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Ecclesiastical Records 

State of New York 

Published by the State under the sapervision of 
HUGH HASTINGS, State Histonan . 

Volume IV 




Nlay 1913 



(All documents arranged under the heads of the respective governors, and in 

chronological order.) 

1725, PAGE. 

June 7 Dutch Chuich of New York. Information to be sought about 

every farm on Fordham Manor, to regulate the leases 2309 

8 Statement or Declaration of certain ministers, to those 
•• Cited " by Frelinghuysen and his Consistories, justifying 
them in the Publication of their '• Complaint "" or " Reply 
to the Letters of Citation '" 2309-2312 

(June?) Certain Poems bearing on the case of Frelinghuysen and the 

Complainants 2312-2317 

(June?) Preface to the Complaint 2317-2329 

Sept. 3 Acts of Classis, Call of Rev. R. Erickzon to the churches 
of Haekensack. Schraalenberg and Paramus. Booklets pre- 
sented to the Classis about the dissensions in the Churches 

on the Raritan 2330 

■ 4 Act^ of the Deputies. Call of Rev. Henricus Coens to 
Aquackononck and Belleville; and of Rev. R, Ericson to 
Xew Barbadoes. or Haekensack. Their ordinations 2331 

Oct. 5 Rev. John Jacob Ehle to Society for Propagating the Gospel. 2332 
Report of the Deputies on the book styled " Complaint against 
Frelinghuysen. " Frelinghuysen and his Consistoiy re- 
quested to answer 2332, 2333 

Nov. 2 Extracts from a letter from the Raritan Complainants, 
Apologizes for sending over the Complaint without a letter. 
Later events; at Raritan. Rumors of denials of the acta 
of suspension: Gk>elefs statements. Had locked up the 
chiuch against Frelinghuysen. but had subsequently lost 
■* possession of it. Wish another minister from Holland. 
Dutch churches subject to another Ci%-il Power: yet almost 
all depend on Classis of Amsterdam. Does Frelinghuysen 
still belong to the Dutch Church? What would now be 
done with a minister in Holland, who followed the Laba- 
dists and Mennonites. Ask for extracts of their Acts ap- 
pointing Frelinghuysen: and for speedy advice. This let- 
ter endorsed by Du Bois. Boel. Antonides and Vas. . . 2333-2335 
Rev. Wm. C. Berkenmeyer at Quassaick. occasionally, 
1725-1731 .*. 2335 


iv Table of Contents. 

1726. PAGE. 

Nov. 2 Account of Negroes imported into New York, 1700-1726 2336 

Census of New Jersey, 1726 2336, 2337 

Jan. 5, 9 Dutch Church of New York. Barend de Forest appointed 
Schoolmaster. His duties. Publication from the Pulpit 

of his appointment 2337-2343 

8 Report on the Raritan case. Letters written 2343 

Feb. 12 Dutch Church of New York. Proposition to build a new 

church 2343, 2344 

19 Further Report on Raritan case 2344 

March 1 Governor Burnet to Rev. Wm. C. Berkenmeyer, as to his 

rights on the Glebe at Quassaick 2344, 2345 

April 1 Case of Frelinghuysen remains in statu 2345 

May 6 Resolution of the State regarding the earliest age at which 

men can be called to the ministiy 2345-2347 

June 2 Gov. Burnet to the Lords of Trade. Public papers to be 
sent. Reports of Christenings and Burials. Small num- 
ber of Church of England ministers 2347, 2348 

14 Rev. Cornelius Van Santvoord to Classis of Amsterdam. The 
" Complaint against Frelinghuysen " sent the year before. 
Van Santvoord alluded to unpleasantly in the Preface and 
Declaration of said Book. His " Defence " of himself in a 

Dialogue 2348-2351 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen. Their re- 
ception of the book styled " The Complaint " etc. The 
book examined. Prolix, and many points unimportant. 
Seventeen points specified, which Classis wishes him to 
answer. Kind admonition that he should work for peace. 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Henry Boel. His letter and 
request, about the difficulties at Raritan, received. Com- 
plaint of the prolixity of the Book against Frelinghuysen. 
Have notified Frelinghuysen to answer. Exhortation to 
peace 2356, 2357 

July 3 Rev. Mr. Vesey to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. 
Requests an Assistant. 1400 Indians and Negro slaves to 
be taught. Many communicants among them. Mr. Neau, 
formerly eatechist ; now Mr. Wetmore 2357 

13 Dutch Church of New York. Manor of Fordham 2357, 2358 

14 Dutch Church of New York. Ground to be purchased for a 

second church building. (Nassau and Cedar Sts.) 2358 

21 Dutch Church of New York. Deeds shown for land for new 

church 2358 

22 Classis of Amsterdam. The book styled, " Freeman's De- 

fence " received 2359 

Aug. 29 Dutch Church of New York. Deeds for land. Money to be 

paid 2359 

July 30-Aug. 8 Synod of North Holland. Departure of Coens and 

Erickson for America 2359 

Table of Contents. v 

1726. PAGE. 

•Sept. 4 Trinity Chiircli. Rev. Mr. Colgan appointed to the Parish 

of Rye. He and Mr. Wetmore of Trinity exchange places. 2360 

22 Dutch Church of New York. Manor of Fordham 2360 

Call of Rev. Martin Henry Nieuwpoort to the Dutch Church 
of Constantinople. Freeman's Defence still in hands of 
Committee. Van Santvoord's Dialogue, in his Defence, re- 
ceived. Referred to the Committee. Letter from the Com- 
plainants also received. Examination of students for For- 
eign Lands. First requirement to reject the errors of 
Prof. Roel 2360-2362 

Oct. 7 Report on the Raretan case. Classis can give no decision 
until Frelinghuysen has been heard in his own defence. 
Some answer ought at once to be made to the Complain- 
ants, since they only ask advice from Classis, instead of a 
judgment. The ministers who endorsed the Complaint, 
ought also to be written to, urging them to promote peace; 
to dissuade them from ideas of independence; that Classis 
does not think it necessary to defend itself, by sending over 
to America, extracts concerning their appointment of 
Frelinghuysen. That Freeman be written to, individually, 
not commending the style of his Defence; that he be re- 
quested to admonish Frelinghuysen to moderation, and to 
clear himself of the charges; that Freeman himself must 
abstain from fanning the flames of discord, as he has done 
in his pamphlet; that he make charges in an orderly way; 
to ask him why he and Bartholf assumed the right to ap- 
prove Frelinghuysen's Sermons, when such approval be- 
longs to Classis. — To notify Van Santvoord that Ms 
Dialogue had been received, but that it was desirable that 
so much agitation had not been made; that he should ad- 
monish Frelinghuysen to moderation and to defend him- 
self 2362-2364 

Classis of Amsterdam, to the Complainants. Their " Com- 
plaint " received. Frelinghuysen requested to answer. Re- 
bukes them for shutting up the church against Freling- 
huysen: and for not appealing to Classis to act as a judge, 

instead of only asking advice 2364, 2365 

28 Letters to the Complainants, and to the ministers who en- 
dorsed tlie Complaint, read and approved 2366 

Nov. 10 Rules for Sabbath Observance at Albany 2366 

Dec. 1 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois, Antonides, Boel and 
Vas. Letter to " Complainants " enclosed. Waiting for 
Defence of Frelinghuysen. Request them to rebuke " Com- 
plainants " for shutting up their church against Freling- 
huysen. Danger of the churches losing their liberties. 
Disapproves their apparent recognition of independence by 
the Complainants. Difficulty of governing churches under 
another Civil Power. But some of the Dutch churches 

vi Table of Conteists. 

I'^^G. PAGE. 
have charters to regulate their affairs, as under the Synod 
of Dort. Classis insists on its judicial position over this 
ease at Raretan, although it cannot enforce them in an- 
other dominion. — The ministers who endorsed the " Com- 
plaint " need to reconsider their conduct in this. Classis 
passes by some objectionable expressions in their letter. 
The grief of Classis over the disputes, as seen by the Com- 
plaint, and the books of Freeman and Van Zantvoord. 
Exhortations to all to peace. Extracts from earlier letters, 
those of Selyns and Du Bois, acknowledging their subordi- 
nation to Classis 2366-2370 

Dec. 1 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. B. Fi'eeman. His letter and 
book, his " Defence " received. His book very unsatisfac- 
tory, and positively harmful. Urged to stifle the flames 
of discord and promote peace. His iiTegular accusation of 
some minister of heterodoxy. Request to explain why he 
and Bartholf dared to assume the prerogative of Classis 

in approving Frelinghuy sen's Sermons 2371, 2372 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Cornelius Van Santvoord. 
His letter and " Dialogue "' received. The third publica- 
tion about troubles in America. Flames of discord among 
the ministers of peace. Surprise that for a supposed in- 
sult, he should go to so much trouble and expense. Dis- 
putes made worse. The book not orderly or accurate. 
Seeks to defend Frelinghuy sen. Hard to say on which 
side the most blame. Exhortation to promote peace. . 2372-2374 
27 Dutch Church of New York. Second Appointment of Barend 

de Forest as Schoolmaster 2374, 2375 


Jan. 12, 15, 26 Dutch Church of New York. Committee to notify 
Gov. Buraet of the project to build a new church, and 
asking his approval. Approval. Collection of bonds for 
the same 2375, 2376 

March 7 Dutch Church in New York. Suggestions for the building of 
the new church. Release of a debtor from confinement. — 
March 9. Plans of the new church. Overseers of the 
building. March 16, 22. Directions to the Overseers. 2376-2380 
30 Palatine Lutheran Church of Quassaick call Rev. Wm. C. 
Berkenmyer of New York, to officiate twice a year for 
them 2380, 2381 

April 5 Dutch Church of New York. Further orders respecting the 

new church 2381 

6 Acts of the Deputies. Extracts from letter of Rev. T. J. 
Frelinghuysen. Had received letter of Classis of June 6, 
1726. Malice, the origin of the " Complaint ". Will pub- 
lish a '■ Refutation ". His answers to the seventeen points 

Table of Contents. vii 

1727. PAGE. 

alluded to. Generally false. See answers in detail, com- 
paring the two letters — that of the Classis of June, 1726, 

and this one 2381-2388 

April 7 Examination of Aegidius Luyck and othei-s 2388, 21^89 

13 Latin certificate of ordination of John Van Driessen at New 

Haven 2389 

Dutch Church of Xew York. Further contracts for new 

building 2390 

May 31 Dutch Church of Xew York. Plans for the new church. 2390, 2391 
July 8 Induction of ReA^ Thos. Stanard over Episcopal Church of 

Westchester 2391, 2392 

14 Gov. Burnet to the Bishop of London. Presbyterians at Ja- 

maica began suit to recover their church property 2392 

Sept. 1 Classis receives letters from Raritan 2392 

15 Rev. Cornelius Van Santvoord to Rev. John Hagelis, min- 

ister at Amsterdam. His " Dialogue " on the Raritan Dis- 
pute has tended to pacification. Book more important in 
America than it seems to Classis. Blame on both sides. 

Suggestions as to peace 2393-2395 

Xov. 2 Dutch Church of New York. Accounts of new church 2395 

10 Action of Classis on Raritan disputes. Former Deputati to 

help the new 2395 

15 Modification of oath, when taken by Jews 2395 

16 Dutch Church of New York. Further arrangements respect- 

ing the new church building 2396, 2397 

29 Licenses required in Albany, to sell strong Liquor 2397 

Dee. 15 Dutch Church of New York. Appointment of Henry M. Keck 
as Organist. Gift of an Organ by the Governor. Terms 
of appointment. Style of music 2397-2399 

Classis receives letters from New York, from Revs. Du Bois 
and Boel. xVbstract of same 2400 

Dutch Church of New York. Manor of Fordham leases. 2400, 2401 

Classis receives letters from Revs. Santvoord, Du Bois and 
Boel 2401 

Report of Classis of Amsterdam, on the differences in the 
churches of the Raritan. Many severe expressions used by 
Frelinghuysen in his reply. Some things mentioned by us 
he neglects in his reply. Many of the accusations are posi- 
tively denied. Others he acknowledges, but defends. That 
he intends to publish a Refutation of the '' Complaint ". 
He refers to several printed pamphlets on this business. 


Rule in reference to baptizing illegitimate children 2405 

14 Dutch Church of New York. Plans in reference to new 

church 2405, 2406 

±1 ^o 







viii Table of Contents. 

1728. PAGE. 

April 18 Dutch Church of New York. Address to the New Governor, 

Montgomery. Plans in reference to new church 2406 

26 Certificate of Ordination of University of Heidelberg to Rev. 

George Weiss 2406 

29 Commission to the Bishop of London for exercising jurisdic- 
tion in the American Colonies. Latin and English. . . 2407-2413 

May 3 Further consideration by the Classis, of the Dispute at Rari- 
tan. The excommunication, the principal mistake. Final 
decision yet reserved for certain reasons: our non-juris- 
diction; the churches under another Civil Government; 
contradictory testimony; premature decision might increase 
the strife. Exhortations should be sent to both parties to 
come to terms; or choose arbitrators in America. Other- 
wise, further proofs demanded 2413-2415 

June 27 Dut^'h Church of New York. The new church building 2415 

28 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen. Aston- 
ished for his st;^le of language. Requested not to publish 
his " Refutation ". Reasons for reserving decision. Ex- 
horted to peace. His excommunications of members not 
legal. His failure to answer certain questions. Should 
make confessions and retractions. The other parties must 
do the same. Arbitrators. Classical desire for peace. 2416-2420 
Classis of Amsterdam to the Complainants. Similar advice 
to that above 2420-2424 

July 27-Aug. 5 Synod of North Holland. Philadelphia 2424 

The Consistories of Certain German Churches in Pennsyl- 
vania to the Classis of Amsterdam 2425-2437 

Aug. 14 Dutch Church of New York. The new church building. A 

certain debt 2438 

15 Revs. Du Bois, Antonides and Boel to the Classis of Amster- 
dam. Their advice to the German ministers of Pennsyl- 
vania to write to the Classis of Amsterdam 2438, 2439 

Oct. 4 Classis receives a letter from Staten Island. Anthony Cur- 
tenius received among the " Commendatos " for Foreign 
Churches. Rev. Nathan Erickzon sent to Curacoa.. . 2439-2440 

Nov. 14 Classis receives letter from New York about the German 
churches in Pennsylvania. Comforting letter to be writ- 
ten to them 2440 

20 Dutch Church of New York. The new church 2440, 2-dk4l 

28 Classis of Amsterdam to the German churches in Pennsyl- 
vania, under care of J. P. Boehm. Sympathy of Classis for 
them. Will carefully consider their circumstances. Ex- 
hortation to fidelity 2441, 2442 

Dec. 1 Classis of Amsterdam to the ministers at New York, rhe 
German churches in Pennsylvania. Exhortation that all 
should follow Church Rules in accepting certificates, when 
offered 2443, 2444 

Table of Contents. ix 

1728. PAGE. 

Dee. 12 Dutch Church of Xew York. Charges at funerals. Duties of 

Organist 2444 

Jan. 9 Dutch Church of New York. Admonition to the Organist. .. 2444 
11 Classis requests ministers of New York to honor church 

certificates from Staten Island 2445 

30 Dutch Church of New York. The Organist apologizes for his 

absences 2445 

Testimony of Peterson and Van Nostrand concerning a meet- 
ing between the Complainants and Frelinghuysen . . . 2446, 2447 
Feb. 3 (13) Consistory of T. J. Frelinghuysen to the Complainants. 
Offers to annul the Ban on certain conditions. Imitation 
to meet the Consistory on Feb. 20. Meeting held. ii.x- 
tracts of letters, requiring confessions, etc., read.... 2447-2449 
March 6, 16 Dutch Church of New York. Need of more funds to com- 
plete the new church. Appeal from pulpit for more funds. 

29 The Complainants to Eev. T. J. Frelinghuysen. Technical 
objections to the Consistory's propositions for peace. Ar- 
bitration by outside parties deemed impossible. Desire 
Frelinghuysen to comply with directions of Classis, with- 
out conditions. Frelinghuysen alone must annul the Ban, 
and recognize the Complainants as members. Complainants 
are then prepared to make suitable acknowledgments. 


May 22 Dutch Church of New Y'ork. The new church 2456, 2457 

April 4 Classis approves the Book of Frelinghuysen, styled, " The 

Mirror which does not Flatter " 2457, 2458 

5 Governor's license to make a collection to aid in complet- 
ing the new Dutch Church in New Y''ork 2458 

19 Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen to the Complainants. Is willing to 

obey the Classis but not the conditions of the Complain- 
ants. Classis requires of the Complainants acknowledg- 
ment of their imprudence and the recognition of Freling- 
huysen as their lawful minister. This must be done in 
writing. Then the ban will be removed. Arbitrators may 
then be appointed. Complainants may remain in the Reces- 
sion Congregation, of 1727, organized by Eev. Coens. His 
action in this not to be approved. The ban not to be with- 

dra\^Ti until they confess 2459-2461 

June 10 The Complainants to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen. Many techni- 
cal and verbal criticisms of his letter to them of April 
19, 1729 2461-2468 

20 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Brethren in Pennsylvania. 

Classis ratines all the Acts of Rev. J. P. Boehm, before his 
ordination. That he must now be ordained by the min- 
isters in New Y^'ork. Boehm's Church Rules endorsed. 
This action of Classis not to be regarded as a precedent. 


X Table of Contents. 

1'29. PAGE. 

June 20 Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. John Philip Boehm. Call 
of the German churches upon him to be considered legal, 
from necessity. Must now be ordained by the Dutch min- 
isters of New York 2471-2473 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the ministers of New York. 
Request them to ordain John Philip Boehm, nomine 

Classis 2473-2475 

July 26 Synod of North Holland, Philadelphia 2475 

18, Oct. 3 Anthonius Curtenius assigned to go to New Nether- 
land. His examination and ordination 2475, 2476 

3a-Aug. 26 Dutch Church of New York. Church of Fordham. 2476 


Oct. 23 and Nov. 13 Dutch Church of New York. Bonds 2477-2478 

Nov. 14 Liquor licenses required in Albany 2478 

20 Three Mile Run, N. J., raises a subscription for a pastor. . . . 2478 

23 Ordination of John Philip Boelim in New York. Review of 
, the circumstances. Substance of the letters of the Classis 

of Amsterdam on this business. New ministers for the Ger- 
man churches to be sought from the Classis of Amster- 
dam. Salary of Domine Boehm. The Gennan Elders and 
Deacons to subscribe to the Dutch Doctrines and Discip- 
line. Their subscriptions. Record of the Ordination. 2478-^84 

24 Reconciliation between Domines Boehm and Weiss .... 2484-2487 
20 Documents about Boehms' ordination in New York to be 

recorded 2487 

29 The Lutheran Church in Albany 2488 

Dec. 18 Dutch Cliurch of New York. The new church 2488, 2489 

New Volume of Sennons by Frelinghuysen 2490 

Jan. 1 Dutch Church of New York. Appointment of Jan de la Mon- 
tague, as sexton. Eight particulars as to his duties in the 
Building. Four particulars as to his duties to the Con- 
sistory. Four particulars as to his duties about the gi'aves. 
Prices at funerals. His special payments for duties to the 
i Elders; for his duties to the Deacons; for his duties to the 

Church Masters. Prices for graves 2490-2495 

25 Dutch Church of New York. Request of John P. Zenger to 

be organist 2495, 2496 

Feb.-^Marcli. Advertisement by Rev. George Llichael Weiss for scholars. 2496 
April 13 Consistories of Poughkeepsie and Fishkill to certain ministers 
at Amsterdam, giving them power of attorney to call a 

pastor for them. His duties and salary 2497-2502 

17 Consistories of Poughkeepsie and Fishkill to the Classis of 

Amsterdam about their call 2503-2506 

The Consistory of Freehold and Middletown, N. J., to cer- 
tain individuals in Amsterdam to secure a minister for 
them. Their circumstances. Employment of Rev. Joseph 
Morgan, a Presbyterian, for twenty years; giving them 

Table of Contents. 


1730. PAGE. 

one-fourth of his time. Desirability of a Dutch minister. 
Power of Attorney to call. His qualifications and duties. 
His compensations. Attestations 2506-2513 

July 25-Aug. SjTiod of North Hollond. Philadelphia 2513, 2514 

17 Classis of Amsterdam and the German church of Philadel- 
phia 2514 

Sept. 4 Rev. Geo. M. Weiss of Philadelphia, visits the Classis of 
Amsterdam. Opposition to Rev. J. P. Boehm. Asks aid to 
build a church in Philadelphia 2514, 2515 

Oct. 2 Action of Classis on the affairs of Rev. J. P. Boehm. Reaffir- 
mation of the legality of Boehm's ministry. New Report 
desired on the Frelinghuysen and Raritan Affair. . . . 2515, 2516 

6 Dutch Church of New York. Pews 2516-2519 

14 Rev. Jedediah Andrew's testimony to the German minister 

of Philadelphia 2519 

Dec, 5 Classis sends letters to Pennsylvania. Rev. Weiss and Elder 
Reiff raising money for the churches in Pennsylvania. Let- 
ters received from New York about ordination of Boehm. 
Acts of the Synod to be sent yearly to New York. Report 
on the Raritan case. Rev. Frelinghuysen very sick. Peace 
negotiations broken off. Complainants desire to be released 
from their excommunication, and to call a minister for 
themselves; have sent poAver of attorney. Poughkeepsie 

and Fishkill have done the same 2519-2521 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John P. Boehm. Sympathy of 
Classis. Sorrow at their schisms. Suggest exchange of 
pulpits between Boehm and Weiss in the interest of peace. 

Exhortation to cultivate gentleness and peace 2521-2523 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Ovei*seers of the Three German 
churches. References to the factions existing. Exhorta- 
tions to peace 2523-2524 

Classis of Amsterdam to the church of Schipback. Opposi- 
tion of some to Boehm's ordination. Importance of peace 
in the church. Exhortations to recognize Boehm's ordina- 
tion and to promote peace 2524-2528 

Classis of Amsterdam to the ministers of New York. Com- 
mends their exact obedience in reference to the ordination 
of Boehm; and their laborious correspondence about the 
churches. Their letters to Boehm and his opponents. Rev. 
Weiss and Elder Reiff in Holland to raise money for the 
church of Pennsylvania. Weiss's inclinations for peace. 
Much money raised by Weiss and Reiff. Acts of Synod to 
be sent to America. Decision on the Raritan disputes de- 
layed 2528-2532 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of Poughkeepsie and 
yishkill. Congratulations on their determination to have a 
minister. Minister will be sent as soon as possible.. 2533, 2534 

Jan. 9 Gerard Haagoort accepted by the Classis as " Commendatus *' 

for foreign churches — Raritan case still pending 2534 

xii Table of Contents. 

1731. PAGE. 

Jan. 9 Petition to be allowed to collect funds to build a Dutch 

Cbureh at Fishkill 2534, 2535 

Feb. 19, March 19. Society for Propagating the Gospel receive a letter 
dated June 15, 1730, from Kev. John J. Ehlig (Shle, Oehl;) 
for Bishop of London — Consideration of Mr. Ehlig's let- 
ter — • His poor circumsti^nce^ 2535 

April 2 Cornelius Van Schie received in Classis as " Comniendatus " 
for foreign churches — Rev. Gerard Hagoort called to Free- 
hold and Middletown, X. J. — His examination and ordina- 
tion — Clafesis receives a Report on the Raritan case — The 
Complainants released from their excommunication. .2535, 2536 

14 Dutch Church of New York — Rules about Pews 2537 

May 7 Classis approves letters to be sent to Raritan, Millstone (or 
Harlingen) and other places — Action about sending copies 
of Minutes of Synod to New York and Cape of Good Hope . 2537 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory at Raritan — Sym- 
pathy for sickness of Frelinghuysen — Sorrow at their con- 
tinued troubles — Exhortation to Peace — Classis refuses to 
allow the disaffected to call another minister; releases the 
disaffected from their excommunication — Exhortation 

against certain irregularities 2538-2540 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Complainants at Raritan — 
Grief at their estrangements — Joy at their submission to 
Classical authority, and at their expressed desires for peace 
— Sorrow that peace was not accomplished; and at Freling- 
huysen's sickness ; also at alleged irregularities — Classis 
releases them from their excommunication — Exhortation 
not to boast about it — Refuses to allow them to call an- 
other pastor — Desires further information about the Eng- 
lish dissenter's preaching 2540-2544 

Classis of Amsterdam to the (Seceded) Consistories of Har- 
ligen, Old Raritan and Three Mile Run — Classis refuses 

to allow them to call a pastor 2544, 2545 

29 Messrs. Knibbe and Wilhelm to Church of North and South 

Hampton, Pa 2545 

June 4 Call of Cornelius Yan Schie to Poughkeepsie and Fishkill — 

His examination and ordination 2545, 2546 

7 Certain ministers in Amsterdam to the Consistories of Pough- 
keepsie and Fishkill — Van Schie accepts their call . . 2546, 2547 
16 Rev. Mr. Foyer to the Society for Propagating the Gospel — 
Their missionary at Jamaica for twenty-one years — Con- 
tentions with the Independents — Law-suits go against the 
Episcopal Church — Asks to be permitted to return to Great 

Britain on account of the infirmities of age 2547 

28 Rev. Mr. Colgan applies to be sent to the Episcopal Church of 
Jamaica in place of Rev. Mr. Poyer — Testimonials as to 
character 2548 

Table of Contents. xiii 

1731. PAGE. 


July 2 Rev. Peter Van Driessen to the Clasais of Amsterdam — Teach- 
ing the Indians for twenty years, besides his Albany charge 

— One tribe Christianized — Another tribe under instruction 

— Had taught them gratis — Had refused to apply to the 
English Society for assistance — Indians desire to give him 
land; and ask that churches might be built near their 
castles — Asks pecuniary help from Classis 2548-2550 

31-Aug. 9 Freehold and Middletown — -Revs. Haeghoort and Van 

Schie 2551 

Aug.-Nov. Great Epidemic in New York 2551 

Aug. 12 Church of Nev\^ York — Arrangements of preaching 2551 

Sept. 1 Church of New York — Proposed amendment to Dutch Church 

Charter 2551, 2552 

12 Rev. Peter Van Driessen to Rev. Mauritius Grome, at the 
Hague — His labors in instructing the Indians — OjEfers of 
Governors to recommend him to the English Society for aid 
— Refusals — Asks for help from the Classis of the Hague. 2552 

18 The Complainants at Ravitan, to Rev. T. J. Freiinghuysen — 
Classis had released them from the excommunication; had 
also disapproved his allowing an English dissenter in his 
pulpit; requests that he and his Consistory do not submit 

to the decisions of the Classis 2553, 2554 

28 The Consistory of Navesink to certain ministers in Amster- 
dam — Safe arrival of domine Haagoort — Great satisfaction 

in him — Their gratitude 2554, 255» 

Oct. 1 Letters to be written by the Claasis to the ministers in New 
York, also to Revs. Boehm and Weiss, in reference to re- 
turn of Weiss, and the disposition of the moneys collected, 2556 
2 The Raritan churches to the Classis of Amsterdam — Recov- 
ery of Freiinghuysen — Thanks for admonitions — Willing 
to regard the Complainants relieved of the Ban, if they will 
acknowledge our doctrines as orthodox, and unite with us — 
They take no liberties with the Church Order, except as all 
do here, when circumstances require — The English dissenter, 
Tennent, misrepresented — Entirely separated from us — 
Rev. Joseph Morgan also an English dissenter, preaches for 
the Dutch and English — The Dutch in this region, long 
dependent on Morgan — Should they persecute Presbyter- 
ians? — Classis completely misled 2556, 2557 

4 Cliurches of Poughkeepsie and Fishkill, N. Y. — Rev. Cor. Van 

Schie 2557, 2558 

6 The Consistory of the Raritan congregation to the Complain- 
ants — The desire of the Consistory for peace — The Com- 
plainants' interpretation of the letter of Classis not correct 

— The release from the Ban, because of their professed long- 

xiv Table of Contents. 

1731. PAGE. 

ing to enjoy the sacrament — Tlie Ban not declared illegal — 
The Classis only desires peace and union — Must show their 
willingness to acknowledge Frelinghuysen as orthodox, and 
accept the regulations of the church — The Consistory will 
preserye pure doctrine — A speedy ansAver desired . . 2558, 2559 

Oct. 19 The Classis of Amsterdam to the ministers in New York — 
Desires information about Weiss and Reiff, and the moneys 

collected 2559, 2560 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. George M. Weiss — Sur- 
prised at receiving no letter about his arrival, or the funds — 
Desire information at once — Exhortation to peace with Rev. 

Boehm 2560, 2561 

30 Trinity Church, New York, to Society for Propagating the 

Gospel 2561, 2562 

Nov. 3 Rev. Mr. Campbell to the Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel — Gives his reasons why Mr. Poyer desired to return 
home, and Rev. Mr. Colgate desired to go to Jamaica .... 2562 

Dec. 18 Classis receives a letter from Rev. Peter Van Driessen, with 

a treatise of Van Drissen on the Catechism 2562 

20 Church of New York — Precentor, Sexton, Pews — English 
Language only to be used in Courts — Census of New 

York 2562, 2563 


Jan. 13. Rev. R. Erickson to Classis of Amsterdam — Reference to the 
ordination at New Haven, of John Van Driessen — Installed 
by his brother at Kinderhook and Claverack — His intru- 
sions at Kingston and vicinity — Desires Classis to make 
a declaration concerning his character, and the illegality of 

his orders for Dutch churches 2564 

Colden's Report on Grants of Land, and Vacating Acts — Im- 
plied references to Dellius 2565 

1732-42. Revivals in America — References to Authorities 2565 

Jan. 25 Rev. Alexander Campbell to Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel — Death of Rev. Mr. Poyer — Success of the Presby- 
terians in getting the church property at Jamaica — Next 
missionary will also lose the salary raised by taxation — 
Applies for the place, however 2565 

Feb. 4 Classis of the Hague receives application from Rev. Peter Van 

Driessen for help — Referred 2565, 2566 

7 The Complainants to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen and his Consis- 
toiy — Decline to compare letters in full — As to their 
opinion of the legality of the P>an, and as to Frelinghuyeen's 
orthodoxy, refer to their letters of 1729 — Classis has re- 
leased them from the Ban — Peace and reunion offered on 
following conditions: That they should without stipula- 
tions, comply \\1th the Church Order of Holland; and in 
accordance with command of Classis, (1) Recognize us as 
released from the Ban, and recosrnize us as in full church- 

Table of Contents. xv 

1732. PAGE. 

membership. (2) Eetuni to the old footing, in everything, 
of the Dutch Church. (3) In order to peace, that the present 
Consistory resign. (4) That a new Consistory be chosen, 
half by each side. (5) That after installation, the new 
Consistory join with Rev. Frelinghuysen in full peace, and 
for the preservation of order, against that dissenter. 
(6) That future disputes be settled by our own preachers 
and all the others of this land, or to five of them, being 
orthodox. (7) That certificates of membership from other 
churches, be honored. (8) That you show proper respect to 
all other of our ministers, and apologize to those whom you 
have offended — They offer to agree to the above, and 

(1) They will acknowledge Fi-elinghuysen as their pastor. 

(2) When his Consistory resign their offices, the Complain- 
ants will also resign theirs (in their seceded congregations). 

(3) That they will comply with the Dutch Church Order in 
all things, and will live in Christian unity — These Peace- 
Articles to be subscribed yearly by all newly elected mem- 
bers of Consistory — Wish for a favorable answer.. 2566-2568 

Feb. 14 The Consistory of Raritan to the Complainants — Pleased with 
their friendly expressions and desires. (1) Will grant first 
condition, if they will acknowledge the doctrines taught by 
Frelinghuysen as orthodox, as Classis required. (2) Agree 
to, and do follow the Church Order, as far as circumstances 
here admit. (3) Cannot consent to the resignation of the 
whole Consistory, except on demand of Classis — They had 
promised to carry out wishes wof Classis. (4) Willing that 
some new members should be elected, but not by your repre- 
sentatives, as such, but by those present, as Constitution 
requires. (5) The Classis was wrongly inforaied about Rev. 
Gilbert Tennent, a Presbyterian dissenter — Not a Colleague 
— Was not invited by Frelinghuysen — (See under, date of 
May 4, 1732) —Cannot ignore the Presbyterians. (6) Will 
gladly submit disputes to the Dutch ministers here — But 
first inform us. (7) As to Certificates: Classis is satisfied 
with us. (8) We all desire brotherly harmony — Will for- 
get and forgive everything — Will be glad to have a joint 
meeting — ■ Neither you nor we wish to write again . . 2568-2570 

Alarch 13 Church of New York — Proposal to have Haeghoort preach 
again with a view to calling him — The ministers, the com- 
mittee to invite him 2570, 2571 

23 Raritan churches to Classis of Amsterdam. (This is only a 
postscript to letter of Oct. 2, 1731, which see).— Terms of 
peace proposed by the Complainants and answered — Will- 
ing to submit to Classis 2'5"1 

1732? Spring? Church of Kingston, to the Classis of Amsterdam — In- 
trusion of Rev. John Van Driessen, and schisms caused 

xvi Table of Contents. 

1732. PAGE. 

thereby — All the villages of Ulster under one pastor, Peter 
Vas — Lived in peace and unity — Van Driessen came from 
Holland without ordination or even a certificate of any kind 
• — Ordained by the Independents — Settled at Kinderhook 
and Claverack — Eejected hj the latter church for miscon- 
duct — Intruded himself in Ulster, in the absence of Rev. 
Vas — Created a schism — Encouraged by his brother, Rev. 
Peter Van Driessen — Attempt to vindicate John Van Dries- 
sen — Meeting called at Kingstone — Broke up in tumult — 
Bad results of John Van Driessen's intrusion — Asks help 

of Classis 2571-2573 

April 3 Cliurch of New York — Calling of Haeghoort left to the Rul- 
ing Consistory 2573-2575 

7 Rev. Peter Van Drissen asks aid of Classis to build two new 

churches — More definite information to be asked for. 2575, 2576 

8 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Peter Van Driessen — Praises 

his zeal for the Indians — Desires more accurate informa- 
tion in order to give a satisfactory reply 2576. 2577 

12, 13 Church of New York — Draught of call on Rev. Haeghoort — 
His congregation in Monmouth Co., N. J., to be reimbursed 
for expenses in bringing him to America — Salary of John 
Peter Zenger as organist — Note on Zenger 2577-2579 

18 Consistory of Kinderhook to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
The zeal of Rev. Peter Van Driessen to secure ordination for 
his brother John — Receives ordination at New Haven — 
Called to labor on Livingston Manor — Settled at Kinder- 
hook and Claverack — Installed by his brother — Preaches 
eloquently and acceptably — Spirit of Jealousy and division 
at Claverack — Ask advice of Classis 2580, 2581 

21 Consistories of Poughkeepsie and Fishkill to certain minis- 
ters at Amsterdam — Safe arrival of Rev. Cornelius Van 

Schie — Hearty thanks of the churches 2581, 2582 

May 1 Rev. Gerardus Haeghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Safe an-ival — Hearty reception — People becoming Angli- 
cized for lack of Dutch schools — Schisms caused by the 
preacliing of Frelinghuysen — Surprised that he was not in- 
formed of the divisions here — Rev. Joseph Morgan — 
Church becoming united again — Keeps himself aloof from 

the Raritan disputes 2582. 2583 

4 The Complainants to the Classis of Amsterdam — Thanks 
Classis for release from the Ban, and for exhortations to 
peace — Enclosed, are their offers of peace; and the reply 
from the Frelinghuysen' s Consistory — Their remarks 
thereon — Peace-Articles sent, and reply from Frelinghuy- 
sen's Consistory — Complainants' observations both on these 
Articles, and the answer made to them — Ask Classis to de- 
cide — Rev. Gilbert Tennent — Their opinion of Frelinghuy- 

Table of Contents. xvii 

1732. PAGE. 

sen's Consistory — Request Classis to allow Complainants to 
call another minister — A real Dutch Church needs to be 
organized here — Their surmises — Rev. Gilbert Tennent is 

in friendship with Frelinghuysen 2583-2588 

May 4 Declaration of the Complainants about their own relations, 

as charged, with Rev. Gilbert Tennent 2588, 2589 

5 Letter to be sent to Rev. Peter Van Driessen 2589 

7 Rev, Cornelius Van Schie to certain ministers at Amster- 
dam — His voyage over — Arrival, reception, installation — 
Smallpox in New York — Relative values of money — The 
people somewhat wild and unbroken — Schoolmaster needed. 


— Trinity Church, New York, to Society for Propagating the 

Gospel 2591 

10 Raritan Consistory explains misunderstanding — Offers arbi- 
tration 2592 

12 Revs. Du Bois and Boel to Classis of Amsterdam — Not 

found 2592 

July 7 Classis receives lettei-s from Revs. Haeghoort and Van Schie. 
Letters received by Classis from the Complainants at Raritan 
and from the regular Consistory there — Also letters from 
Rev. Vas, of Kingston, and from Rev. Ericlvzon — Ask for 
copies of their Acts, on the forged certificates of John Van 
Driessen 2592, 2593 

— Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gerard Haeghoort — Congratu- 

lations on his safe arrival and hearty reception — Surprise 
at certain expressions in his letter, that Classis had not in- 
formed him of schisms existing in Freehold — Classis asserts 
ignorance of them in that locality 2593 

— Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Cornelius Van Schie — Con- 

gratulations on his safe arrival — Important for him to 
co-operate with the other ministers for the best interests of 

the churches in New Netherland 2594 

17 Consistory of Raritan to the Classis of Amsterdam — State- 
ment that the Complainants only pretend to desire peace — 
Complainants made no response to our overtures of May 
10, 1732 about arbitration — Committee sent to them — 
They reject the arbitrators named — Consistory offered to 
call another minister, conjointly with them — Simon Wyck- 
off's declaration; would never acknowledge Frelinghuysen 
as orthodox — Some of their adherents leaving them — Re- 
fusal to let them have a separate minister will soon end all 

divisions 2594. 2595 

Rev. Peter Van Driessen to certain ministers in Amsterdam — 
His heavy labors — Rapid Christianization of the Indians 
along the Mohawk — Long continued peace — Necessity of 
churches for them to gather them in — Jesuits (from Can- 
ada) still visit them, but chiefly for political purposes — 

xviii Table of Contents. 

1732. PAGE. 

Request Classis to ask compensation for his Indian labors 

from the English Society 2595, 2596 

July 21 Report of the Deputies, that the people of Harlingen (of the 
Complainants' party) were entitled to have a minister, yet 

with precautions against separations 2596, 2597 

Synodalia — Action of the Classis on resolutions — Rev. Weiss 
and elder Reiff — Effort to recover the moneys obtained — 

Care in the printing of the Dutch Bible 2597, 2598 

25 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Harlingen — Per- 
mits them to call a minister — ^ Exhortation to peace.... 2590 
Aug. 4 Address of Dutch Church of New York to Governor Cosby, 

on his arrival 2599, 2600 

1732? The Church of Hackensack to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Safe aiTival of Domine Curtenius — Thanks of the church — 
Schraalenberg and Paramus have called Domine Mantius 
(Mancius) 2600. 2601 

15 Trusteeship of Presbyterian Property in New York put in 

charge of Presbyterian General Assembly of Scotland.... 2601 

Sept. 1 Classis has granted Church of Harlingen pennission to call a 
minister — Frelinghuysen to be written to, that he must 
make peace with the disaffected, within three months, or 
liberty will be gi-anted the Complainants to call a minister. 2601 

Fall Acts of the Deputies — Abstract of letter from the Consistory 

of Kingston in the Spring of 1732 2602-2604 

Fall. Acts of the Deputies — Abstract of letters by the Deputies; 
one from New York, dated Nov. 2, 1730, signed by Revs. 
Du Bois, Antonides and Boel: Letters received from Classis 
and forwarded — Ordination of Boehm — Secessions in his 
church — Rev. Weiss and Elder Reiff, and the moneys col- 
lected in Holland — Rev, Peter Van Driessen, and John Van 
Driessen's ordination — A second letter, dated May 12, 1732, 
by the same: Rev. Erickson and John Van Driessen — 
Rev. Peter Van Driessen — The schism at Kingston, caused 
by John Van Driessen — Arrival of Rev, G. W. Mancius 
in 1730 — Settled first among the Germans; now at Scraa- 
lenberg and Paramus — Ask for all the Acts of Synod, since 
Synod of Dort — Liberty of the Dutch Church under Great 
Britain — Offensive life of John Van Driessen 2604-2608 

Oct. 6 Letter to Raritan, (according to Sept. 1,) read and approved 
— Letters to be written to New York, to Revs. Vas and 
Erickzon; also to Rev. Peter Van Driessen with serious 
rebukes 2608 


14 Charter of New York City, confirmed 2608 

16 Specimen of a Marriage License 2608, 2609 

19 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. J, Frelinghuysen — Com- 
plaint that Frelinghuysen had not annulled the Ban without 

Table of Contents. xix 

1732. PAGE. 

conditions — Ordered to obey at once — The Church Order 
also must be adhered to — Classis allows the people of Har- 
lingen to call a pastor for themselves — Peace must be made 
within three months or the Complainants to be allowed to 

call a minister 2609, 2610 

Nov. 22 Trinity Church, New York City 2610 

Dec. 1 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Vas and Erickson — Surprise 
at the conduct of Eev. Peter Van Driessen and of John 
Van Driessen — Decision that John Van Driessen is not a 
lawful minister: Never ordained by a Dutch Classis; Inde- 
pendents had no right to ordain a minist-er for Dutch 
churches; his personal life, unfit for a minister: once pre- 
sented forged certificates to Classis 2610, 2611 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Peter Van Driessen — Surprise 
at his conduct in reference to his brother John Van Driessen, 
knowing of his evil life — Admonitions — His forged papers 
— His petition to be recommended to the English Society 
for compensation for labors among the Indians, returned to 

him 2611, 2612 

— Classis of Amsterdam to the ministers at New York — Pleas- 
ure in the correspondence — Sorrow at the discords in Penn- 
sylvania — Rev. Weiss and Elder Reiff — Fears for the 
safety of the money collected — Have written to Rev. Vas 
and Erickson, as well as to Rev. Peter Van Driessen, on 
the John Van Driessen business — Have written to the par- 
ties at Raritan, requiring obedience to decisions of Classis — 
About complete set of Minutes of Synod of North Hol- 
land — No new candidates for foreign churches.... 2612, 2613 
5 Church of New York — Rules for purchase of Vaults or 

Graves near the Nassau St. Church 2613, 2614 

19 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham, etc 2614, 2615 


Jan. 9 Church of New York 2615 

13 Rev. Peter Van Dries (sen) to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Encloses a letter to the Bishop of London, asking compen- 
sation from the English Society for his labors among the 

Indians — Refused — Letters to New York 2615, 2616 

Church of New York — Rules about Vaults, Burials, etc. 

March 2 Frelinghuysen publishes another collection of sermons — 

Preface of the same — Title of the Sermons 2618, 2619 

21 Classis hears a letter from Rev. P. Van Driessen — No reply 

to be made 2619, 2620 

21-81 Dutch Church of New York — Commission of Gerrit Van 
Wagenen as Precentor, Schoolmaster and Comforter of the 
Sick, in the Old Church Conditions and Terms — Publication 
of the Appointment 2620, 2621 

May 3/12 















XT Table of Contents. 

1733. PAGE. 

April 13 Letter of Classis to New York, read and approved 2621 

14 Rev. Maneius to Classis of Amsterdam — Not found 2621 

— Complaint against the Sheriff of Westchester for refusing the 

votes of certain Quakers — Report on the same .... 2621-2623 

— Rev. Michael Christian Knoll at Quassaick, etc 2623 

Church of New York to Classis of Amsterdam — Not found. 2623 
Governor Cosby to the Duke of New Castle — The Judges in 

New York — Intention to remove Lewis Morris, who gave 
judgment in favor of the dissenters at Jamaica .... 2623, 2624 

Church of New York — ISIanor of Fordham 2624, 2625 

Dutch Church of New York — Further Statement of Com- 
mission to Gerrit Van Wagenen, as Precentor, etc. . 2626, 2627 

Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2627 

Dutch Church of New York — Appointment of Jan Van Arn- 

heim as Foresinger, etc., in the New Cliurch 2628, 2629 

Cliurch of New York — Manor of Fordham 2629 

Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen to the Complainants — (Not found). 2629 
The Complainants to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen — (Not found). 2629 
Classis of Amsterdam to the ministers of New York — Re- 
ceived letter of May 3/12 — Thanks for their trouble in 
behalf of all the churches: and for having induced Rev. 
Maneius to correspond v/ith Classis — Address, on the Min- 
utes of Synod sent over — Permission to correspond with 
the Deputies of the Synod of North and South Holland, 
about the Pennsylvania churches — Necessity of an agent 
to care for the German churches — Rev. J. P. Boehm — 
Request concerning the reconciliation of Revs. Vas and Peter 
Van Driessen — John Van Driessen — Difficulties of the 

Raritan case 2629-2631 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. George M. Weiss — His letter 
from Catskill received — Sorry for the alienations in Penn- 
sylvania — Confusion in the accounts of the funds 2631 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. George W. Maneius — His let- 
ter from Kingston received — Glad at his willingness to cor- 
respond with Classis — Let him also correspond with the 

ministers at New York 2632 

6 Petition of the Dutch Church of Albany to the Mayor and 
Aldermen of the same — Ask for the confirmation of cer- 
tain lands — Granted 2632, 2633 

31 New York Council Journal — Act to impower the Vestry at 
Jamaica to dispose of £60. now in the hands of Church 

Wardens — Nov. 1 : Tlie Act itself 2633, 2634 

Not. 4 Indian Deed to the King for the Mohawk Flatts — The site of 

several early churches in the Mohawk Valley 2634, 2635 

25 Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — (Not 

found) 2635 

Bee. 16 Rev. Mr. Vesey to the Bishop of London — Requests him to 
see to it that the Act, above mentioned, be not confirmed — 
Intended for benefit of dissenters 2635, 2636 

Tabi.e of Contents. xxi 

1733. PAGE. 

Dec. 18 Complaint against the Sheriff of Westchester for refusing 

Quakers the right to vote 2636, 2637 

28 Report on Complaint of Quakers 2637, 2638 


Rev. Wm. Tennent 2638 

Jan. 1, 8, etc. The Peace Articles, (accepted on Nov. 18, 1733), as read 

from the Raritan pulpits 2638-2640 

12 Consistory of New York informed by Consistory at Raritan 
that Frelinghuysen was insane — Question whether he 
could be continued as their minister — Referred to Deputati. 2640 
28 Attorney General's opinion: Quakers may not vote, if they 

will not take oath 2640, 2641 

March 31 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2641 

April 5 Consideration of Frelinghuysen's condition still pending .... 2642 

30 Council Journal — Act for the relief of Quakers 2642 

May 3 Case of Frelinghuysen still pending — Ecclesiastical Bodies at 
the Cape and in New Netherland remain in the hands of the 

Deputati 2642, 2643 

10 Society for Propagating the Gospel, to the Lords of Trade — 
Rev. Mr. Colgan and the parish of Jamaica — Review of the 
Ministry Act of 1693 — Said Act confirmed by the King, 
May 11, 1697 — Explanatory Act passed in 1703 — This con- 
firmed by the King, March 30, 1704 — The Society in Eng- 
land have supplemented the salaries of their ministers in 
America to the amount of £635 sterling per year — Act of 
Nov. 1, 1733, an Act independent of all preceding Acts, 
which are not mentioned therein — Fear that the entire 
Revenue of the Ministry Act may be diverted — Ask that 

it may not be confirmed 2643-2645 

June 7 Classis receives a letter from Rev. Freeman concerning Freling- 
huysen — Referred to the Deputies 2645 

14 Rev. Mr. Colgan to the Society for Propagating the Gospel — 
Thanks for giving him the parish of Jamaica — Condition 
of the parish — Quakers and Independents, its bane — Suit 
for the church property lost — Property given to the Pres- 
byterians — Episcopalians obliged to meet in the Town 
House — Their efforts to build a new church, and their 

success 2645, 2646 

19 Reasons for the removal of Chief- Justice Morris: partly 

religious 2646, 2647 

Aug. 23 Charter of the Church of Schenectady, N. Y 2647-2652 

Sept. 6 Deputies give account of the letters of Frelinghuysen and 
others at Raritan. 1. Letter from Frelinghuysen and his 
Consistory read, addressed to Complainants — Promise to 
obey orders of Classis. 2. Letters of Malcontents to Freling- 
huysen and his Consistory read, ofifering certain Peace 
Articles. 3. Letter from Frelinghuysen, etc., to Complain- 

xxii Table of Contents. 

1734. PAGE. 

ants, accepting" Peace Articles with some modifications. 
4. Letter of Frelinghuysen, etc., to Classis notifying Classis 
that the Ban has been removed — Suggest a Colleague — 
Classis approved the Peace Articles and ordered letters to be 
vrritten to both parties, and suggestions as to the modifica- 
tions — Approve calling a Colleague — Letters from New 

Albany also received and referred 2652-2654 

Fall Acts of the Deputies on the Raritan Case. (This is without 

date, but evidently belongs in Sept. or Oct. 1734.) — Allu- 
sions to the letters of the two parties to each other — The 
Proposals of the Complainants, and the answer of Freling- 
huy sen's Consistory, placed side by sidej those articles ac- 
cepted, marked " Granted '" ; and in other cases specifying 

the modifications 2654-2658 

Oct. 4 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen — Rejoices 
at their obedience to its decisions as to the ban; and at the 
restored unity; at their acceptance of the Peace Articles — 
Approves of the Peace Articles — Leaves minor points to 
the parties themselves — Remarks of Classis about admit- 
ting " those of another language " to preach ; about calling 
a colleague; about receiving members on certificates. 2659, 2660 
Classis of Amsterdam to the Complainants — Rejoices at the 
prospects of peace — Classis ratifies the Plan of Peace — 
Remarks of Classis on " admitting a preacher of another 

language;" on calling a colleague 2660, 2661 

New Albany desires a minister able to preach in both Ger- 
man and Dutch — Referred to the Deputies 2662 

9 Acts of the Deputies — Letters to the Raritans were read 

(and approved) 2662 

Nov. 1 Journal of New York council — Act for raising £50, to repair 

Church of Schenectady 2662 

Dec. 19 Zinzendorf ordained 2662 

7 Mohawk Flatts — Site of several churches 2663 

Rev. Henry Barclay settles among the Mohawks 2663 


Jan. 11 Letters sent off to the Raritans — Letter from New Albany, 

referred 2663 

Classis of Amsterdam to the ministers at New York — Min- 
utes of Synod sent — Allusions to the re-establishment of 
peace at Raritan — Shall a new minister, a colleague, be 
sent to Raritan — ^ Classis would be glad to have some Plan 
proposed to promote the union of all the Dutch Churches 
in New Netherland, by a yearly Convention, without im- 
pairing the Correspondence with Holland 2663, 2664 

June 10 Gov. Cosby to the Lords of Trade — Sends over Act to allow 

Quakei-s to vote 2664 

Table of Contents. xxiii 

173.5. PAGE. 

July 8 Acts of the Deputies — Extract from a letter from Raritan — 
Peace Articles had been read in the churches with general 
happy effects ; but union not yet completed — Reasons — 
Some of the Complainants had engaged Rieger for one year, 
although not very orthodox; others met and read sermons — 
Complainants did not contribute toward Frelinghuysen's 
salary, nor toward erection of a church — A second minis- 
ter sent by Classis, would tend to more disquiet, as would 
also the organization of a new church — They cannot afford 
to assist the disaffected in building a new church — Prefer 
to join with the disaffected, in calling a colleague — Three 
excellent Presbyterian ministers in the vicinity — Some of 
the Dutch hear and help support these — Should there not 
be liberty to permit some of these to preach in Dutch 
churches ? — Presbyterian ministers preach in certain 
churches in Holland — Consistory must decide whom to ad- 
mit to the Lord's Supper — Any minister sent from Holland, 

to the disaffected would be an object of pity 2665-2668 

Rev. Mr. Colgan to the Secretary of Society for Propagating 
the Gospel 2668, 2669 

Feb. 2.> Mohawk Flatts — Sites of Palatine churches 2669 


March 12 Church of Schoharie to Classis of Amsterdam — (Not found). 2670 
May 17, 18, 28 Mohawk Flatts — Settlers to be sought from Germany 

(Palatines) and from Ireland 2670-2672 

June 6, 14 Dutch Church of New York — Rules for ringing the bell — 

Business items 2672 

June 18, July 26 Mohawk Flatts — Propo^^als for Protestant Settlers.. 2672 

Sept. 3 Rev. John Schuyler of New York, called to Schoharie — Ap- 
proval of Classis asked — Removal of Van Schie from 
Poughkeepsie to Albany — Rev. Weiss is suing Elder Reiff 

for the moneys collected in Holland 2673, 2674 

Oct. 1 Call of Schuyler still pending — Letter to be wntten to Rev. 

Van Schie 2674 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Schoharie — 
The call of John Schuyler, approved on condition, that he 
be examined by Rev. Erickson and Haeghoort nomine 
Classis; that he sign the Formulas before ordination; that 
a record be kept of the same; and the Classis be notified; 

but this not to be regarded as a precedent 2675 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. George M. Weiss — 
Grieved at the strifes in Central New York — Management 

xxiv Table of Contents. 

173Q. PAGE. 

of the churches in Pennsylvania left mostly to the Synod 
of North and South Holland — Investigations as to the 

moneys collected by Weiss and ReifT to be made 2676 

Rev. Henry Barclay, missionary to Indians 2677 

Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2677 








Report of the Deputati on the Letters to Raritan, etc., 

adopted 2678 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory at Raritan — Thank- 
ful that the Peace Articles had been read — The pietistical 
need to be kindly admonished — Fear to send a second min- 
ister as a colleague — Doubtful if union could be thus 
effected — English Presbyterian ministers may be heard, if 
unto edification — Ignorant members may not be kept from 
the Lord's Supper because of ignorance, but admonished to 

grow in knowledge 2678, 2679 

March 16 Action of the New York Consistory about a Coetus — Haeg- 

hoort's reasons for the necessity of a Coetus 2679, 2680 

April 9 Mohawk Flatts — Protestant settlers 2680 

12 Further action of the New York Consistory on a Coetus. 2680, 2681 

21 Governor's Proclamation for a day of Thanksgiving 2681 

May 2 Action of the Great Consistory of New York on a Coetus — 

Letter to Domine Haeghoort 2681, 2682 

24, 27 Consistory of Church of New York sends a Circular Letter 
to all the churches, inviting them to send their ministers 
to a Convention to prepare Plan of a Coetus — The Letter — 

Benefits of a Coetus 2682-2684 

27, 28 John Heniy Goetschius applies to the Presbyterian Synod of 
Philadelphia for ordination — Testimonials satisfactory — 
His examination — To study divinity with some minister — 

Allowed to continue preaching 2684, 2685 

June 6 Revs. Haeghoort, Du Bois, Freeman and Sandvoord to Classis 
of Amsterdam — Proposition for a Coetus — Preliminary 
Conference to be called — This to inform Classis — Hope 

for encouragement 2685 

Sept. 7, 8, 12 Convention concerning a Coetus — Answers of the churches 
— Preliminary action — Reasons for a Coetus, as given 
dom.ine Mancius and Muzelius — Articles adopted as a 
basis for a Coetus ; as to the business of a Coetus. 2686-2689 
12 Circular Letter of the Convention held to plan a Coetus, to 
the several churches — Necessity of a Coetus; would pro- 
mote ministerial unity and increase respect for the clergy; 
would prevent all alienations among the churches; would 
settle difficulties; would bind the churches together, and 
preserve purity of doctrine and discipline; would attract 
ministers and candidates from Europe; all earnest Chris- 
tains must recognize the advantages of such a Body. . 2689, 269t 

Table of Contents. xxv 


13 Revs. Du Bois, Freeman, Van Driessen, Curtenius, Van Sant- 
voord and Heaghoort, to the Classis of Amsterdam — Re- 
view of the circumstances — A Coetus approved by all the 
churches with one exception — Fundamental Articles 
adopted — These to be sent to the churches for approval — 
Another Convention to meet in Spring of 1738 — The Arti- 
cles as finally adopted to be submitted to Classis for ap- 
proval 2690, 2691 

19 Revs. Antonides, Boel, Mancius and Muzelius to the Classis 
of Amsterdam — Request Classis to delay their answer 
about a Coetus or Classis in America — They only pretend 
subordination to Classis — Muzelius wants the Classis alone 
as judge over the churches — Others seek Independency of 
Classis — The otlier parties are proclaiming that Classis 
wants a Coetus organized over here — Extracts from Classi- 
cal Letters, to prove that Classis has asserted that min- 
isters in America, are members of the Classis and Synod 
in Holland — That a new Classis in America is far distant; 
that Classis is continually cautioning the ministers to main- 
tain correspondence and remain subordinate — Also Rev. 
Mancius and his church had subordinated themselves firmly 
to the Classis, and against anything in prejudice thereto — 
So also Rev. Boel declared that the Classis had not ad- 
vised Circular Letters to be sent about a Coetus, or a Con- 
ference on the subject, but only that there should be cor- 
respondence on the subject — Postscript in October — In- 
forms Classis that Domine Du Bois, since 1734, has entirely 
withdrawn from correspondence with Boel 2691-2694 

23 Rev. Gerard Ha«ghoort to a certain minister of the Classis 
of Amsterdam — Anxious to receive permission to ordain 
Schuyler over church of Schoharie — No answer in two 
years — This does not accord to our subordination to Classis 

— Await the result of our action about a Coetus — Necessity 
of a Coetus for many reasons — Not in conflict with sub- 
ordination — Belong to Classis, but cannot attend its ses- 
sions on account of distance — Consistory have their own 
powers, under Classis — Many Consistories must have some 
power, when together — Design of a Coetus — To harmonize 
churches and settle difficulties — Yet no intermediate body 
between a Consistory and Classis — Ought we not to be- 
come a Classis? — Desirability of a Classis in America for 
many reasons — Danger of absolute independency of each, 
church — Classis of Amsterdam does not always answer 
letters; has no power to enforce its decisions over here, as 
over the Complainants against Frelinghuysen — A Classis 
here is necessary to prevent one church lording over another 

— Examples — Du Bois now sides with Frelinghuysen and 
Van Santvoord 2695, 2696 

xxvi Table of Contents. 

1737. PAGE. 

Sept. 28 Trinity Church, New York — Official Pews 2697 

Sept.? An appeal in behalf of Staten Island 2697, 2698 

Dec. 16 Encouragement Bill for a Classical School 2698 

Two additional Sermons of Frelinghuysen printed — Preface — 

Topics 2698, 2699 

Enlargement of Tiinity Church, New York — Description of. 2699 

Jan. 7 Weiss to Classis of Amsterdam — Not found 2700 

Jan. 19 Question about Romish Baptism 2700 

31 Action of the Consistory of New York, to record the Minutes 

of the Convention met to plan a Coetus 2700, 2701 

Feb. 21 Church of New York appoints elders as delegates to the 

Coetus 2701 

March 10 Rev. J. B. Boehm informs Classis of Amsterdam of the coming 

of domine Dorsius to Bucks Co., Pa 2701 

April 14 Letters to New York, etc., approved 2702 

20 Revs. Erickson and Haeghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Delay in reception of letter — Apology for loss of patience — 
Earnest request for a Coetus to approve calls, etc. — Explana- 
tion and ordination of Schuyler for Schoharie — Erick- 
zon has removed from Schenectady to the Navesinks — 
Schuyler came with his elders to be ordained at Second 

River 2702-2704 

Church of Schoharie to the Classis of Amsterdam — Joy at 
letter of Classis, and gratitude for ordination and installa- 
tion of their pastor, Rev. John Schuyler 2704, 2705 

24 Rev. George H. Weiss to Classis of Amsterdam — Had urged 
the church in Pennsylvania to submit to Classis, and not 

follow sectarians 2705, 2706 

27 Draft of a Coetus — Constitution for the Dutch Reformed 

Churches in New Netherland — 11 Articles 2706-2708 

The Coetus, per Rev. G. Du Bois, Pres., and G. Haeghoort, 
Sec, to the Classis of Amsterdam — Necessity of a Coetus 
long recognized — Members of the Classis urged its forma- 
tion — The necessity felt in America more than in Holland 
— An annual Assembly or Coetus formed — Classis has 
never officially replied to letters relating to the formation 
of a Coetus — Now inform Classis of the fact — We are to 
settle things over here — We also adopt the Fonnulae of 
Unity — Classis too distant to act on all our affairs — Do 
not cut ourselves entirely loose from Classis, but will cor- 
respond with, and take counsel of Classis — Ask for Classi- 
cal ratification of the Coetus, so as to strengthen the Body ; 
and to be remembered to the Synod — Revs. Boel, Anto- 
nides, Mancius and Muzelius oppose the Coetus; but they 

are generally favorable 2708-2710 

Acts of the Deputies — Extracts from a letter of the ministers 
composiDg the Coetus — Decline of the church on Staten 

Table of Contents. xxvii 

1738. PAGE. 

Island, owing to deaths and removals — Requests the Synod 
to aid that church, as it does other needy congregations 

(German ) 2710 

ay 5 The Deputati had not sent the letter about the Coetus, to 
New York, because other letters came in later, asking delay 

— The Deputati to report 2711 

iue 2 The Deputati make such Report — (Not recorded) 2711 

Public High Schools 2711 

9 Classis of Amsterdam to the Friends of a Coetus 2712 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Opponents of a Coetus 2713 

15 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Du Bois — (Not found) . . . 2713 
ig. First claim set up by the heirs of Anneke Jans to Trinity 

Church property 2713, 2714 

pt. 1 Classis receives letter from Rev. G. M. Weiss — Deputati's 
answers about Coetus in New York still further delayed, 

on account of additional letters received 2714 

t. 6 Deputati to report on the affairs of Rev, Weiss — New York 
Coetus business in statu — Committee to report on the doc- 
trine and life of the Moravians — A warning Pastoral Let- 
ter to be prepared concerning them 2714, 2715 

20 Rev. G. Du Bois to the Classis of Amsterdam per Rev. Wm. 
Schiphout — Urges the importance of the Coetus — Free 
exercise of religion without any support from the state — 
Classis must see its necessity and usefulness for the pros- 
perity of the churches — Intended to promote unity of the 
churches — The decision of the Classis futile in the Raritan 
affair — Frelinghuysen compelled to endure great persecu- 
tion — Rev. Muzelius — All American Churches can better 
understand their own diflaculties than by those across the 
ocean — His personal correspondents urge the Coetus. 2715-2717 
)v. 4 Matters of Revs. Boehm, Weiss, and the Coetus, remain in 

statu 2717 

Miscellaneous items 2717 


n. 13 Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam — Letters to be written to 
Rev. Boehm, asking him to clear himself of several matters; 
also to Rev. Dorsius respecting certain remarks of his; also 
to Rev. Weiss — Deputati asked to present a Report on the 
matter of a Coetus in New York — Pastoral Letter against 

the Hernhutters (Moravians) approved 2717, 2718 

14 Rev. J. P. Boehm to the Classis of Amsterdam — Allusions to 
Weiss, Miller, and especially (John) Heniy Goetschy, who 

is officiating Avithout ordination 2718 

arch 9 Trinity Church orders all the arrearages of Quit-rents to be 

paid, 1697-1739 2719 

29 Opponents to Coetus to Classis of Amsterdam — Not found — 

Abstract in Oct. 1739 2719 


Table of Contents. 

April 6 














Sept. 17 

•ct. i 


Letters to the New Netlierland churches read and approved — 
Classis approves of a Coetus, if it is to remain a Coetus, 

and do nothing M^hich is the prerogative of a Classis 2719 

Revs. Vas and Mancius to the Classis of Amsterdam — Ask 
advice about a certain case of marriage and divorce, and 

their rights as church-members — (See July 20) 2720 

Dutch Church of Albany keep a pound 2721 

Episcopal Convention at New York 2721 

Letters read and approved to St. Thomas and New York. . . . 2721 
Proposal to settle Scotch Protestants near Crown Point.... 2721 

Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2722 

Report: Parties at Kingston (see April 9) to be required to 
abstain from the Lord's Supper — Letter received from Rev. 

Weiss — Ref eiTed 2722 

The Kingston case and the letter of Weiss remain in statu. . 2723 
Classis of Amsterdam to the seven ministers of the Coetus — 
Several letters on the subject, received, pro and con; No 
objection to a Coetus if no opinion is expressed against the 
doctrine; and no examinations be held for licensure or ordi- 
nation, for these are prerogatives of Classis. P. S. Oct. 
10 — Count Zinzendorf about to visit New York — The Pas- 
toral Letter against the Moravians sent to New York — The 
opponents of Coetus declare the Coetus intends Inde- 
pendency — If so, the Coetus is disapproved 2723, 2724 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Kingston — 

The parties, (see April 9), not to be permitted to commune. 2724 
The letter of Kingston, forwarded — Letter from four min- 
isters objecting to a Coetus in New York, received — Re- 
ferred 2724, 2725 

Report on the letter of the ministers objecting to a Coetus — 

Action already taken to be communicated to them 2725 

Acts of the Deputies — Extrax;ts from a letter of the oppo- 
nents of a Coetus, dated March 29, 1739 — The intention of 
its friends to turn the Coetus into a Classis — Wish to see 
the reasons given for a Coetus — Correspondence of the 
Classis said to be too individual — It is said there are 
enough Dutch ministers here now to set up a government 
for themselves — Circular Letter sent out assumed too much 
authority — Kingston was only willing to seek information 
— Mancius and Muzelius not invited to the Conference on 
Sept. 5, but happened in — They oppose a formal organiza- 
tion of the Convention, arguing that there were only Con- 
sistories, Classes and Synods — Church-membei-s could not 
be compelled to come before a Coetus for trial — The char- 
tered churches, (New York, Kingston, Albany, Schenectady, 
Livingston Manor), are only bound by their charters, to their 
own Consistories and to the Church Government of Dort — 
A Coetus being unknown to that form of government 

Table of Contents. xxix 

1739. PAGE. 

would have no authority — The unchartered churches exist 
only under the Act of Toleration — Friends of Coetus had 
bound themselves to the closest correspondence with 
Classis; yet had undertaken to establish a Coetus ; but can- 
not now be sure of either correspondence or a Coetus — 
The subscribers will stand for " Subordination to Classis " — 
They complain that the Acts of Synod sent over are kept 

in possession of the friends of the Coetus 2725-2729 

Nov. 9 Rev. G. Du Bois to Jacob Glen of Schenectady — Thanks for 
entertainment — His letter to Rev. Dorsius, enclosing one 
from the Elders of Schenectady, inviting Dorsius to become 

their pastor — Description of the church there 2730, 2731 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. V. Antonides — His complaints 
against the friends of a Coetus — Reasons for a Coetus sent 
to him — Classis has given permission for a Coetus on cer- 
tain conditions — Urges him not to oppose it — Copy of 

the Pastoral Letter against the Moravians 2731, 2732 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. P. H. Dorsius — His zeal — 
Danger of lording it over others — Exhortation to humility. 

2732, 2733 
Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. P. Boehm — Classis willing 
to aid him pecuniarily — Exhortation to be more diligent 

in study 2733-2734 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev, G. M. Weiss — Correspondence 
with the Classis — Another call — The question of the funds 

held by Reiff — He should be made to reply 2734, 2735 

Miscellaneous items 2735 

March 3 Acts of the Deputies — Extracts from a letter of Rev. Dor- 
sius of Bucks Co., Pa. — The correspondence — Complains 
of the charges made against him — His respects for the 
Synods — Would make a defence if he knew the charges and 

accusors 2735, 2736 

31 Testimonial of Rev. Cornelius Van Santvoord to Rev. P. H. 

Dorsius 2736 

April 1 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. P. Boehm — Thanks him for 
reporting to Rev. Dorsius the condition of the Pennsylvania 
churches — Sympathizes with him in his hardships, and will 
seek to help him — Sends him Kulenkamp's treatise against 

the Moravians 2737 

4 Kulenkamp's treatise against the Moravians to be sent to 

Surinam and New York 2738 

8 Churches of Kings County to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Request Classis to send them a minister — Freeman and 
Antonides very aged — Duties of the new minister — His 

salary — • Preliminary expenses — ■ Perquisites 2738-2740 

14 Certificates of Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen to Rev. P. H. Dorsius. 2740 
June 13 Church of Schenectady made into a Fort 2740 

XXX Table of Contents. 

1740. PAGE. 

June 13, 27, July 18 Classis receives a letter from Rev. Dorsius — Letters 
to be written to him, to Rev. Boehm, and to 

New York 2741 

Acts of the Synod of South Holland — Count Zin- 
zendorf — The candidates. Van Basten and Goet- 

schey are regarded as minis'ters 2741 

July 31 Act for naturalizing Johannes ]\'Iartinus Van Harlingen 2742 

Aug. 8 Classis sends Letters to New York and Pennsylvania, with 
a Pastoral Letter and Kulenkamp's book against the Herm- 

hutters (Moravians) 2743 

Sept. 4 Classis announces their desire to find a minister for Long 

Island 2743 

Oct. 3 Extracts from letter of Rev. J. P. Boehm, read to Classis. . . . 2743 
Call of the Churches of Queens County on Rev. John Henry 

Goetschius , 2743-2745 

Nov. 22 Rev. Mr. Colgan to the Society for Propagating the Gospel — 

Affairs at Jamaica — Rev. Mr. Whitefield 2745 

Dec. 27 Rev. Henry Barclay, petitions for and receives a piece of land 

in the Mohawk country 2745 

Revivalism at this period — Miscellaneous items 2745, 2746 


Records of the Pvcformed Dutch Church of New York — Small 
Manuscript Volume containing signatures of Elders, Deacons 
and Church-Masters, 1715-1767 — Note by Rev. Dr. T. W. 

Chambers — Lists of Officers 1741-67 2746-2750 


Missions among the Mohawks — Rev. Henry Barclay 2751 

April 10 Rev. Dorsius has no authority to act as Superintendent in 

Pennsylvania 2751 

22 Burning of the Fort and Chapel 2751 

23 Rev. B. Freeman to the Classis of Amsterdam — About the 

conditions of a Coetus — Coetus must resist false doctrine — 
Long delay of Classis in filling calls — Expense of getting 
ministers from Holland — Desirability of a Classis — Inde- 
pendent preachers — Dorsius authorized by Classis of Rotter- 
dam to ordain, etc. — Arrival of Goetschius — His Installa- 
tion at Jamaica — Students under Dorsius — Classis of Am- 
sterdam has a right to constitute a Coetus here; has author- 
ized ordination — Opposition of Muzelius and Mancius — 
Desires subordination to Classis 2752, 2753 

28 Dutch Church of New York — Monthly meeting of Consistory 

— Repairing Church on Manor of Fordham 2753, 2754 

May 1 Rev. P. H. Dorsius sends testimonials to Classis of Amster- 
dam (See Mar. 31, 1740, and April 14, 1740) 2754 

8 City of Albany donates eight pounds to church of Schagticoke. 2754 

14 Rev. Gualterus Du Bois to Classis of Amsterdam — Conditions 
required for a Coetus — Warnings against the Moravians — 
Arguments against the Coetus — Failure to get a Convention 

Table of Contexts. , xxxi 

1741. PAGE. 

in 1741 — General demand for a Coetus — Domine Dorsius 
said to have been authorized by Classis of Rotterdam to 
ordain, etc. — Rev. J. H. Goetschius — Hence, the necessity 
of Classis of Amsterdam constituting a Coetus — Difficulty 
of obtaining ministers from Holland — Some are going over 
to the Independents or Episcopalians — Perfect freedom of 
conscience here enjoyed; but this permits all sorts of fanati- 
cism — A Coetus would tend to order and hannony — John 
Van Driessen — Moravians — Will not answer the objections 
to the Coetus in detail — Reasons for defections to the 
Episcopalians and Independents — Necessity of another min- 
ister on Long Island 2754-2757 

June 20 Burning of the Fort and Chapel — The Xegro Conspiracy. 2757-2759 

July 3 Commission of George Clinton to be Governor of New York: 

As to Religion 2759, 2760 

11 Rev. John Arondeus called by the Deputies of the Classis 

for the churches of Kings County 2760 

14 Acts of the Deputies — Extracts of a letter from Rev. G. M. 
Weiss — Has baptized several Indians — Only one minister, 
an Englishman, among them — The French of Canada build 
schools and churches for them — Will endeavor to satisfy 

the Classis about Pennsylvania matters 2760, 2761 

17 Rev. John Arondeus accepts the call to Kings C-ounty 2761 

23, 28 Final settlement of the Church of New York with the Estate 

of Mrs. Selyns 2761-2763 

Aug. 20, 24 Burning of the Fort and Chapel 2763, 2764 

Sept. 4 The Classis reads letters from Rev. B. Freeman and Rev. G. 
Du Bois — Inquiries to be made about the power given to 
Rev. P. H. Dorsius — Final examination of Arondeus and 

his ordination 2765 

9 Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Midwout, etc. — The 
call and ordination of Arondeus — Exhortation to receive 
him in love — Reference to ordination of Goetschius by Dor- 
sius, and his settlement at Jamaica 2765, 2766 

Oct. 2 Letter to Midwout approved — Inquiries to be made about 

Dorsius 2766 

Nov. 17-27 Action of Legislative Assembly on bill to tax merchants to 

help sustain the minister and the poor 2767 

Dee. 12 Letter from Rev. Wilhelmus about Dorsius — Letters to Dor- 
sius and New York to be written in accordance with Report. 2767 

14 Dutch Church of New York; evening service instead of after- 

noon 2T67 

15 Rev. Mr. Colgan to Society for Propagating the Gospel — 

Progress of Church of England — Decline of enthusiasts — 

Whitefield 2767, 2768 

Board of Correspondence in New York, instituted, in connec- 
tion with Scotch Society for Propagating Christian knowl- 
edge — See 1709 2768 

xxxii Table of Contents. 

1742. PAGE. 

Jan. 9 Return of Rev. John Arondeus — Captured by pirates — 
Robbed — Asks to be released from engagement to Kings 
County; or otherwise, to delay his journey — Classis refuses 
to release him, but will admit delay — Charity invoked in 

his behalf .' 2768, 2769 

14 Dutch Church of New York — Proposal for a third minister — 

A new door in Old Church — Manor of Fordham. . . 2769, 2770 
21,25 Dutch Church of New York — A third minisiter — Subscription 

ordered 2770 

30 Cases of Arondeus and Weiss remain in statu 2771 

Feb. 18, March 11, 18 Church of New York — Calling a Third Min- 
ister 2771-2773 

April 2 Letter from Rev. Weiss received — Arondeus soon to start 

again for America 2773 

8 Church of New^ York — Calling a Third Minister 2774 

25 Extracts from letter of Rev. Weiss — Has made suggestions 
to the Church of Philadelphia — Offered to settle again 
there — Zinzendorf draws away many — Suggestions about 

converting the Indians 2774, 2775 

29 Church of New York — A new call — Manor of Fordham. . . 2775 
May 7 Cases of Weiss and Arondeus remain in statu — Van Hoeven- 

berg accepted as a Commendatus 2775, 277G 

Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2776 

16 A new certificate given to Arondeus — Copy of Act of Classis 

conceiTiing — Letter sent with him 2776, 2777 

June 4 Revs. Arondeus and Weiss 2777 

July 23 Rev. Arondeus — A new call received from Midwout for Aron- 
deus — Will pay him his salary and donate him one hundred 
pounds — Rev. Freeman has died — Letter and book received 

from Rev. Weiss 2777 

July-Aug. Synod of North Holland — Arondens; Midwout 2778 

Sept. 3 Letter from Weiss — Will soon send an account of the In- 
dians, w ith a painting of them — Painting and book re- 
ceived — Title of the book 2778, 2779 

Nov. 6 Case of Weiss remains in statu — Baptism of Papists' children. 2779 
8 Church of New York — Churches of Queens County ask their 
advice about the validity of the ordination of John H. 

G-oetschius 2779-2781 

First lot of documents in the Goetschius case; Nov. 18, 1742 

— May 7, 1743: 

18 No. 1 Request of the Consistory of Queens County for 

a convocation to decide on the validity of the ordination 

of J. H. Goetschius by Rev, Dorsius; and to consider 

other matters 2781 

No. 2. 1742, Dec, 6. Action on the Goetschius case 
— • Members present — Did Dorsius have power to or- 
dain? — Certificate from Dorsius and Frelinghuysen that 
Goetschius had been licensed by the Presbyterians — 
Goetschius's reasons w^hy he thought Dorsius had power 

Table of Contents. xxxiii 

1'42. PAGE. 

to ordain — Complaints of misconduct on the part of 
Goetsehius — Postponed ; one was he had allowed his 

brother to officiate 2782 

3V. 18 Conclusion: No proof that Dorsius had a right to or- 
dain Goetsehius; no reason yet for writing favorably 
about Goetsehius to any Classis in Holland: Goet- 
sehius informed that his ordination is not legal — Yet 
he continued to administer the Sacraments 2783 

No. 3. 1743, Jan. 31. Goetsehius and his Consistories 
notified of another meeting, Feb. 14, 1743 2783 

No. 4, 1743; Feb. 14, Complaint-s of the misconduct of 
Goetsehius — Letter from him — Suppose the matter set- 
tled — No accusations yet given out — Cannot defend 
himself under such circumstances — Willing to answer, 
after seeing the charges — Also questions their jurisdic- 
tion 2784 

The President requested to draw up an indictment; also 
the draft of a letter to Classis of Amsterdam 2784 

No. 5. 1743, Mar. 2. Letter of the Convocation to Goet- 
sehius — The accusation had been read to him; unneces- 
sary to give him extracts, as in a Church court — Case 
to be submitted to Classis of Amsterdam — Passion ex- 
hibited in this letter — Oiily desire best interests of the 
Church 2785 

No. 6. 1743, Mar. 9. The Committee to Mr. Goetsehius — 
Ask the following questions: As to his willingness to 
subject himself to Church Rules; to the Classis of Ams- 
terdam; to answer complaints simply and directly; and 
have you a certificate of church membership? 2786 

Upon an answer to these, he should have a copy of the 
charges 2786 

No. 10. Mar. 9, 1743. Goetschius's answer to the Com- 
mittee's letter. In general denies their jurisdiction. 

2786, 2787 
No. 7. 1743, April 25. Charges formulated against Goet- 
sehius 2787, 2788 

1. Knew that Dorsius had no authority to ordain — 
His statements equivocal. 

2. That he had allowed his brother, though not a mem- 
ber of the Dutch Church, to preach in his pulpit; and 
had spoken sharply to those who opposed it. 

8. That he had taught that those coming to the Supper 
must be assured of their regeneration. 

4. That no one should use the Lord's Prayer unless 
truly regenerate. 

5. That he would not wait for ad^dce about receiving 
ordination from Dorsius. 

6. That he preached that one should know the hour of 
his regeneration. 


Table of Contents. 

1742. PAGE. 

Nov. 18 No. 8. 1743, Apr. 25. Report on the Goetscliius case — 
That Dorsius had no authority to ordain; that we will 
report the whole case to the Classis; that we exhort 
Goetschius and the churches of Queens County to await 
their decision; tliat meanwhile Goetschius may preach, 
but not administer the Sacraments ; that the Consistory 
faithfully fulfil their duties; that members of the Con- 
sistory was not legal — Consistories requested to present 
this Report to Goetschius, if he insists on administering- 

the Sacrament, prevent him 2788-2790 

No. 9. 1743, May 7. Answer of Goetschius to Report of 
April 25 — Inaccuracies in their statements; unkindness 
in their procedure; authority of Dorsius not subject to 
their judgment; have taken sides with his opponents; 

would deprive a minister of his rights, etc 2790-2792 

27 Letters from Weiss, etc., received 2792 

March 11, 22 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Manor of 

Livingston 2793-2796 

March 23 Rev. Mr. Colgan to Society for Propagating the Gospel — 

His church flourishing — Asks for certain books 2796 

April 1 Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg examined for Surinam 2796 

9 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — Had 

received no letters lately — Arondeus sent 2797 

11 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2797 

14/25 Revs. Boel, Muzelius and Mancius to the Classis of Amster- 
dam — Have not yet got a copy of reasons for a Coetus — 
Fear they mean independence — Classis had endorsed a 
Coetus on certain conditions; yet those conditions ignored, 
as in the ordination of Goetschius and John Van Driessen 
— Boel opposed to the ordination of Goetschius, but Du 
Bois has accepted it — Whitefield opposed by Boel and the 
Episcopal clergy; but Frelinghuysen and Du Bois and the dis- 
senting clergy, generally went out to the open field to hear 
him, and sat on the same platform with him — Dorsius 
claims to be an Inspector of the German churches — Criti- 
cism of the Fundamental Articles of the Coetus — Opinion 
of Mr. Vesey as to ordinations — Their opposition to a 

Classis 2798-2800 

25 Report of Committee on the Goetschius case 2800 

The Committee on Goetschius case to the Classis of Amster- 
dam — Request of the Consistories of Queens County to have 
a Committee settle the business — His irregular ordination 
and installation — Review of the efforts of the Committee. . 2801 
May 3 Consistories of Port Jervis, Minisink and Walpack to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — Deceived by Doi-sius and Freling- 

Table of Co]N'te]!^ts. xxxy 

1743. PAGE, 

huysen to receive Fryemnoet — Ask for instructions as to 

their course 2801-2803 

May 12 The churches of Kings Co. to Classis of Amsterdam — Thank 
Classis for sending over Arondeus — Want another minister 

— Conditions of the Call 2803-2805 

16 Consistory of Flatbush to the Classis of Amsterdam — Hope 

they may get Hendrick van de Casteele 2805 

18 Church of Is'ew York gives authority to call another minis- 
ter 2805-2808 

21 Consistories of Queens County to the Classis of Amsterdam 

— Petition sent over to Holland with Dorsius — Waited for 
years for a minister from Holland — Call of J. H. Goet- 
schiiis — Opposition to him on account of his excellent 
character — Review of circimistances — Request Classis to 
recognize him 280S 

23 Consistories of Queens County, (Anti-Goetschius party), to 
the Classis of Amsterdam — Anxious for a minister; heard 
of Gk)etsehius: his ordination by Dorsius and Frelinghuy- 
sen; his installation by Freeman — His pretentions and 
peculiar views about the requirements in communicants — 
Irregularity of his ordination — Application to Church of 
New York for a Committee to decide on its validity — His 
opposition — Desire advice of Classis — His severe language ; 
slanders other ministers; despises Church Rules; church of 
Newtown closed against him — Would listen to his preach- 
ing as a candidate — His appointing a new Consistory — 
Submits the case to Classis — Dangers of false doctrines — 
Dorsius, expected to vindicate the ordination in Holland — 

Hopes Classis will not endorse it 2809 

June 18 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. M. Weiss — Thank him for 

his book on the Indians 2809 

22 Three Elders of Newtown to the Classis of Amsterdam — Re- 

view of the Goetschius case — Their deposition by Goet- 

schius — Ask for help of Classis 2809 

July 5 Church of New York — Acts of the Synod received — Call of 

a new minister 2809, 2810 

22 Slaves do not obtain their freedom by accepting Christianity. . 2810 
Aug. 1 Statement of the Consistories of Kingston, etc., about a cer- 
tain rumor that their ministers do not plant churches. 2810, 2811 

5 Church of New York — Election of a new Clerk 2811 

9 Revs. Boel and Mancius to Classis of Amsterdam — Rev. 
Rieger — Opposes Superintendent for the Pennsylvania 
churches — Rev. Dorsius goes to Holland — Two young men 
go to Holland for ordination — Case of Fryenmoet — Acts of 

Synod are not circulated — Complaints 2811-2819 

^ept. 2 Classis receives letters from New Netherland 2819 

14 Church of New York 2819 

29 Rev. Mr. Colgan to Society for propagating the Gospel — Suc- 
cess of Church at Jamaica 2820 

xxxvi Table of Conte^'ts. 


Sept. 30, 1743-1753, Resigned. 

1743. PAGE. 

Sept. 30 Address of Trinity Church to Gov. Clinton, and Reply 2821 

Oct. 3, 7 Address of the Dutch Church to Gov. Clinton, and Reply .... 2822 
7 Classis receives letters from America about Goetschius — 

Answer to them approved bj^ Classis — Rev. Rieger 2823 

20 Certificate of Church-membership of Peter de Windt, by G. Du 

Bois 2823 

Fall. Acts of the Deputies — Extracts from letter of May 20, 1743, 

of churches of Kings County, N. Y 2823-2825 

29 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Boel, Muzelius and Mancius — 
Exhortation to union and charity — Classis considers ordi- 
nation of Goetschius illegal — His affair taken to the 

Synod — Classis advocates a Coetus 2825, 282S 

Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois, Antonides, Arondeus, 
etc., the Committee on the Goetschius case — The long con- 
tinued Correspondence — Classis condemns the conduct of 
Goetschius — His ordination illegal — Dorsius had no au- 
thority — The case transferred to the Synod of North Hol- 
land; Dorsius being present — Their decision to be awaited 

— Unless he submits to ecclesiastical order, he mvist be re- 
moved — Their relations with Boel, Muzelius and Mancius 

— Exhortations to unity and peace — The Plan of a Coetus 
endorsed, though it may need some amendments .... 2826-2828 

Nov. 21 Church of New York — A new school 2828, 2829 

Dec. 2 Charge against Rev. J. H. Goetschius 2829 

15 Church of New York — Authority given to call another min- 
ister — Special letter to Rev. Van Scherluynen, [Schelluyn]. 


Jan. 16 Church of New York — Effort to obtain another minister.. 2833 
Feb. 19 Certificate that John H. Goetschius united with the church of 

Germanto\^Ti in Nov. 1736 2833, 2834 

March 15 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2834 

April 9 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2835 

11/22 Rev. Muzelius to the Classis of Amsterdam 2835, 2836 

13 Classis receives letters from Pennsylvania and New York — 
Referred to the Deputati — Rev. Casper L. Schnorr — Let- 
ter from Newtown 2836- 

20 Extract of letter from Rev. J. P. Bcehni to Synod of North 

Holland, about J. H. Goetschius 2837 

24 Church of New York — Map of Manor of Fordham 2837 

25 Extract from a letter of Rev. J. C. Frienmuth, about his " Con- 

fession of Faith" — Leaves his case to the judgment of 

Classis 283S 

May 4 Reports of the Deputati on letters from abroad: 1. On the 
letter of Revs. Boel and Mancius, exhorting them to peace. 
2. On the letter from Minisink, etc., with Fryenmoet's Con- 

Table of Contents. xxxvii 

1744. PAGE. 

fession of Faith; peiinission granted that he might be or- 
dained by the Coetus. 3. On the letter from the three el- 
ders of Newtown; exhortations to peace; the case of Goet- 
schius before the Synod: Extracts from their letter — 

The cases of Revs. Eieger and Schnorr in statu 2838-2842 

May 14 Statement of Cornelius Van Wyck about a certain conversa- 
tion of Rev. Goetschius, concerning the ministers in America. 2842 
Rev. John H. Goetschius to the Classis of Amsterdam, per 
Messrs. Goris and Schiphout — His citation before the min- 
isters on May 1 — The certificate of submission they wished 
him to sign — His willingness to sign it, with some excep- 
tions — His Declaration of submission to the Classis . . 2842, 2843 
Classis of Amsterdam to Consistories of Minisink and Ma- 
hackemack — The Fiyenmoet case — His ordination unlaw- 
ful — His examination allowed in America, in the name of 

the Classis, and his ordination to be confirmed 2843 

Classis of Amsterdam to certain individuals at Newtown — 
Classis has transferred the Goetschius case to the Synod — 

Exhortations to peace 2844 

June 1 Letters to Revs. Boel and Mancius, to Consistory of Mini- 
sink, and to certain persons at Newtown, all read and ap- 
proved — The case of Revs. Rieger and Schnorr 2845 

Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Boel and Mancius — Admoni- 
tions to peace and brotherly love — Dorsius had not com- 
plained of them — No Superintendent was to be sent — 
Minutes of Synod to be sent them — The Goetschius case 
in the hands of the Synod 2845-2847 

15 Spangenberg consecrated as Bishop of the Moravians 2847 

July 5 Moravians in Dutchess County — Their influence vrith the 

Indians — Suspicions against the Moravians 2847, 2848 

20 Rev. John Ritzema called to New York — Revs. Rieger and 
Schnorr — Rev. Van Hoevenberg returns from Surinam — 
Rev. Dorsius — Ritzema examined and ordained.... 2848, 2849 

22 Classis of Amsterdam to (probably to 

Schnorr) — Charges against him after hi.-, departure — Ex- 
hortation to repentance — Hopes to hear good reports from 
him hereafter 2850, 2851 

26 Sheriff's report about his search of the Moravians 2851, 2852 

Aug. 1 Examination of the Moravian missionaries, Joseph Shaw, 

Hendrik J. Senseman, Gudlop Buydner 2852-2854 

11 Moravians ordered home 2854 

Sept. 7 Rev. Van Hoevenberg's condition — Request that the Direct- 
ors would advance some money for his benefit, due him from 
Surinam — Letters from Revs. Fryenmoet and Muzelius 
received 2854, 2855 

14 New York Council Journal 2855 

22 Certificate of Licensure to John Aemilius Wering (Wemig, 
Wemich) by a Palatine Church Council to hold special 
services 2856 

xxxviii Table of Contents. 

1744. PAGE. 

Sept. 29 Rev. Mr. Colgan to the Society for Propagating the Gospel — 
Peaceable condition of the Episcopal Churches of Queens 

County — Declining condition of the Independents 2856 

Whitefield's second visit to America 2857 

Oct. 5 Pev. Van Hoevenberg — Peport on letters from abroad — 
Case of Goetschius — Other accusations — Case may be re- 
ferred to the expected Coetus 2857, 2857 

11 Tennent's Account of Revivals 2858 

Nov. 20 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois, Antonides and Aron- 
deus and their Consistories — Goetschius' conduct incon- 
sistent with his promises in his letters to Classis — Grave 
accusations also now made against him — P-equest to ex- 
amine into these accusations — Goetschius informed of 

your authority in the matter 2858, 2859 

Classis of Amsterdam to the former Consistory of Queens 
County — Their accusations against Goetschius received — 
Committee appointed to investigate, to whom they are re- 
ferred — The Classis has written to Goetschius to reply to 

said charges 2859, 286a 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. H. Goetschius — Classis had 
rejoiced in his letters of April and May, promising submis- 
sion — Subsequent reports do not confirm them — Exhorta- 
tion to submission — Recent accusations of harsh language, 
and of indelicacies — Commission appointed to investigate — 

Requests an answer 2860, 2861 

27 Moravians ordered to stop preaching and to leave the country. 

2861, 2862 
Dee. 17 Rev. John C. Fiyenmoet and Consistoiy of Kingston to Classis 
of Amsterdam — Thanks Classis for approving of Fryen- 
moet's " Confession of Faith ", and for permitting his ex- 
amination and ordination — Has been examined and or- 
dained — He accepts the Formulas of Unity — Promises to 
correspond with Classis, and remain subordinate — Mem- 
bers of Consistory of Kingston promise the same — Request 
the judicial decision of Classis as to the validity of Fryen- 
moet's former sacramental acts, and marriages .... 2862-2864 
31 Count Zinzendorf to the Board of Trade — Complains of the 
inconveniences to which the Moravians had been subjected 
— Asks for two orders: That honest people may not be 
plagued without any reason; and that nobody, especially In- 
dians, shall be hindered from joining Protestant churches — 
Xote on Zinzendorf 2865 


Jan. 8 Church of New York — Du Bois to write the thanks of the 

Church to those who secured the call of Ritzema. . . 2865-2868 

12 Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg 2868 

April 8 Church of New York : to buy a house 2868, 2869 

13 Rev. T. Van Schelluyne to Rev. B. Meynema; calling him to 

Poughkeepsie 2869, 2870 

Table of Coi^tents. xxxix 

1745. PAGE. 

^lay 4 Call of Rev. Benjamin Meynema to Poughkeepsie and Fish- 
kill, by authorized attorneys — Endorsed by Classis of Am- 
sterdam June 14 — Dismissal by his former churches in Hol- 
land, July 3 2870, 2871 

Liberty granted in Virginia to dissenters to preach 2871 

June 14 i^ction of Classis on call of Rev. B. Meinema 2871, 2872 

18 Church of Ncav York — Rewards to parties for extinguish- 

ing church-fire 2872 

25 The Committee in Holland, having the power to call, to Rev. 

B. Meynema 2872, 2873 

28 Board of Trade to Governor Clinton — Requests information 

about the Moravians 2874 

July 10 Rev. Dorsius — Anxiety about the union of the Germans of 

Pennsylvania with the Scotch Presbyterians 2874. 2875 

16 Rev. John Arondeus and the churches of Kings County, to 
the Classis of Amsterdam — Thanks Classis for promising 
them another minister — Importance of expedition therein. 2875 


19 Rev. Meinema ordained for Poughkeepsie and Fishkill 2876 

26 Need of discipline in St. Andrew's Parish, Staten Island.... 2877 
Sept. Rev. Lambertus de Ronde called to Surinam — Case of Rev. 

J. H. Goetschius — Rev. Rieger Avrites concerning Rev. 
Schnorr — Rev. Hoevenberg's arrearages from Surinam have 
arrived • 2877, 287S 

Oct. 4 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen called to Albany — Rev. Ulpha- 
nius Van Zinderin called to Kings County, Long Island — 
Letters received from Rev. J. H. Goetschius, and from 
others, about his case — The case to be submitted to the 
Coetus there — Theodore Frelinghuysen ordained for 
Albany 2878-2880 

Nov. 20 Act proposed, to choose two Vestrymen for each Ward of the 

City of New York 2880 

25 Committee ask Goetschius to explain certain points in his 

case 2880, 2881 

27 Rev. Wm. Vesey to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. . 2882 
Dec. 16 Testimonials of Presbyterian ministers in behalf of Rev. J. H. 

Goetschius 2882 

27 Committee's Citation to Goetschius to answer certain charges. 
Van Wyck's Testimony as to certain utterances of Goetschius. 
The Moravians renew Covenant with the Iroquois — Publica- 
tion of Swedenborg's " De cultu et Amore Dei " 2883, 2884 

Jan. 10 ' Answer of Goetschius to the Committee's communication of 
Dec. 27, 1745 — Seven questions referred to and answered 

by denials, admissions or explanations 2884, 2885 

Rev. J. H. Goetschius to the Classis of Amsterdam, answering 

charges: Specification of the points considered 2885 

I. The First Paper: A. Had ceased administering the 
sacraments on request of Classis as he had before 

xl Table of Contexts. 

1746. PAGE. 

written; complains of the talk and sermons of 
Arondeus against him; the Committee has misused 
their power — B. Regrets any harsh language he 
may have used; regrets a letter which he read 
against Arondeus, under a misapprehension; denies 
improper conduct with Mrs. Onderdonk; the bitter 
hatred of his accusers; if unwittingly guilty of any 
improper vrord or act, regrets it — Beseeches the 
Classis to enable him to resume his duties — En- 
dorsed by fourteen names 2885-2887 

II. The Second Paper: Confesses that his ordination 
was irregular; asks C'iassis to rectify it; will sub- 
scribe the Standards; sorrow for any wrongs done; 
ceased administering the sacraments upon request 
of Classis; has sought to promote peace in the 

church; will submit to all Church Rules 2887 

III. The Thied Paper; by the Elders: Bitterness of his 
enemies; beseech Classis to pity their church; ex- 
cellent conduct of Goetschius; bad conduct of his 
enemies; deprived of church privileges; urge Classis 

to end the troubles 2887, 2888 

IV, V, Y\}, IX Papers: Full answers handed in to the 

Committee 2888 

V. The Fifth Paper: Details of the circumstances about 
the cliarges and characters of the accusers — Affi- 
davits — Specific answers to charges 2888-2892 

VIII. Eighth Paper: Certificates of his English neighbors 

as to his excellent character 2892, 2893 

Jan. 11 Rev. Van Zinderen called to Long Island — Rev. De Ronde 
called to Suriname — Examination and ordination of Van 

Zinderen, etc 2893, 2894 

13 The Committee on the Goetschius case to the Classis of 

Amsterdam 2894 

I. Meetings at the Ferrj^ Brooklyn — Domine Goetschius 
and his accusers present — Directions of Classis 
read — Contradictions referred to — Complaint 
against Goetschius read — Accusers on hand — Ac- 
cusations and answer to be in writing — Antje 
Onderdonk reaffirmed the truthfulness of her affi- 
davit — Her reasons for delay of two years — Her 

contradietoiy testimony 2894, 2895 

II. Time fixed for Goetschius' answer 2895 

III. Jan. 27. Goetschius presented his written answer — De- 
fended himself against the charge of Mrs. Onder- 
donk; counter testimony: against the charge of 
Schenck, as to his saying harsh things about the 
Classis; counter testimony: against the charge of 
Deurje about prayer meetings; counter testimony: 
explained the charge of lampooning Arondeus.. 2896-2899 

Table of Contents. xli 

1746. PAGE. 

March 4 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — Goet- 
schius — The Coetus — Theodore Frelinghuysen and Van 

Zinderen 2899, 2900 

15 Rev. Anthonius Curtenius to Classis of Amsterdam — Ben- 
jamin Van der Linde studying in America — Request that 
Coetus may promote him — Reasons of delay of organiza- 
tion of a Coetus — Whitefield 2900-2902 

April 4 Classis receives letters from Surinam, Lancaster, Pa., Rev. 
Rieger, Rev. Schnorr, Kingston, N. Y. and from Rev. Fryen- 
moet — Referred to the Deputies to make further inquiries 
about Lancaster: Fryenmoet illegally ordained — His bap- 
tisms illegal — Kingston Consistory promises subordination. 2902 


May 12 Rev. Haeghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam — Account of 
Benjamin Van der Linde's studies and desire to enter on 
ministry — Requests that domine Erickzon and himself 
may examine and ordain him — The Coetus does not 

materialize 2903-2906 

Reasons of the Law against the JSIoravians residing among 
the Indians — Strolling preachers — Whitefield — Zinzen- 
dorf — Proselytes — Efforts to convert the Indians by resid- 
ing among them — Refusal of Moravians to take the oaths 
— Character of the law against them 2906-2908 

June 6 Letters to Classis from Rev. Goetschius — Referred to Depu- 
ties — Letters to Rev. Schnorr, Rieger and the Church of 

Kingston, approved 2908, 2909 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. C. Fiymuth (Fryenmoet) — 
No permission given for his ordination, but only for ex- 
amination — This not a precedent — Yet ordination ap- 
proved — Baptisms by an unordained minister illegal. 2909-2911 
5-16 Rev. Henrj" Boel to the Classis of Amsterdam — He and Mu- 
zelius against a Coetus — Against baptism in private 
houses — Avoids the customs of English churches — Rev. 
Mr. Vesey encourages his attitude — Will send reasons, pro- 
and con, to Holland 2911-2913 

Revs. Ritzema and Erickson defend Goetschius 2913-2916 

Gov. Clinton to the Lords of Trade — The Moravians 2917 

Death of Rev. Wm. Vesey — Estimates of his character. .2917, 2918 
Rev. 0. T. Van Hoevenbergh of Surinam, reports in person — 
Report of Deputies on letter of Goetschius — Extracts from 
Synodical Minutes respecting needy churches — Theodore 
Frelinghuysen — Letters from Rieger and Schnorr — Rev. 

Schlatter ' 2918-2920 

Aug. 25 Classis receives a letter from Rev. Erickson of Freehold — 

Benj. Van der Linde 2920, 2921 

Conference between Gov. Clinton and tlie Indians — French 

priests 2921, 2922 

Sept. 5 Classis receives letters from Long Island and New York — 
Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenbergh — Rev. Goetschius — Deputies 









xlii Table of Contents. 

174C). PAGE. 

read extracts from letters from Rev. Haeghoort — Rev. 
Eriekzon — Answers to be prepared — Benj. Van der Linde 

not to be examined — The Coetus 2922, 2923 

Sept. 29 Rev. Mr. Colgan to the Society for Propagating the Gospel — 

Jamaica — Flushing 2923, 2924 

Oct. 3 Extracts from letters of Goetschius, etc., read — Rev. E. T. 
Van Hoevenbergh — Replies to Revs. Haeghoort and Eriek- 
zon approved — Widow of Rev. Van Schie — Letter from 

Rev. Boel 2924, 2925 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Haeghoort — Their request to 
examine Van der Linde — Sad at the shepherdless flocks, 
yet cannot open the door to allow individuals to examine 
and ordain — Will allow the Coetus to ordain Van der Linde, 

when constituted 2925, 292G 

17 Call and Induction of Rev. Henry Barclay to Trinity Church, 

Xew York \ \ 2927 

22 Gov. Clinton's admission of Rev. Henry Barclay to the Rector- 
ship of Trinity Church 2928 

Certificate of Rev. Henry Barclay into the Rectory of Trinity 

[ f Church 2929, 2930 

29 Petition against a pretended Lutheran minister, John Lodwick 
Hofgoed, by Rev. Michel C. Knoll, Lutheran minister of New 
York — Hofgoed continues to preach, etc., contrary to Gov- 
ernor's orders — Certificates and Affidavits against him from 

Augsburg, Halle and Kensington 2930-2932 

Dee. 2 Rev. Henry Bai-clay to the Society for Propagating the 

Gospel .' 2932, 2933 

5 The Vestry of Trinity Church, New York, to the Society for 

Propagating the Gospel — Death of Mr. Vesey 2933 

Vestry of Trinity Church to the Bishop of London — Death of 

Mrfvesey 2933, 2934 

9 Gov. ainton to Duke of New Castle — Rev. Henry Barclay. . 2934 

}9 Revs. Du Bois and Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Rev. Weiss leaves Rhinebeck — Johannes Leydt, a student, 

acceptable there; allowed to officiate — Request permission 

to ordain him — Reasons given — Necessity of helping small 

communities 2935-2938 

Church of New York — Appointment of a new clerk — In- 
f * struction of poor children 2938 


Jan. 9 Classis receives a letter from New York — Referred to the 

Deputies 2939 

Report of the Deputies on the Goetschius case — Adopted — 
Letters to be sent to the Committee on the Goetschius 
case, in New York; to Rev. Goetschius; to the church of 
Queens County; to Rev. Ritzema: exhorting all parties to 
peace — A Coetus should be established 2939 

Table of CojS^tents. xliii 

1747. PAGE. 
Jan. 9 Acts of the Deputies: The adopted report on the Goetschius 
case: — the alleged impropriety not proven; but Goetschius 
imprudent ; some of the accusations frivolous ; the New York 
Committee thanked; exhorted to labor for peace; speedy or- 
ganization of a Coetus urged; Goetschius to be considered 
only as a candidate ; importan to labor in some other congre- 
gation; Coetus may examine and ordain him; to be admon- 
ished to peace 2939, 2940 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Ritzema — Requested lo 
help allay the troubles on Ix)ng Island — Fears baptism of 
children in private houses may lead to superstition — The 

Goetschius case 2941, 2942 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — Min- 
utes of Synod — Classis Avill not answer letters addressed 
to private parties — Decision sent on the Goetschius case — 

Necessity of a Coetus 2942, 2943 

Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois, Arondeus, etc. — Case 
of Goetschius — Charge of immorality not proven — His 
passion and imprudence — Still only a candidate — Party- 
feeling prevents his usefulness in Queens County — Legal 
Consistory must be appointed — Goetschius may be settled 
elsewhere — May be examined in the name of the Classis 
by the Coetus when constituted, promising submission to 

the same — Necessity of a Coetus 2944-2946 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Churches in Queens County — Case 
of Goetschius — Evils of strife — Examination of charges 
— Goetschius not guilty — Imprudent and passionate — 
Another pastor needed — Goetschius not under censure — 
May be called elsewhere — Exhortation to forgiveness and 

peace 2947, 2948 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. H. Goetschius — His docu- 
ments examined — Embarrassments of Classis — His im- 
prudence and passion — Forgiven by Classis — The Churches 
of Queens County must seek another pastor — Goetschius 
to be considered only a candidate — If called elsewhere may 

be examined and ordained by Coetus 2948, 2949 

Letter from Van Hoevenberg; his continued illness — His 

salary 2949, 2950 

Acts of the Deputies — Conference with a Committee of the 
Suriname Society regarding means for the conversion of the 

slaves there 2950, 2951 

Report to the Classis of the Conference with the Suriname 

Society — Letters approved by Classis 2951, 2952 

10 Plan of Classis of Amsterdam for the extension of Christian- 
ity among the heathen in Suriname — (Rev. Lambertus 

De Ronde there) 2952-2955 

29 Church of New York — Ministers requested not to preach over 

an hour 2955, 2956 

xliv Table of Contents. 

1747. PAGE. 

April Dutch Church of Albany receives certain laud from the City 

Council 2956 

10 Classis approves a letter for the Church of New York 2956 

11 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois and Ritzema — Church 

of Rhinebeck — Conditions of entering on the ministry — 
John Leydt — Danger of confusion — Leydt may be exam- 
ined by the Coetus — Vol. 30, p. 89. No. 53 2956, 2957 

May 12 The Consistory of New York to the Consistories of North 
America — Letter from the Classis received per Van Sin- 
deren — Copy of the Circular Letter of Church of New York 
(again?) sent to Classis — Classis long ago approved of a 
Coetus — Urged to constitute it at once — Churches urged 

to organize a Coetus 2958 

21 Six ministers to the Classis of Amsterdam about the Coetus — 
Classical Letter of March 4, 1746, received, asking about 
Coetus — Copies sent to all the chm-ches — Conference of 
ministers at New York on May 21, 1747 — Resolved to meet 
on second Tuesday of September, 1747 as a Coetus — 
Postscript — Opposition of Muzelius — Visit of Rev. Michael 
Schlatter — Can the German ministers unite in the Dutch 

Coetus 2958-2960 

26 Consistory of New York to Rev. B. Meynema — Clas.sis urges 
the formation of a Coetus — Informal meeting of Ministers 
near New York, on May 21st — Request him to meet to help 
form a Coetus on the second (Tuesday) of next September. 

2960, 2961 
Rev. Antonius Curtenius to the Classis of Amsterdam — Ben- 
jamin Van der Linde — Rev. G. Haeghoort's conduct about 
Van der Linde's examination — Extracts Sept. 1747 2961 

June 29 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2961 

July 17 Classis receives a letter from Rev. Van Hoevenberg, then at 
Leyden — Health restored — Willing to return to Surinam — 
Classis greets and congratulates the Lord Prince of Orange. 2962 
18 The Church of Minisink (per Rev. Fryenmoet), to the Classis 
of Amsterdam — Thanks Classis for recognizing the ordina- 
tion of Fryenmoet as legal, although inf oimal — Children 
baptized by him, before his ordination, rebaptized — Diflficul- 
ties of their attending a Coetus, on account of distance and 
expense — Will join Coetus, if Classis orders them — Lahore 
of the Herrenhutters 2962-2964 

Au^. 1 Acts of the Deputies — Seek help from the Surinam Society 

in behalf of Van Hoevenberg 2965 

8 Rev. G. Haeghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam — Rejoices in 
permission given to Coetus to ordain Van der Linde — Ex- 
planations about Curtenius — Complains that Classis had 
permitted ministers to examine and ordain, and hence 
should have granted his request also — Ordination of Goet- 
schius illegal — His letter misunderstood — Case of John 
Van Driessen and Acquackononck — Van Driessen's resigna- 
tion — Rev. Coens — Difficulty of ministerial support — 

Table of Contents. xlv 



Arondeus and Long Island — The several requests about 
Van der Linde hastened the formation of a Coetus — Can a 
Committee act in a case in which ordination is involved — 
Necessity of a Coetus 2965-2968 

Aug. 8 Benjamin Van der Linde to Classis of Amsterdam — Thanks 
Classis for allowing his examination by the Coetus — 

Feared the perils of war on the seas 2968 

10 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — The Old Church 

in New York 2969 

20 Church of New York — Arguments for the baptism of sick 

children at home 2969-2971 

27 Church of New York — Proposition of Aug. 20, for baptizing 
sick children at home, approved — Delegates appointed to 
the Coetus — Examination of Church Books 2971, 2972 

Sept. 4 Classis receives letters from Kev. Curtenius — Referred to 
Deputies — Pennsylvania matters referred to the Deputies 

— Case of Van Hoevenbergh 2972 

Classis receives letters from six ministers, under date of May 

21, 1747; from Rev. G. Du Bois; also Circular Letter about 
a Coetus ; from Rev. Muzelius against a Coetus — Letters to 
be prepared to all these parties — Can Rev. Schlatter belong 

to the New York Coetus 2973 

8, 9, 10 The first Coetus — Members present — Correspondence about 
the Coetus, and Articles of 1738, read — Letters from absent 
members — The student Van der Linde requests examina- 
tion; granted, because allowed by Classis — Fees fixed for 
examinations — Manner of examination — Van der Linde to 
be examined in April, 1748 — Students' preaching — Coetus 
alone to seek ordaining power from the Classis — Rules for 
Coetus to be prepared — Church Visitation — Transference 
of ministers to new fields — Establishment of Circuits 
among the Churches — Preaching of strangers — Letter to 
be prepared to send to Classis — [For letter of this Coetus to 

Classis, see under date of April 26, 1748] 2974-2979 

Acts of the Deputies — Private letter from Ritzema (endorsed 
also by Erickson), defending Goetschius, and interceding 
for him — Enemies made by his zeal — Addendum by Du 
Bois ; was pushing the matter of a Coetus — Invitations sent 
out to meet in a Coetus in September — Rev. Schlatter and 
the German ministers would like to join the Coetus. . 2979-2981 
Fail. Acts of the Deputies. Letter read from New York, dated May 

12, 1747 — The churches had been informed of the Classical 
Letter of April 10, 1747, urging the formation of a Coetus 

— Letter read from Curtenius, dated May 26, 1747 — He had 
written about Van der Linde, and requested that Coetus 
might examine and ordain him — His reasons why the or- 
ganization of a Coetus has dragged — Haeghoort had with- 
held the letter of Curtenius, of March 15, 1746, about Van 
der Linde 2981-2983 

xivi Table of Contents. 

n47. PAGE. 

