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Press of the Daily News, Greenville, S. C. 















Press of the Daily News, Greenville, S. C. 


The Greenville Guards to Captain W. C. McGowan : 

Greenville, S. C, February 28, 1893, 

Captain W. C. McGozvan, Abbeville, S. C. : 

Dear Sir: — I take pleasure in enclosing you an official 
copy of the resolutions adopted by the Greenville Guards 
at a meeting held on the 27th inst. 

I beg to express the hope that you will favorably consider 
the request contained in the resolutions. 

Very respectfully 


Secretary G. G. 

The Resolutions : 

Greenville, S. C, February 28, 1893, 
At a meeting of the Greenville Guards, held on the 27th 
inst., the following resolutions were offered by Lieutenant 
Conyers and unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Greenville Guards are 
due and are hereby tendered Captain W. C. McGowan, 
of Abbeville, S. C, for his eloquent and scholarly address 
delivered by him before this Company at their Anniversary, 
Washington's Day, 1893. 

Resolved, That the above resolution be forwarded to 
Captain McGowan, with the request for a copy of his 
address for publication by this Company. 

Resolved, That Captain W. C. McGowan be elected an 
Honorary member of the Greenville Guards. 

A. R. MORGAN, Captain G. G. 

Secretary G. G. 


Captain W. C. McGowan to the Greenville Guards : 

Abbeville, S. C, March 6, 1893, 
Mr. A. R. Morgan, Secretary Greenville Gtiards, 

Greenville, S. C. 
Dear Sir: — Your communication, dated February 28th, 
only reached me this P.. M. I take the earliest opportunity 
for replying. 

I am exceedingly grateful to my Greenville friends, the 
Guards, for their very kind resolutions adopted on the 27th 
February, and am gratified that they should think my 
address worthy of preservation. I enclose the manuscript 
as you request. 

With my sincere thanks to your gallant command for the 
honor done me, and with my best wishes to them for along 
and prosperous career, graced by many such delightful cele- 
brations as your banquet of 1893, I remain. 

Yours very truly, 




February 22nd, 1893. 

From The Greenville, S. C, Daily News, February 23c?, 1893 : 


Appropriate and Enjoyable Celebration 
of Yesterday. 

Captain McGowan's Oration Last Night — A Fine Effort Thoroughly 

Appreciated— The Life Story of the World's Greatest 

Man — Last Nights Banquet — Colonel 

Armstrong's Beautiful 

Tribute to 


The Greenville Guards are to be congratulated on their 
celebration of Washington's birthday. It was a thoroughly 
delightful occasion and a perfect success from beginning to 
end, and will be memorable in local annals as one of the 
most well arranged and completely executed occasions the 
city has ever known. 

There was a large gathering of friends of the company in 
Ferguson's hall. The ladies were present in very large 
numbers and appeared to enjoy the exercises heartily. 

The stage was handsomely and appropriately decorated. 
At the rear were three large flags draping the entire width 
of the stage. The United States flag was in the middle, a 
silk State flag hung at the right and at the left was the 
Confedrate flag with the inscription : 

"Though conquered we adore it. 
Love the cold dead hands that bore it." 

Life size portraits of Captains Norwood, Sloan and Smyth 
in full uniform stood on easles, facing the audience, and the 

frames were trimmed with evergreens and flowers. At the 
front were two full stacks of rifles with belts and cartridge 
boxes on them. On the walls of the dressing rooms flanking 
the stage were large W's of rifles. 

As usual with Greenville people, the audience was late 
arriving and it was 8 o'clock when the members of the 
company marched in, in their handsome uniforms and with 
military precision went to their place at the front row of 
seats. There were on the stage Capt. E. A. Smyth, com- 
manding the company and presiding, Lieutenants Conyers, 
Bentz and Anderson, Chaplain Mercer, Surgeon Wilkerson, 
Col. James Armstrong, of Charleston, Judge J. S. Cothran, 
Capt. W. C. McGowan, the orator of the occasion, Col. J. C. 
Boyd, in uniform, Maj. J. A. Mooney, of the Butler Guards, 
Col. J. W. Cagle, Mayor Gilreath, Col. J. A. Hoyt, Julius C. 
Smith, J. F. Richardson, R. G. McPherson, James H. Max- 
well, Charles McAlister, H. J. Haynsworth, Frank Capers, 
L. W. Parker, C. Garlington, of Spartanburg, J. S. Cureton, 
A. W. Anderson, C. McAlister and other distinguished 
guests and citizens, most of them in fwll dress or uniform. 

The Rev. I. M. Mercer, chaplain of the company, opened 
the proceedings with prayer. A little stir went through 
the audience when, in giving thanks for the existence of 
the organization to maintain law and order, he spoke of 
"cruel and inhuman murderers going about our streets" 
and the apparent difficulty in having justice done. 

Miss Ellie Earle, daughter of Col. J. H. Earle, performed 
brilliantly on the large piano standing in the hall the Mar- 
seillaise Hymn, the martial strains of which thrilled the 
audience and evoked its applause. 

Captain Smyth said, just fifteen years ago at a celebra- 
tion similar to this by the company he then had the honor 
to command, the Washington Artillery of Charleston, it had 
been his privilege and pleasure to introduce as the orator 
of the day, that eminent soldier, Statesman and jurist, Gen- 
eral Samuel McGowan. To-night he had the pleasure of 
introducing to a Greenville audience, the worthy son of a 
worthy father; Captain William C. McGowan, of Abbeville, 
the orator of the Greenville Guards. 

Captain McGowan then advanced and was received with 
warm applause. His oration occupied nearly an hour in its 
delivery and was universally commended as a model of fit- 
ness for the occasion and compliance with its purpose. He 
was frequently interrupted by enthusiastic applause. What 
he said was thoroughly well said — often eloquently said — 
and covered the ground of Washington's career and char- 
acter with vivid touches and with wonderful completeness. 

There was prolonged applause as Captain McGowan con- 
cluded one of the most useful, complete and compact ora- 
tion ever prepared for such an occasion, and the enthusiasm 
was renewed a few minutes later when "Dixie" dashed and 
sparkled from the piano under Miss Earle's fingers. 

The chaplain then pronounced the benediction. 


After the address by Captain McGowan at Ferguson's 
hall, the Greenville Guards and their guests assembled in 
the parlors of the M.ansion House. At half past 9 o'clock 
Guards and guests proceeded to the dining room to enjoy 
the rich banquet prepared by Mr. Gates. 

Capt. E. A. Smyth presided, introducing the Rev. I. M. 
Mercer who asked the Divine blessings upon the assembled 
company and friends: 

Thirty-three members of the Guards were present in 
uniform and sixty reserve members in full evening dress. 

Among the invited guests were Colonel Armstrong, of 
Charleston; Colonel Boyd and Lieutenant Colonel Mooney, 
of the Fifth S. C. Volunteers; Captain McGowan, Judge 
Cothran, J. C. Garlington, R. L. Todd, J. E. Hazell and 
Lieutenant E. M. Blythe, of the Butler Guards. 


Lynnhaven Bay Oysters, Half Shell 
Norfolk Selects, Stewed. 

Kalamazoo Celery, Queen Olives, 

Chicken Salad, Sliced Tomatoes, 

Champaigne, Extra Dry. 


Boned Turkey. Boiled Magnolia Ham. 

Aspic Jelly'. Current Jelly. 

Salmon Salad. 

Fruit Cake. Plain Cake. 

Assorted Cakes. 

Monticello Claret. 

Newport Ice Cream. Greenville Guards Punch. 

Assorted Fruits. Assorted Nuts. 

French Coffee. Green Tea. 

Sweet Milk. 

After an hour and a half spent in the enjoyment of the 
delicious viands, Captain Smyth arose and in a short happy 
address introduced Col. J. A. Hoyt to respond to the toast. 

"The day we celebrate. Glorious in the annals of our Com- 
monwealth as the birthday of him we call the father of his 
country, and as the anniversary of the Greenville Guards." 

Colonel Hoyt's response was a glowing tribute to the 
memory of Washington, taking the "Farewell Address" of 
the great patriot as the key note of his remarks, commend- 
ing his sublime character as the model, comparing the last 
great American, Grover Cleveland, with the first and 
greatest of all Americans. There was a hearty response to 
the eloquent and patriotic speech. 

The next toast, ''The Orator of the Day, eloquent and 
silver tongued. We owe him thanks for his able address 
this evening." 

This toast naturally called Captain McGowan to his feet 
and he commended the Guards for their patriotic efforts to 
keep alive the old time custom of observing the day and 
more especially their marked success in keeping up the 
standard of the company by frequent social and other 
unions. He intimated that he had been heard enough for one 
evening and said he would resign the floor to the eloquent 
son of Charleston, Colonel Armstrong. 

The third toast : 

"Wade Hampton. Manly man and soldier Statesman. 
The true type of a South Carolina hero." 

Colonel Armstrong was greeted with rounds of applause 

when he arose to respond. 

He introduced himself by a series of humorous remarks 
which at once caught the attention and interest of all pres- 
ent. He spoke of Hampton as the great Carolinian. In 
chaste and striking language, he followed the history of 
Hampton through the war, relating the pathetic and dram- 
atic scene when Hampton's son was killed at the side of the 
father — the soldier hastily dismounting, kissing the pale 
brow of his dead boy, then leaping into the saddle and 
dashing like a god of war into the thickest flame of carnage 
madly driving the enemy before him. Then he traced 
Hampton's career through the strife of '76. leading his 
people to victory and redeeming his State from the hands 
of knaves and thieves. Then his service in the Senate of the 
United States and the love and respect shown him by his 
associates was touched upon. There was a pause. It was 
a wonderfully dramatic situation as the speaker stood with 
hand raised and pronounced the words : 

"Wade Hampton is now a private citizen." 

There was a hush — a painful stillness as the words were 
uttered. The orator spoke of the • age of the hero, how 
before many years he must go to join the glorious and 
glorified spirits of Jackson, Stuart, Lee and the hosts of others 
who had fought with him. Then the stars and the sun 
would shine on the narrow mound which hid Hampton from 
view, but on his heart would be written "the Confederacy- 
Carolina," and the people would say he was "The Great 

The other toasts of the evening were read and responded 
to as follows : 

"South Carolina. Glorious in her past, yet hopeful of her 
future." H. J. Haynsworth. 

"The Judiciary. Mightier than the bayonet, stronger 
than passion; in its majestic presence the weak grow valiant 
and the oppressed become free." Judge J. S. Cothran. 

"The City of Greenville. The Pearl of the Piedmont. 
May she continue in her onward march of progress and 
prosperity." Mayor W. W. Gilreath. 

"The Fifth Regiment, S. C. V. T. Where duty calls, 


there you will always find them." Col. J. A. Mooney. 

'•The Butler Guards. • The brave custodian of an honored 
name. We hail them as brothers in arms." E. M. 

"The Press. The sentinel of civilization. To its watch- 
fulness we look for warning as danger approaches." J. 
Conway Garlington. 

"Woman. Oh, woman ! Lovely woman! Nature made 
thee to temper man. We had been brutes without you." L. 
W. Parker. 

At a late hour, or rather an early hour, the banquet closed 
with the unanimous opinion that it was a most delightful 



The most striking- object which meets the eye as you 
near the splendid Capital of our country, is a towering- 
obelisk. No base reliefs surround its broad foundation. 
No carving nor sculpture. No deep cut letters of praise or 
epitaph. No figure crowns its lofty top. A simple massive 
marble shaft, it reaches heavenward nearly 600 feet. One 
need not be told that this is Washington's Monument, and 
gazing upon its perfect proportions and marble purity, one 
can but feel the influence of its silent grandeur and its 
stately dignity. A nation's tribute to her greatest son. 

"When Phaon, the sophist, consulted the oracle, he was 
directed 'to enquire of the dead,' and turning to the 
records of their wisdom, found the answer he sought " 

It is well, mv friends, to occasionallv review the life of 
some great and good man. It is well for the young of our 
land to have held up to them the high qualities and 
great achievements of our forefathers, so that they may, as 
far as possible, pattern after them. We should always 
strike high. We can approximate if we can not attain. 

Of perfect characters we have had but one, He who spake 
as never man spake before, and worthy of all imitation; but 
of mere earthly men after careful study, I deliberately say, 
that all in all, the worthiest, highest, and best example, of 
the many which the world has given us, is that of George 

When your kind summons to appear before you on this 
occasion, first reached me, I determined to speak of Wash- 
inton as the typical American, as it were, applying his 
standards to the men and measures of to-day; but as I read 
more and more of this wonderful man, I determined to 
speak only of him- I shall ne»ver repent my choice. It has 
at least made me familiar with his career, and taught me 
to appreciate his worth, and if by what I say to-night, I can 


induce any of you to go and do likewise, I will feel amply 
repaid for whatever time and study I may have given the 
subject. We do not know enough of Washington. How 
many of as have read his life ? We know he was called the 
father of his country, and are familiar with the story of ihe 
hatchet and the cherry tree, and other mythical traditions, 
being content to go no deeper into the subject. We are 
inclined to think of him as a high, pure man, something 
above mediocrity, who luckily came upon the scene during 
the infancy of our country, when great men were scarce, 
and achievements exaggerated: and we are apt to think that 
if he was so good, he could not have been so great. This 
should not be. I confess 10 being one of those who under- 
estimated him, but, I also confess that since studying his 
life and character, the whole current of my thought is 
changed; I now consider him the greatest of our many great 
men. I am therefore grateful to mv Greenville friends, not 
only for the honor of being called to address you, but also 
for the opportunity which otherwise I might never have 
made, of becoming acquainted with this illustrious man. 

Washington's life is so full of stirring incident from earli- 
est youth, and his character so worthy of careful analysis, 
that it is impossible to do justice to either within the limits 
of a popular address. We must, therefore, to use the meta- 
phor of Coleridge, "tell the storv by flashes of lightning," 
present our hero at different times and under varied cir- 
cumstances, review the opinions of great men, and see what 
impression is left of his character, as a General, as a States- 
man, as a Man. 

"Biography is the best part of history," and it is only by 
the studv of the character and motives of the leading- 
spirits of an epoch, that we can arrive at a just conclusion 
concerning the events which marked it; and from what 
limited study I have been able to give the period which 
includes the birth and infancy of this great Republic, Wash- 
ington appears in all sober truth as the God-given father. 
To use the words of another, "heaven granted us one great 
soul, one leading mind, to extricate the best cause from that 
ruin which seemed to await it." 


Washington was a soldier from his cradle. In hisbo)' , ish 
games he loved to play captain, and early turned his 
thoughts to the studv of war. 

At the aee of nineteen, during the French and Indian 
wars, he was commissioned Adjutant-General of the Vir- 
ginia forces, and at twenty-one, he was made commander of 
of the Northern Military district of Virginia by Governor 

At twenty-three, his vigorous defence of Fort Necessity 
having stamped him as a man of uncommon military talents, 
he was commissioned commander-in-chief of all the Vir- 
ginia forces. For the next three vears he defended a 
frontier of more than 350 miles with 700 men; and in 1758 
he led the expedition which captured Fort DuQuesne, re- 
naming it Fort Pitt. 

These early campaigns, with all their trials and experi- 
ences, went far to form the character, and fit the man for 
his future destiny. The French and Indian war being over, 
he resigned his commission, married Mrs. Custis, a rich 
widow, settled at Mount Vernon, and for the next twenty 
years lived the life of a typical Virginia planter, which in- 
cluded, at that time, an active part in the politics of his 
native State. 

On the 15th of June, 1775, on motion of John Adams, in 
the Continental Congress, he was unanimously elected 
"General and Commander-in-Chief of such forces as are, or 
shall be, raised for the maintenance and preservation of 
American Liberty." 

His eminent biographer, Irving, says of him : "Wash- 
ington had but little private life, his was eminently a public 
character ;" and from the date of his election as Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the army, his great career begins. What 
other character, after facing the search-light of public 
opinion for more than one hundred years, stands forth as 
flawless as his? 

