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Full text of "An Educational History Of The School District of Woodbridge Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey 1666 - 1933"

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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/educationalhistoOOjohn 



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Barron Ave. 
Hidh School 
1928 






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'i^^/cy yy/ J^f y^^At" Ox^/<il 'tc*.ti/ 






AN EPUGATlOMAt HISTOHY OF THE SCHOOL DIST.HICT 

OH 

WOOgB^JDdK TO^m^tll;. ^tlPPLESKX COUNTY . |^ JERSgaT 



J(a« HSKRX r-OVE, PR. B. E0. K. 
SUPERV2SIHG PRINCIPAL OP SCHOOLS 
TOWNSHIP OF WOOD3Rl33aE, K. J. 



^'Sadlcir as SO130 old £»diaevaX Kni(sht 

Qased at the anas he could no longer wield, 

The svord two»handed and tho shining shield 

Suspended In the hall, and full in sight, 

ffhiie eeoret longinss for the loet delist 

Of touitioy or adventure in the field 

Came over him, and tears but half oonoealed 

Treobled and fell upon his be-ird of i^ite, 

So Z behold these boolce upon their ehelf , 

1^ ornaments and anas of otlier days; 

Ktot Kholly useless, though no longer used, 

For they rtjaind me of oy other self 

lounger and stronger* and the pleasant ways 

In vihl<di X walked, nov olouded and oonfused.** 



*Us Books",- Ren27 W. Iionfifellow 



INTHODUOTICW 

Ftv ooBsnunltlee ar« as foz*tunate aa v^oodbrldgt 
la having publlo reoorda datine back to the d^s 
ot their foundations. 

A visitor to thd office of th« Township Olerk In 
Vaa beautiful Mezaorlal Munlolpol Building l<K»ated on 
Vm Main Street of the town» siay have the privilege 
of Inspeotinc tlie anolent records and read for hliaself 
the olsoellany of business that was transacted by the 
inhabitants vi^no, having received due "wrmlns", had 
asseiti>led at one of the regular town laeetings. 

The reoorda appear in several books, one of thso 
dating baok to 1668, This volurae, however, is in a 
veiy dilapidated oondltlon due to m^ sikI nntoh hand- 
ling, but oliiefly from despicable vandalism. It was 
originalljr bound in pigskin of which only one^oSver 
reaeins. The paper is dislntesratlns and the writing 
OB aai^ pages Is faint and scarcely deolphex*able, but 
fortunately, by vote at a town sieetlns, March 14, 1775, 
it was ordered thatt 

"the town book, or one of them to be 
copied by Nathaniel Pitz Handolj^, 
and if he couldn't do then by some* 
body else and have it ready by the 
next town laeetlng In 1776 as it is 
in a Dangerous Situation by reason 
of its being old and Mutch to Peases, * 



ill 



This aiuthenticated copy was made, is in excellent con- 
dition and the original is still extant. Herein one may 
read lists of births, deaths, and marriages; the recorded 
earmarks of the settlers' cattle; rewards offered for 
wolves' heads; controversies over the selection of a town 
minister; the division and description of lands; the ser- 
ious business of securing a schoolmaster; the making of 
highways and bridges; the records of de:ds; the building 
of grist mills; the appointment of Trustees of Free School 
lands; the erection of a meeting house and the selling of 
the poor at public vendue by the overseer of th > poor to 
the highest bidder. 

As the history xmfolds, the evolution of the town 
itself becomes evident in the events portrayed on the ed- 
ucational screen. 

One noticeable feature is the attitude of the voters 
towards expenditures for school purposes. At one time a 
budget of a few thousands for education would almost dis- 
joint the community; wherea^, a little later, a baker's dozqii 
would turn out to vote for and carry a call for hundreds 
of thousands without the least ripple of excitement, Then 
again in more recent years, there came a mighty outpouring 
at school elections that vied with t]ie Presidential elec- 
tions in the number of votes cast. 



The tremendous change in the type and the size of school- 
buildings is well hrou^litout hy the illustrations inter- 
spersed throughout the book as well as in the text itself. 

The effect of limnigration on the township is indicat- 
ed by its bonded indebtedness for buildings and equipment^ 
and also by observation of the change in the type of family 
names appearing in the records. English anu Scotch seemed 
to;predominate in the earliest times; then came a le^/ening 
of Germans and Irish;of Italians and Hungarians, with a 
plentiful sprinkling of other nationalities, wave after 
wave, gradually changing the complexion of the population 
from a fairly homogeneous one to heterogeneous community 
that could scarcely be duplicated anywhere else in the 
Stat^ . • 

Most of the problems of the present Board of Educa- 
tion can be clearly traced to their sources in the light 
of this history. 

The preparation of this work was undertaken in the 
belief that it v/as a worthwhile task to save from oblivion 
the story of the labors of those patriotic men and women 
who in every community, as well as in Woodb ridge, gave , 
and still give, so much of their time and labor in the 
great cause of education, grasping the torch of learning 
from the hands of those who have gone before and passing 

it on t*o those v/ho will never let its flame grow dim. 



Grateful acknowledgment is made to Professors Albert E, 
P. Schaffle and R.B. Gimliffe of the School of Education, 
Rutgers University, for their personal Interest, advice 
and encouragement; also to Dr. Zora Klain, Professor of 
Education of the Nev; Jersey College for Women, Rutgers 
University, for many helpful suggestions. 

The writer also takes this opportunity to thank the 
municipal authorities of vVoodbridge for their permisi ion 
to stuay the old tovm records; Miss Louise Brev/ster of 
the Barron Free Public Library, Woodbridge; Mr. H. A, 
Tappen ex-president of the Board of Education, -i/oodb ridge; 
Mr. E. G, Ensign, Secretary of the Board of Education, 
woodbridge; Mr. Thos. Breraian of the^Woodbridgelndependentj 
Mr. Maxwell Logan, publisher of " Woodbridge independent"- 
Mrs. Irene Shay, Secretary to the Supervising Principal 
of Schools, Yi/oodbridge; Mr. Ray Hancock, Woodbridge; 
Mr. Llev/ellyn iolden. Head of Art Department, V/oodbridge 
High School; the library officials of Rutgers University; 
the Newark Public Library; the Metuchen Library; the New 
Jersey Historical Society; the Rev. Edward Welles, 
Rector of Trinity Episcopal Church, WoodbridgejDr. Millard 
IL. Lowery of the County Dept. of Education for assistance 
given in various ways. 

Especially is he grateful to Miss Alice Robinson of 
the Woodbridge High School Faculty and her able assistant. 
Miss Marie Baumann^of Woodbridge^ for time and labor so 
freely and generously given in the typing of the manuscript. 



TABLE OP CONTENTS 
Introduction Page 

Chapter 

I Beginning of Education In Woodbridge 1 

II The Town Book of Free School of W'ge. 14 

III Early School Masters and Schools 21 

IV Jane Storer's Book & Wood'ge Academy 32 

V The Elm Tree Institute or Morris Acad'y 44 

VI Text Books in Colonial Times and 53 
Legislation for Schools 

VII Other Schools 62 

VIII The New Graded School CO 

IX Other Township Schools .131 

X Private Schools 151 

XI A New Era Begins 157 

XII Centralization 181 

XIII School Building ( Continued) 213 

XIV War-Time Doings and Events 235 

XV School Construction Ends 246 

XVI Over The Peak 298 

XVII Wood'ge Twp, Teachers' Assn. 310 
Bibliography 320 
Appendix 322 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

Barion Ave. High School, 1928» Frontispiece. 

Old Buildings on " Poor Farm "^ — Front and Rear* 10 A ^ 

Woodbridge Academy, 1793« 

Gravestones of Jane Storer-Bloomfield and 

David Bloomfieldo 
Home-made Furniture from Wood'ge Academy, 

"Academy " District School erected 1851, 

(in process of demolition) 
Old Jefferson School erected 1860-1861. 

Elm-Tree Institute or Morris Academyo 

( from a Daguerreotype) 
Elm-Tree Institute-a Dwelling House, 1933. 

Graded School-Old NO.l-erected 1876. 

Class of 1888. 

Old Lafayette School. 

Old Washington School-Six Roads. 

Old Rahway Neck School- ( Carteret ) • 

Old Fairfield School-Fords. 

Old Blazing Star School (Carteret). 

