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«< 



L ^ .7- . -r ..-w.-^.-:" • 



T£CK»OLOGY KYlSiail 



EDISON 

Monthly 



^<^ 



January 1922 



The New York Edison Company 
Irving Place and i jth Street, New York 



The Edison Directory 

and the Edison Showrooms 

THE very great increase in the number of names Hated, 
and consixjuenily the broadened scope and added im- 
portant Df The Edison Direclory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication rather tlian as a department 
t)f Tbe Fjjisox Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of Tile New York Ediaon Company. It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request, 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its hsts include the name» of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electriciil work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy' of each name and address is rarefuUy verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agtnt, (Italer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment mftde, 

T^e Company desires to encourage tlic establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with tlie public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric curreni and deriionsi ration in tlie various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incaiKlcsccn t lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical eijuipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its ser\'ice and meter. Appliances arc 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
l)e received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance sek-cted, without oommiesion or charge of any 
kind for tiits service. 

The Nev) York Edison Company 



January 




.1 -u^,^ 1 V 



1922 



VOLUME M CONTENTS number 1 
^^. ... ^^ 

The Edison Monthly p^^. 

The Edison Directory - - - Inside From Cover 

Editorials -.._-.. 2 

New York, a Fur Centre . . - . 4 

Corrugated Paper --.-.. 7 

"Ifs" for Business Men (Verse) ... 9 

Battery Park as Seen from an Airplane (Photograph) - 10 

An Airplane View of Edison Service ■ - - 11 

Armaments - - - - - - - 12 

The 'Wheels of Progress (Verse) - - - 14 

Meat Deliveries ------ 15 

Electric Vehicle Men Hold Meeting - - ■ - I 7 

Coffee, Now and Then - - - - - 18 

Edison District Offices with Map - - Inside Back Cover 

CoBVr/jAf 1922, tv Thl Ntu. Yo,k Edao,. ConKinv 



TLe Edison MontLly 



The Edison Monthly 

Published by 
The New York Edison Company 

Qeneral Offices 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

New York City 

N F Bkady. Prcflident 
Waltbk Neumullsk, Secrenry 
FKtPf ICK ?MITH. Treamrer 

As a snow storm, the first flurry of 
the winter did not amount to very 
much. A wet snow fell for many hours 
but most of it melted as it struck the 
ground. Toward evening, with the 
lowering of the temperature this con- 
dition changed and a thin blanket 
formed; by the next morning this had 
turned to ice. Even this did not last 
more than a day or two but in that 
brief time it gave ample warning to 
teamsters of worse days to come. 
Snow in any shape or form offers ser- 
ious impediment to traffic. When it 
freezes as a thin coating of ice it be- 
comes particularly difficult for horses 
to keep their footing, and this is what 
happened , on that first Monday 
morning. 

More than one driver went forth 
prepared for trouble in some unex- 
pected form. On the other hand, 
the owners of electric trucks viewed 
the slippery streets with no more con- 
cern than they would the water after 
a rain fall. Ice on the asphalt has 
no terrors for electric trucks. Their 
traction is sure and their control is 
positive and they can pick their way 
in and out of traffic without the least 
inconvenience. In their performances 
after that first snow fall the three thou- 
sand electric trucks now in service in 
New York showed something of their 
capacity for work under abnormal 



conditions and gave promise of what 
they will do when real winter condi- 
tions arrive. 

While this may have been something 
of an old story to many owners of elec- 
trics it proved a very satisfying reve- 
lation to those whose storage battery 
equipment is entering winter service 
for the first time. 

Not so many years ago the mere 
possession of electric lights was to 
make one the envy of all the neigh- 
bors. Now the unwired home is the 
exception. With electric service in- 
stalled the acquisition of various ap- 
pliances becomes a mere matter of 
time and cluring the past few years 
there has been a remarkable increase 
in the use of such equipment. Houses 
being built today have not only the 
usual outlets for lighting fixtures, but 
additional outlets along the wall for 
the accommodation of appliances. In 
many of the older houses, however, 
the use of the vacuum cleaner often 
involves unscrewing a lamp from its 
socket ; wh ile the placing of a table lamp 
in the library is generally accompanied 
by a cord dangling from overhead. In 
the dining room the chaim of the per- 
colator and the coziness of the toaster 
are often marred because the cord 
leading to the fixture insists on getting 
into the butter or entangling itself 
with the sugar bowl . All too frequently 
the use of the electric iron in the 
kitchen is at the expense of the only 
light in the room. 

One who has experienced these dis- 
comforts will readily agree with the 
claims made by those advocating the 
installation of additional outlets — 
"convenience outlets" as they have 






TLe Edison Montkly 



been very aptly termed. The reason- 
ableness of the cost of this improve- 
ment will come as a surprise to many. 
The sum of course will vary with the 
number of outlets installed and the 
work involved, but in any case it will 
be all out of proportion to the comfort 
that follows. To paraphrase a time- 
worn expression, '* their conveniences 
w^ill be enjoyed long after their cost 
has been forgotten." 



To one who does not have to spend 
long hours in the confines of a close 
room the importance of ventilation 
may not be readily apparent. But 
the cook who has to work over the 
range in a hot kitchen, the mechanic 
who has to spend a large part of his 
time in the pit beneath automobiles, 
the chemical worker who spends his 
days in an atmosphere of noxious 
vapors, the painter who is constantly 
threatened by the dread spectre of 
lead poisoning — all these know the 
ventilator and appreciate what an 
important factor it is in making 
decent living and working conditions 
possible. 

A ventilating installation may be 
either simple or elaborate. For the 
kitchen and in some cases the labora- 
tor>', a twelve- or sixteen-inch fan 
mounted in a frame in the window will 
be entirely adequate; the same fan, 
but with a more elaborate housing to 
prevent the spread of fumes, serves 
the painter; the industrial establish- 
ment or the garage requires a larger 
apparatus, generally a blower type 
fan and an extensive duct system 
reaching ever>' part of the large floor 
area. 

The kitchen ventilator serves not 



only the kitchen but the whole dwell- 
ing and its value is measured in terms 
of domestic comfort and happiness; 
the ventilator in the industrial estab- 
lishment insures better working con- 
ditions, a higher degree of efficiency 
and the production of better material 
and its value is measured in terms of 
improved personal relations and in- 
creased profits. 



The Navy football team recently 
completed one of the most successful 
seasons in the history of the Academy, 
a season which reached its climax 
with the victory over the Army on the 
last Saturday in November. The suc- 
cess of the team was due in very large 
measure to the fact that the coach 
always had a full squad of first-string 
men with which to work. Thus, with 
very little time lost from practice by 
the individual members, the squad 
became a well coordinated machine, 
something highly essential in these 
days of fast team play. 

The reason for the Navy's high 
attendance average at practice has 
just been explained by the medical 
officer of the Academy. He says that 
the players were no less susceptible 
to injury than other teams but that 
when they were injured they received 
different treatment than had ever 
been given football players in the 
past. The Annapolis infirmary has a 
very complete equipment of electro- 
therapeutic apparatus and it was this 
that proved so efficacious in getting 
the players back into the game. 
Bruised muscles, strains and other 
injuries yielded readily to the appli- 
cations of electric heat or some one 
of the high frequency currents. 



New York, a Fur Centre 

NEW YORK, moving slowly for- llie point of fruition in its present day 
ward and meeting with business greatness. Ten years ago when a gen- 
acumen and energy the sharp eral trade shift began, fur, having al- 
competition of the old world, in 1921 ready burst itsBleeckerStreet bounds, 
had solidified its position as the great- moved too. It formed a community 
est fur trade mart in the entire world, which now spreads in a commanding 
with more than $500,000,000 repre- way over a score of streets on either 
sented in the various branches of the side of Seventh Avenue, the main ar- 
industry and at least 50,000 people, tery of the trade. Whichever way the 
enough for a good sized city, identified eye turns in this section, just above 
withitsprogress. It 
has been said that 
the resources of the 
trade are of such 
magnitude that it 
would be possible 
at a week's notice 
to provide everj' 
man, woman and 
childin the country 
with a garment of 
fur. More than 85 
per cent of the 
country's fur man- 
ufacture is carried 
on here. 

In the grouping 
of kindred indus- 
tries in local cen- 
tres, which isa char- 
acteristic of New 
York business, fur 
found its original 
zone in the lower 
mid-city and had 
Bleecker Street as 
its pivotal point. 
Here it thrived and 
grew strong; here 
was developed the 
spirit of progress 
which has reached 




TKc Edison Montkly 

23rd Street, it falls upon the signs of and storage places, packers and ship- 



the industry, — pelts large and small, 
pelts in bales and bundles, pelts in the 
raw and newly arrived from the trap- 
pers' catches, and others ready for the 
skilled designer to fashion for the mar- 
ket. 

There are more than 3.000 estab- 
lishments engaged in the various de- 
partments of fur handling, manufac- 
turing, dressing, dyeing and merchan- 
dizing in the city, importers and ex- 
porters, jobbers and agencies, brokers 




id Seventh Avenuc-t in the NeiEhbDihood df 
tabliahmenti, TheKiirLiiiKtDiiBulldini.Fan 
[• Occuiried Almoat EnJuidvEly by Furrien 



pers, wholesalers and retailers. 

With the unprecedented growth of 
the industry, the broadening of its 
commercial field and the vast increase 
of the capital invested, there has fol- 
lowed naturally the adoption of all 
that is modern with respect to the 
technical features of handling raw 
skins and putting them through the 
processes which, in a cruder and less 
economical way, long made London 
and Leipsic famous. Inveniion has 
given to the manu- 
facturer mechani- 
cal devices which 
make easy the task 
once laboriously 
undertaken by the 
early worker. Elec- 
tricity is now a 
most helpful agen- 
cy. Innumerable 
motor driven ma- 
chines serve the 
manufacturer, pro- 
viding power for 
cutters and stitch- 
ers. The illumi- 
nating engineer has 
made possible the 
essentials of light 
without which it 
would be futile to 
imdertake compar- 
i^rons of skins or 
match to a nicety 
the pieces for a gar- 
ment. The refrig- 
erating system in 
rold storage vaults 
is still another im- 
portant use to 
which electricity is 
adapted. Indeed, 



TLe Edieon Montkly 



it may be said that the fur 
leans heavily on the motor. 

The industry maintains its 
siderable exchange and there a 
ations. alike strong 
in membership and 
influence, through 
which manufactur- 
ers, dressers and dy- 
ers, and dealers col- 
lectively are kept 
advised with re- 
spect to the larger 
matters of general 
importance. The 
several periodicals 
dedicated to the ad- 
vancement of the 
industry, are pub- 
lications of real 
worth, each enjoy- 
ing a large measure of prosperity. 

Within the district are a number of 
cold storage establishments which are 
operated exclusively for furs. One. 
which in other days was a busy brew- 
ery, is always packed from basement 
to roof. At tne time of this writing one 
individual palron was paying insur- 
ance on a ten million dollar valuation. 

More than fifty establishments, 
equipped with everything modern , and 
employing close upon 5 ,000 experienced 
hands, are engaged exclusively indress- 
ing raw skins for the trade and the as- 
sociated work of dyeing. 

One unfamiliar with the totals of a 
large industr\' well may be amazed at 
the magnitude of the output of the 
factories. During the year 19201 by 
authentic association report. 26,526.- 
231 raw skins passed through the proc- 
esses of the New York dressers. Of 
this vast number nearly 6.000,000 
■were muskrat; there were more than 



idustry 8,000,000 moleskins and close upon 

3,000,000 minkskins. All these were 

m con- in order absorbed by the manufacturers 

associ- who in turn passed them along through 




the regular channels of distribution. 

In the dyeing field one finds another 
total which goes to prove that New 
York has established itself firmly. 
More than 14,000,000 pelts were 
treated during Che year, or an average 
of more than 200.000 a week. Furs 
dyed in New York art everywhere rec- 
ognized as standard. They command 
high prices in every market. 

In Europe for a century furs in the 
unfinished state have Ijeen periodically 
assembled in large quantities and sold 
under the hammer to the highest bid- 
ders. A few years ago fur auctions 
were established here. At first a nov- 
elty, the New York auctions have 
grown in popularity and now they are 
features which are attended by buyers 
from all over the world. These auc- 
tions are held three times a year and it 
is not uncommon for 3,000,000 skins 
representing every known garment fur, 
to be disposed of during a session, 



J 



Corrugated Paper 



THE tremendous increase in tlie 
shipment of packages of all sorts 
by freight, parcel post and ex- 
press, and the regulations which the 
carriers have established for the pre- 
vention of breakage explain in part 
the new importance which the corru- 
gated paper industry has acquired. 
Corrugated paper has shown itself to 
be one of the best materials for mak- 
ing boxes which shall be light and at 
the same time strong. 

One of the largest manufacturers, 
in the corrugated paper industrj', is 
the American Corrugaled Paper Prod- 
ucts Corporation whose plant at 213- 
227 West 26th Street is well worth an 
inspection by anyone interested in 
this industry. 

The first stop is in the raw-stock 
rooms. Here , piled close together, stand 
roll after roll of strawboard weighing 
close to a thousand pounds each . 
From the stock 
room, the visitor is 
taken to the corru- 
gating machines. 
These machines are 
the keystone which 
supports the whole 
scheme of the 
American Corru- 
gated Paper Prod- 
ucts Corporation 
for they transform 
the plain straw 
board into protec- 
tive corrugated 
sheets. It is fascin- 
ating to see them 
work. First, siraw 
paper is passed 



from the roll over a steaming cylin- 
der that so dampens and softens 
the material as to make corruga- 
tion easier. The dampened paper is 
then run between three corrugated 
cylinders so adjusted that the ridges 
of each cylinder fit into the hollows 
between ridges on the others. After 
passing between these cylinders, the 
paper goes over another revolving 
cylinder, which applies the adhesive, 
silicate of soda. This glue-like sub- 
stance is picked up on the ridges of 
the corrugations; the corrugated paper 
then picks up a lining of jute paper, 
which adheres to the sticky side. 
The two then pass over steam plates 
and are subjected to the pressure of 
a steel travelling belt, which fixes 
them firmly together. 

Only half the process is complete 
at this point for mrriigated paper 
buanl t" li. ii-i'l F"!- iimtainers for 




Tte Ediflon MontWy 



shipments by freight, express, and 
parcel post, must be lined on iKith 
sides- The corrugated and partly 
lined paper now passes to the rear of 
the machine and over the top to go 
through the same gluing, lining, and 
pressing process on the second side. 
On delivery from the machine, the 
corrugated paper is cut in any one of 
sixteen different widths and in any 
length required. It is now ready to 



for ihe packing of such bottled articles 
as drugs and perfumes; machines to cut 
out the comers of the tops and bot- 
toms of boxes so that they may be 
folded up square; stitching machines 
that fasten each corner of tops and 
bottoms with two firm wire stitches; 
corner-staying machines that tape the 
corners of tops and bottoms; band 
saws that cut through many thick- 
nesses of corrugated paper as if they 




thcRisht. Each Ml 

ladeup into containers of all sorts. 
There are scoring and slitting 
machines to mark the lines for folding 
into the box shape; taping machines 
that automatically cut strong tape to 
the length required and then glue it 
over two raw edges of the tube or 
body of the corrugated box; trimming 
and cutting machines that take off 
rough edges and cut the boxes to the 
depth required; special slotting ma- 
chines that prepare the inside parti- 
tions of boxes having compartments 



were a single sheet of tissue; and one 
ponderous machine, weighing a full 
nine tons, that is fed automatically, 
and combines the processes of creas- 
ing, slitting, and slotting in one oper- 
ation so efficiently that it produces 
fifty boxes a minute. 

All waste paper and cuttings are 
carried to the basement where a huge 
baling machine prepares them for ship- 
ment back to the paper mill to be 
remade into new stock. 

The huge corrugating machines, as 



A 



Tke Edison Montkly 



well as all the other machines in the 
factory, are operated by electric 
motors which secure their power from 
The New York Edison Company. 
The high pressure steam for the cor- 
rugating machines, is supplied from 
a battery of Ohfeldt gas-fired steam 
boilers, the installation being designed 
by the Utilization Department of the 
Consolidated Gas Company. 

The machines in the factory have 
individual drive, engineers of the com- 
pany explaining that this arrangement 
not only obviates such accidents as are 
likely to be caused by the connection 
with other machines, but also restricts 
any possible breakdown to the parti- 
cular machine in which it occurs. 
The power installation totals thirty- 
four motors, ranging in size from one- 
quarter horsepower to thirty-five 
horsepower. The electrical contrac- 
tors were Peters & Peters. An im- 
mense switchboard controls the power 
on each floor not only for the ma- 
chines but also for lighting and for 
elevators. 

When something does go wrong with 



a machine, the company has its own 
machine shop and its own machinists 
to repair the damage. The company 
has its own garage for its immense de- 
livery trucks; its own gasoline, oil, 
and air tanks; its own automobile 
mechanics; its own tools for every 
kind of repair job; and its own heat- 
ing pldnt. Everywhere you turn, 
the factory shows organization and 
system — in a word, efficiency. 

The traffic arrangement inside the 
plant is just one instance in point. 
The raw paper stock goes up on the 
rear elevators and the finished cor- 
rugated boxes come down on the 
front elevators on movable platforms. 
The machines are so placed and the 
various departments are so ordered 
that from the time the rolls of paper 
are delivered to the machine which 
completes the first process of manu- 
facture until the finished product is 
loaded on a motor truck for delivery 
the materials that go into the making 
of each box or carton travel in a con- 
tinuous curved line; not a single foot 
of space is traversed more than once. 



"Ifs" For 


Business Men 


With apologies 


to Rudyard Kipling 


If you can stand the old when all about 


If you can put up with the useless 


you 


bother 


Use new, electric methods scorned by 


Of ancient systems that no longer pay. 


you. 


And all because your much respected 


If you are in a rut where rivals flout you, 


father 


Nor care to learn the things that 


Succeeded with no better in his day; 


motors do; 


If you *re content with slow and costly 


If you are still delivering with horses 


service 


While trucks electric wait to do the 


In line where work with power is 


work, 


cheaply done; 


Nor seek to aid with current high-paid 


Then you're the kind of man who makes 


forces 


me nervous; 


And save the time of workman or of 


And, what is more, you're slipping 


clerk; 


back, my son! 




fTa/fer S. Dory 



An Airplane View^ of Edison Service 



IN the group of big buildings dis- 
cernable from an airplane passing 
over Battery Park are many notable 
structures which secure their electrical 
supply from the mains of The New 
York Edison Company. Many of these 
buildings can be identified in Major 
Hamilton Maxwell's picture of the 
section, which appears on the oppo- 
site page. 

Nearly all the buildings bordering 
on the park have central station 
service. At the foot of State Street 
just opposite the bifurcation of the 
elevated structure stands the South 
Ferry Building, a few doors from 
which IS the Cheseborough Building. 
Across Pearl Street stands the Battery 
Park Building, and to the north of 
that is the Customs House. Just 
down Pearl Street from the Batterv 
Park Building is the Maritime Build- 
ing. The big telephone building at 
104 Broad Street which was occu- 
pied by the Army during the war, 
looms up at the right of the picture, 
and in front of the telephone building 
one can just identify the roof of the 
Army Building on Whitehall Street. 
Further up Whitehall Street can be 
seen the Kemble Building, and to the 
right of the telephone building stands 
the new structure just erected at 10 
Front Street by the National Park 
Real Estate Company. 

At Bowling Green 

The Standard Oil Building at 26 
Broadway is in the heavy shadow cast 
by that trio of Edison Served struc- 
tures, the Cunard Building, the Bowl- 
ing Green Building and the Inter- 



national Mercantile Marine Company 
Building. At the left of the picture 
as one looks up West Street are the 
Crystal Building and the new offices 
of the Barrett Company. A glance 
up Greenwich Street reveals a corner 
of the indoor Curb Exchange. 

In the group of buildings at the 
centre and right background of the 
picture can be seen the Munson Build- 
ing at Wall and Beaver Streets, the 
smoke stack of the U S Assay Office 
on Wall Street, the dome of the Con- 
solidated Stock Exchange at Broad 
and Beaver Streets, the American 
Surety Building at 100 Broadway, 
the Commercial Cable Company at 
Broad Street and Exchange Place, 
the Fire Companies' Building at the 
junction of Liberty Street and Maiden 
Lane, and the plant of the New York 
Steam Company on Burling Street. 
Sub-stations of The New York Edison 
Company are located at central points 
throughout the district, but although 
their service is far reaching the build- 
ings themselves cannot be seen. 

In the Park itself are tw^o other 
buildings, the Barge Office through 
which land the thousands of im- 
migrants who have passed the Ellis 
Island tests, and the New York 
Aquarium with its marvelous collec- 
tion of fish. 

This airplane view shows only a 
small part of the great metropolis. 
Photographs of other sections of the 
city, taken by Major Maxwell, reveal 
the extensiveness of the territory sup- 
plied by Central Station Service. 
They will be published in succeeding 
issues. 



11 



Armaments 



NOWHERE in the elaborate 
plans for world wide peace as 
discussed at the Conference 
on the Limitation of Armaments do 
you find a place set aside for hear- 
ing the claims of the Kingdom of 
Lilliput. In giving places to Secre- 
tary- Hughes and the foreign delegates, 
the conierence agenda makers seem 
entirely to have overlooked the exist- 
ence of this little kingdom. This in 
spite of the fact, that so far as naval 
armaments are concerned, the Lillipu- 
tians seem to have more cause for fear 
than any other peoples. Their fears 
are founded on the alarming reports 
made by their own secret service 
agents who state that even while the 
peace delegates are in session, the va.- 
rious countries represen ted are rushing 
to completion great fleets of battle 
ships and auxiliary vessels, 

According to these agents, there is a 
very strong anti-Lilliput sentiment in 
the United States. "This sentiment" 
according to a report of Admiral Sky- 
resh Bclgolom, chief of the Lilliputian 
spy system in the United States, to 
Emperor Golbasto Et Cetera Ully 
Cue, "is shown, not so much by hostile 
demonstration and outspoken adverse 
opinion , as by an effectively carried on 
program of ship building. While we 
feel reasonably certain," he says, "that 
restrictionsinarmamentwill take place 
so far as the countries represented at 
the Conference are concerned . we view 
with grave alarm the construction 
of ships which we believe are designed 
solely for the conquest of Lilliput." 

According to the Admiral's report 
these ships include every type of war 



\essel from submarine to battle-cruis- 
er. Considerable space is gi\-en to the 
construction details of "these huge 
craft," which are described as being of 
the unheard length of io8 inches with 
a beam of 12H inches. Each of the 
ten ships of this class will have a main 




battery of eight rifles of great range J 
and penetrating power. Supporting! 
the battle cruisers will be ships of the J 
dreadnought type, scout cruisers, de-I 
stroyers, submarines, and air craft. J 
These with the auxiliaries are madel 
much of in the report of the Lilliput! 
secret service agents to their greaU^ 
emperor. 

Apparently spies had gained access 
to one of the establishments when 
these ships are being constructed and a 



TKe Edison Monttly 



targe part of the report is devoted to a 
description of the plant of the H E 
Boucher Manufacturing Company. 
This plant according to the report is 
located at 150 Lafayette Street, in the 
heart of New York. "We cannot un- 
derstand why a ship building plant 
should be located so far from water 
unless it is to prevent discovery. In- 
deed the plant has little of the aspect 
of the usual shipyard. For one thing 
there are no smoke stacks, all of the 
operations being carried on by elec- 
tricity which is supplied by under- 
ground wires from a central station 
several miles away." 

The report concludes with the as- 
surance that the conference will be 
watched carefully for hidden meanings 
and that the activities of the shipyard 
will be observed closely. 

In ike files of Ike Secret Semce De- 
partment of the Kingdom of Lillipitt. 
and dated one month later tkan the 
report from U'hich the above extracts 
are taken, another despatch was found. 
Like the first despatch it is from Ad- 
miral Skyresh Bol- 
golom, to King Gol- 
basto Et Cetera 
UllyGiie— 

"One month agn 
I reported to Your 
Majesty at consid- 
erable length re- 
garding what a])- 
peared to be the in- 
dications of hostik' 
feeling on the pan 
of the people of the 
United States to- 
ward the people of 
Lilliput. It iswith 
deep humility that 



I write now to say that we were en- 
tirely in error in the conclusions shown 
by that report. There is nothing but 
the friendliest feeling toward your 
people, and the shipconstructionwhich 
we thought was directed against Lil- 
liput was nothing more alarming than 
the making of miniature reproductions 
of the ships of the .'Vmerican Navy. 
The Boucher establishment which we 
described has specialized in the making 
of such reproductions for more than 
seventeen years. The ships which 
caused us so much concern a month 
ago are part of anorder from the United 
States Navy Department for minia- 
tures of every type of American Naval 
vessel since the Revolutionary War. 
These are to be preserved by the Navy 
as a historical record; and will be ex- 
hibited throughout the country. 

"In addition to miniatures of naval 
vessels this company builds reproduc- 
tions of cargo carriers and passenger 
vessels. These are displayed by the 
steamship companies in their ticket 
offices or show windows where they 
prove effective in advertising. A min- 




TKe Edison Monthly 



iature of a warehouse is also being 
built as are copies of the generating 
machinery of one of New York City's 
new electric power plants. The com- 
pany also builds miniature yachts and 
power boats. The power boats are 
fitted with steam engines which give a 
speed of fifteen miles an hour or with 
electric motors and storage batteries. 
Although they are no more than (our 
inches in height the engines are as ac- 
curately constructed as to be perfect 
in every detail , 

"Realizing the diplomatic embar- 
rassment that the erroneous report 
of a month ago may cause, as well as 
our own apparent incompetence, I 
have today accepted the resignations 
of all members of the staff who were 
concerned with its preparation and I 
hereby tender my own resignation 
from Your Majesty's ser\-ice." 



The Wheels of Progress 

Said Old Man Lamp: "Electric lightd 
I will admit, are worth their pried 

BUT— when the circuit's out of 
joint, 
My kerosene is pretty nice!" 

Sniffed Granny Candle: '"Lectric 
bulbs 

Are useful if one wants to SEE,^ 
BUT — when a hostess young woulq 

look 
Her prettiest, she uses ME!" 

The Light maligned, these Ancienrf 

heard, 

And chuckled unconcernedly. 

"BUT — what's the use of arguing? 

Old folks are all alike!" quoth 1 

.I/»i;V r C..irulhtn'\ 



».r-»* 



Meat Deliveries 



THAT advertising in its various 
forms is a profitable method 
of attracting interest is proved 
in the case of the Sayles-Zahn 
Company, wholesalers of meat at 
Sixth Avenue and Tenth Street. Hav- 
ing seen the newspaper advertising 
and read several pamphlets issued 
by The New York Edison Company to 
explain the benefits of electric truck 
service, Mr Bernard Zahn began to 
compare the cost of operating gasoline 
trucks with the probable cost of oper- 
ating electric trucks. Following hard 
upon this, Mr Zahn in October 1920 
visited the New York Electrical Expo- 
sition, at the Grand Central Palace. 
The electric trucks on exhibit there 
and the arguments advanced by the 
salesmen proved so convincing that an 
order was placed for a three-and-one- 
half ton Walker, equipped with a 44 
cell 21 M V Exide Ironclad Battery. 
This truck is now completing its first 
year's service and has more than jus- 
tified its purchase. 

Considering that the company han- 
dles a quantity of meat in excess of 
900,000 pounds a month, it can read- 
ily be seen that both the electric truck 
and the gasoline trucks are kept con- 
stantly busy. The electric truck com- 
mences work at 4:30 a m and is 
finished at about 2:00 p m. Be- 
sides doing heavy hauling the electric 
makes deliveries as far as One Hundred 
and Twenty-fifth Street, Manhattan, 
carrying eighteen wicker baskets in 
■which the meat is packed . The gasoline 
trucks are used for all long distance 
work It may be noted here that dur- 
ing the winter of 1920 when the snow- 



fall was so heavy that traffic was seri- 
ously impeded, one of the firm's three- 
and-one-half ton gasoline trucks be- 
came stuck in the drifts. The electric 
was sent to pull it out. Despite the 
fact that it was not equipped with anti- 
skid chains, the electric accomplished 
its task. 

It is sometimes stated that the elec- 
tric truck is not fast enough for city 
deliveries. As if to prove the con- 
trary, the Sayles-Zahn electric aver- 
ages twenty-five miles a day, and is 
capable of a speed of twelve miles an 
hour. While twenty-five miles a day 
is its average run it is called upon to go 
to Sixty-third Street , Brooklyn , twice a 
week and has often been as far as New- 
ark and return . The Newark trip is a 
matter of thirty-six miles. The long- 
est run the truck has made on one 
charge of the battery, is forty miles; 
there was still sufficient current left to 
carry it some miles further. Regard- 
ing the load capacity of thfs electric 
truck, Mr Zahn says that it regularly 
carries between three and four tons 
and it has carried 11 240 pounds. 

Ventilating Arrangements 

An unusual feature of this truck is 
the ventilating arrangement. At the 
top of the side panels, on each side, 
and flanking the sliding door, are two 
gratings. These openings allow free 
air circulation and aid materially in 
preserving the freshness of the meats. 

The electric truck of the Sayles- 
Zahn Company, although doing iden- 
tically the same work as the gasoline 
trucks , and doing it satisfactorily , has a 
yearly repair cost of less than one hun- 



15 



TKe EdiBon MontKly 



dred dollars. The truck is garaged at 
the Twenty-third Street Garage of the 
Elxide Battery Depots Company, Inc. 
During two hundred and forty possible 
working days the battery has never 
been out of service. Part of the busi- 
ness of this Company is the supplying 
of meats to clubs, hotels, restaurants 
and steamships. Many of the custom- 
ers are out of town, requiring shipment 
by train orsteamboat, and whenever a 
pier delivery is necessary the eleclric 
truck is used. This is a factor for 
economy because the truck consumes 
no fuel while standing in the line of 
vehicles at the docks. 

Up to the present the electric has 
performed its duties so well and has 
shown such a marked saving over the 
gasoline truck for city deliveries that 
the Sayles-Zahn Company has decided 
to add other electric trucks to its fleet 
to handle their increasing business. 



Electric Vehicle Men Hold Fin 
of a Series of Meeting:s 

At a meeting of transportation t 
gineers and automobile dealers, held Oi 
December 2nd , Mr James H McGra« 
President of The \ew York Electria 
League, declared that the time is conj 
ing when "the horse will quickly did 
appear from our streets and the gaafl 
line truck will have to fight hard 1 
maintain its existence." 

The meeting was held under 
auspices of the .\utomobile Bureau ( 
The \ew York Edison Company. 
44 West 27th Street, Mr Charles i 
Skinner, Jr, was the chairman 
other speakers were Mr Henry S Bal 
win, of the General Electric CompaiH 
who spoke on the technical aspects fl 
electric trucking, and Mr A Jaclc 
Marshall. Secretarv' of the Xationi 
Electric Light Association. 




TLe Edison Montkly 



Mr McGraw's paper, which was 
read by Mr William H Onken, was 
entitled, "Looking Forward to the Fu- 
ture of Electric Trucks.** It said in 
part: — 

'With a growing appreciation of the 
service achievements and possibilities 
of the electric truck, we are facing a 
new era. Henceforth we may look for 
a sane and consistent development 
with the electric truck occupying the 
field in which it is supreme, where its 
usefulness is practically unlimited and 
its possibilities greatest. That field is 
urban transportation, and the place 
where it is densest is right here in New 
York City. 

''While over half of the electric 
trucks of the country are being oper- 
ated in the New York district, it is 
significant as emphasizing the econ- 
omy and reliability of electrically-pro- 
pelled vehicles, that their use is also 
increasing greatly in cities like Chi- 
cago, Boston, Philadelphia, Cleveland 
and Detroit. Last year the increase 
in New York City alone was over 400 
per cent, and there seems to be no 
reason why that percentage should 
not only be increased but also main- 
tained for many years to come. 

"Where electric trucks are used 
there is relatively little confusion and 
congestion; they are self-starting, oc- 
cupy a minimum of space and possess 
marked ability in winding in and 
out of traffic. The ultimate solution 
of our congestion problem, granting 
proper regulation of traffic on the 
streets, is to be found in some sort of 
container delivery, whereby the truck 
will simply deposit the container with 
its load, and move on just as is now 
being done on a smaller scale with the 
storage battery tractors equipped with 



elevating platforms. The electric is 
the only type of vehicle which will 
permit of freight movement in this 
way and when once such a plan is car- 
ried out thereby insuring minimum- 
time consuming movements so far as 
trucking is concerned, the horse will 
quickly disappear from our streets and 
the gasoline truck will have to fight 
hard to maintain its existence in city 
delivery service.'* 

Mr Baldwin's paper, "The Applica- 
tion , Field and Economy of the Elec- 
tric Truck** covered very thoroughly 
the technical aspects of the subject. 
Mr Baldwin said: 

"It would be futile to attempt to 
compare the tremendous growth and 
production of the gas truck during the 
past fifteen years with that of the slow 
but steady growth of the electric 
truck. It is true that both are motor 
vehicles, and that they are used for the 
purpose of transporting merchandise 
through our streets and highways. The 
application of each form of motive 
power, however, to propel commercial 
trucks involves certain marked struc- 
tural differences which place each in a 
distinct and separate field of opera- 
tion.'* 

The December meeting inaugurated 
a series of monthly conferences planned 
for the coming winter. It was attend- 
ed by representatives of the following 
electric vehicle and accessory com- 
panies: WalterMotorTruckCompany , 
Ward Electric Vehicle Company, 
Walker Vehicle Company, Commer- 
cial Truck Company, O-B Company, 
Lansden Company, Baker R & L 
Corporation, the Exide, Philadel- 
phia and Edison Storage Battery 
Companies and The New York Edi- 
son Company. 



17 



Coffee, Now and Then 

WHEN the world lived in a time to devote to the little conven- 
more leisurely fashion indi- tiona considered so important a part of 
viduals toolc their pleasures gatheringsfortheexchangeof thought. 
in a ceremonious manner consistent And while wise men of far away 
with the times. Its men and women Arabia, Egypt, Abyssinia discussed 
did not hasten through breakfast and the momentous questions of the period 
on to the work of the day; their social it was the custom to spend much time 
eng£^ments were not crowded into over and give much attention to the 
the left over hours. There was more preparation and enjoyment of the bev- 
erage of the country, a thick, dark fluid 
made from the coffee berry. The sim- 
plicity of life in those days called for 
iplest of utensils in brewing this 
favorite drink. Its decoction required 
more than half an hour and sometimes 
the host performed this rite while hts 
guests looked on. 

These same studied and painstaking 
preparations are duplicated perfectly 
by modern craft. We are so used to 
considering our electric coffee perco- 
lator an entirely modern device, that 
it is somewhat surprising to learn that 
our breakfast drink is made in pre- 
cisely the same way that the Arab pre- 
pared it for his distinguished guests. 
Modern invention has provided a sub- 
stitutefor the slower mortar and pestle 
method of grinding coffee, and science 
has found a time saving alternative for 
the old fashioned and prolonged roast- 
ing and distilling process. 

Food and ilrink knowledge spread 
from nation to na- 
tion, even though 
travel was by cam- 
el or horse, and we 
discover that when 
efhcacy of the dark 
looking drink was 
understood by the 
Mollahs of Arabia, 




TUa ItaOlu Wnnilit- 



TKe Edison MontMy 



that country adopted 
the coffee drinking 
habit from Africa. At 
first the custom pre- 
vailed in those far 
eastern countries only 
among men of letters 
and the professions. 
They found brain 
stimulation in their 
draftof coffee. Those 
of tower station soon 
began to enjoy itsdej- 
icaie flavor and in- 
spiring effect, and per- 
sons traveling by 
night, to avoid the 
heat of the clay. ma<le a habit of drinli- 
ing coffee to keep their minds alert. 

All went well for some time and the 
coffee custom flourished. 7'he be\er- 
age was recognized a.s one possess- 
ing rare properties for "purifying the 
blood, dissipating the ill condition of 
the stomach and arousing the spirits," 
and then someone "discovered" that 
coffee possessed another and an evii 
property, that of intoxication. .And 
forthwith an active group of anti-cof- 
fee drinking men set about having the 
national beverage prohibited. Mat- 
ters apparently reached a climax when 
the chief priest of Egypt denounced 
the use of coffee in emphatic terms. 
The people of Cairo would not have 
been more perCurtjed even if they 
had been born several centuries later 
and faced the prohibitory Volstead 
Act. Theyraised a violent commotion. 
Sheik Obelek, governor of Cairo, and 
leader of the "wets" had a subtle an- 
swer ready for the anti-coffee crusad- 
ers. He invited them to gather at his 
palace and discuss the iniquity of the 
coffee berry. The governor listened 



with the patience of a 
perfect host to the ai^u- 

ments; then he offered 
each a cup of particular- 
ly line coffee prepared 
by his mostskillful coffee 
chef. The members of 
the prohibition party 
would have felt outraged 
if the aroma of the hot 
drink had not served to 
quiet their anger. They 




sipped the beverage and with each 
taste their protests grew weaker and 
weaker. The upshot of the governor's 
little coffee party was that the prohi- 
bitionists went away without further 
ado and coffee remained the favored 
drink in the houses of Cairo and else- 
where in Egypt. 

Coffee artists in those early days 
discovered three excellent ways of pre- 
paring the drink. The first was by in- 
fusion or drawing; the second, by de- 
coction or boiling, and the third, by 



TKe Edieoii Montkly 



filtration or distilling. A11 
three methods are used today. 
though the third, perhaps, 
is the most popular one. par- 
ticularly with those who em- 
ploy a percolator and who 
switdi on the electric current 
to perform the office of the an- 
cient charcoal burner. In 
olden days and even in Colo- 
' nial times a mortar 
and pestlewere used 
for pounding the 
coffee and either an 
earthen or copper 
pot for roasting. 
The process is the 
same used in the 
modem household 
where home roast- 
ing and grinding 
are preferred, but 
the grinding is now reduced to a few 
swift turns of an electric cutter. 

For comparative purposes visualize 
an Arab coffee making scene. Much 
formality attends the rite usually per- 
formed by a member of the Arab 
Chief's household. First he takes a 
porous earthenware pitcher, sets it 
upon a bed of hot ashes and leaves it 
until the moisture has entirely evapo- 
rated. When it is properly heated he 




Here is another coffee 
scene in an Arab household . 
You see bellows and glow- 
ing charcoal. The Arab 
selects a large metal coffee 
pot, fills it two-thirds full 
of \^'ater and sets it close to 
the edge of the charcoal 
where it slowly heats. Next 
he pours into a grass 
trencher three or 
four handfuls of 
roasted coffee .picks 
out the blackened 
berries, pours the 
good ones into an 
iron ladle and pro- 
ceeds to roast the 
coffee. The berries 
redden and crackle 
but he does not let 
them get black or 
bum . He takes them off the coals and 
leaves them to cool . 

It is now time to grind the coffee . He 
uses a stone mortar and long thin pes- 
tle with which he smashes the bernes, 
using care not to powder them. He 
pours the ground berries into the pot 
with the water and sets it on the fire 
to boil. He stirs the mixture with a 
smallstick, addingafewspices. When 
the coffee has boiled the Arab strains 



c Kept ■■ 



pours in the freshly roasted and finely it through palm bark fibre and serves 

powdered coffee, adds a bit of salt and it with the dignity of a king knighting 

lets the coffee heat through. After a subject. The romance and cere- 

that he pours boiling water over the mony which attended this ancient 

powdered berries and lets the pitcher method seem to lend traditional charm 

stand in the hot ashes until the coffee to the fragrant beverage which we 

settles on the bottom. draw from our modern percolator. 




Fth, 



ruaru 1 




1922 



VOLUMB 14 



CONTENTS 



NUMBBR 2 



>i. ♦ es<; 

The Edison Monthly p^. 

The Edison Directory - - - Inside Front Cover 

Bditoriala - - - ■ • - 22 

Song of a Street Lamp (Verse) - • • - 24 

"There's Music in the Air" • - • - -25 

Airplane Views of Edison Service - • • 29 

Trucking to Ships - - - . . - 30 

Elearics at the Auto Show - - - - 32 

On Watch (Photograph) - - - • - 33 

The Ball Is Up 34 

Solving a- Lighting Problem - - - - 36 

Brilliancy (Verse) .... - 37 

Modem Dairy Methods • - - - 38 

Edison District Offices with Map • - Inside Back Cover 



Camrlthl 1922. huThtN«t Yark Eillmi Cam 



The Ecliaon MontKly 



The Edison Monthly 

Published by 
The New York Edison Company 

CJeneral Offices 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

New york City 



N F Bkady. President 
Waltib Nbumullu. Secretary 
Fkbdbbick smith. Trentarer 



Who, in the contemplation of wire- 
less service a decade ago, would have 
ventured the prediction that the win- 
ter of 1 92 1 -1 922 would witness a 
widespread and growing use of radio 
as a means of providing entertainment 
and broadcasting news to vast audi- 
ences of non-expert operators. Yet 
that is what is taking place. 

After the principles of wireless teleg- 
raphy had been applied to the tele- 
phone, use of the apparatus was no 
longer restricted to those proficient 
in the telegraphic code, or to those 
desirous of learning it; the ether was 
filled with messages which needed 
no interpretation, and of sounds 
pleasant to hear. All that one re- 
quired was a receiving set, and an 
evening's entertainment and the 
news of the day could be picked from 
the air. 

With the war-time restrictions on the 
use of radio removed popular interest 
in the wireless telephone took a big 
jump last July when reports of the 
Dempsey-Carpentier fight were broad- 
casted from the arena in Jersey City 
to wireless receiving stations all over 
the eastern part of the country' . In- 
terest was still further increased with 
the broadcasting of special musical 
programs and baseball bulletins from 
the New York Electrical Show last 
October, and recently the manufac- 



turers of radio apparatus announced 
permanent broadcasting services. 

A typical program of one of the 
broadcasting stations consists of 
hourly news bulletins given right 
through the day, bedtime stories for 
the children, concerts by artists whose 
names are known throughout the 
music -loving world, addresses or 
lectures by men of affairs , and a special 
service regarding sporting and similar 
events. 

Thus, wireless telephony, starting 
as a fad a few years ago, has become 
an accepted feature of home life. 



The seventy-fifth anniversary of 
the birth of Thomas A Edison and 
the fortieth anniversary of the begin- 
ning of Edison Serxice in New York 
both occur this year. On Februar>'' 
1 1 Mr Edison will celebrate his birth- 
day; in September the electrical in- 
dustry will observe the anniversary 
of the beginning of the present system 
of electrical generation and distribu- 
tion. 

Central Station Ser\ice, of which 
Edison Ser\'ice may be said to be 
typical, had its beginning in an old 
brick warehouse at 257 Pearl Street 
which had been remodeled to meet 
the requirements of an electric genera- 
ting station. The plans for this sta- 
tion , as well as those for the distribu- 
tion system which it supplied, were 
conceived by Mr Edison and execu- 
ted under his direction. W^ork was 
carried on during the spring and sum- 
mer of 1882 and the system, supply- 
ing a square mile of territory, was 
placed in operation on September 4 
of that year. Thus the history of 
Central Station Service, and particu- 



22 



TKe Edi8on Montkly 



larly of its beginnings, is a story of 
the early work of Mr Edison and 
lends added interest to the fact that 
his diamond birthday and the emerald 
anniversary occur but a few months 
apart. 



A message from Washington saying 
that President Harding, in accordance 
with an old-time custom, was plan- 
ing to place lighted candles in the 
windows of the White House was fol- 
lowed almost immediately by another 
message which stated that he had 
decided to forego the custom. The 
two news items appeared in the papers 
on succeeding days. 

Back of the President's decision is 
an interesting story of the efforts of 
the Underwriters' Laboratories to pre- 
vent the use of the dangerous open- 
flame candle for Christmas decora- 
tions. As soon as the underwriters 
learned of the plan to place candles 
in the White House windows a message 
was sent to Washington pointing out 
the danger, and especially the danger 
in the example that would thus be set 
for other homes — homes where pro- 
tective measures undoubtedly would 
be less adequate. 

Fortunately for those who cherish 
the old-time customs the requirements 
of safety do not mean that windows 
must be darkened during the holiday 
season. The miniature electric light 
which has made the Christmas tree 
safe is just as adaptable to the holly 
wreath; in fact, many windows were 
observed during the holidays in which 
the tiny red bulbs gave an air of warmth 
and holiday cheer to the greens. In- 
quiry revealed that tree-lighting out- 
fits had been wired to each wreath, 



the usual eight lamps which make up 
such a series proving ample for even 
the largest . Where two small wreaths 
were used in adjoining windows, the 
series was divided so that four lamps 
were available for each wreath, a 
connecting wire reaching between the 
windows to maintain the series circuit. 
Aside from its danger the lighted 
candle in the window was undoubtedly 
a picturesque Christmas decoration; 
electric lights on the holly wreath are 
just as picturesque and the element 
of danger is entirely done away with. 



That the Philadelphia Museum was 
to be brilliantly illuminated every 
evening, and that there would be 
demonstrations which included chem- 
ical and electrical experiments was a 
matter of considerable importance to 
Philadelphians one hundred years ago. 
As Poulson's Advertiser, on Dec 17, 
1821, announced: — 

*The publick are respectively in- 
formed that the Philadelphia Museum 
will be brilliantly illuminated every 
evening for two weeks at early candle- 
light, and a great variety of pleasing 
and useful objects will be exhibited 
at 8 o'clock each evening, such as the 
Astronomical Demonstrations, and 
a variety of Grotesque Figures with 
the Magic Lantern. Demonstrations 
showing the pressure and elasticity of 
the Atmosphere, etc, with the Air 
Pumps, Experiments in Chemistry 
and Electricity, etc. 

'*The Museum has lately undergone 
vast improvements, with late addi- 
tions, and kept always comfortably 
warmed for the reception of visitors, 
from sunrise until 10 at night. Admit- 
tance: 25 cents, children, half price." 



23 



"There's Music in the Air" 



THERE are between 250,000 and 
300,000 amateur operators of 
wireless stations in the United 
States. Without exception these sta- 
tions were placed in service after the 
government lifted the war-time ban 
on indulgence in wireless by any but 
government operators. Popular inter- 
est in radio is still growing. Since 
early in the holiday season the demand 
for receiving sets has been so great 
that manufacturers have not yet 
caught up with their orders. 

The tremendous popularity of wire- 
less, either as a technical hobby or as a 
form of general entertainment, is en- 
tirely due to the application of the 
principles of wireless telegraphy to the 
telephone. In the days when listen- 
ing in at a wireless receiving station 
brought nothing to the untrained ear 
but a meaningless jumble of harsh 
sounds (an operator, of course, would 
recognize the noise as perfectly good 
telegraphic code) there was little to 
induce the laymen to adopt radio 
study as a hobby. Boy scouts took it 
up, and those who were interested in 
technical matters and had learned the 
code found it an intensely interesting 
pastime. 

Wireless Available to Everyone 

Now, in the development of the 
wireless telephone, the fascination of 
radio is available to everyone. No 
technical training is required to install 
and operate a receiving set and no 
deciphering need be done to under- 
stand the messages which may be 
picked from the ether. Of all the 
stations in the United States, about 



185,000, according to Mr J Andrew 
White, president of the National Ama- 
teur Association, are east of the Mis- 
sissippi River. There are 25,000 in 
New York City and a very large per- 
centage of the total are in suburban 
or rural homes where very often they 
afford the only pastime. 

What a wireless receiving set means 
to an isolated dw^elling is very elo- 
quently set forth in a letter received 
recently at Association headquarters 
from a Canadian mine superintendent. 
He is stationed ten miles north of 
Three Rivers in the Province of Que- 
bec and his three sons, who are scouts, 
are with him. He writes, "We listened 
to your program for the first time 
Friday night and enjoyed it very 
much. Everthing was perfectly clear 
and you can hardly realize what it 
means to us here during the long 
Canadian winters." 

Not only does the wireless telephone 
bring entertainment to the lonely 
dwelling but it brings gayety and life 
to the homes of young people. Wit- 
ness the letter from Connellsville^ 
We were dancing with you last week. 
Keep up the good work." There were 
doubtless thousands of other couples 
all over the country dancing to the 
same music. While a great many pre- 
fer jazz, there are others who would 
like to have opera exclusively; still 
others ask for a varied program. Of 
these a doctor in Brooksville, Pa, is 
typical. He says, **I want to thank 
you for the pleasure your broadcasting 
of music, etc, has given my family and 
myself, including also a great number 
of friends. I received your first con- 



25 



TKe Edison Montkly 



cert and have nui 
missed one since. I 
enjoy the dance and 
orchestra music 
beit, although the 
operas are fine. It 
is certainly fine for 
people who are in 
the country and 
not able to see the 
different operas to 
be able lo hear the 
music and have a 
complete descrip- 
tion of the opera 
given them at the same time. 

Perhaps the greatest thrill of all is 
that which comes to ilie operator as 
he listens to his first concert over his 
own outfit. Certainly there could Le 
no greater thrill than that of the buy 
in Green Bay, Wisconsin. His enjoy- 
ment of the program was only tem- 
pered by his impatience to learn its 
source. "When, at the end of the 
program, the speaker said 'Roselle 
Park', I nearly dropped dead as I never 





expected to hear music from that far, 
let alone the fact that this was my I 
first attempt at radiophone." 

Alive to this growing interest on J 
the part of amateurs, manufacturers \ 
are developing sets which are remark- 
ably simple, so simple in fact that 1 
ihey can be set up with no other help I 
than the printed directions which ac- ( 
company each outfit. It is the manu- 
facturers also who are arranging the 
broadcasting services and assuring op- j 
crators that they i 
can depend on find- 
i n g something i n 
the air at stated j 
intervals. Perma- 
nent broadcasting 1 
stations have been ' 
established at Bos- | 
ion, Newark. Pitts- 
burgh andChicago. 
There are two 
!:itations inNewark. 
One is the W D Y ' 
■studio of the Radio 
Torporation of 
America, and the j 
other is the W J Z 
station of the West- J 



I 



inghouse Electric and Manufacturing 
Company which is operated in con- 
junction with the Newark Call. 

A typical W J Z program includes 
musical selections at stated hours dur- 
ing the day, bedtime stories for the 
little folks, stock market reports, 
weather reports, business letters, 
special music, a daily news summary 
and Arlington time signals. The W 
D Y service is given only in the eve- 
ning and it consists, in addition to 
news reports, of a musical program 
made up of operatic airs, concert 
numbers, popular songs and dance 
music. 

In addition to these broadcasting 
stations there are approximately 1500 
amateur transmitting stations. For a 
receiving station no operating license 
is required, but for transmitting the 
government issues apermit and assigns 
a station call number. The applicant 
must know the continental code and 
be able to receive and transmit a cer- 
tain number of words a minute. 

There is something very fascin- 
ating in listening to music and speech 
just picked out of 
the air by a strand 
of copper wire one 
end of which is 
fastened to your 
chimney or to the 
big tree in the yard 
and the other to 
the compact radio- 
phone in the liv- 
ing room! Within 
a couple of hours 
after the set has 
been delivered to 
your house you 
can be listening In. 
Besides the regu- 



lar programs one can hear conversa- 
tions carried on between owners of 
transmitting sets. This listening in is 
not considered as eavesdropping for 
the airisfreeto all. A storage battery 
supplies the necessary current for the 
operation of the phone. 

The uses that may be made of the 
wireless telephone are almost without 
limit. One cannot calculate the com- 
fort it would prove to a bed-ridden 
invalid whose only contact with the 
outside world had been through the 
newspapers and the occasional visits of 
friends; or to others who like the mine 
superintendents will get their evening 
entertainment, church services on 
Sunday, and news throughout the 
day. 

The broadcasting of news of special 
timeliness is also proving a valuable 
service to amateurs. The voices of 
opera singers are being transmitted 
from the Chicago Opera House and it 
may not be long now, in view of trans- 
oceanic development, before we can 
pick up our head pieces and listen to 
opera from Milan. Paris, or Madrid. 




Airplane View^s of Edison Service 



THE administrative centre of 
New York City, the newspaper 
district, the grocery district, 
the dry goods district and a part of the 
North River water front offer an in- 
teresting picture of city life to the 
traveler whose airplane approaches 
lower Manhattan from Brooklyn. 

The view, as the photograph taken 
by Major Hamilton Maxwell shows, is 
dominated by the huge bulk of the 
Municipal Building. The terminus of 
the Third Avenue L is in the fore- 
ground and the excavation for the new 
court house can be seen at the right. 
With the exception of City Hall Park 
there are a few open spaces in this im- 
portant section of the city — its build- 
ings range from the forty-story Mu- 
nicipal Building to the three- and four- 
story warehouses of the wholesale dis- 
tricts. As in the Battery Park Sec- 
tion, pictured in the January Edison 
Monthly there are many fine build- 
ings which have a common interest in 
the fact that they secure their elec- 
trical supply from The New York Ed- 
ison Company. 

Newspapers and Printers 

Of these, the largest is the Munici- 
pal Building. The Pulitzer Building, 
famous skyscraper of an earlier day, 
abandoned its private generating plant 
in favor of Edison Service more than 
a decade ago. The building at 150 
Nassau Street, formerly occupied by 
the Sun, the Stewart Building at 280 
Broadway now owned by the Sun and 
Herald and the Evening Mail on City 
Hall Place are all served by The New 
York Edison Company. The Hallen- 



back Building at 495 Pearl Street, the 
Rhinelander Building at Duane, Wil- 
liam, and Rose Streets and the Black 
Building at William and Frankfort 
Streets have among their tenants some 
of the leading printing establishments 
of the city. The Rhinelander Building 
is the home of the Hearst publications. 
Just to the south of this printing dis- 
trict is the interesting building of the 
New York Press Club on Spruce Street. 

To the south of City Hall Park is 
the old Post Office. To the north are 
the old Stewart Building, the Emi- 
grants Industrial Savings Bank and 
the M B Brown Printing and Binding 
Company. These three buildings run- 
ning through from Chambers to Reade 
Street make a solid block of Edison 
Service. The Chemical National Bank 
at Broadway and Chambers Street 
and the Central Syndicate Building at 
320 Broadway are typical of the Broad- 
way office buildings which use Edison 
Serv'ice. North and east of these are 
the smaller buildings of the wholesale 
dry goods district. The grocery dis- 
trict, with Hudson Street as its main 
artery, has many fine Edison-served 
buildings. 