Hear his modest reply when informed of his election. "I 
beg it may be remembered by every gentleman in the 
room, that I this day declare, with the utmost sincerity, I 
do not think myself equal to the command I am honored 

with." To appreciate this honor, we must remember that 
to some extent the same feeling between North and South, 
existed then as now. Puritan against Cavalier. Massachu- 
setts and Virginia were rival colonies. The war had actu- 
ally begun in New England ; two battles had been fought, 
and the army was then commanded bv a New Englander. 
Yet, Washington is nominated by a Massachusetts man, 
and elected unanimously in a body where New England 
sentiment predominated. This shows conclusively what 
his contemporaries thought of him. 

He now begins his wonderful campaign of eight long, 
weary years, during which the weight of his cares and re- 
sponsibilities constantly increased, from the siege of Boston, 
the final triumph of which was long deferred through oppo- 
sition to his plans, followed by his campaign in the Jerseys, 
which included what Frederick the Great has declared, 
"the most brilliant achievements of anv recorded in the 
annals of military action," and so succeeding each other, 
sccesses and reverses. Monmouth and Brandywine, German- 
town and Valley Forge, through all, suffering and priva- 
tions which might well have appalled the bravest, to the 
siege of Yorktown, the crowning victory, when he humbled 
the haughty Cornwallis on the soil of his own beloved Vir- 

Creasy, in his "Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World," 
selects Saratoga as the all-important event of the American 
Revolution. With all due respect, I beg to differ from him. 
It is not surprising that a foreigner, especially an English- 
man, should think Saratoga the turning point in our strug- 
gle. It was startling to hear of the surrender of Burgoyne 
an,d his 8,000 veterans; and more than all, this battle de- 
termined the halting court of France to lend us that aid we 
had so long desired. Hence Creasy 's mistake was natural. 
It was a glorious victory, but it was not the pivot. The tide 
had turned before Saratoga, and in my judgment the battle 
of Trenton decided the fate of American Liberty. 

During the year preceding Trenton, nothing but disaster 
had followed the continental arms. We see city after city 


fall, and defeat follow fast upon defeat, until hope itself was 

Even the patriots lost heart, and the end seemed very 
near. Washington saw that a blow must be struck, more 
to revive his own countrymen than hoping to materially 
weaken his foe. The British, flushed by repeated successes, 
were sure of their prey. Washington chose Christmas 
night, when he thought the enemy would be off his guard. 
He crossed the Delaware amid huge blocks of floating 
ice, and marched eight miles through a blinding storm of 
sleet and snow. Many of his men were bare-footed, leaving, 
as they marched, their foot prints marked with blood. Two 
of his generals were to have joined him, but none save 
Washington could accomplish this perilous undertaking. 
He made the attack alone. As the day began to dawn and 
his men, wearied and almost frozen, neared the town, we 
may imagine the feelings of Washington. He halted and 
thus addressed his followers as they crowded around him : 
"Soldiers, now or never, this is our last chance, march on." 

Never did Napoleon inflame his troops with simpler or 
more heart-reaching eloquence; and never did patriots win 
a more important victory. Without fear, and with but little 
hope, this brave band followed Washington through that 
awful night, as the Greeks followed Leonidas to Thermopy- 
lae; as the Carthaginians followed Hannibal to Zama, and as 
these English red-coats followed Wellington to Waterloo, 
resolved to win or perish. 

'"Ours not to reason why. 
Ours not to make reply, 
Ours but to do or die." 

The despicable Hessians, stupid from their mid-night de- 
bauch were stricken hip and thigh, and once more the ban- 
ner of Liberty floated triumphant to the breeze. 

This bold and daring stroke resulted in the recovery of 
the Jerseys, the renewal of courage and hope, and gained for 
Washington, in Europe, the name of the American Fabius. 

But for this victory, the battle of Saratoga would never 
have been fought, therefore, I say, Trenton should be reck- 
oned as one of the fifteen decisive battles of the world. 


Napoleon, the greatest warrior the world has ever pro- 
duced, has said that he planned some of his most daring 
campaigns after Washington's Delaware manoeuvres. 

Washington knew full well the tremendous issue at stake. 
Had Hannibal triumphed at Zama the progress of the world 
would have stopped. Had Washington failed at Trenton 
or had he been killed or taken prisoner, our Revolution to a 
certainty would have collapsed, and today, instead of enjoy- 
ing political freedom and equality, we might still be but an 
English colony. 

It is not fair to compare Washington with other most 
noted captains. Napoleon had his Old Guard which "dies 
but never surrenders." Caesar had his Tenth Legion, 
which never failed. Frederick had his Grenadiers, invinci- 
ble. Washington had only the rawest recruits, badly 
armed, poorly clad, and often without powder. Continual 
jealousies and dissensions among his officers. An obstinate, 
and at times, impotent Congress to vex him. With no 
means of communication, to have carried on this war from 
Canada to Florida, and after eight years to have ended it 
with complete and glorious victory, is an achievement 
which we may well doubt if Napoleon himself could have 

Think of it ! England was at the zenith of her power, 
ruling in India, holding Gibralter and thinking herself un- 
disputed mistress in the new world, France having retired 
in despair from the contest. The colonies were weak and 
widely separated. No money; no army; no credit. No rail- 
roads; no arms; no ammunition. Little of anything except 
determination, and even that at times forsook all save 
Washington. Then does it not seem arrogance and pre- 
sumption in these weak little colonies, to have defied the 
well disciplined and unconquered armies of the mother 

country ? 

Why did we not fail ? This is a question often asked and 
rarely answered. The man who reads history impartially 
cannot hesitate long. The answer lies in a single word, and 
that word is — Washington. 

Hear his bold and defiant answer when asked what he 


would do if the enemy drove him from Pennsylvania, and 
this when the future was very gloomy; hear his inspiring 
words : "I will retire to Augusta county, among the moun- 
tains of Virginia, and, if necessary, beyond the Alleghanies, 
but never yield." Never once, in the darkest of the many 
dark hours during those eight years of terrible struggle, did 
the heart of Washington fail him. There were times, e. g., 
the beginning of the year i/~6, when he literally stood alone. 
Doubt and despair had seized upon all, the last spark of 
hope seemed extinguished, and yet this dauntless spirit stood 
undismayed. It is impossible to over-estimate the effects 
upon our cause of this unshaken courage. Unhesitatingly, 
I say, that but for Washington, the Revolution would have 
failed, and the contest which gave not only to America, but 
to the world, the great principle of political equality, would 
have gone down in history, not applauded as a patriotic 
revolution, but stigmatized as an ungrateful rebellion. 

It is the fashion now-adays to underestimate Washing- 
ton as a military man. It is said he was too cautious, and 
too fond of retreat. Those who allege this, betray their 
io-orance. This verv caution, under the circumstances, 
proves more than anything else that he was a General equal 
to the occasion. He knew that pitched batties with the 
English veterans meant certain defeat, and he adopted the 
only mode of warfare which could have succeeded, viz.: that 
of worrying his foe continually, and fighting only when he 
had the advatage. 

Napoleon won his most famous battles by forcing his 
enemy to fight though unwilling; neither Clinton, Bur- 
Sfovne nor Cornwallis could ever coax or inveigle Wash- 
ington into battle unless he himself desired it. Thus, the 
very argument to belittle, stamps him as a genius. 

See him at Monongahela in the fiercest of the fight — two 
horses shot under him and four bullets through his coat. 
See him at Kipp's Bay, vainly striving to check his cowardly 
troops by rushing to the front. See him at Princeton, when 
seizing a standard he galloped between the lines. Read 
these heroic deeds and who dare say he lacked boldness or 
dash ? 


As a tactician and strategist he ranks high. The very- 
fact that the British could never make him fight speaks 
volumes in his praise, while Trenton and Yorktown are per- 
petual reminders that he could manoeuvre as well as fight 
Sir Henry Clinton thought him still before New York, 
when he was at Yorktown receiving the sword of Corn- 

Brave General Wayne, who executed the assault on Stony 
Point, has admitted that it was all the plan of Washington; 
and his reply, when asked if he would undertake this haz- 
ardous enterprise, is characteristic of the man. It shows 
not only the undaunted spirit of Wayne, but also his un- 
bounded confidence in his chief. He replied enthusiasti- 
cally : ' General, I will assault Hell, if you but plan it." This 
splendid attack gave "Mad Anthony" his fame. To judge 
of Washington as a General, we must take into considera- 
tion all the circumstances, means, conditions and difficulties 
which surrounded him, and when you do this, his military 
reputation is -afe. 

While on this branch of my subject, and speaking to a 
Carolina audience, the temptation is great to refer to Moul- 
trie and Marion and Sumter, our own gallant Generals; and 
it is hard to pass unnoticed Eutaw Springs, Camden, Ninety- 
Six, Cowpens and Kings Mountain. Equally hard is it to 
"hands off" from that Sherman of the Revolution, the cruel 
Tarlton, bu as Washington did command in person in the 
South, 1 must desist. 


"It was well said by John Milton, war has made many 
great whom peace makes small. But of Washington, we 
can say as Milton said to Cromwell, that while war made 
him great, peace made him greater." The war being over, 
and all he fought for accomplished, Washington sheathes 
his faithful sword and surrenders it to Congress, simply but 
grandly, the ex-calibur of a stainless knight. For a brief 
season he seeks the quiet of that rural home which he so 
much loved, but not for long. The infant Republic is not 
yet safe from even the perils of its birth, and his clear 
head and strong arm are needed once again. 


The convention is called to frame the constitution, and 
Washington is unanimously elected to preside over its de- 
liberations. He had much to do with the formation of that 
constitution which since its adoption has been the admira- 
tion of the world. This Federal League, for the purposes 
of a free people occupying an extended territory, is the most 
wonderful discovery in the whole range of political science. 
Its most importan.t feature was Washington's idea. In 1783, 
in his letter to all the governors of the States, he says : 
"There are four things which I humbly conceive are essen- 
tial to the well-being, I may venture to sav the existence, 
of the United States as an Independent Power. First — An 
Indissolvable Union of theStates under one Federal Head," 
etc., thus showing that the greatest underlying and over- 
lapping principle of that wonderful instrument, novel and 
all-important, viz. : Home-Rule of the States with a general 
Federal supervision and control, was advocated bv Washing, 
ton long before the Constitution was adopted. This alone, 
is sufficient to prove him great as a Statesman. 

He spoke but seldom in public, but his numerous letters 
and state papers are models of their kind. 

It is well for us that during the first eight vears of our 
national existence, when both Republic and Constitution 
were untried, and the world sneered at what they consid- 
ered a reckless speculation, that Washington was at the 
helm. But for his wise counsel, and his unceasing efforts 
to reconcile all differences during this season of awful pro- 
bation, England might have seen what she so much desired, 
an early and disastrous collapse of this republican experi- 
ment. It has been said that the pen is mightier than the 
sword, certain it is that Washington's pen was as quick as 
his sword to respond to his country's call, and performed 
its part equally as well. His writings were always clear, 
concise, and to the point. Grover Cleveland, the greatest 
President since Wasington, has given us many terse epi- 
grams which have become proverbial, but Washington 
rivals him in this. "Cherish public credit." "Observe good 
faith and justice to all nations, cultivate peace and harmony 
with all." "In proportion as the structure of a government 


gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public 
opinon should be enlightened." And lastly, "The Union, 
the Union in any event." These are axioms of political 
economy as true to-day as when he uttered them. 

When Arnold returned disappointed from the attack of 
Quebec, what was the generous greeting of Washington ? 
"No man can command success, but you have done more, 
you have deserved it." 


If Washington was great as a General; if he was greater 
in the councils of peace; he was greatest as a man. 

His character was exalted, and I feel most my feebleness 
when I attempt to delineate it. "Mark the perfect man and 
behold the upright, for the end of that man is peace." 

He was an earnest, unostentatious Christian. Listen to 
his words of faith, betraying at the same time the innate 
modesty of the man : 

"When I contemplate the interposition of Providence, as 
it was visibly manifest, in guiding us through the Revolution 
in preparing us for the reception of the general govern- 
ment, and in conciliating the good will of the people of 
America toward one another after its adoption, I feel myself 
oppressed and almost overwhelmed, by a sense of Divine 
munificence. I feel that nothing is due to my personal 
acrencv in all those wonderful and complicated events, ex- 
cept what can be attributed to an honest zeal for the good 
of my country." 

Again : "No people can be bound to acknowledge and 
adore an invincible hand which conducts the affairs of men 
more than the people of the United States. Every step by 
which we have advanced to the character of an independ- 
ent nation, seems to have been distinguished by some token 
of Providential agencv." 

Aoain : "Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to 
political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensi- 
ble supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute 
of patriotism who should labor to subvert these great pillars 
of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of 
men and citizens." 

Such words come straight from the heart of a srood man, 
and speak to us to-day, if anything-, more stronglv than one 
hundred years ago. 

Daniel Webster said, at the completion of the monument 
at Bunker Hill: "America has furnished to the world the 
character of Washington, and if our American institutions 
had done nothing else, that alone would have entitled them 
to the respect of mankind." 

All of Washington's greatness was built upon his sterling 
character. In every sense he was an honest man, he 
thought honestly, he spoke honestly, and he acted honestly. 

I would say his cardinal characteristics were, high princi- 
ples, unspotted integrity, down-right honesty, and under all 
circumstances, sound judgment and "saving common 

His patriotism was so pure that power had no allurements 
or temptations for him. His army wanted to make him a 
king, and he replied with such scornful indignation as to 
wither the scheme at its very inception. His jealous offi- 
cers reported him anonymously to Congress, and he begged 
that the charges be laid before that bodv, saying: "Why 
should I be exempt from censure, the unfailing lot of an 
elevated station? Merits and talents which I cannot pre- 
tend to rival, have ever been subject to it. My heart tells 
me that it has been my unremitted aim to do the best which 
circumstances would permit. Yet I may have been very 
often mistaken in my judgment of the means, and may in 
many instances deserve the imputation of error." Who has 
ever shown higher characterthan this? 

Washington's character would be more appreciated had 
it been more irregular. The public admire the individual 
more than the national character, and his was pre-eminently 
national. I mean by this that he lived for his country, and 
not for himself, always preferring the national good to per- 
sonal fame. Had he been simply a great General, or a great 
Statesman, or a great Orator, the public would know more 
of him; but his mind was so perfectly balanced, his charac- 
ter, on every side, so evenly developed, that like the tern- 


pies of old, their very perfection in proportion and symme- 
try, deceives the eye as 10 their magnitude. 

Webster, in speaking of the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts, which he loved so well, when praise and panegyric 
seemed to fail him, in simple eloquence, exclaimed : "There 
she stands;" so my friends, I feel in speaking of the char- 
acter of Washington. Such a sacred inheritance is not to 
be loaded with adjective and superlative. There it stands ! 
A priceless heirloom to every patriotic American, whose 
pleasure it should be to study its every detail, and whose 
duty it should be to imitate if be can. 

I am no idolatrous hero worshipper, and perfection is not 
of earth. Washington was mortal, and even he had his mo- 
ments of weakness. But I do say that he manifested as lit- 
tle of the old Adam as ever falls to the lot of man, especially 
when we remember the flatterers who must have surrounded 
him, and that great temptations proverbially beset the path- 
way of the great. 

At Monmouth, so justly exasperated was he at the cow- 
ardly conduct of Lee, that with flashing eye and burning 
cheek he braded him to his face and before his command, 
"A damned poltroon." I am glad to say that this Lee was 
not the forefather of our own noble Lee. 

Towards the close of his career as President, he was 
greatly harrassed by dissensions between the parries, 
anonymous letters and newspaper attacks, in which he was 
spoken of as the step-father of his country, embittered him 
temporarily, and he declared in a cabinet meeting in 1793, 
"that he had never repented but once the having slipped 
the moment of resigning his office, and that was every 
moment since." This dissatisfaction was confined, however, 
to a few politicians, who were as pestiferous then as now, 
and had he consented to run again his election wonld have 
been unanimous in 1796, as it had been in 1789 and in 1792. 