Old Uniontown School-Iselin- One -Room. 

Old Unionjfown School-enlarged to Two rooms. 

Old New Dover School /& i^-''''^"^-^''"-- -''-"-*'--)'-^»''^-'»^t r-Vt-ita^c 14? A 

Old Locust Grove School a..,-; Oid ive.v*/-jjov'-;.-:- 

Old Well and Site of Adrian Institute. 



28 


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34 


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39 


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52 


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79 


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113 A 


135 


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144 


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144 


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147 A ' 


146 


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151 


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178 A 


183 


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191 


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204 


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Old Bicycle Room, Sch, NO. 1-1905, 175 A 

High School Dept. 1898 and of 1899, 

High Sch, Graduating Glasses-1901 and 1932. 

High School Orchestra, 1907. 

Grad. Glass Eighth grade Sch, NO. 1. 1907 

Group of Twp. Teachers, 1910 (Prof. Circle.) 

High School Study Hall, 1911-1912, 

High School Assembly Hall and Students, 1911- '12 " 

Procession of School Children at Breaking of Sod 211 A 

for New High School, 1910, 
Laying of Corner-stone, Barron Ave, High Sbh, ,»10 " 

Board of Education, 1924-1925. 

High School Band Ssma^, 1932, 

High School Transportation System, Sec, 1,1932, 

" " " " Sec. 2. " 

John H. Love, Supo Prin. Schools, 1895-1933, 

Woodhridge Township Schools, 1933, 

Schools 1, ^4, and 4, 

Schools 7, 8, and 9, 

Schools 6 and 12, 

Schools 11, 10 and 2 

School 3, 

School 15, 



259 


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336 


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Appendix* 

Boundaries of Old School District NO, 25 322 

Bo-undaries of old School District NO, 24- 323 

Academy. 

Trustees of Old Strawberry Hill and -union 325 
of Strawberry Hill & Jefferson, .^ . 

Town Superintendents of Schools,»i>.i^ Co.Sm^tJ. 326 

Trustees of old Academy District. 327 

Teachers of the old Academy District, 329 

Teachers of Strawberry Hill District NO, 7 329 

Teachers of Jefferson School District N0,25 329 

Teachers of Woodbridge School District NO, 24 

( Combined 25 and 24,) 329 
List of Schools and Teachers embodied in New 

Township System, Act of 1894, 332 
Trustees of Old School Districts, the 

Whole or parts of v/hich are enclosed 333 
within the present to\vnship» 

Teachers in old School Districts. 335 

Members of School Board, Township System 337 

1894-1933. 

Presidents of Board of Education 339 

District^ Clerks -Township System. 339 

Teachers Wdge, Township Schs, 1894-1933, 340 

School^ Clerks and Secretaries, 354 

Valuations of Schools, 1932-1933. 354 

Bonds Outstanding, 1932-1933, 355 

Extracts from the Report of Supervising 356 

Principal of Schs, 1932-1933, 
Total Enrollments Twp, Schs. 1921-1923. 

to 1932-1933, inclusive, 358 



List of Eighth Grade Graduates. -1907 359 

Group of Township Teachers, -1910 359 

(At maeting of Prof « Circle. ) 
Group In Study Hall- 1911-1912. 360 

(Jlembers of W.H.S. Department, -Old No.1-1901. 360 
Class of 1901. 0ld^S(5hooI^0. I. 360 

Class of 1932-Barron Ave. High ach. 361 362 

Meinh^-- of --.vRh Sch. bandy /f>^^ .__ sgg 



/ 



CHAPTKH I 
BEGINNINO OP EDUCATION IN WOODBHIDaS 

Woodbrid£;e waa one of the tomishlps, the creation 
of idiloh V&& oontenplated In an agreement entered into 
\^ Daniel Pleroo and hie aesoolatea with Carteret, Osdon, 
(UaA v/ateon, Deoetsber XI , 1668. 

This agreement was conflrraed by a deed dated Deo- 
ectber 3, 1667, sud on the »ai3» day, Pierce w»b ooti- 
mlasloned as Deputy-Snrv«^or to rwi ttis boimdary lines 
and lay out tine leJKle to the different aesooi?tea. 

On June 1, 1669, 

*a charter wao granted f^nd 'thankfully 
accepted' whioh erected the tract, said 
to eont'^in six mllee square. Into a town- 
ship to ooaprlee not less than sixty 
fandlies, and by the resolution adopted 
on this day. this nunber was not to be 
exceeded unless by special order of the 
toim. "—1 

In 1663, 

"Woodbi'ldeie had severnl Inproved plantations 
in it ;:ind the country round; Delaplalrs, 
the surveyor gene x' 1, -sras one of tlw 
settler 6 here. ?Ms town olalned more 
privileges than others; was Inoon^orated 
by ohai'ter and had ereoted a oourt house 
and prison. There were here about 120 
fanllles; a large quantity of land in the 
town and for the plantations around many 
thousand acros. "«— 2 

1 Whitei:«iad. Contribution to the Pearly History of 

Perth Anboy and Adjoining 0ountry-p355 

2 &aith«9 History of Nov.- Jersey (Reprint) 

Page 150, Chapter ZX 



*At the ti»e of the trwief er of East ^ex*B9j 
to tho twenty-four proprietors, llAroh 14. 
X66S» Woodbx'id^^e population w&a estlnated 
at 600. «—l 

"The first settlex-a oraae to TToodbrldGe In 
the latter part of the Sumner of 1665. and 
were & portion of the oonpany of Uilrty Eiig- 
11 til peo2^e irtw oarae to New Jersey wlto Oov- 
emor Carteret Inmedlntely e-fter his oocj- 
nleelon was giTen to hia by his brother, Sir 
Cteor^ Carteret, joint proprietor of the 
Province with Lord Berkeley. Woodbrldgo, 
the name of the village and townahip. ..was 
BO called in honor of Reverend John Wood- 
bridge, of Newbury, tees.*— s 

tbB laatter of education received very little atten- 
tion from the early settlers, probably because they vsrere 
intensely occupied in meeting the phyaioal rigors of 
their environnent, 

*What little there is^as in Rew Jersey, accord- 
ing to tiie 0ej»ly records, "srrs Irxfi^cly In the 
h«nc!.s of religious socts and therefc-e wee 
naturally colored by their tsartloul-ir views. " 

We EJay be sure thi^t 'J?oodbrld^?,e was no exception to 

this condition, particularly p.s the QurJkers in 1672 had 

•stabllehed the 

* Shrewsbury cjur.rterly Meeting f»iid In connec- 
tion with It, "Monthly aeetlnii^B vror^ held 
at Shrewsbury, Woodbrldge, or Rahway, and 
Plainf leld. •♦—4 

*ln East New Jersey, during the rule of the 
twenty-four proprietors, T1GS2-1702) a law 
was passed (169^) v^oh showed tlwi In- 

1 History of Middlesex County— Wall-Picker sgiU 
and others— p20 

2 History of v/oodbrldge and Vicinity- Dally— t>6 

3 Woody-Quaker Education In Colony & State of N, J, 

4 Ibid 



fXuence of the New SngXand elenents In 
the population; responsibility for creating 
aohools was placed on the Inhabitants of 
the town." 

In 1696, a new act vas passed whloh stated ths.t: 

*'inier«as thex*t was an act made Aimo Domini 
1693 for the establishing of schools In 
each resiJectlvo town of this Province, by 
experience It is fotcnd inconvenient, ay 

rep.son of the distance of the neighborhood, 
the said act directing no sultoble wc^ 
whereby all the Inhabitants znay have the 
benefit thereof. Be It therefore enacted 
by the Governor, Council and Bepresentatives 
In General Assembly now met and assembled, 
and by the authority of the sane that three 
men bo <^iosen yearly and every year in eaoh 
xHispeotlve toim In this Province to appoint 
and agree with a sohoolmaeter, and the tliree 
men so chosen shall have power to nominate 
and appoint tho most convenient place or 
places where the school shall be kept from 
iiiae to tine, that as near as laay be the 
whole inliabltants laay have the benefits 
thereof."*— 1 

A number of Qoakers were anong the early inhabitants 

of Woodbrldge, they appearing in the old tovm reoorde as 

objecting to paying any part of the quota assessed on 

the people for the Jilniat©r»s salary. Several times ocas*- 

mlttees were appointed by the inhabitants in town meeting 

assembled "to discourse" on this subjoot with thoci. 

