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Full text of "The Edinburgh annual register"












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Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2007 with funding from 

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Iittp://www.arcliive.org/details/edinburgliannpt2v05scotuoft 




THE 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 

For 1812. 



THE 



EDINBURGH 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 



For 1812. 



VOL. FIFTH. PART SECOND. 



EDINBURGH: 

I^itnteti Bs 3[atne0 Xallantene anD €0* 

FOR JOHN BALLANTYNE AND CO. EDINBURGH J 

LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN, LONDON; 

AND THE OTHER PROPRIETORS. 

1814. 



v'>-»*>i 



/ 



I) 



CONTENTS 



TO 



VOLUME FIFTH, PART SECOND. 



rAGE. 

Chronicle, containing brief Accounts of the various Public Occurrences of 

the Year, - - - - - . - 1—211 

Appendix, consisting of British and Foreign State Papers, - - 212— S19 

PuBiJc Accounts of Great Britain and Ireland, . . _ 320—340 

List of Patents in 1812, ------. 341 

Review of the Arguments on the Corn Laws, _ - - - S43 

Memoir of the Life and Writings of the Rev. James Grahame, - - 384 

Account of the Campaigns of Montrose, translated from the Gaelic Language, 416 

Copy of a Letter from the Earl of Perth, Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, to 

the Laird of Blair Drummond, 26th July, M9I, - - 429 

Extracts from a Journal kept during a Coasting Voyage through the Scottish 
Islands, - - -- - - . - -431 



ORIGINAL POETRY. 

The Ballad of King Gregory, •..._.! 

Barnard, a Monastic Legend, --__.. xii 
Sonnet to Sir Thomas Graham, on his Return to Spain, after a short Visit to this 

Country, . - . .... xvi 

Verses written among the Ruins of Roxburgh Castle, . - - ib. 
Lines written in the Cave of Fingal, (?io« or/g.; . - '- . xviij 
Address by Lord Byron, spoken by Mr Elliston at the opening of the new Thea- 
tre Royal, Drury Lane, (no< owg.) . - . - . xix 
Farewell Address, spoken by Mrs Siddons, on leaving the Stage, 29th of June, 

1812, written by Horace Twiss, Esq., (not or«g.) - - - - xx 

The Cottage of the Plora, a Poem, . . - _ _ xxi 

The Fettering of Fancy, ------ - xxiv 

On my Brother's leaving Home without my seeing him, - - xxv 

Sonnet, by a Lady on visiting the Grave of her Child, - - - xxvi 
Sonnet, written on the Day appointed for the National Thanksgiving, in the 

Close of 1812, ^.-..-.--ib. 



Lists of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, _ _ - - . xxvii 

The London General Bill of Mortality, ----- xxviii 

List of Promotions, ------. xli 

New Publications for 1812. - - - - - - xlv 

Index, _-------- ixv 



CHRONICLE. 



JANUARY. 

Ist. Edinburgh. We regret to 

state, that last night, being the last 
of the year, and on that account de- 
voted by immemorial usage, and the 
custom of the place, to innocent fes- 
tivity, the streets of this city were 
disgraced by a series of riots, out- 
rages, and robberies, hitherto, we 
may truly say, without any example. 
—During almost the whole of the 
night, after eleven o'clock, a gang of 
ferocious banditti, armed with blud- 
geons and other weapons, infested 
some of the leading streets in this 
metropolis, and knopked down and 
robbed, and otherwise most wantonly 
abused, almost every person who had 
the misfortune to fall in their way. 
After they had fairly succeeded in 
knocking down those of whom they 
were in pursuit, they proceeded im- 
mediately to rifle them of their money 
and watches ; and the least symptom, 
on their part, of anxiety to save their 
property, was a provocation to new 
outrages, which were persevered in 
until their lives were endangered. One 
person we have heard of, who, after 

VOL. V. PART II. 



being knocked down, made several 
attempts to preserve his watch, when 
he was so abused and kicked on the 
head, and in the breast and stomach, 
that he was glad to escape with his 
life. Another gentleman, in the same 
unhappy predicament, succeeded in 
preserving his watch, though it was 
pulled so violently that the chain was 
broke, which, together with the seals 
he lost. 

These outrages were chiefly com- 
mitted by a band of idle apprentice 
boys, regularly organized for the pur- 
pose, and lurking in stairs and closes, 
from whence they issued, on a signal 
given, in large bands, and surround- 
ed and overwhelmed those who were 
passing by. By the vigilance of the 
magistrates, who were in the streets, 
or otherwise actively engaged in the 
duties of their ofiice, until about five 
o'clock on Wednesday morning, se- 
veral of these rioters were apprehend- 
ed on the spot, some of them with 
the stolen articles in their possession, 
ind the most vigilant enquiries are 
going on, with a view to root out 
this nefarious combination against the 
peace of society. A rpward of 100 
A 



EiDlNBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jan. 1. 



guineas is offered for the discovery of 
the offenders. 

Dugald Campbell, a police officer, 
who was wounded, and carried to 
the Royal Infirmary, is since dead, 
and another lies dangerously ill. 

In addition to the above account, 
v/e have now to state, that on the 
morning of the 1st cuiTcnt, Mr James 
Campbell, clerk to Messrs John Ait- 
ken and Company, merchants in 
Leith, wras attacked on the South 
Bridge, near to the Tron Church, 
betwixt one and two o^clock, and so 
severely struck on the head and other 
parts of the body, that he died on 
Tuesday of the wounds he received. 
It having turned out in the course of 
investigation that several other per- 
sons were severely wounded, the Right 
Hon. the Lord Provost and Magis- 
trates, in order the more effectually 
to lead to the detection of the per- 
son or persons guilty of the above of- 
fences, offered a reward of one hun- 
dred guineas, to those who shall give 
such information as shall lead to the 
detection of the persons guilty. 

The following proclamations were 
also circulated, and advertised in all 
the newspapers : 

Reward of One Hundred Guineas. 
Whereas outrages of a most vio- 
lent nature, and hitherto unexampled 
in Edinburgh, have been committed 
last night upon eeveral gentlemen and 
police-officers, when passing along 
the streets, by knocking them down, 
maltreating, and robbing them ; 

The Lord Provost and Magis- 
trates, in order to lead to a discovery 
of the persons concerned in those 
proceedings, hereby offer a reward of 

One Hundred Guineas, 
to be paid to informers, upon convic- 
tion of the offender or offenders. 



Several persons were seized in the 
course of the night, and brought be- 
fore the Magistrates and Judge of 
Police, who were in attendance, and 
some articles were found in their pos- 
session which it is supposed belong 
to persons who had been robbed. 
It is requested that such will call at 
the Council-chamber, to give the re- 
quisite information, and to identify 
their property. 

From the whole circumstances that 
came out, upon investigation last 
night, there appears to have been a 
regular plan of robbery previously 
concerted by the perpetrators, who 
were almost ^11 boys or young lads, 
armed with bludgeons for the pur- 
pose. 

As this is a thing so new in the 
metropolis, as well as so flagrant in 
itself, the Lord Provost and Magis- 
trates are determined to follow up the 
enquiry in the most rigorous manner ; 
and they earnestly call upon all ranks 
of citizens, especially those who 
have the charge of apprentices and 
youth, to give every aid in their pow- 
er, so as this most atrocious combina- 
tion may be effectually detected, and 
a severe public example made of all 
those concerned in it. 

Wm. Creech, Provost. 

John Walker, B. 

Arch. Mackinlay, B. 

John Waugh, B. 

Rob. Smith B. 
Council-chamber, Edinburgh, 
January 1, 1812. 

Murder ! 
Whereas in the course of the late 
riots on the streets of this city, on the 
night of the 31st December last, or 
morning of the 1st January current, 
Dugald Campbell, one of tlie police- 
ofiicers, while in the discharge of his 



Jan. 2.1 



CHRONICLE. 



duty, was severely struclc and wound- 
ed by a number of persons presently 
unknown, and yesterday died of his 
wounds ; 

The Rij?ht Hon. the Lord Pro- 
vost and Magistrates, in order more 
effectually to lead to the detection of 
the person or persons guilty of the 
offence, hereby offer a reward of 100 
guineas to those who shall give such 
information as shall lead to the detec- 
tion of the persoas guilty ; to be paid 
upon conviction. 

Note. — The reward now offered 
is separate and distinct from that ad- 
vertised for the discovery of those 
who were generally engaged in the 
riots. 

Council chamber, Edinburgh, 
Jany^ry 4, 1812, 

Notice to the Public. 

The Right Hon the Lord Pro- 
vost and Magistrates request that 
such persons as may have lost watch- 
es, in the riot of the 81st ultimo, will 
transmit, to this office, notes of the 
makers' names, and numbers, so that 
they may be immediately advertised. 
Meantime, watch-makers and others 
are requested to be careful in purcha- 
sing watches from persons unknown 
to them, and to secure all suspicious 
persons offering watches for sale. 
Sufferers will also please transmit a 
particular note and description of any 
other article of property they may 
have lost 

It is entreated that those who have 
sent anonymous information to the 
Magistrates respecting the late riots, 
will call in person at this office. 
Council-chamber, Edinburgh, 
January 4, 1812. 

Sixty-eight persons were arrested 
in consequence of these proceedings. 
The following are the names of those 



most actively engaged : — John Skel- 
ton, sentenced to be hanged, but re- 
prieved, and ordered to be transport- 
ed for life. Hugh M'Intosh, Niel 
Sutherland, and Hugh Macdonald, 
executed : Robert Gunn, and Alex- 
ander Macdonald alias White, trans- 
ported for life. George Napier and 
John Grotto, transported for 14 years. 
Several banished themselves from the 
city, some enlisted, and others were 
sent on board the navy. 

2d. — ^The Lord Provost and Ma- 
gistrates of Edinburgh met the com- 
mittees of the different public bo- 
dies, on the subject of the late riotous 
proceedings in that city, and to con- 
sider of the measures to be pursued 
fqr establishing a more efficient po- 
lice. The Lord Provost having ad- 
dressed the meeting at some length, 
the following resolutions were unani- 
mously agreed to : 

)mo. That the present meeting, con- 
sistingot'comn>ittees appointed by every 
public body of tiie community of Eiiin- 
burgh, almost without exception, think 
it a duty incuuibent upon t'nem solemnly 
todedaie, that, in their opinion, the pre- 
sent system oFpolxe is totally inadequate 
to the beneficial purposes for which it was 
intended. 

2io. Tiiat the late police act ought, 
therefore, to be repealed, and a new bill 
brought into parliament, with every pos- 
si'.ile dispatch, containing a powerful sys- 
tem of police, with such subordinate re- 
gulations as may appear necessary to re- 
medy the evils at present so universally 
and jiistiy coniplaiiicd of. 

A sub-committee was then ap- 
pointed, consisting of the Lord Pro- 
vost and Magistrates, the Lord Pre- 
sident, the Lord Chief Baron, Baron 
Clerk, the Lord Advocate, the So- 
licitor-General, Mr Sheriff Rae, the 
City Assessors, the Dean of Faculty, 
the Deputy-Keeper of the Signetj 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jan. 2. 



William Inglis, Esq. John Tait, Esq. 
Captaiij Lowes, &c. &c. 

London. — On Friday a Court of 
Directors was held at the East-In- 
dia house, when the under-mentioned 
commanders took leave, viz. Captain 
Cribble, of the Royal George ; Cap- 
tain MoiFat,of theWinchelsea; Cap- 
tain Lock, of the David Scott ; and 
Captain Welbank, of the Cuffnels, 
for Madras and China ; Captain Ro- 
bertson, of the Surat Castle, for the 
Prince of Wales Island and China. 
Captain M. Craig was sworn into the 
command of the ship Elphinstone, 
destined tp China direct. 

Captain Stopford, who brought 
the official details of the taking of 
Batavia, is promoted to the rank of 
post captain, and will also be reward- 
ed with the sum of 5001. as is custom- 
ary on similar occasions. 

There has been an unfortunate dif- 
ference between the Board of Coun- 
cil and House of Assembly in St 
Kitts. We are not informed pre- 
cisely of the origin of the schism ; but 
it has occasioned a reproachful con- 
troversy, which ended in the House 
of Assembly refusing to take notice 
of any communications from the go- 
vernment. The statements of the 
parties implicated have been sent to 
England. 

On Thursday, a boy, about ten 
years of age, son of Mr Niven, ma- 
nager of the Gilmerton coal-works, 
was amusing himself on the ice with 
fiome of his school-fellows, on a pond 
near that place, when the ice unfor- 
tunately gave way, and he sunk un- 
der it. It was about two hours be- 
fore the body was recovered, and the 
exertions used to restore animation 
were, of course, unsuccessful. 

During the course of the lastweek, 
while a young man, named Stevens, 
about the age of twelve or thirteen, 



was skating on the river Esk, near 
Lasswade, the ice gave way with 
him, and he was unfortunately drown- 
ed. Every effort to restore him to 
animation was ineffectual. 

Murders of the Marrs and 
Williamsons. — It will be satisfac- 
tory to our readers to be made ac- 
quainted with the following circum- 
stances, tending to confirm the con- 
viction of the guilt of WiUiams, as 
concerned in the late murders : — The 
privy belonging to the Pear-Tree 
public-house, where he lodged, has 
been searched and examined, and in 
it has been found buried a pair of 
blue striped trowsers, much stained 
with blood from top to bottom ; they 
are spoken to very confidently by 
Williams's fellow-lodgers at the Pear- 
Tree, as having been seen frequently 
lying about the house. A pocket- 
book has also been found in the same 
place, containing several instruments 
and a pair of scissars, which, no 
doubt, will be proved to have belong- 
ed either to Mrs Williamson or Mrs 
Marr. The trowsers and the pocket- 
book were discovered thrust down 
near four feet under the surface of 
the soil, by a birch-broom, which 
was also found in a perpendicular po- 
sition upon the trowsers, but com- 
pletely covered by the soil. The 
contents of the pocket-book are 
quite fresh, and do not appear to 
have been disturbed. 

Interment of John Williams 
THE Murderer. About ten o'- 
clock on Monday night, Mr Robin- 
son, the high constable of the parish 
of St George, accompanied by Mr 
Machin, one of the constables, Mr 
Harrison, the collector, and Mr Ro- 
binson's deputy, went to the prison 
atColdbath-Fields, where thebody of 
Williams being delivered to them, 
was put into a hackney-coach, in 



Jan. 2.] 



CHRONICLE. 



which the deputy-constable proceed- 
ed to the watch-house of St George, 
known by the name of the Round- 
About, at the bottom of Ship-alley. 
The other three gentlemen followed 
in another coach, and about twelve 
o*clock the body was deposited in^ 
the black-hole, where it remained all 
night. 

Yesterday morning, about nine o'- 
clock, the high constable, with his 
attendants, arrived at the watch- 
house with a cart, that had been fit- 
ted up for the purpose of giving the 
greatest possible degree of exposure 
to the face and body of Williams. A 
stage, or platform, was formed upon 
the cart by boards, which extended 
from one side to the other. They 
were fastened to the top, and lapping 
over each other from the hinder part 
to the front of the cart, in regular 
gradation, they formed an inclined 
plane, on which the body rested, 
with the head towards the horse, 
and so much elevated, as to be com- 
pletely exposed to public view. The 
body was retained in an extended po- 
sition by a cord, which, passing be- 
neath the arms, was fastened under- 
neath the boards. On the body was 
a pair of blue cloth pantaloons, and 
a white shirt, with the sleeves tucked 
up to the elbows, but neither coat or 
waistcoat. About the neck was the 
white handkerchief with which Wil- 
liams put an end to his existence. 
There were stockings but no shoes 
upon his feet. The countenance was 
fresh, and perfectly free from disco- 
louration of hvid spots. The hair 
was rather of a sandy cast, and the 
whiskers appeared to have been re- 
markably close shaven. On both the 
hands were some livid spots. On the 
right-hand side of the head was fixed, 
perpendicularly, the maul, virith which 
the murder of the Marrs was cdm- 



mitted. On the left also, in a per- 
pendicular position, was fixed the 
ripping chissel. Above his head was 
laid, in a transverse direction upon 
the boards, the iron crow ; and pa- 
rallel with it, the stake destined to 
be driven through the body. About 
^ half past ten, the procession moved 
from the watch-house, in the follow- 
ing order : 

Mr Machin, constable of Shadwell. 
Mr Harrison, collector of King's taxes. 
Mr Lloyd, baker. 
Mr Strickland, coal-merchant. 
Mr Burford, stationer j 
And 
Mr Gale, superintendant of lascars in the 
East India Company s service — all mount- 
ed on grey horses. 
The Constables, Headboroughs, and Pa- 

troles of the parish, with cutlasses. 
The Beadle of St George's in his official 

dress. 

Mr Robinson, the high constable of St 

George s . 

The Cart with the Body. 

A large body of Constables. 

An immense cavalcade of the inha- 
bitants of the two parishes closed the 
procession. 

On arriving opposite to the house 
of Mr Marr, the procession halted 
for about ten minutes, and then pro- 
ceeded down Old Gravel Lane, New 
Market Street,Wapping High Street, 
and up New Gravel Lane, when the 
procession again stopped, opposite to 
the King's Arms, the house of the 
late Mr Williamson. From hence it 
proceeded along RatchfFe Highway, 
and up Cannon Street, to the Turn- 
pike Gate, at which the four roads 
meet, viz. — the New Road into 
Whitechapel ; that into Sun Tavern 
Fields ; the back lane to Wellclose 
Square ; and Ratcliffe Highway. 
The hole, about four feet deep, three 
feet long, and two feet wide, was dug 
precisely at the crossing of the roads, 
four or five feet from the turnpike 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jan. 3, 



house. About half past twelve o'- 
clock, the body was pushed out of 
the rart, and crammed, neck, and 
heels, into the hole, which, as it will 
have been seen from the dimensionis, 
was purposely so formed, as not to 
admit of being laid at full length. 
The stake was immediately driven 
through the body, amidst the shouts 
and vociferous execrations of the mul- 
titude, and the hole filled up, and 
well rammed down. The parties 
forming the proeession then disper- 
sed. 

The concourse of spectators, on 
this awful occasion, was immense. 
Every window of the streets through 
which the procession passed was 
crowded beyond example, but there 
was not the slighest interruption or 
tendency to disorder. For the most 
part a general silence prevailed as the 
procession moved, being only inter- 
rupted by occasional ejaculatory cur- 
ses. When the cart stopped at Mr 
Marr's, at Mr Williamson's, and at 
the hole, there were universal shouts 
and expressions of execration. A 
hackney-coachman, who had drawn 
up near the top of Old Gravel Lane, 
bestowed two or three cuts on the 
body as it passed, accompanied with 
an ejaculation which it is unnecessary 
to repeat. 

From the appearance of the body, 
Williams is conjectured to have been 
about 30 years of age. He was near 
six feet in height, with a strong fierce 
countenance. When the procession 
began to move, there were two men 
ia the cart, to prevent the body roll- 
ing off ; but their assistance appear- 
ing to be superfluous, they descend- 
ed, and the body was then left per- 
fectly exposed to the view of every 
spectator. 

During the last half hour thecrowd 
had increased immensely j they pour- 



ed in from all parts, but their demean- 
our was perfectly quiet. All the 
shops in the neighbourhood were 
shut, and the windows and tops of 
the houses were crowded with spec- 
tators. On every side, mingled with 
execrations of the murderer, were 
heard fervent prayers for the speedy 
detection of his accomplices. 

3d. — Our readers will recollect the 
melancholy consequence of the over- 
turn of one of the Glasgow coaches, 
on the road between West Craigs and 
Airdrie, in the month of October last 
year, when Mr Brown, formerly 
hair-dresser in Edinburgh, unfortu- 
nately lost his life, and hia wife was 
so much bruised as to place her life 
in imminent danger for a considerable 
length of time. — In consequence of 
this calamity, an action of damages 
was brought against the proprietors 
of the coach, and the proprietor of 
the post-chaise, with which the coach 
was racing at the time the accident 
happened, which appeared to be oc- 
casioned by tha-t most unwarrantable 
offence. After perusal of proofs, and 
a full hearing of counsel. Lord Mea- 
dowbank, ordinary, found the dc- 
fendents in the following sums, with 
full expence of process : — 

To Mrs Brown, in compensation of 
damages suffered in her per- 
son, ... L.'iOO 

To her, for the loss of her hus- 
band, - - - 200 

And to each of the children, 
eight in number, 130 each, 1040 

1340 

4th Riots at Nottingham. — 

On Friday night last two frames were 
broken in Pleasant Row, Nottingham. 
One more has since been broken in 
Milk Street, and three others in other 
parts of the town. 

In many villages in the county, 



Jan. 5—70 



CHRONICLE. 



and on the borders of Derbyshire, the 
terror and alarm of the inhabitants is 
Such, occasioned by the late noctur- 
nal attacks on the property of peace- 
able individuals, that they are afraid 
to go to bed at nights ; and it has 
been deemed necessary to keep watch 
alternately, for the protection of their 
property. 

State of the king's health. — 
The following bulletin was exhibit- 
ed on Saturday : — 

Windsor Castle^ January 4?. 
The king continues nearly in the 
tame state. 

(Signed.) H. Halford. 
M. Baillie. 
W. Heberden. 
J. Willis. 
R. Willis. 
. 5th. — Finances. — We are happy 
to lay before our readers the follow- 
ing comparative statement of the fol- 
lowing heads of revenue in the two 
quarters ending 5th January, 1811, 
and 5ih January, 1812. The excess 
in favour of the latter quarter is above 
3i5,000l 

1811. 1812. 

Consol. Customs. Z.918,433. .Z.1,306,293 
Consol Excise, 3 964,910. , .3 948.439 
Consol. Stamps, 1,273,473.. .1.241,66.j 

Accounts are received of the loss 
of his Majesty'sship Hero, of Ti guns, 
Captain Nevvnham, on her return to 
England from the Baltic. She sailed 
from Gotteuburgh on the l8th ult. 
in company with the Egeria sloop. 
Captain Lewis Hole, and 150 sail of 
vessels for England ; on the 20th, the 
Hero and 50 sail only were in com- 
pany ; and on the 23d, the Egeria 
(arrived at Leith) lost sight of them 
in thick blowing weather. The Hero 
was lost on Christmas day, off the 
Texel, on the Haak Sands, and, we 
lament to state, with all the crew ex- 
cept «ight. The Grasshopper sloop, 



Captain Fanshawe, which was in com- 
pany (drawing less water) beat over 
the Sands, and, from the damage she 
received, was afterwards obliged to 
run into the Texel, where the officers 
and crew were made prisoners. — In- 
telligence of this afflicting event has 
been transmitted to the admiralty by- 
Admiral Foley, who says, that such, 
was the violence of the gale, that the 
Grasshopper, in going ashore, beat 
clean over the wreck of the Hero. 
These afflicting events are confirmed 
by the French papers. The Desiree 
frigate has sailed with a flag of truce 
to the Texel, to obtain correct par- 
ticulars of che fate of the crew. 

The officers of the Hero, who pe- 
rished in her, were Capt. James N. 
Newnhan ; Lieutenants James Wil- 
cox, John Allen Meadway, JohnMit- 
cheU, John Norton, Charles B. Hit- 
chens ; Mr John M. Leake, purser ; 
John Meritt, gunner ; William B. 
Watson, boatswain ; Mr Thomas 
Murray, carpenter. 

7th. — Princess Charlotte of 
Wales' Birthday. — The obser- 
vance of the Princess Charlotte of 
Wales' birth-day was noticed this day 
in a more particular manner by the 
royal family and others than it has 
hitherto been done. Her royal high- 
ness completed her sixteenth year, 
upon which occasion her royal fa- 
ther, the prince regent, gave a grand 
dinner at Carlton House, to the 
queen, &c. who came from Wind- 
sor for that purpose. Her majesty 
arrived at the queen's palace in her 
travelling carriage, escorted by a 
party of light horse, at 12 o'clock, 
accompanied by Princesses Augusta 
and Mary, attended by Lady Ayles- 
bury. Soon r.fter, her majesty and 
the princesses were visited by the 
Duke of Cambridge. About half 
past one o'clock the prince regent's 



8 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jan. 12—13. 



carriage, with the coachman and three 
footmen in their state liveries, arrived 
at the queen's palace, and took the 
queen and princessesto Carlton House, 
where the Dukes of Kent and Cum- 
berland were in attendance to receive 
them, who conducted them to the 
prince regent, who received his royal 
mother with the most filial affection 
and attention, and introduced his be- 
loved daughter, the Princess Charlotte, 
who they congratulated on the return 
of the day. Her royal highness ap- 
peared extremely well. The prince 
conducted the queen and princesses 
to view his elegant house, and the re- 
pairs lately done to it, till near four 
o'clock, when the royal party sat 
down to a sumptuous dinner in the 
crimson velvet room. The queen was 
attended by Lady Aylesbury. The 
prince by Generals Turner and Kep- 
pel, and Colonel Congreve. The 
Princess Charlotte by Lady de CUf- 
ford. At a quarter past six the queen 
and princesses left Carlton House by 
torch-light for Windsor. The queen 
was conducted to her carriage by the 
prince, as were his sisters. The day 
was observed as a day of rejoicing ge- 
nerally at Carlton House. 

12th. — Sunday night, between the 
hours of nine and ten, the house of 
Mr Pryor, boot and shoemaker, 72, 
St Margaret'«.hill, Borough, was en- 
tered by two men, who picked the 
lock. The servant-maid was in the 
cellar, and on coming into the shop 
saw a man, with a crape on his face, 
taking down the boots. The girl took 
him for her master, and asked him if 
he was going out ? The man directly 
said, if you speak or move I'll cut 
your throat. The girl called murder, 
and flew to the door, :.nd shoved one 
man out, and shut it. The man then 
seized the girl and cut her throat 
about an inch, gave a cut on her arm. 



and then knocked her down, after 
which he made his escape. Mr Pryor 
came down, but being in the dark, 
was alarmed, and went back for a 
light, and when he returned found a 
great many boots packed up to take 
away. 

Sarah Wilkins (the servant-maid 
above-mentioned) is declared out of 
danger. 

1 3th..— George Hatton and Moses 
Clark were, on Friday, apprehended 
byCollingbourn and Glennen, on sus- 
picion otbeing concerned in the out- 
rage at Mr Pryor's, on Sunday evening 
last. They underwent a long private 
examination before Mr Evance and 
Mr Hicks, at Union Hall, but, Sarah 
Wilkins still continuing in too weak 
a state to be confronted with them, 
they were commited for re-examina- 
tion. The parish of St Saviour has 
offered 501. reward for the apprehen- 
sion of any of the persons concerned 
in this atrocious outrage. 

Death of the Duke of Buc- 
CLEUCH. — His Grace the Duke of 
Buccleuch died at Dalkeith House 
on Saturday after a short illness. — 
His Grace was Duke of Buccleuch 
and Queensberry, Marquis of Dum- 
fries-shire, Earl of Dalkeith, San- 
quhar, and Drumlanrig, Viscount 
Nith, Torthowald, and Ross, Lord 
Scot of Eskdale, Douglass of Kin- 
mount, Middlebie, and Dornock : — 
Also Earl of Doncaster and Lord 
Tynedale in England, Knight of the 
Garter, Lord Lieutenant of the coun- 
ties of Edinburgh and Roxburgh- 
shire, Governor of the Royal Bank 
of Scotland, &c. His grace was born 
in 1746, and succeeded his grandfa- 
ther in 1752. He was the only son 
of Francis, Earl of Dalkeith, by Lady 
Caroline Campbell, eldest daughter 
of John, the Great Duke of Argyle. 
In 1767, his grace married Elizabeth 



Jan. 14.] 



CHRONICLE. 



Montagu, only daughter of the last 
Duke of Montagu, by whom he has 
issue, Charles William, now Duke 
of Buccleuch and Queensberry, and 
Henry James, Lord Montagu, and 
four daughters, viz. the Countess of 
Courtown, Countess of Home, Mar- 
chioness of Queensberry, and Coun- 
tess of Ancram ; all of whom have 
families. His grace is succeeded in 
his titles and estates by his eldest son, 
Charles William, Earl of Dalkeith, 
who married Harriet, daughter of the 
late Viscount Sydney, and has seve- 
ral children. His grace succeeded at 
an early age to a princely fortune, 
which gave him the means of indul- 
ging his natural disposition to public 
spirit and private liberality ; to which 
purposes, accordingly, a considerable 
part of his immense funds were known 
to be applied. He was exceedingly 
affable m his manners ; and, what de- 
serves to be recorded of a person so 
greatly exalted both in rank and for- 
tue, was a real friend to the poor. As 
a landlord, his liberality was well 
known ; he was easy of access, and 
always ready to take an active part 
in any scheme of benevolence and hu- 
manity. 

Lieutenant Hamilton Crof- 
TON. — At the Portsmouth Sessions, 
which commenced on Wednesday 
last, a true bill was found against Mr 
Hamilton Crofton, for purloining 
sundry articles of value from Mr 
Bradbury, and some gentlemen, at 
the inns in Portsmouth. Mr C. was 
accordingly put upon his trial ; but, 
on the prosecutor being called, no- 
body appeared in support of the in- 
dictment, and he was consequently 
acqintteci. 

14. — Edinburgh — High Court 
OF Justiciary — Yesterday came on 
the trial of Alexander Cain, "ho.!- O'- 
Kane, accused of having, on the even- 



ing of the 11th of October (the day 
on which Anderson and Menzies, two 
thieves, were executed at Stirling, by 
sentence of the Circuit Court of Jus- 
ticiary), with one or more persons, 
attacked, in the town of Stirling, Ar- 
chibald Stewart, cattle-dealer in Dal- 
spidle, who had just arrived from Fal- 
kirk Tryst, where he had received a 
sum of money, and of having struck 
and wounded him severely on the 
head, and other parts of the body, to 
the effusion of his blood, and loss of 
his senses for the time, and of robbing 
him of one thousand and ten pounds 
sterling, chiefly in notes of the Fal- 
kirk Bank Company. 

After the jury were sworn in, the 
counsel for the prisoner stated an ob- 
jection, that the notes of the Falkirk 
Banking Company, charged in the In- 
dictment as taken from the prisoner, 
were not lodged in due time in the 
hands of the clerk of Justiciary, to 
be shewn to the prisoner's counsel. 
The court repelled the objection.— 
The witnesses were then examined for 
the crown. 

Sir Thomas Kirkpatrick, Bart. 
Sheriff-depute of the shire of Dum- 
fries, swore, that the notes cf the Fal- 
kirk Banking Company exhibited, 
were taken from the person of the 
prisoner, in a small public-house in 
the town of Dumfries ; some of them 
were concealed near the waistband of 
his breeches ; and also two twenty- 
pound notes, which he endeavoured 
to conceal in his hand, while they 
were searching him, and severalothers 
were found concealed in the chimiiey 
of the room where he was. — Sir 
Thomas, and WiUiam Rae, Esq. 
Sheriff-depute of the shire of Edin- 
burgh, identified the declarationsemit- 
ted by the prisoner, some of which 
he refused to sign unless. they were 
written over again and altered. 



10 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jan. 17. 



Archibald Stewart, cattle-dealer, 
cwore, that being upon the streets of 
Stirling, upon the evening of the 11th 
of October, he saw three or four men 
coming up, one of whom was a big 
man ; that he was immediately knock- 
ed down and robbed of the money li- 
belled upon, and that he was much 
cut and bruised by a blow on the 
head, which bled very much, and ren- 
dered him senseless ; when the money 
was taken from him, he heard them 
say, " lay to him.'*j 

He acknowledged that he had been 
drinking drams on his way to Stir- 
ling, and after he arrived there, but 
was not intoxicated, and knew very 
well what he was about. This wit- 
ness not understanding the English 
language well, was examined in Gae- 
lic by a gentleman who was sworn to 
interpret faithfully the answers he 
made. 

Some witnesses proved Stewart's 
getting the Falkirk notes libelled, at 
the Falkirk market, on the 11th. 

Other witnesses swore, that the pri- 
soner was at Falkirk Tryst on the 
9th and 10th of October, when he 
was considered as a very suspicious 
character, and that he was at Stirling 
on the 11th, when the robbery was 
committed, and was seen passing the 
house, near to which Stewart was 
knocked down and robbed, about the 
time of the robbery. He was traced 
to Edinburgh, and from thence to 
Dumfries, and he had changed 201. 
notes of the Falkirk Bank, at several 
public-houses on the road. He was 
apprehended at Dumfries, and the 
Falkirk notes found in his possession, 
as above-mentioned, by Sir T. Kirk- 
patrick. 

The several declarations of the pri- 
soner were then read, which were very 
contradictory. 

The Lord Advocate addressed t^e 
1 



jury for the crown, at considerable 
length, in a very able speech, as did 
J. H. M'Kenzie, Esq. for the pri- 
soner. 

The Lord Justice Clerk summed 
up the evidence with his usual can- 
dour and abihty, and the jury were 
ordered to return their verdict the 
next day at one o'clock. The court 
accordingly met this day, when the 
jury returned their verdict, all in one 
voice finding the pannel guilt i/ ; and, 
after a suitable address from the Lord 
Justice Clerk, he was sentenced to 
be executed at Stirhng, on Friday, 
the 21 St of February next. 

17th — Nottingham. — On Satur- 
day last a number of men, supposed 
not less than forty, disguised m va- 
rious ways, and armed with pistols, 
Sec. proceeded to the house of Mr 
Benson ; and, after sentinels had been 
placed at all the neighbours' doors, 
and the avenues leading to it, about 
eight entered ; and some of them, 
drove the family into the pantry, 
with threats of immediate death, if 
they created the least alarm, with 
the exception of one woman, who 
was expected every hour to fall i^\ 
travail, and she was permitted to re- 
main in the parlour ; the rest pro- 
ceeded into the work- shop, and de- 
molished the eight frames in about 
as many minutes. They escaped 
without detection. On Monday 
evening, about six o'clock, eight 
men entered the house of Mr Noble, 
at New Radford, in various disguises, 
and armed with different instruments ; 
while one remained below to take 
care of Mrs Noble, the others pro- 
ceeded up stairs to demohsh four 
warp lace frames, because they were 
making what is called two course hole. 
In vain Mr Noble informed them that 
he was receiving eightpence a yard 
more than the standing price. " It 



Jan. 17.1 



CHRONICLE. 



11 



was not the price," they said, " but 
the sort of net that they objected 
to ;" and he was forced out of bis 
frame with the blow of a sword, 
which narrowly missed his head, and 
which cut asunder nearly the whole 
of the threads across his frames. The 
screams of his wife, (which a severe 
blow on the head with the butt-end 
of a pistel could not still) brought 
him down to her assistance, where he 
found a neighbour, who had come in 
at the backdoor to their aid, and who, 
in conjunction with Mr Noble, sei- 
zed one of the men in the house, and 
attempted to disarm him; but he find- 
ing himself in danger, called out "Ned 
Ludd, when his companions rushed 
down stairs, before they had demo- 
lished the fourth frame, to his rescue ; 
and in the scuffle, one of them snap- 
ped a pistol, which happily missed 
fire. When their companion was li- 
berated, they found the door fast ; 
but they cut it in pieces in a few se- 
conds, and forced their way through 
a collected crowd, threatening de- 
struction to any one who should at- 
tempt to oppose them.^The house 
of Mr Slater, of New Radford, was 
also entered late on Tuesday night ; 
the first man presenting a drawn 
sword to his breast when he opened 
the door, suspecting it had been his 
own apprentice who wanted to come 
in ; but the depredators contented 
themselves with cutting the warp 
asunder on the beam of the frame, 
and with taking away the wheels 
which are necessary to the formation 
of the two-course hole mesh. The 
same night two plain cotton frames 
were broken at Sneinton ; their hold- 
ers being charged with working at 
an abated price. On Saturday se'n- 
night a hay- stack was burnt at Bol- 
well ; and we have just learnt that 
two frameS; belonging to a hosier in 



this town, were last ni?ht broken in 
th:: parish of v'.'esrhailam, in Derby- 
shire. A picquet of an hundred men 
now parades the streets of Netting- 
ham, in separate parlies, headed by 
the civil authorities, every night. 

The spirit of not that has so long 
afflicted the town and neighbourhood 
of Nottingham, is said to have ex- 
tended to Leeds. On Wednesday 
night last, at nine o'clock, the ma- 
gistrates were suddenly convened, 
and were informed that within about 
two hours an attack was to be made 
by a number of persons on some pre- 
mises at Shipscar, where the dressing 
machinery, introduced about twelve 
months since, had been established. 
After a few minutes consultation, the 
troops of horse quartered in the town 
were ordered out, and proper means 
were employed to a'isemble the civil 
power. It was stated, that the men 
to be concerned in the outrage were 
to have their faces blackened, and to 
be armed with short hammers. At 
the time appointed, a number of per- 
sons were seen passing and repassing 
the spot ; but they seemed to have 
taken the alarm, and not to be dis- 
posed to collect for the accomplish- 
ment of theif design. In this situa- 
tion, the purpose being apparently 
abandoned for the night, one of them 
was seized at the bridge, when a 
hammer and a large piece of burnt 
cork were found upon him. — Hewaa 
conducted to York Castle. 

The following is a summary of the 
comparative statement of the popula- 
tion of Great Britain in the years 
1801 and 181 1 , ordered by the House 
of Commons to be printed, January 
17th, 1812:^ 

POPULATION, 1801. 
Males. Females. Total. 
England, 3 987,935 4,343,499 8,331 434 
Wales, i;57^:S 284 303 541,J4(5 



12 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, I8I2. [Jan. 18—20. 



Males. Females. Total. 

Scotland, 734,581 864,487 1,599,068 

^^^y-' I 470,598 . 470,598 

navy, &c. J ' 



Total, 



5,450,292 5,492,354 10,942,646 
POPULATION, 1811. 



Males. Females. 
England, 4,555,257 4,944,143 
Wales, 289,414 317,966 

Scotland, 825,377 979,487 



^'■'"y' ?640,50a 
navy, &c. y 



navy, 
Total, 



Total. 
9,499,400 

607,380 
1,804,864 

640,500 



6,310,548 6,241,596 12,352,144 
INCREASE. ^ 

England, - - - 1,167,966 
Wales, - - - 65,834 

Scotland, - - - 208,180 

Army, nary, &c. - 169,902 

Total, 1,614,882 

Windsor Castle, January 18. 
His majesty has had a considerable 
increase of his disorder within the last 
week. (Signed) H. Halford. 

M. Baillie. 

W. Heberden. 

J. Willis. 

R. Willis. 
20th. — Old Bailey.— On Satur- 
day the court was greatly crowded in 
order to witness the trial of Mr Ben- 
jamin Walsh, charged with having 
stolen from Sir Thomas Plomer a 
sum of money to a considerable 
amount. The prisoner, on his en- 
trance into the court, was much af- 
fected, and it was some time before 
the trial, owing to his extreme agita- 
tion, commenced. The circumstances 
attending this affair having been al- 
ready fully detailed, we deem it un- 
necessary to enter into the mass of 
evidence adduced on the occasion, 
and which was precisely similar. Mr 
Walsh was allowed theindulgence of a 
chair, whici' he gladly accepted. Du- 
ring the whi. le of the trial Mr Walsh 
scarcely held up his head, but kept 
6 



his hands before his face, as if torn 
with the greatest anguish of mind. 

The prosecution was conducted by 
Mr Garrow, and the prisoner's de- 
fence by Mr Scarlet. 

The Chief Baron then addressed the 
jury. It appeared, he said, that the 
prisoner had, a long time previous to 
his receiving the check from Sir 
Thomas Plomer, bespoke the pur- 
chase of some American stock. It 
also appeared that the prisoner had 
purchased several articles of dress, 
stockings, &c. alleging his intention 
of going out of town ; and it also ap- 
peared, that as soon as the check was 
received and the purchase of the 
stock completed, he left London with 
the hope of quitting the country and 
of settling in America. Should these 
circumstances be sufficient to show 
that the prisoner had anticipated the 
scheme of defrauding Sir Thomas 
Plomer, and arranged his plans ac- 
cordingly, the jury would say he was 
guilty. On the other hand, should 
they consider the evidence not con- 
clusive, they would instantly acquit 
him. , 

The jury consulted for about five 
minutes, and returned a verdict of 
Guilty, leaving a point of law for the 
judges to decide whether guilty of 
felony or a misdemeanour. 

Loss OF THE St George and De- 
fence. — Two mails from Anholt 
have arrived, which, we lament to 
state, bring certain intelligence of the 
loss of his Majesty's ships St George 
and Defence. By accounts from 
Copenhagen, of the 31st ultimo, it 
appears that they were stranded on 
the morning of the 24th of Decem- 
ber, on the west coast of Jutland, in 
the district of Ringkooping. In half 
an hour after she struck, the Defence 
went in pieces, and only five seamen 



Jan. 22—27.] 



CHRONICLE. 



13 



and one marine were saved. The de- 
struction of the St George was less 
speedy than that of her ill-fated con- 
sort, as in the afternoon of the fol- 
lowing day, a number of people were 
observed from the shore, standing on 
her cabin and stern-frame. A part of 
the crew got on a piece of the mast 
which was cut away, but owing to 
the violence of the wind, waves, and 
current, it was supposed that very few 
could have escaped. Some attempt- 
ed to save themselves on a raft, but 
they are reported to have perished. 
According to the accounts which had 
reached Copenhagen, of 1400 men, 
of whom the crews consisted, only 
eighteen were saved ! The admiral, 
and the captain of the St George, 
and Captain Atkins, of the Defence, 
with all the officers of the two ships, 
perished. These fatal shipwrecks are 
stated to have taken place 600 yards 
from the shore, and the seamen saved 
from the Defence, attributed their ca- 
tastrophe to the misfortune which be- 
fel the St George, in the loss of her 
masts, during a previous gale, as is 
already known to our readers. In 
her helpless state, the Defence and 
Cressy were appointed to protect her. 
It was fatal to the former ; the Cressy 
is safe. 

22d.— Corn Exchange.— To-day 
we have considerable further arrivals 
of wheat, and the trade again heavy 
in sales at lower prices ; barley like- 
wise lower excepting fine ; malt and 
white pease scarcely keep their price, 
as also beans of each description ; we 
likewise have considerable fresh arri- 
vals of oats, and this trade is quoted 
cheaper — Flour, heavy sale at Mon- 
day's reduction of 5s. per sack, and 
very few sales at the late price. 

Wheat 515 70s to 100s 

Finedo 106s to 112s 

Rye 50s to 553 



Barley ^ . . 34s to 48ti 

Fine. OOs to OOs 

Malt .*. 74s to 84s 

White Pease OOs to OOs 

Boilers 76s to 82s 

Grey do 548 to 60s 

Beans 48s to 54s 

Tick do. (new) 408 to 478 

Do. (fine old) 46s to tin 

Oats 24s 28s to 30s 

Poland do .....32s to 35s 6d 

Potatoe do 37s to S8s 

FineFlour 90s to 95$ 

Second 80s to 90s 

Rape Seed 60lto 651. 

25th.— On Saturday the two arch- 
bishops, the Duke of Montrose, the 
Earl of Aylesford, and Earl Win- 
chelsea, held a council at Windsor, 
and examined the king's physicians. 
The report was, that the agitation of 
his majesty's mind continued with 
very little abatement of violence un- 
til Wednesday week, when it subsi- 
ded, and his majesty has been much 
more composed ever since. — The bul- 
letin which the physicians signed is 
as follows :— . 

Windsor Castlet January 25. 

His majesty is nearly in the same 
state in which he was previous to the 
late increase of his disorder. 

(Signed) H. Halford. 
M. Baillie. 
W. Heberden- 
J. Willis. 
R. Willis. 

27th. — Lord Wellington invested 
Ciudad Rodrigo on the 8th. The 
enemy had increased the difficulty of 
approaching the place by a strong re- 
doubt constructed on the Hill of St 
Francisco. It was necessary to at- 
tempt to take it ; it was stormed on 
the night of the &th by a detachment 
of the light division, led by Lieut.- 
Col. Colborn. The work was carried 
in the most brilliant manner, and all 
the garrison either killed or takeq. 
Our loss was only six men killed; 



14 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jan. 28. 



Capt. Main and Lieut. Woodgate of 
the 52d, and Lieut. Hawkesley, of 
the 95th, with 14 men wounded. By 
thissuccess Lord Wellington has been 
enabled to break ground within 600 
yards of the place, the redoubt of St 
Francisco being converted into a part 
of the first parallel. 

General Hill entered Merida on 
the 30th December. He had hoped 
to surprise General Dombrowski, but 
his approach was discovered by a pa- 
trole. The French general retreat- 
ed from Merida, leaving magazines of 
bread and wheat, and several unfinish- 
ed works. On the 1st, General Hill 
marched to attack Drouet's coi-ps d'- 
armee at Almgndrelgo, but the ene- 
my retreated to Zafra, abandoning 
450,000 pounds of wheat, &c. 

On the 3d, a detachment of our 
cavalry beat a body of the enemy's 
horse at Puenco del Maltro, taking 
two officers and thirty men prisoners. 
Gen. Drouet retreating to Llerena. 
Gen. Hill found it useless to pursue 
him, and returned on the 5th Jan. to 
Merida. 

28lh — Capt. O'Donahue, aide- 
de camp to Col. Skcrret, arrived this 
morning, with dispatches from Ma- 
jor-General Cook, and Colonel Sker- 
rett, containing the satisfactory in- 
telligence of the complete repulse of 
a strong detachment of the French 
army under Victor, in an attempt to 
take TariflPa by storm, on the 31st 
December, and that on the morning 
of the 4th January the whole of the 
French army retreated from before 
that place, leaving in possession of 
the allied troops the whole of the ar- 
tillery, ammunition, and stores. 

The French force employed under 
Marshal Victor, in the attempt to re- 
duce Tariffa, appears to have consisted 
of 10,000 men, and the aUied force 
apposed to them not more than 1000 



British, 700 or 800 Spanish troops. 
Colonel Skerrett speaks in the strong- 
est terms of the admirable conduct of 
the troops under his command. He 
particularly p raises Colonel Lord Pro- 
by, second in command, and Lieut. - 
Col. Gough, of the 2d battalion 37th 
regiment, and Captain Smith of the 
Royal Engineers. 

The British loss consists of two 
officers, Lieut. Longly, R. E. and 
Lieut. Hall, 2d batt. 47th, and 7 
rank and file killed : — Three officers, 
Lieut. Hill, 2d batt. 47th, Lieute- 
nant CfirriU and Ensign Waller, 2d 
batt. 87th, and 24 rank and file 
wounded. 

The late Lord Newton, whose 
death was announced in our Register 
for 1811, was descended of the Hays 
of Rannes, one of the most ancient 
branches of the family of Hay. He 
was born in the year 1747, and was 
called to the bar in 1769. He had so 
thoroughly studied the principles of 
the profession on which he now en- 
tered, that he used often to say, 
*' that he was as good a lawyer at that 
time as he ever was at any future pe- 
riod." His strong natural abilities, 
assisted with such preparation for bu- 
siness, could not fad to attract notice, 
and he became soon distinguished for 
his acuteness, his learning, and his 
profound knowledge of law. It was 
remarkable of him, that he always ap- 
peared as much versed in the common 
and daily practice of the court, and 
even in those minute forms that are 
little known, except to the inferior 
fyractitioners, as in the higher branch- 
es of legal knowledge, that are only 
understood by the greatest lawyers. 
The great simplicity of character 
which he carried with him through 
the whole of life, was no wJiere more 
conspicuous than in his appearances at 
the baf. His pleadings exhibited a 



Jan. 30.] 



CHRONICLE. 



15 



plain and fair statement of the facts, 
a profound and accurate exposition 
of the law, and very acute and solid 
rea8onin;.'s on both ; but there was 
an entire absence of every thing mere- 
ly ornamental, and especially of those 
little arts by which a speaker often 
tries to turn the attention of his au- 
ditors on himself. He seemed full of 
the cause in which he was engaged, 
and not a word escaped which could 
lead any one to imagine that the 
thoughts of the orator were ever 
turned to his own performance. 

Though his reputation continued 
always to increase, he practised at the 
bar without obtaining any prefer- 
ment till the beginning of the year 
1806, when, on the death of the late 
Lord Methven, he was appointed a 
Judge of the Supreme Court, by the 
ministry of which Mr Fox was a mem- 
ber, and was the only judge in the 
Court of Session appointed while 
that great statesman was in power ; 
a distinction on which he always pro- 
fessed to set a high value. 

Lord Newton's talents never ap- 
peared to greater advantage than af- 
ter he took his seat on the bench. 
As a lawyer, the opinions he gave 
were probably never surpassed for 
their acuteness, discrimination, and 
solidity ; and, as a judge, he now 
shewed that all this was the result of 
such a rapid and easy application of 
the principles of law, as appeared 
more like the effect of intuition than 
of study and laborious exertion. The 
clearest and most comprehensive view 
of every question seemed naturally to 
present itself, and his opinions, at the 
same time that they were readily and 
-decisively formed, were considered, 
by professional men, as being per- 
haps less liable to error than those of 
any other judge who has appeared in 
our time, He was unremitting in 



his exei'tions, and it is certain that, - 
for his dispatch of business, and the 
correctness of his judgment. Lord 
Newton has been rarejy excelled. 

In his political sentiments. Lord 
Newton was an ardent and steady 
Whig. Owing to the great openness 
and sincerity of his character, and the 
entire absence of the least approach to 
art or duplicity, he passed through a 
period remarkable for the hostility 
which political opinions engendered, 
with fewer personal enemies than anjr 
other man equally unreserved in 
condemning the measures which he 
thought wrong, and equally inflexible, 
in supporting those which he thought 
right. 

In private life he was extremely 
amiable, and his social qualities, as 
well as his great worth, endeared him 
to his friends. He possessed an ex- 
traordinary fund of good humour, a 
disposition extremely playful, great 
simplicity of character, with the en- 
tire absence of vanity and affectation. 
A few pecuharities or little eccentri- 
cities, which he possessed, appeared 
with so good a grace, and in the com- 
pany of so many estimable qualities, 
that they only tended to render him 
more interesting to his friends. 

Lord Newton appeared to possess 
two characters that are but rarely 
united together. Those who saw 
him only on the bench were naturally 
led to think that his whole time and 
thoughts had, for his whole life, been 
voted to the laborious study of the 
law. Those, on the other hand, who 
saw him in the circle of his friends, 
when form and austerity were laid 
aside, could not easily conceive that 
he had not passed his life in the in- 
tercourse of society. With great 
gentleness and kindness of heart, he 
had a manly and firm mind. He had 
hardly any feeling of personal danger, 



16 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jan. 30. 



and he seemed to despise pain, to 
which he was a good deal exposed in 
the last years of his life. He was a 
man of great bodily strength, and, till 
the latter years of his life, when he be- 
came very corpulent, of great activity. 
He was never married, and the 
hrge fortune which he left is inherit- 
ed by his only sister, Mrs Hay Mu- 
die, for whom he always entertained 
the greatest esteem and affection. 

Agricultural REPORT.^~-The 
dry weather through the month has 
proved very favourable ; the young 
plants of wheat, in most counties, 
hold a good colour, and wear, in 
other respects, a promising appear- 
ance. A considerable extent of 
droad beans have already been got 
in by the drill and dibble in Kent, 
Essex, and Suffolk. The markets 
for bread corn have been fortunately 
kept down from the large importa- 
tions of foreign flour, of which there 
is a considerable supply on hand. 
The potatoe crops turn out abundant, 
and, from the mildness of the wmter, 
have kept better than has been known 
for several years past. The turnip 
counties continue to abound in seed. 
The hay markets have experienced 
but little variation. — Smithfield, and 
most of the principal cattle marts, 
have been well supplied through the 
month, but, in some, advances in 
price, particularly for veal, house 
lamb, and pig -pork, have taken place. 
Some droves of lean beasts have come 
up from the north into Leicester- 
shire and other central counties, and, 
from the openness of the weather, 
have sold high. 

Fashions. — Half-Dress. — Ahigh 
Roman round robe of stone colour, 
or pale olive cloth, embroidered in a 
variegated chenille border ; long 
sleeves finished at the wrist to corres- 



pond, and lined with pink sarsnet. 
Pomeranian mantle of silk, the colour 
of the robe, and finished with deep 
Chinese silk fringe. Cap of black 
or coloured velvet, ornamented with 
a rich silk tassel, and curled ostrich 
feathers, placed towards the left side. 
High standing collar of muslin or net, 
edged with lace or needle-work, ri- 
sing above the robe at the throat.— 
Pink embroidered ridicule. Gloves 
a pale lemon colour, and half-boots 
of pink kid, trimmed with narrow 
sable fur. 

Carriage or Polish tualking Cos- 
tume. A plain cambric morning 

robe, with high collar, trimmed with 
lace. — A polish demi-pelisse, of fine 
Lama or Merino cloth, richly em- 
broidered up the front, on the bot- 
tom, collar, and cuffs. Pelerine to 
correspond, finished with a long silk 
tassel. Canonical cap of sable, op- 
penoch, or other tastefully contrast- 
ed fur, embellished and finished with 
gold band and tassel. Ridicule of 
rose-coloured velvet, with gold lion 
snap. Gloves of pale Limerick or 
York tan. Roman half-boots of buff- 
coloured kid. 

Promenade Costume An high 

dress of tartan plaid, made of sarse- 
net or Merino crape, trimmed round 
the bottom with white swansdown, 
and two rows of the same down the 
front, alternately relieved by a nar- 
row silk cord in loops, and buttons 
of a bright nakara colour with a belt 
to correspond. A mantle of dark 
Clarence blue Merino cloth, made 
with half sleeves of sarsenet, lined 
with amber sarsenet, and trimmed 
with swansdown ; Scottish cap of the 
same, with a trimming of swansdown 
next the face, and a full puffing of 
plaid ribband, to answer the dress 
above it. A plume of Clarence blue 
feathers tipped with amber. Gloves 



Feb. 1] 



CHRONICLE. 



17 



of York tan, and half boots of Cla- 
rence blue kid, faced with nukara. 

Evening Costume. A white or 

pearl colour gossamer satin gown, 
with a demi-train; fancy apron of the 
same ; the bottom of the gown and 
round the apron trimmed with a rich 
gold fringe of the Brandenburgh 
kind. A cap in the Persian form, of 
white satin, with ornaments of gold 
to correspond with the dress ; two 
gold tassels depending over the left 
ear, on the same side the head is adorn- 
ed with a plume of white ostrich fea- 
thers, and one light gold sprig. Small 
ear-ringsof pearl, with a^o/jVa/reneck- 
lace of the same ; the sleeves very 
short, fastened up in front, with gold 
button and loop ; the belt the same 
colour as the gown, with a superb 
gold ornament in front. White and 
gold fan ; kid gloves ; and white sa- 
tin Italian slippers, fringed with gold. 



FEBRUARY. 



1 st Edinburgh. — To the list 

of recent robberies, we have to add 
the following : — 

On Wednesday evening, betwixt 
six and seven o'ck)ck, a yoang gen- 
tleman, at the Mews-lane, end of 
Rose-street, near St Andrew's Square, 
was attacked by a man, who came 
suddenly behind him, and stabbed 
him with a sharp instrument in the 
breast, which slanted down upon the 
bone, and thereby providentially did 
not injure him greatly. The man 
then robbed him of his pocket-book, 
containing a ten pound note. His 
coat,vest, and shirt, were cut through 
on the left side, under the arm, but 
his person, we are glad to hear, was 
«ot injured. 

On the same night, between eight 

VOL. V. FART II. 



and ten o'clock, a parcel, containing 
about ten pounds of tobacco, was sto- 
len from off a counter in a shop in 
the Grass-market, by some boys who 
had been lurking about the door and 
waiting the opportunity of the shop- 
keeper going backward. 

A gentleman's house, in Hope 
Street, was attacked on Sunday night, 
betwixt eleven and twelve o'clock. 
The servant, hearing some person 
trying to open the back-door, went 
out, when he was knocked down by 
a man. After a severe struggle, the 
robber, hearing the other servants 
coming out to the assistance of their 
fellow- servant, made his escape over 
the wall, where another man wa» 
waiting for him. 

On Tuesday last, Grace Comrie^ 
a servant girl from Edinburgh, on 
her way, after the decease of her mis- 
tress, to her friends in Aberdeen, wa» 
stopped between the Crossgates and 
the Bridge of Earn, by a man and wo- 
man, who robbed her of her wages, 
amounting to 41. 15s. and also of a 
bundle containing some clothes. The 
man by his dialect appeared to be 
Irish, and had a horse to carry him- 
self and his companion. The girl 
applied for assistance at the first 
house she came to, but the state of 
the road prevented any attempt at 
pursuit. 

On Wednesday se'nnight, as Mr 
WiUiam Berry of Perth was return- 
ing from Dunning, after receiving 
some money, he was overtaken by 
two men near Pithcaveless, and ha- 
ving been passed by one of them, im- 
mediately received a blow on the 
hinder part of his head, and heard 
the person before him call to his as- 
sociate, " Knock him down '* This 
was instantly done, and at the same 
time a cut made across his breast^ 
which laying his breast pocket epsRj 



18 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Feb. S. 



his pocket-book fell out, and was sei- 
zed by the robbers, who afterwards 
took his watch, and the silver which 
he had in his pockets. He lost about 
71. Though stunned for a time, he 
soon recovered from the effects of this 
atrociousassaultjtheauthorsof which, 
we trust, will not escape the vigilance 
of justice. 

By a vessel arrived at Liverpool 
from Baltimore, American papers 
have been received to the 1st of Ja- 
nuary. They contain an account of 
a most terrible fire which happened 
at the theatre of Richmond, (Virgi- 
nia), on the 26th of December. The 
theatre was remarkably crowded, and 
the accident was occasioned by some 
sparks of fire communicating to the 
scenery. — The catastrophe was most 
dreadful. — A list of more than se- 
venty persons is given whose names 
are ascertained, and it is supposed 
that above sixty others have lost 
their lives who have not yet been re- 
cognized. All these unfortunate 
persons were burnt alive, or pressed 
to death in the crowd ! The whole 
city was in the greatest alarm and 
consternation. Amongst the names 
of the sufferers are, C W. Smith, 
Governor ; A- B. Venable, President 
of the Bank ; Miss Gwathmey, Miss 
Gatewood, Miss Clay, (daughter of 
Mr Clay, Member of Congress) ; and 
Mr John Welsh, nephew to Sir A. 
Pigott, late from England. 

8d. — On Wednesday the Thais, of 
' 20 guns. Captain Scorel, arrived at 
Portsmouth, from the coast of A- 
frica, of which she has taken an ex- 
tensive range, and where she captured 
several vessels trading for slaves, in 
violation of the Portuguese treaty : — 
thereby circumscribing that inhuman 
traffic, which, we are sorry to hear, 
continues 'to exist on a considerable 
•cale, under the Portuguese and Spa- 



nish flags. The Thais brings certain 
information respecting the fate of 
Mungo Parke, who, it appears, after 
the whole of his retinue, excepting 
one person, had died, was proceeding 
up a branch of the Niger, when, ha- 
ving given an unintentional offence to 
a native chief, he was assailed whilst 
in a canoe, passing a narrow arm of 
the river, and, leaping overboard with 
his European companion, to swim to 
shore, was drowned with him. The 
canoe upset, and nothing belonging 
to the travellers was presterved, nor 
did any one escape but some of the 
hired attendants. Colonel Maxwell, 
commanding at Goree, being desirous 
to ascertain the fate of this enterpri- 
sing traveller, engaged a native, pos- 
sessing more than ordinary intelli- 
gence, to trace his route ; and he re- 
turned, after being a long time ab- 
sent, with the lamented result, Just 
before the Thais sailed. Mr Parke's 
object, it will be remembered, was to 
visit the city of Tombuctoo, in the 
interior of Africa, from which, when 
he met his death, he was within 500 
miles. 

The country seat of General Mo- 
reau, near Trenton, America, was 
burnt down on the 24)th of Decem- 
ber. All the furniture was destroy- 
ed, and the general and his family es- 
caped the flames vrith some difficulty. 
The fire is supposed to have origina- 
ted in the hot-house. 

Coroner's Inquest. — ^Yesterday 
evening an inquest was held, at the 
Golden Anchor public-house, Lead- 
enhall-street, before Thomas Shelton, 
Esq. Coroner, upon the body of Mrs 
May, the wife of an ironmonger in 
Oxford-street, who was run over by 
a waggon on Tuesday afternoon, and 
killed on the spot. — The circumstan- 
ces of this melancholy event were 
briefly as follow :— Mr May had 



Fbb. 8.] 



CHRONICLE. 



19 



stopped in his gig at the door of the 
house lately occupied by the celebra- 
ted Dirty Dick, the ironmonger, to 
speak about some business with the 
present occupant. He left Mrs May 
in the vehicle, holding the reins until 
his return. Before, however, he com- 
pleted his business, a stage-coach co- 
ming quickly by, caught the off- wheel 
of the gig, overturned it, and threw 
Mrs May into the middle of the street, 
where a heavy waggon, which was 
passing at the same instant, went over 
her head and crushed out her brains. 
Her distracted husband came out of 
the house just time enough to be a 
spectator of the horrible scene. The 
lifeless body was immediately convey- 
ed to the Golden Anchor public- 
house, for the inquest of a jury. Mr 
and Mrs May were a young married 
couple, the latter not yet 20, and iii 
the seventh month of her pregnancy. 
The jury, after a patient and minute 
enquiry into the circumstances of the 
case, returned a verdict of-^Accident- 
al Death. 

5th. — TheJSt Geohge and the 
Defence. — Prom a Paris Paper of 
the 30^h ult. — The Journals of Jut- 
land are full of details, in part contra- 
dictory, relative to the shipwrecks of 
the St George and Defence. It is 
natural that these dreadful scenes, 
having only for witnesses the sailors 
and fishermen, inhabitants of the 
coasts, should be related in diiferent 
ways. Itis known that the St George 
carried 98 guns, 552 sailors, and 300 
marines. The crew of the Defence 
was 500 men in the whole ; ten men 
from the St George, and six from the 
Defence, are all that were saved ; 
1 295 individuals perished in the waves. 
The Defence, which was very old, 
struck the ground the first ; she made 
signals with blue lights, that she was 
lost without resource, and in a mo- 



ment afterwai'ds she went to pieces j 
what remained of her, however, couj 
tinned still visible, and lying bottom 
upwards, Ivad at a distance the ap- 
pearance of a church. Capt^ Atkins 
got alive to land, with six sailors^ 
but expired a few moments after. 
The St George let go her anchors, 
but the violence of the wind drovd 
her on the shore^ aad the furious 
waves rolled over her without being 
able to break her, as she was of a 
very strong construction. This cir- 
cumstance served only to prolong the 
sufferings of this unhappy crew.— 
During the whole day of the 25th, 
from four to five hundred men werer 
seen clinging to the lofty deck of the 
vessel. It was impossible to come 
to their assistance, on account of tte 
storm and unexampled agitation of 
the sea. On a sudden these men di*» 
appeared, and it was thought they 
had been carried away by a wave ; 
but, according to the account of one 
of the ten sailors. Admiral Reynolds, 
conceiving all succour impossible, had 
thrown himself in despair into the sea, 
and been followed by the greater part 
of the crew. Those who remained 
endeavoured to tie one another to 
pieces of wood, masts, and yards ; at 
length they threw themselves into 
the sea, and attempted to gain the 
shore, distant 300 toises, but, with 
the exception of ten, they were all 
drowned, or crushed to death by the 
beating fragments of the wreck. The 
secretary of Admiral Reynolds got 
to land, but expired immediately front 
fatigue and cold. There was found 
on him the portrait of his wife, with 
her address in London, and a note/ 
requesting those who might find his 
body to inform her of his unhappy 
fate. A child, eight years oW, got 
on shore safe, fastened to a large 
piece of timber. His father and roo" 



8 



20 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Feb. S. 



therwere on board the Defence: they 
followed him with their eyes, and 
when they saw him reach the land 
alive, they threw themselves into the 
waves, and died together ! — Four 

funs and 47 barrels of gunpowder 
ave been got from the Defence, and 
it is expected that a part of the St 
George will be saved. 

A gentleman wholeft Gottenburgh 
on Thursday last, states, that the body 
of Admiral Reynolds, who was lost 
in the St George, has been found, 
and that the King of Denmark had 
ordered it to be brought to Copen- 
hagen, where it is to be put into a 
leaden coffin and conveyed to Eng- 
land. 

Exeter. — A most extraordinary 
circumstance occurred in this city on 
Monday night last, which has excited 
the greatest wonder among the inha- 
bitants. About nine o'clock, as the 
carriage of J. Williams, Esq. bank- 
er, of this city, was going from Col- 
leton Crescent to the theatre, just as it 
passed the Friars in the middle of the 
public road, the off horse sunk into 
the earth, and in an instant disappear- 
ed ; the alarm the coachman was in we 
cannot describe, who, trembling for 
tvhat was to follow, leaped from the 
coach- box, called for assistance, and 
immediately cut the traces, when se- 
veral persons assembled, and disco- 
vered that the animal had fallen into 
a large and tremendous old well, of 
about ninety feet deep, which some 
years since had been arched over in 
a most careless manner, with only a 
single brick, thinly covered with 
earth, and totally neglected, since it 
became a public road. The late wet 
weather had so penetrated the brick- 
work as to cause it, with the shaking 
of the carriage, to give way in a mo- 
ascnt. Having obtained a light, it 



was perceived the horse stuck fast 
about twenty feet down, and with 
great difficulty was drawn up alive 
to the mouth of the well, when un- 
fortunately the rope broke, and the 
poor creature was with dreadful ve- 
locity dashed down to the bottom, 
to rise no more alive, as it was pulled 
up dead four hours after. 

Dublin. Court of King's 

Bench. — Catholic Delegates. — The 
attorney-general announced this day, 
that it was not his intention to pro- 
ceed to trial against any of the other 
catholic delegates. He moved that 
Mr Kirwan be brought up to-mor- 
row, and that there shall be a nolo 
prosequi entered relative to the other 
persons concerned in violating the 
Convention Act. 

6th. Kirvvan's Sentence. — 

This day Thomas Kirwan appeared 
in court to hear judgment pronounced. 
Shortly after the judges had taken 
their seats, Mr Justice Day address- 
ed him to the following effect : — 

** Thomas Kirwan, you have been 
tried on an indictment founded upon 
a statute, the 33d of the king, com- 
monly called the Convention Act, 
for having voted and acted at an 
election of delegates, to represent the 
Roman Catholic inhabitants of the 
parish of St Mary's, in this city, in a 
general committee of the cathohcs of 
Ireland. After a patient and dispas- 
sionate hearing you have been con- 
victed upon clear, conclusive, and un- 
controverted evidence. The persons 
entrusted with your defence had in- 
deed themselves admitted the fact 
charged, for instead of contradicting 
or controverting it, they resorted to 
three different modes of avoiding a 
direct issue, namely, 1st, to a chal- 
lenge of the array, which, after a dis- 
cussion of two days, had been foundt^ 



Feb. 6.] 



CHRONICLE. 



21 



to be faise and ungrounded ; second- 
ly to an unavailing and irrelevant 
cross-examination ; and, lastly, to 
avoiding the merits of the case, by 
resting upon a certain point of vari- 
ance, which, when referred to the de- 
cision of the twelve judges, had been 
without hesitation pronounced per- 
fectly futile and untenable. 

" The act for which you have been 
found guilty has been declared by the 
legislature a high misdemeanour ; not 
because it is contrary to any princi- 
ples of religion, morality, or justice, 
but for its political character and ten- 
dency. The statute has declared, 
that all representations by delegation 
are unlawful. Such is the precaution 
of the statute, that it proceeds to ar- 
rest them in their earliest steps to- 
wards acting in pursuance of their ap- 
pointment, and the very publishing 
of a notice of their meeting, before 
any possible knowledge could be had 
of their transactions, is pronounced a 
high misdemeanour. Neither pre- 
tence nor no pretence forms an ob- 
ject for consideration ; the construc- 
tion and constitution of the meeting 
is what the legislature has pointed its 
attention to, and not the object or 
purpose. 

*' It is not, sir, the province of the 
bench to vindicate the acts of the le- 
gislature, but it would be easy to 
•show that no hardship is imposed by 
the statute. It restrains both pro- 
testants and catholics ; yet, by a su- 
perabundance of caution, it saves the 
sacred right of petition, as established 
at the glorious Revolution by the fa- 
mous Bill of Rghts. This all of his 
majesty's subjects here enjoy, whether 
protestants or catholics, in the same 
spirit and purity in which it is enjoy- 
ed by the subjects in England. I 
thall never, for my part, wisa to move 



in a larger sphere of liberty than that 
enlightened and brave people are sa- 
tisfied with. Whether a jealous ad- 
herence to old maxims of civil free- 
dom, or an enthusiasm in search of 
new additions to their rights and pri- 
vileges pervaded the whole popula- 
tion of that great and respectable na- 
tion, in their wildest excesses, a con- 
vention such as that which had lately 
agitated this country, had never been 
known amongst them. This species 
of public assembly is the peculiar 
growth of Ireland. It is superfluous 
to point out how much it is in its na* 
ture calculated to produce mischief 
to overawe the legislature, and to 
controul the deliberations of parlia- 
ment. Such has been the convention 
of 1793, such has been the volunteer 
association of 1782, and such has 
been a memorable convention of an 
earlier period, which was composed 
precisely of the same mambers as the 
convention, whose acts have lately 
occupied so much of the public at- 
tention, composed of peers, prelates* 
and commoners. An assembly of this 
description must by an easy and na- 
tural transition degenerate from pu- 
rity of action and intention into a 
perfectly seditious association. I am 
fully aware of the high honour and 
public virtue of several characters 
who had formed members of the late 
committee. I am persuaded that if 
ever they would be betrayed into a 
violation of the provisions of the con- 
stitution, they would err innocently. 
But it is the nature of man, when he 
passes the boundary of the law, to 
forget his legitimate motives, and to 
launch into excesses from which his 
head and his heart would at first re- 
coil. When those excesses are not 
countrouled, they soon acquire com- 
itiand and dominion ; all the mischief 



28 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Feb. 6. 



V0U3 and delusive passions rise to the 
top like chaff, while those of intrin- 
sic value and merit sink to the bot- 
tom and are lost. Under those im- 
pressions the government of this 
country stepped out to interfere with 
the proceedings of the catholic com- 
mittee. Their energy and vigilance 
have Hot been more laudable thaa 
their moderation and conciliatory 
•exertions have been praise-worthy. 
When their object had been effected, 
the Attorney General had seized an 
opportunity of indulging the mild 
impulse of his nature | and he entered 
a nolo prosequi in all other actions, 
convinced that the loyalty and obe- 
dience of the catholics of Ireland will 
tow with respect to the law. 

" It is fair to say, that the Roman 
Catholics did not wilfully violate the 
provisions of an act upon which able 
and virtuous lawyers had entertained 
jjiuch doubt. The transactions here- 
tofore are therefore consigned to ob- 
livion ; but henceforward things must 
}je otherwise. No subject, protea- 
tant or catholic, can any more vio- 
late the law by inadvertence or from 
want of knowledge, therefore a trans- 
gression must necessarily be visited 
with rigour and severity. 

•♦ Give me leave, sir, to recommend 
to the consideration of the catholics 
of Ireland, the sage counsel of the So- 
icitor- General, one of their beat 
friends. I am convinced with him 
that the catholic committee has been 
the most pernicious enemy that ca- 
tholic emancipation ever saw. It 
had diverted the public mind from 
the great and material qnestion, and 
effe^te-'J no good. Emancipation can- 
not be legally discussed except in 
parliament. It is not by trampling 
upon the law that its objects can be 
effected. — It is not by intemperance 
that bigotry can be conciliated j it is 



not by violence that the legislature 
can be persuaded that the claims of 
the catholics are just. The Solicitor- 
General's fascinating display of all 
that was great in the mind or brilliant 
in fancy will not be unavaiUng ; I do 
not only not despair that the catholic 
committee will profit by^it, but I en- 
tertain the most sanguine hopes that 
it will be serviceable to the entire 
kingdom. The act shall resume its 
vigorous operation ; it shall awake 
from its long slumbering, and in fu- 
ture remain vigilant ; the catholics 
will bow to it— they were heretofore 
only ignorant of its force. Under 
these impressions, and imitating the 
mild demeanour of the Attorney-Ge- 
neral, the court mean to punish you 
with only a nominal penalty. 

*« I cannot conclude, sir, without 
reprobating in strong terras, some 
scandalous practices which you have 
been guilty of upon your trial, espe- 
cially the transaction of the affidavit, 
with which you had sought to throw 
an unfounded imputation on a most 
respectable gentleman in the jury- 
box. Having discharged the duty 
that devolved on me, I shall pronounce 
the sentence of the court, and that is, 
that you Thomas Kirwan do pay a 
fine of a mark, and then be dischar- 
ged." 

Mr Kirwan bowed and retired. 

London. — At nine o'clock last 
night, the Park and Tower guns an- 
nounced the important intelligence 
that Ciudad Rodrigo was taken by 
«torm on the 19th ult. The dis- 
patches from Lord Wellington arri- 
ved about 7 o'clock. They were 
brought by one of his lordship's 
aide-de-camps. Major Gordon. Soon 
afterwards the following letter was 
transmitted to the Lord Mayor :— - 
Downing- street, Feb, 4, 1812. 
« My Lord.— The Hon. Major Gor- 



Fib. 7.] 



CHRONICLE. 



23 



don, aide-de-camp to General Lord Wel- 
lington, has this moment arrived at my 
office, with the satisfactory intelligence 
of the capture of Ciudad Rodrigo by 
storm, on the evening of the 19th Jan. 
The French Governor-General, Barnier, 
about 78 officers, and 1700 men, are ta- 
ken prisoners, and 1 53piecesof ordnance, 
including the heavy train belonging to 
the French army, and great quantities of 
ammunition and stores were found in the 
place. 

" The particulars of this most import- 
ant event will be immediately published 
in an extraordinary gazette.* 

" I have the honour to be, &c. 
" Liverpool. 
« To the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor." 
Windsor Castle, Feb. 1 • 
His majesty continues nearly in the 
same state in which he was last week. 
(Signed.) H. Halford. 
W. Heberden. 
M. Baillie. 
J. Willis. 
R. Willis. 
His majesty continued through the 
whole of last week in a state ofcom- 
parative quiet, but without any indi- 
cations of mental improvement. The 
skill of the regular physicians has 
preserved his bodily health through 
all the violence of his malady, and 
even now, that all hopes of curing the 
disease are extinguished, there is a 
reasonable hope, by the continuance 
of the same professional attention to 
him, during his occasional paroxysms, 
that his life may be preserved for 
years. 

7th. — ^Westminster. — This day 
the Lords being met, and the Com- 
mons having come, the royal assent 
was given in virtue of a commission 
from the prince regent, in name and 
on behalf of his majesty, to an act to 
revive and continue until the 31st day 
of December, 1812, so much of an 



act made in the 49th year of his pre- 
sent majesty, to prohibit the distilla- 
tion of spirits from corn or grain in 
the united kingdom, as relates to 
Great Britain ; and to revive and con- 
tinue another act made in the ^Oth 
year aforesaid, to suspend the import- 
ation of British or Irish made spirits 
into Great Britain or Ireland respec- 
tively ; and for granting certain du- 
ties on worts, or wash made from su- 
gar, during the prohibition of distilla- 
tion from corn or grain in Great Bri- 
tain — to an act to raise ten millions 
five hundred thousand pounds by Ex- 
chequer bills — to an act to raise one 
million five hundred thousand pounds 
by Exchequer bills — to an act to con- 
tinue the duties on malt, sugar, to- 
bacco, and snufF — and to an act to 
permit sugar, the produce of Marti- 
nique, and other conquered islands in 
the West Indies, to be taken out of 
warehouse, on payment of the like 
duty for waste as British plantation 
sugar. 

At the sale of the library of Sir 
James Pulteney, Bart, yesterday, at 
Christie's, the Variorum Classics sold 
at sums unprecedented, and the rare 
volumes of the Delphini Classics sold 
at the following prices :— 
Ciceronis Opera Philoso- 
phica, editio vera, pur- 
chased by Mr Dibdin 
for Earl Spencer, - - L59 6 
Prudentius, ....---16 5 6 

Statius, 54 12 

National Society. — This day 
was holden, at St Martin's Library, 
a meeting of the general committee 
of the national society for the educa- 
tion of the poor ; present, the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury in the chair. 

Archbishop of York ; Earls of 
Shaftesbury and Hardwicke; Bish- 



• See the Gazette. 



24 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Fe6. 7—8. 



ops of London, Durham, St Asaph, 
Sahsbury, Norwich, and Chester ; 
Lords Grenville, Redesdale, and Rad- 
atock ; Right Hon. the Speaker ; Sir 
John NicoU ; Deans of Canterbury 
and Barking ; Archdeacon Cam- 
bridge ; Dr Barton ; Rev. H. H. 
Norris ; Rev. R. Lendon ; F. Bur- 
ton, Esq. M. p. ; G. W. Marriot, 
Esq. ; Joshua Watson, Esq, ; W. 
Davis, Esq. ; James Trimmers, Esq. 
It is a most gratifying considera- 
tion, that in the furtherance of the 
object of this most noble and lauda- 
ble institution, we find the first in 
rank and character of both political 
parties in the state cordially unite, 
and give their best support to a sys- 
tem,the adoption of which must re- 
flect eternal honour upon its founders, 
whilst its effects in improving the 
minds of the rising generation, cannot 
but prove a truly inestimable and last- 
ing blessing to the empire. 

8th -Edinburgh -High Court 
OF Justiciary — This day came on 
the trial of John Lindsay Crawfurd, 
some time of Dungannon in Ireland, 
and James Bradley, some time school- 
master and clerk at Castle Dawson, 
county of Londonderry, Ireland, ac- 
cused. of having forged or falsified cer- 
tain writings, for the purpose of sup- 
porting a claim made by the said John 
Lindsay Cra|vfurd, under a brieve 
from chancery, directed to the sheriff 
of Edinburgh, to be served lawful and 
nearest heir-male of John Crawfurd, 
first Viscount Garnock. This, from 
the multiplicity of papers produced, 
and the length and intricacy of the 
examination, was not concluded till 
7 o'clock on Teusday moniing. The 
jury gave in their verdict on Wednes- 
day at one o'clock, all in one voice 
finding *'thesaid John Lindsay Craw- 
furd, and the said James Bradley, 
guilty of feloniously falsifying the se- 



veral writings mentioned in the first, 
second, fourth, fifth, and sixth, 
charges, of the foresaid criminal li- 
bel ; and, by a great plurality of 
voices, they find the said John Lind- 
say Crawfurd guilty, and the said 
James Bradley guilty, of feloniously 
falsifying the letter mentioned in the 
third charge of the said criminal li- 
bel. Further, they, all in one voice, 
find the said John Lindsay Crawfurd 
guilty, and the said James Bradley 
guilty, of feloniously forging the se- 
veral writings mentioned in the se- 
venth, eighth, ninth, tenth, and ele- 
venth charges, of the said criminal li- 
bel ; and they, all in one voice, find 
both the said pannels guilty of felo- 
niously uttering the writings mention- 
ed in the first, second, third, fourth, 
fifth, and sixth charges, of the said 
crinninal libel, knowing the same to 
be feloniously falsified, and felonious- 
ly uttering the writings mentioned in 
the seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, and 
eleventh charges of the said crimi- 
nal libel, knowing the same to be fe- 
loniously forged." 

When their lordships had delivered 
their opinions. Lord Meadowbank 
(the presiding judge) after an ad- 
dress of great ability, pronounced the 
sentence of the court, ordaining the 
prisoners to be transported for four- 
teen years beyond seas. 

The following is a sketch of the 
circumstances of the case ; — 

Some time after the death of tlie 
late Earl of Crawfurd, the prisoner, 
John Lindsay Crawfurd, supposing 
that a relation of the late earl had 
lived as steward at Castle Dawson, 
thought that if he could prove a pro- 
pinquity to him, he might by that 
means obtain the earldom, and cer- 
tain estates in Ayrshire ; and for this 
purpose he repaired to Kilbirnie, iu 
Ayrshire, and, in the hands of a de- 



Feb. 10.] 



CHRONICLE. 



25 



scendant of a former factor, he found 
certain leases and old letters. These 
were transmitted by a trusty messen- 
ger to Bradley, who, with the as- 
sistance of Fanning ( Crawfurd's two 
associates) deleted certain passages 
in the letters, and substituted some- 
thing relative to this James Crawfurd, 
and for the names of some of the wit- 
nesses, which were also deleted, that 
of Crawfurd was hkewise substituted. 
The singular ingenuity displayed 
in these alterations struck every one 
who had access to see the papers, 
the hand-writing and colour of the 
ink being not only most successfully 
imitated, but the fabrickof the paper, 
though old and worn, was preserved 
entire and- uninjured. The papers 
had, in fact, so much the appearance 
of genuine deeds, that the deception 
was in part completely successful. At 
this juncture, Fanning, to whose dex- 
terity his associates were indebted for 
the success of their plans, turned 
king's evidence ; and having made a 
declaration before the sheriff, intima- 
ted to Crawfurd's agent the whole of 
the circumstances. In consequence 
of Fanning's information, Bradley and 
Crawfurd were soon after apprehend- 
ed, and the declaration emitted by 
Bradley opened a scene of the most 
deliberate fraud. 

Several witnesses were calledin cor- 
roboration of the declarations ; and 
the exculpatory evidence only proved 
the good character of the prisoners 
previous to this transaction, and the 
bad character of Fanning the witness, 
on whose evidence they were convict- 
ed. .The point chiefly insisted on by 
the prisoners' counsel was, that, as no 
patrimonial interest was affected, no 
crime was committed. 

10th. — Riots at Nottingham. 
rrit is with great pleasure we state, 



that the destruction of frames this 
week has been much less than that of 
the last. 

On Monday evening one frame was 
broken at Bobber's Mill, and carried 
clean away ; and one on Tuesday 
night, at the same place. On the 
last-mentioned evening, one frame was 
broken at Basford, and the same even- 
ing two were broken at Taghill, io 
the vicinity of Heanor, in Derby, 
shire, and five at Burton Joice. 

On Tuesday the Royal Bucking- 
inghamshire Militia arrived here, ia 
38 waggons, they having left Wood- 
bridge barracks, in Suffolk, at 7 o'- 
clock on Friday evening last. Yester- 
day two field-pieces arrived, which 
belong to the regiment. On Wednes- 
day two more troops of the huzzars 
hkewise entered this town. Two 
London magistrates at present here 
have been using their utmost endea- 
vours to learn whether politics have 
any connection with the present trou- 
bles in this neighbourhood ; we un- 
derstand they are convinced of the 
contrary. 

Committed for trial at the assizes, 
William Barnes, of Basford, charged 
with having, in company with diverj 
other persons at present unknown, 
wilfully, maliciously, feloniously bro- 
ken, and destroyed, and damaged two 
frames. 

Letter from Lud. — The fol- 
lowing is a literal copy of a letter 
accompanying returned articles which 
had been stolen at the time when 
frames were broken at Clifton : — 

Unknown Stranger, I have entrust- 
ed thees Articles into your Care and 
I do insist that yon will see that they 
are Restored to their respective oners 
it is with extream Rcgrat that I in 
form yow haii thay Came into m) 
haiis when I came out with my mer 



26 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Feb. 12. 



their weir sum joind us that I Never 
had ad with me before and it wear 
these Villinds that plundred but ass 
we wear goin out of Clifton one of 
my Men came and told me that he 
Believd that those Men ad got some 
thinck that they had no Buisiness 
with Itheirfore gavehordersthat they 
should be searchd and what we found 
on them we left the things at the 
Lown End and I hope that the oners 
has got agen we were gust agoen to 
have hang'd one of the Villends when 
we weir informed that the Solders 
weir at hand and we thot it Right to 
Retreat. 

N. B. The Men that had the things 
weir entire strangers to my borders or 
they Never dworst not have tuch'd 
one thinck but they have been pu- 
nished for their vileny for one of them 
have been hangd for 3 Menet and 
then Let down agane I ham a friend 
to the pore and Distrest and a enemy 
to the oppressers thron. 

(Signed) Gen. Lud. 

Letters from Portugal state, that 
Marmont arrived at Salamanca on the 
21st ult. to assemble his troops for 
the relief of Ciudad Rodrigo, sup- 
posing it would make a much longer 
resistance. He was there joined by 
Dorsenne, from Leon, and could have 
collected his army by the 24th. On 
the evening of the 21st, he received 
accounts of the fall of the place, and 
immediately countermanded his or- 
ders for the marching of the troops. 

In half an hour after the fortress 
was carried, Lord Wellington and 
Marshal Beresford were within the 
walls, forwarding the new arrange- 
ments of the place. General Hill was 
said to have actually crossed the Ta- 
gus, in his approach to Lord Wel- 
hngton, whose intention, it was sup- 
posed, was to advance. 

An officer who remained in the 



fortress of Ciudad Rodrigo the whole 
of that night on which it was storm- 
ed, says, he had various opportuniticB 
of conversing with the French pri- 
soners, who averred, that the intrepi- 
dity of the aUies surpassed all they had 
ever seen in military performances. 

Our army entered the place on the 
19th, at nine p. m. and great was the 
slaughter. The garrison, with the 
exception of 1200 men, and the go- 
vernor, were put to the sword. Gen. 
Craufurd fell in the assault. 

Subscriptions have been entered 
into in various towns in England, and 
on board different ships of war, for 
the laudable purpose of assisting the 
widows and children of the unfortu- 
nate men who perished in his majes- 
ty's ships St George, Defence, and 
Hero, on their return from the Bal- 
tic. 

12th. — Suicide. — Late on Tues- 
day night, or early yesterday morn- 
ing, Mr Marshal, one of the king's 
yeomen of the'guard, put a period to 
his existence, by hanging himself in 
the kind's guard chamber in St James's 
Palace. It was his turn to do the 
duty of sleeping in the guard-room 
on Tuesday night. He entered the 
guard-room at nine o'clock on that 
duty. He has been for several years 
past in a low, desponding way, bor- 
dering on insanity, and he discover- 
ed evident symptoms of insanity on 
Tuesday afternoon ; so much so that 
one of his brethren did some of his 
duty for him. 

17th. Saturday the sum of 

100,0001. as voted by parliament, 
was paid to the Prince Regent, to 
defray the expences of assuming the 
royal functions, from the Exche- 
quer, without any deductions for 
property tax. 

20th. Messages were on Tues- 
day delivered to both houses from 



Fot. 21.] 



CHRONICLE. 



27 



the Prince Regent, announcing that 
he has created Lord WeUington a 
British earl, and recommending that 
an additional annuity of 20001. be 
granted to his lordship. 

21st. — A Cadiz Mail arrived on 
Wednesday with advices to the 4th 
instant- The Cortes have created 
Lord WeUington a Grandee of Spain 
of the first class, with the title of 
Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo. It is not 
a little singular, that the first act of 
the new Spanish regency, as well as 
the first act of the Prince Regent, in 
the exercise of his full authority, has 
been to confer a title of honour on 
the same individual. 

Law Intelligence. — Court of 
King's Bench Sittings at West- 
minster Hall. Forgery. The 

King V. Colonel Broivne. — This was 
an information against the defendant, 
Colonel Browne, foraforgery at com- 
mon law. The information charged 
him with having forged certain in- 
struments purporting to be signed by 
George Harrison, Esq. one of the 
law clerks to the treasury, and by 
the Hon. Cecil Jenkinson, Esq. one 
of the under secretaries of state, 
with a view to defraud government, 
by surreptitiously obtaining a grant 
of 6000 acres of land in the island of 
St Vincents. 

The Attorney-General stated the 
circumstances of the case as follows. 
In the year 1809, Colonel Browne 
represented to government that he 
had a large gang of negroes which 
he had nurtured with particular care, 
and had succeeded in reducing them 
to such domestic habits, that they 
multiplied as fast as by the course of 
nature they would die off; and he 
prayed for an allotment of crown 
lands in the island of St Vincents. 
It was thought that he had claims 
upon the government of this country, 



having suffered as an American loyal- 
ist ; and as government had at that 
time a part of the lands formerly al- 
lotted to the Caribbs, in consequence 
of a grant made to hira of 6000 acres. 
It was discovered that a part of these 
lands had been granted to other oc- 
cupiers, who held the will of the 
crown, and as they had expended 
their money to reduce the land to a 
state of cultivation, it was thought 
inequitable to expel them, and they 
therefore were allowed to purchase, 
which was done to the amount of 
60,0001.— But in order to indemnify 
Col. Browne for this disappointment, 
government gave him half the mo- 
ney, namely 30,0001. which was con- 
sidered a munificent recompence. 
It happened, however, shortly after- 
wards, in the year 1810, that Sir 
Charles Brisbane, the governor of St 
Vincent's, received a dispatch under 
the official seal of the secretary of 
state's office, directing him to make 
a grant of the same quantity of land 
which had been deducted from the 
six thousand acres of land, originally 
granted to Colonel Browne, which 
direction purported to be by order of 
the Lords of the Treasury, and was 
signed by Mr Jenkinson, the under- 
secretary of state- A discussion 
however ensuing with Col. Browne's 
agent, the governor thought proper 
to send home for instructions, when 
it was discovered that the whole was 
a forgery, no such orders having ever 
issued from the secretary of state'g 
office in England. How Colonel 
Browne got possession of the seal of 
office he was unable to state, but he 
should be able to prove that the pa- 
pers were written, all but the signa- 
tures, in the office of a Mr Stevens, 
a law stationer in Chancery-lane, 
and that Colonel Browne brought 
the rough draft, and took them away 



28 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. CFeb. 24, 



when finished. And the plan which 
accompanied them was drawn by a 
clerk in the Duke of Bedford's of- 
fice, who was employed by Colonel 
Browne, so that he traced him in gi- 
ving directions for the forged instru- 
ment ; and it was proved no other 
person had any interest in the fraud. 
Under these circumstances he thought 
BO doubt could be entertained of the 
guilt of the defendant. 

These facts were proved by Sir 
Charles Brisbane, Mr Harrison, Mr 
Jenkinson, and Mr Steele, and his 
clerks, who engrossed the papers by 
Colonel Browne's directions. 

Lord Moira, Sir Alured Clarke, 
and several gentlemen of rank, gave 
a high character of Colonel Browne ; 
but the jury, without hesitation, 
found him Guilty. 

22d. — Yesterday evening Mr Ben- 
jamin Walsh was discharged from 
Newgate, in consequence of a pardon 
granted by his Royal Highness the 
Prince Regent. 

24th. — The Acteon sloop arri- 
ved from the East Indies, last from 
the island of St Helena. There was 
a mutiny at St Helena on the 23d of 
December, among part of the troops. 
They seized tlie lieutenant-governor, 
and confined him, and were proceed- 
ing to seize the governor. He col- 
lected, however, such of the troops 
as remained loyal, repelled the muti- 
neers, and put an end to the mutiny. 
The governor immediately summon- 
ed a court martial, and tried the mu- 
tineers. Six were instantly execu- 
ted. Perfect tranquillity had been 
restored when the Acteon left the 
island.. 

Funeral op Major-GeneraI/ 
Robert Craufurd. — Lord Wel- 
lington, to testify his high sense of 
Major General Craufiird's great and 
distinguished merits and services, de- 



termined that he should be interred 
in the breach which he had so ably 
and heroically assaulted, as the high- 
est honour he could confer upon him. 

The light division assembled be- 
fore the St Francisco convent, where 
their late beloved commander lay, at 
twelve o'clock, on the 25th of Janu- 
ary. The fifth division lined the 
road from thence to the breach. The 
officers of the brigade of guards, of 
the cavalry, and of the 3d, 4th, and 
5th divisions, with Lord Wellington 
and the whole of the head-quarters 
at their head ; General Castanos, and 
all his staff; Marshal Beresford, and 
all the Portuguese ; moved in the 
mournful procession. 

He was borne to his place of rest 
on the shoulders of the brave men 
whom he had led to victory. The 
field officers of the light division of- 
ficiated as pall-bearers ; Major-Ge- 
neral Charles Stewart (Adjutant-Ge- 
neral) was chief mourner, attended 
by Captain William Campbell, and 
Lieutenants Wood and Shawe, aides- 
de-camp to their late glorious com- 
mander, and by the staff of the light 
division. 

The ceremony was as awful as af- 
fecting, as sublime as possible, and 
well calculated to inspire feelings of 
the most exalted nature ; and if any 
other sentiment but that of the most 
poignant grief could have found place 
on this melancholy occasion, it would 
certainly have been envy at such aa 
end so wept. 

The breach of Ciudad Rodrigo is 
the monument of this admirable man, 
bedewed with the tears, and decked 
with the praises and blessings, of the 
whole army. 



Agricultural Report. The 

continuance of heavy rains through 
the month, with the unusual mildue|f3 



Feb. 24.] 



CHRONICLE. 



29 



ot the weather, has proved in some 
degree injurious to the young wheats, 
by forcing them beyond their reason, 
able growth. — The early beans have 
Buffered, by rotting in the ground, 
and the general sowing is much re- 
tarded from the same cause. A con- 
siderable breadth of oats has been got 
in upon leys in the eastern counties ; 
but the fallowed lands are found too 
wet to stir for barley. — Indeed, most 
of the preparatory operations for 
spring cultivation have been suspend- 
ed, from the ungenial weather. The 
young plants of clover are generally 
good ; and the rye and winter tare 
plants shew well for spring feed. — 
The turnips, in most counties, are 
running prematurely for bloom. — 
The hay markets are lower, from the 
openness of the season. — Considera- 
ble droves of beasts, principally Scots 
and Irish, are come to Epping Fo- 
rest, and have hitherto been sold at 
high prices. Store sheep are some- 
what cheaper. The wool trade has 
become a little brisker, owing to Me- 
rino fleeces seUing pretty freely for 
4s. 6d. and fine South-Down for 23. 
per lb. 

Fashions. — Evening Costume. — 
An amber crape dress over white sars- 
net, trimmed with pearls or white 
beads, with a demi-train ; a light 
short jacket, rather scanty, with two 
separate fancy folds, depending about 
three quarters down the front of the 
skirt, forming in appearance a kind 
of Sicilian tunic, and trimmed down 
each division, like the bottom of the 
dress, with a single row of pearls ; 
short sleeves, not very high above the 
elbow, fitting close to the arm, and 
ornamented at the top with distinct 
points of satin, the same colour as 
the dress, relieved by pearls ; two 
rows of the same costly material, or 
of beads, according as the robe i« or- 



namented, form a girdle. The hair 
dressed in the antique Roman style, 
with tresses brought together and 
confined at the back of the head, ter- 
minating either in ringlets or in two 
light knots ; a braid of plaited hair 
drawn over a demi-turban formed of 
plain amber satin, with an elegantly 
embroidered stripe of white satin, se- 
parated by rows of pearls, and a su- 
perb sprig of pearls in front. Neck- 
lace of one single row of large pearls, 
with ear-rings of the Maltese fashion 
to correspond. Ridicule of slate co- 
lour shot with pink ; the firm base 
secured by a covering of pink stamp- 
ed velvet, with pink tassels. Italian 
slippers of amber fringed with silver, 
or ornamented round the ankle with 
a row of pearls on beads. — White 
kid gloves. 

/i Winter Walkinr Dress. A 

scarlet Merino cloth pelisse, lined 
with straw-coloured sarsnet, trimmed 
with light-coloured spotted fur, and 
attached with loops of black silk 
cordon and rich frog tassels ; the 
broad fur in front, forming a tippet, 
pointed at the back. A narrow fur 
passes from the top of the sleeve, is 
brought down the side seams, and re- 
lieved by fastening of black silk cor- 
don ; four loops with frogs ornament 
the shoulders and cuffs ; plain stand- 
ing-up collar tied with cordon ; a fine 
cashemere shawl, with brown ground, 
and richly variegated border, is gene- 
rally thrown over the dress, in whicb 
is united both comfort and elegance. 
A Swedish hat of the same materials- 
as the pelisse, lined with straw co- 
lour, and fastened upon one side ; the 
crown trimmed with two rows of nar- 
row spotted fur, and one still narrow- 
er at the edge of the hat ; a bunch of 
the Christmas holly in front, and two 
tassels falling from the summit of the 
crown, of black, to auswer the pe- 



30 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March 2-4. 



lisse, which is worn over a white 
round dress, either of plain or corded 
cambric. 



MARCH. 



2d.— Friday afternoon, Lord Cas- 
tlereagh attended at the Foreign Of- 
fice, for the first time, after having 
received the appointment to that of- 
fice by the Prince Regent. His 
lordship deposited the seals there, 
and afterwards left town. 

A shocking instance of barbarity 
took place near Dunbar last week : — . 

A young woman, servant to Mr , 

Vfho had an illicit connection with a 
young man in the neighbourhood, 
was delivered of a child, which she 
kept concealed for two days in the 
kitchen, and afterwards, to avoid 
detection, threw it away, cut and 
mangled in the most savage manner j 
a boy, while herding, found one of 
the legs, which appeared to have 
been broken through a little below 
the knee joint, and the flesh wholly 
torn away from the upper part ; the 
mother was passing from Dunbar at 
the time the boy found it, who shew- 
ed it to her, and she desired him to 
bury it. She immediately absconded, 
and has since been seen at Dunse, it 
is supposed on her way to England. 
The trunk of the body was found in 
a burn near the house where she re- 
sided, and what is remarkable, a 
carrion crow, which had got one of 
its arms torn oft" from the shoulder, 
and was in the act of flying away 
■with it, let it fall close by the father's 
side, who happened at the time to 
be ploughing ; the head has not yet 
been found. Mr Sawers, towu clerk 
of Dunbar, with a praiseworthy acti- 
vity, made every exertion when he 
heard of the circumstances. A pre- 



cognition was taken, a search made, 
and two officers sent in search of the 
woman ; but they were found on the 
road side on their return both in- 
toxicated. Her relations, who are 
respectable people, and the father of 
the child, who had previously offered 
her marriage, are all in the most de- 
plorable state of distress ; the doctor 
who inspected the parts of the child, 
gave it as his opinion, that it had 
been full grown. 

4th. — The Dublin papers contain 
the following intelligence : — " It is 
with inexpressible and unfeigned re- 
gret, that we find ourselves called 
upon to advert to certain outrages, 
which have been for some time com- 
mitted in a neighbouring county, un- 
der pretence of regulating the price 
of land, and which, but for the 
prompt interference of governihent, 
might eventually have involved the 
vicinity of the capital itself in blood- 
shed and confusion. The miscreanta 
who are theauthorsof thesedisturban- 
ces, call themselves carders, from the 
instrument of torture which they use, 
for the purpose of forcing the honest, 
the industrious, and peaceable pro- 
prietors of the soil to relinquish their 
property. — The time chosen for the 
execution of their nefarious designs, 
the dead of the night, perfectly suits 
and characterises their purpose ; and, 
although their associations may have 
no immediately political object in 
view, yet it is not difficult to con- 
ceive, with what facility they may be 
converted to such an end. — This spi- 
rit has appeared, under various forms 
and denominations, in different parts 
of the country ; and, thanks to a vi- 
gorous, yet mild and steady adminis- 
tration of justice, has every where 
been put down by the law. They 
have all one common object — the do- 
minion of the mob over property^ 
Sometimes the rent of the land is the 



March 5.] 



CHRONICLE. 



SI 



subject of their legislation ; at others, 
the tithes of the protestant ; at others 
again, the dues of the catholic clergy 
are regulated by their arbitrary de- 
crees." 

5th. Edinburgh Rioters. — 

Monday came on the trial of John 
Skelton, indicted and accused, at the 
instance of his majesty's advocate, of 
different acts of robbery on the streets 
of Edinburgh, on the night of the 
31st December or morning of the 
1st January. 

George Edmondston, clerk in the 
Courant newspaper office, was on 
the High Street at half past eleven 
o'clock on the last night of the year 
1811. Saw a disturbance a little 
above the Fleshmarket Close. On 
crossing from the south to the north 
side of the street he was followed in- 
to the Fleshmarket Close, by a num- 
ber of young lads, from 12 to 20 as 
he supposed, who demanded money 
from him ; but before he had time to 
give them any, he was repeatedly 
struck with sticks, his hat taken from 
him, and himself knocked down. 
They tried to get his watch, but the 
swivel broke ; got his seai and rib- 
bon. [Here the ribbon, seal, &c. were 
shown and identified.] He was at- 
tacked within the close ; and on re- 
covering was lying, all wet with 
blood, in the first stair as you go 
down the Fleshmarket Close. 

Walter Robertson, stoneware mer- 
chant, West Bow, was on the High 
Street, between twelve and one. He 
left his own shop about five minutes 
past twelve, to go to Nicholson's 
Street, along with a Mr Freyer, and 
met with no interruption until turn- 
ing the corner at Mr Blackwood's 
shop, where a man who was knock 
ed down came bleaching forward, 
and fell between them. He and his 
friend were immediately surrounded, 



and after passing two or three shops, 
he was pinned up to the wall, and 
robbed of seventeen 208. notes and 
fourteen guinea notes, which he had, 
with various papers, in his pocket- 
book, in his side pocket, together 
with the chain of a watch, seal, and 
key. There might be about 40 or 
50 lads in the mob, from 16 to 18 or 
19 years of age, headed by three ra- 
ther taller than the rest, of a size 
with the prisoner, but he could not 
recognise any of them. [Witness 
identified his chain, &c.] 

William Jolly, student of divinity, 
was on the street between twelve and 
one, on the first day of the year, about 
half way down the South Bridge, 
when he was surrounded by two or 
three dozen of lads, who demanded a 
shilHng to drink. He said he had no 
money, and when remonstrating with 
them, two lads taller than the rest 
came and held him, and a lesser one 
searched his pockets. On finding 
nothing, some cried out, " Knock 
him down, knock him down ! " but 
one of the tallest said, " He's a coun- 
try chap, let him alone." He took 
out a green silk purse, and shook it, 
to show them there was no money in 
it, but it was immediately snatched 
out of his hand, by one like him 
who said, " Let him alone." Du- 
ring the time he was among them, 
he was twice struck. The first blow 
made him stagger, the next brought 
him to his knee ; but whether before 
or after being searched could not say. 
The mob consisted chiefly of boys, 
and some lads about the size of the 
prisoner. 

Thomas M'Gibbon, painter, resi- 
ding with his father in Thistle Street, 
was on the streets on the last night 
of the year about eleven o'clock, and 
saw a great deal of rioting, knocking 
down gentlemen, and robbing them. 



S2 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March S. 



Saw a gentleman robbed on the South 
Bridge, near the Troii Church — 
knows the prisoner — saw him that 
night at the corner of the North 
Bridge, but can't say precisely at 
what hour — heard him talking loud 
and swearing — he had a stick in his. 
hand, and appeared concerned in the 
riots. Does not recollect seeing him 
more than once. He had his hat in 
his hand, and appeared to be hiding 
something in it. Saw a gentleman 
robbed at the Post-office, another at 
Moffat's, the jeweller, and another on 
the opposite side, the last after he 
saw Skelton — could not say how long 
after. 

William Walker was in company 
with the prisoner on the last night of 
the year, and recollects meeting with 
Johnston and some others in Leith 
Street, but does not remember any 
conversation. Hogg and Simpson 
were with witness. Was not ask- 
ed to beat the police, but ran along 
with the rest to help them. — Prisoner 
was there, and on the watchmen spring, 
ing their rattles, they ail ran down by 
Wordsworth's to Allan's, and the 
prisoner and others went up the trees 
and broke down branches. Witness 
and Skelton had no sticks, but the 
prisoner afterwards got a small one. 

John Chisholm, police officer, was 
on duty the last night of the year ; 
recollects the rioting ; was sent by 
magistrates for Mr Tait (he was in 
Mr Tait's when one struck) with 
whom he returned to the police-of- 
fice, where he remained till some 
more of the officers came in, when he 
went out with them. He fell in with 
the prisoner, between two and three 
o'clock, near the head of the Flesh- 
market Close, at the head of a parcel 
of fellows, who, when they observed 
the police, exclaimed, Here'sthe b — s, 



knock them down ; but when he and 
the others turned on them they ran 
off, and the prisoner ran up the street. 
He was catched about the middle of 
the High Street, and carried to the 
police-office. 

Thomas M'Kay, John Duff, and 
Angus Cameron, all police-officers, 
corroborated the above statement. 

Here the prisoner's declarations 
were read, which went to a denial of 
the charges exhibited against him, 
averring, that he had picked up the 
articles found on his person on the 
street, having seen a boy, who was 
pursued, throw the same away. 

On the part of the prisoner the 
strongest possible proof of character 
was adduced. 

The Solicitor-Generalthen address- 
ed the jury on the part of the crown. 
He stated, that although two months 
had elapsed since the occurrence of 
those disgraceful outrages, such was 
their magnitude and number, and such 
the labour and difficulty in procuring 
proof, that notwithstanding the ma- 
gistrates had been employed with a 
dihgence and zeal which reflected in- 
finite credit on them, their investiga- 
tions were only finished two days 
previous to the indictment being ser- 
ved. In reviewing the proof, he ad- 
mitted that there was no direct evi- 
dence that the prisoner did assault or 
knock down any person; that it was 
not necessary, nor at all times possi- 
ble, in transactions of this nature, to 
procure such proof ; but that he was 
guilty, actor, or art and part, in the 
robberies and outrages of that night, 
was estabhshed by a train of circum- 
stances, beyond the possibility of 
doubt — from his being in company 
with the gang — his going to'AUan's, 
and arming himself with a stick — hi» 
attack on the police — his name being 



March &**^A 



CHRONICLE. 



33 



called on the street, and the stolen 
goods being found in his possession, 
carefully concealed, without being 
able to account for them in a satis- 
factory manner. 

Mr Gordon replied, in an eloquent 
speech, for the pannel,, in the course 
of which he drew a clear line of dis- 
tinction betwixt a person being en- 
gaged in the boisterous and riotous 
mirth to which the last night of the 
year has, by immemorial usage, been 
devoted, and his being concerned in, 
or a party to, the systematic plan 
which had been formed for the pur- 
pose of plunder and robbery. He 
concluded an impressive speech, by 
entreating the jury to keep in mind, 
that it were better ten guilty persons 
should escape, than that one innocent 
man should suffer, and he therefore 
hoped they would ftnd the charges 
not proven against the prisoner. 

The Lord Justice Clerk then sum- 
med up the evidence, and the jury 
•were enclosed, and desired to return 
their verdict next day at one o'- 
clock. 

The court again met on Tuesday, 
when the jury returned their verdict, 
all in one voice finding the pannel 
guilty i but having taken into their 
consideration the strong evidence ad- 
duced in support of his former good 
character, unanimously and earnestly 
recommend him to mercy. The jud- 
ges delivered their opinions at consi- 
derable length, lamenting the unfor- 
tunate situation of the pannel, and 
assured the jury, that their humane 
recommendation would be transmit- 
ted to the Prince Regent. — Sentence 
death. — He was afterwards respited 
and transported. 

On Friday last, as Lord St Vincent 
was sitting by himself in his room, 
having occasion to reach forward, 
he unfortunately fell upon the grate. 

VOL. V, PART II. 



His head coming is contact vJrIth one 
of the spikes which were placed on 
the top of the grate for the security 
of the wood, he was with some diffi- 
culty able to force himself back from 
the fire before he sustained any injury 
by the heat, though his servants on 
entering found him covered with 
blood, from severe laceration, occa- 
sioned by the spike.- — His lordship 
is, however, nearly recovered from the 
effects of this untoward accident. 

6th. — Mr Benjamin Walsti, was 
last night expelled the House of 
Commons, and a new writ immedia- 
tely ordered for the borough of Wot- 
ton Basset. A long discussion took 
place on the subject, in which the ex- 
pulsion of Mr Walsh was opposed by 
Sir A. Pigot, on the ground of his 
having been virtually acquitted in 
the eye of the law. Mr Herbert, 
Mr Abercrombie, Mr Lamb, and 
Mr Whitbread, spoke on the same 
side, while the Attorney- General, 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
Sir Francis Burdett, and Mr Wynne, 
argued in support of the motion, that 
whatever his offence might be in a le- 
gal point of view, the moral turpitude 
which attached to his conduct de- 
manded his expulsion. 

8th — PoisoNiNGOF Race Horses. 
— Cambridge Assizes. — Trialq/D. 
Dav:so7i. — This trial, which has oc- 
cupied so much of the attention of 
the sporting world, took place yes- 
terday at the Cambridge assizes, be- 
fore Mr Justice Heath. The court 
was so much crowded, that the busi- 
ness was greatly impeded. The pri- 
soner was indicted for wilfully and 
maliciously poisoning a colt, by Ea- 
gle, the property of Sir F. Standish, 
by infusing a quantity of white ar- 
senic into a water-trough on the 
Newmarket course, in April, 1811. 

Mr Serjeant Sellon, oq the part •f 



3i EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March S. 



the prosecution, detailed the case to 
the jury. 

Cecil Bishop, who had been com- 
mitted as an accomplice with Daw- 
son, was admitted an approver in the 
case, and the substance of his evi- 
dence was as follows : — He had been 
acquainted with the prisoner since the 
year 1807, witness being at that time 
shopman to a chemist and druggist 
in Wardour-street. His acquaintance 
with Dawson originated in conse- 
quence of the latter having represent- 
ed to him, that he had a friend whose 
horse had been played tricks with ; 
and in order to retaliate, the prisoner 
asked witness his advice, as to what 
was best to give a horse so as to sick- 
en him without killing him ; or 
what would produce similar effects 
on the horse prisoner spoke of. Wit- 
ness and the prisoner became very in- 
timate ; and Bishop's evidence, which 
was in some part corroborated, open- 
ed a scene of iniquity never excelled. 
They had been together at different 
races, and witness had procured so- 
lutions of arsenic at various times, 
which had been infused into a trough 
at Doncaster, where two brood mares 
were destroyed. They had also at- 
tempted to poison Lord Darlington's 
Rubens, which won the Pavilion 
stakes at Brighton, in 1809 ; and 
they succeeded in an attempt at 
Newmarket in the same year. In 
conjunction with a man, by repute 
named Triste, witness had been em- 
ployed by the prisoner to infuse poi- 
son in the troughs at Newmarket in 
1811. Pirouette, the favourite for 
the Craven stakes at Newmarket, was 
the object of the poisoning; and she 
was under the care of Mr R. Prince, 
a respectable stable-keeper at New- 
market, and also a training groom, 
in high esteem among the members 
of the Jockey Club. Mr Prince had 
vmder his care the principal horses 



for the Claret stakes ; amongst which 
were Spaniard and Pirouette, the pro- 
perty of Lord Foley; the Dandy, 
the property of Lord Kinnaird ; and 
the Eagle colt, the subject of this in- 
dictment, all of which were poisoned, 
•but some recovered. Bishop said, that 
he had infused the arsenic into the 
troughs, three in number, where Mr 
Prince's horses watered, by means of 
a syringe, in consequence of their be- 
ing covered and locked. Dawson 
was the acting man in the back- 
ground, and Triste was the person 
who was to back the field against 
the favourites. After having water- 
ed the horses on the 1 st of May, th* 
day after the Claret stakes were run 
for, they were all taken ill in the 
stables, refused their corn, and the' 
four which died may be estimated, 
considering their own value and their 
engagements, at 12,000^. Whilst 
Dawson was in London, Bishop was 
busy in keeping arsenic in the tiough; 
and he addressed the prisoner by the 
appellation of Miss Daivsouj and re- 
ceived in return, of Dawson, inclo- 
sures to enable him to carry on his 
nefarious practices. 

The poisoning of the horses was 
completely proved by Mr Prince, 
who had been apprised of the plan ; 
and, owing to his exertions, the per- 
petrators were brought to justice. 

A young man, named Longford, 
proved, that the prisoner had met 
him at Newmarket in 1810, and con- 
sulted him with regard to lending 
himself as an agent on the occasion. 
Dawson had often called on him, but 
he refused to participate in his plans. 
After Bishop's evidence had been 
gone through, the judge stopped the 
proceedings ; and after hearing argu- 
ments on the part of Mr Serjeant 
Sellon, for the prosecution, and Mr 
King, for the prisoner, directed an 
acquittal, on the grounds that the 



March 9—11.3 



CHRONICLE 



S5 



prisoner had been indicted as a prin- 
cipal, instead of an accessary before 
the fact, which in point of law could 
not be maintained. — The prisoner 
was acquitted, to the mortification of 
a crowded court, but was detained 
until next assizes, on a charge of poi- 
soning race horses in 1809. 

9th. — In the night of Tuesday 
se*ennight, such was the inclemency 
of the weather, that, when the Bath 
coach arrived at Chippenham from 
London, two out of three outside 
passengers were wholly lifeless. The 
third shewed some signs of animation, 
and, after a time, took some small re- 
freshment, but nature was so far ex- 
hausted that he died next morning. 

On Sunday the 1st instant a young 
man of genteel appearance arrived at 
Harwich by the stage, and went to 
the Three Cups, where he remained 
with two travellers during the day, 
and about seven in the evening, as 
the coach was about to start, paid 
his bill, and left the inn, as if intend- 
ing to go by the coach. Next morn- 
ing, an old mariner who was walking 
on the beach at a short distance from 
the town, found the dead body of the 
young man extended with the face 
downwards, nearly covered with 
weeds, from the influx of the tide, 
and near it a pistol-bag. An inquest 
was held the same day before B. 
Chapman, gent., the coroner for that 
borough, when it was discovered that 
a bullet had passed through his head. 
It also came out in evidence, that the 
deceased was in a melancholy state 
the whole day, but he appeared per- 
fectly rational. There being no doubt 
of his having committed the act him- 
self, a verdict of Felo de se was re- 
turned. He was a stranger at Har- 
wich, and nothing was found on him 
to lead to his discovery. It is hoped 
that these particulars may produce it. 



He was about five feet seven inches 
high, fair complexion, nose somewhat 
aquiline, dark hair, long on the fore- 
head : he wore a brown surtout, a 
blue coat, buff waistcoat, grey pan- 
taloons, boots, and round hat. He 
came to Colchester from London 
by the coach on the Saturday. In 
his pockets were a shirt, a pair of 
stockings, three shillings, and a yel- 
low button with a lion rampant on 
it. The body was not to be interred 
for a few days, to give an opportu- 
nity of seeing it. 

Royal Bank op Scotland—^ 
On Tuesday the following gentlemen 
were unanimously elected governor, 
deputy-governor, and directors, of 
the Royal Bank, viz. 

His Grace the Duke of Buccleuch 
and Queensberry, governor. 

Gilbert Innes, Esq. of Stow, de« 
puty-governor. 

Ordinary/ Directors. Alexander 

Duncan, Esq. James Bruce, Esq. 
R. S. MoncriefF, Esq. J. Campbell, 
Esq. W. Macdonald, Esq. W. 
Ramsay, Esq. James Dundas, Esq. 
Charles Selkrig, Esq. and Hugh 
Warrender, Esq. 

Extraordinary Directors, — James 
Hopkirk, Esq. David Ramsay, Esq. 
Lord Advocate, James Ferrier, Esq. 
Robert Allan, Esq. Hon. Henry 
Erskine, Peter Free, Esq. Alexan- 
der Bonar, Esq. Right Honourable 
W. Creech, Lord Provost of Edin- 
burgh. 

11th. — Extraordinary Trial . 
— At the Isle of Ely Assizes, on 
Thursday last, Michael Whiting, a 
shop-keeper at Downham, r/ear Ely , 
and a dissenting preacher, wms indict- 
ed under Lord Ellenborough*s act, 
on a charge of administering poiso i 
to George Langman and to Joseph 
Langraan, his brothers-in-law. It ap- 
peared in evidence, that the Lang;- 



36 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Maiioh 12. 



mans resided together at Downham, 
and were small farmers ; and that their 
family consisted of themselves, a sister, 
named Sarah, about ten years of age, 
and a female domestic, of the name 
of Catharine Carter, who acted as 
their housekeeper and servant : they 
had another sister who was married 
to the prisoner. On the morning of 
Tuesday the 1 '2th of March last, they 
sent their sister to the prisoner's house 
to borrow a loaf, the prisoner return- 
ed with her, and brought a loaf with 
him, and told the Langmans, that as 
he understood their housekeeper was 
going on a visit to her friends, for a 
day or two, he would bring them 
gome flour and pork to make a pud- 
ding for their dinner. He went away, 
and shortly afterwards returned with a 
bason of flour and pork ; and, address- 
ing himself to the housekeeper, said 
*• Catharine, be sure you make the 
boys a pudding before you go.** He 
then took the young child home with 
him to dinner. The housekeeper 
made two puddings, but observed 
the flour would not properly adhere ; 
»he left them in a kneading trough ; 
and the Langmans boiled one for 
dinner ; they had hardly swallowed 
two or three mouthfuUs before they 
were taken exceedingly ill, and seized 
with violent vomitings. Suspecting 
the pudding had been poisoned, one 
of the Langmans gave a small piece 
to a sow in the yard, which swallow- 
ed it, and was immediately taken sick, 
and after lingering a long time died. 
The elder brother soon recovered, 
but the younger one continued in a 
precarious state for several days. The 
remnants of the puddings were analy- 
sed by Mr Woolaston, professor of 
chemistry at the University of Cam- 
bridge, and found to contain a consi- 
derable quantity of corrosive subli- 
piat^e of mercury. 
The prisoner, who it appeared \yas 



a dealer in flour, attempted to account 
for the pudding's being poisoned, by 
stating, that he had then lately laid 
some nux vomica to poison vermin, 
and that some of it must accidentally 
have been carried into his flour-bin. 
Mr Woolaston, however, positively 
stated, that the pudding contained no 
other poisonous ingredient than cor- 
rosive sublimate ; and it came out ii» 
evidence, that the prisoner, who sold 
drugs, had purchased of the person 
whom he succeeded in business, a 
considerable quantity of that poison. 
It also appeared, that the flour- bins 
belonging to the prisoner had been 
searched, and that immediately upon 
its being discovered that the Lang- 
mans had taken poison, the prisoner 
emptied his bins into the privy, and 
washed them out. Mr Alley, from 
London, conducted the prisoner's de- 
fence ; the trial lasted till six o'clock 
at night, and the jury, after delibera- 
ting about ten minutes, found the pri- 
soner guilty^ and the judge immedi- 
ately passed sentence of death, and he 
is left for execution. By the death* 
of the two Langmans, under age, the 
prisoner's wife, and the child he took 
home with him, would have become 
entitled to the father's estate, as the 
heiresses of their brothers. 