To sum up: In the war of the Revolution — the leader of 
our army; in framing the Constitution — the President of our 
Councils; in organizing the Government- -the Chief Magis- 
trate of the Republic. Who, before or since, has compassed 
the half ? ' 


Listen to the estimate of Washington by those best able 
to judge. 

John Adams said, in speaking of the various trials which 
beset Washington, and the violent passions and discordant 
interests at work against him : "It requires more serenity 
of temper, a deeper understanding, and more courage than 
fell to the lot of Marlborough, to ride in this whirlwind." 

Lord Erskine, in dedicating one of his works to Washing- 
ton, says : "You are the only being for whom I have an 
awful reverence." 

Charles James Fox apostrophized him, in the House of 
Commons, as follows : "Illustrious man, before whom all 
borrowed greatness sinks into insignificance." 

And from Lord Brougham we add this tribute: "Until 
time shall be no more, will a test of the progress which our 
race has made in wisdom and virtue, be derived from the 
veneration paid to the immortal name of Washington." 

Mr. Gladstone, the greatest living man today, except 
Grov'er Cleveland, who, but a few days since at the age 
of eightv-three, thrilled the world with his matchless elo- 
quence in behalf of down-trodden Ireland. What is his 
verdict? In conversation he has said that "Washington is 
the purest character in history," and he deliberately writes: 
"That if among all the pedestals supplied by history for 
public characters of extraordinary nobility and purity, I 
saw one higher than all the rest, and if I were required at a 
moment's notice to name the fittest occupant for it, my 
choice, at any time during the last forty-five years, would 
have lighted, as- it would now light, upon Washington." 
Greater praise hath no man than this. 

While the storm of the French Revolution was raging 
Gouverneur Morris wrote from Paris in 1793: "Happy, 
happv America ! Governed by reason, by law, by the man 
whom she loves, whom she almost adores. It is the pride 
of my life to consider chat man my friend, and I hope long 
to be honored with that title." 

Count Herzburg who, for thirty years presided over the 
ministry of foreign affairs under Frederick the Great, 


writes to Washington : "I have always admired your great 
virtues and qualities, your distinguished patriotism, your 
unshaken courage and simplicity of manners — qualifica- 
tions by which you surpass even the most noted of an- 
tiquity. ' 

Blunt old Benjamin Franklin, distinguished alike for his 
sincerity and hard common sense, leaves the following 
record in his last will and testament : "My fine crab-tree 
walking-stick, with a gold head curiously wrought in the 
form of the cap of liberty, I give to my friend and the 
friend of mankind, George Washington. If it were a sceptre 
he has merited it, and would adorn it." 

Thomas Tefferson, the analytical logician, who, as we 
know, was not very friendly to Washington, has left this 
judgment of him : "His integrity was most pure; his justice 
the most inflexible I have ever known: no motives of interest 
or consanguinity, of friendship or hatred, being able to 
bias his decision. He was indeed, in every sense of the 
words, a wise, a good and a great man." 

When Patrick Henry returned home from the first'Con- 
tinental Congress, he was asked who was the greatest man 
in that body, he replied : "If you speak of eloquence, Mr. 
Rutledge, of South Carolina, is the greatest orator; but if 
vou speak of solid information and sound judgment, Col- 
onel Washington, is by far the greatest man on that floor." 
When we remember that Patrick Henry spoke this before 
Washington had advanced to any national notoriety, we 
can but judge of his sincerity and truthfulness. 

Even Thomas Conway, prime mover of the traitorous 
cabal at Valley Forge, when he believed himself on his 
death bed, and "just able," as he said, to hold the pen for a 
few minutes,' 1 used them in writing to Washington of his 
"sincere grief for having done, written or said, anything 
disagreeable." And he added, as if to avow his thorough 
repentance and conversion : "You are in my eyes the great 
and good man. May you long enjoy the love, veneration 
and esteem of those Stares, whose liberties you have asserted 
bv your virtues." This, coming from the man suppose. to 
be his o-reatest enemy, is indeed the culminating tribute. 

2 5 

Byron, the greatest of poets, and the relentless enemy and 
exposure of sham and hypocrsiy —himself a martyr to his 
love of liberty on the shores of ill fated Greece — gave us 
these undying lines : 

•'Where may the wearied eve repose 

When gazing on the great. 
Where neither guilty glory glows. 

Nor despicable state ? 
Yes, ONE — the first, the last, the best, 
The Cincinnatus of the West. 
Whom envy dared not hate — 
Bequeath the name of ashington 
To make men blush there was but one." 

John Marshall, whose name is as inseparably linked to 
the Constitution in construing", as Washington's in the 
making of it, with that judicial precision and clear-cut terse- 
ness which characterizes his every utterance, has summed 
up the services of Washington in these words : "It was the 
peculiar lot of this distinguished man, at everv epoch when 
the destinies of his country seemed dependent on the meas- 
ure adopted, to be called by the united voice of his fellow- 
citizens to those high stations on which the success of 
those measures principally depended." 

Light Horse Harry Lee has epitomized into a single im- 
mortal sentence, the life and character of Washington : 
"First in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his 
countrymen." Well said ! And history bears testimony to 
its truth. 

Other testimonials could be added, but surely this is 
enough. What was it then, my friends, that called forth 
such spontaneous praise from such great men of all nations ? 
Was it magnetism ? No. If there was a defect, and defect 
it be called in Washington's composition, he was inclined 
to be cold and impassive. 

Was it pretension ? And did he get credit for what he 
had not ? No. That burning light which beats upon 
thrones, has for over one hundred vears, tested its gen- 

Was it chance or accident? Never. "No man," says 
Carlyle, "becomes a saint in his sleep." And there is no 


greater fallacy than that which often attributes success in 
great things to luck. 

Reputations are now and then wafted to a man, like 
thistle-down, for no better visible reason than that he 
happens to be out in the same wind with them. But in 
the long run the logic of cause and effect will vindicate it- 
self; and though we do sometimes, for a season, have 
imposters and charlatans, sham heroes and mock saints, the 
blessed fact remains, that the winds of time and contest do 
at last blow away all the chaff from the great grain floor of 
humanitv. Hemisphere does not cry aloud to Hemisphere 
about a hypocrite; nor do Nations rise up and praise the 

No, fellow countrymen ; no, Washington's fame is safe. 
Built upon the everlasting rock of merit, neither anxious 
criticism, searching analysis, nor the lapse of time prevail 
against it ; but more and more does it brighten with sue- 
ceeding ages, and more and more, as we study and imitate, 
do its glorious precepts shine forth in letters of living light. 

"All the ends he aimed at 
Were hi6 Country's, his God*s aud Truth's." 

The Encyclopaedia Britannica, one of the latest authori- 
ties upon any subject, sums up the character of Washing- 
ton in these words, which I believe is the judgment of man- 
kind : "Of all men that ever lived, he was the greatest of 
good men and the best of great men.'" 

Robert C. Winthrop, the cultured and scholarly orator, 
to whom I owe many of my quotations from the writings 
of Washington, and the opinions of great men, closed his 
magnificent oration on the completion of the Washington 
Monument, in these words: "The most elaborate and dur- 
able monuments may perish, but neither the forces of 
nature nor any fiendish crime of man can ever mar or 
mutilate a great example of public or private virtue. Our 
matchless Obelisk stands proudly before us to-day, and we 
hail it with the exultations of a united and glorious nation. 
It mav or may not be proof against the cavils of critics, but 
nothing of human construction is proof against the casual- 

American held up to your view and admiration. 

So. when other speakers more eloquent than I, appear 
before you year after year, let them always speak to vou of 
Washington. They could not ask a better theme, nor could 
you find one more profitable. It never ends, it never tires, 
but is like our most valued flowers, which bloom perenni- 
ally to gladden and to bless. 

Let us not fall behind the outside world in knowledge and 
appreciation of our Highest and Best. Washington's char- 
acter stands unparalleled on earth. Dwell upon it. Let us 
emulate and imitate as far as possible, his example and vir- 
tues, and be well assured that his fame will transmit his 
name to the remotest end of time, as Washington the 


Allen, W. L. 
Bostick, J. W. 
Bull, J. A. 
Bruns, J. F. 
Butler, C. P. 
Carter, R. 
Collins, H. P. 
Crookshanks, F. W. 
Cureton, A. L. 
Davenport, L. M. 
Davis, T. W., Jr. 
Deal, J. S. 

Fahnestock, T. V. L. 
Ferguson, _C. C. 
Gaston, C. E. 

Green, L. L. 
Hallman, W. L. 
Hammett, G. P. 
Leach, M. B. 
March banks, G. E. 
McDavid, I. 
McCullough, J. A. 
Mitchell, J. F. 
Nichols, F. E. 
Rigby, C. S., Jr. 
Rogers, J. C. 
Russell, J. M. 
Smith, C. A. 
Steel, J. A. 
Watson, W. N. 
Williman, W. H. 

2 9 


Adger, J. E., Jr. 
Anderson, A. W. 
Ballenger, R. M. 
Bates, E. F. 
Beattie, W. T£. 
Birnie, J. 
Blake, L. D. 
Bollin, E. M. 
Burgiss, W. W. 
Cagle, J. W. 
Capers, F. F. 
Cothran, T. P. 
Cureton, J. S. 
Earle, J. I. 
Earnhardt, W. C. 
Finlay, M. H. 
Fitzgerald, J. C. 
Gates, A. A. 
Goldsmith, Wm., Jr. 
Gower, A. G. 
Haynsworth, H. J. 
Hockaday, J. B. 
Hoyt, J. A. 
Lanneau, C. H. 
Lucas, E. R. 
Macbeth, Alex. 
Marshall, J. B. 

Maxwell, Jas. H. 
Maxwell, J. H., M. D. 
McAlister, C. 
McBee, L. M. 
McBee, A., Jr. 
McPherson, R. G., Jr. 
Miller, G. R. 
Orr, J. L. 
Orr, J. 
Owen, E. B. 
Parker, L. W. 
Rabb, C. W. 
Richardson, J. F. 
Sirine, J. E. 
Slattery, J. 
Slatiery, J., Jr. 
Smith, J. C. 
Smith, J. R. 
Turner, J. T. 
Walker, C. C. 
Watson, C. E. 
Whitmire, T. B. 
Whilden, W, G. 
Whitmire, B. T. 
Williams, A. B. 
Williams, J. T. 


Ex-Captain J. W. Norwood. 
Ex-Captain J. M. Patrick. 
W. C. McGowan. 
James Armstroug. 

m I 






^Ay 14th, 1895. 


Camp Moultrie," sons of confederate Veterans, 

JUNE, 1895. 


L^UAfCClA*Jt*l<ltf A 




Hampton Day" 

MAY 14th, 1895. 



Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co., Printers, 

Nos. 3 aud 5 Broad and 117 East Bay Streets. 



"Camp Moultrie/' Sons of Confederate Veterans 


"Daughters of the Confederacy" 

Of Charleston, S. C. 

Held at the Academy of Nltisic, 
May 14th, 1895. 


Ever since the formation of "Camp Moultrie," Sons of 
Confederate Veterans, it has been the great desire of this 
Camp to hold a joint meeting, in some public hall together 
with the Charleston Chapter of " The Daughters of the Con- 
federacy." which was organized a few months after " Camp 
Moultrie," and to invite some prominent Confederate hero to 
address the Joint Meeting. The object of this public meeting 
being to illustrate the purposes of the two organizations and 
by making a charge for admission, to raise the nucleus for a 
charitable fund for relieving needy Confederates and widows 
and children of those who gave their lives for the defence of 
their country. 

With this end in view " Camp Moultrie " sent a cordial in- 
vitation to the " Daughters of the Confederacv " to join them 
in a Public Joint Meeting, which invitation was read before 
the meeting of " The Daughters," held March 20th, 1895, and 
unanimously accepted. 

Upon the request of " Camp Moultrie " a Committee of 
three was appointed by "The Daughters" to meet a similar 
committee from "Camp Moultrie" to arrange for the Joint 
Meeting. The committee from " The Daughters *' consisted 
of Mrs. Langdon Cheves, Chairman, Mrs. Geo. D. Bryan and 
I*rs. B. F. Alston, while Messrs. Robert A*. Smyth, Chairman, 

4 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

Stephen R. Bell and. W. Turner Logan were appointed the 
committee from '' Camp Moultrie." 

A meeting of these two committees was held on April 11th, 
and by a unanimous vote, General Wade Hampton was selected 
to be the Orator of this occasion. 

For the arrangement of the business details Mr. Robert A. 
Smyth was elected the General Chairman of the Joint Com- 
mittees, and Messrs. Stephen R. Bell and W. Turner Logan 
and the General Chairman were appointed the Committee of 
Arrangements for the Joint Meeting. The Ladies were ap- 
pointed a Committee in charge of the decorating of the 
assembly hall. 

The following letter was signed by the Joint Committee 
and sent by special delivery to General Wade Hampton : 

The Daughters of the Confederacy, 
Moultrie, Sons of Confederate Veterans ! 
Charleston, South Carolina. 

Charleston, S. C, April 11th, 1895. 

General Wade Hampton, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir : — Our joint committees have the honor to address 
you, on behalf of the associations we represent and of the 
community at large, and feel that in appealing to you, we in- 
voke the aid of one who has never in peace or war, failed to 
champion the cause of right or weakness. 

Our associations have been recently formed, with the 
special object of arousing the dormant love and memory of 
of the Confederacy and its Heroes, in the hearts of those who 
have become too entirely absorbed by the '' cares of this world," 
and to awaken the interest, and inform the ignorance of a 
generation that is growing up, unconscious of the glorious 
past that it can boast. 

With this end in view we desire to open our infant careers 
with a prestige that shall arouse an enthusiasm now lament- 
ably wanting, and what can so effectually accomplish this, as 
the presence and voice of our own especial Confederate Hero, 
Wade Hampton, at our first joint meeting. 

An oration from you on this occasion, would be invaluable 
to us, and could you consistently, with your other engage- 

Introduction. 5 

nieiits, make us a Confederate address on any evening in May, 
from the 6th to the 15th, omitting the 10th and 11th, (when 
other objects might make a full attendance impossible) we 
should gratefully feel the success of our undertaking assured. 
As we desire you to be our only orator, we must respectfully 
beg for a positive answer and a fixed date. 

Earnestly hoping that you may accede to our desire, and 
give this one service more to the cause, whose faithful servant 
and minister you have ever been, and asking for an early 
reply, we have the honor to subscribe ourselves, 
.Respectfully yours, 

SOPHIA L. CHEVES, Chairman, 
Committee Daughters of the Confederacy. 

ROBERT A. SMYTH, Chairman, 

Committee " Camp Moultrie" 

Sons of Confederate Veterans. 

Please address your reply to Robert A. Smyth. General 
Chairman Joint Committee, Box 234, Charleston, S. C. 

It was the desire and intention of the Joint Committee that 
the fact of General Hampton's being invited to Charleston be 
kept a secret until his acceptance had been received, but a few 
days after the imitation was sent to him it became 
known in the city, and nearly every military command in the 
city tendered its services as an Escort of Honor to General 
Hampton, from the depot to his place of residence. 

On April 1 5th the following letter was received from Gen. 
Hampton, which made glad the hearts of the Committee, and 
when published, their joy was shared by the entire city of 
Charleston : 

department of the interior. | 

Office of Commissioner of Railroads. [ 

Washington, April 14, 1895. 

Mr. Robert A. Smyth, Gertl Chairman Joint Committee : 

My Dear Sir — The nattering invitation extended to me by 
the Daughters of the Confederacy and Sons of Confederate 

6 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

Veterans to address their organizations, has been received, 
and though I had expected never to speak in South Carolina 
again, the appeal made to me is in behalf of so noble and 
patriotic a cause, and from such a source, that I cannot refuse it. 