"Public education, as such, roooivod very 
little enoourageraent throughout the Colonial 
Period. From 1702 to 1776, educational leg- 
islation was at Its lowest ebb, *♦ 

"By way of entering upon • proper methods for 
the erecting and maintaining of eohools* , 

1 "Learning & Splcer: Original Constitution of 
Hew Jersey 358"— (From woody) 



the asaeslbly m 1761 and 1763 authorized 
lott«ri08 and. during the governor ehlp of 
Williaa Ft*anklin| incorporated the Trustees 
of the Tree Schools of V/oodbrldi^e 1769," 

"At a Council Held at Burlington on Tuesday 
the Slot of Februaiy 1750— Pi^e Bent — 
His Excellency the Oovomor 
The Honorrble-caiarleG Read) 

John Smith ) Eaqulrea 
Siuaaol Brdth; 
Hla r^cellenoy laid befoi*e the Bopi^ a 
DET&ught of a Chnrter Incor^-joratinfr, »The 
?i»uet©©6 of tlie Free Soiiools at sVoodbricUie* 
which had been pafeeented to him for hie 
Approbation, %hioh was r^ef eiTod for 
furtlier consideration, "—l 

"At a CJounoil >ield at Burlington on Monday 
the 15th, I^* 176©-— Present--- 

His Excellency the Governor 

The Honorable--David Osden ) 

Ch&rlcs ilead ) 

Jolm Salth ) S squire 8 

Saiuuel Sinith ) 

rredcriok Snitli) 
1!)m Board i»GBuned the Cons iderp.t Ion of the 
Chai'ter of 'The Trustee e of Free Sohools of 
the Township of V^oodbridse* . Which being 
a^Eln read Par. by Par, and soiae anendments 
Bade therein fbid Council advieed his Excel- 
lency to Cause the Great Seal to be affixed 
thei-^to, "—3 

ThB alnutes of October 10,^ 1683, in the old Town Record 

Bocit, attested by Sai^cl Hoore, Town Clerk, mention anong 

a list of land grants to each individual freeholder v/ithin 

the bounds of Uxe "towne and corporation of Woodbrldge* 

tl» following: 

"towards the naintensnce of a free aooole on 
hundred alters.*-— 5 

1 Hew Jers^ Archive s-Flrst Series-Volume la-Page 1 

2 Ibid 

3 Town Records 



Again* at the some oeeting Oct. 10th it passed lay 

vot« 

•That there ehouia be twelve akers of zaaz^dh 
or ne.idow to tlio gcocIo house Innd the ui>- 
land being elghty-eif^t aJcers vthioh B?Jcee 
til© oomi:>linent of one liundred akera*"— 1 

At a town meeting held Feb. IS, 1700, a ooimittee 
waB appointed '♦to flx'at lay out the land Tor the psrson- 
as* f^nd for the free Bchools"* before any division of land 
in connon ^sbb nsde. 

Th» land Ts-as laid out cjvl is now knwsn as the "Poor 
House Paro. * It 1q located not far from Iselin on the t^ - 
Ic'snd, Sast of the J^enngylvania Railroad. 

Tha survey of the land appears in Rsuidoli^'a oopgr of 
the Town Book, 

On Jvme 28, 1713, a conmltteo oonsistlng of John Kin- 
eey, Jaoes Claj*:8on, Henry Holph and Seial, Ayere was ap- 
pointed 

•to talce spoolal opre of the soool Lpjid in 
tiwit mcner ?.b shiill to thea seem noet advantaeeouB 
for the end it wag lay out for and also to ssree 
with those thst have gott timber out uppon it. "-2 

Si^t years af tearwards, ths tovm jaeetins, 

•passed by voat th^t the inliabitanta of the 
towi iaJteins ihto there oonalderation ye great 
wast yt hath ben cuide of the tii^ber on the 
eohoole Land and yt as yet it h'^s ben allto- 
gothor unprof itr'^lo nf ter ye ra.' tt-op lip.d DGun 

1 Town Heoords 

2 Liber A.-Towne Records 



tboi^iigliljr d«l»atea It vat oonoludttd bo«t to 
hXxm oat the said Z«aiid to b« ioppoved to tbit 
beet advantage for ye uye It vafl deilgned. 

Renear Freeioan and Moeea Bolfe were appointed to 

eee that there was no further traete and to rent out the 

I&nd* At the puhlio town oeetlnsi Usrch 11, 172;$, a 

oofiiDittee was appointed to lease the sohool lands for 

a tera of ten years 

*for the most advantage to the public as 
tlie town ohart-er directe, •♦— S 

and also to eee that the survey of the achool lande ?faB 

iMwperly recorded on th© oounty records and to pay ■Uie 

oost out of the rent. 

At least ii4»10»»0d was received for rent In 1737, 
beoause that aoount was ordered to be jnld "out of ye Bjent 
of ye school Land" to Joseph Congor aooordlng to some 
agreeaent that had been nade. 

As the years went t^, the old town z*eoords Show 

changes In the personnel of the Free S(Aiool Lande ooa*> 

ralttee, mitil In 1755, at a public town meeting It 

"Passed by vote that WHXlam How Seq. , Thonas 
Oath Esq. and Alexander Edsar be a Come tie to 
Inspect ye accounts of ye fonaor G<Maetle for 
the eohool I.and"— S* 

♦"Freeholders Book-Date 1716-1775 a 
True Copy" gives these nades as 
William Heard, Esq.. Thomas C^aoh, Ssq. , 
no doubt the oorreoi fonas. 

Again, in 1760 a new corsalttee was appointed and 

instructed to call the old Conmlttee and report at the 

next aeetlng. 

1 Liber A. -Town Records S Zbid 
3 Ibid 



When ths report waa rcoolved, Mci*. 10, 1761, It 

stated tliat 

»thei»« Is l»31S-llo-ili^ now In Uio Ooo- 
lalttye liandfl beloruclng ^o .y« tovvTi, **— 1 

Another x^^ooi't EiPdis Jinr, 8, 1765 abor;ed & b«lanoa 
on hand of 3^361-10s-<>d sjid interest due }iar, 51, anount- 
Isg to JiV9-17s-Cd. 

In 1V66 tMs amount h^d inore?.Ded to Mr65-5s-3d all 
froia the prof ite of th« sohool Lind. 

A proposition to uee a pert of the sohool land money 
"for ye schooling of our pooz* peoples children*' Tsrae defeat- 
ed tor en over^^^lraing vote, Jiar, 11, 1766, At a towi aeet- 
Ing held Mar. 14 , 1775 tiie Trustees of the Free School 

X«andfi reported t 

Led 

•Cash dus on bonds rj5Q-.5-G 

Rents, & lilt, to 31st. 5?-o*0 
Int. due on ?. 'oond is S'i-XS-ll 
Oaah in li^id Is C2"1C-'C 

Hole n£io\m,t fclOC3-14-ll 

■—2 

IVoa such a i'epoi't, one laay Infer that Uile oomroitiee 

had beoone b very iKportsoit onsi tlie men&ers of vliloh had 

to be selooted with gi»e&t oare; ta*io nust have been <«xt8tand- 

Ins crtiaraotere in tJie taimship nnd known for their bueineee 

aoumwi sjid integrity* 

1 Town Reoox»de 

2 Ibid 



Zt was ordered at this earn* town neetlng that: 

"Tht town laook or on© of then to be copied 
bgr Nathaniel Fltz Randolph & if he ootsldn*t 
do then by eomebodly else & have it ready by 
the next town aeetlng in 1776 as it if in a 
Oangeroue Setuation by reason of its being 
old and aatoh to Peases. "•-l 

This old book, and the oopy that was mp.de are still 
in e:xi8tenoe axA @re the souroes froa whioh these inter- 
esting items have been extracted. 

nothing regarding schools appears again until tha 

annual town meeting Apr. 28, 17Q8, when 

•Abm, Tappen, John Brown, Wm. Martin, laaao 
Ootheal, Szekiel Ayers, Thomas Sd«sar, Jere- 
miah Claz^son, Olarkson Edgpr, Oomelius Ba- 
ker, Henry Marsh Ssqr. , Jojaes Bonney Ssq. , 
and Ebenezcr Ford were chosen Inspectors of 
the Schools*— 2 

Thsy seem to have been charged with the duty of see- 
ing that the money raised for schooling poor childr>en was 
properly administered. 