12th. Mulling AR.— -Tuesday 

night, about seven o'clock, an express 
arrived in town from the general of 
district at TuUamore, in consequence 
of which a strong detachment of the 
2d Royal Surrey Militia, quartered 
here, immediately proceeded to Moy- 
vally, and other places along the line 
of the royal canal, where several large 
breaches have been made, and in some 
places, where the ground was low, the 
canal undermined, by a lawless ban- 
ditti, who have threatenedtheJlives of 
the workmen or labourers who should 
havethetemeritytorepairsuchbreach- 
es. The objects of the military being 



March 13—16.] 



CHRONICLE. 



37 



sent are not only to prevent farther 
depredations, but to protect the work- 
men when they are employed. 

13th The Prince Regent's 

Court. — Yesterday his Royal High- 
ness the Prince Regent held his first 
levee this season at Carlton-house, 
which was very numerously and splen- 
didly attended by all ranks and par- 
ties, who were anxious to pay their 
personal respects to his royal high- 
ness on his assuming the government 
of the country. About eleven o'- 
clock a detachment of the first regi- 
ment of foot guards, commanded by 
Colonel Rainsford, in white gaiters, 
with the band in their state uniform, 
inarched into the court-yard of Carl- 
ton-house, A detachment of hfe 
guards marched into Pall-mall and 
the adjacent streets, to regulate the 
procession of carriages coming to the 
levee. At a quarter before one o'- 
clock the company began to arrive. 
In addition to those who attended 
his royal highness's levee last year, 
attached to the court, were the king's 
Serjeant porters, the gentlemen and 
groom porters, and under-porters. 
His royal highness's equerries came 
in the king's carriages. The band 
played " God save the King" from 
the time the royal dukes entered the 
yard till they entered the grand hall. 
All the dukes came in state, except 
the Duke of York ; the Duke of 
Clarence came in the Duke of Kent's 
carriage ; the company continued to 
arrive till about half past three o'- 
clock, with very little cessation. A- 
bout two o'clock the prince left his 
private apartments, and proceeded to 
the state room, attended by Colonel 
M'Mahon, General Turner, General 
Keppel, Colonels Bloomfield, Con- 
greve, and Palmer, together with the 
LordChamberlain, the Lord Steward , 
the groom of the stole, gold stick 



(Earl Harrington) and several other 
state attendants. His royal highness 
remained in the room attached to the 
levee room, where those who had the 
privilege of the ^n^re were assembled, 
such as the cabinet ministers, most of 
those who have been in office, the 
foreign ministers, &c. &c. ; this pri- 
vilege granted by the king is to be 
strictly adhered to, as it was at St 
James's Palace, and for this and other 
special purposes, the prince has been 
pleased to appoint his majesty's re- 
sident page to the same office under 
his royal highness, to the satisfaction 
of all the royal family and nobility. 
After those assembled in the privi- 
lege-room had paid their respects to 
his royal highness, he proceeded to 
the levee-room, where he received the 
distinguished list of personages pre- 
sent. 

i6th. — The long-talked-of matri- 
monial alliance, between Mr Pole 
(now Wellesley) and Miss Tylney 
Long, took place on Saturday even- 
ing. The parties met at Lord Mont- 
gomerie's house, in Hamilton-place, 
Piccadilly, at five o'clock; and, about 
six, went, in Lady Catharine Lo ng's 
coach, to St James's church, in Pic- 
cadilly. The Marquis of Wellesley 
handed Miss Long out of the car- 
riage, and conducted her through the 
recto'-'s house (Dr Andrews) to the 
altar of Hymen. There were pre- 
sent at the ceremony (which was 
performed by Dr Glasse, Rector of 
Wanstead) Mr Secretary Pole, Lady 
Catharine Long, Miss Diana Long, 
and Miss Emma Long ; the two lat- 
ter were the bride's maids. The usual 
forms being gone through, the happy 
couple retired by the southern gate, 
which leads through the church-yard, 
into Jermyn-street. Here a new and 
magnificent equipage was in waiting 
to receive them ; it was a singularly 



SS EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 181?. [Maech 17—18. 



elegant chariot painted a bright yel- 
low, and highly emblazoned, drawn 
by four beautiful Arabian grey horses, 
attended by two postillions, in brown 
jackets, with superbly embroidered 
badges in gold, emblematic of the 
united arms of the Wellesley and 
Tylney families. The new-marricd 
pair drove off with great speed for 
Blackheath, intending to pass the 
night at that tasteful chateau belong- 
ing to the bridegroom's father, and 
thence proceed to Wanstead House, 
in Essex, on the following day, to 
pass the honey-moon. 

The bride's dress excelled, in cost- 
liness and beauty, the celebrated one 
worn by Lady Morpeth, at th* time 
of her marriage, which was exhibited 
for a fortnight at least, by her mo- 
ther the late Duchess of Devonshire. 
The dress of the present bride con- 
sisted of a robe of real Brussels point 
lace ; the device a simple sprig ; it was 
placed over white satin. The head 
•was ornamented with a cottage bon- 
net, of the same material, viz. Brus- 
sels lace, with two ostrich feathers. 
She likewise wore a deep lace veil, 
and a white satin pelisse, trimmed 
with swansdown. The dress cost 
700 guineas ; the bonnet 150 ; and 
the veil 200/. Mr Pole vi'ore a plain 
blue coat, with yellovr buttons, a 
■white waistcoat, and buff breeches, 
and white silk stockings. The lady 
looked very pretty and interesting. 

Yesterday, the wedding favours 
were distributed among their nume- 
rous friends ; the number exceeded 
eight hundred, composed wholly of 
s'lver, and unique in form ; those for 
ladies having an acorn in the centre, 
and the gentlemen's a star ; each cost 
a guinea and a half. The inferior 
pnes, for their domestics and others, 
were made of white satin ribbon, with 
silver stars, and silver balls and fringe. 



The lady's jewels consist principally 
of a brilliant necklace and ear-rings ; 
the former cost twenty-five thousand 
guineas. Every domestic in the fa- 
mily of Lady Catharine Long has 
been liberally provided for ; they all 
have had annuities settled upon them 
for life ; and Mrs Tylney Long Pole 
Wellesley *s own waiting-woman, who 
was nurse to her in her infancy, has 
been liberally considered. 

17th. — Dublin. — On Friday last, 
near Rathangan, one of the canal 
boats, loaded with potatoes, was 
seized upon, by a mob who took 
the potatoes out, and gave them for 
safe-keeping to the adjacent inhabi- 
tants, to be brought the next mar- 
ket day forth for public sale. We 
understand that threatening notices 
have been sent to persons who have 
corn and potatoes in store at Monas- 
tereven, intimating the intention of 
taking away, by force, those articles 
of food. Labourers and masons are 
threatened with being carded, who 
shall presume to repair any part of 
the canal which had been broken 
down for the purpose of impeding 
the conveyance of provisions to the 
metropolis. Potatoes are increasing 
in price, owing to the shortness of 
the last crop, but the same cause for 
a high price in oatmeal does not ex- 
ist. There is a considerable quantity 
of unthreshed oats yet in the farmers' 
barns, besides other very abundant 
stores. 

18th — The Earl of Uxbridg^ died 
on Friday, at Uxbridge- House, Sa- 
ville-Row. His death was hastened 
by an event which happened a few 
days before. Two of his servants 
were helping him to walk from one 
room to another, and one of them 
quitted his lordship's arm, in order 
to shut the door ; the other servant 
had not strength enough to sustain 



March 18.] 



CHRONICLE. 



39 



his master singly, and they both fell ; 
inconsequence, one of the noble lord's 
ribs was broken, and he lingered till 
Friday, when he was released from 
all mortal sufferance. — His lordship 
was sixty-seven years old. Lord Pa- 
get, his eldest son, succeeds to his ti- 
tles and honours. 

A very sudden and- fatal accident 
occurred on Sunday se'ennight, at 
the distiller)'^ of Messrs. Hewit and 
CO. on the Water-course, Cork. The 
iron hoops of a large worm cooler, 
which contained nearly sixty thou- 
sand gallons of water, suddenly burst, 
and this vast body, which in a mo- 
ment became unconfined, impetuous- 
ly spread aiKl overwhelmed every 
thing which presented any resistance 
to it. A wall which was immediately 
between this large vessel and the 
street, was forced from its position, 
and two females, who were passing, 
killed, and one so dreadfully bruised 
as to render the amputation of both 
legs necessary to preserve life. 

Anniversary of St Patrick. — 
Yesterday there was a very nume- 
rous meeting at dinner at the Free- 
masons Tavern ,in commemoration of 
St Patrick, the tutelar saint of Ire- 
land. The Marquis of Lansdowne 
presided, supported by the Earl of 
Moira on his right hand, and the 
Marquis of Downshire on his left. 
Besides a number of Irish noblemen 
and gentlemen, the Lord Mayor and 
sheriffs of the city of London were 
present. After dinner was over. 

The Marquis of Lansdowne, after 
expressing the satisfaction he felt at 
addressing so numerous and respecta- 
ble a meeting of Irishmen, thought 
necessary, however, to state, that 
the exclusive object of the meeting 
was to support the charitable institu- 
tion for the maintenance and educa- 
tion of the children of Irish parents 



in this metropolis. He, therefore, 
hoped, that political feelings would, 
at least for this night, be suppress- 
ed ; and that, excepting the hilarity 
which was naturally to be expected 
from a meeting of Irishmen, there 
would be no other feehng predomi- 
nant upon this occasion except that 
of charity. He then proceeded to 
propose the firsttoast — "The King." 

This toast was drank with three 
times three, and was received with 
enthusiasm. It was followed by the 
air of " God save the King," which 
was sung in a very superior style, and 
with full chorus. 

The Marquis of Lansdowne, after 
a few introductory observations, gave 
" The Prince Regent." 

This toast was warmly applauded 
by a part of the company, and recei- 
ved with murmurs by others. 

The following were among the 
toasts given in the course of the even- 
ing :— 

" The Queen and the rest of the 
Royal Family." — « The Army and 
Navy." — " Lord WeUington, the 
Army in Portugal, and the Cause of 
the Peninsula." — « The Lord May- 
or, Sheriffs, and Corporation of the 
City of London." — " The benevo- 
lent Society of St Patrick," &c. 

On the health of Mr Sheridan be- 
ing proposed, he shortly observed, 
that the present occasion was pecu- 
liarly devoted to the purposes of so- 
cial charity, and not at all proper for 
the introduction of politics. He 
could not help remarking, however, 
the silent and surly manner in which 
the health of the prince regent had 
been drank by at least a part of the 
company. He confessed frankly, 
that, knowing, as he did, the unal- 
tered and unalterable sentiments of 
that illustrious personage towards 
Ireland, he could not conceal from 



40 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March 1». 

the meeting that he had felt consi- 
derably shocked at the circumstance. 
Mr S. said, that he knew the prince 
regent well ; he knew his principles ; 
and, go well satisfied was he, that 
they were all that Ireland could wish, 
that he (Mr S.) hoped, that as he 
had lived up to them, bo he might 
die in the principles of the prince re- 

gent — {Hisses and applauses) He 

could only assure them, that the 
prince regent remained unchangeably 
true to those principles. ( Here the 
clamour became so loud and general, 
that nothing more could be collect- 
ed.) 

in the course of the evening a col- 
lection was made amounting to up- 
wards of 17001. including donations 
previously sent. 

There was an immense display of 
shamrocks yesterday. The Irish la- 
bourers, at work on Drury Lane 
Theatre, erected flags on two of 
the loftiest poles of the scaffolding 
in honour of the anniversary of the 
birth of St Patrick. Lord Castle- 
reagh wore a large shamrock in the 
House of Commons. 

19th This day John Home 

Tooke died at Wimbledon. This ex- 
traordinary man has flourished so 
long, and acted a part in the world so 
remarkable and diversified, that it is 
not within our limits to attempt fur- 
ther than an outline of his life. Neither 
indeed is it necessary, to those who are 
at all acquainted with our literature 
or domestic history for the last forty 
years to delineate ,a man who has 
been so conspicuous in both. We 
consider his literary character to be 
already immovably fixed, and that 
there is no man of ingenuity who 
does not lament to see the clese of his 
philological labours. As a man of 
jwit and general talents, he will be 
likewise allowed on ^1 hands to stand 



in the highest rank ; as a companion, 
well bred, affable, cheerful, entertain- 
ing, instructive, and in raillery to have 
been, perhaps, without an equal. — Mr 
Tooke was in the 77th year of his 
age. He had been for several weeks 
in a declining state, and had lost the 
use of his lower extremities. A few 
days ago mortification appeared, and 
rapidly advanced. Dr Pearson, Mr 
Cline, Mr Tooke's two daughters, 
and Sir Francis Burdett, attended on 
him, and he was informed that hi* 
dissolution was approaching. He sig- 
nified, with a placid look, that he 
was fully prepared, and had reason 
to be grateful for having passed sa 
long and so happy a life, which he 
would willingly have had extended if 
it had been possible. He expressed 
much satisfaction that he should be 
surrounded in his last moments by 
those who were most dear to him. 
He professed his perfect confidence 
in the existence of a Supreme Being, 
whose final purpose was the happiness 
of his creatures, The eccentric fa- 
cetiousness for which he was so re- 
markable did not forsake him till he 
became speechless, and even then his 
looks wore an aspect of cheerful re- 
signation. A short time before his 
death, when he was supposed to be 
in a state of entire insensibility. Sir 
Francis Burdett mixed up a cordial 
for him, which his medical friends 
told the baronet it would be to no 
purpose to administer, but Sir Fran- 
cis persevered in offering it, and rai- 
sed Mr Tooke with that view. The 
latter opened his eyes, and seeing who 
offered the draught, took the glass 
and drank the contents with eager- 
ness. He had previously observed, 
that he should not be like the man 
at Strasburgh, who, when doomed to 
death, requested time to pray, till 
the patience of the magistrates wa« 



March 20.] 



CHRONICLE. 



41 



exhausted, and then, as a last expe- 
dient, begged to be permitted to close 
his life with his favourite amusement 
of nine pins, but who kept bowling 
on, with an evident determination 
never to finish the game. — He desi" 
red that no funeral ceremony should 
be said over his remains, and that six 
x)f the poorest men in the parish should 
have a guinea each for bearing him to 
the vault which had been prepared in 
bis garden. 

On Friday last a jury was sum- 
moned by the sheriff of the county, 
to assemble at Leith, for the purpose 
of valuing certain pieces of ground 
near the wet docks, which are neces- 
sary for carrying on the improve- 
ments in that quarter. After visiting 
the grounds in question, and hearing 
counsel for the city of Edinburgh 
and the proprietors, the jury, after 
an excellent charge from the sheriff, 
awarded to the proprietors ^\. lOs. 
as the value per square yard, or about 
22,0001. per acre. 

20th. — Antigua and St Christo- 
pher's gazettes to the end of Decem- 
ber have arrived. The former states, 
that General Miranda, commander-in- 
chief of the forces at Caraccas, had 
entered into a compact with the 
Trench, by which he agrees to ad- 
mit into his ports all prizes made 
from the British. Several captured 
vessels are said to have arrived there, 
most of which, with their cargoes, 
Avere purchased on account of Mi- 
randa. It was reported at Antigua, 
that, in consequence of the facilitie* 
afforded by Miranda, sixteen more 
French corvettes were expected in 
•those seas. 

An alteration, it appears, is about 
to take place in the uniforms of the 
officers of the navy. The admirals 
are to have white lappels to their 
«oat8, bound round with broad gold 



lace, and the buttons to be nearly si- 
milar to those worn by field-marshals. 
The dress in which the Duke of Cla- 
rence appeared at the recent levee of 
the prince regent was of this descrip- 
tion, and was decorated with a pro- 
fusion of gold lace. It is supposed 
that the alteration will take place on 
the 4th of June. — The present dress 
was ordered seventeen years ago. 

The demand for seamen is so great, 
that the impress officers take nearly 
from all protections. The indulgence 
which has hitherto been granted by 
the Admiralty of discharging men on 
certain conditions, is suspended, ac- 
cording to report, during the present 
exigency. 

French Licenses. — It has alrea- 
dy been stated, that the Board of 
Trade had refused to comply with 
so much of the terms of the French 
licenses as specified that exportations 
were first to be made from France, 
before any importation from Eng- 
land should be admitted. On this 
subject several applications have been 
made to the Board of Trade by the 
merchants interested in the commerce 
with France. Tuesday the applica- 
tions were renewed, when the Board 
of Trade agreed to an arrangement, 
with which the merchants appeared 
satisfied, of which these are the con^ 
ditions : — 

To admit the following articles to 
be imported from any port between 
the river Ems and Caen, provided 
that the vessel in which they are im- 
ported is of 100 tons burden or up- 
wards. 

Articles allowed to be imported: 
— Cheese, seeds, fruits, bristles, clink- 
ers, threads and tapes, perfumery, 
silk, thrown and organsined, linens, 
lawns, cambrics, lace, quicksilver, 
rushes, linen-flax and yarn, jewdlery, 
bronze, and book.f. 



42 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March 20, 



The articles, when imported, are 
to be warehoused under the joint 
lock of the crown and the merchant, 
until the counter-exportation shall 
have been made, conformably to the 
conditionsprescribed and made known 
by government. 

With respect to the staple com- 
modities of France, such as wine and 
brandies, no alteration has taken place. 

Trial of the Nottingham Ri- 
oters. — The grand jury were sworn 
in on Monday, and Mr Justice Bailey 
addressed them to the following ef- 
fect : 

" Gentlemen, — Nothing could 
give me greater satisfaction, amidst 
the troubled state to which this im- 
portant county has been reduced by 
a number of misguided individuals, 
than to see so respectable a jury as- 
sembled, as a barrier between guilt 
and innocence ; and as a safeguard to 
property, to our liberties, and to our 
lives. The cakndar laid before me 
Joes credit to the moral state of the 
county, with the exception of one 
crime, which swells the awful list." 

William Carnel, aged 22, and Jo- 
seph Maples, aged 16 years, were 
put to the bar, and pleaded not guil- 
ty. The witnesses were then called. 

Elizabeth Braithwaite stated, that 
in January last, her husband was a 
Btocking-jnaker, residing at Old Bash- 
ford, who kept seven plain cotton 
frames occupied by five apprentices, 
one journeyman of the name of Towl- 
son, and himself. On the 3d of Jan. 
in the evening, a person knocked at 
the door, and asked for Towlson. 
The door was bolted, but before she 
could open it, it was forced, and a 
man entered, whom she believed to 
be Carnel ; that he walked into the 
shop with a hammer, and broke the 
end of a slur-bar ; eleven more fol- 
lowed, and the first man who entered 



stood as guard to the rest. On be- 
ing desired to point Carnel out, and 
to look at one of the sherifPs officers, 
who stood near to Carnel, she pointed 
out the man, and said, that is Carnel. 
She was then asked, whether she knew 
any other person near him, when she 
pointed to another in the prisoner's 
box, and said, that is Maples. She 
said, that Carnel had given her hus- 
band a nudge over the shoulder with 
a hammer, in consequence of which 
he had been lame ever since. Maples 
clapped a pistol to her breast, with 
this exclamation, " Hang you, I'll 
shoot you, if you d«n't hold your 
noise." She seized the pistol, turn- 
ed the muzzle towards his throat, 
and drew the trigger ; had it gone off 
must have shot him, but believes it 
was not charged. In the mean time 
she heard some one call out, *• My 
lads, work on," when the hammers 
went like those in a smith's shop. 
The mischief was all done in about 
20 minutes. 

The evidence on the part of the 
crown being closed, the prisoners were 
called upon for their defence, when 
Carnel declared, that Mrs Braith- 
waite had made a different statement 
before the magistrates when he was 
committed, to what she had done 
then, respecting his treatment of her 
husband, as she had then admitted, 
that instead of his nudging her hus- 
band with a hammer, he had, she 
believed, been the means of saving 
his life. On the part of Maples it 
was stated on oath, by Sarah Raw- 
son, Ann Rawson, and Joseph Raw- 
son, that he, on the evening the frames 
were broken, was at the house of the 
latter, from a quarter before seven 
till past twelve o'clock, and had ne- 
ver been away more than two or three 
minutes that whole time. Francis 
SysoH made oath, that Carnel was at 



March 21.] 



CHRONICLE 



45 



his house, on business, from half past 
six till ten minutes before eight, on 
the night the frames were broken ; 
three other witnesses spoke to the 
same effect. 

After a trial of six hours, the jury 
returned a verdict of Not Guilty t for 
Maples, and Guilty of Frame-break- 
ing against Camel ; when his lord- 
ship desired them to reconsider their 
verdict, pointing out the impropriety 
of disuniting the burglarious entry 
from the simple felony of breaking 
the frames ; but all the alteration 
wiiich the jury chose to make was, 
to find them both guilty of frame- 
breaking only, thus doing away the 
capital part of the charge. His lord- 
ship then addreseed the prisoners in 
a solemn and impressive manner, and 
told them, that if the burglarious 
part of the charge had been found 
against them, he should have found 
himself obliged, for the sake of an 
example, and to put an end to such 
disgraceful outrages, to have exerted 
the full authority of the law ; as it 
was, he had only power to sentence 
them to transportation for fourteen 
years. 

Robert Foley, aged 16, was char- 
ged with frame-breaking, at Sutton, 
in Ashfield. He pleaded guilty. — 
The judge sentenced him to seven 
years transportation. 

J. Peck, aged 17, for frame-break- 
ing at Sutton, in Ashfield, was found 
Guilty^ and sentenced to transporta- 
tion for fourteen years. 

On Wednesday, Benjamin Han- 
cock, aged 21, was tried for the same 
offence, found Guilty, and sentenced 
to fourteen years transportation ; as 
were Marshal and Green to seven 
years transportation. 

21st.— Bury.— Edmund, alias Ed- 
ward Thrower, was indicted for the 
ipurder of Elizabeth Carter, at Crat- 



field, Suffolk, on the 16th of October 
l793. This prisoner was brought to 
justice by a chapter of accidents. He 
confessed the murder to one Heads 
soon after it was committed ; but 
Heads, according to his statement, 
knew he was so much given to speaking 
falsehoods, that he disbelieved him. 
The murder is just similar to that of 
the Man- and Williamson families. 
The prisoner went alone and knocked 
out the brains of Elizabeth Carter, a« 
she was fastening her window shutter, 
and then he went into the house and 
killed her father in a similar manner, 
whilst the old man was sitting in his 
arm chair. Some years after this. 
Heads, who had never before heard 
from any one but the prisoner that a 
murder of this sort had been commitr 
ted, heard a brother felon in Norwich 
gaol lamenting that he had always 
been suspected of that murder inno- 
cently, and Heads recollected the 
confession the prisoner had made to 
him several years ago, of which he 
had made depositions before two ma- 
gistrates, eleven years since, but 
Thrower, the prisoner, was never 
heard of, and supposed to be dead. 
At the time of the general alarm at 
the horrid murder of the Marr and 
Williamson families, Mr Archdeacon 
Oldershaw, a magistrate, was obser- 
ving to a Mr Fox, in common conver- 
sation, that a murder resembling those 
occurred at Cratfield 19 years ago ; 
and in mentioning his taking the de- 
positionofHeadSjheobserved Throw- 
er was suspected, but he never was 
found. Now Mr Fox had a legacy 
to pay Thrower's wife, which could 
not be done without her husband's 
signature, and through this incident 
the prisoner was taken into custody, 
as well as Heads, both of whom had 
been transported. 

H<;ad8, in his evidence, told ths 



44- EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March 233. 



same story he had done eleven years 
ago, of the prisoner's confession ; and 
a person proved having heard a fe- 
male shriek on the night of the mur- 
der, and that he aa.w a man run from 
the house. The body of the young 
woman was proved to have been found 
in the garden, which corroborated 
Head's story. There being other 
strong circumstantial evidence, the 
prisoner was found Quilty, and or- 
dered for execution on Monday at 
Ipswich, and afterwards his body to 
be dissected. 
23d.— Edinburgh.— High Court 

OF Justiciary On Friday came 

on the trial of Hugh M'lntosht Niel 
Sutherland, and Hugh M'Donald, 
{who went by the nickname of ^oc<- 
stxsain) three of the persons accused 
of being guilty of the riots on the 
Btreets of Edinburgh, on the last 
night of the year 181 1, and first morn- 
ing of the new year. 

James Johnstone, a journeyman 
mason, was also indicted to stand 
trial, but he had made his escape. 

The following charges were then 
made against the prisoners, tp which 
they pleaded Not Guilty, 

Of having, between the hours of 
ten of the night of the 8 1st of De- 
cember, 1811, and four of the morn- 
ing of the 1st of January, 1812: — 

1. On the High-street, and near 
the head of the Stamp-office Close, 
Edinburgh, wickedly and feloniously 
assaulting, and mortally wounding, 
Dugald Campbell, then one of the 
police watchmen of Edinburgh, by 
striking him on the head, and other 
parts of his body, with sticks and 
blu;lgeons, in consequence of which 
the said Dugald Campbell died a few 
days thereafter. 

2. At the same place, assaulting 
and knocking down Ensign Hum- 
phry Cochrane, «f the Renfrewshire 



militia, and robbing him of a silver 
watch, watch-chain, seals, two guinea 
notes, some silver, and two handker- 
chiefs. 

3. On North Bridge -street, and 
near to the General Post-office, as- 
saulting and knocking down R. H. 
Laurie, clerk to J. Jollie, W. S. and 
robbing him of a gold seal and watch- 
chain, and five shillings in silver. 

4. On North Bridge-street, and 
near the shop of R. Johnstone, gro- 
cer, assaulting and knocking dowa 
G. R. A. Browne, Esq. residing in 
Duke-street, and robbing him of 41. 
in bank notes, 10s. in silver, a pen- 
knife, and a man's round hat. 

5. Near to the Tron Church, and 
either upon the High-street, Hun- 
ter's square, the South or North 
Bridge, assaulting andknockingdown 
Francis James Hughes, residing in 
Nicholson's-street, and robbing him 
of a gold repeating watch, watch- 
chain, four seals, &c. and a man'* 
round hat. 

6. At the same place, assaulting 
Nicol Allan, manager of the Hercu- 
les Assurance Company, and robbing 
him of a watch, watch-chain, two 
seals, and fourteen shillings in silver. 

7. On the South Bridge, or ia 
Adam's-square, and near to the stair 
which leads into Barclay's tavern, as- 
saulting and knocking down Duncan 
Ferguson, clerk to W. Campbell, 
W. S. and robbing him of a seal, 
watch-key, man's round hat, and 9s. 
in silver. 

8. Near the Tron Church, and on 
the South Bridge, assaulting D. S. 
K. M'Laurin, residing in Drum- 
mond-street, and robbing him of two 
watch-cases, a pocket-handkerchief, 
a man's round hat, and 6s. in silver. 

9. Near the south end of the North 
Bridge, assaulting and knockmgdown 
J. B. Biodie, writer, residing in York 

5 



March 23.] 



CHRONICLE. 



45 



Plactj and robbing him of a watch, 
with a shagreen case, watch ribbon, 
four seals, a gold watch-key, a blue 
morocco leather purse, containing a 
©ne pound bank note, a Vs. piece, 88. 
in silver, and a man's round hat. 

10. On the South Bridge, assault- 
ing Duncan M'Lauchlan, student of 
medicine, residing in Richmond Place, 
and robbing him of a man's round hat, 
a pocket-handkerchief, and a pair of 
gloves. 

11. At the same place, assaulting 
and knocking down Peter Bruce, re- 
siding in Richmond Place, and rob- 
bing him of a green silk purse, 5s. 6d. 
in silver, a gold ring, and a man's 
round hat. 

Evidence for the Cwun. 

John Thomson deponed, a« to Du- 
gald Campbell, the police man, being 
beat and bruised by a number of lads. 
His wounds were bad and bloody, 
and his death violent. Several wit- 
nesses corroborated this evidence. 

Francis James Hughes was on the 
street the last night of the year, and 
was attacked and robbed of a gold 
watch, with four seals, between the 
North and South Bridges, when re- 
turning home about twelve o'clock. 
Does not think he would know any 
of those who attacked him. He was 
several times knocked down and cut, 
in going from the North to the 
South Bridge. 

Nicol Allan was on the street about 
one o'clock, and in passing Weddell's 
shop was knocked down by a blow on 
the head from a single individual. On 
recoveringhe walked up streets, where 
he saw several persons join the first, 
and was again knocked down and rob- 
bed. 

Duncan Ferguson was in Barclay's 
tavern on the last night of the year, 
«nd left it about twelve o'clock. 
Upon leaving it, he saw a nwmber «f 



young lads pursuing a gentleman, 
who escaped into the tavern. They 
then turned upon the witness and 
two gentlemen who vrere with him, 
from whom he was separated, and he 
was beat, bruised, and Knocked down, 
and his hat taken from him. Was 
struck with a large bludgeon of the 
appearance of one on the table. 

John Buchan Brodie. — When at 
the corner of the North Bridge saw 
some young men come out of Milne's 
Square. One of them came dowii 
streets by himself, followed by the 
others, when witness supposing they 
had mistakea him and the gentleman 
with him for people they might have 
had a previous quarrel with, said, "You 
see we are not the persons you want," 
The witness then got a violent blow 
from theone byhimself, whichknock- 
ed hinj down, and, on getting up and 
attempting to run by the South 
Bridge, received a great many blows, 
and was knocked down a second time* 
On recovering and calling out, *♦ Po- 
lice," the person who knocked him 
first down came up, and said, " Oh, 
you b- , the police is gone long- 
ago," and again knocked him down. 
On recovering this time, he was stand- 
ing at Mr Patison's shop — tliere was 
a hand in each pocket, a great num- 
ber round him, a person pulling his 
watch-chain, and a little boy taking 
his hat. — ^He took his hat from the 
boy, but afterwards lost it. Thinks 
Niel Sutherland very like the one 
that struck him, but cannot identify 
him. 

James Black was on the street be- 
tween eleven and twelve, and saw 
Campbell chased. Saw Johnston 
knock him down— he tripped him, 
and struck him with a stick as he was 
falling. This was a little above 
Milne's square, but below the Flesh- 
market Clase. — Campbell was siir 



46 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March 23. 



rounded by a mob oti being knocked 
down, and was struck by several. 
Witness knows M'Donald by the 
same of Boatswain ; saw him give 
Campbell a kick when lying on the 
street, and heard him say, " he's 
well out of the way." Identified Su- 
t^herland ; saw him in the mob, with 
a stick in his hand, but not doing any 
ill. Saw Mcintosh also in the mob : 
he struck Campbell with a stick 
when lying on the pavement, but 
does not know what kind. Witness 
and another person attempted to lift 
Campbell, who was all running with 
blood and insensible, but witness got 
a blow on the wrist, which forced 
him to let go his hold. 

.Tohn Thomson was on the streets, 
and heard a cry of " There was a police- 
man going up." On this the crowd 
ran up streets also, and among the 
rest saw the prisoners run. Witness 
went with the mob, saw a policeman 
lying, and several striking him They 
went to the other side of the street, 
where a lady and gentleman were 
passing, when the gentleman was at- 
tacked and knocked down. He did 
not hear Boatswain's name till about 
a quarter of an hour after the lady 
and gentleman were attacked — nor 
those of M'Intosh or Sutherland. 
Heard one ask another who it was, 
and was answered the Royal Arch (a 
name Campbell was known by). — 
Campbell was lying on the ground 
when witness first came up — is not 
sure of Sutherland, but positive of 
M'Intosh. 

George Brown was on the street 
before twelve, where he saw Campbell 
lying. M'Donald and Johaston were 
beside him with sticks, but did not 
see them strike him— they said he had 
plenty. Saw M'Donald and Clark 
attack a gentleman on the North 
Bridge after Campbell — M'Donald 
attacked him first, and he defended 



himself, but the stick flew out of his 
hand. 

James Burges was also on the street 
before twelve, and saw the mob on 
the South Bridge knocking down 
gentlemen. Witness was two or 
three hours on the street, during 
which he saw M'Intosh on the Soutk 
and North Bridges, knocking down 
gentlemen. One, in particular, near 
the Post-office. M'Intosh had a stick 
with a large head, but could not say 
whether the one shewn him was it. 
Identified M'Donald, whom he saw 
very active, on the North and South 
Bridges, employed like M'Intosh. 

John Tasker, prisoner in the Ca- 
nongate jail, said, that he knew of a 
number of lads who used to meet at 
the bottom of Niddry-street, when 
they came from their work, about 
nine o'clock. Sometimes they met 
thrice a-week, and witness has fre- 
quented these meetings more than 
half a year ; that he knows the pri- 
soners, who were accustomed to come 
to those meetings ; that the purpose 
of the meeting was to pick quarrel* 
with people, and to strike them, but 
never saw them take any thing ; has 
heard that things were taken, and 
given to one Caw j has heard that 
cheeses were disposed of in this way, 
and has got whisky as part of his 
share ; that he has heard them called 
the Keellie Gang ; that three or four 
weeks before the new year, he heard 
of a plan to give the police a licking 
(beating), and some of them said 
that they would have a good hat ; 
that it was the prisoners who said so. 
On the evening of the 31st they had 
all sticks, and Sutherland said he wa* 
resolved to have a good hat ; that he 
saw Johnston knock down a police- 
man, and M'Intosh also struck him 
with the stick he now sees in court ; 
Johnston's gang was chasing a gen- 
tlemaa down the street, whom John- 



March 23.] 



CHRONICLE. 



4-7 



ston knocked down, and he fell into 
a close ; and both the parties came 
to the South Bridge, when two gen- 
tlemen were attacked, one of whom 
was knocl-ed down by Johnston, and 
something taken from one of them, 
which he heard was a watch ; that 
M'Intosh, Gun, White, and others, 
were present when Johnston took a 
watch from a gentleman. They af- 
terwards went to the North Bridge, 
and came back and chased three gen- 
tlemen along the South Bridge, one 
of them was knocked down by Gun, 
and M'Intosh also struck him on the 
head. Sutherland was also there. 
Heard Johnston call to the gentleman 
to deliver up his money, and he gave 
them some ; that he saw a gentleman 
attacked near Barclay's tavern, who 
was knocked down by M'Intosh, and 
when the gentleman was lying, M'In- 
tosh stooped down, but does not know 
what he took. Witness and M'In- 
tosh went into a stair on the South 
Bridge, about half past two, when 
Mcintosh shewed him some gold cases 
and two watches, and asked if they 
were worth any thing ; witness said 
they were. Being shewn Mr Allan's 
watch, thinks it is like one of them 
M'Intosh shewed him. 

John Kidd, prisoner in the tolbooth 
of Edinburgh, said, that he knew of 
a meeting of lads in Niddry-street, 
and has seen the prisoners there ; 
they went about the houses in the 
stairs, picking quarrels, and obliging 
the people to give them whisky ; 
knew there were similar meetings in 
the Canongate and Grassmarket ; 
about a week before the New Year, 
some of the party had a conversation 
respecting taking hats, and any thing 
else they could get ; M'Intosh de- 
sired Sutherland to tell the Canon- 
gate lads to come up on the last night 
of the year ; the reason fur attacking 



the police was to clear them off the 
street, to get the easier at the gentle- 
men ; on the evening of the 31 8t of 
December, it was proposed that M*- 
Intosh should get all the booty, 
which was to be afterwards divided 
among the party ; the prisoners were 
the chief of the Niddry-street gang ; 
the whole party met at the Tron 
Church about eleven o'clock, and 
were joined by Johnston and the Ca- 
nongate party ; there were about ado- 
zen in each party*, M'Intosh wasin the 
party when Campbell was attacked, 
and he struck him with a stick on the 
head after he was lying on the ground ; 
in the course of the night he saw a 
number of gentlemen attacked, knock- 
ed down, and robbed ; but no trades- 
man was attacked ; M'Intosh was 
very active in those attacks, he saw 
Sutherland attack several gentlemen. 
Several of these particulars were 
also proved by other witnesses. 

William Swan, prisoner in Edin- 
burgh jail, said, that M'Intosh and 
Sutherland came to his lodging with 
two trunks and a watch. There were 
clothes in one of the trunks, and they 
were packed up and carried to the 
Glasgow carrier's, whither M'Intosh 
and Sutherland said they were going, 
Archibald M'Kechnie, hatter, 
Glasgow, said, that on the 3d of Ja- 
nuary, two young men came to lodge 
in his house, and staid till Monday 
after ; on that day they sent a girl 
(Ann Gemmell), for the largest 
trunk, as they were going to Gree- 
nock and would return again soon. 
The girl accordingly got the trunk. 
Charles Brown, lately prisoner ia 
Glasgow, said, that he had been a 
prisoner in Glasgow jail, and recol- 
lects M'Intosh being brought into 
the same cell with him. One Dua- 
kison was there also. Remembers 
M'Intosh writing a line, which he 



4^ EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March 2«. 



gave to Dunkison, which line was 
afterwards given by Dunkison to 
Ann Gemmell ; that some time after 
the girl returned, and gave Dunkison 
a pocket-book, which contained three 
notes, a breast-pm, and some silver ; 
Dunkison gave the girl a note to 
change, and bring in some potatoes, 
desiring her to brmg in the watches 
under the potatoes, which was ac- 
cordingly done By this time M*- 
Intosh was gone to Edinburgh in 
custody. That Dugald Thomson got 
two watches, and afterwards another 
silver one, to raise some money ; one 
White got another watch to keep for 
Dunkison, which watch, he thinks, 
38 the one now shewn him (Mr Al- 
lan's) ; that Dunkison gave the wit- 
ness a silver watch, which he gave to 
his mother. 

[John Dunkison, or Dunkinson, or 
Lyall, was cited as a witness, and was 
brought from Glasgow jail, where he 
was a prisoner, but he was not exa- 
mined. — When Archibald Campbell 
•was sent to Glasgow to apprehend 
M'Intosh and Sutherland, he identi- 
fied Dunkison, then in Glasgow jail, 
to be John Ly all, thebrotherof Adam 
Lyall, who was executed here in the 
course of last year, for robbing Mr 
Boyd on the Sheriffmuir. He was 
indicted along with his brother ; but 
he was not tried, as it was certified 
that he was insane. He has now, 
however, recovered his senses, and at 
present stands charged with commit- 
ting another highway robbery.] 

Several witnesses from Glasgow 
identified several or' the watches and 
other articles specified in the indict- 
ments, that had been carried to Glas- 
gow by M'Intosh and Sutherland. 

Some exculpatory witnesses were 
called for the prisoners, who bore tes- 
timony, in general terms, to the for- 
mer good character of the prisoners. 



The judicial declarations of the pri- 
soners were then read to the jury. 
They all denied their accession to the 
crimes libelled. M'Donald account- 
ed for his absconding, by the circum- 
stance of his having been formerly a 
seaman, and his fear of being pressed* 
Sutherland said he had gone to Glas- 
gow in search of work. M'Intosh 
had written a letter to the magis- 
trates, offering to disclose the whole 
circumstances, but endeavoured to 
account for his possession of the 
watches, by alleging he got them 
from other boys, &c. — This closed 
the case for the crown. 

The jury returned their verdict, all 
in one voice, finding the pannel. Hugh 
M'Intosh, guiltj/ of the murder of 
Dugald Campbell, Hugh M'Donald, 
Hugh M'Intosh, and Niel Suther- 
land, guilty of robbing Ensign Hum- 
phry Cochrane of his silver watch ; 
and, further, finding the said pannels, 
Hugh M'Donald, Hugh M'Intosh, 
and Niel Sutherland, guiltj/ of rob- 
bing Nicol Allan of his yellow metal 
hunting watch, as libelled. 

Their lordships, in delivering their 
opinions, expressed in strong terms 
the horror they felt at the extent of 
the guilt and depravity which the evi- 
dence on this trial unfolded. 

Sentence was then pronounced up- 
on the prisoners, which ordained them 
to be taken back to the tolbooth of 
Edinburgh, where they were to be 
kept till Wednesday the 22d day of 
April, when the said Hugh M'Do- 
nald, Hugh M'Intosh, and Niel Su- 
therland, were to be taken forth of 
the said tolbooth, to some place of 
the High-street of the city of Edin- 
burgh, opposite to the Stamp-ofEce 
Close, or nearly so, and then and 
there, betwixt the hours of two and 
four o'clock afternoon, to be hanged 
by their necks, by the hands of the 



March 24—30] 



CHRONICLE. 



49 



common executioner, upon a gibbet, 
to be erected there for that purpose, 
until they be dead ; and the body of 
the said Hugh M'Intosh to be pub- 
licly dissected and anatomised. 

The pannels, who are young lads 
of from sixteen to nineteen years of 
age, seemed but little affected. The 
court, and all the avenues to it, were 
greatly crowded at a very early hour, 
and a picket of 100 men of the 1st 
regiment of Royal Edinburgh volun- 
teers attended, during the whole time, 
to preserve order. 

Sith. — Whitehall. — His Royal 
Highness the Prince Regent has been 
pleased in the name, and on the be- 
half of his majesty, to constitute and 
appoint the Right Hon. Robert Vis- 
count Melville, William Domett, Esq. 
Vice-Admiral of the White Squadron 
of his Majesty's Fleet ; Sir Joseph 
Sydney Yorke, Knt. Rear-Admiral 
of the Blue Squadron of his Majesty's 
Fleet ; the Hon. Frederick John Ro- 
binson, Horatio Walpol^, Esq. ^com- 
monly called Lord Walpole,) the 
Right Hon. William Dundas, and 
George Johnstone Hope, Esq. Rear- 
Admiral of the Blue Squadron of his 
Majesty's Fleet, to be his majesty's 
commissioners for executing the of- 
fice of High Admiral of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire- 
land, and the dominions, islands, and 
territories thereunto belonging. 

25th. — A general quarterly court 
(made special) of the Court of Di- 
rectors was held on Wednesday, at 
the India-house, for the purpose of 
laying before the proprietors the 
communications which have taken 
place between his majesty's ministers 
and the Court of Directors, respect- 
ing the renewal of the company's 
charter. 

The court proceeded to read the 
correspondence, from whichit appears 

VOL. V. PART II. 



that there is no difference of opinion 
between the government and the di- 
rectors as to the expediency of re- 
newing the charter, subject to such 
modificationsastime and circumstance 
rendered imperiously necessary. The 
principal changes will be in the ship- 
ping department, and in commercial 
regulations at home and abroad. 

28th. — An unfortunate accident 
took place at Sheerness on Thursday 
afternoon. About half past four, 
as the launch belonging to his majes- 
ty's ship Raisonable was proceeding 
from that vessel, with a draft of men, 
to the Namur (flag ship) at the 
Great Nore, she ran foul of the Mar- 
tial gun-brig, and almost immediately 
sunk. It is supposed that tkere were 
near eighty persons in the launch, of 
whom it is reported only thirty- five 
were saved. The confusion that en- 
sued on the vessels coming in contact, 
is represented as having been princi- 
pally the cause of many lives being 
lost. — One of the shipwrights' boats 
belonging to the Dock-yard render- 
ed all possible assistance, and exer- 
tion was also afforded by the boats of 
the different ships. — Two women were 
in the launch, and were both saved. 

30th. — Launceston Assizes. — 
John Wyatt, of Fowey, was tried for 
the murder and robbery of Isaiah 
Faik Valentine. The prisoner kept 
a public house in Dock, called the 
Jolly Bacchus, from whence he re?- 
moved in November last, to the Rose 
and Crown, at Fowey. Thedeceased, 
a person of the Jewish persuasion, 
was in habits of intimacy with the 
prisoner. About the IGth of No- 
vember, two letters were addressed 
to Valentine (then in Dock) by the 
prisoner, desiring him to come down 
to Fowey, where he (the prisoner) 
had some buttons, or guineas, to dis- 
pose of. Relying on the statement, 

D 



50 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [March 3©. 

Valentine accordingly went down on 
the 19th of the same month ; but on 
his arrival, instead of introducing Va- 
lentine, as he had proposed, to the 
persons whom he had stated as deal- 
ing in coin, the prisoner contrived to 
amuse and deceive him, in various 
ways, until Monday evening, the 25th 
of November, when, under pretence 
of taking him (Valentine) to Captain 
Best, he led him to a place or quay 
called the Broad Slip, in Fowey, and 
pushed him into the water, where he 
first suffocated, and then robbed him 
of 2601. which he afterwards deposi- 
ted in a heap ef dung on his own pre- 
mises. No doubt whatever could be 
entertained of the prisoner's guilt, 
from a long but strong train of cir- 
cumstantial evidence ; and after a trial 
of eleven hours* continuance, on 
Thursday last, he was found guilty 
of felony and murder, and sentenced 
to be hung at Launceston. 

The intended breakwater in Ply- 
mouth Sound, which is to render that 
anchorage safe from the dangerous 
swell which now rolls in ftom the 
Atlantic, it is estimated, will cost 
one million three hundred thousand 
pounds, and will employ 1600 men 
nearly seven years in completing. It 
will be formed of 850 fathoms of 
sunken masses of marble rock (only 
180 feet short of a mile), at a dis- 
tance of about half a mile from the 
shore, a proper height above the wa- 
ter, and on which are to be a pier and 
a light-house. 

At Stafford assizes, Benjamin May- 
cock was found guilty of having shot 
his brother, a farmer at Ham, with 
whom the prisoner had lived as a ser- 
vant, but had left him in consequence 
of a disagreement. On the night of 
the murder, the deceased was sitting 
with his family, his wife at her spin- 
jiing-wheel, when a gun was fired 



through the window, which killed 
the husband. The murderer was not 
seen ; but in some sand a foot-mark 
was discovered, five or six yards from 
the window which was shot through, 
— Next day, the prisoner was sent 
for to fetch a brother of Mrs May- 
cock's, and while he was up stairs he 
left his shoes in the kitchen. During 
his absence, the widow of the decea- 
sed went with her daughter in-law, 
and compared one of the shoes with 
the mark of the footstep, and they 
exactly corresponded ; the shoe-heel 
exactly fitted the impress'ioh of two 
large nails in the fore part of the heel, 
with a small nail between them. The 
judge (Marshall) in addressing the 
prisoner, said, he had not only shed 
the blood of a fellow-creature, but 
even that of his own brother, proba- 
bly led thereto by sordid and avari- 
cious motives ; clothed in darkness, 
and in the privacy of night, he saw 
him in the bosom of his family in 
quiet and repose, and had left him a 
lifeless corpse. The circumstances 
which led to his detection seemed to 
have been guided by Providence— 
the print of the heel of the shoe ; and 
Providence seemed to have directed 
that he should leave his shoe at the 
vei*y house where he had committed 
the crime, that it might be compared 
with that print before it was effaced. 
He then pronounced the sentence of 
Death. 

Fashions. — Pelisses, though they 
ever will serve for the promenade, 
are now, from the mildness of the 
weather, in which spring evinces its 
approach, generally thrown away ; 
and a new article, the short Indian 
coat, seems to be very prevalent 
among our elegantes ; it is generally 
of a fawn colour, and made of fine 
Merino cloth, richly embroidered 
with silk of the same coUur, dow» 



JiT9.lL 2.] 



CHRONICLE. 



5i 



the front and seams, and tlie bosom 
•rnamented a-la-militaire. Some of 
these coats are made in the form of 
the Sicilian tunic, open before, and 
are worn with a large Chinese hat, 
«f pale brown beaver, entirely plain. 
The peasant's mantle of fine cloth of 
a drab colour, with the slope of the 
neck formed only of a few plaits, 
fastened down with a cordon and but- 
ton, and the corner* of the mantle 
simply rounded, are much worn by 
those ladies who affect a simplicity in 
their morning attire ; we have also 
observea a few spensers ; and ov r 
these is thrown in elegant drapery, a 
long India shawl of the scarf kind, 
the colour of the palest Ceylon ruby, 
the ends enriched by a variegated 
border ; this is a beautiful article for 
a demi-saison costume, and is suited 
to every age. 

The Ciudad Rodrigo cap of crim- 
son velvet trimmed with goid lace, 
and pelisse or spenser of the same, 
have appeared on a few ladies who 
are seldom seen in the streets of the 
jpietropolis without a carriage. 

The gowns are made in the same 
^tyle as last month, only that high 
dresses seem more than ever discard- 
led ; even for domestic parties, or 
kome attire, many ladies have entirely 
thrown them aside. — Embroidery on 
all gowns seems very prevalent. 

Coloured crapes over white satin 
are much worn on an evening. Me- 
Tino crape and plain sarsnet yet hold 
their pre-eminence at the dinnerparty, 
trimmed with lace, beads, or ribbon, 
according to the taste and fancy of 
the wearer ; but the trimming most 
in requisition is a kind of chain gimp 
composed of dark chemise, intermix- 
jed with small white beads. 

Bandeaux, either of jewels, bugles, 
fix polished steel, are worn extremely 



low on the forehead, almost a la-Bel- 
lisaire : the ladies wish to remind 
us that " The god of love a bandeau 
wears.*' 

Pearls and amethysts intermingled 
with topazes of the deepest Brazilian 
dye, and elegantly wrought neck- 
laces of the purest sterling gold, seem 
the most favourite ornaments in the 
jewellery line at present. — The hair 
is drest in the same style a$ last 
month. 



APRIL. 



2d. — Bank of Scotland.— Oq 
Tuesday, the following noblemen and 
gentlemen were unanimously chosen 
Governor, Deputy-Governor, and 
Directors of the Bank of Scotland : 

Governor. — The right honour- 
able Lord Viscount Melville. 

Deputy-Governor. Patrick 

Miller, Esq. of Dalswinton. 

Ordinary Directors. — James 
Walker, Esq. one of the principal 
clerks of session — John Marjoribanks, 
Esq. banker — David Reid, Esq. one 
of the commissioners for fisheries, ma- 
nufactures, &c. in Scotland — Adam 
RoUand, Esq. advocate — George 
Kinnear, Esq. banker— —Robert 
Wilson, Esq. accountant — Donald 
Smith, Esq. banker — Robert Dun- 
das, Esq. writer to the signet — 
John Irving, Esq. writer to the sig- 
net — Andrew Bonar, Esq. banker — 
John Dundas, Esq. writer to the sig- 
net — Henry Davidson, Esq. writer 
to the signet. 

Extraordinary Directors. — 
His Grace the Duke of Montrose — 
The most noble the Marquis of 
Douglas — The right honourable the 
Earl of Kellie — The right honour- 



52 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [April S-4. 



able the JEarl of Glasgow— Robert 
Clerk, Esq. of Mavisbank — Archi- 
bald Douglas, Esq. of Adderston — 
Sir Patrick Inglis of Cramond, Bart. 
— General Sir David Dundas, K. B. 
— Alexander Keith of Ravelston, 
Esq. — Right honourable Sir John 
Sinclair of Ulbster, Bart. — Alexan- 
der C. Maitland Gibson of Clifton- 
hall, Esq Honourable David Wil- 
liamson, Lord Balgray. 

Sd High Court of Justiciary. 

— Tuesday cameon the trial of Robert 
•Gunn and Alexander Macdonald 
alias White. To the relevancy of 
the indictment, which charged them 
with six different acts of robbery, 
4:ommitted on the streets of this city 
on the night of the Slst December, 
or morning of the Ist January, no 
objections were made, and the pri- 
soners having pleaded guilty, and 
subscribed a judicial declaration of 
their guilt, in presence of the court 
and jury, the Solicitor-General, in a 
short address, in which he stated, 
that it appearing the prisoners were 
not the leaders, but the led, in the 
late disgraceful outrages, and as he 
trusted enough had been done in the 
way of example, restricted the libel 
to an arbitrary punishment. 

The Lord Justice Clerk addressed 
the prisoners at considerable length 
on the enormity of those crimes 
which had brought them to the un- 
happy situation in which they then 
stood, and sentenced them to be 
transported beyond seas for life, un- 
der the usual certification. 

George Napier and John Grotto, 
whose trial on a former occasion was 
adjourned, were then put to the bar, 
and on being asked what they had to 
say to the indictment, to which at 
that time they pleaded not guilty ? 

Napier pleaded not guilty of the 
murder, but guilty of the tenth 



charge of robbefy, viz. that of rob- 
bing Peter Bruce, student of medi- 
cine, on the South Bridge, of a green 
silk purse, 5s. 6d. in silver, a gold 
ring, having a glass in it, and a man*s 
round hat. 

Grotto likewise pleaded not guilty 
of the murder, but guilty of the 
eighth charge of robbery, viz. that of 
robbing John Buchan Brodie, writer, 
residing in York Place, of a watch, 
with a shagreen case, a watch-ribbon, 
four seals, set in gold, a gold watch 
key, a blue Morocco leather purse, 
containing a one-pound note, a seven- 
shillings piece, 8s. in silver, and si 
man's round hat. 

The Solicitor-General in this case 
also restricted the libel to an arbitrary 
punishment, and the jury returned a 
verdict of Guilty. 

^th. — Such intense frost in this 
country, and in this season of the 
year, is not in the recollection of the 
oldest inhabitant, nor has there in all 
probabihty been its equal during the 
last century. On the 2,3th ult. a 
grand curling match was decided, on 
a beautiful sheet of ice, in the parish 
of Kelton, stewarty of Kirkcud- 
bright. 

At Carnyhill, in the neighbour- 
hood of Dunfermline, a fine young 
child was lately attacked by a furi- 
ous game cock, who brought him to 
the ground, leaped on him, and pick- 
ed out one of his eyes. The child 
was speedily rescued, but lingered a 
few days in great agony, and then 
died. 

We are very much concerned to 
state, that the last accounts received 
from the Mediterranean mention, 
that Lord Henry Lenox, third son 
of the Duke of Richmond, had fall- 
en from the top-mast of the Blake 
(of which ship he was lieutenant) in- 
to the sea. Lord Henry being ex- 



April 4 — 6.] 



CHRONICLE. 



53 



cpedingly beloved, one of his ship- 
mates immediately leaped overboard 
after him, and brought up the body, 
but it was lifeless. Lord Henry was 
in the 15th year of his age, and pro. 
mised to be an ornament to his pro^ 
fession. 

The following is an account of the 
total value of the forged notes pre- 
sented at the bank of England for 
payment, and refused, from being 
forged, for the eleven years, from 1st 
January, 1801, to 31st December, 
1811:-- 

The nominal value of the forged 
note?, presented for payment, and 
refused, within the above-mentioned 
period, is 101,6611. 

H. Hase, Chief Cashier. 

Bank of England, 26th March, 1812. 

N. B. The above return includes 
all forged notes, supposed to have 
been fabricated on the continent, and 
presented within the aforesaid period. 

6th. — Edinburgh new Police 
Bill. — The report of the committee 
appointed to concert measures for 
obtaining a more efficient system of 
police, has been published. 

The defects of the present system 
are considered by the committee to 
have originated in there being too 
many unconnected police establish- 
ments, all of them having a distinct 
set of officers and acting indepen- 
dently of one another ; but, in order 
to remedy these, it is proposed that 
the sheriff should be placed as much 
as possible at the head of the police 
establishment, and all offences com- 
mitted beyond the boundaries of the 
city to be taken cognizance of by 
him alone, while the magistrates are 
to judge of such as occur within their 
own jurisdiction. All cases, how- 
ever, where, from the nature of the 
offence, it may be necessary to take a 
precognition with a view to future 



trial, are to be left to the sheriff, and 
for this purpose the present magis- 
trates have passed an act of cout>cil, 
waving their right to take such pre- 
cognitions during the subsistence of 
the proposed act, and have recom- 
mended to their successors to do the 
same. 

The sheriff is ta have under him a 
superintendant of police, to be cho- 
sen by a commission, consisting of 
the lord president of the court of 
session, the lord justice clerk, the 
lord chief baron, the sheriff of the 
county, and the lord provost of 
Edinburgh, who is to hold his office 
during their pleasure only. 

The villages of the Water of 
Leith, Restalrig, Jock's Lodge, and 
Portobello, are to be omitted in 
the new act, and in place of the six 
wards into which the city is at pre- 
sent divided, with sixty-eight com- 
missioners of police, there are to be 
twenty-four wards, with three com- 
missioners for each ward, but only 
one of these is to attend the general 
meeting. Their powers are to be 
confined to the subject of assessment 
and money paymencs, and to the ma- 
king of general regulations as to the 
mode of watching, lighting, and 
cleansing the metropolis, while the 
power of naming watchmen is to rest 
solely with the superintendant of po- 
lice. Instead of the present mode of 
giving the watchmen one half of the 
fines imposed on delinquents, a fund 
of 5001. is to be set apart to be ap- 
plied by the sheriff towards reward- 
ing those who shall distinguish them- 
selves by diligence and extraordinary 
exertion. The city guard is to be 
retained. 

The present judge of police is to 

retire, and receive a pension of SOOl. 

during the continuance of the new 

act, and the expences of this esta- 

8 



54> EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 181^. [April 9— 1#. 



blishment are to be defrayed by a 
duty of one shilling and five-pence in 
the pound on the yearly rent of all 
shops and houses, not under five 
pounds per annum. This to be re- 
garded as the ultimatum beyond 
which the assessment is in no event 
to be carried. All fines are to be ap- 
plied towards the maintenance of pri- 
soners in Bridewell, and the rates 
presently exigible for that purpose 
are to be suspended. 

9th. — A separation, by mutual 
consent, is, we understand, about to 
take place between the Crown Prince 
of Sweden and his consort, who, it 
is said, has an irreconcileable dislike 
to the climate and the society of 
Stockholm. 

A forgery oh the bank of Eng- 
land, to a large amount, was discover- 
ed this morning. This was obtained 
by forging the power of an attorney 
of a Mr B. who had 40,0001. in the 
three per cents, and the circumstance 
was not discovered until Mr B. came 
to town, and applied at the bank to 
sell out. No trace of the party who 
effected this robbery has yet been 
made, nor is the name of the stock- 
holder suffered as yet to transpire. 

Baron Geramb. The King 

George packet, Captain King, sailed 
yesterday from Harwich, with a mail 
for Anholt, and the Lady Frances 
pack'-t, Captain Rutter, with a mail 
for Heligoland. On board the for- 
mer embarked the celebrated Baron 
Geramb, lately arrested under a war- 
rant from the secretary of state, and 
sent out of the kingdom under the 
alien act. 

This much-talked of person, who 
has for a year or two past made so 
conspicuous a figure in London has 
thus been hurried out of the coun- 
try. He must now try his luck in 
florae other cjuarter, where, very like- 



ly, in spite of his gold-laced boots 
and enormous sable moustaches, he 
may experience similar treatment. 
This singular person ushered himself 
into public notice in London, by 
publishing a most inflated and ridicu- 
lous letter, which he dedicated to the 
Earl of Moira, in which he described 
himself as an Hungarian baron, who 
had headed a corps of volunteers iit 
the cause of Austria, against Buona- 
parte, and stated, that alter the peace 
he went to Spain, to give the benefit 
of his courage and profound military 
experience to the oppressed patriots 
of the peninsula. It is said that he 
alleges he had proposed to engage 
24,000 Croat troops in the service of 
England, a proppsal which he pre- 
tends to have considered as favourably 
received by our ministers abroad, be- 
cause they (Mr Bathurst, General 
Oakes, and Mr H. Wellesley, t» 
whom he appeals), did not hesitate 
granting him passports, to enable 
him to come to England, to submit 
his plan ; and for this service his 
charges were — journey from Cadiz; 
to London 250l. ; establishment ia 
London, twenty-two months, at 2001. 
per month, 44001. ; return to Hun- 
gary, 7001 — Total, 53501. The Ba- 
ron, it seems, while the officers were 
besieging his castle, told them he had 
200lbs of gunpowder in his house, 
and, if they persevered, he would 
blow up himself and that together; 
but finding them not intimidated, he 
surrendered. The baron, it is re- 
ported, has had uncommon success 
in the gaming-houses. He is said 
to be a German Jew, who, having 
married the widow of an Hungari- 
an baron, assumed the title by which 
he has passed. 

10th. — Wednesday a ballot wag 
taken at the East India-house, for 
the election of six directors, for four 



April 11.] 



CHRONICLE. 



55 



years, in the room of Charles Mills, 
Abraham Robarts, Richard C. Plow- 
den, John Huddleston, G. A. Ro- 
binson, and J. A. Bannerman, Esqrs 
who go out by rotation. At six o'- 
clock the glasses were closed and de- 
livered over to the scrutineers, who 
reported that the election had fallen 
on William Astell, Charles Grant, 
John Jackson, Campbell Maijori- 
banks, George Smith, and Sweny 
Toone, Esqrs. 

On Tuesday morning, Mr Agar, 
the celebrated pedestrian, undertook 
to go, by a circuitous route, from his 
residence at Kensington to Blackwa- 
ter, in Hampshire, and return, being 
altogether a distance of 59 miles, in 
the space of eight hours and a half, 
for a stake of 200 guineas. The pe- 
destrian started at day-light, dressed 
closely in flannel, with light, but 
thick shoes, and with his legs bare. 
He arrived at Ashford Common (17 
miles) in two hours and ten minutes, 
and refreshed at Englefield Green 
(21 miles) in five minutes less than 
three hours from starting. The pe- 
destrian continued steadily at work, 
until he did the half of his journey, 
in four hours and four minutes. Af- 
ter being well rubbed, Mr Agar pur- 
sued his Herculean undertaking, and 
did his seven miles an hour tolerably 
true, although he was much distress- 
ed in the last two hours, but he won 
the match in three minutes within 
time. This is the greatest perform- 
ance of modern days. 

1 1 th.— Manchester.— This town 
has been thrown into great confusion 
during the whole of this day. About 
a fortnight since a requisition, most 
respectably signed by 154 of the prin- 
cipal inhabitants, was addressed to the 
B oroughrceve and constables, " to 
convene a public meeting of the in- 
habitants of the towns of Manches- 



ter, Salford, and the neighbourhood, 
to prepare a dutiful and loyal address 
to his Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent, expressive of the strongest 
assurances of our attachment to his 
royal person, and of our ardent zeal 
for the support of his government." 

A meeting was, in consequence, 
appointed to be held in the dining- 
room, at the Exchange Buildings, 
this day at eleven o'clock. In the 
mean time several most inflammatory 
hand-bills were posted up in the 
town and neighbourhood. One con- 
tained a copy of the address of the li- 
very of London, and another, which 
was circulated with the greatest in- 
dustry for many miles round, was of 
the following tenor : — 

*« Now or never ! — Those inhabi- 
tants who do not wish for an increase 
of taxes and poor-rates — an advance 
in the price of provisions — a scarcity 
of work — and a reduction of wages, 
will not fail to go to the meeting on 
Wednesday morning next, at the Ex- 
change, and oppose the lot persons 
who have called you together ; and 
you will then do right to express 
your detestation of the conduct of 
those men who have brought this 
country to its present distressed state, 
and are entailing misery on thousands 
of our industrious mechanics. Speak 
your minds now, before it is too late ; 
let not the prince arid the people be 
deceived as to your real sentiments. 
Speak and act boldly and firmly, but 
above all, be peaceable." 

The merchants, fearing that the 
meeting would be attended with dis- 
agreeable events, announced that it 
was put off" to another day, upon 
which the populace, being disap- 
pointed, immediately became disor- 
derly, and turned the merchants out 
of the Exchange, throwing the tables 
and chairs out of the windows ; and 



56 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [April 16. 



in a few hours this fine building was 
demoHshed. 

At length some troops arrived, 
and the riot act was read ; but the 
magistrates could not act until an 
hour afterwards, in which time all the 
mischief was accomplished. 

Died on the 11th of April, at 
the Pulteney Hotel, in Piccadilly, 
London, Jane Duchess of Gordon. 
Her grace was sister to the late Sir 
WiUiam Maxwell of Monreith, Bart. 
was born in 1746, and married to the 
present Duke of Gordon, October 
1st, 1767, by whom she had, now 
living, one son, the Marquis of Hunt- 
ly, and five daughters, viz, the Du- 
chess of Richmond, Lady Magdalen 
Palmer, the Duchess of Manchester, 
the Marchioness CornwaUis, and the 
Duchess of Bedford. She lost a se- 
cond son, Alexander, who died about 
two years ago. Her grace received 
the holy sacrament a few hours before 
her dissolution, of which all her no- 
ble and afflicted children were parta- 
kers. 

13th. — Leeds. The following 

account is given of an affair at Mr 
Cartwright's mill, at Rawfolds, be- 
tween Cleckheaton and Littletown : 

About 20 or 30 minutes after 
twelve o'clock, on Saturday night, 
this gig-mill was attacked by the 
Luddites or Snappers ; and the win- 
dows and door of the mill were as- 
sailed by a furious mob, who com- 
menced their attack by the firing of 
arms and the beating of hammers and 
hatchets, The guard in the mill in- 
stantly repelled the assault by a steady, 
firm, and well-directed discharge of 
musquetry from within. A regular 
engagement succeeded, which conti- 
nued from 15 to 20 minutes, during 
which time, not fewer than 140 shot 
were discharged from vrithin. The 
assailants were foiled in their attempt 



to force the windows or doors, and 
did no other damage than breaking 
the glass windows of the mill. The 
deluded mob did not escape unhurt. 
Two of the unhappy men were left 
wounded upon the spot, and there is 
great reason to believe that several 
more received the contents of the de- 
fenders' muskets, as traces of blood 
wei-e observed. The two wound- 
ed men were put under the care of 
surgeons as soon as it could be done ; 
one of them, John Booth, a tinner's 
apprentice, at Huddersfield, died 
after having his leg amputated. Sa- 
muel Hartley, a cooper of Hudders- 
field, who worked with one Webb, 
or Webster, at the same place (and 
formerly with Mr Cartwright, at Ha- 
lifax,) was shot through the breast ; 
he died yesterday afternoon. 

From the direction of the shot, it 
is conjectured that he received his 
wound in the act of firing into the 
mill, or in an attitude similar to that 
of firing a musket. Several hammers, 
masks, and a pick-lock key were left 
upon the premises. Both the men 
died without making any confession 
of their accompHces ; but several 
must have' been so wounded as to 
lead to the knowledge of them. 

16th. — Murder. On Sunday 

morning the village of Hankelow, 
near Nantwich, was alarmed by a re- 
port that George Morrey, farmer in 
that village, had been murdered du- 
ring the preceding night, having been 
found with his brains dashed out, and 
his throat cut from ear to ear ! It 
was supposed that the diabolical 
crime had been perpetrated by some 
ruthless villains, who had entered his 
house in search of plunder, and it 
would appear that his wife and every 
part of the family affected the most 
complete ignorance of the awful trans- 
action. On the assembly of a con- 



April 16—20.] 



CHRONICLE. 



57 



course of people, which so unusual a 
circumstance was likely to create, 
suspicion fell on one of the servant 
men, by distinct traces of blood from 
the bed of the deceased to his, which 
was .in a higher part of the house. 
On examining him these suspici- 
ons were strengthened, by finding 
marks of blood upon his shirt. A 
peace officer was sent for, and the 
young man taken into custody. 
When the constable was taking him 
to a neighbouring magistrate, he said 
to the constable, " Well, I suppose I 
must be hanged;" and on bemg 
pressed for a disclosure of his mean- 
ing, confessed the following particu- 
lars : That the murder of his mas- 
ter was determined upon between his 
mistress and himself; that the time, 
manner, and circumstances of it were 
concerted by them ; that in the night 
time they fell upon him with an axe, 
and beat him with it about the head, 
until they thought him dead, and in 
the course of their brutality struck 
out one of his eyes. They then left 
him, but were soon apprised, that he 
was yet living ; they returned to their 
work.of blood, and again retired, un- 
der the persuasion that he had breath- 
edhis last :— That they were still dis- 
appointed, and although the unnatu- 
ral wife pressed the man to go and 
make a finish of his master, he said 
he could not resume the task; and 
he absolutely refused, until she found 
an expedient to remove his scruples, 
by furnishing him with a razor, to 
cut his throat ! It was then the work 
was completed. He stated, that he 
had been urged to the horrid deed by 
his mistress, who wanted him to mar- 
ry her. Immediately on this confes- 
sion, the constable unlocked thehand- 
cuifs with which he had locked him- 
self to the prisoner, fastened the lat- 
ter by the same instruments to an as- 



sistant he had with him, and immedi- 
ately ran back to take the wife into 
custody. When he en tered the house, 
he told her the confession of the ser- 
vant, and bid her prepare to accom- 
pany him to the magistrate. On this 
she covered her face with her apron, 
drew a razor from her breast, and 
run it across her throat, making a 
deep incision. Mr MeUis, of Audlam, 
surgeon, who happened to be there, 
sewed up the wound, which was not 
dangerous. The young man is about 
19 years of age, the woman 40. 

20th. — Court of King's Bench. 
— The Attorney-General moved for 
a rule to show cause why a criminal 
information should not be filed against 
the editor of the Brighton newspaper, 
for a gross libel on Miss Somerset, 
daughter of 'Lord George Somerset, 
lieutenant-general in his majesty's 
service, and commander of the Sussex 
district. The tenor of the libel was, 
that the editor was sorry to say, that 
there had been recently 2^ faux pas in 
high life, which had caused great mi- 
sery to two noble families ; that the 
gentleman, who was an officer in an 
hussar regiment, was willing to heal 
the breach by legal ties ; but that the 
earl his father, had declared, that if 
he presumed to marry the lady he 
would cut his son off with a shilling. 
The Attorney. General stated, that 
the earl was Lord Egremont, and his 
son's name Wyndham. He was 
aware that the court would require 
the affidavit of the party, denying 
the truth of the charge ; and painful 
as it was to her feelings, he had an 
affidavit from Miss Somerset, abso- 
lutely contradicting the truth of the 
fact. He also knew that their lord- 
ships might expect a similar affidavit 
from Captain Wyndham ; but he was 
sorry to say, that ihat gentleman 
had acted unjustifiably in taking the 



58 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [April 20. 



law into his owa hands : for on read- 
ing the paragraph, tlie captain imme- 
diately went to the edi'ior of the news- 
paper, and inflicted summary justice 
upon him with a horsewhip. The 
court would) therefore, see that his 
affidavit could not be adduced ; and, 
however the Attorney-General might 
disapprove of the Captain's conduct 
as a lawyer, perhaps he might not as 
a man. Tb>" evidence that Miss So- 
merset was the person alluded to by 
the paragraph was, that the clerk of 
the general had called at the printer's, 
■who asked him.whether he had heard 
of Miss Somerset's faux pas ; and 
vL-pon the clerk's reply in the nega» 
tive, the printer repeated the sub- 
stance of the paragraph with the 
names at full ; and grossly added, 
that the lady was two months gone 
with child. — Rule granted. 

Court of Exchequer Chamber, 
April 22. 
Sir F. Burdett v. the Speak- 
er. — Mr Clifford was this day heard 
in reply, on the part of the plaintiff 
in error, contending, on three grounds, 
that the warrant ought not to be sup- 
ported, being grounded neither on 
statute, in usage, nor in necessity. 
A ready mode of obtaining redress 
lay open to the house, if they had 
any thing to complain of in the con- 
duct of the plaintiff, by prosecution 
at the suit of the attorney- general, 
and in that case there would have 
been no necessity for breaking into 
the house of the plaintiff with the as- 
sistance of armed soldiers. Besides, 
the plaintiff could not in the nature 
of things have been guilty of an ob- 
struction of the business of the House 
©f Commons, which was the only 
thing they had a right to take cogni- 
zance of, while he in fact, as was here 
the case, was confined to his own 
iouse. The warrant, the learned 



counsel also submitted, was defect* 
ive, in not sufficiently expressing the 
offence with which the plaintiff was 
charged. He was charged with pub- 
lishing a libel reflecting on the HousS 
of Commons. Now, out of 22 mean- 
ings given to the word ** reflecting" 
in Johnson's Dictionary, only two o£ 
them argued any thing that could at 
all be construed in an offensive sense* 
The learned counsel also objected ta 
execution of the warrant, by armed 
soldiers breaking into the house o£ 
the plaintiff. 

On this point he was cut short by- 
Sir James Mansfield, who informed 
him, that having already argued this 
part of the case, he might save him- 
self any further observations on it, 
the opinion of the court being fully- 
made up upon it. 

After the judges had deliberated a 
short time, the doors were opened. 

Sir James Mansfield then observed 
— *< We have thought it better to 
give judgment immediately, than to 
wait to look at new cases on the sub- 
ject ; and, after the difficult discus- 
sion it has undergone, perhaps there 
are none to produce." 

The learned judge then detailed 
the legal proceedings in the case, 
which are known to the public :— 
" With respect to the proposition, 
that the House of Commons has no 
power to commit, it would be ex- 
traordinary, if, in the 19th century, 
tiieir power were denied. It has been 
admitted, that this power has been 
exercised by the commons since the 
reign of Elizabeth, and a practice 
which has prevailed, and been sanc- 
tioned so many centuries, we must 
presume to have legal foundation. 
The points with respect to the ancient 
constitution of the House of Com- 
mons, of their sitting with the lords, 
and having no power to commit, are 



April 22.J 



CHRONICLE. 



S9 



involved in too much darkness to have 
any force. Various opinions have been 
given on the ancient state of parlia- 
ment ; and those opinions may be 
subjects for counsel to exercise their 
talents on. Their powers have been 
unquestionably to commit for con- 
tempt. It is impossible that power 
can be now brought into question. 
With respect to the libel not being 
ground for commitment for contempt, 
it is impossible for any one to say, 
that a hbel on the whole House of 
Commons would not be contempt. 
As to the power of the house to 
commit, there could be at this day 
no doubt. The next thing in the 
terms of the warrant, because the 
warrant states, that Sir Francis Bur- 
dett, as the author of a libellous and 
scandalous paper, has been guilty of 
contempt of that house. Various 
objections have been made to these 
words. In the first place, it is said 
that the warrant does not say in pro- 
per terms, what the contempt was. 
It is enough to state it was a libel- 
lous paper. It was a defamatory pa- 
per, and, as to stating the contents of 
the Ubel, that could not be necessary. 
It has been said that the libel could 
not be the object of commitment, 
because there was no obstruction. It 
is a singular proposition, to say that 
a libel, pubhshed from day to day, 
defaming the House of Commons, is 
no obstruction to that house. How 
can the duty of parliament go on ? 
How can any men take a part in pub- 
lic discussions, if the next day they 
are to be traduced and libelled. There 
may be men, whose nerves are so 
strong, that they cannot be affected 
by such abuse ; but there are also 
many that would take no part in pub- 
lic discussion, if next day they were 
to be held out to the pubHc as ob- 
jects of detestation. But it is not 



only obstruction, but libel. It is in 
this country, and every country where 
there is a constituted body, necessary 
that powers so constituted should be 
treated with respect, in order to ena- 
ble them to discharge their duties. 
If they are not respected, their au- 
thority goes for nothing, and the 
constitution will be overturned ; for, 
if ever the time should come when the 
members of parliament may be from 
day to day represented to the people 
as unequal to discharge their duty, 
and accused of abusing the trust put 
in them, what they did would be of 
very little advantage to the country, 
and it would be impossible for them 
to act as a support of the crown, or 
as the defenders of the people. It is 
essential that they should properly 
discharge their important duty, and 
that they should be held in great re- 
spect by those who are to be govern- 
ed by them. In that view of the sub- 
ject no ordinary person would doubt 
that it was a libel on a body of legis- 
lators, and it must be a contempt of 
the orders and privileges of such a le- 
gislative body. The learned judge 
then expressed an opinion, that the 
speaker had exercised the power of 
commitment in a constitutional man- 
ner, and that the warrant was not ob- 
jectionable with respect to the word 
*' reflect." It would be ridiculous to 
suppose the libel could contain any 
panegyric on the proceedings of the 
House of Commons. A great deal 
had been said about soldiers assisting 
in breaking open the window. " I 
cannot avoid observing," said the 
learned judge, *' that it is a strange 
mistake, to suppose a soldier, because 
he is subject to military law, ceases 
to be useful in a civil capacity. There 
can be no doubt, that whatever others 
may do for the invasion of right, that 
an act of legal power may be done by 



60 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [April 22. 



a soldier as well as another man. That 
idea was productive of great mischief 
in 1780. There were soldiers who 
might have prevented houses from 
being burned, but because they were 
soldiers, they saw felonies committed, 
supposing they could not interpose. 
It was a prodigious mistake, because 
sherifF*s comitatus formerly consisted 
of soldiers. In the country there 
were those who held land by military 
tenures, and if soldiers would not pass 
now, military tenants would not have 
done then. In the year 1780, the 
mistake prevailed most ; but since 
then it seems strange that any such 
objection should be made. The ma- 
gistrate is backward in calling out 
the military force, and he never calls, 
but in a case of necessity, to prevent 
mischief. It is not only the right of 
soldiers, but their duty, to prevent 
crimes from being committed. I say 
this to prevent any impression from 
going abroad, that soldiers have not 
civil rights as well as other men. We 
are of opinion that this plea is an an- 
swer to the plaintiff, that the judg- 
ment in the King's Bench is right, 
and must be affirmed." 

The same judgment applies, by 
consent, to the action against the late 
Serjeant at arms. 

Edinburgh. Yesterday M'ln- 

tosh, Sutherland, and M'Donald, 
convicted, on the 20th ultimo, of the 
murder of Dugald Campbell, the po- 
lice-oilicer, and of the robbery of En- 
sign Humphry Cochrane and Mr 
I^icol Allan, on the morning of the 
1st January last, were executed, pur- 
suant to their sentence, on a gibbet, 
erected opposite the head of the 
Stamp-OfBce Close, where the mur- 
der of Campbell was perpetrated. 

Four hundred of the Perth and 
Renfrewshire militia, under the com- 
mand of Lieut.-Colonel Oliphant, of 



the former regiment, formed a line 
from the tolbooth to the place of 
execution. 

The procession, with the prisoners, 
left the jail about twenty minutes be- 
fore thi-ee o'clock, it was headed 
by a party of the high constables of 
the city, then followed the magis- 
trates, in their robes, with their rods 
of office, and preceded by the city 
officers. The prisoners came next — 
Sutherland, accompanied by the Rev. 
Dr Fleming ; M'Intosh, by the Rev. 
Dr Campbell ; and M'Donald, who 
had an open bible in his hand, by the 
Rev. Mr Andrew Thomson — another 
body of constables closed the whole. 
They ascended the scaffold with great 
firmness, where they continued up- 
wards of three quarters of an hour 
engaged in devotion, and, about half 
past three, having mounted the fatal 
drop, on the signal being given by 
Sutherland, they were launched into 
eternity. 

Their bodies, after hanging the 
usual time, were cut down and put 
into coffins on the scaffold, and con- 
veyed on men's shoulders to the jail. 
They were good-looking young lads, 
the eldest not much above 19 years 
of age, and their fate seemed to ex- 
cite general smypathy. 

While under sentence of death they 
were attended by the Rev. Dr Thom- 
son, Mr Dickson, sen. Dr Campbell, 
Dr Fleming, Mr Brunton Dr Bu- 
chanan, Canongate, and Mr Porteous, 
chaplain of the tolbooth, and they all 
expressed the deepest sorrow for their 
crimes, and their hopes of forgiveness 
with God through the merits of Je- 
sus Christ. 

They acknowledged the justice 
of their sentence, and their participa- 
tion in many of the robberies and out- 
rages of the morning of the 1st of Ja- 
nuary J but M'latosh to the last de- 



April 23^27.] 



CHRONICLE. 



61 



nied having any hand in the murder 
of Campbell. 

23d. — King's Health. — Infor- 
mation from Windsor Castle states, 
that his majesty gains bodily strength 
every day — he takes his meals regu- 
larly, assists in dressing himself, and 
takes exercise in his rooms whenever 
he is disposed to walk ; the range is 
extensive, and the rooms extremely 
well aired. His majesty is materially 
recovered in his erect posture, and 
with his increase in size, appears near- 
ly as well as he did two years since. 

26th. — Medical Bulletin. — 
His Majesty continues nearly in the 
same state as at the last monthly re- 
port. 

{ Signed by his five physicians. ) 

27th.-STORMING OF BaDAJOS. 

Early on Thursday morning, a bul- 
letin from Plymouth having announ- 
ced the capture of Badajos by storm 
on the 6th, the utmost impatience was 
manifested throughout the whole day 
for the arrival of the dispatches, which 
did not reach the Secretary of State's 
ofBce till between nine and ten o'clock 
at night. They were brought by 
Captain Canning of the Guards, one 
of Lord WeUington's aides-de-camp, 
who had a stand of the colours taken 
at Badajos over the roof of the car- 
riage which conveyed him to London. 
At ten the following letter, announ- 
cing this important event, was sent 
to the Lord Mayor :— - 

Downlng-street, April 23, 1812, — P.M. 

" My Lokd, — I have the satisfaction 
of informing you, that Captain Canning, 
Aide-de-Camp to Lord Wellington, is 
just arrived, with the intelligence of the 
capture of Badajos by storm, in the night 
of the 6th inst. after a most severe con- 
test, in which the troops of his majesty, 
and tliose of his ally, particularly distin- 
jruished themselves. 



"I regret to be under the necessity of 
adding, that this most important fortress 
hag not been obtained without a very 
heavy loss. 

" The loss in this storm consists of 
51 officers, 4 seijeants, and 580 rank and 
file, British, killed; 2 '3 officers, J33 
Serjeants, 1983 rank and file, wounded- 

" The Portuguese loss consistsof about 
170 killed, and more than 500 wounded. 

" The Eari of Wellington speaks in the 
highest terms of the gallantry and good 
conduct of every part of the army in this 
important operation. 

*' No general officer was killed; but 
Major-Generals Colville, Walker, and 
Cowes, were severely wounded ; Lieute- 
nant-06neral Picton antl Major-General 
Kempt, slightly wounded. — I have the 
honour to be, my lord, your lordship's 
most obedient humble servant, 

" LlVEKPOOL. 
" To the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor." 

A bulletin was also issued from 
the War Department, the Park and 
Tower guns were fired at eleven o'- 
clock, the bells were rung, and the 
particulars were published in a gazette 
extraordinary.* 

A remarkable feat of horseman- 
ship, and providential escape, occur- 
red at Doncaster last week. A ser- 
vant of Mr Williamson, of York, 
horse-dealer, trying a horse on the 
road towards the High-street, be- 
tween the Rein Deer and Ram inns, 
was unable to hold it, and the animal 
running furiously across the street, 
sprang through the shop window of 
Mr Whalley, shoemaker. The rider 
seeing his danger, crouched down his 
head, or he must have been killed on 
the spot, as the height from the 
ground to the under part of the beam 
was only seven feet and a half. A 
counter being near the window the 
man was thrown upon it, and the 
horse prevented getting wholly into 



* See the Gazette. 



€2 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. lAniL 30 • 



the shop. The window was shivered 
to atoms, but neither the horse nor 
rider much injured. 

30th. — Bow-street. — Wednes- 
day se'ennight one of the most extra- 
ordinary investigations took place be- 
fore Mr Nares, the sitting magistrate, 
that ever disgraced a civihzed coun- 
try, respecting two beings in the 
shape of men, whose conduct proved 
that they could not possess intellects 
superior to beasts. It appeared, that 
on the same evening as Croker, be- 
longing to the office, was passing 
along the Hampstead road, he obser- 
ved at a short distance before him two 
men on a wall, and directly after, he 
observed the tallest of them, a stout 
man, about six feet high, hanging by 
his neck from a lamp-post attached to 
the wall, being that instant tied up, 
and turned off deliberately by the 
short man ; this very unexpected and 
extraordinary sight astonished and a- 
larmed the officer ; he made up to the 
spot with all possible speed, and just 
after he arrived there, the tall man 
fell to the ground. Croker produced 
his staff, said he was an officer, and 
demanded to know of the other man 
the cause of such extraordinary con- 
duct ; in the meantime the man who 
had been hanged recovered from the 
effects of his suspension, got up, and 
on finding Croker interfering, gave 
him a violent blow on the nose, which 
nearly knocked him backwards. The 
short man was then endeavouring to 
make off ; however, the officer pro- 
cured assistance, and both the men 
were secured and brought to the 
above office, when the account the fel- 
lows gave of themselves was, that they 
worked together on canals. They 
had been in company together on 
Wednesday afternoon, and tossed up 
with halfpence for money, and after- 
wards for their clothes ; the tall man, 



who was hanged, won the other's 
jacket, trowsers, and shoes. They 
then, in the most wanton manner, and 
worse than brutes, tossed up who 
should hang each other. The short 
one won that toss, and they got up- 
on the wall, the one to submit and 
the other to carry their savage bet 
into execution on the lamp-iron. 
They both agreed in this statement. 
The tall one, who had been hanged, 
said, if he had won the toss, he would 
have hanged the other. He said he 
then felt the effects on his neck of 
the time he was hanging, and h;s eyes 
were so much swelled that he savr 
double. Mr Nares and Mr Birnie, 
the magistrates, both expressed their 
horror and disgust at such conduct 
and language, and ordered the man 
who had been hanged to find bail for 
the violent and unjustifiable assault 
on the officer, and the short one for 
hanging the other. Neither of them 
being provided with bail, they were 
committed to Bridewell for trial. 

The Luddites at Nottingham seem 
to have relinquished their system of 
frame-breaking only to commit acts 
of much greater atrocity. Letters 
from thence mention the following 
outrage : On Monday night last 
about 11 o'clock, Mr Trentham, of 
the house of Trentham Tierney, and 
Morton, in the weaving trade, was 
way-laid on his return home by two 
ruffians. Just as he was about to 
step up to his door, one of them 
placed himself before him, and pre- 
senting a pistol, shot him through the 
left breast : The assassins then made 
their escape. The report of fire arms 
having brought the neighbours to the 
spot, surgical assistance was immedi- 
ately procured, and the ball was ex- 
tracted from the back, a little below 
the left shoulder. Mr Trentham be- 
ing ()3 years of age, little hope is e^v 



April 30.] 



CHRONICLE. 



68 



tertained of his recovery. The cor- 
poration of Nottingham have offered 
a reward of SOOl. for the discovery 
of the villains ; and it is expected that 
government, before whom the trans- 
action has been laid, will make a simi- 
lar offer. 

Government sent off yesterday rein- 
forcements to Nottingham, consisting 
of two rifle companies of the North 
York. 

The person known by the name of 
Liudd is taken and committed to 
Chester gaol. His name is Walk- 
er ; he was a collier, marched before 
the deluded mob in a large cocked 
hat, and was distinguished by the ap- 
pellation of General Ludd. That 
poverty or want did not impel him 
to the depredations with which he 
is charged, is 'evident from this cir- 
cumstance, that six guineas were 
found upon his person, when he was 
received at Chester Castle on Sunday 
last. 

On Tuesday night, between the 
hours of ten and eleven o'clock, the 
noble mansion of Lord Montague, m 
Ditton Park, near Windsor, was dis- 
covered to be on fire. The family 
had just retired to bed, and, before 
they could well extricate themselves, 
the whole of the house was in flames, 
and in less than an hour was entirely 
burnt to the ground. Fortunately 
no lives were lost, but the whole of 
the family plate and jewels, together 
with the valuable furniture and paint- 
ings, were entirely consumed. The 
fire was occasioned by the bursting of 
a flue which projected from a patent 
stove. The flue burst in the room 
adjoining that in which Lord and 
Ludy Montague slept, the furniture 
of wliich was nearly consumed before 
they discovered the danger they were 
in, Jiis lordship immediately gave 
the alarm, and on the door bein^ 



opened the flames burst forth with 
such violence, that it was v/ith the 
utmost difficulty the family escaped. 
His lordship and family retired to aa 
adjoining farm house until they ob- 
tamed carriages to convey them t» 
Windsor. 

Fashions. — Morning or Domes- 
tic Costume — A superfine Scot.:h or 
French cambric, over a cambric slip, 
with full long sleeves, and ruff a la 
Mary Queen of Scots. A Flora cap, 
composed of white satin and lace. A 
capuchin or French cloak of blossom 
satin or Pomona green, trimmed with 
thread lace. 

Ball Dress. — A round Circassia* 
robe of pink crape, or gossamer net, 
over a white satin slip, fringed full at 
the feet. A peasant's bodviice, of 
pink satin or velvet, laced in front 
with silver, and decorated with the 
same ornament. Spanish slash sleeve, 
embellished with white crape foldings, 
and furnished at its terminations with 
bands of silver. A Spartan or Ca- 
lypso helmet cap, of pink frosted 
crape, with silver bandeaus, and em- 
bellished with tassels, and rosets t» 
correspond. 

General Observations. — Thethree- 
quarter pehsse and the yeoman's hat 
is the most favourite dress for walk' 
ing. A large coat of Merino cloth, 
of the wrapping kind, is also much 
worn, and on a few mild days, we 
have remarked some light pelisses, 
made of washing silks, of a shawl 
pattern. 

The Henri quatre hat, the Carnar- 
von hat of velvi't, and cottage bonnets 
of quilted satin or variegated straw, 
ornamented with willow green rib- 
bons, are much worn, and the regency 
hat seems to continue a favourite. It 
is, however, now formed of lighter 
materials than those worn the twa 
preceding months. 



6l> EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May a-e. 



The morning dresses, which are the 
only dresses now worn high, are laced 
up the front, with a stomacher, over 
which the lacing, made of cordon, by 
which the colour of the gown is di- 
versified, is fancifully laced. Evening 
dresses are made rather shorter in the 
waist than formerly, but still very 
plain. 



MAY. 



2d.-GoTTENBURGH.-The French 
armies are in motion, but the latest 
accounts from St Petersburgh say, 
it is generally supposed they will not 
venture to attack the Russians, who 
are represented as 400,000 strong, 
and in the most perfect state of dis- 
cipline, all possible pains having been 
taken to render them so ever since 
the treaty of Tilsit. The emperor 
in person commands the army, and 
has pledged himself to the senate, to 
have no interview with Buonaparte, 
but in the field at the head of his 
troops. 

4th. — By a mail which arrived on 
Friday from Anholt, the address of 
his Swedish majesty to the states of 
the kingdom, on the opening of the 
diet at Orebro, on the 20th of April, 
has been received. It is expressed in 
very guarded and ambiguous lan- 
guage ; for, although it speaks of his 
majesty's fixed determination of go- 
ing hand in hand with his son, " in 
defiance of hostile threats from with- 
out, and possibly, of opinions at 
home," to retain the liberty and in- 
dependence of Sweden, it contains not 
the most distant hint from which the 
future line of policy to be pursued by 
that power can be inferred. 

Orders have been issued to equip 



the whole Swedish fleet without de- 
lay. 

Fatal Accident. — Among the 
instances too often occurring of the 
incatious use of fire-arms, we have to 
record a melancholy catastrophe, 
which deprived of hfe Simon Maci 
denald, Esq. of Morar. This gentle- 
man, visiting a neighbouring family, 
laid down his loaded gun behind the 
sofa, and after taking leave, with his 
hat in one hand, he took hold of the 
barrel, near the muzzle, vsHlth the 
other. The doghead coming in con- 
tact with the sofa, caught hold ; the 
gun instantly went off, discharged 
the shot into Mr Macdon aid's left 
cheek, and, shocking to relate, killed 
him on the spot. Thus prematurely 
died a young man, whose gentleness 
of manner and amiableness of disposi- 
tion, endeared him to his friends and 
acquaintances. 

6th.— Friday, a very important 
case came to be heard before the jus- 
tices of peace of Glasgow. It related 
to the competency of the justices to 
fix a rate of wages betwixt the manu- 
facturers and weavers, and to compel 
the former to pay that rate. Francis 
Jeffrey, Esq. advocate, appeared as 
counsel for the operatives, who were 
the eomplainers, and, in a speech of 
nearly two hours duration, pleaded 
the cause of his clients in a train of 
the greatest eloquence. — John Jar- 
dine, Esq. advocate, answered Mr 
Jeffrey in a very able and argumenta- 
tive speech. After which, the court, 
consisting of a most respectable bench 
of justices, adjourned till Wednesday 
the 12th instant, being the stated 
meeting of the quarter sessions, when 
they are to give judgment in this very 
interesting and important question. 

8th. — By the mail from Anholt, 
the following important state paper 
was received : — 



May 9.] 



CHRONICLE. 



65 



" By the grace of God, we, Alexander 
I. Emperor and Autocrate of all the 
Riissias, &c. &c. 

" The present situation of Europe re- 
quires the adoption of firm and strong 
measures, as well as indefatigable vigi- 
lance and energetic exertions, so as to 
fortif}' our extensive empire, in the most 
formidable way possible, against all hos- 
tile enterprises. Our brave courageous 
Russian nation has been accustomed to 
live in peace and harmony with all the 
surrounding nations, and when storms 
have threatened our empire, patriots of 
all ranks and stations were ready to draw 
the sword for its religion and laws. — 
Now there appears to be the most urgent 
necessity to increase tl>e number of our 
troops by a new levy. Our strong forces 
are already at their post for the defence 
of the empire ; their bravery and courage 
is known to all the world. The confi- 
dence of their emperor and government 
is with thero. Their faith and love to 
their country will make them irresistible 
to oppose far superior forces. 

" And though it is combined with pa- 
triotic regard, and further national bur- 
dens, with the same parental care have 
we adopted all preventive measures to 
secure the safety and welfare of all and 
every one, and therefore order, 

" That there be raised in the whole 
empire, from each 500 men, two recruits. 

" To commence in all governments tvvo 
weeks after the receipt of the ukase, and 
to be finished in the course of a month. 

" To conform to the regulations laid 
down, respecting the levy of recruits, by 
an ukase presented to the senate, and 
tiated September 16, 1811. 

" The recruits to be kept in the go- 
vernment towns with the prison and in- 
terior battalions, on the same footing as 
the recruits for the provisionary depot, 

" The immediate fulfilment of this 
crder, for raising recruits during the pe- 
riod fixed, is entrusted to thesenate." 

St Petersburgh, March 23, l812. 

" The original is signed by his Inaperial 
majesty's own hand." 

Alexander. 
Printed at Petersburgh, at the 

.Sen3te, March 24, 1812. 
vol.. r, PART II, 



I'he Russian government has is- 
sued an order, directed to the gover- 
nors and superintendants at all the 
various ports of the kingdom, forbid- 
ding the exportation of grain under" 
any pretext whatever. 

9th. — OUTKAGE. — Last night the 
family of Colonel Campbell, the com- 
manding officer of the Leeds district, 
was thrown into very serious alarm : 
between 10 and eleven o'clock, two 
men, whose voices were distinctly 
heard, placed themselves in a planta- 
tion in the rear of the Colonel's house, 
at Woodhouse, about a mile from 
Leeds, and discharged two musket* 
in the direction of the guard-room, 
just at the moment when two Hus- 
sars were entering the court, but the 
trees intercepting the shots, neither 
of them took effect. The sentinels 
immediately went in pursuit of the 
offenders, but they escaped under the 
cover of night. In the absence of 
the guard, and just at the moment 
when the colonel's son, accompanied 
by a soldier, was turning the south- 
east corner of the house, four or five 
men were observed to collect in front, 
and one of them discharged another 
musket, but, like the former, the shot 
passed without doing any mischief. — 
Soon after the firing, the colonel, who 
had been from home on his military 
duties, drove into the court, and ha- 
ving taken the necessary precaution 
to strengthen the guaj-d, the night 
passed without further molestation. 

Dispatches from Messina of date 
March 4. Announce that his excel- 
lency the commander in chief of the 
British forces, has concluded a con- 
vention with the French government 
for the exchange of prisoners in the 
kingdom of Naples, of \vhich the fol- 
lowing is a copy : 

*' Convention for the Exchange of 
Prisoners, — Lieut. Col. Coffin, char' 



66 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, I81«. [May 11. 



ged by his excellency Lord William 
Bentinck with the exchange of the 
prisoners of war in the service of 
Great Britain and in that of Sicily, and 
Adjutant-General Galdemar charged 
in like manner by his Excellency 
Lieut.- Gen. Manhes, to negociate 
the exchange of the prisoners of war in 
the sei-vice of the kingdom of Naples, 
have agreed to the following articles 
of exchange, subject to the ratifica- 
tion of their respective generals. 

" Art. I. There shall be a general ex- 
change of prisoners of war in the service 
of Great Britain, and of the Sicilian on 
the one side, and of those in the service 
of the kinjjdom of Naples on the other. 
" Art. II. The cartel of exchange shall 
be made, rank for rank, or by equivalent 
according to the tarif adopted by both 
governments. 

*' Art III. To effect this exchange as 
soon as possible, there shall be given to 
the English a list of the British and Si- 
cilians who are prisoners in the kingdom 
of Naples ; and in like manner there shall 
be delivered to the Neapolitans a list of 
the prisoners of war appertaining to their 
service, and who are actually in the power 
of the English. 

" Art IV. The port of Reggio shall be 
the point of debarkation of the Neapoli- 
tan prisoners who shall be exchanged. 
The English and Sicilian prisoners shall 
in like manner be embarked at Reggio, 
and disembarked at the isthmus of Mes- 
sina. 

" Art. V. This exchange shall take 
place immediately, as soon as the prison- 
ers shall arrive at Messina and Reggio. 
Catena, Feb. iO, 1812. 

(Signed") 
" John Pine Coffin, Lieut.-Col. Depu- 
ty Quarter-Master-General. 

" J. L. Galdemar. 
Ratified 
" William Cavendish Bentinck. 
" Manhes." 
Gazetta Britannica, March 4?. 

11th. — By the arrival of the Lady 
Arabella packet from Lisbon, dis- 



patches from Lord Wellington, da- 
ted Niza, the 16th ult., and papers 
and letters to the 21st, were received 
on Friday. The substance of his 
lordship's dispatches was communi- 
cated to the public in the following 
bulletin : — 

" War Department, May 1 . 

" Dispatches have been received 
from the Earl of Wellington, dated 
Niza, 16th April. General Soult 
had collected his army at Villa Fran- 
ca on the 8th April, but hearing there 
of the fall of Badajos, he retreated in 
the night towards Andalusia. His 
rear was closely followed by the Bri- 
tish cavalry under Sir S. Cotton, 
who came up with two thousand five 
hundred of the enemy's horse early 
on the evening of the 11th, near Vil- 
la Garcia. Sir S. Cotton fell upon 
them with two brigades, commanded 
by Major General Le Marchant and 
Colonel Ponsonby. 

" The French were overthrown, 
and driven in great confusion to Lle- 
rena. They sustained a very consi- 
derable loss in killed and wounded, 
and we made about 150 prisoners. 
On the part of the British, 50 were 
killed or wounded. Amongst the 
latter is Major Prescott, of the 5th 
dragoon guards, slightly, and Lieu- 
tenant Walker, of the same regiment, 
severely. 

" Great praise is bestowed upon 
Sir S- Cotton, Major- General Le 
Marchant, Colonels Ponsonby and 
Hervey, Major Prescottj and other 
officers. 

" The enemy's force retreated on 
the 11th from Llerena, and have en- 
tirely evacuated Estremadura. 

" Lord Wellington had not heard 
from General Ballasteros. The Count 
de Penne Villamur, had approached 
Seville by the right of the Guadal- 



May 11.] 



CHRONICLE. 



^ 



quivir, and had skirmished with the 
garrison upon the 5th, and obliged 
them to retire within their works. 

*' Lord Wellington had accounts 
from Ciudad Rodrigo up to the 9th, 
when the enemy still kept the place 
blockaded, but had made no attack. 
They had not repeated their visit to 
Almeida, where they suffered some 
loss in a reconnoisance upon the 3d 
of April. 

" On the 7th, most of Marmont's 
troops moved from near Ciudad Ro- 
drigo towards Sabugal, their advan- 
ced guard entered Castel Branco on 
the 12th, but evacuated it before 
day-light on the 14th, when General 
Alten's hussars, and Colonel Lecor*s 
brigade of militia, entered the town. 

*• Lord Wellington is moving to- 
wards Castile, and his advanced guard 
has reached Castel Branco.'* 

llth— ^Assassination of the 

Prime Minister. This dreadful 

event took place in the lobby of the 
House of Commons this evening. 
The horror and confusion consequent 
may be imagined. 

The doors were instantly secured, 
and no person suffered to leave the 
house. 

The assassin was taken with the 
pistol in his hand. He confessed the 
deed. His name, he said, was John 
James BeUingham. 

Mr Perceval was shot through the 
heart, and expired immediately. The 
assassin said his case was well known ; 
it was a denial of justice. He did not 
attempt to escape. 

BeUingham is said to have been for- 
merly deranged, and had i-ecently 
presented some memorials to Mr Per- 
ceval respecting claims he had for 
services in Russia, and in which he 
thought himself neglected. 

Of the statesman, thus untimely 
cut off, it would be difficult to point 
<9ut a man whose loss will be more 



deeply felt by the country. At a pe- 
riod when measures of the first im- 
portance were in agitation, when every 
thing seemed to rest on his decision, 
the difficulty of finding a successor 
may be well conceived. 

His pohtical opponents, in their 
severest comments on his measures^ 
ever admitted his first-rate talents, 
his indefatigable exertions in busi- 
ness, and his unsptptted integrity. 

Particulars — It was within a 
few minutes of five o'clock, as Mr 
Perceval was entering alone the lob- 
by leading to the House of Com- 
mons, that the catastrophe which ter- 
minated his existence took place. The 
house had just resolved into a commit- 
tee on the orders in council, and a 
witness was at the bar, under exami- 
nation. The lobby was unusually 
thin, there not being more than 18 or 
20 strangers present ; in the body of 
the house, also, there were not more 
than 60 members. The perpetrator 
of this horrid deed was formerly a 
merchant, resident at Liverpool, and 
has since become a bankrupt : — He 
is of tall stature, thin in person, his 
face oval, his nose aquiline and pro- 
minent, his eyes convex, and a dark 
blue colour, and his age apparently 
about forty. He was dressed like a 
decent mechanic, and had nothing in 
his appearance that would have indu- 
ced one to suspect he would have 
been guilty of an act of such foul 
atrocity. He had been observed to 
be lounging about the lobby for some 
time previous to the entrance of Mr 
Perceval, and watching every person 
who entered the door. Lord F. Os- 
borne and MrColbourne had left the 
house, and were proceeding outwards, 
through the lobby, when their steps 
were arrested by a gentleman, with 
whom they stopped to converse, 
when they heard the discharge of a 
pistol, and ou turwiiig round, they 



68 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May 11. 



observed Mr Perceval stagger and 
fall in the centre of the lobby, ex- 
claiming as he fell, *' I'm murdered ! 
I'm murdered !" — They instantly ran 
to support him, and with the assist- 
ance of other persons, carried him into 
the secretary's room, adjoining the 
lobby. He never uttered another 
syllable, and died in the arms of Mr 
F. Phillips. He groaned twice after 
he had been lifted from the ground. 
"While this scene was taking place in 
one part of the lobby, the assassin 
had retreated to a bench affixed to 
the wall near the fire-place, where he 
was instantly seized by a Mr Jerdan, 
who had immediately followed Mr 
Perceval into the lobby, and who, ob- 
serving the general attention to be di- 
rected to the unfortunate victim, se- 
cured the murderer — who, however, 
evinced no disposition or endeavour 
to escape. 

The alarm now became general. 
Members rushed from the house, 
strangers from the gallery and adja- 
cent parts, and peers from the lords, 
who all came to tbe spot, filled with 
the utmost horror and dismay at an 
event so truly horrible. After the 
person of the prisoner had been 
searched, he was taken to the bar of 
the House of Commons. The speak- 
er having, in the interim, taken the 
chair, was unable, for some minutes, 
to controul the general disorder and 
agitation that prevailed. A number 
of peers were also in the house, among 
them Lords Liverpool, Spencer, Rad- 
nor, &c. Some degree of calm ha- 
ving been at length obtained, the 
speaker suggested to the house the 
propriety of having the prisoner im- 
mediately taken from the bar to the 
prison-room, and, to prevent the con- 
fusion which might be apprehended 
if he were taken through the ordina- 
ry passage, that he might be con- 
ducted through the private passages 



and side stairs. — All the doors lead- 
ing to Westmbster-hall and elsewhere 
were ordered to be locked, and the 
egress and ingress of all persons pre- 
vented. Immediately after the pri- 
soner was removed, the house ad- 
journed. 

The prisoner having been conduct- 
ed up stairs, to the prison-room, was 
stripped of his coat, waistcoat, and 
neckcloth, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining whether any offensive weapon 
was concealed about his person ; no- 
thingof the kind, however, was found. 
By direction of the members he was 
then pinioned by a messenger, belong- 
ing to the house, on each side, in 
which position he was held during 
the whole course of the examination, 

Mr Alderman Combe, as a magis- 
trate, was called to the chair, to take 
the depositions of the various wit- 
nesses in attendance, a duty in which 
he was shortly after aided by Mr M. 
A. Taylor, who is also a magistrate. 

Examination of Witnesses — 
The first witness examined was Mr 
Barges, of Curzon-street, Mayfair, 
the tenor of whose deposition was as 
follows : — He was in the lobby of 
the House of Commons a few mi- 
nutes after five o'clock, waiting to 
have an interview with one of the 
members. He heard the report of a 
pistol, saw Mr Perceval walk forward 
towards the house door, and, about 
the centre of the lobby, stagger and 
fall. He observed the prisoner, at 
the same moment, with a pistol in 
his hand, move towards the bench 
near the fire, whither he followed 
him and took the pistol from his 
hand, or from under his hand, on the 
bench. The barrel was warm as if 
just discharged. He asked the pri- 
soner what could have induced him 
to commit so vile an act ? and he 
said he was an unfortunate man, and 
had sought redress from government 



May 11.] 



CHRONICLE. 



69 



of his grievances in vain, or words to 
that effect. He confessed that he 
was the man guilty of the deed. 
Witness then put his hand into the 
waistcoat pocket of the prisoner, 
from which he took a guinea in gold, 
a pound note, a bank token of 5s. 6d. 
two of Is. 6d a small pen-knife, and 
a bunch of keys. He also observed 
another person take from the person 
of the prisoner a pistol similar to that 
which he had himself taken from his 
hand, together with some papers, 
which were taken from him by Ge- 
neral Gascoyne. 

The depositions having been read 
to the prisoner, he was cautioned by 
Mr Taylor not to say any thing to 
criminate himself, and asked if he 
had any questions to put to the wit- 
ness. He said, ** perhaps Mr Burgess 
was less agitated than 1 was, but I 
think he took the pistol from my 
hand, and not from the bench under 
me." 

General Gascoyne was the next 
witness examined. He deposed, that, 
shortly after five o'clock, as he was 
writing in the smoking-room, he 
heard the report of fire arras — he 
started up, and, said, " that is a pis- 
tol ; what can it mean r" He then 
rushed down stairs to the lobby, and 
was told by the way that Mr Per- 
ceval was shot. On entering the 
lobby, he found the prisoner on the 
bench secured, as described. He also 
assisted in securing him, and searching 
his person — from which he took a bun- 
dle of papers tied with red tape, which 
the prisoner seemed unwilling to part 
with, and which he held above his 
head, to prevent him from recovering. 
The pressure wasextremeatthis time ; 
and apprehending from an apparent 
struggle which was made, that a 
rescue was attempted, or might be 
attempted, he dehvered up the papers 



to Mr Hume, and held the prisoner 
with additional force, and never lost 
sight of him till that moment he was 
now under examination. He thought 
it necessary also to observe, that he 
recognized the person of the prisoner 
the moment he saw him, but did not 
at first recollect his name, which he 
now knew to be Bellingham; he 
was also aware that he was formerly 
a merchant at Liverpool. 

Mr Hume, member for the county 
of Wicklow, the gentleman alluded 
to by General Gascoyne, deposed, 
that he rushed from the house to the 
lobby, on the alarm being given ; he 
saw a crowd collected about the pri- 
soner, and saw General Gascoyne 
take the papers, which he then pro-- 
dijced, from his person. He also saw 
another person draw a pistol from the 
prisoner's breeches pocket. These 
papers Mr Hume then marked sepa- 
rately with his initials, and having 
enclosed them in a sheet of paper, 
which he sealed with his own seal, 
he delivered it over to Lord Castle- 
reagh. 

A messenger vpas now dispatched 
to the lodgings of the prisoner. No. 
9, New Milman- Street, Bedford-row, 
to secure whatever papers or proper- 
ty might there be found. A messen- 
ger was likewise dispatched to pro- 
cure a pair of hand-cuffs, and the 
attendance of police-officers. 

The prisoner, on being asked whe- 
ther he had any thing to say upoa 
the last depositions, stated, that when 
General Gascoyne seized him, he 
held him with so much violence, that 
he was apprehensive bis arm would be 
broken, and that he then said, " You 
need not press me, I submit myself 
to justice.'* 

F. Philips, of Longsighthall, near 
Manchester, deposed, that he was 
standing near the fire-place in the 



70 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May 11. 



lobby, when he heard the pistol. He 
saw Mr Perceval walk forward, stag- 
ger, and fall on his knees, and heard 
him exclaim, " I am murdered ! " 
twice— he rushed forward, caught 
Iiim in his arms, supported his head 
upon his shoulder, and assisted in 
carrying him into the secretary's 
room, where he soon after died in his 
arms — it might be ten, five, or fifteen 
minutes, he was so extremely agitated 
that he could not state the precise 
time. He did not hear him utter a 
word from the time of his first ex- 
clamation until his death. 

Mr Jerdan, Old Brompton, stated 
that a few minutes after five o'clock 
he was proceeding up the stone steps, 
from the place where the members 
leave their great coats, to the door 
of the lobby ; Mr Perceval was im- 
mediately before him — he saw him 
push open the lobby door and enter, 
almost instantaneously he heard the 
report of a pistol within the lobby, 
and rushed forward to the spot. He 
saw Mr Perceval walk slowly to the 
centre of the lobby, suddenly stagger, 
and sink down. Seeing several per- 
sons run to raise and support him, he 
directed his attention to the prisoner, 
who was pointed out by some person, 
who exclaimed, " that is the man !" 
Mr Perceval cried, " I am murder- 
ed !" and uttered two groans, he also 
clapped his hand to his breast, and 
was subsequently borne to the secre- 
tary's room. In the meantime, wit- 
ness seeing the prisoner wholly un- 
secured, and retreating towards the 
bench, seized hira by the collar, and 
never quitted his hold till he was con- 
veyed into the House of Commons. 
The witness did not believe that any 
person quitted the lobby by the stone 
steps consequent upon the firing of 
the pistol, and if any person did leave 
it, he conceived it must have been by 
the side door, which communicates 



with the House of Lords, at which 
there was considerable confusion and 
bustle. He saw Mr Burges take the 
pistol which had been disharged from 
the hand of the prisoner, as well as 
the other things from his waistcoat 
pocket. Upon many members run- 
ning from the house, and calling 
out — « who did it ? who did it ?" 
the prisoner replied, « I am the un- 
fortunate man, I wish I were in Mr 
Perceval's place." He repeated 
more than once, " I am the unfor- 
tunate man." Upon the great pres- 
sure round him, he said, " I sub- 
mit myself to the laws, or I submit 
to justice." Witness also saw Mr 
Dowling, whom he knows, search 
the pockets of the prisoner, and take 
from one an opera-glass, which he 
handed to witness j and afterwards a 
small pistol, corresponding in size 
with that which had been taken by 
Mr Burgess ; this he understood to 
be loaded. 

Mr Dowling was then called ; he 
produced the loaded pistol which he 
had taken from the small-clothes 
pocket of the prisoner, and which he 
had kept in his possession, and had 
never lost sight of, though he had put 
it into the hands of a member at the 
bar of the house. 

[From the lateness of the hour (the 
examinations having now lasted until 
past eight o'clock), it was not deem- 
ed essential to pursue the investigation 
any farther, and particularly as the 
facts disclosed seemed to make out 
the case completely.] 

The witnesses were then bound 
over to give their evidence before the 
grand jury and thereafter at the 
Old Bailey, in the event of a true bill 
being found against the prisoner 
'* For the wilful murder of the right 
honourable Spencer Perceval," the 
members of parliament in the sum of 
2001. recognisance ; Mr Burges also 



May 11.] 



CHRONICLE. 



71 



in 2001. Mr Jerdan in 4-001. and the 
other persons in 501. each. 

The examinations having been 
brought to a conclusion, the prisoner 
was asked what he had to say against 
the fact with which he was charged, 
and again cautioned by Sir J. C. 
Hippisley, not to say any thing that 
would be injurious to himself. 

The prisoner spoke to the following 
effect : — <' I have admitted the fact 
— I admit the fact, but wish, with 
permission, to state something in my 
justification. I have been denied the 
redress of my grievances by govern- 
ment ; I have been ill-treated. They 
all know who I am, and what I am, 
through the Secretary of State and 
MrBecket, with whom I have had fre- 
quent communications. They knew 
of this fact six w^eeks ago, through 
the magistrates of Bow-street. I was 
accused most wrongfully by a gover- 
nor general in Russia, in a letter from 
Archangel to Riga, and have sought 
redress in vain. I am a most unfor- 
tunate man, and feel here (placing 
his hand in his breast) sufficient jus- 
tification for what 1 have done." 

Here Lord Castlereagh interfered, 
and informed the prisoner that he 
was not called on for his defence, but 
merely to say what he had to urge in 
contradiction to the fact with which 
he was charged. Any thing he might 
feel defeirous of stating in extenuation 
of his crime, he had better reserve for 
his tnal. 

The prisoner said, *' Since it seems 
best to you that I should not now 
explain the causes of my conduct, I 
will leave it until the day of my trial, 
when my country will have an oppor- 
tunity of judging whether I am right 
or wrong." 

At a quarter before eight o'clock 
a carriage was sent for, by the order 
of the magistrates. The coach was 



brought to the iron gates in Lower 
Palace Yard, but the crowd, which 
was at first composed of decent peo- 
ple, had been gradually swelled by a 
concourse of pick-pockets and the 
lowerorders, who mounted the coach, 
and were so exceedingly troublesome, 
and even dangerous, that it was not 
deemed advisable to send the prisoner 
to Newgate in the manner intended. 
The officers returned to the prison 
room, and informed the chairman, 
that they did not think it secure 
to proceed with the prisoner, without 
the aid of a mihtary force. A troop 
of the horse -guards were sent for, and 
arrived at nine o'clock. The horse- 
guards changed their position to Pa- 
lace Yard, opposite the avenue lead- 
ing to the Speaker's house, through 
which the prisoner was led, and put 
into a carriage, attended by the mili- 
tary, followed by the crowd. The 
remains of the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer were at first lodged in the 
speaker's secretary's room, and af- 
ter an hour removed to the speaker's 
drawing-room. Mr Surgeon Lynn 
was called in immediately after the 
fatal wou-nd, but hfe was extinct. 
He found that the ball, which was 
of an unusually large size, had pene- 
trated the heart near its centre, and 
passed completely through it. It is 
almost impossible to describe the me- 
lancholy scene. 

During the whole period after the 
commission of this murder, the pri- 
soner (Bellingham) appeared much 
more calm and collected than could 
well be imagined of a person in his 
situation. There were no signs of 
insanity, or want of apprehension of 
every thing that had b.'cn done, and 
was doing about him. In no part of 
the proceeding did he betray extreme 
agitation, but at the moment that the 
witness Philips, said, ♦' I supported 



72 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. {May II. 



Mr Perceval into the secretary's room, 
and in a few minutes he died in my 
arms." Upon this the prisoner shed 
tears, and seemed much affected. 

When Bellingham arrived at New- 
gate, about one o'clock on Tuesday 
morning, after being allowed some 
refreshment by Mr Newman, he was 
taken into one of the strong rooms 
■with a stone flooring, in which a 
barrack-bed was made for him. Three 
keepers, one the principal turnkey, 
were stationed therein, to watch hifn 
with the utmost vigilance. He went 
to bed almost immediately, and soon 
fell soundly asleep, and continued so 
till near seven o'clock on Tuesday 
morning, when he arose, and before 
eight he sent to Mr Newman to in- 
form him, that he was ready for his 
breakfast. J^ large basin of tea, made 
and sweetened by Mr Newman him- 
self (for fear of the administration of 
poison) was conveyed to him, and 
two buttered rolls, the whole of which 
he ate. When he entered the prison, 
he appeared in good spirits, and so 
continued through the wholeof Tues- 
day, conversing cheerfully with the 
keepers, to whcm he said, on going 
to bed, " They can do me no harm, 
but government have cause for fear." 
He told them he was born at St 
Neott's in Huntingdonshire, ajid that 
he has a wife and three children at 
Liverpool ; he said he had no idea of 
his trial being brought on at the pre- 
sent Ojd Bailey sessions. 

Bellingham's time on Tuesday 
morning was employed in writing a 
letter to a friend at Liverpool, which 
consisted of three sides of a quarto 
sheet of paper, written with apparent 
correctness ; a space purposely be- 
ing left for the wafer, so that the 
letter might be opened without the 
writing being defaced. This has been 
bent to Mr Rjder's office. He states 



that he drew the pistol from his right- 
hand breeches pocket. He has made 
particular enquiry of the keeper as to 
what direction the ball took. Being 
asked if there was any other person 
close to him when he fired, or be- 
tween him and Mr Perceval, he re- 
plied, there was none, or he should 
have been fearful of firing. 

On a question being put to Bel- 
lingham, on Monday night, in the 
lobby, by Sir William Curtis, relative 
to Mr Perceval's assassination, he 
coolly answered, ** I have been 14? 
days in making my mind up to the 
deed, but never could accomplish it 
until this moment." He has trans- 
acted business with his solicitor and 
many others, vpithin a week past, and 
nothing appeared in his conduct to 
induce a suspicion of his labouring 
under insanity. 