To the west of the picture may be 
seen a small section of the North River 
water front. Electricity finds impor- 
tant uses here in the moving of freight. 
Manypiers are equipped with electrical 
machinery for handling bales and 
packing cases, and electric industrial 
trucks and tractors are used on almost 
every dock. In the heavy traffic of West 
Street are to be seen big electric trucks 
representing almost every branch of 
the city's commerce and industry. 



29 



Trucking to Ships 



IN a business in which o\er six ihnu- 
sand separate articles are handled 
and must be picked up from the man- 
ufacturers and brought to ships lying 
at the various wharves and docks along 
the river fronts, transportation is a 
highly important factor. That the M 
K Bowman-Eldson Company makes 
all its pick-ups and deliveries with 
electric trucks is conclusive proof of 
the reliability of the storage battery 
vehicle and the dependability of its 
service. The Bowman-Edson Com- 
pany, with offices and stockrooms at 
65-67 Dey Street, has supplied New 
York shipping since 1867. furnishing 



all the miscellany of material called|l| 
for in the outfitting of vessels. 

For many years the delivery wort 
of the company was done with horses J 
but finally, four years ago, compara<J^ 
tive data pointed to the electric true] 
as being more economical. Accord' 
ingly two vehicles were purchased to^ 
take the places of four horse-drawn 
wagons. As the volume of businei 
increased the delivery fleet was gradu- 
ally enlarged until now there are four J 
electrics ranging from the one thou-' 
sand-pound wagon to the three-andJ 
one-half-ton truck. One gasoline truclq 
was also purchased but was discardet 



m-^.^ 



L 



LC four E Ice trie Tru> 



I 



Tke Edison MontUy 



Summary of Truck Operations 1920-1921 

Number of Trucks : One 1000 pounds, two 4000 pounds, one 7000 pounds 

1000 Fount/ Truck : Current consumption per month 1310 ampere hrs. 

Miles per month 436. 1 

Ampere hours consumption per mile 3 

4000 Fount/ Trucks : Current consumption per month (average) 1800 ampere hrs. 

Miles per month (average) 387 miles 

Cost per day (including all possible charges) $12.28 

Miles per day (average) 14. 9 

Cost per mile (low mileage) $0.82 

Ampere hours consumption per mile 4. 6 

7000 Fount/ Truck : Current consumption per month 3070 ampere hrs. 

Miles per month 441.7 miles 

Cost per day (including all possible charges) $13.49 

Miles per day 19.4 

Cost per mile $0. 69 

Ampere hours consumption per mile 6.9 



An Interesting Performance Sheet Covering Two Years of Electric Truck Operation 



after its operating cost had been com- 
pared with that of the electrics. 

In connection with the delivery of 
materials to vessels it is interesting to 
note that the three-and-one-half-ton 
electric truck is used for runs as far as 
Edgewater and Bayonne, New Jersey, 
and has covered distances of forty 
miles on a single charge of the battery. 
From November i , 1920, to November 
1 , 1921 , this truck averaged 19.4 miles 
a day at a total operating cost of 69c 
a mile. This included every item of 
expense — wages, depreciation on truck 
and battery, and garaging. 

In speaking of the service rendered 
by electric trucks, Mr Marmont Ed- 
son, treasurer of the company, says, 
''It is an unfailing delivery service of 
this kind which has greatly assisted 
the growth of our business." He 
also adds, ''Our electric trucks are 
more economical and better for us in 
every way than either gas cars or 
horses." 

The one thousand-pound electric of 
this company is used in the pick up 
and delivery of small hardware, while 



the larger trucks handle the heavy 
haulage. A typical month shows that 
one of the two-ton trucks travelled 387 
miles with a current consumption of 
only 1,800 ampere hours. 

One two-ton truck and the one thou- 
sand-pound wagon, which are equipped 
with Ironclad Exide batteries, are 
kept at the Exide Garage at Spring 
and Clarke Streets. The other two- 
ton truck and the three-and-one-half- 
ton truck, which are equipped with 
Edison batteries, are maintained at 
the 35th Street Garage of the Edison 
Storage Battery Company. Electric 
trucks of the two-ton size cost only 
$12.28 a day and travel an average of 
14.9 miles a day. The delivery radius 
includes the North and East River 
fronts, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Jer- 
sey City, Hoboken, Edgewater and 
Bayonne. 

Everything, from toothpicks to 
heavy metal machinery and fittings, is 
handled by this concern which is in 
constant touch with more than fifteen 
hundred manufacturers and markets. 
Articles not carried in stock by the 



31 



Tke Edi0on Monthly 



Bowman-Edson Company are secured 
by them from manufacturers, agents 
or jobbers and the electric trucks are 
called on to deliver the materials to 
the various ships from which the orders 
have come. During tibe war the Bow- 
man-Edson Company, by means of its 
electric trucks, was able to fill all gov- 
ernment orders, and the first eleven 

■ 

patrol boats sent to European waters 
were completely outfitted by them, as 
well as several ex-German liners at 
the Port of Embarkation. 

The delivery system of the Bow- 
man-Edson Company is "all electric", 
and after four years of experience the 
Company is convinced that no other 
mode of transportation could give the 
same consistently prompt and reliable 
service. 

Electrics at the Auto Show 

With a 1, 600 per cent increase in 
the number of electric trucks sold in 
New York last year over 191 9, it is 
reasonable for us to anticipate a grow- 
ing popularity for the electric type of 
passenger car in this city,'* declares R 
W Stanley, vice president and general 
manager of Rauch & Lang, Inc. 

"The great increase in business re- 
corded here by electric truck manu- 
facturers took place at a time when 
other types of trucks recorded losses 
over the same period. Such a fact is a 
pretty sure index to my mind that cor- 
porations have been actuated by mo- 
tives of economy in their motor truck 
purchasing. Not economy of first 
cost, but economy figured on a basis of 
ten years — the average useful life of 
electric car equipment. 

''Nowadays sentiment is ruled out 
of business. To my mind the time has 
come when the individual in his pur- 



chase of motor car equipment for per- 
sonal use realizes that the chief thing 
connected with his purchase is trana- 
portation. Then comes the thought p 
'Does he want to buy it on a basis of 
two, five or ten year replacement?' 
Isn't it sensible to suppose that if he 
can buy it on a basis of ten years and 
definitely figure his depreciation on 
that basis the ten year car is his log-^ 
ical purchase? That's what the big 
motor truck fleet buyers are doing j 
Why not apply the same rule to indi-t 
vidual purchases for personal use? 

"Such are the thoughts which give 
courage to the manufacturer of the 
electric automobile. He has always 
had to study and practice curtailed 
production. Why? Simply because he 
knows that when he sells a new car to 
a man that man in the majority of 
cases will not under any circumstanoes 
consider a new car for several years* 
The owners and users of electric auto- 
mobiles to-day are quiet people of 
means who discriminate when theyr 
buy. Naturally, they own gas cars 
too but they recognize that as an aux- 
iliary car the electric is incomparable. 
Nothing matches it in the city and 
suburbs for economy, long life, con- 
tinuous service and practical useful- 
ness for every member of the family. 

"The electric is not especially p>opu- 
lar with chauffeurs and it is seldom 
used by persons who let their chauf- 
feurs arbitrarily determine for them 
their motor car selections. But the 
widespread and growing popularity of 
things electrical, the public conscious- 
ness that an electric appliance, whether 
it be an iron, washing machine, fan, 
toaster or what not, is the most reli- 
able servant in his home is directly aid- 
ing the sale of the electric motor car.*' 



32 





than seven months of the year. 
Swimming togs are hardly packed 
away before the Red Ball appears 
announcing that the ice is ready at 
the indoor rinks. And from that 
time on although the mercury may 
often climb abo\'e the 60 or 70 mark 
there is no interruption to ice racing, 
hockey matches or general skating 



Artificial refrigeration provides the 
ice, and electrical devices keep the 



ways in maintaining the ice surface^ 
After each skating session the surfat 
is scraped, and with the removal t 
the snow, the roughened ice is sprayo 
with water. This new water freez« 
very quickly and a perfectly smooth 
sheet of ice is ready for the 
session. 

The scraper at Iceland is draw 
over the ice by a tractor which i 
sists of a rebuilt Ford chassis, u 
which has been installed a seven-j 



Tke Edison Montkly 



one-half horsepower motor. This 
motor is geared to the driving wheels 
and power is secured through a 
seventy-foot cable, connected with 
an outlet in the overhead girders. 
This long cable permits the tractor 
and scraper to cover every part of 
the huge skating surface; the cable 
arrangement is on the principle of 



ened to the rear wheels, insure trac- 
tion on the slippery surface. 

After each session the machine pulls 
a long steel knife across the ice and 
scrapes the surface. Then, as at Ice- 
land, the hose is turned on and after 
a short freezing period the ice is ready 
for the next skating session. For the 
purpose of charging the batteries a 




the cord for the household vacuum 
cleaner. In service for the past six 
years, the electric motor has never 
yet failed of its purpose and this 
most unusual of electric "industrial 
trucks" is still on the job. 

At the i8ist Street Ice Palace a 
novel adaptation of electricity is 
found . A Detroit electric passenger car 
has been secured and several Exide 
Battery cells added to those already 
in the car; heavily studded tires fast- 



General Electric Company charging 
board is used in connection with a 
mercury arc rectifier. 

It is a big advantage for the owners 
to be able to garage this car right on 
the premises and to be able to charge 
it there as well. Already in its 
fourth year of service, this remodeled 
passenger car is proving entirely satis- 
factory and goes to show the number 
of varied uses to which electric trucks 
and passenger cars can be put. 



Solving a Lighting Problem 



SEVERAL nuinihs agu wIidi ihe 
Rainier Motor Corporation 
moved into new quarters, at 235 
West 50thStreet,aratlier puzzling and 
serious problem was presented by the 
lighting equipment already installed. 
Motor trucks were to be displayed in 
the showroom on the main floor, but 
the ceiling was low and the truck bod- 
ies were of such great height that it 
was impossible to place them under 
the fixtures. It was decided to change 
the lighting system, and the Bureau 
of Illuminating Engineering of The 
New York Edison Company was called 
upon for advice. After careful consid- 
eration of the conditions involved, a 
system, unusual in many ways, was 
decided upon. The Rainier Motor 



Company has found the new installa.4 
tion entirely satisfactory. 

The arrangement is unique and haj 
brought forth many favorable core 
ments from visitors. Twenty tinitl 
have been installed flush with the ceitj 
ing, permitting the moving of truck 
without danger of collision with anfl^ 
pendant fixtures. Each ceiling umtl 
resembles, somewhat, a porthole. The'l 
covering is of French plate glass, 
ground in such a way as to allow for 
the passage of light through it with the 
maximum amount of diffusion, 
less pains were taken in the prepare 
lion of this glass and it was not unti 
after two failures that a glass 
factory to the illuminating enginei 
found. 




Tke Eclidon Montkly 



When the "porthole" is opened a 
two-hundred-watt lamp is revealed in 
a socket between the beams of the 
ceiling and the floor above. There is 
also a standard reflector of the corru- 
gated, silvered glass type. Both lamp 
filament and reflector are arranged so 
that when the glass cover is in place 
the light rays are evenly projected 
through it and properly diffused. It is 
especially noticeable that there are no 
bright spots and no shadows, for the 
light is evenly distributed so that there 
is practically as great an intensity of 
light half way between two fixtures as 
there is directly under them. 

The whole fixture is contained in a 
metal casing which, in turn, is care- 
fully protected with an asbestos lining. 
This arrangement, with an especially 
developed ventilating system, meets 
all the requirements of fire-and-build- 
ing laws and regulations, and was ap- 
proved by the fire authorities. Along 
with the planning of the ventilating 
system there had to be taken into 
consideration the designing of air in- 
lets in order to remove the dust that 
might filter in from the garage floor 
threatening to dim the light. 

Besides drawing up the plans for 
this lighting system and supervising 
the installation, the engineer of The 
New York Edison Company advised 
what decorating scheme should be 
used for the walls and ceiling and drew 
up plans for lighting the show window 
and the two floors above. 

It is a recognized fact that too much 
stress cannot be laid on the impor- 
tance of the correct application of color 
to decorating. Since color absorbs 
light it is apparent that a study should 
be made of the color mixtures to be 
used , so that the room may obtain the 



best effects from the coloring as well 
as from the lighting that is to be em- 
ployed. The showroom walls of the 
Rainier Motor Corporation are done 
in gray produced by a very careful 
mixing of color pigments in which, 
contrary to the usual procedure, lamp 
black is not used. 

The window in which cars are placed 
for exhibition purposes contains ten 
high-powered lamps in corrugated, sil- 
ver-surfaced angle type reflectors that 
give an even distribution of light over 
the whole floor of the window. De- 
pending upon the color of the cars on 
display colored gelatin screens are in- 
serted over the opening of the reflec- 
tors. Amber and blue are used more 
than any other color, since these two 
colors may be blended to obtain a va- 
riety of tones. On the second and third 
floors commercially enclosed lighting 
units were installed. 

The system has been in use since 
last June and has given absolute sat- 
isfaction. It shows that there is every 
reason why, when special cases arise 
where difficulties are met, problems 
should be solved instead of being al- 
lowed to go uncorrected . Special light- 
ing cases demand special attention 
and lighting engineers are capable of 
giving that attention. 

Brilliancy 

If people would be up-to-date 

And sparkle repartee, 
It' s plain that they must know the words, 

The language gives us free. 
Quick! Find a rhyme for Light and 
Briiht 

(No, not as good as mine.) 
You may be right but also trite, 

Mine's An Electric Sgn. 

— Wanda Mo9n 



37 



Modem Dairy Methods 



DIRECTING pen to the subject 
of the cow in the pasture and 
what science has been able to 
do to improve the relation which that 
most valuable domestic animal bears 
to the milk in the bottle, the but- 
ter in the crock, the cheese in the 
case and the cream in the coffee as 
well as in the various iced forms, 
one discovers facts which are vitally 
interesting. 

As the locomotive was destined to 
become the successor to the lumbering 
stagecoach, so it was inevitable that a 
way should be found to eliminate the 
obvious crudities of the early method 
of handling the products of the milk 
herds. It was an occasion for the in- 
ventor. The field had long been ripe 
for his genius. How well he succeeded 
may be judged by the extent to which 
mechanical equipment is used in the 
large dairies today^milking machines 
have replaced the dairy-maid, centri- 
fugal separators have displaced crude 



methods, and scientific processes in- 
sure cleanliness and purity. 

In the Holstein District — a noble 
breed of cattle bears the name — the 
practice of placing milk in shallow 
pans or vats and skimming the cream 
therefrom with flat wooden spoons 
had shown no deviation since the 13th 
century. In Germany as late as 1871 
milk for cheese was soured by means of 
steam heat directed into a tub, at- 
tended by robust milk maids. Other 
antiquated methods were still in vogue 
in various sections with respect to but- 
ter making. 

In the seventies the attention of a 
young and ambitious Swedish engi- 
neer, Carl Gustaf Patrik De LaVal, 
was directed to experiments looking 
to a means for separating the cream 
from milk by a mechanical process. 
That was the beginning. 

Having noted attempts to apply 
centrifugal motion to the separation 
of sugarcane juices, De LaVal ac- 




Tbc Steam Method of Eip«Utiii( the Sourlnc oT MUk for Cb«ie-maUng in UK in 18TI 



TKe Edison MontMy 



cepted the principle. He worked on it 
for years, and in 1878 the original sep- 
arator was given its official test. It 
operated finely. It discharged the 
cream and skim milk separately while 
the milk was being fed into the 
machine. It became 
the first step in mod- 
ern methods and prac- 
tice. It made for ef- 
ficiency and economy, 
time saving and a ma- 
terial enlargement of 
revenue. 

Theseparatoriscom- 
posed of a series of 
sloping conical discs 
placed one above the 
other and spaced 
slightly apart by thin 

.1 i_ I J i_ Thia Method 01 I 

ribs much as would be 
the case if the bottoms 
were cut out of a lot of deep sloping 
pans and they were piled one on top 
of another in a pail. Fed into the 
centre of the receiving bowl, the milk 
passes outward as the machine re- 
volves. The speed of operation makes 
the separation of the water and cream 
components almost instantaneous. 

The first separator was run by hand, 
but the dairy business, growing ever 
larger and more important, power ma- 
chinery became necessary. Thus the 
electric motor, thanks to the increas- 
ing distribution of electric power 
throughout the country, became im- 
mediately available. 

Except on the smaller farms where 
there are a few cows, the mechanical 
milker is an accepted addition to the 
dairyman's establishment. It has 
made possible doing business on a 
large scale. Motor operated, a milker 
does the work of three men and be- 



cause of the completeness of its opera- 
tion adds an estimated $10 tothe yearly 
milk value of each cow. Throughout 
the entire country the total of these 
figures is placed at $200,000,000, a 
sum which seems almost fabulous. 




In the advancing movement for 
betterments in the dairy still another 
appliance has been generally accepted 
by the more up-to-date establish- 
ments. This is the clarifier. This ma- 
chine, simple of construction and 
amazingly speedy in Operation, re- 
moves impurities by centrifugal force 
but does it in such a way that the 
cream is not separated. It remains 
raw milk but with the solid im- 
purities extracted. Pasturization 
follows clarification. One removes 
impurities and the other destroys the 
bacteria. 

The marketing of milk and the 
products which find their basis in 
milk was once as slipshod as the 
way of handlingwas imperfect. Arad- 
ical and most acceptable change was 
brought about when the authorities of 
our municipalities, coordinating their 
efforts with the representative men of 



Etiison Monthly 







the dairy regions and the organized 
agencies of distribution, set them- 
selves to the task of establishing 
standards all along the line. No 
product which comes to the consumer 
is now more thoroughly safeguarded 
than milk. 

The Metropolitan district, which is 
undoubtedly the largest user of dairy 
products in the world , holds a deserv- 
edly high place in all matters having 



to do with preserving the integrity of 
this essential. Millions of bottles of 
milk and cream, the daily require- 
ments of the city, conform to the rigid 
regulations of the Department of 
Health. In maintaining this high 
standard the great distributing con- 
cerns and the dairymen are alike de- 
pendent upon the mechanical aids 
which have been the outgrowth of the 
early De LaVal idea. 




i?! 



Tkc Edii 



The Edison Monthly 

Published by 
The New York Edison Company 

Qenerdl OSiccs 

living Place and Fifteenth Street 

New York City 




Clavilux 13 a most interesting experi- 
ment, puzzling perhaps to the more 
hard-shelled and practical among us 
whose minds are filled with the clatter, 
clanging, hurry, and rush of twentieth 
century business, but fascinating to 
those who give free rein to their imagi- 
nation. 



"The color organ has not caught our 
fancy enough as yet to make us intent 
upon seeing it," says Mr Heywood 
Broun of The World, "but we should 
like to have known the curious combi- 
nations devised by a monk of the mid- 
dle ages who invented a taste sym- 
phony. He played ic in the cellar. 
Brandies were the brass and burgun- 
dies the woodwinds. Nobody knows, 
we believe, what tunes he played. 
'Coming Through the Rye,' perhaps. 
By the bye, that particular song seems 
to be falling into disfavor in these dry 
days. There are those for whom it 
goes against the grain." All of which 
is quite characteristic of Mr Broun, 
but it is a pity the color organ did not 
catch his fancy, especially as it bears 
such a very distinct relationship to the 
stage and a possible future develop- 
ment in scenic effects. 

Here is a mechanical device so clev- 
erly and skillfully devised that the 
effects it produces, by means of elec- 
Iricity, seem to belong to another 
world — a new world of dreams and im- 
agination. This striking and wonder- 
ful example of mechanics is actually 
contributing to the world a new art. 

Mr Thomas Wilfred, the inventor 
of this very remarkable instrument 
claims a future for it which, if it is real- 
ized, will probably revolutionize the 
art of stage decoration. Atprcsentthe 



When the electric delivery wagon — 
the light vehicle of 750 or 1000 pounds 
capacity — comes into general use by 
the neighborhood merchant, the horse 
will have been driven from his last 
stronghold in city delivery service. 
The corner grocer, the butcher, and 
the vegetable dealer still use horses in 
large numbers. One wagon and a 
horse have long seemed ample for the 
needs of the limited territory served 
by local merchants. 

However, a start in the electrifica- 
tion of local delivery service has been 
made and in view of the fact that the 
electric has always made good wher- 
ever it has been properly installed, it 
is not too much to say that the near 
future will see a rapid increase In the 
use of the storage battery vehicle in 
this class of work. 

One of the most recent installations 
of electrics for market deliveries is 
that of the Acker, Merrall and Condit 
Company. For many years this firm 
has used electric trucks for service be- 
tween the warehouse and the various 
retail stores throughout the city, but 
for customer delivery the horse has 
been retained. Recently three 750- 
pound wagons were added to the 
motor vehicle fleet and assigned to 
retail shops serving customers in the 
Harlem territory. Their period of 
service has been too brief tomakeaccu- 



Tbe Edison MontUy 



rate comparisons possible at this time, 
but the service they have rendered has 
been so highly satisfactory that their 
use is bound to be extended. **We are 
seriously considering the replacement 
of all our horses by light electrics of 
this type/* says a member of the firm. 

The bachelor of other days had his 
various housekeeping and personal 
problems, not the least of which con- 
cerned itself with buttons. Shirt but- 
tons, suspender buttons, glove but- 
tons or coat buttons — if it was not one 
it was the other that had to be re- 
placed. And now science, as repre- 
sented bv the electrician, has added 
another button to the bachelor classi- 
fication — the push button. But 
whereas the first group of buttons 
formed a source of constant trouble 
and annoyance, the second goes far 
toward making bachelorhood the to- 
be-envied Utopia that the bachelor's 
married brothers think it is. 

Just as it helps the wife of the bach- 
elor's more fortunate friend and the 
bachelor's sister in solitude, the bach- 
elor-maid, in the accomplishment of 
their household tasks, so the push 
button helps the bachelor in his singu- 
lar housekeeping. As pointed out 
elsewhere in this issue, the push but- 
ton has become a veritable valet in the 
home of the bachelor — lighting his 
den, preparing his shave, cooking his 
meals, caring for his health, and in 
general making bachelorhood so com- 
fortable an institution that it is to be 
feared nothing can lure him from it. 

As in former years the annual report 
of the New York Board of Fire Under- 



writers discloses '^carelessness" as the 
principal cause of the electrical fires 
which occurred in New York during 
1 92 1. Careless use of appliances, 
careless work in installing, and care- 
lessness in exposing inflammable ma- 
terials to contact with electrical sparks 
are responsible for the largest part of 
the 275 fires of electrical origin. The 
total fire loss in the electrical group 
was $222,024.76; of this total $174.- 
209.29 is, in the words of the Under- 
writers, ''directly chargeable to new 
electrical equipments or alterations 
and extensions made to original equip- 
ments without the knowledge or ap- 
proval of this Department,*' There 
were seventy-eight fires caused by 
carelessness with electric irons; in 
many cases irons were left connected 
and in contact with inflammable goods 
while the user of the iron went to an- 
swer the telephone or to talk with a 
neighbor; in other cases the user forgot 
to disconnect the iron at the comple- 
tion of the work. 

Another cause that comes under the 
"carelessness** classification is the 
leaving of incandescent lamps in con- 
tact with flimsy materials. Three 
such fires resulted in losses of $15,- 
847 -33 • The ignition of volatile fumes 
and liquids caused seven fires with a 
loss of $59,694.63. 

Yet in all this list of fires there were 
no great conflagrations; in nearly 
ever>' case the fire revealed itself be- 
fore it had a chance to spread and the 
average loss was less than a thousand 
dollars. Properly installed , and used 
with reasonable care, electrical equip- 
ments are safe; they are not fool proof, 
however, and just so long as people 
neglect the precautions which com- 
mon sense dictates, there will be fires. 



43 



The Clavilux 






>ILE\T compositions of moving 
k color and form, played in rhylhm 
to the vision just as music is 
played to the hearing"^so runs the ex- 
planatory paragraph in the program of 
the Neighborhood Playhouse, where 
the Clavilux, a new instrument in- 
[ vented by Mr Thomas Wilfred, enler- 
Itained vast audiences during the month 
Pof January. 

Silting in the darkened theatre your 
I first perceptions are of the proscenium 
I arch taking form through the gloom 
I- — then a dim. pearly, fog-like light 
:glns to take shape and in great 
Ll^reading masses steals across what is 
libintly discerned to be a large three- 



paneled screen. In the depths of this 
pearly light there gradually grows a 
blue form. It moves within itself; 
turns, twists, grows larger, spreads 
over the entire screen. The effect now 
is as though one were looking into the 
depths of a deep blue sky — cloudlike 
forms apiiear — slowly they move- 
Then as though affected by 
strange power they are drawn together 
into a mass, become f carle t. and stretch 
forth long tentacles. Robelike sweeps 
of color are drawn from below. The 
blue of the background grows a vivid 
orange. The central mass divides, 
falling away on either side to disclose 
a strange bending color-mas? of gre«). I 





The pearl light condenses, forms a 
spiral, slowly revolves and drifts away 
and in its place a single flame of scarlet 
and gold wavers in the dark. Others 
approach from a distance; strange pat- 
terns form, break apart, become 
transparent and then blaze with every 
conceivable color. A tremendous 
crescendo is reached. Then it fades — 



beautiful dawn about? These things 
are sheer beauty. The clavilux plays 
sheer beauty but it is beauty under 
control — made rhythmical. It is mii^ 
sic not for the ear but for the eye. 
differs from a painting in that a pain^ 
ing is static. The colors of the clavHu 
are mobile and glowing. 

It is difficult when describing i 



The Edison Monthly 



Clavilux not to refer to the composi- 
tions as color-music. Though many 
in the past have felt a close analogy 
between sound and color it must not 
be presumed that such is Mr Wil- 
fred's theory. The compositions 
played on the Clavilux bear no rela- 
tion to music or sound at all. There- 
in lies the novelty of the Clavilux. 
Color music is not new. It was recog- 
nized by the early Greeks, and Father 
Castel, a Jesuit, made a color harpsi- 
chord in the i8th century. In all of 
these the colors were accompanied 
with music. This may recall an at- 
tempt made in New York City a few 
years ago to create certain effects by 
throwing colored lights on a screen ap- 
propriate to the mood of the music 
played by a large orchestra. Unfor- 
tunately, however, the color and the 
music did not seem to synchronize in 
the minds of the audience — red, for 
example, suggesting sweet p^c^ to 
some, to others wild rage rampanti 

A New Ah 

Other color organs have been de- 
vised but none of them created mobile 
color. The colors were made to 
change, fade and intensify but they 
could not be made to spiral, for ex- 
ample, as is effected by the Clavilux. 
Mr Wilfred has constructed a mechan- 
ical and electrical instrument by which 
light can be determined in rhythm, 
color, pattern, tempo and intensity. 
It presents a new art. 

It seems that the instrument might 
well be used in connection with the 
drama. It should prove particularly 
interesting to the modernists who en- 
deavor to catch and hold the mood of 
a play in the scenery they create. But 
once designed and painted the scene 



cannot be changed. In other words it 
cannot be made to portray the prog- 
ress of the play as it unfolds. This 
with the aid of the Clavilux could be 
easily accomplished . 

What wind is to the pipe organ, 
white light is to the Clavilux. For in 
white light are all the colors and com- 
bination of colors as found in the spec- 
trum. White light from within the in- 
strument, is projected through a series 
of slides and other devices, by means 
of stops and keys and a series of rheo- 
stats which nfake up the keyboard of 
the Clavilux, and eventually is thrown 
on a screen of ground glass. Motion, 
intensity, pattern and tempo all are 
controlled frqm the keyboard and 
since the operator has but two hands 
with which to produce the desired 
effects the skill nec^sary for the sue- 
cessful operation of the Clavilux may 
well be imagined. Thev^^hole instru- 
ment weighs about a ton and is con- 
nected with the switchboard of the 
theatre by means of a light cable. 
There is not room at the keyboard, as 
it is installed at the Neighborhood 
Playhouse, for more than one opera- 
tor, — therefore the compositions are 
somewhat restricted in their scope. 
This is due not to any limitation of 
the possibilities of the instrument but 
rather to the unavoidable physical 
limitations of the operator. 

Unquestionably the Clavilux repre- 
sents the latest and most novel adap- 
tation of electricity to the arts. Here 
electricity is not an adjunct to art, as 
for example when it is used in illumin- 
ating paintings or for the operation of 
the latest means for the reproduction 
of music, but rather is the fundamental 
of a new art which essentially is elec- 
tricity translated into mobile color. 



47 



For Furniture Display 



1\ the liKhiingof the furniiure show- 
rooms of Philip Strobel and Sons 
Inc. one finds an interesting exam- 
pie of the skill of the illuminating 
engineer. A furniture display, by 
reason of the bulk of the wares and 
the polished surfaces, calls for special 
care in the selection and installation of 
lighting fixtures and in the arrange- 
ment of the merchandize. All of 
these factors had to be considered in 
planning the Strobel installation. 

Interest in the company, however, 
is not confined to its lighting equip- 
ment; its history covers a period of 
seventy j-ears, and the furniture that 



ii produces is usc-d all over the J 
country. 

For three generations the firm of 1 
Philip Strobel and Sons, Inc, has been [ 
owned by the family of the man who I 
established it in 1852 in a little shop 
at 53 Elizabeth Street, On that same 
site stands the building in which the I 
showrooms of today are located. ^ 
Great changes have taken place in 
Elizabeth Street during the passing 
years, Its residences have gone and 
now the street is given over to whole- 
sale and retail business. Philip Stro- 
bel and Sons, Inc, by reason of its 
seniority, stands out prominently 




Tke Edison Montkl: 



among many other furniture concerns 
in the neighborhood. 

The original building was destroyed 
by fire and in 1884 a seven-story struc- 
ture was erected. It Is here that the 
firm of Philip Strobeland Sons, Inc, is 
housed, using the first three floors for 
showroom purposes and the rest of the 
building for storage. 

Entering the main room from the 
street one sees a display of dining 
room and living room sets of the very 
highest type of craftsmanship. The 
lighting arrangement here is a good 
example of efficient and artistic show- 
room lighting and the decorative 
scheme is attractively carried out by a 
novel use of chintz hangings which 
make a very fitting background for 
the display. The lighting arrange- 
ment was designed and installed under 
the supervision of the Bureau of Illu- 
minating Engineering of The New 
York Edison Company, and IttWjHcen 
complete satisfaction. 

Twenty-six Ray-o-Day fixtures are 
used scientifically in the three show- 
rooms. Eleven of these contain 100- 
watt lamps and the other fifteen 
use 200-watt lamps. In the rooms 
on the second and third floors there 
are dining room and bed room suites. 
The light is evenly distributed, 
and all bright spots or deep shadows 
have been eliminated, an imjjcrftant 
feature where polished surfaces are dis- 
played. The furniture in the furthest 
corner of the large room shows to just 
as good advantage as that placed 
near the windows. * 

Manufacturers and retailers are re- 
alizing more and more the advantages 
to be gained from the correct usage of 
electric lighting systems in displaying 
their goods, and in all cases where this 



is done there is complete satisfaction. 

PhilipStrobel and Sons, Inc, supplied 
all the chairs and tables for Childs* res- 
taurants. These are used from coast 
to coast and in Canada. Many of the 
hotels, such as the Ritz Carlton, of 
New York and Atlantic City, the 
Commodore, the Ambassador, the 
Belmont, and the As tor are using 
tables made by this same firm. The 
dining room furniture for large corpor- 
ations like Lord and Taylor and B 
Altman & Co, which maintain dining 
rooms for their employees, was sup- 
plied by this company as well as 
elaborately inlaid tables for Chinese 
restaurants. 

A visit to Philip Strobel and Sons, 
Inc, will show one at a glance why it is 
that it has continued to live for sev- 
enty years and m^ixitain a dignified, 
alert, and prosperous appearance. 
Progressiveness is one of its character- 
istics. Although it has not moved 
from the spot on which it sprung up it 
has always kept step with every ad- 
vancement in manufacturing and 
merchandizing methods. 

The One Thing Needful 

In the gray of winter's morning 
I arise, turn on the light, 

Set my percolator steaming 
With its whole electric might. 

Then I loudly call my children 
While Electra toasts the bread, 

But despite repeated shouting 
Each one tightly hugs his bed. 

**0, thou goddess, I implore thee, 
Give me only one thing more, 

An electric early riser 

Fastened on each bedroom door!** 

Alice Crowell Hoffman 



49 



For Grocery Deliveries 



"Wc ran live wilhoin frieiuk 
And live without books, 
Bui show me Ihe man 

Who rati live «ilhcn.lcook»." 

WHATEVER else man may do 
or may have done, he always 
has had and always will have 
to eat. And so there have always 
been and always will be purveyors of 



ponnd cars, one one-loii Iruck, one 
five-ton truck and nine three-and- 
one-half-ton Iriicks. The three 
750-poiind cars are a recent addi- 
tion to the fleet and were pur- 
chased as a result of earlier experience, 
for electric trucks had proved so eco- 
nomical and satisfactory in making 
the bulk deliveries from the ware- 



food. From the rock cache of the house lo the retail stores that it wa 
prehistoric cave- 
man to the modern 
grocery store with 
its many ramifica- 
tions and countless 
shelves of articles is 
a long step. Yet it 
is one that man has 
accomplished al- 
most impercept- 
ibly, due to a con- 
stant search for 
more efficient 
methods of doing 
business. This 
urge towards busi- 
ness efficiency ha.^; 
been brought to a 

high point of development in the mod- 
ern grocery store. 

One of the most important ele- 
ments in the present methods of food 
distribution is the local delivery sys- 
tem, of which that of the Acker, Mer- 
rall and Condit Company is typical. 
Ten years ago the company began 
looking about for a way to reduce the 
cost of deliveries and finally decided 
upon the purchase of electric trucks. 
Since that time the fleet of storage 
battery vehicles has been augmented 
until it now comprises three 750- 




believed possible to have ihem sup- 
plant horses for neighborhood deliv- 
ery. At the Seventy- second Street 
and One Hundred and Second Street 
branch stores of Acker, Merrall and 
Condit Company these three vehicles 
are now being used and the results 
obtained have led to the conclusion 
that no type of delivery wagon is 
so well suited to the work. Mr 
Thomas B Fi.sher. Sales Manager and 
a director of the firm, speaking of 
these cars, says, "We are seriously- 
considering the replacement of all our 



Xke Edison Montnly 



horses by light electrics of this type." 
While the smaller size wagons are 
used for retail delivery work, the larger 
trucks are employed in the haulage 
of wholesale orders and are always 
sent out loaded to capacity. The 
three- and -one-half -ton trucks travel on 
an average of about twenty-five miles 
a day and most of the lime is spent in 
carrying groceries from the company's 
warehouses to its branch stores. Elec- 
tric trucks are used for suburban runs 




Tnlcka of Thia Type Have Bon Id Cc 



as far as Greenwich, Conneclicui; 
Vonkersand Rye, New V'ork; Flushing, 
Long Island; Long Branch, New Jersey: 
and adjacent points. In this kind of 
work and in delivering wholesale orders 
lo hotels, clubs and restaurants, the 
live-ton truck has a current consump- 
tion of 18 kilowatt hours a day while 
ihe three-and-one-half-ton trucks, 
which cover a greater territory, use 
about 30 kilowatt hours a day. All of 
ihe electric trucks placed in ser\'ice ten 
years ago are still in daily operation 
and the company, from its experience, 
is convinced that the storage battery 



truck is the best vehicle for the work it 
is called upon to perform. 

Canned goods, fancy groceries and 
delicacies of almost every description 
are purveyed by the Acker, Merrall 
and Condit Company and the fact 
that electric trucks are used, insure? 
the customer of the reception of goods 
always clean and free from gasolene 
and carbon <x]ors. Haulage from rail- 
road to warehouse is also done by the 
storage battery vehicles and at the- 
company's loading 
platforms charg- 
ing outlets are in- 
stalled which make 
il possible tocharge 
Lhe trucks while 
iioxes, cases and 
barrels are placed 
aboard. This re- 
sults in a greai 
saving of time and 
eliminates possible 
delay in filling or- 
ders. 

Here also another 
advantage of elec- 
tric trucks is evi- 
dent, for they occu- 
py [ess space at the loading platform 
than either horses or gasoline trucks. 
This factor is important, for wiih 
gasoline cars or horses the platform 
must either be set far back from the 
building line, which necessitates more 
and costly floor room or else the 
vehicles project on the street and 
interfere with traffic. Electric trucks 
are free from this drawback. 

.\s a means of reducing overhead 
delivery cost to a minimum, the 
company maintains a public garage 
at 532-540 West Forty-sixth Street 
where not only its own trucks are 



p 



Tke Edxsoa Monthly 



Icepl but those of other firms as well. 
The same care and attention that 
keeps ihe company's trucks in service 
every day is gi\en Ihe trucks of the 
garage customers This is siich a well 
recognized fact that fifty outside firms 
now use the service of the Acker, Mer- 
rali and Condit Garage. 

Here every facility for the proper 
maintenance of electric trucks and 
batteries is at hand. An espert repair 
section is in operation and the trucks 
are gone over each night, to see that 
they are in perfect condition for the 
next day's work. It is in a great 
measure due to this service that the 
electric trucks of the Acker, Merrall 
and Condit Company, and the trucks 
of their garage customers, are proving 
so economical and are finding such a 
long term of usefulness. 

Big Order for Trucks for Ex- 
press Service 

With the purchase recently of 104 
electric trucks, the American Railway 
Express Company has still further 
strengthened its claim as the largest 
user of electrics in the world. The 
company Jiow has in service through- 
out the United States more than 
twelve hundred electrics — -this in ad- 
dition to its gasoline trucks and horse- 
drawn wagons. 

The new equipment is for service in 
New York, Philadelphia and Buffalo, 
The New York allotment comprises 
twenty trucks of the five-ton size; 
Philadelphia is to have fifty two-ton 
trucks, while the thirty-four (or Buf- 
falo are of the two- and three-toji 

It is planned to use the New York 

trucks on a twenty-four hour basis. 
This will be accomplished by means 



of standardized, interchangeable bat- 
teries, each truck being provided I 
with two sets of cells. Thus at the j 
end of the first shift the exhausted f 
battery will he removed and a freshly j 
charged one put in its place. The bat- 
tery boxes are desagned for rapid I 
changing and special devices for bal- 
ter>' handling have been installed at 1 
the charging stations. It is esti- 
mated that the exchange of batteries 
will require less time than it took 
to fill the tanks of the five-ton gaso- 
line trucks which the electrics are 
replacing. 

Second Electric Automobile 
Show to Be Held in April 

At a meeting of electric automo- 
bile manufacturers and dealers held 
on February 7th, plans for the Elec- 
tric Automobile Show of 1922 were 
discussed. The invitation of The 
New York Edison Company to hold 
the exhibit in its Irving Place show- 
room was accepted and .April 3-15 was 
decided upon as the date. 

A similar show was held a year ago 
and judging by the interest of the 
manufacturers the event will probably 
become an annual affair. As with the 
1921 show the displays will be held in 
two parts. The first week will be de- 
voted to street trucks and passenger 
cars, while the second week will be 
given over to manufacturers of indus- 
trial trucks. A display of electric 
vehicle charging equipment and auto- 
mobile accessories will continue 
throughout the two weeks, A lunch- 
eon will be held during the first 
week. 

The show will be open ever>- day 
from 10 a m until 8 pm, and there 
will l)e no admission charge. 



Tlie Edison MontWy 




A Clever Little Man 

A clever little man bulk a pretty little house 

And set it in the middle of a pleasant little park; 
But all through the day it was quiet as a mouse 

And all through the night it was dark, dark, dark. 
Then the clever little man wired the little house one day 

And through the copper wire ran a lauchina little Sprite, 
That set the sweeper sweeping and the kettle singing gay 

And liuhied up the little place at night, night, night. 

T M Bray 



Airplane Views of Exiison Service 



The Uptown Post Office 



THE Post Office, printing estab- 
lishments, homes of the textile 
trade, a corner of the fur dis- 
trict, department stores, and ware- 
houses make up the greater part of the 
large number of central-station-served 
buildings in the district of which the 
Uptown Post Office at Eighth Avenue 
and 33rd Street is the hub. As shown 
in the accompanying airplane view, 
this district extends from- Sixth Ave- 
nue to the water front; in the distance 
it reaches from Twenty-fourth Street 
to Thirty-ninth, while in the fore- 
ground its limits are Twenty-eighth 
Street and Thirty-sixth Street. 

This section includes Seventh Ave- 
nue which is rapidly becoming the 
needle trades centre of the city. Al- 
though many of the old three - and 
four* story tenement houses'^rentain 
the several new buildings erected dur- 
ing the past two or three years indi- 
cate the future of the avenue. One of 
these is the Manufacturers Building 
extending from Twenty -eighth to 
Twenty-ninth Street. The Penn Ter- 
minal Building is two blocks up the 
avenue while at Thirty-sixth and 
Thirty-seventh Streets are the twin 
structures of the Garment Centre 
Realty Capitol. Also in this 9ft)up is 
the Armion Building at 229 West 36th 
Street. In the Herald Square region 
are the old Herald Building, now oc- 
cupied by Rogers Peet and Company, 
and Gimbel Brothers on Sixth Avenue. 
On Thirty- fifth Street between Sev- 
enth and Eighth Avenues is the L and 
GRealty Company buildingand farther 
down the street the service station of 
the Edison Storage Battery Company. 



At Eighth Avenue and Thirty- 
fourth Street is the Printing Crafts 
Building, erected to serve as a com- 
munity centre for printers and used 
during the war by various depart- 
ments of the Army. South of this and 
spanning the tracks of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad is the Post Office. 
Down Thirty-fourth Street is the 
Manhattan Qpera House and at Num- 
ber 516 is the warehouse of Haywood 
Brothers and Wakefield. At Tenth 
Avenue and Thirty-sixth Street is the 
new home of the McGraw Hill Pub- 
lishing Company, publishers of the 
Electrical World and other technical 
magazines. The Underhill Building 
is at 438 West Thirty-seventh Street 
while on Eleventh Avenue, extending 
from Thirty-sixth to Thirty-seventh 
Street, is the Williams Printing House. 

Near the Waltr Front 

Other places on Eleventh Avenue 
where Edison Service is used include 
the Terminal Stores at Twenty-eighth 
Street, the W and J Sloane warehouse 
at Twenty-ninth Street; the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad freight sta- 
tion at 2 Twenty-sixth Street; and the 
American Railway Express Company 
freight station in the block between 
Thirty-second and Thirty-third 
Streets. 

The Heywood, Strasser Voight 
Lithographing Company is at Ninth 
Avenue and Twenty-sixth Street; the 
Wolff Building extends from 518 to 
534 West Twenty-sixth Street; the 
Caxton Building is at 229 West Twen- 
ty-eighth Street; and the building of 
the Printerion Realty Company at 



ss 



Tke EJison Montkly 



406-26 West Thirty-first Street looks 
down upon the tracks of the Pennsyl- 
vania Terminal. 

Other Edison-served buildings in 
the district are the Cuyler at 1 18 West 
Thirty-second Street, the Herald 
Square at 145 West Thirty-sixth 
Street, the Soltman at 134 West 
Twenty-ninth Street, the National 
Railway Publishing Co at 424-438 
West Thirty-third Street and the Tel- 
ephone Exchange at 206-224 West 
Thirty-sixth Street. i 

To maintain electrical service to the 
thousands of Edison customers in this 
territory there are four sub-stations 
each directly connected with the 
Waterside generating station and all 
interconnected. 



New York Electrical Show to 
Be Held in Palace 

The New York Electrical Show of 
1922 is to be held from October 7th 
to October 14th at the Grand Centra! 
Palace, Lexington Avenue and Forty- 
sixth Street. It will open on Satur- 
day morning and continue until the 
following Saturday evening. 

Last year's show was held at the 
71st Regiment Armory, but owing to 
the limited space the number of ex- 
hibits had to be greatly curtailed. 
This year with three floors available 
there will be ample opportunity to 
present one of the most comprehen- 
sive expositions in the histor\' of Elec- 
trical and Industrial displays. 



Saying It With Powers 



An engineer electrical, 

Once wooed a charming: maid. 
No wasteful tokens he bestowed, 

But gifts that more than paid. 

When merely friendship held the 
two, 

Thil button at her door. 

He gave a pressure now and then; 

Then frequently; then more. 

And when the light of her clear 
eyes 

Struck fire from his warm heart, 
A flash-light he presented her. 

And this was worthy start. 
She smiled at him above her fan. 

And so next time he called. 
He carried an electric-fan 

Which he for her installed. 



She smoothed his difficulties out 

In such a telling way, 
His next gift — an electric-iron, 

He took to her straightway. 
And when her father's grilling he 

Must stand to fill the bill, 
His next high-pressure offering 

Was fine electric grill. 

And now that they are married, 
why. 

He still keeps up the game. 

By telling her his love in gifts 

Most fitting for the name. 

The home-life like their own true 
love, "^ 

Runs minus jars and jolts. 

And all because he still insists 

On sayw£ it with volts! 

—Bianche Eiixabeth Wade 



56 



Bachelor Buttons 




1IN their oiode of liv- 
ing the bachelors 
of today and yes- 
terday are quite 
different. There 
is, of course, a simi- 
larity in their dependence upon the 
alarm clock to arouse them from their 
last snatches of slumber; but the more 
fortunate is he whom electricity 
■serves. With such a servant the mod- 
ern bachelor need not worry about the 
many discomforts that his predecessor 
endured . 

A decade or so ago the young man, 
■who occupied one of the many one- or 
two- room apartments that were scat- 
tered throughout the city, arose reluc- 
tantly and dubiously dipped his fin- 
gers into a stream of warm water run- 
ning from the "hot"' water faucet. 
With a shake of his head he resorted 
to an alcohol lamp as a medium for 
heating his shaving water. He then 
<]uite naturally 
found himself in a 
rather petulent 
mood — a bad be- 
ginningfortheday. 
Breakfast was no 
better. If he did 
not eat in a board- 
ing house or res- 
taurant he pre- 
pared his own meal 
in a more or less 
clumsy fashion. He 
made his coffee by 
a very old method 
and if he was not 
an exceptionally 
"ood 1 (fee n r 



his morning beverage was apt to have 
a muddy appearance and taste. Toast 
was almost an impossibility because of 
the lack offncililies- for toasting his 
bread . 

In contrast to this bachelor of yes- 
terday, today's bachelor, a ver\' mod- 
ern person, stretches luxuriously as 
his alarm clock clatters out its heart- 
less warning and, as soon as he has 
awakened sufhciently, arises and calls 
upon his electric servants for his bath 
and breakfast. 

He turns on his instantaneous water 
heater and almost as if by magic a 
stream of hot water runs into this 
bath. The same holds true for his 
morning shave, unless he prefers to 
use an electric immersion heater 
which he inserts in a bowl of cold wa- 
ter in order to heat it to the desired 
temperature. One may be sure that 
not even Sherlock Holmes himself 
could deduct the position of this bach- 




Thi Ifodcni BMAelor Proudly Sam Hi* Ouot bb SIcctricalbr Cooked 



Tbe Edison Montkly 




elor's windows by the unshaved areas 
of his cheeks, for his electric shaving 
mirror provides perfect illumination, 
and makes him entirely independent 
of the window. 

Since the modern young man's 
hobby is efficiency, he turns the 
switch on his electric percolator, 
which he has filled the night before, 
and that little electric servant starts 
to make his morning coffee while he 
completes dressing. 

Breakfast in one's own apartment is 
the source of a great deal of satisfac- 
tion and personal comfort and more 
than a little pride is taken in a meal 
that is prepared at 

home and cooked " 

by electricity. Af- ■ — — 

ter the bachelor 
has bathed and 
dressed he finds 
that his coffee is 
ready, as wonder- 
fully brown and 
delicious as any- 
one could desire. 
If he feels in the 
mood , so to speak, 
for fried eggs and 
bacon he uses his 
electric grill, cook- 



ing the eg^ in the upper part and 
broiling the bacon under the heat- 
ing element. His toast is the prod* 
uct of an electric toaster. Surely, the 
beginning of such a day is far bet- 
ter than partaking breakfast after the 
manner of the old-fashioned bachelor. 
Not only is it cozier and more home- 
like but it is also more economical. 

The end of the day is just as pleas- 
ingly successful. In the hurry and 
bustle of the city life it is sometimes 
difficult to find a secluded spot where 
one can talk with one's friends with- 
out being disturbed. Restaurant life 
is not conducive to confidential chats. 
Discussion over the coffee cups is not 
readily carried on when the voices of 
strangers rise even above the tinkle of 
glassware and clatter of porcelain. Of 
course there are places where only 
quiet prevails in aristocratic dignity; 
but the modem bachelor cannot afford 
that as a steady practice. He prefers 
to take his guest to his den where in 
intimate companionship they can talk 
to their hearts content over a palat- 
able home cooked dinner. With the 
aid of the grill again, and perhaps a 





The Edison Monthly 




chafing dish or waffle iron, two enthu- 
siastic young men can enjoy as good a 
meal as they ever had anywhere. 
Later in ihe evening they can sit under 
the soft light of the floor lamp peace- 
fully puffing at their pipes, while an 
electric fire log adds to the general air 
of comfort. 

After - the - theatre ■ suppers are al- 
ways popular, for who does not like to 
satisfy the inner man after an evening 
of entertainment? The modern bach- 
elor likes modem plays and he attends 
them frequently with his friends. It 
is with pride, therefore, that he re- 
turns to his apartment after the the- 
atre, stepping ahead of his compan- 
ions to open the door for them and 
press the push button in the wall pan- 
el. The room is flooded with light, or 
perhaps it is the shedding of mellow 
rays from a table lamp, and everyone 
steps admiringly across the threshold. 
Eating is once more in order and the 
bachelor brings forth his chafing dish 
and percolator. 

Late in the evening when the heat 
from the furnace way down in the cel- 
lar has been turned off for the night, 
the electric radiator can be attached 
to a nearby socket making a veritable 



miniature fireplace to supply a com- 
fortable heat. He who likes to bum 
the midnight oil, or the midnight elec- 
tricity as is now the case, can settle 
himself comfortably in an easy chair, 
pull this little radiator near him and 
enjoy an hour or so of happy warmth. 
If perhaps, the bachelor man is old 
enough to be bothered with rheuma- 
tism he finds his electric heating pad 
the best sort of a nurse. Sitting in hia 
arm chair or in bed, as he wishes, he 
wraps the pliable appliance around his 
foot or arm, as the case may be. turns 
on the heat and chases away pain. 

The wise bachelor is prepared for all 
seasons. Tucked away in his closet 
there is an electric fan which he will 
use as soon as the warm weather 
comes. From it he will receive aa 
much delight in the sultry months as 
he did from his radiator during the 
winter months. Yes, there is no 
doubt that electric bachelor buttons 
have many possibilities and many 
more advantages than the old-fash- 
ioned kind worn by the bachelor of 
yesterday . 




An Adjuitable Liiht Fad 



^s 



April 




1922 



voLUMB 14 CONTENTS number 4 

v>s * cf<; 

The Edison Monthl^f p^. 

The Ediaon Directory . . - Inside Front Cover 

Editorials - - - • - 62 

Repro-Printa _.-.-- 64 

Forty Years of Edison Service - - • - 67 

Edison (Verse) - - - - - - 67 

The Pressure Cooker - - ■ - - 68 

The Hand Writing on the Wall (Verse) - - 70 

Airplane Views of Edison Service — Midtown - • 72 

Under the Riverside Drive Viaduct (Photograph) - 74 

Truck Versatility - - - - - 75 

A Little Bit of Syria ..... 79 

Edison District Offices with Hap - • Inside Back Cover 



Tke Edison Montkly 



The Edison Monthly 

PuUishid by 
The NewYotk Edison Company 

Qeneral Q^iou 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

New York City 



The prospective user of electric ve- 
hicles who, before making his decision, 
wishes to study trucks operating under 
conditions paralleling those in his own 
industry need look no further than 
New York. It is quite certain that 
somewhere in the Metropolitan terri- 
tory he will find electrics meeting in 
every way the requirements of his 
business, for New York is as cosmo- 
politan in its trucking as it is in its 
population. More than half of all the 
electrics in the country are in New 
York. They are the property of four 
hundred different owners and serve 
thirty-eight different classes of busi- 
ness. 

The seeker after electric vehicle 
facts who conducts his investigation 
in New York will find wagons of 750 
pound capacity serving the needs of 
the retail grocer, five-ton trucks haul- 
ing coal, intermediate sizes making de- 
liveries for department stores, spring 
water concerns,wholesale grocers, pub- 
lic utility companies, hospitals, express 
companies, and paper dealers, and 
so on through the whole thirty-eight. 
If he asks about comparative costs he 
will find that an electric truck doing 
the same work that a gasoline truck 
was doing — both owned by the same 
express company — cost $118 less 
during a test month, or that one elec- 
tric wagon, would deliver at lower cost, 



more groceries than two horse-drawn 
wagons. If he wants to know about 
electric truck mileage he will find the 
records of the five-ton trucks that 
came to New York under their own 
power at an average speed of better 
than twelve miles an hour and with 
only two battery boosts. If he asks 
about hill climbing ability he will be 
shown the result of the recent test on 
theMillerAvenuehill in Brooklyn. If 
he asks about depreciation he will be 
shown the charts that reveal the in- 
teresting fact that 980 of the New 
York electrics are more than ten years 
old and that twelve are getting along 
toward twenty-five years. 

From the transportation viewpoint 
New York is not greatly different 
physically from other large cities and 
there is no question but that electric 
trucks, properly installed for the work 
for which they are suited, will perform 
just as economically, as dependably 
and efficiently in any other city in the 
country. 



With the warm days of spring close 
at hand and the hotter ones of summer 
not so far off, it is well to look to one's 
ventilating equipment. Fans that 
have stood idle all winter will be bet- 
ter prepared for a long hot job if the 
brushes are pu t in good order and new 
grease supplied for the bearings. And 
they'll look f>etter if the brass blades 
are polished with a bit of steel wool. 
So much for last year's fan. 