In my native city, and before such an audience as will at- 
tend your meeting, I can feel sure of a hearing, and it will 
give me pleasure to respond in person to your invitation. The 
14th or 15th of May would suit me, if agreeable to you, and 
I beg that you will let me know at what hour the address is be 

Thanking your Committee not only for their invitation, 
but for the kind terms in which it was given, I am, 

Very truly yours, 


After the publication of this acceptance, every military 
company in the city fell into line and joined the offer of an 
Escort of Honor. It was at first intended to hold this joint 
meeting in the Hibernian Hall, on Meeting street, but on 
account of the great interest taken in it by the general public 
it was deemed expedient to secure a larger hall, and the 
Academy of Music was hired. 

May 14th was selected as the most suitable day, and Gen. 
Hampton agreeing to that date, it was arranged to hold 
the Joint Meeting on Tuesday night, May 14th, 1895. 


MAY 14th, 1895. 

[The following account of General Hampton's arrival, and the 
Joint Meeting, is taken, in the main, from the News and Courier, of 
May 15 :] 

" There was no element of uncertainty in the welcome that 
Charleston extended to her distinguished and beloved son, 
Wade Hampton, yesterday. The demonstration was one of 
that peculiar kind that only Charleston can make when the 
city is in dead earnest. Even the weather was in keeping 
with the occasion. In the early morning the bright rays of 
the May sun glinted across the wavelets in the bay dancing 
merrily to the music of the wintry breeze that was wafted 
down from the icy North, and put a glow of health and happi- 
ness on the faces of the thousands of women and children, es- 
pecially children, who thronged the streets and waited pa- 
tiently for a sight of the man whose name is a household 
word in all the homes of this city. Flags fluttered to the 
wind from housetop and steeple. The militiamen stepped 
lively on the way to the rendezvous and the women and chil- 
dren dressed in brave attire pervaded every avenue and thor- 
oughfare that had been laid down as part of the route of the 

" There was music in the air. Five bands arrayed in all the 
panoply of war, music in the ring of St. Michael's chimes, 
their mellow tones rich in the memories of two hundred years, 
music in the whoops and cheers of the thousands of children, 
many of whom were to see the face of Hampton for the first 
time and all perhaps for the last. And above all there was a 
pathetic motive in the hearts of the few hundred Veterans 
who had followed Hampton on the battlefield and were about 
to see Hampton again perhaps for the last time on earth." 

" The air of Charleston was filled with music and the hearts 
of its people filled with gladness." 


The train bearing the General arrived at the depot on time 
at 6.08 o'clock on the morning of May 14th, and the General's 
car was switched off so as to preclude the necessity of causing 
him to rise so early, and also that of having the grand parade 

8 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

at an hour so inconvenient that many would have been unable 
to take part in it. Half-past eight was the hour fixed 
for the departure from the depot, but long before 
that hour large crowds had collected at the depot to catch a 
glimpse of the old hero. At that hour, too, every Veteran in 
the city was at the depot and many entered the car and paid 
their respects before the ceremonies began. 

Shortly after half-past eight the start was made, the Veterans 
of Camp Sumter and Palmetto Guard Camp, lining up on the 
depot facing the General's car, 

A moment later Commandant Virgil C. Dibble, of Camp 
Sumter, stepped from the rear platform of the car and said 
" Comrades, here is Gen. Hampton. You know how to re- 
ceive him." These words had scarcely left Mr. Dibble's lips 
when the old hero appeared on the platform and as he stepped 
to the ground the " Rebel Yell " pierced the skies once more. 

The General walked with Major Theodore G. Barker, his 
adjutant of thirty-four years ago, past the long line of Veterans 
and to his carriage, followed by the other prominent Confed- 
erates and the Committee, who were to ride in the car- 
riages. The troops, composing the Escort of Honor, were lined 
up facing the depot and extending over four blocks. 

As the General appeared at the door of the depot the troops 
presented arms, and the Sons of Confederate Veterans of Camp 
Moultrie, seventy strong, uncovered, while the cannon's roar 
and the cheers of the crowds rent the air. 

General Hampton being seated in his carriage, a beautiful 
Victoria drawn by a splendid pair of bays, the order was 
given to " break from the right in columns of fours" and the 
inarch began. As the troops passed the depot Gen. Hamp- 
ton rose in the carriage with his hat off until all had passed. 

From the moment the procession started, which was like a 
triumphal entry into a city, until the place of residence was 
reached, a route of almost two miles or more, the air was 
never still. Cheer after cheer was sent heavenward in honor 
of the old hero, the greatest son of Carolina. All along the 
streets the people were packed like sardines in a box and the 
cheering was almost deafening. When the corner of Hasell 
and Meeting Streets, at which stands the St. Charles Hotel, was 
reached, the cheering was so great that the very houses must 
have vibrated. Down Meeting street past the Charleston 
Hotel, and on past St. Michael's Church was like a triumphal 
march, every window being filled and the pavements packed. 
Around the Battery was a continuation of the ovation. When 
Mr. Rawlins Lowndes' residence was reached the troops lined 
up and presented arms as General Hampton's carriage and his 

The Arrival. 9 

personal escort went by and drew up at the door. Here Gen- 
eral Hampton alighted, and it was seen that he was so moved 
by the outburst of his people's love, that he was unable to 

The salute of the day was fired by a section of the German 
Artillery on Marion Square. The two guns were manned by 
veterans of the corps, all attired in citizens' clothes. The 
first gun of the salute was fired about 8.35 A. M., when a 
mounted officer of the Light Dragoons rode up and reported 
that the escort parade had started out. Thirteen guns were 
fired with the precision of the veterans who had handled the 
pieces at a time when there were cannon to the front of them 
and to the rear of them, and when the air was thick with a 
hail of lead and iron. Before the echoes of the last gun had 
died away in the distance the head of the column wheeled 
from John street into King street and the triumphal march 
was well under way. Around the square and in King street 
both the sidewalks were packed with people, a very large por- 
tion of them being school children. A very marked feature 
of the landscape was the City Orphans, about three hundred 
in number, who were advantageously lined up on the east 
sidewalk, just opposite, and to the left, of the position occu- 
pied by the firing detachment of the artillery. 

As the victoria containing Gen. Hampton and his war ad- 
jutant, Major Barker, came in sight, the artillery veterans, 
who had finished firing the salute and were drawn up in line, 
cannonneers to the front, started the ovation by giving 
"three cheers for Hampton," cheers given with a military 
precision which can only be attained by veterans. This was 
a signal for a general hurrah, the piping voices of the little 
children took it up, and the men and women along the side- 
walks fell in, and that cheer of welcome followed the hero of 
the Lost Cause along the route till it reached Broad street, 
when the musical chimes of historic St. Michael's, which 
means bo much to Charlestonians, joined in a peal of wel- 
come that made the welkin ring and that must have stirred 
the hearts of all true Carolinians. 

The Escort of Honor was composed of twenty military 
companies, two battalions of artillery, one battalion of cavalry, 
the Veteran.- of the two Camps U. C. V. in the city, number- 
ing over 100 men ; the members of Camp Moultrie ; Sons of 
Confederate Veterans not parading with their military com- 
panies, numbering 70 men, and followed by the carriage con- 
taining their Sponsor and her maids of Honor ; the Charleston 
Light Dragoons acting as personal escort, and four carriages 

10 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

tilled with prominent Confederates and the Committee. The 
longest line of march seen in Charleston for many years. 


was down Chapel street to John, down John to King, down 
King to Hasell, down Hasell to Meeting, down Meeting to 
the Battery, around the Battery and up East Bay to Mr. 
Lowndes' house. 

The troops composing the Escort of Honor were commanded 
by Lieut. John M. Jenkins, 9th U. S. Cavalry, and Com- 
mandant of the Cadets of the South Carolina Military 
Academy. He was assisted by Lieut. A. L. Bristol, Adjutant 
of the Washington Light Infantry Battalion. 

The order of their parade was as follows : 

Fourth Brigade Band. 

First Regiment, under Capt. E. M. Whaley. 

Battalion of Cadets, South Carolina Military Academy, 
composed of four companies. 

Battalion of Cadets, Porter Military Academy, composed of 
three companies. 

German Fusiliers Band. 

Second Regiment, under Major Alex. W. Marshall. 

German Fusiliers, Montgomery Guards, Irish Volunteers, 
battalion, under Capt. Henry Schachte. 

Sumter Guards, Carolina Rifles, Palmetto Guards, battalion, 
under Capt. T. T. Hyde. 

Clark's Band. 

Company A, Washington Light Infantry, Company B, Wash- 
ington Light Infantry, Moultrie Guards, battalion, under Capt, 
J. E. Cogswell. 

Lafayette Artillery, commanded by Capt. DuBos. 

Bavarian Band. 

German Artillery, composed/)!' two companies, commanded 
by Capt. F, W. Wagener. 

German Hussars, commanded by Capt. F. W. Jessen. 

First Regimental Band. 

Members of Camp Moultrie, Sons of Confederate Veterans, 
under 1st Lieut. Commander St. John P. Kinloch, assisted 
by 2nd Lieut. Commander John B. Adger, Jr., headed by the 
beautiful Confederate flag presented the Camp by its Sponsor, 
carried by Mr. Eugene N. Simons, the Color Sergeant. 

Carriage containing Miss Jane Haywood Johnson, the Spon- 
sor of Camp Moultrie, and her Maids of Honor, Misses Ethel 
Dawson, Mary Bryan and Elsie Thompson. 

The Arrival. 1 1 

Veterans of Camp Sumter, Palmetto Guard Camp and 
Visiting Veterans. 

Personal Escort, the Charleston Light Dragoons. 

First Carriage, containing Gen. Wade Hampton and Maj. 
Theo. G. Barker. 

In the carriages which followed Gen. Hampton, rode : 

Second carriage — Mr. Robert A. Smyth, General Chairman, 
and Commandant " Camp Moultrie ;" Mr. James G. Holmes, 
Deputy for " The Daughters ;" Major V. C. Dibble, Com- 
mandant Camp Sumter, and Major G. Lamb Buist, Com- 
mandant Palmetto Guard Camp. 

Third carriage — Mr. Stephen R. Bell, Committee of 
Arrangements ; Col. Zimmerman Davis, representing the 
Confederate Cavalry ; the Rev. John Johnson, D. D., Chaplain 
of the Meeting ; the Hon. John F. Ficken, Mayor of the city, 
and Capt. Geo. D. Bryan, representing the Confederate States 

Fourth carriage — Mr. W. Turner Logan, Committee of 
Arrangements ; Col. W. J. Green, of Fayetteville, N. C, who 
accompanied Gen. Hampton to Charleston ; Major T. A. 
Huguenin, Commander of Fort Sumter 1860 ; the Rev. A. 
Toomer Porter, D. D., Chaplain of Company A, Hampton 


The rest of the day after the parade was spent by General 
Hampton chiefly in receiving visitors. The day being pleasant, 
the General sat in the first story piazza of Mr. Lowndes' resi- 
dence. All day long flowers in baskets, in bunches, in trays 
and in waiters kept pouring in. The General read every card 
with the greatest interest, and preserved them all, seeming 
delighted not only with the attention, but also by the beauty 
of the blooms themselves. One of the most exquisite of these 
tributes was a beautiful wreath of laurel with the name of 
" Hampton" in the centre. 

Many of the houses and stores along the line of inarch had 
flags displayed, and the effect of the scene on the Battery was 
greatly heightened by the appearance of the schooner Luther 
M. Reynolds, which was dressed from stem to stern with the 
gayest of bunting. The commander of the Reynolds was in 
( inarleston when the tirst gun was tired, and is an enthusiastic 
admirer of Gen. Hampton. 

The light house schooner, Pharos, Capt. Anderson, was also 
beautifully dressed. 

i2 Echoes from Hampton Day. 


Academy of Music, 

Tuesday Night, May 14, 1895, 9 P. M. 

" The world loves a hero as it loves a lover, for he is the 
greatest of all lovers, the true and loyal spouse of his country. 
Once in a generation or so, and but a few times in the life- 
time of a nation, there appears upon the stage of existence a 
man, who stands boldly forth from the ranks of his fellows and 
wins for himself an individuality in his people's reverence. It 
may be in the hour of his country's glory, or of her disaster, 
that his fame is made, possibly in both, but once achieved, it 
becomes henceforth imperishable. Reverses and adversity 
may follow, yet through every vicissitude of fortune he is 
still the hero, in whom ebbs and flows and centres that 
patriotic fervor and national reverence in which, in times of 
peace,a people's love of country finds its utterance. It may 
slumber in tli3 ashes of a new condition of things, or it may 
smoulder in quiescence while other issues are tried and other 
causes proven, but a spark will set it aflame again, to burn 
with as lirece a heat as ever. It is a fire fed by a people's life- 
blood, and every heart-beat maintains it A national hero is a 
national heritage, and the reverence which is laid down with 
the ■ life of one generation is taken up with the birth of 
another, and the reverence of the country's idol is perpetuated 
through the ages." 

"This is something of what the spectators felt and saw 
while they witnessed the great demonstration in honor oi 
Wade Hampton which was made at the Academy of Music 
last night. The State's greatest chieftain and typical hero 
was present, and to do him reverence the gallantry and beauty 
bowed before him and then shouted their admiration until the 
walls of the old building shook, and rung again. It was a 
marvellous scene, a great event, an inspiring spectacle ; one 
not equalled in a quarter of a century and one which will 
never be forgotten." 

"The military demonstration of the morning had fired the 
hearts and imaginations of the people. The battles that 
Hampton had fought in peace and war had been lived over 
again in a thousand homes during the day. The Veterans 
heard once more the clangor of the war drum and the blow of 
the bugle, and the echo of the martial music which awoke to 
an ecstacy the patriotism of the people many years ago, was 
heard once more. Old men saw visions of a glory that once 

The Joint Meeting. 13 

was and that might have been, and young men dreamed 
dreams of deeds yet to come. Charleston had waited long 
and in silence for the coming of Hampton, and once in her 
presence her love, devotion and reverence for all that he is, 
all that he has represented, and all that lie does represent, 
burst the bands of conventionality and enveloped the city in 
an enthusiasm which was boundless." 

''This was not fully realized until the audience had assem- 
bled at the Academy of Music last night. The scene was one 
never to be forgotten. The old building was dressed as it 
has never been dressed before. From its roof-tree to its por- 
tals the Committee had decked it in gala-wise costume. 
Bunting, flags, streamers, cut flowers and palmetto branches 
covered the interior of the auditorium. Banners that had 
floated triumphantly over an hundred fields of glory adorned 
the stage, miniature emblems of the cause that was lost waved 
right gallantly from pillar and gallery, the national colors 
were not wanting, and beginning far up against the roof an 
hundred streamers fell in festoons above a sea of faces. Fac- 
ing the stage there was a veritable wall of humanity that 
seemed to spring from the footlights and rise to the very 
rafters. When the seats had been filled the people packed 
themselves into the rear aisles. The capacity of the house 
was taxed to its utmost." 

"The Committee of Ladies of whom Mrs. Geo. D. Bryan 
was Chairman, who decorated the building, had exercised 
exquisite taste coupled with tireless energy. Their work had 
besmn with the iron doors which command the entrance to the 
vestibule and it ended with the background of the stage. 
Nothing had escaped them. The walls of the first section of 
the entrance corridor was decorated with palmettoes, the 
second was clothed in a garb of banners. Two enormous 
State flags curtained the inner vestibule. About each of the 
galleries were looped red and white bunting caught about 
each pillar and pinned with a palmetto branch. Gathered in 
the middle of each pillar itself were three small Confederate 
flags. In the center of the first gallery and just above the 
middle aisle portraits of Davis, Lee and Jackson rested against 
a background of garland evergreens." 

''The stage was, of course, the center of attraction. The 
footlights were lost behind a bank of cut flowers, red and 
white roses, bedded in green leaves, and falling from which 
were graceful festoons of ribbon grass. The boxes were deco- 
rated with palmettoes. Rising from either side of the stage, 
climbing about the scenery and reaching the center of the 
half-furled curtain, and then falling in loops and garlands. 