The following letter was on Tues- 
day morning sent by Bellingham, 
from his cell in Newgate, to Mrs 
Roberts, No. 9, New Milman-street, 
the woman at whose house he lodged. 
It will serve fo shew the state of 
mind in the miserable situation to 
xvhich he has reduced himself ; — 

Tuesday morning. Old Bailey. 
Dear Madam, 

Yesterday midnight I was escorted 
to tliis neighbourhood by a noble 
troop of light horse, and delivered 
into the care of Mr Newman (by Mr 
Taylor the magistrate and M. P.) 
as a state prisoner of the first class. 
For eight years I have never found 
my mind so tranquil as since this me- 
lancholy but necessary catastrophe ; 
as the merits or demerits of my pe- 
cuhar case must be regularly unfold- 
ed in a criminal court of justice, to 
ascertain the guilty party by a jury 
of my country, I have to request the 
favour of you to send me three or 
four shirts, some cravats, handker- 



May is.] 



CHRONICLE. 



73 



chiefs, night-caps, stockings, &c. out 
of my drawers, together with comb, 
soap, tooth-brush, with any other 
trifle that presents itself, which you 
think I may have occasion for, and 
enclose them in my leather trunk, and 
the key please to send, sealed, per 
bearer ; also my great coat, flannel 
gown, and black waistcoat, which 
will much oblige, 
Dear madam, 

Your very obedient servant, 

John Bellingham. 

To the above please to add the 
Prayer-book. 

To Mrs Roberts. 

Old Bailey, Friday, May 15. 

Trial. — At 10 o'clock, the Duke 
of Clarence and the Lord Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleas, ac- 
companied by the other judges, viz. 
Mr Justice Grose, Baron Graham, 
and the Recorder, appeared, and took 
their seats on each side of the Lord 
Mayor, and immediately the prisoner 
was' produced and placed at the bar. 
At this moment a deep horror was 
visibly depicted on every countenance. 
Even Bellingham himself was dismay- 
ed. But in a few seconds he assumed 
the same species of deportment which 
he all along displayed. 

The plea of insanity having been 
urged by the prisoner's counsel, was 
over-ruled by the court. 

The indictment was then read by 
Mr Skelton, clerk of arraigns, and 
Mr Abbott opened the pleadings, 
stating that John Bellingham had 
committed the crime of murdering 
the right honourable Spencer Perce- 
val. 

The Attorney-General then ad- 
dressed the jury. He adverted to 
the prisoner's proceedings in Russia, 
and to his conduct since his return. 
On his demands upon government 
being resisted as unjust by Mr Per- 



ceval, he informed himself of the time 
when Mr Perceval was in the habit 
of going to the House of Commons ; 
he provided himself with pistols, balls, 
and ammunition, and even had an al- 
teration made in his dress by the ad- 
dition of a pocket extraordinary to 
contain one of the pistols so provided. 
He placed himself in such a situation 
as was best calculated not only to 
commit the crime that he had in view, 
but also to elude the possibility of 
prevention ; for he took his station 
immediately within the outer door of 
the lobby of the House of Commons, 
a spot precisely suited to meet every 
member as he came in, and perpetrate 
the deed without interruption. — You 
will hearfrom the witnesses the account 
of this tragical event. They will detail 
the particulars of this murder. Is 
he, or is he not, guilty of the horrid 
assassii.ation, is the simple question 
for the jury, and on that you will 
decide. In adverting here to the 
bloody deed, the Attorney-General 
noticed the manner in which the pri- 
soner always conducted himself, to 
shew that he was always compos men,' 
tiSf and completely so at the time 
that he committed the foul murder^ 
From these topics the learned gentle- 
man adverted to the wicked machina- 
tions in contriving and planning the 
crime. He then appealed to the 
good sense of the jury to say whether, 
because the whole course of a man's 
life was perfectly rational, that it 
could only be irrational when the 
atrociousness of the act was such as 
to induce men to think that nothing 
but a madman would or could com- 
mit it. This should not be conclu- 
ded. Because he had done this one 
which was an act of madness, waa ir. 
to be inferred that he was deranged 
merely because he had committed so 
atrocious a deed that no one else 



n EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May U. 



would have committed it ? If so, 
then the consequence would be, that 
the magnitude of crime would be an 
apology for it. The law writers on 
criminal law had laid it down, that a 
man, though incapable of conducting 
his civil affairs, is criminally responsi- 
ble if he has a mind capable of dis- 
tinguishing between right and wrong. 
After citing two cases at considerable 
length, he concluded by expressing 
his satisfaction that this was an act 
not connected with any other person, 
but confined solely to the prisoner at 
the bar. 

Several witnesses were examined, 
whose testimony was similar to the 
evidence given in the House of Com- 
mons, and before the coroner's in- 
quest. 

It is the opinion of Mr Lynn the 
surgeon, that Mr Perceval did not 
live five-seconds after he received the 
fatal shot. 

Defence.-— The papers were then 
delivered to the prisoner, who address- 
ed the court and jury, in justification 
of what he had committed ; he en- 
tered into a statement of his case, 
which alone had urged him to the act, 
which he regretted as much as even 
the family of Mr Perceval. He was 
unexpectedly called upon for his de- 
fence, without the papers and wit- 
nesses, which he deemed necessary to 
justify him. He then adverted to a 
petition to the Prince Regent, but 
was unable to obtain any attention 
from government, unhappily, as well 
for him as for Mr Perceval. 

The prisoner then read from among 
the papers that had been taken from 
him, a petition or memorial regarding 
a vessel that was wrecked in the 
White Sea, respecting which and his 
own subsequent hardships, he enter- 
ed into a minute detail. On these 
circumstances the prisoner spoke near 



twenty minutes, with much energy 
and animation. Under such circum- 
stances, said the prisoner, what would 
you, gentlemen, have done ? Would 
you not have immediately apphed to 
the ministers of that government by 
whom you had been so injured ? He 
did apply to the ministers of Russia. 
The prisoner then entered into a de- 
tail of his proceedings in the senate 
of Petersburgh. All these transac- 
tions could not have happened with- 
out the connivance of Lord Gower, 
and his majesty's ministers, who 
would not interfere. (Here the pri- 
soner made an appeal to the feelings 
of the jury as men and as Christians.) 
He next adverted to documents which 
had been put into the hands of Mar- 
quis Wellesley. He then read a 
letter from the Marquis of Welles, 
ley's secretary, returning his papers, 
and stating that government could 
not interfere. A letter was next read 
from the lords of council to the same 
effect. In consequence of which he 
applied to some members of parlia- 
ment, who said that the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer was the only per- 
son who could do it. He applied to 
Mr Perceval, and received a letter 
from Mr Brooksbank, intimating, 
that the case was not such as warrant- 
ed his interference, and that the pe- 
riod for presenting petitions for pri- 
vate bills was past. The prisoner 
then censured the refusal. 

The prisoner continued — A man 
thus involved with a wife and family, 
and refused redress, what would be 
the alternative - Ministers had shift- 
ed him from one to another, and it 
was impossible, that a petition to the 
House of Commons could succeed 
without the sanction of one of his 
majesty's ministers, and such was the 
recommendation of General Gas- 
coyne. He was then brought to the 



May 15.] 



CHRONICLE. 



W 



alternative of giving notice at the pub- 
lic office, Bow-street, of his majesty's 
ministers not having done their duty. 
[Here he read a letter to the magis- 
trates of Bow -street. The letter con- 
cluded by stating, that if he is " de- 
nied justice, he shall be reduced to the 
necessity of executing justice him- 
self."] In answer, he received a note, 
saying " that they could not inter- 
fere." 

After this, he again visited Mr 
Ryder, who referred him to the trea- 
sury, who gave him for a final an- 
swer, that he might take such mea- 
sures as he should think proper. Mr 
Ryder referred him to the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, and he refused 
him. 

The prisoner then addressed the 
jury in a solemn peroration, adjuring 
them to consider, as between God 
and themselves, on whom must lay 
the guilt ! 

Ann Billinge examined. — Is re- 
cently come to town, has known 
Bellingham from a child ; he left 
Liverpool at Christmas to come to 
London ; his wife and children re- 
side there ; knew his father, he died 
insane ; for the last three or four 
years, in her opinion, he has been in 
a state of derangement ; has not seen 
him in London lately ; he always ap- 
peared deranged when he spoke of 
this business. About a year and a 
half ago he was much deranged. 

Mary Clark lives in Northampton- 
street ; thought him deranged from 
her observations at different times. 

Mrs Roberts was called, but did 
not appear ; but a person who called 
herself her servant, was sworn. 

Catharine Fidgin. — The prisoner 
lodged in her misti'ess's house j re- 
collects the day he was taken into 
custody. On the day before, she 
observed him in a very confused state, 



and had made that observation be- 
fore. On the Monday before he 
went out, he was confused. 

Lord Chief Justice Mansfield then 
recapitulated the evidence on the part 
of the crown, and explained to the 
jury the manner in which it bore up- 
on the prisoner, respecting whose 
commission of the act no rational 
doubt could be suggested. The fact, 
however, remained for their considera- 
tion. Sorry indeed he was to say, 
that as far as he could collect from 
the prisoner's defence, §o far from 
denying the fact, he even justified it, 
on the ground of supposititious ill 
treatment by his majesty's govern- 
ment, which he seemed to have im- 
bibed a wrong idea was bound, if not 
to remedy the wrong he had sustain- 
ed, at least to remunerate him for his 
losses. The falsity of this reasoning 
the learned judge illustrated by seve- 
ral apposite cases. 

In defence of the prisoner, several 
witnesses had been produced to shew 
that the prisoner was insane, but in 
order to make out such defence, it 
was necessary to have also shewn that 
he was not capable of the right ex- 
ercise of his understanding, or of dis- 
criminating right from wrong. But 
of such a state no sufficient testimony 
had been add uced. T he learned j u dge 
then laid down, with much perspi- 
cuity, the different degrees of mad- 
ness which came within the contem- 
plation of the law. It was particu- 
larly obsei-vable, that notwithstanding 
the witnesses declare a perfect belief 
of his derangement, in no instance 
has he been subject to an hour's re- 
straint — he was permitted to go where 
he pleased to transact his own affairs, 
and does not appear in the common 
affairs of life to have in any manner 
misconducted himself. In fact, no- 
thing had been adduced to warrant 



76 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May 18. 



the opinion, that he was not capable 
of knowing that murder was a crime 
against the laws of God and society. 
General Gascoyne, one of the wit- 
nessess for the crown, states, that he 
conversed with the prisoner at no 
very distant period, and he at that 
time betrayed no symptom of de- 
rangement, nothing by which he 
could draw such a conclusion, or form 
even a suspicion of such being the 
fact. The evidence of the servant 
at the house where he lodged went 
to no length in supporting the de- 
fence set up. She says he appeared 
confused, but of any thing like de- 
rangement, there was not one word. 
He went to the Foundling chapel 
both morning and afternoon on Sun- 
day, with Mrs Roberts and her 
daughter, and on the forenoon of the 
day on which the murder was com- 
mitted, he took the same person and 
her son to see the European Museum. 
He had now told them the view of 
the case, and his opinion of the evi- 
dence. If the jury believed that he 
fired the pistol, and that at that time 
he was of sufficient understanding to 
know what he was about to commit, 
he thought they would be enabled, 
"without much difficulty, to come to . 
a conclusion, whether the pnsoner 
was, or was not, guilty of the crime 
of murder. 

The jury, after consulting together 
a few minutes, retired out of court 
at 50 minutes past 5 o'clock, and re- 
turned in a quarter of an hour, when 
the foreman delivered a verdict of — 
Cuiltij — Death ! 

Sentence. — The Recorder then 
passed sentence of death on the pri- 
soner, that he should be taken to the 
place from whence he came, and, on 
Monday next, be conveyed to a place 
of execution, and there hanged by 
the neck till he is dead. 



18th. — Execution. — The morn- 
ing was hazy, thick and wet, heavy 
showers occasionally .falling. The 
guards were all in motion at five, and 
many bodies of military were assem- 
bled by six, taking their stations in 
convenient places least likely to ex- 
cite public attention. 

At seven, about twenty gentlemen, 
chiefly men of rank, assembled in the 
Lord Mayor's parlour at the sessions 
house. About half-past seven, Mr 
Sheriff Birch, and Mr Sheriff Hey- 
gate, with Mr Poynder, their deputy, 
arrived in the same room. The Lord 
Mayor soon after followed. The 
sheriffs and his lordship were in full 
dress suits of black. (Headed by 
these officers the company proceeded 
through the sessions house by sub- 
terraneous passages into Newgate, 
and through various yards till they 
came into the yard of the condemned 
capital convicts. Here was set out 
a iimall anvil on which to strike off 
Bellingham's fetters. In a few mi- 
nutes Bellingham appeared, attended 
by the Rev. Mr Ford, the ordinary 
or Newgate. — Bellingham looked a 
little about him with a quick and 
sharp manner, and observed, " it is a 
very wet morning." He seemed as 
calm, collected, and firm as any of 
the spectators, quite attentive to what 
v/as going forward without the least 
confusion. He was dressed in a 
brown great-coat, buttoned half way 
up; a blue and buff striped waistcoat, 
clay- coloured pantaloons, white stock- 
ings, and shoes. He kept on his 
round hat, and looked a little flushed 
in the face. He was desired to place 
his left leg on the anvil, which he 
did, but seemed a little afraid they 
would hurt him ; he begged they 
would take care not to hurt him. 

When his irons were taken off, he 
quickly retired into a room, attended 



May 18.] 



CHRONICLE. 



by Dr Ford, the sheriffs, the Lord 
Mayor, the executioner, some offi- 
cers, and two or three gentlemen, to 
have his arms tied back with ropes, 
&c. Here he put on Hessian boots, 
and waited till the proper time of 
proceeding to the place of execution. 
During the time that he remained 
there, he talked to the sheriffs with 
great ease and composure, he repeat- 
ed shortly what he had said at the 
trial, respecting the wrongs which he 
conceived himself to have suffered ; 
and added, that if he could have pre- 
sented his petition to the House of 
Commons, the event for which he 
was then about to die would not have 
happened ; expressing at the same 
time a hope that some regulation 
would be made upon the subject of 
petitions in future, to prevent similar 
consequences. Mr Sheriff Heygate 
then addressed him, and said he hoped 
that at this awful moment he felt due 
and deep contrition for the dreadful 
act which had perpetrated. He re- 
plied, " I hope I feel all that a man 
ought to feel." The sheriff then 
said, as he was about to appear in the 
presence of God, he trusted that all 
feelings of resentment or revenge were 
eradicated from his mind ; he said. 
Yes ; that no man could feel more sin- 
cerely for the situation of Mrs Per- 
ceval and her family than he did — 
that he was aware he was about to 
appear in the presence of God- 
that it was vain for any human being 
to hope to appear in that presence 
free from guilt — that man was but 
corruption. Mr Sheriff Birch said. 
You hope for mercy from your re- 
pentance through the merits and 
mtercession of your Redeemer ? He 
said. Yes, he was conscious of the na- 
ture of the act he had committed, and 
added. You know it is forbidden in 
sci-ipture. Mr Sheriff Heygate said 



he was glad to find he was in that 
temper of mind, and asked if he wish- 
ed to have his sentiments made known. 
BelHngham answered, " Yes, certain- 
ly, I wish most certainly to have 
them made known." Mr Sheriff 
Heygate then, addressed him, and 
asked him if he still adhered to his 
former declaration that he had not 
perpetrated this act from any concert 
or communication with any other per- 
son, and that he was prompted to 
commit it merely from a mistaken 
sense of the wrongs which he concei- 
ved himself individually to have suf- 
fered. He immediately answered with 
peculiar earnestness that he had not 
acted in concert or in communication 
with any human being, and he wished 
that his last words upon this subject 
should be made known. He then turn- 
ed round to a table on which the ropes 
for binding his hands and arms, and 
the one with which he was to be exe- 
cuted, were lying, and said, " Gentle- 
men, I am quite ready.*' The hour 
being nearly arrived at which he was 
to suffer, one of the attendants pro- 
ceeded to fasten his wrists together ; 
he turned up the sleeves of his coat, 
and clasping his hands together, pre- 
sented them to the man who held the 
cord, and said, " So ?" When they 
were fastened, he desired his attend- 
ant to pull down his sleeves so as to 
cover the cord. The officer then pro- 
ceeded to secure his arms by a rope 
behind him ; when the man had finish- 
ed, he moved his hands upwards, as 
if to ascertain whether he could reach 
his neck, and asked whether they 
thought his arms were sufficiently 
fastened, saying he might possibly 
struggle, and that he wished to be so 
secured as to prevent any inconveni- 
ence arising from it, and requested 
that the rope might be tightened a 
little, which was accordingly done. 



78 EDINBURGH AN^ftrAL RfiOKSTER, 18li [Mav IS. 



He was then conducted by the Lord 
Mayor, Sheriffs, Under Sheriffs, and 
Officers (Dr Ford walking with him), 
from the room in which he had re- 
mained from the time his irons were 
taken of, through the Press-yard and 
the prison to the fatal spot. He walk- 
ed very firnily, and appeared even more 
composed than many of the persons 
who were present at this awful scene. 

The procession, which moved quick- 
ly along, was followed by about two 
dozen gentlemen, chiefly men of rank, 
among whom were the Lords Sefton 
and Deerhurst, the Hon. Mr Lygon, 
Mr Berkley Craven, &c. 

The sheriffs and some of the offi- 
cers first went out of the debtors' 
door upon a part of the scaffold, a 
little lower in situation, covered over 
from the rain, and situated between 
that door and the scaffold of execu- 
tion. Here they stood with only their 
own officers, the Lord Mayor, and 
about six gentlemen, the others being 
excluded, and left inside the door in 
the prison. Bellingham ascended the 
scaffold accompanied by Mr Ford the 
ordinary, the clergyman, the execu- 
tioner, and one or two officers who 
kept rather back, the ordinary and 
executioner alone going forward with 
him. 

He ascended the scaffold with ra- 
ther a light step, a cheerful counte- 
nance, and a confident, a calm, but 
not an exulting air ; he looked about 
him a little lightly and rapidly, which 
seems to have been his usual man- 
ner and gesture ; but he had no air 
of triumph, nor disposition to pay 
attention to the mob, nor did he at- 
tempt to address the populace. On 
his appearance a confused noise arose 
among the mob, from the desire and 
attempts of some to huzza him, coun- 
teracted by a far greater number who 
called " Silence !'* He took no no- 



tice of this, but submitted quietly, and 
with a disposition to accommodate, 
in having the rope fastened round his 
neck, nor did he seem to notice any 
thing whatever that passed in the mob, 
nor to be gratified by the fnendly 
disposition which some manifested 
towards him. 

Before the cap was put over his 
face, Mr Ford, the clergyman, asked 
if he had any last communication to 
make, or any thing in particular to 
say. He was again proceeding about 
Russia and his family, when Mr 
Ford stopped him, calling his atten- 
tion to the eternity into which he 
was entering, and praying, Belling- 
ham praying fervently also. 

The last thing the clergyman said 
to him, was asking him how he felt ; 
to which he answered calmly and 
collectedly, saying, " he thanked God 
for having enabled him to meet hi$ 
fate with so much fortitude and re- 
signation.'* 

When the executioner proceeded 
to put the cap over his face, Belling- 
ham objected to it, and expressed a 
strong wish the business could bs 
done without it ; but Mr Ford said 
it was impossible. While the cap 
was putting on and fastening on, it 
being tied round the lower part of 
the face by the prisoner's neck-hand- 
kerchief, and just when he was tied 
up, about a score of persons in the 
mob set up a loud and reiterated cry of 
" God bless you ! God save you !" 
This cry lasted while the cap was 
fastening on, and though those who 
set it up were loud and daring, it wa« 
joined in by but a very few. The 
ordinary asked Bellingham if he 
heard what the mob were saying i 
He said he heard them crying out 
something, but he did not understand 
what it was, and enquired what? — 
The cry having by this time ceased. 



May 18.] 



CHRONICLE. 



79 



the clergyman did not inform him. 
The fastening on of the cap being 
accomplished, the executioner retired. 
A perfect silence here ensued. Mr 
Ford continued praying with him for 
about a minute while the executioner 
went below the scaffold, and prepara- 
tions were made to strike away its 
supporters. The clock struck eight, 
and while it was striking the seventh 
time, the clergyman and Bellingham 
both fervently praying, the support- 
ers of the internal square of the 
scaffold were struck away, and Bel- 
lingham dropped out of sight down 
as far as his knees, the body being in 
full view, the clergyman beiag left 
standing on the outer frame of the 
scaffold. When Bellingham sunk, 
the most perfect and awful silence 
prevailedf not even the slightest at- 
tempt at noise of any kind was made. 
He did not struggle at first, and but 
little afterwards, the executioner be- 
low pulling his heels that he might 
die quickly. As BeUingham drop- 
ped, the clergyman retired from the 
scaffold, and in ten minutes after- 
wards the mob began to retire. 

The body hung till nine o'clock, 
and as soon as it was cut down, was 
placed in a cart, and covered with a 
sack. 

Remarkable Coincidence. 

The Earl of Chatham died in the 
House of Lords, on the 11 th of May, 
1778; Mr Perceval, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, was shot in the lobby of 
the House of Commons, on tlie 11th 
of May, 1812. 

Mrs Perceval's situation for many 
hours after she received the news ot 
Mr Perceval's death, was such as to 
excite the most serious alarm in the 
minds of her family. Lord Redes- 
dale, who is married to Mr Perceval's 
sister, was considered as the most pro- 
per person to communicate the fatal 



intelligence to her. His lordship 
performed the task with everypossible 
delicacy and precaution. When she 
was apprised of the dreadful event, 
she neither wept nor spoke, nor ap- 
peared to be sensible of any thing 
that was afterwards said to her ; she 
remained in that state from six o'- 
clock on Monday evening till 11 o'- 
clock on Tuesday morning ; during 
which interval herfriendsendeavoured 
to rouse her, and, if possible, to ex- 
cite her to tears, by mentioning the 
circumstances of Mr Perceval's death 
to her, but in vain. At length her 
situation excited such serious appre- 
hension that it was detei-mined, as 
the only remaining expedient, to take 
her to the room where Mr Perceval 
lay, in hopes that the sight would 
produce the desired effect. The ex- 
periment succeeded — the moment she 
saw the body she burst into tears. 
Badenoch, May 19, 1812. 
On Monday the 11th instant, the 
remains of her Grace the Duchess of 
Gordon were interred at Kinrara, in 
compliance with her own desire, ex- 
pressed at different times during life, 
and more earnestly on her death-bed. 
Twenty-three days were occupied in 
the journey from London to Pitmain, 
where the procession arrived on Satur- 
day the 9th ; and during all that time, 
we learn, every thing was not only, 
conductedwith the order and decency 
suitable to such solemnities, but the 
most gratifying marks of civility were 
shewn to the attendants in all the 
places through which they passed, 
from respect to the memory of the 
deceased. 

The Marquis of Huntly, who had 
never left her during her last illness, 
and who had done all that was possi- 
ble for duty and affection to do, to 
soothe and support nature in its most 
trying moment, left London with the 
1 



80 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May Wi 



procession, and came down by a dif- 
ferent route to Scotland, to meet and 
join it on the borders of his fa- 
ther's property, near Dalnacardoch, 
•in Perthshire. 

At an early hour on Monday, the 
body was moved from Pitmain, and 
about two o'clock was consigned to 
the grave. The scene exhibited at 
this point of time imagination may 
conceive, but no language can dis- 
tinctlyexpress. The "funeral pomp,** 
which in this retirement had never 
been seen before ; the sequestered 
spot, embossomed amid the surround- 
ing hills ; a numerous train of gentle- 
men, whom her fascinating manners 
had fonnerly delighted, dissolved in 
tears ; a son, the repressed anguish 
of whose feelings only marked in 
stronger colours the deep affliction 
that preyed in his bosom ; and a great 
concourse of fine Highlanders, who 
had accompanied the bier for the last 
ten miles, encircling the ground in 
silence, gave a picture of sorrow that 
the heart could feel, but the pen is 
unable to describe. 

19th — Yesterday the Right Hon. 
the Lord Mayor, the Aldermen, and 
Officers of the Corporation of Lon- 
don, waited upon his Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent, at Carlton-house, 
with an address and condolence, 
which was read by J. Sylvester, Esq, 
the Recorder, as follows : 
To his Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, Regent of the United King- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland. 
The humble and dutiful Address 
and Condolence of the Court of 
Lord Mayor and Aldermen of the 
City of London. 

May it piease your Rojal Highness, 
We, the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of 
the city of London, humbly beg leave to 
approach your Royal Highness, to offer 
our condolence, and to express our hor- 
ror and detestation at the unexan)pled 



and'atrocious act of assassination on the 
person of the right honourable Spencer 
Perceval, first commissioner of bis majes- 
ty's treasury, and Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, within the walls of the honour- 
able House of Commons, on his way to 
the discharge of his important public du- 
ties. 

And we trust, that though the painful 
sensation will long be felt which has been 
excited by the event, yet that the nation- 
al alarm may be speedily allayed by the 
discovery that this horrible deed is un- 
connected with any system of a sangui- 
nary nature, instances of which have un- 
fortunately occurred in other parts of 
this kingdom, but which bear a stamp un- 
known before, to the manly and generous 
character of the English people. 

We fervently hope and believe, that the 
unextingiiishable loyalty of the subjects 
of the United Empire will be exerted to 
prevent a repetition of so foul an atro- 
city. 

We beg permission to assure your 
Royal Highness on an event so melan- 
choly, and so much to be deplored, more 
particularly on account of the many pub- 
lic and private virtues of so distinguished 
a character, of our steady loyalty, and un- 
feigned attachment to your royal house 
and person, and our resolution to sup- 
port the crown and dignity of the realm. 
Signed by order of Court, 
Henry Woodthorpe. 

To which address his Royal High- 
ness was pleased to return the fol- 
lowing most gracious answer : — 

I ihank you lor this dutiful address. 

I deeply deplore the melancholy event 
which has deprived the country of a per- 
son most eminently distinguished for bis 
public and private virtues. 

I trust that the alarm which that even? 
cannot but have excited, may be allayed 
by the belief that it is unconnected with 
any system of a sanguinary nature, — a S5'S- 
tem hitherto certainly unknown to the 
manly and generous character of the 
English people. 

Whilst I thank you for the warm assu- 
rances of your loyalty and attachment, I 
rely upon yotir resolution to support the 



May 20-1 



CHRONICLE. 



II 



crown and dignity of these realms ; and 
although I cannot but deeply regret the 
distur^nces which have taken place in 
some parts of the kingdom, I most confi- 
dently trust, that the loyal and zealous 
endeavours of the great body of his ma- 
jesty's people, co-operating with the ex- 
ertion of those powers which are vested 
in me for their protection, will enable me 
effectually to secure their peace and hap- 
piness. 

They were all very graciously re- 
ceivedt and had the honour of kissing 
his Royal Highness's hand. 

Addresses of a similar description 
were transmitted to his Royal High- 
ness from all parts of the country, 
the feeling on the subject of this most 
melancholy event being single and 
universal. 

1 9th. — Loss OF THE Irlam, Cap- 
tain Kkyzar. — The ship Irlam, 
Captain Keyzar, was wrecked on the 
Tuscar rock, in the Irish channel, 
on the morning of Sunday se'nnight, 
the 10th instant, at four o'clock. She 
had on board a large detachment of 
the 16th, or Bedfordshire regiment of 
foot, returning from the West Indies. 
The distressing situation of these un- 
fortunate people, after the ship struck, 
it is scarcely possible to describe ; a 
tremendous sea, which drove her bot- 
tom incessantly against the rocks, 
placed them in a momentary expecta- 
tion of eternity, as at this period of 
the tide it was utterly impossible, 
from the surf, for the boats to ap- 
proach the Tuscar rock. The water 
poured in so rapidly below, that some 
were unhappily drowned before they 
could reach the deck ; and others, in 
their attempts to extricate themselves, 
were bruised in a most shocking man- 
ner, by the heavy baggage and tim- 
bers, which the sea was forcing in 
all directions. — When the tide reti- 
j'ed, men, women, and children were 
necessitated to cling to the rigging 

vet. V, PART ::. 



and ship's side, as she layon her beam- 
ends. After remaining benumbed 
with wet and cold in this wretched 
state for several hours, every hope of 
deliverance being almost relinquish- 
ed, they were, by the great and praise- 
worthy exertions of Captain Keyzar, 
and Mr Bradshaw, the chief mate, 
slung by ropes, and lowered into the 
boats, and dragged in the same way 
by men (who fortunately happened 
to be on the Tuscar for the purpose 
of building a light-house) up the 
rock. The infants of the officers 
and soldiers, many only a few months 
old, and one born on board the ship, 
were drawn up in potatoe bags. From 
this desolate condition, which was 
nearly as bad as the wreck, being des- 
titute of every article of provisions and 
cloathing, most of these miserable suf- 
ferers were rescued by the humanity 
of Captain Matthewson, in the brig 
Sarah, of Workington ; whose kind- 
ness in bearing down under every risk 
to relieve them, and sharing with 
them his small stock of provisions on 
board, will ever redound to his ho- 
nour, as a Christian, and a man of 
feeling. Captain Matthewson, after 
endeavouring to land the detachment 
in Dublin, was obliged, by adverse 
winds, to stear for Beaumaris, in the 
Isle of Anglesea, where they arrived 
on the 12th instant, some without 
even sufficient cloathing to protect 
them from the weather, this melan- 
choly accident having deprived them 
of every thing but their lives. The 
officers of the detachment, we are 
happy to add, were all saved, viz. 
Captain Nugent, Lieutenants Tim- 
perly, Walton, Ross, O'Hara, Gre- 
gory, Ensigns Hayes, Hannagan, and 
Assistant- Surgeon O'Reilly. 

20th. — Mr Perceval's funeral took 
place this morning. — At nine o'clock 
the procession moved from his house. 



ll 



$2 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May 20; 



in Downing-Street, in the following 
order : 

Mutes and attendants on horseback, 

Hearse and six with the body, 

Six mourning co^ches, followed by 25 

carriages, the carriages of the cabinet 

ministers, 
Relatives of the deceased, his own car- 
riage, &c. 
In the first mourning-coach were Lord 
Arden, his brother ; Lord Redesdaleand 
Sir Thomas Wilson, his brothers-in-law ; 
in the next coaches, the Earls of Liver- 
pool, Westmoretend, Lord Castlereagh, 
Mr Ryder, Lord Melville, Lord Eldon, 
Lord Camden, Earl Bathurst, the Earl 
of Harrowby, Lord Sidmouth, the right 
honourable C. Arbuthnot, Mr Croker, 
Mr Wharton, &c. 

The procession moved over West- 
minster bridge. The concourse of 
persons was considerable, and all 
seemed impressed with the solemnity 
of the scenes 

The coffin was very superb, and 
had the following inscription : — 
Right honourable Spencer Perceval, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, First Lord 
of the Treasury, Prime Minister of 
England, 
Fell by the hand of an Assassin, in the 
Commons House of Parliament, May 
11, A. D. 1812, in the 50th 
year of his age ; born No- 
vember 1,A.D. 1762, 

There was no ostentation or need- 
less parade in this mournful proces- 
sion, but all was marked by modest 
simplicity, agreeably to the wishes 
of his friends. The deceased gen- 
tleman was held in such respect, 
that many distinguished characters 
of both parties had expressed a wish 
to join in the melancholy ceremony, 
but circular letters had been sent 
to the members of both houses in 
order tb' prevent all appearance of 
ostentation on an occasion that had 
excited so much grief in the whole 
nation, and as it vras not the wish of 



his own family that any magnificence 
should mark an event so afflicting. A 
great concourse of people attended, 
and it was some consolation to ob- 
serve, that in all faces there was an 
expression of sincere dejection and 
sympathy. A part of the city light- . 
horse attended at Newington Butts, 
and accompanied the procession to 
the church, in order to testify their 
respect for Mr Perceval, who was a 
member of, and treasurer to that va- 
luable addition to our volunteer de* 
fence. 

The right honourable Spencer Per- 
ceval was son of the late, and half 
brother of the present Earl of Eg- 
mont, by Catherine, third daughter 
of the honourable Charles Compton. 
He was born on the 1st of Novem- 
ber, 1762, and was therefore in the 
50th year of his age. He was mar- 
ried in August, 1790, to Jane, se- 
cond daughter of Sir Thomas Wil- 
son, Bart., by whom he had 12 
children. The Irish title of Lord 
Arden descended upon Mr Perceval's 
full brother, in right of their mother. 
A most lamentable accident hap- 
pened last week in a coal-mine at Or- 
rell, near UphoUand, in the neigh- 
bourhood of Liverpool. Notice had 
been given to the workmen belonging 
to the pit, that a certain particular 
level was supposed to be filled with 
inflammable gas, and they were of 
course directed not to approach the 
place with a light or any other sub- 
stance capable of communicating fire. 
Notwithstanding this warning, one 
of the men, who had left his tools in 
the forbidden place, had the rashness 
to attempt to recover them, and ac- 
tually entered it vvith a candle. A 
tremendous explosion instantly took 
place, in consequence of which every 
person in that part of the mine was 
immediately suffocated. We are eon- 



1 



May 21] 



CHRONICLE. 



83 



cerned to say, that nine men and one 
woman fell a sacrifice to this thought- 
less temerity, who were all taken out 
dead, after the proper precautions had 
been used. The males all belonged 
to the Leyland and Ormskirk local 
militia, and were most of them very 
stout and able young men. The ex- 
pldsion was so violent, that it shook 
the vdndows of the houses of one of 
the neighbouring villages. 

23d. — On Friday last was commit- 
ted to Bodmin gaol, William Bow- 
den, labourer, for the wilful murder 
of his wife, by stabbing her in seve- 
ral places. The inhuman wretch was 
IB the act of burning the body with 
turf, when a neighbour calling at the 
door, and seeing him much agitated 
and confused, insisted on going in, by 
which means this horrid murder was 
discovered, and the perpetrator was 
apprehended. They resided at a small 
house near Redruth. 

The following account of a shock- 
ing murder is taken from a French 
paper, under the date of Brussels, 
May 10th, 1812: — "Yesterday at 
the assize court of this department, 
J. M. de Walshe, aged fourteen, ap- 
prentice to a goldsmith, born and re- 
siding at Brussels, was tried for ha- 
ving assassinated a young girl of the 
same age. It appeared, that a long 
time previous he had entertained a 
strong attachment for a young lady 
v/ho went to school with him. She 
did not make any return to his affec- 
tion, and he conceived an implacable 
hatred against her. He did not con- 
ceal his dislike, but often threatened 
to kill her, and on several occasions 
endeavoured to do her an injury, by 
throwing stones. On the 13th of 
January last, she was invited to a ball, 
given by a teacher to her pupils. He 
went in a state of intoxication, and 
insulted several persons, who turned 



him out of the room. He then re-" 
turned to a cdharet (ale-house), drank 
again to excess, armed himself with a 
knife, and returnedto the ball. He 
there made a stab at a man who held 
the ridicule of the young lady who 
had been the object of his regard. — 
Fortunately the blow fell on the man's 
hat. The company eodeavoured to 
deprive him of the fatal instrument, 
but having struck one of the proprie- 
tors of the house in the eye, he made 
his escape. Some time after he entered 
theball-room athirdtime, more furious 
than ever. He held the knife open, but 
clasped in his hand, in a manner that 
none could perceive it. He ran to 
the extremity of the room, and there 
directed his eyes in search of the vic- 
tim he wished to immolate. — He ima- 
gined he saw her. — He looked at her, 
and by one of those mistakes, wliich 
a paroxysm of rage and madness often 
produces, he stabbed another young 
lady, resembling in height, age, and 
dress, the object of his fury. — He 
pierced her to the heart, and saw her 
expire a few moments after, only with 
regret for having been deceived in the 
choice of his victim. The jury ha- 
ving declared, that the accused had 
acted with discernment in a premedi- 
tated design of committing murder, 
he was condemned to suffer twenty 
years imprisonment, and to be put, 
after the expiration of that punish- 
ment, during six years, under the in- 
spection of the high police of the 
state, unless good security be given 
for his future conduct. To the above 
a fine of 10,000 francs has been add- 
ed ; also the expence of the process. 
The punishment could not be more 
severe ; but it is much too lenient for 
a monster of this description. 

Paris papers to the 2i<th inst. were 
received on Thursday. They con- 
tain the intelligence of Buonaparte's 



S4 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May 27. 



and his empress's journey to Dres- 
den, and a confirmation of the Empe- 
ror Alexander's dep>arture from Pe- 
tersburgh and arrival at Wilna. The 
fourth division of the French army 
under Junot have received orders to 
advance with all possible speed. 

We are sorry to state the death of 
Captain the Honourable John Gore, 
commanding the Scorpion sloop, on 
the coast of Africa ; a seaman having 
by accident fallen overboard, he leap- 
ed after him with the intent to save 
the man's life, in which attempt he 
was drowned ; the sloop's boats were 
lowered for him ; the first swamped, 
the second he seized by the gunwale, 
and in his exertions to get in, capsized 
it with the hands in her, and sunk not 
to rise again : the hands were picked 
up with great exertions by lowering 
the cutter. Captain Gore had twice 
before saved men from drowning by 
his expert swimming. 

27th Plymouth. Arrived 

the Northumberland man of war. 
Captain Hotham, from off L'Orient. 
On Friday last he completely de- 
stroyed, near that port, a French 
squadron, consisting of the Adriane, 
of 44 guns, Andromache, 44; guns, 
and the Mameluke of 16 guns. — This 
is the West India squadron that sail- 
ed from Nantz 9th January last. The 
Northumberland fell in with them 
close to L'Orient, in the passage be- 
tween the Isle de Groa and the main, 
and completely destroyed them, not- 
withstanding a heavy fire from the 
batteries- The Northumberland had 
five men killed and 20 wounded. 

28. — Mr Pitt's Birth-Day — 
The anniversary of this event was ce- 
lebrated this day at Edinburgh. 

A most numerous and respectable 
meeting of gentlemen of the first rank 
and respectability met in the Assem- 
bly Rooms, to shew their veneratioa 



for and their determination to main- 
tain the political principles of this 
great statesman, to whose firmness 
and wisdom, in times the most peri- 
lous, the country owes its preserva- 
tion, its liberties, and its law«. 

The right honourable the Lord 
Provost was in the chair, supported 
by the Earl of Kellie on the right, 
and the Earl of Haddington on the 
left. Among the noblemen and gen- 
tlemen present were, the Earls of 
Dalhousie and Moray, and several 
other noblemen ; the Lord President 
of the Court of Session, the Lord 
Justice Clerk, the Lord Chief Baron, 
several of the Judges of the Court of 
Session, and Barons of the Court of 
Exchequer, the Lord Advocate, the 
Dean of Faculty, the Procurator of 
the Church, several ol the sheriffs of 
counties, &c. the Magistrates, the 
Principals, and several Professors of 
the Universities, and several gentle- 
men from Leith. 

An elegant and sumptuous enter- 
tainment was provided. 

yOth. — On Saturday morning a ge- 
neral meeting of the Knights of the 
Bath took place in the Jerusalem 
Chamber ; and at one o'clock, the 
Knights of the Order, the Knights 
Elect, the Proxies for the absentees, 
the Esquires, and the Officers of the 
honourable Order, proceeded in grand 
procession to King Henry VII.'s 
chapel. The Knights, the Proxies, 
and the Esquires, were placed in their 
proper places and stalls. The whole 
of the ceremony of bowing, &c. was 
gone through, under the direction of 
the Duke of York, as Grand Master, 
and Mr Townshend, Deputy Bath 
King of Arms. 

As early as nine o'clock this morn- 
ing a great number of persons began 
to assemble near the Abbey. — The 
horse guards lined Parliament Street, 



May 31.3 



CHRONICLE. 



«5 



and carriages, with well-dressed ladies, 
poured down to take the places pre- 
pared for them. The coup d' ceil was 
beautiful. About 11 o'clock the 
Knights, Esquires, and Proxies, mo- 
ved in the order prescribed to them— . 
the Duke of York, with a real heron 
plume of grtat value. The Princess 
of Wales was present. Princesses 
Augusta and Sophia in a box prepa- 
red for them. The Duchess of York 
in another box. 

There was such a great demand 
for tickets of admission to Westmins- 
ter Abbey that a number of extra 
seats were ordered to be erected on 
Saturday. 

The number installed were twen- 
ty-three ; the following are their 
names : — 

Right Hon. Sir Arthur Paget-— 
Earl Wellington — Hon. Sir Geo. 
Jas. Ludlow — Sir Samuel Hood, 
Bart. — Earl of Northesk — Sir Rich. 
John Strachan, Bart.— Hon. Sir A. 

F. Cochrane — Sir J. Stewart, Count 
of Maida — Sir Philip Francis — Sir 

G. Hilario Barlow, Bart — Viscount 
Strangford — Sir Richard Goodwin 
Keates — Sir George Beckwith — Sir 
David Baird — Hon. Sir John Hope 
— Sir Brent Spencer — Lord Coch- 
rane — Sir John Coape Sherbiooke — 
Sir Wm. Carr Beresford — Lieute- 
nant-General Graham — Lieutenant- 
Gencral Rowland Hill — Major-Ge- 
neral Sir S. Auchmuty — Right Hon- 
Henry Wcllesley, Ambassador in 
Spain. 

The surplusage of the subscription- 
money for the erection of Mr Pitt's 
statue, in the Senate- house of Cam- 
bridge, is very considerable ; more 
than 600()1. were raised, three of 
which were liberally paid to the sta- 
tuary, Mr Nollekins, for his admired 
work ; the remainder, after the dis- 
charge of a few incidental expences, 



is very properly direefed to be appro- 
priated to the institution of a scholar- 
ship, to be called the Pitt Scholar shi'p, 
and the election to which is to be open 
to every college in the university. 

A circumstance worthy of notice 
in the Greenland fishery has happen- 
ed this year. A whale, taken by the 
men of the Aurora of Hull, was 
found to have in its back a harpoon^ 
belonging to the native fishermen of 
Davis's Straits. This settles a dis- 
pute among naturalists, whether the 
fish from the Straits emigrate to 
Greenland. 

There is a goose now living with 
William M'Naughton, farmer at 
Lochearn-side, that is upwards of 
1 50 years old ; it is a stout animal 
yet, and is of the male kind. It is a 
little like the ancient Scots, rather 
hostile to strangers* while it shows 
the utmost complaisance to those 
with whom it is acquainted. It has 
been handed down from generation to 
generation, on the mother's side, till 
the present day, and is aslirely at this 
moment as it was 100 years ago. 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 

England. — Sowing is at length 
finished, and the seed season may be 
generally reckoned three weeks later 
than usual. All the crops upon the 
ground have a healthy and promising 
appearance, excepting perhaps the 
earlier sown beans, which, receiving 
a check at first from the drought, 
have not yet recovered. The wheats, 
a breadth extensive beyond all former 
example in this country, look well 
enough to produce a most abundant 
crop, under the providential dispen- 
sation of a genial blooming seapon 
and good harvest. 

The immediate business in the 
country at present is, carrying out 
manure and planting potatoes, the 



86 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [May 31. 



landlords, in most parts, on the late 
recommendation of the Board of 
Agriculture, allowing their tenants 
to plant potatoes as a fallow crop. 
The hopbine has a healthy appear- 
ance, and that culture is as forward 
as could he expected. The late high 
winds and heavy rains have not done 
any materjal damage to the fruit blos- 
som, although vegetation has certain- 
ly been checked by the easterly winds 
and frosty mornings. 

Grass promises to be a large crop, 
and as the stock of hay upon hand is 
considerable, that article may be ex- 
pected at a reasonable price. All 
cattle are doing well abroad, and 
from the quantity of keep, store 
beasts and sheep have advanced to an 
excessive price ; the same of milch 
cows, and horses of every description. 
J'at pigs in demand and dearer. From 
the high price of corn, the markets 
have been of late filled with sows and 
pigs, and young stores. Wool re- 
mains stationary. 

With the aid of the foreign corn 
lately arrived, and of more in expec- 
tation, there now remains no doubt 
of a supply adequate to the pubhc 
demand,, but it is the general opinion, 
that, by the time the new wheats are 
fit for use, very little old, of British 
growth, will remain in the country. 

Scotland. — The same kind of 
cold and ungenial weather that pre- 
vailed throughout the last month con- 
tinued during the first week of the 
present. Afterwards, it became more 
temperate, especially the last ten days, 
in which the vegetation has been un- 
commonly strong and vigorous. The 
spring corns have generally a promi- 
sing aspect, although they were so 
late in being put into the ground. 
The frosty nights made the land har- 
row fine, so that the seed was easily 
juried under the clod, and an equal 



bt-aird is every where to be seen. The 
appearance of the young wheats is 
very flattering, as the plants are 
thicker, and fewer blanks observable 
than for some seasons past, although 
not so forward at this period as in 
ordinary years. The lateness of the 
grass caused a great waste of oats, po- 
tatoes, hay, and straw, and thence 
there has been more scarcity of fod- 
der, for cattle of every description, 
than has been since the memorable 
1799 and 1800. 

The sudden and very high prices 
to which grain arrived at the end of 
the last has continued stationary du- 
ring this month, and it is hoped, that, 
if this fine weather continues, with 
the prospect of an earlier harvest than 
was once expected, it will keep price* 
from going higher. The farmers that 
have been benefited by the present 
high prices are very few in number, 
as the general crop was exhausted 
long ago, the markets at present be- 
ing almost wholly supplied from other 
districts. 

The cattle markets continue to ad- 
vance in price. Fat is scarce, and 
the number of good lambs very li- 
mited, the season having been so ad- 
verse to them. 

From the frequent rapid changes 
of the temperature of the weather, 
the wheat, in many situations, about 
the beginning of last week, had assu- 
med a yellow and very sickly colour. 
Fortunately, however, the mild geni- 
al weather, experienced within the 
last eight days, has had a wonderful 
effect in restoring the fields covered 
with that grain to a far more promi- 
sing appearance, and as, with very few 
exceptions, they continue to be well 
planted, a favourable summer, it is to 
be hoped, will have the happy effect 
of producing an early and abundant 
harvest. The late showers have rai^ 



Mat 31.] 



CHRONICLE. 



«T 



sed an equal and vigorous braird of 
barley, which is not always obtained, 
especially of that sown after turnip, 
when the first of the summer happens 
to be droughty. Oats and beans have 
also come up well, and at present 
shew a healthy plant. In some in- 
stances ruta baga has been got sown, 
but the generality of farmers are on- 
ly preparing their ground for the 
growth of that crop, the most of the 
summer fallow, at the same time, ha- 
ving already received the second fur- 
row. The grasses have made great 
progress within these few days, but 
none are as yet fit for the scythe, 
although that has frequently been the 
case at this season of the year. 

In the gardens the present pros- 
pect of fruit is very flattering, and, as 
it seldom happens that the crop suf- 
fers materially from the weather after 
this period, it is to be hoped, that the 
present promising appearances will 
be fortunately realized. 



JUNE. 



Regulation for granting Pensions to 
Officers of his Majesty's Land For- 
ces losing an Eye or Limb on Ser- 
vice. 

" If an officer shall be wounded in 
action, and it shall appear upon an 
inspection made of him by the Army 
Medical Board, at any period, not 
sooner than a year and a day after 
the time he was wounded, that he has 
in consequence of his wound lost a 
limb, or an eye, or has totally lost the 
use of a limb, or that his wound has 
been equally prejudicial to his habit 
of body with the loss of a limb, such 
officer shall be entitled to a pension, 
commencing from the expiration of a 
year and a day after the time when he 



was wounded; and depending as to 
its amount upon the rank he held at 
that period, according to the scale 
annexed. This pension, being grant- 
ed as a compensation for the injury 
sustained, is to be held together with 
any other pay and allowances to which 
such officer may be otherwise entitled, 
without any deduction on account 
thereof. 

" Officers who shall have lost more 
than one limb or eye, shall be entitled 
to the pension for each eye or limb so 
lost. 

" And as the pension is not to com- 
mence till the expiration of a year and 
a day from the date of the wound, it 
is to be independent of the allowance 
of a year's pay, or the expences at- 
tending the cure of wounds, granted 
under the existing regulations. 

" All officers who may have sus- 
tained such an injury as would entitle 
them to this pension, by any wounds 
received since the commencement of 
hostilities in the year 1793, will, upon 
the production of the proper certifi- 
cate from the Army Medical Board, 
be allowed a pension proportioned, 
according to the scale, to the rank 
they held at the time when wounded, 
and commencing from the 25th of 
December, 1811." 
Scale referred to in the preceding Re- 
gulation. 
Ranks. Rates of Pensions. 

Field-Marshal, General, or Lieute- 
nant-General, commanding in 
Chief at the time, to be spedally 
considered. 
Lieutenant-General ^ - - L.400 
Major-General, or Brigadier-Gene- 
ral, commanding a Brigade - 350 
Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel, •Ad- 
jutant-General, *Quarter- Master- 
General, *Deputy Adjutant-Ge- 
neral, if Chief of the Department, 
•Deputy Quarter-Master-Gene- 
ral, if ditto, Inspector of Hospi- 
tia].?, each - - - • 300 



88 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Juns 1. 



Major-Commanding - - 350 

Major, ♦Deputy Adjutant-General, 
•Deputy Quarter-Master-Geiic- 
ral, Deputy Inspector of Hospi- 
tals, each ... - 200 

Captain, *Assiptant Adjutant-Gene- 
ral, "Assistant Quarter- Master* 
General, *Secretary to the Com- 

'^ wander of the Forces, Aide-de- 
Camp, *Major of Brigade, Sur- 
geon Regimental Paymaster, 
♦Judge Advocate, Physician, Staff 
Surgeon, Chaplain, each - loo 

Lieutenant, and Adjutant, each - 70 

Cornet, Ensign, Second Lieutenant, 
Regimental Quarter-Master, As- 
sistant-Surgeon, Apothecary, Hos- 
pital-Mate, Veterinary Surgeon, 
Purveyor, Deputy Purveyor, each 50 

The officers marked thus (*) to have the 
allow ance according to their array rank, 
if they prefer it. 

June Ist. — By the arrival of the 
Sandwich packet at Falmouth, ad- 
vices have been received from New 
York to the 9th ultimo, and a vessel 
has arrived bringing further intelli- 
gence to the ]4«th. The accounts 
received by both conveyances are of 
a most hostile tendency. 

Several bills have been brought in- 
to Congress, which, if passed, would 
certainly lead to a rupture. The 
most violent of these measures is the 
bill for punishing as felons, all those 
who impress American seamen ; but 
it did not go the length of a 3d read- 
ing without great opposition. It was 
proposed for a 3d reading on the 15th 
June, and negatived. It was then re- 
committed to a committeeof the whole 
house, and made one of the orders of 
the day for the 11th May. 

A loan for eleven millions, voted 
for the war supplies, went on heavily, 
and the monied men were by no means 
disposed to subscribe to it ; but a 
small portion had been obtained — not 
niore than two millions. 



The elections inMassachussets, and 
even in New York and Virginia, are 
decidedly federal. 

Mr Mai^one.— This distinguish- 
ed character terminated his mortal 
course, on Monday morning, a few 
minutes after four o'clock. Few men 
enjoyed health leas interrupted than 
Mr Malone, until the vital powers 
suddenly lost their tone ; and, from 
the early symptoms, his friends vpere 
not allowed to deceive themselves 
with any expectations of recovery. 
He had the consolation of his sis.- 
ter's affectionate assiduities in his last 
moments, and the anxious enquiries 
of a long list of illustrious friends. 
Mr Malone had tlie great happi- 
ness to live with the most distin- 
guished characters of his time; he 
was united in the closest intimacy 
with Dr Johnson, Mr Burke, Sir 
Joshua Reynolds, Lord Charlemont, 
and the other members of a society, 
which for various talent and virtue 
can scarcely be surpassed. Mr Ma- 
lone is best known to the world by 
the distinction upon which he most 
prided himself, his association with 
the name of Shakespeare. Like Mr 
Steevens, he devoted his life and his 
fortune to the task of making the 
great Bard better understood by bis 
countrymen. As an editor, this is 
the peculiar fame of Edmund Ma- 
lone, that he could subdue the temp- 
tations to display his own wisdom or 
wit, and consider only the integrity 
of his author's text. For many years 
Shakespeare's page was the sport of 
innovation ; and men, who knew no- 
thing of the ancient language of their 
country, suggested as amendments of 
a corrupt text, phraseology that the 
father of the British drama never 
could have written. Mr Malone, still 
more pertinaciously than Mr Stee- 
vens, adhered to the ancient copies. 



JUKB ^—4.] 



CHRONI'CLli. 



98 



To obtain them was the great effort 
of his life, and a large part of his very 
moderate fortune was devoted to pur- 
chases, to him of the first necessity, 
to many collectors, of idle curiosity. 
The library of Mr Malone was acces- 
sible to every scholar, and in any diffi- 
culty his sagacity and experience were 
received, and gratefully acknowledged 
by men themselves of profound erudi- 
tion. The last article which he printed 
was a sketch of his friend Windham's 
character, and he distributed it private- 
ly among his acquaintance. Since the 
year 17^, he had been zealously con- 
tinuing those labours, which in that 
year produced his edition of Shake- 
speare's Plays and Poems. Had he 
lived to carry a second edition through 
the press, for which preparation had 
for some time been making, and were 
on the very point of completion, the 
world i^puld have received a large 
accession to its knowledge of Shake- 
speare. From the careful habit which 
he had of entering every new acqui- 
sition in its proper place, and the ac- 
curate references which he made to 
the source of his information, we 
should apprehend there will be little 
difficulty in the carrying this design 
into effect. With such a stock of 
materials as perhaps no other man 
than Mr Malone could have collect- 
ed, the executor of his critical will 
must have a delightful task. 

Mr Malone died unmarried. — He 
was the brother of Lord Sunderlin, 
and had he survived his lordship, 
would have succeeded to the title, 
the remainder being in him. Few 
men ever possessed greater command 
of temper ; it characterised his vir- 
tues ; they were all of the gentle, 
yet steady kind. His reputation as 
a critic will vindicate it^lf— as a man, 
he needs no vindication. 



2d. — Last week, one of the most 
terrible accidents on record, in the 
history of colleries, took place at 
Felling, near Gateshead, Durham, 
in the mine belonging to Mr Brand- 
ling, the member for Newcastle, which 
was the admiration of the district for 
the excellence of its ventilation and 
arrangements. Nearly the whole of 
the workmen were below, the second 
set having gone down before the first 
came up, when a double blast of hy- 
drogen gas took place, and set the 
mine on fire, forcing up such a vo- 
lume of smoke as darkened the air to 
a considerable distance, and scattered 
an immense quantity of small coal 
from the upper shaft. In the cala- 
mity, 93 men and boys perished, the 
remains of 86 of whom are still in the 
mine, which continues unapproach- 
able. 

Londonderry. — On Wednesday 
last, was witnessed the most extraor- 
dinary storm ever remembered. A- 
bout three o'clock the sky began to 
lour, and the atmosphere became so 
dense that respiration was found diffi- 
cult in the streets ; several flashes of 
lightning were instantaneously suc- 
ceeded by loud peals of thunder. In 
a few moments, the rain began to de- 
scend in torrents. Next day, upwards 
of sixty loads of mud and gravel were 
taken up at Ship Quay Gate, where 
the flood from several streets rested, 
and had formed a little sea. The rain 
continued to fall for about sixty mi- 
nutes, and was occasionally intermix- 
ed with hail of an astonishing size, 
which broke many windows on the 
high grounds about the city. Fortu- 
nately the storm did not extend far 
into the country, nor has much inju- 
ry been done, excepting to a few gar- 
dens, where the fruit-trees suffered 
heavily. 



90 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [June 6. 



4th. Murder. On Tuesday- 
last, the 2d current, Captain Charles 
Monro, late of the 42d regiment, and 
Robert Ferguson, ship carpenter, 
both residing at Inverbreaky Ferry, 
parish of Resolis, Scotland, having met 
at a neighbouring work-shop, a tri- 
fling dispute arose between them. Af- 
ter a little altercation, Ferguson pull- 
ed a large knife out of his pocket, 
and plunged it into Captain Munro's 
side. Dr M'Donald at Cromarty, 
who was immediately called, dressed 
the wound with the greatest skill and 
tenderness, and afforded every possi- 
ble assistance, but all to no purpose ; 
the wound was mortal, and next even- 
ing, about 28 hours after receiving 
the cruel stab, the Captain died.-— 
Upon perpetrating the atrocious deed, 
the base assassin attempted to elude 
the violated laws of his country, by 
absconding. In consequence, how- 
ever, of the exertions of Capt. Mack- 
enzie of Newhall, whose activity on 
this occasion merits the highest praise, 
the miscreant was taken on the same 
evening, and lodged early next morn- 
ing in the jail of Tain. Capt. Munro 
has left an indigent widow and a nu- 
merous helpless family to deplore his 
premature and cruel death. 

5th. — Attempt at Assassina- 
jTiON. — Mr Burrows, a hay salesman, 
residing at Appleton, was suddenly 
attacked in his chaise, near his resi- 
dence, by Thomas Bowler, a neigh- 
bouring farmer, who discharged a 
blunderbuss at him, and lodged the 
contents (slugs) in his neck and body. 
The following testimony of a black- 
smith at Appleton gives the whole 
case. — The assassin, who is a man 
seventy years of age, called at the 
smith's shop, on horseback, at five 
o'clock on Saturday morning, accom- 
panied by his grandson, and produced 
a blunderbuss, which he asked leave 



to make the lock secure to go off, 
as he wanted to shoot a mad dog. 
After he had done something to the 
lock, he left the piece in the shop, 
having described it as being loaded, 
and walked by the side of the canal, 
whilst his grandson led his horse about 
the road. The canal path command- 
ed a view of Burrows' residence, and 
after walking there nearly two hours, 
he returned to the smith's shop, when 
Burrows was approaching it, and ha- 
ving taken up the blunderbuss, he met 
him and presented it, when Burrows 
called out, " For God's sake don't 
shoot me," and inclined his head up- 
on his legs, 'i he assassin, however, 
pulled the trigger, and Burrows fell, 
when the former mounted his horse, 
and rode off. The situation of the 
wounded man is very precarious; four 
slugs have been extracted from his 
neck and head, but there are others 
in the body, one of which is supposed 
to have lodged near the blade-bone. 
There are some favourable symptoms, 
and some hppes are entertained that 
his hfe will be saved. Mr Wood, a 
coal-merchant, pursued the assassin 
as far as Bushy Heath, near Wat- 
ford, and police-officers have scoured 
the country. The cause of the dia- 
bolical act is said to have arisen from 
some family jealousies. The parties 
had a litigation about a month since, 
when high words arose, but they had 
since been apparent good friends. — 
Bowler has since been apprehended, 
tried, and executed. 

6th. — Greenock. — Yesterday, in 
pursuance of his sentence, at the last 
Circuit Court of Justiciary, held at 
Glasgow, Moses M'Donald was exe- 
cuted here, for the robbery of the 
shop of Mr James Jelly, grocer, 
Laigh Street, in December last. At 
ten minutes past three o'clock, h^ 
took farewell of the magistrates ani 



Juke 8.] 



CHRONICLE. 



81 



clergy, and ascended the scaffold with 
a firm step, by a stage erected out 
from the church railing ; the execu- 
tioner then put the rope round his 
neck, drew a white cap over his face, 
withdrew, and, at a quarter past 
three, he gave the signal by dropping 
a handkerchief ; the drop fell, when, 
dreadful to relate, the rope broke, and 
he fell to the ground ; his sister, who 
was near, instantly assisted him in ri- 
sing (his arms being tied), when he 
got up, and walked steadily, with- 
out the least attempt to escape, to 
the church door ; he was then ta- 
ken into the church, and became faint; 
the back of his head being brui- 
sed by the fall — another rope was pro- 
cured, the drop was supported under- 
lieath by a plank, he again mounted 
the scaffold with a firm and quick 
pace, the executioner put the rope 
round his neck, tied the other end 
pn a hook above, and drew the cap 
over his face. He then went belov/, 
and, on the signal being given, knock- 
ed the prop away, when the drop fell, 
and he was launched into eternity at 
twenty minutes before four o'clock. 
He made three or four feeble convul- 
sive throes, and was apparently dead 
in three minutes. M'Donald was a 
stout man, about thirty-five years of 
age, a native of Ireland, but has re- 
sided here for a number of years ; he 
wrought as a jobber about the quays, 
and furnished ships with ballast. 

8th. — Plymouth — This morning 
at three o'clock a dreadful fire broke 
out at three places at once, in the 
Rope-house of the Royal Dock-yard 
at this port, which raged with great 
fury for several hours, and entirely 
consumed some of the machinery and 
the roof of that noble building ; but 
by the exertion of the different regi- 
ments in garrison, and dock-yard men, 
it was at length got under, with the 



aid of the ponderous fire-engines of 
the dock-yard. As the wind blew 
hard at E. and the fire broke out on 
the weather side, in three places, and 
where neither fire or candle, or light 
of any sort, is ever used, there is no 
doubt of its having been perpetrated 
by some incendiary, or incendiaries, 
and had it not been discovered provi- 
dentially when it was, the vital inte- 
rests of this country might have been 
nearly destroyed, as the opposite 
storehouses contained 1000 barrels 
of tar and 1000 tons of hemp, &c. 
and very large piles of heavy timber. 
The windows of those storehouses 
were scorched, but by the timely and 
strenuous exertions of the troops and 
all ranks ef people, the intended mis- 
chief was prevented. Various conjec- 
tures are afloat as to the cause of this 
conflagration, but at present all is 
conjecture and surmise. 

Police. — Bow- Street. — ^Yester- 
day, between 11 and 12 o'clock, a» 
two females, genteelly dressed, were 
passing the end of the Mall, opposite 
the Queen's Palace, they were rudely 
accosted by a man, with a large open 
clasp-knife, in a position as if he in- 
tended to cut them down; they scream- 
ed out, ran away, and escaped from 
him into Pimlico. After they had 
escaped, he went up to a man who 
had the appearance of a porter, and 
in a more direct manner attempted to 
stab him, but he also avoided the at- 
tack, and escaped. A gentleman who 
had observed his outrageous conduct, 
watched him into the White Horse 
public-house in Pimlico, went in search 
of a police-officer, and found NichoUs 
in the Park, who went there, took 
him into custody, got him quietly 
across the Park to the ofiice, where 
he underwent an examination ; when 
it appeared that a soldier on duty at 
the Queen's Guard had taken the 



92 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 18i2. [June 10. 



knife from him. Neither of the fe- 
males nor the man he had attacked 
attended ; but the gentleman who 
had observed his conduct fully pro- 
ved the above statement. He said 
his name was Erasmus Hooper, he 
had been an officer in the navy, and 
had been extremely ill-treated ; as he 
should have been Post-Captain, in- 
stead of which he had been tried up- 
on fahe charges by a court-martial, 
and had been broke. On searching 
him, papers were found which fully 
proved him to be the man he had re- 
presented himself to be. Application 
was made at a navy agent's in the 
Adelphi, whom he referred to, who 
acknowledged having been his agent, 
and said the prisoner had been there 
yesterday, when his conduct was such 
that there was no doubt he was de- 
ranged. — He was therefore ordered 
to be detained. 

On Sunday se'nnight, a cow, be- 
longing to Mr Cain, of Beaumont- 
Hall, near Redburn, in Herts, died 
in consequence of the impossibility of 
htr rising from the ground, occasion- 
ed by her being so big with calf. A 
butcher was called in to open her ; 
and, to the infinite astonishment of 
the beholders, she was found to con- 
tain five full-grown calves, which, du- 
ring the course of the day, were laid 
upon the ground for public inspec- 
tion. 

Buonaparte outwixted. — The 
grand church of St John, at Malt;^, 
has the railings and ballustrades be- 
fore the altar of massive silver, and 
•when Bonaparte took possession of 
the island, these ballustrades and rail- 
ings toere painted to resemble mahoga- 
ny ; by this device the rapacious sa- 
crilegest was deceived, but he depri- 
ved the church of its silver lamps and 
other ornaments. This secret did not 
trangpire till 8®me itPr months «ince, 



when it was made known to the pre- 
sent governor (Geneial Oakes), and 
measures are now taking to give this 
superb edifice its pristine splendour. 

10th.— ^East -INDIA-HOUSE.— Yes- 
terday, a general court was held at 
the East India House on special af- 
fairs. After the usual forms, 

The chairman (Sir Hugh Inglis) 
acquainted the court, that it had been 
called for the purpose of submitting 
to them a petition to parliament for 
pecuniary aid. The court would re- 
collect that the late petition present- 
ed to the House of Commons for re- 
lief, included also an application for 
the renewal of the company's charter; 
but as the charter could not be ob- 
tained this session, it became abso- 
lutely necessary to present a petition 
applying solely for the pecuniary re- 
lief. 

The chairman also observed, that 
the mode of relief would entirely de- 
pend upon the disposition of his ma- 
jesty's minititers ; it had been the in- 
tention of Mr Perceval, whose loss 
every friend to the country must de- 
plore, to have included the sum want- 
ed (2,500,0001.) in the approaching 
loan, the company paying the in- 
terest ; however, thus much he could 
say, that it was not the intention of 
administration to raise the money on 
bonds. — The question on the petition 
was then put, and passed unanimous- 
ly. The court then adjourned. 

Mansion-house Fete One of 

the grandest entertainments ever wit- 
nessed in tlie city of London, except 
the Prince's magnificent Jcte, last 
year, and royal banquets, was given 
on Wednesday at the Mansion-house. 
The party invited to meet their royal 
highnesses the princes, consisted of 
all the ambassadors and foreign mi- 
nisters at our court, the great officers 
of state, and such of the nobility and 



Jdne 12.] 



CHRONICLE.. 



93 



distinguished membjers of all political 
parties as hia lordship was acquainted 
with. 

The Lady Mayoress, at night, 
opened the remainder of this splendid 
mansion with a ball and supper, at 
which all the gentlemen appeared in 
court dresses. 

The Lady Mayoress wore a splen- 
did dress of white crape richly em- 
broidered with real silver ; her head- 
dress consisted of diamonds and a very 
large plume of white ostrich feathers. 
—The whole was truly magnificent, 
as were the Lord Mayor's, being a 
rich embroidered coat, and full suit 
to correspond. 

The following illustrious and dis- 
tinguished persons sat down to the 
dinner in the Egyptian-hall, about 
seven o'clock : — Their Royal High- 
nesses the Dukes of York, Kent, 
Cumberland, Cambridge, and Glou- 
cester ; Monsieur de France, and the 
Duke de Berri ; the Spanish, Portu- 
gueze, and Turkish Ambassadors ; 
the American Minister and Count 
Munster; and a great nimaber of his 
majesty's ministers, and ladies and 
gentlemen of the first distinction, 
amounting to upwards of one thou- 
sand. — There was a profusion of 
Burgundy, Champaigne, and the 
choicest wines. 

It is a singular historical fact, that 
an ancestor of the late Mr Spencer 
Perceval also fell by the hands of an 
assassin : — In the year 1657, Robert 
Perceval, second son of the Right 
Hon. Sir P. Perceval, Knt. dreamed, 
*• that he saw his own spectre, bloody 
and ghastly, and was so shocked at 
the sight, that he swooned away." 
Soon after communicating the par- 
ticulars to his uncle. Sir Robert 
Smithwell, he was found in the Strand 
murdered. 

llth— Perth.— The old parlia. 



ment-house of this place, which was 
lately purchased by Mr D uncan , drug- 
gist, has just been taken down to 
make room for a new house, which 
the proprietor means to build upon its 
site. Saturday last the workmen, who 
were employed in digging a vault for 
the intended structure, discovered a 
large quantity of silver coins, about 
18 inches below the surface of the 
street. These had probably been 
deposited in a box, but no vestiges of 
it, except a single hinge, could be 
discovered. The coins themselves 
were in a state of oxydation, and 
many of them adhering together in 
a lump. The whole weighed 5lbs. 
14oz. They seem to be chiefly 
Enghsh and Scots pennies of the 1 3th 
century. Mr Duncan has been very 
liberal in distributing specimens of 
this collection among his friends, and 
has presented a few of the best to the 
Literary and Antiquarian Society. 
Among the latter is a coin of John 
Baliol. 

12th — Court of King's Bench. 
— Gilbert v. Sykesy Bart. — This was- 
an action, by which the plaintiff, who 
is a clergymen, sought to recover 
from the defendant. Sir Mark Sykes, 
Bart. 26001, odds, being the balance 
of the sum due to him by the defend- 
ant, on a wager on the life of Buona- 
parte, by which, in consideration of 
the sum of 1051. the defendant enga- 
ged to pay to the plaintiff one guinea 
per day, during the life time of Na- 
poleon Buonaparte. The wager was 
entered into at the table of the de- 
fendant after dinner, when the con- 
versation turning on the uncertain te- 
nure of Buonaparte's life, shortly after 
the peace of Amiens, the defendant 
offered to give one guinea per day, 
during the life of that person, to any 
one who would give him 100 guineas 
down. The plaintiff immediately cbH- 



94 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [June 1^ 



ed out " done ;" when the defendant, 
by his looks, which expressed dis- 
pleasure at being so suddenly caught, 
and the rest of the company, by their 
cries of " no, no, no wager," shewed 
their disapprobation of the conduct 
of the plaintiff. The plaintiff, how- 
ever, on the next lawful day sent to the 
defendant the 1051. which he accept- 
ed, and went on for nearly three years 
making the weekly payments. The 
action was tried before Mr Baron 
Thompson, at the last assi/es for the 
county of York, and the jury found 
for the defandant, thereby declaring 
the wager void. 

Mr Park having obtained a rule 
to shew cause why a new trial should 
be granted, 

Mr Topping, Mr Scarlett, and Mr 
Hurlock, argued in support of the 
Terdict, and Mr Park, Mr Richard- 
son, and Mr Brougham, against it. 

The court this day gave their 
judgement; finding the wager in ques- 
tion to be contrary to law, contrary 
to morality, and contrary to Christi- 
anity, contemplating as it did, assas- 
sination. The verdict, of course, was 
affirmed, and the rule for a new trial 
was discharged. 

ThenewCabinetnominationsare — 
The Earl of Liverpool, First Lord 
of the Treasury, Premier. — Right 
Hon. N. Vansittart, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer — Lord Chancellor, 
Lord Eldon — President of the Coun- 
cil, Earl of Harrowby — Foreign Se- 
cretary of State, Lord Castlereagh — 
Home ditto, Lord Sidmouth — War 

ditto. Earl Bathurst Admiralty, 

Lord Melville — Privy Seal, Earl of 
Westmoreland— Board of Controul, 
Lord Buckinghamshire — Ordnance, 
Lord Mulgrave. 

Sale of the Duke of Rox- 
burgh's Library. — Tuesday was 
quite an epoch in bookselling j for 



at no time, and in no country, did 
books bring the prices at which they 
were knocked down, by Mr Evans, 
at Roxburgh-house. — To enumerate 
all the rarities sold on that day would 
exceed the limits that we can spare 
for the article ; but we shall extract 
from the catalogue the titles of a few 
of the lots, and add the prices at 
which they sold. 

^ ROMANCES. 

" No. 6292. II Decameroni di Boc- 
caccio, fol. M. C. Edit. Prim. Venet. Vd- 
darfer. 1471." 

Of the extreme scarcity of this cele- 
brated edition of the Decameron, it will 
perhaps be sufficient to say, that no other 
perfect eopy is yet known to exist, after 
all the fruitless researches of more than 
300 years. It was bought by the Mar- 
quis of Blandford for 22601. ; being the 
largest sum ever given for a single vo- 
lume. 

" No. 6348. The Boke of the Fayt 
of Arraes and of Chyvalrye, fol. blue 
Turkey, gilt leaves, very rare. Caxton, 
1479." 

Bought by Mr Nornaviile for 3361. 

" No. 6349. The veray trew History 
of the valiant Knight Jason, fol Russia. 
Andewarpe, by Gerard Leea, 1492." 

Of this very rare edition no other 
copy is known. Bought by the Duke of 
Devonshire for 94l. los. 

" 6350. The Recuyell of the Histories 
of Troye, by Raolue le Fevre, translated 
and printed by William Caxton, fol. B. 
M. Colen 1473." 

This matchless copy of the first book 
printed in the English language, belong- 
ed to Elizabeth Gray, Queen of Edward" 
IV. Bought by the Duke of Devonshire 
for 10601. 10s. 

*' No. 6353. The most Pytlfiill His- 
tory of the Noble Appolyn, King of 
Tiiyre, 4to. M. G. L. vety rare. \V. de 
Worde, 1519." 

Bou^'ht by Mr Nornaviile for 1 15l. lOs. 

" No. 6360. The History of Blan- 
chardyn and the Princes Eglantyne, foh 
red mor. Caxton." 

Of this book there is no other dopy 



June 13."] 



CHROl^ICLE. 



95 



known to exist Unfortunately it is im- 
perfect at the end. Bought by Earl 
Spencer for 2151. ,5s. 

" No. 6361. The right pleasaunt and 
jroodlie Historve of the Four Sonnes of 
Aimon, foJ. red mor. Caxton, 1554." 

Bought by Mr Heber for 551. 

«* No. 6376. The Lyfe of Vergilius, 
trith wood cuts, rare, 4to." 

Bought by the Marquis of Blandford 
for 541. 12s. 

" No. 6S77. The Storye of Frederyke 
of Jennen, with wood cuts, 1518." 

Bought by Mr Tripliook for 65l. 2s. 

" No. 6378. The Story of Mary of 
Neraegen, with wood cuts, 151S." 

Bought by Mr Triphook for 67l. 

The day's sale amounted to 5035L 7s. 

Etrl Spencer was the competitor with 
the Marquis of Blandford, the fortunate 
purchaser, for the Decameron of Bocca- 
cio. The Marquig proposed starting with 
five guineas, but Lord Spencer put it in 
at lool. When the Marquis bid the last 
iol. Lord S. said, " I bow to you." Tlie 
engagment was very fierce, and at its ter- 
mination there was a general huzza ! 
Presently after, the Marquis offered his 
hand to Lord S., saying, " We are good 
friemls s«^ill .'" His Lordslvp replied, 
" Perfectl}' — indeed, I am obliged to 
you." " So am I to you," said the Mar- 
quis, " therefore the obligation is mutual." 
He declared that it was iiis iatention to 
have gone as far as 5000l. Before, he 
was possessed of a copy of tlie satne edi- 
tion, but it wanted iGve leaves ; " for 
which five leaves," as Lord S. observed, 
" he might be said to liave given 22601." 

It is not true, as was reported, that 
Mr Nornaville was employed to purchase 
books at this sale for Bonaparte. 

13th — Edinburgh. — Borthwick 
Castle was, on Friday, sold by au- 
thorityoftheCourt of Session.— This 
remarkable edifice was built in 1430, 
by the first Lord Borlhwick, and is 
acknowledged to be the most entire 
and magnificent specimen in Scot- 
land of the mansion of a feudal baron. 
We trust the purchaser will preserve 
this object of national curiosity from 
the decay to which, from having been 



long out of the family, it has been 
exposed. 

A singular and very beautiful phe- 
nomenon was observed here on Satur- 
day se'ennight, at 20 minutes past 
eight in the evening. The air was 
still, and the frith of Forth as smooth 
as glass ; scarcely any clouds were 
visible in the sky, except a large, 
dense, well-defined one, which, with 
the exception of a few tinges of red 
and yellow on its lower edges, was 
quite black and dismal, and obstruct- 
ed the rays of the setting suru As 
some gentlemen were amusing them- 
selves, by contemplating from the 
ramparts of the castle the truly su- 
blime scene with which that fortress 
is surrounded, a wedge-shaped mass 
of bright light, with its point turned 
towards the spectators, was obeerved 
by them to extend itself a consider- 
able way over the frith, from the op- 
posite shore. This mass of light soon 
increased in length, and at the same 
time became wider towards the apex, 
till in less than half a minute it had 
entirely stretched across the water, 
and was perfectly cylindrical, form- 
ing as complete a bridge of fire as 
can well be conceived. In breadth 
it was considerably greater than the 
apparent diameter of the sun usually 
is, when seen near the horizon in a 
somewhat hazy evening ; but its 
brightness was at least equal to the 
splendour of the 9olar orb at noon- 
day. No beam of sunshine was visi- 
ble in any other part of the landscape, 
and the large dense cloud which ob- 
scured the scene, and was directly 
beyond the luminous bridge, was as 
black as pitch. In this state thing* 
remained for ] 5 or 20 seconds, when 
the mass of light or fire seemed to 
diminish in breadth at the farther 
end, and became shorter and shorter, 
till in 20 seconds more it was a lu- 
minous spot like the sun, on this side 



96 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jone l*. 



of the frith, where it entirely vanish- 
ed. At one time, a tree in the land- 
scape was interposed betwixt the eye 
and the fiery bridge, and seemed 
beautifully projected upon it, half 
way across the frith. 

On Saturday last, a young man 
belonging to a party of the artillery, 
at present recruiting at Kelso, went 
to bathe in the Tweed, near the foot 
of St James's Green, when, going 
beyond his depth, and being unable 
to swim, he was unfortunately drown- 
ed. His name is John Graham. A 
companion who was with him, and 
who endeavoured to save him, narrow- 
ly escaped the same fate. 

In making some repairs on a house 
in Montrose last week, there was 
found in the wall, a silver coin of the 
Emperor Gordianus. On the face 
is a head of the emperor, with a ra- 
diated crown, and the legend imp. 
GORDIANUS PIUS — on the reverse, a 
female figure and laetitia aug-n. 

Saturday morning, a man was dis- 
covered hanging on a tree, near to 
Newton church, four miles south of 
Edinburgh. He was quite dead, and 
it is supposed, had committed this 
rash act in a fit of insanity. He was 
a plaistei-er by profession, and un- 
married. 

The following is considered a singu- 
lar circumstance : — A thrush, which 
for four years past has built her nest 
in thegarden of Mr Anthony Thomp- 
son, at St Bees, has this year chan- 
ged her residence, but not quitted 
the premises. She has taken up her 
abode in a bottle rack, and built her 
nest in the cavity of a bottle bottom ! 
This her cottage is not more than a 
couple of yards from a back door, 
through which one or other of the 
family are frequently passing. The 
thrush is at present in the quiet state 
9f incubation, and so familiarized to 



her old friends and protectors, as to 
suffer them to stroak her back, whilst 
she feeds off their hands with the 
greatest composure. 

14th. — Nightly Watch. A 

bill for the better regulation of the 
nightly watch in Westminster, and 
the vicinity of the metropolis, is now 
in its progress through parliament. 
It provides, among other things, that 
the number of watchmen in every pa- 
rish shall be in the proportion of one 
to every 60 houses, and that there 
shall be one patrole to every twelve 
watchmen: the watchmen to have 
their regular beats, and the patroles 
to perambulate the parish, superin- 
tend the watchmen, inspect the ale- 
houses and the state of the lamps, and 
report upon these and all other occur- 
rences of the night to the constables at 
the watch' house, where they are to be 
entered in a book to be kept for that 
purpose. Another clause provides'for 
the division of the night into two 
watches, and that one half of the 
watchmen shall be on duty in each 
watch, which they are to take alter- 
nately : the hours of watching in the 
winter months to be not later than 
from eight in the evening to seven in 
the morning ; in the spring and au- 
tumn, from nine in the evening to six 
in the morning ; and in the summer 
from nine to five. A copy of the book 
of entries kept at the watch-house to 
be transmitted every morning to the 
police-office of the district ; and ab- 
stracts of all such reports to be made 
out at least once a week, and trans- 
mitted to the head office in Bow- 
street. The bill also authorises the 
Secretary for the Home Department 
to divide the whole of the parishes to 
which it extends into eight districts, 
and to assign each of such districts to 
one of the police offices estabHshed by 
the act of the 32d of the king ; which 



June 16.] 



CHRONICLE. 



91 



offices shall every night send round 
one or more of their principal officers 
to superintend and report upon the 
conduct of the constables and watch- 
men. A person to be appointed at 
Bow-9treet, with a salary of 2CKJ1. a- 
year, for the purpose of digesting and 
arranging the reports and abstracts 
from the different parishes, and tra.is- 
mitting the same to the Secretary of 
State's office. Another clause pre- 
cludes police officers from recefving 
any reward on conviction of offenders, 
by act of parliament ; but to be re- 
warded at discretion of magistrates, 
for their activity and vigilance. Ma- 
gistrates authorised to cause the exe- 
cution of search warrants for stolen 
goods, by night as well as by day. 
The act of the 5lst of the king, for 
the more effectual administration of 
tb«; jffice of justice of the peace for 
Middlesex and Surrey, to be extend- 
ed to the city of London and its li- 
berties. The number of every hack- 
ney-coach to be painted on the pan- 
nel. 

16th. — Saturday nine men were 
put on shore at Sandgate, out of a 
schooner which had picked them up at 
sea, they having made their escape 
from the prison of Verdun, which 
they effected by means of working 
through the common sewer. The 
original number which escaped in this 
way from the prison was 48, but on 
their arrival at the sea-shore, which 
they accomplished in safety, and 
where they had procured a boat for 
their purpose, they were surrounded 
by a guard of soldiers ; in this extre- 
mity they attempted to defend them- 
selves with some tomahawks which 
they had found in the boat. In the 
contest 1,2 of them were shot, 27 
made prisoners, and nine made their 
escape, although every one of them 
was wounded. Those who were ta- 

VOL. V. PART II. 



ken prisoners, it is feared, will suffer 
severely for their conduct. Some of 
them have been in prison since the 
commencement of the war, having 
been taken in a letter of marque call- 
ed the Neptune. One of them was 
a part owner of this vessel, and be- 
longs to Shields ; he has received a 
wound in the leg. 

On Wednesday se'ennight was 
committed, at the Town-hall, Ply- 
mouth, by the Rev. Mr Justice Wil- 
liams, James Gilson, first mate of the 
Queen transport, for the wilful mur- 
der of Patrick Fitzgerald, a boy 
about fourteen years of age, during a 
voyage to Port Mahon, in January 
last. This murder seems to have 
been of the most unprovoked descrip- 
tion. Ddring their voyage, a signal 
was made to the transport, by the 
convoying ship, to carry more sail, 
which was answered by the former ; 
but in lowering the pennant it became 
entangled in the main stays, and Fitz- 
gerald was ordered by Gilson to pro- 
ceed aloft in order to clear it. Fitz- 
gerald, unused to the sea, did not 
execute the task so quickly as Gilson 
wished, in consequence of which he 
was directed to stand on the main 
top-gallant yard for several hours, by 
way of punishment. The weather at 
this time being peculiarly inclement, 
the boy, terrified by his situation, and 
shivering with cold, cried most bit- 
terly, when Gilson went up himself 
with a rope to beat him ; but the 
boy, in endeavouring to avoid him, 
lost his hold, fell nito the sea, and 
v/as drowned, without any effort be- 
ing permitted to be made by Gilson 
to save his life, either by lowering a 
boat, or putting the helm about. 
Gilson is to take his trial at the next 
Admiralty sessions. 

Marlbouough Street. The 

Right Honourable George Tiemey 



ss 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [June 17. 



charged Jeffery, bookseller, on Satur- 
day, at this office, with assaulting 
him on Friday, in Pall-mall., It ap- 
peared in evidence, that the prosecu- 
tor was in cotnpany with Lord Spen- 
cer, walking along Pall-mall, when 
JefFery assailed him with the most af t 
fronting language, telling him he was 
a pretty fellow to be a privy coun- 
sellor, &c. He also upbraided the 
noble lord in company with Mr Tier- 
ney, for walking with him. The 
prosecutor, to avoid the defendant's 
company, attempted to enter a shop 
in Pall-mall ; but the defendant got 
betwixt him and the door, and put 
himself in an attitude a-lo'Eelcher, 
and prevented it. It appeared, that 
Jeffery pretended the prosecutor had 
attempted to injure him in trade, but 
Mr Tierney disclaimed such attempt, 
and added, on the contrary, that he 
had even recommended him. Mr 
Tierney observed, he had not the 
slightest animosity towards the defen- 
dant, but he must insist on his finding 
sureties. The defendant was held in 
bail to keep the peace, himself in 
2001. and twna sureties in 501. each. 

Singular Phenomenon.-Ou the 
1st of May, an awful and singular 
phenomenon presented itself, to the 
great alarm and consternation of the 
inhabitants of the island of Barba- 
does, of which the following is an ac- 
count. 

Barbadoes, May 2 — Yesterday 
morning at four o'clock, the atmo- 
sphere was perfectly clear and light, 
but at six, thick clonds had covered 
the Ifcrizon, from whence issued, in 
torrents like rain, and particles finer 
than sand, volcanic matter ; and at 
eight, it was as totally dark as we 
ever recollect to have seen the most 
stormy night. It then became ne- 
cessary to procure lights, not only in 
ihc dwellings of famUiea, but lanterns 



were obliged to be used in passing 
from one part of the street to an- 
other. On the preceding night it 
however seems that many persons 
heard sounds like those which follow 
the discharging of cannon, and some 
go so far as to say, that they clearly 
observed the flashes to leeward of us, 
the same as if vessels were engaged at 
sea ; therefore, as these clouds came 
from the northward, it is much to be 
dreaded that some one of the neigh- 
bouring islands has experienced the 
dismal effects of a volcanic eruption. 
This awful state of darkness continu- 
ed until 20 minutes past 12 at noon, 
when the glimmerings of Heaven's 
light were gradually perceptible, and 
about one o'clock it was so far clear 
as to be compared with that of about 
seven in the evening. The eruptive 
matter, however, still continued, and, 
as was the case during the whole time 
of its descent, numerous flocks of 
exotic birds were heard warbling the 
melancholy note of croaking, as if 
they were messengers of past or pre- 
sages of future evil. We shall, in 
common with our fellow inhabitants, 
feel extremely anxious for arrival* 
from the neighbouring islands; should 
these fortunately have escaped any 
convulsion of the earth, this pheno- 
menon v/ill form a subject of much 
philosophical interest and learned dis- 
cussion. To describe the feeling that 
pervaded the community, during this 
awful period, is impossible — it is far 
more easy to be conceived ; many 
considered it as an infliction of that 
Almighty wrath which was denoun- 
ced against the Israelites of old, as 
we are informad in holy writ ; — 
" The Lord shall make the rain of 
the land powder and dust ; from Hea- 
ven shall it come down upon thee, un- 
til thou be destroyed ;" which was 
still further impressed by the follow- 



June 17.] 



CHRONICLE. 



S9 



ing passage — " And thou shalt 
grope at noon-day, as the blind gro- 
peth in darkness, and thou shalt not 
prosper in thy ways." It was, in 
short, a scene that can never be obli- 
terated from the memory, and it may 
at least have some good effect, that 
of strengthening the believer in his 
ideas of Omnipotence, as well as pro- 
ducing in the mind of the disbeliever 
(should there unhappily be one 
among us) a conviction of the error 
of his ways. The sandy particles ap- 
pear to have fallen^ in tliis neighbour- 
hood, to the depth of about three 
quarters of an inch ; but in the nOrth 
part of the island they aj-e said to be 
considerably deeper. 

The armed ship Emma arrived this 
day at noon, informs that, when 30 
miles to the eastward of Point SaHne, 
Martinique, early yesterday morning, 
a dreadful explosion was heard, and 
the vessel was shortly afterwards com- 
pletely enveloped in clouds of the 
same kind of matter as above stated ; 
and thiR was also experienced by the 
schooner Peggy, fropi Dominica, 
which also states that total darkness 
prevailed from two o'clock yesterday 
moniiiig until three in the afternoon. 
Extract of a letter from Barbadoes, 
dated 5th My, 1812, fo a mercan- 
tile house in Greenock. 
*» We can scarcely see to write for 
dust, and have not time, by this op- 
portunity, to give a full account of 
the most awful phenomenon that ever 
was witnessed here, which happened 
on the 1st instant. We were in utter 
darkness from halt past six in the 
morning till half past 12 in the after- 
noon, during which time, and the re- 
mainder of the day, a great quantity 
of du'>t was showered upon us from 
the heavens, which ha& covered the 
island at least one incii thick. The 
country is melancholy, and unless we 



have rain, there is no saying what will 
become of our live stock." 

17th.-THE Pitt Club, London. 
—The celebration of the anniversary 
of this great and illustrious statesman, 
^postponed from the 28th ult. on ac- 
count of the gloom and horror which 
so universally pervaded the public 
mind in consequence of the atrocious 
murder of the lamented Mr Perce- 
val), took place yesterday at the 
Loiidorl Tavern — The discussion in 
the House of Commons upon the im- 
portant question of the orders in 
council, necessarily prevented the at- 
tendance of many members of that hon. 
house on this occasion ; notwithstand- 
ing which, however, near four hun- 
dred noblemen and gentlemen of the 
first rank and consequence in the state 
were present. Mr Inglis was in the 
chair. The Lord Chancellor was on 
his right, the Earl of Liverpool on 
his left, the Duke of Montrose, 
Lords Camden, Buckinghamshire, 
Bathurst, Sidmouth, and many other 
noble peers, on both pides. An ex- 
cellent . mihtary band attended, and 
continued to play during the evening. 

After a most excellent dinner, Non 
nobis Domine was sung in the first 
style of excellence, by Messrs Keate, 
Dignum, and several other singeis of 
high professional repute The fol- 
lowing toasts were then giyen from 
the chair : 

" The King," with three times 
three — drank with universal and rei- 
terated bursts of applause. 

Song. — " God save the King," 

Toast — " The Prince Kegi nt," 
with three times three. — This toast 
was drank with enthusiastic cheers, 
which continuedsome minutes. There 
were nine distinct rounds of applause, 
which were followed by repeated hui- 
zas and waving of handkerchiefs from 
every part of the company. 



100 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [June 17. 



Song—" The Prince and Old 
England for ever," 

Toast — " The Queen and Roy- 
al Family,,* 

Toast. — " The House of Bruns- 
wick, and may they never forget the 
principles that seated them on the 
throne of these realms," with three 
times three. Drank with reiterated 
bursts of applause. 

Glee — " Hail, Star of Bruns- 
wick !" finely sung. 

The chairman then rose. He said 
lie should have the honour to propose 
a toast which every nobleman and 
gentleman present would naturally an- 
ticipate. In paying the testimony of 
their respects to the memory of the 
late Right Honourable William Pitt, 
it would only be necessary to con- 
template the humble origin and the 
present extent and influence of the 
Pitt Club, to be enabled to form a 
true estimate of the value of the prin- 
ciples and character of that great and 
upright man. The Pitt Club con- 
sisted, at the outset, of a small asso- 
ciation of private gentlemen of the 
city of London, induced to form that 
association, by their attachment to 
the principles which had influenced 
the conduct of Mr Pitt, and strongly 
impressed with a sense of the impor- 
tance of fixing, extending, and perpe- 
tuating those principles in the minds 
of the British people. Those prin- 
ciples were the maintenance of the 
constitutional dignity of the crown, 
the preservation ol the constitutional 
independence of parliament, and the 
freedom of the people. The innate 
and obvious value of those principles, 
combined with the great authority of 
the name and character of Mr Pitt, 
had, in the short period of six years, 
which had elapsed since the first in- 
stitution of this club, spread its at- 
tractions so widely, that, besides the 



great and respectable number of fol- 
lowers and votaries attached to it in 
this great capital, similar associations 
of equal respectability were now to 
be found in all the principal towns of 
England, Scotland, and Wales. He 
could not give a more convincing proof 
than this most gratifying fact of the 
true value of the principles of Mr Pitt, 
nor of the estimation in which they 
were held, nor of the influence and 
attraction which they possessed over 
the minds of Britons. He conclu- 
ded with giving the following 

Toast. — " The immortal memory 
of the late Right Honourable Willi- 
am^Pitt," drank as usual in solemn 
reverential silence by the whole com- 
pany. 

Song.--" The Pilot that weather'd 
the Storm." 

Toast. — " May the principles of 
Mr Pitt always influence the councils 
of Great Britain," with three times 
three. — Enthusiastic and long-conti- 
nued bursts of applause. 

Glee. — " When Order in this 
Land," 

Toast. — " The ministers of the 
Prince Regent," with three times 
three, followed by cheering of some 
minutes duration. 

The Earl of Liverpool replied in 
a short but animated speech. In 
returning thanks for the honour 
done to the servants of the Prince 
Regent, in drinking their healths, he 
felt himBelf called upon to say, on be- 
half of himself and his colleagues, 
that so distinguished a mark of the 
approbation of a meeting so highly 
respectable would, under any circum- 
stances, have been highly gratifying ; 
but it was rendered peculiarly so when 
coupled with the objects of the pre- 
sent meeting, and with the considera- 
tions arising from the institution of 
the Pitt Club, as well as from the as- 



June 17.] 



CHRONICLE. 



lOr 



semblage which that institution, and 
the principles which it was intended 
to extend and to perpetuate, had this 
day brought together. He was firm- 
ly persuaded, that it was to the energy 
of Mr Pitt's mind, the purity of his 
principles, and firmness of his mea- 
sures, that we were wholly indebted 
for the prosperity, the security, and 
-the blessings we this day enjoyed. 
The present servants of the Prince 
Regent, all educated in the principles 
of Mr Pitt, and reared under his 
guidance and auspices, felt an unal- 
terable devotion to those principles. 
In their fixed adherence to those prin- 
ciples they saw the best means of in- 
suring the safety, and promoting the 
interests of the empire ; and on this 
adherence they rested their claims to 
the confidence and support of the na- 
tion. 

Toast — " The memory of the 
Right Honourable Spencer Perce- 
val ;" drank in solemn and respectful 
silence. 

The Lord Chancellor then rose.— - 
Before he proposed the toast which 
he was about to give, he wished to 
offer a few prefatory observations. 
His noble colleague (the Earl of Li- 
verpool) had previously expressed the 
acknowledgments of the present ser- 
vants of the Prince Regent, for the 
honour done them in drinking their 
health in association with the princi- 
ples of Mr Pitt ; they were, indeed, 
most deeply and sincerely pledged and 
devoted to those principles ; princi- 
ples which had very accurately been 
explained by the chairman, to consist 
of the constitutional authority of the 
crown — the constitutional indepen- 
dence of parliament, and the consti- 
tutional freedom of the people. To 
those principles, in the maintenance 
of which Mr Pitt and Mr Spencer Per- 
ceval lived and died, the present ser- 



vants of the Prince Regent were un- 
alterably devoted, and in the influence 
of those principles, and the co-opera- 
tion of the great and respectable body 
now assembled, to do honour to them 
and to their great champion, he con- 
templated the best and most lasting 
assurance of the safety and best inte- 
rests of the empire. To those prin- 
ciples and to this commemoration, he; 
was himself so strongly attached, that 
no engagement, no difficulty, had 
ever prevented him from giving his 
attendance at this commemoration 
from the first institution of the meet- 
ing ; and while it pleased God to 
give him health and strength, he 
would promise a continuance of at- 
tendance equally invariable. He felt 
pride and confidence in being assured 
of the same devotion in his fellow- 
servants ; and in seeing, in the pre- 
fient meeting, sufficient evidence of 
the extensive and manly influence of 
those principles of Mr Pitt, he saw 
the best pledge of the welfare of the 
country. He concluded with giving 
the health of the chairman, and pro- 
sperity to the Pitt Chih,—{Lotid and 
repeated cheers. ) 

The Chairman returned thanks in 
a short speech, expressing his own 
attachment, and that of the club, to 
the principles of Mr Pitt, and im- 
pressing the importance of those prin- 
ciples on the country. 

A number of other patriotic toasts 
were drank, and the evening conclu- 
ded with the greatest harmony. 

The Loan. Tuesday morning 

the parties who had prepared lists for 
the loan of the year waited by ap- 
pointment upon the Earl of Liver- 
pool and Mr Vansittart. The terms 
proposed to the contractors were to 
give 120 in the reduced for every 
lOOl. sterling, and that the bidding 
should be in the 3 per cent, «onsols. 



102 EDINBURGH ANNtTAL REGISTER, 1812. [June 17. 



There were three lists, which, as our 
readers will see, by the following pa- 
per published by the contractors on 
their return to the city, coalesced : 

Loan of 22 500 OOOl. for the service of the 
jrear 1812. 

For England L.l 5,650,000 

Ireland 4,550,000 

The East India Company. . 2,500,000 
Contracted for on Tuesday, June 16, 1812, 
the lists having made a similar offer, by 
Mess. Baring, J. J. Angerstein, Battye, 

Dawes, and Ellis , 

Mess. Barnes, Steers, and Ricardo, and 
Mess. Robarts, Curtis, and Co. 



L.l 20 



56 




for every lOOl. 
sterling sub- 
scribed. 



The dividend upon the 3 per cent, 
consols to commence from January, 
and upon the reduced 3 per cents, 
from April last ; and the first half- 
yearly payments, becoming due July 
5, and October 10, to be exempted 
from the property duty. 

Discount after the rate of ^ per 
cent, per annum, for payments made 
in full. 

BinniNGS OF THE DIFFERENT LISTS. 

Mess. Baring, J. J. Angerstein, p 56I. 3per 
Battye, Dawes, & Ellis . . . . J ^^^t. con- 
Mess. Barnes, Steers, &Ricardor j^j^ 
Mess. Robarts, Curtis, & Co. J 

There was very great bustle and 
anxiety on the Stock Exchange du- 
ring the whole of the morning — 
Stocks opened at 58| and fell to 57. 

The omnium opened at a premium 
of 3 per cent, and fell afterwards to 
about 1 per cent. 

Admiralty Office. June 20. 

Admiral Lord Keith has transmit- 
ted to Johii Wilson Croker, Esq. a 
letter from the Hon. Captain Bouve- 
. rie, of his majesty's ship Medusa, to 
Captain Sr George RAph Collier, of 
the Surveiilante, giving an account of 



the destruction of the French national 
store-ship La Dorade, of l-i guns and 
86 men, on the 5th instant, in the har- 
bour of Arcason, by the boats of the 
Medusa, lindef the directions of Lieu- 
tenant Josiah Thompson. Notwith- 
standing the enemy were prepared for 
the attack, and the boats were hailed 
before they were within musket-shot, 
the ship was carried, after a desperate 
struggle, in which the whole of the 
crew, excepting £3 taken, were either , 
killed or compelled to jump overboard ; 
the commander of the vessel (a Lieu- 
tenant de Vaisseau) was amongst the 
latter, severely wounded. At day- 
light the ship was got under weigh, 
but after proceeding a league dowa ^ 
the harbour she grounded ; and the 
tide then running out with great vio- 
lence, she was set fire to, after the 
wounded had been taken out, and 
some time after blew up. The Do- 
rade had been watching an opportu- 
nity to escape from Arcason since the 
month of April, 1811. Capt. Bou- 
verie highly commends the conduct 
of Lieut. Thompson and the other 
officers and men employed on this 
occasion. 

Rear Admiral Brown, commander 
in chief at the islands of Guernsey 
and Jersey, has transmitted to John 
Wilson Croker, Esq. a letter from 
Lieutenant Drake, commanding the 
Sandwich hired lugger, giving an ac- 
count of his having, on the 15th in- 
stant, captured theCourageux French 
lugger privateer, of two guns and 24,' 
men, out four days from Brehat, with- 
out making any capture. 

23d. — On Tuesday afternoon, a- 
bout three o'clock, a melancholy ac- 
cident took place at Mr Edward Per- 
ry's iron-foundery, in the New Town, 
Whitehaven, by the bursting and 
blowing up of the steam-engine boiler, 
with a most tremendous noise and 



JuxeSS.] 



CHRONICLE. 



103 



shpck, which shattered the engine- 
house to pieces, and greatly damaged 
the moulding-house, &c. The part 
of the boiler, which blew up a consi- 
derable height, weighs upwards of 80 
cwt. fortunately no part of the frag- 
ftients, flying about, touched the large 
stack of the air furnace, which enables 
the casting business to be continued 
without interruption. James Carlisle, 
attending the engine, and Wm. Hark- 
ness, attending the cupola, were both 
much scalded and bruised. The for- 
mer lived only a few hours after the 
accident ; the other is in a hopeful 
way of recovery. 

24th. — Government is in possession 
of the coiTespondence between Buo- 
naparte and Bcrnadotte. 

The French ruler, as an ultimatum 
before he determined on prosecuting 
hostilities against Sweden, wrote to 
the Crown Prince, offering to restore 
Pomerania, Finland, and the estates 
of Bernadotte in France and Italy, 
on condition that the latter would 
co-operate with him in accomplish- 
ing his designs in the north. He, 
in the same communication, remind- 
ed Bernadotte of his early friendship, 
and of his recent obligations. 

The answer was short and deci- 
ded : — * With regard to Pomerania, 
the chance of war may again restore 
it to me ; with respect to Finland, it 
is not yours to bestow. As to the 
property assigned to me in France 
and Italy, I calculated on its surren- 
der when I became a Swede. You 
advert to our early friendship. We 
have fought side by side ; and for 
any talent we have shewn, or valour 
we have displayed, we were amply 
rewarded, you v/ith the crown of 
France, and I with the sceptre of 
Sweden. On the matter of obliga- 
tion, 1 need only reply, that the mo- 
tives of gratitude are pretty equal.' 



The court of St Petersburgh ha- 
ving indicated some uncertainty as to 
the sincerity of Bernadotte, our go- 
vernfnent has ordered authentic copies 
of this correspondence to be presented 
to Alexander ; and the delivery was 
to be accompanied with the enquiry, 
if the emperor were not then perfect- 
ly satisfied of the adherence of the 
Crown Prince to all the genuine in- 
terests of the northern states. 

Thomas Bowler. — The final ex- 
amination against this man for dis- 
charging the contents of a blunder- 
buss at Mr Burrows, took place yes- 
terday at Marlborough-street office. 
He was attended by a friend, and ap- 
peared very composed. The deposi- 
tions of the several witnesses (twelve 
in number) which had been previous- 
ly taken, were read over. During 
this proceeding, Mr Weatherall, the 
counsel, came in. On his cross-exa- 
mining one of the witnesses relative 
to the alleged insanity of the prison- 
er, the witness replied, he was his 
neighbour, he had known him six 
years, was seldom more than a day 
or two together without seeing him 
in his business, and he had never per-' 
ceived in him any symptoms of insa- 
nity, nor had he ever heard such a 
report in the neighbourhood. In this 
assertion this witness was supported 
by the others. — He was fully com- 
mitted for trial, ^nd has since been 
convicted and executed, » 

Hull, June^G. — On Saturday last, 
between four and five in the afternoon, 
a heavy clap of thunder was heard at 
this place, preceded by a very vivid 
flash of lightning, which was produc- 
tive of a calamitous event in this neigh- 
bourhood. As Mr Robert Witty, of 
this town, joiner, was returning home 
from hiesale, along thcHumber-bank, 
and about three quarters of amil<» from 
the latter place, he was struck by i; • 



104. EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [June 27. 



and killed upon the spot. His body 
was marked on the left temple, and 
left cheek, the pit of the stomach, the 
left groin, thigh, and leg, of which 
the stocking was turned quite brown, 
as was also his shirt. The latter was 
burned like tinder in many places. — 
The lining and crown of his hat were 
blown into fragments, and some of 
them carried to the distance of twen- 
ty yards. Three women who were 
walkmg towards the deceased, and 
about thirty yards off, saw him fall ; 
and a man following him, at about 
the same distance, was also struck by 
the flash, and deprived of his facul- 
ties for a moment. On recovering 
his recollection, he found his clothes 
dirty, whence it is apprehended he 
had been thrown down by the stroke. 
Mr Witty was about 24 years of age, 
had been married 13 months, and has 
left a widow, who, at the time of this 
awful visitation, had been only eight 
days confined of her first child. Her 
distress at learning the shocking in- 
telligence has brought her into immi- 
nent danger. 

About the same time the house 
of Mr Emery, linen-draper, market- 
place, Beverley, was struck by a ball 
of fire, which entered at the top of a 
chamber window, singed the bed cur- 
tains, and ran in a zig-zag direction 
down the walls, which were left mark- 
ed as if hot coals had been applied to 
them. — Happily no person was hurt. 

On Tuesday, during a severe thun- 
der-storm, as a man, his wife, and 
daughter, were at work in a brick- 
kiln, near the York road, about two 
miles from Boroughbridge, the girl 
was struck dead by the lightning ; 
the man, from the same cause, quite 
lost the use of both his legs, and the 
woman her arms. 

27 th. — Nottingham. — The thea- 
tj-e at this place has been abruptly 

V 



closed by command of the town ma- 
gistrates, in consequence of the tu- 
multuous proceedings that have taken 
place on several successive evenings, 
occasioned by a request made to the 
orchestra to play the national air of 
** God save the King." On the tune 
being called for, it has generally been 
accompanied with a cry of " hats 
off," which has produced the most 
violent opposition on the part of those 
who are any thing but " loyal." In- 
stead of complying with the request, 
the oppositionists answer it with a 
cry of " Millions be free !" and rising 
with their hats on, place themselves 
in the most menacing attitude of de- 
fiance. This act of indecency has 
frequently led to blows, and indivi- 
duals in the boxes have been obliged 
to seek their personal safety by leap- 
ing into the pit, while those in the 
pit have placed themselves in array 
against the boxes, and a general con- 
test or tumult has been the result. 
In several instances, tickets have been 
distributed, gratis, to the amount of 
several pounds, with a view to beat 
down the loyal party by main force, 
in consequence of which, several offi- 
cers have been insulted and mpl-trea- 
ted, particularly on Wednesday even- 
ing last, when a number of those des- 
peradoes surrounded Brigade-Major 
Humphrys, on coming out of the 
theatre, hooted him along the streets 
to his quarters, and threw a bottle in 
in his face, which cut him severely. 
Brigade- Major Humphrys is a most 
gentlemanly character, who had never 
taken any part whatever in the dis- 
turbances, but that he was a military 
officer was quite sufficient. On an- 
other occasion, a party way-laid an 
officer of the 2d Somerset militia who 
had been forward in displaying his 
zeal and loyalty to his kmg at the 
theatre, in the park, late in the ever.- 



JUNB 29.] 



CHRONICLE. 



IQS 



ing, and beat him in a most inhuman 
manner. Several have been compel- 
led to enter into recognizances for 
their good behaviour, and two or 
three are bound over to appear at the 
quarter sessions, for the assault com- 
mitted on the officer in the park. 
This evening was fixed for the bene- 
fit of Mr Robertson, one of the ma- 
nagers, who calculated upon a net re 
ceipt of at least 1001. but- by the 
abrupt closing of the theatre, it ap- 
pears he reckoned without his host. 

28th. — Yesterday, about 12 o'- 
clock, the Archbishops of Canterbu- 
ry and York, the Duke of Montrose, 
Earls of Aylesford and Winchelsea, 
members of the queen's council, arri- 
ved at the queen's lodge, where they 
were received by the six physicians, 
who laid the report of the state of his 
majesty's health before them. The 
members of the council after a con 
sultation adjourned to the castle, and 
being introduced into the presence 
of the queen, proceeded to hold a 
council, and sat till half past 3 o'- 
clock, when all the members, ex- 
cept the Earl of Winchelsea, set off 
on their return to London. 

The following bulletin was shewn 
at St James's Palace. 

" Windsor CastlCf June, 27. 

" Since the last report his majesty 
has had an increase of his disorder, 
which has again subsided." 

29th. — On Thursday, the races on 
the town moor, Newcastle, were at- 
tended by one of the most numerous 
concourses of spectators ever remem- 
bered. Just as the last race was fi- 
nished, a temporary stand belong- 
ing to the White Hart inn, being 
loaded with about 200 persons, gave 
way in the middle, and involved near- 
ly 100 in the crash. About 40 per- 
sons were seriously hurt, and ten or 
twelve dangerously, several of them 



having limbs broken. The medical 
gentlemen who were on the ground^ 
gave their ready assistance, and ma- 
ny of the sufferers were received into 
the Grand Stand, or were accommo- 
dated with carriages from thence. On 
Friday morning they were all alive ; 
but a poor woman named Elizabeth 
Smith, was in a very dangerous state, 
she having been below, at the time of 
the accident. Mr Redhead, senior, 
of Biddick, had a thigh broken ; Mr 
Blackbird, of Newbottle, a leg and 
thigh ; Mr Fiddler, a midshipman, a 
leg ; a pitman called the Duke, an 
arm ; Sir H. Vane's groom, a leg ; 
Mr Moffitt, founder, and several 
others, were much hurt, but had no 
limbs broken. Mrs Wylam, the pro- 
prietor, was hurt on the shoulder. 
The greatest sufferers were four casks 
of spirits, twelve dozen bottles of 
malt liquor, and seven dozen of wine, 
which were crushed to pieces. 

On Monday, about five o'clock, 
afternoon, a gentleman walking round 
the cragg at the foot of Nelson's 
monument, Calton-hill, Edinburgh, 
unfortunately fell over the precipice 
and was killed on the spot ; a medi- 
cal gentleman arrived about five mi- 
nutes after the accident, but the vital 
spark had fled. 

30th Mrs Siddons' Retire- 
ment. — Covent-Garden. The 

departure of ^rs Siddons from the 
stage is an event that most sensibly 
interests every amateur in the art. She 
has so long maintained the lustre of 
the genuine drama, that it fills the 
breast with the most sincere regret 
she should thus retire in the fulness of 
her fame, while her powers are un- 
decayed by years, and when she sees 
no rising candidate in any adequate 
degree qualified to supply the place 
which she will leave vacant. 

The play with which Mrs Siddons 



106 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [June 30. 



took leave of the public last night 
was Macbeth. We need not say that 
in none of the extensive circle of her 
performances, does she display nvore 
conspicuously that powerful talent 
for the delineation of the lofty pas- 
sions of the soul, which have so long 
distinguished her theatrical career, 
than in Lady Macbeth. Her Isabel- 
la, Belvidera, and Mrs Beverley, are 
admirable evidences of her softer 
powers. But from the period at 
which she first appeared. Lady Mac- 
beth seemed to be the character in 
which her powers found their most 
extensive range : it was the triumph 
of his genius, whose like we shall 
never see again. He shews her to us 
in her sleep, — in that hour when all 
human nature is feeble ; and shews 
us then the load of heavy thought 
that hung upon her during the day, 
but was sustained by the stern pride 
and preternatural vigour of her wa- 
king powers. No actress could go 
tamely through this her concluding 
scene : but when we say, that in it, 
as in the general spirit of the charac- 
ter, Mrs Siddons equalled the best 
of her efforts at the best period of 
her career, we offer her no cold pane- 
gyric. Her hushed step, her stifled 
voice, her fixed and dim eye, the 
countenance pale with unnatural 
thought, — for the time untouched 
with external things, but in its shades 
and shiverings standing a silent index 
of the agonies that rose thick within, 
were among the finest efforts of the 
art. After this scene the audience 
would see and hear no more — the 
electrical effect was produced — for 
the audience almost encored the 
scene. They became boisterous in 
their applause of her acting, and in 
calling for a repetition. The incon- 
gruity of stopping the march of a 
tragedy, for the encore of a whole 



scene, like a song in an opera, struck 
one part of the house, while another 
continued to demand it. The cur- 
tain dropt — an attempt was made to 
solicit the pleasure of the house to 
permit the play to proceed — but no 
— and after a long suspension, the 
curtain rose, and Mrs Siddons, in the 
dress of the sleep scene, came forward 
and delivered a poetical address, writ- 
ten by Horace Twiss, her nephew, 
with great feeling and effect. — The 
following are the concluding lines : — 

Judges and Friends ! to whom the tragic 
strain 
Of nature's feeling never spoke in vain. 
Perhaps your hearts, when years have gli- 
ded by. 
And past emotions wake a fleeting sigh. 
May think on her, whose lips have pour'd 

so long 
The charmed sorrows of your Shakspeare's 

song : 
On her, who, parting to return no more. 
Is now the mourner she but seem'd before. 
Herself subdued, resigns the melting spell. 
And breathes, withswelling heart, her long, 
her last farewell ! 

She made her reverences with great 
emotion, and Mr Kemble stept on 
the stage to assist in leading her off. . 
The house took leave of their favour- 
ite with reiterated acclamations. 

Mr Kemble then came on, and in 
a short address requested to know the 
pleasure of the house, whether they 
would hear the remainder of the play|; 
all the 5th act, except the first scene, 
remaining unperformed ; but the uni- 
versal cry of the house was that they 
could hear no more, and with this un- 
exampled compliment to the great 
tragic actress of the age, the scene 
closed. It had an unutterable effect 
on the feelings of the company, who 
immediately began to retire. 



AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 
The weather throughout the whole 



JitneSO.] 



CHRONICLE. 



107 



month has been particularly favour- 
able for the different operations of 
the season. The fallows have.wrou^ht 
in the most satisfactory manner 
The fields intended for turnip were 
got properly cleaned and pulverised, 
and the occasional showers that fell, 
have, in most cases, raised a regular 
and healthy braird of both Swedish 
and common turnip Although the 
wheat in general is tolerably close 
upon the ground, yet present ap- 
pearances certainly indicate a light 
crop, and even late, as in the most 
favourable situations it is only get- 
ting into the ear ; but much de- 
pends upon the future state of the 
weather, in determining the nature 
or value of the ensuing crop. Barley 
is likewise rather light, and not near 
8o promising as at the date of the 
last report ; but oats are every where 
well planted, and in most cases pro- 
mise an abundant crop Hay, upon 
clay lands, from a deficiency of clo- 
ver, will be rather light, but upon 
free ard dry soils the crop will be 
very abundant ; it will be eight or 
ten days, however, before the harvest- 
ing of that article becomes general. 
Pasture grass continues to afford a 
plentiful supply of food to the differ- 
ent kinds of stock, and the grazier 
has seldom been better paid, than by 
the sales already effected, although 
cattle were considered very dear when 
put upon the grass. 

Markets for grain have been upon 
the advance during the month ; and 
although as much may still remain as 
to afford a supply for the iiome mar- 
kets, yet very httle more will likely 
be exported, as the corn-merchants 
at the different sea-ports are nearly 
all barehanded. Butcher- markets are 
still high. 

Fashions. — Morning Disha bille. 



— A high dress of fine French cam- 
bric or plain Iiidia muslin, lichly em- 
broiclered round the bottom with a 
deep border ; a demi sleeve, orna- 
mented a i'antique, surmounting the 
long sleeve, which is Rnished at the 
wrist by a narrow rufHe ; the bust 
adorned partly en mititaire, partly 
a Vantique. to correspond with the 
demi sleeve ; the whole of the upper 
part of the dress ornamented by at 
profusion of lace, a'ld fiiished at the 
throat by an old Eiighsh ruff. Pea- 
sant's cap, with two rows of lace set 
on full, confined under the chin by a 
band formed of the same material as 
the cap, apd terminating in a bow on 
the crown. Plain black kid or jean 
slippers. 

Equestrian Costume. — An habit of 
bright green, ornamented down the- 
front, and embroidered at the cuffs, 
a la militaire, with black. Small ri- 
ding hat of black beaver, fancifully 
adorned with gold cordon and tassels, 
with a long ostrich feather in green 
in front, or a green hat with black 
tassels and black feather. Black half 
boots, laced and fringed with green. 
York tan gloves. 

When this dress is worn as a cur- 
ricle or walking costume, it is made 
as a pelisse, without the riding jack- 
et, and confined round the waist by 
a fancy belt of black and green. 



JULY. 



1st. — According to the new local 
militia act, passed 20th June last, the 
numbers to be enrolled for the differ- 
ent counties of Scotland are. 

Men. Mm. 

Co. of Edin. . . 13'J2 Argyll, 1456 

City ditto, . . . I'i40 Inverness, . ■. . 155G 



108 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [July 1. 



Perth, 2612 

Forfar, 5^044 

Kincardine, . . 544 
Aberdeen, . . . 2560 

Banff, 716 

Elgin, 552 

Nairn, 172 

Cromarty, ... 64 

Ross, 

Sutherland, 
Caithness, . 
Dumfries, - 
Clackmannan, 224 

Total, ...31,140 



180 

400 

484 

1136 



Linlithgow, . . 376 
Haddington, . 616 
Berwick, .... 620 

Peebles 180 

Selkirk, 100 

Roxburgh, . . 712 
Kirkcudbright, 604 

X^'igton, 476 

Ayr, 1744 

Renfrew, .... 1616 

Lanark, 3004 

Stirling, 1052 

Kinross, 140 

Fife, 1936 

Dumbarton, . 4^8 
Bute, 244 

Lisborit June 15. — His majesty's 
ship Union, of 98 guns, Captain Lin- 
zee, put in here last Wednesday, on 
her way to Gibraltar, in consequence 
of the captain's having been stabbed 
the preceding day, on his quarter- 
deck, by one of his crew. Admiral 
Berkeley of course instantly ordered 
a court-martial. 

The first lieutenant of the Union 
teas prosecutor (the captain being 
confined by his wound), and another 
lieutenant and two sailors who saw 
the act, were examined for the pro- 
secution, with the assistant-surgeon, 
who described the wound as under 
the second rib in the chest, and the 
nearest possible escape from being 
mortal. 

The prisoner made no defence, but 
that-he was drunk, and brought two 
©f his messmates, who had known 
him for ten years, who gave him a 
good character, and considered him 
an inoffensive man, but sometimes de- 
ranged when in liquor. He was una- 
nimously found guilty, and sentenced 
to be hanged on board such ship, 
arid at such time, as Admiral Berke- 
ley should direct ; which sentence 
was carried into execution, on Fri- 
day morning, on board the Union, 
at the fore yard-arm ; a boat's crew 
from each man of war in the Tagus 



attending. His name is Abchurch, 
a native of London. 

Captain Lin zee is doing well, but 
the ship has not yet sailed ; nor can 
he be expected to be able to resume 
his command for some days, if they- 
Wait for that. 'J' 

Algerine Outrage.— An Alge- 
rine squadron, consisting of two fri- 
gates, two sloops, and two brigs, has 
been for some time past cruising in 
the Mediterranean. On the 27th of 
April, the Haughty gun-brig. Lieu- 
tenant Harvey, proceeding with a 
convoy for Malta, fell in with it, 
when the Algerine commodore, after 
examining the ships, ordered the de- 
tention of a Greek vessel, laden with 
corn. On this order being notified 
to Lieutenant Harvey, he immedi- 
ately went on board the Algerine, 
accompanied by his surgeon, as inter- 
preter, to remonstrate against this 
unfriendly act, and to request the li- 
beration of the vessel. Instead, how- 
ever, of his request being complied 
with, he received the most gross and 
abusive language ; his own ship was 
threatened to be seized ; and on re- 
fusing to deliver up some papers be- 
longing to the Greek vessel, he was 
knocked down, repeatedly kicked, 
and his pockets rifled. He was in- 
stantly obliged to depart, without 
obtaining the release of the vessel, 
and proceeded to Cagliari. A repre- 
sentation of the affair has been made 
to Sir E. Pellew, but there was no 
probability of redress being obtained 
from these ruffians. 