Oct. 2 Rev. E, T. Van Hoevenberg — Reports on foreign letters; two 
from Curtenius, dated March 15, 1746 and May 26^ 1747 — 
One from Schlatter, dated May 23, 1747 — Missing letters 

— Letters approved, to New York addressed to six minis- 
tei's there; to Du Bois; to Muzelius, etc 2984, 2985 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Muzelius — Admonished to join 
the Coetus 2985, 2986 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Du Bois — His letter of May 
21, 1747, received — Congratulates him on progress toward a 
Coetus — Have admonished Muzelius — Reception of Schlat- 
ter into the Dutch Coetus to be delayed 2987, 2988 

Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois, Erickson, Curtenius, 
Frelinghuysen and Van Sinderen — Letter of May 21, 1747, 
received — Congratulations on progress toward a Coetus. 2988 


Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Curtenius — Letters of March 
15, 1746, and May 26, 1747, received — Thanked for his in- 
terest in Van der Linde's Case 2989, 2990 

XoT. 6 Acts of the Deputies — Conference with Surinam Society 
about payment of Van Hoevenbergh — Letters sent to the 

East and West Indies 2990 

28 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Michael Schlatter — His letter 
of May 23, 1747, received — Congratulates him on his zeal 

— Cannot write more fully because two of his letters have 
not yet arrived 2990, 2991 

Dec. 12 Classis approves letters to various places — Sickness of Van 

Hoevenbergh .' 2991, 2992 

John Henry Lydius, son of Rev. Johannes Lydius of Albany. . 2992 

Dec? Acts of the Deputies — Letter received from De Ronde at Par- 

amaribo — Affairs in Surinam — Think it advisable that 
Van Hoevenbergh should not return — Acts of Synod (1745, 
1746), received — The matters about Van Hoevenbergh, and 
the Plan for conversion of the Negroes, to be answered later 

— Improved Plan for a Conventus (or Coetus) in Surinam. 

1747- Dec? Acts of the Deputies — Appeals to the Surinam Society to 

help Van Hoevenbergh 2994 

Jaa. 9 Reports to Classis on lettei^s from abroad; from Rev. Haeghoort, 
about Aquackononck and John Van Driessen; from Van der 
Linde, thanking Classis for permission to be examined in 

America; from De Ronde in Surinam, etc 2995, 2996 

March 7 Church of New York elects delegates to next Coetus ...... 2996 

9 Rev. De Ronde, at Paramaribo, to Classis of Amsterdain — 

(Not found) — See June, 1748 2996 

Api-il 1 Classis approves letter to Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg 2996 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Haeghoort — Approves ex- 
amination of Van der Linde — The Coetus — Aquacononck 

— Prefers to answer facts as officially communicated by the 
Coetus 2996, 2997 

Table of Contents. xlvii 

1748. P^GE. 

\pril 12 A Chapel of Ease needed in New York for Trinity Church. 

2997, 2998 
26 The Coetus of Sept. 8, 9, 1747, to the Classis of Amsterdam 

— The Coetus organized — Minutes of Coetus, Sept. 8, 9, 1747, 
enclosed — Domine Boel stands aloof — Domine Mancius 
considers a Coetus unnecessary — Domine Muzelius writes: 
A Coetus injurious; will lead to separation from Church of 
Holland — Domine Van Santvoord will unite with Coetus — 
Domine Frelinghuysen (of Albany) is favorable, but his 
Consistory yet stands aloof 2998-3000 

Meeting of Second Coetus — Students Van der Lind and 
L^ydt to be examined — Minutes to be sent to Classis as 
soon as possible — Letter from Classis, read — Rev. J. H. 
Goetschius, in accordance with decision of Classis, requested 
release from the churches of Queens County, and to be 
considered only a candidate — Was willing to join the 
Coetus — Elder Fisher of New Brunswick urges the speedy 
examination of Leydt — Aquackononck and Second River 

— .John Schunema's request refused — Examination of stu- 
dents Van der Linde and Leydt — Draft of Rules for the 
Coetus, read — Adopted, subject to the approval of Classis 

— Fryenmoet's ordination — Certificates of licensure given to 
the students Van der Linde and Leydt — Acts of the Synod 
of North Holland for 1746 received — Also for 1737, 1739, 
1742 and 1743 3001-300G 

The Coetus of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — The 
Minutes to be sent to Classis as soon as possible after each 
meeting — Absent ministers — The students Verbryck, Van 
der Linde and Leydt — Leydt permitted to preach by Coetus, 
but prevented by Mancius, yet Fryenmoet had been ordained 
by Mancius — XXIII. 98 — (This letter was not sent until 
August, or later, when a Postscript was added, but which is 

not at hand.) 3006, 3007 

28 Proposed Rules adopted by the Coetus, subject to the approval 

of the Classis — Signed by all present 3007-3012 

Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg 3013 

Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 3013, 3014 

Acts of the Deputies — Letter from De Ronde of March 9, 
1748 — Affairs in Paramaribo — Troubles in the Conventus . 


10 Rev. E. T. Van' Hoevenberg 3017 

11 Trinity Church needs a Chapel— (St. George's Chapel.) 3017 

11 Rer. Theodore Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Condition of Albany and the church there — Preaches in 
English to the soldiers — Church of Albany not favorable 
to the Coetus; but the minister favorable — Has printed a 

small Catechism, and wishes Classis to approve it 3018, 3019 

22 E. E. Van Hoevenberg 3019 

Table of Conte^'ts. 

Marc*i 3 



1749. PAGE. 

Feb. 14 Certificate of licensure to Peter De Wiiidt by the Classis of 

Harderwyk — (Probably a forgery) 3053, 3054 

Feb.? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from the Coetus. of Dec, 12, 
1748 — Ordinations ant! settlements of Goetschius, Leydt 
and Van der Linde — Doings of Arondeus — His return from 
Raritan to Long Island; intrudes in churches on Long 
Island — Complaints by Van Sinderen of his doings — Ir- 
regularities of Muzelius and Boel — Coetus had sent a Com- 
mittee to Tappan — A Committee to examine Catechism of 
Theodore Frelinghuysen — Form of ordination certificates 
recorded 3054, 3055 

Testimonials to John Aemilius Wernich 3055, 3056 

Rev. Mr, Colgan to the Secretary of Society for Propagating 
the Gospel — Episcopal Church at Flushing 3056 

Church of New York — Arrangements about turns of preach- 
ing 3056 

Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Haeghoort,. dated Nov. 
19, 1748 — Case of Tappan — Irregularity of Fryenmoet's or- 
dination — Requests that Coetus may ordain Verbryck — 
No calls should be recognized by Classis unless endorsed 
by Coetus — College in Pennsylvania — One soon to be in 
New York — From these students could go to Holland for 

theology — His own temporal circumstances 3056, 3057 

Spring. Trinity Church — St, George's Chapel 3057 

April 14 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. L. De Ronde — Classis hopes for 
peace — Chides De Ronde for consorting with certain 
knights 3058 

John Wemigh admitted to examination by Classis of Amster- 
dam — Van Hoevenbergh has gone to Surinam without per- 
mission of Classis 3058 

May 5 John Werning (Wernich) licensed to preach by Classis of 
Amsterdam — Letters read and approved to Mancius, Fryen- 
moet, and the Consistory of Minisink; to Rev. Th. Freling- 
huysen; to Rev. H. Boel; to Arondeus; to churches of 
Queens County; to Muzelius and church of Tappan; to 
Haeghoort and church of Second River: to Rev. G. Du Bois. 3059 

Classis of Amsterdam to Consistory of Minisink — Fryen- 
moet's ordination, etc, — Ought to join the Coetus — Re- 
marks on the Herrenhutters 3060 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Ritzema — Gratification 
at the examination of the students by the Coetus — Have 
m'itten to Mancius — Baptism of sick children at home, 3060 


Classis of Amsterdam to Rev, John Arondeus — Regret at his 
unwillingness to consult the Coetus — Admonitions to peace, 3061 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Henry Boel — Sui-prise at his 
opposition to the Coetus — If he- is subordinate to the 
Classis, let him join the Coetus — His improper course at 
Newtown — Should have sought the opinion of Classis — Ad- 
monished bv Classis 3061, 3062 

Table of Co^'texts. li 


> Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Frederick Muzelius — His sus- 
pension confirmed — His case given over to the Coetus — 

Admonitions 30G2 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Ne^rtown, L. I. — 
Commends their zeal but not their methods — Disapproves 
of Rev. Boel's rebaptizing children without advice of 
Classis — Legalizes marriages performed by Goetsehius, be- 
fore his legal ordination 3063 

Classis of Amsterdam to Church of Tappan — Admonition to 
better conduct — Coetus must try and settle mai,ters of 

Muzelius 3063 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Coitus — Pleased at the organi- 
zation of the Coetus — Will write to opponents of the Coe- 
tus — Muzelius — Satisfaction at the examinations — Cir- 
cuits — Fees for examinations — Impropriety of the ordina- 
tion of Fryenmoet by Mancius — Examination of Verbryck 
reluctantly permitted — Submission of Goetsehius accepted 
— Fixing regular fees for examinations not approved — 
Happy at the settlements of Van der Linde and Leydt — 
Request the Coetus to examine the catechism of Th. Freling- 
huysen — Joy over the end of the Goetsehius case — Grief 
at the continued factions in Queens County; and at the con- 
duct of Boel, and Arondeus — Coetus must settle these mat- 
ters, as Avell as the Tappan case 3064^3067 

The Qassis of Amsterdam to Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen — 
Congratulations on his safe arrival, and that he will join 
the Coetus — Examinajtion of Verbryck permitted on his 

recommendation 306* 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Haeghoort — References to 
Fryenmoet and Mancius — Advise him not to go to Pennsyl- 
vania 3068, 3060 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G, Du Bois — Congratulations 

on his stiength and service at his age 3069 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Kingston and Rev. 
G. W. Mancius — Classis astonished at his observations on 
the examination and ordination of Fryenmoet; grieved that 
he does not favor the Coetus; that he objects to the 
preaching of the student Leydt — If he persists in opposi- 
tion to a Coetus, Classis may not stand by him — ^Admoni- 
tion to join the Coetus to prove his fidelity to the Classis. 3069 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Second River— Ad- 
monition to stand by their pastor 3070 

6? Acts of the Deputies — Review of letters read and approved, 

May 5 3071 

May? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Haeghoort and Goet- 
sehius, (committee on Muzelius case), dated Nov. 8, 1748 — 
Had suspended Muzelius, for various misconducts — Docu- 
ments sent over 3071, 3072 

lii Table of Contents. 

1749. PAGE. 

May? Letter from Maneius,, dated July 20, 1747 — XXIII. 128 — Let- 

ter from church of Jamaica, (Arondeus faction) dated Jan. 
7, 1749 — A new Consistoiy, installed by Arondeus — Another 
Consistory has been installed by Ritzema, against which they 
protested — Complain that the other party will not unite 
with them in calling a minister from Holland — Goetsehius 

has gone to Hackensack 3072, 3073 

Letter from Long Island, signed by seven persons of the 
Arondeus Faction, Jan. 10, 1749 — A Reply to certain accu- 
sations against Arondeus — Accusations presented against 
Van Sinderen 3073, 3074 

May 10 Certain Elders and Magistrates of Queens County to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — (Anti-Coetus) — Charges the Coe- 
tus with oppression; that slanders are circulated about Aron- 
deus; that Van Sinderen is a deceiver; that he refused the 
advice of the Consistory to keep away from the Coetus; 
defames Van Sinderen — Friends of the Coetus actuated by 
political views — Six ministei's, though unnamed, are slan- 
dered, as well as Goetsehius — They cannot join such a 

body as the Coetus 3075, 3076 

Census of counties of New York 3077 

12 Petition of Rev. Michael C. Knoll, Lutheran minister at New- 
burgh, and others, to Governor Clinton, for a patent for 
the glebe lands there — Brief review of the Palatine settle- 
ment there: Exiles on account of wars; Patent for 2190 
acres in 1719; 500 acres for ministers; very poor; supplied 
twice a year by the Lutheran minister from New York; 
the glebe unprofitable until 1733; yields only 500 schepels 
of wheat in thirty years; united with Lutheran congrega- 
tion of New York in 1727; proceeds of the glebe now paid 
to that minister; small church built; attempts to deprive 
them of their church, and give it to the crown; ask for a 

special patent for the glebe 3078 

The Consistories of the Five Churches in Kings Coimty to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — (Anti-Coetus) — Failure to get 
Van Sinderin reconciled to Arondeus — Various charges 
against Van Sinderin — Salary withheld — Arondeus com- 
mended — His preaching liked, and Van Sinderin's not 

liked — Arondeus sure of support 3079, 3080 

22 Church of New York — Assistance gi'anted to the German 

church at Amwell, N. J., to build a church 3080 

June 2 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Mr. Boehm 3081, 3082 

5 Petition of Rev. Michael C. Knoll, Lutheran minister at New- 

burgh, etc., against the intrusion of Rev. J. L. Hoofgood, 
who is unauthorized to preach, and is dividing the flock — 
Certificates against Hoofgood 3082-3084 

6 Moravian Episcopate acknowledged by Parliament 3084 

Table of Contents. liii 

1749. PAGE. 

July 2 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Peter Ferris 

offers £3,000. for the Manor — Refused 3085 

21 Classis approves the call of John Frelinghuysen to the 

Church of Raritan — His final examination and ordination. 3085 

Aug. 11 Classis receives letters from Long Island — Referred — Report 

— Cei-tain churches do not wish to be subject to the Coetus 

— Classis had recently written — Answer to these to be de- 
layed 3086 

19 French priests not allowed among the Mohawks 3086 

Sept. 1 Classis receives letter from De Ronde 3087 

12 Acts of the Coetus — Case of Tappan — Ail members of Coe- 
tsu, acting as consnJenten must vepoi-t to Coetus, not to 
Classis — Peter De Wint received as a candidate — • John 
Van Driessen presents papers, that certain pereons in Ac- 
quackononck, Pompton and Gansegat wanted him for their 
minister; offers to discharge all previous subscribers to his 
salary from all obligations — Coetus refuses to deal with his 
requests — Domine Mancius makes charges against Goet- 
schius — Goetschius forbidden to do any ministerial service 
in Queens County — Thos. Romeyn requests to be recom- 
mended to Classis, and if qualified, to be ordained — Posrb- 
poned — Case of Oyster Bay — The church of Second River 
to be admonished — Limitations of students' preaching. 3087-3089 
Oct. 2 Church of Xew York — Increased amount allowed for house- 
rent 3090 

6 Classis holds two letters from Long Island — Consideration of 

De Ronde's letter postponed 3090 

11, 13, 16 Church of New York — Proceedings concerning the proposed 

'call of Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg 3090, 3091 

18 The Coetus, per Rev. G. Du Bois, to the Classis of Amsterdam 

— Sends Minutes of the Coetus of September — Late recep- 
tion of the letter of Classis with the Acts of Synod — Extra 
session of Coetus called for November — Muzelius' request in 
behalf of Peter De Wint —Attempt of Church of New York 
to call Van Hoevenberg — His refusal to join the Coetus. 


22 Lawrence Hoff to Rev. John Ritzema — Letter to be read in 

Coetus — Complains of actions of Du Bois and Ritzema in 
compelling Goetschius to leave Long Island — His leaving 
a great injury to the church — Deprived of leligious privi- 
leges .' 3093, 3094 

Oct.? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from De Ronde at Paramaribo, 

dated May 25, 1749 — Affairs in Surinam 3094, 3095 

Oct. 29 Lutheran Church of New York petitions the Governor — Fur- 
ther explanation of their settlement at Newburgh and their 
church possessions and seiiiees there — Wants protection 
from unauthoiized preachers 3095 

Ht Table of Contents. 

1749. PAGE. 

Not. 1, 7 Sev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg to Mr. Brouwer, of the Classis of 
Amsterdam, Nov. 1749 — His affairs in Surinam — Charged 
vith being crazy — Wishes the conduct of the Governor to 
be legally investigated — • Preaching in New York, he was 
called there — Then a few tried to force him to join the 
Coetus — The call was mysteriously quashed — Received a 

present of twenty five pounds 3096, 3097 

7 Acts of the Coetus — Arondeus cited to appear before the 
Coetus ; his Consistory also cited — Fiyenmoet joins the 
Coetus — Church of New Paltz favorable to the Coetus — 
Ritzema has ordained a new Consistory at Jamaica; ap- 
proved by the Coetus — Churches of Queens County yet, 
more or less, divided — Censure on Muzelius to be continued 
for three months: then removed, if he is penitent — Letter 
from Lawrence Hoff of Oct. 22, 1749, read, and action 
thereon — Churches of Acquackononek and Second River do 
not unite — Difficulties in the church of Poughkeepsie ad- 
justed — Former baptisms by domine Goetschius ratified — 
Ultimate action to be taken in reference to Muzelius — Plan 
for securing payment of salaries — All calls must be ap- 
proved by the Coetus — Coetus writes to the church of New 
Paltz — Catechism of Rev. Th. Frelinghuysen endorsed — 
Call, formerly made on Van Sinderen, approved — Bad con- 
duct of the adherents of Arondeus — Statement of the ad- 
herents of Van Sinderen as to former efforts at reconcilia- 
tion — Arondeus refuses to appear before the Coetus. 3098-3102 
Dec. (?) Acts of the Deputies — Letter from De Ronde at Paramaribo, 

dated Aug. 6, 1749 3103, 3104 

Jan. 13 Classis receives letters from Ritzema and Du Bois with the 
Acts of the Coetus — Dorsius appointed by West India Co. 
to Guinea without consulting Classis, Classis demands cre- 
dentials from him — Letters from De Ronde, etc., received. 310.') 

27 Dorsius refers Classis to the Synod of South Holland — Classis 

demands his credentials 3106 

Feb. Loss of Trinity Church Records by fire 3106 

April 4 German Lutherans petition Gov. Clinton to be allowed to 
collect funds and build a church in New York; cannot wor- 
ship with the Holland Lutherans on account of language. 3106 


Mission of the Abbe Picquet in Northern New York 3107 

* Affidavits of John H. Lydius and wife as to the bounds of the 

Mohawk lands to the north east — Grant to Domine Dellius. 3107 


6 Case of Doi-sius 3108 

(?) Acts of the Deputies — Letters from Du Bois and Ritzema 
received, dated Dec. 27, 1749, 0. S.: Also Minutes of extra 

Table of Contents. Iv 

1750. PAGE. 

session of Coetiis, Nov. 1749 — The difficulties on Long Island 

— Request of Classis for full power to deal with the obsti- 
nate ones — Arondeus and Goetschius — Legality of the calls 

in Kings County 3108, 310i3 

Letters from De Ronde of Aug. 20, 1749, and Dec. 10, 1749 — 
Had prepared some "First Truths" in Negro-English — Ill- 
ness requires him to leave Paramaribo — Troubles between 

the French and Dutch ministers 3109 

pril 7 Report from the Deputies, on the letters from New Nether- 
land and on the Acts of the Coetus — Drafts of letters to 
the New York Coetus; to Du Bois and Ritzema; to three 
members at Jamaica; and to the five congregations on Long 

Island; all approved 3109, 3110 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. L. De Ronde — Van Hoevenberg 

— Exhortation to diligence — His " First Truths " in Negro- 
English 3110 

Classis of Amsterdam to three members of the Church of 
Jamaica — Classis displeased with the letter — Its abuse of 
the Coetus — Admonitions to the writers — The evil conduct 
of Arondeus — Exhortation to submit to the Coetus. 3111, 3112 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Five Congregations on Long 
Island — Gnef of Classis at their dissensions — Their opposi- 
tion to Van Sinderen and favor to Arondeus — The opinion 
of Classis exactly otherwise — Their attempt to lay down 
the law for the Classical decision — Coetus is requested to 
settle the affair 3112, 3113 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Min- 
utes of the Coetus of Sept. 1749, and letters, received — 
Remarks on Arondeus and Van Sinderen — Coetus requested 
to decide the matter — Admonitory letters written to all 
parties — All matters to be first decided by Coetus — Re- 
quest to examine De Wint — His case suspicious — Case of 
Thos. Romein — John Van Driessen — J. H. Goetschius and 

Oyster Bay — Haeghoort and Second River 3113, 3114 

pril 7 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Du Bois and Rev. Ritzema. 

— Minutes of Coetus and letters received — Van Hoeven- 
Lerg's case — Classis cannot yet decide on the Queens 
County affairs — The Kings County matter cleared: the one 
legally called is the lawful minister; the one irregularly 
enticed from another church, is not — Admonitions sent to 
the friends of Arondeus 3114, 3115 

pril? Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Asks for certifications of his official character — Complains 
of actions at Surinam; also at New York in reference to his 
call; also of the letter of Classis to Coetus about him. 3115, 3116 
26 Rev. G. W. Mancius to the Classis of Amsterdam — The de- 
termination of J. H. Goetschius to preach at New Paltz, 
although Mancius objected — John Van Driessen — Disci- 

Ivi Table of Contents. 

1750. PAGE. 

pliiie of certain ones at New Paltz — Goetschius's students 
Iicid preached at the Paltz — Goetschius seemed to despise 
the Classis — Conduct of John Levdt — ]\Ianciiis cannot 
accept of the advice of Classis to join the Coetus — The 
Coetus seems to have acted unjustly in attempting to force 
Kingston — Goetschius defends John Van Driessen — King- 
ston would receive no benefit by joining the Coetus — 
Does not desire to cease con'espondence with Classis. 3116-3118 
Spring. Acts of the Deputies — Van Hoevenberg 3119 

Ma y 7 The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam — Minutes of Nov. 
1749, sent — Arondeus and his adherents refuse to submit 
their case to the Coetus — Muzelius declared emeritus — 
Verbryck to settle at Tappan — De Wint goes to Bergen 
and Staten Island — Rhineback, Rochester and Xew Paltz, 
vacant — Expense too great to get ministers from Holland 
— The Catechism of Theodore Frelinghuysen approved. 3119, 3120 
? Acts of the Deputies — Letter received from De Ronde, dated 
Jan. 17, 1750, from Paramaribo — Various items about 
affairs there 3120 

May 11, and June. The Dorsius Case — XII. 203, 206 3121 

July? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from De Ronde dated Para- 

maribo, Feb. 28, 1750 — Court has permitted him to go to 

New York for his health 3121 

9 Acts of the Deputies — Classis receives letter from Haeghoort, 
dated May 1, 1750 — Will remain at Second River — Objects 
to certain expressions in letter of Classis to his church — 
Aquackononck and Second River will not unite — Coetus 
makes but little progress in reference to calls; gives no 

redress to misused ministers 3121, 3122 

20 Acts of Classis — Dorsius case in statu — De Ronde has left 
Surinam and gone to New York for his health — The New 
York Coetus wants to know the reasons why they may 
not hold examinations — Letter from Haeghoort — Suffer- 
ing churches in Pennsylvania — Dorsius not permitted to 
go to D'Elmina — Classis wishes well to the eflforts of Rev. 
Michael Schlatter 3122, 3123 

July 81, Aug. 3, 20. Church of New York — Request from many members 
to call Rev. Lambertus De Ronde — His credentials to be 
examined — Willing to become a member of the Coetus — 
His credentials satisfactory — Subscriptions sufficient — 
He is called 3123, 3124 

Aug. 8 Action of churches of Kings Co. on the decision of Classis 

of April 7 3124-3127 

10 Church of Bergen — Certificate to Peter de Wint as a Candi- 
date 3127 

Consistories of Bergen and Staten Island, (per Rev. G. Du 
Bois) to the Classis of Amsterdam — Had made out a call 
for him on June 18. 1750, before the reception of letter 
from Classis refusing permission to the Coetus to ordain 

Table of Contents. Ivii 

'50. PAGE. 

him — Request the Classis to examine and ordain him — The 
expense of sending him to Holland, great 3127, 3128 

10 Revs. Du Bois and Ritzema with elder Abrm. Lefferts to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — Reply to danders of Arondeus — 
Arondeus will not appear in Coetus in September — Aron- 
deus says that he, Boel and Mancius are the only maintain- 
era of the Chui'ch in America — They are the stirrers up 
of discord — Mr. Clopper will verbally explain matters — 
Request the letters of the Arondeus faction to be sent to 
Coetus 3128, 3129 

10, or 20. Action of churches of Queens Co., on decision of Classis 

of April 7 3129-3131 

t. 7 Affairs of Dorsius, Coetus of New York, and domine Haeg- 

hoort, in statu 3131 

7, 11 Ritzema notifies Arondeus of the approaching meeting of 
Coetus; requests him to be present — Arondeus replies that 
he and his Consistories have no business with the Coetus. 3132 
11-14 Acts of the Coetus — Correspondence with the Classis, read — 
Correspondence with Holland, read — Citation to Arondeus 
and his answer read — The business relating to Oyster Bay 
left in the hands of Rifzema — Van Hoevenberg and elders 
appeared from Livingston Manor, but not complying with 
conditions, withdrew — Call of Verbryck to Tappan; ap- 
proved his ordination — Advice given to church of Fishkill 
— Directing how to manage affairs at Tappan — Falsehood 
of John Van Driessen — Letter to Classis concerning Kings 
County affair, approved — Circuit (Ring) of Orange, consti- 
tuted — Directions how to manage matters at New Paltz, 
as between Mancius and Fiyenmoet 3132-3135 

14 The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam — Minutes sent — 
Coetus cannot receive charges against Van Sinderen from 
the Arondeus party, which does not recognize the Coetus — 
Their recognition of the Classis is a mere pretence — A call, 
regular or irregular, all the same to them — The exhorta- 
tions of Classis to opponents of Coetus, all vain — Coetus 
has no aim toward independence — Meetings difficult, be- 
cause of the great distances — No requests now for more 
examinations, although many thought it hard to require 
De Wint to cross the seas again — Case of John Van Dries- 
sen — Union of Aquackononck and Second River impossi- 
ble — Hope for decision of Classis on the Arondeus case. 3135 


14 (Supplementary.) Arrival of John Frelinghuysen with let- 
ters from Classis — Received Acts of Synod of North Hol- 
land and document against the Herrenhutters — Rejoice 
that the complainants against Van Sinderen are ordered to 
present their case to Coetus — The citation of Arondeus and 
his answer — Coetus decided Van Sinderen the only lawful 
minister in Kings County, and Arondeus, unlawful; yet this 

Iviii Table of Contei^ts. 

1750. PAGE. 

awaits the ratification of Classis — Request that the Classis 
would silence Arondeus once for all — A decision concern- 
ing his Consistory also needed — Verbryck is settled at 
Tappan, and Muzelius is emeritus — Hope for a formal de- 
cision, as a separate document, signed and sealed by the 
Classis, on the Kings County Case 3137, 3138 

Oct. 5 Deputies reported that Dorsius had been censured in Penn- 
sylvania ; keeps out of sight — Letters to the Coetus of 
New York and to Haeghoort, approved — No letter yet re- 
ceived from the Conventus of Surinam 3138, 3139 

'. Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Haeghoort — Letters received — 

Classis offended at expressions in Haeghoort's letter about 

the letter of Classis to his people — Admonition — Charity 

[.,'/■ of Classis to him in his trying circumstances 3139 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Acts of 
Coetus of Nov. 1749, and letters received — Congratulations 
on the progress of the Coetus — Pleased with action in ref- 
erence to Muzelius and Verbryck — Coetus must not allow 
intrusions into the ministry — Endorsed the approval of 
Frelinghuysen's Catechism — Regrets the continued diffi- 
culties in Kings County — Haeghoort and the churches of 
Aquackononck and Second River commended to the loving 
interest of the Coetus — Case of De Wint — Classis fears 
that too many examinations and ordinations by the Coetus, 
being under a foreign government, might produce unpleas- 
ant complications 3140, 3141 

18 Church of New Paltz, vs. the church of Kingston — Testi- 
mony as to the independence of New Paltz — The instruc- 
tions of the Coetus and the letter of iMancius read to the 
New Paltz Consistory — New Paltz, originally a French 
church, independent of Kingston; but now willing to unite, 
temporarily, in support of a minister — Some of the New 
Paltz people had united with Kingston — John Van Dries- 
sen's ministry at the Paltz led some of the people to make 
confession of faith before Manciiis at Kingston — The Paltz 
had an independent Consistory from 1683 for many years — 
No Consistory when Van Driessen went there; he appointed 
one — The Paltz always a church by itself, and independent 
of Kingston — Fryenmoet installs a Consistoiy, 1750. 3141-3143 

Not. ? Classis receives letter of Arondeus, dated Aug. 10, 1750 — 
Denies his unlawful running about — Says he had a lawful 
call back to Kings County — Would like to know his ac- 
cusers — Did not understand that the Classis referred him 
and his case to Coetus; would rather Tesign than go be- 
fore that body ^3143, 3144 

Dec. 8 Rev. Peter Wynstock to Peter De Windt — Congratulates him 
on his arrival in Holland; upon his call to Bergen, and his 
speedy examination (Jan. 1751), by the Classis of Amster- 
I dam 3144 


Table of Contents. lix 

1750. PAGE. 

Dec. 10 The Church of Kingston, per G. W. Mancius, to the Classis of 
Amsterdam — Inquiries made of Ritzema whether the Coe- 
tus had authorized J. H. Goetschius to administer the sacra- 
ments at New Paltz — Ritzema could not answer, not hav- 
ing the Minutes at hand — He requested the proofs that 
the church of New Paltz belonged to that of Kingston — 
Proofs furnished by Mancius: — Contributions to the sala- 
ries of the Kingston ministers until the arrival of John 
Van Driessen, (1732); by the members uniting with the 
Kingston church from the Paltz; the Paltz had had no other 
Consistory than that of Kingston, until John Van Driessen 
made one — Goetschius's preaching there was an intrusion 
Eitzema expressed his thanks — Fryenmoet had ordained 
a Consistory there, by order of Coetus, as was said — Man- 
cius inquires of Ritzema about this — Ritzema unable to 
report, but had handed the letter to Fryenmoet to answer 
— Was this ecclesiastical ? — Classis requested to examine 
documents about the differences between Kingston and Rev. 
Peter Van Driessen — Wish decision of Chassis; else will 

go to the Synod 3144-3146 

27 Church of New York — Questions about playing the organ, 

and paying the organist — Rules for bell-ringing 3146 

Dutch Church of I^ew York. -„2^ 

June 7, 1725. 
After calling on God's name, it was Eesolved by the Consistory 
that Messrs. Philip Cortland, William Roseboom, Abrm. Lefferts 
and Cornelius Yan Home, Jr., be a committee to obtain informa- 
tion during the coming week, about every farm on the Manor, 
and make the same known to the Consistory. This is done in 
order to regulate the leases to the best profit of the church. The 
lessees shall be spoken to, in preparation, but nothing shall be 
consummated without the approval of the Consistory. 

Statement or Declaration, of the Undersigned Ministers, 
TO those Cited, Concerning the Publication of this 
Complaint [Against Frelinghuysen]. See Above. 

(June 8, 1725.) 

We recognize with regret that the conduct of the " Citers " of 
(the Church) of Raritan with their minister, Theodorus Jacobus 
Frelinghuysen, toward you, Messrs. Peter Du Mont, Simon Wyck- 
ofF, Henry Yroom, Daniel Sebering, and all the others included 
in the "Secession", appears to be so singular, as well as con- 
trary to the Order of the Dutch Reformed Church, that we 
consider that you had good reasons to publish to the world the 
" Complaint " (Klagte) which you have made to us, against these 
"Citers'' with their minister; so that the same may serve as a 
Reply in Defense, to their irregular and unparalleled " Cita- 
tions"; and also to submit these "Citations" together with your 
" Complaint " concerning them, to all truth-loving Christians, 
with the sincere prayer that they would give them a careful ex- 
amination that they may understand all the facts in this im- 
portant business. 

This is all the more important, because the " Citers " and their 
minister, pretend to appeal to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam as 

2310 Ecclesiastical Records 

their Competent Judge; but notmtlistanding, as if they could 
be both a party in the case and a judge, they persist in their con- 
duct toward you concerning their amazing act of excommunica- 
tion, although illegally performed, being in direct opposition to 
the plain teaching of the 76th Article of the Synod of Dort, 
1618-19, which says: '^'No one shall be excommunicated except 
by previous advice of the Classis ''. This, however, was done to 
you, as you show in your " Complaint ". 

This " Complaint ", in which the " Citations " are answered in 
detail, is submitted to all lovers of truth that they may under- 
stand whether you, the '' Cited " or whether the " Citers " in 
their rashness have departed from the pure doctrine and disci- 
pline of the true Dutch Reformed Church. 

In our opinion you have been driven to make this '^ Com- 
plaint ", as must be admitted by all lovers of peace. For your 
opponents were un-s\dlling that this unportant business in dispute, 
should be submitted to the impartial judgement, either of all the 
Dutch Churches in this country, or of their pastors, in particular. 
This is evident even from the writings of the ^' Citers '' and their 

It is therefore a " Complaint " in defence of your cause, which, 
we beg all lovers of truth to whom it may come, carefully to con- 
sider. This should be done, especially, because you yourselves 
and the majority of your congregation at Raritan, are recognized 
members of the Dutch Reformed Church, and, so far as we know, 
sound in doctrine and pure in life ; also, in order that some desir- 
able means may be found for the removal of offences which have 
arisen in those regions, unto the grief of all godly people; and 
that the spirit of division may be resisted, and that the church 
may become again united in sentiment and feeling, and practice 
the Truth among themselves, in love. 

We must, indeed, complain of these "Citers" and their min- 
ister, not only in their relation to you, but also in their relations 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2311 

to us, and protest against their actions before all lovers of truth 
in general and in particular, before the Rev. Classis of Amster- 
dam, inasmuch as it tends to the destruction of the Christian 
peace of the Dutch Eeformed Churches in this country. Eor 
they do not cease to offend us, unjustly, in reference to our pub- 
lic worship, which they render fruitless, so far as lies in their 
power; and also in regard to the members of our congregations, 
whom they seek to prejudice against us, as will appear from, your 
" Complaint " as we believe, to all fairminded individuals. 

!N"ot only the ministry but also the laity of the Dutch Reformed 
Church should be on their guard against all such conduct, and 
admonish others to do the same. This duty is shown by '^ Ex- 
tracts " from several resolutions of the Synods. Among these, 
we refer to the Synod of Xorth Holland, held at Hoorn in 1683, 
Arts. 25, 26; the Synod held at Edam, 1679, which treats of the 
Labadists and of Rev. J. Koehnan, wliioh reads as follows : ^^ The 
several Classes declared that every one connected with them, were 
on the watch against both these — (the Labadists and Koelman), 
and it was enjoined on them to be very careful; inasmuch as 
J. Koelman sought to render the work of the ministry fruitless, 
and to excite prejudices among the church-members against the 
ministers '\ ISTow this, our Statement has originated, because we 
in this country, have taken to heart that which we subscribed to 
in Holland. 

For such reasons, it is our candid opinion, Gentlemen, that you 
should furnish to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam the '^ Citations ", 
(issued to you), as well as your '^ Complaint ", with the request 
that Classis would give them their careful consideration. Thus 
it may appear whether the " Citers ^\ or yourselves, in this far-off 
land, are the sincere professors and the faithful defenders of the 
pure doctrine and discipline of the Christian Church, according 
to the Word of God, and the Order of the Church. 

Meanwhile, it remains the desire of our hearts that the kingdom 




of God may continually increase and prosper, by one and the 
same Spirit, and by the bonds of Christian love and harmony. 

Gualtherns Du Bois, Minister in ISfew York. 

Yincentius Antonides, Minister on Long 


Petrus Yas, Minister at Kingston. 

lionricus Boel, Minister in Xew York. 
!N'ew York, 
June 8, 1725. 

Rev. Petrus Yan Driessen, minister at Albany, in the name 
of his Consistory, makes the clear declaration that he warmly 
supports this good cause; but that because of several pressing 
engagements, he could not come down. He prays that a blessing 
may rest on the finished work. 

To the same effect is the written statement of Rev. Thomas 
Brouwer, minister at Schenectady, in which he gives assurance 
of his high regard, and earnestly asks to be excused on account 
of ill health. 

[This " Statement " or " Declaration " CYerklaaring) follows 
the title page. Then follows these poems, addressed to the 
authors of the Complaint, consisting of a Prelude, a Response, 
and a Conclusion, with a Supplementary Poem upon the Com- 
plaint itself. These are ironical in character.] 


For the Authoks of this Co^rLAixT. 


Darde Doit een Streveling bestaan 

(Niet opgeblaaze en trots van Waan) 
Te roemen op zyn Helden-Daaden, 
En gadelooze Deught-Cieraarden, 

Dat ze and "re ver te boven gaan? 


Did mortal e'er attempt the feat, 
Unless puffed up with self-conceit, 
Of boasting that, for deeds victorious 
And every matchless virtue glorious. 
None live who can with him compete? 

OF THE State of !N'ew York. 2313 


Of was voit iemant zoo vermaart 
Van waare Wysheit, vroom van Aart, 
Dat by geen Laster hadt te schroomen, 
Schoon by bekladt wiert by de Vroomen, 
Daar Schyn en Godvrugt nimmer paart' 

Or, was one ever so renowned 
For wisdom true, and piety sound, 
He did not need have fear of slander. 
Though smutched by those who, lacking candor, 
Should with the pious not be found? 

NeenI zoo een was daar nooit gemest; 

De Deugt alleen heeft onbevreest, 
Als onbevlekt, de Loogen, 
En Laster van elk tarten mogen, 

Waar in men niet dan Volsheit leest. 

No, never was there such an one. 

But VIRTUE — it is she alone 
Who, spotless, without fear, defying 
All craftiness, deceit and lying. 

Has with undimmed lustre shone. 

Wei wie dan; dan de blanke Deugt, 
Gelyk een Maagt in haare jeuct 
Geen Rimpels heeft; wie anders 
Zart zyn. die by de Raretanders 
Zig zoo in eige Roem verheugt? 

Well, who then is this VIRTUE rare, 
A maiden young, unwrlnkled, fair, 
But one who, on the Raritan dwelling. 
In boasting of himself, is telling 
AVhat only she can well declare? 

Dat zoo durft tarten: Tong nog Pen 
En maakt my anders dan ik ben; 

Steeds blyve ik van Quaad-spreekers Monden. 

Nog even schoon en engeschonden; 
Als elk moot tuigen. die my ken. 

Who dares my word to challenge men 
" I'm not unmade by tongue or pen; 
Inviolate from slanderers talking. 
As ever in my purity walking. 
I can appeal to others' ken." 

De Deugt alleen doch heeft die Naam, 
Dat geen Basuin-klank van de Faam, 
'K Laat staan de Lof der Redenaaren, 
Hoewel bespraakt, kan enenaaren 

Haar Glans en Waarde, eyk aargenaam. 

Yet, only VIRTUE has a name 
Which needs no trumpet sound of fame. 
Much less the praise of oratory, 
However glib, to give her glory; 

Her preciousness — always the same. 


2314 Ecclesiastical Records 


Zoo it *t; de Deugt, in haaren aart. 

Is voor den Laster onvervaart; 
Maar mil ook nooit haar zelven roemen, 
Gelyk ze leert de Trotsheit doemen, 

Gaat zy met Zeedigheit gepaart. 

Yes, VIRTUE, in her native light, 
Can face foul slander without fright; 
And yet without herself exalting. 
Against all haughtiness revolting, 
With MODESTY she will unite. 

Daar 't regt Cieraat eens van het Hert 

(De Nedrigheit) gebooren werdt; 
Daar schuuwt men 't self-roem-rugtig-sprecken. 
En heeft me een afkeer van die Treeken, 

Wier Loon maar zyn zol Ziele-smart. 

Where once that heart-born ornament, 
Humility, brings sweet content, 
There, one's averse to loud self-praising, 
And cannot bear to think of raising 
Strains to the soul's embitterment. 

Wie wagte den niet dlt beleit, 

Met goede Geest nan onderscheit, 
Van hen, die als Gods Heyl-Gezanten, 
Zig tegen Trotsheit moeten kanten 

En hand 'len met Zagtmoedgheit. 

Who does not look for care and tact - 
A spirit for discerning fact — 
In those who. Heralds of Salvation, 
Do Pride suppress with reprobation, 
With meekness mark their every act? 

Dat's Leeraars Pligt, 't is waar; maar by 

Verbeelde Godvrugt, Veynzery, 
En Heerschzugt, was dat nooit te vinden. 
Waar dat men zig zoo dwaas wrblinde, 

En vondt men niet den snorkery. 

That preacher's duty is, 'tis true; 

But it can never have to do 
With fancied piety's condition, 
Dissimulation and ambition; 

'T would be but braggadocio. 

Hy krenkt zig zelf, maar and're met. 

Die onbedagtzaam niet ontziet 
Zig zelo' hertnekkig te verklaaren, 
Wie need'rig sprak, met meer bedaaren, 

Zig, Zelf-verheffing, wys outriedt. 

He who is inconsiderate, 
In self-laudation obstinate. 

Hurts but himself, and not another. 

Who humbly speaks and gives no bother - 
He wisely keeps his own estate. 

OF THE State of New York. 2315 


Hy, die de Godvrugt zoo betragt, 

Zal, van de Vroomen hoog-geagt, 
Ligt konnen Eige-roem outbeeren. 
Zyn Stigting zal zyn Naam in Eere 

Doen duuren zelf by 't Nageslagt. 

Who does thus practice godliness, 

And godly men's regard possess, 
Can well do without self-laudation; 
His name in honor — a creation — 

Endures posterity to bless. 

Wei zalig dan Gods Gunstgenoot, 

Die Godt zoo trouw bleef tot de Doodt. i 

Het Heil van zulke Waarheit Tolken 
Zal stygen boven 't Drift der Wolken 
Ter eeuw' ge Rust in Abrah'ma Schoot. 

How are God's best beloved blest. 
Whose faithfulness can stand death's test 
Who, happy while the truth defending. 
Above the drifting clouds ascending. 
Shall once in Abraham's bosom rest! 

Gezeegent Landt dan ook, en kerk, 

Daar zoo getrouw God's Akker-werk 
Beyvert wiert aan all' de Leeden; 
Daar wiert geen Lidt versmaat, vertreeden; 

Daar bleef elk binnen Pligt en Perk. 

Blest is the land; the Church as well, 
Where thus God's husbandry does tell 

Of faithfulness in all the members! 

Not one's despised, and each remembers 
What place to him by duty fell! 

Wien (dien God's Heil ter Herte gaat, 

Met Zugt op Zugt, om zulken Staat; 
Maar die, wyl 't hem niet mogt gebeuren, 
Men, des gehoout, zag bitter treuren) 

Gaf men geen Trorst met rype Raadt? 

Should one who takes to hear God's will, 

Sighs, longing such a place to fill, 
Instead of insult for his failing, 
Causing him most bitter wailing, 

Not have more help and comfort still? 

Die nimmer oreemde Leere dreef, 

Maar trouw de Hervormde Godsdienst bleq, 
Nogthans zag (als Verrottee Leeden 
Geschiet) zig plotslyk afgesneeden, 

Klaagde over die, die dat bedreef. 

Shouldn't he who ne'er strange doctrine brought, 

But true Reformed Religion taught. 
Yet saw himself, like one low rated, 
Suddenly excommunicated. 

Complain of him this ill had wrought! 

2316 Ecclesiastical E-ecords 

Ja! klaagde regt aan Arm en Ryk. 

Of dat niet was ees Ongelyk, 
Waarover elk moest zyn bewoogen, 
Met Waarheit-minnend mede-doogen. 

O! Dat men een regt Oordeel stryk! 

Complain indeed! — to poor and rich! 

Ask, if it's not an injury which 
Must move to pity all who're seeking, 
In love of truth and justice speaking, 

A righteous judgement for all such! 

Die lyden voor haar goede Zaak, 

Van Sehyn-deugts Heerschzugt, tothaar Wraak, 
Geduldig, zal God uitkomst geeven 
Eens, is 't nlet hier, 'tis na dit Leemen, 

In eeuwig zalig Ziel Vermaak. 

Them who've a good cause to advance. 

Pained by false "Virtue's arrogance, 

But patiently no vengeance taking — 

God will aid now; or, at the awakinsr. 

Their souls with endless joy entrance. 


Nu Klaag-schrift, Klaag, spoe n geswint, 

Klaag Ouwde en jonge, Vreemde en Vrind, 
't Lang-Eylandt en Nieuw Jersey over. 

Toon aan 't Verbystert Earetan 
't Onregt desgoeden — Naams Verdover 

Door zyn onchristelyke Ban. 

Go, now. Complaint; speed thee from here 
To old and young, those far and near. 
Of him, who would a good name cover 
Long Island and New Jersey over. 
Inform bewildered Raritan 
With his unjust, unchristian ban. 

Hy, niet zyn blinden Aanhang, wreet, 

Schoon met een Lams-vel overkleet, 
Is u niet magtig te verschrekken. 

Gy toont, hoe men, die Scheuring wrogt, 
Moet vangen in zyn eige Strikken; 

Waar mee zig in verwerring brogt. 

He, with his followers blind and mad. 
Himself though in a lambskin clad, 
Has not the power you to frighten. 

Ye know how one who schism has wrought 
Can in his own snares, when they tighten 
To his confusion, best be caught. 

Ga, lang getergt, nu moedig voort. 

Door Zugt voor Waarheit aangespoort, 
Outdek aan all', die U outmoeten, 

Het Oogwit van zyn Schyn-gelaat; 
Tree in, by die u welkom groeten; 

En overtuig ben van zyn guaat. 

Go, long provoked, go boldly on, 

Spurred by the wish that truth be won. 
Disclose to wayfarers that meet thee 

The mark of his false countenance: 
And all such as in welcome greet thee 

Convince of his base Impudence — 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 2317 


Zyn quaat Beleidt, dat, ongestuit, 

Zou kank'ren, als vesgistig kruit. 
Ja! wie niet hooren, roept; Yerblinden! 

Wat gaat u aan, dat ge u verkeert 
Zo laat misleiden en verslinden, 

O! Gy en weet niet waar 't u deert. 

His evil craft, which, hindered not, 

Would, like a poisonous herb, cause rot: 
To those who hear not cry; " ye blinded, 

Why face your ruin so inert, 
Misguided thus by the wrong-minded? 

Ye do not know where ye are hurt I " 

Wat! zal men, als het Pausdom play, 

Vervoert door menschelyk Gezag, 
Die, om eens anders wil, outeeren 

Met Ban, die voor de Waarheit staan? 
Neen; dat is tegen 's Heilands Leere 

Lyn-regt, en Kerken-Orders aan. 

What? one shall, as is popedom's way. 

By man's authority led astray. 
Dishonor with his ban far-reaching 

Who firmly take a stand for truth? 
No! straight against the Savior's teaching 

Church orders too — that is forsooth! 

O! wil met aandagt my doorblaan, 

'K Wys u op 't regte Padt te gaan, 
Niet in den Weg van Menschen Vonden, 

Maar zuiver naar Gods Leevend Woort: 
Daar, daar alleen oint men de Gronden, 

Waar na d' Hervormde Godsdienst hoort. 

O, heed me as ye read me through. 

I show you the right path to go; 
Not in the way of Man's inventions. 

But as declares God's living word. 
With that alone, sound in intentions, 

Reformed Religion does accord. 


[The following is the Preface to the book known as the " Klagte " or " Com- 
plaint against Frelinghuysen." It is signed by a number of persons from the 
several congregations of the one Church of the entire Raritan District; but It was 
written by lawyer Boel of New York. It is very partizan in Its character, and 
the parties complained of, Frelinghuysen, Schureman and Hendrick Fisher, have 
always been held in the highest esteem, both in Church and State. The ultimate 
moral results of Frelinghuysen's course, however criticized at the time, have been 
only beneficial. The locality where he officiated has been known ever since as 
" The Garden of the Dutch Church." The above " Statement " and this Preface 
were written, apparently, several months after the Complaint, and perhaps after 
Freeman's Defence had been published, and is an effort to bolster up the Com- 


2318 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

To all Impartial and Truth-loving Persons: but especially To the Dutch Reformed 
Congregations in the two Provinces of New York and New Jersey. 

We, the undersigned — the authorized Committee of the joint subscribers, in 
behalf of ourselves and others, together with the professors and supporters of 
the pure doctrine and discipline of the Reformed Dutch Church, and who are 
connected with the four congregations of the entire Raritan district, in the 
Province of New Jersey, in North America, — feel ourselves compelled to request 
the Christian Reader, before he peruses this volume, to give this Preface his 
careful consideration, that he may properly understand this business: 

For a number of years past, certain persons have been coming from other 
Dutch congregations in this land, to take up their home in this Raritan district. 
In reference to religious privileges, these have been served by some of the neigh- 
boring ministers. But when, by the blessing of God, our numbers multiplied, we 
greatly desired to have a minister to reside among us — one who should come from 
Holland — and be settled according to the Dutch Reformed Church Order, both 
Synodical and Classical. To this end we wrote to Holland, and in the year 1720, 
Rev. Theodore James (Jacobus) Frelinghuysen came over to reside among us. He 
was accompanied by a young man named James (Jacobus) Schureman. 

We welcomed him with joy and love, hoping that his services would be to our 
edification. But alas! to our sorrow, we soon found, and that in an ever increas- 
ing degree, that the results were otherwise. There were severe and bitter denun- 
ciations uttered against all of us from the pulpit, as well as by this Schureman. 
This was done everywhere and on all occasions; and were to the effect that we 
were, all of us, unconverted; and we were discouraged from approaching the 
Lord's Table. 

Rev. Mr. Freeman was finally spoken to on the subject, and he informed the 
other ministers about it. They attempted, in May, 1720, more than once, to have 
a conference with Rev. Frelinghuysen, but he avoided them. He finally went 
away, but left Schureman at the house of Rev. (Gualterus) Du Bois. At that 
place, on Saturday, May 21st, Schureman declared that the preachers in New 
York were false guides, (verleyden); and when he was contradicted in this, he 
left (uytliep) the house. 

On Monday, May 23, he went to Rev. (Henricus) Boel, and attacked him also, 
as he had Rev. Du Bois. This was done in the presence of Boel's brother, who 
was a lawyer, and it again related to the character of their religious services. 
He maintained what he had said at the house of Rev. Du Bois, namely, that a 
minister ought to be able to see, whether or not a man had been born again. If 
he could not, he was yet au unconverted teacher himself — (een natuurlyke Lee- 
raar.) He applied his remark to the Rev. Boel, who had denied that a minister 
could thus judge. Schureman then also declared, that in behalf of Rev. Freling- 
huysen, he would warn all who would listen to him against Revs. Du Bois and 

For the preservation of the peace of the Church, the Consistory now resolved 
to contradict these and similar errors publicly from the pulpit. This was done. 
It was also suggested that a complaint, in writing, should be sent to the Con- 
sistory of Raritan. concerning Schureman's slanders against Revs. Du Bois and 
Boel. These ministers, however, deemed it best to postpone such action, because 
they understood that the feeling of dissatisfaction against Rev. Frelinghuysen was 
already very general, and that it would be better to await developments of 
Frelinghuysen' s action, in reference to Schureman; for they still cherished the 
hope of friendly redress. 

During the summer the Rev. Du Bois had a conference with Rev. Frelinghuysen 
about these matters, and was answered that Schureman denied them. When 
Du Bois urged in reply the testimony of both Domine Boel and his brother, and 
asked whether Schureman was an infallible apostle. Rev. Frelinghuysen replied. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2310 

" I have never found Schureman in a falsehood," and so he departed. About 
September he was again approached by Revs. Du Bois and Antonides, with lawyer 
Boel, (Rev. Boel was away from home at the time), for the purpose of bringing 
Schureman to his senses. But Rev. Frelinghuysen insisted on his former lan- 
guage about Schureman. Revs. Du Bois and Antonides now remarked that in 
acting thus, he ruptured fraternal relations. Frelinghuysen remained silent, and 

In the meantime Frelinghuysen himself, but especially through the agency of 
Schureman, continued his strange practices among us (on the Raritan.) He 
severely condemned other pastors and their services, and thus continued to excite 
restlessness in the church of New York. The Consistory partly provided against 
this, by exhorting the pastors to greater watchfulness. They also gave ecclesi- 
astical advice to us whenever we made complaints. For the Consistory of Rev. 
Frelinghuysen was simply put out of all countenance (overbluft) by him, and 
because of his threats, absented themselves from the Communion; and so he alone 
played the master, under the pretense of enlightenment superior to theirs. But 
the ecclesiastical custom is, that in such circumstances there should be consulta- 
tion with neighboring ministers. 

And Domine Frelinghuysen. with the help of Schureman. continued on in his 
old way. We now learned from a published writing, that Rev. Freeman of Long 
Island, and Rev. Guilliam Bartholf of Hackensack, had had a conference on June 
14, 1721, with Revs. Du Bois and Boel, and the latter's brother, in the presence 
of Messrs. John Cruger and Oliver Teller, as witnesses. This was the day before 
Frelinghuysen signed his (first book of) sermons, with the approval of these two 
ministers, which occurred on June 15, 1721.* 

Rev. Bartholf acknowledged that, in the preceding year, he had, in the presence 
of Antonides, admonished Frelinghuysen to refrain from his strange practices in 
his services at Raritan. Subsequently, we were also informed, that Bartholf had 
declared that Frelinghuysen ought to know, that the Raritan Church was very 
feeble in spiritual knowledge; and that there was danger, by his harsh treatment, 
of making them into Quakers, or theists, or suicides, or Pharisees: into Quakers, 
because of his demanding of them so much " to pray from the spirit," and of 
" special illumination;" or, into atheists, because of his threats of hell and dam- 
nation, as if there were no heaven (for them), and also no God (to save them); or 
into suicides, because before regeneration, he demanded " Despair ", which is the 
path to suicide; or into Pharisees, because he demanded that they should declare 
whether they were regenerated, (or not,) thus causing men to depend not on God, 
but on their own Judgement of themselves. 

And also Rev. Freeman said, among other things: that he did not know what 
anyone could have against Rev. Frelinghuysen: that some, indeed had complained 
of his harsh dealings, but Frelinghuysen had satisfied him (in reference to these 
things); that he (Frelinghuysen) had continued to defend Schureman, and wished 
him to persevere in the same course of conduct as before: bur Rev. Frecmin had 
nothing to do with Schureman, but he spoke as a minister ought to speak in 
behalf of another minister; yet he suggested that Frelinghuysen should be allowed 
again to preach in New York: for when he had done this a few times, the people 
would soon tire of him; for he knew what the preaching was, of the ministers 
there; and that, in comparison, the preaching of Frelinghuysen would be only like 
pancakes (pannekocken), from which men soon turn away in disgust. This remark, 
however, was left out of the publication for Freeman's sake; bitt he afterward 
declared that it should have been inserted. 

Before the arrival of Messrs. Cruger and Teller, Rev, Bartholf related, that 
only the day before, he had rebuked Rev. Frelinghuysen, because he sustained 
Schureman in such insults concerning the religious services of Revs. Du Bois and 


* This book consisted of only three sermons. They were recommended by Revs. 
Freeman and Bartholf. These, with others were translated and reprinted, 1856, 
In one volume. See pages 23, 24. 


2320 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Boel, and had thus caused a rupture of fraternal relations. He had also shown 
that he was in agreement with Schureman in his antagonism to those ministers. 
But Rev. Frelinghuysen maintained that he did no wrong in so doing. This exhib- 
ited his continued inflexibility (onversetlykheyd) in behalf of Schureman. although 
the ordinances of the Reformed Church, and the plighted faith of all upright 
ministers, obliged to watchfulness against such evils. — We also found him in per- 
fect agreement with Schureman in our congregations, so that the services of other 
teachers were despised. 

In consequence of these publicly sustained wrongs and slanders, the Consistory 
of New York on August 17, 1721, informed the Great Consistory of that Church of 
all that had occurred up to date, with their precautions against the same, as well 
as of the conversations with Revs. Freeman and Bartholf. This Great Consistory 
consists of all those who have previously been Elders, Deacons or Church-Masters. 
They approved of everything that had been done, and thanked the Ruling Con- 
sistory, and especially the ministers, for their zeal. They also exhorted them to 
increased watchfulness, and to help the anxious ones (bekommerden) at Raritan. 
They also promised to defend their ministers publicly. 

When all this came to our ears as a public affair, we felt strengthened in the 
hope of having their much needed help in our good cause, as well as the general 
benefit which would accrue to God's Church. But in the meantime, to our great 
sorrow, we saw in print, the approval of Rev. Prelinghuysen's sermons, notwith- 
standing his persistency with Schureman, in their former course, and in their 
constant association together with the use of the same phraseology, and their living 
together in the same house. 

Several times we invited Frelinghuysen and members of his Consistory to con- 
fer with us, about our differences, in the presence of neighboring ministers; and 
although we were in the right, this was scoflSngly refused. Having discovered, 
therefore, that notwithstanding all our patience, no relief nor assistance could be 
obtained from the Consistory, but that matters only became continually worse, 
we learned that, according to the Rules of the Church, our only help was with the 
neighboring pastors. Therefore, about the year 1723, we took our complaints to 
New York, and asked for help from Revs. Du Bois and Boel, according to the 
Rules of the Church. They, together with Antonides, promised, in all good faith, 
to help us; but in reference to Rev. Freeman, although he had been our corre- 
spondent in the Call, (Beroep-Brief), matters took the shape which the sequel 
will show. For after consultation with him, he placed in the hands of Freling- 
huysen a written statement against us. Frelinghuysen voluntarily gave us a copy 
of this document. A careful perusal of this statement, and of our remarks upon 
the same, will disclose the fact that Freeman sustained Frelinghuysen, and was 
against us and our correspondence. It is as follows: 

(Rev. Freeman's account of a visit of some of the members of Freiinghuysen's 
Church, to him, making charges against their Pastor; on March 12, 1723.) 

Copy of Rev. Freeman's writing against us. 

1. On the 12th of March, 1723, at Midwout, (Flatbush,) Messrs. Pieter Dumon. 
Simon Wyckoff and Hendrick Vroom, residents of Raritan and belonging to the 
Dutch Reformed Congregation there, came to my house and told me that their 
object was to lay against their pastor. Rev. Frelinghuysen, the charge that he did 
not teach correct doctrine. I said to them. Brethren, be careful that you do not 
unjustly accuse your pastor, for he is abundantly certified by the Synod of Emder- 
land, as also by the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, which declared him to be orthodox, 
and sent him to you. 

2. Dumon replied to thiS' that he had taught at Raritan that there was no one 
in the congregation that had exhibited true sorrow for sin; at another time that 
they had eaten judgement to themselves at the Lord's table; and at another again, 
that they were still unrenewed. Also that he had refused to baptize a child. 

OF THE State of ^ew Yoek. 2^2 1. 

3. I answered, That is not heresy, nor soul-destroying doctrine. You separate 
his utterances from their foundations, the text from the context. If you come 
indeed to accuse him of errors in the fundamentals of the faith, you are under 
obligation to furnish the proof. 

4. Simon Wyckoff asked. What are the fundamentals of the faith. To this I 
replied. Do you not know? How then can you so boldly accuse your pastor? 

5. The principal doctrines of the faith are: There is one God, Father, Son and 
Holy Spirit, one divine being in three persons; who made the world out of nothing 
and supports it. He created man. Man has sinned. Through grace, God delivers 
man, by his Son. The Son of God is both divine and human. His offices, his 
sufferings, his resurrection, his glorification, (are fundamentals.) He will come 
again for judgement. God has his church on earth. There are two sacraments. 
The remission of sins is proclaimed in the church. The dead shall rise. There is 
an eternal life. These are fundamentals of the faith. 

6. Well, said Peter Dumon, although we could not prove anything against him 
in reference to these points, yet we could show him to be untrue; and such a man 
is a teacher of false doctrine. 

I replied, Mr. Dumon, now do I perceive that you are all affected by the spirit 
of hatred and revenge. Because he sharply exposes sin, you try to help the devil, 
and to cause the devil to trample upon the Church of Christ. Even your Infer- 
ence is not correct. David said in his haste. All men are liars. Did the prophet 
Samuel or others, who had their imperfections, teach false doctrine? Hendrick 
Vroom related, that Rev. Frilinghuysen had performed pastoral visitations, but 
he not being at home, the minister had not asked for his wife, who is a member, 
and so on. I answered, These are circumstances of the kind of which you adduce 
many. I also said, These are faults, but not false doctrines. I remarked: Simon 
Wyckoff, if any one in your house, should strike your son on the head, or rebuke 
him for some misconduct, he should receive this in love, and interpret it In the 
best manner. Even so should you love your spiritual father, who earnestly 
reproves you, and accepting it in love, apply it to your improvement. 

7. But Simon WyckoCf said, Domine Freeman, we desire you to advise us what 
is proper for us to do in this affair. I replied, I can advise you if you are disposed 
for peace. Simon Wyckofif and Hendrick Vroom said. Yes, we are for peace; but 
Dumon answered. There is no peace in his teaching false doctrine. I replied, If 
you can prove that he teaches soul-destroying errors, there certainly is no peace 
in that, and I will join you in opposing him. We (will) have it in writing and 
signed. I said, all that you have brought forward so far are only circumstances. 
Hear what the advice is that I give you. Draw up in writing a list of your 
grievances; subscribe it with your own hand, and give it to your Consistory. 
They, and they only, are obliged, according to their ofBce, to give heed to the 
doctrine of their pastor, and also to the doctrine and conduct of the congregation. 
If you should do differently, and come to New York, or to this place, you and all 
who join with you, will be regarded by all honest people, as creators of schism 
in your church at Raritan. They replied. But the elders will not listen to us. I 
said to them. They must listen to your complaint in accordance with their office. 
Suppose there were members here, in our congregation, who had a grievance 
against their pastor, would they go to New York or to Raritan, to offer their com- 
plaints? No; every church has Its own Consistory. Wyckofif replied, Every min- 
ister gives his own kind of advice. 

8. Simon Wyckoff asked. Would you convoke all the ministers, and summon 
Rev. Frellnghuysen and us? I replied, I will think of it. Why? they asked. I 
answered, Because Rev. Frellnghuysen would not come, but you must appear 
before his Consistory, and there dispose of the affair. Simon Wyckoff said, Well, 
If Rev. Frellnghuysen should not come, you can easily pass judgement upon omr 
grievances. I said, not if he has had no hearing; for this would be against the 
Order of the Church; for the Rev. Frellnghuysen was certainly examined and 


2322 Ecclesiastical Records 

qualified by the Classis of Amsterdam, the members of which are his proper 
judges. Therefore I will have nothing to do with you except for the establishment 
of peace; and that you follow the advice, to appear with your complaints before 
your Consistory; and that you receive a written answer, by which it shall be 
shown whether your pastor teaches true or false doctrine. 

Mr. Frelinghuysen requested me to give him a written account of the statements 
made by the above mentioned members, in reference to his office. I certify, as 
appears from my signature, that the above occurred. 

Slgnod. B. Freeman. 

Date as above. 

Done at Midwout. 

Our Remarlis on this Writing of Freeman, concerning our Conversation. 

In the first place, Peter Dumont, Simon Wyckoff and Hendrick Vroom, deny 
that Peter Dumont w^as the first to reply to Freeman, as Freeman avers in his 
Statement; for Simon Wyckoff and Hendrick Vroom had long been in conversa- 
tion with Rev. Freeman before Dumont spoke a single word, as the sequel will 

They aver that as soon as Wyckoff begun his complaints against Rev. Freling- 
huysen, to Rev. Freeman, that the latter said, " I always thought that it would 
end in this way. Had Frelinghuysen never brought that ass, (ezel), Schureman, 
with him, matters would never have come to this, neither would there have been 
any trouble nor quarreling." 

The conversation with Rev. Freeman began thus: Wyckoff asked Freeman for 
advice in the matter between them and Rev. Frelinghuysen. Freeman answered — 
About what matter? Wyckoff replied: that Frelinghuysen had gone astray from 
the true Reformed Doctrine. Thereupon Freeman replied, that we should state 
some of the points. Wyckoff replied, that Frelinghuysen had said in his preach- 
ing, that of six or seven members, who had come to the Table of the Lord, there 
were some who had eaten judgement to themselves, and had drunk to their dam- 
nation. (And he asked) Now could a minister know this? Freeman answered. 
No! Wyckoff also said that he had not made a wise choice of a Consistory; that 
grievous charges had been made against Hendrick Fisher; but Rev. Frelinghuysen, 
nevertheless, would install him in the office. It was asked. Whether he had a 
right to do this? Rev. Freeman answered: If there were lawful objections 
against him. he could not serve in the Consistory. Wyckoff replied: That it 
had been made clear to him, that he could not serve; but Frelinghuysen said that 
he could serve. Wyckoff also added, that he had forbidden certain members to 
come to the Table of the Lord, without cause. (It was asked) Whether he had 
a right to do so? Freeman answered: Not without sufficient reasons. — Freeman 
then said, in opposition to Wyckoff, that these were mere incidents, and have 
nothing to do with the fundamentals of our doctrine. Thereupon, Vroom spoke 
out: (and not Wyckoff, as Freeman writes; even as also it was wrong, that this 
question should have been attributed to ignorance as the following will show; 
and therefore Freeman could not have said to them. How could you so boldly 
accuse your minister?) — Thereupon Vroom spoke out: Domine, tell us what the 
Fundamentals of our Doctrine are. (This differs very much from that which 
Freeman wrote, as if the question had been asked from ignorance). Freeman then 
mentioned some points of doctrine, and said that they were the fundamentals. 
Then said Vroom: "I heard Frelinghuysen say from the pulpit — "Only a few 
have come to the Lord's Table. I wish that all had been there. Yet I have no 
reason to think otherwise than that ignorant people were there. What think you, 
O hearers, as to those who have been there? (and do not come again?) Is this 
right? I say it is not. But I do say, that they who have formerly come to the 
Table of the Lord, and do not now dare to appear, that they did then eat and 
drink to their own condemnation." Now I think, said Vroom, that he could not 
be sure of this. He certainly could not, answered Freeman. 

After Wyckoff had related to Rev. Freeman, several such instances of ill treat- 
ment (mishandelen) in connection with the Supper, and also of Improprieties 

OF THE State of ^N'ew York. 2323 

(ongerymtheyd) at the election (of officers), which had occurred; as well as the 
slight (disorder) in a case of pastoral visitation: Rev, Freeman replied: But 
these are not Fundamentals of Doctrine, but only incidents. Then Vroom asked 
Rev. Freeman his opinion in regard to that which Frelinghuysen had uttered from 
the pulpft, which has already been mentioned, and gave several other examples 
of Frelinghuysen's practices. To this, Freeman answered, that all these were 
mere incidents, and did not appertain to the Fundamentals of our Faith. 

Then — and not at the beginning as Freeman writes, but after all the above 
had taken place — Dumont asked Rev. Freeman if he would be willing to answer 
him one question. To which Freeman responded Yes. Dumont then asked, When 
the visible symbols of the Reformed Doctrine were profaned, whether such a cir- 
cumstance pertained to the Fundamentals of our Doctrine? To this Freeman 
answered. Yes — according to the best of their recollection. Dumont then said — 
But this concerns the Supper, of which Wyckoff has already told you; how that 
Frelinghuysen, after he had administered the Supper, spoke from the pulpit, as 
Is above narrated. 

And furthermore, in regard to the third matter, (Kenteeken): I will inform 
you, said Dumont, how the acts of Church Discipline are managed. One Cornelius 
Vanden Berg was publicly cited to appear before two different Consistories of two 
congregations of the Raritan District, In order personally to answer; and this 
without any private admonition before two or three witnesses, (as Is required,) 
because he had made hay on the Lord's day, when there was an appearance of 
rain. For this he was suspended from the Supper, and as much as placed under 
the excommunication. 

But, on the other hand, Schureman, who was denounced before the Consistory 
of Frelinghuysen, because he, when at his best (op syn best — at the height of 
popularity?) had practised immorality, (as was charged), and the matter was told 
before Frelinghuysen, he only said. Friends, what shall we do? we must pray 
for him; and he even gave him of the Supper. Y'ou can therefore judge, Mr. 
Freeeman, of the manner in which Rev. Frelinghuysen administered Church Dis- 
cipline. It seems as if the keys of the Church had been lying for a century in 
the middle of the ocean, and had become so rusty, that they could no longer be 
fitted In the lock. To all this. Rev. Freeman answered — These are yet only 
incidents, and not Fundamentals of our Faith. He also added. What will you 
do with Frelinghuysen? You cannot depose him, nor even suspend him. 

(Freeman continued:) There was once a certain man In Holland, by the name 
of Bekker, who preached — There is no devil! This made a great uproar in the 
Church. Thereupon a Church-Council (Kerken-Raad) was called, composed at the 
least of sixty ministers, which was called a Classis. Yet these could find no means 
of deposing him on that account; but they placed him under censure, and forbad 
him to preach for six weeks. But when this time had passed, he again ascended 
the pulpit, and still preached — There is no devil! Then a great portion of his 
congregation rose up, and made complaint against him. The Classis was again 
convened, and he was now forbidden to preach at all. But then he put it in 
print — There is no devil! and it was printed in Dutch. But had he published it 
in Latin, then they would not have turned him out of his place; but because it 
was printed in Dutch, the matter could not be hushed up. 

Is that so, said Dumont? then is the condition of our Church sad indeed! For, 
as I understand you to say, had that publication been In the Latin language, the 
ministers, who ought to keep evil out of the Church, would have remained silent 
on the subject. The condition of our Reformed Church Is sad Indeed, when the 
service of religion has become a matter of trade. 

Rev. Freeman further said that there were some who asserted that Rev. Fre- 
linghuysen taught false doctrine. Thereupon Dumont replied, that he had heard 
him tell a lie from the pulpit. Therefore he was the man who said it. For, con- 
tinued Dumont, what is a lie, that is false (doctrine?) For I have heard him 



2324 Ecclesiastical Records 

inquire from tlie pulpit, wlietlier tliere was one out of them all who had ever truly- 
repented of his sins. And he repeated it — I asli you again, whether there is one 
of you, out of all, who has ever truly repented of his sins. And I must answer — 
No, said Frelinghuysen. 

Thus again it appears that Freeman's statement is incorrect concerning Dumont; 
and that he concealed the fact that Dumont had proved that Frelinghuysen had 
spoken a lie from the pulpit, and had quoted Dumont's words only in part. 
Neither did Rev. Freeman ask anything like that, which he writes, he said to 
them — Do you want to help the devil? nor did he mention the prophet Samuel 
at all. On the contrary. Freeman did not address a single harsh word to them, 
but treated them with all friendliness and civility. However, more than once he 
said to them — Be careful what you do. Be sure your testimony, in that which 
you charge against Rev. Frelinghuysen. If he is in the wrong, I myself will 
attack him with both hands. But you must operate through his Consistory. 

Wyckoff then repeated the question which he had asked in the beginning — 
what they had better do in this business. Freeman answered, I can help you if 
you are for peace. Wyckoff and Vroom answered. We are for peace; but Dumont 
said. There is no peace in this business. For either you (Freeman) teach false 
doctrine, or else Frelinghuysen does. For Aart Aartsen had told him only last 
Monday, that he had heard Jan Woertman's son say to his father, that he had 
brought him up in false doctrine; for he had made his confession before Freeman; 
and he (Freeman) had caused him to eat and drink judgement to himself. Yet 
such men Frelinghuysen keeps for his pupils. Therefore, either you — Freeman, 
teach false doctrine, or otherwise Frelinghuysen does. 

When Rev. Freeman said, that we must exhibit in writing, the soul-destroying 
doctrine of Frelinghuysen; Wyckoff answered — We have it in writing, and signed, 
and I have the document in my pocket. But Rev. Freeman did not even request 
to see it. In his account (of the interview) he also makes a misstep, as he con- 
tinues: " I said, all that you have brought forward so far, are only incidents:"^ 
for these words are not logical sequence of what precedes. Vroom now added, 
Why do you direct us to the Consistory (of Raritan)? for they only play with us, 
etc. See this more fully pp. 105, 106, 142. What follows in Rev, Freeman's 
paper, up to the reference to the Classis of Amsterdam, occurred as stated. 

This, as above presented, according to our best recollection, is what occurred 
at our interview with Rev. Freeman at his house at Flatbush; and not that which 
he (Freeman) represented, and which he wrote to Rev, Frelinghuysen. 

Now we present this matter to the judgement of all truth loving people, (and 
ask them) whether in this Statement of Rev, Freeman, it does not plainly shine 
forth — 

1. How he (Freeman) in 1723, (March 12) acknowledges Rev, Frelinghuysen as 
orthodox (in paragraphs 1, 2); and says (in paragraph 6) that he (Frelinghuysen) 
sharply reproves sin, and calls him our spiritual father, etc, when he (Freeman) 
had already been informed of his many errors; and had actually, in the latter part 
of 1722, condemned Schureman, and with him, necessarily also, Frelinghuysen, (See 
pages of Complaint 85, 86); while on the contrary, all our complaints are declared 
to be false, or mere incidents. He also accuses us (paragraph 6) of being affected 
with a spirit of hatred and revenge, and of seeking to help the devil and trample 
on the Church of Christ, 

2, That his advice — first, that we should take our grievances to the Consistory 
of Rev. Frelinghuysen; and secondly, that we must receive from them a written 
answer, in which it would appear whether he teaches true or false opinions — was 
wrong. For it was already well-known to him, that the said Consistories were our 
decided opponents; and because their letters of citation (to us) suflaciently show 
what kind of answer we would have received to our complaints, 

8, That he stigmatizes us, and all who aid us in our efforts against the unortho- 
doxy of Rev. Frelinghuysen (paragraph 7) as schismatics; saying that all honorable 
persons would regard us as such; and this, because we apply not to our opponents, 
but to orthodox gentlemen and sustainers of the Reformed Dutch Church. 

OF THE State of ]^ew York. 2325 

4. That he himself (Freeman) contradicted his own remarlc. (paragraph 7), 
' But I will also oppose him," (in paragraph 8). For he therein said, that tie 
would have nothing to do with us, unless we were for peace, or made application 
to our opponents. "Was this opposing Frelinghuysen, when his own unorthodoxy 
was on trial? Did not Mr. Dumont witness against him, with sufllcient force, 
when ne said that either Freeman or Frelinghuysen was a false teacher, because 
"Woertman's son, (see pages 28, 81-84 of printed Complaint), who is a pupil of 
Frelinghuysen, had accused Freeman of having caused him to eat and drink judge- 
ment to himself? 

In reference to Rev. Freeman's account concerning Bekker, mentioned in our 
Remarks, a statement should be made to this effect; that Rev. Freeman, in speak- 
ing of this matter as he did, did not remember that it is certified in " The Synodi- 
cal and Classical Notes and Resolutions " published in Holland, that Rev. Bekker 
testified that he does acknowledge the existence of a devil; and nothing is said 
of his writing in Dutch or Latin. But on this subject, which is foreign to our 
present purpose, we refrain from saying anything more. 

But now for a few more remarks: Subsequently to that statement of Rev. 
Freeman, dated March 12, 1723, the First Citation was served on us, (pages 1-4 of 
Printed Complaint), dated March 18, 1723, coming from Rev. Frelinghuysen's 
so-called Consistory. This agreed in all respects with Freeman's statement, and 
his name was also mentioned to us. Thereupon we returned a short written 
answer, (page 5), signed by many of us, which was given to them April 18. A 
second and third Citation to us followed (pages 6-12), in the month of May, with 
a copy of Rev. Freeman's Statement, and the so-called unanimous conclusion, 
(page 6.) 

Therefore, for the general maintenance of our cause, and in the name of all, 
our assembly authorized us four, namely, Peter Dumont, Simon Wyckoff, Hendrick 
Vroom and Daniel Sebring, to correspond with Revs. Du Bols, Antonides, Boel, 
and others, who might be pleased to help us, according to the Rules of the 
Church. And all this is undertaken in behalf of the pure Doctrine and Discipline 
of the true Reformed Dutch Church, as established by the Synod of Dort, and 
according to Dutch Church Ordinances. It was also unanimously resolved, that 
so far as the Citers personally were concerned, no further answers should be 
returned to them. 

We took this action also because of their remarkably erroneous course in those 
Letters of Citation. In these they endeavored to show that we, although standing 
for the true Church, did not belong to them. Also because the Citers themselves, 
under the signature of Rev. Frelinghuysen, declared the Rev. Classis of Amster- 
dam to be their competent judge, against us, the defendants; and having, there- 
fore, acknowledged themselves as our opponents, they cannot lawfully be our 
competent judges. We, therefore, ought not to appear before them, our acknowl- 
edged adversaries. 

For these reasons we resolved to defend ourselves publicly in print, and choose 
our own time to do this. And surely, in doing this, we ought not to be limited 
by those who cite us to appear before them, being our opponents. And we have 
taken this course that the world might see how they have gone to work against us. 

We have also done this, that we might deposit our Complaint (Klagte) especially 
in your bosom, O ye Reformed Dutch congregations of these two Provinces, who 
are our nearest sisters in the Lord; and that you might gain a true insight into 
our affairs, which we know you have earnestly desired for a long time; and also 
that you might understand that we, united with you in the same faith, and con- 
tending for it, are thus harshly judged by these letters of citation; and that our 
cause is equally your cause; and that we long for association with you in your 
spiritual welfare. Also that you might perceive that these Citers of us, whatever 
their pretences, are really outside of, yea, even against the Reformed Church. 
They are followers of John Labadie and James (Jacobus) Koelman, ^nd neither 

2326 Ecclesiastical Records 

you nor we, belong to them. Neither to us nor to you, nor to your ministers, is 
that appropriate, which follows from the dealings of these Citers and their ad- 
herents. Against them we righteously contend in behalf of pure Doctrine and 
Discipline, and for that which is right in behalf of rest and peace for Church and 

We have great confidence that your love for the Church will lead you to take 
pity on us, on account of the treatment we have received. " If one member 
suffers, all the members suffer with it," as says the Apostle in 1 Cor. 12 : 26, with 
reference to the divisions in the Church at Corinth. You will sympathize with, us 
in our efforts to secure the right, by all lawful means. 

In the year 1721, Rev. Frelinghuysen with the approbation of Revs. Bartholf and 
Freeman, issued a challenge (page 79 of this printed book.) Of this he and his 
adherents boast, in his Second Citation (page 8, No. 3,) as if no one dared to 
appear against him and confront him. Of the propriety of this, every one may 
judge by this answer, which we have caused to be prepared in our names. It 
also has the approval of Revs. Du Bois and Boel, Rev. Feter Vas of Esopus and 
Rev. Peter Van Driessen of Albany. Rev. Thomas Brouwer, of Schenectady did 
not visit New York during all this time, nor did we have the opportunity to confer 
with him. Rev. Cornelius Van Santwood. of Staten Island, has not expressed 
himself as being favorable to our good cause. 

In our defence, we follow, in the main, the order of the Letters of Citation. 
This we do, in accordance with the Word of God, and ecclesiastical and civil 
ordinances, and for other good reasons. We have included several documents, 
which at the time and since, have come to our hands, which serve to explain 
and confirm our cause, and we prove from the writings of the Citers themselves 
the good grounds of our complaints against them. 

We and those who are united with us, have calmly and deliberately signed these 
complaints, maintaining and showing thereby that we are actuated, not by par- 
tizanship, but by love of truth. All of this the reader may discover in our reply. 

And, that we were forced to Include Rev. Freeman, as a correspondent of Rev. 
Frelinghuysen and his adherents, among the opponents of ourselves and our cor- 
respondents, all lovers of truth may judge from the following: 

In the first place, because Rev. Freeman, by his approval, publicly and in print, 
of Rev. Frelinghuysen's sermons in the year 1721, proclaimed himself against us, 
by writing such things for Frelinghuysen. Hence he could not but produce upon 
the simple-minded an unfavorable impression in respect to all who differed from 
him in opinion; yet at the same time this is a witness against Frelinghuysen. 
This is remarkable, and will be shown further on — pages (In printed Complaint) 
64, 71. 72, 77-80. 

Secondly: The Citers also delivered to us a copy of the previously mentioned 
important Statement (Groot Schrift) of Rev. Freeman, (page 6,) with its many 
grievances against us. With this statement, the Citations agree so well that they 
seem to have been compiled therefrom. This fact also required that our reply 
should be made equally against Freeman; and especially so, because Freeman's 
statement describes everything concerning Frelinghuysen, as being only faults, 
incidents, and not false doctrine. Their true character must therefore be shown 
to the world for our vindication. Since Freeman wrote, indeed, that if Freling- 
huysen taught soul-destroying errors, he would join in opposition to him, It is 
necessary that we should give to Rev. Freeman proper inducements thereto, by a 
correct view of this whole business. 

Thirdly: Rev. Freeman, notwithstanding the said troubles, persisted in his 
correspondence with Frelinghuysen. To such an extent was this carried, that the 
Citers, in their first Citation to us and our Company, under the form of a regular 
ecclesiastical Act made distinct mention of Freeman (page 3) as a witness against 
us. Wherefore we were obliged to take notice of this circumstance in our reply. 

OF THE State of 'New Yoek. 2327 

And this behavior of Rev. Freeman appears the more strange to us, because he 
first, in the year 1720, exhorted the ministers in New Yorli and elsewhere to be 
on their guard against Frelinghuysen; (page 24). This led us into correspondence 
with those gentlemen. And now when we request him to join us in this corre- 
spondence, he not only refuses, but he also accuses us to Frelinghuysen, and 
declares our correspondence with these gentlemen to be dishonorable, because we 
carry it on without him. But this only shows the reasonableness of our corre- 
spondence against him, as well as against the Citers. 

In addition to this it seems strange to us that Rev. Freeman in 1721, having 
declared in the presence of Revs. Du Bois, Bartholf, Boel, and (lawyer Boel) his 
brother, and Messrs. John Cruger and Olivier Teller, that " he would not trouble 
himself about this affair any more; and requested that in case there should be a 
Convention of Ministers in regard to it. he might be considered as out of it, and 
that the ministers would excuse him; and if they should issue anything in print, 
that Rev. Freeman's name should not be mentioned:" (having done all this) he, 
nevertheless, publicly presented his own name, both in writing and in print, ia 
behalf of Rev. Frelinghuysen, and therefore in opposition to us. 

Therefore, in our own self defence, we were compelled to speak of him by 
name; and especially, since in this very year, 1725, persisting in his intimacy with 
Frelinghuysen, allowed him on the 6th of May, to occupy his pulpit in Bushwycls. 

This draught of ours appears, indeed, later than we had intended; but we hope 
that every one who judges this matter deliberately, will not take this amiss. For 
we desire to have all things in proper form. Therefore at the friendly instance 
of Revs. Du Bois and Antonides, and not because of any threats from more influ- 
ential sources, as was rumored at Raritan. Rev. Boel was prompted in the year 
1723, after the letters of Citation, to consult with us concerning our grievances, 
and also collect documentary evidence (getuyg-schriften.) This required much 
time, as did also the correspondence with Revs. Vas (of Kingston), Van Driessen, 
(of Albany) etc., for the elucidation of many matters. 

Many other items of business pertaining to the church prevented the uninter- 
rupted progress of our defence (verantwoording — justification), for which we were 
also ever finding new material. And with the lapse of time, the inflexibility of 
Rev. Frelinghuysen and his adherents, in their wicked courses, also revealed itself 
more plainly; but thus, again, did our publication, in opposition, seem increasingly 
reasonable; although his and their boasts in the Letters of Citation (pages 3 and 
12), In the Preface of his Sermon, (page 79 in this book), and in his Report, which 
precedes the second document against Rev. (Joseph) Morgan (page 131 in this book), 
exhibit a feeling of PERFECT SECURITY in their opposition to us, and of open 
defiance. And thus have they continued to the end. 

Even on the back of his sleight the words may be read, (how pious they are, 
see page 103), that No one shall make him other than he is. — And these are 
repeated again in his Report, before preceding that second document against Rev. 
(Joseph) Morgan (of Monmouth), in the latter part of the year 1724. (See page 
131.) Thus again has time confirmed (the saying), " Those who are often obsti- 
nately defied and abused, and who bear it patiently, will be allowed publicly to 
defend themselves." And our assertion, made in different parts of our reply, 
that we in no way belong to Rev. Frelinghuysen and his adherents, but to the 
Reformed Dutch Church, has been confirmed, two years after the issuing of the 
Letters of Citation, by their obstinancy. 

The words uttered by Rev. Du Bois, at a Convention held June 14, 1721, 
" Cherries do not ripen in winter," relating to the publication of something in 
behalf of our good cause has been often ridiculed, as if nothing would come of it. 
Rev. Du Bois only intended to convey the idea that we should proceed with 
deliberation, and take our own time in the business. 

And in regard to their pretence, that Rev. Frelinghuysen could not secure a 
conference with the other ministers, (as exhibited above in his groundless state- 



2328 Ecclesiastical Records 

iiieut) — it is evident that, after he had publicly appeared against us and the 
orthodox ministers, in writing, and even with certain Ecclesiastical Acts, so called, 
no conference was possible, but the matter had to be dealt with publicly. It was 
also too late for such a conference. Rev. Boel, in 1723, after the issue of the 
Citations, was at Raritan; and then when Rev. Frelinghuysen proposed, through 
certain members of his Consistory, to have a special conference, he was rightly 
refused, after such public libels, and public evidences of his unorthodoxy; even as 
long before this, Frelinghuysen himself had refused the hand to us, (see pages 
22, 50.) Since he himself has brought this business before the world, to the public 
scandal of God's Church, a public answer became necessary. As to these libels, 
we reply, in this our Communication, prepared in an ecclesiastical manner. It Is 
also the first from us concerning this church-business. It is issued in the hope of 
bringing the Citers to repentance for their frightful libels against us, and against 
the ministers of this land; and that it may also be of benefit to the simple-minded, 
against such scandals. 

In the meantime, we and our company await the results wlych God's grace may 
be pleased to work in the hearts of our opponents, to give us satisfaction. And 
they must understand that we and our company, shall maintain our rights, if 
necessary, in an earthly court of justice, as a defence against their infamous 
utterances against us. Thus we will vindicate ourselves before the Church of God, 
and preserve our good name before the civil government. And Inasmuch as the 
libeled gentlemen, the ministers and others, will appear against our opponents, 
the Citers may understand that these also shall likewise be supported in their 

May God grant the desire of our hearts and the fervent yearnings of our asso- 
ciates, for the speedy restoration among us of His holy service, according to the 
pure doctrine and discipline of the true Reformed Dutch Church, as established 
by the Synod of Dort, and in accordance with the other church ordinances in 

As the Authorized Committee of many well-meaning persons, we sign our names 

Peter Du Mont, 
Simon Wyckof, 
Hendrick Vroom, 
Daniel Sebrlng, 

List of the Signers (to the Complaint against Frelinghuysen) throughout the 
entire Raritan District. 

Peter Du Mont — One of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace; Director of the 
Funds for the Public Poor in Somerset County; Ex-elder In 
Raritan proper (now Somerville, N. J.) 

Simon Wyckof — Ex-elder of the Congregation at Six Mile Run. 

Hendrik Vroom — Ex-elder at Three Mile Run. 

Daniel Sebring — Ruling Church-Master at North Branch Readington). 

The above are the Authorized Committee (Gevolmagtigden) of the following 
Signers : 

Hendrik Emans. 
Nicholaas Heyt. 
Jan Van Sickelen. 
Fredrik van Leeuwen. 
Jacobus Bennet, Sr. 
Jacobus Bennet, Jr. 
Pieter Hof. 
Jacob Probasco. 
Widow of Johannes Coevers. 
Christofifel Hoogland. 

Cornelis Teunnisen. 

Jan Teunissen. 


Jan Hendriksen. 

in one of 

Jan Brocks, 

the Raritan 

Pieter Kiune. 


Jeronimus Van Nest. 

Aart Aarssen. 

Albert Low 


OF THE State of ^ew York. 


Adrian Lane, one of his 
Majesty's Justices of 
the Peace. 

Lucas Schermerhoren. 

Coert Ja 

Ruling Church- 
Masters at North 
Branch (Readington). 

Adriaan Hageman Ex Church-Master. 

Jan Vliet, Sr. 
Hendrik Janssen. 

Formerly Elders 
on Long Island. 

Members, or non-members (at the time). 

Ary Molenaar. 

Ary Boerew. 

Jacob Buys. 

Jan Woertman. 

Adriaan Ten Eyclv. 

Thomas Bort. 

Abraham Gray. 

John Piffenser. 

Andries Andriessen. 

Michiel Moor, 

Adolp Hardenbroeli. 

Pieter Bodyn. 

Teunis van Middelswaart Cornelissoon. 

Cornelius Teunissen van Middesvs^aart, Jr. 

Gideon Marlet. 

Burgon Coevers. 

Gysbert Lane. 

Abraham Selover. 

William van Duyn. 

Gysbert Krom. 

William Krom. 

Abraham Le Foy. 

Hannes Specter. 

Frans Waldron. 

Nicholaas Hayman. 

Cors Vroom. 

Joost Schamp. 

Jacobus Stryker, 

Sarah Brinkerhoff, widow of 

Jacob Rapalje. 
Leendert Smak. 
George Anderson. 

Denys van Duyn. 
Hendrik Smak. 
Cornells de Hart. 
Isaak Bennet. 
Adriaan Bennet. 

Hendrik Traphagen, his 

widow signing in his place. 
Daniel in de Voor. 
David Marines. 
Christoffel Beekman, his 

widow signing in his place. 

Michael van Vechten voluntarily gave us his written testimony for us to use as 
we may think proper. (Pages 107, 108.) He is also one of his Majesty's Justices 
of the Peace at Raritan, and gave a piece of land for the erection of a church edi- 
fice, to be devoted only for the support of the pure doctrine and discipline. There 
are also yet others among us, opposed to Rev. Frelinghuysen, although they have 
not signed their names. 

That the testimony and the written statements might be faithfully exhibited, 
they are given word for word, and each in its own peculiar style. The errors in 
them are not to be charged to the printer. This applies especially to the letter 
of Peter Wortman. (Pages 81-84.) 

All errors in punctuation, spelling, and the use of capital letters, the indulgent 
reader will please excuse, as the printers (Bradford and Zenger) are not familiar 
with the Dutch language. 

[A list of errata is here given for the Dutch edition.] 

That which ought to have been inserted here and there in our reply to the 
Citers, is appended at the close of the volume. 


2330 Ecclesiastical Records 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Reinhard Erickzon Called. 

1725, Sept. 3rd. Rev. Hermanns van AVall, Johannes Junius 
and Henrikus Vos, having been authorized by the Consistory of 
the Reformed Church of I^ew Barbadoes (Hackensack,) Schralen- 
berg and Parames, situated in New Jersey, and bordering on 
New York, in America, to call a minister for that church, (they) 
have called. Rev. Reinhard Erickzon, S. S. Ministerii Candidatus, 
who had excellent testimonials. They handed in proper instru- 
ments of said call to the Rev. Assembly, with the request that it 
would be pleased to recognize them as such, and to approve the 
call which they had made. The Classis having read these papers 
and found them satisfactory, approved said call, upon the decla- 
ration of Rev. Reinhard Erickzon, that he accepted the same in 
the fear of God. Whereupon he was admitted to the final ex- 
amination, after that he had treated a certain text, Ps. 2 : 12, 
"Kiss the Son, lest he be angry and ye perish from the way, 
when his wrath is kindled but a little; blessed are all they that 
put their trust in Him " : which was given him by the Rev. Ex- 
aminer. Therein he gave so much satisfaction to the entire 
Assembly, that it made not the least objection to ordaining him 
to the Sacred Ministry by the laying on of hands, which was 
done. X. 240. 

About New York. 

1725, Sept. 3rd. Printed booklets (pamphlets) were brought 
before the Assembly about the disputes and dissensions in the 
congregation of Raritans, etc., whereof a copy was given to each 
of the members present. The Assembly requested the Deputati 
ad res Exteras to make a report in reference to their contents at 
the next ensuing Classis. x. 241. [These were copies of the 
"Complaint against Erelinghuysen."] 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 2331 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Call and Approval of Eev. Henricus Coens to Hakkingsack, etc. 
(Rather, Aquackononck). 

1725, Sept. 4th. Meeting of Deputies on Colonial Affairs. 
Yesterday, September 3, Rev. Van de Wall, as a committee, 
with Revs, van Staveren and J. Yander Hagen, for the consist- 
ories of Hakkingsack (Aquackonnonck?)* Klein (Second) River 
and the ^orth, (Pompton Plains and Ponds) in 'New Jersey, 
handed in an instrument of a call made upon Rev. Henricus Coens, 
Proponent. This was approved by the Rev. Classis, and the 
called one was admitted to examination. Having given satisfac- 
tion in this, he was ordained to the Sacred Ministry by the laying 
on of hands, xxii. 81. 

Call and Approval of Rev. Reinhart Ericson^ to New 
Barbadoes ( Hackexsack) . 

1Y25, Sept. 4th. At the same time the said Rev. Yande-Wal, 
as a committee, with Revs. Yan Staveren, Junius and Yos, for 
the consistories of jN'ew Barbadoes (Hackensack) Schraalenberg 
and Paramus, in New Jersey, handed in a call made on Reinhard 
Ericson. Proponent. This call was approved by the Rev. Classis, 
and the called one admitted to examination. Having given satis- 
faction in this, he was ordained to the Sacred Ministry with the 
laying on of hands, xxii. 81. 

* The clerk of the Classis of Amsterdam has here evidently made a slip of the 
pen, in writing Hackensack for Aquackononck, and Klein River for Second River. 

2332 Ecclesiastical Records 

Rev. Johx Jacob Ehe (Ehle. Oehl), to the Society for 
Peopagatixg the Gospel. 

'No. 89. October 5, 1Y25. 


I received yours, dated London, Jan. 20tlij 172-1/5, and return 
my humble thanks to his Lordship, Bishop of London, for com- 
municating my letter to the Society, and likewise my humble 
thanks to the Society for taking my present necessity into their 
serious consideration, as to allow me a gratuity; to me, who am 
a poor minister of the Gospel, and would not have been trouble- 
some, did not my present necessity speak in my behalf; and like- 
wise my humble thanks to your much esteemed person for all 
services done on my behalf. Sir, when the gift comes into your 
hands be pleased to pay it into the hands of Mr. Samuel Baker, 
Merchant in London. His excellency our Governor will take 
care to send over my certificates. 

I have nothing further at this time to offer, but my prayers 
that God would be pleased to succeed with his blessing all your 
pious endeavors to the promoting of his glory in the dark cor- 
ners of the earth, concluding myself as in duty bound your most 
humble, and most obedient servant, 

Johannes Jacobus Ehe, [Ehle or Oehl] Minister. 
Schohare, Oct. 5th, 1725. 

Acts oe the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Report of Deputati ad res Exteras 
on the Churches of Raritan. 

1725, Oct. The Deputies ad res Exteras made a report 

on the booklet entitled, '' Complaint of certain members of the 
Xetherland Reformed Church of Raritans," etc., and read there- 
from of the action of the Rev. Frilinghuysen and his Consistory 
against said members. Many points of accusation were also made 

OF THE State of New York. 2333 


against the officers, and especially against the Rev. Frelinghnisen. 
The Deputies added thereto a report (pre-advice) to this effect, 
that no one could be condemned unheard. Accordingly it seemed 
only just to write to the Rev. Frilinghuysen and his Consistory 
to give them opportunity to defend themselves against these ac- 
cusations. The Classis changes this report (pre-advice) into a 
Classical resolution, and leaves the execution thereof, and the 
means of performing the same, to the committee, l^otice shall 
also be given of this resolution to the complaining members. 
X. 244, 245. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Extract from a letter from the Raritan " Complainants ". No- 
vember 2, 1725. xxii. 114. Also in Portfolio " iSTew York", 
Vol. i. 

Extract from the letter of the excommunicated at Raritan, dated 
November 2, 1725. 

1. It expresses an apology for sending over their published 
"Complaint", (Klagte), without a letter. This happened by 
reason of the sudden departure of the ship. 

2. It also contains an account of what has taken place since 
the publication of their " Complaint " ; such as that certain parties 
deny that anybody has been placed under the ban by Rev. Eriling- 
huysen and his Consistory. They also say that Captain Jacob 
Goelet and his father have expressed themselves in opposition to 
what is said on page 54, (of the '* Complaint ") as if there were 
some falsehoods there, and their statements had no force. 

3. They relate that they locked up their church, (against Ere- 
linghuysen), but that their opponents had subsequently again 
gotten possession of it. They complain that, for these reasons, 
they are destitute of public worship; but they are resolved to 

2334 Ecclesiastical Records 

wait, and see whether with your good aid, they may not be helped 
in securing, at length, the restoration of their holy worship, by 
having another minister sent from Holland, in accordance with 
the advice of the Rev. Classis. 

4. For the furtherance of this object they propose this very 
thing to the Classis, but not precisely under the mutual 

that the Rev. Classis might not be served thereby in relation to 
churches which are subject to another (civil) power. Therefore 
they speak, not in any spirit of haughtiness, for they have 
avoided all such ex])ressions ; but they respectfully present to the 
Classis the following: 

(1) Because the Classis has for more than fifty years exerted 
the principal influence upon those churches, and has executed 
almost all the calls made by the same, with but two exceptions — 
such as that of Rev. Freeman, and one other — ; and since these 
churches have found themselves benefitted by that correspond- 
ence. yi^\ 

(2) Because the opponents refer themselves to Classis. 

(3) Because great respect was felt there for the counsels of 
the Classis; for which reason Rev. Frelinghuysen has also made 
use thereof, mth a pretext of ecclesiastical approval of his action : 

5. They therefore request information, 

(1) Whether Rev. Frelinghuysen can be recognized as belong- 
ing to the Dutch Church, or not? 

(2) What would be done against such a one in Holland; in 
accordance with so many Snyodical and civil resolutions against 
Labadists and Mennonites; and in accordance with Rev. Freling- 
huysen's own subscription (to the Formulae of Unity), which he 
did with profession of submission to the '' Regulations '' when he 
was called. 

(3) That our advice must be in harmony with the directions of 
the Synod of Dort; in accordance with which also the churches 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2335 

must conduct themselves as '^ per Privilege" of the Xew York 

(4) They ask for an extract from the Minutes of Classis, in so 
far as thej relate to the appointment of Rev. Frelinghuysen ; and 
whether he was examined by the Classis, and appointed by it; 
inasmuch as it is said there, that the Classis should have been 
more careful, and that whoever has family influence, they sent 
out there as a favor, whether fit or unfit. 

(5) Finally they ask for speedy advice, because of all that 
they have stated; and because of other reasons which can be 
imagined, in their behalf; and thus also for our owm sake and 
the sake of God's Church. Thereupon they conclude with a wish 
for a blessing. 

Signed by those commissioned thereto : 

Pierre Dumont. 
Simon Wykhof. 
Henry Yroom. 
Daniel Sebering. 

of the preacher. 

With the knowledge of the undersigned, and submitting the 
same for the advice of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

G. Du Bois. 
Y. Antonides. 
H. Boel. 
P. Yas. 
Yew York, 

November 1, 1725. 

Rev. "W:\r. C. Beekexmyer, 1725-1731. 

In the year 1725 the Minister William Christoffer Berkenmeyer came here, and 
commenced the Service at Quassaik too: In the year 1727. He is by Writing 
desired to administer there, after the following Tnions-Contract, He not receiving 
for his Service from the Products of the Lands then Anno 1730 or 1731 thirty 
Cheepels of Wheet.— Doc. Hist. X. Y. Vol. iii. p. 354. 


Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Account of Negkoes Imported Into ^ew York From 1700 

TO 1726. 

An Account of what Negro Slaves have been Imported into His Majesties 
Province of New York as taljen from the Custom House Books between the year 
1701 and this present year 1726. 


From the 

From the 
Coast of 


























1712 . 









* Entered from the coast of Africa but found 


afterwards to have been from Madagascar. 







2395 Totall. 

N B. That all the Negroes in the foregoing Account have been Imported by Pri- 
vate Traders and that none have been imported during that time by the African 
Company. Archd. Kennedy, Collr. 

New York, 
Dec. 16, 1726. 

— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. V. p. 814. 

Census of the Province of Xew Jersey. Anno 172.6. 

An account of the Inhabitants of the Province of New Jersey, distinguishing their 
age, sex and colour, taken in the Y'ear 1726. 








Total of 

above 16 

above 16 

under 16 

under 16 


An Account of 







Inhabitants of 







New Jersey 

Monmouth . . . 






j Somerset 













Burlington . . . 






Hunterdon. . . 






Glocester .... 












Cape May .... 











OF THE State of ISTew York. 



above 16 

above 16 

under 16 

under 16 

Total of 

Total of 



Monmouth... . 



Glocester .... 


Cape May 

























— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. V. p. 819. 

Dutch Church of i\ew York. 

January 5, 1725-6. (1726.) 

Act of Appointment of Mr. Barend de Foreest, as School- 
master, etc. 

The Rev. Consistory after calling on God's name, and having 
maturely considered, that for various reasons, it is useful and 
salutary that a Dutch school should be maintained, for the chil- 
dren of those who belong to the Dutch Reformed 
Preamble. Church in this city of "New York, for their instruc- 

tion; and this not only in the Dutch language, but 
also in the elements of Christian piety — a school of which the 
Rev. Consistory should have the oversight; and in w^hich the 
teacher should be bound to execute all such orders as they should 
judge necessary to be made : 

And the Rev. Consistory, having seen the justice of providing 
the children of the indigent with some teaching and Christian 
training, so far as practicable; and having also received the en- 
dorsement of the Great Consistory in this matter, met for the 
consideration of this business on December 3rd last, (1725); and 
they then unanimously Resolved, to appoint you, Mr. Barend de 
Foreest, for such a Schoolmaster. 

Accordingly, the Rev. Consistory, with the unanimous ap- 


2338 Ecclesiastical Records 

proval of the Great Consistory, do, by this instrmneut in writing 
appoint yon, Mr. Barend de Foreest, according to a resolution 
of January 5, 1725-6, (1726) to be Schoolmaster under their 
oversight, and upon your pledge to execute such orders as shall 
be deemed useful for the best advancement of the children who 
see fit to avail themselves of your school. 

I. In the first place : Upon the expectation that you will prop- 
erly conduct yourself in both doctrine and life, and of which we 

do not doubt, you will diligently keep your school with- 
in the out omission, except under the most urgent necessity, 

and will maintain it wisely and in good order. More 
precisely, according to the following: 

1. In summer, from 9 to 11 a. m.; and from 1 to 4 p. m. In 
winter, from 9 1/2 a. m. to 12 1/2 p. m. ; and from 1 to 4 p. m. 

2. On Festival-days, you shall, as usual, be free, yet only with 
our knowledge and approval, also on Fridays, when there is a 
trial-sermon (proef-preek) ; and on Wednesdays and Saturdays 
according to custom. 

3. The school is to open and close with prayer and singing. 
The children, according to their ability, are to be taught to spell, 
read, write, cypher; and also the usual prayers in the Catechism. 
You are to see that they recite to the Minister the particular 
" Lord's Day " of the Catechism, on Saturdays, so that they may 
be able to recite it in the Church. You must also appear every 
Monday, with all the children, at the public catechizing, to test 
their ability and their diligence; and spend the afternoon of that 
day, or a part of it, in catechizing them yourself, upon the por- 
tion which has been handled. On Wednesdays, when there is 
preaching, you must attend the service with all the children. 

4. Four times a year, all the children shall be examined in a 
manner prescribed, in the presence of the Consistory, or of their 

5. In your school none but edifying and orthodox books shall 
be used, under the approbation of the Consistory. 

OF THE State of ITew Yoek. 2339 

II. In the second place : In reference to those among us who 
are unable to pay the sum required, for the teaching of their 
children over seven years of age, for these the Consistory will 
make provision. You will record the names of all those who 
apply for the privileges of the school, as well as of their children. 
You may say to them that you will present their request on the 
following Sunday afternoon to the Kev. Consistory; and that on 
the Monday morning following, before school time, you will 
announco to them whether the Consistory has accepted their chil- 
dren or not. 

For the performance of all the foregoing, the Rev. Consistory 
promise to you, Mr. Barend de Foreest, for the present year, 
beginning wdth January 1st, just past, and ending with the last 
day of December next, nine pounds, "New York currency, for the 
children of indigent parents; and in case more than that number 
are sent to you, you shall be paid for each one, in the same 
proportion, nine pounds for ten children. For this year, you 
shall receive nine pounds, whether you have ten (poor) children 
or not. The Consistory will in due time take order about fire- 
wood for the children, and inform you. 

Under these promises then, and upon condition that you sub- 
mit to such orders as the Rev. Consistory shall give concerning 
the school, whether by altering the foregoing, or adding new ones, 
the Rev. Consistory thus provisionally appoint you for this year. 

Thus done in our Church Assembly at I^ew York, January 5, 
1725-6. (1726.) 

In the name of the Rev. Consistory, 

G. Du Bois, p. t. Praeses. 

The foregoing proposal of the Rev. Consistory, the original 

of which has been delivered to me, I accept in the fear of the 

Lord, thanking their Reverences for their goodness to me. 

Barend de Foreest. 
Kew York, 

January 13, 1725-6. (1726.) 



2340 ■ Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Publication of his Appointment, Jan. 9, 1726. 

Declaration of the Eeverend Consistory to the Christian Con- 
gregation, that Mr. Barent de Foreest has been appointed bj 
them, together with the Great Consistory, to be Schoolmaster 
for one year, beginning with January 1, Anno 1726. 

Inasmuch as under Divine Providence, we are all subjects of 
his Royal Majesty, George, the King of Great Britain, our most 
gracious Sovereign; and inasmuch as we are living in a Province 
where the English language is the common language of the 
inhabitants : there cannot but be a general agreement by each 
and all of us that it is very necessary to be versed in this com- 
mon language of the people, in order properly to carry on one's 
temporal calling. 

Herewith, also, all who belong to the Dutch Reformed Church, 
and have any regard for God, and prefer the worship of the 
Dutch Reformed Church, cannot but see and acknowledge that 
every one, be he who it may, must regard it as urgently necessary 
that since the practice of the Low Dutch Reformed worship, and 
attendance upon the public exercise of the same, and the devout 
hearing of pious sermons in the Dutch language, furnish the 
only hope, under the co-operation of God's spirit, from time to 
time, of advancing in the knowledge of the truth, which is ac- 
cording to godliness, to their comfort and salvation, it is equally 
necessary for them to be versed in the language in which God's 
worship is conducted and exercised. 

What, therefore, can any esteem more fit and proper, than 
that they who are not ashamed to belong to a Church and congre- 
gation — where the true doctrine of comfort in life and in death 
is preached in the clearest and most powerful manner, in the 
Dutch tongue, according to the decrees of the National Synod of 
Dordrecht, etc., in order to progress in the right knowledge of 
God's Word and the practice of true piety, as we are forgiven by 
the Most High in Christ, through his Spirit — should cause their 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2341 

children from their youth up to be instructed in the Low Dutch 
tongue, and not neglect any opportunity for gaining this end. 

One matter which the Eev. Consistory esteems of the highest 
importance, and wishes to impress deeply on the minds of you, 
the Christian Dutch Reformed Church of this City of Xew York, 
inasmuch as the fact appears in many ways is this : that most of 
those who belong to us, either from general apathy, or a sad in- 
difFerence to evangelical truth as well as to true piety — which 
we fear is the case, although we hope not — or to a wretched 
carelessness of necessary things, have now for some years 
neglected to have their children receive instruction in the ISTether- 
landish tongue. Are not our youth, now growing up among us, 
living witnesses of this? And, to our sorrow, most of them are 
brought up without having the principles of the doctrine of Christ 
instilled in their minds. It is for such reasons, as they advance 
in years, that they show such reluctance to attend our catechising, 
not^vithstanding all the opportunities they have in this respect. 
Hence, all our hearts must be impressed with the necessity of 
instructing the young in the Dutch language. And this must 
be considered the more necessary, since on mature deliberation, 
you, with us, must acknowledge, that if this shameless neglect 
continues, no one can attribute the sad condition of our religion 
and our Church, to anything else than our own carelessness; for, 
under the happy rule of our Protestant (English) magistrate, full 
freedom is given us for the public exercise of our religion. 

Therefore, the acting Consistory, in conjunction with the Great 
Consistory, having, after calling on God's name taken the whole 
weighty subject into mature consideration, in order to devise 
some means, if possible, by which our sad condition might be 
somewhat relieved, have unanimously resolved to appoint Mr. 
Barent de Foreest, Schoolmaster, under their own supervision, 
and his pledge to obey strictly all such orders as shall be judged 
necessary for the advancement of the youth in the E'etherlandish 
tongue, and in the first principles of the Christian religion. And 


2342 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

they have Hkewise thought proper to make known to the Christian 
congregation this their resolution under these circumstances. 

Therefore your children, whom you may please to send there 
for instruction, shall be diligently cared for, without omission save 
in cases of extreme necessity; to which Mr. de Foreest has pledged 
and bound himself to the Rev. Consistory according to articles 
prepared for that purpose. 

Meanwhile, we. Ministers, Elders, etc., have willingly taken 
it upon ourselves to see that your reasonable expectations may 
be satisfied so far as possible in respect to the proper instruction 
of your children, not only in reading and writing but also in the 
usual prayers and in the Catechism. Eor which purpose Mr. de 
Foreest will every week appear with all the children at the public 
catechising in order that they may be examined as to their pro- 
ficiency. He will, also, whenever there is preaching on Wednes- 
day, come to church with all the children. 

Herewith the Christian congregation is also informed, in re- 
spect to those among us who are unable to pay the money required 
for the teaching of their children from seven years of age and 
upward, that they have only to repair to Mr. de Foreest, who 
will confer with them, and receive their children according to the 
order which he has already received, or shall still further receive 
from the Rev. Consistory; for the school money shall be provided 
by the Rev. Consistory. 

The design is the instruction of the youth and the arousing of 
the adults to this matter in order to the further propagation of 
Christ's Kingdom among us, for God's honor and our salvation. 
This, then, being the only object sought, it is our friendly request 
that you may so take to heart its importance that one may serve 
as an example to another and the prompt stir up the slothful. 
And so we, with our children, will, as members of the true 
Christian Church, steadfastly serve God and his Son, Jesus 
Christ, in faith and love. 