At the Aimaal Town meeting Apr. d6th, 1789 it was 

voted 

"that the int. of the School land & Oog Tax 
bo apraropriated to the schooling of Poor 
Children. "—3 

Pros Mar. 13, 1776, until Mar. 11, 1783, ther^ are no 

recoi^ds of any meetings. In all pjwbability this vrps dne 

to the confusion of the times caused by the Revolutioxiary 

War. 

1 Town Record 

2 Ibid 

3 Ibid 



six separata school dlstrlots are mentioned In the 

records of Apr. 15, 1807, Inspeotors being appointed as 

follows t 

"Rlcdvird IJarah — Bridgetown 
Wllllaffl Flatt «>->South 3ranoh 
Sseldel Ai/ers ««4!etuohen 
Rloh.o.rd Cutter — Strawberrar Hill 
Josej:^ Freeoan —•Nev Dover 
Randolph Crowell — Donhsia Town 
and all old Inspectors not re*eleoted this 
daj to hold their office," 

It thus seems that a c^bangs In public sentiment had 
taken plcoce regarding the use of the Free School Lr^Jtid 
Monleii since 1766, or perhaps th» nuiaber of poor }yeopX» 
had inox'efised so much thp.t ^elr education was beoonlns 
a public problem which the wise towii<-fathers felt should 
be met. 

In 18^1, the school inspectors had Increased to 
tw9nty«»two • 

The record book of the Trustees of the Free Schools 
shows the amounts paid out by thea to the Inspectors of 
the different school districts. 

In 1636 we find the following Items I 

"Voted— Tliat It shall be the duty of the 
Inspectors of the schools to report to 
the School Coiaolttoe the raejuier In which 
thsy have expended the noney paid to thws 
and what nuraber of Poor Children have re- 
ceived the benefit of It In their due.* 

As foreshadowing the district schools that appeared 

later, each with Its three trustees, the foUowlx^ mln- 



10 



ute on t^e town reoords of May 10, 1843, nay be reads 

"Yotdd that we reooniaend to our next Leg- 
islature the propriety of altering the 
present law, so as eaoh district ehall eleot 
there ovn Znepeotors of 3ohoola....(m the 
first Monday in April, and make there re« 
poirt at the following Town Kteeting. " 

0enni8 Mav?l>ey signs the reoord as Town Cleric* 

For laany years the X>og Tax money wae paid over to the 

Trustees of the Free School Lands for the eduoation of our 

children. 

In 1809 it was voted fey the people: 

*That the Trustees of the school land Imlld 
a house and Bam and such other ioprovenents 
as they nay thinic neces8p,ry for the good of 
said land; to be rented as they may think 
proper with giving the Township the refusal 
for the poor." 

It was voted at a aeetlng held Apr. 8, lailj 

*That in futtu'e no nore tl^an six dollars be 
applied to eaoh and every school for the 
sohoollnG of poor children until otherwise 
ordered. " 

C^e ni^t infer from this item of the town alnutes 
that better, or nsore important uses for the interest on 
the Free School Land investments were being discovered than 
applying it to the eduoation of poor children. 

In 1821 it was voted: 

♦•That the Trustees of F*roe School land be 
i^thorized to rent the sane to the ovez^ 
seers of the poor for the Annual Hent of 
1150. •• 




/O/} 



^yaTi. ^-<3.-r-7yf 



3/a^a —'T^ea.f -j/vet*/^ 



^■rec fed 



/S^OQ 




yoar' /Z^^^''/ 2/i^& /'rff/^t-^/'d.^ 

/s re etc a/ /s"a^ 



u 



This i« the first nentlon In the totm records of the 
ataount of rent fron the Free School Land. A few ye»re la- 
ter It Is reoordedt 

«tiifit the state School fund be rmld to the . 
Trustees of tl»i Free School Land and be 
paid by tlieia to the Trustees of each dis- 
trict in proportion to the nuaber of poor 
children in each dl strict •■ 

The balance of aoni^ In the hands of the Trustees of 

Free School Lands, according to their report April 1S65, and 

Invested in bond and siortgaee was the goodly sum of 34SOO, 



12 



CHAPTER I 
Smmax^ 

mxmiium of sducatioh 

IN WOOOBHipaE 

Woodbrids* vas f otmded in 1669 and waa named after 
thB Reverend John vvoodbrldge of Newbiiry, ICaeeaohitsettB. 

He8pon«lbility for oreatln^s, schools was placed on 
tb» Inhabitants. 

In 1695 an act was passed anthorlalng the ehooslng 
of three shhi eadti year in each town In the Province of 
Nev Jersey to noninate a schooloaster and appoint a 
plaoe for a school. Qualcers In the town ohjeoted to be- 
ing assessed to pay the oinisteris salax^. 

The Trustees of the Free Schools of Woodbrldge were 
incorporated in 1769 under the Governorship of V«'illia»i 
Fx%nklin. In 1683 one hundred acres of land were set 
apart towards the oalntenance of a free school. In 1734 
the school lands were leased for a tern of ten yenra, 
March 11, 1766, an attempt was nade to divert a part of 
the school land laoney to another channel but failed. 

The Town Record Booi:, because of its worn condition, 
was ordered to be recopied. 

In 1788 school inspectors were appointed whose chief 
duty was to see that t^e funds assigned to each district 
school were properly disbursed. 



IS 



School Districts with thr^e trustees to »a<A <ll9* 
ti»lot foreshadowed In ntlnutes of town moetlne May 10, 1845. 

Free Se^ol I^and property vras Inprovod In 1309 and 
In 16SX was authorised to be rented to the overseers of the 
poor as the township "Poor Pana,* 

The Trustees of the Free School Lands were nede oast- 
odlans of the State Sohool Funds end instructed how to dis- 
tribute them. 



14 



OHAPTKR II 
TKE TOWN BOOK OF PHKK SCHOOL OP W00DB:1IDGE 
AprU 84, 1778 
This book, wiilQh wat ooaoenoed In 1778, was In ac- 
tual uea until F»b. 1, 19S7. It oeasurot about eigbi 
inehea h^ twelve inches 1^ on© and a half inches, being 
strangly bound in pasteboard with pi^s&la covering and 
is in excellent condition. As supnlenentary to the Olde 
Towae Records, it is eaitreooly intoreatlng. At the pre- 
sent time, it is in the possession of the secretni^ of 
the Free School Lnnde. Inscribed on the inside of the 
front cover may be readi 

"the Town Book of Fi^e School of Wood- 
bridge, Apr, 25, 1778. An account of 
the Money now in Bonds, Bills, Hotes & 
Cash in hand and Rents Due A what the 
Land Leases for pp years and Hacies of 
Trustees & when Chosen etc. etc.** 

On Page One we find in excellent handwriting: 

"Deed of the Free School^land Dec, 11th, 1701. 
Then laid out tyr us here under named. One 
Hundred Acres of upland which was granted 
to the Town of Woodbridge by the Proprietors 
of Hew Jersey for a free School, Beginning 
at a Kaple Tree (etc. ) In the afore- 
said land there is allowance for a Highway 
if there be occasion for it. 

Laid out and ordered to be record- )Saaael ZMmnis 
ed in t^ie Town Book by us JSaaaiel Hale 

Jonathan DunhaB 
John Biahop 
John Bloocifield 
Thocas Pike 

The first records are under date Mar. 13, 1701, but 
on Biar. 83, 170S, the Trustees m% again and the question 



u 



wa0 ralaed as to y&ay no records api^eared preylous to 1701 
*agre9able to the direction of the Charter*. Dootor Blooa^ 
field, (me of the first Trustees tmder the oharter, then 
Bad9 the states^nt tliat althoizgh he was not responsible 
for keeping tbs rooords, he had for his ovn eatisfaotion 
made note of the m»eting8 that he had attended, and offered 
to lay thea before the trudteee if the^r wished him to do 

The Board expressed ite willingness to hear the x»e» 
oords of transactions and they were ordex^d to be i^oorded. 