3d. — Wick. — A melancholy acci- 
dent happened here, on the morning 
of the 1st. Alexander Hector, late 
master of the ship James of Aber- 
deen, had been for some time in the 
habit of fishing in the bay, and occa- 
sionally on the coast here, in a boat 
of a peculiar construction, and of a 



July 3.] 



CHRONICLE. 



1Q9 



most uncommonly small size He 
and a boy, named Doul, w^nt about 
three miles from the land, on Tues- 
day evening, to fish, and were seen 
for some time by Mr Hector's bro 
ther, and the boy*s father, who were 
fishing in another boat at a little dis- 
tance from them ; but, dreadful to 
relate, in an instant the small boat 
disappeared, and though the other 
boat hastened to the spot, nothing 
could be seen, but Mr Hector's hat 
and one oar, floating on the surface 
of the sea. As Mr Hector was very 
much reputed for his skill and activi- 
ty in piloting vessels to and from the 
new harbour and river of Wick, his 
loss is greatly felt ; and indeed all 
who knew him in private life lament- 
ed him much. He has left a discon- 
solate widow and several connections 
to mourn for his fatei The parents 
of the boy are also in great grief for 
the loss of their only son. 

Violation of Parole. — It is 
now about three months since Gene- 
ral Lefebvre broke his parole. We 
were not prepared to expect so speedi- 
ly a similar violation of honour on the 
part of another French general offi- 
cer. Philippon, the late governor of 
Badajos, who surrendered to the Earl 
of Wellington on the 6th of April, 
and was sent by government on pa- 
role to Oswestry, contrived to quit 
that town on Wednesday last, accom- 
panied by an officer of artillery of the 
name of Gamier. It has not yet been 
ascertained whither these disgraceful 
fugitives have gone ; but there is 
some reason to suppose, that they are 
attended by three persons who reside 
near Deal. We are glad to learn that 
government has adopted every neces- 
sary precaution to prevent their escape 
from this country ; full descriptions 
of their persons having been sent to 
all the out-pprts, and to other places 



where there is any probability of de- 
tecting them ; and strict orders have 
been issued, for the careful examina- 
tion of every suspicious person who 
may be found near the coast The 
artillery officer who accompanies Phi- 
lippon is said to speak pretty good 
English, whence it is conjectured that 
he has probably assumed the appear- 
ance and character of a friend acting 
as an interpreter. Philippon himself 
is a tall man, being nearly six feet in 
height, of ^ stout frame, with a fair 
complexion, and having a scar over 
his left eye. 

7th. — Horrible Catastrophe. 
— Monday morning, about nine oV 
clock, the inhabitants of Plymouth 
were thrown into indescribable terr 
ror, by the commission of one of those 
dreadful crimes which have so lately 
brutalized the species, and disgrace^ 
the British name. Mr Hyne, flour- 
merchant, of Old Town, Plymouth, 
while sitting at breakfast with hif 
wife and two children, suddenly sei- 
zed one of them, and cut it^ throaty 
he then seized the other, and, on the 
interference of his agonised wife, he 
fired a pistol at hen, when she fell, 
and he completely severe(^ the wind- 
pipe of the second. He finished the 
horrible business by blowing his owij 
brains out with a second pistol. 

The consternation of the neigh- 
bours on rushing in to the scene of 
blood, may be easily conceived. Mrs 
Hyne was found living ; a ball had 
entered her shoulder, and she had been 
stunned for the moment by the report 
of the pistol, which was held very 
close, and which only missed its in- 
tended eflFect by the agitation of Mr 
Hyne. The unfortunate and wretch- 
ed perpetrator of this deed was about 
thirty years of age, had always borne 
a good character, and was considered 
to be a man possessing property.— 



ilO EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812, [July Y— 14. 



He had transacted business on the 
Saturday preceding, was seen walking 
on the Hoe, at Plymouch, on the 
Sabbath evening, witii his family, ap- 
parently a happy group, and had 
promised to meet srveral tradesmen 
at Plymouth Dock on Monday morn- 
ing. 

8th. — The Roxburgh sale conclu- 
ded on Saturday. The total of the 
sale was above 23,0nQl. The library 
cost the late Duke under 50001: 

9th. — A marble §tati» of the late 
Mr Pitt was erected last week at the 
entrance of the senate-house at Cam- 
bridge It is deemed a good likeness, 
and the figure considered a fine piece 
of statuary. NoUekins was the artist : 
the price 3000 guineas. More than 
double that sum was subscribed for the 
purpose soon after Mr Pitt's death, 
in the year 1806, by 616 members of 
the university only. An engraved 
plate of the statue is to be taken for 
the subscribers who prefer it to ha- 
ving part of their subscription refund 
ed, and the remaining surplus applied 
to founding an university sc'iolarship. 
The only inscription on the pedestal 
is the word " Pitt." 

14;th. — Intelligence from Russia 
fully confirms that the determination 
of the Emperor Alexander is fixed 
and immoveable, ultimately to appeal 
to the sword, and to rest the justice 
of his cause on its perilous decision. 
Not only does he firmly adhere to 
the promises he has made to this 
country, but he has also adopted the 
advice suggested to the British go- 
vernment by Lord Wellington, of 
maintaining a defensive war, and re- 
moving every thing into the interior 
of the country, which might in any 
degree tend, to the support of the 
enemy ; thus has he embraced the sys- 
tem so wisely acted upon in Portu- 
gal by Lord Wellington ; and, in 



furtherance of it, every sort of provi- 
sions and stores are daily removing 
as the enemy advances. 

The following expose of the views 
of Buonaparte and the progress of 
his armies has reached us through 
the medium of his bulletins. 

«' Gumbinnen, June 20, 1812. 

" Towards ttie end of i 1 ), Russia al- 
tered her political system — he English 
spirit regained its influence — the ukase 
respecting commerce was its first act. 

" In February, 1811, five divisions of 
the Russian arm} quitted the Danube by 
forced marches, and proceeded to Poland. 
By this movement Russia sacrificed Wal- 
lachia »nd Moldavia. 

" When the Russian armies were uni- 
ted and formed, a protest against France 
appeared, which was transmitted ^o every 
cabinet. Russia bv that announced, that 
she felt no wisli even to save a()pearan- 
ces. All means of conciliition were em- 
ployed on the part of France — all were 
mefftrctual. 

" Towards the cl!)seof 1811, six months 
after, it w.is manifest to France that all 
this could end only in war.-— Preparations 
were made for it. The i^arrison of Dant- 
zick was increased to 20,000 men. Stores 
of every description, cannons, muskets, 
powder, amn.unition, pontoons, were 
conveyed to that place. Considerable 
sums of money were placed at the dispo- 
sal of the department of engineers, for 
the augmentation of its fortifications. 
The army was placed on the war esta- 
blishment. The cavalry, the irain of ar- 
tillery, and the military bitggage train, 
were completed. 

"Ill March, 1812, a treaty of alliance 
was coiiciuded with Austria. The prece- 
ding month a treaty had been concluded 
with Prussia. 

" In April the first corps of the grand 
army mart hcd tor the Oder, the second 
corps to the Elbe, the thiiii corps to the 
Lower Oder, the tourth corps set out 
from Verona, crossed thcT^ri)! and pro- 
ceeded to .'^ilehia The gm-rds left Paris. 

" On the 22J of Apni, theEutpen rof 
Russia took the tomiijanU ot the army. 



July 1^.] 



CHRONICLE. 



Ill 



quitted St Petersburgh, and moved his 
head-quarters to Wilna. 

" In the commencement of May, the 
first corps arrived on the Vistula, at El- 
bing and Marienburg ; the second corps 
at Marienwerder ; tlie third corps at 
Thorn ; the fourth and sixth corps at 
Plock ; the fifth corps assembled at War- 
saw ; the eighth corps on the right of 
Warsaw ; and the seventh corps at Pu- 
lawy. 

" The emperor set out from St Cloud 
on the 9th of May, crossed the Rhine on 
the 13th, the Elbe on the 29th, and the 
Vistula on the 6th of June. 

«* Wilkowiski, June 22, 1812. 

*' All means of effecting an understand- 
ing between the two empires became im- 
possible. The spirit which reigned in the 
Russian cabinet hurried it on to war. 
General Narbonne, aide-de-camp to the 
emperor, was dispatched to Wilna, and 
could remain there only a few days; 
by that was gained the proof, that the 
demand, equally arrogant and extraordi- 
nary, which had been made by Prince 
Kurakin, and in which he declared, that 
he would not enter into any explanation 
before France had evacuated the territo- 
ry of her own allies, in order to leave 
them at the mercy of Russia, was the 
sine qua non of that cabinet, and it made 
that a matter of boast to foreign powers. 

" I'he first corps advanced to the Pre- 
gel. The Prince of Eckmuhl had his 
head-quarters on the 11th of June at 
Koningsberg. 

" The Marshal Duke of Reggio, com- 
manding the second corps, had his head- 
quarters at Wehlau : the Marshal Duke 
o;E Ichingen, commanding the third corps, 
at Soldass ; the Prince Viceroy at Ras- 
ter.burg, the King of Westphalia at War- 
saw ; the Prince Poniatowski at Pultusk ; 
the empertr moved his head quarters, on 
the l2th to Koningsberg, on the Pre- 
gel; ou the IV th to Insterburg ; on the 
19th to Gumbinnen. 

" A slight hope of accommotlation stiil 
remamed. The emperor iiad given or- 
ders to Count Lauriston, to wait on tlie 
Emperor Alexander, or on iiis minister 
for Jbreign aftairs, sind to :iscertaii> vvhe- 
ihtr there miplit not vet be some means 



of obtaining a reconsideration of the de- 
mand of Prince Kurakin, and of reconci- 
ling the honour of France, and the inte- 
rest of her allies, with the opening a ne- 
gociation. 

" The same spirit. which had previously 
swayed the Russian cabinet, upon various 
pretexts*prevented Count Lauriston from 
accomplishing his mission ; and it ap- 
peared for the first time, that an ambas- 
sador, under circumstances of so much 
importance, was unable to obtain an in- 
• terview, either with the sovereign or hia 
minister. The secretary of legation. Pro- 
vost, brought this intelligence to, Gum- 
binnen ; and the emperor issued orders 
to march for the purpose of passing tha 
Niemen. The "conquered," observed 
he, " assume the tone of conquerors ; 
fate drags them on ; let their destinies be 
fulfilled." His majesty caused the fol- 
lowing to be inserted in the orders of the 
army : — 

pROCLAMATlo>f. — *' Soldiers, the se- 
cond war of Poland has commenced. 
The first was brought to a close at Fried- 
land and Tilsit. At Tilsit, Russia swore 
eternal alliance with France and war 
with England. She now violates her 
oaths. She refuses to give any explana- 
tion of her strange conduct, until the 
eagles of Fiance shall have repassed the 
Rhine, leaving, by such a movement, our 
allies at her mercy. Russia is dragged 
along by a fatality. Her destinies must 
be accomplished. Should she then con- 
sider us degenerate ? Are we no longer 
to be looked upon as the soldiers of Aus- 
terlitz ? She offers us the alternative of 
dishonour or war. The choice cannot 
admit of hesitation. Let us then march 
forward ; let us pass the Niemen ; let us 
carry the war into her territory. The 
second war of Poland will be as glorious 
to the French arms as the first ; but the 
peace which we shall conclude will be 
lis own guarantee, and will put an end 
to the proud and haughty influence which 
Ru'jsia f)ns for 60 jears eiercised in the 
affairs of Europe. 

*"• At our head-quarters at Wilkowiski, 
June 22, 1812. 
" Authenticated. (Signed) " NAPOLEON. 
" Prince of NeufchaTeL, Maj.-Gen.'* 



112 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [July 15. 



15th. — Bklf4st. On Monday 

night last the fly coach was attacked 
on its way from Dublin, between 
Balbriggan and Drogheda, by a par- 
ty of nine or ten robbers. The guard 
behaved extremely well, firing the 
> whole of his ammunition at them, 
which consisted of several rounds, 
from different arms. He was then of 
course overpowered, and the robbers 
succeeded in plundering the whole of 
the passengers of their cash, luggage, 
and, it is said, of even part of their 
clothes. The only person hurt be- 
longing to the coach was the coach- 
man, who received a ball through his 
arm. It is uncertain whether any of 
the banditti were killed or wounded, 
but they got clear off with their 
booty. 

Captain Barclay, the celebrated 
pedestrian, lately backed himself 
against time, for a considerable sum, 
to run nine miles within an hour. 
The ground fixed on was the 3d mile 
on the turnpike road from Stoneha- 
ven to Aberdeen. The captain ran 
the first seven miles in 49 minutes ; 
after which he stopped, and took some 
refreshment. In the remaining eleven 
minutes, he ran one mile and a half, 
so that he lost by half a mile. This 
wonderful effort was witnessed with 
astonishment, by a number of specta- 
tors. Several horses on the road were 
unable to keep up with him. ( They 
must have been wretched brutes in- 
deed not to be able to master eight 
miles and a half in the hour! ) He was 
dressed in flannel, with thin shoes and 
no stockings. 

Poisoning Race-Hobses. — Trial 
and Conviction of Datoson, at Cam- 
bridge Assizes. — This trial, which ex- 
cited so much interest in the sporting 
world, came on yesterday. 

The prisoner was arraigned on four 
indictments, with numerous counts. 



viz. for poisoning a horse belonging 
to Mr Adams of Royston, Herts, 
and a blood mare belonging to Mr 
Northey, at Newmarket, in 1809 ; 
and also for poisoning a horse belong- 
ing to Sir F. Standish, and another 
belonging to Lord Foley, in 1811, at 
the same place. 

He was tried and convicted on the 
first case only. 

Serjeant Sellon opened the case, 
and detailed the nature of the evi- 
dence. 

The principal witness, as on the 
former trial, was Cecil Bishop, an ac- 
complice with the prisoner. He 
proved having been for some time ac- 
quainted with Dawson, and that, on 
apphcation to him, he had furnished 
him with corrosive sublimate lo sick- 
en horses, as a friend of his had been 
tricked by physicking his horse, which 
was about to run a match. He went 
on to prove, that he and Dawson had 
become gradually acquainted ;' and 
that, on the prisoner complauiing the 
stuff was not strong enougn, he pre- 
pared him a solution of arsenic. Wit- 
ness described this as not offensive in 
smell, the prisoner having informed 
him that the horses had thrown up 
their heads, and refus-.d to partake of 
the water into which the corrosive 
sublimate had been infused. The pri- 
soner complained the stuff was not 
strong enough, and on being inform- 
ed, that, if it was made stronger, it 
would kill the horses, he replied he 
did not mind that. The Newmarket 
frequenters were rogues, and if he 
(meaning witness) had a fortune to 
lose, they would plunder him of it. 
The prisoner afterwards informed 
witness, he used the stuff, which was 
then strong enough, as it had killed 
a hackney and two brood mares. The 
other part of Bishop's testimony went 
to prove the case against the prisoner. 



IxjLTf 15—20.] 



CHRONICLE. 



lis 



Mrs Tillbrook, a respectable house- 
keeper at Newmarket, where the pri- 
■oner lodged, proved having found a 
"bottle of liquid concealed under Daw- 
son's bed, previous to the hordes ha- 
ving been poisoned, and that Dawson 
was out late on the Saturday ai.d Sun- 
day evenings, previous to that event, 
which took place on the Monday. 
After Dawson had left the house, she 
found the bottle, which she identified 
as having contained the said hquid, 
and which a chemist proved to have 
contained poison. Witness also pro- 
ved, that Dawson had cautioned her 
that he had poison in the* hous-e for 
^me dogs, lest any one should have 
the curiosity to taste it. 

Other witnesses proved a chain of 
circumstances, which left no doubt 
of the prisoner's guilt. 

Mr King, for the prisoner, took a 
legal objection, that no criminal of- 
fence had been committed, and that 
the subject was a matter of trespass. 
He contended, that the indictment 
njust fall, as it was necessary to prove 
that the prisoner had malice against 
the owner of the horse, to impoverish 
him, and not against the animal. He 
also contended, that the object of the 
prisoner was to injure, and not to kill. 

The objections, however, were 
over-ruled, without reply, and the 
prisoner was convicted. 

The judge pronounced sentence of 
death on the prisoner, and informed 
him, in strong language, he could not 
expect mercy to be extended to him. 

^Olh.. — The old established bank- 
ing house of Kensington and Co. of 
Lombard-street, stopped payment 
yesterday morning. A sensation 
alarming beyond all precedent was 
excited in the city and elsewhere in 
consequence of this calamitous event. 
The house of Kensington was much 
connected with Scotland. 

VOL. V. PART II. 



War with America.— The se- 
nate have agreed, 19 to 13, to there- 
solution of the House of Represen- 
tatives for declaring war against this 
country. 
Proclamation issued in consequence 
by General Sawer. 

*' Whereas wai has been declared by 
the government of the United States 
of America, to exist between the 
united kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, and the dependencies there- 
of, and the United States of Ameri- 
ca, and their territories ;— and where- 
as divers persorss, being subjects of 
the saij United States of America, 
are now within the limits of this pro- 
vince, and it is expedient and neces- 
sary that such persons should depart 
from this province within a limited 
period ; — rl have therefore thought 
fit, by afid with the advice of the exe- 
cutive council of this province, to is- 
sue this my proclamatii.n to order, 
enjoin, and direct, and I do hereby 
order, enjoin, and direct, all persons 
who are subjects of the Ui.ited States 
of America, to depart from thi pro- 
vince within fourteen day? from the 
day of the date ot this proclamation. 

•' And whereas by an order of po- 
lice issued by the city of Quebec, on 
the 29th inst. requiring all such sub- 
jects of the United States of Ameri- 
ca, as are now in the district of Que- 
bec, to depart fro|n t 'e city of Que- 
bec on or before the 1st day ot July 
next, before twelve o'clock ; and 
from the district of Quebec on or 
before the 3d day of July next, be- 
fore twelve o'clock ; And whereas 
the persons being subjects of the 
United States, who are now in the 
city and district of Quebec, are 
principally persons who have etitered 
this province in good faith, in the pro- 
secution of commercial pursuits — I 
have therefore thought fit to enlarge, 



1 1* EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 181^. [July 2*. 



and I do hereby enlarge the period 
allowed by the said order of police, 
for the departure of such persons 
from the city and district of Quebec, 
for and during the period of seven 
days from the day of the date of the 
proclamation. 

" George Prevost. 

"SOth June, 1812.' 

21 St. — Salamanca. -The French 
army under the command of Marshal 
Marmont was defeated this day by 
that of the allies, commanded by Lord 
Wellington, Duke of Ciudad Rodri- 
go, in the fields of Salamanca, on the 
left of the Tormes, near the Arra- 
pelo, after seven hours continued fi- 
ring, where the infantry as well as the 
cavalry and artillery of both nations 
did prodigies of valour. The French 
were successively dislodged from their 
advantageous positions, and they lost 
all the artillery which they had pla- 
ced there. Their loss of men amount- 
ed to from ten to twelve thousand. 

22d. — Dreadful Murder at 
Barnes, SuRREY.-We have this day 
to record another of those atrocious 
outrages against human nature which 
have recently stained the annals of 
this coimtry. The Count and Coun- 
tess D'Antraigues, two foreigners of 
distinction and great notoriety in the 
fashionable world, were, last night, 
savagely butchered by their own ser- 
vant, who afterwards eluded the just 
vengeance of the law by putting an 
end to his own wretched existence. 

It is a slight, and indeed but a sor- 
ry consolation to learn, that the mon- 
ster who perpetrated this series of foul 
crimes was an Italian servant, who 
had been not long in the employment 
of the count and countess. From the 
particulars which have transpired, it 
would appear that the villain watch- 
ed an opportunity, when the countess 
was in a room by herself, and rushed 



upon her with a pistol, which he pre- 
sented, but it missed fire. He then 
drew a poignard, and plunged it to 
the hilt in her back, as she was strug- 
ghng to escape from his deadly grasp. 

Her dying screams brought the 
Count D'Antraigues into the apart- 
ment, where he beheld his lady ex- 
tended lifeless on her face at the feet 
of the assassin. The brutal savage 
then made at his master, and with 
one thrust of his poignard bereaved 
him of life also I 

But a few seconds intervened when 
the servants in the other parts of the 
house were alarmed with the report 
of a pistol, and upon entering the 
apartment, the dreadful spectacle pre- 
sented itself of three lifeless bodies 
drenched in blood, extended upon the 
floor. The assassin was found with 
his brains blown out, and the pistol 
was still in his hand. 

The Count D'Antraigues was a 
person who has eminently distinguish- 
ed himself in the troubles which have 
convulsed Europe for the last two 
and twenty years. In 1789 he made 
himself conspicuous by his activity in 
favour of the revolution ; but during 
the tyranny of Robespierre he emi- 
grated to Germany, and was employ- 
ed in the service of Russia. At Ve- 
nice, in 1797, he was arrested by Ber- 
nadotte at the order of Buonaparte, 
who pretended to have discovered in 
his portfolio, all the particulars of the 
plot upon which the 18th of Fructi- 
dor was founded. 

The count made his escape from 
the citadel of Milan after he was con* 
fined, and was afterwards employed 
in the diplomatic mission of Russia, 
at the court of Dresden. In 1806 he 
was sent to England with credentials 
from the Emperor of Russia, who 
had granted him a pension, and placed 
great dependence upon his services. 



July ,24.] 



CHRONICLE. 



115 



He brought letters of very warm re- 
commendation from the emperor to 
Lord Grenville, and afterwards paid 
his court successfully to ministers ; 
for he received letters of denisation, 
and very considerable sums were la- 
vished by government, for services 
which he and his coadjutors under- 
took to manage. — The countess, his 
wife, was originally an actress. 

Sith. — Orebro. — A courier has 
Just arrived with the news of peace 
having been concluded between the 
Russians and Turks. One of the ar- 
ticles is, that should Austria attack 
the Russians, the Turks are to send 
an auxiliary corps of 50,000 men to 
the assistance of Russia. The same 
courier brings orders for General 
Suchkhn, to settle all difference be- 
tween Russia and Great Britain, with 
Mr Thornton, and to request Eng- 
land to assist Sweden as much as in 
her power. 

Extract from the Berlin Ga- 
zette. 

Treaty of Alliance betiveen Ins Majesty 
the King of Prussia, and his Ma- 
jesty the Emperor of the French, 
King of Italy, 8^c. S^c. ratified at 
Berlin the 5th of March, 1812. 
His majesty the King of Prussia, 
and his majesty the Emperor of the 
French, King of Italy, &c. wishing 
to bind more closely the ties which 
unite them, have named for their ple- 
nipotentiaries, namely, his majesty the 
King of Prussia, Mr Fredenck Wil- 
liam Louis, Baron de Krusemark, 
major-general of his majesty the King 
of Prussia, &c. His majesty the Em- 
peror of the French, King of Italy, 
&c. Mr Hugues Bernard, Count Ma- 
ret, Duke de Bassano, &c. his minis- 
ter for foreign affairs, were, after ha- 
ving communicated their respective 
full powers, agreed upon the follow- 
ing articles : — 



Art. I. There shall be a defensive alltr 
ance between his majesty the King of 
Prussia and his majesty the Emperor of 
the French, King of Italy, their heirs and 
successors, against all tiie powers of Eu- 
rope with which either of the contracting 
parties has or shall enter into war. 

Art. II. The two high contracting 
powers reciprocally guarantee to each 
other the integrity of the present terri- 
tory. 

Art. III. In case of the present alliance 
being brought to effect, and every time 
when such case shall happen, the conr 
trading powers will fix upon the mea- 
sures needful to^be taken by particular 
conventions. 

Art. IV. Every time that England shall 
make any attempts upon the rights of 
commerce, either by declaring in a state 
of blockade the coasts of one or other of 
the contracting parties, or any other dis- 
position contrary to the maritime rights 
consecrated by the treaty of Utrecht, all 
tlie ports and coasts of the said powers, 
shall be equally interdicted to the ships of 
neutral nations who suffer the indepen- 
dence of their flag to be molested. 

Art- V. The present treaty shall be ra- 
tified, the ratifications exchanged at Ber- 
lin, within the space often days, or soon- 
er, if possible. 

(Signed) The Duke of Bassano. 
The Baron KruseiMauk. 

27th. — Captain Hargrave arrived 
on Saturday night at the Admiralty, 
with dispatches from Admiral Saw- 
yer, at Halifax, brought by the Mac- 
karel schooner, which arrived at 
Portsmouth on Saturday morning. 
They state that on the S^th ult. the 
Belvidera frigate, commanded byCap- 
tain Byron, was cruising off Sandy- 
hook, but not in sight of land, when 
she fell in with an American squa- 
dron, consisting of the President, 
United States, Congress, and Essex 
frigates, and Hornet sloop of war, 
which ships, as soon ai they were 
within point-blank shot, without the 
least previous communication with 
the Belvidera, immediately commen- 



lie EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Jul* 27. 



ced firing upon her. — The Belvidera, 
of course, made sail from so very supe- 
rioran hostileforce, and the Americans 
pursued her, maintaining a running 
fight as long as the B Ividera was 
vrithifl reach of shot ; in the course 
of wh'.ch she had two men killed, and 
Captain Byron was much hurt in the 
thigh, by a gun falling upon iiim 
The Belvidera made the best of her 
way to Halifax, to acquaint Admiral 
Sawyer of the transaction, and repair 
her damages. On her arrival there 
Admiral Sawyer sent Captain Thomp- 
son, in the Calibre sloop of war, with 
a flag of truce, to New York, to re- 
quest an explanation of the matter ; 
dispatched the Rattler to Bermuda, 
and the different cruising stations, to 
order all his squadron to assemble at 
Halifax, and se,nt Captain Hargrave 
in the Mackarel to England, with dis- 
patches for government. The Mac- 
karel has had a good passage of 26 
days from Halifax. 

Fashions. — Eveninc^ Dress — An 
embroidered crape round robe, deco- 
rated at the feet with a deep Vandyke 
fringe ; short melon sleeve ; bosom 
and back to correspond. White or 
blossom satin under-dress. Hair a 
dishevelled crop, ornamented with a 
small cluster of the Chinese rose on 
each side, and confined with a comb 
of pearl at the back of the head. — 
Necklace, ear-rings, and bracelets, of 
pearl and wrought gold. Grecian 
scarf of lilac silk, with embroidered 
variegated ends. Slippers of wliite 
satin, and gloves of Frei ch kid Fan 
of imperial crape and ivory, embel- 
lished with gold antique devices. 

Promenade Dress — A round high 
robe of fine cambric or jaconet mus- 
lin, with waggoner's sleeves, and I'igh 
fuU-gathertd collar. A cottage vest, 
of light green or lemon-coloured sars- 
net, laced in front of the bosom with 
silk cord, and trimmed round with 



broad thread lace ; the vest left un- 
confined at the bottom of the waist. 
A Highland helmet, composed of the 
same material as the vest, with long 
square veil of white lace. A rosary 
and cross of the coquilla nut. Half- 
boots of pale green kid. Parasol of 
the same colour, with dtep white silk 
awning. Gloves of buff -coloured kid. 
— Ackermann's Repository of Arts, 
Fashions, Sfc 

Opera, or Gala Dress. — A robe of 
imperial blue sarsnet, shot with white, 
with a demitrain, ornamented with, 
fine French lace down each side, the 
front, and round the bottom ; the 
trimming surmounted by a white sa- 
tin ribbon ; the robe left open a small 
space down the front, and fastened 
with clasps of sapphire and pearl, 
over a white satin slip petticoat ; 
short fancy sleeves to correspond with 
the ornaments of the robe. Parisian 
cap made open, formed of rows of 
fine lace and strings of pearl, the hair 
dressed a-la-Henriette of France, ap- 
pearing between, and much separated 
on the forehead. Pearl necklace, and 
hoop ear-rings of the same. Scarf 
shawl in twisted drapery of fine white 
lace. White kid gloves, and fan of 
ivory, ornamented with gold. Slip- 
pers the same colour as the robe, with 
white rosettes. 

Evening Dress, — A pale willow 
green, shot with white j or plain 
white gossamer satin slip, with a de- 
mi-train, fringed with silver Short 
close sleeves, the same as the slip, 
tf-rminated with rows of scallops.— 
Short Grecian robe of white crape, 
embroidered and fringed with silver ; 
tlie waist of satin, ornamented with 
pearls, beads, or a delicate trimming 
of silver ; girdles, a la repeniie, form- 
ed of silver cordon and rich silver tas- 
sels. Anne of Denmark hat, of white 
satin, with a long white ostrich fea- 
ther drooping over the front, and 



July $7.] 



CHRONICLE. 



117 



surmounted by a small bunch of rose 
buds or wild honeysuckles ; pearl 
bandeau discovered on the right side 
of the head. Maltese ear-rings of 

{jearl and sapphires, with pearl neck- 
ace and cross to correspond. White 
•atin slippers, frirged with silver. — 
White kid gloves. The shawl or 
long mantle, generally thrown over 
this dress, should be of Maria Louisa 
blue, with very deep fringe. 

General Observations, — Now the 
pelisse rtposts safely in the cedar 
press, and the velvet and fur are em- 
bued with spicy odours, the preserva- 
tives of Turkey leather, camphire, 
and cedar shavings, which defend 
their warm and lich texture from 
the destructive moth, till winter shall 
again resume her frozen empire. 

To these have succeeded the spen- 
cer, the mantilla, and the scarf shawl. 
The former of these articles is most 
in favour 'or walking, with a bonnet 
of the same, bent over the forehead, 
and the flower transferred from be- 
neath to the front, or round the crown 
of the bonnet, but the most favourite 
ornament is a long white ostrich fea- 
ther. 

The gowns are made much the 
same as last month, consisting chiefly 
of French cambrics or Indian muslins 
for half dress, and coloured muslins, 
crapes, opera nets, gossamer satins, 
and French sarsnets, for evening par- 
ties. 

The dressing and disposing the hair 
yet maintains its favour and preference 
in the style aHopted by King Charles's 
beauties, and seems peculiarly suited 
to the English countenance. Floweru 
in half dress, and heron's and ostrich 
feathers in full dress, are now univer- 
sally adopted. 

The Village basket has now taken 
place of the ridicule, which, with the 
cottage bonnet placed very backward, 



with flowers underneath on each side 
the forehead, give to many of our la- 
dies of very high rank the appearance 
of blooming and beautiful cottagers. 

Stays are now very much thrown 
aside, and the exquisite contour of a 
fine Grecian form is now no longer, 
by being steel clad, disguised in such 
impenetrable and hideous armour. 

The favourite colours are blue, li- 
lac, jonquil, Pomona, and pale willow 
green.— Za Belle Assembler 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 
England. — Several pieces of rye 
have been cut in the home counties, 
but the wheat and oat harvest has 
been kept more than usually back- 
ward by the cold and rainy weather 5 
the barleys are found later than ei- 
ther. — The crops of most kinds of 
grain are expected to turn out good 
on tender soil, but light on heavy 
lands, from the long continuance o£ 
wet through the summer as well as 
the spring season ; the wheat, how- 
ever, is more fully set in general than 
has been known for several years 
past ; beans, pease, and other articles 
of the pulse kind, promise to turn 
out great crops ; and the oats in the 
fen countries bid fair to be equally 
productive. Potatoes prove abundant 
in all districts. The latter sown tur- 
nips have generally planted well, and 
the forward ones in Norfolk and Suf- 
folk continue very promising. The 
season has proved very favourable for 
the young clovers. The hop planta- 
tions of Farnham, Kent, and Sussex, 
do not afibrd the appearance of a 
third of an average crop ; those of 
the Worcester and Hereford districts 
are more promising ; the whole year's 
duty, however, is not estimated at 
more than 47,0001. ^ The wool mar- 
kets are rather higher for fine Merino 
and South Down fleeces. The Mid- 
4 



118 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [July 30. 



summer fairs have had but a scanty 
Bupply of lean stock, particularly in 
Scotch and Irish beasts, and there- 
fore the prices have consequently been 
considerably higher. Horses of shape 
and make, of all sorts, are also dearer. 
The meat markets have rather decli- 
ned, prime beef not exceeding 6s. and 
mutton 5s. 6d. per stone, through the 
month. 

Scotland. — The weather during 
this month has been generally cold and 
d»y, without any heavy rains, but at 
times moderate showers, which have 
been beneficial for the growing crops. 
The fallow, potatoes, and turnip 
cleaning have met with little obstruc- 
tion from dashing rains, which some- 
times happen at this season. The 
general opinion of the present crops 
is, that they may be about a medi- 
um ; but that it will be two or three 
weeks later to harvest than in ordina- 
ry seasons. There is a prospect of 
a full crop of potatoes, a largebreadth 
being planted, especially those upon 
dry soils. Hay harvest is nearly fi- 
nished, the bulk of it is in the rick, 
it is below an average when taken 
into account ; there is great want of 
clover plants in many fields, and of 
course there will be no second crop ; 
this will force the farmer to consume 
hay instead of the second crop of 
clover, and thereby diminish his dis- 
posable quantity ; sales are making 
at Is. to Is. 4d. per stone from the 
rick. From the general opinion of a 
late harvest, the grain prices have 
been advancing, especially oats ; the 
late spring caused great waste of them 
ere live stock could get grass ; and 
as farmers and country people usual- 
ly lay up as much meal in winter as 
will serve until harvest, they are be- 
come a new class of consumers of 
oatmeal, which increases the demand 
for this article. Our grain markets 



at present are principally supplied 
from the North by shipping to Leith. 
A very small quantity comes other- 
wise, either by sea or land carriage ' 
The cattle markets are still high and 
in demand, at higher prices for every 
description of beasts. 

Lothian Report. — Seldom has the 
weather been more favourable for the 
various productions of agriculture than 
what has been experienced throughout 
this month. From the Ist to the 18th 
it was calm and dry, with clear sun- 
shine, which was very advantageous 
for the blooming of the wheat, especi- 
ally the earlier fields, as the abundance 
of the crop materially depends upon 
the facihty with which that process in 
vegetation is accomplished. Part of 
the bay crop during that time was also 
got into the rick, and even in a few 
instances safely into the stack, with- 
out having received a single shower. 
During the rest of the month, there 
have been showers almost daily, which 
has retarded the hay harvest, fortunate- 
ly, however, without injuring the crop 
in any degree worth noticing ; while 
the growing crops of every descrip- 
tion have certainly received the most 
extensive benefit. The wheat has im- 
proved wonderfully even in bulk, and 
should the weather continue favour- 
able, present appearances certainly 
promise something like an average 
crop. Barley also is thriving ; and 
pease and beans in most cases are 
very luxuriant, while oats in almost 
every situation have seldom promised 
a more abundant crop. Turnips, 
both Swedish and common, are thri- 
ving, having been greatly benefited by 
the late showers, which have been 
equally favourable to the potatoes, 
which crop is well planted almost 
every where, and appears healthy. 
May a bountiful Providence realize 
present appearances, for the sake of 
5 



Aug. 3—6.3 



CHRONICLE. 



119 



the farmers as well as the rest of the 
community ; as when the price of 
grain is exorbitantly high, the farm- 
er i^ too often an object of envy, 
when it frequently happens he is one 
of the greatest sufferers. The fallows 
have wrought in the most satisfacto- 
ry manner, and in many instances 
are already manured, yet the most of 
that business is still to perform. Hay 
may be considered as an average crop, 
the greater part of which is still in 
the fields, but few or no sales of this 
article have as yet been effected, al- 
though prices are expected to be ra- 
ther higher than last year, as little or 
none of last crop remains on hand. 
The quantity of grain in this district 
is certainly very limited, an early har- 
vest is therefore much to be desired, 
as, should the contrary unfortunately 
be the case, the consequences to the 
poor raay be severe indeed. 



AUGUST. 



3d. Foreign-Office^ Douining- 

Street. — His Royal Highness, the 
Prince Regent has been pleased, in 
the name and on the behalf of his ma- 
jesty, to appoint Horatio Walpole, 
Esq. (commonly called Lord Wal- 
pole) to be his majesty's secretary of 
embassy, at the court of St Peters- 
burgh. 

6th..— On Sunday, agreeably to the 
alteration ordered at the last quarter- 
ly meeting of the queen's council, 
the following bulletin was shewn at 
St James's Palace : — 

♦* Windsor Castle, August 1. 

*' Soon after the last monthly re- 
port, his majesty had a severe acces- 
sion of his disorder, which quickly 
subsided ; and his majesty has since 
continued as well as before that at- 
tack,'* 

(Signed by the five physicians.) 



6th. — —Maidstone. ^William 

Brown, a private in the royal artille- 
ry, was indicted for the wilful murder 
of Isabella M'Guire, a child of the 
age of seven years. The prisoner was 
servant to a Lieutenant Webber, and 
bore a most exemplary character in the 
regiment ; some things, however, had 
been stolen from his master's closet, 
and he was suspected of the theft. He 
absented himself all the night of the 
4th of April, and on the morning of 
the 5th, as early as between five and 
six, he came back to the barracks, 
and wakened a person of the name of 
Jefferys, with whom he had lived. 
After some preliminary conversation, 
he told him he had committed a 
crime for which he must be hanged, 
and desired to be taken to the guard- 
house. Adam Little, serjeant-ma- 
jor, there received him in custody, 
and desiring to speak to the Serjeant 
in private, he then told him that last 
night he had murdered a little girl. 
The Serjeant desired him to state far- 
ther particulars. He said, that get- 
ting over a style, which led into a 
lan^ he saw the child at play, who 
cried when she saw him ; that he then 
took the child in his arms, and with 
his finger and thumb strangled it. 
As soon as it was dead, he carried 
it under his arm for some distance, 
and laid it on some stone steps in a 
place he described. 

A witness was called, who found 
the child in the place where the pri- 
soner desciribed he had left it ; and 
the surgeon stated, that by the marks 
under the throat, the child had evi- 
dently been strangled in the manner 
described by the prisoner. 

The prisoner could ascribe no mo- 
tive for this deed, but told the Ser- 
jeant he had no malice against the 
child, and could not tell how he came 
to do it. 

Mr Curwood, as counsel for the 



1^ EDINBt^RGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Aug. % 



prisoner, examined as to whether the 
prisoner might not be labourirg un- 
der temporary inflimmation of the 
brain, from the improper use of mer- 
curial medicine. 

The Serjeant said, he knew the 

{jrisoner adrrinistered mercury and 
audanum to himself without medical 
advice, but he did not know in what 
quantities. 

The lord chief baron, in summing 
up the evidence, stated, that the mere 
atrocity of the act itself must not be 
considered evidence of insanity — 
otherwise the most guilty criminals 
would escape j and here was evidence 
itiuch too slight to infer any derange- 
ihent of mind. 

The jury found the prisoner guil- 
ty, and he received sentence to be 
executed on the Monday. 

7th.— Yesterday morning, at six 
o'clock, two houses in Great Russell- 
street, Covent-garden, formerly the_ 
Blue Posts Tavern, which was under 
repair, fell to the ground with a tre- 
mendous crash. Unfortunately, at 
the time, several workmen who were 
employed in repairing the building 
were inside, in different parts of the 
premises. The greater part of the 
crazv edifice fell inwards, and luried 
nearly the whole in the ruins. Every 
effort was immediately made to extri- 
cate the unfortunate sufferers, and 
patings' were erected across the street 
to Drury lane theatre, to prevent their 
exertions from being impeded, and 
the workmen continued at their la- 
bours until night Several wtre ta- 
ken out of the cellar and ground floor, 
and as the materials of the building 
were light and unsubstantial, the lives 
of many were saved. There were 16 
persons in the interior of the miser- 
able building when it fell ; those in 
the cellar escaped, but many of the 
others dug out of the ruins presented 



very miserable objects, and were con- 
veyed to Middlesex hospital, two of 
whom died, and three soon returned, 
and exerted themselves to recover 
others from the ruins. A poor wo- 
man, who was passing when the 
houses fell, is supposed to have been 
killed, as her basket was found in 
the street, and she has not since been 
heard of. The workmen continued 
digging on the ruins the whole of 
last night, and the neighbourhood 
was thrown into gener^ alarm by 
the accident - 

A remarkable instance of the fe- 
cundity of bees lately occurred at 
Meiklebog, a high- lying farm in the 
Abbey parish of Paisley. Mr Mat- 
thew Sprowl, farmer there, has a hive 
two years old, which, in the course 
of last year, swarmed only once ; but, 
to the astonishment of every persoti 
in the neighbourhood, no less than 
four fine swarms have been lately 
produced from the same hive, within 
the short period of 18 days, viz. on 
the 10th, '^iOth, 23d, and 28th of Ju- 
ly. This is allowed to be the most 
uncommon instance of prohfication 
ever known in this part of the coun- 
try. 

Died at I)almamock, in the parish 
of Little Dunkeld, on the 28th July, 
Angus Stewart, Chelseaman, aged 96. 
This man was, in his youth, in Prince 
Charles's army, at Culloden ; he was 
afterwards in the 4'2d regiment, and 
in Quebec at the death of the brave 
General Wolfe, from which he was 
draughted into the 78th regiment. 

The firllowing interesting and af- 
fecting story will be read with inte- 
rest : III the gallant and san- 
guinary action which the Swallow 
maintained against a superior force, 
close in with Frejns, a short time 
since, there was a s»^aman named Phe- 
lan, who had hii wife on board } she 



Aug. 7—10.] 



CHRONICLE. 



12t 



was stationed (as is usual when wo- 
men are on board in time of battle) 
to assist the surgeon in care of the 
wounded. From the close manner in 
which the Swallow engaged the ene- 
my, yard-arm and yard-arm, the 
wounded, as may be expected, were 
brought below very fast, amongst 
the rest a messmate of her husband's, 
who received a musket- ball through 
the side. Her exertions were used to 
console the poor fellow, who was in 
great agonies and nearly breathing his 
last ; when, by some chance, she heard 
her husband was wounded on deck ; 
her anxiety could not one mom.ent be 
restrained ; she rushed instantly on 
deck, and received the wounded tar 
in her arms ; he faintly raised his head 
to kiss her — she burst into a flood of 
tears, and told him to take courage, 
" all would yet be well ;" but scarce- 
ly pronounced the last syllable when 
an ill- directed shot took her head off. 
The poor tar, Who was closely wrapt 
in her arms, opened his eyes once more 
—then shut them for ever. What 
renders the circumstance the more 
affecting was, the poor creature had 
been only three weeks delivered of a 
fine boy, who was thus in a moment 
deprived of a father and a mother. 
As soon as the action subsided " and 
nature began again to take its course," 
the feelings of the tars, who wanted 
no unnecessary incitement to stimu- 
late them, were all interested for the 
child ; many saiJ, ^nd all feared, he 
must die ; they all agreed he should 
have a hundred fathers, but what could 
be the substitute of a nurse and mo- 
ther ? However, active humanity soon 
discovered there was a Maltese goat 
on board, belonging to the officers, 
which gave an abandancy of milk, 
and as there was no better expedient, 
she was resorted to, for the purpose 
0f suckling the unfortuaats cuild, 



who, singular to say, is thriving and 
getting one of the finest little fellows 
in the world, and so tractable is hi« 
nurse, that she even lies down when 
the little babe is brought to be suck* 
led by her. 

10th. — On Wednesday last, the 
birth-day of the Prince Regent, the 
first stone of the Breakwater, in Ply- 
mouth Sound, was lowered down. — 
At ten o'clock in the morning two 
boats from every ship in Hamoaze 
attended at the Admiral's Stairs, 
Mount Wise. About noon the com- 
mander in chief, Sir R. Calder, Bart, 
acconlpanied by Admiral Sir Edward 
Buller, Bart, and all the captains or 
commanders of his majesty's vessels 
in commission at this port, rowed off 
in procession, with flags and streamers 
flying, passing between the Island and 
the Main, and rounding the eastern 
end of Drake's Island on their pass- 
age towards the outer part of the 
Sound. 

The mayor and corporation of Ply- 
mouth also went in procession to the 
Barbican Stairs, where they took wa- 
ter, and also proceeded to the Sound. 
A vast number of boats from the shore 
were scattered over the Sound ; and 
the ships of war were gaily decorated 
with the colours of different nations — ■ 
the standard of the united kingdom 
flying over the whole. Towards one 
o'clock the boats assembled round the 
vessel that held the stone (about four 
tons weight), and in which were cut 
the names of Sir Robert Calder, Port 
Admiral, and the Prince Regent. — 
Exactly at ten o'clock the Camel 
store-ship gave the signal, by firing 
a gun, and the stone was lowc-red to 
its b ISC, at the western extremity of 
the Breakwater, amid a royal salute 
of cannon from the ships in Cawsand 
Bay, between the Island and the Main, 
Plymouth Sound, and Hamoaze. T« 



122 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812j [Aug. 10. 



enable the public to obtain as near a 
view as possible of the ceremony, the 
Earl of Mount Edgecumbe threw 
open the gates of his enchanting 
grounds, the eastern parts of which 
were crowded with the beauty and 
fashion of the neighbourhood. 

The scene, heightened by the beau- 
ty of a fine day, was charming beyond 
description ; the grand, open bosom 
of the Sound was crowded by an im- 
mense number of pleasure-boats, cut- 
ters, barges, &c. filled with admiring 
beholders, araongjst whom were some 
highly respectable characters ; the 
men of war, in commemoration of the 
natal day of our august prince, bear- 
ing the royal standard at the main, 
were dressed with all the beauty which 
the numerous and variegated flags can 
give them, and formed a pleasing pic- 
ture, surrounded as they were by the 
numberless parties around them. 

The long ramparts of the citadel 
facing the sea, the hoe, and the ex- 
tensive and commanding heights on 
each side the 'Sound, were crowded 
with beauty, fashion, and a rejoicing 
multitude of loyal people, who vied 
with each other in expressing their 
satisfaction at the commencing of an 
undertaking which ultimately will so 
much tend [to the improvement of 
this port and to the security of the 
British navy. 

Execution of Dawson, the Poi- 
soner OF HoRSES.-Dawson suffered 
the sentence of the law on Saturday, 
at 12 o'clock, at the top of Cambridge 
Castle, amidst a surrounding assem- 
blage of at least 12,000 persons, it 
being on the market day. Previous 
to his condemnation, and for a day or 
two after, Dawson's conduct was un- 
ruly and boisterous in the extreme, 
but by the unremitted and continual 

?ious exhortations of the reverend Mr 
'earce, chaplain, he became reconci- 
led to his unhappy fate, and devoted 



his whole time to prayer. The pri- 
soner has made an unsolicited decla- 
ration of the whole poisoningbusiness, 
from the time of the physicking of Ru- 
bens at Brighton, to the poisoning at 
Newmarket, in 1811. To the honour 
of the turf be it said, not a single gen- 
tleman is included in the confession, 
and Dawson appears to have been ra- 
ther an agent than a principal. The 
parting farewell with his wife on 
Thursday was a heart-rending scene. 
She is a most respectable woman, and 
the prisoner seemed more affected at 
his indifference to her at former times, 
than at approaching death itself. He 
ascended the platform with manly for- 
titude, at 12 o'clock, and, after spend- 
ing 20 minutes in fervent prayer, he 
was launched into eternity. The bo- 
dy was deposited in a coffin, and re- 
mains for interment this day. In his 
last moments the culprit declared, in 
his fervency of prayer, that he never 
meant to kill, but merely to stop the 
horses from winning. 

The Crown Prnice, Bemadotte, 
has lately received from the Swedish 
States an addition to his income of 
about 70001. sterling. The allowance 
for himself and family is now 20,0001. 
per annum. Since his elevation he has 
purchased several valuable estates in 
Sweden. 

12th. — Last week the bam of Mr 
Wing, of Banham-haugh, Norfolk, 
was broken open, and the fleeces of 
nearly 60 sheep, which had been de- 
posited in the corn hole, were taken 
away. Nothing has yet transpired 
to lead to the discovery of the offen- 
ders, although suspicions are enter- 
tained of a gang who have long in- 
fested the neighbourhood, and who, 
the same or the following night, are 
supposed to have stolen four sacks 
of wheat from Mr Norton of Old 
Buckenham. 

Mr Wallis, surgeon, of Longbo- 



Aug. 12—14.] 



CHRONICLE. 



12i 



rough, near Nottingham, was sum- 
moned to attend a lady in labour, at 
two o'clock in the morning, on the 
6th instant. On entering the door 
where this pretended lady was, a vil- 
lain met him, and discharged a pistol 
at his head. Fortunately the shot 
missed him, and the fellow made his 
escape. Mr Wallis had received a 
letter, threatening to deprive him of 
his life, some time since, but paid no 
regard to it. Three hundred guineas 
are offered as a reward, to discover 
the perpetrator. 

Lately, Mr Faulknor, a respectable 
farmer at Baughurst, put an end to 
his existence. He arose earlier than 
usual, and was seen to carry a quan- 
tity of straw int© his house, which it 
appears he set on fire, and having pla- 
ced the butt end of a gun into the 
middle of it, and the muzzle in his 
mouth, sat down in a chair till the 
explosion took place, and the charge 
going through his head, killed him 
on the spot. He had been for some 
time in a desponding state of mind. 

13th .-At the Warwick assizes, T. 
Tole,an Irish pedlar, of about 50 years 
of age, was found guilty of the wilful 
murder of M. M'Comesky, a fellow- 
traveller and countryman. He denied 
his guilt until a short time previous 
to his execution, which took place on 
Friday. The prisoner was attended 
by a catholic priest for about two 
hours, and partook of the sacrament, 
as administered by the Romish church. 
He seemed much affected with his 
awful situation. The warrant for the 
execution of the criminal was received 
by Mr Totnall, at nine o'clock. He 
came on the scaffold at half-past 1 1 
o'clock, attended by the reverend Mr 
Langhame, and previous thereto by 
two cathohc priests. The rope was 
adjusted immediately as he appeared 
«n the scaffold, and in less than five 



minutes he was launched into eterni- 
ty, without uttering a single sentence, 
in the presence of several hundred per- 
sons. — At this assize, Barnabas Wal- 
ters and his son, who had picked up 
a bill, valued 111. and converted it to 
their own use, were tried and found 
guilty. In their defence they said, 
that having found the property they 
conceived they had a right to it as 
their own. But the presiding judge, 
in passing sentence, expressed himself 
in terms of indignation and astonish- 
ment, that such an idea should for a 
moment be entertained by any one ; 
it was the duty of every man when he 
found the property of another to use 
all diligence to find the owner. — They 
were each sentenced to one year's im- 
prisonment. 

14th. London, — The Prince 

Regent's Birth-day. On Wed- 
nesday, the anniversary of his royal 
highness the Prince Regent's birth 
was celebrated, with nearly the same 
demonstrations of public respect a$ 
have usually been shewn on the king's 
birth-day, except in the splendour 
and gaiety of a court. Several hun- 
dreds of the nobility and gentry call- 
ed at Carlton-house in the morning, 
and left their names in writing. The 
morning was ushered in with a gene- 
ral ringing of bells, and the display 
of flags and standards from the 
churches and public buildings. The 
king's guard was mounted by the 
brigade of grenadiers in white gait- 
ers, under the command of Colonel 
Staples : the band in their state uni- 
forms. The officers of the guards on 
duty were entertained with a turtle 
feast on the occasion. At one o'clock 
the Park guns discharged a double 
royal salute, for the first time since 
his royal highness's appointment to 
the regency. A barrel of porter was 
distributed among the populace at the 



t2* EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Aug. H. 



gates of St James's palace. In the 
evening a very grand fete was given, 
as usual, at Vauxhall gardens. The 
opera-house, the theatres, the Prince's 
and King's tradesmen's houses, were 
brilliantly illuminated. 

The Prince Regent, accompanied 
by the Duke of Clarence, left Carl- 
ton-house about eleven o'clock, for 
Frogmore, where the day was cele- 
brated by the Queen. 

Leeds. — Extraordinary Phe- 
nomena — The following marvellous 
narrative, communicated by the ghost- 
seers, has produced a good deal of 
conversation in a part of this county, 
and may serve to astonish the credu- 
lotis, amuse the sceptical, and occupy 
the speculative : — 

•* On Sunday evening, the 28th 
ultimo, between seven and eight o'- 
clock, A. Jackson, farmer, aged 45 
years, and M Turner, the son of W. 
Turner, farmer, aged 15 years, while 
engaged in inspecting their cattle, 
grazing on Havarah Park, near Rip- 
ley, part of the estate of Sir J. Ingle- 
by, Bart, were suddenly surprised by 
a most extraordinary appearance in the 
park. Turner, whose attention was 
first drawn to this spectacle, said, 
* Look, Anthony, what a quantity 
of beasts!* — * Beasts!' cried Antho- 
ny, • Lord bless us ! they are not 
beasts, they are men !' — By this time 
the body was in motion, and the spec- 
tators discovered that it was an army 
of soldiers, dressed in a white military 
uniform, and that in the centre stood 
a personage of commanding aspect, 
clothed in scarlet. After performing 
a number of evolutions, the body be- 
gan to march in perfect order to the 
summit of a hill, passing the specta- 
tors at a distance of about one hun- 
dred yards. Nd sooner had the first 
body, which seemed to consist of se- 
veral hundreds, and extended four 



deep, over an inclosure of SO acres, 
attained the hill, than another assem- 
blage of men, far more numerous than 
the former, dressed in dark-coloured 
clothes, arose and marched, without 
any apparent hostility, after the mili- 
tary spectres ; at the top of the hill 
both the parties formed what the 
spectators called an L, and passing 
down the opposite side of the hill, 
disappeared. At this time a volume 
of smoke, apparently like that vomit- 
ed by a park of artillery, spread over 
the plain, and was so impervious, as 
for nearly two minutes to hide the 
cattle from the view of Jackson and 
Turner, who hurried home with all 
possible expedition : and the effect 
upon their minds, even at this dis- 
tance of time, is so strong, that they 
cannot mention the circumstance with- 
out visible emotion. 

•• We have had the curiosity, and 
an idle curiosity perhaps it was, to 
collate the accounts of this strange vi- 
sion, as given by the two spectators, 
and find them agree in every part, 
with these exceptions : — he young 
man says, that as far as he could mark 
the progress of time, while a scene so 
novel and alarming was passing before 
him, he thinks that from the appear- 
ance of the first body to the disap- 
pearance of the smoke, might be a- 
bout five minutes ; Jackson says, it 
could not be less than a quarter of an 
hour, and that during all this time 
they were making to each other such 
observations as arose out of the spec- 
tacle. The junior spectator says, he 
observed, amongst the first body, arms 
glistening m the sun ; the senior says 
it may be so ; but that did n-it strike 
him, nor can he, in thinking of it since, 
recall any such appearance to his re- 
collection. 

" On this strange story we shall 
only observe, that the ground fornas 



Auo. 1+.| 



CHRONICLE. 



125 



ing the scene of action is perfectly 
•ound, and not likely to emit any of 
those exhalations which might arise 
from a swamp ; that the narrators 
are both persons of character ; that 
those who know them best, believe 
them most, and that they themselves 
are unquestionably convinced of the 
truth of their own narrative ; that 
tradition records a scene somewhat 
similar, exhibited on Stockton forest, 
about the breaking out of the present 
war ; and that we shall be glad to re- 
ceive any satisfactory elucidation of 
this Phantasmagoria.** 

Thus far the Leeds Mercury. — 
We do not know whether the fol- 
lowing article will be considered as 
affording any satisfactory elucidation ; 
but it may, perhaps, contribute some- 
thing to the amusement of our read- 
ers: — 

{From an Account of Cumberland.) 
" Souter-fell is nearly 900 yards 
high, barricadoed on the north and 
west side with precipitous rocks, but 
somewhat more open on the east, and 
easier of access. On this mountain oc- 
curred the extraordinary phenomena, 
that, towards the middle of the past 
century, excited so much conversation 
and alarm. We mean the visionary 
appearances of armed men, and other 
figures, the causes of which never 
yet received a satisfactory solution, 
though, from the circumstances here- 
after-mentioned, there seems reason to 
believe, that they are not entirely in- 
explicable. The particulars are rela- 
ted somewhat differently ; but as Mr 
Clarke procured the attestations of 
two of the persons to whom the phe- 
nomena were first visible, to the ac- 
count inserted in his " Survey of the 

Lakes," we shall relate the circura- 

ttance from that authority. 



** By the attested relation, it seems, 
that the first time any of these vision- 
ary phenomena were observed was on 
a summer's evening, in the year 174'3. 
As D Stricki t, then servant to J. 
Wren, of Wiltonhall,* the next house 
to Blakehills,* was sitting at the door 
with his master, they saw the figure 
of a man with a dog, pursuing some 
horses along Souter-fell side, a place 
so steep that a horse can scarcely tra- 
vel on it. They appeared to run at 
an amazing pace, till they got out of 
sight at the lower end of the fell.— 
The next morning Stricket and hit 
master ascended the steep side of the 
mountain, in full expectation that 
they should find the man lying dead, 
as they were persuaded that the swift- 
ness with which he ran must have 
killed him ; and imagined likewise, 
that they should pick up some of the 
shoes, which they thought the horses 
must have lost in gallopping at such 
a furious rate. They, however, were 
disappointed, for there appeared not 
the least vtstiges of either man or 
horses ; not so much as the mark of 
a horse's hoof upon the turf. Asto- 
nishment, and a degree of fear, per- 
haps, for some time, induced them to 
conceal the circumstances ; but they 
at length disclo'ied them, and, as might 
be expected, were only laughed at for 
their credulity. 

•' The following year, 1744-, on the 
2^d of June, as the same D- Stricket, 
who at the time lived with Mr W. 
Lancaster's father, of Blakehills, was 
walking a little above the house, about 
half-past seven m the evening, he saw 
a troop of horsemen riding on Siuter- 
fell side, in pretty close rar.ks, and at 
a brisk pace. Mindful of the ridicule 
which had been excited against him 
the preceding year, he continued ta 



• Tiiese places are about half a mile from Souter-fell. 



126 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Aug. H. 



observe them in silence for some time ; 
but being at last convinced that the 
appearance vs^as real, he went into the 
house, and informed Mr Lancaster 
that he had something curious to 
shew him. They went out together ; 
but, before Stricket had either spoken 
or pointed to the place, his master's 
son had himself discovered the aerial 
troopers ; and, when conscious that 
the same appearances were visible to 
both, they informed the family, and 
the phenomena were alike seen by all. 

** These visionary horsemen seemed 
to come from the lowest part of Sou- 
ter-fell, and became visible at a place 
called Knott ; they then moved in re- 
gular troops along the side of the fell, 
till they came opposite to Blakehills, 
when they went over the mountain. 
Thus they described a kind of curvi- 
lineal path ; and both their first and 
last appearances were bounded by the 
top of the mountain. 

" The pace at which these shadowy 
forms proceeded, was a regular sivi/t 
ioalk ; and the whole time of the con- 
tinuance of their appearance was up- 
wards of tv?o hours ; but farther ob- 
servation v»-as then precluded by the 
approach of darkness. Many troops 
were seen in succession ; and frequent- 
ly the last, or last but one, in a troop, 
would quit his position, gallop to the 
front, and then observe the same pace 
with the others. The same changes 
were visible to all the spectators ; and 
the view of the phenomena was not 
confined to Blakehills only, " but was 
seen by every person at every cottage 
within the distance of a mile." — Such 
are the particulars of this singular re- 
lation, as given by Mr Clarke. The 



attestation is signed by Lancaster and 
Stricket, and dated the 21st of July, 
1745. The number of persons who 
witnessed the march of these aerial 
travellers seems to have been 26. 

These phenomena have been by 
some considered as a mere deceptiQ 
visits ; but it appears in the highest 
degree improbable, that so many spec- 
tators should experience the same kind 
of illusion, and at exactly the same 
period. We should rather attribute 
the appearances to particular states of 
the atmosphere, and suppose them to 
be the shadows of realities ;f the airy- 
resemblances oi scenes actually passing 
in a distant part of the country, and 
by some singular operations of natu- 
ral causes, thus expressively imaged 
on the acclivity of the mountains. We 
shall illustrate ouropinion by some par- 
ticulars relating to the Spectre of the 
Broken, an aerial figure tnat is some- 
times seen among the Hartz moun- ^ 
tains in Hanover :;}: — ' 

" Having ascended the Broken,'* 
observes M. Haue, from whose diary 
this account is transcribed, ** for the 
thirtieth time, I was at length so for- 
tunate as to have the pleasure of see- 
ing the phenomenon. The sun rose 
about four o'clock, and the atmos- 
phere being quite serene towards the 
east, his rays could pass without any 
obstruction over the Heinrichshohe. 
In the south-west, however, towards 
Achtermannshohe, a brisk west wind 
carried before it thin transparent va- 
pours. About a quarter past four I 
looked round, to see whether the at- 
mosphere would permit me to have a 
free prospect to the south-west, when 
I observed, at a very great distance, 



f It should be remarked, tliat tlie time when these appearances were observed, 
was the eve of the rebellion, when some troops of horsemen might be privately ex- 
"ercising. 

:}: See Gottingi£ches Journal dcr Nalurwissencuschaften, Vol, I. Part III. 



Aug. 17.3 



CHRONICLE. 



12Y 



towards Achtermannshohe, a human 
figure of a monstrous size i A violent 
gust of wind having nearly carried 
away my hat, I clapped my hand to 
it, by moving my arm towards my 
head, and the colossal figure did the 
fame. 

*' The pleasure which I felt at this 
discovery can hardly be described ; for 
I had made already many a weary step 
in the hopes of seeing this shadowy 
image, without being able to gratify 
my curiosity. I immediately made 
another movement, by bending my 
body, and the colossal figure before 
me repeated it. I was desirous of 
doing the same thing once more, but 
my colossus had vanished. I remain- 
ed in the same position, waiting to 
see whether it would return, and in 
a few minutes it again made its ap- 
pearance on the Achtermannshohe. 
I paid ray respects to it a second 
time, and it did the same to me. I 
then called the landlord of the Bro- 
ken (the neighbouring inn), and ha- 
ving both taken the same position 
which I had taken alone, we looked 
towards the Achtermannshohe, but 
saw nothing. We had not, however, 
stood long, when two such colossal 
figures were formed over the above 
eminence, which repeated their com- 
pliments by bending their bodies as 
we did, after which they vanished. 
We retained our position, kept our 
eyes fixed on the same spot, and in 
a little time the two figures again 
stood before us, and were joined by 
a third. Every movement that we 
made, these figures imitated ; but 
with this difference, that the pheno- 
menon was sometimes weak and faint, 
sometimes strong and well defined." 

This curious detail, concerning the 
imitative powers of the Spectre of 
the Broken, demonstrates that the 
actions of human beings are some- 



times pictured on the clouds ; and 
when all the circumstances of the 
phenomena on Souter-fell are consi- 
dered, it seems highly probable that 
some thin vapours must have bcea 
hovering round its summit at the 
time when the appearances were ob- 
served. It is also probable, that 
these vapours must have been im-! 
pressed with the shadowy forms that 
seemed to *' imitate humanity," by a 
particular operation of the sun's rays, 
united with some singular, but un- 
known retractive combination, that 
were then taking place in the atmos- 
phere. 

17th. — Letters from several offi- 
cers of the British army, dated Sala- 
manca and Valladolid the 25th ult. 
state that Lord Wellington, by a 
feigned retreat into the plains of Sa- 
lamanca, drew Marmont from his 
strong position ; for a whole week he 
endeavoured to turn Lord Welling- 
ton's right without effect. On the 
22d Lord Wellington seeing a favour- 
able opportunity attacked Marmont's 
left with so much vigour and effect as 
to turn it : then, according to Buo- 
naparte's plan, pierced his centre, di- 
vided it from both flanks, and threw 
the enemy into such confusion, that 
after making a stand for about two 
hours, they gave way at all points. 
Then the carnage took place, which 
continued till eleven o'clock, when 
night alone saved their whole army 
from total destruction. They left 
12,000 killed and wounded on the 
field of battle, which for five leagues 
round was covered with dead, wound- 
ed, and dying. Seven thousand pri- 
soners were brought in the first day, 
and the heavy cavalry and 95th rifle 
corps brought in 2000 the next day. 

Marmont suffered amputation in a 
farm-house on his retreat, and just 
had the arteries taken up, and the 



128 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Aue. 2a 



stamp dressed, when an advanced par- 
ty of the alHes entered the village of 
Panaramba, which he had left on 
horseback, with his surgeon, about 
twenty minutes before they came to 
the house. The whole English army 
on the advance were hailed as deliver- 
ers in every town they came into, 
each vying who should biing forward 
most refreshments and provisions. 

When his Excellency Marshal Ge- 
neral Lord Wellington approached 
Salamanca, he was received at a dis- 
tance of a quarter of a league by a 
piquet of children, of from eight to 
nine years old, armed in that way 
which their strength admitted^ On 
the bridge, at the entrance of the 
place, was posted another piquet of 
children, of a similar age, with a band 
of music, which so delighted the great 
WeHington, that he dismounted and 
entered the place on foot, surrounded 
and followed by those guards of ho- 
nour. A t the gate of the fortress he 
•was received by Governor Vives, and 
a general of division, amidst acclama- 
tions and repeated cries of " Long 
live the the liberator of Castile and 
Estremadura !" and was conducted, 
flowers being strewed all the way, to 
his apartments. The streets were 
completely ornamented, and from the 
windows were thrown upon the hero 
all sorts of flowers. His excellency, 
for the purpose of pleasing the peo- 
ple, remained at the window an hour 
and a half. A lady presented him 
with a nosegay, beautifully embroi- 
dered and surrounded by a border, on 
which were these words: — 

" To the ever victorious and im- 
mortal WeHington, Duke of Ciudad 
Rodrigo ; this is offered by a Spa- 
nish lady, grateful for the taking of 
the two bulwarks of Castile and Es- 
tremadura," 

loth. — Whitehali,.— His Roy- 



al Highness the Prince Regent haa 
been pleased, in the name and on the 
behalf of his majesty, to grant the 
dignity of a marquis of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire- 
land unto the Right Honourable Ar- 
thur, Earl of Wellington, Knight of 
the Most Honourable Military Order 
of the Bath, and the heirs male of his 
body lawfully begotten, by the name, 
stile, and title of Marquis Welling- 
ton, of Wellington, in the county of 
Somerset. 

19th. — Fire at Woolwich.— 
Monday a fire of considerable magni- 
tude broke out, about seven o'clock 
in the evening, in the pitch store- 
house, belonging to the rope-yard, at 
Woolwich, which burnt with great 
fury, and excited considerable alarm 
among the inhabitants. The alarm 
bells rang, and the drums beat to 
arms for all the men in the employ of 
government to assemble, when, with 
the timely assistance of the numerous 
fire engines belonging to the dock- 
yard and arsenal, it was completely 
got under about nine o'clock ; but 
the damage done is very considerable. 
It is generallysupposed, by those who 
are best acquainted with the place, to 
have been wilfully set on fire by some 
person employed there ; and it is 
much to be lame 'ted that more cau- 
tion is not used by government in se- 
lecting labourers on whom depen- 
dence can be placed. The greatest 
care has, for some considerable time, 
been taken about the admission of 
strangers. 

20ih. -This morning Thomas Bow- 
ler was executed at Newgate, agree- 
ably to his sentence, for shooting at, 
with an intent to kill, his neighbour, 
Mr Burrowes. Bowler has, since his 
condemnation, appeared perfectly in- 
different to his late, and when it was 
communicated to him on Thursday 



Aug. 20.] 



CHRONICLE. 



129 



se'ennight, he asked, if it was to take 
place the next day ? and on being an- 
swered that it was to be on the week 
followiag, he said, " Very well/' and 
took no further notice. He has con- 
stantly refused any consolatory aid 
from religion, offered him by Dr 
Ford ; and after entering the chapel 
on Saturday last, he turned hastily 
round, and invited Dr Ford to go 
home with him, and take a glass of 
good wine. He refused going to clia- 
pel on Sunday last, and from the sin- 
gularity of his conduct, it was not 
deemed advisable to press him, a« he 
appeared to be in a superannuated 
state. Mr Bowler was (iS years of 
age, and has left a property of 
30,0001 to his family, by a will made 
since he has been in Newgate. He 
ascended the scaffold with the great- 
est composure, and was launched into 
eternity apparently insensible to his 
awful fate. 

An interesting account of the bat- 
tle of Salamanca is given in the fol- 
lowing letter ; the full particulars will 
be found in the Gazette. 

** I shall endeavour to give you 
some account of a victory the most 
brilliant, and 1 trust most decisive, 
that has ever graced the British arms 
— a victory in which it will be impos- 
sible to decide whether to admire 
more the matchless skill of the gene- 
ral, or the dauntless bravery of his 
troops. 

«« On the 17th July the enemy 
crossed the Douro at Tordesillas, ha- 
ving made a feint at 'I'oro, and ad- 
vanced towards Salamanca by the 
road through Nave Del Rey ; Lord 
Wellington put himself in position 
across that road at Cadezal, where 
some skirmishing and cannonade took 
place during the 18th; at night he 
moved to his left, and tried to turn 
0ur right, but at daylight found the 

'Vot. V. PART II. 



allies opposite to him. He went on 
taking ground to his left with the 
same intention for three days, but al- 
ways found the lord in his place. On 
the 2 1 St he crossed the Tormes at A!- 
vase Tormes, and we at Santa Mar- 
tha. On the 22d we were in a very 
good position, our left on the Tor- 
mes, and covering Salamanca, the ene- 
my in our front, having opposite our 
right a large wood, which facilitated 
his forming columns of attack. 

♦* Marmont, in person, ipoved co- 
lumns backward and forward, to the 
right and left all n)orning to distract 
our attention, and fancied these co- 
lumns in the wood were not seen, but 
had they been in the bowels of the 
earth Lord Wellington would have 
found them out. About mid-day, he 
shewed a wish to attack the right of 
our line, conceiving he had out flank- 
ed us, and comm'-nced a heavy cao- 
nonade. To his entire dismay, how- 
ever. Lord WeUington had detached 
a division which outflniked bim. 
When this division had reached its 
destination, Lord Wellington, with 
the eye of an eagl<*, and the ra^'dity 
of lightning, chmged his defence in- 
to an attack, and each division of the 
British, formed in two lisies, advani<;d 
to the heights occupied by the ene- 
my. Then came the tug. Lord 
Wellington had shown us general- 
ship. It was now the turn of thiC 
troops. They did not fire, but with 
a slow, but^teady pace ascended the 
hills, broke through the euemy's cen- 
tre, and, in less than three hours, de- 
stroyed their army. The cannonade 
at first, and afterwards cannonade and 
musketry, was tremendous. Ail did 
their duty, but, as the fight now be- 
came general, I can only tell you 
what I myself saw. The third divi- 
sion, under General Pakenham, com- 
menced by turning the enemy's left ; 



im Edinburgh annual register, 1812. [Aug. 21. 



as soon as it appeared that they were 
sufficiently advanced, General Leith's 
division, the 5th, began their attack, 
descended from their position, part 
defiled through and round a village, 
formed on the other side, and ascend- 
ed the enemy's position, under the 
continued fire of about 20 pieces of 
cannon. The 4th division. General 
Cole's, was on the left of the 5th, and 
General Pack's brigade on its left. 
The Ist and 6th divisions in reserve 
of the left, till afterwards, when the 
6th division prolonged the line to the 
left, and stormed the right of the ene- 
my's second position. General Leith 
had his division in two lines, the roy- 
al Scots, 9th, 38th, 30th, 44-th, and 
1st battalion 4th, being the first ; the 
Portuguese brigade. General Spry's, 
and the 2d battalion 4th, being the 
second. 

*' These lines advanced without fi- 
ring a shot, until they drew the ene- 
my from his first position. It was 
beautiful, like a review — the general 
in front of the centre, with his hat 
off, as at a general salute. The ene- 
my kept their ground, and threw in 
their fire, which was only answered 
with a shout at the top of the hill. 
When within five yards of their co- 
lumns the general brought the division 
to the charge, and successively walk- 
ed over their different columns, ta- 
king guns, eagles, and colours. At 
this point of the day General Leith 
was severely wounded, but now sup- 
posed not dangerously, and is doing 
well. His aides-de-camp Leith, Hay, 
and Chivex, wounded, but not dan- 
gerously. The action closed with the 
day, when the enemy were complete- 
ly defeated at all points — I may al- 
most say annihilated. Next morning 
we found them in flight towards Ma- 
drid, leaving guns, arms, drums, and 
^U sorts of warlike stores scattered 



about. Lord Wellington is follow- 
ing them, making quantities of pri- 
soners. General Le Marchant fell 
gloriously, leading his brigade of ca- 
valry to a charge against their caval- 
ry, who endeavoured, boldly enough, 
to turn the fate of the day — it was 
vain ; Wellington had ordered they 
were to be destroyed ; we had only 
to obey. It is said they have lost five 
generals, but as yet it has been im- 
possible to ascertain what their other 
loss has been ; ours, it is hoped, will 
not be considerable. Our wounded 
generals and troops in general are do- 
ing well, notwithstanding the exces- 
sive heat of the weather. The Por- 
tuguese troops behaved admirably j in 
short, every man did his duty. In- 
deed, of the conduct of the troops I 
can only say, every one rivalled his 
neighbour in carrying into execution 
the orders of his lordship. The re- 
gularity of a parade was preserved 
throughout ; the cannonade only 
made them more steady ; had the 
hills been made of red-hot iron, they 
would have been carried. I think, 
without vanity, we may hope the 22(1 
of July will be a day to remember in 
the British history, when a proof was 
given to the world what a British ge- 
neral and army could do." 

21st. — Edinburgh. — .Owing to 
an extraordinary rise in the price of 
oatmeal, a crowd of people assembled 
in the Cowgate and Grassmarket, on 
Tuesday morning, for the purpose of 
intercepting the supplies on their road 
to the market. Several carts were 
accordingly'seized, and their contents 
distributed among the populace ; af- 
ter which the mob proceeded to the 
Dalkeith road, where they seized se- 
veral more carts, and retailed the meal 
at two shillings per peck, which they 
gave to the drivers. The shops also 
of the victual-dealers and bakers iii 



Aug. 21.] 



CHRONICLE. 



131 



Nicholson-street and places adjoining 
were threatened by the populace, and 
were in consequence prudently shut 
up. In the evening the houses of se- 
veral meal-sellers in different parts of 
the town were attacked and the win- 
dows broken ; and in Leith there were 
also considerable tumults. — The ma- 
gistrates, with a party of constables, 
repaired on the first alarm to the spot, 
and made every exertion to quell the 
tumult. As a necessary precaution, a 
party of soldiers was ordered from the 
castle, and in the forenoon the follow- 
ing judicious proclamation was issued : 
By order of the Right Honourable the 

Lord Provost and Magistrates of 

Edinburgh. 

" The inhabitants are enjoined to 
avoid all riotous proceedings in the 
present circumstances, as any tumults 
that may be excited can have no other 
effect than to deter persons who have 
provisions from bringing them into 
town, and thus to increase the scar- 
city. 

" The Lord Provost and Magis- 
trates assure the inhabitants, that they 
will use all the means in their power 
to relieve them from their present dis- 
tresses. At the same time, as the ma- 
gistrates have every reason to know, 
that a scarcity of grain exists through- 
out the country, they give the inha- 
bitants this public notice, of their de- 
termination to make use of the powers 
vested in them, to repress any tumul- 
tuous proceeding, and preserve the 
peace of the city." 

" Council Chamber, Edinburgh, 
18th August, 1812.' 

Yesterday every thing was quiet, 
and no doubt the means already 
adopted will so far palliate the exist- 
ing evil as to prevent any recurrence 
of tumult or disorder, which, it must 
be obvious to every person of reflec- 
tion, can have no other effect than to 



drive away the supplies, and thus ag- 
gravate the existing mischief; for it 
is certain, that no one who has meal 
to sell will send it to market to be 
plundered. 

Chester.— Wednesday his majes- 
ty's justices of assize, R. Dallas and 
F. Brunton, Esqrs. arrived at the 
castle, and immediately opened their 
commission. 

Yesterday they attended the cathe- 
dral, where a suitable discourse was 
delivered by the Rev. Mr Yates, af- 
ter which the judges returned to the 
castle, when Chief Justice Dallas gave 
an excellent charge to the grand ju- 
ry J and this day the judges proceed- 
ed to the trial of John Lomas and 
Edith Morrey, both of whom were ac- 
cused of the murder of her husband. 
After the trial had occupied the court 
nearly seven hours the prisoners were 
both convicted, and ordered for exe- 
cution on Monday the 24th inst. Oa 
receiving his sentence, Lomas stretch- 
ed out his hand and exclaimed — " I 
deserve it all — I don't wish to live — 
but I hope for mercy." He maintain- 
ed the greatest composure through- 
out the trial. Mrs Morrey, the miser- 
able widow, pleaded pregnancy ; a 
jury of matrons was instantly impan- 
nelled, and they returned a true bill. 
Her execution, therefore, will be 
procrastinated till the commence- 
ment of the ensuing year. She main- 
tained the same intrepidity on her 
trial which she all along manifested, 
and, with the exception of the un- 
usual heat, did not seem at all in- 
commoded. 

It is computed that there were not 
less than 4000 persons in and about 
the court during the awful investiga- 
tion. 

Lomas was executed on Monday 
the 24th. 

Booth, convicted of forging bank- 



J32 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Ave. 22. 



notes, was executed at Stafford on 
Saturday last. A most distressing 
.occurrence took place at the time of 
liis execution ; the rope slipping te 
fell to the ground, and many people 
thought that he was dead ; biU the 
ijunfortunate man got up, and fell on 
liig knees, praying to the Almighty 
fcr mercy for his misdeeds : the as- 
sistants then prepared the scaffold 
again, but, owing to a mistake, the 
drop remained fast whe^ Booth gave 
the signal for it to fail ; and it was 
jiot u,ntil much force had bsen appli- 
ed that the drop fell, when the un- 
bappy criminal at length suffered the 
sentence of the law. 

The life of John Barnsley, who re- 
ceived sentence of transportation at 
the last Warwick sessions, presents 
j^n instance of perseverance in crimes 
Seldom to be paralleled.— He was in- 
dicted and acquitted at the Lent as- 
siz -s, 1801 ; he was convicted at the 
Midsummer sessions, 1801, and sen- 
tenced to twelve months imprison- 
ment in a solitary cell ; after being at 
large little more than a year, he was, 
at the sessions 1S03, sentenced to se- 
ven years transportation j scarcely 
jjettled after his return, he was con- 
victed at the summer assizes, 1811, 
and received sentence of six months 
jimprisoiiment ; indicted at the Lent 
assizes, 1812, he was acquitted ; but, 
continuing his criminal career, he has 
just been sentenced again to seven 
years transportation ! 

A wv-man who lives in a respecta- 
^tle house in Cork, lately took some 
imaccountable dislike to one of her 
four chddren, a fine little boy not 
four years of age — and determined oa 
starving him ! This she has been in 
the habit of doing for some months, 
Jjy giving him nothing but cold po- 
fatoet [not enough of them,]) and 
Wifj^Ty keeping the iofant ^Inips^ con- 



tinually lied to a bed-post, a^nd fre- 
quently confined under a table on the 
kitchen ground floor. Last winter, 
some of the child's toes mortified 
irona the cold, and dropped off. — 
He is intelligent and sensible — no 
sickness or bodily pain— not one 
«uace of flesh on its whole body — 
pale-r- ^yes sunk deep in the head — 
the hair apparently pulled .out by the 
root in many places — The child ha* 
been weighed, and scarcely turned the 
beam at (eight poai^.d3. The aban- 
doned mother is in custody, and will 
be tried at the ensuing Cork assizes. 

22d,.— Sheffield. — On Tuesday 
last, a great number of pereons as- 
sembled in this town, and proceeded 
in a tumultuous manner to the meal 
and flour dealers, and demanded their 
flour at 8s per stone. A person from 
amongst the mob presented a pape;-, 
purporting to be a written agreement 
to sell at the reduced price, which he 
insisted upon being signed, using 
threats on the least hesitation. The 
riot act wiis read in different parts of 
the town, the military were put in 
motion, and a number of the infatua- 
ted people taken into custody. 

A large concourse of people has 
assembled in the Adelphi, for several 
days, drawn together by the follow- 
ing unusual circumstances : —A house, 
situated at the corner of Bucking- 
ham-street, is occupied by some per- 
sons, whom the owners have endea- 
voured to eject, but hitherto without 
success, notwithstanding every pro- 
cess of law has been resorted to, and 
every stratagem devised for that pur- 
pose. The house makes a singular 
appearance, all the windows, except- 
ing one on the first floor, bemg shut, 
and every article of furniture remo- 
ved ; while there are several officers 
stationed in various parts of it, to take 
^y^^ptage of any move^st the pre- 



A0O. 27.1 



CHRONICLE. 



fSS 



sent occupiers mvLj inadvwtefttljr 
make. At the window, not fastened 
up, are seen two respectably dressed 
females, who, it is reported, Imve 
maintained themselves in this unplea- 
sant situation against their adversa- 
ries for more than a fortnight, expo- 
sed to the greatest privations, with 
half the window-frameremoved. Front 
the strictness with which their nK>- 
tions are watched, it is almost im- 
practicable for either to procure food 
for their support ; but this great 
difficulty has hitherto been surmount- 
ed by the humanity of several indivi- 
duals, who convey food to the pri- 
soners in baskets, which are hastily 
drawn up by means of strings thrown 
in at the window, and when emptied, 
are let down again. Drink in bottles 
has also been conveyed in a fimilar 
manner, as also wearing apparel For 
what period this affair is to continue 
it is impossible to conjecture, as the 
femali's appear not at all distressed 
by their confinement, and are as well 
supplied with provisions as the na- 
ture of their situation will admit. 

A most remarkable circumstance 
took place at Folkestone, on the 19th 
instant. After the tide had ebbed in 
the usual way for three hours, and 
left the Hope sloop a-ground in the 
harbour (the crew of which were 

f)reparing to unload her), it sudden- 
y rose three feet perpendicular, and 
as suddenly ebbed, which was repeat- 
ed three times in less than a quarter 
of an hour. This phenomenon ha- 
ving occurred several times at Ports- 
mouth and Plymouth about the time 
of the earthquake at Lisbon, has gi- 
ven rise to many speculative opinions, 
and indeed it is generally thought to 
have opened in consequence of some 
great convulsion of nature. 

26th. — The prince regent, after 
the late review of hi» own regiment, 
iiad the officers called to him by 



sound of truihpetj wheii he expressitd' 
to them his thanks for the very highf 
state of discipline the regiment was 
in, and informed them it was the last 
time he should ever appear at theii* 
head. 

27th.-^A most shocking and deefc^ 
ly regretted catastrophe occurred at 
Brighton on Monday, in the com- 
mission of an act of suicide, by Mrs' 
Loui«a Maria Groldingham, a nieoe 
of Major-General Popham, at het*' 
residence in I>or8et Gardens. The? 
deceased, who has left six blooming 
children to deplore the rash and fatal- 
act of their unfortunate mother, had' 
been in a drooping way for aomtf 
time, but, excepting in a solitary- 
instance, when she complained, in ra- 
ther a strange manner, of her being 
unable to distinguish the letters in a 
book she held in her hand, no suspi- 
cions were entertained of her being 
in any way mentally deranged. About 
half past twelve o'clock, in the after- 
noon, she had left her parlour, and 
retired to her chamber, the door of 
which soon after being found locked, 
and no answers given to the questions 
put to her, her brother, Captain 
Popham, broke it open. On enter> 
ing the room, he discovered his sis.« 
ter, in an horizontal position, on hep 
face, and weltering in her blood. 
Though horror-struck at the specta- 
cle, he yet endeavoured to raise hef 
up ; and, painful to relate, found that 
she had deeply lacerated her throat 
both on the right and left side with 
a razor, and, severing the jugular ar- 
tery, had bled in the most profuse 
manner. She was not quite dead 
when discovered, but her last sight; 
escaped her almost immediately after, ' 
The coroner's inquest was taken on' 
view of the body on Tuesday morn- 
ing, when Captain Popham's testi- 
mony was to the above effect, and a 
verdict of luriacy returtied. Mr Gold- 



,134. EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Aug. 30. 



ingham, the husband of the deceased, 
is abroad. 

. The following form of prayer and 
thanksgiving to Almighty God for 
the repeated successes obtained over 
the French army in Portugal and 
Spain, by the allied forces under the 
command of Marquis Wellington, 
and especially for the victory obtain- 
ed on the 22d ult. in the neighbour- 
hood of Salamanca, was on Sunday 
read in all churches and chapels, 
throughout London and Westmin- 
ster, and within the bills of mortali- 
ty. The same to be read in all 
other churches and chapels through 
England and Wales on the Sunday 
following : — 

" Gracious God, accept, we implore 
thee, the praises and thanksgivings of a 
grateful nation, for the successes thou 
hast repeatedly vouchsafed to the allied 
army, in Portugal and Spain. Thine, O 
God, is the greatness, and the power, and 
the victory, and the majesty; without 
thee, there is neither success in the wis- 
dom, nor strength in the courage of man. 
The skill of the captain, and the obedience 
of the soldier, are thine. Direct our 
hearts, God ! so as to exult in victory, 
that we forget not whence it cometh ; so 
to use it, that we provoke not thy heavy 
displeasure against us. Continue, we 
pray thee, thy favour and protection to 
cfur captains, and soldiers, and allies. 
Unite their counsels, and prosper their 
enterprises for the general good. And 
in thy great mercy, O God ! open the 
eyes of our blinded and infatuated ene- 
mies, that they may see and understand 
the wickedness they are working. Touch 
them with the spirit of remorse, awaken 
their justice, and correct their inordinate 
smbition, so that at thy appointed time, 
and under tliy good Providence, the mise- 
ries of war may cease, and destructions be 
brought to a perpetual end. These prayers 
and thanksgivings we humbly submit to 
thy divine Majesty, in the name and 
through the mediation of our Lord and 
vSaviour Jesus Christ." 

. 50th.— South Queensferry. — 



A melancholy accident occurred here 
this forenoon. Part of the Renfrew- 
shire militia arrived here this morn- 
ing, on their way for the military de- 
pot at Perth. One of the private* 
(named Gemmel) in a state of intoxi- 
cation, unfortunately attempted to 
swim from a ridge of rocks betwixt 
the Newhall-inn and the harbour. 
He was viewed, in awful suspense, 
by a numerous concourse of people, 
who had been attracted to the spot 
on learning the dangerous situation 
of the person. The feehngs of the 
spectators may be easily conceived, 
when, on his reaching about half way 
to the harbour, he was seen suddenly 
todisappear. — Two boats immediate- 
ly put off to his assistance, and a great 
number of the privates of the regi- 
ment swam towards the spot, and 
continued for a considerable time ma- 
king every effort to save their com- 
rade. Their exertions proved, how- 
ever, fruitless, and it was not until an 
hour afterwards, that the body wa« 
found a lifeless corpse. 

Spanish Celebration — On Sa- 
turday the principal Spanish gentle- 
men in London, who had lately -taken 
the oath to the constitutions, assem- 
bled to celebrate the day. They pro- 
ceeded in the morning to the Spanish 
ambassador's chapel, where high mast 
was performed. The body of the 
chapel was set apart for the subscri- 
bers to the festivity, the floor and 
cushions covered with crimson cloth. 
The portrait of Ferdinand VII. was 
hung under a crimson canopy with- 
inside the rails of the altar. A little 
after eleven, the ambassador, the 
Conde Fernan Nunez, entered in a 
richly embroidered Spanish court- 
dress, with the ribbon of the order of 
the Golden Fleece over it, attended 
by the suite of the embassy in mihta- 
ry uniforms. Senor Tutor, presi- 
dent of the celebration, followed at 



Aug. 30.] 



CHRONICLE. 



133 



the head of the subscribers, all in full 
dress, and the mass began. The 
chaunting was sustained by a very- 
able choir, directed by Lanza. Senor 
Vaccari led the band with his usual 
excellence. Towards the close, the 
Te Deum by De Lesma, a very stri- 
king specimen of the composer's ta- 
lents, was sung by Miss Hughes, and 
the senors De Lesma and Rasquellas. 
A grand patriotic march, chaunted 
by all the voices, closed the ceremo- 
ny. This exquisite treat to the lo- 
vers of music, occupied in the entire 
nearly two hours ; and too much 
praise cannot be given to the whole 
arrangement. Miss Hughes is already 
known as a very interesting singer. 
De Lesma's voice is $rm, tasteful, 
and singularly articulate. That of 
Rasquellas we think without a supe- 
rior for tenderness, taste, and ele- 
gance ; its flexibility puts all the evo- 
lutions of the scale completely with- 
in its power, and its captivating taste 
leads it naturally to the choice of the 
finest and most finished graces. His 
march 

*' Vive, vive, siempra Iberia, &c." 
was a vigorous and animated compo- 
sition, brilliant, characteristic, and 
abounding with the richest spirit of 
harmony. The galleries were filled 
with Spanish and English ladies ; 
among whom were the Duchesses of 
Yjer and Infantado. 

About seven, the subscribers dined 
at the City of London Tavern. The 
dinner was sumptuous, with a profu- 
sion of Madeira, Hock, and Cham- 
pagne. The tables were laid round 
three sides of the room ; large pla- 
teaux placed along the centre, co- 
vered with emblematic ornaments, 
flags, and trophies ; the standard of 
SpaiD) the anus of England in arcades 



and wreaths. The mirrors, the blaze 
from the chandeliers, and the striking 
equipment of the room and of the 
assembly, produced a splendid and 
interesting coup-d'oeuil. A miUtary 
band in the orchestra played Spanish 
marches and boleros during the even- 
ing. The ambassador, with Senor 
Tutor, the Marquis Apuntado, Ge- 
neral Mazzaredo, the consul gene- 
ral, and several Spanish gentlemen, 
took their seats at the centre table. 
At the request of the ambassador, 
the president gave up the announce- 
ment of the toasts to him ; and he 
acquitted himself with all the digni- 
ty and courtesy of a Spanish noble- 
man. The first toast after dinner 
was " Ferdinand the Vllth," drank 
standing, and with three times three. 
The grand march by Rasquellas was 
then played by the orchestra, and 
chaunted by the company. The 
shouts of Vive ! vive ! siempra Ibe- 
ria," were loud and enthusiastic, 
and the march was encored with great 
applause. Then followed, ** the Con- 
stitution of Spain," with three times 
three. «* The health of George III. 
the friend of Spain," was next drank 
with universal acclamations ; and God 
save the King admirably sung by 
Rasquellas and De Lesma, the whole 
company standing and joining in cho- 
rus. The toasts then succeeded ra- 
pidly, and the ambassador gave, 
" the Cortes, — the Spanish Regency 
and its president — the Prince Regent 
of England," with a brief panegyric 
on his popular virtues, and his ho- 
nourable attachment to the cause of 
the peninsula, " the Emperor of Rus- 
sia, the Prince Regent of Portugal, 
the King of Naples, the Allies of 
Spain ; the liberties of Spain, as the 
beginning of the liberties of the con- 
tineot i the Marquis of Wellington ; 
10 



136 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Aug. 30^ 



the reconciliation of the Americans 
with Spain ; the Guerillas." 

After the ambassador's retiring, 
Senor Tutor took the chair, ar\(l gave 
the health of « The Conde Fenian 
Nunez, — the ladies of Spain, Eng- 
land, and Portugal, — the Enghsh and 
Portuguese guests, — the Conqueror 
of Baylen, — the Patriotic Composers 
of the Music, which had so highly- 
gratified them during the day, — the 
Stewa-'ds, 8cc. &c.*' 

Fashions for Ladies. — Riding 
CostuTne,-M.ade of ladies habit cloth, 
of blue, trimmed down each side of 
the front with Spanish buttons, the 
waist rather long, with three small 
buttons on the hips ; a short jack- 
et full behind, the front habit fa- 
ahion, with small buttons up to the 
neck, and a row of small buttons 
on each side of the breast ; a lap. 
pel thrown back from the shoulder, 
and trimmed with Spanish buttons, 
has a most elegant effect, and gives 
a graceful finish to the dress. The 
collar is made about half a quarter 
in depth, and fastened negligently ' 
at the throat with a large cord and 
tassel ; it opens sufficiently to display 
the shirt, which is of lace in general, 
but this article admits of considerable 
variation A small woodland hat, 
whose colour corresponds with the 
dress, with two white ostrich feathers 
fastened behind, and falhng carelessly 
over the left side. A cord and tassel 
is brought round the hat, and fasten- 
ed near the top of the crown on the 
right side. Buff gloves and half boots 
either of buff jean or leather. Para- 
sol to corsespond with the dress. 

Evening Costume. Petticoat of 

white crape, with a demi train, the 
bottom trimmed with pink sarshet 
Vandykes, about half a quarter in 
depth. A white crape drapery falls 



about three parts over the petticoaf, 
and fastens at the side ; it is rounded 
in front, and square behind, fastened 
down the side with three rows of 
grass-green ribband, trimmed round 
with an embroidery of grass- green 
and pink. A pink sarsnet Spanish 
body, the bosom quite square, and 
rather low in the front ; the back is 
also square and very much cut down. 
The sleeve slashed in three divi^ion^ 
at the top, and finished round the 
bottom with a narrow green ribband. 
Spanish hat of pink sarsnet, with 
three large ostrich feathers, which 
fall over the left side. The hair 
dressed in full curls over the face. 
Ear-rings, necklace, and bracelets of 
pearl ; the necklace is composed of 
three rows of pearl, to which is affix- 
ed a diamond cmss, or small pearl 
locket. White kid gloves, and shoes, 
with bead rosettes ; fans the same as 
last month. 

General Observations. — Coloured 
sarsnets, trimmed with lace, are very 
much worn, both for full dress and 
dinner parties ; for the former the 
front made of lace, is universal. 

Pale pink, grass-green, lilac, blue, 
and buff, are the colours most pre- 
valent ; the two latter are highest in 
estimation. Lace never w^as more , 
worn than it is at present ; our fair 
fashionables still wear black and white 
lace dresses, but tiot so much as they 
did a few months back ; lace sleeves 
and lace trimmings are, however, uni- 
versal ; short sleeves made very full are 
the most prevalent, but there has been 
a few long lace sleeves, which are also 
very full, and twisted round the arms 
to the wrist, fastened with pearl brace- 
lets 

For dinner dresses, sprigged mivs- 
lins over coloured sarsnet slips, are 
much worn, and have a very elegant 



Aug. 30.] 



CHRONICLE. 



IS? 



effect. The dresses are mostly made 
high on the shoulder, and brought 
in a peak at the centre of the bosom ; 
the backs are square, and lower than 
usual, and the short sleeye 1 as gained 
something in length since last month, 
as has also the waist. 

For morning dresses the most re- 
cent invention is the Grecian peasant's 
jacket, with a petticoat to correspond; 
the form of this dress is extremely- 
simple, but by no means becoming. 

The Polish twill is also much worn 
for morning dresses ; it is a sort of 
chambray, and can hardly be distin- 
guished from sarsnet, exdept by the 
richness of texture. 

For full dress, coloured crapes, 
embroidered round the bottom in 
large wreaths of flowers, hare a very 
elegant appearance. 

White crape dancing dresses, rich- 
ly Embroidered in silver, are also much 
worn ; but the robe a-la-sylphe is, it 
is thought, the most tasteful and ele- 
gant of that kind ever seen. 

Pearl ornaments for the hair jire 
very general, and their form does not 
differ from those of the last month ; 
flowers, however, seem to dispute the 
palm of fashion with them ; moss ro- 
ses and corn flov^rers are very much 
worn. The hair is dressed in full 
curls on the forehead, and divided in 
front either by a flower or an orna- 
ment ; it is strained back, and twist- 
ed up behind in the Grecian style, 
the ends falling in thick curU in the 
back of the neck. 

Spanish hats of white satin, orna- 
mented with ostrich feathers, are 
worn by some elegantes in full dress ; 
for dinner parties also they are very 
prevalent in coloured sarsnet. 

The introduction of a novel, and 
really elegant article into evening dress 
is half*boot9 of white silk, leather, or 



sarsnet* the colotir of the drest. They 
have for some time past also been uoi«j 
versally worn in the morning. 

Black and white lace veils are stiff 
as much worn as ever, and our eU" 
gardes throw them over the figure 
in a variety of forms. 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 
England. — The weather for €hft 
last fortnight, having proved favour* 
able for the wheat harvest, the chief 
part of that corn within the eastettl 
and home counties has been safely 
housed or stacked. The corn in thtf 
midland and northern districts ii 
found 80 much backwarder, that bat 
little was even cut before the be- 
ginning of the last week Where the 
wheat stood up afairreap, the sheavtfi 
prove heavy, and the grain of good 
quality ; but where they have been 
laid, on rich soils^ so that the weeds 
have grown luxuriantly through them» 
which is too mudh the case witfil 
the husbandry in most of the mid- 
land counties, the ear is found light, 
and the sample must, of course, b* 
inferior. The barley and oat crdpS 
improved so considerably within thfe 
course of the moiith, as to promise 
noiy a full average crop. Pease are 
also great crops in most districts, and 
so are beans, but the latter are fotlnd 
fit to cut but in a very few places. 
The produce of potatoes is every 
where abundant. The hop planta.. 
tions of Sussex and Farnham havft 
rallied so much as to promise full 
half a crop ; but in Kent they conti- 
nue generally unpromising. The se- 
cond crops of clover and grass ar<* 
heavy, and, if a favourable time con- 
tinues for making them, a reduction 
of the market prices for hay will be 
the natural coi^equence. Smith field 



138 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Aug. 30. 



has been well supplied through the 
month, and on terms favourable to 
the butchers. Lean beasts, particu- 
larly well-bred Scots, continue dear : 
but sheep are found much lower at 
most fairs. The wool markets, both 
for long and short fleeces, are bet- 
ter. 

Scotland.— We have had no in- 
jurious winds in this month, and the 
rains, though frequent, have been 
moderate ; so that the weather may 
be described as having been, upon 
the whole, mild and favourable. In 
this case the crops have slowly ad- 
vanced towards maturity, and, al- 
though the work is not as yet begun, 
there are sundry fields of barley and 
wheat, and even some early oats, so 
fully ripened, as to be ready for shear- 
ing ; indeed some spots might have, 
without any loss, been cut ere now ; 
but it would seem the owners wish to 
have the grain very completely ma- 
tured. The harvest will not, how- 
ever, be general for two or three 
weeks. 

Although the pasture grass conti- 
nues abundant, and there be a plenti- 
ful prospect of fodder, cattle of all 
sorts caa be purchased at a reduced 
price, fat as well as lean ; the beef, 
however, continues at 9d. per lb. but 
is expected to be cheaper soon. Po- 
tatoes are still Is. the peck, of 28 
pounds. Meal, for which there is 
little demand, 3s. 2d. per peck. — 
Quartern loaf Is. 8d. The farmers 
are employed in pulling their lint, and 
taking it to the water ; and those 
who have bog or meadow hay are 
busy in getting it winnowed, for 
which the weather is very favoura- 
ble. 

Second Report. 

The weather has during this month 
been more favourable to the matura- 
tion of the crop than it was during 



any of the months of last summer, 
and much more so than the month of 
August generally turns out. The 
three first days, and several days about 
the third week of this month, were 
rainy ; but the rest have been mostly 
dry, and generally warm for this ad- 
vanced season of the year. Indeed, 
by far the best weather during the 
whole season was from the 3d to the 
18th of August, and the crop made 
great progress during that period. 
The operations of the hay harvest, 
which had been interrupted, were re- 
sumed, and the fairest chance afford- 
ed of completing them. The grain 
crops, which had made but little pro- 
gress for two or three weeks before, 
began to advance with uncommon ra-. 
pidity ; and the potatoes, which had 
also remained for some time nearly 
stationary below ground, and were 
getting too much into stems and fo- 
liage above, have, by these two weeks 
of dry weather, been brought also to 
maturity. 

Wheat, which has had a ver y promi - 
sing appearance for several months 
past, has now nearly reached the sic- 
kle, and is in general the best crop 
that has been seen for several years. 
Veiy little has yet been begun to be 
reaped. 

Barley, of which indeed but little 
is now generally sown, perhaps was 
never a more abundant crop, and 
much of it will be ready for the reap- 
ers by the second week of Septem- 
ber. 

Pease and beans are generally a 
heavy crop, and as the weather, du- 
ring August, has been drier than 
usual, and as they have not been in- 
jured by winds, storms, or any dis- 
ease, they bid fair to yield a valuable 
return. 

Oats have still the most promising 
appearance. They are no doubt two 



Sbpt 1.] 



CHRONICLE. 



13& 



weeks later than last year, but they 
are every where a much more luxu> 
riant crop than that of 1811. They 
are probably one of the most weigh- 
ty crops ever seen, and as they have 
not been as yet in the least injured by 
storms, or any continuance of heavy 
rains, and as the severities of the win- 
ter continued till the second week of 
May, and more than an ordinary por- 
tion of frost has been met with 
through the months of June and Ju- 
ly, and as the slightest tendency to 
frost has not been felt in August, we 
may reasonably expect that the en- 
suing winter will yet be at a great 
distance. We had real winter wea- 
ther through the spring months ; du- 
ring the summer months it had a re- 
semblance to that of the spring, be- 
ing moist, generally warm, but often 
disposed to frost ; and as the best 
summer weather during the season 
has been in August, we fondly hope 
a few weeks continuance of such wea- , 
ther will crown the harvest with the 
greatest abundance. 

The potatoe crop is truly conso- 
ling. Never were there nearly so 
many planted, and never had that spe- 
cies of crop so promising an appear- 
ance as at present. They have not 
yet reached maturity, but are so far 
advanced as already to afford a great 
relief to the poor and labouring clas- 
ses, and, if the weather were to prove 
as favourable for the next four weeks 
as it has been during August, the 
potatoe crop would be by far the 
most valuable that ever was dug from 
the earth, more than three times that 
of last year, and probably more than 
that of any preceding year whatever. 

Hay has turned out above a me- 
dium crop, and, as it was never got 
easier and better dried, it will be 
much more valuable in quality than it 
generally is. The price continues to 



fall, and, if the harvest proves favour- 
able, it must fall still more. 

As the weather continues fresh, 
mild, and moderately dry and warm, 
the pasture still yields a full bite. 
The dairy stock continues to fare 
well, and yield greater returns than 
usual at this advanced season. The 
cattle fattening on pasture still fare 
well, and promise to pay the grazier 
better than could have been expect- 
ed, considering the state of them and 
the grass in May. The prices of 
butcher meat, and dairy produce, 
have fallen during this month, owing 
partly to the greater return than was 
probably two months ago, and partly 
to the depreciation of the earnings of 
mechanics, and high price of oatmeal, 
which they cannot subsist without. 

As the weather was never better 
during the first week of grouse shoot- 
ing, and as the birds were plenty, the 
sportsmen never had a better field, 
and vast numbers of grouse have fall- 
en. 



SEPTEMBER. 



1st. Government has received 

advices that a definitive treaty of al- 
liance has been concluded between 
this country and the King of Persia, 
by Sir Gore Ousely, on terms highly 
favourable to British interests. It 
has always been a primary object, in 
such transactions, to include the heir 
apparent, Mirza Abbas, in the stipu- 
lations of any treaty between Persia 
and Great Britain. This object has 
uniformly been recommended by Sir 
H. Jones, by General Malcolm, and 
by every person who possessed any 
correct knowledge of the condition of 
Persia. The French made an attempt 
to bring about the cgnclusioa of a si- 



140 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [SfiriwftE 



Ttiiht treaty ; btft tfeey failed m the 
attempt, notwithstandHig all their 
bdJlsted diplomatic dexterity. This 
m\jst add to the satisfaction which is 
felt at the success of Sir Gore Ouse- 
ly, which is principally ascribed to 
his persdnal influence with the King 
of Persia, an influence supposed to be 
derived from his intimate knowledge 
of the language, and the customs of 
the country, and by the marked pro- 
priety and engaging moderation of 
his conduct since the arrival of the 
embassy in Persia. The treaty is con- 
sidered here to be of a nature to uiiite 
the two countries in a lasting and ad- 
vantageous cortnection ; and if an al- 
liance with Persia be of that value to 
this cou«tf<y, which it has so often 
been represented to be, the happy 
c6nelusi6rt of this definitive treaty is 
an event of great importance, and 
otte that promises to be attended witlt 
very beneficial results. 

Voluntary Confession o^p^ J. 
LoMAS, taken before Faithful Tho- 
mas, one of his majesty's coroners for 
the county of Chester. 

[The following confession of Lo- 
mas of the murder of his master, and 
the conversation which took place 
with his paramour and mistress the 
evening preceding his execution, are 
interesting, 33 exhibiting a painful 
proof of the ascendancy invariably 
obtained, in an illicit connection of 
the sexes, by a vicious and designing 
womart over a youthful and uninform- 
ed mind. It will be in the recollec- 
tion of our readers that the woman 
escaped for the present on the plea of 
pregnancy : She hae since been cxe* 
cuted,] 

Stateth-.^Thaf his miatrew, Edith 
Mtfrrey, set him on to murder his 
master, and he was to have all he had. 
She told him to go to William 
Shaw's, a public-hwusc in H^nkelow, 



OB Saturday afternoon, the Iltk o^ 
April, to get some drink, and she 
would get things ready to kill him- 
His master was gone to Audlem, and; 
she told him (John Lomas), that he 
must not go to bed. He came home- 
about twelve o'clock, and as soon as 
his master was gone to bed and asleep^ 
his mistress came up to his room. He; 
was asleep. She awoke him, and toldl 
him his master was fast asleep, and he. 
must come and kill him. He refu- 
sed ; she went down stairs, and after* 
wards came up again, and went down* 
again, and he (John Lomas) followed 
her. She had got the axe ready, and 
gave it him into his hand. He said 
it would be found out, and they 
should be sure to be hanged. She 
said she would see him safe, and swear 
he was fast asleep in bed, and would' 
send the servant girl to call him up. 
He (John Lomas) said, his master 
would awake before he reached the 
bed, and she said she would go in firsts 
and put up her hand, if he was fast- 
asleep, for him to come in and kill 
him. She put her hand up two or 
three times, and then said he must 
come in. He (Lomas) then went in, 
and his mistress (Edith Morrey) held 
the candle while he struck his master ' 
three times with the axe on his head. 
He struck him the first time over his 
temple. After he had struck him 
three times, he heard the servant 
wench, who slept in the next room, 
get upon the floor, and he said the 
servant woman was coming, on which 
his mistress wetted her finger and 
thumb, and put the candle oiit. He 
(John Loma!<) ran away towards the 
door, and his master was shouting, 
"Oh! Lord!" His mistress turned 
him back again, and said he must go 
again, as he had not killed him ; she 
said he must kill him. Then he went 
again, and »fct-uck at him in the dark. 



Sept. 1.] 



CHRONICLE. 



141 



three or four times with the axe j he 
thinks he only hit him once with the 
head of it, and then he ran out of the 
parlour. His nrustress met him in the 
house-place, and opening a sheath, 
took out a razor, which she put into 
his hand, saying, he must go and kill 
him out — he must cut his throat. He 
;refused, but she gave him a bit of a 
push, and said he must go. She then 
went first, and he followed her with 
the razor in his hand. She flung the 
outdoorof the house open, and then 
vent into the room where the ser- 
vant girl slept, and shut the door af- 
ter her, and he (John Lomas) went 
into the parlour. His master was 
coming off the bed backwards, and he 
touched him, on which hi« master 
fose up, and catched at him by the 
br£ast, and by his right hand that he 
had the razor in. He ( Lomas) 
sprung out x)f his arms, and then laid 
hold of him by the head, as he was 
upon his knees, and cut his throat 
twice. He loosed him and ran, and 
his master fell to the floor, and he 
went up stairs and got into bed. Af- 
ter a while, the servant girl ( Hannah 
£vans) came up to him to shout him 
up She came aod shook him, and 
he desired her to go down stairs again, 
and to leave the candle. He had the 
bloody shirt on, and did not put his 
arm out of bed ; he was afraid of her 
seeing it. He then got up, and put 
his coat on over his bloody shirt. He 
dried his bloody hands upon his 
waistcoat. He also put his smock- 
frock on, and went down stairs. 
When he came down stairs the ser- 
vant girl said, somebody had murder- 
ed her master, and he was desired to 
go in and see if he was dead. He 
went to the parlour door, and just 
peeped in, and said, he thought he 
was. His mistress desired them to 
cftU j&^tty Sj^de up, »ad hf aad the 



servant wench went and shouted her 
up, and she came with John Moors, 
James S^ndilance, and Thomas Tim- 
mis. They went in to look at his 
ma&terj but he did not go in. Tho- 
mas Xiwioaiscame out again, and John 
Moors went in with the candle. He 
came out again, and they all went to 
call up Mr James Morrey, his mas- 
ter's brother, and he returned with 
them back again, bringing Thomas^ 
Hill and Joseph Penlington with 
him. Trey went into the parlour. 
He (John Lomas) and Thomas Tim- 
mis sat in the house. They came out 
again, and asked him (John Lomas) 
to hunt pome bags to lay him upon. 
He went up stairs to his own bed- 
chamber, and brought down the win- 
dow-sheet, land gave it them. Joha 
Moors and Thomas Hall went away 
to search lodging-houses, and they 
came back again with Mr Groom, 
Mr Dooley, and other persons. John 
Moors caipe into the house for a pair 
of scissars. He (John Lomas) gave 
him them, and he saw Mr Groom 
and Mr Dooley measuring the feet in 
the garden, and he thinks Mr Groom 
asked him for his shoe. He fetched 
it, and they measured it Mr Dooley 
and Thomas Hall came to him, and 
said, that they had some suspicion 
that he had been concerned in the 
business. He said he had not. They 
said he had, and asked him what 
made his smock bloody ? he said he 
had been bleeding some calves and 
the mare. They aiked him where 
his dirty shirt was ? He said that it 
was it he had on. Mr Walley said 
it did not look like a dirty shirt, but 
he stuck to it. They said he must 
St! jp. He pulled off his coat," and 
they turned his sleeves. There was 
some blood upon the sleeves and on 
a button on his breeches. Mr Groom 
^ame dowa th« stairs, and asked him 



142 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Sept. 1. 



whether his ho x was not locked ? He 
said it was, and he asked him to give 
him the key. He refused, and Mr 
Groom said he would break it open. 
He (John Lomaa) then went up stairs 
with others, and his mistress was con- 
veying the bloody things off out of 
the box She was getting them away. 
He says, when he first put them 
off, he left them on the floor, and 
r when he went up stairs again, he put 
them into the box, and locked it. He 
says, when he went from murdering 
his master it was dark, and he had 
cut his own right hand, and his hands 
were bloody with his master's blood. 
He put his hand in the dark on the 
table at the bottom of the stairs lead- 
ing to his room, which left a mark of 
three bloody fingers. He also put 
his hand upon the stairs, which left 
a mark of three fingers there. He 
washed the mark on the table with 
some water that stood upon it, and 
spit on the stairs, and rubbed it off 
with his feet and his hands. 

Thefoll&mng conversption took place 
between J. Lomas and Edith Mor- 
reyy on Sunday y the day before the 
execution of Lomas : — 

John Lomas having expressed a 
desire to Mr Hudson to see Edith 
Morrey, before he died, Mr Hudson 
allowed them in his presence an inter- 
view, about five o'clock in the after- 
noon. Lomas was called into Mr 
Hudson's office a few minutes before 
Mrs Morrey, and told that the 
wretched woman had confessed her 
guilt, to which Lomas replied, " It 
is better that she has confessed ;" 
and Mr Hudson observing that it 
was his wish, as he had spoken to Mr 
Fish, the chaplain, upon the proprie- 
ty of it, to let them receive the sa- 
crament together, it appeared to give 
a degree of satisfaction to Lomas, 



who said, ** I had rather she did re- 
ceive the sacrament with me." 

Mrs Morrey was then brought in- 
to the office, and seeing Lomas, she 
exclaimed, ** O ! dear !" sat down, 
and remained in silent affliction for 
some time with her face covered. Lo- 
mas, who was seated at some distance, 
endeavoured to comfort and sooth 
her, telling her to bear up, and to 
pray for mercy and forgiveness — 
their sins, he said, were very great, 
but God was good, and he hoped he 
would forgive them — he had repent- 
ed, and he trusted through grace to 
find mercy. He said, " I must go 
now, you will have to stay a little 
longer, all our time is short, and if we 
repent of our sins we hiay meet in 
heaven." He then asked his mistress 
whether she had ever said to any one 
that he (Lomas) had got up to mur- 
der his master, at twelve, one, and 
half past one, the night before the 
murder, which she denied, saying, 
" It is not true, they have made that 
amongst them." She complained of 
a woman, whom she alluded to, as 
concerned in the fabrication of such 
report, as one that was never sober. 
Lomas then prayed to God to for- 
give them, and to forgive him, for he 
had done a very wicked act, and he 
deserved to die for it. He could not 
wish to live. "If they had not 
found me guilty, they would not 
have done justice ; it is only doing 
me justice to hang me. There is a 
God above, and I hope to see my 
master in the other world." — At 
this Mrs Morrey said, " Pray God 
you may !" Lomas again admonish- 
ed his mistress, as she had a longer 
time allowed her, to confess her sins 
and repent. To a question put by- 
Mr Hudson, Mrs Morrey denied that 
she took the candle into the other 
room, and said, she would not let 



Sept. 1.] 



CHRONICLE. 



14.3 



the servant girl go through the win- 
dow ; she repeated she did not hold 
the candle ; Lomas said, " Mistress, 
do not say so, it will do you no good 
to deny it ; when I told you Han- 
nah was coming, you pinched the 
candle out." — Mrs Morrey's reply 
to this was, " My good lad, it was 
not so, there have been many false 
things said," and she then proceeded 
to animadvert upon some parts of the 
evidence upon the trial, which were 
afterwards, by the explanation of Mr 
Hudson, reconciled, and understood 
by the convicts to be correctly given. 
Mrs Morrey admitted that she took 
the shirt out of the box and threw it 
upon the bag of barley ; and Lomas 
said he put the box upon the bed. 
When Mr Hudson asked Mrs Mor- 
rey how she could ever expect to be 
acquitted, she declared it to be from 
a supposition that Lomas's confes- 
sion could not be admitted evidence 
against her. Lomas observed, that 
he was not likely to do otherwise 
than confess — but the confession did 
not come against them, there was 
enough, he said, without it. Mrs 
Morrey then said her husband had 
declared the night of the murder, 
that he should turn Lomas away that 
week, for he suspected that he got 
up in the night to get to the drink. 
This, Lomas said, was very unlikely, 
for he had said nothing to him, but 
appeared very well satisfied, and was 
joking and in ^ood humour with him 
that very night. They never had, he 
said, many words, any thing of that 
sort was soon over, they neither of 
them ever bore any malice, he liked 
his master, he was a very good mas- 
ter, but, added he, " I wish he had 
turned me away that night.** And 
Mrs Morrey repeated, ♦< I wish he 
had, but I hope your sins will be for- 
given and mine too ; it was your own 



faulty you were always proking at 
me, and would not let me alone." 
This was retorted upon her by Lo- 
mas, who said it was her that would 
not let him alone ; and he reminded 
her of a particular instance, on the 
very night of the murder, when she 
got out of bed and came to him, and 
he wanted her to go to bed again and 
not do it, and she would not ; and he 
was all in a tremble. She repUed,. 
" I know I have been too bad as well 
as you.** 

Mr Hudson asked whether she 
could have expected to live happy in 
case she had been acquitted, and she 
said, she never should have been hap- 
py, *' I know I have done wrong, 
and I have sinned.'* She reminded 
Lomas of a time when he came back 
from the coal-pit and wanted to have 
done the deed, and she refused, be- 
cause he had been bad, and had not 
eat any thing, and was weak. Mr 
Hudson asked Lomas, how he got 
the axe that lie struck his master 
with, and he said, his mistress gave 
it into his hand. The observation 
she made to this was, " My dear lad, 
was it not on the chair ?** He said, 
" Why, mistress, you put it into my 
hand,'* which she did not deny ; and 
being asked about the razor, he said 
his mistress concealed it under her 
petticoats — that he took the axej 
and while his mistress held the can- 
dle, he struck his master three times ; 
she then pinched the candle out, and 
they both ran into the house-place, 
where they heard him groan, upon 
which his mistress said, " John, he 
is alive ; go, and kill him.'* Mrs 
Morrey replied to this, she only made 
the observation, <* John, he is aUve :** 
he then went and struck him with the 
axe two or three times, in the dark,' 
and returned ; when she gave him the 
razor, they still heard him groaning. 



144 EDINBURGH ANNUAJ. REQISTER, 1812. [6ept. 4. 



X-omas persiste4 in it, b^ore her, 
that she directed him to go and kill 
bim-r-to go and cut his throat. She 
continued to deny this part, whilst he 
repeated it as true j and he said he 
4id go in consequence, and found his 
waster raised in his bed, and attempt- 
ing to get off backwards ; when get- 
ting close up to him, his master, ap- 
pearing to know him, laid his head 
npon Lomas's br«3st, and caught hold 
of his shirt with his right hj^nd ; Lo- 
mas said that he thrust his hand away, 
and got his master's head under his 
left arm, he then cut hjs throat twice, 
desperate cuts and deep, and then ran 
and got into bed and pretended to be 
asleep. The razor he put under a 
bag in his room, but in the morning 
l)e took it, and when he went to wa- 
ter the mare, he threw it into the pit 
near the house, and he saw it again, 
he said, on the trial, it being found 
there when the water was let off. 

