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Ecclesiastical Records 



State of New York 



Published by the State under the supervision of 
HUGH HASTINGS, State Historian 



Volume VI 



ALBANY 

J. B. LYON COMPANY, PRINTERS 

1905 



■,:-u ^^BUf> 



,) . 



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^ .*- ii ( ^ 






TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



1761. PAGE. 

Jan. 13. John M. Van Harlingen requests preparatory examination — 
Granted — Letters to the Coetus and Conferentie ap- 
proved 3801 

13. Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of the Province of 
New York — Letter from the Conferentie of May 8, 1760, 
received — Classis pleased with the effort for union, but 
saddened at the failure — The Conferentie demands the 
reference of all important matters to Classis — Coetus in- 
sists that a plurality of votes shall decide all matters; and 
that their ordinations cannot be annulled — Conferentie 
denies this power of ordination to the Coetus — Classis 
decides that a majority of votes must prevail — Classis 
also will not annul the ordinations, though technically 
irregular — Classis will act hereafter according to circum- 
stances — Beseeches all to be satisfied with these decisions 
without undue elation or depression, and seek for union — 
Duty of prayer for the spirit of love and moderation. 3801, 3802 
13. Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — 
Acts of Synod of North Holland for 1760 sent; to be cir- 
culated among the churches — Exhortation to love and 

unity 3802, 3803 

20. Archbishop Seeker to Rev. Dr. (Samuel) Johnson — Oxford 
gives D. D. to Rev. ( Henry ) Barclay — Has not yet found 
tutors for the New York College nor missionaries for the 
stations — Suggests that the clergy should present ad- 
dresses to the King 3803 

Feb. 2. Church of New York — Lots on Manor of Fordham to be 

sold 3803 

March 26. Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 

Gospel — Conditions of the Church of Flushing 3804 

April Church of New York — List of lots sold on Manor of Ford- 
ham 3804 

6. John M. Van Harlingen licensed to preach 3805 

8. Episcopal Church of Jamaica petition for a charter . . 3805, 3806 

30. Church of New York — Duties of the Treasurer of the rev- 
enues of the Manor of Fordham 3806, 3807 

May 4. Final examination and ordination of John M. Van Harlingen, 

for service in the New Netherland churches 3807 

7. Church of New York — Salary of treasurer of the Manor 

of Fordham 3807, 3808 



iv 'r.MlIi; «)K CoNTKNTS. 

17C1. PAQE. 

July 10. Church of Now York — Pnyniont of a t)on(l — Loan of 

nionoy 380* 

20. Classi.s rocoivos a letter from Uov. Ilaaphoort 3808 

28-Au}r. (i. Synod of North Holland — ('h\irrh of North and 
South Hampton —^ Churches of Annveil and Kaston desire 

mini.^ters — Reports 3S08, 3809 

Aiip. 19. Petition to be allowed to collect fvind.s to Imild a parsonage 

at New Roehelle for Rev. Michael Houdin 3810 

Oct. 5. John Henry Heyer licensed to preacli 3S10, 3811 

8. The Coetus, per Erickson and Leydt, to Classis of Amster- 
dam. See April 5, 17G2. 
15. The Conferentie to the Classis of Amsterdam, with a P. S. 
of Feb. 25. 1762 — Reference to the Pamphlet of Doinine 
Leydt — Intention to answer it — Leydt has had the letter 
of Classis printed — Threatened to carry the whole matter 
to the Synod — P. S. Copies of Leydt's book and their 
answer sent to Classis — Jlinister at Tappan, with others, 
are seeking a Charter for a College in New Jer.sey — Re- 
fused by one Governor, seek it from his successor — Diffi- 
culties resulting 3811, 3812 

15. Other items in 17G1 3813 

1762. 

First Episcopal Church of Schenectady 3813 

April 5. Classis receives a letter from the Coetus of New York dated 
Oct. 8, 1761 — Answer approved — Extract of Coetus' 

letter 3814 

5. Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New Y'ork — Their 
letter of Jan. L3, 1761, sent to both parties — Exhortation 

to union and peace 3815 

10. Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson to Archbishop Seeker — Thanks, 
for being made the Archbishop's proxy in Kings College 
Board — Tutors in the College — Rev. Myles Cooper a 
proper successor as President — Duties of the President — 
Importance of upright Governors and Generals over the 
Province — Expectations from the young King — Hope.s 
for an American Bishop — The churches of Rye, Westches- 
ter, New Y'ork, Staten Island, Jamaica and Hempstead, 
partly supported by the State — Rev. Mr. Wetmore at 
Rj'e — Rev. Mr. Palmer at Amboy — Rev. Mr. McKean — 
Desire for Commissaries here — Request that patents for 
Manors should include provision for churches and schools. 3816 

3817 
May 3. Church of New York — Petition from young men for services 
in English in the Dutch Church of New Y'ork — Taken into 

consideration 3817, 3818 

3. Rev. John Arondeus, although suspended, seeks from the 
West India Company a church in the West Indies — Re- 
jected with rebukes 3818 



Table of Contents. v 

1702. PAGE. 
May 13, 17, 18. Church of New York — Petition from Hardenbrook, 
Stoutenbergh and others, in reference to the proposition 
of May 3, on English preaching — Propositions from Rit- 
zema, to call a Professor of Theology who can also preach 
in English ; or to call an English preacher, who shall have 
a separate Consistory — Fear lest an English-speaking 
minister might endanger their charter privileges — Such a 
minister must subscribe the Netherland Church Formulas, 
and be a colleague with the Dutch ministers, yet not be 
supported by the present estates of the Dutch church — 
Further proposals about the relations and support of an 
English-speaking minister — The Charter and the Confir- 
matory Act to be examizied — The Confirmatory Act not 
opposed to an English minister — Plan of two Consis- 
tories proposed 3819, 3821 

Juno 7. Rev. Cornelius Blaauw called to Pompton, etc. — Call ap- 
proved, and Mr. Blaauw installed for said field, by Classis 
— Certain rhymed Psalms, and treatises by Mr. Busing, 
approved — Report of Committee on the Rhymed Psalms. 3821 

3822 
7. Rev. Abraham Keteltas to the Classis of Amsterdam — A 
Presbyterian, but called to the Dutch churches of Queens 
County — Certificates of Ritzema, De Ronde, etc., endorse 
him — Accepts the Westminster Confession and Scotch Di- 
rectory of Worship — Was educated in and became a mem- 
ber of the Dutch Church — Pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church of Elizabethtown, N. J. — Moves to Jamaica — 
Called by the Dutch churches — Hopes to unite them fra- 
ternally together (see Oct. 7, 17G2) 3823-3825 

July G, 12. Church of New York — Plan of Mr. Lott, Jr., for calling 
an English-speaking minister — Not acceptable to the 
opposition ( Hardenbrook, etc. ) — Difficulties of the Con- 
sistory — Legal advice as to documents of call to be 

sought 3826, 3827 

July 27-Aug. 6. Synod of North Holland — Calls of Blaauw to Pomp- 
ton and of Van Harlingen to Millstone and Nechanic — 
Churches of North and South Hampton and Amwyl. 3827, 3828 
Aug. Classis receives letter from the Conferentie of Oct. 15, 1761. 3828 

18, 26. Church of New York — Report of Committee on calling 
an English-speaking minister — Referred to the Great 
Consistory — Protest presented — Matter referred, with 
amendment, to the Ruling Consistory — Record of 29 
names of Great Consistory, favoring an English minister. 3828- 

3830 
Sept. 6. Call of Rev. Gerard D. Cock (Kok) to Rhincbeck, approved 
by Classis — The Pamphlets of Leydt and Ritzema — The 
former arraigns the Classis — Committee to report on 
them — ( See Oct. 4 ) 3830, 3831 



Vi TAltl.l- OK ('ONTKXTS. 

17C2. PAor 

Sept. 10. Lliurch of New York — Amcndiiicnts to I'iuu fur culling an 
English ministor — Protest — fSuljscription for his support 

to i>c rirculatcd 3831 

Oct. 4. Report on the two Panii)hlct3 of l^ydl and Ritzema, and on 
the Coctus of Xcw York — (See Sept. G) — Letters to be 
written to the Coetus, expressing the diMphjasure of Classis, 
and that they had violated the terms of their organization 

— Classis cannot recognize them as the Coetus; that the 
Classis only desires their subordination for the benefit of 
the Coetus itself — The matter to be referred to the Synod 

— Also a letter to be sent to the Conferentie — Rev. Ger- 
ard D. Cock (Kok) lii'.ally examined and ordained for 
church of Rhinebeck 3831-3833 

6. Archbishop Seeker to Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson — Rev. Mylea 

Cooper — Royal help for the New Y'ork College — Satirical 
pamphlet of some American Dissenter on the advantages 
of conforming to the Church of England — (See Jan. 6, 
1763) — Incorporation of a Society at Boston for Propa- 
gating Christian knowledge among the Indians; apparently 
in opposition to the English Society 3833, 3834 

7. The Conferentie ministers to the Classis of Amsterdam, on 

the call of Rev. Abraham Keteltas to the churches of 
Queens County — His doctrinal examination by them not 
entirely satisfactory; yet recommended to the favorable 

action of Classis 3834-3836 

19, 29. Church of New Y'ork — Further opposition to the call of 

an English ministet 3837, 3838 

Dec. 16. Church of New Y''ork — Plan for saving the Rights and Privi- 
leges of the Dutch Church of New York, in calling an Eng- 
glish-speaking minister — Eight Articles — Leasing the 

estates on the Manor of Fordham 3838-3840 

Other items in 1762 3840 

1763. 

Jan. 6. Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson to Archbishop Seeker — The satiri- 
cal pamphlet alluded to (Oct. 6, 1762) to be answered by 

Rev. Mr. Beach 3841 

6. Church of New York — Further propositions about calling 
an English-speaking minister — A committee to write to 

Holland for an English-speaking minister 3841, 3842 

11. Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers called to Curacoa by the West 
India Company — Approved by Classis — Preliminary ex- 
amination — Classis receives a letter from the Conferentie 
of Oct. 15, 1761 — Answer approved — Also a letter from 
Ritzema, etc., of Oct. 7, 1762; and one from Rev. Ab. Ke- 
teltas of June 7, 1762, respecting his call to Queens 
County — Must pledge himself to sign the Formulas of 
Concord — Extract of letter from Queens County, June 
7, 1762 '. . 3842-3846 



Table of Contents. vii 

1763. * PAGE. 

Jan. 11. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie — Their letter of 
Oct. 15, 1761, received — Have since received Leydt's pam- 
phlet (of Aug. 12, 1760) and two copies of Ritzema'a 
Reply (Oct. 15, 1761) — Regret the failure of union be- 
tween the Coetus and Conferentie — Greatly displeased 
with Leydt's pamphlets, but pleased with Ritzema's pamph- 
let, although Ritzema not pleased with Classical letter — 
Classis insists on a majority of votes deciding a matter, 
subject to appeal — Churches of New Netherland have not 
the right to examine and ordain, but only the Classis — 
This has always been the Rule — Extracts from letters of 
1698 and 1700, to prove this, and many others — Proof 
from other sources — Requests sent to Classis for permis- 
sion to ordain in certain cases — Requests granted, with- 
out establishing precedents — Reasons why absolute power 
to do these things could not be granted — Subordination 
to the Classis not destroyed by the establishment of the 
Coetus — Importance of re-establishing the now disrupted 
Coetus — Proofs that the Coetus did not intend to destroy 
subordination — Rules of Coetus acknowledge subordina- 
tion — Classis gave permission only for a subordinated 
Coetus — All the Correspondence confirms this — Coetus 
recognized the superiority of Classis by asking permission 
in special cases to examine and ordain — Action of Classis 
on proposal to establish an American Classis and an 
American University — Action of the Synod against these 
Plans for successive years — Illegality of the Acts of 
those seeking an American Classis — Significance of graded 
Ecclesiastical Bodies — Action of Classis: Cannot ap- 
prove the ordinations by the Coetus, in their own name, 
as regular; but will not, for the sake of love and peace, 
repudiate them — Classis may grant permission to ordain, 
in extraordinary cases — Hopes for peace and union. 3846-3851 
11. The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus — Had received 
Rev. John Leydt's Pamphlet, " True Liberty the Way to 
Peace " — Displeased and indignant over it because of its 
language toward the Classis and Synod — The obligations 
of the American churches to the Classis — Had the Coetus 
a right to change itself into a Classis, and ordain? — 
(Same points as in preceding letter for many pages) — 
The Classis does not usurp power — Leydt slanders the 
Classis — The Coetus is subordinated to Classis — The 
Classis desires only to serve the American churches — 
Independency of the Classis would bring the loss of civil 
freedom to the church — To promote peace and unity. 

the Classis has been moderate in her demands 3851-385S 

18. Church of New York to Messrs. Longueville and Brinshall 
of Amsterdam — Request their assistance in securing an 
English-speaking minister — Gradual change of language 



Table ok Contents. 



1763. 



TAdC. 

from Dutch Chtircli Ity Rorvicos conlinuod only in Dutch 

— Now nn Kn^lish colony — Enjjlibli clnirrhcs largely 
made up of desccnfljuitu of the Dutch — Anxious to win 
Ihoni back by Kn^^lish prcachinfj — Mnny, for Holfish rea- 
sons, oppose the introduction of English preaching in the 
Dutch cimrchcs — The English minister to Ik- supported 
only by private subscriptions — £420 subscribed; present 
salary to be £.'J00; equal to 2000 guilders; probable in- 
crease — (^lualifications demanded — iMan>- more English- 
speaking ministers will be wanted — Name of Rev. Archi- 
bald Laidlie suggested .38.')3-3856 

Mar. 18. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Mr. Keteltas — Letters re- 
ceived about his call to Queens County — Classis pleased, 
but a difficulty as to his doctrine of the person of Christ 

— Will accept him when these difficulties are cleared 
away 3857 

18. Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Ritzema, De Ronde, Van Sin- 
deren and Rubel — Their letter received about call of Rev. 
Keteltas — Classis plea.sed with the call — Request them 
to labor with Keteltas as to his doctrinal difficulties — 
References to letters of Classis of Jan. 11, to the Confer- 
entie and to the Coetus 38,)8, 3859 

18. Classis of Amsterdam to the churches of Queens County — 

Their call to Rev. Keteltas 3859 

Plan of Classis of Amsterdam for the introduction of an 
English-speaking minister into the Dutch Church of New 

York City (Dutch and English) 3859-3861 

Acts of the Deputies — Extract from a letter of Rev. John 
Ritzema of Nov. 21, 17G2, to Rev. [Winoldus] Budde — 
Pleased that the pamphlets of Rev. Leydt, 1760, and his 
own, 1762, have been received — Leydt had also published 
a Rejoinder to Ritzema — Complains of the divisions ex- 
isting — Rev. Verbryck still holds on to his Project of an 
Academy in New Jersej^ — Requests Rev. Budde to de- 
liver his letters to the Synod of North Holland, in defence 
of Rev. Leydt's accusations against him — Complains of 
other Coetus ministers — Speaks of the desirability of an 
English-speaking minister, who can also be a Professor of 

Theology in America 3862 

Acts of Deputies — Extract from a letter of Rev. John 
Leydt, of March 23, 1763 — Personal ease would induce 
him to disregard the divisions existing, but duty con- 
strains him to work — Sends the three pamphlets over — 
(his own of Aug. 12, 1760; Ritzema's of Oct. 15, 1761; 
and his own second pamphlet of Feb. 19, 1762) — These 
treat of the Rights of Ruling Elders; of the Rights of the 
Majority Vote; of the Right of the Coetus to ordain; 
of the non-Right of the Classis to issue orders to the 
Coetus; of the character of Subordination — The last 



Table of Contents. ix 

1763. PAGE, 

three, he thinks, should be settled in short order — Coetus 
should be independent, belonging only to the Synod, and 
be on an equality with the Classes — This would add 
lustre to the Church, and keep it pure in doctrine and 

discipline 3862, 3863 

Mar. 26. Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel — Intrusion of Rev. Mr. Treadwell into the parish 

of Jamaica 3863 

30. Archbishop Seeker to Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson — Refer- 
ence to the violent pamphlet against the English Church 

— Efforts to be made to have Bishops in America — 
References to Revs. Chandler, Burton, Palmer, Punder- 
son; and to the churches of Rye, Hartford; also to Kings 
College and Rev. Dr. Cooper — The case of Mr. Charlton 

— Rev. Mr. Beach to write an anonymous reply to the 
Dissenter's pamphlet 3864, 3865 

April 1. Rev. John Ritzema to Rev. W. Budde — Extract: Chaotic 
state of the Church in America; tendency to Independ- 
ency; opposition to a majority vote; difficulties of restor- 
ing the Coetus 3865 

6. The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam — Extract : Failure 
of their efforts to unite with the Conferentie; do not 
desire the Classis to be partizan; the right of the Coetus 
to ordain; is equal to a Classis; desires the recognition 
of the Classis to this end; commissions Rev. Jacob R. 
Hardenberg to represent Coetus before Classis 3866 

11. Church of New York — Anti-English preaching party, under 
Hardenbroek, etc., make accusations against the Consist- 
ory, while refusing to recognize them 3866, 3867 

11. Classis approves letters to Rev. Keteltas; to Ritzema, etc., 
of the Conferentie; to the Consistory of the Four com- 
bined congregations — Plan, to introduce an English-speak- 
ing minister into Dutch Church of New York, approved — 
Letter read from Rev. Jakson and answer approved — 
Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers examined, and assigned to 
church of Curacoa 3867, 3868 

11. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. William Jakson — The schism 
in the church; the pamphlet of Rev. Leydt; referred to 
the letter of Classis to the Coetus on these points; Classis 
sides with the Conferentie; cannot direct his Consistory 
to let him attend the Coetus; his mistaken views about 
Keteltas and Ritzema; grieved at his zeal which the 
Classis considers mistaken 3868, 3869 

14. Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — The anti- 
English preaching party — The Plan for English preach- 
ing to be recorded 3869, 3870 

May 2. Report of Committee on Leydt's second pamphlet — Com- 
plaint of Ritzema about being falsely charged of writing 
to the Synod in 1757 3870 



X Tahi-i: ok Contents. 

17G3. I'AOE. 

May 2. CIn8»i(* of Amsterdam to Rev. Weldrick of Curacoa — Ilofer- 
t-nces to the appointment of Rev. Warmoldusj Kuypcra to 
that field 3870, 3871 

June 8. The Confcrcntio, tlirougli K<n-. Ritzema, to the Clas.sis of 
Amsterdam — Accept decision of Classis on the majority 
vote; sorry tlic Classis liad not dealt on theit claimed 
disruption of the Coctus; their desire for regularity of 
procedure 3871 

June 8, July 5, IG. Church of New York — Answer of Classis re- 
specting an English-speaking minister, read — Prepara- 
tion of the Psalms in English rhyme — Rev. Arcliibald 
Laidlie recommended by Classis as preacher in English.. 3872 

3873 

July 18. The charges against Ritzema, about a certain letter, re- 
ferred to the Deputies — Request of the Coetus of New 
York, per Rev. IJardenberg, referred to same Committee 

— Reports of the Deputies. 

Acts of the Deputies — Their report in the case of the 
false accusation against Rev. Ritzema about his writing a 
certain letter ; Ritzema acquitted — Report on the request 
of the Coetus, through Rev. Hardenberg; tliat the Classis 
of Amsterdam would change the Coetus of New York 
into a Classis, and advise the Conferentie brethren to favor 
this change — Hardenberg himself was ordained contrary 
to wish of Classis; although his ordination subsequently 
recognized; the requests of the Coetus already decided; 
the friends of the Coetus, through Leydt, have insulted 
the Classis; the Conferentie stand by Classis; letters to 
be written to both parties; these presented and approved; 
the Classis of Amsterdam only has the right to ordain 
for New York; proofs; Classis must persevere in its 
course; extracts from Leydt's pamphlet read; report 
adopted, and confirmed 3873-3877 

20. Consistory of New York, per Rev. De Ronde, to Classis of 

Amsterdam — Extract: Gratified at the action of Classis 
about an English-speaking minister — Have determined to 
call Rev. Laidlie 3877, 3878 

21. Church of New York — Call to Rev. Archibald Laidlie: 

Salary to be by subscription, not from income of proper- 
ties; reference to change of language; duties of the Eng- 
lish-speaking preacher; conditions and terms — Note to 
the Classis 3878-3880 

22. Opponents of English preaching to the Classis of Amsterdam 

— Their side declared to be not so weak as represented; 
refusal of the Consistory to accept their suggestions; 
charge that the Consistory was elected illegally; their pro- 
test; other supposed irregrilarities 3880, 3881 



Table of Contents. xi 

1763. PAGE. 

July 26-Aug. 4. Synod of North Holland — Article 4 : Rev. Jacob 
R. Hardenberg received as delegate from the Coetus; 
presents a letter from Coetus — Article 38: Dismissal of 
Rev. Cock to Camp and Rhinebeck — Article 47: Refer- 
ences to Jonathan Du Bois; and to the church at Amwell 
and Rev. Stapel — Article 48 : New York and New Jersey, 
Report of the Committee on Leydt's pamphlet; action of 
the Classis of Amsterdam on Hardenberg's mission; 
Classis had refused to change the Coetus into a Classis; 
consideration of Ritzema's letter of June 8, 1763; and of 
the letter of Coetus, per Hardenberg; action of Classis of 
Amsterdam confirmed by Synod; further action of Synod 
thereon. 
Action of Synod on Ritzema's complaint against Leydt, re- 
specting certain (forged) letters, said to have been written 
by Ritzema — Ritzema vindicated 3882-3886 

Aug. 10. Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson to Archbishop Seeker — Rev. Mr. 
Beach's answer to the anonymous book against Episcopacy 
— Necessity of Bishops in America — Kings College .3887, 3888 

Sept. 5. Action of Synod of 1763 about New York, reported to 
Classis of Amsterdam — Letter from New York of Jime 
8, received — Classis approves of call of New York on 

Rev. Laidlie 3888, 3889 

28. Archbishop Seeker to Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson — Refer- 
ences to the anonymous book against Episcopacy, to Soci- 
ety for Propagating Christian Knowledge; possibility of 

Bishops in America 3889 

Second Petition of the Lutheran Church of New York for 

a Charter — Review of their history in New York. . 3890, 3891 
First Presbyterian Church in Albany 3891 

Oct. 3. Acts of the Deputies — Abstract of letter from Opponents 
of Laidlie — Classis approves letters to the Coetus, to the 
Conferentie, to Rev. John Ritzema, to the protesters 
against the call of Rev. Laidlie — Rev. Laidlie accepts 
call to New York; is to be installed for New York, in 

Amsterdam — ( See Dec. 5 ) 3892, 3893 

3. Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus — Leydt's pamphlet and 
Hardenberg's mission to Classis — Requests rejected ; Rea- 
sons; confirmatory action of the Synod; exhortation to 

prudence in their course of action 3893-3895 

3. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie — Action of Synod 
on requests of the Coetus — "Vindication of Ritzema in 
reference to the letters forged in his name — Denunciation 
of Leydt's pamphlets — Hardenberg's mission to Classis — 
Synodical action thereon — Must seek to have the new 
ministers belong to the Conferentie, as subordinate to 
Classis — Exhortation to brotherly love 3895-3897 



xii Taiim-; ok Contents. 

ITfi.l. PAGE. 

Ort. 3. ( l!i'.M'< of Anii-t«'r.liini lo K.v. John Hitrx^mn — IIih romplclc 
vin<lirnti(in in n'l'crfncc to the Saujfi'rticn IcttcrH — l^id- 

lii-'i* call 3807, 3898 

3. ClnhsiH of AiiiHtonlnm to the opponents of nn KnKlish 
lin-achor — UenHonH for fjrantjnfj the re<j»K'»t for English 

preachinj? — Kxhortntion to them; opponontH 3898, 3899 

(«, 20. Clnirrh of New York — Opponents of KnfrliHh preaching 
ilcsire to vote — Petition a(,'ain.Ht their voting — Their 

vote refused 3900, 3901 

28. German Uefornicd Church, New York City — Place them- 
selves formally under the Classia of Amsterdam 3901 

Nov. 13. Sir \Vm. Johnson to the Lords of Trade — Importance of 
|n<»|)t'r missionaries amonj,' the Indians — Indian suspicion 
of land seekers — The Jesuit missionaries — New edition 

of Indian Prayer Book 3901 , 3902 

17. The Conferentie to the Classis of Amsterdam — Doctrinal 
views of Rev. AIj. Keteltas — Desire for another minister 
on hong Island — Anxiety for letters from Holland — The 
Pamphlets of I>eydt and Ritzema — Hardenberg's visit to 

Holland — Fishkill and Tappan 3902, 3903 

24. Rev. de Ronde to one of the Deputies at Amsterdam — The 
call of Rev. Laidlie — De Ronde's translation of the Cate- 
chism into English, styled "A System of Truth" — Many 
errorists abroad — Description of some of them — Criti- 
cisms of his " System " — Coetus brethren favor these er- 
rorists — Sends copy of his " System" to the English min- 
isters of Classis; desires approbation of Classis thereon; 
also their disapprobation of "Marshall on Sanctifica- 
tion " — Presbyterians in New York — P. S. Further re- 
marks on Marshall's book — Works of Dickson and Bel- 
lamy against these errorists 3903-3907 

Dee. 5. Papers of dismission of Rev. Archibald Laidlie — Installa- 
tion in Amsterdam of the Rev. Laidlie for the church of 

New Y^ork 3907, 3908 

7. Lieut. Gov. Colden to the Lords of Trade — On the former 
request, 1759, of the Lutherans for a Charter — Gov. De 
Lancey favorably inclined, but feared applications from 
dissenters — Petition recently renewed, Sept. 29, but re- 
fused for same reasons as before; but to be laid before the 
Lords of Trade — Besides the Charter to the Church of 
England, only four other Charters granted, all made to 
Dutch Churches — Doubtful legality of these (?) — 
Dangerous to give Charters to dissenters and others — See 

July 13, 1764 3908 

7. Church of New York — Because of the acceptance of the call 
bj' Rev. Laidlie, a gallery must be constructed in his 
church 3909 



Table of Contents. xiii 

17G3. PAGE. 

Dec. 20. Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson to Archbishop Seeker — Answers 
to the anonymous book against the Church of England — 
Desirability of training Indian lads at Kings College — 
Necessity of a Bishop — Fanaticisms in New England — 
Missionaries needed there — Evil of Charter Govern- 
ments 3909, 3910 

Origin of St. Paul's Church, New York City 3910, 3911 

Other items in 1763 3911, 3912 

1764. 
Jan. 8. Church of New York — Enlargement of the New Church 

(Cedar and Nassau Streets) 3912 

20. Sir Wm. Johnson to the Lords of Trade — Request to abolish 
the Jesuit INIissions — Their lands would endow an Eng- 
lish Bishoprick in Canada, etc 3912, 3913 

25. Call of Rev. Johann Michael Kern to German Church in 

New York 3913 

Feb. 16. Church of New York — John Montanye and his lists of 
names — Adrian Van der Sman charged before Consistory 
with forging Domine Ritzema's name in reference to his 

call to Saugerties — Discharged from office 3914 

Mar. 8, 14, 18. Consistory of New York to Classis of Amsterdam — 
account of Van der Sman's forgery of Domine Ritzema's 
name, and of that of the Consistory of Saugerties, in order 
to intrude into the ministry — Opponents of English 
preaching — Enlargement of New Church — Petition in 

behalf of Van der Sman, rejected 3914, 3915 

19. Acts of the Deputies — Letters from West Indies; Also 
from Rev. de Ronde, concerning his translation of the 

Catechism — Book conditionally approved 3915, 3916 

23, April 1. Church of New York — Plan of seats in New 

Church — Arrival of Rev. Laidiie 3916, 3917 

26. Rev. Samuel Seabury to Society for Propagating the Gos- 

pel — Prayer Books and tracts received for Jamaica — 
Opposition of infidelity and Quakerism — Small church 
attendance 3917 

April 2. Account of church of St. Martins, W. I. — Letters to West 
Indies approved — Letter from De Ronde read in Classis, 
and report on his book by the Deputies approved — Let- 
ters from Jakson and Stapel to be answered 3917-3920 

2. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie — Action of the 

Synod and the Classis, on the Coetus and Conferentie 

affairs, sent for circulation among those subordinate to 

the Classis — A copy of the same given to Hardenberg. . . . 3920 

4, 9. Church of New York — Proposals of " The Dutch party " 

to the Consistory, in reference to English preaching. 3920, 3921 

May 1. Church of New York — Preparations made for an English 
edition of the Heidelberg Catechism, with proof texts; 
for the purchase of musical type for an English Psalm 
Book : 3921, 3922 



xiv 1'aui.k ok Contents. 

17rt4. . TAOE. 

Mny 7. I^tlcrs from l^itzonia rocoivod; niso from New York Con- 

Bistory — Privnto answers to he pent to Rev. Jakson 3922 

14, 22. Church of Now York — Completinfr ropnirs in New 

Church — Versification of the I'salms in Knglish 3022 

Juno 4. Classis a])jirove9 letters to be sent to Dc Kondc and Con- 
sistory of New York 3923 

4. Clnssis of Amsterdam to Rev. De Ronde — Classis adheres 

to former Act on conditional approval of his book 3923 

4. Classis of Amsterdam to Consistory of New York — Allusion 

to action of Consistory in case of Van der Sman — Hopes 
for harmony in Consistory by arrival of domine 
Laidlio 3923, 3924 

5. Church of New York — English translation of the Heidel- 

berg Catechism, approved 3924 

18. German church of New York — Domine Kern invited to 

attend the Conferentie — Church places itself under the 
Classis of Amsterdam 3924, 3925 

19, 20. Efforts for union between the Coetus and Conferentie.. 392.5 

.. 3926 

20, 21. Proceedings of the Conferentie, now, for the first, organ- 

ized as an Ecclesiastical Assembly, with Elders — AfTairs 
at Poughkeepsie, Tappan and Fishkill — Student Lydek- 
ker asks to be examined 3926, 3927 

21. "The Assembly Subordinate to the Rev. Classis" (the 

organized Conferentie) to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Account of the efforts for union — Tlieir new formal 
" Organization " — References to their successive Acta — 
The conduct and arguments of the Coetus — Reports of 
Hardenberg as to the feelings of individual members of 
Classis, in favor of the Coetus — Refusal of domines 
Laidlie and Meyer, with their elders, to join in organiz- 
ing the Conferentie — The positions of domines Blaaw, 

Westerlo, Kern 3927-3930 

29. Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Francis Hop- 
kinson to versify the Psalms in English for the Dutch 

Church '. 3931 

July ? Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde to the Consistory of Kingston 
on the Meyer case — Meyer bound by his call to submit 

to the Classis — If not should be put under censure 3930 

5. Rev. Johannes Ritzema to Rev. Winoldus Budde; with Post- 
script of Sept. 7 — Displeased with the conduct of domine 
Laidlie in not joining the Conferentie — Laidlie seems 
pleased with the idea of an American Academy and Classis 
— Domine Cornelius Blaaw — Proposal to send candidates 
over, to be located here, after their arrival — Congrega- 
tions thus supplied would pay any reasonable expense — 
P. S. Domine Erickson has dictated a letter (July 16) — 
He is feeble, and his church is divided — No minister yet 
received for Queens county 3931-3933 



Table of Contents. xv 

1764. PAGE. 

July 12, 13. Church of New York — Conditions for selling pews in the 

New Church (Cedar Street) 3933, 3934 

12. Rev. H. IMeyer to Rev. Ritzema — Acts of the Convention 

to seek Union laid before Kingston Consistory — Willing 

to become "subordinate to Classis of Amsterdam". 3934, 3935 

13. Lords of Trade to Lieut. Gov. Colden — Petition of Luther- 

ans for a Church Charter, denied 3935 

16. Rev. Rhinehart Erickson to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Complains of ill-treatment by Rev. Leydt and party — 
His call to Hackensack in 1725, and his ordination 
therefor — Subsequent calls — Early disuse of the Dutch 

— English services preferred — Confesses to intoxication 
on a certain occasion — His trial and unlimited sentence 

— Further action on his case — Condemned, unheard, by 
the Coetus, and his pastoral relation dissolved — Char- 
acters of the witnesses against him 3935-3939 

17. Petition of Sir James Jay to the King in behalf of Kings 

College — Its origin — Necessity of more ministers — Zeal 
of Romish priests — Design of this College — Its governors 

— Necessity of endowment — About £5000 already raised 

— Request for a grant of 20,000 acres of land, of the 
Crown land, free for rent— (See July 23) 3940, 3941 

18. Church of New York — Further improvement of the New 

Church (Cedar Street) — Sale of Manor of Fordham 
lands 3941, 3942 

23. Lords of Trade to the Privy Council — Petition of James 
Jay for 20,000 acres of land for Kings College, granted — 
(See July 17) 3942 

25. Revs. Freyenmoet, Meyer and Cock to Classis of Amster- 
dam — Van Hoevenberg to be kept under censure until 
Synod gives its decision — Action approved by Conferentie. 
Synodalia — Classis reports that its Committee ad res 
Exteras had obeyed action of Synod of 1763 in the case of 
the forged letters by Van der Sman 3943 

31-Aug. 8. Synod of North Holland — Notarial copies of their 
action on the Ritzema and Ven der Sman case had been 

made and sent to New York 3943, 3944 

Aug. 8. Rev. Ritzema to John Wynkoop of Kingston — Duty of 
Meyer to submit to Classical authority — Want to rule by 
a majority vote — Classis wishes no subordination in con- 
flict with the civil oath — Danger of Dutch Church being 
considered merely as a Dissenting Church — Domine Meyer's 
position as to his relation to the Classis and to the Civil 
Power — Ritzema's remarks on Meyer's position respecting 
the civil oath — Consistory advised to put Meyer under cen- 
sure — The language of the oath 3944-3946 

20. Church of New York — The German church land — Van der 
Sman relieved of censure — Van Antwerp appointed cate- 



I AIII.K OI" CoNTKNTS. 



1704. 



I'.vor. 

chiut — Dominc Laidlic to render all the communion «cr- 
vicrfl, with Preparatory and Thankngiving sermons, in the 

New Church 394« 

Au^'. '2;j. Rev. IF. Meyer refuses to acknowledge H>il»ordinatinn . . .'1940, :{n47 
Sept. *J7. Church of New York — Consi.story receives three letterH from 
Amsterdam — Renting seats in New Church — Two more 

deacons to be added to Consistory, making ten in ail 3947 

Oct. 1. Classis rrrdvrs letter from New York dated May 12 — V.x- 
tract: Safe arrival of Laidlie; his introduction to his 
oflice ; gratitude of the Consistory 3947, 3949 

3. Rev. .John Kitzcma to Rev. Winoldus Budde — Delays in the 
correspondence — Desirability of candidates who shall be 
located after arrival — Its elTect on the Coetus — The place 
of Erickson about to be supplied by the Coetus — Request 
that the names of the Coetus brethren be omitted from the 
Ministerial Register — Church of Kingston about to depo.«e 
Meyer — Bad conduct of Erickson — Polemical letters be- 
tween Presbyterians and Episcopalians 3948, 3949 

3. Rev. .Tohn C. Fryenmoet to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Request for a minister by the combined congregations of 
Poughkocpsie, Fishkill, New Hackensack and Hopewell — 
Must be supordinate to the Classis — Many errorists — 
Present condition of these congregations — Dismission of 
Meynema — Settlement of Van Nist by the Coetus — Sub- 
mission of those churches to the Coetus — Divisions in the 
congregations — Fryenmoet asked to perform service by op- 
ponents of the Coetus — Call of Blaaw of Fairfield, N. J., 
by a committee — Fryenmoet ordains other Consistories of 
Conferentie nun — This action approved by the Confer- 
entie — Blaaw declines the call — Hence a new call sent to 
Holland — Domino Henricus Schoonmaker (Coetus) illegal 
pastor at Poughkeepsie and Fishkill 3949-3951 

6. Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel — Visit of Whitefield and its mischievous results — 
Many strolling preachers and exhorters — Misrepresenta- 
tions of the Church of England — His efforts against these 
at Jamaica 3952 

9. Consistory of Kingston to Revs. Fryenmoet and Cock and 
their Consistories — Requested to meet and try their min- 
ister, Rev. H. Meyer, for exciting divisions in the church, 
refusing ecclesiastical counsel, and declining subordination 
to Classis of Amsterdam 3952 

9. Rev. G. D. Cock to Eev. H. Meyer — Informs him that Rev. 
Fryenmoet and himself have been requested to assist the 
Consistory in restoring peace at Kingston — The charges 
against him — Request him to appear before them to reply 
to these charges 3953 

9. Rev. H. Meyer to Revs. Cock and Fryenmoet — Acknowledges 
receipt of request to appear before them — Asks for infor- 



Table of Contents. xvii 

17 04. PAGE. 

mation as to what they desire, and what is the character 

of their Convention 3953 

Oct. 9. Rev. H. Meyer to Revs. Cock and Fryenmoet — Willing to 
reply to any charges made by his Consistory before a law- 
fully constituted Convention — Acknowledges his obligation 
to the Netherland Church and the King of Great Britain — 
This Convention irregular, both ecclesiastically and civ- 
illy — Refuses to appear before an unlawful Convention, 

but will appear before a lawful one 3953, 3951 

9. Revs. Cock and Fryenmoet to Rev. H. Meyer — Declare their 
Convention lawful — Church of New Paltz partizan — 

Rev. Cock competent 3954 

9. Rev. Meyer to Revs. Cock and Fryenmoet — Church of New 
Paltz competent to sit in Convention — Rev. Cock civilly 
incompetent to sit as a judge — Surprise at their unwill- 
ingness to call a lawful Convention — Urges the Consistory 

to proceed legally 3955 

9, 10. Revs. Fryenmoet and Cock and their ciders visited King- 
ston, at the invitation of the Consistory, to request Rev. 
Meyer to confer with his Consistory in an ecclesiastical 
manner, before them, in reference to the schisms in the 
church; in rejecting ecclesiastical advice; in refusing sub- 
ordination to the Classis of Amsterdam ; and in refusing 
a friendly conference on the subject. 

His refusal to appear before an illegal Assembly — Rea- 
sons of its illegality — The Assembly rejects his reasons. 

He had been married as alleged, by an illegally ordained 
minister of the Coetus party — He was about to agree to 
subordination to the Classis, when he was requested to take 
the civil oath, which he did — Legal advice declared the 
oath related to Romanism only — After taking the oath, he 
refused " subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam." 

II ? In reference to the division in the Church — Many 
follow example of Meyer and refuse " Subordination " — 
Committee of Five join with the Consistory to punish 
Meyer. 

III. Meyer despised ecclesiastical advice — Meyer's 
suspension from his office, for refusing advice, and de- 
clining " Subordination " — Referred to the Consistories 
of New York and to the Synod 3955-3959 

11. Proposed Act to appropriate the moneys accruing from fines 

on Moravians and Quakers — Council declines to act . . . 3900 

12. Rev. Jacob Hardenberg to Classis of Amsterdam — Takes 

exception to the language of Classis as to his Commission 
— The Coetus made the request, not himself — His curt 
treatment by Classis — Their misunderstarding of the 
language of Coetus — Effect of his treatment while in 
I Holland — Continued efforts for a close union with Hoi- 



xviii lAni-K of Contents. 

17G4. lAOE. 

land — The diflloullics involvnl l»y living under annthcr 
Power — Nocd of a S"iniiiary in America — Have peti- 
tioned for a Charter — More able to c;ulo\v an institution 
than Kpinoopalians or Prcabytcriani* — American minis- 
tcrB cannot he members of eccloHiaBlioal AsHemblien in 
Holland — Domine Mover and tlie civil oath — Opinion 
of lawyer.-* — Keqncst tJc ClasHiH to modify their de- 
mands — The Coctus becominp «tronger — f'liis>is hhould 
not be too bitt«r against I^^oydt's pamphlet — The ("oetus 
party not in the minority at Fishkill, as represented — 
Coctus has adherents in all the churches 3960-3963 

Oct. 13. The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam — The effort at 
union in .Tune, 1764 — Desire of the Coetus for liberty, 
yet close union with the Nctherland Church — Subordi- 
nation, destitute of all power is contrary to the Nether- 
land Church Constitution — Invalidity of the Classical 
arguments: from plantinjj; from only partial member- 
ship of Classis — Our inherent right to manage our own 
affairs — Right of ordination involved in pastoral office — 
Duty of neighboring ministers to perform it — Equality 
of ministers — Impossibility of getting enough ministers 
from Holland — Mo.st other denominations ordain here — 
Dangers of the Voyage — Episcopalians unable to ordain 
— Presbyterians get ten ministers to the Episcopalians' 
one — Other churches have Seminaries, seven or eight in 
number — The Dutch, none yet — The English language 
must prevail — Copj' of the Civil Oath sent — (See this 
under Aug. 8, 17G4) — Members of one Civil Power can- 
not be constituent members of the Ecclesiastical Bodies of 
another Civil Power — Close Alliance practicable, with 
full liberty — Counsel desirable — Desire to forgive and 
forget — High-handed conduct of Fryenmoet in ordaining 

new Consistories at Fishkill, etc 3963-3967 

13. Rev. Lambertus De Ronde to Rev. W. Budde — Pleased 
with the approbation of his " System of Truth " — Sorry 
at seeming omissions — Thoroughly orthodox — Grieved 
that Laidlie refuses full subordination to the Classis.... 3967 

Oct. 18, 31, Nov. 14. Church of New York — Exchange of lots — Re- 
ceives gifts of ornaments — Consistory to relieve individ- 
uals from all costs involved in defending the church in 
the lawsuit of " The Dutch Party " — Church seats — 

Lots of Harpending 3968 

Mrs. Grant's description of Albany. Dutch and English 

churches 3969 

Other items in 1764 3969, 3970 

1765 

Jan. ? Acts of the Deputies — Classis receives supplements to let- 
ters of June 21, 1764, dated Sept. 4, 1764, about Meyer's 



Table of Contents. xix 

1765. PAGE. 

scruples as to the oath; also a copy of Ritzema's letters 
to Prof. Budde, of July 8 and Sept. 7, 1764, about send- 
ing over candidates to be subsequently located; also a 
call from Queens County 3970 

Jan. 7. Church of New York — The lots of Harpending — Domine 
De Ronde's residence — Indemnifying members arrested in 
the "Dutch Party" suit — Repairing the German church. 3970 

3971 
8. Classis receives three packets of letters from New York... 3971 

Feb. 4. Conferentie asks permission to qualify candidates and send 
them over — Granted — De Ronde declares his orthodoxy 
in reference to his book — Coetus proposes some kind of 
Federation with the Church of the Netherlands: Referred 
to the Deputati for legal advice — Also a letter from Rev. 

Meyer of Oct. 25, 17G4, of same import 3971, 3972 

4. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie or Subordinate 
Assembly — References to numerous letters received — 
Grief at the failure of the parties to unite in June, 1764 
— Surprised that Laidlie did not unite with the " Sub- 
ordinate Assembly " — Denials of Profs. Budde and Bon- 
ner as to their favoring the Coetus — Classis will try to 
fill the call for Poughkeepsie, etc.; and for Queens Co.; 
had advertised for ministers to go to America — Permis- 
sion given to ordain Lydekker — Classis cannot judge on 
the Verbryck matter; approves censure on Van Hoeven- 
berg; cannot decide on Erickson's case — Considers the 
ado about the Civil oath farfetched — Will write once 

again to the Coetus brethren in April 3972-3974 

4. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Archibald Laidlie — Ex- 
presses surprise that he does not join the " Subordinate 
Assembly " — Exhortation to him to unite with the Con- 
ferentie 3974, 3975 

4. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Lambertus De Ronde — 

Prasies him for his orthodoxy 3975 

9. Rev. Meyer's sermon on John 18: 12, 13: "Then the band 
and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and 
bound him, and led him away to Annas first," etc. — Ap- 
plications crafty counsels against the righteous; partial 

judges; applied to the Consistory of Kingston 3976 

28, Address of Rev. Ritzema to the churches, with an Extract 
from the Acts of the Synod of North Holland [1763] 
concerning American Aflfairs 3976-3982 

Mar. 8. German Reformed Church, New York City — Corner-stone 

of church laid 3982 

21, 29. Church of New York — Petitions for certain lots for a 

burial ground 3982, 3983 



XX Tahlk ok C'ontent.s. 

1765. < PAOB. 

A]'iil •>. (nil of Hcv. Iwino Hymlyk to Fishkill. roiighkeop»ic, New 

Hiuk.'iiHnck and II<)|m<\vc11 3983-3985 

•JCi. Suit of HiMilfiilirook. cU\, a;iiiinHt Consintory of Church of 

iNfw Y<ii k — ( SCO Nov. 11, 1707 ) 3985-3988 

May Ci. Call of Hvhdyck a|>provctl l)y the Classis of Amstcrdnm, nnd 
accopti'd by him — lnstnllc>d over the rlmri-he.s of Fishkill, 
etc. — Coetus matter.^ diiscussed — Rev. Hermanns Boolen 

accepts call to Queens county 39H9 

8. Church of New York — Improvements to the church 3990 

June 3. Letter to lU-v. \Vm. Jakson about liiii improper language to 

the Classis — His apology 3990 

3. Classis of Amsterdam to the so-called Coetus — Former ex- 
pressions of opinion of the Classis and Synod on the right 
to ordain claimed by the Coetus sullicient — The so-called 
" American Classis " and its demands — Coetus had no 
power to make a Classis — Classis of Amsterdam has no 
right to form an American Classis — Subordination of one 
ecclesiastical body to another not tyranny — If Coetus 
decides for independence, she must not expect recognition 
of it by the Classis — The arguments of the Coetus for 
their independency not valid; argument from non-repre- 
sentation in Classis not valid; argument from necessity of 
more ministers partizan ; argument from the rights en- 
joyed by the Presbyterians inconsistent, for Coetus had 
rejected argument from history; arguments from other 
denominational institutions not valid, but a reason for 
sending .students to Holland; argument from disuse of the 
Dutch language not valid, as language has nothing to 
do with subordination; argument from no loss of con- 
tributions not a reason for withdrawing from a legal sub- 
ordination — The civil oath to Ei.gland does not conflict 
with ecclesiastical subordination: tliat civil oath relates 
only to Romanists toleration in En^'land to all Protes- 
tants — Legal advice sent over only curious — The pro- 
posed " closer union " and " subordination " involve 
inconsistencies and contradictions — References to Fryen- 
moet and his illegal conduct 3991-3996 

28. Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 

Gospel — Circumstances connected with the Episcopal 
churches of Queens county — Call of Rev. Mr. Cutting — 

Alleged bad influence of the Quakers 3997 

July 22. Call of Rev. Herman L. Boelen to churches of Queens County 
— Installed in said churches by the Classis — Examination 
of Antonius Kuypcr — Synodalia: Report to Synod. 3997, 3998 

29. Church of New York — Translation of Uellenbroek's Cate- 

chism into English — Collection for Indian missionaries — 
Latin and English Grammar school established 3999 

30. German Church of New Y'^ork, bond to 3999-4000 



Table of Contents. xxi 

1765. ^AGE. 

July 30- Aug. 8. Synod of North Holland — Dismissal of Rev. Isaac 
Rysdyck to Poughkeepsie, and Hermanns L. Boelen to 
Long Island — Matters relating to New York and New 
Jersey, left to the Classis of Amsterdam 4000 

Aug. 1. Church of New York — Subscription for building a Latin 

schoolhouse 4001 

20. Rev. Lambertus De Ronde claims the right to preach in 
English in private houses, and occasionally in Presby- 
terian churches when invited — Does not neglect his own 
services 4001-4004 

Sept. 9. Rev. Lambertus De Ronde to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
per John Kalkoen — Does not approve of Marshall's book 
on Sanctification — Pleased that the Classis approved his 
certain doctrinal statement? — Arrival of Rev. Rysdyck — 
Rev. Laidlie does not believe in " Subordination to Clas- 
sis " 4004, 4005 

9. Rev. Lambertus De Ronde to Rev. John Kalkoen — Diffi- 
culties connected with the introduction of English preach- 
ing in New York and the coming of Rev. Laidlie — Laid- 
lie's independent course of action and novelties intro- 
duced — Efforts to induce Laidlie to become subordinate 
to Classis — Difficulties about De Ronde's preaching in 

English 4005-4007 

10. Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — Thanks 
for the copy sent of their letter to the Coetus, of June 
3, 1765 — Arrival of Rev. Rysdyk, and his pleasure in 
the city — Candidates and vacancies — " Subordination " 
very distasteful to Rev. Laidlie — The lawsuit about Eng- 
lish preaching — De Ronde has joined the " Dutch Party " 
— His opposition to Laidlie — The desirability of the 
Dutch Professorship of Theology in Kings College — 
Princeton desires to unite with the Coetus for such a 

Professor 4007-4009 

16. Church of New Y'ork — Payment for the font of musical 
type — English edition, 2000 copies, of the Psalter with 
music, and the Liturgy to be published, with 500 copies of 
the Heidelberg Catechism — The translation of the Hel- 
lenbroek Catechism completed 4010 

Oct. 7. Prof. Curtenius seeks approval of his book on " Things 

Hard to be Understood " 4010 

7. Domine Ritzema requests Consistory to appoint elders to 
hear the Classical letter to the Conferentie — Refusal of 

Consistory 4010, 4011 

8-10. Proceedings of the Assembly Subordinate to the Classis 
(the Conferentie) — Classical letter read — The case of 
the church of Marbletown — The members of this "Sub- 
ordinate Assembly " subscribe the original " Fundamental 
Articles" of the Coetus of April 27, 1738, in the Coetus 



(\. 



1706. PA(JE. 

Mimitc Book — The cnao of Tnppan — Resolution to print 
400 copies in Enpliwh and 000 in Dutcli of the copy of the 
Classical letter to the Coetus, of Juno 3, 17C"> — Case of 
Van HoevenlMTp — Tlie case of Kingston and dominfl 

Meyer — The student Lydekker licensed 4011-4013 

Oct. 15. Church of New York — Committee appf)intpd to write to 
Classis respecting the position of tlie New York Consist- 
ory in reference to the schism and the lawsuit 4013 

22. The "Subordinate Assembly" (or the Confercntie) to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — Members of the Assembly — 
Complaints against the Coetus — Consistory of New Y'ork 
not friendly — The independent spirit of Revs. Verbryck 
and Meyer — May appeal to the British King against the 
Coetus faction — Alleged arbitrary interpretation of 
Scripture and Church Order 4013, 4014 

20. The Elders and Deacons of the Church of New York to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — Request of Rev. Ritzema that the 
Consistory should appoint delegates to the Conferentie — 
First request in ten years — Consistory resolved to unite 
with neither party — Lust of power seems to dominate 
each — Domine Ritzema to be excepted, who would prefer, 
as he says, to withdraw from the Conferentie — Classis 
asked to authorize him to do so — That Assembly would 
soon die without Ritzema — De Ronde unequal to hi8 
colleagues — His attempts at preaching in English — Dom- 
ine Laidlie has the largest audiences — Unwise for the 
Consistory now to join the Conferentie after being ignored 
in its councils since 1754 — Classis should rebuke De 
Ronde — Laidlie misrepresented before Classis — True 
account of his position — The " Dutch Party " yet remains 
obstinate — Technical construction of their Charter about 
the right of members voting — Consistory sued by the 
" Dutch Party " — Information asked as to the method of 
appointment of the Amsterdam Consistory, whether by 
the old Consistory or by popular vote 4015-4018 

29. Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Their statement of the action of the Consistory on Oct. 7, 
about delegating elders to the Conferentie — Their at- 
tempted vindication of themselves in not consulting their 
elders, generally, in regard to the schism in the Church — 
Their attempted vindication of themselves against " lord- 
ing " over their brethren — The Consistory is attempting 
to " lord " it over the ministers — Domine Laidlie largely 
the cause of this — Denial that their effort to secure elders 
for the Conferentie was sprung upon the Consistory — 
Secret canvassings for votes for Consistorymen — Three 
German ministers, out of ten, in the Conferentie... 4018-4021 

31. Church of New York — Sale of vaults (in and about the 

Cedar Street Church) 4021 



Table of ContenTvS. xxiii 

1765. PAGE. 

Nov. 11. Testimony of the Consistory of Kingston concerning the 

occurrences in a certain Consistory meeting 4021, 4022 

13. Eev. Hermanns Meyer to Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde — 
Surprised at their letter to the Kingston Consistory — 
Intrusion into his church aflfairs — Demands their author- 
ity, divine or human ? — Their real design, to assist mal- 
contents — His resolution not to join either party — Is 
doing the work of an evangelist — Will give no account of 
himself to them — May seek assistance from the other 
ministers against their intrusion — Discharges them from 
further responsibility concerning him 4022, 4023 



ADMINISTRATION OF SIR HENRY :\IOORE, NOV. 13, 1765-1769. 

1765. 

Nov. 20. Consistory of New York — Address to Gov. Moore on his 

arrival — The Governor's reply 4023, 4024 

Dec. 3. Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde to the Consistory of Kingston 
— Grieved at the disorders in their church — Rev. Meyer 
has become an opponent — Have sent their last letter to 
Meyer and his Consistory and his reply to the Classis of 
Amsterdam — Cannot render Kingston much assistance on 
account of defection of certain parties — Danger of bring- 
ing Rev. Eysdyek into the same difficulties as Rev. Cock — 
Rev. Meyer guilty of schism for not joining the Conferen- 
tie, w^hich is acknowledged by Classis — Subject to the 
censure of the Consistory therefor — Consistory must 

stand to their duty 4025 

Other items in 1765? 4026 

1766. 

Jan. 14. Classis receives letters from Revs. Ritzema, De Ronde, Laid- 
lie, and the Consistory of New York, dated September and 

October, 1765 \ 4026, 4027 

22. Church of New York — The Harpending lots 4028 

Jan. ? Acts of the Deputies — Abstract of a letter of Revs. Rit- 

zema and De Ronde of Oct. 22, 1765, with Abstract of 
Minutes of Conferentie, of Oct. 8-10, 1765 — Allusions to 
Revs. Blaaw and Meyer — Conferentie ministers sign anew 
the Fundamental Articles of the (old) Coetus of 1738 — 
Affairs at Kingston. 

Abstract of letter of Opponents of English preaching in 
New York, dated Oct. 23, 1765 — Deplore existing confu- 
sion — Complain of insincerity in Ritzema. and that Laid- 
lie has turned against them — Will haA-e recourse to Am- 
bassador in England — Complain that a second English- 
speaking minister is also to be called. 



xxiv r.viii.i: OK Contents. 

17(Ui. ,.A(iE. 

Abstract itf letter from Rev. ArrliibaM Lnidlio, of Oct. 
20, 17(i.'> — Kouml (liHsiMiMioiiH cxintiiij^ — lit'Hoived to re- 
main nt'utral. 

Ah.Htract of h-tt.-r from Rov. ]).• R..n.l.' nf ()-•(. 29, 1705 — 
{■(.mjilains of the attitude of R<v. Laidlic and of Coimist- 
ory of New York toward the Classis; willing to correspond, 
hut not to be subordinate — Proposals to seek the interfer- 
ence of the English King against the Coetiis 4028-4031 

Feb. 1. Rev. Waimoldus Kuyperg to Classis of Amsterdam — from 

Curacoa 403 1 

2. Church of New York — Receipt for oO.) guilders, for set of 

music types — Old Church to be repaired — No more dead 

to be buried there 4031, 4032 

3. Charges of the church of Kingston against Rev. Meyer, de- 

livered to the Consistory, with certain Papers, etc... 4032-4035 
3. Request of the Consistory of King.ston for a meeting of cer- 
tain ministers and elders to examine charges against Rev. 

Meyer 4035 

5. Rev. John Ritzema to Classis of Amsterdam — Church of 
North Branch (Readington) — Rev. Aemilius declines to 
come — Call of Readington holds good for some one else 

— Its very favorable terms — Question as to early minis- 
ters of New York — Recommends aid for German church. 4036- 

4038 
5. German church, New York City — Request financial help 

from Classis of Amsterdam for cost of church building. . . . 4038 

4039 

11. Rev. Isaac Rysdyk to Rev. H. Meyer — Requests him to ap- 

pear before Revs. Frj^enmoet, Cock and himself to answer 
charges of his Consistory 4039 

12. Rev. H. Mej-er to Revs. Rysdyk. Fryenmoet and Cock — 

Would be happy to appear if their Convention were a law- 
ful and impartial one 4030 

12. Consistory of Kingston makes their complaint against Rev. 

Meyer to the Convention which they called. 4039, 4040 

12. The protest of tw^enty-six members of the church to Messrs. 
Fryenmoet, Cock and Rysdyk, against the legality of their 
^Meeting — New Paltz, the nearest church, not invited — 
Rev. Mej'er willing to appear before a lawful Convention 

— Present Convention unlawful and partial 4040 

12, 13. Meeting of three ministers and eight elders, at King- 
ston to try Rev. H. Meyer for certain alleged offences — 
Names of members present — Reading of the invitation of 
Consistory, of Feb. 3 — Petition of church members com- 
plaining of Rev. Meyer — The complaints, in general: 

His refusal to be subordinate to the Classis of Amsterdam 

— In particular: 1. Despising brotherly admonitions; 
2. Breaking promises to act in harmony with the Con- 



Table of Contexts. xxv 

1766. PAGE, 

sistory; 3. Rejecting a request of the Consistory to ac- 
knowledge " subordination to the Classis " ; 4. Contemp- 
tuous answer to Consistory, respecting a letter of Revs. 
Ritzema and De Ronde; 5. Not fulfilling the terms of his 
call, exciting schism, etc. 

Rev. Meyer refuses to acknowledge the legality or im- 
partiality of the body — Trial proceeds without him — 
Charges 1, 2, 3, had been proved on Oct. 10, 17G4 — His 
refusal to send letter to Rev. Ritzema on his subordination 

— Reasons: his civil oath — His contemptuous conduct 
toward the Classis of Amsterdam and the Conferentie of 
Oct. 5-8, 1765 — Caused discord and strife — Small re- 
sults of his ministry — Refused to obey citation — Pro- 
nounced guilty of schism and contempt of ecclesiastical 
advice — Fears as to the welfare of the Church and their 
civil (charter) rights, if not subordinate to Classis — 
Clmrch of Kingston is subordinate — Proofs — Rev. Meyer 
attempting to introduce independence of the Church of 
Holland — Suspended for six weeks ; if not then penitent, 
to remain under censure until the Classis of Amsterdam 
gives its decision 4041-4045 

Feb. 13. Letter of the Convention to Rev. Meyer, informing him of 

their decision, his suspension, etc 4045 

13. Rev. Hermanns Meyer's reply — The untruths of their letters 

— His solemn protest against their unlawful proceedings 

— Requests not an imperfect extract, but the full minutes 

of their Convention 4046 

Mar. 14. Church of New York 4046 

18. Petition of the Presbyterians of New York to the King for 
a charter — Origin of the Wall Street church — Purchase 
of land by trustees (including certain officials in Scot- 
land) — Increase of the church — Majority of the inhabit- 
ants, Dutch and English, are Presbyterians; Gospel sup- 
ported by voluntary contributions; necessity of incorpora- 
tions; incorporations of churches of all denominations in 
New Jersey; applications to Governors lia^-e been refused, 

hence this application to the King 4046-4048 

Apr. 7. Classis receives letters from Rev. Laidlie ; from Consistory of 
New York, answer approved; and one from the German 

church of New York 4049 

7. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie — Hopes their let- 
ter to the Coetus of June 3, 1765, will convince them of the 
futility of their plans; glad the supply of ministers is so 
sufficient — Reference to possible union of the Coetus and 
Princeton in calling a Professor — Refusal of the Consist- 
ory of New York to appoint elders to the Conferentie — 
The elders' complaint that they have been ignored for 
years — Their right to counsel — Classis refuses to erase 
the names of the Coetus ministei's from their Register — 



xxvi Taule ok Co.ntkxts. 

1700. lAOE. 

References to the ilihnJTiTtion cxibting — Admonition to 
Kontlencss — Rev. Mt-yi-r hubjcct to tin- Classis — Admoni- 
tion not to l>c too (icttTiiiincd on teohnicaliti«*H — Refer- 
enco to De Ronde prfadiing in Knpli.sli — Misunderstand- 
ing of Classis about the Charter of Churc-h of New York — 
The civil oath- — I-^nvxiiit against the CootuH disapproved 

— Private meetinjxH — Letters from the "Dutch Party" 

— De Ronde's bot)k 4049 -4053 

April 7. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Archibald Laidlie — Refer- 
ences to his explanations of his course of action toward 

the two parties — His determination to remain neutral — 
Objectionable features in the Confcrentie part}- — The let- 
ters of the Consistory of 1754 and 1705 as to their atti- 
tude — The request of the Classis that he would cor- 
respond, meant " subordination " — Proofs — Classis does 
not wish to exercise " lordship " — Classis desires only to 
assist those churches which are oppressed, or disturbed 
in their rights, ecclesiastical or civil — Exhortation to 

confer with the Conferentie 4053-4056 

7. The Classis of Amsterdam to certain members of tiie Con- 
sistory of New York — Elders will not attend the Con- 
ferentie meetings, but hold themselves to the old r<^gime 

— But the Conferentie brethren are subordinate — Should 
unite, therefore, with them — They are charged with ambi- 
tion — But it is not ambition to resist those who seek to 
break the Church Order — Withdrawal from Classis en- 
dangers church property — Doubt as to their meaning 
about " permitting Ritzema to cease attending Conferen- 
tie meetings" — He must attend — Disrespectful remarks 
about De Ronde — The electors of Consistory, accordi'ig to 
the Charter — The contradictory position of the Consist- 
ory in keeping away from the meetings of the Conferentie 

— Exhortation to attend those meetings 4056-4058 

17. Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 

Gospel — Loss of missionaries by shipwreck. Dangers of 
the voyage — necessity of Bishops in America — Dangers 

of fanatical sects 4058 

May 12. Church of New York — Repairing the old church (Garden 
Street) — Rev. De Ronde wants more money for house 
rent " 4059 

12. Classis receives letters from Rev. W. Kuypers of Curacoa, 

and from Rev. Ritzema 4059 

17. Petition of Rev. G. D. Cock to Gov. Moore — His call and 
settlement at Camp — Labored to promote religion — Dis- 
pute at Kingston; invitation to help settle it — Forced to 
take a civil oath under penalty, though guilty of no mis- 
demeanor — Said ofTicer had no authority thus to act, but 
this was done for partizan church reasons — Sn id official 
exceeded his authority and should be punished 4059, 4060 



Table of Contents. 



XXV 11 



176G. PAGE. 

June 2. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers 4061 

17, 26, July 2. Church of New York — Repairing the Old 
Church — Income from property sufficient to pay the sal- 
aries of the Dutch ministers, without subscription.. 4061, 4062 
July 3. Rev. Lambertus De Ronde to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
His occasional preaching in English — Does not interfere 
with his duties to his Dutch congregation — Has given up 
meetings in private houses — His suspected un-orthodoxy 

— Does not know of any effort to call a Professor in con- 
junction with Princeton 4062-4065 

9. German Church of New York — Rev. Kern presented a 
statement of the rise and progress of the German church 

in this city — Account sent to London 4065 

10. Church of New York — Repairs of Old Church 4065 

22. Articles of accusation against the Elders and Deacons of 

the Dutch Church of New York — Ministers deny them. . . 4065 

4066 
Synodalia — Examination of the Minutes of the Synod 
by the Classis — Good wishes to the House of Orange — 
Nothing relating to New York, etc 4066 

29. Lords of Trade to Gov. Moore — Refer the " Petition of the 

Presbyterians to the King for a Charter " to the Governor 

of New York for his opinion, etc 4067 

July 29-Aug. 7. Synod of North Holland — Pennsylvania churches 
warned not to organize Classes — Act of 1763 relating to 
New York and New Jersey 4067 

Aug. 5. Church of New York — Repairs to the Old Church. . . 4067, 4068 
13. Opponents of Rev. Meyer to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Rev. Meyer had called a meeting of all the Dutch churches 
for May 8, 1766 — Only members of the Coetus attended 

— Acts of the Kingston Consistory (October, 1765) con- 
demned and Rev. ISIeyer justified — Call sent for another 
minister for Kingston 4068 

20. Church of New York — Repairs of the Old Church 4068 

21. Rev. Meyer to Classis of Amsterdam — Complains of the ill- 

treatment of the Consistory, and of Cock, Fryenmoet, etc. 

— Private answer to be sent 4068 

23. Cornelius Clopper of New York to Classis of Amsterdam 

about minister for Kingston 4000 

25. Church of New York — Marriage with deceased wife's sister 

condemned 4069 

Sept. 1. Classis receives letters from Rev. Rysdyk and Rev. Meyer. . 4069 

30, Oct. 2. Church of New York — Attempt to make peace in 

the congregation of New York 4069. 4070 

Oct. 6. Classis approves a letter to Rev. Isaac Rysdyk 4070 

6. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Isaac Rysdyk — Documents 
relating to the Meyer trial had been received — Action of 
the Convention censuring Meyer ratified — If he continues 
to refuse subordination should be removed, and another 



xxviii Taiu.k of Contknts. 

170«. lAOE. 

juit Ml lilt pliico — \ft ilic liri'tliron nliouM try to win him, 
n« liis cliiiractrr is oxcpllcnt — Mfvor will Ik* privately 

writl<>n to 4070, 4071 

Orl. n. 15. ("hurrh of New York — 12 Articles propcmed by the 
Consistory to settle the dispute in said church; 10 Arti- 
cles |)re'*ente.l by the Dutch Party 4071^073 

16. 21. Churcli of New York — Possible for the parties to 

unite under moderate counsels — Election of new Con- 
sistory, accordinp to usage, and the Charter, by the Old 

Consistory — Repairs 4073, 4074 

Nov. 10. First Charter of Queen's College 4074 

11. Petition for a Charter for the Dutch cliurches of Marble- 
town, etc.. in Ulster County 4074, 407.5 

24. Church of New York — Publication of bans of marriage — 

Record of baptisms — The organ — P.salm books 4075 

Dec. 2. Classis receives letters from Rev. Fryenmoet and Cock; also 

from Rev. Meyer 407G 

8, 15. Church of New York — Repairs — ISOO English Psalm- 
books with the catechism and Liturgj', to be published. . . . 4076 

22. Revs. Frj-enmoet, Cock and Rysdyk to the Classis of Amster- 
dam, respecting churches of Rhinel>eck and Red Hook — 
A new call sent to Holland — Minister must be anti- 
Coetus — No Confercntie meeting in fall of 17G6, on ac- 
count of opposition of Coetus party in the churches — 
Would not allow appointment of Elders — Opposition of 
Rev. Laidlie and New York Consistory — Affairs at King- 
ston — Ask that ordinations may be performed in America 

— New Church organized at Red Hook 4076, 4077 

Other items in 1766 4077, 4078 

1767. 

Jan. 1, 15. Appointment of Jolni Montayne as sexton, etc. — Duties 
in respect to church services in general ; duties in behalf 
of the Consistory; duties in connection with funerals — 
Terms of the contract — Baptisms, etc 4078-4080 

Feb. 4. Rev. Hermanus Meyer to the ministers who had attempted 
to censure him — Their sentence annulled by an Assembly 

of the American Church 4080 

5. The Convention which tried Rev. Meyer, per Rev. Isaac 
Rysdyk, to the Classis of Amsterdam — Had received 
Classical letter of Oct. 6, 1766; had tried to placate Rev. 
Meyer, but in vain — Had sent over a call from Kingston 
for another minister 4080, 4081 

17. Further efforts of the Presbyterians for a church charter — 

Desire to submit facts to the Governor 4081 

18. Thirteen members of the Church of New York to the Classis 

of Amsterdam — Their letter to Consistory of April 7, 
1766, was received — Not an answer to Consistory's letter 
of Oct. 20, 1765 — Classis misinformed by Rev. De Ronde 

— Requests Classis to compare it with letter from Eev. 



Table of Contents. xxix 

PAGE. 

Ritzema and Laidlie — Lawsuit against the Consistory, 
by the " Dutch Party," decided against them — Rev. 
Laidlie's successful ministry — Another church building 

needed 4081, 4082 

y. Church of New York — A committee requested to try to 

make peace with the " Dutch Party " 4082, 4083 

24. History of attempts to secure Church Charters (in part) — 
Requests from the Lutherans, New York City, Feb. 8, 
1759; from the Presbyterians, New Y'^ork City, March 30, 
1759; from the Dutch Church of Orange (Tappan), Feb. 
9, 17G3; from the French Church, New York City, March 
16, 1763; second petition from the Lutherans, Sept. 9, 
1763, and rejected — Only Reformed Dutch and Episcopa- 
lian churches have received Charters — Presbyterian ap- 
plication rejected — Notes: An Episcopate in America; 
William Livingston's opinion; Bishop White on Sectarian 

Jealousies in the Colony in 1767 — See Aug. 26, 1767 4083 

4084 
4. Call for a meeting of the Trustees of Queen's College, ap- 
pointed by the Charter of Nov. 10, 1766 4085, 4086 

6. Classis approves letters to Surinam, New York (to the 

Conferentie), to Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers of Curacoa... 4086 
6. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie — Sends Acts of 

Synod to them 4086, 4087 

6. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers — Sends 

Acts of Synod 4087 

27. Church of New York — Remains neutral in reference to the 
Coetus and Conferentie — Subscriptions for another 
church building 4087, 4088 

4. Classis receives letters from New York, of Feb. 18, 1767; 

one from Fryenmoet, Kok and Rysdyk of Dec. 22, 1766, 
with a call from Kingston 4088 

5, 6. Acts of the Conferentie — Letter of Classis of April 7, 

1765, read — Proposals for union with the Coetus — The 
Conferentie to the Coetus — The Coetus must subordinate 
itself to Classis; delegates to consider terms must have 
been regularly ordained ; the treatment of others must be 
subsequently arranged for: future ordinations will be 
provided, for fit subjects — A joint meeting on these 
terms to be held in October — Nothing partizan to be 

done, meanwhile, on either side 4088, 4089 

11,25. Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Third 

Church building 4089, 4090 

9, 10. Gov. Moore to the Earl of Shelburne — Complaints of 
the Society for Propagating the Gospel, against the Gov- 
ernor, concerning their rights in certain lands in north- 
ern Vermont — Rights of the Church reserved — The Gov- 
ernor builds a church; townships laid out for Trinity 
Church and for Kings College 4090-4092 



XXX Taulk ok Coxtents. 

17G7. PAGE. 

June 12, 18. Churoh of Ntw York — 'lliird ("Iivirch building t^'ul'"" 

Street] 4093 

July Synodicrtl congratulutions to tin- ilouso of Orange — New 

York and New Jersey 4093 

6. Remonstrance of tlie " Dutch Parly " against preaching in 

English presented to the Governor — Review of privileges 
of the Dutch C:hurch, by terms of treaty, 1004; by charter 
of New Y'ork Cliurch, lG!)(i; and by Act of 1753 — Griev- 
ances: The English party petitioned for an English- 
Bpeaking minister; protest against it, founded on Slst 
Article of Church Government; that by calling an Eng- 
lish minister they have broken the Constitution; they 
have forced a minister on a congregation against the will 
of a majority; that they have not legally laid out the 
moneys accruing from the sale of lands of the Manor of 
Fordham; that the lands of Ilarpending lie waste, and 
part of them are to be used for building an English 
church; that Dutch catechising had been forbidden; that 
Dutch education is neglected; that Dutch is not used in 
the forenoon service in the New Church (Cedar Street); 
that the English party is lording it over the Dutch party; 
that they are seeking to misajjpropriate the funds given 
for Dutch ministers to an Eiigli.sli minister — They desire 
the Governor's decision and relief — (See Sept. 4).. 4094, 4095 
10. Report of the Lords of Trade against granting a Charter to 

the Presbyterian Church of New York City (Wall Street). 4095 

4096 
21. Church of New York — The Dutch Party presented to the 
Consistory a copy of their petition of July 6 to the Gov. 
ernor — Building of a third church 4096 

July 28-Aug. 6. Synod of North Holland — Reformed German 
Church's views of the necessity of ordaining ministers in 
America — No report on New York 4090-^098 

Aug. 26. King's Order, in Council, dismissing the Petition of the 

Presbyterian Church for a charter — (See March 24, 1767). 4098 

4099 

Sept. 4, 10. Church of New Y'ork — Governor requires an answer 
of Consistory to the Complaint of the "Dutch Party," 
of July 6 — Such answer to be made 4099, 4100 

7. Classis approves letters concerning Poughkeepsie ; to the 

Convention at Kingston; to the Consistory of New York.. 4100 
Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Curacoa — 

Request information about Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers 4100 

Oct. 6, 7. Acts of the Conferentie — The case of Van Hoevenberg — 
The answ^er of the Coetus to the proposals for union un- 
satisfactory to the Conferentie — Ministers requested for 
North Branch (Readington) and Tappan — Letter ap- 
proved to the Classis 4101, 4102 



Table of Conte^SiTs, xxxi 

1767. PAOE. 

Oct. 7. The Conferentie to the Classis of Amsterdam — Reference 
to their efforts for union with the Coetus — Surprise at 
no allusion by the Classis to the calls made — Reference 
to the divided churches — Their plan of a Professor in 
Kings College versus the plan of the Coetus for a Pro- 
fessor in a College in Xew Jersey, prepared by the Uni- 
versity of Utrecht — Rev. Cornelius Blaaw has united 
■svith the Conferentie — Revs, Westerlo and Boelen are not 

allowed to join by their people 4102, 4103 

15. Church of New York — New Consistory elected 4103 

Nov. 9. Church of New York — Request by the Governor for answer 
to the complaint of the Dutch Party made July 6, 1767 — 
Title page and Preface to the Psalm Book adopted.. 4103, 4104 
11. Answer to the Remonstrance of the Dutch Party, of July 6 

— Facts relating to the call of an English-speaking min- 
ister — Charter of 1696 — Consistory has always elected 
their own successors — This never questioned until 1762 

— Disuse of Dutch language and loss to the church — 
Necessity of Preaching in English — Petition of 265 per- 
sons to call an English minister, subject to the Dutch 
Constitution — Consultation with Great Consistory — 
Advised to call such minister on condition he should be 
supported by voluntary contributions, and not from the 
estates given for Dutch ministers — Subscription largely 
in excess of necessity. 

Consistory then sought advice from Classis of Amster- 
dam, according to custom, although living in English do- 
minions — The Dutch Party protested against the de- 
signs of the Consistory, although many names in his Pro- 
test were of doubtful origin — They also complained to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — The Classis approved the plans 
of the Consistory, and wrote to the Dutch Party that their 
opposition was ill-advised — This advice kept secret — 
Only then was Rev. Mr. Laidlie called, and the results 
have been highly favorable — The Dutch Party then 
claimed the right to vote for Consistorymen — Upon re- 
fusal, began a suit, but the verdict was against them; 
yet now petition the Governor. 

Their reference to Article 51 unjust — Had only refer- 
ence to the French refugees — Their reference to Article 
86 is misleading — No minister has been forced upon the 
church — The Consistory has invested most of the pro- 
ceeds of the Manor of Fordham in real estate; the rest is 
secure, waiting for opportunities — The reference to non- 
catechising in Dutch not true; as well as that about the 
Dutch School; also about two English services in the new 
church — The facts of the case — One Consistory acts for 



XXXll I Altl K OI* I ONTKNTS. 

1707. r.\OE. 

l)o(h partic.H — ^ I h<> Dutch rnrty only ono fourth of the 
whole — Other pxplnnntions — Proceed iiip^s of the Consist- 
ory have all been perfectly rcpular. 

Tlie petition of the Dutch Party dinmissed, Nov. 11, 

17(17, in Council —(See April 20. 1705) 4104 4108 

Nov. 28. Classis of Amsterdam to the Consihtory of New York, or 
thirteen members of the same — In reply to their letter of 
Feb. IS — Rejoiced that discords are ceasing; that the 
lawsuit has resulted in favor of Consistory; that the work 
of Rev. Laidlie was prospering 4108 

28. Classis of Amsterdam to the Revs. Frycnmoct, Kok and 
Rysdyk — Hope that all the disputes may cease — Seek- 
ing to fill the call for a minister from the churches of 
the Flats and Red Hook — Classis is not willing to allow 
ordinations in America 4109 

28. Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Conventus held at King- 
ston — Case of Rev. Meyer — Approve of his removal 

from Kingston — Will seek to supply his place 4109, 4110 

Dec. 3. Sir Wni. Johnson to the Earl of Shelburne — Missionaries 

for the Indians — Prospect of a Bishopric in America... 4110 

17. Cluirch of New York — Accounts for printing the first 

P.salm Book in English 41 10 

Lutheran Church in New York City from 1707 to 1850 4110 

4111 
1768. 
Feb. 22, Mar. 31. Church of New York — Building a third church.. 4111 

4112 
Mar. 25. Classis of Amsterdam to the Chartered Society for Surinam 

— About parsonages and slaves for each parsonage ; sup- 
port of ministers' widows; Dutch and French churches.. 4112 

4113 
28. Hon. Wm. Livingston to Rev. Samuel Cooper — In reference 
to Bishops in America — Articles to be published on the 

subject — The American Whig 4113, 4114 

Apr. 11. Classis of Amsterdam appoints a Special Committee to de- 
vise a Plan of Union for the Dutch churches in America 

— Classis receives a letter from the German church under 
Rev. John M. Kern, of New York, asking assistance toward 

the building of their church 4114, 4115 

18. Rev. Samuel Cooper to Hon. Wm. Livingston — In reference 

to Bishops in America — The American Whig — Civil 

and religious liberty 4115, 4116 

May 2. Classis writes to St. Eustatius — The Plan of Union for 
the New York churches — The case of Rev. Warmoldus 
Kuypers — Letter to Rev. Mr. Kern approved — Rev. 

Warmoldus Kuypers and church of Curacoa 4116-4118 

18. Anglican Church at Albany — Petition for a Charter 4118 



Table of CoNTEiSTs. xxxiii 

1768. PAGE. 

June 2. Classis approves letters to the Conferentie and the Coetus, 
in reference to a Plan of Union — Requests delay of ac- 
tion by the parties in New York — Plan of Union to be 
submitted first to the Synod for its approval — Action in 
reference to the case of Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers.. 4118, 4119 
6. Classis further considers the case of Rev. Warmoldus Kuy- 
pers — His sentence of suspension by the Consistory re- 
versed — Classis receives a letter from Church of New 
York, dated Oct. 7, 1767. 

Report on a PLAN OF UNION for the churches of 
New York — • Importance of modifying former action of 
1763 — Evident that the Conferentie will have to follow 
the course of the Coetus — Importance of preserving botli 
parties to sound doctrine — Great multiplication of the 
Dutch population — The change to the English language 

— Dutch ministers from Holland of little use — Candi- 
dates cannot be sent to Holland in sufficient numbers — 
Undesirable to send them to other denominational institu- 

I tions — The great necessity of healing the schism now 

existing in the Dutch churches — The Coetus brethren 
have obtained a Charter for an Academy for themselves 

— This will entirely separate them from the Netherland 
Church — Hence a letter should be written to each party 
earnestly exhorting them to Union, and to forgive all the 
past; with intimations of what the Classis and Synod 
are doing — The Coetus is to be requested to delay in 
establishing their Academy — The project of a Union 
with Princeton, for educational purposes alone, should be 
duly considered — A Theological Professorship should be 
there established with a Professor from Holland — The 
Netherland Form of Church Government and Doctrines 
should be adopted — A close bond of connection with the 
Netherland Church should be maintained — The term 
" Subordination " should be changed into " Close Alli- 
ance ; " but the names " Classes " and " Synods " should 
not be adopted — Neighboring ministers and churches 
should form a " Conventus ", for business ; and once a 
year a " General Coetus " might be held, consisting of 
delegates from the several " Conventus " — This body 
should have the right to examine and ordain, provided a 

; Theological Professor Iiad a seat therein — The Acts of 
this " General Coetus " to be yearly transmitted to Hol- 
land, which should give paternal and fraternal sugges- 
tions — Such is the tentative " Plan of Union " — This 
Plan to be submitted to the Synod for its approval — 
Copies sent, tentatively, to the Coetus and the Con- 
ferentie 4119-4125 



xxxiv r.MUj: or Contknts. 

1708. lAQE. 

June t>. Jill- Cliiffi'^ <>f AmHfcriliiin lo tli<- ( onfiToiit ir TIh- dpsirfl 
of the C'lnssiH for the preservation of the refeivcd 
" Church Order " — Klnhorating a " Plan of Union " for 
the fhnrclu',4 of New York and New .Fersry — Katilication 
of the Synod to be Bought — Request for dehiy of any 
efforts in New York — A copy of this letter also sent to 

the Coetus 4 128 

(I. The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus — Contents samf* 

as preceding letter 4126 

July 18. 2S. Tlu' case of Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers — He is restored 
and allowed to preach — Synodalia: Reports to 
Synod 4126^128 

July 26-Aug. 4. Synod of North Holland — Classis of Amsterdam 
reported their action in reference to the churches of 
New Y'ork and New Jersey, of June G — (Here is re- 
corded the Action of the Classis of June <>, but in a differ- 
ent translation ) 4128^130 

Aug. 23. Church of New York — The third building 4130 

Synodalia: The item about Plan of Union of Classis 
for New Y'ork churches, of June G, was found in ^linutes 
of Synod 4130 

Sept. 5. Acts of the Deputies — Case of Rev. Kuypers — Case of 
New Y'ork churches — Action of the Classis — Rev. Kuy- 
pers regularly dismissed from church of Curacoa — The 
delegates to Synod reported that the Plan of Union for 
New Y'ork churches was acceptable to Synod — An outline 
of Plan of Union to be sent to the Coetus and Conferentie, 
while being considered by the several Classes of the 
Synod of North Holland — Advice from the Coetus and 
Conferentie sought thereon 4130-4132 

Oct. 3. Directors of West India Co. desire to see action of Classis 
on case of Rev. W. Kuypers — Classis only willing to read 
their action to them — Classis approves letters to the 
Conferentie and to the Coetus^ of almost the same con- 
tents 4132, 4133 

3. Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Letters 
of Oct. 7, 1767, and April 12, 1768, received — Unable 
yet to fill their calls for Kingston, The Flats and Red 
Hook — Former intimations of a Plan of Union — Neces- 
sity of modifying action of 1763 — This approved by the 
representatives of the State — The delegates of the 
Classes requested to approve it — Had not been delegated 
for this — They request that it be sent down to the 
Classes — Necessity of Union — Charter for a separate 
College in New Jer.sey — Responsibilities thereof — Pos- 
sibility of union with Princeton — Advantages — Dutch 
Theological Professors — Conditions for candidates — 
Subscription to Netherland Church Order — Subordination 



Table of Contents. xxxv 

1768. PAGE. 

versus Close Union — Smaller Assemblies to be called 
" Conventus " ; the larger Assembly, a " General Coetus " 
— Certified copies of this meeting to be sent to Holland — 
Request the consideration of this Plan of Union while 
under consideration of Synod and Classes in Holland. 4133-4135 
Oct. 3. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie of Xew York (see 

preceding letter) 4135 

13, 20, Xov. 4, Dec. 20. Church of New York — Vaults — 
Trustees for the revenues of the North Church (Fulton 
Street) appointed — Request for a second English-speak- 
ing minister — Dr. Livingston to be called 4135, 4136 

Special items in 1768 4137, 4138 

1769. 

Jan. 10. Acts of the Deputies of the Classis with the Directors of 

West India Company regarding salary of Rev. Kuypers. 4138 

4139 

Mar. 20. Church of New York — Pews — The new Psalm Book — 
" Coat of Arms " of Harpending, to be hung in the New 

Church 4139, 4140 

21. Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — Arrival 
of Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers — Proposed "Plan of Union" 
reviewed — Objections to the recognition of the Coetus 
on equal terms — Queens College, or union with the 
Presbyterians in their college — Predicted effects of an 
American Classis — Subordination not objectionable — 
Close Union with the Netherlands — Benefit of a Pro- 
fessorship in Kings College — Its Episcopal character not 
objectionable — Their willingness for the Dutch to have 
a Professor of Theology — The conduct of the Coetus 
brethren in reference to the Plan of Union — The 
churches of Kingston and North Branch (Readington) 

desire ministers 4140-4145 

29. 30. Churches of New York — Resolution to call Dr. Living- 
ston as a second English preacher — The Call 4145, 4146 

31. Church of New York to the Professors of the High School 
and to the Classis of Amsterdam — Necessity of English 
preaching — Their call of Dr. Livingston — His voice to 
be tested before presenting the call to him 4146, 4147 

April 3. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie — Reference to 
the letters of June 6 and Oct. 3 — The proposed Plan of 
Union — Rev. Warmoldus Kuypers 4147 

14. Church of New York — Complaint against domine De Ronde 

for performing a marriage without license 4147, 4148 

15. Consistory of Kingston to Cornelius Clopper — Their long 

waiting for a pastor from Holland — Desire return of 

their blank call 4148, 4149 

29. An heir of Harpending desires a donation — Granted 4149 



xxxvi Taiuk of Contents. 

ITfiO. PAcr. 

May 'J. 11. 1(1. liiiis i,,r ii;it iinili/inj; nil rrotoHtants; panned — 
Itill for incorpnratiiifj all ProU-Hlant cliurch«'« north of 
Dutiluss and I'lstor <<Minfios; rejected — IJill to exempt 
payment of olnirch rates in the lower eoiintics; rejected. 4140 

4150 

3. The ("oetus to (lie Confcrcntie — Request for u?iion on Plan 

proposed by ('lassis — (See May 0) 4150 

3, 4, 30. Clmreh of New York — Plan for .selling and renting 
pews in Fulton Street church — The Plan of Union — 
( See May 9 ) 4151, 4152 

5. Coetus of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — Grati- 
tude for letters of June G and Oct 3, 1708, proposing Plan 
of Union; and for continued alliance with Holland — 
Attempt to get a meeting of Coetus and Conferentie — 
Defeated by Kitzcma — Had corresponded w ith Consistory 
of New York on the subject — Educational union with 
Princeton hedged with difficulties — The Dutch more 
able to sustain an Academy than any other denomination 
— Coetus has opposed introduction of ministers into 
elmrches contrary to the wish of the churcli — Trusts 
the Classis will do the same — Sad case of Rev. Her- 
manus Meyer at Kingston 4153, 4154 

5. Certain members of the Conferentie to the Classis of 
Amsterdam — Thank the Classis for Plan of Union — 
They wished it had first been sent to America before sub- 
mission to the Synod — Regretted inability of Confer- 
entie to meet with the Coetus 4154, 41.55 

9. Rev. John Ritzcma to tlie Classis of Amsterdam — His 
ideas of the Plan of Union — Objectionable features — 
Opposition of other members of Conferentie to Ritzema's 
views — His attempt to prevent the coming of Confer- 
entie ministers to a meeting with the Coetus — Their 
separate letter to the Classis — The effort of the Coetus 
to obtain a joint meeting — Their appeal to the New 
Y'ork Consistory to compel Ritzema to come to terms — 
Letter of Coetus to New York Consistory of May 4, offer- 
ing to cooperate Avith the Consistory for peace — Com- 
plimented by President of Consistory (Laidlie) — Opposi- 
tion of Ritzema — Contest with his colleagues — Reply 
of Consistory to letter of Coetus — Second letter of Coetus 
to New York Consistory — The duty of all to labor for 
union — The question of the Academy to be treated after 
the Union — Coetus willing to take the Plan of Classis — 
The Coetus would prefer the regular ecclesiastical name.^ 
of " Synod " and " Classes " — The relation of the Theo- 
logical Professor to the Assemblies — Continued contest 
between Ritzema and his colleagues — Ritzema's sugges- 
tion that each one write separately to Classis — Consist- 



Table of Contents. xxxvii 

1769. PAGE. 

ory refuses — Reply of Consistory to Coetus — Ritzema's 
final determination to stick to the Constitution — His 
remarks on the (alleged) fanaticism of the times — The 
different churches — Charges ministers with ignor- 
ance 4155-4159 

May 11. Consistory of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Sorry for the failure of a meeting of Coetus and Con- 
ferentie — Urge the Classis to persevere in its efforts 
for peace and union — Certain changes in Plan suggested: 
no union with Princeton College or Kings College — The 
united parties should choose a Professor — Holland can- 
not furnish English-speaking ministers — That the names 
of Convention and Coetus should be changed to Synod 
and Classis — Possible union with the German church of 
Pennsylvania — Plan of Classis generally acceptable — 
Church of New York is neutral in the schism — Ritzema 

excused from this meeting 4159, 4160 

12. Cornelius Clopper to the Classis of Amsterdam — Arrival 
of Rev. Warnioldus Kuypers — Kingston requested their 
blank call to Classis to be returned — Urges Classis to 
find a minister for Kingston 4161 

June 5. John H. Livingston asks for preparatory examination — 
Classis reads a letter from Ritzema of March 29 — Re- 
ferred, for report — Examination of John Livingston — 
His licensure to preach 4162, 4183 

July 3. Church of New York — The Dutch ministers asked to preach 
in the North Church until a second English minister 

should be called — Ritzema willing; De Ronde, not 4163 

17. Acts of the Deputies — Call of Rev. John Livingston, to 
New York as fourth minister, second English minister — 
Report to Classis — Classis receives letters from Cor. 
Clopper of New Y'ork; from certain members of the Con- 
ferentie; from the Coetus; from Consistory of New York; 
from Rev. Ritzema — Ultimatum of Classis of Amster- 
dam to the Synod respecting New York 4164, 4185 

Synodalia — Classis awaits the action of Synod on New 
York and New Jersey 4168 

July 25-Aug. 3. Synod of North Holland — The Dutch Coetus had 
sought union with the German Coetus for the benefit of 
the Dutch Academy — Christian F. Foering seeks examina- 
tion in Synod praises German Coetus for refusing union 
with New York Coetus — Classis of Amsterdam urged to 
effect union of parties in New York 4166, 4167 

Aug. 21. Church of New York — Domine De Ronde in dispute with 

his elders 4167, 4168 

Sept. 4. Classis of Amsterdam receives advice of Synod respecting 
disputes in New York — Classis will write to the Coetus, 
to the Conferentie, and to the Consistory of New York, 



xxxviii Table of Contents. 

ITC.P. TAOK. 

thnt n rinu of Union i." in process of preparation — I>cUor 
npprovo<I — .Tolin Livinpfton nnd the call to New 

Vork 4168, 4109 

Sept. 4. Tlie C'lasPiB of Amstonlnm to llie C'-octuH, to the Confor- 
cntip, nn*! to (ho T'onsistory of New York — Proposed 

Plan of Union 41(19 

11. '2ft. 27. Uimr.li of New York — Domino Do Ronde com 

plnined of for performing a certain marriii^re 4109-4171 

Oct. 2. John Livingston 4171 

10. Nov. 7. Chnrcli of New York — TreaHuror — lyotter received 
from Jolm H. Livingston — Consi.story urges him to come 

over soon 4171, 4172 

Nov. 17. Petition for a ("liarter ff>r tlie Newburgh yXnglican Miasion — 

Granted 4172 

20. Church of New York to Kev. Jolin H. Living.ston — Regret 

that he cannot come over sooner — Urge him to hasten.. 4172 

4173 

Other items in 17G0 — Similar items. 1770-1774 4173, 4174 

1770. 
Jan. 9. John IT. Livingston — Classis of Amsterdam proposes to 
transfer the whole business about Now York and New 
Jersey to the Synod — Classis returns Kingston's call to 

Mr. Clopper — Letter to him approved 4174, 4175 

9. Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus; to the Conferentie; 
and to the Consistory of New Y'ork — The Classes of the 
Synod of North Holland voted not to allow the Classis of 
Amsterdam to settle matters in New Y'ork — Must await 

action of Synod 4175 

9. Classis of Amsterdam to Cornelius Clopper — No pastor 

yet found for Kingston — Their call returned 4175 

S-27. Various Efforts to repeal or amend the ministry Act 
of 109.3 — Defeated in the Council— (See April 20, 1777, 

and April 17, 1784) 4176, 4177 

11-27. Slight Amendment to the Ministry Act of 169.3 — Change 

of time of electing officers 4177, 4178 

12-25. Proposed Act to exempt Protestants from compulsory 
Church rates — Defeated in the Council — (See April 20, 

1777, and April 17, 1784) 4178 

12-20. Proposed Act to enable any Protestant congregation to 

hold property — Defeated in the Council 4178, 4179 

16, 18. Proposed bills for naturalizing Jews; to take away dis- 
abilities from Quakers 4179 

22. Church of New York — Various items — Peter Louw, 

chorister in North Church 4180 

Feb. 15. Anglican churches at Jamaica, Newtown and Flushing, 
L. I. — Rev. Mr. Bloomer to the Secretary of Society — 
Inefficiency of the Ministry Act — Sues his parish for his 
salary — Dissenters oppose an Anglican minister.. 4180, 4181 



Table of Contents. xxxix 

1770. PAGE. 

Feb. 21. Lieut. Gov. Colden to the Earl of Hillsborough — Laws 
passed by the Assembly against compulsory church rates, 
rejected by the Council 4181 

Mar. 15. Church of New York — Fulton Street Church 4181 

April 1. Chassis receives letter from Rev. Dr. John Rodgers — 
Rev. John H. Livingston accepts call to Xew York — Ex- 
amined and ordained for the church of New York. . .4182, 4183 
9. Church of New York — Letter from Classis of Sept. 4, 
1769, states that a "Plan of Union" will be sent over — 
Governor petitioned for a patent of 24,000 acres, on same 

terms as given to the Anglican Church — Granted 4183 

16. Anglican Church at Newburgh petition for a Charter — 

Granted 4183, 4184 

30. Church of New York petition for another patent in Glou- 
cester county 4184 

May 10, 30. Church of New York — Rev. Dr. Livingston accepts 

their call — Clock given for Tower of North Clmrch. 4184, 4185 

June 2. Reports of the Lords of Trade on the application of Kings 
College, New York for the privileges of a University, 
and for remission of certain quit rents — Sketch of Dr. 

Cooper 4185 

14. Church of New York 4186, 4187 

July Christianized Indians want a missionary to instruct them. . . 4187 

4188 
Synodalia: Classis receives report from the sevei'al Classes 
of the Synod of North Holland; not allowed to act inde- 
pendently in reference to the schism in New York — 
Classis resigns control of affairs in New York; leaves 
everything to the Synod; surrenders all correspondence 
on the subject to the Synod — Classis receives a letter 
from the Presbyterian Synod of New York for the Synod 
of North Holland — (See Sept. 3) 4188, 4189 

July 31-Aug. 9. Synod of North Holland — Rev. Christian F. Foer- 
ing allowed to become pastor of certain churches — Acts 
of the Classis on New York and New Jersey — Classis of 
Amsterdam informs Synod that it relinquishes case of 
New York churches — Synod requests Classis to keep 
oversight of those churches — The letter from Presby- 
terian Synod of New York, asking correspondence — Re- 
port on Dr. Livingston's ordination and settlement. 4189, 4190 

Aug. 13, 20. Church of New York — Letter received from Dr. Liv- 
ingston respecting his arrival — Church receives a grant 
from the Governor of the " Township of Leyden " — Trus- 
tees transfer title to Consistory 4190, 4191 

Sept. 3. Classis delivers the Latin letter from the Presbyterian 
Synod of New York to the Synod of North Holland — 

Answer sent 4191 

6. Church of New York — Arrival of Dr. John II. Livingston. 4191 



xl Tahi.k ok Contents. 

1770. PAGE. 

Oit. 1. tlassjs resolves to net on tlic H\i^'f,'<'.-^ti«iii of the Synod of 

.Inly 31, and earry on ncf,'otiatioi!s for |)eaee in New 
York as soon as tlicy li'arn (unofTieially ) the action of tlie 

several Classes 4 1 02 

10. Consistory of Kingston to Classis of Amsterdam 4192 

JOHN, LOUD DIXMOKK, (JOVKHNOR. OCT. 19, 1770-1771. 

25. Church of New York — Address to the new Governor, tlie 

Earl of Dunmore; with his reply 4193 

1771. 
.Ian. 7. *<, 26. Bills proposed for any Protestant church in Albany 
county to hold real estate — Passes in House — Defeated 
in Council 4193 

8. All the Classes of Synod of North Holland consent to au- 
thorizing Classis of Amsterdam to settle finally affairs of 
New Y'ork — Letter of church of New York of May 11, 
1769, read — Answer approved — Letters to the Coetus, 
to Conferentie, to Rev. Ritzema approved 4194 

8. Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — 
Ordination of John H. Livingston — Certificate of Ordi- 
nation — Congratulations to the church — Action of the 
Synod and the Classes — Exhortation to persevere in 
efforts for peace — Sorry at the failure of the parties to 
meet — Ritzema's position — Joy that the Classical Plan 
of Union is approved — No union with Princeton — Dis- 
approve of union with Kings College — Professors should 
be appointed — Conditions of licensure — The names 
" Synod " and " Classis " not allowed — Difficulties of 
union of the Dutch and German churches 4194, 4195 

8. Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New Y'ork, Jan. 8, 
1771 — Action of the Synod and the Classes — Sorry at 
the failure of the parties to meet — Great cost of running 
an Academy — Relinquish imion with Princeton — Pro- 
fessors should be appointed — *' Close relation " versus 
"Close ecclesiastical relations" — Object to the use of 
words " Synod " and " Classes " — Supposed evil results — 
Refused to dismiss Rev. Meyer from Kingston — Their 
disinterested desire for the welfare of the American 
churches 4196. 4197 

8. Classis of Amsterdam to the Conferentie of New Y''ork — 
Various letters received — All referred to the Synod — 
The letters of the Conferentie and of Rev. Ritzema pre- 
vented peace — Classis about to relinquisli the whole busi- 
ness — The Synod requested us to persevere — The xmcer- 
tain position of Rev. Ritzema — Classis doubts the repre- 
sentations of the Conferentie — If they desire peace, why 
refuse the fraternal hand 4197. 4198 



Table of Contents. xli 

1771. PAGE. 

Jan. 21. Church of New York — Petition in behalf of Van der 

Sman — Various items 4198, 4199 

26. Council fails to act on Bill from the Assembly allowing 
all churches in county of Albany to hold real estate for 

church support 4199 

April 8. Letters to New York dated Jan. 8, have been sent 4200 

29, May 6, 19, 20. Church of New lork — Rules about the 
Lord's Supper — Family Visitation — Doctrine — Re- 
pairs — Chorister 4200, 4201 

June 3. Rev. Henry G. Brower ordained — Letter from Kingston 

read in Classis 4201 

9. Church of New York — Repairs 4201, 4202 

July 8, 15. Church of New York — Settlement of the Land granted 
to the Church, the "Township of Leyden " — Address to 
Governor Tryon — His reply 4202, 4203 

WILLIAM TRYON, LAST ROYAL GOVERNOR. JULY 9, 1771-1777. 

21. Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Kingston — Had 

not been able to find a minister for them — Unwilling 
also formally to dismiss Rev. Meyer, at present, on ac- 
count of the prospects of peace between the Coetus and 
Conferentie — Free to seek a pastor for themselves 4204 

22. Letter to Church of Kingston approved by Classis 4204, 4205 

24. Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — Com- 
plains of the charges that he is responsible for the failure 

to secure peace — Declares it not true that nine-tenths of 
the people are in favor of the Classical Plan of Union; 
that Rev. Laidlie says subordination is absurd; that he 
himself stands in no special relationship to the Episco- 
palians, because of his being a Director in Kings College 
— He submits a Plan of Union of his own ; that all corre- 
spondence heretofore be burned; that a " Netherland 
Church in North America subordinate to the Classis of 
Amsterdam and the Synod " be organized ; that all German 
and Dutch churches be invited to send delegates; that all 
sign the Formula; of Unity; that a Professor of Theology 
be called from Holland, to have no connection with the 
Presbyterians or Episcopalians; that the Assembly shall 
be divided into bodies according to the provinces, with 
delegates exchanged; that the Classis and Synod shall de- 
cide whether those ordained by the Coetus shall be re- 
ordained 4205, 4206 

July 30-Aug. 8. Acts of the Synod of North Holland — All the 
Classes of this Synod have agreed to leave the settlement 
of the Affairs of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Action of the Synod last year referred to, requesting the 
several Classes to report their views directly to Classis 
of Amsterdam — That Classis resumes oversight of 



xlii Taui.k ok Contents. 

1771. PAQE. 

churches of New York — Tlioir letters to the Coctua, to 
the Conferentio nnd to the Consistory of New York, pro- 
poHinp. tcntntivoly. a Plun of Tnion; that they could not 
allow the use of the nniiu-a " Classis " and "Synod"; 
th.nt the union with the German Churrh belongs to the 
Synods of North nnd South Holland; that they must give 
up their Plan of an Academy; that a Professor of The- 
olopj' should be called from Holland; that they should 
earnestly strive to unite in love and peaci; — No reply 
from New York yet received — Letter of Presbyterian 

Synod had been answered 4207, 4208 

Synodalia — Orange Nassau — The report of Classis is in- 
serted in Minutes of Synod 4'208 

Sept. 4. Church of New York — Plans for settling "Township of 
Leyden " — Invitation by Circular Letter to all the 

churches to a General Convention 4208, 4209 

Oct. 8. Church of New York — Answers to the Circular Letter — 
Delegates appointed to the Convention — Consideration of 
the Form of Government — Conditions of subscription by 
the New York delegates to the Plan of Union — Domine 
De Ronde to preach a sermon of welcome to the Conven- 
tion, with earnest wishes for a blessing 4209, 4210 

9. Church of New York — Deacons' money 4210 

15-18. General Convention of the Reformed Church in New 

York — " ARTICLES OF UNION " adopted 4210-4218 

15-18. The "CHURCH-ORDER-' now formally adopted.. 4218^226 

18. "The General Convention" to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Classical letters to the Coetus, to the Conferentie, to the 
Consistory of New York, duly received — Invitation to a 
General Convention — General attendance — Minutes of 
the Convention sent to the Classis — Ask for approbation 
of Classis — Importance of this for the peace of the 
churches — Request a speedy answer — Rev. Meyer agrees 
to the Articles of Union 4226, 4227 

30. Church of New York — Consistory approved the " Plan of 
Union " — To write to Classis of Amsterdam — To write 
to Consistory of Kingston, with copy of " Plan of Union ". 4227 

18 [30th]. Consistory of New Y'ork to the Classis of Amsterdam 
— The call of Dr. Livingston — Their " Circular Letter " 
inviting the churches to a General Convention — The ac- 
complished union — Hope for Classical ratification without 
any essential changes — " Particular " and " General As- 
semblies ", instead of " Classes " and " Synods " — The 
Dutch Church recognized by the Civil Authorities as a Na- 
tional Church — Surrounded by several Denominations — 
Will hold to the " Doctrine " ; and to the " Form of Gov- 
ernment " so far as possible — Hope to establish a flour- 
ishing church, and a " Pella " for the oppressed 4227, 4228 



Table of Contents. xliii 

1771. PAGE. 
Nov. 12. Rev. Thomas Clark to Rev. Eilardus Westerlo — Congratula- 
tion on Dutch Church peace and union 4228, 4229 

27. Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — Had re- 
ceived no answer to his " Defence " written to the Classis 
— Had withdrawn from the General Convention — Could 
not agree with his Consistory — Dissatisfied that Rev. 
Meyer was invited to the Convention, as well as the unor- 
dained ministers of the Coetus — Only half the Conferentie 
brethren present, who were compelled to agree — Awaits 

decision of Classis 4229 

30. Consistory of Kingston to the Classis of Amsterdam — In- 
vited to the General Convention; two elders delegated to 
attend, but without authority to subscribe the Articles — 
Do not wish to have Rev. Meyer thrust upon them — Not- 
withstanding the censure, he has continued to officiate in 
private houses — Have no objection to his restoration to 
service, but not to their church — Have called another 
minister — Rev. Meyer's letter of Feb. 4, 1767, of following 
import: After censure on him he had called a meeting 
of ministers and elders, who had annulled the censure — 
They had not yet received their " returned Call " — They 
assert that Rev. Meyer is boasting of the refusal of 
Classis formally to dismiss him from Kingston .... 4229, 4230 
Notes of a legal argument before the Court of Chancery on 
behalf of the Anglican minister at Jamaica, sustaining the 
legality of the Ministry Act of 1693 4231-4234 

1772. 
Jan. 10. Deputies of Classis must not enter into any negotiations 
with Coetus of New York without permission of Synod 
and Classis 4234 

14. Classis reads letters from the Union Convention at New 
York; from the Consistory of New York; the Plan of 
Union — Joy of Classis — Classis approved answers to 
said Consistory and General Convention 4234 

14. The Classis of Amsterdam to the Union Convention at New 
York — Had received their letter and the Articles of 
Union — Their Joy — Reference to the zeal of the Con- 
sistory of New York to promote union — Plan of Union 
approved — Permits additions to the Plan for the welfare 
of the churches — Should seek reconciliation of the Church 
of Kingston and Rev. Meyer — Hopes the Plan will secure 
complete harmony — Desires their close alliance to the 
Mother Church — Civil benefits of such relation — Bene- 
dictions invoked upon the American Church 4235, 4236 

14. Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — 
Joy of Classis at the Union effected by action of said 
Consistory to bring the parties together — Exhortation to 



xliv Tahi.k ok Coxtknts. 

1772. PAGE. 

furtlicr olTortt for pence — Further dctniln loft to the (Jen- 
oral AsHpnihly — The rrofoHsorute — ]^lif:rl>t find n Pro- 

f«-H8or nmonfj thonisolves 4237, 4238 

Fob. 3. 17. ]Vhir<'h. Cliurcli of Now York — Collections for fnniilips 
of j)risonors — Seats in the North Church — Amount of 

collootion — Annuity to wifiow ol domine Hoel 4238 

Gorninn Hofornied Church at Albany — Lottery proposed for 

its benefit 4238, 4239 

Mar. 22. Call of the Cornian Reformed Chnrch of New York on Rev. 

Christian F. Foering 4239, 4240 

April 6. Classis receives letters from Consistory of Kingston and 

from Rev. Ritzema 4240 

23, 27. Consistory of New York reads letter from Cla.s8i3 of 
Jan. 14 — Another Circular Letter to be prepared for a 
second Convention — Funds given for a Public School... 4240 

4241 

June 1. Classis reads a letter from Dr. Livingston 4241 

1. Classis of Amsterdam to the Bretiiren of the United Assem- 
bly — Sends Minutes of Synod of North Holland — Con- 
gratulations 4241 

12. Church of New York — Items of business 4242 

14. German Reformed Church, New York — Send delegates to 

Second Convention to sign the Articles of Peace 4242 

16. Second Convention of Reformed Church in New York — 

Classis has ratified the "Articles of Union" of Oct. 1771 

— Subscription to them by most of the ministers and 
churches 4242-4248 

17. Second Convention of Ministers and Elders to the Classis 

of Amsterdam — Called together by the Consistory of 
New York — Gratitude for their letter of Jan. 14, ap- 
proving the Articles of Peace — The Union consummated 

— I'lxpect now to make progress — Ask prayers of Classis. 4248 

4249 
July 7, 14. Church of New York — Aid sought from Limenberg, 
Nova Scotia — Items — Rev. De Ronde asks permission 
to visit Holland after death of his mother — Leave 

granted 4249, 4250 

Classis receives a letter from Kingston — Synodalia — 
Classis perceives the insertion of their report on foreign 

aflfairs 4250 

July 28-Aug. 6. Synod of North Holland — Pennsylvania Coetus re- 
fuses to unite with Coetus of New York and New Jersey 

— Rev. Foering's marriage — Church of Amwell — Aflfairs 
of New York and New Jersey committed entirely to 
Classis of Amsterdam — The Union Convention of Octo- 
ber, 1771 — Success of eflforts for Union — Minutes of the 
Convention — Letter of Convention asks for speedy ap- 
proval of the Plan — Letter from Consistory of New York 



Table of Contents. xlv 

1772. PAGE. 

asking that Classis would approve tlie Plan as amended — 
The names of the Ecclesiastical Bodies — Difficulty of 
Classis understanding circumstances in New York — The 
speedy approbation of the Plan of Union by the Classis — 
Letter from the Presbyterian Synod of New York asking 
for correspondence 4250-4252 

Aug. 3. Church of New York — Rev. De Eonde again requests con- 
tinuance of his salary during his absence in Holland — 
Action of Consistory thereon 4252 

Oct. 5. Church of New York appoints delegates to the newly estab- 
lished " General Meetirg " 4252 

General Meeting of Ministers and Elders — Approves calls 
on Revs. Meyer and Rysdyk — Arrangements for General 
and Particular Meetings — Professorate — Students — 

Case of Rev. Meyer 4252-4254 

General Meeting of New York and New Jersey to Classis of 
Amsterdam — Had received the Acts of Synod of 1771 

— Their eflforts to win the yet disaffected — Ask advice 
of Classis — Send Minutes of their Meeting of October, 
1772 4254 

30. Church of New York — Expenses in connection with English 

worship — English Psalm Book 4254, 4255 

Dec. 2. Rev. John Arondeus to Classis of Amsterdam — His life in 
Denmark — Lost his property — Came back to New York 

— Pulpits closed to him — Preaching in private houses — 
Reference to old disputes 4255, 4256 

15. Church of New Y^ork — Disposition of the collections in the 

Old Church and the New Church 4256 

30. Trustees of Queens College to Classis of Amsterdam ~ Have 
obtained a charter for a College — The name — Importance 
of a proper President — Request Classis to correspond 
with the Faculty of Utrecht — Qualifications needed — 
Suggest Professor Bonnet — Advantages of the position. . . 4256 

4257 

1773. 
Jan. 5. Governor Tryon to tlie Earl of Dartmouth — Grants to 
domine Dellius on east side of Lake Champlain — Proof 

of right of New Y'ork to said lands 4257 

12. Classis receives letter from New York with Acts of General 
Meeting in June 1772 — Sixty-two churches in the Union 

— Letter to New York approved 4258 

12. Classis of Amsterdam to the General Meeting in New York 

— Had received letters and Acts of the Assembly — Joy 
at success of Plan of Union — Thanks to the parties writ- 
ing to Classis — Congratulations and good wishes.. 4258, 4259 

21. Church of New York — Chorister 4259, 4260 



xlvi Taiu-k or Contents. 

1773. I'AQc. 

Mnr. 17, 10. 20. Church of New York — A prisoner for debt — Condi- 
tions for new sclioolmastcr — Call of I'etcr Van Steen- 
burph 4260, 4281 

April .■>. Clnssis reads letter from Rev. Arondeus in Now York 4282 

May 3. 24, June 2, 4. Church of New Y'ork — New Bchool house — 
Annuity to schoolmaster's widow — Settling the town- 
ship of I>cyden 4262 

June 3. The Cicneral Assembly of New York, per Kev. Jacob R. 
Ilardciiberg, to the ClaHsis of Am.stcrdara — Delays in 
sending letters — Sending a copy of Queens College 

Charter 4263 

22, July 2. Church of New York — King remits the quit-rents 
of township of Leyden — A silver salver presented to Rev. 
Maas, minister at St. Croi.x, for several services — Thanks 
to the King for remission of quit-rents 4263, 4264 

July 19. Classis hears extracts from Minutes of General Meeting in 
New Y'ork, October, 1772 — Classis requested to continue 
correspondence with New York — Report to Synod — 
Synodalia — Classis congratulates the House of Orange- 
Nassau 4264 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Minutes of New York Assembly 

— Classis requested to continue correspondence with New 
York 4264 

Aug. 6, 26, 31, Sept. 16. Church of New York — New School House 

— Conditions for free scholars — Townsliip of Leyden — 
Choristers — Delegates to General Meeting 4264, 4265 

Oct. 4. Classis hears a letter from New Brunwsick; another from 
Raritan; also one from Professor Burmannus, that the 
Faculty of Utrecht might recommend a Professor of The- 
ology and President for the New Jersey College — Points 

of answer to Prof. Burmannus 4265-4267 

4. Church of New York — Items — Plan for vaults 4267 

5-8. General Meeting of Ministers and Elders — Report con- 
cerning Kingston and Rev. Meyer — The Professorship — 
Proposition of the Trustees of Queens College — The En- 
dowment — Subject recommended to attention of Classis 

— Circulation of Acts of Synod of North Holland — List 

of ministers 4267-4269 

8. General Meeting of New Y''ork and New Jersey to the Classia 
of Amsterdam — Acts of 1772 sent to Classis — Design of 
Queens College — Located at Brunswick — Proposition 
from the Trustees of -Queens College — Institution gener- 
ally favored — Endorse action of Trustees to have Classis 

recommend a President and Professor 4269, 4270 

6. Classis of Amsterdam to Professor Burmannus — Letters 
from New Jersey objectionable — Do not agree with Acts 

of General Meeting of New York 4271 

Rev. A. Helffenstein to Rev. Christian F. Foering 4271, 4272 

Nov. 23. Church of New York — Cost of the new School House 4272 



Table of Contents, xlvii 

1774. PAGE. 

Jan. 1. Church of New York — Appointment of John Vredenburg.. 4272 

10. Church of New York — Various items 4273 

11. Classis approves letter to General Meeting at New York; 

also to Professor Burmannus 4273 

11. Classis of Amsterdam to the General Meeting at New York 

— The Professorship — Seems to conflict with a letter 
from New Brunswick about Queens College and its plans 

— Classis can do nothing at present 4274, 4275 

Feb. 7, 8. Church of New York — One hundred pounds collected 

for the poor — Arrangements for its distribution — Map 
of the township of Leyden with a description of each por- 
tion 4275 

15. Bill to include lands of the church in Schenectady in the 

county of Albany, in the district of Schenectady 4275 

Mar. 4, 6. Church of New York — Request from Rev. De Ronde for 
continuance of his salary while in Holland — Refused — 

Items 4275, 4276 

22. Application for a Charter by Reformed Church of Pough- 

keepsie 4278 

Apr. 11, Classis receives letter and Acts from General Meeting in 

New York 4276 

24. Classis of Amsterdam to Prof. Burmannus at Utrecht — Re- 
quests him to suggest a proper person for Professor of 
Theology for New York 4276, 4277 

May 4. Theological Faculty of Utrecht to the Classis of Amsterdam 

— They return the Acts of the New York Meeting — They 
leave the choice of a Professor to the Classis 4277 

June 6. Classis approves a letter to General Meeting in New York.. 4277 

8. Classis of Amsterdam to Professor Bonnet — Letter from 

Faculty of Utrecht received promising to recommend a 
Professor for New York — Classis will enquire what salary 
is proposed for him, etc. — But Dr. Livingston's name 
occurs to Classis as a suitable Professor — Faculty's opin- 
ion asked about him 4277, 4278 

9. Professor Bonnet to Classis of Amsterdam — Faculty unani- 

mously endorse Dr. Livingston for Professor in America — 
Peculiar qualifications for that field — If he is not accept- 
able, amount of salary proposed should be communicated 
to Classis 4278 

15. Classis of Amsterdam to the General Meeting in New 
York — Had received letter and Acts of 1773 — Joy at 
common plan for a Professor in Queens College — Request 
for details as to emoluments and duties — Suggest Dr. 
Livingston for Professor — Joy that Kingston had ap- 
proved Articles of Union — Exertions should be made to 
get all the churches to sign those Articles of Union. 4278, 4279 

29. Call of Rev. John G. Gebhard to German Church of New 

York 4279, 4280 



xlviii J'ahi.k of Contkxts. 

^"•'- PAGE. 

.hily 18. TVpntirH ron«I n lottor from Prof. Ilonnot Ihnt Dr. f-ivinp 
f-loii would \k> aocopfniilc ns Profi-ssor in New York — 
AjiHwor approved — Synodalia — Con^'mtuiatioMH to House 
of ()ran;,'e 4280, 4281 

.luly Aiip. Synod r,f Norlh lIolIan<I — Kxtrnc-tn of Mirmtos of f;cneral 
Morlinp in New York — Letter from Ncnv York about the 
ProfosHornhip — Classis of Amstmi.'ini refjiiested to con- 
t innc oorrespondenee with New York 42S1 

Srpt. 19. Cliurcli of Now Y'ork — Dclepnte.s appointed to the «maller 
AssoTiihly (or Classis) — Tranpartion.s thereof, an well as 
of the Larger Assembly, to be communicated by the dele- 
pntes to the Consistory 4281 

Oct. 4-7. General IMeetinp of Ministers and Kblers — Letter read 
from Classis of Amsterdam — Letter from the Trustees of 
Queens Colle<;e — Signing the Articles of Union.... 4281-4283 

Nov. 21, 24. Church of New Y'ork — Churcli of Dover, N. Y., peti- 
tions for copie.si of Psalm Books — Petition granted — Spe- 
cinl cnllection for the poor 428.3, 4284 



1775. 

Jan. 12. Church of New York — Items 4284 

20. Indians complain of a certain missionary to Colonel John- 
son 4284, 4285 

26. Amendment to ]\Jinistry Act of 1693 — Cliange of time for 

assessing and collecting church rates 4285 

Feb. 9. Church of New Y'ork — Items — Decrease of price for Psalm 

Books 4285, 4286 

Mar. 9. Church of New Y'ork — Items 4286 

Apr. General Meeting of ministers and elders — Letters from 
Classis of Amsterdam — The Professorship — Condition of 
our country 4286, 4287 

May 4. Earl of Dartmouth to Governor Tryon — Petition of the Pres- 
byterian and Dutch churches to increase the number of 
members in the House of Representatives — Denomina- 
tional Charters 4287 

July 17. Synodalia — The Classis has received no information from 

the American churches 4288 

July 2.5-Aug. 3. Synod of North Holland — No information communi- 
cated by the Classis owing to the troubles in America. . . 4288 

Aug. 10. Church of New Y^ork — Items 4288 

Sept. 4. The Deputati of Classis are receiving no letters from New 

York 4288 

Oct. 3. General Meeting of Mini.sters and Elders — Case of Rev. 

Meyer and Kingston 4289 

12. Classis of Amsterdam to the General Meeting of Ministers, 

etc., in New York — No letters received in a long time. . 4289 



Table of Contejn^ts. xlix 

1776. PAGE. 

June 24. Synodalia — Information from foreign lands inserted for 

benefit of Synod 4289 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — No information from New York. 4289 
Episcopal churclies in New Yorlc at the opening of the Revo- 
lution, and during the Revolution 4289, 4290 

Aug. 14, Sept. 24. Governor Tryon to Lord George Germain — The 

Established Churches closed — Trinity Church burned.. 4291 

4292 

Oct. 31. State of the Anglo-American Church at the Opening of the 
Revolution — Episcopal clergy loyal to the King — Drs. 
Chandler and Cooper obliged to flee — Patriotism of the 
Presbyterians — Opposition to the Episcopal Clergy — Dr. 
Inglis's opinion of the American Revolution — Declaration 
of Independence — Episcopal clergy close their churches 
because not allowed to pray for the King — New York 
City in the Revolution — Washington in New York — Re- 
quest that prayer for the King be omitted — Day of 
prayer appointed by Washington — Dr. Inglis reads the 
prayer for the King — The Arms of the King taken down 
in Trinity Church — Trinity Church closed — Episcopal 
churches refused to American chaplains — Dr. Inglis 
writes a pamphlet against the American cause — The 
English take New York — The city fired — Episcopal mis- 
sionaries in general suffer 4292-4300 



GEORGE CLINTON, FIRST STATE GOVERNOR. JULY 9, 1777-1793. 