In brushing up the old equipment 
give thought to the kitchen. The 
kitchen, the workshop of the home, is 
in greater need of adequate ventila- 
tion than any other room of the house. 
This condition has received the attei 



Tke Edison Monthly 



tion of ventilating engineers and man- 
ufacturers and during the past few 
years, several types of ventilators 
designed especially for the home 
kitchen have been developed. These 
are for installation either in a panel 
set in the window, or for use in con- 
nection with a duct system leading 
from a canopy over the range. For- 
tunately, too, in installing such an 
equipment you automatically provide 
for other rooms, for the kitchen venti- 
lator operates on the exhaust principle, 
removing about sixteen hundred cubic 
feet of air a minute. As this great vol- 
ume of air goes out it is replaced 
by fresh air that comes into the house 
through the windows of the other 
rooms. Thus it is apparent that an 
exhaust fan with a capacity of sixteen 
hundred cubic feet not only removes 
the heat and steam and odors of the 
kitchen but provides a circulation of 
fresh air for the whole house. 

Ventilating equipment is absolutely 
essential in auditoriums and other in- 
door meeting places — the same ven- 
tilating principles that assure fresh air 
on a large scale have been applied to 
ventilating equipment for the home 
and the hot steaming kitchen should 
be a thing of the past. 

While cooking under high-pressure 
steam is not new by any means it is 
only recently that it has taken its 
place among the group of electric serv- 
ants in the home. The electrically 
heated pressure cooker is the same in 
design and appearance as the one 
which is heated on the top of the 
stove, except that an electric heating 
element is built into the bottom. 

The principle of pressure cooking has 



long since been established — with the 
provision of electric heat the appara- 
tus acquires an additional degree of 
convenience which should assure it 
an important place in every well 
equipped kitchen. 



Although electricity sheds its light 
on many strange places and on many 
interesting activities, it is doubtful if 
there is another section of New York 
where it lights such a contrast of old 
world primitiveness and new world ' 
progress as in the street where the 
people from Syria have established 
themselves. In the shadow of the sky- 
scrapers, within a stone's throw of the 
financial district, always resounding 
with the rumble of truck-borne traffic, 
and watching daily the coming and go- 
ing of ships carrying the world's com- 
merce, Washington Street with its 
Syrian population and its red brick 
dwellings seems a cross between New 
York of a century ago and an old- 
world bazaar. 

The brick buildings of a Colonial 
day have conceded very little to the 
demands of modern New York. The 
people who live and work there make 
their laces in the old world manner. In 
fact, the only striking change from 
one end of the quarter to the other is 
in the method of lighting — intricate 
designs in lace are worked out pains- 
takingly by hand, but the darkness 
which formerly shortened the working 
day and threatened the eyesight of the 
workers is now offset by the most 
modern lighting methods. New York's 
Syrians have become as exacting in 
their demands for proper illumination 
as they are proficient in the manufac- 
ture of their alluring novelties. 



63 



Repro-Prints 



AN amateur printer in Munich, 
working with inks of various 
^ kinds more than a century ago. 
discovered the process which, when de- 
veloped, came to be known as lithog- 
raphy. It is a method by which a 
drawing or design made on a flat stone 
with soapy ink is transferred In paper. 
The art is based on 
the chemical affin- 
ity of certain fatty 
and resinous sub- 
stances for those of 
like nature and 
their repugnance to 
water. 

Using the litho- 
graphic principle 
as a basis, experi- 
ments begun a 
number of years 
ago, opened the 
way to obtaining 
results without the 
use of the stone. 
In its perfected 
form this is called 

the photo offset The Motor Dri 

process. As em- 
ployed in the establishment of the 
National Process Company at 117-119 
East Twenty-fourth Street, the prod- 
uct is called a Repro-Print. 

The National Process Company 
was organized a dozen years ago, in 
full confidence that the process had 
commercial possibilities which would 
be readily accepted. The growth 
of the company is proof that the 
idea was sound. From a small begin- 
ning, the establishment has repeatedly 
been enlarged with additions to its 



physical plant until it now occupies | 
three floors and has an equipment ^ 
capable of a wide variety of works | 
and a force of employees who are | 
experts in their several branches of ( 
craftsmanship. 

Printing of any kind calls for good I 
Hljhl. Since in its priman.' stace? pro- 




cess repro-printing depends upon pho- 1 
tography, it demands, in the absence i 
of permanent natural light, a depend- I 
able substitute which can be employed j 
at a moment's notice. In the photo- 
graphic room are four 20 by 24 inch I 
cameras. Each camera is ser\'ed by 
two lights of 32,000 candle power J 
each, which, when focused on "copy" 
to be photographed, are vastly more 1 
effective than natural light would be. 
These lights may be adjusted on the | 
supporting frames, so that the rays | 



The Edison MontKly 



may fall upon the copy at the proper 
angle. 

An original copy is reproduced in 
any desired size. Once photographed, 
the wet-plate negative is stripped on a 
targe sheet of glass. Electric lights 
under the glass make every character, 
line and dot on the negative perfectly 
clear. When properly opaqued, the 
negative is placed in a vacuum print- 
ing frame and a sensitized sheet of 




zinc, twelve one- thousandths of an 
inch in thickness, is dried and placed 
over it. The sheet of zinc is a basic 
feature of the now popular process. 
Its employment makes for a high de- 
degree of speed, simplicity and econ- 
omy. The stone of the lithographer 
does not figure at all . 

In a matter of five or six minutes, 
the part of the plate exposed to the 
ligh t on the negative is hardened . The 
plate is then removed, given a light 
coating of ink and conveyed to a de- 



veloping trough. Here, because of cer- 
tain chemical affinities, part of the ink 
is washed off, while the design, what- 
ever it may be, is retained. Develop- 
ment of the plate follows. .At this 
stage changes may be made, if any are 
necessary, otherwise the plate is ready 
for the press. 

A battery of four printing presses, 
specially designed for this particular 
line of work, forms the company's 
equipment. There 
are two Hall and 
iwo Scott presses, 
the larger ones be- 
ing capable of 
printing sheets 
39 by 52}4 inches 
and at a speed of 
from r. 800 to 3, GOO 
sheets an hour, ac- 
cording to the 
character of the 
work. Each press 
takes its operating 
energy from an in- 
dividual motor of 
from 4}4 to 5^2 
horse power served 
by Edison current. 
In these two ap- 
pliances — the giant printing press, 
supported in its heavy skeleton of steel, 
and the compact little motor, nestling 
alongside and capable of stirring the 
other to industrial activity by a thumb 
touch to a button, one finds an in- 
teresting example of comparative po- 
tentiality. 

When ready for the press, a plate is 
clamped to a rotary cylinder and the 
motor started, the press responding to 
the electrical quickening. A water 
system moistens the revolving plate, 



Forty Years of Edison Service 



WHILE friends of Thomas A 
Edison are still congratulat- 
ing him on the occasion of 
his 75th anniversary, his associates in 
the electrical industry are planning 
additional honors for later in the year, 
for 1922 is also the fortieth anni- 
versary of the completion by him 
of the beginning 
of New York's 
present electrical 
system. 

OnSeptember4, 
1882, New York's 
first central sta- 
tion and under- 
ground system of 
distribution were 
completed and 
placed in opera- 
tion according to 
plans conceived 
and executed by 
Mr Edison. By 
many, this is con- 
sidered Mr Edi- 
son's greatest 
contribution to 
mankind and the 
principles that 
were laid down in 
the construction 
of that station 
formed the basis 
of similar stations 
all over the world . 
Indeed there has 
been but little 
deviation from 
them in all the 
years that have 
passed. 



Edison 

Reprinted irom The EdiBon Monthly 

of November, 1912 

Ho. 

Ye in whom we know 

True greatness; ye whose hand 

Has given form to what the thought designed. 

In all the ages, every land. 

To make for s>rogress of the humankind 

Here cometh one 

Who is a sun 

Among the stars: whose light 

So shines on every way. 

Art, Science, Commerce, that mankind 

From night, steps into day. 

And seeing clearly, moving free. 

Fears not to seek infinity. 

And with his light comes power. 

The force to do 

All that his light 

Directs us to. 

Behold 

This man of wondrous mold 

This prophet who foretells 

The products which shall gem 

The world, and by his faith 

Produces them . 

When others failed and wept. 

He smiled and steadily kept 

Bravely on 

Until the dawn 

Broke over him and he 

Put on the crown of victory. 

What others only thought. 

He did; he saw i^ead 

And others followed where he led. 

Is genius his? 

Yes, double genius; 

That which comes unsought 

And that which may be wrought 

From toil unceasing 

And the will and faith 

That have no ending save in death. 

Hail Edison I AU hail I 

Failure to him means not to fail. 

But fresh incentive, more strength gained 

To reach the goal to be attained . 

God makes such men 

At intervals as signs 

To all the lesser and the weaker kinds 

To prove that somewhere, latent 

In the human line 

Forever lives the spark divine. 

W J Lantpton 



The original generating statipn oc- 
cupied a reconstructed brick ware- 
house at 255 and 257 Pearl Street and 
supplied a distribution system serving 
only a square mile of territory. There 
were fewer than sixty customers when 
the current was turned on in the after- 
noon of September 4, 1882. Current 

was used only for 
lighting and there 
were but 1,200 
lamps in the cus- 
tomer's premises. 
Today the Edison 
system in New 
York supplies 
296,560 custom- 
ers; current is used 
for lighting nine 
million lamps and 
for operating 688 ,- 
000 horsepower 
in motors. 

On the occasion 
of the thirty-fifth 
anniversary of the 
beginning of serv- 
ice The American 
Scenic and His- 
toric Preservation 
Society and The 
New York Edison 
Company caused 
to be placed on 
the site of the or- 
iginal station a 
bronze tablet set- 
ting forth the facts 
connected with 
this important 
event in electrical 
history. 



67 



The Pressure Cooker 



ONLY comparatively recent is 
the adaptation of electricity 
to the household pressure 
cooker as a heating agent. Heretofore 
the cooker has existed as a separate de- 
vice to be used on any sto\e over any 
source of heat; but now it has its own 
independent heating element enclosed 
ill the bottom. It comes to delight 
thousands of housekeepers, for it has 
many qualities that make it desirable 
as a part of the equipment of the mod- 
ern kitchen. 

A pressure cook- 
er, as indicated by 
its name, employs 
steam under high 
pressure. As this 
pressure can be 
regulated to meet 
the requirement of 
particular foods it 
offers many advan- 
tages over open 
utensils or lightly 
covered pans, both 
in speeding the 
cooking process 
and in preserv- 
ing the flavor of 
meats. 

The fact alone, 
that the appliance 
is electrically 
heated is no little 
indication of the 
convenience it of- 
fers. Like so many 
other electrical de- 
vices it is operated 
by current from a 
lamp socket. It is 



simplicity itself and is always ready 
and clean. 

The pressure cooker is made of 
aluminum without rivets or seams and 
can be obtained in three different 
sizes — ten, twenty, and thirty 
quarts. On top of the cover, which 
when in use is held down securely 
by thumb screws, there is a pres- 
sure gauge which shows both steam 
pressure and temperature. A safety 
valve prevents the pressure going 
above twenty-five pounds, and a pet 




J 



The Ellison Montkly 



cock aids the cook in regulating the 
process. 

One of the first impressions received 
of the electrical pressure cooker is of 
its simplicity and compactness. 

"What!" someone exclaims, "cook 
three or four things in that amount of 
space at one time? Impossible," 

And yet it is possible. The pressure 
cooker is constructed so that in its one 
compartment and over its one source 
of heat practically an entire dinner 
may be prepared. Surely that is a de- 
cided advantage over the old way of 
cooking where two or three pots clut- 
ter the top of a stove, and in the oven 
a roast must spend from an hour and a 
half to two hours. It is surprising 
how well a roast, potatoes, and vege^, 
tables all fit into the cooker at one 
time. The roast rests on a perforated 
aluminum mat which allows the heat 
to come up through and at the same 
time keeps the meat out of the water. 
At the end of about forty minutes po- 
tatoes can be placed aroimd the roast 
for baking. At the same time a pan of 
beans, or some similar vegetable, can 
be put in, resting on a wire rack near 
the top of the compartment. 

When everything is ready to be re- 
moved, the steam is let otT through the 
pet cock and in order to prevent the 
juices from being drawn out with the 
steam, the pressure is decreased grad- 
ually. Then the thumb screws are 
loosened and the top taken off. 

Foods prepared in the ' pressure 
cooker are delicious in flavor for they 
dha not lose any of their moisture by 
evaporation and are thus seasoned 
with the richness of their own juices. 
Meats are always lender after roast- 
ing by this method and it is because of 
this that cheaper cuts may be used. 



Although several foods are cooking 
simultaneously there is no danger of 
mixing the flavors in the steam unless 
of course, too much water is used. In 
cases like this the pet cock should be 
brought into service. 




It has been found that meats are 
best when only a little water is used. 
In order to let them absorb the juices 
it is wise to let them stand in the cooker 
with the cover on for a while after 
they are done. Thus it will also retain 
much of the nourishment. 

Besides the advantages gained in 
every day cooking there is also a great 
contribution made by the pressure 
cooker during the canning season. So 
often it is preferable to put up a few 
cans at a time rather than large quan- 
tities. Many people like to do their 
canning by this method — a few jars of 
fruit or vegetables a day. It is sur- 
prising how quickly the collection 
grows and the work does not require 
much time nor does it consume a great 
amount of energ\'. 

A space-saver, time-saver, energy- 
saver, and money -saver — the electrical 
pressure cooker is equipped to give 
splendid service in the household 
where electrical appliances are used. 



^I?.^it^^!! 




Airplane Vievv^s of Edison Service 

Midtown 



THE accompanying airplane 
view shows the great midtown 
section of New York, the New 
York Public Library on Fifth Ave- 
nue occupying the center foreground. 
To the right and left of the library 
stretches the shopping district. In 
the center background lies the 
Great White Way, a name syn- 
onymous the world over for the- 
atrical enterprise and brilliant night 
life. This part of the town is New 
York's laughter and fun — its recrea- 



tion — ^just as Wall Street is its serious 
vein — its business.* The two largest 
thoroughfares represented in this pic- 
ture, Broadway and Fifth Avenue, 
are the main arteries of the life of 
the city. Seventeen famous hotels, 
clubs, and restaurants are repre- 
sented here as well as thirty-seven 
theatres. At night the streets are 
as bright as day, illuminated by 
gre^t electric signs which flash and 
glitter in thousands of colors against 
the sky. 



A Partial List of Edison-served Buildings 



Office Buildings 

Longacre Building — Broadway & 42nd St 

Liggett Building — Madison Ave & 42nd St 

Canadian-Pacific Building — Madison Ave & 
44th St 

Borden Building — Madison Ave & 45th St 

Knabe Building— Fifth Ave & 39th St 

Woolworth, 'Winfield Building— Fifth Ave & 
40th St 

Rogers. Peet & Co — Fifth Ave & 41st St 

Arnold Constable & Co — Fifth Ave & 40th St 

Johnson Building — Broadway 35-36th Sts 

Stewart & Co — Fifth Ave & 37th St 

Finck Building— 318-26 West 39th St 

Art Color Building— 209-19 West 38th St 

United Publishers Building — 231-49 West 39th 
St 

American Press Ass'n — 225-9 West 39th St 

Brokaw Brothers — 1455-63 Broadway 

Knickerbocker Building — Broadway & 42nd St 

Wurlitzer Building — 116-22 West 42nd St 

Engineering Societies Building — 25-33 West 
39th St 

Union Dime Savings Bank — 701 Sixth Ave 

Franklin, Simon & Co — 414 Fifth Ave 

Bankers Trust Co — 501 Fifth Ave 

Heckscher Building — 242-4 Madison Ave 

Carbon Carbide Building — 310-14 Madison Ave 

Foster Building — 278-80 Madison Ave 

Johns Manville Building — 296-8 Madison Ave 

Sterling Bronze Building — 16-18 East 40th St 

National City Building — 316-30 Madison Ave 

Stem Bros — 35-45 West 42nd St 

Postal Life Building — 511 Fifth Ave 



National Ass'n Building — 27 West 43rd St 

Guarantee Trust Company — 524 Fifth Ave 

Harriman Bank — Fifth Ave 8l 44th St 

Central Building— 25-33 West 45th St 

Bush Building — 130 West 42nd St 

Times Building — Broadway &. 42nd St 

Lewisohn Building — 114 West 41st St 

Tilden Building— 105 West 40th St 

Worlds Tower Building— 11 0-12 West 40th St 

Pictorial Review — 528-36 Seventh Ave 

Garment Centre Realty Capital — 500 Seventh 
Ave 

Garment Centre Realty Capital — 494 Seventh 
Ave 

Herald Building — 141 West 36th St 

Times Annex — 223 West 43rd St 

42nd St Exchange — 153 West 45th St 

Chandler Building — 220 West 42nd St 

Theatres 

Globe Theatre — Broadway & 46th St 

Fulton Theatre — 206 West 46th St 

Cohan Theatre — Broadway 8l 43rd St 

New York Theatre — Broadway & 45th St 

Criterion Theatre — Broadway & 44th St 

Belasco Theatre — 111-21 West 44th St 

Hippodrome — Sixth Ave & 43-44th Sts 

The Republic Theatre — 207-11 West 42nd St 

Forty-second Street Theatre — 215-23 West 
42nd St 

Selwyn Theatre — 23 1 West 42nd St 

Lyric Theatre — 213 West 42nd St 

Times Square Theatre — 229 West 42nd St 

Forty-fourthStreetTheatre — 2 i8-3oWe8t 44thSt 



73 



Tile Edison Montfcly 

Shubert Theaire— 233 West 44th Si Maxine Ellion Theatre — la; is West 30lh St 
Broadhurst Theatie— 235 West «th Rt Loews State Theatre— 15,1? Broa.|«-ay 
Little Theatre— 338 West 44th St Hudson Thralre— 139 West 44th St 
Plymouth Theatre— 336 West 45th St ti > n j ^1 i_ 
Booth Theatre... West 4S.h St "°^='«' R^tB^'^tB and Club. 
Music Bo. Theatr^=30-47 West 45th St E"" Club-to8-t6 West 43rd St 
Morosco Theatr^2.7 West 4;th St '■""'l"' CI«l^w8-34 W«,t 44th St 
Biiou Theatre-... West 4Slh St """^l Somere«t~l 48-51 West 47th St 
The Astor Theatre Broadway & 45th St """' Somerset-i 13-23 West 43rd St 
Gaiety Theatre-200 West 46th St "°«' Royaltor.-44 West 44th Si 
Central Theatre Broadway & 47th St Columbia Clm^4-14 West 43rd St 
New Amsterdam Theatre— 216 West 42nd St Century Cli.l>~7 West 43rd St 
The Eltince Theatr^«6-4> West 42nd St « ^ Yaeht Club-37 West 44th St 
Liberty Theatre-234 West 42nd St City Club-ss West 44th St 
Fra^ee Theatte-2S4-6 West 42nd St ""'f' Web9ter-38-42 West 45th St 
Amencan Theatre— 260 West 43nd St Del mom™?— Fifth Ave & 44th St 
Metropohtan Opera Hous^ Broad way & 3Blh- ^"'"'^ '-^^Sue C1ul>-Fitth Ave ft 3Bth St 

40th Sta Murrays Restaurant- 218-32 West 4and St 
Broadway Theatre— Broadway & 41st St Continental Hotel— Broadway & 4111 St 
Comedy Theatre— 108-12 West 4iBt St Beaux Arts Restaurant— Sixth Ave & 40th Si 
Empire Theatre— 1426 Broadway Berkeley Arcade— IQ-IS West 44th St 
Thirty-ninth Street Theatre— 123 West 3ath 5t St Jamef Hotel— 1 11 We^t 4Sth St 




Under the Riverside Drive Viaduct ^ 


^^^^^^■^l^^^^^^v! r^' ifl^^^^^^^^^^bfl 




■fMlf^^l 


L 


rhe Riverside Drive Viidun With the Fort Lee Ferry Houk. the Railroad Crouini Gatu. and For ■ Back 

[round the Liihu of Jeruy'i NI|ht loduitnei. Tbe S-ihaped Streak of Light Marki the Coune of One 

of the Ferry Boat! 


1 



Truck Versatility 



IN the operation of electric trucks 
by the various businesses in New 
York, other cities will find many 
object lessons in the solution of deliv- 
ery problems, the reduction of costs 
and the elimination of delays. New 
York is the largest user of electric 
trucks in the world and the work per- 
formed by the \-e- 
hicles covers as 
wide a range of rc- 
quirements as 
could possibly be 
imagined. So too, 
is the territory 
served, for it in- 
cludes miles of as- 
phalted streets in 
the city and hills 
in the suburbs and 
outlying boroughs. 
Physically the 
Metropolitan terri- 
tory presents nm-i 
of the characteri>- 
tics that will l>c 

found in any other cicaoiine 

city. New York is 
also a city of distances, and electric ve- 
hicles, operating from the retail cen- 
tres, are frequently called upon for 
suburban runs that total well over 
forty miles. 

A brief glimpse at the situation in 
the Metropolitan district discloses the 
fact that 51 per cent of all the electric 
trucks in the United States are to be 
found here. More than four hundred 
firms use upward of 4,362 electric 
trucks and the number is daily in- 
creasing as merchants come more and 
more to the realization of the utility. 



economy and dependability of this 
type of transportation. That the ap- 
plication of electric trucks is not con- 
fined to any one industry or grouping 
of industries is shown by the fact thai 
the four hundred users represent over 
thirty-eight difTerent classes of busi- 
ness. The transportation problems 




I 



which confront the electric trucks in 
service with these firms are varied in 
the extreme and range from short 
hauls to docks and piers to long dis- 
tance deliveries in New Jersey and on 
Long Island. 

The adaptability of electric Irucks 
is not confined to any single industry 
and in those cases where company 
officials have made their trucking 
difficulties a study the result has al- 
most always been the installation of 
electric vehicles. 

Recently the Westcott Express 



lonth 



Company made a survey of the condi- 
tions under which its trucks operated . 
This sur\'ey showed among other 
things, that the storage battery vehi- 
cle could do all the work of the gaso- 
line truck within a certain field and do 
it at lower cost and to better advantage. 
The survey included an actual test be- 
tween a gasoline truck and an electric 
truck of similar capacity. Each of the 
trucks was given the same load and 
routing and accurate records were 
kept. After a month's test the figures 
showed that the electric had saved 
$118.69. had required much less time 
for repairs, and had done just as much 
work. As a result of this test the West- 
cott Express Company decided to dis- 
card all its gasoline trucks in New 
York City and to replace them with 
electrics. Although the express com- 
pany had already been using electric 
trucks for a number of years this 
added proof swung the balance of 
opinion definitely in favor of electrics. 
So much for the experience of one ex- 
press company. 



While large trucks of great carrying 1 
capacity are required for express 
service, the very opposite is true of 
neighborhood deliveries as made by 
bakers, laundrymen, department 
stores and grocers. The statement is 
often heard that horse-driven vehicles 
are still best for such deliveries butf 
that this is untrue in the majority of 1 
instances was shown not long ago by I 
the investigations conducted by the I 
Acker, Merrall and Condit Company, 
retail grocers. Having used horses for 1 
some time at the company's uptown f 
branch stores, this concern decided to 1 
try electric trucks and accordingly in- I 
stalled three, allowing them to oper- I 
ate side by side with the horse drawn f 
wagons. No great length of service J 
was needed to demonstrate the wis- I 
dom of the venture for the electric I 
trucks not only cost less to operate on ] 
a per mile basis but were able to do I 
the work of two and sometimes three I 
horses in the same number of hours. J 
Cleanliness too, was a factor and thCn 
Acker, Merrall and Condit Company^ 




son Montlily 



are conlinuing to 
replace horses with 
electric delivery 
cars wherever pos- 
sible. 

The element m| 
cleanliness found in 
electric trucks h;i> 
caused the cantK' 
making industry u> 
regard them with 
ever-increasing f.i- 
vor and a m o n i; 
other firms in tiii- 
business may I't- 
mentioned The 

Mirror Company New York is Hungry t 

who now operate 

three electric trucks of the two-ton 

size. The deliveries are made with 

greater reliability in this way while 

the goods are entirely free from 

the presence of any unpleasant 

odors. 

Restaurants also are employing 
electric trucks in large numbers and 
the Horn & Hardarl Company, pro- 
prietors of the Automat lunch rooms. 
may be cited as an instance in point. 
Your hungry New Yorker wants his 
lunch when he wants it, so it is essen- 
tial that deliveries be made on lime. 
Practically all of the cooking is done 
at a central commissary department, 
and delivered by electric truck to the 
lunch rooms throughout the city. The 
fourteen electric trucks which this 
company operates are on the streets 
both day and night and have always 
rendered dependable, satisfactory 
service. These fourteen electrics have 
been working for ten years already 
and a further life of at least eight 
years is confidently expected of 
them. 




Municipal authorities, too, are rec- 
ognizing the value of electric trucks 
and the Street Cleaning Department 
has installed them in its Fourteenth 
District, a district which embraces 
one-eighth of the entire Manhattan 
territory- The electric in this case is a 
large tractor which hauls loaded trail- 
ers containing rubbish and ashes to 
the city dump. It has already seen 
nine years of continuous operation. 
Hospitals have operated electric am- 
bulances for many years. New York 
Hospital has the largest electric am- 
bulance fleet in the City. Bellevue 
Hospital has several cars and the 
Gouveneur Hospital has just placed 
two in service. 

New York City business houses are 
now becoming fully awakened to the 
possibilities of electrical transporta- 
tion just as they have recognized the 
possibililiesofelectricity in other ways 
and reason is not lacking for the belief 
that electric trucks will soon be gen- 
erally used for all such work as falls 
within their sphere. 



1 he EfOison l^on 




A Little Bit of Syria 



IN the early days of the life of New 
York City there probably was a 
reason for naming the thoroughfare 
extending from Battery Place to 14th 
Street after the first president of the 
United States. At that time, perhaps, 
Washington Street was characteristic- 
ally American and boasted of many 
fine old families whose names made 
up the social register of the day. Even 
now, so many years after, one may 
find an old building or two — defaced 
by fire escapes and signs in a strange 
tongue — but still retaining a sugges- 
tion of its old aristocratic spirit. But 
these are fast disappearing, are being 
crowded out, or altered beyond recog- 
nition, in an endeavor to accommo- 
date a population from the East — 
from distant Syria — and to provide 
suitable place for these strange dark- 
eyed people to carry on their native 
art of lace and embroidery making. 

Why the Syrians should have chosen 
Washington Street for their center is a 
question. There is certainly nothing 
about the street itself which might at- 
tract these Easterners, made up as it is 
of a jumble of houses high and low, 
old and new. Perhaps the answer lies 
in the fact that Washington Street 
runs into Battery Place — not far from 
the pier which daily swarms with 
newly arrived immigrants from over- 
seas. And a long while ago when the 
first Syrian arrived in this country — 
there must have been a first Syrian 
sometime — he probably gave one 
frightened look around and then just 
happened to walk up Washington 
Street a few blocks, perhaps as far as 
Rector or Morris Streets, and there 



took a room and set up housekeeping. 
Almost everything starts in a simple 
little unimportant way like that. 

Of course our first Syrian sent word 
home about the wonderful, new coun- 
try of stone houses and paved streets 
and in a little while over came the fam- 
ily. Then the news spread and more 
families came and of course they all 
settled in Washington Street. Now 
Washington Street is New York's 
Syria, just as Pell, Mott and Doyer 
Streets represent China; Allen Street, 
Russia; Mulberry Bend, Italy; and 
Sixty-ninth Street and First Avenue, 
Bohemia. Little restaurants were 
opened, very simple and very plain, 
making no pretense at native decora- 
tion, but serving Syrian food, cooked 
Syrian fashion and served to a clien- 
tele of very exacting Syrians. The 
prices are very low and the food very 
good. 

Lace Making 

Conducting restaurants is not the 
specialty of the Syrian, however, as it 
is of the Italian or the Frenchman. 
Lace making is the industry that ab- 
sorbs the interest of these Eastern 
strangers in New York City — laces of 
every sort that frequently find their 
way to the show windows of Fifth 
Avenue. Much of it, however, you may 
purchase in the little shops along the 
street, but be ready to drive a bar- 
gain , for remember that you are a for- 
eigner in Syria when you shop on 
Washington Street. Most of this lace 
is made on the floors above the shops 
by girls apd women long trained in the 
intricate art. 



79 



The Edison Montkly 



There was a time when a bit of lace on a 
woman's gown, had it but a t jngue might tell 
a story of long tedious hours tf concentrated 
work, young fingers cramped and bright e>es 
dulled and strained — e\entualK ruined Girls 
sat at embroidery frames bending closer and 
closer to their work as the davhght fdded in i 
then continued working into the — 

night, the task made still mnrf 
diflicultbyanunsteadyand ll k 
ering light. 

And now? Howdifferent 
it is! Lace is still made by 
hand and made quickly 
too , but backs are not bent 
and eyes are not strained 
Modern lighting is used 
Work shops, which hereto 
fore, even at high noon __ 
caught but a dim reflection -, 
from the sun and at night ■€: 
were places of dancing 
shadows making ^ 

fine lace work a tor- 
ture to theworkers, 
are now bright and 
cheerful with soft 
white lights care- 
fully arranged and 
shaded. Naturally 
the work turned out 
naturally it is produced in greater 
quantity. 

It is a revelation to go into one of 
the old buildings on Washington 
Street; to climb a flight o( rickety 
stairs and with foreboding to open a 
door leading into a lace work room 
and instead of finding a gloomy dark 
room such as one half expects to find , 
to step into a brightly illuminated fac- 
tory, alive with the gay chatter and 
laughter of fifteen or twenty spark- 
ling-eyed Syrian girls. 

Over every embroidery frame hangs 




better and a shaded 



ight. Usually the shades 
are green, the most restful color to 
the eyes. In a number of the factories 
the lamps used give a light very 
closely approximating that of the 
sun. This permits perfect matching 
of colors. 

In the old days much valuable 
space was lost in the factories. Cer- 
tain rooms or parts of rooms were so 
dark as to make work impossible. 
Scientific illumination eliminates this 
condition, making every square foot 
of floor space yield good return and 
also makes for happy workers. 



Tke Edison Montlily 



The Edison Monthly 

Published by 
Tlw New Yotk Edison Company 

Qentnd Qflice) 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

New Vor Jc CfQ 



April, with a two-weeks' exhibit of 
electric vehicles and a luncheon meet- 
ing which brought together a repre- 
sentative gathering of users as well as 
manufacturers and dealers, was un- 
doubtedly one of the most auspicious 
months in the history of the industry 
in New York. The show proved a 
decided stimulus to the sale of electric 
trucks of various types and the lunch- 
eon brought forth unqualified endorse- 
ment of the vehicle from those best 
qualified to criticise or approve — the 
users. The luncheon, held at the 
Hotel Astor on April 4, will long be 
remembered by those in any way in- 
terested in electric transportation. As 
has already been said, itwasagather- 
ing of both users and manufacturers — 
butallthreeof the afternoon's speakers 
were users. All the fine things said 
about electric trucks on that occa- 
sion, of things done, of economies ef- 
fected, and of service rendered, were 
said by those whose capital is in- 
vested in electric trucks. 

The speakers were Mr Robert E M 
Cowie, vice president of the American 
Railway Express Company, the larg- 
est user of electric trucks in the world; 
Mr H F Hotchkiss representing Mr 
G Marks, assistant to the general 
man^erof the New York, New Haven 
and Hartford Railroad, and Mr J E 



Dann, president of the Pilgrim 
Laundry of Brooklyn. Mr Cowie de- 
scribed the operation of electric trucks 
in express service throughout the 
country;Mr Marks' paper was devoted 
to the use of electric industrial trucks 
in the great freight transfer stations 
of the railroad at New York, New 
Haven, Providence and Boston; and 
Mr Dann described the operation of 
light electric delivery wagons in house 
to house service in a local territory. 

All three papers were rich in facts and 
figures pertaining to the operation of 
storage battery propelled vehicles and 
they showed beyond question that in 
their proper'fields electrics far outclass 
any other type of delivery equipment. 
To comment on these papers would 
seem almost like "gilding the lily" 
and while it is usually an editorial 
prerogative to make such comments, 
the privilege is foregone in this case 
and the following extracts are re- 
printed just as they were delivered. 



From Mr Cowie's address: — "We 
have a very soft spot in our hearts for 
the electric vehicle, — a selfish prefer- 
ence for the electric vehicle, because 
of its satisfactory performance in our 
peculiar service. We find it very de- 
pendable; we find the cost compared 
with other types of vehicles to be 
reasonable; we find the necessity for 
carrying parts for replacement to be 
very much less than in connection 
with the gas car; and what is of greater 
importance than that, is the fact that 
on our congested streets in all of the 
large cities, — we have other types of 
vehicles, including the horse-drawn, — 
we have fewer accidents and personal 
injuries in connection with the elec- 



Tke Edison Montkl 



trie vehicles than we have with any of 
the other types of vehicles that I 
have mentioned. . . . 

**It may be of some interest to you 
men engaged in this particular in- 
dustry to know that 83/^ per cent of 
all the motor vehicles purchased for 
this Metropolitan district in the past 
twelve months have been electrically 
propelled cars. It may further be of 
interest to you to know that in the 
last thirty days I have appended my 
signature to certain documents in ap- 
proval of the purchase of 104 electric 
motor vehicles. . . . 

*'I might say that only recently I 
took 50 gas cars out of one city alone, 
and replaced them with 50 electrics.** 

In opening his address Mr Cowie 
commented upon its title, Electric 
Trucks in the Service of the American 
Railway Express Company. * * I would 
probably have made the caption/* he 
said, ** * Electric Trucks in the Service 
of the American Railway Express 
Company are Indispensable.*'* 

From the paper presented by Mr 
Hotchkiss: — *'It will interest you to 
know that the facts and methods out- 
lined in this paper are not theories 
but the results of personal observation 
and operation; of actual results; of 
* honest to goodness' use, in handling 
large volumes of freight in all sorts of 
places and under varying conditions. 

**The New Haven Railroad now 
operates four different stations and 
transfers with tractors and trailers: 
Pier 39, East River, Providence, Bos- 
ton and Cedar Hill Transfer: — 

**As a combined proposition, con- 
sidering the total cost at these stations 
prior to the introduction of any form 



of drop-truck and the present cost 
with tractor and trailer, it has been 
our experience that the handling cost 
has been reduced between 14 and 25 
cents per ton, directly due to the 
mechanical equipment, and further, 
that it has been possible to save, 
within a period of from eight to ten 
months, an amount equivalent to the 
entire cost of the installation.** 

A record of 2836 tons has been 
handled in one day (at Cedar Hill 
where there are sixteen tractors and 
six hundred trailers) while 350 cars 
can be regularly worked and freight 
transferred into approximately 280 
cars in the outbound classifications. 
It would be an impossibility to ap- 
proach this performance under hand- 
powered operation, regardless of 
number of men. 

From the address by Mr Dann: — 
**We have thirty-four electric trucks. 
We have no horses, as I have already 
told you. For our purpose the electric 
truck is just the thing. Our calls are 
frequent, as high in some cases — I 
have it reported — as fifty-seven stops 
in a block, and consequently it really 
is the only vehicle that we could use. 

** In three months* time thirty-two 
cars covered 34,422 miles, and the 
average mileage per single car per day 
was 10.34 miles, due to the fact, as 
our route superintendent tells me, that 
we make our collection and delivery 
at the same time, and so we are not 
obliged to cover our territory twice. 
The total cost per car per month is 
$20.39, This item is made up of the 
actual fixed charges on maintenance 
only, and depreciation is not in- 
cluded.** 



83 



_ J 


The Edison MontKly 


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_' J 



The Electric Automobile Show 



THE second annual Electric Auto- 
mobile Show was held during the 
two weeks beginning April 3 in 
the showroom of the New York Edison 
Company at Irving Place and Fif- 
teenth Street. With a luncheon at the 
Hotel As tor on Tuesday, April 4, and 
the exhibit covering a period of two 
weeks, the electric vehicle dealers in 
the metropolitan territory succeeded 
in making April one of the most auspi- 
cious months in the history of the in- 
dustry. More than thirty manufac- 
turers contributed to the exhibit of pas- 
senger cars, trucks and automobile ac- 
cessories. During the first week, street 
trucks ranging from 750-pound ca- 
pacity up to five tons were shown . Pas- 
senger cars were also shown during 
this week, including the first electric 
ever run in New York. This pioneer 
of the modern electric passenger car is 
a three-wheeled affair steered rudder 
fashion by the rear wheel. The front 
wheels are propelled by a motor; the 
batteries being located behind the 
seat. The latest in electric taxicabs, 
the Electrocar, was the object of much 
attention and the new Steinmetz truck 
also proved a drawing card. 

On April 9, the beginning of the 
second week of the show, big trucks 
gave way to the electric industrial 
trucks, which have proved so helpful 
in handling the ever-increasing freight 
traffic at railroad and steamship ter- 
minals and piers. The exhibit of acces- 
sories extended over both weeks and 
included storage batteries, charging 
apparatus, and electric control equip- 
ment. Chauffeur's uniforms were also 
shown. 



Besides the many sales made through 
the show which, of course, were of ad- 
vantage to the dealers and manufac- 
turers, the Electric Automobile Show 
demonstrated to the public at large 
the great strides that have been made 
in this industry. 

Electrics in Local Service 

According to Charles R Skinner, Jr, 
Manager of the Show, there are more 
than $23,000,000 worth of electric 
trucks operating in the metropolitan 
territory today, eight hundred of which 
were purchased during the past two 
years. A roster of electric truck users 
includes the names of the American 
Railway Express with 1225 trucks, 
WardBakingCompanywith625trucks, 
The New York Edison Company with 
121 and Cushman and Sons, Inc, with 
150. Some of the trucks in service are 
more than twenty-three years old. 
There are 980 that are ten years old 
and 106 that are more than fifteen 
years old. So far as the future is con- 
cerned, Mr Skinner said that if elec- 
tric trucks in their field were adopted 
where other types are now used, there 
would be an annual saving in operating 
costs of nearly $600,000,000. 

**Just as electricity took the place 
of more costly, less efficient power in 
our railroad locomotives and street 
cars, so electric trucks will replace 
horses and other types of trucks for at 
least 70 per cent of all city haulage/* 
said Mr Skinner. 

The electric taxicab will doubtlessly 
have a place in the future. It has an 
operating capacity of from sixty to 
seventy miles on a single charge and 



S5 







although this will be ample for the re- 
quirements of city work, provision has 
been made for the rapid change of bat- 
teries in case a twenty-four hour serv- 
ice should be required. The car is so 
conslruclcri that it will be possible to 



remove the exhausted battery and re- 
place it with a fresh one in about the 
same time required to refill the gaso- 
line tank. 

How easily and efficiently electric 
trucks and passenger cars may be op- 



I 




Tke Edison Montkly 




erated was very eloquenilj- demon- 
strated when the exhibits were driven 
into the big showroom under their 
own power. Placing them meant care- 
ful maneuvering among ten ornamen- 
tal columns and six plate-glass show 
cases. In backing and shifting there 
was a clearance of less than two inches 
between the wheel hubs and the 
corners of the show cases. That three 
5-ton trucks, two 
s'-^-ton trucks. two 
^-ton trucks and 
three passenger 
cars, not to men- 
tion the motorized 
trailers and lifts, 
were moved in 
without so much 
as a scratch on the 
walls or a crack in 
the glass speaks 
well for the control 
equipment of elec- 
trics. 

On April 4, \h>: 
annual luncheon u( 
electric vehicle 
manufacturers and 



dtMlLTs W.1S held at the Hold .Astor. 
Among the speakers were Mr Robert 
K M Cowie, vice president of the 
American Railway Express, the 
largest user of electrics in the world, 
Mr H F Hotchkiss of the New 
York, New Haven and Hartford Rail- 
road and Mr J E Dann. president of 
ihe Pilgrim Laundr\' of Brooklyn. Mr 
Arthur Williams, general commercial 
manager of The New York Edison 
Company presided. Many of the 
guests availed themselves of Mr Wil- 
liams' invitation to attend the show 
after the luncheon. 

In his speech at the luncheon, Mr 
Robert E M Cowie, vice president of 
the American Railway E.xpress Com- 
pany said that their Company had 
found that the electric truck tends to 
lessen traffic congestion and that there 
are fewer injuries per car where elec- 
trics are employed. He said that in the 
last twelve months, 83}.3% of the 
company's vehicles purchased for the 
metropolitan district were electrics. He 



tni!' 




J 



Tlie Eijison Montlily 



made a point of ihe fact that the elec- 
tric has the necessary speed consistent 
with safety and that their upkeep is 
50% less than that of any motor- 
driven vehicle. 

Mr H F Hotchkiss spoke concern- 
ing the trailer trucks hauled or pushed 
by electric tractors which, he said. 
have made possible radical economies 
through the elimination of old pro- 
cedures on railway freight platforms. 
"Through the use of trailers" Mr 
Hotchkiss said "it has been definitely 
developed that rush hours can be pro- 
tected and the actual loading kept 
abreast of the receipts so that at the 
dose of the day, the quantity of 
freight remaining not loaded is reduced 
to a minimum." Mr J E Dann, presi- 
dent of the Pilgrim Laundry of Brook- 



lyn, told the assemblage of the vast 
business of his company, and of the 
territory it served and said that the 
collections and deliveries are made by 
an all-electric fleet of thirty-seven ve- 
hicles. No horses are employed by the 
Pilgrim Laundry because sometimes as 
many as fifty-seven stops have to be 
made in a single block. The eleclric 
with its easy stopping and starting is 
especially adaptable for this work. 

The movement of traffic in New 
York City is gradually becoming a 
slower process, due to the increasing 
number of vehicles in the streets. Any 
step taken to relieve this congestion is 
a step for the better. The electric 
truck is very compact and its mode of 
operatiori is so efficient u=- in make it 
^lll■nl..-[d^,i^lM,■^,■llirK■^.^Mlyuse. 





Tkc Ediaon Montkly 



Many express company officials, 
superintendents, and shipping depart- 
ments and others attended the Show 
during its second week to see the lat- 
est developments in electric elevating 
trucks, crane trucks, trailers and trac- 
tors. By the use of 
the elevating truck 
on freight plat- 
forms, severalskids 
may be employed 
thus avoiding idle- 
ness on the part of 
theelevating truck'- 
during the loading 
andunloadingproc- 
ess. Such an ele- 
vating truck used 
in combination 
with an electric for 
delivering the mer- 
chandise or freight 
is the most efficient 
method of freight 



handling now available, as was shown 
by Mr Hotchldss' paper. 

While as a matter of course, the 
electric truck manufacturers and deal- 
ers showed an interest in the show, co- 
operating in every way possible to 
make it the success that it was, the 
general public also evinced a very 
lively interest. Many hundreds of 
people came to the show to ask ques- 
tions and to carry away literature con- 
cerning the exhibits. 

The storage battery which supplied 
I he energy for the first electric lamps 
L-ver seen by Esquimos aroused as 
much interest during the show as it 
did in the Polar regions in 1914. The 
Crocker Land Expedition carried the 
battery, part of a portable lighting 
outfit, and it never ceased to excite 
the wonder of the strange people of 
the north. 

In a letter to Mr William Van C 
Brandt of the Electric Storage Battery 
Company, dated Elah, North Green- 
land, Saturday, August 1, 1914, Fitz- 
hugh Green, U S N. engineer and 




physicist of the expedition, wrote: 
"Our battery of seveiily-six cells 
was shipped to \ew York in June. 
They were stored in the Navy Yard. 
Then by freight we took them to the 
ship and into the hold. Stevedores 
handle everything as if it were baled 
waste and the batteries were not ex- 
cepted. 

"At Etah we were forced to land 
over the ice and rocks. Putting up 
the house required nearly three weeks 
and the motor generator meant an- 
other week's delay before we finally 
got at the batteries early in October. 
Filling the jars and giving the whole 
a good overcharge we switched over 
to our lights which we had wired 
throughout the house. There was a 
blaze of light. The Esquimos gath- 
ered for the occasion were wild with 
delight. It was great! 

"We secured a tremendous amount 
of light without any extraordinary 



lonth 

expenditure of oil in the charging en- 
gine. When you consider that the sun 
is gone for one hundred and seventeen 
days and that even the occasional 
moons are only too often buried in 
blizzards you can realize what real 
light meant to our little crowd. We 
rigged a big reflector and 30-cp lamp 
over our front door. Many a lime 
you were enjoying the bright sun- 
shine of a winter afternoon while we 
were keeping in condition running 
over the ice of the Fiord in a day- 
time pitch black except for thatblessed 
light." 

The first Electric Automobile Show 
was a success. This year's show, the 
second, was a greater success, both in 
the number of sales made and in the 
enthusiasm and interest it created. 
The future of the electric vehicle is 
assured because good transportation 
is based on economy and reliability^ — 
and the electric has both. 




The Cozy Home 




HERE are many things that 
help to make a house homelike — 
furniture, rugs, draperies, pic- 
tures, books, and lights. But no 
matter how elaborate the furnishings 
are, there can never be the real home- 
like atmosphere if the lighting system 
does not receive the same thoughtful 
planning that is expended on the 
rest of the house. The lighting 
equipment must be chosen with the 
same consideration for refinement 
and taste that is given to everything 
else. Most of us have not a great 
deal of leisure during the day and it is 
in the evening that we relax and seek 
pleasure. Therefore we appreciate 
the restful quiet of a tastefully ar- 
ranged living room where there are no 
jarring notes to disturb our sense of 
proportion, and where the coloring 
is soft and the lights are soft, and 
everything seems to harmonize. 

Friends are always grateful for a 
certain amount of intimate seclusion, 
and intimacy in lighting accomplishes 
this. By this intimacy is meant 
lighting from floor lamps, table lamps, 
wall brackets, or candle sticks in 
contrast to the more formal chande- 
lier. Esp)ecially is this true of the 
living room. 

Almost anyone knows the home- 
like feeling enjoyed while reading a 
favorite book in the friendly light of a 
reading lamp. A deep arm chair or 
the corner of a davenport never seems 
so cosily secure from interruptions as 
when a neighboring lamp casts golden 
rays upon it. 

For centuries men have abused 
their sight because they have not 



given consideration to the proper 
lighting of their homes, their shops, 
or their public buildings. But the past 
half century, with the improved 
methods of lighting, has seen tremen- 
dous advances toward the elimination 
of a very serious condition. There 
should be no glare, which like noise in 
sound verges on vulgarity. Glare- 
less light is restful to the nerves, 
healthful to the eyes, and artistic and 
pleasing. The light can be properly 
diffused so that there is an absence 
of glare and its opposite, black 
shadows. Portable lamps meet this 
requirement of good lighting. 

Match the Furnishings 

Besides supplying light, portables 
should be just as much a part of the 
furnishings as anything else, and 
therefore they should harmonize with 
their surroundings. If they succeed 
in this they cannot help but con- 
tribute to the homelike atmosphere 
of the house. For instance, a small 
lamp on a small table, placed at just 
the right angle so that it seems to 
belong and is not perched there like a 
piece of misplaced bric-a-brac, may 
add a much needed touch to a corner 
that would otherwise seem bare and 
lacking in warmth. A candelabra — 
it may be an old fashioned pewter, 
brass, or silver one that has been 
wired for electricity — goes far toward 
creating the atmosphere of coziness. 
Even before the threshhold is reached 
the small lanterns hanging one on 
each side of the door beckon welcom- 
ingly to you to enter friendly portals. 
And lo! In the living room a long 



91 



r 
L 


TKe Edison MontMy 

table holds a crystal bowl wherein On the other hand if the surroundings 
lay red roses that bask in the golden are not dark they assist by reflection 
light from a slender table lamp. In an unusually large room two or 
In the homelike house that has three lamps may be placed where ih< 
been wired for electricity a generous light is particularly desired, and this 
number of outlets have been distri- arrangement can be made so that il 
buted so that il is possible to place is glareless and restful to the nerves, 
portable lamps in any of the rooms to at the same time artistic and har- 

suit one's taste. This alluws for tlie munious with the other fittings of ihe 
development of individuality and room. 

creates something interesting, breath- It would hardly be wise to say thai 
ingpersonalityandcharm,allofwhich all lighting fixtures should be dis- 
areessentialtotheartofhomemaking. carded in favor of portables but it is 
The amount of light that is needed quite evident that portable lamps can 
in a room varies according to the be so arranged as to give the beat 
color of the walls and hangings, the possible light and meet all require- 
tastes of those occupying the room, ments for the decorative scheme o) 
and the size of the room. Dark colors the home. Not only are they practi- 
absorb light and therefore more is cal for living room and bedroom ust 
needed where they are employed, but also efficient for the dining table. 
91 


1 

• 

1 



Tke Edison Montkl 



Very effective results can be obtained 
in silk and parchment lamp shades 
chosen in colors or color combina- 
tions to harmonize with their sur- 
roundings Those who are blessed 
with artistic fingers can deftly make 
them at home, or selection can be 
made at the display room of any fix- 
ture dealer. 

There are many possibilities in 
portable lamps. They seem to give 
the touch that completes the cozi- 



ness of the evening at home; they 
supply good light that is suitable for 
various activities; they become as 
much a part of the home as any 
article of furniture or decoration and 
unlike permanent fixtures can be 
moved with that furniture if any 
change is made. Portable lamps are 
infinitely pleasing when tastefully 
chosen and their beauty as well as 
utility helps create a homelike atmos- 
phere. 



The Call of the Light 





All through the busy day it stands, — 
Bronzed, or lacquered, with jeweled bands; 
Ruddy with copper or gleam of brass; 
Yet cold, as the sunlit hours pass. 
But when the twilight haze is rife, 
Swiftly it quickens to glowing life; 
Till gently, subtly, its silent call. 
In its magic circle has drawn them all! 

The schoolboy comes with his evening task, 
In the mellow warmth of its light to bask; 
The tired mother sinks softly down ; 
Father smoothes out his work day frown; 
Grandmother peers with a smiling face. 
Silver crowned, from her wonted place; 
And little ones gather with happy look. 
For story, or game, or picture book. 



The circle widens, as tender speech 
Brings absent dear ones within its reach. 
As a pebble flung by a careless hand. 
Sends the broadening ripples to distant land. 
Steadily, whitely, the home-light beams 
On hopes and wishes and eager dreams; 
And Peace and Contentment, set their stamp 
On the kindly glow of the Evening Lamp! 

— Pauline Frances Camp 








93 



Airplane Vie^vs of Edison Service 

Uptown W^all Street 



WITH the Grand Central 
Terminal in the central 
foreground, the photograph 
on the opposite page represents one 
of the most recent and startling real 
estate and building dev^elopments 
that has occurred in New York for 
many years. In a city which due to 
its topography is rapidly approaching 
the condition of being greatly over- 
crowded in certain sections, and par- 
ticularly those *Vhere merchants most 
do congregate/* sudden migrations of 
interests devoted to particular phases 
of business and industry quite fre- 
quently occur. Thus the needle 
trades, finding themselves in cramped 
quarters on Fifth Avenue in the 
Twenties and Thirties as though by 
pre-conceived design moved in a 
body to Seventh Avenue. There are 
rumors that the jewelers* trade which 
for so many years has been located 
on Maiden Lane is planning to move 
to another and less crowded locality. 
And now the patriarch of them all, 
the grave and sedate world-famous 
Wall Street, practically the hub of the 
world's financial interests, has split 
and moved uptown to the so-called 
Grand Central zone in the neighbor- 
hood of East 42nd Street and has 
constructed for itself a sky-scraper 
district which bids fair to equal that 
which towers into the heavens at 
the lower end of Manhattan Island. 

The district is of particular interest 
from the electrical viewpoint because 
so many of the largest and" most 
important buildings receive their cur- 
rent supply from the Central Station. 



This includes both the new buildings 
constructed during the past few 
years and other buildings which have 
been remodeled and modernized. 

It has now come to be an almost 
invariable rule when any remodelingor 
construction work is done, that Cen- 
tral Station Service be installed to sup- 
ply the electrical requirements of the 
building. Practically all of these new 
skyscrapers of New York's uptown 
Wall Street are electrically supplied 
both for lighting and power purposes 
by Central Station Service. 

Recent electrical power develop- 
ments in connection with elevator 
service have proved a great boon to 
modern office buildings, greatly facili- 
tating their freight and passenger 
traffic. The old hydraulic elevator 
so complicated, and unreliable, and 
inefficien t ly operated by * * home made* * 
steam has no place in the modern 
office building, equipped as it is with 
the latest type of high speed electric 
cars. Electric side walk lifts for 
handling freight, and electrically 
operated house pumps, sprinklers, 
and ventilating systems such as have 
been installed in almost all of these 
buildings tend to reduce overhead 
expenses to a minimum. 