Mrs Morrey was then solemnly 
questioned by Mr Hqdson, about 
the truth of Lomas's declarations, 
and whether it was not nearly the 
truth-T-and she said, " It is nearly 
the truth." {>he said she was 16 
weeks gone with child, and entered 
into a calculation from the time of 
lier being in prison. Lomas asked 
her about the time of her miscar- 
riage, and she gave him the particu- 
lar time, stating, that it was the day 
she prepared to go to Knighton, an 
qlluhion which he seemed to under- 
6t3Hd. Mr Hvidson asked her how 
long she had been in bed with her 
husband before she got up to perpe- 
trate the murder, but she could not 
particularly state. He questioned 
iier as to whether her husband was 
sober, jind she said he was sober 
enough. 

Mr Hudson then addressed them 
i^ t^ language gf admooition, and 
4 



prepared the^. for a final separation. 
Lomas said, « I forgive her, but it 
seems she does not forgive me." And 
she said, " I have forgiven every bo- 
dy, and every thing that has been 
done against aie." Lomas said his 
half-brother had cursed her (Mrs 
Morrey), but he said nothing. He 
said, nothing cut him up so much as 
to see his poor father, what grief he 
was in — it was a hard case, he said, 
for him to bring children up to this 
end. *' God help him, and God 
help my master's children j I hope 
they will take good ways." He then 
enquired as to what situations they 
were in, and was informed by his mis- 
tress. He said his own mother was 
a very wicked woman. Then, ad- 
dressing himself to his mistress, he 
piously called upon her to make her 
peace with God, and to read the 
Scriptures and pray. " Till I came," 
he said, " to this place, I knew no- 
thing of Scripture. I have been 
made to read the Bible, and to pray, 
and I am bt;tter off. I like the New 
Testament ; I have read it, and I 
know that Christ came down to die 
for us poor miserable sinners. Mis- 
tress, I wish well to you, I will leave 
you a good book of prayers, and hope 
you will read it." Mrs Morrey said 
she freely forgave Lomas, and he said 
he forgave her— and finally said, fare 
you well, mistress. 

4th — " Lord Wellington entered 
Madrid on the 15th uU- Took 1700 
prisoners, and 18t) pieces of cannon." 

In the evening an official bulletin 
was issued from the office of the War 
Department. 
" 4th Septeniher, 181 '2. 6 o'clock, P. M. 

" Dispatches have been received by 
Earl Bathurst from Marquis Wel- 
lington, dated the 13th and 15th ult. 
containing the intelligence of the al- 
lied army having entered Madrid af* 



Sept. 10.] 



CHRONICLE. 



145 



ter an inconsiderable resistance on 
the 12th ultimo, and that the Retire 
had surrendered by capitulation on 
the 14th with 25,000 prisoners. In 
that place there were found 189 pie- 
ces of cannon, the eagles of the 13th 
and .'list regiments, 900 barrels of 
powder, 20,000 stand of arms, and 
considerable magazines of clothing, 
provisions and ammunition." 

The following bulletin was shewn 
at St James's Palace on Saturday- 
last : — 

" Windsor Castle^ Sept. 5, 
** His majesty has continued near- 
ly in the same state since the time of 
the last monthly report." 

8th. — Horrid Murder. — Some 
jocularities having passed on Sunday, 
at dinner, between a young man and 
the wife of a fishmonger, of the name 
of Dodd, resident at West Ham, Es- 
sex, the husband, enraged at what he 
construed into an improper familiari- 
ty, plunged a knife, with which he 
was eating, into the heart of the un- 
fortunate woman ; her death was in- 
stantaneous. Dodd was immediate- 
ly secured. 

X.1VERPOOL. — The following im- 
portant intelligence from America, 
was received from hence this day. 

** The ship Pacific, a car tel with pas- 
sengers, arrived here this morning, 
from New York, which she left on 
the morning of the 8th ult. She 
brings papers, from which the follow- 
ing are extracts. 

« New York, July 31. 
Another Baltimore Riot. — It is 
with emotions of unutterable regret that 
we have to record the most alarming and 
sanguinary riot that this hitherto tran- 
quil country has ever seen. Knowing the 
solicitude of the public to learn the de- 
tails of those scenes of horror in which 
a sister city is involved, we have collect- 
ed and published several letters on the 
uiournful subject. As these were all writ- 
VOL. V. PART II. 



ten in the midst of confusion and alarm, 
we cannot but earnestly hope that to- 
morrow's mail will show that the riot has 
been less fatal than is here represented. 
" A letter in the Aurora states that the 
criminal court was in session when the 
riot commenced. A letter, which is now 
before us, says, " The court of justice is 
shut up, the judges will not preside ; and 
the grand jury will not serve. Tears be- 
dew the cheeks of the reflecting part of 
the commuHity." 

«« Baltimore, July 29. 

" I scarcely know how to begin to in- 
form you of the horrid scene in which 
this city at present is involved. Since 
the destruction of the office of the Fede- 
ral Republican, that paper has not been 
published until Monday last. It was then 
issued by C. Hanson and J. H. Heatli. 
About eight o'clock in the evening, a mob 
began to assemble (about 30, mostly boys 
under 17 years of age), and to break the 
windows of the house, from which the 
papers were distributed to the subscribers 
in Baltimore. About 10 o'clock they 
were joined by many more. They then 
broke the doors, and attempted to enter 
the house. There were about 70 arm- 
ed persons within, who immediately fi- 
red upon those who were entering the 
building, and killed three and wound- 
ed four others. The mob then armed 
themselves, brought a sixpounder to bear 
upon the house, fired into the building 
with their muskets, and wounded onu 
man in the breast. This was at 1 2 o* 
clock, and the alarm bell did not ring till 
two in the morning. 

" Two troops of horse then assembled. 
To them the men in the house surren- 
dered, on condition that they should be 
taken to the prison unmolested.. A com- 
pany of infantry was called out to assist 
them, but it was with difficulty they were 
conveyed to the jail. The mob broke all 
the furniture in the house, which had 
been thus surrendered, broke the frames 
of the doors and windows, tore down the 
chimnies, and then marched to the pri- 
son, with the intention to murder the 
prisoners. Two reginients were put un- 
der arms, and contmued sq until seven 



146 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Sept. la 



in the morning, when the mob dispersed, 
and the military were dismissed. This 
calm was but a prelude to a more dread> 
ful storm. At eight o'clock in the even- 
ing, the mob rc-assembled in greater 
numbers ; cut down the prison doors ; 
entered, and. by beating and hanging, 
murdered, in cold blood, about twelve 
persons — the rest, to the number of ten, 
made their escape through the back 
door. Old General Lee from Virginia, 
was murdered — David Hoffman was left 
as dead, and is not expected to live, 
two yoqng men of Hoffman's in the san)e 
case — Hanson and Heath the same — J. 
Thompson was beaten and supposed to 
be dead — he was then dragged with a 
rope, until they could obtain a cart, on 
which they put him, covered him with 
tar and feathers, and conveyed him thus 
about the city. Their barbarity did not 
cease here. They occa>ionallj felt his 

{)ulse, and when they discovered the 
east indication of life, they again beat 
his head, imtil it was extinguished. This 
work continued until two o'clock, when 
they were persuaded to lodge him in the 
watch-house, where I saw him. He had 
then conie to, and asked for a drink of 
water, which was given to him. The mob 
then diipersed, with a determination to 
meet again this morning at nine o'clock, 
for the purpose of tormenting this poor 
creature a little longer. All I have ever 
read of the French does not equal what 

I saw and beard last night. Such ex- 
pressions as these were current — " We'll 
root out the Tories" — " We'll drink 
their blood" — " We'll eat their hearts." 

" I have just heard that the mob are 
out, and have gotten poor Thompson 
again. I understand they intend to seize 
again upon the others who were beaten, 
and who are now in the hospital, and 
not expected to live till 12 o'clock. My 
thoughts are so ccmfused from anxiety 
and want of rest, that I can scarcely 
write." 

The Nautilus captured. — It 

II with much regret (says the same 
paper) that we have to state the loss 
of the United States brig Nautilus, 
aad a long list of American merchant- 



men. They were captured by the 
British fleet which has recently pass- 
ed along our coast, and we fear that 
they amount in value to more than all 
the British vessels that can be captu- 
red in a year. 

10th.— -CON-STITUTION OF SiCILY. 

— «* Palermo, 2^th Jidy^ 1812 The 

parliament held their second sitting 
( first for dispatch of business ) on the 
20th, when the following fourteen 
articles were resolved, and passed 
through the three chambers, by a 
large majority, in spite of the influ- 
ence of the court. There is not per- 
haps in history so remarkable a revo- 
lution brought about, with so much 
tranquillity. The barons have given 
up their feudal rights, and if the re- 
solutions are followed up the peo- 
ple will be free. 

" The British minister deserves the 
highest credit for his conduct ; the 
Sicilians admit that they owe every 
thing to his moderation, good sense, 
and firmness. 

'* 1 St. The supreme authority of ma- 
king laws and imposing taxes is vested 
alone in the nation. 

" 2d. The executive power is in the 
king. 

" Sd. Judicial authority is in the xaai- 
gistrates, subject to the approval of par- 
liament. 

" 4th. The king's person is sacred. 

'* 5th. The ministers are responsible 
to parliament. 

" 6th The two chambers to consist of 
lords and commons, and the clergy to 
have seats in the former. 

*' 7th. The barons to have only one 
vote each. 

" 8th. The right of assembling parlia- 
ment is in the king, and necessary every 
year. 

" 9th. The nation sole proprietor of 
the state. 

" 10th. No Sicilian can be judged or 
condemned, except by laws t© be recog- 
nized by parliament 



SiPT 12.] 



CHRONICLE. 



W 



*' tith. The feudal law is abolished, 
as well as the right of investiture (Mono- 
poly). 

" J 2th. The privileges of the barons, 
over their vassals, is also abolished. 

" 1 3th. Every p oposition, relative to 
tux'ition. ni'iit originate in the lower 
cha ibi'r a-ul be approved by the upper. 
" 14th. A modification of the British 
constitution to be recommended this ses 
Bion 

" The parliament had their second 
meeting last night, the 24th. The 
ecclesiastical chamber sent a deputa- 
tion to the lords, »tating, as their 
opmion, that the first article of the 
resolution should go to estabhsh the 
religion of the country, which was 
carried, after a debate It was then 
resolved, that the articles already vo- 
ted by the three chambers should be 
forthwith presented to the king for 
his sanction, previous to any further 
proceedings, it being argued, that if 
the king should put his veto on these 
resolutions ( which were to form the 
basis of the new constitution ) any su- 
perstructure formed upon them must 
fall to the ground. There were only 
six dissentient voices on this question. 
Princes Frabbeia Cassino (the pre- 
sent minister of the interior), Cuto 
and Lucchisi Niscemi and two others, 
toted with the court. Butera, the 
premier baron, gave the first voice for 
the articles being immediately pre- 
sented. Their deliberations conti- 
nued to a late hour. 

" The Marquis Salvo proposed and 
carried the 9th resolution against the 
ministers. 

" Prince Belmonte made a most 
eloquent speech, and to his perseve- 
rance, ability, and firmness, every cre- 
dit is due. 

" The Marquis Salvo also propo- 
aed the trial by jury, which was op- 
posed by the lords, but carried in the 
common. 



" The Duke of Sperlenga propo» 
sed and carried the motion relative to 
the feudal law, on which occasion he 
delivered a brilliant speech." 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
10th September 1812—8 o'clock A. M. 
Raising of the Siege of Ca- 
diz. — Major D'Oyly has this morn- 
ing arrived with dispatches from Ma- 
jor- General Cooke to Earl Bathurst, 
dated Cadiz, 26th August, by which 
it appears, that, on the night of the 
24'th, and morning of the 25th, the 
enemy abandoned his positions and 
works opposite to that place, and 
the Isla de Leon, except the town 
of Port Santa Maria, where a body 
of troops remained till the middle of 
the day, and then withdrew to the 
Cartuga. He has left a very nume- 
rous artillery in the several works, 
and a large quantity of stores and 
powder. Moat of the ordnance has 
been rendered useless. 

Colonel Skerrett and the Spanish 
troops under General Cruz were at 
ManzaniUa on the 22d. 

12th.-P£DESTRlANiSM.-J. Waring, 
a Lancashire-man, started from Lon- 
don on Thursday, for a wager of 
100 guineas, to go to Northampton 
and return (136 miles), in 34 hours, 
which is, within two miles, at the 
rate of four miles an hour, without 
stoppages. He went the first 55 
miles in 12 hours, and half the dis- 
tance in l^j. After resting an hour 
and a half, he started on his return, 
and got through the business, with 
three minutes to spare, with exces- 
sive fatigue. 

A few days since, such a shoal of 
red mullet drove from sea up the ri- 
ver Exe to Topsham, that they were 
sold at 23. per dozen, and under ; it 
is now several years since a shoal of 
the kind came up the Exe ; some 



146 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Sept. 12. 



' have conjectured that they are pur- 
uued from the ocean by the porpoises, 
as a vast body of the latter have been 
seei, playing in Exmouth harbour, 
and one morning last week some of 
a monstrous size approached so near 
the bathing-machines, as to cause no 
little alarm to those who were ba- 
thing. 

Melancholy Catastrophe.— 
On the inorning of the 27th of Au- 
gust, 14 men belonging to Conway 
went out in a small boat to finish the 
loading of a flat lying near Orms- 
head, bound, with pavement flags, - 
for Liverpool. After having accom- 
plished their work, they left the ves- 
isel about ten at night, and began to 
row towards Conway ; in a short 
while their cries were heard as if in 
great danger, but the vessel being 
aground, no assistance could be ren- 
dered to them. The cries of distress 
continued until one loud yell was ut- 
tered, after which there was universal 
silence. Next morning the boat was 
found, full of water, and drifted up 
the river. Seven hats, two jackets, 
and a waistcoat, were found on the 
water's edge ; but none of the bodies 
have been washed ashore. Conway 
is filled with lamentation. Ten of the 
men have left large families. Eleven 
widows were unfortunately made, and 
S5 children left fatherless. Subscrip- 
tions for their relief have been set on 
foot, and the people, touched with 
their suffering, have been extremely 
liberal. — [North Wales Gazette.) 

12th. — An interesting occurrence 
took place at Folkingham on Tues- 
day evening se'nnight. — A poor wo- 
man, who had obtained a pass billet 
to remain there all night, was sitting 
by the fire of the kitchen of the Grey- 
hound inn, with an infant child at 
her breast, when two chimney-sweeps 
came in, who had been engaged to 



sweep some of the chimneys belong- 
ing to the inn early next morning. 
They were, according to custom, 
treated with a supper, which they 
had begun to eat, when the younger, 
a boy about seven years of age, hap- 
pening to cast his eyes upon the wo- 
man (who had been likewise viewing 
them with a fixed attention from their 
first entrance), suddenly started up, 
and exclaimed in a frantic tone — 
*< That's my mother I" and immedi- 
ately flew into her arms. It appear- 
ed that her name is Mary Davis, and 
that she is the wife of a private in the 
2d regiment of foot guards, now ser- 
ving in the peninsula ; she resides in 
Westminster ; her husband quitted 
her to embark for foreign service on 
the 20th of last January, and on the 
28th of the same month she left her 
son in the care of a woman who oc- 
cupied the front rooms of her house, 
while she went to wash for a family 
in the neighbourhood ; on her return 
in the evening, the woman had de- 
camped with her son, and, notwith- 
standing every effort was made to 
discover their retreat, they had not 
since been heard of ; but having been 
lately informed that the woman was 
a native of Leeds, she had come to 
the resolution of going there in search 
of her child, and with this view had 
walked from London to Folkingham, 
a distance of 106 miles, with an in- 
fant not more than six weeks old in 
her arms. The boy's master stated, 
that about the latter end of last Ja- 
nuary he met a woman and boy in the 
neighbourhood of Sleaford, where he 
resides ; she appeared very ragged, 
and otherwise much distressed, and 
was at that time beating the boy most 
severely ; she then accosted him (the 
master), saying she was in great dis- 
tress, and a long way from home, an^ 
after some further preliminary coo- 



S^T. 14] 



CHRONICLE. 



U9 



versation, said, if he would give her 
two guineas to enable her to get home, 
she would bind her son apprentice to 
him ; this proposal was agreed to, 
and the boy was regularly indentu- 
red, the woman having previously 
made affidavit as to being his own 
mother. This testimony was corro- 
borated by the boy himself j but as 
no doubt remained in the mind of 
any one respecting the boy's real mo- 
ther, bis master, without further ce- 
remony, resigned him to her. The 
inhabitants interested themselves very 
much in the poor woman's behalf, by 
not only paying her coach fare back 
to London (her children having been 
freed by one of the proprietors), but 
also by collecting for her the sum of 
21. 5s. 

1 4th. — Lately, as James Adamson, 
of Postern Gate, near Hull, vras fish- 
ing in the Humber, he had occasion 
to put his hand under water, when 
he imagined himself bitten or stung 
under the thumb nail by a venomous 
fish. The wound, not being consi- 
dered of consequence, was neglected 
till Friday se'nnight, when a violent 
inflammation had taken place in his 
hand and arm, for which he was co- 
piously bled, and otherwise medically 
treated, as the case seemed to require. 
The inflammation was not, however, 
arrested, but proceeded with such ra- 
pidity to mortification, that the poor 
man died on Monday. 

Plymouth, Sept. 14. 

Insurrection at Dartmoor 
Prison. — An express arrived here 
last night, at eleven o'clock, inform- 
ing General Stephens that a serious 
commotion had broken out among 
the prisoners in Dartmoor depot, 
that the Cheshire mihtia stationed 
there were under arms, and that im- 
mediate assistance was necessary. — 
Three field-pieces, with 15 gunners 



and 15 artillery-drivers, were imme- 
diately sent off to Dartmoor, and 
their appearance quickly restored or- 
der among the insurgents. It ap- 
pears that the bakehouse having been 
burnt down last week at Dartmoor, 
in which bread for the prisoners had 
usually been baked, a pound and a 
half of biscuit had been served out 
to each man, but this had been redu- 
ced by an order from government, to 
one pound, the usual allowance of 
bread. This was resented by the 
whole body of prisoners (about 
7000), and they shewed so determi- 
ned a disposition, that such measures 
were found necessary as were adopt- 
ed. They even had it in contempla- 
tion to fire the prison and effect aa 
escape. Some of them were for sei- 
zing the depot ef arms at Tavistock, 
but the appearance of the artillery 
settled every thing. 

Destructive Fire at Seram- 
PORE. — Extract of a letter from Dr 
Joshua Marsham, of Serampore, Ben-i 
gal, to Dr Ryland, Bristol, dated 
1 2th March, and received the 9tb 
September 1812 :— 

" My dear Sir, 

" Last night, about six o'clock, when 
I was sitting in my study, some one ex- 
claimed, " The printing-office is on fire!" 
I ran instantly thither, and beheld, at the 
lower end of the office, which is a room 
200 feet long, a stage, containing 70O 
reams of English paper, sent out to print 
the Tamid and Cingalese New Testa- 
ment, enveloped in flames. Every win- 
dow but one was fastened by a large fiat 
bar of iron, which went across it, and 
was secured by a bolt in the inside. la 
five minutes the room was so filled with 
smoke that a candle would not live. 

" Finding it impossible to open the 
windows, or for any one to go in with- 
out danger of instant death, we fastened 
that door again, in the hope of smother- 
ing the flame, and ^cending the roof.. 



150 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Sbpt. 14. 



pierced it over the fire, and by inces- 
santly pouring down water, so kept it 
under for three hours, that nothing but 
the paper appeared to have kindled, and 
there the flame was greatly abated. The 
alarm which we gave brought all the Eu- 
ropeans around us, to our assistance, 
besides our own native servants, so that 
we had all the assistance we could de- 
sire. While, however, the flames were 
got under there, I looked in, and sud- 
denly saw a flame spread about twenty 
feet higher up. The smoke and steam 
increased so as to render it death to get 
three feet within the wall. In a few mi- 
nutes the flames spread in every direc- 
tion, and took away all hope of saving 
any thing from thence, and filled us with 
terror for Mrs Marshman's school, about 
thirty feet to the north-west, a bed-room 
for the boys, about sixteen feet full north, 
which communicated with brother Ca- 
rey's, and the hall, library, and museum, 
within twelve feet of it, to the north-east. 
The wind, however, fell, and it burned 
as straight upwards as fire on a hearth, 
and communicated to nothing besides. 
It remained burning for six hours, and 
consumed the beams, five feet in circum- 
ference, the roof, the windows, and every 
thing but the walls. Happily no lives were 
lost, nor a bone broken. The loss we can- 
not at present estimate. It has consumed 
all but the six presses, which we rejoiced 
were saved, being in a side room. Two 
thousand reams of English paper are 
consumed, worth at least 50001. sterling. 
Fonts of types in fourteen languages 
besides English, namely, Nagree (two 
fonts, large and small), Bengalee (two 
fonts), Orissa, Mahratta, Seek, Biirman, 
Telinga, Tamul, Cingalese, Chinese, Per- 
sian, Arabic, Hebrew, and Greek, were 
burnt ; besides fonts of English for car- 
rying on ten works, which we have now 
in the press ; and the cases, stones, brass 
rules, iron chases,&c. correspondent with 
all these. We have n< t types left for the 
circular letter, nor even to print a state- 
ment of the loss. The editions of the 
New Testament which are slopped are 
nine, viz. the Uincioosthanee, Persian, 
and TajDul, printing under the patronage 



of the Auxiliary Bible Fccietyj and the 
Hindee (second edition), Telinga, Seek, 
Burman, Sungskrit (second edition), and 
Chinese. The editions of the Old Tes- 
tament are five, the Sungskrit, Bengalee 
(second edition), Orissa, Mahraita, and 
Hindee. Among the English works sus- 
pended, till we get types from you, ar^ 
the " Sungskrit Grammar" (second edi- 
tion) ; Brother Ward's work on the 
" Manners of the Hindoos" (second edi- 
tion); " Confucius" (second edition); 
the " Dissertation on the Chinese" (se- 
cond edition), enlarged to more than 200 
pages ; '* Bengalee Dictionary," and a 
" Telinga Grammar," both by Brother 
Carey. The loss cannot be less than 
12,000l. sterling, and all our labours are 
at once stopped. 

" I trembled for Ward, lest the roof 
should have fallen in with him, or lest 
he should have entered too f^r, and at 
once have extinguished the spark of life ; 
but we are all preserved, blessed be God. 
The flames touched nothing besides; they 
might have consumed every thing. The 
presses are preserved, and happily the 
matrices of all the fonts of types were 
deposited in another place ; had these 
been burnt, it must have been years be- 
fore they could have been replaced. We 
can now, however, begin casting types 
to-morrow, if we can find money ; coun- 
try paper can be substituted for English, 
and thus two or three months will put 
the versions of the Scriptures in motion 
again ; but for English we shall be dis- 
tressed till you send us a supply ; we 
know not even how to send you a circu- 
lar letter. I am writing this at Calcutta, 
to go by tlie packet this evening, whither 
I am come to inform Brother Carey, and 
therefore cannot tell you what types, nor 
how many. They must, however, be all 
the sizes, froai the text of Confucius to 
the minion in the circular letter ; also 
Italian, and every printing utensil accom- 
panying. Perhaps some friend in Lon- 
don, in the printing line, can tell what 
goes to complete a piinting-office with 
Englisih types. You must also send a 
font of Greek and Hebrew. I am dis- 
tressed to think where vou will find mo- 

7 



&Bf^T. 14.] 



CHRONICLE. 



ISi 



ney, but send, if you incur a debt— the 
silver and the gold are the Lord's. The 
Christian sympathy of our friends almost 
overwhelms me- Mr Browne (President 
of the College) was confined by illness ; 
but Mr Bird, his son-in-law, exerted him- 
self for us in the most strenuous manner. 
I fear it affects Mr Browne's mind even 
more than my own ; he sent off an ex- 
press at midnight, to acq'iaint Mr Har- 
rington, who is deeply affected. Poor 
Mr Thomason (chaplain to the Gover- 
nor-General), wept like a child to-day 
on hearing of it. He begs us to make 
out a minute statement of our loss, and 
says he will use all his interest on our 
behalf. How it arose we know not ; 
Brother Ward and others think it must 
have been done by design, and that some 
idolater among our servants, turning pale 
•with envy at the sight of the Bible print- 
ing in so many languages, contrived this 
mode of stopping the work. This, how- 
evvr, is mere conjecture. 

*' P, S. — One thing will enable us to 
go to work the sooner; the keys of a 
building, larger than the printing-office, 
which we have let for years as a ware- 
house, were given up to us on Saturday 
last. Thus we have a place to resume 
our labours the moment types are cast." 

NOTICE. 

" On account of the great and affect- 
ing loss whicli has been sustained by the 
missionaries at Serampore, Bengal, a col- 
lection will be made at Richmond Court 
chapel, after sermon, on the forenoon 
and evening of Sabbath next, the 20th 
current, when it is hoped that those who 
are present will exert themselves, and 
thus testify their concern for an event 
which must be lamented by every Chris- 
tian. Worship, in the evening, will be- 
gin at six o'clock." 

17th. London. On Sunday 

night a gentleman, between 50 and 
60 years of age, went into a house 
of a particular description near the 
Admiralty. He had not been long 
there when he died suddenly. He 
had with him a small dog, of the ter- 
rier kind, which immediately left the 



room. There was nothing found on 
the gentleman's person to lead to a 
discovery of his identity. About 12 
o'clock, however, on Monday night, 
three interesting young ladies, of ve- 
ry genteel appearance, between the 
ages of sixteen and twenty, arrived 
at the house in which the gentleman 
died, accompanied by the dog. They 
came in a chaise from Richmond, 
where they reside. It appears that 
the dog, immediately after the de- 
cease of his master, ran off to Rich- 
mond to his master's house. As soon 
as the door was opened, he rushed 
into the apartment of the young la- 
dies, who were in the act of dressing 
themselves. He began to solicit their 
attention by whines and cries, and his 
eyes turned to the door, as if to in- 
vite them out. Failing in this, he 
became mor« earnest, seized their 
clothes, and pulled them towards the 
door with so much violence, that one 
of their gowns was torn. This exci- 
ted great alarm, and from the intelli- 
gence shewn by the animal, it was 
resolved by the young ladies to ac- 
commodate themselves to the dog, 
wlio continued to invite them away. 
A chaise was accordingly ordered, 
and the three young ladies took their 
seats in it. The dog led the way, 
with his head almost constantly turn- 
ed back, and his eyes fixed upon the 
carriage, until he led them to the 
house near the Admiralty, where his 
master died. There they alighted ; 
but how great was their grief, horror, 
and surprise, to find their father dead 
in such a situation. 

The deceased proved to be Mr 
Corbet, an inhabitant of Lewisham, 
in Kent, where he possessed a farm 
of considerable extent, and followed 
the business of an auctioneer, and was 
greatly respected in his neighbour- 
hood. Sunday nigkt he d):oppe4 



152 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Sept. 17. 



down in the house alluded to, when 
the people supposing him dead, im- 
mediately gave the alarm, and the 
body was conveyed to the Lord 
Cochrane hotel, within a few doors 
in Spring Gardens. Here it was dis- 
covered that the spark of life was i\ot 
totallv^ extinguished. He was car- 
ried up stairs and put to bed, and 
medical assistance was called in, but 
in vain — in a few minutes he was a 
corpse. As the people of the house 
were carrying him up stairs, a sum ot 
11 001. fell from his pocket in bank- 
notes, tied up in a bundle, and mark- 
ed on the outside, " To be paid into 
Snow s," a circumstance sufficient in 
itself to shew that he had not been 
dishonestly treated by the female who 
accompanied him into the house from 
which he was brought, or any other 
person belonging to it. The interest- 
ing little dog after his return remain- 
ed at his post, the faithful guardian 
of his beloved master's remains. He 
lay on the foot of the bed with his 
eyes constantly fixed on the body 
with an eager, anxious, melancholy 
expression. The place was crowded 
with people, led by curiosity to this 
interesting scene. The dog never ap- 
peared to take any notice of these 
strange visitors, and no rude hand 
attempted to interrupt the little 
mourner in his melancholy office. — 
The verdict of the coroner's inquest 
was. Died by the Visitation of God. 

21st. — A most tragical event took 
place at Chepstow on Sunday last, 
which has plunged many families in 
that city and neighbourhood in the 
greatest distress. The particulars are 
as follow : — ^A party, consisting of 



eight ladies and one gentleman,* ac- 
companied by a man-servant, who 
had been to church in the morning, 
had afterwards ridden to Tintern Ab- 
bey, and then returned by water ; it 
was perfectly calm, and a full moon ; 
when they were about to land, the 
boatman informed them that the best 
place was below the bridge, which 
they were fast approaching, and where 
a number of ladies and gentlemen 
were walking. Before they had en- 
tered the arch, one of the ladies called 
out "There's a rope, there's a rope ;" 
but it was not seen by any other of 
the party, being in part under the 
surface of the water ; in an instant 
all was horror ; the moment the boat 
touched the rope she upset ! The 
cries of the unfortunate for assist- 
ance, the pushing off of boats from 
the shore, and the hurry of the good 
people who were anxious to save 
them, formed altogether a scene of 
inexpressible distress. The wretched 
remains of this late happy party are 
Miss Eliza Shute, Miss Ann, and 
Mr Rothery ; the latter of whom 
had been twice carried down in sup- 
porting his wife, by struggling friends 
clinging to him, and checking his ex- 
ertions ; he at length got her to the 
head of the upset boat, but from one 
of the party again clinging to them, 
they both suddenly disappeared, and 
it was long before Mr Rothery rose 
to the surface, when he again grasped 
the boat, and was taken up in an al- 
most lifeless state. Miss Ann Shute, 
after long struggling, reached the 
boat, and was taken off its bottom ; 
and Miss Eliza was taken from un- 
derneath, upon turning up the boa):. 



• Mrs Shute, wife of Richard Shute, Esq. of Sydenham, Kent, and sister to Mrs 
Langle} , of Waterhouse, near. Bristol ; her daughters Mary, Margaret, Eliza, 
and A"n; Miss Fisher, also sister to Mrs Langleyj Mr, Mrs, and Miss Rothery, 
of Bristol, 



Sept. 25.] 



CHRONICLE. 



155 



The unpardonable conduct of the 
person who fastened the fatal rope 
to the pier, contrary to all rule, and 
the regulations of the port, and ne- 
ver before known to be done, and by 
which three families have been plun- 
ged into the greatest misery, renders 
it proper that hia name should be 
made public ; the coroner's inquest 
(held on Mary Shute, whose body is 
the only one yet found), states him 
to be the pilot who carried the ves- 
sel, to which the rope was attached, 
up to the river, named James Halford 
of Bristol. 

25th. — Robbery and Suicide. — 
Messrs Wilkinsons, upholders, on 
Ludgate-hill, having of late been 
frequently robbed of feathers, suspi- 
cion at last attached to a porter in 
their employ, and a plan was laid for 
his detection ; it succeeded, and he 
was detected on Wednesday evening, 
when leaving work, with a large par- 
cel of feathers in his possession : he 
was detained, and a constable sent 
for, and on being questioned, he con- 
fessed that he had taken feathers fre- 
quently before, and sold them to a 
broker, residing on the Surrey side 
of Blackfriars bridge. In order to 
detect the receiver, it was agreed that 
he should go as usual, accompanied 
by the officer, with the feathers ; and 
when they arrived at the centre of 
Blackfriars bridge, he said the broker 
was in the habit of meeting him in 
the recess, and taking his bundle ; it 
was therefore agreed, that he should 
stop there on the present occasion, 
and that the officer should wait near 
at hand to detect the broker when 
he came ; they had not been long in 
waiting, when the officer was surpri- 
sed by observing the bundle of fea- 
thers fly over the top of the bridge ; 
and running forward to enquire the 
. cause, he was just ia time to see, but 



not to prevent, the prisoner throwing 
himself over also. The body sunk im- 
mediately, and though instant search 
was made for it, has not yet been 
found. 

Yesterday morning, at two o'clock, 
a most alarming fire broke out at Mr 
Holland's, tallow-chandler in South 
Audley Street, Grosvenor Square. 
It began in the back melting ware- 
house, in Reeves's Mews, and three 
of the adjoining stables were soon 
burnt to the ground. There were 
nearly 400 tons of tallow on the pre- 
mises, all of which was consumed, 
and of course added greatly to the 
fury of the flames. Fifty chaldrons 
of coals, belonging to a retail dealer 
in that article, were also consumed. 
The following are some of the hou- 
ses which have been destroyed or da- 
maged on this occasion : 

Messrs Stodart and Bolton, coach- 
makers ; the carriages were alt sa- 
ved — the house of Madame Jaymond, 
milliner, has also sustained much da- 
mage — Mr Parson's, baker, Mount 
Street ; the house burnt and an im- 
mense quantity of flour — Mr Teby'a 
stables, and Mr Butcher's slaughter- 
houses, in Reeves's Mews, totally con- 
sumed — the house of Mr Owen, tin- 
man, is much damaged. One man 
was considerably bruised ; but no 
lives were lost. 

American papers bring the follow- 
ing harangue from the gallant com- 
modore Rogers. When he received the 
declaration of war on board the Pre- 
sident, he ordered all hands on deck, 
and addressed them as follows : — 
" Now, lads, we have something to 
do that will shake the rust from your 

i'ackets. War is declared. We shall 
lave another dart at our old enemies. 
It is the very thing you have long 
wanted. The rascals have been bul- 
lying Qver us these ten years. I atu 



154. EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Sept. 26. 



glad the time is come at last, when 
we can have satisfaction. If there 
are any among you who are unwilling 
to risk your lives with me, say so, atid 
you shall be paid off, and dischar- 
ged." 

26th.— Account of the Entry 
OF THE Alliksinto Seville. — By 
the arrival of a mail from Cadiz, dis- 
patches relative to the capture of Se- 
ville by the allied forces, under the 
Spanish general La Cruz and Colo- 
nel Skerret, were received. 

The loss of the allies is trifling, 
that of the British consisted of Lieu- 
tenant Brett, royal artillery, and one 
man killed ; Lieutenant Llewelyn, 
of the 95th regiment, and 12 men, 
wounded. 

« Seville, j^ugust, 28, 1812. 
** Sir, — I have the honour to report 
the movements of the detachment 
under my orders since the date of my 
last. The result of which, the cap- 
ture of the city of Seville by assault, 
defended by eight French battalions 
and two regiments of dragoons en- 
trenched, will, I trust, be considered 
as honourable to the allied arms, and 
serviceable to the cause of Spain. 

" On the 24th inst. General Cruz 
Mourgeon, commanding the Spanish 
troops, and myself, judged it advisa- 
ble to make a forward movement on 
Seville; for this purpose it was advi- 
sable to force the enemy's corps of 
observation of 350 cavalry and 200 
infantry, at St Lucar la Mayor. I 
marched from Manzanilla with 800 
troops, composed of the first regiment 
of guards, the 87th, and the Portu- 
gueze regiment, Brig.-Gen. Downie, 
accompanied withGOO Spanish troops. 
The Spanish column attacked on the 
right, and the British and Portugueze 
on the left. The French were driven 
through the streets with precipita- 
tion, leaving some killed, wounded, 



and prisoners. We took post at San 
Lucar without the loss of a man. 

*♦ On the 26th instant. General Cruz 
and myself having judged that it 
would be attended with the most be- 
neficial effects, both on the public 
opinion, and in saving the city from 
being plundered, if the French could 
be precipitated in their retreat from 
Seville, the allied troops in conse- 
quence marched for this purpose, 
and arrived at the heights of Castil- 
lejos de la Cuesta, immediately above 
Seville, on the morning. of the 27th, 
at six o'clock. 

" The Spanish troops formed our 
advance. The French advance was 
driven in. The cavalry retired, lea- 
ving the infantry in the plain, which 
last were charged by the Spanish ca- 
valry, who made many prisoners. 

** The Spanish troops attacked a 
redoubt on our left, and lost a good 
many men. The columns advanced 
into the plain, by which movement 
this redoubt was turned, and its com- 
munication cut off ; the Spanish 
troops under General Cruz took the 
right, and made a detour to arrive 
and attack on that flank of Triana 
(the suburbs of Seville,) I ordered 
the redoubt to be masked by a de- 
tachment of the 20th Portugueze re- 
giment, and advanced a field, piece 
with some troops, to keep in check 
the enemy's fire at one of the gates 
of the city opposite to us, and after 
giving sufficient time for the Spanish 
column to arrive, the British and 
Portugueze troops advanced to the 
attack in front ; the cavalry and ar- 
tillery advanced at a gallop, support- 
ed by the grenadiers of the guards, 
and the infantry following. 

" The enemy abandoned the gate ; 
we entered the suburbs, and advanced 
near to the bridge of Seville with as 
much rapidity as possible, in hopes o^ 



Sept. 26.] 



CHRONICLE. 



15i 



preventing its destruction, which 
would have rendered it extremely- 
difficult for us to succeed. We were 
checked by the fire of grape-shot 
and musketry at the turning of the 
street. The grenadiers of the guards 
advanced to our support, and drove 
every thing before them. At this 
moment part of the Spanish column 
arrived ; we advanced to the bridge 
under a heavy fire ; Captain Cadoux, 
of the 9.5th, with great judgment, 
made a flank movement on our left ; 
Captain Roberts, of the artillery, 
brought up with rapidity two guns ; 
a heavy fire of cannon and musketry 
was soon brought to bear on the 
enemy, who were driven from their 
position on the other side of the river, 
and from the bridge, which they had 
only in part destroyed. The grena- 
diers of the guards, and some Spanish 
troops, led the columns that crossed 
the bridge. A general rout ensued, 
and the enemy were driven through 
the streets, which were strewed with 
their dead, and pursued at all points, 
leaving behind them valuable captures 
of horses, baggage, and money. 
*• It is difficult for me to express the 

{*oy of the people of Seville. The in - 
labitants, under the fire of the French, 
brought planks to lay across the 
bridge ; and their acclamations and 
vociferous marks of joy, added to the 
immense crowd, rendered it extreme- 
ly difficult for the officers to advance 
through the streets with their co- 
lumns. 

" The vast extent of this city, the 
exhausted state of the troops who 
had advanced in double quick time 
for three miles, and the want of ca- 
valry, rendered it impossible to con- 
tinue the pursuit beyond the town. 
Such was the rapidity of our attack, 
that this victory over a French divi- 
sion, and the passage of a bridge 
which the enemy had materially de- 



stroyed, with his infantry and artille- 
ry, formed on the banks of the river, 
was achieved with a loss that appears 
almost incredible. 

*♦ I have only to regret the loss of 
one officer. Lieutenant Brett, royal 
artillery, who was killed, gallantly 
fighting his gun, at the bridge. The 
intrepidity oT this valuable officer was 
observed by the whole detachment. 

" The loss of the enemy must have 
been very great. We have taken se- 
veral officers, and, I believe, near two 
hundred prisoners. C. Skerret.** 
Reaping Machine.-Dalkeith. 
— Yesterday, the committee of the 
Dalkeith Farming Club, and a nu- 
merous concourse of spectators, as- 
sembled at the farm of Smeaton, near 
Dalkeith, to witness the competition 
for the premium of 5001. offered by 
the club, to any inventor of a reap- 
ing machine, capable of cutting down 
two acres of corn in the period of five 
hours, with one or two horses, and 
two men. Several competitors were 
expected, but only one appeared, Mr 
Smith of the Deanstoun works, near 
Doune, Perthshire, who exhibited a 
machine of great elegance and simpli- 
city, impelled by one horse moving 
behind, while the action of the axle 
puts in rapid motion, at the opposite 
end of the machine, a drum with a 
circular cutter affixed to it. By the 
movement of the drum, the cut graii* 
is laid in a row, and the machine is 
so constructed, that the drum can, 
at pleasure, revolve towards the one 
or the other side, so as both in going 
and returning along the ridge to 
throw the grain towards the open 
side of the field. 

The machine possesses great>force, 
cutting a breadth of four feet at a 
time. The cutter can at pleasure be 
placed nearer to or farther from the 
ground, and on a smooth and level 
field it can be made to cut at any di- 



156 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 18l2. [Sept. 2<). 



gree of closeness to the ground which 
may be desired. 

French Eagles. — The ceremony 
of depositing these trophies of Bri- 
tish valour in Whitehall Chapel, took 
place this morning. At an early hour 
all the -guards who remain at home 
were drawn up in a hollow square, 
on the parade behind the War-office ; 
the horse guards were also drawn up, 
and, formed a lane towards the back 
gate of Carlton-house. — The bands 
of the respective regiments were in 
their state dresses. 

Shortly after nine o'clock, the 
prince regent, dressed in full uniform, 
and accompanied by the Duke of 
Cambridge, arrived. They were both 
mounted on fine chargers, and were 
received with presented arms, the 
band playing the Royal Salute, and 
the spectators, thousands of whom 
were present, hailing his presence 
with shouts of joy and exultation. 
The next object of attention was the 
arrival of the queen and several of 
the princesses, who were also greeted 
by rapturous expressions of affection 
.and loyalty, the guards presenting 
arms, and the band playing " God 
.save the King." Her majesty was 
met at the entrance of the War-office 
by the Duke of Clarence, who con- 
ducted her to the board-room, where 
the Princess Charlotte of Wak-s had 
already arrived, accompanied by se- 
veral ladies of distinction. The Duke 
of York was on the ground. 

The ceremony commenced by the 
French eagles and colours being 
brought forth from the guard-house, 
and placed in the centre of a detach- 
ment of the guards : they were then 
tarried round the area formed by the 
soldiery, preceded by the band ; and 
as they passed the window where the 
queen and royal family were placed, 



they were lowered, amidst the exult- 
ing shouts of thousands. 

Her majesty seemed much affect- 
ed, and was observed to shed tears ; 
no doubt, for the loss of those brave 
men whose lives fell the sacrifice of 
these proofs of British valour. The 
eagles were then carried to the cha- 
pel, where they were deposited, with 
the usual ceremonies. 

29th. — Dissolution ofParliamenti 
and declaring the calling of another. 
George, P. R. 

Whereas we, acting in the name 
and on the behalf of his majesty* 
think fit, by and with the advice of 
his majesty's privy council, to dis- 
solve this present parliament, which 
stands prorogued to Friday, the 21 8t 
day of October next ; we do there- 
fore, acting as aforesaid, publish this 
proclamation, and do hereby dissolve 
the said parliament accordingly ; and 
the lords spiritual and teniporal, and 
the knights, citizens, and burgesses, 
and the commissioners for shires and 
burghs, of the House of Commons,- 
are discharged from their meeting 
and attendance, on the said Friday, 
the 2d day of October next : And 
we being desirous and resolved, as 
as soon as may be, to meet his majes- 
ty's people, and to have their advice 
in parliament, do hereby make known 
to all his majesty's loving subjects, 
our will and pleasure to call a new 
parliament ; and do hereby further 
declare, in the name and on the behalf 
of his majesty, that with the advice 
of his majesty's privy council, we 
have this day given order, that the 
chancellor of that part of the united 
kingdom called Great Britain, and 
the chancellor of Ireland, do respect- 
ively forthwith issue out writs, in 
due form and according to law, for 
calling a new parliament : And we 



Sept. 29.] 



CHRONICLE. 



157 



do hereby also, in the name and on 
the behalf of his majesty, by this pro- 
clamation under the great seal of the 
united kingdom, require writs forth- 
with to be issued accordingly by the 
said chancellors respectively, for cau- 
sing the lords spiritual and temporal, 
and commons who are to serve in the 
said parliament, to be duly returned 
to, and give their attendance at said 
parliament ; which writs are to be 
returnable on Tuesday, the 24th day 
of November next. 

Given at the court at Carlton 
House, the 2yth day of Sep- 
tember, 1812, and in the 52d 
year of his majesty's reign. 
God Save the King. 

[There is also the usual proclama- 
tion, ordering the electing and sum- 
moning the sixteen peers of Scot- 
land] 

Fashions. — Evenm^ Dress A 

white crape robe, with demi-train, 
and long full sleeves, gathered at re- 
gular distances, and ornamented with 
simple bows of ribbon ; bosom and 
back formed very low ; the former 
ornamented with gold or Chinese silk 
trimming,andunitedwithgoldbuckles 
on the right side. The robe is worn 
over a white satin slip, and trimmed at 
the bottom with lace or silver ribbon. 
Hair confined in the eastern style, 
and ornamented with a wreath of va- 
riegated flowers. Necklace and cross 
of blended pearl, and amber ear-rings 
en suite. Roman shppers of white 
satin, with gold clasps : fan of white 
and gold crape, or carved ivory. An 
occasional Grecian scarf of white lace. 

Walking Dress. — A Parisian wrap- 
ping dress of plain jaconet muslin, or 
fine cambric, trimmed on each side, 
round the neck and wrists, with dou- 
ble borders of fine mull muslin. The 
sleeves very full, confined at the wrist 
with gold bracelets and drop snap. 



A Wellington hat, composed of 
blended straw and white satin, con- 
fined under the chin with white rib- 
bon, and decorated with a wreath of 
flowers round the crown. A small 
lace cap beneath, with a flower on 
the right side. A long sash, or bra- 
cer, of blue figured ribbon, passed 
over the shoulders, and tied in front 
of the waist. Roman shoes, of buff- 
coloured kid or jean, gloves the same 
colour. Parasol of blue shot silk, 
with deep Chinese fringe. — Acker- 
mann's Repository. 

Walking Dress. — A pelisse of Prin- 
cess Elizabeth lilac figured sarsnet, 
shot with white, and sufficientlyshorc 
to show the flounce of the morning 
dress beneath it ; it is made rather 
fuller than they have been worn, the 
waist moderately long, and buttoned 
all the way up with rich silk but- 
tons ; collar rather full, and a bow of 
figured ribbon tied at the throat, fas- 
tened at the bottom of the waist with 
silver clasp in front ; sleeves very long 
and full. A ruff, either of scolloped 
lace, or rich work, but to the latter 
we strongly object, as it looks very ;^ 
heavy, and indeed is not so general as 
lace. Lilac gloves and shoes. Small 
Spanish hat of the same silk as the 
pelisse, ornamented with three ostrich 
feathers, which fall to the right side, 
a large bow of figured ribbon on the 
left. 

Evening Dress. — White figured 
satin demi-train, richly trimmed round 
the bottom with crape intermixed 
with chenille ; over this a shore dress 
of white crape, made nearly to the 
knee in front, but considerably long- 
er behind, and trimmed with a rich 
embroidery of chenille ; this dress is 
cut down round the neck so as to dis- 
play it very much, a short crape sleeve 
falls over the satin one, and is trim- 
med, as is also ths bosom of the dress. 



158 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Sept. 99, 



with chenille ; the under sleeve is 
made very full, and looped up in front 
of the arm with a pearl ornament. 
The hair dressed very full on the 
forehead, and low at the sides ; strain- 
ed back from the front in the Greci- 
an style, and fastened up in a knot at 
the back of the head, from whence 
two ringlets fall almost to the neck. 
White pearl sprig, placed very far 
back in the hair. Necklace and brace- 
lets of the same. Spangled fan, and 
white kid gloves. — La Belle Assem- 
Uet. 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 
England. — In thn south-western, 
and all the forward counties, harvest 
is finibhed, with the exception of 
beans, which also are nearly harvest- 
ed. The same may be said of the 
earliest districts in Scotland. The 
late districts are now in the middle of 
their harvest. A more beautiful and 
prosperous season, with respect to 
^he weather, was never experienced ; 
but from the eager desire of antici- 
pating the fall of markets, perhaps a 
greater quantity of wheat has been 
hurried immaturely to the threshing 
floor than was ever known in any 
previous year. Yet the speculation 
has by no means succeeded, for great 
part of the wheat so hurried has re- 
mained unsold upon the markets as 
unfit for immediate use, and must be 
Viln-dried, at great expence and waste. 
In the mean time dry saleable samples 
have hitherto suftered but a small de- 
clension of price. The probability, 
however, ought to be noted, that ma- 
ny errors in judgment were commit- 
ted this year as to the state of the 
wheat crop, which in some parts, 
from the peculiar nature of the sea- 
son wore the appearance of ripeness 
9, week or two before it was actually 
•o. The wheat cut in that deceptive 



state, is, by consequence, shrivelled 
and light, and will detract conside- 
rably from the goodness of the gene- 
ral sample. Far from the ears of 
corn being of such magnitude this 
year as stated in the public papers, it 
is generally reported that the wheat 
ear was never smaller. It is never- 
theless given on the highest authori- 
ty, that there is a probability of the 
present growth of corn being equal 
to the consumption of the country 
for the ensuing year ; although there 
never has been a September, within 
the last fifty years, in which so small 
a quantity of old corn remained in 
store. Of corn and pulse, generally 
there is not an average crop. Beans 
are partially good ; pease generally 
bad, quantity and quality. Barley an 
inferior crop. Oats probably may 
reach an average crop, and are said 
to be of good quality in Scotland. 
Potatoe digging not yet finished, but 
the roots most abundant, and where 
good species were planted* of fine: 
mealy quality. Hop-picking comple- 
ted, the quantity small, the quality 
in great part very bad. Second crops 
of hay and clover well made and 
abundant. Turnips, a fair crop, al-. 
though backward ; the use of the 
Swedish species declining in the south. 
Cattle markets lower. Lean cattle, 
Scotch, Welsh, and Irish, in plenty, 
and store pigs. Fat pigs and lambs 
scarce and dear. Wool rather a ri- 
sing market. The farmers universal- ; 
ly engaged in threshing and sending' ' 
corn to market. 

ScoiLAND.— — The state of the^ 
weather during the month of Sep- 
tember has corresponded nearly with 
what it was during the four prece- 
ding months. It has been warm for 
that advanced period of the season, 
mild, and moist, without blast or 
Storm, but the sun has for most part 



Oct. 1.] 



CHiRONICLE. 



159 



been much obscured. The last six 
or eight days of August, and the 
first eight or ten days of September, 
were indc'cd the warmest, clearest, 
and the best weather this season, but 
it has, during the last three weeks, 
been grey, dark, and damp, with very 
little sunshine, and, except for two or 
three days, little rain compared with 
what usually falls at this time of the 
year.— Frost, the great thing now to 
be dreaded, has not yet done any 
harm worth notice. Every species 
of crop is truly abundant, as might 
well be expected in a season where 
the ground was properly dried in 
•eed time, the labour gotten well exe- 
cuted, and the whole summer and 
harvest more than ordinary propitious 
to vegetation ; where there has been 
no blast, no storms, no Lammas 
floods, no equinoctial gales, and 
where the frost, though frequent du 
ring the summer, only retarded the 
growth, but scarcely ever injured the 
tenderest plants. Wheat, which 
turns out lar above a medium crop, 
is now mostly reaped, and the great- 
est part of it secured in the barnyard. 
It has seldom been so free from blight, 
disease, or blemish, and the grain 
seems to be excellent. Barley and 
bear, (of which, however, there are 
now much less sown than formerly) 
perhaps never yielded a better re- 
turn, and as they were early they are 
mostly cut down, and the greatest 
part secured in the best possible 
condition. The meal of this valua- 
ble grain, well baked with potatoes, 
now forms a substitute for bread 
or flour, not only jn tradesmen's fami- 
lies, but at the tea-tables of people of 
superior rank. Oats never grew more 
luxuriant than in the present season, 
and part of that species of crop has 
now reached the sickle, and some of 
it in the bam yard, in the best possi- 



ble plight, yellow ripe, well grained, 
no way dasced or wasted, and every 
way to the wish of the husbandman. 

The season has been favourable to 
the very important operations of sum- 
mer fallow ; and the wheat after that 
preparation has been sown at the plea- 
sure and convenience of the farmer, 
and in better condition than common 
in this chmate. 

The markets have fallen more du- 
ring the last two weeks than they 
ever did in so short a penod. Oat- 
meal, which lately sold at from 3s. to 
3s. ^d. has now fillen to from 2j. to 
28. 2d. a peck. The potatoe crop i« 
so very abundant, that they can 
scarcely be expected to sell at their 
real value ; but the fall in the price 
of the oatmeal hds been greater and 
more sudden than could have been ex- 
pected. This change affords ground 
of consolation to the poor, and to the 
mechanics and labourers, who have 
experienced a season uncommonly se- 
vere, from the extreme dearth and 
their reduced incomes ; and to which 
they have, with very few exceptions, 
submitted with a degree of fortitude 
and resignation truly commendable. 



OCTOBER. 



1st. — Some days ago a most dis- 
tressm;^ accident happeied in the 
neighbouthood of Perth. A boy, 
who was empKiyed in keep! ig the 
cattle of a farmer near Rossie, had 
tied the hulter of a young horse, 
which he had in his charge, round 
his bony, and the horse being startl-^d, 
ran off with a violence which was in- 
creased by finding somethmg drag- 
ging behind him. Every attempt 
that was made to stop him only rea- 



160 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Oct. I. 



dered him more furious, and when 
this was at last accomplished, the 
body of the boy was found to be al- 
most literally dashed to pieces. 

Drury Lane. — The new theatre 
opened on Saturday night, with the 
tragedy of Hamlet, and the entertain- 
ment of the Devil to Pay. When the 
curtain drew up the whole corps dra- 
matique came forward and sung God 
save the King, which was followed 
by Rule Britannia, both of which 
were received with the loudest ap- 
plause. Mr EUiston then delivered 
an address, as preferred by the com- 
mittee to the many others received, 
written by Lord Byron. 

A very curious and singular spe- 
cies of disturbance took place at this 
theatre on Wednesday and Thursday 
nights ; from which it would appear, 
that the literati, who sent in address- 
es, pursuant to the advertisement of 
the sub- committee, are not satisfied 
with the decision of the judges. On 
Wednesday, after the comedy of the 
Hypocrite, Mr Busby, son of Dr 
Busby, the translator of Lucretius, 
forced his way from the pit upon the 
stage, for the purpose of reciting an 
address written by his father. A 
very great uproar was the immediate 
consequence ; but the young gentle- 
man refused to quit his post, and en- 
deavoured " to gain a hearing from 
the cruel audience." This, however, 
he could not effect. Mr Raymond 
then came forward, and strove to 
persuade him to leave the stage ; but, 
as his representations were ineffectu- 
al, a couple of peace-officers were 
called in, who bore him from the 
stage in custody, amidst a tumult of 
hibscs, mingled with expressions of 
approbation. The farce of the Bee 
Hive commenced, and experienced 
great opposition at first ; this, how- 
ever, soon died awav, and the even- 



ing's performance met with no fur- 
ther interruption. 

On Thursday night the business 
of the stage experienced a similar in- 
terruption from Dr Busby himself, 
who informed his friends, in the course 
of the afternoon, by a circular letter, 
that he intended to make a public ap- 
peal to the justice of the audience. 
This caused an overflow, not only of 
the house, but the lobbies and every 
avenue thereunto, and he accordingly 
attempted an harangue from one of 
the boxes, in which he stated that he 
thought respectfully of Lord Byron's 
address, but he could show them 
something better of his own ; all he 
demanded was justice, a fair hearing, 
and British liberality. This was re- 
ceived with a mixture of approbation 
and hisses ; when, unfortunately for 
the orator, the overture commenced, 
and he was obliged to desist. The 
audience, however, not choosing to 
be deprived of their sport, determi- 
ned that he should proceed, and on 
Mr Home appeanng he was hiss- 
ed off the stage. Mr Raymond then 
came forward, and asked if the audi- 
ence were desirous of the farce going 
on, which was answered in the affir- 
mative ; but scarce a word of it could 
be heard ; and at the fall of the cur- 
tain the doctor was again called for, 
and, after a multitude of obeisances, 
commenced his oration. 

" I have a strong, a powerful mo- 
tive (said he) for requesting your at- 
tention. I am a friend to this thea- 
tre. I wish to open the way to su- 
per excellence, to bring forward strong 
and powerful talent instead of letting 
it sink to oblivion. My son is now 
in the house, with an address which 
I had prepared for the opening of 
this theatre, and nothing would be a 
greater pride and satisfaction to me 
than that he should be allowed by tht 



Oct. 1.] 



CHRONICLE. 



161 



managers to rehearse it on the stage, 
if you will give him leave.'* 

This was immediately acceded to 
with loud and reiterated bursts of 
applause. 

Mr Busby then began, and if the 
distinctness of his elocution had been 
equal to the energy of his gesture, 
Lord Byron must have " hid his di- 
minished head ;" but by pecuHar ill- 
fortune, with the exception of the 
first lines, in consequence of the up- 
roar, and the weakuess of the voice 
of the reciter, the rest was left to 
imagination. They were as fol- 
low : — 

When energising objects men pursue, 
What are the prodigies they cannot do ? 

The audience listened, but the re- 
citer was still inaudible ; and proba- 
bly their disappointment would have 
been strongly visited on the h ad of 
this new performer, but for the ap- 
pearance of another exhibitor, who, 
after expostulating with him on the 
weakness of his voice, was proceeding 
to make a speech for himself, when 
he was silenced by a roar which 
would have overpowered the most in- 
veterate self-love ; and the orator 
■was at length compelled to give up 
his task. The audience now grew 
satia ed. Mr Raymond came for- 
ward, and after observing that all 
performances on that stage required 
the previous licence of the lord cham- 
berlain, requested to know whether 
the pleasure of the house had not 
been sufficiently complied with He 
was universally answered in the affir- 
mative : then approaching Mr Busby 
with a profusion of bows, he took 
his arm, and with a happy mixture of 
argument and entreaty, forcible per- 
suasion and gentle violence, led him 
off the stage. The audience imme- 
diately retired 

The successful address written by 

VOL. V. PART ir. 



Lord Byron will be found in the poe- 
tical department ; the following is Dr 
Busby's ! 

When energising objects men pursue, 

What are the prodigies they cannot do ? 

A magic edifice you here survey. 

Shot from the ruins of the other day 

As Harlequin had smote the slumbrous 
heap, 

And bade the rubbish to a fabric leap. 

Yet at the speed you'd never be amazed. 

Knew you the zeal with which the pile 
was raised ; 

Nor ever here your smiles would be re- 
pr;st, 

Knew you the rival Jtame that fires our 
breast ; 

Flame ! fire and flame I sad heart-appalling 
sounds. 

Dread metaphors, that ope our healing 
wounds — 

A sleeping pang awake— and — But away 

With all reflections that would cloud the 
day 

That this triumphant, brilliant prospect 
brings ; 

Where Hope, reviving, re-expands her 
wings ; 

Where generous joy exults — ^where du- 
teous ardour springs. 
Oft on these biiards we've proved — N© 
— not these boards — 

The exalting sanction your applause af- 
fords ; 

Warm with the fond remembrance, every 
nerve 

We'll strain, the future honour to deserve; 

Give the great work our earnest strenuous 
hand. 

And (since new tenements new brooms de- 
mand) 

Rich novelty explore ; all merit prize. 

And court the living talents as they rise: 

Th illustrious dead revere — yet hope to 
show. 

That modern bards with ancient genius 
glow. 

Sense we'll consult, e'en in our farce and 
fun. 

And without steeds our patent stage shall 

run ; 
Self- actuated whirl — nor you deny, 
While you're transported, that you gaily 

fly; 

Like Milton's chariot, that it lives — it 

feels 
And races from the spirit in the wheels 

I, 



W2 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. (Oct. 2. 



If mighty things with small we may 
compare. 

This spirit drives Britannia's conquering 
car, 

Burns in her ranks — and kindles every 
tar. 

Nelson displayed its power upon the main, 

And Wellington exhibits it in hpain ; 

Another Marlborough, points to Blen- 
heim's story, 

And with its lustre blends his kindred 
glory. 

In arms and science long our isle hath 
shone. 

And Shakespeare — ^wonderous Shakespeare 
— rear'd a throne 

For British Poesy — whose powers inspire 

The British pencil and the British lyre. 

Her we invoke ! — her sister arts implore ; 

Their smiles beseech whose charms your- 
selves adore. 

These, if we win, the graces too we gain, — 

Their dear, beloved, inseparable train ^ 

Three who were witching airs from Cu- 
pid stole. 

And Three acknowledged sovereigns of 
the soul ; 

Harmonious throng! with nature blend- 
ing art ! 

Divine Sestetto ! warbling te the heart ; 

For Poesy shall here sustain the upper part. 

Thus lifted, gloriously we'll sweep along. 
Shine in our znusic, scenery, and song ; 
Shine in our farce, masque, opera, and 

play. 
And prove Old Drury has not had her day. 
Nay more — so stretch the wing, the world 

shall cry. 
Old Drury never, never soared so high. 
" But hold (you'll say) this self-complacent 

boast ; 
Easy to reckon tlius without your host." 
True, true, — that lowers at once our 

mounting pride ; 
'Tis yours alone our merit to^ecide ; 
'Tis ours to look to you — ^you hold the 

prize 
That bids our great, our best ambition rise, 
A double blessing your rewards impart, 
Each good pro^noe, and elevate the heart. 
Our twofoidfeelingowns its twofold cause, 
Your bounty's comfort — rapture your ap- 
plause ; 
When in your fost^ng beam you bid us 

live. 
You give the means of life, and gild the 
means you give. 



2d.-A correspondent in Montrose 
has furnished us with the foUowingin- 
formation : — It is a fact, not general- 
ly known, that the American Com- 
modore Rudgers is a Scotchman. 
About twenty years ago, his father 
rode with the mail, then carried on 
horseback, between Montrose and 
Arbroath. The cowjnorfore was bred 
a baker in Montrose, but left that 
business early, and went to sea ; and 
being soon after pressed into our na- 
vy, he took the first opportunity of 
deserting, and entered into the Ame- 
rican service, where he has gradually 
risen to the station he now holds. It 
was on his desertion from the British 
navy that he assumed liis mother's 
name, Rodgers, his own name being 
Gray. 

An Armenian diamond merchant, 
nanied Bohljat, was on the 2d of Ju- 
ly attacked by four robbers, near 
Manheim, who, after stripping him 
of a bag containing several diamonds, 
cut his throat, and threw his body 
into the Rhine. The water being 
shallow, some fishermen descried 
Bohljat, and carried him, in a state 
of insensibility, into the city, where 
a skilful surgeon sewed up his wound. 
On his convalescence, he made depo« 
sition of the robbery before a magis- 
trate, and described one of the per- 
sons who had used him so barbarous- 
ly to be hare-lipped. The magis- 
trate departed, and shortly after re- 
turned in company with M. Folsche, 
an eminent jeweller, whom Bohljat 
recognised to be one of the robbers. 
What renders the circumstance more 
remarkable is, that Bohljat had let- 
ters of recommendation to Folsche, 
who, apprised of his being on the 
road, thus way-laid and attempted to 
assassinate his intended guest. The 
diamonds have been since found in 
Folsche's house, and restored to the 



Oct. 3—7.] 



CHRONICLE. 



16S 



Armenian-they are valued at 18,000L 
sterling.-Bohljat brought them from 
Persia to Russia, but, despairing of 
a sale there, on account or the war, 
was proceeding to Paris for a pur- 
chaser. 

3d — London The 18th bulle- 
tin of the French army received to- 
day contains an account of a tremen- 
dous battle fought at Borodino ; in 
which both French and Russians 
claim a victory. The Russians, how- 
ever, maintained the field, from 
whence the French retreated up- 
wards of nine miles. A more sangui- 
nary contest has not taken place since 
the commencement of Buonaparte's 
bloody career. On the 5th of Sep- 
tember, the two armies came in con- 
tact at a village called Moskwa, be- 
tween Ghjat and Mojaisk. Here the 
Russians lost an important redoubt. 
On the 6th, they were reconnoitred 
by the enemy, and on the 7th the 
battle commenced. On the morning 
of the 7th, Buonaparte attempted to 
carry the Russian line by main force ; 
and at eight, he avers that he had 
succeeded. " Then," says he, " the 
advantage of position which the ene- 
my's batteries had enjoyed for two 
hours now belonged to us ; the para- 
pets which had been occupied against 
us during the attack, were now to 
our advantage." The Russians, un- 
dismayed by the loss of their batte- 
ries, determined to attempt the reco- 
very of them. It was in this renova- 
tion of the battle, wherein the Rus- 
sians became the assailants, that they 
chiefly suffered. " They stood for 
two hours," says the bulletin, " in 
close order, against the chain-shot, 
unwilling to retire, and renounce the 
hope of victory. The King of Na- 
ples decided their uncertainty ; he 
penetrated through the breaches 
which the cannoft-shot had made in 



their condensed masses, and dispersed 
them on all sides." About two o'- 
clock in the afternoon the battle end- 
ed. The French state the total loss 
of the Russians in killed, wounded, 
and prisoners, at 40,000 men, and 
their own at 10,000. 

4th. — The King. — Yesterday the 
following bulletin was shewn, at St 
James's Palace : — 
" Windsor Castle, October 3, 1812. 

•' The king has suffered no fresh 
accession of his disorder since the 
last monthly report, and has conti- 
nued nearly in an uniform state." 
( Signed as usuaL ) 

7th. — Capture of the Ameri- 
can General Hull and his 
Army. — Advices were received by 
government on Tuesday, communi- 
cating the failure of the expedition 
against Upper Canada, and the cap- 
ture of the American General and 
his whole army. The Park and 
Tower guns were fired on the receipt 
of this gratifying;intelligence, and the 
following bulletin published : — 

" Colonial Department. 

»* Downing Street, 6th Octo- 
ber, 1812—6 A. M, 

" Captain Coore, aide-de-camp to 
•Lieutenant-General Sir George Prevost, 
is just arrived with dispatches from that 
officer, dated Montreal, 36th August and 
1st September, 1812. 

" They announce the successful ter- 
mination of the campaign in Upper Ca- 
nada, by the surrender of Fort Detroit, 
33 pieces of cannon, and the whole of 
the American army under the command 
of General Hull, on the 16th of August, 
to his majesty's forces, commanded by 
Major-General Brock. The officers and 
men are prisoners of war. 

" The loss of the British, in the ac- 
tions which preceded the surrender, is 
trifling, being only three men killed, and 
two officers untl thirteen njen wounded. 



m 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Oct. l6. 



" The names of the officers wounded 
are Captain Muif, and Lieutenant Su- 
therland, of th 41st regiment." 

10th. Moscow was given up 

after holding a council of war, at 
which only one general was of opini- 
on that the capital ought to be de- 
fended. 

Immediately after his entry, Buo- 
naparte hastened to make his pro- 
posals for peace. Prince Kutusoff 
replied, " hitherto it has been your 
share to act ofFetisively ; it now comes 
to my turn to do so.'" On the 9th, 
10th, 11th, and 1 2th September 
every thing was carried off, and gone 
from thence. The proviiions for the 
iarmed people in Moscow, were all in 
boats ready to depart at the first sig- 
nal. 

The armed population of Mos- 
cow, 60,000 men strong, marched 
out of that city with Count Rostop- 
chin. 

Curious Elopement. — A young 
i/fToman in the South Street of Perth, 
after a courtship of seven years, and 
being publicly proclaimed on Sunday 
the ith inst. with a shoemaker, in 
Powmarium, was last week married 
to a private of the Renfrewshire mi- 
litia, presently stationed in the bar- 
rack" of Perth, to the no small vexa- 
tion and disappointmentof poor Cris- 
pin, who immediately raised a process 
of damages against her bifore the 
sheriff The young wife, however, 
grown tired of the soldier, ran off on 
Monday se'ennight to Edinburgh, 
with her old lovir the cobler, to be 
married, and left the son of Mars to 
experience some of that poignant grief 
and dr'^appointmeiit, which had so 
recently been the lot cf Crispin. 

11th. — Fatal Accident. — New- 
castle.' — Robert Armstrong, ajoin- 
er, residing at a public house at Mar- 
tin, in Cleveland, kept by William 



Webster, thought proper, unsolici- 
ted, to ask a companion to let him 
down by the bucket, into Webster's 
well, which is about 60 feet deep, 
but only two in water, to bring up 
two wooden dishes which had been 
in the well for near five months. He 
had not been lowered more than 30 
feet, before he fell out of the budket 
into the well ; his companion conti- 
nued to lower the bucket to the wa- 
ter, and called to him, but obtained 
no answer. An alarm was given, 
when James Ingledew, of Martin, 
blacksmith, was lowered down in the 
bucket, without being tied to a rope, 
which he refused to have done, in 
order to save Armstrong, if possible. 
He was scarcely lowered 20 feet, be- 
fore he fell in like manner, A ladder 
was then procured, and Joseph Te- 
nison, of Martin, a labourer, was im- 
mediately, at his own request, lowered 
by the ladder into the well, to endea- 
vour to save the other two : when he 
had been lowered a few yards, he was 
observed to fall on the side of the 
ladder senseless. It now occurred to 
the by-standers, but not before, that 
the cause of these disasters arose from 
foul air in the well ; when a fourth 
man, William Hardwich, of Martin, 
labourer, went down on the ladder 
from which Joseph Tenison had fall- 
en senscltss into the well, with a rope 
tied round him. Harwich had not 
gone down more than 12 feet before 
he became senseless, and fell, when 
he was immediately hauled up, and 
on his arrival at the top of the well 
was black in the face, and apparent- 
ly dead, but soon after recovered. 
Every effort was now used by a num- 
ber of men with grappling-irons, but 
without effect, to bring up the three 
bodies. A well-sinker was then sent 
for, who endeavoured to take out the 
foul air, with which the well was 



Oct. 13.] 



CHRONICLE. 



165 



filled, but in vain. An improvement 
was then suggested and made in the 
grappling irons, when, after much 
difficulty, the three bodies were 
brought up to the top. A surgeon 
cxamuied them, and found them to 
have been dead for several hours. A 
coroner's inquest has since sat on the 
bodies, and their verdict was — " Ac- 
cidental death, by suffocation in the 
well from foul air." Jngledew has 
has left a widow and five children 
To this melancholy narrative, it may 
be proper to add, that no person 
should venture down a well of any 
depth, before he tries whether a can- 
dle will burn down to the water or 
not. If a candle will burn, he may 
go down with safety ; if not, it is cer- 
tain death. The foul air, the carbo- 
nic acid gas of chemistry, is heavier 
than atmospheric air, and always 
sinks to the bottom. It may be 
drawn out of the well by a bucket, 
in the same manner as water. 

The latter end of the month of Au- 
gust, at an early hour in the morning, 
a bird was observed on a tree at a 
gentleman's house at Byrt ; a clown 
who lived about the house as servant, 
mistook it for a hawk that had come 
to kill young fowl, and shot it, when 
it proved to be a beautiful green par- 
rot, and had round its neck a gold ring, 
on which was engraved, " Captam 
Packenham, of his majesty's ship Sal- 
danha." A person in an adjoining 
field was listening to the bird when 
it was shot, and thought it was at- 
tempting to speak either the Spanish 
or French language What seems 
extraordinary is, that the bird had 
not been seen in any part of the coun- 
try before that morning, though the 
vessel from which it must have esca- 
ped was lost on the 4th December 
last, off Lough Swiily. The place 
ivhere it was killed was about 20 
4 



miles from the wreck. Poor poll and 
a dog were the only survivors from 
that ill-fated ship and her gallant 
crew. 

13th.— Coroner's Inquest. — On 
Wednesday and Thursday last an in- 
quest was taken by the coroner of 
Portsmouth, on the body of Lieute- 
nant Jiihn Bagnell, of the marines, 
who was mortally woundtd in a duel 
by Lieutenant William Stuart, of 
the same corps, on South Sea Com- 
mon, on the morning of Thursday, 
the 8th instant, of which wound he 
languished until Saturday the 10th, 
when h_ died. 

Thomas and Jane Haines deposed, 
that the deceased was brought to their 
cottage, and that a pistol ball was 
extracted from him by a surgeon. The 
ball entered the right side, near the 
arm-pit, and was taken out of the 
left shoulder. Lieutenant B. was 
subsequently conveyed to his lodg- 
ings, in Hambrock row, in a post- 
chaise. Whilst he was proceeding 
to the cottage, he said to the gentle- 
man who assisted hiin (Lieutenant 
John O'Hanlon), «'John, he never 
came bdck to say he was sorry for 
it." The gentleman answered "No." 
When lying on the bed, he said, *• I 
am sorry for you. Jack ;" and they 
both shed tears — lie also said ♦• I 
discharged my pistol, didn't 1 ?" to 
which Lieutenant O'Hanlon replied, 
•' Yes, you did." 

A. Aubell, who nursid Lieutenant 
Bagnell, deposed, that she had muck 
conversation with him, and that he 
said he had been woundtd in a duel 
with Mr Stuart, and that he wiuiid 
havt= made it up on the ground, but 
Mr Stuart was not agreeable. 

Lieutenant Day, of the mariner, 
deposed, that having received a mes- 
sage from Lieutenant Stuart, who 
wished to see him, he waited upon 



16& EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Oct. IS 



him. He met him at the door of hia 
lodging-house in Stone-street, and 
was instantly saluted with the follow- 
ing words, or to the effect — " Day, 
I am the most miserable wretch!" 
After Lieutenant Day had expressed 
his sorrow on the occasion, Lieute- 
nant S. entered into the particulars 
of a dispute which had recently ta- 
ken place between him and the de- 
ceased. He stated, that as he was 
about to leave Mr Bagnell, at his 
lodging, he (Stuart) observed that 
he should make a call on some one 
{a female whom they both visited is 
here alluded to), and Mr Bagnell 
immediately answered, "You will not 
be received." That Mr S. then said, 
*' How do you know I shall not be 
received ?" Upon which Mr B. re- 
plied, that he would not allow him- 
self to be impertinently catechised. 
Mr Stuart rejoined, that he would 
not allow himself to be bullied. 
Bagnell then exclaimed, ** What ! 
call me bully in my house ! walk out 
of it." That Mr S. thereupon went 
towards the door, and Mr B. follow- 
ed him, with his hand touching, or 
nearly touching, his great coat This 
induced Stuart to say, " Don't touch 
me, Bagnell, for that never can be 
made up ;" and when he had got 
into the street, Stuart told Bagnell 
he should hear from him ; that Bag- 
nell, moving his hand to and fro, 
said, " Go along, go along ;" that 
Stuart, in the course of his conversa- 
tion with Lieutenant Day, said, he 
was very glad to hear Bagnell's 
wound was not mortal, and that he 
was hkely to recover. — Stuart also 
said, that Bagnell?s first ball passed 
very near him. 

Lieutenant Jessop, of the marines, 
deposed, that on returning to his 
lodgings on Friday afternoon last, he 
found them occupied by Lieutenant 



W. Stuart, who appeared very much 
agitated, and said, " Jessop, am not 
I a wretched fellow ? I never shall 
enjoy a moment's peace of mind as 
long as I Hve." That, after Lieute- 
nant Stuart had told him the cause 
of the quarrel, he said, Bagnell must 
blame himself for what had happen- 
ed, in being obstinate, and refusing to 
make an apology ; that Stuart, how- 
ever, shewed great distress of mind ; 
he said it should be a lesson to him 
as long as he lived ; and that, in fu- 
ture, whatever affront he might re- 
ceive, or even if he was struck, he 
would not be induced to fight a duel 
again ; but would rather verify the 
text in Scripture — " That if he recei- 
ved a blow on one cheek, he would 
offer the other to be struck also." 
This deponent was part of two days 
in the house with Lieutenant S. and 
he constantly evinced his great dis- 
tress of mind and sorrow for the state 
of his poor friend Bagnell, as he call- 
ed him. 
Declaration of War against 
America. 
At the Court of Carlton- house, Octo- 
ber, 13, \S\2, present. 

His Royal Highness the Prince Regent 
ip council. 

Wliereas, in consequence of informa- 
tion having been received of a declaration 
of war by the government of the United 
States of America against his majesty, 
and of thp issue of letters of marque and 
reprisal by the said government, against 
his majesty and his subjects, an order in 
council, bearing date the 3 1st of Jujy 
last, was issued, directing that American 
ships and goods should be brought in and 
detained till further orders ; and whereas 
his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, 
acting in the name and on the behalf of 
his majesty, forbore at that time to direct 
letters of marque and reprisal to be issu- 
ed against the ships, goods, and citizens 
of the said United States of America, 
under the expectation that the said go- 



Oct. 13.] 



CHRONICLE. 



167 



vemment would, upon notification of tlie 
order in council of the 23d of June last, 
forthwith recall and annul the said de- 
claration of war against his majesty, and 
also annul the said letters of marque and 
reprisal. 

And whereas the said government of 
the United States of America, upon due 
notification to them of the said order in 
council of the 23d of June last, did not 
think fit to recall the said declaration of 
war and letters of marque and reprisal, 
but have proceeded to condemn, and 
persisted in condemning the ships and 
property of his majesty's subjects as 
prize of war, and have refused to ratify 
a suspension of arms agreed upon between 
Lieutenant-General Sir George Prevost, 
bis majesty's governor-general of Canada, 
and General Dearborn, commanding the 
American forces in the northern provinces 
of the United States, and have directed 
hostilities to be recommenced in that 
quarter. 

His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, 
acting in the name and on the behalf of 
his majesty, and with the advice of his 
majesty's privy council, is hereby pleased 
to order, and it is hereby ordered, that 
general reprisals be granted against the 
ships, goods, and citizens of the United 
States of America, and others inhabit- 
ing within the territories thereof (save 
and except any vessels to which his ma- 
jesty's licence has been granted, or which 
have been directed to be released from 
the embargo, and have not terminated 
the original voyage on which they were 
detained and released), so that as well 
his Qiajesty's fleets and ships, as also all 
other ships and vessels that shall be com- 
missioned by letters of marque or general 
reprisals, or otherwise by his majesty's 
commissioners for executing the office of 
lord high admiral of Great Britain, shall 
or may lawfully seize all ships, vessels, 
and goods belonging to the government 
of the United States of America, or the 
citizens thereof, or others inhabiting 
within the territories thereof, and bring 
the same to judgment in any of the courts 
of admiralty within his majesty's domi- 
tiions ; and to that end his majesty's ad- 
vocate-general, with the advocate of the 



admiralty, are forthwith to prepare th& 
draught of a commission, and present the 
same to his Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent at this board, authorising the 
commissioners for executing the office of 
lord high admiral, or any person or per- 
sons by them empowered and appointed, 
to issue forth and grant letter* of marque 
and reprisals to any of his majesty's sub- 
jects, or others whom the said commis- 
sioners shall deem fitly qualified in that 
behalf, fort he apprehending, seizing, and 
taking the ships, vessels, and goods be- 
longing to the government of the United 
States of America, or the citizens there- 
of, or others inhabiting within the coun- 
tries, territories, or dominions thereof 
(except as aforesaid), and that such pow- 
ers and clauses be inserted in the said 
commission as have been usual, and are 
according to former precedents ; and his 
majesty's advocate-general, with the ad- 
vocate of the admiralty, are also forth- 
with to prepare the draught of a com- 
mission, and present the same to his 
Royal Highness the Prince Regent at this 
board, authorising the said t ommissioners 
for executing the office of lord high admi> 
ral to will and require the high court of 
admiralty of Great Britain, and the lieu- 
tenant and judge of the said court, his 
surrogate or surrogates, as also the seve- 
ral courts of admiralty within his majes- 
ty's dominions, to take cognisance of, 
and judicially proceed upon all and all 
manner of captures, seizures, prizes, and 
reprisals of all ships and goods that are or 
shall be taken, and to hear and determine 
the same, and, according to the course of 
admiralty and the laws of nations, to ad- 
judge and condemn all such ships, ves- 
sels, and goods as shall belong to the 
government of the United States of Ame- 
rica, or the citizens thereof, or to others 
inhabiting \*ithin the countries, territo- 
ries, and dominions thereof (except as 
aforesaid); and that such powers and 
clauses be inserted in the said commis- 
sion as have been usual, and are accord- 
ing to former precedents ; and they are 
likewise to prepare and lay before his 
Royal Highness the Prince Regent, at 
this board, a draught of such instructions 
as may be proper to be sent to the courts 
6 



168 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. fOcT. 13i 



of admiralty in his majesty's foreign go- 
•vernmeats and plantations, for their gui- 
dance herein, as also another draught of 
instructions for such ships as shall be 
commissioned for the purpose above- 
mentioned. 

His Royal Highness the Prince Regent 
is nevertheless pleased liereby to declare, 
in the name and on the behalf of his ma- 
jesty, that nothing in this order contain- 
ed shall be understood to recall or affect 
the declarafion which his majesty's naval 
commander on the American station has 
been authorised to make to the govern- 
ment of the United States of America — 
namely, that his royal highness, animated 
by a sincere desire to arrest the calami- 
ties of war, has authorised the said com- 
mander to sign a convention, recalling 
and annulling, from a day to be named, 
all hostile orders issued by tl.'e respective 
governments, with a view of restoring, 
■without delay, the relations of amity and 
commerce between his majesty and the 
United States of America. 

From the court at Carlton-house, the 
thirteenth of October one thousand 
eight hundred and twelve. 
Castlereagh Liverpool 

N. VansITTART BATHUKSr 

Charles Lokg Melville 

SlDMOUTH. 

A child, who lately began to learn 
to read, in the charity school at Green- 
ford, was among other words spelling 
M,I,L,K which he could not imme- 
diately put together to say what they 
spelt, when the master said, " Well, 
child, what does M,I,L,K, spell'" — 
The boy still hesitating, the master 
again said, " Why, what does your 
mother put in her tea ?" — *' Rum, 
Sir," replied the boy. 

Foreign-Office, October 15. 
Accounts have been this morning 
received from General Viscount Cath- 
cart, dated St Petersburgh, Septem- 
ber 22, and stating to the following 
effect :— 



Marshal Prince Kutusow having 
withdrawn his army from before Mos- 
cow, the enemy entered it on the 
H<th. But the emperor of Russi:^ 
has determined to persevere, and re- 
fuse every overture to negociate, di- 
rect or indirect. 

By every account, the French lost 
40,000 men in the battle of Borodino, 
and retreated 13 versts. Two days 
after the battle, Kutusow retired a 
short distance on the Moscow road ; 
he then endeavoured to find a posi- 
tion more tenable near Moscow ; but, 
such not being to be found, he reti- 
red, after a council of war, to a strong 
position, leaving the enemy to enter 
the city, which was in fla'nes in all 
parts, but whether set on fire by the 
French, or by the Russians previous 
to their evacuation of the place, is 
and will remain undecided. The fol- 
lowing is the account given in thp 
French papers. 

" Moscow, September 20, 

" Three hundred incendiaries have 
been arrested and shot : They were 
provided with fuses six inches long, 
which they had between two pieces 
of wood ; they had also squibs which 
they threw upon the roofs of the 
houses. The wretch, Rostopchin, 
had these prepared on the pretence 
that he wished to send a balloon full 
of combustible matter amidst the 
French army. He thus got together 
the squibs and other materials neceS" 
sary for the execution of his project. 

*' The fires subsided on the 19th and 
20th ; three quarters of the city are 
burned ; among other palaces, that 
beautiful one of Catharine, which 
had been newly furnished; — not a- 
bove one quarter of the houses re- 
main." 

Canterbury, Oct. 16. — Suicide.— 
Wednesday morning, between on9 au^ 



Oct. 16—20.] 



CHRONICLE. 



169 



two o'clock, a person of the name of 
William Gwin threw hinself from the 
window of an attic chamber, at the 
George Inn, in the High Street of 
this city, and fractured his skull, of 
which he immediately died. The fol- 
lowing are the circumstances, as re- 
lated before the coroner, by a young 
man who slept in the same room : — 
That he was awoke by a man huzza- 
ing, which alarmed him much, as no 
person was in the otner bed when he 
retired to rest ; that he listened in 
fear, and heard him repeating prayers 
for nearly half an hour, in his bed ; 
the man then got up, went to the 
window, and opened it ; he soon re- 
turned from thence, sat himself dowrr 
upon the foot of the bed, and drew 
a table near to him ; in this situation 
he prayed for some time ; then got 
up again, and went tg the window, 
put his knees on the window-board, 
and with his hands held each side of 
the frame, still praying and blessing 
his family, and concluded with ex- 
claiming — Here goes! here gO' s! and 
here ^oes ! throwing hmiself out at 
the last exclamation. The young man 
immediately went to the window, and 
saw him lying apparently lifeless on 
the ground, and alarmed the family. 
The latter part of his evidence was 
confirmed by a woman, who heard 
the last word, and saw him throw 
himself out. The jury had not the 
least doubt of insanity, and returned 
a verdict accordingly. 

20th. -Most horrible Murders. 
• — Wednesday was committed to Ex- 
eter jail Thomas Liscombe, labourer, 
charged with the wilful murder of 
Margaret Huxtable, at Dodbrooke, a 
child abcTut nine years of age, in Janu- 
ary last (for the discovery of the per- 
petrator of which the Prince Regent 
offered a reward of 200 guineas) ; 



also charged with the wilful murder 
of Sarah Ford, about sixty years of 
age, of the parish of North Huish, 
on the preceding Saturday. When 
brought to the Dartmouth Inn, Ply- 
mouth, he voluntarily confessed the 
murder of Sarah Ford, which he ef- 
fected by first beating her with a 
broom-stick, and cutting her neck 
with a wood-hook ; he then took 
from her 22s. 6d. threw a bag over 
her head, closed the window-curtain, 
went up stairs, broke open a box, 
took an entire suit of clothes belong- 
ing to the husband of the deceased, 
in which he dressed himself, left the 
house, after locking the door, and 
throwing away the key ; he then 
went to the river, where he sunk the 
whole of his own clothes, except his 
hat, which he left near the corpse of 
the woman. He was conducted to 
KingVbridge, with a view to ascer- 
tain if he was concerned in the mur- 
der of the child at Dodbrooke, on 
the 20th of January last, as he had 
been four times apprehended and ex- 
amined by a committee of gentlemen 
and magistrates, which had been form- 
ed for the purpose of investigating 
that foul deed, but had escaped for 
want of sufficient evidence. Tuesday 
morning, after requesting his uncle 
to be sent for, in his presence and 
that of the constable, he confessed 
the horrible act, by saying, " Well, 
1 did murder the child." Upon be- 
ing interrogated as to the particulars, 
he farther stated, that about 6 o'clock 
in the evening of the 20th of January 
last, iie met the child between Bell 
Cross and the Houses ; that he en- 
treated her to shew him the way to 
Sentry gate, and he would give her 
a penny ; she complied with his re- 
quest, and proceeded over the stone 
steps and the stile leadiflg to it j that 



110 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Oct. 20. 



in the second field he took her out of 
the path, went across that field into 
the next, where he attempted to vio- 
late her person, but could not effect 
it, in consequence of her cries and re- 
sistance ; he then took a stick from 
the hedge, struck her twice on the 
head, which he supposed to have 
stunned her, as she made no more 
noise or resistance ; afterwards he 
dashed her head to pieces with 
large stones, and it being dark, he 
says, to be certain she was quite dead, 
he felt with his hand, and found her 
brains were beaten out ; he stripped 
Jier of all her clothes but her stock- 
ings, which he intended to have taken 
away, but thinking them of little va- 
lue, left them in the same field, ex- 
cept the shift ; he then went to a 
pool, near Sentry-gate, washed his 
trowsers and his hands, and wiped 
them with the shift, which he threw 
into the hedge j he returned to his 
lodgings at Moreleighj at about half- 
past nine o'clock. 

He is a man of small stature, about 
five feet five inches high, walks lame 
of the left leg, lisps in his speech, 
sandy complexion, dark hair, and an 
aquiline nose, and has altogether a 
most unpleasant forbidding appear- 
ance. He strongly asserts he has no 
associate, but was the sole perpetra- 
tor of these bloody murders. 

Another horrid murder was com- 
mitted last Monday night at Long- 
ford, a small village near Market 
Drayton, Shropshire, (about ten 
miles distant from the place where 
Mrs Morrey and her servant murder- 
ed iMr Morrey) on the bodies of Mr 
Francis Bruce, a farmer, and his 
housekeeper, who were both found 
on Tuesday morning in their kitchen, 
■with their throats cut, and the house 
robbed. On Wednesday the co- 



roner's jury sat, but no discovery 
was made of the wretches who had 
perpetrated the deed, but it was sup- 
posed to have been done before eight 
o'clock in the evening, as they gene- 
rally retired early to bed. The blood 
had been traced on a stile and gate 
at Morton, a distance of about a 
mile. 

Wexford, Oct. 26. — Melancholy 
Event. — Early in the summer, a Mr 
Needham, an eminent architect, was 
employed to superintend a light- house, 
ordered by government to be erected 
on Tuskar Rock ; and for this pur- 
pose a number of experienced persons 
were sent down from Dublin, who, 
together with some people from this 
town likewise employed there, form- 
ed an aggregate of 25. They con- 
structed for their accommodation, on 
the north side.of the rock, near the 
place appointed for the structure, 
three small wooden houses ; for the 
better security of which, massy iron 
bars were inserted in the rock, and to 
these the houses were fastened down 
by chains of an enormous size. A- 
bout four o'clock on Monday morn- 
ing the hapless inmates were sudden- 
ly aroused by a wave breaking on the 
houses with a most tremendous crash, 
which was followed by others in quick 
succession, equally terrific ; and in- 
stantly the boards on which they slept 
began to float. At this direful pe- 
riod, the tide having nearly two hours 
and a half to flow, those poor half- 
dressed creatures were compelled to 
leave their huts, and fasten ropes to 
headers and stretchers (stones weigh- 
ing about a ton and a half each, pre- 
paring for thebuilding) to which they 
clung. Now the work of destruction 
commenced — the houses had not been 
forsaken more^han two minutes, when 
there was not a vestige of them to be 



Oct. 26—27.1 



CHRONICLE. 



Hi 



seen. The violence of the waves in- 
creased with the tide ; the ponderous 
stones above-mentioned were hurled 
about as if pebbles ; some of the per- 
sons made fast to them were killed, 
and others forced from their hold in- 
to the ocean. Some were so fortu- 
nate, while the waves were rebound- 
ing, as to gain the spot where the 
houses stood, and secure themselves 
by tying ropes to the bars in the rock. 
In this situation, the waves rolled ten 
feet over them. When the tide fell, 
and left that part of the rock dry, 
the survivors proceeded to fasten a 
cable as tight as possible to two ring 
bolts about thirty yards asunder, to 
which they bound themselves by small 
ropes round the waist ; but here at 
the rise of the net tide, they had near- 
ly the same horror to encounter, as 
the waves several times broke over 
them. At the fall of this tide they 
again united themselves, and sought 
shelter from the butment of the build- 
ing, where they were discovered about 
eleven o'clock on Wednesday morn- 
ing (by the boat employed to attend 
the rock, in consequence of the wea- 
therbecoming calmer), having remain- 
ed from two o'clock on Sunday, at 
which hour they dined, without any 
kind of sustenance. In the evening, 
ten of the unfortunate men were con- 
veyed to town, exhibiting a truly 
distressing appearance ; three were 
brought to the hospital, one of whom 
had his leg broken, and the others 
were much injured. In short, all 
suffered in some manner. 
American Waggery in the Announce 
of the Death of Cooke the Comedian. 
On Saturday morning, September 
26, took leave of this worldly stage, 
George Frederick Cooke, in the 57th 
year of his age. The celebrity of 
this universally excellent player has 
received the approbation of all ranks 



zn6.allcountries\mo public and exten- 
sive a manner, as to bid defiance to 
eulogium. We need only remark, 
that « The Man of the World" has 
quitted it for ever, Sir John now 
feigns not the sleep of death, and 
there may he in quiet lie till the last 
act, when " Richard will be himself 
again." — {Boston General Adverti- 
ser y October 2. ) 

27th. — Robbery of the Leeds 
Mail. — We have to announce one 
of the most extensive robberies of 
the mail that has occurred since the 
establishment of mail coaches — a plan 
which professed to give not only ad- 
ditional celerity, but also perfect secu- 
rity to the conveyance of letters. 
When the fact of the robbery reach- 
ed the Exchange, it got into general 
circulation, and produced a considera- 
ble degree of alarm and agitatioa 
throughout the city. At an early 
hour Mr Freeling, secretary to the 
general Post-office, gave information 
at the Mansion-house, where the de- 
position of the guard was taken. Last 
night, while the Leeds mail coach 
was proceeding at a sharp pace, be- 
tween Kettering and Higham Ferrers, 
the coachman spoke to the guard, 
and not being able, or pretending not 
to hear what he said in answer, re- 
quested that he would lean forwards 
over the coach. Theguird did so, 
and continued about five minutes in 
conversation with him, and on resu- 
ming his seat, found, to his astonish- 
ment, that the lock of the lid of the 
hind part of the coach where the 
bags are deposited had been forced. 
He instantly ordered the coach to be 
stopped, and communicated to the 
driver the extraordinary occurrence 
that had taken place, and his suspi- 
cions that more serious injury had 
been sustained. The coach having 
pulled up, the guard and the coach- 



1Y2 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Oct. 28* 



man proceeded to examine the depo- 
sitary of the mails, and missed no less 
than sixteen bags. — Leeds ; Brad- 
ford; Halifax; Man?field; Barnsley; 
Wakefield; Huddersfield ; Notting- 
ham ; Chesterfield ; Sheffield ; Ko- 
therham ; Melton Mowbray ; Ket- 
tering ; Thrapsion ; Oakham ; Up- 
pingham. 

The coachman also underwent a 
private examination, but the solicitor 
of the Post-office has taken the pre 
caution of preventing any part of the 
examination from being made public 
in thie early stage of a transaction in- 
volved in no ordinary mystery. 

It will perhaps be recollected, that 
a few years ago the Leeds mail 
coach, in its progress from town, 
was robbed near Barnet, but it being 
the evening of a fast day, there were 
scarcely any money or remittances in 
the bags — On the present occasion 
the amount is very great. 

Last week, as Lieutenant White, 
of the Royal Engineers, was riding a 
spirited horse, on the Maidstone road, 
the animal took fright, and ran away 
■with him ; Lieutenant White threw 
hifnself from the saddle, and unfortu- 
nately falling on his head, produced 
so violent a concussion, that he re- 
mained in the most dangerous situa- 
tion ; he is since dead. 

28th — -An affray unfortunately 
took place in the beginning of this 
month, in Holbeach Marsh, Lincoln- 
shire, when a labourer in the service of 
a Mr Wilders, was killed by the ser- 
vant of a Mr Cooper. The following 
are authentic particulars, as stated be- 
fore the coroner : — An inquest was 
held on Wednesday, the 7th instant, 
by S. Edwards, jun. gent, on the 
body of J. Dalmorc, labourer, a na- 
tive of King's County, Ireland, whose 
(death was thus occasioned. The 
y^ituesses examined were two wo- 



men who were present at the time 
the scuffle happened. Their evidence 
was pretty much alike ; both sta- 
ting, that Mr W. Wilders came into 
the field to call his labourers to go 
and assist him in getting his waggons 
along the road, to the creek where 
he was delivering his corn ; upon 
which occasion he desired them not 
to take their sickles with them, but 
to take a stick a- piece, in case Mr j 
Cooper's labourers should attack 1 
them ; but Mr W. begged them not ' 
to hurt any body. The deceased 
was passing alongside a waggon 
which Mr C. had placed across the 
road, close to a gate, to prevent Mr 
Wildfrs's teams from getting for- 
ward ; when one Alderman, a labour- 
er in the employ of Mr C. struck 
the unfortunate man over the head 
with a hodding spade, which made 
him stagger, and knocked his hat off. 
Alderman immediately repeated hia 
blow, by chopping Delmore on his J 
naked head with his weapon ; upon | 
which the women declared, they saw 
the blood, instantly following the 
blow, drop from the spade, and the 
unhappy victim of Alderman's fury 
fall on the ground. The jury ad- 
journed until Monday the liJth, that 
the evidence of some other persons \ 
might be produced ; when they again 
met, and returned a verdict of — fVii- 
Jul Mttrder against Alderman, who 
has since been committed to Lincoln 
Castle to take his trial. 

A female at Darmstadt lately poi- 
soned her own brother, through a 
principle of humanity and filial piety. 
— He was ill, and his recovery was 
despaired of by the physicians. The 
girl, seeing that her parents, who 
doated on him, were exhausting them- 
selves by their attendance and night- 
ly watchings, believed that it was me- 
ritorious to save theiu, and put th< 



Oct. 29.] 



CHRONICLE. 



ITS 



young man out of pain by adminis- 
tering opium to him. The mother, 
On discovering that he had been poi- 
soned by his sister, died in a state of 
distraction ; the father took to his 
bed, never sp(;ke again, and survived 
only a few days. — The daughter was 
convicted upon her own confession, 
and broken alive upon the wheel 

2iith.— On Monday, Rowland Pres- 
ton, charged with the murder of Fran- 
cis Bruce and his houn keeper, (see 
page 170) was brought before Mr 
Read, at Bow-Street, by William 
Smith, oneof theconductorsof the pa- 
trole belonging to this office, who ap- 
prehended hfm on Sunday at his lod- 
gings in Crown-street, Soho, under 
authority of a warf-ant from the magis- 
trates of the county where the offence 
was committed. The prisoner's per- 
son being identified by a person who 
came to London with the warrant, 
Mr Read ordered the prisoner to be 
conveyed to Market Drayton, pro- 
perly secured, under the care of that 
constable, and Smith, the conductor 
of the patrole, who apprehended him. 
Fashions. — Walking Dress -Ja.c- 
conot muslin dress, made rather below 
the knee, and open in front ; trimmed 
round with a rich worked muslin bor- 
der scolloped and laid on rather full ; 
waist moderately long, and a collar 
falling about a nail over the throat, 
which, as well as the sleeve, is edged 
with the same pattern trimming as 
the dress, but not more than half the 
width, the sleeve made very long and 
loose. Petticoat of jacconot mublin, 
trimmed to correspond with the dress. 
"White shawl, of the newly-invented 
silk and cotton twill, with a rich co- 
loured border thrown loosely over the 
shoulders. Cottage bonnet of yellow 
twilled sarsnet, lied under the chin 
with a large row of yellow ribband, 
ftmaU front; which displays a rich lace 



cap, a bunch of corn-flowers in front. 
Yellow kid sandals and gloves. 

Evening Dress. Demi-train of 

pale amber, white satin body, made 
tight to the shape, and very low in 
the bosom, which is square, and trim- 
med round with a puffing of rich lace ; 
between every puff a white silk small 
Spanish button, which has an extreme- 
ly elegant effect ; an epaulet sleeve, 
very short and full, with a double 
trimming of puffed lace, ornamented 
also with Spanish buttons. White 
satin sash, finished at the ends with 
a rich white silk fringe. Topaz neck- 
lace and ear-rings ; gold chain of ve- 
ry light and elegant workmanship, 
and a glass rather larger than they 
have lately been worn, fiair divided, 
on the forehead, and dressed very full 
on each temple; part of the front hair 
is brought over to the right side, and 
falls in loose ringlets in the neck ; 
elegant half wreath of artificial flow- 
ers composed of various coloured pre- 
cious stones. White and silver fan, 
white kid gloves, and white satin slip- 
pers, with a plaiting of ribband instead 
of rosette-'. 

General Observations. — The only 
novelty in head-dresses is the gipsey 
cap, the form of which is that of a 
small gipsey hat, but it is composed 
entirely of lace ; round the edge it is 
wired to keep it in shape, and trim- 
med so as to conceal the wire with a 
plaiting of net ; a small bouquet of 
artificial flowers in front, and an end 
of the lace, of which it is composed, 
falls to the right side ; it is worn 
very much on one side of the head. 
Short white and coloured silk boots 
still continue to be worn, and are 
slashed a-la- fVellington, the same as 
last month. SHppers made quite 
square across the instep, with a plat- 
ting of ribband, are just introduced, 
and promise to become general. I» 



174 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. COcx.Sl. 



jewellery, coloured stones are univer- 
sal. Fans are increasing in size. 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 
England. — It is but within the 
few last days of the month that the 
oat and bean harvest has been closed 
in the Fens of Lincoln and Cambridge- 
shire, and much of it has consequently 
been materially injured by the heavy 
rains to which it had been so longexpo- 
sed. Our reports of the general wheat i 
crop do not, we lament to state, pro- 
mise that average produce on which 
this country can safely depend for the 
necessary supply of its people. The 
northern counties yield abundance of 
bread corn ; but the southern, east- 
em, and midland districts, are found 
deficient, which, before the harvest, 
were expected to prove most produc- 
tive. Potatoes are generally abun- 
dant, but they are daily rising in price, 
from the supposed deficiency above 
stated. Much clover seed has been 
destroyed by the wetness of the sea- 
son, and considerable quantities are 
yet abroad. The wheat seed season 
has been a very varying and tedious 
one ; the clover-leys early sown were 
broke up with difficulty, and required 
much work to cover the seed ; and 
many of the low lands not sown be- 
fore the wet weather set in, remain 
in several counties yet unsown. Most 
of the seed got in early has planted 
well. The turnip crops are generally 
good on tender soils, but on heavy 
land they are so much bound by the 
rains, that the hoe has been of no ser- 
vice to them. Lean stock has had a 
fall in price, both in beasts and sheep, 
from an apprehension of spring feed 
becoming short. Hay taken the rise 
from the same cause. The meat mar- 
kets have been amply supplied through 
the month. Horses, of any size and 
thupe, are become scarce and dear, 



from the extensive demand for them 
for the cavalry service. The wool 
trade has experienced but little va- 
riation since our last report, except 
for the combing wool of cross-bred 
fleeces, which sells freely for more 
money. 

Scotland. — The weather during 
October has, like that of the fiveprece- 
ding months, been moderately warm, 
wet, and dark, without floods, frost 
or storms, so often experienced at 
this advanced period of the year, and 
with very little sunshine during the 
whole month. 

The wind blew so high on the 3d 
and 4fth as to threaten shaking, and, 
in some exposed situations where the 
corn was ripe, some slight damage 
was sustained ; but the heavy show- 
ers on the 4th prevented further in- 
jury. From that to the 17th, the 
weather was mild and damp, with 
very little wind or sunshine. From 
the 17th to the end of the month, 
the wind has blown most agreeably. 
Much rain has fallen. The weather 
has been so mild as still to ripen the 
green corn, but the sun has continued 
to be much obscured. 

The fears entertained, about the 
end of September, of the crop being 
blasted with frost, have been happily 
dispelled, and all the anxiety enter- 
tained about the ripening of the crop 
has been done away. The frosts, 
that some pretended to view with so 
much alarm, have done no harm de- 
serving of notice, and, notwithstand- 
ing the continued rains and dark wea- 
ther, during so much of the month 
of October, by far the greatest part 
of the crop has attained greater per- 
fection, and is better filled and ripen- 
ed, than commonly happens in this 
country. 

Some fields, on the verges of the 
moors, have not attained that degree 



Oct. si.] 



CHRONICLE. 



175 



of maturity that could have been wish- 
ed, and almost everywhere a few green 
stalks, raised in a season so long and 
«o uncommonly favourable to growth, 
have appeared among the ripe corn, 
and given the appearance of lateness 
to those who looked to the fields 
from a distance. But, whatever ef- 
fect these might have in the eyes of 
those who are strangers to agricul- 
ture, or handle to alarmists, every 
intelligent farmer will readily admit 
that, even where these green stalks 
have appeared, the great body of the 
crop was never sooner ripe, nor the 
grain more weighty, sound, and sub- 
stantial. 

The crop, to this day, is no way 
dashed or wasted, with storms, blasts, 
mildews, or frosts, and it seldom came 
to the sickle in greater abundance, or 
in more complete maturity. But, be- 
ing luxuriant, much of it has been 
lodged by the continued rains, and 
the weather has been very unfavoura- 
ble to the reaping, and still more to 
the inning, but no material damage 
has yet been generally sustained. 
Some com that was cut about the 
end of September or beginning of 
October, and has not yet been secu- 
red, especially under the cover of 
plantations, and other sheltered situa- 
tions, or where the corn had been 
much lodged, and wet when reaped, 
has no doubt been injured by sprout- 
ing, but the winds, during the last 
two weeks, have been favourable to 
the crop, and have, in a great mea- 
sure, where they could reach the 
stooks, put a stop to growing in the 
sheaf. Wherever the corn has been 
dry when reaped, and the stooks kept 
standing in the open field, germina- 
tion has not begun, and, upon the 
whole, it has not yet done the tenth 
part of the injury it did last year. 
On the val& of the Clyde, and 



other early grounds, by far the great- 
est part of the crop is secure in the 
barn-yard. On the grounds in great- 
er altitude, and of a medium quality, 
nearly the whole is reaped, but a very 
small proportion harvested ; and on 
the verges of the moors a small part 
remains uncut, and very little haa 
been got in. Perhaps few people li- 
ving ever saw so much of the crop ia 
the stook, and so little in the barn- 
yard. The greatest part of it, how- 
ever, since the wind came to blow sd 
agreeably, is by no means in so bad 
a condition as might have been ex- 
pected. A few hours of a piercing 
drought would, at any time during 
this month, have rendered the one 
half of the corn sufficiently dry for 
stacking. 

The labours of the harvest having 
occupied all hands, during this month, 
few having corn dry for the flail, and 
much of the crop being still exposed 
at hazard, and in the fields, the pri- 
ces have started from 2s. to 2s. 6d. 
and the market for the last two weeks 
has been but ill supplied. What they 
may ultimately settle at for the win- 
ter, it would be difficult to speak with 
certainty. This is no doubt far above 
a medium crop ; but as we have only- 
doubtful prospects of supply from the 
Baltic and America, and as our own 
grain has not for many years been 
adequate toourconsumption, even the 
great abundance which a bountiful 
providence has bestowed, is not, 
withoutimportation, sufficient to keep 
the markets low. 

The contrast between the spring 
and the summer and harvest quarter, 
regarding live stock, is remarkable. 
It was with difficulty, and at enor- 
mous expence, that cattle could be 
brought alive to the grass. They 
have since not only recovered their 
wonted good habit, but, to this very 



176 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 18l2. [Nov. 1. 



day, they fare well and have still a 
full bite. The produce of the dairy 
has been great ; and sheep and cattle 
fattening on pasture turn out well. 

The turnip crop promises to be 
abundant, and the young wheats look 
well. 

Lothian Report.— The weather 
this month has been such as in ordi- 
nary years would have been consi- 
dered tolerably good, but the crops 
being 8o late, and different weather 
wanted this season, of course it has 
been very backward and distressing, 
at the same time very expensive to 
the farmer, who has been obstructed 
by a short day, with long frosty night 
damps, from finishing the important 
works of harvest The first three 
weeks were of this description, the 
last ten days have been more favour- 
able, and a great quantity of grain 
has been earned home in the middle 
and upland parts of the county, 
though a large portion of the pease, 
and also some oats, are yet in the 
fields Wheat sowing is behind, by 
reason of the wet state of the ground, 
and the potatoes being so late in get- 
ting up, they being the ordinary pre- 
paratory crop for wheat in this dis- 
trict. Grain of the different kinds 
has gradually advanced in value since 
the first of the m.onth, and is now 8s. 
to 10s. per boll dearer ; what appears 
in the market is cold and light in the 
grains, being brought from the fields 
where it has been exposed to the late 
weather. There is no doubt that 
the best and heaviest kinds are stook 
cd, and will appear afterwards, and 
that, whenever the weather clears up, 
there will be a decline in price ; the 
potatoes are a full crop, but, from 
the excessive consumption of them 
these two months past, it is doubtful 
whether the stock be greater at pre- 
sent for future use than last year at 



this period, although the crop was 
much inferior to this. 

Lean stock is still on the decline, 
but upon fat inconsiderable. 



NOVEMBER. 



1st. — By the arrival of the India 
ships we have the following intelli- 
gence :— 

" Madras^ April 12. — A very da- 
ring attempt was made in the month 
of February, by the prisoners in the 
jail at Beckergunge, to escape from 
their confinement, which threatened ■ 
the most fatal consequences, and has I 
not terminated without much blood- 1 
shed. — Mr Battye, the magistrate, I 
on entering the Fouzdaree jail, to in- 
sp€ct it, as was his daily custom, was 
suddenly attacked by one of the pri- 
soners, who forcibly caught hold of 
his arms, whilst another, in endea- J 
vouring to seize him round the body, 1 
was knocked down by his servant. 
The only other person in attendance 
was a Burkundaz, who was prevent- 
ed from offering any assistance ; as, 
on the first signal, some of the con- 
victs rushed on him and wrenched the 
sword out of his hands : the man 
who obtained possession of it made 
several cuts at Mr Battye, and would 
in all probability have murdered him, 
but for the brave and intrepid con- 
duct of the soubahdar, who, on hear- 
ing a noise, hurried to the magis- 
trate's assistance, and, by receiving 
the blows which were aimed at Mr Bat- 
tye, succeeded in rescuing him ; but 
was himself so dreadfully cut on the 
head and body, as to be left on the 
ground for dead. In the meantime, 
some of the prisoners had set fire to 
the thatch of the jail, which was 
burnt to ashes j whilst others wound- 



Nov. 1.] 



CHRONICLE. 



111 



ing the sentries, and seieing their 
muskets, opened the gates, and a ge- 
geral attempt was made to escape. 
But the alarm had by this time 
spread, and the Sepoys from the 
lines were assembled : twelve of the 
prisoners, the most desperate, and in 
whom the outrage originated, were 
shot dead on the spot. Owing to the 
good conduct of the Sepoys and 
Burgundazes, the remaining prison- 
ers were without difficulty secured, 
and not a single man effected his 
escape ; the Soubahdar, a Havildar, 
and five Sepoys, however, were dan- 
gerously wounded. Eleven of the 
prisoners that were killed had been 
convicted of a dakytee at the Za- 
mindaree Kuclmree at Adampore ; 
the other was a Faqueer, who, about 
two years ago, attempted to wound 
the magistrate with a daw in public 
Kuehuree, and had since been con- 
fined as a madman. 
_^ On the night of the 15th ultimo, 
a most atrocious robbery was com- 
mitted at Mouza Govind Gunge, 
Pergunnah Moughowa, within the 
Zemindaree of Rajah Kishwur Singh, 
in which treasure to the amount of 
5450 rupees was carried off, four men 
were killed, fourteen wounded, and 
six lost their lives by fire. It appears 
that eighteen Piadas escorting 4000 
rupees in treasure, the property of 
Rajah Beer Kishwur Singh, arrived 
on the evening of the 15th ultimo, at 
Govind Gunge, on their way from 
Betteah to Chuprah, and deposited 
their charge at the house of one Ram 
Sahee CuTwar, where they were to 
pass the night ; jthat about ten o'- 
clock at night, a gang of robbers, 
consisting of about 200 men, set fire 
to Ram Sahee's house (in conse- 
quence of which six men were burnt 
to death,) and after killing and 
wounding eighteen otherB, succeeded 

VOr,. V. PART II. 



in carrying off the whole of the trea- ■' 
sure, belonging to Rajah Beer Kish- 
wur Singh, besides money and effects 
the property of other persons, a- 
mounting in value to 1600 rupees. — 
Through the active measures and in- 
defatigable exertions of Mr M'Leod, 
acting judge at Sarun, 46 of the gang 
have been apprehended, and from the 
disclosures which they have made, it 
is expected that the remainder will 
be speepily taken, and some serious 
robberies prevented, which the same 
gang had intended to commit. 

On Monday, the 25th ultimo, the 
Honourable Company's ship Dover 
Castle, Captain Richardson, bound 
to Madras, in attempting to work 
out from Saugor Roads, got aground, 
and lay for some time in a very dan- 
gerous situation ; but by the exer- 
tions of the officers and seamen on 
board, by the assistance promptly 
supplied by the Baring, and from 
three pilot schooners, and also from 
Saugor Island, the ship was floated 
off, after throwing overboard all her 
guns and a part of her cargo. We 
are happy to say that not a life was 
lost. The ship is very materially 
hurt, and is now on her return to 
Calcutta, for the purpose of being re- 
paired. She passed Kedgeree on 
Monday ; and will reach Diamond 
Harbour soon. 

HvDROPHOBiA.-On Tuesday, the 
5th of May, a Bheestie who had 
been bitten three weeks before in the 
leg, by a mad dog, was carried to the 
native hospital, about three o'clock 
in the afternoon, with the symptoms 
of hydrophobia strongly upon him. 
He was immediately bled to the ex- 
tent of forty ounces. The symptoms 
of the disease yielded in succession as 
the blood flowed ; and before the 
vein was closed, he stretched out his 
hand for a cup of water, and calmly 



178 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 1. 



drank it ofF, though the mere ap- 
proach of the water but a few mi- 
nutes before had thrown him into 
convulsions. 

After the bleeding, he lay down on 
a cot, fell asleep, and continued so 
for nearly two hours. When he 
awoke, the symptoms of the disease 
were threatniag to return ; another 
vein was then opened, and eight 
ounces more of blood were taken 
away, which so entirely subdued the 
disease, that he has not had a symp- 
tom of it since. 

A case lately published in the Ma- 
dras papers, as successfully treated 
by bleeding, mercury, and opium, by 
Mr Tymon, surgeon of his majesty's 
22d dragoons, led to the practice 
adopted in this instance ; and which 
it is highly gratifying to remark, has 
even been more successful than on 
"the former occasion ; the cure in the 
latter case having been almost instan- 
taneously effected, and that by bleed- 
ing alone, without the aid either of 
mercury or opium ; for thodgh these 
remedies were subsequently used, it 
was quite evident that the disease 
was previously and entirely overcome 
by the bleeding. 

Treaty of Peace between Great 
Britain and Russia. 

In the Name of the Most Holy and 
^T• Indivisible Trinity. 

His Majesty the Emperor of all 
the Russias and his Majesty the 
King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland, being 
equally animated with the desire of 
re-establishing the ancient relations of 
amity and good understanding be- 
tween the two kingdoms respectively, 
have nominated to this effect, as their 
Ministers Plenipotentiary, namely, 
his Majesty the Emperor of all the 
Russias, the Sieur Peter Suchtelen, 



Chief of the Department of Engi- 
neers, General and Member of the 
Council of State, &c. &c. and the 
Sieur Paul Baron de Nicolay, Gen- 
tleman of the Bedchamber, &c. ; and 
his Royal Highness the Prince Re- 
gent, in the name of his Majesty the 
King of the United Kingdom of 
England and Ireland, the Sieur Ed- 
ward Thornton, Esq. Plenipotentiary 
from his Britannic Majesty to the 
King of Sweden. 

The said Plenipotentiaries, after ex- 
changing their respective full powers, 
in good and due form, have agreed 
upon the following articles : — 

I. — There shall be between his Majes- 
ty the Emperor of all the Russias and 
his Majesty tlie King of the United King- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland, their 
heirs and successors, and between their 
kingdoms and subjects respectively, a 
firm, true, and inviolable peace, and a 
sincere and perfect union and amity, so 
that, from this moment, all subjects of 
disagreement that may have subsisted 
between them shall cease. 

II. — The relations of amity and com- 
merce between the two countries shall 
be re-established on each side, on the 
footing of the most favoured nations. 

III. — If in resentment of the present 
re-establishment of peace and good un- 
derstanding between the two countries, 
any power whatsoever shall make war 
upon his Imperial Majesty or his Britan- 
nic Majesty, the two contracting sove- 
reigns agree to act in support of each 
other for the maintenance and security 
of their respective kingdoms. 

IV. — The two high contracting parties, 
reserve to themselves to establish a pro- 
per understanding and adjustment, as 
soon as possible, with respect to all mat- 
ters that may concern their eventual in- 
terests, political as well as commercial. 

V. — The present treaty shall be ratifi- 
ed by the two contracting parties, and 
the ratifications shall be exchanged in" 
six weeks, or sooner, if possible. 

And for the due performance of 



Nov. 1.] 



CHRONICLE. 



179. 



the same we sign, in virtue of our 
full powers, and have signed the pre- 
sent treaty of peace, and have there- 
to affixed our seals. 

Done at Orebro, the 6th (18) 
July, 1812. 

suchtelen (l. s. ) 
Paul Baron db Nicolay. 
Edward Thornton (L. S.) 
After sufficiently examining the 
articles of the present treaty of peace, 
we have approved of the same, which 
we now confirm, and by these pre- 
sents most solemnly ratify, in all its 
tenor ; promising on our imperial 
part, for us and for our successors, 
to observe and execute, inviolably, 
every thing that has been mentioned 
and repeated in the said treaty of 
peace. In witness whereof we have 
signed with our own hand this impe- 
rial ratification, and have thereto af- 
fixed the seal of our empire. 

Done at Kamenroi Ostrow, the 
1st of August, 1812, and the twelfth 
year of our reign. 

(Signed) Alexander. 

(Countersigned) 

Count ROMANZOW. 
2d.— Tuesday morning a court- 
martial assembled on board the Mon- 
mouth (flag-ship) in the Downs, for 
the trial of Lieut. Richard Stewart 
Gamage, belonging to the Griffon 
sloop of war, for stabbing a Serjeant 
of marines belonging to that ship, 
which caused his death ; Admiral 
Foley, president. During the after- 
noon a gale of v/ind came on, which 
caused the president and members of 
the court to remain on board the 
Monmouth ; and so violent was the 
hurricane, that all communication 
with the shore was for a time sus- 
pended. The court assembled again 
on Wednesday, and brought in a 
verdict of wilful murder, but recom- 
mended the officer to mercy. 



BALLOONiNG.-^The mechanician, 
Bittorf, who ascended from Manheim, 
when he had risen to a considerable 
height, perceived, but too late, that 
his balloon was unfortunately dama- 
ged, and had no other resource than 
to open the pump. The baljoon de- 
scended with great velocity, but, ow- 
ing to the wind, without preserving 
its gravity : the inflammable matter 
which it contained kindled; the shreds 
caught fire, and fell upon M. Bittorf 's 
head, arms, and breast, which were 
much burnt. On a sudden, his cra- 
zy vehicle struck upon the roof of a 
house, two stories high, from which 
he was precipitated, with a gondola 
attached to the balloon. The inha- 
bitants took him up, and carried 
him, covered with wounds, to his own 
house, where he died the next day in 
great agony. 

M. Zambeccari, accompanied by 
a friend, ascended in a balloon, from 
Boulogne, on the 21st of September. 
On his descent, the balloon became 
entangled in the branches of a high 
tree, and before it could be disenga- 
ged, caught fire. The two aeronauts 
leaped out. M. Zambeccari was kill- 
ed upon the spot ; but M. Bonoga, 
his friend, survived, though some of 
his limbs were broken. 