1777. 
April 20. Constitution of State of New York — Final repeal of the 
Ministry Act of 1693, and all amendments — Freedom of 

Religion finally established 4300. 4301 

July 21. Synodalia — No tidings from New York and New Jersey... 4301 
July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — No reports made by the Classic 

of affairs in New York 4301 



1778. 

July 20. Synodalia — Classis has no news from New York 4301 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — No report from Classis on 

churches of New York 4301 

Oct. 6-8. General Meeting of Ministers and Elders — Great inter- 
ruption of Correspondence with Holland — Desire to renew 
it — Day of Fasting and Prayer; sad condition of the 
country 4301, 4302 



Tahlic of Contents. 



* " o. PAGE. 

Oct. 8. Gciionil Mooting of New York nnd Ni-w Jerwy to tlio 
Clnpujs of AniHt^'idiun — The wnr tlic c;iuf»o of no corre- 
.«j»on(ipncp — No (.'oiiornl Mooting in tliroo ycuTH — Many 
of the ministrrs obliged to tlec — P^JTccts of tlie War on 
Mc^itings nt Albany nnd IlackcnBack — Meeting of some 
delegates in 1778 — Two Htudents examined — Lack of re- 
ports frojn dilTcrent parts of the Church — Only three 
Dutch ministers disloyal to the American cause — Oen- 
eral patriotism also of Presbyterians — Barbarous treat- 
ment of American prisoners — Burning of towns and 
cities — Destruction of churclies — Providential dealings. 4303 

4304 
1770. 

.Tuly 19. Synodalia — f'lassis has no information from Now York... 4304 
July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — No report on New York churches 

received from Classis 4304 

Oct. 29. Trinity Church, Now York City, grants the use of St. 
George's Chapel to the Dutch loyalists in the city — Dr. 
Inglis informs the Society for Propagating the Gospel 
of the fact, with the reasons — One of the Dutch churches 
used as a hospital 4304, 4305 



Rev. Carrtt Lydckker and others, the Dutch loyalist min- 
isters, return thanks to the Vestry of Trinity Church. . . . 4305 
Classis hears the letter from New Y'ork of Oct. 7, 1778. . . . 4306 
Synodalia — Information from New York inserted in Picport 

to Synod '. . 4306 

July 25-Aug. 5. Synod of North Holland — Letter of Ceneral Meet- 
ing of Xew Y'ork of October, 1778, read to Synod — Sub- 
stance of it recorded — Abstract of the ]\Iinutes of the 

General Meeting of 1778 recorded 4306, 4307 

Oct. 3-G. General Meeting of Ministers and Elders — Memorial to 
the Government respecting the suppression of the sins of 
the land 4307, 4308 

178L 

July 9. Church of Pouglikoepsie invites Dr. Living.ston to supply 
their pulpit during the re-st of the war — Leaves Pough- 

keepsie, November, 1783, to return to New York 4309 

23. Synodalia — Classis has no news from New Y''ork to report 

to Synod 4309 

July 31-Aug. 9. SjTiod of Xorth Holland — Receives no report from 

Classis respecting New York 4309 

Oct. 2-4. General ^Meeting of Ministers and Elders — Report on 
the Memorial to the Government, October, 1780 — State of 
the Church 4309, 4310 



1780 




April 


8. 




3. 


July 


23. 



Table of Contents. li 

1782. PAGE. 

July 22. Synodalia — Classis has no information about New York 

to report to Synod 4310 

July 30-Aug. 8. Synod of North Holland — The war prevents recep- 
tion of any news from New York 4310 

Oct. 1-3. General Meeting of Ministers and Elders — The sins of 

the land 4310, 4311 

1783. 

July 21. The Classis of Amsterdam to the Ecclesiastical Assembly 
in New York and New Jersey — Had not heard from the 
churches of New York since 1778 — Holland has felt the 
evils of the war — Hence no correspondence — Hope now 
for its continuance — Acts of the Synod of 1782 sent over. 4311 
21. Sj'nodalia — With coming peace, Classis hopes soon to hear 

from churches in America 4311 

July 29-Aug. 7. Synod of North Holland — Synod hopes that with 

peace, news will be received from churches in New York. . 4311 

4312 

Oct. 22. Rev. Dr. John H. Livingston to Rev. Dr. Eilardus Wes- 
terlo — Tlie Revolution changes former plan of 1772 — 
State-Church ideas finally destroyed — Discussion of 
proper method for Dutch Church Professorship, whether 
to wait for a Professorship in Kings (Columbia) College, 
or to unite with Princeton Seminary, or to establish an 
independent Institution at New Brunswick, as central for 
New York and Pennsylvania, as well as New Jersey. 4312-4314 

Nov. 7. Rev. Jacob R. Hardenberg to Classis of Amsterdam — Had 
recently sent a letter — The Presbyterian denomination 
numerous and influential — Are they orthodox ? — Sugges- 
tions of union deferred — Transfer of a Dutch church to 
the Presbyterians — Princeton College and Dr. Wither- 
spoon — He sails for Europe to collect funds — May visit 
Holland — Chartered Dutch Seminary in same state as 
Princeton — Has suflered in its funds — May need help. 4314 

4315 

1784. 
March 18. Rev. Dr. John H. Livingston to Rev. Dr. Theodorick Romeyn 

— University for State of New York 4315 

April 6. Act of the Legislature of New York to enable churches of all 
Denominations to appoint Trustees, to be bodies corpo- 
rate to care for their temporalities — All churches form- 
erly chartered by the English government may hold prop- 
erty of the yearly value of £1200 4316 

17. Repeal of all sectarian legislation passed during the colonial 

period 431G 

18-21. General Meeting of Ministers and Elders — Outstanding 
congregations — State of the churches at the close of the 
war — The Professorship 4316-4320 



In Jadi.k of Content.s. 

l"'*4- PAor. 

• Filly III. SyntHlnliu — ( Inttttin hnn received iiifornmtion from New 

York 4320 

July 27 Aup. r>. Synod of North Holland — Dc«irc to hear reports 

from America 4320 

AuR. 20. Incorporation of the Lutheran Church at All)any 4320 

Oct. r>-8. The (ieniTiil Meeting of Ministern and Kldcr« — Receivei 
a letter from Classis of Am.'*terdam — Fraternal Corre- 
spondence with other Anu'riran elmrehe.s — P^lection of a 
Professor of Theolopy by the Synod of the Reformed 
Dutch Church in America — Delny in this matter — Acts 
reviewed from 1772 — Overtures from Trustees of Queens 
College; from Consistory at Schenectady; from Hacken- 
sack — Committee appointed — Their report: Qtieens Col- 
lege taken under patronage of the Church in 1773; delays 
by the war; another institution at Schenectady to be 
favored; a Professor of Theology to be appointed, to re- 
side in New York; assistance to be sought from Collegiate 
Church; a Professor of Hebrew also should be appointed — 
Sj'nod decided it to be impracticalde to remove Queens Col- 
lege from New Brunswick, but will render it all possible 
assistance; will encourage an institution at Schenectady; 
appoints Rev. Dr. Jolin II. Livingston, Professor of The- 
ology, to reside in New Y''ork; all students must have 
certificate from him to entitle them to examination; 
honoraria to be given him; Collegiate Church requested to 
eo-operate financially — Rev. Dr. Hermanns Meyer ap- 
pointed Professor of Hebrew and Greek — Dismissal of 
Rev. De Ronde from Church of New Y'ork — Fundamental 
Articles — ^Change of names of the American Ecclesiastical 

Bodies — Ecclesiastical Incorporations 4321—4323 

8. The Synod of New York and New Jersey to the Classis of 
Amsterdam — Close of the war — The Church preserved — 
Joy at a letter from the Classis — Letters lost during 
the war — Send over Acts of 1783, 1784 — Condition of 
the churches — Expectations from the measures and ap- 
pointments now made — Desire the approbation of the 
Classis and Synod — General respect among the Ameri- 
can Denominations for the Reformed Church — Destruc- 
tions of the war — Changes in circumstances and names 
(Synods and Classes) will make no difference in affection 
for Mother Church — Desire the Acts of Synod to be sent 
over — Will continue to correspond — Glad to receive 
advice 4323-4325 

Nov. 8. Ordination of John INIcDonald. third Presbyterian minister in 

Albany 4325 

The Episcopal Church after the Revolution — Episcopal Con- 
ference at New Brunswick — Society for Relief of Min- 
isters' Widows und Orplians — Election of Dr. Samuel Sea- 



Table of Contents. liii 

1784. PAGE, 

bury in Connecticut, in 1783, as first Bishop — Sails for 
Scotland for Consecration — A General Convention called 
to meet in Philadelphia, Sept. 27, 1785 — Diocesan Con- 
vention, June 22, 1785, in New York, elects delegates to 
General Convention — Rev. Samuel Provoost recommended 
for first Bishop of New York — Opposition to the validity 
of Dr. Seabury's appointment — His Toryism during the 
war — Consecration of Drs. White and Provost in 1787 — 
Fourteen clergy in Diocese of New York in 1792 4325-4327 

1785. 

May 10. Nomination of Dr. J. H. Livingston as Professor of Theology 
in Queens College — Increase of Endowment required — 
Trustees willing to appoint Synod's Professor as their 
Professor of Theology and President of College — Com- 
mittee appointed to co-operate with Synod to secure funds, 

when Dr. Livingston shall be formally called 4327 

17-20. Synod of Reformed Dutch Churches — Fraternal Corre- 
spondence in America — Queens College and Funds — The 
Professorship — Day of Fasting and Prayer 4328, 4329 

July IS. Classis of Amsterdam receives letters from New York — 

Information inserted for Synod 4330 

July 2G-Aug. 4. SjTiod of North Holland — Synopsis of letters and 
Acts of Synod, from America, since 1783 — Election of 
Dr. Livingston as Professor — Reference to funds.. 4330, 4331 

Oct. 4-7. Synod of Reformed Dutch Churches — A Seminary at 
Schenectady — Funds and Queens College — The adoption 
of names " Classes " and " Synod " — To seek amendment 
to the State Law of Ecclesiastical Incorporations — Fra- 
ternal correspondence — The Psalms in English ....4331, 4332 

Dec. 10. Rev. John Ritzema, Emeritus, to the Classis of Amsterdam 

— The former troubles in the Church and his relation to 
them — The Dutch Church vs. other bodies — The Presby- 
terians seeking union with the Dutch — His flight at the 
capture of New York in 1776 — His abode at Kinderhook — 
Conduct of his Consistory toward him after the war — 
His views of their Church Charter — His visit to the city 

— Conduct of friends — Titles assumed of Synod and 
Classes, and election of Dr. Livingston to the Professor- 
ship — Ritzema's labors at Kinderhook 4332-4336 

1786. 

Jan. 10. Classis approve letter to New York 4337 

10. Classis of Amsterdam to the Ecclesiastical Assembly in 
New York — Reception of letters and Acts — Joy at the 
return of peace — Sorrow at small number of ministers, 
and floods of error — Congratulations on appointment of 
Professors — Send Act of Synod of North Holland 4337 



liv 'J'ablk ok Contents. 

17 80. PAQK. 

March Consistorinl Trusteeship for Kcfornied Dutcli Churches — 

See Mnrch 7. 17S.S 4338 

April 11. The Synod of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
LonjT delays in Correspondence — Send over Acts of Synod 
of 1785 — Correspondence opened with the Scotch and 
Presbyterian Churches — Dutch Church not established — 
Special modes of incorporation of Elders and Deacons, as 
Trustees, to be secured, suited to the policy of the Church 
— Many preparing for the ministry 4338, 4339 

July 17. Synodalia — No reports from New York 4340 

July 25-Aug. 3. Synod of North Holland — Awaits information from 

Classis respecting New York 4340 

Oct. 3-6, Synod of Dutch Reformed Churches — Letter from Clas- 
sis of Amsterdam — The Professorship and students — 
Fraternal correspondence — Ecclesiastical Incorporation. 4340 

4341 



1787. 

Jan. 9. Classis receives a letter from Rev. John C. Rubcls of Flat- 
bush, asking Classis to remove his suspension — Syno- 
dalia — Information from New York 4341, 4342 

April 2. Classis of Amsterdam to the Church Assembly of New York, 
etc. — Had received letters and Acts of Synod — For- 
warded Acts of Synod of North Holland — Joy at relation 
with Scotch Church, and for special Act of Incorporation 

for Dutch churches 4342 

13. Amendment to the Cliarter of Kings College, changing its 

name to Columbia, and making it unsectarian 4342 

May 1^. Synod of Reformed Dutch Cliuioiies — Form of a Call to 
a church — Fraternal correspondence — Petition to Legis- 
lature for special Act for incorporation of Reformed 
Dutch churches 4343 

July 21. Synodalia — Information about churches in America 4343 

July 29-August 7. Synod of North Holland — Letters and Acts of 
Synod of New York for 1786 received; also letters from 
Rev. Rubel and Rev. Ritzema 4343, 4344 

August Cost of a new Lutheran Church erected in Albany 4344 

Oct. 2-6. Synod of Reformed Dutch churches — Letters received 
from Classis of Amsterdam — The Professorship — Funds 
and Queens College — English Psalmody 4344, 4345 

Oct 5. The Synod of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — Let- 
ter and Acts of Synod of North Holland received — Send 
them Acts of 1787 — Correspondence with Scotch Church 
in America — Incorporation of congregations of all de- 
nominations — Former church charters valid — Petition 
to make Consistories the Trustees in Dutch churches. 4345. 4346 



Table of Contents. Iv 

1788. PAGE 

Mar. 7. An Act to provide for the incorporation of Religious So- 
cieties (Reformed Protestant Dutch Churches) 4346 

10. Act to enable the corporation of Trinity Church, New York, 
to change its name from " The Rector and Inhabitants of 
the City of New York, in commvmion of the Church of 
England, as by Law established," to " The Rector and 
Inhabitants of the City of New York, in communion of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New 
New York;" and legitimating all Acts done under the old 
name 4346, 4347 

July 21. Synodalia — Classis prepares report for SjTiod concerning 

churches in New York, etc 4347 

July 29-Aug. 7. Synod of North Holland — Synod has received let- 
ters and Acts of the Synod of New York 4347 

Oct. 7-10. Synod of Reformed Dutch Church — Letter received 
from Classis of Amsterdam — Synodical Funds — Church- 
Order — Committee appointed to translate the Doctrines, 
Rules of Church Order, etc., into English 4347, 4348 

Oct. 12. The Synod of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Had sent letters and Acts of their Synod, but had not 
yet received replies — Send also Acts of 1787 4348, 4349 

1789. 
July 2. Rev. Eilardus Westerlo to Rev. John Bassett — Benefit of 

the Saratoga waters 4349 

20. Synodalia — Classis prepares report on New Y''ork and New 

Jersey for Synod of North Holland 4349 

July 25-Aug. 7. Synod of North Holland — Letters and Acts of 
New York Synod of 1788 presented — Many students pre- 
paring for the ministry 4349, 4350 

Sept. 19. Ancient Burial Grounds in Albany; Lutheran; Dutch Re- 
formed ; Episcopal ; Presbyterian ; German — One new 
Common Cemetery 4350, 4351 

21. The Dutch Church of Albany exchanges certain lands with 

the city 4351 

Oct. 6-10. No letters from Classis of Amsterdam — Funds and 

Queens College — Sjoiod presents an Address to President 

Washington — Church Order — New title of the Church. 4351 

4352 
Nov. 17. Proper title of the Reformed Dutch Church of Pough- 

keepsie 4352. 4353 

1790. 

April The Presbytery of Albany formed 4353 

June 28. Church of Poughkeepsie desires to call Andrew Gray 4353 

July 19. Synodalia — Classis prepares report on New York for 

Synod of North Holland 4354 



Ivi Tahi-k ok ( oxtknts. 

1700. fAOK. 

July '2T-Aup. .*>. Synod of North Holland — No information altout 

N«'\v York roci'ivcd 4M.')4 

Oct. 5-8. Sjnotl of Ri-formod Dutch ChurchcH — CorreHpondcnce with 
Church of Holland — Form of calls for n pantor — Funds 
and Queens Cullcpc — Petition to ConprcHs to pxcrcise 
care over the reprinting of the Rilde — TranHlation of the 
Doctrines and Rules — Explanatory Articles to be incor- 
porated — A Convention to l>e called to act upon the 
Constitution — Address to the Magistracy — English 
Psalmody 4354-43.';(T 

Dec. 2G. Death of Rev. Eilardus Westerlo — Sketch 4356,4357 



1791. 

May 4-7. Synod of Reformed Dutch Churches — Tiie Professorship — 
Funds and Queens College — Translation of the Doctrines 
and Rules — The Synod of Dort — Plan under Articles 
of Union of 1771 — Amendments thereto — An American 
Church Constitution to be formed on the basis of the 
Netherlands Church Constitution 4357-4359 

July 18. Synodalia — Classis has received reports from America... 4359 

July 2C-Aug. 31. Synod of North Holland — Classis sends letters 
and Acts of Synod of New York to said Synod — Corre- 
s.pondence of the Dutch Church in America with Presby- 
terian bodies there, not involving union — Incorporation 
of individual congregations — Trustees — Consistories, 
trustees in the Dutch Churches — The old charters. . 4359-4361 
Sale of lots by the Dutch Church of Albany — Rev. Mr. 
Bassctt publishes a " Collection of Psalms, Hymns and 
Spiritual Songs " 4361, 4362 

Oct. 4-8. Convention of Reformed Dutch Churches — Correspond- 
ence with Church of Holland — Members of the Conven- 
tion — Funds and Queens College — Rules of Church 
Government adapted to American conditions — General 
revision by the Convention — Recommitted 4362, 4363 



1792. 

April 11. State gives large donations to Columbia College 4363 

May 9-12. Synod of Reformed Dutch Churches — Suggestion that 
Explanatory Articles be added to the Revised Rules of 
Church Order — Progress made — Day of Fasting and 
Piayer ' 4363, 4364 

July 23. Synodalia — Classis gives information about New York 

churches 4364 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Synod awaits information from 

" New York 4364 



Table of Contents. Ivii 

1792. PAGE. 

Oct. 2-6. Convention of the Reformed Dutch Churches — Names of 
members — Constitution completed — Articles of Dort, as 
expurgated of allusions to the State, and Explanatory 
Articles — Review of Committee's work — Adopted — 
Whole Constitution, Doctrines, Liturgy and Rules to be 
printed — Correspondence with Holland — English Psalm- 
ody — Ecclesiastical Book and Papers — The Professor- 
ship 4364-4366 

Episcopal Church in Albany 4366 



1793. 

July 22. Synodalia — Classis has no special information about New 

York 4366 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Synod awaits information from 

New York 4366 

Oct. 1-4. Particular Synod of the Reformed Dutch Church — The 
Church Constitution printed — Received with great grati- 
tude by the Synod — Correspondence with the Church of 
Holland — Funds and Queens College — The Professorship 
— Endowments to be sought by the Supreme (General) 
Synod ' 4367^369 



1794. 

T"eb. 10. Legislature of New York refuses to allow a lottery for 

church of Greenbush 4369 

Mar. 27. Sale of German Reformed Church of Albany — See Febru- 
ary, 1772 4369 

July 21. Synodalia — Classis has received no information from New 

' York 4369 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Synod has received no informa- 
tion from New York 4370 

Oct. Particular Synod of New York — Church Order — Prepares 

a letter to send to Holland — Funds 4370 



JOHN JAY, STATE GOVERNOR, APRIL 1795-1801. 

1795. 
May 6. Call of Rev. George Philip Hilledeler to the German Re- 
formed Church of New York 4371, 4372 

July 20. Synodalia — Classis has no information from New York... 4372 
July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Synod has received no informa- 
tion from New York — Proposal to drop the Article relat- 
ing to New York 4372 



Iviii Table ok Contexts. 

ITOfl. PAGE. 

Mny 3 5. Particuhir Synoil of New York approver lettt-r to l>« Hciit 

to Holland — Profcssorehip 4372 

.T\ily 18. Syno<lalJa — ('lassiH lias received no information from Now 

York, etc 4373 

July- Aug. Synod of North Holland — Synod has received no informa- 
lion from Now York — If no reports romp in. this Artifle 
sliall bo dropped 4373 

Oct. 5. Particnlar Synod of New York forwards a lotter to Holland 
— Rov. Dr. J. H. Living.ston to tho Particular Synod of 
Now York — Review of tho history of the Profossor- 
ehip 4373-4375 

1707. 

.Tune 6-12. Gonfrnl Synod loarns of tho Particuliir Synod's corrc- 
BpODdcnce with the Cliurcli of Holland — The Professor- 
ship 4376 

July 17. Synodalia — Classis has received a letter from Synod of 

New York 4376 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Classis of Amsterdam reported 
that an extensive report had come in from the Synod of 
New York — Would be presented to next Synod 4377 

Oct. 3-5. Particular Synod of New York had received no letter 

from the Church of Holland 4377 

1798. 

July 23. Synodalia — Information received from New Y'ork 4377 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Report from New Y^ork mislaid. 4377 

1799. 
May 21. Particular Synod of New Y'ork and Correspondence with the 

Church of' Holland 4377, 4378 

25. The Particular Synod of New York to the Synod of North 
Holland — Had written to the Classis four years ago, but 
no answer — Would be happy to correspond — Benefits of 
such correspondence for friendship and maintenance of 
purity of doctrine, for the advancement of the Kingdom of 

Christ 4378, 4379 

July 21. Synodalia — Classis refeis to information received in 1798. 4380 
July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Synod disappointed in not re- 
ceiving any information from New York 4380 

1800. 
June 3-13. General Synod directs the Particular Synod to continue 
Correspondence with the Church of Holland — The Pro- 
fessorship — New Classification of the Classes and 
churches, and constitution of two Particular Synods — 
Pastoral letter to the Dutch Reformed Churches in Amer- 
ica — List of the Reformed Dutch Church Ministers in 
America 4380-4391 



Table of Contents. lix 

1800. PAGE. 

July 21. Synodalia — A letter received for the Synod from New 

York — Transferred to the Synod of North Holland 4391 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Letter received from New York, 
dated May 25, 1799 — Relates to desire for continued cor- 
respondence — Deputies to reply 4391, 4392 

Dec. 22. German Reformed Church of New York — Rev. Christian 

Bork called 4392 

1801. 
Mar. 27. An Act to provide for the incorporation of Religious So- 
cieties (Episcopal churches) 4392 

1801-1810. July each year. Classis of Amsterdam — Synodalia — No 
information from New York and New Jersey — Articles 

about them dropped 4392, 4393 

1801-1810. July-August each year. Synod of North Holland — No in- 
formation received from New York and New Jersey, except 
once, indirectly, in 1806 — Article relating to them 

dropped 4394 

Inventory or Catalogue of the Contents of the " Old Ar- 
chives of the Classis of Amsterdam made in 1882. . . 4395-4405 
Names of Ministers of the Reformed Dutch Church in 
America, 1628-1700, in order of their arrival — Names of 

the churches 4405^407 

Subscriptions to the Formulas of Ministers coming to 

America, 1632-1700 — Specimens 4407-4409 

Graduates of the three Dutch Universities, viz., Groningen, 
Leyden and Utrecht, who came to America before 1700; 
etc. — Specimens 4409—4413 



ADMIIsnSTRATION OF CADWALLADER GOLDEN, 
PRESIDENT, AUGUST 4, 1760-AUGUST 8, 1761— 
(Continued) 1761 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 
Rev. de Vos and van Harlingen request to be examined in April. 

1761, Jan. 13th, Art. 2. The Revs. Leonard de Vos. and John Martin van Harlin- 
gen, S. S. Theol. Stud, request a preparatory examination at the next Classis. 

The Classis having found their testimonials to be sufficient, granted their request. 
The Examiner, Kessler, assigned as a text to Rev. de Vos, Psalm li4 ; 3, 4 ; and to 
Rev. Van. Harlingen, Heb. 1 : 3. 8 : " Who being the brightness of his glory, and tke 
express image of his person, etc' " But unto the Son he saith. Thy throne, O, Go<1 
Is forever and ever, etc." To both were assigned in the Hebrew, Psalm 24 ; and In 
the Greek, Heb. 1, 

xill. 262. 

Letters to Churches Abroad. 

A letter was read to the so-called Coetus of New York ; and a duplicate to the 
so-called Conferentie. These were approved by the Assembly with much pleasure, 
and are to be forwarded. The Deputies were thanked for their trouble and 
discretion. 

xiii. 262, 263. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of the 
Province of New York, January 13, 1761. Vol. 31, Page 
154. No. 108. Referred to Vol. 24:76. 

To the Rev. Consistories in the Province of New York. 
Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren : — 

Your communication, signed by Domines J. Bltzema and L. De Ronde, in the name 
of the Conferentie Assembled, accompanied by the signature of other ministers in 
New York, and dated May 8th, 1760, we received in safety. The business done is 
recorded therein with minuteness and accuracy, and agrees with the account given 
by the other brethren. 

It was pleasing to us that the Christian and earnest advice of our preceding letter 
had been adopted, namely, the making of an effort to put an end to the ahaiueful 
divisions and deplorable dissensions, so inconsistent with the Gospel of peace of the 
gentle Savior; and an attempt to reunite yourselves in a common Coetus, (or Assem- 
bly.) We were pleased that our letter had had so much influence on you. Rev. 
Gentlemen, that you were disposed to bridge the chasm, and debate the matter. 
But we learned with grief that the desired union, with the peace incident thereto, 
was not accomplished ; that negotiations were broken off, or at least delayed ; for you 
could not agree upon the articles and conditions which were then proposed. 

The brethren who call themselves the Conferentie required that all decisions of 
important matters, about which there might arise differences of opinion, should be 
made by the Classis, and that the business in such cases should be so referred by 
both parties. The present Coetus replies that all matters, must, as usual, be deter- 
mined by a plurality of votes, according to Article 31 of the Church Order: — (Of 
the Synod of Dort. ) The Coetus also recognizes the legality of examining and 
licensing students In America ; that ordinations once performed cannot be repeated, 
any more than that one who has been once lawfully baptized needs to be baptized 
again ; for re-ordinations would endanger the peace of the congregations. 

But the Conferentie affirms that such powers do not belong to the Coetus, Inas- 
much as the Classis has never recognized the Coetus in any other capacity than as a 



3802 K( rLBaiAsricAi, Rin onus 

1761 

Bubordinntc IkxJv. and then only under the c&preiMi condition that care muit be 
takon not to alluw a word aKnInnt th«^ doctrine, nor to hold any preparatory or flaal 
pxamlnntlonn, aciordln»t to a letter of the CIbsbIh In Nov. 1730, because this power 
was reserved to the CIbhrIs by the Synod of I>ort. 

llHvInK laid the contents of both lettera before the Ucv. ClasalB, and thcBC h»TlDg 
been duly considered by that Itev. ABscmbly. we are directed to urifc upon you 
.nrn.Ktly nKiilii Iho d\ii.v of tho union of Iho pnrllns, and to glvf you nlfo the 
declBlons of tho ClaBBla on tho polntH In dlBpiite. 

1. On the flrnt point: The opinion of the ClasslB Is that a decision by a majority 
of rotes In oBBOntlal. The very nature of any Assembly, and therefore also of an 
KcclcHlastlcal Asscnibly, requires such a rule. Prot(;8tlng members, however, have 
the rlk'ht to appeal to Classls, which Is a common right In all subordinate 
Assemblies. 

2. In reference to the second point, we must say that we cannot approve the 
preferments, (of students Into candidates, or of candidates Into ministers,) as having 
been performed according to the rules of the Netherlands Churches ; but we will not 
be so strict in this matter ns to revoke these prefermonts, but we accept of them 
as facts accomplished. It Ib Indeed true that the Classls has not given atithorlty to 
the (oetus to conduct examinations, for this privilege belongs only to a regular 
ClassiH ; but the Classls will, hereafter, in extraordinary clrcumstancps. act In a 
liberal manner, pro re iwta. upon notification of the necessities of the case. But 
the (oetus mu.st, then, be able to give a suitable certificate of the extent of the 
individual's knowledge of Sacred Theology. The Classls will not, however, concede 
such privileges unless the Coetus become a united body again. In the bonds of love. 

Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren, such is our advice and decision. By the 
help of God, they arc adapted to promote the welfare of the newly ostabllshed con- 
gregations, and the edification of the others, in the faith of Christ. We trust that 
none of you will be elated at the confusion or the seeming Independence, of any of 
the brethren, caused by our decision, and permit these facts, instead of healing the 
wound, to make it more diflScult to be healed ; but may you thereby lay a foundation 
for the desired union. If we realize the Importance of maintaining the honor of 
God. (as his servants,) of extending his kingdom, of edifying our individual congre- 
gations, then labor to this end. How necessary is it that we beseech God to give us 
the spirit of love and moderation, in order to guard us against the ambitious spirit 
of Diotrephes ; and to enable us to hate and destroy all wrong tendencies and !:lnful 
passion, although varnished with seemingly good pretexts. 

We pray you, therefore, to act as brethren. Bind together the loosened ties. Love 
truth and peace as the sons of God. Be examples to each other, each regarding the 
other as better than himself. Bear each others burdens and so fulfill the law of 
Christ. How much would such conduct on your part, cause us to thank God, the 
Tx>rd of peace! What refreshment and joy would it be to us: yea, what a reward 
for all our brotherly advice '. We close with the words of Paul, Rom. 15 ; .'">. 6. 
" Committing you and your congregations to the protection of God and the word of 
his grace." With true effection, we remain. 

Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren, 

Your obedient servants and brethren. 

In the Name of the Classls of Amsterdam. 

R. Perlzonlus, V.D.M. Depp. Ci. h. t. Praeses. 
E. P. G. Van Essen, Depp. C], h. t. Scrlba. 
In our Classical Assembly, 

January 13. 1761. 

The Ct.assis of Amstet^da^m to the Consistoky of Xew ^ ork, 
.Tax. 13, 1761. Vol. ?>1, Page IT, 7. ^''o. 100. 

To the Rev. Consistory in the City of New York. 

Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren : — 

Accompanying this letter we send you the proceedings of the Synod of North 
Holland for 1760. held In this city (Amsterdam). We hope you duly received the 



OF THE State of New York. 3803 

1761 
Minutes of the preceding year. The Classis thought It best to send these docnme-its 
to you, since your place is the chief town in the Province. From you they can be 
sent with greater facility to the other brethren. We request you to be careful of all 
letters, and to forward them to their destination as you have hitherto done. We 
fraternally exhort every member lo be zealous In promoting love and unity. We 
trust that the God of peace may bless you, by pouring out his Holy Spirit upon his 
Church for the upbuilding of Zion. 

ReKcratlng our genuine affection for yon, we subscribe our names, 
Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren, 

In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

R. Perizonlus, V.D.M., Depp. CI. h. t. Praeses. 
B. P. G. Van Esse, Depp. CI. h. t. Scrlba. 
In our Classical Assembly. Jan. 13, 1761. 

Archbishop Secker to the Reverend Dr. [Samuel] Joh^ssox. 

Lambeth, Jan. 20, 1761. 
Good Dr. Johnson 

The University of Oxford have unanimously given Mr. [Henry] Barclay, at my 
request, the Degree of a Doctor of Divinity by a Diploma, which is in my han<^iS, but 
shall be sent to the Doctor in such a manner, as he shall direct. Be pleased in the 
meantime to congratulate him from me on the justice done in this respect to bis 
merit. 

My further inquiries for Tutors In your College, though diligent, continue to be 
unsuccessful. Nor do we find persons to supply our vacant missions, which are now 
seven or eight. Pray is Mr. Glbbs of Simsbury in a condition to do any duty 
properly, and what? and is there any hope, that Mr. Lyons of Brookhaven, 11 removed 
with an admonition, would mend? I hope you will send us over good young men for 
Missionaries, when you can. We must supply the old parishes, before we attempt 
erecting new ones. 

The King hath had no opportunity, as yet, of shewing what his dispositions are 
towards the American Churches, excepting that In general all his dispositions are 
good. But whom he will consult particularly on this head, hath not hitherto 
appeared. I presume the Episcopal Clergy will transmit addresses to him, as their 
predecessors, when they were much fewer, did to the late King. This may lead him 
to enquire concerning them and express himself In relation to them. If any such 
addresses come to me, I will take the best care of them, that I can. 

Ton shall hear further, as occasion may require, from your loving .Brother 

—Col. Doc.?. N. Y. Vol. vii. p. 454. 



Church of [N'ew York. 
Manor of Fordham. 

New York. February 2, 1761. 

Consistory held aftrr calling on God's name. 

Mr. Abraham vau Wyck presented a list of the remaining farms and places on 
the Manor as yet unsold. This matter, the consistory took into serious considera- 
tion. They directed that they should be sold at public vendue at such time and 
place as the committee to be appointed should judge best. The committee consists 
of Messrs. L. Lispenard, T. Marschalk. P. Clopper, A. Lott, Jr. and G. Bapelye. 
.John de Peyster was requested to assist tbeln in leasing such plots of Mr. Harpendlng 
as now are, or soon will be in possession of the church. 

Mr. J. Van Antwerps request for an increase of salary was so far allowed, that eo 
long as he conducts the service to the satisfaction of the congregation, £5, shall be 
added to his salary. 

Catherine Althen was taken on the list of the Poor. 

Signed In name etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. Pres. 



8804 Ecclesiastical Records 

1761 

Rev. Samuel Seabuky to the Society fok Pkopagatinq the 
Gospel. Cnuiicu of Flushing. 

Jamaica, Mnrcli 20, 1701. 
Bevercnd Sir : 

In my last I Informed you that the poople at Flushing were nnlalilng their 
Church. The severe cold weather the past Winter oMIged them to suspeiid the work 
■ome months, but they have now resumed It & lire likely to complete It lu n short 
time, together with a handsome Steeple which was begun last Autumn. The prin- 
cipal expense of this work Is defrayed by Mr. John Asplnwall & Mr. ThoB. Grennall 
two Gentlemen who have lately retired thither from New York. 

Mr. Asplnwall has besides made them a present of a very fine Bell of about five 
hundred weight & I hope the Influence and example of these Gentlemen In their 
regular & constant attendance on divine Service will have some good effect on the 
people of that town Thro' Mr. Aspinwall's means also that Church hath been con- 
stantly supplied the last half year with a Lay Reader one Mr. Tredwell a young 
Gentleman educated at Yale College In Connecllcutt of an amiable character & dispo- 
sition & who intends to offer himself for the service of the (Society) and with 
their permission to go to England next autumn. 
Bev. Sir etc. 

Samuel Seabury 
—Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. HI. p. 197. 

Church of New York. 
Manor of Fordliam. 

New York, April, 1761. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The committee on the public sale of the unsold lands on the Manor of Fordham, 
reported, that the vendue waa held on March 25th, and the following properties 
were sold : 

No. 1. The farm now In possession of Mr. John Archer to John Vermlllie, tor 
£8. per acre, the wood lot excepted. 

No. 13. The farm now In possession of Mr. Mlchlel Odel, to Mlchlel Odel, for 
£6 :10 per acre. This was transferred to Walter Brlggs of Westchester for £100., 
the fourth of the purchase money, was paid down. 

No. D. The Farm, partly In possession of Valentyn, lying to the south of Jacob 
Lent, as far as Mr. de Lancey's mill, was sold for £4 :10 per acre, to Mr. Pieter de 
Lancey. 

The lot adjoining the Farm No. 1, or the lot known as the wood lot, was sold to 
Jacob Valentyn, for £10 :5 per acre. 

Two valley lots, one No. 7, the other known as the church lot, were sold to Joshua 
Bishop for £22 per lot. 

Two lots Valley No. 4 and No. 2, to Joshua Bishop, for £17 :5 per lot 
" " " No. 5 and No. 1, to Donald Morrison, for £17. per lot. 

" No. 13 and No. 0, to Hendrik Brown, for £14 :5 per lot. 
" " No. 8 and No. 12, to Donald Morrison, for £17:15 per lot. 

" " " No. 10 and No. 3, to John Vermlllie, for £10. per lot. 

The piece of land now in possession of Benjamin Coeson was not sold, because the 
lease does not expire till the year 1763. 

Signed, 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 



OF THE State of New York. 3805 

1761 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
(John M. Van Harlingen.) 
1761, April eth. Art. 3. Revs. John Martin Van Harlingen, 
who now also handed in the lacking church certificate, and Leonard 
de Vos, S. S. Theol. Stud., preached sermons on the assigned texts, 
and in so far gave satisfaction that they were admitted to the 
preparatory examination. The Rev. Examiner, Kessler, ques- 
tioned them in the Sacred Original Languages, and on the prin- 
cipal heads of Theology. The last named, (de Vos), gave so 
little satisfaction in any particular, that the Assembly did not feel 
at liberty to accept him as a licentiate. This was announced to 
him with an earnest exhortation to diligence. The other (Van 
Harlingen) gave us so great satisfaction, that with congratulations 
he was admitted to the ofiice of public preaching, after he had 
signed the Formulae of Concord, had taken the oath against 
Simony, had repudiated the condemned opinions of Prof. Roel 
and Dr. Bekker, and had promised to read without change the 
Forms of Baptism and the Supper ; especially the three questions 
of the Baptismal Formula. Of all this a laudable certificate shall 
be given him. The Examiner was thanked for his orderly and 
neat examination, xiii. 265. 

Episcopal Church of Jamaica Petition for a Chakter. 
Aprii. 8, 1761. 

To the Honourable Cadwallader Golden Esq. President of his Majesty's Council 
and Commander In Chief of the Province of New Yorlj and the Territories depending 
thereon in America etc. 

The Petition of the Minister of the Parish of Jamaica & Sundrey of the Inhabi- 
tants of The Town of Jamaica on Nassau Island Communicants & professors of the 
Church of England as by Law Established. (1761) 
Most Humbly Sheweth 

That the Inhabitants of the Town of Jamaica: Members & professors of the 
Church of England as by Law Established : did some years ago by Voluntary 
contributions Erect & finish a decent & Convenient Church in the Town of Jamaica : 
for the Celebration of Divine Service according to the use of the Church of England, 
but that through the Want of some proper Persons to Superintend the Affairs of the 
Same : With Legal Authority, the Building is now Considerably out of Repair, and 
There is danger Least moneys contributed for the Repair of the Same may be 
Improperly Applyed to the Detriment of your Petitioners : & Thro' the want of such 
Persons It also comes to pass that pious and Well Disposed People are Discouraged, 
In their Designs of Establishing & Erecting proper Funds for the Support of the 
Church & its Ministry. Your Petitioners Therefore Humbly beg that your Honour 



380C 



lC<-CLKsiAsiicAi- Hr.ror.it 



1761 



Takclns thone lliInK" '"to foUHUlorntlon would In- pIcnHfU l.i Cniut tis a Charter 
(Incorporntlnjr such IVr»on» as tipou Mature I)flllu»rntlon hUbII be found Worthy) 
with nucb rrlvllP({o« & ImmunitloK ns In Your \YlsiU)iii you hIirII tlilnW Proper, And 
Your Petitioners as in Iiiiiy l.oiind NVIll I'ver I'rny. 
April the 8th. 1701. 



Samuel Senbury. .Ir. Minis 

Robert Ilowell 

Benjamin r.-irpi-nler 

John Ilurbioiis 

John Sniitli 

Jncob (»fi!den 

Joseph Olfield 

Joseph Olfield. Jr. 

John Troup 

.lohn Comes 

• iilbert Comes 



Thoniiis liiixton 
ThoB Itniinc 
Ik-nJ. \Yliltehend 
Samuel Smith 
Wllllum Sherlock 
John Innen 
Richard Bet Is 
Isaac Van hook 
Tbos. IIlDchmau 
Adm. Lawrence. 

—Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. lii, p. 187. 



Church of XE^v York. 
Manor of Fordhain. 

Xew York. April :'>0, ITUl. 
Oonsisrorv lield after calling on God's name. 
Mr. C. Bancker made kno^\^l to the Consistory that .Mr. Abroju 
Van Wyck resigned his commission as overseer of the revenues of 
the Manor. Thereupon the Committee on the affairs of the iManor 
were requested to confer w;ith him concerning w^hat he had done 
beyond his duty, and receive from him the lKX>ks, and deliver them 
to the new treasurer yet to be chosen. 

It \^'as discussed whether the treasurer should be placed on the 
same footing as fonnerly. It was Eesolved, 1. That he shall re- 
ceive for his services a yearly salary of £25. 

2. He .shall be chosen every year at the same time as the Con- 
sistory. 

3. He shall state his account yearly, at the great Reckoning day, 
and also l>e always ready to give account to the consistory when 
asked. 

4. He shall put out no money unless with the knowledge at least 
of the Elders. Thereupon Mr, Adrian Bancker was chosen, to 
serve till the next election, and to be paid pro rata for the time. 

Furthermore Resolved, That the wTitings of the lands sold as 
above named, be sealed ; also some leases or mortgages on the lots 
of Mr. Harpending. Order was given to have some leases printed 



OF THE State of New York. 3801 

and bound together in a lxK>k, to save the cost of continual copying 
and the danger of being scattered. 
Signed, etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Examination and ordination of John Martin Van Harlingen. 

1761, May 4th. Art. 4. John Martin Van Harlingen, S. S. 
Miu. Cand., asks for a final examination, and to be ordained as 
minister in the service of the ISTew K'etherland Churches. This 
%\'as granted to him. In the presence of the High Rev. Deputatus 
Sjnodi, E. Ph. G. van Essen, minister in this city, he preached a 
-sermon on the assigned text 1 Cor. 2:2,^' For I determined not to 
know anything among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified.'' 
He was further examined by the Examiner, William van der Zouw, 
in Hebrew on Psalm 93, and in Greek, on 1 Cor. 2 ; and subse- 
quently on the most important points of our Sacred Theology. In 
all of this he gave so much satisfaction to the Assembly, that with 
much satisfaction (lit. amplitude, and a unanimous vote he was 
adjudged fit for the ministry of the Gospel in those regions. They 
expressed their best washes for God's blessing upon him, and their 
hope and expectation that he will be a very useful instrument for 
the extention of Christ's Kingdom. Eurthermore he was ordained 
in the full meeting, by the Examiner, with the laying on of hands. 
See subsequently Olassis of September 7, 1761 Art. 6. 

xiii. 266. 

Church of ISTew York. 
Manor of Fordham. 

New I'ork, May 7, 1761. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The committee on the affairs of the Manor reported from Mr. 
Abram Van Wyck, that there was a little income from the Manor 
(luring the three years of his administration. This had yielded 
him, in all, only £10. or thereabouts. Therefore he desired to re- 
ceive £20. more, wherewith he would be satisfied. 



1761 



3808 KCCLKSIASTICAL RECORDS 

1761 

Resolved that tliis amount bo pivon him. The Treasurer was 
directed to receive from ^Ir. Van Wyck evervtliing that bclnntrs to 
the ^lanor; to pay him the £20.; and also the £27. 10. which ho 
advanced to the treasury, and then pivo ^Fr. Van Wyvk a receipt 
for the delivery of everything. 

Signed, etc., 

J. Ritzeraa, p. t. President. 

Church of New York. 

Kew York, July 10, 17 Gl. 
Consistory lield after calling on God's name. 
Mr. J. Lansing requested payment of the bond held by him for 
£275. ; but there was no money in the treasury, except that from 
tlie Manor of Fordham, which could be used to discharge this bond. 
Thereupon it was resolved that the Treasurer of the !N[anor take 
from the treasury the tu'o bonds for £300. belonging to the Deacons 
and discharge the bond out of his money. 

That £1000. of the money of the Manor be put out to the Cor- 
poration of the City, at 5 per cent. 

In name, etc. 

J. Eitzema, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Ci^vssis of Amsterdam. 
(Haagoort.) 
1761, July 20th. Art. 1. A letter from Rev. Gerard Haagoort, 
of Second River, of April 6, 1761, was placed in the hands of the 
Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras. xiii. 267. 

Acts of the Syxod of North Holland, July 28-Aug. 6, 1761. 

pp. 38-43. Vol. 64. 

Article 46. 



South and North Hampton; Rev (Jonathan) Du Bois, pastor; Families, 47; 
members, 55 ; from Oct. 1759-Oct. 17G0, 15 children baptized. His church Is 
satisfied with him. He has thought, however, of leaving. 

It makes known that an important church at Amwyl, (Amwell), New Jersey, 
about 38 English miles, (13 hours) from Philadelphia, as well as a church at Easton, 
a village recently begun, about 60 miles from Philadelphia, In Pennsylvania, had 



OP THE State of New York. 3809 

requested the Coetus to call a minister for each of them, with the promise of fifty 
pounds annually, for support ; and, on the part of Amwyl, traveling expenses and 
free residence besides. Wherefore the Coetus asks that the Deputies and Com- 
missioners of the Classis of Amsterdam call and send ministers for those churches. 

The Deputies (of the Synods) and the Commissioners of the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam neither could nor would disregard the request of the (German) Coetus 
for the churches at Amwyl (Amwell) and Easton. Wherefore, they had made 
inquiries for obtaining capable men, and, upon information received, had called 
Rev. Johannes Jacobus Irlen, candidate at Kleene, as minister for Amwyl, but 
without success. They had called also Rev. Casparus Michael Stapel formerly a 
Lutheran minister at Rostok, in the Duchy of Mecklenberg, but who had gone over 
to the Reformed Religion. His motive for this change he had set forth in the 
German language. These were translated into Dutch, and were printed at the 
Hague by Van Cleef in 1760. After having been satisfactorily examined and 
ordained by the Deputies of both Synods, he was sent as minister to the church of 
Amwyl. The Deputies of this Synod gave him 12 ducats for a viaticum. The 
Deputies and Commissioners of the Classis of Amsterdam will further try to secure 
a capable minister for the church of Easton. They have resolved to send 2000 
florins for the Pennsylvania churches 



1761 



.'ISIO K'TLEStASTICAL RKrORPS 

ADM I MS I i:.\l ION i)V LIKin'KXANTGOVKIiNOIU AD 
W A I . I A I > I I : ( 'OLDEN, AUGUST 8-OCTOIiER 26, 1 7 •. l . 

Petition fou J.eavk to Collect Funds for Building a New 
Minister's House at New Kochelle, iok Rkv. Mk-hakl 
lIouDiN, August 19, 1761. 

To tlm Hononrnblp CnrtwallRder (Oldrn Esq. I,lp\it<'nant Govornor ft Commander In 
rblof of the I'rovlnrp of N>w York h Tprrltorlr« Thnrpon Depending In America etc. 
A IVtitlon of Siindr.T ..f tlm InliMi.ltnntH of Now Ho^IhII Melonging to the Cburch 
of England. 
Sir: 

The Society for I'roiiBKatlon of the Gospel In Korelgn I'artH liave l)een ao 
Charitable n» to Appoint Mr. Iloudin — a french Refugee, a Gentleman of a good 
Character SiicccBsor to Ihelr Late Worthy MlRslonary nt New Rochcll the Reverend 
Mr. Stoupe — In Conslderntlon of which I'nrtlctilar Regard they Require and Insist 
that the People at New Rochell shotild Do their Utmost to make Mr. Houdln a 
Comfortable Support and that they should Immediately Put the Parsonage House In 
Good Repair Wo are ready & willing to exert ourselves to the utmost according to 
our abilities, but to those that are acquainted with the circumstances of the People 
professing the Church at New Rochell It will appear to Require the Utmost Exertion 
of Our Abilities to Efford that Necessary Support To Mr. Iloudin that the Society 
Expect & Require & If we should be Obliged to Raise four Hundred Pounds To Build 
a Now Parsonage House. The Old Being So Decayed that It Is thought by no means 
Worth Repairing Especially at this Burthensome Time We have the Greatest Reason 
To fear that It will be so F^xtremely heavey that Many will be Discouraged & In that 
Case that Mr. Hotidln Mtist Leave us, tho' he Is the only Minister In the Place, & 
Indeed there are But few Besides Professors of the Church of England In the Place 
& We liave reason to hope that they may be Induced To Conform Should A Worthy 
Minister Continue Among Us — Upon tho.sc Considerations We Beg Your Honour Will 
Be Pleased To Grant A Brief through this Province To Collect the Aforesaid Sum 
of four Hundred Pounds for Building a New Parsonage House To Repair the 
Church In this Place & your I'etltloners As In Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray etc. 

Barnard Rynlander James De Blez 

.lacobus Bleecker Isaac Gulon 

David Lesplnard Jean Soullce 

Peter Bartlne 

August 19th 1761. 

Read In Council & granted. 

—Doc. HlBt. N. Y. Vol. Ill, p. 577. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
(Ileyer.) 
1761, Oct. 5th. Art. 13. Rev. Jolm Henry Heyer, S.S. Theol. 
Student, after preaxjliing a sermon on an assigned text, was ques- 
tioned by Rev. Examiner Kessler in the Hebrew and Greek Lan- 
guages, at the chapters indicated to him, and also carefully 
examined in the principal articles of our Sacred Tlieology. 
Therein he gave so much satisfaction by his answers that with an 
admonition to diligence, and after he had taken the oath against 
Simony, had repudiated the condemned opinions of Prof. Roel and 



OF THE State op New York. 3811 

Dr. Bekker, and signed the Fonnulae of Concord, he was admitted 
as a licentiate, Avith a prayer for a blessing on him. He also 
promised to read without change the Forms of Baptism and the 
Supper. On occasion of this examination it was resolved to con- 
sider more fully whether the Examinees could not be heard some- 
what more at length in their sermons. xiii. 281, 282. 

1761, Oct. 8. The Coetus, per Erickson and Lejdt, to the 
Chissis of Amsterdam. See Extract, April 5, 1762. 

The CONFERENTIB TO THE ClASSIS OF AmsTEEDAM, OcT. 15, 

1761; With a Postsckipt, Feb. 25, 1762. 

We render our grateful acknowledgments to you for sending us the Acts of the 
Synod, with the accompanying letter of the 13th of January, 1761. The Inclosed 
letter to the (Coetus) brethren we gave the same day that It arrived to Dom. Leydt, 
who was then in the city. 

Dora. Leydt has just printed (as we are informed by Dom. Adslns, of Philadelphia,) 
a book at Amsterdam, which no doubt has already come under your notice. As it 
refers to us among others, we have concluded to-day to publish our observations 
upon it, and thus to make known to everybody what otherwise we would gladly have 
been silent about. And we are the more induced to this course, because Do. Leydt. 
we are assured, the day before yesterday, gave the letter of the Rev. Classls to a 
printer, to have five hundred copies circulated, and thus declare to the whole world 
the answer of the Classls, condemning us, and justifying them. What the conse- 
quences will be. time must show ; for these papers will be found in every congrega- 
tion in the land, whether of the old ministers, as they call us, or of the so-called 
Coetus. 

We have also resolved, as soon as our refutation is printed, to send to you a copy 
by the first opportunity, and also the little book of Dom. Leydt. in order that the 
two may open your eyes, you having so often complained that the matter was too 
obscure for you to pronounce a decision upon it. 

The Classls, in their letter of December, 1726, which we have caused to be 
printed in our defence, said that It was not only an adviser, but a judge. Now this 
is just the question: Who shall be the judgeT the decision of which was desired 
by us long ago, before matters reached the present height, when announcements were 
made only from the pulpit, and things which are now under the eye of every one, 
remained within the congregation. 

What we affectionately desire from you Is a categorical statement, which will 
make peace in consistency with the maintenance of the truth. Otherwise, we shall 
be compelled to lay the whole dispute from the beginning onward, as from time to 
time it has been presented to you, before the Rev. Christian Synod ; because it is 
impossible for us, without making ourselves the scorn of all true Christians, to 
acquiesce in a different decision on your part. 

As our answer to Dom. Leydt's book speaks for us, we will not detain you with 
a longer letter, but conclude with heartfelt wishes for God's blessing upon your 
persons and work. 

With all esteem. Rev. and Honored Brethren, wo subscribe ourselves. 
Your servants and fellow-laborers, 

G. W. Manclus 
.T. Rltzema 
Lamb. De Ronde 
.John Schuyler 
Done In our Conferentie A. Rosenkrantz 

Assembly, New York, Oct. U. Van Sinderen 

15, 1761. John Caspar Rubel 

Benj. Van Der Linde. 



1761 



1761 



3812 Ecclesiastical Kkcouds 

r. S. — Accordlnu to the above-montlonod dplermlnatlon, we send you a copy of 
Dom. lycydt's l)ook, nnd two of outb, on the datp below ; bocnuBe no earlier oppor- 
tunity offorod. SInre our ineftInK a notable decision hna occurred In the vlllaKe of 
Tappan, which we briefly mention, that you may aoe what a turbulent follow there !■ 
amoHK that people. The minister, without direction from the conKrcKntlon or 
Consistory, had enRaged, with other ministers of the so-called Coetus. to obtalD 
from the (Jovernor of New .lorsey a chakteh for the erection of an academy In that 
province. ThlrtyelRht beadg of families took this so 111, that they refused to pay the 
iJomlne'g salar.v, and when asked the reason of their refusal, asslKnod this, which 
however, was not admitted. The minister still adherloK obstinately to his purpose, 
used all means to accomplish It ; and when refused by one governor, souRht It from 
his 8ucceB8<irB. And. as he would not yield his desljni, nor they consent to pay 
salary, they were all put under censure; and then the preatest portion of them, 
with their famllloB, forsook public worship ; and this has lasted for two months. 
We expect nothing better In all the congregaflonH. where they get the control. 
Queens County Is also excited about a minister, with what result time will show. 
Klnjrs County Is reaping the fruit of a long-desired peace, such as has been 
unknown there for many years ; and therein we also may rejoice, although how long 
is known only to God. 

(Signed,) Your servants and fellow-laborers, 

John RItzema 
Lambertui De Ronde. 
New York, Feb. 26, 1762. 



OP THE State of New York. 3813 

1761 



ADMINISTRATIO:^ OF LIEUTEITANT-GOVERKOR CAD- 
WALLADER GOLDEN, NOVEMBER 18, 1761-JUNE 
14, 1762. 

Other Items iisr 1761. 

Dr. \¥lieelock begins to labor among the Mobawks. Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4to., iv. 313. 

Jan. 2. Trinity Cburcb, New York, resolves to raise £500. for 
a new organ. Dix, Hist, Trinity Cburcb, Vol. i. 296. 

March 1. Sir Wm. Jobnson to Rev. Jean B. R^ubanlt 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. iv. 196. 

March 27. Rev. Mr. Brown to Sir. Wm. Jobnson. Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. iv. 196. 

Nov. 17. Sir Wm. Jobnson to Rev. Eleazer WTieelock. Doc- 
Hist. N. Y. iv. 197. 



First Episcopal Church of Schenectady. (1762). 

The first English Church, called St. George, was erected under the auspices of 
Mr. John W. Brown, who came from England sometime preceding the year 1762, 
when the Episcopal church was founded. Its principal benefactors were Sir Wm. 
Johnson and John Duncan, Esq. Previous to the Revolution, this church owned a 
valuable library. This together with the organ and a greater part of the interior 
work was destroyed by some Indians and a gang of lawless whites. Strange as It 
may seem these whites were Whigs ! of such as were all passion and little sense 1 
It was called and considered " the English church," and as such their rage was 
against everything English. They of course thought it was under British Influence. 
They even meditated the destruction of the pastor's, Mr. Doty's property ; but they 
knew not his place of abode, and as none would inform them, he escaped their Ire. 
Their first pastor was the Rev. Wm. Andrews, he was succeeded in 1773, by the 
Rev. Mr. Doty, who left his charge in 1777, probably as a Tory. There was no 
settled minister again until 1791, when the Rev. Amml Rogers took the charge, 
and has since been succeeded by the Rev. Mr. Whitmore, the Rev. Cyrus Stebblna, 
and the Rev. P. A, Proal. 

— Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. Ix, p. 123. 



•'^>S14 KCCI>KSIASTICAL KbCOUDS 

1762 

Acts of titk (Ji.assis oi- Amstkkdam. 

(Coetus of Now York.) 

1762, April 5ili. Art. !♦. Tliero was also received a letter from 
the so-called Cootiis of New York and Jersey, signed by the Presi- 
dent and Clerk, New Brunswick, October 8, 1761. 

The Deputies read an answer to the same, and it was approved 
and ordered to be dispatched. xiii. 288. 

Acts of the Deputies. April 5, 1762. 

Extracts from a letter of the Coetus per Erickson and Ilardenberg, 
to the Classis of Amsterdam, dated Oct. 8, 1761. (In Vol. 33, 
page 41. No. 313.) 

Letter from the so-called Coetus of New York and New Jersey, 
signed at New Brunswick, Oct. 8, 1761, by Reinhart Erickson, 
President and Jacob Rutsen Hardenberg, Scribe. 

Although not exactly belonging to their Coetus (Conferentie?) 
they wTite a reply to our letter, addressed to the Consistories in the 
Province of New York, Jan. 13, 1761. This contained two 
articles, which, when the last effort for union was made, retarded 
the securement of peace; nevertheless they were so devised, as to 
be sufficient to remove every obstacle, and recommend peace and 
union in one Coetus. For the highest good they had resolved to 
make peace. Eor the sake of i3eace they are inclined and intend 
to sliow a yielding spirit as before. AVhile preseiwing a good con- 
science, according to the Word of God and the Reformed Church 
Order, they are •u'illing to do whatever is calculated to promote the 
r^t and edification of the churches, and to overlook many circum- 
stances so as to come to a union. To that end also they have 
determined to enter into negotiations themselves with the Con- 
ferentie Assembly. They promise to cominiinicate to us the result. 



OP THE ESTATE OP NeW YoRK. 3815 

1763 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of Kew Yoek, 
April 5, 1762. Vol. 31, Page 168. No. 118. 

To the Coetus of l^ew York. 

Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren : — 

x^fter having waited a long time for good tidings from your 
country, hoping to hear of good residts accomplished by our letter 
of Jan. 13, 1761,* we finally received a communication from 
Brunswick, dated Oct. 8, 1761, t and signed by a president and 
secretary (Erickson and Leydt.) We learned therefrom that 
our letter, with the Acts of the Synod of Korth Holland, which 
we sent to your city, had arrived safely. Our letter directed 
to the Consistories of the Province of New York,** belonged to 
both the Coetus and Conferentie. We thought it best thus to 
address you, without excluding either party, until you are all 
united again in one common Coetus. 

We were very glad to learn that our preceding letter had excited 
some hope in reference to your affairs ; that the two obstacles which 
you mentioned, were removed by the suggestions of our letter. We 
hope that peace may be promoted in the way indicated. We trust 
we have made ourselves an example in Christian peace-making and 
toleration, passing by many minor circumstances. May the God of 
peace promote the precious work among you, causing it to advan.ce 
from proper principles unto its complete establishment and con- 
tinuance. brethren, dwell together, being of one mind, in order 
that the shattered walls of Zion may be repaired. May we soon 
hear of this desirable issue, the sooner the better. Would that it 
may be already accomplished when you receive this letter. We 
send you the Acts of the Synod of North Holland for 1761, as an 
evidence of our desire to continue our fraternal correspondence. 
Now the God of peace himself give you peace always by all means. 
With love we subscribe our names, 

Rev. Gentlemen and Much-beloved Brethren, 
Your obedient servants and brethren 

J. J. Kessler, Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
In the Name of the 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
April 5, 1762. 

'No. 898. tNo. 904. ♦•No. 897. 



1763 



3816 Ecclesiastical Recorus 

Revekeni) Dr. Samifel Johnson to Ahchiushop Seckeb. 

KliiKs Coll.. New York, April 10. 1702. 
May It please Your Grace 

I am most humbly thankful to your Grace for the honour you have done me In 
constituting me your proxy at our Board, the second Instrument being now arrived, 
and I ajn sorry the loss of the first has put your Grace to the trouble of sending 
another. 

I come now, my Lord, most humbly to thank your Grace, for tho rnrp and trouble 
you have taken about providing Tutors for us ; on which I shall not m i-d to enlarge, 
as 1 conclude Your Grace must, by this time, have received an auHwcr to your 
Message by Mr. Read. I am convinced by the Reasons you give, that the gentleman 
I mentioned would not have well suited us. but I Intlrely submitted It to your 
Grace's Judgment, and I hope Mr. Cooper may suit us very well, and release me In 
a degree from the dally drugery of tuition, which grows too tedious for my years, 
being far In my 66th. I only wish he were a little older, that he might be the better 
qualified to succeed me. If I should soon be called off. But the difficulty Is, that the 
College cannot well provide for the support both of him and me at the same time, 
In our present circumstances. 

The Bresident's Business here Is, to oversee and govern the College, to read 
prayers, moderate In Disputations and prescribe Exercises, and to hold commence- 
ments and give Degrees, and besides, to act the part of a tutor to one of the Classes, 
(I have often two.) all which the Vice-president must do In my absence, and be 
always one of the Tutors, living In a Collegiate way, at a common Table, at the 
expence of about six shillings sterling per week, for meer board. 

I am greatly obliged to Your Grace for suggesting to those great men the 

importance of sending us good and religious G rs, and am glad they admit 

the request to be very reasonable and Important, and wish It may be always admitted, 
and the choice considered with great care: but cannot say our present case Is a 

great deal mended. The G 1 appointed for us seems a very humane, generous 

and benevolent gentleman ; but how he will conduct in respect to what I mentioned, 
there has not been yet opportunity to see. since his accession. It would be a very 
unfortunate thing for such a Country as this, if any time hereafter a gentleman In 

that high station should neglect religion and keep a m s: a thing we have too 

much reason to fear may come to pass. 

Indeed I fear the times are so bad. that It will be difficult to find many Gentle- 
men, otherwise likely to gain such stations, that have much sense of Religion left. — 
Our only Hope, under God, Is in (what Y'our Grace mentions next, to my Inex- 
pressible Joy,) the example and Influence of our most excellent young Sovereign, 
whose unquestionable sincerity In his Declarations, I do. with Your Grace, most 
earnestly pray, may ever be preserved Incorruptible. — Blessed be God for the happy 
unanimity of the nation, and the good dispositions of Lord Halifax towards our 
being in due time provided for with Bishops, and your good hopes relating to that 
affair. I was sorry for the premature mention of It In the Boston Address, and am 
very thankful for your Candid acceptance of the Draught I presumed to send to be 
considered In Its proper time, and for presenting our Addresses to His Majesty, 
particularly the Governors of the College for your presenting theirs, and I doubt 
not of Your Grace's Influence, when you have a proper opportunity, that he may 
become a kind benefactor to it. 

As to Rye (though I have once or twice put them upon applying to the Society,) 
I suppose the Reason why they have not, has been, because they have been trying 
and desirous to get one they know, In these parts, but have not yet succeeded, and 
they are too much governed by an overbearing gentleman there, a member of our 
Assembly, who I doubt not has but little regard to religion, which was also the case 
at West Chester. As to what Mr. Wetmore writes, the case Is this : The Govern- 
ment formerly, when they had a religious Governor, established the Church in 



OP THE State of New York. 3817 

1763 

several parishes, viz. New York with a Salary of 100 per annum Statten Island, 
West Chester, Rye, Jamaica and Hempstead with 50 per annum to be raised from the 
people ; to whom by their Church Wardens and Vestry, the Law gives a right of 
presentation. The Society adds 50 St. but if they send them a minister, he must 
also be chosen by the people and inducted by order of the Governor, in order to be 
intltied to their Salary. As on the other hand, they may chuse and present a 
Minister, and he Is inducted, and then they apply to the Society for their Salary. 
And there never was but one Instance wherein the Society refused, viz. at Statten 
Island, because the person inducted had not had the Society's leave to remove. 

I hoped Rye would have chosen young Mr. Wetmore to succeed his father, whom 
the people generally like, but there is such a faction against him, influenced by the 
person above mentioned (tho' without any good reason) that I doubt it will not do, 
I wish instead of Amboy Mr. Palmer had been appointed there, who would doubtless 
have been accepted and Inducted : and this I wish may yet be done : because Amboy 
had so much set their hearts on Mr. Mc Kean, that they are utterly averse, I hear, 
to having Mr. Palmer, who is equally averse to going thither, and will be very 
unhappy if he does. I expect every day an earnest petition both from him and his 
people at Litchfield to the Society, that he may be continued where he is. And 
indeed It is highly expedient he should ; as there is vastly more duty to do in that 
County than Mr. Davis can do with advantage, and indeed full enough for them 
both. — But if the Society cannot afford to continue him where he is, I beg he may be 
appointed at Rye. 

I wish, when there Is a new Bishop of London, that Commissaries may soon be 
appointed who, among other things should direct the Clergy to take turns to preach 
and administer in such vacant places. — And I beg leave, my Lord, to observe, that 
it is a great pity, when patents are granted, as they often are, for large Tracts of 
Land, no provision is made for Religion or Schools. I wish therefore Instructions 
were given to our Governours never to grant patents for Townships or villages, or 
large Manours, without obliging the Patentees to sequester a Competent portion for 
the support of Religion and Education. 

Some worthy persons in these parts are not without apprehensions concerning a 
certain gentleman gone to England from America this winter whose ambition 1b 
remarkable, that (excepting there would have been a peace,) one of his designs was, 
to have endeavoured to be made the first Bishop of America : which, if it could be 
supposed to take place, would be very disgustful to the generality of the Church in 
these parts, nor can It be Imagined that any one from hence would be acceptable. 

Your Grace's most obliged and 

most dutiful Son and most obedient humble Servant, 

(signed) Samuel Johnson. 

—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vii, pp. 494-8. 



Church of ISTew York. 

Request for English Preaching. 

:N^ew York, May 3, 1762. 
Messrs. Jacobus Roosvelt and Philip Livingston presented a re- 
quest, signed hj a great number of members of the congregation, 
as well as others, together with a request from young men baptized 
and partly reared in our church, for the services of a minister using 
the English language for our church, according to the Nether- 
landish Constitution. This having been read and considered, 



'<81.S KccLEsiASTicAi, Hkcords 

1762 

ritt»ivoil flir following' :ul^\v<•^, a copy of whicli was also piven to 
the petitioners at t.licir rc(iuo.st. 

Answer: The Consistory find in tli** luojM.siil of th<' petitioners 
Tiiany things, whicli occur to thcni, as projwr aixl Ixxxuning, and for 
whicli reasons the subject deserves close attention. But it also 
appears from the names of the signers, that there is a great numl)cr 
of members, to whom they, owe no less consideration, who have not 
signed said petition. Therefore as guardian of the quiet and wel- 
fare of the congi-egation, we do not find r.nrselves in a condition to 
give immediately such an answer as is perhaj)^ expected, but we are 
compelled to delay a little. 

Thus done etc., 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
Itev. John Arondeus, suspended, seeks a call to the West Indies. 
1762, May 3rd. Art. G. The Deputies ad res Exteras make 
known that John. Arondeus, formerly a minister on Long Island, 
was in the year (1750), declared by the Classis of Amsterdam 
unfit to preach and to perform the other functions of the Sacred 
Ministry. This declaration was placed by the Clerk of Classis 
upon one of his papers, so that those unacquainted should not be 
deceived thereby. aSTevertheless, he has not scrupled to ask the 
Messrs. Directors of the West India Company that he might go as 
preacher to the West Indies. They referred him to the Deputies. 
To these he showed a quasi-renewed certificate from New York, 
in which did not appear the above mentioned declaration (of sus- 
pension) of the Classis of Amsterdam, and to whicb circumstances 
also he did not in the least allude. The Deputies rebuked him 
for his deceptive conduct, and announced to him that he could not 
be recommended by them for securing any pastorate until he were 
reliabilitated by the Classis of Amsterdam. The Deputies also 
gave the Messrs. Directors an account of what had happened with 
this John Arondeus, in order that the duplicity he had practiced 
might be exposed, and its repetition prevented in the future. 

xiii. 291. 



OF THE State of New York. 3819 

1768 

Church of New York. 
Opposition to English Preacliing, Other Plans. 

:N"ew York, May IH, 1762. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Messrs. Abel Hardenhrock, Jacobus Stoiitenburg and others, pre- 
sented a request, signed by a great number of members of the con- 
gregation. This being read and considered, the ans\\er was, that • 
the consistory would do their utmost to satisfy both parties, if at 
all possible. Thereupon domine Eitzema presented two propo- 
sitions, enquiring if these would not meet the view^s of both parties. 

1. The call of a Professor of Theology who also has the ability to 
preach in English, and who shall have an evening turn in the ISTew 
Church, for which pro}>er provision can be made. 

2. Or the caU of an English preacher, according to the Con- 
stitution of the N^etherlandish Church, yet that he and those of the 
congregation who desire an English minister may have a con- . 
sistoiy by themselves, ^vithout coming into the coUeagueship of the 
Dutch consistory ; and the consistory shall provide for the payment 
of such minister, and he shall preach in the IsTew Church at such 
times as shall be satisfactory to the congi-egation. 

This the. President undertook to explain more fully. He also 
requested anyone who had or knew anything that was better, to 
bring it forward. This domine de Ronde and others promised 
to do. 

The President then represented that it behooved the consistory 
to take into serious consideration : 

1. The securing of the privileges [charter rights] of the Dutch 
Church to the same, so that the consistory, neither now nor in the 
future, should use them for the support of an English minister or 
ministers. 

2. The minister or ministers shall always be of the ^N^ether- 
landish Constitution which was confirmed in the Synod of Dort 
1618, 1619, and shall subscribe all the Standards of Doctrine, and 
preach one a week on the Heidelberg Catechism. 



.'?S20 Ecclesiastical Kkcords 

1702 

;;. IIo shall 1)0 ill full f<-ll(.\\>lii]i with our Church, to tx^ach 
along with the Dutcli, and to rule jointly with tho Consistory; that 
tlie Dnfcli and the English shall make togothor only ono congrega- 
tion ; alth<nigh tho est^ites granted in the cliarlrr nml confinned by 
the Act of Assonihly, shall remain definitely for tho Dutch, 

4. That in order to settle satisfactorily the disyinte about tho 
seasons in the New Church to which divine s<^'rvice in English shall 
be limited, the arrangement shall 1^ to establish an evening service 
there first, and afterward to put it in. the morning or afternoon, at 
the usual time of worship. 



Thus done in our meeting, 



J. Kitzema, p. t. President. 



New York, May 17, 1762. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The farther explanation, of domine Ritzema's two propositions 
in the last consistory w^as presented. Also another plan of Mr. 
Clopper, relative to the English minister yet in full communion 
with our Church, etc. Then came again the first petitioners, with 
papers of gToater urgency than before, especially with a view to 
remove the point on w^hich the second petitioners stuck fast. They 
stated these positions. They were then proposed by the President, 
in the name and presence of the first party, to the second, as fol- 
lows : 

1. The English minister should be in full communion with the 
Dutch Church and under the same consistory. 

2. The payment of the English minister should be singly and 
only from voluntary subscriptions. 

3. The Consistory coming in from time to time, (when chosen to 
office,) shall, under the subscription for the payment of the minis- 
ters, in every case, bind themselves not to touch the Dutch treasury 
for the English preacher, but to keep the Dutch treasury intact. 

This proposal, accx)mpanied with reasons by the President, 
found, however, small acceptance among those to whom it was 
addressed ; and so they separated, with nothing done. 



OF THE State op New York. 3821 

1762 

Thereiipon the consistory, considering further what was to be 

done, resolved to examine the confirmatory Act of Assembly, which 

Act relates to the New Church also ; and to see if it limits us, as 

the first charter does in relation to the Old Church. 

This done etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President 

New York, May 18, 1762. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The committee to examine the Confirmatory Act of Assembly re- 
ported, that they found nothing there to show any danger of for- 
feiting our Charter, in case an English minister was admitted in 
the ISTew Church. Thereupon the entire Act was read in the 
meeting. jSTo one observed anything of that nature. The first 
petitioners thus put out of the way what the second petitioners had 
insisted on to some degree, namely, the fear of losing the church- 
estates. The following matter was then taken up : that, let the 
service be limited as much as men pleased it would, nevertheless 
not work well for one and the same Consistory to sit under both 
ministrations. Either each congregation should be by itself, or 
else a new Consistory should be chosen consisting of three Elders 
and four Deacons, who should occupy their own place under the 
(English) minister to be called; and the same number as usual, 
namely six Elders and eight Deacons should remain for the Dutch, 
yet all making together one congregation and one consistory. 
Endeavors should be made with this proposal to reconcile both 
parties to each other. 

Signed etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President 

Acts op the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Approval of the Call of Rev. Blaauw. 

1762, June 7th. Art. 2. Rev. Cornelius Blaauw, minister on 
East Vlieland, was called by the elders and deacons, unanimously 
as a minister in the province of New Netherland in North America, 
for the villages of Pompton (Plains), Totowa, and Gansegat 



:'.SJL* KccLKsiAsi i< Ai. Kk.< (tuns 

1762 

( Fail-Held). II<' nM|Uf'.sis that, ilii- ciill ni:iy 1»«^ foriified by the 
Clnssis with its ii|»)in»val. TIk- ( "lii>>is tiiidiiii: ilii> <':ill sat.isfiictory 
and on tJie doHaration of IJ< v. lllaauw that ho accepts the same in 
tho foar of the Lord. a]>pr<^>ves sjud ejiJl Avith jn-avcr for a blos^inj:; 
iilH>ii liim. After his dismission from the (,'onsifctory and the 
Olassis of Knkhnisen. liov. Blaauw Mas installed l>y the Rev. 
( Deputies ) ad res Kxteras in tho Saered Mini-try ( for said places.) 

xiii. 202. 

PSAJ.MS BY VoET. BuSING. 

Art. 4. The rhymed Psalms of E. Voet, mm suis, of Psalm 
73-88 inelnsive, and also tAvo treatises by IMr. P»nsing, being exer- 
eises on selected subjects — wore likewise approve<l. xiii. 29'k 

Acts of the Classis of AMSTERDA>r. 
Peport of Committee on the RhjTned Psalms. 

Art. 5. The Ttev. Comniittee on the Rhymed Psalms report that 
with great care they took into consideration some copies of Rhymed 
Psalms, and now read a report (pre-advice) bearing- on the sub- 
ject. 

This report (pre-advico) A\ith tlie appended specimens, will 
remain sealed np, and in the hands of the sexton. He shall keep 
them in readiness, so that each member may have an opportunity 
to examine them. Put all the members who do this also pledge 
themselves to make no copies of any of them, but only to sign his 
name -underneath (these Rhymed Psalms) after reading them; 
and then to seal them up again with his own seal. The Rev. 
Committee are cordially thanked for their manifold pains and 
explanation. A copy of this resolution shall be laid with these 
aforesaid papers. The members are requested to appear at the 
next following Coetus [Assembly] in order to come to a conclusion 
ill reference to them. xiii. 293. 294. 



OF THE State of New York. 38ii 

Correspondence From America. 

KcY. Abraham Keteltas to the Classis of Amsterdam, June 7, 1762, 

(Abstract, VoL 33, page 51. ^o. 324.) 

Queens Counity, Jamaica, 
June 7th, 1762 
Reverend Sirs:— 

The object of this letter to your Revs, by a stranger, will become clearer fro.icQ 
the letters of the Kevs. Ritzema, De Ronde, Van Sinderen, and Rubel, and of the 
Consistories of the four united churches of Queens County, with which this church 
is united. Your Revs, will see from these letters, that I am called unanimously, by 
these Consistories, in the name of their congregations, to the office of Pastor ar.d 
Minister among them. 

It may reasonably be expected in such a weighty affair as this, your Revs, will 
desire some special account of my person and the circumstances of this call. Id 
order to satisfy your desire, I write to your Revs the following account, with all 
humility and respect. 

At present I am a member of the Presbytery of New York. I was examined 
by that Body in the regular way, and was subsequently ordained. This your Revs, 
will learn from the letters of Messrs. Ritzema and De Ronde. That Presbytery, 
with several others, is under the Synod of New York and Philadelphia. This 
Synod receives as her Articles of Faith and Rules of Church Government and Wor- 
ship, the same as those used in the Church of Scotland. The Westminster Con- 
fession of Faith and the Scotch Directory of Worship must necessarily be adopted 
by all who place themselves under the jurisdiction of this Synod. 

It was my conviction that there was no real difference between the Presbyterian 
churches under the jurisdiction of the Synod and our Dutch Church, in which 
1 was educated and first received as a member:— I say, it was this conviction, as 
well as a very considerable knowledge of and practice in the English language, 
more than in the Dutch, which led me, after I had directed my thoughts to the 
ministry, to unite with the English Presbyterians, to preach the Gospel among 
them. 

After I had preached a few sermons, I was invited by the English Presbyterians 
in Elizabeth Town, New Jersey, which is situated about twenty English miles from 
the City of New York, to preach to that congregation at that time without a min- 
ister. That church was then vacant on account of the removal of their former 
minister, in accordance with the action of the Presbytery, on account of disputes 
which had arisen in that congregation. It' is the largest and most important 
English Presbyterian church in New Jersey. With the tenderest evidences of 
affection, I was then called to that charge to be their pastor and minister. I 
accepted the call and was installed in the service among them in a solemn manner, 
by the Presbytery, on the second Wednesday in September, Anno Domini 1757, in 
the twenty-lifth year of my age. 

I remained a little more than three years in Elizabeth Town. Then disputes 
arose in the congregation and animosities developed toward me. This led me, 
together with some others in the congregation, to request a release, through the 
Presbytery, from my charge. This took place on October 1st, 1760. 

After these things I realized most profoundly the uncertainty of a settlement 
in the Presbyterian churches. I was also cut to the heart by the cruelty and 
ingratitude of the people. But being reasonably provided with the necessaries of 
life, through the gracious Providence of God, and after much depression of feeUng 
and earnest pleadings before the Father of Wisdom for his direction, I bought a 
farm in Jamaica, Long Island, and went thither with my family on the 1st day of 
May 1761. 

One of the most important reasons for my removal to Jamaica was the oppor- 
tunity which it gave me to preach the Gospel to a poor English congregation at 
Hempstead. They had been without a pastor for more than twenty years, and 
were not at all solicitous about their own miserable condition. They were botb 



17( 



'■.821 Ecclesiastical Uecords 

1762 

unHblo nnrt dorllnod to support n pn»tor. nn«l nlmt! tlint It miiHt bo Hnid, for Buch 
rvnHoiiH too imicli dr-RplncO nnd ncRlin'tPd liy the nilnlHtprN. I pn>n<'bod more than 
a ycnr In tliU roiigrfjcnllon. It proHporod l>y my m-nlcon; and llic pi-oplo even 
bcgnn to iipptvolnto the prlvlloRp of dlvliip KorvlroB ho nnirh thnt they offered to 
pay tne n snlnry. I hope nnd pxpe<"t thnt under the Rood hand of (Jod, my pri-nrh- 
Inic among them will reHuIf In the permniient rceHliildlHhment of pnhllc nervlrpH 
among tliem. Knt while I wnx pn>nehlnK nt ni-nipHleiid, mime of the lM)t<-h, tlio 
dooFH of whose rlnirrlies were then cloned, cnme to hear me, and cxpreHsed a deKlre 
to cnll me to Rervlro among them. 

Vonr Iters, may be nssiired that nil this took place without any siiggoHtlon on mjr 
part. I was an entire Hiranger to all matters pertaining to their calling me which 
were In progress In the Dutch congregations, until the Consistory was on the very 
point of giving expression to their desires. Your Revs, may well understand that 
1 was very ninrh sunirlsofl when asked by the Consistory after a recital of what 
the Consistory bad done, If I would accept the charge of their four united congre- 
gations. 1 gave then) the following answer: that I could not at once decide on so 
Important a matter, but that I feared that I could not forsake my ordination by the 
English; and then, too, my small abilities In the Dutch language would be an 
obstacle thereto. They answered that they had spoken with the neighboring Hutch 
ministers concerning my ordination nnd their own affairs, nnd that those ministers 
thought that the suggested obstacles would be no hindrance to the call. 

Furthermore, the Consistories desired me to go with them to visit the neighbor- 
ing mlnlstors, and talk with them on all these matters. This I did, and the result 
of the conference was that the Consistories were encouraged by Messrs. Ritzema 
and Kubel, to go through the congregations to make up a cnll for me. The min- 
isters, moreover, declared that such call would be confirmed In Holland by the Rev. 
C'lassls of Amsteklam (Amsterdam.) 

Subsequently, by the advice and with the consent of the aforesaid ministers, but 
not before, the Consistories obliged me to preach successlvel.v In all their four 
churches. Then the fotir (-onsistorles, upon the unnnlmnus rerjuost, and In the 
name of the four congregations, presented their call to me. And notwithstanding 
the desires of the congregation of Hempstead to retain my services, I accepted this 
call after due consideration. It was done with prayers to God to direct me as to 
my duty, and In order to promote the greatest good of Christ's kingdom, and antici- 
pating that the same would be confirmed by your Rev. fMassis. If the Classls Is 
willing to receive me as a brother, I am willing to subordinate myself to the same 
In all ecclesiastical matters, under Christ. 

Reverend Kathers and Brethren, thus stands the matter. In the bosom of your 
Church 1 was educated and have always highly esteemed her. And now. In order 
to promote her prosperity, I am willing, while I hope for the help of God's Spirit 
and the affection of your Rev. Classls, to give my weak faculties, as a Minister, to 
this work. 

Your Classls le well aware of the sad disputes, the nnchrlstlan discords, the 
unhappy schisms, and the great animosities which have so long prevailed In these 
congregations, and have robbed bo many precious and Immortal souls of the pleasing 
messages of the Gospel. Your Revs, have frequently in your letters expressed your 
grief over these things, and manifested your Christian compassion for these distant 
parts of Christ's vineyard. I have had a closer view of the unhappy conditions of 
these congregations. Consistories opposing Consistories and members opposing 
members. These sad scenes have caused great sorrow In my heart, for my brethren, 
my kindred according to the flesh. 

After all the disputes and divisions In these congregations, at last the day of 
peace and general \inlty, desired by all the good, yet expected by few, has arrived. 
They tell me thnt I, (who am an unworthy sen-ant of Christ, and who, strange 
enough, strayed to this place), have become the cause of their happy union, and 
thnt, as such, I have been called by them. Meditating on the Providence of God 
which brought me to this place, nnd on the general good feeling of the congrega- 
tions towards me after some of their fmitless attempts to secure others, T have 
considered the call ns the Voice of God and have obeyed the same. Believe me, 
Rev. Sirs, that. If I know my own heart. It Is only because I looked at the matter 
In this light, and especially from love towards my Crucified Savior, with an earnest 
desire to preserve the peace and unity of these congregations and to promote the 



OP THE State op New York. 3825 

1762 

welfare of their souls, that I have become Inclined to accept their call. I have 
already suffered many hardships and disappointments In the ministry, although I 
am yet young, such as I would not have suffered lu any other vocation. And because 
of the uncertain love and treacherous changes of men, and the enmity of the world 
against Christ and his disciples, I have reason to fear that I will yet experience 
much more of grief and sorrow. With all humility, I believe that if I was not 
really desirous of willingly taking up the cross of Christ, and bearing it after him, 
1 would not again undertaice the important service of the ministry. The difficulty 
also of my preaching the Gospel and performing my duties in a language which 
1 do not very well understand, and which I must yet learn, in order to serve four 
congregations far apart, and tliat for a smaller salary than I received in the Eng- 
lish church with easier work:— all these considerations will convince your Revs, of 
the uprightness of my heart in what I have related to your Revs. 

That 1 was not over eager to accept this call, so far as respects myself, your 
Revs, will see from a motion and desire to which I gave expression before the Con- 
sistory in their last meeting. It was that, if the Rev. Classis, should refuse to 
ratify this call to me, the Consistory should then request the Rev. Classis to send 
some minister to their congregations, according to their wisdom, and that they 
would promise to accept him. But they refused this proposal. And now I leave 
this whole matter with you, Rev. Sirs. I do not doubt but that your Revs will 
conclude that which your Revs, shall deem best for these congregations. Mean- 
while, may the Pather of Lights guide your Revs, by His Spirit, in the despatching 
of this and all other matters which may come before your Revs. This is the 
earnest desire of your Revs, humble servant and co-laborer in the vineyard of 
Christ. 

Abraham Keteltas. 
(See Oct. 7, 1762.) 



3S26 KccLEMiAsi MAI, Hi:' oKDs 

« 

ADMIXTSTRATIOX OF GOVKKXOR ROIiKRT MOXCUv- 

TOX, .lUNK U, 17GJ-JUXK -28, 17^,:;. 

CinRni OF New "^'ohk. 

i:ii-li^li Pivacliiiit:. Diiricultk's. 

XeAv'^'ork, .(illy (i. iTO-i. 
C-onsistory licld after falling on God's naiiif. 

1. Touching the call of an English minister to oiir clnirch, soiuo 
articles wero presented bv Mr. Lott, Jr., to show how this could be 
c^onvenientlj done. The.so having lx>en read and somewhat ex- 
amined, were approved by the consistory, with a view of proix>sing 
them to both partie^s and obtaining their consent to thom. Domines 
"Rit^^ema and Do Rondo, Cornelius Cloppor and Pieter Lott were 
appointed a committee for this purpijs*'. They imdertix>k to 
attend to it at once and make report. 

2, Mr. Tiebout enquired if one Susanna Kock could Ix; omi)loyed 

by the Deacons at twenty shillings per month. Agreed to. 

This done etc. 

L. de Ronde, p. t. President. 

Report of the above Committee, Messrs. Vredenburg, Tiebout, 

Hardenbrook, Turk, Bogert, Brouai and Stoutenburg apjx^ared in 

the Consistory ChamW as representing the Second Petitioners. 

^tVfter speaking again and again with these members, and reading 

tA) them the proposed Articles, and urging them to agree to them, 

we received reply, that the Second Petitioners would in no way 

consent that an English-preaching minister should come into our 

church. They desired to remain as they always had been. They 

would come no more before the Consistory and refused even to take 

a copy of the Articles. 

L. de Ronde, p. t. President. 

Xew York, July 12, 1762. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 
The Consistory found itself much perplexed by the above given 
answer, inasmuch as it was their business and duty to keep an eye 



OF THE State of New York. 3827 

1762 

on both set of petitioners, and satisfy both, if possible. The matter 
urged by the Second Petitioners was their fear of losing in course 
of time, their church and church priWleges, (the Charter) ; yet the 
First Petitioners propose nothing else than to secure the same for 
the Dutch Church. Inasmuch as the Consistory is now a (Civil) 
Corporation, as such it has always been very zealous in making 
secure those properties, which by will have been given them, for 
the service and support of the ministers. By virtue of the Charter, 
oonfinned to them by Act of Assembly, the Consistory resolved to 
have the proper papers prepared and confirmed by the Seal of the 
corporation, and thereupon also, immediately to have the Call of 
an English minister prepared, under the limitations fijsed in the 
last proposal ; except the sixth article is made to read that neither 
the Dutch nor the English ministers shall be paid out of the col- 
lections. 

Messrs. Cornelius Clopper, Marsohalk and Abram Lett, Jr. were 
appointed to speak with such a lawyer as they should approve, in 
respect to drawing up the above resolution. 

L, de Ronde, p. t. President. 

ACTIOK- OF THE SyNOD OF XORTH HoLLAND, JuLY 27-AuG. 6, 

1762, Page 50, Vol. 65. 

Article 36. 

Classical Changes. 
Dismissed, 

Eev. Cor. Blaauw, minister at Vlieland, goes to ]^orth America. 

Rev. Johannes Martinus Van Harlingen, called by the churches 
of Millstone, (now Harlingen) and New Schennic (Neshanic). 
After being finally examined, on May 25, 1761, he was ordained 
to the ministry of churches in ISTew Netherland. 

Rev. Cor. Blaauw was called from East Vlieland to Pompton, 
Totowa, and Ganzegat, (now Fairfield). After being duly dis- 
missed from the church at Oost Vlieland and from the Classis of 
Enkhuysen he was installed in the ministry of the said churches. 



3828 KCCLESIASTICAI. KiCCOIlDS 

1762 

Article 45. 

X<irtli and S<»utli Jramplon; niinist<»r, Moy. (JdiiatliaTi) Hu \'»n». 
His Kcv. Complains a great deal about the ])rosjxx;t of the decline 
of his chnreh from the lack of a Dutch school, lie has labored 
nnudi, hut in vain to obtain one 

Amwvl (Amwell) in New Jersey, having asked for a minister, 
and promising to pay a large part of his salary, Kev. Casper 
Michael Stapel has been appointed, and has already started 
tliitlier 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
i^ew York. Letter from the Conferentie. 
1762, August. Art. 9. The Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras report 
that they have received, another letter, from l^ew York, dated 
October 15, 17G1. This was signed by George H. Mancius, John 
Ritzema, Lambertus de Ronde: John Schuyler, John C. Rubel, A. 
Roosencrantz, B. van der Linde — Ecclesiastcs. xiii. 320. 

Church of !N"ew York. 
English Preaching. Protests. 

New York, August 18, 1762. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. The committee appointed by the hast consistory presented a 
draught, in English, which was read. After discussion, it was 
unanimously agreed that this could answer no good purpose for the 
better securing the properties of the church. Therefore the former 
resolution should be considered of no value. It was better also to 
take up the matter under the form of the eight articles, with the 
proviso that the change made in the sixth should be included. 

2. The consistory returned to the eight articles which were 
presented on July 6th and the question was proposed in these two 
forms: (1) Shall a preacher be called according to the eight 
articles, and the Great Consistory be asked to approve the same ? 



OP THE State of New York. 3829 

1762 

or (2) Shall the articles be rejected so long as the Second Peti- 
tioners abide by their proposal ? 

In favor of the first, were, Cornelius Clopper, Pieter Lott, 
Garrit Rapelye, Abraham Lott, Jr., Gerhardus Beekman, Francis 
Marschalk, Cornelius Bogart, Jacobus Roosevelt, Jr., Petrus Lowe, 
Gerhardus Duvking. 

In favor of the second proposition, were, Christoffel Bancker, 
John Aalstein, Hujbert van Wagenen, Andries Abramse, Teunis 
Tiebout. 

Whereupon, it was resolved by a majority vote, that the Great 
Consistory should be called tomorrow eight days, August 26, at 
3 P. M. 

Sig-ned etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

:N"ew York, August 26, 1762. 

Great Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The resolution of the Ruling Consistory, to act upon which this 
meeting was called, was read. Whereupon Mr. Hardenbrock pre^ 
sented a list of names of members of the Great Consistory, which 
he Avished to have considered as a Protest, since they did not con- 
sent to the proposed action. The Majority refused to consider it, 
because, if they did, it still would not hinder the progress of the 
business. Nevertheless, notwithstanding the majority, Messrs 
Hardenbrock, Vredenburg, Petrus Bogart, Van L)yck, Jakobus 
Turk and Willem Rooseboom continued to protest. 

The question was then again put on consenting to the resolution 
of the Ruling Consistory; and all except the above named con- 
sented. 

The Great Consistory was then asked, if it had anything further 
to observe. The answer was, that the matter was referred to the 
Ruling Consistory, on condition that the second of the eight 
articles, should be amended, according to a remark of Mr. Recorder. 
" Provided that the English minister must be a member in full 
communion of our churcli, according to our Church Constitution, 
and in the same manner as the present Dutch ministers." 



Ai^U) 



KC<M.KSIAST1( AI, Hi:. (.UPS 



176iJ 



'riio innttrr Ixine l.ft in th.. IihimIs .»f tllt^ luilijJt: C'onfietory, 
tlioy r<'«>lvf.| to lit it, r«'>t. until at't* r Ix.tli tlit^ conimnnion?. 
•Signed in eto. 



J. Hify.«niii. |». t. President. 



List, of tJie j>r«"-<'iit, monilxT 
their consent to llio cnW of an 
I. ( "'.rnrliiH \Vviik'x>)» 

Piet^r KefeltH.s 

Ki.-,lii,rd Kay 

John Duryee 

Will. I)e Peyst^er 

Luko Roome 

J. like van Ranst 

Gerard W. Beekman 
3. John Livingston 

Isaac Roosevelt 

Evert Byvank 

Robert Bronson 

John Brevoort 

Jacolnis Roosevelt, Sr. 

Philip Livingston 



s of t.ho Great, (,'onsistol'^• 

English minister. 
L'. Ahram Lott, Jr. 
Xic.hojas Roosevelt 
iJavid Abeel 
Jons Brinkerhof 
Peter Marschalk 
John G. Lansing 
Henry Clopper 



•i. Syinon Johnson 
Abram van Wyck 
Andi'ies Breestede 
Ant.liony TenEyek 
Theodore Van Wyck 
Dirk Brinkerhofi" 
Andrew Mver 



vho 



gave 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Approval of the Call of Rev. Kok, (Cock.) 

1702, Sept. 6th. Art. 4. The Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras hand 
in a lawful instrument of a call of elders and deacons of the Camp 
and Rhinebeck, in New York, extended to Rev. Gerard Daniel 
Kok, (Cock) with the request that at the next Classis he may have 
his final examination. 

Thc^ Rev. Classis finding everything in dehita for/na. approves 
this call, and uTants this request. As a text there was assigned to 
him 1 Thess. 5:8; '' But let us, who are of the day, be sober, put- 
ting on the breast-plate of faith and love; and for a helmet, the 
hope of salvation." And for the examination in Hebrew, Psalm 
2 ; in Greek the chapter of the text. xiii. 321. 



OP THE State of New York. 3831 

1762 

Pamphlets of Leydt and Eitzema. 
Art. 7 ad 9. The Eev. Depp, ad res Exteras report, that one 
of those two pamphlets have a tendency to injure and arraign the 
Classis. They are ijeqnested to submit extracts therefrom, and !«• 
bring in a report (pre-advice) as to how this blame can in the best 
manner be diverted from the Classis. xiii. 321. (See Oct. 4.) 

Church of New York. 
Calling an English-speaking Minister. 

jSTew York, September 19, 1762. 

Consistory held after calling- on God's name. 

The observation of the Great Consistory in respect to the second 
of the eight articles was brought up, making it read: ''that the 
English minister etc." (see Aug. 26;) and a majority voted that 
this should be inserted in said article. 

Mr. Tennis Tiebout presented a Protest, given to him by Jakobus 
Stoutenberg, in which the names of the Protesters, were written by 
Mr. Stoutenberg, desiring that the resolution of the Great Consis- 
tory for the Call of an English minister should not be proceefled 
witb. 

It was fui'ther proposed whether any, and if any, who, should be 
appointed to obtain a subscription for an English minister: Where- 
upon it was Kesolved, as before, that the Kuling Consistory should 
undertake this work and request the aid of some of the Great Con- 
sistory in furthering it. 

It was further asked and agTeed to, that the papers presented by 

any party should, when regiilarly requested by a membei' of Con- 

sisitory, be furnished by the President, to be returned after use. 

Signed etc., 

J. Eitzema, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Eeport on the two Pamphlets of Leydt and Eitzema ; and on the 

Coetus of N'ew York. 

1762, Oct. 4th. Art. 5 ad 7. The Eev. Depp ad res 

Exteras report, that in the one pamphlet, published by those who 



•5S32 KCCLKSIASTICAI, HlCroHHS 

17G2 

C4ill thonisf'lvos llio Cootus, (Loydt's), nro f.>un<l limrt-p-ioving 
things in arraipinicnt of the Classis nnd Synod, as on p. 29 etc; 
even as ihoy road wmo oifafions from tho sanio, and liave en- 
lightened the Classis wilh their ](re-!idvifr' ; \vh<r<'\vith tlic Classis 
are very mneh pleased, and with thanks ro<]nested them to draw up 
everything carefully, so that the pro-advice might also at. the same 
time constitute the contents of those letters. 

Further, Classis requested them to \\Tite one letter directly to 
the Coetus, and another to the Conferentie-Meeting, and to express 
to the mendiers of the Coetus the displeasure of the Classis; also to 
announce to them that a Coetus-Assemhly was permitted them upon 
certain terms which they now themselves violate. Hence the 
Classis cannot recognize such a Coetus. Also that the Classis 
desires no subordination for its o\vti benefit, but only to be of 
service to the churches of New York; but l)y their perverse conduct 
they give reasons why the Classis can be of no further service to 
tlie churches of New York. Of all this the Classis shall give 
knowledge to the High Rev. Synod in proper season, xiii. 324. 

(See Leydt's Pamphlet, Aug. 12, 1700; and Ritzema's, Oct 15, 
1761.) 

Examination of Rev. Kok (Cock) for New York. 
The High Rev. Mr. Verloren, Deputatus Synodi, took his seat, 
having been led into this Assembly by the Quaestor and Clerk. 
He expressed his wish for a blessing upon the Classis. This was 
anwered in like manner by an expression of welcome by the Rev. 
President. Whereupon Rev. Gerardus Daniel Kok, (Cock), called 
as minister to the Camp and Rhinebeck in New York, preached a 
sermon on 1 Thess. 5 : 8, to the satisfaction of the Deputatus, and 
the members of this Assembly. He was subsequently most care- 
fully interrogated by the Rev. Examiner, Joosting, in the Hebrew, 
on Psalm 2, in Greek on 1 Thess. 5, as well as on the principal 
articles of Sacred Theology. He gave satisfaction to the great 
pleasure of the whole assembly both in the confirmation of the 
doctrines of the Truth, and in the confutation of the errorists. He 
was therefore assigned to that church wdth much satisfaction. 



OF THE State of New York. 3833 

1762 

(amplitude), with a prayer for the divine blessing. Whereupon 
the High Rev. Deputatus took his leave with expression of thanks, 
and his wish for a blessing on us. He was in like manner answered 
by the Rev. President, and was conducted from the Assembly by 
the Quaestor and Clerk. 

Rev. Kok, (Cock) repudiated the condemned opinions of Prof. 
Roel and Dr. Bekker, and declared himself orthodox. He prom- 
ised to read the Forms for Baptism and the Supper, particularly 
the three questions under Baptism, v^ithout alteration. He then 
signed the Formulae of Concord and promised to maintain corre- 
spondence with this Classis. He was thereupon ordained to the 
Sacred Ministry by Rev. Examiner, vnth. the laying on of hands. 
The Rev. Examiner was thajiked for his careful examination. 

xiii. 325. 

Archbishop Secker, to the Reveeend Dr. Samuel Johnson. 

Lambeth Oct. 6, 1762. 
Good Dr. Johnson : 

I hope Mr. Cooper Is or soon will be with you, and will answer expectation. I 
gave him such advice as I could: the best part of It was that he should consult you, 
and follow your directions in every thing. I promised him to send some books after 
him : and they were carried for that purpose three days ago to Dr. Jay's lodgings. 
You will be pleased to tell him this, and to add, that they are only what I told 
him they would, such Duplicates from amongst my books, good or bad, as I could 
spare : for I have lent the rest of my duplicates to the Chaplains. Dr. Jay hath 
undoubtedly acquainted you with what has been done for the two Colleges. I 
approved the proposal of a joint Collection, as the best way for both. Lord Presi- 
dent opposed your College very strongly ; and engaged Lord Egremont, Secretary of 
State, to take the same side: but at last we got the better. Dr. Smith hath acted 
very honorably and disinterestedly in this whole affair : and was well contented with 
my procuring twice as much from the King for New York College, as for Philadelphia, 
because the former is a Royal Foundation, and hath no other Patron. 

A Pamphlet hath been sent me from America, entitled " The real advantages which 
Ministers and People may enjoy by conforming to the Church of England faithfully 
considered and impartially represented." It is written in a ludicrous manner, yet 
with strange virulence, and seems likely enough to do great mischief. Yet surely 
the Dissenters, who have any seriousness, cannot approve such a method of writing 
against us : at least, they might be brought to disapprove it, by the prudent use of 
very mild and friendly Remonstrances, setting forth the uncharitableness of such 
treatment, and the injustice of such Representations. With the author himself 
stronger Expostulations, yet grave and gentle ones, might be used : begging him, 
with tit expressions of concern for him, on some of the more flagrant enormities of 
his pen, to consider what spirit he Is of. Some good persons, who are not of our 
church, one should hope, might thus l)e brought over to take part with us. And 
other ways of answering, I apprehend, would do us little good, but perhaps much 
harm. The American facts, alleged or alluded to, are so many, that no one who 
hath not been a good while in our Colonies, can make a full answer, unless more 
than ordinary pains were taken to furnish him with materials. And an Intemperate 

99 



.".S.".l I'l <I,EPIASrHAI, Ukcoums 

1762 

answer wiuilil ho. nml n ilrffTilvr one niii;lit ho, worso tlian nono. I ha«l not an 
opportiinlly of kni<\vlnK Hn* rontontH of tlilK I'nmplilcl, till Dr. Smith wns Rone out 
of lown to ilio Norlli. 

A Inttrr linili hoon broiiplit njp. within thcBe two days, from Mr. Cancr, dated 
Anp. '.». with nn Act of the Ass<>nibl.v nl Hoston. pnfsed In May, to Incorporate a 
Sorloty for propacatInK (hrlHtlan knowlfdRp amongst thf Indians of North 
America. I know nono of ihrm l»y their nanwH. unless the Aullior of the Just 
nieniloned Pamphlet be one: lnit I observe, that no persons are members l>y virtue 
of their Stations: If any of them be I'hnrchmen. I slionld be jrlarl to know It. They 
are acconnlable only to themselves: and therefore may abuse their trnst as much 
as they please : an<l I should fear they would aliuse It to the disadvantage of our 
Society, and the strengthening of the IHssenllng Interest. If the mailer af)pears In 
the same light to our American friends. I wonder we had not earlier notice of it. 
Tho Act lies before the IJoard of Trade here, and might possibly h.ivi- received the 
Royal Assent some time ago. Were our Society to oppose It. we siiould be charged 
with doing little or nothing ourselves and hindering others. The danger of Its hurt- 
ing our Society will, I doubt, affect but few of our great men : and that of Its 
benefitting the Dissenters, not very many. Invectives against It by our Missionaries 
will be of no use on several accounts: particularly because its Fate will l»e 
decided here: where possibly we may bi- able to stop it for the present, though I 
am not sure of that: and much less, what can be done, if it comes back another year 
amended. 

I should have said one thing more about the I'amplilr't. which is more material 
than all the rest, that whereinsoever we arc justly accused. Clergy or people, we 
should own it and mend, which is the only good answer in such cases. The 
Society hath not met since May. 1 have been ill ; and the Bishops, the Secretary, 
and the Treasurer out of Town. In the meantime I have paid the Jiill of 500 11 
from your College out of my own pocket. And I think I have secured from the 
Crown 170 11 for the damages done by the soldiers to Mr. Charltons (Jlebe in 
Staten Island. 1 hope there will not fail to be a Meeting next week. Whether 1 
shall Ijp able to go to It is very doubtful. But at least I promise myself, that I 
shall talk over matters with such as can go. And then I purpose, God willing, to 
write you another letter. Kor there are several partic\ilars In yours of last April 
relative to Society Affairs, yet unanswered by nio. But I must go no further at 
present. Only I assure you. that no one hath hitherto intimated to me the least 
desire of the office of a Bishop in America : and that I am entirely of your opinion, 
that the ('rown should not begin with Clergymen already settled there. God bless 
you, good Dr. Johnson. Pray for 

Your loving Brother. 
—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vii. pp. ,-j07-S. 

COKRKSI'O.NDENCK FkoM A.MKIIK A. 

T\\c ( "oiifcrciilic Mini-lcrs lo tlic Classis of Aiii-tci-diiiii about the 
cjill of Rev. Abraham Iveteltas, October 7. 1762. Vol. 33, page 
r.O. Xo. 323. 

To the Eight Kev. Cla-S.si.s of Aiii-tmlani. 
Hi. Rev. Gentlemen, Fathers and lircthrcn in (hrist: — 

We have the honor to forward t<> y<n\y ]Uv. I'xuW two communi- 
cations besides this (dk- <if our own: (Hic iVdiii ilie Ucv. Al)raham 
Ketelta.s, (of .luii<- 7, I7<»2 ). f<M-iiicrIy iniiiisici- in ilic Pn-.-bytorian 
congregation at Kli/.abcih Town, in Xow Jei'scy, tlie other from the 
United Dutch congreii'atioii in (Queens ccmnty, Long T.-^land. Their 



OF THE State of New York. 3835 

1762 

cont^Mits will speak for tlienisel\'es. About their exteusive report-^ 

Ave have nothiuij,- nioro tO' remark than to say, that we can testify 

to the truth of the substance of the narrations, leaving certain par- 

ticiilai-s to the responsibility of the writers of the same. 

The reason why these letters were not sent on the day on which 
they were sigiKMl accompanied by a letter from ns, as had been 
promised, was, that we had been requested to hold a trial-examina- 
tion of Rev. Keteltas, in order that, if convinced of his orthodoxy ' 
upon all points, wo might have all the better gTounds for recom- 
mending his Eev. to the Rev. Classis. In this examination (tenta- 
men) we found his Rev. too favorably disposed to the opinions of 
the Rev. Dr. Isaac Watts, as regards the dogma of the eternal 
generation of the Son by the Father. We were, therefore, not only 
cbecked in the accomplishment of our previously adopted plan, but 
it also caused great disturbances throughout the congregation, so 
that, in consequence, separations again threatened them, (lit. stood 
at the door). We confei-red repeatedly with Rev. Keteltiis and 
eventually brought nuUters so far, that he has handed to ns, in 
person, in this accompanying writing, the expression of his opin- 
ion, in order to let your Hon. Body judge, whether or not his con- 
ce])tions are at variance with our received doctrines. 

]>ut inasmuch as all the differences in that congregation, so 
serious and of such long standing, have been quieted down, and 
they have united on tlie person of Rev. Keteltas, we make bold, 
Rev. Gentleinen, in case this affair should be acted on more or 
less strictly by some classis in the jSTetherlands, most earnestly to 
recommend said Rev. Keteltas, to favorable notice. In all other 
respects he agrees with us upon every point, so far as we know. He 
is a man who was honi in dur own churcli. I lis father was for- 
merly a distingiiished ehler in the congregation of Xew York. 
His mother is still an esteeme(l member of the same, as are also 
other of his relatives. Tic nia(l<' confossifHi of his faith and was a 
member of oui' clinrcli: au<l ahhough he does Tiot exju'ess himself 
upon fliis point, as we wouhl like to have him do, nevertheless he 
does not oppose our doctrine up(»n any point. Indeed, he himself 
declared to me only this morning, that he had never taught, nor 



''.^:i(> . ICCCLESIASTICAL HkcoKKS 

1762 

<!i(l ho inton<l to (<'acli nnytliiiiir <lilT<'niit from tli:if wliich i-^ tiiught 
among us; hthI tli.-it lie liojx-d upon furtln-r invc-lipitioii to rocoive 
sucli light OS would onahh^ him t<> (•xj>ross him^-lf in the inannor 
customary among us. 

Wo hopo, tJieroforo, Kev. Gontlfinon and Fathers, in considera- 
tion of all iheso circiuustances, and of the earnest desire of the 
congregation which has again been communicated to us by two mes- 
sengers, and in consideration of the injurious consequences which 
otherwise may perhaps l>e expected, that we may receive, as sfK>n 
as possible, your favorable reply, let it cost what it may ; and that 
we may rejoice together in knowing that peace and love again 
prevail through the whole of Long Island ; and may this also clear 
the way for other laborers where the ])eace is still disturbed. 

With due respect for your Rev. Assembly, and our lx>st wishes 
for your esteemed persons, families and weighty duties, wo call 
ourselves, 

Right Reverend and Highly Esteemed Gentlemen, 
Your Obedient Servants and Brethren, 

Joh. Ritzema, V. D. M. 

I^ambortus De Ronde 

U. Van Sinderen, V. D. M. 

Joh. Gasp. Rubel, V. D. M. 
iN'ew York, October 7th, 1762. 

X. B. Rev. Alsentz arrived here in good health on October 4th. 
He reports that our letters and the little books, (the pamphlets of 
Leydt and Ritzema, 1760, 1761,) only, reached the Rev. Classis 
on the day previous to his departure ; and that the Rev. (Cornelius) 
Blaauw came in for Pompton, (was appointed for Pompton?), in 
the Orcades ( ?), whither he went, but has not yet arrived. He 
will, therefore, not be able to bring a reply (to this request in be- 
half of Keteltas?) ; but we hope, nevertheless will send it to us as 
soon as possible, even if it should cost fourteen guilders, as we are 
informed, to our grief, our package has cost. 



OF THE State of New York. 3837 

1762 

Chukch of 'New York. 
Opposition to the Call of an English-speaking Minister. 

Kew York, October 19, 1762. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 
Jakobus Stoutenberg, with others, presented a paper, with the 
names he had formerly written now in the subscribers' o^^tl hands, 
to show the Consistory that they really were Protesters; but the 
Consistory doubted whether the paper could be regarded as a Pro- 
test. 

Mr. Adrian Bancker, Jr. was again appointed Treasurer of the 
church properties for the ensuing year. 

An order was given him respecting the restoration of the £30. 
of the interest on the £2000. of the Manor — to be given to domines 
II i taenia and De Ronde. 

Signed etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

:N'ew York, October 29, 1762. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Messrs. Abel Hardenbrock, Jacobus Stoutenberg and some other 
members appeared: Mr. Stoutenberg asked, (1) Whether he and 
certain others were recorded by the Consistory as members of the 
con^egation ? To which the President answered, Yes. 

(2) Whether they, as members of the congregation had, accord- 
ing to the Charter and the Church Order, a voice in chosing the 
Consistory) ? The answer to this question was referred to the Con- 
sistoiw. They then presented a paper containing the gi-ounds of 
their inquiry. 

After long consideration it was Resolved by the Consistory that 
they see nothing, either in the extract quoted from the Charter or 
in the Act of the Legislature, which gives the members the right 
of voting; yet if they could bring any la\vful objection to the per- 
sons nominated, the Consistory was A^nlling to hear them. 

(3) A copy of this resolution was requested and given. 

(4) Mr. Stoutenberg desired that it should lie noted on their 
behalf, that they protested against the published nominees; not 



383S I'cti-r.siAsi icAi. Ivi:t(»ui)s 

1762 

only for tlic n-a^.n, in tlicir j»ii|t(r. jis (»]))«>s4'r> !<• iIk- iiif rtMliii-tion 

of jm I'ji^lisli miiiist4M\ hut nUo :»■; ^\<<l ;ii»)»ruviii<r of ilu-iii; and 

tlmf. they would fMUitinnc t«» ;'|)itn»v<' of tlioM- ii<>iiiin<'<-s \vli<» l»y tho 

ninjurity wen* jtji>s''d hy in tho cl(H'tioii, until ilii-; cnusc should ho 

docidcil hy a ^renter tvihiuial. 

(.r> ) A cojty oi the CiiaTU'r :nid Act, of A--^"Uihly \\:i-. dciiiaiido.l : 
Tills fhoy wciv Jillowc'd to (►htain in l.ho Ik'sI, way uhcy <*oiild.) 

In rofiTCiKf lo (4), the Consi.story dc>cid<'(l that, (hcni was ii<» 
rlglit. ill this dcnuind, and therefore the j>uhlif'atio!i niid ordinal ion 
should l>e proceed ed A\-ith. 

(6) Since the piece (partyi; of Stontenhcrir, v\i:, propoM-s lo 
have this dispute settled by a greater trilnuial, la\y\'ers shall U-' re- 
quested to tal^e no fee against tho church, but defend us ; for which 
means shall be provided. 

lu name etc., 

J. Eitzenia, ]). t. rn-idcnt. 

CiiuRcn OF New York. 
Plan for Calling an Englisli-spealdng ]\rinister. 

New York, December 16, 1702. 

Plan of tJio manner in wliicli. Saving the Tiights and Privileges 
of the Dutch Peformod Cong^'egation of Xew York, gi-anted by 
(Jharter and Act of Assembly, a ^Minister may be introduced to 
]ireacli in the New Oliurcli in the English Language. 

1. Such minister shall have ordination like the Dutch ministers 
according to the Constitution, institution and ordinances of the 
Church of Holland, defined and confirmed in the National S,ynod 
of Dort 1618 and 1619, and shall sign the Doctrinal Standards. 

2. That he sJiall be in the communion of our congregation and 
teach and atbninistcr the sacraments together with the Dutx^h 
ministers; and if tho English ser\dce should require an increase 
of Consistx)ry, three Elders and four deacons more shall be chosen 
irom the Dutch, so that they, with the present members, shall malce 
one Consistory and congregation in name and in fact; it being 
luiderstood that the aforesaid English minister must be in full 



OF THE State of New York. 3839 

conmiimion of our church, according to our church constitution, as 
are the present Dutch ministers; yet shall not in the least enjoy, 
nor have anything to say about the church properties given and 
confirmed for the support of the Dutch ministers ; but shall receive 
liis salary only from the voluntary) subscriptions which shall be 
made. For this pa;^anent the said extraordinary number of con- 
sistorial persons shall provide, 

3. Although the church properties given for the support of the 
J )utch ministers are sufSciently secured to that end by the wills of 
I ho respective testators, the Charter and the Act of Assembly; yet 
each one who may hereafter be chosen to a church office shall be 
compelled, when he subscribes the book for the salary of the Dutch 
ministers also to bind himself as follows: First, iSTever, directly 
or indirectly, to use for the behoof of the said English minister any 
of the church properties given for the behoof aforesaid ; Secondly, 
Xever to consent that more than one minister shall preach in our 
present Xew Dutch Church ; Thirdly, That there shall always be 
in future two Dutch ministers to preach in the present churches. 

■i. That the service in English shall be limited to the New 
Church. It shall also be at such times as shall most please those 
who have sittings there and are against the English service. This 
shall be either once at the usual time in the morning ; or once in 
the afternoon and once in the evening ; yet so that he shall preach 
twice on Sunday, one of which preachings shall be on the 
cat£^chism. 

5. He shall be bound to catechise and instruct the young in 
divine truth, and such others as are inclined thereto in the English 
language. 

G. The alms collected in both sendees shall be brought into one 
treasury and be disposed of, according to the farther explanation, 
for the church and poor of both (languages) . 

7. The Church Masters shall continue as at present. 

8. If this plan be approved, and such an English minister as 
above described, shall be called, a gallary shall immediately be con- 
structed in the New Church, not only to remove the present gTeat 
noise (Echo?) but also to make more room for those who neither 



1762 



.^840 KCCLESIASTICAL RECORDS 

1762 

Ii:i\<i nor c-Jiii olitjiin sittiiiirs, and aro inrlinr<l oitlicr to llic- 1 hi tell 
or Enjxlisli son'ico. 

Xow York, iJcccnibcr 10, lT(i2. 

Tliis l>oin,tr ^rf'.'it ]vc<'l<oiiini!; dny. t.lio Elders, Cornelius Cloppor, 
John Ijop^art, Jr., and Deacons, Garret Rappelyo and Pieter 
KetclUs of the majority, were appointed a committee, with Mr. de 
Peyster, to lease the estate which will expire in May next. 

It was further agreed that Joseph Taylor, Myndert Johnson, 
Thomas Thomson and John Vanden'eer should bo arrested by the 
Treasurer of the ]\ra.nor for the amount of their bonds. 

Otiiee Items in 17G2. 

'New edition of " The Prayer Book " in Mohawk. Edited by 
Rev. Henry Barclay. Dix. Hist. Trinity Ch. i. 241. 

Feb. 8. Rev. Jacob Oel to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. 
:N'. Y. 4to. iv. 198. 

March 7. Gen. Amherst to Col. Bradstreet. Doc. Hist. X. Y. 
iv. 199 (Presbyterian). 

March 13. Sir Wm. Johnson to Rev. Henry Barclay. Doc. 
Hist. :N'. Y. iv. 199. 

April 5. Rev. David Zisberger to Mr. Peters. Doc. Hist. 
K Y. iv. 200. 

April 10. Edward Johnson, of Tuscarora, to Sir Wm. John- 
son. Doc. Hist. N. Y. iv. 200. 

April 10. Isaac, an Indian, to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. 
K Y. iv. 201. 

Aug. 20 ; Sept. 8. Wheelock to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. iv. 201, 202. 

Sept. 8. Rev. Dr. Pomroy to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. iv. 203. (With enclosure, of July 10, signed by 25 Con- 
gregational ministers of Connecticut). 

Oct. 16. Sir Wm. Johnson to Dr. Pomroy. Doc. Hist. iv. 
205. 

Oct. 16. Sir Wm Johnson to Rev. Mr. Wheelock. Doc. Hist. 
K Y. iv. 206. 

Oct. 16. Sir Wm. Johnson to Rev. Dr. Barclay. Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. iv. 206. 



OF THE State of Xew York. 3841 

Reverend Dr. Sa:^iuel Johnson to Archbishop Secker. 

Kings College, New York, January 6, 1763. 

I never heard of the virulent pamphlet Your Grace mentions, [Oct. 6, 1762,] 
till a little time before I received your kind letter. It seems it has been handed 
about a good while very privately in New England, where it is now frequent, but I 
have not heard of its being here. I hoped the apparent malice and extreme 
unfairness of it would in a great measure defeat the wicked intention of It. I 
should however have had some thoughts of writing a Reply to it myself, but that 
writing is grown very tedious to me, by reason of a bad tremor in my hand. Upon 
receiving Your Grace's most wise and kind remarks on it, I immediately transcribed 
and sent them to Mr. Beach and desired him to answer it, and I this day have a 
letter from him by which it appears he is doing it, and I hope he will do it in some 
measure to Your Grace's approbation. It should seem by an expression in your 
letter, that you know the name of the writer : for us, we cannot find who he is, and 
should be glad to know. Those who have been suspected, utterly deny it ; and many 
of the Dissenters are ashamed of it, at least pretend so, and one who Is of Dana's 
party, talks of answering it. 

The Gentleman I meant, being a Countryman of the Chief Minister, made some 
Gentlemen of the neighbouring Government very apprehensive of a probability of his 
endeavours to be made a Bp., and the possibility of their success, if there had been 
a peace, which occasioned my mentioning that affair. We are told here that Mr. 
Chandler has a Doctor's Degree at Oxford ; which seems strange, as we know of no 
application having been made for it, and Mr. Cooper thinks he must have known of 
ir if it had been. However, if it has not, I wish it may be done ; for we have no 
man likeminded with him in caring for the Interests of Religion and Learning, or 
hath made so good proficiency in the study of them, or is likely to be so great an 
ornament to them. 

Your Grace's most dutiful most obliged and most 
obedient humble Servant, 

(signed) Samuel Johnson. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vli, pp. 516-517. 

Church of 1*^ew York. 
An English-speaking Minister to be called. 