Thus also our congregation will not diminish, but daily increase 

OF THE State of Kew York. 2343 

more aud more, like God's people, over the whole eaith; until 
even Babylon shall fall, and the fulness of the Gentiles come in, 
and all Israel be saved; and we, altogether, receive the end of our 
faith in eternal glory. Amen. 

Thus done in Christian Assembly at Xew York. January 5th, 
A. D. 1Y25-6. 

G. Du Bois, p. t. Praeses. 
Jan. 9, 1726, being a Sunday, this was read before the con- 
gregation, after the morning service. 

Lib. A. 237-240. 

Dunshee, in part, 2nd ed. 40. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Eeport of Rev. Hagelis about 
Rev. Frilinghuyzen. 

1726, Jan. 8th. He also reported that Rev. Deputati ad res 
Exteras had written a letter to Rev. Frilinkhuise and Boel to 
notify the complaining members of the church of Raretans of 
the resolution of the R^ev. Classis. This matter was further 
recommended to the Messrs. Deputati. x. 251. 

Dutch Church of Xew York. 

Feb. 12, 1725-6. (1726). 
The Ruling Consistory, being desirous on account of the in- 
crease of the number of those who have no seats in our church, 
to take the advice of all the members of our congregation who 
have heretofore served in the Consistory, and having received 
the same on the 3rd of February last, has, on this 12th day of 
the same month, after calling on the name of the Lord, considered 
the matter again, and unanimously concluded that some persons 
should go around and ask every one in any way belonging to our 
congregation, what he would be willing to give for himself, or 
bis family, for the building of a new church on a proper spot 



Ecclesiastical Hecokds 


elsewhere in the city, or, if not consenting to this, what he would 
contribnte for the enlargement of the old church. For this pur- 
pose, Mr. John Hardenbrook, elder, Mr. Abram Boele, deacon, 
and Mr. Abram Yan Yleck, churchmaster, were appointed, and 
accepted the office. If deemed necessary, the Consistory will add 
others to the number. 

Witness, in the Xame of the Consistory, 

G. du Bois. 

In token that the above named members of Consistory approve 
the contents as here written, it is signed in their own hands as 
thus confirmed. 

Dutch, p. 138. Liber B. 59. 


1726. Feb. 19th. The same committee further reported that 
all matters were ready in respect to the case of Rev. Frilinghuy- 
sen, and that they were only waiting for a ship to send them off, 
X. 258. 

Gov. BuRXET TO Rev. Me. Beekexmyer as to His Right to 
THE Profits of the Glebe at Quassaick, IN". Y., ^Marcii 1, 

Litra. C. i. His late Excellency William Burnet, Favorisin,? the MInr. Will. 
Christ. Berkennayer, has protected him iu the service of Quassaik, self by a 
Letter Missive. 


Reverendo Viro Domino Wil- 
helmo Christophoro Berkenmeijro 
Guiliemus Burnet S. P. D. 

Quoad agrum in Colonia 
Campensi de quo video litem ali 
quam orituram, nil aliud dicam 
nisi quod Justitia omnibus 
pateat & Controversiae debent 
diiimi in cui'iis civilibus se- 
cundum leges. Literae Patentes 
nuper datae sunt, ut vocantur; 
quibus ho'i'es certi agrum istum 
pro communi bono illius colo- 
niae posident, & si aliqua eon- 
trorersia de sensu illarum lit- 
erarum oriatuv coram judicibus 


To the Reverend Minister 
V/111. Christ. Berkenmijer 
William Burnet Greeting 

Concerning the Glebe in the 
Country which as I see will 
come in Proces, I shall 
speak no more, than that the 
Justice stands open for 
every one; and the Controver- 
sies are to be dissolved in 
the Courts of Common Law, 
after the Direction of the 
Law. Letters Patents, as 
they are called; are newly 
given by which certain Fam- 
ilies do posses5e such Glebe 

OF THE State of IN'ew Yoek. 234.5 


litiganclum est. Xon amplius Laud, as a Common Good or 

mei juris est, nisi forsan for the Common Best of the 

coram me lis yeniat, quare nihil Colonie, and if any Disputes 

debeo de ilia re vel affirmare arrise concerning the mean- 

vel negare. ing of these Letters Patents, 

Datum Calendis Martii NoTae the Cause must be brought 

Eboraci A. C. MDCCXXVI. before the Justices. It 

stands not further by me, if 

not, can be, the Cause should 

come unto me, for which Reason, 

I ought not to determine, 

or to dislike anything in 

the Cause. 

Written ye 1st of March, at 

New York A. C. 1726. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y, Vol. iii. pp. 354, 355. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 


1726, April 1st. Regarding tlie case of Rev. Krimpelman, 
the Rev. Cominittee had ascertained nothing in addition. Further 
they rej)orted regarding the booklet of the Converted Jew, Tin- 
dam, that they had made arrangements for the changes which 
were to be made therein. Also the case of Rev. Frilinghnysen 
remains recommended to them. x. 261. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Resolution of the State Regarding 
the age of those Called (to the ^linistry.) 

1Y26, May 6th. Mr. Yos, Deputatus Synodi, handed in a reso- 
lution from their Xoble Great (Mightinesses) touching the dis- 
pensation as to the age when ministers and candidates may receive 
Calls. It read as follows : 

The Hon. Pensionary Marcus reported to the Assembly the 
marks and advice of the Messrs. the Committee of their i^Toble 
Great Mightinesses. In consequence of, and in compliance with, 
their Commissorial resolution of the 11th of this current month, 
they have examined the petition of the Burgomasters, the elders, 
and deacons of the East and West Blokkerhoude. Their church, 
having been deprived of their regular pastor and teacher by the 


2346 Ecclesiastical Records 

departure of Rev. John Eggers to I*^aerden, the petitioners, in 
communication with each other, and to their mutual satisfaction, 
had looked about, in the interest of their church, for another 
minister. The said elders and deacons, after gaining consent or 
permission (hand opening) had made a nomination of four candi- 
dates. On the 9th of Oct. of this year, the church of East and 
West Blokkerhoude had called by the 42 votes required, (6, 4, 
and 3 votes?) from the nominations made, the Rev. John Benkel- 
man, candidate, of Hoorn. This call had also been properly pre- 
sented to him. The said Rev. John Benkelman, would have liked 
to accept the said call extended to him, but immediately made 
known to the petitioners, that he had become only twenty one 
years old on the 11th of last March, and had not therefore, at- 
tained the age required by the resolution of their Xoble Great 
Mightinesses so that he could be lawfully ordained and admitted 
to the Sacred Ministry in this Province. 

But concerning the eagerness of this congregation to have the 
said Rev. John Benkelman for their regular pastor and teacher 
and that great good was to be hoped and expected from his labors ; 
tlierefore the petitioners, request their Xoble Great Mightinesses, 
by virtue of their sovereign power and authority, in respect to the 
Rev. John Benkelman, to be pleased to release and grant a dis- 
pensation to him from this law of minority. Thus he might be 
admitted to the pastorate of East and West Blokkerhoude. The 
Classis of Hoorn and all whom it may concern might be ordered 
also not to prevent or refuse the call made on the said Rev. John 
Benkelman on account of his minority, but to recognize him in 
every way, even as if he had attained the required age. 

This was discussed. It was also taken into consideration that 
the said John Benkelman, not only at the time when the min- 
isterial office there became vacant had not yet reached the full 
age of twenty two, but even at the time of the call, still lacked 
some months of it. It was therefore resolved and understood 
that the dispensation asked for, be refused, even as the same i? 


OF THE State of New York. 2347 

refused by these presents. It was also taken into consideration 
that at the time when ministers are called to vacancies of the 
office in the cities which have a vote in the Legislature, the 
Hague included among them, (such ministers) must have at- 
tained the full age of thirty; and in the other cities of twenty 
seven; and in the country of twenty five years. Also their 
jJ^oble Great Mightinesses by their resolution of Feb. 25, 1679, 
decreed that no dispensation should be granted from such ages. 
But afterward, by their resolution of Dec. 21, 1680, they de- 
creased the age at which ministers could be called, in the cities 
having a vote in the Legislature, including the Hague^ to twenty 
seven; in the other cities having no vote in the Legislature, to 
twenty five; and in the country to twenty two years; this to apply 
to the age at the time of the vacancy. It was also resolved and 
understood, that from this time forth; no dispensation should be 
granted from their ^N'oble Great Mightinesses resolution of Dec. 
21, 1680, but that every one must strictly regulate himself by 
this resolution; and the Pensionary is expressly directed thereby, 
not to submit for discussion any proposals for a dispensation 
from the said resolution; nor to accept any petitions or remon- 
strances which he shall know to have the said purpose in view; 
nor even to read them to the Assembly; but to suppress 
(seponeren) them, or give them back again. It was further re- 
solved and understood that a copy of this resolution shall be sent 
to the South and Z^orth Holland Synods, to be recorded by them, 
and also to each Classis, with the order to guide themselves 
strictly thereby, x. 264-266. 

GovEE??^OR Burnet to the Lords of Trade. 

New York, June 2nd, 1726. 
My Lords: 

On the 23rd of May last I received a letter from Mr. Popple dated 1st of Octo- 
ber 1725 containing Your Lordships' commands to me to be more punctual In send- 
ing Copys of publick papers, publick accounts, and all proceedings for your Lord- 
ships information according to my Instructions, upon the several heads following 
to each of which I will make what answer I can on so short notice. 

The second head is the Number of planters and Inhabitants and Accounts of 
Christnings and Burials, etc. I had the honor to transmit to your Lordships an 

2348 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

account taken by the Sheriffs of the several Connties of all the Inhabitants of the 
Province of New York, in my letter of the 16th of December 1723, where, if search 
be made, I question not but it will be found, I will prepare the like abstract of 
the same accounts and send it by the next opportunity. 

I would have then ordered the like accounts to be taken in New Jersey but I 
was advised that it might make the people uneasy, they being generally of a Nevf 
England Extraction and thereby Enthusiasts: and that they would take it for a 
Repetition of the same sin that David committed in numbering the people and 
might bring on the like Judgments. This notion put me off from it at that time, 
but since your Lordships require it I will give the orders to the Sheriffs, that it 
may be done as soon as may be. 

As to accounts of Christenings and Burials I dont find they have ever been 
kept regularly, and it would be extremely diflacult to bring it to bear, for here in 
New York, there are not Church of England Ministers in half of the Countys of 
the Province, and there are many Dutch and some French and some dissenting 
Ministers that baptise and bury, some of which keep no account, as I have been 
told, and others that perhaps do and understand no English. 

In New Jersey there are few Church of England Ministers, several dissenting 
Ministers who keep no accounts and many Quakers who are never baptized so 
that such an Account would be no true Estimate of the people there. 

— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. V. pp. 776, 777. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Cornelius Van Santvoord to the Classis of Amsterdam, 

June 14, 1726. 

Portfolio "Ise^r York", Yol. i. 

(Addressed:) Reverend, Pious, and Learned Gentlemen, The 
Commissioners on Foreign Affairs for the Eeverend Classis of 
Amsterdam. ' 

With two pamphlets. 

Staten Island, June 14, 1726. 

Reverend Sirs and Brethren in Christ : — 

About a year ago there v/as issued here a little book, — a copy 
of which had been previously sent to the Rev. Classis of Amster- 
dam, — styled a ^^ Complaint ", in the name of certain members 
or adherents (lovers) of the Dutch Reformed congregations on 
the Raritan. Besides containing a necessary Preface, this Com- 
plaint was fortified by a "Declaration", signed by four of our 
brethren. In the Complaint and Preface I found myself men- 
tioned by name, but not with commendation. I also knew myself 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 2349 

to be referred to in the Complaint, which was not pleasing to me 
(touched me). The Declaration also did not honor me in the 
so-called Protest. Deeming myself insulted thereby, there has 
also been published here something in my defence,* which I take 
the liberty of sending to you. Thus may your Rev. Classical 
Assembly be enlightened, if you consider it worth your attention. 

I can indeed, assure you, that I did not relish either the trouble, 
or the expense (of this book), which is considerable here; nor 
would I have troubled you with it, if those who made that 
'• Declaration " had not expressed themselves as they did. And 
if the " Complaint ", fortified with that " Declaration " expressing 
their sincere meaning, had not been sent to the Rev. Assembly, 
neither would this reply of mine have been sent over to you. 
For who ought to care for such things, which everybody here 
holds in contempt? However, if I kept silence now, it might 
be said to be an acknowledgment of the accusation; or, at least, 
it might be so esteemed. I will not accuse my brethren, nor 
demand justice upon them. Good and wholesome peace is what 
I aim for and desire. I also hope that you will have confidence 
in me in reference to what I say. It may be thought, however, 
according to the judgement of some, that all the expressions in 
this ^"Dialogue" are not equally proper. We are human, and 
we are all of like passions, one with another; and all are some- 
what blind in affairs relating to ourselves, no matter how careful 
we are, nor how diligently we seek to remain dispassionate. 
Oh ! that peace and unity might come to exist among the brethren, 
and that you and the Rev. Assembly could point out the desired 
means ! I conclude with the prayer that the Lord God may be 
with you, and abide with you and the Rev. Assembly, and bless 
your ministry and deliberations to the glory of His ^N'ame, and 
the upbuilding of His Kingdom. 

I remain. Rev. Sirs and Brethren in Christ, 
Your servant and brother, 

C. Van Santvoord. 

* A Dialogue between Considerans and Candidus, 1726. 

2360 Ecclesiastical Records 

Title and Peeface of Van Santvoord's Book. 

A Dialogue, Concerning the '^ Complaint " of the People of 
the Karitan (Valley) ; Treating of the Matters which have in that 
volume, both in general and in particular, been laid to the charge 
of Cornelius Van Santvoord, Minister on Staten Island. To- 
gether with a Supplement, in behalf of the Restoration of Peace. 
Xew York. Printed by J. P. Zenger, 1726. 

Information for the Reader. 

The author of this Dialogue felt disposed to make some obser- 
vations in regard to the notorious ^' Complaint " of the People 
of Raritan, which was supported by the " expositions " of a few 
Ministers. He therefore went to work on the subject at once 
(on the appearance of said ^' Complaint ".) When he had made 
some progress, he came across another book — '^A Dialogue on 
Orthodoxy'^, etc. That work seemed sufficient to deprive the 
^' Complaint " of all its power. He was at a loss, therefore, 
v/hether to go on with his own work, or not, for he did not wish 
to do over again what had already been done. But inasmuch as, 
in said " Complaint ", bold mention was made of certain matters, 
as positive proofs of the heterodoxy of the Minister at Raritan; 
and inasmuch as (it was asserted) that these were based on the 
intolerable folly or the wicked partizanship of those who had not 
joined the '^ expounders ", he again took up his pen. 

If any one think that those who conduct this Dialogue are not 
always in an assured condition, (lit. — in countenance,) nor always 
completely vindicate themselves, let him attribute this to want 
of ability in the author. Should they speak rather earnestly, and 
at other times somewhat lightly, they speak thus in accordance 
with the nature and importance of the topics or arguments under 
consideration. But this is done without the intention of offend- 
ing anyone, or destroying the respect which is due him. It did 
indeed, go somewhat against the grain to mention certain names, 
and to quote certain facts; but how could this be avoided in view 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2351 

of preceding examples, and the traits of those who call a boat, a 
boat. That which refers to Rev. (Cornelius) Van Santvoord in 
particular, is published with his consent. If anyone should be 
pleased on that account to attack him, he wishes it to be under- 
stood that he intends to avoid debate; although he does not prom- 
ise that he will allow anyone to trample his reputation under 
foot. Let every one read this Dialogue dispassionately, and come 
to an opinion in accordance with truth, and in love. Use it unto 
edification. Put aside all perversions of facts; for in order to 
defend the facts, a Supplement is added. And pray God that 
he would enable the brethren to dwell together in the spirit of 

[This Dialogue is interesting, but too long for publication.] 

Classis or Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Friling- 
huysen, June, 1726. xxviii. 247. 

Reverend, Godly, and Highly Learned Sir, and Beloved Brother : — 
Some time ago there was placed m our hands the little book 
which accompanies this letter, styled "Complaint of Certain 
Members of the Dutch Reformed Church living at Raritans ", 
etc., respecting the action of yourself and Consistory towards 
these Complainants, who are the authors and senders of the same. 
This complaint was laid on our table with the desire that we 
should give judgement upon it, and if possible, redress, and pre- 
vent all irregularities which might be found to have happened 
on either side. 

^Ye have had this writing examined by our Committee. It is 
very prolix and contains many things worthy of no attention; 
nevertheless it contains evidences of gTeat divisions and estrange- 
ments in your churches, whose glory should be Love and Peace. 
Also, therein, several charges are made against you personally, 



2352 . Ecclesiastical E-ecords 

or in connection with your Consistories, wMcii^ if true, would 
prove a very dictatorial spirit, and, in many respects, would har- 
monize with the principles of those, who, under pretext of better 
church discipline, have separated themselves from the communion 
of the Reformed Church. 

But we do not wish to decide anything concerning any of these 
charges on mere ex parte evidence, but have unanimously deter- 
mined to transmit the Complaint to you that you make your 
defence concerning the same. This we expect you to do; and 
while we easily foresee that a very elaborate defence might follow 
so prolix a document; and many things might intrude themselves 
which do not belong to the essence of the matter, and would only 
delay our Assembly in her manifold duties; therefore be pleased 
to express yourself principally, and if possible, set us at rest, on 
the following points, extracted from this book, such as have ap- 
peared to us to be most important : 

Besides several examples of incautious expressions not only in 
the pulpit, but in pastoral visitations and in the treatment of the 
sick, to be found on pages 19, 99-101, 139, 140, etc., and the 
defence of Schuurman in his affronts towards the services of 
Revs. Du Bois and Boel, — Preface, pp. 2 and 3 — there is laid 
to your charge : 

1. That you had forbidden Simon Yrykhof the communion on 
account of a difficulty which he had with a Avoman neighbor. 
Although the question had been settled, you yet refused him the 
communion for half a year; even then saying in your " Peniten- 
tial Sermon", that ^^ there were yet some who even boldly dared 
to say, etc.", — page 20 — at end, and following pages; as also at 
the beginning: also page 29, below the middle of the page; "thus 
he has also to Simon Wykhof, etc.'' 

2. That you had departed from the Church-Order in the elec- 
tion of the Consistory, annotating the same according to your 
own option; while before, every male member might nominate 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 235C 

wliom lie Yvovild, — p. 21 — ; that you, by sueli means, had caused 
to be chosen a certain Fisser, (Hendrick Fisher,) as deacon, who 
had been accused, by tvv'o witnesses, of unchastity with a married 
woman. Upon being informed of this, you asserted the accusa- 
tion to be false; page 22. 

3. That you had without reason, and without the advice of 
elders, suspended from the communion the wife of Jan Teuniss; 
page 24. 

4. That you had not invited the wife of Pieter Bodyn (to com- 
munion), because, as you said, she was of Claas ITaagman^s 
people, notwithstanding the protestations of the woman, etc. 

5. That you wanted to demand a new confession (of her faith) 
from the wife of Michiel Moor, who had a regular certificate of 
dismission; and that you frequently said, in catechising, — ap- 
parently with reference to this circumstance — that one ought 
always to be ready to give a reason, etc. page 25; and that also 
in 1725, you had done the same thing to one Aarsdalen, who had 
previously been received by Eev. Antonides; pages 119, 134. 

6. That you had declined to baptize the child of Michiel Moor, 
because he was of Claas Haagman's people; that subsequently, 
upon baptizing the child, you had not said "Amen"; that also, 
although you long held the certificate of said Moor, you would 
not finally receive him; page 26. 

7. That you had treated Schuurman in a very different man- 
ner; that he was never proposed to the church, or published as a 
member, either by certificate or on confession. Idem. 

8. That you had forbidden Alvah Blaauw and wife to teach 
their children the '* Our Father etc '', because they were unre- 
generate people and unworthy; page 27; Avhich act Schuurman 
had also defended. 

9. That you had refused baptism to genuine Christian children, 
who were a year or two old; page 26; and had said that you 


2354 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

would not administer baptism except at your own pleasure; 
page 51. 

10. That you already said, upon the vessel on which you went 
over, that the Revs. Du Bois and Boel were '' natural ministers ^\ 
and that you had kept silence in Holland, that you might not 
be hindered in your call thither; but that now you would speak 
with boldness, and notify your own brotherhood in Holland, and 
secure those of your own sort to come over; page 54. 

11. That you approved of a certain book against Eev. (Joseph) 
Morgan, in which the use of the Formulas is called a God-dis- 
honoring, and dead formalism; pages 59, 60, 131. 

12. That you incited husband and wife, parents and children 
against one another; pages 80, 81. 

13. That you said that the wrath of God was so kindled against 
the Church that the children could not believe; page 99; and that 
once, on the entrance of an old man or two to the Catechising, 
had said, that even the old ones come to the Catechising, to offer 
their old corrupt selves to God; page 99, end, and following. 

14. That you had acted in a strange manner concerning the 
Holy Supper: at your first administration, you had stood still a 
long while, and had then beckoned to one woman to come, and 
then to another; that at another time you had given the com- 
munion to Schuurman separately, with a special blessing, which 
had not been done to others; that at another time you had first 
given the cup to some, and then the bread, and had cast reflections 
on some approaching, saying, that natural people also yet dared 
to approach the table; page 101; it was also said to be known 
world wide, that during your residence at Raretans, most of the 
members of the Consistory had not received the Holy Supper; 
page 40. 

15. Further, there is laid to your charge something which has 
grieved us most of all, and which, whether true or false, one 

OF THE State of Kew Yoek. 2355 

cannot read without perturbation of heart; and that is, that 
both in public and at home, you were in the habit of frequently 
embracing and kissing Schuurman; page 109. . 

16. That you, cum suis, began to inflict discipline on three 
cited parties, when they did not respond to three successive 
citations; and also on Claas Hageman, whom we do not find to 
have been cited at all; and that you also published these suspen- 
sions, September 23, 1723. As presented to us, it appears as 
if these people were not only suspended for contumacy, but also 
excommunicated by the greater ban, being now entirely cut off, 
pp. 121, 143; while on pages 6 and 121, it is said that you, by 
your subscription, recognize the Classis of Amsterdam as the 
only competent judge; by whose permission alone such a ban 
could be imposed, according to Article 76 of the Church-Order. 

17. We must also say that the whole method of procedure — 
namely, by threatening citations ; one not signed by you, although 
the other was; and the Consistory not convened according to 
ecclesiastical requirement for the second citation, although this 
error is passed over, since another citation was made; page 12; — 
this whole method of procedure does not appear to us to have 
been in order, if the reports concerning them are fully in ac- 
cordance with truth. 

We hope you will be able fully to defend yourself against all 
these charges. You may expect that we will examine your de- 
fence with the same impartiality as we have done the accusation. 
We will seek in all things to act mthout prejudice, and for the 
best edification of the churches. In the meantime we desire to 
urge you very earnestly, and to exhort you in the Lord, to do 
all in your power to prevent further estrangements; and to do 
whatever tends to peace and edification. Remember that zeal 
without knowledge cannot be acceptable to God, and often spoils 
much good. Remedies must never be used which are worse than 
the disease itself. To these ends we wish you a rich measure of 


2356 Ecclesiastical Records 

the spirit of wisdom, of prudence and counsel. We anxiously 
await your answer, Eeverend Sir and Beloved Brother, 
In the name of the Classis, 

Henricus Yos. 
Johannes Hagelis. 
[See Answer in letter of April 6, 172 Y.] 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Eev. Henricus Boel, June 1726. 

xxviii. 246. 

Eeverend, Godly and Highly Learned Sir, and Beloved Brother : — 
Eev. Mr. Herman Van de Wall has communicated to us the 
contents of your letter to him respecting the disaffections which 
have arisen in the churches of the Earitan, etc., and the request 
of the complaining members there, that we would take the mat- 
ter in hand, and give a decision concerning the same. To this 
end he has also handed over copies of the little book which have 
been sent, entitled ^^ CoiT^laint of Certain Members " etc. 

We have noticed with much sorrow that the estrangements in 
those churches are already very great, and have, therefore, ex- 
amined the " Complaint " with the more carefulness. We indeed 
wish that it had not been so prolix, but had concisely summed up 
the gist of the matter, omitting many little circumstances, avoid- 
ing repetitions and observations which do not belong to the 
essence of the matter. We have, however, bestowed proper at- 
tention on the essential points, but have not been able to see our 
way clear to pronounce a definite decision in the case, without 
first, as justice and equity require, hearing the defence of Eev. 
Frilinghuysen. We therefore resolve to give him notice of these 
charges, and to demand his defence. We have therefore sent 
him a copy of the " Complaint " with references to the points of 
accusation, which we consider worthy of attention. 


OF THE State of N'eav York. 235T 

We commiinicaLe this to yoii with the rec[uest that you will 
acquaint the " Complainants " of oiir action, that they may under- 
stand that we do not withdraw ourselves from them, but wish, to 
do notaing without having heard both sides. 

In the meantime v»re trust tbat you and the other brethren in 
those parts will strive to do everything possible, that these fires 
of strife may not fiame up higher, but may rather be quenched. 

Herewith, with, our wishes of much honor upon yourself and 

blessing on your services, 

Hend. Yos. 
Jobs. Hagelis. 

Extract from a Letter of Kev. Mr. Yeset to the Society 
FOR the Propagation of the Gospel, July 3, 1726. 

He first requests an assistant in place of Rev. Wetmore, vrho had removed to 
Rye. This assistant was very necessary because there were about fourteen hun- 
dred Indians and Negro slaves, and the number was daily increasing by births 

and importations from Guiney and elsewhere "A considerable number 

of these Negroes by the Society's charity have been already instructed in the 
principles of Christianity, have received holy baptism, are communicants of our 
Church and frequently approach the Altar: We doubt not but that the Society 
has received from Mr. Neau, their former Cateehist, repeated accounts of the 
great success of his mission. And since Mr. Wetmore's appointment, we have 
with great pleasure observed on Sundnys upwards of an hundred English children 
and Negro servants attending him in the Church: and their catecheticall instruc- 
tions being ended, singing of Psalms and praising God with great devotion ". 

Mr. Vesey refers to his " declining age " and the need of " a good English 
preacher of such a clear audible voice as may reach our large Church and the 
ears of the numerous hearers". An "afternoon sermon" by such a preacher he 
considered absolutely necessary " in this populous city, a place of considerable 
trade and resort and the centre of America ". If such a pious and learned man 
" has an inclination to teach a Latin school he will also find a very good account 

in the discharge of his duty " " Were it possible for the Society to have a 

perfect view of this Infant Church planted here among many different nations 
and several meeting houses, there would be a large increase of interest in the 
work ".— Records of Trinity Church, i. 142. Dix's Hist. i. 202-3. 

Dutch Church of Xew York. 

Manor of Fordham. 

July 13, 1726. 

Mr. Cruger, Mr. Lefferts and Mr. Jacobus Eoozeveld were 
appointed to finish, completely the unsettled matters with the 
lessees of the Manor, to make an exact statement of their leases; 


2358 Ecclesiastical Records 

also to settle mth those who are now living on the Manor, and 
have not yet come to a conclusion with the Consistory. These 
friends shall also make arrangements with any others who may 
lease on the Manor, although not now dwelling there. 

Liber B. 57. 

Dutch Church of Js'ew York. 

is'ew Church Building. 

July 14, 1726. 

According to the Resolution of the Consistory yesterday, the 
Great Consistory met to-day. After calling on God's name, it 
was unanimously Resolved, That the ground of Mr. Jameson 
should be purchased, for the purpose of erecting thereon a second 
Church edifice for our congregation. The members of the Great 
Consistory having retired, the Consistory appointed John Harden- 
brook, elder, Abram Boele, deacon, and Abram Van Yleck, 
church-master, who already had been a committee in the matter 
of the (second) church, to purchase, according to the Great Con- 
sistory's resolution, the designated land from Mr. Jameson, and 
to pay for it out of the Deacons' Treasury. They accepted their 
appointment, and on the 15 th of July, Mr. Abram Boele reported 
to Do. du Bois, that the ground had been purchased for five hun- 
dred and seventy five pounds, payable in three years as will far- 
ther appear by the writings. [This was the site at ISTassau and 

Cedar sts.] 

Liber B. 61. 

Church or ISTew York. 

July 21, 1726. 

Consistory held again. Xot only was the proposed purchase 
agreed upon, but Messrs. Hardenbrook, Boelen and Yan Yleck 
were heartily thanked for it. The writings pertaining thereto 
were shown to the Consistory for approval. Resolved, That the 
three above named gentlemen, buyers of the groimd, should take 
the opinion of Messrs. Phillips and Bayard thereon, and, accord- 
ing to their advice, either rest in the writings as made, or see 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2359 


that the necessary alterations were put in — the Consistory con- 
sidering this as a thing finished. 

In the name of the Consistory, 

G. du Bois, p. t. Praeses. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Injury done to Freerman. 

1726, July 22nd. The same gentleman also read a letter from 
Kev. Freerman, and exhibited a pamphlet in his o\vn defense, 
against the injustice done to him in the book published in oppo- 
sition to Rev. Frelinghuisen and his Consistory. The advice of 
the Deputati ad res Exteras is asked thereon, xi. 271. 

Dutch Church of ]N'ew York. 

Aug. 29, 1726. 

Consistory held. Mr. David Jameson delivered all the papers, 
and the deed of the ground bought from him, and it was unani- 
mously Resolved, by all the members present, that the first por- 
tion of the money, according to the deed, should be paid to Mr. 
Jameson out of the Deacons' Treasury. For this purpose, one 
hundred poimds should be taken out of the church-chest in the 
care of Do. du Bois, and the bonds for the payment of the rest 
of the money should be sealed by the committee with the seal of 
the Church. 

In the name «nd by the authority of the Consistory, 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. — Lib. B. 61. 

1726, July 30-August 8. Syxod of Xorth Holland, at 


Classical Changes. 

Departure for the West Indies : Rev. Henricus Koen to x\qua- 

Rev. Reinhard Erikson, to ISTew Barbadoes, (Hackensack), 
Schraalenberg and Paramus. 


1360 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 


Extract feom Records of Teinity CkukciIj September 4. 

Records i. 144. 

It was announced, " that the Society (for Propagating the Gospel) had been 
pleased to appoint and send over Rev. Mr. Colgan for the Parish of Rye, into 
which Rev. Mr. Wetmore had already been called and inducted; and that inas- 
much as he was willing and desirous to officiate in said parish until the Society-'s 
further pleasure should be known therein, he and Mr. Colgan had agreed, that 
Mr. Colgate should officiate in Trinity Church in his stead, until such time as 
they should receive further orders from the Society; and the said Mr. Colgan also 
appearing before this Board, and declaring his assent thereto, and approved of 
accordingly, and it was thereupon ordered that a letter be writt to the Venerable 
Society, desiring them to appoint the said Mr. Colgan to officiate here in the stead 
of Mr. y/etmore, if they had not already been pleased to appoint some other 

liersou " while a subscription paper was to be "carried about for 

Mr. Colgan ". 

On April 11, 172T, Rev. Mr. Colgan was duly appointed to the Parish.— Dix's 
Hist. Trinity Ch. i. 204. 

Dutch Church of 1\ew York. 

Sept. 22, 1726. 

The Consistory •unanimouslj Resolved, That the above men- 
tioned committee of three (Jnly 13, 1726) shall, since some per- 
sons on the Manor refuse to sign the leases, summon them at a fit 
time before them, by Mr. Isaac Kip, and demand that they imme- 
diately sign the leases; if they refuse, they shall go off the land, 
and it shall be leased to others. Said committee shall finish mat- 
ters with the lessees on the Manor. 

X. B. The speedy execution hereof, was hindered by the new 
charge laid on the Manor by the people of Westchester. Upon 
this, the people collected information how to cause this to be 
paid by the lessees. Their conclusion is given below. Mean- 
while the tax is now paid by the Consistory. — Dutch, p. 56. 
Liber B. 57, 59. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
1726, Sept. 22. A call was presented, by their Messrs. High 
Mightinesses (the States General) on Rev. Martin Henry Xieuw- 
poort, S. S. Ministerii Candidatus, to the church at Constanti- 
nople. The Rev. Classis having seen the instrument thereof, as 

OF THE State of 'Nw\V Yokk. 2361 

well as the candidates certificates, approved the said call, and so 
far as the Glassis is concerned therein, made it an ecclesiastical 
act. The request of the candidate, that he may be examined 
finally to-dav, was also granted, x. 275. 

Indian Affairs. 

1726, Sept. 22nd. The affair of the pamphlet of Kev. Freer- 
man, still remains recommended to the Committee ad res Exteras. 
These have also made known that they had received a pamphlet 
written by Eev. Cornelms Santvoort, minister on Staten Island, 
entitled ^^ Dialogue on the Complaint of the Raritan people", 
with a letter to the committee, in addition, tending to his justifi- 
cation from the charges of the said Complainants. The Classis 
refer these matters to the Rev. Committee ad res Exteras in 
order to serve them if possible at the next Classis with a report 
(pre-advice.) x. 277. 

(Letter from Raritan.) 

1726, Sept. 22nd. There was also read by him an extract from 
a letter written by the aggrieved (doleerende) members of Rev. 
Frilinghuysen's church at Raretans, authors of the Complaint, 
(klagte) sent over to the Classis. Thereon a report (pre-advice) 
is likewise expected from the Deputies, x. 277. 

Acts of the Classis of Amstekdaim. 

1726, Sept. 22nd. The Revs. Gerardus Culenkamp had been 
called to Nieuw Loosdrecht; Albertus Yerburg^ to the East In- 
dies; Martin Henry Meuwpoort, to Constantinople; and Mcholas 
Saludanus, to Suriname. After having preached, the first, on 
Rom. 5 : 2, the second, on 2 Tim. 2 : 19, last clause; the third, on 
John 14 : 6 ; the fourth, on Rom. 5 : 8, they were questioned by 
Rev, Examiner Heemstede upon the most important articles of 
Sacred Theology, and gave so much satisfaction by their answers, 
in the presence of the Messrs. Deputati Synodi, that they were 



2362 Ecclesiastical Records 

admitted to the Holy Office of preaching, and the administration 
of the Sacraments; but not until after they had declared them- 
selves to he orthodox, as regards the opinions of Prof. Roel,* and 
had signed the Formulae of Concord; and after Rev. Culenkamp 
had taken the oath of purging. They also agreed to conduct 
themselves in compliance with the resolution of the Synod of 
[N'orth Holland, 1726, regarding the reading of the three ques- 
tions in the Formula for the Baptism of Children. Thereafter, 
the three, called to the churches in foreign lands, were installed 
in their respective offices, x. 278. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Indian Affairs (Raretan). 

1726, Oct. 7th. The report (pre-advice) on the affairs of Rare- 
tan is as follows: 1. With respect to the letter written by the 
Complainants, with the cognizance of Revs. Du Bois, Antonides, 
Boel and Yas, the Committee are of the following opinion: 
(a.) As to the principal matter contained therein, that it ought 
to be answered nomine Classis. The Classis can make no reply 
to their letters until they have received an answer from Rev. 
Frilinghuysen, on the points of accusation sent in against him. 
To these, no reply could yet have reached us. 
(b.) Is'evertheless, some remarks ought to be made on their letter, 
for their better instruction; for they do not recognize the Classis 
as a competent judge, but only as an adviser; and have taken upon 
themselves to close one and another church. 

(c) Since this letter was written with the knowledge and con- 
sent of the ministers aforesaid, these also should be written to; 
and they should be recommended : 

1. To make every effort among these people that may be calcu- 
lated to inspire them wdth more temperate and peaceable ideas. 

2. To dissuade them from the ideas that the churches of New 

* The ministers comins: to America were from this time required to reject the 
errors of Prof. Boel, and subsequently of Dr. Bekker. This is the first allusion 
to this. 

OF THE State of Kew York. 2363 

N^etherland are independent, and not subject to the judgement 
of the Classis; nor consequently to any Synod; as likewise from 
the idea that the Classis was only their adviser, of whom counsel 
might occasionally be sought. 

3. To instruct them that the Classis of Amsterdam does not pay 
so much attention to the language of evil speaking persons, that 
they should deem it necessary to send over in their defense ex- 
tracts referring to the appointment of Rev. Frilinghuysen. 
To Rev. Freerman the committee will write suo nomine, 

1. That his pamphlet has been received, but they notice with 
grief great boastfulness therein, and but little that is of material 
importance; not to speak of many unseemly terms of vitupera- 
tion; and that they have derived little information therefrom. 

2. The committee will recommend that he admonish the Rev. 
Frilinghuysen to thoughts of greater moderation, and to a proper 
clearing of himself from the accusations against him; that he 
(Freeman) do not further foment this fire of dispute, as he has 
already done by this pamphlet, but that he abstain from vitupera- 
tion and vehemence, and that he let more modesty shine in his 

3. That in reference to the minister openly accused by him of 
Bekkerism, pp. 62, 63, on the supposition in all this, that he is 
writing in accordance mth truth, and not in passion, and vehe- 
mence, that he proceed in an orderly manner, according to the 

4. To ask him nomine Classis, what he means by his own, and 
the Rev. Bartholdt's approval of the book of Rev. Frilinghuysen; 
in what manner and on what grounds such approval is proclaimed ; 
inasmuch as the examining and approving of books is the province 
of Classis, but not of private ministers. Also, 

1. To notify Rev. Sandvoort that his pamphlet has been received; 
that it were desirable that so much agitation had not been made, 
and so slight an occasion had not been sought for publication, 
especially if done in so confused a manner. 



2364 Ecclesiastical Hecords 

2. To recommend him to keep quiet, and to admonish Rev. Fri- 
linghuysen, cum suis, to moderation and a proper defense. This 
report or reports, fpre-advice, or pre-advices) the Classis adopted 
and changed into a resolution of Classis, thanking their Deputies 
for their well directed endeavors, x. 281-283. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Honorable Peter Du Mont, Symon 
Wykhof, Tlendrick Yroom and Daniel Seberingh, October 7, 
1T26. xxviii. 253. 

Beloved Brethren: 

Some little time ago there came to our Classis a letter, signed 
by you, with the knowledge and endorsement of the Eevs. 
Du Bois, Antonides, Boel and Yas, which endorsement was dated 
November 2nd 1725. According to your own statement, this 
should have been transmitted at the same time as your book, styled 
the Klaghte, (or Complaint), etc.; and which indeed a letter 
might well have accompanied. But Classis was unwilling to make 
a point of this, if thereby they might the sooner help you. Your 
accusations, were extracted from that book of Complaint about 
three quarters of a year ago, and would have been sent at once 
with the book, to the Rev. Frilinghuysen, for his defence; but 
for lack of opportunity this could only be done in June of this 
year, or somewhere there about. 

That which you make known more particularly in this letter 
as confirmatory of your charges against Rev. Frilinghuysen, the 
Classis accepts as a Notification, and will therefore take up the 
treatment of the case in principale; but she cannot give answer 
to the questions proposed by you, before she receives and impar- 
tially considers the defence of the accused, which we have de- 
manded of him in the name of the Classis. You will therefore 
be pleased to exercise patience till then. 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2365 

"VTe have only now to tell yon, in the name of Classis, without 
referring to the principal matter, that it seems very strange, as 
you report in your letter, that you attempted to shut up your 
own, and another church, but which was afterward again occu- 
pied by your pastor. The Classis considers this a most disorderly 
proceeding, resembling very much the conduct of those who desire 
to be their own judges, and recog-nize no one else. This appears 
all the stranger, because done before you had asked or received 
any judgement of the Classis in the case, and so done only upon 
your own authority. You have had e\'il counselors in this mat- 
ter. We coimsel you, therefore, to keep yourselves from such 
things in the future, and rather consider what may tend to dimin- 
ish these fiery contentions, than to intensify them by such hos- 
tilities. Such conduct prepares a sure way for the entire loss of 
the liberty of your churches; and must also be a great offence to 
the people. Wait until Classis shall be able to give her judge- 
ment on the main issue. 

Your special care also not to recognize the Classis under her 
proper title and relation, as the Competent Judge, but only as 
your adviser, seems very remarkable to us. We trust that you 
do not imply thereby that you consider yourselves independent. 
The Church-Order of the Synod of Dort recognizes no independ- 
ent churches or members. We have expressed our opinion on 
this subject at greater length in a letter to your correspondents 
and endorsers. We trust they will allow themselves to be better 
informed on this subject, and also infuse into you, other senti- 
ments on this point. To this letter we refer you. Herewith 
commending you to God and the Word of his Grace and praying 
that you may have the liberty and unity of the Spirit, we remain, 

Beloved Brethren, 

Your Most Affectionate Brethren in Christ, 

Joh. Hagelis, Ecc. Amst. Deput ad res 

exteras, h. t. Praeses. 
Joh. Gresewyn Ebert Alstein, 

Ecc. Amst. Dep. ad res. ext. h. t. Scriba. 



2366 Ecclesiastical Records 

Acts of the Classis of AMSTEEDA:sr. 

Indian Affairs (Raretan). 

1726, Oct. 28th. There were also read by them (the Deputies) 
two letters, one to the aggrieved party at Raritan, and the other 
to the ministers of JSTew York. These were approved by the 
Classis, and the Rev. Deputies were again thanked, and requested 
to despatch them forth, x. 285. 

Rules fok Sabbath Observaxce at Albaxy. 

1726, Nov. 10. And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that one 
of the constables of the three wards of this city do by turns successively on the 
Lords Day in the time of Divine service walk tlirough the several streets and lanes 
of this city with his staff to prevent disorders or irregularities and noise especially 
near ye church, on penalty not exceeding six shillings for every person above ye 
age of fifteen, and on penalty not exceeding nine pence for every person from ye 
age of eight to fifteen for each default, for ye behoof of ye sheriff or constable 
who shall give information of ye defaulters. 

And be it further ordained by ye authority aforesaid, that such of ye constables 
who shall be remiss or negligent in putting this ordinance in execution shall for- 
feit for every offence twenty shillings for the behoof of ye sheriff. — Munsell's 
Annals of Albany, Vol. ix. p. l."5. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois, Antonides, Boel and 

Vas, December 1st 1726. xxviii. 265. 

To the Reverend Godly and Highly Learned Gentlemen, G. 
Du Bois, V. Antonides, H. Boel and P. Yas. 

Reverend Sirs and Beloved Brethren : — 

This letter serves as an accompaniment to the enclosed, which 
we request you to present to the Complainants at Raretans, being 
an answer to their letter to our Rev. Classis, written with your 
knowledge, and dated ;N"ovember 2, 1725. Hereby the Classis 
declares itself not to be able as yet, to answer the questions pro- 
pounded in said letter, — so far as they respect the principal mat- 
ter between the Complainants and Rev. Frilinghuysen — so long 
as she has not received the defence of Rev. Frilinghuysen, which 
has not yet arrived, because the Classis could not send off their 
letter to him before June last. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2367 

In the meantime we cannot help expressing our surprise at 
several things appearing in that letter. The first respects the 
shutting up of churches originally cared for bv these very Com- 
plainants. The Eev. Classis regards this as a very disorderly 
procedure, and not shovv^ing a spirit of gentleness. Without 
doubt, you v^ll be doing well to rebuke those people for such 
conduct, and to warn them against all similar flagrant acts in the 
future; for such acts can produce nothing but offence, and con- 
tempt of our church government among other people, and would 
pave the way for the churches to lose their liberty. 

Secondly, the Classis has not been able to refrain from observ- 
ing how anxious the Complainants are, and that too with your 
knowledge and approval, to show their unwillingness to recognize 
the Rev. Classis under the title, and in the relation, of Competent 
Judge. On the other hand they simply address us as an advisory 
Assembly, and that, too, after they have, by shutting up these 
churches, taken the matter in their own hands. What reasons 
are hidden behind all this, we can hardly conjecture. Is it pos- 
sible that, in case the decision of the Classis were not agreeable 
to them, they would still retain the liberty of not submitting to 
such decision, but would go before a secular tribunal, as the 
Preface of this Complaint indicates. But whatever the result 
may be, such expressions always seem to us to have the appear- 
ance of assuming independence; which is something not to be 
recognized by the Xetherland churches. 

It is said that Classis is not bound by its title, and — mark it 
well — 'by its position among churches under another (civil) 
power. But by such a style of argument the Xew York churches 
could be withdrawn altogether from the supervision and control 
of our Rev. Classis, and from under the control of all Synodical 
Assemblies, as well as from Classical, in this land, lest they should 
offend those other powers. But the authors of that letter do 
themselves furnish the solution of that difficulty, by saying, in 
conclusion, that the letters of privilege (the charters) granted 
by the Xev\^ York government to the Dutch churches, order that 

2368 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

tlie same shall regulate themselves according to the Synod of 
Dort. ]^ow the entire Church-Order of that Synod is built up 
upon the foundation of the subordination of church members to 
Consistories; of these to Classes; and cf these to the Synod, as 
you ver}' well know. 

And why indeed should the Classis not give a judicial decision, 
but only advice? And among other things, concerning these in 
particular: Whether the Rev. Frilinghuysen is to be tolerated 
as an orthodox minister in the Xetherlands Church? and conse- 
quently, whether the accusations of the Complainants which are 
brought against him, who is a pastor belonging to this Classis 
and in union with the general body of the same, — whether their 
accusations are well-founded and legal, and that therefore the 
accusers and complainers are to be praised and justified? or 
whether the accusations are unfounded, and the accusers are to 
be rebuked, condemned and severely censured? Who can sup- 
pose in such a case that the Eev. Classis does not occupy the posi- 
tion of Competent Judge? and that their decision of the case 
should not be regarded by the accusers as something far higher 
than mere ecclesiastical advice? These accusers are members of 
Frilinghuysen' s church. If the Classis is in such a matter only 
an adviser, who then is the judge? 

We, indeed, know that the Classis has no power to carry out its 
decisions, and to enforce them in particular cases, against those 
subject to a foreign power. But this does not take away our 
right to pronounce a decisive judgement in a matter of such a 
nature, and to which both parties are bound to submit; and this, 
moreover, not as to an impartial and well-founded piece of ad- 
vice: but as to an ecclesiastical decision, in consequence of subor- 
dination to Church-Order, which all are bound to recognize. 

Heretofore, in another case, it was considered strange to you, 
that Classis gave no decisive judgement. That does not well har- 
monize with this present claim, endorsed with your names, and 
having your approval. We therefore judge it only fair that you 

OF THE State of 'N^w York. 2369 


reconsider your conduct, and inspire the writers of that letter with 

other opinions. 

It also seems to ns that the Classis was not exactly pleased 
with those hateful expressions which in that letter are hurled 
in her face — yet as if said by others — that she has nieces and 
nephews; and it is only of her grace that any of them are sent 
here. Y^e do not think that the Classis was much disturbed by 
such language of evil-speaking persons, — who would also, when it 
came to the test, deny their utterances, as is generally the case 
with such people, — that she deems it necessary, for her defence, 
to transmit the extracts concerning the appointment of Freling- 
huysen. You are also well aware that the sending of any one 
to the foreigTi field is not generally considered a particular mark 
of favor to them. 

It grieves us to the soul to perceive the great divisions and 
grievous disputes which exist in the church of Earitans, and which 
are only too evident to us; on the one side, from the Complaint 
(against Frelinghuysen) ; and on the other, from the prolix and 
one-sided books of the Revs. Freeman and (Yan) Zantwoord, 
which have been published in opposition to said Complaint, and 
also placed before us. To these writers also, we have given notice 
by letter, of our righteous sorrow and dissatisfaction, concerning 
these violent and spreading disputes, and the party-spirit excited 
thereby. We have exhorted them as well as yourselves to more 
pacific thoughts and sentiments. 

May the Lord be merciful to his churches, and may he grant 
that peace may perpetually reign in our own. In closing, we 
commend you to God and the Word of his grace. We remain 
Kev. Sirs and Brethren, 

Your affectionate and obedient Brethren in Christ, 

John Hagelis, Ecc. Amst. Dep. ad res exteras. h. t. Praeses. 

John Goesero, Clerk, p. t. and Ecc. Amst. Dep. ad res exteras. 

Dec. 1, 1726. 

2370 Ecclesiastical Records 


P. S. Since writing the present letter, certain others have just 

turned up from your regions, wherein we find a different style 
of expression in regard to the decisions of our Rev. Classis, of 
which we give you some extracts : 

Extract of a letter written to our Classis from ISTew York, 
December 15, 1698. 

"Although our church is now under his Royal Majesty of 
Great Britain, nevertheless we are not thereby cut off from your 
Church (of Holland) nor from ecclesiastical correspondence with 
you. Our different parties, as appears from Xo. 18, appeal to 
the judgement of your Classis, which is made the Competent 
Judge. We are content with your decision, for the sake of 
peace, etc., etc.'' 

Signed by Ilenricus Selyns, Pastor, and by four elders. 

Extract of a letter written to our Classis from New York 
April 24, 1700. 

"We the undersigned, entrusted with God's Church, and never 
having experienced any dispute in our church or consistory, be- 
seech you that you will take pity, and spend a few hours to for- 
mulate some resolution, or to pronounce some sentence, after the 
resumption of allegiance, etc., etc." 

Signed by Henry Selyns, Pastor, and by eleven members of the 

Extract from a letter of the Consistory of Schoonectade, dated 
September 4, 1700, without mention of place. 

" But seeing that we are all ministers who have been delegated 
by the Consistory and Classis of Amsterdam, and so are members 
of one and the same Classis; we are therefore bound, in this view, 
to recognize your ecclesiastical Assembly as our Competent Judge, 
to whom we are bound to refer all our church disputes. There- 
fore we can recognize no one as belonging to that corporation, 

OF THE State of Kew York. 2371 

except those who recognize the same Classis as the one to which 
our church difficulties must be referred." 

Signed, Henricus Selyns, 

Gualterus Du Bois. 

Ceassis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. B. Freeman^ December 

1st 1726. xxviii. 269. 
Reverend and Much Loved Brother : — 

We duly received your letter of April 27th of the present year, 
with the enclosed book" which you have written in your own 
defence, against certain assertions made in the book styled " The 
Complaint, etc.'' AVe have taken the trouble to peruse your book, 
but to tell you the truth, with very little satisfaction, because so 
little appears therein to the point. Besides, partizanship shows 
itself on every page; while the improper and coarse vituperative 
expressions which frequently met us, were an offence to us, and 
could tend only to embitter the minds of the other side. We 
think that by this publication, you have only further fomented 
the quarrel, instead of doing something to extinguish it. We 
must also say that we have gotten but little light therefrom, in 
regard to the principal matter of dispute. You would have won 
our esteem if you had exhibited any evidences of the ending of 
this difficulty, or if you had conducted your defence with some 
order, modesty, and adherence to the point. You will now do 
w^ell, if in every possible way, you shall seek to bring the Rev. 
Frelinghuysen with his friends, to moderate and peaceful 
thoughts, and to his presentation of a proper defence against the 
accusations. We recommend you not to stir up this flame any 
more, as you have done, but to refrain from the use of all vitu- 
perative and violent language, and to let modesty shine forth in 
all your conduct. 

* The title is " Verdediding ", or " Defence against the Church of Raretan, 1726." 
18mo. pp. 126. 



2372 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Especially did it seem to its deplorable, tliat you should have 
openly accused some one, and as it seems, a minister, of hetero- 
doxy, pp. 62, 63. Oh that, in all these things, the assertion might 
be according to truth, and not done in passion and violence. If 
you have absolute certainty as to this, you know very well that 
such a charge must be conducted in a different manner; must be 
regularly brought forward before the right tribunal. If the facts 
are as intimated, we recommend you to pursue this course. 

^e have indeed informed classis of the receipt of your book, 
but as not belonging to her province, she has made no remarks 
thereon. But the Classis charges us to submit to you the ques- 
tion and to demand information from you and Rev. Bartholf, and 
which we now do in the name of the Classis, as to the approbation 
which you have given to a certain book of Rev. Frelinghuysen. 
In what manner and on what grounds did this take place; for the 
examination and approbation of books are duties belonging to 
Classis, according to our Church-Order, and not to private indi- 

Herewith, after wishing you all prudence and peaceableness, 
with a rich measure of Jehovah's blessing and spirit, for the edifi- 
cation of God's Church, we remain. 

Reverend and Much-loved Brother, 

Your Servant and Brother, 

John Hagelis, Ecc. Amst. Dep. 
ad res exteras, h. t. Praeses. 

Classis of A:mstekdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Cornelius Van Santvoordt, 
December 1st 1726. xxviii. 270. 

Reverend and Much Loved Brother : — 

Your conununication, imder date of June 14 of this year, duly 
came to hand, together with the little book, styled "Dialogue 

OF THE State of 'Nbw York. 2573 

about the Complaint of the Baritans, etc.^j of which book we 
perceive that you are the author. This is the third book which 
has now reached us from jour regions. By these we understand 
that the flames of discord are also burning among ministers, al- 
though they, as ministers of peace, ought to be of peaceful dispo- 

When we perceived in your letter the reasons which induced 
you to write so large a book; and which only amounts to this, that 
you thought yourself to have been insulted, as you say; we were 
astonished, that you should take so much trouble, and go to so 
much expense, in order still further to stir up the flames of con- 
tention, instead of magnanimously disregarding any supposed in- 
sults which may have been offered you. Be not surprised that 
we call your act a stirring up of contention, although you say so 
much about Peace. For your opponents are treated in such a 
manner, in your book, that they will also think themselves to have 
been insulted; and they may think it necessary to make a re- 
joinder; and in such a way discord becomes not less, but more. 

The reading of the book was a painful task to us, because of 
little order and accuracy observed in it. Matters which one 
thinks will soon be disposed of regularly, are constantly inter- 
rupted by all manner of digressions, which distract attention, and 
in which there are many things which are quite immaterial. 

Among other things, your object is, we perceive, to defend 
Rev. Frilinghuysen. How well you may have done this, we need 
not inquire, since we soon hope to see his own defence, by which 
we must really judge his case. We must see how he defenda 
himseK, and not how he is defended by you. 

We had indeed observed, even before we received your book, 
that it is a case of '^ Biacos intra muros precatur (peccatur) o (non 
et) extra: and all the light which we have obtained therefrom, 
only confirms us in our opinion, without yet deciding on which 
side lies the most blame. 



2374 Ecclesiastical Records 

We have given notice to Classis of the receipt of your book, 
and have informed them of its contents, although not because we 
thought it necessary, because of the character of its contents; but 
only because, as a committee, we must report everything that 
comes before us in that capacity. Therefore also Classis simply 
received our statement as information. 

In the latter part of your book you suggest propositions of 
peace. If you are able to contribute anything towards peace you 
will gain more esteem from us than by such writings as this. 
You will do well to impress upon Eev. Frilinghuysen, who is your 
friend, thoughts of peace and gentleness. Exhort liim also to a 
modest and concise defence of himself, against so many and pecu- 
liar charges. Thus the Classis may be properly informed and 
enabled to judge wisely. 

Wishing the Lord's rich blessing upon you and on your sacred 
office, and once more earnestly admonishing you to do everything 
in your power for edification, and to give peace to the churches, 
now so greatly disturbed, we subscribe ourselves, 

Etc., etc. 

Reformed Dutch Church of Xew York. 

1726, Dec. 27. Second Appointment of Mr. Barend de Forest as Dutch School- 

He was appointed for the year 1727, on the same conditions as January 9, 1726, 

with these alterations: 

When application was made by the parents of poor children, their names were 
to be taken in writing, and they were not to be received, at the cost of the Church, 
until the Consistory had first approved the application. 

" For teaching the children of the poor, it is agreed that you shall draw salary 
from the Rev. Consistory, according to the instruction they receive, and as Is 
usual with other Dutch Schoolmasters in this City; so much, for one who learns 
only to read; and so much for one who learns also to write; and so much for one 
who learns also to cypher. And whether any child of the poor shall learn also 
writing or cyphering must be by the approval of one of the Ministers. Four cords 
of fire- wood was provided for the winter." 

If any of the poor children remain away from school, the reasons were to be 
inquired into, and whether it was with the knowledge of the parents; so that the 
parents may take order thereon; and if any of these children are often absent, 
and the parents do not remedy it, notice must be given to the Consistory. 

\ ' 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2375 

Lists of the parents whose children are taught at the expense of the Consistory 
are to be given quarterly to the Consistory, in the reckoning, and what each one 
studies, that it may be properly known to the Consistory, or to the Deacone, for 

In the name of the Rev, Consistory, 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeee*. 

I, the undersigned accept this appointment, whereof the original has been given 
me, In the fear of the Lord, and with hearty gratitude to Rev. Consistory. 

Barend de Forest. 
New York, 

December 29, 1726. — Lib. A. 241. 

Dutch Church of ISTew York. 

Jan. 12, 1726-7. (1727.) 

After calling npon God's name, it was determined bv the Con- 
sistory that Do. HenriciTS Boel, p. t. praeses, Do. dn Bois, elder 
Cornelius Provoost, deacon Henry Y. D. Spiegel, and church- 
master Harmanus Rutgers be a committee to represent to his 
Excellency, our Governor Burnet, that it was resolved to build 
a new church, and humbly to ask him to approve of the under- 
taking and favor it ^\dth his protection. 

In the name, etc. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. praeses. 

Jan. 15, 1726-7. (1727.) 

After calling on God's name, the Consistory was informed by 
the above named committee, that they had on Friday morning, 
the 13th inst., addressed his Excellency, and that he replied that 
he had no objection, that the Church might proceed with the 
building, and that he wished them good success. 

Jan. 26, 1726-7. (1727.) 

Resolved, by the Ruling Consistory, that instead of going 
around in the congregation according to the act of Feb. 12, 
1725-6, (1726), the building shall be commenced (with funds) 



Ecclesiastical Records 

out of the Chiircli Treasury; and the Deacons shall therefore 
demand payment of the following bonds due the Church : 





Paulus Vander Beck, 



Mathewis Bensing, 



Joshua D. Laplyn, 



Widue Peartree, 



Auth. Lespenaar, 


Wm. Buyl, 





Johannis Slingerlandt, 



Joost Yan Teyse, 


Joris Eappelie, 



Johannes Teller, 



Petrus Kip, . 


Philip Hoogteling, 


Isaac Stoutenburgh, 



Sam. Fish, 


Lawrence Wessels, 



Eichard Aelsop, 



Abraham De Lansey, 


Joseph Sackit, 



Chs. Sleigh, 


Gerrit Aertse, 



Abraham Van Gelder, 

, 23. 


Barent Benthuysen, 



Pranz Garrebrantus, 


Isaac Kip, 



Leonard De Kleyn, 


Wm. Appel, 




Liber B 

. p. 63. 

Tuesday, March 7, 1726-7. (1727). 

Consistory held. After calling upon God's name, it w^as Re- 
solved to hold a Great Consistory on the coming Thursday, in 
order to determine, with them : 

1. How the 'New Church shall be built. 

2. Whether it shall be on the ground the Consistory has 

3. Whether it shall be a plain octagon, or an oblong octagon, 
or an oblong square. 

4. Finally, how large it shall be. 

OF THE State of j^ew York. 2377 

It was ordered, that the following memorandum should be re- 
corded in the (Church) Book : 

Messrs. Col. Provoost, Mr. H. vander Spiegel and Mr. Abram 
Lefferts have, in the name of the Consistory, passed a bond, under 
the seal of the Church and by its authority, to pay to Mr. Abram 
Gouverneur, one hundred pounds, ISTew York currency, besides 
the interest, as by the bond itself further appears, for Mr. Isaac 
de Riemer, to release him from his confinement. They have also 
paid the costs; for which bond and costs they have received from 
Mr. Peter Tounemans, a bond, amounting to the sum of one 
hundred and sixty three pounds, nineteen shillings, to be paid on 
the 27th of Jan. 1728-9. (1729.) This is now in the hands of 
the Deacons. 

That it may api^ear that the foregoing was done with the au- 
thority of the Consistory, it is thought proper to have it set down 
here in the Church Book. This was done this 7th of March, 
1726-7 (1727) in the Consistory (meeting). 

Witness, G. du Bois. 

Liber B. 64. 

Thursday, March 9, 1726-7, (1727.) 

Great Consistory Held. Absent: Cornelius De Peyster, of 
the Ruling Consistory; and Jacob Boele, Leonard Huige de 
Klein, Jacob Yan Cortlandt, Samuel Bayard, Jan Wanshaar, 
Harmanus Yan Gelder, Andries Abramse, Jacob Ten Eyck, John 
Yan Home, Guysbert Yan Inbury, Abrm. Keteltas, John Kerf- 

byl, Benj. "Wynkoop, Cornelius Yan Home, sorx, laan 

Marbury, Cornelius Low and Jacob Moonen, of the former Con- 
sistory. — Present : Elders John Cruger, John Hardenbrook and 
Wm. Provoost; Deacons, Gerrit Keteltas, Abm. Leifers, Hen- 
drick Yander Spiegel and Abrm. Yan Yleck; Churchmasters : 
Bernard Smith, Harmanus Rutgers, Abm. Yan Wyck and Paul 
Richard; of the Ruling Consistory; and Mcholas Roosevelt, Isaac 


2378 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Kip, Andries Marsclialk, Philip Van Cortland, Christ. Banker, 
Ahr. Boeie, Jacob Goelet, Gerrit Van Hoorn, Abrm. Van Hoorn, 
John Vander Heul, Adrian Man, Antony Eutgers, Chs. La Eon, 
Jan Eosevelt, Wm. Eoseboom, Oliver Teller, Jacob Eosevelt 
and Michael Vaagton of the Old Consistory. 

After calling on God's name, those present Eesolved, 

1. The building shall be begun out of the money in the Dea- 
cons' chest, to which shall be added two and twenty hundred 
pounds, JSTew York currency, if that sum can be obtained. 

2. The Church shall be a four-sided oblong. 

3. It shall be built on the ground bought for it, to the north 
of the French Church. (This French Church was on the corner 
of Nassau and Pine Sts. ; the new Dutch Church was on Nassau St. 
extending from Cedar to Liberty Sts., known as the Post-Office 
from 1844-1875.) 

4. It shall be one hundred feet long, and seventy eight feet 
broad, both measured on the inside. 

5. Finally : The Great Consistory leaves the farther direction 
of all (things) to the Euling Consistory, and that the earliest 
progress be made with the building of this l^ew Church. 

Witness, in the name, etc. 

G. du Bois, p. t. praeses. 

Liber B. (yo. 

March 9, 1726-7. (1727.) 

After the Great Consistory had withdrawn, the Euling Con- 
sistory at once appointed John Van der Heul director of the 
building, to supervise the whole, and to execute the written reso- 
lutions of the Consistory from time to time. Teunis Tiebout was 
appointed Master-Carpenter, and Cornelius Turk, Master-Mason : 
all three upon suitable salaries as the Consistory shall arrange. 
Each accepted his appointment. 

OF THE State of !New York. 2379 

March 16, 1726-7. (1727.) 

After calling on God's name, Resolved, That the Deacons 
shall from time to time, pay out of the Church's Treasury, to 
Mr. John Yander Heul, Director, such sums as shall be required. 

March 16, 1726-7. (1727.) 

After calling on the Lord's name, the Consistory took up again 
the act of the 7th of March, in order to give in writing, to Mr. 
Yander Heul the agreement, by which he is to be Director of the 

Since it is by all means necessary to have a true and tried man 
for Overseer and Director of the whole work, under the Con- 
sistory, and the Consistory, with full confidence, has requested 
you, J. Yander Heul, to undertake it, and you have consented 
thereto; so, now, the Consistory by this VTiting, appoints you 
for Overseer and Director on the following conditions : 

1. Conscientiously to do everything to the best of your ability, 
to the advantage of God's Church, even as we trust in you. 

2. In matters of importance, or where you judge it needful, 
to apply, through the Praeses, in time to consult ^vith the Con- 
sistory, and to carry out in the best manner their resolutions, as 
given to you in writing, from time to time. 

3. That you keep a strict account of everything. 

4. That from time to time you make a statement of matters to 
the Consistory. 

5. The Deacons mil, from tim^e to time, place a smn of money 
in your hands. 

6. Of this, you will give an account to the Consistory, when 

7. All workmen, whether with teams or otherwise shall be 
wholly imder your direction, and obey your order as that of the 

8. It is hereby committed to you to agree, at the best price, 
for all material, and to provide capable workmen, except the 



2380 Ecclesiastical Records 

Master-Carpenter and Master-Mason, with whom the Consistory 
will make agreement. 

New York, March 22, 1726-7. (1727.) 
Consistory held — not more than five of the Elders, Deacons 
and Churchmasters being present, besides the Ministers. It was 
unanimously Resolved, That Mr. Yander Heul shall proceed with 
the agreement concerning timber; and that this order shall be 
still further confirmed at the next meeting. 

The Palati:n^e Lutheean^ Chukch of Quassaick Call Rev. 
Wm. C. Berkenmyee to Officiate Twice a Year. March 
30, 1727. [JS^ewburgh.] 

Litra. C. 1. His late Excellency William Cosby, His Honour Q. Clark, His 

Honourable Excellency George Clinton, have been graciously pleased, to allow our 
present Minister, Leave and Permission in the Lawfull Functions of his Vocation. 

LItra. C. 2. The aforesaid Unions-Contract: 

In the name of the Holy Trinity: We underwritten Trustees of the Palatine 
Parish at Quassaick Zacharias Hofmann and Tobyas Wygand on the one part and 
the Consistory of the Protestant Lutheran Congregation of New York, of the 
other Part, Make this Contract and Covenant. Whereas we Lutherans in the 
Highlands dwelling on the two thousand one hundred and ninety Acres of Land 
granted by a Patent, bearing Date the ISth December 1709 not being able to 
maintain a Minister amongst ourselves; That the aforesaid Consistory being 
pleased to receive us Into their Communion, does consent, that the Lutheran 
Minister of New York at his going to and from Albany, may come twice a Year 
among us, and minister to us in his holy Function, for which Service we promise 
to pay him yearlj' the Rents and profits of the five hundred Acres Glebe Land, 
according to the Agreement with the Tenants thereof: As we do likewise herewith 
by the Power and Authority given to us by the aforesaid Patent Call. Coustirute 
and Receive Mr. William Chrlstoffer Berkenmyer p. -f- Lutheran Minister of New 
York, for our lawfull Teacher of the Parish of Quassaik, to minister unto us, twice 
a year, after the manner aforesaid, as well in preaching the holy Gospel purely, 
according to the Holy Scripture and the Symbolical Books of our Lutheran Church, 
as in Administering the Holy Sacraments to ChristI Institution, and practising the 
usual Ceremonies of the fellow Believers of the unalterable Confession of Augs- 
burg. Promising Likewise to pay to him the Income of the five hundred Acres 
aforesaid as soon as any there shall arise, and acknowledge him not only as our 
Teacher, but also the Authority given to him by the aforesaid Patent, as also 
whenever he lands on the shore to receive him and bring him back on board of 
the Vessell. 

Moreover, since hitherto we can make no use of the Bell, given to our Parlsk 
aforesaid, we therefore give the said Bell, by Oral Pei-mission of his Excellency 
William Burnet, Esq. etc. to the Lutheran Church at New York. However oa 
this Condition, If It should happen, that by Increase of our Lutheran Congrega- 
tion In this place, we should be able to build a Church of our own, at any time 
hereafter, that then the Lutheran Church of New York shall be obliged, either 
to restore us the same Bell, In such condition as now it is, or else to buy and 
send us another of the same weight and value. And the same Church of New 
York is never to leave us destitute ct n Minister, but always iu their Cnll for a 
Minister, and also in his Ministration to acknowledge us as Brethren, unless It 
appears that their Minister be not truly of the unalterable Confession of Augs- 

OF THE State of j^ew York. 2381 

burg or should want sufficient Credentials to demonstrate to be such an one. 
Then in such Case we will not be obliged to perform any of the Articles contained 
in this Presents. In confirmation of all this, we the Trustees first above men- 
tioned, as also the Minister and Consistory of the Protestant Lutheran Congre^- 
tion of the City of New York have interchnngeably put our hands and seals this 
thirtieth Day of March in the thirteenth Tear of His Majestys Reign Annoq Dm. 

Nicholas Bogardus Zacharyas Hoffman 

Dlt is het merk dat is het Merck 

X X 

van Joh. Jargen Maus. van Tobyas Wygand. 

Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us 

Lauren van Boskerk, Johannes La Gransie. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 355. 358. 

Dutch Church of Iln'ew York. 

In Eegard to Ti:>iber. 

ISTew York, April 5tli, 1727. 

Consistory held — after calling on God's name. The Kesolu- 
tion of March 22, in relation to Mr. Vander Heurs making a 
contract concerning the timber, since the Consistory was then 
not full, is now confirmed in this manner: That the Consistory 
fully authorizes Mr. Yander Heul to agree with James Hindes, 
and to pass bonds with him, that the contract may be satisfied on 
both sides. The Deacons are willing to provide for payment on 

the terms fixed. 

Gr. du Bois, p. t. Praeses. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies. 
Extracts from a Letter of Frelinghuysen, dated April 6, 1727. 
(In answer to Letter of Classis, June, 1726. Yol. xxviii. 247.) 
[The original letter, not found.] 

Portfolio ^^:N"ew York'' YoL i. xxii— 137, 142. 

Extracts from a letter from Rev. Erelinghuysen, minister at 
Raritan, dated April 6, 1727 containing 

1. An announcement of the receipt of our letter and expres- 
sion of satisfaction at our action, and of joy, because of his 
defense, admitted before us. 



2382 Ecclesiastical Records 

2. A preface about tlie origin of the '^ Complaint ", (Klagte), 
which he considers to be pure hatred and enmity. This he 
proves, by the treatment he has received from Eev. (Henricus) 
Boel; Boel addressed himself only to his (Frelinghuy sen's) ene- 
mieSj without wanting even to hear him; and as to the contents 
(of the Complaint), this he declares to be full of made-up lies, 
which he will clearly indicate in his " Refutation ", (TTederleg- 
ging), which will be published, in addition to those already given 
out by Eevs. Zantvoord and Freeman. Thereupon follows an 
account of the method of procedure of his accusers, closing his 
churches, etc.; with a declaration that he knows it as certainly as 
he writes it, that the list of the signers constitutes a lot of impious 
persons, the scum of those four congregations, except some, who 
have been misled, who were deceived by their lies, and who are 
now again his adherents. 

He shows also by means of an accompanying testimonial from 
one of the cousins (neven) of Rev. Boel, how Boel was disposed 
towards him. He denounced his teachings as papistical, and dis- 
suaded his cousin from hearing him. 

3. His justification (ver ant wo or ding.) 

A. Concerning those things which were only adduced by us 
in general. 

1. Regarding the imprudent expressions : 

(1) In the pulpit; that no one repented: he thinks that this 
only originated from a quotation of Jer. S: 6, '' I^o one repented 
of his wickedness, saying, What have I done ? '' Others are mere 
lies; some distorted — to which things were added, or from which 
things were taken away. This can entirely change, yea, reverse 
the very sense. 

(2) With sick people : 

a. That that is a lie, which is found on page one hundred: (of 
the printed " Complaint ") ; for the man did not ask him to pray, 
but was at ease; whereupon he warned him, that true faith did 
Qot consist in self-conceit for self confidence; inbeeldins:). 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2383 

b. As to C. Pauwlten, page one hundred: — That this is a lie^ 
he can prove bv the man himself; and by two other pious men, 
who were present. 

2. The defending of Schuurman he justifies; because it (the 
accusation) was never proved to him; but he was, indeed, accused 
of many things not true ; and his words were perverted. 

B. Concerning the seventeen Articles, proposed to him by us, 
as needing justification (verantwoording) : 

1. Eeplying to the first; he acknowledges the truth of the 
matter laid to his charge; but he can see no evil in it — 

(1) That we should keep a man at a distance (from the table), 
for a w^hile, with whom there has been a dispute, although it 
may have been settled, to see if the reconciliation is sincere. 

(2) It was but a simplex abstentio, whereby one is held off 
(from the Supper) provisionally, and by way of admonition; while 
it was impracticable for him to observe all the formalities in the 
case, the action was done by the Consistory. 

(3) Because he showed himself angry about his being censured; 
and was not at all humbled for his quarreling and cursing. 

The charge of bluntly saying ^'Yes^^, he acknowledges also; 
but he says this with specification as to the person, and how it 

2. Concerning the second point : 

(1) As to the election of the Consistory contrary to Church- 
Order : he denies this, and says, that he cannot help that liars tell 
untrue things about it, that he (Frelinghuysen) has no more 
privileges than any one else; and has also been outvoted; and that 
in the change of the mode of the calling (election?) of the Con- 
sistory, not by the congregation but by the Consistory in office, 
he thinks, on the other hand, that he was strictly in accord with 
the Church-Order, Article 22. (The Elders shall be chosen by 
the suft'rages of the Consistory and of the Deacons, etc.) 



2384 Ecclesiastical K-ecokds 

(2) As to the election and installing of Deacon (Hendrick) 
Fischer, he replies^ 

a. That he was lawfully elected by a majority of votes. 

b. That a Consistory meeting was held to consider the accusa- 
tion, but that the accusers did not agree. 

c. That the installation occurred with the approval of the Con- 
sistory of Six Mile Eun, to which it was ref en'ed for decision. 

d. That in this Eischer, there shone forth a humble wisdom 
and modest piety; and that he (Frelinghuysen) would have been 
yielding to Satan, if he had not installed him. 

3. To the third point : That he suspended this woman, in the 
presence of his elder, for an evil maxim (grondstelling), that a 
man must be saved by his own good works. For this also she 
was rebuked by the elder. 

4. To the fourth point : 

(1) That he in the face of all her professions, knew well 
enough that she belonged to that people; but from ignorance. 

(2) Also that she was a perfidious woman (valsch wyf), who 
after she had acknowledged that she had been against him, and 
had humbled herself therefor, subsequently became quite as 
malignant as before. 

5. To the fifth point : That this woman was unable to answer 
a single word to his questions; that he had, indeed, (not?) ac- 
cepted her certificate; nevertheless he had said that he would 
admit her if she could give him some account of her knowledge 
and faith. This treatment he thinks is in accord with Article 31 
(61) of the Constitution;* and such is the opinion of several 
ministers, whom he quotes. 

What is called by the Complainants a Second Confession (of 
Faith), was with him only an examination, and an account of her 

* Article 61. " No person shall be admitted to the Lord's Supper, but those who 
make a confession of their faith in the Reformed Religion, agreeably to the prac- 
tice of the churches to which they are to unite, and who also have the testimony 
of a pious deportment; without which also none coming from other churches shall 
be received." 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2385 

experience (rekenschap-geven). But the former, (a new Con- 
fession) was not deemed necessary by him, as is confirmed by an 

6. To the sixth point : That nevertheless he baptized the 
child, and that not only in this baptism, but in that of all, he no 
longer said ^^Amen " ; but in reference to this he would gladly 
concede to those who were offended; nevertheless he did not find 
that he was obliged to say ''Amen" either by Matt. 28, nor by 
our Formula. 

The return of the certificate was because that woman remained 
disobedient, and railed at the elders, who admonished her like 
a fish-woman. He asked her, if her Christianity consisted of her 
certificate; and when she said. Yes, she received from him in 
reply, that he would see to it that she had her Christianity re- 
turned to her; which was done. 

7. That the reading of Schuurman's name in the Church, with 
those of the others who were becoming members, was omitted, 
not of set purpose, but from f orgetfulness. 

8. That he had not disapproved the teaching of the " Our 
Father" (the Lord's Prayer) as a form to use in prayer; but he 
had disapproved the reciting it by rote, without explanation of 
its sense, its power, and its general purport. 

That he has never been willing to encourage the popish super- 
stition so common there, that no prayer ought ever to be 
offered without this (Lord's) prayer being recited with it, as if 
there were a peculiar efficacy in those very words; but, on the 
contrary, that he is not opposed to the use of that prayer, he 
proves by his own practice; and he says, that he agrees in this 
with Calvin, Amesius, Alting and others. 

9. That he only refused this (baptism to children) when the 
postponement was caused by a person's ovni neglect; so as not 



2386 Ecclesiastical Records 

to encourage contempt and indifference; that lie did not like to 
administer baptism in other places, when the regular pastors 
were present, but only in their absence. 

10. The tenth point: He says that there and everywhere in 
that country it is known to be a lie; while Goulet, (Goelet) having 
been inquired of by many in regard to the matter, had denied it. 

11. That in this book it is the abuse of the formula which is 

12. That the cause of all this dissension is, that some are con- 
verted by the doctrines of Christ, and others not; and that the 
former resist the latter, in their sins; and therefore the dissension 
does not proceed from the doctrine itself, but incidentally from 
the wickedness of men; that the complaining fathers are persons 
openly godless, hardening themselves against all censure and 

13. That he had often quoted the answer to the eighty-second 
question;^ but that he had never said, that he, (Frelinghuysen) 
after the Catechisation had made use of the words charged 
against him; but he had endeavored to urge the youth to early 
piety; and he had said that it was indecent to sacrifice one's 
young life, to Satan, the World and the flesh; and then to wish 
to offer his unsavory old age to God, so that only the worst of life 
is given to God, and not the best, etc. 

14. As to the winking (beckoning) : He acknowledges that 
such took place. This was done in order to give notice, that he 

• Question 82. Are they also to be admitted to this Supper, wlio by confession 
and life declare themselves infidels and ungodly? 

Ans. No; for by this the Covenant of God would be profaned, and his wrath 
kindled against the whole congregation; therefore, it is the duty of the Christian 
Church, according to the appointment of Christ and his apostles, to exclude such 
persons, by the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, till they show amendment of 

OF THE State of IsTew Yoex. 238Y 

wished that more would come to a table at one time, so that the 
service should not last too long. Once it did happen that some 
one received the cup instead of the bread; but this was a mere 

His saying that natural men had no right to the Lord's Sup- 
per, he acknowledges; but this was done without due reflection. [?] 

He showed that he esteemed the members of the Consistory- 
worthy of the communion by installing them; but whether they 
had a right to it depended upon their own experiences. This was 
at first; but now they all partake (of the Supper.) 

15. That he and Schuurman are clear and entirely innocent 
in that matter; he offers to confirm this by an oath, although he 
fears such things. And he also proves his innocence by the 
acquittal of the Grand Juries, by whom the affair was investi- 
gated in the Supreme Court. He declares that he had never 
seen the paper of W. Van Yegten, but had heard that it was read 
to some of the members of the Consistory at a funeral. But he is 
of the opinion that a Consistory convinced of the fidelity and piety 
of their pastor, is not bound to give heed to every loose sus- 
picion. The other lies he passes by. 

16. To the sixteenth point: That the lawfulness of the ex- 
communication was already proved by Revs, Freeman and Sant- 
voord; that Claus Hageman as well as the others were cited, but 
this is eliminated from the Complaint. That he did not consult 
Classis, in reference to this excommunication, arose from the fact 
that he learned from all the '^ Systemata " that this is the work of 
the overseers, that is, the Consistory (Elders.) 

He places this Canon of the Church-ordinances, under the head 
of the Circumstantial and Alterable Matters of the Church : that 
the Synod of Dort, Article eighty-six, itself acknowledges, that 
these Articles were so formed and adopted, that if the benefit 
of the church require it, (and this was now the case in his opin- 

2388 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


ion) they may and ought to be changed, by enlargement or 


17. To the last point : That it is necessary to cite by letter in 
that country. 

That threatening has never seemed to him unpermissible from 
(the example of) and according to the Word of God. 

That he has never been able to see, that sharp expressions were 
at variance with the spirit of gentleness. This he establishes by 
the example of the Lord Jesus and Paul. 

However he is confident, that in our charitableness, we will be 
willing to over-look a harsh expression; since he knows he is a 
man of like passions with all others. 

That he did not sign the first letter of citation, although he 
was present, on the advice of Rev. Freeman; and that the ex- 
communication was done reluctantly, but with the approval of 
Rev. Freeman, and by the unanimous vote of the Great Con- 

lY. The conclusion of the letter embraces, 

1. A declaration of submission to our admonition to peace. 

2. A request for an impartial judgement upon what has been 

published regarding his case. 

3. He thanks us for our wish for blessings on him. 

4. A wish from him for a blessing upon us. 

T. F. Frilinghuysen. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Examination [Aegidius Luik or Luyck.] 

1727, April 7th. Revs. Henricus te Rey, Cornelius Drinkvelt, 
John van der Broek, Egidius Luik, Henricus Suik, and Marcus 
Jacobus Broen, Sacrae Theologiae Studiosi, each preached a ser- 
mon on the text given him, and gave so much satisfaction, that 
the Assembly admitted them all to examination. In this they 
answered all the questions, and objections put to them by the 

OF THE State of ]S[ew York. 2389 

Examiner, so readily, that the Rev. Assembly accepted them all 
without objection as Candidati Ministerii, and a laudable certifi- 
cate will be given to each of them. The Rev. Examiner was 

The examinees took the oath of purging, and signed the For- 
mulae of Concord; repudiated the condemned opinions of Pro- 
fessor Roell, and agreed to read the Formulae of Baptism and 
the Supper without alteration, x. 297. 

Diploma of Ordination, Given by a Congregational Council 
AT IN'ew Haven, to John Van Driessen, to Preach in the 
Manors of Livingston and Van Rensselaer, April 13, 


Omnibus in Christo fidelibus hie et ubique has presentes in- 
specturis, salutem in Domino. Yobis notum sit quod nos IN'eo- 
Portensis in Colonia Connecticutensi comitatus presbyteri un- 
decim numero totidemque ecclesiarum pastores in unam ad con- 
stitutum predictae coloniae associationem formati unumque in 
locum in aula sc. gymnasii Yalensis conventi, dominum Johannem 
Yan Driessen Belgicum Lug. Batavorum educatum, ac nobis ex- 
amini sufficienti caute exploratum, testimonium item de morum 
probitate ecclesiastico bene cognitione in officium et munus min- 
isterii evangelici precibus ad celeste numen animatus et admotus, 
manumque impositione, et Domine nostri Jesu, altissimi nomine 
avocavimus, segregavimus et ordinavimus. Ac in peculiare ser- 
vitium Christianorum D. D. Livingston and Rensellaer domi- 

natum olentium cordate commendamus et renunciamus. 

In cujus rei testimonium has literas moreatoris hujus associationis 
ejusdemque scribae hominibus signatis et firmatas omnes unicae 
voluimus ac destimus. 

Samuel Russel, 
Jonathan Arnold, Moderator. 

April 13, 1727. 



2390 Ecclesiastical Records 

Dutch Ciiuech of ISTew Yoek. 

New York, April 13, 1727. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. Agreed with 
Tennis Tiebonwt as Master-Carpenter, and with Cornelius Tnrk 
as Master-Mason, as to what each one shall receive daily as wages, 
for their care and pains and direction of those who are under 
them : viz., seven shillings daily, and six pence for drink. 

Liber B. 69. 

May 31, 1727. 

Consistory held. There were present, besides the ministers — 
of the Ruling Consistory, Elders, Cruger and Hardenbrook, and 
all the Deacons and Churchmasters. Of the Great Consistory: 
Elders; N. Rooseveld, Isaac Kip, P. Cortland, A. Marschalk, — 
Deacons : Anthony Rutgers, Gerrit Yan Home, Benj. Wynkoop, 
Abram Keteltas, Jacobus Rooseveld, John Yan der Hull, Adrian 
Man, Chs. Bancker, Andries Abraham, Abm. Boelen, Jacob 
Goelet, Oliver Teller. — Church-masters: Cornelius Yan Home, 
Jr. and Jacobus Roosevelt. 

After calling on God's name, it was stated that since very few 
were present the last time the Great Consistory met, it was pro- 
posed now to reconsider the conclusion then reached, that the 
church should be one hundred feet long, and seventy ^ve feet 
broad, on the inside, and see if it were not possible to make these 
the outside measures. 

1. This was unanimously approved. 

2. As soon as the Church is begun, the foundations of the 
Tower shall be laid, and it shall be carried up along with the 
Church, as far as the wall (of the Church) goes. 

3. The Church shall be placed exactly in the middle of the 
(plot of) ground. South and ISTorth. That is to say, to be as far 
from the West as from Barberie Strion (?) and on the North, to 
begin ten feet from the straight line of the lot. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2391 


(That is ten feet from the present southerly house line of Lib- 
erty street. The Church stood about thirty feet east of l^assau 
street, the intermediate space being filled with graves, as remem- 
bered by the writer about 1844. There was then a large yard 
on the Cedar street side. The Tower was at the Liberty street 
end of the Church; but in 1844, the main entrance was from 
Cedar street. — 'E. T. Corwin.) 

4. If it should be judged expedient to have the Tower two or 
three feet broader, on account of the doors, or the staircase, the 
matter is left to the Euling Consistory. 

(Is. B. As to 'No. o, there was by general consent, an altera- 
tion — as it now is.) 


Westchester, X. Y. 1T2Y. 

Rob'tus Hunter Armiger Provinciae Xovi Eboraci, necnon 
Xovae Casariae in America Strategus & Lnperator ejusdemq. 
Vice Admiralis etc. 

tiniversis et Singulis Ilectoribz Vicar, et Capellar. Curat. 
Clericis et Ministris quibusciunq in et per totam Provinciam 
ubilibet Constitutis ac etiam 

Ecclesiae Parochialis de Westchester infra Provinciam ^N'ovi 
Eboraci praedict. pro hoc tempore Aedilibus 

Cum Dilectum in Christo Thomas Standard Clericum ad Rec- 
toriam sive Ecclesiam Parochialem Predict. Parochiae de Yv'est- 
chester in diet. Provinciae j^ovi Eboraci in America Jam vacan- 
tem praesentatum Rectorem Ejusdem Rectoriae parochialis in et 
de Eadem Instituts, Yobis Conjunctim et divisim Committo et 
firmiter Injungo Mando, Quateus eundem Thomas Standard 
Cleric, sive procuratorem Suum legitimum ejus nomine et pro eo 


2392 Ecclesiastical Records 

in Eaelem Actualem et Gorporalem possessionem ipsius Rectoriae 
sive Ecclesiae parochialis de "Westchester praedict. Glaebariim, 
Jnrnmq. et pertinentium snorm. universor. Conferatis Inducatis, 
Inducive faciatis. et Defendatis Inductum, Et quid in Premissis 
feceritis me ant Alium Judicem in hac parte competentem qnem- 
cunq; debite (cum ad id Congrue fueritis Eequisit.) Certificetis 
seu sic certificet ille vestrum qui presens hoc Mandatum fuerit 
Executus. Dat. Sub Sigillo praerogativo diet. Proyinciae ^ovi 
Eboraci Octavo die Julii Anno Salutis 1Y27. 

Rob. Hunter. 
By bis Excellency's Command 

H. Wileman, Depy. Secy. 

— Doc. Hist. X. Y. Vol. iii. p. 570. 

GovEENOR Burnet to the Bishop of London. Presbyterian 
Church of Jamaica. 

New York 14 July, 1727. 
My Lord: 

I have been informed by Mr. Poyer that there Is an Action commenced by the 
Presbyterians of Jamaica in Long Island for the English Church which they pre- 
tend was built and was taken by violence from them by My Lord Cornbury. 

I know nothing certain about their claim but if they take the course of law I 
cannot help it; but they having committed a riot in taking possession of the 
Church, the Attorney General here has entered an information against them, and 
I refused them a Noli Prosequi upon their application, that their rashness may 
be attended with charge and trouble at least, If not punishment; which may per- 
haps discourage them In their suit or make them willing to compromise it. 

My Lord etc. 

W. Burnett. 
— Doc. Hist. N, Y. Vol. iii. p. 188. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters from Foreign Lands. 

1Y27, Sept. 1st. The Eev. Deputati ad res Exteras report 
that tbey have received a letter from Earitan; also two letters 
have arrived from Batavia. x. 306. 


OF THE State of Xew York. 2393 


Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Kev. Cornelius Van Santvoord to Rev. John Hagelis, Amster- 
dam, Sept. 15, 1727. 
(Addressed :) 

Mr. John Hagehs Reverend and Faithful minister 

of God's Word at Amsterdam. 

Staten Island, September 15, 1727. 
Reverend Sir: — 

Your letter signed on December 1, last, (1726) I received 
rather late. Your opinion, as I understand it, that I might well 
have despised the insult, I am willing to accede to; but I would 
not dare assure you that the others would have been pleased 
therewith. For there is no quietness unless one falls in with 
them entirely; and keeping silence would only serve to give them 
the impression that they are right. I wish that they had left me 
alone, and that it had not occurred to any one that there was 
occasion for such supposition of offense. It (Van Santvoord's 
book) has not intensified the quarrel among the congregations 
here, but has rather tended to effect pacification with those who 
have read it; and this was also the object in writing it. For lack 
of information sometimes creates passion on each party in a con- 
gregation. You have my reasons and excuse as to the design 
of the vv'riting; but you may also well believe, that some, if not 
all of the thoughts presented, have more importance over here, 
than with you. That those whom you call my opponents, might 
consider themselves offended by certain expressions, I do not call 
in question; indeed, it would be somewhat unusual if it were 
otherwise. Yea, this might occur even on my own side. How- 
ever I do not think that any reply will be made to it, and all 
intelligent people here are of this opinion; for I declare, that 
when writing it, I kept my head. That there was blame on both 
sides, has always been my opinion, and I pointed out the faults 


2394 Ecclesiastical Records 

of the one as well as of the other; neither will I say that I was 
free from fault myself. 

Although the postillion lives next door to me, yet I received 
yoiir letter only after the opponents of Eev. Friiinghuysen had 
learned enongh to report, that they had received from yon, per 
letters, courtesy and courage; while I and Rev. Freeman received 
a letter which was not to our taste. How these things corre- 
spond I know not; but I do know that I was rejoiced to see that 
you had not yet given judgement on which side lay the greater 
sin; and that I can trust you sooner than them. Could I con- 
tribute something more toward peace, than the propositions which 
I have already submitted, without knowing whether they were 
acceptable, I would gladly do so. It Avere to be vdshed, me- 
thinks, that such a method had been pursued on the other side, 
before authority had been exercised; or that such a method might 
yet be pursued. But do not stir up strife, but labor toward quiet- 
ness. Attempt, as far as possible, to check all extravagant pas- 
sionateness by gentle and plain instructions. You may well 
accept this, and may do it the more readily, since I am surrounded 
by passionate men on each side, and am not so much beloved as 
others, who also foster ignorance and passion. So likewise you 
may well believe that I have always counseled Rev. Friiinghuy- 
sen, who is not so great a friend of mine, as perhaps you imagine, 
to calmness and prudence; and particularly, that he should so 
shape his defense. If he fails in this, let it not be charged to 
me. N'evertheless let it be left free for me to advocate that 
which is good, and to clear any one from slander for the sake of 
peace. Extreme measures please me as little in the one case as 
in the other, and I know not who is free from these? In house- 
keeping we all make mistakes, and we cannot do everything here 
the way it is done in Holland. But then must the one who errs 
and fails be execrated as unorthodox? and must we separate our- 
selves from him, call him a schismatic, etc.? 

I hope that this letter will please you, and that we may attain 

f OF THE State of x^ew York. 2395 

peace, through your wise counsel and admonition to each side; 
yea, may such measures be recommended to us, as may preserve 
the peace in a salutary manner. Concluding, I wish you from 
the heart the Lord's Spirit, and his blessing, and remain 

Eeverend Sir, 
P Your Servant, 

C. Y. Santvoort. 

Dutch Chuech of ]^ew Yoek. 

Xov. 2, 1727. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. Resolved, That 
]Mr. Van der Heul shall present to the Consistory, at least once 
a quarter, his account for the 'New Building. 

The account of Mr. Yan der Heul showing a debit of £893. 7. 8. 
and a credit of £738. 14. 6, leaving a balance of £154. 13. 2., was 
examined and approved, and ordered to be so signed in the name 
of all. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Report on Indian Affairs, (j^ew York) 

1727, Xov. 10. In reference to a certain report presented 
by the Rev. Deputati on the disputes in the province of ^ew 
York, the Rev. Assembly resolved to request the last retiring 
Deputati, the Revs. Hagelis and Hulscher, to help manage 
(stateren) this affair so far as practicable, in conjunction with 
the present Deputati. x. 308. 

William Burnet, Goverisor. 

1727, Nov. 15. 

Jews allowed to omit the Avords, '^ On the true faith of a Chris- 
tian," in taking the oath of abjuration, or giving testimony under 
oath in Courts of Justice. Enacted, 560 Council Journal. 



2396 Ecclesiastical Records 

Dutch Chuech of ^ew Yoek. 

IS^ov. 16, 1Y27. 

Consistory held, and after calling on God's name, a final agree- 
ment was unanimously made with Mr. J. Yander Huil : 

That for his trouble as Director of the building of the iSTew 
Church, he shall receive one hundred and thirty pounds, ISTew 
York currency, in three payments. These the Deacons shall pay, 
out of money in hand; the first, as soon as possible; the second, 
when the Church shall be under roof; the third when it is com- 

Nevertheless, under the following conditions : 

1. In case Mr. Yan der Huil should die, or become incapable 
of acting as Director, then in place of the salary mentioned, he, 
or his heirs, shall be paid at the rate of three and a half per cent 
on all money expended from the beginning to the time of his 
ceasing to be Director. 

2. As the 'New Church may be completed, and yet the finishing 
of the Tower postponed for two years; in such a case, Mr. Yander 
Heul shall be released from the oversight of the Tower; but if it 
be within that time, he shall oversee it; and his compensation 
shall be included in the aforesaid one hundred and thirty pounds, 
according to the conditions therein stated. 

Ordered, That the President now give to ^Ii*. Yan der Heul 
this agreement in writing, in the name and by the authority of 
the Consistory. 

I, the undersigned, accept this contract, and acknowledge that 
I received it in writing, in Consistory Meeting, New York, iSTov. 
21, 1T27. 

John Yander Heul. 

It is further Resolved, That the seats and pews in the jSTew 
Church shall be of native wood, and be contracted for by Mr. 
Yander Heul, to be delivered in the latter part of 1728, and paid 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2397 

for in the early part of 1729. He shall also contract for 40,000 

shingles, two feet long, an inch thick, and six inches broad, to be 

paid for on delivery, or afterward, according as the best (bargain) 

purchase can be made. * 

Liber B. 73. 

LiQUOE LiCExsE Eeqeieed IX Alcaxy. 

An Ordinance, Xov. 29, 1727. 

Whereas several persons within the city and county of Albany do presume to 
Bell Strong Liquor by retail without being duly lycensed or without speaking to 
any of the magistrates within the said city that they are inclined to take such 
Lycence, It is therefore Resolved by the mayor, recorder, aldermen and assistants 
of the said city to ordain, publish and declare and it is hereby ordained, published 
and declared that no person or persons within the said City or County shall sell 
or dispose of any Strong Liquor by retail unless he, she or they shall be duly 
Lycensed by the mayor of the said City on penalty of five pounds for each default 
& during the absence of the said mayor yt who are enclined to take such Lycense 
do acquaint the Recorder of ye said city therewith and those who he approves to 
be proper and able persons may sell by retail during the absence of the mayor, & 
no other person or persons whatsoever on the like penalty of five pounds for ye 
use of any person or persons that shall sue for the same. Given in Albany this 
29th day of Xovember in the first year of his Majesty's Reign Annoq. Domini 1727. 
— Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. ix. pp. 24, 25. 

Dutch Church of Xevv York. 

Appointment of Henry Michael Kock as Organist, December 

15, 1727. 

Inasmuch as it has pleased his Excellency, William Burnet, 
Governor, etc., to present an organ to the Dutch Reformed 
Church here in !N'ew York, for use in their meetings for divine 
service, and the same has already been placed in suitable position 
in our old church, (in Garden Street) : 

Therefore, Be it known to all whom it may concern, that the 
Rev. Ministers, Elders, and Deacons of the said Church together 
with the Church-Masters, on the recommendation of his Excel- 
lency, have appointed Mr. Hendrick ^lichael Kock as Organist. 

They hereby also declare that the said Mr. Kock, as Organist, 
is to render service upon the said Organ, according to these con- 
ditions and Hmitations, namely : 



2398 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

The Eev. Consistory appoints the said Mr. Kock as Organist 
for two years and no longer, namely, from December 15, 1727, 
to December 15, 1729, and upon the follomng voluntary sub- 
scription for his salary. But this ap^^ointment is with the definite 
understanding that you are not to receive any compensation, 
except for the time that you personally play on the Organ, and 
in the following manner : You must play the organ in the 
Zangtrant* of our Dutch Reformed Church on Sundays, before 
and after preaching, both in the morning and afternoon; also on 
Wednesdays, and at such other times as there shall be preaching; 
as well as on Mondays when there is catechizing. When the Bene- 
diction has been pronounced, you will play a suitable piece as the 
congregation is leaving the church; and you will do the same at 
all other times, after prayers or catechizing. Before the sermon 
you wdll play one entire portion — or pause — of a Psalm; but 
after sermon only one or two stanzas as the minister may direct. 
On the mornings when the Lord's Supper is administered, the 
Organ shall not be played. 

That all this may be performed in the best manner, and ac- 
cording to the wishes of the congregation, you agree, that as 
often as you are to play you will be on hand and at the organ 
before the last ringing of the bell; that whenever you are absent, 
except for sickness, nine shillings shall be deducted from your 
salary; and that you will not take any friends up to the organ 
with you except some one who is to do the blowing (trappen). 

You are to receive twelve pounds, E'ew York currency, for 
the ^^ blower '', but for this you are to teach John Pieter Zenger, 
the blower; or in case of his death or removal, whomsoever the 
Consistory puts in his place; until he also becomes proficient in 
playing the organ; and the said Zenger, or a substitute, shall also 
always be ready at the fij^ed times when you are to play. During 

* Zangtrant means, literally, Song-style; or according to the style of music and 
singing employed in the Dutch Churches. There are many of the old Psalm- 
books, with this kind of music, yet existing in our old Dutch families. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2399 


the week, apart from cliurch-meetings, the organ shall not be 
plaved, except when von jonrself are teaching Zenger; and the 
Psalm which is to be played must be made known to the Rev. 
Consistory a full honr previonsly. In extraordinary cases, you 
shall according to custom, have free access to the Rev. Consistory 
to make any representations to them. You shall also keep the 
organ clean and in its place, and further, observe all the direc- 
tions touching your duties which the Rev. Consistory shall 

Upon all of these conditions, and upon each of these limita- 
tions as herein expressed, and not otherwise, we enter into this 
engagement with you as Organist; and we, thereupon, promise 
you, that the Elders, Deacons and Church-Masters, or some one 
of their number, will for the two ensuing years pay you for your 
faithful services, the sum of one hundred pounds each year, Xew 
York currency; arud that the righteous half of this sum shall be 
paid you each half year, beginning with December 15, 172T. 

And they also promise to pay you for teaching Pieter Zenger 
to play the organ — of whose progTCSs therein the Consistoi-y 
will expect evidence, at least each half year, if not oftener — and 
for the blowing of the same, the sum of twelve pounds yearly, to 
be paid at the end of each year; or the sum of twelve pounds at 
any time during the first year when the said Zenger shall have 
attained the art of playing. 

Hereto the Elders, Deacons and Church-I\Iasters bind them- 
selves, qualitate qua, and also their successors after them; and 
for the confirmation of this our promise, and your agreement to 
comply with the foregoing requirements at the times fixed upon, 
this instrument of appointment is made over to you with our seal 
afiixed. Thus done in our ecclesiastical meeting at l\ew York, 
December 28, 1727. 

I promise to conform hereto, 

Henry Michael Kock. 

Lib. a. 245-7. 


2400 ecclesiabtical e-ecords 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies. 

Extract from a letter from Nevr York of January 3, 1728. 

[Original not found.] 
This embraces 

I. A notice of the receipt of our letter, mth the enclosed one 

to the complainants of the Earitans. 

1. They declare that they had duly caused the enclosed letter 
to be handed to those people, and had laid before some of them 
the purposes (objects) of the Classis. 

2. That the ministers have a copy of the letter, but on account 
of their distance and manifold occupations, they have received 
no reply as yet to the letter of Classis. 

3. That it would give them pain, if they have given Classis any 
just reasons for dissatisfaction with them. 

4. That they would in the future inform Classis of something 
else of importance occurring in that province, in ecclesiastical 
affairs; but not knowing in advance how Classis would regard 
their conduct in reference to the church here, they would omit 
it for the present; but would be prepared to lay before Classis 
what they had done in this affair, having been invited to do so 
in the exercise of their office, and to leave it to its decision. 

II. They concluded with cordial salutations. Was signed, 

G. du Bois, 
Henricus Boel. 
xxii. 151, 152. 

Dutch Church of Inew York. 

Feb. 20, 1727-8. (1728). 

The Consistory held to-day unanimously Resolved, That the 
leases shall be signed just as they are written, by the men on the 
Manor of Fordham, who have not yet signed them. 

OF THE State of oSTew York. 2401 


K. B. Still, when the lease year expires, particular care shall 

be taken, to insert in the leases, snch expressions as shall make 

the men on the Manor liable for all taxation; also each new 

comer, for that laid on the vacant lands of the Manor, or to pay 

as much. 

Dutch, p. 55. Liber B. 59. 


Letters from Revs, van Santvoort 
and from Du Bois and Boel. 

1728, April 5th. The Classis received a letter from the 
churches of Gulick, expressing their thanks for certain donations, 
and requesting continuance therein as necessity might demand. 
Also a letter was handed in from. Rev. a Santvoort, minister on 
Staten Island, and one from Rev. Du Bois and Rev. Boel of ISTew 
York. x. 309. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Report on the Diiferences in the 

Churches of the Raritan. 

1728, April 5th. The report (advice) of the Committee 
which was appointed to investigate the case of the Raritan Com- 
plainants and the defense of Rev. Theodore Friedlinghuisen, was 
brought in by Rev. Houthof. It was approved by the Classis, 
and the Committee was thanked. The report (advice) read as 
follows : 

1. That in the letter of Rev. Freidlinghuisen, imder date of 
April 6, 1727, written in answer to the letter of this Classical 
Assembly of June 1726, are found very many unseemly, bitter, 
vulgar, (canalieuse,) as well as injurious expressions, both in 
reference to the Complainants in general, and in regard to some 
of them in particular; as well as in regard to other persons. Such 
expressions are to be found abundantly on almost every page of 
his elaborate letter of twenty pages, folio. Therein gentleness is 


2402 Ecclesiastical Records 

forgotten, cliarity is little souglit, and the flames of contention 
are tlie more greatly fanned. Of this character are the following 
expressions, frequently repeated: notorious lies; book of lies; 
liars; furnishers of lies; enemies; those who would swear to any- 
thing, if they could but satisfy their thirst for revenge; a lot of 
wicked people; the scum of these four congregations; those w^ho 
deal with his words as the dev*il did mth scripture, in ]\Iatt. -i; 
those who agree as did Susanna's ^ritnesses; a lot of scoundrels; 
openly godless ; witnesses, stupid and malignant ; those who will 
endure heresies, errors and well known common offenses in 
others, but in him will endure no visible circumstance whatever; 
people who have made lying their refuge, and increase in greater 
ungodliness; de^dls incarnate; people who are notorious for 
scoundrelism; such also is the comparison of Rev. Boel to a 
snorting (snorkende, or bragging) inquisitor, on page 1; as well 
as what is said with reference to Messrs. Boel and Du Bois : ^' but 
the disquietude which these occasion in this land, before our 
coming, is well known; for regeneration was falsely explained 
by Boel and those of similar spirit," p. 5 ; and also what is said of 
Rev. Anthonides, p. 10; '^besides this, Rev. Anthonides is a 
follower of Bekker." (Bekkerian.) 

2. That some things referred back to him by this Classis from 
which he should defend himself, were completely passed by; 
(passed over dry shod;) viz., that he had refused the wife of John 
Tennis the communion on his own authority, and without that of 
the Consistory: See our letter, Art. 3, '' Friedlinghuysen ", p. 8. 
Neither does he reply positively to the accusation that he had 
administered the communion to Schureman privately: See Art. 
14, Friedlinghuysen, p. 14; nor to that which was proposed in 
Art. 17 : '' that not having been ecclesiastically assembled after 
the second citation of the complainants, this was let go by default, 
and a third citation was issued;" he also completely ignores the 
special case of Abram Blaauw and his ^rife, put before him by 
us in Art. 8; as also what was submitted in Art. 11, whether those 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2403 

words are to be found in the book of Hev. (Joseph) Morgan, and 
are also approved by him. 

3. That some accusations brought against him are altogether 
denied by him; as that which is embraced in Arts. 10, 12, 15; or 
are given the lie T\dthout any qualification, in Arts. 13 and 14. 

4. That other things are acknowledged by him: 

A. That he desired that Simon Wyckoff should remain away 
from the Supper for that time, and this without the knowledge 
of Consistory. About this he says that he could not call them 
together, partly, because it was shortly before the Communion, 
and the members of the Consistory lived at a distance from each 
other; and, partly, on account of the shortness of the time, he 
could not observe all the formalities required. Art. 1. 

B. Art. 2. That formerly every member of the church could 
vote at the election of members of the Consistory, at Earitan, 
and that now it is done by the Consistory alone ; because, said he, 
in all other churches, in this and other lands, it was the custom 
for the new Consistory to be selected by those in office, in con- 
formity with the Constitution Art. 22; and that it did not concern 
him what was done before his time; yea, to do otherwise, is 
regarded as an error of the Independents. 

C. That he had said to Bodyn's wife, ^^ I do not invite you, be- 
cause you belong to Claes Hegeman's people ", and he persisted 
in this, altho she denied it; Art. 4. 

D. The treatment maintained by him regarding the mfe of 
Michael Moore. Art. 5. 

E. As also Art. 6, adding that fonnerly he was wont to say, 
^'Amen ", after baptizing each child; but on being told that some 
objected to this, he has now entirely given up saying '^Amen " at 
the end of a baptism, out of accommodation; especially since the 
word ^'Amen '' does not occur in Matt. 28, nor in our Formulae. 

F. He also acknowledges this, but had come to do so from 



2404 Ecclesiastical Records 

G. As also Art. 9^ viz., Then, when the parents had previously 
neglected the baptism of their children. 

H. That he had approved the book of Rev. (Joseph) Morgan, 
Art. 11. 

I. That the Complainants have been placed under the ban, and 
excommunicated, Art. 16, and this v^ithout the knowledge of the 
Eev. Classis. 

a. And the reason and ground for the ban are given in an ex- 
tract from the church book of the four combined churches of 
Earitan, under date of April 10, 1Y24, to which Rev. Freling- 
hujsen appeals in these words: 

Because thej blasphemed the love of the ti-uth, which is ac- 
cording to salvation, as a false doctrine; therefore they were not 
willing to allow their children to be baptized by our Domine; 
but especially because, as ringleaders of the opponents, they held 
many meetings, whereat every evil disposed person might bring 
foi^^ard whatever objection he had against our Domine, which 
were then voted upon, and with which writings they sought to 
lead away others; altho we have never been able to get hold of 
those writings. It was also then discussed how they should 
prosecute us by the civil power. To this the Rev. Friedling- 
huysen adds, that three of the excommunicated ones refused even 
at my first coming, in the visitation, to go to the Supper, so that 
we could not therefore suspend them; and Rev. Freeman writes 
that this occurred because they pretended that their pastor was 
not orthodox. 

b. And that this was done 'without the previous knowledge of 
the Rev. Classis, happened not from want of esteem for the 
church regulations, but because it would have been too long be- 
fore they had received an answer. See Extracts, Art. 1 and 2. 
Also because the rules on minute matters in the government of 
the church are subject to change; also that the Rev. FriedHng- 
huysen has acknowledged, and does yet indeed acknowledge the 
Classis of Amsterdam as the final (deciderende) judge of his 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 2405 

doctrine; but that all systems which he studied in the Schools 
taught, that the Congregation, the Pastor, and the Eldership, 
conjointly, possess the power to exercise christian excommunica- 

5. That Rev. Friedlinghuysen has begun another refutation of 
the complaints, which will be published as speedily as possible; 
See letter, pages 2 and 5, In this he will give his share to the 
author of the Complaint, (Klagte); pages 13, 18. 

6. That the said Rev. Friedlinghuysen makes this defence very 
voluminous (opereus.) He himself frequently appeals to, and 
also refers us to several treatises, both of Revs. Freeman and 
Santvoort, as well as to his own sermons, and an anonymous book. 
See reference thereto in the Acta of the next Classis. This was 
printed by (for) the author at Ley den. x. 310, 311, 312. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

On the Baptizing of Illegitimate Children. 

1728, April 5th. The church of Loenen asks advice thro it8 
minister, how to conduct itself towards children illegitimately 
begotten, in case there was one already, and others yet expected; 
whether or not, such should be admitted, and if so, under what 
conditions they should be admitted, to baptism. Inasmuch as the 
Classis was informed that it was customary, in that congregation, 
to let the mother of such a child come before the church, to 
censure her, and then to administer baptism to such a child; 
therefore the Assembly decided to abide by that custom and to 
leave the business to the discreet management of that Consistory. 
X. 312, 313. 

Dutch Church of !N'ew York. 

April 14, 1728. 

Consistory held. After calling on God's name, it was Resolved, 
That the movable sashes shall be made with iron frames, and a 



2406 Ecclesiastical Records 

broad groove, that will close well; and the panes shall be live 
inches broad and seven long: that the South and ^orth sides of 
the inner ceiling shall be hipped, as well as the East and "West 
(sides) ; that on the West side shall be two open windows at the 
end; that on the South and !N^orth sides shall be as many as can 
be : that on the East side, on either side of the pnlpit shall be two 
loose sashes in each window. 

April 18, 1728. 

Consistory held. After calling on God's name, an address of 
welcome vras signed and delivered to his Excellency, John 3.Iont- 
gomery, our Governor, who received it kindly. 

Resolved, That the glass windows above the South door, shall 
begin four feet above the door, be three panes wide, and run up 

two and twenty feet by and above shall be another 

glass of six feet long, then, in the high place above, 

a round glass in the middle. Liber B. 73. 