A few days since the Norwich Ex- 
pedition coach was robbed of bank- 
notes to the amount of 5G00L The 
greatest precaution possible had been 
taken to guard against the coach be- 
ing robbed, a box having been made 
in the coach-box under the seat of 
the coachman, in which was a leather 
bag fastened with an iron bar and 
rings, for the purpose of containing 
parcels that were constantly sent from 
the bankers in Norwich to the bank- 
ers in London. The keys of it were 
kept by the bankers in Norwich, and 
by the bankers they were connected 



180 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 2. 



with in London. On the arrival of 
the coach, about ten o'clock in the 
I morning, the clerk at the inn saw the 
bankers* parcel entered in the way- 
bill, as was expected, but on the box 
being opened it was discovered that 
the bag was not there, and it was 
strongly suspected that it had been 
stolen. About two o'clock of the 
same day liOl. of the Diss bank- 
notes were presented at the bankers 
in London for payment. It being 
suspected that they were part of 
those that had been stolen, the per- 
son who presented them was request- 
ed to walk into a back room, where 
he was questioned as to how he be- 
came possessed of them, and who he 
received them for. He replied, he 
received them for Mr Silvester, of 
Go^well-street. On his beinj ques- 
tioned further, he said his nauie was 
Silvester, and that he had taken them 
of a Captain Wilson for the sale of 
some guineas. He referred them to 
Robarts and Co. and Hoares and Co. 
the bankers, for his character and re- 
spectability ; he then received the 
1401. It turned out that the parcel 
had been stolen ; and that the notes 
presented by Silvester were in it. — 
Adkins, the Bow-street of&cer, was 
employed to make enquiries respect- 
ing Silvester, and the result was, he 
was summoned to appear at Bow- 
street office, where he underwent an 
examination before Mr Nares, who 
committed him for trial on suspicion 
of his being concerned in stealing the 
bag and its contents. 

6th, — Footpad sIobbery. On 

Saturday last, a footpad robbery took 
place about one o'clock in the day, 
attended with very extraordinary cir- 
cumstances. Mr R. Thorley, on his 
way from town to his residence at 
Petersham, sent his servant forward 



from Wandsworth with a message to 
his family, and instead of himself 
proceeding home through Richmond- 
park, as was his custom, he went by 
the private road, which turns off to 
Richmond a little beyond the seven- 
mile-stone on the Wandsworth road. 
When Mr Thorley had passed the 
first gate a short way, he perceived a 
female, attired like a quaker, and a 
man following her at a short distance, 
on the side-path, which is parallel 
with the horse road. The man ap- 
peared to be a carpenter, or mecha- 
nic, with an apron folded round him. 
As soon as Mr Thorley came oppo- 
site to him, he sprang suddenly from 
the foot-path into the main road, 
which causing Mr T.'s horse to star- 
tle, he involuntarily struck him across 
the breast with a rattan stick ; and 
supposing the man to be intoxicated,; 
he enquired what he was about. The 
robber, on this, took out a pistol 
from his left side, which Mr T. ob- 
served was loaded up to the muzzle, 
presented it, and said, " I must have 
your money." — Mr T. rephed " You 
can have but little ;" — and gave all 
the silver he had, consisting of a bank 
token or two, and a few shillings. 
The man observed, *< If you will do 
me no injury, I shall not hurt you ;" 
and then retired, saying, «* Real dis- 
tress has compelled me to this act. — 
This observation disarmed Mr T. of 
all resentment against the unfortunate 
wretch, and he was only solicitous to 
render him service. He told him it 
was a shocking alternative he had cho- 
sen ; and enquired if he did not know, 
that by the act he had just committed, 
he had forfeited his life. The footpad 
walked on, and would hear no more. 
Mr T. was still anxious to learn the 
man's situation, and continued sta- 
tionary and looking after him ; but 



Nov. 7.] 



CHRONICLE. 



181 



the footpad mistaking his object, 
turned back, and followed him hastily, 
with a presented pistol. Mr T. did 
not, however, lose sight of him, reti- 

tring to no greater distance than was 
necessary to avoid the danger of the 
shot. At this instant, a person on 
horseback pSssed close to the robber, 
when Mr T. called out — " A high- 
wayman ! " The footpad immediately 
shewed his pistol, and desired the 
gentleman to go on, who proved to 
be a Mr Smith of the city. Mr T. 
and Mr S, conferred together as to 
the best mode of apprehending the 
man, when Mr Reeve, a magistrate, 
arrived on the spot. By this time 
the footpad had got over the hedge 
into an adjoining field ; and a servant 
of Mr Nettleship having joined the 
party, means were immediately em- 
ployed to take him. Mr Smith rode 
to Wandsworth for a constable, whilst 
the other persons stationed themselves 
Iji'. in such directions as to prevent the 
• possibility of an escape. At this mo- 
ment a pistol was heard from the op- 
posite side of the hedge to that on 
which Mr Reeve was ; and that gen- 
tleman conceived at first that he had 
been fired at by the robber ; but on 
farther investigation it was found 
that the wretched footpad had laid 
violent hands upon himself, by dis- 
charging the contents of the pistol 
into his own head. He was found 
without one of his shoes, lying on his 
back, ar4d quite dead. The body was 
taken to the George inn, at Wands- 
worth, where a coroner's inquest was 
held upon it on Monday last before — 
Jemmet, Esq. coroner for the county. 
Verdict — Felo-de-se. 

An inquest was held on Wednesday 
evening, at the Marquis of Granby, 
Villiers-street, Strand, on the body 
of Greenwood, a tailor, resi- 
ding in Camaby-street. It appeared 



that the deceased left his home, had 

been absent two days, and on the 
evening of Tuesday last, he came to 

the above public- house, where he fell 
in with a CorporalJenkins, a recruit- 
ing officer of the Honourable East 
India Company's service, by whom 
he W38 enlisted ; others joining in 
company, they drank very freely, 
when the deceased became very much 
intoxicated, and was put to bed in a 
garret, the door of which was locked 
upon him. In the coilrse of the 
night he got out of a three-pair-of- 
stairs window, and scrambled along 
the roof, as was heard by a person \\x 
another house, and from several loose 
bricks falling, in consequence of his 
holding by them. Whetiier he fell 
from the roof, or contrived to slide 
down by means of leaden pipes com- 
municating, or by wh'dL process he 
descended, is uncertain ; but next 
morning, between three and four o'- 
clock, a cry of murder was heard in 
the Griffin Coffee-house, in the pas- 
sage of which the deceased was found 
lying. When asked how he came 
there, he said it was the damned 
watchman who brought him. He 
complained of feeling extremely ill, 
and was laid by the fire-side till eight 
o'clock, when he was carried back to 
the Marquis of Granby, and put to 
bed. He expired about ten o'clock. 
— Verdict, — Died from the effects of 
intoxication. 

7th. -.-The Royal Society on Thurs- 
day evening had -their first meeting 
for the season, when a letter from Sir 
H. Davy to the president was read, 
containing an account of a most ex- 
traordinary new detonating substance. 
It is composed of the two elastic 
fluids, azote and chlorine, and it ap- 
pears in the form of a yellow oil, 
heavier than water, and explodes with 
great violence by heat equal to that 



182 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 10. 



of the human body. It may be pre- 
served for a time under water, but it 
requires the greatest caution to be 
experimented upon in dry vessels, as 
mere motion causes it to detonate. 
Sir H. Davy, in attempting to ex- 
plode a small quantity, not larger than 
a mustard seed, in a close vessel, with 
a view to collect the products, recei- 
ved a very severe wound in the tran- 
sparent corner of the eye, which at 
present prevents the sight. We learn 
that he is attended by Mr Ware, and 
we are happy to state that he is like- 
ly to sustam no permanent injury in 
consequence of the accident. It is 
mentioned in a private letter from Pa- 
ris, that a substance, probably anala- 
gous, has been lately discovered there, 
but the preparation of it has not been 
made public. — There is reason to 
suppose it has been concealed, from 
its beifig applicable to the purposes 
of war. 

10th. — An officer of his majesty's 
ship Arab artived with dispatches 
from Rear-Admiral Hope, dated 
Gottenburgh, the 6th instant, which 
transmit bulletins of the operations of 
the armies under Prince Kutusoff, 
General Winzingerode, and General 
Wittgenstein. 

On the 18th October, Kutusoff, 
understanding that Victor's corps 
had quitted Smolensk to join the 
grand army, decided to attack Mu- 
rat's advanced guard of 45,000 men 
before Victor should join, and so sud- 
denly, that Buonaparte should not 
have time to come to his assistance 
' with the main army. The attack 
completely succeeded — the Russians 
took 38 pieces of cannon, 1500 pri- 
soners, and the standard of the 1st 
regimentof curassicurs; 2000 French 
killed remained on the field of battle. 
On the morning of the 20th, Count 



Wittgenstein stormed Polotsk after 
two days hard fighting ; forty-five 
staff and superior officers, and 2000 
rank and file, were made prisoners, 
and an extraordinary number of the 
French were killed. 

The Russian loss also was consider- 
able ; but their success was com- 
plete. 

The Petersburgh militia and vo- 
lunteers had joined before this bat- 
tle, and distinguished themselves in 
the most brilliant manner. 

On the 22d, the corps of General 
Winzingerode entered Moscow, ha- 
ving obliged the French garrison to 
evacuate the place with such precipi- 
tation, that they abandoned all their 
hospitals. 

Extract of a letter from an officer 
of our army in Spain, dated Madrid, 
Oct 11 : 

*• Nothing could be more gay than 
we have been in this gayest of capi- 
tals — plays, dinners, balls, masks, 
concerts, &c. Since General Hill's 
army came to Aranjuez, this place 
has been crowded with the officers of 
the second division, whom we have 
not seen for a long period ; the offi- 
cers of the fourth division are like- 
wise daily in from the Escurial. 

" General Pakenham has taken up 
the Marquis of Wellington's quar- 
ters in the palace ; but that able of- 
ficer General Baron Alten commands 
us. Don Carlos is here, and lives in 
a most splendid style ; he has repla- 
ced the municipality in the French 
interest by a patriotic one ; and a 
tribunal sits, which daily tries those 
who have had more or less intercourse 
with the French, and have favoured 
their interest. 

" The property of all those who 
went away with Joseph (and it in- 
cludes most of the weak nobility) is 



Nov. 11.1 



CHRONICLE. 



183 



confiscated : many of those remain- 
ing are tried — to-day 20 families have 
been taken up and sent to the Retire 
as disaffected. Last week a spy was 
strangled in the market-place, to the 
unbounded joy of the populace. It 
is said, he was detected carrying let- 
ters from Soult to the remainder of 
Marmont's army : he was a Spaniard, 
and a captain in the French service. 

11th. — Intelligence was this day 
received from Lord Cathcart at Pe- 
tersburgh, that the fortunes of the 
French had changed in the north : 
His letter is addressed to Lord Cas- 
tlereagh, and is couched in the fol- 
lowing terms : 

St Petersburgh, October 27. 

My Lord — I have the pleasure to 
acquaint your Lordship, that the 
guns are now firing, and that Te 
JDeum is to be sung to-morrow, in 
the cathedral, for a most brilliant af- 
fair on the 18th, between the advan- 
ced guards of the French and Russian 
armies near Moscow, in which the 
former, under Murat, were defeated 
with great loss : and for the deliver- 
ance of Moscow, by General Win- 
zingerode, on the 22d of October. 

The bulletin is not yet published ; 
but I have the honour to inclose a 
copy of the note I have this morning 
received, by the emperor's command, 
conveying this intelligence. 

I have also inclosed a translation 
of the official account of the defeat 
of Marshal St Cyr, by Count Witt- 
genstein, and of the storming of Po- 
lotsk on the 20th of October, as also 
that of the repulse of Marshal Mac- 
donald's corps by General Steinheil. 
Lieutenant-General Count Witt- 
genstein has been promoted to the 
rank of general of cavalry, and 'I'e 
Deum for his victory was sung yes- 
terday. 



It appears that Prince Schwart- 
zenberg has retired to the westward, 
leaving some corps, which have beea 
cut off ; that the province of Volhy- 
ni is entirely cleared of the enemy ; 
and that Admiral TchichagufF may 
probably have reached Minsk about 
or soon after the 21st of October.— 
I have the honour to be, &c. 

Dublin. — Some time ago, a cir- 
cumstance took place which made 
considerable noise in this city : A wo- 
man went into a grocer's shop, and, 
having purchased some tea, tendered 
a lOOl. note for payment ; the man, 
surprised at such a sum, said he could 
not change that note, but if she had 
another he would. She then produ- 
ced another note for 1001. then an- 
other ; and so on to seven notes for 
lOOi. each. The man then, andaneigh- 
bour, questioned her strictly, and 
threatened her. She then confessed 
she had stolen them frona a gentle- 
man who visited her, and more of the 
same kind. The man and his friend 
detained the 7001. and advised her to 
run away ; but she, conceiving they 
meant to appropriate the money to 
their own use, went to the chief ma- 
gistrate, and disclosed the circum- 
stance, delivering up the remainder of 
the property, which amounted in all 
to lOOOl. in 1001. notes on Messrs 
Ball, Plunket, and Doyne, bankers, 
The grocer, his friend, and the wo- 
man, were then all confined, and the 
magistrates published the circum-^ 
stance, and called upon the owner to 
come and claim his property at their 
office, but no one appeared. The 
singularity of the circumstance occa- 
sioned a variety of conjectures ; some 
thought the owner must be at least 
the young heir of a dukedom ; others, 
that he was some character high in 
the church, and ashamed to come 



184, EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 13. 



forward. In the mean time, the ma- 
gistrates were obliged to release the 
woman, who expressed a strong desire 
to restore the property when she 
found it was to such atnount, hoping 
he would not prosecute, but probably 
give her some reward. Of course 
many conjectures were afloat, and 
numbers believed that the woman 
must have murdered the person from 
whom she had taken the property. 
The circumstance was beginning to 
be forgot, when a young man, clerk 
to Ball, Plunket, and Co. bankers, 
accidentally entered the bar-room of 
a public- house; the woman, who hap- 
pened to be there at the same time, 
immediately cried out, " That is the 
person from whom I took the notes." 
He was immediately detained by the 
people present, and notice sent to the 
magistrates and to the bankers, but 
before they arrived, he found means 
to escape. An investigation took 
place at the bank, and it was found 
that he had taken from time to time 
tiotes to the amount of 10,0001. A 
reward was offered, and he was taken, 
just ready to quit the kingdom. In 
one of his boots were concealed 
75001. in notes, and his securities are 
answerable for 25001. which makes 
np the sum of which he had defrau- 
,ded the bank. — He is now lodged in 
Kilmainham jail to abide his trial. 

The celebrated horse Regulus died 
lately : he was the sire of 3000 colts, 
that have produced upwards of 80,000. 
13th — Mutiny and Murder. — 
Union-Hall. — A deposition was a 
few days since made before the Shad- 
well magistrates, by a boy named 
Mades, who formerly belonged to the 
Adventurer, South Sea whaler. Cap- 
tain Keith, which ship it had hither- 
to been supposed was lostin theSouth 
Sea, but which, it appears from 



Mades's deposition, was seized by 
the crew, who murdered the captain 
and chief mate, and afterwards scut- 
tled the vessel. In consequence 
of Mades's statement, which was 
originally made before Mr Evanc6 
and Mr Birnie, at this office, Glen- 
nen, Wortly, and Goff, were sent i 
down to Liverpool, in search of * 
Charles Frederick Palm and Samuel 
Telling, the second mate and cooper 
of the Adventurer, who, according 
to Mades's statement, were deeply 
concerned in this atrocious transac- 
tion. By the activity of the officers 
they were both discovered and taken 
into custody. They were brought 
up to town, and on Tuesday evening 
underwent a long examination before 
Mr Birnie, when Telling stated the 
following particulars, fully corrobo- 
rative of Mades's previous evidence ; 
The Adventurer, of which the de- 
ceased Captain Keith was command- 
er, and Mr William Smith, chief 
mate, sailed for the South Seas in 
September, 1811. The deponent 
sailed in her as cooper, and Charles 
F. Palm, a Swede, as second mate ; 
they had been out between six and | 
seven months before Captain Keith " 
and Mr Smith were murdered. He 
could not remember the day, but it 
was about four in the morning ; a 
boy, named George, was at the helm ; 
the captain and chief mate were in 
bed ; the rest of the crew were for- 
ward on deck ; Palm was trying to 
strike a light when the captain came 
on deck in his shirt, and said to Palm, 
" Charles, what are you about ?" 
Palm made him no answer, but im- 
mediately struck him with the coop- 
er's hammer, which he had ready in 
his hand. The captain exclaimed, 
** Oh, Charles, you have done me ;" 
in the meantime, the chief mate, who 



Nov. 13.] 



CHRONICLE. 



185 



followed the captain on deck, was at- 
tacked by another Swede, since dead, 
who struck him several blows with 
the cook's axe, and be and the cap- 
tain being both brought down. Palm 
and two other Swedes, both of whom 
are since dead, threw their bodies 
overboard. The mate called out, 
** Boat, boat," after he was in the 
water, but they heard no more of him 
or the captain. After this all hands 
went below, except the boy at the 
helm, and Palm producing a bible, 
each took an oath upon it, wishing 
they might never see the light of hea- 
ven if ever they divulged what had 
passed ; the boy at the helm was af- 
terwards sworn also. Previous to 
this time, the captain had taken two 
black men on board at St Thomas's, 
and after the bodies of the captain 
and mate were thrown overboard, the 
two Swedes procured each a pistol 
and a glass of rum, and giving the 
rum to the blacks, whilst the poor 
fellows were in the act of drinking 
it, each of them received the contents 
of a pistol in his body, one of them 
was killed on the spot, and the other 
was only wounded, but both of them 
were, with the assistance of Palm, 
immediately thrown overboard. The 
wounded man swam and caught hold 
of the ship's rudder, but Palm taking 
up a spade, swore he would chop his 
hands off if he did not let go. The 
unfortunate wretch upon this let go 
his hold, and was seen no more. Af- 
ter this they plundered the captain's 
property, and Palm had five pounds. 
He then took tlie direction of the 
vessel, but it was afterwards deter- 
mined to scuttle her, take to the 
boats, and endeavour to make the 
coast of Guinea. This was accord- 
ingly done, two boats v^•ere prepared, 
provisions put into them, and the 
crew, consisting of eleven persons, 



got six into one boat, and five into 
the other ; they were three days and 
nights before they made land, and 
then one of the boats was swamped, 
and a boy drowned. They walked 
along the beach till night, and then 
lay down on the sand to sleep. Next 
morning they proceeded up the coun- 
try, and seeing some smoke rise from 
among a cluster of trees, they made 
up to them, when the blacks rushed 
out upon them, overpowered them, 
and they were plundered and strip- 
ped. After this they were driven 
further into the country, where they 
were kept for several weeks, and then 
sent to Port Lopez, from whence. 
Palm, Mades, and the deponent, 
found their way to Liverpool. A 
few days after the Adventurer left 
England, the crew were put upon 
short allowance, and so continued 
through the voyage. The men grum- 
bled much, and said they might as 
well be killed as starved. On the 
morning on which the captain and 
mate were murdered, deponent heard 
Palm say, whilst striking a light, he 
would kill the captain. The Swedes 
said it should be so, and those who 
did not agree to it should share the 
same fate. The deponent lent a hand 
to heave the blacks overboard, but 
did not touch the captain or mate. 

Palm's statement was as follows : 
— He sailed from England as second 
mate of the Adventurer ; he had no 
quarrel with the captain till they got 
to the coast, and then it was about 
wages. He recollected the captain's 
bringing two black men on board 
from St Thomas's, and that soon af- 
ter the captain was accidentally pulled 
overboard and drowned, by the bite 
of a whale line getting round his leg, 
after he had struck a fish. Mr Smith, 
the chief mate, was an old man, and 
died of sickness while at sea. With 



16» EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 14;. 



respect to the two blacks, one of 
them jumped overboard after the cap- 
tain, and was seen no more ; he did 
not know what became of the other, 
but had been told that he went over 
after the captain also, and was lost. 

They were both committed for fur- 
ther examination. 

FURTHER PARTICULARS. 
Palm and Telling were on Tues- 
day brought up for re-examination. 

Henry Mades, a boy about 13 
years of age, who was apprentice to 
Captain Keith, and on board the ship 
at the time, and in consequence of 
■whose information the prisoners were 
apprehended, was again examined. 
His statement was precisely the same 
as that originally made by him. On 
the night on which the murders were 
committed, he was sleeping in his 
hammock, near the captain's cabin, 
-who, as well as the chief mate, were 
in bed. A boy, named George Rose, 
■was at the helm ; and either in the 
first or second watch, he was awoke 
by Rose's calling to the captain, in a 
low tone down the hatchway — ** Cap- 
tain Keith, Captain Keith ! some- 
thing wrong is going forward on 
deck." The captain got out of bed 
directly, and went up in his shirt, but 
returned again immediately, and 
awoke the mate, and they went on 
deck together. Soon after he heard 
the mate call out " O Lord, O Lord ! " 
He was alarmed, and got out of his 
hammock, and, as he was standing 
by the side of it, he saw Palm and 
Others throw the captain's body over- 
board. — There was no resistance, and 
he supposed the captain was dead at 
the time. Soon after he heard the 
mate in the water, call out, " Boat, 
boat." In his account of what fol- 
lowed, viz. administering the oath of 
secrecy, the murder of the two blacks, 
the scuttling the vessel, and taking to 



the boats, their afterwards falling into 
the hands of the blacks on the coast 
of Guinea, and their subsequent arri- 
val in England, he fully corroborated 
Telling's statement. On his arrival 
in this country, he stated these cir- 
cumstances to a gentleman, named 
Scrivenor, who took him to Union- 
hall, and, in consequence of his depo- 
sition, warrants were issued by Mr 
Evancc, for the apprehending of Palm 
and Telling. 

Palm, on being questioned, denied 
having been at all privy to the in- 
tended murder of Captain Keith, till 
the morning when it took place ; he 
was then told that if he did not agree 
to it, he would himself share the same 
fate ; he had, therefore, joined in it 
to preserve his own life. He had not 
stated this before, because he wished 
to preserve his oath. 

The prisoners were both fully com- 
mitted for trial at the next Admiralty- 
Sessions. 

Hth.-ELECTioNOF Scots Peers. 
— Yesterday came on, at Holyrood- 
house, the election of sixteen peers to 
represent the Scots nobility in parlia- 
ment, when the following noblemen 
were chosen : — 

F'otes. Votes. 

Marq. Queensb.f 50 Earl of Aboyne . . 50 
Earl of Rothesf- . 48 Earl of Aberdeen 51 
Earl of Caithness S9 Earl of Glasgow. . 49 

Earl of Home ... 49 Lord Forbes 45 

Earl of Kellie ... 50 Lord Saltoun. ... 48 

Earl of Dalhonsie 50 Lord Grayf 45 

Earl of Selkirk . . 47 Lord Sinclair. ... 49 
Earl of Balcarras 49 Lord Napier .... 44 
Those marked f were elected in the room 
of Earl of Strathmore, Earl of Hadding- 
ton, and Lord Cathcart. 

PEERS PRESENT. 

Duke of Buccleuch Earl of Balcarras 

Duke of AthoU Earl of Aboyne 

Marq. of Queensb. Earl of Aberdeen 

Earl of Rothes Earl of Glasgow 

Earl of Caithness iViscount Arbuthno\ 

Earl of Morton Lord Forbes 



I 



Nov. 14. 



CHRONICLE. 



187 



Earl of 
Ear] of 
Earl of 
Earl of 
Earl of 
Earl of 
Earl of 
Earl of 
Earl of 



Moray 

Home 

Kellie 

Lauderdale 

Kinnouil 

Elgin 

■XTemyss 

Leveu 

Selkirk 



Lord Gray 
Lord Sinclair 
Lord Napier 
Lord Elibank 
Lord Bel haven 
Lord Rollo 
Lord Ruthven 
Lord Kinnaird. 



PROXIES. 
Duke of Lennox to Lord Forbes 
Earl of Dundonald - Lord Gray 
Earl of Breadalbanc- Lord Kinnaird 
Earl of Stair - Earl of Lauderdale 

Lord Torphichen - Lord Forbes 
Lord Reay - Lord Kinnaird. 

SIGNED LISTS. 
Duke of Gordon Earl of Hyndford 
Duke of Montrose Earl of Portmore 
Earl of Errol Earl of Hopetoun 

Earl of Eglinton Viscount Stormont 
Earl of Cassillis Lord Somerville 

Earl of Haddington Lord Blantyre 
Earl of Galloway Lord Forrester 
Earl of Northesk Lord Kirkcudbright. 
Earl of Dunmore 

There were 52 voters in all, viz. 
29 present, 6 proxies, and 17 signed 
lists. 

Coroner's Inquest.-Oii Thurs- 
day evening last, an inquest was held 
at the Eagle and Child public-house, 
Shoe-lane, before T. Shelton, Esq. 
to enquire into the circumstances 
which led to the death of Elizabeth 
Chaplin, who was murdered the pre- 
ceding evening by her husband. Af- 
ter the usual inspection of the body 
of the unfortunate woman, which ex- 
hibited a most terrific spectacle, the 
throat being mangled in a shocking 
manner, the coroner proceeded to 
take the depositions of the persons in 
attendance. 

J. Bedford, the landlord of the 
Eagle and Child, stated, that on 
Wednesday evening the deceased 
came to his house about half-past 
nine, and had a pint of beer, which 
she took away in her own vessel. In 
ten minutes afterwards, her husband, 



John Chaplin, also came to the house 
and asked for another pint of beer. 
Witness at first refused to serve him, 
observing that his wife had just taken 
his beer home for him. — Chaplin, 
however, said, " he must have it, for 
he had murdered his wife." Wit- 
ness having formerly heard him say 
that he would kill his wife, now sus- 
pected that he had carried his threat 
into execution, and immediately gav^e 
him the beer with the view of de- 
taining him. He then went to the 
tap-room, where some of his custom- 
ers were assembled, and communica- 
ted to them what he had just heard. 
They all immediately came out, and 
went to Chaplin's house to ascertain 
the fact, but they found the door 
shut, and a perfect silence prevailed 
within. While they were gone on 
this errand, Chaplin remained at the 
public-house, but soon afterwards 
went out and proceeded to his house, 
the door of which he unlocked and 
opened ; upon which the body of his 
wife was discovered lying on the floor 
weltering in blood. He was instant- 
ly interrogated respecting the horrid 
deed, and confessed, without hesita- 
tion, that he had first knocked his 
wife down, and then cut her throat. 
The constable stated, that in taking 
Chaphn to the Counter, he wanted 
to go to a pawn-broker's in Fleet- 
market, and he went with him to ob- 
serve his conduct. He put down the 
bundle without the least emotion, and 
conducted himself generally so as not 
to excite the slightest suspicion of 
his perfect sanity. The pawn-broker 
having declined any dealings with 
him, he said to witness, that he must 
go to some other person in the same 
line, as he must get money to obtain 
victuals for the short time he had to 
live. He said he was then happy, 
and hoped his wife was equally so, as 



188 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 15. 



she was a very good woman. On 
searching him a shilling and some 
halfpence were found, but no knife. 
On being asked what instrument he 
had used to commit the murder, he 
said he had cut his wife's throat with 
a razor, which he had wiped and put 
away. On being conducted the next 
morning before the alderman, he was 
' composed, and asked for a woman to 
whom he had given some halfpence 
to buy him some tobacco ; he was 
told he should have it when she re- 
turned. 

M. Taylor, the landlord of the pri- 
soner, said, that he had known him 
and his wife for many years, that he 
was much addicted to drinking, but 
he never considered him deranged. 

Mr Bailey, the surgeon, proved 
that the wound on the prisoner's 
wife was from ear to ear, and about 
two inches de^. 

The jury brought in a verdict of— - 
Wilful Murder 2g2iinst John Chaplin. 
15th — On Tuesday se'ennight was 
brought on Brighton beach, a singu- 
larly large fish, which has excited 
very general curiosity among the vi- 
sitors and residents ; and the exhibi- 
tion of it is likely to prove highly lu- 
crative to the proprietor, who, we 
understand, is an industrious and pro- 
vident man. It is supposed that this 
inhabitant of the deep was attracted 
to our shores by the shosls of her- 
rings, which are at this time abun- 
tlant. It was discovered by the fish- 
ermen very near their boat ; they 
threw out -several large and strong 
ropes, which it snapped asunder in a 
moment. At length they entangled 
it with fifteen nets, many of which 
"were irreparably injured — It conti- 
nued alive three hours after its en- 
tanglement, and was brought with 
great diificulty seven miles by this 
solitary boat, which \vas then joined 



by another, and both together they 
towed it the remaining three miles. 
It evidently belongs to the class 
Mammalia of Linnaeus, and order 
Cetce. It seems most to resemble 
the genus Physetea, but differs from 
every other species of this genus in 
some striking particulars. We have 
met with no description exactly an- 
swering to it in natural history. In 
the year 1801, a fish as nearly as pos- 
sible resembling it, was caught on the 
shores of Dorsetshire, and was after- 
wards exhibited in the metropolis. 
It measures twenty-seven feet three 
inches, from the nose to the end of 
the tail : in circumference it is about 
fifteen feet in its extreme bulk, is ra- 
ther less towards the head, and gra- 
dually diminishes towards the other 
extremity. Its head is singularly 
shaped, rather small considering the 
magnitude of the body. Its eyes are 
very near the nose, and are like those 
of an ox. It has two spiracles on the 
snout like nostrils. The width of 
the mouth is about three feet and a 
half, and is capable of receiving a 
very large man : it has nine rows of 
small curved teeth, both in the upper 
and lower jaw. It has five amazing- 
ly large giils, which fall down to- 
wards the shoulders like so many 
cape? of a fashionable box-coat. Each 
of its putural fins measures four feet 
six inches. Its dorsal fin, which 
seems to answer the purpose of a rud- 
der on the back, measures three feet 
and a half. Its tail is horizontal, and 
is eight feet wide. It has two small 
fip.s, nearly opposite each other, to- 
wards the tail. It is a female, and 
the viavmicc are of a very singular 
construction, and on opening one of 
them to the view of the spectators, 
the fisherman's hand was covered 
with milk. — There are two fins con- 
cealed with the mflmmee, which mea- 



Nov. 16.] 



CHRONICLE. 



189 



sure each two feet six inches. The 
skin of this wonderful creatureis uni- 
formly rough ; and it appears to us 
to have only one large spinal bone ex- 
tending from one extremity to the 
other. From the liver of the fish of 
a similar kind caught on the shore of 
Dorsetshire, four hogsheads of oil 
were produced. 

The footpad who shot himself on 
Saturday see'ncight, near Wands- 
worth, (see p. 180) after robbing 
Mr Thorley, has been recognised by 
his friends. He proves to be a jour- 
neyman bookbinder, (James Galar,) 
who resided in School-house-lane, 
Ratcliff. 

16th.-0n Monday se'ennight was 
interred, Mr Brookman, of London- 
street, Reading, and, according to 
his desire, was buried in an inch and 
half oak shell, which lie had caused 
to be made four years previous to his 
death. About [five days before his 
decease, he called on an undertaker, 
and went with him to the church- 
yard, and pointed out the spot he 
meant to be laid under. On bis re- 
turn home, he removed his coffin 
from its obscurity, and having in- 
spected the proper cleansing of the 
memento mori, took to his bed, and 
died in the ensuing week. 

Bristol. — An inquest was held 
here last week, on the body of J. 
Allen, servant to Mr Rodgers, whole- 
sale shoemaker, EUbroad-street. It 
appeared in evidence, that the deceas- 
ed had been upwards of fourteen 
years in the employ of his master, at 
Stafford, and in this city, in the con- 
fidential situation of foreman, and 
that Mr Rodgers had for some time 
euspected that he had been robbed. 
Mr Rodgers, perceiving a journey- 
man whom he suspected coming to 
receive a certain quantity of goods, 
, waited till he had been helped, when 

C 



he demanded to see the quantity, 
which proved to be much greater 
than he was entitled to. This led to 
further enquiry, the effect of which 
was, that the journeyman absconded, 
and the deceased, upon being taxed 
with a connection with him, likewise 
absented himself for a day or two ; 
but he again came to his employ, 
when Mr Rodgers called him into 
his room, and acquainted him with 
the charges preferred against him, 
at which, in the first instance, he pre- 
tended much surprise ; but his mas- 
ter persisting in his gitilt, and on con- 
dition of his impeaching the whole of 
his accomplices, intimating hopes of 
pardon, he said, with a sigh, " I have 
robbed you, sir." In reply, Mr 
Rodgers said, " Then how can such 
a crimidal expect mercy from me ?"^ 
and repeated, *' How can you expect 
it, knowing the confidence I have re- 
posed in you ?" Allen and his wife, 
who had accompanied him, fell upon 
their knees, and imploring pardon, 
exclaimed, " Oh ! we have robbed 
the best of masters, and God will 
never forgive us !" To which Mr 
Rodgers replied, «* That he was con- 
vinced he had not told the whole 
truth." Allen begged for time, and 
was detained by Mr Rodgers at his 
own house, from half past seven in 
the rr.orning till about a quarter past 
four in the afternoon, when, after ta-t 
king a little refreshment, Mr Rod- 
gers returned to the room in which 
he had left Allen, and on opening the 
door he beheld the unhappy culprit 
drawing a knife across his wind-pipe 
with great violence. Allen, on see- 
ing him, endeavoured to stab Mr 
Rodgers, and also a friend of the 
name of Haynes, who had come in to 
his assistance.-An alarm being given, 
he was secured, but expired almost 
immediately. Verdict of the jur\''— 



190 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 18. 



Felo de se. On Tuesday evening, at 
five o'clock, the body was removed 
in a cart from Mr Rodgers* house, 
and buried in a cross-road, with the 
customary ceremonies. The number 
of spectators was immense, and the 
populace behaved with great deco- 
rum, appearing to feel the awfulness 
of the event. 

1 8th — Union-Hall. — Murder 

OF Lieutenant Johnson. Our 

readers will recollect the murder of 
Lieutenant Johnson, which took 
place about four years ago in the 
Kent road, near the Five Bells pub- 
lic-house, as he was proceeding from 
town to Deptford, about nine o'clock 
in the evening. A proclamation ap- 
peared in the Gazette at the time, 
offering a reward for the discovery of 
the murderers, and a pardon to any 
one concerned who should give infor- 
mation, excepting only the person 
who actually committed the deed. 
No traces, however, of the murderers 
were discovered till within these few 
days, when a man named Roberts, 
who had been apprehended near 
Greenwich on a charge of house- 
breaking, on being taken before a 
country magistrate, intimated that 
he could give some important infor- 
mation relative to the murder. The 
prisoner was in consequence brought 
to this of&ce, and has undergone se- 
veral examinations before Mr Cham- 
bre and Mr Birnie, at which he sta- 
ted the following particulars relative 
to this horrid transaction : — On the 
night on which it took place, he and 
three other men, named Mellon, But- 
ler, and Grimes, had agreed to go 
out and rob somebody ; they had not 
settled what routeuhey would take, 
but on their way down Kent-street, 
they went into the public-house call- 
ed the Red Cap, and had something 
to drink : whilst they were there the 



deceased came in, and a girl of the 
town with him ; they had something 
to drink at the bar, and in taking out 
his money to pay for it, he display- 
ed several bank-notes to the view of 
the prisoner and his companions. ■ 
They had previously heard him say 
he was going to Deptford, and it was 
immediately agreed to way-lay him ; 
for this purpose they quitted the 
house before him, and proceeded 
down the road slowly ; and when 
near the Five Bells, they heard the 
deceased come singing along the road ; 
they immediately prepared to attack 
him, and Mellon, who had a large 
stick in his hand, knocked him down j 
his pockets were then rifled of his 
notes and gold watch, but he begin- 
ning to recover, Mellon and Butler 
proposed to murder him, that he 
might not appear as an evidence 
against them : this was opposed by 
the prisoner and Grimes, who retired 
to a distance, the other two perseve- 
ring in their design ; the unfortunate 
victim struggled hard, and made much 
resistance ; but they at length effect- 
ed their purpose by cutting hia 
throat; he had put up his hands to 
defend himself, and received several 
cuts upon them ; when they found 
he was dead, they dragged the body 
through a gap in the hedge, and 
threw it into a ditch. They then re- 
turned to town, and went to a house 
of ill-fame in Tooley-street, where 
they passed the night with some girls 
of the town ; here they divided their 
booty, amounting to 381. in bank- 
notes ; the gold watch was given to 
one of the girls to dispose of. Mellon 
had a jacket on, and Butler a coat, 
the sleeves of which were bloody 
these, therefore, were burnt, and the 
prisoner went out and bought them 
other clothing at a secondhand shop 
in the neighbourhood j after this they 



Nor. 23.] 



CHRONICLE. 



191 



separated. At the time the Lieute- 
nant was knocked down, his hat fell 
off ; this the prisoner had picked up, 
and carefully preserved ever since, as 
well as the knife which was used to 
cut his throat, and which the prisoner 
found on going to the spot next day, 
thrown in the mud. Whether the 
knife had belonged to Mellon or But- 
ler he could not tell, but he had most 
carefully preserved both it and the 
hat, having always contemplated ma- 
king this discovery, and considering 
that these things would prove strong- 
ly corroborative of his testimony. 
By the vigilance of CoUingbourn and 
Olennon, Mellon has been taken into 
custody, and has also undergone an 
examination, and both the prisoners 
are remanded. 

On Friday Robert Ferguson was 
executed at Inverness, in pursuance 
of his sentence, for the murder of 
Captain C. Munro, late of the 42d re- 
giment of foot. So uncommon a spec- 
tacle in that part of the country attract- 
ed a great concourse of spectators. 

23d. — This day came on the elec- 
tion of ofl&ce-bearers of the Royal 
Society of Edinburgh, when the fol- 
lowing members were chosen : — 

Sir James Hall, Bart. President — 
Lord Meadowbank and Lord Webb 
Seymour, Vice-Presidents. — Profess- 
or Playfair, Secretary. — James Bo- 
nar, Esq. Treasurer. — Thomas Al- 
lan, Esq. Keeper of the Museum and 
Library. 

Physical Class — Sir George 
Mackenzie, Bart. President. — Dr 
Hope, Secretary. 

Counsellors. — Dr James Gregory, 
— Lord Hermand, — Professor Du- 
gald Stewart, — Alexander Keith, 
Esq. — James Russell, Esq.-Dr Ru- 
therford. 



Literary Class. — Henry M'- 
Kenzie, Esq. President — Thomas 
Thomson, Esq. Secretary. 

Counsellors.-^YaOvA Robertson, — 
David Hume, Esq. — Reverend Prin- 
cipal Baird, — Lord President, — Sir 
H. Moncrieff, Bart., — Reverend A. 
Alison. 

Deal. — The execution of Lieu- 
tenant Gamage for the murder of a 
Serjeant of marines on board the 
Griffon sloop of war, pursuant to the 
sentence of a court martial, took 
place this morning at ten o'clock on 
board that ship. He bore his fate 
with manly fortitude. About eight 
o'clock he was attended by the cler- 
gyman, and remained with him till 
about half past nine, when the pro- 
cession began from his cabin to the 
platform, from whence he was to be 
launched into eternity. The clergy- 
man walked first ; then Lieutenant 
Gamage, attended on each side by 
two friends, officers ; several officers 
followed afterwards ; every one pre- 
sent was deeply affected at the unfor- 
tunate fate of this young gentleman, 
the ship's company particularly. 
Boats from the different ships at- 
tended, as usual, round the execu- 
tion, and the same sympathy and pity 
was observable in each — " God re- 
ceive his soul," frequently burst forth 
from different seamen. He bowed 
and thanked them two or three times, 
and seemed deeply affected with the 
sympathy he excited. A letter from 
the spot says, " that he spoke shortly 
to his own crew, warning them to be- 
wareof giving way to sudden passion.'* 
—As soon as he reached the platform, 
he prayed again with the clergyman, 
and precisely at ten o'clock, the sig- 
nal gun being fired, he was run up to 
the yard-arm, amidst repeated excia* 



192 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 23. 



mations from the seamen of ** God 
bless and receive him !" He appear- 
ed to suffer but little. 

A few days ago, about six o'clock 
in the morning, a gentleman arrived 
at the hotel at Falmouth, in a post 
chaise. Immediately on his arrival 
he went to bed. He rose again at 
ten o'clock, and breakfasted ; after 
which he went to the house of the 
captain of the Lisbon packet which 
was next in the order of sailing, and 
paid for his passage to Lisbon. He 
then returned to the hotel, and dined 
with a party of gentlemen, who had 
engaged for their passage to Lisbon 
in the same packet. At dinner he 
drank nothing but ale. After din- 
ner, he went with the party to see a 
new packet launched. He returned 
at dusk, and ordered a glass of Hol- 
lands and water and two sheets of 
writing paper to be brought into his 
parlour. He went to bed about ten 
o'clock, and next morning, about 
half past ten, one of the chamber- 
maids went to his room, in order to 
make the bed, &c. and, on opening 
the door, which had not been lock- 
ed, she was struck with horror on 
perceiving the unfortunate man, with 
nothing on but his shirt, lying on the 
floor, which was covered with blood, 
and the wash-hand basin by his side, 
almost filled with blood. An alarm 
was given, and a surgeon immediately 
^ procured, but the body was quite 
^ dead. A razor lay by its side, with 

which the artery of the left arm, at 
the bend of the elbow, had been cut 
across, in a dreadful manner, which 
caused the deceased to bleed to death. 
On the table was found a letter and 
a note, of which the following are 
copies. The letter was folded, but 



not sealed ; the note was open : — 
« Oh! Almighty Lord God, of 
infinite goodness and mercy, pray for- 
give me my manifold sins and wicked- 
ness. It has pleased thee to afBict 
me most grievously, and much heavi- 
er than I can possibly bear, being 
persecuted by a set of vile persons, 
whose only aim has been to ruin me, 
and bring me to destruction. I for- 
give, and hope they will be forgiven 
at the day of judgment. Oh Lord, 
have mercy upon me, have mercy 
upon me ! My sufferings are so 
great, that at times I am delirious. 
My ideas wander, 1 know not where. 
Those peijured villains were determi- 
ned to seek my death, that their in- 
famy might not come to light, and 
that they perjujxd themselves is as U 
true as thou a?t in heaven.* I here 
ever forgive them. Oh blessed Re- 
deemer, look down with mercy upon 
me. Oh Lord, be pleased to pour 
down thy blessings on my late wor- 
thy partners, who are so sore afflicted ' 
by improper conduct brought on by 
others, who have sought my ruin, 
and who I did all in my power to 
serve.- O God, be pleased to forgive 
them, as I do ; and I hope they will 
profit by my untimely fate. Oh God, 
the thought of being made a bank- 
rupt and an outlaiv has fixed my fate. 
These words have cut me to the very 
soul — outlaw ! — for every fellow to 
scoff at. Oh the thought is too 
much for me, although I ought to 
rejoice at being an outlaw, rather 
than exist in the same country with 
such men. May the authors of that 
infamous combination meet their just 
fate. They are my persecutors.f 
God of mercy, receive me into thy 
holy sanctuary. My mind is so agi- 



* Tlie words in italicks are interlined. 
+ W.'sat follows was v. ritten with a pencil. 



Kov. ^.] 



CHRONICLE. 



193 



tated I canflot g5 forward or back- 
ward." 

" Sir, 

** My name is Robert Mitchell, of 
Bristol. I will thank you to send the 
trunks and money, about 1601. to 
Mess. Powell, of the said place, and 
let me have Christian burial, for I 
have been unjustly persecuted by a 
set of vile swindlers and perjurers. 
You will take 201. for your trouble. 
You will think it strange I should 
address you, having never seen you, 
but you are, I beheve, agent for the 
Commercial Room, Bristol. 
" Mr Hooton, 

Of this place, Falmouth. 

*' Nine o'clock. — I wish I was no 
more, and that the Almighty would 
take me into his holy keeping/' 

A coroner's inquestsat on the body, 
and brought in a verdict of Insanity. 

27th. Melancholy Catas- 

TROi'HE. — On Tuesday morning last, 
Sophia Edwards and Mary Nest, two 
female servants of the Rev. John 
Gibbons, of Brasted, Kent (one aged 
22, and the other 19 years,) were 
found drowned in a pond in the gar- 
den belonging to the parsonage- house 
at that place ; and the same day an 
inquest was taken on their bodies, 
when the following circumstances 
were disclosed : — Mr and Mrs Gib- 
bons had been from liome several 
weeks, leaving their house to the care 
of these females, who, during the ab- 
sence of their master and mistress, 
had the misfortune to break some ar- 
ticles of furniture, and to spoil four 
dozen of knives and forks, by incau- 
tiously lighting a fire in an oven 
where they had been placed to keep 
them from rust. The unfortumate 

firls had, however, bought other 
iiives and forks. Upon the return 
of this reverend gentleman and his 
wife, however, (on Saturday the 

VOL. V. PAKT II. 



14th), the servants were severely- 
reprimanded for what had happened, 
and one of them received notice to 
leave her place. They both appear- 
ed to be very uncomfortable during 
Sunday and Monday ; and on the 
latter day the footman heard themia 
conversation respecting Martha Vi- 
ner, a late servant in the same family, 
who had drowned herself in the pond 
in the garden ; and observing one to 
the other, that she had done so through 
trouble. The elder then said to the 
younger, *' We will have a swim to- 
night, Mary !" The other replied, 
*' So we will, girl " The footman 
thought they were jesting, and said, 
" Aye, and I will swim with you." 
Sophia Edwards replied, " No you 
sha'n't ; but I will have a swim, and 
afterwards I will haunt you." After 
this conversation, they continued 
about their work as usual, and at six 
o'clock asked the footman to get tea 
for them. While he was in the pan- 
try for that purpose, he heard the 
kitchen door shut, and on his return 
into the kitchen they were both gone. 
The footman afterwards thought he 
heard them up stairs, and therefore 
took no notice of their absence, until 
eight o'clock, when he told his mas- 
ter and mistress. Search was made 
for them about the house, garden, 
and neighbourhood, during the whole 
night ; and early on Tuesday morn- 
ing the same pond was dragged which 
had so recently been the watery grave 
of Martha Viner, when both their bo- 
dies were found in it, lying close to 
each other. The jury returned a 
verdict of — Found drovcned. 

27th — Defeat of another A- 
MERicAN Army. — Government has 
received dispatches from Sir George 
Prevost, communicating the intelli- 
gence of the defeat of another Ame- 
rican army.— We have to regret at 



19* EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Nov. 27. 



the same time the death of General 
Brock, who, with his Aide-de-Camp, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Macdonell, were 
both killed previous to the commence- 
ment of the action, in the defence of 
a post which was first attacked. In 
other respects, the British loss was 
trifling. The following are the par- 
ticulars as transmitted by Major-Ge- 
neral SheafFe, addressed to Sir George 
Prevost, commander in chief : — 

" Fort George, Oct. 13, 1812. 
■ *• Sir— I have the honour of inform- 
ing your Excellency, that the enemy 
made an attack with a considerable 
force this morning before day-hght, 
on the position of Queenstown. On 
receiving intelligence of it, Major- 
General Brock immediately proceed- 
ed to that post, and I am excessively 
grieved in having to add, that he fell 
whilst gallantly cheering his troops 
to an exertion for maintaining it. — 
With him, the position was lost ; 
but the enemy was not allowed to 
retain it long. Reinforcements ha- 
v'rng been sent in from this post, 
composed of regular troops, miUtia, 
and Indians, a movement was made 
to turn his left, whilst some artillery, 
tinder the able directions of Captain 
Holcroft, supported by a body of 
infantry, engaged his attention in 
front. This operation was aided too 
by the judicious position which Nor- 
ton, and the Indians with him, had 
taken on the woody brow of the high 
ground above Queenstown. A com- 
munication bemg. thus opened with 
Chippawa, a junction wasformed with 
succours that had been ordered from 
that post. The enemy was then at- 
tacked, and, after a short but spirit- 
ed conflict, was completely defeated. 
I had the satisfaction of receiving the 
sword of their commander Brigadier- 
General Wadsworth, on the field of 
battle J and many officers, with up- 



wards of 900 men, were made prison- 
ers. A stand of colours and one 6- 
pounder were also taken. The ac- 
tion did not terminate till nearly three 
o'clock in the afternoon, and their 
loss in killed and wounded must have 
been considerable. Ours I believe to 
have been comparatively small ; no 
officer was killed besides Major-Ge- 
neral Brock, and Lieut.-Col. Macdo- 
nell, his aide-de-camp." 

Fashions. — Evening Dress. — A 
white crape or mull muslin petticoat, 
worn over white satin, finished round 
the bottom with a ball fringe of gold ; 
crimson velvet or satin boddice, form- 
ed so as partially to expose the bosom 
and shoulders ; a short bishop's sleeve, 
edged with ball fringe, and ornament- 
ed with the same round the bosom 
and shoulders. A short sash of sha- 
ded ribband, to correspond with the 
colour of the boddice, tied in short 
bows and ends in front of the figure. 
A shepherd's hat, composed of crim- 
son velvet and white satin ; a curled 
ostrich feather, placed entirely on one 
side, and waving towards the back of 
the neck. The hair divided on the 
forehead, and curled on each side, 
rather lower than of late. Treble 
neckchain, and amulet of wrought 
gold ; short drop ear-rings, and brace- 
lets en suite. Crimson velvet or satin 
slippers, trimmed with gold rosettes 
or fringe. White kid gloves, just 
avoiding the elbow. Fan of white 
and silver embossed crape or carved 
ivory. Occasional scarf of white 
French silk, with embroidered ends 
and border. 

Parisian Opera Dress. — An even- 
ing or dinner robe, of white musilin, 
with short fancy sleeve, appliqued 
with lace, and trimmed with a fall 
of the same article round the bosom. 
A loose robe pelisse, of celestial blue 
satin or velvet, trimmed down each 



I 



Nov. SI.] 



CHRONICLE. 



195 



side and round the neck with a full 
swansdown fur, and negligently con- 
fined in the centre of the bosom. An 
imperial helmet cap, composed of blue 
velvet, ornamented with a bandeau 
and beads ; a full white ostrich fea- 
ther, waving towards one side. Neck- 
lace and fancy ear-rings of pearl or of 
the blue satin bead. Slippers of blue 
velvet or kid, with silver clasps or 
small buckle. Gloves of primrose 
kid. — ( Ackermann's Repository. ) 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 
England. — Very little wheat yet 
sown, and, where the seed has been 
put in, the operation has been badly 
performed from the wetness of the 
land. Scarcely any young wheats 
have yet appeared above ground, ex- 
cepting in those few districts where 
very early sowing is practised. The 
backwardness of the season has been 
universal, extending to every branch 
of husbandry. Clover seed and beans 
still abroad, receiving considerable in- 
jury, and not improbably part of the 
latter may remain abroad until the 
return of bean setting. Some oats 
and barley, still out, must be harvest- 
ed by the hogs. The above account 
refers chiefly to our earliest and best 
tilled counties ; in the north, of course, 
the harvest has been still more back- 
ward, expensive, and embarrassing ; 
and, as it seems scarcely practicable 
to complete the required breadth of 
autumnal wheat-sowing, no doubt but 
recourse will be had to spring wheat, 
hitherto so successful, to an unusual 
extent in the ensuing year. Garden 
seeds have generally failed. Boiling 
pease rise but indifferently in Suffolk. 
Much corn is still out in the fen coun- 
ties. The great hurry in the farmers 
of thrashing and sending wheat to 
market is abated, or rather at an end. 



Scotland. — At the beginning of 
the month a considerable number of 
fields, principally after beans and 
pease, remained to be sown with 
wheat, and the weather being fa- 
vourable, the opportunity of bring- 
ing that business to a favourable 
conclusion was eagerly embraced by 
every individual concerned in the mat- 
ter. Happily the most of farmers 
got what they intended sown, in de- 
cent order, previous to the 8th, as 
about that period the weather broke* 
and nothing of any consequence could 
have been done since, on account of 
the ground, especially the clays, be- 
ing completely saturated by frequent 
very heavy rains. From the same 
cause, the ploughing of white stub- 
bles has been considerably retarded ; 
but, at this season of the year, that 
is a subject of no great importance. 
The injury such rains do to turnip 
stock is a matter of higher concern, 
as it is well known that the feeding 
of sheep, in particular, is greatly im- 
peded by a continuance of cold and 
rainy weather. Corn markets have 
been freely supplied of late, without, 
however, any appearance of a dechne 
in prices. As the present high prices 
must, in a great measure, be owing 
to the deficiency of crops in other 
quarters, it is impossible to say whe- 
ther they have seen their height ; but 
one thing is certain — dear grain at so 
early a period of the season, will have 
the necessary effect of compelling 
people to be economists, by which a 
sufficiency may be reserved for the 
summer. Such a remedy is certainly 
harsh, and must be severely felt by 
many ; nevertheless it is evidently 
better than that the country should 
be so completely exhausted, as it was 
at the beginning of last harvest, when 
a single peck of meal could not be 



196 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dec. I. 

had for money in many districts of blues. The streets and Park were 
the country. for this reason also kept by the 10th 

hussars, now under orders to proceed 

with the 15th and 18th to Spain, as 
a brigade, under the command of Ma- 

jor-General Charles Stewart. 
DECEMBER. Her Royal Highness the Princess 

Charlotte of Wales had her seat pre- 
1st. — Opening of Parliament, pared for her upon the woolsack, 
—Soon after twelve o'clock yesterday immediately under the throne. The 
morning the Prince Regent proceed- Prince Regent wore the robes of the 
ed from Carlton-house to St James's king, as exercising the functions of 
Palace, and about one set out from majesty. Being higher in rank than 
thence in his Majesty's state coach. Prince of Wales, and lower than the 
through St James's Park, drawn by king, his royal highness wore a cock- 
the cream-coloured horses, and at- ed hat, the crown and the coronet of 
tended precisely as the king used to the Prince of Wales, the sword ot 
be. The draft from the life guards state and cap of maintenance being 
for service in Spain having prevented borne before him in the procession 
that corps from furnishing the usual from the coach-door to the prince's 
number of guards of honour, the de- chamber, and from thence to the house 
ficiency was made up by the royal in the following order : — 

Officers of the King's Household. 
Heralds and Pursuivants. 
Peers. 
Norroy. Clarencleux. 

Lord Privy Seal. 
Lord President. 
Lord Chancellor. 
Serjeants at Arms, Serjeants at Arms, 

two and two. two and two. 

Black Rod. Garter. 

Earl Marshal of luig- r The Prince of Wales's Coronet, n Deputy Great Cham- 
Jand, with his Gold \ borne by the Chief Officer of his # berlain, with his Wand ; 
Staff, (Duke of Nor-< Royal Highness, as Duke ofCorn-M Lord Gwydir, Deputy 
folk.) i wall ; (Warden of the Stannaries, i for the Heiresses of the 

vEarl of Yarmouth.) ) Duke of Ancaster.) 

Sword of State, borne by j b rnc b V *''^ Marquis of Winchester, 

(_ J premier Marquis. 

Lord in WaitiMg. 
The PRINCE REGENT. 

In the Presence Chamber the Prince Great Chamberlain of England, Lord 

Regent robed, and his train was borne Gwydir, and Black Rod kneeling on 

by the Master of the Robes and two one knee upon the lower step of the 

Pages of Honour. He proceeded in- throne, his Royal Highness bowed 

to the House of Lords, where, being to the Chamberlain, in token of his 

teated on the throne, the Deputy pleasure, when the Black Rod pro- 



Dec. 3.] 



CHRONICLE. 



197 



ceeded to command the attendance 
of the House of Commons ; and in- 
troducing the Speaker and the other 
members to the House of Lords, ac- 
cordinpr to the usual ceremonial, his 
Royal Highness delivered a most gra- 
cious speech from the throne. 

Upon no former occasion were the 
streets more crowded, though the 
weather was unfavourable. 

2d.-0n Wednesday se'ennight, in 
the evening, as Mr Wiggin, miller, 
of Ardington, rear Bridgnorth, was 
returning from Wolverhampton mar- 
ket, he was shot and mortally wound- 
ed by some miscreant, within a mile 
of his own house. It is supposed 
that his horse took fright at the dis- 
charge of the piece, and galloped to 
the turnpike, where Mr Wiggin fell 
off, and expired in about three quar- 
ters of an hour. The ball had passed 
-through his body just below the heart. 
Pursuit was immediately made after 
the murderer, and two suspicious per- 
sons are in custody. 

On Friday week, a young woman, 
in crossing the bridge of Dee, was 
met about the centre of the arch by 
a horse and cart. At the instant of 
her passing them, something startled 
the horse, and he sprung towards the 
side of the bridge on which she stoodf 
Seeing the impossibility of escape, she 
Leaped on the parapet ; in making this 
exertion, however, she lost her balance, 
and was precipitated into the river 
from the tremendous height of this 
bridge, about 50 feet. A boat in- 
stantly put out ; when, wonderful to 
relate, she was taken up in life, and 
is restored to her usual health. 

The following singular circum- 
stance took place on the entrance 
of the French into Moscow : — The 
Archbishop, who was in advanced 
age, whose character was held in the 
highest veneration, and who had com- 



posed a prayer which was much ad- 
mired, was in the act of performing 
divine service, when he was informed 
that the enemy had entered the city. 
He paused for a moment, crossed 
himself, and immediately expired. 

3d. — HuDDERSFiELD. — The spirit 
of I..uddism, which was thought to be 
extinct, has again appeared and raged 
with more than usual violence. Last. 
Sunday night, about a quarter past 
nine o'clock, a number of men armed 
with pistols or short guns, one of 
them with the lower part of hi>» face 
covered with a black handkerchief, 
entered the house of Mr W. Walker, 
of Nt^whall, near Huddersfield, cloth 
manufacturer ; and after taking from 
him a gun, a pistol, and powder-horn, 
demanded his money, and obtained 
from him about 151. in notes, the 
whole of which they offered to return 
him except one, if he would give them 
a guinea in gold : not being aware of . 
this decoy, he took out a small purse, 
containing five guineas, which they 
immediately seized, and took all the 
gold, without returning the notes. 
The chief then proceeded to ransack 
his papers, while others of the party 
presented their pieces at Mr Walker, 
and after cautioning the family, on 
pain of death, not to quit the house 
for two hours after, they departed. 

The same gang, on the same night, 
proceeded to the house of a shop- 
keeper at Fartown, from whom they 
took a gun, with silver and notes to 
the amount of 201. together with a 
pair of silver tea-tongs, and two sil- 
ver tea-spoons ; not content with this 
booty, they went into the cellar, and 
seized a bottle of rum and some pro- 
visions- From thence they went to 
a farmer's house near Fix by ; four 
men entered, two of them armed with 
blunderbusses, a third with a gun, 
and the other with a pistol : tjiv'if 



198 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dec. 4—9. 



first demand was for arms, but on 
being told that the family had nei- 
ther arms nor money, they ordered 
** Enoch, Captain, Serjeant, and 
Hatchetmen, to enter ;'* but on pro- 
mising to find them some money, 
they retired at the word of com- 
mand. Here they received 51. They 
next proceeded to the house of Mr 
James Brook of Bracken-hall, in Far- 
town, where, after conducting them- 
selves in an outrageous manner, they 
took his watch, a pound-note, and 
four shillings in silver. From thence 
they marched to John Wood's, where, 
after breaking the door and windows, 
and rummaging the house, they call- 
ed over the numbers from one to nine, 
and went away. They then went to 
the house of Mr William RadclifFe, 
at Woodside, where they obtained 
111. 10s. 6d. six guineas in gold, and 
between two and three pounds in sil- 
ver, a quantity of tea, sugar, liquors, 
and plate. Their last visit was to the 
house of Moses Ball, Gilly Royd, 
which they plundered of two pounds 
in silver. 

^th. — London.— The metropolis 
was this morning thrown into great 
joy, by the arrival of Captain Drury 
from the Baltic, with dispatches from 
Count Rosen, governorof Stockholm, 
transmitted by Admiral Hope to the 
Admiralty, containing the substance 
of various actions between the Rus- 
sians and the enemy, in which the 
Russians had been completely suc- 
cessful, and the destruction of the 
French very great. 

7th. — On Tuesday last, a man was 
apprehended in St Mary's Wynd, 
Edinburgh, with a large quantity of 
base coin in his possession. Upon 
information being given to the Po- 
lice-ofl&ce, the Lieutenant, with some 
of his attendants, repaired to the spot. 
.On knocking at the door, admittance 



was refused, and the fellow, taking 
alarm, leaped from a room window 
into a neighbouring yard, where he 
was takenj with a large quantity of 
leaden penny pieces and base shillings 
in his possession. He was recognised 
to be an old offender of the name of 
Watson, who had been formerly ba- 
nished from the county of Edinburgh. 
A man of the name of Cowan, and 
his wife, have also been apprehended 
for a similar offence. 

The King's Health. — On Sun- 
day last the following bulletin was 
shewn at St James's Palace : — 
♦' Windsor Castle^ Dec. 6, 1812. 

** Since the last monthly report, 
his majesty has remained free from 
any considerable degree of excite- 
ment." 

( Signed by five physicians. ) 

Commerce. — Comparative view of 
the trade in Scotland in the half-year 
ended the Sth of July 1812, an^ in 
the corresponding part of the year 
1811 :— 

Official value of the imports into 
Scotland in the half-year ended 
5lhJulvl811, - - L.1,168,331 11 5 

Ditto in tne half-year end- 
ed 5th July 1812, - 1,283,524 14 7 

Excess in 1812, - L.115,203 3 2 
Official value of the exports from 
Scotland in the half-year ended 
5th July 1811, - L.1,821,495 7 1 
Ditto in the half-year end- 
ed 5th July 1812, - 2,695,671 9 3 

L.874,n6 2 

9th. — Court of King's Bench. 
— TriE Examiner. — This morning, 
at a very early hour, all the avenues 
leading to the court were crowded 
beyond example, and all the exertions 
of the officers and constables could 
not prevent the crowd of persons 
rushing forward to witness this long- 
expected and interesting trial. It was 



Dec. 9.] 



CHRONICLE. 



195 



with the greatest difficulty, and after 
much delay, a passage could be made 
for the admission of Lord Ellenbo- 
rough and the king's counsel ; at 
length the cause of " The King v. 
John and Leigh Hunt" was called 
on, and a special jury sworn. The 
pleadings being opened by Mr Rich- 
ardson, as junior counsel, for the pro- 
secution, the Solicitor-General stated 
this to be an information against the 
defendants as the printers and pub- 
lishers of a Sunday newspaper, called 
The Examiner, for a gross, scanda- 
lous, and malicious libel on his Royal 
Highness the Prince Regent, pub- 
lished on the 22d March last. The 
libel was conveyed in these terms — 
after some prefatory observations, 
*• In short, that this delightful^ bliss- 
ful, ivisCi pleasurable, honourable, vir- 
tuous, true, and immortal Prince, was 
a violater of his word, a libertine over 
head and ears in debt and disgrace, 
a despiser of domestic ties, the com- 
panion of gamblers and demireps, a 
man who had just closed half a cen- 
tury without one single claim on the 
gratitude of his country or the respect 
of posterity." — The learned Solici- 
tor-General's address was short, lea- 
ving it to the good sense and under- 
standing of the jury to say, whether 
this was not a most infamous and ma- 
lignant libel. 

The publication being proved, and 
the libel read, 

Mr Brougham, as counsel for the 
defendants, made an energetic address 
to the jury, full of sound and signi- 
fying nothing. 

The Solicitor-General spoke at 
some length in reply ; and the learn- 
ed judge having summed up in very 
strong and forceable terms, the jury 
retired for about a quarter of an hour, 
and then brought in a verdict oi Guil- 
ty against both defendants. 



Crim. Con.— — Dundas, Esq. v. 
Lord Sempill. — The SolicitonGe- 
neral said, the plaintiff in this case was 
a gentleman of Edinburgh, who resi- 
ded occasionally in Sweden, where he 
had purchased some property. The 
defendant was a nobleman, consider- 
ably advanced in life, the represen- 
tative of an ancient and respectable 
family, also of Scotland, who by deep 
intrigue had succeeded in alienating 
from the plaintiff the affections of a 
beautiful and accomplished wife, who, 
till seduced by the arts of the defend- 
ant, had been esteemed a pattern for 
other wives in her rank in society. 
That he was actually at this moment 
living with her in a state of adultery. 
There would, this day, be no defence 
set up on the part of the defendant j 
but the jury, after hearing the evi- 
dence that would be laid before them, 
would not fail in giving to the plain- 
tiff such a compensation in damages 
as should shew that the plaintiff had 
been a kind and affectionate husband, 
and that his wife had not, till the mo- 
ment the learned counsel had been 
talking of, forfeited the character of 
a kind and affectionate wife. 

It was stated, that the plaintiff 
possessed property in Sweden, of 
which country he was a nobleman ; 
that his wife and he had been in the 
use of visiting that country every 
year, for the sake of looking after 
their affairs there ; that, for the last 
two years, the plaintiff had gone by 
himself, leaving his wife behind him, 
on account of the hostilities between 
the two countries ; that the plaintiff 
went to Sweden, as usual, in June 
last, leaving his wife at Wickham, 
under the protection of her sister ; 
but on the plaintiff returning to this 
country, unexpectedly, in September, 
on his going to Mordaunt's hotel, in 
Dean-street, Soho, where he had for- 



200 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dec. 16. 



merly put up, he found his wife there, 
■where it appeared that the defendant 
had also taken a room. 

No proof was offered on any fami- 
liarity having taken place at this ho- 
tel, but 

Mrs Sarah Walker, No. 14, Cum- 
berland-street, New Road, proved, 
that the defendant and the plaintiff's 
■wife, who originally passed them- 
selves with her as husband and wife, 
had lived in her house, and had con- 
stantly slept together, from the 21st 
of September last, (being the very 
day of the plaintiff's arrival at Mor- 
daunt's hotel) to the present mo- 
ment. 

Lord Ellenborough, after pointing 
out to the jury the unblemished na- 
ture of the plaintiff's conduct, and 
the provident attention he had paid 
to the protection of his wife, in lea- 
ving her with her sister, Lady Doug- 
las, left it to them to give such com- 
pensation for the injury the plaintiff 
iiad sustained, as, in the circumstances 
of the case, he seemed to merit. 

The jury, after a few minutes con- 
sultation, found for the plaintiff — 
Damages 40001. 

15th. — There is now at Mr Sheriff 
Blades's, (a glassman) on Ludgate 
Hill, a set of chandeliers, which 
has been ordered for his highness 
the nabob, Secunder Tale Behauder, 
Subahdar of the Dekan ; and nothing 
that was ever seen from Germany, 
Venice, or France, can bear a com- 
parison with it for richness, elegance, 
or magnitude. The principal chan- 
delier is eleven feet long, and four 
feet and a half in diameter, with 
thirty lamps in three circles ; it weighs 
five cwt. and is valued at 1000 gui- 
neas. Tliis is considered as the finest 
piece of workmanship hitherto pro- 
duced in England, and decidedly su- 
perior to the celebrated one, sent as 



a present some years since, to the 
Grand Seignor by his majesty. Two 
others, of sixteen lamps each, and of 
equal taste, with sixteen smaller, 
complete the set. They are to be 
the ornaments of the palace at Hy- 
derabad. The great chandelier is to 
be suspended at the head of a state 
stair-case, 50^ feet high, the two 
smaller, crowned with golden circlets, 
and wreathed at the foot with orna- 
ments of grapes and vine leaves, to be 
in the centre of the banqueting room, 
the sixteen others range along the 
wall. The whole are designed by a 
Mr F. Jones. 

IGth Inhuman Murders. 

On Wednesday morning last, as the 
coachman of Mr Alderman Wait was 
breaking the ice in a pond in a field 
near Stuke's Croft turnpike, Brisr 
tol, to water his master's horses, he 
observed several crows hovering over 
an adjoining hedge ; his efforts to 
frighten them away proving ineffec- 
tual, he was induced more minutely 
to examine what it was which so par- 
ticularly attracted their attention ; 
when, shocking to relate, he disco- 
vered the bodies of two new-born in- 
fant children, a boy and a girl, both 
much bruised, and one of them with 
a tape tied twice round its neck, and 
also the head and bones of a third 
infant, which had apparently been 
devoured by the birds, but so mangled 
that its sex could not be discovered. 
They appear to be ail the children of 
one unnatural parent, who has hither- 
to remained undiscovered. The bo- 
dies were removed to the Swan public 
house, and a coroner's inquest sat on 
them on Thursday evening, and re- 
turned a verdict of wilful murder 
against some person or persons un- 
known. 

Admiralty Sessions. — We give 
the following trial at nearly full length, 



Dec. 16,] 



CHRONICLE. 



20| 



on account of the novelty of the cir- 
cumstances attending it, and the rank 
of the defendant. 

Trial of the Marquis of Sli- 
GO. — The court was crowded at an 
early hour, by noblemen and gentle- 
men. On the bench were the Duke 
of Clarence, Lord Dysart, Mr D. 
Brown, Colonel Dillon, &c. The 
noble defendant sat among the coun- 
sel, immediately under the bench. 
Before the indictment was read, an 
application was made to permit the 
defendant to plead guilty to certain 
of the counts, and not to proceed to 
the others. 

Lord Ellenborough said, it was the 
duty of the court to go on with those 
parts of the indictment to which the 
defendant pleaded not guilty. If the 
attorney-general chose to enter a non 
pros, the business was disposed of; 
otherwise the court must go on, 

The indictment, which comprised 
28 counts, was then read. The first 
count charged the Marquis of Sligo 
with a misdemeanour, in having re- 
ceived on board his ship, the Pylades, 
lying at Malta, on the 13th of May, 
1810, one W. Eldon, a seaman be- 
longing to his majesty's ship Mon- 
tague, while in a state of intoxica- 
tion, whom he harboured and con- 
cealed. The second count charged 
the defendant with enticing the said 
W. Eldon to desert. The other 
counts alleged similar facts, in refer- 
ence to other seamen ; and the last 
charged the defendant with the com- 
mission of assault and false imprison- 
ment on all the mariners who had 
been enticed from his majesty's ser- 
vice on board the Pylades. 

Dr Robinson shortly stated the 
circumstances under which those per- 
sons had been enticed by the defend- 
ant, a nobleman of high rank and 
fortune, who, while on his travels, ar- 



rived at Malta, and was there intro» 
duced to Captain Spranger, of the 
Warrior, commanding officer in that 
port. As he wished to make a voy- 
age through the Mediterranean, he 
there purchased a vessel, the Pylades, 
in fitting up which he was assisted by 
Capt. S. and, for two or three weeks, 
he was conveyed to and from the ves- 
sel in the Warrior's gig, which was 
manned by picked sailors, whose 
smartness the defendant particularly 
noticed, and, therefore, he could not 
plead ignorance of their persons when 
they were brought aboard his vessel. 
It happened, during the time the re-r 
pairs were making, that two of these 
men were missing. Captain Sprang- 
er applied for them ; but, as all know- 
ledge of them was denied, he con- 
tented himself with cautioning the 
defendant to beware of harbouring 
any of his majesty's seamen. It- 
would, however, be seen, that not- 
withstanding this caution, these two 
persons, and 13 others, who had de- 
serted from different vessels, were on 
board the Pylades. With respect to 
the first count, it appeared, that on 
the 12th of May, certain seamen be- 
longing to the Montague, obtained 
leave of absence for 24 hours, at 
Malta — that, while on shore, they 
were plied with hquor by the defend- 
ant's servants, and put on board his 
vessel in a state of intoxication — and, 
when they afterwards requested to 
be sent to their ship, it was refused. 
On the 15th of May, the Pylades 
sailed to Palermo, and from thence to 
Messina, at both which places a sort 
of restraint was imposed on the Eng- 
lish seamen, Italian centinels being 
placed over them. In proceeding up 
the Mediterranean, two officers of 
the Active, who had received intelli- 
gence of the deserters, boarded and 
searched the defendant's vessel, but 



202 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dec. 16, 



ineffectually, as the men were conceal- 
ed in a place under the defendant's ca- 
bin, who8tated,onhis word, that there 
were no such persons on board. The 
defendantthensailed to Patmos, where 
a number of the seamen went on 
shore, having been informed that the 
vessel would remain some days, but 
she sailed the same evening, leaving 
them behind. Three of them were 
afterwards taken on board by the 
defendant at Cerico ; the remainder 
were sent by the British consul to 
Smyrna — had been tried by a court- 
martial — and from them some of the 
witnesses were selected. 

- Captain Spranger stated, that the 
defendant was introduced to him by 
letters from Admiral Martin, and he 
lent him every aid, by artificers, gun- 
ners, &c. to equip his brig, which 
was a letter of marque, for sea. 
About a week before sailing. Cap- 
tain S. missed several of his crew ; 
and on the 13th, the day on which 
he did sail, he went on board the 
marquis's brig, and expressed his re- 
gret at having lost some of his men, 
hands being very scarce. He ex- 
pressed his opinion that some men 
were on board the vessel, but the 
defendant pledged his honour he had 
no such men ; and said, he should 
have conceived himself truly ungrate- 
ful, after the kind services Captain 
S. had rendered him, if he could 
have been capable of such an act. 
Captain Spranger sailed, and left a 
particular written description of his 
men who had deserted with the de- 
fendant, who, in return, professed his 
anxiety to apprehend them. The 
defendant also wrote a letter to Cap- 
tain Spranger, after the former had 
sailed, informing him of his having 
some of his men on board from the 
Warrior, and regretting he should 
have 50 treated him (the captain). 



He added, that he was determined to 
get rid of them at the first port, with 
all the other men-of-war's men he 
had on board. 

Four witnesses were then called, 
who swore positively that they were 
made drunk at Malta, and that they 
were hurried, with several others, on 
board the defendant's brig, without 
knowing what they were doing. On 
the subsequent morning, these wit- 
nesses proved that the Marquis of 
Sligo addressed them personally, and 
advised them to change their names 
to prevent detection. The letter of 
the marquis concluded with his de- 
termination to send the men on shore, 
as an act of humanity, rather than to 
inform against them as deserters. It 
happened that the brig was boarded 
by the boats of the Active frigate, 
and the men-of-war's men stowed 
themselves away to avoid detection, 
under the privity of the captain. A 
multiplicity of other evidence was 
adduced in support of the prosecu- 
tion, which, from want of room, we 
cannot enter into. 

Mr Dauncey addressed the jury 
on behalf of the defendant with much 
force and ability. He admitted, as 
the organ of his client, that the latter 
had offended the laws ; and having so 
erred, he made no hesitation ia ma- 
king a full confession of that error. 
The learned counsel observed, that 
the offence with which the noble 
lord stood charged, and which he 
had openly avowed, arose from erro- 
neous judgment, aided by the incon- 
siderate heat and folly of youth, the 
noble lord being at that time scarce- 
ly of age, and in eager pursuit of a fa- 
vourite and laudable object. The 
noble marquis had offered, before the 
commencement of the trial, to plead 
guilty to certain counts, which char- 
ged him with having concealed sea- 



Dec. 17.] 



CHRONICLE. 



203 



I men in the service of His majesty's 
navy ; but he never could acknow- 
ledge having seduced the seamen from 
I their allegiance and duty to their so- 
▼ereign ; it was an act at which the 
noble marquis would spurn. As the 
grandson of the noble Earl Howe, 
It were a burlesque to suppose he 
•would disloyally seduce, by any me- 
thods, his majesty's seamen. He was 
at that time carrying 18 guns on 
board his own hrig, and was at the 
same time ready to give battle to the 
enemy. 

After the speech of the learned 
counsel, which lasted two hours, se- 
ven witnesses were called to prove 
the defendant's innocence of having 
seduced the seamen from their duty. 
J. Needen, servant to the marquis, 
deposed, that he was employed to 
procure hands to man his master's 
brig, at Malta, in May, 1810. He 
had engaged a party of seamen at a 
"wine-house, at Malta, on the 13th of 
May, at the rate of 18 dollars per 
month. The defendant particularly 
cautioned the witness not to engage 
any men from a king's ship, and 
every precaution was taken not to do 
so. Witness denied that the men 
were drunk when he took them on 
board, and swore positively that nei- 
ther he nor his master had any know- 
ledge of their belonging to the na- 
vy. Witness, in contradiction to 
what was stated on the part of the 
prosecution, denied that the seamen 
were ever confined in the vessel, but 
that they had liberty, and did go on 
in shore when they chose. He also 
» swore that, instead of the men ha- 
ving been left on shore at Cerico, 
they would not return, when the ne- 
cessary signals were made for sailing, 
viz. — hoisting the Blue Peter, firing 
guns, &c. and the vessel hove about 



in sight the greater part of the next 
day. 

This testimony was corroborated 
by the other witnesses, who all con- 
curred in earnest belief that the de- 
fendant never knew the seamen had 
deserted from men-of-war, nor did 
any of the crew, until they were con- 
cealed, when overhauled by the boats 
from the Active frigate. 

At twelve o'clock Lord EUenbo- 
rough began to sum up the evidence ; 
and at a quarter before two, after a 
short consultation in the box, the ju- 
ry found his Lordship guilty of all 
the counts in the indictment, except 
one, for false imprisonment. 

The judge (Sir WiUiam Scott) 
then ordered, that his lordship, w ho 
was in court, should enter into re- 
cognizance to appear to-morrow to 
receive judgment. 

17th — Second Day. — An affida- 
vit was put in by his lordship, expres- 
sive of his regret that he should have 
ofFended the laws. The affidavit re- 
gretted that his lordship should have 
been misled by his own indiscretion. 
He denied having the slightest know- 
ledge of the seamen being men-of- 
war's men, until after he had them 
on board. He had refused to keep 
two men whom he understood from 
his servant were such ; and he had 
no excuse to offer for his rashness in 
not restoring the other men to their 
ships, instead of concealing them. 

Sir William Scott passed sentence 
on the noble lord in a most impres- 
sive manner. He dwelt with much 
force on the mischievous tendency of 
the crime with which the noble lord 
had been convicted, and said the cir- 
cumstances were aggravated when the 
rank and fortune of the defendant were 
considered. The learned judge con- 
cluded with observing, that the coon- 



00* EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dec. 18, 



try -expected justice to be done in the 
sentence he was about to pronounce, 
as an admonition to others. He then 
sentenced the noble defendant to pay 
a fine of 50001. to the king, and to be 
imprisoned four months in his majes- 
ty's gaol of Newgate ; and that he 
should be further imprisoned until 
such fine be paid. 

The marquis was immediately con- 
ducted through the court to Newgate 
by the sheriff and Mr Newman. 

MuRDKR. — J. Bruce was indicted 
at these sessions for the wilful murder 
of J. Dean, a youth 17 years old, on 
the l^th of September, in the county 
of Pembroke, South Wales. 

The evidence attendmg the case 
exhibited much barbarity. It ap- 
peared that the prisoner called at the 
house of Waters, a ferryman, at Mil- 
ford Haven, on the evening of the 
day stated, and asked to be ferried 
over to Aichen. Waters, who keeps 
a public-house, was gone to bed, and 
the ferry was locked. The prisoner 
requested to have a bed, but there 
was not one disengaged, and the land- 
lord permitted him to sleep on the 
settle in tlie tap-room. In the morn- 
ing the prisoner said he should not go 
over the water, but would go angling. 
Some time after, Waters found it ne- 
cessary to send his boy (the deceased ) 
over tiie water for a cask of ale. Sec. 
and he gave him all. note, and Ss. 
The prisoner saw the money given 
to the deceased, and he agreed to go 
across v/ith him. Waters afterwards 
saw the body, when dead. 

The next witness was T. Blessbo- 
rough, a quarryman, who stated, that 
he was at work on the side of the wa- 
ter opposite to Milford Haven, on the 
day of the murder, with some soldiers, 
when he heard the cry of murder from 
off the water, and he knew the voice 



of the boy, but suspected that he had 
got some workmen on board who were 
thrashing him, and no further notice 
was taken of it at the time. In a 
few minutes after the cry of murder 
was repeated, but more faint, although 
nearer ; and in a short time after there 
was another faint cry of murder. It 
was a foggy and hazy morning, and 
witness could just perceive a boat on 
the water, with a man standing up- 
right in it, and a boy was in the wa- 
ter endeavouring to save himself by 
catching hold of the boat, whjch the 
man prevented by loosing his hands 
with an oar. The body of the boy 
was found at some distance below the 
spot. The boat was also picked up, 
and the bottom was covered with 
blood, and a 1/. note, which Waters 
had given to the deceased boy, was 
found there. 

J. H. Gregory, a surgeon, proved 
that the boy's throat had been cut in 
a shocking manner, and the head was 
otherwise much bruised. There were 
two or three incisions, and such had, 
no doubt, occasioned death. 

On the prisoner being called on for 
his defence, he observed — " The 
charge is true." 

The jury, without hesitation, found 
the prisoner guilty. — He begged for 
time to make his peace with God. 

Sir W. Scott passed sentence of 
death on the prisoner, and ordered 
him for execution on the spot on Sa- 
turday next ; and that his body should 
afterwards be delivered to the sur- 
geons for dissection. The execution 
was subsequently ordered to be postr 
poned till Monday next, on account 
of the tide serving more particularly 
on that day. 

18th The Alban cutter. Lieu- 
tenant Key, was driven in from her 
Station on the coast of Holland, and 



Bfic. 20.} 



CHRONICLE. 



205 



being forced on shore at Aldborough, 
in Suffolk, became a complete wreck. 
Out of a crew of 56 men, only one 
seaman was saved. The surgeon, Mr 
Thompson, came on shore with some 
life in him, but died immediately af- 
ter. There were also three women 
and two children on board, of whom 
one woman, the servant of Mrs Key, 
was saved. 

The following particulars of the 
loss of this vessel are stated by a gen- 
tleman who was a spectator of this 
deplorable catastrophe. He says, that 
the cutter had been cruising, or was 
going to cruize, on the coast of Hol- 
land ; that, owing, it is supposed, to 
the ignorance of the pilot, she had 
struck on a sand-bank, when they 
■were obliged to throw the guns over- 
board, and cut away their mast, 
after which they drifted at the mer- 
cy of most tremendous weather for 
three days, when they were driven, on 
Friday morning, at eight o'clock, on 
the beach in front of the town of Ald- 
borough. The surf was so high that 
noboatcould be put off ; butthe beach 
being steep, the vessel was thrown up 
very high, and the tide retreating, 
the people of the town were soon 
able to reach the vessel. Though all 
the crew seemed to be safe at eight, 
by nine there were only three remain- 
ing alive — a young man, a woman, 
(servant to the captain's wife) and 
the surgeon. The crew consisted of 
56, Mrs Key, wife of Lieutenant 
Key, who commanded the vessel, iind 
two children. The surgeon unac- 
countably jumped overboard at the 
time that relief was giving to them, 
and was lost. The great loss of lives 
seems to have been occasioned by the 
state of intoxication of the men, some 
of whom were found drowned in the 
vessel. As the cutter did not go to 



pieces, it is difficult otherwise to ac- 
count for such a melancholy catas- 
trophe. 

20th. — When the Emperor Alex- 
ander received the reports of the last 
Russian victories, he gav^ to the il- 
lustrious Kutusoff the Appropriate 
title of Prince of Smolensko, and 
made him a Knight of the Order of 
St George of the first class — 'an ho- 
nour seldom conferred, and only up- 
on Field-Marshals who have defeated 
Field-Marshals. Admiral Tschicha- 
goff's father was the last officer who 
received this honour. 

24th. Melancholy Catas- 
trophe. At Mill of Elrick, on 

Tuesday morning last, the miller, of 
the name of Walker, his wife, and a 
child, were all found dead in their 
sleeping apartment, as it would ap- 
pear from the following cause : — » 
The preceding evening, in the small 
bed -room in which they slept, a quan- 
tity of wet sheUings of corn, com- 
monly called " shelling sids,*' had 
been put on the fire, as is termed for 
the purpose of resting it during the 
night ; and the fire being opened 
partly, so as to allow it to burn, the 
smoke thereby occasioned spreading 
through the room, proved fatal to 
this unfortunate part of the family. 
The woman was dead in her bed, 
with her child on her arm : but the 
man was found sitting on a chair 
near the bed, and leaning forward, 
having vomited a little ; but neither 
from this, nor any exertion he had 
been able to make, could he, as it 
appears, gain the door, in his then 
weak, and probably in part, insensi- 
ble state, so as to escape the delete- 
rious effects of the vitiated air, in 
which these unwary sufferers had been 
involved, and to which they fell vic- 
tims. 



.206 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dec.26— SI. 



26th His Royal Highness the 

Prince Regent, acting in the name 
and on the behalf of his Majesty, has 
been pleased to cause it to be signi- 
fied, by Lord Castlereagh, his Ma- 
jesty's Principal Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs, to the Miiristers 
of the friendly powers residing at 
this court, that the necessary mea- 
sures have been taken, by the com- 
mand of his Royal Highness, for the 
blockade of the ports and harbours 
of the Bay of the Chesapeake, and 
of the River Delaware, in the United 
States of America ; and that from 
this time all the measures authorised 
by the law of nations will be adopted 
and executed, with respect to all ves- 
sels which may attempt to violate the 
said blockade. 

29th We are sorry to announce 

that official accounts of the capture 
of the Macedonian, of 38 guns and 
390 men, by the United States, of 4<4f 
guns and 450 men, have arrived. The 
Macedonian was gloriously fought ; 
no officer but the boatswain was kill- 
ed, it appears, although 104- persons 
were killed and wounded. The par- 
ticulars were brought by the Wolve- 
rine. 

31st.-BANK-NoTES.-An account 
of the amount of Bank-Notes and 
Bank Post Bills has been presented 
to the House of Commons, whence 
it appears, that on the 5th instant 
there were in circulation- 
Bank-notes of 51. and up- 
wards, L.14,337,950 

Ditto under 51. 7,604,790 

Post-bills, 1,004.860 



April, 1812, inclusive, to the 10th 
of December, 1812— 
2,326,244 Silver Tokens, of 

3s. each, ----- L.348,936 12 
1,347,766 ditto, of Is. 6d. each, 101,082 9 

L.450,019 1 
Silver Tokens issued by the Bank 

of England, from the 9th of July, 

1811, to the 10th of December, 

1812— 

9,548,600 Silver Tokens, 

3s. each, - - - L.1,432,803 10 O 

4,708,937 ditto, of Is. 6d. 

each, ----- 353,170 5 6 



Total Bank-paper in cir- 
culation, - - - L.22,947,600 

Bank Tokens. — An account of 
all the Silver Tokens issued by the 
Bank of England, from the lith of 



L.1,785,473 15 6 

N. B.— The Tokens are of the Dollar 

standard. — ^The weight of the 3s. Token is 

9 dwts, 11 grs.; the weight of the Is. 6d. 

Token is 4 dwts. 17^ grs. 

Bow-Street.-Robbery at the 
PosT-OpFicE.-Yesterday Mr Nares, 
the sitting magistrate, was occupied 
nearly the whole of the day in inves- 
tigating several charges of a compli- 
cated nature of robberies at the Ge- 
neral Post-Office. The substance of 
the circumstances is as follows : — 

For some time complaints have been 
made at the Post-office, of letters, 
containing bills of exchange, country- 
notes, and Bank of England notes, 
being lost, and also that notes had 
been taken out. Every assistance 
was given to the parties complaining 
by the agents for the Post-office, but 
no trace could be made of the stolen 
property. Several persons in the 
Post-office were suspected, but the 
ground of suspicion was not suffi- 
ciently strong to take them into cusr 
tody. At length some Bank of Eng- 
land notes that had been paid for some 
country bank-notes which had been 
stolen were traced to William Grif- 
fiths, the beadle and chapel-clerk of 
Bridewell hospital ; and al though he 
was considered a respectable man, yet 



Dec. 31.] 



CHRONICLE. 



267 



not giving a satisfactory account as 
to how he became possessed of them, 
he was taken into custody on the 21st 
instant. The account he gave of the 
notes was, that he received them from 
his wife, whom he did not cohabit 
with. It being learnt that she resi- 
ded in Park-place, Kennington, early 
the following morning Vickery went 
to the house described ; he was an- 
swered by a female servant, who said 
her mistress was at home, but not up. 
Vickery went to her bed-room, and 
found her and a man asleep in bed 
together, a dog in bed with them, 
and two dogs on the pillows asleep 
also ; the officer soon awoke the whole 
tribe, when a very uncommon scene 
was presented : the dogs barked vio- 
lently and flew at Vickery, Mrs Grif- 
fiths went into fits, but the officer 
having some of the patrole at hand, 
soon secured her and her gallant.—- 
He afterwards proceeded to search 
the premises, and in the bed-room 
where they were, he found a number 
of Bank of England notes. He se- 
cured his prisoners, and yesterday was 
the day appointed for a full investi- 
gation. The mystery was in a great 
measure explained by the man found 
in bed with Mrs Griffiths, who pro- 
ved to belong to the General Post- 
office. 

William Griffiths, the husband, 
being admitted an evidence for the 
crown, his deposition was read over, 
from which it appeared, that he and 
his wife had separated in October 
1811, by mutual consent. For some 
time past she had applied to him to 
get bills and notes changed for her. 
On the morning of Saturday the 28th 
of November last, she called on him, 
and asked him to get her some coun- 
try notes changed ; he rephed, that 
he wished all the notes were at the 
4—1, However, on her pressing him, 



and his examining them, and finding 
they were Worcester and Evesham / 
bank-notes, and as he had got a New- 
bury note to get changed, and had to 
go into the city, he agreed to get 
them changed, which he did, but not 
all on the same day. He took the 
Bank of England notes he had recei- 
ved for the country notes to his wife, 
at her house in Park -place ; but was 
not positive that they were the iden- 
tical notes he had received for the 
country notes, as he had mixed them 
with the notes he had got in exchange 
for the Newbury note. He denied 
receiving any part of the notes, or in 
any way participating in the amount 
for his trouble, except that he did not 
pay his wife so much as a separate 
maintenance, since he had been in the 
habit of getting notes changed for 
her, she telling him she received them 
from a friend. The way his wife got 
money, besides what he allowed her, 
was by letting lodgings : the other 
prisoner, Henry Johns, lodged with 
her. 

Mrs Griffiths was asked what she 
had to say to her husband's statement. 
She replied, a great deal of it was true, 
and a great deal of it was false. She 
refused to tell who she received the 
notes from ; and denied most solemn- 
ly that she received them from Henry 
Johns. 

Johns was then brought into the 
office, and the evidence of William 
Griffiths read over to him ; he denied 
the statement relative to himself. 

Mr Hope, of Pershore, in Worces- 
tershire, said, that on the 27th of No- 
vember last, he put into a letter diffe- 
rent bank-notes to the amount of 1551. 
and put it into the Post-office, direct- 
ed to Messrs Robarts and Co. Lom- 
bard-street, on account of theTewks- 
bury Bank. 

Miss Hope, his daughter, corro- 



208 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dec. SL 



borated this testimony, and proved 
the numbers and full description of 
the notes. 

The corresponding clerk belong- 
ing to Robarts's bank stated^ that 
all letters relative to the business of 
the house passed through his hands, 
and no such letter came to him on 
the 28th of November, which would 
have been the regular course of the 
post, nor had it since. 

Several of the notes in this letter 
were proved to have been exchanged 
for Bank of England notes, by Wil- 
liam Griffiths. The Inspectors of 
General Post Letter Deliverers pro- 
ved, that the prisoner Johns had be- 
longed to the General Post-office a- 
bout ten years ; that it was custom- 
ary to promote some of them to be 
sub-sorters, and he being considered 
a very steady and respectable young 
man, was made one of them. He 
was on duty as a sorter on Saturday 
morning, the 28th of November, when 
all the letters directed to Robarts's 
house must have passed through his 
hands, and at which time, in due 
course, Mr Hope's letter would have 
passed through the Post- office. Vick- 
ery, the officer, produced a number 
of bank-notes, which he found in the 
bed-room where Mrs Griffiths and 
Henry Johns were in bed together ; 
and they were proved to have been 
got in exchange for the notes that 
had been stolen from letters. 

The prisoners were cummitted for 
further examination. 

Fashions. — Notwithstanding the 
severity of the season, morning dress- 
es continue to be made in muslin, 
which is more general than any thing 
else ; there are, however, some in 
twilled stuffs, which are exceedingly 
neat, and certainly very appropriate 
to the time of the year. 
.-The Russian wrap, in twilled 



stuffs, is a very neat morning dress, 
and begins to be a favourite. 

For dinner dresses velvets are con- 
sidered as the most elegant ; next to 
this in estimation is satni cloth ; but 
sarsnets, both plain and twilled, sa-* 
tins (white particularly,) Merino 
cloth, and rich worked muslins, are 
likewise worn. 

Coloured velvet bodies, over white 
satin and muslin dresses, are much 
worn, and have a very elegant effect. 

For full dresses we have nothing 
new to announce, except that the bo- 
soms and shoulders of our fair coun- 
trywomen are more than ever expo* 
sed. — La Belle Assemblee. 

Evening Dress. — A round robe of 
fine Georgian cloth, a pale olive co- 
lour, with full puckered sleeves of 
white satin. The waist ornamented 
in horizontal waves of crimson and 
gold trimming ; bows of the same at 
the pockets and on the shoulders, 
and bordering at the feet to corre* 
spond. 

Morning or Carriage Costume. — ^ 
A Russian mantle, of pale fawn-co- 
loured cloth or velvet, with capes of 
the same ; trimmed entirely round 
with Angola fur or full feathered 
border, and lined with rose-coloured 
sarsnet, tied in front of the throat 
with a ribbon of a corresponding co- 
lour. A traveller's bat, composed of 
fawn-colour and rose velvet, with 
curled ostrich feathers on one side.— 
Akermann's Repository. 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 
The severe weather in the early 
part of last month has had varied ef- 
fects on the pursuits of agriculture, 
the most conspicuous of which con- 
sisted in the change of employment 
among the working cattle upon the 
farm, by directing their labour from 
the plough to the cart ; as the atten. 
6 



Dec. 3i.] 



CHRONICLE. 



209 



live farmer will not lose the opportu- 
nity of conveying the manure upon 
his tender soils at the moment it can 
be done without injury from the 
trampling of the animals and the 
track of the wheels ; but the early 
frost that is so propitious to this la- 
bour, makes great inroad into the 
winter stock of provisions. The late 
fall of snow, and sudden thaw, has 
greatly revived the flag of the wheat 
plant, which had apparently suffered 
in point of colour from the preceding 
frosty nights. 

The late severe weather has in- 
creased the barn labour, to furnish 
straw foV the cattle ; but the deficien- 
cy of corn produce in the year 1811, 
with the great demand for seed last 
autumn, has run so far into the last 
year's produce, as to prevent the 
price of corn from being reduced so 
much as was expected from the late 
apparently favourable season and 
productive harvest. 

Barley has come more freely to 
market since the great demand for 
straw. — The quality is strong, and 
the yield abundant. 

The soiling crops for next spring 
had, before the frost set in, formed a 
strong flag and good covering to the 
soil ; which, consequently, will pro- 
tect the root through the winter. 



We conclude our Chronicle for tlie 
present year with a summary of Buo- 
naparte's disastrous campaign; a cam- 
paign, the ruinous effects orwhich his 
armies never recovered, and which 
tended not a little to accelerate his 
final ruin. 

We have appended also a few ex- 
tracts from his 29th and last bulle- 
tin relative to this campaign, that 
our readers may be readily enabled 
to compare the tone of despondence, 

VOL. V. PART n. 



ruin, and misery throughout this pro- 
duction, with the presumptuous lan- 
guage of the manifesto which he is- 
sued on entering the Russian terri- 
tory. 

Buonaparte carried with him into 
Russia twelve corps d'armee, or di- 
visions, each 25,000 strong, making 
a total force of 300,000 m«n. They 
were under the command of Murat, 
Beauharnois, Oudinot, Ney, Da- 
voust, Mortier, Victor, Macdonald, 
Bessieres, and Poniatowski. Besides 
these twelve divisions, there was the 
Austrian army under Schwartzen- 
berg, which did not accompany the 
grand army, but remained in Volhy- 
nia — Augereau remained in Pomera- 
nia with the reserve — Victor was sta- 
tioned in the rear, and did not accom- 
pany Buonaparte to Moscow. He 
was afterwards ordered up to rein- 
force Murat, but never, we believe, 
proceeded farther than Smolensk, 
circumstances rendering it necessary 
for him to reinforce Oudinot's divi- 
sion. Macdonald, as our readers 
know, was to besiege Riga with his 
division, composed of French and* 
Prussian troops, Oudinot was station- 
ed on the Dwina, to act against 
Wittgenstein. If we deduct from 
the total force of the enemy, the 
amount of these three divisions, Mac- 
donald's, Oudinot's, and Victor's, 
which did not accompany the grand 
army to Moscow, we shall find that 
Buonaparte set out from Wilna with 
225,000 men. When he left Mos- 
cow he had not 85,000 effective men, 
so that he had lost in the battles with 
the Russians at Smolensk, Borodino, 
at and near Moscow, and by sick; 
ness and the climate, l-tOjOOO men. 
Of the 85,000 men that set out from 
Moscow, full 40,000 were killed, 
wounded, taken, or died of hun- 
ger and cold in the march from Mos- 
o 



210 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. [Dkc. 31. 



cow to Smolensk. So that there 
could not be collected at Smolensk, 
supposing the shattered remains of all 
these nine corps to reach it, more than 
between 40 and 50,000 men. Mac- 
donald's corps, which was at Mittau, 
though it was defeated in a joint at- 
tempt with Oudinot to beat Witt- 
genstein, has suffered less loss than 
any of the twelve corps. Oudinot's 
corps lost in the action of Polotsk, 
and subsequent retreat to Lepel, 
6000 men. The Batavian division, 
which formed part of it, was then cut 
off and nearly annihilated. The re- 
mainder was joined by Victor, and 
completely defeated at Tchamiki, on 
the Oula j so that both Oudinot's 
and Victor's divisions must have suf- 
fered nearly, if not quite as much, as 
any of the divisions that advanced to 
Moscow. 

Extract from the itoenty-ninth Bid- 
letin. 
MolodetBchno, Dec. 3, 1812. 
** To the 6th of November the wea- 
ther was fine, and the movement of 
the army was executed with the great- 
est success. The cold weather be- 
gan on the 7th ; from that moment 
we every night lost several hundred 
horses, which died in consequence of 
bivouacking. Arrived at Smolensk, 
we had already lost many cavalry and 
artillery horses. 

The Russian army from Volhynia 
was opposcdto our right. Their right 
left the Minsk line of operations, and 
took for the pivot of its operations 
the Warsaw line. 

On the 9th the emperor was in- 
formed at Smolensk of this change in 
the line of operations, and conceived 
what the enemy would do. How- 
ever hard it appeared to him to put 
himself in movement during so cruel 
a season, the new state of things de- 
manded it. He expected to arrive at 
Minsk) or at least upon the Berezina, 



before the enemy ;. on the 13th he 
quitted Smolensk ; on the 16th- he 
slept at Krasnoi. 

The cold which began on the 7th, 
suddenly increased, and on the 14th, 
15th, and 16th, the thermometer was 
16 and 18 degrees below the freezing 
point. The roads were covered with 
ice, the cavalry, artillery, and bag- 
gage horses perished every night, not 
only by hundreds, but by thousands. 

In a few days more than 30,000 
horses perished ; our cavalry were on 
foot, our artillery and our baggage 
were without conveyance. It was 
necessary to abandon and destroy a 
good part of our cannon, ammuni- 
tion, and provisions. 

This army, so fine on the 6th, was 
very different on the 14th ; almost 
without cavalry, without artillery, 
without transports ; without cavalry, 
we could not reconnoitre a quarter of 
a league's distance ; without artille- j 
ry, we could not risk a battle, and 
firmly await it ; it was requisite to 
march, in order not to be constrained 
to a battle, which the want of ammu- 
tion prevented us from doing, it wa9 
requisite to occupy a certain space 
not to be turned, and that too with- 
out cavalry, which led and connected 
the columns. This difficulty, joined 
to the cold which suddenly came on, 
rendered our situation miserable. 
Those men whom nature had not suf- 
ficiently steeled to be above all the 
chances of fate and fortune, appeared 
shook, lost their gaiety, their good- 
humour, and dreamed but of misfor- 
tunes and catastrophes. 

The enemy, who saw upon the 
road traces of that frightful calamity 
which had overtaken the French ar- 
my, endeavoured to take advantage 
of it. He surrounded all the columns 
with his Cossacks, who carried off, 
like the Arabs in the desert, the 
trains and carriages which separated. 



t)EC. 31.] 



CHRONICLE. 



211 



This coateihptible cavalry, which on- 
ly makes noise, and is not capable of 
penetrating through a company of 
Voltigeurs, rendered themselves for- 
midable, by favour of circumstances." 

In this state of affairs Buonaparte 
deserted his army and fled to Paris : 
the following account of his journey 
and arrival is given by the French 
journalists. 

Paris, Dec. 18. 

On the 5th of December, the em- 
peror having called together at his 
head- quarters at Smorgony, the Vice- 
roy, the Prince of Neufchatel, and 
Marshals Dukes of Elchingen, Dant- 
zic, Treviso, the Prince of Eckmuhl, 
the Duke of Istria, acquainted them, 
that he had nominated the King of 
Naples his lieutenant-general, to com- 
mand the army during the rigorous 
season. His majesty, in passing 
through Wilna, was employed seve- 
ral hours with the Duke of Bassano. 



His majesty travelled incognito, in a 
single sledge, under the name of the 
Duke of Vicenza. ■• 

His majesty arrived on the 1-tth, at 
one o'clock in the morning, at Dres- 
den, and alighted at the house of his 
minister, Count Serra. 

He had a long conference with the 
King of Saxony, and immediately af- 
terwards pursued his journey, taking 
the road of Leipsic and Mentz. 

M. de Montesquiou, aid-decamp 
of the Prince of Neufchatel, dispatch- 
ed by the emperor from his head- 
quarters at Seliche, on the 2d of De- 
cember, with dispatches for the emi- 
press, arrived at Paris last night. 
Paris, Dec. 19. 

His majesty the emperor .arrived 
here yesterday at half past eleven in 
the evening ; he received the princes, 
grand dignitaries, the ministers^ and 
great officers. 



APPENDIX. 



APPENDIX. 



STATE PAPERS.-BRITISH. 



No. I. 

'Ihe Prince Regent* s Speech on 
opening Parliament. Jaru 7. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

We are commanded by his Royal 
Highness the Prince Regent to ex- 
press to you the deep sorrow which 
he feels in announcing to you the 
continuance of his majesty's lamented 
indisposition, and the unhappy disap- 
pointment of those hopes of his ma- 
jesty's early recovery which had been 
cherished by the dutiful affection of 
his family and the loyal attachment 
of his people. 

The prince regent has directed co- 
pies of the last reports of her majes- 
ty the queen's council to be laid be- 
fore you, and he is satisfied that you 
will adopt such measures as the pre- 
sent melancholy exigency may ap- 
pear to require. 

In securing a suitable and ample 
provision for the support of his ma- 
jesty's royal dignity, and for the at- 
tendance upon his majesty's sacred 
person during his iUness, the prince 
regent rests assured, that you will 
also bear ia mind the indispensable 
duty of continuing to preserve for his 



majesty the facility of resuming the 
personal exercise of his royal autho- 
rity in the happy event of his reco- 
very, so earnestly desired by the 
wishes and the prayers of his family 
and subjects. 

The prince regent directs us to 
signify to you the satisfaction with 
which his royal highness has obser- 
ved, that the measures which have 
been pursued for the defence and se- 
curity of the kingdom of Portugal 
have proved completely effectual ; 
and that on the several occasions in 
which the British or Portuguese 
troops had been engaged with the 
enemy, the reputation already ac- 
quired by them has been fully main- 
tained. 

The successful and brilliant enter- 
prize, which terminated with the sur- 
prise, in Spanish Estremadura, of a 
French corps by a detachment of the 
allied army under Lieutenant -Gene- 
ral Hill, is highly creditable to that 
distinguished officer, and to the 
troops under his command, and has 
contributed •naterially to obstruct 
the designs of the enemy in that part 
of the peninsula. 

The prince regent is assured, that 
while you reflect with pride and sa- 
tisfaction on the conduct of his ma- 



2ie 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



jesty's troops, and of the allies, in 
these various and important services, 
you will render justice to the con- 
summate judgment and skill display- 
ed by General Lord Viscount Wel- 
lington in the direction of the cam- 
paign. In Spain, the spirit of the 
people remains unsubdued ) and the 
system of war, so peculiarly adapted 
to the actual condition of the Spanish 
nation, has been recently extended 
and improved, under the advantages 
which result from the operations of 
the allied armies on the frontier, and 
from the countenance and assistance 
of his majesty's nary on the coast. 
Although the great exertions of the 
<?nemy have in some quarters been at- 
tended with success, his royal high- 
ness is persuaded, that you will ad- 
mire the perseverance and gallantry 
manitested by the Spanish armies. 
Even in those provinces principally 
occupied by the French forces, new 
energy has arisen among the people ; 
and the increase of difficulty and dan- 
ger has produced more connected ef- 
forts of general resistance. 

The prince regent, in the name 
and on the behalf of his majesty, com- 
mands us to express his confident 
hope that you will enable him to con- 
tinue to afford the most effectual aid 
and assistance in the support of the 
contest, which the brave nations of 
the peninsula still maintain with such 
unabated zeal and resolution. 

His royal highness commands us 
to express his congratulations on the 
success of the British arms in the is- 
land of Java. 

Tiie prince regent trusts that you 
will concur with his royal highness in 
approving the wisdom and ability 
with which this enterprize, as well as 
the capture of the islands of Bourbon 
and Mauritius, has been conducted 
under the immediate direction of the 



governor general of India, and that 
you will applaud the decision, gallan- 
try and spirit, conspicuously display- 
ed in the late operations of the brave 
army under the command of that dis- 
tinguished officer Lieutenant-Gene- 
ral Sir Samuel Auchmuty, so power- 
fully and ably supported by his ma- 
jesty's naval forces. 

By the completion of this system 
of operations, great additional secu- 
rity will have been given to the Bri- 
tish commerce and possessions in the 
East Indies, and the colonial power 
of France will have been entirely ex- 
tinguished. 

His royal highness thinks it expe- 
dient to recommend to your attention 
the propriety of providing such mea- 
sures for the future government of 
the British possessions in India as 
shall appear from experience, and up- 
on mature deliberation, to be calcula- 
ted to secure their internal prosperi- 
ty, and to derive from those flourish- 
ing dominions the utmost degree of 
advantage to the commerce and re- 
venue of the united kingdom. 

We are commanded by the prince 
regent to acquaint you, that while his 
royal highness regrets that various 
important subjects of difference with 
the government of the United States 
of America still remain unadjusted, 
the difficulties which the affair of the 
Chesapeake frigate had occasioned 
have been finally removed ; and we 
are directed to assure you, that in the 
further progress of the discussions 
with the United States, the prince 
regent will continue to employ such , 
means of conciliation as may be con- 
sistent with the honour and dignity of 
his majesty's crown, and with the due 
maintenance of the maritime and com- 
mercial rights and interests of the 
British empire. 

Geiitlemen of the House of Cora- 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



2r 



mons, — His royal highness has di- 
rected the estimates for the service of 
the current year to be laid before 
you. He trusts that you will furnish 
him with such suppHes as may be ne- 
cessary ta enable him to continue the 
contest in which his majesty is enga- 
ged, with that spirit and exertion 
which will afford the best prospect of 
its successful termination. 

His royal highness commands us 
to recommend that you should re- 
sume the consideration of the state of 
the finances of Ireland, which you 
had commenced in the last session of 
parliament. He has the satisfaction 
to inform you, that the improved re- 
ceipt of the revenue of Ireland in the 
last, as compared with the preceding 
year, confirms the belief, that the de- 
pression which that revenue had ex- 
perienced is to be attributed to acci- 
dental and temporary causes. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, — The 
prince regtnt is satisfied that you en- 
tertain a jut-t senseof the arduous du- 
ties which his royal highness has been 
called upon to fulfil, m consequence 
of his majesty's continued indisposi- 
tion. 

Under this severe calamity, his 
royal highness derives the greatest 
consolation from his reliance on your 
experienced wisdom, loyalty, and pub- 
lic spirit ; to which, in every diffi- 
culty, he will resort, with a firm con- 
fidence, that, through your assistance 
and support, he shall be enabled, un- 
der the blessings of Divine Provi- 
dence, successfully to discharge the 
important functions of the high trust 
reposed in him ; and in the name and 
on the behalf of his beloved father and 
revered sovereign, to maintain, unim- 
paired, the prosperity and honour of 
the nation. 



Declaration of the Members of the 
Queen's Council respecting the 
State of his Majesty's Healthy 5th 
of Jan. Ibl2. 

We, the under- written members of 
the council, &c. having duly met to- 
gether, on this 4th day of Jan. 1812, 
at the Queen's Lodge, near to Wind- 
sor Castle, and having called before 
us, and examined upon oath, the phy- 
sicians and other persons attendant 
upon his majesty, and having ascer- 
tained the state of his majesty's health 
by all such ways and means as appear 
to us to be necessary for that pur- 
pose, do hereby declare and certify, 
that the state of his majesty's healthy 
at the time of this our meeting, is not 
such as to enable his majesty to re- 
sume the personal exercise of his roy- 
al authority. 

That his majesty's bodily health 
appears to us to be as good as at any 
of the periods of our former reports : 

That his majesty's mental health 
appears to us not to be worse than at 
the period of our last report : 

That all the physicians attending 
his majesty agree in stating, that they 
think his majesty's complete and final 
recovery improbable ; differing, how- 
ever, as to the degree of such impro- 
bability; some of them expressing 
themselves as not despairing, — others 
as not entirely despairing, — and one 
of them representing that he cannot 
help despairing of such recovery. 

(Signed) 
C. Cantuar, Aylesford, 
E. Ebor, Eldon, 

Montrose, Ellenborough, 

WiNCHiLSEA, W. Grant. 

Shortly after the above report had 
been read in the presence of all the 
physicians, and one of the members 



S18 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



of the council had left Windsor, the 
physician alluded to in the last clause 
of the report, stated, in writing, to 
the other members of the council then 
remaining at Windsor, " that he had, 
unquestionably, made use of an ex- 
pression, which he was apprehensive 
might carry a meaning far beyond 
what he intended to express, and as- 
sured the council, that whilst he 
thought the final recovery of his ma- 
jesty very improbable, be by no means 
despaired of it.'* 

The members of the council to 
whom the above statement was made, 
(having sworn the physician alluded 
to, to the truth thereof) afterwards 
communicated the same to the whole 
council, assembled this 5th day of 
January, who have deemed it'right to 
subjoin this fact to the above decla- 
ration. (Signed) 
C; Caktuar, Aylesford, 
E. EBon, Eldon, 
MoNxnosE, Ellenborough, 
WiNCHiLSEA, W. Grant. 



Declaration made on the ^th qfjprilt 
1812. 

** We, the underwritten, do here- 
by declare and certify, that the state 
of his majesty's health, at the time of 
this our meeting, is not such as to ena- 
ble him to resume the personal exer- 
cise of his royal authority. 

« That his majesty's bodily health 
is as good as at any of the periods of 
our former reports. 

" That his majesty's mental health 
is as much disordered as it has been 
during any part of his majesty's indis- 
position. 

" That all the physicians in attend- 
ance concur in thinking, that his ma- 
je8t3r*s final and complete recovery is 



extremely improbable, and they do 
not expect it ; but they also concur 
in stating, that they do not entirely 
despair of it." 
Signed as above. 



Declaration made on the ^th ofJtdiji 
1812. 

" We, the underwriten, do hereby 
declare and certify, that the state of 
his majesty's health, at the time of 
this our meeting, is not such as to 
enable his majesty to resume the 
personal exercise of his royal func- 
tions. 

«' That his majesty's boddy health 
is as good as it was at the period of 
our last report. 

" That his majesty's mental health 
is as much disordered as during any 
period of his majesty's indisposition. 

*' That the hope of his majesty's 
ultimate and complete recovery is di- 
minished since the period of our last 
report ; but that such recovery is not 
absolutely despaired of.** 

Signed as above. 



Letter Jj-om his Royal Highness the 
Prince Regent to the Duke of 
York. 

Feb. 13. — My earest brother, — 
As the restrictions on the exercise of 
the royal authority will shortly ex- 
pire, when I must make my arrange- 
ments for th« future administration 
of the powers with which I am invest- 
ed, I think it right to communicate 
to you those sentiments which I was 
withheld from expressing at an ear- 
lier period of the session, by my ear- 
nest desire, that the expected motion 
en the affairs of Ireland might under- 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



^19 



jro the deliberate discussion of par- 
liament, unmixed with ?iny other con- 
sideration. 

1 thipk it hardly necessary to call 
your recollection to the recent cir- 
cumstances under which I assumed 
the authority delegated to me by 
parliament. At a moment of unex- 
ampled difficulty and danger, I was 
called upon to make a selection of 
persons to whom I should entrust 
the functions of the executive goyem- 
ment. 

My sense of duty to our royal fa- 
ther solely decided that choice ; and 
every private feeling gave way to con- 
siderations which admitted of no 
doubt or hesitation. I trust I acted 
in that respect as the genuine repre- 
sentative of the august person whose 
functions I was appointed to dis- 
charge; and 1 have the satisfaction 
of knowing, that such was the opi- 
nion of persons, for whose judgment 
and honourable piinciples I entertain 
the highest respect. 

In various instances, as you well 
know, where the law of the last ses- 
sion left me at full liberty, I waved 
any personal gratification, in order 
that his majesty might resume, on 
his restoration to health, every power 
and prerogative belonging to his 
crown. I certainly am the last per- 
son in the kingdom to whom it can 
be permitted to despair of our royal 
father's recovery. 

A new aera is now arrived, and I 
cannot but reflect with satisfaction, 
on the events which have distinguish- 
ed the short period of my restricted 
regency. Instead of suffering in the 
loss of any of her possessions, by the 
gigantic force which has been employ- 
ed against them. Great Britain has 
added most important acquisitions to 
her empire. The national faith has 
been preserved inviolate towards our 
allies J and if character is strength, as 



applied to a nation, the increased and 
increasing reputation of his majesty's 
arms will shew to the nations of the 
continent how much"" they may still 
achieve when animated by a glorious 
spirit of resistance to a foreign yoke. 
In the critical situation of the war in 
the peninsula, I shall be most anxious 
to avoid any measure which can lead 
my allies to suppose that I mean to 
depart from the present system. Per- 
severance alone can achieve the grestt 
object in question ; and I cannot 
withhold my approbation from those 
who have honourably distinguished 
themselves in the support of it. I 
have no predilections to indulge — no 
resentments to gratify — no objects to 
attain, but such as are common to the 
whole empire. If such is the leading 
principle of my conduct — and I can 
appeal to the past in evidence of what 
the future will be — I flatter myself I 
shall meet with the support of parlia- 
ment, and of a candid and enlightened 
nation. 

Having made this communication 
of my sentiments in this new and ex- 
traordinary crisis of our affairs, I 
cannot conclude without expressing 
the gratification I should feel, if some 
of those oersons with whom the early 
habits of^my pubhc hfe were formed, 
would strengthen my hands, and con- 
stitute a part of my government. 
With such support, and aided by a 
vigorous and united administration, 
formed on the most liberal basis, I 
shall look with additional confidence 
to a prosperous issue of the most ar- 
duous contest in which Great Britain 
was ever engaged. You are authori- 
sed to communicate these sentiments 
to Lord Grey, who, I have no doubt, 
will make them known to Lord Gren- 
ville. 

I am always, dearest Frederick, 
your affectionate brot her, 

(Signed) George P. R. 



220. 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



P. S. I shall send a copy of this 
letter immediately to Mr Perceval. 



Letter from Lords Grey and Gren- 
ville. 

February 15, 1812. 

Sir, — We beg leave most humbly to 
express to your royal highness our 
dutiful acknowledgements for the 
gracious and condescending manner 
in which you have had the goodness 
to communicate to us the letter of his 
Royal Highness the Prince Regent, 
on the subject of the arrangements to 
be now made for the future adminis- 
tration of the public affairs ; and we 
take the liberty of availing ourselves 
of your gracious permission to ad- 
dress to your royal highness in this 
form, what has occurred to us in con- 
«equence of that communication. 

The prince regent, after expressing 
to your royal highness in that letter 
his sentiments on various public mat- 
ters, has, in the concluding paragraph, 
condescended to intimate his wish 
that " some of those persons with 
whom the early habits of his public 
life were formed, would strengthen 
his royal highness's hands, and con- 
stitute a part of his government ;" 
and his royal highness is pleased to 
add, ** that with such support, aided 
by a vigorous and united administra- 
tion, formed on the most liberal ba- 
sis, he would look with additional 
confidence lo a prosperous issue of 
the most arduous contest in which 
Great Britain has ever been enga- 
god." 

On the other parts of his royal 
highness's letter we do not presume 
to offer any observations ; but on the 
concluding paragraph, in so far as 
we may venture to suppose ourselves 
included in the gracious wish which 



it expresses, we owe it, in obedience 
and duty to his royal highness, to ex- 
plain ourselves with frankness and 
sincerity. 

We beg leave most earnestly to as- 
sure his royal highness, that no sa- 
crifices, except those of honour and 
duty, could appear to us too great 
to be made, for the purpose of heal- 
ing the divisions of our country, 
and uniting both its government and 
its people. All personal exclusion 
we entirely disclaim : we rest on 
public measures ; and it is on this 
ground alone that we must express, 
without reserve, the impossibility, of 
our uniting with the present govern- 
ment. Our differences of opinion 
are too many and too important to 
admit of such an union. His royal 
highness will, we are confident, do us 
the justice to remember, that we have 
twice already acted on this impres- 
sion ; in 1809, on the proposition 
then made to us under his majesty's 
authority ; and last year, when his 
royal highness was pleased to require 
our advice respecting the formation 
of a new government. The reasons 
which we then humbly submitted to 
him are strengthened by the increasing 
dangers of the times ; nor has there, 
down to this moment, appeared even 
any approximation towards such an 
agreement of opinion on the public 
interests, as can alone form a basis for 
the honourable union of parties pre- 
viously opposed to each other. 