New York, January 6, 1763. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 
Present. — Domine L. de Ronde, President, Domine Ritzema. 

Pieter Lott Gerard Beekman 

Cornells Bogart Garrit Rappelye 

Elders. Cornells Clopper Deacons. Dirk Brinkerhoof 

Simon Johnson John Hardenbrock 

John Bogart, Jr. Tennis Tiebout 

Theodore Van Wyck Pieter Keteltas. 

Alderman Bogart represented, in the name of Abel Hardenbrock, Jacobus Stouten- 
berg and Petrus Bogart as well as all who had been opposed to the call of an 
English minister, that they would agree to the call of such a minister to preach In 
the New (Fulton street) Church, so long as the consistory should esteem it neces- 
sary and useful, retaining one turn for the Dutch on Sunday ; and that this might 
continue for six, eight, or ten years. In that time another church shall be built on 
sulUble grounds belonging to the church ; and this Third Church shall be for the 
use of the English service ; and to the building of which they promise for them- 



1763 



.'IMJ ICcci.r-.siASTKAt- Hr< oups 

lies 

•pIvpk mid otliTN to iilvi» lll>prnll.r. And wliPii fliln \n ronii'l«'t<"'1. tlm J'nKll»h mlnl?t<»r 
•hMll render hi* wrrlco ihoro. 

Tho •onslftory ni:rp<i) In ihln proimHiil nn<l will so npiirlzo ilic rirnf rclltl<>npr». 

Mr. John lliir«l<'nl>ri>rk ««« ro<|u<st<»<l in inakf a jilnn of n •Jnll'-ry In th<' Now 
Chiirrli, nrrordltiK tn tlio cIkIiII) Arilrlo, nnd ntnt»> how mnrh ninff will b«? rt^julred 
th«t llif (Imbor mny ho oliinlnod for HcnsonltiK. 

rorn.-lliiH Clopprr. Thoodor** Vnn Wyck, .lohn HoKflrt, Jr.. Onrret Uappolyo nnd 
Dirk nrlnkorhoof. or nny tliroo of thftn, shnll \>f with on** or Ixith of the minlRters n 
rommlttcp to wrlto to llollnnd, to smh Kontlpmon hr Ihoy doom siiltnblp, to look out 
for snrh n mlnlotrr. ono tliBt will ho HnllRfiiriory to our rKngrognilim. and rpquost 
tbcin to apprlzo Ihr' r.initlKtory I>y the first opportiinlly. Whereupou the nieotlDK 
»opnrntrd with thnnkHKlvlnp. 

Signed, ftc, 

L. de Rondo, rresldont. 



Acts of the Ct^ssis of Amstki.'dam. 
Iifv. [Wannokliis] Kuypers Called to Cnracoa. 
IT^*;*, .Ian 11 til. Art. ]. Rev. Warnioldii>' Ku^^ers, ap- 
pointed by tho ^lo.<srs. Directors of the \Ye~t India Company as 
minister on Curacoa, reqnested that this appointment may be 
changed into an ecclepia.stical call, and that lie may be examined at 
the next Classis. This was done as to the call, and his request for 
examination was gi-anted. The text assigned him was 2 Cor. 4; 
8, " AVc are troubled on every side, yet not distressed, we are 
perplexed, yet not in de.'^pair ". . . . Ilis examination in Hebrew 
Avas ; in Grwk xiii. 326. 

Letters from Abroad. 

Art. (i. Tho Ifev. Depp, ad res Exteras read a letter from St. 
Eustarius, dated August 19, 1762, and a letter from Xew York, 
from the so-called Conferentie-meeting, dated October 15, 1761. 

Both of which were answered by the Eev. Depp. Avith all care- 
fulness and discretion, and the answers were ap])rov{'d for for- 
warding. 

Moreover they read a letter from Xew "^'ork dated October 7, 
1762, signed by Ritzema, do Ronde, van Sinderen, and Rubel. 

Also a letter from Rev. Abraham Keteltas, dated June 7, 1762. 
The Classis could have AAdshed that Rev. Keteltas had expressed 
himself more clearly upon these important matters, and requests 
the Rev. Depp, to point this out to him more fully ; in order that 
since the Classis must decide whether lie would be of benefit to 



OF THE State of New York. ilS^S 

the church, it might admit him ^\'ith freedom (amplitude), Init in- 
asmuch as all the members of the Classis are pknlged to the 
Formulae of Concord, he too will have to pledge himself to the 
same. The Classis leaves all this to the Mdse and usual discretion 
of the Kev. Depp. xiii. 329. 

Extract Fiiom a Letter of the Coxfekextie, to the Classis 
OF Amsterdam, Dated October 15, 1761. Vol. 33, Page 50. 
No. 322. 

A letter from New York, dated Oct. 15, 1761, from the Conferentie 
Assembly, sigTied by, Revs. Mancius, Ritzcma, De Ronde, 
Schuyler, Fryemnoet, Van der Linde, Van Sinderen and Rubel. 

They had received our letter of Jan. 13, 1761, with the Acts of Synod and 
delivered the enclosed letter to Rev. Leydt. They have an idea that the book of Rev. 
Leydt (True Liberty the Way to Peace) has already come before us, as Rev. Alsentz 
must have taken a copy with him to ximsterdam ; and. as they consider themselves 
put in a dubious light in that book, they have resolved to get their observations 
thereon also printed, etc. Rev. Leydt gave the letter of the Classis of Amsterdam 
to a New York printer, in order to circulate five hundred copies of it throughout the 
land ; .and to let the whole world know the fine answer, condemning them (the Con- 
fercntie), and justifying himself. Time, they (the Confereutie) say. v.ill cause the 
fruit thereof to appear ; as in all churches are found some who side with the old 
ministers — (as they call those of the Conferentie Assembly) — aud some who side 
with the so-called Coetus. Of Rev. Leydt's book they send over one copy, and of 
their own observations on it, two copies, in order that these may open the eyes of the 
Classis. For the Classis has very often complained of the obscurity of these mat- 
ters, which made it impossible for it to judge of them. They say that now the 
time has come for the Classis to act, not simply as adviser, but as judge ; that this 
is a thing which they had long desired, before matters had reached their present 
height. They appeal to the Classical Letter of Dec. 1. 1T2G. which also is printed 
in their defense. They now desire of the Classis a categorical report— Peace with 
the Preservation of the Truth. Otherwise they will be forced to lay the whole 
mattei-, as it has, from time to time been presented to the Rev. Classis. on the table 
of the Synod ; it being impossible for them to acquiesce in the decision of the Rev. 
Classis, if they do not want to fall under the suspicion of all true Christians. They 
conclude with congratulations. 

At the close of the letter is a Postcript from Hevs. Ritzema and De Ronde, dated 
New York, Oct. [Feb. ?1 2."), 17f)2. In this their Kevs. make mention of the schism 
in the Church at Tappan ; that this was caused by the minister's (Verbryk's) sending, 
in connection with some members of the so-called Coetus. and without order from 
the church and the consistory, a draft of a Charter (privilegie-brief ) to the 
Governor, for the establishment of an Academy in that Province.* Thirty-eight 
heads of families show themselves so offended thereat, that they refuse to pay the 
minister his salary. Although the Governor refused the renuest. the minister is 
bound to push it through with his successor, and so the heads of families continue 
to refuse to pay the salary. For this they have, all of them, been put under censure ; 
and the greater part of them have withdrawn themselves from public worship. This 



1763 



♦Achter den brief is een P. S. van D-D. Uitzema en De Ronde. in dato Nleuyork 
d. 25 Oct. [Feb.?] 1762, waarin hunnen Eerw. melden de scheurig in de gemeente van 
Tappan, onstacn darover dat de predikaut, buyten order der gemeente en des ker- 
keraads, met enige leden des zo genaamden Coetus, by den governeur een privilegie- 
brief gesonte heeft tot oprigtinge ener Academie in die provintie. waarover 30 huys- 
vaders zig zo gebelegt tonen, dat zy wygeren den predikaut zyn tractament te betalen. 



K KTK 


;i.TAS 


To THE5 


v.. I,. 


:;:;. 1 


•a.uc r,\. 



3S44 ICrci.KsiASTic.M- Ukcouks 

1763 

dlimptlon bas now lantwl for two moiitba nlroatly. Thoy predict iiinri* dlHtiirbaDcea 
of tbat kind, aa Qiioona ('oiinty <iii l.otiK iHlniid. alxo In In rnnimotlon. In cloalng 
tb*y mpntlon that KImrs ronnly In hIIII nt ifHl, tmi i1iit<' Ih ni> tolllnu bow long 
It will last. 

EXTR-VCT FkOM a l.KTTKIt OF ReV. Alii! AM '' 

Classis of AMMiJMtAM, JrNB 7, 1 TOl'. I: 

Xo. 024. 

A \eitPY fri»m (^)uc<mis (■(.unly. .laniaira, ihil/C-tl .hmeT, 1702, .sip^uod 

bv Ro\-. Abnilijiin Kot^^ltas. who wascallod as iiiini^tcr toihr- four 

cliuivlics of (^nocns CountVi. 

His Rev. givea tberein a full account of himself and of all the clrcumstoncea 
connected with bis call. Briefly they amount to this : 

1. That he is a member of the Presbytery of New York, having by It been 
regularly examined and subsequently promoted. Tills I'resbytery, together witb 
others. Is subordinate to the Synod of Now York and Philadelphia. This Synod 
takes for Its Articles of Faith and Rules of Church Government and Religious 
Worship the same articles which are In use In the Church of Scotland. It Is 
required of all who come under the jurisdiction of this Synod to accept the West- 
minster Confession of Faith and the Scotch Directory. He Is convinced that there 
is no real difference between the Presbyterian churches under the jurisdiction of that 
Synod and our Dutch Church, in which he was brought up and received (ir.'^t as a 
member. The fact tbat he was more familiar with the English language than with 
the Dutch, Induced him, after he bad made up his mind to enter the ministry, to 
preach the Gospel among the English Presbyterians. 

2. He further says, that after he had preached a few sermons, he was Invited by 
the English I'resbyterians at Ellzabethtown, New .Tersey, about twenty English miles 
from New Y'ork, to preach to that congregation, as it was without a pastor at that 
time. With the strongest evidences of love and unanimity he had received a call 
there, as their pastor and teacher. Having accepted the same, he was ordained to 
the ministry by the Presbytery In September, 17.57. But after three years, when 
differences arose in that church, and opposition toward himself, he was induced, 
with a number of the church, to ask to be discharged from his service. This 
occurred in October, 1760. 

3. Thereupon he changed bis residence to .Jamaica, May, 1761, especially because 
he would there have the opportunity to preach the Gospel to a poor English congre- 
gation at Hempstead, which for more than twenty years had been without a pastor. 
He had preached with success there for more than a year. 

4. While he was preaching there, some of the Dutch, whose church doors were 
closed, came to hear him, and became disposed to call him to minister among them. 
This all came about without any efforts on his part. The consistories of those 
churches had first asked him if he would be inclined to accept service among them, 
and his answer was, that he thought his promotion among the English would be 
an obstacle. Whereupon they said that they had already spoken with neighboring 
Dutch ministers about the matter, and their answer was that such a circumstance 
would be no obstacle to a call. Wherefore the consistories expressed their desire that 
he should confer with the neighboring ministers about these matters. This he did. 
The result was, that the consistories were encouraged by the Revs. Ritzema and 
Rubel to go round among the churches, to ask that they might tender him a call. 
Such a call the ministers thought would be confirmed by the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam. Thereupon the consistories, with the advice and approval of the 
aforesaid ministers, invited him to preach, in turn, to their four congregations. 
This done, the four consistories, by unanimous request and In the name of the four 
congregations, offered him their call. 

5. This call he declared to have accepted after mature deliberation and with 
prayers to God, In the expectation of Its being confirmed by our Classis. To tbls 



OF THE State of New York. 3841 

Classis. if it should be pleased to accept him as a brother, he is willing in all 
ecclesiastical things, under Christ, to be subordinated. 

(1) Re declares that he is inclined and ready to do this, solely from a desire 
to serve our Church in which he was brought up ; and also from special considera- 
tion of the condition of the four united churches. These have been heretofore 
divided by many discords and dissensions ; but they have now united in calling 
him to be their minister. This they have done from an earnest desire to preserve 
the peace and unity of these churches, and to promote the welfare of souls. 

(2) He manifests the sincerity of his heart in this matter by the proposition 
which he made to the consistories, namely, that, in case our Classis should not be 
pleased to confirm his call, they would seek another minister : — a thing which they 
refused to do. 

(3) He gives the whole business into the hands of the Classis, for it to decide as 
it shall judge best for those churches. 

To this letter was added the following explanation of his opinion about the Holy 
Trinity, and the generation of the Son. 

As there has been some doubt as to my opinion about the doctrine of the Trinity, 
this may serve to make known to all who shall see this letter my belief concerning 
this important article. It is as follows : 

I believe that there are Three Persons in the Divine Nature, namely, the Father, 
Son and Holy Ghost. 

I believe that each one of the Persons in the Adorable Trinity is truly God, 
eternal, independent, and clothed with all divine virtues and perfections. 

I believe that the Father has begotten the Son from before the foundation of the 
world ; and that He is His first and only Begotten Son : that is, the First-born of all 
creatures, or the Beginning of the Creation of God, according to Col. 1 :15, Rev. 3 :14, 
compared with all the Scripture passages which make mention of the appearance of 
Christ to the Patriarchs as the Jehovah and the Angel of the Covenant. 

I believe further that one reason why Christ is called the Son of God is His 
generation by the Father from before the foundation of the world, rejecting the 
opinions of Professor Roel, according to which the cause of Christ's Sonship was 
His eternal participation of the same nature as well as His equality in being with 
the Father, and His manifestation in the flesh. I believe that neither of these 
two suppositions, nor both of them taken together, give the reason of Christ's 
Sonship. In witnessing to the fact that this is my opinion, 1 subscribe my name. 

Was signed, 

Abraham Keteltas. 



Extract From a Letter From Queens County, L. I. to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, Dated June 7, 1762, Vol. 33, Page 
53. Xo. 325. 

A letter from Queens County, dated Jnne 7, 1702, sijiiied by the 
members of the Consistory of the four united churches of 
Jamaica, Xewto\\Ti, Hempstead and Oyster Bay. 

1. They state that, from the different letters of the Classis, they had learned 
how it had grieved the Classis to hear of the dissensions and partisanship which 
had so long and so generally prevjiiled in all their churches ; and also that it 
earnestly exhorted them to love, peace and unity : that they now hoped that the 
Classis would be rejoiced to hear that all their four churches have at length come 
to an agreement, and have been reconciled aud brought to peace ; especially was 
this true of the church at .Jamaica, soon after the departure of Rev. Thomas 
Romeyn, with regard to the individuals of the Consistory, and the calling of a 
minister. 

2. They further relate, how, that after peace had been restored and a new 
consistory chosen and installed at Jamaica, the consistories of the four united 
churches found themselves, by virtue of their oflace, in duty bound to look about for 



1763 



.';S4K Iaclksiasikai. Hkcoicds 

17G;: 

.1 paitor ami tonrher. ono who nilKlit inlnlHtiT 1« nil tho four churchea : and that, 
nfter liavInK hrld nioi'tlni;* Hovornl tlmcH, In or<lor to ronrh a propor ooncliiHlon, and 
thus to obey tho pxhortat lonH Klvi'n l>y tho (IrhhIn, In n loHnr of Jan. 7, 1747, which 
fp«« thpy Bh«)iild look nlnnit. at tlir* onrlli'Ht opport\inlty, for nnotlwr pmttor and 
teacher. Iho lK>st. nioRl Kixlly nn<l most ppncp-lovinK they roiild ilnd : thoy hnd found 
Huch n ono In tho porson of Kov. Ahrnliam KotolinH, whom thoy rnINd on n H«lary 
of one hundred and thirty pimuhIh. a pnrsonnK'' nn<l InndH : and thoy now hope and 
pray that tho CIbssIr will a])provo this roto. and In lovo rocolve his Kcv., ah they 
(on I/onR Island) had rocolrod him. 

tl> Thoy kIvo n doHcrlptlon of this person and his fpinlKlrntlonB, which agrees 
with what Is mentioned of him In the two previous letters. 

(2) They monllon that he has nrcopted their rail on the following eondlttoD : 
that he promises over his own sliiniature that lie would plnre himself under the Rev. 
Classls of Amsterdam, so as to stand and remain subordinate to the Rev. Classls. 
and to he bound by the Church Order and nil the laws and roKulntlons of our Dutch 
«'h>irch, nureenbly to the action of thi> National Synod, held at liordrccht In the 
years 1G18-19. 

(3) They pray and humbly beg that the Rev. Classls will accept his Rev. as a 
brother, and recoRnize him ns a member of the Rev. Classls of Amsterdam. 

(4) They declare, that his Rev. did not visit them, but that they souRht him out, 
and that. In consultntlon with neiphborlns ministers; and that they called hitn after 
he had first preached nil around In tho four congregations. Of necessity tbey had 
allowed his Rev. to administer Holy Haptlsm ; but In reference to the I>ord's Supper, 
they would wait until they had received answer from the Rev. Classls. They are In 
hopes that the Classls will recognize him as n lawful minister, and ratify nil that 
he has done. 



The Classis of Amsti:im)a.\i to the Coxfeuextie, .Iax. 11, 
17(;2. Vol. .'H, Page 109. No. 119. 

To the Ministers in Xew York who call themselves the Conferentle, namely, G. W. 
Manclus, J. Ritzemn, Lambortus De Ronde, J. Schuyler, John C. Fryenmoet, 
B. Van der Llnde, U. Van Slnderen, A. Rosenkrantz and J. C. Rubel. 
Rev. Gentlemen and Beloved Brethren:— 

Your communication of Oct. 1."), 1701, with a postscript of Feb. 25, 1762, signed 
by John Rltzema and Lanibertus De Ronde, In which you thank us for the Acls of 
the Synod and tho accompanying letter of Jan. 13, 17G1, we duly received. In 
addition we have since received a little book of Rev. (.lohn) Loydt,* which did not 
reach us very early, and two copies of the little bookf which you (Rev. J. Rltzema) 
have published In answer thereto, for which we return our thanks. From these 
writings we learn to our grief that not only was the Union not accomplished 
between you, who call yourselves the Conferentle and those who call themselves 
the Coetus; but the bitterness has become stronger and tho division worse. 

It is extremely sad to us to see that all our efforts and anxieties, and even our 
Indulgences toward you, have been of no avail. We have also read with great 
displeasure, In the book of Rev. (John) Loydt, his reproaches and slanders, not 
only against the (Jlassls of Amsterdam, but even against the Synod of North Hol- 
land, for their resolutions on these (American) matters. We, therefore, cannot be 
silent on this subject. On the other hand we have read with satisfaction your 
book, (that of J. Ritzemn), for yon not only recognize the proper subordination to 
the Classis of Atn.^Jterdain, which the churches of yotir country owe to the same; 
but you also defend the rights of the Classls, In opposition to those who deny them. 

Yet we have also learned with grief from your letter that you were not satisfied 
with the answer of the Cinssis resiiecting tlii^ f>oints of difference between your- 
selves and those who call themselves the Coetus. You understood that answer as 
condemning you and favoring them. Y'ou ask tis, therefore, kindly to give a cate- 
gorical answer on those points, asserting that else you will be obliged to carry all 
the points of difference, from the beginning, before the Christian Synod (of North 

■» Dated Aug. 12, 1700. i Dated Oct. 15, 17G1. 



OF THE State of New York. 3847 

1763 

Holland.) We have informed the Classis of your position; and that Rev. Assembly, 
after careful consideration of the matter, has commanded us to express her deci- 
sion on the two points of difference, through which the desired union then failed, 
and indeed, has not yet been accomplished. 

1. The first point was: That decisions in matters of importance, in which there 
might be differences of opinion in your Assembly, should not be made by a majority 
of votes, but that the Classis or the Synod should decide,— the whole matter being 
brought up by consent of both parties; but the gentlemen who call themselves the 
Coetus, desired that conditions should remain as before, viz., decisions to be made 
by a majority of votes. But the Classis then decided that a majority of votes 
must decide all matters, since the very nature of any Assembly, and therefore, 
also of an Ecclesiastical Assembly, required such a rule ; but with the understanding 
that protesting members might appeal to the Classis or Synod. 

The opinion of this Assembly is necessarily the same yet, and it cannot be 
changed, because it is founded on Article .31* of our Church-Rules. To these we 
are all subordinate. It belongs to the very nature of any Assembly that conclu- 
sions must be reached by a majority of votes, including the right of appeal by those 
who may object. It might be advisable, however, if it would tend to peace, and to 
avoid division and strife, that these present matters, the cause of so much trouble, 
should be brought by common consent before the Classis, without your taking any 
decision, so as to obtain the opinion of this body. 

2. The second point of dispute was the promotion of candidates into the ministry, 
inchiding the right of examination.— On this matter we may spealj largely and more 
fully, because of its great importance; and because the rightfulness of this privi- 
lege is violently contended for by Rev. (John) Leydt in his little book. 

The opinion of the Classis has always been and is yet the same, that the churches 
of New Netherland have no right to hold the preparatory or final examinations, for 
these things distinctly belong to the Classis, as such. This opinion is founded on 
(he 4th Article** of the Synod of Dort (Church Government) in which this right is 
given to the Classis. To these Church Rules all ministers of New Netherland have 
bound themselves by their signatures, and this right the Classis cannot permit to 
ihe CJoetus; because all churches and Consistories are subordinate to the Classis. 
Such submission has existed among you from the earliest times, even when you 
belonged to the West India Company. The same subordination was continued 
after the Knglish conquered your colony, and the Classis has always maintained this 
opinion, and often given expression to it. As a proof of this her letter of December, 
1726, is sutticient. 

But that this subordination was acknowledged by the Church of New Netherland 
may be seen in extracts of letters sent to us from your country: 

Extract from a letter ^vritten to our Classis from New York, De- 
cember 15 1698, and signed by Henricus Selyns and four 
elder.?. 

"Although our Church now exists under his majesty of Great Britain, we are not 
separated from your Church and your ecclesiastical correspondence. Our parties 
here, as may be seen in No. 18, appeal to the opinion of your Classis, which we 
recognize as a competent tribunal, and with whose judgments we are satisfied."! 

Extract from another letter from 'New Y'ork, April 24, 1700. 

"We, the undersigned, in the service of the Church of God, and who have never 
experienced any discord in our churches or consi.stories, request you to devote a few 
hours in our behalf, and give us, after proper deliberation, your decision, etc., etc. 
Signed by Henricus Selyns and the Elders. 

*Art. 31. "If any person consider himself aggrieved by the decision of a lesser 
Assembly, he shall have the liberty and right of appealing to a higher ; and that 
which is determined by a majority "of voices in such Assembly, shall be held decisive 
and binding, unless it can be demonstrated to be contrary to the Word of God and 
these Articles." Pvles of Ch. Oov. as finalhj rrrhed at lite 81/nod of Dort. Ifil9. 

**Art. 4 2nd. "In an examination or inquiry into the dnctrine and morals of 

the person so elected " (to some church) " which shall be performed by the Classis in 
the presence of the Deputies of the Synod, or of some of them " 

tSee Vol. 2. page 1279 of these " Records " ; also page 1210 for No. 18. 



3848 KrcLF.siASTHAi. Rr:rouns 

1763 

Kxtrncl from a Irfifr fr«»in llie Consii^tnrv <>f SdHiw^Mmly, Sept. 4, 

ITOC. SipiicMl by Ilonricns Solyiis and Gnaltonis Dn Bois. 

"Inn^niiK'h hh wp nro tiiltilwIcrH drnt ov«>r !>y the «'onnl»itory niirt rinf-.!* of 
AmRtcnIniii. niul nro nUo nionilirrs of thnt ('laii8lH, nnd on tlint arroniit, nro olillRed 
to roooKJilBc your Itov. AtiHomhlj- nn o»ir compolrnt JwilKf, niul to whom- i|iT|<<ionH 
wo n-for onr <'<r|pi«lniillonl ohhpb: nnd nrc not jipniilftrcl to rccoKnl^.p nn.r othor body, 
especially lnH-nuRo we Im-Ioiik to iin Inoorporiitlon whirli the ClnHolM of AiiiHfenlnm 
acknowleriKOH. and by whirl) otir eoeleRlaHtlenI iifTalrN nrc reviewed," et^.. etc., etc. 
[See Tol. :.;. page ISS.'i, of these "HoeordH.") 

Thnt thiH bnH ever been recognized U nlso evident In mnny other letterv to the 
Clatu<l8 from Conslutorles. congregntlonH. an well ns prlvnte Indlvldnnlx In New 
Netherlnnd. These we have proHerved. In them they request the ("InHslH. with 
the permission of the English Government, to send them a proper supply of min- 
isters. They have not only consulted us about many different matters, bnt hare 
referred affairs which they could not decide tliemselves to our declsbin. anrl prom- 
ised to subject themselves to the same. The same fact Is also plainly evident In 
the many requests sent to the Clnssls at different times to allow authority to exam- 
ine certain Individuals, preparatorily and finally ; for exiimple, .Tohn Sihuyhr, J. C. 
Kryenmoet, 15. Van der LInde. John Leydt; and to ordain them as ministers. By 
such Acts, the superiority of the Cla.ssls is evident. In those cases the Classis 
granted their requests and allowed them authority so to do, but upon the under- 
standing that the right, according to the Ecclesiastical Rules, belonged strictly to 
the Classls; but that for special reasons, she allowed, upon condition that such 
examinations should be conducted in nomine Clasnia, or In their right. Reasons 
were also given why the absolute power to do these things could not be granted. 
These may be seen In letters written to your country at the time iiy our ("Lissls: 
namely, to the Consistory of Schoharie, in New York, on Oct. 1st, 17.36: and fo the 
Revs. Henry Boel and (Jeorge W. Manclus, pastors in New York. May, 1744; and 
to Garret Uanghoort, R. Erlckzon, Oct. 3rd, 1746; and to G. Du IJols and John 
Rltzema, April 11, 1747. [See under dates.] 

Now this subordination of the Churches of New York (to the Classls) was by no 
means destroyed by the establishment of the Coetus in that country; for the de«lgn 
of that organization was not to take away that subordination, but to unite your 
congregations, collectively, more closely to ours, in order to put an end to many 
troubles which had already l>egun to spring up; to simplify the matter of the cor- 
respondence for the Classls; and to arrange that the reports, about any difTerences, 
in which our opinion was desired, might come to us through the recognized Coetus, 
and not through particular individuals. Thus would we bo enabled to judge of the 
matter more impartially. The Coetus also remaining subordinate to our Classls, 
better opportunity would be given to objectors to make their appeals to Classls. 
Now it is for such salutary reasons that the Classls advises the re-establlshment of 
the Coetus. 

Whatever may have been the intention of certain ones, in your country, who. In 
the tlrst place requested, with powerful arguments, the establishment of a Coetus, 
it Is perfectly evident from many letters and documents then written to us, that it 
was then thought advisable that the Coetus should remain subordinate to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. In order to prove this it may be sufficient to quote from 
the letter of Sept. 12, 1737, written by Rev. Gualterus Du Rois, in the name of 
the ministers assembled at New Y'ork, Sept. 7-12, and addressed to the several 
churches of that region, with the design of persuading them to consent to the for- 
mation of a Coetus. In this letter he says: "Since it must be obvious to all 
impartial and observing Christians of the Reformed Church that we have th'e 
privilege of entering upon the work of making a useful Coetus here, for the reasons 
stated, and also that it does not, in the least, injure our subordination to the 
Classis of Amsterdam", etc., etc., etc. Also in a letter of April 12, 1738, signed 
by Gualterus Uu Bois, President, and Gerard Haaghoort, Scriba, they say that they 
agree with the opinion of the Classls, namely: "That it is necessary that there 
should be held, annually, at New York, an Assomljly, or Coetus, or Convention of 
ministers, in order to prevent disturbances and discords and for the general welfare 



OF THE State of New York. 3849 

1763 

of the churches. Therefore they have determined to establish a yearly Assembly 
of ministers with a certain number of elders. They have notified the Classis of 
this, inasmuch as nothing should be determined on without the knowledge of 
Classis". "They furthermore notify the Classis that it was determined in an 
Assembly at JVew York, April 24, 25, 1738, that the effort for a Coetus should Ise 
continued. And the Coetus, say they, which is in accordance with Church Rules, 
is a body subordinate to the Rev. Classis, that is, to such an extent that we will 
ask advice, correspond and make appeals, according to Church Rules, in agreement, 
as churches in our country (Holland) do, with the Synod of Dort. We respect- 
fully ask the Classis to confirm this Coetus by their authority." 

"In addition to this letter we received a series of "FUNDAMENTAL ARTICLES" 
on which the Coetus was to be founded. We mention here, only those which refer 
to subordination to Classis." 

Article ^: " None but ecclesiastical matters, and those in an ecclesiastical way, 
shall be taken up and decided in a Coetus; and always in subjection to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, according to Articles 30, 81, of the Church Rules." 

Article 6: "Whoever feels himself aggrieved by the proceedings of the Coetus, 
may appeal to the Classis of Amsterdam. In cases of importance we must take 
the advice of the Classis, according to Articles 76 and 79, and always follow their 
counsel. And they who appeal to the Rev. Classis, or those for whom the Coetus 
asks the advice and judgment of the Rev. Classis, shall, in like manner with the 
Coetus itself, submit itself to that advice and judgment, according to the Church 
Rules." 

In a letter from New York, Oct. 20th, 1738, by Gualterus Du Bois, he says, in 
seeking to justify the formation of the Coetus: "Fearing disturbances in our 
flourishing congregations, the Coetus has resolved to remain subordinate to the Rev. 
Classis. We intend to assist one another and to promote love toward one another, 
as examples," etc., etc. And a little further on, he says: "We are ready to 
subordinate ourselves to the High Assembly, and desire a clear division carried out 
in good order;" and in conclusion: "I hope that these my reasons, together with 
the necessity of a Coetus in this country, subordinate to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
may be regarded as satisfactory as well as the other letters and documents of 
importance; and that the Classis may be of the same opinion as myself, and all in 
this country, in reference to the establishment of a Coetus." 

Now this shows clearly what was proposed to the Classis, and that a subordi- 
nated Coetus was desired. The Classis, therefore, finally, gave permission for th© 
establishment of a Coetus on the basis of the Articles proposed. She expressed 
herself clearly on the matter in a letter dated August 20, 1739, addressed to Revs. 
G. Uu Bois, B. Freeman, J. T. Frelinghuysen, R. Erickzon, A. Curtenius, G. Haag- 
hoort and John Schuyler— "On the condition that care was to be taken not to have 
a word uttered against the doctrine, and to hold neither preparatory or final exami- 
nations—this being matters which by the Synod of Dort were restricted to the 
respective Classis, and which principles were applied a few years ago in estab- 
lishing a Coetus in Surinam." 

This declaration the Classis repeated in a letter dated, Nov. 1739, and which is 
alluded to in your (Ritzema's) book, page 15. The Rev. Assembly trusted your 
declarations in favor of establishing a Coetus subordinate to the Classis of Amster- 
dam; and has also written many letters to ministers who oppose it, advising them 
to sustain the plan. Finally, the Coetus came into existence, but subordination to 
our Classis remained. For in the First Coetus, held in 1747, it was resolved 
"that no minister or ministers shall request permission from the Classis to conduct 
examinations, but this shall be done only by the Coetus, to which body the student, 
with the proper testimonials, shall present himself. In this case, at least, the 
fact is clear, that only the Classis had the right to grant such privileges; and that 
in some circumstances at least, the examination must be asked from the Classis. 

Letters were subsequently written from time to time to the Classis; the Acts of 
the Coetus were sent over to us, and, in matters of difference, our opinion and 
decision were requested. There were also requests sent up after the establishment 
of the Coetus, to obtain from Classis the right to qualify certain ones after exami- 
nation. This proves, that only the Classis had power to do such things. It is 
indeed true, that the Classis occasionally gave consent to the Coetus, to examine, 

100 



;;S.'(() l-CrLKSIASTICAI- Kk<(>IM»S 

ns was tlio rnso of S. ViTlir.vck. Init Rubnc<jtH'ntI.v hu<h rcumcnt was rpfURoJ. The 
<cM'iim then sont ovt-r rtTliilii (fciiiU nion to \w ••xainlnc«> hy >ik for llponsuro nnd 
onllnntion. or Hoinotlmcs only for onlliiiillon. As ••Xiiinplcs of tln'Hf wen- the rtin- 
■ lldntoH r. 1><' Wliult. the yonng goiitloiiii'ii Jiioobus nml Fonllnniul Kri'lltiRhnyKfii, 
B. Vrooman. Thondoro Koincln. ntid AVillhitii Jaksoii Uy »»ii<h Incidents you 
refognltod the nuthorlty of Clnssls. 

Siil)stHjHfnlly a jilan vas iirop'ised In your reRlons to rhanKC the «,"oetUH Into a 
«:ia.sHls, nnd even to form a University. The f:iaKMls i-xpreHsed her opinion very 
rloarly on this matter In a letter to the Coetds of New York. l»oe. iMli, IT't^i, whieh 
was slRned l»y W. PeilTers as Tresident and IC. Schntte, Scribe. I5ut there Is no 
allusion made to this letter In the hook of Kcv. Loydt. He iKnores It ns If It did 
not exist. Yet the Clnssls therein pave derisions on each proposition, showing the 
impracticability of cither; and the bad results which would flow from either propo- 
sition If successful. Furthermore the ("Inssls wrote to the Coetus, April 5, ITiiC, 
(the letter belnR signed by K. Schutte, president, and .1. Boskoop. scribe.) From 
this J. Loydt quotes and mentions In his book only one section, tpage 27), and 
that without alluding to the expressions. In which the change of the Coetus Into 
a riassls. In order to examine and advance candidates and ministers, and the 
establishment of a University, are disapproved. 

In order, if possible, to carry out the plan, the nialter was brought up before the 
Synod of North Holland in I".')'!, but that Assembly adopted the following answer 
to be sent to the churches of New Y'ork:— 

1. That the Synod could not in any way approve of the establishment of a 
(.Wassis. for the same reasons already given by the Classis of Amsterdam. 

2. That the project of establishing a University or Seminary was utterly 
impracticable. It was to be regarded as a chimera, as there are neither Pro- 
fessors of ability In that country; or even if these could be found, there were no 
funds by which they could be supported. 

3. Th<' Synod, therefore, advises you to remain in correspondence with, as well 
a^ in subordination to. the Classis of Amsterdam, and unitedly to re-establish the 
now destroyed Coetus. The Synod further declares that all resolutions made by 
the seceding parties are null and void. 

The next year, 1757. the same matter was again brought up by letter from your 
regions, before the Synod of North Holland. That Assembly held itself to the 
action taken in the preceding year, giving no authority to the Classis in the matter. 
Concerning a particular request then made to be allowed to examine and advance 
a certain Adrian Van der Swan, the Synod, (fearing that more requests of a 
similar nature might, from time to time, be made, to the Rev. Assembly, and that 
this one might be only a pretext to help you carry out your designs for separation 
from the Classis,) resolved to leave this matter to the judgment of the Classis of 
Amsterdam, believing that that fMassis would act for ihe best interests of the 
congregations. 

Hence It appears that the Classis has always been, and is yet, authorized, 
under the approbation of this Synod, to conduct the preparatory and final exami- 
nations in behalf of the churches of New Netherland. And such authority was 
not given to the Coetus, because the Synod of Dort gave it to the Classis and not 
to the Coetus, which is a body subordinate to a Classis. 

Now such subordination is illegally resisted in your church: yet it is equitable, 
and in accordance with the Word of God. The exhortation of Paul also justifies 
It— "Let all things be done decently and in order." 1 Cor. 14:40. If this is done, 
then lower Assemblies must be subordinate to higher ones. This is an essential 
in all societies. For such reasons there were formed, as the growth of the Church 
and the multiplicity of congregations demanded. Consistories, (Classes and Synods- 
Particular Synods and a General or National Synod. This was in order to pre- 
serve fellowship, unity of doctrine, and also to reconcile opposing parties. To the 
higher Assemblies were given more privileges and powers than to the lower ones, 
in order that he who had any objections against the Acts of a lower body might 
appeal to a higher. This is necessary— else why should a higher Assembly exist? 
How could the diverse opinions of Consistories be reconciled, if no Classis or 
Synod could decide upon them? If they had no more power than a Consistory, 
the lower not being subordinate to the higher? Why should any one appeal, if 
the higher courts had no power to confirm or reject the decisions of the lower? 



OF THE State of New York. 3851 

1763 

It Is obvious that there must be a graduated subordination in order to avoid a 
perfect Babel of confusiou. Indeed, we might ask, why should there be a Coetus 
in your Country if it possessed no more power than any particular Consistory? 
and if such Consistories were not subordinated thereto, and obliged to submit 
themselves, or appeal to a higher Assembly. 

Such Subordinations exist also here ia our country (Holland). Consistories are 
subordinate to Classes, and Classes to Synods. Hence the Consistory of Amster- 
dam, although consisting of twenty-nine ministers and so many elders, has no 
power to conduct preparatory or final examinations, but this power belongs only 
to the Classis; but the Classis consists not only of ministers and elders (of the 
city of) Amsterdam, but also of those of other churches, and all these together 
make the Classis. 

[This letter, so far, is duplicated in next letter, to the Coetus.] 

Inasmuch then as the Coetus is subordinate to the Classis of Amsterdam, that 
Classis declared, in a letter dated Jan. 7 (or 13?) 1761, that she cannot approve 
the promotions already made, as having been performed according to the custom 
of the Netherlands churches. This the Classis now reiterates. The Classis adds: 
But we will not be too strict, and will not altogether repudiate the things done, 
but will look upon them as facts accomplished. [That is, the promotions by the 
Coetus.] The Classis has acted thus in a few other matters, when things have 
been done not exactly according to Church Order; not, indeed, because she approves 
of such things, but for the sake of love and peace, and to avoid the absolute 
revoking of accomplished facts. For there is a difference between giving permis- 
sion to commit a wrong act, and providing as good a remedy for the same, as 
possible, when the evil is done. The Classis, therefore, holds herself to her former 
statement, and is ready to recognize the examinations performed. This is done 
in the interests of love and peace, and such a course seems the best means of 
accomplishing these things. 

Finally, the Classis declare in a letter of Jan. 13, 1761, that she does not give 
the authority to conduct examinations in general, to the Coetus, Init that this 
belongs only to the Classis; yet the Classis will in extraordinary cases act reason- 
able, and act in each case, pro re ixtta, provided the Coetus give notice of the 
particular features of the case, and furnish a praiseworthy testimonial as to the 
general knowledge of theology and truth in the individual applying. But no such 
privileges will be granted so long as the Coetus does not reunite itself in the ties 
of love and peace. 

You have herein, brethren, a large communication, in reference to the prepara- 
tory and final examinations, in which the opinion of the Classis is given, and to 
which she will adhere. The Classis desire to be moderate in the matter in order 
to promote peace and love, but only on the conditions above specified. We earn- 
estly hope that peace and union ma.y be found among you, and that you also, when 
the other gentlemen shall have subjected themselves to our decision, will be con- 
tented with the same, and that you will exert yourselves to clear away every 
obstacle, that discord may disappear and love may reign. 

May the Lord of Peace influence you to unity of purpose and bind you together 
in ties of perfection. We commend you to God and to the Word of his grace, 
while we remain. 

Yours with affection, Rev. Gentlemen and Beloved Brethren, 
Your obedient servants and brethren, 

In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

John Jacob Kessler, Depp. CI. Amst. Depp h. t. Praeses. 
John De Lange, V. D. M., Amst. Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
In our Classical Assembly. 
January 11, 1763. 

The Ct.assis of A^ISTl•:I;DA.^r to t:ik CoF.Trs. Taxuary 11, 1763. 
Vol. 31, Paof 170. Xo. 120. 

To the Itev. Ministers in New York who call themselves the Coetus, 
Rev. Gentlemen and Brethren : — 

We have received a little book composed \>y Job.n f.o.vdt. pastor at New Brunswick, 
with the title, "True Liberty the Way to Peace." or "Information", etc. having 



^^rt'2 KOM.KSIASTIOAL RKrORDS 

1763 

)>oon oxninlncci, no ilio title iin.rii, nnd pntillRh<>(l nrrordlne to the ruki of the Church. 
From this ntntomcnt wc inimt conrltide thnt ilic other KonllPiiirn. who claim to be 
the Cootud. harp niao cxnnilnod mid nppiovod it. nnd nro of the game opinion as its 
author. Thorpforo wp dppni It npcpaimry to wrltp you this iPttpr. 

It Ik with dlHplrnHurp. and cvpn Indignation, that wp have read In said book, 
the ropronrlipg nnd rontuniply ponrrd out, not only uj>on tlip Clnssls <>f Atntifordnm, 
but also upon the Synod of North Holland, oh well as rortnln renolutlons printed 
therein. We cannot refrain from pxprcsBlni; our Indignation that you. In your 
country, nhould thus bring contempt on the CinBcIs, the Synods nnd Consistories of 
our country. 

But hnvo we. Indeed. dcBorved such treatment when we linvo so often BBslsted your 
Church with ndvlce nnd friendly exliortntlons In their mnny dllllcnltlcKV Is Huch our 
reward for nnr continued Interest In your welfare? for the dldlcult and often painful 
labors In the consldorntlon of your affairs? Our time Is too precious, nnd our 
labors in our mnny congregations, together with the care of those In foreign lands, 
too great, for us to attempt to answer, minutely, such a document (as Leydfs 
book.) IJut perhaps this is not necessary. For the principal question has reference 
to the right to hold the preparatory and finnl examinations. Including the acts of 
licensing and ordaining, together with the change of the Coetus Into a Classls, or a 
body no longer subordinate to the Amsterdam Classls. Rev. Lpydt opposes the 
prerogative claimed by the Classls of Amsterdam to hold the Coetus In subordina- 
tion. He pretends thnt the same prerogative dwells In the Coetus, without subordi- 
nation to ji Classls. It will be sufHclent, therefore, for us to prove the subordina- 
tion of the Coetus to the Classls. 

The opinion of the Classis has always been, and is yet the same, thnt the 
churches of New Netherland have no right to hold the preparatory or final examina- 
tions, for these distinctly belong to the Classls as such. Tliis opinion is founded on 
the 4th Article etc 

[For the next several pages, see preceding letter.] 

Such subordinations exist also here in our country, (Holland.) Consis- 
tories are subordinate to Classis and Classis to Synods. Hence the Consistory of 
Amsterdam, although consisting of twenty-nine ministers and so many elders, has no 
power to conduct preparatory or final examinations, but this power belongs only to 
the Classis; but the Classis consists not only of ministers and elders of (the city of) 
Amsterdam, but also of those of other churches, and all these together make the 
Classis. 

For the same reasons the Coetus has not the power to conduct prepar.ntory and 
final examinations, inasmuch as it is regarded as being only a part of the Classls 
of Amsterdam, being an Assembly subordinate to that Classis. 

We think we have said enough to prove the prerogative of the Classis. It Is, 
therefore, unjust to accuse the Classis of having usurped power without authority. 
It is a slander which Kev. Leydt has written in his book on page 20, namely, that 
those who recognize the authority of the Classis make her the highest power, deny- 
ing the power of Christ and the authority of the Scripture, and oppose the Constitu- 
tion of the (Tliurch.* The Classis has never attempted to lord it over your Church, 
but on the contrary, to serve her in love. She has. however, required a lawful 
subordination, founded on the Church Order. To this, the ministers of your country, 
by their signatures, have subjected themselves. The supremacy of the Classis was 
also recognized when the Coetus was established. A Coetus, subordinated to the 

♦This hardly expresses Leydt's position. He says on page 26 : 

"A second question is this : Even though there were an express prohibition or com- 
mand of the Classis, does that necessarily render a matter lawful or unlawful? 
I certainly do not heliovf that any ono will calmlv admit this, as then, nfccssarily, 
a .supreme legislative power over us would be attributed to the Classis. and thus the 
sole government of Christ would he denied : the authority of Scripture would be 
rejected ; and the Constitution of the Church impugned, if not perverted. The 
Classis might become disposed to forbid the reading of the Bible by the common 
people. Would such reading, therefore, be unlawful? Might forbid officials of the 
church to marry. Would it. therefore, be unlawful?" He then refers to commands 
to worship images, saints, doctrine of infallibility, etc., and asks whether ecclesias- 
tical commands could make these lawful. See under date of Aug. 12, 1760. 



OF THE Htate op Xew Youk. 3853 

1763 

Classis. was desired, and was based on legal Articles. Those who now oppose the 
power of the Classis. and attempt to separate from it, act contrary to their obliga- 
tions. They destroy the very fundamentals on which the Coetus was based and 
confirmed by the Classis. Considering these circumstances, the Classis is unable to 
recognize such a Coetus (as now exists), but she requires that it should remain 
subordinate. It is not in any way advantageous to the Classis. In considering her 
own comfort it would be agreeable to us to be relieved of your troublesome affairs. 
But it is only for the prosperity of your Church, that the Classis is willing to do 
everything possible to serve and sustain you. But if the Classis is assailed, as 
Rev. Leydt has done, and many withdraw from subordination, and claim complete 
Independence, then all further opportunity of serving you is taken away, and we 
will have just reason to bring our correspondence to an end. 

Brethren, consider what will be the result of your withdrawal from the Nether- 
lands Church? Will it not be the beginning of the introduction of (British) tyranny 
in the Church? Will not disturbances be multiplied by such an act? Would you 
not be the instrumentality of having your (Dutch Church) liberties assailed, which 
you have enjoyed (from the English conquest) until now? Consider these things 
carefully. Try to prevent those bad results, which will confuse or completely 
destroy your congregations, by uniting together again in a Coetus subordinate to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. 

In order to promote peace and unity among you, the Classis has been moderate in 
the matter of examinations, and will continue to be so, according to her statements 
in a letter of Jan. 13, 1761. In that letter the Classis expressed her desire that you 
might be induced to clear away the obstacles to union, so as to be able to see 
finally, an end to all disturbances. 

May the Lord of Peace incite you thereto, making you one in heart and purpose, 
binding you together with ties of perfection. We commend you to God and the Word 
of His Grace, while we remain. 

Yours with affection. Rev. Sirs and Beloved Brethren, 
Your servants and brethren. 

In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

John Jacob Kessler, Depp. CI. h. t. Praeses. 
Johannes de Lange, Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
In our Classical Assembly, 
Jan. 11, 1763. 



Church of New York. 
Blank Call sent to Holland for a Minister to preacli in English. 

New York. January 18, 1763. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Present : — Domine Lambertus de Ronde, President, Domine J. Ritzema. 
Pieter Lott Gerrit Rappelye 

Cornelius Bogart Gerardus Beekman 

Elders. Cornelius Clopper Deacons. Tennis Tiebout 

Simon Johnson Pieter Keteltas 

Theodore Van Wyck Dirk Brinkerhoof 

John Bogart, Jr. Isaac Roosevelt 

Johannes Hardenbrock 

The draft of a letter to Holland, prepared by the Committee appointed on the 
6th inst., was read and approved. The Committee were requested to write out a neat 
copy, and send the same to Holland by the first opportunity. It is in the words 
below. 

Signed etc., 

L. de Ronde, p. t. Preiident. 



'.\Kt\ lOcci.i-.siAsiKAi. Hi:< nicps 

176 J 

(OriKlnnI In I'.iikIIkI).) 

N.-w York. .Iiiininiy HHli. 17«:<. 

Messrs. Pnvld I.onk'iirvillr iiixl .las. liriiisliiill :it .\iiist«-i<liiiii. 

Reverrnd Gcntlomon : — 

Wc. whoso nnnips mo lioronnlo subscrlbpcl. Ix-in;: a i(.iiiiiilii<<' MiiiKtlnicd l>y the 
Minister, Ivldprs and In-n<(ins of the Ucformod rrofsluiit Itiitch <'lMir<li of New York, 
are by thoni ordorod lo nddross tliPse linos to you. prospnllnj; to ymi tht'lr compll- 
mentH and Inio n->;iird. to^cfilier with Iholr oarnosi snlkltatlons In holmlf of tliolr 
oonRreKatlon. that yon would bo i)Ionsod (o uso jour kln<l endeavors to asHls'l In 
Kotting a plo\is inlnlstor. qualKiod according' to the Constitution of the Ueforinod 
Trotestant Dutch Churches in Holland, and that Is qualined to perform the 
ministerial function In the Kncllsh lanpua^e, thereby to present ourselves, our rising 
generation and the latest posterity the Inestimable blessing of that Constitution. 
And in order to give you a clear light of the difficulties we struggle with, and the 
absolute necessity there is to call a good English minister, it will be necessary to 
give you a true idea of the diminution of our once floinisiilng congregation, as a 
further inducement to use your utmost endeavors, with the help of God and advice 
of good men, to procure such a minister that may answer our pious intentions. 

Know therefore. Gentlemen, that for some years past, the inhabitants of our 
Province in general and the City of New York in particular, consisted, by far the 
greatest part, of I)>itcb people who adhered to the doctrine constituted by the 
National Synod of Dort, and they had formerly the greatest share. If not the whole. 
In the administration of government, and even in our time have we had five of his 
Majesty's Council of this Province, residing in the city ; who frecjueuted the worship 
of God performed in our churches and were members in communion with us. But 
since their death we have had none of our members raised to that high dignity. 
Our courts of judicature v.-ere filled with judges, justices, and other officers of Dutch 
extraction ; the ofiicers of the militia are for the most part of our denomination : 
in short our influence in cliiirch and state carried a superior sway in all the counties 
of the Province. 

But being an English colony, and all matters of government, courts of justice, 
and our trade and traffic with foreignois carried on in the English language, has. 
by the length of time, gradually underminded our mother tongue, in so much that 
there is scarce a principal family in this city and even in our own church, whose 
children clearly understand the IHilch language; by means whereof we have daily 
the mortification to see the offspring of the wealthiest members of our congregation 
leave our divine worship, not being able to apprehend what is taught, and join 
themselves to different societies that are amongst us; and in such numbers that the 
respective English congregations at present in the city, for the greatest part, consist 
of persons who are descendants of parents who were formerly communicants of otir 
church ; and they daily leave us, not, without regret, on account of their not fully 
understanding the Dutch ministers, and of course are more edified by English 
preaching. 

Our congregation, therefore, for some years past, has been a nursery for all the 
English denominations of Christians in this city, and those chiefly from our principal 
people, whereby most men now in power belong to other congregations, though 
lineally descended from Dutch parents. And. lest our congregation in a few years 
may, by its gradual decline, dwindle into a small number, it being impossible to stop 
the current of the prevalency of the English language, our Ministers, Elders and 
Deacons, by and with the advice and consent of the Great Consistory or KerJceraad 
of our church, have thought it expedient to call an E^nglish minister on the aforesaid 
establishment, not only to prevent a further diminution of our stock, but also to 
receive into our bosom again all such who have left us on account of the language 
only, and are desirous to .join our coinnuiniou again as soon as we get a good 
English preacher. 

And whereas there are several eminent preachers in this city, belonging to congre- 
gations who differ from us in worship, it behoves us. therefore, in a peculiar manner, 
to be provided with a person ever.v way (pialified not only to edify ourselves, but by 
his piety, learning and eloquence to draw others. And as our sole aim and intention 
is to preserve to us and our posterity the purity of our doctrine, and to build up 



OF THE State of New York. 3855 

our church on that faith delivered to us by our worthy forefathers ; and whereas, 
in all reformations, ecclesiastical or civil, there are found persons who either from 
private views, self interest or wrong conception, oppose all schemes that are 
calculated to promote a public good, so have we had a few of such amongst us, who 
have given us some trouble by endeavoring to influence the minds of the people to 
the prejudice of our cause, insinuating as if we intended to subvert the whole 
Constitution of our church, and would wholly extinguish all Dutch preaching and 
instruction; whereas, by the plan whereon we go, which you have hereunder 
annexed, you will plainly discover that we are determined always to maintain Two 
Dutch Ministers to preach in the Dutch churches ; and for that purpose, the revenues 
or income of the landed estates, etc., of our Dutch congregation are in the strongest 
manner secured solely for the Dutch service, the annual amount whereof will 
forever be more than sufficient to support two Dutch ministers with other Dutch 
officers necessary in the service. 

Therefore all English ministers that are to officiate in our congregations will be 
paid by a subscription list, and the list now on foot for the minister we intend to 
call, amounts to £420., York money, annually to be paid by the subscribers to the 
Minister. Elders and Deacons, out of which they are to pay the English minister to 
be called, the annual salary of Three Hundred Pounds, New York currency, being 
equal to Two Thousand Holland guilders ; which sum together with the perquisites 
of marriages and burials, we presume, is sufficient to support a family in a genteel 
manner, and yearly to lay up something for posterity ; and as our subscription list 
is not yet finished, we expect before long to have it considerably augmented by 
several people who have been against an English minister, but begin more and more 
to perceive the utility of our design ; so that there is not the least fear or danger of 
our subscriptions diminishing by death of the ancient, as the increasing youth will 
amply supply their places ; and we flatter ourselves before long our proceedings will 
meet with general approbation. This we thought proper to hint to you lest some 
disgusted persons here might by their writings bias the minds of the good people in 
Holland by a false representation of facts, and so cause you to meet with opposition. 
However we cannot think that any of our members would act so much out of 
character as to stifle the growth of our congregation and the propagation of the 
Gospel therein, v.'hich can prosper only by calling an English minister as aforesaid. 

Having given you a sketch of the present situation of our congregation, and 
briefly hinted on some matters which have relation thereto, our Consistory flatter 
themselves you will commiserate the declining state thereof, and that you will be 
pleased to aid and assist us in looking out for a worthy man that is capable to 
preach and to teach and instruct the rising generation, according to the plan here- 
under annexed as aforesaid. And as our New Church is a large edince, being one 
hundred English feet long and seventy-five feet wide, it will require a man with a 
strong audible voice, clear and distinct in his speech. He must be a good orator, 
used to elegant language, acquainted with men and books, to be orthodox in his 
principles, of an unblemished character, and affable in his behavior, whoso piety is 
exemplary ; in short, a truly godly man, whose life and conversation may be worthy 
of imitation. 

If it should please God in his good providence to favor us with such a man, we 
are morally sure it would be a singular blessing to our congregation, and answer 
the good intentions of all those who have the welfare of our Zion at heart. It would 
likewise redound to the honor of every worthy gentleman by whose means it may 
be brought about, and lay upon us and our posterity an eternal obligation. 

We cannot, gentlemen, sufficiently enumerate to you the benefits that would 
result or arise from such a godly minister to future generations. For as we are the 
first in this part of the world, and I may say the metropolis and centre of America, 
that shall lead the van to have the Word of God explained and delivered in the 
English language, according to that system of doctrine which is professed and taught 
by the Reformed, Protestant IXiteh churches in Holland: so are we sure, if we suc- 
ceed according to our wishes, that many congregations in this and the neighboring 
Provinces will follow our example as they are under the like circumstances in respect 
of the language, and for want of an English minister must join with other denomina- 
tions as their different fancy inclines them, either to the Church of England, The 
independent, Presbyterian, Anabaptist. Mm-avian, Lutheran, etc. 



1763 



.".S.'iO Ecclesiastical Hkcouhs 

03 

We tliPrcforp hiimlily roqurst thnt yon will tnko our cnxmc under your BorlouB 
f^onnldpratlon, and ondonvor, If pobbIMp, to find out If thrro In n ppfKon to bp hnd In 
tlollnnd, or plupwhprp thnt niny nnswor our i)urpr)HP. thnt wo mny innkc n mil tipon 
him; nnd In cnBP liP undcrslood tlio Imtrh Innt^unjiP wo would llko him tlip hPttpr 
and rIvp him thp prpfrronrp. (provlclp<l IiIr Kncllsh dinlprt wjih puro nnd untnlnted, 
without nny hrogup of other lnn>;imKeH), ns hp might occnHlonnlly iiroHch Dutch, 
and l>p In n rnpnolly lo roiiverHe with every Individual of our roncre^rnllon. We 
should he extremely Kind If you would ng soon ns you conveniently cnn. Inform our 
conslBtory If It Ih likely to get 8uch a man nmon>fHt you, ns we Hhall lenvc no atone 
unturned, by the permission of (led, to get one either In Ilollnnd, England. Scotland 
or here In America. 

Wo hnve neverlheleRs chose ns the safest nnd l>eRt way first to consult nnd npply 
to you and our friends In Holland. If you Incline to take the charge upon you, which 
we earnestly Intreat for this ca>iae of God. Vo\i will be pleased to consult with the 
Rev. Mr. VInolaus Hudde. minister at yoiir place, nnd such other gentlemen as you 
shall think needful : and all costs and charges of letters and traveling expenses, 
together with a reasonable reward for your services shall be honorably paid ; for 
which purpose Mr. Daniel Cronmielln, mercbant at Amsterdam, will be desired to 
advance all such sums as will be required, to whose care be pleased to give all 
letters concerning this nlTalr. that be mny send them by the first opportunity to 
London, to .Tdhn G. Llbenwood. who will forward them by every packet to New 
York, to enable us to have the earliest Intelligence. 

We had almost forgot to Inform you. that In case It was practicable, our congre- 
gation would Incline to hear the minister first before a call be made out, to Judge 
of his gifts : and rather to be bound to a man that does not answer the end aimed 
at. would pay his passage hither and back, and give him over and above a present 
of one hundred pounds sterling ; such Is the dread we have to be bound to a minister 
that does not answer the purposes aforesaid, the consequences of which might be 
fatal to us. 

Before we conclude, we beg leave to add that notwithstanding the reverence and 
submission we pay the Reverend Classis of Amsterdam, who have always been our 
Pattern, we are of opinion that in the present case their assistance cannot be of 
much service, as we presume they are not sufficient masters of the English language 
to judge of the properties of English speech. Nevertheless we retain for them a 
high esteem which you will occasionally communicate to them, as we have reason 
to believe they would cheerfully promote the glory of God by propagating the Gospel 
of Christ in all languages to the utmost of their capacity. And our English minister 
Is to be under their subordination In the same degree with our Dutch ministers. 
Pray, Gentlemen, let the weight of the matter apologize for the length of this 
letter, and permit us In behalf of the consistory, (who are unanimous in the cause) 
to subscribe ourselves. Gentlemen, 

Your sincere friends and very humble servants, 
.Tohan. Ritzema, V.D.M. 
Lambertus de Ronde, V.D.M. 
Cornel Clopper ] Derick Brlnkerhoff } Deacons 

Theodore Van Wyck >. Elders. Garrlt Rapalye ( 

John Bogart, Jr. J 

P. S. We beg you will be pleased to enquire into the qualifications of the Rev. 
Mr. Archibald Laldlle, Minister at Vlisslngen, (Flushing) and the Rev. Mr. Jas. 
Alfllck at Middleburg. Perhaps one of them may answer all the ends and purposes 
required. But as they are entire strangers, we must leave the case wholly to your 
Judgement. 

N. B. The subscription of all letters concerning our affairs must be as follows, 
being agreeable to our Charter. 

To 

The Ministers, Elders and Deacons, 

of the Reformed 

Protestant Dutch Church of 

The City of New York. 



OF THE State of New York. 3857 

1763 

The Classis of Amsterdam to E^v. Kbteltas, Maech 18, 
1763. Vol. 31, Page 194. No. 126. 

To Rev. Abram Keteltas. 
Rev. Sir:— 

We received your letter of June 7, 1762, as well as the communications of Revs. 
Ritzema, De Ronde, Van Sinderen and Rubel, dated Oct. 1762, together with the 
lettei-s of the Rev. Consistory of the four united congregations of Queens County, 
dated June 7, 1762. We communicated the contents of all these to the Rev. 
Classls. After due consideration given to them, she has directed us to make the 
following reply: 

The Classis is satisfied with your character, so far as it could be understood 
from your communications, and is also pleased with your conduct, in reference to 
the call presented to you by the four congregations. The Classis is also gratified 
in perceiving that the Consistories and congregations of these four places, have so 
cordially imited in calling you. She, therefore, hopes that you may be of great 
usefulness there, and that it may soon be possible to effect your installation. But 
notwithstanding all this, there remains an obstacle thereto in your view of certain 
important truths: such as the mystery of the Holy Trinity, and especially the Son- 
ship of the Second Person. On account of these obstacles we cannot at present 
give our consent to your installation. We are bound to the doctrine of our church 
as set forth in our Formulas of Unity, viz.. the Heidelberg Catechism, the Thirty- 
seven Articles of the Confession of Faith and the Canons of the Synod of Dort, 
1618-19. These we subscribed when we began our ministry. We believe them 
and have promised to teach them, for they correspond to the Word of God, which 
Is holy and infallible. Therefore no one can be accepted as a minister of our 
Church, without signing, with all sincerity, these formulas, and promising to teach 
the doctrine which is included in them. But the opinions which you have con- 
fessed to us does not correspond fully with the doctrines of our Church. At any 
rate we observe in them obscure phraseology respecting Important truths, which 
forbid our receiving you Into our fellowship. 

We have resolved, therefore, in order to avoid future diflacultles to lay these 
doctrines, as included in our formulas before you, requesting you to subscribe them 
with a good conscience, and to promise to teach them faithfully, as we do here. 
The doctrine of our Church concerning those truths Is clearly stated in the Heidel- 
berg Catechism and in our Confession of Faith. The doctrine of the Trinity is 
found under Question 25 of the Catechism, and in Articles 8 and 9 of the Con- 
fession of Faith. The doctrine concerning the divine generation of the Second 
Person, and the reasons why he Is called the Only Begotten Son of God, are found 
in the 33rd Question of the Catechism, and in the 10th Article of our Confession. 

Now if you compare your opinion with the doctrine of our Church, you will 
obse'rve that it does not altogether correspond therewith, especially in reference 
to the generation of the Son. Your expressions also in reference to the Holy 
Trinity disagree with the true doctrine. These facts may, perhaps, be ascribed to 
your unfamiliarity with our language. But however this may be, we reverently 
request you to consider the teachings of our Church as expressed In the above- 
mentionod Standards, and compare them with God's Infallible word. We bellere 
that our doftrine rests on the foundation of Holy Scripture. If you .ire convinced 
of this after careful consideration, then you may subscribe our Formulas of Unity 
with sincerity of heart. But if there remain some obscurity or difficulty on your 
part, please make it known to the other ministers, in order that your doubts may 
be cleared away. Whether the one or the mode succeed, it will equally please us, 
and we will then gladly give our consent to your installation. Wo hope for a 
satisfactory answer as soon as possible, while we desire that the Holy Spirit may 
enlighten your mind. We remain yours with affection and esteem. 
Rev. Sir. 

Your obedient servants. 

In the Name of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

John Jacob Kessler, Depp. CI. h. t. Praeses. 
Job. de Lange, Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, 

March 18, 1763. 



ro:i 



38r>^4 KccLKsiAsrifAi. Kk< okks 

ThK Cl^VSSlS OF A.MSI l:i:i)AM lo Kl\>. IIlI/.IMA. hi. lioMH-. \'aJS' 
SiNJiKRKX A.M> lil III I.. .\IaI:< II 1 S, \~t\:\. \'o|.. I', 1 . rA(ii; l'.M>. 

No. i-.>7. 

To tli.« lii-v. MliilHlcrx III NiMv Vorl;. IMUMMim. I>c I: |. . \:im SIn.l. ilii ipmI Kiib.-l. 

Ki>v. sirn mill .Mii''li-ln'l<iv(<l ISri-lliri'ii :— 

Your lPtt«T of OoiolxT ITi!:.'. wlih llio fiiimiiiiin. ;in.>iis <■; Ammih K.-i.-U/ih uml 
of tb«? CoiiMNtory of ilii> four iiiiltoij ciuixn ifiitl'iiM if (^in-<'ii'. Coiiiily, liotli ilHte<l 
Juno 7. 1701;, \\v li.ivo rcfilvcd, and havo rotniiiiiiiI'Mtiil tln-lr roiiifiitii tu tin; 
ClaaslK. Hy llieni we nro illrocted to reply as follows: 

The Clussls is pleased with the character of Mr. Ketielias. ho far ati It could be 
understood from the couiiuunicatlons, aud In also satl.>'lled with hlH conduct In 
reference lo the call presented to him by the four united coiiKnsatlon.s. The 
Classls Is also gratlfled that the (.'onsl.Htory and coiifrrcKatlons of tho>e placed havo 
BO conllally united In calling hlin. and therefore hopes that he may be very useful 
there. Our Assembly, therefore, would be very much gratlfled to see him installed, 
but that there exist some dltflcnltlcs. namely, wrong opinions on certain truth*, 
which are among the most liiiiiortant In the (Jospel: such as the mystery of the 
Holy Trinity, and the Divine Sonshl|> of the Second Person, on acrount of which 
the Classls is unable to give her consent to his Installation. 

You are aware that we are restricted by the dm-trlnes of our Church which are 
Included in the Formulas of Unity, namely, the Heidelberg Catechism, the Thirty- 
seven Articles of our Confession of Faith and the Tanoiis of the Synod of Dort. 
Those we subscribed at the beginning of our ministry and promised to te.nch theiu. 
as corresponding to the infallible Word of (iod. Such is the fundamental law of 
our State, to which all are subjected. These (Standards) are accepted by all the 
different Synods, and are subscribed to by ail ministers (of the Church of Holland.) 
Therefore those who violate the rules, either publicly or secretly, act against the 
truth and bvealj most important engagements into which Ihey h.ave entered, which 
Is no small crime. Considering these facts, we cannot admit anyone to the min- 
istry who is previously Ijnown as unsound in doctrine. Since then, as you your- 
selves liuow, this gentleman hold.^ erroneous views on the generation of the Sou, 
the Classis cannot consent to his Installation. 

AVe rejjolved, therefore, In order to avoid future difficulties, to place the doctrines 
on these topics, as found in the Heidelberg Catechism, Questions 25 and 3."!, in the 
Confession of Faith, Arti<'les 8 and 0, before him, requesting him to sign them with 
a good conscience. "We have admonished him, in all brotherly affectioii, to ponder 
diligently the doctrines of our Church In the fear of the Lord; to comiiare them 
with the infallible Word of God, in order to become persuaded, with us, that they 
are derived from Scripture, and based thereupon; and when this result Is reached, 
he should then subscribe these truths. But if there still remained some difficulty, 
we advi.ee him to consult with you, for the removal, if possible, of such obscurities. 

Therefore we eaniestly request you, gentlemen, to discuss these points wi;h him, 
to make our doctrine clearer, where it seems neces.sary, to conflnn it with Scrip- 
ture, and remove the difficulties in his mind against it. If successful, this will be 
a matter of great joy to us. It will afford us the opportunity to give our consent 
to his installation in the service of those congregations. "Wc earnestly wish you 
success, and ask God's blessings on your attempts. 

We send also an elaborate answer* to your preceding letter. Tliis we hope will 
please you, and be of advantage in causing divisions to cease. We request also 
that certain of the enclosed documentsf be sent to those gentlemen who call them- 
selves the Coetus. They have reference to the principles in wliich you and that 
Assembly disagree, and correspond to what** we have written to you on the name 
matter, with the exception that in our communication to them (the Coetu.s) we 



No. 926. tNo. 927. •*Xo. 926. 



OF Till-: State of Xi;\v York. 



3859 



1763 



express our displeasiirp at tho repi-oaoh with wiikli Itcv. Leydi Las a^^tuiled the 
Classis and also the Synod of North Holland. 

With this we remain, after our good wishes in yotir l)eh;»lf. 
Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren, 
Your servant.s and brethren. 

In the Name of the Classis of Anasterdam. 

John Jacob Kessler, Depp. CI. h. t. Praeses. 
John de Lange, Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, 

March 18, 1763. 

TirK-CLA.s>;is OF Amsterdam to the Coxgregatioxs of Queens 
County, [Majjch 18, 1763.] Vox.. 31, P. 198, So. 128. 

To the Consistory of the United Congregations of Queens County, (New York). 
Rev. Sirs and Brethren:— 

We received your letter concerning the call of Rev. Keteltas. We have more 
larsjeiy answered it In our communication to Revs. Ritzema, De Ronde, Van Sln- 
(leria and Rubel; also in a letter to Rev. Kettletas himself, who will undoubtedly 
iiiforrn you thereof. We have therein given expression to our opinion with care 
and honesty, and we trust that the business may be brought to an end to the 
pleasure and advantage of all. This will be a matter of great joy to us, ns we 
have In view of your congregation, as well as of all the others in correspondence 
with us. Conscious of our good intentions in your behalf, and after praying for 
your ;>rosperity and blessing, personally, and in your congregations, we remain, 
with affection. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren, 

In the Name of the Classis of Amsterdam,* 

John Jacob Kessler, Depp. CI. h. t. Praeses. 

Job. de Lango, Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
[No date, but obviously of date above Inserted.] 



Plan for the Induction or an English-Speaking Minister 
IN THE Reformed Dutch Church of Xew York City'. (!N"o 
Date, but About 1763). Vol. 33, Page 51. Xo. 327. 



Door de Engelsche Perdikan- 
ten L mgueville en Blinshal is 
ons ter hand gestelt dlt vol- 
gende : 

Outwerp, hoe en op welke 
wyse "behoudeus de Regten en 
Privileglen de Nederduytsche 
Gereformeede Gemeente van 
Nieuw York, door Charter en Act 
van A.sserably vergunt) Een Pre- 
dikaut zoude Konnen werden in- 
gevoert, om in de Engelsche Taal 
in de Nieuwe Kerk to prediken. 

Voort Ecrst: Dat alzulke 
I'redikant zyne zending moet heb- 
ben op gelyke wyse, als de Neder- 



The English ministers [at Am- 
steraam, Revs. (David) Longueville 
and (James) Blinshall, D.D]* 
have put into our hands the fol- 
lowing Plan : 

Plan, as to how, and in what 
way, (while securing the Rights 
and Privileges of the Dutch Reform- 
ed Church of (the city of New York, 
granted by Charter and Act of As- 
sembly), a minister may be induct- 
ed therein, to preach in the Eng- 
lish language, in their New Church 
building. 

First: That such minister 
must be commis<5ioned after the 
same manner as the other Dutch 



*Rev. David Longueville was Scotch minister at Amsterdam. 1740-1776. when he 
died. Rev. James Blinshall, D. D., ministered in the same Sottish Church, 1758-1764. 
For further particulars of this church and its pastors, see Itev. W. Stevens' Hist. 
Scottish Church at Rotterdam, 1832. This volume contains also skf^tches of all the 
English .speaking churches, about 30 in number, in Holland. 



:\si\u 



l'<'«l.KSIASTirAI, Tti: 



1763 



<lii.vtschr» rrpdlkauK-n, conform 
«lo constltiilln. Insllliitlo on 
ordonnntlcn vnn do korkcn van 
Hollnnd, bopnnlt on rnslRCStelt 
In hot Synodo Nnllonnnl cohou- 
den to Oordrorht In don .Inre 
1018 on ](51f>. on RovolKolyk ou- 
dertokonon do Forniullcrcn van 
KnlKhold. 

Trn Tirccdc: Dnt liy cen 
Predlkaut, zai zyn In gemeen- 
scliap vnn oiiKe comecnte, en 
DCffens de Nodcrduytsche Predl- 
kauten znl leercn, en Sacramen- 
ten bedlenen, en by aldleu de 
Engelsche dievst zoude verels- 
chen een grotcr getal van kerk- 
sraads PersoDcn, als en tegen- 
woordlg zyn, dat en dan drle 
Ouderllngc'U on vler Dlaconen uyt 
de Nedcrduytsche Leeden mcere 
verkoren worden, zo dat de 
zaulke, die namaals zo mogen ver- 
koren worden, met de tegenwoor- 
digon kerkenraad zullen uytma- 
ken Een kerkenraad on Gemeente 
in naam en daad, Welverstaande 
dat hy de voorschreeve Engel- 
sche Prcdikaut zal morten syn 
EEN LID, in voile gemeenschap 
van ouse kerk, volgens ouse 
kerk constitutle, op geiyk 
wyse als de tegenwoordlge Neder- 
dultsche Predikauten ; 

Dog zal in't 
minste nlet mogen genieten van, 
of te zeggen hebben op de kerke- 
lyke Goederen, gegeven en beve- 
stlg tot ouderhoud van de Nedcr- 
duytsche Predikauten maar dat hy 
zyn betallng of salaris alleen 
zal moeten ontfangen uyt de Vol- 
untaire donation of te handty 
keninge, die daar toe zullen 
gegeven of te gemaakt worden, 
en voor welke betallng het ge- 
eeide Extra Ordinaire getal van 
kerkenraads Personen zal moeten 
zorgen. 

Ten Derden: Dat alhoewel 
de kerkelyke goederen gegenen 
tot ouderhoud de Nedcrduytsche 
Predlkanten genoegzaam tot dat 
einde nerzekert zyn door de Re- 
spective Testamcntcn van de 
Testateurs, de Charter en Act 
van Assembly, dat egten een 
yder die in den kcrkendlenst 
hier namaals mag nerkoren wor- 
den, genootraakt zal zyn, als 
Hy het bock oudertekent voor 
het tractament van de Duytsche 
Predikauten, teffens zig ook te 
verblnden, als volgt te weten : 



mInlKlors, .igroonlily to tlio Con- 
Htltiitlon. Institution and nrdl- 
nnnroB of ilio rhurclioR ot Holland, 
iiH appnintod and Koitlod by the 
National Synod bold at Dordrecht 
In the yonrK UilH and KtlO; and 
consofpiontly ho nniHt suliHcrlbe to 
the Formulas of T'nIty. 

Secondly: That he must be n 
minister In connection with our 
(Netherlands) Church, and teach 
and administer the sacraments Just 
aa the Dutch ministers do; and. In 
case the English service should 
require a larger niimber of Consis- 
tory members than there are at 
present, that then three elders 
and four deacons additional be 
chosen from the Dutch Church mem- 
bers, so that such as may hereaf- 
ter be chosen shall, with the 
present Consistory, constitute In 
name and fact, one Consistory and 
Church. It Is well understood 
that he, the said English-speaking 
minister, must be a member in full 
communion of our (Netherlands) 
Church, agreeably to our Church 
Constitution, In the same way as 
all the present Dutch ministers. 



He shall, however, not at all par- 
ticipate in, or have any power ov- 
er the Church properties, given 
and secured for the support of the 
Dutch ministers; but he will have 
to get his pay or salary solely 
out of the voluntary contributions 
or subscriptions to be given or 
made for that specific object ; for 
the payment of which the said ex- 
tra number of members of consis- 
tory will have to provide. 



Thirdly: That, although the 
Church properties, donated for the 
support of the Dutch ministers, 
are sufficiently secured for that 
object by the respective wills of 
the testators, the Charter, and 
the Act of the Assembly : yet every 
one who may hereafter be chosen to 
the service of that church shall, 
when he signs the book for the 
salary of the Dutch ministers, 
likewise bind himself as follows : 



OF THE State of New York. 



38G1 



1763 



(1) Dat hy geen van de 
kerkelyke goederen gegeven ten 
behoeven als voorz : zal gebruy- 
ken direckt of indirect ten be- 
hoeven van de gezeiden Engelsche 
Predikaut. 

(2) Ten 2der. Dat hy 
nooyt zal toestaan dat er meer 
als een Predikaut in't Engelsch 
zal prediken In ouse tegenwoor- 
dlge Duytsche kerk. 

(3) Ten 3der. Dat er al- 
toos in het toekomende twee Ne- 
derduyesche Predikauten zullen 
weren om in de tegenwoordige 
kerken te prediken. 

Ten Vierden: Dat de dieust 
In het Engelsch alien zal be- 
paalt zyn in de Nieuw Kerk, en 
dat op zuike tyden wyse als 
meest tot genoegen kan strekken 
van de zulken die aldaar zit- 
plaatse hebbe, en tegens een 
dieust in het Engelsch zal zyn, 
het zy eens op de gewoone tyd 
des morgens of te eens In de 
namiddag, en eens in den avond, 
dog zo dat hy tweemaal des Zon- 
dags predikt (waar van eens ov- 
er den Catechismus) als ook eens 
in de week by Provisie. 

Ten Vifden: Dat hy zal ver- 
plight zyn de jonge jeugt, en de 
zulke, die daar toe mogen lust- 
hebben te Catschiseeren en on- 
derwyzen in de Goddelyke waar- 
hedan in het Engelsch. 

Ten 8esden: Dat de Aalmoe- 
sen die gecollecteert zullen wor- 
den zo in de Duytschen als En- 
gelschen dieust, zullen in een 
kas gebragt, en van gedespoveert 
worden voor kerk, kerkendieust 
en Armen van beide als nu ge- 
bruykelyk is. 

Ten Sevenden: Dat de Kerke- 
meesters zullen continueeren in 
de statie, waarin zy tegenwoor- 
dig zyn. 

Ten Agsten: Dat hy aldieu 
het goet gevouden word, om al- 
zulk een Engelsch Predikout als 
voorz, is te beroepen, dat dan 
Immediaatlyk een galdory gemaakt 
word in de Nieuw Kerk, waardoor 
de nu groote klank niet alleen 
zal worden weggenomen. maar ook 
veel meer ruymte gemaakt voor de 
zulke die nu geen plaats hebben 
nog kunnen bekomen, en genegen 
zyn zo tot den Duytschen als 
Engelschen dieust. 



(1) That he will, neither direct- 
ly nor indirectly use aught of the 
church properties, donated, as a- 
foresaid, for the benefit of the 
said English ministers. 

(2) That he will never con- 
sent that more than one minister 
shall preach in the English lan- 
guage, in our present Dutch Church. 

(3) That in future there 
shall always be two Dutch minis- 
ters to preach in the churches as 
they now are. 

Fourthly: That the service 
in the English language shall be 
confined to the New Church alone, 
and that at such a time and after 
such a manner as shall be most 
satisfactory to such as hold pews 
there, and are opposed to a ser- 
vice in English ; — whether once, at 
the regular time in the forenoon, 
or once in the afternoon, and once 
in the evening ; but in such a way 
as to have a preaching twice each 
Sunday, once being on the cate- 
chism ; as also, provisionally, once 
during the week. 

Fifthly: That it shall be 
his duty to catechise and instruct 
in the English language, in Divine 
Truth, the youth and such others 
as may wish to avail themselves 
thereof. 

Sixthly: That the alms which 
shall be collected, both at the 
Dutch and at the English service, 
shall be brought into one treasury 
and be disposed of as is now custo- 
mary, for the church, for the 
church service and for the Poor, 
of both (the English and the 
Dutch.) 

Seventhly: That the status 
of the Church IMasters shall con- 
tinue to be the same as it is at 
present. 

Eightly: That, in case it 
is agreed to call such an English 
minister as aforesaid, a gallery 
shall at once be built in the New 
Church, not only to remove the 
great resonance there is now, but 
also to have much more room for 
the accommodation of such as have 
as yet not been able to secure 
seats, and are disposed to attend 
both the Dutch and English ser- 
vices. 



1763 



♦12 lC«"«'i.i:si.\sri<Ai, |{i;<«iinis 

A( TS (M" llll, Ihl'l ll|v III ( I \^-|v ,.|. A \|^ I I ltl> \ M. IT''^'. 

Extract, from :i Int. r nf Kcv. .Inlm Kii/ciiiii f«> li'<v. ( Winuldus] 
r,n.l.l<-, .l;iir<l .\..v.iii1.(r J!. lT<ii'. V.,1. ;',:;. iKi^c. r.(i. 

X... :;;;:.. 

I.rtlcr riniij Niu \.irk, wrillfii Nov. JI, 1 7<'.:J liy lUv. .»<ilin Uliztinji. i-. I'.cv. 
Hiiddo. In this Iw 

1. Hoporls tli.Ml lio luis ncclvoil fioin I!. v. Alsciitz tin- nprccniilc InroriDHtlnn, 
tliiit till' <(in)iimiilontl<iiis, lojiotluT wlili ilif inliilcd liooklnts of Kov. heydt (Truo 
I>H>orl.r the Way to lVa<-c) and of lli<> ( onfiT. nt Ic AKsrmbly, (A Short Kofnl.itlon 
of Loydfs Mook) had liccn rorolvcd by us: ;ind that Ht-v. L<-y<ll hail iiuhlixhpd 
onothrr Itooklcl (A Hofoncp of "'rrnc Liliorty the Way to I'l-acr-i in lojdy to thoirx, 
,1 copy of wliicli lio sends tlic Cjassis. (in lliis tlicy fliink llwy I'an atToid in krop 
sllont. 

2. Ho I'oniplains of tlic i'<iiifusions and divisions ulLidi pri'vail. and of fhp 
nlto>:olli<r different ooncoption of Cliiirdi Covfrtimont whii-h oJitains among the 
lirothren of the Cootus, so that it is inipossilile to niiito with thorn in on*- <"ooiijf; 
to which hody the Consistory of Now York also doos not wish to send thrir min- 
isters; neither do those of Albany and other olmrches Viesides. 

3. He mentions that the Church at Tappan remains in the saino state of con- 
fusion as ho described in his letter of Fob. 2r>, 1762; fto be found above. No 322); 
inasmuch as, having the consistory on his side, the doniine (Verbryck) gtill holdft 
on to his Project, of a Charter (I'rivllegie) for the ostablishmenl of a Dutch 
Academy: and the thirty-eight heads of families are still under censure: altholigh, 
as he ha<I be<'n told, they had made every reasonable proposition for union: but 
the domino (Verbryck) is willing to leave the dispute to no one oxoept his own 
Cootus, or two lawyers, and these Ilieii must also be from Plilladel))i)ia. 

4. He re<(Uests him (Rudde) to deliver to the (Synodical) Assembly, two letters, 
written by him to the Synod of Nortli Holland, in liis own defense against an accti- 
Bation brought against him by Uev. Leydt. This accusation was first made orally, 
and now in writing, in his second booklet, page 80. (Concerning this, see Acts of 
the Deputies, and of the Synod of North Holland, of the year 17<!4. He Rorely 
complains, in that connection, about Kev. Leydt's ingratitude towards him: for he 
had shown him many favors, and deserved nothing less than similar treatmont. 

5. He adds to this, complaints about the conduct of several oilier niinisterH, 
who belong to the brethren of the Cootus; by name Jackson, Mariinis, Silnnioinan 
and the aged Erickson. He closes with congratulations. 

Here follows also the following item: 

N. B. If there is a person at the Academy fof Utrecht) or among the mirdsters, 
not too far along in years, who is capable of being a Professor of Theology and of 
preaching once on Sundays in the English language— a matter in behalf of which 
I am making a strong move in our midst, in the hope of getting it through on an 
honorable salary — your Uevs. would greatly oblige me by informing mo o'f it as 
quickly as possible, etc. 

Extract from a letter of Ifev. John Lcyii i«i tlie ('la<-is of Am-ter- 
(laiiji. dated :\[arch 2:^, 17(>:]. Vol. :):',. ])aiie OT. Xo. .-3^.7. 

Letter fron' New P.ninswick, written March -2?,, ]7t>:!, by Rev. .John Leydt. In 
this 

(1) He declares that, if he cnnsnltod liis own ease of body and mind, ho would 
surely let the disputes go, and withdraw liimself from the troubles, eares and 
difflcultios which attend the direction of public affairs: but he tinds himself, from 
a sense of duty, bound to a ''ontrary course. 

(2) He places in our hands a copy of each of the throe luimiililets which have 
been published, concerning their differences in that country. AVhorefore, (says he), 
he does not need to go into an extensive explanation of tlieiii, but simply makec 



OF THE State of Xkav York. 3S03 

1763 
the observation that the matters can bo suinmcil up under theso lioads: ill The 
rights of Ruling Elders. (2) The right of the majority vote. C-i) The right of their 
Coetus to examine and ordain, (promote), as part of the duty and right pertaining 
to Church Government, (kerk-bestier.) (4) The right or the nou-rlglit of the 
Classis to issue their special orders thereon. (5) The character and nature of 
subordination, etc. 

(3) He is of opinion that these points, especially the throe last named, should 
be settled in short order; and, particularly, that the Coetus ought not to be subor- 
dinated to the Classis, but that it would be far more suitable for the Coetus to 
belong to a Synod: in that relation, it could advise and correspond with the Classis, 
like assemblies ou at least an equal footing. For that reason also, it ought and 
might then do a similar work with equal rights. 

(4) His idea is that these things, being truths, should I>e tluis expounded. Then 
there would be a possibility of adding lustre to the Church, and of keeping it pure 
ill doctrine and discipline. This is his wish and prayer. 

Key. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel. 

Jamaica, March 26, 1763. 

Reverend Sir: 

After my humble Duty presented to the Honorable Society I must beg leave to 
lay before them an affair which has given them a good deal of concern & trouble 
& still continues to perplex the state of the mission. 

About eight weeks ago Mr. Tredwell the Society's missy, at Trenton, New 
Jersey, came into this I'arish & passed through Jamaica, (within three quarters 
of a mile of my house) to Flushing on a Saturday, without letting me know that 
he was in the parish, nor did I know til! two days after that he was even in the 
Colony. The next day the Church at Flushing was (as 'tis said) violently opened 
& occupied by Mr. Treadwell, the key being in my possession. 

Mr. Treadwell I am also told continued there some time preached the next Sun- 
day after, went to New York preached on a week day, came to Jamaica & bap- 
tized a child within a little more than a mile from my house, the child being well 
& several weeks old, & I had not been out of the Town for more than a day for 
six months; all this was transacted without giving me the least notice; either by 
visiting me, or by message, or by letter: nor have I yet either .seen him or heard 
from him, I am utterly unable to guess at the motive of Mr. Treadwell's conduct, 
unless he acted under the influence & direction of Mr. John Aspinwall of Fhishing, 
a man of low Birth & strong passion & violent in his resentments, who having 
acquired a great fortune by privateering, removed thither from New York & who 
has really done very considerably towards finishing the Church & gave it a good 
Bell. But who is disgusted with me for declining to give Newtown &• Flushing 
to Mr. Treadwell, tho I readily consented & am willing to receive Mr. Treadwell 
or any other person that shall be agreeable to the Society into the parish in an 
amicable manner; but the Expenses of a growing family will not permit me to 
relinquish any part of the Salary. Nor do I conceive that I have any right to give 
up any part of the Parish to the entire management of another person, unless it 
should be divided by the same public atithority which first established it. Had 
Mr. Treadwell made me acquainted with his being in the Parish I should readily 
& gladly have invited him to preach at all the three churches, & am very sorry he 
did not give me the opportunity, as it would have prevented all dispute."? & a great 
deal of Talk & noise and ill Blood. I am told that I can have my remedy at 
common Law and have been much urged by my Warmer Friends to make use of 
it, but I would on no account have an affair of this kind litigated but choose to 
submit it entirely to the Venerable Society, knowing that while I discharged my 
Duty to them, they will protect me in the quiet & peaceable enjoyment of my mis- 
sion, which 1 am sorr\' to acquaint them is a good deal disturbed & unsettled by 
this behaviour of Mr. Treadwell's. 

The state of the Parish is in other respects mtich the same. A most unaccount- 
able backwardness to receive the Holy Communion prevails, & I almost despair of 
getting the better of it, seeing I have laboured much both publicly & privately 
to bring them to a sense of their duty in this respect but with little success.— Doc. 
Hist. .\. V. vol. iii. p. ]9.s. 



17G3 



:',S«;i EccLESiAsruAi- Kkcouds 

.\i:( IIHISIIOP SkCKKU T(J TMK lilOVKUKM* I)l!. SAMlKr, .loIINSON. 

I.ninbPtli. Mnrch 30, 17G3. 
*..>od l>r. Johnson : 

As Mr. Rparh liatli nndortakon to nnswf-r the Into vlnilc-nt rHnipliId, I liopp lio 
will do It In Buch n manner, as to win over llio more moderate of tlie IHsBentora 
from some of their projudlccs n>;aln8t us. and Hhanie eron the more vehement by a 
Kood Kxample Into some Degree of Mildness and Fairness. My meaning was not to 
intimate, that I knew the name of the writer, but only to signify a doubt, whether 
It might not be Dr. Mayhcw, which I found some persons had suspected. I knew not 
whether Mr. Itoach, who In a letter some time ago mentioned himself as declining, 
wnuld be willing to undertake such a work : and therefore had Intended to propose It 
to Mr. Aplhorpc. of whose al)illtlcs and toniprr the Hishop of Norwich gives rae the 
highest character. But I am glad your Information came time enough to prevent 
me : for one may suiBce. 

Probably our ministry will be concerting schemes this Summer against the next 
Session of Parliament for the Settlement of His Majesty's American Dominions. 
And then we must try our utmost for Bishops. Hitherto little hath been said to 
them, and less by them on the subject. Our Dissenters however give out the 
Contrary, and endeavour to raise an alarm. God prosper us, If It be his will. 

1 have not beard, that any application hath been made for a Doctor's Degree for 
Mr. Chandler : but shall be ready at any time to forward one ; I understand from 
you, that he deserves It so well. 

Dr. Burton will write to you concerning the several Missions. As the Society had 
on your Recommendation, appointed Mr. I'almer for Uye, and sent him notice of It, 
before Mr. Punderson was named on the occasion ; we cannot change the appoint- 
ment without Mr. Palmer's consent. I shall be glad, if he consents voluntarily : but 
we must not press him against his Inclination. The people at Uye may refuse him, 
If they will ; and take the maintenance of Mr. Punderson wholly on themselves ; and 
we shall be very well pleased. 

We have heard nothing directly from Hartford yet. Whenever a fit opportunity 
offers, we shall be very desirous of doing whatever may be agreeable to you. And I 
assure you I shall do nothing to retard your retirement, beyond expressing my 
wishes that you would be so kind to your College and to Mr. Cooper, as to give him 
a competent time for becoming and shewing himself In some degree proper to 
succeed you. 

It grieves me to concur In postponing any of the new Missions, which yon would 
have us establish. But indeed some of those which we have established already In 
New England and New York have so few members of our Church in them ; and there 
are so great numbers in other parts, destitute of all Instruction, whom we may hope 
to secure to our Church by sending Missionaries to them, before other teachers get 
among them, I mean the new and frontier Settlements ; that I think we cannot avoid 
preferring the latter. Would God we could effectually assist both. But we must 
not bring ourselves under a necessity of making another collection for the Society 
soon. Indeed it must be put off some years the longer, on account of that which 
is now making for the two Colleges : for they will be considered as akin one to the 
other. 

I told you, that I thought 1 had secured 170 pounds for Mr. Charltons Damages 
on his Glebe. And I have still reason to believe that the King did sign a Warrant 
for that sum to be paid here to the Society's Treasurer. But remonstrances were 
made against it by some officer tlirough whose hands the business was to pass. And 
now the Secretary at War hath written to Sir Jeffery Amherst about It, whose 
answer is in these words. " The Case of Mr. Charlton is this, that he really suffered 
by the encampment of the Troops : and I was in hopes that the Assembly of the 
Province would have considered his losses. If that doth not take place, I shall pay 
him out of the Contingencies in the manner you are pleased to direct." This there- 
fore I hope will be done. I hope also, that Mr. Charlton will lay out what he 
receives upon his Glebe faithfully, and prudently. If you can contribute to his 



OF THE State of New York. 3865 

1763 
doing so, I hope you will. For I know not how to contrive that the money may be 
paid Into the hands of any one, that should act as Trustee upon the occasion. 

I must not omit to tell you, that Mr. Cooper, in the only letter which I have 
had from him, dated Dec. 2, 1762, expresses, in the strongest manner his sense of 
the numberless Civilities and Acts of kindness, which he saith he hath received 
from you. Continual good advice will be the greatest kindness that you can show 
him. 

It would be inconvenient and disagreeable to Mr. Beach, and not desirable In 
Itself to have a formal controversy raised upon this wretched pamphlet. And In 
order to avoid it, his answer may be anonymous, as the pamphlet is. Or however, 
he may signifie that he doth not intend to take notice of any Repiy, or enter further 
Into a Discussion of particulars : his principal view being to convince persons, and 
If it may be, as he hopes it may, the writer himself, that since we are all to give 
an account of every idle word, and no Denomination of Christians is faultless, and 
mutual Charity is the great precept of our Saviour, we should treat all religious 
matters with seriousness, and one another with mildness and candour. 

I am told, that our younger Missionaries are apt to give us too sanguine accounts 
of the flourishing state of their Missions and to say things, which mislead us. It 
will be very kind in you and all our friends in America to prevent this as far as 
you can, by admonishing those who are inaccurate and indirect, and by giving the 
Society notice, when you see matters exaggerated by them. We shall carefully keep 
such notices secret. And indeed it will be best, that the whole afEairs of our Society 
should be transacted with as little talk about them abroad, as may be. 
I am, with much Regard, 

Your loving brother, 

(Signed) Tho. Cant. 

Lambeth, March 30, 1763. —Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vii, pp. 517-519. 



Extract From a Letter of Rev. John Ritzema to Rev. W. 
BuDDE, Dated April 1, 1Y63. Vol. 33, Page 67. No. 336. 

Letter from New York, written April 1, 1763 by Rev. J. Ritzema to Rev. W. 
Budde. In this 

1. He complains sorely about the state of the church in that country; for all 
those, who now call themselves the Coetus, with the single exception of the aged 
Erickson, (who sides with them solely for the sake of not being deposed), are 
given up to fanaticism, and are, at bottom. Independents. They cai-e for no 
(Church) Order or Constitution; preach, and want to preach, to every gathering, 
whatever be the name. Therefore, all the sects in the country, even the Immer- 
sionists, who, as the pretension Is, differ In nothing except the mode of adminis- 
tration of Baptism, say that they are one with the Dutch. Thereby, many simple 
souls in their congregations are enticed, caught and carried away. All this, he 
thinks, springs from that so-called "preaching the spirit" of these fanatics. Some 
remarkable Instances thereof, are given. 

2. He gives certain reasons why they (the Conferentie) thought, that when they 
did again unite in one Coetus, the majority vote should not prevail In certain 
matters that might have to be determined, in case a Coetus should ever be organ- 
ized again. He declares, however, that the restoration of the Coetus, while bene- 
ficial in some respects, involves very great difficulties in others. 

(1) Every Coetus costs him more than fifty guilders, for the entertainment of 
the brethren besides all the trouble. 

(2) Not much harmony can be expected In the matters coming up. This is 
sufficiently clear from the writings already published. 

(3) He doubts whether the Church of New York, as well as that of Albany, will 
be willing to delegate their ministers thereto. 

(4) Love, patience, forbearance, etc., will be able to accomplish a great deal; 
but setting the law, ruling, will accomplish nothing; and it is the latter that the 
members of the Coetus are seeking, while unwilling to be governed themselves. 
He closes with congratulations. 

101 



aSG6 ECCLKSIASTICAL Ui:< (»UI»S 

EmICAC T Fl£<»M A I.KTTKK OF THE CoETUS, VKU liKV. S. VkuURYCK, 
rilESIDf:NT, A.NL> J. LeYDT, ScHIHK TO THE ClASSIS OF AMSTER- 
DAM, Datei., Ai'kil (), ITG.'J. Vol. 33, Page G8. No. 338. 

Loftor from Apcjnnrkntionrk, RlKunrl, April 0. 176.1, by 8. Vcrbrj-ck. p. t. I'racse* 
and John I/oytlt, i>. t. Scrllm. In this 

1. Thoy Ktnto thnt, nlthongh It v.r.8 their buslnoss nnrt rtoHlro, nH woll nn ours, to 
•••(Mire Vcnco niul Unity nnionc tbomsolvcH, they are obliged to Biiy thnt the peace 
desired hns not yet bfcn efTeoled. nnd Is pof»»ll»ly now lens probnble than before. 
For, nfter the CoetHH hnd. for good rciisons, given to the public the letter of 
Clnesls, dated April 1.3, 1701, together with a. Hupplenient from tlir < .utiis, mnklng 
fresh proposnis for pence; we becnnie nware of the fact thnt the Anlcles, adopted 
by the Cinssls are still held, and the CoetUH hns received no further reply from the 
Conferentle. Moreover, we are now no longer divided Into only two pnrtleH, but 
a third has arisen, which under the name of a neutral party, remnluH by ItHelf. 

2. They further declare that, the Coetns has no desire whatever, that the llev. 
Cinssls should side with cither party, to the exclusion of the other, beyond what 
truth and the equity of things require: yet their opinion Is, thnt to continue the 
use of only general terms (of designation) will damage, rather than benefit the 
cause of unincation nnd the Interests of the Church of God. 

3. They sny, that the Coetus Is of opinion that If Its power to promote is not 
divine, then It Is Impossible for It to exercise that power In any respect, at any 
time, with a good conscience; that If it is divine, then no one save God, has a right 
to deprive them of it. Especially as the Coetus Is nn Assembly, consisting of 
many consistories, and severnl Circles (Uingen, Circuits) according to the seventh 
of the Kundnmentnl Articles of its first organization. From this it appears that 
the Coetus is by no means to be considered less than a Classls; and, therefore, 
ought surely to be able to do as much and with as much right. 

Therefore the Coetus ought to be considered as an Assembly of Ecclesiastical- 
Bishops, competent by divine power and right to do as much, and everything that 
any Clnssis in the Netherlands can do in that capacity. For its greater efllciency, 
the Coetus may advise and correspond with the Classls of Amsterdam, while hav- 
ing the right of appeal to the Synod of North Holland, to be used in cases of 
necessity. 

4. They declare this to be the meaning, therefore, the desire, and the petition 
of the Coetus: that the Rev. Classls of Amsterdam, the divine nature of Whose 
organization and power is admitted, would be pleased to recognize and declare the 
Coetus to be such a body, and to use its Influence with the very Rev. Synod of 
North Holland, that the Coetus may, as such, be received and recognized by the 
Synod. 

In order to bring this matter the sooner to an end, the Coetus requests and 
authorizes the Rev. Jacob Rutsen Hardenborg, minister at old Raritan, etc., who 
is going across the sea, to bring his mother-in-law to America, to lay this letter 
before your Revs., and a letter, containing the same request, before the very Rev. 
Synod, and to give such further information as the matter may require. 

Concludes with congratulations. 

Church of New York. 
Opposition to English Preaching. 

New York, April 11, 1763. 
Consistory held at the request of Messrs. Abel Hardenbrock, 
Jakobus Stoutenberg, etc., after calling on God's name. 

1. Stoutenberg read a paper filled with grievous accusations 
against the Consistory. The paper was not addressed to the Con- 



OP THE State of New York. 3867 

1768 

sistory; and on further explanation, they said they recognized "us 

as brethren, but not as the Consistory. But, we answered, that as 

we sat as a Consistory, we could not treat with them while our 

official capacity was denied. 

2. They desired to have the request which Alderman Bogart 
had brought in on the 6th of January (1763), in their name, made 
null, as it had been delivered without their wish. Whereupon 
Alderman Bogart, to their shame, made a contrary statement, 
whereat they were dumbfounded. 

3. They desired to present a paper signed by 110 male mem- 
bers. This the Consistory refused to receive because it did not 
recognize their official character. At last they throw it down, 
and so marched out of the meeting. The Consistory, however, 
resolved to preserve the writing as disclosing the way in which 
they regarded us. 

Signed etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 
Letters. 

1763, April 11th. Art. 9. In compliance with the request of 
Eev. Classis to write further to Rev. Keteltas, the Messrs. Depp. 
ad res Exteras read a letter to that gentleman, which was ap- 
proved by the Assembly. 

They also read a letter to Messrs. Ritzema, de Ronde, van 
Sinderen and Rubel, which was also approved, with thanks to the 
Messrs. Depp. 

There was also a letter read to the consistory of the four com- 
bined congregations. 

The Rev. Depp, also read a plan how there might be appointed 
in the church of l^ew York a minister, to perform the services in 
the English language in the ISTew Church (comer of cedar and 
Nassau streets.) 

The Assembly having listened to this plan, finds it very excel- 
lent and approves of this project. 



3S68 EccLESiAHTirAL Kkcouds 

1763 

Tlioy nlso road a IcIIit from IJov. Jak'^on, iiiinistor at Borgon 

and Staten Island, to wliieh they repliod with the ajijjroval of the 

Kev. Classis. XI IT. .'}31, 335. 

(Examination.) 
Art. 11. 'J ho ^Mopprs. IToolboom, Kuipc-rs, and van l^ingcn, 
thereupon preaclied sermons on tlic texts assigned to them, with 
80 nmeh satisfaction tliat they were admitted to examination. 
The said gentlemen were thereafter examined by the Rev. Mr. 
Biidde in the Hebrew and the Greek languages, on the chapters 
assigned to them, and subsequently questioned on the articles of 
Sacred Theology. They gave so much satisfaction in this exami- 
nation to this Assembly, that Rev. Hoolboom was assi.gncd to 
the church of Archangel (Russia), and Rev. (Warmoldus) 
Kuipers to the congregation on the Island of Curacoa, (West 
Indies) ; and Rev. van Lingen, after he had repudiated the con- 
demned opinions of Prof. Roel and Dr. Bekker, and taken the 
oath against Simony, and promised to read without alteration the 
three questions in the Form for Baptism, was not only mth 
much pleasure admitted by the whole Assembly (as a licentiate) 
to the public preaching, but the clerk was also directed to give 
him a laudable certificate. XIII. 335, 336. 

TuE Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. William J.ucsox, Apkjl 
11, 1763. Vol. 31, Page 199. No. 129. 

To Rev. Wm. Jakson, A. L. H. pastor at Bergen (and) Staten Island. 

Rev. Sir and Much-beloved Brother: 

Although the Glassis had resolved not to answer letters directed to her by pri- 
vate individuals, on account of the increased burden of correspondence incident 
thereto; yet she thinks it would be useful briefly to answer your letter of July 18, 
1762. It is well known to you that sometime after the establishment of the Coetua 
In 1747, that body became divided, one part continuing to call themselvee the 
Coetus, while the other party called themselves the Conferentle. You know also 
how grievous all this has been to the Classls, and how many attempts she has 
made to unite the brethren into one Coetus, but that all her efforts have been in 
vain. This is very distasteful to us. But the Classls is especially Indignant at 
the publication of the book of Leydt, who, with his adherents, not only attempts 
to withdraw himself from the Classis altogether; but also by his writing so many 
slanderous things has brought reproach, in your country, both upon the Classia 
and the Synod of North Holland. lie utterly falls to appreciate the abundant 
labors of the Classis for the benefit of the churches in your land. 

We have expressed our opinion on these matters in a letter to the gentlemen 
who call themselves the Coetus. This has already been sent, and you will learn 



OF THE State op New York. 3869 

1763 
therefrom what the Classis thinks of the attempts of Rev. Leydt and his adher- 
ents. You will understand how much we disapprove of his act, and how pleased 
we are with the opinions of the brethren who call themselves the Conferentie, and 
who are determined to remain subordinate to the Classis of Amsterdam. Prom 
this you can easily draw the conclusion, that we cannot, according to your request, 
write to your Consistory in order to direct them to give their consent to your 
going to attend a meeting of the so-called Coetus, because it is only a remnant of 
the real Coetus. We cannot unite in your views of this matter, but it becomes 
rather our duty to admonish you fraternally and earnestly, as we have other min- 
isters, to be as active as possible in bringing such disturbances and divisions to 
an end, and to unite yourselves again in a Coetus subordinate to the Classis of 
Amsterdam. Por unless this be done, we see nothing else than the destruction of 
your congregations. 

You write about the case of Rev. Keteltas, alluding to the fact that some think 
a reordination to be necessary. This is quite outside the truth; for his call was 
only made known to us, because of a suspicion about his views on the Holy 
Trinity and the generation of the Son. An extract of his opinions was sent us, 
and our views were desired, namely, whether he under such circumstances, could 
be admitted as the minister of a Dutch Church, as the Consistory of a certain 
place desired. Neither is it true that Rev. Ritzema has declared himself against 
the call of a minister to the New York Church, to preach in English; but in many 
letters, signed by that gentleman, he has agreed thereto. You will understand, 
therefore, that the Classis has sufficient reason to rebuke you for slanderous lan- 
guage about these gentlemen, and for great injury done unto others. What is the 
use of this wild zeal of yours? Does it show a Christian spirit? Does It mani- 
fest brotherly love? Are such things the fruits of the Spirit? By no means. 
The fruits mentioned by Paul in Gal. 5:22, are of a totally different sort. 

But we will stop here, only saying that we are filled with sorrow in your behalf. 
We are grieved that you, who, in the judgment of charity, mean well, should be 
so far carried away by ill-directed zeal, as to slander different persons who do 
not at all deserve it. But we will not take up everj'thing of a bad spirit, but we 
fraternally exhort you to avoid In the future such behavior; to subdue your pas- 
sions; to pray for the spirit of love, goodness, humility, temperance; to bear with 
one another, to forgive one another, as God for Christ's sake, has forgiven you. 
Show forth that love, which Is the bond of perfectness. And now may the peace 
of God dwell in your hearts. With such desires, we remain, with brotherly 
affection. 

Rev. Sir and Much-beloved Brother, 

Your obedient servants and brethren, 

John Jacob Kessler, Depp. CI. h. t. Praeses. 

Job. de Lange, Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
In the Name of the Classical Assembly 

at Amsterdam, April 11th, 1763. 

Church of ISTew York. 
Manor of Fordham. English Preaching. 

New York, April 14, 1763. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Present: Domine Ritzema, President, Domine De Ronde; Elders: Pleter Lott, 
Cornelius Bogart, Cornelius Clopper, John Bogart, Jr. and Theodore Van Wyck. 
Deacons: Gerard Beekman, Isaac Rosevelt and Dirk Brlnkerhoff. 

1. The lease for the three lots of John Van der Hull was examined, and was 
found to expire in May next. Of this Mr. Petrus Louw, in behalf of his mother, 
was convinced, and therefore renounced the claim to hold It till the year 1768. 
Still he asked to have one and a half lots during the remaining five years, at 
£.5. per lot yearly— making £7Y2. for the whole. The answer was referred to next 
consistory. 

2. Three leases given In the same year, 1718, were found, in which the same 
mistake occurred, viz., of Abram Paalding, Fred'k Woertendyk, John HItskok. 
There was still missing one of Willem de Pue, which must be sought for. 



•'^870 F^CXTLESIASTICAL HkcoKPS 

1763 

8. Tho Irttor of Jaroh I,«.nt on iho Mnnor wns roa.l Thonnpon tl.o ConnUtorr 
rr»olv.Ml lhn( thoy «:o„|,j oxpcct thU ycnr the £1.',. «l,lch nro domnmlo,!. nnd hero- 
nflrr would rco what Ihoy could do In the cane. 

4 In rtUtlon to tho |Hipor prcentcd by Aldormnn nognrt on January Otb, It 
waa rosolrwJ. on rrqnoRt of ihoRo In whoae name It waa prewntod. lo make It 
nail as If It had n.'vcr bwn ofTcrod. 

r.. Renolved. Thai Blnro It cloarly app«a™ from the paper thrown down that 
the conalsfory la not reroRtilzed. (he ITealdont Rlinll not, nlthonch rcqtioatcd, 
asorlhe any conclstory to thmi, aa with the conm-nt of the ronslHtor}- llHolf. 

0. itoBolv.Ki. That tho KlKht Artlrlei.. na rrnd word by word after the amend- 
ment. Rhnll be reronlo.I In the book, with nn N. B.. by which the i)re«ent Con- 
Blatory bIiiiM hold thi-ni literally, without alteration. 

7. The hope now nrlscs for once that those recognized n« on tho Dutch side 
may I)e unlt<«<l: and the ConRlstory la convinced, that many of the nlKnora did not 
understand what tlioy signed. Therefore the Consistory feols bound, eapeclally 
since there are many who have not signed on either side, to try whother a number 
of them could not be convinced by personal addresB. of the necesHlty, for the wel- 
fare of the whole congregation, of holding fast to the Eight Articles. 

8. Resolved. That the Church Masters henceforth sell no more seats In the 
church, but only rent the same; and this shall be made known to the monibera. 

0. Resolved, That the Interest of tho £2000., due In May next, be pnld to the 
ministers. The Treasurer Is requested, therefore, to keep this money In the 
treasury. 

10. That Mr. Andrew Breestede be requested to prepare a plan for tho gallery 
in the New Church. 

Signed etc., 

J. Rltzema, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Lettere. Eeport on Lejdt's Second Pamphlet. Complaint by 
Eitzema. 
1763, May 2. Art. 2. The Acta of the pre^dons meeting were 
read. On this occasion the Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras read a 
letter to Eev. Wildrick, on Ciiracoa, which was approved. They 
also made a report on a letter and a (second) pamphlet by Eev. 
Leith, (Leydt), minister at New Brunswick in ISTew Jersey, (dated 
Feb. 19, 1762) ; as well as of a letter from Eev. Eitzema, dated 
Dec. 29, 1762, in which he complains that he had been falsely ac- 
cused of writing to the Christian Synod of 1757. In regard to 
this the Eev. Depp, ad res Exteras shall further inform them- 
selves. XIII. 336. 

The Classis of Amsteiu>am to Eev. E. Weldrick of Cueagoa, 
May 2, 1763. Vol. 31, Page 14. Xo. 103. (Eev. Wae/- 

NOLDUS KUYPEKS, AfTERWARD OF EhINEBECK. 

To Rev. Rudolphus Wildrlk, minister at Curacoa. 
Very Rev. Sir and Much Beloved Brother:— 

With a view to keeping up the fraternal correspondence, we have Just now, on 
the 12th of January, 1762, replied to your Rev's, latest letter of July 22, 1761. 



OF THE State of New York. 3871 

1763 

and also sent your Rev. the Acts of the Synod of North Holland, held at Hoom, 
in the year 1761, We hope that your Rev. may duly receive the same, as also our 
letter. We are confident however, that your Rev. is also glad to keep up the 
laudable correspondence, and that you will soon give us fresh and agreeable evi- 
dences thereof. 

We did not want to neglect informing your Rev. of the fact that the Messrs. 
Directors have recently designated as minister on Curacoa, Rev. Warmoldus Kuy- 
pers, ministerial candidate of Gronongen. The Classis last held, finally examined 
and qualified him for the ministry of the Holy Ghost in your Rev's, church. He 
is now about to come over to you with the first opportunity. 

We felicitate your Rev. upon receiving this new colleague. Our hearts' desire 
is that his Rev's, ministry may be acceptable to the Church and richly blest. We 
also desire that your Rev. may, have with him, in sincere brotherly love, a united, 
peaceful and fruitful life; also that you may enjoy useful intercourse together in 
the House of the Lord, for your mutual stimulation to diligence In knowledge and 
zeal in the Lord's service. 

May the King of Glory, whom we are and whom we must serve, fill the hearts 
of His servants in your church with His love, guide them by His fear and gird 
them with strength. Thus may He pour forth abundantly upon you the memory 
of His great goodness, and make known unto you His righteousness with joy! 
May He use your Rev's, ministry for extending Plis kingdom in your midst! May 
He establish you and set you for a Praise in those lands! Further, with much 
affection, we remain. 

Very Rev. Sir and Much Respected Brother, 

Your Rev's, ready Servants and Brethren, 

In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Signed, 

Johannes de Lange, V. D. M. Amst. Depp. Classis, Res Exteras, h. t. Praeses. 
Winoldus Budde, E. CI. Amst. Depp. Classis Ad Res. Ext. h. t. Scrlba. 
Done in our Classical Assembly, held at Amsterdam, May 2, 1763. 

Extract of a Letter of the Conferentie, per Rev, Johist 

ElTZEMA, to the ClaSSIS OF AMSTERDAM, JuNE 8, 1763. VoL. 

33, Page 65. Xo, 332. 

Letter, written from New York, June 8, 1763, by Rev. John Ritzema, in the 
name of his colleague, de Ronde, and also of Revs. Van Sinderen and Rubel. 

1. They report that they received our bundle of letters of Jan. 11, 1763, on the 
5th of June; and with great pleasure read our letters, for which they heartily 
thank us. 

2. They state that they have nothing against our decision concerning the 
majority vote in the Coetus. 

3. They declare that it would have been pleasing to them, if it had been our 
desire to touch on the matter of the disruption of the Coetus also; but that since 
we let the subject of Peace alone, they also will go to no further trouble about it. 

4. They say: We want no yoke of human bondage about us; but we desire to * 
observe good order, agreeably to divine and human laws; to this indeed we have 
obligated and bound ourselves. And, If it pleases the Rev. Classis, as a High 
Assembly to which we are most closely subordinated, to support us therein, then 

the Classis can assure itself not only of our adherence to them, to the exclusion 
of auy other body, but also they may assure themselves that benefits will result 
therefrom to the churches in these regions. 

5. They mention also that they had delivered our letter to Rev. Keteltas, and 
also the one addressed to the church (which had called him); but that they have 
thus far been unable to persuade them to come to an agreement, and had giv«n 
them some more time for the consideration of the matter. 

They conclude with congratulations. 



3872 Ecclesiastical Records 

1703 



ADMINISTKATIOXOFLTKUTEXANT-GOVKirXOUCAI)- 
WAIJ.ADKII COLDKX, JUNE 28, 17n3-\OVKMP.ER 13, 
1705. 

Ciirncii OF Xew Ydhk. 

Preach I. \o in Encmsii. 

Xow York, June 8, 1763. 
Consist.f>ry licld after calling on (Ind's name. 
The ansAver of domine Lon^ieville and Elinshall to the letter 
sent to them in January last, concernini^ the call of an English 
minister, etc., was read. The same committee was appointed to 
reply to their letter by the first opportunity. 

The Treasurer was authorized to pay the account of Francois 
Marschalk and also of the lawyers, concerning the Manor. 



PsAXMs IX English witu Dutch Music. 

New York, July 5, 17G3. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 
The plan of certain Psalms in English rhyme, according to onr 
music, was laid before the consistory, and so far approved. The 
matter was referred to a committee to examine, when further 
completed, who are then to consult with others. The committee 
are domine Pitzem.a, Cornelius Clopper, Theodore Van Wyck, 
Pieter Keteltas and Dirck Brinckerhoff. 
Signed, 

Lambertus de Itonde, p. t. President. 



Preaching in English. Pev. Archibald Laidlie. 

New York, July 16, 1763. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 
Present: Domine de Ronde, President; domine Ritzema. 
Elders: S. Johnson, C. Clopper, P. Lott, John Bogart, Jr., Theo- 
dore Van Wyck. 



OP THE State of New York. 3873 

1763 

Deacons: Gerrit Eappelje, P. Keteltas, John Hardenbrock, 

Gerard Beekman, T. Tieboiit, J. Roosevelt, Jr. 

A copy of a letter written at Amsterdam May 6, 1763, by the 

Eev. D. Longueville and J. BKnshall in reference to the English 

preacher, was presented and read. Thereon it was 

1. Enquired, Whether the excellent character of domine Archi- 
bald Laidlie as given by these gentlemen, were not enough to war- 
rant us to call him; also, whether the difficulties stated by the 
same, as to the Bond, the preaching service, etc., were not already 
removed; also, whether the Bond demanded by the succeeding 
consistory were not in the nature of the case, the strongest secur- 
ity. To all these questions, the answer was. Yes. The call shall 
therefore be prepared by the committee before appointed. 

2. Resolved, To write to the Classis of Amsterdam, and make 

known to them the calling by us of an English minister for our 

congregation, the plan of which has already been approved bj 

them, and to request their farther aid in the same for the good 

of our congregation. 

Signed etc., 

Lambertus de Ronde, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Chassis of Amsterdam. 
The Case op Ritzema. 
1763, July 18th. Art. 5, ad Art. 2 of the Regular Meeting of 
May 2, 1763. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras have informed 
themselves as to the false accusation of which Rev. Ritzema com- 
plains. They made a report thereon and read a*pre-advice in re- 
lation to the matter. This pre-advice, to be foimd in Adis Deputor 
torum, was changed into a resolution of Classis. xxiii. 343. 

MiNUTE-BoOK or THE CoETUS OF NeW YoRK, EtC. 

Art. 6, ad Art. 5 of Regular Meeting, Oct. 4, 1762. The Rev. 
Deputati ad res Exteras also reported on the business laid upon 
them October 4, 1762, for which see Acta of that date. The dele- 
gates ad Synodum are directed to bring this report in Synodo, 
nomine Classis. The same is also found in the Acta of the 
Deputies, xiii. 343. 



.''>>^71 Eccr.EsiASTirAi- RKronna 

1763 

llKgrEST OF THK CoETUS OK XkW YoKK. 

Art. 7. 'J'horo nppoarod before the Classis, Rov. Jaml) Kutao 
TTnrdoiihorcr, minister at. Old Karitan, in Now Netliorland. ITo 
banded in a letter, addressed to tbe Classia of Amsterdam. Ac- 
cording: to tbe sif^atures of this letter, it was written by order 
of tbe Coetus of Xew TCetherland, sif^ied by Samuel Verbryck, 
President, protem, and Jobn Leydt, Clerk, protem. It was dated 
Aquackanonek (Passaic) April 6, 1703, and contained, 

1. A request tliat tbe Classis of Amsterdam would be pleased 
to reco^ize tbe Coetns; also tbat it would aid in promoting 
before tbe Christian S_%Tiod (of North Holland) that the Coetus 
should be recognized bv that Christian Synod, and declared to be 
a (regular) Coetus or Assembly of church officials, ■^nth power 
and right to do all that any Classis in the Netherlands does in 
that capacity ; that the said Classis (Coetus ?) should consult and 
correspond -svith the Classis of Amsterdam, and tbat the right of 
appeal should remain open to the Synod of North Holland, to be 
made use of in case of necessity : and 

2. A declaration that the Coetus has authorized the aforesaid 
Rev. Hardenberg to give such further explanations to the Classis 
and Synod, as the case may require. 

This letter was read to the x\ssembly, and Rev. Hardenberg 
was also heard. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras had also more 
than once conferred wdth Rev. Hardenberg previously. They 
now read a report (pre-advice) upon this matter, which was ap- 
proved by the Assembly with thanks, and was changed into a 
resolution of the Classis, and the same was ordered to be inserted 
in the Acta Deputatorum. After this, Mr. Hardenberg was in- 
formed by tbe Rev. President, nomine Classis, that the Classis 
considers that it has no power to grant the proposed request. 

Commission of Rev. Lange. The Assembly subsequently re- 
solved to commission. Rev. de Lange, together with and besides the 
other delegates ad Synodum, to give further ex|3lanation to the 
Christian Synod regarding the condition of the church affairs in 
New Netberland, and fully to inform the Christian S.^mod as to 



OF THE State of New York. 3875 

1768 
the transactions of the Classis with the Ooetus hitherto. This 
commission Eev. de Lange was pleased to accept, xiii. 343, 344, 
345. 

Lettees. 

Art. 8. The Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras read a letter from 
Batavia dated Oct. 18, 1762, wherein was sent to Classis an ac- 
count of the state of the church in ISTetherland's India. They also 
reported that they had received several letters, of various dates, 
from Rev. Jakson; also one from Rev. Marinus; and two from 
the consistory of Poughkeepsie and Fishkill, But all these being 
from private individuals, according to previous resolutions no 
extracts shall be made therefrom, nor shall they be answered, 
xiii. 345. 