Ceetificate as to the Ordixatioi^ of George Weiss ; from 
Heidelberg University, April 26, 1728. 

Whereas, Mr. George Michael Weiss, born at Eppingen in the Electoral Palati- 
nate, and at present stationed as a Reformed minister at Philadelphia, in Penn- 
sylvania, under date of the third of December of the last year (1729) gave infor- 
mation to the Ecclesiastical Council of the Palatinate concerning the present 
condition of religion and ecclesiastical affairs there: 

And, whereas, on this occasion he gave us to understand, that, although he had 
received from this Council a Latin certificate, he needs also a certificate in German, 
because of the difficult circumstances in which he is placed, and specially on 
account of those who do not understand Latin: 

Therefore, We testify, as we did before, that he is not only right-minded in 
doctrine and unblamable in life, peace-loving and sociable in his walk and con- 
versation, but also edifying in his manifold discourses preached before us. 'We have 
no doubt but that, if the Lord grant him life and health, he will prove useful and 
be the means of edifying many souls. The infinitely good and merciful God and 
Father extend to him light and strength in full measure from the fullness of his 
grace which is in Christ Jesus, that the received word of the Lord may, by his 
service, make great progress, that even the minds of the heathen may be turned 
to the Lord, and that their Kings may be brought. 

Heidelberg, Ap. 26. 1728. L. C. Mieg. 

Councilor and Director of the Electoral Church Council Consistory. 

See Dr. Good's Hist. Refd. Ch. IIG, aud Corwiu's Manual of Reformed Church 
in America. 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 



Co:mmissiox to the Bishop of Loxdox for Exercising Juris- 
diction IX THE American Colonies, April 29, 1728. 

(Plantations General Papers, XI., 10.) (Translation.) 

Commissio Regia pro exercen- 
da Jurisdictione Spirituali et 
Eeclesiastica in Plantationi- 
bus Americanis. 

Georgius Secundus Dei gratia 
Magnae Britanniae Franciae et 
Hiberniae Rex, fidei Defensor 
&c. Reverendo in Christo patri 
Edmundo permissione divina 
Episcopo Londinensi, Salutem. 

Cum Coloniae, Plantationes, 
caeteraque dominia nostra in 
America, nondum divisa re! for- 
mata, neque alicui Dioecesi in- 
fra Regnum Nostrum Magnae Brit- 
anniae annexa existant: ratioue 
cujus Jurisdictio in eausis Ec- 
clesiasticis, in illis vel eo- 
rum aliquo orientibus. nobis ut 
supremo Eeelesiae in terris Ca- 
piti solummodo speetat; ac no- 
bis necessarium visus sit ut de- 
inceps Jurisdictio Spiritualis 
et Eeclesiastica in regionibus 
illis in casibus inferius in 
his prasentibus mentionatis, 
authoritate nostra regia secun- 
dum leges et canones eeelesiae 
Anglicane infra Angliam legit- 
ime receptos et sancitos, in- 
stituatur et exereeatur, qua 
sincerus Dei cultus religionis- 
que cbristianae pura professio 
melius promoveatur: Cumque rega- 
lis pater noster Georgius prim- 
us nuper Rex Magnae Britanniae 
<&c. per literas suas patentes 
sub mago sigillo suo Magnae 
Britanniae confectas, gerentes 
dat' apud Westmonasterium nono 
die Februarii, anno regni sui 
decimo tertio, dederit et con- 
cesserit tibi praefato Episcopo 
Londinensi, plenam potestatem 
et autboritatem per te Tel per 
sufficientem Commissarium tuum 
vel commissarios tuos sufficien- 
tes per te substituendos et 
nominandos exercendi, jurisdic- 
tionem, spiritualem et ecclesi- 
asticam in respectivis Coloniis, 
Plantationibus, caeterisque do- 
miniis suis in America, durante 

Royal Commission for exercis- 
ing Spiritual and Ecclesiasti- 
cal Jurisdiction in the Ameri- 
can Plantations. 

George the Second, by the 
Grace of God. King of Great 
Britain France and Ireland, De- 
fender of the Faith &c., To the 
Reverend father in Christ, Ed- 
mund, by Divine permission. 
Bishop of London, Greeting: 

Whereas the Colonies, Planta- 
tions, and other our dominions 
in America, are not yet divided 
into, constituted as, neither 
annexed to, any Diocese within 
our Kingdom of Great Britain; 
by reason whereof Jurisdiction 
in Ecclesiastical causes aris- 
ing in them, or in any one of 
them, belongeth to Us only, as 
the Supreme Head of the Church 
on earth: And whereas it seem- 
eth to Us necessary that hence- 
forth Spiritual and Ecclesias- 
tical Jurisdiction should, in 
the cases hereinafter mentioned, 
be established, and exercised in 
those parts, by virtue of our 
Royal Authority, according to 
the Laws and Canons of the 
Church of England, in England 
lawfully received and sanction- 
ed, to the better promoting of 
the sincere worship of God, and 
the pure profession of the 
Christian Religion; and where- 
as our Royal Father, George the 
First, late King of Great 
Britain, &c., did, by letters 
patent, under the great seal of 
Great Britain, bearing date at 
TVestminster, the ninth of Feb- 
ruary, in the thirteenth year 
of his reign, give and grant 
unto you, the Bishop of London 
aforesaid, full power- and au- 
thority, by yourself, or by 
.vour sufficient commissary, or 
commissaries to be by you sub- 
stituted and named, to^exer- 
cise Spiritual and Ecclesiasti- 
cal Jurisdiction in his sever- 
al Colonies, Plantations, and 



bene plaeito dicti nnper Regis 
prout per easdem litteras paten- 
tes relatione inde habita plen- 
ius liquet et apparel, 

Sciatis modo quod nos revocav- 
imus et determinavimus ac per 
praesentes revocamus et deter- 
minamus dictas recitatas literas 
patentes ac omnia et singula in 
eisdem contenta. Et ulterius 
sciatis quod nos de vestris sin- 
cera religione, et doctrina, ac 
morum probitate, et in rebus 
gerendis provida circumspec- 
tione, et industria, plurimum 
in hac parte confldentes, de 
gratia nostra special! ac ex 
certa scientia et mero motu nos- 
tris, dedimus et concessimus, 
ac per praesentes damns et con- 
cedimus tibi praefato Episcopo 
Londinensi plenam potestatem et 
authoritatem, per te vel per 
sufflcientem Commlssarium tuum, 
sive Commissarios tuos suffi- 
cientes per te substituendos 
et nominandos, exercendi juris- 
dictlonem Spiritualera et eccle- 
siasticam in respectivis Colo- 
niis, Plantatlonibus, caeteris- 
que Dominiis nostris in America, 
secundum leges et canones Ec- 
clesiae Anglicanae infra Angli- 
am legitime receptos et sancl- 
tos, in specialibus causis et 
materiis inferius in his prae- 
sentibus expressis et speclflca- 
tis. Ac pro Declaratlone re- 
galis voluntatis nosti-ae quoad 
specialis causas et materlas 
In qulbus Jurlsdictionem Ante- 
dictam virtute hujus Commission- 
Is nostrae exerceri volumus; 
Dedimus ulterius et concessi- 
mus ac per praesentes damns et 
concedlmus tibi praefato Epis- 
copo Londinensi plenam potesta- 
tem et authoritatem, per te vel 
per sufficientem commissarium 
tuum sive commissarios tuos 
sufiBcientes per te substituten- 
dos, Visitandi omnes Ecclesias 
in Colonils, lantationibus, 
caeterisque Dominiis nostris 
praedictis in America, in qui- 
bus divinum servitium juxta 
ritus et liturgiam ecclesiae 
Anglicanae celebratum fuerit, 
ac omnes ecclesiarum praedicta- 
rum rectores, curatos, minlstros, 
et Incumbentes, sive alio quo- 
rumque nomine vocatos, ac omnes 

other dominions in America, 
during the good pleasure of 
the said late King, as by the 
said letters patent doth, upon 
examination, more fully ap- 
pear; Know ye, that We have 
revoked, and determined, and 
do, by these presents, revoke, 
and determine the above men- 
tioned letters patent, with 
all and singular the things 
therein contained. And fur- 
ther know ye, that We, repos- 
ing especial confidence in 
your sound religion, learning 
and probity, and in your pru- 
dence and industry in the man- 
agement of affairs, have, of 
our special favor, certain 
knowledge and mere motion, 
given and granted, and do by 
these presents, give and grant 
to you, the Bishop of London 
aforesaid, full power and au- 
thority, by yourself, or by 
your sufficient commissary, or 
commissaries to be by you sub- 
stituted and named, to exer- 
cise Spiritual and Ecclesias- 
tical Jurisdiction In the 
special causes and matters 
hereinafter expressed and spec- 
ified, within our several Col- 
onies, Plantations, and other 
dominions in America, accord- 
ing to the laws and canons of 
the Church of England, In England 
lawfully received and sanction- 
ed. And for declaration of 
our Royal Pleasure as to the 
special causes and matters In 
which we will that the Juris- 
diction above named be, by 
virtue of this our commission, 
exercised, we have further 
given and granted, and do, by 
these presents, give and grant 
to you, the Bishop of London 
aforesaid, full power and au- 
thority, by yourself, or by 
your sufficient commissary, or 
commissaries to be by you sub- 
stituted and named, to visit 
all churches In our aforesaid 
Colonies, Plantations, and 
other dominions In America, In 
which Divine Service according 
to the Rites and Liturgy of 
the Church of England shall 
have been celebrated, and the 
Rectors, Curates, Ministers and 
Incumbents, by whatever name 

OF THE State of Xew York. 



presbyteros et diaconos in sac- 
ris ordinibus Ecclesiae Angli- 
eanae constitutes, cum omnl et 
omnimoda jurisdictione, potes- 
tate et coercione Ecclesiastica 
quoad praemissa requisita, et 
ad dies, horas, et loca compe- 
tentia quaecunque, quoties et 
quandocunque tibl, sive commis- 
sario, vel commissariis praedic- 
tis magis congrua et opportuna 
videbuntur, praedictos rectores, 
curatos, ministros, incumbcntes, 
Presbyteros rel Diaconos, in 
sacris ordinibus Ecclesiae An- 
glicanae constitutes, aut ali- 
quem vel aliquos eorum et non 
alias quascunque personas, co- 
ram te, vel Commissario, sive 
Commissariis praedictis evocan- 
di, et per estes per te sive 
Commissarium vel Commissarios 
praedictos in debita juris for- 
ma jurandos, aliisque viis et 
modis legitimis quibus de jure 
melius et efflcacius id fieri 
possit, inquirendi de moribus 
eorundem, secundum leges et can- 
ones ecclesiae Anglicanae; ac 
etiam quaecunque juramenta 
licita in curils Ecclesiasticis 
consueta ministrandi, ac corri- 
gendi et puniendi praedictos 
Rectores, Curatos, Ministros, 
Inciimbentes, Presbyteros et Di- 
aconos, in sacris ordinibus 
Ecclesiae Anglicanae constitutes, 
juxta eorum demerita, sive per 
amotionem, suspensionem, excom- 
municationem, vel aliud quod- 
cunque genus censurarum ecclesi- 
asticarum aut correctionum debi- 
tarum, juxta canones et leges 
ecclesiasticas praedictas. Et 
ulterlus de uberiori gratia 
nostra dedimus et concesslmus, 
ac per praesentes damns et con- 
ccdimus tibi praefato Episcopo 
LondlnensI, plenam potestatem 
et authoritatem de tempore in 
tempus nomlnandi et substituen- 
di sub manu tua et sigillo tuo 
Episcopall Commissarios Suflfl- 
cientes ad omnia et singula 
praemissa, in separalibus et 
respectivis Coloniis, Planta- 
tionibus et Dominiis praedictis 
in America, Juxta tenorem et 
veram intentionem hujus Com- 
misslonis nostrae exercenda et 
exequenda cum effectu, et tales 
Commissarios amovendi et mutan- 

called belonging to said 
Churches, and all Presbyters 
and Deacons admitted into the 
Holy Orders of the Church of 
England, with all and every 
Sort of Jurisdiction, power, 
and Ecclesiastical coercion, 
requisite in the premises; and 
to summon the aforesaid Rectors, 
Curates, Ministers, Incumbents, 
Presbyters or Deacons admitted 
into the Holy Orders of the 
Church of England, or any of 
them, and no person else, be- 
fore yourself or your commis- 
sary, or commissaries aforesaid, 
upon whatever days and hours, 
and at whatever suitable places, 
as often as, and whensoever, to 
yourself or to your commissary, 
or commissaries aforesaid, 
shall seem most fit and con- 
venient, and by means of wit- 
nesses, to be sworn in due 
form of law by yourself, or 
your commissary or commissa- 
ries aforesaid, and by such 
other proper ways and methods, 
as can with right be more advan- 
tageously and effectually used, 
to examine concerning the manners 
of the same, according to the 
laws and canons of the Church 
of England; and also to ad- 
minister all oaths lawful and 
customary in Ecclesiastical 
Courts, and to correct and pun- 
ish the aforesaid Rectors, Cu- 
rates, Ministers, Incumbents, 
Presbyters and Deacons in the 
Holy Orders of the Church of 
England, according to their de- 
merits, whether by a motion, 
suspension, excommunication, or 
by any sort of Ecclesiastical 
censure, or due correction, 
according to the canons and 
Laws Ecclesiastical aforesaid. 
And further, of our superabun- 
dant favor, we have given and 
granted, and do, by these presents, 
give and grant to you, the 
Bishop of London aforesaid, 
full power and authority, from 
time to time, to nominate and 
substitute under your hand and 
Episcopal seal, sufficient 
Commissaries to exercise and 
effectually execute all and 
singular the premises. In each 
and every of the Colonies, 
Plantations, and Dominions 


Ecclesiastical Records 


di de tempore in tempus prout 
tibi expediens videbitur. Ha- 
bendum et gaudendum omnes et 
singulas potestates et author- 
itates antedictas tibi praefato 
Episcopo Londinensi, quam diu 
nobis placuerit. Volumus tamen 
ac per praesentes declaramus et 
ordinamus, quod bene liceat et 
licebir alicui personae vel 
aliquibus personis quibuscunque 
in quam vel in quas aliquod 
judicium, decretum, sive sententia 
virtute hujus eommissionis 
uostrae datum sive pronuntiatum 
fuerit, appellare a tali judicio 
decreto, sive sententia, ad per- 
dilectos et perquam fideles 
Consiliarios nostros Rerendis- 
simum in Christo patrem Guliel- 
mum Archiepiscopum Cantuarien- 
sem ac Archiepiscopum Cantuari- 
ensem pro tempore existentem: 
Petrum Dominum King Baronem de 
Ockham, Cancellarium Nostrum 
Magnae Britauuiae, ue Cancellari- 
um Nostrum Magnae Britanniae 
Tel Magni nostri sigilli Mag- 
nae Britanniae Custodem pro tem- 
pore existentem: Reverendissimum 
in Ctiristo patrem Lancelotum 
Archiepiscopum Eboracensem, ac 
Archiepiscopum Eboracensem pro 
tempore existentem: Summum The- 
saurarium Nostrum Magnae Britan- 
niae pro tempore existentem: 
Gulielmum Ducem Devoniae. Cnnciiij 
Nostri Privati praesidem, ac 
Consilii privati Nostri praesi- 
dem pro tempore existentem; 
Thomam Dominum Trevor, privati 
sigilli nostri Custodem, ac pri- 
vati sigilli nostri Custodem 
pro tempore existentem; Lionelem 
Cranfield, Ducem de Dorset, Seu- 
escballum Hospitii Nostri, ac 
Seneschallum Hospitii nostri pro 
tempore existentem; Carolem Du- 
cem de Grafton Hospitii Nostri 
Camerarium. ac Hospitii Nostri 
Camerarium pro tempore existen- 
tem; Thomam Ducem Novi Castri 
unum primariorum Secretariorum 
Nostrorum Status, Thomam Comitem 
de Westmorland, Carolum Vice 
Comitem Townshend alterum prima- 
riorimi Secretariorum nostrorum 
Status, ac Primarios Secretarios 
Nostros Status pro tempore ex- 
istentes; Georgium Yieecomitem 
de Torrington Primarium Admi- 
ralitatis nostrae Comniissarium, 

aforesaid, in America, accord- 
ing to the tenor and true in- 
tent of this our Commission, 
and from time to time, to re- 
move and change such Commissa- 
ries, as to you shall seem fit. 
You, the Bishop of London afore- 
said having and enjoying all 
and singular, the powers and 
authorities above recited, dur- 
ing our good pleasure. We will, 
nevertheless, and do by these 
presents, declare and ordain, 
that it may and shall be law- 
ful for any person or persons 
whatsoever, against whom any 
judgement, decree, or sentence, 
shall have been given or pro- 
nounced, by virtue of this 
our Commission, to appeal from 
such judgement, decree, or sen- 
tence, to our Right trusty and 
Well-beloved Councillors, the 
most Reverend Father in Christ 
William. Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury for the time being; 
Peter, Lord King, Baron of Ock- 
ham, our Chancellor of Great 
Britain, and to our Chancellor 
of Great Britain, or Keeper of 
our Great Seal of Great Brit- 
ain for the time being; the 
Most Reverend Father in Christ, 
Lancelot, Archbishop of York, 
and to the Archbishop of York 
for the time being: our High 
Treasurer of Great Britain for 
the time being: William Duke of 
Devonshire. President of our 
Privy Council, and to the 
President of our Pi'ivy Council 
for the time being: Thomas, 
Lord Trevor. Keeper of our Pri- 
vy Seal, and to the Keeper of 
our Privy Seal for the time 
being: Lionel Cranfield, Duke 
of Dorset, Steward of our Pal- 
ace, and to the Steward of our 
Palace for the time being; 
Charles, Duke of Grafton, Cham- 
berlain of our Palace, and to 
the Chamberlain of our Palace 
for the time being; Thomas. 
Duke of Newcastle, one of our 
Principal Secretaries of State: 
Thomas, Earl of Westmoreland, 
Charles, Viscount Townshend. 
another of our Principal Sec- 
retaries of State, and to our 
Principal secretaries of State 
for the time beinc: George, 

OF THE State of N^ew Yoek. 



ae Summum Aclmirallum Nostrum at- 
Que primarium Admiralitatis 
Nostrae Commissarium pro tem- 
pore existeutem; Arthurum Onslow 
nostrum domus Nostrae Communium 
Prolocutorem, ac Domus Nostrae 
Communium Prolocutorem pro tem- 
pore existeutem; Robertum Wal- 
pole Nobilissimi Ordinis Peris- 
cilidis Equitem, Scaccarii 
uostri Caneellarium, ac Aerarii 
nostri primarium Commissarium, 
atque Scaccarii nostri Caneel- 
larium et Aerarii nostri pri- 
marium Commissarium pro tempore 
existentem; Robertum Raymond 
militem, Capitalem Justiciarium 
nostrum ad placita coram nobis 
tenenda assignatum, ac Capitalem 
Justiciarium nostrum ad placita 
coram nobis tenenda assignatum 
pro tempore existentem; Joseplium 
Jekyll militem Magistrum Rotulo- 
rum Cancellariae nostrae, ac 
Magistrum Rotulorum Cancellariae 
nostrae pro tempore existentem; 
et Robertum Eyre militem, cap- 
italem Justiciarium nostrum 
de eommuui banco, ac capitalem 
Justiciarium nostrum de Com- 
muni Banco pro tempore exis- 
tentem. Quibus quidem Guliel- 
mo Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, 
ac Archiepiscopo Cantuarieu&i 
pro tempore existenti; Petro 
Domino King, ac Cancellario Nos- 
tro Magnae Britanniae, vel mag- 
ni Sigilli nostri Magnae Britan- 
niae Custodi, pro tempore ex- 
istenti; Lanceloio Arciiiepis- 
copo Eboracensi, ac Archiepis- 
copo Eboracensi pro tempore 
existenti: summo Thesaurario 
nostro magnae Britanniae pro 
tempore existenti; Gulielmo 
Duci Divoniae, ac Consilii 
Privati nostri praesidi pro 
tempore existenti; Thomae 
Domino Trevor, ac privati Sigil- 
11 nostri Custodi pro tempore 
existenti; Lioneli Cranfleld 
Duci de Dorset, ac Seneschallo 
Hospitii Nostri pro tempore ex- 
istenti; Carolo Duci de Graf- 
ton, ac Hospitii nostri Camera- 
rio pro tempore existenti; Thom- 
ae Duci Novi Castri; Thomae 
Comiti de Westmorland; Carolo 
Vicecomiti Townshend, ac prima- 
riis Secretariis nostris Status 
pro tempore existentibus; Geor- 
gio Vicecomiti Torrington, ac 

Viscount Torrington, First 
Lord Commissioner of our Ad- 
miralty, and to our Lord High 
Admiral, and first Lord Com- 
missioner of the Admiralty 
for the time being; Arthur On- 
slow, our Speaker of our House 
of Commons, and to the Speaker 
of our House of Commons for 
the time being; Robert Walpole, 
Knight of the most Noble Order 
of the Garter, Chancellor of 
our Exchequer, and First Lord 
of our Treasury, and to the 
Chancellor of the Exchequei", 
and first Lord of the Treasury 
for the time being; Robert Ray- 
mond Knight, our Chief Justice 
of Pleas before Us, and to our 
Chief Justice of Pleas before 
us for the time being; Joseph 
Jekyll, Knight, Master of the 
Rolls of our Chancery, and to 
the Master of the Rolls of our 
Chancery for the time being, 
and Robert Eyre, Knight, our 
Chief Justice of Common Pleas, 
and to our Chief Justice of 
Common Pleas for the time be- 
ing, To whom, that is to say, 
to William, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and to the Arch!)ishop of 
Canterbury for the time being; 
Peter, Lord King. Chancellor 
of Great Britain, or the Keeper 
of our Great Seal of Great Brit- 
ain for the time being; Lance- 
lot, Archbishop of York, and to 
the Archbishop of York for the 
time being; our High Treasurer 
of Great Britain for the time 
being; William, Duke of Devon- 
shire, and to the President of 
our Privy Council for the time 
being; Thomas, Lord Trevor, and 
to the Keeper of our Privy Seal 
for the time being; Lionel 
Cranfleld, Duke of Dorset, and 
the Steward of our Palace for 
the time being; Charles, Duke of 
Grafton, and to the Chamber- 
lain of our Palace for the 
time beiug; Thomas, Duke of 
Newcastle, Thomas Earl of West- 
moreland, Charles Viscount 
Townshend, and to the Princi- 
pal Secretaries of State for 
the time being; George Viscount 
Torrington, and to our Lord 
High Admiral and First Lord 
Commissioner of our Admiralty 
for the time being; Arthur On- 


Ecclesiastical Records 


Summo Admirallo Nostro atque 
Primario Admiralitatis Nostrae 
Commissario pro tempore existen- 
ti; Arthuro Onslow, ac domus nos- 
trae Commnnium Prolocutori pro 
tempore existent!, Roberto Wal- 
pole, ac Scaccarii nostri Can- 
cellario atque Aerarii nostri 
Primario Commissario pro tempore 
existenti; Roberto Raymond, ac 
Capitali Justiciario nostro ad 
placita coram nobis tenenda 
assignato pro tempore existen- 
ti: Josepho Jeljyll, ac Magistro 
Rotulorum Cancellariae nostrae 
pro tempore existenti; atque 
Roberto Eyre, ac Capitali Jus- 
ticiario nostro de Communi 
Banco pro tempore existenti; de 
Privato Consil ionostro exis- 
tentibus, vel aliquibus tribus 
vel pluribus eorundem existen- 
tibus de privato Consilio nos- 
tro, plenam potestatem et au- 
thoritatem, de tempore in tem- 
pus, audiendi et finaliter ter- 
minandi omnes et singulas tales 
appelationes, et talia judicia, 
decreta sive sententias afl3r- 
maudi, mutandi, sive revocandi, 
et finaliter judicia sire sen- 
tentias superlnde dandi et 
pronuntiandl, Damus et concedl- 
mus per praesentes, in tarn am- 
plis modo et forma quam Com- 
misslonarii sub magno Sigillo 
nostro magnae Britanniae con- 
stitutl et assignati virtute 
Statuti anno Regni Domini Henri- 
ci nuper Regis Angliae octavi 
vicesimo quinto editi. intitu- 
lat' an Act for the submission 
of the clergy, and Restraint of 
Appeals, in appellationibus 
ipsorum determinationi per 
statutum praedietum subjectis 
procedere possint et debeant; 
aliquo in praesentibus conten- 
to in contrarium in aliquo non 
obstante. Mandantes insuper 
et per praesentes firmlter in- 
jungendo praecipientes tam om- 
nibus et singulis Gubernatori- 
bus generalibus, judicibus et 
justiciariis nostris, quam om- 
nibus et singulis rectoribus, 
incumbentibus, ministris, officia- 
rlis et subditis nostris qui- 
buscunque infra Colonias, Plan- 
tationes, caetraque Dominia 
nostra praedicta in America, quod 
ipsl et eorum quilibet tibi 

slow, and to the Speaker of our 
House of Commons for the time 
being; Robert Walpole, and to the 
Chancellor of our Exchequer, 
and First Lord of our Treasury, 
for the time being; Robert 
Raymond, and to our Chief Jus- 
tice of Pleas before Us for 
the time being; Joseph Jekyll, 
and to the Master of the Rolls 
of our Chancery for the time 
being; and to Robert Eyre, and 
to our Chief Justice of Common 
Pleas for the time being, being 
of our Privy Council, or to 
any three or more of them, be- 
ing of our Privy Council; 

We do by these presents give 
and grant, full power and Au- 
thority, from time to time, to 
hear and determine, all and 
singular, such appeals; and, 
such judgments, decrees, and 
sentences, to confirm, change, 
or revoke, and final judgment 
or sentence thereupon, to give 
and pronounce, in manner and 
form as full as the Commission- 
ers constituted and appointed 
under our Great Seal of Great 
Britain by virtue of the Stat- 
ute of the twenty fifth year 
of Henry Eighth late King of 
England entituled, "An Act for 
the submission of the clergy 
and the restraint of Appeals," 
can or ought to proceed, in 
appeals subject to their de- 
cision, by the Statute afore- 
said; anything in these pres- 
ents contained, to the con- 
trary, notwithstanding. Com- 
manding, moreover, and by these 
presents strictly enjoining, 
all and singular, our Governor 
Generals, Judges, and Magis- 
trates, together with all and 
singular, our Rectors, Incum- 
bents, Ministers, Officers, and 
Subjects of what sort soever, 
within our Colonies, Planta- 
tions, and other dominions 
aforesaid, in America, that 
they and each of them, shall 
be to you, the Bishop of Lon- 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2413 

praefato Episcopo Londinensi, don aforesaid, and to your com- 
et Commlssarlo sive Commissariis missary, or commissaries a- 
praedictis, in debita executione foresaid, in all things, aiding 
praemissorum sit et sint inten- and assisting, as is fit, in the 
dentes et auxiliantes in omni- due execution of the premises, 
bus, prout decet. In cujus rei In testimony whereof. We have 
testimonium, has literas nostras caused these Our Letters to be 
aerl fecimus patentes. Teste made patent. Witness Ourself, 
me ipso apud Westmonasterium, at Westminister, the twenty 
ricesimo nono die Aprllis, anno ninth day of April, in the 
regni nostri primo. first year of our Reign. 
Per Bre' de Privato Sigillo By writ of Privy Seal 

Bisse et Bray. Bisse and Bray. 

— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. V. pp. 849-854. 

Acts of the Classis of Amstekdam. 

Continuation of the Consideration of 
the Dispute in the Church of Raritan. 

1728, May 3rd. 1. The Deputies having considered all sides, 
were of the opinion, that concerning just that which caused the 
principal ground of complaint against Rev. Friedlinghuysen and 
his Consistory, namely, the exercise of the great ban, or excom- 
munication, they appear to have made a mistake. This mistake 
relates both to the reasons for, and the form of, the excom- 
munication. 'No such weighty reasons are alleged, either in regard 
to false doctrine, or atrocious and gross sins, which seemed to 
require excommunication. The difficulty seemed chiefly to have 
been opposition to Rev. Friedlinghuysen, and his manner of say- 
ing and doing things. Then as to the character of the discipline; 
— no Consistory, not even in the largest congregation of our 
Fatherland, has the liberty to exercise excommunication, without 
the previous knowledge of the Classis, that the Classis might 
judge whether the reason was sufficient. 

2. That, however, it would be better not yet to give any final 
ecclesiastical decision between the Complainants and the Accused: 

a. ^ot only because both sides seem to desire to debate con- 
cerning our Tribunal and our ecclesiastical jurisdiction; and, 

b. Under a foreign power our ecclesiastical decision could not 
be carried out by any effectual instrumentality; 



2414 Ecclesiastical Records 

c. And also because many matters charged are positively denied. 
About these the Complainants ought to be asked for additional 
proofs, if any consideration is to be given them, as was already 
intimated in Art. 3. So also in respect to some things, the ac- 
cused, especially Eev. Frelinghuysen, should fortify his denials 
by authentic evidence, from J. Goulet, about Art. 10; and from 
the grand jurs^, about that weighty matter, Art. 15, referring to 
Schuurman ; 

d. And finally because a judicial deliverance, according to all 
appearances, might arouse much bitterness, or at least, increase 
the common bitterness now existing. 

3. That to both parties letters should be written: 1. Peace 
should be advised in the most earnest manner. They should be 
exhorted to mutual reconciliation. To this end there should be 
held up before them, on either side, their weaknesses and mis- 
takes; as to the Complainants, the flippancy of their accusation 
of heterodoxy against Rev. Friedlinghuysen ; their wild reason- 
ings and actions, among other things, as exhibited in the practical 
seizure of a church; and their misrepresentations of even the 
most unimportant words and deeds. 2. As to the accused; his 
harsh expressions; the illegality of the excommunication; and 
other matters acknovdedged by Rev. Friedlinghuysen as noted 
under 10: t; and (advising) him to omit the publishing of his 
" Refutation '\ 

Also towards the effecting of peace might be proposed: 

a. On the part of the Complainants: that they should confess 
that they had acted wrongly and imprudently in the matters above 
alluded to; that they should be disposed to acknowledge that Rev. 
Friedlinghuysen is orthodox in point of doctrine, and will live at 
peace with him, as is proper for members of the church; that 
they will honor their pastor, provided that the excommunication 
be removed in the best manner possible. 

b. On the part of the Accused: that in several instances he 
would have to confess that he might certainly have spoken and 

or THE State of Xew York. 2-115 


acted differently; tliat he liad certainly done alone that which he 

ought to have done only with his Consistory; and that he had 

accomplished with liis Consistory that which ought not to have 

been done without the knowledge and approbation of the Classis; 

and further, to promise that he would read from the pulpit, that 

the excommunication pronounced against the Complainants was 

no longer in force against them; that they are again recognized as 

members, and will be treated with love. 

c. In case this should not succeed that each side would choose 
certain persons in that land to act as Arbitrators, in order to 
restore peace in the best manner possible. 

d. Finally that it be announced to them, that if these measures 
are not successful, both parties will please to send over to us, as 
soon as possible, the further proofs; the Complainants regarding 
what is denied bv Rev. Friedlinffhuysen, Art. — and the Ac- 
cused, to fortify his denial regarding Art. 10, and 15; so that the 
Classis, or the Christian Synod if it be deemed expedient to take 
the case there, may be in a condition to give a final deliverance 
(sentence) on the whole matter, x. 316, 317. 

Dutch Chukch of Xew York. 

June 27, 1728. 

Consistory hekl. After calhng on God's name, it was deter- 
mined to be necessary for going on with the building, that, since 
there was no money in the Treasury, the Deacons should take up 
one hundred pounds on interest, and if required, still another 
one hundred pounds. 

Further: That the detennination formerly made concerning 
Jan Bogardus and Peter Brouwer, should be booked, to wit: that 
they after the death of Cornelius Turk, should be Master-^^Iasons 
of the Xew Building, and should divide them the shillings which 
Mr. Turk had for his daily wages. Liber B. 75. 


2416 Ecclesiastical Eecords • 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. J. Friedlinghuysen, 

Pastor at Raretans, Jmie 28, 1728. xxix. 20. 'No. 1. 

Reverend Sir and Highly Esteemed Brother: — 

In the fear of the Lord we have pondered your letter of April 
6th, 1727, containing a reply to the Complaints of certain ac- 
cusers at Raretans, which we remitted to you in the name of our 
Classis in June 1726. We cannot conceal the fact that we are 
grieved that the faithful counsels of peace given to you at that 
time, by the Deputies, in the name of the Classis, have been so 
lightly regarded by you. Yes, indeed, we are very sorry at the 
ungentle and bitter, the common and exasperating expressions 
which you use in your reply, and which are certainly very much 
out of place. Yet such expressions are scattered generally against 
all sorts of persons. You refer to your accusers as liars, inventors 
of lies, enemies who w^ould swear to anything, if thereby they 
could gratify their desire for revenge; as a rabble of godless folks; 
the scum of the four congregations, whose testimony no more 
agrees than did that of the witnesses against Susannah; a lot of 
rascals, incarnate devils, and still other similar expressions. Rev. 
Boel is branded by you as a boasting inquisitor; and the Rev. 
Antonides, as a follower of Bekker. We cannot understand how 
such cutting and immoderate expressions can be reconciled with 
that spirit of gentleness and humility, which is becoming to a 
minister above all things else. On the other hand, we consider 
that by such a style of speech the accusers will be more em- 
bittered, and alienations intensified, and the schism made worse. 

Therefore, if it be not already too late, Ave would seek to per- 
suade you, only with intentions of peace, not to publish your 
"Refutation of the Complaint'', to which you allude on page 
225. In this you sav vou will give the author of the accusation 

OF THE State of ]N'ew Yoek. 2-1-17 

his share. Bj this way of speaking, we expect notldng else than 
that the flames of discord will be made to burn the fiercer. 

Our Classical Assembly is actuated by an entirely different 
spirit. In the interests of peace, and for other important reasons, 
we feel ourselves coinpelled not to give any decisive sentence yet; 
for if we did, the parties on either side would be obliged to con- 
fess their sins. On the contrary we judge it to be best that you 
should settle these matters amicably between yourselves; so that 
your great bitterness towards each other, and your alienations, 
may at length come to an end by mutual reconciliation. We have, 
to this end, admonished your accusers to this course of conduct, 
in a most serious manner. We cannot now neglect to request 
you to this same course, in a friendly and kindly way. 

And have you not promised that you would ever willingly sub- 
mit yourself to our admonitions of peace? We now renew these 
admonitions, and request you to do everything in your power to 
secure the restoration of peace, which is both essential and profit- 
able to the Church. If imprudent things have been done by your 
accusers you cannot truly plead, as it seems to us, that you have 
been entirely giiiltless of such things yourself. We have ah^eady 
referred to the harsh expressions which you have used in your 
reply, with great sorrow. We also perceive from the accusations 
of the people of Raretans, that tliis is not the only time such 
expressions have been used by you. 

Also in your manner of exercising discipline, even excommu- 
nication, on certain guilty persons, did you act as prudently as is 
becoming to a minister, in such an important matter? Were there 
such errors in doctrine or life in those you dealt with, that they 
deserved excommunication? And even if this were the case, 
would it not have been safer not to take such an important step 
without first consulting Classis? 

]^or do we learn from your reply whether the Lord's Supper 
was forbidden to the ^dfe of John Tennis on your sole authority 

-418 Ecclesiastical Records 


or not, according to section three. We are also left in doubt 
whether the Supper was administered privately or not to Schnre- 
man, according to section fourteen. Also whether an irregularity 
was committed in the second citation of the accusers, the Con- 
sistory not having been constitutionally convened; and whether 
the third citation did not take place in the same irregular man- 
ner, according to section seventeen. We are also left in doubt 
about the case of Abram Blauw and his wife, as well as whether 
the words quoted from the book of Domine Morgan, were ap- 
proved by you or not. Indeed, if you reflect on your o^vn reply 
to Articles 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, you will readily perceive that 
some things were said and done on your part, which might have 
been said or done in a more prudent manner. 

We are all of us human, and how easily does that human 
nature of ours creep into all our doings? We therefore beseech 
you, and exhort you to do everything possible on your part to 
prevent further alienation, and to promote peace, which is the 
chief ornament of the Church, and a principal means for its 

We therefore take the libertv of recommenchns* to vou the 
following means to secure so desirable an end: 

1. That you freely confess, that in several instances you might 
better have spoken and acted otherwise than you did; in par- 
ticular, that some things were done by yourself alone, which ought 
to have been done officially by the Consistory; and also that some 
things have been done by the Consistory which should not have 
been done mthout first communicating with the Classis. 

2. That you are willing to retract, in the best way you can, the 
excomnmnication pronounced against the accusers, as being no 
longer of force against them; and that you recognize them again 
as members, and invite them to the communion of the Lord's 
table; and that you will receive them and treat them with the 
genuine love of brethren. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 2419 

We believe tliis is the best and surest way for the restoration 
of peace on your part. We have also not failed to set before tbe 
accusers most earnestly tlie obligations resting on tliem. For we 
well know that as the peace was broken by each side, it ought 
therefore to be sought again by each side. Thus may it be re- 
stored and promoted. 

You must also know that we have required from the accusers a 
confession of guilt, for their imprudence; and that they must 
recognize you as an orthodox minister, and show all honor and 
love to you personally and officially. 

Under such conditions, peace may be restored. We hope that 
the Complainants will agree hereto, even as we believe and ex- 
pect that you, deeply concerned for the peace of the Church, will 
enter with all readiness and zeal into this way of peace. There- 
fore lay aside all mere human considerations; overstep every ob- 
stacle ; and do everything in a spirit of gentleness and moderation 
to help restore the peace which has been broken. We hope that 
the G-od of love and peace will influence your heart, as well as 
those of the accusers, by the power of his Spirit. 

You will easily imderstand that our counsel for mutual recon- 
ciliation can best be carried out, by yourself as the party accused, 
and by the accusers, without the inten^ention of others. To this 
a mutual desire for peace would contribute much. 

But should this useful result not be effected by yourselves, 
our Classis asks you, whether you could not select, to represent 
each side, certain persons dwelling among you, as mediators, 
through whose mediations peace could be secured in the best way. 

We cannot tell you with what joy v/e would be filled, if we hear 
that our advice has been accepted by you, and the desired results 
have been obtained. If however, contrary to our hopes, all these 
efforts fail, it will grieve us greatly. We would rather see peace 
effected amicably among yourselves, than that we should be com- 
pelled, to our own sorrow, to pronounce final judgment upon the 
accusations. But to this we vail not proceed, until we are as- 



2420 Ecclesiastical Records 

sured by a certified writing on your part, of the truth of the 
testimony of P. Goulet, whereunto you appeal, in your reply to 
the thirtieth article of the accusation. The Classis would also 
gladly see that the denial of what was charged upon you hy 
article fifteen, was confinned by a certified writing of the acquittal 
of Schureman by the Grand Juries, by whom Schureman's case 
was investigated, according to your annotations. 

Finally, we assure you that it would be especially acceptable to 
us if we should find that we have no need of these documents. 
We desire, and we pray God, that it may please him to heal this 
breach, and to prosper the means proposed thereto. Wherewith, 
after wishing the Lord's most precious blessing to rest upon your- 
self and your sacred ofitice, we remain with much esteem, 
Reverend Sir, and Highly Esteemed Brother, 

Your Servants, highly esteeming fellow brethren to 

Cornelius Houthoff, Ecc. Amst. 

Dep. Classis, ad res exteras, Praeses. 
J. Bakker, Ecc. Amst. Dep. ad res 
exteras, p. t. Scriba. 

P. S. If any amicable reconcihation cannot be effected, Classis 
retains the liberty either to pronounce judgment thereon herseK; 
or if it seem necessary, to refer the whole subject to the decision 
of the Christian Synod of ISTorth Holland. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Complainants at Raretans, 
June, 28, 1728. xxix. 21. 

Worthy Gentlemen and Brethren: — 

The Rev. Classis, having considered, in the fear of the Lord, 
your accusations against Rev. Fredlinghuyzen, and his reply to 

OF THE State of IvTew Yore:. 2421 

them, are obliged to confess their grief at such gTeat estrange- 
ments and violent disputes, which have arisen in the Church of 
the Lord. Thereby all love is banished, and peace is not only 
broken, but all things are turned into trouble and confusion. 

We do not yet find ourselves in a position to pronounce a 
sentence accurately upon the accusations presented. The peace 
cif the Church, however, lies very near our hearts, and we would 
gladly see it speedily restored. We are most earnestly charged 
by the Classis to exhort you to mutual reconciliation. Men and 
brethren, we do beseech you to let our advice find acceptance 
with you, that we may help on with all our power, so necessary 
and useful a work. We admonish you most seriously to take out 
of the way all stones of stumbling, in order to prevent further 
alienations, and all the mischiefs which spring therefrom. Em- 
ploy every means whereby quiet and peace may be revived among 
you, and become permanent. 

And as we speak thus to you, we have also admonished and 
besought Rev. Friedlinghuyzen most seriously to a similar whole- 
some work — that of making mutual satisfaction to each other. 
Therefore we cotild not neglect recommending the same most 
heartily to you. It also seldom happens in great disputes that 
the fault is all on one side. Hence each side ought to labor 
equally to repair the breach. You have brought forward many 
accusations against Rev. Friedlinghuyzen. But has there been 
nothing done or spoken by you against him of which he might 
justly complain against you? Is it a small thing in your eyes to 
accuse a minister of anything, even of heterodoxy? And is your 
accusation well founded? Or has it not been too lightly taken 
up through some misunderstanding, or imagined prejudice? Have 
not many thoughtless and even passionate deeds been committed, 
which cannot be reconciled with Christian moderation and 
humility? And is it really prudent or edifying, even under a for- 
eign power, to make oneseK master of a church-building by force, 
and thus create a great disturbance in the congregation? ,Has 



2422 Ecclesiastical E-ecoeds 

charity always ruled in your congregation, when the most unim- 
portant words or acts of your pastor have been so easily mis- 

Since things are so, brethren, we pray you in the name of the 
God of peace, that you now, on your side, be full of zeal to 
promote reconciliation, so that peace may not only be secured, but 
permanently re-established in your Church. Have you not 
quarreled long enough? Must the Church be still longer dis- 
turbed? What fruits can you expect from such disputes, except 
worse confusions and wicked recriminations. Blessed are the 

!N'ow to attain that peace, so necessary to yourselves and the 
Church, we take the liberty of recommending to you the follow- 
ing plan: 

1. That you freely confess that in many things, especially in 
such as those just mentioned^ you yourselves have acted impru- 
dently and improperly. 

2. Also, that you recognize Kev. Friedlinghuyzen as an 
orthodox minister, and that you express your desire to live in 
harmony with him, as befits the members of the Church ; and that 
you esteem him worthy of much honor and love for his oflS.ce sake. 

We do not wish to doubt but that you Tvdll be willing on your 
side to put these peace-measures into execution. Be also assured 
that we have prescribed no other measures to Rev. Friedling- 
huyzen, but such as we deem would further, ^vith your assistance, 
this reconciliation, so desirable and necessary; namely, that he also 
confess that he has sometimes spoken and acted imprudently; 
and that he must, moreover, annul, in the best and most fitting 
way, the excommunication pronounced upon you, and recognize 
and treat you as members of the Church. 

j^ow even as we trust that Eev. Friedlinghuyzen will show him- 
self ready to do this work of reconciliation; so we trust that no 
less inclination may be discovered on your side. Let all seeking 
of self glory be left out of consideration in this affair. Let the 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2423 

glory of God, the interests of the Church, the beaut v of peace, 
and the welfare of your souls, move you, and powerfully urge 
your hearts to act upon our wholesome counsel of peace as soon 
as possible, and in the spirit of gentleness and meekness. It will 
tend greatly to our joy if we may soon hear that a mutual recon- 
ciliation has been completely effected. Our prayer to God is that 
He, as the God of peace, may mightily influence your hearts to 
union and peace. 

ISTo doubt it would be best that the proposed path of peace be 
entered upon by Rev. Friedlinghuyzen and yourselves, without 
the intervention of others. Thus would it appear so much the 
more, that the hand of brotherhood and love was given from a 
right and peace-loving heart. But should this not succeed, con- 
trary to our wish, we ask you to consider whether you could not, 
on each side, choose persons through whose mediation, recon- 
cilation could be effected. 

We do hope that all these measures which we have judged 
good and fitting, shall not turn out fruitless. We are very sorry 
that such a violent and injurious fire of discord burns in the 
Church of our Lord. How much would we love to see that each 
side vied with the other most quickly to quench the flame. 

If however, we are compelled, contrary to our wishes, to give 
sentence upon the "Accusations and Reply ", we must await 
some further proofs : 

1. Concerning that which is brought forward by you in the 
Accusation, on page 54, namely, the speaking of Rev. Friedling- 
huyzen to the Governor, (Montgomery), about Revs. Du Bois 
and Boelen. 

2. Concerning your charge on pages SO, 81, that Rev. Fried- 
linghuyzen sets up husband and wife, parents and children, against 
each other. 

3. And especially, concerning your assertions of the conduct 
and relations of Rev. Friedlinghuyzen v/ith Schuurman, as men- 
tioned in the Preface, page 4, and in the Accusation, pages 109, 
116, 14G. 



2424 Ecclesiastical Records 

But we reiterate that we have already recommended the best 
thing to be done: namely, that you come to a mutual reconcilia- 
tion between yourselves, in a spirit of meekness and friendly for- 
bearance. We beseech you once more to fulfill our wish in this 

And now may God himself, who can do more exceeding abun- 
dantly above that we can ask or think, fulfill in you, all that may 
help to accomplish this highly necessary work. Herewith, after 
again wishing all manner of blessings to you, and with all kind- 
ness, we remain. 

Highly Esteemed Brethren, 

Your servants to command. 

Cor. Houthoff, Ecc. Amst. Dep. Class. 

ad res Exteras, Praeses. 
J. Bakker, Ecc. Amst. Dep. ad res 
Exteras ]3. t. Scriba. 

P. S. If the mutual reconciliation cannot be effected, Classis 
retains the liberty either to judge for itself, or if it seems neces- 
sary, to give the whole affair over to the decision of the Synod 
of North Holland. 

Syis^od of North Holland. 

1728, July 27-Aug. 5. 
Article 2. 


Also the Correspondents (Corresponding Delegates) of the 
Synod of South Holland, recommended those (the church) of 
Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. Erom that body this Synod also 
had received a letter, requesting that a collection be taken up 
for them toward the building of a new church for our fellow- 
believers, who had fled thither from the Palatinate. 

Vol. 60, p. 13. 

OF THE State of !N"ew Yoek. 2425 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Consistories of tlie German Reformed Chnrches of Falck- 
ner's Swamp, Schipback and White Marsh, Pa., to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, Jiilj, 1728. [Written by the advice of the 
Dutch ministers of Kew York. See Aug. 15, 1Y28.] 

(Portfolio — '' N'ew York," Vol. i.) 
To the Eev. Classis of Amsterdam: — 

We, the undersigned. Elders and Deacons of the Reformed 
Christian CongTegation at Falkner's Schwamp, Schipback and 
Wit Marche, in the Province of Pennsylvania, in America, and 
under the Cro^vn of Great Britain, in the name of our congrega- 
tions, are, in our extremity, compelled to have recourse to your 
Rev. Body to lay before you the perplexing diihculties of ourselves 
and our congregations, and to beseech you to give us your 
Christian assistance, by certain ecclesiastical Acts, on your part, 
for the promotion of our peace, and the upbuilding of the Re- 
formed Religion in these distant regions of the world. 

The circumstances are these: We found ourselves in great 
perplexity. Our churches therefore commissioned us to consult 
in reference to our affairs with certain Dutch Reformed ministers, 
who, we have heard, were to be found in the neighboring prov- 
inces, (of N^ew York and i^ew Jersey.) It would have been easier 
for us to have gone to see Domine Frelinghuysen in l^ew Jersey, 
for he is about forty miles nearer to us than those in jSTew York. 
But inasmuch as we have already had to contend with certain 
errorists dwelling among ourselves, who maintain among other 
things, that one can judge from a man's general appearance 
whether he is a Christian or not, and several other matters, all 
of which we consider to be not in harmony with the views of 
the Reformed Church; and having heard while on our journey 



2426 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

that Domine Frelmgliiivsen holds some ^iicli Yie^Ys; or at least 
that his followers openly asserted such things, and judged their 
neighbors rather freely, and also did other things which were 
not conformable to the Word of God, nor to the Order of the 
Dutch Reformed Church; and having been still further informed 
that Domine Frelinghuysen, as is well known, has permitted and 
still permits the services of an English dissenting minister in 
the church of Raretans, and that this one also intrudes himseK 
into such other Dutch congregations and assemblies, consisting 
of simple-minded people, as he can gain entrance to; and that 
he is, as well as Domine Erelinghuysen himself, strongly inclined 
to Pietistic and Labadistic sentiments, and against wdiicli Ave have 
also ourselves to contend (in Pennsylvania); for such reasons 
we were discouraged from resorting to Domine Erelinghuysen, 
and resolved not to shun the trouble of going all the way to New 
York, to consult with the well-known Dutch ministers there, (Du 
Bois and Boel), as well as with Domine Antonides on Long Island. 

When we had spoken with them, they advised us to betake our- 
selves to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam for Christian aid, and to 
explain our perplexing difficulties in all sincerity, and with proper 
elaboration, and to submit to their ecclesiastical judgements. 

Our congregations gladly accepted of this advice. We, there- 
fore, take the liberty by this letter, to set before your Rev. Body 
our distress. 

The first settlers in this widely-extended region of Pennsyl- 
A'ania were Christians bearing the name of Quakers. Hither also 
came men holding all sorts of opinions. About eighteen years 
ago (IT 10) there began to come occasionally, and to settle here 
and there, in places widely separated from each other, certain 
ones of the Reformed Church. These came from different parts 
of Germany and from other places, and a few also from the neigh- 
boring provinces of ]^s'ew York and Yev^ Jersey, etc. In time 
these greatly multiplied; but in order not to fall into the errors 
of those among whom they dwelt, they provoked one another to 

OF THE State of !N'ew Yokk. 2427 


,5(.)0(;1 works by encouraging eacli otlier to hold religious meetings 
on the Lord's Day, etc., according to tlie Doctrine and Order of 
tlie Reformed Churcli, as far as it was understood by us. 

As early as 1720, if not before, John Philips Boehm came over 
to us. According to his testimonials, he had diligently exer- 
cised the office of schoolmaster and precentor for seven years in 
the city of Worms, Germany. Then by the persecutions of the 
Papists against those of the Reformed Religion, he was compelled 
to flee the country. Shortly after his arrival here, some of his 
neighbors started a religious meeting. In this, the said Johan 
Philips Boehm maintained the service of the Word, as a Reader 
(voorlezer), according to the best of his ability, for five years, 
to the great satisfaction of the people. For this he received no 

But we were also very desirous of enjoying the Seals of the 
Covenant, but we could not have these, according to the Order 
of the Reformed Church, in this far off country. Some had, 
therefore, gone over to the (English) dissenters. On this ac- 
count he was earnestly urged, time and again, by all the Reformed 
residing in this vicinity, to assume for himself the office of min- 
ister, but this he steadily refused to do. Meanwhile, hov/ever, 
he continued to maintain the general exercises of religious w^or- 
ship to general edification, in his capacity as a Reader. 

But the Reformed in this widely-extended region had now 
increased to the number of fifty men. They therefore continued 
to urge him, since they were a poor people and living far away 
from all Reformed Churches, to assume in the fear of the Lord, 
the office of minister among them, although not empow^ered to 
do so by any Classis of the Reformed Church. We did not then 
so well understand that the authority of a Classis was so abso- 
lutely necessary. But he realized the importance of such an 
office, and besought them to excuse him, alleging also that he 
had a family to support by the labor of his own hands. E'ever- 
tlieless the people continued to urge him to take this step, and 

2428 Ecclesiastical Records 


promised, according to their ability, to support him, although. 

such support might be small. They told him that he could not 

justify his refusal, before God, of assuming so necessary a work, 

and that they considered their unanimous request as lawful a 

call as was ever made upon any one; and that this was enough, 

since they were separated so far from any Classis. 

Reverend Classis, we confess that at last we persuaded Johan 
Philips Boehm, to take upon himself the office of minister among 
U3 in this extensive region. He had no salary except the volun- 
tary contributions of the people. He conducted his services ac- 
cording to the Doctrines and Order of the Reformed Church. 
Eurthermore, that all things might be done decently and in order, 
a certain Plan of Church Government w^as drawn up by Johan 
Philips Boehm and his Consistoiy, which was to be maintained 
among us. This was read before the whole congregation and 
subscribed by each individual. Thus services have now been 
maintained for three years with all earnestness and diligence, by 
Johan Philips Boehm, as our minister, in all three of our 
congregations. [1725-1728.] 

But to the sorrow of our hearts, some opposition began to be 
made to the ministerial standing of Domine Boehm, because he 
had not received regular ordination, and our churches pondered 
this matter. Therefore, we, the undersigned members of the 
Consistory, with the approbation of all the members of our con- 
gTegations, appointed two of the most capable persons among us, 
as commissioners, to visit the neighboring — but oh ! how far dis- 
tant — provinces, and seek advice of intelligent ministers there 
(ISTew York) to guide us in this important business: namely, what 
should or could be done, to vindicate the lawfulness of the minis- 
try of Mr. Johan Philips Boehm among us. 

We hereby respectfully present to your Rev. Body powerful 
reasons for our earnest desires in this business. 

Johan Philips Boehm has so favorably conducted himself in 
the discharo;e of his relicious office, not onlv in reference to the 

OF THE State of Kew York. 2429 

doctrines of the Reformed Churcli, but also in reference to his 
godly life, that we have no complaint whatever to make against 
him; but we are in duty bound to love and honor him with all 
the heart. His is the first instance, in this far district of America, 
(Pennsylvania), in which there is an entire absence of all offence 
and scandal, and in which the pure doctrines of the Reformed 
Religion, according to his ability, and according to the Church- 
Order of the Netherlands, are daily proclaimed and confirmed 
among us. 

Our three congregations, which are yet small and poor, namely, 
of Falkner's Schwamp, Schipback and Wit Marche, the largest of 
which consists only of twenty four men, the second about twenty, 
and the smallest of not more than fourteen, are separated more 
than sixty English miles from one another, and are distant full one 
hundred and seventy (English) miles from New York. 

The most of the civil magistrates among us are Quakers, as they 
are called. Your Rev. Body must not conceive of us in any other 
light, than as living among all sorts of errorists, as Independents, 
Puritans, Anabaptists, the New-bom, Saturday-folks, (Seventh- 
Day Baptists?), yea, as li^-ing among some of the most dreadful 
heretics, as Socinians^ Pietists, etc., among whom dreadful errors 
prevail: such as accursed blasphemies against our Great God and 
Savior, and a peculiar treason against the Divine Majesty, saying, 
that they have essential divinity in themselves; that they cannot 
sin; that what they condemn or approve is the same as God's con- 
demnation or approval. They believe that there is no other 
heaven or hell, than what is here on earth; they even deny Divine 
Providence, and assert that nothing needs the blessing of God; 
that all the prolificacy of the ground, of animals and of the hu- 
man race, comes simply from nature, without any care on the 
part of God; and also that prayer is useless. Indeed, we do not 
know of any godless notion which has not its defenders among 
some class or other of those among whom we dwell. 

Good as the land is in which we live, equally disheartening and 
deplorable is our condition respecting all spiritual things, as you 

2430 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


may easily discern. It is for tliis reason tliat the simple-minded 
people, generally, most of ^vliom are quite inexperienced and 
poor, and live distant from one another, are in the greatest dan- 
ger of contamination. Therefore we feel it to be very impera- 
tive on us to establish a pure religious worship, and to maintain 
it by every agency possible, and in accordance with the Word 
of God; that ourselves and children, and the many simple-minded 
souls in whom there is still a real desire for the pure teachings 
of the Holy Gospel, may not be lost forever in this soul-destroy- 
ing whirlpool of apostasy; but that they should work out their 
own salvation, as well as that of each other, with fear and 

"Will your Rev. Body, therefore, be kind enough to take notice, 
that as the most unassumimg sects, as they seem to be, among 
whom we live, are ever trying to entrap the simple minded people 
under a Pharisaic guise of hypocrisy; so are they very persistent 
in all kinds of allurements. For they appear to be willing to help 
the poor, provided they will join their sect. They also assert that 
they cannot enjoy the preaching of the Word anywhere else, but 
at the same time they never stop their abuse of Protestant minis- 
ters who have a definite salary, referring to them as mere hire- 

The majority of the people here are both ignorant and poor, 
and are almost daily besought by these others to leave us. It 
was, therefore, quite impossible for us to secure a minister and 
promise him any definite salary; and also, especially, because we 
w^ere without any ability at the time that Mr. Boehm undertook 
to lead us in our religious services. Unless we Avere quite willing, 
therefore, to surrender these innocent lambs — these poor people, 
to the unceasing attacks of these ravening wolves in sheep's cloth- 
ing, there seemed to be no other feasible way than that the said 
Boehm — a man well-knoAvn as one of unusual knowledge in 
sound doctrine, of irreproachable life, of exemplary zeal in op- 
posing all these heresies and warning the ignorant against them — 

OF THE State of 'Nbw Yoek. 2431 

there seemed, we say, to be no other feasible way than earnestly 
to beseech him to assume the ministerial office among its, out of 
love for the work, but mthout any definite salary. At the same 
time, however, we promised to try to secure for him some volun- 
tary gifts from those of ability to give, although these might be 
small. Such then has been our course, partly to escape the slander 
of the sects, and partly because we could act in no other way. 

But when, in the meantime, we understood from the said minis- 
ters, that, according to the Order of the Reformed Church, no 
one could be acknowledged as a lawful minister, unless he had 
been previously examined and approved by some Classis of the 
Reformed Church; but that we, because of our great necessities, 
as well as our ignorance of the proper way of securing a legally- 
called minister in the Reformed Church had made the mistake 
of setting apart Johan Philips Boehm, as our minister, we were 
greatly grieved at our wrong conduct. According to the advice 
of the said ministers, therefore, who told us that they could be of 
no assistance to us in this matter, we present our case before the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam with all deference, and humbly, but 
earnestly request, in the name of Christ, that in view of all that 
has happened, our great error may be overlooked, and that the 
Classis will be kind enough to help in some way, to counteract 
our mistake in this important business, and to bring about a set- 
tlement for us in all our perplexities. 

We beseech the Rev. Classis also kindly to remember the evil 
consequences which would ensue, if all that has been done amongst 
us should be declared null and void. For Domine Boehm was 
called by us to be the teacher in our three congregations, and 
has administered the Seals of the Covenant in general. He has, 
in particular, administered the rite of holy baptism to more 
than two hundred children, as well as to m?aiy others who, 
through his zeal have left the different sects, which do not be- 
lieve in baptism, and have come over to us. Think what a division 
such a decision would make in our church, and how it would ex- 
pose us to the derision of all kinds of errorists. Indeed, it is to be 



2432 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

feared that the exercise of the Reformed Religion, among sc 
many enemies, would be greatly retarded; that what has already 
been accomplished, in our weakness, and among many difficnlties, 
nnto edification, would be utterly lost; that our congregations at 
their very start, would perish; and that many of these poor igno- 
rant people would be sadly led astray in the A-arious forms of de- 
structive errors. 

And while we hope that the Classis will take to heart all that 
we have said, nevertheless Mr. Boehm is willing, as will appear 
from the accompanying letter, to submit fully to the decision 
of the Rev. Classis. If the Classis thinks it to be necessary for 
him to cease from ministerial duties — although it was not he who 
sought the office, but the office was pressed upon him by us all ■ — 
and return to his worldly calling, only continuing in the office of 
Reader, as before, he will do so. In doing thus he is only seek- 
ing to free his conscience. Yet the love of the people has daily 
increased towards him from the beginning of his service until 
the present, and the congTegations have groAvn daily. But, per- 
haps, if God should spare Mr. Boehm to us a little longer, he 
might be the instrumentality of bringing us to such a condition, 
that upon his death we might be able to call a minister from Hol- 
land. But we fear that if he should give up his ministry now, we 
would be worse off than ever, as we, Reformed Church believers 
are few and poor, and widely scattered in this distant region of 
the world. 

^Nevertheless, we now submit the whole business to the wisdom, 
as well as to the just and salutary decree of the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam. And with all deference, we earnestly beseech that 
their answer may be sent to us as soon as possible. 

But inasmuch as we also mentioned in our letter the special 
Church-Order established by us, we feel that we ought to foi-ward 
a copy of the same that the Rev. Classis may understand exactly 
our mode of governing the Church. The following are our 
CHURCH ORDINAIS^CES, adopted some tim.e ago, but recently 

P^ OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2433 

revised, and which we now send with all deference to the Classis 
of Amsterdam. 

Church-Ordinances of Boehm's Chnrch. 

1. That all the members of the Consistory now in office in 
all three of the villages, shall be duly recognized, and as such 
shall remain in office during the balance of their terms: that 
then all the members of the Church, with the minister and also 
the members of the Consistory, shall choose new members for the 
Consistory: that at the same time, all the members of the Church 
collectively, shall transfer all power and right henceforth to his 
own (local) Consistory, and choose a Consistory (for each local 
church) from year to year, by a majority vote; inasmuch as it is 
not practicable, on account of the growth and the wide extent of 
the Church, for all the members to meet only for this object. 

The persons so chosen shall be published for three Sundays, 
each in his own congregation, to discover if any lawful objec- 
tions can be made against them. If not they shall be ordained to 
their office at the time of the third publication. 

But if it should come to pass — which we hope may not be 
the case, that any member of the Consistory should behave dis- 
orderly, or cause trouble and division in the congregation, then, 
such individual shall be duly warned by the others, to cease from 
such ways; and if they do not obey, he shall be turned out of 
office and another shall be chosen in his stead, from those who 
were last in service. He shall then be regularly ordained and 
perform the duties of his office. The same course shall be pursued 
if any one dies in office. 

2. When the term of office of any Elder or Deacon expires, 
he may be exempt from service for two years, and may then 
again be chosen. But he may be chosen even earlier, if the Con- 
sistory for the time being deem it necessary. 

3. The Elders, Deacons, with all the membership of the three 
villages avow their desire to retain Mr. Johan Philips Boehm 



2434 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

among them as tlieir minister. He has hitherto performed his 
duties among them acceptably and with all fidelity, and accord- 
ing to the doctrines of the Reformed Church. 

4. The minister, with the Elders and Deacons and the whole 
congregation shall fix the times and places, when and where divine 
services shall be held, whether on the Lord's Day or on other 

5. The rite of baptism shall always be maintained gratuitously 
at the close of worship. Besides the Elders, there shall be other 
witnesses at the baptism, which edifying custom, shall not be 
changed for slight reasons. These witnesses (sponsors) must be 
sound in doctrine and of blameless life. 

6. The Holy Supper shall be administered twice a year in each 
place where public worship is maintained. I'v^o one shall be re- 
ceived thereto, except upon confession of his faith before the Con- 
sistory, and the evidences of a pious life; or upon the production 
of a proper certificate from some other Reformed Church, accord- 
ing to the Church-Order of the Synod of Dort, 1618-19. (Arti- 
cle 61.) All the members shall attend w^orship constantly, if 
able to do so, and also be present at the Preparatory Sermon. 
Those who neglect thus to act shall be admonished by the Con- 
sistory, if it be deemed necessary. The elder members shall 
kindly instruct the younger in the Reformed Religion, and to 
this end, shall make careful arrangements that they may hear 
the Word of God, in the preaching and catechetical services, that 
the younger also may in due time come to the Lord's Table. All 
the members, of either of the three congregations, shall have 
the privileges of communing in either of the churches, so long 
as they have a minister in common, provided no impediment exists. 

7. The bread and wine for the Lord's Supper shall be furnished 
by the Deacons. They shall also collect, and distribute the alms, 
and give a true report of the same. The mem1:)ers of the Con- 
sistory, whether Elders or Deacons, to whom the church-chest 
and any other property are committed, shall render an annual 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2435 

report before the congregation of their management of the same. 
To this end they shall keep a true account of all receipts and ex- 
penditures. This account, when it has been audited, shall be 
signed by the minister as correct, in the name of all. 

8. In order to meet the general necessities of the Church, the 
Deacons shall ahvays collect the free gifts of the church at the 
close of each service. 

9. If any member, male or female, fall into uncleanness or 
other sin, such shall be put under censure by the Consistory, until 
they promise amendment and give evidence of the same. 

10. The office and duty of the minister shall be to preach the 
pure doctrine of the Keformed Church, according to the Word 
of God; to admi]iister the Seals of the Covenant, at the proper 
time and place; to hold strictly to the Confession of Faith (the 
Eelgic Confession) of the Reformed Church; regularly to ex- 
pound the Heidelberg Catechism; to catechise (the children), and, 
in conjunction with the Elders, to exercise discipline. He must 
also not omit to ]iold services, unless unavoidably prevented, at 
the prescribed times and places, namely, at Falkner's Schwamp, 
Schipback and Wit Marche. 

11. A Consistory meeting shall be held at least semi-annually, 
and the minister shall record all ecclesiastical acts in a Book. 

12. If the minister should desire to leave, either because he 
has been called to some other field, or for other proper reasons, 
he must inform the congregation thereof as quickly as possible, 
that it may not be left desolate; but that it may provide itself 
as expeditiously as possible with another suitable man. Also the 
minister must deport himself in all things, as becomes a true 
servant of Christ, and as one under Him who is the Great Shep- 
herd of the sheep. 

13. The minister. Elders and Deacons, shall conjointly main- 
tain a careful supervision over the congregation. They shall 



2436 Ecclesiastical Records 

appear, at the appointed time and place, to hold a meeting of the 
Consistory, and shall not neglect to hold such meetings without 
sufficient cause. They shall faithfully perform the foregoing rules, 
each in his respective oihce, according to the best of his ability. 
Whosoever knows of any offence, done by any member of the 
Church or Consistory, is in conscience bound to reveal the same, 
not through any malice or hatred, but in order to remove offence. 
The accused shall not demand the name of his accuser, nor obsti- 
nately deny his faults, if proved, nor wickedly continue in the 
same. Those who thus act shall be rejected as members of the 
Church, until they promise amendment of life and show it. 

If anyone bring any charge against the doctrine or life of the 
minister, or any member of the Church, or any private member, 
such person shall refrain from any counter injury or slander, and 
not seek private revenge, but refer the matter to the Consistory, 
which shall be under obligations to remove such charge with all 

14. And as we trust that the Rev. Classis will foster us in our 
sad condition, and help us in our Christian efforts: — so We, bind 
ourselves to lay all calls hereafter, for our future ministers, before 
your Rev. Body, and accept your action thereon. We will also 
conduct ourselves with our present minister, according to such 
directions as you may deem proper for our Church, according to 
the Dutch Reformed Church-Order. Also the newly-ekcted 
members of the Consistory, before entering upon the discharge 
of their duties, shall annually subscribe all this, when you have 
approved it, that they may the better perform these promises 
which we make for ourselves and our successors. And in order 
that everyone may strictly conform to the Dutch Reformed 
Church-Order, according to his office and his station, these pro- 
posed ordinances, with such amendments as you may suggest, at 
each new election or ordination of Consistory, shall be annually 
read before the congregation. 

A written " Confession of Faith ", prepared by Domine Johan 


OF THE State of ISTew York. 2437 


Philips Boehm, and signed by him, accompanies this communica- 

jSTothing more remains for us to do, except to repeat our heart- 
felt desires before God, that what we have thus undertaken to do 
in his fear, may be received favorably by you. We have offered 
many prayers that through God's mercies we may receive your 
wished-f or help. And if our fervent longings for such, good results 
are fulfilled, we shall always gratefully recognize it as the special 
Providence of God's gracious care over us, for the upbuilding and 
sustaining of his Church against the manifold errors and evils 
which are all about us. 

To this end, and for the welfare of God's House in general, 
may our gracious Heavenly Father, in the Lord Jesus, and 
through the Holy Spirit abundantly bless you, your families and 
your holy office. Such is our sincere wish and prayer, 

Rev. Fathers and Brethren in Christ, of your humble servants 
who thus petition you, your brethren, yea, rather, children in 
the Lord, 

The Consistories of the three Reformed Churches of Falkner's 
Schwamp, Schipback and Wit Marche. 

In the name of all, 

(Signed each by his own hand). 
July, 1728. 

William De Wees. Sebastian Reifsnyder. 

Isaac Dilbeck, Ludwich Kuauws. 

George Philip Totterer. Laurence Bingeman. 

Frederik Antes. Joh. Renenstock. 

Joh. Meyer. George Klauer. 

Jac. Meyer. Leonhard Sperr. 

Gabriel Schuiler. John Stephen LTlrich. 

Joh. Berkenbeil. John Le Fevre. 

(See also Lib. A. Ch. Xew York, 261-272; and Mercersberg 
Review, 1876.) 


2438 Ecclesiastical Records 

Dutch Church of New York. 

Aug. 14, 1728. 

Consistory held. After calling on God's name, Resolved, That 
the contract with Mr. H. Van der Spiegel, for making the win- 
dows in the New Church, should be signed in the Church Book. 
This is as follows : That for making the sash, Mr. Vander Spiegel 
shall have fifteen pence a foot — he to find all the glass and fram- 
ing. He is to wait for his money for twelve months from the 
time he begins his work. 

It was also thought well that it should be signed ad memoran- 
dum that the Consistory should for the debt due by the widow of 
Tobias Stoutenberg to our Deacons, be (for certain reasons) satis- 
fied with one hundred pounds. This the Deacons have accord- 
ingly received. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Correspondence from America. 

The Revs. G. Du Bois, Vincentius Antonides and Henricus Boel 

to the Classis of Amsterdam, August 15, 1728. 

New York, August 15, 1728. 

Reverend, Godly and Most Learned Sirs, 

The Reverend Classis of Amsterdam. 

Highly Esteemed Fathers and Brethren in Jesus Christ: — 

When Mr. Johan Philips Boehm and William De Wees came 
before us on May 16, 1728 as Commissioners of the Reformed 
Christian Consistory of Falkner's Schwamp, Schipback and Wit 
Marche, and laid their case before us; on mature consideration, 
we found it of such a character, and of so much importance, that 
we advised them to present it, in all its details, to the Rev. Classis 
of Amsterdam, and cheerfully to submit to your official decision 
thereon. Otherwise we did not dare to think or hooe that the 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 2439 

E.ev. Olaasis would even consider the case. We knew also tkat 
jou would come to no other conclusion than what you would 
consider best for the honor of God and the welfare of their con- 
gregations. They have, accordingly, within a few days past, sent 
us the enclosed papers,* Avith the request that we would for- 
ward the same to your Rev. Body, and add a letter of our own, 
in testimony of the foregoing. We hereby do this with our 
hearty good-wishes. 

Reverend, Godly and Very Learned Sirs, 

Your humble servants and fellow laborers in the Lord, 

G. Du Bois. 

V. Antonides. 

Henricus Boel. 

See also Lib. A, Ch. of ]^. Y., 261-272, and Mercersberg Re- 
view, 1876. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Extracts (from Letters) from Gale 
and Staten Island. 

1728, Oct. 4th. Two extracts were read, one from a letter 
from Gale, the other from a letter from Staten Island. The Rev. 
(Deputati) are requested to furnish the Classis with a report 
(pre-advice) on these matters, x. 325. 


1728, Oct. 4th. Rev. Antonius Curtenius, having exhibited 
proper testimonials, and having preached a sermon in our As- 
sembly on Matt. 3 : 2, '^ Repent ye, for the Kingdom of heaven is 
at hand,'' requests to be received inter commendatos for the 
churches in foreign lands. This was granted, x. 326. 

* See letter from Pennsylvania to Classis, July, 1728. 


2440 Ecclesiastical Recokds 


Rev. iSTatlian Eriekzoii. 

1Y28, Oct. 4th. It was also announced by Rev. Honthof, in 
behalf of the Directors of the West India Company, that Rev. 
[Nathan Erickzon had been assigned as preacher to Cnracoa, hav- 
ing been formerly minister at \Yolterum. Having exhibited 
proper certificates, he was called by the Classis, and installed in 
office, having agreed to correspond with the Classis. He sub- 
mitted himself to the Formulae of Concord and the resolutions 
of Synod, x. 326. 

Acts of the Classis of Aj^isterdam. 


1728, Xov. 14th. It was reported by Rev. Houthof that the 
Deputati ad res Exteras had received a communication from New 
York in regard to the (German) churches in Pennsylvania. The 
Deputati were thereupon requested to write comfortingly to those 
congregations, and assure them of the future consideration of this 
case (about ordination of Boehm), and an answer thereto, and 
to furnish this Classis with a report (pre-advice) thereon. The 
Revs, van de Wal and Alsteyn are also requested to assist these 
Brethren, on account of their acquaintance with the German 
language, x. 328. 

Dutch Church of New York. 

Nov. 20, 1728. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. The contract 
which Capt. Rutgers, Mr. J. Roseveld and Mr. Banker had made, 
on Nov. 14, 1728, with the Carpenter and Mason of the New 
Church, was approved on Nov. 20, 1728, and ordered to be set 
for ad memorandum. 

The contract with Mr. Teunis Tiebouwt is as follows: The 
whole arched ceiling he is to make complete the clear length. 


THE State of Xew Y' 01:1-1. 2 ill 


the floor above the ceiling, and for this he is to have twenty five 

The contract of Jan Bogert and P. Brouwer is this: For every 
fifteen feet of the timber which they split and nail in the ceiling, 
the Chnrch is to pay them one ponnd and six shillings. 

G. dii Bois, p. t. Praeses. Liber B. 75. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 
The Classis of Amsterdam to the German Churches in 
Pennsylvania, under the care of Johan Philips Boehm, 
:N'ovember 28, 1728. xxix. 33. 'No. 3. 
Very Worthy and Much Beloved Brethren in the Lord: — 

On the reading of your communication, sent to us by way of 
New York, under date of July 1728, our Classis was deeply moved 
with sympathy at your distressed and lamentable condition, and 
at the same time felt that the reasonable complaints, which you 
poured into her bosom, had sufficient justification. Be assured 
that the Classis takes your cause to her heart, and according to her 
ability, will endeavor to devise and accomplish what may serve 
for the attainment of your wishes, and the improvement of your 

The principal matter, about which you request our judgment 
and assistance, appears so important to our Classis, that she will 
take it into careful consideration, in order to send you her matured 
judgment iipon the subject by the next opportunity. 

Meanwhile, Worthy Brethren, you will have need of patience, 
courage and prudence. Do not grow weary under your trials. 
Quit you like men. Be strong. Serve yourselves with such facil- 
ities as are at hand, i^eglect not the assembling of yourselves 
together, although you have to meet amid malicious adversaries. 
But be steadfast and immovable in the work of the Lord, know- 
ing that your labor is not in vain in the Lord. Are you not zeal- 
ous in a good cause ? By it, the glory of God and the interests of 


2442 Ecclesiastical Records 

the Kingdom of Jesus will be advanced. Search his Word con- 
stantly. Let your desires mount up before his throne in earnest 
supplications. Cast your troubles on the Lord. Eest in his wis- 
dom, power, mercy and fidelity, as the One who knows, and is 
able and willing to deliver all who put their trust in him. The 
good work he has begun among you, he is able also to finish ; and 
he does not let the work of his hands fail. He has often shown 
that he plants and preserves His church in spite of all opposition. 
Therefore, Brethren, be of good courage, and let not your hands 
hang down. Wait on the Lord, and he shall strengi;hen your 

May he who can do far more abundantly, above all that we are 
able to ask or think, hear you in your day of trouble. May he 
give you light for darkness, and endue you with wisdom, courage, 
fidelity, that you may persevere in your good work begun, with 
steadfast purpose of heart. May he cause you to experience in 
his own good time the desired results of all your efforts. May 
he fulfill all your pleasure. 

This is all we have to say at present. Expect more particular 
advice at the next opportunity. We remain with brotherly 

Respected and Much Beloved Brethren, 

Your servants and sympathising brethren in Christ, 
Cor. Houthoff, Ecc. Amst. et Dep ad res 

Exteras, p. t. Praeses. 
John Bakker, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. ad res 
Exteras, p. t. Scriba. 

To the Worthy, Godly and Esteemed Brethren, ^N". iST. X. N". 
members of the Consistories of the Reformed Churches in Penn- 
sylvania, especially of Falkner's Schwamp, Schipback and Wit 

This letter found also in Lib. A., 274, of Mints. Ch. of ¥ew 
York. Printed in Christian Intelligencer, September 23, 1852; 
in Mercersberg Review, 1876. 

OF THE State of 'New Yoek. 2443 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Ministers at ISTew 
York, December 1, 1728. xxLx. 34. Xo. 4. 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren: — 

The document accompanying this (of November 28, 1728,) is 
to the brethren in Pennsylvania. With their sad condition the 
Classis has great sympathy. The principal matter, which excites 
the greatest anxiety, is considered by Classis too important to 
give an opinion on hastily. Therefore, all the circumstances of 
the case will be considered carefully by the Deputies, that the case 
may be ready for decision at the next meeting of the Classis, and 
those brethren will be informed of the resolution of the Classis 
as soon as possible. 

Meanwhile, we have informed the brethren in Pennsylvania, 
that our Classis has accepted their complaints, and is ready to 
assist them by counsel and deeds. At the same time, they are 
exhorted to make use of the means of grace such as are ready at 
hand, until more favorable circumstances occur, to which end the 
Classis will use every endeavor. 

The address, by reason of the omission of the same in the 
letters of those brethren, can only be expressed in a general way. 
We therefore request that you will forward our letter to them, 
enclosed in this, as soon as possible. 

As for the rest, the Deputies desire that everything in the 
churches of ISTew ]N"etherland may be done in a regular manner. 
We say this, especially because complaints are sent up, in regard 
to the refusal (in certain places) to receive ordinary church-certi- 
ficates. It will be agreeable to our Classis that every one act in 
this matter, not according to personal feelings, but according to 
the common Church-Order. The Classis thinks that as to the 
accepting of certificates, it is safer to follow the usual order of 



2444 Ecclesiastical Records 

the church, than that church interests should be controlled h}\ 
personal considerations. 
Herewith, etc., etCc 

Dutch Chuech of Xew York. 

Dec. 12, 1728. 

After calling on God's name, the Consistory Resolved, That 
for the use of the Velvet Pall, eighteen shillings shall be paid 
each time ; for the new Black Cloth Pall, twelve shillings ; for the 
old Black Cloth Pall, eight shillings. 

Mr. Cook shall be directed, until further ordered, to play on 
the organ when " Church is going out," the Psalm which has 
just been sung. 

Liber B. 79. 

Dutch Church of ^ew York. 

Jan. 9, 1728-9. [1729.] 

After calling on God's name, it was unanimously Resolved by 
the Consistory, That the Church Masters should pay to Mr. Cook 
his last quarter's salary for playing on the organ, due the 15th 
of December last, (1728). And while they forgive him for nine- 
teen days absence, which was allowed him by the Consistory, yet 
for all additional absences, there shall each time be struck off 
nine shillings, ^ew York currency, according to agreement: and 
he shall give a receipt m full to December 15th. 

He shall also be told bv the Church Masters, in the name of the 
Consistory, to abstain from all scornful reflections upon the Con- 
sistory, the congregation, or the services, and to play as ordered, 
lest the Consistory be compelled to take other measures. 

Liber B. 77. 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 2445 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 

Staten Island. 

1729, Jan. lltli. Regarding Staten Island, the Rev. Depiitati 
had requested the ministers in 'New York to consider certificates 
from the ministers on Staten Island, as given, not as the act of the 
minister alone, but as the act of the Consistory. The Rev. Depu- 
tati were thanked for their efforts, x. 328. 

Dutch Chuech of New Yoek. 

Jan. 30, 1728-9. (1729'.) 

Subsequently, Mr. Cook informed the Consistory in writing, 
that his prolonged stay in Philadelphia, was occasioned by the 
great infirmity of his hand. This was also exactly confirmed by a 
written certificate of Thos. Greener, M. D., of Philadelphia. Mr. 
Cook also declared his aversion to (the case of) scornful reflec- 
tions, and hoped that the Consistory would not think him guilty 
of any neglect of duty, nor deal with him the rigor of the law. 

The Consistory considered this matter. Then, with full con- 
sent of the absent members, they unanimously Resolved, That to 
show theii* good will to Mr. Cook, the full sum of a quarterns 
salary should be paid him by the Church Masters, on a receipt in 
full to December 15. And once again, they seriously request 
Mr. Cook to consider, that if he is fully paid for his organ ser- 
vice, he should, at least, properly perform (the duties of) his of- 
fice, and give to every one reasonable satisfaction. This was the 
way for him not to become liable to the charge of neglect, and 
not make it necessary for the Consistory to proceed further in the 
matter. — Liber B. 77. 



2446 Ecclesiastical K-ecoeds 

Classis oe Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Testimony of Pietersen and Van N^ostrand concerning a 
meeting between Kev. Frelingliuysen and Complainants, 
about January 1729? 

Letter of Gerbrant Petersen and Caspanis Van E'ostrand, 
to the Classis of Amsterdam. (Jan. 1729?) 

(PortfoHo '' :N'ew York '' Vol. i.) 

No. 1. 

We^ tbe undersigned, do by these presents declare, that we, 
with Peter du Mont, Simon Wyckoff, Henry Vrooman, and Daniel 
Sebering, called on Rev. Prilinghuysen on January 13, 1729, 
when the following in substance occurred: They made known 
to Rev. Frelinghuysen, that they had received a letter from the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and were prepared, by their High 
Reverend orders, to settle the dispute with Rev. Frelinghuysen. 
They therefore asked Rev. Frelinghuysen if he would be pleased 
to annul the excommunication, in accordance with the advice of 
the Rev. Classis? Rev. Frelinghuysen thereupon replied that he 
had had no word from the Classis, and he must first have a copy of 
the letter of Classis to them four, and must also first confer with 
his consistory. They offered to bring a copy to Rev. Frelinghuy- 
sen, provided he would promise that he would then annul the 
act of excommunication, in accordance with the advice and the 
writing of the Rev. Classis. Rev. Frelinghuysen said: ^'I will 
not do it upon your suggestion." They answered: " ]^ot upon 
our own suggestion do we request it, but upon that of the Classis 
of Amsterdam." Rev. Frelinghuysen again answered: Not at 
your suggestion. They again said: We ask it not on our own 
suggestion. Rev. Frelinghuysen replied: This is a counter- 
question; there occurs more in the letter, or you would give a 

OF THE State of [N'ew Yoek. 2447 


copy. And lie stuck to this Tvithout declaring whether he would 

submit to your high and honorable decision. 

Gerbrant Pietersen, 
Casparus Van Noorstrandt. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen to the '^ Complainants " at Raritan 
February 3, 1729. 

Letter of T. J. Frelinghuysen to Mr. P. du Mont, S. Wyckoff, H. 


[Portfolio, '' [N-ew York '' Vol. i.] 

Respected Sirs, P. du Mont, S. Wyckoff, H. Vroom. 


Inasmuch as our Domine has received a letter from the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, we inform you that we are fully ready, 
prepared, and willing to follow up the advice of Classis and to 
withdraw the Ban, on these conditions. 

1. If you make a confession of guilt for your improper con- 
duct in reference to the teaching and the preaching of our 

2. If you acknowledge him to be an orthodox minister, and 
that his teachings are orthodox. 

3. If you join again in the services of our church, and will 
conduct yourselves as obedient hearers, and peaceful members. 

On these conditions we promise on our part to annul the sen- 
tence of excommunication, as having no more force, and, we will 
acknowledge you as members of our church. If you are now 
willing to follow the coimsels of peace of the Rev. Classis, we 

2448 Ecclesiastical Reco>kds 


hope that you will be on your guard against evil counselors; and 

that jou will let us have a reply, in writing, by next Thursday, 

February 20. Then, if we are in health we shall meet at the 

house of P. Bonkal, (Broka, in another letter), at which time and 

place we amicably invite you to a conference, to consider, and 

if possible, establish peace. Expect on our part nothing but an 

aifectionate reception. If, however, which Ave do not want to 

believe, you refuse to follow the advice of Classis, we protest 

against all evil consequences which may result. The God of 

Peace incline your heart to reconciliation mth the church. 

Your servant etc. 

T. J. Frelinghuysen. 

Elbert Stodho'f. 

Raritan, 3 February, 1728/9. 

We invite you to come on next Thursday, February 20, to 
the house of Peter Bonkal (Broka?) to a mutual conference to 
consider the peace-counsel of the Bev. Classis. Expect on our 
part nothing but an affectionate reception. The God of Peace 
incline your hearts to reconciliation with the church. 

Your servant^ etc. 

Earitan, Feb. 13, 1728/9. 

P. S. — They appeared. Thereupon the requirement of the 
Rev. Classis was read to them, with the offer to let them read 
it for themselves. This they declined to do. 

The requirement, in the name of Classis, enclosed in a letter 
to Rev. Frelinghuysen by the Messrs. C. Houthoff and John 
Bancker, read verbatim as follows: 

^' You must also know, that from the Complainants also we 
require a confession of guilt for their imprudent acts; an ac- 
knowledgement of you as an orthodox minister; and further, all 
esteem and love for your person and services.'' They, however, 
refused to submit, sa^dng that such Avas not in their letter. The 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2449 

Domine was also accommodating, that lie said, more tlian once, 
that so far as he was concerned he demanded no special esteem 
from them, but would he content with a confession of guilt, and 
an acknowledgement of his doctrine as being orthodox. Peter 
du Mont then read a letter, in which were many questions; but 
he refused to give a copy of it. The requirements of the Rev. 
Classis from Eev. Frilinghuysen, in the same letter was this, 
verbatim : 

" We accordingly take the liberty of recommending to you 
these names for securing the peace: 

1. That you shall readily acknowledge, that in several in- 
stances you might have spoken or done otherwise than what you 
have spoken or done. In particular, that 
(Copy ends here.) 

Dutch Ciiurcit of Xew Yoek. 

March 6, 1728-9. (1729.) 

Great Consistory held. All the members of the Ruling Con- 
sistory were present, except Frederic Van Cortland, who was 
out of the city. 

Of the former members (of Consistory) were present: Jacob 
Van Cortland, J. Cruger, A. Marschalk, Philip Van Cortland, 
A. Van Home, J. Goelet, A. Abrahamse, W. Roseboom, G. 
Keteltas, A. Van Vleck, Jac. Rosevelt, H. Rutgers, A. Van 
Wjck. — Absent: J. Boele, L. H. de Klein, Cornelius de Peyster, 
J. Hardenbrook, H. Van Gelden, Wm. Provoost, Jas. Van 
Hoorne, Garret Van Home, Adrian Man, G. Van Imbury, A. 
Keteltas, B. W^mkoop, O. Teller, C. Louw, A. Lefferts, H. Van 
Spiegel, Cornelius Van Horn, Jan^s Zoon, Michael Vaagten, 
Benj. Smithy J. Moons and Chs. La Roux. 

After calling on God's name, the following Resolution of the 
Ruling Consistory was laid before the meeting, viz., 

^' That the Consistory is in great need of funds to go on with 
the :N'ew Church. Indeed, in place of the £2200., ordered by 


24-50 Ecclesiastical Records 

the Great Consistory to be taken from the Treasury already 
£2400. have been paid out, and the Treasury is, at present, £1000. 
in arrears." 

It was proposed, therefore, 

1. To go around in the congregation and ask each one for a 
loan. These voluntary loans to be repaid out of the first moneys 
in hand, which the Consistory can spare. 

2. If it should be thought better, to go round, and ask each 
one for a voluntary contribution, and thus bring no further dif- 
ficulties in the Treasury. 

The unanimous Resolution was — To go round for a contribu- 
tion. If that does not prove sufficient, then to ask different 
individuals for a voluntary loan upon the condition above pro- 
posed. But Col. Van Cortland alone thought that the Consis- 
tory should first sell the pews in the New Church, and thus en- 
deavor to help themselves, before applying to the congregation. 

At this same meeting, the former members (of the Consistory) 
having withdrawn, the Ruling Consistory determined. That it 
should be made known in writing to the Congregation, and the 
sooner the better, that the Consistory would apply (to each one) 
for a free gift for the building of the Xew Church, and affec- 
tionately request a liberal subscription. 

The Written Request 
R^ad from the Pulpit on the 9th and the 16th of March, 1729. 
Dearly Beloved in the Lord: — 

Inasmuch as the Dutch Reformed Church of our Lord and 
Savior Jesus Christ, in the City of Xew York, daily grows, and 
is ever increasing more and more; and since this is a clear proof 
of God's mercy, and grace in Christ, shining upon us; for many 
excellent men and women are lacking seats in the church, and 
this applies both to old and young: and inasmuch, beyond ques- 
tion, this lack of seats will increase in a few years, by the growth 
of the youth; now in order that this lack maj^ work no harm to 

OF THE State of Isbw York. 2451 


the congregation, and that every appearance of pretext for with- 
drawing from our congregation may be removed ; and that, on the 
other hand, every one may use his best endeavors to promote the 
pure worship of God among us: 

Therefore, on the 7th of March, two years ago, the Great 
Consistory, i. e. all the members now in office in the Church, as 
well as all who have ever been, 

Resolved, after calling on God's name. That the building of 
the New Church should be begun with money out of the Deacons' 
Treasury. This was only done that no burden should be laid 
upon the congregation except under extremest necessity. 

From that time this pious work has been carried forward with 
great zeal, and has been so far, partially completed, as every one 
sees and knows. ISTevertheless, the cost of the building has been, 
very much beyond the estimates, on account of the great size of 
the church-building. Hence all the money of the Deacons' Fund 
(the corporate funds?) which has been applied to this purpose, 
has been found to be not enough to pay the debts already con- 

Therefore, the Great Consistory on the 6th of this month, 
after calling upon God's name, maturely considered this grievous 
perplexity. They finally concluded that this excellent building 
must, if possible, be carried forward to completion; and that, 
therefore, certain persons should go around our congregation on 
this special business, and earnestly and persistently request every- 
one who belongs to our church, to be pleased, in view of this 
pious object, and of our great necessities, to make a liberal sub- 
scription in the ISTame of the Lord, toward the expenses necessary 
to push this building forward; for the exercise, by us and our 
children after us, of this our Reformed worship. 

Therefore the Ruling Consistory deemed it necessary that this 
determination and wholesale enterprise should, at the first oppor- 
tunity, be made known to this Christian assembly, that every one 
may be moved by these considerations to a speedy subscription 

2452 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

and to a bountiful gift. It is on this account, tiicrefore^ 
DEARLY BELOVED IN THE LORD, that we in the kindliest 
manner, appeal to each and every one of you, with all proper 
urgency, and on the basis of those Christian principles which we 
know that you possess. 

Consider, w^e beseech you, the pious object in which your lead- 
ers are engaged for the edification of you all. The building 
which has been undertaken, is not for others, but for you: for 
your o^vn exercises of worship, and those of your children after 
you, for many years to come. This we hope, because of God's 
gracious protection of you, as well as of his whole Church in 
these parts, hitherto, against all the secret and open violence of 

We must confess, to your praise that you have proved your 
liberality to other congregations, yes, even to those who were 
never in the fellowship of the Reformed Church. This gives 
ground for our expectation that your Christian benevolence will 
not be refused to your own flesh; especially, since the work 
begun, cannot be completed without your support. 

Was not the undertaking of it, in the first place, equally agree- 
able to all? And since it has progressed so far already, we be- 
seech you, let the spirit of Christian unity and harmony triumph 
in every one of you, unto mutual liberality, and for the progress 
desired of the entei-prise. 

Bounty and charity to the needy are offerings in which the 
Lord has great pleasure. The voluntary gifts for the rearing 
of the earthly Tabernacle stands recorded in the Holy Books not 
only as acceptable testimonials to the Lord to the praise of Israel; 
but also as a significant example of instruction to us. Eor what 
also are your charities for the building of God's house, than a 
willing consecration to the Lord of your temporal possessions. 
But these you have received from Him, of His pure bounty, from 
Him, who is the Giver of all good. Oh ! everything is from the 
Lord, and the gift which you have, is from his hand alone. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2453 

Let, then, every one of you, Brethren and Sisters in tlie Lord, 
give to tMs praiseworthy and pious work, according as each one 
has been blessed by Him. And thus will your love for the honor 
of God's name, and the advancement of His pure worship among 
us, remain in blessings of joy even down to our posterity. 

The Apostles stirred up the Corinthians to liberal collections 
for the poor, by allusion to the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
He, though he was rich, had yet for their sakes become poor, that 
they, by his poverty, might become rich. AYe pray God, to 
arouse your liberality for the completion of this place of wor- 
ship. It can serve only for the overthrow of the kingdom of 
darkness, and for the establishment and advancement of the 
kingdom of Grace among us, by the clear and powerful exhibi- 
tion of the comforting Gospel; and that God's rich heavenly 
blessings, procured for his chosen ones by Christ's obedience unto 
death, done only through his zeal for their salvation, may, by his 
spirit, be ministered unto you as true believers, and be actually 
poured out upon you for your everlasting preservation there, 
where no earthly treasures can be taken. 

So then, BELOVED IX THE LORD, may Jehovah God, the 
Father of mercy, incite your hearts to a generous liberality, and 
bind your souls together in indissoluble bonds, of peace, and 
with an equal desire to see the Xew Building completed! May 
He cause his mercy to rest upon you and your children! May 
He make you successful in temporal matters, and bless you in 
the times to come; here, in grace, hereafter in glory. 

Done according to the order of the Ruling Consistory, in 
New York, March 6, 1728/9. 

G. du Bois, p. t. Praeses. 

After the public reading of the foregoing, it was deemed best 
to delay carrying it out, because of the length of the ^vinter, the 
very general sickness prevailing, and the many deaths. Mean- 
while, the Consistory requested from his Excellency, John Mont- 



2454 Ecclesiastical Records 

gomery, our Governor, authority to make a collection in the City. 
To this his Excellency immediately acceded, and on the 25th of 
April, gave his consent and favor in writing, a copy of which is 
in the Book of Church-Acts. 

Whereupon, having been signed, first, by the Great Consistory, 
and afterward, by the Ruling Consistory, at their Chamber, the 
paper was taken around, and such progress was made (in getting 
subscriptions) as is mentioned below. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

The Complainants at Raritan to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuyse-n, 

March 29, 1729. 

(Portfolio " Xew York " Vol. i.) 
Ko. 3. 

Rev. Frelinghuysen : 

It is stated in the letter from you and Elbert Stoothoff to us, 
that you are fully prepared and willing to follow up the advice 
of the Rev. Classis, and to annul the sentence of excommunica- 
tion on certain conditions, etc., but in the letter from the Rev. 
Classis to us there is not a word about Elbert Stoothoff nor 
about your consistory; but the Reverend Classis writes us ex- 
pressly, that it would be best that the way of peace be managed 
by you. Rev. Frelinghuysen, and by us, without the intervention 
of others. They insist upon this, steadily, throughout their 
entire letter. But if that plan cannot succeed, the Rev. Classis 
submits to our consideration, whether there could not be chosen 
persons in this country, representing each side, for the purpose 
of effecting a reconciKation. This suggestion does not indicate 
how even your Consistory or Elbert Stoothoff could be included 
therein; (or, how equality could be attained?) after the annul- 
ment of a lawfully executed sentence of excommunication, as you 
stiU imagine; nor yet how you should communicate the most 
important arguments to us in writing. You may decline the 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 2455 

proposition from the Reverend Classis; but we insist upon its 
counsels of peace, without the intervention of others. You also 
write: We are prepared to follow up that advice on these con- 
ditions, etc.; when it should be, on the conditions in the advice 
of the Classis, by you, (alone). Rev. Frelinghuysen, with us. 

Therefore we make our reply only to Rev. Frelinghuysen : 
The three conditions proposed to us in your letter, really amount 
to the same thing, as those in your fonner letters of Citation. 
Therefore we request you, to write in compliance with the letter 
of Classis sent to you. That would be a true carrying out of 
their advice. The Rev. Classis makes demands of both sides in 
its letter to us; and says it writes the same to you; that we 
should mutually labor for the restoring of the breach; because 
it seldom happens in such serious disputes, that all the blame will 
be found on one side, and this is far from being the case here. 
Hence the Rev. Classis has been far from considering, that your 
(personal) exercise of the ban has any force; or from declaring 
us cut off from the church; for they constantly address us as 
'• Brethren in the Lord." 

The Rov. Classis places it before each side, before you and 
before us, that you, Rev. Frelinghuysen, as well as ourselves, 
must confess, that in some instances we have spoken and acted 
imprudently; and neither does the Rev. Classis say that you, 
Elbert Stoothoff, or others, have to make any declarations at 
all. We agree, then, on our part, that they have not to annul 
the ban, as being of no force; nor to acknowledge us as mem- 
bers of your church; but that you, Rev. Frelinghuysen must 
promise to annul the ban pronounced against us, in the best and 
most suitable manner possible; and recognize and treat us as 
members of the church. And these things, instead of your for- 
mer imprudence, you will please henceforth to observe and show 
forth in very deed. This, then, will be (recognized) by the 
Rev. Classis as prudent and orthodox speaking and acting on 
your part. 


2456 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

We then, also, at the same time are prepared, by order of the 

Reverend Classis, to make acknowledgements and to promise to 

conduct ourselves, as members of the church ought to do, in 

regard to our orthodox pastor, and to show an abhorrence of all 

imprudence and impropriety; and to be on our guard against 

such things. And then your conclusion is, the God of peace 

incline your hearts unto reconcihation with the church. That of 

the letter of Classis to us, is. That we should by all means be 

reconciled to each other, in the spirit of gentleness and friendly 

accommodation, and submit to their orders. We subscnbe 


Peter Dumont 

Symon Wyckoff 
Henry Vroom 
Daniel Sebering. 

March 29, 1729. 

To Mr. Theodore Jacob Frelinghuysen, 

Pastor at Raritan. 

Dutch Chukch of Xew Yoex. 

Xew York, May 22, 1729. 

Consistory held. After calling on God's Xame, it was 

Resolved, 1. That the north and south wall of the Xew Church, 
and of the Tower, should immediately be carried up as high as 
the ridge of the roof. (This is obscure. Does it mean the north 
wall along Liberty street, and the south wall, at the opposite 
end, toward Cedar street? or does it mean the north wall and 
south wall of the Tower. The church stood near Liberty street, 
the Tower being on the Liberty street end; a large yard was on 
the Cedar street end; the space along Nassau street was used for 
burials. The writer has yet, (1902), a distinct remembrance of 
the ground and building, before it was leased for the Post-Office 
in 1844.) 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2457 

2. That the church shall be made close (tight?) all the way 
round, with doors, sashes and wooden windows (shutters?) 

3. That in place of more windows in the Tower, on each story, 
as they are now beginning to make (them?) and ^vvill proceed, 
east, west and north (on the east side, west side and north side {I) 
the south side being against the peak of the roof,) there shall 
only be openings in the Tower for light, outwardly, six inches 
wide, and about three feet high; but inwardly, running wider. 

4. That on the north church wall, on either side of the Tower, 
in front of (opposite?) the two lofts of the roof, where it will 
suit best, there shall be windows, each 18 inches broad, and 2i 
feet high. 

5. On the south side, in the second story of the roof and in 
the middle, shall be two moveable windows. And the oval there, 
on either side, in place of glass, shall be masoned up and wains- 
coted outside, with wood painted like glass. But the highest oval, 
in the midst of the top (near the peak) shall be of glass. 

6. That lead color, for a priming, shall be laid on the frame 
of the ceiling. 

7. Mr. Van der Heul shall obtain a special account of all the 
work and expenses on the Xew Church, every three weeks; and 
he shall, as Director, furnish a prompt statement of the same to 
the Consistoiy, who shall (then) meet, to know how the costs 

8. That the wood-work of the Tower shall not be made, im.til 
a model of the same has been shown to the Consistory, and ap- 
proved by them. 

Acts of the Classis of A:msteeda:m. 

'"' The Mirror which does not Flatter ' ' approved. 

1729, April 4th. The Messrs. Examinatores Librorum report 
that they have examined a pamphlet entitled " Spiegel die niet 
Vleyt '' ('^ Mirror which does not Flatter ") by Frelinghuysen, 



-458 Ecclesiastical Records 

and declare that they have found nothing in it that is in conflict 
with God's Word and the Formulae of Concord. Classis there- 
fore gives its approval of the same. x. 332. 
[See last Entry under 1729.] 


Dutch Church at Xew York. (April 5, 1729.) 

By his Excellency Jno. Montgomerie, Esq., etc. 

To all Charitable and well Disposed Persons Inhabiting the City of New York: 

Whereas the Ministers Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch 
Church of the City of New York have by their humble Petition presented to me 
Set forth, That the Congregation of the said Church has Subsisted ever since this 
Province was planted by Christians; and Demeaned themselves in such orderly 
and Peaceable Manner, that by a Charter of Incorporation in the year 1696 their 
Church and Real Estate and all their Religious Rights were confirmed unto them 
and their Successors forever according to the Constitution and Directions of the 
Reformed Churches in Holland approved and instituted by the National Synod 
of Dort That by the blessing of God the said Congregation is now become so 
numerous that very often their present Church will not contain all the members 
of it, so that many of them are obliged to Refraine from coming to the Publick 
Worship for want of room That for preventing the Inconveniences aforesaid, and 
to Promote Divine Worship for the Glory of God and the Salvation of Souls the 
Petitioners by and with the Consent and approbation of other members in Com- 
munion with them, purchased a convenient spot of ground from Mr. David Jamai- 
son Lying and being to the northward of the French Church in the northward 
of this City, and built thereon another Larger Church so far as to get the same 
under Roof, the cost and charge whereof having already exceeded their Stock, 
so that a considerable Sum will yet be requisite to Complete the Same for the 
Pious use it is intended for And for as much as they and many of the Congre- 
gation of the said Dutch Church have at all times bountifully Contributed to the 
building and Embellishing of other Protestant Churches more particularly the 
Church of England in this City, they are in hopes their voluntary assistance add- 
ing to those of the Dutch Congregation, will Enable them to finish, and compleat 
the Church aforesaid Wherefore pray that I would be pleased to grant the Peti- 
tioners a Lycence to Crave the voluntary assistance and Contributions of all well 
disposed Persons within the City of New York for Compleating a Structure alto- 
gether intended for Divine Worship* according to the Discipline and Government 
of the Reformed Dutch Church, as it is Established by the Synod held at Dort 
in the years 1B18 <fe 1619 and to no other use or purpose whatsoever, which pious 
undertaking I being willing to promote and Encourage have thought fit to grant 
unto the said Ministers Elders and Deacons of the said Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church of the City of New York. Leave Licence and Liberty to Collect 
and Receive the free Voluntary and Charitable Contributions of all Christian and 
well Disposed Inhabitants of the City of New York, towards the finishing and 
Compleating the before mentioned Dutch Church by them begun as by their 
Petition is Set forth and for so doing this shall be to them a Suflacient Warrant 
Given under my hand and Seal at Arms at Fort George in New York the twenty 
fifth day of April in the Second Year of his Majesty's Reign Annoq Domini 1729. — 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 291, 292. 

* The Church above alluded to was erected in 1729; it stood between Cedar and 
Liberty streets, and was occupied as the Post Office, New York City, 1844-1878. 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 2459 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen to the Complainants, 
April 19, 1729. 

(Portfolio, " 'New York/' Vol. i.) 

Ko. 4. — Respected Sirs, Messrs. Peter Dmnont, Symon Wyckoff, 
and Henry Vroom: 

It seems strange to me that yon take it in evil part, that I 
take counsel with my consistory, while yon read your letters 
to me before the entire gathering which Rev. Koens (Coens) of 
Aquackononck, holds here. Is that stated in your letter? One 
might think from your long-continued and fruitless opposition 
to my preaching, that you had learned at least this much: that 
I am not compelled to allow you to prescribe laws for me. That 
which the Classis demands of me, as the way toward peace, is 
this: that I should freely confess, that in several instances, things 
might have been said or done somewhat differently from what 
they were said or done. In particular: that which was done 
by me alone — that should have been reported to the consistory; 
Yea, should also have been done by the consistory; and that 
somethings should not have been done without communication 
with the Rev. Classis. To all this, I yield, out of love of peace, 
and from respect for the Classis; but with this limitation: that 
then also no new consistory ought to have been constituted and 
installed in this land without communication wdth the Rev. 
Classis, in accordance with Art. 38 of our Church Order.* 

But the intention was, not that I should have to confess that 
the ban was unlawful; for then also would all the consistories 
be unlawful which have been constituted here without consulting 
Avith the Classis; for the one thing is demanded in the Church 

* Art. 38. " No new Consistory shall be constituted in any particular place with- 
out the previous advice and concurrence of the Classis; and where the number of 
elders is too small, the deacons may be admitted as members of the Consistory." 


2460 Ecclesiastical Records 


Order just as mucli as the other; such a confession (that the ban 
was unlawfull) you need never expect from me. But that which 
Eev. Classis demands of you, as the way to peace, is this: "We 
require of the Complainants an acknowledgement of their im- 
prudence, and the recognition of you, (Frelinghuysen) as an 
orthodox minister; and an exhibition of all honor and love both 
for person and services. If you wish to comply with this, that is, 
to make confession of guilt, and to recognize me as an orthodox 
minister, and will furnish this to me over your otntl signatures, 
then I will mtlidraw the ban, and in such a way that the Rev. 
Classis ^vi\l take pleasure therein. And then, to fill up your 
measure, I will gladly consent that impartial persons dwelling 
among us may be chosen as arbitrators, as I proposed in my first 

Your coming back to our church was suggested, in compliance 
"vvith the advice of Classis; but as far as I am concerned, you 
are free to remain with the gathering which Rev. Koens (Coens) 
organized here as early as 1727, as I told you by word of mouth 
at our mutual conference. But in order to prevent any misap- 
prehensions, which you might have about this, I am forced to 
make also some remarks on this matter. I will not say that I 
approve such acts on the part of Rev. Koens (Coens); no, that 
be far from me. Let his preaching, his baptizing of children, 
his administration of the Lord's Supper here at Raritan, rest 
on his own responsibility at the Divine Judgement seat, and be- 
fore the Ecclesiastical Court; neither would I ever consent that 
he should preach in our church. If he should attempt such a 
bold thing, he woiild see what we would do Avith him. But I 
have no authority over your bams, in which he preaches. But 
that I offered you the privilege of not coming back to our 
church, was in order to show you my accommodating spirit. 
Thus, too, this will be looked on by impartial persons; but if any 
one of your number joins our church again, he shall be treated 
as a member of the church. You may interpret or explain your 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2461 

letter from the Classis as you think best. Any one who has 
a good memory knows well enough what was the nature of the 
dispute between me and you: namely, whether I were an ortho- 
dox or a false teacher. But inasmuch as it has pleased the 
Classis to require of you an acknowledgement of me as an ortho- 
dox minister, this suffices me. 

I am unwilling to believe that you will use your letter to 
awaken new disafFections, in opposition to the aims of the Classis. 
The Classis, indeed, admonished both sides to peace, in an earnest 
and affectionate manner. But if you should do so, I should be 
compelled to announce publicly from the pulpit, how matters 
stand. Of what force the ban is, mil be clear in that day 
when it shall appear whether your word, or God's Word is the 
truth. It is desirable, however, that you people do not longer 
disregard the salutary and just demand of Classis, but readily 
comply with it. Without such compliance, you will look in vain 
for the withdrawal of the ban. 

Yours ^^dlling to serve, 

T. J. Frelinghuysen. 
Earitan, April 19, 1729. 

Addressed to 

Symon Wyckoff. 

We attest that this agrees with the original. 

V. Antonides 

Henricus Boel. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Correspondence in America. 

The '^ Complainants '' at Raritan to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen, 

June 10, 1729. 

(Port-folio, " Xew York,'' Vol. i.) 
Xo. 5. Rev. Frelinghuysen: 

Inasmuch as Mr. Peter du Mont was away from home, even as 
far as Esopus, and did not come back until the last of May, your 

2462 Ecclesiastical Records 


letter of April 19 could not be answered sooner. We did not 
write you, that we took it in evil part, that you took counsel 
with your Consistory; but only that there is not one word of 
^' Consistory " in the Classical letter, with which you professed to 
wish to comply. Although you, according to your own views, 
again annex conditions, do you not also confess, that your Con- 
sistory does not need to hold a session for this business, since 
you now vn-ite without it? We did not read the letter which 
we sent you to the whole gathering of Rev. Koens (Coens), but 
we had to read it to our f ellow-C'omplainants. We are their rep- 
resentatives, and reading it to them, followed as a matter of 
course, from the Classical letter to us alL It was done so 
as to bring about a reconciliation of us all, if possible. We do 
not compel you to allow us to prescribe laws to you, but we 
answered you in compliance with the Classical letter. 

That prescribed laws both for you and us. You write, that 
our long-continued opposition to your preaching is fruitless. 
This may be so in your view; and it is further confirmed by your 
to us well-known manner of acting. Nevertheless, this does not 
give you any right to prescribe the law to us, as you begin again 
to do with your particular conditions, proceeding thus again as 
formerly. For example, as in your writing and mentioning some- 
thing about the Classical letter to you, to which you profess 
your submission: 

1. From respect for the Rev. Classis; while, nevertheless, your 
followers would have passed by the members of the Rev. Classis 
and given authority to private persons at Rotterdam, for a call 
to be made out for ISTavesink. But they knew all about l^ave- 
sink, without your instigations. 