Into the detail of these differences 
we are unwilling to enter ; they em- 
brace almost all the leading features 
of the present policy of the empire ; 
but his royal highness has, himself, 
been pleased to advert to the late 
deliberations of parliament on th.e af- 
fairs of Ireland. This is a subject, 
above all others, important in itself, 
and connected with liie most pressing 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



221 



4ai3g;€i's, Far from concurring in the 
sentiments which his majesty's minis- 
ters have, on that occasion, so recent- 
ly expressed, we entertain opinions 
directly opposite ; we are firmly per- 
suaded of the necessity of a total 
change in the present system of go- 
vernment in that country, and of the 
immediate repeal of those civil disabi- 
lities under which so large a portion 
of his majesty's subjects still labour 
on accoudt of their religious opinions. 
To recommend to parliament this re- 
peal, is the first advice which it would 
be our duty to ofier to his royal high- 
ness ; nor could we, even for the short- 
est time, make ourselves responsible 
for any further delay in the proposal 
of a measure, without which we could 
entertain no hope of rendering our- 
selves useful to his royal highness, or 
to our country. 

We have only therefore further to 
beg your royal highness to lay before 
his royal highness the prince regent, 
the expression of our humble duty, 
and the sincere and respectful assu- 
rance of our earnest wishes for what- 
ever may best promote the ease, ho- 
nour, and advantage of his royal 
highness's government, and the suc- 
cess of his endeavours for the public 
welfare. We have the honour to be, 
Sec. 

(Signed) Grey, 

Grenville. 
To his Royal Highness the 

Duke of York. 



Declaration on the Orders of 
Council^ April 21 . 

The government of France having 
by an official report, communicated 
by its minister for foreign affairs to 
the conservative senate on the 10th 
day of March last, removed all doubts 



as to the perseverance of that govern- 
ment in the assertion of principles, 
and in the maintenance of a system, 
nat more hostile to the maritime 
rights and commercial interests of 
the British empire, than inconsistent 
with the rights and independence of 
neutral nations ; and having thereby 
plainly developed the inordinate pre- 
tensions which that system, as pro- 
mulgated in the decrees of Berlin and 
Milan, was from the first designed to 
enforce ; his royal highness the prince 
regent, acting in the name and on the 
behalf of his majesty, deems it proper 
upon this formal and authentic repub- 
lication of the principles of those de- 
crees, thus publicly to declare his 
royal highness's determination still 
firmly to resist the introduction and 
establishment of this arbitrary code, 
which the government of France o- 
penly avows its purpose to force upOR 
the world, as the law of nations. 

From the time that the progressive 
injustice and violence of the French 
government made it impossible for his 
majesty any longer to restrain the ex- 
ercise of the rights of war within their 
ordinary limits, without submitting to 
consequences not less ruinous to the 
commerce of his dominions, than de- 
rogatory to the rights of his crown, 
his majesty has endeavoured by a re- 
stricted and moderate use of those 
rights of retaliation, which the Ber- 
lin and Milan decrees necessarily call- 
ed into action, to reconcile neutral 
states to those measures, which the 
conduct of the enemy had rendered 
unavoidable ; and which his majesty 
has at all times professed his readiness 
to revoke, so soon as the decrees of 
the enemy, which gave occasion to 
them, should be formally and uncon- 
ditionally repealed, and the commerce 
of neutral nations restored to its ac- 
customed course. 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



At a subsequent period of the war, 
his majesty, availing himself of the then 
situation of Europe, without abandon- 
ing the principle and object of the or- 
ders in council of November, 1807, 
was induced to limit their operation, 
as materially to alleviate the restric- 
tions thereby imposed upon neutral 
commerce. The order in council of 
April, 180.9, was substituted in the 
room of those of November, 1807, 
and the retaliatory system of Great 
Britain acted no longer on every coun- 
try in which the aggressive measures 
of the enemy were in force, but was 
confined in its operation to France, 
and to the countries upon which the 
French yoke was most strictly impo- 
sed ; and which had become virtually 
a part of the dominions of France. 

The United States of America re- 
mained nevertheless dissatisfied ; and 
their dissatisfaction has been greatly 
increased by an artifice too success- 
fully employed on the part of the 
enemy, who has pretended that the 
decrees of Berlin and Milan were re- 
pealed, although the decree affecting 
such repeal has never been promulga- 
ted ; although the notification of such 
pretended repeal distinctly described 
it to be dependent on conditions, in 
which the enemy knew Great Britain 
could never acquiesce ; and although 
abundant evidence has since appeared 
of their subsequent execution. 

But the enany has at length laid 
aside all dissimulation ; he now pub- 
licly and solemnly declares, not only 
that those decrees still continue in 
force, but that they shall be rigidly 
executed until Great Britain shall 
comply with additional conditions 
equally extravagant ; and he further 
announces the penalties of those de- 
crees to be in force against all nations, 
which shall su£Fer their flag to be, as 



it is termed in this new code, " dena- 
tionalized." 

In addition to the disavowal of the 
blockade of May, 1806, and of the 
principles on which that blockade was 
established, and in addition to the re- 
peal of the British orders in council^ 
he demands an admission of the prin- 
ciples, that the goods of an enemy, 
carried under a neutral flag, shall be 
treated as neutral ; — that neutral pro- 
perty under the flag of an enemy shall 
be treated as hostile ; — that arms and 
warlike stores alone (to the exclusion 
of ship-timber and other articles of 
naval equipment) shall be regarded 
as contraband of war ; — and that no 
ports shall be considered as lawfully 
blockaded, except such as are invest- 
ed and besieged, in the presumption 
of their being taken [en prevention 
d'etre prissy and into which a mer- 
chant-ship cannot enter without dan- 
ger. 

By these and other demands, the 
enemy in fact requires, that Great 
Britain and all civilised nations shall 
renounce, at his arbitrary pleasure, 
the ordinary and indisputable rights 
of maritime war ; that Great Britain, 
in particular, shall forego the advan- 
tages of her naval superiority, and 
allow the commercial property, as 
well as the produce and manufac- 
tures, of France and her confederates, 
to pass the ocean in security, whilst 
the subjects of Great Britain are to 
be in effect proscribed from all com- 
mercial intercourse with other na- 
tions ; and the produce ?nd manu- 
factures of these realms are to be 
excluded from every country in the 
world to which the arms or the in- 
fluence of the enemy can extend. 

Such are the demands to which the 
British government is summoned to 
subi&it-^to the abandonment of it* 



APPENDIX—STATE PAPERS. 



22^ 



inost ancient) essential, and undoubt- 
ed maritime rights. Such is the code 
by which France hopes, under cover 
of a neutral flag, to render her com- 
merce unassailable by sea ; whilst she 
proceeds to invade or to incorporate 
with her own dominions all states that 
hesitate to sacrifice their national in- 
tesests at her command, and in abdi- 
cation of their just rights, to adopt a 
code, by which they are required to 
exclude, under the mask of munici- 
pal regulation, whatever is British 
from their dominions. 

The pretext for these extravagant 
demands is, that some of those prin- 
ciples were adopted by voluntary com- 
pact in the treaty of Utrecht ; as if 
a treaty once existing between two 
particular countries, founded on spe- 
cial and reciprocal considerations, 
binding only on the contracting par- 
ties, and which, in the last treaty of 
peace between the same powers, had 
not been revived, were to be regard- 
ed as declaratory of the public law 
of nations. 

It is needless for his royal highness 
to demonstrate the injustice of such 
pretensions. He might otherwise ap- 
peal to the practice of France herself, 
in this and in former wars, and to her 
own established codes of maritime 
law : it is sufficient that these new 
demands of the enemy form a wide 
departure from those conditions on 
which the alleged repeal of the French 
decrees was accepted by America, 
and upon which alone, erroneously 
assuming that repeal to be complete, 
America has claimed a revocation of 
the British orders in council. 

His royal highness, upon a review 
of all these circumstances, feels per- 
suaded, that so soon as this formal 
declaration, by the government of 
France, of its unabated adherence to 
tke principles and provisions of the 



Berlin and Milan decreei, shall be 
made known in America, the govern- 
ment of the United States, actiiated 
not less by a sense of justice to Great 
Britain, than by what is due to its 
own dignity, will be disposed to re- 
cal those measures of hostile exclu- 
sion, which, under a misconception 
of the real views and conduct of the 
French government, America has ex- 
clusively appHed to the commerce and 
ships of war of Great Britain. 

To accelerate a result so advanta- 
geous to the true interests of both 
countries, and so conducive to the 
re-establishment of perfect friendship 
between them ; and to give a decisive 
proof of his royal highness's disposi- 
tion to perform the engagements of 
his majesty's government, by revo- 
king the orders in council, whenever 
the French decrees shall be actually 
and unconditionally repealed ; his 
royal highness the prince regent has 
been this day pleased, in the name 
and on the behalf of his majesty, and 
by and with the advice of his majes- 
ty's privy council, to order and de- 
clare ; 

*' That if at any time hereafter the 
Berlin and Milan decrees shall, by 
some authentic act of the French 
government, publicly promulgated, 
be expressly and unconditionally re- 
pealed, then, and from thenceforth, 
the order in council of the 7th day 
of January, 1807, and the ordef in 
council of the 26th day of April, 
1 809, shall, without any further or- 
der, be, and the same hereby are de- 
clared from thenceforth, to be wholly 
and absolutely revoked ; and further, 
that the full benefit of this order shall 
be extended to any ship or vessel cap- 
tured subsequent to such authentic 
act of repeal of the French decrees, 
although antecedent to such repeal, 
such ship or vessel shall hare coni- 
6 



324. 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



menced, and shall be in the prosecu- 
tion of a voyage, which, under the 
•aid orders in council, or one of them, 
would have subjected her to capture 
and condemnation ; and the claimant 
of any ship or cargo which shall be 
captured at any time subsequent to 
such authentic act of repeal by the 
French government, shall, without 
any further order or declaration on 
the part of his majesty's government 
on this subject, be at liberty to give 
in evidence in the High Court of Ad- 
miralty, or any court of Vice-Admi- 
ralty, before which such »hip or ves- 
sel, or its cargo, shall be brought for 
adjudication, that such repeal by the 
French government had been by such 
authentic act promulgated prior to 
$uch capture ; and upon proof there- 
of, the voyage shall be deemed and 
taken to have been as lawful as if the 
said orders in council had never been 
made ; saving nevertheless to the cap- 
tors such protection and indemnity 
as they may be equitably entitled to, 
in the judgment of the said court, 
by reason of their ignorance or uncer- 
tainty as to the repeal of the French 
decrees, or of the recognition of such 
repeal by his majesty's government, 
at the time of such capture, 

" His royal highness, however, 
deems it proper to declare, that, 
•hould the repeal of the French de- 
crees, thus anticipated and provided 
for, afterwards prove to have been 
illusory on the part of the enemy ; 
and should the restrictions thereof be 
8till practically enforced, or revived 
by the enemy. Great Britain will be 
obliged, however reluctantly, after 
reasonable notice to neutral powers, 
to have recourse to such measures of 
retaliation as may then appear to be 
just and necessary." 



The Petition of the Catholics. -^-T* 
his Royal Highness the Prince Rc' 
gent. 

The humble petition of his majesty's 
Roman Catholic subjects of Ire- 
land, sheweth, 

That we humbly approach your 
royal highness, as the guardian of 
the honour and interests of this great 
empire, and presume respectfully to 
submit to your royal consideration, 
our peculiar condition under the pe- 
nal laws now in force against us. 

The generous and elevated charac- 
ter which the people of Ireland have 
long been taught to attach to the 
name of your royal highness, has im- 
pressed us with the pleasing confi- 
dence, that the glorious work of ef- 
fectually relieving the Roman Catho- 
lic? of these realms from their nume- 
rous sufferings, has been reserved for 
your gracious and happy interposi- 
tion in our favour. 

We have publicly and solemnly 
taken every oath of fidehty and alle- 
giance, which the jealous caution of 
the legislature has, from time to time, 
imposed as tests of our political and 
moral principles ; and although we 
are stiU set apart (how wounding to 
every sentiment of honour ! ) as if 
unworthy of credit in these our sworn 
declarations, we can appeal confident- 
ly to the sacrifices which we and our 
forefathers have long made, and which 
we still make (rather than violate con- 
science by taking oaths of a spiritual 
import contrary to our belief) as deci- 
sive proofs of our profound reverence 
for the sacred obligation of an oath. 

By those awful tests we have bound 
ourselves, in the presence of the All- 
seeing Deity, whom all classes of 
Christians adore, " To be faithful. 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



225 



^nd bear true allegiance to our most 
gracious sovereign Lord King George 
the Third, and him to defend to the 
utmost of our power against all con 
spiracies and attempts whatsoever a- 
gainst his person, crown, or dignity : 
to use our utmost endeavours to dis- 
close and make known to his majesty, 
and his heirs, all treasons and traitor- 
ous conspiracies which may be form- 
ed against him or them ; and faith- 
fully to maintain, suppoit, and de- 
fend, to the utmost of our power, 
the succession to the crown in his 
majesty's family, against all persons 
whomsoever — That by those oaths, 
Ave have renounced and abjured obe- 
dience and allegiance unto any other 
person claiming or pretending a right 
to the crown of this realm — That we 
have rejected, as unchristian and im- 
pious to believe, the detestable doc- 
trine, that it is lawful, in any ways, 
to injure any person or persons whom- 
soever, under pretence of their being 
heretics — And also that unchristian 
and impious principle, that no faith 
is to be kept with heretics — that it 
is no article of our faith ; and we re- 
nounce, reject, and abjure the opinion, 
that princes excommunicated by the 
pope and council, or by any autho- 
rity whatsoever, may be deposed or 
murdered by their subjects, or by any 
person whatsoever — That we do not 
believe that the pope of Rome, or any 
other foreign prince, prelate, state, or 
potentate, hath, or ought to have, any 
temporal or civil jurisdiction, power. 
Superiority, or pre-eminence, within 
this realm — That we firmly believe, 
that no act, in itself unjust, immoral, 
or wicked, can ever be justified or 
excused by, or under pretence or co- 
lour that it was done for the good of 
the church, or in obedience to any ec- 
clesiastical power whatsoever — And 
that it is not an article of the catho- 

VOL. V. PAKT II. 



lie faith, neither are we thereby re- 
quired to believe or profess, that the 
pope is infallible, or that we are bound 
to any order, in its own nature immo- 
ral, though the pope, or any ecclesi- 
astical power, should issue or direct 
such order, but that on the contrary 
we hold, that it would be sinful in us 
to pay any respect or obedience there- 
to — That we do not believe that any 
sin whatsoever, committed by us, can 
be forgiven at the mere will of any 
pope, or of any priest, or of any per- 
son or persons whatsoever ; but that 
any person who receives absoliition, 
without a sincere sorrow for such sin, 
and a firm and sincere resolution to 
avoid future guilt, and to atone to 
God, so far from obtaining thereby 
any remission of his sin, incurs the ad- 
ditional guilt of violating a sacrament 
— And, by the most solemn obhga- 
tions, we are bound and firmly pled- 
ged to defend, to the utmost of our 
power, the settlement and arrange- 
ment of property in Ireland, as esta- 
blished by the laws now in being 

That we have declared, disavowed, 
and solemnly abjured, ar.y intention 
to subvert the present church esta- 
blishment, for the purpose of sub- 
stituting a catholic establishment in 
its stead. 

And we have solemnly sworn 
that we will not exercise any privi- 
lege, to which we are or may become 
entitled, to disturb and weaken the 
protcstant religion or protestant o-q- 
vernment in Ireland. 

We can with perfect truth assure 
your royal highness, that the politi- 
cal and moral principles, -asserted by 
these solemn and special tests, are not 
merely in unison with our fixed prin- 
ciples, but expressly inculcated by 
the religion which we profess. 

And we do most humbly trust, 
that, as professors of doctrines which 
i" 



^m 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



permit such tests to be taken, we 
shall appear to your royal highness 
to be entitled to the full enjoyment 
of religious freedom, under the hap- 
py constitution of these realms. 

Frequently has the legislature of 
Ireland borne testimony to the uni- 
form peaceable demeanour of the 
Irish Roman catholics — to their ac- 
knowledged merits as good and loyaj 
subjects — to the wisdom and sound 
policy of admitting them to all the 
blessings of a free constitution, and 
of thus binding together all classes 
of the people by mutual interest and 
mutual affection. 

Yet may we humbly represent to 
your royal highness — and we do so 
at this perilous crisis with sincere re> 
gret and deep sohcitude — that the 
Roman catholics of Ireland still re- 
main subject to severe and humilia- 
ting laws, rigidly enforced, universal- 
ly felt, and inflicting upon them di- 
vers injurious and vexatious disabili- 
ties, incapacities, privations, and pe- 
nalties, by reason of their conscien- 
tious adherence to the religious doc- 
trines of their forefathers. 

For nearly the entire period of the 
last twenty years, the progress of re- 
ligious freedom has been obstructed ; 
and, whilst other Christian nations 
have hastened to unbind the fetters 
imposed upon religious dissent, the 
Roman catholics of Ireland have re- 
mained unrelieved. 

The laws, which unequivocally at- 
test our innocence and our merits, 
continue to load us with the pains 
of guilt ; our own consciences — the 
voice of mankind — acquit us of crime 
and offence. Our protestant fellow- 
eiti/.ens press forward with generous 
ardour and enhghtened benevolence, 
to testify their earnest wishes for our 
relief. Yet these penal lav.'s, of which 
wc humbly complain, cherish the spi- 



rit of hostility, and impede the cor- 
dial union of the people, which is at 
all times so desirable, and now so ne- 
cessary. 

These penal laws operate for no 
useful or meritorious purpose. Af- 
fording no aid to the constitution in 
church or state — not attaching affec- 
tion to either — they are efficient only 
f-^Xtjobjects of disunion arid disaffec- 
tion. 

They separate the protestant from 
the catholic, and withdraw both from 
the public good ; they irritate man 
against his fellow-creature, alienate 
the subject from the state, and leave 
the Roman catholic community but 
a precarious and imperfect protection 
as the reward of fixed and unbroken 
allegiance. 

We forbear to detail the numerous 
incapacities and inconveniences inflict- 
ed by those laws, directly or indirect- 
ly, upon the Roman catholic commu- 
nity — or to dwell upon the humilia- 
ting and ignominious system of exclu- 
sion, reproach, and suspicion, which 
they generate and keep alive. Per- 
haps no other age Or nation has ever 
witnessed severities more vexatious, 
or inflictions more taunting, than 
those which we have long endured j 
and of which but too large a portion 
still remains. 

Relief from these disabilities and 
penalties we have sought through 
every channel that has appeared to 
us to be legitimate and eligible. — 
We have never consciously violated^ 
or sought to violate, the known laws 
of the laud ; nor have vve pursued 
our object in any other manner, than 
such as has been usually adhered to, 
and apparently the best calculated to 
collect and communicate our united 
sentiments accurately, without tu^ 
mult, and to obviate all pretext for 
asserting that the Roman catholic 



APPENDIX .^STATE PAPERS. 



227 



community at large were indifFerent 
to the pursuit of their freedom. 

We can affirm, with perfect since- 
rity, that we have no latent views to 
I'ealize — -no secret or sinister objects 
to attain. Any such imputation must 
be effectually repelled, as we humbly 
conceive, by the consideration of our 
numbers, our property, our known 
principles and character. 

Our object is avowed and direct — 
earnest, yet natural. It extends to 
an- equal participation of the civil 
rights of the constitution of our 
country — equally with our fellow- 
subjects of all other religious per- 
suasions : it extends no further. 

We would cheerfully concede the 
enjoyment of civil and religious liber- 
ty to all mankind ; we ask no more 
for ourselves. 

We seek not the possession of offi- 
ces, but mere eligibility to office, in 
common with our fellow citizens j not 
power or ascendancy over any class 
of people, but the bare permission to 
rise from our prostrate posture, and 
to stand erect in the empire. 

We have been taught that, accord- 
ing to the pure and practical princi. 
pies of the British constitution, pro- 
perty is justly entitled to a propor- 
tionate share of power ; and we hum- 
bly trust, that no reasonable appre- 
hension can arise from that power, 
which can only be obtained and ex- 
ercised through the constitution. 

We are sensible, and we do not re- 
gret, that this equality of civil rights 
(which alone we humbly sue for) will 
leave a fair practical ascendancy, 
wheresoever property shall predomi- 
nate ; but, whilst we recognise and 
acknowledge the wholesome nesr. of 
this great principle, we cannot admit 
the necessity of the unqualified dis- 
franchisement of any part of the peo- 



ple, in aconstitutionlike that of these 
realms. 

We are gratified by the reflection, 
that the attainment of this our con- 
stitutional object will prove as condu- 
cive to the welfare and security of 
this great empire, as to the complete 
relief of the Roman catholic commu- 
nity ; that it will secure the quiet and 
concord of our country ; animate all 
classes of the people in the common 
defence, and form the most stable 
protection against the dangers which 
heavily menace these islands. 

For we most hun-bly presume to sub- 
mit it to your royal highness, as our 
firm opinion, that an equal degree of 
enthusiasm cannot reasonably be ex- 
pected from men, who feel themselves 
excluded from a fair participation of 
the blessings of a good constitution 
and government, as from those who 
fully partake of its advantages ; that 
the enemies of this empire, who me- 
ditate its subjugation, found their best 
hopes of success upon the effects of 
those penal laws, which by depressing 
millions of the inhabitants of Ireland, 
may weaken their attachment to their 
country, and impair the means of its 
defence, and that the continued pres- 
sure of these laws, ii: times of unex- 
pected danger, only spreads the ge- 
neral feeliijg of distrustful alarm, 
and augments the risk of common 
ruin. 

To avert such evils, to preserve 
and promote the welfare and security 
of tfiis empire, and to become tho- 
roughly identified with our fellow 
subjects in interests and affection, are 
objects as precious in our eyes, upon 
every consideration of property, prin- 
ciple, and moral duty, as in those of 
any other description of the inhabi- 
tants of these realms. 

If, in thus kumbly submitting our 



828 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



depressed condition and our earnest 
hopes to the consideration of your 
royal highness, we would dwell upon 
the great numbers and the property 
of the Roman cathoHcs of Ireland, 
already so considerable and so rapid- 
ly increasing, and to their consequent 
most important contributions to the 
exigencies of the state ; we would do 
80, not with a view of exciting unwor- 
thy motives for concession, but in the 
honest hope of suggesting legitimate 
and rational grounds of constitutional 
relief. 

And deeply indeed should we la- 
irerit, if these very recommendations, 
should serve only to hold us out as 
the objects of harsh suspicion at home, 
or of daring attempts upon our alle- 
giance from abroad. 

May we, then, with hearts deeply 
interested in the fate of this our hum- 
ble supplication, presume to appeal 
to the wisdom and benignity of your 
royal highness on behalf of a very nu- 
merous, industrious, affectionate, and 
faithful body of people, the Roman 
catholics of Ireland. 

And to pray, that your royal high- 
ness may be pleased to take into your 
valuable consideration the whole of 
our condition ; our numbers, our ser- 
vices, our merits, and our sufferings. 

And as we are conscious of the pu- 
rity of our motives and the integrity 
of our principles, we therefore hum- 
bly pray to be restored to the rights 
and privileges of the canstitution of 
our country ; to be freed from all pe- 
nal and disabling laws in force against 
us on account of our rehgious faith ; 
and that we may thereby become more 
worthy, as well as more capable, of 
promoting the service of the crown, 
and the substantial interests of this 
great empire, now committed to the 
unrestricted wisdom of your royal 
highness. 



Documents relative to the For* 

MATION OF A NeW MINISTRY. 

No. 1. 
Minutes of a Conversation between 
Mr Canning and Lord Liverpool, 
dated 17th May, 1812. 

Gloucester Lods^e, Sunday, 
May 17, 1812. 

Lord Liverpool stated to me, that 
he was commanded by his royal high- 
ness the prince regent to make me 
the following communication ; 

That upon the melancholy event of 
Mr Perceval's death, his royal high- 
ness being desirous of continuing his 
administration upon its present basis, 
was desirous also of strengthening it 
as much as possible, by associating to 
it such persons in public life as agreed 
most nearly and generally in the prin- 
ciples upon which public affairs had 
been conducted. j 

That with this view his royal high- .1 
ness naturally looked to Lord Wel- 
lesley and to me. 

That he (Lord Liverpool) was 
authorised to express the disposition 
of all his colleagues to act with Lord 
Wellesley and me, under an arrange- 
ment which might be at once consist- 
ent with their own honour and duty, 
and honourable and satisfactory to 
us. 

That with respect to Lord Castle- 
reagh, it was fair that it should be 
distinctly understood, that the situa- 
tion in which he stands both in this 
government, and in the House of Com- 
mons, was to be preserved to him. 

That with respect to official ar- 
rangements, he (Lord L.) would not 
have been the bearer of any propo- 
sition to me, but one which was un- 
derstood as comprising my friends. 
In answer to a qufstiun put by me. 
Lord L. stated, that his coileaguas 
were desirous, that he should be ap- 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



22d 



pointed to the office of first lord of 
the Treasury ; and that this desire 
was known to the prince regent, 
when his royal highness commanded 
Lord Liverpool to undertake this 
commxmication. 

Lord Liverpool added, that he was 
ready to answer any otlier enquiry 
that I might wish to make ; or to 
clear up any thing that he might have 
imperfectly explained. I said that I 
thought it better to receive his com- 
munication just as he gave it to me ; 
and to defer making any remark, or 
giving any answer whatever, until I 
should have communicated it to my 
friends ; Lord Liverpool himself un- 
dertaking to see Lord Wellesley. 

I would only, therefore, ask — whe- 
ther I was to consider the opinion 
and policy of the government as re- 
maising altogether unchanged upon 
the question relating to the laws af- 
fecting the Roman catholics ? 

Lord Liverpool answered, that his 
own opinions upon this subject re- 
mained unchanged ; and that he was 
not aware that those of his colleagues 
had undergone any change. 

I then wrote this minute- in Lord 
Liverpool's presence ; which he read 
over, and suggested such corrections 
as appeared to him necessary for ma- 
iing it perfectly accurate. 

(Signed) George Canning. 



No. 2. 
Conversation between Lord Welles- 
ley and Lord Liverpool. 

A-psley-HousCj 17th Mat/, 1812, 
J past 5 p. m. 
Lord Liverpool came to me imme- 
diately after his visit to Mr Canning, 
and remained wiih me for about half 
an hour. Soon after Lord Liver- 



pool's departure, I received the an- 
nexed paper from Mr Canning, 

Lord Liverpool'sconversation with 
me was substantially the same as that 
which is described to have passed 
with Mr Canning. Any difference 
which appeared, arose necessarily 
from my questions and observations, 
which were made without knowledge 
of what passed between Lord Liver- 
pool and Mr Canning. After recei- 
ving Lord Liverpool's verbal com- 
munication nearly in the terms stated 
by Mr Canning, I enquired, (1st.) 
what was to be policy of the govern- 
ment with relation to the Roman ca- 
tholics ? To this question Lord Li- 
verpool returned the same answer 
stated in Mr Canning's paper to have 
been returned to a similar question. 

2dly, I observed to Lord Liver- 
pool, that he was apprised of my opi- 
nion, that our efforts in the peninsu- 
la had been conducted on an inade- 
quate and imperfect scale, which 
could not be expected to accomplish 
the ultimate objects of the war in 
that quarter ; that I had for a long 
time considered an extension of our 
system in the peninsula to be indis- 
pensably necessary, and easily prac- 
ticable ; that I was aware of the im- 
propriety (in my present situation) 
of urging any detailed questions to 
Lord Liverpool on this point ; but 
that I mentioned it now, because it 
must form a principal consideration in 
my answer to the proposition which 
he had brought to me. 

Lord Liverpool said, that he did 
not agree in my opinion respecting 
the scale of the efforts which we had 
hitherto made in the peninsula, which 
he thought as great as it had been 
possible to make ; that there never 
had been any limit to our exertions 
in that quarter, but what arose out 



9*0 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



of the question of practicability (that 
IS, the means of increasing and sup- 
plying our armies), and that he had 
never heard any specific plan by which 
those means might have been carried 
further, though the subject had been 
often most anxiously considered in 
my presence : that circumstances had 
^ occurred since my resignation, which 
did not then exist, and into the par- 
ticulars of which it would not be pro- 
per for him to enter at this time, 
which might enable government to 
extend, to a certain degree, the mi- 
litary operations in the peninsula ; 
and the system of himself and his 
colleagues would be, as he contended 
they always had been, to make the 
greatest efforts in the cause of the 
peninsula which the resources of the 
country rendered possible. 

3dly, I enquired whether all the 
general constituent parts of the pre- 
sent cabinet were to remain ? He in- 
formed me that they were in general 
to reiTiain. He believed it was known 
to me, that' some of the members of 
the cabinet had been long desirous of 
retiring, and would be ready, there- 
fore, now to afford facilities to any 
new arrangement. 

In answer to a question put by me 
respecting Lord Sidmouth and hia 
friends, he said they were to remain. 

4thly, I stated to Lord Liverpool, 
that I made no enquiry respecting the 
proposed distribution and allocation 
pf offices ; because that circumstance 
would not constitute tj»e basis of my 
decision upon the proposition which 
he had brought to me. 

Lord Liverpool ojsserved, that the 
distribution of offices was a matter 
open to future adjustment, to be re- 
gulated for the honour of all parties. 

5thly, When Lord Liverpool in- 
formed me th^t the leading in the 



House of Commons was to be pre-^ 
served to Lord Castlereagh, I re- 
marked, that in any situation which 
I might ever hold in any administra- 
tion, I should feel great obligation to 
any member of the governmnnt who 
would undertake that charge, which 
was called the leading in the house of 
parliament in which I sat ; although 
1 was fully aware of the great im- 
portance which that charge necessa- 
rily conveyed to the person who ex- 
ercised it, and of the great influence 
which it must give to him in the ge- 
neral administration and patronage of 
the government. 

6thly, I desired to know, whether 
all those persons now designated by 
the name of the " Opposition," were 
to be excluded from the {proposed 
scheme of administration ? 

Lord Liverpool answered, that no 
principle of exclusion was intended ; 
tsut that he was not authorised to 
make any proposal to any persons of 
the description which J had mention- 
ed. 

7thly, Considering the course 
which Lord Liverpool had observed 
in making this communication, I ask- 
ed him, whether he applied to me 
by compiand of the prince regent, as 
a part of Mr Canning's suite ? — 1 re- 
minded Lord Liverpool of the con- 
stant and unabated exertions which I 
had made to open every avenue for the 
return of Mr Canning to the public 
service ; remarking at the same time, 
that I never liad attempted to press 
that point beyond the honour and 
feelings of Mr Perceval's administra- 
tion. I stated, that I could not con- 
sider any administration to be consti- 
tuted on a foundation of justice to- 
wards individual talents and services, 
or towards the interests of the coun- 
try, in which Mr Canning should not 



6 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



231 



hold a high efficient station. But I 
added, that Mr Canning was under 
Jio engagement to me which could 
preclude his acceptance of any office 
which might be offered to him ; 
that* on the other hand, Mr Canning 
would certainly make the same decla- 
ration with regard to my perfect 
freedom. Lord Liverpool said, that 
he had pursued this course of com- 
munication, being convinced, that un- 
der the present ch-cumstances, I would 
not accept office, unless a fair propo- 
sal was made to Mr Canning, I de- 
-clared to Lord Liverpool, that he was 
correct in this view of my sentiments 
towards Mr Cannings repeating, 
however, that Mr Canning and I were 
perfectly free to act as each might 
think fit, and that our agreement in 
many great public principles could 
not affect questions of mere official 
arrangement. 

8thly, I expressed my wish to re- 
ceive this communication in writing ; 
to answer it in writing ; and also to 
submit my sentiments upon the whole 
transaction in an audience of the 
prince regent. 

Lord Liverpool informed me, that 
Mr Canning would transmit to me a 
copy of the minute of Lord Liver- 
pool's conversation taken in his pre- 
sence, and Lord Liverpool desired 
me to consider that paper as the writ- 
ten communication which I wished to 
receive. I agreed to Lord Liver- 
pool's proposal on this point. I then 
info lined Lord Liverpool, that I 
would return my answer in writing to 
that paper. Whatever might be the 
tenour of my answer, with regard to 
the great public considerations on 
which it must be founded, I express- 
ed my hope, that Lord Liverpool 
would be assured of mysincere person- 
al respect and esteem. I now transmit 
this minute to Lord Liverpool, re- 



questing him to insert any correction 
which he may think requisite. 

( Signed ) WELLEiSL*Y. 

Maif, 18, 1812. 

Corrected by LordLivei^dol, and 
returned to me. 

(Signed) We^lesley. 

No. 3. 
Note from Mr Canning to Lord Wel- 
lesley, enclosing a Letter to Mr 
Canning from Lord Liverpool, re- 
lative to Lord Castlereagh. 

(Copy.) 

GlovLcester Lodge, Sunday night. 
May 17, 1812. 
My dear Wellesley, — I have just 
received from Lord Liverpool a let- 
ter, of which the enclosed is a copy. 
I transmit it to you to be added, ac- 
cording to his desire, to the copy of 
the minute of his verbal communica- 
tion of this morning. Ever affection- 
ately yours, G. C. 

Copy in No. 3. 

Lord Liverpool to Mr Canning. 
(Private.) 
Fife-Jiouse, May l7, 1812. 

My dear Canning, — I think, upon 
reflection, it is due to Lord Castle- 
reagh to state, in writing, what I 
mentioned to you, verbally, that from 
motives of delicacy, he absented him- 
self from the cabinet, on the occasions 
on which the subject in your memo- 
randum was determined 

I did not, however, make the com- 
munication to you without having 
reason to know that he would be no 
obstacle in the way of an arrange- 
ment, founded on the principles in the 
memorandum, 

I will beg of you to communicate 
this letter to any persons to whom 
you may communicate the memo- 
randum. (Signed) Liverfool. 



232 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



No. 4. 
Copy of a Letter from Marquis Wel- 
lesley to the Earl of Liverpool, 
transmitting Lord W.'s Reply to 
Lord Liverpool's Proposal. 

Apsley-houset May 18, 1812, 
half past three p. m. 

My dear LorcJ, — I enclose a paper, 
containing my reply to the commu- 
nication which you were so kind as 
to make to me yesterday. Although 
I find myself compelled to dechne 
the proposal which you conveyed, I 
request you to accept my grateful 
thanks for the amicable and satisfac- 
tory manner in which you communi- 
nicated with me ; and to be assured, 
that I shall always entertain the most 
sincere and cordial sentiments of per- 
sonal respect and esteem for you. 

Believe me, my dear lord, most sin- 
cerely yours, 

(Signed] Wellesley. 

In No. 4. 
Lord "Wellesley 's reply to Lord Li- 
verpool's proposition. 

Apsley-housCy May 18. 

From the communication received 
through Lord Liverpool, I under- 
stand that his royal highness the prince 
regent has been graciously pleased 
to signify his desire of strengthening 
his administration upon its present 
basis, by associating me with it, as 
one of those persons who agree most 
nearly and' generally in the principles 
upon which public affairs have been 
conducted. 

From the same communication I 
also derive the gratifying intelligence, 
that all Lord Liverpool's colleagues 
have authorised him to express a dis- 
position to act with me, under an ar- 
rangement, consistent with their own 



honour and duty, and honourable and 
satisfactory to me. 

I receive this notification of the 
prince regent's commands with every 
sentiment of duty and affection, while 
it affords me matter of just satisfac- 
tion, that, to the distinguished ho- 
nour of such condescending notice 
from his royal highness, is added so 
high a testimony of the confidence 
and e?teem of all the respectable per- 
sons composing his present adminis- 
tration. 

With all humiility towards the ex- 
alted authority from which this pro- 
position proceeds, and with the most 
sincere regard for those through 
whom it is conveyed, I must, how- 
ever, declare, that I should have de- 
clined it at the first instant of its ap- 
proach, if motives of deference and 
submissive attachment had not impo- 
sed upon me the obligation of recei- 
ving it with respectful consideration. 

The proposition necessarily rests 
upon a supposition, that I entertain 
no such difference of public sentiment 
with the present administration, as 
should preclude me from acting with 
them, imder an arrangement compa- 
tible with our mutual and respective 
honour and duty. 

But it appears from Lord Liver- 
pool's candid and explicit statement, j 
that, upon the important question, I 
which regards the laws affecting the 
Roman catholics, Lord Liverpool's 
opinions remain unchanged ; nor is he 
aware, that the sentiments of his col- 
leagues, on that subject, have under- 
gone any change. 

I must therefore conclude, that 
the pohcy which has been pursued re- 
specting the Roman catholics, during 
the present session of parliament, is 
to be continued without abatement j 
the eneral constituent parts of the' 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



£S3 



the present cabinet are to remain un- 
changed ; the highest and most effi- 
cient offices in the state, therefore, 
are to be filled by persons who still 
conceive themselves to be bound by 
daty, honour, and conscience, not on- 
ly to resist any mitigation of the pre- 
sent condition of the Roman catho- 
lics, but even to prevent the conside- 
ration of the laws which affect that 
large portion of the population of the 
empire. 

I cannot concur in the principle on 
which the present administration has 
conducted this important branch of 
public affairs ; on this point, I have 
recently expressed the strongest dif- 
ference of opinion with the present 
administration. 

The declaration of Lord Liverpool 
precludes the hope of any such change 
in the policy of the present adminis- 
tration towards the Roman catholics 
as could satisfy my judgment. This 
difference is of the utmost import- 
ance : without any other obstacle, 
therefore, this alone compels me to 
dechne the proposition which Lord 
Liverpool has conveyed to me. 

I entertain a confident expecta- 
tion, that when the prince regent 
shall have considered the nature of 
this difficulty, he will extend his in- 
dulgence to my humble representa- 
tion, and will relieve me from the 
pressure of commands, which 1 could 
not obey without sacrificing a public 
principle of the highest obligation. 

These observations comprise a suf- 
ficient reply to the communication re- 
ceived through Lord Liverpool. But 
I deem it to be a duty towards the 
prince regent to declare, that the 
considerations which induced me, on 
the 19th of February, to resign the 
station which 1 had the honour to 
hold in his royal highness's service, 



have acquired additional force since . 
that time, and would constitute an 
insuperable obstacle to my acceptance 
of any station in the present adminis- 
tration. 

I originally expressed my desire to 
withdraw from Mr Perceval's admi- 
nistration, because my general opi- 
nions, for a long time past, on vari- 
ous important questions, had not suf- 
ficient weight in that cabinet, to jus- 
tify me towards the public, or to- 
wards m,y own character, in continu- 
ing in office. 

My objections to remaining in that 
cabinet arose, in a great degree, from 
the imperfect scale on which the ef- 
forts in the peninsula were conducted. 
It was always stated to me, that it 
was impracticable to enlarge that 
system. I thought it was perfectly 
practicable to extend the plan in the 
peninsula, and that it was neither 
safe nor honest towards this country 
or the allies to contmue the present 
inadequate scheme. 

From Lord Liverpool's statement 
upon this point, it is evident, that 
since my resignation, it hasbeen found 
practicable to make some extension 
of the system in the peninsula ; but 
it is still intimated, that my views are 
more extensive than the resources of 
the country can enable the govern- 
ment to reduce to practice. I, how- 
ever, still entertain the same views 
and opinions, without diminution or 
alteration ; and I am convmced, that 
a considerable extension of the scale 
of our operations in the peninsula, 
and also an effectual correction of 
many branches of our system in that 
quarter, are objects of indispensable 
necessity, and of easy attainment. 

With such a decided difference of 
opinion in relation to the conduct 
and management of the war, my re- 



^i 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 181«, 



turn into a cabinet composed as the 
present is, would offer to me no bet- 
ter prospect than the renewal of dis- 
cussions which have hitherto proved 
unavailing. 

I learn from Lord Liverpool, that 
he has received no authority, in form- 
ing the intended administration, to 
make any proposal to any of those 
persons now designated by the name 
of " The Opposition.*' 

My enquiry on this point origina- 
ted in a sincere conviction, (founded 
upon an attentive observation of the 
general state of public- opinion, and 
of the condition of the empire,) that 
oo administration, which shall not 
comprise some of those persons, can 
prove advantageous to the prince re- 
gent, conciliatory towards Ireland, 
and equal to the conduct of the war 
on a scale of sufficient extent. 

It has been stated erroneously, 
that the first act of the prince regent 
upon his approach to unrestricted au- 
thority, was to establish Mr Perce- 
val's administration ; but the fact is, 
that his royal highness's first act at 
that crisis was to dissolve Mr Perce- 
val's administration ; and to endea- 
vour to form a cabinet upon a more 
extended and liberal basis. This en- 
deavour was frustrated at that mo- 
ment ; and the formation of such a 
cabinet was represented to his royal 
highness to be impracticable. It has, 
however, since appeared evident to 
mi, from the discussions and declara- 
tions which I have witnessed in par- 
liament, that his royal highness's be- 
nevolent intentions on that subject 
are now perfectly practicable ; and 
that their accomplishment would tend 
to promote internal peace and tran- 
quiUity, and to invigorate the whole 
system of our external operations. 

Impressed with this sentiment I 
should be untrue to his royal high- 



ness's interests and honour, as well as 
to the prosperity of the empire, if I 
concurred in any arrangement of an 
administration which md not include 
a fair and full consideration of this 
most important point. 

After such a dispassionate consi- 
deration, my opinion is, that a cabi- 
net might be formed, on an interme- 
diary principle respecting the Roman 
catholic claims, equally exempt from 
the dangers of instant, unqualified 
concession, and from those of incon- 
siderate, peremptory exclusion ; the 
entire resources of the empire might 
be applied to the great objects of the 
war with general consent, upon a full 
understanding of the real exigency of 
the present crisis ; and concord and 
union at home might secure ultimate 
and permanent success abroad. 
(Signed) Wellesley. 

Mr Cakning's Reply. 

Gloucester Lodge, May 18, 1812. 

M)'' dear Liverpool, — I have com- 
municated to such of my friends as I 
had an immediate opportunity of con- 
sulting, the minute, taken in your 
presence, of the proposition which 
you convej'ed to me yesterday. 

In a case in which I felt that my 
decision either way might be liable to 
misapprehension, 1 was desirous rather 
tocollecttheopinions of persons whose 
judgments I esteem, than to act on the 
impulse of my own first feelings. 

The result of their opinions is, 
tha:, by entering into the administra- 
tion upon the terms proposed to me, 
I should incur such a loss of personal 
ai:d pubUc character as would disap- 
point the object which his royal high- 
ness the prince regent has at heart ; 
and must render my accession to his 
government a new source of weakness, 
rather than an addition of strength. 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



235 



To become a part of your admi- 
nistration with the previous know- 
ledge of your unaltered opinions as to 
the policy of resisting all considera- 
tion of the state of the laws affecting 
his majesty's Roman catholic sub- 
jects, would, it is felt, be to lend my- 
self to the defeating of my own de- 
clared opinions on that most impor- 
tant question : opinions which are as 
far as those of any man from being 
favourable to precipitate and unqua- 
lified concession ; but which rest on 
the conviction that it is the duty of 
the advisers of the crown, with a 
view to the peace, tranquillity, and 
strength of the empire, to take that 
whole question into their early and 
serious consideration ; and earnestly 
to endeavour to bring it to a final and 
satisfactory settlement. 

With this result of the opinions of 
those whom 1 have consulted, my own 
entirely concurs : and such being the 
ground of my decision, it is wholly 
unnecessary to advert to any topics 
of inferior importance. 

After the expressions, however, 
with which you were charged on the 
part of all your colleagues, I should 
not be warranted in omitting to de- 
clare, that no objection of a personal 
sort should have prevented me from 
uniting with any, or all of them, in 
the public service, if I could have 
done so with honour ; and if, in my 
judgment, a cabinet, so constituted in 
all its parts, could have afforded to 
the country, under its present great 
and varidus difficulties, an adequately 
efficient administration. I cannot 
deny myself the satisfaction of add- 
ing, that the manner of your comrau- 
nicarion with me has entirely corre- 
sponded with the habits and sentiments 
of a friendship of so many years j a 
friendship which our general concur- 
rence on many great political princi- 



ples has strengthened, and which our 
occasional differences have in no de- 
gree impaired. 

On the public grounds which I 
have stated, I must entreat you to 
lay at the feet of the prince regent, 
together with the warmest expres- 
sions of my dutiful attachment to his 
royal highness, and of my acknow- 
ledgment for the favourable opinion 
which his royal highness has been 
graciously pleased to entertain of me, 
my humble but earnest prayer to be 
excused from accepting office on 
terms which, by a sacrifice of public 
character, must render me inefficient 
for the service of his royal highness** 
government. 

I presume, at the same time, hum- 
bly to solicit an audience of the 
prince regent, for the purpose of ex- 
plaining in person to his royal high- 
ness the grounds of my conduct, on 
an occasion on which I should be 
grieved to think, that his royal high- 
ness could, for a moment, consider 
me as wanting either in duty to his 
royal highness, or in zeal for the pub- 
lic service ; and assuring his royal 
highness that my inability to assist in 
forwarding his highness's purpose of 
procuring strength to his administra- 
tion, on the plan which has been sug- 
gested by his royal highness's confi- 
dential servants, does not arise from 
any disposition on my part, to shrink 
from the encounter of those difficul- 
ties which press, at this time, upofi 
the country and upon the crown. 
I am, &c. 
(Signed) Geo. Canning. 

No. 5. 
Explanatory Letter from Lord Li- 
verpool to the Marquis Wellesley. 

Fifehouscy May 19, l8l2. 
My dear Lord,— After the receipt 



23(5 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER 1812. 



of the paper which vou sent to me in 
the afternoon of yesterday, I should 
certainly have felt it to be unnecessa- 
ry and fruitless to trouble you with 
any further correspondence, if I were 
not desirous to correct the misappre- 
hension into whigh you appear to 
have fallen respecting my opinions, 
and those of my colleagues, upon the 
Kom; n catholic question. 

In the communication which pass- 
ed between us on Sunday, as well as 
that which I previously had with Mr 
Canning, I certainly stated my opi- 
nions upon the Roman catholic ques- 
tion to remain unchanged, and that I 
•was not aware that those of my col- 
leagues had undergone any change. 

Withrepect to myself individually, 
I must protest against its being infer- 
red from any declaration of mine, that 
it is, or ever has been, my opinion, 
that under no circumstances it would 
be possible to make any alteration m 
the laws respecting tiie Roman ca- 
tholics. 

Upon the last occasion on which 
the subject was discussed in parlia- 
ment, 1 expressly stated that circum- 
stances might arise, in which, in my 
judgment, some alteration in those 
laws would be advisable. I have al- 
ways been desirous of hearing the spe- 
cific proposition which should explain 
.distinctly, what part of the existing 
securities it was intended to repeal — 
what part it was intended to preserve 
.—and what were the new securities 
which it has been so often declared 
must be substituted in the place of 
some of those which are at present 
in force. 

1 have never heard any satisfactory 
explanation on this point. 

I will fairly own, that in the pre- 
sent state of the opiniore and feelmgs 
•f the Roman catholics, I do not be- 



lieve such a project to be practicable, 
consistently with the attainment of 
the avowed objects of really satisfying 
the Roman cathohcs, and of affording 
an adequate security to the establish- 
ed church and constitution. 

Entertaining this opinion, I have 
felt it to be my duty to continue to 
resist parliamentary enquiry on that 
subject, which, in my judgment, 
could be productive of no other ef- 
fect than that of alarming the pro- 
tcstants on the one hand, and delu- 
ding and deceiving the Roman ca- 
tholics on the other. 

With respect to the opinions of 
my colleagues, there are some who 
entirely agree with me in the view 
which I have taken of this question ; 
but I am sure it must be known to 
you from discussions at which you 
have been present, that there are 
others who have always entertained 
and avowed different opinions from 
those professed by me, upon some 
parts of this subject. 

You must recollect that considera- 
tions of a very high importance, but 
which might be only temporary in 
their nature, induced lis all, up to a 
very late period, to be decidedly of 
opinion that it was not proper, that 
under such circumstances the mea- 
sure should be entertained. 

You may be of opinion that since 
the month of February last these 
considerations have ceased to be in 
force ; but they are still regarded by 
others as not having lost their weight. 
Besides the consideration to which I 
have referred, the conduct and tem- 
per which the Roman catholics have 
been induced to manifest, — the prin- 
ciple upon which the question has 
been brought forward, — the circum- 
stances of Europe at this time, give 
rise to objections which are felt in c^ 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



237 



greater or less degree by different per- 
sons. 

I have thought this explanation 
due to my colleagues and to myself. 

In one point we are all agreed, that 
this is not the moment at which the 
question ought to be entertained with 
a view to any immediate practical 
consequence. I am aware, that in 
this sense of our duty, our opinions 
may be at variance with your's ; but 
it is material that these opinions 
should not be misunderstood, or sub- 
ject to the interpretation to which 
my silence might render them liable, 
if I had not returned some answer to 
that part of your paper. 

Upon the subject of the manner in 
•which the war m the peninsula has 
been managed, I forbear entering into 
any particulars at present ; but I 
think it material to observe, with re- 
spect to my declaration, that since 
your resignation it had been found 
practicable to make some extension 
of the military efforts in the peninsu- 
la, that this has not arisen from any 
means which were in existence at the 
time when you were in office, and 
which there had been then any indis- 
position or objection to direct to that 
object, but it has grown out of events 
which have subsequently occurred, 
and which may place at the disposal 
of government, means which weie at 
that time unavoidably applied to an- 
other service. 

As this letter is merely explana- 
tory, I will not give you the trouble 
of returning any answer to it ; but I 
am sure you will see the justice and 
propriety of considering it as a part 
of the correspondence which has 
passed between us on the subject to 
which it relates. 

I am, &c. 
(Signed) Liverpool. 

Marquis Wellesley, K. G. 



No. 6. 
Copy of Jjord Wellesiey's Reply to 
Lord Liverpool's Explanatoiy 
Letter of the lOth May, 1812. 

Ajysley House, May 21, 1812. 
My dear Lord, — Although you 
have had the goodness to dispense 
with my returning any answer to your 
letter of the 19th inst. some further 
observations on my part may, per- 
haps, contribute to promote the pro- 
fessedobject of that letter, by explain- 
ing and correcting whatever may ap- 
pear doubtful or erroneous in the 
course of our recent correspondence. 

When you informed me, that your 
opinion upon the claims of the Roman 
catholics remained unchanged, and 
that you were not aware of any 
change in the opinion of your col- 
leagues on that subject, I certainly 
concluded, that the policy which has 
been pursued during the present ses- 
sion of parliament, would be conti- 
nued by the new cabinet. Subsequent 
reflection satisfies me, that such a 
conclusion was just and reasonable ; 
nor can I admit, that I have fallen 
into any misapprehension of that sys- 
tem of policy, when I have described 
it as consisting, not only in the de- 
nial of any present relief to the Ro- 
man catholics, btt even a peremptory 
refusal to consider the state of the 
law which affects their civil condition. 

Whatever may be the different 
character or complexion of the opi- 
nions of the several members of the 
present cabinet, the practical result 
has been to pursue the course which 
I have described, during the present 
session of parliament ; and your ex- 
planation oil this point closes with an 
admission that you are all agreed to 
continue the same policy in tike pre- 
sent moment. 

No suggestion is made of the timt' 



238 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



r circumstances, in which any alte- 
ration of this system of policy can be 
expected ; no prospect is afforded of 
any conciliatory proceeding, which 
might tend to open the way to an 
amicable settlement ; and, while a de- 
sire of hearing specific propositions 
of security is professed, the very con- 
sideration of the question is denied to 
^ariiament, and is not pursued by any 
other authority. 

This statementisno misapprehension 
of the tenor of your explanatory let- 
ter ; and in such a state of the prac- 
tical consequence* of the united coun- 
cils of the present cabinet, it may be 
deemed superfluous to analyze indivi- 
dual sentiments. 

This task (however useless with 
regard to present practice) is requi- 
red from me, by the strong protest 
which you have made against any in- 
ference to be drawn from any decla- 
ration of your's " that it is, or ever 
has been, your opinion, that under no 
circumstances it would be possible to 
make any alteration in the laws re- 
specting the Roman catholics." To 
this protest, you have added an assu- 
rance, " That upon the last occasion, 
on which the subject was discussed in 
parliament, you expressly stated that 
fircumstances might arise in which, 
in your judgment, some alteration in 
those laws would be advisable." 

I confess freely to you, that I had 
always understood your recorded opi- 
nion on this subject in a very differ- 
ent sense : 1 had supposed, that you 
considered the disabilities imposed by 
statute upon the Roman cathoHcs, 
not as temporal and occasional secu- 
rities, against a temporal and occa- 
sional danger, but as an integral and 
permanent part of the constitution in 
church and state, established at the 
Jlevolution. 

In this opinion, I had always nn- 



derslood, that several of the princr* 
pal members of the present cabinet 
concurred with you ; and that you 
felt, in common, an apprehensiofly 
that the removal of any important 
part of this system of restraint would 
endanger the foundations of the esta- 
bhshment of our laws, liberties, and 
religion. 

Viewing in this light your senti- 
ments, and those of the respectable 
persons to whom I refer, I am per- 
suaded that I shall not be suspected 
of intending to cast any reflection up- 
on the honour or honesty of those 
principles, or of the persons who 
maintain them. 

I have ever considered those prin- 
ciples to be pure and honest in the 
minds in which I supposed them to 
reside ; and, while I gave full credit 
to their sincerity, I lamented their 
erroneous foundation and dangerous 
tendency. 

I must further declare, that from 
some accident, I did not hear the 
statement in parliament to which you 
refer, as having been made by you, 
on the last occasion in the House of 
Lords. 

I now, however, understand your 
opinion to be, that circumstances may- 
arise, in which, in your judgment, 
some alteration would be advisable in 
the laws affecting the Roman catho- 
lics. 

I should be desirous of urging the 
same enquiry respecting circumstan- 
ces, which you have made respecting 
securities ; and I should be anxious 
to hear the specific statement of all, 
or any of those circumstances, under 
which you would advise any altera- 
tion in the laws respecting the Ro- 
man catholics. 

The explanation which you require 
respecting securities, is attainable on- 
ly by a full consideration and discus- 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



!239 



sion of the whole subject ; and I there- 
fore view the declared intention of re- 
listing the first step towards such a 
discussion, as an effectual barrier 
against that explanation, which you 
consider ta be the necessary prelimi- 
nary to any alteration of the existing 
statutes. 

The details of your reasoning on 
this part of the question render the 
prospect of any settlement utterly 
hopeless. Yoo require a change in 
the state of the opinions, feelings,, 
conduct ajnd temper of the Roman 
catholica, as a preliminary, even to the 
consideration of the causes of their 
complaints. But is it possible to ex- 
pect effectual change in the temper 
of the Roman catholic body, while 
you refuse even to enquire into the na- 
ture of their grievances ? 

The repeated rejection of their 
claim, without any other deliberation 
than that which has arisen on the 
mere question of taking the petition 
into consideration, is not a course of 
proceeding calculated to mitigate the 
severity of disappointment. 

Reason and moderation mast ap- 
pear in our consideration of their 
prayer, if we hope to infuse those 
qualities into their proceedings. 

You require, also, a change in the 
circumstaiices of Europe. — Ignorant 
of the events which may have fur- 
nished any hope of such a change, 
aince I had the honour of a share in 
bis royal highness's councils, I must 
consider the determination to delay 
this interesting question, until liurope 
shall have assumed a new aspect, as a 
virtual negative upon the substance 
of tlie claim ; and I feel this point 
with a greater degree of pain because 
I. am convinced, that the continuance 
of Ireland in her present condition, 
TOUSt protract, if not perpetuate, tlie 



present unhappy conditioa of Eu- 
rope. 

But, until these preliminaries shall 
have been established, you declare, 
that it will be your duty ta resist 
parliamentary enquiry, which, in your 
judgment, could be productive of no 
other effect, than " to alarm the pro- 
testaiits, and to delude the Roman 
catholics." At the same time, yoa 
offer no hope, that the means of relief 
will be opened by aay other authori- 
ty. 

I cannot understand through what 
channel of reason or passion, the pro- 
testants should be alarmed, or the ca- 
tholics deluded, by a full and fair 
consideration of the state of the laws 
affecting the latter body. Indeed, I 
cannot conceive any proceeding so 
likely to iremove alarm, and prevent 
delusion, as that which appears to 
you likely to create both. 

On the other hand, I apprehend 
much more danger, both of alarm 
and of delusion, from any system of 
measures to be founded on the gene- 
ral and indistinct terms, in which yoa 
state, that '* circumstances may arise, 
in which some alteration in the laws 
would be advisable." 

You refer to considerations' of it 
** very high importance," which, un- 
til a very late period of time, have 
precluded the executive government 
and parliament from entertaining this 
measure ; and you suggest, that in 
the opinion of some persons, these 
considerations have not lost their 
weights 

I presume, that you refer to the 
sentiments of the most exalted and 
venerable authority in these realms, on 
the claims of his majesty's Roman ca- 
tholic subjects. 

As your letter seems to bear 
some reference to the course of my 



aa 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



conduct in parliament, and in his ma- 
jesty's councils on this subject, I 
avail myself of this opportunity to 
explain the motives, both of my for- 
oier silence, and of the recent decla- 
ration of my sentiments. 

At the remote period of the year 
1797, upon the eve of my departure 
for India, I stated to the late Mr Pitt 
my solicitude, that he should direct 
his attention to the settlement of Ire- 
land ; and I expressed to him my con- 
viction, that Ireland could neither be 
happily settled, nor firmly united to 
Great Britain, without a concurrent 
settlement of the claims of his majes- 
ty's Roman catholic subjects. The 
opinions which I declared to Mr Pitt, 
at that time, respecting the substance 
of those claims, were precisely similar 
to those which I have stated in the 
House of Lords during the present 
session of parliament. 

It is not necessary to enter upon 
any review of the transactions which 
passed during my absence in India, 
with relation to Ireland, or to the 
claims of the Roman catholics. 

I arrived from India in the month 
of January, 1806 ; and after one short 
intervitw with Mr Pitt, I assisted in 
performing the last sad office of fol- 
lowing his remains to the grave. 

You are aware, that long before 
that period of time, the " high con- 
siderations" to which you refer, had 
been fixed in full force ; that no at- 
tempt to change those sentiments 
could have been made with any pros- 
pect of success ; and that the result, 
even of a successful proceeding in 
parliament, would have tended only 
to produce the most dreadful extre- 
mity of confusion. 

You must remember, that I have 
always lamented (as serious national 
calamities, menacing the constitution 
of the monarchy) the reference, which 



has necessarily been made to the ex- 
istence of those personal sentiments, 
and the causes which have occasioned 
that necessity. 

With the warmest sentiments of 
personal veneration, attachment, and 
gratitude, my opinion has always 
been, that the duty of loyalty and 
affection towards a British sovereign 
does not consist in submissive obe- 
dience, even to the honest prejudices 
or errors of the royal mind, but ra- 
ther in respectful endeavours to re- 
move those prejudices and errors, by 
free advice in council, and by tempe- 
rate remonstrance in parliament. 

But the time for such endeavours 
had passed ; and I submitted reluc- 
tantly, not to my sense of the genu- 
ine duty of a faithful counsellor to- 
wards his sovereign, but to the pain- 
ful, and, by nie, irreversible necessity 
of the case. 

This is a subject of the utmost, of 
the most perilous delicacy : — your 
letter has opened it : — I will pursue 
it no farther than to assure you, that 
when, on the 31st of January, I de- 
clared in the House of Lords my sen- 
timents respecting the Roman catho- 
lic claims, the necessity which had 
occasioned my silence appeared to 
me to have entirely ceased. 

The second point of your explana- 
tory letter refers to the management 
of the war in the peninsula. 

Your suggestions are necessarily 
indistinct, with regard to the addi- 
tional means (which have occurred 
since my resignation), of extending 
our military efforts in that quarter : 
I think I can collect even from' your 
hints, that although those means are 
extraneous, the probabiHty of their 
existence might have been foreseen, 
as the natural result of instructions 
which were in progress of execution 
previously to my resignation. 



A^r>ENt)lX.-^TATl: PAPERS. 



Bit 



Bot riff objection to the system 
pursued in the peninsula, at thfe time 
of my resignJitJon, was applied to the 
whole framre and fabfic of our perma- 
nent arrangements, both in Portugd 
Wid Spain, tvhieh, in my judgment, 
HiUst be corrected and extended, ttot 
only with a view to the advantagebus 
Use of such means as we now possess 
in the peninsula, but even of such ad- 
ventitious and extrdneOtis means as 
events in other quarter may place at 
our disposal. Believ-e me, my dear 
lord, al\*ays your'c most sincerely, 

(Signed) WfeLLteSLEY. 

The Earl of Liverpool, &c. 



Negociations o^ tht Martjuis IVeUei^ 
leg and the Earl of Moirayforjb'rfn- 
in<r a Neto Administration. 

O 

No. I. 

Minute of Mr Canning's Communi- 
cation to the Earl of Liverpool, 
May 23d. 

Ftyi House, MaylX 1812. 

The Prince Regent having laid his 
commands on Lord Wellesley to form 
a plan of an administration, to be sub- 
mitted for his royal highness's appro- 
bation, Mr Canning was requested by 
Lord Wellesley, (as the channel of 
communication thought likely to be 
most agreeable to Lord Liverpool,) 
to enquire of Lord Liverpool, whe- 
ther there would be a disposition on 
the part of Lord Liverpool, and of 
his colleagues, or of any of them, to 
entertain any proposal which should 
be made to them for forming part of 
such an administration. 

The principles upon which the ad- 
ministration was intended to be form- 
ed were stated to be, 

1st. The taking into the early and 
serious consideration of the execatltt 

VOL. V. PART H. 



government the state of the laws af- 
fecting the Roman catholics, with a 
smtere and eaniest desire to brm^ 
that important question to a final ^xA 
satisfactory sfcttleriient. 

2diy. The prosecutiori 6f th'6 *w^l- 
in the peiliniw*, ^vith the best meahfc 
of the country. 

It was stated that thbre Would b* 
the sthingest wish to toittprehend W 
the aitangetneht, without any indivi- 
dual or patty exclusion whatever, ais 
many as possible of such persons ai 
might be able to agVe^ in giving theft 
public service to thfe country on thfefcfc 
two principles. 

With respect to tlife distrib^Uiofc 
of offices, it was stated thai nothihj 
of any sort was decided j oV- ilipUfew 
lated ; but thit eveiy thing Would 
be dpen to be arranged to the hohbUi- 
^tid satisfaction of all jiatts. 

Mo; 2. 

Lord Literpoors Letter to Mi' Chili 
ning, May ^3d. 

Fifi-House, May 2^, 1 81 2-. 

My dear Canning, — I have commu- 
nicated to my colleagues the memo- 
randum which I received from you 
this afternoon. 

They do not think it necessary to 
enter into any discussion of the prin. 
ciples stated in that memorandum, be- 
cause they all feel themselves bound, 
particularly after what has recently 
passed, to decline the proposal of be- 
coming members of an administration 
to be formed by Lord Wellesley. 
Believe me, &c. &c. 

Liverpool. 

. No. 3. 
Lord Melville's Letter to Mr Can- 
ning, May 23d. 

Park Lane, May 23, 1819. 
Deaf Canning, — You will proba- 
Q 



m 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



bly have received to-night from Lord 
Liverpool, the answer to the propo- 
sal which you left with him and com- 
mvinicated to me this afternoon. Ha- 
ving stated to you my strong repug- 
nance, or rather my decided objection, 
under present circumstances, to join 
an administration ef which Lord Wel- 
lesley was to be the head, it might 
be sui&cient for me to refer to Lord 
Liverpool's reply, more especially as 
I do not wish to enter into any de- 
tailed reasoning on a question relating 
to a matter of personal feeling. I 
think it due, however, to you, as well 
as to myself, to state distinctly, that 
I have no objection to act with an 
administration formed on the two 
principles mentioned in your memo- 
randum ; though I think it improba- 
ble that any consideration, which the 
government can give to the subject 
of the restrictions on the Roman ca- 
tholics, will enable it to propose such 
a system as will wholly satisfy their 
claims, and at the same time afford 
that degree of security to the protes- 
tant establishment, which is generally 
felt to be necessary. — I remain, &c. 
Melville. 

No. 4. 

Minute of a Communication made by 
Lord Wellesley to Lords Grey and 
Grenville, at Lord Grey's house, 

r May 23d. 

Lord Wellesley stated that he had 
received the commands of his royal 
highness the Prince Regent, to lay 
before his royal highness the plan of 
such an administration as he (Lord 
Wellesley) might deem adapted to 
the present crisis of affairs. 

That he had apprised his royal 
highness of the necessity of ascer- 
taining the views and dispositions of 
all parties with regard to certain ge- 



neral principles previously to the 
formatipn of any such plan. 

That he considered himself merely 
as the instrument of executing his 
royal highness's commands on this 
occasion, and that he neither claimed • 
nor desired for himself any station ia 
the administration which it was ia 
his royal highness's contemplation to 
fbrm. 

Under these circumstances, he re- 
quested to know whether any obsta- 
cle existed to the concurrence of Lords 
Grey and Grenville, or their friends, 
in the following general principles, 
as the basis upon which an admini« 
stration might be formed. 

First, That the state of the laws 
affecting the Roman catholics, and 
the claims of that body of his majes- 
ty's subjects, should be taken into 
immediate consideration, with a view 
to a conciliatory adjustment of those 
claims. 

Secondly, That the war in thfc 
peninsula should be prosecuted on a 
scale of adequate vigour. 

Lord Wellesley stated, that, as 
Mr Canning and he agreed in these 
principles, he had requested Mr Can- 
ning to communicate them to Lord 
Liverpool. 

Lord Wellesley has reduced the 
substance of this communication to 
writing, and now submits it to Lord 
Grey and Lord Grenville. 

Wellesley. 

No. 5. 
Lord Moira's Letter to Lord Wel- 
lesley, dated May 23d, relative to 
No. 4. 

St Jameses Places May 23d, 1812. 

My Lord, — i have the honour to 

acknowledge the receipt of a copy 

pf the minutes of the conversatioa 

which your lordship held with Lords 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



243 



Grey and Grenville ; and I feel much 
indebted for the communication ac- 
companying them. 

The proposed consideration of the 
catholic claims, and the adoption of 
a system of support to the Spaniards, 
such as may be really capable of pro- 
ducing a decisive result, are the two 
points of policy which I have long 
thought the most urgent for the be- 
nefit of the country. The question 
relative to the orders in council may 
be deemed as in eflFect settled by the 
evidence adduced before the two 
houses ; and the active correction of 
internal abuses must be confidently 
assumed as the object of such a minis- 
try as is likely to be formed through 
your instrumentality. A plan of go- 
vernment, therefore, on the basis pro- 
posed by your lordship, would have 
my most cordial wishes. Allow me 
to say, that this is not to convey any 
implication of engagement to accept 
office. This is not mentioned from 
the remotest regard to the possible 
distribution of situations ; nor does 
it involve objections to any indivi- 
dual, as there is nothing I should so 
much deprecate in the present state 
of public affairs, as a spirit of exclu- 
sion. Indeed, the candour and deli- 
cacy manifested by your lordship in 
these communications, are a perfect 
pledge that the details of arrange- 
ments could not but be entirely sa- 
tisfactory. 

I have the honour, my lord, to be 
with high esteem, your lordship's ve- 
ry obedient and humble servant, 

MoiA . 

No. 6. 

'Lord Lansdowne's Letter to Lord 
Wellesley, dated May 23d, rela- 
tive to No. 4. 

Berkeley-square, Saturday 
nighty May 23c?. 
My Lord,.— I am exceedingly sorry 



not to have been at home when your 
lordship did me the honour of calling 
at my house this morning, and am 
much obhged by the trouble you 
have taken in sending for my consi- 
deration, a copy of the minute of the 
communication made by your lord- 
ship to Lord Grey and Lord Gren- 
ville. 

As Lord Grey and Lord Gren- 
ville thought proper to acquaint me 
confidentially with that communica- 
tion, as well as the minute of the aa- 
swer they proposed to return to it ; 
and as I generally concur in the sen- 
timents they have there stated, I shall 
take the liberty of referring your 
lordship to that paper, and shall only 
add, there is no part of it in which I 
more cordially coincide with them, 
than in the expression of the gratifi- 
cation they have derived from your 
powerful exertions in support of the 
claims of the Roman catholics, and 
from the manner in which that sub- 
ject is adverted to in your minute. 

I have the honour to remain with 
great respect, your lordship's very 
faithful, and most obedient servant, 
Lansdowne. 

No. 7. 
Lord Holland's Letter to Lord Wel- 
lesley, dated May 23d, relative to 
No. 4. 

My Lord, — I had the honour of 
receiving your note and enclosure, 
and beg leave to return my sincere 
thanks for your attention in sending 
me so interesting and so early a com- 
munication. 

Lord Grenville and Lord Grey 
have been so good as to talk the mat- 
ter over with me confidentially, and 
I have the satisfaction of finding that 
1 concur generally in their views of 
the subject, and indeed, know no bet- 
ter way of expressing my opinion, 



24* 



EDINBURGH AI^Ny^L REGISTER, 1812. 



than by referring you to a n^emoran- 
diipi, which, I believe, it is their in- 
tention to deliver to you to-morrow 
morning. 

1 am, my lord, your obliged and 
^bedient humble servant. 

Vassal Holland. 
Camelford Housct 

May 23d. 

No. 8. 
Memorandum from ^ords Grey and 
Grenville, May 24tl^, in reply to 
Lord Wellesley's Minute, No. 4. 

Mat/ 24<tk, 1812* 

In such a moment as the present' 
we feel it to be the duty of afl public 
men, both by frank and concilia,tory 
explanations of principle, and by the 
total abandonmeht of every personal 
object, to facilitate, as far as may lie 
in their power, the means of giving 
effect to the late vote of the House 
of Commons, and of averting the im- 
minent and unparalleled dangers of 
the country. 

Lord Wellesley ha^s selected ^wo 
among the many important subjects 
which must engage the attentioi? of 
any men, who could, in such circum- 
stances, be called upon to consider of 
the acceptance p,f stations in public 
trust. On those two points, our ex- 
planation shall be as distinct as it is 
in our power to make it. 

On the first, indeed, our opinion is 
too well known, and has been too re- 
cently expressed, to need repetition. 

We have derived a very high gra- 
tification from Lord Wellesley's 
powerful exertions in support of the 
claims of the Rom.an catholics, as well 
as from the manner in which that sub- 
ject is adverted to in his minute, and 
we do not hesitate to assure him, that 
we will warmly support any proposal 
made by any ministers for the immer 
diate consideration of those claims^ 
with a view to their conciliatory ad- 



justment ; a measure without whicl|, 
we have already declared tl^at wp 
can entertain no nope, in any case, of 
rendering our pwn services useful. 

As to the second point, no person 
feels more stropgly than we do, the 
advantages which would result from a 
successful termination Pf ^he present 
cohtest in Spain. Bvit we are of opi- 
nion that the direction of military 
operations in an extensive war, and 
the njiore or less vigorous prosecution 
of those operations, are questions, not 
of principle, but of policy ; to be re- 
gulated by circumstances, in their na- 
ture temporary and fiuctuatingj and 
in many cases known only to persons 
in official stations, by the engager 
ments of the country, the prpspect of 
ultimate success, the extent of the 
exertions necessary for i^ attainment, 
and the means of supporting thos? 
efforts withoi^t too great a p'ressuf? 
on the finances and internal prpspeq? 
ty of the country, 

On such qqestions, thei;efore, i^q 
public men, C'lther in or out of ofiife^ 
can undertake for more than a delib^- 
rat? and dispassipnate ^onsideratioi^^ 
according to th&circutti?tances of the 
case as it may appear, and to such 
means of information as may then be 
within their reach. 

!l^ut we cannot in sincerity conceal 
from Lord Wellesley, tha;t in the 
present state of the fi,rian^e« we enter- 
tain the strongest doubts of the pra(;- 
ticability of an increase in a^iy branch 
of the public expenditure. 

No. 9. 
Lord Wellesley to Lord Grey, dated 
May 27th, communicating the 
termination of Lord "Welie&ky'a 
Coromissioo* 

y}psleii Housey May21i.h, 1812, 

1 q'€l^ck,p. m. 
My Lordj — I takjC the earliest op- 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



sis 



pbftiiriitj' of coftimiinicating the en- 
closed papers to your lordship. The 
paper enclosed (ifjo. 11) has not 
reached me until within this hour. 
It appeared to me to be important, 
that the intelligence which it contains 
should be conveyed to your lordship, 
to Lord Grenville, and to your re- 
spective friends, as soon as may be 
practicable. 

I shall be happy to have an oppor- 
tunity of stating to your lordship, 
and to iiord Grenville, at any time 
that you may appoint, the whole 
Course of my conduct, since I had the 
honour of seeing you. 

I have the honour to be, with 
gfeat respect, my lord, yotir lord- 
ship's most obedient and faithful ser- 
vant, Wellesley. 

I shall remain at home for some 
time, and shall be happy to see your 
lordship and Lord Gfenville, if it 
should be convenient. 

No. 10. 

Mr Canning's Statement to Lord 
Melville, enclosed in No. 9. 

Park Larie, May l&tlu ^812. 

Lord Melville having stated to Mr 
Canning that the ministers, hisr col- 
leagues, were considering, under the 
special command of his royal high- 
ness the prince regent, how far they 
could advance to meet the first of the 
two propositions laid down as tlie 
basis of the administratioh, proposed 
to be formed by Lord Wellesley ; 
Mr Canning feels it necessary before 
he offers any observation on tliat 
statement, to enquire in what situa- 
tion Lord Melville's colleagues con* 
eider themselves as standing at tlie 
present moment. 

Ist. Do they consider LorcftV'el- 
lesley's commission at an end, and the 



fornier administration as re- establish- 
ed ? 

2d. Are the discussions, which are 
now going on among them, directed 
to the ascertaining the possibility of 
the iijdividual members of that admi- 
nistration, or any of them, acceding 
to an administration to be formed by- 
Lord Wellesley ; or to some propo- 
sal to be made by them as a govern- 
ment to Lord Wellesley and Mr Can- 
ning ? 

If Lord Wellesley's commission 
is considered as at an end, it is essen- 
tial to Lord Wellesley's honour that 
the fact should be publicly known. 
He has entered upon communications 
which he could not terminate at the 
^oint to which they were brought, 
without distinctly stating his commis- 
sion to be at an end. 

If what is now in contemplation 
is, some new proposal to be made to 
Lord Wellesley and Mr Canning, 
from the former administration revi- 
ved, then the revival of that adminis- 
tration ought to be made matter of 
notoriety ; and the proposal itself 
must be distinctly stated, before 
Lord Wellesley and Mr Canning caa 
form any judgment upon it. 



No. ir. 

Lord Melville's Communication to 
Mr Canning, enclosed in No. 9. 

Ghcester Lodges May ^t, iSl^i 
10 a. m. 

Lord Mel\nlle called upon Mr 
Canning, and informed him, in an- 
&\ver to the questions which Mr Can- 
ning put to Lord Melville yesterday, 

1st, That Lord Wellesley's com- 
mission is considered by the Prince 
Regent as at an end. 

2d. That the persons now holding 



^6 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



offices, hold them only until their 
successors shall be appointed. 

Lord Melville had understood Mr 
Canning yesterday to say, that Lord 
Wellesley was of opinion that his 
commission was at an end ; but that 
he (Mr Canning) doubted it. 

This was a mistake. What Mr 
Canning stated was, that Lord Wel- 
lesley was in doubt as to the prince 
regent's intention ; and that he (Mr 
Canning) had no means of forming 
any opinion upon it. 

No. 12. 
Letter of Lord Grey to Lord Wel- 
lesley. 

Portman SguarCf 
May 27, 1812. 

My Lord, — I have the honour of 
returning the papers which your 
Itrdship was so good as to put into 
my hands this morning. 

I observe a material difference be- 
tween the terms in which the two 
principles, proposed as the basis of a 
new administration, are stated in Mr 
Canning's minute, and in that sent to 
Lord Grenville and me by your lord- 
ship. I think it necessary to call 
your lordship's attention to this cir- 
cumstance, because if these discus- 
sions should proceed further, it may 
become of the utmost importance. 

I am, with the highest regard, my 
lord, your lordship's very faithful and 
humble servant, 

(Signed) Grey. 

The Marquis Wellesley. 

No. 13. 

Letter of Lord Wellesley to Lord 

Grey. 

JpsUy Housct 

May 28, 1812. 

My Lord,— I should have return- 



ed an earlier acknowledgment of the 
honour of your lordship's letter of 
yesterday, had I not thought it ne- 
cessary to see Mr Canning, before I 
troubled your lordship with any an- 
swer to your observations on our re- 
spective minutes. 

Having carefully examined those 
papers, and compared them with our 
view of the points to which they re- 
fer, we have drawn the enclosed pa- 
per for your lordship's information, 
and have authenticated it by our re- 
spective signatures. 

I have the honour to be, with the 
greatest respect, my lord, your lord- 
ship's faithful humble servant, 

(Signed) Wellesley. 

The Earl Grey. 

No. 14. 

Paper signed by Lord Wellesley and 

Mr Canning. 

The variance in point of phrase in 
the two propositions as stated by 
Lord Wellesley and Mr Canning in 
their minutes of conference arises 
from this circumstance, that Lord 
Wellesley and Mr Canning went to 
their respective conferences without 
having thought it necessary previous- 
ly to reduce into a written form the 
communications which .they were to 
make, being in full possession of each 
other's sentiments upon the subject 
of them. 

The two minutes were written by 
them as containing the substance of. 
their respective communications ; that 
of Mr Canning in Lord Liverpool's 
presence ; that of Lord Wellesley 
immediately after his return from 
Lord Grey. 

There does not appear to Lord 
Wellesley and Mr Canning to be any 
substantial variance in the first pro- 
position. 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



24-7 



The word " early" in Mr Can- 
ning's minute might be exchanged 
for the word '* immediate," used by 
Lord Wellesley, without in any de- 
gree altering the sense : as with 
a motion actually pending in the 
House of Commons, which, (but for 
the events that have recently taken 
place) would have come on this very 
day, the object of which was to com- 
pel the executive government to take 
the subject of the catholic question 
into consideration, it cannot be neces- 
sary to say that Mr Canning has no 
wish to defer that coi^gideration. On 
the other hand, consideration by the 
executive government is the object 
which it is Lord Wellesley's intention 
to recommend ; nor does he conceive 
any further parliamentary proceeding 
to be necessary or practicable this 
session than such as might be suffi- 
cient to insure, either by compulsion 
upon a hostile administration, or by 
pledge from a friendly one, the con- 
sideration of the question during the 
recess with a view to its being brought 
before parliament, by the recommend- 
ation of the crown, early in the ensu- 
ing session. 

A committee to enquire into the 
state of the laws has been already 
negatived in both houses this ses- 
sion. 

A *' conciliatory adjustment" of 
the claims of the Irish catholics is 
the object which Lord Wellesley and 
Mr Canning have equally at heart : 
and it enters equally into both their 
views, that to be " conciliatory" that 
adjustment must be so framed as to 
embrace the interests and opinions of 
the English catholics, — also to obtain 
the enlightened and deliberate con- 
sent of the protestants of both coun- 
tries. They would think any adjust- 
ment very imperfect which, instead of 



extinguishing discontent, only trans- 
ferred it from the catholic to the pro- 
testant. 

But they concur in entertaining a 
confident belief, that the great pur- 
pose of securing the peace of the em- 
pire may be answered, not by giving 
a triumph to any one party, but by 
reconciling all. 

In the substance of the second 
proposition, there is no variance as to 
any practical and prospective pur- 
pose, though undoubtedly there is, 
and it is natural there should be, 
some as to the past, arising from the 
difference of Mr Canning's and Lord 
Wellesley's respective situations. 

When Mr Canning says, that the 
peninsular war is to be carried on 
" with the best means of the coun- 
try," he intends the greatest scale of 
exertion which the means of the coun- 
try may be found capable of sustain- 
ing. 

If Lord Wellesley's expression, " a 
scale of adequate vigour," may be 
construed to imply the proposition, 
that the late exertions of this coun- 
try have not been proportioned to the 
great object of the war, or have not 
been duly distributed or apportion- 
ed, this proposition Mr Canning cer- 
tainly does not intend either to affirm, 
or to deny ; simply because, not ha- 
ving been in the government during 
the last two years, he has not suffici- 
ent information to be able to pro- 
nounce an opinion, whether the ex" 
ertions of those two years have or 
have not been below the proper scale, 
or have been well or ill administered; 
nor how far they may now admit of 
being extended or more judiciously 
applied. 

He concurs, however, entirely with 
Lord Wellesley, in wishing to ex- 
tend them to the utmost power «f 



19 



*ii8 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1»12. 



the couiHry ;, apuj. ^ *pply tHpm in 
the mariner bgst; c^$:ula)ted to apswer 
their end. 

^Signed) Wj^Ijc&lky. 

GjeP^<?J8i CA^NJNCf* 

Nio. 15.. 
Xicttet from, Lord Grey to J^Ord 

Wellesley. 

' ■ Portman. Squarey 

. '"■ i>fay29»1812.. 

My liOrdi-rr-I had, last night the 
honour of receiving your locdship's 
letter, enclosing a paper explanatory 
of the difference which 1 had reofark- 
ed between your lordship's, minute 
and Mr Canning's, together witlt a 
copy of the latter. 

I beg your lordship, to^ be assured 
that in the ob-iervation to which I 
had thought it necessary to call your 
lordship's, attention, I could have no 
object but that of preventing the 
possibility of any future misunder- 
standing. We had not entered into 
any explanation, which, under the cir- 
cumstances of the moment, would 
perhaps have been premature, of the 
details of conduct necessary to give 
effect to the first of the propositions, 
tiered by your lordship as the basis 
of a new administration. From the 
difference of the terms uaed by Mr 
Canning in stating that proposition, 
I was apprehensive that it might be 
bis opinion, in concurrence with your 
lordship's, that no parliamentary pro- 
ceeding with reference to the claims 
of the catholics, should take place 
during the present session. To such 
an opinion I could not have as^nted ; 
apd I felt it to be due both to your 
lordship and Mr Canning, immediate- 
ly to draw your attention to a point, 
on which it w as so desirable that tliere 
should be a clear understanding be- 
tween us. 



I hope it is unnecessary for me to 
state, that I can look at the situations 
of the catholics (both Irish and Eng- 
lish) with no other view than that of 
the public interest ; and that nothing 
can be further from my disposition, 
or my intention, in a matter of such 
pre-eminent importance, than to- give 
toi any one party a triumph at the 
expence of another. But I do- not 
conceive,, that the repeal of the disa- 
bilitiee^ of which the cat-holies con»^ 
plain, can give any just cauae for dis- 
content to their protestant fellow- 
subjects ; and I am strongly of opi- 
nion, that the efficacy of that mea- 
sure must in a great degree depend 
on its being carried into effect with 
the least possible delay., andi with t-he 
clearest demonstrations of a. concilia- 
tory and confiding spirit. Under this 
impreision I should very reluctantly 
abandon, the hope of passing a bill 
for. such, repeal, even during the pre- 
sent session J but if this cannot be 
done, I hold it to be indispensable, 
that the most distinct and authentic 
pledge should be given of the inten- 
tion, both of the executive govern- 
ment and of parliament, to take this 
matter up as one of the first measures 
of the next. To a proceeding of 
this nature, from the paper signed by 
your lordship and Mr Canning, I am 
led to hope, that you would not be 
adverse. 

As to the second proposition, the 
difference which I had observed was 
much less important. It is impossi- 
ble to reduce a question of this na-. 
ture to any fixed principle. What-, 
ever we can say with our present 
means of information, must necessari- 
ly be general and inconclusive, the 
whole subject being left open to fu-. 
ture consideration and decision. I 
can have no hesitation in subscribing 
to the proposition, that, if it shall be 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



24^ 



found expedient to c(MitiB«e the ex- 
ertions we are now making in the 
peninsula, they should be conducted 
in the manner best calculated to an- 
swer their end. 

I have, I fear, troubled your lord- 
ship much more than is necessary un- 
der the circumstances of our present 
situation ; and I will only add, that 
if we should be called upon to pursue 
these considerations in their practical 
details, it will be my moat anxious 
wish, that no difference of opinion 
may be found to exiet between us, 
respecting the conduct to be adopted 
by a government eq.uaUy solicitous 
for the internal peace and harmony of 
the empire,, and for the prosecution of 
military operations in such a mode as 
nray appear most conducive to our ul- 
timate security. Lord Grenville, to 
whom I have communicated your 
Iqrdahip's letter, and its enclosures, 
desires me to express his cordial con- 
currence in this wish. 

I have the honour to be, with the 
highest regard^ my lord, your lord- 
ship's very faithful humble servant, 
(Signed) Gbsy. 

I 
No. 16. 
Lord Wellesley's K-eply to Lord 
Grey, May 29th„ 1&12. 

Apsley House f 
Mai/ 29, 1812. 
My Lord; — I request your lord- 
ship to accept my sincere thanks for 
your letter of this day's date- 
In the actual state of affairs, it 
might be deemed premature to enter 
into any more particular discussions, 
than those already submitted to your 
lordship on the points to which you 
have adverted with so much perspi- 
cuity, ability, and candour. 

But I cannot omit this opportunir 
,ty of assuring your lordship, that I 



haye derived from the sentinnents, so 
justly expressed in your letter, a 
tirm expectation, that if the advice 
which I have humbly offered to the 
prince regent, should be ultimately 
approved, a happy prospect will open 
to the country of recovering internrf 
peace, and of prosecuting the war 
with success, under an administration 
worthy of the confidenceof the prince, 
and of the people, and equal to the 
arduous charge of pubHc affairs, amidst 
all the difficulties and dangers of the 
present crisis. 

I have the honour to be, with the 
highest respect, my lord^ your lord- 
ship's most faithful and obedient ser- 
vant, WEELB3I-EY. 

No. 17. 
Minute of a Gommunication made 
by Lord Wellesley to Lord Grey, 
at Lord Grey's House, June Ist, 

iai2. 

Lord Wellesley stated that he had 
on that morning, received full autho- 
rity from the prince regent to form 
an administration under his royal 
highness's commands ; and that he 
was specially authorised to communi- 
cate with Lords Grey and Grenville 
on the subject. 

That his royal highness entertained 
no wish to exclude from the proposed 
administration , an y person , or descrip- 
tion of persons, who could unite in 
the principles on which the adminis- 
tration was to be founded. 

That the two positions stated' in 
Lord Wellesley's minute of May 23d, 
and subsequently explained in the let- 
ters which had passed between i^ord 
Wellesley and Lord Grey, of the 
dates of the 27th, 28th, and 29th of 
May, 1812, were intended by his 
royal highness to constitute the 
foundation of his^ administration. 



250 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



That his royal highness had signifi- 
ed his pleasure, that Lord Wellesley 
should conduct the formation of the 
administration in all its branches, and 
should be first commissioner of the 
treasury ; and that Lord Moira, Lord 
Erskiae, and Mr Canning, should be 
members of the cabinet. 

That it was probable, that a cabi- 
net, formed on an enlarged basis, 
must be extended to the number of 
twelve or thirteen members : that the 
prince regent wished Lords Grey and 
Grenville, on the part of their friends, 
to recommend for his royal highness's 
approbation, the names of four per- 
sons, (if the cabinet should consist of 
twelve) and of five persons, (if the 
cabinet should consist of thirteen ) to 
be appointed by his royal highness to 
fill such stations in his councils as 
might hereafter be arranged. 

That his royal highness left the 
selection of the names to Lords Grey 
and Grenville without any exception 
or personal exclusion. 

That in completing the new ar- 
rangement, the prince regent has 
granted to Lord Wellesley entire li- 
berty to propose for his royal high- 
ness's approbation, the names of any 
persons now occupying stations in his 
royal highness's councils, or of any 
other persons. 

That if the proposition made to 
Lords Grey and Grenville, should 
be accepted as the outline of an ar- 
rangement, all other matters would 
be discussed with the most anxious 
solicitude to promote harmony and 
general accommodation. Wellesley. 

No. 18. 
Lord Grey to Lord Wellesley, dated 
2d June, on the subject of No. 17. 

Camelford House, 
June 2d, 1812. 
My Lord, — I lost no time in send- 



ing for Lord Grenville, and have 
communicated to him, since his arri- 
val, the proposal made to me yester- 
day by your lordship. 

We have felt the necessity of a fur- 
ther communication with our friends, 
and this, I fear, will make it impos- 
sible for us to send our final answer 
to the minute which I had the honour 
of receiving from your lordship yes- 
terday evening, till a late hour to- 
night, or early to-morrow morning. 

To obviate, however, as far as I ' 
can, any inconvenience which might 
arise from this delay, J think it right 
to state to your lordship, that the 
feeling which I yesterday expressed 
to you, as to the nature of the pro- 
posal which you were authorised by 
the prince regent to make to Lord 
Grenville and me, has been confirmed 
by subsequent reflection, as well as 
by the opinion of Lord Grenville, 
and, indeed, of every person with 
whom I have hitherto had an oppor- 
tunity of consulting. 

I have the honour to be, with the 
highest regard, my lord, your lord- 
ship's very faithful, humble servant. 

Grey. 

No. 19. 
Letters from Lords Grey and Gren- 
ville to Lord Wellesley. 

Camelford House, 
June 2>d, 1812. 

My Lord, — We have considered 
with the most serious attention the 
minute which we have had the ho- 
nour to receive from your lordship ; 
and we have communicated it to such 
of our friends as we have had the op- 
portunity of consulting. 

On the occasion of a proposal made 
to us under the authority of his royal 
highness the prince regent, we wish 
to renew, in the most solemn manner, 
the declaration of our uufei gned de- 



APPENDIX.—STATE PAPERS. 



251 



I 



sire to have facilitated, as far as was 
in our power, the means of giving ef- 
fect to the late vote of the House of 
Commons, and of averting the immi- 
nent and unparalleled dangers of the 
country. No sense of the public dis- 
tress and difficulty — no personal feel- 
ings of whatever description, would 
have prevented us under such circum- 
stances, from accepting, with dutiful 
submission, any situations in which 
we could have hoped to serve his 
royal highness usefully and honoura- 
bly J but it appears to us, on the most 
dispassionate reflection, that the pro- 
posal stated by your lordship cannot 
justify any such expectation. 

We are invited, not to discuss with 
your lordship, or with any other pub- 
lic men, according to the usual prac- 
tice in such cases, the various and im- 
portant considerations, both of mea- 
sures and of arrangements, which be- 
long to the formation of a new go- 
vernment, in all its branches, but to 
recommend to his royal highness a 
number limited by previous stipula- 
tion, of persons willing to be included 
in a cabinet, of which the outlines 
are already definitely arranged. 

To this proposal we could not ac- 
cede without the sacrifice of the very 
object which the House of Commons 
has recommended — the formation of 
a strong and efficient administration. 

We enter not into the examination 
of the relative proportions, or of the 
particular arrangements which it has 
been judged necessary thus previous- 
ly to establish. It is to the principle 
of disunion and jealousy that we ob- 
ject — to the supposed balance of con- 
tending interests, in a cabinet so mea- 
sured out by preliminary stipulation. 
The times imperiously require an ad- 
ministration united in principle, and 
strong in mutual reliance : possessing 
silso the qonfidence of the crown, and 



assured of its support in those heal- 
ing measures which the public safety 
requires ; and which are necessary to 
secure to the government, the opinion 
and affections of the people. 

No such hope is presented to us by 
this project, which appears to us 
equally new in practice, and objec- 
tionable in principle. It tends, as we 
think, to establish, within the cabinet 
itself, a system of counteraction in- 
consistent with the prosecution of any 
uniform and beneficial course of po- 
licy. 

We must, therefore, request per- 
mission to decline all participation in 
a government constituted upon such 
principles : satisfied, as we are, that 
the certain loss of character which 
must arise from it to ourselves, could 
be productive only of disunion and 
weakness in the administration of the 
public interests. 

We have the honour to be, with 
great respect, &c. 

(Signed) Grey. 

(Signed) Grenviele, 

No. 20. 
Explanatory Letter from Lord Moi- 
ra to Lord Grey, June 3d, on the 
subject of Lord Wellesley's Mi- 
nute, No. 17. 

June 3, 1812. 

My dear Lord, The answef 

which you and Lord Grenville have 
returned to the proposal made by 
Lord Wellesley seems to throw an 
oblique imputation upon me ; there- 
fore I entreat your re-consideration 
of your statement as far as it may 
convey that impeachment of a proce- 
dure in which I was involved. You 
represent the proposition for an ar- 
rangement submitted to you as one 
calculated to found a cabine t upon 
a principle of counteraction. When 



4^ 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



the most rtiaierial of the prtrbKc ob- 
jects which were to be the immediate 
groand of that cabinet's exertion had 
Been previously miderstood between 
the parties, i own it id dtffictih for 
tile to comprehend what principle of 
counteraction could be introduced. 
If there be any ambiguity which does 
not strike me, in Lord Wellesley's 
last paper, surely the constructton 
ought to be sought in the antecedent 
comuiunication ; and I think the ba- 
sis on which that communication had 
annouHced the intended cabinet to 
stand was perfectly clear. With re- 
gard to- tthe indication of certaiti in- 
divM'uarl's, I can assert that it was a 
measure adopted through the highest 
spirit of fairness to you add your 
mend*s. 

Mr Canning's name waar mention- 
ed, because JLord Wellesley would 
have declined office without him"; 
and it was a frankness to apprize you 
of it : and Lord Erskine's and mine 
were stated with a view of shewing, 
that Lord Wellesley, so far from ha- 
ving any jealousy to maintain a pre- 
ponderance in the cabinet, actually 
left a majority to those who had been 
afccustomed to concur upon most pub- 
lic questions ; and he specified Lord 
Erskine and myself, that you might 
see the number submitted for your 
exclusive nomination was not narrow- 
ed by the necessity of advertence to 
us. The choice of an additional mem- 
ber of the cabinet left to you, must 
prove how und^stinguishable \^e con- 
sider our interests and your's, whert 
this was referred to your considera- 
tion as^ a mere matter of convenience, 
the embarrassment of a numerous ca- 
binet being well known. The refer- 
ence to members of the late cabinet, 
or other persons, was always to l>e 
coupled with the estabhshed poilif 
ihat they were such as could concur 



in thtf principles laid down as I he 
foundation for the projected ministry : 
and the statement was principaUy 
dictated by the wish to shew-, that no 
system of exclusion could interfere 
with the ari^ngements which the 
pcibhc service might demand. On 
the selection of those persons, t ater 
the opinions of you, Lord Grenville, 
and the others vS'hOm you might 
bring forward as members of the ca- 
binet, were to Operate as fuHy as our 
own, and this vfras to be the case also 
with regard to subordinate offices. 
The expressiofi that this was left to 
be proposed by Lord Wellesley, was 
intended to prove that his rOyal high- 
ness did not, even in the most indi- 
rect manner, suggest i6y one of those 
individuals. 

It is really impossible that the 
spirit of fairness can have been car- 
ried further than has been the inten- 
tion in this negociatiOn. I therefore 
lament most deeply that an arrange- 
ment so important for the interests of 
the country should go off upon points 
which I cannot but think wide of the 
substance of the case. 

( Signed Moira. 

No. 21. 
Lord Wellesley to Lord IVfbira, ap- 
proving Lord Moira*8 Letter (No. 
20. ) to Lord Grey, of the 3d June. 

Apsley-housCy June 3d, 1812. I 
My dear Lord, — I return the copy 
of your lordship's letter to Lorcf 
Grey. This communication to Lord 
Grey is most useful, and the sub- 
stance of it is admirably judicious, 
clear, and correct. 

My declaration, this dayt in the 
House of Lord«y was indispensably 
necessary to my public and private 
honour ; both of which would have 
been involved, if f had not, in full 



APPEMDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



tsb 



parliament, announcedJAbst I had re- 
signed the conaniission, with which 
his royal highness had charged nie. 
Believe me, &c. Wellesley. 

No, 22. 
iiord Grey's Reply to I,ord Moire's 
J^ftter (No. ^O.j of the 3d gf 
JUPf. 

Portman Square^ ^th June, 1812f 

My de^r I^ord,— Being obliged to 
p imn:iediately from the House qf 

prds to a dinner party, ^nd after- 
wards tp (I niepting J^t Lord Gran- 
ville's, which pccupied me till a late 
hour, it was nqt in my power XQ an-- 
swrer yoyr letter last; pight. 

You n^ust be top wejl ^ware of wy 
personal feelings towards ypy, of my 
ei^eem for your character, and of my 
ppnfidence in yoyr honour, to enter* 
tain any opinion respecting your con- 
duct ipcpu^istent with those sentir 
raetits. Noihing, therefore, could be 
mpre remote from my intention-r-a,nd 
I am desired by J^o^d GrenviUe, tp 
whom I have anewn your letter, tP 
give you the same assurance on his 
part — than to cast any imputation 
whatever pn you, as to the part you 
have borne in the prqc^edings which 
have lately taken place for the forma- 
tipn pf a new adjministra,tion. We 
Icnpw with how sincere an anxiety for 
the honour of the prince, and for the 
public interest, you have laboured to 
effect; tlj^vt object. 

Whatsoever o,bjections we may 
feel,^ therefore,, to the proposed whicK 
has beep made to us, we beg they 
may be understood as having no re-, 
ference whatever to any part of your 
coijdu.ct. That pjcoposal was made 
tiQ U9( in a formal and authorised com- 
munication from L,ord Wellesley^ 
bpth personally to me, and afterwards 
in, a writ;teo minute. It appeared to 



US to be founded on a principle to 
which we could not assent, consist- 
ently with our honour, and with a due 
sense of public duty. The grounds 
of thig opinion have been distinctly 
Stated in our joint letter to Lord 
Wellesley : nor can they be altered 
by a private explanation : which* 
thpugh it might lessen some obvioui 
objections to a part of the detail, still 
leaves the general character of the 
proceeding unchanged- Nothing 
could be more painful to me than to 
enter into any thing like a controver- 
sial discussion with you ; in which I 
could only repeat more at large the 
s^me feelings and opinions which, ia 
concurrence with Lord GrenviUe, I 
have already expressed in our formal 
answer. I beg ooly to usaure you, 
befpire I conclude, that I have felt 
very sensibly, and »hall always haye 
a pleasure in acknowledging, your 
personal kindness to me in the course 
of this transaction. I am, with every 
sentiment ©f true re«pect and att«u- 
tipn, my dear lord, ypur*8 moat faith- 
fully, Grky. 

No. 23. 
Lord W^llesiley's Reply to the Let- 
ter (No. 19,)from Lords Grey 
aivi GreftviUe, of the 3d of June. 

Jpsleif-housis, Jpune 3d, 18.12. 
My Lords, — I received the letter, 
by which I wa5 honoured from yoiay 
lordshipathi$morning„ with the mqsit 
sincere regret ; and I have dischar- 
ged the painful duty of submit tiug it 
to his royal highness the prince re- 
gent. It would have^ afforded me 
some consolation, if the' coutiBuance 
of the authority confided tp m« by hia 
royal highness had ewls^kd me, unde* 
hja royal bighnes^'s conajnaads, toof" 
fer to your lordships a full and casr. 
di4 expiration of those poiats » tuf 



i85« 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



minute of the Ist of June, which 
your lordships appear to me to have 
entirely misapprehended. But as his 
royal highness has been pleased to 
intimate to me his pleasure, that the 
formation of a new administration 
•hould be entrusted to other hands, I 
have requested permission to decline 
all further concern in this transaction. 

I remain, however, extremely an- 
xious to submit to your lordships 
some explanatory observations re- 
specting the communications which 
I have had the honour to make to 
you ; and I trust that your lordships 
will indulge me with that advantage, 
although I can no longer address you 
under the sanction of the prince re- 
gent's authority. 

I have the honour to be, with 
great respect, my lords, your most 
faithful and obedient servant, 

( Signed ) Wellesley. 

No. 24<. 

Lord Wellesley to Lord Grey on 

the same Subject, dated 4th June. 

Apsley-hotise, June 4fth, 1812. 

My Lord, — When I applied yes- 
terday to your lordship and Lord 
Grenville, for permission to submit to 
you some explanatory observations 
respecting the communications which 
I have had the honour to make to 
you by the authority of the prince 
regent, I was not aware that Lord 
Moira had addressed a letter to your 
lordship of the same nature as that 
which I was desirous of conveying to 
you. 

The form of such a letter, either 
from Lord Moira or me, must have 
been private, as neither of us possess- 
ed any authority from the prince 
regent, to open any further commu- 
nication with your lordship, or with 
Lord Grenville ; a circumstance 



which 1 deeply lament, under a san- 
guine hope, that additional explana- 
tions, sanctioned by authority, might 
have removed the existing obstacles 
to an amicable arrangement. 

Lord Moira has sent me a copy of 
his letter ( No. 20. ) to your lordship 
of yesterday's date; and as it contains 
an accurate, clear, and candid state- 
ment of the real objects of the propo- 
sal which I conveyed to you, it ap- 
pears to me to have furnished you 
with as full an explanation as can be 
given in an unauthorised paper. Un- 
der these circumstances, it might be 
deemed superfluous trouble to your 
lordship and to Lord Grenville, to so- 
licit your attention to a private letter 
from me ; although T should be most 
happy if any opportunity were af- 
forded of renewing a conciliatory in- 
tercourse, under the commands of the 
prince regent, with a view to attain 
the object of our recent communica- 
tions. — I have thehonour to be, with 
great respect, my lord, your lord- 
ship's most faithful and humble ser- 
vant, Wellesley. 

No. 25. 
Lord Grey's Reply to Lord Welles- 
ley's Letter, No. 24. 

Portman Square, June ^thy 1812. ; 

My Lord, — I have had the honour 
of receiving your lordship's letter of 
this day's date. 

As Lord Moira has communicated 
to your lordship the copy of his let- 
ter to me, I take it for granted that 
you have in the same manner been 
put in possession of my answer, which 
contains all that I can say with re- 
spect to the explanation of the pro- 
posal made by your lordship to Lord 
Grenville and myself. 

I was perfectly aware, that Lord 
Moira's letter could in no degree be 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



^55 



considered as an authorised commu- 
nication, but that it was simply a 
private explanation offered for the 
purpose of removing the objections 
which had been stated by Lord 
Grenville and me to the proposal con- 
tained in the written minute transmit- 
ted to us by your lordship, under the 
authority of the prince regent. But 
though it could not vary the effect of 
that minute in my opinion, I was hap- 
py to receive it as an expression of 
personal regard, and of that desire 
which we readily acknowledge both 
in your lordship and Lord Moira, and 
which is reciprocal on the part of 
Lord Grenville and myself, that no 
difference of opinion on the matter in 
question should produce on either 
side any personal impression, which 
might obstruct the renewal of a con- 
ciliatory intercourse, whenever a more 
favojirable opportunity shall be af- 
forded for it. 

I have the honour to be, with the 
highest regard, my lord, your lord- 
ship's very faithful humble servant, 
(Signed) Grey. 

No. 26. 
Lord Moira to Lords Grey and 
Grenville proposing an interview 
with them, 5th June. 

Lord Moira presents his best com- 
pliments to Earl Grey and Lord 
Grenville. Since Lord Wellesley 
has declared his commission from the 
prince regent to be at an end. Lord 
Moira (as being honoured with his 
royal high ness's confidence,) ventures 
to indulge the anxitty he feels, that 
an arrangement of the utmost import, 
ance for the interests of the country 
should not go off on any misunder- 
standing. 

He therefore entreats Lord Grey 
and Lord Grenville to advert to the 



explanatory letter (No. 20) of the 
3d June, written by him to the for- 
mer : and if the dispositions therein 
expressed shall appear to them likely 
to lead, upon conference, to any ad- 
vantageous result towards co-opera- 
tion in the prince's service, he will be 
happy to have an interview with 
them. 

Should the issue of that conversa- 
tion prove such as he would hope, 
his object would be to solicit the 
prince regent's permission to address 
them formally. He adopts this mode, 
to preclude all difficulties in the out- 
set. Let him be permitted to remark, 
that the very urgent pressure of pub- 
lic affairs renders the most speedy 
determination infinitely desirable. 

N. B. This was written in the 
presence of the Duke of Bedford, in 
consequence of conversation with his 
grace ; and was by him carried to 
Lord Grey. 

No. 27. 
Note from Lords Grey and Gren- 
ville, declining unauthorized dis- 
cussions, 5th June. 

House o/Lordst June 5, 1812. 

We cannot but feel highly gratifi- 
ed by the kindness of the motive on 
which Lord Moira acts. Personal 
communication with him will always 
be acceptable and honourable to us, 
but we hope he will be sensible that 
no advantage is Hkely to result from 
pursuing this subject by unauthorised 
discussions, and in a course different 
from the usual practice. 

Motives of obvious delicacy must 
prevent our taking any step towards 
determining the prince regent to au- 
thorise Lord Moira to addres.s us 
personally We shall always receive 
with dutiful submission his royal 
highness's commands, in whatever 



256 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



manner, and through whatever chan« 
nel, he may be pleased to signify them» 
and we trust we shall nerer be found 
wanting in zeal for his royal high- 
ness's service, and for the public in- 
terest : but we cannot venture to 8ug« 
gest to his royal highness, through 
any other person, our opinions on 
points in which his royal highness is 
not pleased to require our advice. 
(Signed) Grsy. 

Grenville. 

No. 28. 
" Lord Moira to Lords Grey and Gren- 
ville, informmg them, that he has 
the Prince Regent's authority to 
address them, and requesting to 
know when and where he can tee 
them. 

Lord Moira presents his best com- 
pliments to Lord Grey and Lord 
Grenville. 

Discouraged, as he unavoidably 
must be, he yet cannot reconcile it to 
himself to leave any effort untried: 
and he adopts their principle for an 
interview, though he doubts if the 
desired conclusion is likely to be so 
well advanced by ii, as would have 
been the case in the mode suggested 
by him. 

He has now the prince regent's in- 
ptructions to take steps towards the 
formation of a minittry ; and i* au- 
thorised specially to address himself 
to Lords Grey and Grenville. It is, 
therefore, his request to kiH>w, when 
and where he can v/ait upon them. 
He would wish to bring Lord £r- 
ikiae with him. 

June 6, 1812. Eleven forenoon. 

No, 29. 
Minute of a conversation between 
Lord Moira and Lords Grey and 



Grenville, at which Lord Eiskine 
was present. 

St Jameses Placet June 6, 1812. 
Lord Moira stated to Lord Grey 
and Lord Gresville, that he was au- 
thorised by the prince regent, to con- 
sult with them on the formation of a 
new government. And satisfactory- 
explanations having taken place be- 
tween them, respecting such measures 
as appeared to be of the greatest ur- 
gency at the present moment, more 
especially with reference to the situa- 
tion of his majesty's Roman catholic 
subjects, and the differences now un- 
happily subsisting with America ; 
and that Lord Moira had received 
this commission without any restric- 
tion or limitation whatever being laid 
by the prince, on their considering 
any points which they judged useful 
for his service ; they expressed their 
satisfaction with the fairness of this 
proposal, and their readiness to enter 
into such discussions as must precede 
the details of any new arrangement. 
Asa preliminary question, which ap- 
peared to them of great importance, 
they thought it necessary immediate- 
ly to bring forward to prevent the 
inconvenience and embarrassment of 
the further delay which might be 
produced, if this negociation should 
break off in a more advanced state, 
they asked " Whether this full liber- 
ty extended to the consideration of 
new appointments to those great of- 
fices of the household, which have 
been usually included in the political 
arrangements made on a change of 
administration ; intimating their opi- 
nion, that it would be necessary to 
act on the same principle on the pre- 
sent occasion.'' 

Lord Moira answered, " That the 
prince had laid no restriction upos 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



257 



him in that respect, and had never 
pointed in the most distant manner at 
the protection of those officers from 
removal ; that it would be impossible 
for him (Lord Moira) however, to 
concur in making the exercise of this 
power positive and indispensable, in 
the formation of the administration, 
because he should deem it on public 
grounds peculiarly objectionable." 

To this Lord Grey and Lord 
Grenville replied, they also acted on 
public grounds alone, and with no 
other feeling whatever than that which 
arose from the necessity of giving to 
a new government that character of 
efficiency and stability, and those 
marks of the constitutional support 
of the crown, which were required to 
enable it to act usefully for the pub- 
lic service ; and that on these grounds 
it appeared to them indispensable, that 
the connection of the great offices of 
the court with the political admini- 
stration, should be clearly establish- 
ed in its first arrangements. 

A decided difference of opinion as 
to this point having been thus ex- 
pressed on both sides, the conversa- 
tion ended here, with mutual decla- 
rations of regret. 

Nothing was said on the subject of 
official arrangements, nor any persons 
proposed on either side to fill any par- 
tictuar situations. 

B. and C. Two Letters (which pass- 
ed between Lords Moira and Grey ) 
subjoined for the purpose of throw- 
ing light on the ground of part of 
these Transactions. 

(Copy) B. 

May Slsty 1812. 
My dear Lord, — A just anxiety not 
to leave any thing subject to misun- 
derstanding, must excuse me if I am 

VOL. V. PART II. 



troublesome to you. Since I quitted 
you, the necessity of being precise in 
terms has occurred to me : and, al- 
though I think I cannot have mista- 
ken you, I wish to know if I am ac- 
curate in what I apprehend you to 
have said. I understood the position, 
stated by you as having been what 
you advanced in the House of Lords, 
to be this, " That pledges had been 
given to the catholics, a departure 
from which rendered their present 
disappointment more galling ; and 
that you said this in the hearing of 
persons who could contradict you if 
you were inaccurate." Just say whe* 
ther I have taken your expression 
correctly or not. Believe me, &c. 
&c. Moira. 

C. 

Holland House, May Slrf, 1812. 

My dear Lord, — I cannot sufficient- 
ly thank you for your kind anxiety to 
procure an accurate statement of the 
words spoken by me in the House of 
Lords. It is difficult to remember 
precise expressions so long after they 
were spoken ; but I am sure I cannot 
be far wrong in stating the substance 
of what I said, as follows : 

I was speaking on the subject of 
the Irish catholics, and particularly 
on the charge of intemperate conduct 
which had been made against them. 
I slated, that great allowances were 
to be made for this, considering their 
repeated disappointments ; and I ci- 
ted, as instances of these, the recal 
of Lord FitzwilUam, and the Union. 
I then said, that the most distitict 
and authentic pledges had been given 
to them, of the prince's wish to re- 
lieve them from the disabilities of 
which they complained ; that I spoke 
in the hearing of persons who would 
contradict me if what I said was un- 



258 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



founded, and who would, I was sure, 
support its truth if questioned ; that 
now, when the fulfilment of these 
pledges was confidently expected, to 
see an administration continued in 
power, which stood on the express 
principle of resisting their claims, 
was, perhaps, the bitterest disap- 
pointment they had yet experienced ; 
and that it was not surprising, if, un- 
der such circumstances, they felt and 
acted in a way that all well-wishers 
to the peace of the empire must re- 
gret. 

This I give as the substance, and 
by no means as a correct repetition, 
of the particular expressions used by 
me ; and this statement I can neither 
retract, nor endeavour to explain a- 
way. If, in consequence of it, the 
prince feels a strong personal objec- 
tion to me, I can only repeat what I 
have already said to you, that J am 
perfectly ready to stand out of the 
way ; that my friends shall have my 
full concurrence and approbation in 
taking office without me, and my 
most cordial support in the govern- 
ment of the country, if their measures 
are directed, as I am sure they must 
always be, by the principles on which 
we have acted together. 

I write this from Lord Holland's 
in a great hurry, and in the middle 
of dinner ; but I was unwilling to 
defer, even for a minute, to answer 
an enquiry, which I feel to be prompt- 
ed by so friendly a solicitude for me. 
I have not the means of taking a co- 
py of this letter. I shall therefore 
be obliged to you to let me ha^e one ; 
and I am sure, if, upon recollection, 
I shall think it necessary to add any 
thing to what I have now said, you 
will allow me an opportunity of do- 
ing so. I am, with the sincerest re- 
gard, my dear lord, your's very faith- 
fully, Grey. 



Revocation of the Orders in 
Council. 

At the Court at Carlton-House, the 
23d of June, 1812 ; present, his 
Royal Highness the Prince Re- 
gent in Council. 

Whereas his Royal Highness the 
Prince Regent was pleased to de- 
clare, in the name, and on the behalf 
of his majesty, on the 21st day of 
April, 1812, « That if at any time 
hereafter the Berlin and Milan de- 
crees shall, by some authentic act of 
the French government, publicly pro- 
mulgated, be absolutely and uncon- 
ditionally repealed, then and from 
thenceforth the order in council of 
the 7th of January, 1807, and the 
order in council of the 26th of April, 
1809, shall, without any further or- 
der, be, and the same are hereby de- 
clared from thenceforth to be, wholly 
and absolutely revoked." 

And whereas the Charge des Af- 
faires of the United States of Ame- 
rica, resident at this court, did, on 
the 20th day of May last, transmit 
to Lord Viscount Castlereagh, one 
of his Majesty's principal Secretaries 
of State, a copy of a certain instru- 
ment, then for the first time commu- 
nicated to this court, purporting to 
be a decree passed by the government 
of France, on the 28th day of April, 
1811, by which the decrees of Berlin 
and Milan are declared to be defini- 
tively no longer in force, in regard 
to American vessels. 

And whereas his Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent, although he can- 
not consider the tenour of the said 
instrument as satisfying the conditions 
set forth in the said order of the 21st 
of April last, upon which the said or- 
ders were to cease and determine, is 
nevertheless disposed on his part to 
take such measures as may tend to 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



^9 



re-establish the intercourse between 
neutral and belligerent nations, upon 
its accustomed principles ; his royal 
highness the Prince Regent, in the 
name and on the behalf of his majes- 
ty, is therefore pleased, by and with 
the advice of his majesty's privy coun- 
cil, to order and declare, and it is 
hereby ordered and declared, that the 
order in council bearing date the 7th 
day of January, 1807, and the order 
in council bearing date the 26th day 
of April, 1809, be revoked, so far as 
may regard American vessels, and 
their cargoes, being American pro- 
perty, from the 1st day of August 
next. 

But whereas by certain acts of the 
government of the United States of 
America, all British armed vessels are 
excluded from the harbours and wa- 
ters of the said United States, the 
armed vessels of France being per- 
mitted to enter therein ; and the com- 
mercial intercourse between Great 
Britain and the said United States 
is interdicted, the commercial inter- 
course between France and the said 
United States having been restored ; 
his royal highness the Prince Regent 
is pleased hereby further to declare, 
in the name and on the behalf of his 
majesty, that if the government of 
the said United States shall not, as 
soon as may be, after this order shall 
have been duly notified by his majes- 
ty's minister in America to the said 
government, revoke, or cause to be 
revoked, the said acts, this present 
order shall in that case, after due no- 
tice signified by his majesty's minister 
in America to the said government, 
be thenceforth null and of no effect. 

It is further ordered and declared, 
that all American vessels, and their 
cargoes, being American property, 
that shall have been captured subse- 
quently to the 20th day of May last, 



for a breach of the aforesaid orders 
in council alone, and which shall not 
have been actually condemned before 
the date of this order ; and that all 
ships and cargoes as aforesaid, that 
shall henceforth be captured under 
the said orders, prior to the 1st day 
of August next, shall not be pro- 
ceeded against to condemnation tiU 
further orders, but shall, in the event 
of this order not becoming null and 
of no effect, in the case aforesaid, be 
forthwith liberated and restored, sub- 
ject to such reasonable expenses on 
the part of the captors, as shall have 
been justly-incurred. 

Provided, that nothing in this or- 
der contained, respecting the revoca- 
tion of the orders herein-mentioned, 
shall be taken to revive wholly or in 
part the orders in council of the 11th 
of November, 1807, or any other or- 
der not herein mentioned, or to de- 
prife parties of any legal remedy to 
which they may be entitled under the 
order in council of the 21st of April, 
1812. 

His royal highness the Prince Re- 
gent is hereby pleased further to de- 
clare, in the name and on the behalf 
of his majesty, that nothing in this 
present order contained, shall be un- 
derstood to preclude his royal high- 
ness the Prince Regent, if circum- 
stances shall so require, from resto- 
ring, after reasonable notice, the or- 
ders of the 7th of January, 1807, and 
26th of April, 1809, or any part 
thereof, to their full effect, or from 
taking such other measures of retali- 
ation against the enemy, as may ap- 
pear to his royal highness to be just 
and necessary. 

And the Right Honourable the 
Lords Commissioners of his Majes- 
ty's Treasury, his Majesty's Princi- 
pal Secretaries of State, the Lords 
Commissioners of the Admiralty, and 



260 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



the Judge of the High Court of Ad- 
miralty, and the Judges of the Courts 
of Vice-Admiralty, are to take the 
necessary measures herein, as to them 
may respectively appertain. 

James Buller. 



Treaty of Peace between Great Bri- 
tain and Russia. 

In the name of the Most Holy and 
Indivisible Trinity ! 

His majesty the Emperor of all 
the Russias, and his majesty the King 
of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, being equally 
animated with the desire of re-estab- 
lishing the ancient relations of amity 
and good understanding between the 
two kingdoms respectively, have no- 
minated to this effect, as their mini- 
sters plenipotentiary ; namely, his 
majesty the emperor of all the Rus- 
sias, the Sieur Peter Suchtelen, chief 
of the department of engineers, ge- 
neral and member of the council of 
state, &c. and the Sieur Paul Baron 
de Nicolay, gentleman of the bed- 
chamber, &c. and his royal highness 
the Prince Regent, in the name of 
his majesty, king of the united king- 
dom of England and Ireland, the 
Sieur Edward Thornton, Esq. ple- 
nipotentiary from his Britannic ma- 
jesty to the king of Sweden. 