Acts of the Deputies July 18, 1763. 

Report of the case of Ritzema. 

Preadvlce of the Deputies, In the case of the false accusation against Rev. 
Ritzema, regarding the letter written to the Synod of North Holland. 

The Deputati ad Res Exteras report, that Rev. Ritzema in a letter to them, 
declares that he has never written such a letter to the North Holland Synod, with 
such a request, as is contained in the Acta of the year 1757, and he requests to 
be vindicated in reference to that matter. The Deputati have obtained this letter, 
written over Rev. Ritzema's name from the Synodical chest, and (compared) it 
with other authentic letters of his. Thereby they have been able plainly to see 
that this was not written by him, but by some other hand. It differs also very 
much in its contents, from a letter, which Rev. Ritzema wrote to the Classis about 

the same person, of the Moreover the difference In spelling, and faults 

in grammar, discover very plainly that this letter was composed by another and 
strange hand. The Deputies are of the opinion that Rev. Ritzema was falsely 
accused, and ought to be vindicated, and to receive all possible satisfaction. 

Report of the Request of the Coetiis. 

Preadvlce on the request of the so-called Coetus of New York made by Rev. 
Jacob Rutse Hardenberg; as also on the information by the same, concerning the 
meeting of the so-called Coetus of New York, as described in a certain pamphlet. 

The Deputies also report that there appeared before them. Rev. Jacob Rutse 
Hardenberg, minister at Old Raritan, in New Netherland. He was furnished with 
full authority from those ministers who yet call themselves the Coetus. His 
papers were signed by John Leidt (Leydt) and Samuel Verbryck, ministers at New 
Brunswick and Tappan. He, by virtue of his commission, had proposed to them, 
(the Deputies) whether the Classis of Amsterdam could not consent to change th^ 
New York Coetus into a Classis, with the power of ordaining to the ministry in 
that land; and whether it could (not) also advise the Conferentie Assembly to 
favor the change of the Coetus into a Classis. He claims that this would be the 
best way of making an end of all schisms and dissensions, and of uniting the min- 
isters and consistories there into one body; adding thereto, that if this should be 
accorded by the Classis, they then also would be desiring from here a Professor 
in Theology, to instruct the youth over there In Theology, and to qualify them for 
the Sacred Ministry. 

The Deputati remark, first of all, that Rev. Hardenberg is one of those min- 
isters, whom, they who call themselves the Coetus examined and advanced to the 
candidateship and to the ministry in that land, against the resolution of Classlg 



nS76 Eccr,ESiASTirAr« Hf.couds 

1763 

mid S.viuxl. For thin ronson llio (■1hk**Ih ihIcM fnlrly rofiiHi* In riwoRiilr^ Rov. 
Unrdrnlxre In tliat rnjiarlly; but liiMsiiiurli nn llio ri-i"-!!'.. In IIh jriicr of .Tun. 13, 
1761. drolnrcd. that irhUc they rnuUI not intlrrd njtprnrr the ordinntinnn effected, at 
havinp hrrn effected upon the fnoHnp of the Setherlnnd ehurcheK, yet they tcould not 
judpe. them fttrietly, tnueh Icks try to annul them : hut for the nokc of peace they 
trould let them utand, and eoniiider them an aecomplhhed factit. The rinsslB could, 
fliprcforo, nt tin* pn-nit iltno also oxorolsi- tlic ncromn nilntloii to lnMrUcii to the 
prrt|>o«ltlon of Hov. IInr<lnnl«orp, and to dollhorato tlioroon. 

Hut tho Popiillos nrp of the opinion, h.tIvo infllorl, that llio roqncKt can in no 
roppeot be prnnted: 

1. nernnpo this subject Is already n re/< judicata. The plan of ohanjclng tho 
ToetnR Into a Classls and of erecting an Academy were rejected by the ClaRsIs In 
two empliatlc letters, viz., of Dec. 0, 17r.r>, and April r>, 1758; also by the Synod 
of North Holland, which emphatically confirmed tho opinions of the Clnssls In the 
years ITr.ti and 1757. 

2. Hecanse, since then, no circtimstanre in favor of these propos.ils has occnrrefl, 
which could persuade the ('lassis to a ehnnKe of sentiment; but on the contrary 
affairs have grown much worse, while the schism and dissensions have nnich 
Increased, and the embltterment between the two parties has become greater. 
Indeed, the matter has gone so far that Rev. Lidt (Leydt) has not hesitated, even 
In public print. In his pamphlet before mentioned, to Insult the Classls, In a 
scornful manner, In several places; and also even to Injure the feelings of the 
Synod of North Holland very deeply. He also maintains therein. In every way, 
thqt the Coetus has the right to ordain, etc. He seeks to bring to naught all sub- 
jection to the Classls, and, on the other hand, to Introduce a complete IntU-pendence. 

In answer to this pamphlet, the Conferentle Meeting has published another. In 
this they not only oppose Rev. Leydt, but also ascribe the right to ordain in the 
church, to the Classls of Amsterdam alone. They declare that they are perfectly 
willing to remain subordinate to the Classls of Amsterdam, and make request. In 
a letter accompanying these two pamphlets, that the Classls would please render 
a final decision on this point; otherwise they will feel themselves compelled to 
address themselves to the Synod. 

In order to comply with this request, Classls, after mature consideration on this 
matter, has adopted a resolution, and has ordered Its Deputies ad Res Exteras to 
write two letters conveying its decision: One to the Conferentle Meeting, and 
another to the Coetus; and to express to the latter the displeasure of the Classls 
at the action taken in the premises. 

Tho Deputies have carried out this ordor, and prepared two letters, which were 
approved by Classls and subsequently forwarded. In the one, they approved and 
praised the doings of the Conferentle Meeting; and In the other, to the Coetus, they 
plainly declared the dissatisfaction of the Classls with its conduct. 

In both these letters, it is circumstantially declared, that the Classls of Amster- 
dam has the right of ordination for the churches of New York; and that church 
(in New York) and also the Coetus are legally subordinate to the Classis. This Is 
proved: 1. From the original character of that province, when it stood under the 
West India Company. Then this, like all other colonies of the Company, was 
subordinated to the Classis of Amsterdam; .and as a matter of course their preach- 
ers were then subordinate. This, if necessary, can be proved from many docu- 
ments in the keeping of Classis. 2. From the circumstances under which the 
church is sittiated, since this pi'ovinoe came under the power of Great Britain. 
At the transference of this province to the Dominon of Great Britain, Sept. 8, 
1664, the following was explicitly guaranteed and accorded: Article 8: "The 
Dutch here shall retain and enjoy freedom of conscience In Worship and in Church 
Discipline." Article 12: "All public writings and records concerning the inheri- 
tance of any one, or the Kcclesiastical Government the Diaconate or Orphanage 
Boards, shall be carefully retained by those In whose keeping they are " 

From this, it is evident that the church condition (kerkstaat) of that province 
remained In the same status in which they were, when It was subject to the West 
India Company; and that It also remained In the same condition at the definitive 
Treaty of Peace between the King of Great Britain and the High Mightinesses, 
The States General, in the year 1667. Therein it was explicitly agreed: "That 
each of the said parties shall hold and possess In perfect right of sovereignty, pro- 



OF THE State of New York. 3877 

1763 
priety and possession, all such countries, islands, towns, forts, places and colonies, 
and so many as each, whether during this war or before, in whatever time it may 
have been, shall have taken and retained from the other, by force and by arms, or 
In whatever manner it may have been, and that in the same manner as they shall 
have occupied and possessed them, on the 10/20 May last, none of the said places 
excepted." 3. From the fundamental articles upon which the Coetus was granted. 
4. Finally, from the experience and recognition of the Church of New Netherland 
itself, enforced by the resolutions of the Synod. 

To these two letters answers are expected shortly. When these come it will be 
seen what effect these letters have produced. As affairs stand thus, Classis can- 
not possibly make any change therein. How, too, could it grant a request to those 
who have thus insulted it, as well as the Synod; and who, in defiance of the reso- 
lutions of Classis and Synod, have already examined, on their own authority, sev- 
eral ministers in that land; and who have also done these things at the expense of 
those who hold themselves to the utterances of Classis and Synod. These also 
have no knowledge of this mission of Rev. Hardenberg, and only recently in letters 
of March 10 and April 1, 1763, express themselves very emphatically as opposed 
to the sentiments of those who call themselves the Coetus? 

For all these reasons, the Deputies decide that not only the Classis must now 
persist in its sentiments, but that it can in no part desist therefrom; and that it 
ought to declare this to the aforesaid Rev. Hardenberg. It should also add thereto, 
that, in case that Coetus wants to persevere on the course heretofore pursued, the 
Classis will find itself compelled to break off all cori-espondence with it, and to 
abandon it to its fate. They must attribute to themselves the blame for this, 
when at any time hereafter, they may experience the injurious consequences of 
their separation, and not pretend that they were not warned. 

Further, the Deputies submit for consideration, whether Rev. Hardenberg ought 
not to be warned, that he must not undertake to raise money here for the carry- 
ing out the plan of erecting an Academy, for he has already begun to gather in 
the moneys secured by Rev. Frielinghuysen, lest he come into difficulty here. 

Finally, the Deputies furnish some principal specimens from Rev. John Leydt's 
book, entitled, 

"True Liberty the Way to Peace." This was published after previous examina- 
tion, according to Church Order, at Philadelphia, Anno 1760. Therein, not only 
the Classis, but also the Synod of North Holland are greatly insulted and traduced. 

The Classis is insulted and traduced on pages 25 and 26. A question here arises. 
Also on pages 27 and 28 entire; page 47, line 3 from end; page 48, line 8; page 50, 
line 1; page 52, line 4; page 57, line 3. 

The Synod is insulted and traduced, page 29, entire, and page 30, the greater 
part: "The Synod having been recently requested," etc. 

They, the Deputies, think that the Synod of North Holland should be informed 
of the affronts and revilings which are directed against the Classis of Amsterdam 
and the said Synod, in this pamphlet. 

This Preadvice of the Deputies upon these three aforesaid Articles was changed 
into a resolution of Classis; and it was resolved to bring this report before the 
Synod, in the name of Classis. 

The North Holland Synod took over this resolution of Classis with thanks and 
complete approval, and adopted a resolution in very emphatic terms, to be found 
in the Acta of the Synod at Edam, Anno 1763, Article 48. 

xxlv. 90-92. 

Extract From a Lettee, From the Consistory of 'Nietw Yorx, 
PER Eev, Db Ronde, Dated July 20, 1763. Vol. 33, Page 
69. ]^o. 339. 

A letter from I^Tew York, signed, July 20, 1763, in name of the 
Consistory there, by Lambertus de Ronde, b. t. Praeses. In this 
1. They declare that the Ninth Article of onr Classical Meet- 
ing, held April 11, 1763, in reference to their purpose of having 



.'•S78 ECCLKSIASTICAI, Uk* (»IM)a 

1703 

ill tlioir rliiin'li n ministpr to pronrli in tlio Knplisli lancninpo, on 

the same footintr with tho Dutrli niinisterfl, is cxcoodiji^ly n^eo- 

qMo tr» tliom. Also thcv notice tlint wo too, havo paiiiod some 

proj.or insitrht. into flirir afTairs, nnij that, thrrcfori', thr>y may he 

in a cojulition to inaintain thoir lawful nndf-rtakincs. in opj)osi- 

tion to malicious ailvcrsarica, should necessity call for it. In this 

case they would look to na for onr (classical) assistance. 

2. They state that they have heard that the Kcv. Archihald 
Laidlie, who is recommended to them, is a person very suitable to 
answer their object. Wherefore they have offered him the call, 
not doubting tliat it vn.]] receive our (classical) approval ; and that 
since his Rev. will come to them, as one sent by the Rev. Classis, 
no further opposition will be raised. 

They conclude \vith congratulations. 

Church of New York. 

New York. Jul.v 21. 1768. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. Report was made by tho committee concerning Messrs. Lefferta, Abraham 
and Dirk Hankers. Evert and Adrian. Pleter Cloi)per. etc.. to whom th*' onlire 
proceedings of the consistory were read over. No one of them made any objec- 
tion; yet they desired that the call on domino Laldlle should not be sealed with 
the church seal, but only signed, according to custom. This, the conslstorj-, after 
consideration, agreed to. 

2. It was further represented by the gentlemen that, although by the Eight 
Articles, the collection In both services were to be for the church and poor In 
common; yet they had nothing against applying the collection at the English sen-Ice 
to the support of the English minister. If the subscription for the same fell short. 
This also was unanimously agreed to. 

3. The call was signed by the Consistory and delivered over to be Immediately 
forwarded. 

Signed etc., 

Lambertus De Ronde. p. t. Presldent- 

Call of Rev. Archibald Laidiab, the First Minister to 
Preach in- English^ in the Dutch Church of New York. 

Call of the revered and learned Mr. Archibald Laldlle. now minister In the 
Reformed English Church of Jesus Christ at Vllssingen In Zeeland. by the Min- 
isters. Elders and Deacons of the Dutch Reformed Congregation of Jesus Christ 
In the city of New York, in North America, as authorized by the Congregation, 
(being supported by a sufficient subscription,) to be the minister In said Congre- 
gation In the English language: — 

Be it known to you. that for some years past three and four (Dutch) ministers 
have satisfactorily labored In our large Dutch congregation, and, under the Ix)rd'8 
blessing, not without fruit, but that now, only two (Dutch) ministers are employed, 
and probably, owing to the decay of our Dutch language In this English colony, 
there never will be more: Therefore, a great many of our members, and others 
who originally belonged to us. have provided a sufficient support for a minister In 



OP THE State of New York. 3879 

1763 

the English tongue, (agreeably to the constitution of the Netherlandish Church 
established In the National Synod at Dort, 1618 1619) have urged us to proceed: 
Therefore the Consistoi-y felt themselves constrained on the 6th of June, 1763, to 
resolve to see if they could find in the Netherlands some one furnished with the 
requisite qualifications to satisfy the desire of so many in this pious object. 

And it has pleased the good God in his adorable providence to direct us to you, 
unknown to us in person, yet well-known, in all that which makes a minister of 
the Gospel acceptable to God and useful to men, by very excellent testimonies, 
given by persons whose judgment we are bound to respect. Therefore on the 
10th of July, we came to the resolution with great alacrity, to make a call upon 
you, in the hope and expectation that the Lord would incline your heart to accept 
the same and make your way prosperous to us, for the advantage of immortal souls 
among us, many of whom wander as sheep without a shepherd— that they may be 
gathered into the fellowship of God's people, and obtain part in the inheritance of 
the saints in light. A great longing for this appears, in that, although the testi- 
monies concerning you have been known only two days, the cry is heard— "O Man 
of God, come over and help us; be our pastor and leader to the fountain of living 
waters." 

What Is required of you is, in one word, (according to the measure of grace 
given you, or which the good God may give you), to fulfil the whole duty of a 
faithful minister of the Holy Gospel, In teaching and ruling, with your colleagues 
and ourselves now In the service of the congregation, or with those hereafter to be 
appointed. 

In particular: Your service in English Is limited to the New Church; to preach 
therein twice a M-eek, either both times on Sunday, or once on Sunday and once 
in the week, according to the pleasure of the Consistory; of these discourses, one 
must be on the Heidelberg Catechism, in course, as usual in our church; you are 
also to administer, in turn, the Lord's Supper, and hold the Preparatory Service 
before it; you are also to preach on the so-called Festivals Pass, (Easter), Pinkster, 
Ascension Day, Christmas, and on the Days of Prayer and Thanksgiving appointed 
by the public authorities, according to arrangements made from time to time; and 
also to catechize (the children) in the elements of the Reformed Religion. 

We promise to pay you, therefor, £.300. New York money, yearly, in quarterly 
sums; for the prompt payment of which we bind ourselves In qualitate qua, and 
under the condition that we shall provide that our successors come under the same 
obligation, according to the constant practice in our congregation in reference to 
the Dutch (ministers). This is a stronger bond than if we personally gave our 
obligations; since thereby, in time, the best portions of our congregation thus 
become bound; and to whom the subscribers have pledged themselves by their 
voluntary act. There is not, therefore, the least reason to fear a failure In this 
respect, so long as you are our minister. Besides, there are the fees of marriages, 
funerals, etc., be the same less or more. 

The costs of the call, shipping expenses, assurance of goods, of course come on 
the congregation. The salary will begin from the day of approval of this call, 
by the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. The conclusion follows. 

To the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 
Esteemed Brethren:— ^ 

The 9th Article of your meeting, held April 11, 1763, in reference to your view 
of our purpose to call a minister in the English tongue, to officiate in our congre- 
gation, on the same footing as the Dutch (ministers), is very acceptable to us. 
For we perceive you have obtained some good Insight Into our affairs; In that we 
have now for a long time been in condition to maintain our Just undertakings. If 
necessity should demand it against malevolent opposition. We hope, however, this 
will not be necessary. We do not doubt that you will, toward this result, con- 
tribute everything that may serve to maintain our cause, and that you intend 
nothing else than to help us preserve our privileges sacred and inviolate. 

We perceive from all the circumstances that the Rev. Archibald Laldlle is 
recommended to us as a very fit person to answer all our alms. We have made 
out a call upon him, not doubting your approbation; nor that, when ho comes as 
one sent by you, all farther opposition will cease and that he will come with the 
full blessing of the Gospel. 



1763 



•"^^■^^^ Ecclesiastical Rkcords 

Uorpwiih wp ronrlmlp. rommondlnsr your porKonii niul your woriliy ABRonibly to 
ilio proli'oilon of thp Mont IIIkI). Mny yon lonu rontlnup for thp good of this our 
ZIon. Ill ttilx rpmoip jmrt of the world. 
Wp «nhHrrll>o oiirKolvPN with pbIpcih, 

Your scrrnntii nnd nRxoolntpR, 

Thp CoiiBlHlory of the Dulrh ConRn'Riitlon In Now York. 

LnniberlUH Dc Ilonde, p. t, PrcHldent. 
Aft urn In onr ConRlstory 
In Now \ork. Jnly 20. 170:{. 

COKRESPONDENCE FltOM AmERIPA. 

The OppoiiPiits of Rov. Archibald Laidlio to the Clas.si.s (»f Amstei^ 
dam, July 22, 1763. An ab.stract in Vol. 33. pa^o n.'). Xo. 
333. An.s\ver, 134 (334 

New York, July 22nd. 176.'J. 
Rev. Fathers and Brethren! 

Rev. ClassU:— 

On the 20th of January of this year, we sent you a short account of our pre.sent 
ead condition of afifairs; but Inasmuch as we have not loarncd from your Rev. 
Body, whether or not you have received our communication, we fear that It has 
not reached you. Our opponents [the lawful Conslstorj'] continue In their course 
of affairs and proceedings. It has therefore been deemed necessary by some of us 
to forward to you these few lines, humbly beseeching your Rev. Body, to take our 
affairs into consideration. Our opponents may represent their case as Important, 
and ours as trivial as they please; but you may rest as.sured that what we pre- 
sented in our last letter to you, is true. It is even very probable that they have 
represented our number by the words— "A few who oppose". But be It known to 
you that the number of those who elgncd their petition does not exceed one hun- 
dred and ten church-members, counting men and women. But against theirs, a 
petition signed by two hundred and twenty-six members. Including men and 
women, has been handed in to the consistory beseeching and praying, that no 
change or Intermingling of languages be allowed in their house of worship. But 
since the majority of the Consistory sided with the other party, no attention was 
paid to their earnest petition. 

Apart from this: The Rules or Church Regulations were offered for their con- 
sideration upon this point. These ordain that wherever there are two languages, 
each shall have its own consistory, etc. But all this was disregarded by them; 
and they resolved by a majority vote, to force upon us a minister who should 
preach In the English language, and who should be recognized as In full fellow- 
ship with our other ministers. Against all this we, numbering one hundred and 
eleven members, protested; but all In vain. We have been Informed that our Con- 
sistory has extended a call to Rev. Archibald Leadly (Laidlle), who was recom- 
mended to them by Messrs. James Blanchard and Winuldus Budde. We have 
also been informed, although we doubt the truth of the information, that all this 
has been done with the unanimous approbation of the Classis. We suspect that 
the above mentioned gentlemen little know how we are situated. They may also 
rest assured that we will protect our church In Its doctrine and Its language, as 
far as lies In our power; and if the before mentioned Rev. Leadly should come 
over here, he may rest assured that all the evil consequences which will ensue, 
will be charged to his hands. 

Some sad consequences have already grown out of this business. A part of 
these we mentioned In our last letter to you. In case that letter has not reached 
you, we are prepared to send your Rev. Body a copy of It at the shortest notice. 
Among other (evil) consequences, there Is one which In our judgment Is unexampled 
In all Holland. We refer to that lamentable famlly-vlsltatlon which was made 
among us. In our last letter, we mentioned circumstantially how our last election 
was carried on, and we will, therefore, make no further reference to It now. 
But from that and other circumstances, it can be shown, that our last consistory 



OF THE State of New York. 3881 

1763 
was unlawfully elected. Because of this, some of our members presented them- 
selves at the Uonsistory-rooms with a few Articles or Propositions. These had in 
view, if it were possible, the restoration of peace; but, as heretofore, all was in 
vain. They would not even receive them or hear them read. Finding then, that 
nothing would move them to renounce their determination, these members handed 
in to the Consistory a Protest, previously prepared for this purpose. It was 
signed by one hundred and nine male members of our congregation. It repre- 
sented to them the illegality of their Acts, as also the rights and privileges 
granted to our Dutch Church by Charter and otherwise, after which, the Pro- 
test closed with these words:— "We therefore again protest in the name and 
behalf of ourselves and others, against all your proceedings which have reference 
to what has already been done, and to what may yet be done in that direction. 
We pray that the God of Peace may enable you by his Spirit to strive for the 
peace of God's house, that we may all dwell together in the tents of the Lord, 
unto length of days, etc." 

At the same time they were informed that if they were willing to allow matters 
to stand as they then stood, the Consistory would be acceptable to them. (?) But 
sad were the consequences of this proposition. For in their family-visitation, 
which was the first in two years, they went around among the members, and 
instead of inviting all who had signed the Protest (to the Lord's Supper), or 
admonishing them, if necessary, they were only asked if they recognized them as 
the legal Consistory? Those who replied In the Negative were told as follows: 
To some, that under the circumstances, they had no authority to invite them; 
others, they absolutely prohibited; to others, when they said that they had no ill 
feeling against the Consistory because the Consistory was in favor of an English 
preacher, while they themselves were in favor of a Hollander; and upon this con- 
cession requested to be invited to the Lord's Table, they were answered by Rev. 
De Konde, "Not this time", etc. Yet there are those who meddled a great deal 
more with this matter, (against an English preacher) than those referred to above, 
who nevertheless, were considered as worthy guests, and as such were invited. 

Did any one ever hear of such a mode of procedure? Oh! pitiable situation; 
Oh! oppressed congregation, we may well exclaim in view of this. Whose heart 
does not chafe when he hears of the humiliation offered to the Dutch in this city? 
and that too, by our brothers and kinsmen? Even Rev. Ritzema once avowed 
that, rather than allow an English minister to preach in our (Dutch) church, he 
would lay his head upon the block, and say, "Cut it off", etc. How shamefully 
has he broken this solemn promise of his loyalty! For what does sad experience 
teach? He not only now approves of this very thing, but he himself draws up 
and signs the call. It was resolved at the same time, that whoever thereafter 
should be chosen as church officers, should be compelled to subscribe to this con- 
tract in reference to the support of the afore mentioned English minister, before 
he could be installed into his office. Who ever heard of such an unscrupulous 
procedure? "And if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in 
the dry"? We may well ask, what has become of the rights and privileges, of 
the Dutch In this City? Oh! lamentable situation. 

We conclude with the kind wishes used by St. Paul: "Peace be to the brethren, 
and love, with faith from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ." "May the 
God of Peace Himself, give you peace at all times, and in every circumstance." 
This Is the wish of 

Your affectionate servants, 

Abel Hardenbrook, ex-Elder. 

Johannis Alstyne, ex-Deacon. 

Petrus Bogert, " 

Huibert Van Wagenen, ex-Church-master. 

Jacob Roome 

Everardus Brouwer 

Willem Pearss 

Jacobus Stoutenbergh 

Ahasuerus Furck 

Johannes Roorback 
Tennis Tiebout and Johannes Tiebout. 

Johannis Hardenbrook, 
Two members of the Ruling Consistory. 

102 



1763 



nSS2 EcCLEHiASTirAL Hecouos 

Acts of tub Synod of Noim ii IIom.am*, .Iily 'JT) Ar.;. 1. 1T<'>:1. 
V(.L. 01. 

Article 4. 
Krv. Jarnl) IJufso lIar(l<iil)org. 

lloroupon wn« nllowod to roine Into the ABWDiMy, Rev. Jacob U. narrleiiberg, 
V. D. M.. of OM Hnrltnn, In Now Jcthcj-. In the nnmc of the CoetiiH of New 
York, which hnd provided hU Uev. with proper rredentlalB, he niiide n certain 
request of thU High Uev. AHsenibly. This wbh urged more particularly In a letter 
from •nid Coetun. 

The InvontlRntlon of this matter, was, with the consent of their Iloiionililes, 
put Into the hands of a Conimlltee, consisting of Uevs. Van Hoyen, Van Assen, 
Van Kyken and IlauMieD, besides the Elders, In eesHlon, from Haarlem and Enk- 
hnysen. ThiB Committee was requested to serve this Assembly with Its advice. 

Article 38 ad 30. 

LUsnilssod, as ministers:— To Camp and Ilhlnebeck, In New York, Rev. Gerardns 
D&Dlel Kok (Cock), who had been Anally examined and ordained on Oct. 4, 1702. 

Article 47. 



The letters showed that the letters from Pennsylvania came In late this year. 
They showed that the Coctua of Pennsylvania met on June 30, 1762, at New 
Hanover, Kev. (Jonathan) Du Bois (of the Dutch Church) presiding. And Inasmuch 
as our letters written to Pennsylvania on April 6, 1701, and Feb. 4, 1702— copies 
of which, for safety's sake we had sent along with Rev. Alzenls when he returned 
thither lu July, 1702— after much wandering about had only arrived there after 
the Coetus had been held; a Committee was, therefore, called, by President Du 
Bols, at Germantown. This Committee sent us on Oct. 27, 1702, the Acts of their 
Coetus, and an answer to our letters of April 0, 1701, and Feb. 4, 1702. Accord- 
ing to the oral report of Rev. Stoy, the ship with which the Acts of the Coetus 
had previously been sent, had been taken by the Spaniards and shut up at 

Biiboa No complaints were brought against Rev. Du Bols of North and 

South Hampton Uev. Weiss had died 

Uev. Stapel had arrived In his church in Amwyl, (Amweil), N. J 

Rev. Rothenbuhler had been called from New York to Philadelphia. 

There was further sent us a report of the condition of the church at Amwyl, 
(Amweil), dated Nov. 6, 1762, signed by minister and elder. In this report It is 
mentioned that this new church covers as much as 30 English miles In circum- 
ference; that it has 00 families which gives Eomething each year for the support 
of the minister and the church. The greater number however, had gone over to 
the English Church, so that there were scarcely more than 10 members left 
together. The English had taken a great deal of trouble to make this church 
entirely English. But when Rev. Stapel came everything had changed for the 
better. The church has now already three German schoolmasters, and Rev. Stapel 
has since his arrival, baptized 84 children and administered the Lord's Supper to 
84 people. All this is confirmed by a letter, written from Amwyl, Oct. 29, 1762, 
by a Committee of elders, to the Deputies and the Classls of Amsterdam; and also 
by a private letter from Rev. Stapel, Nov. 28, 1702. Both the church and him- 
self request that his wife and two children, who remained behind at Meklenburg, 
be urged by us to come over to him. The church offers to pay the expenses of 
their transportation. In case she refuses, the request is made that Rev. Stapel 
be given liberty to make a second marriage. They also give reasons, which they 
confirmed by examples, to show why It Is not good for a minister in that country 



OF THE State op New York. 3883 

to remain unmarried; or, being married to live witliout hia legal wife. They will 
give Rev. Stapel 50 pounds sterling, English, annually, not to serve as a prece- 
dent, however, for his successors, inasmuch as it comes very hard to them. With 
Rev. Stapel and his ministry, however, they declare themselves very well satisfied. 

Concerning the matter of Rev. Stapel's wife, the Deputies and Commissioners 
of the Classis of Amsterdam wrote her a hearty letter on April 8, 1763, exhorting 
her to go with her children to her husband and their father, and offered to pay 
the expenses of their transportation from Amsterdam to Amwyl. Up to this time 
no answer has been received. The Rev. Stapel, of the church at Amwyl, has been 
written to, to the same effect, and that nothing further could be done by us in 
that matter. It was suggested, however, to Rev. Stapel, that he ought to send to 
Meklenburg a letter of attorney, properly certified to by the Coetus and his con- 
sistory; also, if need be, to obtain, if possible, from the government an order to 
compel his wife by process of law, either to follow him or to separate from him. 

Article 48. 
'New York and New Jersey. 

The Committee appointed to Investigate the matters of the church of New York, 
reported to the Rev. Church Assembly as follows: That they had read the docu- 
ments which the Rev. Johannes de Lange, Deputy Extraordinary on this matter 
from the Classis of Amsterdam, had put into their hands; and that, after having 
given account of their transactions in this committee, they have the honor to serve 
this Synod with the following advice: — 

I. In the matter touching the proposition of those who still call themselves 
the Coetus, 

1. They were informed, in the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, In accord- 
ance with a resolution adopted by the Classis, Oct. 4, 1762 Art. 5, of the outrage 
and scorn put upon the Classis and the Synod of North Holland by John Leydt, 
minister at New Brunswick in New York (New Jersey), in a pamphlet entitled— 
"True Liberty the Way to Peace," published at Philadelphia in 1760. Examined, 
as it was, according to Church Order, a few leading specimens had been read to 
them out of the many which the Rev. Classis lays before the Rev. Synod. They 
leave It entirely to the judgment of the Synod. 

2. There was also rend to them the advice of the Deputies on Foreign Affairs, 
of the Classis of Amsterdam, on the matter of Rev. Jacob Rutse Hardenberg, 
minister at Old Rarltan in New Netherland. Their advice In the main comes to 
this : that the said Rev. Hardenberg appeared before the Deputies on Foreign 
Affairs, as subsequently also he appeared in the Classis preceding the Synod, com- 
missioned by a letter from those ministers who are still calling themselves the 
Coetus, signed by Samuel Verbryck, president, and John Leydt, scribe, ministers 
respectively at Tappan and New Brunswick. By virtue of the commission men- 
tioned, he had proposed to them the question. Whether the Classis of Amsterdam 
might not agree to change the New York Coetus into a Classis, with power to 
examine candidates and ordain ministers in that country; and whether it might 
not advise the Conferentie Assembly to favor a change of the Coetus Into a 
Classis, pretending that this would be the best means to make an end of all the 
disruptions and divisions there, and to unite the ministers and consistories in that 
counti-y in one body. 

The Deputies, after seriously considering this proposition, came to the conclu- 
sion that the above mentioned request could In no wise be granted: because this 
case is already a Res Judimta; for the project, formed by certain ones In New 
York for changing the Co«tus Into a Classis, and also for establishing there an 
Academy, had been rejected both by the Classis of Amsterdam in two forcible 
letters, the one of Dec. 9, 1755, signed by Revs. W. Peififers, President and R. 
Schutte, Scribe; the other of April 5, 1756, signed by Revs. R. Schntte. President, 
and J. Boskoop, Scribe; and also by the Synod of North Holland, which strongly 
confirmed the decision of the Classis in 1756 and 1757; also because no change for 
the better has since occurred, which might move the Classis to change its mind; 



1763 



3884 Ecclesiastical Kixoiins 

1763 

on the contrnry. nintlcrii linvc bcconip very ninrli worno, nml tho illHrtipttnn «nU 
dlvUlon linTP rnthcr Inrron^od. nnd tho bittcrncNN Itctwi-pn tin* two imrtli-H has 
become Kn-ntcr. IiuhH-d tlio nintlpr linn gone ho fnr, tlint Kov. Liydt linn not 
beoltntod. In |n)lillr print, by liU pnniplili-t lioforf niontloncd. to tr<nt innnt tthnmo- 
fully nnd nioHt pnlnfnlly to Injun? the ClnHBJB of Anisti-nlnni nnd the Synod of 
North Holland. Ho iiIho innlntnlnB Ihon'In. In every wny. thnt thi- t'wtnH hnii 
the rlRht of ordlnntlon, nnd nIniH thereby to detroy nil Hiibordinatlon to tho 
C'IjionI*. and on the oilier hnnd, to Introduce a complete liidepi-ndeiK-e. To oppose 
this pnmphlet, tho Conferentle Aasembly hnn publish) d nn nnnwer. In which It not 
only takes Kround cnntrarj' to Leydt, but nlao iiHcrlbcf* the right of examination 
and onllnatlon for that (American) church to the CIhshIh of Amnterdam uhme. It 
alHO declares Itself perfectly HallHfled to remain anliordlnnte to the ClaHsis of 
Amsterdam, and requests In a liMter, that the ("lasHls would give a final dfylslon 
In this matter; otherwise they would be necossltuted to address themseh-es 
directly to the Synod. 

The Classls after mature deliberation on thnt matter, had come to a conclusion. 
She Instructed her Deputies to communicate tho same, by two letters, one to the 
Conferentle Assembly and one to those who call themselves the Coetus. The Depu- 
ties had followed up this Instruction, nnd In both letters set forth, In detail, that 
the Classls of Amsterdam alone has the right of promotion (examinutiou and ordi- 
nation) for the New York churches, and that those churches, as also the Coetus, 
are legally subordinate to It. 

This Is proved from the old "constitution" of that region, when It was yet sub- 
ject to the West India Company. Then, like all other colonies of that (Company, 
It was subordinate to the Classls of Amsterdam and received from It Its minis- 
ters:— Also from the status In which that region continued, after It had come 
under the power of Great Britain; for at that transfer of that region. Sept. 8, 
1064, the following was expressly stipulated and agreed: Art. 8: "The Dutch 
here shall retain and enjoy their liberty of conslence in Religion and Church Dlscl- 
plln." Art. 12: "All public documents, and proofs relating to private legacies, 
or to Church Government, to the Diaconate or Orphans' Court, shall be carefully 
preserved by those In whose keeping they are." On this same status this region 
continued, by virtue of tho definite Peace Treaty between the King of Great 
Britain and the States General In 1667, Art. 9.— Also from the Fundamental 
Articles upon which the Coetus was first allowed and organized. These expressly 
stipulated that it should remain subordinate to the Classls of Amsterdam: Also 
from the constant practice and acknowledgement even of those of New York, con- 
firmed by the action of the Synod In 17.56, 17.57, 1758. 

For all these reasons the Deputies decide (salvo mellori) that the Cla.ssls, not 
only must now abide by its former opinion, but al.so neither can nor may, at any 
time, depart from it; and that it ought to explain this to Rev. Ilardenberg; and 
also to add that, In case those of the Coetus wanted to go on in the way already 
taken, the Classls will find Itself necessitated to break off all correspondence with 
them and to leave them to themselves. Should they experience at any time the 
Injurious consequences of their separation, they would have themselves to blame, 
and would not be able to pretend that they had not been warned. This advice 
the Classls of Amsterdam had by a unanimous vote accepted and adopted. 

The committee on this business then read a letter, under date of June 8, 1763, 
written by Rev. John Ritzema, minister at New Y'ork, In the name also of his 
colleague, de Ronde, and of two other ministers, Van Sinderen and Rubel. The 
other members of the Conferentle Assembly had not been notified on account of 
the great distance of the localities and the shortness of the time. In this letter 
they make known that, on June 5th (176.3) they received the letters sent them by 
the Classls, and that on the 7th they read the same. They thank the Classls for 
the advice given in the matter under dispute. Their opinion Is that the Rev. 
Assembly took the matter In its vital spot, and thus opened up the way for the 
removal of all differences. They declare: "'We desire not a yoke of human servi- 
tude, but only the maintenance of that good order In accordance with divine and 
human laws, to which we have obliged and bound ourselves: and if it pleases the 
Rev. Classls, as a High Assembly, to which we are most nearly subordinated, to 
hold us in that relationship, it may be assured, not only of our unswening adher- 



OF THE State of New York. 3885 

1763 

ance, but also of the beneficial results which will flow forth therefrom for the 
churches In these regions. " They concludo with congratulations." 

Further: The Committee examined the letter brought by Rev. Hardenberg, and 
by him presented to this High Church Assembly. The letter contains a proposi- 
tion that the Rev. Coetus, either under the name of Coetus, or under the name of 
Classis, corresponding and advising with the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, be ecclesi- 
astically subordinated to the Rev. Synod of North Holland in the following man- 
ner: that the Coetus shall have the right of Appeal and other privileges, just as 
other bodies of the Rev. Synod, so far as the circumstances of our great remote- 
ness, and the condition of our belonging to another Civil Power, will allow; or 
possibly until the time when the Lord may have so extended this newly planted 
vineyard of His In those regions that a Synodical Assembly will necessarily have 
to be organized. 

From that letter the committee it can most clearly see the aim, which has 
long been feared, and which the members of the so-called Coetus nurture in their 
bosoms: namely, that of withdrawing themselves gradually from time to time, 
from the subordinate relation in which they stand, both to this Synod, in general 
and to the Classis of Amsterdam in particular, and of becoming wholly independent 
In the end. The committee cannot see that the reasons given in the letter for a 
Classis deserve any consideration whatever. At this point Rev. Jacob Rutse Har- 
denberg came in, and was asked certain questions about different things; but he 
was not able to persuade the Committee to consent to his request. They are, 
salvo meliori, therefore, of opinion:— 

That the resolution of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam ought to be accepted and 
adopted by the Synod, and Rev. de Lange thanked for his drawing it up. 

That Rev. (Jacob) Rutse Hardenberg ought to be given to understand how 
indignant this High Church Assembly is, about the outrage and reproach which 
Rev. Leydt has put upon this Synod, as also upon the Classis of Amsterdam, in 
more ways than one, in his pamphlet, published by him, and that, after previous 
examination, according to Church Order. 

That the request made by Rev. (Jacob) Rutse Hardenberg must be refused. 

The Synod, after mature deliberation on this weighty and far-reaching business, 
and upon explanations made by their Hon. Mightinesses, agreed to accept, with 
thanks for their trouble and careful attention, the advice of the committee on this 
matter, and to adopt the same. The President was requested, in the name of this 
High Church Assembly, to make known to the commissioner here present, of the 
so-called Coetus, this, its action, in emphatic terms, and to give him to understand- 
That the request, made by letter by those of the Coetus belonging to this Synod, 
has largely proceeded from ignorance of the real constitution of Ecclesiastical 
Assemblies, both Classical and Synodical, in this country; that the-se are insepar- 
ably connected with the government of this county. That the Coetus of New 
York, therefore, belonging, as it does, to another (Civil) Government, can never, 
no never, as a whole or in part, be a (constituent) member of this Synod. That 
this Synod feels extremely indignant over the outrage and reproach put upon it, as 
also upon the Classis of Amsterdam, by John Loydt, in more respects than one in 
the pamphlet published by him, after previous examination according to Church 
Order; that those who call themselves that Coetus have thus made themselves 
guilty of detestable ingratitude toward their Benefactor, who has labored so long 
for their well-being, and taken so much trouble for the welfare of the churches of 
New York; and that by acting thus, and persevering therein, they are giving just 
cause to the Classis of Amsterdam and to the Synod of North Holland to withdraw 
themselves entirely from them, and to break off all correspondence with them. 
Nevertheless, they are still earnestly exhorted to consider well what injurious and 
ruinous consequences must follow therefrom, to the loss, the confusion, the dis- 
ruption and the destruction of that church. For this they will have themselves 
to blame. And if they should cut themselves wholly loose from the Netherland 
churches, they may regret it when It Is too late; while now once again the Synod 
declares that, if they will keep themselves properly subordinate to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, and through it to this High Church Assembly, it, as well as the 
Classis of Amsterdam, will. In spite of all that has occurred, remain disposed to 
employ all endeavors that can be conducive to the welfare of the New York 
Churches. To that end, It exhorts them once again to lay aside all hatred and 
enmity, and in love to unite themselves all In one body. 



.tssc, ICrrijcsiASTKWi, Ki:(f»uns 

1763 

AM Of thifi wn« li.r the proHldont mmlp kiiowti to Ilov. Tlnrdonbonr !n i-mphntlo 
t<rin». Tlicro wan irlron him n copy of thlH Action; ninillnr copica aro to be ient 
to tlio Bo-rnllcd Coetnii nn«l thfl ("oiiforonllo Asucfntily. 

II. Fnrflicrnioro, the comniHtoc liiul conxldornl nlno tlio lotlcr dcMvorcd to tliU 
8yno<l, In the iinmn of the ("IiihhIh of Amntcnlnm, written by IWv. John Itltzcmn 
to the Synod of North Holland on Nov. H, 17r»ft. It wnB sent to some one— It not 
belnij known to whom— then rotnnied to him; nnd It Is now sent bnck by him, with 
a postscript nnder dnte of Nov. 21, 17rt2. 

Tlie committee hns noticed from this letter thnt It relntes to an nccnsntlon, 
tironfcht by Hev. T/cydt n^nlnst Hev. Ultzem:i. This wns done first, orally, nnd 
afterward In ptiMIc print. In a second pamphlet. juiMlslied by the same Leydt, 
nnder the title, Pefense of "Tnie Liberty the Way to I'enc-e," nt IMilladelpbla, 
ITCi'J. If was Intimated that Rev. Ultzrnui did not act In ){oo<l faith, because ho 
now denies utterly the rlifht of examination and ordination thnmsh the f'oettn, 
whereas he had himself previously rcfpiested that the richt of promotion mlRht be 
grlven to him and a few others, first by the Classls, then by the Coettis, and finally 
by the Synod of North Holland. This appears from the Synodlcal Acts of the 
year I".''.?. In these, two letters stand recorded; one from the Consistory nt 
Saupertles, requesting that a few of the ministers who had been sent over there 
from Holland, might be authorized to examine and ordnin n certain Van der Swan 
whom that consistory was said to have called ; the other from Rev. Ritzema, urg- 
ing this request. And yet that Consistory has now declared that It never made 
such a call and does not even know such a man; and Rev. RItzema also does not 
seem to know anything of such a call, or of his making such a request. About 
this. Rev. Leydt says In that pamphlet; "However, there Is no reason to sur>pose 
that this Is a thing gotten up In Holland. At any rate, whatever Its lurking 
place, there that matter still lies. They are bound to clear It up, or else they 
must own up." Rev. RItzema declares In his letter to the Synod, that he never 
wrote a letter containing such a request, and asks to be cleared of the imputa- 
tion. He does acknowledge to have written a letter to the Classis of Amsterdam— 
a copy of which, with the answer of the Classis to it, he herewith sends— request- 
ing that he might be allowed to promote the said Van der Swan as a candidate, 
and nothing more; and declares that. If a letter has been written in his name to 
the Synod, It must have been forged— written by another, never by himself. 

At the request of the Classis of Amsterdam, Deputy Van Eyken had searched 
for those letters In the Synodlcal chest, had found them and sent them to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. With these letters now again In Its h.inds, the committee 
found that such a call from the Consistory of Saugerttes, or at any rate In Its 
name, had come before the Synod In 1757; and so It must conclude that that call 
Is a forgery, or that that consistory's denial of having written It Is contrary to 
the truth. 

A letter was also found bearing the name of Rev. RItzema, containing such a 
request as Is above mentioned. But by comparing that letter with other letters 
of Rev. RItzema In his own hand-writing, It can be clearly seen that It was not 
written by him. The contents also of this letter differ greatly from what Rev. 
RitJ'ema had in his letter written to the Classis about that person. Moreover, 
from the style, from the spelling, so different to that of Rev. RItzema, and from 
the many grammatical errors, one can very clearly discover that that letter could 
not have been written by a linguist like Rev. RItzema. It therefore looks to the 
committee, as it does to the Classis, that that letter was falsely written In Rev. 
Ritzema's name, and the committee is, salvo meliorl, of opinion that Rev. RItzema 
ought to be cleared In this matter and receive every possible satisfaction. With 
the (Jlassls, they are also of opinion that his Rev. should be informed of this find- 
ing; and that, at the expense of the Synod, notarial copies ought to be made of 
those two letters, and the originals sent to his Rev., In order that he may use 
them as he pleases In ferreting out this fraud over there in a proper way. 

See Acts of Classis of Amsterdam, xlv. 10. 



r 



OF THE State of New York. 3887 

1763 

Reverexd Dr. Samuel Johnson to Archbishop Secker. 

Stratford, August 10, 1763. 
May It please Your Grace, 

Mr. Beache's Book came to me in the weight of my trouble, otherwise (having 
his Leave) I should have expunged and altered several things. 1 hope It may 
answer some good ends.— He seems to have now fewer complaints than he has had 
these 20 years. The Author of that ugly piece Is not yet known, tho' he is doubt- 
less in this Country. Indeed all deny it and seem ashamed of it, but I believe 
most of them had some hand in it. It could not be Mayhew for he is censured 
In it. But he has done a worse thing: my Answer to which, if Your Grace should 
think tit to order It to be published, or anything else relating to it, perhaps it 
might be well Dr. Barclay's defence against Smith should be published with it. 
I question whether any Reply will be made to Mr. Beach. Mr. Apthorpe, (to whom 
I sent a Copy of Mr. Beache's answer, to transmit to Your Grace) is Indeed a 
very worthy and accomplished young Gentleman, and I hope will be a good 
writer In the cause of Religion, but he does not seem yet enough used to writing, 
and is so averse to controversy, that it may be doubted whether he is very suit- 
able to engage with such Antagonists as these. He utterly declines any Reply to 
Mayhew, but would be glad to have mine printed. I have just heard Mr. Brown 
of Portsmouth has published a Reply, whom with Aplin, I see in a Newspaper, he 
treats with the most haughty contempt. Most Dissenters, I believe, do by no 
means approve of him. 

Now must be the time if ever, to be in earnest for Bishops, and I trust all that 
is possible will be done to gain that point. The Dissenters also, and our News- 
papers, are full of the talk: and indeed they know the thing is so reasonable, that 
we should and ought to be compleat in our kind, as well as they in theirs, that 
many seem to expect nothing else: and I believe if it was once done, they would 
genei-ally, soon be easy enough. And I earnestly wish your Grace pray God to 
bless your endeavors.— They have one story here among them which may possibly 
have some truth in it. It is said Dr. Chandler was asked by somebody from the 
Ministry, Whether, if a Bishop were established at Quebec, without any jurisdic- 
tion that should relate to the Dissenters, they would have any objection to it? 
and that he answered, none at all.— And indeed I cannot conceive why they should. 
Now we should be very glad of such an one rather than none who might visit us 
once in 4 or 5 years. And I suppose there is already provision made for one 
there, now come into our hands; and if he had some good Missionaries with him 
from the Government, he might do much good in converting both papists and 
[ndians. 

As to myself, I am very happy here as I am, only as I have never, for almost 
60 years been without some public charge or other, it seems somewhat strange 
now to be without one. However I hope I may live here to some good purpose, 
by directing Candidates and others to their studies, and preaching frequently for 
Mr. Winslow, and so enable him often to preach at destitute places.— I hope alec, 
though at this distance to be of some use to the College.— I am much obliged to 
Mr. Cooper for the kind Report he made of me to Your Grace, so long as provi- 
dence permitted us to be together, (5 or 6 months) he was with me as a son with 
a father, and has since, in a vacation, spent a week with me here, besides many 
letters passing between us: on all which occasions, I have suggested everything 
I could think of that might be of use, which he has readily received with the best 
good will: and I have the great pleasure to inform Your Grace from Dr. Barclay 
and Mr. Auchmuty, that his conduct since I left them has been prudent faithful 
and diligent, and very acceptable both to the Governors people and Scholars: and 
they have now at last established a good Grammar School, for want of which 
the College has much suffered; and the Governours are more In earnest than they 
have ever been since Mr. Nicoll's Death.— So that I hope the College will not 
suffer by my leaving It, but rather flourish better than ever it has done, and that 
he will be a great blessing to it.— I own I much doubted, being so young, how his 



1763 



nS88 Ecclesiastical RicroRns 

putlonco would hold out. In the Srrvico «if Opntlomon, mont of whom cnrp for 
imio cl(M» but thoir Oiiln nnd plonwurp. niid nn? utter ■tratiKcra to IcnrnlnK nnd 
ColIp|rc«: hnt I hopp he will never meet with nuch novcre triali of pntlcncc na I 
haro hnd. 

SInro I hnvp boon horo. I hnro found pvprytlilnjf the rovornc of whnt tlint wirkod 
pamphlrt donrrUxMi. l>oth In Mlnloterw nnd pooplo. At the regnont of tho Clc-ncy, 
I Bttcnded nnd prf<nrhe<l to them, nnd n Inrjro ronooump of peoplo, nt thoIr Con- 
vention In Jtine. nvorj-llilnR wnii truly nmlnhle nnd plen«ln(f, nnd I mimt report 
them a worthy Ret of fnlthfiil nnd conRolenlloim f'Irrjryni'n. (nnd neveriil worthy 
Lny-fJentlenien from vnrlons dl«tnnt pnrts were nmnng ti«.) tho' mnrh lenmlng 
cnnnot bo expeoie*! In their low nnd lnborlon<i rlrenmHtnnccn. I dlHconroed with 
them freely on ninny pnjntR, nnd nmong otherH on the very Biibjeot Your Ornce 
mention! In the eloRc of your Letter, the n»'repslfy of nnlnR exnelneKn nnd much 
C«re nnd Cnntlon In writing their Letters, which I phnll further Inrulrnte.— On 
thiB oornRlon, My Lord, Rive me lenve to obsen-e to yon, thnt neither hnve the 
abstmcts, heretofore, been always made with snfnclent rnre nnd caution: things 
of no tiRe hnve been Inserted, nnd even flgures hnve Hometlmos been mJBtnken or 
mUprlnted. But I will not enlarge, only, thnt. humbly begging Your Grace's 
prayers nnd blessing. I remain, with the grcntest regard, 
My Lord. 

Y'our Grace's most obllge<l nnd most dutiful nnd 
most obedient humble Servant, 

(Signed) Samuel Johnson. 

—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vll. pp. 536-538. 



Acts of the Classis of AMSTERDA>r. 
About Xew Yokk. 
1763, Sept. 5th. Art. 6 ad Arts. 5, 6 & 7 of the Eegiilar 
Meeting of July 18, 17G3. Rev. de Lange and the other dele- 
gates ad S^^lodllm, held at Edam, reported the resolution of that 
Synod as to the request of the Coetus of ISTew York. They also 
presented other matters as well as the above mentioned resolu- 
tion. This resolution is to be found in the S^modical Acta of 
this year, (17G3). The Deputies were heartily thanked for their 



report, xiii. 373. 



Letters. 



1763, Sept. 5th. Art. 7. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras 
read a letter from the Consistory at Colombo, of January 28, 
1763 ; one from the Cape of Good Hope, of February 18th ; one 
from Paramaribo, of February 9 th ; and one from ISTew York, of 
June 8th this same year, in which is reported the state of these 
churches, xiii, 373. 



OF THE State op New York. 3889 

1763 

Call, of Rev. A. Leadly (Laidlie) to 'Nte.w York. 
1763, Sept. 5th. Art. 8 ad Art. 9 of the Regular Meeting of 
April 11, 1763. The Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras hand in an in- 
strument of a call by the Consistory of ISTew York, dated July 21, 
1763, made out upon Rev. Archibald Leadly (Laidlie), minister 
of the English church at Flushing, (Zeeland) to exercise the func- 
tions of the sacred office in the English language at ISTew York. 
Against this call, in a letter of July 22, 1763, written to the 
Deputies, two members of the consistory and many members of 
the church protest. It was resolved that knowledge of this pro- 
test shall be given to the party called, by the English ministers of 
this city (Amsterdam). This Assembly, however, will approve 
this call, if he (Mr. Laidlie) himself accepts it and appears in thi^ 
Assembly, notwithstanding this protest. A friendly letter shall 
be written by the Deputies ad res Exteras to these protesting 
parties, to seek to induce them to waive their protest, and to 
present to them the reasons why the Classis judges it to be expedi- 
ent to appoint a minister for that church to preach in the English 
language, xiii. 373. 

Archbishop Secker to Reverend Dr. Samuel JoHNSOisr. 

Lambeth, Sept. 28. 1763. 

Good Dr. Johnson: 

I heartily thank you for your letter of August 10 particularly for the Concern 
which you express about my health. It is frequently disordered ; but I can for the 
most part pay some attention to Business. When I fail, as I am now within a few 
days of seventy, an abler person in all respects, I hope will succeed me. Mr. 
Beaches book is not come to my hands: I wish it had received your corrections. 
I am as desirous that your answer to Dr. Mayhew should be published, as I can 
be without having seen it: because I dare say it is written with the temper, which 
I told you I wished 3Ir. Beach might preserve. But indeed I fear the world will 
think we have settled too many Missions in New England and New York: and 
therefore It may be best, not absolutely to justifie, but to excuse ourselves in that 
respect, as prevailed on by Intreaties hard to be resisted, as having rejected many 
applications and resolved to be hereafter more sparing in the admission of them; 
instead of making it our business to episcopize New England, as Dr. Mayhew 
expresses himself. Our adversaries may be asked, whether they have not made 
as great mistakes in some points as we in this: and whether bitter Invectives 
against Them would not be unchristian. There was a company incorporated by 
Car. Q. in 1661 for propagating the Gospel amongst the Heathen Natives of New 
England and the adjacent parts: which still subsists, and the affairs of It are man- 
aged by the Dissenters. Queen Anne in 1709 incorporated the Society for propa- 
gating Christian knowledge; and empowered them to propagate it not only there, 
but in popish and Infidel parts of the world. Accordingly they had correspondents 
and Missionaries in New England above 30 years ago; and in Long Island, Pennsyl- 



."iSlMI lOcCLKSIASTICAI. KlCCORDS 

Tnnin, North ('nroltnn and (JporKla above 20 ycnr» njco: and prohnbly ihoy linve 
•till. It mnj- b<> UBcfiil to ciKjiiliv, wln'thor tht'sc two Rorlftb*!! hnv<« obnerved 
tholr Chnrtrt^ boiKT than ovim hnth. If not, thoir frlorxlH HhouM think niul spcnk 
tnlldl.T of UH. Tlio now projootod So<l<>l.v nf HoKton In nbout i«lnkliiK lisclf Into th<! 
latter of thoae. ns I nni Infomiod. I know nothing of Dr. HMrtiiiy'H defi-tico 
afCnlnat .smith, nor of Ajilln. roaalbly this Inat word wuh a allp of your pen, for 
Apthorpc 

What will bo dono about lllRhopR. I cannot Kucna. Appllmtlon for th«?ni was 
made to Lord I'Kr<^niont, who promised to consult with the other mlnlHlcrB, but 
dlo<l without mnklng nny Report from them. JIls Surceasor, Lord IlnlirHX, Ih a 
friend to the arheme; but I do\ibt, whether In the present weak stiite of the niln- 
latry he will dure to meddle with what will ccrinlnly hiIkc opposition. I believe 
very little Is done or dolnp yet towards the settlement of America: and I know not, 
what Disposition will be made of the Latids belnnfiinK to the I'oplsh ('lerKy In ilie 
conquered provinces I am very pind to hear, that the money Is paid to Mr. 
Charlton. 1 have heard nothing of any Deslpn of a Doctor's Degree for Mr. Chandler, 
but from You. If any person here Is enpaged In It, I should know, that we may 
act In Concert. Rut I think we should have n more formal recommendation of him 
from you and Dr. Barclay, and any other principal persons, Clerpy or Laity, that 
we may apply to the University with a better countenance. Your account of Mr. 
Cooper glvefl me great pleasure. In a late letter to me, he expresses good hopes 
about the College: but complains of some disappointment In regard to his Income, 
which I do not distinctly understand. I have written to him, to recommend 
patience: and to Dr. Rnrclay, to desire that the Governours will be at kind to 

him, as with propriety they can 

Y'our loving brother, 

(Signed) Tho. Cant. 

—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vll. pp. .''.00-507. 

Review of Theih History. 
Case of the Lutheran Church in the City of 'New York. (17G3) 

Many Protestants of this Perswasion emigrated from Europe Into this Colony at 
its first Settlement by the Dutch. When the Country was Surrendered to the Crown 
of England in 1004, the Articles of Capitulation secured to the Inhabitants their 
Religious Privlledges. as well ,ns their Possessions ; and soon after the Surrender, 
Colonel Nicholls, Lieutenant Governor under the then Duke of York, by an Act 
under his Hand and Seal, licenced the Lutherans to send to Europe for a Pastor 
of their own Perswasion. 

In IOCS Mr. Fabricius being then come over as the Pastor, Lovelace, Nlcholl's 
Successor, by a like Act Confirmed that of Xicolls ; and gave free liberty to the 
Congregacon to exercise Divine Worship according to their Profession. 

The Dutch in 1073 having reduced the Country, the Lutherans had then a church 
within the Fortifications of the City, obtained Leave from Colve the Dutch Governor 
to Erect a Church on the Ground where the present Church stands ; the Ground 
being given in exchange for that whereon their first Church was Erected. 

By their own Growth and Foreign Accessions they at this Day form a considerable 
Congregacon chiefly consisting of industrious Mechanics & Labourers. And within 
a few years particularly their Number is much augmented ; and it is no more than 
Justice to this People to say, that they have always demeaned themselves quietly 
and irreproachably ; and that their Church is of Publlck Utility, as it aflfords the 
Means of Worship to multitudes of Foreigners, who are constantly settling among 
us, and who understanding only the German Language, would otherwise be deprived 
of that Benefit. 

In 1759 the Congregation presented a Petition to be Incorporated, which being 
referred to a Committee of the Council, was favourably Reported. But for some 
reasons the then Lieutenant Governour did not chuse to seal the Charter, till his 
Majesty's Pleasure should be known. For this purpose their Petition with several 



OF THE State of New York. 3891 

1763 
from the Dissenting Congregations for the like Prlviledge, were sent to the Ministry ; 
and it was not till lately Lieutenant Governor Colden received Instructions not to 
grant these Charters, as his Majesty saw no reason which rendered it necessary. 

Whatever may have been the case with other Congregations, it is submitted to 
his Excellency, whether from the peculiar Circumstances of the Lutherans they do 
not stand in great need of the indulgence they ask, upon these Accounts. 

1st. Many years since a Member of their Church gave them two houses and Lots 
in this City, which tho' of no great value, are the chief Support of the Minister. 
The Deed is so inartificially drawn that had not that Statute of Mortmain which 
annuls all Gifts and Grants in favour of Churches, been in the way, it would not 
nevertheless have Vested the Fee In the Congregation ; for It Conveys the Estate to 
the Elders and Deacons by name, and their Successors; and they for want of 
Incorporation, have no legal succession, and cannot inherit. 

2nd. Some years since the Congregation sent two of their Members Into Germany 
to Solllcit Contributions for their use among their Friends and Countrymen. This 
was attended with considerable Success. But the Persons Intrusted, finding they 
could not be called to an Account by reason of the Church's not being Incorporated, 
Embezzled the Money, never accounting for any part of it. 

If these Reasons were Represented they might probably have a good Effect, 
especially as his Excellency can receive good Testimonials of the People, their 
Poverty, and the Publick Utility of their Church, which could illy be maintained if 
at all, should they loose their Houses ; and this must be the case whenever a legal 
Enquiry is made into their Title. And indeed it has been already Threatened. 

The method to secure them a good Title must be by prosecuting an office thro' the 
Escheator, as the granter is Dead without Heirs ; Incorporating the Church, and 
then obtaining a grant from the Crown. 

One of the Royal Instructions, which requires that no forfeiture or Escheat shall 
be granted but thro' the Treasury and board of Trade, is no small Embarrassment to 
such a process, and must often tie up a governor's Hands from doing acts of Justice 
& Charity ; as considering the Important Business of these Boards, it is scarcely 
possible to attract their Attention to such trivial objects. Two cases have happened 
in the late Lieutenant Governor De Lancy's Administration. One of Patrick Smith 
the other of Johannis Maltz, who died without heirs. Offices were prosecuted at a 
considerable Expence to those were conceived by the Government to have the best 
Title to the Royal Favour, and upon a promise of a Grant to them. But this 
Instruction being in the way, the Lieutenant Governor represented their Case to the 
Treasury and Board of Trade, and asked Leave to make the Grant, and notwith- 
standing to this Day, no Notice has been taken of the Petitions or his SoUlcltatlons. 

This being the State of their Case the Lutheran Congregation most humbly beg 
his Excellency's Interposition in their Favour. 

(Endorsed) Case of the Lutheran Church 

humbly presented 
to his Excellency Sir Henry Moore, Bart. 

—Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. ill, pp. 298, 299. 



First Presbyterian" Church at Albany, 1763. 

In October 1763 the corporation of Albany gave a deed to certain trustees, for 
ground for a Presbyterian Church. This plot was bounded by Beaver, William, 
Hudson and Grand streets. A church building was erected on this lot, of frame, 
and with a tall steeple. It was occupied until 1796. Between 1763 and 1776 the 
church had only two pastors, viz., 

Rev. William Hanna, 1763-65. 

Rev. Andrew Bay, 17. .-. . 5 years. 

Rev. John Mc. Donald, 1785-9.5. 

Rev. David S. Bogart, supplied, 1795-97. 

Rev. Eliphalet Nott, 1798-1804. 

A new edifice was completed in 1796, and was the most beautiful church at that 
time in the city. 

— Munsell's Annals, 1. 130, 132, 337. 



■'5M'- Ecclesiastical Rlxords 

17G3 

Acts OK Tin: 1)ki'i:tii:.s. Oct. MTO.'}. 

Extract from a letter of the ojiponenta of llcv. A. J.ai<llio to the 
Cla,ssis of Ainsterdam, date J July 22, 170.*}. Vol. '.',:], ]y,\^e G5. 
No. 333. Answer, 134. 

Opponents of Rev. Laldlic to the Classis of Amsterdam, July 22, 

1763. 
A letter from Xcw York, dated, July 22, 1703, signed by 
Teunis S. Tiebout and Johannes S. Ilardenbroek, members of the 
ruling consistory and Abel Ilardenbroek, ex-elder, Johannes A. 
L. Styne, ex-deacon, Petrus Bogert, ex-deacon, Iluybert Wagenen, 
ex-churchmaster, and seven other members of the church. 

1. They complain concerning what the consistory of New York 
did, in opposition to their wishes and the wishes of other members 
of the church in calling a minister there to preach in the English 
language ; and in their pressing on, in that matter, notwithstanding 
their own protest, and that of other members, in calling Rev. 
Archbald Laidlie to that place. 

2. They declare their intention to protect their church in its 
doctrine and language, so far as God may give them strength; 
inasmuch as they believe that the rights of the Dutch Church are 
jeopardized by tKe calling of an English speaking minister. 

3. They say that, in the Family Visitations, and in the invita- 
tions to the use of the Lord's Supper, several irregularities have 
been practiced; and they complain, in particular, about Rev. 
Ritzema. He formerly very strongly opposed the calling of a 
minister to preach in the English language ; but now, he not only 
consents thereto, but is even one of the signers of the call. 

They conclude with congratulations. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters. 

1763, Oct. 3rd. Art. 4 ad 7. The Rev. Deputati ad res 

Exteras read letters to the so-called Coetus of New York ; to the 

Conf erentie-meeting ; to Rev. John Ritzema; to those members 



OP THE State of New York. 3893 

(of the church of ISTew York) who had sent a written protest 
against the call of Rev. Laidlie. These were all approved for 
forwarding, xiii. 375. 

Approval (of the Call) of Rev. Laidlie. 

Art. 5 ad 8. A letter came in from Rev. Archibald Laidlie, 
minister of the English church at Flushing, (Zeeland), who had 
been called as minister to the church of JSTew York, to preach in 
the English language. Therein he declares that he has accepted 
this call in the fear of the Lord. The Classis of Amsterdam fol- 
lowed up this call with their approval, and authorized the Rev. 
Depp, ad res Exteras and the English ministers to install him in 
the Sacred Office at the earliest opportunity in a Classis contrada, 
because Classis does not meet again before the ISTew York. He 
may then start thither as speedily as possible. Two copies of this 
minute which have been asked for, are given, xiii. 375. [See 
Dee. 5, 1763.] 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coettjs, Oct. 3, 1763. Vol. 
31, Page 201. Xo. 131. 

To the Rev. Gentlemen, Ministers in New York, who call themselves the Coetus. 
Rev. Sirs and Respected Brethren : — 

We hope that you understood from our letter of Jan. 11, (1763) that we, having 
read that book of Rev. Leydt, styled " True Liberty the Way to Peace " and which, 
although approved by your (portion of) the Church, had refuted the same with 
sufficiently strong arguments. Nevertheless, subsequently, Rev. Jacob R. Harden- 
berg, pastor at Old Raritan, appeared in our Assembly with a document from the 
Coetus, signed by Samuel Verbryck, President, and John Leydt, Scribe, and dated 
April 6, 1763. This was a formal request to the Classis of Amsterdam to change 
the New York Coetus into a Classis, and to urge upon the Christian Synod to 
approve said Act, in order that it (the American Classis) might become endowed 
with the power and authority of the other Classes of the Netherlands, together 
with the right to appeal to the Synod of North Holland. They request also that the 
Classis of Amsterdam would present this whole matter before the Conferentie, 
advising them to agree to the change of the Coetus into a Classis, as being the only 
means by which the divided ministers and consistories could be reunited. They 
desire also that If the Classis approve their request, a Professor of Theology be sent 
over to them, in order that their young men might be there Instructed In theology 
and so be prepared for the ministry. 

The Classis having carefully considered the matter finally concluded that she had 
no authority to grant such request, and neither were there sufficient reasons for it. 

1. Because this is already a res judicata. The plan of changing the Coetus into 
a Classis has been already rejected, as may be seen in the two letters of Dec. 9, 
1755 and April 5, 1756, as well as by the Synod of North Holland both in 1756 
and 1757. 

2. Because, since that time, there has been no change of such a nature, as would 
constitute a sufficient reason why the Classis should grant it. But on the contrary. 



1763 



""^i't Ecclesiastical Ki:roRi»s 

1763 

affairs haro bocome wornc, the <1lTtiitonfl Krcntor. and b!ttrrnc«ii and niiilncltjr have 
lncron«p<l. ThInpR have oTpn Ronc fo Riirh an pxtronilly tlint Hcv. Loyrtt haa 
piiMtshod a bonk. In whirh he In varlotiH wnys nbiiHOB the ClnniilR : ntul cvnn the 
Chrlpflnn Synod of North Mo'lnnd Ih fronted with ronteinpt, nn rnn Ik* so.-ii on pa(;ea 
25-30. IT. Ptc. Up ninlntnlns tliaf the CoptviB hns the rlglit of promotion, thus 
trying to dpstroy subordination to the (InsslH of AmBtPrdnm. 

3. IlprniiRC the ClnP8l8, loving Inilh nnd rlghfPoiiHnPPs. Ir itnnblo to plvp the power 
of promotion to the brpthrcn who call tlioinnplvps the CopUih ; and CHppclally so, 
bpcaiisc the Conforentio rcinnln siibordlnate to the CInPHia nnd the Synod. The 
ClaaslB In a letter of .Tan. 11. 170.3, clearly showed liow fthe was limited b.v the 
(Kngllsht govprniripnt of yonr country. Your country hiul fortiierly bpon In poBsea- 
Blon of the West India ('onij>nny. This stnle of nlTnlrfl continued until It came 
under the rule of Grent Britain on Sept. 8, 1004. In addition to this fact we have 
It (the reference to freedom of rellRlon for the r>utch) stated In the treaty of pence 
between Great Britain and their High Mightinesses, the States General, 1607, 
Article 3. 

In addition to these proofs we refer to the ba-sls on which the Coetus waa 
established, nnd which was accepted by the churches of New Netherlnnd. and 
approved by the Synod. For all these reasons, which make the book of Rev. Leydt 
powerless, the Classis holds herself to her decision. She moreover decinrea that 
If the CoetuB continues in the course begun, the Classis will be compelled to break 
off all correspondence. Indeed, such a resolution was brought before the Synod of 
North Flolland, held at Edam, this year, (1703). To this Assembly, Rev. Ilarden- 
bergh also presented a letter, containing a proposition, whether the Rev. Coetus, 
under the name of a Coetus or Classis, might not have the privilege of appealing 
on special occasions to the High Rev. Synod, as far as such an act ralKht be 
permiss.ible, since the Coetus is subordinate to another government (Grent Britain), 
until it might please God in extending his vineyard, to reveal the necessity of even 
a Synod In our land, (America.) 

The High Rev. Assembly, after consideration of the matter, at the bands of a 
Committee, resolved 

(1) That the resolution of the Classis should be approved and changed Into a 
Synodical decree. 

(2) That the Rev. Assembly is filled with indignation at the book of Rev. Leydt, 
which was also published with the approbation of the Church — (that portion of it 
which adhered to the Coetus.) 

(3) That the request of Rev. ITardenbergh is rejected — the letter which speaks of 
the change of the Coetus into a Classis, being hardly worthy of being read. 

The Christian Synod, after careful deliberation of the matter, delivered her 
resolution In express terms unto the Committee, by the mouth of her President, at 
follows : — 

"That* the request of the Coetus has largely arisen from Ignornnce of the true 
constitution of Church Assemblies, both Classical and Synodical, in this country; 
that these are inseparably connected with the government of the country ; and that 
therefore the Coetus of New York, belonging under another (civil) sovereignty, can 
never, either wholly or in part, constitute an inherent part of this Synod. Moreover 
this Synod is affected with very great Indignation at the insults and indignities put 
upon it, as well as upon the Classis of Amsterdam, by Rev. .Tohn Leydt in his book, 
which was also published by him upon Church authority after previous visitation ;t 
that those who called themselves the Coetus, have thus made themselves guilty of 
base ingratitude toward their benefactors, who have so long labored for their 
welfare, and have taken so much trouble for the benefit of the church of (the 
Province of) New Y'ork. Acting thus and preserving therein, they give sufBcient 
reason to the ("lassis of Amsterdam and to the Synod of North nolland, for with- 
drawing themselves altogether from and refusing to hold any further correspondence 
with them. They are therefore earnestly admonished carefully to ponder the 
injurious and ruinous consequences which would arise therefrom, to the general 
confusion, rending and even destruction of their church. For such results they 
would have no one but themselves to blame ; or if they cut themselves loose entirely 

•This is repeated in Doc. 953. 

f'The Visitation of Books" refers to their examination by a Committee, before 
publication. If approved, they were published by Church authority. 



OF THE State op New York. 3895 

1763 

from the Netherlands Church, they will mourn over their folly when it Is too late. 
Nevertheless the Synod gladly again declares, that both she and the Classls of 
Amsterdam, notwithstanding all this, remain inclined, if the Coetus will remain 
subordinate to the Classis, and thereby to this High Rev. Assembly, to exert them- 
selves to the utmost for the welfare of the New York churches. To this end, we 
admonish them once more to unite themselves together in love into one body, laying 
aside all differences and strife." 

Now, Brethren, the choice is left to you, to subordinate yourselves, after the old 
manner, to the Classis of Amsterdam, or to break that relation, a step so often 
shown to you, as the way to complete ruin. The Synod is yet unselfishly laboring 
for your prosperity, yet she has more trouble with the churches of New York, than 
with all the others in the vVest. Except for the best interests of Zioh, the Synod 
would rather be freed from this trouble. It is exclusively for the glory of the Great 
King, and for the prosperity of his Church, that we engage in such labors. 

If you conclude to withdraw from us, consider well your act, and how you can 
answer it before God and his holy angels, in that day when all mere excuses are 
vain, and wickedness stands naked before the Lord. We pray you, brethren, and 
exhort you in the Lord, for the sake of the love you owe yourselves, as well as his 
Church ; for the sake of the salvation of souls, for the sake of the mercy shown by 
the lowly Prince of Peace, whose servants you are, — to avoid these evils now menac- 
ing the Church. Remain subordinate, in conjunction with the other brethren, who 
are so inclined, to the Classis of Amsterdam. Live in unity and peace. Labor 
zealously together in God's vineyard, ye, who are the heralds of peace. Cease your 
fiery zeal lest ye be consumed. But If our exhortations and counsels are unable to 
move you to concord, then let those threatened dangers which the wrath of the 
Divine Majesty is even now sending upon your country, be the means of bringing 
your discords to an end ; for by such things also the Church would be troubled. 

The God of peace grant that you may dwell together in beautiful harmony, for 
therein is God's blessing even Life Eternal. We commend you to God and the 
Word of his Grace, and sign our names in love. 

Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren, 
Your obedient servants, 

Johannes de Lange, Depp. CI. h. t. Praesli. 
Winoldus Budde, " " " " Scrlba. 

In our Classical Assembly, 

Amsterdam, Oct. 3, 1763. 



The Classis of Amsterdam to the Confereittie, October 3, 
1763. Vol. 31, Page 205. ]^o. 132. 

To the Ministers who call themselves the Conferentle; 

Worthy Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren:— 

We received the letter sent by Rev. Mr. Ritzema, which was dated June 8, 1763, 
a few days before the last meeting of the Synod of North Holland, (1763,) and 
read It with great satisfaction. We learned therefrom that you had joyfully read 
our elaborate letter of Jan. 11th (1763,) and that the sound sentiments expressed 
therein on the matters in dispute, between yourselves and those who call them- 
selves the Coetus, were gratifying to you. 

We now desire to inform you, as we also inform the so-called Coetus, how the 
matters respecting the books of Rev. Leydt, and the request of the said Coetus, 
were treated by the Classis and the Synod, and what conclusions were reached; 
also the action taken In the Synod about those letters written in the name of Rev. 
Ritzema and the Consistory of Jagertie (Saugerties). This resulted in the complete 
Justification of Rev. Ritzema In reference to this business, and which fact we have 
communicated to him in a private letter. [See next letter.] 

The Classis of Amsterdam unanimously approved the report of their Committee 
ad res cxteras, making It a resolution of Classis, and commissioned their delegates 
to the Synod to bring it before that body. The result was that that High BcclesI- 



.'5S1I0 KcCLESiASTi('Ai> Kkcouds 

1763 

nsilc-nl AuBcmMj- unnnlmoiisly adopicil thp «nmo. Of thin notion wo Rend you a 
v»Tl>fl(lni copy, wlitn-by you will not only undcrHtiUHl (lie IhikIh on wlildi U rcHts, 
but will nlso tlip bettor undorhtniid our fornior loitor of Jiin. lltli, 170).{, rh well 
as tho nioro olnlmrnlo troatniont of the Biinie In tlio MhmtoH of the Synod of thli 
year. (July 'JO. 1703] 

In reforonce to the books of Rev. Leydt and publiRbcd at Pbllndplphla, by tho 
order of the rhurrh, (the Coetus.) after previous examination, (we remark:) that 
the ClasslB Informed the ('hrlittlnn Synod that Rev. Leydt had acted very Imperti- 
nently, by sponklng In nn Insulllng manner. In publlr print, not only of the 
Classls of Amsterdam, but also of the Synod of North Holland; that be had Injured 
our feelings most keenly thereby, of which we give several examples. We also 
further Infomied the Synod that the brethren who styled themselves the Confer- 
entle, had published an answer to said book (of Leyde.) In which they had not only 
controverted him and those who approved of his writings; but had also ascribed to 
the Classls of Amsterdam the sole right of promotion In their (American) Church, 
and had declared themselves perfectly willing to remain subordinate to the Classls 
of Amstordam. 

In reference to the requests of the so-called Coetiis, through their delegate Rev. 
Jacob Rutze van Hardenberg, which were presented In writing, and advocated 
orally by him; namely, to change the Coetus Into a Classls, with the right of pro- 
motion; and, as It Is added In their letters to the Christian Synod, that the Coetus 
(or American Classls) should enjoy the right of appeal and other privileges, like 
the other members (Classes) of this Synod, even unto that time when the Lord 
should so extend his Vineyard in your regions, that Synodical Assemblies should 
also necessarily be constituted there — In reference to these several matters, the 
Christian Synod unanimously took the following action:— 

"That the request of the Coetus has largely arisen from ignorance of the true 
constitution of Church Assemblies, both Classical and Synodlcal, In this country; 
that these are Inseparably connected with the government of the country; and that 
therefore the Coetus of New York belonging under another (civil) sovereignty, can 
never, either wholly or in part, constitute an inherent part of this Synod. More- 
over, this Synod Is affected with very great indignation at the Insults and Indigni- 
ties put upon It, as well as upon the Classis of Amsterdam, by Rev. John Leydt, in 
his book, which was also published by him upon Church authority, after previous 
visitation; that those who call themselves the Coetus have thus made themselves 
guilty of base Ingratitude toward their benefactors, who have so long labored for 
their welfare, and have taken so much trouble for the benefit of the Church of 
(the Province of) New York. Acting thus and persevering therein, they give snflJ- 
clent reason to the Classis of Amsterdam, and to the Synod of North Holland for 
withdrawing themselves altogether, and refusing to hold any further correspond- 
ence with them. They are therefore earnestly admonished carefully to ponder the 
injurious and ruinous consequences which may arise therefrom, to the general 
confusion, rending and even destruction of their churches. For such results they 
would have no one but themselves to blame; or If they cut themselves loose 
entirely from the Netherland Church, they will mourn over their folly when it Is 
too late. Nevertheless the Synod gladly again declares, that both she and the 
Classls of Amsterdam, notwithstanding all this, remain Inclined, If the Coetus will 
remain subordinate to the Classls, and thereby to this High Rev. Assembly, to 
exert them.selves to the utmost for the welfare of the New York churches. To this 
end we admonish them once more, to unite themselves together In love Into one 
body, laying aside all differences and strife." 

Behold, then Brethren, those points of dispute which have occasioned so much 
schism and strife now finally decided by this High Ecclesiastical Assembly. And 
we now expect of you the fulfillment of your promise, that you will perseveringly 
maintain good-order, according to both divine and human laws. To this, indeed, 
you have bound yourselves. You will, therefore, faithfully adhere to the Classla 
of Amsterdam as a Higher Assembly (than a Coetus or Conferentle), and to her 
you will be faithfully subordinate In brotherly love. You will also inculcate this 
on those new brethren who you have recently sought and obtained from the 
Faculty of Gronlngen. [Cook, Meyer and Kem.] These gentlemen, although pass- 
ing through our city (Amsterdam) did not address themselves to us. We also think 
It highly befitting that you should seek for ministers whom you may require (In 



OF THE State op New York. 3897 

1763 
America), through the Classis of Amsterdam, or their Committee ad res extcras; 
or at least through memlers of that Classis to whose care the New York churches 
are committed. Or if any are sent to you from other quarters, they should refer 
themselves to us in order to receive our exhortations how to carry themselves 
properly and In due subordination to our Classis. 

Finally, we desire fraternally to admonish you, while we also beseech you In 
the Lord, to turn to a good use this decision of that High Ecclesiastical Assembly. 
Let it be of advantage to all the churches of the Western hemisphere, by the 
restoration of a brotherly unity among them. May it be directed as much as 
possible to that end, that you may be reunited in one body in the bonds of genuine 
brotherly love. By the faithful preaching of the Gospel of the Great Prince of 
Peace, and the adornment of that Gospel by a holy and devout walk, you may 
Induce others now separated from you, to fulfill their duties more faithfully in the 
Sacred Ministry by a proper submission to the Classis. Receive those with all 
friendliness and love in the Lord, who may have some disposition to reunite with 
you, and who may sooner or later manifest it, and esteem highly. And as we hear 
of your affairs, may it be that you stand fast together in one spirit, with one mind, 
and that you are strong together for the faith of the Gospel. 

May the Great King of the Church, who has so strongly commended gentleness 
and humility of heart by his own lovely example, be pleased to fill you with his 
love, and to gird you with his power, that you may together do battle, under his 
beautiful Banner of Peace, for Truth, Peace and Godliness, to the glory of his 
great Name, and to the extention and establishment of his blessed Kingdom. 

With all friendliness, we sign ourselves. 

Worthy Sirs and Beloved Brethren, 

Your servants and brethren, 

John de Lange, Depp. CI. h. t. Praesis. 
Winoldus Budde, " " " " Scrlba. 
Written in the name of, and by 
Order of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 
Assembled October 3rd, 1763. 

The Classis op Amsterdam to Rev. Johist Ritzema, Oct. 3, 
1763. Vol. 31, Page 207. 'No. 133. 

To Rev. Johannes Ritzema, Pastor at New York, 

Rev. Sir and Beloved Brother: — 

We have the honor of being authorized by the Synod of North Holland to write 
to you in your vindication, because of what the Classis of Amsterdam and the 
Synod from letters of Rev. Leydt, as mentioned in his book. 

Your letter addressed to the North Holland Synod, under date of Nov. 1759, and 
(having been returned for identification, was) sent back again with a postscript, 
dated Nov. 21, 1762, has been read, and carefully compared with two letters men- 
tioned In the Synodical Acts of 1757; one being from the Consistory of Jagertle 
(Saugerties?) concerning a call on one Van der Swan; and the other (purporting to 
be) from Rev. Ritzema, enclosing a request for the approval of said call. 

Those two letters, sent to the North Holland Synod by that Consistory were at 
first, (being taken out of the Synodical chest), made known to us as Deputati as 
res Exteras, and were also shown to (by?) the gentlemen of the Committee to the 
Synod. They and we thus understand the matter: 

1. That a letter came, Including a call from the Consistory of Jagertie, (Sauger- 
ties), addressed to the Synod, 1757. But we must conclude that this call was 
either fraudulently made out, or that the Consistory, contrary to the truth, denied 
ever to have written such a letter. 

2. That there was also found a letter from Rev. Ritzema, in connection with 
the above-mentioned request. But upon a comparison of this letter with other 
communications of Rev. Ritzema, it is evident that said letter is not from him. 
In addition to this, there is a remarkable difference in the said testimony of said 
person (the author of the forged letter,) and that given (more recently) by Rev. 
Ritzema. Then also the difference In spelling and style, shows that It could not 

103 



.".SnS EcCLESIASTK'AIi RECORDS 

1763 

linre coino from tht' linnd of n person nrqiinliitfd with tho jiroprlctlos of lnn;;iing<» 
and composition. All llil« oroiiPloiird Husplolon In tho CIorkIb of AmstcTdnm that 
tho letter had hcen forced In the mime of Kev. Itltzfma. I'onderlnt? tliifi the 
AsBembly n-KoIved to vindlnite yon, and therefore had tho two let tern copied at 
the expense of the Synod, sendlnj? the orijcl'inlH to yon In order (o ferret out this 
fraud. 

This report was chan>red Into a Synodlcal reoolntion, and therefore we send the 
two orlKlnnls to you to And out about this deception, liecatiKo of the Imiiorlanee of 
the bnslnesB. namely, the c.nlllnR of a mlnlfiter. Oh! that puch decelveni might 
fall down Jinder a sense of shame before God, who will punish the liar, nnd such 
as turn aside from tho way. 

Ilavlntr no more to write you at present, wo close, praying for yo- r welfare, as 
well as that of your family nnd ministry. We trust also that the arrival of Rev. 
Leadly (I-nldlUO niay be a matter of great joy to you all, and a blessInK to the 
congregation. Tho Classls has just approved the call which he has aceeptrd, and 
thus pllonced the two persons (officers) and eleven members, who. In a letter to 
the (Classls, opposed the call of an English minister. We hope our commuiilcallon 
may produce the desired effect. 

With fraternal love and affection, wo consider ourselves, 
Rev. Sir and Brother, 

Your obedient servants and brethren, 

In the name of the Classls of Amsterdam, 

Johannes do Lnnge, Depp. CI. h. t. Praosls. 
Wlnoldus Buddo, " " " " Scrlba. 

In our Classical Assembly, October 3, 1763. 



The Classis of Amsterdam to the OrroxENTs of Rev. Latdlib 
AS ExGLisii Preacher, October 3, 17n3. Vol. 31, Page 209. 
No. 134. 

To the Thirteen Members who have declared themselves against the call of the 
Rev. (Archibald) Leadly, 
Honored Sirs and Brethren : — 

Although the Classis is not accustomed to answer letters from your country, 
addressed to her by private parties, yet on this occasion she has directed us to 
reply to your communication of .July 22nd, 176.S. — Your note, to which you allude, 
we have not received. Therefore the contents of your letter seemed somewhat 
strange to us. The Classis praises your zeal for the preservation of sound doctrine 
in the Church ; but with this you have also joined a special zeal for maintaining 
the use of the (Dutch) language. This might be praiseworthy too, if one was to 
understand by it only the retention of the clearness of expression of thought of that 
language, in reference to that pure Scriptural doctrine, as Christ has given us to 
understand It, in the Reformed Church. But if you mean only the external utter- 
ances of that language, — this Is of small consequence Indeed, and we are neither 
against it or in favor of it, except as the particular circumstances of congregations 
require that their preaching should be in one language or another, in order that 
they may the better understand It. In such cases the leaders of the church should 
indeed act carefully; yet they should grant the request of those who desire that the 
Everlasting Gospel should be preached unto them in their own language. For the 
inner language of the heart is always the same — the language of Canaan. For these 
reasons the Classis have granted the request of the New York Consistory, and has 
allowed them to call a minister, who can preach in the English language, the pure 
Reformed doctrine, according to the Rules of the National Synod of Dort. 

Now the Classis has given her approval to this request in the following way: 
1. Because many members of the Church speak the English language, having been 
brought up in it from their youth. Not understanding, therefore, the Holland 
language very well, they are prone to go to hear ministers of other denominations 
who differ In opinion and doctrine from the Dutch Reformed Church. 



OF THE State of New York. 3899 

1763 

2. Because in this way tlie rights and privileges given to the Dutch Reformed 
Church by charter, etc., are better protected. Better security is also thus thrown 
around the property by which the ministers are supported, and the alms collected 
for the poor. — Under these points of view you should ponder the action of the 
Classis in this matter, which also exactly corresponds with your own testimony (as 
to your desires,) namely. The Maintenance of the Rights and Privileges of the 
Reformed Churches. Our resolution also coiresponds with your desires in other 
respects, namely, that they who hereafter should be chosen to the service of the 
church, (elders and deacons,) should (not?) subscribe to the salary of the English 
minister. This is founded on Article 3, in which it is said that such officers of the 
church shall bind themselves not to use church-property given for the support of 
Dutch ministers for the salary of English speaking ministers. — We give our consent 
that there should be in the future two Dutch ministers to preach in the present 
church-buildings ; but no member of the Consistory is obliged to sign his name for 
the salary of an English minister, except so far as this: that he (the English 
preacher) shall receive his salary from voluntary gifts which donors may subscribe ; 
and for the payment of such sum, the extra number of members of Consistory shall 
subscribe their names. They are authorized to pay such sum only out of these 
voluntary gifts, and not out of the funds for the support of the Dutch ministers, 
as according to Article 2. Now this matter, looljed at in this light, correspond* 
entirely with your ideas, and ought not to be called " an unheard of oppression of 
conscience." 

3. The Classis finally approves of the resolution of Consistory, because the objec- 
tions brought in against it concern only the matter of language. They say : " Whose 
heart will not deeply feel the giving up of the Dutch language? " The Classis, 
however, thinks that a live member and overseer of the church should have a 
deeper feeling in reference to the ruin and loss of a whole congregation, which the 
Lord had gathered together. They should have a profounder interest in the souls 
of men, who desire the solid food of the Gospel in the English language and from 
ministers who are able to serve them. 

Brethren, just consider with a submissive heart the motives which compelled the 
New York Consistory to call an English speaking minister. Forget any unduly 
strong words uttered by any of them on this subject, if, indeed, what you mention of 
Rev. Rltzema Is true. Show, rather, your zeal in extending the Kingdom of Christ 
and In Improving your former methods of work. Dear brethren, if there be any 
consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of spirit, if any 
bowels and mercies, fulfill ye our joy, by permitting us to hear that ye are of one 
mind in this matter. Jlay unity and harmony result from this call upon Rev. 
Leadly (Laidlic), recently pastor at Vlissingen, (Flushing, Holland.) He is an 
honorable man. well-known in the churches of (the province of) Zeeland, of pious 
character, and whose whole aim is to build up the Church of Christ on earth. May 
the admonition to love, given by Paul to the divided church of Corinth, be applied 
by yourselves (in reference to Rev. Laidlie) : "Now if Timothy come, see that he 
may be with you without fear ; for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do. 
Let no man therefore despise him: but conduct him forth in peace." (1 Cor. 16:10, 
11.) 

May the I^ord himself direct him in his way toward you, and make you abound In 
love toward each other. The Lord of Peace direct your hearts to the love of God 
and of all the brethren. It is our earnest desire that we may not be disappointed In 
this our hopes, while we consider ourselves, 

Hon. Sirs and Brethren, 

Tour obedient servants In the Lord, 

Johannes de Lange, Depp. CI. h. t. Praesis. 
Winoldus Budde, " " " " Scrlba. 

In the Name and by Authority of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
October 3rd, 1763. 



3900 Krrr<i:siAsi'irAr, I\i:roRDS 

1763 

Cjuikcii of Xew Voinc. 

New Vork, October 0, 1763. 

At a meeting of the ConalBtory, It was rcBolvcd that the honda of the treasurer, 
Adrain Bnncker, be delivered to one of the elders In senaon that a proper security 
may be given. 

Present : Domlnes RItzema and de Rondc. 

Elders: 1'. Lott, Cornelius Hogart, Cornelius Clopper, Simon Johnson, Theodore 

Van Wyck, J. IJogart, Jr. 
Deacons : 1'. Keleltaa, Isaac Roosevelt, Dirk Brinkerboff, O. Rappelye, Jakobus 
Roosevelt, Gerard Beekman. 



Opponents of Engli.sii Preacking. 

October 20, the day of election 
of Consistory. 

I, Ihe undersigned, on entering the Consistory Chamber, was accosted by Mr. 
Jacobus Stoutenberg, who asked If he and his could be admitted to a vote In 
consistory. I answered that when consistory was opened, I would reply to him In 
their name. The matter being proposed to the Consistory, they gave answer to 
him In the Doophuls that they thought his party had no vote according to the 
Charter. 

Whereon a paper was presented by Col. Henry Cuyler, the treasurer De Peyster, 
Jacobus Roosevelt, Nicholas Payard, and signed by more than 100 members there 
present, desiring that the Consistory, in the election, would abide by the old custom 
now so long in use. This was made known to Stoutenberg and his party with the 
request that they would yield thereto. This they refused to do. 

Whereupon they desired to come into the Consistory Chamber, the consistory 
having, according to custom, finished the election and gone away. They aJeo 
requested me to take part with them. This I justly declined, having already, as 
I'resident, directed the meeting. They pressed into the Consistory Chamber, and 
finally came to my house, and wished to give up to me the (names of the) persons 
chosen by them, and certified to Ijy two witnesses. This in like manner I refused. 
So another day, the persons chosen came to my house and demanded the book in 
order to put their names therein. Twice, I refused to give it, and they departed. 
This I certify took place. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

On the 21st of November, 1763, order was given to the treasurer, according to the 
resolution of consistory, to pay to domlnes Ritzema and De Ronde, each £30. on the 
interest of £2000. due May 1764, according to what was formerly allowed them at 
their previous request. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 



Petitiox of Many Members 0¥ the Dutch Church of New 
York, to the Consistory, to Continue to Elect Officers 
IN THE Old Way, IsTamely, by the Choice of the Consistory 
Alone. Oct. 20, 1763. 

To the Rev. and Worthy Consistory of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of the 
City of New York : — 

The Petition and humble request of us, the underwritten, communicants of the 
said church, sheweth — That the Petitioners have been credibly informed that several 
of the communicants of the said church Intend, on the day appointed by the Charter 
of the said church for electing Elders, Deacons and Church Masters, to come and 



OF THE State of New York. 3901 

1763 

vote for Elders, Deacons and Church Masters, contrary to the old invariable usage 
and custom of the said church, before, and since obtaining the said Charter : That 
we judge an election by the communicants as an infringement on the constitution of 
our church, and tending to raise heats, controversies and animosities among the 
members thereof, contrary to that love and esteem which ought to subsist among 
the professors of Christianity. Our earnest request and desire therefore is, that 
the Rev. and Worthy Consistory will by no means deviate from the old constitu- 
tional methods of electing Elders, Deacons and Church Masters, but proceed therein 
as usual, notwithstanding any attempt contrary thereto ; and we do hereby promise 
and engage personally to attend on the day aforesaid, at the Dutch Church, there to 
agree to the election, nomination and appointment that shall be made by you, 
according to the usage and constitution aforesaid. We pray God to heal the unhappy 
breech in our church ; and are, with great esteem, etc. 

Col. Henry Cuyler. 

Treasurer De Peyster. 

Jakobus Roosevelt. 

Nicholas Bayard. 

And more than 100 other names. 

German Kefoemed Church, ]^ew York:. 
Eev. John M. Kern. — German Churcli joins Classis of Amsterdam. 

New York, October 28th, 1763. 

On the occasion of the arrival of the Reverend Johann Micheal Kern from Ger- 
many, as minister of God's word to the German Reformed Congregation in New 
York, on the 18th inst. the Consistory thought it advisable to meet to consult about 
the same and other topics; which they did accordingly on the above date. 

Present: 

Johannes Will, Sebastian Stephung, Johannes Mejer— Elders. 

Abraham Lung, Deacon; with other members of the congregation, as 

Heinrich Will, Johannes Reming, Philip Muller. 

The following points were discussed, and it was resolved: 

1st. That to prevent all contentions, we unite with the Classis of Amsterdam or 
the Synod of Holland, and that the Low Dutch Ministers, Dom. Ritzema and De 
Ronde, be conferred with, in order to carry this resolve into execution. 

2nd. That Dom. De Ronde prepare a proper report according to the order of the 
Low Dutch Church, necessary for the above application. 

3rd. That the yearly salary of our minister, Rev. Kern, be one hundred pounds, 
until the outstanding debts of the church are liquidated; when the said salary shall 
be raised to the same amount paid our last minister, viz. one hundred and fifty 
pounds. 

Sir William Johnson to the Lords of Trade. 
Missionaries among the Indians. Indian Prayer Book. 

Johnson Hall, November 13, 1763. 

My Lords, In obedience to your Lordships commands of the 5th of August last, 
I now do myself the honour of writing my sentiments concerning Indian affairs 
and of transmitting the best state I am able at present, of the several Nations 
wilhin my department, with whom I have hitherto had intercourse. 

Another matter extremely essential, will be a choice of proper Missionaries to 
reside amongst the Indians in their own Villages; many of the present Missions 
are established at settlements on the sea-side, where the Nations formerly residing 
are ber-ome extinct, or reduced to an inconsiderable number, whilst other Mission- 
aries are allowed a double cure, or live in our towns; so that two or three visits 
In a year, are all, that the Indians get, and the Missionaries unable to speak their 
language, are obliged to have recourse to the very bad Interpreters which the 



17G3 



KfVLKSIASTK'AI- HkcoUDS 

Country nfronls; by wlilcli nn-ann tho worthy donlicn of the Sooloty, In In a gniit 
n)fnBur«' <lofonlc-cl. There hnvi- boon other MlHKlonarioH, who hnvc too often used 
thoir InMiionre In obtnlnlnx Kmnts of LnndH, whirli kIvch the IiulliinH the moHt 
Hiifavonililo opinion of thoIr worldly iind InteroHted vIowh. Th»> MohmvkB Intely 
told riip. tlint tlwy npprclHiiib'd llie ronson, thi\v hiid not fliTtfy oh formerly 
anion^Rt IlK'ni. whh, bfriiUHi> tlicy hnd no more liintl to .xpiire. 

The Frcnrh, who Rrcntly oiitot ripped nn In ninklnK I'ToselytPR, Hent JcHiiita and 
othcrH nnionKHl tho Indl.inH, who llvo<] In thoIr CiiHtlcH, and took oiirc to form 
them by their Ininiedlate example and precept. I fr-nr we hIimM be nnjiblo to pro- 
enro pneh persons nnionnst our ClerBy, but I wotild Inunbly recommend, the 
ner<>«Hlly there Ib for Rcndlnj: pome 8ueh perHoiiH to reside nmonKKt the Mohawks 
and Oneldaes In particular; these two nalbins having a very UelliclouH turn, and 
desire for leanilng the Christian UellKion, In which many of them are become n^reat 
pmflolente, readluK the I-lttirey and i»reiichln(f amongst theniselves. to promote 
which, I have caused a new edition of the prayer book etc., to be printed In their 
own language, with some necessary additions. Two youths, n Mohawk and an 
Oneida, whom I sent to school, being reHirncd, and appearing very zealously and 
devoutly inclined, dcscn-e the notice of the Society; as from their connection and 
resdence, they would prove of much \ise; for I observe with regret, th.-it few of 
our people can be found, who will sacrifice the advantages and enjoyments of life 
to reside In their Villages, without which, they are of little utility. 

I have the honour to be, with the most profound respect. My Lords, Your Lord- 
ships' most obedient and most humble servant, 

Wm. ,Tohnson. 

—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vll, pp. rj72. 579, oSO, .581. 

CoRRESPONDE?^CE ErOM AmERICA. 

The Conforentio to the Rev. Classls of Amsterdam, November 17, 1763. Vol. 33, 
page 69. No. 340. 

Reverend Sirs, Fathers and Brethren In Christ:— 

We had the honor to announce to you on the 8th of June of this year, that we 
had received your welcome letter of the 11th of January, on the 5th of June, 
together with that addressed to the so-called Coetus; and also one to us, a com- 
mittee of four, on the affairs of Queens County. What has been done in that case 
we hereliy let you know. 

We have spoken several times to Mr. Keteltas, and have done all in our power 
to make his Rev. understand his errors, and to bring him to right views. At times 
these efforts seemed to bear some good fruit; but at last his stubbornness was fully 
exhibited, so that we could not escape his misrepresentations: for example, "as if 
we thou.ght that the truth wns simply to be found In the Dutch Reformed Church;" 
"that we blindly followed those theories with retriird to the Etcrn.-il Generation of 
the Son." All this hns had such effect upon the congre.tjation, that they have cut 
loose from his Rev., without its having caused any great division in the congrega- 
tion. He, however, still lives right among them. Only a few can yet be found 
who cling to him, as is evident from the Call, which accompanies this letter. Thla 
speaks for itself and we have little to say about It. 

One thing, however, is desired by us. Inasmuch as the Call has been written 
by Rev. Ulpianus Van Sinderen, as moderator, and therefore our customs have 
been observed In the Call Itself; yet It is not meant that the whole Classls Is 
authorized to look out for a minister, but that this authority should be simply con- 
ferred upon the Deputati ad Res Exteras; that to them full power is given to look 
around for a qualified man; and when one is found to present him to the Classls, 
and that the whole Classis then execute It. 

Further we must observe that tho congregation desires a speedy execution of this 
call. We are aware also of the difficulties in finding an opportunity to send a min- 
ister direct from Amsterdam. If, therefore. It should happen that no fit oppor- 
tunity should be found at Amsterdam, that then he should be sent vin. London, 
because the need of the congregation requires as much speed as possible. We can- 



OP THE State op New York. 3903 

1763 

not but hope that God may bless your efforts, and that you may send a worthy 
person, who shall respond to the pious undertaking of the congregation; and that 
thereby the way may be further opened, to arouse the desires of other congrega- 
tions to have ministers sent from the Fatherland. 

We announce our intention of meeting in October, with regard to the above 
named letter of the Rev. Classis. We expected that, in the meantime, we should 
receive a further reply about the second pamphlet of Rev. (John) Leydt, as well as 
that of Rev. Ritzema, in answer to it; as also, what has been done by the Commis- 
sioner, (of the Coetus) Hardenbergh. But we must say that our expectations 
hitherto have been disappointed; for Rev. Hardenbergh has given us no informa- 
tion whatever, (about his visit to Holland), not even a single word, although we 
have been some hours in his company. Only we hear that it was not accordng to 
his desire. There is a rumor also that Rev. (John) Leydt, who now seems to be 
done with us, will take up his pen against the Classis. There are still further 
proofs of their obstinacy of purpose, for, just before the arrival of Hardenbergh, 
they have again made three candidates; and we are told that they will be installed 
in the congregation at the first opportunity. 

With regard to the chui-ch of Fishkill: it has gone to such an extreme that 
almost the entire congregation is separated from the Consistory. They want a 
minister from Holland; whilst the majority of the consistory, who can get scarcely 
ten members of the congregation to agree with them, want to force in one of these 
newly made ministers. The result will show what such conduct will finally produce. 

This much is certain, that the eyes of most of the people are getting opened. 
We can see no other way, in this affair, but that this clique declare itself inde- 
pendent; and that then the congregations all over the country, be provided with 
ministers who adhere to the Constitution of the Dutch Reformed Church. One of 
us went to the trouble, this spring, to attempt to settle the diflaculties at Tappan. 
Indeed, the foundation thereto was settled by a written contract. But after his 
departure from us, the domine circulated that he had been justified. This upset 
everything again. The domine there receives little more than half of his salary, 
and there are still thirty-nine heads of families under discipline. 

We are still expecting two vessels from Amsterdam, the Boston and the Smith. 
By these we hope to receive some tidings; else we must request the Classis to 
write us via London, let it cost what it may. This is in order that we may meet 
next spring to settle up things here, according to the best we can do. It would 
also be very kind if the Classis would be pleased to urge those of Albany to do 
their duty. Domine Westerlo is well inclined that way, but his consistory seems 
to have no desire for it. 

Herewith we must now close, with the hope and expectation that Jehovah God, 
whose cause we intend to maintain, may strengthen us, to quench all disorders, 
and to maintain all order in our midst. We also hope that the Rev. Classis will 
not deny us the needed aid; but that they will assist us with all their might. 
Then we cannot expect otherwise than that all difficulties with regard to these 
affairs will soon find an end. 

We sign ourselves with the greatest veneration and respect, Rev. Sirs, Fathers 
and Brethren In Christ, 

Your Revs, obedient servants, 

Joannes Ritzema 
Lambertus de Ronde 
U. van Sinderen, V. D. M. 
.Johannes Casparus Rubel. 
Long Island, Nov. 17, 1763. 

CoRRESPONDE^q'CE FrOM AmEEICA. 

Rev. Lambertus De Ronde to one of the Deputies of the Classis of Amsterdam, Nov. 
24. 1763 ; with a Postscript. Vol. 33, page 72. No. 342. 

Right Rev. Sir and Much Esteemed Brother:— 

Having heard that your Rev. is one of the Deputati ad Res Exteras, I take the 
liberty of addressing your Rev. with a friendly and earnest request, and asking your 
aid in what I shall propose. 



17G3 



•"'"."' 1 Ecclesiastical Kki.'okds 

Vour Kov. must have hoard that on account of tho IncroaslnR ubc of tho EngllBb 
tonKiie ovrr here, and ihc dccrcnBliiB nac of tho Kiitrh, oiir i'onKlBtory and con^re- 
Ration KoniTnlly have found themnolveR conRclontioiiKly compolk'd, In order to 
retain pound i-,vanKollrnl dortrlne, to call another mlnUtor who shall preach In 
EnBUah. altlionuh railed ncrordlnR to the (Dutch Church) ConHlltutlou. The Call 
has already heen sent to Holland, notwithRtandinK much trouble already experi- 
enced on account of It, and more which we may yet experience from a constant, but 
unrcnsonnlile opposition. 

But besides this useful effort of the Consistory, It has also plonsed the Disposer 
of all things, to stimulate me, his unworthy servant, to attempt somethluK, which 
shortly before. I would hardly have thought possible. I perceive the great need of a 
translation of the Heldelber>; Catechism Into lingllsh In order that old and young 
might olitaln a correct view, through that Inngu.ige, of our Reformed and consolatory 
doctrines, and (bus, under the Influence of the Spirit, be kept from going astray, 
after the various sects and seducers In our midst. I was. Indeed, deeply conscious 
of my Insufficiency In this dllHcult (lOngllsb) language. But I Implored the Lord's 
assistance and enlightenment : and after three months labor, by day and often by 
night, I succeeded in producing a System of Truth, or a Compendium of Divine 
Truth after the plan of the Heidelberg Catechism. It follows the method of expo- 
sition in the Fatherland by orthodox ministers there. It also contains a small 
treatise for little children who have just begun to pluck the fruit of divine truth 
by means of the English tongue. Thus also, if the Lord will, we shall soon begin to 
instruct our grown up people, in the principles of our faith, as it is in Christ, in 
that same tongue. 

The production of this work has been not only of considerable satisfaction to our 
own congregation, which is greatly pleased thereat, and sees a special Providence in 
its preparation just now, and is very grateful to Jehovah therefor ; but it Is also 
very acceptable to the Professors in the Presbyterian College and to the members of 
those churches ; for it is believed It will be useful to their students and others. 
Subsequently I also saw more clearly why God called me to this undertaking; for 
there are many errorists among us, such as Moravians, Anabaptists, Arminlans and 
others. Against these I have always been very zealous in my preaching. But I 
never knew before, nor could I have imagined what other kinds of errorists dwelt 
in our very midst, but these have now burst suddenly forth upon my vision, since I 
have come to understand English and have published my System of Truth in that 
tongue. These others are Antinomians and Fanatics, who have issued writings 
prepared in a very subtle way, and under the guise of Gospel truths. They came 
over from England, that breeding place of heresy, and are not only ministers, but 
others also. Their doctrines are very easy and pleasant to the flesh, and have been 
already embraced by many of our own members. There is a so-called minister 
among them, of the Seceders of the Scotch Church, and who recommends these 
heretical books. 

For such reasons have I published my " System " ; and it is by such as these 
referred to, that our Catechism is so dreadfiiily slandered. Even I am called an 
Arminian, because I insist on good works being manifested, and require obedience 
to the \\'ord of God, as an expression of gratitude (for redemption) : but they do 
not require such things. They want only the act of Faith, founded on a mere 
persuasion that all one's sins are forgiven, or on One's own full assurance thereof, 
without any evidence from the Word of God or from personal experience of God's 
grace. They absolutely forbid any one to have any doubts ; although they do not 
require any previous repentance or humiliation for sin, before hoping for God's 
favor. But this cannot be. Such is only a make-believe faith. They are not 
required to care about conviction of sin, nor need they fight against it. They 
assert that their method is best for believers. That they must simply love God ; 
that they can love him. if they only know that He has loved them in Christ ; that 
otherwise God seems only hateful. 

But alas! what wickedness is this! Where is then the love which God is worthy 
to receive from believers, because he is that Being who ought to be feared from his 
very nature, because he is so glorious, and holy, and truth-loving. Even if there 
were no heaven to be hoped for, men ought always to love him with a love at once 
glowing and ardent. (See Ps. 73 and Canticles 5.) And then on account of the 
blessings which he bestows on us in Jesus Christ his Son, we should be willing to 



OF THE State of New York. 3905 

suffer condemnation. Such a love Is worthy of all thankfulness. Would it not be 
only a form of self-love to represent it differently. Yet such a love of God (founded 
on our own self-love) they disgracefully press upon us. They do not properly 
revere that Exalted Being, (for what He is in Himself) ; before whom even seraphs 
veil their faces. 

This, with other matters, which I hope will come under the eyes of your Revs., 
have compelled me thus to write For I hear that my " System " has been greatly 
depreciated by some of these errorists In our own congregation, and by others out- 
side, though belonging to the Reformed Faith. Yea, It has even been published from 
the pulpit that if any one has any objections to bring against it, or if it be contrary 
to our Articles of Faith, that such objectors should be pleased to address them- 
selves to our Consistory, in order that the truth or falsehood of my views might be 
made manifest ; and that the matter might be dealt with according to Church Order. 
But up to the present time no such objector has appeared. Nevertheless, the mis- 
representations continue. 

There are also some who formerly attended my church, persons in whom I had had 
great confidence and who held daily converse with me, but who now come out 
openly and follow these antinomian ministers ; and many do the same among those 
so-called Coetus brethren. These latter continue to rebel against the Rev. Classis, 
and are by no means free from the contagion of these same errors, as I shall prove 
to you with sufficient reasons. But they thereby show what spirit they are possessed 
of. These things pain me in my heart, and often drive me to the throne of God to 
pray that he v.-ould be gracious to Zion and heal all the wounds. But I consider 
it an honor to suffer obloquy for Jesus' sake. Oh that God would prepare me to 
suffer affliction, if need be, as well as all who are called thereto. 

Meanwhile I think it to be my duty to use all possible means to try to save many 
of these poor ignorant souls ; to strive to prevent these noxious growths from 
spreading any further in this field (lit. acre) of God's Church, and, if possible, to 
extirpate them root and branch. I have, therefore, thought well to send over to 
you my " System of Truth ", for your inspection. It contains (in English) the 
fundamentals of our Christian religion, according to the teachings of the Heidelberg 
Catechism, arranged in clear questions and answers. These will be useful In 
instructing persons (who prefer English) in our pure Confession of Faith, etc. I 
send it to those Rev. gentlemen, Messrs. Longueville and Blinshall, ministers of the 
English speaking Church in Amsterdam ; (as also a book of a certain man named 
Marshall, called "Gospel-Mystery"): I send it to them, because they understand 
English, and, according to directions given, they will report on it to the Rev. Classis, 
and secure an expression of opinion on my publication. I trust that the Rev. 
Classis will be pleased to send their approbation by the first opportunity, written 
both in Dutch and in English, that I may be relieved from the painful obloques and 
slanderings uttered against me ; and that my labors, done in all sincerity for thirteen 
years past, as the Judge of hearts knows, and as my congregation can also testify, 
may not be impeded. 

I also make request, if the High Rev. Assembly think well of it, that the Rev. 
Classis would express their disapprobation of that erroneous, soul-destroying book, 
(Marshall, above alluded to, generally styled "Marshall on Sanctiflcation ") also sent 
over. This, instead of inciting a person to real holiness, which is so beautiful in 
the eyes of the Holy One of Israel, rather leads him into greater self-security and 
carelessness. Will not the Rev. Classis also be pleased to send over orders, that all 
Reformed ministers subject to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and all others who 
are one with us in doctrine, warn their congregations against such teachings, and to 
withdraw themselves from such ministers who dare recommend such books. This 
is the on!y way, according to my way of thinking, and with God's blessing, to resist 
these errors, and to bring the erring ones back again ; better than all preaching 
against such errors, for some are prejudiced against such preaching. 

And it is not only among our (Dutch) congregations. Worthy Sirs, that these 
errors prevail, but also among the orthodox Presbyterians, who preach according to 
the Westminster Catechism and Confession of Faith, and who agree with us In 
doctrine. The danger among them is also all the greater, because their very 
respectable congregation (the Wall St. Presbyterian Church. New York) was a few 
days ago deprived by death of their much beloved, highly educated, godly and 
faithful pastor, a beloved and intimate friend of mine, David Bostwick. To him. 



1763 



^!lii(> EccLKsiASTicAi, Hi:r(»UL»s 

r63 

diirltiK three jonrs pnet, these errora hnve been a grent sorrow. He expressed him- 
self freoly cm this matter, even on bis denth-bed. Diirlnjt my absence, he recom- 
mendrd my •' System of Trnth " to mnny. as being confiirmable in all respects to the 
" Confpssliin of Kalth " of the pnro I'roteBtnnt Chiirrh. 

I pray you, therefore. Uev. K<'ntlciiu'n, to come to my help, who am your brother, 
but despised by certain ones for the cause of truth ; come to my help, in order to 
maintain willingly the cause of Christ, and to defend it. May your Revs, be pleased 
to enter Into dispute with the ralnlslcr already mentioned, and moy the Rev. Clnssis 
do her duly, that the Word of Truth may h:ive free course, and the Church of God 
be built ui> on her eternal foundation. .Tesus Christ. To this end. I earnestly wlab 
for your enllre Kev. Assembly, the enllghteninR and (|uallfyinK Spirit of the Lord. 

I would h.Tvc sent my "System" to you boforo (his. in wrltinf;: but. In the flrst 
place. It would have delayed the publicndon loo lonp a time to do this, for the 
necessities of the Church required it as soon as possible; and secondly, there was 
the danger of losing It, (if the original manuscript were sent) : and the cost of 
duplicating it over here would have been very great. 

It will be a special satisfaction to me If your Uev. will speedily honor me with 
a letter. I request an Interest In your prayers, even as I earnestly desire the Lord's 
blessing upon the person of your Rev., upon your holy work and upon your family. 
May the gracious God cause us all to experience more fully the power of his precious 
truth, that in the consciousness of this, we may ever become more steadfa.st, and 
may abound in the truth. May we be of those who know that, by the grace of God, 
our work shall not be in vain in the Lord ; Itut that of his free mercy, and according 
to the riches of his loving-kindness, it shall be made manifest. 

I am, Right Rev. Sir, and Much Esteemed Brother, 
Your Revs. D. W. ( ?) servant and brother, 

Lambertus De Ilonde. 

New York, Xov. 24, 1763. 

r. S. If your Revs, (the Doputati) know of any other ministers, besides those 
above mentioned, lovers of the truth and godly livers, men who understand English, 
of sound judgment, and who are capable of detecting the poison (of false doctrine) : 
It would be well to hand over to them also that book of Marshall. But I leave this 
to the judgment of your Revs., hoping, however that those gentlemen (of the English- 
speaking church in Amsterdam), preach in conformity with our doctrine, for their 
Revs, are unknown to me. If your Revs, (the Deputati) think proper, hand over to 
them both letter and book ; otherwise give them to those whom you think best, so 
that the Rev. Classis may gain a clear insight of its significance. Great care, how- 
ever, must be taken, in reference to this matter ; because even In English printed 
letters, I find the names of English-speaking ministers in Rotterdam and other 
places, concerning whom, I know not whether they go astray or not. 

Above all, do not take it amiss that I thus express my thoughts to your Revs. It 
is only my anxiety for the Truth that weighs upon me, and not In the least any 
doubts about the discretion of your Revs. But because it is about an English book 
that I am speaking, it seemed well to add one thing to another. I have requested a 
merchant living here to look after the postage, or other expenses, so that your Revs, 
will incur no personal costs. 

Y'our Revs, will probably ask, Are there no men here (in America) who are able 
to reply to such erroneous books? O yes. Rev. Sir. The highly educated Mr. 
Edward Dickson has done that very thing; and lately especially, Mr. Bellamy, by 
means of a " Dialogue ", has exhibited their errors to the full light of day, and 
refuted them wMth most pow^erful arguments. But to these they pay no attention. 

I am also at present writing little Tracts in the English language, whose titles 
will be as follows : 

" The rearl and Ornament of True Christianity. — The Fountain of Spiritual 
Activity. — The Beginning of the Service of God.— The Life of the Soul. — The Sinew 
of our Strength. — The Bond of our Union with Christ, the Chiefest Glory of 
Christians, as well as of our Most Holy Faith." — Explained, Established, Defended, 
and applied. 

I pray the Lord that the works of those men (Dickson and Bellamy?) may be 
blessed, as well as the similar work of others. But such works are not like the 
decision of such a body as the entire Classis of Amsterdam. Methinks that this, 
with God's blessing, will bring them to sober reflections. 



OF THE State of New York. 3907 

1763 

I also request you not to take it amiss, if I ask your Rev. to hand the letter 
enclosed to my mother. 

(For a reference to this English work of De Ronde on the Catechism, and other 
of his published works, see Corwin's Manual, 4th ed. 1901, pages 417, 418. The 
Tracts above alluded to were probably never published.) 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Rev. Archibald Laidlie. 
1763, Dec. 5th. The English minister Rev. Longiieville, and 
his colleague (James Blinshall, D. D.) after the exhibition (un- 
bosoming) of the facts of the case to this Assembly, gave the 
papers concerning the separation of Rev. Leadly (Laidlie) from 
the English Consistory at Flushing, (Zeeland), and from the 
Classis of Walcheren. These are all in good order and very 
laudable. They request accordingly that Rev. Archibald Leadley 
(Laidlie) aforesaid may now be installed here for the Holy Office 
in the church of Kew York. This Assembly gladly grants this 
request in pursuance of their resolution at the regular meeting of 
Classis of October 3, 1763, Art. 5. This installation was now per- 
formed by the Rev. President. Thereupon the installed one 
signed the Eormidae of Concord, and promised to maintain the 
correspondence with the Classis of Amsterdam, xiii. 379. 

(Another Account From the Volume of Letters.) 
Dismission of Rev. (Archibald) Laidlie from Ylissingen (Flush- 
ing) to go to l^ew York, Dec. 5, 1763. Vol. 31, page 223. 
m. 147. 

The record of the Classical Assembly held at Amsterdam Dec. 
5, 1763, Rev. de Lange, President, contains the f ollo\ving minute : 

The English minister, de Longueville, together with his col- 
league, after congratulations, presented to this Assembly the docu- 
ments, dissolving the relation of Rev. Laidlie, (with his church). 
They also showed his collegiate qualification. These documents 
were from the English Consistory at Vlissingen, and from the 
Classis of Walcheren. These were all found to be in regular 
order and were praisewortliy. They thereupon requested that 
the said Rev. Archibald Laidlie may be installed here, into the 
service of the divine ministry into the Church of New YorL 



1763 



The Assembly, pursuant to tlio action of llio Classis, on October 3, 
1763, section 5, perforined this act most willingly, as is testified by 
the Presidont. Whrroupon the now installed minister, sij^ned 
the Formulas of Unity, and promised to maintain the correspond- 
ence with the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Sic testor, 

Johannes Kalkoen, V. I ). ]\I. Ainsl. nii<l licv. CI. 

Dep. ad Tfos Kxteras, h. t. Scriba. 

LlEUTENAXT-GoVEHNOIi CoLDEX TO THE LoRDS OK 'J'lIADE. 

[Church Charters.] 

New York, Dcooinbcr 7, 170o. 
.My Lords, 

In the year 1759, the Lutheran CongrpRatlon In this CItty, encouraged by 
their constant & uniform good behaviour, whence tlioy hoped to receive the Indul- 
gence of the Crown, warmly solliclted tlie Late Lieutenant Governor I»e Lancey, 
for the Royal grant or Charter of Incorporation, with the usual powers to their 
Minister, Elders and Deacons. The petition which they then preferred having 
been discussed In Council, was advised to be granted, but Mr. De Lanrey finding 
a like application from the principal dissenting Congregation In the City, and 
apprehending others would follow the example, declined giving any Charter, until 
he should have laid the matter before your Lordshipps' predecessors in ofllce, and 
have received their sentiments on the point, that appeared to him of too much 
importance to be determined by the authority of the Government here. Mr. De 
Lancey's death happening shortly after, the parties Interested dropt tlieir solici- 
tations until lately, the Lutherans thought proper to renew theirs, by a Petition 
they presented to me, which I layd before His Majesty's Council: who foreseeing 
the variety of applications that would necessarily follow the granting of this, 
declined entering any further into the consideration of the matter, than to advise 
me to lay the Petition before your Lordshipps. 