14 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

were wreaths of red and white roses. Suspended immediately 
over the speaker's stand was a crown of laurel leaves. At 
either side of the stage were stands of colors, among which 
appeared conspicuously the battle flags of Charleston's famous 
military organizations. At the rear of the stage and drooped 
above the door through which Hampton was to enter was a 
large State and Confederate flag. The house presented a 
beautiful appearance.'' 

"The doors were not opened until 8.30, but long before 
that time the corridor was tilled with an expectant crowd of 
people. When the barriers were once ,removed they poured 
into the house in a continuous stream, which quickly filled it. 
The audience represented all Charleston. Fair women, gowned 
after the latest mode, brushed elbows with the old veterans. 
Young and old, men, women, youth and maidens, struggled 
and flocked forward, intent upon the united purpose of doing 
honor and reverence to the man whose history is the State's 
pride and glory." 

The gentlemen who were to occupy the stage were 
gathering behind the scenes in the meantime. When the 
hour for opening the meeting had arrived they were placed as 
follows : 


On the first row on the stage sat the following gentlemen ; 
to the right of the aisle, Major Theodore G. Barker, presid- 
ing over the meeting. On his right Gen. Wade Hampton ; 
the Rev. John Johnson, D. D., Chaplain of the meeting ; 
Major T. A. Huguenin, Commander of Fort Sumter ; Gen. 
Samuel McGowan and Col. Edward McCrady, representing 
the Confederate Infantry ; to the left of the aisle sat Mr. 
Robert A. Smyth, the General Chairman of the Joint Meet- 
ing, and Commandant of Camp Moultrie ; Mr. James G. 
Holmes, Deputy for ''The Daughters'' ; Major V. C. Dibble, 
Commandant Camp Sumter No. 250 U. C. V. ; Col. Zimmer- 
man Davis, representing the Confederate Cavalry ; Capt. 
James Simons, representing the Artillery of Hampton's 
Legion ; Col. C. I. Walker, Chairman Committee for organ- 
izing Camp Moultrie. 

On the next row were seated Capt. G. D. Bryan, representing 
the Confederate Navy ; Capt. Rawlins Lowndes, personal aide 
on Gen. Hampton's staff; the Hon. John F. Ficken, Mayor ; 
the Rev. A. Toomer Porter, D. D., Chaplain of Company A, 
Hampton Legion ; the Rev. W. T. Thompson, D. D., Chap- 
lain Camp Sumter, U. C. V. ; Mr. A. T. Smythe, the repre- 

The Joint Meeting. 15 

sentative of "The Daughters" ; the Hon. Charles H. Simon- 
ton and the Hon. W. H. Brawley ; Capt. Charles Inglesby 
and Major Hall T. McGee, members of the committee for the 
organization of Camp Moultrie ; Major George Lamb Buist, 
Commandant of Palmetto Guard Camp ; Dr. F. L. Parker, 
representing the Confederate Surgeons ; Col. Asbury Coward, 
representing the State Military Schools ; Mr. John S. Fairly, 
of Gen. Whiting's staff and Mr. J. C. Hemphill, Editor "Xews 
& Courier." 

On the third and fourth rows sat the representatives of the 
Escort of Honor, as follows: Lieut. John M. Jenkins, U. S. A. 
Commander of Parade ; Lieut. A. L. Bristol, Adjutant of 
Parade ; W. S. Allan, Captain Carolina Rifles ; T. S. Sinkler, 
Captain Charleston Light Dragoons ; Henry Schachte, Cap- 
tain German Fusiliers; F. W. Jessen, Captain German Hus- 
sars; Major Alex. W. Marshall, W. L. I. Battalion ; F. W. 
Wagener, Captain German Artillery ; Captain E. M. Whaley, 
Commandant of Cadets Porter Military Academy; T. T. 
Hyde, Captain Sumter Guards ; Julius E. Cogswell, Captain 
Company A. W. L. I. Battalion ; W. M. Muckenfnss, 
Captain Company B, W. L. I. Battalion ; R. S. Cathcart, Cap- 
tain Montgomery Guards; David Macmillan, Captain Palmetto 
Guard ; James F. O'Gara, Captain Irish Volunteers ; J. M. 
Ward, Captain Moultrie Guards ; Chas. L. DuBos, Captain 
Lafayette Artillery ; Mr. Stephen R. Bell and Mr. W. Turner 
Logan, of the Committee of Arrangements for the Joint 

Standing to the rear of these two sections on the right and 
left of the broad aisle leading down the center of the stage, 
were a detachment of the Charleston Light Dragoons, who 
had occupied the coveted position of personal escort to Genl. 
Hampton in the parade and had that night escorted his car- 
riage to the Academy from his residence. 

The other gentlemen had taken their seats. There was a 
brief pause and at a signal from the General Chairman the 
band burst forth into that most appropriate air "Hail to the 
Chief," and Gen. Hampton leaning on the arm of Major Barker, 
and followed by the Rev. John Johnson, D. D., with Mr. 
Rawlins Lowndes, Genl. Hampton's Personal aide, came from 
beneath the State and Confederate flags draped above the 
door at the rear of the stage, and walked down the aisle to 
their seats. At their appearance the applause started with a 
hand-clap, and in an instant rose to a shout. As one man the ' 
audience rose to their feet. Men waved their hats, gloves and 
canes above their heads and cheered, ladies waved their hand- 
kerchiefs and cried aloud in the excitement of the applause ; 

16 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

and standing thus and shouting its love and esteem for the old 
hero the house remained. He had scarcely been seated ere 
the excitement burst forth again. 

The boxes were filled with ladies. In the proscenium box 
sat the Sponsor of Camp Moultrie, Miss Jane Haywood John- 
son with her maids of honor, Misses Mary Bryan, Elsie 
Thompson and Ethel Dawson ; also 1st and 2nd Lieut. Com- 
manders St. John P. Kinloch and John B. Adger, Jr., and 
Color Sergeant E. N. Simons of Camp Moultrie. On the 
right of the aisle, directly in front of the stage, sat the Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy ; to the left of the aisle sat the Sons 
of Confederate Veterans of Camp Moultrie, and directly be- 
hind these organizations sat the Veterans of the U. C. V. 
Camps of the City, forming as it were, a background for the 
younger organizations. From the boxes to the highest gallery 
the applause rose in one long continued cry of approval. 
When the enthusiasm of the audience had vented itself, 
momentarily, Major Barker rose and said the meeting would 
be opened with prayer by the Rev. Dr. John Johnson. 


O ! God, whose name is excellent in all the earth, and Thy 
glory above the heavens, we humbly invoke Thy blessing on 
this assembly. Help us now to worship Thee in spirit and in 
truth : to seek first in these proceedings, as in all things, the 
honor of Thy holy name : confessing that we have not loved 
Thee, served Thee nor obeyed Thee as we ought to have 
done : lifting up our hearts and giving thanks to Thee our 
faithful Creator and most merciful Saviour. 

Though we should recall this evening the years when Thou 
didst raise us up and cast us down, when Thou didst rebuke 
us as a people and chasten us with Thy Fatherly hand, may 
we never unlearn the uses of adversity ! May we never 
doubt the love that restrains us as well as bestows, that with- 
holds in order to bless, that beams and glows within the veil, 
that shines and warms behind the clouds which hide the Mercy 
Seat ! 

Though once we felt that all things were against us, suffer 
us not to lose our faith in Thee nor place it anywhere but in 
Thee. Though now our thoughts be solemnized in memory's 
sacred chamber of the mind, leave us not, we beseech Thee, 
without hope, to animate the Soul and stimulate our labors 
for the brighter day ! 

The Joint Meeting. 17 

AVhile we look back over scenes of pain and sorrow, be- 
reavement and desolation, do Thou, Lord, spare ns, weak 
creatures in our retrospect ! Be not extreme to mark 
what is done amiss, but pour into our hearts that most excel- 
lent gift of Charity, the very bond of peace and of all virtue. 
So, with love to Thee and love to one another, we shall com- 
fort the feeble-minded, support the weak, be patient toward 
all men. So, we shall strive to heal up the scars of war and to 
seek the peace of the land wherein we dwell. 

Grant us, Lord, Thy special guidance in the affairs of our 
own dear State at this time of her great perplexity. Grant 
that we may both perceive and know what things we ought to 
do, and may have grace and power faithfully to perform the 
same. So shall we serve Thee with a glad mind, and in 
abounding peace, giving Thee thanks forever ; and we shall 
always be showing forth Thy praise from one generation to 
another, through Jesus Christ, our only Saviour and Redeemer, 
to whom with Thee, Father, and Thee, O Holy Ghost, ever 
one God, be glorv in the Church throughout all ages, world 
without end. Amen. 

Major Barker then rose to introduce General Hampton. 
Frequently his address was interrupted with loud and long con- 
tinued applause, and when he referred to General Hampton 
as ,4 the stone which the political builders of 1S90 refused, 
&c.," the entire audience rose and burst into one shout of 
applause, which lasted for many minutes. 


Ladies and Gentlemen : Three decades have come and 
gone since the conquered banner of the Southern Confederacy 
was sadly furled at Appomattox, and Lee and Johnston's 
glorious legions were paroled and dispersed to their im- 
poverished homes. Thirty years of endurance and struggle 
against poverty and political starvation have been encountered 
by the survivors of that heroic drama, but the blighting breath 
of oblivion has not dimmed the memories of those who lived 
in those eventful days, nor weakened the faith of Southern 
women in the religious duty of teaching to Southern youth 
the truth of that grand story of the life and death of the 
Southern Confederacy. Indeed, the farther we are removed 
by the march of years from the days of the great war for 
Southern Independence, the more thoroughly the burning 

18 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

issues of those days have become dead issues of the past, aud 
the more absolutely our new conditions accepted, the more 
intense and vivid seems to grow the interest, and the more 
tender the reverence for that sacred past, which was illumined 
by the splendid valor and heroic sufferings of our dead 
soldiers and the patriotic devotion of the women of the South. 

Born of this enduring reverence and holy inspiration, the 
two Associations who join hands in this celebration, the 
il Daughters of the Confederacy," and the " Sons of Con- 
federate Veterans" — the purpose of whose being is to aid the 
helpless survivors, to preserve the records, to tight the battle 
of Truth in History, and to keep green the memory of those 
who served the South, and who did their duty in her days of 
trial, have graced this their inaugural ceremonial by calling 
from his official labors in Washington City, one truly well 
known to you all — the stone which the political builders of 
1890 refused, but who remains, and will ever remain, the 
headstone of the corner in the temple of a grateful people's 

His presence here to-night is at once a benediction and an 
inspiration. Loyalty to and love for Wade Hampton is no 
longer an idolatry. It survives as the uncalculating and un- 
selfish outpouring of gratitude from the men and women of 
Carolina, who will not let the memory of good deeds die, who 
are true to their own highest ideals, and who deem ingratitude 
a base sin ! 

(Turning to Gen. Hampton : ) Thus ever to you, honored 
sir, the loyal heart of Carolina speaks : 

" The mother may forget her child, 
She fondled at her knee, 
But I'll remember thee, Glencairn, 
And all thou hast done for me ."•' 


As Major Barker sat down the shouting began in earnest. 

"Col. Zimmerman Davis rose from his seat with the evident 
intention of proposing three cheers for the old hero, but the 
audience anticipated him, for they rose with one impulse, and 
gave them with a resounding yell that might have been a 
battle cry. Gen. Hampton had been seated in a large arm 
chair, slightlv to the right of the centre of the stage. During 
these demonstrations, and during Major Barker's address, he 
had sat with his head supported by his hand, and evidently 
much affected by the ovation awarded him.'' 

General Hampton's Address. 19 

" He rose, and came slowly forward to the speaker's stand, 
where lie began his address in a voice which gave evidence of 
his profound feelings. At first he stood erect, but as he spoke 
on he came to lean npon the desk. His voice rapidly gathered 
strength, ringing ont clear and strong to the farthest corner of 
the house. The audience could find no adequate expression 
of the enthusiasm which it felt. Every paragraph of the 
speech was punctuated with applause." 

" Gen Hampton's reference to himself was the occasion for 
another wild demonstration, and at frequent intervals while 
he spoke the audience shouted aloud its approbation. Such a 
scene has probably never before been witnessed in the Academy 
of Music, and a greater tribute has never been paid to any 



When the flattering invitation from the " Daughters of the 
Confederacy " and the " Sons of Confederate Veterans," 
reached me, it came to me as the bugle call to arms during 
the war, for the objects contemplated by these patriotic organ- 
izations gave me hope that there was " life in the old land yet." 

I had feared that in the hard battle of life which adverse 
fate had forced upon our people, and which made the daily 
struggle for the means of livelihood the pressing and absorb- 
ing duty of all, that the younger generation, who will soon 
take our places here, had grown indifferent to the glorious 
traditions and memories of the past, and that even the sons of 
veterans were becoming forgetful of the undying fame won 
for our State by their fathers. But the action of your socie- 
ties has dispelled that fear and inspired the confident hope 
that our State will take once again and keep forever the proud 
place she held of yore in the sisterhood of States. 

Thus in response to the call on me by your noble organiza- 
tions I have come to bid you God-speed in your noble work, 
and to pray with all the fervor of a patriotic heart that God 
may prosper and bless your efforts, crowning them with the 
success they so richly deserve. ISTo cause championed by the 
women of South Carolina can fail — those noble, devoted wo- 
men, always "faithful among the faithless,'' the real martyrs 
of the war and the greatest sufferers, they who for four years 
of mortal agony felt that all they had held most precious was 
at stake, all whom thev loved better than themselves were 
periling life and all that made life sweet, in defence of the 
State, who never faltered, who never despaired, and who, when 
the end came, worked with a devotion never surpassed, t<> re- 
deem and save our State. To them, more than to any other 

20 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

class, was due the redemption of the State in 1876, and if mortal 
hands can save it now, theirs can. Aided as they will be by 
the Sons of Veterans, dead and living, and by other societies 
of similar character, how can they fail in so noble a cause ? 

If I comprehend aright the objects -of your association, 
they are to rekindle the latent lires of patriotism among our 
people, to strive to bring them once again together in peace 
and brotherhood, all striving, as in days gone by, to uphold 
the honor and promote the welfare of the State, and to instill 
in the minds of the rising generation a love of country and a 
reverence for the memory of those who made South Carolina 
illustrious in the past. 

To younger hands than those of the remaining veterans 
the destiny of the State must soon be committed, for our 
ranks are day by day " mowed down by the reaper whose 
name is Death," and in a few brief years we must all join 
the great army of our dead comrades who have passed over 
the river and are at rest. 

Those who fell in defence of our State need no prouder 
epitaph than that given by the Spartans at Thermopylae : 

"Go, stranger, at Lacedpemon tell, 
'T was in obedience to her laws we fell." 

And the living only ask that their fellow-citizens will do them 
the justice to say that they did their duty to their State 
faithfully, as they saw it. That verdict is the only compensa- 
tion they seek for their services. It will be the task of your 
organizations and kindred ones, which I trust will be estab- 
lished throughout your State, to preserve the honor and to 
preserve from detraction the memory of those who sacrificed 
everything in the service of the State, and that their task will 
be nobly discharged none can doubt, knowing the patriotic 
hands to which this sacred duty is committed. 