The following is the opening of the good Doctor's 

note St 

■Doctor Blocasif ield* B History of the prooeed- 
inss of tho first incorporated Board of 
Trustees, Woodbridge July S6thy 1769. The 
Trustees of the IVee Sohool land of vrood* 
bridge aet this day at Joseph Shotwell*s, 
present— i^ohn Moores and Hathaniol Heard, 
Seqrs. ; Benjanln Thomal, looses Blooofield, 
Joseph Shotwell, Robert Clerkson, •• oto. 

The following interesting items have been selected 

from the ninutes for the reason that tiuqr are more olose* 

ly connected than others with the exoez*pts fx*om the Towne 

Records of the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Woodbridge 

previously given or appearing in following chapters 3 

*June 4, 1793. Application was laade to 
the Trustees for permission to take Tixiw» 
her off the Sohool«land for the I^E^ane of 
an Aooadamy to be erected in Woodbrldge** 
it was Granted." 



u 



April 22, 1707: 

"Agreed not to pay laoro than $12 p9r Quar- 
t«p for eohoolli5G poor cshildron. " 

Ap«ni 6, 1805: 

"Reoelved of tale Kelloy the Dog Taoka 

"At a meeting of tbt Trustees of the free 
School lai^ Apr. 8. 16d4 It vas unsnimoa«» 
ly re solved tlxat the Treasurer pay to eaeh 
school in the Township for the use of the 
poor children Ten Dollars provided there 
should h9 school kept in each house and 
children of poor persons Schooled to that 
anount to be certified t^ the Inspectors 
and that hs shall in no case exceed that 

MOB** 

June 22d, 1836 this amount was increased to $20. 

*to he paid on the order of the inspeotora." 

•At a meeting of the Trustees of the Free 
Schools of the Township of Woodbridge at tAm 
house of Qfeorge Hollietcr on Thursday the 
13th April 1643 it was voted 'That the fif- 
teen dollars appropriated to school district 
No. 7 nay be applied to the paynent of the 
debt for building the eohooliiouse in that dis- 
trict. • " 

Oeorge Hollister kept the torn inn and his house was 

often the meeting place for the Freeholders and Inhabitants 

at their annual town meetings as well as for the meetings 

of the Trustees of the rrea Schools. 

"Rahway. June 8th, 1845 at a Sleeting of the 
board of Trustees at Stewart Crowe lis at this 
date— Voted— v/e appropriate twelve Dollars 
for the use of each school in this Township 
for the Present and that we Fay a I«ike sum to 
the School of Blacks in District No. 1 if the 
Children belong to this Township.* 



17 



W« have bore the first intloation thf..t az^y atten- 
tion Was being paid to the education of colored ohlld* 
ren and it is to be noted also that a sepctrate school 
«aa maintained for thes* 

Apr« 9, 1860 it was voted: 

•that each school District oust ^ye In- 
struction 1fb3cee quarters in & year in or- 
der to Receive their ftall amount of school 
raoney from the School Land fund," 

Under dnte Mar. 13, 1082 the following dlstriota are 

listed on the minutes I 

Ko. 19-I<oouBt Qrove. otw-half District 

SO-Waahington. one district 

Sl«Rahffay Heck ** • 

22-31azlag Star » * 

23-0niont6wn ^ * 

24-WooaJa»idse • S * 

26->Fairf ield Union, ..... 1 " 

16-Lafayette.,* * • 

12->New Dover f * 

FortQr dollars was appropi^iated to each full district- 
others in propox^ion. 

In 1887, each full district received $100. 

Haroh 24, 1094, laarked an Isportant change in the die- 

tribution of these aonj^e for it was voted: 

•That the Treasurer of the Board pay all 
Boneiys to tJie Collector of ^oodbriasQ 

Township, N. J. that are appropriated to 
schools. ■ 

Also at the saoe neetln^^t 

•That the Treasurer of the board pay all 
Btoneys at present in hie hand over One 
Hundred Dollars to the Township Oolleotor 
to the credit of the Board of Education.' 



la 



Ber« we have a direct result of the School La« of 

1094 making the lilies of the Townships the school district 

lines. This Is also the first appeai^anoe of the tern, 

•Boai^ of Sduoatlon* In eaiy of the town records. 

In I89d*$600 vos paid to the schools 
1899*1500 vas paid 
1901*-j400 was paid with the roooE>» 
mendatlon th^^t It be used 

for trajistxjx^atlon T^urposea. 
1902-5400 
1903-|500 

1905-v^400 "to Custodians of School fund" 
1907-11000 to Collector « ♦• 
1910-3700 to Custodian •• » 
1911-51000 to Custodian * • 

The Corporate Sea^n at present used, was adopted March 
2, 1903 and readej *The Trustees of the Pr^e Schools of 
the Town of Woodbrldge 1769." 

Aja»ll 16, 1914: 

"Hoved ft Carried that the Trustees r«*ooeed 
to Purchaee five certain lots at Iselln ad- 
joining the school property (Ko. 6) for the 
use of the Board of Education*" 

At the next meeting Sept. 10th saae yepjr it was re- 
ported that throe lots had been purchased. It was also 
▼oted to turn over to the Board the large araount of ^15000. 

At the Keeting of Nov. U, 1920 it was: 

"Voted to turn over s?8000 In cash— $2850 
of Liberty Bonds their face value," 

At the next meeting of t>h9 Trustees held Dec. 27, the 

l?st board of siale trustees of the Free School Fund passed 

out of office and a new ©pooh In the raanagwaent of the fund 



19 



was opened by the Induotion itxto of floe of tktie group of wo* 

mmn vho had been elected at tl:® Pall elections in NoveEtber. 

In all pwsb&billty tlie Board of Trustees of the Free 

SohooX Fund in the futox^e will be oostposed entirely of wo« 

Ben* Zn no way, Jttdgine by their able oann^nent of the 

bueinase of the Free Sohools up to the present, have they 

•hoim theaeelves in the elit^teet degree inferior to the 

§%9rtmr sex* 

lAst Board of Uale First Board of ffosen 
Trustees Trustees 

1930 1921 

Jonas Ooddington Siarguerite Fit is Handoli:ih CM. 

E, C. aiai0» U» Frances KcCarter, Secy. 

John Thompson Kathj^-n Flenasen, Treas. 

W, A* ailhan Bertha H. Doynton 

P. A. Oreiner Minnie Mana 

lb. Gutter Hae Qreenhalch 

The last recorded deseting in tiie original, aintite book 

is under date, Feb, 1, 1937, and is sliced by the 5ecrotr>ry— 

It* Francos Boos (neo-Dcter— HoOai'ter). After this d?te, a 

new record book was opened. At the present tin®, 1933, the 

Sehool X^ands, now Isnown as the "Poor Fssm**, althou^ housing 

no poor, they having been transfei^red to the township "Htaae 

for the Aged,* are in an ui^jroduotlve condition. Occasionally 

the Trustees nake donations of r^noy to Uie £?eTsr?l. libraries 

of the Township, 



80 



CHAPTER J2 
Q01EBB81XV 
TO'WH BOOK OP PHEE SCHOOL OP WOOD- 

The To«n Book of the Pac^e School of WootSbrlds© 
was ooi:meno(£d in 1773 ai^ uras in U80 until Psbzniary 1, 
19S7« It telle in imoh detail of th« l^ing out of 
tim Pz*ee School Lands, how the property was managed^ and 
what dlepoBition was made of the proceeds from it. 

The Trustee 8 met in Rahwajr at Stewart Qiratwellte 
Jane 8, 1845 and a School for Colored Children !• 
mentioned in the Mnutes of that meetlns* 

In 1682 a liat of nine eohool dietricte is re« 
corded. 

Acting under the School Law of 1394, the Truatees 
divert their payraente fro© each district to the Town- 
ship Collector. 

The term *Board of Education* appears for the f iret 
tiiae. 

Propertjr was poaxhaaed at Iselin lay the Trustees 
for School use and presented to the Tomiahlp Board in 
1D14 together with $15,000 acoucMlated fund&. In 1020, 
cash and lihei"^ honds were turned over to the Board of 
Education. The laet board of male trustees net 
Deceiver 27, X880 and a feoale board went into office. 



a 



CHAFPER III 
&AHL3C SCHOOL fiUVSTSBS AND SCHOOLS 

The earliest aentlon of a sohool maeter for Wood* 

bridge oooure under the date tiar, 4« 1689 In Xe Olde Towne 

records when: 

"It also passed by vote that thejr were 
generally willing thr.t Janes Pullerton 
shall be entered In this town as a School 
ifaster and to be enoouraged by suoh as 
see oause to employ him." 