The papers on this subject your Lordshipps have enclosed. Except the Estab- 
lished Church, here are only four instances of the grant of such Charters, which 
were made to the Dutch Church. By one of the Articles, on the surrender of the 
Province In the year 1G64. The Rights of that Church are expressly reser\'ed, 
which is probably the reason why the Government thought fit to favour the Dutch 
Congregations beyond those of other Denominations; but it may be questioned 
whether these articles are not confined personally to the then Inhabitants; and 
It is further to be observed, that the Dutch reconquered this Province in the year 
1674, and the states of Holland surrendered It by the Treaty of Breda without 
any conditions. [ ?] 

On perusal of His Majesty's instructions, I find, a particular attention to the 
interests & advancement of the Church of England; and that the strictest regard 
Is to be paid to the Act of Toleration. But there is nothing in them so explicit, 
as I think will justify me in extending to the other Religious Denominations the 
ample privileges and Indulgencies, which in this Province have hitherto been con- 
fined to the Established Church, oxf-ept the few Instances above cited. 

As the Dissenters in this and the neighboring Colonies are more numerous, than 
those of the Church of England, Your Lordshipps will judge how far it is consistent 
with good policy and the English Constitution, to put the Dissenters, In respect to 
the point in question, upon an equality with the Established Church— Y'our Lord- 
shipps determination shall be received with the greatest submission by. 
My Lords, 

Your most obedient & faithful servant. 

Cadwallader Golden. 
—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vli, pp. 58.5, 586. 



OP THE State of New York. 3909 

1763 

Church op New York. 
Call of Rev. Laidlie. Increased accommodations needed. 

New York, December 7, 1763. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

It was represented that inasmuch as domine Laidly had accepted the call to be 
English preacher, it was necessary that the proposed gallery should be constructed. 
This was taken into consideration and plans were presented by Mr. Hardenbrock 
and Mr. Brestede. 

It was resolved, That the gallery opposite the pulpit should be twenty-one feet 
deep; the south gallery .... feet deep. The construction of it was committed to 
the aforesaid carpenters. The posts supporting the gallery shall be of red cedar 
and be ordered from Georgia. The carpenters will make out the statement and 
Mr. Byvank will give the order. 

A building committee was appointed of Theodore van Wyck, Isaac Roosevelt. 
Abram P. Lott, Dirk BrinkerhoCf and Anthony Ten Eyck, a majority of whom 
should be able to act. This committee shall at once request the able men of the 
Ruling and of the Great Consistory, to disburse the necessary money freely for a 
year, so as to delay the longer the payment of interest. 

Resolved, That the seats in the gallery be not sold, but rented, and that the rent 
be paid yearly; otherwise the places to be rented again. 

The same committee as before was appointed to answer the letter last received 
from Amsterdam. They should especially request Mr. Daniel Crommelin, in Am- 
sterdam, and also Mr. Liebenrood, in London, to forward the account of moneys 
expended by them. 

Reverend Dr. Samuel Johnson to Archbishop Seckee. 
Kings College. Necessity of Bishops. Evils of Charter 
Governments. 

Stratford, December 20, 1763. 
May it please Your Grace, 

I humbly ask your Grace's pardon for troubling you so soon again, which I hope 
you will excuse, as I should be extremely wanting in my duty to Your Grace, if 
I did not most gratefully acknowledge your very kind letter of September 28.r- 
I am very glad and thank God, that your health Is not so much Impaired as to 
forbid your giving some attention to business, and I earnestly pray that it may be 
yet again confirmed and lengthened out to the utmost, and the rather, as I am 
extremely afraid that no gentleman can, or may, be found, that will go near to 
make good your Grace's ground, in these times! 

I am surprized Mr. Beache's Book is not come to your hand: I sent a Copy, 
which was promised me to be sent you from Boston, six months ago, and have 
again urged it, and Aplin's (a Lawyer) for so is his name — Mr. Apthorp declined 
answering.— Mr. Caner, (as it is privately said) has made (I think) a pretty good 
answer to Mayhew, with which mine, such as it is, is printed (but I hear Mayhew 
has already replied, still in his own way.) I trust it will soon come to you, and 
that you will not dislike It: He has remarked on their Societies much as your 
Grace mentions. I know of but two or three little Clans of a kind of Christian 
Indians they have, not many more, I believe than Dr. Barclay had. One Mr. 
Wheelock is training up some lads, perhaps to good purpose, and I wish the Society 
would prosecute the Design they once mentioned of training up some Indian Lads 
at King's College.— But I apprehend nothing of much consequence can be done 
without niaking a Government Affair of It, with a wise Bishop and a worthy Clergy- 
man of spirit, who understands French placed at Canada and other places: a thing 
which the sorrowful present depredations loudly call for, that, if possible, they may 
be civilized and converted. 

Did our Benefactors know the real State of things In New England, they would 
allow that Missionaries are as much needed here as in other parts of America: the 



:;!H0 Kcclksiastical lir.roRPs 

r63 

\vllile«t notions are propiigntod here, both on the bUIo of KntbUHlnsin and Infldellly. 
Tlio letloFH of ono Siindenmn, on Tlieron and Aspatin nro much In vogno with many 
and tend to ninrli misriilpf on the one hand, and Hurh rrraturoH as Mnyhcw. no less 
on tlie otlior: Imt I wish more conld be done In the other provlnecs as well as here. 
Dr. Harrlny's defence waH pent to the Society, and I have advised hlin to send 
Your (Jraee a Copy; and also to write In behalf of Mr. Chandler, wlioHe cliarueter 
tnily Is. that of a very faithful Missionary, and ono that hath made mneh pro- 
ficiency In learning nnd especially In Dlvlnlly: I know of none so much to my mind, 
that loves books and reads as much as he.— It would be much for the honour of the 
Church and the Interest of true Uellplon, If there were at least one Doctor In each 
I'rovince, and he should be a (Jomralssary. I wish Mr. Caner had a Doctor's 
DeKree, who well deserves It, and the rather as the dls.<5cnters have three In that 
province and the Church none but Dr. Cutler and he has done.— By a letter lately 
to me from Mr. Cooper, it appears that the Governors of the College have enlarged 
his Salary to his Content. 

It is truly a miserable thing. My Lord, that we no sooner leave fighting our 
neighbours, the P'rench, but we must fall to quarrelling among ourselves: I fear 
the present state of the Ministry is Indeed, very feeble; so that I doubt we must, 
after all our hopes, loose the present Juncture also, for gaining the point we have 
long had so much at heart, and I believe must never exp(>ct another.— Is there then 
nothing more that can be done, either for obtaining Bishops, or demolishing these 
pernicious charter Governments, and reducing them all to one form, in Immediate 
dependence on the King? I can't help calling them pernicious, for they are Indeed 
so, as well to the best good of the people themselves, as to the Interest of tnie 
Religion, as Your Grace remembers I formerly Intimated in some Queries and 
Letters. I would hope Providence may some how bring it about that things may 
be compromised respecting the Ministry, and would it not now be a proper juncture 
for some such general address from the Clergy of these Provinces to the King, as 
I once mentioned to Your Grace? or Is there not probability enough of success yet, 
with regard both to Bishops and Governours, to make It worth while for a Gentle- 
man or two, (who I believe might be procured) to go from hence, to solicit the 
gaining these points? for I doubt nothing will do without solicitation from hence. 
I should be greatly obliged to Your Grace for your .Tudgment and Direction with 
Regard to these things, as soon as may be.— It is indeod too much to trouble Your 
Grace with these afifairs. In your present inlirm state: I therefore humbly beg 
your pardon that I am thus importunate.— I remember you once mentioned his 
Grace of York, as having an extraordinary Talent for Business,* could not he be 
engaged to be active in these affairs?— 

I am much obliged to the Society that they are very desirous to restore me to 

this Mission: Mr. Winslow is gone to Braintree to see whether it will do for him 

to accept it.— If he does, I shall do my best, but it cannot be long before I shall 

need some Assistance.— I am with the greatest Veneration, 

My Lord, 

Your Grace's most obliged most dutiful and obedient humble Servant, 

(signed) Samuel Johnson. 

P. S. December 22. 

Since writing, a sensible good gentleman, has been with me, who has been in 
all the parts of Canada, and a prisoner among the remotest Indians. He speaks 
highly of Mr. Ogilvie at Montreal, and is persuaded with me, that (politically 
speaking) nothing could be of so much consequence to the purpose of civilizing 
and gaining the friendship of the Indians, as well as converting the French, as 
for such a Bishop and Clergy, as above mentioned to be sent thither by the King, 
and the rather, as they have been used to a Bishop of their own.— It would be well 
Hartford, (who desire it, and is but 12 miles off) should be joyned with Middle- 
town under the care of Mr. Jarvice, lately gone for orders. 
To his Grace of Canterbury. 

—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vii. pp. .591-3. 

Origin of St. Paul's Church, ]^ew York City. 1763. 

On the 5th of April, 176."?, we find the first mention of the proceedings which 
resulted in the erection of the second Chapel of Ease, subsequently known as St. 



OF THE State of New York. 3911 

1763 

Paul's, and still standing, the sole surviving ecclesiastical building of the colonial 
period in this city. A committee consisting of Mr. Reade, Mr. Marston, Mr. Hors- 
mandeu, Mr. Hanson, and Mr. Desbrosses, or any two of them, was authorized 
"to enquire and look out for a proper and convenient Lott of ground in this City 
whereon to erect a New Church and report their opinion to this board with all 
convenient speed". 

Records of Trinity, i. 309. 

"This movement", observes Da Costa, "may have been and probably was 
encouraged by the state of things existing in the Dutch congregation. Already 
preaching in the Dutch language had become unpopular among the younger por- 
tion of the Dutch congregation, which, it was thought by not a few showed signs 
of diminution. The better portion of the people were now familiar, in some fair 
measure, with both English and Dutch, and intermarriages were also doing their 
peculiar work. The young people improved every opportunity of worshiping at 
Trinity, the 'English Church', and there was a loud call for a minister in the 
Dutch Church who could preach in both languages. Finally it was resolved to 
supply the deficiency, and the Rev. Archibald Laidlie, a Scotchman, was called, 
through the agency of the Amsterdam Classis from Zeeland. He arrived early in 
1764 when new life sprang up in the Dutch congregation. Some, however, were 
dissatisfied, and wanted all the services in Dutch. Accordingly they commenced 
a suit in the Courts against the Dutch Corporation. This failing they said that 
they would have either all Dutch or all English. Hence there was a renewed 
movement in the direction of Trinity Church with which body the Dutch had been 
on the kindest terms from its foundation. An established Church, too, was in 
accordance with all their ideas, their own Corporation having been recognized as 
the establishment down to the occupation of New Netherlands by the English. 
Therefore the defection could not be stayed, and Peter Van Brugh Livingston 
said that if the change in the Dutch Church had been made thirty years earlier 
they would not have met with such losses, but, as it stood, the greater half of 
Trinity consisted of accessions from the Dutch Church. April 15 of this year, 
(1764,) the first English sermon was heard in the Middle Dutch Church, but the 
unwillingness of the Dutch to recognize the necessity of English preaching had 
already gone far, though not, perhaps, so far as indicated by Mr. Livingston. 
Nevertheless the growth of Trinity parish was rapid, and the third edifice was not 
commenced any too soon". 

From a manuscript in possession of Dr. Dfx. Dix's Hist. Trinity, 1, 302-3. 

Other Items in 1763. 

Collections ordered in Presbyterian churches for evangelizing 
the Indians. 

Jan. 18. Schoolteacher Smith to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. 
Hist. K Y. 4to. ed. IV. 208. 

Jan. 20. Rev. Wheelock to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. 
ls\ y. IV. 207. 

April 2. Mr.Weyman, (printer of the Indian Prayer Book), 
to Rev. Barclay. Doc. Hist. IT. Y. IV. 209. 

April 2, Rev. Wheelock to Gen. Amherst. Doc. Hist. 'N. Y. 
IV. 210. 

April 29. Sir Wm. Johnson to Rev. Barclay. Doc. Hist. 
K. Y. IV. 211. 

May 16. Rev. Wheelock to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. 
KY.IV. 211. 



1701 



::<,n_' Ecclesiastical Records 

May. 2.'}. r.on. Aniliorst to Mv. Wlioclork. I)..c. Hist. X. Y. 
IV. 212. 

Aup. S. Kcv. Hr. T^arclay to Rnv. S. .Tohnson. Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. IV. 212. 

Oct. 20. Mr. WoNniiaii. (printer of Indian Prayor I'ook) to 
Bev. Dr. Darclay. Doc. Hist, N. Y. IV. 213. 

Dec. 21>. llcv. Lappius (Loppius or Lupp?) to Sir V\'in. John- 
son. Doc. Hist. N. Y. IV. '21 1. 



CiiuRCJi OF New York. 
Xow CImrcli. Increased Accomodations. 

New York, January 8. 1764. 

Conslstorj' bold— the two ministers being 8lck. 

There were present; Elders: S. Johnson, Jakobns Roosevelt, Jorls Brlnker- 
hoflf, Theodore Van Wyck, J. Bogart, Jr., William de Poyster. Deacons: Isaac 
Roosevelt, P. Keteltas, D. Brlnkerhoff, J. Hardenbrock, Gerard Duyking, Jacobus 
Bogart. 

The building of the gallery In the New Church being taken Into further con- 
sideration, It was Resolved, That opposite the pulpit It shall be twenty-one feet 
deep, and not less than eleven feet high. The South gallery to be fifteen feet 
deep and of the same height; and that Messrs. Ilardonbrook and Brestede with the 
committee appointed In the previous Consistory, provide such posts for the gallery 
as they shall deem best, also further to provide all the other materials necessary; 
and for this the Consistory will furnish the required funds. 

Messrs. W. de Peyster, P. Keteltas and Isaac Roosevelt or any two of them, 
were appointed to rent the church house and grounds; also to sell at public vendue 
by March 22nd at the Coffee House In New York, the place on the Manor where 
Jakob Lent lives, and the other lands belonging to the church, there, except the 
church; and that they give notice thereof by advertisement In the newspapera. 



Sir Willta:^! Joiinsox to the Lords or Trade. 

Missionaries to the Indians. American Bishopric. Jesuit 

Missions. 

Johnson Hall, January 20th, 1764. 
My Lords, 

I had the honour of writing to your Lordshipps on the 18th of last November, 
by Mr. Croghan, one of my deputys, wherein I rcpre.'^ented the state of my Depart- 
ment, with the sentiments, claims, numbers etc. of the several Indian Nations In 
obedience to your letter of the 5th of August last. 

And that for our further security, they consent that the several Jesuit Missions, 
those fountains of discord, be abolished, which may be the readier efTected, as 
that Society Is no longer tolerated In France. The Lands, which will revert to 
the Crown by their abolition will endow a Bishoprick In Canada, as well as pro- 
vide for a number of inferior Clergy, who might be employed greatly to the 
advantage of Ills Majesty's interest, and I cannot help observing that the estab- 
lishment of Episcopacy there, under a Resident Bishop, would not only generally 
strengthen the Church of England, but prove a means of adding in a few years a 



OF THE State of New York. 3913 

1764 

number of faithful subjects to the Crown, who can not at present be considered 
in that light. 

My Lords, 

Your Lordshlpps most obedient and most humble servant, 

Wm. Johnson. 
—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. Til. pp. 599, 600, 602. 

Gekman Eefoemed Church, New York. 
Call of the Rev. Johann Michael Kern. 

Xew York, January 2.5th, 1764. 
Reverend Sir, 

The German Reformed Congregation in New York having written to Germany for a 
minister to come over, and you having, by the goodness of God, arrived on the 18th 
of October, 1763, and having preached to us several times, to our great edification ; 
the Consistory of the above named church, with the consent of the undersigned mem- 
bers of the congregation, have resolved to call, according to the regulations of the 
church, you. the Rev. Johann Micheal Kern, to be a shepherd and teacher of the 
above named German Reformed Congregation in New York. 

We, the undersigned, members of the Consistory for this purpose assembled, In 
the name of the whole congregation, and In the presence of the Rev. Lambeth De 
Ronde, minister of the Dutch Reformed Church here, after prayer to GOd, do call 
you, the Rev. Johann Micheal Kern, to be a shepherd and teacher of the German 
Reformed Church here, in New York, to preach God's word truly and faithfully, to 
administer his holy sacraments, to explain the Heidelberg Catechism, to administer 
the discipline of the church, in one word, do all that becomes the office of a faithful 
servant of Jesus Christ, according to his holy word and as the order of the church 
may demand. Also, for the regvilarity of the public worship, we require you to 
preach on every Sunday two sermons, and when the Consistory may think right, and 
your health permit, also once during the week, viz : Wednesday evening during the 
winter season. 

We further require you to administer the holy sacrament after a suitable prepara- 
tory lecture, four times a year, viz : the last of every third month, according to the 
custom of the Low Dutch Church here. And we. In consideration of the above, • 
promise to pay you the yearly sum of one hundred pounds. New York currency. In 
four quarterly payments, so long as you shall, being spared in good health, conduct 
the service in the above manner. We further promise to pay the sum of twenty-five 
pounds for house rent. These Bums to be paid until the church shall be able to 
Increase the amount. 

This we. the undersigned, promise to do with the understanding that In under- 
signing, we will do our best not only to hand our minister what is or may be 
subscribed, but also what may be wanting from the treasury of the church, which 
shall also be agreed to by the elders and deacons who may be chosen from time to 
time, hereafter. 

We present this call for you, the Rev. Johann Micheal Kern's, consideration, in 
the hopes that in the fear of the Lord you will accept it, not doubting but that the 
Lord will crown all with his blessing. Lastly, we promise to love and honor you 
with the honor and love due to a faithful teacher, praying the great shepherd Jesus 
Christ to bless this act to the glory of his holy name and the saving of souls. 
Done in Consistory meeting. New York, 26th January, 1764. 
In the presence of 

Lambertus De Ronde, V. D. M. 
Johannes Will, Sebastian Stephany, Johannes Meyer — Elders. 
Abram Lung, Hans Zurcher — Elders. 
Heinrich Croo, Heinrich Will — Deacons. 
Johann Muller, M. II. W. Hauswick — Church Masters. 

I promise to fulfil faithfully the conditions of the above call according to the best 
of my power through the strength, that God shall give me. 

John Micheal Kern, V. D. M. 

104 



1764 



;!!»! 1 ICCCLKSIASTICAL IvKCOUDH 

Ciiuijcii OK Xkw York. 
Salary lists. Adrian Van der Smaii diwliarf^od. 

New York. IVbruary 10, 1704. 
ConslBfory held aftrr cnlling on Goil'g name. 

1. John Montnnye dcllverod various Mats of nnmca. Thcac boRnn with the year 
1744 and ran to 1703, Inclusive; but of these yoara. four were wnnilnn. TIiohp wlilrh 
wore found wrro also In many roHpccts defective: for Montajrne lind received nearly 
£400. more than he had. from time to time, kIvcu over to the Consistory. The 
ConwlHtory. having considered the matter, condemned Montn^oie to pay the sum of 
£'JOu. for which he should give a bond payable In a year ; but as he refused to 
accept that favorable resolution, he shall be responsible for the whole. 

2. It came before the Consistory that some members refused to pay the full 
subscription on the ministers' lists. Thereupon It was Resolved, That from no one 
should less be taken than they had subscribed, except only those who from lack of 
means were unable. 

In name etc., 

L. de Ronde, p. t. President. 

(No date; but February 1764.) 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Mr. Adrlanus Van der Sman was summoned before the Consistory. When he 
appeared there were shown to him two documents sent from Amsterdam by the 
Deputies of the Classis, in the name of the Synod of North Holland, to dominie 
Rltzema, that he might defend himself. These he confessed to have written with 
his own hand ; the one In the name of dominie Ritzema, the other. In that of the 
Consistory of Sagertje. Thereupon, the Consistory felt bound In conscience before 
God to discharge him from service in this congregation as Visitor of the Sick and 
Catechist, and also to require him to give up the house which he occupied, to the 
Consistory by the first of May next. 
Signed etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 



The Church of Xew York to the Classis of Amsterdam. 

]\LvRCH 8, 1764. 

Adrain Van dep. Sman. Rev. Laidlie Expected. 

Reverend Fathers and Brethren In Christ : — 

The Consistory of the Dutch Church of New York, find themselves under the 
greatest obligations to you. The bundle of letters sent on the third of October last, 
(1763) by way of Philadelphia, to domine Ritzema, was received here on the 
eighteenth of February. (1764) and the contents have been noted. We are 
especially concerned to apprize you, that we perceived to our sorrow concerning the 
letters to the Christian Synod of North Holland, received back by dominie Ritzema, 
that the person guilty of this extreme act of deception, is our Visitor of the Sick 
and Catechist, Adrianus Van der Sman. He sought by letters, forged In the name 
of dominie Ritzema and the congregation of Sagertje, to Intrude into the ministry. 
Wherefore we felt ourselves bound, not only to suspend him from the Lord's Table, 
till his proper repentance, but also to dismiss him from the office he had hitherto 
held among us. The offence he has committed Is so great that his confusion and 
avowal, are not judged sufficient to allow his restoration. 

As to your letter to the two old Consistories and the other members, that they 
should submit to the resolution of the Consistory — this is very acceptable to us. It 
could be wished that It would have the proper influence upon parties hitherto 
immovable, who appear to be amenable to no power of reason. But they are 
stiffnecked and adhere to a course so destructive of our peace. There appears to be 
no settlement attainable except by the civil law. 



OF THE State of New York. 3915 

1764 

Domine Laidly Is eagerly expected and we doubt not he Is now upon the great 
ocean, although we are not sure just when he embarked. His coming is the only 
hope we have of attaining the desired issue. We shall make known our affairs to 
you by the first opportunity after his arrival. 

We subscribe ourselves with esteem, 
Your servants, etc., 
In name etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 
N. B. There being no opportunity of writing from here, we have written thus 
briefly, that the letter may go in the paquet, (packet.) 



Gallery in ISTew Chuech. 

New York, March 8, 1764. 
Consistory held etc. 

Resolved, That the committee on the building of the Gallery in the New Church 
shall collect the materials therefor, according to the newly approved plan thereof. 

That the Deacons shall collect the bond of Joseph Forman & Co., for £600., and 
use the money for the building of the gallery. 

That the sum of three Hundred Pounds now in the hands of the Treasurer, shall 
not be put out. The committee shall have power to use so much as is needed of it, 
until the money appointed for them cornea in. 
Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

New York, March 14, 1764. 
Great Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The plan of alterations in the New Church was presented and unanimously 
approved by them. The consistory requested to go on with it. 

Messrs. Cornelius Clopper, Evert Bancker and Abram Lott were appointed to 
arrange the benches in the order they now are in relation to the pulpit, with the 
approbation of the consistory. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Van der Smajst. 

New York, March 18, 1764. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

A request was presented from some catechumens of Mr. Adrlanus Van der Sman, 
desiring his restoration to the office of Catechist. 

The Consistory, after consideration unanimously replied that they adhered to their 
former resolution In relation to Van der Sman. Meanwhile the ministers offered to 
do the catechizing, and those who desired to be catechized by Mr. Welp could have 
him provisionally appointed for that purpose. 
In name etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Classis of Amsterdam, 

Acts of the Deputies, March 19, 1764. (See April 2, 1764.) 

Eeplies to letters from abroad. 

Bev. De Ronde's Translation of the Catechism. 

Some replies were read to letters from abroad, and these were 

approved by the Assembly: 



•••*l'j E(x:lesiastical Kkcoiids 

1764 

To Kov. r.oorpro van ]'>soii, ministor at St. Kimtatius; to be 
fomi«l in Krrord Hook, \'ol. 2, No. 140.* 

To IIov. Barak ITonvink, niinist<^r on the island of St. i\rartin ; 
to be found in Ivfcord Book, Vol. 2, Xo. 141.* 

To the ministers in New York, who are railed the O.nfercntie 
Brethren. See Record Book, Vol. 2, Xo. 142.* 

A letter was read bv the Deputies from Bev. de Ronde, minister 
at Xew York, This was accompanied with a report, on a pam- 
phlet which he had written on the Heidelberg Catechism, in the 
English language, vnth the request that Classis should apy)rove it. 
With it came a book, styled, ''Marshall on Gospel-Sanctification." 
This he considered harmful, and would gladly see that Classis 
disapproved it. 

The Classis allowed the same to be examined by the English 
minister and Colleague, Buurt. Classis approves his book (De 
Ronde's) on condition that in the Preface, or at the conclusion, he 
express himself clearly and soundly on the mystery of the " Pro- 
cession of the Holy Spirit." On this he has said nothing. 

But Classis is of opinion that Marshall (on Sanctification), hav- 
ing been already published in Dutch with the approval of the Clas- 
sis of Leyden, does not now come under its jurisdiction ; but will 

upon this matter , each one until the next 

meeting. (See Bibliography, under De Ronde, in Corwin's 
Manual, p. 418; 4th ed. 1902). Vol. xxiv. 95. 

Church of Xew York. 
Seats in the New CnrRCH. 

New York, March 23, 1764. 

There was laid before the Consistory an improved plan of arranging the seats In 
the New Church, prepared by Messrs. C. Clopper, Evert Bancker alid Abram Lett, 
Jr., which was approved. 

Signed etc. 

J. Rltzema, p. t. President. 

Arrival of Rev. Archibald Laidlie. 

New York, April 1, 1764. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Domine Archibald Laidlie delivered the evidences of his call to be Teacher In thla 
congregation. These were read with much satisfaction. Whereupon he was Intro- 



•Vol. 2. here, evidently means Part II. See Introduction of these "Ecclesiastical 
Records of New York," Vol. 1, page 21. The reference is to Vol. 31, as the books In 
the Archives of Classis of Amsterdam are now numbered. 



OF THE State of New York. 3917 

1764 
duced Into the consistory and received as such, with prayers for his person and 
worli. 

Signed etc. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 



Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel. Prayer Books. Infidelity. Quakerism. 

Jamaica, March 26, 1764. 
Reverend Sir : — 

My last letter to the Honorable Society bore date October 4, 1763 wherein I 
acknowledged receipt of the Prayer books & pious tracts they were pleased to order 
for this Mission, most of which I have now carefully dispersed in such a manner 
as I thought would best promote the pious end proposed by them. 

From an acquaintance of more than Six years with the people of this Parish, I 
find that their backwardness to attend the Public Worship & to comply with the 
Christian Sacraments, is not entirely the consequence of want of thought and 
earnestness which I at first apprehended to be the case, but am convinced is owing 
chiefly to the Influence of Infidelity and Quakerism which have spread their corrupt 
Principles to a surprising degree. The cause of Infidelity in this Country seems to 
have had some early & zealous advocates & the conduct of the Quakers has very 
much favoured its increase — They trusting only to their Light within and neglecting 
to give their children any religious education expose them unguarded to the allure- 
ments of Vice & Sensual pleasure & they of course embrace the Principles that lay 
them under the least restraint, hence it comes to pass that in those villages where 
the Quakers were formerly most numerous, there is now the least appearance of any 
Religion at all. 

From this view of things I am sometimes almost discouraged & fear it will not be 
in my power to do them any effectual service. It is with great difficulty that many 
are brought to attend divine Service, with still greater to submit to Baptism, 
because they think that they can do as good without it, & as profitably empowered at 
home as at Church — And if one is prevailed upon to receive the holy Communion 
once or twice it is much if he comes again. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 198, 199. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Report of the Deputies ad res Exteras. 

English, in the Church at St. Martins. 
1764, April 2nd. Art. 4, The Deputies report in the case of 
Rev. Barch (or Bach) Honwink, that in compliance with the 
resolution of Classis, thev conferred first with Rev. Longeville, 
because he had received several letters about this matter from the 
island of St. Maartens from the father of Rev. Runnels, written in 
the English language, and thus was in a condition to give further 
information in this affair to the Depp. ; and subsequently they 
conferred also with the Messrs. Directors. From the latter they 
understood that these gentlemen had resolved to write to the 
Governor, etc., on St. Maartens, and to declare that they did not 



ninS ECCLESIASTICAI. Hi:roiU)S 

17G4 

}ironoiinoc' tlionisplvrs in tlio juilicnlurc upon llio ortlnxloxv or un- 
orthodoxy of Rev. Kunnels ; also that they did not wish to rob 
the inliabit^int8 of that colony of the free exercise of their reli^on, 
provided this did not nin countnr to the police [or eood order] 
and to pood morals ; but that in the refonned churches, subordi- 
nate to the S^Tiod of Xorth Holland and the Classis of Amster- 
dam, the Reformed doctrines, in accordance with the decision of 
the Synod of Dort, must be taught; furthermore that they are 
surprised that "^nthout the knowledge and consent of the Messrs. 
Directors, an attempt had been made to build a new church for 
the English, and to call a minister thereto. It was ordered that 
the aifair be restored in integrum, and to take care, that the Dutch 
minister sent thither by the Directors, suffer no loss in his emolu- 
ments, until this affair be further determined on by the Assembly 
of Ten. With this report the Rev. Classis is content, and further 
recommends the case to the Messrs. Depp. The Depp, also read 
the letter in reply to Rev. Honwink, which was approved, with 
the thanks of Classis. xiii. 382, 383. 

Letteks. 

Art. 5. There were read and approved, letters from the Rev. 
Deputies ad res Exteras, written to Rev. George van Essen V. D. 
M., at St. Eustatius ; also to the preachers who constitute the so- 
called Conferentie-meeting of New York. The Depp, with the 
thanks of the Classis were requested to forward them. 

There was also read a letter from Rev. Lambertus de Ronde, 
minister at Xew York. Therewith he had sent a little book* to 
the Messrs. Depp, composed by him on the Heidelberg Catechism, 
in the English language, which he wished to be approved by our 
Classis. This booklet having been examined by the English rain- 

*The full title of this book Is as follows. "A system containing the principles of 
the Christian Religion, suitable to the Heidelberg Catechism, by plain questions and 
answers, useful for the information of all persons in the true Confession of Faith ; 
and necessary towards their preparation for that awful and solemn ordinance, The 
Lord's Supper.— To which is prefixed a particular address to parents in general, 
showing the relation they stand under to their children, to instruct them in the 
principles of the Cliristian Religion. And to which is added an application upon 
the whole system. 16 mo. pp. 185. New York 17C3". 

This is the first book in the English language, published by a member of the 
Reformed Dutch Church in America. It was prepared a short time before the call 
of Laidlie, to meet the growing necessity of Instruction in English. De Ronde him- 
self had offered to preach in English, if his consistory thought him qualified. But 
they did not think him capable. 



OP THE State of New York. 3919 

1764 

isters and Eev. Budde, they reported that they had found nothing 
miorthodox in it ; only not a word was said in it of the " Proces- 
sion of the Holy Spirit." (See Acts, Feb. 4, 1765.) Also in one 
place he speaks obscurely of the immediate imputation of Adam's 
guilt, although this is treated more clearly in another place. The 
Classis takes much pleasure in the advice of the Messrs. Depp., 
and requests that an answer be written to the above effect; also 
at the same time that it be suggested to him, that if it be printed 
again, it should be issued in purer English by persons who are 
better acquainted with the English tongue. The Classis approves 
of the book on condition that in the Preface, or at the close, he 
express himseK clearly and in an orthodox manner upon the " Pro- 
cession of the Holy Ghost." 

The Depp, also received from this same Eev. de Ronde a book 
by Eev. Marshal on Sanctification written in English. He asked 
to have this disapproved, after examination. 

Having asked the advice of the Eev. Classis on this matter, 
the Eev. Classis judged that it did not belong under our jurisdic- 
tion, for the same book had been translated into Dutch, and ap- 
proved by the Classis of Leyden. The Eev. Classis will postpone 
this matter until the next meeting, xiii. 383, 384. (See March 
19, 1764.) 

(Jakson.) 
Art. 6. A letter was read from Eev. Jakson to the Depp, ad 
res Exteras. It was resolved to answer him briefly, that we 
neither can nor will bother ourselves about him any more. We 
therefore earnestly request him to write no more letters of such 
contents, as he has done, that we need not be compelled to send 
them back unopened, xiii. 384. 

Pennsylvania. 
Art. 8. There were read extracts from a letter from Eev. 
Stapel; also from a letter from two elders of Amwyl, (Amwell, 
K. J.) These may be seen more at length in the Acta Deputa- 
torum. 



1764 



3020 ErCLESIASTK'AI. RlXORDS 

Also oxtraots from tlic Cootus of Pennsylvania. 

The letters of Rev. Stflpol, and of the two elders of Amwvl, 
were answered by a letter prepared by the Rev. Depp., which, 
having been read, was approved by the Classis for forwarding, 
xiii. 384. 

The Cla.'^si.s of Amsterdam to the Conferentie, Aphil 2, 
17G1. Vol. 31, Page 219. No. 142. 

To the Uev. Gentlemen wbo call themselves the Conferentie, 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren:— 

In our letter of Oct. 3, 176.3, we g.ive the action of the Christian Synod of North 
noll.nnd In the ease between the so-called Coetus and yourselves, together with 
the opinion of the Classis of Amsterdam. We now send you a copy of the Acts of 
the recent Synod of North Holland, (1763). In which you will find the basis on 
which their action rests. We request that these Acts be sent around to all the 
brethren who remain euborflinate to the Classis, and to such alone; for the Classis 
cannot keep up correspondence with those who cut themselves off by withdrawing 
from the subordination formerly established. A copy of the Article referring to 
the so-called Coetus brethren has been given to Rev. (Jacob R.) Hardenbergh, to be 
delivered to them, as well as another message from us on this matter. It would 
be very agreeable to us to learn that some good effect were produced thereby, and 
that subordination to the Cassis were re-established. For such reasons Is It that 
we desire the said Acts to be circulated. Now the God of Peace himself give you 
peace always by all means, and make us glad by seeing your good order. May 
the salvation of his right hand be under you with power. 
We remain. 

Yours with esteem and brotherly love. 
Rev. Sirs and Brethren, 

In the name of the Classis, 

Johannes do Lange, Depp. Cl. h. t. Praesls. 

Wlnoldus Budde ' Scrlba. 

In our Classical Assembly, 

Amsterdam, April 2, 1764. 
In addition we send also herewith the Acts (of the Synod of North Holland) of 
1762, which, for certain reasons we could not send last year. We have received 
the call from Queens County, together with a letter of Rev. Rltzema, at only slight 
expense. Yesterday, we heard of one candidate, (Boelen?) and next week we 
expect to hear of another. According to our opinion, each of these can be intro- 
duced into some field. 

CHrRcii OF New York. 
The Dutch Party versus English Preaching. 

New York, April 4, 1764, 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Mr. Abel Hardenbrook, John Tlebout, etc., made a proposal of peace to the 
Consistory. They said this was done in the name of the Dutch Party. It 
amounted, In short, to this: That the Consistory should be so chosen In future, 
that the Consistory under the English minister should be limited to the New 
Church, and the Consistory for the Dutch ministers, to the Old Church; that those 
for the New Church should provide for the payment of the English minister, and 
those for the Old Church should do this for the Dutch ministers; both should con- 
stitute one Congregation and Consistory, and no independence should be allowed In 
our pulpit; that this proposition should be added to the Eight Articles and sealed 



OP THE State op New York. 3921 

1764 

with the Church Seal, and deposited with the oldest Dutch minister as an agree- 
ment between the Consistory and the Congregation, (that part) which hitherto had 
been against an English minister, and this should be a complete satisfaction of the 
same. 

The Reply: 1. That the resolution of the Consistory was to allow no one, of 
whatever persuasion, in our pulpit, but to keep it for those only who had been 
ordained by the Classis of Amsterdam, or by their order, or, who at least stood in 
the communion of our church and had subscribed the Standards of Doctrine. 

2. That the Consistory thought that the preservation of the Dutch Church and 
Its privileges was secured more surely by the Eight Articles than by what was 
now proposed. 

3. That as to those who on the Dutch side should be chosen to office, and were 
disinclined to subscribe for the security of the salary of domine Laidlie, the Con- 
sistory would release them from the obligation. This, therefore, could be no hin- 
drance in the way of their being chosen and ordained. 

4. That the Consistory was not disinclined to seal the Eight Articles, with the 
addition proposed, if it did not conflict with the Call already made on domine 
Laidlie. Therefore a document should be drawn up with a slight change or 
further explanation which it was hoped would satisfy them. And so they sepa- 
rated, well contented. 

Signed etc., 

J. Rltzema, p. t. President. 

New York, April 9th, 1764. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Mr. Jakobus Stoutenburg, William Elswout and Teunis Tiebout appeared, and 
proposed to reason with the Consistory on various matters relative to the dispute; 
and how they were inclined to peace and harmony. It was judged, that this could 
not be regularly done, before and until Mr. Stoutenburg and they in whose name 
he spoke, regularly recognized the Consistory. Then they would be in a condition 
to answer him. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Church of New York. 
Translation of the Catecliism. Type for the Psalm Eook, etc. 

New York, May 1st, 1764. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. A request was presented for the appointment of a committee to revise some 
proofs of the Heidelberg Catechism, Confession, Formularies, etc. Consent was 
given that domine Laidlie should call such a committee as often as was judged 
proper, and should summon Messrs. Theodore van Wyck, Isaac Roosevelt, D. 
Brinckerhoff, and others whom they should please to call In. 

2. The same committee was directed to examine the accounts of domine Laidlie 
in reference to the expenses of his call, and to repay to Mr. Daniel Crommelin the 
money he had expended. 

3. It was rosjolved. to send to Holland, to Messrs. Longueville and Bllnshall for 
type for the Psalm Book, and that to each of these gentlemen £2.5., New York 
currency, should be given, in acknowledgement of their trouble In furthering the 
call on domine Laidlie, and that this sum should be laid out on a piece of silver, 
such as would best please these parties, with the "Arms" of our corporation on 
the same. 

4. Resolve, That the pillars of the gallery be carried through to the roof of the 
church to support the same. The above mentioned committee will attend to this. 

5. That a letter of thanks be sent to the Classis for their trouble, in this matter, 
domine Ritzema will compose it. And also a letter to the same effect to Messrs. 
Schelluyne. Winoldiis Bndde and Dr. Kennedy. 

6. That Mr. J. de Peyster be directed to rent out for one year the house which 
Mr. Adrian Van der Sman has hitherto occupied. 



1764 



[)'2'2 EccLESiASTicAi- llKconos 

7. Thnt Mr. John Monfanj-e, Jr., be ordorod 1o pny tlio monoyB coll«vfort to Mr. 
Jnkohu* Itoonovplt. 

8. It wnB pro|>oiicd to build a uniHll rhnnibor In the New Chiirrh, to nerve at a 
room In which the mlnlstpr ohm rpfroiih hlin»clf before and after prenchlng. Tbia 
w«» n'^rrred for further ronaldemtlon. 

9. Aldornifln Hojrnrt, Abram Lott. Tetor Koteltaa and Jacob I><' Uoy were 
appointed to look over the vnrnnt ■ente In both chnrehea and repnrt coneemlnK 
them to the ConRl»fory, that thiy may be dlnpoKed of to the aatlKfnrtlon of the 
penona Interested. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ultzciiifl, p. t. Prr'alilf-nt. 

Acts of the Classis of Am.stkkuam. 
Letters. 
17G4, May Ttli. Art. 3. The Messrs. Deputies ad res Extoras 
read 1. A letter from New York of John Ritzema, dated March 
8, 1764; 2, A letter from John Ritzema as President of the con- 
sistory, to our Classis ; 3. Also one from George van Essen, V. D. 
M. at St. Eustatius, of February 18, 1764. xiii. 385. 

Hev. Jaksox. 

Art. 4 ad 6. Regarding the answer to the letter of Rev. 

Jakson, the Messrs. Deputies reported that they themselves had 

not written, but they had requested a certain gentleman to do so. 

He had agreed thereto. With this the Classis is content, xiii. 

385. 

Church of New York. 

Repairs. 

New York, May 14th, 1704. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. There came up a dispute about certain seats in the New Church. Recorder 
Johnson, Jakobus Roosevelt, Alderman Bogart, Mr. Keteltas, Abram Lott and 
Jacob Le Roy were appointed a committee to take action. 

2. Since the consistory at present has no money in hand to complete the New 
Church, six hundred pounds shall be taken on interest from Gerardus W. Beekman 
and a bond given therefor. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. Preeident. 

Versification of the Psalms in English. 

New York, May 22nd. 1764. 

1. On the 17th of May a bond for £600 was given to James Jauncey at seven 
per cent, in place g/ the one given to Beekman. 

2. That Mr. Evert Byvank be released from his engagement to ver.sify the 
Psalms in English in the same manner as they are versified in Dutch; and that 
the committee, with Mr. Hopkins, inquire in reference to the best method of doing 
this according to the genius of the English tongue, and that the versifying be done 
accordingly. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 



OF THE State of New York. 3923 

1764 

Acts of the Chassis of Amsterdam. 

Letters to the Consistory of IN'ew York, and to Lambertus de 
Ronde. 
1764, June 4th. Art. 5. The Messrs. Deputies read a letter 
to the Consistory of IsTew York, and also a letter to Rev. Lam- 
bertus de Ronde, minister at New York. Both of these the Clas- 
sis approved, and directed them to be forwarded, xiii. 387. 

The Classis of Amstekdam to Rev. De Ronde, June 4, 1764. 
Vol. 31, Page 220. :N^o. 143. 

To Rev. Lambertus De Ronde, pastor at New York, 

Rev. Sir and Beloved Brother:— 

According to our letter of April 2, 1764, you have learned that your English 
Catechism was approved by the Classis upon condition that you expressed your- 
self clearly and soundly, either in the Preface or in the Conclusion upon the 
mystery of the Procession of the Holy Ghost. In reference to the book of 
Marshall (on Sanctiflcation) the Classis was of opinion that It was beyond her 
jurisdiction, but the matter would be considered in another Assembly. Subse- 
quently on March 7, 1764, this matter was brought up. We accordingly notify you 
that the Classis, upon further information, still holds to her former resolution, that 
Marshall's book lies outside of her jurisdiction. Having nothing more to write, 
we commit you to God and the Word of his Grace, while we remain, affectionately. 
Rev. Sir and Brother, 

Your obedient servants and brethren. 

In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

Winoldus Budde, Depp. CI. h. t. Praesis. 
John Kalkoen " " " " Scriba. 
In our Classical Assembly, Amsterdam, June 4, 1764. 



The Classis of AmstepuDam to the Consistory^ of ISTew York, 
June 4, 1764. Vol. 31, Page 220. 'No. 144. 

To the Rev. Consistory of New York, 

Rev. Sirs and Beloved Brethren:— 

It was with satisfaction that we received your letter of March 8, 1764. It came 
to us by means of the packet-boat not only quickly, but also with little expense. 
What has been to you a matter of trouble, has been to us far from a matter of 
ioy: namely, that the Catechist and Visitor of the Sick, Adrian Van der Swan, 
had practised such deception on us, forging letters in the name of Rev. Ritzema 
and of the congregation of Jagertio (Saugerties). and had thus attempted to force 
himself Into the ministry. It is a great satisfaction to us that you have sus- 
pended him, and deprived him of every office. This, of course, we unanimously 
approve. We do not suppose that the Lord Mayor of New York is a man who 
will now give him a license to preach and catechise elsewhere, or encourage him 
in any way. We advise you, if the Lord Mayor should encourage him in his dis- 
orderly conduct, that you oppose it in as kind a way as possible. 

It will be a matter of great satisfaction to us to hear of harmony restored 
among the members of your Consistory. Did our former letter produce any 
effect? We hope that the God of Peace may bind these brethren together again. 



:V.)'2\ ECCI.KSIASTICAL RECORDS 

mill that otir PxhorlntloiiR linve heon blrnacd to tills oiul. Wo nlso hope thnf Rot. 
Mr. Lcndly. (Lnlilll<<). who, we trust, hnB nlrcndy nrrlvpil. mny bpcoino a gront 
iiibtruni«-nl of piod ninniiK yon, nml that the blosKlnK of the I-onl may rpst upon 
him. Mny tho (;n'at Kliic, who rolgns ovpr his Churrh by his Son. bo your wisdom 
and strppRih In all yotir ministry. May his uraco be KUlflcknt for you, and his 
powpr snstain you In yonr wpakness. 
We remain nffoctlonatoly yours. 

Rev. Sirs and Ilolovod Brethren. 
Your servants and brothren, 

In thp name of tlip Classls of Anistordam, 

Wlnoldns Unddc, Dppp. CI. h. 1. I'raeBls. 

Joh. Kalkocn, " Scrlba. 

In our ("Inssloal Assembly, 

Amsterdam, June 4, 1764. 

Church of 'N'ew York. 
Translation of the Catechism Completed. 

New York, June .5th, 1764. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. The HeldelberK Catechism In English was presented by the committee. It 
had been prepared by them from translations already existing. This translation, 
having been compared by the consistory with the Dutch, to their satisfaction, was 
approved and ordered to be printed. 

2. It was stated to be necessary to take oflC the roof of the New Church This 
was unanimously agreed to. 

3. That Mr. Amthony ten Eyck shall from this time on, receive proper Interest 
for his disbursements. 

Signed etc., 

J. Rltzema, p. t. President. 

German Reformed Church, New York. 

New York, June 18th, 1764. 
Present all the members of the Consistory. 

Domlne Kern Informed the meeting that he had been Invited by the two Dutch 
Ministers, the Rev. Dms. Ritzema and De Ronde. to attend a Conferentle meeting, to 
be held the following day. Dm. Kern further stated that according to the church 
records, dated 28th October, 1763, It had been resolved " that this church, for the 
better preservation of the same, attach themselves to the Classls of Amsterdam, and 
that now was the time for them, according to their knowledge and conscience to give 
their votes upon the subject. 

Resolved. Unanimously, That subordination to the Classls of Amsterdam Is for 
the good of the Church, better than It, In an Independent state, can be kept. That 
the necessary credentials shall be prepared ready for signature. At the same time 
the credentials were prepared, read and signed as per copy page, 9. 

Copy. 

Most honorable and much esteemed Brethren. 

We the undersigned, duly elected members of the Consistory of the German 
Reformed Church here, were minded for some time past, for the better providing 
for the good of our church to unite with the honorable Classls of Amsterdam. And 
our Minister having been invited by the Rev. Dms. Ritzema and de Ronde to be 
present at a meeting of the honorable Synod of North Holland, on the 19th Inst., 
at the taking of tne final vote. We have taken the matter again into consideration, 
and find no reason for altering our previous determination. 



OF THE State of New York. 



3925 



1764 



We therefore deputise by this writing not only our much beloved Pastor the Rev. 
Johan Micheal Kern, but also our christian brother Sebasti Stephany as elder, to 
appear in our behalf before the honorable Classls of Amsterdam to deliberate and 
advise, and conclude with the assembled Ministers and Elders, that the word of God 
and the regulations of our dearly beloved church may recommend for the present 
as well as for the future welfare of the whole Low Reformed Dutch Church In this 
Province, and ours in particular. 

May the Spirit of Wisdom and Peace be with the assembled Ministers and Elders 
In all their deliberations and actions, and may all redound to the glory of his holy 
name and the extension of the kingdom of Jesus. 
With the greatest respect. 

Johannes Zurcher T 
Abraham Lung l Elders. 
Johannes Meyer, j 
Helnrlch Croo 
Heinrich Will 
New York, 18th June, 1764. 

To the Assembled Churches of the honorable Classis of Amsterdam. 



Deacons. 



Efforts for Union". 

Acts of the Assembly of Ministers and Elders of the so-called 

Coetns and Conferentie, June 19 and 20, 1764. 

June 19, 1764 — Forenoon. 



The Assembly was opened with prayer by Dom. 
found to be the 

Members Present. 
Ministers. 
John Ritzema 
Lambertus de Ronde 
Arch. Laidlie 
Ulpianus Van Sinderen 
John C. Rubel 
John C. Fryenmoet 
H. Meyer 
John Leydt 
J. Rutzen Hardenberg 
D. Marinus 
W. Jackson 
Q. D. Cock 
J. M. Kern 
John H. Goetschlus 
Mart. Van Harllngen 
John Schuneman 
Maurice Goetschlus 
S. Verbryck 
H. Schoonmaker 



Ritzema ; and the following were 



Elders. 
Jacobus Roosevelt 
Thos. Van Wyck 
Jno. Bogert, Jan. 
Rem Remsen 
Andies Stockholm 
Jacob Dekker 
John Wynkoop 
Hendrik Fisher 
Teunis Post 
John Paulisen 
John Gerritse 
Hendrik Banner 
J. S. stephany 
Gerrit Leydekker 
John Montfort 

Jonas Freer 
John Blauvelt 
John BrinckerhofC 
Bernaardus Ryder 
Isaac Brinkerhoff 
BenJ. Van Metre 



The Fundamental Articles of the Coetus, and the letters of the Rev. ClasBls of 
Amsterdam, dated January 11 and October 30, 1763, were read to the Assembly. 
Various discussions followed. In which the brethren, not coming to an understanding, 
agreed to a postponement until the next day. 

Separated with thanksgiving to God. 



1764 



;?'.•-') ECCLKSIASTICAU KkCoUDS 

Juno 20, 1704. 

Opened with prnjer. by r»om. lUtzoma. The followlnR adflltlonal member* 
appeared : 

l>om John Srhu.vlor Elder, liynonr GlcBBon 

" BcDj. Van I>er I.lnde " Stophon Zabrlnko 

" I'etcr Koomc. 

The brofhren of the socnlled CoctiiB stated, ns their flnnl answer upon the pnper§ 
read yestordn.v, thnt they found In the decision of the Uev. Classls eome dimciiltlea 
which must first be removed; and as we could jjlve no explanations of It, they 
desired to lay their gravamina before the Ftev. Synod or Classls Itself." We could not 
but cordially assent to this. In the expectation that the Rev. AssembllCB will make 
further definite statements, which will be plain to us. 

Whereupon the brethren of the Coctus departed, and those of the Confeub.vtib 
OBQAMZEn TUEM.sKLVES ANEW; and the Joint meeting was closed with thauksglvlng. 

Acts of " The Assembly Subordinate to the Rev. Classis," 

(or the CONFEREXTIE, XoW FOR THE FiRST FoRZVIALLY ORGAN- 
IZED, WITH Elders), June 20, 1764. 

The Subordinate Assembly, under the Classis and Synod, was opened with prayer 
by Dom. Ritzema. 

Members Present. 
Ministers Elders. 

J. Ritzema Jacobus Roosevelt 

L. De Ronde John Bogert, Jun'r. 

Ulpi. Van Sinderen Rem. Remsen 

J. C. Rubel Andrew Stockholm 

John Schuyler Rynler Van Giessen 

John C. Fryenmoet Jacob Dekker 

B. Van Der Linde Stephen Sabrisko 

G. D. Keck Hendrlk Benner 

J. M. Kern John S. Stephany 

Peter Roome, of Pompton 
Nicholas Wyckoff, of North Branch. 
Isaac Brinckerhofif, of FlshkiU. 

1. Poughkcepsie. — Peter Van Kleek, Elder, and John Conklin, Deacon, of Pough- 
keepsle, appeared before the Assembly with a complaint against the ruling Consistory 
of the congregation, for making a call upon one Schoonmaker, without recognizing 
them therein in their ofEclal Character. Further, th.it their church maintained 
the Church Order of the Synod of Dort, and their building was erected upon that 
condition, as appears from a copy of the deed of sale, which was exhibited ; yet the 
Consistory, when asked whether they remained under the Classis of Amsterdam, said 
that they adhered to the Coetus ; and one said that he adhered to God's Word. 
Besides, they had let Schoonmaker preach, against the prohibition of the elder, who 
objected because he was not regularly ordained. On the ground of these complaints, 
it was requested that a minister should be sent to appoint a Consistory according 
to the Constitution of our Church. After a conscientious consideration of the case, 
the request was granted. 

2. The Student Lejjdekker. — Gerrit Leydekker, a student in theology, requested 
the Assembly to write on his behalf to the Classis for liberty to admit him to the 
preparatory examination for a candidate ; which the Assembly, knowing him to be 
properly qualified, undertook to do. 

3. Tappan. — Cornelius Abraham Heering, representing thirty-nine heads of families 
of the congregation of Tappan, presented various severe charges against the minister, 

•See June 3, 1765. 



OF THE State of New York. 3927 

1764 

Sam'l Verbryck, both in doctrine and life. Tiiey had desired him to resign, otherwise 
they would withdraw their obligation for his salary ; whereupon he put them all 
under censure, and excluded them from the Lord's table, and they still remain in 
that state, without any care being taken of them, although they are members of his 
congregation ; wherefore they request to be released by the Assembly from such a 
minister. It was resolved to present their case to the Rev. Classis, and urge it with 
strong arguments. 

June 21, 1764 — Forenoon. 

Opened with prayer by the President. 

1. FishkiU. — The advice of the Rev. Messrs. Ritzema, De Ronde, Van Sinderen, 
and Rubel, respecting the election and ordination of a Consistory at Fishkill, and 
the proceedings of Dom. Verbryck in carrying out the same, were read to the 
Assembly and approved ; and Dom. Verbryck was heartily thanked for his pains in 
the matter. 

2. The Same. — The congregation of Fishkill having called Dom. Blauw, (before the 
unlawfully ordained Schoonmaker came there), and it being still uncertain whether 
he will come, Schoonmaker seeks to strengthen his party, and thus to divide the 
lawful subordinated congregation. So the elder, Isaac Brinckerhoffi, stated, and 
requested the aid of the Assembly in supplying them with the preaching of the 
Gospel. This the brethren promised to render, each according to his ability. 

3. Letter to the Classis. — It was resolved that a letter be prepared to the Rev. 
Classis ; and Dom. Ritzema, Pres., and Dom. De Ronde, Clerk, were appointed a 
committee for the purpose. 

June 21 — Afternoon Session. 

Opened with prayer. The proceedings of the neighboring ministers, soil., J. C. 
Fryenmoet, H. Meyer, and J. D. Kock, with their elders, who, in the case of Dom. 
E. T. Van Hoevenberg, found themselves constrained in conscience, by his high- 
handed sins, uncleanness, drunkenness, contention, ill treatment of his wife, and per- 
sistent contempt and scorn of all ecclesiastical admonitions, to lay him under 
censure, were laid before the Assembly, with a request for advice how to deal with 
him further, in case he continued obstinate in his sins. The Assembly advised them 
to keep Dom. Van Hoevenberg still under censure, until the reply of the Rev. 
Classis should be received. 

The Assembly separated in love and peace, with thanksgiving. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. Pres. 
L. De Ronde, p. t. Clerk. 

" The Assembly Suboedinates to the Classis," [or the Co::^- 
feeentie], to the Classis of Amsterdam, June 21, 1764. 
Vol. 33, Page 80. Xo. 349. 

To the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam : — 

It is already known to you that your letters of January 11, 1763, and October 3, 
of the same year, have been received in due season, and we hereby express our 
thanks to you for them. But the Acts of the Synod of North Holland, containing 
that acceptable decision, which we think so necessary for the security of the doc- 
trine and discipline of our Church in this distant part of the world, (if we mean 
to uphold our doctrine by discipline, and not fall into all sorts of errors, through 
the pretended freedom of living under an English government,) still remain behind, 
although we never had more need of them than now. 

On the 19th of June we met in the Consistory Chamber, at New York, and 
affectionately besought our brethren to unite with us on the basis of the decision of 
the Classis and Synod ; but nothing was less in their minds than submission. They 
showed their usual censoriousness, and Dom. Leydt, speaking in the name of the 
others, sought to confirm their Church Order, by citing and explaining various pas- 
sages of Scripture, and thus to make the impression on every one that our Church 
Order was contrary to the Scriptures, and in conflict with English freedom. Still, 



'A\r2S KcCLKSIASTU'AIi KlCCOUDS 

we kept onr purpose not to enter Into dispute with them, althouRh some expresslona 
were so pIcrcinK thnt we could scarcely keep silent. To him and the others who 
assisted him we ninlntnlned thnt they must submit, or else make their case clear 
to the C'lnHsls and Synod ; for we could not undo what hnd bet-n dotermlnt-d by the 
highest Judicatories; the more especially, since we conscientiously acquiesced in that 
determination, as appears from the brief notice In our minutes. 

Should they now write, we still hope that the Uev. Classls will take care that the 
determination already made be not altered, for we are firmly convinced that In that 
case the existing confusions, Instead of being ended, would commence anew. 

After the departure of the brethren, we formed ourselves Into "An Assembly, 
SriKJHDiNATK TO TUB Rbv. Ci.a.ssis " — a name which we gladly appropriate to 
ourselves; and as such', we considered the matters brought up by those who are 
willing to continue with us In subordination to you. 

Article 1 states the case of Poughkeepsie, where the congregation Is under the 
tyranny of some consistorial persons, who were picked out of the congregation by 
the Coetus ministers, to .serve the ends of the Coetus, by unlawfully thrusting (ten 
to one in the congregation being opposed) upon Poughkcepsie and Fisliklll that 
(Henrlcus) Schoonmaker whom they last autumn made a candidate, and have now 
made a minister. He was brought Into our Assembly with his bands on. for which 
reason he stands on the list of ministers present the first day ; and we did not expel 
him, because we were unwilling to commence a strife with them. We have now 
permitted the petitioners to choose a Consistory, which will serve, not only to 
hinder in his disorderly course this young man, ordained against the will of the 
Classis, (as they very well knew,) but also to put the congregation in a condition to 
unite with some other settlements near by, In calling a lawfully ordained minister 
from this country or from Holland. 

The second article concerns the request of Mr. Gerrit Leydekker, to be examined 
for a candidate, and without doubt, if he shall be called by any congregation, for a 
minister. We recommend him in the strongest terms, not only as one whom we 
know to have been taught from his youth in Latin and Greek, but also as having 
studied for four years at the College of New Jersey under President Burr, so dili- 
gently, as to receive the degree of F.achelor of Arts ; after which he spent a year 
and a half in divinity under Dom. Rltzema, and in Hebrew under Dom. Kals. His 
maturity of mind and piety of life confirm us the more in this desire, as also does 
his weakness of body, which has always kept him from undertaking the voyage to 
Holland. Being convinced that the irregular ordination of the Coetus ministers was 
inconsistent with our constitution, he has never been able to unite with them ; yet 
he has spent six or seven years in the exercises mentioned, without any prospect 
what the issue of his course would be ; and he has a true desire to edify his 
neighbors. 

Article 3 relates the sad condition of the congregation of Tappan, which at 
different times has been brought before the Rev. Classls, and which we have 
promised to urge in serious terms. 

The dispute is principally about some silly speeches of the minister from the 
pulpit, as e. g. : The forms of prayer must be cast away, and we must pray by the 
Spirit. Those who attend church in the forenoon and not in the afternoon, are on 
the direct road to hell, etc. And though ho is bound, by the terms of his call, to 
preach on the festival days, he does not refrain from deriding the custom, as when 
once officiating on Pass-day, (Easter,) he preached upon the crucifixion. Besides, 
he. along with other ministers, desired a charter for an academy from the Governor 
of New .Jersey, although he lives under the government of New York. These things 
greatly excited the congregation, yet each held firmly to his own way ; the minister 
deeming himself more bound to maintain his fancy of having an academy or a 
Classis, than to feed the souls intrusted to him ; and the congregation thinking that 
they were not bound to a minister wlio was not willing to abide by what had 
always been taught and practiced, nor to unite with us, who maintain due subordi- 
nation. Long since would we have done something, had we not feared the 
unavoidable wasting of the church. Therefore, we hope that the Classis will issue 
the case, for the relief of these long-oppressed heads of families. And since this 
matter of an academy is that which is so sadly disputed In the congregations of 
New Jersey, and those adjoining, we cannot omit mentioning that, notwithstanding 
two governors have refused their request, they mean to try it with the third ; 



OF THE State of New York. 3929 

» ! " e 

whence men justly expect that if it is granted, they must contribute to the erection 
of such a school, and that in order to increase yet more the number of that kind of 
ministers. 

The transactions recorded in the minutes of June 21 are of the same nature as 
those of Poughkeepsie already mentioned. The encounters Dom. Fryenmoet has had 
with the adherents of Schoonmaker are so unchristian and indecent, that it is 
improper to repeat them ; yet we must say. that the rights of congregations, accord- 
ing to our constitution, will perish, unless this case is strictly handled, be the 
consequences what they may. 

The last case in the minutes, that of E. T. Van Iloevenberg, was supported by so 
many testimonies that the brethren could not do otherwise than lay him under 
censure, and continue him there, unless he should soon show repentance, and the 
giving up of his sins. We can do nothing in such an important matter without the 
knowledge of the Classis ; so we trust that the Rev. Classis, without requiring us 
to send over the sworn testimony, will confirm our action, in insisting, according to 
God's Word and the Constitution of the Church, upon the deposition of such an 
open sinner going on in his sins : so that he may be taken out of the way, and the 
congregation be enabled to provide Itself with a suitable minister. We could say 
much of this unhappy man, but he is personally known to many members of the 
Rev. Classis, and now, by domestic circumstances, he is become still more unhappy. 
By the abuse of an expression in his call, as if he were under the Synod of Dort, 
which all the world knows to be no longer in existence, he conceived himself subject 
to no church judicature, and on this his obstinacy was based. Therefore, we 
separated from him. 

Nor to delay you longer, we must still mention, in few words, that the strength 
of our opponents lies partly in the abuse of God's Word, with which they go 
around in the congregations, saying that it gives the right of ordination to them 
equally with the Classis, and that the Classis, in appropriating that right to them- 
selves, are in conflict with the Word of God : partly that, as they say, being 
subjects of the King of Great Britain, it is not allowed them to acknowledge a 
foreign power, yet the civic oath is only political, and has reference merely to the 
supremacy of the Pope in the Church of England ; partly because Dom. Hardenberg 
spread it abroad that although the Classis and Synod had thus written, yet many 
ministers and professors were of a contrary opinion, especially Professors Burman 
and Bonnet, who had approved the erection of an academy here, and would send to it 
a suitable person for professor of divinity. So the name of the Rev. Winoldus 
Budde, who, as one of the Deputati ad res Externas, and the writer of the last 
Classical Letter, is very generally known, is abused by the report that he lifted 
his hands to heaven over the sins of those who opposed the Coetus. especially in the 
matter of calling Dom. Fryenmoet to the North Branch, at Raritan ; as to which, 
if proof were demanded, we think the balance would incline to the other side. 

The Rev. Arch. Laidlie and H. Meyer having been present in the Assembly at first, 
each with an elder, the Classis will be surprised to observe that they did not unite 
with us in the subordinate Assembly. As to the former we would gladly be silent, 
yet we cannot wholly forbear to say, though he desired that men should not speak of 
him, that if he did not propose to maintain such a subordination, he should not have 
accepted the call to New York. The latter, having married a sister of Dom. Hardenberg, 
appears, by the force of this alliance, to have brought things so far with his con- 
gregation, that they having deprived him of authority to subject them to the 
Coetus, afterwards postponed the matter ; still, the elder thinks that it will be 
accomplished, since he was assured that his associates were Inclined thereto. Dom. 
Blauw. although he did not appear himself, yet made known by his elder the 
subordination of himself and his congregation. Dom. Westerlo gave us to under- 
stand the same thing, yet he could not appear with the requisite authority, because 
his Consistory, out of regard to their internal harmony and peace, was not 
Inclined to act with us. Although the matters of the aged Erickson came before us. 
we couid not take them in hand, because he was deprived of the witnesses for his 
defenc<^ : for which reason his case is omitted from our minutes, yet his narrative 
related proceedings altogether unchristian. 

Dom. J. M. Kern, a High Dutch minister of the Reformed congregation of that 
nation in New York, has united with us. We mention him because he is doubtle.ss 
unknown to the Rev. Classis, having been called from the congregation of Heidel- 

105 



1764 



1764 

I'^rg. anil provlrt«l wlih • roninirnilmnry tPntlmonlBl l».v thnt ("on«l»tor.T. Ho came 
brforc im dmlrltiR. with hU ronBrfjrntlon. lo conic under o»ir AHUPmbly, nnd with us 
under thr Ut'v. ('IakhIii of Amnfordnm, kk next Judge In ccclewlnstlcnl ifiattcrs ; wblcb 
we Klndl.r sr»inlMl. nnd received him nnd hi* people Into our brotherhood. 

Wlih rejiperi. Her. Fnihem nnd Brethren In Hirlit, ns those who entrcnt the 
MrnnInK of the God of nil grnre nnd l)le»BlnK upon your pcrHonB nnd your work, we 
•ulinrrllte ournelven. 

In the name nnd 1>y the nulhorlty of the Rev. AsRombly of MinlstcrB and Elders, 
Bultordinnte to the Uev. (InnHlB of Ammerdnm, 

.T. Rltzema. President. 
]j. I»e Ronde, Clerk. 
New ^ ork. .tnno L'l, 17<>4. 



Kkvs. KlTZlMA AM> I 'I K'iNDK TO TIIK C'oNSI.s|( .|{ Y <il- K I .\f..< TON. 

.hi.Y? 17G4. 

To tlio Kcv. Consistory of Kln;j8ton:— 

AVe find ourselves. Iiowevfr unwillingly, b<iiin<l in fonsfb-nrc to reply to your 
request. Dom. Meyer Is cerliiltily bound by the c.nll upon whlfh he oiinie over, to 
be under the Church Order of the Netherlands, which he subscribed at his installa- 
tion, the Rev. Synod of North Holland having unanimously concluded that the 
churches here should be In becoming subordination to the Classis of Ani.«terdam, 
and fhrotigh It to the higher judicatories. Now, It behooves a minister to know 
what he subscribes by the acceptance of a call. It behooves him to know what is 
the force of a decree of a ."^ynod, in which six other correspanding Synods are 
uepresented, besides all the members of every Classis where the Synod is held; 
that such a decree Is the highest ecclesiastical authority in the Netherlands, and 
that It has the same force over the churches here under another jurisdiction, as In 
the East Indies or the West under the national government: there being only this 
difference, that the States of Holland In their dominions enforce these decrees upon 
the disobedient by the civil [(ower, which they neither can nor pretend to do here, 
even If It should be attempted to have these laws executed by the temporal rulers 
by virtue of the Articles of Surrender. We say that a minister ought to know this, 
and It astonishes us that Dom. Meyer should, in answering the Consistory, have 
written, notwithstanding that decree, that he found some difficulty In allowing 
that subordination, etc., and yet say, on the contrary, that he had no objection to 
a Christian and brotherly correspondence, etc. ; which, however, all the different 
communions here might hold, although they have no ties binding them to the 
Netherlandish Church; not to say that such a speech is a declaration that the 
de<ree alluded to Is unchristian and tyrannical; and whoever says that, ought de 
facto to be deposed. 

Notwithstanding, we advise you to use all possible forbearance, in order that 
Dom. Meyer, who is worthy of all praise on account of his qualifications and fidelity, 
may have time for reflection; but if he still continues to refuse, then to call in a 
neighboring Consistory, and proceed to a complete removal, according to the 
Church Order. 

We pray, brethren, that you do nothing in strife or partisanship; that you strive, 
if possible, to retain your minister, and that he may be found a useful Instrument 
In God's hand for the salvation of many souls. 

We subscribe ourselves, respectfully. 

Your servants and fellow-laborers, 

J. Rltzema 
Lamb. De Ronde. 



OF THE State of New York. 3931 

CiiuEcii OF ^N'ew York. 
Manor of Fordliain. Versifing the Psalms in English. 

New York, June 29, 17G4. 
Consistory held after callinR on God's name. 

1. The selling of the farm, formerly in possession of Jacob Lent, to Theophllus 
Hunt, for £6:10 per acre was approved, on condition that he shall pay upon the 
delivery of the papers, one third of the whole sum; and that for the remaining 
two-thirds, he shall give three bonds with sufficient securities, to pay the same in 
three successive years: viz., one third in the year 1765, and the rest in the two 
following years. Mr. John Van Cortland was appointed to prepare the writings. 

2. Theodore Van "Wyck, J. Lc Roy, P. Keteltas, D. Brinkerhoff and Isaac Roose- 
velt were appointed a committee, a majority to act, to see by the books what 
amounts have been paid, from time to time, to free the Manor of Fordham. The 
Treasurer shall then strike off the same from the whole amotmt received for the 
sale of said Manor, so that we may know the exact sum, net, which the Manor has 
produced. 

3. A letter was read from ISfr. Francis Hopkinson, dated June 11th, 1764, con- 
cerning the versifying of the Fsalms of David, in English, in the manner proposed. 
The consistory agreed to pay him for revising what has already been done, forty 
pistoles; and for completing the whole, one hundred pistoles. Of this amount, fifty 
pistoles shall be paid when the work, according to the new plan, shall be half done, 
if Hopkinson asks it. And inasmuch as certain members are to pay the first men- 
tioned forty pistoles, the consistory agrees to pay them out of the first printed 
Psalm books, or out of other funds. They shall also make the necessary arrange- 
ments tor paying the last named one hundred pistoles, and other necessary expenses 
of versifying the Psalms. 

4. Domine Laidlle, Theodore Van Wyck, D. Brinkerhoff, Isaac Roosevelt and 
Cornelius Clopper were appointed a committee to receive the Psalms, from time to 
time, from Mr. Hopkinson and revise the same, and to uphold him in his work. 

.'">. Mr. Recorder Alderman Bogart and Jakobus Roosevelt were appointed and 
requested to make inquiry into the general report that Jacobus Stoutenburg has 
gone round with the Devil's workmen in order to discover hidden treasures, and 
to make report. 

6. It was agreed to sell the vacant pews in the New Church for life, [or the life 
time of the buyer], on Tuesday, July 10th at 10 A. M. at public vendue to the 
highest bidder for cash; and that before that day comes, the consistoi-y shall take 
Into farther consideration how it will be proper to sell the same, and to make a 
draught of all the conditions to be imposed. 
Signed etc., 

L. De Ronde, p. t. President. 

Cor.RKSPoxDEXCK From America. 

Rev. Joanno< IMtzoiiia lo Kov. Wiiioldus Ihiddo. .Inly 5. 1,764. 

With Postscript, of Scptoiiihor 7, 1704. Vol. xiv. 20. 

Right Rovorf^nd and \ovy Much Esteenaed Brother! 
Sir:- 

Tho minutes of llio Subordinalo Assembly, [the Conferentic] witli tlie accom- 
panying letter, will, I hope, sufficiently ciilighton your Revs., together with the 
members of the Right Rev. Classis, so that it Is not necessary for me to add any- 
thing to them. Nevertheless, I cannot refrain from calling your attention to the 
action of our new minister, (Laidlie). I wish he would conduct himself differently 
in respect to church matters. Our Coetus brethren also make themselves verj' 
familiar with him. He says nothing to us, but holds himself aloof; so that his 
friendliness does not seem to be very decided, and he seems even to turn it aside, 
by mere compliments. Thus he begins to draw considerable suspicion upon hlm- 



1764 



-932 KCCI.KSIASTKAI. Kl<<»lU«S 

1764 

-.•If. n» If ho (lltl not wnnt 'i* rcinnln Nii1ii>nllnatc. Tlio !<i>hlNiii tnailo nbont the 
Arii)|pnif and tin- ('InoHlH im><>iiiii rnthcr to |ilcnn(> hlni. lie <loeH not Hm-iii (o atiind 
hlltli onodgli. but wiMild Htrlvo nfior ntlll IiIkIut ttiliiitN. Yot, lu> iiinst m-kiinwlpilge 
with m<> Ihnt. If thin thliitr K'h'm <>n. the liitul will In> illlcd with bcKK'irH. For I 
rnnnol tu^ whi-n-. In "iir nv<. provlnrcH. hIx tiww) inlnlHttTN run bo ronvcnlontly 
lomtPfl; hihI then %v1hti> Hlinll tlHxto fioor i<iirr«'rpr»« ro who hiivc left thf <lri»K nnd 
the l>\nw. Tlii>.v linxf lo»l all dcHlre of lnl)or. niul thoy want to wander up nnd 
down throti)th tin- laml, nnd bp ad(lr<>Hfio<l nn Mj-nho«'r, altlmiiKh without Hiipport; 
or thoj- are Intcndlni; lo ilrlvp the oliler onpH away, or an- nwalllriK tliclr .biiarlure 
to (h.- other world, and tlic-n their plarcs will quickly bo flili-d. 

I would l>o Kinil to report bc-ttor thlnits of honilni- (CorncllUH) Itlauw. than I can 
trnthfully do. I.awt fall, ho nroppted a fjill to Flshklll (and I'oiiu'hkcppslp) ; nnd to 
thiti ilay hp loavpH those two rhurehpH In doubt whether he will remain or ko. This 
ilrrnniHtjinee will. I fi-ar. eaus«. hini tn.nbl.-. At any rate, he aem very falthlPKHly 
towards hlH own beloved eoii>;rei;atlons dti New Jersey) whleli have, lndec<l, abovp 
niensure. shown their love toward hini. They have InerenHwl his salary from elRbty 
pounds to one Imndred and twenty poumls. Sueh a thing has never before hap- 
pened In this eountry to nny minister. Moreover, some say, that he gives himself 
up to greediness, and serves his own belly. He preaehes only onee during the 
w«H»k, closing with one calecbetleal sermon. He baa become so fat that be Is 
almost too lajsy to move himself. 

In order to bring our chnn'h matters Into order, nnd to cause that restlessness 
whleh wants "to make ministers" to cease, wo suggest to you Uevs. to consider 
such a plan as this: Whether it would not be best for the riassls to qualify two 
or three candidates for the New Netherland churches, just as they do for the East 
Indies, without determining their location, and without a previous call to any par- 
ticular church. I do not doubt but that those who would come over under such an 
arninsrein.-nt, would be helped to a .settlement Immediately. I know. Indeed, that 
under su>h cinumstanees. the expenses of his ordination and journey would fall 
upon himself, and that that would not be very easy for him to bear. But I also 
know this: that If they did not make such exhorbltant charges as the two last who 
came over have done, and which It Is Impossible for new nnd feeble churches to 
bear, they would get their expenses repaid when they presented their bills. This 
Item of expense, Is one of the principle reasons why they want to make ministers 
here. It costs too much to get them from Holland, and even then, we do not know 
what we are going to get. There may be certain people here, in each congregation 
In this country, who are In favor of the operations of the Coetus brethren; but. by 
far. the majority of them want a minister from their Fatherland; and this would 
be the universal desire of all. If those who are sent over only had a desire to show 
themselves good workers, and were not willing to be put to shame. 

I and mine, God be praised, are In tolerably good health, and, by God's grace, 
I find myself prepared better than over before to meet all the wickedness that here 
abounds; .so that I perform my work, althouirh with Increasing weakness, yet with 
pleasure, and it Is not without a blessing. I siprn my name with the utmost respect, 
and am. my dear and Rev. Sir, 

Your very much obliged servant and brother, 

.Johannes RItzema. 
New York. .Tuly 5rh, 1764. 

P. S. That poor Idler, domlne Erlckzon, has dictated the accompanying letter 
to me. which he thinks to present for his defense; with the request to send It to 
the Reverend Ciassis with the other letters. [See July 10th 1764.] I wish I was 
able to do more for him, on account of the old respect I used to have for his Rev., 
and on account of his age, being now nearly seventy. But I have had no familiar 
converse with him for five or six years. All T know concerning him is through 
reports: and I dare not write to the Rev. Ciassis even that which is in his favor, 
though he desired this of me. on the ground of my former acquaintance and inter- 
course with him. That the party spirit rules also in his congregation is plain, since 
they desire to have a minister of their own make, let it go with the old man as it 
may. Can anything be done to avert this dishonor of the (ministerial) office, so that 
this old father may not go down with shame to the grave? This, If possible, would 
be most pleasing to me, because he has here served three congregations with much 



OF TH!o Statk (»k Xi:\v York. 3033 

blessing ami with great respect. He was heard here in New Yoik, surely with 
much satisfaction, although he followed an orderly and very iieculiar style of 
preaching, after the fashion of Professor Driessen. 

N. B. The longer I keep this letter, the more it grows. I must yet mention 
this: I cannot understand how it can be, that we have not yet received a minister 
for Queens County, Long Island; and have not even received the least report con- 
cerning this matter since the call was sent to the Rev. Classis. The execution of 
this business was entrusted to the Rev. Deputati, with the earnest request, that if 
there should be no opportunity to send the minister direct from Amsterdam to Kew 
York, then to send such gentleman by way of England. And since there was no 
fear that these letters would be lost, it made us negligent in sending a duplicate, 
not to speak of the unnecessary expense. The letters, with the call, were already 
sent away from here to London, with a certain Captain Davids, In November 1763. 
And then the care of the same was further given to Mr. Siebenrood, who has here- 
tofore served us faithfully in such matters. The call is the most remunerative that 
has yet gone from Long Island. Those congregations, which have been long in 
discord are now very closely united. But I fear that if something is not soon done, 
that the evil one will again sow tares. Will your Revs, be so kind as to send me 
news concerning this matter at the earliest opportunity, let it cost what It will. 

The acts of Synod of last year have not yet arrived. And since I And that it is 
almost impossible to receive at present anything directly from Amsterdam, I must 
kindly desire of you, that those things which we need, and which cannot be sent 
in a package, be sent to us by way of Curacoa, addressed to Mr. David Menshart 
who will forward them to me. And this may also be the best way to send a min- 
ister, if there is no opportunity direct from Amsterdam. On this we surely 
expected the minister for Long Island, but we have not even received a single 
letter on the subject. 

Domine Blaauw, to my joy remains (In New Jersey), and I hope that the dis- 
satisfaction which was caused, may yet turn out for the best. 

Father Schelluyne with whom my colleague de Uonde corresponds, has lately 
written to his Rev. Receive my sincere greetings. 

Vale, .7. R. 

New York, Sept. 7, 1764. It being the day in which I enter the 56th year of 
my age. 

J. Ritzema. 

To the Right Reverend Sir Winoldns Budde. etc. 

CiruRCii OF Xew York. 

New York .Tuly 12. 1764. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. The conditions under which the seats on the Gallery, as well a.s below, should 
be sold, were presented and approved by a majority. It was agreed that some 
limitations should be added to the conditions. Alderman Bogarl, T. Van Wyck, 
D. Brinkerhoff and I. Roosvelt were appointed to do this and report to-morrow at 
11 A. .M. when the consistory shall meet again. 

Sale of Pews in Xow Church — Cedar ?t. 

July i:;, 1764. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The committee reported the conditions with some further limitations. These 
were read and unanimously apiuoved. They are as follows: 

The conditions agreed upon liy tlie Consistory for selling the vacant pews in the 
New I>utch Church: 

1. That the sale thereof shall be confined to such persons as have always adhered 
to and been looked upon as belonging to, the Dutch Congregation, whether com- 
municants or not. Likewise to such as have heretofore belonged lo our congrega- 
tion but have left ns on account of the language only, and arc desirous to join us 
again; that is, such of them as have made their intention.s appear, by having 
already subscribed and paid toward the support of our ministers. All the persons 



1764 



:','X\A KccLKsiAsrn Ai, Ki;t duns 

1764 

<'niii|irflicii<leil In tlic iil>ov<> <-ln»H xtinll linvc lllxTty to |iiu<'|iiiki> k<-ii(i« for tliciiiKolves 
and tboir famlllM, or turb frlriiila an urv within tlip nituvv (IcHcriiitloti. And an It 
Ik l*nl oqiiliAblo tbnt ttioiip |M<n<onH of our own iliMiunilnatlon Kbonld llrHt be Hupplled 
witb (M-atd. wo hopo no iin)liniK<> will In- Klvcn to tliosc wlm nn- not in I In- above 
llmltmlond. Wp arf willing nnd dfnlnuiK to help all otlnr pcn-oiis wUlunit distinc- 
tion an Koon as tboKo above iniMitoncd, wbo may dt'Rirp hcala. arc Nn|iplli>d. 

2. That ovory jiow Ur- HtriKk o(T to tho hJKhcHt l»ldd«>r. for tin" nsi- of only surh 
pvntonK ati aforo<inld: and H»rh bidilcr Hball kIvc up the nninox of the persona that 
■ re to oopiipj: tlio Hoats tlior^dn. They must be Bticb aa liavo no neat Jiln-ady In 
the ohnmh. Nanios shall bo given witbin ten daya, to the coininlttee iiiipolntod for 
■ellInK the poms: but they shall, at or before any auch nuinos an- entered, \n\y nnto 
the "aid 'ointnlttee, or to their order, the pnrehase money thereof. Unless thia be 
performed liy tln-m the sale of snrh pews shall be void, and may be s<dd a){"in. 

That every name thus entered shall entitle that person to the prlvile^te of usIiiK 
and enloyhiK sneh seat for the piirposi- intended. dnrinK hia or her natiiriil life; btit 
they are aubjecied to the same plans and re^ulatlona a« the pews heretofore aold 
In aald church, with this further condition; viz., that every owner or proprietor of 
a seat or seats, beinu a master or mistress of a family, or a single person who sub- 
slst."* in livelihood of himself, that every such owner, who doth not yearly and every 
year pay toward the support of our minister or ministers, shall. In failure of such 
payment, forfeit the property and privilege to said seat or seats: which seat or 
seats shall, upon such failure devolve upon and be Invested aKaln In the Mitdster, 
Klders and Deacons, to be disposed of, as they shall be pleased to order and direct, 
any custom or usage to the contrary thereof notwlthstundlng. And likewise that 
all seats which hereafter shall become vacant, by death or otherwise, shall descend 
to the nearest in blood living in the city, agreeably to the church rules, upon their 
paying the rates to be paid on such vacant seals, and complying with all conditions 
that othor possessors of seats in this church are obliged to do; and upon their not 
applying for such vacant seata within one year and six weeks, all further claim to 
such seat shall be void, and It shall be disposed of, as Is usual In such cases, to the 
first proiKT person that applies for the same. 

3. That all disputes respecting the present sale of pews, or bidders or persons 
entitled thereto, shall be decided by the majority of the committee aforesaid, whose 
determination shall be final; unless said committee desire the advice of the whole 
consistory thereon. 

4. That the committee appointed for the purpose aforesaid, be Simon Johnson. 
J:icobu.-» Roosevelt, I'eter Keteltas, Abram P. liOtt and Isaac Roosevelt, or any 
three of them; who are hereby empowered by order of the consistory to sell and 
dispose of the pews and seats according to the before mentioned conditions, and 
to begin the sale of them at 10 o'clock on Monday morning of this Instant July In 
the said New Dutch Churcli. 

The first pew In the gallery, from the Tower to the North-west side, Is to be left 
unsold, for the use of the ministers children. 
Signed etc., 

J. Uitzema. p. t. President. 



IIkV. ITeRMANI-.S ]\rKYKU TO ReV. JoU.V IJlT/.KMA, -1 LEY 12, iTG-t. 

No. 7. 

To Mr. Rltzema:— 

I have the honor to inform you that I with our Elder Johannes Wynkoop arrived 
at our residence In safety. We have laid the acts and resolutions of the Convention 
held at New York on the 19th of June, before our Consistory. Whereupon they 
after some time spent in deliberation and consultation with some members of the 
preceding Consistory, have resolved, in accordance with the resolution of the Classls 
and the Synod to acknowledge the sul)ordlnatlon to the Classls of Amsterdam, 
kindly requesting at the same time that our Church may be considered as one of 
the Convention subordinate to the Amsterdam Classls, and received within the 
same, not doubting, that If this shall be permitted by the Rev. Convention, you 
will have the goodness to communicate the same to us, together with the necessary 



OF THE State of New York. . 8935 

information as to the manner In wliich the Convention is Constituted and how it 
shall be held, with all that it becomes us to linow on the subject. This communi- 
cation is made at the request and in the name of the Cionsistory of Kingston by 
him who has the honor with all respect and affection to subscribe himself. 

Yours, 

Hermanns Meyer, 
Minister of the Church of Kingston. 
Kingston July 12, 1764. 



Lords of Trade to Lieutexaxt-Gover-nok Coldex. Charter 
FOR Lutheran Church Denied. 

Whitehall, July 13, 1764. 
To Cadwallader Colden, Esq., Lieutenant Governor of New York. 
Sir, 

We have attentively considered the petition of the Ministers Elders and Deacons 
of the Lutheran Church, praying for a Charter of Incorporation, and though we 
shall be at all times desirous of concurring in any measure that may contribute to 
the satisfaction of every pious community, the principles of which are not adverse 
to the religious constitution of these kingdoms; yet it does not appear to us from 
any thing set forth in their petition that such incorporation is at present either 
necessary or expedient. 



Your very loving friends, 
Hillsborough 
Geo. Rice 
Bamber Gascoyne 
J. Dyson. 
-Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vll, pp. 642, 643. 

Correspondence From America. 

itev^ Rhinehardt Erickzon to the Rev. Clas.sis of Amsterdam, July 

16, 1764. [See Sept. 7, 1764, P. S.] 

Right Reverend and Very Learned Gentlemen and Brethren in Christ, composing the 
Classical Assembly of Amsterdam : — 

I am grieved to think that I am obliged to trouble you, Right, Reverend Sirs, with 
my complaint concerning the ill treatment which I received at the hands of Rev. 
Le.vdt and his party, who claim to be the Coetus. 

I was called as pastor of the church at Hackensack, by Revs. Junius, Vos and Van 
Der Wall, in 1725. These gentlemen were fully authorized by the church at Hack- 
ensack to call a pastor for them. 

I was examined and considered qualified by your venerable body on the third 
of September of the same year, and I went there immediately as you will see by 
consulting the Minutes of your Classis. 

In 1728 I was called to Schooneghtade, (Schenectady), and from thence, in 1736, 
lo Middletown and Freehold, N. J. To the latter call, after serious consideration, I 
was constrained to give ear. That people had called mo in 1735, but, after having 
declined the call, they called me again in 1736. The latter call inspired me with 
the hope that I might do much there for Jesus. I therefore used all diligence to 
instruct the people, both publicly and privately, in the catechism. The opportunity 
for catechising and my success therein, would have been much better, if the Dutch 
language had been spoken more generally, and if the Dutch schools had not Ignored 



1764 



1764 



!'r.<I I''('fi.i:siASTu-Ai. Tlrcdiuts 

ll NM llipjp illd : Rnd Bhovr nil. If tlip immntii l>Rd more Kpnornlly Bpokon It nl homo. 
and hud ImiBht the rhlldron to rrn<l I'ntrh, no n* to innhlo tliPiii to rend the Itihle 
In Puioh nnd tbrlr mtechlim In the Mm«. 

Thin np<tllir«*nrc of thrlrt«. wah tho rinmc of much apnthy. In refpronoe to 
mtrrhl^InK nnd prpnrhlnc In Pnirh, PHppolnlly nn rpRRrda tho youth. Thpy pre- 
fprr«Hl to ntlcnd KnKllnh uprvlrpn. whothiT It wppp with thp MpnnonltCH. with the 
Chtirrh of KnRlnnd. or with Hip Indpppndf-ntH. TIip Inttor howpvor. are pfiKTBlly 
conwldprpd to ndhorp to one nnd the nnnip cysipni <if dortrlnpH iih niirBPlvoH, They 
profpfiK to hold nnd dpfend. with I'mfpHHor UopI, thp dnrtrlne concornlnj; tlip Ktprnal 
Genprntlon of the Son. 

I hnvp dpent my tln)p In this country In prpnohlnj: thp (^Jonpel of .Tpb\ib ChrlKt with 
mnoh plPHRiirp. nnd f nornlly with thp pstppni of flip rongrPKatlons In which I 
harp lahorpd. I doiilit not Init thnt Ilpv. Rltzpnin has Informed yonr Uevs. to the 
sanip pffpct, In hlH Iptters to yon. (»n this ncrount, I consldpr It iinnpcpHRnry to 
have this, my lettpr. slpned hy John, rptcr. nnd NMcholat:. with whom, nnd to whose 
triithfulne.sB, you, Rev. Sire, are entire strangers. 

Solomon says In I'roverhs. 14. " Fools mnke n mock of sin : hut anionc the 
rljthtpous there Is favour." Now I do not want to he considered a fool. 1 would 
much rather. If I have plven any offense, or been the occasion of offense to any 
church of God, publicly to confetiB my disgraceful sins, and ask forgiveness at the 
throne of grace, where pardon can ever be obtained, to the glory of God the 
Father. 

It was about the middle of Decembeiv 1762. that, about eventide. I went to one 
of our neighboring nu-rcbants to pnrchase some of the necessaries of life for my 
family. After I had finished my business I sat down by the fire to warm myself. 
I found that there were many of my bitter enemies under the same roof. They 
watched me very closely. The weather being very cold, they ordered the grocer to 
give them a glass of brandy. One after another of these enemies of mine drank 
very freely from the Intoxicating cup ; and I, by not being closely on my guard, 
became somewhat Intoxicated through their Influence. This of course, was an 
occasion sought by them for slander and calumny. They Immediately spread the 
report throughout my congregation. Thereupon my Consistory convened, and 
passed n resolution to the effect that Rev. Leydt, a pastor of a neighboring church, 
(New Rrunswlck) should he invited to be present. The Rev. Leydt accepted the 
Invitation from my consistory. He brought with him Rev. Van Ilarllngcn (of 
Neshanlc), and each took an elder wltli him. for the purpose of convening with my 
consistory. Rev. I>eydt presided on this occasion. 

I having been summoned to appear before this body, came unhesitatingly. Kev. 
Leydt opened the meeting with prayer, in which he addressed God as righteous and 
holy, one who could not In the least have anything to do with sin. And further- 
more, he referred to me as pastor of a church. He also said, in his prayer, thnt I 
was a pastor, called according to the Rules of the Church, but that I bad never 
had the Internal call, nor a comnilBsion from God to that office. And therefore, said 
he. that God. by virtue of his holiness and his righteousness, could not suffer me to 
retain this my holy ofRce. This gave me no little perplexity. Thereupon, I requested 
the Consistory to restore me to my office and duties, (after I had been denied these 
privileges for six weeks), and I would make an humble confession of this my 
grevious offense, in one of my sermons. My request was not granted. Moreover I 
was informed by the President, that I should abstain from preaching the Gospel 
and administering the sacraments, for an unlimited time. 

1 besought them to limit the time of this my punishment, and informed them that 
there was a difference between my case and that of habitual drunkenness, according 
to Art. .SO* of the Church Disciplln. But my proposition and information were dis- 
regarded and they were not to be moved in their decision. 

Revs. Leydt nnd Van Ilarlingen. by consent of my consistory, occupied my pulpit In 
turn. They came In turn once every month to preach and to administer the holy 
sacrament of baptism. 

Rev. (Jacob K. i llardenberg, meanwhile had made a proposition before the 
Classis (to go to Holland) to visit his mother-in-law and other friends. In the Spring 

•In Article 80 of the Rules of the Synod of Dort, "habitual drunkenness" was one 
of the sins worthy of discipline. It was not until 1832 that "habitual" wag stricken 
out. 



op^ THE State of New Yokk. 'AUiM 

1764 

of 17G3, in Amsterdam, for the purpose of bringing them over to this side. A 
special meeting of the Coetus was called in April to consider this proposition (of his 
trip to Holland.) Rev. Hardenberg was appointed and requested to use all his 
influence while there, to have the Coetus changed into a formal Classis, so that 
they could have the authority of holding examinations. You, Rev. Sirs, are aware, 
whetiier he performed this, his commission. 

At this special meeting of the Coetus, Rev. Leydt with Revs. Jacltson and Van 
Harlingen, each with one of his elders, were appointed a committee to take action, 
at my place, concerning my trouble. Rev. Jacl<son and his elder did not make their 
appearance. They excused themselves from acting as part of the committee, on the 
ground of indisposition. Revs. Leydt and Van Harlingen with their elders were 
present at the appointed hour. 

I was summoned to appear before this Committee. I then requested them to 
release me from this my suspension. My consistory was unwilling to give their 
consent to their granting my request. They also had, without my knowledge, pro- 
vided three witnesses against me. These three witnesses were my relatives ; viz. 
Christian Cretzinger and his wife, and Elizabeth Killum, a young girl of 18 or 17 
years of age. These testified, in favor of the censure. They said that there had 
been a half gallon of rum in my house ; that I was very restless during the night ; 
and in the morning, ft appeared to them that I had drunk too much. 

When I wanted to defend myself against this charge, the Rev. Leydt, who waB 
President of the meeting, answered me, that these people had made the accusation ; 
that it was sufficient, and that I was not permitted to defend myself. 

The suspension under which I was held, continued. These Rev. gentlemen still 
came once a month to preach in my pulpit, and to administer the sacred rite of 
baptism. This they could easily do. Financially, it brought them considerable 
gain ; for my Consistory defrayed their traveling expenses, and remunerated them 
well for their services. 

Finally, in the month of August, the above mentioned pastors, In connection with 
my Consistory, held another conslstorlal meeting. They Invited a .Tustice of the 
Peace who was not a member of our church, nor Indeed of any other, but \/ho was 
accustomed to attend the Independent church services rather than ours, to take 
the testimony of persons against me, who were not church members. These wit- 
nesses were the above named persons, together with another young woman, Annie 
Walker, by name. They testified that they had not seen me drunk, but that I was 
quite far gone. 

The regular session of the Coetus was held the first Tuesday of the following 
October. They met a little above Kingston. The witnesses, and the testimony of 
the witnesses, were brought before this Coetus by these Rev. gentlemen. I was 
unable to attend this session because of the distance from my home. My Consistory 
also sent them a communication by letter, the tenor of which I do not know, 
neither was I permitted to know It. Of this latter assertion of mine, I am certain, 
for the following reasons : One of my friends offered one of my elders a Spanish 
dollar for the privilege of looking over the letter, whereupon he received the 
answer, that neither he, nor any one else should ever see nor read the letter. I wag 
condemned by this so-called Coetus without having had the opportunity of defending 
myself. The verdict passed by the Coetus was sent to my house by the Rev. Leydt, 
who was the Scribe Extraordinary. 

The principle contents of the verdict were as follows : The Coetus, so-called, 
dissolves the pastoral relation between my congregation and myself, and authorizes 
my people to call another pastor in my place. 

The Coetus appointed three different candidates for the ministry. One of them, 
who needed a new coat and a piece of bread, was Invited by the Coetus to preach In 
my church, which now had had no regular preaching for some time, for the purpose 
of showing his talents and to gain the favor of the church. This young candidate 
had preached only once every Sabbath, since last December, because he was unable 
to preach twice a day. And even by preaching but once on the Lord's day he was 
obliged to read his sermon from a manuscript. I was not at all surprised at this. 
If a man can acquire the necessary knowledge, and a suitable familiarity with the 
languages which a minister needs, in three or four years, I appeal to your honors to 
decide. 



3938 KccLEsiASTicAi, lU.conns 

And further. If ihU prcirndcd CocHib haa the power nnd authority to dc-posc and 
Inctall mtnUtrrs accordlne to their pleasure, then I inuBt openly confemi that I do 
not underntand Article 70 of rliiirrh Kovrrnment. This Article plainly declares that 
no nilnlater ran l>e depowd without the advice of the vf-noriible ClnHslB. Nor does 
the letter, which wan written to uh by the Clagala on Jan. l.^, 170.1. which unyn, that 
matter* of dllTeronce niunt lic docldfd l>y a majority of the meml>er« In any ecclesi- 
astical Ividy. allow any fuch thing. (Article 31. )• It only makcH the provision 
for a majority vole, by the memlnTS prcBont In any such body, in order that the 
accuaed person may have nn opportunity to appeal to a higher court — the (lassls. 
This privilege w.ts denied me. I doubt not but that your honors will receive further 
information concerning that Assembly, which styles Itself "A Convention ". and 
which has caused 8\ich a dreadful schism nnd alienations among nnd In the 
churches of this country. They claim the power of ordaining whom they please. 
Rev. Leydt claims authority also — In direct opposition to the Classls and the Synod 
of North Holland — that such right Is Inherent In the foetus. Your honors have, no 
doubt, received his pamphlets, in which he claims this right. 

Having now given you a full account, nnd also In their regular order, of the 
proceedings (acts) of Rev. Leydt and his party, who call themselves the Coetus, I 
will also, for this Is proper, describe to you the characters of those who have come 
up against me as accusers : 

The first named. Christian Critzengen, is a High Dutchman by birth, from northern 
Germany. He was sold, a few years ago, for a single fare from Holland to 
Pennsylvania. Having served his time as a sort of slave, he went to sea as a 
privateersman, In the war of Spain and France, against England. He was engaged 
in sinking the vessels of the enemy. When the war was ended he came to reside 
In my neighborhood. He considered himself a respectable man. He married a 
woman, who bad engaged herself as a servant for eight years to a certain .Joseph 
Van Mettere. This Joseph Van Mettere was grievously provoked at me, because 1 
had, contrary to his wishes, performed the marriage ceremony for his father-in-law. 
In a second marriage. This union also proved to be unfortunate; It caused much 
trouble In the family and dissension In the church. Joseph Van Mettere attempted 
to show that this woman was of a bad character. He would have moved heaven 
and earth. If It could have been done, to have accomplished his object. He even 
went so far as to try to make the children of his father-in-law to say all manner 
of evil and to slander their step-mother. In order. If possible, to dissolve the 
marriage. 

These people lived In one of the back rooms of my house. I had them live there 
in order to work my land on shares. The mother of the family was frequently 
invited to make visits, by the daughters of her former master. She was constantly 
questioned about the news of the day and especially of affairs in my house. And 
as Is usually the case, many lies were mixed In with the truth. This was true In a 
special manner In our case : for when the woman had recited all the news about me 
and my family she could think of, to her former master, she was obliged to stick to 
everything she had said, in order not to be looked upon and called a liar. 

How much I am disappointed in her husband. I can hardly express. My experi- 
ence with him has clearly proved to me that he is not the man I took him to be. 
I always thought him to be an honest and moral man, but I have found him to be a 
blasphemer, etc., the like of which I have not often seen. He evidently cared not 
for God nor man. 

The other two witnesses were young servant girls, both of whom bad been 
employed by my wife. Their services came to an end, not being any longer satis- 
factory to my wife. My wife paid them all that she owed them and let them go. 
At this they were greatly enraged and felt very bitterly towards her. 

These servant girls after they had left my house were welcomed by the man 
and woman who lived in the back rooms of the building. Here they remained all 
night. In the morning the lady of the house went with one of the girls to her 
parents, and in the afternoon her husband followed. Here the conspiracy against 

•Article 31. "If any person conceive himself aggrieved by the decision of a lesser 
Assembly, he shall have the liberty and right of appealing to a higher, and that 
which is determined by a majority of voices In such Assembly, shall be held decisive 
and binding, unless it can be demonstrated to be contrary to the Word of God and 
these Articles." 



OF THB State of New York. 3939 

1764 

me was formed. To me this is verj- clear, in that they not only agree in facts, but 
also in the very words. This certainly would not have heen the case, nor would 
it be probable, if they had not recited this lesson over so often as to enable them to 
remember and repeat it verbally. 

Still, I am not the first minister of the Gospel who, through false accusations and 
perjuries has been tried as I am now. The Revs. Beis, (Beys) Slater, Gutzlue, 
(J. H. Goetschius), and others have passed through similar ordeals. And this is 
not to be wondered at, for the servant is not better than his Lord, and He experi- 
enced the same treatment which I have of late experienced. 

Concerning the testimony of these witnesses I have this to say : I do not deny 
that my wife, who at the time was ill and had a severe cough, ordered half a 
gallon of rum by this Christian Crltzengen, who was about to go to town wilh 
grain. One half of this rum was set aside to be used afterwards as medicine, and 
the other half was mixed with water and drunk, just before we retired that 
evening. Part of the last half, however, was boiled with butter and milk, which I 
used to cure my hoarseness. From this. Rev. gentlemen, you will clearly perceive 
that the cause of my restlessness that night was not owing to strong drink. If you, 
dear Sirs, should look at my condition deliberately, could you not account for my 
restlessness upon other grounds than drunkenness? I have been obliged to pass the 
greater part of the nights of the past winter, even on my own hearth-stone. In 
trouble and sorrow. 

Concerning the second part of the testimony from these people, given under oath, 
I have the following to say : It came to pass, after this man had finished mowing 
his grain, that he came home, and having a little rum left in his bottle, my wife 
took it and mixed it with water, butter, and sugar, boiled it. poured it in a cup 
and brought it to me, requesting me to drink of it. Twice I refused to take It, 
saying that I did not feel well, that I disliked it, and that it nauseated me. My 
wife, however, persisted in having me drink of it. After still further resistance I 
finally consented to use a little so as to satisfy her. Shortly after this, one of my 
domestics, a relative I suppose, testified under oath, that I had not been drunk but 
under the influence of strong drink. This was her positive testimony. Now, dearty 
honored Sirs, even had this testimony been true, do you consider it right for these, 
my domestics, to inspect my house and then thus expose matters? You can easily 
infer what sort of people they were who rose up against me as accusers. 

And further concerning the causes of this trouble in my church : besides the 
above mentioned marriage, there was another marriage which was an additional 
cause. It was that of a widow. She has six children. They were very much 
opposed to have their mother marry a second time. They succeeded in their 
opposition for five or six years. Finally, the widow came to me and requested me 
to unite her in marriage with her suitor. I took it for granted that she had 
received the consent of her children. I therefore united her in wedlock. This 
enraged the children against me exceedingly. They declared that they would give me 
plenty of trouble. They swore that they would endeavor to excite the feelings of 
each and every one of my people against me. This is not a very diflacult task to 
accomplish, especially in the country, where they are nearly all related to one 
another, either by marriage or as blood relatives. 

I consider myself in duty bound, since I have been a minister of the Gospel for 
more than forty three years, and have had much success, to lay these my complaints 
before your venerable body, that I may not be obliged, at the age of sixty eight, to 
sink into the grave as a deposed minister of the Gospel. 

Living in the hope that your honors will consider my case as though it were your 
own, and that you will restore me to my pastoral office, in opposition to this 
so-called Coetus, I remain while praying for yoiir prosperity, for your persons and 
families, and also for your office. Highly Honored Sirs and Brethren in the Ixird — 
Your loving and kindly disposed brother, 

Reinhardt Erickfon. 
Freehold, July 16, 1764. 



1764 



•"•'•'lit KCCLESIASIK Al, l{i:«nKltS 

rj.riTioN OF Sii: .Iami..- .Iav k. tiii-: Ki.\«;, .1 1 i.v IT. IT^.I, poit x 
Grant OK I.ami io|{ Ki\<.s ('<»i.i,k<jk. (Sm .1 i i.v l'.",). 

To the Klnif'n Nroxi Kxrcllciit Miij<'?'ty In • ,,>iii(|| 

The Moiiiorlnl nnd liiiuililo I'vfltloti of Sir JniiicH .Im\, Kiilj;lit. In bi-b.ili ..f ilic 
GovcriiorK of KIiikn CoIIckc la the <lty of New York In AniiTl<ii. 
Sheweth. 

Thnt althoiiKli ibo xnlrl SiMiilnary Halli bft'ii Jionoiiroil with thf iik.ki tllsiln^inUh- 
Inir Mark of Your Maji-sty's Hoyul favour, yt-t tin; siip«-rlor lni|)ortiin< •• It N bt-ronie 
of to your .MaJ<'sty's Aini-rk-au DomliiloiiH in conHcfiuonrc of llic acqulKllInn of (janada 
and lt» (loiii-ndanri- cnfonragos him to lu>|i<' that IiIh pn-sont Mi>i)ll<!itlon In favour 
of It will meet with your Majesty's graclouH approbation. 

That In order that the necoHslty and Importance of the said Semliiiiry may Ik- 
rl(fhtly understood he begs leave to mention Its origin, progress ami present 
situation. 

The several Gentlemen In the I'rovlnce of New Y'ork, observing the many lucon- 
renlenres and Dl.'jorders that prevailed In Amerka In General, and that Colony lu 
particular from the different opinions, manner and customs of the Inhabitants, and 
apprehending that more fatal evils would arise among a people, composed of various 
Nations, differing In language and In their principles of Uellglon and «Joveniment 
If left destitute of the proper means of Education endeavoured to establish a sem- 
inary for their lui<tructlon. 

That It was also observed that many of those evils, were In a grc:ii nitMsure 
owing to the want of proper Ministers and Teachers, and that It was imjiosslble 
to obtain a sufficient supply of able Instructors unless opportunities were provided 
for educating them there, as few men of proper quallllcatlous here could be 
Induced to quit their hopes In these Kingdoms, for a laborious employment In a 
remote wilderness where they are to expect but small secular advantage to reward 
their toll. 

That sundry circumstances rendered these considerations the more Immediately 
interesting and particularly the amazing pains, which your Majesty's Popish Ene- 
mies were every where perceived to take for the propagation of their peculiar 
Tenents and the many Establishments they were making for that purpose In all the 
• ountrys of America subjected to them, while your Majesty's numerous sul)Jeoti* 
tlicre, remained too liable to their corruptions l)y being spread abroad on a wide 
frontier without a sufficient number of Protestant Ministers among them. 

That from a just sence of these growing evils a College was erected In New York, 
nf»t Indeed to aim at any high Improvements in literature hut to guard against total 
ignorance to Instill into the minds of Y'outh true principles of Religion, a veneration 
for the British Constitution, and a grateful sence of the many lUesslngs we enjoy 
under your Majesty's auspitious tlovernment, to instruct them In such useful Arts 
and branches of knowledge as are necessary to Trade Agriculture and the due 
Improvement of your valuable Colonys there, and lastly, to assist in raising up a 
succession of faithful Instructors to be sent forth among our own people and tlie 
Indians In alliance with us, in order to teach them the ways of truth to save thorn 
from the corruptions of the Enemy and wipe away the reproach of suffering the 
Emissaries of a false Religion to be more zealous in propagating their slavish and 
destructive Tenets, than we are in promoting the glorious plan of public Liberty 
and happiness committed to us. 

That with these generous \lew8, the said Seminary was begun about Ten years 
a-ro, and is placed under the inspection of the Government and Established Church. 
The Lord Archbishop of Canterbury and the first Lord of Trade and Plantations. 
and the (;hlef Officers In the Government of the Colony, being by the Charter of 
Incorporation, Governours of it in virtue of their Offices— That besides a sum of 
.Money granted by the Assembly it has been chiefly supported, by the liberal con- 
tributions of Individuals, excepting that the venerable Society In London for Propa- 
gating the Gospel, being sensible how much the undertaking would contribute to 
the extension of Religion and virtue assisted them with a donation of 500 pounds. 

But, as undertakings of such an extensive nature even in the most wealthy king- 



OF THE State of New York. 3941 

1764 

doniH, h;ive seldom been compleated, unless by the united generosity of many pri- 
vate benefactors, and often by tlie bounty of Sovereign princes, it cannot be thought 
strange that all the resources in the power of individuals in a young Colony should 
be found insufficient for the purpose, and that the Governors of the College should 
be reduced to the necessity of soliciting the assistance of their mother Country to 
enable them to carry on this useful work.— 

That your petitioner was accordingly appointed to represent the design and state 
of the undertaking, and to solicit and to receive the benefactions of pious and well 
disposed people in Brlttain, and that he has so far succeeded in his endeavours as 
that including Your Majesty's Gracious Donation of 400 pounds; the private bene- 
factions of many of the Nobility, Gentry and Clergy, and the sum collected on your 
Majesty's Royal Brief, he will be enabled to remit on the whole about five thousand 
pounds clear of all expences. 

That as there is little, or no prospect of obtaining further assistance in the 
Province, and as the sum of live thousand pounds is insufficient to carry on the 
design even in its present confined manner much less to render it of more extensive 
and general utility, your petitioners, considering that the Universities in Brlttain 
and Ireland were liberally endowed with lands, by your Majesty's Illustrous Prede- 
cessors and relying on your Majesty's known regard for the advancement of Reli- 
gion and useful knowledge is encouraged to pray that your Majesty will bo pleased 
to grant a Tract of Land in the Province of New York, to the aforesaid Seminary, 
but as the unappropriated lands in that I'rovince are In a remote wilderness at a 
great distance from the improved parts of the Colony; that as it must be a long 
time before they can be cultivated or rendered of any advantage and as the profits 
that will arise from them are to be applied for the public beneflt, he for these 
reasons, without adducing as precedents the great privileges, exemptions and indul- 
genclps, that were granted to similar Institutions in Brlttain & Ireland by former 
Princes, hopes, that it will seem reasonable that the usual terms of Cultivation and 
Quit Rent, on which lands are granted to private persons, should be dispensed with 
on this occasion and therefore particularly pray*: 

That your Majesty will be pleased to grant twenty thousand Acres of land In the 
Province of New York, free of the conditions of cultivation and Quit Rents to the 
Governors of the College of the Province of New Y'ork, in the City of New Y'ork in 
America, for the use and behoof of the said College, and that the said Governors 
have leave to locate the quantity of lands allowed the said College out of any of 
the Crown Lands In the said province before any person or persons who have 
obtained orders for lands in the said province, are permitted to locate the same. 

And your Majesty's Petitioner, as In duty bound shall ever pray etc. 

(signed) James Jay. 

London, 17 July. 1764. —Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vll, pp. 643-5. 



Church of New York. 
Repairs. ]\IaTior of Fordham, 

New York. Jidy IS, l-fi4. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. Resolved, That the front of the New Church bo furnished with new sash 
windows, because the old panes are so broken as to be not worth roncw;il; the few 
panes remaining unbroken may serve for mending others. 

2. That a Balcony be made on the New Church such as Is on the Old English 
Church. 

.'?. That the cost of the three pieces of silver, which have been made into tnnk- 
ards, to be sent as a present to Amsterdam, be paid for out of the sale of the pews; 
and that the committee send the same by the first opportunity. 

4. It was further agreed that the arrears of rent due on the pews in the New 
Church shall not be demanded, for certain reasons: but henceforth payment shall 
be exacted. 

r». A deed was given to Theophilus llinu, of Westchostor, for a farm in the 
Manor of Fordham, marked on the map as No. 10; sold to him for £!).S8;17:8i,4 ; and 



1704 



'J J KcCLKSIArfTlCAl, KkCOUDS 

niioihor <Ic«h1, dlKnod nnd »onlo(l, to Keiijainlti Coriton, for ii piece of Utid In tb« 
Mtne Manor, nold to him for £iri7:7:4 Vii. Kor tbcie four bonda arc given bjr the 
Uid Theophlliiii Hunt. Anron Hunt, nnd Abrnni I.eKKett. whirb nre taken In place 
of the pnyinent of the Jlrsl InHljillnieni In ready iiione.v, iiciordintc to the ftrst 
•xreement. 

SlKiie.i el. v. 

J ltll7,<iiia. p. I. I'r<'sldent. 

h«>Ki»s <M' TifAMi, T<» rill-. L()in»s «»i riii; ]'i;i\ v Coiwrii.. .1 1 i,y 
23, ITOi, Ki.Nt.s (\)JAA-MK Ukckivks (CIk'ant oi Land. 
(»See Jri.Y 17.) 

To the IJIpht Honorable the Lords of the Conimll lee of His MmJi-hI.v'h Most 

Honorable I'rivy Council for Plantation AlTaIri*. 
My Lords. 

In pursuance of your Lordships Order of flic ITth Inst., we have tiiki-n Into our 
consideration the memorial and humble petition of Sir James Jay. Knight, In 
behalf of the Governors of King's College in the City of New York in America 
humbly praying "That his Majesty will be pleased to grant twenty thousand acres 
of land in the I'rovince of New York, free of the conditions of cultivation and Quit 
Kent, to the Governors of the College of the Province of New York In the ("ity of 
New Y'ork In America, for the u.se and behoof of the said College, and that the said 
Governors may have leave to locate the quantity of land allowed the said college 
out of any of the Crown lands in the said Province, before any person or persons 
who have obtained orders for Lands in the said Province are permitted to locate the 
same." 

Whereupon we beg leave to report to your I>ordslilps. that as thi.s new established 
Semlnarj' for the encouragement of Kellgion and useful learning appears to us to 
be a laudable Institution and as such has already been favoured with his Majesty's 
countenance and protection: we see no reason why your Lordships may not advise 
His Majesty to endow it with sucii a landed property as the I'etitloner requests, 
which will give It a greater respect and stability, and will under proper restrictions 
and prudent management be no inconsiderable addition to its present slender and 
precarious support; and therefore we beg leave to recommend that his Majesty's 
orders may be given to the Governor of New York to cause twenty thousand acres 
of land to be surveyed and laid out for this purpose in one continuous tract, in 
such part of the Province as the acting and resident Governors of the College 
shall choose, and upon a return of such survey to pass a I'atent for the same to 
the Governors of the said College as named in the Charter vV: their successors for- 
ever, for the use and benefit of the said College, with a power to the said Gov- 
ernors to grant leases of the premises for three lives or any term not exceeding 
ninety-nine years; reserving a rent to the College of at least one third of the 
Improved value. 

As to the request of the Petitioner that these lands may be granted free of Quit 
Rent, if His Majesty shall be pleased as a mark of his royal Grace and Favour to 
approve of such remission of the usual Quit Rent, we humbly recommend that an 
annual rent of 68, should be resen'ed to be paid by the President and Fellows of 
the College to the Governor or Commander in Chief of the Province sitting in 
Council in the Council Chamber on every Monday after Easter In each year; but we 
do not think It either expedient, or for the interest or advantage of the College, 
that this grant should be made free from the conditions of cultivation prescribed in 
His Majesty's instructions, or that It Is either just or equitable to allow that 
priority of location of the lands desired by tl'.e Pi-tltionor. 

We are etc., 

Hillsborough 
Geo. Rice 
J. Dyson. 
Whitehall, July 23, 1764. —Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vii, pp. 645-6. 



OF THE State of New York. 3943 

1764 

Correspondence From America. 

Revs. Freyenmoet, Mevier and Cock, to the Classis of Amsterdam, 

July 25, 1764. Vol. 33, page 81. Ko. 351. 

A letter from three neighboring ministers of the Flats, Revs. Freyenmoet, Meyer 
and Cock, dated. The Flats July 25, 1764, with some voluminous documents. 

I. The letter itself contains a statement of the cause for which, and the manner 
in which, these three ministers and their elders, at the request of the Rev. Consis- 
tory of the Flats, (Rhinebeck), came together there, and took action, on the case of 
Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg, minister at the Flats. They resolved, on account of 
his impenitence and stubbornness, for his many sins and misdemeanors, base and 
offensive as they were, to keep him under censure, until the Classis or the Synod 
of North Holland shall pronounce sentence upon him, for to these bodies he has 
appealed. 

ir. The accompanying documents contain the account 

1. Of the Acts of the neighboriug ministers and elders, Jan. 18, 1764, in the 
case of Rev. Van Hoevenberg. For very grave misdemeanors, they had judged him 
to be worthy of censure, without, however, dealing with him at once, because they 
wanted first to get the opinion of the ministers of New York and Albany. 

2. Of the Acts of these same ministers and elders, who at the same place, on 
May 5, 1764, censured and suspended Rev. Van Hoevenberg for ten weeks. Against 
this sentence, as well as against all that was done, he had already protested the 
day before. 

3. Finally: Of the conclusions of that Ecclesiastical Assembly, keeping Rev. 
Van Hoevenberg, under censure, because he showed no penitence during the term 
of censure, and was unwilling to make any confession or to preach a Penitential 
Sermon at its close. He was therefore continued under censure, until the Rev. 
Classis, before which they openly place this entire matter, shall have passed its 
sentence thereon. 

This provisional and continued censure was approved by the subordinated Ecclesi- 
astical Assembly at New York. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Eeport of Committee on tlie Affairs of Xew York and Xew Jersey. 

Ritzema and Van der Sman. 

Synodalia. 1764. Art. 48. The Classis report that its Deputatl ad res Exteras, 
iu pursuance of the resolution of the Synod of last year, (1763) caused to be made 
notarial (certified by oath before a notary) copies of the two letters addressed to 
the Synod ; the one in the name of John Ritzema, and the other in the name of the 
consistory of the Jagertje (Saugertios) church. These, our delegates to this Synod 
placed upon the table of Synod, while the originals were forwarded to New York, 
whence tidings have been received that the writer of these forged letters has been 
discovered. He is the Catechiser and Kranken-bezoeker, A. van der Sman, who in 
this way had sought to intrude himself, as pastor, into the church of 't Jagertje. 
For this he was not only censured, but also suspended and deposed from his office. 

xiv. 10. 

(See Minutes of Synod, July-Aug. 1763; March 8, 1764.) 

Acts of the Synod of Xorth Holland, July 31-Aug. S, 1764; 

Vol. 65. 

Article 47. 

Xew York and Xew Jersey. 

The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam reports that its Deputies on Foreign Affairs have, 
pursuant to last year's resolution, had notarial copies made of the two letters 



^•'■^\i l-<-<'LKSl ASTMAI. HKidUHS 

1764 

written to the S.vnc.l: otio In name of Ko\ . Jcilm l(ltx< inn. the other In th«» nnnie of 
tho CoHHlntorj- cif SnuBerllPK TUvno the lUpntleH Ic thlx S.vikmI Iny <in the SynoiPn 
table, the nr.KlnnU hiivlnjj he«n went to New York. Newt< htiH heen re<'elve<! frnin 
there, to the efTii-t thnt the wrltor ..f tlioHe forced letterH h.-id heen .llHr-nveriMl. anrl 
thm he In the CHl.Hhlr-er nml Vlnllor of the Slek. A. Viin iler Siniin. who hii<l iliereby 
iKinKlit to rn>W(I hIniHelf nn minister Into the rhureh lit SiMiKertieH Wherefore h«< 
bnM not (iiily Immmi renHnred, hut hIko NUHpended and de|ioxed from IiIh Hervl<-e)i. 

Their Hon. .MIjihtlneHHeH. the CorrcMpoiidlnj: KeleifnteH. the moderntorH and all th«» 
ClaHNlH thank the Uev. iL-is-ls of .Xnisierdani ff.r tlnm ilearlni: n|) nnilletw. 

IJkV. TIn/.KMA in Mk. .1o||.\ Wv.NKOOI'. uI- Kl.\(;Mn.\. Al<;. ^, 

17<;i. (('orv Ai.so Sk.nt to Ci.A.-sis <»!• AMsri;i{i»AM wnii 

( 'oNKH.KNI IK LkTJKK OF J f N p: 21. ) 

Advice from Klnssfon have compellpd uh to forward the following to tli<' I{.v. 
ClaMlB of AmRterdam : 
To Mr. .Tohn Wynkoop. Folder nt Kingston : 

I have rpcolvod yotir letter hy the hands of Mr. Crannor. nn I had also s"tne 
dayH hefore received one from Doni. Meyer. To the latter I had prepared nn answer, 
bnt had not yet sent It. so that there was an opportunity to read It to Mr. Cranner. 
lie approved It. h>it desired me to add somefhlnc which mlcht he more satisfactory 
to the Domlne : this I have done, and now dispatch It. hoping that you will see It. 
Otherwise I would communicate It to yo\i vrrhatim. while It Is In my power: h>it It 
Is too burdensome for me to make copies of my domestic correspondence, it belnB 
trouble enough to do that with letters to foreipn parts. 