You will encounter many grave difficulties in the prosecu- 
tion of your work, but be not discouraged, for it is well wor- 
thy of your labors and your prayers. You will perhaps be 
told that the " Old South "—that South in which we all 
took such just pride — is dead, and that the New South, the 
cardinal principle of which seems to be that the highest ambi- 
tion of many of its advocates is the accumulation of riches — 
should take the place of the Old in onr affections. Others 
may say to you that the cause for which so many of our brave 
sons gave their lives was submitted to the stern arbitrament 
of the sword, and as the verdict, against which no appeal lies, 
was rendered against us, the. cause for which we fought must 

General Hampton 's Address. 2i 

necessarily have b3en wrong. Do not allow yourselves, my 
friends, to be misled by that false doctrine, false to your 
faith, to your State and to your God, which tells you that 
because of the failure of our cause there was no truth 
or justice in it. Any human undertaking, however just it 
may be, may fail, but the everlasting principle of right and 
justice can never be blotted out. A great truth, like the 
God-head whence it emanates, is eternal, and it will live " till 
the last syllable of recorded time.'' If we admit that as our 
cause went down in disaster we were only rebels, we shall 
brand our heroic dead as well as the living as traitors, cover- 
ing all alike with deserved infamy. Will the living soldiers 
who followed the Starry Cross on hundreds of battlefields 
ever consent to denounce their dead comrades as traitors ? 
Will the sons of those veterans ever forget the sufferings, the 
sacrifices, the heroism of their fathers ? Will the women of 
the South, who for a quarter of a century have tenderly and 
reverently cherished the memory of our dead, ever be wil- 
ling to brand them as " rebels ?" Ah! no; these things can 
never be as long as truth, patriotism, honor, virtue and their 
Bynonym, courage, are respected ; as long as the fame of '' the 
men in grey," goes sounding down the ages, as long as the page 
of history is made illustrious by the names of Lee, of Johnston 
and of Jackson. Let me not be misunderstood as speaking to 
re-awaken sectional animosity, now happily dving out, 7ior of 
counseling one act of disloyalty to the restored Union. I rec- 
ognize, as every true Confederate soldier does, the supremacy 
of the Constitution, the integrity of the Union, and the ob- 
ligations we assumed when our arms were laid down. We of 
the South are now an integral part of the great Republic. 
Its flag waves unchallenged from the rock-ribbed coast of 
Maine to the Golden Gate of far off Alaska, from the snow- 
capped mountains of the North to the orange groves of 
Florida, and it is the duty of every patriot to make that 
country the fit abode for freemen for all time to come. 

But I appeal earnestly and reverently for justice to my 
Confederate comrades, dead and living. Thev discharged 
their duty bravely and nobly, and God alone can judge 
whether they were right or wrong. We are certainly not 
called on to admit that we were in the wrong, and every 
brave man who met us in battle would justly despise us were 
we to do so. The failure of the cause does not necessarily 
prove that it was an unjust one, nor can the denial of a 
truth establish a falsehood. When the torture wrung a re- 
cantation from Galileo, did the earth cease to revolve on its 
axis ? Did the river which swept the ashes of Huss to the 

22 Echoes from Hampton Bay. 

sea bury in its waves forever the truths he had proclaimed ? 
When our Divine Master perished on the cross did the doc- 
trines for which He died die with Him ? 

While we recognize all the obligations imposed on us by 
the results of the war we certainly are not called on to adjure 
the settled convictions of a life time, to forget all the honor- 
able, glorious memories and traditions of the past, and to 
cover ourselves with shame by defaming the memory of our 
patriotic dead. 

Though we have lost much, we can at least maintain our 
self-respect and preserve our honor so that we can bequeath 
to our children a fair name and unblemished honoi*. While 
accepting all the legitimate consequences of our defeat we 
claim the right to justify ourselves, to vindicate our motives 
and to honor our dead. 

By no other means can we preserve our self-respect or gain 
that of mankind. By no other means can we escape the doom 
which awaits the people who sacrifice principle for subservient 
expediency ; who abandon their ancient virtues to adopt the 
vices of their conquerors, who are willing to barter freedom 
for gilded servitude. To the State that sells her birthright no 
day of redemption can ever dawn. 

***** «sh. e S h a i] be bought 

And sold, and be an appanage to those 

Who shall despise her. She shall stoop to be 

A province for an Empire. Petty town. 

In lieu of capital — with slaves for senates, 

Beggars for nobles, panders for a people ; 

Her sons are in the lowest scale of being, 

Slaves turned over to the vanquished by the victors, 

Despised by cowards for their greater cowardice." 

• It is our duty alike to those who died for us and for those 
who are to take our places in the future that we should strive 
by every means in our power to justify ourselves. Will history 
vindicate us if we condemn ourselves? But if we cling stead- 
fastly to the faith taught us by our forefathers, if we prove 
worthy of that faith we shall not have fought in vain, for 
though we can no longer defend our cause with our sword, we 
can justify it before the great tribunal of histoiy, and posterity 
will do us the justice now denied to us. I adjure you, then, 
by all the glorious memories of the past, by all the hopes of 
the future, to dedicate yourselves to the service of your State ; 
to use every effort to reunite our people once again in the 
bonds of brotherhood and to bring white-winged peace 
to dwell amongst us forever. Be steadfast in the right, 
'' stand fast." " To stand or fall, free in thine own arbitrament 
it lies." 

General Hampton's Address. 23 

In the annals of the Saracens a story is told of the heroic 
conduct of the mother of one of the caliphs who was besieged 
in Mecca. " When he perceived himself forsaken on all 
sides," said the historian, "he went to his mother and said to 
her, ' Oh ! mother, the people and even my own children 
have deserted me. My enemies are ready to give me, if I 
will submit, whatever I can desire in this world. What do 
you advise me to do?' ' Son,' said she, ' judge for yourself. 
If, as you pretend to be, you know you are right, persevere, 
for your friends have died for the sake of it. But if thou 
choosest the present world — alas ! bad servant — thou hast de- 
stroyed thyself and those who were killed for thee. And if 
thou sayest, ' I stood to the truth, but when my friends declined 
I was weakened,' this is neither the part of an ingenious or a 
religious man. And how long can you continue in the world \ 
Death is preferable.' He took the advice of his mother, and, 
leaving off his armor so as to meet death the more surely, he 
sallied forth and gave his life for the cause he believed to be 

Centuries have rolled by since the brave words uttered by 
that noble woman were spoken, but they are as true and as 
applicable as they were a thousand years ago. " Judge for 

" If, as you pretend to be, you know that you are in the 
right, persevere in it, for your friends have died for the 
sake of it." Sublime sentiments clothed in noble words, 
inculcating a lesson to the women of the South for all gener- 
ations to come. Let them teach their children that their pa- 
triotic fathers fought for their fatherland ; that they were in- 
spired by as patriotic motives as ever fired the hearts or 
nerved the arms of freemen ; and though our cause has gone 
down in disaster, in ruin, in blood, not one stain of dishonor 
rests upon it. 

If I speak warmly on this subject bear in mind that it is 
one near my heart, for I speak in behalf of my dead com- 
rades ; I speak not for the victors, but for the vanquished ; 
not for those who wear the laurel, but for those whose em- 
blem is our mournful cypress — : 

'I sing the hymn of the conquered, who fell in the battle of life, 
The hymn of the wounded, the beaten, who died overwhelmed in 

the strife ; 
Not the jubilant song of the victors, for whom the resounding ac- 
Of nations was lifted in chorus, whose brows wore the chaplet of 

24 Echoes Jrom Hampton Day. 

But the hymn of the low and the humble, the weary, the broken in 

Who strove, and who failed, acting bravely, a silent and desperate 

part ; 
Whose youth bore no flowers on its branches, whose hopes burned in 

ashes away, 
From whose hands slipped the prize they had grasped at, who stood 

at the dying of day, 
With the wreck of their lives all around, unpitied, unheeded, alone, 
With death swooping down o'er their failure, all but their faith over- 
While the voice of the world shouts its chorus — its paean— for those 

who have won — 
While the trumpet is sounding triumphant, and high to the breeze 

and the sun. 
Glad banners are waving, hands clapping and hurrying feet, 
Thronging after the laurel-crowned victors, I stand on the field of 

defeat — 
In the shadow with those who are fallen and wounded and dying-and 

Chant a requiem low, place my hand on their pain-knitted brows, 

breathe a prayer, 
Hold the hand that is helpless and whisper : 
'They only the victory win 
Who have fought the good fight, 
Who have held their faith, unseduced by the prize that the world 

holds on high, 
Who have dared for a high cause to suffer, resist, fight — if need be 

to die.' 

Speak, history ! who are life's victors? Unroll your annals and say: 
Are they those whom the world called the victors— who won the 

success of a day ! 
The martyrs or Nero? The Spartans who fell at Thermopolse's 

Or the Persians and Xerxes, His judges or Socrates? Pilate or 

I speak for my comrades 
"Who have held to their faith, unseduced by the prize that the 

world holds on high, 
Who have dared for a high cause to suffer, resist, fight — if need be 

to die" 

I speak for brave men all over the South who held to their 
faith unseduced, and for those who proved their faith by giv- 
ing their lives in defence of it. 

It is difficult, if not impossible, for a civilian to compre- 
hend how strong are the ties which, like hooks of steel, bind 
together men who have stood shoulder to shoulder amid the 
storm of battle. These ties are indissoluble, and a soldier 
finds in every true comrade a friend wherever they meet and 
whatever time may have elapsed since they met. Political 
differences may seem to have weakened temporarily the bond 
of comradeship, but the grasp of the hand and the touch of the 
elbow will awaken the memory of the past, and all differences 

Genwal Hampton's Address. 25 

are forgotten, all faults on either side forgiven. These feelings 
s\vav all true soldiers when they meet together, for all feel 
that " hlood is thicker than water. 1 ' This is as it should be, 
for men who were once brothers in arms should at least bo 
friends in peace. Such have always been my feelings, and in 
every soldier who was true during the war and has been true 
since I recognize a worthy comrade, but I have oidy scorn for 
the deserters or renegades. 

It was my fortune to command during the war men from 
nearly every Southern State, and wherever the survivors may 
be scattered, if my voice could reach them, they should know 
how proud I have ever been of their gallant deeds, and they 
might rest assured that they never will be forgotten, and that 
the memory of our dead comrades is cherished by me with 
affection and reverence. In this connection let me say that 
the soldiers whom this citv gave to mv command never turned 
their backs on me when the Palmetto flag was waving in the 
forefront of battle, and the brave sons of Charleston were 
fighting and dying for the State we all loved so well. As I 
looked over the long line of gallant volunteers who did me 
the honor to escort me to-day many sad but proud memories 
thronged through my heart. How could it have been 
otherwise when that glittering and martial array of Charles- 
ton's soldiery, young and brave men, as willing to die in de- 
fence of their State as were their fathers, marched proudly 
through these battle-scarred streets. 

And when the glorious flag which floated in victory over 
the fields of Cowpens and Eutaw, which was borne in pride 
during the late war by the Washington Light Infantry, and 
which for more than a century has "braved the battle and the 
breeze" — with not one stain of dishonor to mar its folds — 
met my sight, my thoughts carried me back to the days when 
that gallant company contributed so greatly to the glory of the 
Hampton Legion. In the ranks to-day I saw also other names 
familiar and dear to me, for their were the German Artillery, 
who were as stanch as were their sires in their Fatherland, 
and my gallant comrades of the 4th cav alary. These were 
the men who were willing to fight and die for their faith, and 
recognizing to-day the names of these old commands in whom 
I aways placed implicit confidence, and which never be- 
trayed that confidence, do you wonder that I am proud that I, 
too, am a son of Charleston ? Other emotions of pride con- 
nected with the State have stirred my heart. I have felt 
pride on many a battlefield when Southern arms were vic- 
torious, but the proudest day <>!' my life was that on which I 
announced to our people, on my return from Washington, 

26 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

that the Federal troops would be withdrawn from the State 
House, and that Carolinians, the rightful rulers of the State, 
would resume their hereditary authority, so long denied them. 
I felt then — 

" That all my State is free ; 
From East to West, from North to South, 
She garrisons herself, and tyrants rule no more !" 

I hare a right to feel some pride in the result of that mem- 
orable political contest of '76 — in my judgment the most 
memorable ever waged on this continent, for home rule, for 
personal liberty and States' rights, for it was my good fortune 
to bear the standard placed by our people in my hands to vic- 
tory, and whatever Fate may have in store for me, nothing 
can ever deprive me of the honest pride I feel that I con- 
tributed, in part, to the glorious victory won then by the peo- 
ple of my State. 

Would to God they were as united now as then ! Every 
patriot must re-echo that wish, and everyone should strive to 
bring about this happy result, for ''a house divided against 
itself cannot stand". I can only hope and pray that brighter 
and happier days may yet bless our State. 

Daughters of the Confederacy and Sons of Veterans, the 
grateful duty imposed on me by your kindness is discharged, 
all inadequately I feel, but believe me it has been done with a 
heart in full sympathy with your cause and with a high ap- 
preciation of the honor you conferred on me by making me 
your advocate. 

There is, too, another feeling which has moved me beyond 
the power of expression, and that is one of gratitude for the 
kind greeting given to me, not only here, but on every side, 
by the people of Charleston. My eyes tirst saw the light in 
this historic city ; my earliest memories and associations are 
connected with it ; my earliest friendships were formed here — 
friendships which in many cases are still dear to me — and 
here I have found friends who have never turned their backs 
on me. It is not strange, then, that I love this old city and 
her people, and it seems tit that this, the last occasion on which 
I shall in all probability ever address my fellow citizens of 
South Carolina, in public, should be here. JMy life work for 
Carolina is finished, and whatever judgment shall be passed 
on it, no son of her's ever served her with more willing hands, 
a more loyal and devoted heart, than myself. My highest 
ambition always was to serve her faithfully, my dearest hope 
to ''live in hearts I leave behind.'' 

Presentation of Flag. 27 

" Land of my sires, what mortal baud 

Can e'er untie the filial baud, 

Tbat knits me to tby rugged strand ? 

E'eu as I view eacb well-known scene, 

Think what is now, or what hath been. 

Seems as to me of all bereft, 

Sole friends, thy woods and streams are left, 

And thus I love thee better still, 

Even in extremity of ill. 

And now, my friends, it only remains to me to thank you 
gratefully, to pray that a merciful God may bring peace, 
prosperity and happiness to our State and to bid you farewell. 

When the speaker sat down the crowd broke once more 
into vociferous cheers. One lady in the audience rose aud 
hurled a hugh bunch of roses at the stage, and this was the 
beginning of a floral bombardment. And while these bouquets 
and baskets of flowers were being sent and thrown to the 
stage the audience were standing on their feet, waving hats 
and handkerchiefs and shouting aloud its approbation. 


In the meanwhile, midst the deafening applause, Major 
Barker retired from the stage, but soon reappeared escorting 
Mrs. J. W. Lewis, President of the Ladies' Worlds Fair Olub 
of Charleston, closely followed by a member of the Charleston 
Light Dragoons bearing the large and beautiful silk State Flag 
which had been exhibited at the Fair, and was now to be pre- 
sented to " Camp Moultrie," by the ladies of this Club. Mrs. 
Lewis handed the flag to General Hampton and requested him 
to present it to " Camp Moultrie." 

As the General again stepped forward, Mr. Robert A. 
Smyth, Commandant of " Camp Moultrie '' rose from his seat 
to receive it, and General Hampton in presenting it said : 

" Mr. Smyth : I am charged with the very grateful duty of 
presenting this flag, which was displayed at the World's Fair 
at Chicago, and made by the ladies who represented our State 
then, and given by them to the Sons of the Veterans. I can 
only say to them that if they will live and work, and if need 
be, fight as their sires did, they will he worthy sons of those 
men who have made South Carolina illustrious. I present to 
you, sir, in the name of these ladies, and for your organization 

28 Echoes from Hampton Bay. 

this flag. Remember that it symbolizes the honor of South 
Carolina, and die for it before you allow that honor to be tar- 

In accepting this gift on behalf of " Camp Moultrie," Mr. 
Smyth said : 

" Mrs. Lewis and Ladies, General Hampton and Gentle- 
men ; It is a great honor that has been conferred on "Camp 
Moultrie" in selecting her as the recipient and guardian of 
this beautiful flag, and we feel like the young knight whose 
vows have been recorded and who is now invested by beauty 
and by valour with the insignia of his high calling. 