In all probability Mr, Pullerton* having been properly 
•enooursaed* , conducted his sohool in the «eetlnc house 
which had been erected In 1678, a coxacion oustoia In tiiose 
early tlcies. 

Uo mention Is nade of hie retlreraent from the scene 

of his edttortlonal labors, \m.% on the to«a nlnutes of 0ov. 

10, 1691, It Is recorded that: 

"It passed by vote that there shall bo 
thirteen pound raised by the town for the 
Inoorlgisaent of John Beacher to oon and 
keep a free sooole In this town for six 
months upon tryall providing he shall be 
constant ftnd falthfull In that laploy as 
a scooliaaster ought to be nnd that ha 
shall be Ingtiged to attend the sooole this 
winter time untlll nine o*o1oc1e at night." 

Probably Mr. Beacher met the specifications laid down 
In the nlnutee and caae to Woo4brldt:se, If this were the 
Case, then no doubt ha held the first night sohool opened 
in Hew Jersey. 

Whitehead In his "Early History of Perth Amboy and 
Adjoining Ck>untry" gives Beacher* s nafiw as Boa<A:er, but 
this is an error, as a study of towne clerk Dennis* writ- 



2d 



Ins Ittdloatea that he, as a rule, oade hie e*e like o'e, 

but oocaaioiaallj like a* 8. Aleo, Pitz R?indolr*i«fl copy of 

the old town book givee the nase very olearly aa Beaoher. 

Ut» Beacher oust have fallen by the wayside for at a 

Gkineral Town© Meeting of the Preeholdere and inhabitajxte 

at UTm 808vell*a House, Feb* 27, 1603, it passed by vote as 

followetJhf— 

*That they were willins to settle a school 
aaetcr in thia ^otme and to that end the 
towne ivv Vote Made Qioioe of Nathaniel Fitz 
HanOolph & ^oim Bloca^ield to Pisoourrae with 
John Bro\mB of Anboy or any other pei'son that 
Uaj b© Suitable for thpt employ ai^ to know 
hie toniQ and nrJrt? Ileport thereof to the to'sme* 

The disouseion naiet hpV9 been very 3att«factory to Jir. 

^pomm for it is recorded a little later thsti 

•It paesed by vote thr?t John Srown of Anboy 
ahoiild liave twenty-four pounds a year allowed 
hi£i for Keeping a free sohool in thie towns 
thia next yeare." 

nia ability and personality must have appealed strong- 
ly to the Tifiiting eocimittee to raise the offer alnoat a 
hundred per cent, butt 

"John CtonQor protested against the vote 
in open towne meeting and Desired the 
saae to be entered." 

Dally, in his •History of Woodbrldtse end Vioinity* 

says of the objector: 

•His views of a liberal educational policy 
were well Illustrated in the signature he 
attached to an important township paper a 



S3 



ftar aftea^— aubscrlblng his naia© wlUi 
ho oaballstlo X— *hls isar^t**. 

Ho9 the aon9;r ^^> seoured for tho pa^/nent of the sohool- 

Baster«8 salaxy appears on the town minutes of June 12, 1695, 

for It passed la^ Yotet 

•♦That there should be a Rate forthwith 
Made to Raise the Money for "Mae School 
Masters SallerjT for the tUao past."—! 

VbBX the tliae was, the reOoMe don't sey, isiit we hope the 
schoolaastor had not been waiting too Ions* 

"At a publlque meetinfi June ye 34th« 1701 "—S 

a oosmlttee of three; Sasuel Kail, Sphralia Andrews, and C^wen 

X<o<&hart was appointed l^ the town to 

•warae all ye fi^eholders, freenen, inhab- 
itants" etc. 

to attend a town aeetlng 

"to consider of building a eohool house"— 3 

ar^ 

"In Deo, 17CXL, a piece of land, •about ten 

I'ods,* was allowed for a p.ohr.rlhousa' pro- 
vided it did not prejudice the lili5'>i\?j?y. • 
This is pr^«?uiiied to havo been the renovmed 
edifioe on Stravrberry R11J.,"— 4 

In 1660 this land was part of a triangular piece of 

ground set apart for a sheep cocaaon, inoludlng a hill on the 

aroad to Anboy. Speaking of this hill, VQiitehead sayss 

"The wxdter renenibers it with its nalced 
suamlt for nany years crowned with an old 
school house which, like Ichabod Orane's, 
had iBsnerous posts and sticks against doors*" 

1 Town Reoorda 

2 Ibid 

3 Ibid 

4 Ibid 



94 



and windows liapodlng o&^aa^ but offering 
no speoial hlndmnoe to admission, "•^-l 

Th» noxt t«RCher after John Brovme's doparturo, the 

next of whom wo have any account, wao Oeorgo fiubanke, a 

man of socio ability. He besan teaching In vToodbrtdse some 

tiffio during 1711 parobably, fox* In that year we find a grant 

of ten aores to his on Red Brook (or Heejd Brook) for his 

*enoourasenent* a« sohool teeoher. The laM was given, as 

the deed stlrmlates, on oondltlons 

*tthat the ad. Gerorge It^ubahke, do renaln, 
abide and toach Scliool in VJoodbrld^© afors- 
sald. In ye Puullok school 2iou&@ now built 
for yt purTX)S0, durlns iriis natural life, or 
as long as he shall be o&pable, ^'rovlded 
always yt the Inhabitants of ye sd« 7own» 
Satisfying and payir^ into %hk said Qteo. 
SubankOi for his Teaching of their Children, 
areaxly and Br^vy year, So ttong as h» shall 
be oapable of Teaohlng of School, anything 
af oresd. to tite eontrai^ notwithstanding, 
that then (the) present relas© (release) 
Shedl Stand In Pull foree. "— 9 

Aeons these early teachers we mast not forget WiHi^a 
Oreamer who t^^ught the school at Unlontown (now Iselln) 
1817-19, He was a "learned laan and well fitted for teacb- 
Ing." 

It seeiiie tiiat the northern end of the town was not 

forgotten for at a general town oeeting Deoeciber 23, 1702, 

It passed b>y vote as follows} 

"OrantGd by a free vote to ye inhabitants 
of Hahawok a peloe of land containing aboat 

1 Town Reoords 

2 Daliy-Op* Clt p. 181 



36 



tan rod at ground to build school hous 
em lying between John Robinson Tailors 
hous and the hone of John Alstone pro- 
vided it doth not prejudice ye hightycy*— 1* 

•It should be remembered that Wood- 
bridge in the e^rly days included 
Kotuohen, Bonhantown and the lov/er 
part of Rahwey,— Kote by J. H. L. 

There rmist have been otlier eohoolmaaters, but be- 
tween the tine George lilubaz^ taugl^t the Strawberry Ilill 
SoJwol and 1776, only two nance oan be foiuid, one on a 
Smate etone In Trinity Bt>5.aoopal Church yard, Wrtodbrldge, 
pi inoription ronxiineJ 

?.'llllaB Stu^-iTt, ^^liool 2fe8ter— 

Died Ootober ye 30th ,\nno Do:alnl 1758 
In the 57th yeej* of hie p-ae 

and the other appearing in a eunmary of SohoolraaBtere in 

the N. J, items of Philadelphia aM Kfew 'fork newspapers 

between 1730 and 1776: 

•Woodbridge— Kusent Kelly— 176»« 

This Kelly » no doubt, is the one nentioned in the old 

town records of Births, Deatlis« end ilarri«!.ge8i 

**£lugient Kelly and Hannah Kelly his \7ife 
the Eldest Dau^^iter of William Insley Late 
of Woodbrldije Deces.aed, was ferried on ye 
2nd Day of April 1729. » 

The first Strawberry Hill school stood for many years 
after it was oentioned by Tfhitehead in his History of Perth 
Aisboy and Vioinity (published in 1856), but gradually dis- 
integrated under the attacks of t^e elc^rtents and t^ denands 
1 Town Records 



of lt« tlnbere and clapboards for f Ixwrood tjy loool 
InhAblt^nnts, A second school was erected on the west 
side of the hlH at the South Comer of Sunn's Lnne 
and the i^bojr Rosd, Several of the old Inhabltflnte 
rwieaber thla building very well, and one reonlle 
that boards from the original ec^hool house materlalljr 
helped to keep the second school wans In oold weatlier* 
A few years &&}, iim building, being in a dilapidated 
condition, was torn down, closing its career as a 
dwelling house. This school will be referred to again 
in another chapter. 