I mourn your condition and that of the other concreRations. amonc which such 
a spirit of domination prevails that men will not he subject to a lawful subordina- 
tion, but seek to impose an unlawfiil subordination upon others. For they have 
set up. and mean still further to carry, the rule of the majority, by which they 
will be able to manage everything their own way ; and, for my part. I think I have 
satisfactory reasons for believinR that, if they succeed, they will so play the master 
(Hprlrn den bnnn) In all our conRreRations, that we shall Ret into a state of confu- 
sion from which there will be no recovery. Yet we do not desire, neither does the 
Classis, any such subordination as would conflict with the freedom which a subject of 
Great Britain has. Our subordination to the Classis means only and simply that we 
Kovern our churches here accordinp: to the ecclesiastical constituti'on of the Nether- 
lands, on which they are founded : and in consequence of which we are not a 
tolerated Church, as all dissenters are. t)Ut an established Church, according to the 
Articles of Surrender, when this country, which before was Dutch, became English. 
If. then, we withdraw ourselves from Holland, which we certainly do by refusing 
to be in becoming subordination. I expect that in time we shall bo considered 
dissenters, and lose our privileges as an established Church, and perhaps incur the 
danger of forfeiting our charters. For these were given to us as a Netherlandish 
Church : and how can we remain such, when we will not be governed by the 
Netherlandish Church rules, but will make ministers here of whomsoever we please, 
which is. Indeed, the principal thing aimed at? 

On this account. I am resolved to add to the letter already written to the 
Classis a copy of the oath which all functionaries here are required to take; and to 
ask the Classis to say that they wish no subordination inconsistent with that oath. 

Further, brethren, be united with each other, and stand as one man against the 
schismatics; for the least indulgence you grant will eaf like a canker, to your ruin. 
Be the opposer who he may, he must yield, or all is lost. The I..ord unite your 
hearts hereto in love. 

With due salutations. 

I am your friend and servant. 

.7. nitzema. 
New Y'ork. August 8. 1704. 

Dr. Meyer was not kind enough to make known all my letter to him. bnt read 
only parts of it, whereupon the Consistory resolved to read to him my letter to 



OF THE State of New York. 1)045 

Mr. John Wynkoop, and requested him to become subordinate to the Classis of 

Amsterdam, on the grounds stated in my letter. He replied according to their 
request, in writing, a copy of which here follows : 



Dominie Meyer's Position. 

" Being requested by the Consistory, consisting of the elders and deacons of the 
congregation, to give my opinion as to the propriety of yielding or refusing subordi- 
nation to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, my reply is this : For the satisfaction of 
my conscience in regard to the oath by which I adjured all foreign power and 
authority, etc., over things ecclesiastical or spiritual in this realm, my purpose was 
to consent no further personally to the subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
before I received the explanation of the Conferentie, wherein this subordination is 
stated to be such as may consist with the oath which is already taken by some, 
and may be taken by more. And still, to bring no bonds on my conscience concern- 
ing that oath, and out of fear of acting faithlessly, I find some difficulty in 
conceding to the Classis the right and power over our spiritual things, so long 
adjudged them, by which the right of ordination is denied to our ministers and 
congregations, and the sole decision of questions concerning ecclesiastical persons and 
assemblies here is given to the Classis. For the rest, I have no objection to a 
Christian and brotherly correspondence ; on the contrary, I desire in this way to 
be united with the Classis." 



Ritzema's Remarks ox Meyer's Position. 

See there. Rev. Brethren, what troubles again befall us ! We are asked not only 
to communicate these things to you, but also whether the people may not with the 
greatest propriety be released from such a minister — one whose course violates his 
call, and puts them in danger of forfeiting their charter if they keep him ; since 
they hold their church building and property, not as an independent church, but as 
standing under the Church Order of the Netherlands, determined in the Synod of 
Dort, 1618, 1619. 

Since my letter to Mr. Wynkoop expresses the true condition of our Church and 
the subordination we hold, and since we send the answer of Dom. Meyer to the Rev. 
Assembly for its judgment, we add only these observations : Dom. Meyer appears 
to make conscience of an oath which he took freely and without necessity, but not 
of his signing the Formulas at his ordination when called to Kingston, which 
pledged him expressly to the Church of the Netherlands and its Orders. Now, not 
only has he long known the unanimous decision of the Synod, in which the Synods 
of all the provinces were represented, that the churches here should be subordinate 
to the Classis of Amsterdam, but he has had copies of the last two letters in which 
the Rev. Classis defends its ancient right. We cannot, therefore, conclude otherwise 
than that he has a determined purpose either to destroy the peaceful and united 
congregation of Kingston, or else be driven out himself. 

As to the request of the Consistory, it has been difficult for us to reply. Yet. 
being assured of his obstinacy, and also of the unanimous purpose of the Consistory, 
yes, of the whole congregation, to have no minister who did not stand in due 
subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam, we resolved to advise them to warn him 
once again, and set before him the danger of refusing; but if all proved vain, to 
strengthen themselves with a neighboring Consistory, so as to put him under 
censure, and in the end remove him from the congregation. 

On one of the pages of our letter to the Classis, reference is made to the oath 
of allegiance, which was already copied on an additional note to be sent to you 
as a P. S. ; but, as we now shall probably have an opportunity to send direct to 
Amsterdam, and therefore need not be so precise about increasing the weight of our 
letters, we atljich it here, in order that the Classis may see the needless, if not 
wicked, notion of the Coetus brotherhood. It thus reads in the original tongue: 

106 



1764 



:;!»1«", KrcLKsiAsiKAi, I{i:»(>iU)s 



>i 



TiiK Cn II, ( )ai II. 

I. A. II., do Rinccrcly promise nnd swonr that I will be faithful and lionr true 
alloKlnnrp to his Nfojosty Klnj; Gcofkc the Third. So lielp ine God. 

I. A. II . do Rwrnr tlinl I do from my honrt nbhor, doteHt, and abjure, as Impious 
and hcrotlcal, that damn.nblo doctrine and position, that princes cxcomnuinlcnted or 
deprived by the I'ojio. or any other authority of the See of Home, may be deposed 
or munb-red by their subjects, or any other whatsoever ; and I do declare that no 
fiirelfjn prince, jierson, prelate, State, or potentate, hath, or oujjht to have, any 
jurlsillction, power, superiority, dominion, or authority, ecclesiastical or spiritual, 
within this realm. So help me God. 

This Is the oath about which so much excitement has been raised, yet every one 
sees that It has no reference to our Church state, but only to the preservation of the 
King aRalnst the power of Rome, etc. We humbly desire, therefore, that the Rev. 
Classis would please Insert these words In their answer to us — that they desire no 
other subordination that such as may consist with the oath of allegiance. This 
will strengthen the weak and stop the mouths of the malicious. 

Herewith we conclude, and subscribe ourselves, Ucv. Tathers and Brethren In 
Christ, with the utmost respect, 

Your servants and brethren, 

.T. Kltzema 
L. De Uonde. 

ClIUKCH OF XeW YoilK. 

German Cliiirch. Catechist. Rev. Laidlie. 

New York, August 20, 1764. 

1. A plan of the ground of the High Dutch Church was shown. By this, It was 
found that that church stood for some feet upon our ground. 

Resolved that these feet be leased to thcin for fifteen years for a compensation of 
a shilling a year. 

2. That Mr. Van der Sman be relieved from censure. 

.3. Mr. .Takobus Van Antwerp was appointed Catechist in the Knglish language. 
He is to receive from the church £!.■>. yearly, and from each catechuman two shil- 
lings per quarter ; and for this, he is to provide fire and light. 

4. That domine Laidlie henceforth shall render the communion service, with the 
preparatory and the thanksgiving sermons, in the New Church ; because the English 
members derive little or no profit from the service In Dutch. 

.'S. That £7:10 received from the seats bought for the children of Mr. Welp, be 
presented to him, in recognition of his trouble, in examining the accounts of Jan 
Montanye. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Church of Kingston. 
Request of the Elders of Kingston to Rev. Hermanns ]Meyer to 
Acknowledge Subordination to Classis of Amsterdam, nothwith- 
standing the Civil Oath. Ang. 23, 1764. 

No. 10. 

The Elders and Deacons for weighty reasons unanimously agreed to ask our 
Minister if he had any cause for objecting to acknowledge on our behalf subordina- 
tion to the Classis of Amsterdam, in accordance with the proposal made In a letter 
addressed by him to Do. Ritzema some time before. His answer was — that he found 
himself prevented from so doing by the oath of allegiance which he had taken. 
To this the Consistory replied : That they had no thought of acknowledging any 



OF TiiK State of New York. 394' 

subordination which should be inconsistent with this oath, or trench upon any free- 
dom which a subject of Great Britain might enjoy under that government, since we 
were certain that the Classis demanded nothing of this liind ; nor did the Consistory 
intend any other subordination than that only which consisted in the regulation of 
our Churches here by the Constitution of the Church of the Netherlands. To this 
there could be no objection for our Churches were based upon this Constitution and 
likely to adhere to it is secured to us by the Charter of the Crown of Great Britain. 
Being further desirous to understand accurately from the Dominie whether there 
was anything in our proposal disadvantageous to ourselves and to remedy it to the 
best of our ability if there were, after much reasoning we at length received at our 
request an answer from him in writing which is given below verbatim. 

CiruKCH OF Xew York. 
Letters received. Renting Seats. More Deacons. 

New York. September 27, 1704. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. Three letters from Amsterdam were delivered: viz., one from the Rev. Classis; 
one from Messrs. Longueville and Blenshall ; and one from Mr. Daniel Crommelin. 
These having been read, the consistory laid them on the table to be answered at 
another time. 

2. A plan was presented by Mr. Recorder for selling and renting the twenty-four 
last made seats in the New Church ; and the same was approved. 

3. It was agreed that the two seats which Mr. Mathews van Aalsteim has rented 
for many years, and which formerly were inscribed to some of the family of Jas. 
Ranaudet, shall be set over to the said van Aalsteim, provided he pays the church's 
price for them, and holds them under these conditions : of giving up one or both of 
them in case the widow Ranaudet or her son, the Doctor, should return here to live ; 
to be used by her or him, should they attend our congregation, and otherwise not ; 
and also repay the money e.xpended to the said van Aalsteim. 

4. That the seat of Christoffel Bancker which has become vacant shall be allowed 
to the nest of his family according to the old rule. 

5. Lastly, it was agreed that at the next election, two more deacons, than usual, 
shall be chosen, in order to lighten the service in the New Church of those who 
there are to officiate in their turn ; so that the number of deacons hereafter shall be 
ten ; and all to he of like authority and dignity. 

Signed etc., 

A. Laidlle, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Letters. 

1764, Oct. 1st. Art. 8. The Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras have received letters — 

From Colombo, dated January 25, 1764. 

From the Consistory of New York, dated May 12, 1764. Whereof the extracts are 
to be found in the Acta Deputatorum. 

They read to the Assembly a letter to the Consistory of Batavia, and a letter to 
the Consistory of Colombo. Both of these were approved for forwarding. 

XIV. 16. 

Acts of the Deputies, Oct. 1, 1764. 
Extract from a letter of the Consistory of iSTew York, per Rev, 
Ritzema, dated May 12, 1764. Vol. 33, p. 70. Xo. 347. 
Ai;i;i\'AL OF Ri:v. Laidi.ik. 

A letter from the Consistory of New York, dated May 12, 1764, signed by 
.Johannes Ritzema, Syn. h. t. I'raeses. 

1. They inform us of the safe arrival of Rev. Laidlie at New York on March 29, 
(1764) ; and that his Rev., (after that Rev. ]»e R^nde had preached on April 1st. 



1764 



r64 



:'.'.» IS Kcri.KSIASTI.AI. Ki:( nlM'S 

from 'J ThnoK .'< t<V •• Now Ihn I^>r<l of iioncf hlniHPlf jrlvo yon j»onr«» nlwnjH hy all 
roonnii :'° nn<l Krv Itllxoinn liml prciiflioil on April l.'ih. from Otindlnh, V8. 21. "Ami 
MirlonrM hIimI) ronip np on nmiint /.Ion. to JikIuo tlio niotinl of Khiiii ; and «lii' klnedom 
•hull Ih- th*' lA^rtVn; "i In Ihn nfl«Tnoon proBrliPfl hln InniiRiirnI from '_' Tor. Ti : 11. a, 
" knowlni; thcroforp Uio Irrmr of lljc Lord. \vp pcrHiiado men :" to llir Kroit sntlB- 
farllon of n Inriip tonKrr»:Htlon. Ilf kiivc hy hlw pdlfylnj; tPRohlnKS much hope of 
liloniM'd frnlt. 

:;. Thry thnnk thr Lord of tho linrvcKt for sonfllnc ihom hikIi n fnllhfnl 1 ii borer ; 
and oxprPHR nNo thoir cratltudc nnd oMiKntlon to tho I{<'v. ClnsslH for doing Its 
pnrt. nnd Hint no spopdlly. In Rondlnj; thorn this mnn. whoso nilnlRtry nlonj: with that 
of tho nilior mlnlHti-rs. thoy pruy. may bo blost to many. 

Afcor HKniuini; tho CjnHKls of their high rofard. thoy oIoho with ront'rni\ilnllons. 

('(>i;km:sim».m»i;.\(K I-'i.-om .\ m kimca. 

]li\. .!<>;iiiii<> iJilziiii;i In Ilrv. Wiii-'loii- llud.lc. Oct. :',, 17<;4. 

V..1. X), V. s-2. \.r\u-ro:r2. 

Ilovoroixl Sir nnd Mucli-Esteemod lirolher : 
Sir:— 

My letter to yonr Ilev. on the .'.th of .Inly. h.Tvinf: been despatched Ironi bore rmly 
lost month on aceount of want of opportunity to .send it. explained my dlffleiilty, on 
account of my not having received the Acts of Synod, nor any an.swer to the call 
of Queens County. Now. however, through the goodnesB of God. we are enabled 
to rejoice in the receipt of the Acts of Synod, with the accompanying letters, and the 
mlnlBter for Queens County is eagerly expected. On this account, further informa- 
tion thereon becomes unnecessary. 

In my letter I made a suggestion that the Classis should qualify three or four 
candidates, and send them over without definite settlements. This Is a thing of 
such eminent importance, on account of the decision of Classis and Synod (abo\it 
the Acts of the Coetus), that if the Ilev. Classis desires to free our Church from 
Independence, and to make her decision available, and to lead some of our Coetus- 
brethren to return to proper subordination, it will not only strengthen us. but 
compel them to obedience. If I had now three or four such (juallfled individuals at 
hand. I would be able to provide them with places, as good as any in this country, 
all of them situated on our beautiful North Uiver. between New York and Albany, 
In the heart of the country. They are congregations, also, which are able to bear 
the expenses of a call, and among which are found only a few who are in favor of 
the Coetus. Perhaps two of these churches will even resolve to send a call at once. 

The place of the aged Krickson. whom the Coetus has deposed, will now be filled 
again by a yo\ing man. Those ministers will in this very mouth, again ordain, 
according to their right of Independency, and that, as 1 am told, against the senti- 
ment of the greatest part of the Congregation, who. nevertheless, will have to foot 
the bills. If we now had had such a man. It would never have come to that. And 
we further hear that they have several more in readiness, whom they will press in, 
here and there, as "soon as the way is opened to the least extent. From this. I 
think, will appear the necessity of my suggestion, even if the Kev. Classes should be 
obliged for a while to loan some small amounts for the furtherance of such objects. 
For one. I will be gi>od for the repayment, if the individuals are provided with the 
necessary fpialificatlons. I will also receive and care for them. 

I desire one other thing In respect to this matter, viz.. that the names of those 
ministers who Ho not stand with us in subordination (to the Classis) be omitted 
from the Mlnl.sferiai Kegister. According to my view of the case, the Rev. Classis 
has nothing else to do than to declare, in her letters, that she recognizes none as 
Brethren, who withdraw their subordination. This business of subordination, that 
is allegiance ro the ("hurch of Holland or non-allegiance, has in this English country 
now such an importance, that the church of Kingstown, if she has not already done so, 
is on the point of deposing her minister, (Ilermanus Meyer.) He was sent by the 
Faculty of Oroningen (University) and came over with (.Jacob R.) Hardenbergh 
whose sister he has now married. They depose him becaiise they will not recognize 



OF THE State of New York. 8949 

1T64 

any one as their minister, except one who is subordinate to the Classis. Therefore 
I expect nothing else but to Lear shortly that his Rev. will have to seek another 
place where they desire such ministers. 

That I did not feel much like writing In behalf of domine Erickson is plain enough 
from my last letter to your Revs. But I knew nothing by myself, with any cer- 
tainty, to his detriment ; but my colleague, De Ronde, who has recently come from 
there, tells me to-day that Erickson's conduct has been very offensive. He has 
become so fond of strong drink, that it Is all the same to him what company he 
may be in, if only he can regale himself with an abundance of it. On this account, 
I would rather that my name should not be mentioned with reference to him, 
because I neither can nor ought to speak in their behalf, who live unworthy the 
Gospel. 

On some future occasion, I hope I may be honored again with a letter from your 
Rev. I handed yours, this morning, to my colleague, De Ronde. I might tell you 
something more about our present condition, but I prefer to use the utmost prudence, 
until I can communicate to you with greater certainty. Everything is yet incipient, 
but time will soon reveal It. 

I wish your Revs, all needed grace, and the blessing of the God of all grace, for 
the important duties of the ministry, and for a rich harvest, that many may be 
justified. Would that such a blessing might be seen once again among us, who are 
being consumed by quarrels and with desires for the mastery ; and that King Jesus 
would raise the banner of peace among us also ! I fear, however, a sad winter ; for 
already polemical letters are beginning to pass between the Presbyterians and 
Episcopalians ; and we have just now received such, from one who will probably 
join the former. And however careful we may be, we will be, more or less, drawn 
into the discussion. They are even now endeavoring to draw me into it, although 
I have always maintained a neutral attitude in this strife, and this attitude I hope 
still to maintain. I remember that golden maxim, " If it be possible, live peaceably 
with all men." Indeed I find that best in reference to others, having enough to do 
with mine own. 

Dear Sir, and Highly Esteemed Brother, I sign myself, with the greatest respect, 
Your Rev.' willing servant and brother, 

.Toannes Rltzema. 
New York. Oct. 3, 1764. 

Addressed: 

To the Right Reverend, and very learned Mr. Wlnoldus Budde, worthy and faith- 
ful minister of the Holy Gospel in the flourishing Congregation of Jesus Christ, at 
Amsterdam. 

CORRESPOXDEXCE. FrOM AmERICA. 

Rev. John C. Fryenmoet to the Chis&is of Amsterdam, Oetobei* 3, 
1764. Vol. 33, page 81. No. 350. 

Very Reverend Fathers and Brethren in Christ constituting the (Maasis of 
Amsterdam : — 
In the name, and by the order of the Rev. Consistories of the Four Combined 
Congregations of Poughkeepsle, Fishkill, New Hackensack and Hopewell, I have 
the honor, to convey to your Revs, the enclosed letter, with their humble request 
that you will please supply them, as soon as possible, with an orthodox, learned and 
pious minister. He must be one who will faithfully and constantly maintain the 
good order of the, church according to divine and human law: he must regard your 
Revs, as a High Assembly, and. therefore, with us subordinate himself to you, 
adhering with us. steadily and faithfully, to your Revs. In brotherly love. By such 
a man, with the assistance and blessing of God, the delaying condition of these 
congregations which call him. may l>e arrested, and the truth of our sound Confes- 
sion of Faith, and our pure discipline, according to our laudable Church Rules may 
be protected and defended against so many errors which interfere with doctrine and 
discipline. Such errors also flood the Church not only with all kinds of erring 
spirits from the outside, but also with such men as the promoters of the present 



.■•.l»."(i ICrcLKSiASTMAi, Hi:roHits 

1704 

t'orinn from tlif IntMr. I*n<lont»tiHll.v jmi )invp nlrmdy sron pxnm|>l<^n of thN, In 
Hir rotnplalnlii iirrfrrrrd to our miUirtllnnic McTllne Uln' fonforontlc) nt Now York 
on the 20th of Jiinr. nKilnxl Mi.mlno Sniiiuol Vorhryk. Mlnlnlrr nl Tnppnn. Mny th*" 
klDRdom of the piofli nnd jwwrrfnl I'riiiro .lomiK Ut> clorl'imly oxIimkIpcI In tlils Innd 
and mlahlliihrd. 

I ronnldf-r It dmlrnlilr In tliJH Ipltrr to lay lipforo yonr Kpvk. n fnlllifiil rpport of 
the prcupnt rondltion of thP8P ronKrogntlonB. Tlins ymi tuny not only pprcelve 
thprpfrom tho nrrcMlly and Importance of this mil. Init also be the bettor prepared 
to aend an able man to theae chtirchea. I dpslre further to make you understand 
the ftronndlPBunPRK of the false nnd lying arcuRatlonH agnlnHt my procerdlnKs In 
Ibeae conKrepntlons, which some of the C'oetua brethren liiive threatened to prefer 
l>efore you. 

rouphkerpfile nnd KIshklll are two large rrmKrecntlons. from which the other two, 
Ilackeniinrk nnd Ilojiewell, have sprunp. It wna with the consent nnd approval of 
the ("onslstorlpfi of F'luhklll and roughkeepsle that they were organized as separate 
conprecatlons. The growth of the two largo congregnflons was. howpver. much 
retarded, by tlie grevloiis misunderstandings and dissmslons which arosp between 
their pastor. Itomine II. Minema. (Meynema). and the Consistory and congregations 
of roughkeepsie and later, also, of FIshklll. These rose so high, that finally for the 
sum of £3O0 of our money, ($700.) Domlne Meynema was compelled to cease bis 
services among them. 

This made an opening for the call of a poorly educated Coetus youth, named 
Jacobus van Nest. But the breach among them was not thereby healed. It became 
only greater; for. during his ministry, which was cut short by an early death, the 
Consistories of both congregations wholly surrendered themselves to the present 
Coetus; that Is. they withdrew from the jurisdiction of your Revs. They bragged 
and boasted, that now they were delivered from the Papal yoke of subordination to 
the Classis : for such, and much worse, is their constant and foul language. They 
say that they have as good a right to examine and ordain as the Classis has; and 
that, therefore. It was (not) to be endured that any other persons should ever 
again come among them for church service except those who are fully subordinate to 
the present Coetus ; that no others shall be allowed to preach In their churches 
except Coetus preachers. For this reason, and for lack of (new) members, their 
number In each congregation Is very small. There is only the Consistory with a 
very few adherents, and the same men are reelected yearly Into the Consistory. 
Also I have been forbidden the church at Poughkeepsie because I am not a minister 
who belongs to the Coetus. 

Now all this embitters the congregations against their Consistories not only, but 
also against the Coetus. They are also grieved and distressed as to how to extri- 
cate themselves from such a miserable condition. For they are destitute of the 
ministry of the Word as well as of the seals of the covenant, except by ministers of 
the Coetus; but with these, the congregations will have nothing to do. Therefore 
they finally addressed themselves to me and asked me to conduct the services occa- 
sionally among them. This invitation I accepted ; first, in the congregations of New 
Ilackensack and ITopewell which were more peaceable, for their Consistories did not 
belong to the Coetus ; and subsequently at FIshklll, but only with the consent of the 
Consistory. I have now served these congregations for three or four years, although 
I live between 70 and 80 miles from them. During this time I have taken trouble 
to be very careful to reconcile the dissenting parties, and to have them call an 
orthodox pastor, subordinate to your Itevs. Put all my efforts were in vain, 
because the Consistory of I-^ishkill obstinately stood to their resolution not to have 
anything further to do with the Classis or Synod, but only with the Coetus. They 
were, therefore, determined to call, contrary to the will and wish of the congrega- 
tion, a young man who was to be examined and promoted (by the Coetus) against 
the express prohibition of the Classis and Synod. 

At length the congregations of New Ilackensack, Hopewell. Kloof, (Clove), with 
the dependant one of FIshklll Ferry, resolved to send a call to Domine Blaaw, Min- 
ister at the Gansegat (Fairfield, N. J.) This was done in the presence of myself 
as adviser. ITe, however, raised difficulties about accepting the call, because not the 
Consistory of Fishkill. but only a committee of the congregation had signed it. 
These obedient members of the congregation now urgently requested me to help them 
to a Consistory that their call might be made complete ; for their Coetus consistory 



OF THE State of New York. 3951 

would not do this. At first, I found many difficulties in ttie way ; but after con- 
sulting with my Consistory, and after examining and considering, with six of my 
Elders, the condition of the Fishliill congregation, we found ourselves compelled by 
our consciences, to provide them with a Consistory. We did not do this, however, 
without taking the advice of the Rev. Ministers at New York and on Long Island. 
These gentlemen unanimously thought that the congregation ought to be provided 
with a Consistory. 

Before carrying out this advice I tried once more to bring the Consistory of Fish- 
kill to a better mind, urging them to submit themselves to your Revs. I read to 
them, for that purpose, your letter of the 3rd of October, 1763, with the resolutions 
of the Synod which were in it. But again it was all in vain. For after much 
scoffing and abuse, with reproaches upon the Classis and Synod, I finally received 
from the oldest Elder, Jan Brinckerhoff, in the name of the whole Consistory, in 
which the Poughkeepsie body was included, the following answer : They believed 
that, (Nota Bene, oh! abomination!) he commits a sin against the Holy Ghost who 
deserts the Coetus and submits to your Revs. They consider the Coetus fully 
authorized and empowered to do all that they had done or undertaken ; to examine 
and to ordain independently of Classis and Synod. 

Seeing that they were incorrigible, I proceeded with the obedient members of *he 
congregation to elect a Consistory, and I ordained them. All the proceedings in 
regard to this matter, I laid upon the table of our subordinate Meeting (Coiiferentie) 
last June. It was not only unanimously approved, but I was also heartily thanked 
for it. 'Poughkeepsie was also in similar circumstances, as an Elder and a Deacon, 
who have not surrendered to the Coetus, clearly proved in our Meeting. I'hey 
requested, to be provided with a legal and loyal Consistory in the same way as 
Fishkill, and the Meeting authorized me and Domine Koch, (Cock), minister at the 
Camp, to perform this duty. How well or badly we have executed our commission, 
your Revs, may see from the enclosed copy of our minutes, which we send to you for 
your consideration. 

Meanwhile Domine Blaaw, with thanks, declined the call to Fishkill and the other 
congregations. This compelled the Consistories to proceed to make out another call, 
and to give the honor of it to your Revs, according to their written obligations. A 
sample of these is enclosed : They do this, hoping and wishing and praying that, 
agreeably to your sanctified discretion, and your good-will to promote the welfare 
of our Dutch Zion. and as an instrument in the hands of the Great Shepherd, Jesus, 
you will send over such a pastor for this congregation. Let him be a man after 
God's own heart ; may he guide and feed the flock with knowledge and discretion ; 
may be be like Apollos, mighty in the Scriptures and able to stop the mouths of the 
adversaries : but let him be also of a lovable and friendly disposition in his inter- 
course with the people, inasmuch as lack of these qualities was the leading cause 
of the rupture between Domine Meynema and his congregation. Above all, let him 
adorn our holy Confession of Faith with an exemplary life and pious walk. 

These congregations would now be able to call two pastors, if there were not so 
many who defer signing for a lawful teacher until your Revs, shall have declared 
this (Henricus) Schoonmaker, ordained in so remarkable a manner, to be unauthor- 
ized in our church. This I humbly request to be done soon, even as you formerly 
did in my behalf in regard to my ordination by Domine Dorsius. Thus he may be 
prevented from preaching and administering the sacraments ; and entire quiet and 
peace may be restored to these congregations by the coming of an authorized pastor. 
There are also others, who delay signing, until a preacher comes over on this call. 
They fear that perhaps another Meynema might come, to whom they would be 
bound. Therefore I sincerely pray that Jehovah, who wisely directs everything, 
may endow your Revs, with a double amount of wisdom and discretion in selecting 
a teacher for these congregations. And may He crown, wifh all desired blessings 
here, and with the reward of faithful servants hereafter, the labors and unweariea 
cares, which from time to time your Revs, have employed, for the welfare and the 
benefit of our Dutch churches, and which you are still employing. 

With most devout respect I sign. 

Reverend Fathers and Brethren in Christ, 
Your obedient servant and brother, 

J. C. Fryenmoet, V. D. M. : in the 
Manor of Livingston, Claverack and 
Poughkeepsie, October ti. 17C4. Kinderhook. Aetatis 43. 



1764 



176 4 



!I!>r>U ICcci.KSiAsriiAi. KK.roRits 

iJi-\. Namiii Skaui i;v io imk S<miiiv loit I'i;<>i'AiiA iim; iiik 

Gosi'Ki.. 

Jiinmlr-n. «)<l..lM.r ••.lli. \H',4. 
ICoTproiKl Sir - 

Slurc my liiKt Ifttcr to the IIohodmI Society we Inivc liiiil ii lone vlwli from Mr. 
Whltfli-l«I In thU Colony wli.-nr lie has |)n-!ii'h<M| fiviin.-ntly, rmuvinlly In tho City 
of N<Mv York and in tliJH Island, fie I am norry to say he lina had more Inllueuce 
than fonnerly A: I fear has done a ftrnxi deal of misehlef his Tenets \- .Method of 
Hreaehlnp have Ikhmi adopted by many of the DIssentliiK teachers, <\: this Town 
In iiortlculnr has n continual I had almost said n dally succession of Strolling 
Preachers A: Exhorfers; & the poor Church of England Is on every occasion niis- 
represente<l as I'oplsh & a« toachInK her members to expe<'t salvation on account 
of their own Works & deservings— I have In the most moderate manner endeav- 
oured to set these things In their true light & I think not without success, none of 
my own people have been led away by them, though I have not been without 
apprehensions on their account, and I hope that friendly Disposition & mutual 
Intercourse of good Otflces which have always subsisted betwwn the <hur<'h people 
A: dissenters since I have been settled here & which I have constantly endeavmirefl 
to promote will meet with but little Interruption. 

I am etc.. etc. 

Siinnii'l ScilMiry. 
—Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. III. p. Uitt. 



The Coxsistokv dk Kixgstox to IJkvs. Fkyk.xmoet and Cock, 
.v.xj) Theik Coxsistokies, October t>, 1704, 

No. 1. Kingston, October 9, 1764. 

To the Rev. J. C. Fryenmoet, V. D. M. in Manor Livingston and Uev. G. D. 
Cock, V. D. M. In Camp and Rhinebeck with their respective Conalstories : — 

We the undersigned the ('onslstory of the Netherlands Reformed Churcli at 
Kingston In Ulster County in the Province of New York, being desirous to be 
subordinate in a becoming manner to the Classls of Amsterdam in accordance with 
the Constitution of the Netherlands Reformed Church, and to adhere to the whole- 
some government and (."onstitution of tiie Church:— having been brought into diffi- 
culty with our Minister, Hermanns Meyer, who to our sincere regret has been 
guilty of such conduct as we regard shameful in the eyes of men and injurious to 
the (Jhurch of God, namely, in exciting divisions in his C'hurch, in despising ecclesi- 
astical coiinsel, and in opposing the request of the Consistory to acknowledge with 
them proper subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam; which things we consider 
to be inconsistent with the Call in answer to which Do. Meyer came over to us, 
and also with his own declaration in the letter accepting the same, and in direct 
opposition to the imanimous resolution of the Rev. Synod of North Holland:— For 
these reanons we request the Ministers and Folders above named to grant us a lawful 
hearing, in a manner becoming our religion and the Laws of the Church established 
at Dort; and we ask that, if the charges be found of sufficient weight, ecclesiastical 
discipline may be administered. This Is our prayer. 
(Signed) 
f Lucus Elmendorph C Johannes Wynkoop 



Deacons. J Kzechlel Masten ^^ 1 .Tohannes Turk 

j Benjamin ten Broek ' j Cornells Persen 

I Coenraad Job. Elmendorph I Jau van Due«en 



OF THE State of New York, ^5953 

1764 

Rev. G. D. Cock to Rev. IIerma:^us Meyer, Oct. 9, ITH-t. 

No. 2. 

Kpv. Sir and beloved Brother in Christ:— 

We have heard with sincere regret of the dififerences existing between yourself 
and your Consistory, and Do. Fryenmoet and myself have been requested by your 
Consistory to lend our assistance In devising a way in which these difficulties may 
be composed. In the prosecution of this design there have been laid before us by 
your Consistory the following charges against yourself:— Of exciting division in the 
Church— of despising ecclesiastical counsel— of refusing to acknowledge subordina- 
tion to the Classls of Amsterdam, and in connexion with this of opposing the 
request of the Consistory to act upon this subject. We now in all kindness request 
you to appear before us in the Consistory Room, this afternoon at two o'clock in 
order to reply to these charges and defend yourself against them— that by these 
means we may put an end to these difficulties and restore the peace so precious 
to the Church of Christ. This is the object for which we have come together and 
we hope that the Lord will bless our endeavors. 

Awaiting your appearance before the Convention or an answer to this note we 
assure you of our affection and respect, 

In the name, and by order of the Convention, 

Your obedient servant, 

G. D. Cock. 
Consistory Room, 

Kingston, Oct. 9th, 1764. 

P. S. Since writing the above we have received your note, to which the above 
may serve as reply. 

Rev. IIermaists Meyer to Rev. G. D. Cock, Etc Oct. 9, 1764. 



Rev. Sirs:— 

I was requested last night by two of my Elders, Johannes Turk and Cornells 
Persen to meet with the Convention at the Consistory Room— and again this morn- 
ing, 1 have received a farther communication and request. I wish therefore to be 
informed by you in writing what you desire of me— and in what light I am to look 
upon your Convention. 

In expectation of your written reply upon these points, 

I am, 

Your obedient servant, 

H. Meyer. 
Kingston, Oct. 9th, 1784. 

Rev. IIermaxus Meyer to Revs. G. D. Cock and J. C. Freyen- 
moet, October 9, 1764. 

No. 4. 
Rev. Sirs:— 

I learn from your letter that you have come hither at the request of oiir Consis- 
tory and not only that but that our Consistory has also delivered to you charges 
against me. On accounit of these you request me to appear before you at two 
o'clock thiB afternoon in order to reply to them and offer my defence. 

Under these circumstances I have concluded to inform you in writing that since 
these charges (which hitherto have been concealed from me) have been made by 
our Consistory and by them formally presented, I am not dlsinflined but on the 
contrary am entirely willing to be informed of them and openly to reply to them; 
but I must at the same time declare that I am no less desirous that the Convention 
before which I am to appear and defend myself Ik* lawfully constituted in accord- 
ance with the rules of our Church and the laws of our land; slnoo as an ecclesi- 
astical person 1 have pledged myself by signing the constitution of our Church (as 



:;:»."j Ecclksiasthai, IJkc okhs 

I 'li<l nt my ordfnnllon) to adlioro to It, nnd iih n Huhjcot of IiIh MaJoNty <>( r.roat 
KrMaiti I nni Imiind to <'onforni to hl» InwH and al»o |M<riiiitlod to I'lijoy thoir 
prot«»<tlon. 

For ilio»o roBBoiis I niiinot n'>r:irrl ynnr Tom I'liilon jih r<'»riilar kIik-o If Ih In 
sooordanrc nolthor with the laws of the f'hurph nor the laws of thp land— Inasmuch 
■a the mInUter and ConRlwtory of the nolRhborlnjc f'hnrch (that of the Paltz) are 
not promt, which Ih In rotiiravontlon of tlio 70th Art. of our rhiimh lawH;— and 
since I>o. (;ock ko far ns I am Informed Ih hIIII an alien or fon-lKiH-r and tlu-refore 
by the laws of onr land cannot sit as Judire In any matter. 

On these Kionnds I protest aKiil'if^t your acts and proceedingH ami re<o;;iil7,e yon 
■ s no lawful jtidges of my conduct, and connlder myself In no way hound to appear 
before you. 

In addition I say— that If our ronsl.story shall choose to cjill a lawful fonven- 
tion— one that shall confonn to the laws of our fhurch and of our land and shall 
cite me to appear before it, I shall be ready to appear (o listen to the accusations 
and to reply to them. —And 1 in kindness request you to make known thiK my desire 
to the Consistory. And further, to Inform them that however soon they may call 
such a regular Convention (and, surely, not a word can be said against the measure) 
I shall give my utmost endeavor to be ready to appear before it. 

Awaiting your written reply, as to what action yourselves and our Consistory 
shall take In these premises, I continue to Implore for you that light and wisdom 
oupled with the fear of the Lord, which are necessary to guide you. 
Rev. Sirs, 

Your obedient servant, 

Flerm. Meyer. 
Kingston, Oct. !>, 1764. 

Rkv^. J. (\ Fi;i;vi:.vMOKT and G. 1). Cock to Rev. IIermaxus 
Meyer, (Oct. 9, ]7<U.) 

No. .0. 

Rev. Sir and Respected Brother:— 

We have been astonished to learn from your letter that you regard our Conven- 
tion a.s unlawful because the neighboring Consistory of Paltz has not been requested 
to fonn a part, and that on this account you do not consider yourself bound to 
appear before us, but that you are willing to appear before any other lawful Con- 
vention which the Consistory may call. After communicating this your proposi- 
tion to your ("onsistory we together with them have passed the following Resolu- 
tion, Nan)ely— That the first reason for which you pronounce our Convention unlaw- 
fal is entirely without foundation since it is well enough known that Camp and 
Rheinbeck and even according to our most careful computation the Manor of Living- 
ston are much nearer than Paltz and Schaowengkon — besides if it were true that 
the I'altz Church Is the nearest we would not act in conne.xion with it because it 
acknowledges the Coetus which itself is the occasion of all this difBculty. 

And what constitutes your second reason having reference to Do. Cock— namely, 
that he is an alien or foreigner we consider of the same nature, as your taking the 
oath of allegiance which in your opinion is inconsistent with subordination to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. For if Do. Cock may not judge In Ecclesiastical matters, 
the right to do which is essential to his office, then his action in all other particu- 
lars which concern his otHce must be equally illegal. For these reasons your Con- 
sistory adheres to its opijiion and resolution and regards onr Convention as In 
accordance with the Constitution of our Church and the laws of our land, and urges 
upon us Its request that we would proceed in this matter according to ecclesiastical 
usage. This request and resolution of your Consistory we communicate to you and 
in their name we affectionately request you once more and for the last time to appear 
before us that this unpleasant business may be brought to an end. In expectation 
either of your appearance before us within an hour, or of a reply, and Imploring 
for you the counsel of the Lord and his blessing. 

We subscribe ourselves in the name, and by order of the Convention, 

Your obedient servants, 

J. C. Fryenmoet 
G. D. Cock. 



OF THE State of New York. 39 



oo 



1764 



Ubv. Heeaianus Heyeu to Eevs. J. C. Freyexmoet axd G. D. 
Cock, Oct. 9, 1764. 

No. 6. 
Rer. Sirs:— 

That the Church of Paltz is the Church nearest to ours appears from the nature 
of the case, for it borders upon our Congregation of Kingston, and this neither 
the Church of Camp and Rheinbeck, nor that of Livingston Manor does. You say 
that this Church acljnowledges the Coetus; but this does not touch the case for 
the Constitution of our Church does not enquire whether it is a Church belonging 
to the Coetus, or a Church belonging to the Conferentie, but whether it is a Church 
of the Lord, which with the body of the Netherlands Churches adheres to the 
Common Constitution. If the principle of your objection is just, and this be not 
the meaning of our laws, what hinders me from saying in return that your Churches 
belong to the Conferentie and that therefore I will have nothing to do with them. 

That an alien may not justly sit as judge the law will sutHciently establish. 

I adhere therefore to my protest and the remarks which accompanied it. and I 
further declare that it has much astonished me that you who profess to seek peace 
have been unwilling to join with me in appointing another Convention before whlcti 
we could lay our affairs with mutual satisfaction. I have proposed and requested 
such a course of my Consistory on many previous occasions and again lately have 
renewed the request by Do. Cock. This course only shall satisfy me. and it as I 
trust will tend to the restoration of mutual peace. I therefore again bring it to 
your notice, before the difficulty increases, as it is natural to suppose it will, and 
I request that you as messengers of peace will strive to incite my Consistory, by 
urging it upon them as their duty demanded by the Word of God, to show them- 
selves willing to promote the peace of the Church In the way suggested. Thia 
letter will be an additional evidence of my deeire for peace. 

The Lord be judge between me and my Consistory, and between me and your- 
selves. I subscribe myself. Your obedient servant, 

H. Meyer. 
Kingston, Oct. 9, 1764. 

The Convention at Kingston for the SoCalled Trial of 
Rev. Hermanus Meyer, Oct. 9, 10, 1764. 

On the 9th of Oct. Do. J. C. Fryenmoet, Minister of Manor Livingston, and Do. 
G. O. Cock, Minister of Camp etc., with their respective Elders, Capt. Jobs. Best 
and Capt. Jacob Dekker, Elders of Manor Livingston, and Philip Klum and Cor- 
nelius Miiller, Elders of Camp etc., at the request of the Consistory of Kingston 
came together at 10 o'clock A. M. in the Consistory Room, to act ecclesiastically 
upon the important difficulty between them and their Minister, and to seek to 
adjust the same. Their Convention was opened with an earnest prayer by Do. J. 
C. Fryenmoet. 

Whereupon the request of the Consistory was read to us, together with their 
names:— 

Elders Deacons. 

Johannes Wynkoop Lucus Elmendorph 

Johannes Turk Ezechiel Marten 

Cornells Perseri Benjamin ten Broek 

Jan van Driesen Conraad Jacob Elmendorph 

Therein they accuse their Minister, IIerraan\is Meyer, of several sins— namely : 

I. Of exciting Schism in the Church; 

II. Of despising ecclesiastical advice; 

III. Of refusing to acknowledge subordination to the Rev. Cla.ssis of Amsterdam 
and in connexion therewith of rejecting the request of the Consistory for friendly 
conference upon the subject. 



I'.!)."C» IC((i.i;siAsri<Ai- Hi:i (iiins 

Wliprcui>«n tho Convention rcsolvod iinnnlmouRl.v to arqiialnt l>o. Mover of these 
rliargiH mill HtTrttloiintfly to r<Miiii-sI lilin lo ii|i|>i'iir In-fore »i» nl 2 orlock thla 
aflpnioon to ilefen<l hlniHt-lf ncnlnHt them, thiit liy tlicHe in<>niiH a way nil^ht be 
found of componInK the dlflloulty between lilni and IiIm ConHlKlory and rebtortng 
prerloiiR penee to th<>!«> under their charge. 

TIiIh n'woliitlon l«i-lnk' )>ns(*<d, before o>ir letter was sent to him, we rceclvcd from 
hini a letter addrehHcd to uh— to wlilrh our lettf-r iilrendy wrliloii t*erveil :ih a reply. 
the ^Miiie hitvlriK' bei-ii rtad before the ConHlHtory and fully iipprove*!— To thlM letter 
I>o. .Meyer re(nriie<l nil answer In whieh be deebired tliiil our ronveiitloii w.is 
lllc^gnl and rontr.-iry to the usage of the <'liui>'h, since the CoiisLslory of the 
nelgblxirliig ('hunb at the I'altz had not been Invited to send a deleifalloii, anil on 
this aecount he said he did not eonylder himself obliged to appear before us; but 
he promlsi^l to appear before any other lawful Convention whieh tlii! Consistory 
might call. The above being at his request made known to the Consistory of 
Kingston we with them passed the following resolution— Namely ; That the liist 
reason for whloh he considers our Convention unlawful I. e. because the Minister 
and Conslstorv of the neighboring Church as he considers that of Paltz have not 
been summoned In accordance with Art. 9.— Is entirely without fouiidallon— for - 
certainly It If w( 11 enough known that RhelnWck and Camp and according' t'l o;ir 
best Information Livingston Manor are mucli nearer than I'altz and S<-ha()\veii>:o- 
k< UK— an<l beside-, we unanimously agree that If the Chnrr-h mentioned were the 
nearest It woM.d not be able to act since It acknowUnlges the ("oetus. 

And as for the matter of the remaining reason— the charge that I>o. Cock Is an 
Allen and a foreigner we consider of the same character— as the fact that he has 
taken the oath of allegiance which he considers Inconsistent with the subordlnatlou 
to the Classls of Amsterdam. Kor If Do. Cock may not have a share in the juri**- 
dlctlon of the t'hurch which Is an essential part of his office certainly it Is entirely 
unlawful for him to dlscharue the other duties of his office. For these reasons the 
Consistory of the Church of Kingston adhere to their opinion and resolution, and 
consider our Convention as regular and lawful, urging us to proceed to ecclesiastical 
action and desiring us to make known this their resolution and request to Do. 
Meyer, and once more and for the last time affectionately to Invite him to appear 
before us and bring this uni)leasant alTalr to an end. 

This was done— a letter to this elTect having Ijeen written and approved by the 
Convention it was sent to him in the renewed expectation either of his person.-il 
appearance before us, or an answer by the bearer of our letter. We received an 
answer— in leference to which the Consistory remarkeil- that the reasons on 
account of which Do. Meyer sought to make out our Convention to be Irregular 
and unlawful and for which lie had so far refused to ai)pear before us did not 
prove the point at which they aimed— that we could not receive his protest because 
he now refused to acknowledge subordination to the Cfassis of Amsterdam and at 
this very time stood under no Classls In Holland— that his observation In reference 
to Do. Cock had no relation to Ecclesiastical affairs and therefore could be nothing 
to this Convention— that we could not acknowledge the ('hnr^-h of the Talfz as a 
Church which receives the Constitution of the Netherlands Chnrches— for certainly 
It does not adhere to it, but directly ojijioses Itself to it. Inasmuch as It acknowl- 
edges the Coetns, and the (foetus not only refuses to acknowledge subordination to 
the Classis of Amsterdam although by the resolution of the highest Church Court 
of the Netherlands, the Synod of North Holland it was most kindly directed so to 
do, but continually and repeatedly breaks through that subordination by positive 
acts In disregarding the express prohibition of the Classls and the Synod against 
examining and ordaining youtb. 

The Convention in accordance with the last request of Do. Meyer earnestly 
recommended to tiie Conslstorj- of Kingston his terms of reconciliation as he called 
them and urged them to fall in with a plan proposed by Do. Meyer for restoring 
peace. But the (.'onsistory unanimously decided that it had been Impossllde all 
along to restore peace In this way— and they therefore unanlniously persevered In 
acknowledging us as the neighboring Consistories, and requested that we would 
proceed as a Convention regularly and lawfully organized, to act upon their 
differences. 

The Convention thereupon resolved to ask of the Consistory of Kingston reasons 
and proofs of their charges brought by them against their minister— and 



OF THE State of New York. 3957 

1764 

I. In reference to his Contempt of Ecclesiastical Advice. 

Do. Meyer was requested in all kindness by the Consi.story and several particular 
members of this Church, to suffer himself to be married by Do. AVesterlo of Albany 
and not by Uo. Hardenberg who was a minister of the Coetus and the genuineness 
and lawfulness of whose ordination was disputed in the Church. This request was 
made in conformity to the unanimous desire of the Church and becau.se the opposite 
course would occasion great displeasure, especially since particular members of the 
Church had promised him more than once that they would bring down Do. Westerlo 
from Albany and carry him home again rather than have unpleasant feelings 
awakened in the Congregation on this account. But all this counsel both of the 
Consistory and of particular members of the Church Do. Meyer despised and suf- 
fered himself to be married by the above mentioned Hardenberg on which account 
universal displeasure was felt throughout the Church. These facts were established 
by Mr. Jan Jansen and Joh. Du Bois who at that time were Elders, and by Mr. 
Frantz Henrikson who then was Deacon as well as by the present Elders and 
Deacons who were then in office with them. Mr. Petrus Edm. Elmendorph also 
testified that he had promised Do. Meyer to bring Do. AVesterlo from Albany at the 
time mentioned at his own expense. Conraad Jacob Elmendorph also who is now 
a Deacon and then was a member of the Church, declared that he, as Doctor riding 
about a great deal in the Congregation and thinking there was reason to anticipate 
general dissatisfaction, had besought Do. Meyer not to be married by Do. Harden- 
berg even if he was lawfully ordained but by Do. Westerlo since the other course 
might occasion disturbance, offering him by way of defraying the increased expenses 
five pounds. Jacobus Elten testified to the same effect— that he before harvest 
spoke to Do. Meyer in reference to his marriage by Do. Hardenberg and said to 
him that he as a shepherd should seek the peace of his flock and that therefore 
be should not be married by Do. Hardenberg but should follow the advice of his 
Consistory which warned him of discord and dissatisfaction in the Church. To 
which Do. Meyer replied that by adopting his own course he would show the Con- 
sistory and the Congregation that he regarded Hardenberg as a lav/ful minister 
and that he himself would not be entirely subject to the dictation of the Church. 

On Oct. 10th, at nine o'clock A. M. Do. J. C. Fryenmoet and Do. G. D. Cock 
with their respective Elders as above named again came together as a Convention 
to li.sten further to the proof that Do. Meyer had despised ecclesiastical advice. 

Mr. Jan Jansen who formerly was Elder and Joh. Wynkoop and Joh. Turk ruling 
Elders united in testifying that they, fearing that Do. Meyer by his marriage might 
perhaps come under the Coetus, had made a formal request to him to maintain peace 
and unanimity with them and that he in reply had pledged himself to make his 
action in all particulars conform with their own. If the Consistory wished to 
remain neutral he would do so. If the Consistory wished to be under the Coufer- 
entie he would concur with them. This promise, they testify he had broken since 
according to the declaration of the Consistory he in the sequel refu.sed to act in 
concert with them. Mr. John Turk ruling Elder al.so testified that Do. Meyer 
regarded the Coetus as a lawful Classis, notwithstanding that he previously had 
not approved of it; and that by so doing he had given occasion of discord. 

And Secondly— that Do. Meyer and his Consistory of Kingston having met together 
In the Consistory Room on the afternoon of Sunday July 8th, Do. Meyer himself 
called the attention of the Consistory to the necessity and also the advantage of 
subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam, and that consequently they agreed to 
meet on Thursday to pass a resolution upon the subject, and to take measures for 
communicating the same to the great Consistory in order to receive their assent. 
AVhereupon Do. Meyer hmself presented the subject of subordination to some of 
the great Consistory and asked them whether they did not agree with him in 
regarding it proper and advantageous for them to acknowledge the same. On 
Thursday the Consistory came together for the purpose specified and unanimously 
passed a resolution in favor of subordination— which was approved by the greater 
part of the great Consistory (a single voice only dissenting). This resolution Do. 
Meyer himself drew up and brought to the Consistory meeting— and that it was 
approved by the whole Consistory appeared from a copy of it which Mr. Wynkoop 
In our Convention testified to be a true cony. 

This resolution Do. Meyer agreed to forward to Do. Ritzema at New York but on 
the Saturday following in the presence of John Turk one of his Elders and also of 



:\U7)S I'rtl.KSIASI K Al, Hk<(iK|iS 

1764 

til.' John lurk tcsilfyliiK'. Hio <-.illi "f alli-ulnin'i- to Croiit llrll.iln \v:is di-nianrlcfl of 
him liy t'<>l. Al>nili. UiiftcnJirfx-k. iiiid Alirnliiini vim K<>iiron niiil Krniitz I'olti Rnggen. 
Thi'so Ix'ltiB nski'rt by tills Klilrr for wliiit rt-asnii tlicy iiijido IIiIh iloiniiiid the answor 
wns mado— (lint tliry protrslcd nRalnst tlio rpKolntl«in of the Consistory confomlng 
subordination to tho Clnnsls of Anifilonlani. On tlip followlnR day, Sunday. Do. 
Mryor narralod thcso rirrnnislanrrs to the Consistory, after si-nnon. and sljrnlflprl 
his wish to confer with the Consistory In rpferonrc to this deniiind. 'J'lic Consis- 
tory thrrcfore nnaninionsly iiKrood to meet in the Consistory Itoom the next day, 
Monday at two oVloek I'. M. to eonslder the reasons for whieh tills n.ath was 
demanded. Hut the KIder .Toh. Wynkoop, having learned on Sunday evening that 
Major raling was to come to tho place on Monday forenoon, suspected that Do. 
Meyer niiffhl perhaps take the oath before their meeting in the afternoon. He 
therefore desired Dr. Coenr Elmendorph one of the Deacons to request Do. Meyer 
that If Major I'aling should come before noon he would Instantly send for the Con- 
sistory, it did so happen— and Do. ^leyer sent for Mr. Wynkoop who instantly 
repaired to his house and found there Major Paling and Lewis Bevier two of his 
Majesty's Justices of the I'eace, and also Col. Hasenbrook. These Mr. AVynkoop 
asked, what was their aim In demanding this oath. Col. Hasenbrook answered I 
come in the name of King Jesus and King George. The same he repeated in the 
preseuce of other members of the Consistory. Upon Mr. Wynkoop's insisting that 
if they proceeded in this business the meeting in the afternoon would be useless. 
Major Paling postponed all action till that meeting. In the afternoon accordingly 
the Consistory met with these men for the purpose of conferring with them on the 
subject but no progress could be made since these obstinately adhered to their pur- 
jiose. The Consistory therefore with Do. Meyer resolved at length to ask of Major 
Paling a delay of three weeks since this was a new and unheard of matter, in order 
that they might inform themselves concerning it and learn whether it was proper 
and necessary that the thiiif; demanded should be done. This request to Major 
Paling Do. Meyer agreed to present to him, as he did; and ho received Major Pal- 
ing's acquiescence. But to the astonishment of the Consistory he shortly after 
showed himself entirely willing to take the oath at once, saying that he regarded 
himself as having already taken it in elTect.— By all this misconduct, in breaking 
his promise and despising all brotherly advice of the Consistory, Do. Meyer has 
made himself unworthy of the respect of the Consistory and Congregation and has 
occasioned in the Church great disquiet and sorrow the evidence of which were 
daily heard and seen by Mr. Persen (while engaged with Do. Meyer in visitation) 
in the complaints and tears of many aged members of the Church, awakened b.v 
such conduct on the part, of a minister. The same has been to the Consistory the 
occasion of much pain and sorrow, especially since all means employed for t7ie 
removal of the difficulty have proved of no avail. 

Three weeks afterward i. e. upon Aug. 6. the four ruling Elders went to Do. 
Meyer and acquainted him with the advice of a friend in New York who in 
accordance with the counsel of .several lawyers and other well Informed persons 
decided that no Reformed Minister was bound to take the oath of allegiance but 
only Roman Catholics. And they further requested him if he intended to take the 

oath to follow the advice of the advocate and the counsel of 

the Consistory and not do so until a lawful summons should be received by him. 
And they assured him that if he would follow their advice by so doing he would 
satisfy the Consistory and the Congregation, and that in that case they would 
shield him from injury, but if he chose rather to follow the advice of others he 
must look to them for protection. This counsel Do. Meyer also disregarded and 
very soon after on the very same day took the oath. 

The Consistory found no cause of offence in Do. Meyer so far as the taking of 
the oath is in itself considered. l)ut only because his willingness to take it furnished 
ground for the suspicion that he wished to find in it an excuse for refusing 
subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam as if the oath was incompatible with such 
subordination ; they therefoi'e met with him on Aug. 2Z and addressed unanimously 
to him a proposal to concur with them in acknowledging subordination to the 
Classis in conformity with their former resolution as appears from (No. 9.) 
requesting at the same time an answer in writing. Do. Meyer accordingly returned 
to them such to this effect. That in consequence of the oath which he had taken, 
and which bound his conscience he could not acknowledge subordination to the Classis 
of Amsterdam as will appear more fully from (Xo. 10.) 



OF THE State of New Yokk. 3959 

1764 

From this letter of Do. Meyer it also appears that he would uot acknowledge the 
subordination even if he were clearly shown how it was entirely consistent with the 
oath he had taken, since Mr. AA'ynkoop had before read to Do. Meyer from a letter 
of Do. Ritzema the manner in which the sul)ordination was to be understood — 
Namely that the Classis of Amsterdam demanded of us no subordination that was 
inconsistent with the freedom of this land, as appears from (Xo. 11.) 

On the 17th of Sept. the Consistory of Kingston, having again met with Do. 
Meyer renewed the proposal which they made to him on the 23rd of August — 
namely that he would consent to the subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam and 
Do. Meyer returned the same answer as at the meeting of Aug. 23, as appears from 
(A'o. IZ.) 

II. In reference to the division in the Church. 

The Consistory complained that in consequence of the above mentioned misconduct 
of Do. Meyer some who formerly held with the Consistory and Church after the 
taking of the oath and the refusal of subordination had deserted the Consistory and 
Church for his party — and not only this — but a great number of members of the 
Church had more than once met together and appointed a Committee of five to join 
with the Consistory in devising ways and means for the removal of the disturbance 
in the Church or for the punishment and removal of their minister since they could 
not live on in this manner. 

III. In reference to his refusal to acknowledge subordination to the Classis of 
Amsterdam the preceding proof is sufficient ; yet the following bears upon this point, 
that the Consistory of Kingston appointed two of its Elders, namely, Joh. Wynkoop 
and Cornells Persen to go with Do. Cock and his two Elders, Philip Klum and 
Cornells Miiller to Do. Meyer and request him to appear ecclesiastically and confer 
with them in reference to the disturbance in the Church, which request Do. Meyer 
refused, whence it is sufficiently clear that Do. Meyer has despised ecclesiastical 
admonition as appears also from the former part of our minutes. 

The Rev. Convention having carefully weighed all the Complaints and charges 
of the Consistory of Kingston against Do. Meyer their minister, we find ourselves 
with the most sincere regret in conscience bound to declare him worthy of suspen- 
sion from his office in the Church of Kingston because he has been guilty not only of 
multiplied and obstinate acts of contempt of ecclesiastical advice addressed to him 
in general by his own Consistory and in particular by Do. Cock and his Consistory 
and also by this Convention — and consequently of sowing discord and dissention in 
the Church — but also of absolutely refusing subordination. Yet we postpone the 
execution of this sentence for such time as shall be sufficient to receive the brotherly 
advice of the ministers and their respective Consistories in New York which belong 
to the Netherlands and High Dutch Reformed Churches ; to whom we will send an 
attested copy of all our proceedings by the hands of Do. Cock. We take this course 
because this matter is one that shall be handled with the greatest wisdom. Do. 
Meyer himself has also appealed to Do. Laidlie one of the ministers of New York. 
The matter of subordination is referred by the Coetus with consent of our Conven- 
tion (which acknowledges it) to the future decision of the Synod. 

In token of this our resolution and intention we subscribe ourselves with our 
hands, 

(Signed) .7. C. Fryenmoet, V. D. M. in Manor Livingston. 

Gerhard Daniel Cock, V. D. M. in Rheinbeck and Camjp. 

Johannes Bert 

Philip Klum 

Jacob Dekker 

Cornells ^liiller. 
Done in our Convention in the 

Consistory Room at Kingston Oct. 10, 1764. 



17G4 



I>CCI.KSIA.S1H Al- Hi:r(lHI>S 

.I<»i i;.\ Ai. (>i rm: N i:\v ^ okk ('oincii.. 
Moravians ami (Quakers. 

1764. Oct. 11. C. rolden, Llontpnant Governor. 

Assembly Bends to the Council n mil cnlltlofl. "An act to apprni)rlHt«» the moneys 
t!int have arisen lu KIhkh County and <^n'<'nH County by the flnes and forfolHires 
from the people of the clnirch or conKrcKnllon called inilan Frntntm. or United 
Brethren, and irom the people called gunkerw by virtue of the Acts therein men- 
tioned. Council Journal, 1151. Head. Committed, 11.'j1-2. Assembly Inquires of 
the Council what profiress made on this Bill, ll.'.S. Council declines to act, 1158. 

CoKili:Sl'OM>E.\CK FlitJ.M Amkiuca. 

Rev. Jacob Hardenbergh to the Rev. Classls of Amsterdam, October 12, 1764. 
Right Rev. Sirs and Highly Esteemed Fathers In Christ : — 

Do not take It amiss that I make a request of you In a most fraternal spirit. It Is 
for a further elucidation of what Is said In your letters to the Rev. Coetus. of Oct. 3. 
170.3, as follows: That 1, being authorized by the Itev. Coetus. laid a request before 
the Classls. asking that the Kcv Clasnia of AmHtcrdam would he pleased to change 
the Coetus of Xcir York into a Classis. Your Revs, must have plainly understood 
from all my communications, that I was not provided with any other letters of 
authority except these: Namely, the letter to the Rev. Classls, as your Revs, know; 
and another letter icith the same request, to the Hirjh Rev. f>ynod. to he laid before 
them; and I was to (jive a further elucidation of the mutter as the occasion might 
require. 

Did I not give that letter to Domlne Budde, at the house of my worthy mother-in- 
law?* And In that letter the Coetus expressly declares that she considers herself, 
and thinks that she ouijht to be considered by others, as n (lawful) Assembly of 
Church Officers, existiu;/ under the authority and right given by Ood; to perform 
anything and all things that a Classis in the Netherlands is accustomed to do. The 
request Is thus worded In the letter. 

Therefore, just this is the intention, the desire and the prayer of the Rev. Coetus: 
th<it the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, pondering the divine authority for the existence 
and poicers of our (Coetnal) Assembly, would be pleased to acknowledge it as such, 
and declare the fact. But what then must the Rev. Coetus think of me, as to the 
execution of my Commission, when she observes your Revs.' re\K)rt concerning pro- 
posals made by me? Is It not an undeniable truth that I, (personally) never made 
any proposals to the Rev. Classis? 

For when I had delivered my credentials, was I not requested to withdraw? And 
when I was called in again, was I not then told by the President, that the Rev. 
Assembly had already spent much time in their deliberation of these matters ; that 
she had also already received Information from particular members, with whom I had 
conversed on the subject: and that if I had yet anything more to add, by way of 
elucidation, I would be pleased to be short? Whereupon I had nothing further to 
communicate on that subject to your Rev. Assembly. I spoke, however, of the con- 
dition of the two congregations which had extended calls, respectively, to the Rev. 
Henrleus Frellnghuysen and to the Rev. (John) Mauritius Goetschlus. Those con- 
gregations had made application to the Rev. Coetus for the promotion (ordination) 
of those young men whom they had called. 

In speaking with i)articular individuals, I do not remember that I ever alluded 
to my making such a request of them. On the other hand, I do very well remember 
of once being at the house of Domine Kulenkamp. In talking there about our affairs, 
his Rev. said to me. " Domine Hardenbergh, you folks want of us what we cannot 
possibly give your Revs. We cannot transform your Revs, into a Classis." Upon 
which I answered. My dear Sir does not understand our request. We believe that 
we are already a Classis; but we would like the approbation of your Revs. 

♦See CorwIn's Manual, 4th ed. 1902, page 513. 



OF THE State of New York. 80GI 

1764 

I believe that when the Rev. (Classical) Assembly recalls what then tooli place 
she will remember that I, (personally) never made any such proposal. And even if 
I had made it. I could not have done it in the name of the Rev. Coetus, as the 
Coetus had definitely expressed their desires in their letter. Your Revs, must there- 
fore have taken up the matter under this (wrong) impression, and without any 
proper introductory remarks. 

Worthy Fathers ! the way our affairs were dealt with in Holland led me to make a 
resolution — I cannot deny it — that I would never again take part in any attempt to 
promote further relationship (combination) of our churches with those of Holland. 
Nevertheless, upon second consideration, I concluded again- to try to do something 
to place our affairs upon such a footing as is presented to your Revs, in the letter 
of our Coetus, (of this same date.) The Third Article, concerning the limitations 
of the " subordination ", is left somewhat indefinite, for fear of infringing on the 
rights of the Civil Government. I think I can positively assure your Revs., that if 
our propositions are listened to, the Rev. Coetus will easily be brought into a 
closer alliance (with the Church of Holland), so as to allow your Revs, decisions 
to have the power of conclusive verdicts in every particular, in all such cases as are 
mentioned in the said letter of the Coetus. Nevertheless, it is true that the laws of 
our land do not permit us to transfer to your Revs., any supreme authority or 
jurisdiction over us ; but I do not think those laws would prevent us from mutually 
allying ourselves together, in order that we might take your Revs, judgments by way 
of advice ; and that we might permit the same to have the power of a conclusive 
verdict among us. on the strength of the said alliance between us. 

I think that this would at once remove all well-grounded objections concerning the 
possible introduction of any errors (of doctrine), the exercise of authority, or the 
separation of our Church from the Church of the Netherlands. And the danger of 
introducing ignorant persons into the ministry can also be effectually remedied by 
the establishment of a Seminary here. It cannot be denied that there is likelihood 
enough of our succeeding in this. For we have already presented a petition for a 
CHARTER for such a Seminary, to his Escellency, the Governor of this Province, 
(New Jersey), and we have good reason to hope that we may obtain it, especially if 
we (the Coetus and Conferentie parties) again unite together. Indeed, it would 
then be certain. And our ability to raise an endowment is much greater than was 
that of either the Episcopalians, (1754), or the Presbyterians (1746) when they 
established their Seminaries (or Colleges.) Why, then, may we not establish a 
School as well as they? 

Worthy Fathers ! if your Revs, do not avail yourselves of this opportunity to 
intervene in our behalf, and also to modify your own demands a little, on your side 
of the case, God only knows where our disputes will finally end. Inasmuch as the 
High Rev. Synod has declared that the Sovereign of Holland will never consent that 
the Rev. Coetus should, either partially or fully, be a member of that High Rev. 
Assembly, because said Coetus exists under another Civil Power, our affairs may 
have been brought much more to the notice of the Authorities over here than ever 
before. For they reason thus : — If the Sovereign of Holland will not permit the 
Coetus to have any voice in their (Netherlands) Church Assemblies for fear of some 
evil results: is it safe for us, (the English authorities of New York), to permit 
the highest Church jurisdiction over them, to inhere in a Church Assembly so closely 
allied to the State (a Foreign State), and which Assembly is entirely under the 
control of another Sovereign. 

Take as an illustration of this, the following; The Rev. Consistory of Esopus 
(Kingston), where domine Harmanus Meyer has a church, is In favor of the 
subordination demanded. Domine Meyer at first held back from it (the subordina- 
tion) a little, but finally yielded to the Consistory. P.ut even before his resolution 
had been taken, the local government of that place had interfered, and insisted that 
domine Meyer should take that oath, of which the Rev. Coetus has sent you a 
copy. The Civil authorities said also to the Consistory that its members might 
expect to be required to do the same thing, if they should subordinate themselves 
(to the Church of Holland.) Upon this, the Consistory sought advice from all the 
more eminent lawyers in the city of New York, asking if it ivas in the power of the 
(Civil) (jorcrnment to demand thin oath of them. One of the most eminent of those 
lawyers subsequently told me personally, that it was the unanimous opinion of the 

107 



;;;m;'J Ecclesiasticai. Uixouds 

17G4 

InwyorR. that anu ttro Ju»ttccM of the Peace had it in their power to demand an oath 
from any one thry miw fit; and that tho»e ic/io refused to take it tcnuld ruin thom- 
$eheii Ihrrrhy. The t'otincll (Oovprnorg f'onnrllt hnvlnt; rocplvrd IIiIh opinion from 
thin Inwycr, Ihon nsUpd him tho followlOK guomlon: " If tlint Ih the cnHc nnd one 
bnd inkrn B\irh nn onth. ronlcl ho not, then, RuliordlDntc himself (to the Church of 
Holland I ? " IlnlBing hln hnntl, the lawyer anHwcrrd : // they bilirvr that there is a 
Ood in hiarcn. thry cannot do it. 

Last wpok I hcnnl n .hiHllce of the Tcnce of that virlnlty Hay. that that Connistory 
vcould have to Kuhviit in the lahini; nf that oath, or they uould ruin them. And we 
are ol)IlKed to expect that this name thlnp will occur In other localities. Now If these 
tumults reach the cars of the Government In England, then I mysolf, with many 
others, fear for bad consequences. Therefore, I beseech your Iters, to modify 
somewhat your peremptory requests. Do not think, my dear Sirs, that I speak 
thus from any fear that the Hcv. Coetus will lose ground by the new measures you 
are now pursuing. No, Indeed. On the other hand, I am sure that the Coetua has 
Rained more, since the arrival of your last letters than she ever did bi-fore. The 
minl.slcrs of Albany, Kingston and the one who has recently come to New York — 
and these three places are the principal places in the Province — refuse to submit 
to that Subordination which you have proclaimed and demanded. And in this mat- 
ter, the Civil Government has the Coetus on its side. It is, therefore, by no means 
this (civil favor) which I seek, but the real welfare of the Church. And I have no 
desire to see her separated from the Netherlands Church. 

It also seems to me that your Revs, ought not to give too much place to Indigna- 
tion against that pamphlet of Domlne Leydt, (see Aug. 12, 1760.) so that, In 
retaliation therefor, the Church of Christ should be made to suffer. I heard bis 
Rev. declare in our last General Church Assembly, held in New York, that he was 
sorry if anything had come from his pen, which had given any just cause of offence 
to your Revs., or to the High Rev. Synod. I hope and sincerely desire that your 
Revs, will find it convenient to adopt those proposals of ours, (In letter of Coetus 
of Oct. 12, 1764). 

When I was in Holland, I hinted at the troubles and divisions to Domlne Budde, 
in the Church of Fishkill ; but since that time they have greatly increased. The Rev. 
Coetus made a short report on that matter, and, in addition to what I heard, 1 
expect your Revs, will be informed that nearly the whole congregation has become 
opposed to the (old and legal) Consistory. I have also requested that Consistory 
to give me an exact report of their condition — how many are in their favor, and how 
many are opposed to them. They answered me in a communication under their own 
signatures, that 75 heads of families had signed in favor of the call to Domlne 
Henricus Frelinghuysen ; and that the Conferentie party had told them that they 
had 80 on their list. Nevertheless the Rev. Consistory are aware that there are 
many who had signed for their party, (the Conferentie party) who now expressly 
declare that they will not pay the salary they had promised, even If that party (the 
Conferentie) should obtain a minister; because those who had obtained their signa- 
tures, had told them that this was done with the consent of the Rev. Consistory ; 
while. In fact, it was done in direct opposition to them. Please take notice that all 
this took place before the formation of the antl-Consistory (by Freyenmoet.) Nearly 
two-thirds of the members of the church side with the (legal) Consistory; while all 
the members that side with their Consistory, are male members, and only Just 
enough to constitute the anti-Consistory. (The other members of this party were 
not members of the church). This is given only for Information. 

The Rev. Coetus has adherents, more or less, in almost all the congregations which 
side with the Conferentie. If, then, the members of the latter be endorsed, and the 
members of the Kev. Coetus (in those congregations) be nagged to agree with them, 
what shall the end be? Can the mere belonging to the Coetus or the Conferentie 
party ever be a sufficient reason for deposing an entire Consistory? 

When I was in Amsterdam I was Informed that about the time that Domlne 
Theodore Frelinghuysen was visiting Holland, (17(50), a letter was given to the Rev. 
Classis signed with my name. Up to that time, I had never signed my name to any 
paper which was sent to the Rev. Classis. My name had undoubtedly been used by 
some mistake. While In Amsterdam, therefore, I made request to see that letter ; 
but on account of the multitude of business engagements and the shortness of my 
stay, I failed to find It. I kindly request that the same may be sent to me. I think 



OP THE State op New York. 3963 

1764 

I have a right to make this request. I thlnli it will be found among the papers 
dated October, 1759. Let not this be denied me! 

In presenting my services to you, and my earnest wish of all happiness and 
blessings to you, together with friendly and hearty greetings, I have the honor, 
Right Rev. Sirs, and Much Esteemed Fathers in Christ, to call myself, and to be 
Your Revs. D. W. D. and loving brother, 

Jacob R. Hardenbergh, V. D. M. 
Raritan, Oct. 12, 1764. 



Correspondence From America. 

The Coetns of New York to the Kev. Classis of Amst<3rdain, 

October [3 ?] 13, 1764. Vol. 33, page 82, No. 354. 

To the Right Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, Right Rev. Sirs and Much Beloved 
Brethren:— 

The letter of your Revs, of January 11, (1764), and of Oct. 3rd 1763, reached us 
safely. According to the request of the Rev. Conferentie which followed (upon 
your letters) the Rev. Coetua attended a General Meeting (of the two Bodies) held 
in New Yorlc, June 19, 1764. The result of that Meeting may be seen In Document 
number One. 

In the present condition of affairs we do not feel disposed to answer the above 
mentioned letters! for we can plainly foresee where the matter in dispute so 
apparent in them, will end, if it be followed up in debate. We would rather make 
still another attempt, with all indulgence possible, to settle these disputes by some 
accommodation. 

Rev. Sirs, if we were inclined to introduce complete (ecclesiastical) independence 
for ourselves, we would long ere this, have given up all correspondence with the 
Netherlands Church. We could rest assured, in doing this, that we need not fear 
any loss of Classical or Synodical privileges, because we are the free subjects of 
the English Crown. It, therefore, remains to our free choice whether we shall 
keep up Correspondence and Union if such a thing is possible, with the Church of 
the Netherlands, or not. However desirable these things may appear to us, as well 
as mutual love and peace, nevertheless, we must say, although we do It with sorrow, 
that we cannot submit ourselves to all that is demanded of us in your letter, 
without wounding our consciences. 

We therefore make this friendly and brotherly request that the following objec- 
tions receive your careful deliberation. 

1. We cannot at present content ourselves with the reasons given for the subor- 
dination (to the Classis) demanded of ns. We believe that any subordination to a 
Church, which is destitute of all power, (being under another civil government) is 
plainly contrary to the Netherlands Church Constitution. Besides the works of 
others, look at the renowned Professor, John Hoornbeek's "Sumnia Controver- 
sium", page 666. That it, (the relation of the American churches to the Church 
of Holland?) increases and regulates this (American Church?) we admit with all 
pleasure. The reasons given in support of subordination, and In advocacy of the 
demand, appear, more or less evidently, to be as follows: 

(1) From the right of having planted these churches (in America). But that this 
does not confer the least right or power, nor deprive those who are planted of all 
power, is, in our opinion, confirmed by the renowned Professor, Gysbert Voetlus, 
Pol. Eccl., Vol. i, Part 1, pages 104-108. 

(2) But to be more direct, let me speak of the membership of our ministers in 
your Rev. Classis. This is taken for granted: but in all your letters, you do not 
give one conclusive reason to establish It. Nevertheless, this (the fact of such 
membership) appears to be the basis upon which all your reasons for the support 
of said subordination rest. But it seems to us as clear as day light, that we were 
never such real members of your Rev. Classis, as you claim. 

For (a) When and where were the Formulas, which belong to such a membership, 
complied with on our behalf. Such as the presentation of the proper credentials; 



.''1h;j Ecci-esiasticai, RnroRps 

1704 

hiibwrriltlng to tlio local lawH: Inking pnrt In (he AoIh of the ('luHNlcal AKHonibl}-; uti<I 
l>oliiir (|uiilifl<'<| to n-cflvo tlii> riKht of votiiiK. 

(Ii) Wlijr did tlio Ho%-. C'lnHnlN rofn»<- n ncnt In their ('liiNHlrnI Axwembly to dnmtne 
John Krelliijjliii.vHen, (In 1711)), who wa8 tjualidcd In Auiolerdani hh tuiui»<(er over 
the rhnrrhoH on the Hnrltan? Or are we only inemberii of the na««lH that the 
CIomiIh niny deprive nn of onr rlghtH? IIa« not one member an nimh rljfht to a neat 
in (he ClaNHlM aK another? 

(r) And how Ih IIiIm (rlt'ht to riiisslrnl nuMnlnTHhlp) to be nTonrlied with the last 
renoiutlon of the Synod of North Holland, which de«'lnre!«. that tin' SoviTolKn of 
that land will never allow any member or nuMiibers of the Ker. ro<-(nt* to rompooo 
a part of thai Holy Kev. (Synodical) AsBembly. 

If wi- lire really memberH of your Ilev. ("laMsln, and on an equal footine. in Ihin 
respect, with the twenty-nine ministers of Amsterdam, are we not then also 
capable of Iieinc mrmberH of that Rev. Synod? But if, in reality, we are not at all 
members of your Rev. ria«Hls, as. Indeed, we are not, what force tlien, can your 
Revs." arguments have, to convince our consciences? for your urgumeuts are based 
upon this supposition, (that we are members of Ciassls.) 

However the dispute over here Is not concerning the historical account of an 
affair that is past; but concerning the i)ossesslon or non-possession of the right and 
the power in regard to our own affairs. The Rev. Coetus does not promote 
(ordain) in finality as niembers of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, but as a company 
of neighboring ministers, to whom the pastoral olBce, with all that belongs to it. is 
entrusted. Xow the power to promote (ordain) is an essential part of this office. 
See John Hoornbeek's Letter Book, i, pages 165, 682. 686. This also fully coin- 
cides with the Church Order of the Synod of Dort. Compare Art. 4 with Art. 41. 
(Art. 4. declares that a call to the ministry consists of the free choice of the Con- 
sistory; an examination Into the doctrine and morals of the person chosen; of the 
approbation of the church-members; and in public ordination, according to the 
Form, with Imposition of hands by the minister presiding. 

Art. 41. declares that a Classis shall consist of neighboring churches, each of 
which shall send a minister and elder with proper credentials, etc.) 

See al.so the arrangements for examinations and promotion, made b.v all the 
previous National Synods of the Xetlierlands. We also believe that the equality 
of ministers is dearly set forth in the Word of God, in the Netherlands .Articles of 
Faith, and in the National Decrees. We are. therefore, not at liberty to be led 
astray by any example or citation of past things. It strengthens us also not a 
little, that such respectable men. who are approved in the Netherlands, a.s, for 
example. Professor Geysbert Voetius in his "Pollt. Eccles.", and Professor John 
Hoombeek in his "Miss. Sac". Frederick Spanhe.vm. in his "Miss. Sac. antiq.". 
have all advocated our case in such an energetic way. 

Besides. It is to be borne in mind that your Revs.' arguments will have just as 
mucli weight a hundred years hence, as now; and according to a moderate calcula- 
tion, the Dutch (in America) will then. (1864) by a proportionate growth, consist 
of a thousand congregations; and will need, accordingly, at least Jive or six hundred 
ministers. Let such circumstances declare what your argimients would be worth 
under such conditions. Taking all this into consideration, tlie Rev. Coetus must 
conclude with the words of the renowned Prof. G. Voetius:— N'on debebat tale quid 
clavl aut concedl ab una parte contrahentlum nee ab altera parte peti aut acclpi: 
(No such thing ought to be granted or conceded by the one part of those assembled, 
nor to be demanded or accepted of the other part.) See his reasons, Polit. Ecclea. 
Vol. i. Part i, page 224, Question 15. 

II. If in this land the opportunity is not given and further developed to provide 
ministers for the Dutch Church, we cannot fail to foresee that that Church will 
soon go to ruin. Passing by other weighty reasons, take only in proof the situation 
of these (Colonics and the opportunities. For example: It is much more to the 
prejudice of our (American) Church, than it is of any of the other Churches of the 
Netherlands Colonies. (East Indies. Cape of Good Hope, AVest India Islands), to be 
obliged to obtain her ministers from Holland. This may be indisputably demon- 
strated by the following facts: 

1. Everybody knows that nearly all the denominations around us prepare their 
ministers in this land and thus send them forth. They have. then, the opportunity 
to preach and establish congregations among the scattered people of this land. 



OF THE State of New York. 3965 

beoauso tlioy are ever ready to admit a sufficient number to the Holy Office. Btit 
the few (Dutoli) ministers who are hero have their hands more than full to serve 
the wants of the already established, but vacant congregations. For, on account 
of the dangers, difficulties and heavy expenses, it is impossible to secure a suffi- 
cient number of young men for the Holy Office, if they must first go to the Nether- 
lands (for ordination). Many of the established congregations do not dare to run 
the risk of sending (their young men) to the Netherlands; while those who are 
scattered here and there among the English cannot afford to do this. Under such 
circumstances hundreds are allured away to other denominations, since they can- 
not be provided with ministers as they should be. But could not this deadly evil 
be effectually remedied, by admitting ministers to this holy service here in this 
country, even as do other denominations. 

2. What has been said become still more evident if we compare the English 
Episcopalians and the Presbyterian Churches in this land with each other. The 
former is the "State Church" of England. Its adherents have the civil government 
chiefly in their hands. In short, in regard to all political rights, this Church has 
all the privileges imaginable above other denominations; yet the Presbyterians have 
established ten congregations in these two Provinces, to the Episcopalians one. 
Now what can be the reason of this? Only this: that those churches, being gov- 
erned by Bishops must receive their ministers from Europe; while the Presbyte- 
rians, through the advice and help of the Church of Scotland, have been provided, 
from their first settlement, with the privileges of admitting their young men to this 
Holy Office. 

5Ien and Brethren, do your Revs, not clearly see that if your Revs, had acted 
in regard to the Dutch Church as the Scotch have done in regard to the Presby- 
terian Church, the present number of our congregations would have been more than 
double? And both the Episcopalians (Bischoppelyken) and the Presbyterians have 
built up their churches on the ruin of ours. 

3. In the midst of us and all around us, the Seminaries of the Independents, of 
the Episcopalians and of the Presbyterians have already become seven or eight in 
number. And what will be the effect of all this? The Hollanders must either 
necessarily deny their children a free education, and thus relinquish all these advan- 
tages to others; or else send them to one of these schools. The inevitable result 
of this would be the alienation of their hearts from the Netherland doctrine and 
discipline. Only just imagine that our Church continues to receive, from time to 
time all her ministers from Holland; but, on the other hand, that the rising youth, 
who will soon hold the government and influence in both Church and State, receive 
their education in the Seminaries of these different denominations. By such a 
course, will not the (Dutch) Church finally go down altogether, unobserved. 

4. Every one must understand, that since the political government and the 
entire business of the land are conducted in the English language, English schools 
are necessary, and Dutch schools are already passing away. The Dutch language 
will also certainly fall into disuse, and the English will everywhere take its place. 
Afust then the religion (of the Dutch Church) go down with the language? Or 
how can this danger be remedied? It is simply impracticable to receive a sufficient 
number (of nnnisters) from Holland, especially such as would be able to perform 
service in the English tongue. To send a sufficient number (of our young men) 
from America to Holland to attend the Academies of your Rovs., is impossible, 
even as has been said before. Who, then, does not see that the Church must go 
down, unless we have our own ecclesiastical Assemblies and Schools over here. 

III. We send enclosed in this letter, a copy of an oath, (marked number 2), 
which some of us have taken in duo form, and others, when required, are bound 
to take, under such penalty as is mentioned in the copy. Now who can, in good 
conscience, take such an oath, and then submit himself to subordination (of, to us, 
a Church in another nation) as proclaimed and demanded. The High Rev. Synod 
declares, that she can neither partly nor entirely accent of members of the Coetus 
(as a part of her body), because the Coetus is subject to another Sovereign. IIow, 
then, can your Revs, deliberately demand of us such a "subordination", when the 
entire Church jurisdiction over us, (the Synod?) adjudges our Assembly (the Coetus) 
to be subject to another Sovereign? Is not such subordination diametrically 
opposed to the said oath and to the fundamental laws of our kingdom? The Eighth 
Article of the terms of capitulation, (1664), may serve you to deny our request; but 



1764 



1764 



;{|HiG ICcchKsiAsricAi, Hi:r(»ui>s 

thiM will by no monnii wnni off the (1lHKntlRfn<-llon of our SovctoIbd when we linvo 
oiHp «r<>niM-<J It. See the opinion of two of o«r principal InwjcTM. on iIiIh point, Jn 
L>oounii-nt, marked 3. 

Thus jour UlKlit Uovn. will iicrcolve thnt If wo nrc proHHcd to Kiihmit unoondl- 
tlonBlly to the Hnid "Suhordlnntlon ", or cIho to break off all oorreMpundcMiri., wc will 
be compelled to rhoone the Intter. We t»ny "^-ompclli-d to rliooHo"; beniUKC the 
Co«tiii« linH already Bliown her doBiro to nuilntaln some oort of n;liillnnHhlp with the 
Churrh of the NetherlandH on the ground of the Con8lltutlon of Hald Chnreh. And 
Bho yet Inclined that way. Bnt Hince It In lmpoK»lhle to mnlntnln a relationship 
whiih rents on meniberKlilp (In the CIhshIh and .Synod*, we will gladly connent to a 
■' relatloiiHlilp" not depending on incmbernhlp, ho far hk clrcHniHtaticfH and the laWH 
of citlzcnshli) of onr country, and sound views of Church fJoverninent, permit. 

The Kev. Coetus has explained to the Kev. Conff-renlle, as she now does also to 
your HevK., (hat on these conditions she Is willing, according to the advice of the 
Synod, to hold herself in n proprr guhortUnnHun to the Hev. Classls of Amsterdam. 
This proprr subordination, or rather "Church Uelatlonship" (Combination) she wants 
thus explained and nndei-stood. It must Include the power to erect Seminaries, to 
ordain, and henceforth to do all those things that an Assembly of neighboring 
Church oHIcers In the Netherlands may do. As her presupposed right, she desires, 
however, to enjoy the privilege to bring said "Relationship" under the following 
regulations: 

1. The Coetus shall yearly communicate her Acts to the Uev. Classis by means 
of correspondence. 

2. That when any Important matter arises concerning which the Kev. (Coetus) 
Assembly needs special light, she shall lay such matter before the Uev. Classis and 
abide by her advice. 

:i. That In case of differences among us concerning doctrine or manner of life, 
which we cannot settle correctly or bring to a satisfactory termination, after regu- 
lar process, that we may then present such a case, prepared In an orderly manner 
by the Hev. (Coetus) Assembly, before the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, or. If neces- 
sary, before the High Rev. Synod. That the Rev. (Coetus) A.sscmbly binds Itself, 
to allow the advice thus given, according to the circumstances of the dispute, to 
have the strength of a decisive verdict among us, so far as the laws of our said 
(British) kingdom permit. 

Kev. Men and Brethren, behold! This is the utmost we can allow In the subordi- 
nation demanded. We desire that all the wrong done In the past, on either side, 
be forgiven and forgotten. We hope that your Revs, may use this opportunity, 
which may possibly be the last, to heal the breach among us. If this is not now 
done, where will the business finally end, considering the present line of action? 
After your Revs, last communication, douilPe Freyennioot, under the advice of the 
Confcrentie brethren, at first presented and then demanded the consent of the Con- 
sistory of the Church of Fishklll, on pretence of having received authority from 
your Revs., to the tliree following articles: 

1. That that Consistory should renounce their allegiance to the Rev. Coetus, and 
sign subordination to your Rev. Classis, and relinquish their call on the candidate, 
Mr. Schoonmaker. (Henrlcus Schoonmaker, recently licensed by the American 
Classis.) 

2. When this was refused his Rev. then, under the said pretended authority 
(from liev. Classis) declared the Consistory, whose lawfulness had never been dis- 
puted, to be no Consistory. 

?,. He then chose a new Consistory, with the aid of, and from the minority of the 
common members of the church, and ordained them to their office on the same day. 
Upon this followed the closing and the breaking open of the church doors and other 
foolish acts. 

Esteemed Brethren, we hope that these things wili not be connived at by your 
Revs., lest they be kept up and repeated. If so, application may have to be made 
to our blessed Sovereign, (George III), and on Investigation made, whether the 
authority of a Church-Assembly, living under a different Civil Power, can be toler- 
ated, when such devastations are committed among the subjects of his Majesty. 
We heartily wish that this may never become necessary, for then reasons would 
be given why all correspondence with the Church of the Netherlands should be 
forbidden. 



OF THE State of New York. 39G7 

1764 
"U'e remain. Right Rev. Sirs and Brettiren, after wishing the most precious 
Oospel blessings from the Lord, upon your Revs.' persons, families and congrega- 
tions— wo remain, 

Your Kevs. Brethren. 

In the name and by the authority of the Rev. Coetus of New York 
and New Jersey. 

Jacob R. Hardenbergh, President, pro tern. 
David Marinus, Secretary, pro tern. 
Done in the Coetus Assembly held at Hackensack, October 3, 1764. 

P. S. Since the above mentioned circumstance of what occurred at Fishkill, we 
have received information that domines Fryenmoet and Cock have done the same 
thing at Poughkeepsie. 

Coer:espondence From Aimeeica. 

Rev. Lambertus De Ronde to Rev. Winoldus Budde, Oct. 13, 1764. (Vol. 33, page 82.) 

Reverend Sir and highly esteemed Brother : — 

I'our highly respected communication of April 9, 1764, together with that of the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, of June 4, reached me in the latter part of September. 

I am obliged to your Rev. and to the Rev. Classis for the course you have pursued 
in the examination and approbation of my " System ". I am sorry that I omitted to 
mention in my book, the Eternal Procession of the Holy Spirit from the Father and 
the Son. It was not omitted because I am at variance with the doctrines of our 
Church upon this point. Far from it. But I did not think it necessary to mention 
every point in such a brief Compendium, inasmuch as I am accustomed to elaborate 
upon all these points in my catechetical instruction, expecting that others who 
might teach from it, would do the same. However, I am prepared to fulfill the 
requirements of the Rev. Classis ; and for that purpose I have already composed an 
appendix, which can be inserted at the end of the book. In this, I have treated the 
point above referred to, by itself, that I might conclusively show my sound orthodox 
belief in regard to it. I shall forward it at the earliest opportunity. 

Should the Rev. Classis judge that the book of Marshall (on Sanctlflcation) does 
not belong under their jurisdiction. I shall be resigned to their decision. I have 
striven to keep watch over the pure doctrine. I think in common with many 
orthodox theologians, that it is not in accordance with our Confession of Faith. I 
hope the Lord will abide with his people through Ilis Spirit of truth, that he may be 
" worshiped in spirit and in truth ". Although I understand the sentiments 

expressed in that book, in the English language, yet, since informs 

me that it is also extant in Dutch, I would feel greatly obliged to you, if you would 
send a Dutch copy to me. I will gladly pay the charges upon it. 

As regards the condition of our Church affairs, we forwarded the record of our 
proceedings before the receipt of the Acta Synodi. The opposition of the so-called 
Coetus still continues. And it especially grieves my colleague (Ritzema) and myself 
to see that our new Colleague, Laidlie, joins with them In their Insubordination to 
the Rev. Classis. This produces much discord in our Consistory, and prevents the 
exercise of brorherly love. I do not understand how things can go on in this way; 
that ministers in the same congregation should be at variance with each other upon 
so important a point, as proper subordination ; for an independent, we cannot call a 
brother under the constitution, much less treat him as brother in matters relating 
to the Church, or its congregations. How shall this turn out? We hope that the 
Rev. Classis, in virtue of her authority, will interfere ; otherwise I apprehend great 
discord among us. 

Further I beg the continuance of your friendly and brotherly correspondence. I 
am now obliged to lay down my pen, on account of lack of time. Wishing you all 
prosperity, I remain. 

Rev. Sir, and highly esteemed Brother, 

Your Rev's, humble servant and brother, 

Lambertus De Ronde. 
New York, October 13, 1764. 

P. S. Do not take it amiss in me, that I recommend to you the enclosed. 



'?!»r,S KrcLKsiASTirAi, Rkpords 

1764 

Church ok Xew York. 
KNcli.'uipw of lots. Tlinnks for oniamont.s. 

Now York. OcloJinr 18. 1701. 
ConiiUtory hold etc. 

It wuh roRolved lo i-x. huil.- tn.- l..t now In poRRp»i8lon of Mr. .Tno. frock, for the 
one whirli ilie Bnl<l Crork lins I)o\n:ht of riilllpH. honlcrlnK upon the rhiirrh yard ; 
and that wrltlnire be rcclpromlly Klven for the snid lots. And thnt nflcr the 
exchanKo. rhlllps shnll Btlll he allowed to rent the snld lot till It shall he required 
by the consi.slory ; and thnt his hiillilinK thereon shall then l)e removed. 

Ordered that the President. In the name of Consistory. Rive hearty thanks to Mr. 
Recorder Simon Johnson, Cornelius Cloppcr and jiifvrow Catharlna Lawrence for 
their candlesticks, or copper keroncn ; and to Mr. Anthony A. Kutgers for his dial 
hand.s. fcir ihe use and orn:imcnt of tlio Nrw Church. 

Signed etc., 

A. Laldlle. 

Indkmxities for Those Involved ix Cfiuhch Lrn«;.vnox. 
Vailts. 

New York, October 3l8t, 1704. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

The deed of Charles Thlllps for the lot of ground opposite the church yard, 
bordering on Kerk street, was examined, and ordered to be placed on the Trotocol. 
For the value of said lot, a deed was given to Mr. .Tno. Creek, for the ground which 
he has now in possession from the church ; so that these lots are mutually exchanged, 
and the said Crock has satisfied rhilips for his lot. 

It was thought proper to request the incoming new consistory, to give to the 
persons who have been arrested by Abel Hardenbrock. a proper writing under the 
seal of the church, relieving them from all costs, which now or hereafter may be 
incurred, on account of the civil process in defending the rights and privileges of 
our constitution at the election of consistory in 17G:{. [See .Tan. 7, 17G.'>.] 

It is further thought fit that the persons who have bought or may yet buy 
ground for vaults in the yard of the New Church, shall receive good and sufficient 
writings for the same, but on the same conditions as at present ; and for this 
purpose forty or fifty copies of such an instrument shall be printed. 

Signed etc., 

A. Laldlic, p. t. Tresident. 

Seats. The ITakpending Lots. 

New York, November 14, 1764. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. William Lupton showed that he had bought a seat in the New Church for his 
wife, in pew No. .., formerly the seat of her father, Brandt Schuyler; but that 
Abel Hardenbrock Jr., refused to let him use the said seat. This statement being 
considered, it was resolved that the wife of William Lupton was the rightful heir 
of said seat and should occupy it unhindered ; and Montanye is ordered to make this 
known to said Hardenbrock, that there be no disturbance herein during worship. 

2. A committee was appointed to lease the yet unleased lots of the ground of 
Mr. Harpending, but not finally until after the consistory has approved. Committee 
to be Jno. Brevoort, Evert Bancker, Jakobus van Zandt. Abram Lott, Rem 
Rappelye. 

.3. That henceforth, the Deacons in the New Church shall rise in their places 
without the bag, and after the rekommatie of the poor, shall go out from their places 
to collect. 

Signed etc., 

A. Laidlie, p. t. President. 



OF THE State of New York. 39G9 

Description of Albaxy and Majstnee. of the Inhabitants. 

Prom Airs. Grant's Memoirs of an American Ladv, pages 32, 33. 
The Dutch and English Churches. 

1764 — The city of Albany stretched along the banks of the Hudson ; one very 
wide and long street lay parallel to the river, the intermediate space between it 
and the shore being occupied by gardens. A small but steep hill rose above the 
centre of the town, on which stood a fort, intended (but very ill adapted) for the 
defence of the place, and of the neighboring country. From the foot of this hill, 
another street was built, sloping pretty rapidly down till it joined the one before 
mentioned that ran along the river. This street was still wider than the other ; it 
was only paved on each side, the middle being occupied by public edifices. These 
consisted of a market-place, or guard-house, a town hall, and the English and Dutch 
churches. The English church, belonging to the Episcopal persuasion, and in the 
diocese of the Bishop of London, stood at the foot of the hill, at the upper end of 
the street. The Dutch Church was situated at the bottom of the descent where the 
street terminated ; two irregular streets, not so broad, but equally long, ran 
parallel to those, and a few even ones opened between them. The town, in propor- 
tion to its population, occupied a great space of ground. This city, in short, was 
a kind of semi-rural establishment ; every house had its garden, well, and a little 
green behind ; before every door a tree was planted, rendered interesting by being 
coeval with some beloved member of the family ; many of their trees were of a 
prodigious size and extraordinary beauty, but without regularity, every one planting 
the kind that best pleased him. or which he thought would afford the most agreeable 
shade to the open portico at his door, which was surrounded by seats, and ascended 
by a few steps. It was in these that each domestic group was seated in summer 
evenings to enjoy the balmy twilight, or the serenely clear moonlight. Each family 
had a cow, fed in a common pasture at the end of the town. In the evening the 
herd returned all together, of their own accord, with their tinkling bells hung at 
their necks, along the wide and grassy street, to their wonted sheltering trees, to be 
milked at their master's doors. Nothing could be more pleasing to a simple and 
■benevolent mind than to see thus, at one view, all the inhabitants of a town, which 
contained not one very rich or very poor, very knowing or very ignorant, very rude 
or very polished, individual ; to see all these children of nature enjoying in easy 
indolence, or social intercourse, 

" The cool, fragrant, and the dusky hour," 

clothed in the plainest habits and with minds as undisguised and artless. These 
primitive beings were dispersed in porches, grouped according to similarity of years 
and inclinations. At one door were young matrons, at another the elders of the 
people, at a third the youths and maidens, gayly chatting or singing together, while 
the children played round the trees, or waited by the cows, for the chief ingredient 
of their frugal supper, which they generally ate sitting on the steps in the open air. 
This picture, so familiar to my imagination, has led me away from my purpose, 
which was to describe the rural economy, and modes of living in this patriarchal 
city. 

Other Items in 1764. 

Jan. ? Father Eohuid to Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4to. ed. IV. 215. 

IMarch 22. Philip Jonathan, schoolmaster at Canajoharie, to 
Sir Wm. Johnson. Doc. Hist. X. Y. IV. 216. 

Aug. 20. Dr. Barclay died. Sketch: Dix. Trinity Cr. 305-6. 
Sept. 17. Mr. Weyman, printer of Indian Prayer Book, to Sir 
Wm Johnson. Doc. Hist. X. Y. IV. 217. 



1764 



riHTo EccLESiAsiicAi, Hrcoitits 

1764 

^ •"* Sept. 27. ]\rr>ntfliik Tiidians cl.iini to l»o rivilizofl niid Cliristinn- 
ized, an<l nsk to ho tronioA as citizonf, in liold laii«ls, etc. Poo. 
Hist. N. Y. TIT. 230. l^ifTiciilty of ^ottiji.c roliahlo Indian testi- 
mony, pp. 2.37-8. 

Oct. 24. "Rev. Whoolock to Sir Win. .Tolinson. Doc. Hist. N. 
Y. IV. 217. 

X»n'. 27. Printer (of Indian Prayer P.ook) to Sir Win. John- 
son. Doc. Hist. N. Y. IV. 210. 

Dec. T). Indians directed to sne in cliancery. Doc. Hist. X. Y. 
m. 238. 

Acts of the Deputies. About .Tax. 1765. 

Supplement to the Letter of Jnne 21, 1704. Vol. 33, page SO, 

No. 349. This supplement is dated Sop. 4, 1764. 

II. To tills lettpr was ndded a second, dated New York. Sept. 4, 1764. signed by 
the same (Ultzema and De Ronde) In which they Inform iia how Uev. Meyer, 
minister at Klnfrston, explained to his consistory that the siihordlnntlon to the 
Classls Is, by virtue of the letter, (a copy of which In the English lanpviaRe Is 
herewith enclosed), to be looked upon as one that must have been agreed to 
voluntarily. Concerning this, they request that the Classls should state. In a word, 
that It demands no other subordination — which is a matter of course — than the one 
which accords with this letter. 

III. Finally, a letter to Rev. W. Budde, dated .July 8 and Sept. 7, 1764, signed 
by Rev. Ritzema. This contains, as the chief matter, a suggestion, that It might be 
for the best interests of the New York churches. If the Rev. Classls would qualify 
two or three candidates for the service in the New Netherland churches, without 
assigning them to definite places. These then could be sent thither by the newly 
adopted method. 

Further : a request that the call, sent in behalf of Queens County, should be 
. offered to a competent person as soon as possible ; as there is danger in delay for 
that church. 

CnuKCii OF Xew York. 
The Ilarpending lots. Rev. De Ptonde's house. Indemnities. 

New York, January 7, 1763. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. The list of the grounds (lots) of Ilarpending was presented. By this the half 
lot, of No. 13, and the lot No. 14, appeared in possession of Jno. Cowdry. It was 
agreed that he should hold them to the year 1770, and pay £10. yearly free of all 
taxes. No. 84 is built upon with three bouses ; it was resolved to sell the premises 
to the highest bidder, who shall pay £15. ground-rent, yearly, to the church. No. 
90, a part of the lot occupied by Mr. Nortrup, had £10. a year for two years offered 
for It. This was agreed to. 

2. Since Luke Anient is indebted over £40. ground rent, and cannot pay, as he 
says; Resolved, That If he do not make full satisfaction, the house shall be sold 
and the ground leased. 

3. Joseph Faaldlng, being indebted between £40. and £50., Jno. de Peyster Is 
directed to take a Bond for it. 

4. Domine de Ronde suggested to the consistory that he would like to dwell 



OF THE State op New York, 3971 

1765 

again in the city, and requested them to provide him a house. To this they 
replied that he must look out for a house for himself; and pay for it out of his 
salary, according to what the consistory had given yearly for salary and house rent. 
The resolution of the consistory, October 31st, 1764, respecting the Indemnifying 
of the consistory of the year 1763, whose members were arrested by Mr. Abel Harden- 
brock. was taken up by the Ruling Consistory. It was resolved to give them a 
writing of indemnity, and in the action against Hardenbrock, a committee was 
appointed to fee the lawyers, and defend the church's cause to the uttermost. 
Committee: Philip Livingston, Jno. Brevoort, Abraham Lott, Jakobus "Van Zant, 
and any others whom they may request to aid them. 

Signed etc., 

J. Rltzema, p. t. President. 

New York, January . . 1765. 

Domine Kern, the minister of the High Dutch Church in this city, presented a 
request that, since the wall of their church had given way, so that they could not 
hold service there without extreme danger, they might use our church between the 
times of worship. This was agreed to. 

The committee on the law suit requested that money might be borrowed by the 
Treasurer for the fees, since there was nothing in the treasury. This was agreed to. 

J. R. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 

Letters. 

1765, Jan. 8th. Art. 5. The Rev. Depp, ad res Exteras have 

received a bundle of papers and letters from iN'ew York dated June 

7, and September 1764. Also eight days later a second package of 

letters. Subsequently still a third package of letters, xiv. 19, 20. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Letters. 

1765, Feb. 4th. Art. 3. The Rev. Depp, ad- res Exteras re- 
port that they have received a letter from E'ew York, from Rev. 
Ritzema, dated October 3, 1764. In this the subordinate Assem- 
bly (Conferentie) requests permission to qualify some candidates, 
and as such to send them over, and at the same to advance the 
moneys necessary therefor. 

The Classis judges that they must be answered that their re- 
quest in respect to sending over the candidates is indeed granted ; 
but that in regard to the moneys, the Classis itself must ask certain 
parties hereabouts (for permission in respect to this matter.) xiv. * 
22, 23. 

(De Ronde. Hardenberg. Meyer. The Coetus.) 
Art. 3. A letter from Rev. de Ronde of ISI'ew York, dated 
October 13, 1764, in which he professes his orthodoxy as to the 



•'••'^- ICCCLKSIASTICAI. I{i;<(iUI.S 

705 

.lort.rino of tl,,- lVo,M-..i,.n ..f \ho Ilolv C;i,ost. II.- will .-xplnin 

hinisolf iiion- fully in ropanl tft it. in a fnnrl\i<liii^r uou. (to his 

book), and send ovor a ropy. fSoo Art-s, A|)ril 2. I7<'t4.) 

A letter from .la<'ol) Kntson Ilanlonlwrtr. I'rfsident, and havid 
Marinu8. C'lcrk, dated October .'}, 1704, (of a Coetiis. li.dd) at 
Ilaokensack. in wliicli it is proposed to oflFect a " Cliureli Federa- 
tion " (witli the Clinreh of the Netherlands,) owing to certK'un 
reasons, stakMl in that letter at lenu;th. (See letter.) 

The Cla-ssis judges that the four ^lessrs. Depiitati should duly 
confer with each other more fully about this important matter, 
and also consult with other lirethren who luay be acquainted ^nth 
this whole business; and also if it l>e deemed necessary, to seek 
council of an intelligent law^'er, (about the legal relations of a 
Dutch Church in a British Colony, seeking to form a " Federal 
Union " with its Mother Church in tlie Xetherlands ;) and if pos- 
sible to bring in a r?port (pre-advice) at the next Classis ; and 
then finally to write a letter to the same, (the Coetus.) 

A letter from Ilernianus ]\[eyer, of Kingston, dated October 25, 
1764, embracing matters of the samx^ import. 

The Rev. Depp, read a letter to the Coetus of Xew York M'hich 
was approved to be fonvarded. xiv. 23. 

The Classi.s qf Amstei;da:m to tiik Co:;ferextie, Feb. 4tii, 
1705. Vol. 31, Page 226, No. 151. 

To the Rev. Assembly of Ministers and Elders sulwrdlnate to the Uev. Classis of 
Amsterdam, 

Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved Brethren : — 

1st. We inform you that vre have received the followin;? : — 

A. From the brethren who remain subordinate to the Classis, several bundles 
of writings, some of them in the latter part of 17G4. 

In the beginning of November in that year, a package, enclosing a letter from 
Revs. Ritzema and De Rondo, in the name and by the authority of the ministers 
and Elders subordinate to the Classis of Amsterdam, dated New Yorit, June 21st 
1764. We examined the proceedings of that Assembly, after those who call them- 
selves the Coetus had taken leave. [See .Tune 20, 1764.] 
We received also two other packages in addition : 

a. The first on Nov. 1^, 1764, with the proceedings of censure upon Rev. Van 
Hovenberg, with all the documents belonging to that case ; also a letter of the 
[same date] of the Rev. Gentlemen, Fryenmoet. Meyer and Cock, dated .Tuly 2'), 1764. 

b. A second package which we received Dec. 1.5, 1764, containing a call, [sent 
to be filled by] the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, may by authority of the Consjs- 
torles of the four combined congregations of Poughkeepsie, Fishkill, [New] Hacken- 
sack and Hopewell, with the request that the Classis would speedily supply them 
with a learned and pious minister who also accepted faithfully the true Church 



OF THE State of New York. 3973 

1765 

Order. — This document was accompanied Ijy a long letter from Rev. J. C. Fryenmoet, 
dated Poughkeepsie, Oct. 3rd 1764, containing an account of tlie union of tlie four 
congregations, and how they had sent over the call, with many inducements.— In 
addition to this we received a letter on Jan. 19, 1765, written by Revs. Ritzema 
and De Ronde, and dated New York, Oct. 3 & 13 (?) 1763, in which they requested 
us to send over some qualified persons for the ministry in New York. This also 
gives us assurance as to De Ronde's views in reference to the Holy Spirit. 
B. We have received from the brethren who call themselves the Coetus, 
On Jan. 8, 1765, a package, enclosing a letter in the Name of the Coetus of 
New York and New Jersey, and signed by the gentlemen Hardenberg and Marinus, 
next stood : (?) in our Coetus at Hackensack, Oct. 3, 1764, with some papers con- 
taining their plans. At that time the Classis also received a letter from Rev. 
Hardenberg, dated Raritan, Oct. 12, 1764. 

On Jan. 27, 1765 the Classis received a letter from Rev. Herman Meyer, writing 
in his individual capacity, dated Kingston, Oct. 25, 1764. All these documents 
have more or less reference to the communications of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
dated Jan. 11th and Oct. 3rd 1763. concerning the difficulties which are by no 
means new, and to which we had already noticed allusions in your letter. 
2nd Our answer to all the above mentioned topics here follows : 
A. Concerning your own communication and the brethren who remain subordi- 
nate to our Classis. 

In general, it was a matter of great joy to us that you adhered to the resolution 
of the Classis and Synod, notwithstanding the delay of the Acts of the Synod of 
North Holland. These were sent early enough, but did not reach you as soon as 
they ought. But it was a matter of grief to us, that, although all the brethren 
assembled together both of the Conferentie and of the Coetus, [June 19, 1764,] the 
latter soon withdrew on account of certain considerations which they thought 
ought first to be referred to the Classis and to the Synod. Thus all our efforts 
and labors, and the former resolutions and acts of approval of both the Classis 
and the Synod, have resulted in nothing whatever. 

We were especially astonished at the conduct of the Rev. Leadley (Laidlie). He 
had received a plain expression of opinion from us concerning the duty of sub- 
ordination to the Classis. He had, moreover, signed the Formulas of Unity, and 
promised to keep up the correspondence with the Classis. This was proved by the 
supplementary action. 

Our respected colleague. Rev. Budde, was astonished at your statement as to 
what Rev. Hardenberg had said in reference to his opinion as to the brethren of 
the Coetus. But such a statement is quite opposite to the feeling of his heart as 
well as the utterances of his month. Indeed, he s.iid just the contrary, that the 
brethren who remained subordinate, performed their duty. He was also informed 
from Utrecht that Prof. Ristman had never said such a thing as you mention, 
namely, that Prof. Bonner had expressed himself on this matter. He expressed no 
opinion except on the subject of subordination. 

In general : The Classis will fill the call, of the four congregations, for a minis- 
ter, but at present there is no opportunity to do so, as no qualified person has 
yet been found willing to go to New York. This grieves us. We have been not 
a little anxious about the Call of Queens County, sent us long ago. We had, 
indeed, found a certain person, and the call had been presented to him ; but we 
were subsequently under the necessity of withdrawing it again, on account of a 
suspicion which arose concerning his bad character. This ended this effort to send 
a qualified person to the churches of New York for the present ; yet we will cheer- 
fully fulfill the request, especially, if you will take it upon yourselves to supply 
the money through some of your correspondents outside of Classis. 

In order to overcome the diflJculty of finding suitable persons, we have Inserted 
an advertisement in " The Boekznnl " that there was vacant churches in New York, 
and that calls were in our possession ; that we desired to learn of those who were 
willing to offer themselves for this field. We also added that the divisions existing 
in the Church made the call the stronger and louder, " Come .over and help ns." 

In reference to your request in behalf of the well-educated young gentleman, 
Lydekker, who is not strong in health, the Classis will not oppose It. As a proof 
of her generosity, she will admit him to the Holy Service, praying God to qualify 
him for so important a work. 



.■?!J74 EccLEsiASTirAL Rkcouds 

1765 

In rrforcnco to the ncriiKBilonH lirniiKlit up nKoliiHi Ucv. Ilprhryck, the ClasBl* 
Is iiimtili' (o form n JmlKfUHiit liinHmtiili nn lie Ik n Coetii* brother. The clrciini- 
stancc that tlic SiilKtrdliinle A«Hriiilily (tne Conferenlle) hnii cetiHured tlilriy differ- 
ent hni)B.hni(l8. without due t»rtn of procegg, — this Ir a mutter that needH to be 
lnventlKHl<'<I. and If tln-j nre not proven Kiillty. they miiKt he r<-iilore<l. 

The ClnRsIs npiiroves (lie Art In reference to the mlHeralih' \ .in HoevenbePK- 
Our adrlcc Is, If he docs not repent, the censure must be continued ; but do not 
brlnK niBiters to n final deposition before he has gone to extreintu. 

In reference to the case of the old minister, Krlckzou, who. by IiIh conduct has 
rendered lilnigelf uhcIchr, the (.'InRslg cannot consider his case, as he docs not 
belong any more under their jurisdiction. Before the grave closes over his gray 
bend, may God grant unto him the spirit of true humiliation, with reconciliation 
through tlie blood of CbrlsL 

13. In reference to the communication of the Coctus brethren, and the new mat- 
ters of consideration proposed : 

The Classls might rightly hold herself to the resolution passed upon those 
brethren, expressed In the letters of Jan. 11th and Oct. 3rd, 1703; but we will 
encoura;:e you (them?) to follow the example of the Subordinate Assembly, which 
tnaintains itself In Its present position, and from which there has never been any- 
thing re()uired inconsistent with the civil oath. An olijection alwut such a matter, 
with all the alarm excited In connection therewith, is Indeed far-fetched. 

The Classls has determined once again to give her opinions on the matters of 
consideration suggested by the brethren of the Coetus ; but this time, Dnally, and 
on condition that they will send us a (flnal) answer. But attention to this has bo 
far been postponed, inasmuch as we received the letters of the Coetus brethren 
too late to attend to them at this session. But this duty will be performed at the 
next meeting of our Classls In April, when a flnal decision will be given, which 
we will also communicate to you. At any rate, brethren, you may hold yourselves 
to our former resolution, and shape your action thereon. The Lord who governs 
all hearts, and who knows the thoughts of our souls, the God of peace and of 
good-order in his house, grant you peace In " ""'ncs, and grace In order that you 
may have peace. May He ever be with y ■ ■ you steadfast, that you may 

abound In every work, knowing that our not be in vain in the Lord. 

Grace be with you. 

We remain with all respect and brotheny a:^ ...,. a. Rev. Sirs and Much-beloved 
Brethren, 

Your obedient servants and brethren, 

Winoldus Budde, Depp. Cl. h. t. Praesis. 
Joh. Kalkoen, " " " " Scriha. 

In our Classical Assembly, 
Amsterdam, Feb. 4, 1765. 

TuE Classis or Amsteudam to Rev. Arciiib.vld Laidlie, Feb. 
4, 1765. Vol. 31, Page 229. Xo. 152. 

To Rev. Archibald Leadly, minister at New York, 

Rev. Sir and Beloved Brother : — 

Notwithstanding the satisfaction which the Classis feels at the zeal you have 
exhibited in the Church of New York, she would have been still more pleased, if you 
had personally corresponded with our Assembly. We wish this all the more, because 
we have learned from letters that, instead of unity with the Rev. gentlemen, 
Ritzema and De Ronde, in seeking to heal the divisions which exist, and which 
the Classis expected of you, you have actually withdrawn yourself from subordina- 
tion to the Classis of Amsterdam. But was it made plain to you when you started 
for New York that you were to remain subordinate to us? Did you not subscribe 
our Formulas of Unity, as is the custom with all ministers when about to be 
installed in distant countries? Did you not promise to keep up correspondence with 
the Classis of Amsterdam? At any rate, the Acts of the Classis of December 5, 
1763, a session presided over by Rev. De Lange, cannot err In this matter, and they 
read as follows : 



OP THE State op New York. 3975 

" The English minister De Longneville together with his colleague, after the 
blessing was pronounced, exhibited to this Assembly instruments of dismission of the 
Rev. Leadly, from the Collegium Qualifactum, and from the English Consistory at 
Flushing, as well as from the Classis of Walcheren. All these documents were 
satisfactory. We requested further that the said Rev. Archibald Leadly should be 
Installed here (in Amsterdam) for the holy service of the Church of New York. 
The Assembly, on the ground of the resolution of the Classis of Oct. 3, 1763, approved 
this. The President officiated at the Installation, after which the Formulas of 
Unity were signed by the said minister, whereby he promised to Iseep up the cor- 
respondence with the Classis of Amsterdam." 

Dear Brother, the state of affairs being such as it Is, the Classis hopes you will 
be a man of your word. Is the chasm of discord not wide enough already? What 
will be the end of such vexations and wickedness? Oh ! that all would humiliate 
themselves ! that every hill and mountain might be leveled, and crooked ways be 
made straight ! The Lord grant that your heart may be Inclined to work for peace 
and unity. With this desire, we remain, 
Yours with respect and affection. 

Consider us, Rev. Sir and Beloved Brother, 
In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
Your obedient servants and brethren, 

Winoldus Budde, Depp. Cl. h. t. Praesis. 
Job. Kalkoen, " " " " Scriba. 

In our Classical Assembly, Amsterdam, Feb. 4, 1765. 



The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. L. De Ronde, Feb. 4, 1765. 
Vol. 31, Page 230. No. 153. 

To Rev. Lambertus De Ronde, Minister at New York, 
Rev. Sir and Brother : — 

The Lord be your Sun and Shield as well as your Great Reward ! In the midst 
of the many bad reports which we hear from New York, the Classis was happy to 
receive a writing from your hand, dated New York, Oct. 13, 1764, which reached us 
Jan. 19, 1765. The Classis is satisfied with your position respecting that important 
doctrine, the " Procession of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son." We 
are pleased with the statements which you make on this subject. We expect from 
you still profounder productions and a " System " of more comprehensive grasp. 
We thank you also for being satisfied with the opinion which we expressed on the 
book of Rev. Marshall (on Sanctification). This book with one In the Dutch lan- 
guage, we send you as a brotherly present, though a small one. 

Would that many brethren in (the Province of) New York were of the same 
humble disposition which we discover in your writings. Thus loving the Lord, they 
would seek more earnestly for peace and truth. May the Lord enable you still 
more deeply to sympathize with the crosses of Zion, and bestow you wisdom and 
grace, in order, if possible, to enable you to help build up the broken walls of 
Jerusalem. With this hope, we remain, 

Yours with respect, and consider ourselves, 
Rev. Sir and Brother 

In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
Your obedient servants and brethren, 

Winoldus Budde, Depp. Cl. h. t. Praesis. 
John Kalkoen, " " " " Scriba. 

In our Classical Assembly, Amsterdam, Feb. 4, 1765. 



1766 



17C5 



!!l7<; KCCLKSIASTKAL HkcoUKS 

Testimony as to a Ckutaix Skkmox ok ]{i;v. II. Mkyj.k, of 
KiN«;sT<>\. iiY Ckktain »)|- his Oim'onexts. Vl.V.. '.». l~{\7). 
On Fell. 0th. 170.-.. Ills text wnH John XYIII. 12. 13. 

Ills (>x|>nRltlon wnn that .Tomis In conB<'*jiionre of tho rrnft.v conmiltntlnnH of Annas, 
CalnphnR nnd tho .IcwiBh Conncll wns tnk«'n Iwiind and led nwny flrnt to Annnn. then 
to CalnphnR. The ronsons for this wpre — that It was «*xi)f(llont thnt ono man die 
for tho jiooplo, and that those consultations wore held moslly h.v nicht. 

In h!s njipllrntlon ho said, that It was a matter of lainenfiitlon that proceedings 
like those wore known ainonp oursolves. that they held secret consnItntlonB ncalnst 
the rlphtoouR and that with persons who like Annas and CalapliiiH had previously 
made up their minds — that It was Rood that one man he taken hy craft he led away 
and bound — that the .Tiidgos were partial such as they well knew would t-lvo the 
decision upon their side. And the Conelstory and Church were to be compared 
with the hand, and chief and servants, and that these consultations were held by 
night and by day but principally by night because they were works of darkness and 
shunned the light. 

This is about the sense and import of his words as he uttered them, as our signa- 
tures testify. 

.Jacobus Eltlnge 
Adrlaan \Yynkoop 
Willem Eltlnge. 