Edison Served Buildings in the 42nd 
Street District 

Arnold Constable and Company — 453-9 Fifth 
Avenue 

Foster Building — 278-80 Madison Avenue 

Warfield Building — 461-9 Fifth Avenue 

The Architects Building — loi Park Avenue 

Fifth Avenue Branch Farmers Loan and Truit 
Co — 475 Fifth Avenue 

Johns-Manville Building — 28 East 41st Street — 
296-8 Madison Avenue 



95 



Tke Edison Montkl; 



Chemists Club — 50-54 East 41st Street 

Rogers Peet and Company — 479 Fifth Avenue 

Manhattan Storage Warehouse-^3 74-390 Lexing- 
ton Avenue 

Loew's 42nd Street Theatre — 385 Lexington 
Avenue 

Liggett Building — 315-23 Madison Avenue — 
35-49 East 42nd Street 

National City Building — 95 East 42nd Street — 
316-30 Madison Avenue 

Transit Building — 5-7 East 42nd Street 

Seymour Building — 503 Fifth Avenue 

Columbia Bank Building — 507 Fifth Avenue 

Postal Life Building — 511-13 Fifth Avenue 

Charles Building — 40-42 East 43rd Street 

Harriman National Bank — 523-9 Fifth Avenue 

Chicago Penumatic Tool Co — 6-8 East 44th Street 

Canadian Pacific Building — 342-4 Madison 
Avenue 

Delmonico's — 531 Fifth Avenue 

Borden Building — 16-28 East 45th Street 

Equitable Trust Co — 347-53 Madison Avenue 

S W Strauss & Company — 563-9 Fifth Avenue — 
7 East 46th Street 

W & J Sloane — 571-7 Fifth Avenue 

Bristol Building — 509 Fifth Avenue 

Guaranty Trust Co — 524-28 Fifth Avenue 

Marcus Building — 542-4 Fifth Avenue 

L P Hollander Building — 560-2 Fifth Avenue 

Black. Starr & Frost — 562-4 Fifth Avenue 

Collegiate Church of St Nicholas — 600 Fifth 
Avenue 

Charles Scribner's Sons — 597 Fifth Avenue 

Belgravia Apartments — 611 Fifth Avenue 

Democratic Club— 617 Fifth Avenue — 3-7 East 
49th Street 

St. Patrick's Cathedral — Fifth Avenue and East 
50th Street 

Frances Building — 665-71 Fifth Avenue — 2 East 
53rd Street 

Cammeyer Building — 677 Fifth Avenue 

Criterion Club — 683 Fifth Avenue 

J M Gidding & Company — 724-6 Fifth Avenue 

Duveen Brothers — 720 Fifth Avenue and West 
56th Street 

Fifth Ave Presbyterian Church — West 55th 
Street fit Fifth Avenue 

St Thomas P E Church— West S3rd Street fit 
Fifth Avenue 

New York Trust Co — East 57th Street fit Fifth 
Avenue 

Langdon Building — 717-19 Fifth Avenue 

St Bartholomew P E Church — Park Avenue 
and West 51st Street 

Racquet fit Tennis Club — 360-76 Park Avenue 

Montana Apartments — 375 Park Avenue 

Central Presbyterian Church — Madison Avenue 
and 57th Street 

Sydenham Building — 58th Street and Madison 
Avenue 



Bankers' Trust Co — 23-5 East 57th Street — 598 
Madison Avenue 

Hotel Essex — 572-6 Madison Avenue 

Plaza Theatre — Madison Avenue & spth Street 

Hotel Mansfield— 12 West 44th Street 

Society of Mechanics fit Tradesmen — 20 West 
44th Street 

Putnam Building — 2-6 West 45th Street 

Berkeley Arcade — 20 West 45th Street 

Central Building— 25-33 West 45th Street 

Har\'ard Club— 28-36 W>st 45th Street 

Columbia University Club — 4-14 West 43rd 
Street 

Academy of Medicine — 17 West 43rd Street 

Brook Club — 7 East 40th Street 

Park Avenue Operating Company, Inc — 104-xo 
East 40th Street 

Yale fit Towne Mfg Co — 911 East 40th Street 

Stafford Brothers, Inc — 15-17 East 40th Street 

Physicians Building — 40-44 East 4i8t Street 

300 Madison Avenue, Inc — 300 Madison Avenue 

45th and 46th St Corpomtion — 11-15 £a«t 45th 
Street 



Electrical Companies To Hold 

Convention 

The annual convention of the Met- 
ropolitan New York Section of the 
National Electric Light Association 
is to be held in New York on Friday, 
Mav 26th. Business sessions cover- 
ing the commercial, technical, account- 
ing and administrative problems X)f the 
local electric light and power com- 
panies will be held in the morning 
and afternoon in the Engineering and 
Societies Building, 29 West 39th 
Street. In the evening there will be 
an entertainment and dance at the 
Waldorf-Astoria . 

Hark, Hark, the Spark! 

An electric spark 
Went on a lark, 

One dark and gloomy day ; 
It made its mark 
The gloom and dark, 

And drove them both away. « 

— r M Bri^ 



96 






i 



i 



Artificial Eyes 



THE thought of eye injuries and 
blindness seems inevitably to be 
associated with industry, an 
unhappy condition which industry 
has been able to reduce by various 
protective measures but which it has 
never been able wholly to overcome. 
But the empty eye socket antedates 
modern industrial conditions by many 
centuries and long before a blast fur- 
nace was ever thought of. or a grinding 
wheel driven at high speed, our 
Roman and Egyptian ancestors were 
seeking to overcome the disfigure- 
ment of an injured eye. Perhaps the 
goggle of today is a direct descendant 
of some primitive protective device, 
just as the glass artificial eye is a 
direct descendant of the painted strips 
of linen with which the Ancients 
sought to conceal their misfortune. 

Yet, in spite of a very active 
and effective propaganda in the 
interest of safety — although goggles 
are now used in almost every industry 
where the menace of flying particles 
exists — eye casualties are still an all 
too frequent occurrence. They con- 
stitute fully ten per cent of the two 
million non-fatal accidents which 
occur in this country every year. 
Fortunately many of the eye acci- 
dents are not more serious than 
some of the cut limbs and sprained 
ankles, but just as there are accidents 
which cost an arm or a leg there are 
accidents that cost an eye. As a 
result of this, industry has produced 
an industry within itself— the manu- 
facture of glass eyes. Happily this 
unusual industry is not a very large 
one. Three firms, all located in 



\ew York City, find their output ' 
adequate to supply the needs of the 
United States. Canada and Mexico. 

Although manufacturers state that* 
one person in every three hundred! 
has suffered the loss of an eye the^ 
layman may be inclined to be skepti- 
cal. He |ia,-^sc^ thousand?! of people 




a day and he does not see many who 1 
appear to be sightless. And in i 
he pays tribute to the skill of the 1 
artisan who has provided so perfect a I 
mask for hiding so unfortunate an.l 
affliction. 

Artificial eyes were made as early I 
as 500 B C. The priests of Rome,!" 
who practiced as physicians and'.! 
surgeons, included eye making inj 
their craft. The eyes of that periodl 
were made of earthen-ware, modeled] 



The EJison Monttly 



lifesize and painted to represent the 
human eye and eye-lids. This was 
mounted on a piece of flesh colored 
linen, and gummed to the face. In 
brief, the eyes were worn outside the 
socket, and though it must have 
proved a clumsy substitute, it was 
evidently appreciated by the wearers. 
The ancient Egyptians used a hollow 
globe of gold, deftly enamelled. Glass 
eyes were first made about 1579 and 




were a crude production of inferior 
workmanship; iris and pupil being 
handpainted in a far from Hfe-like 
manner. In King Lear, Shakespeare 
mentions glass eyes, the King advis- 
ing the blind traitor, Gloucester, to 
"Get thee glass eyes and seem to see." 
The present-day industries in which 
the eye hazard is highest are: iron and 
steel manufacture, machine opera- 
tion, shipping, grinding, and polish- 
ing, riveting, welding and cutting, 
mining and quarrying, chemistry, 



nietallurgic operations, glass making, 
sand-blasting, wood working, garment 
trades and agricultural pursuits. 
Pennsylvania, with its coal mining 
and iron and steel manufacturing, 
leads with an average of 350 eyes 
lost annually; California, with its 
logging, quarrying and agriculture, 
comes second with an average of 200 
losses; New York with its general 
industries, third, and Minnesota, 
with its irritating and poisonous 
dusts in connection with its milling. 
fourth. 

By far the greatest number of 
casualties is due to small pieces of 
steel or metal that find lodgment in 
ihe eye. causing serious injury and 
necessitating, in many cases, the 
removal of the eyeball. The war, of 
course, added its quota of victims. A 
-.urprising number of eyes are lost 
ihrough automobile accidents, and 
many are lost through being struck 
by golf balls. At least one case a 
week is found where a child's eye 
has been lost through the agency of 
an air gun and "BB" bullet. 

A large number of eye accidents 
result from contributory causes. Poor 
lighting of industrial work-places is a 
prolific cause of accidents. Men 
attempting to operate machinery in 
badly lighted places have often been 
injured because they could not see 
what they were doing. 

The manufacture of artificial eyes 
has attained a high slate of perfection 
and is now a distinct and recognized 
art. The plant of Mager and Gougel- 
mann in East 12th Street, where 
eyes were first made in the United 
States by Peter Gougelmann in 1851, 
is typical of the three in America 
engaged in eye-making. Both Mr 



The Edison MontKly 



r 



Mager and Mr Pierre Gougeimann, 
son of the first manufaclurer, say 
that etertricily has played no small 
part in their success. The firm has 
used ail kinds of artificial illuminanls 
in its laboratories but none but 
electricity has so nearly approached 
"daylight" which is so necessary in 
matching colors. 

In the matter of colors, eye-making 
has little in common with com- 
mercial glass-blowing. Glass eyes, 
as a rule, are made lo order and the 
color and marking must match per- 
fectly the good eyes, Very often 
the patient sits opposite the artist 
as he works with his glass pigments. 

Artificial eyes are made from glass 
tubes about half an inch in diam- 
eter. Under excessive heat fur- 
nished by an electrically operated 
blow torch these are drawn to the 
proper size and shaped. The tube is 
hollow and through it air is blown 
to maintain the form of the eye. The 
person for whom the eye is being 
made is seated beside the artist, 
who works with colored glass as a 
painter would with oils, reproducing 
the desired color in much the same 
way that a painter would a portrait. 
The glass pigment sticks are before 
the worker on his table. This table 
is arranged with a blow-pipe having 
air pressure which causes intense heat 
varying from twelve to fifteen hun- 
dred degrees. 

The artist selects one of the tubes 
and draws it out into the flame, 
picking up the color for the back- 
ground from the many sticks of glass 
before him. When the background 
has been made, small pieces of glass 
are fused on to represent the iris of 
the natural eye, or better the colored 



pigment. After these colors are ( 
lained, the pupils, pieces of blackj 
enamel, are fused. The crj'stal isl 
next placed upon these colors and. 
fused and the iris is blown to 
proper size. 

Since the human eye appears to! 
change color under varying light! 
conditions, an effort is made by! 
the maker of the artificial member tdL 



:ai3pr 



strike an average. Wearers who J 
desire the closest possible resemblance I 
lo the natural eye at all times usually I 
have two made, one having an en- 
larged pupil for use at night. 

The next stage, however, in thej 
completion of the eye is the veining J 
which consists of areddish tinge drawflf 
out in very small strings. The veini 
vary and in some eyes it is hardljff 
necessary to have them at all. Ad 
least one hour is required to mak^f 
an eye, and even then, the artist is ] 
not always successful. 



TKe Edison MontKly 



The Edison Monthly 

Pubiished by 
The New York Edison Company 

Qenentt OSiixi 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 
New York Gty 



The intimate relationship existing 
between a prosaic electric motor and 
the inspired works of the sculptor is 
little known except to those who have 
enjoyed the privilege of a visit to some 
studio. Yet from the time the clay 
model .is delivered by its creator to 
the artists who are to reproduce it in 
stone, the motor plays a most essen- 
tial part. Considering the depend- 
ence now placed upon it one cannot 
but wonder at the handicaps over- 
come by the masters of an earlier day. 

Not the least important of its tasks 
is the hoisting of huge blocks of mar- 
ble and swinging them into position on 
the stone cutters' pedestals; light, too, 
is an all important factor in the studio 
that must make its minutes count. 
Electricity, as seen in the Piccirilli stu- 
dio in the Bronx, is also used in the 
actual cutting of the stone — the pro- 
duction of the statue, or has relief, or 
heroic figure. Through the use of 
measuring instruments, scales, and 
calipers, the reproduction of a sculp- 
tured model is to a certain extent a 
matter of mathematical exactness — 
provided, however, the workman who 
is using these instruments is endowed 
with the requisite skill. Instruments 
and motors do not carve figures in 
stone but they do help in the hand» of 



With the lines charted by his meas- 
uring instruments, the stone cutter 
has recourse to his electrical equip- 
ment — nothing less than a compressed 
air hammer with which he drives his 
varied shaped cutting tools through 
the material before him. He must 
have just as much skill as any early 
master, for his hand must guide the 
cutting edge whether the impact be- 
hind the blow is delivered by hammer 
or by compressed air. But when air is 
used through the agency of a motor- 
driven compressor there is no ex- 
hausting fatigue to limit the day's 



The modem stage owes a great deal 
to the genius of those electrical wiz- 
ards who have done so much toward 
the development of realism in the 
world of make-believe. How much , is 
indicated by the difference between 
the lighting of the stages on the "kero- 
sene circuit" and the elaborate equip- 
ment of the present day theatre where 
so many of the effects are produced by 
the manipulation of lights. 

Obviously there is little room for 
economy where art asks for so much, 
and it is only through another use of 
electricity in the form of lighting and 
painted slides that artistic effects have 
been made possible at any but prohib- 
itive costs. The new idea represents 
the essence of economy in settings and 
the height of artistic scenic effects. 

The new art does away with expen- 
sive painted scenery, and replaces it 
with projected backgrounds, the scene 
to be shown being painted on small 
glass plates, and thrown upon a color- 
less screen. By means of projector 
and arc light the small painting is en- 



Tke Edison Montkl 



larged one hundred times as it appears nection with the recent show when a 



in the stage setting. 

The economies of such a system are 
readily apparent — there is a saving of 
space in the theatre, a saving of time 
required for scene shifting, a saving in 
the cost of painting backgrounds, and 
the elimination of the cost of trans- 
porting bulky stage properties. 

An interesting aftermath of the re- 
cent Electric Automobile Show held in 
New York in April is seen in the sev- 
eral letters received from those who 
took part in the exhibit. The actual 
closing of contracts is mentioned in 
some letters, while others tell of pros- 
pective sales that are almost a certain- 
ty. But whether reporting a sale or 
just a prospect the letters are all alike 
in the unanimity with which they 
speak of the benefit which must ac- 
crue to the electric vehicle industry 
through the medium of such shows 
and the closer cooperation among deal- 
ers that results. 

It is thoroughly agreed among those 
lof the industry that the one thing 
needed to place the electric truck 
where it rightfully belongs in city 
transportation is a continued and ag- 
gressive sales effort. Such effort 
would take the form of sales campaigns 
by individual companies, of shows ar- 
ranged on the cooperative basis and 
newspaper publicity. A sustained ad- 
vertising effort is essential for only 
through the liberal use of newspaper 
space can the merits of the electric be 
properly brought home to those who 
should use the storage battery type of 
vehicle. 

In the matter of advertising a note- 
worthy forward step was taken in con- 



group of manufacturers used a two- 
page spread in the rotogravure section 
of one of the New York papers. It was 
the first time in the history of the in- 
dustry that newspaper space had been 
used so liberally. It was the kind of 
advertising that has done so much in 
establishing the gasoline truck and it 
was the kind of advertising that must 
be done if the electric truck is to take 
its proper place in the transportation of 
goods through our cities. 

A typical example of the modem 
wholesale establishment dealing in 
meats is the house of Edward Davis I nc 
on West 14th Street. Modern in every 
respect, this establishment offers an 
interesting example of the use of sev- 
eral types of electrical equipment re- 
quired in large scale meat handling. 
Prominent.in this equipment is the re- 
frigerating apparatus, providing pro- 
tection for more than two hundred 
tons of beef at a time. The motors 
which drive the refrigerating machin- 
ery are automatically controlled , start- 
ing or stopping according to the tem- 
perature of the meat boxes. The light- 
ing, too, is an important factor and in 
addition to facilitating the handling 
of meats it makes for cleanliness, 
for no dirt can conceal itself from 
the searching rays of the incandescent 
lamp. 

That the equipment is all operated 
from the service of The New York Ed- 
ison Company goes to show in another 
way the extent to which city life is de- 
pendent upon the adequate and de- 
pendable supply of electricity, which 
is assured through the use of Central 
Station Service. 



103 



Art and Economy 



A RT and economy seldom go hand 
ZA in hand. Particularly is this true 
^ ^ when the twain tread across the 
toards of the modern stage, which 
has recently made a fetish of extrav- 
agance and realism in productions. 

The public has been treated to the 
utmost truth and accuracy in its stage 
settings until it feels disappointed if an 
antique library scene does not include 
genuine old world articles of furnish- 
ing, if hangings are not of the richest 
of velvets or damasks; if pictures, ob- 
jects of art and all the other details of 
modern surroundings in the home are 
not just what they seem. 

But a new order of things is gradu- 
ally appearing behind the stage cur- 
tain. It represents the essence of 
economy in setting and the height of 
artistic scenic effect. It owes its ex- 
istence to a novel manipulation of 
light and color and promises to revo- 
lutionize, to a great extent, the pro- 
duction of plays, be they ancient or 
modern . 

The idea was born in Europe, where 
stage craft has developed faster than 
in any other country. The idea was 
brought over here by Lee Simonson, 
the Theatre Guild artist, who studied 
foreign methods last summer and was 
the first to introduce to New York au- 
diences sets projected upon a screen 
by means of painted glass slides. The 
glass slide has taken the place of the 
old-fashioned and more expensive set- 
ting, and during the past winter it was 
used effectively in several of the The- 
atre Guild productions. 

One of the first plays in which Mr 
Simonson offered this substitute, cre- 



ated by Linnebach of the State The- 
atre of Dresden , was in Bernard Shaw's 
**Back to Methuselah," a play of ar- 
tistic boldness and beauty but of such 
extraordinary length — and Mr Shaw 
refused to have it cut — that the The- 
atre Guild arranged it in cycles. 

Those who saw it will remember the 
first part, called "In the Beginning,** 
where Adam and Eve, the wise ser- 
pent and the historic tree appeared in 
the Garden of Eden. Few in the au- 
dience, it is safe to say, realized that 
the mysterious towering tree whose 
upper branches appeared to be lost in 
the heavens, was not a tree at all, not 
even a painted tree on a painted cur- 
tain, but was a fine piece of the new 
projection art. In other words, it was 
a comparatively small tree painted on 
a slide and projected and greatly en- 
larged upon a colorless screen. 

The New Stage Art 

This is the new and economic stage 
art which Mr Simonson and others 
have perfected to such a degree that 
the projection can be made close up 
to the screen, thus permitting the use 
of lights and slides on a small stage. 
An arc light is used instead of an in- 
candescent lamp and it is so manipu- 
lated that the rays have a wide angle. 

The Garrick Theatre, where Mr 
Simonson has used color and light* for 
the Theatre Guild's plays, is old fash- 
ioned and has a limited space behind 
the footlights. There is no room there 
for workshops and experimental stu- 
dios, so Mr Simonson has removed his 
atelier belongings to the roof of a sky- 
scraper in West Thirty-eighth Street, 



105 



Tke Edison Montlily 

where he works aixive the noise of the The apparatus had to be so far from 
city and tries out his palette effects. the screen that it was impossible in the 
"I paint with opaque colors," he average theatre to use it. And then a 
said when explaining his adaptation of figure could not stand or pass between 
the new stage art to Theatre Guild the projectorand the screen. The new 
plays. "Sometimes I paint three or method overcomes these liniitalions. 
four slides before I get just the effect I The tiny rectangular box is placed 
am seeking. I have found that you on an almost invisible support and a 
obtain the best results by not having few feel behind the screen. It is sus- 
too much detail. The figures should pended in the centre of the screen 
be bold and simply done. The idea is and the rays of light are so directed 
a development of ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
the shadow ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 

You ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 

scene on a ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 

than a ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 

You ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 

so ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^1 

on the ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^1 

screen ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^| 

The ^^^^^^^^^^^^^H^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^l 

Galway, another ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^B>\^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^| 

the ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

an Elderly Gentle- I^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^I^I^^^^I^^^H 

man" in the same Ao Arc Light PU™! Ju.t Behind « Paimed SUdc Produce, a wooded ParkUke 
Shaw play, is bold- «c Kmun m » enem i lom 

er and more striking than the Gar- that they are thrown entirely over it. 
den of Eden scene. Mr Simonson has In Germany, where Linnebach is 
done this in cubistic style with sharply called the father of the modem expres- 
defined stonecapped hills and granite sionist scenery, powerful projectors 
fields against a cloudy sky. have been devised to throw across the 
The projector used on the stage is skj', moving designs of any shape and 
an apparatus many times smaller than size. The apparatus is electrically 
the screen upon which the painted controlledand thedesignscanbemade 
slide is thrown. It is, perhaps, one to travel across at any speed. 
one-hundredth the size of the curtain . The economy of the projection plate 
The actual slide is 26 by 28 inches. A is readily recognized. It not only af- 
few years ago when the first attempt fords economy of space in the theatre 
wasmade to project settings, the effort and in the artist's studio, but it sim- 
was not crowned with success because plifies the work and makes hitherto- 
projecting required too much space, impossible productions possible. It 



Tkc Edison Monthly 




reduces the bulk of material to be han- 
dled and has been of tremendous help 
to the scene-shifting group. It is far 
cheaper to paint a small plate than a 
huge curtain, and 
the cost of traii;- 
porting stage effeci^ 
is reduced. 

Mr Simon^-.m 
has not only inlm- 
duced the projector 
to the American 
stage but he has set 
a mark in modern 
stage lighting of 
other settings, mi 
that the stage ,ip- 
pearsasapicturenf 
which thestage folk 
are blended in a^ 
part of the whole, 
notasseparateout- 
Btanding figures. 



Wanted 



Though numerous inventions have 
Been coming woman's way 

There are a lot of other things 
She's looking for today. 

A new magnetic clothes tree fine 
Which would draw to itself 

A!i caps and hats that lie around 
On chair and floor and shelf. 

A washer that will dry and iron 

The clothes all in a day 
Sew on the missing buttons, too, 

And put the clothes away. 

Electrical attachments planned 
For use on children's toys, 

To pick them up from'chair and floor 
And deaden all the noise. 

A doorbell or a telephone 

Which had a new device 
For answering itself, 1 think. 

Would surely be quite nice. 

O, may inventors speed the day 
And make these dreams come true 

Since there's no limit to the things 
'Lectricity can do! 

— Alia Crtvall Htginaii 




TKe EAit 



. Montkly 




Automobile Show^ Results 



SINCE the Electric Automobile 
Show of 1922, held in the show- 
room of The New York Edison 
Company at Irving Place and 
Fifteenth Street in April, manufac- 
turers of electric cars, trucks, and 
electric vehicle accessories have been 
expressing their appreciation of and 
enthusiasm over the splendid results 
of the exhibition. From all reports 
the interest that was shown, during 
the show and since that time, con 
tinues to grow. 

Several letters have been received 
from manufacturers who took part in 
the exhibit, expressing gratification 
for the opportunity afforded them in 
placing their equipment before the 
public in such an interesting and en- 
lightening display. The letters also 
indicate the stimulation of public in- 
terest and the increase in the sale of 
electric vehicles as a direct result of 
the show. 

A Splendid Success 

"We are pleased to say that the ex- 
hibit this year was a splendid success 
in every particular,** writes Mr J M 
Gallagher, District Manager of the 
General Lead Batteries Company. 
'*We were very pleased with the Elec- 
tric Automobile Show last year, 1921 , 
but this year exceeded it.** 

Mr Gallagher also said of the lunch- 
eon that was held at the Hotel As tor, 
"I think it has become a feature of the 
electric automobile trade and will 
be looked forward to from year to 
year." 

Such an occasion undoubtedly is of 
value to the trade for it offers an oppor- 



tunity to a rapidly rising and develop- 
ing industry to be united in a large 
group for the purpose of exchanging 
ideas and giving worth while informa- 
tion to one another. 

Manager H H Smith of the New 
York branch of the Philadelphia 
Storage Battery Company has said: 

"I am sure that much good was ac- 
complished for the industry. It is 
impossible to tell at the present time 
the extent of the benefit caused. The 
results will undoubtedly spread over a 
considerable period of time. Our 
battery business has shown very de- 
cided signs of improvement during the 
last two weeks and I am not at all sure 
but that at least a part of this is attrib- 
utable to the show.** 

That these manufacturers are 
pleased with the show and that they 
believe in the great possibilities of 
electrical transportation is evident in 
the sincerity of the tone in which they 
write. 

*'We greatly appreciate the kind* 
favors shown our company in per- 
mitting us to display our battery 
charging equipment,'* said Sales Man- 
ager, F F Loock of Allen-Bradley 
Company, ''and regret very much that 
we cannot directly reciprocate such 
favors. Perhaps the only thing we 
can do is to satisfy our customers witK 
our apparatus, so that this may help 
to make them boosters for Electric 
drive for handling big city transporta- 
tion problems.** 

Fink-Dumont-White, Inc, are not 
alone in the valuation they placed on, 
the show in which their various lines of 
material handling equipment and the 



109 



Tlie EJison MontKly 



Walter Electric Truck wereexhibited. 
A letter from Mr R D Dumont ex- 
presses complete satisfaction with the 
results of their exhibit. 

"The first day of the show," says 
General Manager, Nathaniel Piatt, of 
Rauch and Lang, "we sold one of the 
cars, the sedan, which we had on 
exhibition there, and obtained many 
other very good names, several of 
whom I feel quite confident we will 
make sales to." He continues: 

"I want at this time to tell you that 
we appreciate very much the coopera- 
tion on the part of your company. 
This kind of cooperation will help very 
materially in building up a much 
larger electric vehicle business in New 
York." 

Again some of the results of the 
show are indicated in this letter from 
M r R R Clayton , Manager of the New 
York Office of the Commercial Truck 
Company: 

". , . We received orders for three 
two-ton trucks, the contract for which 
was handed us at the show, and an 
order for two Bantams also was prom- 
ised us at the show. There were a 
great many inquiries and a number of 
interested prospects at our booth." 

With cooperation among the mem- 
bers of the industry there is little 
doubt that the near future will see 
transportation problems being solved 
by electric trucks. This thought has 
been expressed again and again by 
those who know what the electric 
can do. 

Said Mr P E Whiting, District 
Manager of the Walker Vehicle Com- 
pany: 

"Such generous cooperation on your 
part toward bringing electric motor 
vehicles to the attention of the public 



at large and to the possible user of 
such equipment, in particular, is 
bound to hasten the day when 75 per 
cent of all New York City transporta- 
tion will be handled by the electric, 

"We know that it will interest you 
to learn that we recorded the sale of 
sixteen Walker Electric Trucks during 
the week and that we are assured of 
many other orders in the very near 
future as a result of the exhibit." 

Mr Otto Bahls, president of O B 
Electric Vehicles, Inc, said: "We 
believe with the continued support of 
The New York Edison Company — 
and the whole hearted cooperation of 
the Electric Vehicle Industry, that 
everything rolling on wheels in New 
York City and the four boroughs will 
be propelled electrically in the near 
future," 

Letters of this kind, direct from the 
manufacturers, are a pretty good in- 
dication of the confidence felt in the 
development of this particular indus- 
try. And when, as Mr Bahls added 
to his letter, one sees postscripts like 
this "Now For A Bigger Show Next 
Time" one feels that such enthusi- 
asm has a good reason behind it. 

Intensive Gardening 

An engineer named aptlv. Watt, 
Chose Battery for garden-plot. 
With sal-ammoniac he sprayed 
Electric bulbt In order laid. 
The poles he used, support 10 give, 
Were positive and negative. 
Up these, on Insulated wire, 
Etectric-plants made all admire. 

In time the fniil became mature — 

Magncllc; lengthy; aparklingi terse) 
And also very bright light-verse. 
Since Watt might out-Burbank, Buibank, 
The picture- men turned ready crank. 
And in Who't Whos, he found a spot. 
So now the world knows Walt i> What ! 
Blanche EliKabtih Wadi 



Exposition Plans 



PLANS for the Electric and In- 
dustrial Exposition of 1922, re- 
cently announced, indicate that 
the show, with six general classes of 
exhibits, win be one of 
the largest and most im- 
portant ever held in New 
York. 

Exhibits showing the 
industrial uses of elec- 
tricity will have a promi- 
nent place on the pro- 
gram; the radio section 
will include working ex- 
hibits by leading manu- 
facturers of wireless ap- 
paratus; the household 
exhibits, the electro 
therapeutic display, and 
the electric vehicle ex- 
hibits will have the 
same prominent places they have held 
in past shows. 



peutic agent. Automobile displays 
will include the big trucks for hauling 
goods through the streets, and indus- 
trial trucks for transferring freight at 
railroad and steamship 
terminals and for hand- 
lingmaterialsin factories. 
A large section of the 
main floor has been set 
aside for the display of 
radio apparatus. Each 
exhibitor will maintain 
receiving equipment and 
show visitors will be able 
tohear the news bulletins 
and concert programs 
sentout from the various 
broadcasting stations. 

The historical exhibit 

wilt be arranged by those 

who were associated 

with Thomas A Edison in the early 

In addition to these days of the lighting industry in New 



■^^^^S^ 



ELECTRICAL 
INDU'STMAL 
EXPOSITION 



there will be a historical exhibit por- 
traying the forty years of progress in 
the electrical industry from 1882 to 
1922. 

IVorking Demoralrallom 

In the industrial section there will 
be displays showing actual production , 
one of these exhibits demonstrating 
the manufacture of soda water. In 
the home section there will be the ex- 
hibits of the various manufacturers, 
and in addition there will be model 
apartments wherein the "Little Elec- 
tric Servants in the Home" are shown 
performing the one hundred and one 
tasks that are a part of housekeep- 
ing. A model hospital will show the 
latest uses of electricity as a thera- 



York. The primitive apparatus will 
be shown in contrast with the equip- 
ment of the present day power sta- 
tions and the whole history of elec- 
trical lighting will be portrayed. 
Manufacturers of household appliances 
will also contribute to the historical 
Interest of the show by exhibiting some 
of the early models of their apparatus. 
Thus with many of this year's ex- 
hibitors repeating their displays, and 
with six main departments — industrial , 
household, electro-therapeutic, radio, 
transportation, and historical, and with 
general and specialized displays in each 
group , there is every reason to believe 
that 1922 will witness the most im- 
portant exposition in the history of 
the electrical industry in New York. 





^^^1 


^ in the Piccirilli Studio ^^| 


A COLOSSAL figure of James 


pioneer father, who brought with mitt^^^B 


L\ Monroe just inside the door; 


from his native Italy close upon forty ^H 


^ * close by, with a religious appeal 


years ago that refinement of execution ^^| 


^H in its symbolism, an angelic form, al- 


by which all good cutters of stone ^^| 


^1 most ethereal in its pose; at one side, a 


are measured, they have occupied a ^^M 


^H dolphin, with its dorsal fin cutting 


place in the forefront of the monu- ^^| 


^H the waves; nearby a great eagle a- 


mental field. They have collaborated 


^H wing, free, defiant; beyond, in the 


with the most distinguished sculptors 


^1 white dust haze, workmen swinging 


and the work of their artistic hands. 


^H huge squares of stone on cranes and 


commemorative of the great deeds of ^^H 


^M others preparing blocks for theartisans. 


men, stands in historic places botb*^^! 


^P This is the vista which greets the 


here and abroad. ^^ 


eye as one enters 










^^^^^^^H 


^^^^^^^^■■^H ^^H 


^^^^^^^H 


^^^^^^^^H|^^l ^^H 




— ^^^^^^^^^H 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^\V ^^^H 




H^^^^^^H 


^^^^^^^^^^l^^^n ^^^1 




the I^^^^^^^H 


^^^^^^^^^^H^^^.^^^H 




over for the |^^^^^^^| 


^^^^^^^^^BhI '^^^I 




of its ^^^^^H 


^^^^^I^^^^^^Bh ^^^^I 




craftsmanship, ^^^^^^^H 


^^^Vi^^^^^^i -^^^1 




^H^^^^^H 


^^^^P -^^^E^^^Hl^^^^l 




its retirement and '^^-- ^^^^|V 


I^^KM; ^^^^fl^^H^I^^^I 




unprelentiousness -.- ^^^EwPf 


Kviv '~ X^^^^^l ^l^^^l 




^almost in obscur- mtM W^^^-j^ 


c«hV ' V^^^^^l J^^^l 




ity in the neigh- MHII Wj^^ 


■bH^ '^'' j^^^^B ^^^^1 




B^HI ^H 


HHe« ^l^^^^^H ^^9 




The the ^^^^^^E 


^^mr* iulV^^^^Hk ^ iSl 




here ^^^^^^^H 


■s ^^^^^^^^Bb- ^H 




are |^^^^^^^| 


^I^BrvS^BHl^^l^Hk' ■ 




Feruccio, Attilio, ^^^B^B^^I 


K^j^S^^T^U^^^^^fc 1 




Furio , Thomas, ^^^^ ^H 


IBiNj||^d0f*^^3^^^^ f 




Horace and Getu- /, WL^M___ 


jK. . . .- > ^ :^?1^^BI 




lio — and the inspir- mj^F*^^^^""" r^^^^^^l 




work to ^^^ttt^Ui 






are ^^^^^^^^^B 


ik.^'^y^&'^^j^^H 




ly ^^^^^^^H 


vmm^m^M 




tempts to cxtraVci" ^BV^I^^^^^^^'^^ 






gance. Since Ihe „,.,.„.„.,.„,„ 


LGr«t>U.cEy<'uOneEateri the studio of the PiccirilU ^H 


passing ot their Broi 


:bm. Sculpton. in Salt Mind Street ^^M 


|„i^,„„,^ 


112 ^^M 



Tke EJison MontKly 




iven to a 
ualized is 



When a commission is 
sculptor, the thing to be 
presented in model form as a minia- 
ture of that which is to live. The 
Piccirillis are the interpreters. With 
infinite patience and mathematical 
accuracy they shape the slow yielding 
marble, giving to every detail of the 
subject that painstaking care which 

I makes for harmony in the completed 
work and gives distinction and noble- 
ness to statues and memorials. 
Except for three small designs set 
in the outer walls of the studio, no 
one would imagine the establishment 
to be dedicated to creative art. There 
are no signs. Private residences stand 
opposite and on either side. 



On the occasion of this visit the 
much discussed statue of Civic Vir- 
tue, that spirited and dignified con- 
ception of MacMonnies. had just been 
waved a bon voyage for its journey to 
City Hall Park. For three years it 
had been taking form under the sculp- 
tor's e>'e and the friendly and sympa- 
thetic Piccirilli hand. In the faith- 
fulness of the translation of the ar- 
tist's design into enduring stone it is 
without a flaw. 

From the days of the ancients, 
whose noble statues adorn our gal- 
leries throughout all the years until 
quite recently, dependence was placed 
on odd-shaped wooden mallets of \ar- 
ious sizes to ser\-e the cutting tools. 



Every chip from a 


TKe Eclison Montlily ^^H 


1 








stone was the re- 




P^^^^^^^^B^^B^^^^II 


1 


sult of a swing of 






1 


an arm and an im- 






pact of a mallet 




^^'^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^■11 




held in hand. It 




\v^^ ^^^B^^^^^^^^^^Ib 




made the sculptor's 


yii 


fl^^^^^^^^^^^^^l 




task one of real 


H^^^^^^^^^^HI 




labor. 






The introduction 




v^^^^^^^^^HH 




of modern appli- 




'^^IB^I^^^hI 




ances in the studios 




'J^SlHr^^PH 




and the adoption 




^^^^m^H ^pii 




of new methods 


t 1 1 /, )' 


-M^^H^^^^u ^^^^E 




for their use has 


^mM li 


i v^ ^^ ^^v.^. jb 




changed this. Com- 


Bmi^ 


1- V < i%^ '^'' Bk hI^^I 




pressed air, di- 


m^i^^M wr M^^ 




rected through a 


wkM at 


''ifcir ' iB '••- *vlD^^^I 




flexible tube pro- 


^m "M 


^}j JH nH^^Bfl 




vided with devices 


^m - 


^m H'mi 




for its control, now 


■, 


* H^ ■ '■■^ 




gives the power 


H^*' 


^^^^^■j^ -^ ^9 




which once called 


BTi' ..^ 


-^i**5-l^l^F vBI 




for the use of the 


K^i^ 


V it ^^^^L^^,j«/^Ki 


1 


human muscles. 


^9Ibk 


ly^^B^K^wM^H 




In the Piccirilli 


Il^I^^ 


""^^^^^-^^^^^l^^^l 




establishment an 


B^ *Pv^ 


^^^IH^^^^Pl^^Bii 










air compressor of 








:he Colonal Finre of J 


■me* Monroe, and the Auortment of Cutcini Toota 


forty-five horse 


Required to: 


Evolve It From b Great Block of Marble 


power is operated 






by an electric motor. 


The sculptor, 


The method by which the propor- 


with his two score or 


more of chisels 


tions of a memorial, even to the most 


available, some large j 


md some small, 


delicate line and depression, are 


some shaped in the ci 


dtting edge for 


scaled from the artist's model is one 


oval gouging and olhe 


rs so delicate as 


of the things which are learned only 


to be almost like ne 


edlepoinls, has 


by long years of practical experience. 


only to select the requ 


ired one, attach 


Pointing machines are employed in 


it to the tube connecto 


n,open a valve, 


some phases of the work but accuracy 


and he is ready for n 


vork. The old 


is largely dependent upon skill in the 


weariness of arm, whi 


ich took a share 


use of the proportional calipers. In 


of the joy of an oth 


lerwise pleasing 


all fine cutting of stone the calipers 


work, is no more. Mc 


itors do not get 


and the chisels are alternately brought 


tired. They are as fn 


esh at the night 


into use, the one being guided in its 


whistle blow as at tl 


le day's begin- 


operation by the markings established. 


ning. 




by the other. These same measuring. 


^^ 


' J 



Tke Edison Montkly 



appliances are also used in giving accu- 
racy to models, either of clay or plas- 
ter. 

A coriimission which at the moment 
is engaging the attention of the Picci- 
rillis is one quite to their liking. It is 
the Piave statue which will commemo- 
rate the valor, heroism and sacrifice of 
the soldiers of Italy. Full sixty thou- 
sand gave up their lives on the historic 
Piave battle line in the great War and 
the Austrian advance was halted. 
The memorial, designed within the 
studio, shows a youth erect, brave, 
his head thrown back, his poise that 
of defiance. It is full fifteen feet in 
height and it will surmount a hill in 
the Pincio, the great park in the north- 
ernmost section of Rome. It was this 
group of brothers who made the eques- 
trian statue of Lafayette designed by 
Paul Bartlett, the gift of the Knights 
of Columbus to France. The impres- 
sive and appealing Lincoln memorial 
in Washington is another example of 
their skill. The great Princeton monu- 
ment, which tells in sculpture how 
Washington turned defeat into vic- 



tory on the rising hills beyond the 
town, is now slowly taking form at 
the place where it is to stand. Still 
another striking example of the Picci- 
rilli genius is the heroic group in the 
Botanical Gardens in Washington. It 
is a memorial to Gen Meade and has 
a base measurement of loo x loo feet. 
Wherever one turns in the settings of 
sculpture, whether it be in a park, or 
plaza, the work of this firm is almost 
sure to be represented. 

None of the brothers has arrived 
at the zenith of his professional activ- 
ity, measuring it, as is the custom, 
by years, and all look forward to new 
and even more noteworthy achieve- 
ments in their chosen field. Besides, 
they find a degree of satisfaction in 
the fact that there are five nephews, 
all happily of the temperament and 
with the ambition to take their places 
in the concern when their skill, upon 
which they are patiently building, 
shall have reached the master's de- 
gree. Thus, the name of Piccirilli in 
sculpture is destined to artistic per- 
petuation. 





INGRATITUDE 

When **they** say the thermometer is touching ninety-four; 
When perspiration you exude at every separate pore; 
When collars are anathema, and callers are a bore: 
You're sure it is the hottest day that you have ever known — 
And you are forty-five and — ^well, you're passing fourteen stone — 
And for a cancelled postage-stamp you'd quit and go straight home; 
Or to the links, or ball-game; but you stay and play the man: 
And you hand yourself the credit — but 'twas the electric fan! 

— R E Alexander 








lis 



Airplane Views of Edison Service 



Columbus Circle 



/% LTHOUGH Broadway, north 
AA and south of Fifty-ninth Street, 
and in the general neighborhood 
of Columbus Circle, is popularly con- 
ceded to be the automobile district of 
the city, the motor vehicle interests by 
no means monopolize the section. 
Fine apartment houses, studio build- 
ings, art centres, theatres, restaurants, 
and office buildings are all to be found 
either on the two main north and 
south thoroughfares which cross at the 
Circle, or on the side streets nearby. 

Of course the automobile group pre- 
dominates. As shown in the accom- 
panying airplane photograph the sky- 
scraper of the Fisk Rubber Company 
at Broadway, 57th Street and Eighth 
Avenue, and the United States Rub- 
ber Building at Broadway at 58th 
Street, dominate the neighborhood. 
The Goodrich Rubber Company is at 
1780 Broadway. Other automobile 
interests include the General Motors 
Company at 224 West 57th Street, the 
Bosch Magneto Building at 44 West 
60th Street, the Locomobile Service 
Building at 16 West 61st Street, the 
Cadillac Motor Car Company at 
Broadway and West 62nd Street, and 
the Electric Garage at Central Park 
West and 62nd Street. The new sky- 
scraper of the Gotham National Bank 
is just to the west of the Circle and 
the Miller Building is at Broadway 
and 63rd Street. 

Among the apartments and hotels 
are the Grenoble at 886 Seventh Ave- 
nue, the Osborne at Seventh Avenue 
and West 57th Street, the Hubert 



Apartments on Central Park South, 
the Hotel St Paul on the Circle, the 
Pasadena at Broadway and 61st Street, 
Reisenweber's at 971 Eighth Avenue, 
the Circle Hotel at 987 Eighth Avenue 
and the Hotel Montrullo on West 64th 
Street. 

The theatres include the Century 
Opera House on Central Park West, 
Al Jolson*s on Seventh Avenue, the 
Colonial on West 62nd Street, and the 
Park at Columbus Circle. 

Many Interesb in this Neighborhood 

Other well-known structures include 
the Broadway Tabernacle at Broad- 
way and West 56th Street, the Twelfth 
Regiment Armory, on Columbus Ave- 
nue, the American Fine Arts Building 
at 215 West 57th Street, the Gains- 
borough Studios on Central Park 
South, the Society of Ethical Culture 
Building on Central Park West and 
Harperly Hall at Central Park West 
and 64th Street. 

As varied as are the purposes of 
these buildings they are all alike in one 
important respect — the source of their 
electrical supply. Running the ele- 
vators in the tall Gotham Bank Build[- 
ing, or charging electric vehicles in 
the Electric Garage; producing spec- 
tacular stage effects in the theatre or 
lighting an art exhibit at the studio; 
lighting the apartment house or light- 
ing the church; all of these make a 
fair series of contrasts and represent 
to a degree the diversity of opera- 
tions which are supplied by Edison 
Service. 



117 



Beef a la Mode 



THE many ways in which elec- 
tricity serves the wholesale 
dealer in meats and kindred 
products are strikingly shown in the 
establishment of Edward Davis, Inc. 
This 6rni has moved from Chambers 
Street and now occupies a remodeled 
building at 420 West 14th Street, 
where the latest meat handling and 
storing methods are carried on. 



From the bustle and hurry at the 
curb where trucks are loaded with-l 
great baskets of meats for deliveryj 
at hotels, restaurants, institutions, 
and steamships, to the quiet and one] 
might almost say impressiveness ofl 
the several coolers in the buildings . 
there is a decidedly characteristic 3 
atmosphere of efficiency prevailing. 
It is evident in the way in which. 1 




As for electricity — it lights the 
rooms, operates a call system, venti- 
lates the building, runs the elevators, 
and ser\'es what is probably the most 
important part of the wholesale estab- 
lishment, the refrigerating system. 
This electrical load, amounting in 
addition to the lighting to about 
eighty horse power in motors, is sup- 
plied by The New York Edison Com- 
pany. 



thousands of pounds of meats are 
handled daily, being brought in, cut 
up, temporarily packed away in the 
large refrigerating rooms, or sent out 
to fill customers' orders. 

In any of the rooms where the meat 
is to remain for a matter of hours be- 
fore being sent out the temperature 
is low, even on a warm spring day. 
In the one freezer it is kept at four 
degrees above zero. The cooli 



I 

lers are ^M 



Tke Edison MontJiIy 




not so cold, the temperature being 
maintained at about 40 degrees. The 
freezer and coolers each cover about 
4000 square feet of space and each is 
capable of holding enough meat' to 
keep more than one large community 
from star\-ing. 

On the ground 
floor there are the 
large receiving 
room and the ship- 
ping room, which also 
is cooled by the 
refrigerating sys- 
tem. During busi- 
ness hours there is 
meat everywhere. 
Great quantities of 
it! Baskets filled 
with delicacies of 
every sort. Whole 
carcasses hanging 
from hooks on 
heavy steel racks 
^ or quartered ani- 
mals fresh and cool 



waiting to be sea- 
soned and hung 
away until they are 
ready to be sent 
out. In the cool- 
ing rooms there are 
large bins filled 
with delicacies 
soon to be roasting 
in some proud 
chef's mighty oven 
or gracing the 
board of an ocean 
:.,foing steamer. The 
sight is enough lo 
make any visitor's 
eyes widen with de- 
eMir'-RoDm" " ""' ''Shl and surprise 
for everything is so 
clean and fresh and delicious looking. 
In the basement next to the room 
containing the refrigerating machin- 
ery there is the "processing room" 
where beef is corned in large cement 
vats. The meal is always carefully 




i 



Tke Edison Montkly 



selected and is packed in the vats into 
which brine has been poured. Since 
the process takes aliout a month it is 
necessary that the temperature of the 
room be kept at a low degree. 

In each of the large rooms through- 
out the building there is suspended 
from the ceiling an indicator which is 
part of the call system. It is simple 
and efficient, quite characteristic of 
its surroundings. When any one of 
the officers of the company is wanted 
on the telephone or in the office the 
telephone operator gives a signal 
which buzzes in all the indicators in 
the building. There are six different 
colored glass disks in the apparatus, 
each color representing one officer. 

The lighting in the building is splen- 
didly arranged, (or each room is so 



equipped that shadows and glare are 
eliminated. Nor is there any chance 
for dirt to elude the eyes of the clean- 
ers, a matter of great importance 
where meat is being handled. 

The refrigerating plant includes two 
8" X 8" York compressors of ap- 
proximately sixteen tons, operated 
by two 30 horsepower direct current 
motors. 

The action of these motors is 
automatically controlled by thermo- 
stats so that when the temperature of 
the refrigerating boxes lowers to a 
fixed degree or rises above it the 
motors stop or start respectively. The 
refrigerating piping runs throughout 
the building and it is interesting to 
note that there are 14.000 feet of 2" 
piping used for this purpn.;i-. 




July 




1922 



•f Um^nJ Trm df 



VOLUME 14 CONTENTS number 7 

•>^ ^ <*< 

The Edison Monthly p„. 

The Edison Directory ■ - • Inside Front Cover 

Editorials • - • - • - 122 

"Do You Remember 'When ?" • - - 124 

The Statue of J Marion Simms, M D, LLD in Bryant Park 

(Phot<«raph) - - - - - - 128 

Auditorium Ventilation - - - • -129 

The Dodge Building - - - - - - 132 

The Street Fair on Park Avenue (Photographs) - 134 

The Last of the Convict Ships - - - 135 

Airplane Views of New York— Central Park - 138 

After Nine Years - - - - - 139 

Edison District Offices with Hap - - Inside Back Cover 

C-dv^M I922.h TA. Mm Ymrk £Wi.n Commii* 



The Edison MontKly 



The Edison Monthly 

The New Yotk Edison Company 

Ceneral QUba 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

New York City 



When The Edison Monthly in 1914 
recorded the installation of an electric 
delivery wagon by the Coca-Cola 
Bottling Works interest lay princi- 
pally in the fact that it was the first 
motor vehicle purchased by the com- 
pany, that it had replaced a number of 
horses, and in a year of operation had 
brought about a great improvement in 
the delivery service of its owners. 

Again it is the privilege of this 
magazine to tell something of the 
delivery methods of the beverage com- 
pany and of the history of the veteran 
truck, but this time the electric of 
1913 must share interest with nine 
other electrics, for in the years that 
have passed the Coca-Cola delivery 
fleet has increased many times over. 
Since its installation in 1913 the origi- 
nal electric has done more than deliver 
its daily quota of bottled goods. It 
has shown the way to economical 
transportation and it is because of the 
lessons learned from this vehicle 
that the others have been purchased 
to meet the demands of an increasing 
business. 

The present electrics are maintain- 
ing the same standards of economy 
and dependability set by the first, and, 
as compared with gasoline trucks for 
city delivery service are saving more 
than six dollars a day in operating 



cost. This is why electrics will 
eventually replace the gasoline trucks 
just as they have already replaced 
horses and the delivery ot^anization 
of Coca-Cola will be all-electric. 



Shades of Captain Starlight and the 
Six Men of Dorset! What memories 
must stir them as they hold their 
ghostly rendezvous on the old convict 
ship Success now on exhibition in New 
York. The Success, despite the im- 
plements of torture that still remain — 
the maddening cells, and the other 
relics of a cruel past — is far different 
from what she was eighty years ago 
when the Captain and scores of others, 
convicted of various oflenses, were 
confined on board. 

There can be no doubt that ghosts 
do foregather on the Success and be- 
tween sessions of their conclaves study 
in wraithy gloom the implements 
which caused them such sufl^ering — 
the whipping posts, the lashes, and leg 
irons, the musty cells and all the other 
devices which a cruel system used in 
the task of breaking men's wills and 
spirits. But the purpose of the old 
ship is far different now. Instead of 
serving as means of punishment it is 
dedicated to the task of education and 
in this capacity has done much in the 
interest of prison reform. 



Physically the Success is still very 
much as she was during a half century 
or more of service as a floating prison. 
In one great respect, however, the 
vessel is different and it is this differ- 
ence that gives rise to ghostly wonder. 
The flickering ship lanterns that gave 
light where light was wanted — and 



Tke Edison Montkly 



that did not include the cells on the 
lower decks — have been replaced by 
electric lights, and the airless cells are 
now ventilated by electric fans. The 
lights not only outline the ship as an 
advertising device but provide an ade- 
quate illumination by which the lower 
holds can be studied . They reveal the 
occupants of the cells, life-like figures 
in wax, which are said to be remarkable 
reproductions of the unfortunates who 
spent so many years of their lives in 
the old vessel. Each cell has its 
chained occupant; the dispensary 
shows a group of prisoners and the 
ship surgeon; another group shows a 
condemned prisoner, the chaplain and 
the guards; still another reproduces 
the murder of Captain Price, who com- 
manded the ship; whil^ another shows 
the members of the Kelly Gang. 

Living prisoners are more hardy 
than their wax reproductions. Some 
prisoners survived thirty or more 
years of short rations, foul air, con- 
stant darkness and the suffocating 
heat of the Antipodes. But not the 
wax ones. They don't mind the 
rations and they are not afraid of the 
dark, but they insist on fresh air and 
specify that it must be cool. So the 
present owners have installed electric 
fans for each group and all day long 
through the warm weather they pro- 
vide a degree of ventilation which 
proves a veritable life saver for the 
wax prisoners . Here again , the shades 
of Captain Starlight and the Six 
Men of Dorset shake their heads in 
wonder. 

Unfortunately, the first half of the 
past century — the heyday of the 
career of the prison-ship — did not 
know electric lights and electric fans 
and even if such comforts were avail- 



able it is very much to be doubted if 
the system which sponsored the 
things that are represented by prison 
ships would have permitted any 6uch 
pampering of convicts. 



Behind the advertising phrase 
''Fifteen Degrees Cooler Inside," 
which adorns most moving picture 
theatres during the hot weather, is 
another case of the genius of the 
electrician in adding to the comforts 
of a sweltering world. It is not the 
darkness and the freedom from the 
sun's rays that make the auditorium 
cool, but an elaborately planned 
ventilating equipment which delivers 
a constant supply of fresh air to the 
building. 

Shut off the ventilating equipment 
and in a very few minutes the temp- 
erature of the auditorium would rise 
to an unbearable degree. The dis- 
comfort would be caused not alone 
by the warmth of the day but by the 
heat given off by thousands of swelter- 
ing individuals. Thus, to maintain a 
comfortable atmosphere, ventilating 
equipment must counteract these two 
conditions. It accomplishes one by 
driving the vitiated air from the build- 
ing; it takes the heat of the summer 
from the outside air by driving it 
through sprays of cold water and the 
air thus cooled replaces that which it 
forces from the building. There are 
several systems of cooling and venti- 
lating used by the theatres of New 
York. The air-washing system of the 
Capitol Theatre, described elsewhere 
in this issue, is worthy of the careful 
consideration of anyone confronted 
with the problem of auditorium 
ventilation. 



123 



"Do You Remember When — ?" 



WHAT is here set down aims 
to be a simple word picture 
of New York at a lime al- 
though but little more than a genera- 
tion ago which is now definitely 
historical; — of New York in the early 
eighties, slowly approaching the period 
when it would bulge with the con- 
solidated importance of three hundred 
and odd square miles of five-borough 
greatness, but as yet with only a hazy 
vision of Its ultimate destiny. 

It is of New York in a day before 
street cars, telephones, skyscrapers, 
elevators, automobiles or electric 
lights. Some of these things, which 
we of forty years later know so well, 
were not yet dreamed of- — others were 
in the first stages of development. 

It is not altogether unprofitable to 



turn back the calendar from time toi 
lime to consider the city as it was be- 
fore it set its hand to major acconn 
plishments and particularly to noU 
its cautious aloofness from what may 
be called the exclamation point. 

A pleasing, rather easy going city, 
New York of that time. For the 
most part it seemed satisfied with that 
form of development which kept well 
out of the range of the spectacular. 
It offered no distinct challenge. It 
was not fully alert to its potentialities, 
It did not seem to he aware that its 
increasing metropolitan stature de- 
manded a loftier civic dignity and a 
widened outlook. It had not the in- 
spiration of large purpose. The da; 
of "its awakening was yet to dawn, it 
program of things on a scale which 




Tke Edison Montkly 



would give to it the 
stride of definite 
progress was still 
to be formulated. 
Thus the city as a 
whole. As to in- 
dividuals, it was 
different. Think- 
ing minds were 
busy. 

What was New 
York like at that 
time? 