What was tau£jit by these early eohoolioasters is 
not exactly knoun, but tJiere is no doubt the Instructitm 
in the l>est of tliese little s<^K>ol8 wae along the lines 
followed in Hew England. Probably (Jeorge Subanke in 
the Strswborry Hill school used the "Horn Book" with «dii<^ 
to teach the alphabot. 

Quoting fi'oa the Poreword of a faosinile reproduction 

of the Priraeri an original now owned by Mr« (J. Pllnpton 

of Hew Yor2ct 

*The New -angland Primer was one of tht 
greatest books ever imblished. It went 
toroug^ innumerable editions: it reflected 
in a Ria2»velloue w^y th& s^plrit of the age 
thfft produced it, and contributed, pertiaps, 
more than ?jr\y other book except the Bible » 
to the moulding of those sturdy gei'^rationi 
th?.t ii9^r<i to ."kmerica Its liberty and its 
institutions. " 



Most of th9 laaterlal dealt with 3ibXloa3. oubjeotn^i 

trlto eflyln©s In JiiigXe forra mid "I.tr, Cotton's (Jatechlsn, •• 

Many orude woodcuts adorn the te:i;t. The following nuota- 

tions will give tm Ide? of the siibjeot natter Intended to 

lj!rr:««ov<j the nlnds of the youns oJ^lldren: 

1. Job feels the rod, 
Yet blessoa Gtod. 

S. Young Obadlas, 
David, »ToBia« 
All 'Tex^ piou0. 

3, IJhs Pr?.l9e:? of i^y '?onc:iie 
I offer to the I^rd, 
*?hat I wag tauitjit 9Jid le-mt so young 
To i^ad I!is Jvoiy -'Vord. 

4« Woo wae tdi© f Iret J^an? Adan. 
9ho vas the meekieet llanl Moees* 

0, A Sos ^111 bite 
A thief at night— 1 

Pron "New Jersey, A Hi story "-« Vol I— The AEierioan His- 
torical Sooiel^ Xnoorporatedp we quote: 

"The school of the Colonial pei^od xmn 
the Latin QSPDjanor School, ..,Thl» type of 
school had been broia^jlit to this oouiitry 
by ooloniats who Imd been educated in 
Hurope. In the ohansed condittone of the 
new scttlemerxte there pjrose a demand for 
instiniction in Snglieh ^nd for the g^ddi- 
tlon of Survey iae and Havisatioa to tJ^« 
Courea of Study," 

It is quite i^^bablo tha.t George Flnbanluiy at the Straw- 

bMTy HiU School, aade an atteept to teach these brsnchos 

1 20th Cent. Reprint of Pliapton'a Cri(;lnal 

1791 13d, of S. E. Prlner 



as a part of tho oorrlculun* but no di37eot evidence oan 

b« found that he did so. 

TbB yesr 1793 was a memorable one in the hi8tor7 of 

Te Oldo fownSf for in that years 

* subscriptions wei^ obtained for laoney to 
build the ff'.r-famed '^^oodbrldse Aoadeny. *— 1 

Tb» followine list of naiaes is taken from a oopy of 
t2» original list of the gubscrlbors laade t»y Jaoee Paton 
and attached to the inside oover of ♦♦The Trustees Diook of 
th© Woodbridge Academy District Ilo. 6, April 30, 1332. •* 

A similar list appeared in tlw looal weekly ne^^spaper 

"WoodbridGO Independent Hour," Hay H, 1876 1 

"At a oeeting of the inhabitants of v*ood?- 
bridse held Kay 30, 1793, for the purpose 
of r.^.isinG noney to prooui^e sromid pjid 
build axi Aoadaiay for a r^t^ilo school, tha 

follov/iiig sums Tr^re subscribed and paid in 
due tirie; 



John a. Wall 


I'^-O-O 


David Hdr,nr, Jr. 


12-0-0 


Jos. Barron 


20-0-0 


Ralph Jfarsh 


10-0-0 


Christopher I^rah 


SO-0-0 


Jantee Paton 


15-0-0 


John Hessrd 


20-0-0 


BenJ. A. Brown 


3-0-0 


^M, Heard 


15-0-0 


Jos. TA&fir 


15-0-0 


Phil. Broun 


5-0-0 


John Convay 


6-0-0 


lonbod Totter 


10-0-0 


Tiiaothy Brewster 
Danl. B. Hoores 


15-0-0 


lO-O-O 



Jane a J?>ofcson 


10-0-0 


Jos. Brcnm 


10-0-0 


?hog. irisrr 


17-0-0 


Jonr-than Freoaan 


6-0-0 


Janos Freccan 


5-0-0 


Ellis Bsrron 


20-0-0 


Iftpael ?homal 


6-0-0 


va^apyon Outter 


15-0-0 


John Kannlns 


8-0-0 


Jos. S. Parfcer 


5-<M) 


Saal. Cutter 


10-0-0 


John r^Iarah 


5-0-0 


Peter Hoe 


5-0-0 


Uenry Osbom 


5-0-0 


Jererdjsix Ol'^rkson 


5-0-0 



1 Dally— Op, Clt lf?4 



2.8- 



J 







7 



7^. ^ 



»r. -. 



i'/yvi 



r//a./v»iij 



"# 



.'Vci^y^r^^ /dr^^-—- 



29 



9* IVooaaa 5-0-0 Hf-ndoltJh Oroiroll 6-0-0 

BlMneser Ford 6-0*0 Robt. Mooros 5-0-0 

Abra'n Tr.ppan 5-0-0 J,?jr7i3 31oaa:*leld 8-0-0 

Jonathan DlocwKfl«ld Jr. 5-0-0 

Peter Mellok 5-0-0 ;. !W7-ldW3""" 

Aooordlns to a note nada bgr 0. w, D, In laSO In ths old 
Klnute hook of the Acadocty Dititriot No. 6, the ooat of th© 
school lot la given ao tl2-149-9d. This ws^s mad© froa a 
orodlt to Jameo P&ton, Jtily, 1793, and appoers In the orlglnftl 
book in the hands of A. A, Cd^ar, Aagust 30, 1873. 

At a aeetinc of the subscz^bery hold J^ono 15, 1793, 

James P?ton, ciioeen Cier!:, John Hsard, CBirlstopher J5.-x»«h, 

John a^ Wall, Jo30T;h Br^rrnn and Janes P&ton woro appointed 

aanp^ers to prooui'o a lot, contract for tho building, eolloot 

and pejr tlie raoneya aubscrlbed, having regul!>rly advertlaod 

for some tlio©, th© sane to be coai'^loted by Jonathan Froeman 

by the first day of iAay 1794 for th© sura of fc3S6-15 &s per 

asreenent entered into* The Trueteee of t^ Free School 

Land agreed to fumlah the tlabor for the fraae of the said 

Acadeiny whloh wes done as per asroeaent as aho-wn by the 

following oi*edit; 

"Septeinber 1795 Trustees of Free School land Cr. 
By A frame slven to the AoadeoQr*'' 

At a aeetlns of the subscrlbera June 7, 1794, Colonel 

Ck>fiway, Itoder? tor, Jaaee Paton, Clerk, the followlne persons 

vfQVQ ohoean Tiniatees and tlie tMslness transferred to them, 

vizi 



so 



The Roy. Aael noe 
Johii y. Wall 
Christopher !ter«h 
John Heard 
Jsaes Frtton 
Johji 0on-7,"y 
S^jencKor Forar— 1 

The Aoad0r::jr» a two-eto2^ed bulld:lnG, iraa located on 
the west side of lUtJhrD^sr /.veriue, between tlva realdences of 
&•• S. C. Knsign, Clerfe of the present ^oirmshlp Bosj:»d of 
EdttcatloB, and Mr, Aahei* Pita ReMloph. A street ikw cuts 
across tl-ie old foundaticna* 'Tiis 3tory of the old Acadoqy 
1« dosorving of t. speolr.l chiipter. 