Addre.s.s of Rev. .Toiix Kitzem.v to the Americax CiiruciiEs, 
Feb. 28, 1765; Wiiex he also Pibli.siiet), ix Coxxection 
Therewith, Certaix Extracts from the Acts of the 
Syxod of Xorth Hollaxd, Held at Edam, Jcly 26-Aua. 
4Tir, 1763. 

A Xecessary Address to the Dutch Reformed Churches in the 
Provinces of Xew York and TCew Jersey. 

It is with the deepest regret, Worthy Brethren and Sisters In the Lord, that we 
learn that for a long while past, the decisions of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, as 
well as that of the Very Rev. Christian Synod of Xorth Holland held at Edam, .July 
26-Aug. 4, 1763, have been constant topics of general discussion, but with very 
little regard to truth. Those decisions related to matters pertaining to the condi- 
tion of the Dutch Reformed Churches in this part of the world. The discussions 
ran as if the Classis and the Synod had arrogated to themselves powers incompatible 
with the conditions here in America, of loyal subjects of the King of Great Britain ; 
yea, incompatible even with the very nature (aart) of the Netherland Church itself. 
And, by the spread of such opinions, It has been sought to perpetuate the discords 
(verwijderingen) which, alas! exist in different communities, unto the Injury and 
confusion of many as well as the general disturbance of the peace. 

If this state of things were confined to the bounds of our own Church, the con- 
sequences would not appear to be so serious. But others, who have nothing to do with 
our Church and its Constitution, receive therefrom wrong impressions, and thus have 
the opportunity afforded them to worry the very life out of us. [literally, to root 
Into our very bowels, in onze ingewanden te wroetenl, and even to accuse the 
Classis of Amsterdam of injtistice. as well as the Synod. Nevertheless, I am assured 
that all such as do not wish to form mere partizan judgments, but just ones — which 
course alone is worthy of a Christian, if he would not willingly subject himself to 
the just condemnation of God — I am sure that all such must abhor such a course, 
and be convinced of the entire justice of those ecclesiastical decisions. The neces- 
sity of this Address has also its further confirmation in those statements, wicked 



OF THE State of New York. 3977 

and in conflict with the truth, which have been laid even before lawyers, but which, 
for sufficient reasons, I shall not now bring into the light. 

I do not wish now to detain you with a very long Address, much less to review 
with you the very elaborate correspondence of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, in 
regard to these matters. Those letters are in our hands or in the hands of other 
brethren, and may be consulted by those who are interested in them. But I only 
wish to say this much: That our churches, from their first organization in this 
part of the world, have stood in a relation of subordination to the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam. Such subordination has also at all times been acknowledged, without 
the slightest contradiction, by all the churches in both these Provinces, as may 
easily be shown from innumerable letters. 

When, then, the request was made that an Ecclesiastical Assembly might be held 
in this country, such a one as actually existed for many years under the name of 
" The Coetus ", and in which no business was to be handled except such as was 
strictly ecclesiastical, so that Unity of Faith, and Purity of Doctrine and Discipline 
might be conserved among us — when that request was made, the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam which had always considered, and does yet consider us as belonging to 
her Body, did. as early as the year 1739,' give permission to hold such an Assembly, 
but under the following express conditions : 

" That care must be taken that in such Coetus no judgment should be passed on 
the doctrines ; and neither should a preparatory nor a final examination for candi- 
dates and ministers be held ; for these were matters which the Synod of Dort had 
reserved for the action of the respective Classes," etc. 

Now was not the Coetus actually organized upon that basis? Have not all the 
brethren, without distinction, who have been united with us in that one Body, 
subscribed to these conditions, together with the other Articles? Yea, have not four 
of the brethren, three of whom are still living, shown, or at least desired to show, 
their approval of that subordination, by subscribing, when the Coetus Book was 
placed in their hands, although the disruption of our dear Church of the Father- 
land, had already, in fact, begun — have they not shown that they were inclined to 
that subordination? For they subscribed to those Articles, which constitute "The 
Fundamental Rules of the Coetus." together with the later legislation. Nevertheless, 
those same brethren do now. with others, oppose the decision of the Very Rev. 
Christian Synod. What else, then, are they doing, except to prove that they have 
abandoned the accepted Confession? And although they do not publicly seek 
assistance, (En zo geen hulp in de poorten zoeken) yet they cause the simple- 
minded to understand that they are oppressed in reference to their Christian liberty. 
Nevertheless, the Rev. Classis and the Synod demand nothing else than is con- 
sistent with our Constitution, (Constitutie), and to which, every one when entering 
upon the Sacred Ministry, or in joining the Coetus, bound himself, confirming it by a 
solemn subscription. 

Now did not those brethren, notwithstanding the fact that they had solemnly 
subscribed to the contrary, license four candidates, two of whom are now engaged 
in the active service of the ministry, and two of whom have died? And we are now 
asked, for the sake of peace, to recognize them. This request we have never with- 
stood, ftegengestaan), setting forth, however, these limitations, that such proceed- 
ings must not be repeated. But, how, then, can a reasonable person consider it an 
injustice, if the Rev. Classis withdraws from correspondence with those who are 
unwilling to abide in the fellowship of that Church, to which, for the maintenance 
of good Order, they voluntarily bound themselves by their subscription? I boldly 
assert that there is no injustice therein. For the Rev. Classis does not persecute 
any one in this matter, but only declares what it thinks of such persons. If, now, 
ministers can persuade themselves, and churches are willing to agree with them, 
to pass over from a National Church, to an Independent Church, we allow that the 
responsibility for such a step rests with themselves. If they do not appreciate the 
danger of such a course, we wish from the bottom of our hearts that they may come 
to see it, and recover themselves therefrom before it becomes too late. 

But some, perhaps, may say, that they are not under the same bond of obligation 
as we are, because the ministers who have been ordained by them, and those who, 
from time to time, may be ordained by them, have not subscribed to those Articles. 
This is also the case with some who came in later, and who. probably, have sub- 
scribed to some Ecclesiastical Judicature here, in this country ; just as a certain 

108 



1765 



1765 



1!I7S ECCLEBIASTK'AL KrCOUDH 

tnlnlHtrr wrotp mo thnt hi> hurt orjrnnlr.oil n new chiirrh. on thf hnn\t of the Rynod 
of Iiort an<1 the Formul«e of T'nity of tho NoJherlnnd Church, but nndfr a Church 
Judlcntory of (hia country. Be thnt nn It may. I>?t thfro b* Indrp^ndeot* who 
dnRirp If Hut wo, certainly, muat bo careful how we recoKnlte thorn as brethren 
of our Order. 

It la for etich reaaons. then, nrethrm and Blatrra In the Ix)rd. that we hereby 
communlcntc to you thia whole bvialnoas aa It wna dlariiaaod and decided In the 
Synod of North Holland, (In 1703). We hope thnt the effect may be that, even 
if the brethren who dllTor from ua ahould peralat In their ptirpoao. the coni;rejtatlonB, 
neTertheleaa. may be ennbled to Judjcc of those inntlera for themaelvca ; and that 
they refrain from spnnklnn evil of those whom they muat nil recojcnir.c aa " Fathers 
In Chrlat " ; and whom tlioy ahoiild obey. In the Lord, na thoae who have ao long 
wnfrlied, and are pflll wntchlng for the welfare of our churchea. 

I am, with nil re.spect, 

Youra In our Lord .Tcsus Christ, 

Joannes RItzoma. 
New York, Feb. 28, ITG."!. 

Aeticle 4:TH of the Acts of the Synod, 1763. — Commlssion 
OF Rev. Jacob R. ITardicnbero to the Synod, and Appoint- 
ment OF Committee to Report on his Request. 

Hereupon the Rev. Jacob Rutse Ilardenberg. V. D. M. of Old Rarltan. In New 
Jersey, was admitted. His Rev. was provided with proper credentials from the 
Church there. He then presented a certain request to this High Church Assembly, 
which was further urged In a letter from the said Coetus. 

The Investigation of this matter was referred, with the consent of their Noble 
Mightinesses, to a Committee, consisting of the Revs. Van Royen, Van Assen, Van 
Eycken and Hanssen, besides the representative elders from Haarlem and EnkhuyseD. 
These gentlemen were requested to favor this Assembly with their advice. 

Ar,ticle 48. — Report of the Committee. 

The Committee appointed to investigate the affairs of the Church of New York, 
of which mention has been made, report to this High Rev. Church Assembly, that 
they have read the documents placed In their hands concerning this matter, by the 
worthy Rev. Johannes de Lange. Extraordinary Deputy of the Classls of Amsterdam; 
and have the honor to offer this advice to this Synod, after they have given an 
account of what was done In committee. 



The Action of the Classis op Amsterdam ; also Certain 
Documents. 

I. As to the matter relative to the proposition of those who still style themselves 
the Coetus : 

1. They were Informed In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, according to a 
resolution of the Classis, of Oct. 4th, 1762, Act 5, of the scorn and disdain put upon 
the Classis and the Synod of North Holland by Johannes Leydt, minister at New 
Brunswick, In New York, (New Jersey?), in a pamphlet, entitled "True Liberty the 
Way to Peace ", published in Philadelphia, in the year 1760, according to Church 
Order, after previous examination. Among many others, some leading passages 
were read to them. These the Rev. Classis consigns to the bosom of the very Rev. 
Synod, leaving the judgment thereon entirely to the Synod. 

2. There was also read to them the advice of the Deputies on Foreign AITalrs Of 
the Classis of Amsterdam, in the matter of Rev. Jacob Rutse Ilardenberg, minister 
at Old Rarltan In New Netherland. The main import of this Is as follows : That 
the said Rev. Hardenberg appeared before the Deputies on Foreign Affairs, as also 



OF THE State of New York. 3979 

1766 

snbsequently he was present in the Classis immediately preceding this Synod, and 
was furnished with letters of authority from those ministers who still style them- 
selves the Coetus. These were signed by Samuel Verbryck, President and Johannes 
Leydt, Secretary, ministers at Tappnn and New Brunswick. By virtue of his said 
CJommission, he proposed to them the following question : 

Pbopositiok of the Coetus to the Classis. 

Whether the Classis of Amsterdam might not resolve to change the New York 
Coetus into a Classis, with power to license candidates and ordain ministers in that 
country ; and also whether the Classis would not advise the Conferentie Assembly 
to favor the change of the Coetus into a Classis ; giving as a reason for such 
requests, that this would be the best means for putting an end to all the alienations 
and divisions there, and of again uniting the ministers and Consistories in that 
country into one Body. 

The Deputies having earnestly considered this proposition, were (salvo meliorl) of 
opinion that the above mentioned requests could not by any means be granted. 

1. " Because this business is already " judicata " ; that this project, devised by 
certain ones in New York, to change the Coetus into a Classis, and also to establish 
an Academy there, had been already rejected both by the Classis of Amsterdam In 
two emphatic letters, the one dated Dec. 9, 1755, signed by Revs. W. Peyffers, Presi- 
dent, and B. Schutte, Scriba ; the other dated April 5, 1756, signed by Revs. R. 
Schutte, (President), and J. Boskoop, Scriba. It has also been rejected by the Synod 
of North Holland, which emphatically confirmed the action of the Classis In the 
years 1756 and 1757." 

2. " Because, since that time, no change for the better has occurred, which might 
move the Classis to change its opinion ; but, on the contrary, matters have become 
much worse ; for the alienations and divisions have very much increased, and the 
bitterness between the two parties has become greater ; indeed, to such an extent, 
that Rev. Leydt, in his pamphlet, above mentiond, has not hesitated to treat with 
scorn and to injure most painfully the Classis of Amsterdam and the Synod of North 
Holland. At the same time he maintains, in every way, that the Coetus has the 
right to license and ordain, thus trying to destroy all subordination to the Classis, 
and, Instead, to introduce a condition of complete independence." 

In reply to this pamphlet, the Conferentie Assembly has published another. In 
this, the Rev. Leydt is not only opposed, but the right to license and ordain for 
that church, is acknowledged to belong to the Classis of Amsterdam alone. 

They also declare themselves perfectly satisfied in remaining subordinated to the 
Classis of Amsterdam ; and, in a letter, request, that the Classis would pronounce a 
final decision on this whole business ; declaring that otherwise, they would be com- 
pelled to address themselves directly to the Synod. 



Action of the Classis. 

After mature deliberation the Classis took action in that matter, and charged 
Its Deputies to communicate the same in two letters ; one to the Conferentie Assem- 
bly, and one to those who styled themselves the Coetus. The Deputies discharged 
this duty, and in both letters, showed in detail, that the Classis of Amsterdam alone 
has the right to license and ordain for the New York churches, and that that 
Church, and also the Coetus, are legally subordinated to it. This was proved : — 

1. " From the old " Constitution " which governed that region when it was under 
the control of the West India Company. At that time, it, like all other colonies of 
that Company, was subordinated to the Classis of Amsterdam, and received from It 
Its ministers." 

2. " From the condition in which that region remained, after it came under the 
power of Great Britain." For, at the Surrender of that i-egion, Sept. 8. 1664, the 
following was expressly stipulated and agreed to : Art. 8 : " The Dutch residents 
here shall retain and enjoy liberty of conscience in Religion and Church Discipline." 
Art, 12 : "All public documents and proofs relating to any one's Inheritance, or 
Church government, diaconate or orphan's court, shall be carefully preserved by 



rG5 



EcCLKSIASTirAI. Hi:<OHI>S 

tbow who hnv«» iliom In chnrRp." In thiH Bamc condition tliin roRlon continued by 
Tirtue of tlip dpflnlto IVnco Tronty liolwccn the Klntr of Oront nrltiilii and their 
HiKh MlKhtlnrnwd. the StnteM (;encTnl. In the ycnr \Wi, Art. 0. 

3. '• rnmi the Kiin<Inmi>ntnl Artlrlc« upon which the Coetun whh nllowcd and 
orfTODliEoil. In Ihene. It wnn cxprcPHly Rtipulated that It nhould remain Hubordlnated 
to the ClaMlii of Anmterdam.* 

4. " From the constant practice and arknowlcd(;einentR. even on the part of those 
of New York, confirmed by the action of the Synod In the years IT.'iC, IT.'m. IT.'H." 

5. " For all these reasons the Dopiitles. (salvo mallorli do resolve, thsit the Classls 
must not only now perslKt In Ita views, but also not In any respect depart therefrom; 
and tlinl It <iu):))( to announce this fact to Kev. ilnrdenbers: and also add. that io 
case the Coetns wns determined to proceed In the course already pursued, the ('lassls 
would be comj>flled to break off all correspondence with them, and to leave them to 
themselves ; bo that, should they at any subsefjuent time, experience the Injurious 
consequences of their separation, they would have themselves only to blame, and be 
unable to make the excuse that they bad not been warned." 

This reported advice the Classls of Amsterdam adopted by a unanimous vote, and 
changed It Into a Classical Resolution. 



Letter Fi;om the Comeicentie. 

The Committee ad banc causam, have also read a letter, dated June 8, 1763, 
written by Rev. Johannes Rltzema, minister at New York, in the name also of bis 
Colleague. De Konde .nnd two other ministers. Van Sinderen and Rubcl. the rest of 
the members belonging to the Conforentie Assembly not being able, on account of the 
great distance, to be present on such short notice. In this letter they 

1. " Make known that on the Tith of June they had received, and on the 7th had 
read, the package of letters sent to them by the Rev. Classls." 

2. "They thank the Rev. Classls for the advice given on the matter In dispute; 
believing that the Rev. Assembly had taken the matter in Its vital spot, and thus 
paved the way for the removal of all dissension " ; 

3. " They declare in so many words : We desire to maintain no yoke of human 
bondage, but only " good order ", according to divine and human laws, to which we 
have in duty bound ourselves ; and if it please the Rev. Classis as a Higher Assembly, 
to which we are most nearly subordinated, to hold us to that, it can assure itself, 
not only of our adherence, without looking about to any other, but also of the 
beneficial consequences which will flow therefrom for the congregations In these 
regions." 

4. " They then close with wished for blessings." 



Proposition of the Coetus to the Syxod. 

Furthermore, the Committee examined the letter which Rev.'Hardenberg brought 
with him and delivered to this High Church Assembly, containing a certain propo- 
sition : — 

" That the Rev. Coetus, either under the name of Coetus. or under the name of 
Classis, corresponding and taking counsel with the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 
might be ecclesiastically subordinated to the Very Rev. Synod of North Holland, in 
such a way that the Coetus shall have the right of Appeal, and other privileges, 
along with other bodies belonging to the very Rev. Synod, as far as the circum- 
stances of our great distance, and of our belonging to another Power, will allow; 
until the time, indeed, when the Lord shall have so entrusted his newly planted 
Vineyard in these regions, that it might be necessary to organize Synodical Assem- 
blies here (in America)." 

Views of the Committee on This Proposition, 

The Committee believes that in this Proposition, the purpose of the members of 
the so-called Coetus which had long been feared, and which they had cherished In 



OF THE State of New York. 3981 

, 1765 

their hearts, may now be distinctly perceived, namely, that of gradually but con- 
tinually withdrawing themselves from the subordination under which they stand, 
both in regard to this Synod in general, as well as to the Classis of Amsterdam, in 
particular ; and finally of mailing themselves entirely independent. The gentlemen 
of the Committee cannot see that the reasons for a Classis advanced in the letter 
deserve any consideration. 

Hereupon Rev. Jacob Rutse Ilardenberg came in, and was further questioned on 
different points ; but he could not prevail on the Committee to accede to his request. 



AcTiox Proposed by the Synodical Committee. 

They are, therefore, (salvo meliori) of opinion : — 

1. " That the resolution of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam should be adopted and 
changed into a Synodical Resolution, and that Rev. de Lange be thanked for having 
drawn it up." 

2. "That Rev. (.Jacob) Rutse Hardenberg ought to be informed of the indignation 
of this High Church Assembly at the affront and scorn which Rev. Leydt has, in 
more than one way, put upon this Synod, as well as upon the Classis of Amsterdam, 
in the little book he published, and that even according to Church Order, after pre- 
vious examination." 

3. " That the request made by the said Rev. (Jacob) Rutse Hardenberg must be 
denied." 



ADOPTiOisr OF Their Report. 

The Synod, after mature deliberation upon this weighty and far-reaching matter, 
determined at the suggestion of their Noble Mightinesses, to adopt the report of 
the Committee ad banc causam, with thanks for the trouble taken an^ the careful 
attention given, and to change it into a Synodical Resolution, with the request that 
the President, in the name of this High Church Assembly, would make known and 
explain, in emphatic terms, this action of theirs to the Commissioner of the so-called 
Coetus, here present, as follows : — 

" That the request made by those of the Coetus, in the letter to this Synod, has, 
in large part sprung from ignorance, as to the real constitution of Ecclesiastical 
Assemblies, Classical as well as Synodical, in this country ; that these are inseparably 
connected with the Sovereignty of the said land. The Coetus of New York, there- 
fore, being subject to another Sovereign, can never, no never, either wholly or par- 
tially, be a [constituent] portion [lid] of this Synod. This Synod also feels exceed- 
ingly indignant over the scorn and disdain which Rev. Eeydt has, in more than one 
way, put upon this Synod, as also upon the Classis of Amsterdam, in the pamphlet 
published by him, [even though it were issued] according to Church Order, after 
previous examination." 

" That those who call themselves the Coetus have thus made themselves guilty 
of detestable ingratitude towards their benefactors, who have labored so long for 
their welfare, and have taken so much trouble in behalf of the churches of New 
York. By thus acting, and by persevering therein, they give the Classis of Amster- 
dam and the Synod of North Holland just cause for withdrawing themselves from 
them and of breaking off all correspondence with them. They are, however, earn- 
estly exhorted to consider well what hurtful and fatal consequences will result to 
them therefrom, even unto the damage, confusion, divisions and ruin of their 
Church. For all this, they will have themselves only to blame, when, having cut 
themselves off from the Netherland Churches, they deplore it when it is too late." 

At the same time the Synod again declares, that, notwithstanding all this, it 
remains still disposed, as does also the Classis of Amsterdam, if they will keep 
themselves in proper subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam, and through it to 
this High Church Assembly, to do everything, and employ every effort that can be 
conducive to the welfare of the New York churches : exhorting them once more, to 
that end, to lay aside all hatred and enmity, and, all of them, to unite themselves 
In love into one Body. 



1765 



3082 Eccr.EsiASTH'Ai. Kkcoiids 

All thin Iho RpT. Prenldont mnrto known to Kov. Harclpn»)<>rK In pniphmlc tPrms. 
A ropy rIko of till* nrtinn vnn ;;lvon to him, while Rinillnr copies are to be aent to the 
•o-cnll^ " Coetud " and to the " Confcrcntle ABacmbl]r." 



C'ONCM'SION BY RiTZKMA. 

Ilebold. here, o Friends, the whole matter hroiiRht under your own eyrs, word 
for word. Just aa It was transacted In Synod. I might justly add to this, that 
herein Is the public Justification of myself. In reference to the charge of Kev. I^eydt 
concerning that Snugortles nfrntr. But, Inasmuch ns that affects only myself, and 
It satlslles me th.^t Synod has Justinod mo, I shnll not quote ilnMr opinjon of me, 
commendnble though It be, for I am not seeking laudable testimonies from men. 

Still, I will not ciinceol what belongs to the public matter, namely, that the Rev. 
Classls. In sending us the Acts of the Synod, was pleased. In an accompanying letter, 
to express Itself thus: 

•• We now send your Revs, herewith the Acts of the Synod of North Holland, 
recently held. In which your Revs, will find the grounds whereupon Its decision rcsta, 
more fully presented. Our request Is, that your Revs, will send this Act to all 
those brethren who remain subordinated to the Classls of Amsterdam, and to them 
only, since the CInssIs can no longer hold correspondence with those brethren who 
have cut themselves oft, by withdrawing from the ancient and well-founded subor- 
dination." 

That this agrees with the original, I testify, by my signature, 

J. Rltzcma. 
The End. 



German Reformed Church, !N^ew York. 
Laying of the Corner-stone. 

New York, 8th March. 1765. 

Everything having been prepared by the builders, Van Dalsen and Peter 
Hendricks, the present as well as the former Consistory, with the members of the 
congrpgatlon assembled at one o'clock to lay the first stone of our said church. 
This took place In the presence of a goodly company. The stone was laid by our 
pastor, the Rev. .lohann Mleheal Kern, (born In Mannhein.) with the words of the 
Patriarch Jacob: "This stone, which I have erected to thy name, shall be called 
the house of the Lord." And in conpluslon the words of .Tesus, .Tohn 4 : " God Is a 
Spirit, etc." In the house built upon this stone, the Word of the Lord must always 
be preached truly and faithfully according to the Reformed doctrine of Heidelburgh 
and Switzerland. 

Foundation stones were then laid by every member of the consistory and con- 
gregation present, with the exclamation, "for a German Reformed Church!" 

The names of the Consistory under whose superintendence this church is building 
are : 

Johannes Mayer, Johannes Zurcher, Helnrich Wiederman, Helnrich Hillman,^ 
Heinrlch Croo. Henrlch Will, Micheal Houswlrk and Johannes Remmy — Elders. 
[See July 30, 1765.] 



Church of New York. 
Burial Grounds. 

New York, March 21st, ITO.j. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

A petition to the Mayor and Aldermen, etc., for (concerning?) twelve lots of 
ground belonging to the corporation to be given on certain terms, for a burying 



OP THE State of New York. 3983 

1766 

ground. This was accepted and signed In the name of the consistory, and ordered 
to be sent to the Common Council at the first opportunity. 

Mr. Welp came in, and stated that the Deacons had decided that they could not 
continue him on the same footing upon which he liad stood before, — receiving • 
yearly from them £16. above his Income; he therefore feared that he would be that 
much behind the coming autumn. He therefore humbly asked. Inasmuch as the 
Dutch school was so poor, and his recording the names of baptized children had 
also greatly diminished, that the consistory would please to provide some other 
way. This the Consistory considered favorably, and ordered, that inasmuch as he 
had been appointed Catechlst, and Consoler of the Sick, the £16. should on this 
ground be allowed him. 
Signed etc., 

J. Rttzema, p. t. President. 

New York, March 29, 1765. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

Another petition to the Mayor and Aldermen was presented for a certain piece 
of ground belonging to the corporation, which was farther described In the Peti- 
tion : when it lay in the Vlakte, how it was bounded etc. It was thought fit that 
a committee should be appointed to present this petition to the council, and to 
agree with them on a committee of their number, on the exact terms, and to report 
thereon to the consistory for approval. This committee consists of Alderman 
Livingston, Anthony Ten Eyck, Evert Bancker, and Jakobus Van Zandt. 
Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema. 



Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputie,s. April 4, 1765. Call of the Rev. Isaac 

Rvsdjck. April 4, 1705. Vol. 24, Pages 104-6. 

In the Name of the Most High Triune, Holy and Adorable God, Amen. 

Inasmuch as ' the pure preaching of God's Holy Word, in conjunction with the 
saving work of the Spirit of the Lord, is the true means ordained of God to lead 
sinners from the'r misery to eternal salvation ; and whereas we have now for a 
long time been deprived of the stated ministry of the Word, yet realize Its necessity ; 
we have taken it to heart to put forth means to secure the same : 

Therefore, we, the undersigned, elders and deacons of the four combined congre- 
gations of Fishkill, Poughkeepsie, (New) Hackensack and Hopewell, in Dutchess 
County, in the province of New York, met in the fear of the Lord ; and after calling 
on His Holy Name, took into earnest consideration the matter of a call. We unani- 
mously resolved to send over and charge the High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam with 
the business of this call ; that they should send us a lawful Pastor and Teacher, 
to exercise faithfully among us the sacred ministry of the Gospel, according to 
the requirements of God's Holy Word, and the doctrine and Church Order accepted 
by the Netherland Reformed Church, according to the Synod of Dordrecht held 
Anno Domino. 1018-1619 : — Even as we do also actually, by these presents, call 
that same minister, which the High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam shall send to us, 
and who shall with his own hand sign this call in the presence of the High Rev. 
Classis or of its Deputies ad Res Esteras, on the following terms : 

1. In general, he shall perform all the duties of the Gospel ministry, diligently, 
faithfully, and with edification. These consist in the public calling upon God's 
name, and the pure preaching of God's Word, plainly expounding the same, and 
powerfully applying it ; in administering the Holy Sacraments of the New Covenant, 
according to Christ's institution ; in exercising church-discipline, thus using the 
keys of the Kingdom of Heaven diligently and wisely, in conjunction with the Rev. 
Consistory ; in visiting the sick ; and further in doing everything that belongs to 
the office and the duty of a faithful overseer, pastor and teacher of Jesus Christ, 
and of His Church. 



:;•.»>» 1 EcCLKsiAsricAi, l{r.t(»iuis 

2. In partlriilnr : Up nhnll iwrvo thcuc chtirchca In iiucb a way. that during th« 
nix luinoirr roonlliN he ahall i>ronch twice on oarh LorcU !»«>• ; In tlip fon-noon on 
a frcH-ly clioHcii toxt from WodB Ihily Word; and In tlie nftornoon he ulinll follow 
thp lend. (Irldrand. jnildo) of the lloldolberg ("atPclilKm ; l>ut diirlnx tin- nix wluti-r 
months. Jnit onco (PBch I/ordH l>ny;i but nlno on tlio Venn l>ny(« of ChrlHtin.iH, Now 
Ycara Day, Kaatcr. (I'aaach), Whitaunday (I'Inxtcr), and Ancenalon Day, at !■ 
cuHtomnry In tin- Hcfornn>d Churrhos. lln Rliiill nlno hold cfttPchlHntion-*. nn often 
as hp and the ndlrorn shall doom u»nful and edifying. As regards tho preaching 
turns: these shnll occur In rotation from one church to the other, so Ihnt all the 
four chiirclies shall enjoy the exact fourth part of the services, excepting that Hope- 
well, falling short In salary, the same ahnll be made up by roughkeepsle ; for which 
roughkoepsle. In proportion to that extra money, shall enjoy more aervlces than 
Hopewell. 

3. He shnll administer the Holy .Supper of the lyord twice a year at roughkeepale, 
and onrc In each of the three other churches; and so much oftener as he and the 
Consistory shall deem the same to be edifying. 

4. He shall perform house-vlsltatlon once a year In all the four congregations, 
at such time as It shall seem proper to bim and the consistory. 

.5. The Header (Voorleser) in each church shall keep a record of the children 
who are presented for baptism. 

Hereunto, and for the accomplishment of the same, do we, the undersigned mem- 
bers of the consistory, both elders and deacons, promise, for ourselves and our 
(successors) after us. to perform and contribute on our part, for him, so long as 
he shall be our pastor and teacher, as follows : 

1. That we, by virtue of this call, obligate ourselves to pay to him the sum of 
130 pounds, current money of this province, yearly and every year, to be paid and 
satisfied from the four churches, and in such a manner, that I'oughkeep.sle shall 
contribute the proportion of 41 pounds, without any burden (of the amount) from 
either of the other churches; In the same way shall Fishklll and New Ilackensack 
each pay, yearly and every year, 32 pounds 10 shillings; and nopowell, 21 pounds; 
each church to be responsible for its respective sum, and for this only. This, the 
preacher shall have the right to demand during the said period (of his pastorate.) 
The full salary shall begin from the day when he shall preach his installation 
sermon In one of our churches. 

2. He shall be provided with such a proper dwelling house, and with so much 
land for garden and orchard. In one of the congregations in which he may choose 
to reside, as is, at present, the minister's house, and the amount of land with It, 
at Poughkeepsie. 

The congregations in which he does not reside, shall provide him, when he comes 
to perform service among them, with proper lodgment and necessary shelter, free 
of charge, so long as his services among them require. 

4. He shall, upon the acceptance and signing of this call in the mannnr above 
mentioned, receive C'i pounds, to meet the expenses necessary for the voyage; ,nnd 
should tho"e expenses exceed this sum, the remainder shall be paid him on his 
arrival among us. 

5. He shall be obliged when he accepts this call, to subordinate himself to the 
High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam ; and also to (become a member of our subordinate 
Assembly, (in America), and remain perpetually a member thereof; or, if he with- 
draws himself from the subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam, or from our 
subordinated Assembly, this call shall be null and void. (This Assembly in 
America, in this place, is the Conferentle). 

0. In case any dispute should arise between minister and consistory or congre- 
gation, which may God forbid, and which they themselves cannot amicably settle, 
such dispute shall be referred to our subordinate Assembly, according to the decision 
of which, we shall conduct ourselves. 

In this form, and on these reciprocal conditions, we entrust and deliver this call 
to that Rev. Gentleman to whom the High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam shall present 
it; and who, in the presence of the High Rev. Classis, shall accept and sign It; 
•with the hope and expectation that, under the blessing of the Lord, and the wise 
direction of the High Rev. Classis, a minister may .soon come over to us, in the 
fullness of the blessing of the Gospel. This is our wish, and our prayer to God, 
the Almighty and Wise Governor of all things. 



OF THE State of New York. 



3985 



1765 



That this is our sincere and hearty intention, we attest, by these our subscrip- 
tions, this third day of October, 1764. Actum at Poughkeepsie on this date. 
N. B. The distance of the two farthest outlying churches is 13% English miles. 

Was signed in my presence, as Moderator, 



Lawrence van Kleck, 
Aarts Middag 
Peter van Kleek 
Tobias Stoutenburg 

John Swartwout 
John Hoogteiling 
John Concklin 
Zacharias Garuryck 



J. Fryenmoet, V. D. M. 
aetas, 43. 



.at Poughkeepsie. 



Isaac Binkerhoft 
Gysbert Schenk 
Koert van Yoerhof 
Henry Philip 

Dirk Brinckerhoft 
Obediah Cooper 
Rudolph Swartwout 
Conrad Deple 



.at Fishkill. 



Cornelius Luysters 
Peter Outwater 



John Baptist Kip 
William Heerman 



at New Hackensack. 



Abraham Adriaanse 
Gronwel van Devoort 



Gerrit Storm 

Abraham van Vleckeren 



.at Hopewell 



' Deacons 



The above call, did I, the undersigned, after having well understood the sense 
and purpose thereof accept, in the fear of God, and in the presence of the High 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

(was signed) Isaac Rysdyck. 

This call is approved by the Classis of Amsterdam, Alay 6, 1765. Quod testatus. 
Jacobus Tyken, V. D. M. Amsterdam and h. t. Clerk. 



CiiuRCii OF ]^EW York. 

Abstracts of the Trial between Abel Hardenbrook, plaintiff, (in behalf of the Dutch 
party so called,) and the Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church of the city of New York, defendants, commenced upon the said 
Elders and Deacons refusing the other members of the said Church" a "vote 
for Church officers." [See Nov. 11, 1767.] 



Supreme Court in the City of New York, 

April Term, Friday, 26, 176.5. 

"At eleven of the clock in the morning came on the trial of Abel Hardenbrook, 
plaintiff, against John Bogert, Esq. and others, defendants, when the following 



176B 



JJOSG ECCLESIA8TUAI> Hkcokhs 

Jury, out of tlio pniiol wlilrh wn« iilrurk tlio l»lli hint.. npi.innMl iiifoii call, and 

wprp nworn to I17 the rnuwc. nnnicly: 

Sntijiicl Vrrplnnck, Thomni White. 

John Starr. CruKPr, .l"lin HhonU, 

Pnvld ClnrkBon. Wllllnm lU-dlow, 

Uol»rrt CrllTon. John I'rovo-.Bt. Kiiq. 

hnwrcnco KortrlRht, U-wli IMntard. 

Beverly RoblnRon, Walter Kuthcrford. 

"After a trial of twenty-one honrs. In the rourne of whirh many evlflfnrea were 
examined, the Judge k^vo the following rluirge," (Omltlcd) "to the Jury, to bring 
In a i»pvH-lnl verdict upon niiittern of law. to be determined by solid arKument 
before the court, but recommended to find three matters of fact upon evidence, 
namely: 

"iBt. That the plalntlflf had made a lawful demand of hlH vote by Jarobm 
StoulenberK. 

"2nd. That the majority of the members assembled on that day. appeared to have 
been on the side of the plaintiff to vote. 

"3rd. That the minister of the Dutch Clniroh had a vote In the election for elders 
and deacons. 

"All which the said Jury brought In accordingly, ns will appear by the following 
notes, which are cxnctly transcribed from a copy of Mr. Bangor, taken from the 
original verdict of the Jury: 

"New York Supreme Court. 
"Al)el Ilardenbrook against John ) 

Bogert, Jun., Esq., and others. ( Notes of special verdict. 

"The Jurors upon their oath, on the trial of the Issue afore.said, do find: 

"1st. That King ■William the Third, by his letters patent, under the great seal 
of the province of New York, bearing date the 11th May, in the eighth year of hlB 
said Majesty's reign, in the year of our Lord 1G96, did grant unto the ministers, 
elders, and deacons of the Refonned Protestant Dutch Church of the city of New 
York— prout: 

"2nd. That the Lieutenant-Governor, the Council, and General Assembly of the 
province of New York, by a certain act to enable the minister, elders and deacons 
of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of the city of New York, to sell and 
dispose of their lands, tenements, and hereditaments, in the county of Westchester, 
commonly called and known by the name of the Manor of Fordham, and also for 
granting unto them some further liberties and privileges for the better management 
of their alTairs, and the well ordering of their said church, did enact— prout: 

" 3rd. That his late Majesty King George the Second, by his confirmation under 
seal, dated 25th February, 175o, did confirm the said act — prout: 

" 4th. That the defendants were the major part of the elders and deacons of 
the said church in the city of New York, on the third Thursday of October, 1763, 
one of the days of election of elders and deacons appointed by the said charter, and 
BO, being elders and deacons, on that day were assembled at the said church to 
proceed to an election of elders and deacons for the said church for the then ensuing 
year. 

" 5th. That the plaintiff, on the said Thursday of October, 1763, and long before, 
was a member of the said church and corporation, duly admitted, and also a member 
In communion of the said Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, and an inhabitant 
of the said city of New York; and so being a member and inhabitant, did on the 
same day personally attend at the said church, before the election, nomination, 
or appointment; did then and there demand and require of the defendnnts to permit 
him, the said plaintiff, to give his voice for electing elders and deacons for the 
said church for the ensuing year, to be chosen pursuant to the said charter. 

"6th. That the said defendants did then and there, upon such demand and 
requests so made, refuse to take, receive or allow the voice of the plaintiff to be 
given, and did then and there prevent, obstruct, and hinder the plaintiff from giving 
his vote at the said election, for the electing, nominating, or appointing the elders 
and deacons of the said church for the year ensuing, or any of them. 



OF THE State of New York. 3987 

1765 

" 7th. That the said defendants did then and there elect, nominate, and appoint 
elders and deacons of the said church for the year ensuing, the plaintiff being 
present at the said church, without taking the plaintiff's vote in the said election, 
and without previously, or at any time that day, proposing or naming to the mem- 
bers or the plaintiff attending at the election, the persons nominated by the defend- 
ants for elders and deacons of the said church for the ensuing year. 

" 8th. That of the members in communion of the said church, and inhabitants 
within the said city, then and there attending at the said church, the majority 
attending to give voices as members for electing the elders and deacons of the said 
church for the ensuing year." (The reason of this was, that the members, on the 
side of the Consistory, did not then attend in a body as they did the following 
year, to approve of the election.) 

" 9th. That the Dutch churches in FFolland are governed by the rules established 
In the national Synod of Dort, held in 1618 and 1619. 

" 10th. That the said Synod of Dort, by the 22nd article of the said rules, did 
establish — prout : 

" 11th. That the said Synod of Dort did at the same time establish the national 
rule or confession of faith, the 31st article Whereof is — prout: 

" 12th. That the usage of the Dutch churches in Holland respecting elections of 
elders and deacons has long been for the elders and deacons, and every minister 
present at their election, to elect their officers by the majority of their voices, with- 
out the vote of other members ; and not to propose the persons to be elected elders 
and deacons to the members of the churches respectively before, nor at the time 
of the election, nor until the Sunday next following such election, when it is the 
usage to publish their names to the respective congregations, and on the two next 
succeeding Sundays — each Sunday calling on the people to object against their 
being admitted and confirmed. If they have cause ; and the usage also is, that if 
any good objection be made and supported, the elders and deacons so objected to, 
are not admitted to the office ; but the Consistory judge of the validity of the 
objections, and if they conceive them sufficient, proceed to a new election. 

" 13th. That if no objections be made by the members, by the third Sunday after 
the elections, the elders and deacons so chosen are confirmed in and admitted to 
their respective offices, and that they are not elders and deacons until such con- 
firmation and admission. 

" 14th. That the usage and practice with regard to the proposing, confirmation, 
and admission, objecting against and setting aside of elders and deacons respectively, 
in the said Dutch Church at New York, has hitherto been conformable to the usage 
and practice of the churches of Holland last mentioned, and that the elders and 
deacons of the said Church in New York, agreeable to the regulations of the 
churches of Holland last mentioned, are not admitted to their respective offices 
until such proposal, made for three successive Sundays after their election, and 
confirmation thereupon. 

" loth. That this province was conquered by the Dutch, and afterwards. In , 

was yielded by treaty to the crown of England. 

" John Bogert, Jr., and others, | 
Ads. Abel Hardenbrook. ( 

" And the jurors aforesaid, upon their oath aforesaid, do further say. that the 
province of New York is part of the country formerly called New Netherlands, and 
was, before the surrender of the same to the crown of England, subject to the 
States General of the United Province in Europe, and was settled by subjects to 
the States General. 

" 2nd. That antecedent to the said surrender, there were churches in the said 
province, and that all the churches in the same were supplied with ministers from 
the United Provinces of the national established Church there, sent out by and 
subject to the ecclesiastical government of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

" 3rd. That the churches of the national establishment of the said United 
Provinces In Europe, and especially those within the district of the said Classis, 
have always had a succession of ciders and deacons, chosen from time to time by 
the majority of the elders and deacons of the said churches respectively, and minis- 
ters present, without the voices of the other members of the same churches. 



.'J!>S8 EcCLESIAHTK'AIi KkCOUDS 

•■ tIUi. ThJit the Putoh churcbcR In tliln country, nntccotlrnt to tho said ■urreiidcr, 
wore (covernril In n manner conformnt)le to the prnctlce nnd unnKe of tho national 
PBtabllchod rhnrrhen of the !"nlte<l TrovlnceH In Kiirope, nnd the ofllecs and place* 
of the elders and dcnconn of the name have nlwnyii Xtccn, upon evi-rj vacancy und 
aroldance. Hnpplled liy the election, nomlnallon. nnd appolntm<>nl of the majority 
of the elder* nnd deacons In ollice, without the voices of the other niembors of the 
Mme. 

'• r>th. That the name Kovcrnment. usape, and prnctlce. wa« continued from the 
said surrrniler. In the Dutch Church of the city of New Vork. until the unine was 
lncorpornt»»d l>> the letters patent nbove-menfloned. 

■■ r»th. That for above sixty years post, after the Rrnni of the Raid letters patent 
of Incorpornilon, there hnd been a constant succosBlon of elders nnd deacons In 
the said church, so Incorporated. cho';en for the time being, without the voices of 
nny of the other members of the same, in the nomination and appointment of 
elders and deacons. 

" 7th. And the jurors aforesaid, upon their oath aforesaid, do further find the 
article of capitulation at the surrender of this province In the year 1G04 — prout : 

" 8th. And the Jurors aforesaid, upon their oath aforesaid, do further say. that, 
according to tho constitution nnd directions of the Reformed Churches In Holland, 
approved and Instituted by the National Synod of Uort, the elders and deacons of 
the said churches do, with the ministers present, annually nominate and appoint 
the next succeeding elders and deacons, without the consent, approbation, voice, 
or election of any of the other members of the said churches, then had In the s.ild 
nomination and appointment. 

" !ith. And tho Jurors aforesaid, upon their oath aforesaid, do further say. that 
the plaintiff In this action, since the date of the said charter, has been nomin.ited 
and appointed three several times to the respective offices of elder and deacon of 
the said Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of the city of New York, by the then 
present elders and deacons of the said church, without the consent, approbation, 
voice, or election of any of the other members of the said church, then had In the 
said nomination and appointment, which respective oflBces he did accept of, and act 
in the execution of ; and that he has, since the date of the said charter or letters 
patent, at three several times nominated and appointed, together with the elders 
and deacons of the said church, then in office with him, and without such consent, 
approbation, voice, or election, as aforesaid, of the other members of the said 
church, to succeed In said respective offices. 

" 10th. And the jurors aforesaid, upon their oath aforesaid, do further say, that 
It was the practice, usage, and custom of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Churches 
in the T'nitod Netherlands, before and at the time of the said articles of surrender, 
and of the Reformed I'rotestant Dutch Church in the said letters patent of incor- 
poration mentioned, ever since until the day of the exhibition of the plaintiff's bill, 
for the respective ministers for the time being of the said churches, on the three 
Sundays next succeeding every respective nomination and appointment of the elders 
and deacons of the said respective churches, to notify and declare such nomination 
and appointment to the several congregations in which the said elders and deacons 
were respectively nominated and appointed. In order to know whether any of the 
members of the said churches dissent from or disapprove of such nomination and 
appointment, and in default of such dissent and disapprobation to set apart, con- 
firm, and ordain such elders and deacons in and to their respective offices. 

" If the law is for the plaintiff, we find for the plaintiff, and five pounds ten 
shillings damages. 

'• If the law is for the defendants, we find for the defendants. 

"Filed 26th April, 176.5. 

" New York. April 30th. 176.5. 

" The preceding, wrote on eight pages in folio, is a true copy of the original 
special verdict given in the cause, Abel Hardenbrook against .Tohn Bogert, .Tr., and 
others. 

" Examined by . 

Signed, Go. Banyar, D. C. C. C." 



OF THE State of New York. 3989 

1765 

Acts OF the; Classis of Amsterdam. 

(IsA^vc Rysdyk.) 

1765, May 6tli. Art. 5. Kev. Isaac Rysdvk upon a written 
request from jSTew York, and in pursuance of a letter-of-call serv- 
ing for that purpose, has been called thither as a minister, by the 
Messrs. Deputies ad res Exteras. This Assembly approves of 
this call, and he (Rysdyk) did accept it in the fear of the Lord, and 
signed his name to this effect. Having also been lawfully dis- 
missed from his church at Egteld, and from the Rev. Classis of 
Thiel, he requests to be installed in the Sacred Office, as minister 
of Poughkeepsie, Fishkill, (New) Hackensack and Hopewell. 
His request was granted him, and this was done with the prayer 
for the divine blessing upon him. He signed the Formulae of 
Concord, promised to correspond with this body, and to conduct 
himself in subordination thereto. The copy of the call, and the 
subscription, as well as the recommendation from ISTew York, 
shall be recorded by the Messrs. Depp, ad res Exteras. xiv. 28. 

(Coetus OF K^Ew York. Boelen.) 

Art. 9. The De])utati ad res Exteras make known, 1. That 
they have conversed together more than once about a proper 
answer to the letter of the Coetus brethren in 'New York, and 
also with some of the oldest members of the Classis. They have 
found the matter, however, of so much importance and consider- 
ation, that they would rather postpone their pre-advice, and their 
letter of reply based thereon, until the next Classis. 2. Further- 
more the Deputies ad res Exteras report that they have extended 
the call of the four united churches (of Queens County) on Long 
Island (or) Nassau, to the Rev. Mr. Hennanus Lancelot Boelen, 
minister at Schoonebeek, (in Holland). He has also accepted this 
call, and will be installed in June or July. xiv. 32. 



.".'.•no EccLEaiASTir.M. Krrnnns 

1705 

CiirKCH OF Nkw Yohk. 
Repairs. — Coniiiuniifii TnKl*-. 

Npw York. Mnv Sth, 1765. 
Con»li»tory hclfl nflor rnllltiK on Ood'H nnmo. 

1. It vrnn rojircHontod to hp n«'roKH.nry thnt tlio towor Klioiild l)o pnlnu-il. niid alno 
the front of thf rlmrrli. Tliorcnpon It wnn unnnlmonKly ngrpcd thnt tlil'» hIiohIcI be 
dono, nnd tho work wnx roninilttod to thp Chnrrh M.'istcrs. 

2. Rosolvcd. Tli.nf tlip tnl.N- for the Lord's Soppor In the Now fhiirrh bo oiilnrged, 
■Inrp clminisfnncoH roqniro It. 

3. RpHolvod to pnint the Inside of the New Chnrrh; nlso the house In whirh Lake 
Romme lives, nnd to niter the ohlnineys of the s.nine: for, oti ne^oiinf of (ho drlvlne 
down of the enioke, the dwelling la mnde nncomfortnble. 

Slctied ftc.. 

J. RKzonin. p. t. President. 



Acts of the Cla.'^sis of Amstkhdam. 
AVit.lia:m Jak.son. 

1765, June 3rd. Art. 7 ad 0. A letter from Mr. Nicholas 
Michel, residing in this city, Fi,o:ned Amsterdam, June 1, 1765, to 
the Rev. Kalkoen, V. D. M., at Amsterdam, served to coramuni- 
cate the fact, that the writer, upon the request of this body made 
to him through Rev. Budde, had ^vTitten to Rev. Jakson, minister 
at Bergen and Staten Island, on June 1, 1764, about his bitter and 
extremely improper communication to this Classis. He had re- 
quested him hereafter to send no more letters [to this Classis]. 
The said Rev. Jakson, however, had been sick for a long time ; 
but on May 28, 1765, another letter had come from him, dated 
Bergen in New Jersey April 5, wherein he requests Mr. Michel], 
in his name, to beg the Rev. Classis humbly to pardon him on 
account of the bitter, passionate and improper epithets and expres- 
sions in his letters ; that to the use of these, he had been incited by 
others, to whom he had imprudently yielded ; but that afterwards 
he had heartily detested such conduct, and it had appeared very 
grievous to him. It was preferable that he should never write 
letters again to the Rev. Classis than to treat said Classis and its 
worthy members thus. Again did he entreat forgiveness of Clas- 
sis in his letter, and begged that his conduct might not be counted 
against him. The Assembly accepted these statements as informa- 
tion, xiv. 35. 



OP THE State op New York. 3991 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the So-Called Coetus, June 3, 
17G5. Vol. 31; P. 235. Xo. 155. Referred to, Vol. 24; 
106. 

With an lutroducton by the Conferentie, dated Oct. 11, 1765. They published 
400 English and 600 Dutch copies, of which only one English copy is now known 
to remain. This is in the Archives of General Synod: 

Introduction. 

Worthy Reader:— 

Behold here, the Letter of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, written to the so-called 
Coetus, as appears from [its Address] and its date. It is in answer to a letter of 
theirs, in which they showed their dissatisfaction in reference to the decision of the 
Synod of North Holland. The [Conferentie] Assembly deems it necessary to pub- 
lish this letter, in order that those, who make it their business to talk of these 
things, whether on the one side or the other, may understand the true state of 
affairs, and what opinion should be held of those who refuse to hold to that relation- 
ship to the Netherland Church which their ancestors have always maintained. 

We have nothing to add in regard to this letter, except to guard the reader 
against mistaking the meaning of the expression "The New York Church." By 
that expression is to be understood, not the congregation only of the City of New 
York, but all the Dutch churches in the Province of New York and New Jersey. 
Nor do we know what the Rev. Classis means when, near the end of their letter, 
they say, "that Rev. Freyenmoet also had acted in a similar way at Poughkeepsie 
in relation to Rev. Vos." We leave the transcribers to account for that. 

Signed in the name of the [Conferentie] Assembly of Ministers and Elders con- 
nected with the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Joan Ritzema, p. t. President 
Lambertus de Ronde, p. t. Scriba. 
New York, Oct. 11, 1765. 

[The Lettee of the Classis June 3, 1765.] 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren:— 

The letter of your Revs, came duly to hand. 

First: In reference to the principal matter contained in It, there is no necessity 
of making further reply. Because it contains nothing new, but only repetitions of 
old arguments, with which the Rev. Classis has been already long enough annoyed; 
and because the Classis, in its affectionate regard for the welfare of the Church of 
(the Province of) New York, has already made frequent responses to the points 
involved. For example:— 

In their correspondence with Rev. (Gualterus) Du Bois, and in special letters, 
dated Sept. 12, 1737: April 27, 1738; Aug. 20, 1739. Also subsequently in letters 
to the Coetus, dated April 5, 1755; Dec. 9, 1755; Jan. 15, 1761; and to the so-called 
Coetus, Jan 11, 1763. Besides, there are the resolutions of the Synod of North 
Holland of 1756, 1757, sent expressly to your Revs.; and a letter dated Oct. 3, 1763, 
with an enclosed extract of the Acts of the Synod of North Holland, 1763. By all 
of these, your Revs, ought to have been fully convinced of the groundlessness of 
your course of action, and of the propriety of ours. Nevertheless, to convince 
your Revs, that we desire to treat you with all love, we will yet this once write 
you. But if this again fails, your Revs, must not expect us to write again. 

The "ilntroduction " to your Revs, letter is not exactly in a fraternal spirit. 
When you become somewhat earnest in dealing with your own affairs in relation to 
the condition of the New York churches, you say:— "We do not feel disposed just 
now to reply to your letters, clearly perceiving, etc." We might Justly retort: 
"We do not feel disposed to have anything more to do with your Revs., clearly per- 
ceiving that your aim, although you do not want to acknowledge it, Is to become 
Independent." 



1765 



1761 



ICCCLKSIASTICAL RkCOKDS 



TiiK S()-(\\r.LE]) Amkkicax Classis and its Demands. 

Now ns to the lottor Hsclf. Yonr Ucvs. are building upon propositions which 
hnvo no foumlntlons. Tho first Is, that your Rovs. nro nlrcady constituted Into a 
Clnssls, nnd that we arc aotlns: Improperly In not aeknowloflglng that fact. But 
whence did your Uevs. derive that Cllasslcal power? T'pon what basis does It rest? 
Your Hevs. know that you have arrogated that position to yourselves, and that we 
have many a time shown you the Invalidity of It. And then, too, the demands 
which your Hevs. make upon the Classls. In respect to that position, we are unable 
to concede; for we have neither the ri^lit nor the power to form a subordinate 
Church (body of churches) Into a Classls. See our letter of Oct. 3, 1763. We 
cannot, therefore, rocopnlze what you have done, because your Revs, without any 
ripht. constituted yourselves into a Classls. 

The second point is, that your Revs, are confoimding the subordination of one 
churdi or Assembly to another, be such subordination greater or less, with an 
unlawful exercise of tyranny. But grades of subordination have always existed 
in every well-ordered Church; and tyranny is repudiated by us, even as It Is done 
by Hoornbeck in his Summa Controver.siarum ", page 666. It Is, therefore, 
unbrotherly in you to charge us with tyranny, as your Rev.s. certainly have done 
in several passages of your letter. 

But your Revs., Men and Bretliren, know well enough that we do not seek to 
lord it over you; yet you should recognize our authority as being in accordance 
with the covenant made by your ancestors with the Classls of Amsterdam, and 
which is still binding. For, although the Church of (the Province of) New York 
has widely extended itself, she must continue to possess the same general nature, 
and to stand in the same general relation to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam as 
formerly. The Rev. Classis neither can nor may change this relationship; but she 
takes this position: 

Will you attempt to stand alone? to become Independent, and call yourself a 
Classis? That is something which does not concern ourselves so much; no, not 
even if you should call yourself a Synod. Only then, we must^not be required to 
recognize you as such. We must not be asked, as your lievs. seem to suppose, to 
consider your Revs, as a Church standing in the ancient and well-ordered relation 
to us; but we must regard you as a body, which, intentionally, and for reasons 
best known to yourselves, has broken off such relationship, has separated from us, 
and which wo are compelled, therefore, to let go. 

The passages which you quoted arc either unhappily quoted, like those from 
Voetius ; or are wrongly adduced. like those from Hoornbeck in his "De Canone 
Dordraccna" ; in that they have for their basis, a "Constitution" which you have 
arrogated to yourselves, but do not really possess. And If these things are so, 
Men and Brethren, why do you wrong us, and strike blows at your brethren. Is It 
tyranny to labor to prevent your acquiring an irregular independence? For it is 
independence which you are evidently striving after. 



The Arguments of the Coetus. 

But several other things are mentioned in your letter to which we must give 
attention. 

You give certain reasons in support of your views. You say that you are not 
disposed to argue from history, but from inherent rights and the authority thus 
derived. But, Brethren, if we would proceed properly, we may not separate these 
two things; for in this business, "right" is founded on "history". For in the 
history lies the nature of the relationship between the Church of the Netherlands 
and the Church of New York. The latter is located in a country which formerly 
belonged to the Netherlands: and which became subordinated to the Church of the 
Netherlands, through the control over it of the Classls of Amsterdam ; and it can- 
not now be treated otherwise than according to the nature of that relationship. 
And that right remains inviolate, notwithstanding the fact that New York now 
belongs to the Kingdom of England. This appears from the Third Article of the 
Treaty of Peace of 1667, already cited in our letter of Oct. 3, 1763. 



OF THE State of New York. 3993 

1765 

Your Revs, also decline to be subordinate to the Classls of Amsterdam, because, 
as you say, that those who are subordinate must have a right to a seat in the 
sessions of Glassis; but you thus admit that you have never, hitherto, been mem- 
bers. Now the Classis acknowledges that your Revs, were never such members, 
(of Classis, entitled to a seat in Classis); and she also asserts that you can never 
become such members. See the letter of Oct. 3, 1763. But it does not follow 
that you are not subordinated to Classis. 

This we support with but a single argument which rests upon your own prin- 
ciples. Your Revs, compare yourselves with other colonies of this Realm. Well, 
those other colonies of this Realm are in subordination to the Rev. Classis, but 
none of their ministers are full members, entitled to seats in Classis; and your 
Revs, would consider It a folly, if we admitted a minister who came from Batavia 
or elsewhere to full membership, with a seat in Classis. 

Furthermore, your Revs, point out the necessity for more Dutch ministers among 
you, if your Church is not to lose ground. You assert that there are, indeed, young 
men, but that no one wants to take the risk of sending them across (the ocean for 
ordination). Need we speak of the fact that the desire, as thus expressed, for 
more ministers, seems to be limited to the party desiring Independence? This, 
however unpleasant to hear, is the one thing in your mind— Independence! 

We would also remark, that if you will not risk sending over those young men, 
(for ordination), we cannot and will not recognize the ministers who have been 
appointed, examined and ordained by your Revs, as ministers standing in a lawful 
connection with the Church of the Netherlands, and so with the Classis of Amster- 
dam: yet such is the relation, according to the Treaty of Peace, and the Constitu- 
tion of our Church, and in which, they ought to stand. 

Your Revs, further state that the Presbyterians are on the increase, because, 
from their first settlement, opportunity was given them, through the assistance of 
Scotland, to advance their young men to the ministry; and your Revs, take occasion 
therefrom to reproach us for neglect in this matter. But, Brethren, in your own 
case, you wanted to separate the history from the inherent rights; yet now, to help 
on your own case, you appeal to the history of the Presbyterians, as the basis of 
their right. But you must perceive that this is inconsistent. But be that as it 
may! In reference to the planting of your Church, and your transfer to the English 
Covernment, you do not thereby acquire a similar right. Hence, the illustration 
from the Presbyterians does not help your case. 

Furthermore, did the Presbyterians accomplish their work by the assistance of 
Scotland? Well, your Fathers accomplished their work by the assistance of the 
Classis of Amsterdam— by virtue of the relation in which they stood to that body. 
Then, also, they enjoyed prosperity; but now, that you are withdrawing from that 
original source of aid, you are rent with divers discords. 



Academies. 

You also state that the Independents, the Episcopalians and the Presbyterians 
already have Seminaries, (Kweekscholen), to which the Dutch are obliged to send 
their children ; and that these are thus exposed to strange opinions. But this must 
not be made a reason to keep them there, but it is a reason to send them over to 
Holland ; for, if they remain, that only serves to confirm them in those principles 
already imbibed ; but if they are sent to Holland, the nature of the Constitution of 
the New York Church can be impressed upon them for the correction of their earlier 
received ideas. 

You also aver that the use of the Dutch language grows less, while the use of the 
English increases. Hence you conclude that there cannot be sent as many English- 
speaking ministers as are needed ; and In conclusion, your Revs, ask — Must the 
Church, then, disappear with the language? But, Brethren, what has the change In 
language to do with subordination or non-subordination to the Rev. Classis. Does 
the truth depend on the language? The Church can be preserved, although the 
language changes. Those who speak English can pursue their studies In our Uni- 
versities, as well as Hungarians, Poles, etc. These may then be examined through 
the Latin tongue, and ordained, even as Rev. Laldlie was ordained here and sent 
to you. 

109 



;:!»!il Kccr.EsiASTHAi. Kr.cdUDs 

FInnir.v in llif wny of n llir<<nl. it Is sniti thnt tlipro will hnve to come a 
sopnrniion from the N'ptJiorlnr.d Clmrrh, with the ccRKntlon of llio correspondence. 
\ipon tho fnri, ns wns nlso sintod in llic boKlnninp. thnt there Ih little to be feared 
by ns from the loss of ClnRslml or Synodlcnl contributions, (love Klfts. liefdogavcn). 
Will you. then, secede ntid stand by yourselves? We have never constrnlned you to 
remain. All that we have ever derived from the New York Church has been trouble. 
Its disrords and oppositions have grieved us much, and If no Improvement Is pos- 
Blble. we would be very willing to be relieved of the care. 

Rut you show, r.rethren. where the shoe pinches. You do not want to be subordi- 
nate to the Classis, because you receive no contributions from her. But how does 
this consist with nobility of character. (edelmoedlR). to withdraw from a legal 
subordination to a Classis because, (as you put It), It Involves no loss of love- 
gifts? We leave this. Brethren, to your own consciences. Yet your Revs, also know 
well-enough how Rev. (Theodore) Frelinphuysen collected, or at least attempted to 
collect, contributions in Holland. [In K.'OfiO. for his proposed Academy]. 

Till-: (Jnii- < ).\ 111. 

The mention of two other matters completed your letter. One Is the subject of 
the oath, (of allegiance to Great Britain), and certain legal advice on that subject. 
We have received the several documents sent on that subject, and have read them, 
and we thank your Revs, for sending them. 

Xow in reference to that oath : You yourselves admit that that oath, like many 
other laws, was originally directed against unlawful seizures by the Romish Power, 
and. therefore, can have no reference to us. except by an unjust application. If 
such was the occasion of its original institution, then it must be of ancient date, 
Indeed. It must belong to a time when the violence of the Romish Power gave 
occasion for its institution. Hence it cannot be now considered as a new means of 
drawing the churches of New York away from their subordination to the Church 
of the Netherlands, and thus from the Classis of Amsterdam. Neither can the 
Classis conceive that those who take that oath, and yet remain subordinate to the 
Classis, are as seriously guilty of any impropriety as is insinuated. For there have 
always been brethren, and there are still such, who, while reluctantly remaining 
subordinate to the Classis, nevertheless have lived, and do still live undisturbed In 
that country. 

Now one of two things must be true: The oath had either existed before, or it 
had not. If not. then it must be of recent origin. But that is at variance with its 
well-known original institution. But did it exist before? Yet it has never hindered 
an undisturbed residence in that country. 

Again : The oath has either been taken or it has not been taken. If it has not 
been generally taken heretofore, then the taking of it is largely a voluntary affair. 
If it has been taken, then those who took it were not hindered thereby from being 
subordinate to the Rev. Classis. 

Finally, the Rev. Classis cannot conceive how, even according to the peculiar 
features of the English form of Government, that oath can have had involved in it 
the objects which your Revs, seem to imagine. 

Toleration in En(;lani> to all I'i^otestants. 

While the Episcopal Church is the State Church in England, yet England tolerates 
other forms of worship, and permits the holder of each particular form to do, In 
their own way, what their respective (Church) Constitutions reciuire. This is the 
case with the Presbyterians, who. according to your Revs, own statement, carry on 
their religion in accordance with their views since their first settlement. Well, 
then, why should the New York Church, which, according to its Constitution, is 
bound to the Netherlands, and thus to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, be hindered 
from acting according to her Constitution? 

TiiK IvT-:(;al Advick. 

With respect to that legal advice received from certain lawyers : 
It would have been very agreeable to the Rev. Classis, if through the eounseiings 
with those wise men, some additional light had been actually received. And 



OF THE State of Ne-w York. 3905 

although we admire the clever reasonings of those men, to justify their own views 
of affairs, and are astonished at some of their curious distinctions, we must, to our 
sorrow, say, that we have not been at all enlightened thereby. Their observations 
embrace an elaboration of the meaning of that oath. On this we have already 
expressed our opinion. They do not furnish the slightest grounds why we should 
assent to your request. For you only transmitted their legal opinions to us, in 
order, if possible, to induce us to give you a Classical Constitution, and recognize 
you as a Classis. They also ignored the fundamental principles, which involve an 
obligation between the Church of New York and the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and 
which we have already proved was the very basis of our right. 

The Proposed Union — and — Subordination". 

Finally, your Revs, proposed a certain kind of subordination. But before you 
proceeded to do this, you speak as though our conduct in demanding the subordina- 
tion, was in conflict with the Synodical action of 1763. That declares that the 
Coetus cannot be admitted as a member of a Netherland Classis or Synod. But, 
Brethren, it has been demonstrated heretofore, and that fact must be kept in view, 
that there is a difference between a constituent member, having a right to a seat, and 
an ecclesiastical body having certain relations to another body, but subordinate to it. 
[ — het onderscheid tuschen een integrerend en sesse hebbend lid te zyn, en een gecon- 
stiteerde Kerk, die op een ander lichaam zyn betrekking heeft, en daar aan onder- 

geschikt is — Or : that there is a difference between the integral 

member, having a title to a seat, and a church so constituted that it is related to 
another Body, and is subordinate to it] Now it was in reference only to the flrst 
alone that the Synod declared the impossibility. 

In regard to the proposals in your Articles : — We find in them many things, but 
nothing which was not known before, and which had not already been disposed of. 
But that which should have been contained therein was not found. It had been 
carefully avoided. And as to what they did contain, we have already declared that 
we have neither the right nor the power to constitute your Revs. Into a Classis ; nor 
to recognize you as such, nor to treat with you as such. If your Revs, choose to act 
in that character, that is to be put to your own account, and we are free of all 
responsibility therefor. 

But your Revs, also propose a certain kind of subordination : namely, that when 
there might exist some differences of opinion, which could not be settled satisfac- 
torily, the Classis or Synod should then be asked to decide; and the matter should 
be submitted, so far as the Constitution of the Kingdom of England allowed. But, 
Brethren, we doubt not but that your Revs, will act as your oath requires, in all 
your conduct. Considering, however, the position you have already taken, namely, 
that the oath forbids any subordination whatever, yea, even forbids (official?) cor- 
respondence with any one outside of the Realm (of England) ; how is it possible that 
your Revs, now lay before us any plan of subordination, to which you would subject 
yourselves, seeing that we dwell outside the Realm (of England)? 

But to come to the close of your Revs, letter : — At the very outset, the Classis 
must express its surprise at more than one thing. Your Revs, would withdraw your- 
selves from subordination to the Classis, because you are bound by an oath (to 
another Power) : yet you desire to be constituted into a Classis by yourselves, like 
all the other Classes in North Holland, and to be subordinated to that Synod. But, 
Brethren do you indeed remember that North Holland lies outside of your Realm 
(of England)? If you are forbidden subordination to any (ecclesiastical) Body out- 
side your own Realm, you are desiring that which involves a contradiction. From 
your own statements, your desire can never be gratified without making yourselves 
culpable. The Rev. Classis is surprised that yon cherish any such desire. 

We are surprised again fo notice at the beginning of your letter the statement 
that, since you are a free people, it is a matter of your own choice whether to cor- 
respond with us or not. Yet at the close, you say, the oath forbids this. But. 
Brethren, we wonder at this. For we understand (from what you say) that the 
oath lays those who take it under a bond, and does not leave them any liberty In 
reference to that thing to which they swear. 

And still again we are surprised. As to your relations to us, your Revs, desire to 
be a free people In your Church ndvornmoni : and yet you urge us so strongly to 



1765 



3»'.«G KrcLKsiASTicAi. Ui:«-oiM>s 

176& 

clvp our consont to yonr llUorl.v, niid lo rocojrnl/o It In .vo<i. Now wo rnnnot account 
for this, except on the preHunipllon, thut your Ucvs. arc of one mind with us. Jiarncly, 
that you nre nctunlly l>oun*J to us, nn<l consider It Improper (o withdraw from us. 
Therefore you want us to cive you liherly to do ho. Well, Hrotlircn, If then your 
view of your relation to lis can be maintained, what more have you to do witli us? 

Or, do you ur»:e our consent, In order to ^nln a proper Rtondlng with those 
churche.s which yet rem.Tin sul)ordlnnte to »i8? For we have the evidence of the 
subordination of certain churches, as w^ell ns of the fact that some have withdrawn, 
and that others nre divided throuKh the Introduction of certain ones who have set 
themselves up ajralnst the Classls. 

Your Revs, further declare that you hope tliat the Classls will avail themselves 
of this opportunity, as this Is the last time your Uevs. will moke such an applica- 
tion. Now. from the contents of this, our letter, you will understand that the 
Classls can never conic to your way of thlnklnc on this business. We reply, there- 
fore, that Inasmuch as your Revs, show your determination to withdraw yourselves 
from us, we can only regard you hereafter as a company of niluislers wlio have 
seceded. This makes It Impossible any longer to regard your Uevs. ns brethren with 
whom we can live In friendly (official) Correspondence, as the nature of our former 
relationship required. 

Finally, you declare that when all your Revs.' proposed Articles have been agreed 
to, that then all the wrongs which have been done on either side must be forgiven 
and forgotten. The Classls replies to this : Does this statement of yours mean that 
your Revs, have wronged the Classls? Then we gladly forgive your Revs. — On our 
part, we are sure we have never done your Revs., or any of your churches any 
wrong. If we, when exercising our lawful rights, in our fulness of zeal, have 
occasionally used severe expressions, remember that they proceeded from our zeal to 
preserve you and your churches from destruction. Therefore, please look upon any 
severe words which we may have uttered, with a brother's eye. Remember, also, that 
your own sharp expressions have at times given us occasion for words of severity. 

Secondly: Thus have we replied to the substance of your letter. Your Revs, add 
at the close an account of certain things done by Rev. Fryenmoet in the congrega- 
tion of Fisbklll ; that he declared the Rev. Consistory there to be illegal ; that he 
made a new Consistory, and rejected the candidate (Henrlcus) Schoonmaker, and 
was guilty of other deeds of violence, which are referred to in the Postscript ; that 
Rev. Fryenmoet had acted in a similar way at Poughkeepsie, in relation to Rev. 
Vos. [No such name appears.] 

The Rev. Classis declares that she takes no pleasure in any deeds of violence, and 
can only think of them with abhorrence. When the necessary reports are received, 
she will do her duty in opposition thereto. She is, however, obliged to add, that she 
has the idea that ministers were forced by the so-called Coetus on these churches, 
against their will. Those churches desired to have only such ministers as were 
subordinate to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam ; and that, although those acts of 
violence were perpetrated by those people, yet they must be chiefly charged to those 
who gave occasion for them. 

May God preserve all those who would force the opinions of others from the sin 
of " a violation of one's conscience " (gewctcnsdwang, constraint of conscience) ! 

May God preserve the churches from ever exhibiting any spirit of sedition ! 

Then neither of these classes of people will be exposed to the punishment of being 
cut off from correspondence with the Church of the Netherlands. 

Finally, Brethren, we commend you to God and to the Word of Ills Grace, which 
Is able to build you up. If you continue in your former opinions, we can henceforth 
have no more dealings with your Revs. We are. Very Rev. Sirs and Brethren, 
Y'our Revs. Obedient Servants and Brethren, 

Johannes Kalkoen, V. D. M. Amst. et CI. 

I)L'p\Ut. ad Res Exteras, h. t. President. 
Wilhelmus Van den Broek, V. D. M. Amst. 01. 
Deputt. et h. c. Scribe. 
Amsterdam, in our Classical As.sembly, 
June 3rd. 1765. 

[But see later action of Classis and Synod In 1768, when both backed eotlre'j 
down from these positions.] 



OF THE State of New Youk. 3997 



1765 



Rev. Samuel Seabuky to the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel. Episcopacy in Queens County. Influence of 
the Quakers. 

Jamaica, June 28th, 1765. 
Reverend Sir : 

The enclosed petition from the Church Wardens & Vestrymen of the Parish of 
Hempstead, I have been desired by them to forward to the Honored Society — They 
have called & presented to that Parish the Rev. Mr. Cutting the Society's present 
Missionary at Brunswick, New Jersey ; and as the Church people at Hempstead, are 
very much pleased with Mr. Cutting & very desirous of having him for their minis- 
ter, and as I think (from an acquaintance of twelve years) that he Is well qualified 
to supply that Parish, and that he will do real service therein to the cause of virtue 
& Religion in general and to the Interest of the Church in particular. I hope the 
Society will not think me too presuming when I say that I think his Removal 
thither will be attended with happy consequences. 

Tho' the Congregation there is large yet a great part of it is composed of those 
who have had no religious impressions made on them by their Parents in their younger 
years. They come to church rather from habit than a sense of duty & love of 
Religion. Their continuance to come to Church will therefore depend in a great 
measure upon the good opinion they have of their minister and the principal oppor- 
tunity he will have of doing them good will he by cultivating their good opinion & 
gaining an Influence upon the rising generation. For these reasons the more con- 
siderate & religious people among them, have been very anxious to get a Minister 
among them, that the Congregation were pleased with and for these reasons they are 
now solicitous to obtain Mr. Cuttings removal among them. 

It is evident to the most superficial observer that where there have been the 
greatest number of Quakers among the first settlers in this Country, there Infidelity 
& a disregard to all religion have taken the deepest root and if they have not 
entirely corrupted the religious principles of the other inhabitants they have at 
least very much weakened them and made them look upon Religion with indifference. 
This seems to me the reason why it is so hard to bring the people of that parish 
or this to comply with the Sacraments of the Christian Church, or to think them- 
selves under any obligations of duty to attend the public Worship of God. This 
also seems to be the reason why the people of Hempstead tho' able to do consider- 
ably towards the support of their minister are so very backward. They have 
learned from the Quakers to consider it as a mark of an avaricious & venal spirit for 
a minister to receive anything of his people by way of support & while they continue 
in these .sentiments (& it will be hard to bring them to a better way of thinking 
because their temporal interest is against it) I fear little can be done with them in 
that particular. 

Yours etc., etc. 

Samuel Seabury. 
—Doc. Hist. X. Y. Vol. ill. pp. 199. 200. 

Ac'i's OF THE Classis OF Amstkrda:m. 
Rev. Herman Lancelot Boelen. 
1765, July 22n(l. Art. 1, ad Art. 0, of May P., 1765. The 
Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras, presented the call of the four 
churches on the Long Island of Xassau, i ^ the Rev. Mr. Herman 
Lancelot Boelen, minister at Schooneheck, (Province of Drenthe), 
under the Classis of Emmen, and the same was accepted by said 
Boelen and approved by this Classis. He exhibited a ^a^^'ful dis- 



oU!>8 KOI.KSIASIIC.M- 1{k<(»UI»S 

1765 

mission from lii>^ rhiirdi ;ni<l Clnssis. niul rcqncstcil lo l.f instnllod 
into his sacred office by this vVssciiiMy. Tlii-; Wiis (Iniic after ho 
had si^rned the Forinuhi>' of Cunmrd, iiiid n'i.ii<li:ilri] tlio con- 
demned opinion^: of Prof. Kocl and Dr. TJekker, and promised to 
condnef liimself as siil)ordinate to tliis Classis, Tliis was also in- 
serted in tlie call nomine Clas^is, hy the Clerk. Ilcrcaft^'r. also, 
shall a clause always be inserted, in every call approvetl by this 
Cla.ssis, of " Subordination '' Tto this Classis by the party receiving 
said call.) xiv. 3G. 

Art. 11 ad Art. 1. Ttcv. Antouins Kuyper, S. S. Tlieol. Stud. 
at Leyden, preached a sermon on 1 John 3: 1. lie was then ad- 
mitted to the preparatory' examination ; in the Hebrew language, 
on Exodus 15, and in the Greek, on 1 John 3. lie was also 
examined on the principal points of Sacred Theology, and in 
every respect showed his ability to such a degree that all tlie 
members expressed their satisfaction. He was therefore ad- 
mitted to the ofiice of public preaching, after he had taken the oath 
against Simony, repudiated the condemned opinions of Prof. Hoel 
and Dr. Bekker, signed the Formulae of Concord, and promised 
to read, word for word, the Formula of Baptism and the Supper ; 
particularly the three questions in the Form for Baptism. The 
clerk was directed to give him a laudable certificate. Quod 
factum, xiv. 37. 

Acts of tiik Clas.sis of AMSTKUl)A^r. 
Okaxge Xassai:. 
Sjnodalia. 1705. Art. 7. The Classis wishing that the most 
precious blessings of the AU-Sufficient God may rest for length of 
days upon His Illustrious Highness, the Lord Prince, Xether- 
land's Hereditary Stadholder, and the House of Orange, — con- 
tinues to recommend to the JMessrs. Deputies wlintever is ap{)ro- 
I)riate under this article, xiv. 44. 

Syxodalia, 
1765. Art. 47. !Xcw York and Xew Jersey. The Classis at 
present has nothing further to report to llu^ Synod about Xew York 
and ISTew Jersey, xiv. 50. 



OF THE State of New York. 3999 

1765 

CiiUKCH OF jNTew Yoek. 

Translation of Hellenbroek Catechism. Collection for Indian Missions. Latin and 
English Grammar School. 

New York, July 29, 1763. 

1. A letter was presented from Mr. Daniel Crommelin, enclosing one from the 
Rev. Mr. Longueville, and also one from domine Blinshall, all of Holland, returning 
thanks for the presents sent them. These are to be answered in due time. 

2. A translation into English of domine A. Hellenbrock's Catechism, by Petrus 
Lowe, was presented, with a request that it be examined and approved. This was 
granted, and the same gentlemen who were appointed to examine the (Heidelberg) 
Catechism were requested to take upon them the examination of this one. 

3. A letter of Mr. Wheelock, to our colleague De Ronde, containing cordial thanks 
to the consistory for a collection sent to him for the support of Indian missionaries. 

4. A proposal was made by Mr. Jakobus Van Zant to establish a Latin and 
English Grammar School under the direction of our consistory, in which together 
with the languages, the elements of our religion should be taught. On the question 
being put, this was agreed to by a majority. It was also further agreed that for 
the building or hiring of such a school house a voluntary collection should be made 
through our congregation. It was reserved for further consideration what site 
would be most suitable for it, whether on the Harpending grounds, or those which 
lie along the Old Church (in Garden street, now Exchange Place.) 

Signed etc., 

Archibald Laidlie, p. t. President. 

llOND TO THE GERl\[AiSr REFORMED ChURCH!, N'eW YoRK. JuLT 

30, 1765. (See March S, 1765.) 
know all men : 

That we, Johannes Roreback of the city of New York, Baker, William Corcelius 
of the same city, Pot. Baker, Henry Whiteman of the same city. Button Maker, 
and Johannes Zurcher of the same city, Stone Cutter, are held and firmly bound 
unto the Rev. John Michael Kern, Minister of the gospel, and present Pastor of 
the Calvinistic Church in the city of New York, worshipping in German tongue ; 
Johannes Myer and Henry Hillman, two of the elders of the said church, and 
Henry Croe, Henry Will, Johannes Remmy, and Michael Housewith, the present 
deacons of the said church, in the sum of three thousand pounds, lawful money 
of New York, to be paid to the said obligees, their certain attorney, executors, 
administrators, or assigns. For payment whereof, we bind ourselves, and each 
of u.s, our, and each of our heirs, executors, and administrators, firmly by these 
presents, sealed with our seals, and dated the thirtieth day of July, in the year 
of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and sixty-five. 

The condition of the above obligation, is such, that — Whereas, certain German 
and Swiss inhabitants of the city of New York, have lately by contribution, pur- 
chased a lot of ground, and with the assistance of divers charitable and well dis- 
posed persons, have begun, and are carrying on the erection of a church thereon, 
for the worship of God ; and the fee simple of the ground so purchased, is now 
by consent of all concerned, vested in the above obligors in joint tenantcy, by virtue 
or' certain deeds of lease and release executed by Michael Hoffman of the city of 
New York, Cordwainer, John Will of the same city, Pewterer, John Sebastian 
Ktephany, of the same city. Apothecary, John Wetsel of the same city, Baker, and 
John Houts of the same city. Tanner. 

The lease bearing date the thirty-first day of May last past, and the release the 
day next after, and the estate thereby granted, being therein described to be all 
those two certain messuages or tenements and lots of ground, situate, lying, aud 
l>eing in the city of New York, in the north ward of the said city, frnntiug to 
Nassau street, and known and distinguished (by a certain chart or draft thereof 
made among other lots by Francis Maerschalk, one of the sworn surveyors of the 
said cit^ of New York ;) by lots number five and six ; which said lot number five 



1765 



KHHi Kcci.KsiAHTicAi. Ukcouhs 

Ib lx)unded Northwesterly In front fo NnsBaii Btrcct nforcsaUl; Norlhwcstorly, pnrtl.v 
by Kniiind of Wllllnm Piipfldorpli. nnd partly by i^round of Wllllara Rlchardgon ; 
Sotithcnutorly liy Rround of Wllllinn IlluiK k. and Southwostorly partly by the said 
lot of irrouDd number six, hereby Rrantcd and wild, and partly by ground formerly 
belonRing to John HarplnclnR ; containing In breadth lu front to Nasfaii street 
aforesaid, fourteen feet, eight Iik IieH : In the rear. In breadth twenty-seven foct, 
■Ix Inches: In lenRtb on the Northeasterly side, ninety eight ; and In length on the 
South-westerly side, one hundred feet, nil Kngllsh measures; and which said lot 
number six. Is bounded In front. North-westerly to Nassau street aforesaid ; S^mth 
westerly by the house and ground purchased by Solh Smith, (Inrludlng one full 
moiety of half part of the partition wall between the house of the said Seth Smith, 
and the house hereby granted, and all the wall which adjoins to the yard of the 
said Seth Smith;) North-easterly by the aforesaid lot of ground, number five; and 
South eastf-rly by part of the old brew house, late of Rip Van Dam of the said city 
of New York, Esq., deceased ; containing In breadth In front, to Nassau street 
aforesaid, thirty-eight feet, two Inches In length, on the South-west side thereof, 
eighty one feet nine Inches, (which said South-wtstorly side line begins at Nahsau- 
street aforesaid, and runs thence South-easterly or tbei-cahouts, tliro\igli ibc middle 
of the partition wall of the said house of the said Seth Smith, and the hous« bereby 
granted, twenty feet, six Inches; then about North-easterly, (including the whole 
wall.) seven feet, and then about a South-easterly course, (Including all the wall 
as It runs) flfty-four feet, three Inches, which completes said line; and In U^ngth 
by the lot of ground number five, alwve mentioned, seventy five feet ; and in the 
rear In breadth, Including part of and adjoining to the other part of the said Rrew 
House, twenty four feet, all English measure. And whereas, all parties are Inclined 
to preserve the eald estate in all times, coming for the pious uses aforesaid. Now 
therefore, know ye that If the said Obligors, their heirs or assigns, who are only 
intended to be trustees for said property. Be It remembered, that on the twenty- 
third day of November, in the year of our liOrd, one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy-three, personally appeared before me Daniel Ilorsmanden, Esq., Chief .Justice 
for the province of New York; the within named obligors to the within Instrument, 
whose names are subscribed, and seals affixed to, and severally acknowledge that 
they executed the within instrument as their voluntary act and deed, to and for the 
uses and purposes therein mentioned, and 1 having inspected the same, and finding 
therein no material erasures or Interllnatlons other than such as are noticed, to 
allow the same to be recorded. 

Dan ITorsmandtn. 

Hew York Secretary's Office, 2nd Dec. IITA. 

The within t>ond and Indorsement are recorded In this office In Lib. deeds com- 
mencing 22nd August, 1771. Page 368, for and In the records thereof, page 300. 

Acts of thk Synod or Xortii Holland, J ily 30-Aug. 8, 17fi5. 
Vol. 65. 

Article 37. — Classical Changes. 

Dismissed as ministers : 

To New York, Rev. Isaac Rysdyk, once minister at Echtelt ; Installed to the 
ministry of the combined churches of Poughkeepsle, Fishklll, etc.. May 6. 1765. 

Rev. Herman Lancelot Boeleun, once minister at Schonerbeek ; Installed to the 
ministry of the four churches on Long Island, Nassau, July 22, 176-5. 

Article 47. — New York and New Jeksey'. 

Their Hon. Mightinesses had no remarks to make on this matter. 
The Corresponding Delegates had nothing about it in their Acts. 
The Rev. Classes thank the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam for the needed light given 
them last year. They leave this matter further In charge of the Deputies. 



OF THE State of New York. 4001 

1765 

Church of jSTew York. 
Latin School House. Vaults. 

New York, August 1st, 1765. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. The heading of a subscription to build or hire a suitable school house for the 
Latin school, etc., mentioned in the preceedlng minutes was presented, but for 
important reasone, the going around with it was delayed until the beginning of 
September. 

2. It was resolved to have the Act of Assembly and Confirmation registered. 
The matter was entrusted to Mr. Abraham Lott. 

3. The street before the Tower of the New Church shall be put In order. 

4. The plan for vaults in the yard of the New Church was approved, and referred 
to the Church Masters to number the same. 

5. The form of a deed for each vault-lot sold was presented, and approved, and 
ordered with some improvement of the wording to be printed. 

Signed etc.. 

Arch. Laidlie p. t. President. 

COERESPOXDEXCE IX AmERICA. 

Rev. Lambertus De Ronde to his own Consistory — that of ISTew 
Y^ork, Aug. 20, 1765. (See also Sep. 9, 1765.) 

New York, Aug. 20, 1765. 

Messrs. Philip Livingston and John Brevoort, elders, have been to my house and 
told me, in the name of the Rev. Consistory (of New York), that our two ministers, 
Ritema and Ladelle, (Laidlie), as well as the other members of the Consistory, are 
of the opinion that I had no right to go and preach in other Churches, such as the 
Presbyterian, or others, that are not connected with our own (Dutch) Church (or 
Denomination) ; and that neither had I the right to preach in any of the private 
houses in this city. To this, I made answer, that I was of a different opinion, and 
believed that I had the right and authority to do as I had done; and this I could 
establish with proper proof. Mr. Livingston said, however, that he did not wish 
to debate the subject with me, but since I was of an opposite opinion, I might try 
to convince the Consistory. I accepted of his offer, and I now propose to enter 
on this business. 

Concerning the first point, that It is the opinion of the Consistory that I have no 
right to go and preach In other Churches (Denominations) such as the Presbyterian, 
and others, not connected with our own Church, I remark : 

If the Rev. Consistory means by this, that I have no right to go and preach for 
others, to the neglect of my duties to my own church, to which I am called — we 
agree on that point. But if the Consistory means that I, without neglecting my 
duties to my own church, when on a journey, or when happening to be present in 
some other locality, outside this city, when asked to preach the Gospel by any 
community have no right to do so, then we differ decidedly in opinion, and I assert 
that I have such a right. 

First : Because it Is not in conflict with our Church Order. I find no rules 
against my doing so. They might, indeed, refer to the words of Article 15, of 
our Church Order which read as follows : " It shall not be Justifiable to any minis- 
ter to neglect the services of his own church, or, not being in regular service him- 
self, to go about and preach here and there, without the consent and authorization 
of the Synod or Classis. Likewise, no minister may preach In another church, or 
administer the sacraments therein, without the consent of Its Consistory :" — But 
who does not at once see that this Article is intended for such ministers, as neglect 
their own services, which they were called especially to render ; or not being settled 
over any particular church, and having no fixed locality for service, gad about 



'65 



•|(l(lj EcCLESrASTICAI. KkcoUI'S 

hTo nnd thoro, pronchlnc In mnny rlnirrhoH In (llfforpnf lornlltlrs. Now thon may 
not do tbiB without the pcrmlMlon of the (rnrflrulnri Synod or cinRBls (to which 
thofio rhurclics Ix-IonRt. Those Iwdici nuist flrxt be ronvlnced of the ability ami 
charartrr of mirh portonR ; for they are to jrnnrd the (vnrnnt) rhurched, thnt Ih^-y 
be not led astray. 

Secondly : But a pronrhf-r, who rlalma the right to prench In otlior rhnrrhen. 
without the connent of the Conplstory of thnt pince, In nn Intruder In Biioh n church, 
and his conduct would not be nt nil Juflllflable. Therefore, we hnvo nnver preached 
anywhere without the consent of the Conslatory of the pnrllculnr churrli. And thnt 
this Article ITi. n-f'-rs to the conduct of Ruch Intrndprs. 1«< evident from the very 
nature of the cnne. For although tnp Consistory inlcht give their consent for me 
to RO and preach In some other church, the Consistory of thnt chureh need not. 
therefore, permit me to preach there; nnd thtm they would make the cnnpent of 
my own Consistory null and void. 

Further: When hns It ever happened thnt nny minister In IloUnnd. In nny of 
Its Trovlnces. hns been obllped firpt to ask permission of his Consistory, when on 
a J(iurney, or being temporarily In nny locality, nwny from his own fleld, whether 
he might lie allowed to preach or not? Or. will It be objected: the nlluslon In that 
Article 1.' Is only to Dutch churches? Well. It Is the Hutch (^"hurcb Order to 
which our ministers are subject. But this Chtirch Order does not make any men- 
tion of other Churches, differing In language and in economy, with a prohibition 
of preaching In them on invitation : and consequently, where there is no !n^r. for 
or against a thing, there can be no transgression. Rom. 4 : 1.''). 

Besides, who would dare to think that a Synod, composed of Christian minlsrers. 
would demand anything In such evident opposition to the very Word of Ood • F"or 
It is the duty of every Christian minister, after the example of the (first) Apostles 
and heralds of the Cross of Christ, " to sow beside all waters". Is. 32: 20: and 
"to preach the Gospel to every creature", Mark 10: 15: indeed, never to neglect 
any opportunity of place or time : but wherever there is an open door, to preach 
the Gospel. Even as a certain famous Dutch divine once said : " Seek out oppor- 
tunities to do service for your Great Master; scatter the seed of the fiospel by any 
means; cast the net to catch the souls of men." He continues: "The pulpit, and 
the interior of the church, are not the only places for sowing seed ; but the whole 
world Is the fleld." 

And why, we might ask. does the Lord give the knowledge of his Word, and 
talents and gifts to certain ones? Is it not thdt they, according to their ability, 
may benefit others? 1 Pet. 4: 10. And are they not to do this, everywhere, ac- 
cording to time and opportunity, in order to spread the Gospel, and thus extend 
the Kingdom of Christ. Can any Chrietian be opposed to my acting thus? Bven 
the heathen Seneca says : " If Wisdom should come in to me. and of her own 
accord should offer to dwell with me. provided 1 would hide her, and not communi- 
cate her to anyone else. I would not desire her to come ; for no possession Is 
pleasant without the power of communicating it." And here I dare to say right 
out, that he is not worthy of the knowledge of God's Word who does not use it 
for the benefit of others. " The lips of the righteous feed many ". Prov. 10 :21. 
And ministers are expressly appointed to teach men, yea, all men, as just such a 
sentiment occurs thrice in one verse, Col. 1:2.(?) 

Moreover, what evil is there. Men and Brethren, in doing this? Is it harmful 
to any one? Does it do any damage to the country or to the Church? On the 
contrary, the only object is to benefit, in every respect. And, with the blessing 
of God, such services are signally beneficial to the Church ; and the Lord often 
blesses the most humble means. What, moreover, is the real spirit of my call 
to you? Is it that I should be prohibited to preach anywhere else except in the 
pulpit of New York, and that in our own church? By no means! It is to preach 
the Gospel first to you, in its purity, and to administer the Holy Sacraments ac- 
cording to their institution by Christ, in connection with our other ministers ; and 
further, to do everything that belongs to the office of a faithful minister. And 
now If I do this, If I answer to all these requirements, as I have sought to do 
during all the time I have been with you, can anything more be required of me? 
Do I owe you anything more? Certainly not. « 

And, then, can you indulge in such an opinion, and assume such an authority- 
over me, as to imagine that it is not lawful for me, when not engaged in my own 
services, to spend my time for the good of others? Does not this seem rather 



OF THE State of New York. -iOOo 

ropish, my dear Sirs? Ye Elders, inasmuch as you are obliged, actording to your 
promises before God and his Church, at your installation to your office, in connec- 
tion with the ministers, to keep all tyranny and oppression out of the Church of 
Christ, has your own minister now become the object of oppression? Is this con- 
sistent with your duty? Ask your own consciences about this, and let them con- 
vince you. 

And now I proceed to the second point : " That I am not allowed, when not 
engaged in my own services, to speak or preach the Word in private houses." 

If you, Gentlemen (of the Consistory), take hold of this matter in a loose and 
thoughtless way, then I would not dare to take it upon my conscience to join you 
in your opinion. I even shudder to think that two ministers, together with mem- 
bers of our Consistory, are of the opinion that I am to be considered as an un- 
faithful servant, and a violator of my promises. For it is the duty of the Con- 
sistory also to watch over the conduct of the ministers of the Word ; and ye Elders 
have made the same promises before God and his Church. We find in our Forms, 
according to which we are installed when we assume our offices, how that the 
Apostle Paul placed himself for an example to other pastors : for he declared that, 
publicly, and from house to house, he taught and testified repentance toward God 
and faith toward our Lord .Jesus Christ, Acts 20 : 20, 21. T'pon this, the minister 
Is asked by his fellow officers and brethren, whether he will promise to fulfill his 
office faithfully, as has been described? And he answers before God and the whole 
church. Yea, with all my heart. This I did in my first place of settlement ; and 
secondly again before the Classis of Amsterdam ; and now here, before the whole 
church, besides subscribing to the Formulas. 

And so this charge was laid upon my shoulders, according to my solemn prom- 
ises, in harmony with the Order of the Church, and my office which is from God ; 
that I should serve the purposes of God in every possible way ; and use all dili- 
gence, employing every possible means to Impress the knowledge of the truth, 
which is according to godliness, upon the people ; " to be instant in season and out 
of season." 

Isaiah, also, calls God"s servants " Watchmen, who must not hold their jieace 
day nor night ", Is. 62 :6. 7. And is not Christ set before us as an example, that 
we should walk even as He walked, 1 John 2:6? And did not the Great Teacher 
embrace every opportunity to instruct and exhort his disciples and followers, 
whether in public, or on the mountains, or in private in the houses, wherever 
occassion permitted? And must I not follow in my Master's steps? 

But what do I say? Can a Christian minister feel free of duty, when he knows 
the unskillfulness of the people in divine things? when he lives in a place where 
there are divers denominations? Can he feel free, not to speak on all occasions, 
words of instruction and exhortation, especially when invited to do so? When 
they say to him as once " the rulers of the synagogue " said to Paul and Barnabas : 
" Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on ", 
Acts 13:15. By no means! He should always be ready to say: "Wherefore. I 
take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men ; for I have 
not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God ", Acts 20 :2G. 2". Yea. 
woo Is unto me, if I preach not the Gospel, 1 Cor. :16. 

Or are the brethren of the opinion that this work is not to be done thus openly? 
Then am I again of an opposite opinion. I will follow the example of our Great 
Master, Jesus, who did not speak in secret, in dark places of the earth as does 
the devil. He hates the light, and is accustomed to speak, through his Instruments, 
from dark corners. This appears from the accounts of the ancient Greeks : that 
In the famous temple at Delphi, in Greece, he ever gave forth douMful and am- 
biguous answers through the idol of Apollo. Nay, the Lord says : " I have not 
spoken in secret". Is 4~> : 19. And thus it was. also, when God spoke from heaven. 
He then (at Sinai) spoke publicly before more than six hundred thousand hearers. 
Also Paul (rather Apollos) " mightily convinced the .lews, and that publicly, show- 
ing by the Scriptures that Jesus was the Christ", Acts 18:28. And we need not 
fear now, nor close our windows and doors, as formerly the disciples did. when 
they met together, for fear of the Jews, .John 20 :in ; neither do we light a candle 
and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that it may give light to all that 
are in the house. Mat. 5 :15. From all this it clearly appears that ministers must 
not hide their light or refrain from giving their services unto others. Yet, I do 
not want to define the duties of others, but leave it to them to act according to 



1765 



10U4 Kccr.KsiASTicAi, Ki:<«»Ki).s 

1765 

llie circunistaiuvB of tlio iIuicb; evou n8 the Sjnoil of Geldorland. held In 17C2, 
l.Qve* Buch tbliiKH to the dlocrctlon of particular tndlvldiinlN; neverlhele«B, they 
examined all thoBP who were to be public ipcakerB, In th^lr AsHcmblloji, sometime* 
with opi-n doors nml 8>imoflmcs witb <l<iorH closorl. 

Or do they object (to my extra outside services) becauBO such services are some- 
times held in the evonlngV* Hut I'aul, when at Troas oxl.-nd.'d his speech until 
midnight. Acts l.'0:S, '.•; nml In the cvonliiK the people huve iliilKhcd their work, and 
ran attend. And even if th<-ro should stnnd n crowd of proytitntos :it tin- door, so 
that people had '.o look out for their pockets, as one of the three elders who hon- 
ored me with a coll on Aug. 12, 1755. told me he had been Informed, what of It? 
The same might be said of all other public places, where evll-nilmled people stand 
about U\>- doors, as well :is about cliiirc h-doors. In a great niuHltude we generally 
tlnd the ;Mod and the evil lutcnnlniiled. the honest and tlie dishonest. I'.ul I was 
unawnre "f .such spo<"Illc evils as those mentioned, for I cannot dlsilriKiilsh by the 
dress ku^'U evil-disposed persons from l)ctler ones. Yet others niii.v luive inor? 
experience. Hut even the most cvll-mlnded have been led to repcnlnnee mid to 
enter upon a virtuous life. And as for those who are afraid of losing their purses, 
there Is no necessity of their taking their money with them to places where no 
business Is to be done; but where only poor sinners are to be Invited lo buy wine 
nnd milk without money and without price. Is. 55:1. And they wlio lose tlielr 
money In a crowd have only themselves to blame. 

Or Ls It because I expound the 'Word of God In English? Well how is It po.sslble 
that the opinion of some people slionid change so suddenly? Since the necessity 
of preaching In English, In our cliurch. li.ns been clearly demonstrated by the Con- 
sistory; and by its now so frequent requisition in many meetings; and ly the fact 
that 60 many jieople who at first opposed it, and who could hardly understand a 
word of English, now declare that they understand an English .sermon better than 
one In Dutch: am I then, not to be allowed to learn the now prevailing language 
of the land, as well as to know the other tongue? Am I not to be allowed to 
preach the Gospel In this English tongue as well as in the Dutch? Does not the 
Word of God give me the liberty to do this? Even before the coming of the Rev. 
Ladelle (LfiUUie), I publicly proved in the pulpit our right to do this, at the time 
of Pentecost. I gave great satisfaction in that discourse, to the majority of the 
Consistory, as I was told at my own liome. Or am I only a Dutch speaking minis- 
ter. Well, do. Indeed, preach in Dutch ; yet, as a fact, I am able to speak, preach or 
write, in whichever language I choose. 

Behold, then. Gentlemen, this is my opinion. I trust It may convince you of the 
truth and justice of this whole business. To this end, I M'ish you God's light and 
grace! 

Larabertus De Ilomle. 



COKRK.SPOXDENCE FkOM AmEKICA. 

llev. Laml)ertiis De Ronde to the Classis of Amsterdam, per Rev. 
John Kalkoen, Sej). 9, 1705. 

New York, Sept. 9, 1765. 
Rev. Sir and Much Respected Brother: — 

I very gladly received your Rev's, communication, which was also signed by the 
Rev. Budde, acting President, and dated the 4th of February, together with that 
l>ook of Marshall. For this I thank the Rev. Ciassis. 

And while I abide by her decision, (although approved by the Ciassis 6f Leiden,) 
that this book does not come under her supervision (that of the Ciassis of Amster- 
dam) ; yet myself, as well as other ministers both here and In London, cannot 
approve of the ideas of that writer. Indeed, I abhor the same, and I declare, that 
they tend to bring man to the greatest carelessness. I am also grieved that the 
Ciassis of Leiden should ever have approved of such a book ; also that I must hear 
that this same book is even here recommended by Rev. Laidlie. I did not think that 
the Ciassis, after a careful investigation, could therewith be pleased. 

•Evening services were at that time more or less disapproved, on account of certain 
evils which had sometimes accompanied them. Art. 64. 



OP THE State of New York. 4005 

But I think that I have done my duty ; and, as long as I live, I hope, with the 
help of God, to watch over the pure doctrine, and the faith which once was 
delivered to the saints. Furthermore, I am much pleased with the approbation by 
the Rev. Classis of my conception of the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit, etc. 

I wish once more to repeat, that my views (on that subject) have never been 
anything else than Orthodox. This will now be clearly seen from the accompanying 
Appendix, which I would have sent (in print) if the time had permitted. We have 
received the last communication from your Revs., with the arrival of Rev. Mr. 
Rysdyk. At least, Rev. Ritzema communicated it to me, which his Rev. needed not 
to have done, because it was addressed personally to him. I kindly request of the 
Rev. gentlemen, the Deputati ad Res Exteras, that their communications may be 
directed hereafter to " The Subordinated Assembly," (the Conferentie), if the matters 
treated in them pertain to all. We intend, (D. V.) to hold our next meeting at the 
beginning of October, when we hope to write further to you. 

Meanwhile we cannot conceal from your Revs., that Rev. Ladelie (Laldlle) does 
not want to hear of " Subordination ", but talks of nothing else but " Correspond- 
ence." He does not want to be subordinate. Neither does his Rev. want to have 
anything to do with our " Subordinated Assembly ", (the Conferentie), nor with 
the Coetus ; but he wants to remain neutral. The most of our Consistory members 
are also inclined not to have anything to do with any other (ecclesiastical) body but 
the Consistory of New York. 

On account of lack of time I must now lay down the pen. Wishing to the Rev. 
Classis, to yourselves and to your families, the blessing of (Jod, who Is dear and 
rich in grace, I sign myself with all love and reverence. 
Rev. Sir and Much Respected Brother, 

Your Rev's, obedient servant and brother, 

Lambertus De Ronde. 

r. S. I kindly request that you assure Rev. Budde of my respects. Understand- 
ing that his Rev. no longer occupies the position of Deputatus ad Res Exteras, and 
not knowing the name of the other gentleman (of the Deputati), I address this 
letter to your Rev. 

I very kindly request that you will see that the enclosed Is brought to the " post 
comptoir ". I will thereby be very much obliged to you. 

Addressed : 

To the Rev. Mr. John Kalkoen, Minister at Amsterdam. 



Correspondence From America. 

TJcv. Lainbrrtiis De Ronde to the Rev. John Kalkoen, September 
9, 1765. Vol. 33, page 90. :t^o. 362. 

New York, September 9, 1765. 
To the Rt. Rev. John Kalkoen, Minister at Amsterdam. 

Reverend Sir and Highly Esteemed Brother : — 

Although I have already written somewhat in general, in answer to your Rev's. 
letter sent In the name of the Rev. Classis, I nevertheless thought it necessary to 
write a little more in particular to your Rev., for I look upon you as a man who 
loves truth and good order, and I wish to give yon an idea of the state of affairs 
in this our city and congregation, in order that these affairs may be directed for the 
best interests of all. by cautious and prudent management 

Your Reverence must be aware, indeed, that ever since the hour when a call was 
first extended to Rev. Laidlie, there has been no peace in our congregation ; that the 
Dutch party Is very much dissatisfied with the English party, on account of the 
election of certain members of the Consistory. These were chosen for the satisfac- 
tion of the (young) Americans, because they had voted for an English-speaking 
minister. The Dutch party took this very ill. They even claimed In accordance 
with the King's Charter, to distribute the right of electing equally over the whole 



J'Hm; Kcci-ksiastkai. Ui:«oRi»s 

17G5 

conirrojtBtlon. Thli mntfrr Ihoy tiroueht ovon Itoforo (lie olvll trltxinnl. After this 
point hud l>«»<»n ndvoralod. It wnH Ifft to tho dPclHlon of tlio Chief .TiiRtlccii who took 
thp miittfr Into furlhor ronnldornllon Time will Hhow whnt the derlnlon will be. 

This fjtinrrel hnn not nhnled nt nil since the nrrlvnl of Rev. Lnldlle. IIIr Itev. 
waH not wllllnc to prenrh from I'nsHlontextH, or holliln.VBermonn. oh he oiicht to hnve 
done; nor In he wllllnu to l>e snhordlnnte He orKiinlzeii 8peelnl meetlnRH where 
women liT theniBelven. nnd men nnd yotitliH by themnelves expound the ScrlptiireH by 
turnii. repent prnyers from memory. fllsrnsH qiiestlonH of conBclcncc, etc. All thin la 
also done with cloned doors, and without the RupcrvlRlon of the ConalBtory or of his 
colleajoieii. Furthermore, ho rccommendH that book of Mnrnhall (on Snnctlflcntlon), 
nnd Riven ulternnce to IncnutlouB expresslonH, or pecullnr opInlonB. l>olh In nnd out 
of the pulpit. All these things make matters worse, nnd cnuse mnny to fonr that 
he will yet become nn Independent : especially because he has many adherenta. 
These dnre not contradict him. nnd are ready to treat severely any one who opens 
his moiith npnlnst lilm. They do not spare even the old ministers who have spent 
their lungs nnd powers In this contiregatlon. 

There was very recently a case of this kind nfToctlng me Indivldunlly. Yet I 
can honestly assure your Rev. that I have nothing else In view but truth, and 
where It Is possible, peace. After we had received your Inst letter, dated February 
4, (1765). In which you a^aln strongly urged the subordination of Rev. I^aldlle. a 
few Dutch members, as soon as this became known, came to my house. They had 
first called on Rev. Ritzemn. who sent them to me. In order first to Inquire, whnt I 
would say. They asked me. whether I could not devise some plan, or means, by 
which peace could be restored In our congregation. I replied that I was heartily 
willing to take this matter Into consideration, and confer about It with Rev. 
Rltzema. They further asked me whether Uev. Laidlle should not be " Snbordinnte " 
I to the Classis), as well as ourselves. I answered tliom in the afflrmatlve. saying, 
that this was the desire of the Classis ; that his Rev. had been written to, and that 
he might now probably yield to It. They further spoke about those meetings which 
he had organized. In reference to this. I told them that I was not opposed to well 
regulated gatherings, which were In accordance with the usages of our Fatherland, 
and tended for mutual instruction and Improvement ; but I did disapprove of all 
kinds of meetings out of which might arise wrong experiences. Of these they had 
given a few specimens. 

No sooner did my Consistory find out that those Dutch members had called on me, 
than they were Indlgnaut. and three members came to my house : and although they 
could not condemn what had occurred, for I told them all the circumstances, and 
that I also favored the subordination of Laidlle. and disapproved of his meetings; 
yet they seemed to be very much displeased with me. They took it up as a con- 
spiracy between myself and the Dutch party, and searched out everything that could 
l>e brought up which tended to my hurt. This went on so far, with some lying and 
fabrications, that a few unpleasant words passed between Rev. Laidlie and myself. 
After I had told him what I thought it to be my duty to tell him. he came to my 
house and asked pardon from my wife and myself. Thus this storm blew over 
again. 

But shortly after that, the scene was reversed, and I was said to be the person 
who should have asked pardon from Laidlie. This lie was cut short by other wit- 
nesses who had heard things to the contrary. When they could Invent nothing more 
to annoy mo. two elders came to my house. They said that the two ministers. Rev. 
Ritzema. who had Immediately taken part with the Consistory, and Rev. Laidlle, 
supported by the other members, were of tlie opinion, that I should not be allowed 
to preach in any other congregation, outside my own charge. For example : when 
I am traveling among the Presbyterians ; for in the goodness of God, and his special 
Providence. I am competent to preach the word In the Knglish language also or 
even here in the city in a house. But this 1 had done all winter during the week, 
in addition to my regular preaching-services, upon request of a great many ; and, 
praise be to God, not altogether without a blessing. I was about to show them that 
I had a right to do this thing; but those two gentlemen were not willing to debate 
that point with me. They simply said, that if I was of a different opinion. I should 
convince the consistory of it. This, I eyigfiged to do. nnd T am now aliont to hnnd 
In my opinion, a copy of which I also take the lil>erty to forward to you. (See Aug. 
10, 1765.) 



01'^ THE State of New York. 4007 

If your Rev. and other Theologians agree with me in thinking that my opinion is 
based upon the Word of God, I wish you would be liind enough to communicate your 
opinion to me, as also that of the Rev. Classis. To the authority of Classis I have 
always been willing to submit, and give it all due respect. But I would have you 
take care that I may be allowed to continue in the preaching of the Gospel (else- 
where), in addition to the observance of my own proper services. For I assure you, 
dearly-beloved brother, that both a necessary and peculiar Providence of God is to 
be observed in the fact, that I had to learn a language, against which I had had an 
antipathy for twelve or thirteen years, and which I only commenced to study a 
short time previous to the arrival of Rev. Laidlie. Yet I so far acquired it during 
the first year, by the help of God, that I composed a short " System ", which I used 
for catechetical instruction ; and in the second year, I preached in it. Before the 
coming of Rev. Laidlie, I had over eighty catechumens (in English) ; but as soon as 
he came my " System " was discarded. The children were then put under the 
instruction of a newly appointed teacher, a tailor by trade, who openly declared to 
me, that the opinions of Marshall were the foundation of his faith. Recently also 
Rev. Laidlie introduced a little catechism, by Rev Hellenbroek. This had been 
translated Into English by a man named Low, a builder by trade. It was pre- 
sented to the consistory with the intention that the young people should be cate- 
chized from it. 

From these specimens it will be very apparent to you how things go on here. I, 
for my part, sigh under these things and others, and pour out my prayers before 
God. I am willing, supported by his strength, to bear reproach for His name's sake. 
I had been zealous to secure an English minister. Would that he were pure in doc- 
trine, and acted in conformity with our Constitution ! But alas ! I hear so many 
things. May the Lord watch over the many thousand souls in the Church of New 
Netherland. I have now been stationed here for more than fifteen years, and have 
never known of such things among us before. Everything has always gone on 
peaceably, but the times have now changed. I hear of novelties. There is much 
clamor about sudden conversions of those who attend these meetings which have 
been organized, but I fail to see any fruits. Would to God, it were true ! How I 
would then rejoice with all who fear God. Oh ! that God would pour out His Spirit 
in an abundant measure over our Zion. 

Rev. Brother ! remember the state of our Church in your prayers. Pray for your 
brother who is reproached for the sake of the pure Gospel truth. I commend myself 
to your affection, good counsel, and assistance. Count me worthy to send me per- 
sonally a letter in reply, I will gladly do everything which my conscience will allow 
me to do. Possibly, my time may not be much longer. By hard study and a seden- 
tary life, my constitution has been undermined. But my anxiety is for the sheep 
which I have sheptierded so long, that they may not be torn to pieces by wolves. 
The Lord be with you and strengthen you, and support you, and make you an instru- 
ment in His hand in winning many souls to our glorious King. 

I remain, with special love in my heart toward your Rev., 

Highly Esteemed Brother, Your humble servant and brother, 

Lambertus De Ronde. 

P. S. Rev. Rysdyck seems to me to be a very amiable man. and not lacking gifts 
and accomplishments. I have given him all possible advice ; he goes to a peaceable 
congregation. 



COREE.SPOXDEXCE FrOM AmERICA. 

Ttev. Joannes Eitzema to the Clas.^is of Amsterdam, Sep. 10, 17G5. 
Vol. 33, page 90. Xo. 3G1. 

Right Rev. Gentlemen, Fathers and Brethren In Christ : — 

The opportunity which now exists to send a letter to Amsterdam without cost, 
gives me the boldness to take up my pen, for I doubt whether I will have another 
opportunity after our (Conferentie) Meeting, which will not be held before the 
second Tuesday in October. 



1765 



•1008 l']rcLi:siASTic.\i. Hkcokps 

1765 

Give our hearty thanks to fho Kov. rinMln. In my bohnlf. for the trouble they took 
In 'sondInK lottors over to up. nnd OBpeclnlly for the copy of their lotter to the 
Bo-cflnr<| CoctiiH. (See Juno 3. ITO'i.) Thig rontnlnn n complpfo pTiilbltlon of the 
wpnkn<'»n of their wholo srhoiiip, nnd I hnve road It with the ufiiuiHt pleamire. I 
have nIsM rend It to some others who are well-wishers to oiir ZIon. We havp reason 
to prnlso vrry hijrhly the patience shown hy the Kpv. C'lnHsls. Tliry have no^lected 
nothing pertnlnInK to the whole hiislncss, but hnve thoroiiKhly exnniliird nnd Rone to 
the l)ottnni of tho mnttor. 'J'b*» I/ord, wlio makes everything clonr In Its time, 
command his blessing upon your Inbor. Ihnt we may pluck the desired fruits from 
this experience. 

Domlne Rysdyk arrived here, with his family all In good health, on August 30th, 
170."). about 8 1'. M. He preached here with great satisfaction, on September Ist, 
to a large audience. In the few days of his stay among us, he has also excited In 
us high hopes that his Rev. will be a man who will meet our full exppctatlone. Ue 
has already gone to his destination, and d.ny before yesterday preached his Inaugural 
sermon in Hopewell, N. Y. FHs Rev. was very much pleased with his rpppptlon here, 
as also with the extent of our city and the excellent buildings which he s.iw ; and 
especially with the recently erected Academy. (Kings College). 1 hope that his 
Rev. may also find It pipasant in the environments of his country home. The other 
two ministerial gentlemen are awaltod with high anticipations. 

In reference to the last letter of the Right Rev. Classls, which speaks of a former 
request of mine, that there might be sent over, two or three candidates. I must 
observe that, although the request was made by me alone, yet I afterwards communi- 
cated it to the brethren, and they approved of It. But we find now that the places 
for which we intendpd them, can be otherwise filled ; one by Domine Aemili\is. who 

has come over: and the other by sending a Call to a certain 

candidate In Duisburgh, through the assistance of Domine Cock, the Gorman minister 
in the Camp. (Germantown). Therefore the sending over of those candidates asked 
for. Is no longer necessary, unless further notice is given. I am satisfied with the 
resolution of the Rev. Classls not to send any more at present, except on further 
request. The reason why 1 made request for candidates was, among other things, 
this : that the expense would be less. For this Is very heavy on the congregations 
when a minister, with a large family, comes over. These heavy expenses give occa- 
sion also to the Coetus ministers to persuade the congregations not to call ministers 
from Holland. l<or those of their own preparation can be obtained at little or no 
expense, and then, say they, they know also whom they are to get. 

That word " Subordination " seems to be very distasteful for our Colleague Laldlie. 
It therefore puts our Consistory in somewhat of a dilemma — the holding of such a 
(subordinate) Assembly, (the so-called Conferentie), In our present circumstances; 
for we have now on hand a lawsuit with those brethren who were against the calling 
of an English-speaking minister. Our Consistory hardly knows what to do under the 
circumstances. Matters have also become still worse, because my Colleague Dc 
Ronde has united himself with them (the Dutch party) and would like to see our 
beloved Laidlie expelled from the congregation. But I hope to manipulate matters, 
so that, with the help of others, we shall try to keep peace among ourselves, first; 
and then seek to further the Interests of others outside ; for I am sure that our Con- 
sistory will not unite with the Coetus. but they will with us, (the Conferentie) even 
although Colleague Laidlie has become a little too familiar with those ' (Coetus) 
brethren. 

The great desire which animates me, and which I find is agreeable to many others, 
Is to call a Profpssor of Theology from IIoll.Tnd for our new Academy (Kings Col- 
lege). I find much opposition to my plan, however, and especially from certain 
ones. who. I think, hnve the least right to oppose it. And the so-called Presbyte- 
rians of the Province of New .Jersey are now aroused to this same purpose — to try 
and get such a man in their Academy, (Princeton College). And those Presbyte- 
rians, as I have been told, have already requested the Coetus ministers to give them 
assistance therein and they would .send for such a Professor. This I make known 
to the Rev. Classls. in the hope that if there should come any such request nefore 
the Reverend Classls, from that side (the Coetus), or any information should be 
received on this matter, that it be not settled too hastily and without my knowledgp. 
For I have some hopes yet to secure my object, (a Professor In Kings College). It 
is hindered only by those in our midst, who declare themselves to be one with the 



OP THE State of New York. 4009 

Presbyterians only in name, but are really Independents. They think that if v?e 
call a (Divinity) Professor in our Academy, (Kings College) it would soon cause us 
to unite with the Church of England ; but there is just as little reasonableness in 
such a thought, as in that other thought of those conceited though honorable citi- 
zens, whose schemes have been so admirably analysed by your Revs., who assert 
that their English citizenship makes it inconsistent for them to remain members of 
the Church of our Fatherland. If I should, however, finally be compelled to give up 
my plan, I shall, nevertheless, have a clear conscience, that I have done my duty. 

I subscribe myself. Right Rev. Gentlemen, Fathers and Brethren in Christ, with 
the highest esteem and respect. May the Lord crown with his favor, all your efforts 
in our behalf, as well as all your labors ; may He also dwell among us with his 
blessing. 

Your Right Rev's. D. W. Servant and Brother, 

John Ritzema. 
New York, Sept. 10, 1765. 
(Addressed :) 

To the Right Reverend and Highly Learned Gentlemen, 

Jobs. Kalkoen and Wilhelmus van den Broek, 

Highly-Respected Ministers in Amsterdam, and now 

" The Deputati of the Rev. Classis in reference to 

Foreign Affairs :" 

Residing in Amsterdam. 

Received, November 4th, 1765. 

110 



1765 



HI in Ecclesiastical Records 

17G5 



ADMIXISTRATIOX OF SIR IIEXRV MOORE, P.ART, 
NOVEMr.KR i:], 17G5-SKPTEMI:KR 12, 17n!>. 

Ciiuncii oi- Xew York. 

Musifiil tyjM'. riililicnlinn of tlic r.-nliii iJook and Litnr^^y, in 

En-lisli. 

Ni'W York, Sepfombor IG, 1765. 
Consistory hrlcl nflor falliiic on Goil's nnnio. 

1. The letter of Mr. Daniel Croranielln. of AmsteifJam. May 31at, 170."., with the 
hill for the Music Notes, amounting to ^57 gulklers. and 12 stivers, was brought in. 

Kesolved, That the same be paid to him, either In a bill of exchange or in ready 
money. Mr. Evert Banrker was appointed to borrow the necessary money from the 
Treasurer, and afterwards restore it from the proceed.s of the book, when printed. 

2. Messrs. Jno. Brevoort, Anthony TenEyck, Jakobus Van Zandt and Abram Lott 
was appointed a committee to further the preparation of the Psalm Book and 
Formularies. Said committee will secure the paper in the best manner possible, 
agree with the printer for the whole Impression of 2000 copies with 500 Catechisms 
separately. If it Is required to pay immediately for the paper, or for part of the 
printing before the work Is entirely done, they have the right to draw upon the 
Treasurer for the necessary sum. 

3. The committee on the English translation of the Hellenbrock Catechism, 
reported that they found it to agree with the original Dutch. Whereupon it was 
approved. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

1765, Oct. 7th. Art. 2. Prof. Curteniiis* like^dse asks that 
his book, printed in quarto at de Groot's, treating of those things 
in the Epistles of Paul which are hard to understand, and on cer- 
tain other places of Peter's and Paul's Epistles, pages 3-552 in- 
clusive, may be approved. 

Levering, by the mouth of Rev. V. T). Broek, also asks the 
same in regard to the pamplilet of tlie Rev. Mr. Eikers on Matt. 
13. This the Classis granted, xiv. 52. 

Church of Xew York. 
Consist <>ry refuses to recognize officially, the Conferentie. 

New York, October 7, 1765. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

A request was presented by domlne Joannes Rltzema to the Consistory to appoint 
the three ministers together with three Elders to meet tomorrow with the Ministers 

•He was uncle of Rev. Antonius Curtenius of Hackensack, etc. 



OF THE State of New York. 4011 

1765 

and Elders [of the Confereutie] in order to read the letters from the Classis of 
Amsterdam, and attend to such other matters as might arise. 