More ancient 
than modern sure- 
ly. Around Bowl- 
ing Green, along 
the river fronts, mi 
the cross strei'i-. 
downtown a ii il 
even along lower 
Broadway , ilu' 
quaint gable rmil- 
of the architecttin 
known to ilu- 
Dutch of New Am- 
sterdam were qui ti- 
as familiar as struc- 
tures of a newer 

kind . Local his- Broadu, 

torians could point 

out the cramped and unpretentious 
dwellings, stilt not much changed as 
to exteriors, where a score or more of 
men identified with the nation's be- 
ginning once had lived. If one want- 
ed to turn from the weather beaten 
landmarks to the newer, there were 
perhaps a dozen structures which rose 
to hitherto unheard of heights — ^the 
Western Union Telegraph building at 
Broadway and Dey Street and the 
Tribune building, then the dominating 
monument of Printing House Square, 
being representative. Skyscrapers as 





1 






we of 1922 know them, were not even 
in the dream stage. Steel construc- 
tion had not been adopted. Elevators 
were novelties. It was the brick and 
mortar age. 

The monotonous crack of iron-shod 
hoofs and rumbling wheels on the 
cobble-stone pavements — a.sphalt was 
still an experiment — were the city's 
most familiar sounds. Horse-drawn 
busses, filled with cash boxes just 
back of the drivers' seats, zig-zagged 
from Fulton Ferry to Broadway and 
then up to the centre of amusement 



TKe Edison Montkly 



and gaiety at Twenty-third Street, 
pulling in to the curb at the signal 
from an upraised finger. Most of the 
hotels were at that llni<' lirln\v- M.i.li- 
son Square, as were 
the theatres and 
the more impor- 
tant shops and re- 
tail stores. There 
was as yet no indi- 
cation that at a 
later day changed 
conditions would 
compel an exodus 
which would carry 
the social centre 
northward and es- 
tablish it ill palaces 
where now were 
mostly the shanties 
of squatters. Low- 
er Fifth Avenue 
was as distinctly 
residential and ex- 
clusive as its upper 
reaches are today. 
The opera knew no 
other habiiat ihan 
Fourteenth Street, 
A dozen old time 
dwellings, set well 
back from the curb 
and approached 
through iron gates 
and along gravel walks, 
a dustyand sombre sort of respect- 
ability on Broadway and refused 
to be elbowed out. Indeed, at this 
period there were not a few who looked 
upon the slow advancement of trade 
along the city's main natural highway 
as an intrusion upon long established 
privacy and as such not to be toler- 
ated by conservative property owners. 
An era of dramatic fame, the early 



eighties! Booth and Barrett were do 
ing Shakespeare; Waliack and Augus-J 
tin Daly were putting on the i 
r"[ic;lish comedies; spectacles of the 




ntained 



Black Crook order were at Niblo'sl 
Garden; Harrigan and Hart and Tony! 
Pastor, both then on Broadway, were-1 
laying the foundation of present day f 
vaudeville; and musical plays were be- I 
coming popular through the efforts of I 
Gilbert and Sullivan A score or more 1 
of players, now retired with the full J 
honors of the stage, were at the tim 
just starting on their careers. 

Horse cars were the main relianci 



Tkc Edison Montkl: 



of the traveling public — horse cars under the seat of a carriage and from 



with drivers and conductors, and 
others of the so-called jigger variety 
which, like the Broadway busses, had 
no conductors, and wherein the rela- 
tion of a passenger to the fare box was 
one of conscience and civilian duty. 

The first elevated, upon which some 
people still refused to trust them- 
selves, holding that riding on a rail- 
road built on stilts was bound to be a 
hazardous undertaking, had pushed 
its way first to Fifty-ninth Street and 
then on to Harlem. Three-car trains 
were hauled by little chugging engines, 
dwarfs of the locomotive species. The 
struggle of these miniatures on an up- 
grade with a loaded train seemed to 
street observers as likely to end in 
failure as otherwise. Broadway had 
yet to have the experience of a rapid 
transit line. The busses, limited alike 
as to capacity, head room and comfort, 
were to hold on for a year or two be- 
fore the cable cars began operations. 

Brooklyn Bridge Under Construction 

Brooklyn Bridge was slowly nearing 
completion. An engineering feat of 
the first order and a lasting monument 
to its designer, John A Roebling, 
who, dying, left to other able hands 
the work of its construction, it marked 
the beginning of highway connections 
with the sister borough. There were 
people too who were in doubt of the 
stability of the bridge, just as others 
had doubted the elevated. 

New York in the early eighties! 

A city which had not yet dreamed 
what the sound of an automobile 
horn would be like and which had but 
recently read that an inventor some- 
where was figuring on a contrivance 
which he hoped to be able to install 



which power would be forthcoming to 
propel the vehicle. That made man>} 
people smile. * ^ 

The telephone was in its experimen- 
tal stage. Perhaps a thousand people 
all told had installed the new device 
and were waiting somewhat impa- 
tiently for the time when conversation 
between distant points could be carried 
on efficiently. 

New York in the early eighties! 

Down on Pearl Street, in a drab en- 
vironment of warehouses and lofts, a 
man in a collarless shirt standing ex- 
pectant alongside an electrical ap- 
paratus. He looks at his watch, 
touches hand to a switch and the 
filaments in pear-shaped bulbs in a 
few nearby buildings connected by 
wire with the apparatus burst into 
radiance. The man studies the whir- 
ring machinery and nods his head. He 
is satisfied . He has demonstrated the 
practicability of the central station 
and proved the potency of the elec- 
trical generator which in time was to 
provide power not only for illumina- 
tion but for a wide range of indus- 
trial purposes. 

This is but an incidental reference 
to that epochal accomplishment, for 
more is not required in an article 
broadly reminiscent. The man in the 
collarless shirt was Thomas A Edi- 
son; his, one of the thinking minds. 

It was written in the beginning of 
this article that New York in the early 
eighties had only a hazy vision of its 
ultimate destiny and that the day of 
its awakening was yet to dawn . They 
are truths. New York did not know at 
that time that the hand of Edison held 
the wand of magic under whose spell 
the city of 6,000,000 would live today. 



127 



Tke Edison Monttly 




icStatueof JMsnonSimnii. M D, LI. D, "S^r((on and Phi 



Auditorium Ventilation 



IT is only since human beings aban- 
doned the empire of the great 
out-doors and began to congregate 
in structures of wood and stone that 
the problem of ventilation has become 
acute. Although Rome and Athens 
and the other cultural cities of an 
early day, with their ampi theatres 
and stadiums were probably not 
bothered particularly by fresh air 
problems, it is certain that audiences 
of this day would suffer the utmost 
in discomforts if it were not for the 
science of the ventilation engineer. 
It is ventilation that makes possible 
the gathering of large crowds of in- 
dividuals in enclosed rooms. If it is a 
small gathering in a small room the 
solution may be found in a single fan 
of the familiar household type. For 
a theatre, the problem is not so 
simple; questions of air distribution, 
of purification, and of heating in win- 
ter and cooling in summer must be 
considered . 

Air IV ashing 

One of the methods which has been 
found effective for the ventilation of 
auditoriums provides that the air be 
actually washed, all dirt being re- 
moved by a shower bath. This leaves 
the air as pure and fresh as the in- 
vigorating air after an April shower. 
The proverbial showers of that month 
are but Nature's way of making April 
air the sweetest and cleanest of the 
year. And so, following Nature's ex- 
ample, man has evolved a similar 
system which purifies the air within 
buildings. 

Take the Capitol Theatre, for ex- 



ample! Here one may sit in perfect 
comfort during all seasons of the year. 
Even in summer the temperature is 
barely more than 76 to 81 degrees — 
often ten to fifteen degrees cooler than 
the outside air. 

The system in use at the Capitol 
Theatre was installed by the Lynn 
Air Conditioning Company of New 
York City. It is a ** blow-down" 
system , a study of which , by contrast, 
recalls the blow-down method in use 
at Newgate Prison in London years 
ago. There was a windmill on the 
roof of the gaol connected with ducts 
leading to the cells. On windy days 
the air within was fine but on hot 
quiet days the prisoners used to pray 
for hurricanes to start the mill. The 
audience of the Capitol is not depend- 
ent on the whims of the temperamen- 
tal winds for its supply of fresh air. 
The ** powers" behind the throne of 
the ventilating system are six ever 
faithful electric motors on the roof. 
They total 140 horse-power and are 
operated by current supplied by The 
New York Edison Company. There 
are two 35 horse-power motors for the 
supply fans and two 25 horse-power 
motors for the exhaust fans and two 
re-circulating pumps, each operated 
by motors of 10 horse-power. 

The journey of the fresh air from 
the time that it is made a prisonef by 
the suction fans on the roof until it is 
ushered out of the auditorium, carry- 
ing as its luggage the impurities which 
it collects is a very interesting one. 
It is first taken into a chamber and is 
then drawn by suction through thou- 
sands of little sprays of water which 



129 



Tke Edison Monttly 



are at play — sending their fine sprays 
against a series of slender longitudinal 
baffle plates of galvanized iron. Being 
continually chilled by the water these 
plates are kept cool enough to con- 
dense the moisture from the air as it 
passes by them, thus leaving the air 
dry and clean. The air is hurried 




along on its journey by an eight-foot 
suction fan which forces it through a 
duct of such huge proportion, that a 
man could easily walk through it. 
Leading from this duct is another en- 
circling the great dome and still others 
which encircle the smaller domes. The 
fresh air introduced from above grad- 
ually spreads itself as a cool soft 
blanket over the auditorium to refresh 
and make comfortable the occupants. 
The Capitol is the largest theatre in 
the world. There is an air space of 
1, 250 ,000 cubic feet. With the intro- 
duction of 140,000 cubic feet of 
washed , cooled air each minute, there 



is a complete change of this tremen- 
dous volume of air every seven and 
one-half minutes making eight changes 
each hour. The two suction fans 
which supply the air each has a ca- 
pacity for moving 65,000 to 100,000 
cubic feet of air a minute while the 
two exhaust fans expel the air at the 
rate of 50,000 cu- 
bic feet per minute 
each. -All air is 
expelled through 
mushroom outlets 
underneath the 
seats. There are 
2800 of these. 

The air condi- 
tioning system has 
been so perfectly 
worked out that 
everj' condition af- 
fecting the tem- 
l)erature of the air 
has been overcome. 
i~or instance, an 
average approxi- 
^,^..^l„.^id-,.&~M., mating 250 heat 
A.r Is Dtiivcr^d lo All yuits arc givco off 
by the human body 
per hour. Within an hour the tem- 
perature of the auditorium may be 
increased iidegreesby theheatgiven 
off from the audience. The ventilating 
system must take care of this in- 
creased temperature and supply the 
necessary amount of cool air to free 
the auditorium of the warm air. It 
has been found that humid air is much 
more difficult to cool than dry air! 
The conditions of the atmosphere 
affect very definitely the work de- 
manded of the controlling motors. 
Humid air may be cooled only from 
6 to 14 degrees while dry air may be 
cooled from 14 to 18 degrees. 



I 




Tte Ejison Montkly 



But we wonder what happens to all 
of this clean fresh air which is con- 
tinually pouring in from around the 
various domes. Its life of purity is 
very short, for within little more than 
seven minutes it is laden with dust and 
smoke and is ready to make its exit. 
The experience of some little dust 
grains from Broad- 
way which made 
their way into the 
theatre tells the 
story. It was their 
first visit to the 
"cinema" and they 
settled down — dust 
has a way of set- 
tling — for an en joy- 
able evening. How- 
ever, they soon 
became conscious 
of a disturbance 
which wasattempt- 
ing to stir them 
from their seats. 
Finally they found 
themselves travel- 
ing at a steady 
rate toward a 
mush room -shaped affair which ap- 
peared to be growing out of the floor. 
They were drawn toward it and into 
it. A dark mysterious journey be- 
gan. First they went down a cav- 
ernous passage-way where they were 
jostled against millions of other little 
dust "persons." They were all going 
somewhere but none of them knew 
exactly where. It was a long dark 
journey that took them underneath 
the theatre, up the side and across 
the top of the great building. At last 
light appeared, and revolving vanes 
of a great exhaust were seen, and in 
another instant they were ushered 



out under the skyblue dome of New 
York over the roofs of great buildings. 
But even in this, their fate was much 
better than it might have been. In 
Winter weather the inside air is puri- 
fied and re-circulated because it is 
warm and doesn't have to be heated 
as would fresh cold air. The method is 




economical as well as efficient; in using 
the heated air almost $3,000 is saved 
each year by the Capitol in coal bills. 
The germ laden air is washed out 
thoroughly and mixed with ten per 
cent of fresh air. The air thus re- 
freshed is again drawn into the great 
intake duct by the same great fans, 
and its journey made again to the 
auditorium. In this event the little 
dust grains may never see daylight 
again, they are carried off to their sad 
fate from dust to dust in the stream 
of water which flows away in a grimy 
black stream. It is their voyage down 
the River Styx. 



The Dodge Building 



TOWERING above ihc old 
fashioned five-and six-stor>' loft 
buildings of the surrounding 
neigiiborhood, the Dodge Building, 
WesiBroadwaylietween Murray Street 
and Park Place offers an interesting 
study in contrast between present day 
commercial buildings and those of half 
a century ago. The building has just 
been completed and its lower floors are 




occupied by the Dodge Sales and En- 
gineering Company a subsidiary sales J 
organization of the Dodge Manufactur- 
ing Company of Mishawaka. India 
manufacturers of power transmissiou i 
machinery. 

The building extends eastward half] 
a block toward Church Street and be- 
cause of the wid th of tx)th West Broad- 
way and Park Place, and also the fact | 
thalatlofthebuild- 
ings in the \'icinity j 
are six stories or I 
under, the Dodge j 
Building naturally [ 
will be assured of | 
excellent light and I 
ventilation. 

Its electric 
equipment is most ' 
modern and com- 
plete. There are , 
four electrically I 
operated passenger j 
elevators, a freight i 
elevator, two elec- | 
trically driven I 
house pumps, one j 
sump pump , a ven- 
tilator and six hun- 
dred lamps all 
operated by current 
supplied by The 
New York Edison 
Company. The j 
freight elevate 
operatesonlytothe I 
third tloor.however, i 
asitismeanttoserve J 
only the owners. 
The Dodge Sales j 



nd E 



ngineenne 




Tke Edison Monthly 



>r the Park Plao 



Company occupies the first three floors 
of the building, with separate entrance 



at 49 West Broadway. 

entirely cut off from 
the remainder of the 
offices, the entrance 
for which is at 53 
Park Place 

In deciding on the 
design and construc- 
tion details, great 
care was exercised in 
providing a structure 
not only of imposing 
appearance, but of 
con^■enient arrange- 
ment and affording 
ample floor space to 
provide not only for 
present business, but 
futureexpansion. 

The building is 
twelve stories high, 
and of steel and con- 
crete construction. 



Their part ii 



The exterior is of granite up to the 
third floor, and (he upper por- 
tion is faced with light brown brick 
ornamented with terra cotta panels. 
The main entrance of the building, on 
Park Place, and the lobby are impos- 
ingly finished in marble and bronze. 
The building was designed by Shape, 
Breadyand Peterkin. Crossand Cross 
were the consulting architects. It was 
erected by the Owners Improvement 
Corporation and the electrical equip- 
ment was installed by the Ames Eiec- 
iric Co. 

The floor arches are of concrete and 
■ire supported on extra heavy steel 
girders designed for a floor load of 120 
pounds per square foot, instead of 
sixty pounds, which is the normal 
floor load for office buildings, thus af- 
fording ample provision for the stor- 
age of emergency trade service stocks 
as well as the display of samples, 




J 



The Last of the Convict Ships 



PALED into insignificance are the 
stones of the Black Hole of Cal- 
cutta and the Spanish Inquisi- 
tion, beside the history of horror and 
iniquity that held forth on the prison 
ship Success, during the first half of 




the nineteenth century, The 132- 
year old briganline, used for the trans- 
port of convicts to Australia as part 
of England's penal system, is now at 
Pier No I, the Battery, on its lour 
of the principal ports of the world as 
an educational object lesson in prison 
reform. 

The ancient vessel has been on pub- 



lic exhibition throughout the English 
speaking world since she was raised 
from the bottom of Sydney Harbor, 
Australia, where, in response to an out- 
raged public sentiment, she had been 
sunk in 1 885. On being reconditioned 
. ~,-_-^m she was wired 
J throughout for an 
installation of four 
hundred electric 
lamps, and now at 
whatever port she 
(ouches, connec- 
tion is made with 
Central Station 
Service for the sup- 
ply of this lighting 
service. It is a 
strange contrast of 
modern conve- 
nience and ancient 
prison methods. 

The old ship, 
launched at Moul- 
mein, Lower Bur- 
ma, in 1790 served 
originally as an 
armed merchant- 
man. Twelve years 
later she was taken 
over by the British 
iih Priloo Ship Succs.t Government to con- 
vey the overflow of 
the British jails to the newly established 
penal settlements in Australia. She 
continued in the traffic nearly fifty 
years and during the gold rush to 
Australia, she was converted into a 
floating prison and permanently sta- 
tioned in Hobson's Bay. Cells, strong 
and gloomy, were built in her hold 
and prisoners were immured for long 



Xke £dison Montkly 



terms, generally starling with two 
years of solitary confinement. 

Cruelty seemed to be the order of 
the day and many of the devices re- 
quired for the practice of man's bru- 
■tality constitute this interesting ex- 
hibit. Airless dungeons, condemned 
cells, whipping posts, manacles, 
branding irons, punishment balls, 
leaden-tipped cat-o'-nine tails, and 
the coffin bath suggest the hardship 
and torture which the prisoners en- 
dured. Likenesses in wax of the most 
notorious of the inmates are nn ex- 
hibition in the cells. 

The prisoners 
survived for twenty 
and thirty years^ 
some of them! 
There was no light 
and no sanitary ac- 
commodation, no 
"room and balh", 
of which some penal 
institutions brag 
in these days of 
prison reform. 
Prisoners were al- 
lowed on deck only 
one hour out of 
twenty-four. And 
that hour of day- 
light tended to 
blind, for, like 
mine donkeys and 
other beasts and 
humans that live 
in darkness, their 
sight soon failed- 

The daily ration 
consisted of water, 
oatmeal, and bread 
with meat once a 
week. In defend- 
ing this meagre ra- 



tion the prison board explained 
that if they fed the prisoners too ■ 
much , they would be too strong and 
healthy and that it was better to keep . 
them weak and avoid the danger of 4 
mutiny. 

Only last year, the last of the con- 
vict ship's survivors died. That is, 
the last of the prisoner alumni so far as 
records indicate. He was William j 
Jones, colored, and died at Sydney, 
Australia, June 2nd, I92i,at the age I 
of 98. 

He "did" thirty-two years aboard ] 
the Success. Originally sentenced f 




from Cardi ff .Wales 
for ten years iov 
altempled arson, 
he escaped, b u i 
was caught outsidt- 
of Melbourne on 
his way to the gold 
(diggings after 
"sticking up" stngf 
coaches. For lhi> 
he got iwenty-uvn 
years. After ser\- 
ing the combined 
sentences with as 
much solitary con- 
finement as would 
have killed a dozen 
others, he was 
freed . Leaving 
Melbourne, he es- 
tablished himself in 
the cigar business 
in Lower George 
Street. Sydney , 
and kept well the 
secret of his past. 
When the Success 

OncoflhcWaxCro 

was on V 1 e w m 
Sydney, his curios- 
ity overcame his discretion , and he ven- 
tured aboard. He made himself known 
to the lecturer and remarked that in 
, his youth he was much better looking 
' than the figure shows him to be. 

The day Jones made himself known , 
' he told the lecturer that he was lured 
[■ by the advertisement of Captain D H 
Smith , American citizen , present own- 
er of the ship. The handbills and an- 
mncements of the Success always 
carry the prominent line that "The 
I Success is electrically lighted through- 
I out and can be inspected at night as 
I well as by day." 

"Despite my thirty-two years 




aboard the old 'hellion'." he told the 
guide, "I never got a chance to see 
what she looked like. 1 was carried 
aboard at night. It was always pilch 
dark in her hold, and whenever I was 
allowed on deck I was so blinded by 
daylight that I could not see very- 
much. It took me a year or so to 
regain my sight once I was freed. I 
couldn't help but come to see the place 
I had lived in for thirty-two years. 
The privations that we fellows en- 
dured cannot be realized when the old 
boat is so brightly illuminated from 
stem to stem, aft, fo'ard, amidships, 
in the holds and ever>'where." 





^^V Tlie Edison Montkly ^ 






1 
If 

1 

1 
11 


1 

i 




si 

n 

s " 

11 

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: a 

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1 

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M 



After Nine Years 



IN February, 1914, there appeared 
in The Edison Monthly an article 
entitled 'Trom Mule to Motor". 
It dealt with the purchase, in 1913, 
by the Coca-Cola Bottling Company 
of New York, of one two-ton electric 
truck. The article says in part **The 
two-ton electric truck is used for the 
delivery of Coca-Cola in New York. 
It does the work of five horses at a 
cost of $26 a month as compared 
with $100.'' Commencing with this 
first installation the number of elec- 
tric trucks has been continually added 
to until now the Coca-Cola Bottling 
Company owns five two- ton electric 
trucks, three three-and -one- half ton 
and one of fifteen hundred pounds 
capacity. It is interesting to note 
that the original electric truck which 
went into service in May of iQisis 
still in operation today. 

Few people, in drinking Coca-Cola 
at a baseball game, in an ice-cream 
parlor or anywhere else, stop to con- 
sider who makes it or how it is dis- 
tributed. The Coca-Cola Company is 
the originator and manufacturer of 
the product and the New York office 
is located at 330 West 27th Street. 
The Coca-Cola Bottling Company of 
New York with its offices at 341 East 
46th Street operates under a franchise 
from the parent company and is the 
local bottler and distributor of the 
beverage. Having but little trans- 
portation to do, the Coca-Cola Com- 
pany owns but one three-and-one-half 
ton electric truck. The others are 
all owned and operated by the Coca- 
Cola Bottling Company and are used 
for distribution to the jobber, dealer 



and the retail refreshment dealers. 
The territory covered by the electric 
trucksof the Coca-Cola Bottling Com- 
pany includes the Bronx, Manhattan, 
Coney Island and points in Brooklyn. 
Gasoline trucks are still used for long 
distance hauls, but the purpose of the 
Company is to discard the gasoline 
truck wherever possible. 

Economy, of Electrics 

Mr Charles E Culpeper, manager 
of the Coca-Cola Company and presi- 
dent of the Coca-Cola Bottling Com- 
pany states that **Truck operation 
costs are fifty per cent lower by elec- 
tric trucks than by gas cars.** Just how 
efficient and economical the electric 
trucks are can be seen from the fact 
that the cost of delivery of a case by 
the three-and-one-half electrics is 
twenty cents while with the gas cars 
the cost is twenty-two cents and seven 
mills. This cost includes expenses of 
advertising, bottling, driver, and sales- 
man's commissions, and is a total 
representative cost with the exception 
of manufacturing expense. The saving 
eff^ected on each case by the use of 
electrics might not appear very large 
but as there are one hundred and 
twenty cases on each load the saving 
amounts to $3.24. Two loads a day is 
the average during the summer and 
thus the saving in favor of electric 
trucks becomes $6.48 a day. 

Recently the bottling company 
added an unusual electric truck to 
the fleet. This is the fifteen hundred 
pound car, and it is used primarily as 
an advertising medium, though some 
few deliveries are also made by it. 



139 



I 




The vehicle is equipped with two 
batteries; one furnishes the motive 
power for the wheels and the other 
supplies electricity for lighting bulbs 
inside tall glass bottles. 

TheCompany'slocal deliveries were 
originally made entirely with horses. 
Upon the advent of the first electric 
truck, began the 
elimination of 
horses, for it was 
seen that the elec- 
tric cost less and 
was more reliable. 
Shortly afterward 
gasoline trucks 
were experimented 
with for city work, 
but they proved 
unsatisfactory in a 
service which wa^ 
one essentially of 
local deliveries. 
The extreme relia- K •' 
bility ofthe electric 
vehicle has been 



pariralty rtsponsibld 
for its popularity in j 
this connection. 
The fact that dur- 
int; the quiet sea- J 
-on, electrics are 
more desirable , 
ihan either gasoline < 
'■.irs or horses be- ' 
r .uiscof their lower 
iixL-d costs, such as 
insurance, and de- 
lirerialion also 
■ iildsto their popu- 

The mileage of 

ihe trucks varies J 

greatly by reason 

of the fact thai the ] 

business is to a 

large extent seasonal. 

The value to others of the experi- 
ence of the Coca-Cola Bottling Com- 
pany is clearly evident. From one 
electric truck in 1913 the fleet has 
grown to nine electric trucks in 1922, 
and Mr Culpeper. states that they 
expect shortly to add still more. 



Xk« EJiaon Montkly 



The Edison Monthly ^^ ^°'^'' fi^.t «nt^' 

„ jj. , , , ' gave a service which was i 

The New York Edison Company 

Qmend Offeet 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

New York City 



There are not many industries or 
professions which have grown from 
the laboratory stage to national im- 
portance under the directing genius of 
the same minds and hands. The first 
steam railroad operated more than 
one hundred years ago; the forerunner 
of the Lanathan, the Majestic and the 
Berengaria sailed up the Hudson in 
1809; city transportation had its be- 
ginnings in horse-drawn stage coaches; 
chemistry and medicine have come 



station 

gave a service which was available 
only to the few buildings in territory 
of less than a square mile in lower New 
York, and then only for the purpose of 
providing illumination. Today there 
is not a city or town without its central 
electric power plant and there is 
hardly a task which is not lightened 
by its magic. 

To those who served during those 
trying pioneering days there must be a 
tremendous satisfaction in looking 
back and contemplating how thor- 
oughly they planned and how well 
they have executed. 



To an automobile driver who had 
picked his way carefully over the ruts 
and holes of a neglected macadam 
road a recent ride over the same road 
in an electric was a distinct revelation. 



down through the ages; printing goes There was no easing down into the 
back several hundred years, but the holes, no shifting of gears to come up 
business of supplying electric light and out of them and in fact very little re- 



power for homes, factories and offic 
is wholly of the twentieth century. It 
was in the late '70's and early '8o's 
that Edison did his preliminary work 
for the central station industry. In 
September, 1882, New York's first 
central station was placed in opera tion . 
The building which housed New 



duction of speed during the rough 
journey. The electric sped right 
along, passing many higher powered 
cars on the way. 

And with all the speed that the elec- 
tric was making there was no great dis- 
comfort. The car went in and out of 
the holes without the tossing about of 



York's first central station still stands; passengers that was causing the other 
one of the original Jumbo generators cars to stop. The explanation lay in 
is a never failing source of interest the fact that the heavy storage bat- 



whenever it is shown; Edison himself 
retains a keen interest in the work 
which he started; and many of the men 
•who were associated with him in the 
early days now occupy positions of 
importance in the industr>- which 
they helped develop from infancy to 
national necessity. 



tery served admirably as ballast while 
the springs were designed essentially 
for passenger comfort on rough roads 
rather than to meet the requirements 
of high speed. 

To those who would try out the rid- 
ing qualities of their cars, this same 
road is recommended — the two-mile 



Tbe Edison Montbly 



bit of corrugated and pock-marked 
macadam on Ocean Avenue, Brook- 
lyn, extending from Kings Highway 
to Sheepshead Bay. After that, try 
it in an electric. 

Although the history of mechanical 
devices for washing clothes goes back 
more than one hundred years, it was 
not until the electric motor entered 
the field that real progress was made 
in eliminating the drudgery of this 
age-old household task. How wel- 
come this contribution of inventive 
minds has been to the realm of house- 
hold management is seen in today's 
tremendous demand for washing ma- 
chines. The washing machine today is 
firmly established in the modern home. 
In the rural districts it is displacing the 
old wooden tub that from Monday to 
Monday hangs on the woodshed door 
— in the cities it is making the sta- 
tionary kitchen washtub with its 
running hot and cold water an almost 
useless encumbrance of apartment or 
dwelling. 

Inventive minds have not limited 
themselves to the problem of getting 
the dirt out of fabrics — they have been 
just as much concerned with methods 
of ironing and with equipment for dry- 
ing. As a result the properly equipped 
laundry today has its electric washing 
machine, its drying cabinets, its elec- 
trically heated iron for smoothing 
small pieces and its ironing machine 
for handling heavy wash . The earliest 
types of mechanical washers followed 
closely the principal of the strong arm 
and the corrugated rubbing surface, a 
method which dates back to prehistoric 
times. The machines of today follow 
principles laid down a hundred or more 



years ago when oscillating or tumbling 
tubs, operated by hand levers, forced 
soapy water through the garments to 
be cleaned. To these the electrician's 
contribution has been the electric 
motor and the methods of transmit- 
ting power to washtub and wringer. 

Of all the factors that make for in- 
efficiency in the profession of the burg- 
lar or hold-up man, there is none that 
he dreads quite so much as light. And 
close behind light as a crime preventa- 
tive comes noise. 

A burglar will hesitate a long time 
before breaking into a building where 
the lights are turned on, and he will 
quit any job at the first untoward 
sound. This explains why so many 
buildings leave a night light burning 
after closing hours and why so many 
others are installing sirens to sound 
the alarm when a hold-up threatens. 
Light prevents crime and the siren 
calls for help. 

As described elsewhere in this issue, 
there has recently been perfected a 
howling device by which a call for help 
can be sent from any part of a bank 
or other building. Signal stations 
are installed under tables or desks and 
may be operated by the knee or foot 
without any perceptible movement of 
the body. The contact thus estab- 
lished sets the siren to howling and all 
within hearing distance know that 
help is needed. An important feature 
in the design of the alarm is the ar- 
rangernent which prevents tampering 
with the wires; any break in the cir- 
cuit starts the alarm and the effect is 
the same as though a harassed teller 
had stepped on the contact under his 
desk. 



14S 



Beginning of Central Station Service! 



IN a recent issue of this magazine 
an attempt was made to tell what 
New York was like a generation 
ago and to describe some of the 
things which gave it character. At 
that recent historical period the city 
was at the threshold of its consolidated 
greatness, but with little eagerness to 
go forward to its new responsibilities 
and with only a clouded vision of its 
metropolitan destiny. Community 
problems which soon were to become 
of seemingly insurmountable magni- 
tude, problems created by the rapidly 
increasing population and involving 
the comfort and well being of all the 
people, were just beginning to press 
for solution, 

IS clearly a time for men of poise 
and purpose, for men capable of esti- 



mating the varied and urgent requi 
ments as they took the measure of ll 
municipal stature. 

There was the interesting subject 
a new light, a light of electrical o 
and so simplified that it could be 
in the house, at office desk or w< 
shop table — anywhere in fact tl 
illumination was needed . Reporl 
had come from the Edison laboratorie: 
at Menlo Park showing that rapid 
progress was being made with the ni 
light , and a project to illuminate a 
tion of the city was under way 
lights — those great balls of radiance 
which crackled and sputtered through 
faulty contact of the big carbon pen- 
cils — were to be seen on a number 
thoroughfares— were the new ligl 
to be anything like these? If not. 
be possible 



new>H 





permanent light suited to individual 
requirements? The public was deeply 
interested and it wanted to know 
about these things — which was in 
every respect natural enough. 

The newspapers, alert to the im- 
portance of a new method of lighting 
^nd of its incalculable benefit to 
l^icivilization, were it to prove satis- 
factory, became aware that the men 
Kfcehind the enterprise, fully convinced 
Cby the results of experiments which 
Kibad been carried on for many months, 
I were about to put the light to' its first 
(commercial test. 

Harper's Weekly, in its issue of 

jine 24, 1882 — published full page 

Ipiclures from the artistic pen of 



W R Snyder showing the laying of 
the first wires underground. This was 
on Spruce Street and the system em- 
braced the territory' between Wall and 
Spruce Streets. Nassau Street and the 
East River. A canvass of this district 
had been made to discover primarily 
what its light requirements were. One 
is apt lo smile as he looks at the figures 
of that canvass and considers them in 
connection with the requirements of 
the district today. All told there were 
only 90 elevators — mostly for freight. 
Some were operated by steam power 
and others by hand. Besides ihesfe 
eighty horses were daily employed on 
the ropfs pf. buildings in the leatht^ 
district to hoist bales of hides through 



Tke EJison Monthly 



hatchways to various floors. Some of 
these animals had been in service for 
years. To raise a load from the street 
a r.ope was fastened around the 
bundle, the other end passing over a 
pulley and being attached to the 
horse. At a signal from below, a boy 
would drive the horse along a track 
for a distance equal to the height that 
the load had to be raised. That was 
the old lime way. In the light of the 
modern method how archaic it seems. 
A total of 18,043 gas jets lighted the 
district. There were 80 sewing ma- 
chines, 742 small hoist engines and 
129 engines for running machiner>-. 

The text which accompanied the 
Harper's Weekly illustrations told of 
the groups of citizens that gathered 
along the curb and of their expressions 
of wonder at what was going on. They 
saw the copper wire and the iron pipe 
through which it passed, the junction 
boxes at the intersections of streets 
and all the physical evidences of some- 
thing new. 

"It's an invention of Thomas A 



Edison," said one 
what I hear he's 
done something bij.' 
-r-something that \-r- 
going to revolution- 
ize our ideas ol 
lighting and, may- 
be, of power." 

While street 
gangs were busy 
with the conduits. 
others were making 
connections with 
the buildings wh ich 
were to have tiif 
distinction of being 
the first to use the 
incandescent light. 



md frni 



They included the old Drexel buildi 
the Times oflice, then at Nassau 
Street and Park Row. the Park Bank, 
and the Herald oflice, which 
time occupied the old site o 
St. Paul's church on Broadway. 

The summer passed. The city hi 
become familiar with the laying of 
pipes and now awaited with expect- 
ancy the fulhlment of the promise of 
the new thing in lighting. 

Little had come from Edison hirti- 
seif. The doors of the city's first power 
station at No 255-257 Pearl Street 
closed him in every morning and did 
not swing to let him out until most of 
New York was in bed. He lived in 
that important period with his dy- 
namos and engines, busy throughout 
the long days working, experimenting, 
getting everything in readiness for the 
certain day when the world woiil 
know what he had accomplished 

The day was September 4, 11 
and the specific hour 3 p m. At 
signal from Edison himself, the gen< 
ators — crude Jumbos of 115 Hon 
power each — -sent forth thi 



the 

I 



^,q 



I'llli'JJ-i.i; 



Tfce E<lison MontKIy 




Comm« E)ectricBl Show in New Yi 

which following underground lines 
with a total length of thirteen miles, 
simultaneously gave light to all the 
establishment with connections. 

It being impossible to be in two 
places at once, a group of distinguished 
citizens, including men prominent in 
the electrical world, foregathered at 
the plant, there to greet Edison and 
enjoy the privilege of being present on 
:asion of historical importance, 
twhile other groups found equal in- 
Jterest in a personal view of the "small 
■■blazing horseshoes that glowed within 
Tf^arshaped globes, pendant beneath 
lercelain shades" in one or another of 
fclhe buildings equipped with the light. 
In July of that same year, a group 
jof men notable in the field of science, 
visited Menlo Park to witness the 
Boperation of a new kind of locomotive. 
ijt was an iron horse without boilers 
P:Or firebox, cylinders or smoke stack, 
which received its power from elec- 
tricity fed by wire leading from the 
Edison Laboratory to the rails upon 
which the wheels ran. 



The driver took 
ii--placein the cab. 
riic guests took 
seats in the small 
car attached to the 
locomotive. Atsig- 
n.il the train moved 
tiown the short line 
ihal had been built 
\<>\- experimental 
M.ils of the new 
i.ilison device and 
ihcn returned. It 
was the first elec- 
trical ride on rec- 
ord. Everybody 
p rese nl was a m azed 
"■'' but there was some 

shaking of heads. Always there are 
doubters, always some who hesitate 
to accept the evidence of a new way 
of accomplishing an old result. 

The electric locomotive whose oper- 
ations at Menlo Park amazed those 
who were privileged to be present at 
its trial was the forerunner of its kind. 
One has but to contemplate the pres- 
ent systems of subway and elevated 
railroads and the electric locomotives, 
which operate out of the great trunk- 
line terminals to realize the vital 
importance of the Edison inventions 
of that early day. 

Forty years ago! And Edison, with 
his new light blazing the way to a new 
era. still was able to find time (and, 
possibly, relaxation of a kind) to put 
electricity to work as a power agent. 
The light of '82 now shines around 
the world and wherever there is light 
there also is power. Here in New York 
the story of our amazing growth dur- 
ing the past (our decades never could 
have been recorded had it not been 
for Edison and his work. 



I 



Tke Edison MontKIy 







National Bank of Commerce 



JUST a quarter of a century ago 
the National Bank of Commerce 
completed and moved into its 
new twenty-story home at Nassau and 
Cedar Streets. The skyscraper occu- 
pied the historic spot on which Aaron 
Burr had his home during Revolution- 
ary times, and the bank is the proud 
possessor of the original parchment 
deed made in the name of Aaron Burr 
and his wife. In erecting the building, 
the bank installed its generating plant 
for lighting purposes. The high pres- 
sure steam plant also supplied power 
for hydraulic elevators, pumps and 
other equipment. After a quarter cen- 
tury of service this apparatus has been 
discarded in favor of electric motors 
and Central Station Service. 

Chartered in 1839 

Chartered in 1839 the Bank of 
Commerce, as it was then known, had 
its first offices in the Merchants Ex- 
change Building at 46 Wall Street. 
Three years later the bank leased half 
of the building of the Bank of the 
State of New York at Nassau and 
Wall Streets adjoining the sub-treas- 
ury. This property was purchased 
by the government in 1845 and the 
bank then obtained the present site 
on which it erected a four-story 
marble building which at that time 
was considered to be one of the finest 
in the city. Forty years later addi- 
tional land was secured at 33 Nassau 
Street and the erection of the present 
building was begun. Recently the 
bank added to its holdings by acquir- 
ing the Postal Life Insurance Building 
at 35 Nassau Street and now owns all 
of the frontage on the west side of 
Nassau Street from Liberty to Cedar 



Street. The first president of the 
bank was Samuel Ward , whose daugh- 
ter, Julia Ward Howe, wrote the 
''Battle Hymn of the Republic." How 
the bank has grown since those days is 
seen in the records of deposits — $831 ,- 
392 in 1839, and $386,379,208 in 1921. 

Since the purchase in March, 1919, 
of the fifteen-story Postal Life Insur- 
ance building the question arose with 
regard to the power and light supply 
for both buildings. The Postal dur- 
ing its previous ownership had dis- 
carded a plant in favor of Central 
Station Service . After a very lengthy 
and thorough investigation of both 
types of electrical supply, the bank 
decided to abandon its own plant and 
adopt Edison Service for its own build- 
ing also. This, notwithstanding the 
fact that it would mean a 100% 
change in the mechanical equipment 
and expenditure of thousands of dollars 
for new apparatus. Plans for the ex- 
tensive alterations are in the hands of 
the Thompson Starrett Company of 49 
Wall Street and the new elevators will 
be installed by the A B See Electric 
Elevator Company of 52 Vesey Street. 

The combined electrical installation 
of the two buildings totals 5660 
lamps and 820 horsepower, of which 
3660 lamps and 510 horsepower are 
for the bank building proper. The 
electrified equipment includes eleven 
elevators, replacing hydraulic ma- 
chines and an older type electric ele- 
vator , a side-walk lift , house pumps , ice 
machines and several ventilating fans. 

The adoption of Edison Service 
continues without abatement in large 
office buildings and manufacturing 
plants. More and more, as in the 
instance of the National Bank of 



149 



Tbe • Edison, ^ontlily 



Commerce, owners are realizing the 
dependability and economy of Central 
Station Service and superiority over 
the isolated plant. 

Nas^u Street in the past quarter 
of a century has become one of the 
main thoroughfares of the downtown 



district and boasts of many banks 
along its way. The new Federal 
Reserve Bank now in course of con- 
struction will be located on the east 
side of Nassau Street, taking in the 
entire block from Maiden Lane to 
Liberty Street 



« t 



I i 



The Electrical Goblin 

(The Goblin called "electrical" is a fairy up-to-date; 
Believes in current miracles and works at lightning rate. ) 

**Now **why-r** said this Goblin 
**Do you toil the live-long day?** 

He was speaking to the house-wife 

Who was wiping tears away. 

For you should wash and iron and sweep 

And still have time to play!** 

Oh how? bright elf**, the house-wife cried 
"There are no maids to hire 
The work is always roundabout, 
Achieving it, I tire** . . * 

, The Goblin only winked at her 
And chuckled '*Why*r WIREr 

♦ ♦ :|e ♦ 

*Xow why*r" said this Goblin 
Don*t you make the biddies lay ?** 
He was talking to the farmer 
Who was making nests of hay, 
A hen will eat and then repeat 
As long as it is day, 
The more she eats the more she'll shell 
Out eggs that make her pay !** 

How, brilliant elf*', the farmer cried 
With zeal a hen inspire ? 
How make the henhouse light as day 
The sun won*t stay up higher ?' 

Th6 Goblin only winked at him 
And chuckled "Why*r WIRE!'' 

—SttUa Knight 




( i 



4 i 




150 



Tke EJison Montkly 



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TKe EJiaon Montfcly 



I 



^ Knockout OFPer 

on Electi^g^ycii 

Sensational Reductions j^^Kl| S^ 
Old prices were35 to40%more '^^^" ^ 

7^ terms >^U)0 -with order ,«iM\ [ f>| 
balance in 21 montlis ''''^'/^^^(M 

Mon(»y-back offer Wia|isrl 










Made hen in \ew I'arjt -Six >i:».- 7»9 Jl 



Ward Electrics 



The Full PagFElKI 



Electric Vehicle Advertising 



INTEREST of the motor trucking 
world has been centered recently 
in the sales campaign of the Ward 
Motor Vehicle Company in which a 
substantial price reduction, deferred 
payments, and a money back guaran- 
tee were among the elements used to 
draw public attention to electric trans- 
portation. 

Of particular interest in connection 
with this campaign was the method of 
the company in placing its message 
before the public — a method doubly 
interesting because of the infrequency 
with which it has been employed by 
the electric vehicle industry — the use 
of a full page newspaper spread. 

This advertisement occupied a full 
newspaper page and outlined the terms 
and conditions under which electrics 
could be purchased. Not alone did 
this advertisement dwell upon the ex- 
tremely long life of the electric truck 
and its numerous other advantages, 
but it quoted prices and explained the 
details of the deferred payment plan 
under the terms of which the monthly 
sums paid out would about equal the 
saving of the electric over other 
methods of transportation. 

The Ward Campaign 

For the Ward campaign a complete 
plan has been mapped out whereby an 
advertisement relating to the advan- 
tages of electric trucks will appear in a 
city newspaper at least twice a month 
while reprints of the published adver- 
tisement will be enclosed with the 
company's regular follow-up letters. 
The advertising campaign of the Ward 
Motor Vehicle Company is in the 



hands of the John O Powers Company 
of 50 East 42nd Street. 

In all the advertisements the 
economy of the electric truck will be 
heavily stressed and emphasis will be 
laid hot on the low -first cost, but upon 
the economy of operation and mainte- 
nance as compared with other types of 
trucks. All told, the Ward Company 
distributes about 2,000 pieces of its 
electric truck literature a month in 
New York City . The mailing list used 
now numbers nearly 16,000 names 
and while many of these are scattered 
throughout the country, at least 2,500 
are located here in Manhattan and the 
Bronx. 

Mr E J Ross, New York Manager 
of the Ward Motor Vehicle Company 
has stated that the advertisements 
sent out by his company, and particu- 
larly those which appeared as news- 
paper "spreads" have continued draw- 
ing business as long as two months 
after their initial release. This would 
indicate that New York City mer- 
chants are beginning to realize as 
never before, how necessary it is that 
their transportation systems be placed 
upon an economical basis. In other 
words, that horses be used where 
horses belong, that gasoline trucks be 
employed for long distance haiilage 
and that electric trucks be used in 
their proper place. 

Competent authorities have stated 
that electric trucks can profitably re- 
place 85% of the gasoline trucks now 
in service on our city streets. Such ad- 
vertising and selling campaigns as that 
of the Ward Company will go far toward 
effecting this important replacement. 



isx 



When the Eagle Screams 



I 



TRl'LY, if one judges hy our 
daily newspaper reports, these 
are great days for the bandit and 
the hotd-up man with his brother high- 
waymen in armed motor cars waiting 
nearby for the get-away, great days 
for burglars ordinary and extraordi- 
nary, and all those like the robber 
barons of old of whom Shaw says in 
one of his prefaces, "They considered 
it a good life to rob and pill." But in- 
ventive brains have been at work 
with the result that the Hold-up 
Alarm is now ready to protect the 
lives and property of bankers, jewelers 
and furriers and others whose wares 
prove too strong a temptation to the 
hold-up gang. 

The device, a strident voiced siren 
is already installed on several banks 
and on warehouses containing vahi- 
able stocks. It is known as "E J Elec- 
tric Protection" and is made by the 
U S E M Company. 

One thing marauders dislike most 
heartily is noise and the siren blast of 
this system screams with such persist- 
ence that every policeman and de- 
tective within a quarter of a mile is 
instantly called to the scene of trouble. 
This was recently demonstrated when 
a cashier of the Garfield National 
Bank at Fifth Avenue and 23rd Street, 
on finding himself confronted with a 
would-be passer of forged checks, 
stepped on a button, setting in action 
the siren in front of the bank. This 
SOS, which the newspapers described 
as the eagle's screams^there is a 
bronze eagle perched over the bank's 
door — soon assembled a curious crowd 
of several thousand persona and 



brought up a battalinn of jmlicemen 
and detectives. 

The interest aroused brought many 
requests for information regarding the 
system and has led to its being com- 
mercially developed and so it has 




already been installed in important 
banks and jewelrj' stores. 

The underlying idea is that whereas 
bells are stereotyped and meaningless 
amid a city's noises, the penetrating 
howl of a siren will always attract at- 
tention and stop traffic. 

The Hold-up Alarm is described by 
an expert as follows: "This system is 
designed for the protection of bank 
employees and others against hold-ups 



Tfce Edison MontUy 




and robI>eries, by the installation of a 
motor-driven siren with suitable con- 
trol equipmenl for its operation from a 
number of stations. 

"These stations are arranged for 
knee or foot operation. The system is 
provided with suitable equipment to 
guard against failure due to interrup- 
tion of current supply or malicious 
interference. Failure of current, from 
any cause, results in the ringing of a 
bell by a mechanical spring for a con- 
siderable period, after which, a signal 
light calls atlenlion lo the fact that 
the system is out of operation. 

"Provision is made for daily silent 
tests to insure that the system is in 
proper working order, without actual 
full blast from the siren. 

"The operation of the system from 
one of the stations results in a fluc- 
tuating screech from the siren." 

The great bugaboo of old-fashioned 
open circuit burglar alarms, was main- 
tenance, renewal of batteries, and not 
knowing whether or not the system 
was in working condition. 

The E J system is on a closed circuit 
in which a small amount of current 
from thehouselightingwires is flowing 
all the lime and should anyone tamper 



with the alarm or should a wire be 
broken accidentally or intentionally, a 
signal is given inside the bank by means 
of a mechanical bell operated by heavy 
springs and independent of the electric 
system. This bell differentiates by ring- 
ing continuously if the trouble is inside 
of the bank, and intermittently if 
there is interference with the siren cir- 
cuit from the outside. The "trouble 
bell" rings for fifteen minutes and if 
after that lime the cause of the dis- 
turbance has not been adjusted, it 
changes to a visual signal and lights 
a lamp. 

The control cabinet of this system 
is placed in some convenient part of 
the building, accessible to authorized 
persons only. From the control cab- 
inet circuits run to the siren and to 
various operating stations back of the 
tellers' cages and under executives' 
desks.Thesiren is operated by depress- 
ing one of the stations (which are made 
in both the bar and mushroom type) 
with the foot, hand or knee, and these 
stations are so protected as to prevent 
accidental operation and falw alarms. 







■ ttw E J Ekxtric Dcvii 



J 



Tlie Edison MontKly 



The current supply for the .-rvsleni 
comes from the same source which 
lights the building and the wiring is 
installed in a manner similar to that 
for electric light wires. 

The daily test is made by means of 
a small dial on the control panel. This 
dial has three positions, one for the 
siren, one for the stations and the 




third for resetting. Tlie old trick on 
"inside jobs" of using jumpers would 
not withstand this test. 

For the test the siren is sounded at 
such slow speed that it is just barely 
audible from the main entrance, or, if 
Ihecontrol panel islocated too faraway 
for the siren to be heard at the testing 
point, a testing device indicates 
whether the siren is running or not, 
and shows immediately if there has 
beeninterfereneeof aify kind. As soon 
as the lest is finished, the dial resets 
itself so no reliance has to be placed on 
the memory of employees. 

An. objection in the past to placing 
alarm systems on electric light mains, 



where the service might be inlerruple 
and then re-established, was the fre- 
quency of false alarms However. 
with the new system, the mechanical 
bell, already mentioned, would ring 
until the supply was renewed, when 
the mechanism would reset itself. 

The motor of the "howling device" 
is mechanicall>' operated by hea\'y 
springs, connected with special con- 
tacts which will light up a trouble 
lamp in case of accident. 

When set in operation this howling 
siren — which is driven by a ^-Sorse 
power motor — emits the most terrify- 
ing noise ranging in pitch from a low 
growl to a high screech , Whatever the 
wind or atmospheric conditions may 
be, some of these alarming tones will 
carry a great distance, and of course 
such a variation of sound will pene- 
trate over a much wider range than a 
single note. 

During the war, sirens were used in 
cities to give warning of air-raids, and 
on the battle-front of gas attacks. 

One would say after hearing its roar- 
ing screech tried out that any reason- 
able hold-up man, on hearing it, 
would change his tactics immediately 
from the offensive to the defensive 
and, if possible, fold his tent like the 
Arabs and as "silently steal away." 

An aviator said that tfie last sound 
he heard as the plane got out of range 
of the city's noises was the barking of 
dogs. Surely the Hold-up Alarm was 
not in operation thai day. 

Gratitude 
It alwayssort o' seems to me 
That Mr Moon shpuld grateful be 
For all th? faithful 'lectric lights 
That help him with his job at nights, 
— Alite Cm-uiill Huffman ' 



Blue Monday Indeed! 



10NG before the advent of the 
Chinese laundry ticket, the wet 
^ wash, the energetic washwoman 
or the modem electric laundry, civil- 
izations of ancient development had 
their methods of washing and ironing 
garments. By methods peculiarly 
their own they got the dirt out of their 
fabrics and managed after a fashion to 
smooth out the wrinkles. Different as 
the processes were from those of today 
they were effective after a fashion, 
and a study of them offers an inter- 




esting series of contrasting methods. 
The story of the primitive washing 
of garments and the development of 
mechanical methods takes one to the 
forum of Rome, to the streams of 
fndia, to the rivers and canals of 
Holland, to the public streams of 
England and Scotland; it was even in- 
fluenced by the French Revolution, 
and finally like everything dse that is 
essential to human prepress it reached 
the age of electricity; then rapid strides 
toward perfection followed. 

The Roman of 
the days when the 
toga designated a 
n^n s station in life 
was very proud of 
the garment that 
he wore draped 
about him in grace- 
ful folds as he 
wandered anion g 
the pohticians in 
the forum. The 
Romans sent their 
togas to the full- 
ones or fullers who 
wa,shed whitened 
or redyed, and 
pressed them. The 
Roman fuller 
placed the gar- 
ments nvatswhere 
he stamped upon 
them to loosen the 
d rt No soap was 
used but alkalis 
wereapplied tosep- 
arate the dirt from 
the materials being 
washed The gar- 



Lne Bdison Monthly 



ments were then hung up to dr>' 
in the streets in front of the 
fullones' house. If they were of 
wool the>' were carefully brushed 
to have the nap raised. If they 
were white they were put over a 
large wicker basket under which 
sulphur had been placed as a 
bleaching agent. When this part 
of the process was complete the 
garments were pressed in a wooden 
press which is not unlike their wine 
and oil presses. It was manipulated by 
two hand screws and was called a 
cochelia because of the spiral form of 
the screws. 

The primitive method by which 
clothes were probably washed first is 
still found in some countries today. 
The housewife takes her laundry to 
the nearest stream and. on public 
wash days, exchanges gossip with her 
neighbors while she stamps upon and 
beats the garments vigorously. In 
India, Ceylon, and Java the washing 
is done by washermen whose system 
is said to be very effective, although 
rather hard on the clothes. The ma- 
terials are wetted and slapped upon 
flat stones, then rinsed and 
slapped again. Foreign vUii- 
ors have been ;riurprL-e([ h,- 





the thoroughness of the opera- 
tion, especially when the^' re- 
.^ ceived their clothing back with 
no color left in them. 

The clothes washing of the 
ancient British was doubtle^ 
like that of the Scots where the 
women, with their coats tucked 
up stamped on the linen in the 
wash tubs. Sometimes two 
women stood in one tub with their 
arms thrown around each other's 
shoulders for support. Here, too. men 
taunderers and children performed the 
operation with their feet. The work 
was done in the rivers or perhaps in 
wash houses. In parts of Scotland the 
same method is followed to this day. 
In theseventeenthcenturj' in Dutch 
New York one might have stumbled 
upon very busy centres on washing 
day for the "bleaching grounds," 
relics of days in Holland, were at 
staled inter\'als covered tt*ilh linens of 
which the Dutch housewife was justly 
proud. Great hampers of articles to be 
washed were carried out to the canals 
and creeks nearby and afterwards 
were dried on the pasture land. 

.^11 Iht time that the house- 
wife in Iceland stamped in 
her tub of wet garments and 
the Indian "dhobe" 
beat the colors out 
of the clothing he 
was washing in the 
river, progress was 
being made in other 
lands whereby the 
laundering could 
he done by ma- 
chinery instead of 
by hand or foot as 
the case might be. 
Before 1789 two 



Xne Edison MontMy 



establishments were started near Paris 
to wash clothes by steam. The French 
Revolution interfered and it was not 
until later that steam apparatus was 
invented and used in general. The 
first device for washing clothes by this 
system was that of Rouget de Lisle, 




who is said to have been the grandson 
of the author of the "Marseillaise." 
It was too complicated, however, and 
was followed by simpler machines a lit- 
tle later. At first the steam processes 
that were used spoiled the clothes, 
a tragedy which was due to too high a 
steam pressure; but the methods were 
improved and for some time they were in use 
in Paris, especially in public establishments, 
hospitals, factories and hotels. 