(Turning to Mrs. Lewis.) We thank you, the representa- 
tive of our ladies, for this great act of confidence in our loyalty 
you have manifested by entrusting this flag to our keeping. 
(Turning again to General Hampton.) And to you, the gal- 
lant hero, who has illustrated in life and in action those 
a e tion i and principles towards which we have been taught to 
aspire, we tender our sincere and grateful thanks. Your 
presence and your words are an inspiration to us, and will 
stir us up to higher thoughts and nobler deeds. 

And now on behalf of the Sons of Confederate Veterans 
who have associated themselves into " Camp Moultrie," we 
pledge you that this flag will be cared for by us and guarded 
as our choicest possession. 

Color Sergeant ! In your keeping I place this flag, as you 
have been appointed by the Camp for this sacred trust. Place 
the flag by the side of our Sponsor, and guard it well.'' 

At this command Mr. Eugene N. Simons, the Color Ser- 
geant, came forward to the front of the stage, and took the 
flag, placing it by the side of Miss Johnson, the Sponsor, 
while the band played '' The Bonny Blue Flag." 

At the conclusion of this incident, when the strains of the 
music had died away, the Rev. Dr. Johnson, the Chaplain, 
pronounced the benediction. 

After this the General held an informal reception on the 
stage lasting nearly two hours. Thus ended the greatest day 
Charleston has ever known. 




His deeds described, his character portrayed by loving 
pens. As Warrior, Peacemaker, Statesman and Planter, alike 
distinguished and renowned- The man all true South Caro- 
linians admire, and whose fame they will transmit to their 
posterity as a proud inheritance. 

Wade Hampton. 31 



The story of Hampton's Career en the War for Southern 


[From the News and Covrier..~\ 

A man of inherited wealth, owning large possessions in 
Mississippi and South Carolina, entitled to chouse a life of 
leisure, a gentleman of literary culture, the determination of 
his native State in I860 to exercise her Constitutional right 
to secede from the Union found Wade Hampton ready to 
obey the call of South Carolina to arms in her defence, not- 
withstanding the previous attitude he had held as a Conserva- 
tive in politics on the question of secession. 

In May, 1S6], having obtained authority from the Confede- 
rate Government to raise a body of troops composed of three 
arms of service, viz., infantry, cavalry and artillery, acting 
together under the designation of a legion, Colonel Hampton 
proceeded to organize the Hampton Legion. Six companies 
of infantry, four companies of cavalry and eventually two 
companies of artillery were enrolled under Wade Hampton as 
Colonel, Benjamin H. Johnson as Lieutenant-Colonel, J. B. 
Griffin as Major, Theodore G. Barker as Adjutant, L. L. Good- 
win as Quartermaster and Thomas Beggs as Commissary. 


Iu June, 1861, the six infantry companies with Colonel 
Hampton and Lieut, Col. Johnson and the Staff, departed 
from Columbia by rail for Richmond, Va., and followed later 
by the four companies of cavalry under Major Griffin and a 
battery of artillery under ('apt. Stephen D. Lee went into 
Camp of Instruction near Richmond, where they remained 
until the orders were issued about June 18, 1801, to proceed 
to Manassas Junction, the infantry by rail, the cavalry and ar- 
tillery by dirt road. 

The infantry, after three days and two nights spent on the 

cars, without one day's < ked rations, were landed at Manas- 

sas on Sunday morning, July 21, about daylight. After a 
hurried and very >lim breakfast orders were received bv Col. 
Hampton to proceed to the left of the Confsderate line on the 
Bull Run, and to march " in the direction of the tiring.*' This 
brought the command about half-past 9 o'clock A. M, within 

32 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

range of the Federal artillery tiring upon the plateau, upon 
which the main battle of the day was fought, around the now 
historic farms known as that of the free negro Robinson, on 
the eastern side of the Centreville turnpike, and that of the 
Henry House, a little to the southeast of the Robinson House. 


This plateau was the pivot around which the flank move- 
ment of the Federals was wrapped like the fold of a serpent 
and upon which from 9:30 A. JVI. until 5 P. M. the Hampton 
Legion remained under constant tire of musketry and artil- 
lery, the tire ot the enemy, who occupied the fields on the 
west of the Centreville turnpike, proceeding without intermis- 
sion and striking the Legion, posted in the turnpike, at first 
from its right obliquely and in front, and afterwards obliquely 
from its left and rear. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson was killed about 10:30 A. M- 
in the turnpike- The Legion held its position in that road 
until about 2 o'clock when it was withdrawn under per- 
emptory orders conveyed by General Barnard E. Bee, and or- 
dered to retire from the Robinson House and hill across a 
ravine to a position then occupied by the brigade under com- 
mand of General Jackson, and where Jackson's brigade was 
christened '' The Stonewall Brigade " by General Bee's his- 
toric speech made in rallying other troops upon the plateau, 
pointing to the place : " There stands Jackson like a stone- 
wall." Colonel Hampton marched his command across the 
ravine and up the slope of the hill between the guns of Jask- 
son's artillery and formed on the right of Jackson's line of in- 

In its new position Beauregard's line now being forced to 
the rear, the Legion was fired upon from its rear and right 
flank by the enemy posted in a piece of woods. It then 
joined in the charge ordered by Beauregard in the direction of 
the Henry House, which overlooked the stone bridge at the 
Junction of the turnpike from Centreville and the road lead- 
ing from Manassas Junction to Sudley Ford, which crosses the 
turnpike at the stone bridge. 

This charge was checked in the rear of the Henry House 
and the Confederate line was reformed and made a second 
charge upon the enemy, who had already crossed the turn- 
pike and the Sudley Ford road and had planted artillery at 
the slo])e of the hill upon the top of which the Henry 
House was situated. 

Wade Hampton. 33 

Hampton's first wound. 

At this point Col. Hampton received his first wound from 
a buckshot in his left temple, and was taken to the rear, leav- 
ing the Legion under command of Capt. James Conner, of 
Company " A," Washington Light Infantry. 

( Jol. Hampton and the Legion received from Gens. Joseph 
Johnston and Beauregard high praise for the tenacity with 
which it held the position and the gallantry displayed by the 
officers and men on that eventful day. It made a reputation 
which was never lost or dimmed throughout the four years 
of war which followed. 

After that first great battle, in which Col. Hampton and 
his command received their baptism in war, other troops were 
added to Col. Hampton's command enlarging his force to the 
compass of a brigade, which was stationed during the rest of 
the year, 1861, and the winter of 1861-1862 on the line of the 
Occoquan or lower Bull Hun. The cavalry and artillery 
which did not reach Manassas in time for the fight was sta- 
tioned with the infantry to guard that line. 


Time will not permit us to follow Col. Hampton's career 
throughout the war. He commanded a brigade in the Seven 
Pines' fight, where he was again wounded. During his re- 
covery the war department determined to adopt the plan of 
brigading the troops according to their respective arms. The 
infantry of the Le<rion was left under the command of Col. 
Hampton and Lieut. Griffin and Major James Conner, who 
were promoted after Lieut. Col. Johnson's death ; while the 
artillery of the Legion was detached from it and brigaded 
with other artillery. The cavalry, under Major Calbraith 
Butler, was brigaded with other cavalry. 

When the seven days' battle around Richmond were com- 
menced Col. Hampton was without a command until put in 
command of another brigade. Soon, however, Col. Hampton 
was made brigadier general and put in command of a brigade 
of cavalry, composed of Butler's regiment, (of which the four 
companies originally of the Legion were part, and which was 
kimwn as the I'd South Carolina cavalry,) of the 1st South 
Carolina cavalry, under Col. Black, the Cobb Legion, of 
Georgia, the 1st North Carolina cavalry, the Jeff Davis 
Legion, and to this brigade was attached a battery of flying 
artillery, afterwards known as "Hart's Battery.' 5 

In August. 1863, Gen. Hampton was made general of cav- 

34 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

airy, and assigned to the command of a division formed of his 
old brigade, under Brigadier-General Butler, and other bri- 

Gen. Hampton remained major-general in command of this 
division throughout all the operations oi the cavalry of the 
Army of Northern Virginia, until some time after the death 
of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, who had commanded the cavalry 
corps, composed of Hampton's division, Fitz Lee's division 
and W. H. F. Lee's division. 


The orders of Gen. Lee provided that each division should 
report directly to the headquarters of the army, but when act- 
ing together in the field the divisions should all be under the 
command of Hampton as senior major-general. 

The arrangement was unwise, in this respect, that it left no 
opportunity for Gen. Hampton to become acquainted with the 
other troops of his own division while in action, and threw 
them when in active operations as strangers to him under his 
orders. It was unjust to Gen. Hampton in that it made him 
responsible, when engaged in critical operations, for the effi- 
ciency of the troops thus thrown under his command when he 
had had no previous familiarity with the troops or they with 
him. It was calculated to excite the jealousy and want of 
trust of the other division commanders, and was ill-calculated 
for successful work. 

That such an arrangement should have been permitted by 
Gen. Lee is evidence that he had not then learned to know the 
value of Gen. Hampton as an officer fitted to command a 
corps of cavalry, and to trust his capacity for handling a 
corps. It caused an awkward and uncomfortable delay in 
that promotion which his division felt he was entitled to at 
Stuart's death. 


Such was the situation when the important battle of Tre- 
villian's Station was fought on the 11th and 1 2th days of 
June, 1864. 

To appreciate the importance of the battle of Trevillian's 
Station it is necessary to consider the situation of Gen. Lee's 
army, below Richmond and Petersburg, dependent for its sup- 
plies upon the railroads running into Richmond from Gor- 
donsville, Charlottesville on the north, from Staunton and 
Lynchburg to the west, and the south side railroads from 

Wade Hampton. 35 

Danville and the intermediate country on the south of the 
James River. In the valley of the Shenandoah the Federal 
Gen Hunter, was moving towards Staunton and Lynchburg 
with a strong force, Sheridan with a large force of cavalry 
and artillery, with a pontoon train and all appliances for 
effective operations, was on the north side of the Pamun.-k v 
River, on the right of Grant's army, (as it faced Gen. 
Lee) while Speer's, Wilson's and Kontz's cavalry forces were 
collected on Grant's left below Petersburg. 

It was afterward understood that a grand combined move- 
ment had been planned by which Sheridan would move on 
Gordonsville and Charlottesville breaking up Lee's railroad 
communication and, joining with Hunter, bear down upon 
Lynchburg, while Speer's, Wilson's and Kontz's cavalry 
should pass around Lee's right flank, break up the railroads on 
the south side and unite with Hunter and Sheridan at Lynch- 

If the movement had been successful the whole country 
from which Lee's army was supplied would have been in the 
possession of the enemy, and all Lee's communications been 
broken up, and the probable result would have been the 
forced evacuation of Richmond and Petersburg by Lee, with 
Grant's whole force in his front, and nothing for General Lee 
to fall back upon between Richmond and the mountains. 

On June 8, 1864, General Hampton, having reported to 
General Lee that Sheridan had crossed the Pamunky, received 
orders to take two divisions of cavalry to oppose Sheridan. He 
moved rapidly with his (Hampton's) division from the south 
side of the James River, below Richmond, so as to interpose 
his command between Sheridan and Gordonsville and Char- 
lottesville, and in two days' march reached Green Spring 
V alley, three miles from Trevillian's Station, on the night of 
June 10. Hearing that Sheridan had crossed the North Anna 
at Carpenter's Ford, General Hampton determined to attack 
him at daylight. 

The road on which Sheridan was moving at a few miles 
from the river passed a point known as Clayton's Store, from 
which point the road continued west to Trevillian Station, 
and thence on to Charlottesville ; another road ran north to 
Gordonsville, and a third ran south to Louisa Court House. 

General Fitz Lee's division had been directed to follow 
Hampton, and was reported at Louisa Court House. General 
Hampton ordered Bntler's brigade, reinforced by Young's 
brigade, to move down the road from Trevillian's Station to- 
wards Clayton's Store, and attack the enemy at daylight, 
which was done. 

30 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

Rosser was ordered to guard the road from Clayton's Store 
to Grordonsville. Fitz Lee was ordered to move down the road 
from Louisa Court House towards Clayton's Store, and form 
a junction with the right of Butler's line, which was done. 

Butler's command was soon heavily engaged and drove 
back Sheridan's main force into their works, which they had 
thrown up. While driving the enemy with Butler's and 
Young's brigades a brigade of Federal cavalry under Custer 
made a singularly bold movement, and managed to get be- 
tween Butler's right and Fitz Lee, and to reach the road be- 
tween Trevillian's and Louisa Court House, where he secured 
a position with cavalry and artillery, completely in rear of 
Butler and Young's line. Rosser was sent for and Bntler 
was ordered to fall back. This was done under heavy fire 
from Sheridan, who instantly pressed forward, and the brigades 
under Butler and Young were at the same instant lighting 
Sheridan, who was pressing behind them, and Custer in their 

These commands suffered heavily, and many men were 
killed, wounded or captured. 

Rosser came up and promptly engaged Custer, driving him 
back and relieving the pressure upon the other two brigades. 

This closed the first day's fighting at Trevillian's. 

On the second day General Hampton threw two brigades 
of his division across the roads leading from Trevillian's to 
Gordonsville and Charlottesville and awaited Sheridan's 
movement. When General Fitz Lee joined him his division 
was moved to the left of the line. In the afternoon the at- 
tack was made by Sheridan with his main force dismounted 
upon the center of the line occupied by Butler's brigade, and 
a series of infantry charges were made by Sheridan without 
his gaining an inch of ground. Attack was made by Fitz Lee 
on the left at the same time that those of the enemy were re 
pulsed by the troops in the center, and the enemy fled in con- 
fusion, when night came and pursuit was impossible. By day- 
light he had withdrawn entirely, and, recrossing the North 
Anna, was in full retreat, leaving his dead and many of his 
wounded on the field. 

As Sheridan had the means of recrossins; the river with his 


pontoons at any point between Trevillian's and the White 
House on the lower Pamunky with a largely superior force, 
and having a whole night's start, it was impossible to follow 
him on the north side of the river, which lie had crossed. 
General Hampton moved his command down the right bank 
of the North Anna, and attacked the enemy at the White 
House, whence he retreated to the James River, and was 
ferried across in boats behind the lines of Grant's army. 

Wade Hampton. 37 

In no operation duringthe war did the high qualities of Gen- 
eral Hampton show more conspicuously than in this perform- 
ance. The indomitable spirit with which, after a day of disap- 
pointment and disaster, he gathered up the broken fragments of 
the brigades which had suffered, and with which he took up 
his position and held it during the night and the next day, the 
judgment with which he selected his position and the spirit 
with which he inspired his men were unsurpassed. 

After this there was no longer any doubt in General Lee's 
mind as to whether this civilian from South Carolina, this 
Mississippi planter without military training or West Point 
education, this man with no preparation for grand tactics be- 
yond his woodcraft and practice in deer and bear hunting 
could be trusted with the handling of the cavalry corps. 

The well-earned promotion which was his due soon followed 
and Wade Hampton was made Lieutenant-General and put in 
command of all the cavalry of Northern Virginia. This posi- 
tion brought General Hampton necessarily into closer rela- 
tions with General Robert E. Lee than had been possible in 
his previous career, and with these nearer relations began an 
appreciation which rapidly ripened into abounding confidence 
and implicit trust, which continued to the end of the war, and 
which lasted until General Lee's death, relations as grateful to 
General Hampton as they are in themselves proof of the title 
he earned to be regarded as a great cavalry leader and one of 
the great generals of the Confederacy. 

Theodore G. Barker, 
Major and A. A. G., Hampton's Cavalry. 



{From the News & Courier.) 

Hero worshipping by nature sprung from a hero worship- 
ping people by every tie of devotion born of a common in- 
heritance, common pride in our birth right as Carolinians, 

38 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

common memories of triumphs, of joys, of woe, of victory 
and defeat, bnt thank God, never of shame, do we Carolina 
women glory in our hero, Wade Hampton. 