The Consistory answered, after the matter had been discussed over and over, 
that they belonged neither to the Coetus nor to the Conferentie, and therefore 
desired to delegate no elders but they adhered to their letter to the Classis of 
Amsterdam written in 1754. This letter was now read again, and approved by 
the Colleague Laidlie, who holds himself, with the consistory, subordinate to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. They resolved to make known their course by letter to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, and gave domine Ritzema and domine de Ronde their free- 
dom. [To attend the Conferentie if they saw fit. This they did, as their names 
appear in the Record of Conferentie of that date.] 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 



Acts of the Rev. Assembly of Ministers and Elders, (the 
Conferentie,) Subordinate to the Classis of Aimsterdam, 
ISTew York, Oct. 8, 9, «&; 10, 1765. 

New York, October 8, 1765. 

The Assembly met, and was opened with prayer by Dom. Ritzema, as President 
of the last meeting. 

Members Present. 
Ministers Elders. 

Dom. Joannes Ritzema 
" Lambertus De Ronde 

.Toannes Schuyler Rynier Van Giessen 

Ulpianus Van Sinderen ' .leremiah Van Der Bllt 

" J. C. Rubel, Rem Remsen 

" J. C. Fryenmoet Peter Vosburg 

Benj. Van Der Linde David Ter Hune 

" G. D. Kock Peter Sharp 

" J. M. Kern Hendrik Whytman 

Isaac Rysdyck Isaac BrinckerhofC 

Jeremiah Snyder, from Stissing 
Cornelius Peerson, from Kingston 
Martin De La Metre and John 
Blauvelt, delegates from 
Mormelton and Tappan. 



1. Communications.— A letter from the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to the Assembly, 
dated February 1, 1765, and one from the same to Dom. Ritzema, dated May 23, 
1765, referring to the Assembly, with a copy of their letter to the so-called Coetus 
of June 3, were presented and read. The brethren heard them with great satis- 
faction, and resolved to express their thanks by letter to the Rev. Classis. 

2. 0/?iC€rs.— Dom. Ritzema was chosen President, and Dom. De Ronde, Clerk. 

3. Examination Rcquestrd.— The student Gerrlt Leydekker appeared, and requested 
the Assembly to appoint a person to examine him in nomine Classic, which was 
granted, and the duty assigned, at his desire, to the President. 

Separated with thanksgiving. 

Afternoon Session. 

Opened with prayer. 

1. Case of Mormtlton.—X letter was read from some members of the congregation 
of Mormelton, [ Marbletown] , who held themselves subordinate to the Rev. Classis, 
complaining of a division among them, produced by those who adhere to the Coetus, 
and earnestly requesting the advice of this body in their sad condition. After 
further oral statements by Mr. Van Metre, it was found that the Assembly could 



1705 



1012 ICcci.KsiASTrc.M. \\y.> ouks 

do nothltiK rfllrlont for tlnni until the-y K"f povHo^hlon of the rhurcb. Thl» they 
wore <llror(p<I to nttcnipt, niid then niiiko rrport to tho nrnrc^t minlsfpr. nnd »eek 



bin ndvlco. 

SrpnrntPil wllh tlirinkncli 



October 0— Forenoon. 



Oponcd with prn.rcr by tlio rrosldcnt. 

1. Suhxrription of thr Arlirlrji.— The hrndinit of tlio siibscrlptlon to tho Funda- 
nicntnl Arilolps, and the RuU-s of tho nilnlHtors and oldors bolonglni; to tho 
ARBenibly nndor the CInssIs, were rend, and slpnod anew by the membotT*. (See 
oupra. pp. x\i., sxll.) 

(On the next page the following BJgnnturos are found attached to a new beading, 
viz.:) 

The Kov. ABsembly of Mlnlstei^ and Elders under the Classln of Amsterdam, met 
In the <:on8lstory Chamber of New York, October 10, 1765, having road again the 
Fundamental Articles of the Coetus, together with the regulations for holding the 
same, herein before recorded, give their full consent thereto, and desire to bold 
their Assembly on no other ground. But, as they have now altered the name of 
Coetus Into that of an Assembly of Ministers and Elders under the Hev. Claaeis of 
Amsterdam, they have thought good to subscribe the foregoing points anew. 

Joannes KItzema, V. D. M. 
Lambertus De Ronde, V. D. M. 
Joannes Schuyler, V. D. M. 
Ulplanus Van Slnderen, V. D. M. 
Joannes Caspar Fryenmoet, ^■. D. M. 
Benj. Van Der LInde, V. D. M. 
Joannes Caspar Hubel, V. D. M. 
Gerhard Daniel Cock, V. D. M. 
Joannes MIcheal Kern, V. D. M. 
Isaac Kysdyck, V. D. M. 

Elders. 
Rynier Van Glesen, Hacken.'i.'uk. 
Rem Remsen, Kings County. 
Jeremiah Vander Bllt, Kings County. 
David Terhune, I'ermis, (raramus.i 
reter Scherp, Kamp, (Camp.) 
Henry AVhiteman, New York. 
Isaac BrinckerhofT, Veskel, etc., (Fishkill.) 
Cornelius Person, of Kingston. 

2. Tavpan and Dom. Yerbryck.— The case of Tappan, with the complaint against 
Dom. Verbryck, was taken up, and the Assembly saw fit to appoint a committee of 
inquiry, consisting of the Rev. Messrs. Ritzema, Schuyler and De Ronde, with 
instructions to settle the matter. If It were possible. 

3. Kingston. — The case of Kingston was taken up, and postponed until the 
afternoon. 

4. Printing Ordered.— It was unanimously resolved that four hundred copies In 
English, and six hundred In Dutch, should be printed, by the first opportunity, of 
the letter written by the Rev. Classls to the so-called Coetus, and sent to us. 

5. Cane of Dom. II ovenberg.— In this case the Assembly did not And itself In a con- 
dition to do anything but earnestly commend the congregation to the inspection of 
the neighboring ministers. 

6. Kingston and Dom. Sleyer.— Id view of the sad condition of Kingston, owing to 
the refusal of Dom. Meyer to be subordinate to the Rev. Classls, the Assembly 
determined once more to try to convince him, by a letter, of his error in this 
matter; but yet, in fear lest all writing should prove fruitless, to pre.'<ent the matter 
to the Rev. Chassis, with an earnest request for their final conclusion thereon, that 
we may know how to sovem ourselves: At the same time humbly to propose to the 
Rev. Classls the only means which we think to be proper for guarding the privileges 
of our Church. The President and Clerk were appointed to perform this duty. 

Closed with thanksgiving to God. 



OF THE State of New York. 4013 

October 10— Forenoon. 

Opened with prayer by the President. 

Examination.— The student, Gerrlt Leydekker, appeared, and after preaching a 
discourse, was examined by the President on the Gospel of John in Greek, and on 
the Psalms in Hebrew, and afterwards in theology; whereupon he was admitted to 
the preaching of the Gospel. 

The Assembly concluded with thanksgiving to God; to come together again in 
the afternoon, to attend to some business yet unfinished. 



Afternoon Session. 

The condition of the Church was considered, in respect to the confusion caused 
by the Coetus ministers and their adherents, and the disturbances of our rest by 
their disorderly intrusions. It was concluded that we can do nothing better than 
to busy ourselves with them as little as possible, following the example of the Rev. 
Classis, to leave them to themselves, and to stand by, in word and act, the con- 
gregations which seek our advice and aid: so that others may be convinced, by our 
course, that we have at heart only the preservation of the sound doctrine and 
good order of the Netherlandish Church. 

2. Close.— The Assembly, with hearty thanksgiving to God, for his gracious 
providence over us, by which we were enabled to meet, in order to promote, 
according to our ability, the welfare of our Zion, separated, with the wish and 
prayer that it would please Him to prosper our work to his own glory, and to the 
salvation of many souls. 

Signed, in the name of all, 

J. Ritzema, Pres. 
L. De Ronde, Clerk. 



Church of Xew York. 
Vaults. Views of Elders and Deacons to be sent to Classis. 

New York, October loth, 1765. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. Twenty-two deeds for vaults In the yard of the New Church were brought in. 
The consistory ordered them to be signed by the President and to have the seal of 
the Corporation affixed. 

2. It having been resolved at the meeting of October 7th, to write to the Classis 
of Amsterdam respecting the position of Consistory, (in reference to the Coetus 
and Couferentie) the Elder, Anthony Ten Eyck with the Deacons, Evert Bancker 
and Abram Lott were appointed a committee to prepare the letter. (See Oct. 24, 
1765.) 

Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

'■' The Assembly Subordinate to the Classis " (or the Con- 

FERENTIe) TO THE ReVEKEND ClASSIS OF AMSTERDAM, 

October 22, 1765. 

To the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam : — 

We have the honor herewith, Rev. Brethren, to send to you minutes of our meet- 
ing, from which you will see who met with us, and what business was done. 

We must say of Dom. Blauw, however, that he was absent, not because of any 
unwillingness to unite with us, but, as we learn from a letter received from him 
since our meeting, because he did not receive sufficient notice of the call, and also 
because of an inflammation in his throat. 



1765 



i7o: 



K'll I'<'<M.nsi.\STI«Ai. Ki;.«tui»s 

W> nhoiild hurl* biic) « trnnqtill McMlnn. h«i1 nof our jwi-'o Ivon tll'tiir^wfl hy 
oilirrii. Tlip complnlnm of tho«p who nhldo by tho NxtlmrlnndlKh «'hurrli and wliih 
ihlnL'i to Im> on tho old fooilniz. nnd will not itnlti> with iho CnciiiK. nrr imlDfiil lo 
iM : nnd the nior<« r»o : finro wo run do nothing for (Iwni on nr.-mnit of »lii> o|i|ioKlt|on 
wtilrli iifrRllR on nil "Idcu. nnd to whirli. nn yon linvc Iwon Informoil. (ho •'on^'lntory 
of Now York kIvo* no Iltllo Induconinnt. To dolny no lonjfor «>n Ihono nia»tcrn, we 
(nko iho llhorty lo oond vnu tlio orlRlnnl ropMos of MoHnrK. Vorliryck nnd Moyor. 
toRothor with n copy of tho lottors writton lo tlio Intlor. Tho«o ropltoN roTcal 
vory pinlnly tho spirit of Indopondoncy. and wo think tho hroihron would not have 
wrllton thorn had thoy not hoon Indiirod by others. Tho loiter to Dom. Vorbryck 
In not worthy of Im'Iiijt forwnrdod to yon, ns If coninlno<| only the notloc of an 
appointment for n mootlnR. 

If wo nro to ronllniio thus with our handH bound, nnd seo our frlondn Kronning 
under Iho yoke of their oppre»sf)rH. wo nee no other resort thnn to roquosf the 
protection of our King. We propose It for your serious conslderntlon, whether 
It Is not necessary to obtain throuch the I^ords Commlssnry In the Synod, that 
the Ambnssndor of the Stntes rieneral nt the Court of (Jrent Rritnin mny l>e com- 
mlsslonod to represent that the Netherlnndlsh ("hurcbew In North Amerlcn nre 
oppressed In their prlvllep<'S nnd liberties by n band of ministers who, through n 
ppirlt of Independency, hnve torn them away from the Netherlnndlsh Church, nnd 
cnst off their relations to that Church. In the face of thefr own subscription at 
the beplnninR of their ministry. Thnt such n request would be listened to by the 
King, we feel assured, bocnuse our Netherlnndlsh Church hns always been regarded 
by the Episcopalians as n nntionni church, and for thnt reason held In esteem; 
and because the Kings have always provided our churches with clinriers. not only 
to manage their affairs according to the Netherlandish constitution esiablistied 
In the Synod of Dort. but also as a body corporate, to have nnd to hold, etc., the 
property belonging thereto: which is denied to all other churches, as It is not neces- 
sary for us now to. show. It being sufficiently evident. 

We do not mean, however, to do any harm spiritually or temporally to these 
persons. Our only aim is. that they shall not trouble us; nor disturbe our churches 
subject to the Synod of Dort and to the decrees of Classls and Synod. If they 
transgress the old hounds, we do not at all desire their ruin. They may l>e inde- 
pendent If they will. If only they will not oppress us, (who seek to carry out our 
Church Order among our own people.) as was experienced in a shameful manner by 
Dom. Kock at Kingston. .And then they always have at hand a test picked out 
of the Bible, or a sentence f>ut of the Church Order, according to their own arbi- 
trary whims; and the unfair use of these passages, torn from their connection, 
keeps us in a continual agitation, when otherwise we could labor to the use and 
edification of Gods peoi)le. As for their congregations, we will cut off whosoever 
of ours undertakes anything to their detriment; but must ours l>e oppressed by their 
ministers, who claim to have the only right over them? 

Further from our hearts we thank you for your acceptable care and pains for 
us. and pray you to continue in the same, for we are made the derision of our foes, 
and our labors In the Lord are rendered fruitless. The ministers, Boelen and 
Aemllius, who have been called, still fall to appear, much to our sorrow; and we, 
with the congregations who expected them, are much perplexed, not knowing how 
to quiet them. The Rev. Mr. Rysdyck has been received with extreme love and 
Joy, and he gives promise of being a man of great usefulness In our Church, 
especially In his own congregation, where he labors with discretion. 

Wishing the rich blessing of Heaven upon your Rev. Assembly, your honored 
persons and your ministry, we subscribe ourselves, Rev. Fathers and Brethren In 
Christ, with the utmost esteem. 

In the name of our Assembly, 
(Signed.) 

.T. Rltzema. President. 
Lamb. De Ronde, Clerk. 

N. B. — With this we send the minutes, the letter to Dom. Meyer, and the replies 
of Dom. Meyer and Dom. Verbryck. 



OF THE State of New York. 4015 

CORE^SPOXDEXCE FrOM AmEKTCA. 

The Elders and Deacons of the Church of Xew York to the Cla^^sis 

of Amsterdam, Oct. 26, 1765. VoL 33, page 94. No. 366. 

To the Reverend Classis of Amsterdam. 

Right Rev. Gentlemen, Fathers and Brethren in Christ : — 

Since the 12th of May, 1764, when the Consistory of the Dutch congregation 
of this city had the honor to write to Your Right Rev. Assembly, we do not remember 
that we have been honored by any message from Your Right Rev. Sirs. Since that 
time, however, nothing has happened in this congrgation, worthy your attention, 
up to the seventh day of this month. Then the Rev. gentleman, Domine Ritzema, 
informed the Consistory that the Conferentie, which had now become formally 
subordinate to the Rev. Classis of Am.sterdam, was appointed to meet the next 
day, and desired that some Elders might be appointed to attend the said meeting, 
together with the ministers of this congregation. 

This motion and request of his Rev. . appeared quite strange to the Consistory. 
For ever since the year 1754, when the Coetus broke up, having been rent asunder, 
and when this congregation put herself again directly in the household of Your 
Right Rev. (Classical) Assembly, according to the contents of the letter of October 
17, 1754, v.-e had never been asked to attend the said meeting (of the Conferentie) ; 
and what is more that meeting never consulted us, concerning anything in con- 
nection with their affairs. Only we must except last year, when all the ministers, 
at the request of Your Revs, met, to try if it were possible, to settle all the 
differences ; then there were also three Elders of this congregation appointed to 
attend that General Meeting, who were to use their influence for the peace of the 
Church. But when that desired end could not be attained, they have since attended 
neither one nor the other meeting. 

The Consistory, however, having taken this motion and request into due con- 
sideration, unanimously resolved (with exception of Dominies Ritzema and De 
Ronde), that in order to preserve peace in the congregation, it would be best for 
our Consistory not to unite with the said Brethren, neither with those of the 
so-called Coetus; for it appeared to the Consistory, to their sorrow, after having 
considered all these matters, that neither the one side nor the other have so much 
in view the spread of the Holy Gospel with its true doctrines, as the desire for 
power. And for this reason they cannot forbear to remark that the said letter 
of (Oct. 17) of the year 1754, seems to have been dictated by a prophetic pen, 
because the facts and results therein foretold, Ocli lacie! yield only too many 
evidences of their truth in these regions. 

iVnd for these reasons the Consistory feels it her duty, to refer, with all respect 
to the said letter, and to explain, in the name of the congregation entrusted to her 
care, why they are resolved to adhere to the contents of that letter and to remain 
firmly attached to your Revs, according to the original state of things, so long as 
Y'our Revs, will be pleased to favor us with Your kindness. In counsel and deeds. 
We will not unite ourselves with either of the said Assemblies (the Coetus or 
Conferentie.) For we are conscious that, under Your Revs, direction, we shall 
be better able not only to govern our own congregation and to promote the service 
of God therein, but also can be of more benefit to others, than we could be. if we 
should unite with either party. For as soon as one belongs to either one body or 
the other, party-spirit appears, and such a one becomes a determined enemy of the 
other. And thus, instead of promoting religion thereby, they generally give cause. 
In the language of the catechism, that the Name of God be blasphemed. For this 
reason, the Consistory could not conscientiously comply with the above request, 
but felt it their duty to keep this congregation separate from said Assembly. 

But when we declare that the desire for power manifests Itself more than the 
desire to spread the knowledge of salvation, we do not wish to speak too severely 
of every member of this Assembly ; rather do we find it our duty to state, that we 
do not include the Rev. gentleman, Domine Ritzema among them ; inasmuch as 
his Rev. says that his intention Is only to keep the doctrine and Constitution of 



1765 



»01<". EcCLESIASTKAr, KkCOKHS 

1765 

i>uf Church pure and undcniod In nil rowppctn. Thoroforo. permit uii to Inform 
Your RcrB. that nlthoiich hU Hov. docliiroB that ho In conaclcntlotialy obliged to be 
present nt the AMemMy, and that ho will never foranke If. tinle»n he may be 
specially niithorlze<l to do ao ; Yet. he could not forl>enr to exproMH hlinneif tlniR: — 
"Thnl rnlhrr than attend an AsKemhly wh^r.' nil his lal)orH and enroriii nro fmltlean. 
he would prefer to be rolonsed from the name." And therofon- we cannot forlmnr, 
aince his Kev. \n already fnr advanced In years, and the whole wel;:ht (of thnt 
AasemMy) lesta on his shouldors, to request of Your Kevs. that full llhnrty be 
Klvr»n him to withdraw from those Assemblies If ho go choose, since ho Is now old 
and cm y headed ; and so that ho may be of more henftll to the soula especially 
entrusted to him. Nevertheless, his Uev. knows nolhlng concerning this roMUCSt. 

Happy, yea, thrice happy would we consider ourselves, could we give the same 
testimony about all the brethren bclon(;lng to the said (Conferentle) body. Y'et 
If It should please God to take this said gentleman (Rlfzema) away by death or 
remove him In any other way. In whom else would they find the ability to con- 
duct that Assembly and keep It on the right path. We must confess, we don't 
know. One has one opinion, and another, another. And should It l>e asked — Have 
you not yet Domlne De Rondo? Even so; we have his Rev. and must keep him; 
but we cannot say that his Rev. equally bears the "Ark of God " on his shoulders 
as do his colleagues; and we must add that his Rev. seems to preach Christ from 
envy, more than for any other reason. This arises from jealousy, as far as we 
can judge; for I>omlne Laldlle has a larger audience than he: and also on account 
of a passion which he has for i)reathing in Knglish, for which he Is not In the 
least qualified. This has led him to hold English services In private houses; and 
subsequently he went also to New Jersey, to preach in Tresbyterian churches there. 
He was admonished In a friendly manner about these things by his consistory; 
first about his preaching in private houses, as being contrary to his office as a 
minister; and secondly, about its being contrary to the subordination due to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. His Rev. has answered — that it was his right " to sow 
beside all waters," and that he would continue to do so. When he was asked 
further. Whether, If the Rev. Classis should forbid him to preach in English In 
churches outside (of our own Denomination), he would [dis?] obey them? he 
answered, No ; but that he would appeal to the High Rev. Synod. And being asked 
further — Whether, if the Synod should disapprove of his course he would discon- 
tinue? he only answered that. In such case, he would take It into consideration. 

Behold then. Worthy Sirs, what a beautiful subordination Is this ! And what 
do Y'our Revs, now think? Would it be wise for the church of this city (by its 
elders; to take part in an Assembly wherein are found such members? Would 
we not then be in danger of getting Independent ministers in our pulpit? In short: 
Would we not, in so doing, prepare the way to banish the Constitution of the 
Reformed Church of the Netherlands, together with its doctrines, altogether from 
these repions? Great, very great danger do we see in taking part In the said 
(Conferentle) Assemblies; and for this reason we hope that we may not be requested 
to do so ; especially, because this body has already been meeting for eleven years, 
and has deliberated on many questions without ever recognizing (the elders of) 
this con;;rfgation ; and since we have been of no importance for so long a time, 
we cannot now understand how our presence has become so very necessary. We 
also prefer to request Y'our Revs, to speak to Domine De Ronde concerning his 
unbecoming conduct. The Consistory has notified his Rev. that they have informed 
Your Revs, of his conduct, as noticed above. 

And here we would close. If it were not also our duty to defend the Innocent. 
We refer to that worthy gentleman, Domlne Laldlle, who has read a letter to us 
from Y'our Revs. In this his Rev. was very much censured, among other things, 
be<;au.se his Reverence had acted so as to intensify the dissensions already existing 
in this land. W^e do not know who has accused him to Your Revs., but this we 
unreservedly say: Be the accuser whoever ho may, he is a false accuser; and we 
cannot imagine why it was done except through personal hatred. In proof of this, 
permit us to relate the circumstances Just as they happened:— 

When all the ministers were assembled last year, as is stated above, Domlne 
Laidlie was there also with his elder; yet if we are correctly informed, he was 
never duly invited. His Rev. being a stranger here, and having met with much 
opposition in his congregation on account of preaching English, in a Dutch 



OP THE State of New York. 4017 

1765 

Church, he was advised not only by nearly all his friends, but also by his Consis- 
tory, to keep himself neutral; and to join neither the Conferentle nor the Coetus 
party, unless the separated brethren should first unite. This advice he promptly 
followed. But inasmuch as the union attempted, (June 19, 1764) did not take 
place, he was then asked by each party to join in with them; but he refused to 
join either, and has expressed his desire to remain, together with his Consistory, 
only under the Rev. Classis. It seems that this action offended the brethren of one 
of the parties, (the Conferentie) and that for this reason, he has been thus reported 
to you. But, Worthy Fathers, was such a proceeding Christlike? Ought the 
accuser not to have acted according to the Golden Rule, to do, as he would have 
others do unto him? Ought he not to have given a copy of his accusations to his 
Rev., and not as it were, to stab him in his back? We think that according to the 
rule of love, the accuser should, at least, have felt obliged to do this. 

There is now, again, Rev. Fathers, an opportunity for the accusers; inasmuch 
as Domine Laidiie, at the request of his Consistory, did not attend the last Assem- 
bly of the aforementioned (Conferentie) Brethren. On the other hand, he declared 
in full Consistory, that he "subordinated" himself, with his Consistory, to the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, as this matter had been already expressed, in the said 
letter of Oct. 17th, 1754. He was convinced of the great necessity of this. What 
further concerns his Rev., Your Revs, will probably learn from his own letters. 
Nevertheless we cannot forbear to inform Your Revs, that his Rev. blames the 
conduct of Domine De Ronde; also, that his Rev's, work is getting blessed in our 
congregation. It has caused a great stir among the dry bones of the valley, 
(Ezekiel 37.) 

Neither can we omit to inform Your Revs, that the members of this congrega- 
tion who were against the calling of an English-speaking minister do yet, for the 
greater part, remain obstinate. They are unwilling to follow Your Revs, advice in 
behalf of peace. They have even had recourse to the Law, and thus, if possible, 
to annul the Constitution of the Church. A certain obscure expression* in the 
Charter of the Church has given rise to this proceeding. This Charter was given 
by king William HI, (1696). By it they pretend that every member of the Church 
has the right annually to vote for the Consistory. This right, although it has In 
this land and especially in this Church never been the custom, they demanded 
from the Consistory, in October, 1763. When it was refused, they then went to 
law with the Consistory, and this case is still pending.f 

Since things are thus with us, that every member according to his pleasure, can 
cite the Consistory before a Civil Court— it goes to show that it is best for this 
congregation to remain neutral (in reference to the two parties.) We would also 
request Your Revs, to inform us, whether according to the Constitution of the 
Church of Amsterdam, the new Consistory must not be chosen by the old Consis- 
tory? And if it has ever been customary in the said Church, that the Consistory 
should be chosen by the members of the entire congregation, except when a new 
congregation is formed? The answer of Your Revs, on this matter might be of 
great benefit to this congregation, in her present circumstances. 

Furthermore, we hope that Your Revs, will receive no communication as authentic 
from our congregation, except it be by the consent of the Eiders and Deacons, who 
will not be negligent in giving you all needed information. 

Wo, the prnsent Elders and Deacons, of the Reformed Church of Christ In New 
York, commend ourselves, together with our congregation, to Your Revs, good 

•This obscure expression is as follows :— 

"That yearly on the third Thursday of October, at the said Church, 

the Elders and Deacons of the said Church, by and with the consent and approbation 
of the members of the said Church for the time being, shall nominate and appoint 

Elders and Deacons for the year ensuing." See Volume 2, page 1150 of these 

Records. But the approbation of the members, by the Constitution of the Church, 
was to be secured by publication for three Sundays ; not by a vote of the members. 

tTrinity Church passed through a lawsuit of a similar kind, about 1813, when an 
effort was made to compel the Vestry to allow all the memliers of the church, if not 
all Episcopalians in the City, to vote for Vestrymen and church-wardens, because the 

language of their Charter reads "that there shall be annually ^'^-.^v 

Tuesdav In Easter week, two church-wardens and twenty Vestrymen duly elected by 
the majority of votes of the inhabitants of the said parish in communion as afore- 
said." See these Ecc. Records, vol. 2, page 1148. 



|(»IS 



KccLKSiASTiCAi. Ukcohus 



1765 



fnvor And wUhlnK Yonr Kera. nil tpnipornl lilpiwlnirii licn>, nnd nil liiifplix-im 
h<»rr«ftpr, wp rcniAln wUb nil ro»p6ot nnd due rcvcrpiioo. 

RiKbt IloTonMid. IllKhlr-lionoD'd Sim, rnthom nnd Urvlliron In <>nr ooninion 
StTlor. 

^ onr HIkIi' Ilovorcnil'H I». W. 8«'rvnnlt«. 



Ercrt Bnnckor 

Alirnhnm V. Lott 

Henry Roy KUl 

Jncoliiin Vnn Znndt 

Jncoli L. Hoy 

rptriin Byvnnck 

Abrnhnm Lott 

Jncobna Hogcrt 

Wrltlon In onr Cburch-ohainbi>r, In New York on tho l-'Ctli of OiMoh»T. 



Jnmpa llnonpvplt 

.Torld Hrlnokprboff 

Jobn nrpvoort 

Wtn. r»c IVynter 

Antbony Ten Eyck iHiycklnck 



ConuKspoNnENCK Fr(»m Amkktca. 

Kov.-:. .Tolin Ritzpma aiirl Laiiilx'i-tu>; Do Koivlo, to tho Classic of 

Ain^tonJiiiii. Optobcr 20, ITr,.'). Vol. d',], pa^p 05. No. 3H0. 

To the IJev. Classls of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Sirs, Fathers and Brethren In Christ:— 

Inasmui'h as we are compelled by an unexpected resolution of our f;on»lstory to 
trouble your Kevs., against our will, we communicate to your Kevs. all that i)assed 
in the Consistory. It is, word for word, as follows: 

New York, October 7tb, 17G3. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

A request was presented by domine Joannes Ritzema to the Consistory, to 
appoint the three ministers together with three Elders, to meet to-morrow, with 
the Ministers and Elders [of the Conferentiel in order to read the letters from the 
Classls of Amsterdam, and attend to such other matters as might arise. 

The Consistory answered, after the matter had been discussed over and over, 
that they belonged neither to the Coetus nor to the Conferentle, and therefore 
desired to delegate no Elders; but they adhered to their letter to the Classls of 
Amsterdam, written in 17r,4 [Oct. 17.] This letter was now read again, and 
approved by the Colleague Laidlie, who holds himself with the Consistory, subordi- 
nate to the Rev. Classls of Amsterdam. They resolved to make known their course 
by letter to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and gave domine Ritzema and domine 
De Ronde their freedom. 

Signed, in name of all, 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 



After this we read the letter to the Consistoi-y of New York, of the Rev. Classls, 
of July 21st, 1735, with no other effect, than that they remained by their previous 
resolution. Xow we conclude that the Rev. Consistory will write to the Classis, 
as we hear they have done already; but (since the contents of their letter are 
unknown to us, we can present nothing definite in our defence; but we can only 
conclude, in general, from their arguments presented to us, that the.v will present 
matters In a way which ought to be presented in another light. Because, 

I. They argue concerning us, [the Conferentle], as if we had gone outside our 
office and duty, and did these things on our own responsibility [without consulting 
with the Consistory.] 

1. This may be true in respect to the present Consistory, or at least some of 
them; but it is not entirely consistent with the truth; because the Rev. Consistory 
was from time to time well aware of our diflferences with the ministers of the 



OF THE State of Xinv York. 4019 

1765 
Coetus; and they have never been requested not to interfere with it, [the Coetus], 
but rather the contrary; yet this cannot be said of every member of the Consistory. 

2. We [the Conferentie] have usually met, indeed, without Elders, since the 
Coetus ceased to hold Assemblies which are legal, as before; for we saw no neces- 
sity for having elders present. We only came together to write a letter to the 
Classis and to give a general report of the condition of the Church. 

3. But when there was anything of importance, we then acted in concurrence 
with the Rev. Consistory, and asked them to meet with us. Of this we can give 
the surest proof, for in the last meeting, June 19th, 1764, the Consistory sent three 
Ministprs and Elders. [But see Aug. 12, 1760]. 

4. And even when any were asked to assist us, we felt it our duty, by virtue of 
our office, to maintain our Ecclesiastical laws against any who might try to violate 
them. 

II. Some of the Consistory have taken the liberty, to speak against us. They 
say that we only disputed in order to win; and that when we had gained a victory 
over the Coetus, we sought to oppress them; and that for this reason they would 
not join in the dispute with us, lest they should make the dissention in the land 
still greater. 

1. This is a calumny which we wish to deny immediately. We have never 
sought after anything else than to preserve the purity of the doctrine, and the 
Constitution of the Netherland Church. This we accepted and subscribed to, with 
all due formality. We stand against those who pretend to stand with us in the 
same Church relationship, and yet who are trying to bring in another condition, as 
has already appeared from all the proceedings. 

2. After many delays, and when we had experienced many difficulties, not with- 
out innumerable slanderings against us, we had the good fortune to have the truth 
come to light; and we now have reason to thank God, that he has blessed our work. 
Yet we are far from boasting about this, to the injury of others. We leave the 
others to themselves, even as the Rev. Classis has done;— those others, who do not 
wish to unite again with us; but we do not wish to take up anything against them, 
much less to injure them. 

3. It behooves us with the greatest propriety, to apply this principle to our own 
Consistory, in their present attitude: 

(1) They are oppressing their own Dutch Ministers, who for a long time have 
been made the butt of ridicule throughout the whole land. This has been caused 
by the Coetus Ministers: and now by their [Consistorial] action, we have been 
exposed to greater obloquy. 

(2) They are keeping up the dispute, and are making it more intense, which 
otherwise might now have come to an end. They are keeping those back who 
might have united with us, and are making it much more difficult for those min- 
isters who side with us, in their churches. For there is uo congregation where the 
Coetus ministers have not some who adliere to them; and we have ground for 
believing that this is already the case with some of the members in our [Con- 
ferentie] Consistory on Long Island. It Is such who have set this opposition on 
foot, so that their Elders were so slow to take part with us again in our last 
[Conferentie] Assembly. 

(3) They are setting themselves up as rulers; for they desire that all the con- 
gregations in which there arises any disputes, should bring these before them, and 
that they be settled by them. 

(4) We add to this the following: that we believe the Consistory would never 
have come to such a conclusion, if it had not been to please domine Laidlie, who 
expressed his affection somewhat too strongly in favor of the Independents, [the 
Coetus] ; nevertheless, he saw, with them, that if he refused to subordinate himself 
under the Classis, his call could be annulled. They, therefore, invented a subor- 
dination by which he could remain, without obeying the resolutions of the Assembly 
to which he is subordinate. 

III. They try to blame us, because we came too unexpectedly upon them with 
these proposals, [to appoint, foi*nially, ministers and elders to the Conferentie 
As.sembly] only the day previous to the meeting. This is simply an untruth. 
Nevertheless we admit it in respect to the entire Consistory: because. 



lirjd IvCt'LESIASTUAl- IU:<(t|{|.S 

1765 

1. I, (Inniliic HitBcinu. nflrr liavInK Cotiiiiiniilcii'ft] tin* ••oiit<-iHn of thoho lotlcTs 
n<liln-iui<Ml to me. to iiijr Colli-nKiH', !>•• Ilomlo. «l»r» inniintuiiratod them to those 
nicmtx-nt of our ronHltitory n ho nro most tiillniiilc wiili <'uI1»iikii<' I-hMIIo. niul who 
hnvr tlip JHont liilliHMxc with hlni. Thld wuh tlnrw In onWr tlmt ili*")- iiiIkIiI por- 
BiiRdc liln llrv. to null.- wKli nn, |ln the CnntiTfUtU'], for Iho wi-Ifiin' of onr own 
im well nK thr other •hnn-ln-s. Itiit hl» Kev. linn, nlnif Ihiit llm<-, kept hinmelf 
nItoKelher nioof from me. without ever glvhiK me the lenni opportunity to njniiU 
with him on thin matter; and then, on neconnt of hlx ahni-nee, nnd iiftcrw.ird the 
RhHonoe of Pe Honde, we were prevented from hohling n t'onolntory meeting con- 
cerning thiH huHlnesH jtrevlons to that time. 

'J. And plenty of reason l8 given iih to complain i.hoiit IIiIk matter. For Inon- 
mmli AH tliey persuaded ns to grant their deslrex to receive n mInlHter as our 
rolleaifuo. who was to preach In the EngllHli languiige, and according to the eight 
well-known Articles; they now tease us continually to violate those Artlclen, and 
thereliy make ourselves odious to the strictly Putch memhers, who are seeking 
their I supposed) rights against the Consistory hy a lawsuit. If it were necessary, 
all this cotild lie sulislantlated hy us, by the caiivassln;rs. In the elections for mem- 
bers of the Consistory, without our knowledge and according to their own pleaatire; 
and by their making resolutions among themselves, before they came to the Con- 
sistory meeting. These were then unanimotisly passed before we knew what was 
going on; and they were resolutions which tend to crush out the Dutch service In 
our midst, and to make the English service rise up In Its place. They even dare 
to use for this end, the properties deeded to the Dutch Church as such, for their 
own support; iiroportles which we hold by Charter from the King. 

IV. Does some one contemptuously ask, Wlio are these that belong to this 
"Subordinate Assembly"? Are not mos^t of them Germans? 

1. It must be admitted tliat some of them are of Gennan origin, yet there are 
only three who preach in the (Jerman language. [Uubel, Cock, Kern.] Kut these 
show that they are men of good order, and of a blameless walk. They were sent 
over by the Rev. Classls. One comes from the Consistory of Heidelberg. They 
ought not to be made any more contemptible, on account of their language, than 
a Scotchman. The German Church has also always stood in very close relation 
with the Netherland Church. This the Scotch has never done. 

2. From all this it is plain, that they are either entirely Ignorant of the customs 
of our Church Assemblies, subject to the Classls, or they intend to make it so, 
that in tlic future, the business cannot boar the light. 

V. Finally: Wo do not doubt but that the Rev. Consistory will deny what has 
been said by domine Ritzema, in reference to the above named Consistory meeting. 
When, upon the Consistory refusing to unite witli us, [the Conferentie] he asked: 
What must we now do? They answered me: Ministerial Friend, you can go [to 
that C-onferentle Assembly] if you please; you are already so deep in the mud, 
how will you ever get out of it? To this I only an.swered: Do you help me out 
of it! and I will thank you; for I have lieen a long time tired of this whole business. 
This I said with no other meaning than that I was constantly sustaining loss 
thereby in my own pocket-book. For it has generally been my lot to spend much 
valuable time in all these disputes, and with very little benefit; and especially now, 
since now I am obliged to struggle with my own Consistory, whereas formerly I 
had only to combat with those outside. 

This it is. Rev. Gentlemen, which we had to communicate to your Revs, con- 
cerning the situation of our congregation, in order that your Revs, might be able 
to judge correctly concerning the letter written by our Consistory. And to this 
end, we pray your Revs, to read over again the letters from our Consistory as well 
as those of the Rev. Classis, to which reference has been made above. This will 
surely give .some light on all these matters. 

The time is now too short to give the Minutes of our last [Conferentie] Assembly 
in full, [Oct. 8-10, ITC.j] with the accompanying letter, [Oct. 22, 17C.5]. This we 
hope to do the nest time. However we must here mention tlie danger in which 
our Church now is. This has already been mentioned by our Colleague, De Ronde, 
in his letter to the Rev. John Kalkoen, which is accompanied with an earnest 
request, to bring, if possible, the proposed plans of liis Rev. into effect. 



OF THE State of New York. 4021 

With this we sign ourselves, with the utmost respect and reverence, Right Rev. 
Sirs, Fathers and Brethren in Christ, 

Your Right Rev. D. W. Servants and Brethren, 

John Rltzema, V. D. M. Neo-Eboracensis. 
Lauibertus De Ronde, V. D. M. 
New Yorlj, Oct. 29th, 176.5. 

N. B. If your Revs, do not yet think it proper to drop the names of the so-called 
Coetus Ministers from the Ministerial Book, we nevertheless request that the names 
of ministers deceased, and those who are not recognized by the Rev. Classis, should 
at least be taken out. These are George W. Mancius, deed: B. Meinema; Johan. 
Maurits Goetschius; Jak. Van Nist; and that Gerrit Lydekker be entered as a 
candidate. 



Church of ISTew York. 

New York, October .31st, 1765. 
Consistory held after calling on God's name. 
Six deeds of vaults sold were signed and sealed. 
Signed etc., 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

(These were under and about the Cedar st. church, along Nassau st. The writer 
well remembers these surroundings, before the church became the Post-offlce in 
1844.— E. T. C.) 



D. Testimony of the Consistory of Kingston Concerning 
THE Occurrences in the Consistoey Meeting on Nov. 11, 
1765. 

The Consistoiy of Kingston being assembled in the Consistory Room on the 18th 
of Nov. 176.0 and prayer to God having been offered the occurrences which hap- 
pened in our former meeting of the 11th of this month were mentioned. And since 
at that time some things were said which in the judgment of the Consistory ought 
to be recorded. Do. Meyer was asked if he would make the record and since he 
not only returned his refusal to this request but also refused to take the vote of 
the Consistory upon the subject Cornells Persen as the oldest Elder took the vote, 
and It was unanimously resolved that the record should be made. 

The circumstances alluded to as happening in the Consistory on the 11th of this 
month were as follows. A letter having been received from the Ministers in New 
York under the Classis of Amsterdam, signed by Do. Ritzema, President and Do. 
De Ronde, Clerk, and addressed to Do. Meyer— and this letter having been read by 
Do. Meyer some remarks were then made to this effect. In speaking on the sub- 
ject of Subordination, Do. Meyer was asked if he would acknowledge or consent to 
no Subordination to the Classis of Amsterdam. And bis reply was. No. Nor to 
any other Classis in Holland; but that when there was necessity for it he would 
advise and Correspond with the Professors who had sent him.— And if the Churches 
would unite and erect a Classis here he would willingly acknowledge its jurisdiction. 

Do. Meyer also said that the Subordination, as it existed here, savored much of 
the spirit of I'opery— And being asked by his Consistory to show wherein the 
similarity consisted, he explained by saying:— That the Pope pretended that his 
power, in Ecclesiastical matters, extended over the whole world; and just so the 
Classis of Amsterdam, not content with her jurisdiction in Holland, labored to 
extend it hither. 

In the second place. Do. Meyer said that Drunkards and those lying under cen- 
sure on that account, were admitted to seats in that Convention. 

And thirdly, he laid the disturbances in the Congregation to the charge of the 
Consistory— Saying— " you keep the Congregation In darkness. Only tell them that 



1765 



17G5 



inL'2 Kcri.icsiASTK'AT, RKt^inns 

yoii hnvp «loiio nil yrni onii, niid tliiit now you know of notlihiK furllicr, tlmt ©nn b* 
dono nud thoy will noon ho qnli-t." and "If you know of iiny tiling rise to do — 
do It." 

Slgnod l>y mo liy nnli r of llif ConsUtory of KlnuKton. 

rornollR rcrson, Senior Kldor. 



Kkv. I!. Mkvkic to Tin-: IIkv. Mkssus. JJitzkma and Hi: KoNni;, 
X()\ iMitKR 115, 1705. 

Itfv. Sirs and nrctLrcn: 

The lottcr of your H(v>. ..i iIj.' JTlli of October of this ypsir. lins bo'ii duly 
rcoolvod. 1 was ninrli astonished to see that tliat letter was dlrceled to our entire 
Consistory, although Its eon tents related to mo alone. 

I was still more astonished to see that your Uevs. have taken It upon yourselves 
to Interfere in the differences between me and my Consistory, and to pass Judg- 
ment on our affairs, when your Uevs. were not requested to do so,— not at least 
by me; and were still less .'icfiuainted with my wishes and actions. Most of all, 
however, 1 was astonished to see that your I{evs. lent a hand to those, about whom 
you yourselves write, that they are only laboring to get rid of me. Still, more, 
your Uevs. declare that my congregation belongs to you, and you set up yourselves 
as judges and authorities over me. You even endeavor to force me under threats 
of using other means against me, viz. an ecclesiastical power which I cannot 
recognize, and against which my soul rebels. 

Can It be, under the supposition that your Revs, had a right to tliriist yourselves 
into our affairs, that the ma.xini still found in civil courts is no longer used in 
ecclesiastical assemblies, viz., "Audi et alteram partem." 

But I need not speak of this. On the contrary, I have reason to ask. Who made 
you judges over me? Whence do you derive the power to usuri> dominion over me? 
Is it from the Word of God? This cannot be, for Jesus is against it. Mat. 20:25; 
. . . .22. Is it from the Church Order? Neither can this be so, for that holds only 
according to the Word of God, that not any church or minister shall exercise 
dominion over other churches or ministers, Art. 84. Is it on the strength of any 
agreement between you and me? It cannot be. For however much that has been 
sought. Divine Providence has hindered it up to the present time. 

Is it on the strength of any other dependence, on my part, upon your Revs.? 
Even such a dependence is unknown to me, because I was not even called by your 
Revs., nor sent by you. I was called and sent by the Highly Rev. Theological 
Faculty of Gronlngen, upheld by the Highly Rev. Synod of Gronlngon. 

What ground do you have then, my lords! to assume such power over me, as you 
have done in your letter? Indeed, my lords, allow me to go further, and to ask 
you what ground you have to act toward me against the Divine commandments? 
1 suppose (you thus act) to strengthen the hands of those, of whom you yourselves 
write that they are laboring to get rid of me. Yet I have the testimony in my 
soul, and I may, at least boast in all humility, that I have the testimony of pious 
men, that I was called in a remarkable way, and that only few such calls are made 
in the Netherlands. If I were accused of error in doctrine or life, were such things 
publicly known, or could they be clearly proved, you might then have reason to 
afford aid to those who seek to get rid of me. 

Oh that in such case men might have the conscience not to labor against God's 
ser\-ants, much less not to threaten to put them out of the ministrj', lest they 
become guilty of the same sin as the Jewish Council, Acts, 4. 

The flame of division is even now burning too brightly in our churches, so that 
we should not try to drag other ministers into it. This is also one of the reasons 
why I do not feel inclined to meddle, for the present, with any party, even were 
it not contrary to my feelings and my conscience. I have made a firm resolution 
to keep out of these differences. This is according to the advice of the late Prof. 
Gerdes, as well as the advice and example of other congregations and ministers. 
By this means both myself .nnd my congregation, if I am right, will enjoy the 
greatest peace, d jh'I iIjus) iIk- ml her, becanso evf>ii without that (ecclesiastical 



OF THE State of New York. 4023 

1765 

connection with parties liere,) enough ways exist to retain our congregations, and 
to govern them, under our own Church Order. 

My multiplied endeavors have been directed to this end, although they have been 
rendered nugatory through others. For I myself, at least, find the work of an 
evangelist so Important and useful, that I think that we need not unite with other 
agencies which may only lead to harm and destruction. 

If I found it proper, and myself under obligations to render an account of my 
doings to your Revs, I would do it. But I fail to see ray obligation because I am 
neither a member of your Assembly, nor subordinate to it. I will, however, 
declare this to you, which I hope your Revs, will not take amiss, viz. that necessity 
is laid upon me by you, to seek assistance with (from?) the other minister.s and 
consistories of New York, (the Pi'ovince,) because you employ threats, and under- 
take things against me, which are unbecoming, and detrimental both to myself and 
my congregation. My aim is to see whether they cannot find means to release me 
from unnecessary and harmful anxiety, and to spare you the trouble of adopting 
other measures with me which might in no way be pleasant to me. 

I, on my part, at least, give you hereby a full discharge. I also not only give 
you liberty, but request you most earnestly, to spare your Revs, all further trouble 
concerning me. 

Meanwhile your Revs, might employ your powers to better purposes. I suppose 
there is work enough for you in your own congregations: for the faithful, indus- 
trious and blessed execution of which, I wish you the grace of the Lord. This 
being so, I sign myself. 

Most Rev. Sirs and Brethren, 

Your Revs, obedient servant and brother, 

H. :\Ieyer. 
Kingston, Nov. 13, 1765. 

To the Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde. 



Church of ISTew York. 
Address to Governor Moore. 
To His Excellency, 
Sir Henry Moore, Baronet, Captain-General and Governor-in- 
chief in, and over the colony of 'New York and the Territories 
depending thereon, in America, Chancellor and Vice-Admiral 
of the same : 

The humble address of the Ministers, Elders and Deacons of 
the Eeformed Protestant Dutch Church of the City, of ISTew 
York, 

May it please your Excellency : — 

We his Majesty's most faithful and loyal subjects, the Minis- 
ters, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch 
Church of the City of New York, beg leave wath the greatest sin- 
cerity to congratulate your Excellency on your safe arrival in this 
colony, to the government of which you are appointed by our 
Most Gracious Sovereign. 



nn'l KccLEsiASTicAi, Rkcoiids 

1705 

I'cnnit us. Sir, to assuro you of our ardont wislirs and ])mycrs 
that, tlio same Providonco wliicl) has safely conducted your person 
and family through the perils and dangers of a tempestuous 
ocean, may continue to smile on yourself, your connections, and 
your administration. 

\Ve Ix^g leave to mention to your Excellency that v>c have alwajT?, 
and we hope, not undeservedly, been esteemed dutiful and loyal 
subjects to his Majesty and his Royal Predecessors, under whose 
auspicious government, besides the fullest protection of our 
religious rights and privileges, we have been distinguished with 
particular marks of the Royal favor. 

Influenced by a just sense of these, we shall continue to ex- 
press our gratitude, not in i)rofessions of loyalty only, but by a 
strictly correspondent behavior. 

As we flatter ourselves ^^nth an assurance of your Excellency's 
continuance and protection, so we are content it should be 
measured to us by our loyalty to the King, and our obedience to 
those to whose care and administration of government in this 
Colony is committed. 

Signed by order of the Consistory, 

Joannes Ritzema, V. D. M. p. t. Pres. 
Consistory Chamber, City of New York, 
November 20, 176.5. 



To Avhich address His Excellency was pleased to return the fol- 
lo'U'ing answer. 
Gentlemen : — 

I return you many thanks for your congi-atulations on my ar- 
rival here, and your ardent wishes for the success of mj adminis- 
tration. My duty to his Majesty, my regard for the interest of 
the Province, and the principles in which I have been educated, 
will always oblige me to avoid every act which can have the least 
tendency to the infringement of any civil or religious rights, and 
you may rely on that continuance and protection you have already 
experienced under my predecessors in this government. 



OF THE State of New York. 4025 

1765 

Eevs Ritze&ia and De Ronde to the Consistory of Kingston, 
ISi". y. December 3, 1765. 

To the Consistoi-y of Kicgston. 
Worthy Brethren:— 

We had learued before the receipt of your letter and that of Mr. Joh. Wynkoop 
that the state of your Church was nothing better but rather worse than it had 
been; in what we last wrote to Do. Meyer and in all that we have done in this 
matter, we have sought to show to every impartial person that we have acted from 
the single desire of the welfare of Do. Meyer and your Church. But Do. Meyer 
instead of acknowledging with thankfulness our labor of love now conies out as an 
open mocker of our attempts. For this reason wc have thought best to send our 
last letter to him and the Consistory with his original reply to the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam, as we have done within the past week. (Copies of the same have been 
taken for ourselves; these we consider it [un?] necessary to send to you, as it would 
answer no useful purpose.) We have taken this course because he has shown him- 
self a mocker at good order and thus has made himself unworthy of our farther 
efforts in his behalf. 

But Bi-ethren what reply shall we make to your letter? We see this difficulty 
which you have in your Church; we know, that matters vrith you, are not in 
that state of order which we would have prevail among you— and if you proceed 
to farther steps, you also know, that we here are not able to render that assistance 
which we gladly would; since those who should have stood by us have so conducted 
toward us as to offer our enemies an opportunity of falling upon us like wolves. If 
you eniploy the sers'ices of Do. Rysdyk according to the advice of Do. Pryenmoet 
you bring him under the same circumstances in which Do. Cock was lately placed 
by your means, and you will perhaps be the means of great injury to him in his 
own Church, which otherwise seems at present in a promising way to triumph over 
that little faction, which cnlls itself the Coetus, among those where he lives. 

In reference to Do. Meyer the truth seems to be that he is not Pope in Kingston, 
but a Minister, under the Consistory, and subject to its censure whenever his con- 
duct tends otherwise than to the edification of the Church. Now among the sins 
mentioned in the SO Art. as subjecting a Minister to censure, is that of making an 
open schism in the Church. And that Do. Meyer has been guilty of this sin is as 
clear as the day since he i-efused to join the Convention which the Classis and the 
Synod acknowledged and to which your Church had always been subordinate. Does 
not that Constitute open schism? Does not that interfere with the edification of 
your Church? And are not you as the overseers of the Church bound to promote 
this? Or has your Minister the right and the power to remove all established 
landmarks? Let his Professors and the Synod of Groningen upon whom he calls, 
let them help him if they can; we with the whole Classis and Synod of North Hol- 
land will dispute his right of lording it thus over God's heritage and compelling 
the Church to dance as he may pipe. Under these circumstances it is proper for 
you to know what is necessary for your Church, and to maintain the rights which 
belong to you (and this is the expression which at the request of the Church was 
fortunately introduced in his Call.) There are other things besides which we can- 
not now mention; but it becomes you to act in this matter like men. At the same 
time those who might be expected to render their assistance, viz.. Do. Fryenmoet 
and Cock cannot refuse to do so with propriety. Besides we instruct you that 
whenever you may execute the sentence of censure, and call upon the neighboring 
ministers to supply your pulpit during the period for which it may be Inflicted, it 
is proper for Do. Rysdyk to take his part but not before all the others have offi- 
ciated: we ourselves would not decline to render our sciwices were not the dis- 
tance to great as to make this inconvenient and even Impossible. 

Such Brethren is our advice to you in your present unpleasant circumstances. 
If you see fit before acting upon it to communicate it to your neighboring brethren, 
we have no objection; If not, we implore for you all necessary heavenly wisdom 
and grace, while we subscribe ourselves, worthy brethren, with much respect, your 
obedient servants, 

J. Ritzema 
New York, Dec. 3, 1765. Lambertus De Ronde. 

Ill 



KiL'il EcCLKSiASTir.vr, l{i:<(<iU'S 

1705 

OrnK.i: Itf.ms in iTt'iT). 

Jan. S. Kov. T. I'.rown to Sir Win. .lolmsni,. ])nc. Hist. 
K. v., 4to. (..].. TV. 221. 

Man-li 2s. IIc'V. Wlioolork to Sir Win. J..lm.'-nii. Doc. Ili-st. 
K. y. TV. 222. • 

April 2!>. T^ov. Wlioclnok's Addrosfi to Tiulian Cliiofs. Doc. 
ITi.<=t. X. V. TV. 22:i. 

April 20. Rov. Wlicolock to Sir Win. Jolmson. T)oo. ITist. 
X. Y. IV. 220. 

Juno 17. Ixev. T\irtlancl to Sir Wm. Johnson. T)oc. IILst. 
N. Y. IV. 227. 

Oct. 21. Rev. Wlioclock to Sir Win. Jolin!^)n. Doc. Hist. 
X. Y. IV. 22R. 

Nov. 7. Sir Wni. Johnson, to Rev. Barton. Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
IV. 228. 

Dec. 20. Episcopal Chnrch of Schenectady desire a Charter. 
Doc. Hist. X. Y. IV. 229. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Letters. 

1766, Jan. 14th. Art. 4 ad Art. 2, of Classis of Dec. 17, 1765. 
The Deputies ad res Exteras report that they had received letters 
from Rev. Ritzema, dated September 10, 1765. Erom Rev. 
Lambertus de Ronde, they had received two letters, one to the 
Classis, and one to Rev. Kalkoen, dated September 9, 1765, to- 
gether -with an enclosure in defence of said Rev. de Ronde. 

Also one from the Consistory of ISTew York, of October 26, 
1765, si^ed by six elders and eight deacons. In this was a 
letter enclosed from Rev. Ladner, (Laidlie,) dated October 28, 
1765. 

Also one from Rev. Ritzema to the Classis dated October 29, 
1765. 

Also one from Rev. de Ronde, dated with enclosures, 

from a committee of three appointed by the Dutch party, dated 
October 23, 1765, to the Classis, and to Rev. Kalkoen, containing 
further explanations of what is mentioned in the letter to Classis. 



OF THE State of New York. 4027 

1766 

Moreover they report that on October 18, 1765, they had 
learned from the Directors of the Assembly of the xvii (of the 
East India Company) as to their deliberations and resolutions con- 
cerning their memorial, which had been handed over and ad- 
stueerde in the earlier part of that year, in order to provide the 
Indian Churches with more ministers and also capable ones, and 
the following was told them by the mouth of the President of that 
Assembly (of the xvii) : 

1. That the plan as handed in by our Classis, in the name of the 
Synod, did not please them, and therefore they rejected it. 

(1). Because to erect such a Seminary (at Batavia?) would be 
a permanent affair (continuous expense) and to this the Com- 
pany cannot submit itself. 

(2). That they feared that at times they would see no result 
of th)e expenses incurred; for some who pledged themselves in 
their minority, when they had received promotion, and became 
candidates, would get an opportunity and accept it, of securing a 
settlement here in this country. 

2. That they would prefer to bring themselves to offer a larger 
honorarium, [doucev.r'] to him who would give himself to the 
service of the Indian churches ; and that an advertisement should 
be placed in the " Boekzaal," [a monthly church publication] so 
that it might be known — as this is done in regard to other places — 
that there was a vacancy, and on what conditions this vacancy 
could be profitably taken up. 

The Deputies had asked [the Directors] whether it were per- 
mitted th)em to bring in their objections to this ; or whether Clas- 
sis and Synod must abide thereby. The answer was that this 
resolution had been " resumed " and could not be altered. It was 
then asked, Avhat sort of a honorarium [douceur^ it would be, so 
as to inform thos/e who might inquire? The answer was that 
whenever the Messrs. Directors knew of any vacancy, they would 
cause to be published in the " Boekzaal," on what conditions the 
service in the [East] Indies was offered. Finally, the Deputies 
ad res Exteras requested a copy of these resolutions, but their re- 
quest was politely [lit. amicably] declined, xiv. 56, 57. 



•102S EcCLESiASTHwi. HncoRDs 

1760 



.New York, \>cc. a. 17rt' 



riirRcii OK New Youk. 
The ]lari>on<ling lot,-*. 

New York, Jiinimry 22, ITrtC. 



(Vinnlffory hold nflor ctIIIhk on Ood'H iinnio. 

1. Rrnolvotl tlint four loin on flio Hiiri'f^ndlnj: KrouiulH, Nob. 02. PI. 00. nn«l 81) 
ho held frc<', niKl Hint four boti.MOH bo Imllt tlxroon, enrli twenty feet wltlo nnd 
thirty-two feet deep .nnd two stories IiIkIi, froiitliiK on Wllllnm street. Also that 
Mm. Caroo ran remain In her house this year. 

2. Mr. I>e IVyster was authorized to lonse the corner where Wheeler lives to 
the highest bidder; also the hou.se where Catherine Ultten Bognrt Inst lived. 

Signed etc., 

J. Ultzema. p. t. President. 

Acts of the Deputies. About Jan. 1706. 
Revs. Rltzcma and De Rondo of ]^ow York to tlio Classis of 
ibustordam, Oct. 22, 1705.— Vol. 33, page 00. Xo. 371. 
(Extracts.) 

A letter from New York, written, Nov. [Oct. 22?] 22, 170.",, by Revs. Rltzema 
and De Konde; accompanying which are sent the minutes of their (f'onferentle) 
Assembly, showing who arc with them, and what business came before them. 

Rev. (Cornelius) Blauw, Indeed, did not appear, but excused himself, because his 
Rev. had not received the notification In time, and was, besides, prevented by an 
Inflammation of the throat. 

They would have had a peaceful meeting. If they had not been disturbed by those 
who are willing, indeed, to remain In connection with the Nctherland Church, but 
not with the Coetus; wanting to keep everything on the old footing; for which the 
New York Consistory largely gave the occasion. 

They send us the original letters from Revs. Samuel Verbryck and Hermanns 
Meyer, together with a copy of their letter to Rev. Meyer. In the letters of those 
gentlemen the spirit of Independence clearly manifests itself. Wherefore, they 
urge again, and at some length that, through the Civil Commissioners In the Synod, 
the Ambassador of the States General at the Court of Great Britain be Induced to 
bring about that they shall be protected In their privileges, liberties and property, 
etc. 

Further they thank the Classls very much for their trouble and care. They are 
Btlll waiting for the ministers, Boelen and Omilent, (?), while they praise Rev. 
Rysdyk very highly. They close with congratulations and regards. 

According to the minutes of the (Conferentle) Assembly held at New York, Oct. 
8, 9, and 10, 1705, signed in the name of all, by Rev. Rltzema, President, and Rev. 
De Ronde, Scribe, the meeting was opened with prayer by Rev. Rltzcma; and the 
letters from the Classls, (to the Conferentle) of Feb. 4 and May 23, 176.j; also a 
copy of our letter of .7une 3, to the Coetus, were read to their great satisfaction. 

The student, Garret Lydekker, asked to be examined, In name of the C'lasslS. 
This the Rev. Rltzcma was commissioned to do on Oct. 10. 

The Assembly of the Ministers and Elders who are In connection with the Classls 
of Amsterdam, consist of the following: 
Rev. J. Rltzema 
" L. De Rondo 
" John Schuller 
*' Ulplanus Van SInderen 
" J. Caspar Rubel 
i " Casparus Freycnmoet 

Benjamin '\'an der Linden 
Gerard Daniel Cock 
Michael Kern 
Isaak Rysdyk 



Ministers. 



OF THE State op New York. 4029 

1766 

Reynler Van Giesen 
Jeremlas Van der Bilt 
Rem Remsen 
Pieter Vosburg 
David Terlieun 
J Pieter Sclierp 
Hendrik Wydeman (Whytman) 
Isaak Brinkerhofif 
Jurje Snyder, of Stissing 
Corn. Pausen (Peerson), of Kingston 

Martin de la Metere and Johan. Blauwveld, delegates from Marbletown 
and Tappan. 



Reply was made to the letter of the Church of Marbletown complaining about the 
sad dissension caused by those who take the part of the Co€tus; to the effect that 
the Church should tirst try to get possession of the House of Worship, according 
to its legal right, and then take counsel thereon with the nearest ministers. 

At the session of Oct. 9, was read the Heading of the Fundamental Articles and 
Rules for the Assembly belonging to the Classis, and these were signed anew by 
those present as Elders and Ministers now constituting that Assembly.* 

In reference to the case of Tappan, as against Rev. Verbryck, a committee was 
appointed. 

It was unanimously resolved that the letter of the Classis to the Coetus (of June 
3, 1765) should be printed; 600 copies in Dutch and 400 in English. 

The case of Rev. Van Hoevenbergh was commended to the investigation of the 
neighboring ministers. 

On the sad condition of affairs at Kingston, through the position of their min- 
ister, Meyer, it was decided that his Rev. should once more be written to; and, 
in case that did not help, the whole matter would be laid before the Classis, with 
the request for their final decision; with a proposal to the Rev. Classis of the only- 
means, which, it is thought may yet serve to preserve the privileges of the Church. 
This was left to the President and Scribe. 

At the session of Oct. 10, the student, Leydekker, after preaching a trial-sermon 
from Ps. 145,3, was examined in Greek on John 1; in Hebrew on Psalm 1, and then 
in Sacred Theology; and was thereupon admitted to the preaching of the Holy 
Gospel. 

Further the (Conferentie) Assembly judged, that amid all the confusion and 
opposition, caused by the Coetus, it would be best, following the steps of the 
Classis, to have as little as possible to do with that body; to see to it that those 
who desire assistance be aided by word and deed; and thus to convince others of 
the sole aim of the Assembly to preserve the pure doctrine and good order of the 
Netherland Church. 

And thus the Assembly closed with thanksgiving and prayer for blessing in a 
fraternal spirit. 



Opponents of English preaching in ISTew York to the Chissis of 
ibnsterdam, October 23, 1765. VoL 33, Page 95. l^o. 368. 

(Extracts.) 

Letters were received from New York, dated Oct. 23, 1765, signed by Abel Harden- 
brofk, Jacobus Stoutenbergh and Huybert Van Wagenen, as Commissioners of the 
Dutch party. They write to the Classis : 

I. Stating In what a sad condition their affairs are ; and ask earnestly for our 
assistance. They deplore the fact, that things are in such a way as descrilied in the 
letters of Upvs. Ritzema and De Ronde, and add a few things to them, here and 
there. They complain particularly about Rev. Ritzema himself, on account of his 

•This Conferentie party, having in their possession the Coetus Minute Book, now 
signed their names as given in this Document, in said Book, as if they constituted 
the real and original Coetus.— Minute Book in Synodlcal Archives. 



roG 

inKlnccrlly townrd tliom In llio mntlor of proloHts. I'pon hlH owu ndvlro (liey hnJ 
proi»<>ntCHl thpiw to the ConHlHtor.v. Tlioy nltw complnin about Upv. I.nldllo IIIcpwIbo, 
who «t flrnt (M»om«Hl to tnko n dlfforont Blnnd ; but nf|prwnr«1n tiirnocl ontlrely nhout. 
ny our help, Ih^y arc nooklnK also to havo recourse to our Ambnunndor In F-^nnland. 
They send two printed booklets, to set forth more clenrly their mind and iiller- 
ances ; and how, as they think, matters ought to be in the Church. (They write 
also) 

II. To Rev. Knikoen, that their opponents have sent for a second English minister; 
that this is in direct conflict wllli the KIglith Articles agreed to. In uppoHltlon to 
these ArllcleR, tlie English minister has also proposed to build n school, upon the 
land given for the Dutch mInlsterH. who are to be always two In number, as against 
one English minister, according to those same Eighth Articles. Tliat the English 
minister has Invited from Scotland a ni-pbew of his to bo Hchoolmnnter, although 
there are plenty of schoolmasters in New York, and therefore, his object must 
simply bo. as some think, to make a candidate of him there, and then to work him 
Into the ministry. 

They also ask, that, when wo write to them, the letters be addressed to Thomas 
Van Dell, merchant at New York ; because the letters would otherwise be copied, 
and the report spread through the city, that they had been defeated by the 
Classls, etc. 



JIqy. Archibald Laidlie to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 20, 1705. 
Vol. 33. Page 94, Xo. 360. 

(Extracts.) 

With the above letter was inclo.sed a letter in English, from Rev. Archibald 
T-aldlie, signed Oct. 26, 176.5. This, besides an elaborate salutation at the beginning 
,nnd at the close of the letter, contains the statement that his Kev. had received our 
letter of Feb. 4; and that it was possible that his silence had given unjust occasion 
to others to misinterpret his conduct. His Rev. explains, however, that, when he 
was ordained at Amsterdam, he had, as the Classis required, promised to maintain 
the correspondence, as appears from the Acts of the Classis, Dec. 5, 1763; but he 
could not recollect that they had talked with him about the dissensions In the 
Dutch churclies of America, save in a general way ; and that the Classis had not 
Instructed him as to what party he should belong to ; and, therefore, he thought 
himself free. 

His Rev. did on his arrival, find dissensions existing: but, in order not to magnify 
them, as they kept increasing, ho stated to the different parties, in accordance with 
the plain rules of prudence, and the sentiments of many of his friends, that he 
was thoroughly convinced, and he judged it to be his duty, not to join any of the 
contending parties ; but he would maintain a necessary correspondence with the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam as had been done before the organization of any of these 
Assemblies. His reasons were : He was a stranger, and therefore unacquainted 
with these affairs. 

He had been duly informed that for him to choose either party, would only 
strengthen the divisions in his own church ; while to remain neutral might bring 
about unity. 

He had been confirmed in his views as to the. action of the Eiders and Deacons, 
in the Consistory, Oct. 7. 17G5. This appears from their letter to us; when there 
was also read to him a letter which had been written to us some years at'o, and 
was in exact accord with his views. This action, also agreed perfectly with the 
sentiments of the Consistory at the time when the Coetus was broken up. 

His Rev. asks to be excused, for writing in English, etc. 



OF THE State of New York. 4031 

Eev. De Eonde to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 29, 1765. — 
Vol. 33, page 99; 'No. 367. This one, and Nos. 368, 369, and 
371 are also answered under 160. 

(Extracts.) 

A letter from Rev. De Ronde dated Oct. 29, 1765 at New York. In this his 
Rev. declares that our letters have had no efEect, inasmuch as the separated mem- 
bers [the Coetus] are being strengthened by Rev. Laidlie ; that the New York 
Consistory is willing, indeed, to correspond with the Classis, but not to be sub- 
ordinated to it ; thus permitting it to do anything that it sees fit ; to bear the name 
of the Chui-ch of the Fatherland, while being in fact independent. 

That the large " New Dutch Church " is, inside and out, most sumptuously fitted 
up, while the old building is left to decay, just for the purpose of having the upper- 
hand. That his (de Ronde's) preaching in English is treated with ridicule, not- 
withstanding the fact that special meetings even of the inexperienced, are allowed ; 
and inconsistency is shown, in that his Rev's, preaching the Gospel in English, 
at the Poor-house, by request of its managers is not objected to. 

That, inasmuch as his Majesty, George II, has given more than one Charter to 
the Church there [rather, amendments to the Charter], for the further ratification 
of the liberties of the church, agreeably to the Church Order of Dordrecht, 1618 
and 1619, a proper enforcement [applicatie] therefore should be made, by exhibiting 
to the Ambassador of England, [in Holland] the infringement on their [the Dutch 
Church's] Constitutional liberties. His Majesty would, no doubt then order that 
the Constitution be observed, particularly in that point of subordination to the 
Classis and the Synod. Otherwise, one will be likely to see the Church become 
independent, and the pure doctrine will degenerate ; while nevertheless, the Dutch 
Churches are the faithful subjects of the British Crown, and the independents are 
known to be disposed to rebellion, etc. 

Acts of Deputies. About May, 1766. 
Eev. Warmoldus Kuypers of Curacoa, to the Classis of Amster- 
dam, Feb. 1, 1766. Vol. 33, page 98. No. 373. 

(Extracts.) 
A letter from Curacoa, Feb. 1, 1766, signed by Rev. Warmoldus Kuypei-s: 

He reports that Rev. Wildrik preached his farewell from 2 Thess. 3 : 4-6, on 
Oct. 22, 1765, to go to St. Eustatius. 

He says that he has taken charge of the entire service since that time, and that 
he had written to the Messrs. Directors for the full salary, the same as his colleague 
had in former years, and requests our recommendations to that end. 

He desires, indeed, to keep up the correspondence (with the Classis), but com- 
plains, that although he has written many times, yet without ever receiving an 
answer ; he therefore concludes that his letters did not reach their destination. 

He complains about the fruitlessness of his ministry, and the wild nature of 
the people there. He will not neglect to do his duty, however, but will continue, 
In season and out of season. He asks to that end, our prayers, and hopes for 
strength for the performance of his work as well as a blessing upon it; and closes 
with hearty congratulations. 

Church of ISTew York. 
Payment for musical type. Eepairs of Old Church. 

New York, February 2, 1766. 

Consistory held after calling on God's name. 

1. Two letters were produced from Mr. Daniel Crommelin, merchant at Amsterdam, 
of the same contents, containing the account and payment for the music notes, In 
the sum of 595 guilders, etc. 



1766 



1700 



40;!li ECCLKMIASTICAL ItlCCOIUiH 

2. IIcruImmI, Tlint lli<« fild ("htirch l>o rcjinlrwl and llic old srjitK l)c rcmovod with 
tho floor, thnt nn onliro noild door 1m» laid and fiirnUhod with Hcat«, and that 
hrnrr-forth nn moro dmd Rli.ill W hiirlnd tlioro. Kiirllipr IIk- Tr>wor hIuiII bo repaired 
In the br»t manner, and In plnco of the ol<l glaaa, cliorcjiioH nhnll Ix' put. 

I-. dc Hondo, y t. rroKldrDt. 



C. Chakges of the Chukch or Kingston Delivered to tub 
CoxsisTouY, Few. 3, 17CG. 

To tlio Convrntlon etc. 

Wo the undersigned nieml)erH of the Chnreh of Kingston as above named, being 
anxloiis to be siiliordinate In a becoming manner to the Ucv. ClasBln of AinHterdam 
in accordnnce with the Constitution of the Netherlands Keformed f'hiirch — and 
being desirous to continue >inder the wholesome laws and constitution of that Church 
as our fathers from the first have done and as we also until the coming of our 
present minister Hermanus Meyer thot to have done without opposition, on account 
of this desire principally to our sincere regret have been brought by this means Into 
a state of sad decline. So far Indeed hiivc things gone that In sincerity we are 
compelled to testify our convictions that in the following particulars he has so 
misconducted as to make himself unworthy of the respect of his congregation and 
a source of Injury to the Church of God. 

Namely — In the contempt and disregard of the brotherly and Ecclesiastical advice 
of his Consistory in particular cases as well as In general — and besides in breaking 
his promise to act in concert with his Consistory In matters of Importance which 
concerned the peace and well being of our Church — and further In contemptuously 
disregarding the request of his Consistory that he together with the Church would 
acknowledge a proper subordination to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, notwith- 
standing that many efforts were made and many arguments urged to effect his 
compliance; indeed the very request and prayer of the Classis together with the 
resolution of the Rev. Synod of North Holland In accordance with the same were 
presented to him. In connexion with his obligation to conform to them : — yet he has 
obstinately despised them all. 

The concurrence of these things has occasioned among us dlssentlon hatred envy 
and Indeed a very schism In the Church by means of which the preaching of our 
precious religion has almost grown into contempt, and It seems almost hopeless 
to attempt to restore It since all the means hitherto employed for Its restoration 
appear to have been without effect. In evidence of this; — it Is now more than a 
year since this Consistory found it to be their ofliclal duty (since thoy could do 
nothing else) to have the difference between their Domlne and themselves subjected 
to Ecclesiastical action. Accordingly they made a complaint to Dos. J. C. Fryen- 
moet and G. D. Cock as the nearest ministers on accouut of whi^-h they came to 
our Church to make an enquiry into the same ; but after endeavoring to restore 
peace and prosperity they found the undertaking so hopeless that they could do 
nothing else than listen to the charges of the Church against Do. Meyer according 
to ecclesiastical usage and at the conclusion (testifying that they conscientiously 
regarded It as their duty) pronounce him worthy of censure, though for weighty 
and wise reasons the execution of the sentence was postponed ; and now It has been 
delayed so long in consequence of the sad division of the Ministers of this Country 
and the light In which oath of allegiance is regarded, that we can expect nothing 
from It ; at least we Imow of no redress from that quarter. 

In addition to these things we consider what has recently happened In connexion 
with a letter of Dos. Ritzema and De Ronde sent to him on the 9th of Oct. last 
by order of the Convention of Ministers and Elders under the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam ; — in which the particulars of his misbehavior toward his Church were 
clearly pointed out to him, and he was affectionately urged to return to his duty 
in seeking concert of feeling with his Church ; while he was warned again.st the 
sad consequences which would follow If he should obstinately persevere in his 
present course — we consider how designedly contemptuous was his answer to this 
letter, not only to Do. Ritzema but to the whole Convention assembled at New 
York and even to his own Consistory, and how he was not ashamed to use violent 



OF THE State of Xeav York. 



4033 



1766 



expressions against the Rev. Classis of Amstenlam, expressions which we are not 
willing to quote in this place. 

We consider still farther the words of his Call running thus : — That he more- 
over will do all that an earnest faithful servant of Jesus Christ is bound to do. 
In accordance with God's Word and the laws of_the Churches as ordained by the 
Synod of Dort and commonly approved by us. We will not say how far such 
things as have been narrated above accord with the demand that " he shall do all 
that an earnest faithful servant of Jesus Christ is bound to do," or how far in our 
opinion they fall short. Of this we will leave others to judge. 

Having thus made icnown to you in part our present sad situation, and looking 
to you as under God the most direct instrumentality through which by means of 
Ecclesiastical action we can expect help and deliverance, we address to you our 
petition, with our earnest hope and prayer, that you will be pleased to take the 
necessary steps in accordance with God's Word and the laws of the Church. By 
these means we trust the ruins of our Jerusalem shall be rebuilt to the honor of 
God's great and holy name and the defence and extension of his Kingdom. 

In order to which we implore for you the Lord's necessary support and assistance — 
This is our prayer 



Dirk Wynkoop 
Johannes Du Boys, Jun. 
Lucas Elmendorph 
Paulus Plaeg 

Snyder 
Hendr. Slecht 
Jacobus De La Metter 
Johannes Turk 
Johannes Wynkoop 
Abraham Lou Jan 
Wilbelmus Hoogteyling 
William Elsworth 
F. H. Frans Hendr. Merk 
Abraham Van Gaasbeek 
Johannes Beekman 
D. Wynkoop, Jun. 
Joh. Snyder, Jun. 
Willem Eltinge 
Abraham De La Metter 
Christoffel Kierstede, Jun. 
Anthoni Freer 
Jahannes Maston, Jun. 

Elias Haasbroek 

Johannes Persen 

Solomon S. F. Freer — his mark 

Edward Schoonmaker 

Gerrit Elmendorph 

Abraham Van Steenbeergen 

Cornells Van Keuren 

Benjamin Masten 

Benamin de la Metter 

Tobias Van Steenbergen 

Johannes van Kenren 

Moses Cantine 

Lowrens van Gaasbeek 

Willem Van Gaasbeek 

Jacobus Van Gaasbeek 

Wessel ten Broek 

Coenraad ten Broek 

Martin Befinger 

Johannes Wynkoop, Jun. 

Abraham Masten 

Cornells Beekman 

Isaac Duboys 



Wilhelmus Swart 

Peter Swart 

Evert Bogardus 

David De La Metter 

Abraham De La Metter 

Abraham Abr. De La Metter 

Is. Rosa 

Matthews ten Eyck 

John Wynkoop 

Authom Krespel 

Coenelis Crespel 

Heiman Rosa 

Petrus Crespel 

Henrik Constapel 

Petrus Rosa 

Petrus Wynkoop 

Egbert Rosa 

Coenraad Elmendorph 

Jacob Elmendorph, Jun. 

Tobias Swart 

Johannes 

Christiaan Tapper 

Abraham Frere 

Benjamin Rosa 

Ephraim Low 

Matthew Persen 

I. Elmendorph 

Anthoni Hofman 

Philippus Vrele 

Jonathan Elmendorph 

Coenraad Elmendorph 

Abraham De La Metter, Jun. 

Adam Peifer 

Teunis Hoogteyling 

Jacobus Low 

Johannes Salton 

Laurens Hendriks 

Evert Wynkoop Swart 

Johannes Masten 

Andries de Wit, Jun. 

Cornelius Wynkoop 

Johannes ten Broek 

Johannes du Boys 

Phillip Du Mond 



l<>."'. I Ecclesiastical Hi:«()iu>s 

1766 

Isaac Van Wntrmon .Tarolxm du Mond 

Jacob ran WaRrnrn lllnliort OoBtranfJor 

Oorrit F"rcrp JAcnIxia Ooxirnmlor 

(;rrrlt Van Wncption .Tncolnia Ilnnli-nl.rrjt 

Jnhnnnp* Vnn Wntfcnon IVtrua ('rlnjx'l. .Inn. 

laak Van Wncnm. J\in. Conran<l Mciiwkcrk 

Klorst.do riPtpr du Mond 

Joliannca .Innsrn John Dumond, Jun. 

JohnnnpB O. JnnBon JohannoH Oosfrnndrr 

Cornelia JnnBon, Jun. Andrloa Van Vllcd 

Adam Swart Jncobus Swart 
Samuel Swnrt 

The following Papers were delivered fo us. 

I. The undersigned have made enquiry In reference to the number of the mem- 
bers of our Church, but hitherto have not succeeded In asceiialning the same with 
precision. Yet we con with truth give It as our opinion that the number rather 
exceeds than falls short of 420. 

Witness our bands, 

Cornells Persen, Elder 
Jacobus Eltinge 
Johannes Wyukoop 



II. We the undersigned have made careful enquiry In reference to the number 
of members who upon the several occasions of the celebration of the Holy Supper 
have presented themselves at the table since June 1764, the time of the first dis- 
turbance occasioned by Do. Meyer taking the Oath of Allegiance. At that time 
but ten communed. Since that time the Supper has been celebrated on six occa- 
sions. And speaking from our own knowledge and after the enquirj' of several 
members of the Church, we cannot say that upon any of these more than twenty- 
four or twenty five at the most were present at the table. 

In testimony of the above we subscribe ourselves with our own hands, 

Johannes Wynkoop 
Cornells Persen 
.Johannes Turk. 

We further testify at the same time, that during the period for which Do. Meyer 
has been our Minister, but two members have been received— A number far less 
than our previous proportion. 

III. The circumstances that occurred in reference to Do. Meyer and his Consis- 
tory on the forenoon of Sunday the 16th of February were as follow.s: 

Do Meyer came in the Church during singing as was his custom and wlien Into 
the Chancel when the Elders, Eltinge and Persen stepped from their bench and 
stood before the steps of the Pulpit; Do. Meyer met them there. Some sentences 
were passed between them which I did not understand; but I saw Do. Meyer point 
to the Elder's Bench. Then I heard Do. Meyer say that lie regarded the whole 
Convention as unlawful and their sentence as unrighteous. Whereupon I heard 
Elder Sleght say "Domine, this is not the place to discuss this matter", but that 
his place was there— pointing to the Eider's bench. Thereupon Do. Meyer said:— 
I demand in the name of the Lord my God the place to which God has appointed 
me. To this the Elders made some reply which I do not think I understood. Do 
Meyer then called out— I take you all who are here assembled to witness that I 
have demanded admittance to the place which God has entitled me, and that these 
have refused It. I 

To this the Subscribers testify, 

Abraliam van Gaesbeck 
Abraham Jo. De La Metter 
Jacobus van Gaesbeck. 
In fldem Copla Act 

Isaicns Rysdyk, V. D. M. in vlco Poughkeepsie, cum annexls Ecclesus, et 
Conventus Kingstonneusls p. t. Scriba. 



OF THE State of New York. 4035 

1766 

On New Year's day 1766, Do. Hermanus Meyer said from the pulpit that he 
should not express for us the usual wish of the day— that he almost feared to 
implore for us the blessing of God since he expected that in place of a blessing the 
Lord would send a cui-se upon us. How then should he be able to wish for a 
blessing for us who were such a wicked and stiff-necked people. That this was the 
sence and import of his words our signatures testify. 

Jacobus Eltlnge 
Adraan Wynkoop 
Willem EltLnge. 

On New Year's day 1766 he said : Have I not always sought to promote every 
thing that could tend to the peace and well-being of the Church? Have I not 
encouraged all means that could lead to such a result and have I not sought by 
many arguments to convince you of this my disposition and conduct? 

Have I not always been willing to maintain the Church upon the same footing 
on which I found it without noticing the differences of the two parties; and have 
I not read to you upon this subject a letter from Professor Gerdes, which advised 
me to have nothing to do with the old Church disputes but to act in union with my 
Consistory— but this also was received too late. 

Have I not written and presented to you some articles designed to restore peace. 
Articles which in my opinion are In no way inconsistent with God's Word and the 
good order of the Churches? But you would not join me, as you should in matters 
In which my objections are dictated by my conscience. 

Have I not even agreed to refer our differences to some ecclesiastical Convention 
In Holland, but this was not yet enough. I must act just as the Church chooses 
to dictate. But was ever such a thing heard of as a shepherd's being compelled to 
listen to the voice of the sheep? No, but on the contrary It belongs to the sheep 
to listen to the voice of the shepherd and to follow it. He also complained that 
he was a sojourner in Mesech and that he dwelt in the tents of Kedar. This is 
about the sense and import of his words as Is testified by my signature. 

Willem Eltlnge. 

Letter of the Consistory of Kingston to the Three 
Churches of Rhinebeck and Camp ; of Livingston Manor ; 
of Poughkeepsie. 

To the Rev. G. D. Cock, Minister— and the Consistory of Rheinbeck and Camp. 

Kingston Feb. 3rd, 1766. 
Worthy Sirs and Respected Brethren:— 

Since a great number of our Reformed Church at Kingston have delivered to us 
a writing containing certain weighty charges and accusations against our present 
Minister Hermanus Meyer, and accompanied it with the earnest request that we 
would adopt some action concerning him in accordance with God's Word and the 
Laws of our Church— and since those laws require that in cases of this kind the 
help of neighboring churches shall be called in— and since we are deeply conscious 
In -what a sad situation our Church at present is— we therefore find ourselves 
obliged as the overseers of the Church, to make use of the means necessary for its 
restoration.— Accordingly it is our request and earnest prayer that yourself, the 
minister, with the representatives of your Consistories will be pleased to appear at 
our Consistory Room at the earliest possible moment that Is on Tuesday the 11th of 
this Month at 10 o'clock A. M. And oh! that it may please the Lord to suffer us 
by this means to see an end of the sorrowful disturbance of our congregation. 
This is the hearty wish and prayer of him who has the honor to subscribe himself. 
Your obedient servant and friend. 

By order of the Consistory of Kingston, 

Johannes Sleght. 

The contents of the two remaining letters, addressed to the churches of Manor 
Livingston and Poughkeepsie were the same. 



1766 



4(»:?() Krrr.KsiASTK'AL Kkcoups 

Coin{F.srf).\iii;.\{K Fkom Ami;i:i«;,v. 
]I('V. .1(.1mi Kit7.onia to the Cla^jsis of AiiKslcnlaiii, Feb. 5, ITGO. 

V..1. :v.], ].;iir.' JtT. X... :^7i2. 

Rev. GtntlfiiK-n ninl linilireii; 
Gentlemen :— 

Upon nTolpt of tlu' letter from your Itev. I'.ody, the fliissls, at tlit- li.-unls of Mr. 
Rj-sdyck, I lininodlntely snninioiiofl the ConHlstory of North Uriinrh, (UcndliiKton), 
for which ohureh one of tlie randldntes had heen Intended, nnd presented to them 
the contents of the letter from Yonr Rev. Rody; that yon hnd not Bucceeded In 
persnadliip any cnndldnle to come over here; but that Mr. John Anthony AenillluH. 
a regular Iteformed minister at I'oederogen, (might come). I asked them whether 
they would be willing to receive that gentleman upon his arrival here, as their 
minister. They showed the greatOHt readiness to accept him, and commissioned roe 
to write out a call. This they signed In the name of their congregation, and left 
It In my hands, that I might present It to the Rev. Gentleman, Immediately upon 
his arrival In this country. 

But from the letter of your Rev. Body, which arrived after that time, namely, 
on the 3rd of February, (It having been sent with Rev. Boelen, and was fifteen 
weeks on the way, and therefore, did not arrive here until the 12th of Sejitember,) 
I understood, that my expectations of the coming of Rev. Aemillus had been 
destroyed; and It seemed that there was no authority now for making out another 
call to be sent to Amsterdam, as I could not make any changes In the call, and 
there was no opportunity of again Interviewing those people. I am therefore 
obliged to communicate with you alone, and to say that, since that gentlemiin does 
not come, the stipulations of that call, so far as they relate to him, of course, fall 
away; nevertheless, those same persons, acting as an authorized committee, would, 
no doubt, bo willing to accept of any person whom the (Jlassls might send; but that 
I have no right to forward the call which has been placed In my hands. 

In this connection, 1 would also mention the following: The place, called North 
Branch, (now Readington) Is not situated on our North River, but on the Rarltan, 
In New Jersey, In the heart of a rural district, where there Is but one church at 
present. The stipulations are, that the minister must be a member, of our (Con- 
ferentle) Assembly, under the Rev. Classls of Amsterdam; mu.st preach twice upon 
every I.iOrd's day, during the summer season, and once, during the winter season; 
must give catechetical Instruction upon the fundamental doctrines of the Reformed 
Religion, once a week; In short, he must perform all those duties which are 
expected of a faithful minister of the Gospel, in the Dutch Church. Ills salary Is 
to be £9.5., New Jersey money, estimating an ounce of silver, at eight shillings; he 
Bhall have a house, a garden, a pasture lot for three or four head of cattle, and 
wood for fuel, as much as he may need, to bo delivered at his house, free of charge. 
They engage to pay also the expenses of calling him, and his traveling expenses 
hither. This salary exceeds by £15., tliat upon which Rev. (Cornelius) Blaauw 
was Induced to come over. 

This Is also a new congregation, [a temporary split!] which has never, Independ- 
ently, had a minister. It Is a district where provisions are abundant; at the same 
time It Is far from the market, whither poultry, such as chickens, ducks, geese and 
turkeys could be shipped. It Is my opinion, therefore, that such a place Is much 
better even, than one of £150., which Is situated near to the city, to which the 
farmers carry everything to market. If these considerations be not powerful 
enough to persuade that gentleman, or any other available party, I must give the 
matter up for the present; but I know, that the congregation sighs for the pure 
preaching of the Gospel. As regards the payment of the expenses involved, Mr. 
Daniel Crommolin, of Amsterdam, will gladly advance the amount upon my account, 
as that gentleman promised me last year. In a letter. In answer to my request to 
that effect. Therefore these expenses need not be advanced, either by the minister 
himself, or by the Rev. Classls. 



OF THE State of New York. 4037 

One fact still, I have forgotten to mention In reference to the profitableness of 
the call, from North Branch, (Keadlngton); viz., that the parties calling, engage to 
pay the minister who may come, a half year's salary, in advance, after he has 
preached his first sermon among them; and from that time, his regular salary will 
begin to count. They further engage, that, if their congregation continues to grow, 
so that they may be better able, they will gladly raise the salary. Your Rev. Body, 
will, however, be pleased to allow me this one additional remark: Rev. Aemilius 
has already been minister at Toederogen for fifteen years. Does not that make him 
rather old? and does it not greatly lessen the expectation of having the benefit 
(over here) of his service for very long? 

As regards the sending of any more ministers just now, upon my request. It 
had better be stopped for the present, except on a renewed special request from 
me. My object, heretofore, was to supply the places with ministers from Holland, 
which I knew stood in need of them; and who, by their coming, would put a stop 
to the making of ministers by the Coetus. For I felt assured that those from 
Holland would be preferred, and that they would tend to discourage the others. 
However, there are four vacancies yet, three for Dutch preachers, and one where 
a preacher is required who can preach both in Dutch and German. The congrega- 
tion at the so-called Saugertles, has had a call out for nearly two years, upon a can- 
didate in Duisburg, but have heard nothing of it yet. 

To satisfy my own curiosity, and to enable me to put our Church Records into 
better shape, I would most kindly ask of the Rev. Gentlemen, the Deputati, to do 
me the favor of letting mo know, from the Classical Records, who was the first 
Dutch Reformed minister here, at what time he was sent, and the others, up to the 
time of the arrival of Rev. (Gualterus) Du Bols. 

"The Church Alphabet" of Melcholr Veeris, and our own Church-Book, when 
compared, lead me into confusion. On page 98 of the first, I find that Johannes 
Megapolensls emigrated to New Netherlands in 1642 and died there 1650 some- 
thing, [?] that his son Samuel, came in 1662, and re-patriated in 1670; that Hen- 
rlcus Selyns, page 137, came in the year 1660, and moved back to New York In 
1682. Our oldest Church Records date back to the year 1639. In them I find, that 
upon the 9th of September, 1640, Rev. Everard Bogardus, either himself baptized, 
or presented for baptism, a child, whose name was Cornelius; that in 1668, the 
ministers in New York, were Johannes Megapolensls and Samuel Drisius; in 1670, 
Samuel Drisius alone; in 1671, Drisius and WUhelmus Nieuwenhuyzen together; In 
1673 Nieuwenhuyzen alone. He died, February 17, 1681; and in 1681 Henricus 
Selyns was called again. If your Revs, can help me out of this entangled yarn, I 
myself, and several curious individuals in our congregation, will be under the 
greatest obligations to you. 

To this I must add a petition to the Rev. Classls. It was made to me, by Rev. 
Cern, (Kern), and his (German) congregation. It is for a little aid in this their 
time of distress; and I cannot refuse most humbly to press this case of need with 
the following short explanation of their situation. These Germans, (in New York), 
being of the Reformed Faith, but having no Divine Worship In their own language, 
were formerly united with us. But a few years ago, when Rev. Abraham Rosen- 
krantz was driven away from his place by the enemy, they stirred themselves up 
to separate themselves from us, and call that gentleman as their minister to preach 
In their own language. This was done, and they bought a certain building which 
they fashioned into a church. But they thus involved themselves in considerable 
debt. This, however, by the assistance of kind friends, having been nearly can- 
celed, they found themselves threatened by a new calamity. Their Church-build- 
ing, on account of the weakness of the walls, threatened to fall down entirely, and 
they were obliged to tear it down to the ground, and build an entirely new Church- 
edifice. They then built a handsome structure; but being obliged also to support 
their minister, this people, weak In numbers, is quite unable to pay the debt then 
contracted. Now every congregation at present has enough to do to support itself. 
At least this is the case with our Dutch Church, which is obliged also this year, 
either in part or wholly, to rebuild their old Church, and therefore nothing can be 
expected from us. Neither can anything be expected from the otherwise well-to- 
do-English Church, (Trinity Church) as they are now engaged upon a third large 
new Church-building. These Germans therefore find themselves obliged to knock 
for aid at the door of the Rev. Classls, which has already extended so much aid 



1766 



■Id.'iS KCCLKSIASTICAL KkcoUDS 

176G 

to the <;>Tninn rlmrcho* In rinnsylvnnln. Tlioy tnint yonr lulp vnIII not be 
n-fniifMl them. I ulnrcn-ly wIkIi Hint tliln Jwlp could l»i< Rlvon. no Ilov. C<>rn (Kern) 
in rcnllj- r n-nlonn nn<1 fnlllifiil mliilntor of the Gospfl nnil grcntly proniotPii the 
ecllflcmlon of thoso poopip In ovor.v wny. 
I slRn niysolf, witli the profotnulost rosport, 

Ilov. Gcntlenion, nnd Brollirpn. 

Your Scn-nnt nnd llmtlirT, 

John Ultzotna. 
New York, rcbrnriry T.. ITfiO. 

N. n. The Artn SynodI Noordhollandlnc. of Hie ycnr 17Cr>. hnvo not yet nrrlvcd, 
altbough wc could easily have rocolved them, with Ilev. Boelen. 

German Refohmed CiirKcir, Xew York. 

Now York, 5th February, 1700. 
Present all the memhcrs of the Consistory. 

Dm. Kfrn Informed the meeting that In consideration of the great debt of the 
church. It w.is advisable to make a written application to the honorable Clapsls 
of Amsterdam for help. For which purpose, and for the better success of the same, 
he had not only requested a recommendation from Dm. RItzema, but also prepared 
all the necessary Information for Dm. Kessler. There were read and approved. 

Resolved, That the further carrying out of this business be left to Dm. Kern. 

ilote. The writings were sent the following day by Capt. Bentyen. 

The German Reformed Church of the City of Xew Yorjc 
TO the Classis of Amsterdam, Feb. 5, 1706. 

(Abstract.) 

Previous to 1758, many Oormans had settled In New York, a large number of 
whom bad been connncted, In Europe, with the German Reformed Church. Such 
of them as understood the Netherland language attached themselves to the Dutch 
Reformed Church of New York. Those who understood only German, were obliged 
to attend the Lutheran church, or be deprived of Gospel preaching altogether. 
This deplorable condition Induced them to attempt to organize a Reformed church 
of their own, In which services should be conducted In the German language. A 
meeting was, accordingly called, and a subscription started for the support of a 
minister, and arrangements were made to procure a suitable place for public wor- 
ship. A building on Nassau St., formerly used for a theatre, was purchased for 
$1250. and fitted up for public worship. When completed there was a debt of $2000. 

As soon as they got their church ready for use, about 1758, they employed 
domlne Abraham Rozencrantz for a year. He had been officiating among the Pala- 
tines on the Mohawk, but his flock had been scattered by the Indians, and he had 
come a refugee to New York. In 1759 he returned to his former charge. Another 
clergyman was now employed. Rev. Wllllnm Kails, who had prenched In Philadel- 
phia, 1756-7; also at Amwell, N. J., and In certain German churches along the 
Rarltan, 1757-9. But he proved to be a wolf In the flock, and at the end of the 
year, 1759-60, they were glad to be rid of him. In the spring of 1761. a ship 
arrived, having on board a German Reformed minister. Rev. Frederick Rothen- 
bergler. They employed him for a year on trial, and finally gave him a call; but 
soon, thereafter, getting Into difficulties with him, they resorted to legal means to 
get rid of him. 

Weary of engaging ministers in this Irregular way, they at length adopted a 
dlfiferent course. They wrote to the Consistory of Heidelberg to send them a 
suitable minister. That Consl.story sent over to them Rev. Johannes Michael Kern. 
He arrived In September, 1763. He soon Induced this church to place themselves 
formally under the Classis of Amsterdam. (See under Oct. 28, 1763.) This they 
accomplished, with the aid and advice of domlnes Bitzema and De Ronde. Mr. 



OF THE State of New York. 4039 

Kern was formally called according to the Rules of the Reformed Dutch Church, 
on Jan. 26, 1764. He was regularly installed by domine De Ronde the next day. 
He at once, under the advice of domines Ritzema and De Ronde, joined Conferentle 
party, to be in closer connection with the Classis of Amsterdam. This was done 
by formal credentials from his Consistory stating that they wished to belong to 
the Classis. An elder was also deputed under the same conditions. 

In the winter of 1764-5, a heavy fall of snow caused the church walls to 
spread, making it unsafe to use the building as a place of worship. The congre- 
gation was allowed to use temporarily, one of the Dutch churches. A new church 
was erected at a cost of §3000. $1500. were raised by contributions, leaving a debt. 
To liquidate this they made solicitations abroad. (See March 8, 1765.) 

This letter was signed by pastor Kern and all the Consistory. 

(A similar account of this Church was prepared and sent to London July 9, 
1766, soliciting aid.) 

Rev. Isaac Rysdyk axd Others, to Rev. II. Meyer, Feb. 11, 

1766. 

H. 

Rev. Sir and Respected Brother:— 

Since I with Messrs. Fryenmoet and Cock with our Consistories have arrived 
here in accordance with the request of your Consistory that we would meet in the 
Consistoi-y Room tomorrow, being Wednesday the 12th of this month in order to 
act according to the laws of our Church upon the charge of this Church against 
yourself; we address to you by this means our friendly request that you will be 
pleased to be present at the time and place mentioned. In this expectation and in 
the hope that this course by the blessing of God will tend to the welfare of Zion, 
I have the honor, after imploring for as neighboring churches, 

you prosperity and the blessing of God to subscribe myself, 

Rev. Sir, 

In the name of the three Churches, 

Your obedient servant, 

Is. Rysdyk. 
Kingston, Feb. 11, 1766. 

Rev. H. Myer to Rev. Isaac Rysdyk a:xd Others, Feb. 12, 

1766. 

Rev. Sirs, 

Respected Brethren:— 
Your honored letter of the 11th has come to hand, and it may serve as reply to 
say that I am entirely ready to appear before you and would rejoice so to do could 
I only be first persuaded in my mind that your Convention is lawful, and in refer- 
ence to the matter now in dispute impartial. Imploring for you from the Lord 
light and grace, I have the honor, while I await your reply, of subscribing myself 
in love 

Rev. Sirs, 

Much Respected Brethren, 

Your Reverences' Obedient Servant, 

H. Meyer, V. D. M. 
Kingston, Feb. 12, 1766. 

B.' Petition of the Church of Kingstox to the Coxve:^ctiox 
Kingston Feb. 12, 1766. 

To the Rev. Sirs, etc. 

We the undersigned the Consistory of the Dutch Church at Kingston etc. 

Since a great number, viz., more than one hundred members of this Church have 
delivered to us, the Ruling Consistory a writing signed with their own hands and 



1766 



K'lH Ecclesiastical Recorps 

1766 

rontnlnlnj: nmnjr chHruPW nfrnlimt our MlnlNlor Ilormnnim Moj-or. nml o(T«>rlnjr. If It 
wprp ncconnxry Btnl hIioiiIiI I..- <l<iiian<I<'(1, to prorc tho unmo nnd humbly roqncntlnir 
thnt tln'lr rnnimurilontlon nilitlif bo nrtocl upon In ncronlnnrp wllli (ho Lnwn of tho 
Churrli. And »lnro wo nil iliink fhnt tlio nnlcl rhnreon nro not without fniin<lnt|on, 
wo hnvc thorcforo cnnHldiTrrl It proper not only bnt In tho hlKhoRi doitroo obllicn- 
tory upon us to Iny the Bnmo before yon; enpoolnlly dlnoo thU t'onHUtory linn 
pr^vlouBly In Oct. 17*14 pronentod to Don. Frycamoet and (V»rk tnnny ohnrjfoH ngHtUHt 
Do. Moyor upon whlrh It ullil Insists. 

And sinro those things whioh wore the oconRlon of tho difllonlty hnve booome no 
bettor sinoo thnt time bnt riill)or by the obstlnntc nnd rnsh condnot of Do. Meyer 
hnvo (trnnn mnrh worse, we roqnost the nbovo nnmed Convention thnt we may 
hnvo n lawful henrin)? beromlfiK our religion nnd In ronfnrmlty to the Knli-s of the 
Churrh. ordnlnod nt I>ort, nnd that (If the rhnrgos bo) proved to bo of KUlIlclent 
wolBlit Krrlcslaslioal dlsolpllnc may be exorcised. This Is the prayer of, 

[ Benjamin ten P.roek f Coniells Persson 

_ I Coonraad Elmendorph „■ i J"n Van Driesen 

Deacons i , , , ,.. , Elders J , , ,,,,, 

1 A<1rliian ^^ynkoop .Incobns LItlnKo 

/ Benjamin Low I Johannes Sleght 

A Protest of C'ektain .^^E.MBER,s of the Cjiuhcii of Kingston, 
Against the Action of Consistory of That Church in 
Calling a Council to Try Rev. Meyer. Feb. 12, 1700. 

"To Messrs. Johan Caspar Fryennioet, Gerhard Daniel Cock, and Isaac Rysdyke, 
Ministers of tho Gospel, now convened upon the request of tho ConsiKtory at 
Kingston." (This address Is in English in the original). 

Since we have understood that our Consistory has called this your Convention 
contrary to tho laws of the Church— in passing by neighboring Churches and also 
against the desire of our Minister— from whom we have learned that more than 
once and even at the last meeting of the Consistory he has proposod to call an 
impartial Convention to act upon the difficulties existing in our Church (which 
course we regard as just and right) we cannot omit to declare our dissatisfaction 
at such a procedure, an<l to protest against the passage of any decision upon the 
Charges which are brought against Do. Meyer, by this (?onvontion; our demand is 
that those charges be heard by the neighboring and impartial Ministers and Elders. 
And since it is charged against Do. Meyer that he has originated contention, hatred 
and envy in the Church, we, whose names are subscribed testify that for the time 
during which Do. Meyer lias been Minister here in the Church of Kingston, he has 
labored faithfully in his offlce in preaching, in catechising the children and also In 
visiting the sick— that he has fulfilled his duty with zeal and that he has lived a 
peaceful and an ambitious life, and that we have enjoyed much satisfaction in his 
ministry through God's blessing and that we hope and pray that he may be spared 
many yeai-s in the land of tho living to minister to us as our Pastor and Teacher. 
If your Convention shall have a sitting we beg leave to present the above as the 
grounds of this our Protest. 



Feb. 12. 17G6. 



Joseph Gasherio Benjamin P. Smedes 

Niclaas van der Lyn Abraham Devenport 

Johannes Hardenberg Teunis Kool 

Tobias van Steenberg Cornells Cole 

Job Stoffel Thomes Mattys Blenshan 

Cornells Viele Matthew Lefevre 

Cornelius Elmendorph, Jun. Petrus Smedes 

Jacob Heerwans John C. Ringland 

A. v. Keuren Hendricus Doyo 

Jacob Turk Jan Burhan 

Abraham Turk Benjamin New Kirk. 
Frantz Peter Roggen 
A. Hasbrouck, Jun. 



OP THE State of Neav York. 4041 

Minutes of the Ecclesiastical C'oisrvENTiON of the Ministers 
AND Eldeks of the Thbee Churches Lying Adjacent to 
Kingston — ISTamely, Manor Livingston, Camp and Pough- 
keepsie, Cum Annexis Ecclesiis. Held at Kingston in the 
Case of Do. Meyer, Feb. 12, 1766. Vol. 33: P. 105. No. 
378. 

Present. 
Rev. J. C. Fryenmoet, V. D. M. in Livingston Manor, etc. 
Elders, Johannes Ten Eyk, Justice of the Peace. 
Hendrieh Mesick 

Rev. G. D. Cock, V. D. M. in the Camp and Rheinbeck. 
Elders of these respective churches, 

Cornells Miller, 

Henrich Beringer. 

Rev. Isaac Rysdyk, V. D. M. at Po'keepsie, Fishkill, etc. 
Elders, Aart Middag 

Gysbrecht Schenck, 
Capt. Comelis Luister, 
Isaac Adriaanse. 
Art. I. 

The Convention having been opened with an earnest and appropriate prayer by 
Rev. J. C. Fryenmoet, the following were unanimously chosen its officers: — 
Rev. J. C. Fryenmoet, Praeses. 
" G. D. Cock. Assessor. 

" I. Rysdyk, Scriba. 

Art. II. 

The letter (See A.) addressed by the Church of Kingston to the three Churches 
above named, were read, containing the request of the said Consistory to the other 
Consistories,— that they in accordance with the duties of their office and the laws 
of the Netherlands Reformed Church, would send hither their Ministers and Elders 
so as to be present in the Consistory Room on the 11th of this month at 10 o'clock 
A. M. in order to take Ecclesiastical Action upon the Complaints which a great por- 
tion of the Church had delivered to the Consistory against their minister 

The time specified was changed at the request of Do. Rysdyk, who lived at the 
greatest distance, and with the unanimous concurrence of the several Consistories, 
to the present date Feb. 12. 
Art. III. 

The Consistory of the Church of Kingston, being now called in, delivered to the 
Convention a petition,— which stated, that many complaints against Do. Meyer had 
been presented to them, made by more than one hundred members of this church,— 
and earnestly prayed that these might be acted upon in accordance with the laws 
of the church. This petition this Convention granted. (For a copy of the petition 
See B.) 

The Consistory then handed in a writing which was read by the Scriba, con- 
taining several complaints of a large portion of the Church against Do. Meyer, 
being signed by one hundred and eleven members.— The Complaints were as 
follows:— 

A. In General— That they,— being desirous as formerly to be subordinate to the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, in accordance with the Constitution of the Netherlands 
Reformed Church established by the Synod of Dort in the year 1618 & 1619, and 
to continue their connexion with that Classis,— think that Do. Meyer by his con- 
duct has made himself worthy of the censure of the Church. And, 

B. In Particular,— that he is culpable 

a. In despising brotherly and ecclesiastical admonition; 

112 



1766 



4012 ECCLKSIASTICAL UeCOUUS 

1> In tiri^nkltiK hU iiroinluc to lul In hnrmonj' with the ConnlBtory: 

c. In (ImpiiilnK iind n-JertlnR the rcqiu'nt of tho ConnUtory to ncknowlot)«« a 
boconitnii nul^nnllnntlon to the Iter. (JIniiHlii of Amatrrtlnin, thuii opiioHlnK nt once 
»M well the reKolntlons of the Rev. Kynod of North Ilollniiil muiI the Her. Olaivls of 
Amsterdnm na the frlenilly niid oft repented couniH>l of the (^ouitUtury upon this 
point; 

d. In a oontemptnoHs answer which he deslKnedly Bare to the fJonil*tor.v aflor 
the re<-elpt of a* IcitiT from Hera. J. Illtzema and l»e Honde. written to him upon 
the aulijecf of snliordlnntlon; 

e. That he Iiiih not fullilled the terniB of IiIh call, alnee he haa exflted dlrlslon, 
discord and Bclilnni In the church, whereby their precloua religion haa almost come 
to contempt and ruin. 

The paper cloned with n request to the Conrontlon as the flrst Instrumentality 
under t>o<I, that they would striro to bring help and dellrerance. AVhaterer el»o 
was contained In It will be found under C. 

Po. Meyer not having yet appeared before the Convention, (notwithstanding that 
he had been called upon to do so twenty four hours before by a friendly letter of 
citation written In the name of the Convention, the charges against him having 
been communlcate<l to him some day prerlously by the Consistory of Kingston,)— 
the Convention resolved, that It was necessary (dum perlculum e^set In mora) to 
proceed with this matter In accordance with the e.xpress and Importunate request 
of the C/onslsfory,— the more since the entire division of the Church, which must 
soon happen If this troublesome affair were not brought to an end, demanded 
Immediate attention. 

There was also handed In a complaint of the Consistory itself against Do. Meyer 
of the same Import as the fourth particular (d.) above. It contained a stntement:— 
That In the Consistory certain things were said which In the judgement of the 
Consistory ought to be recorded and that Do. Meyer refused, not only to make the 
record, but to take the vote of the Consistory upon the subject,— That Do. Meyer 
being subsequently asked "If he would acknowledge then no subordination to tlie 
Classis of Amsterdam?" gave this reply, "That he would not— nor to any Classis 
in Holland but that he would correspond with the Rev. Professors who sent him," 
and that the subonllnatlon as It was hero required seemed to him, to savor very 
much of the spirit of popery; That lie farther declared to the Consistory upon being 
asked by them wherein the similarity consisted. That as the Pope pretended to have 
In Ecclesiastical matters a power extended over the whole world, so the Classis of 
Amsterdam not content with her jurisdiction in Holland, pretended to extend it 
hither. Other offensive remarks were made containing a manifest falsehood and 
slander against the Rev. Convention of Preachers and Elders In New York destitute 
of all foundation of truth. There was also a special example of his airogant and 
provoking resistance to the Consistory for which See D. 

Mr. Johannes Wynkoop then arose, as Committee of the Church of Kingston to 
furnish proof of the above charges. His statement was to this effect: — That the 
first three charges hnd already been presented before the Convention of neighbor- 
ing Ministers and Elders held Oct. 10th 1704, and established by proper proof. 
He called, accordingly, for the minutes that were made at that time. They were 
produced and read and may be found together with the several papers connected 
with them under E. Among these there Is a remarkable letter which Do. Meyer 
promised to send to Do. Rltzema In the name of the Consistory, speaking of the 
brotherly concert between himself and the Consistory to be subordinate to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. There is also a request of the Consistory that he would 
send this letter In accordance with his promise, to which he returned a refusal, 
giving as his reason for so doing — That he was hindered by the oath of allegiance 
which he had taken. It appears from the circumstances, however, that he took 
It willingly; and the church was therefore led to Imagine that the taking of 
the oath was a manoeuvre by which to escape from the subordination. Dos. 
Fryenmoet and Cock also testified that they had read a similar request from 
the Consistory to him, and also his refusal and had found them to correspond 
with this account, — the originals Indeed were not then at hand being under the 
care of Do. Rltzema; yet If it were necessary they could be produced. There were 
also further proofs of the remaining charges to be found in the above mentioned 



OF THE State of New York. 4043 

minutes (for which See E.) to which the Convention referred as too prolix to be 
quoted. 

Art. IV. 

Between two and three o'clock in the afternoon the Convention having re-assem- 
bled and having been opened by an earnest prayer by the Rev. President, — Mr. 
Johannes "Wynkoop again arose and read the writing above mentioned in Art. III. 
and annexed under D. serving as proof of the fourth charge — together with an 
original letter from Dos. Ritzema and De Roude ministers of the Netherlands Re- 
formed churches at New York, proving the contemptuous conduct of Do. Meyer 
toward the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and the Convention held at New York in 
October last — See a copy of this latter under F. whence it appears that the 
original of Do. Meyer's letter had already been sent to the Rev. Classis. 

In reference to the fifth charge namely, " That he has not fulfilled the terms of 
his Call since he has occasioned discord and strife in his Church." Mr. Wynkoop 
considered it unnecessary to adduce any particular proof, since the case furnished 
Its own testimony. It was sufficiently clear that Do. Meyer, by all the above 
mentioned misconduct, had failed to fulfil that article of his Call (registered in 
the minutes of the Consistory of Kingston) wherein he pledges himself " to do all 
which It becomes a faithful minister of the Gospel to do." For his misconduct 
was calculated to produce no other results than those which has followed — the 
existing pitible division, strife, and schism in this Church results with which 
surrounding Churches are acquainted, and which have become matters of notoriety 
throughout the country. In proof of the extent of the evil the Consistory of 
Kingston reported that out of the great number of more than four hundred 
members not more than twenty came to the communion table — such was the con- 
sequence of the dissention — And besides that during the time that Do. Meyer 
has been settled here not more than two members have been added. Mr. Wyn- 
koop proceeded to show that, since Do. Meyer by this misconduct had lost the 
respect of the congregation, and gained their positive 111 will, the necessary con- 
sequence must be that his preaching was without benefit to the greater part of 
the Church; for they either did not come to hear him at all or heard him with 
dislike; and this sad evil must daily become greater, because according to the 
declarations of the above named members of his Church, he converts the pulpit 
Into a Bar where he advocates his own cause, and it becomes no minister of the 
Gospel to preach himself but Christ. This latter point was illustrated by some 
examples hereafter given under G. 

Art. V, 

Do. Meyer had been cited to appear before this Convention by a friendly letter 
approved by the Convention and sent to him In sufBclent season (for this letter 
See H.) but he had not yet appeared. About four o'clock P. M. however, a letter 
was received by the Convention — and after that yet another. 

The first was a reply from Do. Meyer to our letter of Citation, In which he said 
that he would be very willing to appear before us if he could be but persuaded In 
his mind beforehand that the Convention was lawfully constituted and impartial — 
In reference to which points he awaited an answer. 

The second was signed by twenty six persons (some of whom according to the 
testimony of the Consistory do not belong to this Church at all) and contained a 
protest against this Convention as being partial — and a testimonial In behalf of 
Do. Meyer's doctrine and life. The two letters may be seen under J. K. 

The Scrlba by order of the Convention addressed a friendly and affectionate 
reply to the letter of Do. Meyer, to this effect — That after so many ineffectual 
attempts the Convention saw no reason why they should again endeavor to con- 
vince him upon the points which he mentioned — they rather hoped and sincerely 
prayed that the Lord would convince him by the persuasions of his Spirit. 
Art. VI. 

The Convention, having taken care that place and opportunity were offered to 
Do. Meyer for answering the charges preferred against him, found itself bound 
in conscience to proceed with this matter, In order to prevent the entire division 
of the Church. It therefore proceeded to deliberate upon the above mentioned 
charges and their proofs — testifying that it aimed at nothing else than the 
preservation of their brother and the welfare of his Church. 



1766 



1760 



•liiJJ Err LF.si. VST I »Ai, Ilr.coitDs 

The Hfv. Conrchtlon In Mio fonr of ilio I.oril, hnrltiK oonnlclorpd nil tlio <Irrum- 
•tnnro* of iho cimo with nil profltnlilo onro Binl Imparltnltljr, ■ml nvowing their 
dwp n-urct nml ulnffro pliy for tln'lr hrothor. nnnnlmoiiHljr <lfi-l<l«'il. 

In Gmrml Thnt I»o. Mfjf-r hnit Im><mi k"I">' "' "P«"n m-hlstn. whloh sin In the 
Rulf* of the Notherlnntln Cliurrh In nnmhcred nmnnK thou** for whlrh a prencher 
Is pronoiinroil w«irtli.v of r<MiHiiro (kiTk^nonli-r Art. 80) nml brnWIfH of oft re- 
prntcd rontonipl of Krc-U'MlrmtU-nl ndvlcc. In connexion with lh«'Ho tilings con- 
•hlrrlDg. 

In pMitirular, First. The end connoqnpnooB whirh nrc to be fenrod. If Do. Meyer 
continues In this course. In reference both — to this congregation fornn-rly flotirlsh- 
Ing nn<l nmnerous — nn<l to the Clinrlcr of the f'buroh which cxprcuHly hlndn It to 
the obsorvnnco of tlio nilcR of Chnrch govoriuncnt estnhllHhcd nt I)ort In the 
yonrs ir.is & 1010. to which rules moreover Do. Meyer Is iKnind both by his Cftll 
and the oft repented friendly advice of the Convention of neighboring churches of 
New York and of his own Consistory. 

Moreover. Helng entirely persuaded that the Church of Kingston Is subordinate 
to the Classls to which It belongs. I. e. of Amsterdam as appears — from the Call 
of Its former Minister Do. Manclus and from that of Do. Meyer himself — and also 
from a particular resolution of the Consistory of this chureh registered In the 
Books of the Church — and also from the fact that there neither Is any Classli 
In this Country nor can be any because our Rules of Church government are In 
general opposed thereto, and the Kev. Synod of North Holland and the Rev. Classli 
of Amsterdam have passed expressed resolutions to the contrary — Observing 

Further, That the obstinate refusal of this proper sulwrdlnatlon to thla Classls 
la nothing else than a reJecUon of the Laws of the Church themselves, a dissolu- 
tion of all existing relations between himself and the Netherlands Reformed 
Church, and an attempt to introduce entire Independence — and consequently that 
Do. Meyer at this moment stands under no Classls whatever.— Considering 

Lastly. That — By the refusal of the above mentioned subordination which the 
Convention with the Synod of North Holland and the Classls of Amsterdam re- 
gards as the only means under God of preserving the pure doctrines of our 
religion, the peace of the churches as well as the gracious charter of his majesty — 
By the contempt showed by him to the Rev. Synod of North Holland and the 
Classls of Amsterdam. — By the sneering and defying answer sent by him to Dos. 
Rltzema and De Ronde In reply to their friendly and mild letter of advice ad- 
dressed to him by order of our rjcclcslasticle Convention In New York under the 
Classls of Amsterdam— and by his farther conduct charged and proved before this 
Convention — By all these a sad schism accompanied with discord and hatred and 
envy, causing a lamentable interruption of good order and of the edification of 
the Church has been occasioned, the result of which must be, if things continue 
In this state, the entire destruction of this Church formerly so flourishing — Tail- 
ing into consideration also that which Is charged against his offensive preaching. 

This Convention can conclude, from all this and what more has been presented to 
It, nothing else than that Do. Meyer has persevered in this course of conduct so 
long as to have destroyed his usefulness to the Church and consequently that since 
this Convention Is called upon to act upon this matter, the unavoidable necessity 
Is Imposed upon it of restoring this Church so lamentably divided. And since 
ail other nieiins hitherto applied have been unavailing It regards itself as compelled 
— for the sake of the honor of God who is a God of order and not of confusion — 
for the restoration of peace, order and edification to this Church — and besides for 
the peace of the consciences of its members as being lawfully assembled in this 
behalf — to proceed, however great may be their unwillingness and reluctance on 
other accounts, however sincere and deep may be their grief at the step to 
censure him, as it now, by this act, does censure Do. Hermanus Meyer, Minister 
In the Church of Kingston, directing him to abstain from the Holy Ministry and 
everything appertaining to it and from the participation as well as the adminis- 
tration of the Holy Supper — for the period of six weeks — during which time he is 
urged to be present in the Church whenever God's Word is preached — and after 
its expiration If he should come to repentance, as this Convention heartily hopes 
and prays he may, to make known his repentance before the Church and the repre- 
sentatives of the above mentioned neighboring churches and the earnest desire and 
petition of this Convention is — that the God of Peace will be pleased to lead him 



OF THE State of New York. 4045 

during that time by tlie spirit of wisdom and liumility to tlie Iiumiliatioa over 
his former misconduct and unfeigned repentance. A result like this would be 
to this Convention the occasion of the highest joy, so deeply does it now grieve 
that it has been compelled to take this disagreeable and painful step. 

But if it be otherwise and there be no confession of such repentance, ho shall 
remain under censure until the Convention shall write concerning the matter to the 
Classis of Amsterdam and receive thence an answer upon the same, and by the 
sentence which it shall convey this convention shall be governed. 

And it Is further resolved, that this Resolution be made known to the Church 
at the next public divine service and that a copy of the same be sent to Do. 
Meyer. 

Done in our Ecclesiastical Convention in the Consistory Room in Kingston this 
12th day of February, 1766. 

Signed 
Johannes ten Eyck J. C. Fryenmoet, p. t. Praescs. 

Hendrik Miesik 

Hendrik Beringer Gerh. Dan. Cock, Assessor. 

Cornelius Miller 

Aart Middag Is. Rysdyk, p. t. Scriba. 

Gysbrecht Schenck 

Cornells Luister V 

Isaac Adriaanse. 

The Convention was then dissolved with thanksgiving to God and earnest prayer 
for Do. Meyer and his Church. 

Q. T. 

Is. Rysdyk, p. t. Scriba. 



The Coxve^^tion AVhicii Tried Eev. H. Meyer, to Him, 
AisrxouNciNG Their Decision. Feb. 13, 17C0. 

Rev. Sir Much-esteemed Brother : — 

It has been exceedingly painful to us that we have been compelled to act in 
this unpleasant matter, and under circumstances, as you will readilj' acknowledge, 
the most difficult and disagreeable p'osslble to ingenuous minds for the transaction 
of business of this character. And now it is with no less pain that we are 
compelled to send to you the accompanying resolution. 

Had not the duties of our office urged us to this step, we assure you that we 
never should have meddled in the affairs of one whose many virtues we have not 
failed either to remember or esteem. 

We sincerely and conscientiously declare to you In the sight of God whose eyes 
are especially upon us, that we could by no means persuade ourselves that any 
other Ecclesias