In 1867 at the Paris Exposition an English 
make of washing machine was exhibited, as 
well as a similar one invented by a Parisian 
mechanic. It occupied a comparatively small 
space and consisted of an octagonal wooden 
box inside of which two fixed paddles were 
placed opposite each other to force the clothes 
to turn over during the rotary movements of 
the box as it was worked by hand. The 
clothes were placed in the box, boiling hot 
water and soap were poured in, and the cover 
was screwed down. The box was turned over, 
by means of the crank, twenty turns a minute 
with a pause after each turn to give the clothes 
time to be displaced and rubbed against the 
sides of the box and the paddles. This waa 
kept up for about ten minutes with only a 
dozen small pieces in at one time. The rins- 
ing of the clothes in cold water took place in 
the same machine and the wringing was done 



by small rollers. 



TKe Edison Monthly 



In 1859 a washing machine waa 
patented by David Parker of Shaker 
Village, New Hampshire, for use in 
hotels and laundries. An interesting 
pamphlet regarding this invention is 
to be found today containing letters 
of recommendation regarding this ma- 
chine and a detailed account of the 
care that should be taken in setting 
up the apparatus as well as the way 
in which it should be used. 

The following amusing extract is 
from that same pamphlet: 

"Too much care can not be taken 
to keep out of the machine at all 
times, pieces of bone, knives, forks, 
spoons, cork-screws, peach stones, 
nails and tacks, broken glass of any 
kind, or any other hard substances." 

The machine could be operated by 
steam or any other power. It ran at 
from sixty to eighty revolutions a 
minute or sixty to eighty vibrations 
a minute, and required one horse- 
power to operate it. The time needed 
to wash one set of clothing was any- 
where from ten to thirty minutes. 

The development of the electric 
washing machine in the United States 
has completely rev- 
olutionized laun- 
dry work. It is the 
outgrowth of the 
nineteenth century 
hand machine and 
it has been im 
proved so that it is 
now a device of ex 
ceedingly high effi 
ciency In the mod 
em home it does the 
work tirelessly and 
uncomplainingly, 
and thoroughly and 
quickly. 



Art and Economy 

The Theatre Guild lightii^ ap- 
paratus used under the direction 
of Mr Lee Simonson is not, as de- 
scribed in a previous issue of the 
magazine, supplied with a lens but is 
an open boxed arc used at a minimum 
of fifteen feet behind the screen. This 
method of stage lighting is an inven- 
tion of Linnebach and was perfected 
at the Dresden Theatre, Mr Simon- 
son explained, adding that the appar- 
atus is in itself a great advanti^e be- 
cause no wide angle lens has as yet been 
found practical on the stage which 
will cover the stage from this distance. 

The park scene in "Liliom" is done 
with a gauze drop and not a projector. 
This technique was invented by 
Hewlett and Bazing, who first used 
it in "Chanticleer." Ordinary floods 
behind the gauze give all the needed 
transparency. In the temple scene in 
"Back to Methuselah" only the 
shadow of the prophetess is projected. 




TheOctasoaal 



.V 



Septanh 




1922 



VOLUME 14 CONTENTS number 9 

>-=>^ ^ <^ 

The Edison Monthlj^ p„. 

The Edison Directory . . - Inside Front Cover 

Editorials - - • • • - - 162 

Forty Years of Edison Service - ■ ■ ■ 1 65 

The Chelsea Docks^ Airplane View - - - 169 

The New York Cotton Exchange - - - 171 

Book Binding - • - - - - 172 

The Firefly (Verse) - - - - ■ 1 75 

Warehouse Trucking - - - - - 1 76 

Ironing Days - - - - - - 1 78 

Interesting Displays at Electrical Show - - 180 

Edison District Offices with Map • Inside Back Cover 



CmirffA' 1923. k, rk /V«c Yorh £A»n Com 



Tke Edison Montkl: 



The Edison Monthly 

PuhUshedby 
The New York Edison Company 

Qenend Ogices 
Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 
New Yofk 



N F BftADY. President 
Waltik Nkumullsk. Secreary 
Pbkdikick Smith. Tre«sarer 



While the growth of the electric 
lighting industry as typified locally by 
The New York Edison Company is 
phenomenal in itself, one must con- 
sider the central station in its national 
aspect to gain even a slight conception 
of what electricity means to the coun- 
try as a whole . 

The central station industry had its 
beginning in New York just forty 
years ago in a rebuilt brick warehouse, 
from which six generators of 125 horse- 
power each sent current to some 1200 
lamps in the surrounding half mile of 
territory. Today the generating sta- 
tions in New York which have taken 
up the responsibilities of that pioneer 
are rated at more than half a million 
horse-power and they supply the 
equivalent of more than twenty-one 
million lamps. 

The industry, young as it is, covers 
every part of the country. A network 
of transmission lines carries current 



The Central Station Industry of the 
United States, today represent an in- 
vestment of approximately five billion 
dollars. 

It is small wonder then, that the 
pioneers of forty years ago, proud of 
their work and proud of what it has 
come to mean to the country should 
unite on this fortieth anniversary to 
do honor to the genius whose vision 
inspired it all. 



When a manufacturing plant of any 
kind approaches the 100% mark in 
operating efficiency it is a reasonable 
certainty that electricity is one of the 
factors which makes it possible. In 
the case of the American Book Bind- 
ing Company, whose plant is described 
in this issue, the individual electric 
motor has done much toward eliminat- 
ing operating waste in the binding of 
books. In this plant there are one 
hundred and fifty machines — gather- 
ers, stitchers, folders, case-makers, in 
fact machines for every part of the 
process from folding the flat sheet of 
paper to finishing the volume — and 
every machine has its individual 
motor. Some of these motors are 
only one sixth horse-power in size; 
others are seven horse-power. Each is 
ready to take up its task at the touch 
of a button, and another touch stops it. 
to every city, village and hamlet and ' Should a period occur during the day's 



there is hardly a task but is lightened 
by its magic. 

Electric power stations, either steam 
plant or hydro, are no longer housed in 
rebuilt warehouses. They are great 
brick and steel structures of striking 
architectural appearance, and within 
they represent the highest develop- 
ment of a highly specialized profession . 



work when all the machines are idle 
there is no consumption of current. 
In another five minutes the whole 
plant can be running at capacity. 

Thus is illustrated the great advan- 
tage of the individual motor over 
group drive or the steam driven plant. 
With the former the one large motor 
must be running to supply its group of 



162 



Tke Edison Montkly 



machines, even though only a small 
part of the group it serves has work on 
hand . The steam plant must be kept 
at working pressure at all times. 

Not only does the American Book 
Binding Company use individual mo- 
tors throughout its plant but the com- 
pany also uses electric heat for cook- 
ing glue and for maintaining it at a 
working temperature. Electrically 
heated dies are used for stamping the 
book covers. 

In the light of the service rendered 
by electricity in this plant, the words 
of the superintendent will well bear 
repetition. **In work performed 
month bv month it shows a real econ- 
omy. The troubles of other times are 
not with us now. We do not know 
what waits and stoppages are these 
days. Every motor in the plant has 
its own work to do and is suited to its 
job. A man-size motor isn't put on a 
boy-size job. When the work of a 
particular machine is done the motor 
stops instantly. There is not a sec- 
ond's waste of power. That is real 
economy just as it is economy to be 
able to begin or resume operations by 
the same instantaneous touch of a but- 
ton. One thing more. Notice the 
lighting units. On a dark day we can 
provide a very satisfactory substitute 
for sunlight — a light which is uniform 
on ever>^ floor and in every part of 
every floor. Yes, we use electricity 
here in three ways for heat, light and 
power and we get results, and they 
are what count.*' 



Users of trucks for city haulage will 
do well to heed the word of Mr Charles 
Morris, president of the Van Owners 
Association of Greater New York, 



when he talks on the relative merits of 
the different types of trucks used by 
the local warehpuses. 

In the opinion of Mr Morris, there 
is no truck which can compare with 
the electric for service. Its points of 
superiority are its cleanliness, its ease 
of operation, its lack of vibration and 
its safety. An added advantage is the 
fact that it can be garaged in the ware- 
house without increasing insurance 
premiums. 

Mr Morris's opinion of electrics is 
based not merely on his observation as 
president of the local and national or- 
ganizations, but also on his own expe- 
rience with the six electrics operated 
by the Metropolitan Storage Ware- 
house Company of which he is presi- 
dent. 

**After experience with the two 
types of trucks for city work, I for one, 
do not believe that the gasoline truck 
belongs in our municipal business," 
said Mr Morris at a recent meeting 
of transportation engineers in New 
York. 

The tremendous strides now being 
made toward national electrification 
are indicated in an announcement of 
the Geological Survey which shows 
that for June of this year the daily 
consumption of electricity throughout 
the country was 127,700,000 kilowatt 
hours, while the total for the month 
was 3,831,508,000 kilowatt hours. 
Comparison with the daily output for 
December, 1919 — 124,200,000 kilo- 
watt hours — gives a slight indication 
of the increasing use of current for all 
purposes. The figures, impressive in 
themselves, are doubly interesting in 
this anniversary year. 



163 



Forty Years of Edison Service 



FORTY years ago this month — 
specifically at 3 o'clock in ihe 
afternoon of the fourth day, cur- 
rent was turned on at the first central 
station in New York City. In the 




,^.144 lights were in use. The city 
about this lime began to awaken to 
the fact that the long hours of patient 
experiment which Edison had given to 
the subject of light had clearly estab- 
lished its worth, Doubt gave way. 
_ Every newly 

installed light 
became a bea- 
con of prog- 
ress. In a 
:. h o r t ten 



c a r s - 



■ 1 n 



has found lJ^ 
fruition in a ^KSJT^ 
measure of "^^^^ 



performance on<:orih<:35,0D0Kiu.w-ttG™ 
as amazing as 

it is true. On this anniversary occa- 
sion it may be well to tell of the part 
which the Central Station has been 
able to take in community service and 
the importance of electrical service to 
the city's well being. 

Going back to the autumn of 1882, 
the record shows that a total of only 
fifty-nine customers were on the books 
of the company. Electricity had been 
officially tried and accepted as a new 
illuminating agent but doubt and 
misgivings, operated to make people 
hesitate to give it a trial. They were 
content to wait until they could hear 
from the pioneers as to whether the 
incandescent bulb in service was good , 
bad, or indifferent. 

Results always count. A year 
thereafter, the number of customers 
had increased almost fourfold, and 



f>c)3 to be 



nips w 



'i|)eration , 

,.A ., ,„ ,v„ ,„,. i_,,.„ ,.,„„ serving the 

■tonat ihc Wfltenidc statian needsof4,344 

customers. 
From that time on the figures form 
themselves into amazing totals. In 
December, 1901 , a million lights gave 
evidence of the now generally ac- 
cepted superiority of the incandescent 
lamp in office and store, in factory, 
workshop and the home. The totals 
as of June 30 of this year round out 
this phase of the record. On that date 
there were 9,337,144 incandescent 
lamps in use, an average of about 
three to everj' man, woman and child 
in the population of Manhattan and 
the Bronx. The total connected load. 
including all appliances, equals more 
than twen ty-one million fifty -watt 
lamps. 

Quite early in its history, the Edi- 
son Company realized that to keep 
pace with the call for service would 
require theestablishment of plants and 



Tlie EJison Montfcly 



slaiions in many parts of Manhattan 
and beyond the Harlem. Before the 
original station at 255-257 Pearl 
Street, had reached its peak load, an 
annex was opened at 60 Liberty 
Street. In 1888 the lighting require- 
ments of the mid-city made stations 
necessary on 26th Street, and West 
39th Street. Thereafter, with a 



served from the original Pearl Street 
stations. Comparing il with the 
power of the present day stations 
would be quite as one-sided as a com- 
parison between a mountain and a 
mole hill. 

The colossal Waterside Stations of 
the company now have a rated capac- 
ity of 349.500 kilowatts, which is 




frequency which kept pace with the equal to more than half a million horse- 
calendar, other stations and sub-sta- power. The current generated at these 
tions were established covering the stations is transmitted over high ten- 



territory of the two boroughs, fn 
Bowling Green at the lower end of 
Manhattan to Inwood Avenue and 
Hunt's Point, in the distant reaches 
of the Bronx. 

Six Jumbos, as the early form of bi- 
polar generators were called, were 
sufficient to provide the current re- 
quired, in the circumscribed zone 



sion lines to the sub-stalions, through- 
out the territory served, where it is 
reduced to the voltage used in hotels, 
institutions, apartment houses, and 
private dwellings, and in industrial 
and commercial establishments. 

The range of employment of elec- 
trical power is so wide as to include all 
forms of industrial, commercial and 



Tke Edison Montkly 



domestic use. New York is a manu- 
facturing city of the first importance, 
besides being the commercial metrop- 
olis. No fewer than 32,626 establish- 
ments of diversified character with an 
output of products valued at $2,500,- 
000,000 are dependent on power. Yet 
through the fast growing use of elec- 
tricity,, the belching smoke stack has 
been almost entirely eliminated and 
the city presents none of the evidences 
of factory town soot and grime. In- 
deed, even along showy Fifth Avenue, 
there are many manufacturing places, 
called not improperly, marble front 
factories. With respect to industry 
there is no city in the country cleaner 
than New York. The motor is not a 
dirt maker. 

Perhaps in no other element of the 
city is the motor more important than 
in the great office buildings. It is 
there put to every variety of service. 
Elevators for passengers and freight 
are quite generally motor operated. 
The motor is also the power behind 
the cleaning systems, and the pump- 
ing equipment, and it operates the 
ventilation plants. In hotels and 
restaurants it functions in no less than 
a dozen different ways, and in every 
one with a saving. In the physical 
development of the city — the erection 
of new buildings, the construction of 
subways, the building of the aque- 
duct, the boring of tunnels and the 
fabrication of bridges — the electric 
motor is an essential element in the 
engineers' plans. 

The high pressure system of the fire 
department, perhaps the most vital 
emergency agent of the municipality, 
is made instantly available for duty 
through its connection with the Edi- 
son service. A call for high pressure 



to drench a threatening, stubborn fire 
is received, a switch is thrown and the 
great motors give their energy to the 
pumps within the limitation of a 
second. 

To the housewife the Edison 
Service has come as a boon. It has 
taken much of the drudgery out of the 
work o( laundry and kitchen. The 
electric washer and ironer, the electric 
cooker and toaster, the electric carpet- 
sweeper — these are only a few of the 
labor saving devices which are avail- 
able for use. 

The storage battery is used in many 
ways. It provides a reserve supply 
of electricity in the generating sta- 
tions, it is used for emergency light- 
ing in the subway, and it finds a 
great field of usefulitfess in automobile 
service. 

So, with the completion of two score 
years of Edison Service, this is the 
record briefly set forth. At the begin- 
ning, only 78 employees were needed, 
and their earnings for the year were 
$71,000. Now there are 8,427 names 
on the payroll which calls for $13,- 
299,319.28. 

Because of Edison, New York is 
now the foremost electrical city in the 
world. 

Appropriate here is this extract 
from W. J. Lamp ton's poem, ''Elec- 
tricity," written more than ten years 
ago: 

''Ho, Light and Power, 

The guide and force 

Which measures and controls the 

course 
Of all activities, you stand 
Twin Souls of progress in a land 
Which leads 
In meeting man's material needs." 



168 



Tke Edison Montkly 




The New York Cotton Exchange 



NEW YORK'S latest addition to 
its skyscraper family will be the 
home of the New York Cotton 
Exchange now under construction. 
The new twenty-five story building 
will occupy the site of the famous old 
Cotton Exchange, and during the pres- 
ent building operation the business of 
the exchange is being carried on at 
90 Wall Street. 

A radical departure is the fact that 
the exchange will be located on the 
nineteenth floor and will run through 
three stories to the roof. Uninter- 
rupted elevator service will have to 
be maintained because of thenecessity 
of the members having prompt access 
to the trading floor at all times during 
the hours of transacting business. 
Outside of the space occupied by the 
owners the building will be rented, 
most of the tenants being members of 
the exchange. 

The building was designed by Donn 
Barber of loi Park Avenue and the 
construction is being taken care of by 
the George A Fuller Company, gen- 
eral contractors of 949 Broadway; 
Pattison Brothers of 304 Madison 
Avenue, are the consulting engineers 
and the electrical contractor is the 
Lord Electric Company. 

Old Quarters Outgrown 

The Cotton Exchange building, 
which will be a lasting monument to 
the genius of its architects, engineers 
and builders, will be thelatestexchange 
to feel the onward rush of the times. 
Outgrowing its old quarters because 
of increased membership and busi- 
ness, it was necessary to increase 



facilities and the only way to over- 
come all obstacles was to erect a 
building that would take care of any 
increase for many years to come. 

The exterior of the building will 
have Deer's Island granite base, dark 
blue limestone up to the second story 
line, Indiana buff limestone up to and 
including the penthouse, a hard lead 
roof and flagpole base. The electrical 
equipment will be most modern and 
complete in every respect, there being 
eleven electric elevators, overhead 
traction being furnished by the 
Otis Elevator Company, one elec- 
trically driven low rise pump, one 
electric spare house pump, one electric 
high rise house pump, two electric 
sump pumps, two electric vacuum 
pumps, eleven fans, one ice water 
pump, one ice compressor and two air 
compressors. 

The lighting facilities have been 
laid out on an elaborate scale, the 
equivalent of nine thousand 50-watt 
lamps being installed. Motors aggre- 
gating seven hundred and sixty-five 
horse-power will be required for the 
above mentioned equipment. The 
current will be supplied by The New 
York Edison Company because of the 
dependability of the Central Station 
Service. 

The New York Cotton Exchange 
was organized on July 20th, 1870, and 
on September 19th of the same year 
was officially opened for trading. Four 
times since organization, the exchange 
has sought larger quarters. It is ex- 
pected that the building now being 
erected will take care of any increase 
for the next fifty years. 



171 



Book Binding 



AN establishment which in regular 
/\ everyday operation can show 
* ^ a record of power and me- 
chanical efficiency approaching the 
always sought for but generally elu- 
sive lOO per cent is indeed a rarity, but 
now and then one hears of such a 
place. The extensive plant of the 
American Bookbinding Company at 
No 406 West Thirty-first Street, may 
well be counted in that distinctly su- 
perior class. Directed by executives 
who are not content with anything 
which falls short of the highest stand- 
ard, and served by department heads 
and craftsmen who take pride in top- 
notch delivery this 
progressive organi- 
zation occupies a 
proud place in the 
industry. 
It is of 



automatically controlled and operated, i 

All told the plant has 143 motors, 
running in size from ^6 horse-power to 1 
7 horse-power, each motor being se- 
lected to perform its specific task. 

Mr Hugh O'Hara is the electrical 1 
superintendent in charge. He di-J 
rected the installation of the power j 
plant, drawing from his twenty years' 
experience in the arrangement and I 
setting of motors to make the job a | 
good one. On his authority, the plant j 
performance is as near perfect as it is ] 
possible for one to be. He modestly 
accepts for himself only a small share 
of credit, passing the bulk along to the 



terest here that in 
this plant every 
element of itslight- 
ing, heating and 
power — all the in- 
dustrial essentials 
— is electrical. 
Thus, the results 
which come from 
physical agencies 
in no small measure 
may be traced to 
electrical origin. 
Every machine in 
the place, whatever 
its size and kind, is 
individually driv- 
en, and all but two 
per cent . of the 
power equipment is 




Tte Edison Montkly 




unseen power which energizes the 
motors. 

"Electricity is in every way a su- 
perior power in this plant," he said. 
"It hay been put to the severest prac- 
tical te.it, covering every shop condi- 
tion and extending over a long period 
and it has proved its thorough relia- 
bility all the way. 
We swear by it for 
it is 100 per cent on 
the job . 

"Now as tocosi 
In work perfornuil 
month by month ii 
shows a real econ- 
omy. The troubles 
of other times are 
not with us now. 
We do not know 
what waits and 
stoppages are these 
days. Every motor 
in the plant has its 
own work to do and 
it is suited to 'm^ 
job. A man-size 



! motor isn't put on 
a boy-size job. 
When the work of a 
liarticular machine 
is done the motor 
~ flops instantly. 

There is not a sec- 
ond's waste of pow- 
er. That is real 
-.■conomy, just as it 
is economy to be 
,ible to begin or re- 
sume operations by 
the same instanta- 
neous touch of a 
button." 
:«dyfo.s,i.chi»« The various 

processes by which 
printed pages, fresh from the press, 
are transformed into volumes ready 
for the bookstore counters or library 
shelves, call for a variety of mechan- 
ical devices. Some are no larger than 
a home sewing machine, others are 
long rambling affairs and still others 
mammoths requiring much power for 




i 



Tke Edison Montkly 



their operation. Klectric heal as well 
as power is used in many, thus calling 
on electricity for double service. Eki - 
tricity serves the glue cookers, warm- 
ers and embossers, the stitchers, fold- 
ers, gatherers, smashers and casemak- 
ers — all familiar names in the trade, 
and at the same time it is the power 
agent in the repair shop. 

Glue is a primary essential in book- 
binding. Six ten-gallon electrically 
heated cookers are used for mixing 
and preparing it for the thirty four- 
quart glue pots used throughout the 
plant. Nine machines which fit ihe 
covers on books have glue receptacles 
set in electrically heated water jack- 
ets. These glue pots were made by 
the International Electric Heater 
Company. The electrically heated 
dies and special apparatus are from 
the Cutler Hammer Co. 

The gathering machines are oper- 





ated by seven and five horse-p 
motors. These machines gathq 
groups of pages, moving them aloi 
and adding others in their prop) 
places until all the signatures of a 
are in proper position. Three slashinj 
machines operated by five-horse-pow 
motors compress the pages of a bo< 
to the required size for binding. 

Folding machines occupy the entird 
length of the building on one sidfij 
There are twenty of these each witfd 
its own motor of from two to ihn 
horse-power and all provided with aifi 
lomatic controlling devices and piD 
buttons. 

The embossing machines stain 
the designs on the covers with elet 
trically heated dies. They 
equipped with water cooling devia 
which enable the operator to changi 
without loss of lime, from a stampinj 
job to one requiring ink. Six heafl 



Tke Edison Montlily 



ing elemenls ser\'e these machines, that hi 
Three-heat switch controls are con- 
nected with each two heaters. This 
makes it possible to vary the heat 



-efur 



1 it whenever occa- 



Perhaps in no department of the es- 
tablishment is the value of the motor 
more clearly demonstrated than in the 
stitching room. Practically noiseless 
in their operation, each little motor 




has only one machine to serve. The 
girls employed in this room take a 
lively interest in their individual ma- 
chines. Neatness is a feature. 

In the repair shop there is about 
every device necessary for the speedy 
restoration of a faulty part on any of 
the plant's equipment. The mechan- 
ics know the machines and a record is 
kept showing when and how repairs 
are made. With respect lo the power 
plant, MrO'Hara has all the essential 
data of upkeep and performance to 



ston requires. 

"One thing more," said Mr O'Hara 
as the door was about to close follow- 
ing an inspection of the plant. "Notice 
the lighting units, On a dark day we 
can provide a very satisfactory sub- 
stitute for sunlight — a light which is 
uniform on every floor and in every 
part of every floor. Yes, we use elec- 
tricity here three ways^for heal. 
light and power and we get results, 
and ihey are what count." 

The Firefly 

Firefly flitting through the dark, 
Where, oh, where'd you get your 

spark? 
You have lightning, but I wonder, 
How you flash without the thunder. 

Do >'ou ever have a short 

In your circuit? No retort. 

Do you run on a dry cell? 

If you do, you do it well. 

Are your batteries ever weak? 
Answerme. Why, can't you speak? 
Can you tell your candle-power? 
Know how much you burn per hour? 

That's your lail-lighl, so it's said. 
Don't you know it should be red? 
Do you ever use a dimmer? 
Can't you stop that awful giiin 

Does your light come through a meter? 
If it did, would life be sweeter? 
They would charge you day by day. 
Save you trouble in that way. 




Warehouse Trucking 



IT is a peculiar Ihing that the same 
I business executive who uses gaso- 
* line trucks for short haul city 
work, very often has his furniture 
moved by electric trucks when he 
changes his city residence or leaves for 
the country in the summer, for practi- 
cally every large warehouse in the city 
uses storage battery vehicles for its 
furniture hauling. 

The Metropolitan Storage Ware- 
house Company, whose big ware- 
houses are on West 66th Street near 
Columbus Avenue, was among the first 
to use electric trucks in New York. 
This concern placed its first electric 
truck in service in 1914. It took the 
place of two horse vans and the saving 
it showed resulted in the purchase of 
more electrics, until now there are six 
in operation. Two of these are of 
three-ton capacity and the rest are of 
two-ton capacity. All are equipped 
with Kdison alkaline batteries and 




have enclosed van bodies speciallj 
designed with inside guard rails for 
protection of polished surfaces 
fragile furniture. 

The furniture and warehouse busi- 
ness is of necessity seasonal since the 
majority of people store their furniture 
in the summer and take it out agaii 
upon their return to the city, usual] 
just after Labor Day. This meai 
that to qualify for warehouse service' 
a truck must have low maintenance 
costs and must give the minimum 
amount of trouble when being returned 
to duty after its between -season la; 
od. In both these particulars the stori 
age battery vehicle excels 

The Metropolitan Company, and ii 
fact practically every warehouse coi 
pany, provides garage facilities for 
electrics in its own building. The fai 
that the electric is free from fire 
that it is clean and gives off no odi 
that would cling to stored househcJt 
goods make thii 
poss^ible. Thecoi 
panyoccupiesth: 
buildings on W< 
66lh Street, thi 
basement of Numi 
ber 32 being 
forthegarage. Th) 
trucks are run 
every night and 
means of a CutleT'i 
Hammer charging 
equipment th 
batteries are 
charged for thenext 
day's work. Thus 
th 



i 



e company 1 
spared the expense 



TKe Edison MontKly 



of maintaining a 
special garage for 
its cars and is able 
to do it without in- 
creasing the insur- 
ance on its ware- 
house, for the 
insurance com- 
panies recognize 
the fact that there 
is no fire hazard in 
the electric. Inci- 
dentally it may \>c 
mentioned thai I" 
cause of this il( 
ment of safety clui 
tries are permitted 

. , ■ , LoBdina One of tht Ts 

on piers from which which the Bntin Bod 
gasoline trucks are 
often barred . 

The Metropolitan Warehouse has 
found that the average cost of etec 
tricity for operating its vans each 
month is only $30.00 for each truck. 
The depreciation is charged off at 15%. 
although the usual electric truck prac- 
tise is to charge off only 10%. Despite 
this increase in the usual depreciation 
charge, the electric trucks are proving 
vastly more economical than gasoline 
cars for the work. 

The company 




1 of Greater 



trucks and depending upon their 
smoothness of operation and certainty 
of control, undertakes the moving of 
all kinds of household goods. The 
most delicate china, bric-a-brac, cut- 
glass ware and oil paintings are trans- 
ported in the electric trucks without 
damage of any kind, while the factor 
of protection is still further assured by 
elaborate and specialized methods of 
packing. 



la Equipped Con B 



Van Owners' Aspociatioi 
New York, Besides this, he is presi- 
dent of the National Furniture Ware- 
house Men's Association. He has just 
completed a country-wide survey of 
conditions in his industry, during 
which he paid special attention to 
the transportation methods in use 
in the warehouse business in the vari- 
ous large cities. Speaking at a recent 
gathering of transportation engineers 
using its electric and electric truck owners and manu- 



facturers he stated that "Other types 
of trucks injure furniture by constant 
vibration and racking, but with the 
electric this is not 50 because the elec- 
tric truck has smooth motion and is 
easily controlled." He also said that 
"the cleanliness of the electric pre- 
vents unpleasant odors from clinging to 
household goods in transit." Headded: 
"After experience with the two types 
of trucks for city work, I for one, do 



Mr Charles Morns, president of not believe that the gasoline truck 
the company, is also president of the belongs in our municipal business." 



Ironing Days 



FOLLOWING the article "Blue 
Monday Indeed!'* which appeared 
in last month's EdisonMonthly 
comes , logically the story of ironing , an- 
cient and modern. It is interesting to 
consider the customs of our prede- 
cessors in this field not only from an 
historical point of view but also be- 
cause of the light shed on our 
own methods in comparison . 

There are in existence curi- 
ous assortments of imple- 



and not because it has already been 
rubbed energetically, as was the case 
of the black glass device. 
- Even more primitive than the Vik- 
ing smoother are the stones and 
pebbles that were used in the 
smoothing and glossing of linen, 
leather and other materials. A cat- 
alogue of the Edinburgh mu- 
seum shows that "an oval 
shaped water worn pebble of 
granite, 5^" x 2}4'\ was used 
ments used by ancient house- AGiawLinenSmoother within the last ten years in 
keepers in widely separated '^^ loxhc^^^ "* Orkney for smoothing and 




corners of the earth in the 
laundering of their garments. These 
may be found in use in some countries 
even today, crude as the implements 
and the method by which they are em- 
ployed may be , others are to be found 
only in museums. A linen smoother, 
for instance, has been discovered that 
was a part of the tenth century house- 
hold in Scotland. This is the earliest 
kind known in the British Isles. Evi- 
dently it was taken there by the 
Vikings, which is indicated by the 
fact that similar implements have 
been found in Viking graves in Scot- 
land. In Norway where Viking an- 
cestors lived this same smoother was 
used until recent times. It is of black 
glass, resembling in shape an enor- 
mous inverted mushroom 5>^" in 
diameter, and possessing a stem yyi" 
long. It is a rather curious article, a 
type of implement far removed from 
present day devices. Our electric iron 
has a surface that is perfectly smooth, 
but it is smooth so 
that it may give 
excellent service 



ironing clothes." 

The Greeks followed the Ro- 
man method of cleaning their gar- 
ments. From the Egyptians they bor- 
rowed a gauffering iron with which to 
plait their linen robes. Paintings of 
these ancient peoples show them clad 
in flowing dresses bearing wavy lines. 
These lines were the result of the use 
of a wooden instrument whose upper 
surface was divided into segmen tal par- 
ti tions about an inch and a half broad . 
It was held in one hand while the linen 
was pressed upon it with the other. 

At the end of the eleventh century 
smoothing irons were a part of the 
French household equipment. Un- 
fortunately, owing to their relative 
lack of value there is none to be found 
in museums belonging to a period 
earlier than the fifteenth century. 
Irons of that time were furnished with 
a little interior open shelf on which a 
bar of red hot iron or some burning 
charcoal was placed. In the illustra- 
tion on page 180 is 
g shown a product of 

Axi Egyptian Gauffering Iran the sixteenth CCn- 




178 




i0on Montnly 



An Iron UKd by Itte Konuu for Scwni 
Wood Sticki Are Uicd tar Bcatina Ouin 
■ High Oloa mad PliibiUly 

tury, one that is considered a work of 
art. It is covered on the outside with 
embossed silver and possesses a wood- 
en handle. Inside there is a little iron 

tray which prevented the heating ele- This is done over a wooden roller until 
ments from touching the bottom of the the fibre of the materials takes on a re- 



sembling a soldering iron. With 
it are used the "pang-mang-i," 
hard wood sticks shaped like a base- 
ball bat though smaller in size. 
The method by which they are ap- 
plied is quite strenuous compared to 
our simple electrical system. Winter 
clothes are ripped apart for washing 
and are boiled in wood-ash lye. The 
garments are then beaten on stones in 
the streams, starched with rice starch, 
dried and piled in heaps ready for 
pounding with the "pang-mang-i." 



iron. It must have taken a long while 
to heat the iron bar or the charcoal 
that was placed in the French iron, 
and after all the time and energy was 
consumed in preparing the iron for use 
it could not have stayed hot for very 
many minutes. 

The old-fashioned flat iron that is hand mangle or smoother, illustrated 
still used today has to be heated for on this page, that was used in Nor- 
about eight minutes on a stove before way, north Germany, England, Scot- 
it is hot enough to apply, and then it land, Sweden and Russia. In many 
takes eighteen minutes to iron an cases it was elaborately carved for it 
ordinary sheet, changing the iron was given as a wedding present and 
every three or four minutes. On the was, therefore, highly prized by the 
other hand, the electric iron which is 
so popular in this country can be 
heated in two or three minutes, and 
without making 
any change at all a 
sheet can be ironed 
with it in ten min- 
utes. 

Again, in con- 
trast to our irons, 
there is a Korean 
seam ironor"into;" 
this is a bar of iron 
terminating in a 
head and set in a 

wooden handle, re- Mum Mmla U*m1 m Nonny. Emlmd. Scotlaad. 



markable gloss. The parts of the gar- 
ments are then sewed together and the 
seams are ironed down with the "in- 
to." This same iron is also used for 
creasing quilted work. 

A certain quaintness and a bit of 
surround the ancient wooden 



bride. If the bridegroom himself 
made one for his sweetheart it was all 
the more valuable to her. 

The wooden hand mangle consist- 
' ed of two parts, the main one being 




TKe Ectiflon Montkly 



a flat board about 2)4,' long, 6" wide, 
and }^" thick, and the other being a 
roller about l' 6" long and 2" in di- 
ameter. The under part of the board 
and the round part of the roller were 
. necessarily smooth but the upper part 
of the board and the ends of the roller 
were frequently ornamented. When 
they were used the dampened linen to 
be pressed was wrapped around the 
roller flat on a table and the roller was 
worked back and forth by means of 
the flat board, a downward pressure 
being exerted by the hand at the same 
time. 

In the same illustration two wooden 
hand mangles from Whitby, York- 
-shire, are shown. The lion on one is 
solid and is grooved at the sides like a 
clothesbrush tn order to give the hand 
a firmer hold upon it. The mangle 
with the lion at the back and the knob 
in the front is a Norwegian type. 

The ancient wooden hand mangle 
has been almost entirely superseded 
by more modern laundry appliances. 
What a waste of energy it would be to 
attempt the ironing of a large family 
laundry by such primitive devices! As 
soon as electrical appliances become 
univer^l in use, people will wonder 
how it Was they ever managed to ac- 
complish anything at all with their 
crude methods. Enormous gains 
have been made for the housekeeper 
with electricity as a heating agent for 
her iron . 



Interesting Displays at Electrical 
Show 

The important part that electricity 
plays in the industries of the country 
will be strikingly illustrated in this 
year's Electrical and Industrial Ex- 
position, to be held October 7 to 14 at 
the Grand Central Palace. The in- 
dustrial displays will range all the way 
from a toy railroad to devices for 
regulating trafhc and to machines for 
making candy. There will be auto- 
matic lifts such as are used in hand- 
ling materials in warehouses, wood 
working apparatus, soda bottling ma- 
chinery and water purifiers, soap 
manufacturing, a telephone switch- 
board, the manufacture of envelopes, 
a cigar factory, an automatic machine 
for the manufacture of screws, and an 
automatic device for the control of 
heat in radiators. The wireless de- 
partment will include working demon- 
strations that will appeal not only to 
the fan who wants to see the latest 
developments in apparatus but to the 
novice whose interest is still largely 
based on curiosity. 

In addition to the industrial and 
radio exhibits there will be electric 
trucks and passenger cars, displays 
showing the application of electricity 
toward lightening the burdens of 
housekeeping, electro-therapeutic ap- 
paratus, and an historical exhibit 
portraying forty years of progress in 
the central station industry. 




22 




a< 



183 
184 
185 
190 
191 
194 
19e 
197 



Tbe Edison Montbl- 



The Edison Monthly 

Published by 

The New York Edison Company 

Qeneral Offices 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

Neu; York City 



N F Brady. President 
Waltci Nbumullzi. Secretarr 
FiKDBiiCK Smith, Trenturer 



No finer tribute has ever been paid 
to men associated in the development 
of an idea than that paid by Thomas 
A Edison to the men who labored 
with him forty years ago in planning 
and building the first electrical central 
station in the world. Speaking 
through his son Charles at the anni- 
versary dinner given in his honor and 
in commemoration of forty years of 
Edison Service in New York the great 
inventor said, "If there has been 
some addition through my work to 
the resources of human welfare, that 
benefit has accrued largely through 
my good fortune in being favored with 
the devotion of associates willing to 
throw their all into the melting pot. 
I have never ceased being grateful to 
the Edison men whose friendship I 
have enjoyed ever since the morning 
fifty-three years ago when I landed 
here from the Boston boat." 

And there was a tender thought for 
those who can no longer be a part of 
these Edison reunions. Of those who 
have gone on Mr Edison said, "It is 
natural as I sit here tonight sur- 
rounded by so many of my old friends 
and fellow workers there should be 
mingled with my joy something of 
sadness as I think of the men whose 
companionship we can no longer 
share.** 



Mr Edison's message, which will 
be cherished by every one of his 
friends and associates is reproduced 
in full on the opposite page. 

Two models of Edison central 
stations claimed the attention of the 
guests as they passed through the 
lobby of the Commodore on their 
way to the Edison Anniversary din- 
ner. These models portrayed in im- 
pressive fashion the engineering de- 
velopment that has taken place since 
the first generating station began 
operation on that eventful afternoon 
forty years ago. 

One model showed Old Pearl Street; 
the other was an exact miniature of 
the country's newest power plant, the 
Hell Gate Station in the Bronx. The 
one showed a rebuilt brick warehouse 
with six clumsy looking bipolar gener- 
ators; the other showed a veritable 
palace of industry, immaculately clean 
and equipped with turbo generators 
of the very latest design. Another 
striking display was the first Edison 
lamp giving eight candlepower of light 
with a current consumption of 55 
watts as contrasted with a high 
powered incandescent lamp consum- 
ing 30,000 watts and giving 60,000 
candlepower. 

It is by such forward steps as those 
represented by power plant design 
and lamp manufacture that the elec- 
trical industry has been able to add so 
much to the purchasing power of a 
cent as applied to illumination. Forty 
years ago, one cent would buy eight 
candlepower for one hour — today 
one cent will buy one hundred and 
seventy candlepower for the same 
period. 



1S2 



Tke Edison Montkly 



Thomas A Edison's Tribute to the Men Who Were 
Associated With Him Forty Years Ago 

**Mr President Hulbert, I thank you sincerely for your courteous 
presentation of the freedom of the City and will you kindly convey 
to His Honor Mayor Hylan and to the Honorable Board of Alder- 
men of the City of New York my deep felt appreciation of the distin- 
guished honor conferred on me and of which I am very proud? 

"This commemorative celebration has a deep personal significance 
to me, for the Pearl Street Station was the greatest adventure of my 
life. It was akin to venturing on an uncharted sea. No precedents 
were available. I felt the sense of a great responsibility, for unknown 
things might happen on turning a mighty power loose under the 
streets and in the buildings of lower New York. However, I kept my 
own counsel. Thanks to the faithful co-operation of my unfailing 
companions, the Pearl Street Station was carried promptly to the 
point of successful operation. The later development of the industry 
is a matter of history. 

'*As I look around this assemblage, my thoughts run backward to 
those days. Although Father Time has laid his silvery fingers upon 
us, the memory of our early struggles at Pearl Street affords a pleas- 
ant retrospect. It is natural as I sit tonight surrounded by so many 
of my old friends and fellow workers, there should be mingled with 
my joy something of sadness as I think of the men whose companion- 
ship we can no longer share. If there be some addition through my 
work to the resources of human welfare, that benefit has accrued 
largely through my good fortune in being favored with the devotion 
of my associates willing to throw their all into my melting pot. I 
have never ceased being grateful to the Edison men whose friendship 
I have enjoyed ever since the morning fifty-three years ago when I 
landed here from the Boston boat. 

"To the wider circle of friends, I must express the fullest apprecia- 
tion of the encouragement that has enabled me to perfect various 
inventions, and is notably embodied in the splendid public utilities 
bearing my name, of which The New York Edison Company is typi- 
cal. I would think more highly, perhaps, of the little I have done if I 
did not feel it to be only a promise of what lies before. There is still 
much tobedonein the promotion of human happiness and comfort." 



183 



The Exiison Anniversary Dinner 



SURROUNDED by his associates 
of forty years ago, by the men 
who today are carrying on the 
work he inaugurated, and by the 
leaders of many other industries, 
Thomas A Edison was the guest 
of honor at the anniversary din- 
ner commemorating forty years of 
Edison Service in New York. Nearly 
seven hundred distinguished guests as- 
sembled in the grand ball room of the 
Commodore on the evening of Septem- 
ber eleventh to do honor to the man 
whose genius conceived and executed 
the plans for the first central station 
and thus gave to the world the great 
comforts and blessings of electrical 
service. 

Able speakers, in glowing terms 
pointed out the world's debt to Edi- 
son. The City of New York, the scene 
of his triumph in establishing the cen- 
tral station system, recognized its obli- 
gation and through its Acting Mayor, 
the Honorable Murray Hulbert, pre- 
sented to Mr Edison a great bronze 
key symbolical of the freecjom, pf the 
city. Mr Edison's reply acknowledfe- 



followed the success of the application 
of electricity to lighting and power. 
Mr John W Lieb who was the electri- 
cian of the first central is now vice- 
president of The New York Edison 
Company, told something of the tech- 
nical problems that had to be solved 
and then in statistical terms described 
the growth of the company during the 
forty-year period. The toastmaster of 
the evening was Mr Nicholas F Brady, 
president of The New Ydrk Edison 
Company. ' : 

The setting of the dinner* was in 
keeping with soauspicious an occasion. 
Batteries of incandescent lamps con- 
cealed in giant- floral urtis cast their 
changing colors upon the ceiling; other 
lamps were installed beHind the cor* 
nices and still others were suspended 
between the arches of the balconies. 
Controlled by a set of dimmers similar 
to those used in prcxlucing theatrical 
effects, these lights illuminated the 
room with an ever changing intensity. 
Their installation and operation repre- 
sented the skill of the illutriinating en- 
gineer at its highest deglree. But not 



ing the gift, and exf>ressing his obliga-^: ^ of the light was of this modern type. 



tion to his old associates and his grati- 
fication at finding so many of them 
present, was read by his son Charles. 
Mr Samuel InsuU, secretary to Mr 
Edison forty years ago and now presi- 
dent of the Commonwealth Edison 
Company of Chicago related many of 
the early difficulties in establishing the 
new method of lighting and told of the 
final culminating success. Mr Freder- 
ick P Fish of Boston, counsel of the 
General Electric Company, referred to 
the great industrial development which 



%is was fitting at such a gathering, the 
inventor and his friends were several 
times carried back to the simpler 
methods of an earlier day. 

Some Contrasts in Lighting 

Just after Mr Edisdn had acknowl- 
edged the presentation of the freedom 
of the city, Mr Brady, the toast- 
master, announced that the room 
would be darkened. Gradually the 
changing colors faded, the lights 
around the balcony and those high 



iss 



Tke Edison Montlily 



against the ceiling dimmed and were 
extinguished. Then against the dark- 
ness shone the Hght from two homely 
little fixtures mounted above ihe 
speaker's table with one at each side of 
the distinguished guest. These fix- 
tures, simple affairs of bent pipe, cum- 
bersome sockets and queer shaped 
lamps had hardly been noticed until 
the toastmaster pointed them out and 
explained that they were the handi- 
work of Mr Edison himself, that he 
made them more than forty years ago 
for use in the laboratory at Menio 
Park and that they were probably the 
first electric fixtures ever made in this 
country. 

Later in the evening the lights were 
again turned out. Then in one corner 
of the room there glowed a single in- 
candescent. This,it was explained, was 
another of the original Edison lamps. 
Its eight candlepower of illumina- 
tion required fifty-five watts of cur- 
rent. This lamp was lighted merely 
to point a contrast, for as soon as it 
was turned out ,_ 
the current was 
switched to another 
lamp, a lamp which 
represents the high- 
est development in 
incandescent lamp 
manufacture. 
Where the firsi 
lamp dispelled a 
little darkness in 
its own corner the 
second filled the 
great room with a i 
noonday brilliance. X 
I ts blinding rays f 
were rated at 60,- 
000 candlepower K"''"r'"tw 
and it hadacurrenl 



consumption of 30.000 watts. The! 
old lamp required 6.8 watts for each ] 
candlepower; the new lamp ga' 
candlepower for each watt. 

After painting a direful picture of a 
New Yorkwithout electric lighls,with-"B 
out electricity for trolley cars or sub-^ 
way trains, and without electric mo- | 
tors for elevators in tall buildings. Mr I 
Hulbert, in presenting the freedom of 1 
the city to Mr Edison said, "We have I 
all grown so used to what we have that 
it takes an occasion such as this to make I 
us understand our great good fortune ] 
over that of our fathers. . . . 

' 'So the people of New York both i 
their hours of work and in their hours \ 
of play realize that Mr Edison has 
very truth made easier and moreagree- 1 
able their path of life. And therefore as | 
Acting Mayor of this municipality I I 
know that in extending congratula- 1 
tions to Mr Edison I am giving voice . 
to the sentiments of our six millions of 
people: and their feelings of apprecia- 
tion and gratitude for his great work I 




Tke Edison Montkly 



for the humanity of which they are a 
part, take the material form of this 
key which carries with it the Freedom 
of the Greatest City on Earth.** 

To this greeting and tribute, Mr 
Edison through his son Charles re- 
plied : 

"Mr President Hulbert, I thank you 
sincerely for your courteous presenta- 
tion of theFreedom of theCity and will 
you kindly convey to His Honor May- 
or Hylan and to the Honorable Board 
of Aldermen of the City of New York 
my deep felt appreciation of the distin- 
guished honor conferred on me and of 
which I am very proud. 

This commemorative celebration has 
a deep personal significance to me, for 
the Pearl Street Station was the great- 
est adventure of my life. It was akin 
to venturing on an uncharted sea. No 
precedents were available. I felt the 
sense of a great responsibility, for un- 
known things might happen on turning 
a mighty power loose under the streets 
and in the buildings of lower New York . 
However, I kept my own counsel. 
Thanks to the faithful co-operation of 
my unfailing companions, the Pearl 
Street Station was carried promptly to 
the point of successful pperation . The 
later development of the industry is a 
matter of history. 

Memories of Ear l}^ Struggles 

As I look around this assemblage, 
my thoughts run backward to those 
days. Although Father Time has laid 
his silvery fingers upon us, the mem- 
ory of our early struggles at Pearl 
Street affords a pleasant retrospect. It 
is natural as I sit tonight surrounded 
by so many of my old friends and fel- 
low workers, there should be mingled 
with my joy something of sadness as I 



think of the men whose companionship 
we can no longer share. If there be 
some addition through my work to the 
resources of human welfare, that bene- 
fit has accrued largely through my 
good fortune in being favored with the 
devotion of my associates willing to 
throw their all into my melting pot. I 
have never ceased being grateful to the 
Edison men whose friendship I have 
enjoyed ever since the morning fifty- 
three years ago when I landed here 
from the Boston boat. 

To the wider circle of friends, I must 
express the fullest appreciation of the 
encouragement that has enabled me to 
perfect various inventions, and is not- 
ably embodied in the splendid public 
utilities bearing my name, of which 
The New York Edison Company is 
typical. I would think more highly, 
perhaps, of the little I have done if I 
did not feel it to be only a promise of 
what lies before. There is still much 
to be done in the promotion of human 
happiness and comfort.** 

Mr Insull, after a very comprehen- 
sive review of conditions preceding the 
work at Pearl Street, and an interest- 
ing discussion of the technical prob- 
lems that had to be solved , said: 

**As I have previously stated, I have 
no intention whatever of going into 
any extensive scientific or technical 
discussion of Mr Edison's accomplish- 
ments as an inventor in connection 
with the development of the electric 
light and power business. I would, 
however, be violating my personal 
feelings, and be neglectful of my duty 
if I did not say something of the influ- 
ence of this one man upon this great 
industry. Mr Edison's work on tele- 
graphic and telephonic apparatus and 
his discovery of the means of recording 



187 



The Edison Monthly 



and reproducing the human voice 
firmly established himasagreatinven- 
lor. He was by no means the first ex- 
perimenter or the first person to en- 
deavor to adapt electricity to the use 
of man as an illuminant or for power 
purposes. Whilst the palent office rec- 
ords of this and other countries bear 
tribute to his contribution to the de- 
velopment of the art, we have to go a 
little deeper to discover the paramount 
influence of his mind in connection 
with the development of this industry. 
If you will study the technical litera- 
ture of the period contemporaneous 
w'ilh his early electric light experiments, 
you will find how little the writers of 
that period understood the theory of 
the production and distribution of 
electric energy, not alone as the tech- 
nical man understands it, but as the 
ordinary layman, the man in the 
street understands it today. But few 
writers of the technical press of that 
time had any conception of what Mr 
Edison was trying to produce. 

"It was understood in the popular 
mind that he was endeavoring to sub- 
divide the electric current for ordinary 
everyday use, but the principles un- 
derlying this popular conception were 
little understood either by the tech- 
nician or the layman. It was Mr Edi- 
son's conception that what was needed 
was a translating device — that is, an 
electric lamp of high resistance taking 
a small quantity of current of rela- 
tively high pressure. 

"That was the first stepping stone to 
success. Vou can call this, if you like, 
discovery; you can call it the intuition 
of a natural mathematician; you can 
call it the establishment of an engi- 
neering principle, but the translating 
device, once settled on as the cardinal 



principle, the production of the deviol 
itself, the working out of the details of ■ 
the apparatus, the generation of thel 
energy, the conducting (or transmis-ll 
sion) of it, the measuring of it, and f 
the controlling of it, were all matters ^ 





^^^H - -^^^ H^l 





of invention or engineering detail. 
Each one was a step by itself, demand- 
ing foresight, vision, brilliant concept! 
tion of methods to be used , and indorr 
itable pluck and perseverance in work-l 
ing them out, but yet, as compare 
with the original conception, all wei 
matters of detail. 



Tke Edison MontkL 



''It took the transcendent genius of 
an Edison to discover that a high re- 
sistance translating device, or its 
equivalent, was the first essential to 
success, and that discovery was the 
primary step towards placing him on a 
level with the few whom the people of 
all time will put in the first rank of the 
world's inventors." 

After outlining the great industrial 
development which followed the intro- 
duction of the electric lamp, Mr Fish 
concluded an eloquent address with 
these words: 

Great Influence on Industrial Development 

**We cannot conceive what our situ- 
ation would be if the incandescent 
lamp had not been invented. I can see 
that, because of the invention of the 
incandescent lamp and its develop- 
ment, directly into extensive light and 
power systems, through Mr Edison 
largely, but at any rate he was at the 
foundation of it, led to the employ- 
ment of millions of people and to pro- 
duction and to comfort and happiness 
of the whole human race. I feel that 
there has never been anything more 
fruitful or productive, as Lincoln said, 
and out of which so much else has 
grown as that wonderful invention, 
made in the year 1879. Consequently 
as we have the eagle for the insignia of 
our country, England has the lion, I 
think myself there would not be any 
better insignia for industry as a whole 
than the incandescent lamp, which 
typifies one of the greatest things ever 
done for industry in and of itself by 
the greatest inventor that ever livedo 
and typifies the way in which indus- 
tries can be developed from a small 
foundation, if that small foundation is 
of an essential character, it can be of 



^ 



logical, tremendous and far-spread 
development in the interest of the 
human race." 

The closing address of the evening 
was given by one, who like Mr Insull, 
had been associated with Mr Edison 
in those epoch-making days of forty 
years ago. Mr J W Lieb, vice-presi- 
dent of The New York Edison Com- 
pany , was the first electrician when the 
Pearl Street Station went into service. 

*'Many of the old friends and early 
associates of Mr Edison," said MrLieb 
* 'who are honoring us with their pres- 
ence here this evening in celebration of 
this notable event and some of whom 
were on the spot forty years ago when 
ihelservice of the old Pearl Street Cen- 
tral '^Station was inaugurated, could 
not,'*m their wildest dreams, have 
imagined the epoch-making import- 
ance to the world of the great dem- 
onstration in which they were then 
taking part. 

''After years of patient, untiring, 
persistent effort, under the inspiration 
and direction of the great Master mind 
and sustained by his buoyant faith, 
the day had come when the supreme 
test was to be made of a stupendous 
idea, the working out in practice of a 
bold conception, the launching of a 
great new enterprise — the generation 
of electric current on a commercial 
scale in a central station, and its dis- 
tribution through an extensive system 
of underground conductors to furnish 
a house-to-house supply of light and 
power over a considerable area of a 
great city." 

Mr Lieb then told of some of the 
early problems of the pioneer com- 
pany, of the difficult engineering ques- 
tions that arose, of the progress of the 
work in building the Pearl Street Sta- 



l«9 



Tke Edison Montkly 



tion and the extension of the under- 
ground distribution system and of the 
momentous day when the current was 
at last turned on. He then toldof some 
of the other early central station com- 
panies both in America and abroad. 
Statistics showing the growth not only 
of the company but of the industry 
during the four decades that have 
passed, an outline of relationship ex- 
isting between public utility compa- 
nies and their customers and an inter- 
esting word picture of 
the company organi- 
zation and employee 
relations existing in 
New York added much 
to the value of Mr 
Lieb's address. 

•'We,The New York 
Edison Company/* 
said Mr Lieb in clos- 
ing , * * therefore rejoice , 
with due humility but 
with pardonable 
pride, that we have 
succeeded in these 
forty years of ''At 
Your Service,** in en- 
listing the good-will 
of our customers, in establishing and 
maintaining amicable relations with 
the public authorities as they came 
and went under different adminis- 
trations, and in meeting all the rap- 
idly expanding needs and requirements 
of this greatest American metropolis. 
But these successes of the past, due so 
largely to the helpful patronage and 
support of our customers, for which 
the Company is duly grateful, opens 
up a bright hope of future usefulness 
to the community, encouragesarededi- 
cation of our efforts to excel in its serv- 
ice, and invites a renewed devotion 



Challenging the Dark 



to its highest and best interests. We 
thus shall make this great city a pleas- 
anter place in which to live; we shall 
hope to bring to the homes of the 
humblest of its citizens the comforts 
and conveniences conceived by the 
world's greatest inventor, and in bring- 
ing to our community brighter and 
more cheerful homes, a more devoted 
feeling of citizenship, and a more pow- 
erful attachment to our city, we shall 
thus carry out to its fullest develop- 
ment the marvelous 
conception of the great 



Edipua, O Bdipus, 

The riddle of the Sphinx! 
Your inspiration guessed it 
Tho' bafflingly she dressed it. 
The shrewd Egsrptian minx. 