Ah ! how the very name thrills us as we remember tales 
told us at our mothers' knees of the quiet virtues shown in 
the boyhood of the great man — of his having when a mere 
lad perilled his life to save from fire the dwelling and shop of 
a poor neighbor — of his steady pursuance of right and avoid- 
ance of wrong. Then, when older, with his foot on the thres- 
hold of Europe, with every thing combined to give him pleas- 
ure and excitement, the news reached him that one he loved 
at home had met with a sore bereavement, how he turned his 
back on the allurements of foreign travel and recrossed the 
Atlantic to come home to cheer and comfort that bereaved 
one. ; 'A much grander thing," said a lady who loved him, 
"than making the grand tour.'' 


Can any of us forget the swelling of heart with which we 
saw him standing in the yard of the railway station with his 
grey-coated legion around him ready for their journey to the 
fields of Virginia, while the man of God beside him with up- 
lifted hands commended him to the God of battles ? Then 
when the news of the fight came, our faces never blanched, 
our lips never quivered, for we knew the men into whose 
hands the honor of South Carolina was entrusted, and we 
knew that if the Palmetto flag were foun.l lying in the dust, 
beneath its folds would be found the dead body of the last son 
of South Carolina. 

And never was trust better fulfilled. The tidings came 
that our men were falling, that the blood of South Carolina 
was being poured forth like water. Our hearts were bleeding 
and broken, but they failed not, for honor was dearer than 
life, and we knew that the honor of the State was safe in the 
hands of the men that were led by Wade Hampton. The 
men from the battle field told us that he never said ''Go," but 
"Come," and afterwards in his own modest way he himself 
told us that he never ordered his men to go into a place where 
he did not lead them. And we said "God bless our Hero" 
when we heard that in the hottest fury of the fight he was 
faithful to the teachings of his mother and to the traditions of 
his In mie — that no word of profanity was ever heard to pass 
his lips, and the name of a woman was a sacred thing in his 

Wade Hampton. 39 

The thoughts grow too tender for words as the memories 
coins, of the handsome, gallant brother, whom Wade Hamp- 
ton saw shot down bv his side while he fought on ; of the 
light that faded out of the beautiful violet eyes and the ineffa- 
ble smile that was frozen on the lips of Preston Hampton, 
while the father placed a last kiss on the brow of the boy who 
lav in the arms of hi* wounded brother, dying for South Caro- 
lina. And the father stayed on the battle Held until the day 
was done, fighting for us. Is our love for Wade Hampton 
foolishness \ 

Then, when the war was over, for the last time he put on 
his grey uniform to appear at the wedding of his daughter 
and put her hand in the left hand of a man whose right arm 
was buried in Virginia. 

Only once more will the great cavalry leader wear the uni- 
form of the Confederate Army. 

Hampton's home near Columbia. 

Near Columbia is an odd-shaped, cpiaint looking little cot- 
tage — the only place which Hampton can call home. From 
the debris of his beautiful home burned to the ground by 
order of Gen. Sherman, he with the help of his iormer slaves 
contrived to build that humble cottage. Curiously enough as 
a room was added here and there, it assumed the shape of a 
cross. So it is significantly called by Hampton's friends 
"The Southern Cross." One woman values among her most 
precious treasures, a small glove box made from a cedar tree, 
which once stood in front of General Hampton's old home. 
The tree was destroyed by the same fire which ruined the 
dwelling. The box was fashioned by the General's own hands 
and given to its owner with the remark : He hoped she would 
think him more successful at construction, than his enemies 
thought he had been at "reconstruction" 

After the war, part of General Hampton's days were spent 
in this little cottage, and part on his plantation in Mississippi, 
striving with as much fortitude and courage to meet and bear 
the disappointments and vicissitudes of life, as he had met the 
fortunes and reverses of war, ready always to come to the 
front when South Carolina needed his voice or pen. 


The days of 1876 came. He redeemed the State from the 
worst tyranny that ever scourged a people. The Greeks ban- 
ished Aristides, poisoned Socrates, degraded Epaminondas, and 
the mob of South Carolina put aside Wade Hampton. 

40 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

Is "Wade Hampton's work for South Carolina done ? We 
women will not believe it — 

"For one so true 
There must be other, nobler work to do." 

These are dark days for the State, but the word on her 

shield is "Spes", and we women believe there is yet a future 

for Wade Hampton, and the men and women who love him 

and all he represents — that 

* * * Beyond the dim unknown 
Standeth God within the darkness 
Keeping watch above His own. 

Isabel D. Martin. 


[From the Neivs and Courier.'] 

To the Editor of the News and Courier : The unanimous 
voice of Confederate Veterans has united in the demand, that 
at the grand re-union to be held in your city, he should again 
be called to the front — , who, like the Father of his Country, 
" was first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his 
countrymen." Thirty years have passed since the ploughshare 
took the place of the sword, but the name of Wade Hampton 
is fresh and green in every true Confederate heart. 

It is not my purpose to dwell on him as a soldier or a states- 
man. As such he is known to all. But I do say, that if there 
is one man in the State of South Carolina entitled to stand 
pre-eminent as a practical, plain, hard, horse-sense business 
man and planter, that man is Wade Hampton. An intimate 
acquaintance and association with him for sixty years entitles 
me to speak knowingly. 

His father, Col. Wade Hampton, was one of the most suc- 
cessful planters of the South. His name was a synonym for 
all that was high-toned, liberal, hospitable and generous ; a 
man whose purse, like his house, was open to all, and one who 
was truly the poor man's friend. 

Gen. Hampton, our Hampton, was "a worthy son of a 
worthy sire."' His large planting interests in Mississippi were 
managed with care, intelligence and skill. His place near 
Skipwith's Landing was one of the finest places in the South, 

Wade Hampton. 41 

perhaps the equal of any in the world. He did not, like many 
gentleman planters, leave everything to his overseer. No, his 
close attention to detail, and his practical business methods 
were the secret of his success. His kind treatment and atten- 
tion to his negroes was proverbial, and had much to do with 
the kind feeling and regard manifested to him by the colored 
people, who, even in the dark days of the carpetbaggers, loved 
and honored him. 

The present generation, many of whom have only known 
him for his war record, and as the man who redeemed his^ 
State in 1876, have little idea that his reputation as a soldier 
and a statesman is due to the effect of that plain, common 
sense, calm, cool judgment that has ever distinguished him. 

His close attention to his planting interests would no doubt 
have enabled him to triumph over the results of the war, had 
not the destruction of his cotton, the crops of several years — 
destroyed to prevent its capture — left him with a heavy debt 
which ultimately forced him to give up his lands to liquidate. 

No better testimonial to the good judgment, high character, 
and universal confidence in the man could be named, and the 
fact that he was the acknowledged referee and umpire in 
nearlv every misunderstanding or difficulty occurrino- in our 
community. His advice was sought as one whose recommen- 
dations were honorable, and never without the best results. 

Columbia, S. C. G. 

" General, for God's sake don't leave me, I want to die 

[From the JS ews and Courier.] 

While others sing of arms and battlefields, I bring to twine 
with the laurel leaf a simple flower, one of those gentle deeds 
characteristic of the tender heart of the man, whom we this 
day delight to honor. 

In the summer of 1893, a clergyman, widely known through- 
out the State, and universally beloved, was travelling to his 
summer house in the mountains in a private conveyance, and 
as night drew near, stopped at a country house and asked for 
shelter. This was readily granted by the hospitable owner. 

During the evening the conversation turned on affairs 

42 Echoes from Hampton Day. 

political and otherwise. Both gentlemen had served in the 
Confederate army, and thus a bond of comradeship was soon 
established. When Hampton's name was mentioned, with 
love and admiration, the hqgt warmly assented to the remarks 
of his guest, and mentioned an incident indicative of Hamp- 
ton's care and devotion to those under his command. It 
occurred while the Confederates were encamped on the 
Potomac. Among the sick, was one very ill with typhoid 
fever. An order came to break up camp and retire, leaving 
that part of the country to the enemy. 

Gen. Hampton, whose habit it was to visit his sick, went in 
with Dr. Taylor to see the sick man, and afterwards outside, 
had a conversation with the Doctor as to the possibility of 
moving the patient. The latter, from what he overheard, con- 
cluded that the Doctor had told the General that he would 
most likely die, and he must be left. Calling the General, he 
looked up into his face, which was full of sympathy, and ex- 
claimed : " General, for God's sake don't leave me, I want 
to die with you." 

The appeal was not in vain. When the time came, Hamp- 
ton personally superintended his removal to the ambulance, 
and " the Doctor stuck to him night and day." The host was 
" the sick soldier," and he told, with much feeling, how he 
owed his life to the skill and attention of Dr. Taylor, and the 
tender and faithful kindness of Hampton. J. R. B. 


[Greenville (S. C.) News, Editorial May 16th, 1895.'] 

The State of South Carolina owes thanks to Charleston for 
the magnificent reception by the people of that city to General 
Hampton on Tuesday. 

The good old city has good reason to be proud of the day 
and its doings. In honoring Hampton — her son by birth — 
she honored herself. 

In the history of South Carolina, no name will stand higher 
than that of Wade Hampton, no fame will stand brighter or 
whiter than his. 

He has given the State a life time of service and devotion, 
a reputation on which there is no blemish, an example which 
all her sons may emulate and strive to follow. 

He is one man who has never wavered or dodged or 

Wade Hampton. 43 

avoided his duty anywhere or in any emergency, who has 
never sought his own interest, who has been true to his State 
and her people in all circumstances and conditions. 

Gen. Hampton is not a politician. He is not an orator or 
statesman even. He is a big hearted, big souled, true, manly, 
brave man, faithful to his friends, his State, his cause and 
himself. He does not understand stooping that thrift may 
follow fawning. Loving his State and people, he would not 
yield even to the majority of the peopie when he thought 
they were wrong. He let everything go, honors, place, 
power, fortune and all, rather than yield one inch of princi- 
ple or humiliate himself to ask one particle of favor from 
his foes. 

Time and time again he has offered life, fortune, all that 
men hold dear to the honor and protection of South Caro- 
lina. He has given the State the best years of his life, the 
best thoughts of his brain, the pure and intense love of his 
heart, all the energy and power with which nature endowed 
him. He has asked nothing, he has made no unmanly com- 
plaints, he has carried himself with unfailing dignity and un- 
flinching courage; and with unsullied name through all the 
varied and trying situations in which the fortunes of war and 
and the changes of politics have placed him. 

He is a man who can be held up before coming generations 
of South Carolinians and before all the world as an illus- 
tration of the State's manhood, as a representative of her 
chivalry and strength and dignity, every inch a man, without 
fear or reproach ; a soldier, gentleman and South Carolinian 
of the best type. 

We are glad all Charleston turned out to do him honor. It 
is good to know that his loyal heart was gladdened by assur- 
ances of the continued love of people for whom he has done so 
much. We like to think of him once more going between 
lanes of cheering South Carolinians with every eye lighted with 
love for him, with his badges shining on the breasts of the men 
and women, and the babies held up to see him go by. 

It was a splendid ovation by a splendid people to a splendid 
man. We know that it made Gen. Hampton happy. We know 
that the cheers that sounded in the streets of Charleston, and 
rang through the crowded theatre there as the mass of people 
rose to shout their greeting to the sturdy old hero, will be 
echoed in loyal and loving hearts from one end of South Caro- 
lina to the other, from Savannah to Catawba, from swamp and 
coast and pinelands to the crests of the Blue Ridge Mountains 

44 Echoes from Hampton Day. 




{From the" Chester Reporter") 
The "Old City by the Sea" did itself proud in its grand 
ovation to Gen. Wade Hampton. The hero of 1861-65 and 
1876 is deserving of all the honors shown him on that occasion. 

{From the "Pickens Sentinel") 

Gen. Wade Hampton was tendered a royal reception in 
Charleston. The place of his birth does not forget him in 
political adversity, and with true patriotism the citizens of 
Charleston have honored her most illustrious son, who, being 
neither statesman nor orator even, has done more for South 
Carolina than any other living man. 

{From the "St Matthews' Herald.") 
The ovation given Gen. Wade Hampton in Charleston was 
soul-stirring indeed, and makes us glad to know that the 
memory of the grand old hero is not yet dead in this, the 
State of his birth ; in this State, which his leadership freed 
from a corrupt government. May the day never come when 
his coming among us will not be hailed with delight. 

{From the "Anderson Intelligencer") 

It gives us pleasure to note the grand ovation that was ten- 
dered to that grand old hero, Wade Hampton, in Charleston, 
where he went by invitation of the Charleston Chapter of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy and Camp Moultrie, Sons of 
Confederate Veterans. He was met on his arrival by all the 
companies of the local military, and prominent citizens, and as 
the procession proceeded up the streets the thousands of spec- 
tators cheered vociferously for the noble old patriot. 

{From the "Charlotte (iT. C) Observer," of May 15, 1895.) 

Gen. Wade Hampton is in Charleston this week, and is 
receiving an ovation such as was never accorded even to Cal- 
houn. Col Wharton J. Green, who is a warm friend of Gen. 
Hampton's, is in Cnarleston, and yesterday sent us this tele- 
gram ; "No living man of this or antecedent time has ever 
received such a grand, spontaneous ovation as was accorded 
Gen. Wade Hampton to-day in Charleston, his native city." 








Appendix. 47 

Cashiers Valley, N. C, June 3rd, 1895. 
Sons of Confederate Veterans, Charleston, S. C. 

Dear Gentlemen ; — The echo of that outburst of loving 
feeling to our Brother, Charleston's son, was so heartsome and 
true that it reached even unto the fastnesses of these far-away 
mountains and brought to us, who love him, the deepest grati- 
fication. To him there never has been a prouder moment, 
and well may he have appreciated in the fullest degree the 
honor tendered him. The hearts of the young and the old 
beating out to him the love they bore him. 

May we thank you for the ovation and send our best wishes 
for each member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and say 
we pray they may become "like unto the precious Sons of God, 
comparable to tine gold." 

Yours truly, 

Kate Hampton. 

Camp Sumter, No 250, U. C. V. 1 

Charleston, S. C, June 18, 1895. f 

Mr. Stephen R. Bell, Adjutant Camp Moultrie, Sons of Con- 
federate Veterans, Charleston, S. C. 

My Dear Sir ; — At a meeting of Camp Sumter, No 250, 
U. C. V., held on the 16th of May, 1895, a unanimous vote of 
thanks was tendered to Camp Moultrie, Sons of Confederate 
Veterans, for inviting Gen. Wade Hampton to visit our city, 
and for the admirable manner your committee arranged for his 
reception and entertainment while here. 

The Veterans of our Camp are truly thankful to you for 
once more affording them the pleasure of looking into his face, 
shaking his hand, and, above all, for the privilege of hearing 
his eloquent address, so timely in this hour of Carolina's sore 

Again thanking you all on behalf of Camp Sumter, I am 

Very respectfully, 

J. W. Ward, 
Adjutant Camp Sumter, U. C. V. 

48 Appendix. 

The Daughters of the Confederacy, ) 

Charleston, S. C., May 22, 1895. f 

Mr. Robert A. Sm/yth, Commcmdcmt Camp Moultrie, Sons of 
OonfederaU Veterems, Charleston, S. C. 

Dear Sir ; — The very pleasant duty has been assigned me 
of forwarding to you, as Commandant of Camp Moultrie, Sons 
of Confederate Veterans, the accompanying resolutions, adopted 
by the Officers and Managers of "The Daughters of the Con- 
federacy" at a meeting held by them May 16th, as a memento 
of the recent joint meeting of your Camp and our Chapter. 

The brilliant success of this meeting will make it always one 
of our valued memories, not only for the welcome accorded 
our beloved Hampton, but also for the strong bond it cements 
between Camp Moultrie, Sons of Confederate Veterans, and 
"The Daughters of the Confederacy," who will always remem- 
ber that it was the invitation from your Camp to join them in 
a meeting which made our recent success a possibility. 

With highest esteem, yours, etc, 

Martha B. Washington, 

Corresponding Secretary. 


3 5197 00H4305 3 


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