2. And again; you write that your submission is with this 
limitation: but this is again something, which the Classical let- 
ter does not suggest; but you, over here, suggest it, as an addi- 
tion, saying, that there ought to be no new Consistories formed 
in this land without communication with the Rev. Classis; but 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2463 

if the Classis grants such a principle, (that Consistories can be 
formed independently of Classis), then you also will hold as 
lawful your exercise of the ban without communication with the 
Classis, and even when disapproved by it. Beautiful respect, 
this, for the Rev. Classis! and fine submission thereto. And 
again: If such a Consistory be lawful, then your ban is also 
lawful! Upon your own premises, does not this confess unlaw- 
fulness of the ban which you executed? And agaiQ; when you 
subsequently, as it were, challenge Rev. Koens (Coens) before 
the Divine and the Ecclesiastical judgement seats, for forming a 
new Consistory, and declare his act unlawful; for however much 
it differs from the executing of the ban, yet you place both 
on the same level; yea, you do even more, you even threaten 
him, should he ever attempt to preach in your churches. i!s"ow, 
is all this power of yours for doing such things expressed in the 
letter to you from the Rev. Classis? Or does all this proceed 
from respect and submission towards the Classis? Or does it 
not manifest anew, that over against the Rev. Classis, you as- 
sume to yourself alone the exercise of the ban, without commu- 
nication mth the Rev. Classis ? For you doubtless find somethiag 
in the letter of the Rev. Classis to you, about the unlawfulness 
of your ban; otherwise you would not write about it as you do 
to us, and of your limitations and conditions; nor yet of annul- 
ling it, as in your previous letter, and now again, t^dce, in this 
your second letter. For the Rev. Classis demands an annulling 
of the ban by you alone; but this could not be required in the 
case of a lawful ban, but would have to be done by the Consis- 
tory, after communication with Rev. Classis. Thus the Rev. 
Classis itself states to you what you must confess in your acknowl- 
edgement of guUt. Therefore you would better not write : '' such 
a confession you need never expect from me; '' But: " The Rev. 
Classis need never expect from me." That seems nearer to your 
meaning; and thus appears your respect for the Rev. Classis. 
And, moreover, did you not allow yourself to be invited by just 



2464 Ecclesiastical Records 

such gatherings, and organize Consistories at Schraalenbiirgh and 
Paramiis, after the departure of Rev. Erickson, in order to 
preach there ^ And did yon not preach there? Yet for such 
conduct, according to your letter, Rev. Coens should be simi- 
naoned to give account before the Divine and Ecclesiastical judge- 
ment seats! And, Tvhat Rev. Coens may have done, does that 
justify your action against us more than six years ago? or does 
this belong to our present business? 

Let us try to bring your statements together, and to harmonize 
them: That such a confession, as that your ban was unla^^ul, 
Tve need never expect from you. And after that : '^ What force 
the ban has shall some day be revealed." And, at the same time: 
'* In order to fill up our measure, you nevertheless are willing 
that impartial persons living among us should be chosen as 
arbitrators ?'' But what then shall '"impartial persons" do, as 
arbitrators with this your last utterance, about this most serious 
subject — the ban? and, precisely, ''those living among us?" 
How definitely (they are to act) the Classis does not write? 

But according to your own statement, does not the Rev. Classis 
write as follows: 

1. That you, in several instances, should have spoken and 
acted otherwise than you did speak and act? ^ght that remark, 
perhaps, have reference to your orthodoxy? 

2. More specifically; that something was done by you alone, 
which should have been done in conjunction with the Consistory. 
May not this refer to your applying the law to the church, ac- 
cording to your o^vn view of it; and, therefore, this does not refer 
to your orthodoxy? 

3. That you, in conjunction with the Consistory, had done 
that, which >liould not have been done, \\4thout communication 
with the Classis. This must, in a most special manner, have ref- 
erence to the ban. 

Therefore, the meaning of the letter of the Rev. Classis may 
easily be understood: That your ban has never been of any 


OF THE State of ^STew York. 2465 


validity; nor, as it should be, that jo\i are to be acknowledged 
as orthodox in this particular. Therefore '' our confession of 
guilt " cannot be about that which the Rev. Classis declares to 
have been blameworthy in you; nor do they acknowledge you to 
be orthodox, in that which you ought never to have done at all; 
or in that which you should never have spoken, nor have done 
in such a way; or in that which you did alone by yourself in such 
a way: but in all these matters, your confession must be to us, 
and with improvement and reparation; and that you do not speak 
nor act, any more, as heretofore, as in the case of your Citations, 
etc. After this you again begin anew; but in place of this must 

your orthodox speaking and doing Our aversion 

to imprudent actions, we have already professed in our letter. 
The Classis, in their letter to us, also attributes imprudent ac- 
tions to you, in regard to us. Therefore you must likemse ac- 
knowledge your imprudent acts. Xow there has been no lawful 
ban at all; either on your part, as imprudently executed; neither, 
as pronounced upon us, as upon those who are merely declared 
to have been imprudent; just as you have been declared to have 
acted imprudently toward us, by the Eev. Classis. Therefore, 
you are not to withdraw the ban, but the Classis is to declare it 
a nullity, as a ban which ought never to have been executed. 
Does this accord also with your compliance with the Classical 
counsels of peace which you profess? 

In that you also write, that, as far as you are concerned, we 
are free to remain vdth Rev. Coens' church-assembly. Contrary 
to the Classis, then, you wish simply to be rid of us: and, accord- 
ing to your declaration, to hand us over anew, to an accounting 
before the Di^-ine and Ecclesiastical judgement seats. Is that 
an exhibition of your love of peace? Is this to manifest your 
indulgent spirit as you call it? and that it will so be regarded by 
all impartial persons? 

And again: You write, that you never would give consent 
that Rev. Coens should preach in our church, and so forth. May 


2466 Ecclesiastical Records 

not this be commented on thus? You did permit a dissenting 
candidate, in one of the churches where you preached, at the Com- 
munion, to offer a prayer in English, before a Dutch congrega- 
tion. This was done in the pulpit, after your sermon, and before 
the administration of the Supper; and afterward, also, you let 
him give the sign, in English, as to when you should begin the 
administering of the Holy Supper; and also, that you had no 
objection to letting him preach in our Dutch churches, and in 
letting young men go around, without regard to the deacons, with 
the bag, in order to collect compensation for him. Is there to 
be no accounting for this before Divine and Ecclesiastical judge- | 
ment seats? Is this also in compliance with the Classical letter? 
Then there is also that which was done against the order of 
the established Dutch Consistory at i^avesinh, and against the 
wish of Rev. Morgen their pastor. Did you not go there and 
preach in a barn? And did you not also go and preach at Joris 
Ryerson's in the Rev. Coens's congregation, where there is an 
established Consistory and pastor, all under the Rev. Classis? 
This you condemn in Rev. Coens, in regard to a gathering whose 
members never belonged to any of the four churches at Raritan, 
and who w^ere therefore outside of your charge, and free to in- 
vite another minister to perform service among them. Thus 
have we copied and explained the letter of Classis to us, not ac- 
cording as we are pleased to think, but as their meaning is also 
to be perceived from your extract of what was written to you. 
From our letter we do not yet understand your counter-argu- 
ments, about its depending on this or that. But it can readily 
be seen, by the comparison of everything, that it pleased the Rev. 
Classis not to declare you orthodox, except under certain express 
conditions; and these are so definitely clear, that we remain pre- 
pared to accept them, even as we wrote more fully in our pre- 
vious letter. But you, on the contrary, take their letter in the 
broadest sense and beyond the plain intent of the Classis. 
Whether this view of yours is proper, the Rev. Classis, we hope, 

OF THE State of I^ew Yoek. 2467 

will in due time inform ns. Be assured that your desire, that 
we should not use this, our letter, to make more disturbances, 
for such things may easily occur by perversion of words, will 
be granted. On the other hand, we will go to work according 
to the intent of Classis, so that impartial persons may see whether 
you or we follow out the earnest and affectionate admonitions 
of the Classis to peace. In reference to what you propose to 
announce anew, and publicly from the pulpit, be also pleased, 
at the same time to proclaim all that the Eev. Classis writes to 
you, about those three points against you, mentioned above; 
for such is the right way to let people see how matters stand, 
and to show a concern for the whole truth; for the proper con- 
ditions, not according to your own wishes, but according to those 
of the Classical letter; for thus alone do we remain secretly and 
openly for the truth and peace, in love. 

You also write, that what force the ban has shall be manifest 
in that day. But even now the Classis condemns it in their 
ecclesiastical court. Do you then appeal from this, to the judge- 
ment of God? That does not look lilve esteem, on your part, 
for the E,ev. Classis. And we do not wish to have our word 
regarded as truth, any further than it agrees with God's Word. 
We have never set up our word against God's Word. Our souls 
have a horror of so doing, but of which you accuse us. But this 
we hope, through God's grace, you will never, never, be able to 
prove against us. Yet do you not stick to these accusations 
against us? May God be the judge between us! For your writ- 
ing is too harsh, but that we should most earnestly oppose it, 
on the strength of our good conscience, in this particular, and 
through God's grace. For we have always held God's Word 
to be the absolute truth; and we pray the Lord that He will al- 
ways keep us there, and enable us to live thereby, yea, enable 
us to die therefor; and, also, that sometime or other, He may 
enable you to cease antagonizing us in this way; or at least to 
guard you against still calling such things, God's Word. Thus, 


2468 Ecclesiastical Records 

from your own extracts from the Classical letter to you, we have 
made clear, and have further confirmed what we had already 
written to you before. We still insist on the counsel of peace 
as proposed by the Rev. Classis, but purged of your conditions 
and limitations, in opposition thereto. We hope also that this 
so salutary and just requirement of Classis, may be followed up 
by you; not by any withdrawal of the ban by you, but by the 
nullification of the ban (by Classis), as ha\TLng been improperly 
exercised; and that you will comply with what the Classis also 
further directs to be done. To this we ask your answer at the 
earliest opportunity; inasmuch as we are firmly resolved by order 
of Rev. Classis to us, to write again to Classis without any un- 
necessary delay. 

Your servants, 

Symon Wyckoff, 

Peter Du Mont, 
Henry Vroom. 

June 10, 1729. 

To Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen, 

Pastor at Raritan. 
[This reply, evidently prepared by a lawyer.] 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Brethren in Pennsylvania, 
June 20, 1729. xxix. 37. :N'o. 5. 

Reverend Sirs and Much Beloved Brethren: — 

In fulfillment of our promise, in the letter sent you (Decem- 
ber 1st) of last year (1728), and which we hope has reached you, 
we have now the pleasure to communicate to you the resolutions, 
which the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, after mature deliberation, 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2469 

has adopted, in reference to the condition of the Church-Govern- 
ment among you, and the action jou have already taken there- 
upon. Our resolutions in substance are as follows: 

1. The Classis decides upon its own right to handle this case, 
without consultation with the Christian Synod (of ISTorth Holland.) 

2. The Classis finds in the acts of the Pennsylvanians all the 
inherent elements of a legal call, although all the usual for- 
malities have not been complied with. 

3. On such grounds the Classis decides that all the acts of the 
said Boehm, his teachings, and even his baptisms and his ad- 
ministration of the Lord's Supper, as well as his reception of 
members, must be recognized as legal. 

4. In order to provide, however, what has hitherto been lack- 
ing, the said Boehm must now be ordained to the Sacred Ministry, 
according to Ecclesiastical Usages. 

5. That this ordination may most properly and speedily be 
accomplished by one of the ministers of "New York, who is au- 
thorized to do the same nomine Classis. 

6. That this ordination shall not be performed, however, be- 
fore that the said Boehm has declared before the ministers of 
ISTew York, that he accepts the Heidelburg Catechism and all the 
other Formulae of Concord, and that he will direct his ministry 
in accordance therewith, and that he submits to the " Church- 
Order '' of the Synod of Dort. 

7. Furthermore: — the Church-Kules which have been sent to 

us by the Brethren of Pennsylvania are found to be useful and 

edifying, and the Eev. Classis has no objection in allowing the 

brethren to use the same for the government of their church. 



2470 Ecclesiastical Records 

8. And although the Rev. Classis, mider the circumstances, 
approves this call on Rev. Boehm, they desire that this way of 
making a call shall not occur again. They, therefore, accept 
of the proposition of the Pennsylvania brethren, that, hereafter^ 
when a new minister is needed among them, the Classis is to 
send them a competent and properly qualified pastor. 

Thus you may perceive that the Classis is of the opinion, that 
inasmuch as the Pennsylvania brethren so earnestly and unani- 
mously desire Eev. Boehm to continue as their pastor, and that 
this call, originating as it did, out of the very heart of the con- 
gregation, must be considered as valid. Consequently all that 
he has heretofore done as their pastor must be considered legal; 
inasmuch as, in the new planting of the Church and in a region 
so distant, the usual formalities for securing an ordination were 
not at hand. 

l^Tevertheless, the Classis now expects that care will be taken 
by the brethren, that Domine Boehm be ordained to the Sacred 
Ministry, according to the Plan proposed, by one (or more) of 
the ministers at ]^ew York, who are requested and authorized by 
our Classis to perform this act. Thus the work of the ministry 
may be carried on among you, according to the established 
Church-Order, and thus the congregation of the Lord be edified 
and built up. We also cheerfully engage, on our part, to assist 
you at every opportunity, with our counsels and deeds, especially 
when another minister may be required among you. 

For the rest. Worthy Brethren, we bow our knees to the God 
and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you may be filled with 
all wisdom and spiritual understanding, and strengthened with all 
might, that Jesus Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith, and 
you may be rooted and grounded in his love. May he bless the 
ministry of your Pastor with all kinds of fruits desired. May he 
crown your church with abundance of life, light and spirit. May 

OF THE State of New York. 24Y1 


his all-sufficient grace adorn, confimi, enlarge and perfect her, 

and make her a praise in all the earth. 

Finally, Brethren, rejoice. Be perfect, be of good comfort, 

be of one mind, live in peace, and the God of love and peace 

shall be with you. Such is the desire, 

Worthy Sirs and Beloved Brethren, 

Of your friendly and well-mshing brethren. 

The Classis of Amsterdam, 

In the name of all, 

J. Bakker, Dep. CI. ad res exteras, p. t. Scriba. 

Addressed: To the Reverend, Godly and Beloved Brethren 
of the Reformed Churches in Pennsylvania. 

(Other translations in Lib. A. 277. of Mints. Ch. of Xew York; 
Harbaugh's Fathers of Reformed Church i. 276; Mercersberg 
Review, 1876.) 

Classis of A^isterdam. ■[ 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Johan PhiKps Boehm, 
June 20, 1729. xxix. 38. ISTo. 6. 

Reverend Sir and Highly Esteemed Brother: — 

Inasmuch as the worthy brethren in Pennsylvania are desirous 
of having the lawful services of a pastor, and have chosen you 
for the ministrations of the Holy Gospel, and have therein en- 
countered much opposition from others; and have, accordingly, 
poured out their complaints and fears into the bosom of the 
Classis of Amsterdam, with request for counsel, help and guid- 
ance in this business: — the said Classis has maturely considered, 
in the fear of the Lord, all that has been presented before it, 
and has taken the following action: 

2472 Ecclesiastical Recokds 


(See letter of June 20, 1729, directed to the German churches 
in Pennsylvania, for the eight articles of this action.) 

From these Articles you will learn that the call to the work 
of the ministry, made upon you by the brethren of Pennsylvania, 
is recognized as legal, because the church itself desired your ser- 
vices, and the Ministry of the Word was so necessary there. 
Therefore you did well to gratify the strong desire of the breth- 
ren in this matter. But now the Classis expects you carefully 
to follow what she requires, as expressed in these (eight) Articles, 
both in reference to the Formulae of Concord, and in reference 
to your ordination by one of the ministers of Xew York. Each 
of these steps is in the highest degree useful and necessary, 
both for yourself and the church. Thereby you will also more 
certainly avoid the criticisms of outsiders. 

So then, dear brother since you have undertaken the work of 
the ministry among the brethren, in the name of the Lord, he 
wishes all things to be done decently and orderly in his Church. 
Fulfill, therefore, our expectations in this matter, that also your 
boldness in the exercise of your ministrations may be the greater. 
Such a course will also tend to our happiness and satisfaction. 
You will, therefore, consult with the brethren how you may best 
obey the requirements of the Classis; and you will also be guided 
by the opinions of the 'New York ministers, even if they should 
think it necessary to summon you to proceed to New York, to 
receive at their hands the ordination required. 

Furthermore, Pev. Brother, we most heartily wish that all 
desirable blessings may come down upon you personally and 
upon your work. May the Father of Lights enlighten you with 
his Spirit, which is the spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the 
knowledge of him, that you may also enlighten others. May the 
God of Might gird you with all strength, that like a hero by the 
bed of Solomon, you may be ready and armed against an alarm 
in the night. May the God of all grace adorn you with every 

OF Ti-iE State of New Yoke. 2473 

holy adornment, and make you an example to the flock, in walk 
and faith, in love and purity. 

In a word, may the Lord make your ministry glorious and 
successful, and deign in his own good time, to make you shine in 
his kingdom as a teacher who has turned many to righteousness. 
Reverend and Highly Esteemed Brother, we remain, 
Your cordial and loving brethren, 
The Classis of Amsterdam, 

In the name of all, 
J. Bakker, Dep. CI. ad res exteras, p. t. Scriba. 

Addressed: To the Rev., Godly and Learned Mr. J. P. Boehm, 
minister of the Holy Gospel in Pennsylvania. 

P. S. We also make request that you will please to maintain 
correspondence with the Classis of Amsterdam. (Other transla- 
tions, Lib. A. Ch. 'N. Y. 279. Mercersberg Review, 1876.) 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Ministers at Is'ew York, June 

20, 1729. xxix. 39. l^o. 7. 
Very Rev. Sirs, Much Beloved and Highly Esteemed Brethren : — 

"While we take the liberty of requesting your services in send- 
ing the enclosed documents to Pennsylvania, we cannot, nor do 
we desire to hide from you, the action which the Classis has 
taken, concerning the condition of the Churches in Pennsylvania, 
in connection with the complaints received, as follows: (For 
these eight points, see the letter of this same date, [June 20, 
1729] xxix. 37, l^o. 5, written to the German churches in Penn- 


Rev. Sirs, we therefore take the liberty to request you, in the 
most friendly way, to put the last touch to the call of Domine 


2474 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Boelim, in order that he may be ordained to the Sacred Ministry, 
according to the directions of the above-mentioned articles. "We 
understand well that there are ministers living nearer Pennsyl- 
vania than yourselves; but we have learned from the letter of 
the brethren, (in Pennsylvania), that they did not wish to deal 
with those gentlemen in reference to this business of theirs; 
and that they had already consulted mth you about everything. 
We feel, therefore, the greater freedom in entrusting our com- 
mission to you. This we do with all kindliness. Nor do we doubt 
but that you yourselves appreciate the necessity of this ordina- 
tion, that our Church-Order may be maintained. 

We leave to you the liberty of deciding as to the place where 
this ordination is to be accomplished: whether one of you 
(ministers of New York) shall go to Pennsylvania; or whether 
Domine Boehm shall be summoned to meet you midway between 
(New York and Pennsylvania), where he may meet with one of 
you gentlemen; or whether you should request him to come to 
New York; or whether some other plan should be adopted. 

We also request that when you send forward these documents 
to Pennsylvania, that you inform the brethren there, when and 
where this ordination, nomine Classis, is to take place; and we 
expect to hear, in due time, that this, our Commission has been 

Herewith, wishing the Lord's most gracious blessing upon you, 
upon your families and holy ministrations, we remain, with all 

Rev. Sirs and Beloved Colleagues, 
Your servants, etc., etc.. 

The Classis of Amsterdam. 

In the name of all, 
J. Bakker, Dep. ad res Exteras, p. t. Scriba. 

June 20, 1729. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2475 


Addressed: To the Rev. Godly and Learned, the [Ministers of 
the Dutch Church of Jesus Christ in 'New York. 

(See other translations in Lib. A. New York, 275; and Mer- 
cersbcTg Review, 1876.) 

Synod of North Holland. 

1729, July 26-Aug. 4. 

Article 2. 

Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. 

(The Synod of) Celderland declined (to help them) because 
they belonged to England; as did also (the Synod of) Utrecht, 
on the strength of Gelderland's report. (The Synod of) South 
Holland had collected florins 696.12 stivers, and expected that 
the Classes which had not yet contributed would do their share. 
(The Synod of) Yriesland had recommended it (Philadelphia) to 
its Classes. (The Synod of) Overyssel accepted the request for 
reference; but (the Synod of) Groningen did not. The dele- 
gates had no report, and leave the matter to the judgement of 
the Classes. The several Classes accept it for further reference 
with a view to favorable presentation. 

[Vol. 60, p. 11.] 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 


1729, July 18th. Anthonius Curtenius, candidate, was as- 
signed to New Netherland by the gentlemen authorized thereto, 
van de Wal, Junius, Yos and Beels. At the next Classis he will 
be examined and qualified, x. 341. 

Petrus Hoevenagel and Anthonius Curtenius. 

1729, Oct. 3rd. The first, called to the East Indies, and approved 
by the Messrs. Directors, preached with satisfaction on Psalm 


2476 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

143 :10 ; and the second, called to Akkingsak (Hackensack) in ISTew 
ISTetherland, preached on Psalm 2.12 ; both were admitted to the 
final examination, in which examination, (lit. investigation) they 
gave so much satisfaction both to the Rev. Depntatus Synodi and to 
this whole Assembly, that no objection whatever was made to their 
admittance to the ministerial office, to exercise the same in the 
localities where they are called. Whereupon, after signing the For- 
mulae of Concord, and agreeing to read the Forms for Baptism and 
the Supper without alteration, and declaring their rejection of the 
condemned opinions of Professor Roell and Doctor Bekker, they 
were ordained to the Sacred ministry by the Rev. Examiner with 
the laying on of hands. The Examiner was thanked for his excel- 
lent examination, x. 343. 

Dutch Church of New York. 

New York, July 30, 1729. 
It was Resolved by all the members present, that in the Tower, 
above the roof (peak?) of the Church, a door shall be made in an 
opening about 8 feet high and about 4 feet broad, with or with- 
out glass; also, at the same height, on (each of) the other three 
sides of the Tower, shall be made a light, about 8 feet high and 
three broad, with small boards running down aslant, or a sash, 
as may be judged necessary; and that the cross, (?) the ball and 
the weathercock, on the Tower, be made proportional to one an 

New York, Aug. 26, 1729. 

After calling on God's name, there was presented to the Con- 
sistory a request, from Johannes Bussing, in the name of the 
Congregation on the Manor of Fordham: 

That he would undertake to complete the church, entirely, 
viz., lay the floor, make the pulpit and seats, and put the roof 
in good order, if the Consistory would give him £4., New York 

OF THE State of New York. 2477 

Therefore, it was unanimously Resolved, by the members 
present to agree to the proposal; and that Mr. Isaac Kip inform 
the said Bussing of the same; and when the work is done, pay 
him the sum of £4. 

New York, Oct. 23, 1729. 

The Consistory Resolved, That the Deacons should demand 
payment of the bond of Diewertje Bradt, and obtain a warrant 
of execution; so that if the money is not paid in a short time, it 
may be obtained by a course of law : — also, of the bonds of Peter 
Van Tilbury, Wessel "Wessels, the widow Roome, Abram Van 
Gelder; and Ahasuerus Elsworth, Frans Garbrants and Dr. Jacob 
Mooner, Peter Berrien. 

:^ew York, l^ov. 13, 1729. 

The Consistory were informed by the Committee on the sub- 
ject, (former Deacons: John Roosevelt and Christian Banker; 
and the Ruling Deacons), that Mr. Wessel Wessels offered in 
payment of the bond of his father, Lawrens Wessels, 

1. That his father's house on Joode St., should immediately 
be conveyed in fee to the church, as payment for £100. IST. Y. 

2. That he should give for the remainder only his own bond; 
yet if he can get his brothers to sign it also, he will do so. He 
promises strictly to pay one half of this sum on the 1st of Novem- 
ber, 1730, and the other half a year later. 

3. He is agreed that the bond or bonds signed by him, for the 
remainder, shall run at eight per cent interest till the appointed 
time of payment; yet with the allowance, that up to that time 
and no longer, he is to pay six per cent only, if so the Deacons 

4. He asks that when all this is signed and sealed, the bond 
of his father shall be remitted to him, under the church's seal, in 
return for the fee of the house and the bonds which he gives. 

2478 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

This was unanimously approved, and full power given to the 
Deacons to settle with Mr. W. Wessels on the terms stated. 

Witness, in the name of etc. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 

It was also Resolved, by the Deacons, to take up, on interest, 
£100. IsT. Y. money. 

Liquor Licenses Required in Albany. 

1729, Nov. 14. And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid that none 
but such as are licensed by the mayor of this city do persume to Ijeep publick 
houses to sell any wine, beer or other strong liquors by retail or a less quantity 
at one time than five gallons within this city and county of Albany, under the 
penalty of five pounds for the use of the said city. — Munsell's Annals of Albany, 
Vol. ix. p. 55. 

Three Mile Run, X. J. 

1729, Nov. 20. 

We, the inhabitants of the Three Mile Run Congregation, have made out a list 
of subscribers for the salary of a Dutch Reformed Minister, under the Order of the 
Synod of Dort. We are expecting his arrival on our call, and, therefore, take the 
following action: 

It seems good to us, when the said minister shall arrive, that he, in love and 
in peace, shall preach in the church-building which now stands at Three Mile Run, 
for four or five years, or so long as said church is fit for use; but when it is no 
longer suitable for service, we agree to build a new church on land of John 
Pittenger, or in that vicinity. And we further authorize the two men, whom 
we have chosen by a majority of our votes, namely, Henry Vroom and Frederic 
Van Lieuw, to act further in this matter; and we the undersigned, promise to 
help them bear all expenses which may be incurred. 

A Boorham, Simon Wyckofif, Dennis Van Duyn, Smock, Cor. Peterson, 

George Anderson, Wm. Van Duyn, Jac. Boise, Hen. Smock, Christian Probasco, 
Wm. Kouwenhoven, Jacob Bennet, Peter Bodine, Gideon Marlat, Wm. Bennet, 
Paul Le Boyton Francis Harrison, Ab. Bennet, Isaac Le Queer, Jacob Bennet, 

, , Nicholas Daily, Adrian Hardenbrook, Luke Coevert, Jacob Probasco. 

See Corwin's Millstone Centennial, 1866, p. 33. 

Church of New York. An Early Ordination. 

(Portfolio, " New York," Vol. i.) 

The Ordination in New York, of John Boehm, of the German 
Churches in Pennsylvania, by Revs. Henricus Boel and Gual- 
terus Du Bois, by authority of the Classis of Amsterdam, on 
Sunday, November 23, 1729. 

Review and Proceedings. November 18-25, 1729. 

The Rev. Consistories of the three German Reformed Churches 
of Faulkner's Schwamp, Schipback and Wit Marche, in Pennsyl- 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2479 

yania, haying advised with Revs. Gualtenis Du Bois and Henricns 
Boel of 'New York, and Rev. Vincentius Antonides of Long 
Island, corresponded with Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, in the 
matter of their call upon Johan Philips Boehm, to be their min- 
ister; and also to obtain ecclesiastical assistance against the 
criticisms made upon that call. For these purposes they have 
exhibited (to said Classis) all the circumstances of their disa- 
greeable condition, in a letter, dated July, 1728. 

The Rev. Classis preliminarily replied (to said letter) under 
date of December 1, 1728, expressing their sympathy with their 
sad condition; receiving their complaints with the design of 
helping them by their counsel as soon as possible ; and counseling 
them to use such means of grace for their comfort as were 

.Subsequently, on June 20, 1729, the Rev. Classis again wrote 
to Domine Boehm, and to his Consistories, and to the ministers 
(in ^ew York) who had already corresponded with them. The 
brethren from Pennsylvania were accordingly invited to come 
to E'ew York, fully authorized by the three Consistories to com- 
plete the whole business in a suitable manner. They opened 
and read the letters which they had received, and which were 
substantially as follows: — 

That, after mature deliberation, the Rev. Classis had decided 
that the call on Domine Boehm, on account of the uncommon 
desire of the brethren in Pennsylvania for his services, and which 
call had originated from the very body of the Church itself, 
must be considered as valid: and that all the duties done by 
him as a minister (under such circumstances) must be regarded 
as legal. This action was taken on account of the lack of the 
usual means of obtaining an ordination at the new planting of a 
church in such a distant region; and also because the ministry 
of the Word was so necessary there; Domine Boehm had there- 


2480 Ecclesiastical Records 

fore done well in complying with the urgent desire of his breth- 
ren, (in assuming, informally, the ministerial office) : 

That the Rev. Classis decreed that the ordination should now 
be performed in the most convenient manner possible, by one of 
the ministers (in N'ew York) who had been in correspondence 
with them. Therefore the Rev. Classis had authorized said min- 
isters, in their name, to approve the call, (lit., lay the last hand 
upon the call) of Domine Boehm, and with all freedom to ordain 
him to the ministry; to be done in 'New York or elsewhere: 

That it was the further determination of the Rev. Classis, 
that Domine Boehm, before the ordination is performed, shall 
make a declaration to those ministers who have been in corre- 
spondence with him, that he accepts the Heidelberg Catechism 
and all the Formulae of Unity as the strict rule of his teaching; 
that he submits to the Church-Order of the Synod of Dort; and 
that, by God's grace, he promises to strive properly to perform 
all the duties of the ministry: That upon these conditions the 
Rev. Classis most cordially wishes the Divine blessing upon his 
person and work, and also requests that he will maintain corre- 
spondence with the Rev. Classis: 

That the Rev. Classis further resolved, that the brethren of 
the Consistories of the said congregations (in Pennsylvania) 
shall bind themselves, each in his official capacity, and their 
successors shall do the same, from time to time, to act according 
to the foregoing (eight) Rules, in unison with the congregation 
and Domine Boehm; that the Rev. Classis finds the said (eight) 
Church Rules, (as found in letter of Classis to the Brethren in 
Pennsylvania, of June 20, 1729; vol. xxix, page 37, No. 5,) 
useful and edifying, and has no difficulty in allowing the use 
of them in the government of the Church; that, although under 
the circumstances, the Rev. Classis approves the call on Domine 
Boehm, they expect that nothing similar will occur again: 

That therefore they accept of the proposition of the Pennsyl- 
vania brethren, that when hereafter a new minister may be 

OF THE State of !Rew York:. 2481 

needed, that they will send to them (the Classis) for one that is 
competent and dnlj qualified; that the Pennsylvania brethren 
must see to it, that according to the arrangements made, Domine 
Boehm is ordained by one of the ministers in correspondence 
with them living at "New York, who are requested and authorized 
to do this act; and that they are submissively to accept the kind 
offer of the Eev. Classis to render them counsel and help in all 
circimistances, and especially when a new minister is required: 

That it was also unanimously resolved and agreed to, accord- 
ing to said (eight) Church Kules, that the ruling elders and 
deacons of the three congregations, after they have made known 
the letters of the Eev. Classis, and have secured the ordination 
of Domine Boehm should, at the first opportunity, each in his 
own congregation, as well as others who are similarly inclined^ 
kindly request and urge a new, voluntary yearly subscription, 
according to the ability of the people, for the payment of Domine 
Boehm's salary, at such times as the Consistory may approve: 
That the ruling elders and deacons shall also, from time to time 
as may be convenient, use their utmost exertions to collect from 
the subscribers what each has promised for the support of 
Domine Boehm and to pay him his exact salary promptly when 

That also in reference to the points of the (eight) Church Eules 
sent by the Pennsylvania brethren to the Eev. Classis, and by 
that body approved, and now enlarged, as above, that the newly 
chosen members of the Consistory shall, from year to year, be- 
fore entering upon their duties, for the surer performance of 
their engagements, subscribe all this, — namely, to adhere strictly 
to the Heidelberg Catechism, the Pormulae of Unity, and the 
(Church-Order of the) Synod of Dort. And in order that eveiy 
one, in his office or station, may obey as far as possible the 
foregoing Eules, these (eight) Church Eules as now revised by 
the Eev. Classis of Amsterdam, shall be publicly read before the 
Churches, yearly, when a new Consistory is chosen or ordained. 




WE, the uiidersigned elders^ authorized by the Ruling Consis- 
tories of the said three German Churches at Falkner's Schwamp, 
Schippack and Wit Marche, together with Domine Boehm, 
hereby declare: 

That the Commission, dated in Pennsylvania, November 4, 
1729, authorizes us, in the name of all, to ratify by our subscrip- 
tion, all that the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam has directed, for 
the ordination and maintenance of Domine Boehm in the holy 
ministry among us, for the benefit of the said three churches; as 
well as whatever other action is taken and decided on, with us, 
according to Church-Order, by the ministers in correspondence 
with us — the ^Ministerium — at Xew York, and to keep the same 
always in full force, in our churches. 

We, therefore, who are upon this Commission, declare that we 
have carefully considered all the foregoing, seriatim, according 
to the action of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and with the 
advice of the corresponding ministers — or ^linisterium — at 
IN^ew York, and that we ratify and adopt the same, in full, for 
ourselves and our successors, and we promise submissively to 
obey it, each in his respective office, and by God's grace to main- 
tain the same inviolably. 

In testimony whereof, we hereby subscribe the same with our 
own hands, as Commissioners, at 'New York, IN'ovember 18, 1729. 

Frietrich Antes, Commissioner of Falkner's Schwamp. 
Gabriel O Scheiler's mark, Com. of Schipback. 
William De Wees, Commissioner of Wit Marsch. 

So also, in testimony of all this, I, Domine Johan Philips 
Boehm, do solemnly declare that all that herein concerns me, I 
v/ill, with God's help, perform to the best of my ability, subscrib- 
ing my name hereto, at New York, ISTovember 18, 1729. 

joha:n' philips bgeibi. 

OF THE State of Is"ew Yoek. 2483 

Be it, therefore, known to all hereby, that the foregoing mat- 
ter of fact — declared to be very important by the Classis of 
Amsterdam, and cormnitted by them to the consulting ministers, 
Domines Du Bois, Antonides and Boel, to be accomplished; also 
our letter to the Rev. Classis, and their reply to us; and the 
foregoing action of the brethren in Pennsylvania and of Domine 
Boehm; after calling upon the name of the Lord, was distinctly 
presented to the Rev. Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Church, 
in their meeting, in ISTew York, on l^ovember 20, 1Y29: 

And that thereupon, that Consistory unanimously resolved, 
that the said ministers had herein acted with strict regularity, 
as correspondents, according to Church Rules; and that inasmuch 
as the Rev. Classis had been pleased to entrust them with such 
authority, namely, the ordaining of Domine Boehm, on said con- 
ditions, that they were under obligations to do the same: 

Therefore, notwithstanding that they, with the entire Con- 
sistory, by a definite resolution, that nothing of the kind should 
ever be undertaken or performed hereafter, without an express 
order from the Classis : — still, upon the authority now conferred, 
the business must be formally consummated by them in the pres- 
ence of this church, and in the face of any opposition. 

Be it known then, that this ordination was thus performed 
by Domine Henricus Boel, and the consecration by the laying on 
of hands by Domine Gualterus Du Bois, in the presence of said 
Consistory, publicly, in the Reformed Dutch Church in 'New 
York, on Sunday afternoon, ITovember 23, 1729. And that 
thereupon, the forenamed Consistory gave order to enact an Act 
in reference to the same, in testimony of the truth thereof, 
which should be confirmed, as is proper, by the seal of the 
Church — as is hereby done, at ITew York, November 25, 1729, 
by me, 

In the ^NTame and by the Authority of the Rev. Consistory, 
L. S. Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 


2484 Ecclesiastical Records 

JSJ". B. The substance of the foregoing proceedings with 
Domine Boehm and his (church officers) on I^ovember 18 ; and 
of what was done in the Consistory on ^N'ovember 20th, was, for 
the confirmation of the same, publicly read from the pulpit to 
the congregation by Domine Boel, beginning thus: — 

Beloved in the Lord: 

In order that the Solemn Service, unusual here, which we are 
about to perform, wholly apart from any seeking of our own, 
at the command of the Classis of Amsterdam, and under the 
oversight of the Rev. Consistory of this Church, may, with the 
blessing of the Lord, be unto edification, and not to be misunder- 

Be it known to you, etc., etc. 

[Lib. A. Ch. 'New York, 275-280.] 

Account of the Beconcilla^tion Between Domine Johan 
Philips Boehm and Domine Geoege Michael Weiss, 
FoEMALLY Effected, I^ovembee 24, 1729, at I^Tew York, 
THE Day Aftee the Oedination of Said Boehm. 

(Portfolio " :N'ew York." Vol. i.) 

When Domine Johan Philips Boehm, under the pressure of 
the three Reformed German Churches at Falkner's Schwamp, 
Schipback and Wit Marshe, in the year 1725, assumed the office 
of being a minister to them, without any ordination according to 
the custom of the churches, there arose in 1727 a complaint con- 
cerning this. Some in the church of Schipback were led to ab- 
sent themselves from Domine Boehm^s ministerial services, and 
to accept as their usual minister, Mr. George Michael Weiss, who 
had come over from Germany (in 1727. .), and was recognized 
by them as a regularly ordained preacher, inasmuch as he was 
settled over the Reformed German Church in the city of Phila- 
delphia, and also at Germantown. 

OF THE State of New York. 2485 

Thereupon some estrangement arose between Domine Johan 
Philips Boehm and Domine George M. Weiss. Meanwhile, how- 
ever, the K.ev. Classis of Amsterdam approved the entire minis- 
terial work of Domine Boehm, done before his ordination, on 
account of the great zeal of the churches in his behalf; and saw 
fit to authorize the Revs. Gualterus Du Bois and Henricus Boel 
of New York, and Vincentius Antonides of Long Island, the 
accustomed correspondents of that Rev. body, (in Pennsylvania,) 
to perform, in their Name, the ordination of Domine Boehm, 
according to ecclesiastical usages, and put it beyond all criticism. 
This was done with the full approbation and consent of the Rev. 
Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Church at New York, and 
under their oversight, publicly in the presence of the Church on 
November 23, 1729, and in the presence also of Domine Weiss, 
who had come to New York at that time. 

Therefore We, George Michael Weiss and Johan Philips 
Boehm, with the Commissioners of the said three churches of 
Domine Boehm, upon the conciliating good counsel of the Rev. 
Ministers, the correspondents, have jointly and cordially come to 
this firm conclusion, and bind themselves to recognize it, as we 
hereby do: namely. 

That the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam has, in this case, decided 
justly, and the Rev. Ministers, the correspondents, have acted 
rightly, as they were in duty bound, to execute the directions of 
the Rev. Classis, and consummate, (lit. lay the last hand on,) in 
an ecclesiastical manner, the ordination of Domine Boehm: 

That, from Christian love, and for the peace and welfare of 
the churches, we jointly testify, with the mutual giving of the 
hand to each other, that we heartily forgive each other whatever 
offence we may have given, and promise to forget it, and never 
again to make it a matter of dispute : 

That Domine Weiss recognizes Domine Boehm as the lawful, 
the ordained and the regular minister of the said three churches: 
that Domine Weiss vdll absent himself from Schipback, and will 



2486 Ecclesiastical Records 

■make declaration that lie leaves that church and the other two 
churches, entirely to Domine Boehm, as their lawful minister, 
that he may peacefully pursue his work in the said three churches : 

That henceforth brotherly friendship shall exist between 
Domine Boehm and his churches on the one hand and Domine 
"Weiss on the other; that they will each act as ministers of the 
Lord toward each other — Domine Weiss being solicitous for the 
honor of Domine Boehm's ministry; and Domine Boehm being 
solicitous for the honor of Domine Weiss's ministry at Philadel- 
phia and Grermantown: 

That if any other Reformed Churches besides the three of 
Domine Boehm and the two of Domine Weiss, should desire the 
services of Domine Boehm or Domine Weiss, separately, or of 
both, by turns, for their minister, that both shall render to such 
churches, mutually, their brotherly aid: 

That Domine Weiss makes declaration of his hearty desire to 
become subordinate to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and re- 
quests the ministers corresponding to inform the Rev. Classis 
thereof. He testifies that he is ready and willing to comply with 
their ecclesiastical orders when these are sent over to him. Also 
that Domine Weiss obligates himself to strive to bring hi3 
churches in Philadelphia and Germantown into the same subordi- 
nation. Furthermore, that both Domine Weiss and Domine 
Boehm obligate themselves, if other churches desire either of 
them as their minister, not to consent thereto, unless said 
churches, by their Consistory or Consistories, subordinate them- 
selves to the Rev. Classis; in order that ministers, Consistories 
and churches may exhibit conformity among themselves, as is 
proper among churches: 

Furthermore, Domine Boehm with the Commissioners of the 
three churches, and Domine Weiss, made request that they might 
hold and maintain, at every favorable opportunity, correspond- 
ence with the three ministers, Du Bois, Antonides and Boel, that 
they might conduct themselves to the best advantage of the 

OF THE State of !N'ew York. 2487 

cliurclies. To this the three ministers gave their ready consent, 
in hope, with Good's help, of his gracious blessing: 

That finally, proper notice of all this shall be given to their 
respective churches by Domine Boehm and his (officers), and by 
Domine Weiss, and his (officers), in order to anticipate any 

Thus agreed to, in the City of Kew York, l^ovember 24, 1729. 
George Michael Weiss, 

Minister at Philadelphia and 
Johan Philips Boehm, 

Minister of the three churches of 
Palkner's Schwamp, Schipback and 

Wit Marsche. 
Frietrich Antes. 

Gabriel O Schuler's mark. 

William De Wees. 

We, the undersigned upon the request of the Ministers and 
Commissioners, declare that the foregoing was thus enacted in 
our presence, as witnesses. 

G. Du Bois. 

Y. Antonides. 

Henricus Boel. 

Also in lib. A. Ch. 'N. Y. 281-4; and Mercersberg Keview, 

Dutch Church of ^ew York. 

The Documents about Ordination of Domine Boehm to be 
recorded in. the "New York Minutes. 

]^ovember 20, 1729. 

The Commissioners from the High-Dutch Reformed Christian 
Churches of Falkner^s Schwamp, Schipback and Wit Marshe, in 



2488 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

PennsylYarda, with their Doniine, Johan Philips Boehm, were 
admitted to a hearing in our Consistory. Their correspondent, 
Domine Yincentiiis Antonides of Long Island was also present, 
besides Domines Gualtems Du Bois and Henricus Boel, our 

After invoking the Xame of the Lord, the particular business 
about their churches was introduced. This related to their let- 
ters to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and the replies of their 
Reverences to the same; also as to what had further been done 
in this country in this matter. 

Thereupon it was resolved unanimously, in order to guard so 
unusual and remarkable proceedings from discredit, that this 
whole business with the Acts of our (!N^ew York) Consistory on 
the matter, and the accomplishment of the same, should be re- 
corded in full in a certain Act-Book of the Church. This was 
done in the Dutch language. (See Letters under date of July, 
1728, August 15, 1728, December 1, 1728, and three letters 
dated June 20, 1729.) — Lib. A. 261. 

The Lutheran Church in Albany. 

1729, J^ov. 29. Whereas Gerrit G. Lansingh has according 
to agreement with the corporation made a bridge over the Rutten 
E^ll near the Leuteren church for the sum of four pounds. 

Resolved that the said Gerrit G. Lansingh be payd the said 
sum by the corporation.^ — Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. ix. 
p. 53. 

Dutch Church of ISTew York. 

'New York, Dec. 18, 1729. 

Consistory held. Present: Both the ministers and all the mem- 
bers now in office : Elders : N. Roosevelt, A. Rutgers, T. Cruger 
and H. Yan Spiegel; Deacons: P. Richard, E. Van Cortland, 

OF THE State of Kew York. 2489 

C. Le Rou and H. Rutgers; Church Masters: Wm. Van Zandt, 
G. Beekman, P. Fuey(?) and G. Egos. 

Of the Great Consistory: Th. Kip, A. Marschalk, J. Harden- 
brook, P. Van Cortland, T. Goelet, A. Mann, H. Abrahamse, 
J. Van der Huil, B. Wyncoop, J. Roosevelt, C. Bancker, W. 
Roseboom, G. Keteltas, A. Leffers, A. Yan Vleck, Jac. Roose- 
velt, B. Smit, H. Ctiyler: Absent, were Jan v. Cortland, L. K. 
de Elein, S. Bayart, Cor. de Peyster, H. v. Gelden, Wm. Pro- 
voost, G. V. Imburg, J. v. Hoorne, G. Home, Ab. v. Home, A. 
Keteltas, C. Louw, Jac. Moonen, M. Vaegten, C. v. Home, zoon 
and Abm. v. Wyck. 

Aiter calling on God's name, it was Resolved, at first, by a 
majority, but afterwards, unanimously, 

1. The shape of the seats in the JSTew Church shall be made 
after the improved pattern prepared by Mr. Tiehout; being so 
made that each sitting place shall be 30 inches wide without the 

2. Men and women shall sit separate, men by themselves, and 
women by themselves in the same manner as hitherto in our Old 
Church; and as is usual in all the Dutch Churches in Holland. 

3. All the sitting places shall at once be sold to the highest 
bidder. Each seat shall belong to the purchaser for life. At 
the owner's death it shall revert to the church and be sold again 
according to the plan now pursued in the Old Church. 

4. Before any seat is sold to the highest bidder, the Con- 
sistory shall put upon it a certain fixed price, at which they shall 
buy it back on the death of the purchaser. 

5. 'No one shall hold a seat in the New Church, (whether he 
has come to it, by inheritance, by its having become vacant, by 
purchase, or by mere occupation), in any other way than has al- 
ways been customary in our congregations, and according to the 
established order of our Old Church. 

6. Finally, w^hen any one buys a seat in a pew, he shall have 



2490 Ecclesiastical Records 

the preference to buy still other seats in that pew, at the same 
price, for whomsoever Ee chooses, but always under the con- 
ditions already expressed. 

G. du Bois, p. t. Praeses. 

Feelinghutsen's Sermons. 


Two Sermons on 1 Peter 4:18. ^^ If the Righteous scarcely 
be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear? " 

Preached by 

Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen, 

Minister of the Reformed Dutch Church on the Raritan. 

Printed in ISTew York, 1729. 

[See April 4, 1729.] 

(Reprinted with other Sermons of his, by the Board of Publi- 
cation of the Reformed Church in America, 1856.) 

Dutch Church of New York. 

January 1, 1730. 

Act of Appointment of Jan de la Montague, as Doorkeeper, 
Bellringer and Grave-digger; and also as Watchman, in and 
around the Old Church; and for any other services under the 
Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Church in "New York. 

Inasmuch as Jan de la Montague, Sr., until his extreme old 
age, has rendered faithful service to our Church, as Doorkeeper, 
etc., and during his sickness, his son, Jan de la Montague, has 
now for some time performed the same duties: and the father 
having died, the son now requests the Rev. Consistory, to give 
him succession in his father's place, under such conditions and 
engagements as may be proper: the Rev. Consistory, after calling 
on the name of the Lord, have taken into consideration, the 
satisfaction given by the son in this service, and the necessity of 

OF THE State of 'Nbw Yoek. 2491 

having a competent person to fill the place: it was imanimously 
agreed to appoint Jan de la Montagne to this position, under the 
following conditions and engagements: 

The conditions in respect to the General Service of the Church, 

1. That you ring the bell three times, and sufficiently long, 
before service on Sunday mornings and afternoons, and on the 
annual Festival-days; on Wednesdays, and at the preparation for 
the Lord's Supper on Fridays; that you for the minister who is 
to preach, either before the second or the third ringing, as he 
shall desire, except for the evening service; but then, you are 
to see that an hour elapses between the first and the third ringing. 
Before the catechizing in the Church, you are to ring twice ; also 
before the close, when it is desired; and so on other occasions. 

2. You shall keep the pulpit neat and clean, as well as the 
chairs of the Elders and Deacons, acting, or formerly in office; 
aleo of the Governor and other officials, together with all other 
chairs and benches through the whole church. 

3. You shall, in season, set the Table, seats, etc., and prepare 
all necessary things for the Lord's Supper; and take what is left 
over, of the bread and wine, to the Deacons ; and place everything 
in order again, as shall be required from time to time. 

4. You shall also provide pure water in the baptismal bowl 
at the proper time and place. 

5. You shall, according to your ability, remove from the 
church, either before, during or after service, dogs, etc.; and 
prevent any disorders of negroes or children. 

6. You shall carefully and seasonably attend all catechizings, 
according to directions, and not interfere with the same by bell- 
ringing, or any other work, in or around the Church. 

Y. You shall do all which any one would be bound in con- 
science to do, for the good of the building; keep the seats in 
order; report at once anything which is perplexing to the Church- 



2492 Ecclesiastical Records 

Masters; see that neither dogs nor persons remain, after service 
is over; keep a look out against fire; preserve whatever of value 
you may find in the Church, and keep it for its lawful owner; 
open and close doors and windows at proper times, and be the 
last to leave the building. 

8. When any repairs are made in the Church or Churchyard, 
and when the Church receives its yearly cleaning, you are to be 
present, open and close the building, and give a full account to 
the Church Masters when required, without draT\'ing any pay 
for these things, unless the Church Masters employ you by the 
day, when your wages shall be according to agreement. 

In respect to the Rev. Consistory: 

1. You shall with all diligence and courtesy collect all moneys 
for any public services, according to the orders of the Elders, 
Deacons and Church Masters, and faithfully deliver the same to 
them, and render an excellent account. 

2. You shall always, on the requirement of the minister, sum- 
mons the members of the Consistory, present or former ones, to 
attend their meetings at the proper time and place. 

3. You shall courteously attend all Ecclesiastical meetings in 
general; or the particular meetings of the Elders, or Deacons, 
or Church Masters, or any Committee of the Consistory, at the 
place where they assemble for the discharge of any ecclesiastical 
business; and you shall diligently carry out whatever any of the 
above mentioned may require, touching the Church, the divine 
service, or the poor. 

4. You shall always seasonably apprize the Church-Masters 
of any seats that become vacant. 

In respect to digging graves. 

1. You shall not dig a grave or break ground except with the 
consent of one of the Church-Masters. You shall, therefore, give 
timely notice of the name of the deceased, with the dates of 
death and (proposed) burial. 

OF THE State of iSTew York. 2493 

2. You shall make the graves, whether under the church or 
in the churchyard, sufficiently deep, and carefully fill them up 
again. You shall keep the bier in the shed made for it in the 
churchyard; and send it in due time to the house of the deceased. 

3. You shall ring the bell for burials either four times, with 
pauses between, according to custom, or continuously, as may be 
desired by the friends of the deceased. 

4. The money for interments you shall diligently and 
courteously demand; and when received, you shall deliver to the 
Church Masters at their ordinary session, and render account as 
follows : 

For a burial place in the church, with or without 
the bier and pall; for a person over 

twenty years of age; £2.10 s. 

And for the new cloth pall, an additional 6 s. 

And for the velvet pall, an additional 12 s. 

For a person over ten years of age, 1 . 10 s. 

For a person under ten years of age, 15 s. 

all N'ew York currency. 

For a burial place in the churchyard, with or with- 
out the bier and pall; for a person over 

twenty years of age, 10 s. 

And for the new cloth pall, an additional 6 s. 

And for the velvet pall, an additional 12 s. 

For a person over ten years of age, , 8 s. 

For a person under ten years of age, 3 s. 

For a person imder two years of age, 2 s. 

Besides, you are to pay, for bell-ringing at a 
funeral, to the Church Masters, when you have re- 
ceived it, when the ringing is four times 

with pauses between, , 4 s. 

And when the ringing is continuous, . . . ., 12 s. 



2494 Ecclesiastical Records 

It is, moreover, expected of you that you will witli all earnest- 
ness, strive, with the Lord's help, to conduct yourself in an edify- 
ing manner, as a member of this Dutch Reformed Congregation, 
and to give satisfaction to the best of your ability, to the Ministers, 
Elders, Deacons, Church Masters^ and all others. 

For all the foregoing, to be thus performed by you, as well 
as whatever else the Rev. Consistory may deem necessary touch- 
ing your service, the Elders, Deacons and Church Masters, each 
in their own Qualiteit, and binding their successors after them, 
promise to pay you yearly, and every year: 

1. By the Elders, for collecting the money for the salaries 
of the Ministers, five per cent of the amount collected. 

2. By the Deacons, yearly ten pounds -^Ye shillings, ]Srew York 

3. By the Church Masters, yearly, two pounds ten shillings, 
and of the moneys handed over for interments, and for carrying 
to and fro the velvet pall, three shillings; the cloth pall, two 
shillings and six pence; for four times ringing, with pauses, two 
shillings eight pence; for continuous ringing, nine shillings. And 
of what remains of the money for burials, handed over by you, 
you shall receive ten per cent. 

You are further allowed to demand for yourself from those 
who employ you for the purposes: 

Eor making a grave under the church, and for put- 
ting things again in order — 

For an adult, 11 s. 

For a youth, 8 s. 

And in the churchyard. 

For an adult, . ., 4 6. 

For a youth, .i 2 s. 

all in "New York currency. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2495 

The time of your office and salary is to begin on January 1, 
1729-30. (1730.) 

Tlius done in our Ecclesiastical Assembly at 'New York, Octo- 
ber 6, 1730. 

So I testify, in the name of all, 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 

I, the undersigned, accept this Act of Appointment of wliich 
the original has been delivered to me, in the fear of the Lord, 
with heartfelt thanks to the Rev. Consistory. 

Johannes Montague. 
New York, 

October 12, 1730. 

Dutch Church of ^ew York. 

:N'ew York, Jan. 25, 1729-30. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. The following 
request was read: 

To the E.ev. Consistory of the Reformed Protestant Dutch 
Church, New York. 

The humble petition and request of Johan Pieter Zenger: — 
Rev. Sirs: 

It is doubtless known to you that in the year 1727, your peti- 
tioner was appointed to assist Mr. Kuch as organist, under no 
other conditions to my advantage, than that after Mr. Kuch's 
resignation, I should be appointed in his place; to that end, I 
should seek, through the instruction of Mr. Kuch, to qualify 
myseK for the office. And I hope that I have given no cause 
of complaint in this matter. 

!N'ow since it is your pleasure to continue Mr. Kuch still longer 
in the service, (and against which I have nothing to say), and no 
longer to employ me, I humbly request you to consider my f aith- 



2496 Ecclesiastical Records 

ful service, and in some way assure me that I have not labored 
in vain, nor idly spent my time to my own injury. 

Your obedient and humble servant, 

John Peter Zenger. 

Jan. 31, l729-3a. 

Thereupon the following was Eesolved: Inasmuch as the Con- 
sistory in 1727 promised to J. P. Zenger, that whenever Mr. Kuch 
should give up his place as Organist, he, J. P. Zenger, should be 
the next to have the place, on such conditions as the Consistory 
should determine, in case he should have the requisite fitness : and 

Inasmuch as that promise, for certain reasons, was then made 
only orally; the answer to the foregoing request is, that that 
promise shall now be put in writing and committed to the Church 

G. du Bois, p. t. Praeses. 

Advertisement by Rev. George Michael Weiss, in the 
Philadelphia Meecuey, foe Scholaes. 

1730, Feb. March. 

This is to give notice that the subscriber hereof, being desirous 
to be as generally useful as he can, in this country, wherein he 
is a stranger, declares his willingness to teach logic, natural phi- 
losophy, metaphysics, etc., to all such as are willing to learn. The 
place of teaching will be widow SproegeFs on Second street, 
where he will attend, if he has encouragement, three times a 

week for that exercise. 

Signed, G. M. 

Miaister of the Reformed Palatinate Church. 

This advertisement was repeated three times, signed G. M. 
But in the paper of March 12, 1730, his full name appears, as 
it does in four subsequent issues. — Dr. Good's Hist. Reformed 
Church, 115. 

OF THE State of !N'ew Yoke. 2497 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Consistories at Poughkeepsie and rishkill, to certain min- 
isters at Amsterdam, iVpril 13, 1730. 

(Portfolio, " :N'ew York,'' Vol. i.) 

Power of Attorney 

to the Rev. Messrs. Hermanns van de Wal, Johannes Hagelis, 

Leonard Beels and Tiberius Reitsma, to make a call 

for a minister for Pakeepsie and the Vischkil. 

Whereas the inhabitants of this healthy and fruitful district 
are daily multiplying under God's favor; and especially the de- 
scendants of those, who have gradually, for some years past, come 
over from Holland and have chosen this district as their dwelling 
place; and who profess to be members of the Dutch Reformed 

Whereas, the churches of PAKEEPSIE and VISCHKIL — 
situated on the Eastern side of the I^orth River; the Southern 
part consisting of the Vischkil, about twelve miles, the iSTorthem 
part, consisting of Pakeepsie, being about sixteen Dutch miles 
from !N^ew-York — having so greatly increased under God's 
providence, that they now consist of a considerable number of 
church members — although still very few in number, especially 
at Viskil — who, each Lord's day, attend the public divine ser- 
vice, which consists of reading a sermon on said Lord's day, and 
which is done, at least, at each village; while some one of the 
Dutch Reformed pastors, at our request, administers the Holy 
Sacraments at certain times of the year: 

ARE VERY DESIROUS to enjoy among ourselves even as 
other churches, the preaching of the Gospel, with whatever be- 
longs thereto, by a regular pastor and teacher, that both the 



2498 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

old and young may be the better led to the knowledge of pure 
religious doctrine, and that we may the more becomingly cele- 
brate an established service, and thus be encouraged to a zealous 
effort after true piety, and to a sincere faith in Christ, etc.: 
It is above all things absolutely necessary for us, because there 
are so many, who are like sheep without a shepherd: 

THEREFORE, all the members of the congregations at 
Pakeepsie and Vischkil have agreed jointly to call for both con- 
gregations a pastor from Holland. They have accordingly au- 
thorized us, the undersigned Elders and Deacons of Pakeepsie 
and the Yischkil, to forward this pious enterprise. Eor this 
purjDose we have received from each of the said members, as well 
as from other inhabitants belonging here, a voluntary subscrip- 
tion for a certain sum in order to raise a sufS.cient yearly salary 
for a Dutch Reformed Pastor from Holland, according to our 
little ability; but these, under God's favor, are now so greatly 
increasing, that to all appearances, we shall shortly be able to 
make a considerable increase therein. After consulting and ad- 
vising with several ministers of the Dutch Reformed Church in 
this country, in our church meeting, after the invocation of God's 
name, we resolved, to present to you, Rev. Messrs. van de Wal, 
Joh. Hagelis, Leonard Beells and Tiberius Reitsma, this, our 
letter of attorney, to call a Dutch Reformed pastor for our 
congregations : 

By this, our power of attorney, we confer upon you. Rev. 
Messrs. Hermanns van de Wal, Johannes Hagelis, Leonard Reels 
and Tiberius Reitsma, all requisite authority, right and power 
fully to take our place, and to call, either unanimously, or by 
a majority of votes, for the Dutch Reformed congregations of 
Pakeepsie and Vischkil, in the Province of ISTew York, under the 
Crow^n of Great Britain in America, an orthodox, competent and 
respectable Dutch Reformed lawful pastor and teacher, who 
shall undertake among us the preaching of the Gospel, the cate- 
chetical exercises, and the administration of the Seals of the 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek:. 2499 


Covenant, according to the institution of Christ; and diligentl;5^ 

and wisely to maintain with the officers of the church the proper 

discipline of the church; and further to do everything that is 

required by, and appertains to, the office of a faithful servant 

of Jesus Christ, according to God's Holy Word and the good 

Order of the church as established at the Synod of Dort, 1618 

and 1619, and the customs prevailing among the Dutch Reformed 

churches in this land. And in particular, to explain this service 

among us a little more definitely: 

The minister, who is to be called for our congregations by your 

Reverences, shall, when in good health, 

1. Preach twice every Sunday, discussing the topics of the 
Heidelberg catechism in the afternoon. 

2. His Reverence must preach at Pakeepsie on the first Sun- 
day, at Yischkil on the next, and so on in turns. 

K. B. The two churches are about two and a half Dutch 
miles apart. 

3. He shall in the winter because of the wide dispersion of 
the dwellings of the people, from the first Sunday in November 
to the first Sunday in March, preach not more than once on 
each Lord's day; and thus also, he shall preach at Christmas, on 
the first and second day; on ISTew Year's day. Ascension, Easter 
and Pentecost, as is customary. 

4. His Reverence will also catechize every week, for at 
least six months in the year, in the district where he has preached, 
on Sunday, at such time and place as may be deemed best. 

5. The Lord's Supper is to be administered four times in the 
year, at suitable times, to the congregations: namely, twice at 
Pakeepsie and twice at the Yischkil; or oftener, as the Consis- 
tories with the minister may think proper. 

6. The Preparatory service is to be held at some time on the 
Thursday before communion; and the Thanksgiving service, in 
the afternoon of the day when the Lord's Supper has been admin- 
istered in the morning. 


2500 Ecclesiastical E-ecoeds 

7. The house to house pastoral visitation shall be performed 
at least twice a year, in each village, at the time most convenient, 
according to the resolution of the Consistory. 

Will your Reverences look out for a suitable teacher for our 
congregations? Let him be married or unmarried; not above 
thirty two years old; and persuade him to accept of this service. 
We promise to his Reverence, 

1. The sum of seventy pounds Is'ew York currency ($175.) 
yearly, for the first five consecutive years; and from the sixth 
year eighty poimds 'New York currency ($200.) annually. 

2. This sum shall be promptly paid to his Reverence during 
his faithful service among us, by the Elders and Deacons, or their 
successors in semi-annual installments. 

3. The time of his salary shall begin -v^dth the hoisting the 
anchor of the ship, on which he sails hither from Amsterdam. 

4. His Reverence shall also, with his family, have free passage. 

5. He shall reside either at Pakeepsie or at Yischkil, or in 
such neighborhood as it shall be found most convenient, and 
pleases him best. At such places the two congregations are to 
build him a comfortable dwelling as soon as possible and to keep 
it in good repair. 

6. The congregation, in which he selects his residence, shall 
from year to year provide him, both in winter and summer, with 
sufficient fuel, to be piled up near his house. 

7. The congregations shall present him, on his arrival, a good 
horse, with saddle and bridle; but subsequently, he must provide 
himself with a horse, to attend to his duties in going around 
among his people. In addition, therefore, shall the congregations 
give his Reverences three pounds from year to year; and also 
provide him with three morgues (six acres) of pasturage, a gar- 
den with a good fence, and plant an orchard of one hundred 
fruit trees as soon as possible. 

8. When he preaches or performs any other duties in other 
districts, where he does not reside, he shall be provided with free 
lodging, board, etc., for the time being. 

OF THE State of Xew Toek. 2501 


All this, We, the uiidersigiied Elders and Deacons of Pakeepsie 

and Yischkill, promise to his Reverence; 

(1) first, according to the written subscriptions and voluntary 
obligations of the members of each of the congregations, with 
the other inhabitants among us, there being enough of us to 
make up the salary mentioned. 

(2) For the prompt fulfillment of all these things, we engage 
and bind ourselves, qualitate qua ; that is as present Elders and 
Deacons; and the same shall also be done by all and every one, 
who after us, shall from time to time be named Elders and 
Deacons of our congregations. This is to be done by signing 
the call, before they are confirmed in their respective offices, pur- 
suant to the customs usual in several congregations in these 
parts, and according to the resolution of all who have ever done 
duty among us as Elders and Deacons. 

(3) Both congregations have bound themselves by their sig- 
natures, never to dissolve the union between Pakeepsie and Yisch- 
kil, except in a regular ecclesiastical manner, in the presence of 
at least two ministers of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, or of 
some ministers called here from Amsterdam and who are in cor- 
respondence with the Rev. Classis, and who have been selected 
thereto by consent of both congregations, and with the approval 
of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

This, then, is our earnest desire, and gives you full authority 
to call, according to the above conditions, a competent and suit- 
able pastor for our congregations. We pray the great Shepherd 
of the sheep, our great God and Savior, who through his spirit, 
gathers his flock by the ministry of the Gospel, in every place 
and from among all people, that it may please him to bless 
these conditions of our call; and we humbly request that your 
Reverences, considering the great necessities of our congrega- 
tions, will take the trouble to seek out an able man for our con- 
gregations; and when he is found, to persuade him to accept 
this ministry, and to come over to us by the first opportunity; 



2502 Ecclesiastical E-ecoeds 

for lie should recognize tlie fact that a zealous servant of Jesus 
Christ may gather here a good harvest for Jehovah, and also be 
an instrument for the spreading of his kingdom and the glorifica- 
tion of His E^ame. 

We give the assurance that we shall esteem, love and honor 
his Reverence who shall come over as our teacher, in such a man- 
ner as is due to a sincere pastor. We shall longingly await his 
arrival, and pray God, to make his voyage safe. We shall al- 
ways gratefully acknowledge your good services, and pray God 
to crown you with his favor and bless your persons, your services 
and your families, to the glorification of his holy Name and the 
winning and saving of many souls. Amen. 


The Deacons. The Elders. 

Louwerens van Cleef (Kleeck) Pieter Parmentier 

The mark MB of Johannes van Kleck 
Myndert van den Boogaart 


Abraham Brinkerhoff Pieter du Booys 

The mark W of Aberham Buys 

Hendrik Phillips 

I, the undersigned, requested thereto as correspondent, cer- 
tify, that these signatures were made after calling upon God's 
name in the Ecclesiastical Meeting of the Elders and Deacons of 
the united congregations at Pakeepsie and YisMl, the 13th of 
April 1730. 

V. Antonides, 

Minister at Midwout, etc., 
on Long Island. 

(See another translation in History of Eirst Reformed Church 
of Poughkeepsie, 1893, pages 35-40. Rev. Cornelius Van Schie 
came over on this call, 1731.) 

OF THE State of New York. 2503 


Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Consistory of Poughkeepsie and Fishkill, to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, April 17, 1730. 

(Portfolio, " 'New York," Vol. i.) 

(Answered Dec. 5, 1730.) 

High and Reverend Assembly — 
The Classis of Amsterdam: 

Very Reverend, Pious, and Highly-Learned Gentlemen and 
Fathers in Jesus Christ: — ?j 

We, the undersigned, elders and deacons of the Dutch churches 
of Poughkeepsie and the Fish Kill, in the name of all the members 
of the said churches, have conferred power to call a minister in 
their behalf, upon four ministers who are members of your High 
Reverend Body. This authority, we understand, will be shown 
to your High Rev. Assembly, for the approbation of the call 
which may be made. 

Up to this time, these churches have never had a regular min- 
ister. Hence they are as yet unknown to the High Rev. Classis. 
For this reason we have thought it advisable to present ourselves 
respectfully before the Classis by a special letter, and to give a 
necessary account of certain matters. 

We are situated in a pleasant region of the Province of iSTew 
York. This is referred to in our letter giving power of attorney 
to certain ones ; hence it is unnecessary here to repeat it. Also 
now, our churches, for the first, are growing to such an extent, 
that it is more than probable that in a few years, under God's 
blessing, we shall be greatly increased; for there is still here 
much uncultivated land, although ver^^ fit for cultivation. 

But that which we have to lay before the Classis, by these 
presents, after taking proper coimsel, is the resolution, unani- 


2504 Ecclesiastical Records 

mously adopted by our two congregations for union. Without 
such union, neither one of them by itself would have been able 
for a long time, if they would ever have dared to attempt to 
maintain a minister. And we wished also to assure the Rev. 
Assembly that our churches have chosen the Classis of Amster- 
dam, to refer themselves to them, in all necessary ecclesiastical 
business, whether regular or occasional, as circumstances require. 

In the " authorization '^ itself, it is expressly declared, that 
the combination of the two congregations, upon the conditions 
mentioned therein, was adopted in this form, that the union shall 
never be broken except in an ecclesiastical manner, and in the 
presence of at least two or more ministers who are in correspond- 
ence with the Classis of Amsterdam, and who reside in this 
Province. These also must have been called hither by the said 
Classis, or by some ministers of the city of Amsterdam, chosen 
thereto by these two churches; and that, again, not otherwise 
than with the approval of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

We deemed it necessary to declare this in a separate letter 
over our own signatures to the Classis of Amsterdam, that our 
declaration might always be preserved there; and also that this 
declaration might oblige us, and our successors after us, to per- 
severe faithfully in the union which we had made; as well as 
the better to assure the ministers coming from Holland, that the 
promises of the churches would be inviolably kept. This will 
be further seen by this our letter, in which we express our utter 
displeasure with all unfaithfulness in such matters. And we 
have also been well instructed, that in accordance with the nature 
of the Christian Church, there ought to be no independency, but 
that all should recognize subordination (to proper authorities). 
We believe this to be highly necessary. 

To this end therefore, let this our letter serve, namely: to an 
honorable declaration, that it is our sincere purpose, in respect 
to all ecclesiastical matter or circumstances which may arise, to 
address, or to refer ourselves to no other Classis of the Dutch 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 2505 

Keformed Church in Holland, than to your BQgh Keverend 
Assembly, with the proper request for your aid and counsel. 
And we promise to do whatever you, in your wisdom and deep 
insight may deem best in all ecclesiastical business. 

Meanwhile, the High Rev. Assembly need have no doubts but 
that the salary of the minister called will be paid him promptly 
from time to time; for the members of each congregation, in ad- 
dition to other residents among us, have pledged themselves in 
writing to this effect. 

The two congregations it thus appears, are greatly longing for 
a minister, that they may be increasingly built up by him in the 
right knowledge of the pure doctrine of truth which is according 
to salvation; and in the most holy faith, under the operation of 
God's Spirit, to their comfort and salvation. 

We conclude by commending your much esteemed persons to 
God and His grace. We cordially wish all prosperity and bless- 
ing upon your ministry, from God in Christ, to the best interests 
of God's Church; while we subscribe ourselves with dutiful 

High E^verend Assembly, 

Your servants in Jesus Christ, 

The Elders and Deacons of the Dutch Reformed Churches 

of Poughkeepsie and the Fish Kill. 

The Elders. 

_ , T . ( Peter Parmentier -^. , , .-,, ( Peter du Booys 
Poughkeepsie. | j^^^ ^^^ ^^^^_ Fishkill. | ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ 

The Deacons. 

( La^vrence van Kleek 
Poughkeepsie. } the mark MB of 

( Myndert van den Bogaart. 

( Abraham Brinckerhof 
Eishkni. ] the mark HF of 
( Henry Philips. 



2506 Ecclesiastical Records 

I, the undersigned, declare, that I was invited as correspondent 
to be present, and that the above signatures were attached, after 
the calling upon God's name, in the church-meeting of the Elders 
and Deacons of the combined churches of Poughkeepsie and 
Eishkill, April 13, 1730. 

V. Antonides, 
Minister of the church of Midwout, etc., on Long Island. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Correspondence from America. 

The Consistory of Ereehold and MiddletoA\Ti, X. J. to certain 
individuals in Amsterdam to secure them a minister, April, 

Addressed : 

Letter to Messrs. Van de Wall, Vos, Beels and Rysma, authoriz- 
ing them to make out a call. 

(Portfolio, N. Y. Vol. i.) 

Authorization to settle on and call a minister for the Dutch 
Reformed Church of Freehold and Middletown, on the I^avesink, 
in 'New Jersey; sent to the Revs. Hermanns Van de Wall, Henry 
Vos, L. Beels, and Tiberius Rysma, (Rytsma) : 

Reverend and Much Esteemed Sirs: — 

For more than thirty years now, (1700-1731) divers families 
have come, from time to time, from New York to take up their 
abode in this adjoining province of New Jersey. Many have 
also come from Long Island to the E'avesinks. They themselves, 
or their parents, were members of the Dutch Reformed Church, 
and at first they were ministered to by the preachers of Long 
Island, who, by turns, at certain fixed times of the year, came 
over for this purpose. But it was too difficult for them to con- 
tinue to do this, and also not without peril, on account of the 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2507 

great Bay they had to cross, and the considerable distance. For 
they made the journey in a small vessel and under fierce winds. 

But about twenty years ago, (1709) while this community was 
still small and unable to support a minister from Holland, an 
opportunity occurred so that we could be served by a regular 
pastor. There was then here a well known English preacher, 
Joseph Morgan by name, and of orthodox faith. He was also 
somewhat acquainted with the Dutch language, and was willing 
to hold services, partly for the Scotch in English, and partlj^ for 
us in Dutch, doing as well as he could. 

The matter was referred to the ministers of Long Island. 
They approved of the plan, and recognized Rev. Morgan as ortho- 
dox and of an edifying deportment. He was, therefore, installed 
by Rev. Freeman as our regular pastor and teacher, and, as was 
said, it is now about (more than?) twenty years that we have 
enjoyed the services of Rev. Joseph Morgan at Freehold and 
Middletown. He has faithfully and diligently persevered in 
his duties, according to his ability, and to our edification. 

Meantime, (1709-1731) the Scotch congregation here greatly 
increased. It therefore urged the Rev. Morgan henceforth to 
let them enjoy at least half of his ser\4ces, for they had not had 
more than one fourth before. They urged this so strongly that 
Rev. Morgan at length, of his o^vn accord, (so far as we were 
concerned) made an amicable and urgent request that we the 
undersigned elders and deacons of Freehold and Middletown, 
would release him from his services among us. He argued that 
the Scotch people desired, if not the whole, at least the half 
of his services, and he wished, therefore, to resign those (which 
he had given us,) inasmuch as he was obliged to relinquish one 
or the other congregation. Upon due consideration of the mat- 
ter, he had resolved to give himself entirely to the Scotch 
Church, if he could obtain a proper release from the Dutch, in- 
asmuch as he preaches with more satisfaction in the English 
language than in the Dutch. 



2508 Ecclesiastical Records 

We could not consent to this until we had ascertained the 
opinion of our people. We therefore spoke about it to all our 
members, and learned their unanimous readiness to write to Hol- 
land for a Dutch minister. We accordingly released from his 
office our esteemed and greatly beloved pastor, Rev. Morgan, 
since there was nothing else to do, although we did it reluctantly. 
We did this also, because the youth and the uninstructed needed 
to be taught the Catechism in Dutch; but this could not be 
expected to go on very smoothly with Rev. Morgan, who had 
not a perfect mastery of the Dutch. Mr. Morgan also expressed 
the opinion that it would tend to the prosperity of the Gospel 
among us, if the Dutch Church should have a Dutch minister, 
and if he (Morgan) should preach in English only. He has also 
given us a declaration in writing that he fully relinquishes his 
services among us and voluntarily resigns his office, for the rea- 
sons mentioned, as regular pastor and teacher of the Dutch 
Church of Freehold and Middletown; although as our nominal 
pastor, he will still occasionally hold services among us, and ad- 
minister the sacraments, until a minister shall arrive from Hol- 
land, inasmuch as he will, imtil then occupy the nearest relation 
to us. 

Inasmuch then, as our congregation desires, under God's Provi- 
dence, the happiness of having, as soon as possible, like the other 
Dutch Churches in this country, a Dutch minister from Holland, 
able, orthodox and pious, that they may enjoy the ministrations 
of the Gospel; and 

Inasmuch as we, the undersigned elders and deacons are au- 
thorized thereto by the whole congregation ; for we have obtained 
the necessary signature of every member for this purpose, and 
have also the full consent and approval of Rev. Morgan, as 
appears from his subjoined signature hereto; and also with the 
advice and counsel of persons of intelligence, and in the presence 
of Rev. G. Du Bois; and, finally, after calling upon the name of 
God, we adopted fully this our resolution: 

OF THE State of 'Nbw Yoek. 2509 

To forward these, our letters of authorization and determina- 
tion of a call to your Keverences, and to convey to you every 
required power, right and authority, which belong to us as the 
Consistory of the Dutch Church of Freehold and Middletown; 
in order that, unanimously, if possible, or at least by a majority, 
you may make out a full call for us, as occupying our place: 

Even as we do, by these presents, perfectly convey to you 
all the requisite power, right and authority aforesaid, to call a 
capable person, not over thirty five years of age, whether married 
or immarried, orthodox according to the teachings of our Re- 
formed Church, being learned and of good deportment in life, 
and prudent in liis intercourse: 

To occupy among us the ofiice of the ministry, having these 
required qualifications, — as the regular pastor and teacher in the 
Dutch Reformed Church of Jesus Christ at Freehold and Mid- 
dletown, on the ISTavesinks, in the Province of ^ew Jersey, situ- 
ated in America and bordering on ^ew York; — and as such to 
conduct preaching services and catechization, to administer the 
sacraments, and wisely to exercise church discipline in connection 
with the other overseers of the congregation; and furthermore, 
to do everything that belongs to a faithful and diligent perform- 
ance of the ministry of the Gospel according to the Constitution 
of the Dutch Reformed Church, and the Synod of Dort, 1618-19. 

Our particular demands are as follows: 

1. The said minister must hold his preaching services in two 
different places, namely, at Freehold and Middletown, being dis- 
tant from each other about an hour and a half's journey, preach- 
ing on one preaching day in the one, and on the next preaching 
day in the other, although the two constitute only one congre- 
gation, being usually called the Church on the ISTavesinks, and 
having also only one Consistory. 

2. From the beginning of !N"ovember to the end of February, 
he need not hold more than one service on a preaching day; but 


2510 Ecclesiastical Records 


during the remainder of the year, twice every Lord's Day; as 

also on Xew Year's Day, Ascension Day, and Pentecost, as is 

generally the custom here; but on Christmas, but once, on the 

first day, as also on the second (day of Christmas). 

3. In that part of the congregation where he preaches on 
Sunday, he shall hold catechetical classes during the week, if 
the weather permits, at such time and place as best suits the 

4. Once every three months the Lord's Supper shall be cele- 
brated, one quarter in the one Church, and the next quarter in 
the other Church. The preparatory sermon shall always be de- 
livered on the Thursday before the Supper; but house to house 
visitation shall only take place twice a year. 

In order now to search for such a pastor — a person not over 
thirty five years of age, either married or unmarried. We the 
Undersigned, Elders and Deacons of the Church on the Nave- 
sinks, do promise the one called by you, so long as he shall per- 
form the above mentioned ministrations in a manner becoming 
a minister of Christ: 

1. For his sole use an entire farm of one hundred acres, being 
as good, arable land as any in Freehold. In this a family can 
properly subsist. For such a farm, Rev. Morgan made on an 
average, at least thirty pounds in money, besides his own bread 
wheat. If the minister should, at first, be unacquainted with 
farming, and not have hands for that purpose, he can rent the 
farm, at first, drawing one third therefrom; or else could rent 
it out fully for at least fifteen pounds. Nevertheless, by the 
aid and instruction of the well disposed — of whom, we believe, 
there will be no lack — there can be but little doubt that in a 
few years he could manage the farm himself. 

2. But we promise him therewith, an annual salary of seventy 
pounds good current money of this Pro^dnce, (one hundred and 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 2511 

seventy five dollars), of whicli sum shall be paid each half year, 
the just half — and this shall be done every year. 

3. We also promise him a good and suitable parsonage on said 
farm, which is located in Freehold, about half a quarter of an 
hours distance from the Church there, which is about the centre 
of the congregation. The people are scattered over an area of 
about -^Ye quarter hours travel in width, and fully three (Dutch) 
miles (twelve English miles) in length. The people will repair 
the Parsonage in which Eev. Morgan lived, to the new minister's 
satisfaction, as soon as he arrives among us, and will keep it in 
good repair thereafter. The parsonage is distant from the water, 
(Shrewsbury Inlet) about five quarter hours travel. It is our 
idea that within a few years the church will be moved close to 
the parsonage. 

Finally: We promise to provide him, on his arrival, with a 
good riding horse. 


In order further to explain the promised salary referred to 
herein, it is deemed proper to add that the minister is given his 
choice as follows: If instead of the farm and seventy pounds, 
he prefers eighty pounds and free firewood, to be delivered at 
his house — (he may have it so). But if he should choose this, 
which we do not expect he will, — he must then know that the 
parsonage will have to be in another place. But his choice will 
be given him after his arrival, as only then will he be able to 
make such a choice. 

All this we promise in this form, namely: 

1. That we, and all the individual members of the Church 
have each one for himseK, (lit. each head for head) promised, 
voluntarily, a certain sum, by subscription, which is to be given 
by them, from time to time, for payment, to the minister. These 



2512 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

smns, together, properly make up the promised salary of the 

2. That we agree, with all sincerity, and with all proper dili- 
gence, always to gather this promised sum against the appointed 
time, or will see that it is collected at our order; and that the 
promised salary shall be paid to the minister, promptly. 

3. That we, the undersigned, pledge ourselves to comply with 
these two just mentioned articles, by our signatures hereto, 
qualitate qua, (officially), as the present Elders and Deacons; 
even as this shall also be done by all, and severally, of those 
who shall be elected, from time to time, after us, as Elders and 
Deacons of our Church; and, that before their installation in 
their respective offices, namely: by also signing this insti-ument 
of call. This is to be done, according to the unanimous resolu- 
tion of our Great Consistory. 

In the meantime, we assure our minister that we will hold 
him in such love, honor and esteem, as is due a sincere minister 
of the Holy Gospel. 

And as we do not doubt but that you will encounter some 
capable person, and persuade him to undertake this call, in the 
fear of the Lord, on these conditions and promises; and to come 
over to us, to minister to our people, among whom may be won 
a rich harvest for Jehovah by a diligent worker; so do we also 
hope that after he shall have accepted of our call, he will, with- 
out delay, do everything in his power to start out on his journey 
as quickly as possible, and on the first suitable opportunity; and 
our prayers shall ascend to God that he will preserve him from 
all dangers and make his journey prosperous. 

For thus do we pray to the Great Shepherd of the sheep: — 
that it may please him, according to the abundance of his good- 
ness, to follow up this call, executed in his fear, with his Divine 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2513 

blessing; that it may tend to the magnifying of his Most Holy 
Name; to the upbuilding of his Church; and the winning and 
salvation of many souls. 

Thus done at Xew York to-day. 

Elders. Deacons. 

John Kouwenhoven, Dirk Borkloo, 

Cornelius Wykhof, Henry Hess, 

Oerrit Schenck, his 

Elbert Willemse, John [E V M] Van Meteren, 

William Couwenhoven. 

This Authorization and Determination, (statement of terms?) 

of a Call, took place with my full consent and approval, and of my 

own motion, for reasons mentioned therein. I have fully given up 

my office and have both verbally and in writing resigned my 

office, as the regular pastor and teacher of the Dutch Church of 

Freehold and Middletown. To this I attest. 

Joseph Morgan. 

I testify that all this took place in my presence, at the request 

of the Rev. (Joseph) Morgan, as well as of the Elders and 

Deacons of !N'avesinks, 

G. Du Bois. 

A note on the back of this letter says — (Eev. Ger. Haegoort, 
examined in the Classis, April, 1731.) 
Haegoort accepted this call. 

Syi^^od of ISToETH Holland. 

1730, July 25 — Aug. 
Article 2. 

As to help for this church the Corresponding delegates of 
(the Synod of) Gelderland reported, that for certain reasons it 



2514 Ecclesiastical Records 

had been refused by them. (The Sjnod of) South Holland had 
contributed florins 79. The delegates read a letter which they 
had received simply setting forth the necessity of helping this 
church, urging the matter with strong reasons, and presenting, 
in an agreeable manner, the benefits of liberally contributing 
thereto. There are in that locality already 15000 old Palatinate 
Reformed confessors, and 600 persons more had recently sailed 
by way of Rotterdam on their voyage thither. Hence our dele- 
gates heartily recommended that church to the Classes; and the 
Classis of Amsterdam declared, that hereafter, it neither would 
nor should hold itself aloof. (The Classis of) Hoorn had con- 
tributed florins 10; Enkhuysen florins 20 for itself, and florins 
20 from the deacons, and promising florins 40 more from the 
deacons. (The Classis of) Alkmaar, florins 200, while (the Classis 
of) Haarlem 100.— Vol. 60, p. 8. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. 

1730, July 17th. Classis has already done its part, and fur- 
ther promises all possible aid. As regards the subsidium, the 
Classis has not yet been solicited therefor by this church, and 
therefore leaves it to the Committee to act therein pro re nata. 
xi. 15. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Beum (Boehm) in Pennsylvania. 

1730, Sept. 4th. Rev. George Michael Wys (Weiss), mmister 
at Philadelphia in Pennsylvania, with an elder from Schiebach, 
were presented. They made known that the church of Schiebach, 
from which was also received a letter signed by several indi- 
viduals, is much disturbed and in great confusion. That church 
refuses to acknowledge as a lawful minister. Rev. Beum (Boehm), 
ordained by order of this Classis by the ministers of ISTew York. 
See Acta, January 11, 1729. He (Weiss) requested that the 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 2515 

Classis would make some provision in reference to this matter, so 
that that church may be restored to quietness. Whereupon the 
Eev. Deputati ad res Exteras were requested to examine this case 
carefully, and to furnish the Assembly with their pre-advice. 
Furthermore, his Reverence requested a donation for the building 
of a church in Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania. This church is 
accordingly recommended to the benevolence of all the churches 
under the jurisdiction of this Classis. xi. 25. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterda:m. 
Rev. Beum (Boehm) in Pennsylvania. 

1730, Oct. 2nd. The pre-advice of Rev. Deputati ad res Ex- 
teras regarding Rev. Boehm in Pennsylvania was adopted and 
made into a resolution of Classis, and the Clerk was directed to 
give a copy thereof to Rev. Weys (Weiss) at his own charges, 
(dechargie.) It is of the follomng contents: 

Rev. Boehm must be looked upon as a lawful minister in 

1. Because he is recognized as such according to resolution of 
this Classis. 

2. He has been qualified and installed by the ministers of Xew 
York, who were authorized thereto by this Classis. 

3. Because he was installed w4th the consent of the delegates 
from the three churches, in the presence of Rev. Weys (Weiss). 

4. By reason of the agreement that exists between Rev. Weys 
and Rev. Boehm, whereby a particular congregation was assigned 
separately to each. If the entire work is not to fall into dis- 
order, this must serve as a rule of action. 

5. Over agaiQst the letter from many individuals of the church 
of Schibach, protesting against this (ordination of Boehm) is 
placed the letter from the consistories of the three churches; 
and especially the letter from the ministers of ^ew York, in 
which an accurate report is given of the entire transaction. 


2516 Ecclesiastical Records 


The Assembly has moreover resolved that a letter shall be 

sent on its behalf to the church of Schibach, to pacify it and 

tc admonish it, that it must by all means recognize Rev. Boehm 

as its lawful minister, xi. 27, 28. 

"New [N'etherland. 

Further, the Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras made report regard- 
ing the dispute in 'New I^etherland between Rev. Frielinghuysen 
and certain others. The Assembly requested them carefully to 
investigate this whole case, and to lay it clearly before this As- 
sembly, xi. 28. 

Dutch Chtech of New York. 

:N^ew York, Oct. 6, 1730. 

In Consistory: After calling on God's name, the desires of 
some in the Congregation were mentioned: 

1. That family pews, for men and women together, should 
be sold in perpetuity; provided that a yearly quit-rent should be 
paid to the church for every seat; that the seats should descend 
only in the direct male or female line; that if the succession ex- 
pired, the pew should revert to the church; and that this should 
apply to the two blocks (or pews) in front of the pulpit. 

2. Or; Family pews, for men and women together, should be 
sold for a life time; and in case of death be sold again by the 
church, to another person. 

3. Or; Each one shall sit separately, and yet buy a place for 
life. The second and third articles to be according to the Old 
Church Orders concerning the sittings. 

4. Provided that every one buying, shall continue bound to 
pay for the minister, or else forfeit his pew or seat to the church, 
within a year and six weeks. 

Resolved, to meet again on this matter at the first opportunity. 
— Lib. B. 93. 

OF THE State of New York. 2517 

Dutch Church of New York. 

New York, Oct. 8, 1730. 

In Consistory: After calling on the Lord's name, the forego- 
ing business (Oct. 6) was taken into consideration. It was 
thought that to sell family seats for men and women together, in 
perpetuity, would yield agreeable profits to the church. There- 
fore these conditions were imposed. 

1. The seats shall descend only in the direct line, male and 
female, and the line dying out, they shall revert to the church. 
In case payment for the preaching is refused for one year and six 
weeks, or the occupant moves out of the city, the church shall 
have the right to hire it out again, until they return; yet the 
widow of a purchaser shall during her widowhood, retain her 
place in the pew. 

2. No pew shall be made larger, higher or smaller than it now 
is; yet on the inside some change is allowed for convenience, the 
owners bearing the expense; provided that the whole change is 
made by the Church Masters, or with their consent. 

3. The family pews thus sold forever, shall be put up at these 
prices, and not less, if possible. The best appraised at forty 
shillings, on either side of the pulpit, each seat being appraised 
at £27. Those set up at thirty-six shillings, being appraised at 
£25 ; and those at thirty-four shillings being appraised at £22. 

A yearly quit-rent shall be paid to the church for a whole pew 
of four (seats), or each seat at six shillings. New York money. 
For all the rest, thus sold forever, the yearly quit-rent shall be 
five shillings. New York currency. 

4., The family seats, for men and women together, which are 
sold for life, are subject to the conditions of the Old Church, and 
are thus to be set up for sale, according to the appraisement. — 
Lib. B. 95. 



2518 Ecclesiastical Records 

Dutch Chuech of Xew York. 

ISTew York, Oct. 12, 1730. 

In Consistory: After calling on the Lord's name, the forego- 
ing (pew business) was taken into farther consideration. In case 
of the difficulty that two or more persons wanted to buy the same 
peAV, one in perpetuity, and the other for his life time, it was 
thought best that the latter should have it. Still, if he who has 
bought it for life, desires to have it in perpetuity, then he shall 
pay one hundred per cent more than he has already paid. 

Resolved: That inasmuch as the Deacons will have more work, 
in consequence of the new church (two churches), their number 
shall be increased at the next election to eight in all, by electing 
six in addition to the two who remain in office. And the num- 
ber of Elders shall be increased by six, by electing four, in addi- 
tion to the two who remain in office. 

Hereafter, an equal number of Elders and Deacons shall be 
cliosen each year. Of the six Deacons now to be chosen, the two 
who are oldest in ser\dce, shall serve only one year, and go out, 
with the two still remaining in office. And so of the four Elders 
now to be chosen, the oldest one in service, shall serve only one 
year, and go out, with the two Elders still remaining in office. 

John van Aarnheim is appointed clerk and foresinger in the 
'New Church; and Arent van Hoek shall be requested to be door- 
keeper and bell-ringer therein. 

It was represented that the funds from the congregation are 
very scanty, and always fall short of sufficiency to pay the minis- 
ters. [N'evertheless, the ministers preach twice, regularly, on 
Sundays in each church; and it seems reasonable that an increase 
of service should bring an increase of salary. When it was pro- 
posed to abolish the Wednesday preaching, the ministers proposed 
to continue it still this winter. This toil of theirs deserves more 
compensation than formerly. 

The ministers have declared to the congregation that they 
would give the weekly preaching this winter, on condition that in 

OF THE State of !N'ew York. 2519 


the spring, the week-day service shall cease, until it shall again 
be found necessary for the congregation, and means be provided, 
that agreements may be made mth the ministers for the same. 
Meanwhile, the ministers shall leave to the reasonable judgment 
of the meeting, what they shall have more for their double ser- 
vice on Sundays. To this they agreed. 

On the ensuing Thursday afternoon, at one o'clock, the Great 
Consistory shall be called together to consider the desired altera- 
tion in the mode of selling the pews ; and whether men and women 
shall sit separately. This to be done, since it was resolved other- 
wise at the meeting of the Great Consistory, held Dec. 18, 1729. 
So the matter is not further considered now. 

Statement of Rev. Jedediah Andrews, Pastor of the Pres- 
byterian Church of Philadelphia, Concerning Probably 
Rev. George Michael Weiss. 

October 14, 1730. 

" There is in this province a vast number of Palatines, and they still come in 
every year. Those that have come of late are mostly Presbyterians, or as they call 
themselves. Reformed. They did use to come to me for baptism, and many have 
joined with us in the other sacrament. They never had a minister till nine years 
ago, who is a bright young man and a fine scholar." — Dr. Good's Hist. Refd. Ch. 

This may possibly refer to Boehm, though it is not very probable; it probably 
refers to Weiss, who was pastor in Philadelphia; but It is difficult to make out that 
he was there in 1721. The word " nine " is probably a slip of the pen for " three ". 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

1730, Dec. 5th. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras read three 
letters: one to the church of Schiebach; one to Rev. Beum, 
(Boehm); and one to the consistories of Rev. Beum, to promote 
rest and peace in the churches of Pennsylvania. These were 

They also announced that they had arranged mth Rev. Weys 
(Weiss) and his elder, to lend a hand towards that salutary ob- 
ject, (the erection of a church in Pennsylvania); and that Rev. 
Weys had received therefor, from the Diaconate of Amsterdam 
f. 600, ($240.) and from the Consistory f. 150, ($60). He had 


2520 Ecclesiastical Kecokds 

also obtained from their !N'oble Great Estimables, the Messrs. 
Burgomasters, permission to collect f.600, ($240.) xi. 29, 30. 

New York. 
1730, Dec. 5tb. A letter bad arrived from tbe ministers of 
New York in regard to their fulfilled commission in reference 
to Rev. Beum (Boehm). To this the Rev. Deputati had replied, 
with the approval of this Assembly. On motion of Eev. Deputati 
it was resolved to send yearly the Acta of Synod to the ministers 
of New York as a grateful recognition of them, and for the gen- 
eral benefit of all the churches in America, xi. 30. 

(These Acts of the Synod were always in manuscript, and were 
quite elaborate. Probably from tAvelve to twenty copies were 
transcribed each year for distribution to other Synods, to certain 
Classes, and to the several Colonies.) 


1T30, Dec. 5th. The Rev. Deputati also reported in regard 
to the difficulty in New Netherland between Rev. Frielinghuysen 
and some excommunicated members there; that Rev. Frieling- 
huysen having been robbed of his reason, (by sickness), all nego- 
tiations for peace with the excommunicated at North Branch 
and Three Mile Run had been broken off; that these members 
have requested of this Classis to be released from their excom- 
munication, and to be allowed to unite themselves vdth the church 
of Milston (now Harlington), so that together they may enjoy 
the services of a minister; that for this purpose, they have com- 
missioned four ministers of Amsterdam, namely, the Revs. Van 
de Wal, Hagelis, Beels, and van Zon, and ask that this Classis 
would please to give the said committee permission to make such 
a choice for them. The Assembly finds this business to be of 
such great importance, that they refer it to a committee. For 
this purpose are appointed the four gentlemen mentioned, in ad- 
dition to the regular Depp, ad res Exteras. xL 30. 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 2521 


Pokeepsie and Fishkill. 

1730, Dec. 5tli. They further reported that the people of 
Pokeepsie and Vishkill had also commissioned four ministers of 
Amsterdam, to choose a minister for them. This was granted, 
xi. 30. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. John Philip Boehm, 
December 5, 1730. xxix. p ^o. 11. 

Rev. Sir, and Beloved Brother: — 

From your letter of June 29th, 1730, we learned that the let- 
ters of Rev, Classis of Amsterdam, to the Consistory, as well 
as to yourseK, were duly received, and that they tended to re- 
vive you, because the Classis takes such a hearty interest in the 
welfare of the churches in Pennsylvania. 

We not only thank you for your kind wishes towards us, but 
we express our sympathy with you in your poverty. Especially 
do we do this, because we are informed, — and to which we refer 
in no abscure terms to your Consistory, — that schisms and 
divisions still exist among you, and that many discontented ones — 
especially in the church of Schipback — still stand aloof; dissatis- 
fied with your service, and unwilling to acknowledge you as their 
pastor and teacher. 

This grieves our very souls, because we well know that thereby 
the edification of the church will be greatly hindered, as well as 
the increase of the congregation. Therefore we have written in 
a fatherly and brotherly manner to the discontented in Schipback, 
earnestly beseeching and admonishing them to reconciliation and 
unity. We hope God will so impress this upon their consciences 
that we may soon learn of the result desired; and that they have 
acknowledged yourself and ministry, and have received you as 
the bishop of your souls. 


2522 Ecclesiastical Records 

Among other things, we have proposed, as a means towards 
peace, that jou and Eev. Mr. Weis, — whom we find inclined to 
peace and the promotion of our object, — exchange pulpits oc- 
casionally; you preaching in Philadelphia, and Mr. Weis in Schip- 
back. He might thus influence your congregation to peace. The 
congregations, also, on observing your unity and friendship would 
be convinced of its necessity among themselves. 

It is therefore our fatherly and brotherly advice and admoni- 
tion to you to agree to this measure, and to arrange it with Rev. 
Mr. Weis — who has heartily agreed to it himself — and then 
to exercise all friendliness, gentleness and peacableness, as be- 
comes a servant of Jesus Christ, in order to quiet excited feel- 
ings, and to win the people by love. We have a well grounded 
hope that if you thus co-operate, with gentleness, that we shall 
see blessed results to our proposal and admonition. Thus not 
only the churches in the wilderness will be built up and edified, 
but you in your needy condition will be encouraged; for if peace 
is effected — for which we pray God — of coui^e some profit to 
your temporal condition will result. We have understood that 
there are some well-to-do members in the congregation at Schip- 
back, and that there is a building for divine service. Besides 
when peace is effected there will be more hope of assistance from 
other places. We shall be encouraged at hearing that our pious 
endeavors have been blessed. We hope for this from the AU- 
Sufficient One, who has begun to plant liis church in that wilder- 
ness. May he cause his church and congregations to increase to 
the honor of his adorable Kame, to the extension of the Kingdom 
of Jesus, and the salvation of many souls. May he strengthen 
you with his spirit, make your ministry fruitful, and unite your 
minds in the fear of his name, and command his blessing upon all 
that is yours. With this wish, we remain, etc. 

J. Bekker, Dep. CI. ad res exteras. 

P. S. We request that we may be informed in due time of 
the result of our counsel of peace; and that you will please to 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2523 

maintain the agreeable correspondence with the Rev. Classis of 

Classis of Amstekdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Overseers of three German 

Churches in Pennsylvania. December 5, 1730. xxix. p 

:N'o. 10. 
To the Overseers of the three congregations of Falchner, Scwam, 

Schipback and Weitmarsh: 
Dear Brethren: — 

It appears to us from your communication of January 29, 1730, 
that the letters of the Rev. Classis came to your hands, and gave 
you joy; especially the last, concerning the ordination of Rev. 
Bohm, which we understood had taken place; and that some dis- 
contented ones were thereupon satisfied, and have recognized 
Rev. Bohm as their lawful pastor. 

But, meanwhile, we are not ignorant of the fact that schisms 
and contentions still exist. This distresses us, because the 
churches are thereby threatened with great danger, and the plant- 
ing and upbuilding of churches are thereby greatly hindered. 

Men and brethren, we admonish you to brotherly unanimity, 
and to the use of every gentle measure with the discontented, in 
order to secure mutual peace; that you co-operate with your pas- 
tors to destroy all alienation and discord, and the evils resulting 
therefrom; and that you sacredly maintain the Church-Order 
which you have adopted; that the breach may be healed and the 
congregation be edified. 

To this end, we have not only written to Rev. Mr. Bohm, but 
also to the discontented in Schipback. By this, we expect, 
through God's blessing, this desirable result. Thus, when peace 
is restored among the brethren, we believe that Rev. Mr. Bohm 
will be not a little strengthened, in his poverty, and animated 
anew; and that the church in Schipback will rejoice in the exer- 
cise of public worship. 



2524 Ecclesiastical Records 

We will never withdraw ourselves, but will gladly come to 
the aid of your churches, not only with fraternal and fatherly 
counsel, but as far as possible also with deeds. Rev. Mr. Weis 
has already had proof of this; for he has been provided with cer- 
tain gifts of love for the building of a church in Philadelphia. 

The greatest inducements for continuing such charities towards 
you are, unanimity among yourselves, peacableness, love for the 
ordinances, and for the extension of the Savior's I^ngdom among 
you. May God give you the spirit of charity. 
Worthy Sirs and Beloved Brethren, etc. 

J. Bekker, Dep. CI. ad res Exteras. 

December 5, 1Y30. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Schipback, Pa., 
December 5, 1730. xxix. 61. 

To the Friends and Elders of the Church of Schipback. 
Much Beloved Brethren: — 

Your letter of May 10, 1730, we have not only received, but 
carefully considered. We have learned therefrom your objec- 
tions against the appointment and ordination of Rev. Mr. Boehm 
as lawful minister and pastor in Pennsylvania; and especially 
that you would not like to accept and acknowledge him as a 
shepherd of Jesus Christ in the church at Schipback, under pre- 
text that he has succeeded in securing his ordination and con- 
firmation, as regular shepherd and teacher, vdih only the knowl- 
edge of a few; and without the knowledge, and even in opposition 
to a majority of the church of Schipback. 

It grieves us, brethren, to the soul, to see so injurious a schism 
and such discord in a newly organized chm-ch, whereby its 
growth must be greatly hindered, if not, except for proper in- 

OF THE State of ]^ew York. 2526 


terposition, entirely destroyed. It goes to our hearts. Oh ! that 

you would take to heart the welfare of God's Church. Love for 

Zion and for the peace of the brethren, moves us to communicate 

to you our fatherly and brotherly admonitions. Receive then, 

brethren, we beseech you, in God's name and with a peace-loving 

heart, what we now send you, that all may tend to the restoration 

and confirmation of peace, to the edification of the Church and 

to the salvation of many souls. 

From the beginning, we declare that nothing rejoiced us more 
than the prospect of a possibility of peace. Were it within our 
power we would procure you a pastor and teacher who would be 
agreeable and acceptable to all, and who would build you up in 
doctrine and walk. But you know as well as ourselves, that this 
is beyond our ability; since you providentially dwell in a land 
where the means of grace — the dispensers of God's mysteries, 
are still unplentiful. In such places, therefore, one must be con- 
tent with such means as God, in his good pleasure, grants in 
answer to prayer. 

The Eev. Classis having taken into earnest consideration, and 
in the fear of the Lord, your remonstrance, and the earnest re- 
quests made by your delegates, is of the following opinion: 

That Eev. Mr. Boehm ought to be recognized as the lawful 
shepherd and teacher in Pennsylvania, because by order of Classis, 
(upon the representation of Rev. Mr. Boehm and certain ones in 
the churches of Pennsylvania, who earnestly desired it,) he was 
confirmed and properly ordained thereto by the ministers in Xew 
York, who were requested to do this, if he submitted to the con- 
ditions prescribed to him by this Classis; and also, because, in 
connection therewith, reconciliation v^as effected between Revs. 
Messrs. Weis and Boehm, and each was allotted to a separate 
church by mutual agreement. 

Beloved brethren, your dissatisfaction with this act, and your 
representation that the request of Rev. Mr. Boehm and a few 
others took place without your knowledge, and that the ordina- 


2526 Ecclesiastical E-ecokds 

tion does not meet with your approval, cannot induce Classis to 
make null the solemn ordination of Rev. Mr. Boehm. The Classis 
is of opinion, therefore, that this ordination must stand. We 
hope this will not displease you, for how could so solemn an act 
be made void without desecration to God's name? Although the 
request for, and the ordination itself, took place without your 
knowledge, yet it did take place with the knowledge, and at the 
request, of some in the Church and in the Consistory. Since 
then the Rev. Classis recognizes Rev. Mr. Boehm as a lawfully 
ordained pastor, it is our earnest request that you not only be 
reconciled in a fraternal and Christian manner with Rev. Mr. 
Boehm, but that you accept and recognize him as your shepherd 
and the overseer of your church; that you lovingly listen to his 
teachings and Christian admonitions; that you receive from him 
the sacred seals of the covenant, maintaining and cherishing the 
communion of saints; that you may be the better built up in 
faith and in the hope of salvation. 

If any among you think that it was a great misdeed that they 
were overlooked, and therefore refuse to submit themselves to 
peaceful counsels, then let the peacably disposed labor mth these 
brethren with all gentleness, to convince them; and to this end, 
the actual ordination which took place in Xew York will be a 
powerful argument. 

And since a sacred reconciliation was effected between Revs. 
Messrs. Weis and Boehm, so that they sometimes now, in a spirit 
of fraternal unity, exchange pulpits; therefore let the Rev. Mr. 
Weis at such times, urge the discontented to peace, according to 
his own peacable disposition, and promise thus to act as oppor- 
tunity offered. By such exchange and efforts, the churches will 
be impressed by the unity of faith. 

Dear brethren, we pray you to consider that love is the basis 
of our admonition; that charity is the principal duty and adorn- 
ment of the Christian; that love and unity among the brethren 
constitute the great strength of the church of God, by which she 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2527 

is built up and established; that it ever behooves Christian breth- 
ren to forgive any wrong that has been done. We say, there- 
fore, with Paul, " Put on, therefore, as the elect of Grod, holy 
and beloved, bow^els of mercy, kindness, humbleness of mind, 
meekness, long-suffering; forbearing one another and forgiving 
one another, if any man have a quarrel against any; even as 
Christ forgave you, so also do ye. And above all these things, 
put on charity, which is the bond of perf ectness ; and let the peace 
of God rule in your hearts; to the which also ye are called, in 
one body." 

Please also to remember that you live in a country where the 
Church has but a feeble beginning, where it has been but just 
planted, where, although the harvest is great, the laborers are 
few. It is only by God's grace that the light of the Gospel 
beams upon you at all, and that you have any opportunities to 
hear the truth. Bo not show that you have received this grace 
of God in vain. Let it be seen that your hearts are filled with 
love for Gospel truth, that you seek the increase of God's Church, 
the extension of the Gospel, the promotion of the knowledge of 
the doctrine of truth, and the salvation of your souls. This will 
appear, if you use the means which God gives you, although 
they be not exactly according to your liking. Is it not better to 
hear the Word of God from the mouth of a minister, even though 
he be despised by some; even though he had been guilty of some 
error, rather than miss the ministration of the Word altogether? 
If you refuse to accept Rev. Mr. Boehm, how shall the Church 
be edified by the public declaration of God's Word, when the 
number of ministers in those regions is so small? Convince us, 
therefore, brethren, by peaceful conduct that you truly hunger 
and thirst after righteousness. 

We pray you to consider that through disaffection the pious 
are grieved, the godless rejoice, and God's name is blasphemed 
among the unbelieving. But we beseech you, brethren, to labor 
with us to prevent this, and to this end listen to our brotherly 



2528 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

admonitions. "We expect this, with God's gracious blessing, be- 
cause you count it a favor that the Rev. Classis takes to heart 
your affairs, and the condition of the churches in Pennsylvania. 
You also express your gratitude for this, and especially because 
you praise the Classis for seeking to advance the best interests 
of the Church. The greatest proof to us of this, your gratitude, 
as declared, will be your acceptance of this Christian counsel of 
the Rev. Classis. Thus will the breach be restored, offences 
avoided, the piety and edification of the churches promoted. 

We add, finally, that you may learn from Rev. Mr. Weis and 
your delegate, how we are ever seeking to edify and quicken the 
churches in Pennsylvania, not only with loving counsels but with 
loving gifts. In conclusion, we hope and pray that the God of 
love and peace may bind you together in love and peace and 
reverence for his name. May he cause the churches in Pennsyl- 
vania, as well as in IsTetherland to flourish, and may He command 
His divine blessing on you all. 

In hopes that we may be revived by an answer from you, an- 
nouncing peace, we remain, 

"Worthy Sirs and Beloved Brethren, etc. 

J. Bekker, 

Dep. CI. ad res exteras. 

December 5, 1730. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Ministers of I^ew York, December 

1730. xxix. 58. 

Reverend, Godly and Highly Learned Gentlemen, Much-beloved 
Brethren in Christ: — 
Your esteemed letter of April 21st, 1730, enclosing also letters 
from Rev. Bohm and his Consistory, together with writings to 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2529 

Rev. Bokoij came duly to hand. We learned tlierefrom not only 
that our letters of December 1st 1728, and June 20th, 1729, 
were received by you, and that the letters enclosed were sent to 
Rev. Bohm and the brethren in Pennsylvania by your care; but 
also, to our great joy that the ordination of Rev. Bohm had taken 
place, and that a reconciliation had been effected between him 
and Weiss. We thank the good God that it pleased him to bring 
this business to such a desirable end, by influencing their minds 
to peace, and by so blessing our endeavors. 

We cannot neglect to commend your efforts in this matter, 
and to express our satisfaction therewith. The ad^dce and di- 
rection of Classis were completely, and very exactly, executed by 
you, and with the greatest prudence and wisdom. We consider 
ourselves under great obligations to you for your charity and 
labor, as well as for your great care against Congregationalism. 
This, you rightly judge, produces very injurious results. We 
pray God to remember your labor of love, and to crown you with 
his richest blessing, to the welfare and establishment of Zion. 

We are not surprised. Worthy Brethren, that you are not 
pleased with so much troublesome correspondence, and that for 
the reasons given, you would gladly be excused. We well under- 
stand that repeated requests, especially of parties in dispute, are 
costly and difficult, giving you much perplexity, and frequently 
leaving dissatisfaction in those who are not suited. But we are 
still more rejoiced, and we acknowledge it with gratitude, that 
you have allowed yourselves to be convinced, notwithstanding the 
difficulties, as to the duty to continue said correspondence, and 
that thereby you console yourselves for the hard labor. Your 
conclusion gives us much satisfaction. Rev. Sirs, and we earnestly 
request you to persevere therein. We think it, therefore, un- 
necessary, to advance any new reasons, for we are convinced by 
your communication that you will not shirk the duty. We are 
sure you appreciate, as well as ourselves, the necessity and ad- 
vantage therefrom to the Church of God. For whither could 



2530 Ecclesiastical Records 

perplexed people and those in need of counsel, turn, in a land 
where ministers of experience are few. How could schisms, with 
the offences and disputes resulting therefrom, be avoided, except 
by the aid of men who have their senses exercised in the Word 
of God, and in the government of the Church? We trust that 
God may prevent your ever sorrowing that you have taken this 
task upon yourselves. May he pour out upon you the Spirit of 
wisdom. May he make you strong and of good courage, always 
abounding in the work of the Lord. May your counsels ever be 
successful, that the peace and prosperity of the Church may con- 
tinue under your hands, according to the good pleasure of the 

But agreeable as is your conduct, as well as the reconciliation 
effected between the Revs. Weiss and Bohm, we are grieved at 
the complaints of those who yet remain dissatisfied, and refuse 
to acknowledge Rev. Bohm as a laAvful minister. They have 
written to us concerning this, seeking to invalidate the ordination 
performed, on the pretence that all was done without their knowl- 
edge, and even in spite of them. 