Prometheus, Prometheus* 

You brought from heaven the fire; 
You strove with faith undying 
To serve mankind, defsring 

The gods' avenging ire. 

Edison, O Edison, 

Your riddle was a spark; 
Your inspiration guessed it: 
Your tireless hand could wrest it — 

Light challenging the dark. 

Edison, O Edison, 

You dreamed of light to be; 
You, striving vision-haunted 
To serve mankind, undaunted, 

Made dream reality. 

— Charlotte W Thurston 



mastermind, the 
launching of whose 
great adventure forty 
years ago we have met 
here to celebrate. 

"We,TheNewYork 
Edison Company, are 
proud to bear his 
name and we appreci- 
ate the honor which 
his presence here this 
evening and that of his 
gracious and charm- 
ing wife, lend to this 
great occasion mark- 
ing another milestone 
in the progress of our beloved old 
New York. 

"As Mr Richard Rogers Bowker, a 
former distinguished vice-president of 
the company, has so beautifully ex- 
pressed it in his sonnet entitled 'Kama 
Eterna': 

'Blest is the man who for his country dies. 
Twice blessed he who lives to serve man- 
kind, 
Thrice blessed he who in life's little hour. 
Searching God's treasure-house with 

lucent eyes, 
A lamp for all men and all times may find. 
And thrill the world with light and heat 
and Power.' '* 



190 



Park Avenue Baptist Church 



THE beautiful new church at 
Park Avenue and 64th Street 
illustrates by its renamings 
the upward march of Manhattan dur- 
ing the past half century. What is 
now the Park Avenue Baptist Church 
has been known successively as the 
Stanton Street, the Norfolk Street 
and more recently the Fifth Avenue 
Baptist. 

The new building is church and 
church community house in one, with 
four large auditoriums and a number 
of offices and smaller rooms. The 
problem was to construct such a 
building on a lot extending only 80 
feet on Park Avenue and 100 feet on 
64th Street and preserve a churchly 
harmony of architecture. 

Through the skillful placing of win- 
dows, buttresses and tower, this de- 
sired unity of effect has been most 
successfully achieved by the archi- 
tects, Henry C Pel ton of New York 
and Allen and Collins of Boston. 

Gothic Architecture 

The best traditions of English and 
French Gothic church architecture 
have been followed and as one looks 
at the building from Park Avenue one 
must admire the balanced beauty of 
this modern edifice. The eye travels 
upward from the wide pointed arch of 
the west window divided by deep sec- 
ondary buttresses, past the beautiful 
stone tracery and mullions of the 
clearstory and gable windows to 
the pointed roof, higher still on 
the right to the carved octagonal 
tower like a high king's crown, 
then down again to the richly orna- 



mented arch of the double entrance 
doorway. 

The mterior is in three divisions 
with intermediate mezzanines between 
the main church and the upper floors 
for the church offices and minister's 
study, but one may actually count 
from seven to ten stories when base- 
ments and sub-basement are included. 

Immediately over the church proper 
in the clearstory is the women's audi- 
torium, over this the Sunday-school, 
while the men's auditorium where the 
famous Rockefeller Men's Bible class 
meets is in a high-ceilinged basement 
under the auditorium. 

Back of this basement auditorium 
is a well equipped kitchen with dumb- 
waiter service to the floors above. 
Here also is a machine for projecting 
motion pictures and there is another 
on the Sunday-school floor. On the 
women's floor are capacious store- 
rooms, a kitchen and serving room, 
and sewing rooms equipped with elec- 
tric sewing machines. 

The great entrance door to the right 
of. the facade opens on a vestibule 
leading on the left to the church and 
on the other side to the stair-ways 
and two elevators by which one as- 
cends to the offices and the upper 
auditoriums. 

These elevators are of very special 
construction to guard * against noise 
and were designed, as were the other 
electrical, heating and ventilating fea- 
tures of the building, by the consult- 
ing engineers, the H Marshall Hall 
Company. They are of electric trac- 
tion type and entirely noiseless as the 
elevator machinery is in special found- 



191 



Tke Edison Montkl 



ations remote from the steel work of 
the building. The electrical service 
for elevators and all other building 
equipment is supplied by The New 
York Edison Company. 

Entering the main church one notes 
the soft warm tone of the stone fin- 
ished walls, the line of stone col- 
umns that support the arch, and the 
stone vaulting that is so full of 

« 

delicate beauty. 

The magnificent organ, built by 
Hook and Hastings, has special fea- 
tures planned by Archie Gibson and 
Harold Vincent Milligan, organist of 
the church. It is operated by com- 
binations set by electric switches in 
the manual. The organ chamber is 
very deep extending from the choir 
room beneath the chancel to the full 
height of the church proper. For 
this reason there is sometimes a dif- 
ference in the temperature of the or- 
gan chamber and that of the rest of 
the church that would cause a discord 
in the musical tone; but electric heat- 
ers have been placed throughout the 
chamber and these are controlled at 
the discretion of the organist by re- 
mote control switches. There is an 
echo organ off the west gallery. 

The Lighting Fixtures 

The lighting fixtures, designed by 
the architects in collaboration with 
the Edward F Caldwell Company are 
of two ten-sided bands, of pierced 
wrought iron and of glass, which pre- 
vent the filaments of the lamps from 
showing and make for a soft diffused 
illumination. There are dimmers on 
the chancel and main lights and all 
of the lights are controlled separately. 

The west gallery has a very fine 
and richly colored memorial window. 



It is in perpendicular Gothic in six 
parts portraying six great figures in 
Baptist history, three Englishmen, 
John Milton, John Bunyan, and Wil- 
liam Carey, and three Americans, 
Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode 
Island, Adoniram Judson, the mis- 
sionary, and Francis Wayland of 
Brown University. 

Underneath the gallery fronts are 
heads of angels bearing shields of 
the apostles and there is much fine 
symbolic carving both inside and out- 
side of the church using floral and 
ecclesiastical symbols. 

The ventilation of the entire build- 
ing is thorough. Tempered fresh air 
introduced through air tunnels and 
ducts is forced through to the pews 
by fans; there are electric fans in the 
sub-basement for exhausting the air 
frpm the basement auditorium and 
fans in the roof for exhausting the air 
from the church, the kitchens dnd 
other rooms and auditoriums. 

An electric vacuum pump with a 
temperature regulating pump, elec- 
trically driven, controls the heating 
system; an electric house pump takes 
water to the tank in the tower for 
emergency fire and other uses. 

In the building of this church, so 
close was the co-operation between 
architects, builders (Marc Eidlitz and 
Son, Inc.) and building committee 
that a hundred thousand dollars was 
saved on the original-estimate of a 
million dollars. 

The final arrangement of the bap- 
tistery wall of the same carved wood 
as the reredos, and the installation of 
some very fine chimes in the octag- 
onal belfry will complete one of the 
most beautiful of New York's new 
church buildings. 



193 



Presses, Mangles, Ironing Machines 



AN ancestor of the modern elec- 
tric ironing machine may be 
^ found in the ancient Roman 
cochelia or i>re5s which was spoken 
of in the first story of this series. 
From that developed the calender or 
"mangle," as they were probably 
rightly called at that time. 

Before the appearance of the heat- 
ed calender there came the wooden 
press. A notice is 
recorded in an in- 
ventory made by 
William More, 
Esquire, on August 
20th, 1556, of a 
little press to press 
clothes. 

In the seven- 
teenth century in 
New Amsterdam 
the Dutch house- 
wives used wooden 
presses after their 
clothes had been 
washed and dried 
on the public 
bleaching grounds. 
This apparatus 
most likely was 
brought from Hol- 
land, where it had 
been in use for 
several centuries. 
At the same time 
it was to be found 
in northern France 
and England. 
Sometimes it was 
made quite plain 
and then again it 
was elaborately 




carved, very beautiful and decorative 
to look upon. The wooden press con- 
sisted of a wooden table containing 
drawers in which the pressed clothing 
was carefully and neatly put away. 
The whole thing was surmounted by 
a frame in which was placed a tray, 
moved by a vise, in which the press- 
ing was done. By the end of the 
eighteenth century cylinders had been 
substituted . 

The wooden 
press was used 
extensively in 
France. In a book 
of "Memoires" ref- 
erence is made to 
the Due de Choi- 
seul and to his 
Chateau de Chan- 
teloup (singing 
wolf) where he was 
exiled until after 
the death of Louis 
XV. We learn 
that"nevera table- 
cloth, a napkin, 
nor sheetswereused 
until they had been 
passed through the 
calender, and the 
place where this 
was done — and al- 
so the lingerie — 
were one of the 
great curiosities of 
that Chateau," 

Mention has 
l>een made of a car- 
penter who adver- 
tised, in the second 
half of the eight- 



Xiie Ediaon Montnly 



eenthcentury, his "improved" mangle. 
It seems as though similar appliances 
must have been in existence long 
before that time in Russia, Germany, 
and England. There are indications 
of their presence, at any rate. 

The calender had a box that was 
weighted with 
stones and moved 
upon rollers which 
ran upon a polished 
table. The 
clothes to be 
pressed were laid 
upon the table-top 
beneath the rollers. 
In its older form 
this device was a 
rectangular wood- 
en chest filled with 
stones. It was 
worked backwards 
and forwards by a 
rack and pinion ar- 
rangement for, 
earlier by straps 
wound around a 
roller that was 
worked by a han- 
dle) and rested 
with great pressure 
upon the cylinders beneath. 

The possession of a mangle today 
among the poorer English cottagers 
is a common source of income for it 
can be rented out for a small sum to 
someone who does not own such a 
piece of apparatus. Instead of a 
box of stones the modern calender of 
this old type consists of two or more 
cylinders working one upon the other. 

The early - English mangle was 
merely a strong level table with a 
substantial cover made of wellr sear 
soned wood. When it was in use the , 



cloth to be pressed was placed 
smoothly upon it. Then the cover 
supported by two smooth rollers of 
iron was made to move back and 
forth from one end of the table to the 
other, traveling, as it went, across the 
cloth being ironed. This was done 




Thia Maoclc of Lch 
Table Top. Redprocttini 
of Hiod-opcrated Ocunng 
Material Brini 



One Hundred Yean A|0 Conalued of a 
toUen, a Boa Weighted With Stooca. Br Heua 
the Rollen Were Worked Back and Forth Ova the 
ling Machiiiea of Thii Type Were Uaedin Eniland, 



until all the wrinkles were pressed 
away and the piece was left suffi- 
ciently smooth. 

When heat was required in the 
pressing it was applied by using hol- 
low cylinders for rollers and filling 
them with smaller iron cylinders that 
had been heated The use of heat, 
however, as an ironing agent was 
doubtless a later development. The 
machine was operated by means of 
belts, cords, or chains, which passed 
over' a pulley at, either end of the 
table and were wound around the 



Xke Edison Montkly 



cylinder or barrel 
below the table top. 
A handle , or winch , 
was attached to 
this and by turn- 
ing the handle the 
barrel was moved 
and the motion 
was communicated 
to the box in either 
direction. 

Electric ironing 
machines are, like 
all electrically driven and heated de- 
vices, very simple and easy to handle. 
Not only are they excellent ironers of 
flat pieces, but also of garments that 
are made to fit the body. The electric 
ironing machine has had improve- 
ments added so that ruffles may be 
ironed beautifully; cuffs and collars 
and sleeves can be made to look as 
though ironed by hand; and large 
linens come forth from the machine 
smooth and wrinkleless. 

There is no doubt that it is a time 
and labor saver. The ironing can 
be done while the operator sits on a 
stool in front of the device. The 
heating requires little time and when 
the cylinders are hot they remain so 
at an even temperature. 

Washing and ironing are only a 
part of the ^ many household tasks 
th^t have been simplified by electric- 
ity. But when we look into the 
work that women used to do and 
then look at the same tasks that are 







^ 



An Irocdng Machine Uaed In England Early in the 19th Century 



l§ 



accomplished today with scarcely any 
expenditure of energy and with every 
indication of efficiency we marvel 
that the members of the "weaker sex** 
ever managed to become as strong as 
they are. Fortunately these electric- 
al devices are making it possible for 
women to save some of their energies 
for physical relaxation and mental 
stimulation outside of the regular 
routine required by housework. 



Your Chance 

Would you like to make your fortune 

A cool million ** bucks*' or so? 
Then go to the flies that flicker 

Sparks of light *til meadows glow; — 
Wrest from one his time-old secret 

Just how light sans heat is made; — 
Surely for your pains in learning 

Men will see you are well paid. 

— A/ice Cro<weli Hoffman 



An I>avENTOEYE of all suchc Goods as I Will**. More, Esquicre, had 

the 20'" day of August, A* Dni 1556. 

^ In the chambre wherein I lye. 

Ifm a ly Ule pkie to ^le elothci • • liy d. 

An Item in the Inventory of William liore Dated 1556 Concerns Hit Clothes Press 

196 



The Fox Studio 



IN considering the various (actors 
that enter into the making of 
motion pictures, the average fan 
is inclined to regard the actor as the 
sine qua non of the films. High 
priced press agents in promoting the 
silent play have devoted their talents 
in behalf of the stars to the virtual 
exclusion of other equally important 
elements that are a part of the sum 
total of motion picture production. 

Take electricity, for example. Here 
is an element so important that were 
it to fail stars would quickly dim. 
Producers are unanimous in agreeing 
on its essentiality, one film magnate 
saying that he would rather have a 
star go back on him than have his 
electrical equipment fall short to the 
least degree. The electrical equip- 
ment of a motion picture studio repre- 
sents the last word in development^ — 



and a considerable part of the invest- 
ment. 

A lour of the motion picture studio 
of the Fox Film Corporation, a typi- 
cal user of Edison current, afforded 
an opportunity of observing the vari- 
ety of ways in which electricity serves 
as an adjunct to the fifth biggest in- 
dustry in the world, In this "film 
city," one of the largest in the world, 
occupying a solid block on Tenth 
Avenue at Fifty-fourth Street, with 
an annex building a few blocks away, 
William Fox, presiding genius of the 
organization, has invested more than 
a half million dollars in electrical 
equipment. "Whenever possible, do 
it by electricity" has been an idea 
which has been carried out in every 
department. 

It is no secret around the Fox Stu- 
dio that Mr J G Leo, Vice Presi- 




Tke Edison MontKly 



Oficins] Editan S 



dent, who is in charge of 
the plant activities, regards 
the electrical end as one of 
his paramount interests. 
As proof of his interest he 
permitted The Edison- 
Monthly to reproduce in 
this issue photographs of 
the electrical equipment 
which have never been out 
of his office. 

"The New York Edi* 
son Company has always w«.Mdu 
rendered satisfactory and 
efficient ser\-ice to us — the sort of 
service that precludes worry as to 
whether it will function at all times," 
Mr Leo said "1 believe we are the 
largest users of current among the 
motion picture studios. If necessary 

a current of 18.000 amperes can be senting an investment of six figurt 
supplied to the studio. arouses the admiration of the electri- 

"Electricily plays a vital part in cian and the layman. On the two I 
our business and is quite as essential stages seven directors can work with- I 
as the player. In designing the Fox out interfering with each other. Eight I 
Studios, we paid particular attention high intensity arcs with 800,000 c 

bined candle-power 



to the electrical features; there 
hardly a department where Edis 
current is not used in some important] 
way." 

The studio floor, with its forest ( 
lamps and lighting apparatus repre-l 




Tke Edison Montkly 




glare, if desired. The much vaunted 
California sunshine is as easy to simu- 
late in the Tenth Avenue building as 
a New England twilight. Little won- 
der it is then that the Fox Corpora- 
tion as a result of the electrical power 
at its command is able to produce the 
bulk of its films, requiring every kind 
of an indoor or outdoor setting, right 
here in New York. 

A system of remote control, a fea- 
ture of the studio, enables the director 

to proceed with his 

work without hav- 
ing to shout his or- 
ders to an elec- 
trician fifty or sixty 
feet away. Cables 
are run out from 
the main switch- 
board to the spot 
where the director 
is standing. The 
electrician then 
executes the orders 
on a small board 
equipped with push 
buttons. There are 

I nine switchboards 
in the studio con- 
taining more than 



two* tons of copper.- Ten- ■million 
reflected candle-power represents the 
total lighting capacity of the studios 
—sufficient to light a city ofjfthe 
size of Brussels, Belgium. The tubes 
from the mass of Cooper Hewitt 
lights would, if stretched from end to 
end, reach across the Brooklyn Bridge 
and half way back again. Over the 
floors are scattered fifty miles of heav- 
ily insulated electric light cables com- 
pleting what is said to be the greatest 
artificial light system in existence. 

Mention should be made of another 
innovation of the studio— a system of 
overhead trolleys whereby the lights 
may be swung to any part of the stu- 
dio desired — a great time and money 
saver. According to the Fox officials, 
their studio is the only one that pos- 
sesses this system. 

After a production has been filmed 
the next stage is making the negatives 
or prints. This is done in a ruby 
lighted room where scores of girls in 
semi-darkness toiling over electrically 




idy Foi tbt Projector 



J 



Tke EJison Montkly 



operated machines tediously make Before the film is ready to 1 
prints of each one of the pictures through the projection machine, it i 
necessary for a pohshing process 1 
be carried out. Much elbow grea: 
and hand labor are saved through th| 
use of small motors which whirl th* 
polishers over a reel as it is fed througU 
by an automatic device. Other ma^ 
chines cut the holes along the sides q 
the film in order that it may travi 
through the projection machine. 
The tour ends in a spacious n 
where dozens of miniature screens a 
alive with the unspoken drama. PusI 



I 



which when run through the projec- 
tion machine cause the characters to 
move about as in real life. Small 
3^ and 2 H- horse-power motors drive 
the negative making machines. 

The air in this and other rooms of 
the laboratory is "washed" and heated 
to certain temperatures. The air 
reconditioning and filtering plant con- 
tains more than a mile of ventilating 
ducts and ten tons of heating coils. 
An idea of the necessity of "washed" 
air may be gained 
from the fact that i 
a speck of dust 
passing in front of 
the camera is mag- 
nified to such a de- 
gree as to mar the i 
face of the actor or ) 
otherwise interfere | 
with the perfection 
of the photogra- 
phy. . 

In the drying j 
room, immense 
drums wound with 
miles of "thrillers" 
and love stories - ' 
slowly revolve re- tih 
minding one of the 

old stern wheelers that ply on the 
Mississippi. Streams of heated air, 
pumped from the reconditioning room , 
play over the wet film from above. In 
an adjoining room, the title depart- 
ment, the captions of the photoplay 
are filmed from printed placards by an 
electrically driven camera equipped 
with a timing device Co record accord- 
ing to the length of the reading. 

Edison 'cufrent is also a valuable 
djunct of the polishing department. 








buttons are constantly at work stop^l 
ping the electrically operated pro-l 
jection machines in order for thel 
watchers to note down the parts thatj 
have to be changed . 

It does not require an electricall 
engineer to discover the undisputed! 
part that electricity plays in the filnil 
industry. The facts speak for them-J 
selves. One wonders if the film indu! 
try would have mounted to fifth plat 
without electricity. 



p 



358S 



Nofvember 




1922 



VOLUME 14 CONTENTS number 11 

y^ ■*. ^^ 

The Edison Monthljf p„. 

The Edison Directory - • - Inside Front Cover 

Editorials .-..--. 202 

Edison at The Electrical and Industrial Exposition 

(Photographs) - . . , . 2Q4 

Fairyland ---.-.. 205 

Multiplied Hands (Verse) - - - - 208 

"Litlle Bits of Comfort" - ■ - - - 209 

In a New Role - - - - - - 212 

The Museum of Edisonia (Photographs) . • . 214 

The Electrical and Industrial Exposition of 1922 - 215 

n District Offices with Map • Inside Back Cover 

U 1923. 1* Th, Mw Y,fk EJim, Contww 




Tke Edison Montkl: 



The Edison Monthly 

Published by 

The New York Edison Company 

Qeneral Offices 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 
New York City 



N F Brady. President 
Waltbr Nbumullkr. Sccrettry 
Frederick Smith. Tremurer 



The Electrical and Industrial Expo- 
sition, held in October at the Grand 
Central Palace, will be remembered 
for a number of things. It formed 
a part of the events arranged in cele- 
bration of the beginning of Central 
Station Service in New York; and a 
large section of floor space was given 
over to the Museum of Edisonia with 
its collection of electrical antiques tell- 
ing of the eventful f)eriod between 
1875 ^rid 1885. Its many exhibits 
showed new uses of electricity in the 
home and proved a fruitful source of 
information for those confronted with 
problems of home management. A 
series of industrial exhibits showed not 
only the use of electric power in the fac- 
tory but gave an interesting insight in- 
to many products whose uses are more 
"familiar than are the methods by 
which they are made. Exhibits by 
electric lighting companies served to 
show the important part which the 
company plays in community devel- 
opment, and, by explaining company 
practices served to bring about a bet- 
ter understanding with the public. 
Electrical transportation formed an- 
other instructive display, and during 
the exposition New York saw its first 
modem electric taxicab. After a busy 
seven days, with an attendance that 
reached well over the hundred thou- 



sand mark the show closed on October 
14th with Thomas A Edison and the 
Edison Pioneersasdistinguished guests . 

The show served as a medium for 
spreading information regarding elec- 
tricity and its uses. It sowed the seed 
for much future business. At the same 
time orders for immediate delivery 
were also taken, many of the exhib- 
itors reporting the closing of contracts 
for both domestic and export business. 

Probably the most conspicuous of 
all the groups of visitors were the stu- 
dents from high schools and colleges. 
Coming in the afternoons with their 
text books under their arms they were 
not hard to recognize. Their ques- 
tions, at least those of the girls, 
seemed based on a deep-lying interest, 
and on a knowledge of the use of elec- 
trical appliances. A few years ago 
a vacuum cleaner, a washing machine, 
or a cooking appliance with its motor 
or heating element might have been 
an object of curiosity. Today this 
curiosity has given way to a desire to 
know more about the advantages of 
the different types of the same machine. 

On the other hand students from 
the technical schools found their inter- 
est held by the Museum of Edisonia. 
In the light of the knowledge which 
they are acquiring of modern dynamos 
and the science of electricity, the ap- 
paratus and equipment with which 
Edison established the modern central 
station and the system of incandescent 
lighting were more than mere curiosi- 
ties. These students could see in the 
primitive apparatus of forty years ago 
the same principles which they are 
studying now in their engineering 
classes and which are embodied in the 



202 



Tke Eciison Montkly 



modern central stations which now 
supply New York with electric light 
and power. 



It was fitting that the closing day 
of the show should be designated in 
honor of the Edison Pioneers and that 
the great Pioneer himself could be 
present. Not since 1916 has Mr 
Edison attended the Electrical Expo- 
sition. And as on that former occa- 
sion, his progress through the exhibits 
was an unbroken series of ovations 
from vast throngs of admirers. When 
the word went through the Palace, 
"Edison is here,** there was a rush to 
see him and from that time on his way 
had literally to be forced through 
crowded aisles. 

But itwasnot the Museum thatmon- 
opolized his attention. Apparently to 
Mr Edison the past is past and it is 
only the future with which he is con- 
cerned. This accounts for his intense 
interest in the industrial exhibits and 
his inquiries regarding the different 
manufacturing processes. Even in his 
amazement at the scope of electrical 
application in industry and in the 
home he never lost sight of its possi- 
bilities for future development. He 
expressed the hope that he could at- 
tend the Electrical Exposition of fif- 
teen or even ten years hence for he was 
confident that a tremendous develop- 
ment would be recorded in the exhibits. 



The electric industrial truck, by 
reason of its service at freight termi- 
nals, docks, railroad stations and in 
factories has become a familiar ele- 
ment in transportation. Its appear- 
ance on the streets as a delivery 



vehicle, picking its way through dense 
traffic, places it in another role and 
shows its versatility. 

As described elsewhere in this issue, 
the International Tailoring Company 
uses an electric industrial truck not 
only for gathering parcel post pack- 
ages within the factory but also for 
carrying the mail sacks to the post 
office a block away. In covering this 
distance the industrial truck must tra- 
verse one of the busiest traffic sections 
in the city — Fourth Avenue between 
Twelfth and Thirteenth Streets — and 
must travel a road far rougher than 
industrial trucks are usually designed 
for. It makes the trip several times a 
day and not only is standing up well 
under the hard usage, but according 
to its owners, it is bringing about 
decided economies in the mailing 
department. 

It taxes the imagination consider- 
ably to picture our ancestors getting 
any real comfort out of the primitive 
warming devices of a bygone day. 
Heated bricks, charcoal burners and 
portable stoves, all were called upon 
in the struggle for comfort. For tak- 
ing the chill from sheets, as related in 
the article **Little Bits of Comfort", 
they put a stove in the bed. Today 
the fresh air advocate sleeps with his 
windows wide open and secures real 
bodily comfort through the medium of 
the electric heating pad. He places it 
under the covers a few minutes before 
he retires and then keeps it at his feet 
or back all through the night. With 
a room full of biting cold air but with 
the sheets warm and cosy he can well 
afford to laugh at the so called "good 
old days". 



203 




TheModclofiheNcwH 
With Orr.I Inttrcjt by Mr Edi 
YEBnAgo. MrBdli 




of The United K 
in Murked Ceo cr ait 
npuniedoiiHiiTou 



Liiht and Power Company Which 
r the Model ol the Pearl Stmt Station oT Fottjr 
•r the Eimilion by Mr Anbiu WiUumu 




Fairyland 



A CHILDREN'S fairyland, a 
veritable Aladdin's palace, to 
which admission is granted not 
to the child of good fortune, but to 
the friendless or abused youngster, was 
opened during the last week in August 
on Fifth Avenue between 104th and 
105th Streets. The Heckscher Foun- 
dation for Children, as the world's 
biggest playground and home for min- 
ors is called, represents to the adult 
and juvenile mind the embodiment 
of the fairy paradises described in 
Grimm's or Anderson's fairy tales. 

The home, which cost more than 
$2,000,000, with additional outlays of 
$1 ,000,000 for the site and $1 ,250,000 
for running expenses, provides a head- 
quarters for the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children. Col 
Ernest K Coulter, general manager of 
the society and a director of the 
Heckscher Foundation, is in charge of 
the home and its activities. Seven 
stories in height and occupying the 
greater part of a city block, the build- 
ing, constructed of buflf brick, pre- 
sents an imposing appearance to the 
passerby. Special attention has been 
given to the design of the lighting and 
power equipment, which consist of 
seven thousand incandescent lamps 
and four hundred horse-power, for 
which current is furnished by the 
New York Edison Company. 

Environment 

Before touring the Foundation and 
surveying its wonders, it would not be 
amiss to consider the motive which 
prompted Mr August Heckscher to 
expend such a huge sum of money in 



one philanthropy. The reason lies iii 
one word — environment. Mr Heck- 
scher and the Children's Society of- 
ficials believe that if the "bad" boy, 
the wayward girl, the friendless juve- 
nile or the abused child are transferred 
into an environment that betokens 
the good things of the world,' the 
chances for developing real manhood 
and womanhood are increased many 
fold . Given a background which sug- 
gests none of the evils or bad condi- 
tions with which the child has come 
into contact, the effect on the impres- 
sionable mind is quite certain to re- 
main, reason the child welfare work- 
ers. And Mr Heckscher has tried to 
work along this idea in planning his 
$4,000,000 dreamland. 

Keeping in mind the idea back of 
the Foundation, the visitor is able to 
appreciate to a greater degree the 
various sights which greet him through- 
out the building. Passing the general 
offices of the Children's Society, occu- 
pying the greater part of the main 
floor, the child entering the institution 
is ushered into one of several cheery 
reception rooms, decorated with illus- 
trations from well known fairy stories. 
If the newcomer is a lost child, he or 
she is taken to a lost child department 
on the main floor. Here in spacious 
rooms, replete with cribs, beds and 
toys the youngster awaits the arrival 
of the frantic parent who usually ap- 
pears within a few hours. 

The juvenile recalcitrant or abused 
child is conducted from the reception 
room, after the necessary records have 
been set down, to the shower baths 
and swimming pool on the sixth floor. 



205 



Four dressing rooms, marble enclosed, 
open into each shower, the tempera- 
ture of which is regulated from a cen- 
tral station. Those who prefer the 
pool find a lake 60 feet long by 33 feet 
wide, with varying depths to Syi feet 
awaiting them. A gallery affords an 
opportunity for visitors to watch the 
aquatic antics of the youngsters. 

The third floor has six large dormi- 
tories for girls; an equal number for 
the boys are found on the fourth floor. 
Long rows of white enamelled cots, a 
chair and clothes bag at the fool of 
each, invite the juveniles to slumber- 
land after a day of supervised play and 
instruction. The facilities of the 
home provide for five hundred chil- 
dren. 

The children are separated into 



groups according to age. The lai 
boys and girls have an aerial pi 
ground atop the roof overlool 
Central Park. Here they can play 
their hearts content — kiddies who 
have been the victims of cruelly, oth- 
ers friendless or described as bad whra. 
they ran afoul of the law. Instruct 
say that many do not know how 
play and have to be taught. Si 
vised g\'mnastics are conducted in a 
g\-mnasium which the guide assures 
visitors is "larger than the biggest ball- 
room in New York." 

The smaller youngsters have a 
dergarten roof opening off the t] 
floor. A feature of this playground 
a good sized wading pool, the wal 
bubbling down from a fountain 
turesquely situated at one end, A 







Tke Edison MontKly 





iff* 

!! 


mm m 


II 

ii 



I 



kindergarten, with a cork floor and 
specially built chairs reminding one of 

Liliputia, beckons to the tots when 
they are tired of the playground. Toys 
that would gladden the heart of a rich 
man's sons are scattered about. 

The program for the larger "guests" 
of the Foundation includes manual 
training and grade school instruction. 
Girls are taught domestic science in 
connection with which four-room model 
apartments with all conveniences have 
been set up for them. Printing and 
cobbler shops have been installed for As vegetables aplenty feature in the 



scenic effects such 
as are found in the 
leading playhouses 
of the cily, can be 
produced by the 
equipment installed 
by Mr Heckscher, 
The mural decora- 
tions of the play- 
house, which holds 
eight hundred, are 
being executed by 
Willy Pogany. 

Food is an integ- 
ral part of a 
child's life, by vir- 
tue of which fact 
special attention 
has been devoted 
to the culinary end 
of the establishment. There are four 
large dining rooms on the fourth floor, 
each furnished with marble topped 
tables and high backed chairs. The 
china is of a special design; that used by 
the smaller juveniles being decorated 
with story book characters such as Red 
Riding Hood and Little Bo-Peep. 

Children like soup best of ail, ac- 
cording to the chef, who took evident 
delight in uncovering four i50-gal!on 
cauldrons in which strengthening 
broths and thick soups were bubbling. 



:o Brighten 



I SpECially 



the boys. There are also seven school 
"rooms presided over by city teachers. 
The religious side has not been over- 
looked. Mr Heckscher's architects 
have designed a chapel, the quaint- 
ness and beauty of which have aroused 
favorable comment- Proteslan t, Cath- 
olic and Jewish services areheld weekly. 
A children's theatre, of which David 



daily menus, electrically operated 
peelers and cleaners are kept hum- 
ming in the task of preparing the 
"spuds" and other good things of the 
vegetable kingdom. One noted also 
the rhythmic motion o( an electric 
churn as it performed its task of turn- 
ing rich creamy milk into butter. 
Many of the workers are college 



Belasco is the manager, is one of the graduates; all are high school gradu- 
novelties of the home. Light and ates. Great care has been exercised in 




fitting up their rest rooms and sleeping 
quarters. Each worker has his or her 
own bedroom, furnished attractively 
and comfortably. 

Before and after pictures attest the 
results of a stay at the Foundation 
home. Looking at a picture of some 



maltreated child, with cowed expre 
sion, one finds it difficult to i 
that the ruddy faced smiling young'J 
ster brought in by an agent is the samcQ 
child. A fortnight accomplishes woiL-J 
ders. A month reveals a child wtw 
has learned what it is really to live. 



Multiplied Hands 

"So much work to do," wailed the housewife of old, 

"And only two hands to do it!" 
At the thought of it all her fine courage grew cold 

How would she ever get through it? 



"So much work to do," laughs the housewife loday, 
"But why should I worry or rue it ? 

As long as Eiectra befriends me this way 
I've dozens o( hunds to do it." 

- — jf/ice Crawn/I Heffmi 



"Little Bits of Comfort' 



TWO or three centuries ago it was 
not unusual to see gold and lac- 
quer coaches, bearing coats of 
arms on their doors, stop before a 
cathedral and from the equipages 
alight handsomely dressed court la- 
dies. If it was winter time, they were 
followed into the cold, damp church, 
by a footman carrying a handwrought 
silver basket in which glowed a cheery- 
charcoal fire. This was placed inside 
the pew. From time to time the wor- 
shippers bent forward and moved 
their hands back and forth over the 
top of the silver basket, then they re- 
sumed their prayers. This was the 
only way they could warm themselves 




Hand Wsnnn* Added to the Comforu of America and Surope m Well ■> Chiiu 
and India From Ihc Fifteenth to theNiiKtetDthCentuiiei. They Were Unique 
in Shape and AttractiK in Derim and Wen Heated br Chaimal, Hot Aihei or 
Hot Water. Some Were of Oi^ and Silver While Othen Were of Btm or 
Copper, TheHateriBliVariedAccaRllnctolheWcalthBnilStaticoortheOmer 
209 



in the unheated building of those 
"good old days." 

It requires imagination in these 
modern days to realize all the discom- 
forts men and women endured. Hand 
stoves and foot warmers were the sole 
source of heat. The fingers of the 
priests at the altar sometimes grew 
numb from the cold. If it had not 
been for the metal warmers no doubt 
they would have been unable during 
the bitter days of winter to conduct 
the religious services. 

The chaufferette, or hand warmer, 
used by French men and women of 
fashion, were usually of gold or silver 
combined with brocade. Inside the box 
were bits of burn- 
ing charcoal . Poor 
folk either blew 
their breath on 
their icy hands to 
restore circulation, 
or they carried 
roughly made 
warmers of inferior 
metals. 

Hand warmers 
and foot stoves 
were a luxury . 
They were used by 
the richer folk in 
France, England, 
Holland, Italy, In- 
dia, China, Japan 
and the United 
States. Being: 
small they were 
easily carried about 
and the charcoal 
ones retained their 
heat for a long 



The Edison Monthly 



time. Half a dozen persons could unto itself strange and wondrous 

warm themselves at one of these tiny shapes and sometimes it was of mon- 

stoves. strous size, compared with the en- 

Occasionally the collector of an- graved and pierced silver hand warm- 

tiques discovers a relic of our Puritan ers then so fashionable. Its chief 

days when men and women used hand object in the daily housekeeping pro- 

and foot warmers on their long drives gramme was to remove the dampness 

across country to attend religious serv- and chill from the bed clothing, 

ices in an unheated church. At- English bed wagons of a century or 

though their religious ardor burned two ago were constructed of bent 

brightly they were forced to restore pieces of wood to raise the sheets far 

the circulation to their stiffening feet enough from the brazier to prevent 



and chilled fingers 
at a little square 
box made with per- 
forated brass sides 
and wi th four 
turned wooden cor- 
ner posts, the ac- 
cepted receptacle 
for charcoal. 

The succeeding 
congregations of 
(Mie church , founded 
in 1652 at Farm- 
ington, Conn, at- 
tended divine serv- 
ice for a period of 
172 years, during 
which time there " "'"*■"■'■ 
was no means of 
heating the edifice. Themembersof the 
congregation brought with them from 
borne, foot stoves and hand warmers. 
Those who came from afar refilled 
their tiny heaters with charcoal or hot 
water at a neighbor's house in the 
vicinity of the church. 

History does not record, so far as 
we know, the name of the inventor of 
the bed wagon, but blessings must 
have been heaped upon his head along 
with words of praise for the person 
who first thought of foot stoves and 
hand warmers. The bed wagon took 



scorching or burning. In the center 

of the wagon , which had a base usually 

of sheet iron or tin afoot 

square, there was placed 

a tripod into which 




Bed Wagoni W 
Bcdi. The Protecting Frame 
ceptacle. The Louver Left ] 
Burned the Charcoal in a Or 



□ England. France and Italy taVfmmlng 
Wat or Wood Surrouadlna a Chvnal Re- 
tion Showi an Italian Bed Waaon Wliidi 

ItaUan Type Wai m Ute in One or the Moat 



fitted the charcoal receptacle. Such 
an apparatus gave a bed a humorous 
appearance during the heating process, 
but the cheer the warm sheets brought 
imparted to this aspect of the cere- 
mony a sense of importance rather 
than of amusement. 

The bed warmer was developed 
from the bed wagon . This later heat- 
ing model is made with a round brass 
or copper pan — it is said that Louis 
XVI of France possessed a solid silver 
one — and a perforated and chased 
cover. A long wooden handle made it 



Tlie Editfon Montkly 




A Development from the Bed Wmou Wh the Wvm- 
iiK Pan, a Sound Bran or Copper Pan With a Lona 
Wooden Handle. loveatorin Show That Louii XVI 



possible for the pan, into which were 
placed bits of burning charcoal, to be 
moved up and down and across, be- 
tween the bed clothes. 

The thought behind these primitive 
heating utensils is the same that has 
given us our modern comforts, such 
as the electric heating pad and the 
electric blanket. It was a logical step 
from the healed brick wrapped inside 
a blanket and which was tucked under 



your feet in a sleigh to the present day 
electrically warmed bit of wool. Some- 
where between, came the hot water 
bottle, which has served its purpose 
well, but which cannot be compared 
with its electric rival. 

How much simpler it is to attach a 
soft, flexible bit of material to the 
electric light socket, switch on the 
current, and find a comforting warmth, 
which may be regulated to suit your 
needs and maintained at the same 
temperature, and for as long a time 
as you require it, than to depend 
upon these obsolete methods of heat- 
ing the body. 

One cannot help wondering how a 
person ever survived an acute illness 
which required immediate hot appli- 
cations when the family had to depend 
upon the slow process of boiling water 
and the old fashioned method of ap- 
plying hot cloths. The electric blan- 
ket; the aluminum heating pad, con- 
vex on one side and concave on the 
other to comform to the body curves, 
and which can be used either for 
wet or dry applications of heat, 
and the electric immersion heater, 
which boils a glass of water in less 
than three minutes, are all so con- 
venient, so quick to adjust and so 
perfect in effect that it makes one 
glad to be living in these progressive 
days. 




Foot Stona Were bi QenenI Dae Pot Uanr Yean. The Churcba or the Middle A(e* Had ni 
>r Heatin(. The TUrd IlluatraUao ii a Foot Steve Uied In the Old CoopetatioDal Cburch In FaimhicMa, 
— 'le the Poiutb la aaAodent Hand Wanner, a ScakUnafinn Cypnia 



In a New Role 



I 



IN the rapid handling of the parcel 
post packages and letters of a 
large mail order coat and 
house an electric industrial truck is nol 
only proving the solution of a perplex^ 
ing deliverj- problem but is demon- 
strating another angle of the versa 
lility of these serviceable vehicles. 
The truck operates both within the 
clothing factory in gathering the par- 
cels and also on the street, traversing 
dense traffic, in carrying the packages 
to the post office. It does its work not 
only more rapidly and effectively than 
it can be done by any other system 
but also at a distinct reduction in cost 
as compared with the old method. 

At Fourth Avenue and Twelfth 
Street, stands the New York building 
of the Inlernalionat Tailoring Com- 
pany. A similar factory is in Chicago. 
The company supplies lo.ooo retail 
tailors throughout the country. Sam- 
ple books, contain- 
ing swatches of the 
gootlsanda chart by 
which the measure- 
ment of any person 
is easily and accu- 
rately taken, are 
distributed among 
the dealers. This 
measurement is 
made by the local 
tailor and then, 
instead of him- 
self going ahead 
and making thi- 
suit or overcoat, hi* 
forwards the lig- ~ " 
ures on to the In- 0"of 
ternational Tailor- 



ing Company either here or in Chi 
cago. 

The fact that practically all of t 
business is done by mail, and 
shipments are all made by parcel j 
make the daily mail bulky 
weighty. So great did it become t 
four men and four hand trucks were n 
quired to take it to the nearest | 
office, a block away. 

In the search for a way to do tbis 
work more cheaply and with greater 
ease, the company investigated the_ 
electric industrial truck and finally iu^ 
stalled one for trial. A truck wa 
chased from the Crescent Truck ComJ 
pany and a special type of body ' 
designed. The body is made of st« 
in the form of a single deep comparW 
ment having a hinged door in the 
ter. through which the mail sacks a 
loaded and unloaded. The battery ^ 
is composed of twelve ii-plate Exide- 




Tke Edison MontKly 




I 



:>n Co Up ar 
vaXorm and Gun Thui be Loaded at 
With ■ Eavini of Uucb Time ■: 



Ironclad cells and fjennits the truck 
to carfv a weight of more than one 
ton. The batlerj' is guarded against 
damage by coiled steel springs sur- 
rounding push rods on each side of the 
cradle which supports the cells. 
When the truck is on the street the 
jars of the rough pavement are thus 
broken and the danger of damage to 
ihe batlerv- is greatly lessened. 

One of the most interesting features 
of the work of this electric truck is the 
(act thai it is equally at home in the 
building or on the street. Because ihe 
body was designed lo fit inside the 
freight elevators of the building, the 
truck can be taken on the elevator and 
carried to the ninth floor of the twelve- 
story building for its first consign- 
ment of mail in sacks. Here it picks 
up the letters and all first class mail 
and then it is put back on the elevator 
and lowered to the second floor where 
■ lie shipping and cutting rooms are 
loralnl. The truck, under its own 



power, runs in and out among tlie 
workers and machines in these rooms 
and picks up its full quota of suits and 
o\ercoats wrapped and ready for 
their journey to the outlying retail 
stores. Having done this it is again 
run on the elevator and taken to the 
-ireet level. Here the hinged door is 
locked and the trip to the post office 
commences. It is a strange sight to 
see this iittle truck travelling amidst 
the traffic of crowded Fourth Avenue 
and is only a further indication of the 
application of electricity to mechan- 
ical motion and a demonstration of 
the capability of the electric industrial 
truck. 

The truck carries thirty-five sacks 
of mail on ordinary trips and makes 
four or five trips a day to and from the 
post office. When the mail is in excess 
of the usual thirty-five sacks a trailer 
is attached. 

Because its presence does not raise 
the insurance rates on the building, 
the truck is kept directly at the en- 
trance lo the elevators where the 
freight is loaded. An automatic 
charging plug has been provided so 
that the battery- may be charged at 
the same spot where the truck is kept. 
The cost of charging does not exceed 
$1 .00 a day at any time. 

Mr R H Raiss, Treasurer of the In- 
temational Tailoring Company, is 
authority for the statement that "our 
electric industrial truck is an excellent 
investment and has more than justi- ' 
fied its purchase. This truck saves us 
about $150.00 monthly and we e.xpect 
that it will paj' for itself in a very short 
time. It is absolutely dependable and 
can always be relied upon when 
needed. It was unfortunate that we 
did not purchase it sooner." 



The Electrical and Industrial 

Exposition of 1 922 



THE fifteenth annual Electrical 
and Industrial Exposition has 
passed into history. Held at the 
Grand Central Palace, during the 
week of October 7-14 as part of the 
celebration of the beginning of Edison 
Service it portrayed not only the pres- 
ent uses of electricity in the home and 
in industry but showed also the prog- 
ress that has been made since the 
first central station was placed in 
operation in 1882. Large crowds at- 
tended the exposition every day and 
on the closing day, when Thomas A 
Edison and the Edison Pioneers in- 
spected the displays it was almost 
impossible to force a passage through 
the throngs. 

With one hundred and thirty-four 
exhibitors, the exposition covered the 
entire range of electrical application. 
There was a whole section devoted to 
electric vehicles and automobile ac- 
cessories; model apartments showed 
the extent to which electrical appli- 
ances are helping solve the housekeep- 
ing problem; the industrial applica- 
tions of electricity were shown by 
means of factories in actual operation; 
radio manufacturers occupied another 
large section and their receiving sets 
brought musical programs and news 
bulletins to the show's visitors; an- 
other department showed the year's 
progress in the development of electro 
therapeutics; and there were exhibits 
which showed factory lighting, show 
window illuminationandelectric signs. 
In contrast with all these modern uses 
of electricity were the historical ex- 



hibits in the Museum of Edisonia. 
Assembled by the Edison Pioneers and 
the Association of Edison Illuminating 
Companies these exhibits told the 
story of the experimental work carried 
on by Edison and his associates be- 
tween 1875 and 1885. Among the ex- 
hibits were the first bipolar genera tors, 
one of the Jumbo generators from the 
Pearl Street Station, some of the first 
incandescent lamps and the first elec- 
tric fixtures with their wooden sockets. 
A miniature of the Edison laboratory 
in Menlo Park, built entirely from 
material from the original laboratory, 
the first electric locomotive, the orig- 
inal phonograph with its tinfoil rec- 
ords, telegraphic instruments and a 
host of other relics of forty years ago 
completed the display in this interest- 
ing section of the exposition. 

Household Exhibits 

Electric labor savers for the home, 
of course, held the interests of thou- 
sands. There were displays by the 
various manufacturers of such equip- 
ment and then in the several electrical 
apartments the devices were shown 
just as they would be used in the home. 
One of these apartments was managed 
by the Home Economics Bureau of 
The New York Edison Company, an- 
other was conducted by The Yonkers 
Electric Light and Power Company 
and another by The New York and 
Queens Electric Light and Power 
Company. 

In addition to the Home Economics 
displayThe NewYork Edison Company 



215 



Tlie EJison MontKIy 



I 



maintained exhibits by several of ith 
commercial departments. One by the 
Wholesale Bureau showed graphically 
the economy of central station service 
as compared with the service of the 
private plant. The Lighting Inspec- 
tion Bureai[ explained the various fac- 
tors which affect the consumption of 
electric current, pointing out the in- 



medicai applicalionsof electricity. Th(^ 
cooperation that is being established I 
Ijetween theeiectriclightcompanyand I 
electrical dealers was the subject of an | 
interestingdisplayof printed ma tier by I 
theAdvertising Bureau. The district [ 
offices of the company were repre- 
sented too, their booth having a largie I 
map with the district boundries indi- 



I 




creased use o( electricity that is caused 
by cloudy days, storms or the early 
twilight in Fall and Winter. The 
Sign Bureau pointed out the advan- 
tages of electrical advertising and 
showed how the effectiveness of elec- 
tric signs could be increased through 
proper maintenance. The Bureau 
of Electro therapeutics, cooperating 
with the manufacturers of medical 
equipment showed a number of the 



cated. Here matters pertaining to 
Edison Service were explained and ap- 
plications for service were received. 
The Bureau of Unwired Buildings 
demonstrated its plan for assisting in , 
equipping for electrical service, exist- 
ing buildings which have not yet been 
wired. How the employees of a pub- 
lic utility company are trained for 
more effective public service was 
shown in the exhibit by the Bureau of 



Tke Edison Montkl: 



Education. Through the Heating 
Bureau the advantages of electricity 
as a source of heat were explained and 
the advantages of electricity over 
other forms of power were pointed out 



The United Electric Light and 
Power Company maintained an ex- 
hibit which showed electricity in sev- 
eral different fields. The various 
effects that can be produced in show 



Exhibitors at the 1922 Electrical Show 



Alpha Electric Company, Inc 
American Metric Association The 
American Radio Ai Electric Co 
Andrea Frank A D 
Appliance Distributing Corporation 

Baker R & L N Y Corporation 
Berlin Ai Jones Company, Inc 
Bet2 Frank S Company 
Bleadon-Dim Company 
Bohn C C Electric Company 
Borgfeldt George Ai Company 

Carbona Company, Inc 

Central Cigar Mfg Company 

Clover Gardens 

Commercial Truck Company 

Consolidated Telegraph Ai Electrical Subway Company 

Continental Radio Ai Electric Corp 

Cutl^-Hammer Manufacturing Co 

Dictograph Products Corporation 
Disbecker Ai Company, Inc 
Domestic Electric Company 
Domestic Electric Company, Inc 

Edison Electric Appliance Co Inc 
Edison Storage Battery Company 
Electrical Repair Company The 
Electrical World 
Electric Service Engineering Co 
Electric Storage Battery Co The 
Eureka Vacuum Cleaner Company, Inc 



F Ai M Liquid Heater Company 
Fitzgerald Manufacturing Co 
Foote-Burt Company The 

Gage Publishing Company, Inc 
Geier P A Company 
General Electric Company 
Gillespie-Eden Corporation 
Glasser Manufacturing Company 
Gold Car Heating Ai Lighting Co 
Gould Dreadnaught Battery Co 

Halliwell Electric Company, Inc 

Hamersiey Mfg Company The 

Hanovia Chemical Ai Mfg Company 233 

Hart Wallace B 

Haughton Elevator Ai Machine Co The 

Henley Norman W Publishing Co The 

Hess Ai Hicks, Inc 

High Tension Transformer Ai Equipment Corporation 



151-155 West 30th Street 

156 Fifth Avenue 

1133 Broadway 

1581 Jerome Avenue 

673 Eighth Avenue 

17 Central Park West 

• 47-553 West 27th Street 

6 Ai 8 West 48th Street 

Marbridge Building 

820 Sixth Avenue 

l6th Street As Irving Place 

45 West 18th Street 

511 Canal Street 

Grand Central Palace 

405 Lexington Avenue 

54 Lafayette Street 

6 Warren Street 

50 Church Street 

220 West 42nd Street 

15 West 35th Street 

Cleveland, Ohio 

43 Warren Street 

140-142 Sixth Avenue 

Orange, New Jersey 

240-242 West 25th Street 

10th Ave Ai 36th Street 

105 West 47th Street 

23-31 West 43rd Street 

31 West 43rd Street 

812 King St, Wilmington, Delaware 

110 West 34th Street 

Cleveland, Ohio 

461 Eighth Avenue 

1400 Broadway 

120 Broadway 

7 Dey Street 

200 Fifth Avenue 

220 •36th St, Brooklyn. N Y 

30 Bast 42nd Street 

- 113-119 Fourth Avenue 

25 Park Place 

N J Railroad Avenue, Newark, N J 

6 East 37th Street 

220 West 54th Street 

2 West 45th Street 

326 West 41st Street 

200 Washington St, Hoboken, N J 



in an exhibit by the Power Bureau. A 
community booth maintained by the 
Bureau of Showroom Sales afforded 
all manufacturers an opportunity to 
demonstrate their appliances j.ust as 
thev do in the Edison showrooms. 



window lighting formed a part of this 
exhibit. The lighting of factories, 
showing the relation between light and 
safety, light and production and light 
and waste formed another part of the 
United exhibit. Home lighting was 



217 



Tke Edison MontkL 



also demonstrated and the Elixit fix- 
tures which may be shifted about just 
as a picture is hung or removed, were 
shown. Wired furniture was also on 
display and the use of electrical appli- 



capacity of 400,000 horse-power. 

Industrial Exhibits 

The industrial exhibits were all in 
actual operation and they showed a 



Exhibitors at the 1922 Electrical Show— Continued 



Himmer, Vitalis Jr 
HotMut Mfg Company, Inc The 
Home Devices Corporation 
Hoover Suction Sweeper Company 
Hurley Machine Company 
Hutchinson Maniifacturing Co, Inc 

lUe F. Wilson Electric Corporation 
Industry Illustrated 
International Floor Machine Co 
Ives Manufacturing Corporation The 

Jackson William H Company 

Kelland Motor Car Company 
Kelvinator Sales Corporation 
Kent Company, Inc The 
Kimball Electric Company 
Kirkman Ai Son 

Landers Frary fli Clark 

Latham E B Ai Company 

Lawsom Electric Co. 