The said plenipotentiaries, after ex- 
changing their respective full powers 
in good and due form, have agreed 
upon the following articles : 

I. There shall be between his ma- 
jesty the emperor of all the Russias, 
and his majesty the king of the uni- 
ted kingdoms of Great Britain and 
Ireland, their heirs and successois, 
and between their kingdoms and sub- 
jects respectively, a firm, true, and 
inviolable peace, and a sincere and 



perfect union and amity ; so that, 
from this moment, all subjects of dis- 
agreement that may have subsisted 
between them shall cease. 

II. The relations of amity and 
commerce between the two countries 
shall be re-established on each side, 
on the footing of the most favoured 
nations. 

III. If, in resentment of the pre- 
sent re-establishment of peace and 
good understanding between the two 
countries, any power whatsoever shall 
make war upon his imperial majesty 
or his Britannic majesty, the two con- 
tracting sovereigns agree to act in 
support of each other for the main- 
tenance and security of their respec- 
tive kingdoms. 

IV. The two high contracting 
parties reserve to themselves to es- 
tablish a proper understanding and 
adjustment, as soon as possible, with 
respect to all matters which may con- 
cern their eventual interests, political 
as well as commercial. 

V. The present treaty shall be ra- 
tified by the two contracting parties, 
and the ratification shall be exchanged 
in six weeks, or sooner, if possible : 

And for the due performance of 
the same, we sign, in virtue of our 
full powers, and have signed the pre- 
sent treaty of peace, and have thereto 
affixed our seals. 

Done at Orebro, the 6th (18) Ju- 
ly, 1812. 

Suchtelen (L. S.) 
Paul Baron de Nicolay. 
Edward Thornton (L. S.) 

After sufficiently examining the 
articles of the present treaty of peace, 
we have approved of the same, which 
we now confirm, and by these presents 
most solemnly ratify, in all its tenour ; 
promising on our imperial part, for 
us and for our successors, to observe 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



261 



and execute, inviolably, every thing 
that has been mentioned and repeated 
in the said treaty of peace. In wit- 
ness whereof we have signed with our 
own hand this imperial ratification, 
and have thereto affixed the seal of 
our empire. 

Done at Kamenroi Ostrow, the 
Ist of August, 1812, and the twelfth 
year of our reign. 

( Signed ) A lex ander. 

(Countersigned) 

Count Romanzow. 



Treaty of Peace between his Majesty 
the King of Sxvederiy and his Ma- 
jesty the King of the United King- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland. 

In the name of the Most Holy 
and Indivisible Trinity ! 

His majesty the king of Sweden, 
and his majesty the king of the uni- 
ted kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, being equally animated with 
the desire of re-establishing the an- 
cient relations of friendship and good 
intercourse between the two crowns, 
and their respective states, have ap- 
pointed to that effect, namely, his ma- 
jesty the king of Sweden, the Sieur 
Laurent, Baron D'Engerstrom, &c. 
and the Sieur Gustavus, Baron de 
Wetterstedt, &c. and the Priuce Re- 
gent, in the name and on the behalf 
of his majesty the king of the united 
kingdom of Great Britain and Ire- 
land, Edward Thornton, Esq. which 
plenipotentiaries, after exchanging 
their full powers, drawn up in full 
and due form, have agreed upon the 
following articles ; 

Art. 1. There shall be between 
their majesties the king of Sweden, 
and the king of the united kingdom 
•f Great Britain and Ireland, their 



heirs and successors, and between 
their subjects, kingdoms, and states 
respectively, a firm, true, and invio- 
lable peace, and a sincere and perfect 
union and friendship ; so that from 
this moment, every subject of misun- 
derstanding that may have subsisted 
between them shall be regarded as 
entirely ceased and destroyed. 

II. The relations of friendship and 
commerce between the two countries 
shall be re-established on the footing 
whereon they stood on the first day 
of January, 1791 ; and all treaties 
and conventions subsisting between 
the two states at that epoch shall be 
regarded as renewed and confirmed, 
and are, accordingly, by the present 
treaty, renewed and confirmed. 

HI. If, in resentment of the pre- 
sent pacification, and the re-establish- 
ment of the good intercourse between 
the two countries, any power what- 
soever make war upon Sweden, his 
majesty the king of the united king- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland 
engages to take measures, in concert 
with his majesty the king of Sweden, 
for the security and independence of 
his states. 

IV. The present treaty shall be 
ratified by the two contracting par- 
ties, and the ratifications exchanged 
within six weeks, or sooner, if pos- 
sible. 

In faith whereof, we, the under- 
signed, in virtue of our full powers, 
have signed the present treaty, and 
thereto affixed our seals. 

Done at Orebro, on the 18th of 
July, 1812. 

(Signed) 
Baron D'Engerstrom. 
Baron de Wetterstedt. 
Edward Thornton. 

{Here follow the ratifications, sign- 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



ed by the Prince Regent on the 4th 
of August, and by his Swedish ma- 
jesty on the 17th of August.] 

Prince Regent^s Speech on Proro- 
guing Parliament^ delivered hy 
Commission. 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, — In 
terminating the present session of 

?arHament, his royal highness the 
'rinie Regent has commanded us to 
express to you the deep concern and 
sorrow which he feels at the conti- 
nuance of his majesty's lamented in- 
disposition. 
■ ^ " His royal highness regrets the 
interruptions which have occurred in 
the progress of public business, du- 
ring this long and laborious session, 
in consequence of an event which his 
royal highness must ever deplore. 
The zeal and unwearied assiduity 
with which you have persevered in 
the discharge of the arduous duties 
imposed upon you by the situation 
of the country, and the state of pub- 
lic affairs, demands his royal high- 
ness's warmest acknowledgments. 

*' The assistance which you have 
enabled his royal highness to continue 
to the brave and loyal nations of the 
peninsula is calculated to produce the 
most beneficial effects. 

*' His royal highness most warmly 
participates in those sentiments of 
approbation, which you have bestow- 
ed on the consummate skill and in- 
trepidity displayed in the operations 
which led to the capture of the im- 
portant fortresses of Ciudad Rodrigo 
and Badajoz, during the present cam- 
paign ; and his royal highness confi- 
dently trusts, that the tried valour 
of the allied forces, under the dis- 
tinguished command of General the 
Earl of WeUington, combined with 



the unabated spirit and steady perse- 
verance of the Spanish and Portu- 
guese nations, will finally bring the 
contest in that quarter to an issiie, 
by which the independence of the 
peninsula will be effectually secured. 

*' The renewal of the war in the 
north of Europe furnishes an addi- 
tional proof of the little security 
which can be derived from any sub- 
mission to the usurpations and ty- 
ranny of the French government. — 
His royal highness is persuaded, that 
you will be sensible of the great im- 
portance of the struggle in which the 
emperor of Russia has been compel- 
led to engage, and that you will ap- 
prove of his royal highness affording 
to those powers who may be united 
in this contest, every degree of co- 
operation and assistance, consistent 
with his other engagements, and with 
the interests of his majesty's domi- 
nions. 

" His royal highness has command- 
ed us to assure you, that he views, 
with most sincere regret, the hostile 
measures which have been recently 
adopted by the government of the 
United States of America towards 
this country. His royal highness is 
nevertheless willing to hope, that the 
accustomed relations of peace and 
amity between the two countries may 
yet be restored : but if his expecta- 
tions in this respect should be disap- 
pointed, by the conduct of the go- 
vernment of the United States, or by 
their perseverance in any unwarrant- 
able pretensions, he will most fully 
rely on the support of every class of 
his majesty's subjects, in a contest in 
which the honour of his majesty's 
crown, and the best interests of his 
dominions, must be involved. 

" Gentlemen of the House of Com- 
mons, — We have it in command from 
his royal highness, to thank you for 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



265 



the liberal provision which you have 
made for the services of the present 
year. His royal highness deeply re- 
grets the burthens w^hich you have 
found it necessary to impose upon his 
majesty's people ; but he applauds 
the wisdom which has induced you 
so largely to provide for the exigen- 
cies of the public service, as afford- 
ing the best prospect of bringing the 
contest in which the country is en- 
gaged to a successful and honourable 
conclusion. 

** My Lords and Gentlemen, — 
His royal highness has observed, with 
the utmost concern, the spirit of in- 
subordination and outrage which has 
appeared in some parts of the coun- 
try, and which has been manifested 
by acts, not only destructive of the 
property and personal safety of many 
of his majesty's loyal subjects in those 
districts, but disgraceful to the Bri- 
tish character. His royal highness 

' feels it incumbent upon him, to ac- 
knowledge your diligence in the in- 
vestigation of the causes which have 
led to these outrages ; and he has 
commanded us to thank you for the 
wise and salutary measures which you 
have adopted on this occasion. It 
will be a principal object of his royal 
highness's attention, to make an ef- 
fectual and prudent use of the powers 
vested in him for the protection of 
his majesty's people, and he confi- 
dently trusts, that on your return in- 
to your respective counties, he may 

^ rely on your exertions for the pre- 
servation of the public peace, and for 
bringing the disturbers of it to jus- 
tice. His royal highness most ear- 
nestly recommends to you, the im- 
portance of inculcating, by every 
means in your power, a spirit of obe- 
dience to those laws, and of attach- 
ment to that constitution, which pro- 
vide equally for the welfare and hap- 



piness of all classes of his majesty's 
subjects, and on which have hitherto 
depended the glory and prosperity of 
this kingdom." 

Then a commission for proroguing 
the parliament was read. 

After which, the Lord Chancellor 
said, 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, — By 
virtue of the commission under the 
great seal, to us and other lords di- 
rected, and now read, we do, in obe- 
dience to the commands of his royal 
highness the Prince Regent, in the 
name and on behalf of his majesty, 
prorogue this parliament to Friday 
the 2d day of October next, to be 
then here holden ; and this parlia- 
ment is accordingly prorogued to Fri» 
day the 2d day of October next." 



Embargo and Detention of American 
Ships. 

At the Court at Carlton House, 
the 31st of July, 1812 ; present, his 
royal highness the Prince Regent in 
Council : — 

It is this day ordered, by his royal 
highness the Prince Regent, in the 
name and on the behalf of his majes- 
ty, and by and with the advice of his 
majesty's privy council, that no ships 
or vessels belonging to any of his ma- 
jesty's subjects be permitted to enter 
and clear out for any of the ports 
within the territories of the United 
States of America, until farther or- 
der ; and his royal highness is further 
pleased, in the name and on the be- 
half of his majesty, and by and with 
the advice aforesaid, to order, that 
a general embargo or stop be made 
of all ships and vessels whatsoever, 
belonging to the citizens of the Uni- 
ted States of America, now within, 
or which shall hereafter come into 



26* 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



any of the ports, harbours, or roads, 
within any part of his majesty's do- 
minions, together with all persons 
and effects on board all such ships 
and vessels ; and that the command- 
ers of his majesty's ships of war, and 
privateers, do detain and bring into 
port all ships and vessels belonging 
to the citizens of the United States 
of America, or bearing the flag of 
the said United States, except such 
as may be furnished with British li- 
cences, which vessels are allowed to 
proceed according to the tenour of 
the said licences ; but that the ut- 
most care be taken for the preserva- 
tion of all and every part of the car- 
goes on board any of the said ships 
or vessels, so that no damage or em- 
bezzlement whatever be sustained ; 
and the commanders of his majesty's 
ships of war and privateers are here- 
by instructed to detain and bring in- 
to port every such ship and vessel ac- 
cordingly, except such as are above 
excepted : and the right honourable 
the Lords Commissioners of his ma- 
jesty's Treasury, the Lords Commis- 
sioners of the Admiralty, and Lord 
Warden of the Cinque Ports, are to 
give the necessary directions herein 
as to them may respectively apper« 
tain. Chetwynd. 



Report of the Secret Committee of 
the House of Lords on the Disturb- 
, ed State of certain Counties, 

Your committee, in pursuing the 
enquiry referred to their considera- 
tion, have endeavoured to ascertain 
the origin of the disturbances which 
have arisen in the different parts of 
the country, with respect to which 
they have obtained information, the 
manner in which those disturbances 
have been carried on, the objects tp 



which they have been apparently di- 
rected, the means used to suppress 
them, the effects of those means, and 
the state of those parts of the coun- 
try within which the disturbance* 
have prevailed. 

The disposition to combined and 
disciplined riot and disturbance, which 
has attracted the attention of parlia- 
ment, and excited apprehension of 
the most dangerous consequences, 
seems to have been first manifested 
in the neighbourhood of the town of 
Nottingham, in November last, by 
the destruction of a great number of 
newly-invented stocking- frames, by 
small parties of men, principally stock- 
ing-weavers, who assembled in vari- 
ous places round Nottingham. 

By degrees the rioters became more 
numerous and more formidable, many 
were armed and divided into different 
parties, disturbed the whole country 
between Nottingham and Mansfield, 
destroying frames almost without re- 
sistance. This spirit of discontent 
(amongst other causes to which it 
has been attributed) was supposed 
to have been excited or called inta 
action by the use of a new machine, 
which enabled the manufacturers to 
employ women in work in which men 
had been before employed, and by the 
refusal of the manufacturers to pay 
the wages at the rate which the wea- 
vers demanded ; and their discontent 
was probably heightened by the in- 
creased price of provisions, particu- 
larly of corn. The men engaged in 
these disturbances were at first prin- 
cipally those thrown out of employ 
by the use of the new machinery, or 
by their refusal to work at the rates 
offered by the manufacturers, and 
they particularly sought the destruc- 
tion of frames owned or worked by 
those who were willing to work at 
the lower rates. In consequence of 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



265 



tlie resistance opposed to the outrages 
of the rioters, in the course of which 
one of them was killed, they became 
still more exasperated and more vio- 
lent, till the magistrates thought it 
necessary to require the assistance of 
a considerable armed force, which was 
promptly assembled, consistingat first 
principally of local militia and volun- 
teer yeomanry, to whom were added 
above 400 special constables ; the riot- 
ers were then dispersed, and it was 
hoped that the disturbances had been 
by these means suppressed. 

Before the end of the month of 
November, however, the outrages 
were renewed, they became more se- 
rious, were more systematically con- 
ducted ; and at length the rioters 
began in several villages, where they 
destroyed the frames, to levy, at the 
same time, contributions for their sub" 
sistence, which rapidly increased their 
numbers, and early in December the 
outrages were in some degree extend- 
ed into Derbyshire and Leicestershire, 
where many frames were broken. 

In the mean time, a considerable 
force both of infantry and cavalry 
had been sent to Nottingham, and 
the commanding officer of the dis- 
trict was ordered to repair thither ; 
and in January, two of the most ex- 
perienced police magistrates were dis- 
patched to Nottingham, for the pur- 
pose of assisting the local authorities 
in their endeavours to restore tran- 
quillity in the disturbed districts. 

The systematic combination, how- 
ever, with which the outrages were 
conducted, the terror which they in- 
spired, and the disposition of many 
of the lower orders to favour rather 
than oppose them, made it very diffi- 
cult to discover the offenders, to ap- 
prehend them, if discovered, or to 
obtain evidence to convict those who 
were apprehended, of the crimes with 



which they were charged. Some, 
however, were afterwards proceeded 
against at the spring assizes at Not- 
tingham, and seven persons were con- 
victed of different offences, and sen- 
tenced to transportation. 

In the mean time acts were passed 
for establishing a pohce in the dis- 
turbed districts, upon the ancient sys- 
tem of watch and ward, and for ap- 
plying to the destruction of stocking 
frames the punishment before applied 
by law to the destruction of other 
machinery. 

The discontent which had thiis 
first appeared about Nottingham, and 
had in some degree extended into 
Derbyshire and Lieicestershire, had 
before this period been communica- 
ted to other parts of the country. 
Subscriptions for the persons takea 
into custody in Nottinghamshire were 
soHcited in the month of February 
at Stockport, in Cheshire, where ano- 
nymous letters were at the same time 
circulated, threatening to destroy the 
machinery used in the manufactures 
of that place, and in that and the fol- 
lowing months attempts were made 
to set on fire two different manufac- 
tories. The spirit of disorder then 
rapidly spread through the neigh- 
bourhood, inflammatory placards, in- 
viting the people to a general rising, 
were dispersed, illegal oaths were ad- 
ministered, riots "were produced in 
various places, houses were plunder- 
ed by persons in disguise, and a re- 
port was industriously circulated, that 
a general rising would take place on 
the 1st of May, or early in that 
month. 

The spirit of riot and disturbance 
was extended to many other places, 
and particularly to Ashton-under- 
Line, Eccles, and Middleton ; at the 
latter place the manufactory of Mr 
Burton was attacked on the 20th of 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



April, and although the rioters were 
then repulsed, and five of their num- 
ber were killed by the military force 
assembled to protect the works, a se- 
cond attack was made on the 22d of 
April, and Mr Burton's dwelling 
house was burnt before military assist- 
ance could be brought to his support ; 
when troops arrived to protect the 
works, they were fired upon by the 
rioters, and before the rioters could 
be dispersed, several of them were 
killed and wounded ; according to the 
accounts received, at least three were 
killed and about twenty wounded. 

On the 14th of April riots again 
prevailed at Stockport ; the house of 
Mr Goodwin was set on fire, and his 
steam-looms were destroyed. In the 
following night, a meeting of rioters, 
on a heath about two miles irom the 
town, for the purpose, as supposed, 
of being trained for military exercise, 
was surprised and dispersed ; contri- 
butions were also levied in the neigh- 
bourhood, at the houses of gentlemen 
and farmers. 

About the same time, riots also 
took place at Manchester, and in the 
neighbourhood ; of which the gene- 
ral pretence was the high price of 
provisions. On the 26th and 27th of 
April, the people of Manchester were 
alarmed by the appearance of some 
thousands of strangers in their town, 
the greater part of whom however 
disappeared on the 28th ; part of the 
local militia had been then called out, 
and a large military force had arrived, 
which it was supposed had over-awed 
those who were disposed to disturb- 
ance. An apprehension, however, 
prevailed, of a more general rising in 
May, and in the neighbourhood of 
the town many houses were plundered. 
Nocturnal meetings for the purpose 
of military exercise were frequent ; 
arms were seized in various places by 



the disaffected ; the house of a farm- 
er near Manchester was plundered, 
and a labourer coming to his assist- 
ance was shot. 

The manner in which the disaffect- 
ed have carried on their proceedings, 
is represented as demonstrating an 
extraordinary degree of concert, se- 
crecy, and organization. Their sig- 
nals were well contrived and well es- 
tablished, and any attempt to detect 
and lay hold of the offenders was ge- 
nerally defeated. 

The same spirit of riot and disturb- 
anceappearedatBolton-in-the-Moors. 
So early as the 6th of April, intelli- 
gence was given, that at a meeting of 
delegates from several places it had 
been resolved, that the manufactory 
at West Houghton, in that neigh- 
bourhood, should be destroyed, but 
that at a subsequent meeting it had 
been determined, that the destruction 
of this manufactory should be post- 
poned. On the 24'th of April, how- 
ever, the destruction of this manu- 
factory was accomplished. Intelli- 
gence having been obtained of the 
intended attack, a military force was 
sent for its protection, and the assail- 
ants dispersed before the arrival of 
the military, who then returned to 
their quarters ; the rioters taking ad- 
vantage of their absence, assailed and 
forced the manufactory, set it on fire, 
and again dispersed before the milita- 
ry could be brought again to the 
spot. 

Symptoms of the same spirit ap- 
peared at Newcastle-under-Lyne, Wi- 
gan, Warrington, and other towns ; 
and the contagion in the mean time 
had spread to Carlisle and into York- 
shire. 

In Huddersfield, in fhe west riding 
of Yorkshire, and in the neighbour- 
hood, the destruction of dressing and 
shearing machines and shears began 



APPENDIX—STATE PAPERS. 



267 



early in February ; fire-arms were 
seized during the course of March, 
and a constable was shot at in his own 
house. In March a great number of 
machines belonging to Mr Vicarman 
were destroyed ; and in April the de- 
struction of Bradley mills, near Hud- 
dsrsfield, was threatened, and after- 
wards attempted, but the mills were 
protected by a guard, which defeated 
the attempt. About the same time, 
the machinery of Mr Rhodes's mill at 
Tentwhistle, near to Stockport, was 
utterly destroyed, and Mr Horsfall, 
a respectable merchant and mill-own- 
er, in the neighbourhood of Hud- 
dersfield, was shot about six o'clock 
in the afternoon, in broad day-light, 
on the 28th of April, returning from 
market, and died on the 30th of the 
same month. 

A reward of 20001. was offered 
for the discovery of the murderers, 
but no discovery has yet been made, 
though it appears that he was shot by 
four persons, eacli of whom lodged 
a ball in his body ; that when he fell, 
the populace surrounded and reviled 
him, instead of offering assistance, 
and no attempt was made to secure 
the assassins, who were seen to retire 
to an adjoining wood. Some time 
after a young woman was attacked in 
the streets of Leeds, and nearly mur- 
dered, her skull being fractured ; and 
the supposed reason for this violence 
was an apprehension that she had 
been near the spot when Mr Horsfall 
was murdered, and might therefore 
be able to give evidence which might 
lead to the detection of the murder- 
ers. 

The town of Leeds had for some 
time before been much alarmed by 
information that attacks were intend- 
ed to be made on places in t}ie town 
and its neighbourhood, whichinduced 
the magistrates to desire a strong mili- 



tary force, and to appoint a great 
number of respectable inhabitants of 
the town special constables, by which 
means the peace of the town was in a 
great degree preserved. 

Earty, however, in the morning of 
the 24th of March, the mills of Messrs 
Thompsons, at Rawdon, a large vil- 
lage about eight miles from Leeds, 
was attacked by a large body of arm- 
ed men, who proceeded with great re- 
gularity and caution, first seizing the 
watchman at the mill, and placing 
guards at every neighbouring cottage, 
threatening death to any who should 
attempt to give alarm, and then for- 
cibly entering the mill, they complete 
ly destroyed the machinery. In the 
following night, notwithstanding the 
precautions adopted, the buildings 
belonging to Messrs Dickinsons, in 
Leeds, were forcibly entered, and the 
whole of the goods there, consisting 
principally of cloths, were cut to 
pieces. Many other persons in Leeds 
were threatened with similar treat- 
ment, and the proceedings at this 
place are represented to have had for 
their object the destruction of all de- 
scriptions of goods prepared otherwise 
than by manual labour. 

At Leversedge, near Hockmond- 
wicke, which is in the neighbourhood 
of the Moors dividing Lancashire 
and Yorkshire, an attack was made 
early in the morning of the 12th of 
April, by a body of armed men, re- 
presented to have been between two 
and three hundred in number, on a 
valuable mill belonging to Mr Cart- 
wright. The mill was defended with 
great courage by Mr Cartwright, the 
proprietor, with theassistance of three 
of his men and five soldiers, and the 
assailants were at length compelled to 
retire, being unable to force an en- 
trance into the mill, and their ammu- 
nition probably failing. Two of the 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



assailants were left on the spot despe- 
rately wounded, and were secured, 
but died of their wounds. Many- 
others are supposed to have been also 
wounded, and information was after- 
wards obtained of the death of one of 
them. When the assailants retired, 
they declared a determination to take 
Mr Cartwright's life by any means. 
One of the wounded men who was 
left on the spot was only nineteen 
years of age, and son of a man in a 
respectable situation in the neigh- 
bourhood ; but neither this man nor 
the other prisoner would make any 
confession respecting their confede- 
rates in this outrage. The neigh- 
bouring inhabitants, who assembled 
about the mill, after the rioters had 
retired, only expressed their regret 
that the attempt had failed. A vast 
concourse of people attended the fu- 
neral of the young man before de- 
scribed, who died of his wounds; 
and there was found written on walls 
in many places, *' Vengeance for the 
blood of the innocent." 

The threats against Mr Cart- 
wright's life were attempted to be put 
into execution on the 18th of April, 
when he was twice shot at in the 
road from Huddersfield to Rawfold. 
About the same time a shot was fired 
at a special constable on duty at 
Leeds, and a ball was fired at night 
into the house of Mr Armitage, a 
magistrate in the neighbourhood, and 
lodged in the ceiling of his bed- room. 
Colonel Campbell also, who com- 
manded the troops at Leeds, was 
shot at in the night of May 8, upon 
returning to his own house, by two 
men, who discharged their pieces at 
him within the distance of twenty 
yards, and immediately after a third 
shot was fired, directed towards the 
room usually occupied by Colonel 
Campbell and his family. 



At Horbury, near Wakefield, va- 
luable mills were attacked on the 9th 
of April by an armed body, supposed 
to consist of 300 men. The machi- 
nery and considerable property were 
destroyed. The men who committed 
the outrage were seen on the road 
between Wakefield and Horbury, 
marching in regular sections, prece- 
ded by a mounted party with drawn 
swords, and followed by the same 
number of mounted men as a rear- 
guard. They were supposed to have 
assembled from Huddersfield, Dues- 
bury, Hickmondwicke, Guildersome, 
Morley, Wakefield, and other pla- 
ces. 

In many parts of this district of 
country, the well-disposed were so 
much under the influence of terror, 
that the magistrates were unable to 
give protection by putting the watch 
and ward act in execution, and the 
lower orders are represented as gene- 
rally either abettors of, or participa- 
tors in, the outrages committed, or so 
intimidated, that they dared not to 
interfere. 

At Sheffield, the storehouse of 
arms of the local militia was surpri- 
sed in the month of May, a large pro- 
portion of the arms were broken by 
the mob, and many taken away. This 
disturbance, however, seems to have 
been followed by no further conse- 
quences, and the remainder of the 
arms were secured. 

But during the months of May 
and June, depredations of different 
kinds, and particularly the seizure of 
arms, continued to be nightly com- 
mitted in other parts of Yorkshire, 
and it is represented, that in the neigh- 
bourhood of Huddersfield and Birs- 
tall the arms of all the peaceable in- 
habitants had been swept away by 
bands of armed robbers. In conse- 
quence of these outrages, the vice- 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



269 



lieutenant of the West Riding, the 
deputy-lieutenant and niagistrates, 
assembled at Wakefield on the 1 1 th 
of June, and canne to a resolution, 
** That the most alarming consequen- 
ces were to be apprehended from the 
nightly depredations which were 
committed by bodies of armed men." 
At the same time this remarkable 
circumstance was stated, that amongst 
one hundred depositions taken by the 
magistrates of the facts of robberies 
committed, there was only one as to 
the perpetrator of the crime. 

During the latter part of this pe- 
riod, it is represented that nightly 
robberies of arms, lead, and ammuni- 
tion, were prevalent in the districts 
bounded by the rivers Air and Calder, 
and that the patroles which went 
along both banks cf the Calder, 
found the people in the ill-affected 
villages up at midnight, and heard 
the firing of small arms at short dis- 
tances from them, through the whole 
night, to a very great extent, which 
they imagined proceeded from parties 
at drill. In the corner of Cheshire, 
touching upon Yorkshire and Lan- 
cashire, in the neighbourhood, and 
to the eastward of Ashton, Stock- 
port, and Moultram, nocturnal meet- 
ings were more frequent than ever, 
and the seizure of arms carried on 
with great perseverance. Peculiar 
difficulties are stated to exist in this 
quarter from the want of magistrates. 

Your committee have not thought 
it necessary to detail, or even to state, 
all the outrages which have been com- 
mitted in different parts of the coun- 
try, but have selected from the great 
mass of materials before them, such 
facts only as appeared to them suffi- 
cient to mark the extent and nature 
of those disturbances. 

The causes alleged for these de- 
structive proceedings have been gene- 



rally the want of emp»oyment for the 
working manufacturers, a want, how- 
ever, which has been the least felt in 
some of the places where the disorder* 
have been most prevalent ; the appli- 
cation of machinery to supply the 
place of labour ; and the high price 
of provisions ; but it is the opinion of 
persons, both in civil and military sta- 
tions, well acquainted with the state 
of the country, an opinion grounded 
upon various imformation from differ- 
ent quarters now before your com- 
mittee, but which, for obvious rea- 
sons, they do not think proper to de- 
tail, that the views of some of the 
persons engaged in these proceedings 
have extended to revolutionary mea- 
sures of the most dangerous descrip- 
tion. 

Their proceedings manifest a de- 
gree of caution and organization 
which appears to flow from the di- 
rection of some persons under whose 
influence they act ; but it is the opi- 
nion of a person, whose situation 
gives him great opportunities of in- 
formation, that their leaders, although 
they may possess considerable influ- 
ence, are still of the lowest orders ; 
men of desperate fortunes, who have 
taken advantage of the pressure of 
the moment, to work upon the infe- 
rior class, through the medium of the 
associations in the manufacturing 
parts of the country. 

The general persuasion of the per- 
sons engaged in those transactions ap- 
pears, however, to be, that all the so- 
cieties in the country are directed in 
their motions by a secret committee, 
and that this secret committee is 
therefore the great mover of the 
whole machine ; and it is established 
by the various information to which 
the committee has before alluded, 
that societies are formed in different 
parts of the country ; that these so- 



270 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



cieties are governed by their respec- 
tive secret committees ; that delegates 
are continually dispatched from one 
place to another, for the purpose of 
concerting their plans ; and that se- 
cret signs are arranged, by which the 
persons engaged in these conspiracies 
are known to each other. The form 
of the oath or engagement administer- 
ed to those who are enlisted in these 
societies, also refers expressly to the 
existence of such secret committees. 

The object of this oath is to pre- 
vent discovery, by deterring through 
the fear of assassination those who 
take it from impeaching others, and 
by binding them to assassinate those 
by whom any of the persons engaged 
may be impeached. These oaths ap- 
pear to have been administered to a 
considerable extent ; copies of them 
have been obtained from various quar- 
ters, and though slightly differing in 
terms, they are so nearly the same, as 
to prove the systematic nature of the 
concert by which they are adminis- 
tered. 

The oath itself is of so atrocious a 
nature, that your committee have 
thought it right to insert the form, 
as it appears in one of those copies :- 

" I, A. B. of my own voluntary 
will, do declare, and solemnly swear, 
that I never will reveal to any per- 
son or persons under the canopy of 
heaven, the names of the persons who 
compose this secret committee, their 
proceedings, meeting, placesof abode, 
dress, features, connections, or jany 
thing else that might lead to a disco- 
very of the same, either by word or 
deed, or sign, under the penalty of 
being sent out of the world by the 
first brother who shall meet me, and 
my name and character blotted out of 
existence, and never to be remember- 
ed but with contempt and abhor- 
rence i and I further now do swear, 



that I will use my best endeavours to 
punish by death any traitor or trai- 
tors, should any rise up amongst us, 
wherever I can find him or them, and 
though he should fly to the verge of 
nature, I will pursue him with in- 
creasing vengeance. So help me God, 
and bless me to keep this my oath in- 
violable.'* 

The military organization carried 
on by persons engaged in these socie- 
ties, has also proceeded to an alarm- 
ing length ; they assemble in large 
numbers, in general by night, upon 
heaths or commons, which are nume- 
rous and extensive in some of the dis- 
tricts where the disturbances have 
been most serious ; so assembled, 
they take the usual military precau- 
tions of patroles and countersigns ; 
then muster rolls are called over by 
numbers, not by names ; they are di- 
rected by leaders sometimes in dis- 
guise ; they place sentries to give 
alarm at the approach of any persons 
whom they may suspect of meaning 
to interrupt or give information of 
their proceedings ; and they disperse 
instantly at the firing of a gun, or 
other signal agreed upon, and so dis- 
perse as to avoid detection. They 
have in some instances used signals by 
rockets or blue lights, by which they 
communicate intelligence to their par- 
ties. 

They have procured a considerable 
quantity of arms, by the depredations 
which are daily and nightly continu- 
ed ; they have plundered many places 
of lead for the purpose of making 
musket-balls, and have made some 
seizures of gunpowder. 

Their progress in discipline appears 
from the representation before given 
of the two attacks upon the mills of 
Rawdon and Henbury j and the mo- 
ney, which has been in many instan- 
ces obtained by contribution or plun- 



APPENDIX.-~STATE PAPERS. 



271 



der, answers the purpose of support, 
and may serve as an inducement to 
many persons to engage in these dis- 
turbances. 

The system of intimidation, produ- 
ced not only by the oaths and en- 
gagements before mentioned, or by 
threats of violence, but by the attack 
and destruction of houses and facto- 
ries, by actual assassinations in some 
instances, and attempts at assassina- 
tion in others, under circumstances 
which have hitherto generally baffled 
all endeavours to discover and bring 
to justice the offenders, all tend to 
render these proceedings greatly 
alarming to the country. In many 
parts the quiet inhabitants consider 
themselves as enjoying protection on- 
ly as far as the military force can ex- 
tend its exertions, and look upon the 
rest of the country, where the disturb- 
ances took place, as at the mercy of 
the rioters. 

The legal proceedings at Notting- 
ham checked the disposition to dis- 
turbance in that quarter, but this ef- 
fect did not extend to other parts of 
the country ; and though the pro- 
ceedings under the special commis- 
sions since issued, and the convictions 
and executions at Lancaster and 
Chester, appear to make a considera- 
ble impression, they have been far 
from restoring peace and security to 
the disturbed districts. 

A great military force has been as- 
sembled ; the local militia has been 
in many places called out, and has 
done good service ; the yeomanry 
corps have been active and highly 
useful. Many of the magistrates 
have zealously exerted their powers, 
some of them at great personal ha- 
zard. In many places great num- 
bers of special constables have been 
appointed from amongst the more re- 
spectable inhabitants, and the Watch 



and Ward Act has been in some 
places put in force, though attempt- 
ed without effect in others, or aban- 
doned from circumstances already 
stated. All these efforts have proved 
insufficient effectually to put down 
the spirit of disturbance ; and it is 
therefore the decided opinion of your 
committee, that some further mea- 
sures should be immediately adopted 
by parliament for affording more ef- 
fectual protection to the lives and 9 
properties of his majesty's subjects, 
and for suppressing a system of tur- 
bulence and disorder which has al- 
ready proved destructive of the tran- 
quillity, and highly injurious to the 
property and welfare of some of the 
most populous and important districts 
of the country, and which unless ef- 
fectually checked, may lead to conse- 
quences still more extensive and dan- 
gerous. 



Prince Megenfs Speech on opening 
Parliament, Nov. '60th. 

This day the business of the session 
commenced with the usual formalities. 
Soon after two o'clock, his royal 
highness the prince regent arrived at 
the House, attended by the great offi- 
cers of state, &c. when, the members 
of the House of Commons being call- 
ed in, his royal highness was pleased 
to deliver the following speech from 
the throne : — 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
It is with the deepest concern that 
I am obliged to announce to you at 
the opening of this parliament, the 
continuance of his majesty's lamented 
indisposition, and the diminution of 
the hopes which I have most anxious- 
ly entertained of his recovery. 

The situation of public affairs has 
induced me to take the earliest op- 
2 



272 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



portunity of meeting you after the 
late elections. I am persuaded you 
will cordially participate in the satis- 
faction which I derive from the im- 
provement of our prospects during the 
course of the present year. 

The valour and intrepidity display- 
ed by his majesty's forces, and those 
of his allies in the peninsula on so 
many occasions during this campaign, 
and the consummate skill and judg- 
ment with which the operations have 
been conducted by General^the Mar- 
quis of WeUington, have led to con- 
sequences of the utmost importance 
to the common cause. 

By transferring the war into the 
interior of Spain, and by the glorious 
and ever-memorable victory obtained 
at Salamanca, he has compelled the 
enemy to raise the siege of Cadiz ; 
and the southern provinces of. that 
kingdom have been delivered from 
the power and arms of France. 

Although I cannot but regret that 
the efforts of the enemy, combined 
with a view to one great operation, 
have rendered it necessary to with- 
draw from the siege of Burgos, and 
to evacuate Madrid, for the purpose 
of concentrating the main body of the 
allied forces ; these efforts of the ene- 
my have, nevertheless, been attended 
with important sacrifices on their 
part, which must materially contri- 
bute to extend the resources, and fa- 
cilitate the exertions, of the Spanish 
nation. 

I am confident I may rely on your 
determination to continue to afford 
every aid in support of a contest, 
which has first given to the continent 
of Europe the example of persevering 
and successful resistance to the power 
of France, and on which not only the 
independence of the nations of the pe- 
ninsula, but the best interests of his 



majesty's dominions, essentially de- 
pend. 

I have great pleasure in communi- 
cating to you, that the relations of 
peace and friendship have been resto- 
red between his majesty and the courts 
of St Petersburgh and Stockholm. 

I have directed copies of the trea- 
ties to be laid before you. 

In a contest for his own sovereign 
rights, and for the independence of 
his dominions, the Emperor of Rus- 
sia has had to oppose a large propor- 
tion of the military power of the 
French government, assisted by its 
allies, and by the tributary states de- 
pendent upon it. 

The resistance which he has op- 
posed to so formidable a combination, 
cannot fail to excite sentiments of 
lasting admiration. 

By his own magnanimity and per- 
severance ; by the zeal and disinte- 
restedness of all ranks of his subjects; 
and by the gallantry, firmness, and 
intrepidity of his forces, the presump- 
tuous expectations of the enemy have 
been signally disappointed. 

The enthusiasm of the Russian na- 
tion has increased with the difficulties 
of the contest, and with the dangers 
with which they were surrounded. 
They have submitted to sacrifices of 
which there are few examples in the 
history of the world ; and I indulge 
the confident hope, that the determi- 
ned perseverance of his imperial ma- 
jesty will be crowned with ultimate 
success ; and that this contest, in its 
result, will have the effect of esta- 
blishing, upon a foundation never to 
be shaken, the security and indepen- 
dence of the Russian empire. 

The proof of confidence which I 
have received from his imperial majes- 
ty, in the measure which he has 
adopted of sending his fleets to the 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



2T3 



iiorts of this country, is in the high- 
est degree gratifying to rae ; and his 
imperial majesty may most fully rely 
on my fixed determination to afford 
him the most cordial support in the 
great contest in which he is engaged. 

I have the satisfaction further to 
acquaint you, that I have concluded 
a treaty with his Sicihan majesty, 
supplementary to the treaties of 1808 
and 1809. 

As soon as the ratifications shall 
have been exchanged, I will direct a 
copy of this treaty to be laid before 
you. 

My object has been to provide for 
the more extensive application of the 
military force of the Sicilian govern- 
ment to offensive operations ; a mea- 
sure which, combined with the libe- 
ral and enlightened principles which 
happily prevail in the councils of his 
Sicihan majtsty, is calculated, I trust, 
to augment his power and resources, 
and, at the same time, to render them 
essentially serviceable to the common 
cause. 

The declaration of war by the go- 
vernment of the United States of 
America was made under circumstan- 
ces, which might have afforded a rea- 
sonable expectation, that the amicable 
relations between the two nations 
would not be long interrupted. It is 
with sincere regret that 1 am obliged 
to acquaint you, that the conduct and 
pretensions of that government have 
hitherto prevented the conclusion of 
any pacific arrangement. 

Their measures of hostility have 
been principally directed against the 
a^oining British provinces, and every 
effort has been made to seduce the in- 
habitants of them from their allegi- 
ance to his majesty. 

The proofs, however, which I have 
received of loyalty and attachment 

VOL. V. PART ir. 



from his majesty's subjects in North 
America are Itighlv satisfactory. 

The attempts of the enemy to in- 
vade Upper Canada have not only 
proved abortive, but by the judicious 
arrangementsof the governor-general, 
and by the skill and decision with 
which the military operations have 
been conducted, the forces of the 
enemy assembled for that purpose in 
one quarter have been compelled to 
capitulate, and in another have been 
completely defeated. 

My best efforts are not wanting 
for the restoration of the relations of 
peace and amity between the two 
countries ; but until this object can 
be attained without sacrificing the 
maritime rights of Great Britain, I 
shall rely upon your cordial support 
in a vigorous prosecution of the war. 

Gentlemen of the House of Com- 
mons, 

I have directed the estimates for 
the services of the ensuing year to be 
laid before you, and I entertain oo 
doubt of your readiness to furnish 
such supplies as may enable me to 
provide for the great interests com- 
mitted to my charge, and afford the 
best prospect of bringing the contest 
in which his majesty is engaged to a 
successful termination. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

The approaching expiration of the 
charter of the East-India company 
renders it necessary that I should call 
your early attention to the propriety 
of providing effectually for the future 
government of the provinces of India. 

In considering the variety of inte- 
rests which are connected with this 
important subject, I rely on your wis- 
dom for making such an arrangement 
as may best promote the prosperity 
of the British possessions in that quar- 
ter, and at the same time secure the 
s 



274. 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



greatest advantages to the commerce 
and revenue of his majesty's domini- 
ons. 

I have derived great satisfaction 
from the success of the measures 
which have been adopted for suppress- 
ing the spirit of outrage and insubor- 
dination which had appeared in some 
parts of the country : and from the 
disposition which has been manifest- 
ed to take advantage of the indemni- 
ty held out to the deluded, by the 
wisdom and benevolence of parlia- 
ment. 

I trust I shall never have occasion 
to lament the recurrence of atrocities 
so repugnant to the British character ; 
and that all his majesty's subjects will 
be impressed with the conviction, 
that the happiness of individuals, and 
the welfare of the state, equally de- 
pend upon a strict obedience to the 
laws, and an attachment to our excel- 
lent constitution. 

In the loyalty of his majesty's peo- 
ple, and in the wisdom of parliament, 
I have reason to place the fullest con- 
fidence. The same firmness and per- 
severance which have been manifested 
on so many and such trying occasions, 
will not, I am persuaded, be wanting 
at a time when the eyes of all Europe, 
and of the world, are fixed upon you. 
I can assure you, that in the exercise 
of the great trust reposed in me, I 
have no sentiment so near my heart 
as the desire to promote, by every 
means in my power, the real prospe- 
rity and lasting happiness of his ma- 
jesty's subjects. 



Message from the Prince Regent t» 
both Houses of Parliament y Dec» 
17 y on a Grant to Russia. 

« G. P. R. 

" The prince regent, acting in the 
name and on the behalf of his majes- 
ty, having taken into his serious con- 
sideration the accounts which he has 
received of the severe distresses to 
which the inhabitants of a part of the 
empire of Russia have been exposed 
in their persons and property, in con- 
sequence of the unprovoked and atro- 
cious invasion of that country by the 
ruler of France, and the exemplary and 
extraordinary magnanimity and for- 
titude with which they have submit- 
ted to the greatest privations and suf- 
ferings in the defence of their coun- 
try, and the ardent loyalty and uncon- 
querable spirit they have displayed in 
its cause, whereby results have been 
produced of the utmost importance to 
the interests of this kingdom, and to 
the general cause of Europe, recom- 
mends to the House of Commons, 
to enable his royal highness, in aid of 
the contributions which have been 
commenced within the Russian em- 
pire for this purpose, to afford to the 
suffering subjects of his majesty's 
good and great ally, the Emperor of 
Russia, such speedy and effectual re- 
lief as may be suitable to this most 
interesting occasion." 



Al>PENDIX^PUBLIC ACTS. 



275 



PUBLIC GENERAL ACTS, 

Passed in the Sixth Session of the Fourth Parliament of the united Kingdom 
of Great Britain and Ireland, 52d George III. — u4.D. 1812. 



An act for continuing to his ma- 
jesty certain duties on malt, sugar, 
tobacco, and snufF, in Great Britain ; 
and on pensions, offices, and personal 
estates in England ; for the service 
of the year 1812. 

An act to permit sugar, the pro- 
duce of Martinique, and other con- 
quered islands in the West Indies, 
to be taken out of warehouse on the 
payment of the like rate of duty for 
waste as British plantation sugar. 

An act to revive and to continue 
until the 31 st day of December 1812, 
so much of an act made in the 49th 
year of his present majesty, to prohi- 
bit the distillation of spirits from corn 
or grain, in the united kingdom, as 
relates to Great Britain ; and to re- 
vive and continue another act made 
in the 49th year aforesaid, to suspend 
the importation of British or Irish- 
made spirits into Great Britain or 
Ireland respectively ; and for grant- 
ing certain duties on worts or wash 
made from sugar during the prohibi- 
tion of distillation from corn or grain 
in Great Britain. 

An act for raising the sum of 
10,500,0001. by exchequer bills, for 
the service of Great Britain for the 
year 1812. 

An act for raising the sum of 
1,500,0001. by exchequer bills, for 
the service of Great Britain for the 
year lBi2. 



An act for making provision for 
the better support of his majesty's 
household, during the continuance 
of his majesty's indisposition. 

An act for granting to his majesty 
a certain sum for defraying the ex- 
pences incident to the assumption of 
the personal exercise of the royal 
authority, by his royal highness the 
Prince Regent, in the name and on 
the behalf of his majesty. 

An act for the regulation of his 
majesty's household, and enabling 
her majesty the queen to meet the 
increased expense to which her ma- 
jesty may be exposed during his ma- 
jesty's indisposition : and for the care 
of his majesty's real and personal pro- 
perty ; and to amend an act of the 
last session of parliament, to provide 
for the administration of the royal au- 
thority during his majesty's illness. 

An act to repeal an act of tTie 25th 
year of his present majesty, for better 
securing the duties on coals, culm, 
and cinders ; and making other pro- 
visions in lieu thereof; and for re- 
quiring ships in the coal trade to be 
measured. 

An act to amend an act of the 
50th year of his present majesty, for 

f ranting a sum of money to be raised 
y exchequer bills, to be advanced 
and applied in the manner and upon 
the terms therein mentioned for the 
relief of the united compaj3y of mer- 



276 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



chants of England trading to the 
East Indies. 

An act to repeal an act passed in 
the 39th and 40th year of his present 
majesty, for establishing certain regu- 
lations in the offices of the House of 
Commons, and to estabhsh other and 
further regulations in the said offices. 

An act for extending the laws for 
preventing the embezzlement of his 
majesty's naval ordnance and victual- 
ling stores in Ireland. 

An act to alter and amsnd an act, 
passed in the 51 st year of the reign 
of his present majesty, for the relief 
of certain insolvent debtors in Eng- 
land. 

An act for granting annuities to 
discharge certain exchequer bills. 

An act for further continuing, un- 
til the 25th day of March 1813, cer- 
tain bounties and drawbacks on the 
exportation of sugar from Great Bri- 
tain ; and for suspending the counter- 
vailing duties and bounties on sugar, 
when the duties imposed by an act of 
the 'tOth year of his present majesty 
shall be suspended ; and for continu- 
ing so much of an act of the -iYth 
year of his present majesty, as allows 
a bounty on raw sugar exported un- 
til the 25th day of March J 813. 

An act for the more exemplary 
punishment of persons destroying or 
injuring any stocking or lace frames, 
or other machines or engines used in 
the frame-work knitting manufacto- 
ry, or any articles or goods in such 
frames or machines : to continue in 
force until the first day of March, 
1814. 

An act for the more effectual pre- 
servation of the peace, by enforcing 
the duties of watching and warding, 
until the 1st day of March, 1814<, in 
places where disturbances prevail or 
are apprehended. 
An act for making perpetual an 



act made in the 12th year of his pre* 
sent majesty, for encouraging the ma- 
nufacture of leather, by lowering the 
duty payable upon the importation 
of oak bark, when the price of sucb 
bark shall exceed a certain rate. 

An act to amend an act of the last 
session of parliament, for granting to 
his majesty a sum of money to bo 
raised by lotteries. 

An act to continue several laws 
relating to permitting the importa- 
tion of tobacco into Gr^at Britain 
from any place whatever, and to per- 
mitting goods and commodities to 
be imported into and exported from 
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, in 
any ship or vessel, until the 25th day 
of March, 1815 ; and to the amend- 
ing an act for consolidating and ex- 
tending the several laws in force for 
allowing the importation of certain 
goods and merchandize into and from 
certain ports in the West Indies, un- 
til the 25th day of March, 1814. 

An act to render valid and effec- 
tual certain oaths administered to 
and taken by certain members of the 
House of Commons before deputies 
of the late Lord Steward of his ma- 
jesty's household, during the vacancy 
of the said office. 

An act for punishing mutiny and 
desertion ; and for the better payment 
of the army and their quarters. 

An act for the regulating of his. 
majesty's royal marine forces, while- 
on shore. 

An act for raising the sum of 
6,789,6251. by way of annuities. 

An act to continue, until the 25tli 
day of March, 1813, an act for regu- 
lating the drawbacks and bounties on 
the expoitation of sugar from Ire- 
land. 

An act to indemnify such persons 
in the united kingdom as have omit- 
ted to qualify themselves for offices 



APPENDIX— PUBLIC ACTS. 



tin 



^nd employments, and for extending 
the times limited for those purposes 
respectively, until the 25th day of 
March, 1813; and to permit such 
persons in Great Britain as have omit- 
ted to make and file affidavits of the 
-exec-ution of indenti'.res of clerks to 
attornies and solicitors, to make and 
file the same on or before the 1st day 
of Hilary term, 1813. 

An act for enabling- the wives and 
families of soldiers embarked in Ire- 
land for foreign service to return to 
their homes. 

An act to amend an act of the last 
session of parliament, making provi- 
sion for the families of militiamen in 
Ireland. 

An act to amend the laws relating 
to the militia of Ireland, 

An act to provide for regulating 
tlie warehousing of spirits distilled 
from corn in Ireland, for exportation, 
without payment of the duty of ex- 
cise chargeable thereon; and to trans- 
fer the custody of spirits so warehou- 
sed, from the commissioners of cus- 
toms and port duties in Ireland, and 
their officers, to the commissioners of 
inland excise and taxes in Ireland, and 
their officers. 

An act to repeal an act made in the 
89th year of Queen Elizabeth, en- 
tituled an act against lewd and wan- 
dering persons pretending themselves 
to be soldiers or mariners. 

An act for the relief of infant suit- 
ors in courts of equity, entitled to 
stock or annuities in any of the pub- 
lic or other funds, transferable at the 
bank of England. 

An act to continue until the expi- 
ration of six months after the conclu- 
sion of the |i resent vfar, an act made 
in the 46 th year of his present majes- 
ty, for permitting the importation of 
masts, yards, bowsprits, and timber 
for naval purposes, from the British 
coloaiies ifl North America, duty free. 



An act for altering and amending 
an act made in the :>2d year of the 
reign of his late m?jesty King George 
the Second, far the relief of debtors, 
with respect to t.^c imprisonment of 
their persons, and of as act made in 
the 39th year of his present majesty,, 
for making perpetual an act made in 
the 33d year of his present majesty, 
for the further relitf of debtors ; and 
for other purposes in the said act ex- 
pressed. 

An act to prohibit all intercourse 
between the island of Jamaica and 
certain parts of the island of Saint 
Domingo. 

An act for granting additional du- 
ties on mahogany not imported from 
the Bay of Honduras, and for redu- 
cing the duties on certain species of 
wood imported from the said bay. 

An act for settling and securing a 
certain annuity on Earl WeUington 
and the two next persons to whom 
the title of Earl WeUington shall de- 
scend, in consideration of his eminent 
services. 

An act for amending the laws re- 
lating to the local militia in Eng- 
land. 

An act for the more effectual re- 
gulation of pilots, and of the pilotage 
of ships and vessels on the coast of 
England. 

An act to make provision for a li- 
mited time respecting certain grants 
of offices. 

An act to amend and cowtinue im- 
til the 25th day of March, 1813, an 
act of the 'l-Sth year of his present 
majesty, for appointing commission- 
ers to enquire into the public expen- 
diture, and the conduct of the public 
business in the military departments 
therein mentioned ; and another act, 
of the 51st year of his present majes- 
ty, for continuing and extending the 
same to public works executed by the 
offige of works and others. 



278 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



An act for amending the laws re- 
, lating to the allowance of the boun- 
ties on pilchards exported until the 
24.th day of June, 1819. 
' An act for increasing the rates of 
subsistence to be paid to innkeepers 
and others on quartering soldiers. 

An act for the erection of a peni- 
tentiary house for the confinement of 
oifenders convicted within the city of 
London and the county of Middle- 
sex ; and for making compensation 
to Jeremy Bentham, Esquire, for the 
non- performance of an agreement be- 
, tween the said Jeremy Bentham and 
the Lords Commissioners of his ma- 
jesty's Treasury, respecting the cus- 
tody and maintenance of convicts. 

An act to suspend the exportation 
from Ireland to parts beyond the seas 
of spirits made or distilled in Ireland 
from corn or grain, until the 31 st day 
of December, 1812. 

An act to grant to his majesty du- 
ties upon spirits made or distilled in 
Ireland, and to allow certain draw- 
backs on the exportation thereof; 
and to repeal certain bounties given 
to persons licensed to sell spirituous 
liquors, wine, beer, and ale, by retail, 
in Ireland. 

An act to revive and continue until 
the 31st day of December, 1812, so 
much of an act made in the 49th year 
of his present majesty to prohibit the 
distillation of spirits from corn or 
grain in the united kingdom as relates 
to Ireland. 

An act to provide for the regula- 
ting and securing the collection of the 
duties on spirits distilled in Ireland 
from corn, malted or unmalted, in 
stills of and under 100 gallons con- 
tent. 

An act to continue the period for 
purchasing the legal quays in the port 
of London, and to enable the Lords 
of the Treasury to purchase buildings 



in Thames-street, for the purpose of 
erecting a new custom-house. 

An act to continue until three 
months after the commencement of 
the next session of parliament, and 
amend an act of the last session of 
parliament, for making more effec- 
tual provision for preventing the cur- 
rent gold coin of the realm from be- 
ing paid or accepted for a greater 
value than the current value of such 
coin ; for preventing any note or bill 
of the governor and company of the 
bank of England from being recei- 
ved for any smaller sum than the sum 
therein specified ; and for staying pro- 
ceedings upon any distress by tender 
of such notes ; and to extend the same 
to Ireland. 

An act to provide for the more 
speedy examination, controuling, and 
finally auditing the military accounts 
of Ireland. 

An act to provide for the speedy 
and regular examination and audit of 
the public accounts of Ireland ; and 
to repeal certain former acts relating 
thereto. 

An act for extending the time in 
which coffee of the British planta- 
tions may be sold by auction without 
payment of the duty on auctions ; 
and for making an allowance of such 
duty on coffee sold, for which the 
said duty has not been paid. 

An act for continuing until the 1st 
day of August, 1813, several laws 
relating to the duties on glass made 
in Great Britain. 

An act to prevent foreign goods 
of certain descriptions being brought 
from the United States of America 
into Canada ; and to allow a greater 
quantity of worsted yarn to be ex- 
ported from Great Britain to Cana- 
da. 

An act to explain and amend an 
act passed in the 50th year of his 



APPENDIX— PUBLIC ACTS. 



279 



present majesty, for explaining and 
amending an act for continuing and 
making perpetual several duties of 1 s. 
6d. in the pound, on offices and em- 
ployments of profit, and on annuities, 
pensions, and stipends. 

An act to enable his majesty to 
settle on their royal highnesses the 
Princesses Augusta Sophia, Eliza- 
beth, Mary, and Sophia, an annuity 
of 36,0001. instead of the annuity 
settled on them by an act passed in 
the 18th year of his present majesty. 

An act to grant to his majesty cer- 
tain duties of excise on tobacco to be 
manufactured in Ireland ; and to al- 
low certain drawbacks in respect 
thereof, in lieu of former duties of ex- 
cise and drawbacks : and to provide 
for the regulating and securing the 
collection of the said duties. 

An act for allowing on the expor- 
tation of manufactured plate for the 
private use of persons residing or go- 
ing to reside abroad, the same draw- 
back as is now allowed on the expor- 
tation of such plate by way of mer- 
chandize. 

An act for altering the mode of 
payment of the superannuation allow- 
ances in the departmentof the customs 
in Scotland. 

An act to grant an excise duty on 
spirits made or distilled from sugar 
in Ireland, during the prohibition of 
distillation from corn or grain there, 
in lieu of the excise duty now charge- 
able thereon, and to allow a draw- 
back on the export thereof. 

An act to enable coadjutors to 
archbishops and bishops in Ireland to 
execute the powers of archbishops 
and bishops respectively. 

An act for more effectually pre- 
venting the embezzlement of securi- 
ties for money and other effects, left 
or deposited for safe custody, or other 



special purpose, in the hands of bank- 
ers, merchants, brokers, attornies, or 
other agents. 

An act for extending the provisions 
of an act of the 30th year of King 
George the Second, against persons 
obtaining money by false pretences, 
to persons so obtaining bonds and 
other securities. 

An act to allow the use of sugar 
in brewing beer in Great Britain. 

An act to explain and amend an 
act of the 50th year of his present 
majesty, to regulate the taking of 
securities in all offices in respect of 
which security ought to be given, 
and for avoiding the grant of all such 
offices in the event of such security 
not being given within a time to be 
limited after the grant of such offi- 
ces. 

An act for settling and securing 
certain annuities, on the widow ar.d 
eldest 5on of the late right honoura- 
ble Spencer Perceval, and for grant- 
ing a sura of money for the use of his 
other children. 

An act for amending the laiys 
relating to the local mihtia in Scot- 
land. 

An act to continue until the 5th 
day of July, 1813, several acts for 
granting certain rates and duties, 
and for allowing certain drawbacks 
and bounties on goods, wares, and 
merchandize, imported into and ex- 
ported from Ireland. 

An act for raising the sum of 
1,500,0001. by way of annuities, and 
treasury bills for the service of Ire- 
land. 

An act for the better cultivation 
of navy timber in the forest of Wool- 
mer, in the county of Southampton. 

An act for the better cultivation 
of navy timber in the forest of Alice 
Holt, in the county of Southamptouj 



1 



2S0 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



An act for repealing so much of 
an act of the 36th year cf his present 
majesty, for the better relief of the 
poor within England ; and enlarging 
the powers of the guardians of the 
poor, as limits the annual amount of 
the assessments. 

An act to continue until the 1st 
day of January, 1814, an act for ap- 
pointing commissioners to enquire and 
examine into the nature and extent of 
the several bogs in Ireland, and the 
practicability of draining and cultiva- 
ting them, and the best means of ef- 
fecting the same. 

An act to provide for the more 
complete and effectual liquidation of 
a debt due to his majesty from the 
Jate Abraham Goldgmid, merchant, 
and his surviving partners ; and to 
confirm and establish certain agree- 
ments entered into for that and other 
purposes relating thereto. 

An act to amend several acts rela- 
ting to the revenue of customs and 
port duties in Ireland. 

An act for granting an additional 
drawback on flint, phial and crown 
glass ; for charging an additional 
countervailing duty on flint and crown 
glass imported froin Ireland; and for 
the better prevention of frauds in the 
exportation of glass on drawback. 

An act to make better provision 
for the commissioners of appeal in re- 
venue causes in Ireland. 

An act to allow British plantation 
sugar and coffee, imported into Ber- 
muda in British ships to be exported 
to the territories of the United States 
of America in foreign ships orvessels ; 
and to permit articles, the production 
of the said United States, to be im- 
ported into the said island in foreign 
ships or vessels. 

An act for extending the period in 
which deeds were directed to be en- 
rolled by an act of the 50th year of 



his present majesty, for amending se- 
veral acts for the redemption and sale 
of the land-tax. 

An act to amend an act made in 
the 49th year of his present majesty, 
for providing a durable allowance of 
superannuation to the officers of excise, 
under certain restrictions. 

An act for transferring the Scotch 
excise charity and superannuation 
funds to the consolidated fund, and 
paying all future allowances from the 
latter fund, and for making provision 
for certain superannuated officers of 
jEXcise in England and Scotland. 

An act to revive and continue, un- 
til the 25th day of March, 1813, and 
amend so much of an act, made in the 
39th and 40th year of his present 
majesty, as grants certain allowances 
to adjutants, and Serjeant majors of 
the militia of England, disembodied 
under an act of the same session of 
parliament. 

An act for making allowances in 
certain cases to subaltern officers of 
the militia in Great Britain, while 
disembodied. 

An act for raising the sum of 
22,500,0001. by way of annuities. 

An act for raising the sum of 
5,000,0001. by exchequer bills, for 
the service of Great Britain, for the 
year 1812. 

An act to repeal the several duties 
under the care of the commissioners 
for managing the stamp duties in Ire- 
land, and to grant new duties in lieu 
thereof ; and for transferring the 
management of the duties on playing 
cards and dice from the commission- 
ers of inland excise to the commis- 
sioners of stamp duties. 

An act for granting to his majesty 
certain additional rates of postage in 
Great Britain. 

An act for charging an additional 
duty on copper imported into Great 



APPENDIX.— PUBLIC ACTS. 



281 



Britain, until the expiration of six 
calendar months after the ratification 
of a definitive treaty of peace. 

An act for raising the sum of 
300,0001. by treasury bills for the ser- 
▼ice of Ireland, for the year 1812. 

An act to continue until the 25th 
^ay of March, 1814, an act made in 
the parliament of Ireland, in the 27th 
.year of his present majesty, for the 
better execution of the law, and pre- 
servation of the peace within counties 
at large. 

An act to continue, until the Ist 
day of August, 1813, certain acts for 
appointing commissioners to enquire 
into the fees, gratuities, perquisites, 
and emoluments received in several 
public offices in Ireland ;» to examine 
into any abuses which may exist in 
the same, and into the mode of recei- 
ving, collecting, issuing, and account- 
ing for public money in Ireland. 

An act for granting to his majesty 
certain new and additional duties of 
assessed taxes ; and for consolidating 
the same with the former duties of 
assessed taxes. 

An act for granting to his majesty 
additional duties of excise in Great 
Britain, on glass, hides, and tobacco 
and snuff. 

An act to amend and regulate the 
assessment and collection of the assess- 
ed taxes, and of the rates and duties 
on profits arising from property, pro- 
fessions, trades, and offices, in that 
part of Great Britain called Scot- 
land. 

An act for applying the amount of 
the bounties on certain linens export- 
ed from Great Britain towards de- 
fraying the charge of the loan made 
and stock created in the present ses- 
sion of parliament. 

An act to amend several acts rela- 
ting to the revenue of inland excise 
and taxes in Ireland. 



An act to permit sugar, coffee, and 
cocoa to be exported from his majes- 
ty's colonies or plantations to any 
port in Europe to the southward of 
Cape Finisterre, and corn to be im- 
ported from any such port, and from 
the coast of Africa, into the said co- 
lonies and plantations, ucder licenses 
granted by the collectors and control- 
lers of the customs. 

An act for allowing certain arti- 
cles to be imported into the Bahama 
islands, and exported therefrom in fo- 
reign vessels ; and for encouraging 
the exportation of salt from the said 
islands. 

An act to permit the exportation 
of wares, goods, and merchandize, 
from any of his majesty's islands in 
the West Indies, to any other of the 
said islands, and to and from any of 
the British colonies on the continent 
of America, and the said islands and 
colonies. 

An act to provide a summary re- 
medy in cases of abuses of trusts crea» 
ted for charitable purposes. 

An act for the registering and se. 
curing of charitable donations. 

An act for the more easy manning 
of vessels employed in the southern 
whale fishery. 

An act to render more effectual an 
act, passed in the 37th year of his 
present majesty, for preventing the 
administering or taking unlawful 
eaths. 

An act to continue, amend, and 
extend the provisions of an act, pass* 
ed in the 48th year of his present ma- 
jesty, for enabling the secretary at 
war to enforce returns from clerks of 
subdivisions and others, in rel<i?ion to 
fines, bounties, and sums due under 
any acts relating to the defence of 
the realm or militia, for the purpose 
of directing the distribution and secu- 
ring the due application thereof. 



282 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



An act for increasing the duty on 
rum and other spirits imported into 
Newfoundland from the British colo- 
nies and plantations on the continent 
of America, and charging a duty on 
spirits imported into Newfoundland 
from his majesty's colonies in the 
West Indies. 

An act for extending the allowance 
of the duty on salt used in making 
oxigenated muriatic acid for bleach- 
ing linen, to salt used in making such 
arid for bleaching thread and cotton 
twist. 

An act to amend an act passed in 
the 50th year of his present majesty, 
for placing the duties of hawkers and 
pedlars under the management of the 
eommissioners of hackney coaches. 

An act to empower the commis- 
sioners of Chelsea hospital to com- 
mute pensions for a sura of money in 
certain cases. 

An act for amending an act passed 
in the 12th year of his late majesty. 
King George the 2nd, entituled, 
* An act for the more easy assessing, 
collecting, and levying of county 
rates ;' and for the remedying certain 
defects in the laws relating to the re- 
pairing of county bridges and other 
works maintained at the expense of 
the inhabitants of counties in Eng- 
land. 

An act for defraying the charge of 
the pay and cloathing of the militia 
and local militia in Great Britain for 
the year 1812. 

An act for defraying, until the 
26th day of March, 1813, the charge 
of 'the pay and clothing of the militia 
of Ireland; and for making allow- 
ances in certain cases to subaltern of- 
ficers of the said militia during peace. 

An act for raising the sum of 
1,216,6661. 123. 4d. Irish currency 
by treasury bills for the service of 
Ireland for the year 1812. 



An act to enable the commissioners 
of his majesty's treasury to issue ex- 
chequer bills, on the credit of such 
aids or supplies as have been or shall 
be granted by parliament for the ser- 
vice of Great Britain for the year 
1812. 

^ An act to make more effectual pro- 
vision for enabling the corporation 
for preserving and improving the port 
of Dublin, to erect, repair, and main- 
tain light houses and lights round the 
coasts of Ireland, and to raise a fund 
for defraying the charge thereof. 

An act to amend an act of this ses- 
sion of parliament for amending the 
laws relating to the local militia of 
England. 

An act for imposing additional du- 
ties of customs on certain species of 
wood, and on pot and pearl ashes im- 
ported into Great Britain. 

An act to amend an act made in 
the present session of parliament, en- 
tituled, * An Act to revive and con- 
tinue until the 31st day of December, 
1812, so much of an act made in the 
49th year of his present majesty, to 
prohibit the distillation of spirits from 
corn or grain, in the united kingdom, 
as prelates to Great Britain ; and to 
revive and continue another act made 
in the 49th year aforesaid, to suspend 
the importation of British or Irish, 
made spirits into Great Britain or 
Ireland, respectively ; and for grant- 
ing certain duties on worts or wash 
made from sugar, during the prohibi- 
tion of distillation from corn or grain 
in Great Britain.* 

An act to repeal so much of an 
act of the 43d year of his present ma- 
jesty, as permits the importation of 
goods and commodities from Turkey, 
Egypt, or the Levant seas, in foreign 
ships. 

An act to explain, amend, and ex- 
tend the provisions of an act, passed 



APPENDIX.— PUBLIC ACTS. 



283 



in the last session of parliament, for 
enabling the wives and families of sol- 
diers to return to their homes, to the 
widows, wives, and families of sol- 
diers dying or employed on foreign 
service. 

An act to authorise the transfer to 
the East Indies, of debts originally 
contracted there, on the part of the 
East India company, payable in Eng- 
land. 

An act to remove doubts as to an 
act passed in the 50th year of the 
reign of his present majesty, relating 
to raising men for the service of the 
East India company. 

An act for amending and enlarging 
the powers of an act passed in the 
50th year of his present majesty, to 
enable his royal highness the Prince 
of Wales to grant leases of certain 
lands and premises called Prince's 
Meadows, in the parish of Lambeth, 
in the county of Surrey, parcel of his 
said royal highness's duchy of Corn- 
wall, for the purpose of building 
thereon. 

An act for vesting in his majesty, 
his heirs, and successors, certain lands 
or grounds, formerly part of the 
wastes of the manor of Sandhurst, in 
the county of Berks, freed and dis- 
charged of commonable and other 
rights. 

An act for granting to his majesty 
a sum of money to be raised by lot- 
teries. 

An act to repeal the several acts 
for the collection and management of 
the stamp duties in Ireland, and to 
make more effectual regulations for 
collecting and managing the said du- 
ties. 

An act to prohibit until the 1st 
day of November, 1812, the making 
of starch, hair-powder, and blue, 
from wheat and other articles of food ; 
and for suspending part of the duties 



now payable on the importation in- 
to Great Britain of starch. 

An act for better securing the du- 
ties on malt. 

An act for amending two acts pass- 
ed in the 48th and 49th years of his 
present majesty, for enabling the com- 
missioners for the reduction of the 
national debt to grant life annuities. 

An act for the more effectual pu- 
nishment of persons destroying the 
properties of his majesty's subjects ; 
and enabling the owners of such pro- 
perties to recover damages for the in- 
jury sustained. 

An act to exempt from the duties 
of Is. and of 6d. in the pound, cer- 
tain augmentations made to the sti- 
pends of parishes in Scotland. 

An act for explaining, amending, 
and extending the several laws relative 
to the payment of forfeited and un- 
claimed shares of army prize money, 
to the royal hospital at Chelsea ; and 
for directing the mode of making up 
the accounts of pensions, paid to the 
widows of officers of the army. 

An act for taking an account of 
the population of Ireland, and of the 
increase or diminution thereof. 

An act for the better regulation of 
the butter trade in Ireland. 

An act for advancing 2,500,0001. 
to the East India Company, to ena- 
ble them to discharge part of the In- 
dian debt. 

An act to enable the Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland to regulate the price 
of coals to be bought for the benefit 
of the poor of the city of Dublin. 

An act for extending the time for 
the payment of certain sums of mo- 
ney, advanced by way of loan under 
an act, passed in the last session of 
parliament, for enabling his majesty 
to direct the issue of exchequer bills, 
to a limited amount, for the purposes 
and in the manner therein mentioned. 



28t 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



An act for the further prevention 
of the counterfeiting of silver tokens 
issued by the governor and company 
of the bank of England, called dol- 
lars, and of silver pieces issued and 
circulated by the said governor and 
company, called tokens ; and for the 
further prevention of frauds practised 
by the imitation of the notes or bills 
of the said governor and company. 

An act for granting to his majesty 
pertain duties on stone bottles made 
in or imported into Great Britain. 

An act to permit the exportation 
of certain articles to the Isle of Man 
from Great Britain. 

An act to regulate the manner of 
licensing boats by the commissioners 
of the customs, and the delivering up 
of licenses in cases of loss or capture 
of vessels licensed ; and for enabling 
the commissioners of the customs to 
purchase certain boats at a valuation. 

An act to permit the removal of 
goods from one bonding warehouse 
to another, in the same port. 

An act for amending and reducing 
into one act, the provisions contained 
in any laws now in force imposing the 
penalty of death for any act done in 
breach of or in resistance to any part 
of the laws for collecting his majesty's 
revenue in Great Britain. 

An act to suspend and finally va- 
cate the seats of members of the 
House of Commons, who shall be- 
come bankrupts, and who shall not 
pay their debts in full within a limit- 
ed time. 

An act to explain the exemption 
from toll in several acts of parliament, 
for carriages employed in husbandry ; 
and for regulating the tolls to be paid 
on other carriages, and on horses, in 
certain other cases therein specified. 

An act for the better regulating 
and preserving parish and other regis- 
ters of births, baptisms, marriages> 
and burials in England. 



An act for regulating the allow* 
ances granted out of the duties of as- 
sessed taxes, to persons in respect of 
the number of their children, by an 
act passed in the ^Sth year of his pre- 
sent majesty ; and for extending the 
limitation mentioned in the said act in 
proportion to the increase of the said 
duties. 

An act to enable the keeper of his 
majesty's privy purse for the time be- 
ing, to dispose of and transfer all such 
public stocks or funds, as now do or 
shall hereafter stand in his nanie, in 
the books of the governor and com- 
pany of the bank of England, in trust 
for his majesty. 

An act to regulate the separation 
of damaged from sound coffee, and to 
permit dealers to send out any quan- 
tity of coffee not exceeding eight 
pounds weight without permit, until 
the end of two years from the passing 
of this act. 

An act to amend an act passed in 
the ^ith year of his majesty's reign 
for granting stamp duties in Great 
Britain, so far as regards the duties 
granted on medicines and on licenses 
for vending the same. 

An act to extend the provisions of 
an act of the last session of parlia- 
ment, relating to the half-pay and al- 
lowance of officers retiring from ser- 
vice ; and to authorise the allowing 
to foreign officers wounded the like 
pensions and allowances as are given 
to British officers under the like cir- 
cumstances. 

An act to repeal an a*t, passed in 
the iOth year of his present majesty, 
entituled, * An Act for better regu- 
lating the office of agent general for 
volunteers and local mihtia,* and for 
the more effectually regulating the 
said office. 

An act to rectify a mistake and to 
carry into more effectual execution 
the purposes of an act made in thd 



APPENDIX—PUBLIC ACTS. 



QS5 



last session of parliament, relating to 
the British white herring fishery. 

An act for granting to his majes- 
ty certain sums of money out of the 
consolidated fund of Great Britain, 
and for applying certain monies there- 
in mentioned, for the service of the 
year 1812, and for further appropria- 
ting the supplies granted in this ses- 
sion of parliament. 

An act to repeal certain acts, and 
amend other acts relating to religious 
worship and assemblies, and persons 
teaching or preaching therein. 

An act for the more effectual pu- 
nishment of persons aiding prisoners 
of war to escape from his majesty's 
dominions. 

An act to prevent the issuing and 
eirculating of pieces of gold and sil- 
ver, or other metal, usually called to- 
kens, except such as are issued by 
the banks of England and Ireland 
respectively. 

An act to extend the provisions of 
an act passed in the S6th year of the 
reign of his present majesty, for the 
rehef of persons equitably entitled to 
stocks and annuities transferable at 
the bank of England, and of an act 
passed in this present session for the 
relief of infant suitors entitled to the 
like stocks and annuities, to all other 
transferable stocks and funds. 

An act for charging foreign liquors 
and tobacco derelict, jetsam, flotsam, 
lagan, or wreck, brought or coming 
into Great Britain, with the duties 
payable on importation of such liquors 
and tobacco. 



An act to enable justices of the 
peace to order parochial relief to pri- 
soners confined under mesne process 
for debt in such gaols as are not 
county gaols. 

An act for enabling his majesty 
to grant leases under certain circum- 
stances, and for the better carrying 
into effect the provisions of an act 
passed in the 39th and 40th year of 
the reign of his present majesty, touch- 
ing the formation of a map of the New 
Forest, !« the county of Southamp- 
ton, and continuing and extending 
other provisions of the said act ; for 
further appropriating the monies ari- 
sen or to arise from the sale of certain 
crown lands under the authority of 
divers acts of parliament ; for annex- 
ing certain lands within the forest of 
Rockingham to his majesty's manor 
of King's Cliffe ; and for enabling 
the Commissioners of the Treasury 
to appropriate small portions of land 
for ecclesiastical purposes. 

An act for the preservation of the 
public peace in certain disturbed 
counties in England ; and to give, 
until the 25th day of March, 1813, 
additional powers to justices for that 
purpose. 

An act for the relief of certain in- 
solvent debtors in Ireland. 

An act for enabling his majesty to 
raise the sum of three millions for the 
service of Great Btitain, and for ap- 
plying the sum of 200,0001. British 
currency, for the service of Ireland. 

An act for the relief of certain ij>- 
solvent debtors in England. 



2S6 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 181f. 



STATE PAPERS.-FOREIGN. 



speech of the Prince Royal of Sxve- 
den to the King, on his Majesty's 
resumi)igthe Government^ Jan.lth, 

Sire, — My most ardent wishes 
have been fulfilled. The re-establish- 
ed health of your majesty again ena- 
bles you to resume the government of 
the kingdom. 

I can appeal to your own heart, to 
judge of the delightful emotion mine 
experiences in replacing in the hands 
of your majesty, an authority, the 
prolonged exercise of which has con- 
stantly kept before me the danger 
which threatened your days. 

Notwithstanding the daily reports 
which I have submitted to your ma- 
jesty, both respecting the exterior 
and interior situation of the state, I, 
nevertheless, consider it my duty to 
profit by the present occasion, so im- 
portant for me, upon all accounts, to 
present your majesty with a rapid 
sketch of them. 

When your majesty decided upon 
embracing the continental policy, and 
declaring war against Great Britain, 
Sweden had got clear of an unfortu- 
nate contest ; her wounds were still 
bleeding ; it was necessary for her to 
make new sacrifices, at a moment even 
when she lost one of the principal 
branches of her public revenues ; the 
whole of that produced by the cus- 
toms being nearly annihilated. 

In defiance of the insulated situa- 



tion of Sweden, she has performed, 
for the interest of the common cause, 
all that could be expected from a peor 
pie faithful to their engagements ; 
more than 2,000,000 of rix-doUars 
have been expended in recruiting the 
army, and placing in a state of de- 
fence the coasts of our islands, our 
fortresses, and our fleets. 

I will not conceal from your ma- 
jesty, that our commerce has been re- 
duced to a simple coasting trade from 
port to port, and has greately suffer- 
ed from this state or war. Priva- 
teers, under friendly flags, against 
which it would have been injurious to 
have adopted measures of safety and 
precaution, have taken advantage of 
our confidence in treaties, to capture, 
one after another, nearly fifty of our 
merchantmen ; but at last, sire, your 
flotilla received orders to protect the 
Swedish flag, and the just commerce 
of your subjects, against piracies 
which could neither be authorised 
nor avowed by any government. 

The Danish cruizers have given 
much cause for complaint on our 
part ; but the evil decreases daily, 
and every thing leads us to think the 
lawful commerce of Sweden will not 
be any longer disturbed by them, 
and that the relations of good neigh- 
bourhood will be more and more 
strengthened. 

The cruizers under the French flag 
have given an unlimited extension to 
their letters of marque ; the injuries 



APPENDIX STATE PAPERS. 



287 



which they have done us have been 
the object of our complaints. The 
justice and loyalty of his majesty the 
emperor of the French have guaran- 
teed their redress. 

The protections given by friendly 
governments have been respected ; 
and such of their ships as have touch- 
ed upon our coasts, have been at li- 
berty to continue their voyage, what- 
ever might be their destination. 

About 50 American ships driven 
upon our coasts by successive tem- 
pests, have been released. This act 
of justice, founded upon the rights of 
nations, has been appreciated by the 
United States : and appearances pro- 
mise us, that better understood rela- 
tions with their government will fa- 
cilitate the exportation of the nume- 
rous piles of iron with which our pub- 
lic places are now filled. 

Political considerations join with 
the family connection which unites 
your majesty and the King of Prus- 
sia, to consolidate the relations of 
friendship that subsist between the 
two powers. 

The peace with Russia will not be 
troubled : the treaties by which it is 
cemented are executed on both sides 
with frankness and good faith. 

Our relations with the Austrian 
empire are upon a most amicable foot- 
ing ; the remembrance of glory brings 
the two nations nearer to each other ; 
and your majesty will neglect nothing 
which can contribute to maintain the 
reciprocity of confidence and esteem 
it causes. 

If Spain and Portugal should as- 
sume a tranquil posture, these coun- 
tries will offer to Swedish commerce, 
advantages which would guarantee 
the perfection of the plans she has 
commenced for improving her iron 
mines. 

Our intercourse with Southern 



America has entirely ceased ; civil 

war ravages these fine and unfortu- 
nate countries. When they have a 
regular administration, the produce 
of the kingdom will find an advanta- 
geous vent there. 

The maritime war has interrupted 
our commercial relations with Tur- 
key ; but nothing which interests 
that ancient friend of Sweden can be 
indifferent to your majesty. 

Such, sire ! are the exterior rela- 
tions of Sweden ; — justice and loyal- 
ty towards all nations have been the 
political guides of your majesty. 

The army and the finances, — those 
two principal guarantees of a state, — 
have, above all, been the objects of 
my constant solicitude. 

A wise economy has governed the 
expenditure of the funds destined for 
the armaments which the state of war 
rendered necessary. This war having 
great influence upon the exportation 
of Swedish productions, upon the ge- 
neral proceedings of trade, and the 
imaginations of merchants, had cau- 
sed the course of exchange to rise to 
an exorbitant height. I particularly 
directed my attention to stop this 
scourge of states ; which having once 
broken its dykes, no bounds can be 
placed to its ravages ; by repressing, 
on the one side, stock-jobbing ; by 
carrying into execution the ancient 
laws against the unlawful exportation' 
of gold and silver ; by imposing a du- 
ty of transit upon the conveyance of 
ingots from foreign countries, passing 
through Sweden ; by endeavouring to 
bring back the nation to the principles 
of economy which distinguished their 
ancestors. On the other side, I have 
endeavoured to give activity to the in- 
terior industry and lawful commerce 
of Sweden. 

I have had the satisfaction of seeing 
my efforts crowned with success ; and 



288 EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



that thecourseof exchange upon Harn- 
hurgh, which in March last was at 
136 6k. on the 3d of the present Ja- 
nuary was only 84 sk. 

I have taken measures to render 
more general the manufacture of linen, 
and the culture of hemp ; to proceed 
actively in the discovery of new sour- 
ces for obtaining salt ; to continue the 
clearing of the ground in Dalecarlia ; 
to establish a new communication with, 
and new markets in, Vermeland ; to 
form a company destined to carry on 
the herring-fishery in the open sea; 
to augment our commercial relations 
with Finland ; to carry into execution 
the financial resolutions of the states 
of the kingdom ; to give to the direc- 
tion of magazines, to those of the cus- 
toms, and to the island of St Bartho- 
lomew, a fresh organization. 

The harvest not having proved a 
good one, I have adopted means to 
prevent a scarcity, by causing corn to 
be imported from foreign countries ; 
but in order to prevent such impor- 
tation influencing the exchange, salt 
must be exported for grain so recei- 
ved. This exchange will be effected 
with so much the more facility, as 
there yet exists a sufficient provision 
of salt in the country for two years' 
consumption, 

I have with grief observed, that 
the immoderate use and manufacture 
of brandy, by which the general inte- 
rests are sacrificed to individual ones, 
corrupt the nation, and will sooner or 
later inevitably cause a scarcity. I 
have only employed exhortations on 
this subject, which I have collected 
from the paternal sentiments of your 
majesty ; and I leave it to other times, 
and to the judgment of the states, to 
put an end to an evil which, every 
body acknowledges, continues increa- 

Fhave paid particular attention to 



the state and organization of the hos- 
pitals, to the religious estabUshments^ 
and to the means of preventing, or at 
least of relieving, the conditionof men- 
dicity. 

The interior police and agriculture 
have not been lost sight of; and a 
central academy of agriculture will 
shortly be established, for the pur- 
pose of giving an impulse and an en- 
couragement to the public economy, 
and to scientific knowledge, which 
will contribute to insure the prospe- 
rity of the state. 

The works of the canal of Goth- 
land, that grand monument of your 
majesty's reign, have been carried on 
with great activity. Those of the ca- 
nal of Sodertelje, stopped by obsta- 
cles which the zealous efforts of the 
directors have not been able to sur- 
mount, have again recommenced withr 
more rapid strides. 

I have carried into execution th« 
solemn resolution of the states of the 
kingdom, sanctioned by your majesty, 
regarding the national armament ; but, 
careful not to deprive agriculture of 
any more arms than are indispensably 
necessary for the defence of our coun- 
try, I have merely ordered a levy of 
15,000 men, exclusive of the 50,000 
which the states had placed at your 
majesty's disposal. The most direful 
errors were carried even into Schonen, 
where violence and a public rebellion 
threatened for a moment to oppose the 
execution of the measures ordained. 
Already did our enemies, or such as 
are envious of our repose, begin to re- , 
joice at our intestine dissentions ; but 
these were soon suppressed by the uni- 
ted force of the army and the laws ; 
and were succeeded by the return of 
national sentiment and obedience to 
their duty. The vacancies in the new 
enrolment, and in the national anna- ' 
ment, are almost entirely filled up j 
2 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



289 



and every measure has been taken to 
render them useful in this employ. 
The regular army has been recruit- 
ed, as is also the whole of the reserve 
new clothed, and supplied with well- 
conditioned arms, of which sufficient 
quantities are found in the magazines ; 
and the founderies for arms have ob- 
tained a renewed activity. The ma- 
king of gunpowder and saltpetre has 
been extended and improved, and the 
artillery put into a respectable condi- 
tion. 

The pensions granted to officers 
and soldiers wounded during the war 
have been either confirmed or aug- 
mented. The accounts of the ex- 
penses of the late war have been ac- 
celerated ; and such measures as have 
been successively adopted, had no 
other object in view than to render 
the troops serviceable, and to supply 
them with the necessaries requisite. 

Your majesty will deign to perceive 
by this statement, that notwithstand- 
ing all that the detractors of Sweden 
have insinuated on this head, as that 
it would take sixty years to organize 
an army of 60,000 men, yet the ef- 
fecting of this will be apparent in the 
month of April next, both to the 
friends and enemies of your majesty. 
The intent of this augmentation of 
our military force is merely defensive. 
Without any other ambition than that 
of preserving her liberty and laws, 
Sweden will have the means of de- 
fending herself, and she can do it. 
Bounded by the sea on one side, and 
on the other by inaccessible moun- 
tains, it is not solely on the courage 
: of her inhabitants, nor in the remem- 
Ibrance of her former glory, that she 
has to seek for the security of her in- 
dependence ; it is rather to be found 
in her local situation, in her mountains, 
her forests, in her lakes, and in her 

VOL. V. PART II. 



frosts. Let her therefore profit by 
these united advantages ; and let her 
inhabitants be thoroughly persuaded 
of this truth, that if iron, the pro- 
duce of their mountains, cultivates 
their farms, by ploughing up their 
fields, that it is likewise iron alone, 
and the firm determination of making 
use of it, that can defend them. 

I have been seconded in my efforts 
by the good spirit prevalent in the ar- 
my, and by the zeal and abilities of 
the public functionaries. 

The magistracy has maintained its 
ancient reputation ; it has painful du.- 
ties to fulfil, but this has procured it 
a fresh claim to the general esteem. 

The different departments of the 
chancery of state have rivalled each 
other in giving the quickest dispatch, 
compatible with the formalities re- 
quired by our laws and customs, to 
all business which has come under 
their cognizance. 

The secretary of state's department 
for church affairs has, since the 17th 
of March, expedited nearly 600 cau- 
ses ; that of the interior 952 ; that of 
finance and commerce 1653 ; and the 
war-department 2535 ; the causes in 
which final decision has not yet been 
given, and which are confined to a ve- 
ry moderate number in each depart- 
ment, in comparison to the extent 
coming under their several denomina- 
tions, are either of such a nature as to 
require your majesty's decision, or to 
be again brought forward for final 
determination. 

Should your majesty deign to re- 
cognize in the sketch which I have 
laid before you, the desire which has 
actuated me to deserve the high con- 
fidence you have shewn towards me, 
this would prove, next to the joy I 
feel on your majesty's re-establish- 
ment, the most pleasing recompence 
T 



290 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, ISlf. 



for all my pains. May Heaven, in 
accordance with my prayers, length- 
en your majesty's days ; and that 
Sweden, protected by your .virtues, 
sire, may find an imperishable gua- 
rantee for her future destiny, in the 
absolute devotion which my heart has 
vowed to your majesty ; in the re- 
spectful attachment of my son ; in the 
sanctity of the laws of the state ; in 
the uprightness of thepubHc function- 
aries ; and in the union, the courage, 
and the patriotism of all Swedes ! 

With the most sincere sentiments 
of attachment, and with the most pro- 
found respect, I am, sire, your majes- 
ty's most humble and faithful subject, 
and good son, 

C. John. 
Palace at Stockholm, Jan. 7, 1812. 



Appoitdment of the Hereditary Prince 
0/ Sicily to the Government as Vi- 
car'Generalf January 16. 

The King our Lord, by a resolu- 
tion dated this day, signed by his ma- 
jesty, and sealed with the royal seal, 
has constituted his royal highness Don 
Francis, hereditary Prince of the Two 
Sicilies, his most dear son, his Vicar- 
generai ia this kingdom of Sicily : 
transferring to him, with the most 
ample title of Alter Ego, the exercise 
of all rights, prerogatives, pre-emi- 
nencies, and powers, in the same man- 
ner as they could be exercised by his 
majesty \r\. person. In the name of 
the king I communicate to your ex- 
cellency this sovereign determination ; 
transmitting to you also a copy of the 
same, that you may forthwith com- 
municate it to all the departments 
depending on the office of Secretary 
of State, the Royal Household, the 
Treasury, and Commerce, which are 



committed to the charge of your Ex- 
cellency. 

(Signed) 
Marquis de Circello. 
To the Marquis Tomasi. 
Palermo, Jan. 16, 1812. 

ROYAL LETTER. 

Ferdinand, by the grace of God, 
King of the Two Sicilies, Jerusa- 
lem, &c. Infante of Spain, Duke 
of Parma, Placencia, Castro, &c. 
Grand Hereditary Prince of Tus- 
cany, &c. 

My most esteemed Son Francis, 
Hereditary Prince of the 
Two Sicilies : — 
Being obliged through bodily in- 
disposition, and from the advice of the 
physicians, to breathe the air of the 
country, and to withdraw myself from 
all serious application, I should esteem 
myself culpable before God, if I did 
not make such provision for the go- 
vernment of the kingdom, in these 
most difficult times, that affairs of the 
greatest importance should beprompt- 
ly dispatched, and the public weal suf- 
fer no detriment through my infirmi- 
ties. Wishing, therefore, to disbur- 
then myself of the weight of govern- 
ment, as long as it shall not please 
God to restore me to a state of health 
suitable for conducting it, I cannot 
more properly entrust it to any other 
than to you, my beloved son, as well 
because you are my legitimate succes- 
sor, as on account of the experience 
which I have had of your high recti- 
tude and capacity ; and by these pre- 
sents, with my free will and consent, 
I constitute and appoint you my Vi- 
car-general in this my kingdom of Si- 
cily, in the same way as you have been 
already twice Vicar-general in my 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



291 



other kingdom of Naples ; and I yield 
and transfer to you with the ample 
title of Alter Ego, the exercise of all 
the rights, prerogatives, pre-eminen- 
cies, and powers, which could be ex- 
ercised by myself : and that this my 
determination may be known to all, 
and obeyed by all, I order that this 
my letter, signed by myself, and sealed 
with my royal seal, be preserved in 
the archives of the kingdom, and that 
you direct a copy of it to be sent to 
all councillors and secretaries of state 
for their information, and that they 
may communicate the same to all per- 
sons interested. — Given in Palermo, 
this 16th day of January, 1812. 

Ferdinand. 

Thomas de Somma. 



Address of the Spanish Regency to 
the Nation, Jan. 2d. 

Spaniards,— -the regency, in ta- 
king upon themselves the government 
of the Spanish monarchy entrust- 
ed to them by the cortes in their de- 
cree of the 22d instant, could do no 
less than fix their whole attention on 
the critical circumstances in which 
the nation is placed, and on the im- 
mensity of their obligations. They 
do not, however, entertain for a sin- 
gle moment, the horrible idea, that . 
the ferocious enemy who besets us 
will ultimately accomplish the sub- 
jugation of the heroic Spanish people, 
who are now in the 5th year of their 
glorious resistance. You raised the 
cry of independence and of vengeance 
even when deprived of your princes, 
when your laws and institutions were 
trampled under foot, — when destitute 
of resources, and without cither ar- 
mies, generals, or a central and re- 
spectable government. Even then, 
you conquered : you have continued 



the contest, and you have gone on 
progressively ameliorating your insti- 
tutions so as to assemble the cortes, 
to establish a government on the most 
legitimate basis, and through the me- 
dium of your representatives, to form 
a con^ltution, which is to raise you 
to the prosperity and grandeur of 
which you are worthy. True it is, 
that the sacred fire of patriotism 
burns throughout the whole extent 
of the peninsula, — that th war be- 
comes every day more obstinate, — . 
your hatred to a foreign domination 
more inextinguishable, — the desire of 
vengeance stronger, — your love of li- 
berty, and of our legitimate king, 
Ferdinand the Seventh, more Infla- 
med ; but it is also true, that now is 
the time to render such great sacrifi- 
ces more useful, to exterminate with 
decision the abuses which are devour- 
ing us as the inevitable consequences 
of our ancient disorder, which could 
not be repaired amidst so many agi- 
tations. It is now time to apply with 
effect the great resources which we 
possess to the desired object which 
occupies our minds; Such are the 
duties of your new government : it 
acknc'vledges them publicly, and it 
promises their fulfilment. O Spa* 
nlards ! fulfil your duties with the 
greatest constancy, and the most in- 
defatigable energy. There have 
reached the government, the cries of 
the armies which defend us, depicting 
their painful privations ; the groans 
of the inhabitants of districts ready 
to fall under the yoke of the barba- 
rous invaders ; the complaints of the 
provinces already occupied, always 
loyal, though oppressed and laid 
waste. Behold the situation of your 
new government ; hear the demands 
which are made upon its attention, 
at the very moment of its commencing 
its painful functions ; behold the ex- 



'292 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 8112. 



tent of its wants ! To answer your 
own wishes and those of your repre- 
sentatives, it is necessary to overcome 
all the obstacles which have enfeebled 
the an-angements of authority, and 
to support the dignity of the govern- 
ment with a majesty corresponding 
to that of the people by whom it has 
been formed. The very nature of this 
war, in which the sacred interests of 
religion, of the nation, and of the king 
are defended, imperiously require it. 
The impetuous and persevering cha- 
racter of the enemy requires it also. 
The strength of our alliances must 
be founded on this ; and the safety 
of the country depends entirely and 
exclusively on the strictest union be- 
tween all, and on the strength of your 
government. 

The regency, deeply persuaded of 
this incontrovertible truth, will act 
with firniness in the performance of 
their delicate trust : they will watch, 
-with the greatest activity, over the 
fate of the brave defenders of the 
country. They will give a fixed sys- 
tem to all the branches of the public 
administration under their control — 
will reward those who deserve well 
of the country, will apply all their 
exertions to the expulsion of the ene- 
my from our soil, and to maintain the 
empire of justice. But they will, at 
the same time, be inexorable towards 
those who are wanting in the perform- 
ance of their duties, or who do not 
yield obedience to their resolves. Au- 
thority is null, if it be not respected. 
Anarchy then diffuses its deadly poi- 
son, social order is subverted, and the 
state advances to the most frightful 
dissolution. Cease, now and hence- 
forward, all personal pretensions ; the 
ill-understood feelings of interest dic- 
tated by provincial spirit ; exemptions 
unjustly demanded at this period of 
<l.:fsolation : writmgs which, while 



they ought to create the most ardent 
patriotism, to unite and enlighten the 
nation, appeared inspired by the ene- 
my for the purpose of dividing it ! 
Cease ; and let the nation appear with 
all the power which it possesses, and 
which it has displayed vigorously at 
different periods of its grand insur- 
rection ! The danger is great ; the 
government neither wishes, nor ought 
to conceal it : let the sacrifices also 
be great. The regency will spare 
no exertions to fulfil its duties : and 
even though it should see itself on the 
brink of a precipice, it will there exer- 
cise its last act of vigour in burying 
itself under the ruins of the country ; 
thus corresponding to the resolutions 
which you all have formed, and to 
the confidence reposed in it by the 
national congress. But, that fatal 
moment, Spaniards ! shall not arrive. 
We have all sworn to be free. To 
attain that object, let us devote the 
remains of our ancient opulence, ex- 
haust our resources, and prodigally 
shed our blood. Of what importance 
are all those, when we wish to main- 
tain the glory of our contest, our pre- 
cious liberty, and the respect due to 
the Spanish name ? Who with an 
avaricious hand would conceal those 
barren treasures which the country 
demands, and which the enemy con- 
templates with a greedy and rapaci- 
ous eye ? who would utter the voice 
of dismay for the purpose of coming 
to terms with the tyrant ? who will 
oppose himself to the legitimate au- 
thority which has emanated from the 
cortes, and dare to disobey it, in the 
hope of an impunity created by the 
discredit of government, and a want 
of confidence on the part of the peo- 
ple ? Omissions and want of obedience 
can no longer be overlooked. The 
Spaniards desire that the government 
should be consolidated j and that or- 



APPENDIX—STATE PAPERS. 



295 



der should be established ; which can 
alone be the fruit of a constitutional 
system, dictated by the represenutives 
of the nation : they wish that there 
should be an equality of sacrifices 
among those who enjoy the rights of 
citizens : they wish that the govern- 
ment, impressed with a sense of its 
unbounded obUgations, shall employ 
all its zeal in annihilating the enemy's 
legions, and in confirming the consti- 
tution of the monarchy. As long as 
the regency exercises the authority 
entrusted to it, it will constantly en- 
deavour to satisfy this anxious desire 
of the public mind, founded upon 
principles of equity and justice. 

Spaniards ! Our danger is immi- 
nent. Our fate must either be that 
of the most ignominious slavery, or 
the possession of glory and independ- 
ence. The government has been form- 
. ed to advance the latter, and to open 
to you the path of greatness. Re- 
spect it ; confide in your representa- 
tives and in it : all of them act towards 
the same object ; all co-operate to 
attain the ultimate triumph which Pro- 
vidence has destined for us. You, on 
your part, will go on prosecuting 
eternal war against the tyrant ; you 
will die sooner than submit to wear 
the chains of servitude ; you will ef- 
fectually oppose those domestic ene- 
mies who endeavour to produce dis- 
union, or destroy the generous institu- 
tions which you have decreed. Thus, 
doubtless, will you act, and you shall 
be free ; your government assures 
)'ou of it. You shall be free ! 

(Signed) 
Joaquin Mosqueray Figuerqa, 

President. 
Cadiz, Jan. 23, 1812. 

Treaty of Alliance bettueen their Ma- 
jesties the Emperor and Kingy and 



the Emperor of Austria, March 
Uth. 

His majesty, the Emperor of the 
French, King of Italy, &c. &c. and 
his majesty, the Emperor of Aus- 
tria, &c. having at heart the per- 
petuating the amity and good intel- 
ligence which exist between them, 
and to concur by the friendship and 
force of their union in maintaining 
the peace of the continent, and the 
re-estabUshment of internal peace : 

Considering that nothing.would be 
more calculated to produce those 
happy results than the conclusion of 
a treaty of alliance, which should 
have for its object the security of 
their estates and possessions, and the 
guarantee of the principal interests of 
their respective policies, have named 
for their plenipotentiaries, — 

His majesty, the Emperor of the 
French, &c. M. Hugues Bernard, 
Count Maret, Duke de Bassano, &c. 

And his majesty the Emperor of 
Austria, &c. the Prince Charles of 
Schwartzenberg, Duke de Kruse- 
man, &c. who, after having exchan- 
ged their respective full powers, have 
agreed upon the following articles : — 

Art. 1. There shall be perpetual 
amity, and sincere union and alliance, 
between his majesty the Emperor of 
the French, &c. and his Majesty the 
Emperor of Austria, &c. In conse- 
quence the high contracting parties 
will take the greatest care to main- 
tain the good intelligence so happily 
established between them, their re- 
spective states and subjects, to avoid 
all that could injure it, and to further 
on every occasion their mutual utili- 
ty, honour, and advantage. 

Art. 2. The two high contracting 
parties reciprocally guarantee the in- 
tegrity of their present territories. 



S94 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



Art. 3. As the result of this re- 
ciprocal guarantee, the two high con- 
tracting parties will always labour to 
concert upon th? measures that shall 
appear the most proper for the main- 
tenance of peace ; and in case the 
states of one or other shall be threa- 
tened with invasion, they will em- 
ploy their most efficacious offices to 
prevent it. 

But as these good offices may not 
have the desired effect, they oblige 
themselvesto mutual assistance in case 
one or other shall be attacked or me- 
naced. 

Art. 4. The succour stipulated by 
the preceding article shall be compo- 
sed of 30,000 men (24,000 infantry, 
and 6,000 cavalry), constantly kept 
up to the war estabHshment, and of 
a park of 60 pieces of cannon. 

Art. 5. This succour shall be fur- 
nished at the first requisition of the 
party attacked or menaced. It shall 
march in the shortest delay, and at 
the latest before theend of two months 
after the demand shall have been 
made. 

Art 6. The two high contracting 
parties guarantee the integrity of the 
territory of the Ottoman Porte in 
Europe. 

Art. 7. They equally recognise 
and guarantee the principles or the 
Navigation of Neutrals, such as they 
have been recognised and consecrated 
by the Treaty of Utrecht. 

His Majesty the Emperor of Aus- 
tria renews, as far as is needful, the 
engagement to adhere to the prohibi- 
tive system against England, during 
the present maritime war. 

Art. 8. The present treaty of al- 
liance shall not be rendered public, 
nor communicated to any cabinet, 
but ia concert between the two high 
parties. 



It shall be ratified, and the ratifi» 
cations exchanged at Vienna in a fort- 
night, or sooner if possible. 
(Signed) 
H. B. Duke of Bassano. 
Prince Chas. of Schwartzenberg. 
Done and signed at Paris, 
March 14, 1812. 



Correspondence between the French 
and English Ministers on a Propo- 
sal for Peace. 

Copy of a Letter addressed by the 
French Minister of Foreign Af- 
fairs, to Lord Castlereagh, Secre- 
tary of State for Foreign Affairs 
to his Britannic Majesty. 

«« Parts, April 17, 1812. 

*< Sir, — His majesty, constantly- 
actuated by sentiments friendly to mo- 
deration and peace, is pleased again 
to make a solemn and sincere attempt 
to put an end to the miseries of war. 

*' The awful circumstances in which 
the world is at present placed, have 
induced a resolution in the breast of 
his majesty, the result of which has 
been, to authorise me to explain to 
you, sir, his views and intentions. 

" Many changes have taken place 
in Europe for the last ten years, which 
have been the necessary consequence 
of the war between France and Eng- 
land, and many more changes will be 
effected by the same cause. The par- 
ticular character which the war has 
assumed, may add to the extent and 
duration of these results. Exclusive 
and arbitrary principles cannot be 
combated but by an opposition with- 
out measure or end ; and the system 
of preservation and resistance should 
have the same character of universali- 
ty, perseverance, and vigour. 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



«95 



« The peace of Amiens, if it had 
been observed, would have prevented 
much confusion. 

" I heartily wish that the experi- 
ence of the past may not be lost for 
the future. 

** His majesty has often stopped 
■when the most certain triumphs lay 
before him, and turned round to in- 
voke peace. 

" In 1805, secure as he was by the 
advantage of his situation, and in spite 
of the confidence which he might 
reasonably feel in anticipations which 
fortune was about to realize, he made 
proposals to his Britannic majesty, 
which were rejected, on the ground 
that Russia should be consulted. In 
1808, new proposals were made, in 
concert with Russia. England alle- 
ged the necessity of an intervention, 
which could be no more than the re- 
sult of the negociation itself. In 1 810, 
his majesty, having clearly discerned 
that the British orders in council of 
1807, rendered the conduct of the 
war incompatible with the independ- 
ence of Holland, caused indirect over- 
tures to be made towards procuring 
the return of peace. They were fruit- 
less ; and the consequence was, that 
jiew provinces were united to the em- 
pire. 

** In the present time are to be 
found united all the circumstances of 
the various periods at which his ma- 
jesty manifested the pacific sentiments 
which he now orders me again to de- 
clare that he is actuated by. 

" Thecalamities under which Spain, 
and the vast regions of Spanish Ame- 
rica suffer, should naturally excite the 
interest of all nations, and inspire 
them with an equal anxiety for their 
termination. 

«' I will express myself, sir, in a 
manner which your excellency will 
find conformable to the sincerity of 



the step which I am authorised to 
take ; and nothing will better evince 
the sincerity and sublimity of it than 
the precise terms of the language 
which I have been directed to use. 
What views and motives should in- 
duce me to envelope myself in forma- 
lities suitable to weakness, which 
alone can find its interest in deceit ? 

« The affairs of the peninsula, and 
the Two Sicilies, are the points of 
difference which appear least to ad- 
mit of being adjusted. I am autho- 
rised to propose to you an arrange- 
ment of them, on the following ba- 
sis : — 

«« The integrity of Spain shall be 
guaranteed. France shall renounce 
all idea of extending her dominions 
beyond the Pyrennees. The present 
dynasty shall be declared independ- 
ent, and Spain shall be governed by 
a national constitution of her cortes. 
" The independence and integrity 
of Portugal shall be also guaranteed, 
and the house of Braganza shall have 
the soverign authority. 

" The kingdom of Naples shall re- 
main in possession of the present mo- 
narch, and the kingdom of Sicily 
shall be guaranteed to the present fa- 
mily of Sicily. 

" As a consequence of these sti- 
pulations, Spain, Portugal, and Sici- 
ly, shall be evacuated by the French 
and English land and naval forces. 

" With respect to the other ob- 
jects of discussion, they may be ne- 
goci^|«d upon this basis, that each 
power shall retain that of which the 
other could not deprive it by war. 

« Such are, sir, the grounds of con- 
ciliation offered by his majesty to his 
royal highness the prince regent. 

«< His majesty the emperor and 
king, in taking this step, does not 
look either to the advantages or losses 
which this empire may derive from 



296 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



the war, if it should be prolonged ; 
he is influenced simply by the consi- 
derations of the interests of humani- 
ty and the peace of his people ; and 
if this fourth attempt should not be 
attended with success, like those 
■which have preceded it, France will 
at least have the consolation of think- 
ing, that whatever blood may yet flow, 
will be justly imputable to England 
alone. 

*< I have the honour, &c. 
(Signed) 

« The Duke of Bassano." 



Copy nf the ylns'wer of Lord Castle- 
reagh- Secretary o> State for Fo- 
reign jSffairs o- his Britannic Ma- 
jesty, to the Letter o/ the Minist r 
for Foreign Relations^ oj the 17 th 
of April, 1812- 

London, Office for Foreign Affairs, 
April 23, 181-2. 

** Sir, — Your excellency's letter 
of the nth of this month has been 
received, and laid before the prince 
regent. 

** His royal highness felt that he 
owed it to his honour, before he 
should authorise me to enter into any 
explanation upon the overture which 
your excellency has transmitted, to 
ascertain the precise meaning attach- 
ed by the government of France to 
the following passage of your excel- 
lency's letter : ' The actual dynasty 
shall be declared independent, and 
Spain governed by "the national con- 
stitution of the cortes.' 

" if, as his royal highness fears, 
the meaning of this proposition is, 
that the royal authority of Spaiti, 
and the government established by 
the cortes, shall be recognised as re- 
siding in the brother of the head of 
the French government, and the cor- 
tes formed under his authority, and 



not in the legitimate sovereign, Fer- 
dinand the Seventh, and his heirs, 
and the extraordinary assembly of the 
cortes, now invested with the power 
of the government in that kingdom, 
in his name, and by his authority, I 
am commanded frankly and explicit- 
ly to declare to your excellency, that 
the obligations of good faith do not 
permit his royal highness to receive a 
proposition for peace founded on such 
a basis. 

" But if the expressions cited above 
apply to the actual government of 
Spain, which exercises the sovereign 
authority in the name of Ferdinand 
the Vllth, upon an assurance of your 
excellency to that eff"ect, the prince 
regent will feel himself disposed to 
enter into a full explanation upon the 
basis which has been transmitted, in 
order to be taken into consideration 
by his royal highness : it being his 
most earnest wish to contribute, in 
concert with his allies, to the repose 
of Europe ; and to bring about a 
peace, which may be at once honour- 
able, not only for Great Britain and 
France, but also for those states 
which are in relations of amity with 
each of these powers. 

•' Having made known without 
reserve the sentiments of the prince 
regent, with respect to a point on 
which it is necessary to have a full 
understanding, previous to any ulte- 
rior discussion, I shall adhere to the 
instructions of his royal highness, by 
avoiding all superfluous comment and 
recriminations on the accessary object 
of your letter. I might advantage- 
ously, for the justification of the con- 
duct observed by Great Britain at 
the different periods alluded to by 
your excellency, refer to the corre- 
spondencewhich then took place, and 
to the judgment which the world has 
long since formed of it. 

" As to the particular character 



APPENDIX— STATE PAPERS. 



297 



the war has unhappily assumed, and 
the arbitrary principles which your 
excellency conceives to have marked 
its progress, denying, as I do, that 
these evils are attributable to the Bri- 
tish government, I at the same time 
can assure your excellency, that it 
sincerely deplores their existence, as 
uselessly aggravating the calamities 
of war ; and that its most anxious de- 
sire, whether at peace or at war with 
France, is, to have the relations of 
the two countries restored to the li- 
beral principles usually acted upon in 
former times. 

" 1 take this opportunity of assu- 
ring your excellency of my respect. 
(Signed) « Castlereagh.'* 



Fkancb. — Revocation of the Berlm 
and Milan Decrees. 

*•' Palace of St Cloud, April 28, 18ia 
" Napoleon, Emperor of the French, 
King of Italy, Protector of the 
Confederation of the Rhine, Me- 
diator of the Swiss Confederation, 
** On the report of our minister 
for foreign affairs. 

" In consequence of the act of the 
2d of March, J 811, by which the 
congress of the United States have 
enacted exemptions from the provi- 
sions of the non-intercourse act, 
which prohibit the entrance into the 
American ports to the ships and 
goods of Great Britain, or its colo- 
nies, and dependencies ; 

*' Considering that the said law is 
an act of resistance to the arbitrary 
pretensions consecrated by the Bri- 
tish orders in council, and a formal 
refusal to adhere to a system deroga- 
tory to the independence of neutral 
powers, and of their flag. 

" We have decreed, and decree as 
follows : — 

" The decrees of Berlin and Milan 



are definitively, and from the date of 
the 1st of November last, considered 
as never having taken place with re - 
gard to American vessels. 

(Signed) «' Napoleox. 

« By order of the emperor, the 
minister and secretary for forpign af- 
fairs. 

(Signed) «* The Count Daru. 
*« The minister for foreign affair's. 
(True Copy.) 
(Signed) The DukeDE Bassano." 



Spain. — Decree of the Regency of 
the Kingdom. 

" Don Ferdinand VII. by the 
grace of God, and the constitution of 
the Spanish monarchy, King of the 
Spains, and in his absence and capti- 
vity, the regency of the kingdom, 
appointed by the general and extra- 
ordinary cortes, to all to whom these 
presents come make known, that the 
cortes have decreed as follows ; — 

" The general and extraordinary 
cortes, adverting to its being provi- 
ded in the constitution of the monar- 
chy that the ordinary cortes shall be 
assembled every year ; and consider- 
ing that the public good, which dic- 
tated this constitutional regulation, 
never more strongly recortimended its 
observance than now, when the press- 
ing afifairs of the state, and the neces- 
sity of putting in motion the said 
constitution so imperiously require it, 
have resolved to decree, and do de- 
cree, 

1. That the ordinary cortes be 
convoked for the ensuing year, 1813. 

2. That it being absolutely impossi- 
ble, considering the shortness of the 
time, and the distance of places, for 
the ordinary cortes to meet at the 
precise time pointed out in the con- 
stitution, it not being possible that 
the deputies from the more distant 



29S 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



parts of the kingdom can be assem- 
bled by the 1st of March, of the said 
year, the first ordinary cortes will 
therefore open their session on the 
1st of October, 1813. And for this 
purpose shall be held electoral assem- 
blies of parishes, districts, and pro- 
vinces, in conformity to the instruc- 
tions for the peninsula and ultra ma- 
rine possessions which accompany 
this decree. 

3. That with a view of facilitating 
the elections at a period when the 
extraordinary circumstances in which 
the whole kingdom is placed, oppose 
obstacles of so many kinds to the ne- 
cessary verification of the elections, 
and to the first assembling of the or- 
dinary cortes which is to result from 
them : the regulations contained in 
the instructioHS for each of the two 
hemispheres, which accompany this 
decree, shall be observed and follow- 
ed in the provinces of the peninsula 
and adjacent isles, and in those be- 
yond the sea respectively. 

4. That all the ultra marine depu- 
ties repair to this city of Cadiz, where 
the place in which they are to open 
their sittings shall be communicated 
to them by the permanent deputation 
of the cortes ; for this purpose they 
ought to be assembled in this city at 
the commencement of the month of 
September, 1813. 

5. The deputies to the present ge- 
neral and extraordinary cortes cannot 
be re elected for the ensuing ordinary 
cortes. 

The regency shall take the proper 
measures for executing this decree, 
causing it to be printed, pubhshed, 
and circulated. 

Jose Maria Gutierrez de 

Teran, President. 
Jose de Zorraquin, 
Joaquin Diaz Caneja, 

SecretarieSt 



Given at Cadiz, the 23d of May, 
1812. 

To the regency of the kingdom. 

We therefore order all tribunals, 
justices, chiefs, governors, and other 
authorities, civil, military, and eccle- 
siastical, to observe, and cause to be 
observed, fulfil and execute the pre- 
sent decree in all its parts ; and that 
the same be printed, published, and 
made known in order to its fulfil- 
ment. 

Joaquin de Mosquera t 

FiGUEROA, President. 
Juan Villavicencio, 

IgNACIO RoDRIGUES de RlVAS, 

The Conde Del Abizbal, 
Cadiz, May 24, 1812. 



America. — Message from the Pre- 
sident of the United States to the 
Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the United States, June 1. 

I communicate to congress certain 
documents, being a continuation of 
those heretofore laid before them, oa 
the subject of our affairs with Great 
Britain. 

Without going beyond the renewal 
in 1803, of the war in which Great 
Britain is engaged, and omitting un- 
repaired wrongs of inferior magnitude, 
the conduct of her government pre- 
sents a series of acts hostile to the 
United States as an independent and 
neutral nation. 

British cruizers have been in the 
continued practice of violating the 
American flag on the great highway 
of nations, and of seizing and carry- 
ing off persons sailing under it, not in 
the exercise of a beUigerent right, 
founded on the law of nations, against 
an enemy, but of a municipal prero- 
gative over British subjects. British 
jurisdiction is thus extended to neu- 



APPENDIX.— STATE PAPERS. 



299 



tral vessels in a situation where no 
laws can operate but the law of na- 
tions and the laws of the country to 
which the vessels belong ; and a self- 
redress is assumed, which, if British 
subjects were wrongfully detained 
and alone concerned, is that substitu- 
tion of force for a resort to the re- 
sponsible sovereign, which falls with- 
in the definition of war. Could the 
seizure of British subjects, in such 
cases, be regarded as within the ex- 
ercise of a belligerent right, the ac- 
knowledged laws of war, which for- 
bid an article of captured property 
to be adjudged without a regular in- 
vestigation before a competent tribu- 
nal, would imperiously demand the 
fairest trial, where the sacred rights 
of persons were at issue. In place of 
such trial, these rights are subjected 
to the will of every petty command- 
er. 

The practice, hence, is so far from 
affecting British subjects alone, that 
under the pretext of searching for 
these, thousands of American citi- 
zensy under the safe-guard of public 
laws, and of their national flag, have 
been torn from their country, and 
from every thing dear to them, — 
have been dragged on board ships of 
war of a foreign nation, and exposed, 
under the severities of their discipline, 
to be exiled to the most distant and 
deadly climes, to risk their lives in 
the battles of their oppressors, and to 
be the melancholy instruments of ta- 
king away those of _^their own bre- 
thren. 

Against this crying enormity, 
which Great Britain would be so 
prompt to avenge if committed against 
herself, the United States have in 
vain exhausted remonstrances and ex- 
postulations ; and that no proof 
might be wanting of their concilia- 
tory dispositions, and no pretext left 



for continuance of the practice, the 
British government was formally as- 
sured of the readiness of the United 
States to enterinto arrangements, such 
as could not be rejected, if the reco- 
very of the British subjects were the 
real and sole object. The communi- 
cation passed without effect. 

British cruisers have been in the 
practice also of violating the rights 
and peace of our coasts. They ho- 
ver over and harass our entering and 
departing commerce. To the most 
insulting pretensions they have added 
lawless proceedings in our very har- 
bours, and have wantonly spilt Ame- 
rican blood within the sanctuary of 
our territorial jurisdiction. The 
principles and rules enforced by that 
nation, when a neutral nation, against 
armed vessels of belligerents hovering 
near her coasts, and disturbing her 
commerce, are well known. When 
called on, nevertheless, by the United 
States to punish the greater offences 
committed by her own vessels, her 
government has bestowed on their 
commanders additional marks of ho- 
nour and confidence. 

Under pretended blockades, with- 
out'the presence of an adequate force, 
and sometimes without the practicar 
bility of applying one, our commerce 
has been plundered in every sea, the 
great staples of our country have 
been cut off from their legitimate 
markets ; and a destructive blow aim- 
ed at our agricultural and maritime 
interests. In aggravation to these 
predatory measures, they have been 
considered as in force from the dates of 
their notification ; a retrospective ef- 
fect being thus added, as has been 
done in other important cases, to the 
unlawfulness of the course pursued : 
and to render the outrage more sig- 
nal, these mock blockades have been 
reiterated and enforced in the face of 



soo 



EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



official communications from the Bri- 
tish government, declaring, as the 
true definition of a legal blockade, 
** that particular ports must be ac- 
tually invested, and previous warning 
given to vessels bound to them not to 
cater." 

Not content v?ith these occasional 
expedients for laying waste our neu- 
tral trade, the cabinet of Great Bri- 
tain resorted, at length, to the sweep- 
ing system of blockades, under the 
name of orders in council, which has 
been fnoulded and managed as might 
best suit its political views, its com- 
mercial jealousies, or the avidity of 
British cruisers. 

To our remonstrances against the 
complicated and transcendant injus- 
tice of this innovation, the first reply 
was, that the orders were reluctantly 
adopted by Great Britain as a neces- 
sary retaliation on decrees of her ene- 
my proclaiming a general blockade of 
the British isles, at a time when the 
naval force of the enemy dared not to 
issue from his own ports. She was re- 
minded without effect, that her own 
prior blockades, unsupported by an 
adequate naval force actually applied 
and continued, were a bar to tjiis 
plea ; that executed edicts against 
millions of our property could not be 
retaliation on edicts confessedly im- 
possible to be executed ; that retalia- 
tion, to be just, should fall on the 
party setting the guilty example, not 
on an innocent party, which was not 
even chargeable with an acquiescence 
in it. 

When deprived of this flimsy veil 
for a prohibition of our trade with 
Great Britain, her cabinet, instead of 
a corresponding repeal, or a practical 
discont