So far, however, is the Classis from agreeing to any such 
thing, that it ratifies that ordination as having been legally done, 
and declares your action right. The dissatisfied have also been 
particularly informed, with admonitions added, and earnest 
prayers, to recognize Rev. Bohm as their lawful pastor and 
teacher, and to confirm and approve the compact entered into by 
Revs. Weiss and Bohm. We trust that our counsel of love, re- 
enforced by yours as speedily as possible, may have, under God's 
blessing, the desired result. We have also most kindly admon- 
ished Rev. Bohm and his adherents, to co-operate most gently, in 
order to win the dissatisfied ones by love. 

Rev. Weiss, with a delegate (Elder Reiff), from the church of 
Schipback, has been here to collect means to build a church in 
Philadelphia. This has enabled us to become well acquainted 
with him, and to converse with him particularly about the dis- 

OF THE State of E'ew York. 2531 

putes yet remaining. We testify to his praise that we found him 
gentle, modest and inclined to peace. He and his companion have 
faithfully promised their earnest co-operation, to seek to induce 
the dissatisfied to accept the resolution of Classis, and E,ev. Bohm, 
as their lawful pastor. We have also proposed that Revs. Weiss 
and Bohm should exchange pulpits, that the foiTaer might the 
better be enabled to quiet excited feelings; and the congrega- 
tions, being convinced of the friendship of the pastors, might 
be moved to similar unanimity. R^v. Weiss having consented to 
this, we have proposed the same to the Rev. Bohm. 

We have favored the object of Rev. Weiss as far as we could. 
His undertaking has been by no means fruitless. He has not 
only received gifts from the Synod of Xorth Holland, but mil 
also receive them from that of !N^orth Holland, which has adopted 
the church of Philadelphia, as recommended. The Consistory 
and Diaconate of Amsterdam have also done their part. He has 
even received permission from the Burgomasters of Amsterdam, 
to collect funds in the city at large. We have certainly shown 
ourselves willing to help the churches of Pennsylvania with both 
counsels and deeds. We trust this vdll be a blessed means, among 
other tilings, to convince the churches of Pennsylvania of our 
enthusiasm in their behalf, and move them to peace and concord. 
We will be very happy, as well as heartily thankful, to understand 
that all breaches are healed, and the churches united. 

May the King of Zion make the church of your locality and 
the neighboring regions, as well as ours, to blossom as the rose. 
May He bestow upon her the glory of Lebanon, and the beauty 
of Carmel and Sharon. May He enable us to behold the beauty 
of the Lord and the glory of our God. May the All-sufiicient 
One bestow upon you abundantly an overflowing measure of his 
Spirit, and spare you long as blessed instruments in his hands to 
build up Zion's fallen walls, and to strengthen them. May He 
also crown your families, as well as his churches, with his gracious 
blessing, and at last give you the reward belonging to the faithful. 



2532 Ecclesiastical E.ecords 

Such, are our sincere wishes, as we subscribe ourselves, with 

The Classis of Amsterdam, 
In the name of all, 

Peter Elzevir, Ecc. Amst. Dep. ad res Ex- 

teras, h. t. Praeses. 
John Yischer, Ecc. Amst. Dep. ad res Ex- 
teras, h. t. Scriba. 

December 1730. 

P. S. Worthy Sirs : — Classis has resolved, in token of their 
appreciation of the trouble taken in the maintenance of our 
wholesome correspondence, and to enable you to have more light 
on cases as they occur, to send you a copy of the Minutes of the 
Synod of North Holland. These are for your personal use, and 
that of your churches in America, and others with whom you 
correspond. If this is not disagreeable to you, we will continue 
to do the same. 

We wish we were able now to treat with you about the affair 
at Earetans; but the matter seems of such weight to Classis that 
it seems advisable to delay the final decision until all the facts 
have been duly examined and pondered. 

The request of those who were excommunicated, but who have 
united with the church of Milstone, (now Harlingen), that they 
might have a pastor of their own, is of course, known to you. 
Bnt the Rev. Classis must deliberate further, and will inform 
you of their decision in due time. The request of the people of 
Poughkeepsie and Yishldll is granted, and will be satisfied as 
soon as possible. Yalete ! 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2533 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of Pokeepsie and 
Fishkillj December 1730. xxix. 67. 

To the Elders and Deacons in the churches of Pokeepsie and 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren: — 

Your letter of April 13th 1730 came duly to hand. We per- 
ceived therefrom with joy your unity, as well as your pious desire 
to be edified by the services of an orthodox pastor and teacher; 
that you might be built up in the knowledge of the truth which 
is according to godliness. To this end you have made a request 
of some of the brethren, members of this Classis, and have au- 
thorized them to make out a call in your behalf. 

Brethren it rejoices our souls to observe among you a hun- 
gering and thirsting after the words of righteousness, with a 
desire to found new churches, and encourage them. You give us 
ground to hope that these new enterprises may, in time, greatly 
increase, under the blessing of God. It is impossible for us not 
to favor all such endeavors to the utmost of our power. 

According to your proposal, with your solemn promise ever 
and only to address yourselves to the Eev. Classis of Amsterdam, 
as said in your letters of authorization, as well as in your letters 
to Classis, the Classis at once declared itself willing to grant the 
request of the gentlemen authorized to make out a call for hand- 
opening. (?) These gentlemen will not fail, as quickly as pos- 
sible, to fulfill your desires. 

We earnestly pray that the All sufficient one may bless your 

godly endeavors, and cause your congregation abundantly to 

flourish, not only in professors, but in those who will truly obey 

his word. May He fill you with the spirit of wisdom, of love 




2534 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

and of the fear of his name, making you steadfast, and abound- 
ing in the work of the Lord. 

We remain, "Worthy Sirs and Brethren, 
Your Obedient Seryants and Friends, 

The Members of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
In the name of all, 

Peter Elze^der, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. CI. ad res 

exteras, h. t. Praeses. 
John Yischer, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. CI. ad res 

exteras, h. t. Scriba . 

December 1730 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Haagoort Commended for the Foreign Churches, (ad 
ecclesias exteras.) 

1731, Jan. 9th. Pev. Gerardus Haagoort_, S. S. Ministerii 
Candidatus handed in the required ecclesiastical and Classical cer- 
tificates, and requested to be accepted as " Commendatus " for the 
churches at home and in foreign lands. This was accorded to him 

after preaching a sermon on Ps. 117: and signing the 

Formulae of Concord, xi. 34. 


1731, Jan. 9th. The Pev. Deputati ad res Exteras said that 
hitherto they had not yet had an opportunity of accomplishing 
anything in the Paritan affair; therefore this case remained recom- 
mended to them. xi. 35. 

Petition for Aid to Erect a Church at Fish Creek (Fish- 
kill) Dutchess Co. (1731.) 

To His Excellency John Montgomerie, Esq., Captain Generall and Governor in 
Chief in and over his Majesties Provinces of New York and New Jersey and the 
Territories depending thereon in America and Vice Admirall of the same etc. 

The Humble Petition of Peter Du Bois and Abraham Musy Elders and Abraham 
Blinkerhof and Hendrick Phillip Deacons of the Dutch Reformed Protestant Church 
of the Fish Creek In Dutchess County in the Province of New York in the behalf 
of themselves and the Rest of the members of the said Church. 

OF THE State of ]^ew Yoek. 2535 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That the members of the said Congregation being in daily expectation of a 
minister from Holland to preach the Gospel amongst them according to the Can- 
nons Rules and Discipline of the Reformed Protestant Churches of the United 
Netherlands and therefore have agreed amongst themselves to erect and build a 
Convenient Church for the publick worship of God nigh the said Fish Creek in the 
County aforesaid but finding that the said building veill be very chargeable and 
therefore as in the like cases has been Practised and is usuall in this Province 
they would desire the aid help and assistance of all Charitable and well disposed 
Christians within this Province for the Compleating of the said building. 

They therefore most humbly pray for your Excellency's Lycence to be granted 
to the said Elders and Deacons of the said Protestant Congregacon to collect 
gather and Receive the benevolence and free gifts of all such Inhabitants of this 
Province as shall be willing to contribute somewhat towards the erecting and 
building such Church as aforesaid for the Publick service of Almighty God and 
that only for such a time as your Excellency will be pleased to grant the said 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever Pray etc. 

In the behalf of the Elders and Deacons and other the members of said 
Congregacon. _ _ . 

Peter Du Bois. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 589. 

Society for Propagating the Gospel. 

Feb. 19, 1731. Vol. v. p. 285, § 18. 

A letter from Mr. Ehlig minister among the Palatines in New York to the Lord 
Bishop of London dated loth of June 1730 was laid before the Board and referred 
to the Committee. 

March 19, 1731. Vol. v. p. 290. § 6. 

Also that they had taken into consideration a letter to the Lord Bishop of 
London from the Rev. Mr. Ehlig dated Schoharie June 15, 1730 acquainting that 
he oflaciated among the Palatines at Schoharie and sometimes visits two settle- 
ments of Palatines at the River Makiaassex, and a place called Vhall and setting 
forth that the people are very poor and have not been able to contribute quite 30 
pounds a year of that country money toward his support; that he had a wife and 
three children and has been forced by mere necessity to contract some debts and 
most humbly praying the Lord Bishop of London to lay this case before the Society 
for their consideration for the obtaining for him some annual salary or other assist- 
ance. Whereupon the Committee do move the Society to make him a gratuity of 
20 pounds in consideration of his past services, and his present very strait circum- 
stances. Agreed by the Society that twenty pounds be given to Mr. Ehlig pur- 
suant to the motion from the Committee. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Cornelius Van Schie 

^^ ComniendatiTS ad res Exteras '\ 

1731, April 2nd. Cornelius Van Schie, S. S. Ministerii Can- 

didatus, was received as " Commendatus ad ecclesias Exteras ", 

after he had exhibited proper certificates, signed the Formulae, 

and preached a sermon on 1 John 1:9," If we confess our sins, 

etc.'' xi. 37. 

Call of Rev. Ilagoort, and his qualification as Minister at Friholt 
and Middletown^ in the Navesinks (E"auwesinks) in ^ew 
Eevs. van de Wal, Vos, Beels, and Reitsma showed that they 



2536 Ecclesiastical Records 

were commissioned by the cliiircli of Freehold and Middletown, 
in the ^N'avesinks, in Xew Jersey to call a preacher for the service 
of that congregation, (namely), the candidate Gerrit Haagoort, 
and requested that the same may be examined and ordained this 
day. Rev. Haagoort having been brought within, declared that 
he accepted this call in the fear of the Lord. He preached a short 
sermon on Mark 11: 34, (12: 34?) and was then admitted to the 
final examination. Therewith the Assembly was satisfied, and 
he was ordained to the service of the church to which he had 
been called, with the laying on of hands. He had previously 
signed the Formulae of Concord, repudiated the condemned opin- 
ions of Roell and Bekker, agreed to read the Formidae of Baptism 
and the Lord's Supper without alteration, to correspond with the 
Classis, and to send a report of the state of his church as soon as 
possible after his arrival, xi. 37. 


The Deputies on the affairs at Raritan brought in as their re- 
port, (pre-advice) : 

1. That those pei*sons who had been excommunicated there, 
and had since conducted themselves according to the injunction 
of the Classis, but who had not been able to secure release from 
the said excommunication imposed by Rev. Friedlinghuysen, 
should now be released therefrom by us here, on our part. 

2. And that the Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras ought to be 
requested to procure further information by means of letters, 
on several matters, regarding the condition of those churches. 

3. And that the ministers who hereafter shall be sent to the 
churches of Xew Xetherland, shall be obligated to report as soon 
as possible after their arrival the condition of their churches. 
This report (pre-advice) was changed into a Classical resolution 
and the Committee were thanked for their trouble, xi. 38. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 2537 

Dutch Church of !N^ew Yoek. 

Rules about Pews. 

New York, April 14, 1731. 
Consistory held, after calling on God's name. 

1. It was considered, whether it would not be proper, when, in the course of 
time, a seat becomes vacant by death, in any pew in the New Church which was 
bought for a family, to put a price upon the same, as is done in the Old Church. 
And inasmuch as the pews in the New Church, now, at first, bring good prices, it 
was unanimously Resolved, That hereafter, in case a vacant seat in a pew in the 
New Church, occurs by a death or removal, or otherwise, no more shall be paid 
for it by a now purchaser, than it is customary for the Church Masters to demand, 
in similar cases, in the Old Church; and a list thereof shall be kept in the Church 
Masters' Book of the New Church, 

2. In the buying of a vacant seat, the right of inheritance, as heretofore made 
in the Old Church, shall be adhered to. 

3. In case there be no heir to whom by this right a vacant seat would come, the 
family to which the pew belongs, shall allot it to whomsoever they choose, pro- 
vided it be, if possible, a member of the congregation. 

4. Within six months after a seat becomes vacant, it must be sold and paid for; 
otherwise, it falls to the Church Masters, who shall sell it according to the rules 
of the Old Church. 

5. To avoid the disputes as to who has the right to dispose of a vacancy in a 
pew belonging to one family, it is here declared to be the Head thereof, whether 
Father or Mother. But if the pew belong to different persons, not of the same 
family, the Head of the relations of the deceased owner of the vacant place, shall 
dispose of it, according to Articles two and three, above. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters to Archangel, Curacoa, Karitan, and Milstone, (now 


1Y31, May 7th. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras read many 
letters, drawn up by them in compliance with resolution of Classis 
as follows: one to Rev. Heidegger, minister at Archangel; one 
to Rev. Rasvelt, minister on Curacoa, in reply to a letter written 
by him informing us about the condition of the church there ; one 
to the representatives of the complaining members at Raritan; 
one to the consistory of the same place; and finally one to the 
authorized representatives of Milstone, (now Harlingen.) In 
all of these letters the Classis took pleasure, and requested the 
Deputati to despatch them at the earliest opportunity, xi. 41. 

Sending Synodical Acta to the Colonies. 

Inasmuch as, according to previous resolutions of Classis, " The 
Synodical Acta " are to be sent to the Cape (of Good Hope) and 
to 'New York; the Rev. Actuary, Houthoff, is authorized to pro- 



2538 Ecclesiastical Kecokds 

cure two copies * more than heretofore, at the expense of the 
Classis. xi. 41. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Raritan, May 7, 
* 1731. xxix. 60. 'No. 13. 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren : — 

Your letter, dated February 26, 1730, duly arrived. With 
sorrow and profound s;)Tnpathy we learn from it that it has 
pleased God, the Sovereign Ruler, to visit Rev. Friedlinghuyzen 
very severely; that he has been for a long time unable to per- 
form the duties of the holy ministry ; yet that he was, at your writ- 
ing, a little better; and hopes arise of his recovery. May the 
Lord, with whom all things are possible, conmiand that the re- 
covery be complete. 

You express your fear that the discontented brethren may take 
undue advantage of this, and boast that this misfortune of his, 
is their victory. We cannot tell whether your fear is well-founded 
or not. This would be not only improper, but greatly to our sor- 
row, if we should hear of such a thing ; but we will not anticipate 
it; and, as yet, we have no reason to imagine it of them. 

We confess that we are very sorry to learn that the alienations 
in your congregation have not yet been removed ; that reconcilia- 
tion and peace have not yet been restored, according to our kind 
counsels for peace. It greatly grieves us that all our attempts to 
this end have been fruitless. It does not plainly appear who is 
most to blame for this ; but we have reason to think that PEACE, 
the very glory of Christianity, has not been considered sufficiently 
precious on either side, nor sought for with all the heart. Dear 
Brethren, follow after peace. Let the well-being of the church, 

* These copies were always in manuscript, and new copies had to be transcribed 
for each field to which they were sent. Many duplicate copies of each year are 
now to be found in the Ecclesiastical Archives at Amsterdam and the Hague, as 
well as elsewhere. A complete set ought to be secured for New lork. 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2539 

which is its peace, enter your hearts, in true brotherly love. To 
this end, manifest all forbearance with one another, which is very 
necessary in the seeking for and the preservation of peace. We 
pray for this. We admonish you to this with all kindness of 
heart, as we have also admonished those whom you call " the dis- 

You are probably aware that these discontented ones have been 
cherishing an intention, and have made a proposal to the Rev. 
Classis, to unite with the people of Milston (Harlingen) to call 
a pastor and teacher, through certain members of our Classis, au- 
thorized by them for this object. Such are the sad results of di- 
visions and bitterness. But the Rev. Classis, hoping that recon- 
ciliation may yet be effected, through the influence of God's grace, 
has not been willing to consent to this proposal. For obvious rea- 
sons, it puts aside the proposition, especially anticipating the evil 
consequences which might result therefrom. 

The Classis has, however, carefully considered the desire of 
these discontented ones to be released from their excommunication, 
and to be readmitted to the enjoyment of the sacraments. We 
judge that it is time to receive them back again, since they show 
such a strong and persistent desire. They have also sought to fol- 
low the counsel of peace of the Rev. Classis, and have taken many 
steps to this end. These things induce the Classis to release them 
from excommunication, in the expectation that you will thus con- 
sider them, and that you will re-admit them to the use of the 

The Rev. Classis has learned with sorrow that you assume many 
liberties in your church in regard to Church Discipline, the Lit- 
urgy, and the Administration of the Sacraments. It is said that 
you depart from the E'etherlands Church-Order; that you have 
even received an English dissenter, as a Secundus to Rev. Frie- 
linghuyzen, and have permitted him to carry on the services ac- 
cording to his manner. This does not agree with Dutch Church- 
Order, and is contrary to your obligations, to the adopted For- 



2540 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

mulas of Unity, as well as to your special duties. But the Rev. 
Classis requests further information from you as to this matter; 
whether it is as reported, or what has given occasion to the re- 
port. Such circumstances make the Classis fearful of a decline 
in the Church; which may God forbid. Therefore we not only 
request you, but we counsel and admonish you, yea, we beseech 
you in all love, and most earnestly, to place things back on their 
old basis, and to allow yourselves to be governed in all things ac- 
cording to the received Dutch Church-Order. This is for the 
edification of the congregation, the love of peace for Zion, and her 
welfare. You own sense of duty should incite you to this. 

Eurther brethren, let all uncharitableness and bitterness be 
put far from you, and show yourselves examples of charity and 
peace. May the All-sufficient God influence you thereto by his 
Spirit, and pour out upon you, and your families, and services, 
all grace and blessedness. We are, and shall always try to show 
that we are, 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren, 

Your servants to command, and brethren seeking your wel- 
fare, The Classis of Amsterdam. In the name of all, 

John Theodore Vischer, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. 

ad res exteras, h. t. Praeses. 
J. !N'oordbeek, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. ad res 
exteras, h. t. Scriba. 
May 7, 1731. 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Complainants against Erelinghuy- 
sen. May 7, 1731. xxix. 71. Iv^o. 14. 

To the Complainants in the Church of Raretans : 

Worthy and dear Brethren : — 

Your letter of April 6th, 1730, we have received. In this you 
make reply to two letters which the Classis had written to you. 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2541 


We notice therein an account of what took place in connection 
with the closing, re-opening and re-occupancy of the church, in 
which the congregation was accustomed to assemble. The circum- 
stances are distressing, showing that there is a good deal of bitter- 
ness of feeling. This grieves us. We find also in your letter an 
apology for our complaint, that you did not accord to the Classis 
the title of Competent Judge. You aver that you never intended 
to say or do anything in opposition to our High Classical Rights. 
In this declaration the Classis is satisfied and rests, as she cannot 
doubt the truth of your assertion; especially since, in the sequel 
you give frank assurances of your reverence for, and submission 
to the Classis. 

We rejoice that you were willing to take the advice of Classis 
towards reconciliation and peace; but we learned to our sorrow, 
that the efforts for the restoration of peace were fruitless. You 
assert that the peace of God's Church rests on your hearts, and 
that it is very grievous to you to be cast out of the communion of 
the church, and to be deprived of the use of the sacraments. Your 
declaration pleases us ; but we would have been still more pleased 
if our loving counsel to you, to be reconciled with the Eev. Freling- 
huysen and his Consistory, had been actually accomplished. Then 
it would have been perfectly evident to us that peace and love 
dwelt in your hearts. We do not wish to deny that we have gladly 
seen, from the five documents sent to us, that you have done your 
part in seeking the restoration of peace with Rev. Frelinghuysen ; 
yet it seems to us the reconciliation could have been effected, if it 
had been sought with all the heart ; and if you, in one thing and 
another, had been more yielding; for such conduct is absolutely 
demanded in seeking peace. At any rate, we learned to our sor- 
row that negotiations were broken off, and that there is little hope 
of success, while Rev. Frelinghuysen is visited so heavily by God's 
hand; for he is not now in a condition to treat with you in this 

You also inform us that you cannot join yourselves to the 


2542 Ecclesiastical Records 

Clmrcli and Consistory of Rev. Frelinghuysen, because they dis- 
regard the Discipline, Liturgy and pure Administration of the 
Sacraments of the Dutch Church; and have allowed an English 
dissenter to officiate in the services. We must confess that such 
conduct seems odd to us, and that it is neither consistent with the 
received Church-Order, nor with the first establishment of the 
Church among you. We disapprove of this action of admitting 
an English dissenter to the pulpit, to the neglect of Dutch Church- 
Order, and the pure administration of the Sacraments according 
to the institution of Christ ; and we trust that such conduct may 
be corrected, l^evertheless, we heartily wish that the reconcilia- 
tion and peace had been effected; not that you should consent to 
error, and become Puritans ; but that you should help to remedy, 
by gentle measures, any errors which have crept in, and so pre- 
vent the decline of the Church. Thus wovild you have shown 
your love for truth and peace. Have you not said, brethren, that 
you desired reconciliation and peace with the Rev. Frelinghuy- 
sen? How then can you deliberately throw away every hope of 
Tinity, by saying you cannot again join with his congregation and 
Consistory ? 

Meanwhile Classis has maturely considered your earnest desire 
to be released from your excommunication, and to be re-admitted 
to the enjoyment of the sacraments ; as well as your position, in 
connection with the people of Milston, (Harlingen), to call a 
pastor and teacher, by authorizing certain members of our Classis 
to do this, provided the Classis will assist and assent to such a 
call. You also promise subordination to the Classis in your letter 
of authorization. This plan is truly, brethren, a matter of great 
importance, and it affects Classis with anxiety and fear. 

Our Rev. Assembly has pondered all these things in the fear of 
the Lord. Upon the supposition that your desires are sincere, 
that you are hungering and thirsting after the word of righteous- 
ness, and long for a renewed participation of the sacraments ; the 
Classis has resolved to release you from your excommunication. 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2543 


by annulling it. This will admit you again to tlie use of the signs 
and seals of the Covenant, according to your longings ; and because 
you were willing, according to our advice, to make the effort for 
reconciliation and peace. Concerning this we w^ill also write to 
Kev. Frielinghuysen and his Consistory. But we beseech you, 
and advise you most earnestly, to make no evil use of this circum- 
stance. Do not boast about it, thereby taunting and embittering 
others. Such conduct would be very grievous to us, and followed 
by evil consequences ; and destroy all hopes of peace. May the 
Lord himself guide you according to his Covenant ways, enabling 
you to partake, as true children of the Covenant, of its signs and 
seals, seeking after peace, and showing love for the brethren. 

Regarding your proposal to call another pastor, through cer- 
tain authorized persons, in conjunction with others, especially the 
people of Milston, (Harlingen), and that Classis assist you thereto, 
we answer: Our Rev. Assembly has not seen its way to approve 
and consent to this proposal, for very obvious reasons, which you 
will readily comprehend. You already belong to a particular 
church, from which you have been excluded, as you know, and 
with w^hich reconciliation and peace have not yet been made. 
Consider, brethren, what dangerous consequences would ensue, if 
you were permitted, under such circumstances, to call a separate 
minister. Would not such a precedent originate many sad and 
distressing divisions? Would not others separate themselves im- 
mediately, as soon as some dissatisfaction was imagined, and set 
up a new church w^ith a new pastor ? However much we might 
be inclined to grant your desire, this danger compels Classis not 
to consent to your request. 

We request, however, some further information. Will you 
plainly tell us how the matter stands with reference to that dis- 
senting ministry? Did he preach in English or in Dutch? In 
what particulars were the Dutch Church-Order, the Liturgy, and 
the pure Administration of the Sacraments departed from ? The 
Classis may further deliberate on this business when it has more 


2544 Ecclesiastical E-ecoeds 

light. We also request you to inform the people of Milston (Har- 
lingen) of this our resolution. 

Trusting you will do this, we commend you to God and the 
Word of His Grace. May the God of Love and Peace and Con- 
solation, guide YOU in all vour ways, and command upon you and 
yours, his blessing, even Life forcYcrmore. 
We declare ourselves to be etc., etc. 

John Theodore Yischer, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. 
ad res Exteras Praeses. 

J. Xoordbeek, Scriba. 

May, 7, 1731. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the [Seceded] Consistories of Mils- 
ton, (now Harlingen), Old E.aretans, i^orth Branch (Reading- 
ton) and Three Mile Run: (^N^oortbrens en Drie myl Run:) 
May 7, 1731. xxix. 75. Xo. 15. 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren : — 

We have learned from your letter of April 3rd 1730, written 
from 'Ne^v York, of yom* associating together, and your desire to 
be provided with a pastor and teacher, through certain minis- 
ters in Amsterdam, thereto authorized by you. You have ad- 
dressed yourselves also to the Classis of Amsterdam on this same 
matter^ with assurances of subordination to our Classis. You 
say that all that is promised in your letter of authorization Y'ill be 
surely perfomied; and that no change will be made without the 
approbation of the Classis. This being a matter of much im- 
portance, the Classis has carefully pondered it. And although 
we would gladly gratify your desire in this business, yet we can- 
not at present approve of it for very obvious reasons, among Y'hich 
are these : — Such a precedent might originate other sad divisions 
elsewhere. We have also written the same to the Complainants 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 2545 


at Haretans, witli the request to communicate to you the action of 
Classis. We have also requested them to give us further informa- 
tion on certain matters. When we have more light we shall take 
the matter into further consideration. May the All-sufficient God 
fill you with all grace; unite your hearts in mutual love; pour 
out on your persons, your families and your services all grace and 
blessedness. We are and shall remain, Worthy Sirs and Brethren, 
Your Reverences' Brethren, seeking your welfare, 
The Classis of Amsterdam; 
In the name of all, 

Johan Diedrik Yisscher, 

Ecc. Amst. et Dep. CI. ad res Exteras, 
h. t. Praeses. 
J. ^NToordbeek, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. CI. ad 
res Exteras, h. t. Scriba. 

May 7, 1731. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Messrs. Knibbe and Wilhelm to the Church of ^N'orth and South 
Hampton, Pa. May 29, 1731. [Masius finally refused to 
come; but Dorsius came. Letter apparently lost, although 
editor has seen it.] 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 

Call of Cornelius van Schie. 

1731, June 4th. The Messrs. van de Wal, Hagelis, Beels, and 
Reytsma, authorized by the church of Poughkeepsie and Fishkill 
to make out a call, did bring out a call, after obtaining permission 
from the Classis, upon Cornelius van Schie, a candidate at Leyden. 
He was brought within the room, and asked if he accepted that 
call. He declared that he accepted the same in the fear of the 
Lord, and was ready for immediate examination. This was 
granted him. xi. 43. 


2546 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

Examination of Cornelius van Scliie. 

Cornelius van Scliie, a candidate, of Leyden, having been called 
as minister to Poughkeepsie and Eishkill, preached a short ser- 
mon, in the presence of Dr. Deputatus Synodi Visscher, on a 
text given by the Examiner. He was then admitted to the final 
examination. He so well satisfied the Assembly by his ready and 
fitting answers, that they admitted him to the Sacred Ministry. 
He was ordained thereto by the Examiner, by the laying on of 
hands. He had previously repudiated the condemned opinion of 
Dr. Bekker and Prof. Roel ; signed the Formulae of Concord, and 
agreed to read the Forms of Baptism and of the Lord's Supper, 
without alteration; also to correspond with the Classis, and to 
make a report on the condition of his church immediately after 
his arrival. 

'No Quantur or gravamen has come in from any churches. At 
the next Classis Eev. van Heemstede must preside ex ordine. 
xi. 44. 4 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Certain Ministers in Amsterdam to the Consistories of Pough- 
keepsie and Eishkill, June 7, 1Y31. 

Eev. Sirs and Brethren, constituting the Eev. Consistories of 
Poughkeepsie and the Viskil : — 
In accordance with the power of Attorney forwarded to us last 
year, for our obtaining for your congregations a competent and 
godly minister, we proceeded to act without delay, and have se- 
lected for that office the Eev., godly and learned Mr. Cornelius 
Van Schie. He accepted of your call in the fear of the Lord, 
and thereupon was examined at a meeting of the Classis, held at 
Amsterdam, June 4th, and gave great satisfaction. On the same 
day he was ordained unto the Holy Ministry and installed over 
your congregations. We trust that you and your churches may 
find him a suitable, faithful and upright pastor and teacher, and 
one who will in all respects feed the fiock of God. 

OF THE State of 'Nbw York. 2547 

We pray that the Lord may bring his Reverence safely to you, 

with all the fulness of the blessings of the Gospel, and. that through 

his ministry many souls may be wrested from the Kingdom of 

Satan and become united with our Lord Christ; and that by his 

means the saints may grow in grace and in the knowledge of our 

Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. We commend his Reverence and 

all of you, to God and the Word of His Grace, which is able to 

build you up and to give you an inheritance among all them who 

are sanctified. 

Reverend Sirs and Brethren, 

Your well-wishing Brethren, 

H. Van de Wall. 

John Hagelis. 

Leonard Beels. 

Tiberius Reytsma. 

June 7, 1731. 

Rev. Me. Poyer to the Secretary of Society for Propagat- 
ing THE Gospel. 

Jamaica, June IGtU, 1731. 

Rev. Sir: — By this opportunity, I beg leave humbly to represent to my Honorable 
Patrons, the Venerable Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, that 
I have been their Missionary here twenty one years, & may without incurring the 
imputation of boasting say that my diligence in the discharge of my functions has 
been little inferior to any; I pray God to give a blessing to the seed sown; but so 
it is that, besides the great and almost continual contentions that I have struggled 
withal amongst the Independents in this Parish, having had several law suits with 
them before I could have the Salary which the Country has settled upon the 
Minister of the Church of England; several other law suits for some Glebe lands 
which we have lost; and at last even the Church itself, of which we had the pos- 
session twenty five years is talien from us by a trial at law, (with what justice I 
can't pretend to say); tho' I say I have endeavored as patiently as I could to bear 
up under all these trials, besides the loss of two Wives & Several children, yet the 
infirmities of old age bear very hard upon me, insomuch that I find myself almost 
unable to ofl3ciate at the three towns of Jamaica, Newtown and Flushing as I have 
hitherto done, and which is absolutely necessary for the minister of the Parish 
to do. 

The intent of these are therefore to beg that my distressed state and condition 
may be laid before the Venerable Society, and that they will be pleased to permit 
me to quit my Mission and to return to Great Britain, as being for the reasons 
aforegiven not capable of bearing such fatigues, and discharging my duty, as I 
have done for so many years in this place. I humbly beg of my most honored 
patrons to consider my case & circumstances & I remain etc. 

Thos. Poyer. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 189. 



2548 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

JuN-E 28, 1731. Rev. Colgan's Applicatioi^ to be Sent to 
Episcopal Church of Jamaica, L. I. 

" The Rer. Mr. Colgan acquainted this Board, that he had been informed there 
would be a vacancy in the parish of Jamaica, Long Island, and that he intended to 
apply to the Society for leave to remove there; and also presented to the Vestry a 
Certificate or Testimonial of his Behavior, which was read in the words following 
to Witt: We the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestry of Trinity Church in New 
York, being acquainted with Rev. Mr. Colgan, that he designed to apply to the 
Honorable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign parts, for a re- 
moval from the Mission he now supplys in this city to one in the country; think 
ourselves on this occasion obliged to do his Character that justice as to say, for 
the time he hath lived among us, which is near five years, he has behaved himself 
in all respects as become a minister of the Gospel of Christ; in his Life and Con- 
versation being grave and sober, and exemplary in the discharge of the duties of 
his holy function, faithful, diligent and industrious; which we hope will recommend 
him to the favor and esteem of others, and especially to the Honorable Society 
before mentioned ".— Records of Trinity Church, i. 160. Dix's Hist. 1. 208. 

EIP VA:N' dam, ACTI:N^G-G0VERX0R, July 30, 1731-1732. 
[Governor Jokn. Montgomerie, died June 30, 1731.] 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Peter Van Driessen to the Classis of Amsterdam, July 

2, 1731. 

Portfolio " IS^ew York '% Vol. i. 

Albany, July 2, 1731. 
To the Messrs. Paulus Steenwinkel, Johannes Yander Hagen and 
Gerardus Puppius Houdius: 

Yevy Reverend and Prudent Sirs: — 

With all deference I take the liberty to give you an account 
of my labors in the Gospel, having spent twenty years now in 
instructing the Indians (besides laboring in my charge at Al- 
bany.) Two of my predecessors^ Revs. Godfridus Dellius and 
Johannes Lydius, both now deceased, also labored in their behalf, 
and made a good beginning. The tribe which, at my an-ival, fur- 
nished the material for the great number of converts, has now 
been altogether Christianized for these thirteen years, (or since 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 2549 


1Y18.) But as a second tribe^ living but a few days journey fur- 
ther on, cast their eyes upon this first tribe, being accustomed to 
visit them at their castles in order to hear the news from Albany; 
the tribe first alluded to, would at such times tell them how I 
instructed them in the Catechism, and how they joined ^ us 
in the celebration of the Lord's Supper. At first, indeed, the most 
of them only scoffed and ridiculed them; but afterwards, as they 
continued to visit them from time to time, they began to express 
their wonder and astonishment, and came occasionally, in com- 
pany with the others, to listen to our teaching, and to witness the 
celebration of the Lord's Supper. At last the Spirit of Christ 
wrought upon them with such power and with such results^ that 
now and for some years past, two thirds of that more distant tribe, 
have enlisted under the banner of Christianity; and the number 
of the converts is still increasing. The fact that Albany is the 
place of Conference for all the governments on this continent of 
America, where the several Governors in the ]N'ame of the King, 
make treaties with the Indians, and from time to time, renew 
them or confirm them, is a gTcat means of promoting the Gospel 
among them. 

On the arrival here I was advised to apply to the Rev. Society, 
(" The Society for Propagating the GosjdcI in Foreign Parts ", of 
London, founded in 1702), for the same amount of salary which 
my predecessors had received; for the trouble and expense of a 
house often filled with such people (as these Lndians), were very- 
great; and the times of their coming became more frequent. 
However^ being then favored with a good salary by my own con- 
gregation, (of Albany), and having at that time no family, and 
not anticipating the consequences, I only thanked them for their 
kindness, but declined the suggestion. I did this especially that 
I might remain independent in my rights as a Dutch Minister, 
(by not bringing himself under obligations to that English 

Their Excellencies, Robert Hunter and William Burnet, suc- 
cessively becoming acquainted with my services and the expense 
involved, oifered personally to recommend me to the said Society, 


2550 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

but this I always declined. The present Governor, (John) Mont- 
gonierie, cherishing the same kindness, very generously approved 
the proposition, made by certain proselytes on the 23rd of May 
last, (1730), requesting from his Excellency, his Majesty's Let- 
ters Patent; as they desired to make me a present of some acres 
of land for a country house. When they came back they in- 
formed me of what they had done. They also requested me to 
build a church near each of their castles, and visit these places 
from time to time, and administer the Holy Service. This they 
wanted, because the aged and infirm (Indians) could not come 
any longer to Albany; although before, these same had repeatedly 
appeared there on crutches, in order to enjoy the religious 

!N'ow the discretion of your Rev. Body will readily understand, 
that I ought not any longer, alone^ to bear all these expenses out 
of my own means. My family is now large, and the expense of 
living is here very great. It is not becoming to the true spirit 
of Christianity that I should bear them alone. I have already 
labored here, out of love, for more than twenty years, and I hope 
by God's favor to continue here all the rest of my life. But this 
matter of expenses has now become one of earnest consideration 
to me. 

I would have written directly to the Deputies on Foreign Af- 
fairs, but I have not the honor to know the names of those now 
in office. I therefore respectfully request your Reverences to 
recommend these suggestions to the wisdom and kindness of the 
Very Learned and Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. I send here^vith 
my little Catechetical book upon the first twenty two Lord's Days 
of the Heidelberg Catechism. I hope it may meet with your kind 

May the Lord cro^\'n your persons, services and families with 
all the blessings of his grace. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant in Christ, 

Petrus Van Driessen. 

July, 2, 1Y31. 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2551 

Acts of the Sjnod of Xorth Holland July 31-Aug. 9, 1731. 

Art. 33. Classical Changes. 

Classis of Amsterdam, Rev. Gerrit Hagoord, [Haegoort] 
Minister sent to Freehold and Middletown in Xew X'etherland, 
Ordained April 2; and Eev. Joh. Guilhelmns Keslins, ordained 
and gone as minister to Surinam. Rev. Cor. Van Schie called to 
]^ew Xetherland. (Ponghkeepsie). 

1731, Aug.-Xov. — Great Epidemic in Xew York. 
Dutch Chukch of Xew Yoek. 

August 12, 1731. 
Consistory held, after calling on God's name. 

1. It was Resolved, That as domine Du Bois, according to the 
order of Consistory, has for some time past, on account of domine 
Boel's indisposition^ preached on Sunday morning in the one 
church, and in the afternoon in the other; therefore now, since 
the recovery of domine Boel, each minister shall preach morning 
and afternoon, in the same church in which his turn shall be, 
according to the order pursued from the beginning, until domine 
Boel became sick. 

2. That the bells of both the churches on Sunday forenoon and 
afternoon, shall ring together, at the first, second and third ring- 
ing; that is the last morning ringing shall be precisely half -past 
ten, and the last afternoon ringing at precisely half -past three. 

3. That for this time, no invitation to the Lord's Supper shall 

be made at the house. 

G. Du Bois, Loco Praeses. 

Do. Boel not being present because 

still somewhat indisposed. 

Dutch Chukch of Xew Yokk. 

IsTew York, Sept. 1, 1731. 
Consistory held^ after calling on God's name. 
1. It was unanimously Resolved, That a written request be 



2552 Ecclesiastical Records 

presented to Mr. Rip Van Dam, president, for an amendment to 
our CHARTER, after it shall be shown what defects it now has, 
and what further privileges the present state of the Church 

2. Domine Du Bois and domine Boel, with Messrs. J. Kruger 
and H. Vander Spiegel are appointed on this matter, with author- 
ity to consult with Mr. Alexander as counsel and such other per- 
sons in or out of the Consistorv as they may see fit. 

3. That they infonn the Consistory, at convenient times, of 
theii' doings so far as may be necessary, and especially to report 
the request in writing, so that it may be made to express their 
exact meaning. 

4. These ministers and elders are hereby fully empowered for 
this business, and all that belongs to its execution. 

G. DuBois, p. t. Praeses. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Peter Van Driessen to Mauritius Gromme, Sept. 12, 1731. 

Portfolio " Xew York ", Vol. i. 


Rev. Pious and Highly Learned, Mr. Mauritius Gromme, Faithful Minister of 
the Holy Gospel at The Hague: 

Per Address Henry and Jacob Van Eibergen, by whom there is opportunity to 
send reply in 14/d. 

Albany, Sept. 12, 1731. 

Mr. Mauritius Gromme, Highly Rev. Sir: — With all submission I take the liberty 
to declare to you my position in the Gospel. Two of my predecessors, The Revs. 
Godfrey Dellius and John Lydius, having made converts among the neighboring 
heathen nation, (tribe of Mohawk Indians), they requested me on my arrival in 
the year 1712, to continue the exercises of instructing them in the principles of the 
Christian faith. This duty I accepted with pleasure. And by God's pitying grace, 
the blessed results were such, that in a few years that entire nation (tribe) was 
incorporated in the Kingdom of Christ (lit. in our Christendom). They were then 
made by God's all-directing hand, the instrumentality by which a second chief 
nation, (another tribe of The Five Nations), located a few (Dutch) miles farther 
up the country (farther west on the Mohawk) has also, in the main, submitted 
themselves to the obedience of the faith, to the Lord of Salvation, even Christ. 

Now for these my laborious and precious (or expensive) services, poor though they 
have been, but voluntary, their Excellencies, the Governors, Robert Hunter, 
(1710-19), William Burnet, (1720-28) and John Montgomery, (1728-31) have oflfered, 
from time to time, to recommend me to the Right Rev, Bishop of London, but I 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2553 

politely declined the offer. And although the Sachems of these two nations in 
May last, (1731), in the presence of the English preacher here, ( ) at the 

renewal of their treaty with our Crown, declared their zeal and affection toward 
me; and requested in my behalf, from his Excellency, John Montgomery, the King's 
Patent for a few acres of land, which they had bestowed upon me for a place of 
recuperation: yet, at the same time, they asked me to build for them a church at 
each station, and to come there, and myself preach to them. 

In considering this matter, and remembering that I have already served them 
gratuitously for a long time, and am even now compelled to incur heavy expenses 
above my ability, therefore I do, by these presence, request your assistance therein; 
that you would induce the High Rev. Classis of the Hague, by your recommenda- 
tion, to bestow some support thereto, and to place such funds in the hands of Mr. 
Peter de Wolf, merchant at Amsterdam, for this object. 

After wishing every blessing for soul and body, upon yourself and family, as well 
as for your office, I remain. 

Very Reverend Sir, 

Your servant, 

Peter Tan Driessen. 

P. S. My location contributes not a little to this my success in the Gospel; 
inasmuch as it is the rendez-vous not only of your Governors, but also of all those 
on the whole continent of North America, who desire to hold Conference with the 
Heathen Nations, (The Five Indians of Central New York.) Perhaps there will be 
found some private individuals, (particuliere) who will not be uninclined to help 
in the spreading of the Light of Zion in that thick darkness. On every occasion 
those two nations come to our Communion, accompanied with a multitude of 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

The Complainants to Eev. T. J. Frelinghujsen, etc., 
September 18, 1731. 

Enclosure A; with the Letter of the Consistory of Raritan, to 
the Classis of Amsterdam. 

(Port-folio " Xew York ", Vol. i.) 

To Theodore Jacobus Frelinghuysen, Minister at Raritan, etc. These etc., etc., etc. 

Frelinghuysen: — Inasmuch as we have delivered the letter, written during the 
present year by the High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam and addressed to your Con- 
sistory, to them, and they, last month delivered the same to yourself: we, therefore, 
now take the liberty of informing you, that the High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 
per letter to us, dated May 8, 1731, makes a declaration in regard to the letters 
exchanged between you and us in the year 1729. They say that they perceive 
therefrom, with pleasure, that we had taken pains to restore the peace with you. 
Therefore they have released us from the Ban, and they do nullify the same. They 
express the wish that we, as true members of the Covenant, do use again the signs 
and seals of the Covenant of Grace. 

Furthermore, the Rev. Classis writes us, that they altogether disapprove of your 
Consistory departing from the Dutch Church-Order, by admitting an English dis- 
senter to the sacred ministry in the Raritan church; that this is not in harmony 
with the accepted Church-Order, nor with the first Constitution of the churches 
among us; and that this must be speedily remedied. Indeed the High Rev. Classis 


2554 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


in no wise desires that we sliould agree to tliese departures; but that we should 
aid, in the best manner possible to remedy the mistakes which have crept in, to 
the decline of the churches; and that we must thus show, that we with all our 
hearts love the truth, and remain in the love of the same, and that we love peace. 

In addition, the Rev. Classis also informs us that they have written to you and 
your Consistory about this. Unto this end we do now make this request of you, 
at their order: That, as soon as possible you and your Consistory, do completely 
submit yourselves to the decision of the Classis, which decision has now been more 
fully confirmed. We have before done this with all our heart, for the sake of 
peace; and we again profess the same by these presents. 

Hitherto we have waited in vain for your reply to our letter to you of June 10, 
1729. This letter has now been accepted by the Rev. Classis. Be pleased, there- 
fore, to let us have a brief written reply as to your determinations; for we shall 
write again at the first opportunity to the High Rev. Classis. We are, with 
determination to be subordinate to their High Reverences, unto the welfare of the 
church. Your willing, etc., 

Peter Dumont Henry Vroom 

Simon Wyckof Daniel Sebering. 

Raritan, Sept. 18, 1731. 

No. 23. Received Sept. 20, a. c. (Anno currente.) 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Correspondence from America. 

The Consistory of !N'avesink to Revs. Van de Wall, Vos^ Beels 
and Reitsma, September 28, 1731. Rotterdam. 

(Portfolio, Xew York, Vol. i.) 

Freehold, September 28, 1731. 

Rev. and our Miich-Esteemed and Beloved Sirs, Ministers of the 
Holy Gospel at Amsterdam, 

The Revs. Hannanus Van de Wall, Henry Yos, Leonard Beels, 
Tiberius Reitsma_, 

Dear Sirs: — We doubt not but that our well intended com- 
munication, expressing our respects and gratitude, will reach you 
safely. We, your humble servants, desire to inform you of the 
safe arrival of the minister whom you sent us. Gerardus Haeg- 
hoort, with his wife and his wife's mother, arrived in this country, 
all in good health. They landed in Xew York on July 24, (1731), 
and were kindly welcomed by Rev. Gualterus Du Bois, who 
showed them every token of friendship. The Lord be thanked 
for this great benefit and blessing, as well as for His faithfulness 
that He has so graciously preserved our minister and his agreeable 

OF THE State of New York. 2555 


wife and mother from the dangerous perils of the raging sea, and 
enabled them to reach these shores in good health. 

On the third of August^ just at sunrise, he landed at our place, 
where he belongs, and was received with much friendliness and 
joy by the brethren and sisters of the church, who were waiting 
for him on the shore. Since then he has well demeaned himself, 
as has also the juffvrouw (the Madam). She has, indeed, con- 
ducted herself in such a manner as to give the gTeatest satisfac- 
tion to all the brethren and sisters of our church. Our minister 
also, Gerardus Haagoord has given great satisfaction ever since 
his installation over our church as our regular pastor and teacher; 
and especially in his preaching and the other duties which belong 
to the Ministry of the Holy Gospel. 

For these reasons we find ourselves obliged, as in duty bound, 
first, to thank God the Lord for all his great blessings to us ; and 
secondly, for this great benefit bestowed upon us — providing us, 
after long waiting, with an intelligent, able, and to all appearances, 
a faithful and pious pastor. We trust the Lord will spare him, 
and give him a long life among us, to the glory of his Name, and 
the general edification of us all. This being the case, we, your 
humble servants, find ourselves bound to thank you also, next to 
God, for the courtesy and care which you still show for the wel- 
fare of our Keformed Churches here in New Netherland; in that 
you think of us over here, and are still providing us with pious 
pastors and teachers. 

Herewith we conclude. We remain profoundly grateful to you. 
Highly Esteemed Sirs, for the care you have shown for our wel- 
fare. We therefore, your humble servants, wish you all pros- 
perity and blessing. May the Lord give you his blessing, favor 
and grace, and grant you a long life and a happy end. 

We remain, with all respect. Your obedient servants. The Con- 
sistory of the Navesinks, In the Name of all, 

Mert Willemse, 
John Kouwenhoven. 


2556 Ecclesiastical Records 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

To write to 'New York and Pennsylvania. 

1731, Oct. 1st. Rev. Classis resolved that the Messrs. Deputati 
ad res Exteras shall write to the ministers of Xew York; also to 
the Rev. Boehm and Rev. Weyss, in order to obtain information 
whether Rev. Wejs has yet returned with the donation given him 
here for the erection of a church in Pennsylvania; and further, 
in what condition the church in that place finds itseK. xi. 58. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The United Churches of the Raritan District to the Highly 
Reverend Classis of Amsterdam^ Oct. 2, 1731. [See P. S. 
March 23, 1732.] 

(Port-folio, "New York/' Vol. i.— Extracts in Vol. xxii: 220-7.) 

Reverend and Highly Learned Gentlemen, and Highly Esteemed Brethren of the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: — 

Your letter of May of this year (1731) came duly to hand. We inform you, in 
the first place, that our pastor, by God's favor, was some time ago restored to 
health, and has again exercised his sacred ministry for more than a year. In the 
second place, we thank you for your cordial admonitions. If you were present 
among us, you would understand that, not the disaffected, but we ourselves are 
inclined to follow up your peace-counsels, as you may observe from the enclosures 
herewith. And we are also still willing to regard the disaffected ones as relieved 
(of the ban) if they will acknowledge the doctrines which are taught among us, 
and which are really the Reformed Doctrines, as orthodox; and if they will join 
themselves again to us. This is also your own object. But what their object is 
you may perceive from their own writings. It grieves us that you are so misled; 
for we here take no more liberties regarding discipline, the liturgy, and the Holy 
Sacraments, than are permitted by God's Word and our Church-Order. The Sacra- 
ments are administered here as in other churches, except that the Supper is par- 
taken of here standing; while in other churches the members are seated. But it 
was thus done before our present pastor came here; and his own preference is for 
the members to be seated. 

We trust also that you will allow him, in the use of the various Forms, as much 
liberty as other ministers take. We do not think that you would want to bind 
him alone like a child in his abc-s, to the very words of the Forms at all times; 
for then he would sometimes make himself ridiculous. For instance, should he 
perform marriage for a maiden woman or a widow of sixty or more years, as does 
sometimes happen, and he should use the exact words of the Form, and speak of 
the getting of children. 

For surely you well know, as it is also shown by Messrs. Freeman and Sand- 
voort, that there is not one minister to be found in this land, who observes strictly 
all the Articles of the Church-Order. Now the same penalty that you impose on 
others we shall also willingly submit to ourselves. If our pastor had done in the 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 2557 

congregation of some one else, what Rev. Coens has done here, and is still doing, 
you would suspend him, if not depose him. For Millstone is not a definite locality 
by itself, but it is a river, scattered along whose banks, our people live. 

As to the English dissenter: [Rev. Gilbert Tennent:] He is not such a one as 
your letter makes him out, to speak gently. For he was called mainly by the 
English here, and for the English. Our pastor at first was rather against it than 
for it. Simon Wykhoff himself had a share in calling him. This was done without 
doubt, in the hope that he would be against us. That some of our adherents also 
aided in calling him, against the dissuasion of our pastor, was intended, as they 
declare, to help the English; for they were here as sheep gone astray. His 
services are quite apart from ours. He preaches also in only one of our churches 
when it is not our turn to be there; and that only by permission. But this, of 
course, does not influence the disaffected ones, for they gave nothing towards the 
building of those churches. And it is not to be wondered at. Rev. (Joseph) 
Morgan is also a dissenter, for he belongs to the same Classis (Presbytery) and 
Synod as this other dissenter; and as a member, helped to ordain him, by the 
laying on of hands. He has now, for several years, ministered to both Dutch and 
English on the Navesinks. He baptized many children here, before our pastor 
(Frelinghuysen) came, and nobody speaks a word against him. Rev. (Gilbert) 
Tennet is a Presbyterian, and they are surely orthodox. And ought we to oppose 
and persecute English Presbyterians in an English country. God preserve us from 
doing so! For have they not, even in England and Ireland, freedom of conscience 
and of worship? That some of our adherents attend his services and help support 
him, we neither can, nor ought we to forbid. But however that may be, it can be 
surely no just reason for dissatisfaction among the Complainants against us, nor 
ought they to accuse us on that account before the Rev. Classis. We trust that 
you will take notice from this, how they who stand by those who are disaffected 
towards us, mislead you. 

We beg you that you will be pleased to judge both them and us, their letters and 
ours. Impartially. We assure you that we have acted leniently with them. The 
requirement which you ordered in your first letter, which was written by Messrs. 
C. Houthoff and John Bakker, with reference to both us and them, was read to 
them; with the offer of letting them read the same themselves. We informed them 
that we willingly submitted ourselves to your requirements. And we still are 
doing our utmost toward the establishment of peace. For you may well think, 
that aside from the obligations resting upon us, the troubles and unrest distress us. 

One other thing we ask of you. If it should please you to write to us again, 
will you kindly address the letters to Mr. Matthew Clarkson, Merchant in New 
York. For our letters are always delayed, before they come into our hands. 
Then we are accused of having kept them secret. 

If we cannot effect peace through our own efforts, we shall choose impartial 
persons. We cannot yet report to you concerning this, as the majority live here 
far apart and scattered. We trust however, on our part to be always peacefully 
inclined, and well-disposed. It is our prayer and wish that the Most High will be 
pleased to crown your ministry, persons and families, with His lavish blessings. 

We remain, Rev. and Highly-Learned Sirs, Your willing servants and Brethren, 
The Consistory of the United Churches of Raritan. In the name of all, 

T. J. Frelinghuysen, 
Cornelius Bennet, 
Albert Voorhees, 
Raritan, William Willemse, 

October 2, 1731. John van Dyck. 

[See Postscript of March 23, 1732. Letter, long delayed.] 

Churches of Poughkeepsie an^d Fishkill, IST. Y. Domine 
Van Schie. Oct. 4, 1731. 

1st. After calling on God's name, consistory meeting is again held with the con- 
sistories of Poughkeepsie and the Fishkill, and then all the articles made in the 
previous meeting of the 30th of September last are confirmed. 


2558 Ecclesiastical Records 

2nd. Thereon the reckoning of expense incurred in the coming over of the Heer 
Van Schie with his wife is talien up and was fully acquiesced in, with unanimous 
resolution that the same be copied in both the church books of Poughkeepsie and 
the Fishkill, with written approval signed by both consistories. 

3rd. In order that Dominie Van Schie may have perfect freedom in choosing the 
place most agreeable to him at Poughkeepsie and the Fishkill, all the consistories 
have declared that, whenever Dominie Van Schie makes his choice, they with 
perfect content shall consent to the same and shall fully acquiesce therein. 

4th. Whenever Dominie Van Schie shall have chosen to reside at Poughkeepsie 
or at the Fishkill, there where he chooses to live, both congregations together 
(each bearing the half of the expense) shall buy six acres, build a house, and 
make a garden, and plant an orchard, in accordance with the stipulations on these 
points contained in the power of attorney call. 

5th. In case it may come to pass at any time after both the congregations of 
Poughkeepsie and the Fishkill shall together have bought six acres at the place 
where Domine Van Schie shall have chosen to reside, and there shall have built a 
house and made a garden and planted an orchard, that the two congregations shall 
ecclesiastically separate from each other that each may have a preacher for itself, 
then shall the six acres, house, garden and orchard be appraised by four impartial 
men, (and the said four shall have power to choose a fifth) and the congregation at 
the place where the preacher shall have resided shall honestly give the just half 
of the sum for which all the aforesaid was appraised to the congregation in whicfi 
no preacher's house was built with the coming of Domine Van Schie Subscribed. 

All this was done at the place and times aforenamed in the presence of Domine 
G. Du Bois, as we, the undersigned testify. 

Cornelius Van Schie. 
Pieter Parmentier, Pieter Du Boys, Johannes Van Kleeck, Abraham Boys, 

Laurens Van Kleeck, Abraham Brinkerhoff, Hendrick X Phillips, 

his mark 

Myndert X Van De Bogaart. 
— History of the First Reformed Church of Poughkeepsie. pp. 44, 45. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

The Consistory of the Raritan Congregations to the 
Complainants, Oct. 6, 1731. 

Enclosure B; with the letter from the Consistory of Raritan, to 
the Classis of Amsterdam. 

(Port-folio " :N"ew York '', Vol. i.) 

For Peter du Mont, Simon Wyckof, Henry Vroom, at Raritan. 

Letter B. 

Sirs:— Inasmuch as you asked of us a speedy and written reply to your letter of 
September 18, 1731, we have used all diligence, to show our readiness for peace, or 
for business tending toward peace; and to satisfy you in this respect. 

In reply to your letter, know then that we are willing to submit ourselves to the 
decision of Rev. Classis. But inasmuch as, according to your explanation of the 
Classical letter to you, it does not in all respects seem well to agree with their 

OF TPiE State of xS^ew Yoek. 2559 

letter to us, it would be best, according to our way of thinking, that these two 
letters should be brought together. Thus could we the better understand the 
complete opinion and object of the Rev. Classis. 

For it does not appear to us, either from the previous letter, or from the present 
letter of the Rev. Classis to us, that they really consider the ban executed against 
you as illegal; or that they nullify it as such, as you imagine; but they only say 
that they release you, on account of your persistent longing and heartfelt desire 
for the Supper, and your diligent employment of every means in behalf of peace; 
and what ever else there may be of this character. If these feelings are really in 
your hearts, they will not forsake you. But how is it that we see no fruits 
thereof, but rather the contrary. Because, as you say, the Rev. Classis has been 
moved to release you from the Ban, you ask us to consider you as so released. 
And because we are aware of the love of peace of the Rev. Classis, and of their 
prudence, we offer to subject ourselves to its pious judgment; therefore, we do not 
wish in any wise to antagonize their action in this business. But inasmuch as the 
Rev. Classis has not in view so much your release from the Ban, as reunion and 
peace between ourselves and you: therefore, we think that you as well as ourselves, 
should endeavor to comply with the view of Classis; and you should regard and 
accept the Reformed doctrine as taught among us by Rev. Frilinghuysen as 
orthodox; and join yourselves again with us, with proper subjection to the regula- 
tions of our church. Therewith, for the present, we will hold ourselves content, 
in order thus to satisfy the decision of Classis. 

Understand also, that by these presents, we also promise you that we will 
endeavor to preserve pure among us, as also we are in duty bound, the true Re- 
formed Doctrine, agreeably to, and in accordance with the Dutch Church-Order. 
This shall be done in all particulars, so far as is possible in this land, for the 
common welfare and edification of the church. 

From all this you can well perceive our object, as well as our readiness for 
peace. We conclude herewith, hoping that the God of peace will pacify us. We 
also request by these lines, and for the same reasons mentioned in your letter, a 
speedy reply and an amicable account of your sentiments in this connection. 
D. By the Consistory of the Four United Churches at Raritan. 

By and in the name of all, 

T. J. Frelinghuysen? 
Mynne, Van Voorhees, Elder 
Abraham Ouke, Elder 


October 6, 1731. 

Agrees with the original. 
G. du Bois, 
V. Antonides, 
Henry Boel. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Ministers in Xew York, October 19, 
1731. xxLx. 86. 1^0. 16. 

Reverend, Godlv and Learned Gentlemen^ 
Dearly-beloved Brethren : — 

We have received no letter from you during this year. We 
know not the reason for this. We doubt not you received the 
letter of the Deputati ad res exteras, written in December 1730, 



2560 Ecclesiastical Records 

together witti the Minutes of the Synod. The Rev. Classis charges 
us not only to send you, as well as the other churches in that 
region, the Minutes of the Synod of 1731, as we do by this present; 
but also to request you to inform us, as soon as possible, whether 
there is any certain information of the arrival of Rev. Weiss in 
his congregation in Pennsylvania. He was in Holland with a rep- 
resentative of the church of Schipback, (ReifP), and collected some 
funds here, and took them A^dth him to Pennsylvania^ as you were 
informed in the last letter. Since then the Classis has received 
neither report nor letter from him. This appears strange to many 
of us, as we cannot imagine the reason for it. It would be agree- 
able if you could give us any information. 

We have nothing more to mention, except that, by God's favor, 
the Church of Christ is at peace. May Jehovah God favor you in 
the very important work of your ministry with all desirable bless- 
ings and with his precious grace. 

J. Bekker, Dep. CI. Amst. ad res Exteras. 

October 19, 1731. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their CoiTespondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. George M. Weiss, of Penn- 
sylvania. October 19, 1731. xxix 87. jS'o. 17. 

Reverend Sir and Brother: — 

The Rev. Classis is greatly astonished that hitherto, since your 
departure, no tidings have reached us of your an*ival in Pennsyl- 
vania and among your congregation; nor in what manner the 
funds which were placed in your keeping, have been used for the 
benefit of the churches over there. Therefore the Rev. Classis 
has directed us to inform you of their astonishment and anxiety, 
and earnestly and kindly to request you, as we do by these pres- 
ents, that you will please neglect the matter no longer; but at 

OF THE State of Xew York. 2561 

the very earliest opportunity, inform us, by letter, of your con- 
dition, and what has been done with those funds^ and what is 
the condition of the churches in those regions. Meantime we be- 
seech and admonish you to promote peace and love with. Eev. 
Boehm, about which we have also written him. To these, we 
further refer ourselves, expecting that you have also read them, 
or have understood their contents, and that you will inform us 
and Rev. Boehm of all matters. 

We heartily wish you God's enlightening, sanctifying and com- 
forting grace, and that the God of love and peace may be fully 
with you, and prosper your way and work in every manner. 

In the name of all, 

J. Bekker, Dep. Classis Amst. ad res Exteras. 

October 19, 1731. 

Trinity Chuech, Xew Yoek. 

Trinity Church to the Society for Propagating the Gospel, Oct. 30, 1731. 

On the death of Mr. Thomas Huddlestone, it was ordered by the Vestry, 

That Mr. Vesey, the Church Wardens, Mr. Livingston and Mr. Chambers, be a 
committee to prepare an humble address to the Venerable Society for propagating 
the Gospell in foreign parts, that they will favourably be pleased to appoint Mr. 
Thomas Noxon their schoolmaster in this city, and to continue their salary for 
that purpose. And the said Mr. Noxon having undertaken that the oflace of Clerk 
to the Church shall be officiated to the satisfaction of the Vestry, he is thereupon 
appointed and chosen Clerk accordingly. This address was drawn up, and signed, 
in the words following, to wit: 

New York, the 30th of October, 1731. 
Reverend Sir: 

It having pleased Allmighty God to take unto himself Mr. Thomas Huddlestone, 
the Society's Schoolmaster, in this city, wee, the Rector, Church Wardens, and 
Vestry of Trinity Church, most humbly entreat that Venerable Body to continue 
that charity, which has hitherto been of great use and service to the poor children 
of this place, as well as a nursery to our Infant Church, in bringing up and in- 
structing them in the principles of our Most Holy Religion; and if the Society 
would be favourably pleased to appoint Mr. Thomas Noxon, of this city, in that 
oflace, we should esteem it a singular favour, he having been for many years past 
(and still is) one of our Vestry, a person of exemplary piety and vertue, and 
instrumental in bringing several persons to our Communion, and one whom we 
persuade ourselves will discharge that duty with the utmost diligence and faith- 

Sir, we conceive it necessary to acquaint you, we are informed the Widdow 
Huddlestone, mother to the deceased, immediately after her son's death got an 
address drawn up to the Honorable Society, in order to have the school and their 
bounty conferred on her; and as she or her daughter carried the same about, they 
got several Inhabitants of this city to sign the same in her favour, some of them, 
as we believe, induced thereto by meer compassion, and others not only by that, 



2562 Ecclesiastical Records 

but also believing it was approved of and countenanced by us; and this address we 
expect will be transmitted you by this or the next conveyance, in which, had it 
been offered to us, we would readily and heartily have joined, could we have 
thought Mrs. Huddlestone, in her advanced years, a person proper or capable to 
discharge a trust or duty of such great importance both to the City and Church. 

But as we cannot recommend her as such, yet we humbly beg leave to recommend 
her and her poor family to the Venerable Society, as objects worthy of their 
charity, both husband and son having been faithfull servants to them in the 
discharge of their respective duties. 
We are Reverend Sir, 

Your most obliged and most humble servants. 
— Berrian's History of Trinity Church, New York. pp. 50, 51. 

Eev. Mr. Campbell to the Secretary of the Society for 
Propagatin^g the Gospel. 

New York, November 3rd, 1731. 

Rev. Sir: Mr. Poyer is a much better man and Christian than 

himself (Mr. Yesey is referred to) he endeavors to remove from his Mission in 
Jamaica; he is a Grandson of Coll. Poyer who died in the gallant defence of Pem- 
broke Castle in the time of Oliver Cromwell, which alone I hope will recommend 
him to the favor and protection of the sensible and generous Dr. Humphreys; he 
is a good natured, honest man, and is beneficent to his neighbors, which I take to 
be qualities superior to any Mr. Yesey is possessed of; He has prevailed with Mr. 
Poyer to send a letter home desiring to be recalled, which would infallibly ruin the 
poor Gentleman and his numerous family. Therefore I entreat you to take care 
that the Society's answer may entirely leave it at his own choice; whether to go 
home or not; this I write at the desire of his best friends. 

The secret of this is that Mr. Vesey wants to get quit of Mr. Colgan, and send 
him to Jamaica, tho he must needs be sensible that Mr. Poyer will be ruined, if 

he goes home or leaves his Mission 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 189. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter from Rev. Peter van Driessen. 

1731, Dec. 18th. A letter arriver also from Rev. Peter van 
Driessen, minister at "New Albany, together with a treatise (pam- 
phlet) on the first twenty two Lord's days of our Catechism. 
The examination of the contests of the one as well as the other, 
was referred to Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras. xi. 62. 

Dutch Church of ^ew York. 

:New York, Dec. 20, 1731. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. Time when the 
Deacons give in their account. It was unanimously Resolved, 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 2563 

1. That the yearly salary of Jan Van Aarnheim, as foresinger 
in the 'New Church, on Sundays, and at all other usual times, ac- 
cording to the pious custom of the Kef ormed Church, shall, dur- 
ing his faithful service, be £12, 10s. New York currency. 

2. Aarend Van Hoek shall be appointed sexton of the New 
Church; and also not only bell-ringer of religious meetings there, 
but also to keep the church clean, and as free from noise as possi- 
ble; to open and close it seasonably, the inner or outer doors as 
may be required; and further, to obey all orders of the Consistory 
in general, and the Church Masters in particular; for which, so 
long as he serves to the satisfaction of the Consistory, he shall 
receive £10. New York currency. The second year of service of 
both Van Aarnheim and Van Hoek, shall commence from the 6th 
of December last. 

Meanwhile, as Aarent Van Hoek was appointed by some of the 
inhabitants of this city to ring the bell of the New Church, he 
shall thereon act and receive payment just as Jan Mantaque did, 
according to the rules laid down. 

3. Jan Mantaque and Aarend Van Hoek shall each receive a 
present of £3. for their extra services in the year past. 

4. After the roof of the Old Church is glazed, the Church 
Masters shall see that the Old Church is furnished with a aew 
roof, provided the direction thereof is left entirely to their folks. 

5. Since many in the Old Church, both men and women, com- 
plain that they are compelled to sit too close to each other; there- 
fore, whenever a place in any bench or pew comes back to the 
Church, either by death or removal of the owner, or in any other 
way; then at the request of those who belong to that bench or 
pew^ the vacant seat shall not be sold to any one else; yet not 
more than one such seat shall be done away with, in such bench 

or pew. 

Lib. B. 101. 

1731. English language only to be used, henceforth, in all Courts of Justice.— 
Census of New York; Col. Docts. N. Y. v. 921; Doc. Hist. N. Y. i. 471. 



2564 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. E. Erickson to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, January 

13, 1732. 

(Port-folio '' Xew York ", Vol. i.) 
Extracts in Vol. xxii. 210-211. 

Reverend, Very-Learned and Pious Gentlemen and Brethren in Christ:— Jolin 
Van Driessen sometime ago arrived at Albany. His traits of character are as well 
known to you as to us. Nevertheless, Peter Van Driessen, his brother, who is 
minister at Albany, put him in his pulpit to conduct public services, although he 
had never been promoted (to the ministry,) and had not even a certificate of mem- 
bership in our Church. Subsequently at the suggestion of his brother, he went to 
the Independents in New England (at New Haven) to receive ordination at their 
hands. Having secured this, he was installed by his brother, the minister of 
Albany, as pastor of two places, called Kinderhook and Claverack. But these con- 
gregations belong to the Dutch Reformed Church. 

Meanwhile, although these two churches had been commended to his care and 
supervision by his brother, he could not content himself with them. He must 
needs run up and down the river from Albany, to seduce away, if possible, still 
other congregations. Among others, he is now busy at Kingston, in the congrega- 
tion of Domine Vas, and is causing there a great division and schism, as appears 
under his own signature. 

We accordingly hope and expect that you will show that you take to heart the 
general welfare, as well as the rest and the peace of Christ's Church in these 
distant regions. We think that one blessed method for preventing any more con- 
gregations from being seduced, in their simplicity, by him, and for promoting the 
quiet of the churches, would be, for the High Rev. Classis to indicate in a letter, 
as speedily as practicable, written in such Dutch that plain men can understand 
it that his ordination (from New England) gives him no lawful right to occupy the 
minister's office in our church. And let it also show how far his Brother, Peter van 
Driessen, has exceeded his power in this matter, and how we are, therefore, to 
regard him. We also greatly desire and need a certified statement from the High 
Rev. Classis, regarding that false certificate from Professor Driessen; wherewith 
he, (John Van Driessen) appeared before the Rev. Classis; as also regarding his 
further conduct as well-known to you. But all of this makes him totally unfit to 
enter the ministry. 

Herewith we conclude, in the hopes that the Rev. Gentlemen and Brethren will 
take to heart the welfare and the quietness of Christ's Church in these far off 
regions; and that they will comply with this, our request. Praying for all real 
prosperity upon the distinguished Classical Assembly. 
Reverend Sirs and Brethren, 

Your well-wishing Servant and Brother in Christ, 
Reinhart Erickzon, 

Minister at Schenectady. 

In confirmation of the above writing, signed with my own hand, 

Peter Vas, 

Minister at Kingston. 

January 13, 1732. 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 2565 


Geaitts of Land. 

1732. Colden's Report on Lands in New York. Consequences of large grants. 
Vacating such grants. (Implied reference to Rev. Dellius.) 

Eevivals, 1732-1742. 

New York, November 3rd, 1731. 

The Great Awakening. See Tracey's Hist, of Alexander's Log College, with 
Accounts of the Revivals.— Murphy's Presbytery of the Log College, (also con- 
taining accounts of the Revivals. — Lives of Whitefield. — Demarest's Life of Fre- 

TlEv. Alex. Campbell to the Secretary of the Society for 
Propagating the Gospel. 

New York January 23th 1731 (O. S.) 1732. 

Sir: About ten dayes ago died the Rev. Mr. Foyer Missionary at Jamaica on 
Long Island. The Presbyterians by the sly tricks & quirks of the common Law, 
got the Church, the Parsonage house & lands, into their possession, & now they 
are resolved to deprive the next Missionary of sixty pounds currency settled as a 
yearly Salary by an Act of Assembly. The next Missionary may depend upon it, 
he must either engage in a law suit against the Dissenters or throw up the Salary 
above mentioned; and if he is not a man of tolerable good sense and resolution, 
they will get his Salary also into their possession and that Mission will be entirely 
lost. I thank God I am very well beloved by all the Gentlemen of sense, honor 
and virtue in this Province, & if the Honorable Society will be pleased to nominate 
me as Missionary in the room of Mr. Poyer, By the assistance of God, the merit 
of a good cause, & a faithful application, no doubt but that I shall be able to 
obtain the continuation of the Salary to the Missionary of Jamaica, and perhapi? 
recover what is already lost, notwithstanding the number, cunning and power of 
our adversaries; this I leave to the consideration of the Society, & hope they will 
either remove me to Jamaica, or by a yearly bounty put me on an equal footing 
with my neighbouring Missionaries, which I am persuaded will be thought both n 
modest and a reasonable request. Be so good as to lay this before the Society at 
their next meeting, which will add very much to your former favors of this kind. 

I am etc. 

Alex Campbell, 
— Doe. Hist. N. Y. Vol. ill. p. 190. 

From Minutes of the Classis of the Hague, Vol. iv. 380. 

Regular Classis, held February 4, 1732. 
President, Rev. Pama; Clerk, Rev. Manger. 

After the name of the Lord had been invoked by Rev. Does- 
berg: 1. Rev. Wittebol laid upon the table a letter, in regard 
to a request for a subsidy (subsidie) for Peter van Driessen, in 
consideration of expenses incurred in behalf of the church of Al- 
bany in America. This had been addressed some time ago to 


2566 Ecclesiastical E-ecoeds 

'My. Gromnie, and was handed over by his children, after his de- 
cease, to Rev. Wittebol. The Rev. Classis referred this affair to 
him, with his fellow Deputies, to deliberate thereon and to ad- 
dress the writer as may seem proper. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

The Complainants to Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen, Feb. 7, 1732. 

(Enclosure, with the letter of the Raritan Complainants, to the 
Classis of Amsterdam.) 

(Port-folio '' -New York '', Yol. i.) 

To Theodorus Jacobus Frilinghuysen and his Consistory at Six Mile Run; with the 
other enclosure; Letter C. (Same as A?) 

Domine Frelinghuysen and his Consistory:— Your letter of October 6, was 
handed to us on October 17. It expresses the desire that the letter of Classis 
written to us, be laid by the side of the one written to you. In our last to you, 
we communicated, not the general declaration but the very words themselves, of 
the Rev. Classis to us, so far as these related to you and us; and these alone are 
to the point just here. Our views on — whether the ban was really illegal or not — 
we have already expressed in our letters to you in the year 1729. 

Now the Rev. Classis has taken pleasure in this, namely they have declared that 
they have released us from the ban, and nullified it. If this is not yet evident to 
you, we cannot help it. Nevertheless, since this has been settled by the Rev. 
Classis, we must each of us abide thereby. The Rev. Classis desires, not that you 
should release us, but that you should consider us as already released; and that 
each of us now should diligently employ every means toward peace. Therefore 
nothing more is now required of us. Whatever else your letter happens to 
enumerate, as, for example, to acknowledge your Reformed Doctrine as orthodox; 
upon this we have already expressed ourselves to you in our letter of the year 
1729. In reference to this, the Rev. Classis writes to us, that it is satisfied. There- 
fore beyond this, there is nothing more now to demand of us. 

This then is the last thing that we, according to the proposition of the Classis 
can do; to offer you once more peace and reunion. In order, therefore, that each 
of us may be properly reconciled — for with all our hearts we are in favor of 
truth and peace — we amicably propose to you these several conditions for our 
mutual reconciliation. 

That you should, without that stipulation which was in your letter, (of April 19, 
1729?), comply with the Holland Church-Order, together with us, in respect to 
every part; because this is altogether for the quiet and edification of the church. 
And also, in compliance with the Classical deliverance: 

1. That you do recognize us as released from the Ban; and that you recognize us 
and the others who stand with us, as church-members, and that you treat us as 
such, etc. 

2. And, in accordance with the letter of Classis, that you restore everything, in 
reference to doctrine, discipline, and the administration of the sacred Seals of the 
Covenant, to their old footing, according to the accepted Dutch Church-ordinances. 

.S. And, inasmuch as the Rev. Classis also strongly urges us to do our best for 
peace, it is therefore necessary, that in order to avoid all one-sidedness, that we 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2567 

on each side labor unitedly, and in an ecclesiastical manner, to effect such restora- 
tion. To this end we propose, that the entire present Ruling Consistory of Rev. 
Frelinghuysen, in a friendly spirit, resign their respective offices heretofore retained: 

4. That at the first opportunity an entirely new Consistory be chosen, the one 
half by the present Ruling Consistory of Rev. Frilinghuysen, and the other half 
by us the authorized Coramittee (of the Complainants.) and 

5. That then, these newly elected members be published in the church; and 
after being installed, that they do join themselves in simplicity of heart with Rev. 
Frilinghuysen, as the one Consistory, unto the full restoration of peace, and to 
prevent the further decline of the churches, etc. And this will be also unto the 
further preservation of the pure Doctrine and Discipline, according to the Dutch 
Reformed Church-Order, in all its parts; as well as in compliance with the express 
writing of the Rev. Classis both to you and to us, in regard to that English 
dissenter, (Tennent?) 

6. That if hereafter, which may God graciously forbid, any dispute should arise 
among us, in the Consistory or in the congregation, which cannot be settled by 
the Consistory, in accordance with the Church-Orders: 

Such dispute shall be left not only to our own Preacher or Preachers, but to the 
counsel and decision of all the Dutch Reformed Ministers of this land, or at least 
to five of the same; and these must be such as correspond in orthodoxy to the 
High Reverend Classis of Amsterdam, and who continue jointly and separately, in 
subordination to the Classis in all Church matters. This is to prevent all novel 
estrangements among the Dutch Reformed churches in these regions; and unto 
the more steady preservation, everywhere, so far as is possible, of the unity of 
the spirit in the bonds of peace. 

7. And to this end also, that hereafter, all those w^ho come from other con- 
gregations to us, with regular church certificates of membership, shall be recog- 
nized and treated as such. 

8. Also in compliance with the intentions of Classis and with your own obliga- 
tions, that you do well consider everything, so far as possible, that may tend 
toward the general peace and welfare of the Dutch Reformed Churches in this 
country; and that you show proper respect to their ministers, in accordance with a 
just subordination to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam; and in particular that you 
make an apology to the ministers, against whom, as opponents in this our business, 
you have expressed yourselves so freely, about as follows: — 

That you have nothing against their persons, or the ministration of their office; 
that you have forgotten and forgiven everything, and desire that brotherly harmony 
between all these gentlemen and yourself may be completely restored; that to this 
end you will do your best, as far as possible; and that you also expect the same 
from them. 

For the Rev. Classis has thanked these gentlemen for the trouble they have 
taken in maintaining the Correspondence, and in seeking counsel for our churches 
in this land. Therefore we request your concurrence with us, in this matter, for 
the sake of the general good of the churches, and that you unite with us on these 
fair and friendly conditions. We request that all of these conditions in general, 
and that each one in particular be agreed to, and be followed up on your part. 
And we also promise by these presents, and as representatives of, and in the 
name of our Fellow-Complainants, that we are in favor of them on our part, and 

1. That we will acknowledge Rev. Frilinghuysen as our lawful pastor and 
teacher from this time and henceforth: and will hold him in honor and love, as 
such, and will assist in properly supporting him. 

2. That when members of the Ruling Consistory of Rev. Frelinghuysen fully 
resign their offices, we will also fully resign our offices as representatives (of the 

3. That we and our companions will, all together, persevere in conducting our- 
selves in compliance with the Dutch Church Order in true love and peace, thro»igh- 


2568 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


out the whole congregation; while we will expect the same conduct from them, 
being all together, one body. And subsequently having prepared the heart com- 
pletely to cast into oblivion all previous disputes and disagreements, we promise 
to live as one congregation in the Lord in Christian unity; and, in love, to 
anticipate one another for edification and forbearance, so far as is possible, by the 
help of the Most High, 

And, finally, for the better securing of all these things, and in order to make 
firm and enduring this wholesome compact, these Peace-Articles shall be sub- 
scribed from year to year, by all who shall hereafter be chosen as members of the 
Consistory, before their installation into their respective offices. 

Having thus done everything on our part, on behalf of peace, we leave these 
propositions in writing, hoping soon to be able to inform the Classis of the result, 
which we justly may expect from you at the earliest opportunity. May we have 
your amiable and equally peace-loving consent to them. And this should be by 
regular ecclesiastical action on your part, and in every particular for complete 

And may the Lord command upon you and upon us. as well as upon the entire 
Christian church, the blessings of Peace and of Eternal Life. Such is our sincere 
wish, and the sigh of our hearts; the prayer of your truth and peace-loving 
friends in the Lord. 

Peter Du Mont, 
Simon Wyckhof, 
Henry Vroom, 
Daniel Severing. 

February 7, 1732. 

[Compare with May 4, 1732.] 

Classis of x\mstekdam. 

Correspondence in x^merica. 

The Consistory of Earitan to the Comphiinants, February 

14, 1732. 

Enclosure with the letter of the Raritan Complainants to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. 

(Port-folio " IsTew York ", Vol. i.) 
"With the other enclosure D. Letter B. (Similar to D.) 

Messrs. P. du JVIont, S. Wyckhoff, H. Vroom and D. Sebering: — We duly received 
your letter of February 7. We inform you that we are pleased with your friendly 
expressions, and rejoice that you are disposed to peace. We profess on our part, 
that we are ready and willing to restore the broken peace. 

1. As to your first demand, we grant it, provided that you will acknowledge 
the doctrine here taught as orthodox, and that you will again tinite with us, accord- 
ing to the requirements of the Rev. Classis. Then will we consider you released, 
and will lovingly treat you and your fellow-Complainants, according to God's 
Word, even as we do the other members. For in the previous letter, Classis re- 
quired this in so many words: — " You may then also know that we also require 
of the Complainants a confession of blame for their imprudences; an acknowl- 
edgment of you as an orthodox minister; and further all esteem and love for your 
person and office." The last agrees fully therewith. 

OF THE State of 'New York. 2509 

2. Regarding the administration of the sacred seals of the Covenant: Such 
administration is to be done according to Church-Order. We do not" know that 
there Is any difference about these, unless it be in the Supper. This is partaken 
of here, standing; at other places sitting. 

And as to the Holland Church-Order: You ought to know that we follow this, 
and that we recognize no other. But as there is no minister in this country who 
strictly observes all the Articles, including those which are merely incidental, 
that is those which are affected by circumstances; therefore you cannot require 
any more of our Domine. For example, we read in the Church-Order, Article 37, 
that a Consistory meeting must be held every week. 

Now this is, of course, impossible in this country. And know, friends, that 
we are able to point out more such Articles, which are affected by circumstances. 
These cannot be strictly observed by any minister here. Besides, you are surely 
aware that our minister has four churches to serve. Hence it is impossil)le for 
him strictly to follow out all the regulations. 

3. Now as to the resignation of the whole Consistory, we cannot consent to 
that, unless you can show that the Rev. Classis wants us to do so. You ought 
not to put upon us any heavier burdens than the Classis. You promised that you 
would conduct yourselves in compliance with the decisions of the Rev. Classis. 
Now you surely know that the Classis does not ask of us anj"- such thing. 

4. However, we are willing that some new members should be elected in each 
congregation, even as already occurs yearly. Thus there may be chosen some of 
your number. But that this should be done by your representatives — that is 
contrary to Church-Order. For the Church-Order, Art. 22, plainly reads, that a 
new Consistory must be elected by those present,* and this is the practice of all 
the churches in this land. But in order fully to show you our accommodating 
spirit toward you, we assure you that if you show us that the Rev. Classis 
requires this, we will consent thereto, 

5. As to that English dissenter, the Rev. Classis is waiting for further infor- 
mation from us, as to just how that matter stands. For it was written to Classis, 
as if Domine (Gilbert) Tennent were a colleague, (lit. secundus) of our own 
pastor. This of course, is not so, as everybody knows. He belongs to the 
English people. That he has preached in one of our churches — that was only 
a privilege granted him. Besides our Domine did not invite him, but some 
among you helped to invite him. But that he (Frelinghuysen) should forbid his 
hearers to listen to Tennent, that be far from him. We desire to be preserved 
from opposing English Presbyterians in an English country. Indeed the English 
Crown gives them liberty not only in Scotland, but also in England and Ireland. 

6. As to your 6th article: When any dispute arises we will gladly submit it 
to some Dutch ministers in this country. We kindly ask you, that if anything 
is taught or done that you do not like, tell us of it. If we cannot give you 
satisfaction, we are willing to submit ourselves to other preachers. 

7. As to Certificates: On this matter our pastor has declared himself to the 
Rev. Classis, wherewith the Classis is satisfied. 

8. It is certain that we would gladly see brotherly harmony between ourselves 
and other churches. We are willing to forget and forgive everything. Surely 
our Domine does not like to have the old wrongs called up again, as some of you 
well know; for he would gladly forget and forgive everything. Since you do not 
wish to write again, you can let us know your answer by word of mouth. If you 
would like to have a joint meeting, we will consent to it, and appoint a time. 

We also now make an end of writing to you. We are assured that the Rev. 
Classis will not be able to demand any further concessions from us. 

Art. 37. In all churches there shall be a Consistory composed of the Ministers 
and Elders, who shall meet together at least once every week, etc. 

*Art. 22. " The Elders shall be chosen by the suffrages of the Consistory, and 
of the Deacons; etc." (The term Consistory was in those days limited to the 


2570 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

The God of peace incline tlie hearts of all of us to peace; and vouchsafe to 
each of us his grace and blessing. 

We remain, your servants and friends, 

The Consistory of the Four Combined Churches of Raritan. 
In the name of all, 

T. J. Frelinghuysen, 
P. Brocka. Elder. 

Andrew Ten Eyck, 
Henry Vischer, " 

Elbert Stoothoff. 

Actum at our church meeting, 
February 14, 1732.* 

Dutch Church of Xew York. 
Xew York, M 

In Consistory after calling on God's name, the call of another 
minister was considered. 

It was stated that different members of the Consistories of 
other congregations here, had taken great satisfaction in the 
preaching of domine Gerard Haeghoort, on his first arrival last 
summer in this country, as the lawful pastor of the Dutch Re- 
formed Church at Nawenzinks, (IN^avesink) ; that since then, many 
had desired that the Ruling Consistory should directly request 
him to exercise his gifts again in this place. This was in order 
to see if he gave such satisfaction, that the Ruling Consistory 
might decide on the advisability of calling him, after counseling 
with the Great Consistory. If agreeable, then to seek the neces- 
sary subscription from the congregation for the salarj^ of said 
domine Haeghoort. Thus might this business, with the Lord's 
blessing^ be accomplished unanimously. A letter was accordingly 
sent with the knowledge of the Ruling Consistory to domine 
Haeghoort. His Rev. came here, and preached last Sunday after- 
noon (March 26) in the I^ew Church. 

Afterward, on Tuesday, March 28, Consistory met. After call- 
ing on God's name, the preaching of domine Haeghoort was 
talked over. Also the desire of many was expressed, both in and 
out of the Consistory, to hear him again. Resolved, That our two 
ministers, in the name of the Consistory should request him to 

[* See the Complainants' remarks on this letter, in their letter to Classis, May 
14, 1732.] 

OF THE State of ]^ew Yoke:. 2571 


preach next Sunday morning^ April 2nd, in the Old Cliiirch. To 

this domine Haeghoort agreed, and performed the service. On 

both occasions, the Consistory thought proper that there should 

be no morning service in the other church, as the people desired 

to hear domine Haeghoort in his service. 

The Eaeitaist Churches to the Classis of Amsterdam. (This 
is a postscript to letter of Oct. 2, 1731, which see.) 

(P. S.) Reverend and Highly-Learned Sirs, and much Es- 
teemed Brethren of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: — Since the 
above was written, we have had no opportunity to send it. Later 
on the disaffected proposed such terms to us, as you may see from 
the accompanying letter, under Letter H. But we could not con- 
sent to them, and you did not require this from us. However, 
we answered them amicably, as you may perceive from our letter^ 
under letter B. In this we declare that we are willing to consider 
them released (from the ban) if they will again join themselves 
to us. We do not know what more we ought to do in this matter, 
inasmuch as we have followed up your decision in everything. 

In the hope that you will take pleasure in this, we remain, 
after wishing all blessing and prosperity upon your ministry, per- 
sons and families. 

Rev. Sirs, Your servant and Brother, 

T. J. Frelinghuysen. 
Raritan, . : : 

March 23, 1732. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

A Statement by the Consistory of Kingston, to the Classis of 

Amsterdam, respecting the intrusion of John Van Driessen 

into the service of some of their churches. (Spring, 1732?) 

Declaration by Rev. Peter Yas to the Classis of Amsterdam. 

(Port-folio " New York '^ Vol. i.) 

The present condition of our cliurch here, compels us, worthy Sirs and Brethren 
in Christ, to seek your aid in connection with the dissension and schism which 


2572 Ecclesiastical Ejecords 

has arisen in our congregation. Ttie trouble has been caused by one John van 
Driessen, and it has been much aggravated by his brother, Peter van Driessen, 
minister at Albany. These things will appear from the follovping facts: First, 
we will explain to you, Rev. Brethren, our former unity; and then show you to 
what extent this has been rent and broken by them. 

First: It is well-known to you that we, with all the surrounding villages in 
this our County of Ulster, as one body, have for some time past, had one pastor 
and teacher. For his support we have combined together and paid his salary, each 
locality according to its ability. And this will serve in proof of this: When our 
pulpit was last vacant, we forwarded a unanimous call to Europe with the 
promise of support for a minister. This may be seen from the salary-list. There- 
upon Uev. Peter Vas came to us, whose services we have enjoyed for many years 
in rest and peace, and with much satisfaction. We have also received the Holy 
Supper of the Lord from his hands with united hearts, and each one has paid the 
promised salary, without any opposition at the time and place. 

Secondly: But what has happened in connection with this said John van Dries- 
sen? This man came from Holland without ordination, or even a certificate from 
his Professor. He was then ordained by the Independents of New Haven to the 
ministry at Kinderhook and Klaverack; and he was installed there by his brother, 
in an underhanded and an improper manner. He was at length denied further 
ministrations at Claverack because of his unchristian life and behavior. Now this 
man, I say, first endeavored by his tools, to bring about, in the absence of Mr. 
Vas, that he should preach in the church of Kingston. This had been refused to 
them by our preceding Consistory. Nevertheless, he could not be prevented from 
preaching at Hurley, at the Paltz, and at Marbletown. And this had mainly this 
result: that by exalting himself above others, before simple-minded people, he 
could justify his former bad conduct and life, and in the end, brought our lawful 
pastor's work into contempt. The consequence was that he made a great follow- 
ing for himself here, which has given rise to great confusion. Indeed the people 
of the Paltz some few excepted, actually acknowledged him as their pastor, and 
made arrangements for him to come and preach there three or four times in the 
year, and administer the sacraments. This proposition he also accepted, even 
delivering an installation sermon, and subsequently, he chose and installed a 
consistory among them. He did all this without any recognition of us. And 
when our consistory advised them to desist from their proceedings and showed 
them their mistake, nevertheless their efEorts were altogether fruitless; for they 
were encouraged in their actions by Rev. Peter van Driessen. He, with his 
brother John van Driessen, came here in February last, after he had by letter 
Informed his adherents of his coming. Thereupon several messengers were de- 
spatched at once, post-haste, to make known to his adherents the purpose of his 
coming. For it was published at the Palts, that all those who wanted to see John 
van Driessen cleared of the charge that he was not a lawful minister must go to 
Kingston. A meeting was accoi'dingly got together there in order to bind the 
people still closely to his brother's object (to vindicate John); and to spread boast- 
fully about his imagined triumph. 

Meanwhile Rev. Peter van Driessen requested Rev. Vas, to call a meeting of 
his consistory, in order to ascertain what Rev. Erickson had said to the disad- 
vantage of him and his brother. [See under Jan. 13, 1732.] This meeting, in 
compliance with his request, took place the day after, namely, on February 9, 
in the church at Kingston. There that gentleman and his brother, and their 
adherents all appeared. When he (Peter van Driessen) was asked what he had 
to lay before the meeting, he answered with an artful and hypocritical recom- 
mendation to peace, that he wished to show indisputably to the world, that his 
brother, John van Driessen, was a lawful Reformed Minister; that he had been 
ordained in accordance with the Act of the Synod of Dort. When some discus- 
sion arose on this point, for we judged that this was not the place, (for such an 
attempted vindication of John van Driessen,) some of his ringleaders immediately 
rose to their feet and made a great tumult. The one called out one thing, and 
another an other thing. Indeed, they even threatened to drag certain members 
of the Consistory through the church by their hair. This they would have easily 
done, if they had not been afraid of the law. While this was going on, Peter 
van Driessen and his brother went out, after which the meeting also adjourned. 

OF THE State of i^ew York. 2573 

But along the street they belched forth much indecent slander and vituperatiou 
against Rev. Vas and his Consistory. Rev. Peter van Driessen sought to impress 
upon the people, so far as he could, the lawfulness of his brother's ordination. 
This was done in a public inn, before more than fifty persons, as it has been 
told us. 

In General 

The conduct of these two brothers here, has caused such an alienation of feel- 
ing, that some hold themselves aloof from the church, not caring to come to the 
preaching at all. The services of the pastor are held by them in contempt, and 
they do not come to the Holy Supper of the Lord. The Rev. Consistory is also 
despised; all of its enterprises are thwarted; and some are even unwilling to pay 
their promised salary, as we have discovered. Hence the ultimate ruin of the 
church is threatened, unless speedy efforts are made to save her. 

Inasmuch therefore, as such proceedings are amenable to the laws of the 
Reformed Church of Holland, by which our churches in this province for many 
years have been laudably governed, and of whose reasonableness every one is 
convinced: it becomes very necessary to preserve the same unimpaired, so that 
no door be left open to confusion. And as you now have learned the condition 
of our church, and we are assured of your zeal for the welfare of God's church, 
we doubt not but that you will take our case to heart. 

In the name and by the Order of the Consistory at Kingston. 

Peter Vas, V. D. M. ibidem. 

Dutch Church of Xew York. 

I^ew York, April 3rd, 1732. 

ConsistorY again held, after calling on God's name. It was de- 
clared tliat the Ruling Consistory and most of the congregation 
were satisfied with doniine Haeghoort's preaching. Therefore the 
Euling Consistory requested domines Du Bois and Boel to express, 
in their name, to domine Haeghoort, their pleasure and thanks for 
his services, and to promise him an appropriate i^tnrn, in due time 
for his servdce, as well as his traveling expenses; also to say that as 
far as thev were concerned, thev voted for him as regular minister 

For the proper furthering of this good work they would request 
on Thursday night, April 6th, the approval of the Great Con- 
sistory, in order thus to obtain, in an orderly manner, a voluntary 
subscription in the congregation. Do. Boel, also, as President, 
should write down the foregoing, so far as necessary, and in the 
name of the Euling Consistory, lay the same before the Great 


2574 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


Butch Chuech of ]N"ew York. 

]^ew York, April 3, 1732. 

In the forenoon, a meeting of the Ruling Consistory was held- 
After calling on the name of God, domine Boel, as Praeses, read 
the draught he had prepared, as ^ordered. It was nnanimouslj 
agreed to present it to the Great Consistory, in the name of the 
Ruling Consistory. Domine Du Bois was still out of town, but 
he subsequently approved it. 

In the afternoon, the Great Consistory met, and after calling 
on God^s name the written proposal was read, as follows : 

" By a unanimous Resolution of the Ruling Consistory on 
April 3rd, the former members are called together in Great Con- 
sistory, and informed that 

The Ruling Consistory had for a considerable time perceived 
the satisfaction of many in the congregation with the services of 
domine Haeghoort on his arrival last summer as minister for the 
Nawenzinks; that there was a great desire to hear him again, and 
see if a satisfactory call could be made upon him. The Ruling 
Consistory felt bound to satisfy this desire, and invite domine 
Haeghoort again to preach here, which he has done. 

Thereupon the Ruling Consistory related in their meetiag the 
satisfaction of many in the congregation with his services, and 
their desire to have him as their regular teacher. They also said 
the same thing for themselves, and so far as belonged to them, 
agreed upon him as a minister ia this congregation. They, there- 
fore, thought it necessary to inform the Great Consistory, and for 
the advancement of this good work obtain their voice, to learn 
whether it was also favorable to a call on domine Haeghoort, in 
order that they might use their best exertions with the congre- 
gation, and set them a good example. If this were agreed to, 
the Ruling Consistory would then request a voluntary subscrip- 
tion in the congregation for domine Haeghoort's salary, so as 
to enable them to consummate matters, with God's blessing, with 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 2575 


all possible imanimity. Or, the whole business might be left to 

the Eiiling Consistory to be executed in a regular ecclesiastical 


Hereupon the call upon domine Haeghoort was, with the excep- 
tion of Isaac Kip and Adrian Man, approved by all the members 
present: viz., of the Great Consistory: Samuel Bayard, Antony 
Rutgers, Gerrit Van Home, Johannes Yander Heul, Ab. Ketel- 
tas, Christoffel Bancker, Chs. Le Roux, Abraham Boelen, Gerrit 
Keteltas, Abrm. Lefferts, Harmanus Rutgers, Michiel Yaughtou, 
Wynand Yan Zandt. The other members of the Great Con- 
sistory were absent, detained by sickness, absence from the city 
or other necessary engagements. 

But Christoffel Bancker said that his opinion as well as that ' 
of another member, was, that they should vote again on the 
special details of the call, and then the Ruling Consistory should 
carry it out. To this, one and another assented. But Mr. Bay- 
ard and some others said that he would entrust the whole business 
to the Ruling Consistory. 

The Praeses answered, that the Ruling Consistory desired that 
nothing should be left to them, save in an orderly, ecclesiastical 
manner; so as to be able to take the voice of the Great Consistory 
upon whatever they found to be necessary. ^Nevertheless, Mr. 
Bancker persisted in his demand. He was answered, that the 
Ruling Consistory would deliberate further thereon in their 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter from Rev. (Peter) Driessen. 

1732, April 7th. Rev. Driessen, in a letter, asked for aid 
in money (money-aid, or subsidy) for the erection Of two churches 
for newly converted people. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras 
were enjoined to answer him; to praise him for his zeal, to ex- 
press a wish for a blessing upon his labors; but also to make a 

2576 Ecclesiastical Records 


request for fuller information regarding tlie churches which are 
to be built, as well as the precise purport of his request, xi. 66. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Peter Van Driessen of Albany, 
1732, April 8. xxix. 93. 'No. 19. 

Eev. Sir and Brother: — The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam has 
read jour letter of July 2, 1731, written to Messrs. Steenwinkle, 
Vander Hagen and Houdius, with your request, that we would 
make its contents known to them, as well as your several obser- 
vations. According to direction of Classis, we do ourselves the 
honor to reply. 

The Rev. Classis observes with special satisfaction your zeal 
for the extension of Christianity in that hemisphere, where you 
have undertaken the ministry of the Holy Gospel. As you re- 
joice in the number of Indians who embrace the Christian faith; 
even so we most heartily wish that it may please God to command 
upon your ministry in due time, still greater blessings, to the 
extension of Christ's Kingdom. May such as know him not, 
under the operation of his Holy Spirit, be brought to acknowl- 
edge the truth of the Gospel, and become obedient to the faith. 
May they call upon the name of the Lord, and, shoulder to 
shoulder, serve him. 

The Classis wishes that the infonuation in your letter might 
have been a little clearer, to enable them to judge more accurately 
as to the exact condition of the churches of which you make 
mention. Then we could have replied more satisfactorily to your 
letter, as to the best way of planting the Gospel there. We 
therefore request you, in the name of the Classis, to be kind 
enough to write at your earliest opportunity, a more circumstan- 
tial account, and clearly expressed, what you consider necessary 
for the further promotion of Christianity at Albany and vicinity; 

OP THE State of Xew Yoek:. 25Y7 

and how the Classis may further the establishment of churches; 
for the Classis is heartily willing to do all that is in her power. 

In expectation of such a detailed statement, we the under- 
signed Deputies of Eev. Classis of Amsterdam ad res exteras, 
remain, with our best wishes for God's gracious blessing upon 
your labors for the extension of the Church of Christ. 

Reverend Sirs, 

J. Xoordbeek, Ecc. Am. et Dep. ad res 

Ext eras, Praeses. 

Leonard Beels, Ecc. Am. et Dep. ad res 

Exteras, Scriba. 
Amsterdam, AjDril 8, 1732. 

Dutch Chuech of Xew Yokk. 

'Ne^Y York, April 12, 1732. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. Amid much 
speaking, a draught was made of detailed conditions for the call 
of domine Haeghoort as minister in this congregation, upon their 
subscription for his salary. Resolved, to take the voice of the 
former members (of Consistory) thereon, and to convoke the 
Great Consistory to-morrow afternoon at 3 o'clock. 

April 13, 1732. 

In Great Consistory. After callmg on God's name, the 
draught of the Call was detailed, article by article, and finally 
determined as follows: 

1. That domine Haeghoort's service shall statedly be 

(1) Either twice on Sunday, or once on Sunday and once in the 
week as the Ruling Consistory shall from time to time direct; and 
on festivals, according to the custom of the church. 

(2) He shall conduct the preparatory Service in the week along 
with the other ministers; also the catechising in church, the ad- 
ministration of the sacraments, and Christian discipline. 

2578 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


2. His salary^ shall be £225. yearly, besides £7. for firewood 
and £25. for house-rent, all in !N"ew York currency. 

3. (1) His salary shall begin from the day he is regularly 
dismissed from I^awenzinks, provided that his Eeverence comes 
from I^ew- York by the first opportunity to begin his service here. 

(2) Every quarter year he shall have a quarter's salary. 
As to the Congregation at J^awenzinks 

1. The (Ke^Y York) Consistory shall pay to them all the ex- 
penses of the Call of domine Haeghoort from Holland. 

2. If l^awenzinks desires to retain domine Haeghoort still some 
time in their service, the Consistory will agree to satisfy them 

It is further the unanimous conclusion of the Great Consistory 
that the subscription for the salary of domine Haeghoort be made 
under the condition, that the former subscription made in 1730 
and 1731 for the call of another minister be wholly annulled; 
and that every subscriber binds himself as soon as domine Haeg- 
hoort arrives here as our minister, to pay to the Ruling Consistory 
on their order, the half of the sum he subscribes, for the ex- 
penses of domine Haeghoort's call; and then, after every three 
months, an exact fourth part. 

For this a Heading shall be immediately made by the President. 
This was done and was presented to the Consistory April 17, and 
was approved, and is as follows: 

Subscription for domine Haeghoort's Salary. 

AYe, the imdersigned, desire the orderly calling of domine Ger- 
ardus Haeghoort from ^N'awenzinks, to the Dutch Reformed 
Church in this place; to preach twice on Sunday, or once on Sun- 
day and once during the week; and to do everything required, 
as an orthodox teacher, according to the Synod of Dort, 1618-19; 
and for his salary, £125. yearly, A\dth £7. 10s. for fire-wood, and 
£25. for house-rent, all in 'New York currency. 

Therefore, under condition that the former subscription of 
1730 and 1731 is altogether annulled, we promise, each one for 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 2579 

iiiiuself, besides what lie now pays for the salaries of domines 
Dii Bois and Boel, also to pay promptly for domine Haeghoort, 
as minister at xTew York, to the Dutch Reformed Ruling Con- 
sistory here, from time to time, or to their order, the sums herein 
annexed to our names; and also, on the arrival of domine Haeg- 
hoort here, to give immediately, the half of what we have sub- 
scribed for the expenses of the Call; and thereafter, every three 
months, the quarter of our subscription, begun here in I^ew York, 
April 17, 1732. 

These transactions as they occurred from time to time, are 
recorded in the book, in the name and by the authority of the 
Consistory, by me. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 

Dutch Chukch of Xew Yoek. 

April 12, 1732. 

John Peter Zenger* was at his own request admitted to a hear- 
ing in the Consistory. His proposal was, that since he had so 
long time played the organ without salary the Consistory should 
permit him to solicit a voluntary subscription in the congregation 
for his payment, and would themselves head the paper as an ex- 
ample to others. 

The Consistory replied that they would provisionally allow him 
the sum of £6., [N'ew York currency, for his services, to be paid 
him by the Church Masters; and that when the subscription for 
the call of domine Haeghoort was finished, they would speak with 
him further upon the subject of his going around among the 
^congregation for his salary. Whereupon, Mr. Zenger expresed 
his thanks and satisfaction to the Consistory. 

* John Peter Zenger was born in Germany in the year 1697, and arrived in New 
York in company with Johanna, his widowed mother, a brother and a sister, in the 
summer of 1710, being one of the Palatines sent out that year by Queen Anne's 
government. On the 26th of October following, being then in his thirteenth year, 
he was bound apprentice to William Bradford, Printer, for the term of eight years. 
After his time was expired he set up business on his own account, and in 1733 
began the publication of the New York Weekly Journal. It was the second news- 
paper established in the province, and being opposed to the government, was 
prosecuted and publicly burnt. Zenger himself was imprisoned. He died in 1746, 
leaving his paper to be printed by his widow. — Col. Hist. N. Y. vi. p. 80. 



2580 Ecclesiastical Records 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Consistory of Kinderliook to the Classis of Amsterdam, 

April 18, 1732. 

(Port-folio " iS^ew York '% Vol. i.) 

Highly Rev. Gentlemen and Fathers: — We, the undersigned, the Consistory of 
the true Reformed Dutch Church of Jesus Christ at Kinderhoolj, in the Province 
of New York, desire most respectfully to show your High Reverences the fol- 
lowing facts: 

Rev. Peter van Driessen of Albany, in the year 1726, was earnestly animated, 
as is known through the entire Province, to advance his brother John in his 
studies, (to fit him for the ministry.) He severely held himself to this object; 
and with his peculiar clear and forceful manner of teaching (preaching), which 
he has already exhibited for many years at Albany, he labored, year by year, 
with all zeal, in behalf of his brother. At length, he induced one of the Dutch 
ministers to request ordination for his brother from the Presbyterians of 

But now, the King's Secretary, the Honorable Robert Livingston, advised them 
that an effort should be made to secure ordination for him from the Classis 
(Association) of New Haven, which is a Province much nearer. Rev. Peter "Van 
Driessen, accordingly, sent his brother there, and recommended him for examina- 
tion. He was there ordained, receiving praiseworthy testimonials. He returned 
to the joy of all, and especially of his brother, who now hoped that his days of 
idleness were over. Mr. Livingston now desired to call John Van Driessen to labor 
on his manor. With that intent, he first requested the village of Claverack to 
call him; but it would not consent to do so, unless we of Kinderhook would unite 
with them in the call, to which we consented. Mr. Livingston now tried to 
compell us of Kinderhook and Claverack, to allow him to establish the residence 
of the minister on his manor; but to this, none of us could see our way. For 
we had ten members to one on his manor, which also is distant from us full five 
Dutch miles. We, therefore, secured by vote, that the residence of the minister 
should be at Claverack. Upon this being settled, we of Kinderhook and Claver- 
ack alone, called Rev. John "Van Driessen, because Mr. Livingston remained 
immovable in his demand about the residence. 

Rev. John Van Driessen accepted the call, and pledged himself to us as our 
regular pastor. This was done in the presence of his brother and the majority 
of our congregations, according to the Church-Order of the National Synod of 
Dort, the Heidelberg Catechism and the Netherlands Confession of Faith. He 
was subsequently installed by his brother. Rev. Peter Van Driessen, after three 
publications which were unchallenged. Since that time until the present. Rev. 
John Van Driessen, according to the desire of his brother, as well as our own 
wishes in calling him, has never failed to teach and preach only those things, 
which ought to be taught and preached in conformity with the requirements of 
the true Reformed Churches of the Netherlands, and the same as we have always 
heard from Revs. Dellius, Lydius and Peter Van Driessen. And above all, he does 
this without undue censure of others; but he first applies the truth to his own 
heart, and after that applies it to each, in due proportion. And he does this 
with such powers of persuasion, and with such penetration and living zeal, and 
performs all other pulpit duties in such a way, that he has won the general 
admiration of all his hearers. He has gained for himself a name as one of the 
best preachers in this or the neighboring provinces, and his fame is daily increas- 
ing. It is just thus also with the ministry of his brother, who excels all others 
in success and power. He has brought over one savage tribe after another to 
the Christian faith. In such a work our pastor, as well as most of the others, 
have neither opportunity nor aptitude. 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 2581 

This, Highly Rev. Gentlemen and kind-hearted Fathers, do we make known to 
you in the name of our entire congregation. Such favors as we enjoy are attrib- 
uted by others, as well as by ourselves, to the Divine mercy. We ascribe the 
guidance of our pastor to the Sovereign Lord, v\-hose hand is never shortened. It 
is even mighty to create children unto Abraham out of the very stones: to make 
Pauls out of Sauls; and to cause many Eldads and Medads to prophesy in the 
camp. Thus out of the mouths of babes and sucklings does God have perfect 
praise. For this, will all pious souls unite with us, in praising the Lord, while 
they congratulate our church. And we earnestly pray that these favors may be 

It is also a matter of wonder that the spirit of jealousy, which is so often 
excited by malignant envy, has not been able, in all these years to draw a single 
member of our Kinderhook church away from our beloved pastor. It would be 
well if Claverack could say as much. For upon some members of that church, 
although not very many, — yet upon some, this spirit has done its work, and 
made them violent, to the great distress of that congregation, as well as of our 
common pastor. The design of that kind of spirit seems to be the subversion of 
all the proper duties of Christianity. See Matt. 22; 1 Cor. 13; Phil. 2: 1-5; Jas. 5. 
Its chief endeavor is to excite troubles and rebellions in the House of the Lord; 
to play the master, everywhere employing force and tyranny. But a house 
divided against itself cannot stand. Matt. 12: 25; 1 Cor. 12: 15-27. Now such 
results ensue, because such a spirit is one of unsavory self-love; proud, and of 
insatiable greed and ambition, when others do not burn incense to it. Never- 
theless, it is itself most eager to put on a fair show to the ignorant, by the 
pretence of mere external forms; but where there is the fairest appearance there 
is often the least reality and truth. 

Accordingly, with all respect, we take the liberty to request you, High and 
Rev. Fathers, for your Christian advice, which is very wise, and for your assist- 
ance. Thus may we be preserved under the good and wholesome care of our 
beloved and revered pastor, and enjoy the blessings of peace and Christian unity. 
And we ask it also, that we may ever increase, to the glory of God's wonderful 
Name, powerful and holy as it is; and also that all souls desiring salvation may 
increase evermore in knowledge and faith, in love and sanctification. 

"We beg you to give us at the earliest opportunity your wise and Fatherly 
advice in order to strengthen us. 

And now, Rev. Gentlemen and Fathers, praying for every divine blessing upon 
yourselves, your ministry and your families, we are, 

Your ready and obedient servants in our only Savior, Jesus Christ. 
Peter Van Slyck, Elder. Cornelius Schermerhorne, Barent Van Buren, Abraham 
Van Valkenberg, Abraham Vasburg. 

Kinderhook, April 18, 1732. 
No. 6. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Correspondence from America. 

The Elders and Deacons of Poughkeepsie and FishkiU, to the 
Messrs. H. Van de Wall, J. Hagelis, L. Beels and F. Keitsma 
at Amsterdam, April 21, 23, 1732. 

(Port-folio "'Ne^Y York'', Vol. i.) 

To the Rev. Messrs H. Van de Wal, J. Hagelis, L. Beels, and F. Reitsma. 