Lexington Radio Ai Electric Co, Inc 

Lightolier Company 

Lionel Corporation 

Manning Bowman Ai Company 

Marchbanks Press 

Maytag Company The 

Metropolitan Device Corporation 

Milbum Wagon Company The 

Moisant Ozonized Water Company 

Moore Company 

Multiple Storage Battery Corix>ration The 

MurreU Wm G Co 

Mcintosh Electrical Corporation 

McNab Ai Harlin Mfg Company 



203-205 Sixth Avenue 

Troy, Ohio 

11 East 42nd Street 

47 West 34th Street 

147 West 42nd Street 

Grand Central Palace 

109 East 23rd Street 

120 West 32nd Street 

220 West 19th Street 

200 Fifth Avenue 

2 West 47th Street 

58 Elm Street, Newark. N J 

24 West 40th Street 

250 West 57th Street 

23 West 37th Street 

Bridge fll Water Streets, Brooklyn, N Y 

200 Fifth Avenue 

550 Pearl Street 

122 5th Avenue 

439 Lexington Avenue 

569-571 Broadway 

48 East 21st Street 

200 Fifth Avenue 

114 East 13th Street 

1319 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa 

1250 Atlantic Avenue, Brooklyn, N Y 

Toledo, Ohio 

178 Greenwich Street 

Muncie, Indiana 

350 Madison Avenue 

1672 Broadway 

405 Lexington Avenue 

John Ai William Street 



National Acme Company 

National Marine Lamp Company 

Nelson's Loose-Leaf Encyclopaedia 

New Home Sewing Machine Company The 

New York Ai Queens Electric Light Ai Power Company, 

New York Edison Company, The 

Advertising Bureau 

Automobile Bureau 

District Office Managers 

Educational Bureau 

Electric Sign Bureau 

Electro-Therapeutics, Bureau of 



77 White Street 

Forestville, Connecticut 

30 Church Street 

319 West 125th Street 

Bridge Plaza, Long Island City, N Y 

130 East 15th Street 
130 East 15th Street 
130 East 15th Street 
130 East 15th Street 
130 East 15th Street 
124 West 42nd Street 



ances for cooking was demonstrated. 
Occupying the center of the United 
booth was a miniature of the com- 
pany's new Hell Gate Station. This 
Station has just been placed in opera- 
tion and it is designed for an ultimate 



great variety of interesting manufac- 
turing processes. A cigar factory 
operated by the Central Cigar Manu- 
facturing Company showed the entire 
process of cigar manufacture from the 
selection of the filler to the wrapping 



218 



Tke Edison Montkly 



and binding of the cigar. A wrapping 
machine exhibited by the Phenix 
Cheese Company showed how cream 
cheese is wrapped and packed for ship- 
ment. The wrapping of chocolate 



Ozonized Water Company . The man- 
ufacture of envelopes was shown by 
Berlin and Jones Co while the March- 
banks Press printed stationery for the 
exhibitors of the show. The manu- 



Exhibitors at the 1922 Electrical Show— Continued 



Heating Bureau 

Home Economics Bureau 

Lighting Inspection Bureau 

Power Bureau 

Showroom Sales, Bureau of 

Unwired Buildings, Bureau of 

Wholesale Bureau 
New York Telephone Company 
New York Tribime 

O B Electric Vehicles, Inc 
Ohio Electric Company, Inc 
Otis Elevator Company 

Pheniz Cheese Company 
Philadelphia Storage Battery Co 
Pioneer Radio Corporation 
Pneuvac Company 
Premier Service Company 

Radio Corporation of America 
Radio Topics Publishing Company 
Rauch fli Lang N Y Corporation 
Rodger Publishing Company 
Runkel Brothers. Inc 
Rutenber Electric Company 

Shelton Electric Company 

Singer Sewing Machine Company 

Sleeper Radio Corporation 

Sloane W & J 

Steinmetz Electric Motor Car Corporation 

Stott Ekiward B Company, Inc 

Sunny Line Electric Sales Company 

The "1900" Washer Company 
Thomas Pump Works, Inc 
Trtiswell & Sons Wi'liam 

United Electric Light Ai Power Company, The 
Utensils Company 

Walker Vehicle Company 
Ward Motor Vehicle Company 
Ward Motor Vehicle Company 
Watson Elevator Company, Inc 
Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co 
Weston Electrical Instnunent Co 
Willcoz Ai Gibbs Sewing Machine Co 
Woodrow Manufacturing Company 

Yonkers Electric Light Ai Power Company The 



130 East 15th Street 

124 West 42nd Street 

130 East 15th Street 

130 East 15th Street 

130 East 15th Street 

130 East 15th Street 

130 East 15th Street 

15 Dey Street 

154 Nassau Street 

Harris Avenue Ai Sherman St, Long Island City, N Y 

145 West 45th Street 
260 Eleventh Avenue 

345 Greenwich Street 
Ontario Ai C Streets, Philadelphia, Pa— 41 E 42nd St 

206 Broadway 

Worcester, Massachusetts 

2010 Broadway 

233 Broadway 

Oak Park, Illinois 

19 Central Park West 

Bush Terminal Building 

451 West 30th Street 

145 West 45th Street 

16 East 42nd Street 

149 Broadway 

88 Park Place 

5th Avenue fll 47th Street 

Baltimore, Maryland 

175 Fifth Avenue 

114 Chambers Street 

Bingham ton. New York 

154 Spring Street 

16 Cedar Street 

130 East 15th Street 
Fort Wa3me, Indiana 

Grand Central Terminal 

Mount Vernon, N Y 

Grand Central Terminal Building 

407 West 36th Street 

165 Broadway 

Waverly Park, Newark, N J 

658 Broadway 

Newton, Iowa 

9 Manor House Square, Yonkers, N Y 



bars by machinery was demonstrated 
by Runkel Brothers, while the prep- 
aration of soap was demonstrated by 
Kirkman and Son. The purification 
of drinking water by means of ozone 
was demonstrated by the Moisant 



facture of screws was demonstrated by 
the National Acme Co. A new saw, 
capable of making every cut that a 
carpenter requires was demonstrated 
by the Hutchinson Manufacturing 
Company. Electrically operated ele- 



219 





valor equipment was demonHlraled by 
the Otis Elevator Co, the Haughton 
Elevator and Machinery Company 
and the Watson Elevator Company. 

Electrk TVue^ Parade 

A comprehensive display of electric 
trucks, passenger cars and industrial 
trucks made up one of the most im- 



portant departments of the exposi- j 
tion. Occupying a large part of the i 
second floor of the building they | 
formed a distinctive exhibit and were J 
a centre of interest for merchants and I 
manufacturers who are confronted j 
wilh delivery problems. 

On Tuesday. October 10, the ex- 
hibitors held an electric truck parade. 



Tfce Edison Montlily 




iDdiHtriBl and Tcuck BihibiU. The Cigar Mikiat Exhibit of I) 
Stmt Tnicki, InduKrlnl Tnicki, the aiecu-lc Tuiub. it: 
Were Fcuod in the AutomoUle Sci:tian; the MdubtH Oianlic 

Purifying Drinking W 



the first ever undertaken in New York . 
More than 150 vehicles participated, 
rolling down Fifth Avenue in a column 
that extended nearly a mile. Although 
the parade was held under the aus- 
pices of the manufacturers, the trucks 
themselves were entered by users and 
owners. Eighty different owners rep- 
resenting thirty different classes of 
service put their delivery equipment 



in the parade. The procession was 

headed by a band on a five-ton truck 
and was escorted by a squad of motor 
cycle police. The start was from 
Sixty-seventh Street and Fifth Avenue 
and the parade broke up at Washing- 
ton Square, a distance of about three 
miles. For the time the parade was 
on the avenue, south bound traffic was 
diverted to other streets. Itwasabig 



J 




day for electric vehicles and one of the 
least interesting elements of the pro- 
ceedings was the fact that not in 
years have so many commercial vehi- 
cles been seen on "the Avenue" alone 
time. Several years ago Fifth Avenue 
placed a ban on commercial vehicles 
F all sorts and restricted itself ex- 



ctric Mtier, The Hume 
luodcy Proved Centrt* 
ng W»i the Subject of 



clusively to passenger cars. This ban I 
was temporarily lifted to permit the! 
holding of the parade. Following the J 
parade there was a perceptible 
crease of interest in the vehicles shown J 
at the Electrical Show. 

Theshowser\-ed to introduce toNei 
York its first modern electric t 




Xke Edison MontKly 




Central Stadoo Sdtiblti. i>i.siii< i Ijil.lc 
SleCtrlc ApplJBIieM for Ihc Hiinic Wen ^j 
a Electrical Conitruclion Wu Shon 
dealer Coopneiian Was Eipli 

Medical Appliancei ai Exhibi 



The vehicle, one o( fifty being built by 

the Rauch and Lang Corporation for 
the Eleclrotaxi Corporation of 1292 
Madison Avenue will go into service on 
November 1 . The first ten have been 
completed and the balance will follow 
as the business increases. The cabs 
are painted in a combination of two 



tones of grey — in striking contrast 
with some of the color schemes 
adopted by taxicab companies. They 
have a wheel base of only 102 inches, 
and as the control is entirely by means 
of a hand-operated lever, with no 
gears to shift they will be easy to 
handle in the traffic congested streets 



The Edison ^ontkly 




Looking Down 



of New York, It is expected that the 
electric cabs will be a big factor for 
safety on the crowded streets. The 
insurance companies recognize the 
safety of electric cabs by giving a 25% 
reduction in the premium for liability 



Eleclric Vehicle Slalalics 

The Electric Vehicle Bureau of The 
New York Edison Company displayed 
an interesting series of charts pointing 
out the advantages of electrics. One 
chart was called the Dollar Race and 
showed graphically the relative dis- 
tances that electric, gasoline and 
horse-drawn vehicles of different 
capacities could cover at an operating 
expense of one dollar, while others 
gave the electric vehicle census and 
the ages of trucks now in service. 

Special Features 

As in former years, the opportunity 
to study the development and appli- 
cation of electricity afforded by the ex- 
position was grasped by high school 



groups were great] 
interested i 
electrically opera! 
ed apartmenti 
while engini 
students spent mo« 
iif their time at t 
industrial display) 
.iiid in theMu 
nl Hdisonia und^ 
Uiv guidance of th 
rurators Messrs 1 
A Wardlaw 
I'rancisjehl. Dele- 
gates attending 
convention of tb 
"™""' New York Stati 

Federation of Womens Clubs were 
conspicuous among the show visit" 
ors. Safety Day brought man 
workers in the Safely Campaigi 
to the show. Among them 
Judge Elbert H Gary, Mr Lawrence ^ 
ColemanandMr CWPrice. OnS 
Day visitors were shown the propt 
way to use electrical appliances and'l 
were warned of the dangers of care-J 
lessness. Safety workers were mudiJ 
interested in the possibilityof reducingJ 
industrial accidents through the appli- f 
cation of individual motor drive with I 
the elimination of dangerous shafts I 
and belts, and in the effect of proper I 
factory lighting in reducing industrial J 
hazards. 

The closing day of the show ■ 
designated in honor of the Edisonl 
Pioneersandbrought together many of I 
theearlyassociatesof theinventor. Mr I 
and Mrs Edison spent the afternoon I 
at the exposition and while Mr Edison J 
was greatly interested in the display I 
of his own early inventions his enthusi- I 
was aroused by the growing ap- I 



and college students. Domestic science plication of electricity in industry. 



December 



i'MHifS^f 




1922 



voLUMB H CONTENTS number 12 

>& 1 (x; 

The Edison Monthly^ p_^ 

The Edison Directory ... Inside Front Cover 
Editorials - - - - - - - 225 

A Winter's Night in Central Park (Photograph) - 228 

Santa Claus E E - - • - - - 229 

The Fifth Avenue Hospital • - - -232 

Elevator Improvements ..... 23S 

Electric Taxicabs ----- 238 

The New Hub Cap - - - - - - 240 

"Use Elearic Trucksl Why? Ask AU Owners" - 241 

Envelopes - - - . - - - - 242 

Edison District Offices with Map ■ Inside Back Cover 

C mmk U I922.tt TImNm YtHiESmmCmtm 



Tke Edison Montkl: 



The Edison Monthly 

Published by 

The New York Edison Company 

Qeneral Offices 

Irving Place and Fifteenth Street 
"New York City 



N F Brady. President 
Waltkr Neumullkr. Secrettry 
Frederick smith. Treniurer 



Just about this time each year 
Santa Claus and his men turn their 
thoughts from questions of production 
to problems of distribution. The 
reindeer after their long summer's rest 
' arebeingcarefully brought tocondition 
for their midnight trip to a sleeping 
world. Scratches on the historic old 
sleigh are being touched up and the 
rust is being rubbed from the runners. 
For more years than the mothers 
of good little boys and girls can re- 
member this has been the yearly pro- 
gram in the land of icebergs and snow. 
There was a time only a few years ago 
when it looked as though old Santa 
was going to make a change in his 
methods and retire Prancer and Vixen 
and the rest of the reindeer herd to a 
well earned rest. That was when the 
automobile came into popularity. But 
Santa Claus knew his reindeer; knew 
that they could cover his long routes 
and knew, too, that to anxiously wait- 
ing little ears, the honking of a horn 
and the roar of a cut-out would 
never be the same as the prancing of 
hoofs on the roof and the jingle of 
sleighbells. 

But while Santa's delivery system 
remains true to tradition his produc- 
tion department keeps in close touch 
with the changing desires of wide 
awake boys and girls and the modem 



needs of their Mothers and Daddies. 
That is why the.patron saint of Christ- 
mas time is an electrical engineer of 
considerable repute, a chemist of re- 
markable versatility and the holder of 
degrees in almost all the arts and 
sciences. Today the Christmas sleigh 
from Toyland carries as varied a col- 
lection of remembrances as could be im- 
agined. There are drums and tops, and 
dolls and horns as of old but there are 
also electric locomotives, wireless sets, 
magnetic devices, toy electric ranges 
and sewing machines, chemical outfits 
and miniature electric cooking devices, 
and old Santa carries a passenger on 
his long sleigh-ride — the North Pole 
prototype of the modern **wireman's 
helper," and between them they string 
thousands of tiny electric lamps on 
Christmas trees all over the land. 

Old Santa is awake to the times and 
in his electrical department he has 
manufactured besides his toys for the 
little folks' Christmas, almost all of 
the larger electrical housekeeping ap- 
pliances that have made such pleasing 
Christmas gifts for the big folks. 



0^=^ 



Speed in elevator service is not so 
much a matter of ''feet per second'* as 
of time between actual stops. With 
the application of the electric motor to 
elevator operation the rate of travel 
was greatly increased but there was 
still much time lost at each stop in the 
effort to bring the car to the floor 
level. Very often the car would stop 
a foot or two short and sometimes it 
would go too far. Elevator engineers 
have long been seeking to eliminate 
the waste of time and power that were 
entailed through the extra starting 
and stopping and with the develop- 



226 



Tke Edison Montkl 



ment of the micro-levelling device 
have removed the last obstacle to 
rapid elevator service. 

As described elsewhere in this issue 
the micro-levelling attachment auto- 
matically brings the car to an accurate 
stop. When the operator throws his 
controller on approaching a floor he 
automatically brings into operation a 
smaller motor geared to the driving 
shaft and this not only stops the car 
at the exact floor level but holds it 
there. The new attachment is being 
applied not only to express elevators, 
of which those in thje Emigrant Bank 
Building are typical, but also to 
freight elevators w^here they prove 
especially eff^ective in holding the car 
at the floor level as heavy loads are 
brought on or removed. 

Since early in November New York 
has been enjoying something new in 
taxicabs — electrics — and judging by 
their popularity the addition to exist- 
ing methods of city travel is decidedly 
welcome. It is the intention of the 
Electrotaxi Corporation eventually to 
have fifty of the cars on the streets of 
this city. To the passenger the cars 
are popular because of their cleanli- 
ness, their comfort, their safety, and 
the ease with which they can be 
handled in heavy traffic. To the oper- 
ating company the electric cabs have 
advantages of dependability and 
economy. Not the least important 
item in their economy is the lower rate 
of insurance for all classes of protec- 
tion. Insurance on the electric cabs 
is approximately 25% lower than on 
other types. 

The introduction of these new taxis 
recalls the interesting fact that New 



York's first motor driven public hacks 
were electrics: They were in service 
in the early '90's and resembled very 
closely the historic hansom cabs. 
These old cars eventually outlived their 
usefulness and not until the Electro- 
taxi Corporation introduced the pres- 
ent cabs has New York had anything 
but the ubiquitous gasoline taxi. 

Although in its details the experi- 
ence of the Atlas Storage Warehouse 
in the operation of electric trucks is 
extreme the principles of economy and 
dependability are the same which may 
be expected of any properly main- 
tained delivery fleet. Not every user 
of electric trucks can expect them to 
go through eight years of hard service 
with no other replacements than one 
hub cap and a few separators in some 
of the battery cells. It must be ad- 
mitted that even for electrics such a 
record of replacements is unusual and 
that for it there is no logical explana- 
tion. Aside from this unusual free- 
dom from repair expense, however, 
the Atlas trucks bear eloquent testi- 
mony of the capacity of electrics for 
hard work, of ability to go to distant 
places over hilly roads and of economy 
in operating expense. 

The officials of the Atlas Company 
are enthusiastic over their two eight- 
year old electrics. They have recom- 
mended them without reservation to 
their associates in the warehouse busi- 
ness and to anyone who is interested 
they will tell the story of what elec- 
trics have done for them. But more 
to the point than what they say is 
what they do. 

Last September they bought an- 
other electric! 



227 



Santa Claus E E 



^ANTA CLAUS is not what he 
^N used to be — not by a bookfull. 






Besides being a plump, merry 



soul of unlimited generosity, he is now 
an electrical engineer and a "whiz" at 
chemistry. 

In a toy shop, on Fifth Avenue, 
where Christmas seems perpetual, a 
round, little face crowned with a 
Dutch bob and a sailor's natty cap 
came just above the level of a long 
table where two electrical express 
trains were speeding along their sep- 
arate routes, intent upon keeping their 
schedules. Two blue eyes followed 
the circhng trains and a chubby 
forefinger was called into service now 
and then to be sure that his mother 
appreciated all the marvels of the 
electric signals at the switches and the 
brightly lighted railroad station. Then 
mother decided that they would better 
be going. Whereupon her young 
son took a firm stand. 
He would either slay 
right there with that 
train, or the train, 
tracks and all, must 
come with him. 

There you have it! 
Three-year-olds crying 
for toys which a few 
yeari:! ago were reser\'ed 
for the scientific experi- 



ments of inventors. It was this situa- 
tion that convinced Santa Claus that 
even the patron saint of Christmas 
was becoming, so to speak, a back 
number. His pre-Christmas mail was 
getting quite beyond him. He got out 
an old text book on physics and began 
thumbing the pages anxiously when he 
kept getting letters like this: 

"Dear Santa, please bring me a 
radio set. I hope it will catch wave 
lengths as much as 800 meters and I 
would like two variable condensers on 
my set." 

Or, "Dear St Nicholas, I want to 
make my dolls' new dresses on an elec- 
tric sewing machine just like Mother's, 
only the size for a little girl like me." 
That was when the old boy got a 
stack of new books on radio and elec- 
trical engineering and chemistry and 
began burning the midnight watt. 
Filling the magic Christmas sleigh 
in this year of grace is 
not a matter of loading 
in dolls and drums 
and gimcracks with the 
confidence that any- 
thing is all right pro- 
vided there is plenty of 
it. Mercy, no! 

The little mothers of 
licalthy young dolls, 
nowadays, think that 




Tlie EJison MontMy 





"WMi" at ChemiMry 



electricity and plenty of lights in their 
dolls' housesarejuslaboul as necessary 
asplentyofventilation. Justbecaiiaea 
house is small, they explain in their 
carefully written Santa Claus letters, 
is no reason why the housekeeper 
doesn't need a little vacuum cleaner 
just the size for a lO x 12 inch rug, and 
an electric hot plate to make doll por- 
ridge is a mighty handy thing. Then 
there must be room for an electric 
washing machine because it is amaz- 
ing how laundry' does pile up with a 
large family. There must also be 
grills and chafing dishes and perco- 
lators, just like Mother uses when she 
entertains her big guests at tea or 
supper. 

Running away to sea may be as fas- 
cinating as ever for boys, but it is los- 
ing in popularity as an experiment 



because they 
ill.' sure to miss aj 
li>t .it home. Boyg'; 
(il ihe present on* 
rushing generation 
amuse ihemsel 
with about all the 
electrical equip- 
ment their fathera^ 
have in their fac 
Inries and office 
buildings. 

If Junior works 
in wood he has the 
saws and drills in 
his workshop at- 
tached to an elec- 
tric motor. If he 
is interested in 
sound experiments, 
he will probably in- 
sist on rigging up 
extensions to the 
telephones until 
nothing less than a telegraphic set of 
his own will save his father from con- 
sequences with the telephone com- 
pany. In fact, his family will 
tell you, the youngster talks in an 
off-hand manner about alternating 
and direct current, rheostats and 
chemical reactions as if they were in- 



I 

I 

I 





a joke he is goiriR 
to have on the high 
school professors 
of physics and 
fhemistry when 
these young r.iiHo 
experts progri's- 
to first year Laiin 
and Freshm.ui 
athletics. 

"Shucks! Thafs 
piel" They will 
lell the instructnr 
when he looks o\ti 
a weighty voiiinn 
and begins to nil 
his class about ihv 
marvels of elec- 
tricity. They have 
been "taming" 
electric motors and 
making them build 
bridges, run toy 
trains, operate saw 

mills or do any other task they set 
them to, ever since St Nick discov- 
ered what a lot of fun was being wasted 
on serious scientists. 

Even the weather btireau has been 
drafted into ser\ice as an electrical 
toy. For the youngster who gets a 
weather bureau outfit for Christmas, 
finding out which way the wind blows is 





toMakiMy Dulli 

in Electric Sewing Mact 

Like Mother'!" 



who play with wireless and make ex- 
periments with sound and light. Elec- 
tric toy engines have to be made part 
for part like the locomotives that carry 
passengers across the country. And a 
len-year-old can not only take his toys 
apart;hecan put them together again. 
For those who are still on Santa 
Claus" mailing lists, electrical effi- 
ciency is as important in play as it Is 
in work. Santa Claus EE hints that 
these youngsters have decided not 
to wait for anybody to invent a new 
electrical toy, if they think of it first. 
After a survey of his most recent 
correspondence, the ruddy chief at 
Christmas headquarters issues a state- 
ment that the only conditions which 
lea^lhese cramp the electrical style of boys and 
presentday girls, now, is that grown-ups do not 
youngsters think of enough ways to use electricity. 
231 



The Fifth Avenue Hospital 



TH E hospital problem of providing 
an "all outside" room arrange- 
ment without aproliibi live waste 
of ground space seems admirably niet 
ill the unusual planning of the new 
Fifth Avenue Hospilal, on Fifth Ave- 
nue at 105th Street. The floors form a 
huge St Andrews cross, each arm of the 
cross being divided by a corridor and, 
opening on this corridor are rooms 
which overlook the open grounds. The 
crossing of the four areas forms a ro- 
lunda-like central space on each floor 
which serves as the administrative 
centre. Here the supervisor has her 



desk and from it she has perfect c 
mand of the four radiating corridors. 
Besides the supervisor's room there is 
a service room, a treatment room and 
a visitors' parlor. A loggia outside the 
reception room overlooks the park. 

The unusual plan of the hospital 
was suggested by Dr Wiley E Wood- 
bury, medical director of the hospital 
and consultant on hospital construc- 
tion. It is the first time such a pld 
has ever been used. Dr Woodbui 
was director of the Hahnemann Hoi 
pital before the consolidation -with t 
Laura Franklin Free Hospital 




The Edison Montkly 



of Central Park. 

Nowhere does 
one see the iisiia! 
hospital white. 
Soft tones of 
French gray, buff 
and tan, with a lit- 
tle blue in the cur- 
tains, are the 
shades used and 
ihe furniture in the 
bedrooms is like 
that seen in a com- 
fortable modern ho- 
tel. Even the op- 
erating rooms are 
in gray. 

The highly de- 
veloped scientific 
departments are all 
Children and the reorganization of on theeighth floorwhichis thedoctors' 




TheGlMiCubir 



I 



these two as the Fifth Av 
pital. 

It has been said that the very 
wealthy and the ver>- poor can always 
be sure of the best in medical treat- 
ment, but that a different condition 
prevails for those who cannot afford 
to pay the high cost of a hospital 
room and who will not accept charity. 
It is for these in between folk that 
the Fifth Avenue Hospital is intended. 
There are no public wards and the 
rooms will be priced according to the 
means of the patient. There are three 
hundred and forty rooms, all private, 
all with lavatories, many with baths 
and all with outside air and light. 

One of the floors, due to the S400,- 
000 gift, is entirely free and there are 
also many endowed rooms and special- 
ized floors, such as the doctors' work- 
ing floor, the maternity floor, the chil- 
dren's floor, the nurses' floor and, on 
the roof, solariums with lovely views 



working floor. Its four units, in the 
four wings are separate, but are in 
close enough relation to be of great 
mutual service. Here one finds the 
surgical wing with its eight operating 
rooms, the x-ray wing, the pathologi- 
cal laboratories and the diagnosis and 
medical wing which has all the newest 
appliances. 

The entire second floor has been 
set aside for use by the Laura Frank- 
lin-Delano Foundation and much free 
work is done here in connection with 
the NewYorkSociety for Prevention of 
Cruelty toChildren and the Heckscher 
Foundation , whose new building occu- 
pies the opposite Fifth Avenue corner. 

There are on this floor, besides the 
usual private rooms for the larger 
children, a small ward for twenty-four 
hour cases and a dining room with 
gayly painted chairs and tables. There 
are rooms laid off in glass cubicles so 
that the small patients while in isola- 



The Ediaon Monttly 



It Only Hi 



tion may see each 
other and not he 
lonely. There is al- 
so a school room a^ 
well as a porch and 
leaching room , 
with teachers as- 
signed by the 
Board of Edui 
tion. A spacious 
open-air play roof 
completes the chil- 
dren's department. 

On the nurses' 
r the bedrooms 
open on a balcony 
which goes almost 
entirely around the 
building and there 
are comfortable 
parlors and rest rooms. On the first 
floor are the nurses' dining rooms, one 
of which is for the student nurses and 
is provided with cafeteria service for 
emergency use. The doctors' dining 
room is also on this floor. 

In going through the hospital one 
sees continual evidence of Edison 
Service which is used to the extent of 
300 kilowatts and 200 horsepower. 
The elevators are of course electric 
and hospital communication is 
through the dial system automatic 
telephone, the telacall, with different 
combinations of musical tone for 
different individuals, and the telauto- 
graph. 

All food for patients, doctors, and 
nurses is prepared in the basement 
kitchens and comes up in electric 
dumbwaiters or in electric food carts. 
The central service room in the base- 
ment where telautograph orders are 
taken from every department is 
flanked by a general storeroom, phar- 




macy, surgical supply room, main 
kitchen with adjoining vegetable 
room, ice cream room, diet kitchen 
under the direction of trained dieti- 
tians, and linen supply department. 
Here. too. is the laundry with its mosL 
up-to-date electric ser\Hce includini 
huge cylinders for ironing linen am 
doctors' and nurses' uniforms. 

Another unusual feature of this, 
hospital is the provision for suites of 
offices and wailing rooms for the at- 
tending physicians. In these offices, 
which are on the ground floor, doctors 
will be able to receive their priN'aie 
patients while remaining within call 
of their patients in the hospital. 

The fact that the hospital has a 
million and a half endowment enables 
it to give 37 per cent of its ser\Hce free. 
There were 4,9tx) subscribers to the 
building fund. The total cost wa 
$3,500,000 and the remaining $t ,000, 
000 still neederl will Iw raised by pri- 
vate subscription. 



t. ' 

i 




Elevator Improvements 

THE average bustling business scrapers were built, say those dating 

man these days, usually takes back some twenty years, the hydrau- 

elevators as much for granted as lie elevator had been brought to a 

he does the side-walks upon which he greater degree of perfection than that 

walks. Vet on thought he will realize achieved by the early electric elevator. 

ihat a real, thorough -going, practical Accordingly in tall buildings of that 



elevator, is a thing of comparatively 
recent date, for it was the develop- 
ment of the elevator, together with 
the invention of steel construction, 



period, where it was desired to a 
the most rapid vertical travel, !■ 
draulic elevators were selected 
spite of the fact that these required 



which made New York's sky-scrapers elaborate and costly mechanism for 



possible. And still more remarkable 
during the short time that we have 
had elevators with us, there has been 
an almost complete revolution in 
their construriion and management. 
It has been proved beyond doubt 
that back in the time of Nero, eleva- 
tors or mechanical lifts of a primitive 
sort were employed in Roman palaces; 
and from that time to our own, hoist- 
ing devices of various sorts have had 
their brief glory: 
but before the work 
of Elisha Otis, the 
elevator was hard- 
ly anything ninrt- 
than a mechanic, il 
curiosity, FivM 
this inventor im- 
ployed a steam en- 
gine, then a In- 
draulic arrant^i'- 
menl, making u~v 
of steam punip>, 
and then, with tht 
advent of the elec- 
tric motor, came 
the electric ele- 

^'et at the tinn.- 
when the older sk\- 



their operation. Logically, the ele- 
vator operated by electric motor was 
the ideal thing. It only remained to 
make it as good in practice as it was in 
theory. This is the revolution that 
has gone on in elevator- ma king during 
the past decade, and especially within 
the past five years, so that now when 
anew building of high grade is erected, 
the electric and not the hydraulic 
has become the standard vehicle for 




Tke Edison Montlily 



I 



smooth and speedy vertical travel. 

As far as the average man, howe\'er, 
is concerned, this has all gone on be- 
hind the scenes as it were, so that the 
daily visitor to large buildings hardly 
realizes the changes that have been 
made. He comes instead to expect a 
high order of elevator service, just as 
he assumes an adequate amount of 
light or heat. 

Technically speaking, the perfec- 
tion of the modern electric elevator de- 
pends upon the development of what 
is called the "traction type." Origi- 
nally an electric elevator was con- 
trolled by a rope wound about a drum, 
which in turn was rotated by an elec- 
tric motor. With such a mechanical 
basis, it was impossible to obtain 
either the highest speeds, or the great 
heights needed in the tallest buildings. 
Between this arrangement and the 
latest traction equipment, several in- 
termediate steps intervene, which, 
however, need not be 
as each proved to 
be merely a stage 
in the production 
of the latest high- 
speed, electric trac- 
tion elevator. The 
fundamental point 
of this is a slow- 
speed motor, either 
mounted on, or 
geared to, the driv- 
ing sheave of the 
car, movement of 
the ropes being se- 
cured by traction 
only — a method in- 
finitely superior in 
its simplicity, and 
at the same time 
affording a much 




greater degree of safety in travel. 

Besides these technical advantages, 
there are other factors that especially 
recommend the traction type ele\-ator 
to the building owner. The small 
amount of operating machiner>' re- 
quired is placed immediately over the 
elevator shaft, usually in a pent-house 
on the roof . This not only saves space 
in the valuable part of the building 
proper, but also halves the amount of 
cable needed, where an elevator is op- 
erated by machinery in the basement. 

When one speaks of the increased 
speed possible with the new traction 
elevator, a very definite and practical 
thing is meant. There is a theoretical 
or experimental speed of an elevator, 
involving the rise of so many feet in so 
many minutes, and as far as this rated 
speed is concerned, the hydraulic ele- 
vator can still make a fair showing. 
Then there is the actual speed as 
proved in daily usage under the condi- 
tions found in large ofince-buildings, a 



I 





TKe EJiaon Montkly 



speed which is dependent not so much 
on the lifting power of the equipment, 
as the ease, quickness, and accuracy 
with which stops and starts can be 




h Providci the Valts«e SIcpi 
Ustd in Ihr Multi-Valt«Kf Syitcra of CootrDi— Emi- 
nant Bank HuUdina 

made. This is spoken of by elevator- 
engineers as facility in acceleration 
and retardation, and includes the 
making of accurate landings, particu- 
lars in which the electric definitely ex- 
cels all other types. 

In this connection, a recent im- 
provement has been made, the new 
micro-levelling attachment now in- 
cluded in the latest electric elevators. 
This is a device by means of which an 
electric elevator can be brought auto- 
matically to accurate floor-stops; it 
depends upon an additional smaller 
motor mounted on the same shaft 
with the larger driving apparatus. A 
certain distance above and below each 
floor is made a special zone, controlled 
by the micro-levelling device, so that 
once the operator throws his lever on 
approaching the landing, the mechan- 
ical leveller does the rest, not only 
bringing the car to an accurate stop, 



but also holding il in that position. 

That such an arrangement as this is 
of infinite value in high-grade elevator 
operating is self-evident. Where office 
buildings or department stores are 
concerned, it increases speed by assur- 
ing accurate landings at the first try. 
and at the same time, does away with 
possible hazard of passengers' tripping 
where an inaccurate landing is made. 
In commercial establishments, it is of 
equal though different service, in 
trucking of goods on and off a freight 
elevator. The accuracy of landing ob- 
tainable with this device is almost un- 
believable, a slightly wider variation 
(an eighth of an inch) being allowed, 
however, in the case of the fastest pas- 
senger cars. 

In a different department of ele- 
vator engineering is the other impor- 
tant recent improvement represented 
by the new multi-voltage control sys- 
tem now being introduced into New- 
York in the new elevators lateK' 
placed in the Emigrant Bank Build- 
ing, an installation which embodies in 
everj'waythever\" last word in present 
day elevator efficiency, .\s most read- 
ers of The Edison Monthly know, 
the acceleration of an electric elevator 
is produced by cutting out electrical 
resistance, so that a gradually in- 
creased amount ol power is brought to 
bear upon the lifting apparatus. With 
the new multi-voltage system, two 
compensating sets are used, floating 
upon the 240 volt power circuit; these 
are constructed so that voltages of 60. 
120. 180 and 240 are available for op- 
erating purposes, a much smaller 
amount of resistance being employed 
in acceleration and retardation. Pos- 
sibilities o( greater speed, smoother 
running, and decreased current con- 



Tke Edison Monttl: 



sumption are suggested by this new 
arrangement. 

It must not be forgotten that tech- 
nical points such as these are valuable 
not because they are technical, but 
because they have definite practical 
consequences in building maintenance. 
For instance, the elimination of the 
bulky hydraulic elevator equipment 
in favor of the electric motor supplied 
from the central station saves space 
within the building and does away 
with any necessity for high-pressure 
steam machinery on the premises, and 
steam-pumps for elevator service are 
notoriously wasteful of coal. Where 
greater going-speed is obtained — in- 
cluding greater facility in starting and 
stopping — the passenger-efficiency of 
elevator equipment is greatly en- 
hanced, since the same number of 
cars of the better type, will handle a 
greater number of passengers. In 
some buildings, where otherwise new 
shafts would have to be constructed to 
meet the demands for better elevator 
service, extensive reconstruction has 
been avoided and increased elevator 
service obtained, merely by substi- 
tuting the new electric for the old hy- 
draulic equipment. While this change 
embodies a considerable item of ex- 
pense, it is infinitely more practical 
and less expensive than undergoing ex- 
tensive building reconstruction. 

That the advantages of the newer 
type of electric elevators are actual 
and not theoretical is shown by the 
large number of buildings which have 
undertaken this change over of their 
elevator service, especially within the 
last two years. More than two hun- 
dred large buildings have ordered this 
form of renovation, the number of 
cars concerned being between five and 



six hundred. The 200 structures men- 
tioned include 53 office buildings, 19 
apartment houses, 17 hotels, loi mer- 
cantile establishments, the others be- 
ing listed as miscellaneous. In all of 
the instances named, the renovation 
has included the elimination of high 
pressure steam equipment, and the 
substitution for it of electric current 
from the mains of The New York 
Edison Company. 

Electric Taxicabs 

A fleet of electric taxicabs, the 
first of their kind in the country, 
have just been placed in service in 
New York. Operated by the Elec- 
trotaxi Corporation of 1292 Madi- 
son Avenue, and garaged at the 
Electric Garage, 62nd Street and 
Central Park West, the cars serve 
the theatre district, the railroad 
terminals and the uptown residential 
section . 

There are a number of factors about 
the electric taxicabs which augur w^ell 
for their success in New York. From 
the standpoint of the passenger there 
is the element of safety and the ease 
with which they can be handled in 
heavy traffic. This ease of handling 
will also make for quick trips, for an 
electric will be well on its way while 
the chaufi'eur of a gasoline taxi is still 
shifting his gears. Their cleanliness too 
must not be overlooked. From the 
standpoint of the operator there is the 
matter of economy. Electric taxis are 
not only economical in operation, but 
have lower insurance costs and give 
many years of service. It is not too 
much to predict that these electric 
taxicabs will be in just as good operat- 
ing condition ten years from now as 
they are today. 



238 



Xke Ediaon Montkly 



The ease and safety with which they 
can be driven in Iraflic is of particular 
importance, especially in a city ihe 
size of New York, where traffic is ex- 
tremely heavy. A short wheel base 
and a control by means of a hand op- 
erated lever, together with qirick. 
smooth acceleration, render the car 
exceptionally easy to handle. 




streets. As a verification of the safely 
of these cars, the insurance C 
give a twenty-five per cent reduction 
in the premiums for liability 
ance. Premiums for fire and collision 
are correspondingly low. 

It is the intention of the Electro- 
taxi Corporation to work the cabs in 
double shifts, keeping them on the 




They are attractive looking cars, 
conservative and well equipped 
throughout. The car is of the stand- 
ard taxi design, is trimmed in hand- 
buffed leather and has lai^ head- 
lights, disc wheels, and a bumper both 
in the front and the rear. They 
were built by the Rauch and Lang 
Company. 

The use of these electric taxis points 
toward the elimination of a great deal 
of the danger prevalent on our city 



streets from eighteen to twenty hours 
a day. Two sets of batteries are to be 
used and the battery compartments 
are specially designed for rapid chang- 
ing, so that an exhausted battery may 
be removed and a fresh one substi- 
tuted in less than ten minutes. By 
thus changing the battery, the cars 
will have an operating radius of ap- 
proximately one hundred and twenty 
miles, and a maximum speed of twen- 
ty-five miles an hour. 



The New Hub Cap 



THERE is just one black mark on 
the otherwise perfect record of 
the two eight-year-old electric 
trucks in the service of the Atlas Stor- 
age Warehouse Company. It is in the 
matter of repairs and replacements — 
the company has had to expend for 
repairs and replacements on these two 
trucks during the eight years they 
have been in service the price of one 
hub cap — that is all. Electric mo- 
tors, controlling equipment, and even 
the batteries, with the exception of a 
few separators in some of the cells, are 
just as they were the day the trucks 
went into serv-ice in March, 1915. All 
of which accounts for the enthusiasm 
with which Mr Benjamin Blum, the 
president, and Mr J D Kreiger, the 
manager of the Atlas Company, en- 
dorse electric trucks whenever anyone 
seeks their opinions. Incidentally it 
also explains why, when it became 
necessary to increase the Atlas fleet, 
another electric was purchased. 

Today the van equipment of the At- 
las Company consists of the two orig- 
inal two- ton G M C trucks and a new 
two-ton Commercial truck which was 
installed on September 10. Their 
work in the general handling of house- 
hold goods is typical of that of any 
storage warehouse. 

The warehouse is located at 157 
West 124th Street but the territory 
covered by the v^ns is by no means 
limited to Harlem or even to the 
Greater City. In fact, some of the 
suburban runs are recorded among the 
noteworthy achievements of these 
vehicles. Ask anyone of the Atlas or- 
ganization about "miles per charge'* or 



work on hills and they will tell you 
about the trip to Nutley or Montclair, 
New Jersey, or the one to Hartsdale in 
Westchester County, or perhaps the 
Plandome, Long Island , trip. On all of 
these trips the vans maintained their 
high mileage records and on all of 
them they negotiated hard hills. On 
the Nutley trip the two G M C trucks 
covered fifty- two miles without a 
boost and besides the ordinary hills of 
New Jersey climbed the heavy grade 
from the Weehawken ferry. The 
Montclair trip on one day was fol- 
lowed by the trip to Hartsdale the 
next day, the vans, loaded with fur- 
niture, remaining in the warehouse 
over night where they were recharged. 
This trip was not so much a matter of 
mileage as of hill climbing ability in 
proof of which, William Fitzpatrick, 
the chauff^eur, tells about the danger- 
ous Breakneck Hill in Scarsdale. 

On the Westchester Hills 

**We had to cross this hill to get 
from White Plains road to Central 
Avenue and I'll say they did not make 
any mistake when they named it. I 
was about half way over when a woman 
told me I better get oflf before I got 
smashed. She told me about other ac- 
cidents on the hill, but I knew my 
brakes were right and that the electric 
could make it so I went ahead." 

The Plandome trip, a distance of 
forty-six miles, was accomplished in 
five hours and forty-five minutes, the 
vans leaving Harlem at 7 A M and 
getting back to the warehouse at 
twelve forty-five. This includes the 
time spent at Plandome in loading. 



240 



Xlie Edison Mon' 



Anyone who has driven an automobile 
on the north shore of Long Island 
knows the long hea\'y grades which 
lead into the different villages. The 
Manhasset Hill is particularly diffi- 
cult, not only because of the heavy 
grade and the distance but because of 
the cur\-es. The Douglaston Hill is 
not much belter. The Atlas vans, one 
of the old G M C's and the new Com- 
mercial truck both negotiated these 
hills without trouble and the old van 
kept right up with the new one for the 
whole distance. 

Use Electric Trucks I 
Why? Ask All Owners 
Selected from over six thousand 
suggestions in the slogan contest held 
by the Electric Motor Truck Associa- 
tion, that submitted by Mr J H Ander- 




son of III Broadway has been ad- 
judged the winner of the $500 prize. 
The winning slogan consists of seven 
words, "Use Electric Trucks— Why ? 
Ask All Owners," which brings the 
rate per word for Mr Anderson's lit- 
erary effort to a trifle over S71.42. 
Mr Anderson is connected with the 
Ebling Weaver Automobile Supply 
Corporation . 

The second prize of ^200 went to 
Mr J H VanHarlingen of 175 Fifth 
Avenue, and the third prize, Sioo, 
was won by Mr William B Nesbitt of 
285 West io8th Street. In addition to 
the three major prizes there were forty 
awards of $5 each. 

The contest closed on October 14 
and it required nearly four weeks for 
the judges to pass upon the six thou- 
sand suggestions that were received 
from ever>' part of the country. 




nt— a Hub Cop 



Envelopes 



LETTERS in the old days, wheth- 
er declarations of love, war, 
^ peace, or the mere 

messages of trade all had 
the appearance o( im- 
portant documents of 
state, wrapped as they 
were, in parchment care- 
fully folded, tied with a 
red tape and sealed with 
heavy wax. In the haste 
and hurry of today's 
efficiency it is hard to 
picture what would hap- 
pen if letters now had to 
receive similar treatment, bef< 
entrusted to the post. 

The necessity for a wrappe 



e being 



which lo enclose letters was long felt 1 
but it was not until about 1845 that I 
the first envelope ap- 
peared. It met with 
instant popularity and 
soon the manufacture of j 
envelopes became an im- 
portant industry. Of 
course there was no ma- 
chinery in this countr>- 
for folding envelopes, 
and as all work was done I 
by hand, it was crude 
and costly. Ten years 
later, young Henry C 
Berlin, one of the pioneer manufactur- 
ers of envelopes in \ew Vork. went to 
Europe and brought back to thir,roun- 



The Mission of the 
Envelope 



rd ramily. 




jison MontKly 



try a machine to do 
the folding. Wilh 
new manufacturing 
methods the com- 
pany became well 
established and to- 
day the firm of 
Berlin and Jones, 
who occupy a 
seven-story build- 
ing at 547 West 27th 
Street, is one of the 
largest manufac- 
turers in the coun- 
try. The machin- 
ery of Henry Ber- 
lin has long since 
given way to mod- 
ern electrically op- 
erated equipment, 
and in the present factory the motor 
plays just as important a part as 
the machines themselves. An electrical 
installation of more than two hun- 
dred horse-power is supplied from the 
lines of The New York Edison 
Company. 

The chief product of this firm for 
many years has been envelopes of 
every kind but they also do printing 
and make commercial and social 
I stationery as well as the boxes in 
which pajier is sold. They are in the 
true sense dealers in "papetries." 
Mountains of paper in the unfinished 
I state are shipped to them from the 
[ mills of Massachusetts. Almost one 
J hundred and fifty tons are used each 
I month and the finished products are 
f shipped to every part of the coun- 
try. All paper comes in large 
I plain sheets and is stored upon shelves 
L which present a gayly colorful ap- 
ipearance with stacks upon stacks 
lof paper every hue of the rainbow. 




Berlin and Jones realizing that "The 
pen is mightier than the sword" have 
made it their business to furnish the 
necessary munition for those who use 
this great weapon. 

In the making of their envelopes 
and stationery seventy-five to one 
hundred grades of paper are used, 
each according to the quality desired 
and the purpose for which the en- 
velopeis intended. The finer grades of 
closely woven paper are made from 
rags treated with sulphite while the 
commercial grades are made from 
wood pulp. A fine linen finish, smooth 
kid, or hard glazed vellum, laid or 
parchment finish is easily given to the 
paper. Heavy envelopes are made 
from jute, hemp, manila or brown 
craft paper. 

The envelopes which Berlin and 
Jones make are of great variety and 
style. The smallest are of LiUiputian 
dimensions while the largest may 
assume gigantic proportions. Some 



Xne Edieon Mon^ 



have open ends, some open sides, 
some are window envelopes with 
transparent oiled paper for revealing 
the address from within; while some 
are gummed and others of commercial 
type fasten by cords and clasps or 
little metal catches. 

Making envelopes is a compara- 
tively simple process and varies ac- 
cording to the manifold uses to which 
the containers are to be put. First 
the paper is cut out by a die, the pat- 
tern of which is chosen from at least 
three thousand styles. The die is 
placed on the stack of paper and under 
great pressure cuts four or five hun- 
dred sheets in one stroke. The blanks 
thus cut are fed into the motor-driven 
rotarj- or plunger folding machines, 
which fold them one by one and gum 
the flaps. They are then carried to 
the folding box where agile little 
mechanical fingers press down all the 



of paper and are ready for boxM 
ing. These machines are very ef-^ 
ficient, the larger ones making . 
many as eighty to one hundred thou-J 
sand envelopes a day. The fact thaq 
each one has its individual motor r 
one horse-power makes it adjustable ti 
the varying speeds required for dif<a 
ferent qualities of paper. 

The uses for envelopes are legionJ 
The>' are used for holding everythin 
from hair nets to securities, theatr 
tickets, drugs, circulars, file materia^ 
for file cabinets, articles sold i 
stores; and generally for concealind 
anything and ever>'ihing. Such en-j 
velopes as those for securities and thq 
special kinds must be made by hand] 
in the Hand Fold Department, 
velopes seem to become associatedl 
with the particular use for which they ■ 
are employed. They have theirl 
caste and class, their fashion and theira 



ures and faithful ser\'anls of every I 
race and creed. 



flaps with the exception of the top style, but still remain universal fig-| 
one. The gum on the top flap is dried 
as the envelopes are carried in a snug 
little wire pocket 
along an endless 
chain. When the 
chain is filled with 
envelopes it gives 
the appearance of 
a monster caterpil- 
lar crawling along. 
The machine auto- 
matically counts 
each finished envel- 



ope ; 



i deliv 



ered and deposits 
them in bunches of 
twelve, twenty- 
four or any num- 
ber. After this 
they are banded 
with narrow strips 




Five Folding Macbints 



>injfv^v"niv1<.-;^ 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 




February 1922 



The New York Hdison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York 



The Edison Directory 

and the Edison Showrooms 



TH 
a, 



"M^E very great increase in the number of names listed, 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessarj' 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company. It will be sent withotit 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is ptossible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices, it is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and la aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to tree space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final chcMce in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Edison Company 



TECHNOLOG 



The 



EDISON 

Monthly 




NG^H- 



March 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and ijth Street, New York 



The Edison Directory 

and the Exlison Showrooms 

THE very great increase in the number of names listed, 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company. It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Edison Company 



■mMnjsrtJiTirTT 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 




April 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York 



The Edison Directory 

and the Edison Showrooms 

THE vtry great increase in the number of names listed, 
and consequenily the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue il as a separate publication rather than as a deparimenl 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the officea 
of The New York Edison Company. It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose, tts lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and conlractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal cliance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space. 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice ia 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser wilt 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Editon Company 



Mr liii 



EDISON 

Monthly 




May 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York 



The Edison Directory 

and the Edison Showrooms 

THE very great increase in ihe number of names listed, 
and consequently llie broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company. It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in tlie 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with tliose 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purctiase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Edison Company 



TIJW'^^^^"^^^^^^^"^ ■ *■'" 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 




June 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York 



I 



The Edison Directory 

and the Edison Showrooms 

THE very great increase in the nmnl>fr of names liEted, 
and consequently tlie broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company. It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Ediaon Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that thia 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or ^ent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Edison Company 



■mw^^ff 



The ^ 

EDISON 

Monthly 




July 1922 



^ 



The New York Edison Company 

Irring Place and 15th Street New York 



The Edison Directory 

THE very great increase in the number of names listed, 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication ralher than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New Vork Edison Company, It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of th« 
largest possible numberofdealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Edhon Company 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 




August 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York 



i 



The Edison Directory 

THE very great increase in the number of names listed, 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of TuE Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company. It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accirracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no salea 
(other than of incandescent lamps'), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or chaise of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Edison Company 



1 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 




September 1922 




The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York 



4 



The Edison Directory 

THE very great increase in the number of names listedt 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company. It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
land for this service. 

The New York Editon Company 



rmnwnjifruivisKJN 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 




October 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York, 



The Edison Directory 

THE very great increase ia the number of names listed, 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessarj' 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company. It wilt be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers In electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New York Edison Company 



lannuLUi,,'/ i]\\%m 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 




November 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

I rving Place and 1 5th Street, New York. 



The Edison Directory 

THE very great increase In the number of names listed, 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
to issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Edison Monthly. The Directory in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company, It will be sent without 
charge to anyone upon request. 

The Edison Directory is published for the purpose of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical *ork in the 
territory served by this Company. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to every manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase devices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
lai^est possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer y agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in the various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent lamps), nor does it install any kind 
of electrical equipment upon the customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
ehown and demonstrated , and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manufacturer or agent of 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service. 

The New Tork Edison Company 



The 

EDISON 

Monthly 



t 



December 1922 



The New York Edison Company 

Irving Place and 15th Street, New York 



The Edison Directory 

THE very great increase in the number of names listed. 
and consequently the broadened scope and added im- 
portance of The Edison Directory make it necessary 
u.> issue it as a separate publication rather than as a department 
of The Erison Monthly. The Direclnry in its new form 
will be distributed partly by mail and partly through the offices 
of The New York Edison Company Jt will be sent williout 
charge to anyone upon request, 

The Edison Directory is published for the pufTx>se of ren- 
dering the greatest possible assistance to those desiring to use 
Edison Service for any purpose. Its lists include the names of 
dealers in every form of electric appliance, manufacturers or 
their agents, and contractors who do electrical work in the 
territory served by this Comp;iny. So far as is possible, the 
accuracy of each name and address is carefully verified. 

Another object of the Directory is to give to e\ery manufac- 
turer, agent, dealer, and contractor an equal chance with those 
desiring to purchase de\'ices or to have equipment made. 

The Company desires to encourage the establishment of the 
largest possible number of dealers in electrical devices, appliances, 
and incandescent lamps, and of independent electric contractors 
who do satisfactory work at fair prices. It is believed that this 
policy is in keeping with the public interest, and is aided through 
a directory of this nature. 

Each manufacturer or agent has equal right to free space, 
electric current and demonstration in tlie various showrooms 
of the Company, and equal endorsement by the Company's 
representatives when talking with prospective purchasers. The 
Company's representatives are forbidden to recommend any 
particular device as compared with another, and final choice in 
the purchase must rest with the purchaser. 

It might be added that the Company itself makes no sales 
(other than of incandescent tamps), nor docs it install any kind 
of electrical equipmen t upon tJie customer's premises, other than 
directly identified with its service and meter. Appliances are 
shown and demonstrated, and an order from the purchaser will 
be received and transmitted to the manuf.-icturer or agent o( 
the appliance selected, without commission or charge of any 
kind for this service, 

TAi Nfw Tork Edison Company 



District Offices of The New York Edison Company- 
Contract and Inspection Department 



Bro<)rn.M>iuEi 



Broadway District 



If 



at 10 Irving Plact. Dsvid T 
etr; Telephone Stuyvcsant 5600. 
Doanaiciti: ihe Bioadway Diairict mdiides 
tlw Vtnivry south of Christopher and Eiehtb 
SlrecH, w»( of the Bonrety, and Eouih of 
CachinneSirecE. 

Norfolk Street District 
Norfolk Street Offin >t 20 Nuifulk Sireft. L P 
Btndall, Manigeri Telephone. Otch^rd 42C1. 
Boundtriev The Norfolk Street Diatnct in- 
dudci (he territory touth of Eighth Street, 
u»t of and including ihe Bowery, and north 
of and includins Catharine Street. 

Irving Place District 
Office It 10 Irving Place, S F Pahneiioek. 
Manigeti Telephone, Stuyvesant 5600, Ex- 
lenaion 405. Boundirici: The Irving Place 
Diiirici includes the territory between and 
inclotting Eiuhih Street and Twenty-eighth 
Street from tne Eait lo North Riven. 

Forty-second Street District 
•ffice at 124 Wcr 42nd Street, W M Kerr, 
Manager; Teliohone, Bryant 5262. Exien- 
■ion 98. Boundaries: The Potty-iccond Street 
Pi* t net include* the territory north of Twenty- 
(i|hih Street ni and including Fiftyninth 
Street from the East to the Notin Kivcti. 



Eighty-sixth Street District 

iffice at 151 East 86ch Street, H S McGrath, 
Manager; Telephone, Lenox 7780. Boun- 
datier The Eighty-sixth Street Diiirict 
includes the territory north of Fifiy-ninlh 
Street and touih of One Hundred and Tenth 
Street, e»»t of Central Park Wot. 



One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth Street District 
Office at 15 East 125th Street. William J 
Mcata. Manaeer. Telephone, Harlem 4020. 
Boundaries; Tne One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth Street Dittrict indudet the lerriiorv 
bounded by the North River, Fifty-ninth 
Street, Central Parle Wcit, One Hundred knA 
Tai\h Street, Eaai River «i and induJine 
One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Street east of 
St. Nicholas Avenue, and to the aouih lidc of 
One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Stieei we»t of 
St. Nicholas Avenue, 

Bronx (One Hundred and Forty-ninth 
Street District) 

Office at 362 Eaai 149th Street, Edmund R 
Partridge, Manager; Telephone, Mott Haven 
4600, Boundarict: All tetiitot^ lying be- 
tween the Hailem and Bronx River» and be- 
tween One Hundred and Thirty-second Street 
and Eait One Hundied and Seventy-second 
Street, The dividing number between the One 
Hundred and Forty-ninth Street Otfice and ihc 
Tieroont Avenue Office, on all avenues with 
the exception of Third and Park Avenues, ii 
14W. On Third and Park Avenues, however, 
the dividing number is 3199. 

Bronx (Tremont District) 
Office at Tremont and Monterey Avenues, 
Richard GolF. Manager. Tremont Avenue Of- 
fice; Telephone, Tremont (fXJO, Extension 
100. Boundaries: The territory covered by the 
Ticmont Office extends frum approximately 
One Hundred and Seventy-second Street 
north to Yonkers Ciry line; alt territory 
lying between the Harlem River and Two 
Hundred and Twenty-fifth Strtet, and 
ihe Hudson River from Two Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth Street to Yonkcra on ihe West, 
and the Bronx River on the East, indudinx 
Woodlawn, Spuyten Duyvil. Rit'eidale and 



I 




• Genera/ Offices i 
irving Place and Fifteenth Street 

• /ndicAtes 3iancJ\ Offices 



Night and Emrigency Call (Mmhattan): Waikins 3OO0 
Ni^t and Emergency Call (Bronx): Molt Haven 1.300 



^ 



THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 
RBFEBBNCE DEPARTMENT 

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