Very Rev. Sirs: — Even as you, very Rev. Sirs, have had the goodness, and 
have taken the trouble to call and to send to us — in compliance with our power- 
of-attorney-to-call sent over to you in behalf of our congregation — the Rev. pious 
and highly-learned Mr. Cornelius van Schie; so also has he, under the protecting 


2582 Ecclesiastical E.ecokds 


guidance of the Most High, arrived safely at New York, with his wife, on Sep- 
tember 9, (O. S.) 1732. He thence came on the 30th of September, in full health 
to Poughkeepsie, and was introduced by Rev. (Gualterus) du Bois to our people 
on October 3, in the forenoon. He preached his installation-sermon in the after- 
noon of the same day, to the complete satisfaction and great joy of the entire 
congregation. Since that time, he has exercised his ministry among us faith- 
fully to our great edification. In addition to this, v/e are not able adequately to 
express what peculiar pleasure we take in his Christian walk and conversation 
among us. 

We have therefore deemed it our bounden duty — in view of God's gracious 
guidance in our behalf unto this happiness; and for the acknowledgment of your 
faithful labors in calling the Rev. van Schie, now our worthy pastor and Teacher 
to forward to you these few lines to express our gratitude, as we, indeed, do by 
these presents. The whole congregation joins us herein, professing their utmost 
obligations to you, and their sincere thankfulness, Rev. Gentlemen, in providing 
us with so able and edifying a minister. And now we pray God, that he will 
enlighten us for many years to come, by his ministry, in doctrine and in life, unto 
our edification in our holy faith, and the winning of many souls. 

With our heartfelt wishes for every blessing upon your precious persons, upon 
your distinguished ministries, and your beloved households, from God in Christ, 
we subscribe ourselves. 

Very Rev. Sirs, 

Your humble and obedient servants. 

The Elders of Poughkeepsie. 
Peter Parmentier, John Van Kleeck. 

The Deacons of Poughkeepsie. 
Myndart van NB den Bogaart, Peter van Kleeck. 


The Elders of Fishkill. 
Abraham Buys, Abraham Brinkerhof, Henry his HP markPhylps, Frank de Lange. 
Poughkeepsie, April 21, 1732. Fishkill, April 23, 1732. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Gerardus Haeghoort, to the High-Classis of Amsterdam, 

May 1, 1732. 

(Port-folio "ivTew York", Vol. i.) 

Rer. Gentlemen and Brethren in Chrlsto, Constituting the High Reverend Classis 
of Amsterdam: — 

I have, by this opportunity, the honor to make known to you my fortunate 
arrival here. I landed at New York on August 2, 1731. Subsequently I was re- 
ceived with much love in my congregation as their lawful pastor and teacher, 
according to the Act of Classis brought over by me, as well as the letter of the 
gentlemen authorized to call me. I was introduced here by Rev. du Bois, minister 
at New York, and subsequently ecclesiastically installed by him. 

As to the state of my congregation: I found this to be in a very distressful 
condition. This was not only because many had become almost wholly English, 
and had thus become estranged from the Dutch Reformed Church, of which I have 
dally experience with the injurious consequences thereof; and to which the lack 
of Dutch schools has largely contributed:— But also, particularly, because there 
still exists a distressing division and schism, occasioned by the preaching of Rev. 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2583 

IPrilinghuysen, minister at Raritan. His preaching at several times and places 
about here, has caused manj' to separate from this congregation, so that they 
were not willing to unite in the call of a minister from Holland. Of all this the 
Classis has been more fully informed in an extended recital sent to the Classis 
by the consistory of the Navesinks, in their power of attorney, sent to the 
Messrs. van de Wal, Vos, Beels, and Reitsma. I am therefore greatly surprised 
that not one of the gentlemen authorized to call me, nor one of the Classis, told 
me anything about these troubles. It is true, indeed, that Rev. (Joseph) Morgan 
does not belong to your Classical Assembly. 

Now when this congregation wrote for a minister, and, at the same time, put 
itself in subordination to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, it seems to me that it 
would have been much more Christian and fraternal, if the Classis had informed 
their minister, who was about to go over to them, of all the facts in the case; 
and if they had strengthened him, giving him their wise advice and aid how to 
conduct himself in a congregation all in confusion, and scattered over a wide 
territory. This was also the express request of the Consistory of the Navesinks 
when they made themselves subordinate to the Classis, and explained the state 
of their church. What might have been the cause of this lack of attention to 
this matter, by the Classis, or what gave occasion to such conduct, I cannot sur- 
mise. But although I cannot help wondering why you did not aid me with your 
experienced advice, yet to my joy, your wish has been fulfilled. For the Lord has 
been pleased so to bless my ministry here to such a degree, that those who have 
separated have come back, little by little, and have united themselves once more 
with the church. 

It is this Rev. Brethren which I desire to communicate to you; not only in 
fulfillment of my promise, that I would correspond with the Rev. Classis, but also 
in consideration of your complaint of ignorance regarding the state of the church 
here. If that complaint was a just one, I leave you to judge for yourselves. 

Accordingly, do not regard these lines as written with any other object than 
to fulfill my promise and to obey your request. In this, I could not avoid men- 
tioning the names and affairs of others, as necessarily belonging to the state of 
my church; especially since I keep myself totally out of the Raritan affair. In 
so far as it touches my congregation, I manage it upon an entirely different basis. 
I do not pry into their affairs. 

As regards the further condition of my church: The members of the two 
congregations together are only a little more than a hundred. But there is not 
lacking a great number of adults and youth, who may become members. There- 
fore you can see that there is much to be done by a young minister, especially 
.as there are here all sorts of sects, and a commingling of all kinds of hurtful and 
isoul-destroyiuff opinions. 

Having at present nothing more to communicate, I herewith break off. I pray 
that the All-sufl5cient God may cause your persons, families and sacred minis- 
tries to overflow with all prosperity and real blessing. 

I am, and will always prove myself to be. Rev. Sirs and Brethren in Christo, 
Your obedient and ready servant, 

Gerard Haeghoort. 
Freehold, May 1, 1732. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The (Seceded) Consistory of Raritan, (the Complainants) to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, May 4, 1732. 

(Port-folio "Xew York", Vol. i. Extracts in YoL xxii. 219.) 

To the High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: 

Reverend, Pious, and Highly-Learned Gentlemen, Fathers and Brethren in Christ 
Jesus:— Your High Revs, much esteemed lines of May 8, 1731, sent per Rev. 


2584 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


Haeghoort, were duly received. From them we with pleasure perceive that you 
are, at length assured of our regard for your ecclesiastical authority; and that you 
recognize, from our letter with the enclosures, that we are seeking nothing else 
than a righteous peace for the Church. We also thankfully accept your High 
Revs, well-founded decision, releasing us from the ban, and nullifying the same; 
and your wish that we and ours may properly enjoy the Lord's Supper among 
ourselves; as well as your fatherly admonition to make a right use of this, your 
decision. We also thankfully acknowledge your exhortation to seek anew, peace 
and reunion with Rev. Frilinghuysen and his followers; yet that we are not to do 
this by consenting to his errors, and the mistakes which have been introduced by 
him; but that we are to cooperate to ward them off, and to rescue the Church 
from its decline, and to restore it to its purity in harmony with the Dutch Re- 
formed Church Order; and that you also have recommended the same things to 
Rev. Frilinghuysen, etc. 

Vv"e accordingly sent the letter and enclosures — Letter A; and their verbatim 
reply in writing — Letter B. Upon this we commented substantially as follows: 
That what concerned them and us mutually, in your letter to us, had been already 
communicated to them verbally; that their reply consisted only of exceptions to 
certain appearances, suppositions, and demands already discussed to a finish in the 
letters of the year 1729, which were sent to you in 1730 among the enclosures, and 
accepted by you; that their resolution in this letter, marked " Letter B," was only 
a pretence, and that thereby their object was to be seen. Therefore it was the less 
necessary (for them?) to communicate to us your entire letter; for thereby some 
new postponement of theirs was all the more to be feared, together with addi- 
tional exceptions, suppositions and imaginations of theirs, all to our prolonged 

It was therefore thought best to answer their letter very briefly in order not to 
get disputing anew, and thus still further to delay the peace. 

It seemed therefore very important to present to them in writing the Peace- 
Articles as suggested in your letters. This, however, took time; for we had a 
similar paper signed by our adherents, in behalf of a general peace. Then these 
Peace-Articles were delivered to Rev. Frilinghuysen and his Consistory, as per 
enclosures — Letter C. Therein the first two articles are what you wrote to us. 
The third, fourth and fifth Articles, were deemed necessary also, besides the 
reasons which are mentioned in them, for the following reasons: 

1. Because most of the members of Rev. Frilinghuysen's Consistory have re- 
mained in oflace since the Citations were first issued (1723); or have become Elders 
from Deacons. But this is opposed to the accepted Church-Order. (?) It is so 
done, however, because they will not entrust the office to others who are not 
against us. 

2. (The additional Articles were added) in order that, if the principal opponents 
on either side would resign their offices, and an equal number be chosen from each 
side as members of a new Consistory, then in accordance with the purpose of the 
Classis, such a Consistory could act more harmoniously for the establishment of 
the general peace; and to such a Consistory, the proper submission of all would 
be more readily and cheerfully given. 

3. (And the additional Articles were added) that to such a change, their dis- 
position toward true peace might appear; but if they do not consent to it, that then 
the Classis may judge whether they do not seek to keep up the old quarrel, and 
whether we have not done everything rightly, with all our hearts. 

The Sixth Article, besides that which is evident therein, seemed to us also just, 
in that it mentioned all the Dutch Preachers, or at least five of them (as referees): 
This was done (1) In order thus to prevent new alienations among the ministers, 
and also to get them all into one United Body in the general service of the Church, 
and under the Classis. — (2) In order that everything, now through so long series 
of years, fallen with decay, might the better be restored and maintained according 
to the Dutch Church-Order. — (3) Because, If not all, certainly most of the churches 
here, have suffered from this general decline of the Church. This also further 
justifies the Seventh Article. The Eighth then followed from what is presented 

OF THE State of ^ew Yoke. 2585 

in the Sixth; forasmuch as much effort was made last year to receive Rev. Friling- 
huysen back again into fraternal relations, among the offended ministers. But the 
answer was, that he must first obey the utterances of Classis. From this it appears 
that thi3 is the proper M'ay to peace. Inasmuch as this now appears to be the 
proper time, we ask in the Eighth Article, that you would take this matter also 
into serious consideration. 

The rest which is found in this our Peace-Letter (Letter C.) we trust will also 
convince you that the whole plan is well calculated toward establishing a general 
peace. But whether we have succeeded or not in making it easy in this way to 
establish and whether our reasons are sound, we leave submissively to your 
sanctified judgement, as our competent judges. 

Now to this our Peace-Letter, we were expectmg from Rev. Frilinghuysen and 
his party a favorable answer; and especially because, on reading it, he declared to 
more than one, his complete satisfaction with it. But his Consistory may have 
afterward decided, with him, to send this reply to you, of which we also send you 
a written copy; (Letter D.) 

In their First Article you will see how they still keep up their contention against 
us, which as already said above, was disputed to a finish, in 1729 and 1730. 

The simplicity of their Second Article, wholly outside of our dispute, exhibits 
itself so clearly that we deem It unnecessary to make any further comment on it. 
Their Third and Fourth Articles against us, have had the force taken out of them 
in advance, in our Third and Fourth Articles, above. 

As to their Fifth Article: In this they themselves acknowledge that (Rev. 
Gilbert) Tennent is an English dissenter; that they have let him preach, by per- 
mission as they call it, in that one of our churches which is at the beginning of 
Three Mile Run, on the waterside, (New Brunswick?) according to our previous 
letter to you. But this has been allowed also in two other of our churches, in 
whose vicinity there is not generally any English congregation; as at Old Raritau, 
which v.jis mentioned before in connection with the closing of the Church in our 
preceding letter; and in the church at Six Mile Run, when this was still standing; 
and he thus preached, as a secundus (colleague?) of Rev. Frilinghuysen. Our reply 
to him of June 10, 1729, shows this more clearly. Thus is he equally for the 
Dutch and the English. Against their charge that some of us helped to call 
Tennent, the written declarations under the Letters E. and F. will serve. 

That they add in these, their Articles " we wish to be preserved from persecut- 
ing English Presbyterians etc." — indicates how they construe the Classical de- 
liverance, and prayer to restore everything on the old footing, even in the matter 
of this English business. But how, then, can they resolve — for they profess to 
wish to do this — to continue with English dissenters in our Dutch churches? 
Thus they show that they do not care for that greater decline which the Classis 
fears therefrom. But then, they are of a different opinion (from the Classis.) 

Against our Sixth Article, which has been justified by us in its whole extent, 
their Sixth Article appears too ambiguous, to show that they are in favor of the 
right. Certainly they are not in favor of submission, so as to remove that English 
dissenter, and to take away from our churches other errors that have come in; but 
such a course is in conflict with their previous expressed desire, as well as against 
your wishes. 

The Seventh Article leaves us in the dark, and is against the Dutch Church- 
Order. That the Classis, however, took pleasure therein as against our Seventh 
Article, is their language. But if this is so, then all orthodox Dutch Consistories 
are condemned, when they accept of members on lawful church-certificates, (with- 
out re-examination of the person). But therein, again, is shown no disposition 
toward peace with the other churches, on the part of Rev. Frilinghuysen and his 

According to their Eighth Article, their harmony is to be only " with the other 
churches." This, then, is not according to our fairly indicated and distinct request 
in our Eighth Article, which includes the other Dutch " preachers " as well as 
the " congregations." But that part relating to the " ministers " they entirely 
ignore, no matter how greatly necessary it may be for the peace of the other 
Dutch Churches, and fellowship with them all; as well as the continued existence 
of the church at Raritan. They show that they are not in favor of this, since they 
are unwilling to promise that their newly elected Consistory, from time to time 


2586 Ecclesiastical Records 


should sign these Peace-Articles, And although this was requested and ui'ged ir 
our Article, they pass it entirely by. Their request for a personal conference wit!! 
us, we cannot grant them: 

(1) Because of their readiness at twisting words into slanders against us, with- 
out the least reason for so doing, as witness their Article Fifth. In that, they say 
that some of us helped to call Tennent. But compare this with our explanation: 
under Letters E. and F. 

(2) Because they yet show themselves to be far from submissive to the Classis^ 
and in no sense, in favor of truth and peace with all the other orthodox Dutch 
Reformed Ministers and Churches in this land. But without this we cannot unite 
ourselves with them. For they will keep on in their old way, of taking back with, 
one hand what they give with the other. 

(3) Because they yet declare that it is certain that Classis will not be able te- 
require any more concessions from them. Thus they hope to have all their 
Articles, in Letter D. considered as approved by Classis. Therefore our conference- 
with them for any modification would be quite in vain. 

In response, then, to all our previous presentations, and the one which we now 
again make, we know of no more reasonable hope, nor better founded expectation 
in this business, than that the Classis should be pleased to grant our request for 
permission to call a minister for ourselves, together with Millstone, (nor Harlingen)v 
and we want Classis to note well, to this end, our submissive reasons therefor. 
They are these: 

That we belong to a particular church but we have been excluded therefrom in 
such manner as is well-known. And it further appears that this particular church, 
against the whole tenor of your express Classical deliverances persists in keeping us 
excluded. Have not reconciliation and peace been fully sought on our part, in 
compliance with your deliverances? And, on the other hand, does not that par- 
ticular Church appear as resolved to persist in their disobedience? And must it be 
allowed thus to continue, while we are left to languish? Must we be left still 
longer without the enjoyment of an orthodox minister of our own? Do not the 
perilous consequences of keeping us in this condition still longer, appear, from all 
that has been indicated heretofore and now? 

And in opposition to those who keep up such sad and injurious schisms, is it 
not absolutely necessary for us to have a new minister? not to constitute a new 
congregation in their midst, but to restore among tis our own old Dutch Reformed 
Church. This should be done in opposition to that particular church, constituted, 
and obstinately maintained by Rev. Frilinghuysen and his party, in the manner 
which is well known and in opposition to the strengthening of said church, by 
means of an English Dissenter, as a new minister in connection with Rev. Friling- 
huysen, as they say — "By permission." We wish to be preserved from these 
opposing conditions. For they continue to exist, notwithstanding your writing that 
the admission of English Dissenters in this way, into our church, is at variance 
with the ministers' pledges; with the accepted Formulae of Concord, and is there- 
fore in conflict with their duty; that it also makes you apprehensive and ex- 
pectant of further decline in the Church; although you request, counsel, admonish 
and beg them, very kindly and earnestly, to remedy this matter, by putting things 
on the old footing, etc., etc. 

Now it is plainly to be seen to what kind of people you have made these repre- 
sentations. For they yet publicly boast that we shall never get. a minister from 
you, unless we first reconcile ourselves with them. And they think, however 
much contrary to your wishes, that they shall, by means of their persistent 
evasions, remain, through you, our masters, although we are so humbly sub- 
missive to you. Yea, also, either because of the still continuing insanity (delirium 
in sickness?) of Mr. Frilinghuysen, or because he may, sooner or later die, they 
think they further see a chance to seek a call independently of you. For instance 
they hope to find help for this from Rev. Santdvord. 

We beseech you then, by all means, having full proof of where the fault lies, to 
give your consent, and end our mournful perplexitj'. Permit us to call a useful and 
good minister; one that will unite with us harmoniously in all the service. Then» 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 2687 

this lamentable church-decline may be checked, and a remedy found; the moderate 
ones may be won back, etc., etc., according to our previous letter. Do this in our 
behalf, that we may no longer be compelled to seek the enjoyment of the Sacred 
Covenant Seals elsewhere, outside of our own churches, while we are forced to 
witness in our own Raritan churches, the bitter treatment of self-opinionated per- 
sons, and to let such people go on in spite of you. For now, by your orders we 
must sit still. 

From both these causes, operating now for many years in succession, the decline 
of the Dutch Church, however much apprehended by you, is still more feared by 
us. We fear that it will become altogether irreparable. The admission of English 
Dissenters into our churches has already had most perilous consequences in other 
Dutch churches as well as ours. It comes from the making of calls upon those 
who have received ordination from Independents, etc., etc. This you may judge 
for yourselves, from the written declarations on this subject from other quarters. 
In reply to your request for further information as to how matters stand with 
this English Dissenter (Gilbert Tennent) we reply: That this information appears 
from our previous letter to you, viz., that he preaches (in our churches) in the 
English language; and such information further appears from the paper enclosed. 
(Letter D. Art. 5). This says that he is an English Dissenter, and also indicates 
fully his collusion (zamenspan) with Rev. Frelinghuysen and his Consistory; so that 
he does not scruple to express the wish to be preserved even unto a remarriage 
(wedertrouw) with him by ecclesiastical act, in order to protect him in the per- 
formance of worship in our churches. During these conjoint services of him and 
Frelinghuysen, he administers the Covenant Seals, mingling the English and Dutch 
languages with such other in the worship. Rev. Frelinghuysen preaches and 
Tennent prays and baptizes; and then together they administer the Holy Sup'per. 
All this is in further proof that he (Tennent) is a secundus (colleague). Now if 
those who belong in Dutch churches persist iu employing English Dissenters, they 
depart from the Holland Church-Order and Liturgy; for these belong to the Dutch 
alone; and certainly they are nowhere in use among the English over here. We 
must, therefore, be careful to keep things in the Dutch way, in our churches, even 
as you also request and advise us, yea, admonish and beseech us. We have not, 
therefore, complained to you concerning that English Dissenter because of any 
departure from the pure administration of the Covenant Seals; but because of his 
departure from the Holland manner of administering these Holy Covenant Seals; 
and concerning the administration of them, according to his own self-opinionated 
ways; for he is a stranger among us. This was once the opinion of Rev. Friling- 
• huysen knd his Consistory; and therefore it was only " permitted " in their 
churches. Just so. Rev. Frelinghuysen, in his letter to us of the year 1729, which 
you have from us, declared therein that he would neither " grant nor permit " 
Rev. Koens to serve in his churches, because Rev. Koens was not of his way of 

We trust that English Dissenters, in collusion with Rev. Frilinghuysen and his 
Consistory, are now pi'etty well understood by you, from our letters and enclosures, 
as well as from other sources. You will now have sufficient light, as to what they 
are to be able to deliberate wisely on the subject. We cannot make mention of 
any further details about Tennent's services, nor further answer your letter of 
:May 8, 1731, because we do not attend those services lest we should excite some 
new charges, from our opponents, against us. We have already been slandered for 
having given aid in calling him; and should we now attend his services, we should 
again be slandered as grantors of our churches for said services. Therefore we had 
to stay away from them, and cannot give you any further particulars. 

You desire also to know just what had happened in connection with the skipper 
Goelet; and the proofs of Rev. Frelinghuysen's instigations of friends, and of other- 
things, that you might render a final decision. This has been sufficiently complied 
with in a previous answer. Therefore we hope that henceforth your Revs, will 
keep still about it I 

Thus then, our case against Rev. Frelinghuysen and others has been fully pre- 
sented, and is this: That English Dissenters have lately undertaken to perform 
services in our churches: for independently of this fact, we allow the matter to 
stand on its own merits: — but we present this for the better conviction of your 
Revs., and for our — bygevoegd(?) 


2588 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


Since, therefore, we have tried to our utmost to satisfy you in everything in a 
reasonable manner, we once more make most humbly our fervent request for a 
fiual deliverance by you on this business, and for your speedy permission to call a 
minister, as per our letter of authorization, in conjunction with Millstone, (now 
Harlingen.) We have communicated with the people of Millstone, as you requested, 
the Classical communication regarding that call. 

As in our previous letter, with the heartiest wishes for the best welfare of your 
precious persons, your Sacred Ministries, and your families, and with all dutiful 
reverence and esteem, with the hope of speedy help, we remain, 

High Rev. Sirs, Fathers and Brethren, in Christ, Your humble and faithful 
servants, and humble petitioners for the Church, — The Representatives of the 
Complainants. In the name of all, 

Simon Wyckof. 
Henry Vroom. 
New York, May 4, 1732.* 

Declaration of Henry Vroom, for himself; and of Simon Wyckoff 
and Henry Vroom, for themselves and the Complainants, gen- 
erally, as to their not paying any salary to Rev. Gilbert Ten- 
nent. (1732.) 

Enclosure with the letter of the riaritan Comphiinants To the 
Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter E. 

In reply to the assertion that some of us helped to call that English dissenter, 
(Rev. Gilbert Tennent,) wherewith, as I understand it, they mean me, the under- 
signed, Simon Wyckhof: therefore I do hereby testify how the matter stands, so 
far as I am concerned. 

About five years ago, (1727) being at New Brunswick, two Englishmen came to 
me. They did not belong to the Dutch Church. Their names are William Coks 
(Cox) and Daniel Hutsisson, (Hutchinson). These asked me if I wished to eon- 
tribute anything to the support of the services of one Gabriel (Gilbert?) Tennent, 
later known in our documents under the name of the English dissenter; for they 
assured us that their English Presbyterian Church (near Freehold) was very feeble. 
Thereupon, I answered, I will do you this favor this once, but I will not con- 
tribute to his call annually; and now, I will only subscribe ten shillings for this 
year. For it is a custom in this country, that one should donate something extra, 
out of good will, to one's pastor. So at the end of the year I gave them the ten 
shillings without ever having mixed myself up, either directly or indirectly, with 
anybody who had called him; neither did I at all either sign his call, or sign his 
salary list. 

For the stronger confirmation that all the above is truth: I declare upon my 
church-membership that this is so. Given under my hand. 

Simon Wyckhof. 

At New York, May 4th, 1732. 

(Port-folio '' -New York ", Vol. i.) 

Letter H. 

What happened to me regarding the solicitation for some support, for Rev. 
Tennent, consists of the following: 

About five years ago, (1727), Dr. Daniel Hitsisson (Hutchinson) came to me, 
saying, there is now an English preacher here of your persuasion: Do you wish 

[* Compare this letter with that of the same persons of Feb. 7, 1732.] 

OF THE State of !Xew Yoek. 2589 

to give me anything for his salary? I asked him where he would preach. He said 
in Court's barn. This was the place where Rev. Frilinghuysen preached at that 
time. I asked him whether he was going to preach under the auspices of Rev. 
Frelinghuysen's Consistory? He said, I do not know. I asked him then, if 
Rev. Frilinghuysen had given him the privilege of preaching in the same place 
where he preached? He answered, I think so. Then I said, I want nothing to do 
with him. Thereupon, he went away. 

Some time after, I asked Dr. Hitsisson (Hutchinson) how he liked his English 
minister. His reply was: He does not always suit me. I have nothing to do 
with him. 

Henry Vroom, 

Both of us have also been assured by Peter du Mont and Daniel Sebring, sepa- 
rately, that neither of them, have ever been solicited for any salary for Rev. 

Indeed, we know not that any of those belonging to us, the Complainants, have 
given anything towards the salary of Rev, Tennent. And we do not doubt any 
of them. 

Simon Wyckof, 
Henry Vroom. 

All this, which is in these documents to be found took place according to these 
declarations, in our presence. 

G. Du Bois, V. Antonides, Henry Boel. 
At New York, May 4, 1732. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter to Eev. (Peter) Dr lessen. 

1732, May 5tli. A letter was read by the Eev. Deputati ad 
res Exteras, written to Eev. Driessen, in reply to his letter to the 
Classis mentioned in the Acta of the preceding Classis. xi. 67. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Cornelius Van Schie, of Ponghkeepsie, to Messrs. Van de 
"Wall, Beels, etc., Amsterdam. May 7, 1732. (O. S.) 

(Portfolio " ^ew York '', Vol. i.) 

Addressed: To the Reverend, Pious and Highly-Learned Mr. Leonard Beels, 
Minister of the Gospel, on the Keizers-gracht, between the Reguliers Gracht 
and the Utrecht Street, at Amsterdam, Holland. 

By friends. May God guide them, (met vriende, welkers Leydsman Godt zy!) 

Poughkeepsie, in Dutchess County. 
May 7, 1732, O. S. 

To the Rev. Messrs. Herman Van den Wal, Job Hagelis, L. Beels, and T. Rietsma: 
Very Reverend Sirs: — After thanking you once more for the favor shown me in 
the call which you made on me, I take the liberty, according to my promise, to 
inform you as to what I have found and experienced here on my arrival. After a 
voyage of eleven or twelve weeks, we arrived at New York, on September 9, of 


2590 Ecclesiastical Records 


last year (1731) in reasonably good health. On the 30th of the same month, in the 
company of the Rev. (Gualterus) Du Bois, we were received at Poughkeepsie. We 
were welcomed, after the manner of the people there in such a way as surely no 
preacher ever before experienced. Thereupon did Rev. Du Boys and I do our best 
to bring about and to place everything in respect to ecclesiastical matters, in the 
proper order, and upon a good footing. On October 3rd Rev. Du Bois installed me 
in my office, and I entered upon my duties that same day in the afternoon. He 
preached on Psalm 103 : 17: " But the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to 
everlasting, upon them that fear Him, and His righteousness unto children's chil- 
dren." And my text was Ooloss. 4 : 2, 3, & 4: " Continue in prayer, and watch in 
the same with thanksgiving: witha! praying also for us, that God would open to 
us a door of utterance, to speak the mystery of Christ, etc., etc." I have further- 
more, endeavored to perform my services here as well as the Lord's gifts 
permit me. 

As to our sea-voyage, it went reasonably well, inasmuch as we had a good, 
honest, and every way decent man for our captain. This was all the more pleasant 
for us, as we found ourselves in the company of an insufferable passenger. As to 
our stay or visit at New York — I was there with my wife at the house of Rev. 
(Gualterusj Du Bois, for whom I preached twice. At that time, also, there were 
very few homes free from smallpox, of which disease, a large number of people 
died. But notwithstanding this epidemic prevailed the entire winter, and does 
also to this day in my place; nevertheless, thank God, I have so far remained free 
from it. As to this district of country — Rev. (Gualterus) du Bois last autumn 
sent such a circumstantial and elaborate description of it, to the Very Rev. Mr. L. 
Beels, that I can neither add to, nor take from it. I only want to say, that it is 
not Holland by any means. And although a pound here is equivalent to eight 
Holland guilders, (three dollars and twenty cents then; now twelve guilders, or 
four dollars and eighty cents), these eight guilders equal no more than six guilders 
in Holland. For money is very scarce here, aud therefore worth more than in 
Holland. Excepting food and drink, everything here is almost as dear again as in 
Holland, and some things actually twice as dear. A preacher here, moreover, by 
much horse-back riding, and otherwise wears out more clothes and other articles, 
than in Holland, and ou that account needs more for his support. 

Regarding my places in particular: they are as much as three good hours from 
each other; and every other Sunday I must ride that distance, thither and back, 
through the woods and along steep paths. Many people here were born, and grew 
up, in the woods, and know little of anything else except what belongs to farming. 
Indeed it can hardly be believed what trouble and toil a minister has, to introduce 
any civility into these places where there never has been a minister before. For 
many people here are like the wild horses of the woods which have never yet been 
broken, and which will not allow the bit to be placed in their mouth till after 
some time. Nevertheless we ought to thank God that, although most of these 
people can neither read nor write, yet most of them have so much respect for God 
and His Word, that when one smites them with the sword of God's Word, they 
willingly submit. And although some are refractory, yet this is only because they 
are convicted by God's truth. Thus they get some desire for God and Religion. 
Indeed, some would carry a minister, if it were possible, on their hands. But this 
helps me, to some degree, in certain lines of thought in connection with certain 
heedless persons. I cannot convince these, if they take a stand against me. But, 
inasmuch as they have sought after me with certain promises, in reference to my 
choice of a dwelling place; and because I, against all right and fairness, according 
to these unwilling ones, have followed my own wishes, a privilege granted me in 
my call, in choosing my place of abode, without letting myself be bribed by gifts 
or donations; these, I say, are a little jealous on that account. 

Finally, in reference to a good school master: Although one is very much needed 
in each of my charges, yet the churches are not yet in a condition to call one. But 
I live in the hope that when the churches, which are yet young and only newly 
organized, have grown somewhat, in the course of time, that they will then make 
provision; for there is a good enough chance for this in this congregation. The 
people are now busy building my house. Also my labors have been so blessed by 
God, thus far, that in each place the number of the members has fairly increased, 
■considering the time I have been here. 

This is what I had to communicate to you. I know of nothing else to write 

OF THE State or ]^ew Yoek. 2591 

about, excepting tills. In my opinion, it would tend very much to the welfare of 
the church in fhis land, if the preachers, under your watchful and providing care, 
were served with an order to arrange a sort of Classis among themselves; in order 
thus, under your advice, to guard against all irregularities in the churches, etc. 

Further I commend you to the protection of the Most High, and will always 
pray God to make you. Rev. Sirs, as well as ourselves, more worthy to be his 
instruments to break down more entirely the kingdom of Satan, and to build up 
more completely the kingdom of the Son of God's love. I subscribe myself. 

Very Reverend Sirs, 

Your obedient and obliged servant, and fellow laborer in Christ Jesus. 

Cornelius Van Schie. 

P. S. I request the cordial presentation of my service to the Very Rev. Van Son, 
Haring, Runey (?), and van der Karst of Leyden; and to all the other ministers of 

(This letter is written in an exceedingly small hand, on one small sheet of paper.) 

Trinity Church, ISTew York. 

Trinity Cliurch to the Society for Propagating the Gospel, 

May 1732. 

New York, May, 1732. 

Rev. Sir: We, the Rector, Church Wardens, and Vestry of Trinity Church in 
this city, beg leave to acquaint you, the Reverend Mr. Charlton communicated to 
us your Letter of the thirteenth of December last, by which we are Informed that 
the Society have been pleased to condescend to our joint request in appointing him 
Catechist, in the room of Mr. Colgan; and by your favour of the twenty-fourth of 
February following, you are pleased to acquaint us that that Venerable Body, in 
regard to our Recommendation, have been favourably pleased to appoint Mr. 
Thomas Noxon to succeed Mr. Huddlestone as schoolmaster, and to order a 
gratuity of Twenty pounds to Mrs. Huddlestone; for all which favours, we readily 
embrace this first opportunity of returning our most humble and hearty thanks to 
the Honorable Society, and beg leave to assure them we shall not only be very 
cautious in our recommendations, but likewise, upon all occasions in our power, 
endeavour to encourage and further their pious intentions, and pursuant to their 
commands signified in your said letter, we hereby certify, that the said Wm. Noxon 
began to teach school on the twenty-second day of April last, and we have ap- 
pointed the Rector, Church Wardens, and some of the Vestry a Committee, to 
visit the said school from time to time, as occasion shall require, to certify the 
number of scholars, management, and progress thereof, who have this day visited 
his school, and found in it upwards of forty poor children under his Instruction. 
All which we desire you to acquaint the Honorable Society of, which, with our 
sincere prayers to Almighty God for their prosperity and happiness, concludes us 
both their and your much obliged and most obedient servants. 

Which was approved of and signed. 

Mr. Noxon, at the time he received the appointment as Schoolmaster of the 
Society, had been eighteen years a member of the Vestry. The discharge of his 
various duties, therefore, being too laborious for him, he informed the Board, that 
by reason of his being advanced in years, he was desirous to surrender his Office 
as Clerk of the Church, provided the Vestry would be pleased to continue him 
therein untill the 19th day of October next, at which time his Year would be 
compleat and Expire. And Mr. Man, who Officiated in setting and singing Psalms, 
having declared his willingness and consent to continue the same under Mr. Noxon, 
upon his being paid half the salary allowed Mr. Noxon, according to their agree- 
ment, until that time, the said proposal was agreed to by this Board. 

It was ordered, the Church Wardens should pay to Mr. Noxon a year's salary 
which was due to him; and that they should pay unto the said Mr. Man three 
pounds for half a Year's service under Mr. Noxon, at the request of the Church 
Wardens.— Berrian's History of Trinity Church, New York, pp. 51, 52. 



2592 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

The Consistory of Raritan to the Complainants. May 10, 1732. 

(Portfolio '' :N^ew York ", Vol. i.) 

Sirs:— We had intended, as you may have gathered from our last letter to you. 
to have no further correspondence with you, in regard to our disputes. Neverthe- 
less, because you misunderstood or mistook the sense of the said letter, as we have- 
learned, thinking that we demanded anew, a confession of guilt from you, and, 
therefore, were not in favor of peace, which of course is not the case; therefore, 
we deemed it proper to better inform you, by this brief writing. "We declare hereby 
that we are earnestly in favor of truth and peace. To this end, we have employed 
many means, as well as the Peace-Proposals of the Rev. Classis, as you well 
know; and we have diligently sought to follow these out, but hitherto without 
fruit. Now notwithstanding this, and realizing the importance of peace, we make 
a proposition to you once more in this manner: We ask you, if you will join with 
us and submit this whole affair to four neighboring ministers, namely. Rev. Free- 
man, Rev. Sautfoort, Rev. Curtenius and Rev. Agoort (Haeghoort); and that each 
side is to bind itself to abide by their verdict in regard to us. If you will agree 
to this, let us know it at the first opportunity. 

May the God of peace incline all of our hearts to true peace. 

By the Rev. Consistory. In the name of all, 

Joris van Niest 
Andrew Ten Eyck. 
Raritan, May 10, 1732. 


12, 1732. (ISTot found.) 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

ISTew !N'etherland. 

1732, July 7th. Two letters have arrived; one from Rev. 
Haagoort, and the other from Rev. van Schie, both of [N'ew E'ether- 
land. Therein they make knovai their arrival and the condition 
of their churches. To these replies shall be made by the Rev. 
Deputati ad res Exteras. xi. 72. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 


1732, July 7th. A reply came in from the disaffected members 
at Raritan; also from the Consistory there, in regard to the mat- 
ters mentioned in the Acta of April 2, 1731. Classis requested 

OF THE State of ^N'ew Yoek. 2593 

Its Depiitati ad res Exteras to examine this affair carefully, and 
to fiirnisli it with a report (pre-advice). xi. Y2. 

Two letters came in; one from Kingston, from Eev. Peter Yas; 
and one from Rev. Erickzon. In them they make requests that 
this Assembly would furnish them extracts from its Acta, by 
which it will appear that John van Driessen made himseK guilty 
of forging two false certificates. The request was granted, and 
the extracts will be sent to them by the Rev. Deputati. xi. 72, 73. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Gerard Haeghoort, Pastor 
at Freehold, K J. July 1732. xxix. 96. Xo. 20. 

Reverend Sir and Brother in Christ:— We have learned with great joy, from your 
letter, that you and your family arrived safely in New Netherland, and were re- 
ceived by the congregation at Freehold with open arms and with great joy. God 
make you faithful in the work of the ministry. May he give you wisdom and 
courage to labor with all boldness, even though some refuse the truth and would 
disturb the peace. May you be found able not only to teach, but even to endure 
evils, with meekness instructing those that oppose themselves. May the Lord 
prosper your ministry, to the gathering in of such as have hitherto been ignorant 
of the Gospel, or disobedient to it. May even such learn to call upon the name 
of the Lord, and serve him with his saints, shoulder to shoulder. Then may you 
hereafter appear with confidence in the presence of the Lord, saying, Behold me 
4ind the children whom thou hast given me. 

We cannot conceal our astonishment at certain expressions in your letter, as if 
we had known of certain contentions which you have found in the church to 
which Divine Providence has brought you. If we had had the least knowledge of 
them we would not have failed to inform you when you received your appointment 
to Freehold, that you might have better known how to conduct yourself in regard 
to them. But we knew nothing about them. We knew there was some restless- 
ness and dissatisfaction in the congregation of Rev. Frelinghuysen, but supposed 
it was limited. We had no idea of the extensiveness of his influence. We had 
never even guessed that the people of Freehold were disquieted thereby. We hope 
that you, who already assure us that matters have quieted down in your congrega- 
tion, will endeavor with all prudence to heal the divisions which yet remain; that 
you will soothe the excited feelings, so that with a united people, you may do 
your work with joy and not with grief. We trust we may be assured of this by 
your future letters. We expect you to give us accurate and detailed knowledge of 
your own congregations as well as of the neighboring ones. In everything we will 
not fail to assist you with our counsel and deeds, as far as may be possible. With 
our assurances of brotherly affection, we remain, with our best wishes for God's 
most precious blessings upon you. 
Reverend Sir, 

In the name of all, 

J. Noordbeek, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. ad res Exteras, Praeses. 
Leonard Beels, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. ad res Exteras, Scrlba. 
Amsterdam, July, 1732. 


2594 Ecclesiastical Records 


Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Cornelins Van Schie, Pastor at 
Poughkeepsie, etc. July 1732. xxix. 97. iSTo. 21. 

Reverend Sir and Brother in Christ:— We received your letter of May 7th, of this 
year, and joyfully learned therefrom of your safe arrival in New Netherland, and 
that you are now among your congregation at Poughkeepsie. May the good Lord 
make you there a blessed instrument for the advancement of the Kingdom of 
Jesus Christ. May many who live there submit themselves to him, in obedience to 
the faith; and thus may you find abundant reason of thankfulness to God for his 
blessing on your labors in that strange country. We hope that your congregation 
will soon feel itself able to appoint schoolmasters, in at least one of your charges, 
for the instruction of the youth. This is a matter of the utmost importance. In 
our judgment it will be well for you, and for the best interests of the churches in 
New Netherland, to co-operate with your brother ministers already there. With 
united forces you may more readily promote the growth of the Church. Thus also 
will all things be done with order and in harmony. As we receive information 
thereof, we will not fail to assist you all, as far as is possible to us, with counsel 
and deeds, and thus contribute our share towards the welfare of the churches in 
America, which you are seeking to edify by your ministry. We close with our 
best wishes for all grace and blessing on yourself and service, unto the increase 
of Zion. 

With all affection, 

J. Noordbeek, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. ad res Exteras, Praeses. 

Leonard Beels, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. ad res Exteras, Scriba. 
Amsterdam, July, 1732. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Consistory of Raritan, to the Classis of Amsterdam, July 

17, 1732. 

(Portfolio " ^Tew York " Vol. i.) 

To the High Rev. and Noble Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren: — It is not any pleasure to us to trouble you so often 
with matters of this kind; but because we have transmitted the accounts of all our 
previous transactions bearing on these matters, to you, we deem it proper to 
transmit this also. We think, or at least wish, that this may be the last. We 
therefore hope that you will once again, faithfully and impartially, ponder this 
affair. For whatever the Complainants may pretend in their letters, in reference 
to peace and union with our church; nevertheless they seem to have nothing so 
little in view in their conduct toward us. This you have yourselves been able to 
notice. It also appears sufficiently from the following: When we had waited about 
five weeks for an answer to our last letter, of May 10, 1732, and did not receive 
any, we deemed it best to have an oral conference with them. 

Therefore we sent two members of our Consistory to them, to ascertain their 
disposition in the premises. They asked them how they liked the proposition of the 
four ministers. They replied that they would have nothing to do with Rev. Sand- 
voort. The Consistory then said that they would leave out Revs. Sandfoort and 
Freeman and would appoint only the two other gentlemen, because they, in our 


OF THE State of ^ew Yoek. 2595 

opinion, are the most impartial in ttie coantry. But knowing of no furtiier 
escape, they now said that it was too late; that they had already called a minister 
of their own, and they expected him shortly. The Consistory, however, kept on 
urging peace. They showed them that their course was the way to still further 
dissensions; that the Rev. Classis had anticipated these, and hence had wisely 
denied their request about another minister. Nevertheless, the Consistory pro- 
fessed their willingness to call a second minister jointly with them, provided they 
would at once conclude a peace. Thus also the Lord's blessing was alone to be 
expected, etc. 

Thus you may see how the matter stands; and how we are unjustly accused of 
opposition to peace; and how little our accusers (desire it) themselves, even as is 
seen in their letters, and as sad experience daily teaches us. Simon Wyckoff 
declared, in our presence, that he would not to all eternity acknowledge that Rev. 
Frilinghuysen was orthodox. Yet he did not point out anything in particular that 
was unorthodox. Now their people, in general, observing this, and other similar 
facts, several of them are beginning to leave them, especially such as have a 
desire for their own eternal welfare; and most of them are again attending our 
public services. In case, therefore, that you do not consent to let our Complainants 
have a minister of their own, it seems to us that the division will soon come to an 
end; or at least peace will be the more easily effected, and that, probably, before 
long, by God's favor. Thus concluding, and wishing all prosperity and blessing 
upon your persons, families and ministry, we remain, 

Your brethren and fellow-servants, in the churches of Christ at Raritan. In the 
name of all, by us their Deputies, 

Roelof Nevyus, } 

Jeremiah van der Bilt. ( 
July 17. 1732. 
No. 5. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Peter Van Driessen to Eevs. John Xoordbeek and Leonard 
Beels, Jnlj 17, 1732. [See also Jan. 13, 1733.] 

(Portfolio '' Xew York '% Vol. i.) 

Addressed: To the Very Rev., Pious and Highly-learned Gentlemen, the Messrs. 
John Noordbeek and Leonard Beels, Faithful ministers of the Gospel at 

High Rev. Sirs:— It is with pleasure that I find myself honored with a com- 
munication from you of April 8, last (1732). I am especially pleased therewith, 
because I perceive that it is in accordance v\'ith the favorable resolutions of the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, to extend their fatherly care over here, to the spread 
of the Gospel of Christ. This so delights me, that it arouses me to zeal with a 
sharper stimulus, (met een scherper prickel.) 

I trust that, under the operation of the Divine Spirit of might, work may be 
accomplished here agreeably to that Spirit's fruitfulness and power. I gratefully 
acknowledge your wish for a blessing on my feeble labors in this direction. The 
heavy burden which the Lord has laid upon me as a necessity, and which I must 
carry, although too heavy for my poor shoulders, I will, nevertheless, struggle 
under, in his strength. I do this for his Name's sake, and because of the obliga- 
tions laid upon me toward my neighbor, in these times of the Gospel, and for the 
instruction and guidance of those who have so long walked in darkness. 

It is, indeed, true that the enlightening spirit of Christ has now for some time 
past operated so powerfully among these blind Indians, that they have become 
very zealous in their attention to prayers, catechetical exercises, and singing of 
Psalms. The neighboring Christians, living near their castles, from time to time, 


2596 Ecclesiastical Records 


give us assurance of this. They even hold up these proselytes as examples to their 
families, in order to arouse their children thereby. 

The Indian converts are, indeed, becoming quite numerous. This is seen from 
the fact that the Christians dwelling all along the route (along the Mohawk) to 
their settlements, have invited me to hold services for them in our castles. For 
because of the long-continued peace which the Lord in his Fatherly goodness has 
given us, the Indians in their daily travels, stop at the farmers along the route to 
enjoy their hospitality. The value of this I myself very well know, after an 
experience of twenty years. 

With all submission, therefore, I take the liberty further to inform the Rev. 
Classls, that if churches could be built on this route, these Indian tribes could be 
gathered in them for morning and evening worship, on the Lord's days, greatly to 
their profit. I could assign catechetical exercises to be conducted by the most 
expert amoug them; and I could, occasionally, comply with the request of both 
Christians and proselytes, to hold the sacred worship among them, although each 
journey would be quite onerous. But I would cheerfully sacrifice myself for such 
sei'vices. The Jesuits, indeed, make such journeys in order to propagate their 
religious harlotry. How much more should the pure doctrine of the Gospel lead 
to the performance of such journeys. Their labors, moreover, among the savage 
nations, has for its principal object to make them ready for their side, against the 
lime of war. May the Lord forgive the sins of this land, and avert from us such 
times of hardship. 

I also present for the consideration of the Rev. Classis, with all submission, the 
enclosed petition, which, I desire, at your convenience, you would present to the 
Rev. Bishop of London; with my humble request that you would recommend me 
alone for some salary, because of my labors among the Indians, from that (English) 
renowned Society, (for Propagating the Gospel.) For it falls heavily on me to do 
all this work at my own expense, as I have done it for years past. But the 
building of churches must not be mentioned to him (the Bishop), as the Indians 
are immovably attached to us (the Dutch.) They daily show their remembrance of 
my very worthy predecessors, now deceased, (such as Revs. Dellius, Lydius, etc.), 
and our teachings have been peculiarly delightful to them. 

I conclude with the cordial wish. High Rev. Sirs, that the Great Crown Prince, 
do further cause the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to flourish, as a support and 
ornament of the churches of the Fatherland as well as of foreign lands. And may 
He crown you with all grace and glory even unto His heavenly kingdom. 

I remain, with all respect. High and Rev. Sirs, Your obedient and humble fellow- 
laborer in the field of the Lord. 

P. Van Driessen. 

July 17, 1732. 

If your Revs, shall be pleased to honor me with a reply, I humbly request that 
the delivery of it be recommended to Mr. Pedro de Wolf, merchant in Amsterdam. 
Forwarded from London, Nov. 7, 1732 by S. 

Yours truly, O. S. 

Samuel Bakers. 
No. 7. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

1732, July 21st. The report (pre-advice) of the Depiitati ad 
res Exteras was to this effect: The people of Milstone (now 
Ilarlingen) have the right to make request for a minister, and such 
request can not be justly refused them; yet it will be necessary 
to use some precaution, that in the future they do not too readily 

OF THE State of !N'ew Yoek. 2597 

separate themselves from one congelation in order to join an- 
other. This request shall also be written to the people of Rari- 
tan. All of this was changed into a resolution of Ckssis. xL 73. 

"New iN'etherland. 
New ITetherland remains in statu, xi. 73. 

Acts of the Olassis of Amsterdam. 

1732, July 21st. The Acta Synodi, Anno 1731, having been 
read, the following was resolved as to Art. 2 : 

As to Philadelphia in Pennsylvania: The Rev. Classis is well 
pleased with the report (pre-advice) regarding this church. (The 
Classis) requests, that when matters come up which do not abso- 
lutely require to be finished immediately, and in regard to which 
more than one Classis make a declaration, that they take up the 
business ad referendum; (that is, postpone the consideration;) 
that in such cases no final resolution be at once adopted by the 

And whereas it appears from some letters from ISTew York and 
from Pennsylvania, that the state of that church is deplorable on 
account of the (difficulties made) by the seceded ones, and the 
adherents of Rev. Weys, which cause much confusion; and that 
much complaint is made especially about elder Reyf, who as yet 
has turned over nothing of the moneys collected, so that in the 
letter from 'Hew York it is stated that it were advisable to arrest 
the said Reyf if he were still in Holland : 

Therefore this Classis was of the opinion that the moneys which 
are still here (in Holland) in the keeping of Mr. van de Wal, 
shall not be transmitted until further action thereon; and that 
in the meantime there shall again be written a letter to Penn- 
sylvania^ in order to obtain more knowledge of the condition of 
those churches, xi. 74, 75. 

Typographical errors in Bibles, Liturgies, and Psalm books. 



2598 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Tke Classis remains on the watch against these, and in con- 
sequence thereof (awaits) further reports as to the Bible printed 
hj Conynenberg and van de Putte. The printer, van de PuttCy 
appeared before the Consistory of Amsterdam on October 25, 
1Y31, and requested of the same that he might obtain redress in 
respect of the badly printed Quarto Bibles. Thereupon he was 
answered that the Consistory yet stood by their previous resolu- 
tion, and that he could expect no redress from the same. Subse- 
quently he handed in a petition to the Noble Great Estimables, 
the Messrs. Burgomasters of Amsterdam. They placed this in 
the hands of the Consistory, (of Amsterdam, embracing about 
twenty five congregations) to furnish their ISToble Great Esti- 
mables_, a report. In this petition the said van de Putte says 
among other things: 

1. That because he had placed his case in the hands of the Con- 
sistory of Amsterdam, he had been congratulated by the Presi- 
dent. This congratulation may indeed have taken place; never- 
theless no record of it is found in the Acta of the Synod. 

2. Also that the Consistory is supposed to have answered the 
petitioner, that this business was no longer their affair; inasmuch 
as he had been answered, that the Assembly yet stood by its pre- 
vious resolution, and he could look for no redress from the same. 
The Consistory having again perused that petition, and having 
newly and attentively considered their former action adopted in 
the premises, reiterated their previous resolution. They were 
unanimously of the opinion, that it would most tend to the edifi- 
cation of the church, that the Bibles already suppressed by reason 
of the great multitude of errors to be found in every part of them, 
and which could not be remedied by the reprinting of some leaves, 
do remain suppressed. Thus also tJieir !N'oble Great Estimables 
were pleased to resolve on July 14, 1730, and to make known their 
resolution to the Consistory^ in these words: That the Bibles al- 
ready suppressed, remain thus suppressed; and that the list of 
tte errors in printing should not be printed, neither should they 
be demanded, xi. 77, 78. 

OF THE State of !N'ew York. 2599 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Millstone, 
(Harlingen), July 25, 1732. xxix. 99. No. 22. 

To the Consistory of Millstone, (Harlingen): 

Worthy Brethren in Christ: — It was because we had no adequate information of 
the state of your church, — to which some had united themselves who were dis- 
satisfied with Rev. Frelinghuysen and his Consistory, on account of their excom- 
munication, but from which we released them about a year ago, — that we did not 
feel at liberty to permit those brethren who were authorized by you to call a 
pastor for your church, to proceed in that business. "We wanted first to have some 
fuller information, and especially concerning those who were discontented with 
Rev. Frelinghuysen. Recently we received a letter from these. They mentioned 
what had occurred between them and Rev. Frelinghuysen and his friends, after 
the reception of our resolution for the removal of the excommunication. They 
now earnestly request us to permit those, formerly authorized by you, to call a 
pastor for your church, and with which the dissatisfied ones have united. This 
request, and the arguments in its behalf pressed upon us, we have pondered with 
great care, and we have at length given your committee permission to call a pastor 
for the benefit of the old (?) Church at Millstone, (Harlingen). We hope that your 
congregation, as well as all the others in New Netherland, may now enjoy the 
long-desired rest. May all who profess the name of the Lord Jesus, be of one 
heart and of one mind. May we never again have reason to grieve over your 
strifes and divisions, which tend to nothing but injury to God's Church. We 
admonish and beseech you all, which ever church you are connected with, to 
remain permanently connected with that church. Do not for slight reasons sepa- 
rate yourselves from one church to go to another. We judge that this gives a bad 
example to others, and in no way promotes the welfare of your American churches. 
Let nothing be done through strife or vain glory, but in l-owliness of mind, let each 
esteem others better than himself. Finally, Brethren, be perfect, be of good 
comfort, be of one mind, live in peace, and the Grod of love and peace shall be 
with you. 

We cannot omit to add right here that we hope the committee who you have 
authorized to call a pastor, will be as diligent as possible, and seek out an able 
man for the Church of Millstone, (Harlingen). Yet we are afraid, since the season 
has so far advanced, that we will not be able to send you one with the vessel 
which sails this month or next. There are few who desire to preach the Gospel in 
80 distant a land. But may our God fulfill according to his riches, all your need. 
May he increase you and make you abound in love to each other and to all men, 
and strengthen your hearts, that you may be blameless in sanctification before God 
our Father, unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints. 

Worthy Brethren in Christ, 
Your humble servants, 

J. Noordbeek, Ecc. Amst. et Dep. ad res ex p. t. Praeses. 
Leonard Beels, CI. Dep. ad res Ex., p. t. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, July 25, 1732. 

Dutch Church of !N'ew York. 

ISTew York, Aug. 4, 1732. 

Consistory held. The following Address to his Excellency, 
W. Cosby, our Governor, who, with his family happily arrived 
here on the first inst., was presented by all in a body. After 



2600 Ecclesiastical E:ecoeixs 

this, the elders, J. Roosevelt and Jeroniimis Remsen and the 
deacons, Abrm. Van Wyck and G. Beekman were named as a 
Committee to agree with the tenants on the manor, and to sub- 
scribe the leases in the name of the Consistory. 

Addeess of Chuech of ISTew York to Gov. Cosby. 

1732, Aug. 4. To his Excellency, William Cosby, Esq., Captain General and Gover- 
nor in Chief of the Provinces of New York, New Jersey and the territories 
thereon depending in America; and Vice Admiral of the same; and Colonel in 
his Majesty's Army, etc. 

The humble address of the ministers, elders and deacon* ot the Reformed Pro- 
testant Dutch Church in the city of New York: 

We, his Majesty's faithful and dutiful subjects, the ministers, elders and deacons 
of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in the City of New York, sincerely 
rejoicing that divine providence has preserved your Excellency and your honorable 
family from the dangers of the seas, humbly beg leave in behalf of ourselves and 
of our congregation, to congratulate your Excellency's safe arrival, to this your 

We also desire to assure your Excellency that it shall be our constant prayer to 
God that he will be pleased to bless you and your family with all manner of 
felicity and prosperity in your government, and to make you a noble instrument in 
his hand to continue us a happy people. 

And as we have always borne not only true faith and allegiance, but likewise a 
hearty and sincere affection to his most sacred Majesty, our rightful and lawful 
Sovereign, and his Illustrious House, so we shall demean ourselves in our several 
stations to your Excellency, as become good subjects, so as to merit your Ex- 
cellency's favorable protection in our civil and religious rights and liberties. 

Lib. B. IIL 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of Hackensack, ]^. J., to the Classis of Amsterdam, 

Portfolio " Is^ew York '\ Vol. i. 

To the Rev. Messrs. Hermanns Van Wal, Johannes Junius, Hendrick Vos and 
Leonard Reels. (Deputati.) 

Reverend Sirs: — Although we understand, that your Reverences have already 
learned, that Domine Curtenius safely landed at New York on the 24th of October 
1730, and entered on his ministerial duties, in his congregation at Hakkinsak, on 
the 25th, to the full satisfaction of the whole congregation; yet we consider It to 
be our duty, to dispatch, without delay, some letters of thanks to your Reverences 
for your fidelity in sending such an able and worthy teacher to our congregation. 
It was, however, considered advisable to wait until we should be able to inform 
your Reverences of the consequences of our waiting for the union with Schralen- 
burg according to the authorization in the call. 

As Domine Curtenius was better satisfied with serving Hakkinsak alone, Instead 
of undertaking the labor involved in such a proposed union, and as an opportunity 

OF THE State of I^ew Yoek. 2601 

was offered to the people of Sc'rralenburg and Pereemes, (Paramus), to call Domlne 
Mantius, (Mancius) who is also sen able teacher, from the German congregation 
near Katskill; this was done. 

We are happy, therefore, now to inform your Reverences that Domine Mantius l3 
already settled as minister at Schralenburg; while Domine Curtenius serves us at 
Hakkinsak alone, in the duties of pastor and teacher, to the full satisfaction of all, 
and to the edification of many; there is also great friendship with the people of 
Schralenburg and Pereemes. 

In the name of the whole congregation of Hakkinsak, we herewith thank your 
Reverences from the bottom of our hearts, for all the trouble you have taken, and 
for your fidelity in providing us with a teacher and pastor. He is beloved by all 
of us. He is a light shining before us in his life, and a teacher of the truth which 
is according to godliness. We pray the Father of lights that he will increase hig 
light, the more the better, in these distant parts of America, to the glory of his 
name, and the spread of Christ's Kingdom. 

Thus we close this our humble letter, with our sincere prayers; and our desires 
to God through Christ, for all earthly and spiritual blessings on your persons, and 
©n your honored families; while we await the wished for results of your valuable 
services in seeking to bless God's Church. We humbly declare ourselves, what we 
really are. 

Reverend Gentlemen, 

Your humble and willing servants In the Lord, 

The Elders and Deacons of the Dutch Reformed 
Church of Jesus Christ at Hakkinsak. 
Jacob Hendrlckse Banta. Hendrick Kip. 

Jan Barda'n. Hendrick van Giesen. 

Jurien Westervelt. Jacob de Groot. 

I certify, that these signatures were affixed In my presence. 

A. Curtenius. 

Trusteeship of Presbyterian Property. 

1732. Aug. 15. On account of the Inability of the Presbyterian Church, Wall 
.street. New York City, to obtain a charter, they make the General Assembly of th« 
Presbyterian Church of Scotland, the trustees of their property. — Smith, 296. See 
also under 1720, 1730, 1766. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

1732, Sept. 1st. In accordance witli a resolution of the Classis, 
a minister was granted to the people of Milstone (now Harlingen), 
and they were notified to that effect: In regard to the people of 
Karitan, it was resolved to write to Rev. Prielinkhuysen that he 
must make his peace with the disaffected ones, and that within 
the space of three months; otherwise the disaffected ones shall 
have liberty to join the people of Millstone, (now Harlingen) and 
together they may choose a minister; also that Kev. Frielinkhiiy- 
sen mii5t keep himself to the Church Order and Pormulae of the 
Ketherlands. xi. 82. 

IT 32, Sept. 1st ]^ew ITetherland remains in statu, xi. 82. 



2602 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Olassis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. [1732, Fall.] 


Extract from a letter, written bj order of the Consistory of 
Kingston, bj Rev. Peter Yas: 

They are compelled to ask our assistance in respect to the dis- 
sension in the church of Kingston, caused by John van Driessen, 
and aggravated by his brother, Peter van Driessen, who is min- 
ister at Albany. 

I. First of all there goes herewith a proof of their unity: 

1. This is apparent, from their association vrith all the sur- 
rounding villages in their county of Ulster. With these, from 
time to time, they have had, as one body, only one minister. 
They have contributed moneys for his salary, unitedly, each ac- 
cording to his ability. 

2. This is further shown from the circumstances at their last 
vacancy. Then all united with their promises of support at their 
own option, and accepted again Mr. Peter Vas, and enjoying his 
services for many years with pleasure, with rest and peace; en- 
joyed the Holy Supper in unison, and paid the promised salary, 
each at his time and place, without objection. 

n. But this unity was broken asunder: 
1. By John van Driessen. 

(1) without certificate, or any advancement in Holland, he 
had been ordained to preach, only by the Independents at !N^ieuw- 
haven. This he was to do around Eanderhook and Claverack, and 
was installed there artfully, and without being heard by his 
brother; but he had been removed from his office because of his 
scandalous behavior. 

(2) Through his adherents, he managed to bring it about to 
preach at Kingston while Rev. Yas was absent; that although he 
was forbidden, he preached also at Hurley, the Paltz, and Mar- 

OF THE State of Ii^ew York. 2603 

"bletown, exalting himself, justifying Ms evil conduct to the simple 
ones, and contemning the person and labors of their pastor. 

(3) Thus he gained for himself a large constituency, and made 
disturbance; for the majority of the Paltz people accepted him 
as their minister. He was to come and preach there three or 
four times in the year, and administer the sacraments. He began 
with an inaugural sermon, and chose and installed a consistory, 
without knowing anybody. 

2. ISTotwithstanding all warnings, he is supported (stiffened) 
hj his brother, Peter van Drissen. 

(1) Last February, after despatching a letter, and sending 
several posts (messengers?), he visited his (John's) adherents at 
Kingston, and called a meeting, in order to pledge them still 
further to his brother's purpose. 

(2) He requested Mr. Yas to call a meeting of his consistory, 
in order to inquire what he (Vas) had said to the injury of himself 
and his brother. 

(3) Coming before this meeting with his partizans, (company), 
to the question what he had to say, he answered: that he wanted 
to prove the regularity of the ministerial character of his brother. 
This having become a subject of discussion, the ringleaders rose 
to their feet. Then with noise and turmoil, while on their feet, 
they threatened the members of the Consistory that they would 
drag them through the church by their hair, etc. 

(4) Meantime Peter and John van Driessen went away, belch- 
ing forth many imseemly vituperations against Eev. Yas and his 
eonsistory. He had established the regularity of his brother'9 
ordination upon more than fifty persons — at a tavern! 

m. The consequences of this are indicated, as being the utter 
ruin of their church; for while estrangement is thus wrought, 
many separate themselves from the church, do not want to come 
to the preaching, despise pastor and consistory, in spite of all 
their endeavors, (or, oppose all their undertakings,) do not come 
to communion, nor pay their promised salary. 



2604 Ecclesiastical Recoei>s 

lY. The letter concluded with the assured hope that we would 
take the case to heart, and make timely provision in regard to it, 
in accordance with the laws of the Reformed Churches in Holland. 

Was signed in the name and by order of the Consistory of 

Kingston, Petrus Vas, Y. D. M., ibidem. 

xxii. 209, 210. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
'Acts of the Deputies. [1732, Pall.] 
Extracts from two letters from jSTew York. 
L The first is of :November 2, 1730. 

1. In this notice is given of the receipt and forwarding of 
the letters of Classis, by Rev. Hagoort, to Rev. Bohm, and his 
consistories; to the separated ones at Schipbach; to the Raritan 
complainants, to the consistory of Millstone, (Harlingen), and 
to Rev. Frielnighuysen ; together with the Acta of the IN'orth 
Holland Synod of 1730; with a letter to Poughkeepsie and 

2. An expression of their pleasure and accord vdth the letters 
of Classis; with acknowledgment of their gladness over our 
complete satisfaction with their conduct, in the ordination of 
Rev. Bohm, together vdth his reconciliation with Rev. Weiss; 
especially, since the Classis itself, notwithstanding it has had so 
much trouble with them, is yet willing to confirm their corre- 
spondent; and that of this, they, in accordance with their desire 
and duty, also request and assure them; that this was urged, 
indeed, for the general benefit of the church, and is confirmed 
with prayers (sighings) unto God, for strength and wisdom and 
gentleness; they also promise to recommend, on all occasions, to 
the opponents of Rev. Bohm, obedience to the loving counsel 
of Classis, and thus to pacify both. 

3. They indicate the sad condition of that church: 

(1) Prom Rev. Bohm's letters to us. It appears from these 
how misled those separatists have been. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2605 

(2) From the statement of Kev. Weiss; lie had received 
a letter from Eev. Wilhelmus of Kotterdam, whereof he promises 
to send a copy; but has not done so. 

(3) From the promise of Kev. Weiss to Rev. Boel, to do his 
best for Rev. Bohm, for the sake of peace; and to bring in a 
written account thereof; but he has also failed in this. 

(4) From the behavior of (elder) Reiff, who journeyed with 
Rev. Weiss to Holland, in a libellous letter (scheld brief, scold- 
ing letter) with the most villainous words against Rev. Bohm's 
advancement among us: he had said with anger, that they and 
their Assembly had not deemed themselves worthy to hear our 
peace-letter read. 

They are therefore, by reason of Reiff s conduct, apprehensive 
for the money collected, and submit for consideration, accord- 
ingly, whether if Reiff could still be got hold of in Holland, 
the money could not be legally taken away from him. 

4. They inform us that Peter van Driessen in spite of their 
warning, has sought to procure advancement, (ordination) for 
his brother, John van Driessen, from the English (Independents) 
for service in our I^Tetherland Church, and has procured it, and 
notwithstanding their warning, he has also been installed bj^ 
his brother, Peter van Driessen, in the churches of Kinderhook 
and Claverack. These were formerly ministered to by Peter van 

That ever since, the consistory of Rev. Peter van Driessen, 
at Albany, of their own accord, has refused to admit his brother 
to preach in their church, and has prevented the same up to the 
present time. 

Complaints have also come up, and they report further, that 
the principal result is this; that inasmuch as, without any eccle- 
siastical or academical certificates from Holland, but only upon 
his brother, Peter van Driessen' s, own recommendation, for pro- 
motion, he was ordained at ISTew Haven, and having been installed, 
he now lives in idleness (at Ejnderhook.) 




Their advice havins: been asked about this, they declare that. 
in the main, thev have not TrLshed to interfere with the business 
at all. but to leave it all to the wise counsel and judgment of 
Classic, with the assurance of their deep felt pain and sorrow 
at such estrangements in the Dutch church there; and with the 
yru'ii ;ha; God will provide for this in His mercv. 

Was signed, 

G. du Bois. 
V. Antonides, 
Henricus BoeL 

IL The second letter of Mav 12. 1732. embraces 

1. Some accounts 

(1 1 That and Ericson had indeed accepted their 

advice with thanks; but they had requested that the facts about 
John van Driessen might be brought squarely out, but they had 
refused, for reasons in the advice itself. 

(2) That Eev. Peter van Driessen had indeed since shown to 
them in letters, his (displeasure, in being asked to submit his 
brothers case to Eev. Classis; but he has never adduced anything 
against the propriety of such advice. 

(3) That the consistory of "Kingston, under Eev. Vas, had also 
complained to them in the year 1731, and asked for counsel about 
John van Driessen, but they had answered again as before. 

(4) That they had understood later, that the schism, as it 
appeared was abating, and there was hope for restoration; nev- 
erthele^ this year there are again serious complaints from Eings- 
ton about John van Driessen and his brother Peter van Driessem 
Concerning this matter the letters accompanying this by virtue 
of the Correspondence with Classes, promised submission to the 
judgement of Classis: if haply thus, by the speedy intervention 
of the authority of Classis, with God's help, the threatened ruin 
of the Xetheriand Chui'ches there, might be averted, etc. 

(5) That in 1730 had amved there, with good ecclesiasticrl 
and academical testimonials, Rev. George Williams Mancius, on 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 2607 


a call, without their knowledge, from the Germans out in the 
country, in that province. Also he had been received into their 
brotherhood, and was being assisted by counsel and by deeds: but 
that the same had been called, this spring, to Schraalenburg and 
Paramus, by the Dutch. There, he is getting along reasonably* 
well in the Dutch, vrith a desirable attendance, and in good har- 
mony with Rev. Curtenius. He thus furnishes good expectations 
of much benefit for their churches there, upon which they desire 
the Lord's blessing. 

(6) They present for our consideration, whether if it be pos- 
sible, it be not highly desirable, for the better carrying on of the 
Correspondence, that they should send over all the Synodical Acta 
since the National Synod of Dort. 

a. Thanks are given for the sending of the Xorth Holland 
Synodical Acta of 1730; and they request its continuance from 
year to year. 

b. They entreat for the Maintenn [Liberty?] of their churches 
as soon and as effectively as possible; with the wish that the su- 
preme government here [in Holland] be int-erceded with, in be- 
haK of the safety of their church; that they may obtain their 
status under the crown of Great Britain, while remaining in cor- 
respondence with us. 

c. They conclude with a wish for blessing and prosperity upon 
our favor, unto the triumph of the right, and the uprooting of 
what is evil; and that they may be Jehovah's glorious ones on the 
earth, and his eternal giorified ones in the Heavens. 

[Was signed, 
G. Du Bois. 
V. Antonides. 
Henricus BoeL 

The postscript was a statement that whatever testimonies had 
been obtained by the English-ordained John van Driessen for him- 
self; the surest account was, that no g'ood testimony at all of his 


2608 Ecclesiastical Records 

edifying conduct conld be truly given; but, on the contrary nmcH 
could be said of his grossly offensive life. This in conscience, they 
Recounted themselves obliged to add to the rest. xxii. 213, 

Acts of the Olassis of Amsterdam. 


1T32, Oct. 6th. The letter for Earitan, the contents of which 

'(were mentioned) in the previous Acta, was drawn up by the Eev. 

Deputati ad res Exteras and read and approved by this Assembly. 

xi. 84. 

Kingston, ISTew York. 

In accordance with the submitted and approved report, (pre- 
advice), the Eev. Deputati ad ^res Exteras shall write to ^he 
preachers of ]^ew York, and to the Eevs. Vas and Erickson at 
Ejngston, and to the Eev. Peter van Driessen; but to the latter 
with serious rebukes, xi. 84. 

IN'ew York Council Journ-al. 


10, 1736. 

The Assembly sent a Bill to the Council entitled, "An Act to 
(encourage a public school in the City of l^ew York, for teaching 
' Latin, Greek, and Mathematics. Council Journal^ 624. Eead, 
committed, reported, 624. Passed, 625. Enacted, 626. 

Charter of ISTew York City. 

1732, Oct, 14. Charter of 1730, confirmed by the General Assembly of Province, 
Bee charter of 1686. Mayor appointed by the Governor in Council, until the 
American Revolution. Population, 8,624.— Booth's New York City, 822, etc. 

A Governor's [Marriage License, Oct. 16, 1732. 

Bj his excellency William Cosby Esq., captain general and governor in chief of 
the provinces of New York, New Jersey, and territories thereon depending, In 
America, vice-admiral of the same, and colonel in his majesty's army, etc. 

To any Protestant Minister: — Whereas there is a mutual purpose of marriage 
between Jacob Glenn of the city of Albany, merchant, of the one party, and 

OF THE State of ^ew Yoek. 2609 

Elizabeth Cuyler of the same city, spinster, of the other party, for which they 
have desired my license, and have given bond upon conditions, that neither of them 
have any lawful let or impediment of pre-contract affinity, or consanguinity to 
hinder their being joined in the holy bands of matrimony; these are therefore to 
authorize and empower you to join the said Jacob Glenn and Elizabeth Cuyler in 
the holy bands of Matrimony, and them to pronounce man and wife. 

Given under my hand and prerogative seal at Fort George in New York, the 16th 
day of October, in the sixth year of the reign of our sovereign lord, George the 
Second, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defendej 
of the faith. Anno Domini 1732. 

W. Cosby, 

Hendk. Morris, D. Sec— Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. iL p. 182. . 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of tlie Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. J. Frelingliiiysen, October 


19, 1732. xxix. 101. IS^o. 23. 

To the Rev. Frelinghuysen and the other members of the Consistory of Raretans:— 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren:— The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam has received your 
letter with the enclosed documents. But we perceive therefrom with astonishment, 
that our action, in reference to those whom you had excommunicated, has not been- 
carried out by you. The dissatisfied ones complain greatly to us that they have not 
been released from their sentence, and that you refuse to release them, except on 
certain conditions to which they take exception. But the Rev. Classis has already 
absolutely released them, and we have written to you how they were to be re- 
admitted to the use of the Lord's Supper. It appears very remarkable to Classis, 
according to letters from each side, that this has not yet been accomplished. It 
is our desire, and we admonish you, that the resolution of Classis be immediately 
obeyed, and that these parties be given no further ground of complaint. They 
must be admitted to the Lord's Table by you, as worthy partakers. We trust that 
all human considerations of either party will be laid aside, and that love and peace 
may be revived among brethren. May we never hear again that there are divisions 
and quarrels among you. These cannot be otherwise than ruinous to the Church 
of God. How pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! for there the 
Lord commands his blessing, even life forevermore. 

The Rev. Classis had also hoped to learn from your communication that the 
regular Order of the Dutch Church and its Forms were again maintained in your 
Church, as is the practice everywhere in Holland. But expressions in your last 
letter acquaint us, to our astonishment and grief, with the fact, that too much 
liberty is yet taken in the matter of church discipline, and in the use of the 
Forms in the administration of the Lord's Supper. This is contrary to the obliga- 
tions you have taken, and a cause of great anxiety to us. The Classis beseeches 
you, and has a reasonable right to expect, that in all things you will guide your- 
selves by the Order of the Dutch Church, which was accepted by us and by yon. 
Let all things be done according to Order, to the building up of the church and the 
edification of the body of Christ. 

To the people of Millstone, (Harlingen), according to resolution of Classis, has 
been granted the privilege of calling a pastor, in accordance with their urgent 
request. This has already been communicated to them and we now give you 
notice of the same. In regard to the discontented parties at Raretans, we notify 
you that the Classis resolves, that Rev. Frelinghuysen must make peace with them 
within three months; or otherwise they are permitted to unite with the people of 
Millstone (Harlingen) In calling a pastor. We also notify you that the Classis has 
resolved that Rev. Frelinghuysen must keep himsell to the Order of the Dutch 
Church and Its Forma. 


2610 EccLEsiASTicAi. Eecokds 

Expecting that you will obey these orders, we commend you to God and the Word 
of his grace. It is our hearty wish that the Lord may increase you, and make you 
all abound in love towards one another and to all men, even as we abound toward! 

Worthy Brethren in Christ, 
Your humble servants, 

J. Noordbeek, Ecc Amst. et Dep. ad res Exteras, p. t. Praeses. 
Leonard Beels, Ecc. Amst et Dep. ad res Bxteras, p. t. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, October 19, 1732. 


1732, Nov. 22. Procurer-General claims that the Church-farm belongs to thfl 

— Dix's Hist. Trinity Church, i. 211-213; U. 293, aeq. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

'Acts of the Deputies and their Correspoiidence. 

(The Classis of Amsterdam to the Eev. Messrs. Yas and Erickson 
in 'New I^^etherland, Dec. 1, 1732, xxix. 102. 

Rev. Sirs, and Brethren:— With astonishment and sorrow we have learned from 
your letters what has occurred in reference to John Van Driessen, who was forced 
into the service of the Church at Claverack, by his brother in Albany, Rev. P. Van 
Driessen. We wish from our hearts that each of them had refrained from such 
unwise and unusual conduct, which cannot fall to produce great evils. Certainly 
Rev. Peter Van Driessen has acted very improperly in urging forward his brother, 
and accomplishing his purpose in opposition to the counsel and earnest admonitions 
of the ministers in New York. He is worthy of severe punishment therefor. We 
shall not fall to let him know our displeasure, upon the supposition of his wrong 
conduct in this matter. We approve the advice given by the ministers of New 
York at the request of Claverack and Schinechtade. We think it would have been 
only appropriate in Rev. Peter Van Driessen to have accepted such brotherly 
advice with meekness, and to have answered kindly. This is the more obvious, 
because the advice offered, plainly appears to have been founded upon the action of 
the National Synod of Dort, which must be received and followed by all Dutch 
Reformed Churches wherever situated. 

Our decision is that Mr. John Van Driessen Is not to be considered a lawful 
minister: (1) Because nothing has been seen by us to show that he has been 
legally commissioned by any Dutch Reformed Classis. (2) That the Assembly at 
New Haven, consisting of some English Independents, as they are called, has not 
fhe least right, according to our thinking, to send or appoint ministers to the 
service of Dutch Reformed Churches in New Netherland. (3) And also because the 
life and walk of this John Van Driessen, as appears from letters, is not only less 
than edifying, but is idle and loose, to the offence of the Church at Claverack, 
Which he served for two years, having committed violence there. He has also 
sought to draw away the church at Kingston, and has forced himself into other 
Dutch Churches. (4) We are still more satisfied that he should not be considered 
a lawful minister because of circumstances that occurred in our Classis in 1719. 
These things are still fresh in our memory, and we neither can nor will keep 
silence concerning them at this present juncture. On September 4th, 1719, in a 
regular meeting of Classis, John Van Driessen requested to be admitted to the 
Assembly. He then showed two certificates, in the Dutch language, signed by two 
Theological Professors at Groningen, and requested, since there was to be an 
examination for licensure, that he also might be examined. This was granted. 
Since he had previously reported himself to the examiner. Rev. Comynburg, who 
had given him a text. During the examination which was very badly sustained. 

OF THE State of IsTew Yoek. 2611 

It was Intimated by tBe newly arriving brethren that the signatures to the cer- 
tificates, did not seem genuine. Upon this the examination was suspended, and 
he was confronted with the charge, that some of them did not believe these cer- 
tificates to have been signed by the Professors at Groningen. Upon being closely 
pressed, he owned that the certificates were false, that one was written by himself, 
and the other by another person. Upon this, he was severely censured, and sent 
out of the Classis, with the admonition to relinquish the study of theology, coupled 
with an earnest exhortation to a change of life. We thought well to inform you 
of these facts, not doubting but that you will fully justify the opinion of Classis 
regarding John Van Driessen. We desire that all offences may be removed from 
the Church of Christ, and that you may be richly qualified by the Spirit from on 
high, to watch over the flock of God, which is under you, to preserve yourselves 
and those who hear you. Closing with this wish, we declare ourselves to be, 
etc, etc. 

(Signed as before. Signatures not recorded In Letter-book.) 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

'Acts of tlie Deputies and their Correspoiideiice. 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Peter Van Driessen. December *, 
1732. xxLx. 108. No. 25. 

Reverend Sir and Brother: — We have heard with great sorrow and astonishment 
of your conduct In the matter of your brother, John Van Driessen. We can under- 
stand how one might desire to help his own brother, when he can do so honorably; 
but it seems very remarkable to us, that you should have endeavored to push for- 
ward your brother in such an improper way; in violation of Dutch Church-Order, 
and against all the good counsel and admonitions of the Rev. ministers of New 
York — to press him forward into the service of the ministry of the Dutch Re- 
formed Church. We are informed that you knew at the time the charges of the 
Consistory of Claverack against him; that he had no proper Academical certificate 
from any University of the Netherlands, neither any Church certificate from any 
church of the Netherlands. 

You must have known also of his evil conduct and offensive life. We wish that 
these facts had rather led you earnestly to admonish your brother to reformation 
of life, than to have threatened the brethren of Claverack with the displeasure 
of a so-called Classis (Association?) of New Haven, which you know has no relation 
to the Dutch Churches, nor any power over the same. We cannot comprehend 
how a minister, who would be considered a member of the Reformed Dutch Church, 
and who declares that he takes great satisfaction in the resolutions of the Classis 
of Amsterdam, — for thus you elaborately wrote in your letter of July 17, last, — 
how such a minister, without the knowledge of his Classis, yea, rather in total 
disregard of it, can do as you have done. For you have gone to an Association of 
certain English Independents, and on their authority have attempted to push for- 
ward a certain one into the service of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Nether- 
land — a Church which cannot recognize another Church-Order than its own, as 
legitimate, for its own ministry. 

You have requested us, in your above mentioned letter, to use our influence in 
obtaining for you some additional salary in London, from the English Church. 
Yet in this matter of your brother, you did not so much forget our Classis, as 
positively to decline our advice. For the Rev. Ministers of New York strongly 
urged you to refer this matter of your brother to our Classis. Even in the said 
letter of July 17th, you never mentioned this matter as having occurred at all. 
What the reason for such conduct is you know best yourself. We commend the 
conduct of the ministers of New York in the same degree that we find fault witli 
yours. It would have been proper for you to have kindly accepted the advice, 
which they gave you, at the request of the people of Claverack; especially as it 
was founded upon the Acts of the Synod of Dort, which are the Rules of aH 


2612 Ecclesiastical Records 

Dutch Reformed churches everywhere. "We trust that you hay© already changed 
your opinions on this matter; or at least, that on the receipt of this letter, you will 
cease to uphold your brother, thus unlawfully pressed into the service of the Dutch 

He not only has no lawful commission from any Dutch Classis, but was actually 
rejected by our Classis, when he in September, 1719, suddenly presented himself 
for examination for licensure. He represented that, immediately after licensure, 
he would receive a call. But he was rejected for these reasons: First, because in 
the examination, he acquitted himself so poorly that the Classis listened to it with 
very great disappointment; and secondly, because it was discovered, as he himself 
confessed, when Classis insisted, that the two Dutch certificates, signed with the 
names of two Theological Professors of Groningen, which he had presented, were 
not written nor signed by those Professors, but one by himself, and the other by 
another person. Upon this he was severely rebuked by Classis, and dismissed with 
the admonition to study theology no more. He was also earnestly admonished to 
change his life, and never to present himself before another Classis. These facts 
ought to have deterred you from your endeavors in behalf of your brother. 

It remains the decision of this Classis that John Van Driessen is not to be con- 
sidered a lawful minister; especially because of the serious charges which are laid 
against him by the people of Claverack and Kingstown. We wish not too severely 
to rebuke you; but we prefer fraternally to admonish you, and we beseech you for 
the sake of the peace and welfare of the New Netherland churches, and for your 
own sake, that you lend yourself no further to assist in such unlawful conduct as 
your brother has dared to undertake. On the other hand we hope you will earnestly 
dissuade him from further disturbing the Church of God by his improper conduct, 
to the great distress of the good, and increasing their complaints. God grant him 
a spirit of repentance, and enable him to detest his former misconduct, and lead 
him to such reformation that our grief over him may be turned Into joy. 

And may God enable you so to conduct yourself in his House, that you may be 
found henceforth blameless, having a good conscience towards God and man, that 
you may at length appear before him in confidence. We remain, 
In the name of all. 


P. S. We herewith return to you your petition to the Bishop of London, sent to 
ns with the request to forward it to him, with our endorsement to his Reverence. 
The Classis has good reasons for not granting your request, and have charged us 
to return it to you. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Ministers of 'New York. No date 
given, but about December, 1732. xxix. 109. No. 26. 

Reverend Sirs and Esteemed Brethren: — We have received your letter of May 12^ 
1732, and learn therefrom that Rev, Haeghoort has placed In your hands the let- 
ters of Classis, and the Minutes of the Synod of North Holland, sent in his care. 
We again send In this enclosure the Minutes of the Synod of North Holland of 
1732. "Sou may be assured that your correspondence Is very agreeable to us. On 
our part we will do everything to continue it, not only for your pleasure, but for 
your assistance and support, so far as we are able. 

The continued discord in Rev. Boehm's congregation distresses us. The conduct 
of Rev. Weiss seems very remarkable to us, both In reference to your proposition 
and request to him, as well as In reference to Rev. Boehm. We desire further 
Information from you about this business. It seems very perplexing to us, so that 
we have postponed our more definite decision until we have fuller explanation 
from yon. 

OF THE State of [tsTEw Yoek. 2613 

Since Elder RelCf appeared in our Assembly we tiave not heard from liim. We 
hope there is no reason to fear for the safety of the money committed to him to 
bear across (the ocean), to be used for the purposes intended. Meanwhile, the 
money we still have on hand will be retained by us, until we shall receive a more 
definite statement from you. 

As to the conduct of John Van Driessen, as well as that of his brother, Rer. 
Peter Van Driessen, Pastor at Albany, according to the information sent us by 
you, as well as by Revs. Vas and Erickson, (we can only say): that we have 
written to said Rev. Peter Van Drissen, telling him of our astonishment and sorrow 
at his conduct in this matter of his brother John. We have also written to Revs. 
Vas and Erickson, telling them that we commend them, and also entirely approve 
of the advice given by you in that business; also that we write the same to you. 
We thank you for your good advice, which is entirely agreeable to us, and we 
wish to express the same sentiments to you as we did to said gentlemen. We 
hope that Rev. Peter Van Driessen, after reading our letter, will come to better 
thoughts, and not only abstain from all further attempts to encourage his brother, 
but will also strongly dissuade him from longer disturbing the church, and grieving 
the good, and multiplying their causes of complaint. 

We have also written to Rev. Frelinghuysen and the other members of the Con- 
sistory at Raretans, and made him to understand our astonishment that he had 
not carried out our resolution in reference to those whom he had excommunicated. 
For these parties have complained to us, by letter, that he refuses to release them 
from their excommunication, except on certain conditions, which they deem un- 
acceptable. (That Classis, etc., See letter to Rev. Frelinghuysen.) 

You ask us whether it would not be well for you to have, if possible, a complete 
set of Minutes from the time of the Synod of Dort. We know not exactly what 
Minutes you include under this request, whether only the Minutes of the Synod of 
North Holland, or also the Minutes of the other provinces besides. The latter 
would be quite impossible to grant you. In regard to the former, we leave it to 
you to determine, how the expenses incurred (for copying), could be met. For the 
transcription of those Minutes would make about a hundred copies of the size of 
those, of which you have already a few. We have to pay at least two ducats, (a 
gold ducat, about $2.; a silver ducat about $1.) for the writing out of one copy of 
the Synodical Minutes each year. 

Since the departure of the Revs. Haeghoort and Van Schie, no one has presented 
himself whom the Deputies felt willing to send over for the service of the churches 
in New Netherland. Nevertheless they are using all possible diligence to that end. 

We pray the Almighty to be pleased to keep safely the churches in New Nether- 
land. May those which enjoy peace long be privileged to preserve it; while as to 
the others, we pray that God may bring strife and division to an end. May you 
be permitted to see all difficulties, so inimical to the prosperity of the church, 
removed. May God bless your churches and labors, as well as those of the other 
ministers, to the advancement of the welfare of Zion. May he make all of ns 
faithful in those respective fields in which his Divine Providence has placed ns, 
and bestow upon us at last the reward of faithful servants. We close with our 
best wishes for every grace and blessing upon your persons, ministry and house- 

In the name of all. 

Amsterdam (about December 1732.) 

Dutch Church of ITew York. 

ISTew York, Dec. 5, 1T32. 

Great Consistory held, according to a resolution of the Euling 
Consistory, passed Dec. 3rd. Resolved, That plots, in perpetuity, 


2614 EccLESiASTicAi. Records 

for vaults in the Cliurcli-vard of tlie !N"ew CLurcli^ should be sold 
on the following conditions: 

1. Each plot shall be just as broad and wide as the one already 

2. The mason work shall be six feet from the Church wall. 

8. On each vault-plot the purchaser shall pay at once £5., and 
on every interment of a person under ten years of age, six shillings; 
for one over ten and below twenty, twelve shillings; and above 
twenty, eighteen shillings, all in ISTew York currency. 

4. In case any one at the time of the first purchase, pays £15. 
he then shall always have the right to bury without any further 

5. If any one desires to buy outside the line of vaults, without 
hindrance to them, a plot as wide and broad as a vault, at least 
six feet from the Church walls, not for mason work, but only to 
bury in the ground, he shall have such a plot for £5. and shall 
pay for each interment_, six, twelve, or eighteen shillings, accord- 
ing to the 3rd article above. But if he pays £15. at once, inter- 
ments shall be free, according to Article 4 above. 

Meanwhile, all the charges for grave-digging, and the use of 
the pall, shall be for the profit of our church, even as this hitherto 
has belonged to their income and should so continue. 

Thus done in Great Consistory the day above named. Wit- 
ness, in name and by authority, etc. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 

Dutch Church of New York. 
Manor of Fordham, etc. 

"New York, Dec. 19, 1732. 
After calling on God's name : There was presented to the Con- 
sistory a written request from Mr. Barend de Forest, clerk in the 
Old Church, now a prisoner for debt, that the Consistory would 
please become responsible for £50. or £60, and continue hvm in 
his office, and on his behalf, state this by word of mouth, and from 
time to time, take one half of his salary for the debt, and pay 

OF THE State of !N'ew Yoek. 2615 


him tKe other half for his support, so long as he discharges his 

duty well, but no longer. 

Hereon, after much consideration, Eesolved, That the Con- 
sistory cannot be answerable for any sum, and still holds it in 
consideration whether to restore Mr. de Eorest to his office or not, 
even if he is released. Also that Mr. Isaac Stoutenberg, now act- 
ing as his helper, shall be asked if he has a mind to continue as 
such; if so, he shall be paid by the time, at the rate of £15. per 
year, and that, from the time when he began, which was Decem- 
ber 3rd; for the Consistory finds it necessary to abide by the 
resolution to hold the office of Clerk and Schoolmaster, together, 
for one competent person. This proposition being made to Mr, 
Stoutenberg in the meeting was accepted by him. 

It was also agreed that Mr. Isaac Kip should pay the tax of 
Westchester upon the Manor, according to the account stated to 
the Consistory, 18s. 8id., for this year. 

Further, the Consistory approved the Act of the Deacons, in 
selling, according to previous order, the house in Joode street, 
conveyed by Wessel "Wessels to the church for debt, for £70., to 
be paid the coming May. 

Dutch Chuech of !N'ew Yokk. 

Jan. 9, 1733. 
In Consistory: The contract of sale for the house in Jude 
street, was presented^ read and approved. It was then ordered to 
be sealed, and furthermore, with the papers heretofore given by 
Wessel Wessels to the Consistory, was given over to Abrm. Elber- 
son, who had bought the house. He gave in payment his bond for 
£70. due next May. 

Acts of the Olassis of Amsteedam. 

' Rev. Peter van Dries(sen). 

1733, Jan. 13th. Rev. Peter van Dries, minister at Albany, 
writes that he has written a letter to the Bishop of London, en- 


2616 Ecclesiastical Records 

closed in his letter to the Classis, seeking to secure some salary 
therefrom. He requests that the Classis will be pleased to trans- 
mit that letter, and to second his request of the said bishop. For 
obvious reasons this Assembly cannot undertake to do this. The 
Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras read a letter drawn up by them, to 
be sent to said Rev. van Dries; also one to the Coetus of Suriname. 
Both of these were approved, xi. 90. [See also July 17, 1732.] 

Writing to New York. 
Writing to the ministers of !N'ew York, (and) to Revs. Vas and 
Erickson, remains recommended to the Deputati ad res Exteras* 
xi. 91. [This had already been done on Dec. 1, 1732.] 

Dutch Church of Xew York. 
Rules about Vaults, Burials, etc. 

ISTew York, Jan. 13, 1733. 

Conditions upon which the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the 
Reformed Church of the City of IN^ew York^ will sell graves and 
vaults in the yard of the New Church. (Nassau street, east side,, 
between Liberty and Cedar streets.) 

1. All the burial plots which shall be laid out from time to time, 
to be sold for vaults, shall be numbered, beginning with No. 1, 
and so on. 

2. Each vault shall be at least six feet long and nine broad, in 
the clear, and feet deep. 

3. Every one who buys such a plot must be a contributor tO' 
the salary of the ministers, and build the vault of stone or brick 
at his own expense, and keep it in repair. He may also lay upon. 
it a grave stone or mark, yet only even with the ground as it now is. 

4. When any one has made a vault, and another buys next to 
him^ the second purchaser shall have the right to use the wall 
already made, provided he gives reasonable satisfaction to the 
maker of it, either by appraisement of the masonry, or as they 
two shall agree. 

OF THE State of Kew Yoek. 2617 

6. Wlien one or more yaults become full, the Consistory shall 
take order for the burying of the bones at the expense of the owner. 

6. Every one who buys a vault-plot, and pays for it £15., and 
the other costs which have been stated, or shall be hereafter stated, 
shall hold the same for himself and his heirs forever; and be 
capable to dispose of the same by will; or in lack of a will, it 
shall go to his nearest lawful heir, if he is a contributor to the 
salary of the ministers of the Dutch Reformed Church of this 
place. If there be no heir, it shall revert to the Church and be 
sold again. The purchaser before mentioned, or his appointed heir 
may^ also, during their lives sell the vault to whomsoever they 
ohoose, but always to a contributor to the salary as above said. 

I, Whoever buys a grave-plot and pays £5., shall have all the 
right stated in Article 6. But whenever he buries anyone therein, 
he shall pay to the Church Masters, for the use of the Church, 
and for one under ten years of age, six shillings; for one above 
ten and under twenty, twelve shillings; and above twenty, eigh- 
teen shillings, all in ^ew York currency. 

8. All bodies deposited in such vaults, shall be buried in the 
usual manner of members of the Dutch Church, and not othenvise. 

9. Whoever buys a grave-plot, beyond the line of the vaults, 
being as broad and long as a vault, and six feet from the Church 
wall, without making a vault, shall hold the same, forever, upon 
paying £15; and shall have the same privileges, and be under the 
same regulations as vault-holders who have paid £15. And he 
who buys for £5. shall have the same privileges and be under the 
same regulations as vault-holders who have paid £5. 

10. Besides the cost of grave-digging, bell-ringing, and the use 
of the pall, shall be paid by the respective buyers of graves or 
vaults, according to the orders of the Church made, or to be made, 

II. In the Church Masters' Book shall be recorded the name 
of each buyer of ground for a grave, and the price, and the num- 
ber, and to whom it adjoins. A copy of this with a receipt for the 



2618 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

money, shall be given to the buyer, under the hand of two of the 
Euling Church Masters; and the buyer shall give to the Consistory 
a duplicate of this, signed by himself, with the addition, that he 
and his heirs, or whoever may obtain his right, shall always con- 
form to the conditions herein imposed by the Consistory^ upon the 
respective buyers of vaults or burial-plots. 

12. If any purchaser desires a transcript of these ordinances, he 
may have the same, subscribed as above, at his own expense. 

Thus done in our Consistory at New York, Jan. 13, 1733. 
Witness, in name etc., 

Henricus Boel, p. t Praeses. 

Feelinghuyseit's Seemons^ 


'A Small Collection of Sermons from the Old and iKTew Testaments, 
Preface to the Discerning Reader. 

[March 2, 1733.] 

Worthy reader, you possibly imagine that the author of the following Sermons 
might have spared his pains, since the Church already groans beneath the burden 
of a multitude of printed discourses. Of this he is well aware, but in this portion 
of the world there are few in the possession of the ordinary reader; besides, he 
is the man of whom every one talks; beloved by many, hated by many more. 
Why, then, should not his friends be permitted to bring to the light that which 
he teaches? To this is to be added, that these discourses were delivered after he 
had been graciously restored from a severe affliction, through which, for a con- 
siderable time, he could not discharge the duties of his office. Let it serve as no 
offense to you, that they are not written according to the rules of the art; much 
less according to the new, and highly-wrought, and fashionable style. He is not 
Ignorant how classic is the present age; and that he is not writing for the learned, 
but for the plain and unlettered. It shall suffice him if he express himself accord- 
ing to the style of the Holy Spirit, in a clear and simple manner, and so that he 
can be understood by all. 

The distinguished Witsius, in his " Controversy of the Lord," enumerates this 
among the reasons why, at the period of the Reformation, discourses were more 
productive of good than they ai-e at present: because the preachers, being freouently 
uneducated men, and not knowing how to gratify their hearers with far-fetched 
or inflated words of human wisdom, sought to reach the heart by speaking the 
words of God, in demonstration of the Spirit and with power. It is hoped that 
the spelling will be an objection to no one, for the author is not a Hollander by 
birth. That he began to preach in the Netherlands language, was in consequence 
of the advice of the Rev. Otto Verbrugge, late Professor of Theology and the 
Oriental Languages at Lingen, (then his esteemed instructor,) now located at 
Groningen. Some of these Sermons are upon texts suggested to him by friends, 
with the request that he would treat them. For the most part, they have been 
composed when he was not at home, but at North Branch or Raritan; hence there 
will have crept in some things which will demand an indulgent eye. But there 
will, also, probably be found in them some things that will be edifying; for *' who 
hath despised the day of small things " ? 

Be they, however, as they may, they will be obtruded upon no one; he that is 
not pleased with them, may lay them acide. Truly we live in times so sorrowful 
that the discourse, Hosea 4, may well be regarded a word spoken in season. The 
fear there expressed may appear to many as unfounded, but has already, to a great 
extent, been realized; for since that time judgments have been multiplied, so that 
he may say, the thing that I feared is come; and what the future shall still disclose, 
is known to the all-wise God alone. It will be nothing desirable unless there be 
a general turning to the Lord. Oh! that we were wise, and heard the rod and 
Him who hath appointed it, and submitted to divine chastisements, that the 

OF THE State of ^New Yoke. 2619 

Lord might not Tvitlidraw his blessing frona us, and make us desolate, and a land 
not Inhabited. (Jer. 6 : 8.) 

Farewell, reader. Peruse these discourses without prejudice and for edifi- 
cation: to which end. the Lord graciously vouchsafe his blessing. I seek not 
praise; I fear not blame. 

March 2, 1733. 

Titles of the Sermons. 

1. The Sins of Touth Lamented and Deprecated. Ps. 25: 7. " Remember not 
the Sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to thy mercy, remember 
thou me, for thy goodness" sake, O Lord." 

2. The Way of God with His People in the Sanctuary. Ps. 25: 10. "All the 
paths of the Lord are mercy and truth unto such as keep his covenant and his 

3. God's People — Signs and Wonders. Ps. 71: 7. " I am as a wonder unto 
many; but thou art my strong refuge." 

4. The Man of Sorrow. Lam. 3:1, "I am the man that hath seen afflictioa 
by the rod of his wrath." 

5. The Lord's Controversy with His People. Hos. 4: 1, 2, 3. " Hear the word 
of the Lord, ye children of Israel: for the Lord hath a controversy with the 
inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of 
God in the land. By swearing and lying, and stealing, and committing adultery, 
they break out, and blood toucheth blood. Therefore shall the land mourn, and 
every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field and the 
fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away." 

6. The Children of God by Trials Preserved from Self-exaltation. 2 Cor. 12: 7. 
"And lest I should be exalted above measure, through the abundance of the 
revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan 
to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure," 

7. The Believer's Well-founded Expectation of Future Glory. 2 Pet. 3: 13. 
" Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new 
earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness." 

8. The Announcement of God's Judgment upon the Corrupt Members of the 
Church. Rev. 8: 13. "And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst 
of heaven, saying with a loud voice. Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth, 
by reason of the other voices of the trumpets of the three angels, which are yet to 

9. The Soul Seeking Jesus. John 20: 11-18. " But Mary stood without at the 
by reason of the other voices of the trumpets of the three angels, which are yet to 
ulcher, etc., etc" 

10. The Soul Covenanting with God. Josh. 24: 22. "And Joshua said unto the 
people. Ye are witnesses against yourselves, that ye have chosen you the Lord, 
to serve him. And they said we are witnesses." 

(Reprinted with other sermons of his by the Board of Publication of the B^ 
formed Church in America, 1856.) 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

A. (P?) van Driessen. 

1733, March 21st, A letter was read from Rev. A. (P?) van 
Driessen, of Albany, whose contents require no reply. xL 94, 

Dutch Church of ISTew York. 
March 21, 1733. 

Commission by the Rev. Consistory of Mr. Gerrit van Wagenen as Precentor In 
the Old Church, (Garden st.) 

Since the Old Church of the Dutch Reformed Congregation at New York a.t 
present lacks a Foresinger, with a Schoolmaster and Visitor of the Sick, and it 
is necessary that these offices should be undertaken as soon as possible by a 
suitable person; the Rev. Consistory, in consequence of the general testimony to 


2620 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


yonr fitness, turned their attention to you, so that on the 20th of March, 1732-3, 
they unanimously resolved to appoint you to those offices. Therefore, the Con- 
sistory of the Dutch Reformed Congregation in the city of New York hereby fully 
appoint you, Mr. Gerrit Van Wagenen (at present Foresinger in the Low Dutch 
Reformed Congregation at Kingstown) (Kingston), to the aforesaid offices. 

And, if you are inclined to accept the same here, we name and commission you 
as Clerk and Foresinger for the Dutch Reformed Congregation of New York, in 
their so-called Old Church (even as Mr. Van Arnheim renders the service in the 
Kew Church); and also to be the Visitor of the Sick for the whole congregation, 
and to keep school In the Dutch language, and finally to keep the books of the 
Elders, Deacons and Church Masters. 

That is, to express our intention still further — 

1st. To exercise the function of Clerk and Foresinger on all occasions of pub- 
lic worship, both in preaching and in catechising, which now is done on Wed- 
nesday mornings, as often as. and at such times and hours iu the future, as the 
Consistory shall appoint, for the edifying of the congregation; likewise in the 
absence or sickness of the minister, to read in public worship the Forms of 
Prayer, and a Semion from some approved orthodox writer, according to the direc- 
tion of the Consistory in such case. 

2nd. Especially do the Consistory expect you to be active and diligent in 
keeping school, since nothing Is more necessary for those who belong to our con- 
gregation; and, in that case, there Is no doubt that several others will send their 
children to you to be taught reading, writing, ciphering, and also the principles 
of the true Reformed religion; and the Rev. Consistory will secure you, from 
time to time, at least twelve children from the poor, with payment therefor 
(presently to be stated), that you may teach them, as all other children in your 
school, according to their capacity, to read, write and cipher, the usual prayers and 
the Heidelberg Catechism; and, further. In your school keeping, and the use of 
books therein, you are to act in all respects as the Consistory shall judge to be 
most useful, with such additions or alterations as experience shall show to be best. 

3rd. As each one of the Schoolmasters has had the duty of Visitor of the Sick, 
BO you are to make no piteous scruples concerning the service (however weighty 
In Itself), but render it as the Ministers shall orally direct you. 

4th. As to the keeping of the books of the Rev. Consistory, that is to be done 
In the best manner, to attain legibility, as you may see. 

To encourage you In undertaking these offices, the Rev. Consistory promise you, 
for performing the said services, as before written. 
First. As Foresinger and Visitor of the Sick, yearly and every year, 

to be paid quarterly 15.0 

Second. For the Schoolteaching of twelve of the children of the poor, 

to be paid quarterly 10.0 

Third. For keeping the Books of Consistory 9.0 

Fourth. Four cords of Wood, yearly, more or less 

Fifth. You shall also minutely record all the children who are brought to the 
Old Churcli for baptism, and conduct yourself therein according to the 
direction of the Rev. Consistory as the Ministers shall announce to you. 
For each child that you record, you shall receive at least a half quarter, 
and as much more as the parties shall present you. 

Your salary as Foresinger shall commence from the time that it shall cease at 
Kingstown (Kingston, N. Y.); and as Schoolmaster from the time school here 
begins. As to the keeping of the books, if you have no inclination for this, the 
Rev. Consistory must look out for some one else; meanwhile 

If you carry on your school industriously the Consistory doubts not the citizens 
here will send you such a number of children, that, altogether, your salary will 
furnish an adequate support for your family. 
— Thus the Consistory, heartily desiring that you will readily accept this com- 

mission for the aforesaid offices on the conditions expressed, will receive you with 
sincere affection and show you their favor. 

Wherefore they expect and desire, by the first opportunity, a speedy answer 
that you undertake these services in the fear of the Lord, and your arrival in 
New York to enter upon them. 

With prayer for God's gracious blessing therein upon your person and family. 

Thus done in our Consistory, 21st of March, 1733. 

Gualterus Du Bols, p. t. Praes. 

N. B. — Besides the foregoing Commission, the Consistory promised to pay Mr. 
Gerrit Van Wagenen, over and aljove, for the first two years (and no longer), Six 
Pounds, yearly. New Y'ork currency, for his house rent; whereupon, on a certain 
day, he appeared before the Consistory and accepted the proposed services. 

G. Du Bois, p. t. Praes. 
— Hist, of the School of the Collegiate Dutch Church, pp. 43, 44. 

Church of ]^ew York. 

Publication made from the Pulpit of both Churches, (Garden st. and Cedar Bt.) to 

the Dutch Reformed Christian Congregation in New York, on Sunday, June 10, 


Beloved in the Lord: — The Reverend Consistory, taking to heart the extreme 

necessity, usefulness and benefit under the Lord's blessing, for this congregation 

In general, that there should be a Foresinger In the Old Church, and a Visitor of 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 2621 

the Sick, and for the youth In particular, that there should be a good Dutch 
Orthodox Schoolmaster maintained among us, has, In testimony of Mr. Gerrit Van 
Wagenen's good qualifications, called him to these ofl3ices and he has accepted the 

Therefore, Notice is hereby given to the Christian Congregation that Mr. Gerrit 
Van Wagenen is appointed Visitor of the Sick in our congregation, and Foresinget 
in the Old Church, just as Mr. Jan Van Arnheim is Foresinger in the New Church, 
and is to record who is baptized there. 

The Christian Congregation will please conduct themselves accordingly; 

Further, Notice is given that Mr. Van Wagenen will be Schoolmaster in the 
Dutch, uuder the inspection and orders of the Consistory, so as best to advance the 
youth in the Dutch language, in the arts of reading, writing and ciphering, and 
also in the elements of the Dutch Reformed Religion. He will therefore appear 
with the school-children at the public catechising in the Church, that they may 
recite the questions according to their ability, and he may show his diligent per- 
formance of all his duties. 

The Consistory will also, from time to time, take care that your reasonable 
expectations as to the good instruction of your children in reading, writing and 
ciphering, and also in the prayers, the Catechism and catechising in the Dutch, 
are fulfilled. 

And as there are in our Congregation persons unable to pay the school money, 
these shall give notice of their children, of seven years or over, to Mr. Van 
Wagenen, who will inform the Consistory; and they, having given their consent, 
will pay the school money required. 

Therefore, the Consistory hopes that all this may prove a desired success for our 
Church, and that the Christian Congregation will be pleased to support the same 
for the general good, for themselves and their children, by assiduously, and in good 
number, sending scholars to Mr. Van Wagenen's School of Orthodoxy. 

We justly expect this the more, because, for a long time, we have heard the 
wish and desire of many for a good Dutch School among us, according to the 
language and religion of our Church; as, also, because it is so absolutely necessary, 
useful and salutary for the Christian rearing, teaching and training of our youth, 
In order to gain them, from the earliest period, to the language of our Church, and 
to a love for the Dutch Reformed worship, that the prosperity of our Church may 
be furthered, with heartfelt prayer to God for his blessing. 

Thus doue in our Session. 

In the name and authority of the Reverend Consistory, 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 
— Hist, of the School of the Collegiate Church, p. 45. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
Letter to 'New York. 

1733, April 13th. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras read a 
letter to the ministers of JSTew York, in reply to their last letter, 
and the same was approved, xi. 95. 

1733, April 14. Rev. Mancius to Classis of Amsterdam. (Not 


Complaint Against the Sheriff of Westchester for Re- 
fusing THE Votes of Certain Quae:ers at the Election". 

To William Cosby Governour of the Province of New York etc. 

The Complaint and Humble Petition of Richard Cornwell. Nehemiah Palmer & 
Sylvanus Palmer in behalf of themselves and some others of the People called 


2622 Ecclesiastical Records 

Quakers Inhabitants In the Coanty of West Chester in the Province of New York 
Sheweth that we are and for many years past have been Possessed of houses and 
Lands being Estates in fee Simple within Said County and have always behaved 
and demeaned ourselves toward those placed in authority over us and to all our 
fellow Subjects as become honest and peaceable men to do, and when there has 
been any occasion for our Evidences in any of the Courts within this Province 
and on other occasions, we have been admitted for these many years to make our 
Solemn affirmation, instead of an oath, by virtue of an Act of Assembly made in 
tliis Province in the Year of our Lord 1691 and afterwards confirmed by the King 
and Queen of England, and we have also been allowed at all times since the mak- 
ing of that act to give our votes at the Election of Representatives and when any 
doubt has arisen about any persons being a freeholder, our Solemn Affirmation 
has been allowed for the clearing the matter, Untill the late Election of a free- 
holder for a representative for the Said County when the High Sheriff Nicholas 
Cooper did refuse and deny us and Severall more of our friends to give our votes 
for Lewis Morris one of the Candidates at the Said Election unless we would take 
an oath that we were Freeholders, though well known to be Such to most of the 
People present and when we offered our Affirmation according to Law that waa 
rejected, when at the same time two of our friends who voted for the other 
Candidate William Forster were admitted without either oath or affirmation and 
yet no better known to be freeholders then we that were denied, and one of ua 
who was denied, was after when the election was finished Suffered both by the 
Sheriff and Forster too. to Joyne in the Execution of the Indentures as a prin- 
cipal] Freeholder and that without oath. 

Now we thy Petitioners have been Informed by Council Learned in the Law, 
that every one of us that was so denied our vote may have his action upon the 
case against the Sheriff, for his So violent attempt on our Liberties and privi- 
ledges, but we not being inclined to use such rigorous means. Chose rather to 
apply to thee for redress, who art the Kings Representatives, hoping thou wilt 
not Countenance such arbitrary proceedings, but be pleased to grant our request 
to discharge the said Nicholas Cooper from his office of High Sheriff and thereby 
discourage Such proceedings for the future; that we with all other our friends 
may from henceforth I]njoy all our Lawfull liberties and priviledges Quietly and 
peaceably and Not be deprived thereof by any partial Magistrates or officers, Nor 
by any forced or Strained construction of Law contrary to the so long & constant 
practice of the Governours and Magistrates of this Province, and manifest intent 
of the Law-makers But besides the above recited Law of this Province there is 
an Act of Parliament made in the Eighth year of the late King George the first, 
that allows us the form of Affirmation therein prescribed, which we conceive 
Extends to all the people called Quakers in the Kings dominions, and has sinca 
the making thereof been frequently made use of in this Province and though Some 
People have been of opinion that it does not extend to us, yet it is manifest that 
It was the intent of the Lawmakers that it should for our late Governour Mont- 
gomerie told Doctor John Rodman & Edward Burling that he was a Parliament 
man at the time when that act was made, and helpt promote it and that it was 
Intended for all the people called Quakers in the Kings dominions and that all 
should have the benefit of it etc. and further Said that if any Magistrates or 
•officer denied it to any of our friends let him but know it and he would punish 
him for it. 

We are thy friends and Well wishers, 

Richard Cornwell. 
Silvanus Palmer. 
18 December 1733. Read & referred, 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 610, 61L 

Keport ON" th:e Complaint of Quakers for IN'ot Being Al- 
lowed TO Vote. (1733) 

Att a Committee of the Councill held at ffort George in New York on Friday the 
asth Day of December, 1733. 

Present — Mr. Harrison Mr. Delancey Mr. Courtlandt Mr. Lane Mr. Horsmanden. 

May it please your Excellency: In Obedience to Your Excellency's Order in 
Council of the 18th December instant referring to us the Consideration of the 
Matters of Complaint mentioned in the petition of Richard Cornwell & Silvanus 
Palmer in behalf of themselves & others of the people called Quakers against 
Nicholas Cooper Esq. High Sheriff of the County of West Chester & set forth in 
the minutes of Councill of that day to which We beg leave to refer We having 
heard & examined both partys as well in defence as in Justification of the said 
Matter of Complaint Do humbly report to your Excellency. 

That as to the Sheriffs refusing the Complainants their votes at the late Election 
for a Representative for the County of West Chester or their affirmation of their 
being freeholders in the Said County We find that the Complainants having offered 

OF THE State of ^ew Yoek. 2623 

their Votes for Lewis Morris Esq., one of the Candidates at that Election were 
Challenged by William fforster the other Candidate who required the Sheriff to 
tender to the Complainants the oath of ffreehold That the Complainants conceiving 
themselves as being of the people called Quakers entitled to the Liberty & privi- 
ledge of giving their aflBrmation instead of an oath refused to take the Oath re- 
quired but offered their affirmation of their being freeholders that thereupon the 
Sheriff told the Complainants he could not admit them to poll unless they would 
take oath of ffreehold as directed by act of assembly which by the other Candidate 
he was required to administer; That the Complainants having refused to take Such 
oath the Sheriff refused their votes. 

That as to the Sheriffs having taken the Votes of others of the people called 
Quakers who voted for Forster without having taken their oath or affirmation We 
find that they not having been Challenged nor their ffreeholds questioned were 
admitted by the Sheriff to give their Votes at Said Election. 

That the Sheriff tendered the Oath of ffreehold to none of the people called 
Ouakers but what was Challenged & when required thereto & refused to none of 
them their Votes if not Challenged. 

Upon the whole and after a full hearing the petitioners having waived a farther 
Examination into the particulars of their Complaint Except what related to theif 
right to Vote, if regularly Challenged to their ffreehold, upon their affirmation only 
without regard had to the oath directed by Act of General Assembly in each 
respective City & County within this province, And the Sheriff justifying his Con- 
duct at the Election before mentioned by the words of Said Act which we appre- 
hend to be Matter of Law We humbly recommend to your Excellency to refer the 
Said petition & said Sheriffs justification to liis Maties Attorney Generall for his 
opinion thereon. 

This may it please Your Excellency Is what the Committee find upon their 
examination of, and Inquiry into, the allegations or Matters of Complaint in the 
Complts. petition set forth all which is humbly Submitted to yotir Excellency. 

By your Excellencys most obedient humble Servants, 

By order of the Committee, 

Henry Lane, 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol iii. pp. 611, 612. 

E.EV. Michael Cheistiatt Knoll at Quassaick, Etc. 

In the year 1733 the Minister Michael Christian Knoll upon his Vocation to 
stand here in New York and at Hakkinsack, and at Quassaik Creek, and at the 
Weapons Criek, he served that Year and every year, according to his Vocation at 
Quaissaik, twice, receiving a Year thirty Chepels of Wheat some of the lasft 
Years being unpaid. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 354. 

1733, Ma J 3/12. Church of New York to the Classis oir 
Amsterdam. (IvTot found.) 

Governor Cosby to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Burlington, May 3rd, 1733. 

My Lord, On my arrival at New York I found Mr. Lewis Morris Chief Justice, 
Mr. James Deiancy Second Judge, and Mr. Frederick Phillips the third Judge of 
the Supreme Court of that Province; the two last Men of good Characters both, as 
to their understanding and integrity, but the Chief Justice a Man under a general 
dislike, not only for his want of probity, but for his delay of Justice, his excessive 
pride and his oppression of the people. These things. My Lord, I have been obliged 
to hear, without the mention of any one virtue in his behalf. I have often ex- 
pected that he would come to me, as others before him thought it their duty to 
former Governours, from whence I might have an opportunity to tell him of these 
complaints; but whether it be owing to his pride, his folly, or some unaccountable 



2624 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

humour, he has not been once to visit me since I have been here, and I hare bo 
reason to thinlc, that any admonition would have the least effect upon him, or If it 
would, things are come to that pass, that I can no longer suffer him to sitt upon 
that Bench. I will point out a few of his faults, and give an instance to prove 
each, that your Grace may see I do not displace without reason. And: 

First, of his partiality. Some years ago the dissenters of the parish of Jamaica 
In this province brought an Ejectment against the Church Ministers for the Church 
he preached in and was possessed of; when the Tryal came on, the Defendants' 
Council demured to the Plaintiff's evidence; Morris the Chief Justice desired them 
to wave the demurer, telling them that if the Jury found for the Plaintiff he would 
grant the Defendants a new Tryal; the Defendants' Council were very unwilling 
to do it, but however knowing the Man and fearing the worst from him, if they 
refused, they did consent, and the Jury found for the Plaintiff; the Defendants 
Council moved the next term (before Judgement) for a new Tryall, and urged his 
promise; he denied at first that he gave any, but when they offered to make oath 
of it, he said a rash promise ought not to be kept, and never would grant them a 
new Tryall; whereby they lost their Church, and the Dissenters have ever since 
had it; its talked and believed to, that he was bribed to it, but as I have had no 
proof offered me, I have made no inquiry about it; his partiality however is evident. 

— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol v. pp. &42, 943. 

Dutch Chuech of IN'ew Yoek, 
Manor of Fordliam. 

IsTew York, May 28, 1733. 
The Consistory exacted the following concerning the Manor of 

1. The persons authorized on Aug. 4, 1732, viz., Jeronymus 
Remsen, John Roosevelt, Abrm. Van Wyck and Gerardus Beek- 
man, shall immediately summon Johannes Yermilye before them, 
and claim satisfaction for his not fulfilling his contract to build 
a house; and demand back the land which he has taken from the 
Church, or otherwise it will be exacted by law; likemse to see if 
good witnesses can be found that he has taken wood from the 
Manor, to enclose his o^\tl land. 

2. They shall say to Hendrick Michielse, that for the land he 
has taken on the Manor, he shall pay yearly, 40 shillings, iSTew 
York currency, and sign a writing therefor, or else give it up; and 
in that case, the authorized persons may lease it, as they best can, 
to Benjamin Corsse. 

3. They shall require Reier Michielse immediately to give up 


OF THE State of !N'ew York. i 2625 

the land whicli lie or his father has taken, and set his fence upon 
the right line, or else it shall be exacted b^ law without delay. 
The land thus obtained they shall also lease, as best they can, to 
Benjamin Corsse. , 

4. They are also authorized, at the expense of the Church, to 
put a good fence opposite De Lancy's mill, up to the fences of the 
leased farms on the Manor. 

5. They shall say expressly to Peter Yalentyn that he shall 
take knowledge of all harm done on the Manor, and at once report 
the same to Mr. G. Beekman, director of the Manor, or to the 
Consistory, and especially with reference to the new fence ordered 
to be made ; with the proviso that, if Peter Valentyn neglects this, 
and so injury is done to the Manor, he shall immediately be re- 
moved from his farm. He shall also sign a writiag to this effect, 
to submit to the orders of the authorized persons, or forfeit his 
longer continuance on the farm. 

6. Since something has been taken from the farm of Hendrick 
Bruyn, and added to that of Benjamin Corsse, the authorized per- 
sons shall, as they find best, allow an abatement of rent to Hen- 
drick Bruyn, and agree upon an increase of rent with Benjamin 

7. The Consistory approved of the laying out of forty acres, 
according to the map, and accompanying explanation made by 
Abrm. Van Wyck, May 24, 1733, and grants a deed of the same 
to John Orchard, to satisfy his claim, founded upon a written 
promise of Steenvtyck, to give him, as son-in-law, a home-lot on 
the Manor of Fordham; provided that John Orchard, on receiving 
the deed, will give a receipt in full to the Consistory; and in order 
to conceal all claim upon the Manor, every written obligation 
shall be delivered to the Consistory. ; 

Thus done in our Consistory meeting, unanimously, on the date 
above given. .Witness in name, etc. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 




Dutch Chuech of !N"ew Yoek. 

Further Statement of tlie Rev. Consistory's Mission to Eev. Gerrit 
van Wagenen for the aforesaid Offices. June 13, 1733. 

First: Your school is to be kept in this way: 

1. In summer from 8 to 11 A. M. and from 1 to 4 P. M. In winter, from 8.30 to 
11.80, A. M.; and from 1 to 4 P. M. 

2. On Festival-days, you will, as usual, be free, but only with our knowledge and 
consent. Also on Friday forenoon when the Proef-predikatie is held in the Old 
Church; and according to custom, on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons. 

3. Your school is to begin and end with prayer and singing. On Wednesday 
morning, when there is catechizing in the Old Church, you must take the school 
children there, and keep them and the others in order till the catechizing begins; 
must listen to the questions, etc., in the Church, and on the following Thursday 
morning, catechize your children In school, as to their proficiency in the matters 
treated on the preceding day. 

4. You will also see to it that on Saturday forenoon, the school-children, both 
boys and girls, recite, so far as possible, in turn, the " Lord's Day " of the 
Catechism which is next to be preached upon, so that they may properly recite the 
same in the Old Church and the New. 

5. In your school, only edifying and approved orthodox books shall be used^ 
according to the order of the Consistory. 

6. At least four times in the year you shall have a formal examination in the 
presence of the Consistory, or a Committee thereof. 

Secondly: As to the children of the poor: 

They must be seven years old or over. When persons apply to you to have their 
children taught at the expense of the Church, you are to take their names, and the 
names of the children, and their ages, and say that you will notify the Consistory, 
and answer as they shall direct. Then you will deliver the list to the Praeses for 
the time, who will subsequently inform you of the decision of the Consistory. 

It is agreed that the Consistory shall pay you the schoolmoney, as first intended, 
for twelve children; then, if more are allowed, you will be paid in proportion pro- 
vided that you set none of the children of the poor, to writing or cyphering, with- 
out the consent of one of the ministers. 

But if you take in any children, without the consent of the Consistory, that is to 
stand on your own account. 

Every quarter you will deliver to the Consistory or to the Deacon«, a complete 
list of the children of the poor, with the names of their parents, and what each 
one learns, whether reading, writing or cyphering, with a precise bill, and thus 
make a proper show for your payment. 

If any children are absent, you are to inquire if it is with the knowledge of 
their parents, so that the matter may be attended to, as is needful. And when 
poor children are absent, without good reasons, if their parents do not apply a 
remedy, you are to notify the Consistory; and you are to call upon them in any 
dispute which may arise about your school, or your other duties, and when neces- 
sary, give notices thereof to one of the ministers. 

Thirdly: As to the Baptisms: 

1. No illegitimate child, and none whose legitimacy is doubtful, shall be admitted 
to baptism; nor shall any, without the regular witnesses. When you experience 
any difllculty in this or other matters, you will delay action, and at a convenient 
time, seek instruction from one of the ministers; and when it is necessary, obtain 
an order from the Consistory; and thus do your utmost to maintain Holy Baptism 
in an edifying manner among us, according to our Church-Order. 

2. In order to Baptism, the names of the Father and Mother must be stated, 
with those of the child or children, and of the witnesses: the women, by their own 
Burnames, stating whether they are wives or widows; and if the latter, of whom. 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 2627 


If any of these particulars Is lacking in the first proposal, you are to complete the 
statement at the earliest opportunity. 

3. You are to repair to the Praeses at the time, every Monday morning, or when 
it may be convenient to him, and report those who are recorded in the Baptismal 

Your salary, as Foresinger, is to commence from the 15th of May last, and as 
Schoolmaster from the 15th of June. 

Finally, the Consistory reserves to itself the Christian liberty, to make from 
time to time, alterations or limitations in this " Further Statement ", whether In 
the whole, or in any one of its Articles, particularly for explanation or improve- 
ment, as experience shall suggest; — as the Commission also stated. 

The original hereof is given to you, and you are also to sign it. 

Thus done in our meeting at New York, June 13, 1733. 

Henricus Bod, p. t. Praeses. 

The Foregoing Commission and this Further explanation by the Rev. Consistory, 
of which the original was given me, I undertake, in the fear of the Lord, with 

Gerrit van Wagenen. 
New York, June 20, 1733. 

Lib. A. 297-300. 

Dutch Church of I^ew York. 
Manor of FordliairL 

ITew York, July 18, 1733. 
There was delivered to the Consistory a writing, signed and 
sealed, by John Orchard, that he was satisfied for his claim of 
forty acres for a home lot on the Manor, and renounced, forever, 
any further right on the Manor. His request was granted for a 
copy of the above mentioned writing, certified by the President 
at the time. That was done upon the order of the Consistory, 
with this underwritten : " The above is recog-nized as a true copy, 
in our Consistory Meeting at New York, July 18, 1733. Witness 

in the name, etc. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses. 

Further, the request of John Orchard to have in writing the 
approval of the Consistory respecting the land laid out for him 
by Mr. Abrm. Van Wyck is thus satisfied: That this land, thus 
laid out and described in writing is entirely according to the order 
of the Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Congregation, and ap- 
proved in their Consistory Meeting at ]^ew York, July 18, 1733^ 

Witness in name, etc. 

Henricus Boel, p. t. Praeses, 


2628 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Dutch Ohuech of ^ew York. 

Appointment by the Rev. Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Church of New Tort 
of Mr. Jan van Arnheim, as Foresinger, etc., in the New Church (Cedar St.) 
July 30, 1733. 

Inasmuch as, on the 12th day of October, 1730, the Rev. Consistory appointed 
Mr. Jan van Arnheim, Clerk and Foresinger in the New Church (Cedar St.), which 
service he actually began on the 6th of December following; and on the 20th day 
of December, 1731, a yearly salary was, allowed him for his faithful service; and 
finally, on March 21, 1733, It was determined that Mr. Gerrit van Wagenen, called 
to be Clerk, etc., in the Old Church, (Garden st.), should, on undertaking those 
offices, record the requests for baptism in the Old Church, and Mr. van Arnheim 
record only those of the New Church. 

And, moreover, since by order of the Consistory on the 6th of June, notice of 
this was published on June 10th from the pulpits of both churches, and a formal 
Acte concerning his services, was placed in the hands of Mr. van Wagenen; and 
therefore Mr. van Arnheim requested the Rev. Consistory to give him a like written 
Acte for himself. 

This being deemed reasonable was granted by the Consistory at their meeting, 
July 10, 1733, and is as follows: 

The Rev. Consistory hereby declares that they have fully appointed you, Mr. Jan 
van Arnheim, to be Clerk and Foresinger for our congregation in the New Church; 
and that you have, from the 6th of December, 1730, to the present time, per- 
formed edifyingly those duties according to our expectation. 

Wherefore, at your own request, the Rev. Consistory passes this Acte: 

1. That you are Clerk and Foresinger in the New Church, to render the service 
there on all occasions of public worship on Sundays, or at other appointed times, 
according to the edifying custom of our Reformed Dutch Church; and In case of the 
sickness or absence of the minister, to read the Forms of Prayer, and a Sermon, 
from an approved, orthodox book, according to the order fixed by the Consistory in 
such a case, so as In all things to conduct yourself to the edification of the 

2. You shall suitably record (the names of) all who are to be baptized in the 
New Church, in this manner: 

(1) No illegitimate child, nor any whose legitimacy Is doubtful, shall be received 
by you; nor any others, without the required witnesses to the Baptism. In cases 
where this occasions you any difliculty, you w^ill delay action, and at a convenient 
time, notify one of the ministers, and seek direction; and when it Is necessary, 
receive orders from the Rev. Consistory; and so do your best to maintain among 
us the Holy Baptism in an edifying way, according to our Church-Order. 

(2) The names of the Father, Mother, and the child or children who are to be 
baptized, and of the witnesses, must be recorded in full; the women by their names 
and surnames, and also whether they are wives or widows, and if so, of whom. 
And if any of these facts is lacking in the first statement, you are to supply the 
deficiency at the earliest opportunity. 

(3) You are to report to the Praeses for the time being, every Monday morning, 
or whenever it may be most convenient to him, all the names, which shall then be 
recorded In the Baptismal Book. 

So it remains, that 

1. That your yearly salary as Clerk and Foresinger, shall be — as the Consistory 
has hitherto allowed and paid yon during your faithful service in the Old Church 
from year to year — twelve pounds ten shillings, New York money. 

2. Besides, you may receive for recording each person baptized in the New 
Church, at least a half-quarter, and as much more as any so disposed may give you. 

Finally, the Rev. Consistory reserves to Itself the Christian freedom to make, 
if necessary, any explanation or improvement of this Acte, for the benefit of the 
Congregation. The original of this is given to you that you may subscribe to the 
proper performance of all. 

Thus done in New York, July SO, 1733. 

Henricus BoeJ, p. t. Praeses. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 2629 

The foregoing Acte, of which the original is given to me, I, In the fear of the 
l-ord, undertalie to perform, with thanksgiving to the Rev. Consistory. 

Jan van Aernenx. 
New Yorl£, 

August 27th, 1733. 

Dutch C'hukch of ^ew York. 
Manor of Fordham. 

'New York, Aug. 21, 1Y33. 
The persons authorized to direct the Manor, gave answer upon 
the foregoing Act of May 28, 1733, and the Consistory approved 
their doings thus far. 

As to what concerns Hendrick and Reier Michiel, this could 
not be carried out, but would be attempted at the first oppor- 
tunity. Also, as Mr. Bruyn was dead, they would agree with his 
widow or son about the rent, as soon as Mr. Beekman went to the 

It is also reported, that there is not wood enough to make the 
fence ordered on the Manor. Therefore, Resolved to postpone 
this until a future occasion. 

1733, Aug. 26. Rev. J. T. Frelinghuysen to the Complainants. Copy sent to 
Classis of Amsterdam, but not found, xi. 157. Extracts, Vol. xill. 277-281. (See 
under date, 1734.) 

1733, SepL 27. Complainants to Rev. Frelinghuysen. Copy sent to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, but not found, xi. 157. Extracts, xxlL 277-281. (See under date, 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Ministers of jN'ew York, October 
6, 1733. xxix. 124. No. 27. 

Eev., Learned and Godly Gentlemen and Beloved Brethren in Jesus Christ our 
Your very a^eeable and lengthy letter of 3/12 May, 1733, we safely received. 
We also read it, with all the documents enclosed, being extracts from letters and 
other papers. We especially thank you for the accurate and straightforward ac- 
counts contained in your communications. Thereby we are fully convinced of the 
trouble you have taken, and the zeal you have manifested for the order and peace 
of the church in your regions. We hope that God will give his favor to your holy 
purposes, and establish the work of your hands in these efforts; yea, may he 
abundantly reward you for your labor of love, which you have shown toward his 
holy Name. In all things that you hjuve done we recognize new proofs of your 




2630 EccLEsiASTicAi. Eecords 

fidelity to us, long tried as it is, as well as your readiness to maintain unbroken; 
correspondence with us which is most praiseworthy in you. All this is evident 
from the fact that you have frankly told us all that has happened and of the 
progress made by you towards those ends, namely, to obtain submission to our 
decisions, and acceptance of our advice on all difficult questions. You have also 
promised to labor to get all the churches to correspond with us, so that church 
government may be more uniformly conducted. You have even induced the Rev. 
godly and learned George William Mancius, pastor at Kingston, to offer to 
correspond with us, and which offer we have accepted. You may expect. Rev. 
Brethren, always to find in us a readiness to do all in our power to make our 
correspondence useful to you, and we hope that it may long continue unbroken. 

You speak of the Minutes of the Synod which are sent over for the use of yout 
own and the other churches; that they should be distributed with prudence, so 
that evil minded persons may not make a wrong use of them. We entrust it to 
your discretion and fidelity, to extend the use of these Minutes only so far, as you 
deem will be for the best^ interest of your own church, and the other churches, and 
will most surely accomplish the object of our correspondence. We will be guided 
hereafter by your wishes in regard to the address, so as the better to protect you 
from all suspicion. We can the better do this without exciting the prejudice of 
even your own Consistory, since in the letter under the signatures of you all, they 
appear to have full confidence in all your acts. 

As regards your principal request, dear Brethren, as to the character of the 
reply you should make to the letter of the Very Rev. Mr. Ostade, in the name 
of the Highly Rev. Deputies of the Synod of South and North Holland, sent to 
you and the other members of the Dutch Church at New York, (we answer): 

The Rev. Classis has the best of reasons to give you and your Consistory full 
liberty to act according to your own preferences and judgment. But as we 
intimated above, we will, on our part, stri-ctly carry on the correspondence, and 
maintain it according to all its articles. We have also perfect confidence in you, 
that you will never do or permit anything, which in your judgment would mili- 
tate against the Correspondence on either side. So far as we understand the 
intentions in the letter of the Deputies of Synod and of the Clerk, the request is, 
not to maintain a regular correspondence with their High Reverences, but to 
give special information in this particular case, so that the condition of the 
churches in Pennsylvania may be exactly known. Neither do we think that 
anything is sought or required of you or the Consistory of New York which is 
beyond your power. Each knows best the constitution of his own church and 
does well to regulate himself thereby. You. having determined to communicate 
to us, to whom you are immediately subordinate, according to your own state- 
ment, information about the state of the churches in Pennsylvania, which you 
receive from others; so, we assure you, we will communicate the same to the 
Synod of North Holland, even as we shall make use of what is contained in the 
accompanying extracts from the letters of Captain Lamorence (Lawrence?), Rev. 
Bohm and others. 

The care of the churches of Pennsylvania, Rev. Sirs, was not referred to 
Heydelberg; but the object was to seek there an able man, who could serve the 
German churches, and also learn, from close observation, the character of the 
church organization of the German Palatinate churches. But all this, is as yet, 
only an idea of Synod, and still far from execution. In regard to the latter 
part of the object of this mission, the more distinct and accurate the reports 
which Synod receives concerning those churches, the less necessity will there 
be for such a mission. One thing among others which has given Synod occa- 
sion to entertain such an idea, is, that the sending of the German ministers to 
Pennsylvania, has heretofore taken place directly from the Palatinate, and 
through the Consistory of Heydelberg. 

That you were able to give us so much commendation concerning Rev. Boehm, 
Is a source of much pleasure to us, especially because the accounts heretofore 
received, somewhat indirectly, were not so favorable respecting his conduct. As 
our tried friends, we depend upon your statements, for you are men of truth 
and trust. In all things, even when they relate to the advantage or disad- 
vantage of ministers, yon consider first, the edification of the churches. There- 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2631 

fore we are sorry on his account that, owing to the divisions In his con^egatlonB, 
It is possible that such complaints should be concocted and received. 

The Rev. Classis will seriously ponder your request concerning the reconcIUf^ 
tion of Rev. Peter Van Driessen, with the Rev, Vas and the delegates from Kings- 
ton. Everything which you have proposed, decided and accomplished in this 
case, is approved, and hearty thanks are offered you for the broad deductions 
which you make of all that has occurred, and for all the trouble yau have taken 

From our last letter to you, you have learned what has been done in the case 
of John Van Driessen. Surely you have no longer any reason for taking umbrage 
at the misrepresentations which have been circulated about you from other 
quarters, as if you had done anything contrary to Church Order in ordaining 
Rev. Boehm. We know, as well as yourselves, that you did nothing except hj 
our order, and therefore we only are responsible. 

In reference to the affairs In the church of Rev. Frielinghuysen, as well eb in 
reference to himself personally, there seems to be great confusion. We scarcely 
know how to begin, in seeking a decision in that case, and keeping to truth and 
conscience. But about this and other points in your letter, we will deliberate 
further and communicate results hereafter. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren, we commend your dear persons, families, and ministry 
which is so important, to God and the word of his grace. May he keep you and 
yours in his most holy keeping, and pour out upon you his most precioua 

We are, etc., etc. 

Leonard Reels, Praeses, etc 
Thomas Van Son, Scriba, etc 
Amsterdam, October 5, 1733. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

'Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Eev. George M. Weiss, October 5, 
1733. xxix. 145. 

Reverend Sir: — Tour letter of August 12th 1732, from Catskill, was safely re- 
ceived. We were pleased that you expressed your sincere wish to fulfill all that 
you had promised upon your return to Pennsylvania, and that you had all the 
letters sent by the Classis. We are also happy to learn that these were re- 
ceived with joy. We only wish that we could have seen better results; for peace 
seems yet far from being established. We fear that all have not yet co-operated 
equally towards these objects; but happy are they who have a good conscience 
In reference thereto. We notice that still other confusions arose during your 
absence, by the ordination of a candidate. This is truly a sad condition for 
that church. And then your departure for Scrokkerry (Schoharie?) and later for 
Catskill, in addition to these other matters — all those things do not Improve the 
condition of affairs. For is not the account of the funds collected, very confused? 
And are there not complaints over there that they can get no proper reports, 
because of your absence and distance from them? 

We hope that you may find in your present settlement abundant blessing, and 
that God may turn a favorable eye upon his church in those far distant regions, 
that his name may be known and feared. May his peace reign in the hearts of 
all Lis ministers, and all professing Christians. Then will there be hope that 
peace may blossom out In the congregations. We commend you to God and the 
Word of his grace. 

In the name of all, 

J. Bekker, Dep. CI. Amst. ad res Bxteras, 



2632 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of tlie Deputies and tlieir Correspondence. 

Classis of Amsterdam to E.ev. George William Mancius, Pastor at 
Kingston, October 5, 1733. xxix. 146. 

Rev. Sir and Brother: — Your letter of April 14th, 1733, came to hand in due 
time. May these lines serve in reply. 

It is very agreeable to us to find in you such a willing disposition to correspond 
with the Classis of Amsterdam even as do the ministers of New York, and other 
brethren of those regions; and to submit to its decisions in important ecclesiaa- 
ticat disputes; and this not only under your present relations to the church at 
Kingston, but wherever you may subsequently be called. With the same cor- 
diality with which you offer it, do we accept It, and recognize you as one of 
our correspondents. Whenever you may need our counsel and judgment for your- 
self, for your Consistory, or congregation, we will give our brotherly assistance. 
We trust you will find your Consistory always as ready to yield themselves to 
our decisions in cases concerning which they may make request, as we will 
endeavor to deal faithfully with you and them, according to our experience. 

Furthermore, Rev. Sir, we would kindly advise you, since you were first led 
to make request for this correspondence through the Rev. Ministers in New 
York, who are our confidential friends, to address yourself to them, should you 
need any light in ordinary cases. For they, by long experience, and an unin- 
terrupted correspondence with the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, are thoroughly 
versed with former actions of Classis. 

We conclude with a prayerful wish that the God of all grace will pour out 
the most precious of blessings upon yourself and family, as well as upon your 
ministrations; and may He lead many, through your labors, to know the Name 
of the God of Truth. The Lo»d grant to the church under your care peace and 
grace, and unite us all by one Spirit in one hope. 

We sign ourselves in the name of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

Your Brethren, 

Leonard Beels, Ecc. Amst. Praesea. 
Thos. Van Lou, Ecc. Amst. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, October 5, 1733^ 

Petition of Co-nsistory of the Dutch Church of Albany 
TO THE Mayor and Aldermen, for the Confirmation of 

1733, Oct. 6. The humble Petition of the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the 
Reformed Dutch Church of the city of Albany was presented to this Board and 
is as follows, viz: 

To the worshipful the Mayor, Aldermen and Comonalty of the city of Albany. 

The humble Petition of the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church of Albany sheweth. That the predecessors of your wor- 
ships' Petitioners, continually, for many years now last past, have been as your 
Petitioners now are, quietly seized and possessed of their church and ground thereto 
belonging in the said city of Albany, and also of all that certain parcel of land 
commonly called and known by the name of the Pasture; scituate, lying and 
being to the southward of the city of Albany, within the limits thereof, being 
limited, butted and bounded as in the church charter, or Letters Patent thereof, 
dated the tenth day of August Annoq. Domini one thousand seven hundred and 
twenty, is and are particularly mentioned, expressed and described; and also 
of the old highway from the end of the pasture called Schermerhoom'* pasture. 

OF THE State of !N'ew York. 2633 

and of the Beavers Kill, together with the land thereunto belonging and ap- 
pertaining, scitnate, lying and being to the southward of the said city of Albany, 
being limitted, butted and bounded as by certain deed from your worships' 
predecessors, dated the twelfth day of December Anno Domini one thousand 
six hundred and ninety nine is particularly mentioned, expressed and described; 
and your Petitioners being by the above mentioned charter or Letters patent 
made and created one body corporate and politick in fact and name, do there- 
fore humbly pray that your worship will be pleased for the more assurance in 
the law, of the premises, to conform unto your Petitioners and their successors 
and assigns forever the before mentioned and rented lands and premises accord- 
ing to the tenor, purport and true intent of the said charter, and also to grant 
unto your Petitioners all the certain parcell of ground or burying place which 
for many years past, and now, is in the possession of your Petitioners, lying and 
being on the south east part of the city, containing length on the east side 
twelve rod, on the west side twelve rod nine and a half foot, and in breadth on 
the north by the street nine rod and nine and a half foot, and on the south ten 
rod and two foot all Rynland measure, and your Worships Petitioners as in duty 
bound shall ever pray, etc. 
Albany, the 6th day of October, 1733. 

(Signed) Petr. Van Drieasen. - 

No. Sien deu. 

In behalf of the Petitioners. 

This Board having read and considered of said Petition think it reasonable for 
divers good causes and considerations as also for the sum of five shillings to grant 
the Petitioners' prayer. 

Resolved that the mayor for the time being in behalf of the mayor, aldermen 
and comonalty do execute such deeds or writings as may be sufficient to grant and 
confirm unto the Petitioners, their successors and assigns forever, what in the 
above petition is prayed for and to cause the seal of the city to be thereunto 
affixed. — Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. x. pp. 38, 39, 40. 

!N'ew York Council Journal. 

1733, Oct. 81. William Cosby, Governor. 

Assembly sent to Council a Bill, entitled, "An Act to empower the Vestry of the 
Parish of Jamaica in Queens County, to dispose of sixty pounds, now in the hands 
of the Church Wardens of said Parish for the use and benefit of the Parish. 
Council Journal, 628. Read, Enacted, 628, 629, 630. 

An Act to Impower the Yestry of the Parish of Jamaica in Queens 
County to Dispose of Sixty Pounds ISTow in the Hands of the 
Church Wardens of the Said Parish for the Use and Benefit 
of that Parish. 

^Passed November 1, 1738.) 
WHEREAS after the Death of Mr. Poyer Late Minister of the Parish of 
Jamaica and before the Induction of Mr. Colgan the present Minister thereof there 
was Rais'd In the Parish of Jamaica Aforesaid Sixty pounds and Paid to the 
Church Wardens of Said Parish & no Person Intitled to Receive the Said money 
and it Lyeing Useless to the Inhabitants thereof & cannot be apply'd Without a 
Law for that Purpose Now for the Enabling the Inhabitants in that Case. 

Be it enacted by the Governour the Council & Generall Assembly and it is hereby 
Enacted by the Authority of the Same that the Vestery of the Said Parish of 
Jamaica are hereby Impowered to Receive the Said money from the Church 
Wardens who are hereby Required to pay the Same to them accordingly. And 
upon Such payment to the Said Vestery are hereby Impowered & Required to 



2634 EccLESiASTiCAi. Kecords 

Apply ft to snch Use and Bennefit of the Said Parish as they or the Major part 
of them shall think fltt & to give a Receit for the Same to the said Church 
Wardens which Receit to them Shall be a good & Sufficient Discharge for the 
Said Sixty Pounds anything Hei-ein Contained to the Contrary Notwithstanding.— 
Laws of the Colony of New York. Vol. ii. p. 827. 

Deed Conveying the Mohawk Flatts to the King. 'Nov, 4, 
1733. See May 28, 1736. 

{Being the site of several Cliurclies in Mohawk Valley.) 

Know all men by these presents that we Jacomin, Asarus, Gidion, Cornelius, 
Bett, Whisaw, Asaras, Arras, Sandras, Petrus, Aria, Johanus, in behalf of the rest 
of our Nation. Of the several Tribes of the Turtle, bear and wolf the Native born 
Indians of the Mohock Nation in the County of Albany and province of New York 
In America being deeply sensible of the many benefits & gracious bounties we from 
time to time have received and do now enjoy under the Royal favour and pro- 
tection of his present most Sacred Majesty King George the Second, Have willingly 
and freely given, granted aliened and enfeoffed, released and confirmed, and by 
these presents do, give, grant alien and enfeoffe, release and confirm unto his said 
Majesty King George the Second his heirs successors and assigns all that certain 
tract or parcell of low or meadow land commonly called the Mohocks flatts scituate 
lying and being near Fort Hunter on the south side of the Mohock's River on both 
Bides a Creek called Tiononderoga Creek, and containing by estimation twelve 
hundred acres more or less together with two thousand acres of Wood or uplands 
lying at the back and extending the whole length of the said low or meadow lands 
and all our Estate, Right title. Interest, property claim and demand thereunto, to 
have and to hold all and singular the said meadow and woodlands with all and 
Bingular their appurtenances and premises hereby granted or Intended to be 
granted unto his said Majesty King George the Second his heirs and successors, 
Provided nevertheless and it is the true intent and meaning of these presents and 
upon the special trust and confidence that we repose in his said Majesty under the 
Great Seal of Great Brittain or under his seal of this Province shall not any time 
after the date hereof grant or cause to be granted to any Body publick person or 
persons whatsoever the above mentioned tract of Meadow, woodlands and premises 
or any part thereof except it be by the free and voluntary consent and further 
confirmation of us whose names are hereunto subscribed or the majority of us, or 
by the free voluntary consent and confirmation of the majority of the survivors 
of us or of our heirs or representatives under our hands and seals first had and 
obtained in writing and further that we hereby covenant and promise to and with 
his said Majesty his heirs and successors for ourselves and our heirs on the con- 
Bideration aforesaid that we nor our heirs shall not or will not at any time here- 
after from the date of these presents convey or alien the abovementioned premises 
or any part thereof unto any body politick person or persons whatsoever except it 
be by such consent or confirmation in writing unto his said Majesty or his lawful 
representative as aforesaid In Witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands 
and seals this fourth day of November in the seventh year of the Reign of our 
said Soveraign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain 
France and Ireland King Defender of the faith etc. Anno Dni 1733. [Nov. 4.] 
Jacomin, Asarus, "" Gidion, Cornelius, 

Sett, Whisaw, Asarus Erras, 

Sander, Petrus, Aria, Johanus, 


NOTE. — By the charter granted by Gov. Dongan to Albany in 1686, that city 
obtained the right to purchase one thousand acres of land from the Indians at 
what is now Fort Hunter, and a committee was shortly after sent to view the 
lands. On the 12th October, 1730, the city took from the Mohawk Indians of the 
Lower Castle, a deed to hold the lands in trust for them so long as they should be 
•ettled thereon, with remainder to the city. This deed continued In possession of 

OF THE State of 'N:ew Yoek. - 2635 

Mr, John Depeyster, the Mayor, until 12 September, 1733, when It was delivered 
to Governor Cosby, who destroyed it, and on the 4th of November, following, 
obtained the above deed from the Indians, conveying said lands to the King in 
trust for them. The Mohawks, notwithstanding, continued uneasy, and to quiet 
them, the city of Albany signed an instrument on the 18th December, 1773, sur- 
rendering to the Indians residing In the Lower Mohawk Castle, all right and title 
to the said thousand acres of land, (with the exception of a few parcels that 
.private individuals had previously purchased from the Indians and held under the 
Corporation,) " so long as they shall continue a Nation and be settled on said 
lands." In 1788, a number of the Mohawks residing at Canajoharie, petitioned the 
Legislature to be reinstated in their lands at Fort Hunter and elsewhere; and by 
two Instruments, dated respectively the fifteenth of April, 17S9, and 16th June, 
1790, the city bought out all the claims of the surviving Indians to the lands in 
question, as appears by the various instruments on file in the oflSce of the City 
Clerk. The lands were divided into farms at first and leased by the corporation, 
but all these farms have since been sold except one, which is still under lease.—' 
Col. Hist. N. Y. vi. pp. 15, 16. 


1733, Nov. 25. Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam. (Not 
found.) Referred to, xi. 157, and xxii. 281. 

Eeveeend Mr. Yesey to the Bishop of London. 

New York, December 16, 173.3. 

My Lord, Your Lordship's ninth Instruction requires me to give you notice from 
time to time of any hardships or oppressions that I find the Clergy to labour 
under, in relation to the Rights which they are entituled to by the Laws and 
Constitutions of the Government; I do, therefore, in obedience to the said In- 
struction, and out of the regarcj I have to the interest of the Churches here, con- 
ceive it my indispensible duty, humbly to represent unto your Lordship, that In 
IJovember last, the Legislature of this Province, thought fit to pass: an Act to 
impower the Vestry of the Parish of Jamaica in Queen's County, to dispose of 
sixty pounds, which had been raised by virtue of the Act of Assembly, for the 
jnaiutenance of a Minister for the said Parish, and then in the hands of the Church 
Wardens, for the use and benefit of the said Parish; a copy of which Act I here- 
with transmit for your Lordship's perusal and consideration. The original of 
which I presume will be sent home by this conveyance to the Lords of Trade and 
Plantations for his Majesty's approbation, which I hope by Your Lordship's 
-seasonable interposition, will be prevented and the Act disallowed; for although 
the sum to be disposed of by the said Act, be but sixty pounds, yet, the conse- 
quence of the said Act's, being confirmed, may in my humble opinion prove fatal 
to the Churches; for the same persons that had the power and influence of pro- 
curing the passing of this Law, may have the like influence in obtaining a Law, 
for altering or repealing the Laws now in force, for settling the Ministry and 
raising the maintenance for them; and this dangerous precedent may be a leading 
Card to effect such purposes. 

And as the present Speaker^ and Majority of the house of Representatives are 
not of the Church, who can tell how fond some persons may be of following 
.precedents? especially when I beg leave further to inform Your Lordship that this 
Act was brought in and passed at the Close of the Session, and hurried through 
both houses and passed, before Mr. Colgan or myself had the least suspicion 
thereof, or time to be heard by Petition, or otherwise to prevent the same. But 
I am, notwithstanding, advised, that as the Act for raising the Minister's Salary, 
.lias not made any provision in case of death etc.; and as Mr. Colgan for the 

lAdolph Philipse. 

263© Ecclesiastical Records 

greater part of the time from Mr. Foyer's death* to the time of hia induction^ 
ofiBciated and performed the duty there, he being next Incumbent, is by Law 
entltuled to the money raised during that time; but as the Vestry and Church 
Wardens of that Parish are annually chosen by the Inhabitants thereof, pursuant 
to that Act, they being the majority, always take care to elect Dissenters into 
those oflQces, and the present sett not only refused to pay that sixty pounds to 
Mr. Colgan,» but also refused to pay him any part of the Salary, that has becom* 
due and been raised since his Induction, soe that Mr. Colgan is obliged to go to 
Law with them for that, in which case the sixty pounds in their hands may be 
of service, to enable them to litigate the point over again, all which I humbly 
offer to Your Lordship's serious consideration, and remain as in duty 
My Lord, 

Your Lordslilp's most humble and most obedient servant, 

Will: Vesey. 

Complaint against the Sheriff of Westchester for Refus- 
ing THE Votes of Certain Quakers at the Election. Dec. 
18, 1733. 

To William Cosby Governour of the Province of New York etc. 

The Complaint and Humble Petition of Richard Cornwell, Nehemiah Palmer & 
Sylvanus Palmer in behalf of themselves and some others of the People called 
Quakers Inhabitants in the County of West Chester in the Province of New York 
Shewoth that we are and for many years past have been Possessed of houses and 
Lands being Estates in fee Simple within Said County and have always behaved 
and demeaned ourselves toward those placed in authority over us and to all our 
fellow Subjects as becomes honest and peaceable men to do, and when there has 
been any occasion for our Evidences in any of the Courts within this Province and 
on other occasions, we have been admitted for these many years past to make 
our Solemn affirmation, instead of an oath, by virtue of an Act of Assembly made 
la this Province in the Year of our Lord 1691 and afterwards confirmed by the 
King and Queen of England, and we have also been allowed at all times since the 
making of that act to give our votes at the Election of Representatives and when 
any doubt has arisen about any persons being a freeholder, our Solemn Afl3rmation 
has been allowed for the clearing the matter, Untill the late Election of a free- 
holder for a representative for the Said County when the Pligh Sheriff Nicholas 
Cooper did refuse and deny us and Severall more of our friends to give our votes 
for Lewis Morris one of the Candidates at the Said Election unless we would take 
an oath that we were Freeholders, though well known to be Such to most of the 
People present and when we offered our Affirmation according to Law that was 
rejected, when at the same time two of our friends who voted for the other 
Candidate William Forster were admitted without either oath or affirmation and 
yet no better known to be freeholders than we that were denied, and one of us 
who was denied, was after when the election was finished Suffered both by the 
Sheriff and Forster too, to Joyne in the Execution of the Indentures as a prin- 
cipall Freeholder and that without oath. 

Now we thy Petitioners have been Informed by Council Learned In the Law, 
that every one of us that was so denied our vote may have his action upon the 

* Rev. Thomas Poyer was grandson of Col. Poyer, who died in the gallant de- 
fence of Pembroke Castle in the time of Oliver Cromwell. He entered the service 
of the Venerable Society on the 29th of September, 1709, sailed from England in 
the last of that year, and arrived in this country in 1710, after having suffered 
shipwreck on the passage. He was inducted on the 18th of July of that year, into 
the Church of Jamaica, and died in that village on or about the 15th of January, 
1732 Documentary History of New York, 8vo., ill., 230, 311. 

■Rev. Thomas Colgan was appointed Catechist to the Negroes, and assistant tO' 
the Rev. Vesey, at New York, in 1725, in which year he arrived from England. 
He was inducted Minister of Jamaica in January, 1733. Commissions, Hi., 37L 
Thompson says he died in 1755.— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. v. pp. 972, 973. 

OF THE State of New York. 2637 

«ase against the Sheriff, for his So violent attempt on our Liberties and priviledges, 
but we not being inclined to use such rigorous means. Chose rather to apply to 
thee for redress, who art the Kings Representative, hoping thou wilt not Counte- 
nance such arbitrary proceedings, but be pleased to grant our request to discharge 
the said Nicholas Cooper from his office of High Sheriff and thereby discourage 
Such proceedings for the future, that we with all other our friends may from 
henceforth Enjoy all our Lawfull liberties and priviledges Quietly and peaceably 
and Not be deprived thereof by any partial Magistrates or officers. Nor by any 
forced or Strained construction of law contrary to the so long & constant practice 
of the Governours and Magistrates of this Province, and manifest intent of the 
Law-makers But besides the above recited Law of this Province there is an Act 
of Parliament made in the Eighth year of the late King George the first, that 
allows us the form of Affirmation therein prescribed, which we conceive Extends 
to all the people called Quakers in the Kings dominions, and has since the making 
thereof been frequently made use of in this Province and though Some People have 
been of opinion that it does not extend to us, yet it is manifest that it was the 
intent of th% L*^icakers that it should for our late Governour Montgomerie told 
Doctor John Jcodman & Edward Burling that he was a Parliament man at the 
time when that act was made, and helpt promote it and that it was intended for 
all the people called Quakers in the Kings dominions and that all should have the 
benefit of it etc. and further Said that if any Magistrates or officer denied it to 
any of our friends let him but know it and he would punish him for it. 
We are thy friends and Well wishers, 

Richard Cornwell 
Silvanus Palmer. 
18 December 1733. Read & referred. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 610, 61L 

Eeport on the Complaint of Quakers for Not Being Ax- 
LOWED TO Vote. Dec. 28, 1733. 

Att a Committee of the Councill held at ffort George in New York on Friday 
the 28th Day of December, 1733. 

Present — Mr. Harrison Mr. Delancey Mr. Courtlandt Mr. Lane Mr. Horsmanden, 

May it please your Excellency: In Obedience to Your Excellencys Order in 
•Council of the 18th December instant referring to us the Consideration of the 
Matters of Complaint mentioned in the petition of Richard Cornwell & Silvanus 
Palmer in behalf of themselves & others of the people called Quakers against 
Nicholas Cooper Esq. High Sheriff of the County of West Chester & set forth in 
the minutes of Councill of that day to which We beg leave to refer We having 
heard & examined both partys as well in defence as in Justification of the said 
Matter of Complaint Do humbly report to your Excellency. 

That as to the Sheriffs refusing the Complainants their votes at the late 
Election for a Representative for the County of West Chester or their affirmation 
of their being freeholders in the Said County We find that the Complainants hav- 
ing offered their Votes for Lewis Morris Esq., one of the Candidates at that 
Election were Challenged by William fforster the other Candidate who required 
the Sheriff to tender to the Complainants the oath of ffreehold That the Com- 
plainants conceiving themselves as being of the people called Quakers entitled to 
the Liberty & priviledge of giving their affirmation instead of an oath refused to 
take the Oath required but offered their affirmation of their being freeholders that 
thereupon the Sheriff told the Complainants he could not admit them to poll unless 
they would take oath of ffreehold as directed by act of assembly which by the 
other Candidate he was required to administer; That the Complainants having 
refused to take Such oath the Sheriff refused their votes. 

That as to the Sheriffs having taken the Votes of others of the people called 
Quakers who voted for Forster without having taken their oath or affirmation 
We find that they not having been Challenged nor their ffreeholds questioned were 
admitted by the Sheriff to give their Votes at Said Election. 


2638 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

That the SherlflE tendered the Oath of ffreehold to none of the people called 
Quakers but what was Challenged & when required thereto & refused to none of 
them their Votes if not Challenged. 

Upon the whole and after a full hearing the petitioners having waived a farther 
Examination into the particulars of their Complaint Except what related to their 
right to Vote, if regularly Challenged to their ffreehold. upon their aflBrmation 
only without regard had to the oath directed by Act of General Assembly in each 
respective City & County within this province, And the Sheriff justifying his 
Conduct at the Election before mentioned by the words of Said Act which we 
apprehend to be Matter of Law We humbly recommend to your Excellency to 
refer the Said petition & said Sheriffs justification to his Maties Attorney Generall 
for his opinion thereon. 

This may it please Your Excellency is what the Committee find upon their 
examination of, and Inquiry into, the allegations or Matters of Complaint in the- 
Complts. petition set forth all which is humbly Submitted to your Excellency. 

By your Excellencys most obedient humble Servants, 

By order of the Committee, 

Henry Lane. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. vol. iii. pp. 6U, 612. 

Rev. Wm. Tennent. 

1733-1777. Rev. Wm. Tennent, Presbyterian at Freehold, N. J. Celebrated 
Trance at New Brunswick, N. J. in 1730. Sketch in Alexander's Log College; also 
In Murphy's Presbytery of the Log College, and in many other publications. 

The Peace-Aeticles, Accepted, ]^ov. 18, 1733, as Read from 
THE Raritan Pulpits, Jan. 1, 8, 15, Etc., 1734. [Taken 
FROM THE Acts of the Deputies, as Recorded, July 8, 

Articles of Peace and Union, between the Consistory of the (four) combined 
congregations of Raritan, and the disaffected ones, which were publicly read from 
(the pulpit.) 

It is known to you, Beloved Christians, that for a considerable time there have 
been dissensions and disunions among us; and that their Reverences (the Classis) 
have frequently admonished both parties to peace; and now that it may appear 
that we, on our part, are inclined to peace, therefore we desire publicly to announce 
the following Articles of Peace and Reconciliation. 


The Consistory wishes that there may be a complete amnesty; and they will 
gladly, on their part, forget and forgive all former (acts or words), whereby they 
(the Consistory) were insulted, desiring that love and peace may reyive; that we 
may be one flock, and under one shepherd from henceforth. 


Since it has pleased the Rev. Classis to release from the Ban. the excom- 
municated ones, and it is required of us that we consider them as thus released; 
therefore, we do declare, by these presents, that we regard the same as released, 
and will consider them and treat them as members of the Reformed Church; pro- 
vided that they shall again unite themselves with us to-day. in accordance with 
the intention of Classis, and shall conduct themselves as obedient members of the 


We also promise, on our part, that we will observe the Church-Order, the dis- 
cipline, and the administration of the Holy Seals of the Covenant, in keeping witb 

OF THE State of IS^ew Yobk. 2639 

the Netherland church; at least In so far as this is practicable and possible in 
these regions; and that in our churches none other than the orthodox Reformed 
services shall be permitted. 


As to the calling of a second minister: that proposition was made without our 
consent. Yet we would like to see two Dutch Reformed Ministers here, if it could 
be done regularly, and in harmony with our Church-Order; and if they can be 
properly supported. Then our Consistory will freely permit their Domine to preach 
(in turns) alternately with him, as is the way on Long Island; provided we can 
come to an understanding concerning the turns and the salary. Nevertheless our 
Consistory thinks that it would tend most towards harmony (forgiveness), if in 
conjunction with the disaffected ones, they (the Consistory) should call a second 
minister; for then there would also be more liklihood that some one would come. 


We are also willing to give equal rights and privileges to the disaffected ones, 
and to all other hearers in those churches, although they have not contributed 
towards the erection of the same, whether in this church, (Raritan), or in the 
church at New Brunswick, or at Six Mile Run, provided they will also contribute 
towards the erection of that church (those churches?) what is right and just. 

"We also consent that, annually, half of the Consistory shall be changed, unless 
Indeed, the situation and the welfare of our churches should demand otherwise; 
according to Article 27 of our Church-Order. 

We have also always conceded, and are glad to let every one know, that we hold 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to be our competent judge (authority), to wit, in 
all things ecclesiastical. 

We are also willing, whenever a dispute shall arise among us — which, may God 
forbid — which cannot be settled by our Consistory, that the same shall be sub- 
mitted to certain other Dutch ministers, such as have been sent over by the Rev. 
Classis and are in correspondence with the same, to whose decision we shall sub- 
mit ourselves; but in accordance with Art. 75 of the Church-Order: " In the 
country districts, and in villages, where there is but one minister, the satisfaction 
shall be made with the advice of two neighboring churches, in such manner and 
form as shall appear most edifying ". 

As to certificates of those who come to us from other Reformed churches; our 
opinion on that subject is this, wherewith also our practice agrees, to accept, 
indeed, certificates which are brought to us from outside, as well as the persons 
from among the ranks of the other church-members; but, nevertheless, they may 
be examined, and if they are found to be ignorant, (uninstructed) or offensive, 
they may be denied the Supper of the Lord until their enlightenment and con- 
fession. That this is the sentiment of the Reformed Church, appears from Art. 
6, (61), of the Church-Order: " No person shall be admitted to the Lord's Supper, 
but those who make a confession of their faith in the Reformed religion, agreeably 
to the practice of the churches to which they are joined, and who also have the 
testimony of a pious deportment; without which also, none coming from other 
churches, shall be received ". 


We will also teach that all other Reformed Ministers must be properly re- 
spected. Every Christian of the " Reformed Faith ", shall esteem such highly for 
their work's sake, namely, orthodox ministers, who conduct themselves worthy of 
their office. 



264:0 Ecclesiastical E-ecokds 


We are willing to submit all this, and whatever else may be required of us, to 
the impartial judgment of the two nearest churches or ministers, but only in the 
Done at our Church-Meeting, November 18th 1733. 
.Was signed, 

T. J. Frielinghuysen, 
in the name of the Consistory of New Brunswick. 

Roelof Nevyus, Elder, 
In the name of the Consistory of Raritaa. 
John Van Middelwaert, Elder, 
In the name of the Consistory of Six Mile Run. 

Elbert Stoothoff, Elder, 
In the name of the Consistory of North Branch, (Readington). 
Simon van Aertsdalen, Elder. 
Read Jan. 1, 1734, at New Brunswick; on the 8th at Raritan; and so on suc- 
cessively, in all the churches, xxii. 333, 334. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Rev. Frelingliiiysen. 

1734, Jan. 12tli. From a postscript in the letter from tlie 
Hev. Brethren of 'New York, it appeared that they were informed 
by the Consistory of Earitan, That Rev. Frilinghuysen still re- 
mained in his condition of insanity, with lucid intervals, and (said 
Consistory) gave thereof convincing proofs. Accordingly they 
were asked by that Consistory whether such a person could be con- 
tinued as their minister; yea, whether he could be continued even 
as a church member. This matter was referred to the Rev. De- 
putati ad res Exteras for consideration, and for furnishing the 
Classis with a report (pre-advice). xi. 126. 

(The word insanity, above, seems altogether too strong, (Dutch, 
Kranksinnigheid). It was a sickness in which there was consider- 
able delirium, (Dutch, Ijlhoofdigheid) and this sickness was 
caused largely by the persecution to which he had been subjected 
by certain ones of that congregation.) 

Attorney-General's Opinion". Quakers Mat !N"ot Vote, if 
They Refuse to Swear. Jan. 28, 1734. 

May it please your Excellency: In obedience to your Excellency's Comands, I 
have carefully perused and considered the Several Acts of Parliament relating to 
the solemn affirmations etc. of the people called Quakers; And find that none of 
those Statutes (now in force) do Extend to this Province, or any other of his 
Majesty's Plantations. 

OP THE State of New Yoek. 2641 

I have also perused and Considered the act of the General Assembly of this 
Province, made in the 3rd year of King William and Queen Mary Intitled "An Act 
to ease people that are scrupulous in swearing " And find that law relates only to 
Buch Scrupulous persons giving their Evidence in any matter Depending in any 
of the Courts (or their Serving upon any Jury in any Court) within this Province; 
and not at all to Elections. 

I have likewise perused the seu'al acts of assembly relating to the election of 
Representatives to serve in the General Assembly of this Province; But more 
particularly that Intitled "A Bill for Regulating Elections of Representatives in 
General Assembly in each respective City and County Within this Province " 
Which Act obliges every Elector (without any Exception) before he is admitted to 
Poll at the same Election; To take the oath therein after mentioned, if required 
by the Candidates or any of them. Which Oath required By one of the Candidates 
at the last Election for the County of West Chester, to be taken by some of the 
people called Quakers; they refused to take, And the persons so refusing, were 
therefore not admitted to Poll at the said Election. 

Upon the whole, I am humbly of opinion, that neither any of the people Called 
Quakers, nor any other person Whatsoever who Refused to take the said Oatli 
at the said Election; on being required by any of the said Candidates to take tlie 
same, had any right by Law, to be admitted to Poll at the said Election. 

R. Bradley, Attorney GeneraL 
Dated 28th January, 1733/4. 

To his Excellency the Governor of New York, etc. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. lii. p. 612. 

Dutch Church of New York. 
Manor of Fordham. 

New York, Marcli 21, 1Y34. 

Consistory granted the request of Michael Ternenr to let Mar- 
timus Eychenberg reside on his land, on the Manor; also to make 
pipes there — but with strict fnlfillment of all the other condi- 
tions stated in his lease. 

Order was given to Mr. Gerardns Beekman, Overseer of the 
Manor, to go there at the first opportunity and apprize Michel 
Temeur of his permission above stated, and to demand from all 
the lessees who are in debt, payment of the arrears. This they 
must do at once, or give an obligation under their own hand and 
seal, to pay the same in May next, without further delay. If any 
refuse, either to pay or to give such an obligation, Mr. Beekman 
shall say to them, by order of the Consistory, that they will be 
summoned before the Court, and incur the risk and costs thereof. 
For this, as has been said already, is the final resolution of the 
Consistory — not to allow any longer delay without such a writ- 
ten obligation. 



2642 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Classis of Amstekdam, 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Rev. Kals. Eev. Frelinghuysen. 

1734, April 5tli.. Brief notes of what occurred at Classis were 
reported^ and executed by Revs. Deputies ad res Exteras, April 5, 
1734. A letter was handed in from Rev. Conran. Rev. Kals asks 
and obtains a certificate that he is not under censure. Report of 
(or from) Rev. Frielinghuyzen. xxii. 257. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Frelinghuvsen. 

1734, April 5th. The Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras had not 
yet obtained sufficient light upon (lit. sight into) the case of Rev. 
Frilinghuysen, to do anything. It still remains recommended to 
them. xi. 128. 

CouK^ciL Journal of New York. 

1734, April 30. William Cosby, Governor. 

An Act for granting to tlie people called Quakers, residing within this Province, 
the same privileges, benefits and indulgences, as by the laws and statutes now 
remaining in force in that part of Great Britain, called England, the people of 
that denomination are entitled unto within those dominions. Council Journal, 632. 
Read, Committed, 632. Passed, 633. Enacted, June 22, 636. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Erelinghuysen. 

1734, May 3rd. As before, the case of Rev. Frilinghuysen re- 
mains recommended to the Messrs. Deputati ad res Exteras, who 
have not yet received any further information in regard to it. 
xi. 132. 

Ecclesiastical Conventtjs at the Cape, 
etc. etc. (and in I^ew ISTetherland) . 

1734, May 3rd. Touching the erection of an ecclesiastical con- 
ventus at Gale, Drakenstein, and in 'New [N'etherland, the carry- 

OF THE State of New York. 2643 

ing out of tlie resolution adopted by the Classis in that respect re- 
mains recommended to the Messrs. Deputati ad res Exteras. 
si. 132. 

Repeesentatioit of the Society for the Peopagatioi^ of thh 
Gospel ijsi- Foeeigit Paets. May 10, 1734. 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

The Representation of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts in behalf of th3a\«elves and of the Rev. Mr. Thomas Colgan their Missionary 
at the Parish of Jamaica in Queen's County in the Province of New York. 

Sheweth That in the year 1693, the Assembly of New York passed an Act for 
settling a Ministry and raising a Maintenance for them in the City of New York, 
County of Richmond, Westchesler and Queen's County; which Act (very truely) 
recited that prophan^ness and licentiousness had then of late overspread the 
Province for want of a settled Ministry throughout the same; and to the end the 
same might be removed and the ordinances of God duely Administered, it was 
enacted: that there should be called, inducted and established a good sufficient 
protestant Minister, to officiate and have care of souls, within one year next after 
the publication of that Act, in the several parishes and places in the Act men- 
tioned, one of which was to have the care of Jamaica aforesaid and the adjacent 
Towns and Farms; and there should be annually, assessed, levyed collected and 
paid, for the maintenance of the said Minister of Jamaica, in Queen's County the 
sum of sixty pounds in Country produce, at money price. And directions were 
therein contained for laying a Tax on the Inhabitants yearly, in order to raise the 
said maintenance for the Minister; and the Church Wardens in their respective 
precincts, were to pay to the Minister the aforesaid maintenance by four equal 
quarterly payments under penalty of five pounds for each neglect, refusal or de- 
fault. And it was enacted that the respective Ministers that should be settled in 
the respective precincts therein before named, should be called to officiate in their 
respective precincts by the Vestry Men and Church Wardens. 

That the said Act of Assembly received the Royal Confirmation on the 11th of 
May 1697. 

That in the year 1703, The Assembly of New York passed another Act for the 
better explaining and more effectually putting in execution the forementioned Act, 
and thereby further provision was made for the laying a tax annually for the 
raising the maintenance for the Ministers; and it was enacted, that all the pay- 
ments that should there after be made and paid to the then Incumbents, and to 
every Incumbent who should there after be presented, instituted and Inducted, for 
the respective maintenances, should be made and paid to them in current money 
of the Province. And it was further enacted that the respective Vestry Men and 
Church Wardens for the time being or the Major part of them, whereof one 
Church V/arden should always be one, should and were thereby impowered to call 
and present after the death of the several Incumbents, for ever, a good sufficient 
Protestant Minister within one year next after the Avoidance of any of the said 
places, which Ministers should respectively be instituted and inducted to the 
Churches and so as often as any of the said places became void. 

Which last mentioned Act also received the Royal Confirmation upon the 30th 
of March 1704. 

That the sixty pounds a year, whether in country produce or in New York money 
not being of itself a reasonable maintenance, for a good sufficient protestant 
Minister, the Vestry or Inhabitants of the said precinct of Jamaica and of several 
other places within the province of New York (where the allowances appointed by 
the said Acts of Assembly were as little or less) have applyed to the Society for 
the propagation of the Gospel to send over Missionaries from Great Brittain under 
lalarys from the Society, which the Society have from time to time done, and the 


2644 Ecclesiastic Ai. Hecoeds 

said Society on their parts do so far provide for tlieir Missionaries that the annual 
allowances which they make to their several Missionaries, Schoolmasters, and 
Catechists within that province of New York amount to six hundred and thirty 
five pounds sterling a year; of which sixty five pounds a year is allowed by the 
Society to a Missionary and Schoolmaster in the precinct of Jamaica aforesaid 
besides furnishing the Missionaries for their own and their parishoners use with 
Books and small Tracts. The said Society being always willing to assist such of 
the British Colonys as are desirous to contribute what they can on their parts to 
the maintenance of the protestant Ministers among them. 

That some years since, the Society sent over Mr. Poyer as their Missionary to 
the said precinct or Parish of Jamaica, who continued there and received the 
appointment made by the Act of Assembly and the Society's additional salary, to 
the time of his death which happened about the Month of January 1731. 

That upon or rather before the death of the said Mr. Poyer, the said Mr, Colgan 
was appointed by the Society their Missionary in his stead and he being in New 
York at Mr. Poyer's death officiated and performed the duty's of Minister in the 
said Parish of Jamaica from the month of June 1732 and is since inducted into 
the Parish. 

Notwithstanding which the Vestry did not pay him the said New York main- 
tenance but kept it back and the Assembly of New York have passed an Act 
(which was published the 1st of November 1733) to impower the Vestry of the 
parish of Jamaica in Queens County to dispose of sixty pounds now in hands of 
the Church Wardens of the said parish for the use and benefit of that Parish; 
which Act recites that after the death of Mr. Poyer late Minister of the said 
Parish, and before the induction of Mr. Colgan the present Minister thereof, there 
was raised in the said parish sixty pounds «& paid to the Church Wardens and no 
person entitled to receive the money, and it lying useless to the inhabitants, there- 
fore it is enacted that the vestry of the said parish may receive the money from 
the Church Wardens and may apply it to such use and benefit of the Parish as 
they or the major part of them shall think fit. 

That the Society conceives there are many irregularities as well as hardships in 
the said Act which they offer to your Lordships consideration as follows. 

1. That of that year for which the sixty pounds mentioned in the last act was- 
raised, the said Mr. Colgan had officiated above nine months as minister in the 
said Parish, and he has been since formally inducted there; and the ground of the 
Act now complained of, seems to be only this, that during that time though Mr. 
Colgan might officiate, yet he was not actually inducted, but the Society conceive 
that that is neither a true explanation of the former Act of Assembly (which have 
the words: " called and established, as well as inducted) nor is by any means 
grateful to the Society who sent and paid Mr. Colgan on their parts, nor yet just 
with regard to him, whose service the parish had had, to all intents as much as 
if he had been in form inducted. 

2. The Society conceive that the Assembly of New York would not have con« 
sented to this Act, had it been fairly brought in and had all party's (particularly 
Mr. Colgan who is affected by it) been heard, but they are informed (and believe 
very truly) that this Act was brought into the Assembly and passed of a sudden 
in the absence of Mr. Colgan (whose parish is at some distance from the Assembly 
Town) and entirely unknown to him, who therefore had no possibility of opposing 
it there. 

3. That as the former Acts had settled and dedicated this sum for the main- 
tenance of Ministers, admitting it might not belong to Mr. Colgan while he merely 
officiated as Minister, yet, so soon as he was actually inducted, the Society con- 
ceive the arrears since the former Incumbent's death belonged to him in point of 
Law, and he had all sorts of titles to it, having actually served the cure in his 
own person as aforesaid. 

4. That as this maintenance was enacted by the Assembly of New York for the 
settlement of a Protestant Ministry and that they might have God's ordinance 
duely Administered among them, the Society conceive, it is not properly in the 
power of a future Assembly to alter the uses for which the settlement was given 
and intended, and to take away and apply it to any other uses. 

5. The last consideration receives some addition from this, that the former 
Acts, which appointed this settlement and maintenance for the Minister for ever. 

OF THE State of E'ew Yoek. 2645 

received long since the Royal confirmation, but this last Act of the Assembly 
effectually repeals what the Crown itself has established, and yet, never takes the 
least notice of, or mentions those former Acts, wherefore the Society hope, 
though this be a single particular case, yet, being a precedent of such a very 
extraordinary nature, in so many respects, that it shall receive the greatest 

6. That It was sometime before the Assemblys of New York were induced to 
make the settlement before mentioned, and it may be feared, that if this present 
attempt should receive the least countenance it may be followed by others, even 
to the taking away and misapplying the whole Revenue and maintenance ap- 
pointed and established for the settling and maintaining a Protestant Ministry in 
the Province of New York forever. 

Wherefore, upon the whole the said Society entreat Your Lordships to report 
the last Act of Assembly which is entituled: "An Act to impower the Vestry of 
the Parish of Jamaica in Queens County to dispose of sixty pounds now in the 
hands of the Church Wardens of the said Parish for the use and benefit of that 
Parish," to His Majesty for his disapprobation and disallowance. 

Ferd. John Paris, for the Society. 
May 10, 1734, 

— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. vl. pp. 1-4. 

Acts of the Olassis of Amsterdam. 

Letter from Eev. Freiman. 

1734, June Yth. A letter arrived while this Assembly was in 
session from Rev. Freeman, in reference to the case of E-ev. Fre- 
linghuysen, written in New Netherland. This was placed in the 
hands of the Messrs. Deputies on foreign affairs, in order to ac- 
quaint this Assembly with its contents, xi. 135. 

Rev. Mr. Colgan to the Secretary of Society foe Propagat- 
ing THE Gospel. 

Jamaica June 14th, 1734. 

Rev. Sir: I make use of an opportunity now offering, of a Ship bound from 
hence to London, for the conveyance of these lines to your hands, the design of 
which was to acquaint the Venerable Society, (as I am in duty bound), with the 
state of affairs relating to my Mission; but before I proceed herein, gratitude 
obliges me to return my humble thanks to them for their kind intercession with 
his Excellency, Coll. Cosby, our Governour, in my behalf, for his Mandate of 
Induction into the Parish of Jamaica; who, as he was pleased to grant, before 
their application to him, which is an enhancement of the favor, so I am under no 
less obligation to them for their granting me their assistance, when I petitioned 
them for it. My constant endeavour shall be by God's help always to deserve it. 

Tpon my first coming into the parish, I found the Church in a declining con- 
dition; the Quakers & Independents have been very busy to subvert, & by many 
studied arts & rules, utterly to destroy It. I may say the Christian Religion 
here — one of their strategems was to sue for an edifice wherein divine service 
was performed by Ministers of the Church of England near thirty years, by 
pretence that they had a better right in it than the Church members; & this met 
with not a little success; for in suing Mr. Poyer, my predecessor, who being 
Defendant in the case, they upon a very odd turn in the trial, cast him. I am 
informed that in this suit, the Counsel upon the part of the Church, always 



2646 Ecclesiastical Records 

designed to put the matter on some points of the law which are clearly In the 
Church's favor; & accordingly in the time of trial, offered to demur in law, but 
was diverted therefrom by the late Chief Justice, Lewis Morris Esq., (before whom 
the trial was) ; who told them he would recommend it to the Jury to find a special 
verdict, and if they did not, but found generally & against the Church, he would 
then allow a new trial; which, after the jury had found a verdict against the 
Church, he absolutely refused when the Counsel for the Church laid claim to hia 
promise, & strongly insisted upon the benefit thereof. I have been told by some 
of the Counsel for the Church that the only seeming reason he gave for his 
denial was, that a bad promise was better broke than kept, & thus an end was 
put to the controversy. 

This matter of fact happening in the latter end of Mr. Foyer's days the touch- 
ing briefly thereon leads me to an account of what was consequent upon it & 
happened since my settlement in Jamaica. The people being destitute of a 
Church to perform their devotions to Almighty God, were forced to assemble 
together for three or four years in the Town house, a place very improper for 
divine service for many reasons that might be given, and so a great many were 
disheartened & discouraged from doing their duty on the Lord's day — In this 
condition I served them near upon two years & then the people here, (belonging to 
the Church), began to exert themselves to the uttermost of their abilities toward 
building them a new one but finding themselves unable to accomplish this under- 
taking, were obliged to apply to several well disposed Christians in this Province, 
from whom they received considerable helps; and in an extraordinary manner 
from his Excellency, our Governor, his Lady & family, who were pleased to favor 
us with their company at the opening of our new Church & then, to contribute 
largely towards the finishing it, which was no doubt one means whereby others 
were moved to do so likewise, so that now we have brought this building to such 
a degree of perfection, as that we perform divine service in it, tho' it is still far 
from being complete, and we are in great want of a bell; as the Clothes for our 
Pulpit, Reading Desk and Communion Table, with a large Bible, Common Prayer 
Book, and Surplice, we are furnished with those that are very decent and comely, 
by the Governors Lady, our great friend and patroness — 

Now our Church is in a flourishing state & by the blessing of God many are 
added to it; now we are at peace with those several Sectaries that are round 
about us, and I hope that by God's help peace will subsist amongst us. 

To sow the seeds thereof shall be my endeavour to be of a loving charitable 
demeanor to all men of whatever persuasion in matters of Religion shall be (by 
God's help) my practice that so discharging my duty herein I may contribute my 
mite to the good of the Church of Christ, this is the promise of him who begs 
leave to subscribe himself etc., etc. 

Thomas Colgan. 
— Doc. Hist. N. T. Vol. iii. pp. 190, 191. 

Reasons of Goveeitoe Cosby foe Removing Chief Justicb 


Reasons given by Colonel William Cosby for removing Mr. Lewis Morris from 
the place of Chief Justice at the Supreme Court of the Province of New York. 
June 19, 1734. (Disapproved, Nov. 26, 1735.) 

Ecclesiastical Reasons. 

My reasons for removal of Mr. Lewis Morris from the place of Chief Justice 

On account of his notorious partiality in the administration of Justice of which 
are the following instances: Some years since the dissenters in the parish of 
Jamaica in this Province brought an ejectment against the Church of England 
Minister, for the Church he preached in and was possessed of; when the tryall 
came on, the defendant's Council demurred to the plaintifs evidence: Mr. Morris 
the Chief Justice desired them to wave the demurrer, telling them, that if the 

OF THE State of "New York. 2647 

Jury fonn'd for the plaintiff he would grant the Defendants a new Tryall. The 
Defenlants Council were very unwilling to do it, but fearing the worst if they 
refused, they did consent and the Jury found for the plaintif. The Defendants 
Council moved the next term before Judgment for a new tryall and urged his 
promise, he denyed at first that he gave any, but when they offered to make oath 
of it, he said, a rash promise ought not to be kept, and never would grant them 
a new Tryall; whereby they lost their Church and the Dissenters have ever 

aince had it. 

— Col. Hist. N. Y. vi. p. 8. 


August 23, 1734. 

I. Kame and Title of the King and E^eference to Petition 

FOR A Charter. 

George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, 
King Defender of the Faith, etc. To all to whom these presents shall come, 
sendeth Greeting: 

Whereas we have been informed by the humble petition of our loving Subjects 
Rinherdt Brickesen, John Berentse [Wemp], Gerrit Simonse Veeder, Simon Vroo- 
man, Robert Yaats, Sander Lansinck, Abraham Truax, Abraham Glen and Arent 
Samuelse Bradt, the present minister. Elders and Deacons of the Dutch Protes- 
tant Congregation in Schenectady, in our County of Albany, presented to our trusty 
and well beloved William Cosby, Esq., our Captain General and Governor in 
Chief of our Province of New York, New Jersey and Territories thereon depending 
In America, and Vice Admiral of the same and Coll' in our Army, that the said 
Minister, Elders and Deacons and the rest of the Communicants of the said 

II. Their Property. 

Have at their own charge built a New Church in the Town of Schenectady afore- 
said, and the same have dedicated to the Almighty God, but for the want of being 
incorporated they are not Capable of Receiving or accepting of such Donations 
as pious Designed Persons are or may be disposed to give unto them, or of Pur- 
chasing any Lands or Tenements for the use of said Church; 

III. Second Eeference to their Petition; Request for In- 
corporation FOR the Confirmation of their Property, 


Wherefore in their said humble petition they have likewise prayed our Lettera 
Patent to Incorporate them and the rest of the Communicants of the said church 
into a body Politick and Corporate, in Deed, fact and name and Style of the 
Ministers, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of 
Schenectady in the County of Albany, and thereby also to grant unto said Corpo- 
ration and their successors forever, the new Church aforesaid and the grounds 
whereon the same stands; and also to grant and secure unto them and their suc- 
cessors the free exercise and enioyment of all their civil and Religious Rights, 
and the Liberty of Worshiping God according to Constitutions and Directions of 
the Reformed Church in Holland, approved and Instituted by the National Synod 
of Dort, which Petition we being Willing to grant, and being Willing in particular 
favor to the pious purposes of our Loving Subjects in free Exercise and Enjoy- 
ment of all their Civill and Religious Rights appertaining unto them in manner 
aforesaid as our Loving Subjects, and to preserve to them and their successors 
that Liberty of Worshipping God according to the Constitution and Directions 

IV. Requests Granted. !N'ame of the Incorporation. 

Wherefore, know ye, that we of our especial Grace, certain knowledge and meer 
motion have ordained, Constituted and Declared and by these presents for us, 
our Heirs and successors do ordain, Constitute and Declare that they, the said 



2648 EccLESiASTiCAi. Eecords 

Minister, Elders and Deacons and the rest of the Communicants of the said new 
Dutch Church in Schenectady aforesaid, be and shall be from time to time and at 
all times forever hereafter, a body Corporate and Politick in Deed, fact and name, 
by the name of the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church of Schenectady in the County of Albany, and them and their suc- 
cessors by the name of the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Pro- 
testant Dutch Church of Schenectady in the County of Albany, one body Corporate 
and Politick in Deed, fact and name, really and fully We do for us our Heirs and 
Successors erect, make. Constitute Declare and Create by these presents 

And that by the same name they and their successors may and shall have per- 
petual succession, and shall and may be Persons able and Capable in the Law 
to Sue and be sued, to plead and be impleaded, to answer, and be answered, and 
Defend and be Defended in all and singular Suits, Causes, Quarrels, Matters 
Actions and things of what kind and nature so ever: 

V. Rights ajstd Privileges of said Coepoeation. 
1. Bights in Law. 

And also that they and their successors (by the same name) be and shall be 
forever Capable and Able in Law to have, take, accept of. Acquire and purchase 
in fee and forever, or for Life or Lives, or for years, any messuages, buildings, 
Houses, Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments and real estate, and the same to Lease 
or Demise for one or more years, or to grant, alien. Bargain, Sell and dispose of 
for Life, or Lives or forever under certain yearly rents; and also to accept of, 
take, and possess and Purchase any Goods, Chattels, or Personal Estate and the 
same Lett, Sell or Dispose of at will and pleasure; and all this as fully as any 
other our Liege People, or any Corporation and body Politick within that part of 
our Kingdom of Great Brittain Called England, or this our Province, may Law- 
fully do: — Provided that such Messuages and real estate as they or their Suc- 
cessors shall have, or may be entitled to. shall not at any one time exceed the 
yearly Rent of Two hundred pounds Current Money of our said Province of New 
York, over and above the Church and ground on which the same is Erected, Built 
and stands: — 

2. Right to a Seal. 

And further we do will and grant that they the said Minister, Elders and 
Deacons and their successors shall and may forever hereafter have a Common 
Seal to serve and use for all Matters, Causes, things and affairs whatsoever, of 
them and their Successors; and the same Seal to alter, change, break and make 
new from time to time, at their will and pleasure as they think fit; 

3. Perfect Religiotis Liberty to he Enjoyed. 

And we have thought fitt and hereby Publish, Grant ordain and Declare that 
our Royal will and pleasure is, that no Person in Communion of the said Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church of Schenectady as aforesaid, at any time hereafter, shall 
be any ways molested, punished, disquieted or Called in Question for any difiference 
in opinion in matters of the Protestant Religion, who do not actually disturb the 
Civil Peace of our said Province, but that all and every person and persons in 
Communion of the said Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Schenectady afore- 
said, may from time to time and at all times hereafter, freely and fully have and 
enjoy his and their own judgements and Consciences in matters of the protestant 
religious Concernments of the said Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, According 
to the Constitutions and directions aforesaid, they behaving themselves peaceably 
and Quietly, and not using this Liberty to Licentiousness, or profaneness, nor to 
the Civil Injury or outward Disturbance of Others, any Law, Statute, usage or 
custom of that part of our Kingdom of Great Brittain called England, or of this 
our Province to the Contrary hereof in any ways notwithstanding: — 

4. Perpetual Succession. 

And for the better ordering and managing the affairs and business of the said 
Corporation and Church, We do for us, our Heirs and Successors Ordain, direct 
and appoint that there shall be a perpetual Succession of ministers for the service 
of God and the Instruction of the Communicants and Members of the said Church 
in the Christian faith, according to the Constitutions and Directions aforesaid and 
that the present Minister and every other Minister or Ministers of the said Church 
hereafter to be called, chosen or appointed, shall each of them respectively remain 
and Continue to be a minister of the said church, so long as the Elders and 
Deacons of the said Church for the time being and all those, who heretofore have 
been or hereafter shall have been Elders and Deacons of tlie said Church or the 
Major part of them shall think proper:— 

OF THE State of !N^ew Yoke. 2649 

yi. Eeghxations for saxd Coeporatioit. 
1. Number of Elders and Deacons. 

And further we will, ordain and by these presents for us our Heirs and Suc- 
cessors do Declare and appoint that for the better Ordering and managing the 
affairs and business of the said Corporation, there shall be four Elders and four 
Deacons from time to time Constituted, Elected and Chosen out of the Members 
of said Church Inhabiting in Schenectady for the time being, in such manner and 
form as is hereafter in these presents expressed, which Persons together with the 
Minister or the Major part of them for the time being shall apply themselves to 
take care for the best disposing and Ordering the general business and affairs of 
and concerning the said Church and of and concerning all such Lands, Tenements, 
Hereditaments, real and personal Estate as shall, or may be acquired as aforesaid: — 

2. Naming of Present Minister, and Elders and Deacons, 

And for the better execution of our Royal pleasure herein, "We do for us, our 
Heirs and Successors Assign, name. Constitute and appoint the aforesaid Mr. Rin- 
herdt Erricksen to be the present Minister of the said Church, and the aforesaid 
John Barentse Wemp, Gerrit Simonse Veeder. Simon Vrooman, and Robert Yaats 
to be the present Elders of the said Church, and Sander Lansick, Abraham Treuax, 
Abraham Glen and Arent Samuelse Bratt to be the present Deacons of the said 
Church, which Elders and Deacons are to continue in the said several offices re- 
spectively until others be duly chosen to officiate in their rooms, in manner as is 
hereinafter expressed: — 

3. Calling of Meetings, Election of Elders and Deacons, 

And further we do will and by these presents for us our Heirs and Successors 
do ordain, appoint and Direct that the minister of said Church for the time being, 
or in his absence from sickness or otherwise, the first Elder of the said Church for 
the time being shall and may from time to time, upon all occasions Assemble and 
Call together the said Elders and Deacons of the said Church for the time being, 
to consult and advise of the business and affairs of the said church: — 

And further our will and pleasure is and we do for us, our Heirs and Successors, 
Establish, appoint and Direct that on the first Saturday in December next the 
Minister. Elders and Deacons of the said Church, or the Major part of them shall, 
at the said church chuse, nominate and appoint two of the communicants of the 
said Church to serve as Elders of the said church for the next ensuing year, in 
the Rooms and stead of Jan Barentse Wemp and Gerrit Simonse Veeder, and also 
two other of the said Communicants to serve as Deacons for the next ensuing year 
in the rooms and stead of Sander Lansinck and Abraham Treuax which said two 
Elders and Deacons so newly chosen and elected as aforesaid shall on New Years 
Day next ensueing their nomination and election. Enter upon and take their re- 
spective places and continue in and exercise their said respective offices, until 
other fitt persons shall be Regularly Chosen in their respective rooms; 

And we do for us, our Heirs and Successors Grant, appoint and direct that 
yearly once in the year forever hereafter, after the First Day of January next 
ensuing, that is to say on the first Saturday in December in every year, at the said 
church, the Ministers Elders and Deacons of the said Church for the time being, 
or the Major part of them shall nominate, appoint and chuse two of the Com- 
municants of the said Church that shall succeed in the offices of Elders, and two 
others of their communicants that shall succeed as Deacons in the room, place 
and stead of the two oldest Elders and two oldest Deacons for the year ensuing, 
which two Elders and Deacons so newly chosen and Elected as last aforesaid shall 
on New Years Day next ensueing their nominations of Election take their re- 
spective places and continue in and Execute their respective offices, from that time 
until other fitt persons be respectively Elected in their respective rooms and 
places : — 

And if it shall happen that any or either of the aforesaid Elders and Deacons so 
to be Elected, nominated or appointed as aforesaid, shall dye, or be removed, or 
deny, refuse or neglect to officiate in the said respective offices of Elders or Deacons 
before their or either of their time for Serving therein be expired, that then and 
in every such case it shall and may be Lawful for the Minister. Elders and Deacons 
of the said church for the time being, or the Major part of them to proceed in 
manner aforesaid to a new Election of one or more of their communicants in the 
room or place of such Officer, or officers dying or Removing or denying, refusing 
or Neglecting to officiate in his or their respective office or offices as aforesaid; — 


4. Choice of Ministers. 

And further our will and pleasure is, and we do, for ns, our Heirs and Suc- 
cessors, Declare and Grant that the Patronage, Adowson, Donation or Presentation 


2650 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

of and to the said church after the Decease or removal of the said present min- 
ister, or next avoidance, shall appertain and belong to and be hereby vested in, 
the Elders and Deacons of the said Reformed Protestant Church of Schenectady 
for the time being and their successors forever, together with all such as hereto- 
fore have been or hereafter shall have been Elders or Deacons of the said Church, 
or the Major part of them; — Provided all ways that the succeeding Ministers that 
shall be by them, or the major part of them presented, called, instituted and in- 
ducted into the said Church, shall bear true Faith and allegiance unto us, our 
Heirs and Successors anything contained herein to the contrary thereof in any- 
wise notwithstanding; — ^ 

And our will and pleasure is, and we do further by these presents Grant and 
Declare that the said present Minister and Incumbent and all others, who shall 
hereafter be Ministers of the said Reformed Protestant Dutch Church and shall 
have the care of the Souls of the said members of the said church, shall not nor 
shall any of them, be removed from the said church or care unless by and with 
the Direction, consent and approbation of the Elders and Deacons and all those 
that have been or shall have been, Elders and Deacons of the Said Church, or the 
Major part of them; — 

5. Deacons. Alms, 

And our further will and pleasure is, and we do hereby further Declare that It 
shall and may be lawful for the Deacons of the said church for the time being, 
or any other Person Sufficiently Authorized by them, at all and any time or times 
when the members of the said church, or any of them, meet and Assemble to- 
gether in the said church for the publick worship or Service of God, to collect and 
Gather together the free and voluntary alms of the members of the said church, 
or other persons congregated as aforesaid, which Alms are to be employed by the 
Elders and Deacons for the time being, or the major part of them, unto such pious 
and charitable uses as they and their Successors or the major part of them at their 
Discretion shall think Convenient and Needful; — 

And our will and pleasure further is, and we do hereby Declare that from time 
to time as need shall require, one or more able Minister or Ministers Lawfully 
ordained according to the Constitutions and Directions aforesaid, shall and may 
be Nominated, Elected, Called and Inducted into the said Protestant Dutch Church, 
(by the same persons, after the same manner and In the same form as is before 
Directed and Declared, in Case the said Church or Cure (?) shall be vacant either 
by the death or removal of the present Minister or Incumbent), to be a Preacher 
or Preachers and Assistants to the said Minister and his Successors, in the Cele- 
bration of the Divine offices of praying and Preaching and other Dutys Incident 
to and to be oerformed in the said Church as shall be required of him by the 
ministers. Elders and Deacons of the said Church, for the time being, or the Major 
part of them and shall likewise from time to time Nominate a bell-ringer and 
Sexton and such other under officers as they shall stand in need of, to remain in 
their respective Offices so long as the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the said 
Church for the time being, or the Major part of them, shall think fitt; — 

VII. Privileges Allowed said Corporation. 
1. May Change their Time of Meeting. 

And we do of our Further speciall Grace, Certain knowledge and meer Motion, 
Give and Grant unto the said Minister, Elders and Deacons of the said Church 
and their Successors forever, that the Minister Elders and Deacons of the said 
Church for the time being or the major part of them shall have and we have 
hereby given and Granted unto them, full power and authority from time to time 
and at all times hereafter, to appoint, alter and change such days and times of 
meetings as they, or the Major part of them shall think fitt, 

2. May Receive Members, and Appoint other Officers. 

And to choose. Nominate and Appoint such and so many of our Liege people as 
they, or the Major part of them, shall think fitt, who shall be willing to accept of 
being Members of their said (Church and Corporation and body Politick, and them 
into the same to adm.itt, and to Elect and Constitute such other officer and officers, 
as they, or the Major part of them shall think fitt and requisite for the Ordering 
Managing and dispatching the affairs of the said Clhurch and Corporation; — 

3. May Change their Rules. 

And from time to time to make, ordain and constitute such rules. Orders and 
Ordinances for the Grood discipline and Weal of the Members of the said Church 
and corporation, as they or the Major part of them shall think fitt, so that those 
mles, ordeis and Ordinances be not repugnant to the Laws of that part of our 

OF THE State of JSTew Yokk. 2651 

Kingdom of Great Brittain called England and of this our Province, or dissonant 
to the principles of our Protestant Religion, but as near as may be agreeable to 
our Laws of that part of our Kingdom of Great Brittain called England, and Con- 
sonant to the Articles of faith and Worship of God Agreed upon by the aforesaid 
Synod of Dort; — 

YIII. Final Ratificatiois" of their Title, Etc. 
1. Right to their Real Estate, 

And further know ye that we of our abundant Grace, certain knowledge and 
meer motion, Have given, Granted, Ratified and Confirmed, and by these presents 
for us, our Heirs and successors, do give, Grant, Ratifye and Confirm unto the 
said Ministers, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of 
Schenectady in the County of Albany and their Successors, all that the said Church 
and the ground on which the same stands, which said ground is in Breadth from 
East to West Sixty-five feet, and in Length from North to South Eighty feet, 

2. Right to their Income, 

And all benefits, Profits and appurtenances to the same belonging, or in anywise 
appertaining, — 

3. For the Particular Use Indicated, 

To have and to hold all and singular the premises aforesaid, with the appurte- 
nances unto them the said Minister, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church of Schenectady in the County of Albany aforesaid and their Suc- 
cessors: to their only proper use and behoof forever, 

4. Ownership of the Most Honorable Kind. 

To be holden of us, our Heirs and Successors in free and common Socage as of 
our Mannor of East Greenwich in our County of Kent, with that part of our 
Kingdom of Great Brittain called England 

5. For a Nominal Rent, 

Yielding, rendering and paying therefor Yearly and every Year forever unto us, 
onr Heirs and Successors on the feast day of the Annunciation of the blessed 
Virgin Mary, at our City of New York, the Annual rent of five shillings Current 
Money of our said Province, in Lieu and Stead of all other rents, Dues, Services, 
dutys. Claims and Demands Whatsoever for the premises; — 

6. Right to Rehuild. 

And we do further will and grant that in case it should happen the said Church, 
by any accident, happen to be burned, fall down or come to ruin, the Minister, 
Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Schenectady in 
the County of Albany for the time being or the major part of them shall and may 
build and Erect another Church, in the same or in any other place in Schenectady 
aforesaid ; — 

7. To he Construed Most Favorably, Etc, 

And lastly we do for us, our Heirs and Successors, Ordain and Grant unto the 
said Minister, Elders and Deacons of the said Reformed Protestant Dutch Church 
within Schenectady aforesaid and their Successors, by these presents, that this our 
Grant shall be firm, good, effectual and available in all things to the Law to ail 
interests, constructions and purposes whatsoever, according to our true Intent and 
meaning herein before declared; and shall be construed, reputed and adjudged in 
all cases most favorable on the behalf and for the best benefit and behoof of the 
said Minister, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of 
Schenectady and their Successors, Although Express mention of the yearly value 
or certainty of the premises, or any of them, in these presents, is not named or 
any Statute, Act. Ordinance, Provision, Proclamation, or restriction heretofore had, 
made, enacted, Ordained or Provided, or any other matter, clause, or thing what- 
soever, to the Contrary hereof notwithstanding. 



2652 Ecclesiastical Records 

8. Signed and Sealed, 

In Testimony whereof we have caused these our Letters to be made patent, and 
the Great Seal of our said Province to be hereunto affixed. 

Witness our trusty and well beloved William Cosby, Esq., Captain General and 
Governor in Chief of our Province of New York and New Jersey and Territories 
thereon depending in America, and Vice Admirall of the same, and CoUonell in 
our Army in, by and with the advice and consent of our Councill of our Province 
of New Yorlj, at our Fort George in New York the twenty third of August In the 
Eightli year ot our Reign, Annoq Domini 1734. 

Fred'k Morris, D. Secy. 
— Hist, of the Reformed Church of Schenectady, pp. 98-105. 

Classis of Amsterdam, 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Rev. Kals. Rev. Frelinghuyseiu 

1734, September 6tli. Two letters were read, from Revs. 
Engel and Selyn. Tlie case of Rev. Kals was acted on finally, 
(preemptoir) and by order of Classis, communicated to the Noble 
Estimable Society (of Suriname). The Deputies give an account 
of the letters of Rev. Frielinghuysen, and the authorized repre- 
sentatives of Raritan. The Deputies receive instruction to notify 
the Messrs. Directors, xxii. 257. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Case of Rev. Frelinghuysen and Raritan. 

1734, Sept. 6th. The following letters from New ISTether- 
land were read by the Rev. Deputati ad res Exteras, touching 
specially the affairs of Raritan: viz., 

1. A letter from Rev. Frielinghuysen and the Consistory of 
Raritan, addressed to the discontented members of (the church of) 
Raritan and Millstone (now Harlingen) of August 26, 1733. In 
this they declare that they will conduct themselves in all things, 
in accordance with the letter of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam 
of October 19, 1732, and offer, in compliance with t'he intention 
of Classis, to make peace with the others. 

2. Also a letter from the malcontents of Raritan, and their 
fellow members of ffillstone, (now Harlingen) to Rev. Frieling- 
huysen and his Consistory, of September 27, 1733, in which, on 

OF THE State of !N"ew York. • 2653 


their part, they also make offer of peace and reunion; and for 

tHs purpose propose several Peace-Articles. 

3. Another letter, sent hj Rev. Frielinghnysen and his Con- 
sistory to the aforesaid complainants, and their fellow members 
of Millstone, (now Harlingen), of October 10, 1733, in reply t<f 
theirs, just mentioned, in which they approve of all the proposed. 
Peace-Articles, so far as concerns all material points; and they 
accept of them, suggesting only a few modifications to some of 
the said articles; and finally, 

4. A letter from Rev. Frielinghuysen and his Consistory, to 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, of ISTovember 25, 1733, in which 
they make known that the resolution of the Rev. Classis in re- 
gard to the excommunicated ones, has so far, already, been carried 
out. They also gave notice that they are willing to effect com- 
plete peace and reunion with the discontented, as is shown by the 
two letters appended. But they submit for consideration, 
whether it is not best, according to their proposition made to the 
discontented, for them unitedly to make out a joint call, for some 
minister, in that land, (America), and who together with Rev. 
PrieKnghuysen, could take charge of the entire work of the 
various churches in the Raritan (valley); and yet they, (the Con- 
sistory) will be disposed, if the Classis should send someone, to 
receive him with all proper respect. 

The Classis was pleased to observe from these letters the 
mutual disposition to peace and reunion of the congregations, and 
approved the Peace-Articles, proposed, by the one side, and ac- 
cepted by the other side, in their totality, as well as separately* 
The Classis directs their Deputies to draw up letters both to Rev. 
Prielinghuysen with his Consistory, as well as to the Complain- 
ants both at Raritan and at Millstone, (now Harlingen), to make 
known the pleasure of the Rev. Classis in the premises. The 
said Messrs. Deputies are also recommended to make certain com- 
ments on those few points on which the parties seem to differ; 
and to submit, especially to the consideration of the said Com- 


2654 Ecclesiastical Records 

plainants, whether they could not agree with the others, according 
to Rev. Frielinghujsen's proposition, to call a lawful minister 
there in that country; inasmuch as no suitable person had yet 
come to the notice of the Classis, who could be sent thither; but 
if they desire that one should be sent from here, that then the 
Classis would look about for a suitable person, xi. 157-158. 

Acts of the Olassis of Amsterdam. 

Letter from ISTew Albany. 

1Y34, Sept 6th. A letter was also handed in to this Assem- 
bly, from the Church of ISTew Albany, by Mr. Hagelis. This had 
been received by him, from Madame, the widow of Mr. van do 
Wall. It was placed by the Rev. Classis in the hands of the 
Messrs. Deputies on foreign affairs, in order to report thereon in 
due time. xi. 160. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies. Eall of 1734. 
Extracts from letters received in the year 1734 from '^ew 
IN^etherland, about the Raritan case. 


A letter written by the Consistory of the four combined con- 
gregations of the Raritans, to the disaffected ones, dated August 
26, 1733. In this 

I. They make known to them (the disaffected), the contents of 
the letter received by them, the Consistory, (from the Classis), 
and dated October 19, 1732. This was intended to make peace 
with the disaffected; to relieve those under censure; and to in- 
struct Rev. Frelinghuysen to hold himself to the rules of the 
ITetherland churches. 

II. The Consistory of the four churches shows itself willing 
to accommodate themselves thereto, in all things, according to 
the mind of the Rev. Classis. 

OF THE State of ITew Yore:. 


m. And in order to carry out this purpose of Classis, to invite 
them to reunion: and to offer, on their part, to appoint time and 


A letter from tlie disaffected ones, 
and their fellow members of Mill- 
stone (Harlingen) to Rev. Freling- 
huysen and his Consistory, dated Sep- 
tember 27, 1733. 

In which also on their side they 
offer to make peace: To this end 
proposing the following Articles of 
peace : 

First: That the members who were 
discharged (from censure) by or- 
der of Classis, be also treated as 
unaccused members. 

Secondly: That in all things the 
Netherland Church- Order be fol- 
lowed; and that never another ser- 
vice be permitted in the churches 
of the Raritans, than the Dutch 
service; in conformity with that of 
the Netherland Churches. 

Thirdly: That the minister, granted 
by the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam 
for Millstone, (Harlingen), being 
accepted, and having begun; Rev. 
Trielinghuysen and the newly sent 
one shall be looked upon, from that 
time forth, as together, the minis- 
ters of all Raritan and Millstone, 
(Harlingen) ; and all those sepa- 
rate districts belonging to them, 
shall be ministered unto, as is dona 
by Revs. Antonides and Freeman 
on Long Island. 

For the doing of this, arrange- 
ments were made and proposed as 
follows : 

In reply to this, serves the letter 
of Rev. Frielinghuysen and his Con- 
sistory, sent to the disaffected fellow- 
members of Millstone, (Harlingen) 
dated October 10, 1733. 

The reply to the Peace-articles is 
as follows: 



1. To abide, as far as is practica- 
ble, in those countries, by the Church- 
Order, discipline, and formulae; id. 

2. Never to let anyone but an or- 
thodox Reformed minister preach; 
but to give the privilege to the Con- 
sistory and congregation of a church, 
(when it was not their turn to hear 
the actual pastor,) to let a minister 
preach of the same confession, but of 
another language. 

1. The districts are named, where 
the services are to be rendered by 
both Old Raritan, Millstone, (Ha?" 


Ecclesiastical Records 


lingen), Six Mile Run, Bnmswick, 
North Branch, ( Readington ) . 

2. They would come to an agree- 
ment with each other about the build- 
ing of the churches at Six Mile Run 
and Brunswick. 

3. All the districts named should 
bear the expense of the new parson- 
age, to be built for the preacher 
about to come; even as they contrib- 
uted towards Rev. Frielinghuysen's 

4. That both the ministers should 
be paid by all the districts jointly, 
each according to the terms in his 
call; so that nevertheless it should 
be seen to mutually even up also the 
salaries, in agreement with the equal 
services of the ministers. 

Fourthly: Further, towards the es- 
tablishment of the general Con- 
sistory, it is proposed: 

1. That on the arrival of the new 
minister, then the Rev. Frielinghuy- 
sen and the new minister with Rev. 
Frielinghuysen's Consistory, shall to- 
gether elect half of the Consistory- 
members, from each district, over the 
entire Raritans and Millstone (Har- 

Some exception is made to this. 
Only two congregations had built 
Rev. Frielinghuysen's house. Ap- 
peal to the arrearages of the Pastors 
salary; but they will do their part. 

No direct reply is made to this; 

but if their hearers heard them, 

and had this law ( ? ) from them. 
Submit for consideration if it were 
not better, that they, together, call 
still another minister. However they 
are willing to grant equal salaries, 
if the ministers render equal ser- 
vices; but do not know how it is to 
be effected. 


1. In general, that the ministers 
jointly arrange between themselves 
regarding the appointment of the 

2. But they think that according 
to the 22nd Article of the Church- 
Order, this appointment be made by 
the Consistory then in active ser- 
rice; and with the other parties, by 
delegates, together with the minis- 

2. That then Rev. Frelinghuysen, 
and the minister who has arrived, 
and the delegates from the com- 
plainants, and the Consistory of 
Millstone (Harlingen), shall also 
elect the other half of the entire 
Consistory from each district; and 
that then the two elected halves shall 
be installed as one Consistory each 
in and over their district. 

3. Nevertheless, for the sake of 
peace, they will treat of this later, 
when the minister shall have eome. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 


3. That then, for the first year, the 
half, or those who are oldest in years, 
or in service, shall retire, according 
as it may be agreed on before the 
union; and subsequently, every year, 
the half which has been longest in 
office (shall retire.) 

4. Regarding the mode of action in 
that General Consistory: 

A. If any dispute shall arise with- 
in the congregation, which, according 
to Church-Order, cannot be settled by 
them; such dispute was to be left 
besides their ministers, pro- 
vided the dispute was not about them. 

(1) To the advisory decision of 
such Eefonned Dutch ministers, as 
are orthodox and are in correspond- 
ence with the high Rev. CI ass is 
of Amsterdam; whose deliverance 
should then be, provisionally, fol- 


Unless the situation or the welfare 
of the congregation should require 
otherwise, according to the Churcli- 
Order: Article 22. 

But reference is made to the 
Church-Order, Article 75. This spe- 
cifies for this, if the dispute is in 
the open country, the two nearest 
neighboring churches should attend 
to it; but nevertheless we will over- 
look this also. 

(2) That the entire dispute, and Granted, 

this advisory deliverance, shall then Provided that Classis be not 

be sent over, as soon as possible to troubled with matters which can be 
the Classis of Amsterdam, requesting settled by themselves, 
its final deliverance. This having 
been obtained shall also be strictly 

B. That in the future, they shall 
keep themselves steadfastly subject 
in all ecclesiastical matters, to the 
Classis; in order to prevent all fur- 
ther estrangement in the churches of 
those regions. 

C. That all those who should 
come over to them from other con- 
gregations, with proper certificates, 
should be held to the same terms. 

D. That all preachers, Dutch Re- 
formed ministers in subordination to 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, shall 
also be properly respected. 

3. For the promotion of the reunion 
and peace upon these proposed Arti- 

To accept the certificates, and to 
record them as members; but with 
the privilege of investigating whether 
they are ignorant, or offensive; and 
to keep those out. 

For this is proper. 



Ecclesiastical Records 

(1) That these Articles should be Granted. 
signed by all, both on the part of 

Rev. Frielinghuysen and his Consis- 
tory; and by them individually. 

(2) That the signed Articles should Granted. 
be read from the pulpit, both in the 

Earitans; and at Millstone (Harlin- 
gen), so far as they refer to them; 
that every one might know of the 
peace effected, and might adapt him- 
self thereto, provisionally. 

(3) That all these Articles shall b« Granted, 
sent over to the High Rev. Classis of 

Amsterdam, to await its (final de- 
cisions), as the competent Classical 
Judge, according to Church-Order, 
Art. 36; and to adapt themselves 
thereto as soon as the injunctions of 
their High Rev^"d's shall have been 

(4) And, especially that the Clas- Granted, 
sical decisions shall be signed by all 

members of the Consistory who shall 
then be in office, together with their 

(5) Every year this must also be Granted, 
done by the newly incoming members, 

elders and deacons, before their in- 

N. B. To this they ask an answer 
at the earliest opportunity. The let- 
ter was signed by the following, as 
commissioners of their fellow-mem- 
bers, in the Raritans and at Mill- 
stone, (Harlingen); Peter du Mont, 
Simon Wykhof, Henry Vroom, Daniel 
Sebering, Cort van Voories, Barent 
Stryker, Reinier Vechten. 

Extract from a letter of Rev. Frelinglmjsen and Ms Con- 
sistory, written to the Classis of Amsterdam, and dated, E'ovem- 
ber 25, 1733. 

They refer themselves, in respect to their compliance with 
Classical order regarding the disaffected, to the Classis of June 
^2- xxii. 277-281. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 2659 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
[ISicts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 
The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. J. Frelinghnysen, etc. 
October 4, 1734. xxix. 151, No. 30. 

To Rev. Frelinghuysen and the other members of Consistory of the four com- 
bined congregations at Raretans: 

Reverend Learned and Highly Esteemed Brethren: — Your letter of November 
25th, 1733, with the enclosed papers, we duly received, and read with joy. The 
Rev. Classis learned with the greatest satisfaction your readiness to execute 
its decisions, not only in regard to the restoration of the members under censure, 
but especially in making peace with those who had complained. Thus there is 
now a complete restoration of peace and unity in your congregations. To this you 
absolutely and voluntarily committed yourselves in your letter of August 26, 1733. 
Not less was the Classis rejoiced at the success of the offer on the part of the 
Complainants. They in their letter to you, of September 27, 1733, earnestly sought 
peace and reunion, according to the suggestion of Classis. To this end they send 
you a draught of Articles, upon which, as they thought, peace and reunion could 
be effected. We perceive in your reply, in connection with the people of Milston, 
(Harlingen), to said Complainants, of October 10th 1733, that these Artick-s were 
approved by you and accepted; or at least the principal ones were accepted, the 
differences relating only to some minor points. 

Classis thanks God for your mutual loving desires for peace, and for th« 
arrangements thus agreed to; and hopes that the salutary scheme will soon b« 
fully accomplished, and have a long and blessed continuance. In order to do this 
may you become more heartily one in faith and charity; in the reverence of God'a 
name, and in the enjoyment of his peace, ruling In your hearts; and thus abide 
In Christ. 

The Rev. Classis seeks, as much as lies in her power, to co-operate with you in 
this work. She therefore despatches her answer as quickly as possible, in accord- 
ance with your common request, to examine and ratify the draught proposed and 

" The Rev. Classis fully approves of the proposals which have been mutually 
accepted, and ratifies them by her final decision. She also requests the brethren 
of each side, according to said Plan, and so far as they have already come into 
agreement, to confirm the peace, that the associated churches may be properly 
governed. Let everything be done to secure the signing of the Articles, and the 
having them read before the congregations, according to the terms specified in 
the same." 

The Rev. Classis will not attempt to decide the minor points about which there 
yet seems to be some difference of opinion, such as the settling the costs of build- 
ing a new parsonage. These are best understood and can be more properly set- 
tled among yourselves. Neither would we show, by too minute directions about 
comparatively unimportant circumstances, that we have any doubts of the one side 
or the other; for thus this important business might be retarded. Nevertheless the 
Classis has carefully pondered one or two of the Articles, wherein they meet 
with some difliculties: 

I For example, with regard to Article 2: " That in all things the Dutch 
Church-Order be followed; that none other than the Dutch service, in conformity 
with the churches of the Netherlands, be permitted in the churches of the 
Raretans ". 

You accept this with this distinction; never to admit any other minister to the 
service than an orthodox Reformed minister of the same Confession, although of 
another language. 

Worthy Brethren: It does seem, indeed, on the side of the proposers, (the Com- 
plainants,) to limit matters too narrowly, by excluding every other language. But 
(1) We add, you can easily understand what language they must have in view. 
Is it not, indeed, the English language? Now you know as well as ourselves, 
that although the orthodoxy of the orthodox brethren of the English nation can- 



2660 Ecclesiastical Records 

not be doubted; yet there are many of that people and tongue, wanderers about 
New Netherland, who would be recognized as orthodox as little by the Presby- 
terians as by the Episcopal Church of England. 

(2) And then also, it is frequently difficult here in Holland to discover the 
heterodoxy of certain ones who creep secretly into the churches. How much 
more so would it be in a country where the political constitution forbids any 
very special attention to such matters. 

(3) One might be well known as orthodox, having given abundant proofs thereof 
by his public ministrations; yet, if he had not been ordained according to the 
Church-Order of the Netherlands, he ought to be avoided, because he has not 
accepted such Church-Order, with its Discipline and Formulas; and has not 
promised to hold himself to them. 

Therefore, Worthy Brethren, the Rev. Classis has its anxieties whether your 
distinction —" an orthodox minister, but of another language", although it may 
meet with no objection from the proposers of these Articles, (the Complainants) 
may not in the future lead to difficulties and disputes. Therefore the Classis 
judges that it will be safest not to insist upon the amendment " but of another 
language"; or if retained, to add, but "ordained according to Dutch Church- 
Order, lawfully called, examined and ordained, with the acceptance of the 
Formulas ". 

II. With reference to a second minister, who would be equal in all respects 
with Rev. Frielinghuysen; as is the case on Long Island, where there are two 
ministers: Now the Complainants at Raretans, with their adherents at Milston, 
(Harlingen), want a minister from over here. We have already granted such a 
request to the church at Milston. But we judge it best that you should unite In 
calling a new pastor for your locality. The Classis acknowledges that it is all 
the same to her, as long as there is unanimity, which ever way it goes. Never- 
theless, should the Brethren who have proposed these Articles, especially those of 
Milston, insist upon a minister from over here, (for themselves), we could not 
refuse them, because of our former resolution and promise. 

III. There is still a single remark by the Classis regarding your reception of 
certificates of members who come to you from other quarters. You desire to 
record their names, but also determine to make inquiries about them, in order 
to keep away those who are ignorant or troublesome. The latter, when their 
characters are known, may certainly with propriety be kept away. But ignorance. 
Brethren, without any other reason, does not make one liable to censure, accord- 
ing to the Netherland Church-Order, unless he persistently remains ignorant, in 
spite of all instruction. But investigation, instruction, and encouragement are 
necessary to them in order that they may learn how to show forth the Lord's 

We now think we have sufficiently replied to your letter with its enclosed 
documents. You know our opinions. We have given you the decision of Classis 
in plain language, to the execution of which, both parties have bound themselves. 
We earnestly desire that all this may be immediately done by you. This we expect 
to hear in your reply. We remain meanwhile, in accordance with the Word of 
God, and we hope also that you remain, in the possession of a good conscience. 

In the name of all, 

Etc., etc. 
Amsterdam, October 4, 1734. 

Classis op Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Messrs. Peter Du Mont, Simon Wyk- 
hof, Henry Vroom and others, the Committee at Raretan, with 
associates at Milston (Harlingen), October 4, 1734. xxix. 154. 
No. 31. 

Worthy Brethren: — The Classis has learned with much satisfaction that Rev. 
Frielinghuysen and the other members of the Consistory of Raretans, have com- 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 2661 


plied with the resolution of the Rev. Classis, enclosed in a letter to them of 
October 19, 1732. Not only have they released the censured members from their 
censure, but they have shown their willingness to make peace, according to the 
Plan of Rev. Classis, by inviting you, in a letter dated August 26, 1733, to a 
conference with them. With no less joy did the Rev. Classis receive — In a 
letter from Rev. Frielinghuysen and his Consistory, dated November 25, 1738, in 
which they confirm the report — a document or letter from you to them, dated 
September 27, 1733, wherein you, on your part, show no less readiness to promote 
peace and union, on such conditions, as could effect this object with the divine 
blessing, and make it perpetual. To this end you drafted certain Articles and 
presented them. 

It greatly gratifies the Rev. Classis that Rev. Frielinghuysen and his Consistory, 
in the main, approved your Plan and conceded everything, except some minor 
points, which yet remain open; as also appears from their letter to you of October 
19, 1733. Meantime the Classis think that this effort for peace should be con- 
cluded as soon as possible. This is also hoped for by both you and them, accord- 
ing to the Plan set forth. Therefore the Classis expresses its complete accept- 
ance of said Plan, and complies with your mutual request for the ratification of 
the same. (Here is repeated the formal ratification of Letter of October 4, 1734, 
to Frielinghuysen.) 

We heartily pray that the God of all grace and Peace may rule in your hearts 
by his Spirit, and unite your hearts together in the fear of his name, in the bond 
of charity. Let a gentle spirit be shown that the church of our Lord may be 
built up in those countries, and be consecrated to the only Shepherd, as a habi- 
tation of truth and righteousness. 

Thomas Van Son, Pres. etc. 
Peter Zaunslifer, Scriba, etc. 
Amsterdam, October 4, 1734. 

P. S. It may be necessary to call to mind the points of difference. In I. Art. 2, 
" you require that in all things the Dutch Church-Order be adhered to ". This 
is accepted by them. But you add, "And never any other services than the 
Dutch, in conformity with the Netherland churches, be permitted in the churches 
of Raretans ". They have agreed to this with a limitation: " Never indeed to 
admit any other minister than an orthodox Reformed Minister of the same Con- 
fession, although he preach in another language ". The omission of reference to 
language on your part may have been because you did not find it convenient to 
specify. If they will agree to omit the reference to language, Classis will be 
satisfied; but if they insist on the insertion of this clause, It might be yielded to 
them with this addition: " But ordained according to the Dutch Church-Order, 
being lawfully called, examined and ordained, with adoption of the Formulas ". 
In this way you will be safe against what you fear. 

II. In reference to the matter of calling a second pastor. You expect to secure 
a pastor from Holland, even as this has already been granted to the people of 
Milston, (Harlingen), who however, consider it best to unite with you in calling 
a pastor. 

The Rev. Classis leaves it to your judgment whether their request is particu- 
larly objectionable, if you could agree upon the person. It would certainly 
accelerate the important work of your church to have a second pastor. But it 
is uncertain w