The illustrr!.tton £';lven on pa^e e*;fi. was taJten frt^a *Ht6- 
,torloal Collection of tbna Str.te of N^w Jornear" by John W. 
Darbor and Hciiry Howo, published by S, Tuttle, Chaths© 
Sqijare, !3e^' Xorl: l!>4-i, ths oiit bolHG nado and loomed for 
this history by the publishers of the •'S'oodbrldse Independ- 
ent." Til© authors istnte th^.t the en^jrrvlnge lntei"»3peread 
throu^icut tho history 'r®ro aide frcis drnwinss taken by 
thea on tli© sixjt. 

^On the left is Sx^en the Aopier^y; on the 
right the Preebyterisii Ghuu.-'Qh, and in 
the distance Trinity Church. *—>2 

^?he large ds^ellinc on the jriitht is not? the resldenoe 

of ?lrs. Bertha Hinsdale Boynton, u'idcw of the late ?££•• Sr-> 

neet Boynton, 

1 vroodbrlcU^e •♦Indo^endent Hotir*-lssiie }fay 11, 1376 

2 Hist. Coil's 3. & H.— p 324 



22. 



OHAPTrCH 112 

Er^IX SCHOOL M^ISTSHS AMD ;5CK0'XS 

The first EchoolaaFter mentioned In the Town Re» 
oorda Wfie JrjaeB Pitllerton. Probably the tXvBt night 
school an Hew Jersey rae tcttght l^" John Beachep in 
Woodbrlds«» 

John Brown of South Ai?±>oy engafted to teaoh In 
IfoodbrlcUje foi* t^-enty-f our pounds a year, Sohool- 
■Aftter's salary raised hy a "Rate," or tax. 

Tho first Strj!.irt>e2?ry lail c^hool erected 1701. 

Qeors© liJobanJce began to tsjioh in ¥?oodbrldge 1711. 
WilllaH Orosmer teaohins ^>t Unlontoim (Isolln) iai7-.10. 

Vot'3 to grent land for &. school houoa at Heharmk 
1702^ 

The Horn Book rjid tho ft^w H^nsl-'md ?riaor probably 
used at 8tr:^':'beny Kill by (kiors0 ^banke. Quotation 
frofa the Hew ii^nglflnd Prinox', 

In 1793, subsorlptlons raised tor bulldtng the Woodf 
brddge Aoadocar. List of subscribers to the Aoadeqy with 
aoounts BUbsorib<3d, 

Plret trustees ©looted. 



5Z 



OHAPTER IV 

JaME QTORgR'S BOOK AHD WOODBRlDGE ACADI3ff 

Woodbrldse Aoadeiqsr 
1809-16X0 

The writer has beon fortunate m aocniring an old *Ex- 
•rolse Book* that was used bjr a youns si^rl named Jans 
Storer who attended the Woodbrldse Aoadei^ during 1^)9 and 
1810. The book neaeuree 8* by 13* and has about seventy- 
five leaves of a heaTy, rou^ V&V®^$ some with a watenaarfc 
of an oval, sunsounted by a orown, oontaining an ineet of 
the figure of Britannia, and others ^th the nasie of Lydig 
and Hosier ae a watenaark. The oover ie of heavy straw 
board, finished with a thin brown paper azuSL strensthened by 
a reinforcement of thin leather at the hinge. 

The first page la embellished l^ the legend: 

*Jane Storer's Book 

Woodbridgo Aoadei^y 

October 1, 1810* 

Some of the letters art in Hooan and sooe in script style 
with scroll flourishes. A cheap coloring of yellow bjoO. 
green is used to fill in the "hollow* letters. 

Jud£5lns from Jane ha handwriting on different pages of 
the book, someone else oust have done the decorative letter- 
ing, or perhaps David Blooofield, whose name is found here 
and thert carelessly scribbled, was the artist. David nsr^ 
ried the yoxmg lady later on. Xt loay be, also, that Jane 



ss 



JUsproved so ouoh In her penmaneliip that she did the work 
at a more adranoed stage of hor eduoaticm. 

The book Is almost filled with arltlimotlo example e, 
or 0ua8| as they were probably oalled In those days, eaoh 
of the toplOB suoh as addition, oompound addition, etc., 
being written in lajc^e-hand,— "Spenoerian* style— at the 
head of a page follo^ared by its definition which, no doiibt, 
had to be accurately neraoriaed aiwi i»eclted to the sohooL- 
iBaster as he sat at his de^ on the platfona with the olaas 
standing in front of hln. 

Following the definitions or© tlie stuns, four, six, or 
eight to the page, all oarefuHy worked out and neatly 
ruled. Wine neasure, vfinohester iseasure, BInglish money, 
Sin^e Hule of Three, Direct Proportion, Inverse Proportion, 
Practice and many other topics, obsolete today, but which 
renamed In the arithnetlo textbooks not so very many yearns 
ago, all av9?>ear in the old Aoadtts^ book. Kilderkin, pottle, 
runlet, firkin, tierce, would have little laeaning for the 
children of today. 

fi» wording of soiae of the problems is rather peeu» 

liar, e. g«t 

*A saan boa:'rowed a sun of laoney and paid 
in part kL2«>10e--ar^ the reoainder is 
UL7-I0e« I deoand the sun borrowed**' 



54 



All the abstract woz^ in long division and otati- 
plloetion is oar«fully proved. Some of the pasee dis- 
play tlie old quostion-and-anmver typo of lesson— e. &,i 

* Q. Kow Bany parte are there in the 

Rale of Three? 
A. Two; Single or Sinple and Double 

or Compound. 
^ SSjr vAisX is the Single Bule of 

Three knoim? 
A. Bgr three tercis ^lieh rij*e aLw^a 

given in the question to find 

a fourth." 

eto« eto* 

Ho doubt the ans^Tsrs had to be memorized, perfect 
recitations being secured vexy often with the assistanoe 
of the oaster's cane. 

A number of the pases at the end of the boak have 
been aade the repoaltoxT" of "seleoted poetry," The taste 
of the tines is probably reflected in their titles: 

1. "Death and a Lady.*' 

2. "On the Death of Capt Annaniae Val- 
entlr», ^lioiaaas PlnoSaie, leaAO El- 
liot, Jereialah Cropsy and X*eonard 
Merritt, all respectible Citisens 
of the town of Iferlborough ^«ho wez*e 
unfortunately droimed on the flats 
in front of the town in attenpting 
to go on shore on f riday H^adng 
the 12 of December 1800 in a voil- 
ent stona of wind and Rain." 

Others have the ssme lugubrious strsiji. The follow- 
ing is one of the fifteen verses trom "Death and a Lady." 

DiSATH 

fail* lady, lay your costly robes aside 
Ko longer nay you gloary in your pride 



'^ 



J 




(^rai^ss /byte's cf^JTfat^'J^S/oorfi^^^&A^ 



'Y' 



/^fjcfO^^T^c/y^^ ^' 



30 



Take leave of all your oamal vain dellfsJit 
XI a oomo to stimnon you afaoy t(mig;]tit. 

una: 

Wh©.t bold attonpt Is thlo, pray let ne Itnow 
From vihenoe you oame nnd ^i^ither ciust I go 
Shall I idao au a la4y, yield or bow 
To suoh A palo-fao'ftd visas©* ^tio art thou* 

Tr<m the death of Oaptain Annanias^ et. al. , t^e quote 

the third of the eigjliteen verse at 

"0 deader those ooffins e:chibit to you 
A striking e^caaple that*8 ooumfully true 
To show thee that Sieath will be thy oer* 

tain doom 
That flhortly thy bo^ oust enter the tomb** 

One» Reverend Hall, oocusante in hie opening v«rseet 

*Rov avful ie that eolesai word 
Whioh oalls otxr livee away 
And bids GWP breath fro&i us remove 
And leaves its heavy clay." 

Tinee were hard in thdse days and probably the oiti- 
sens had a morbid enjoyment In oonteaplatlnc the plotures 
brought to Eslnd ty suoh voroee. 

If these are fair exanplee of the •pieces" nemorlaed 
in the old Academy « Friday afternoon exercise a would have 
been rather melanoholy to the boys and elrla of the present 



This deeoription and the extraots given, indioate at 
leastn a part of the ourrioulum of Xe Olde "Etoodbridge Aoa- 
decQr offered to some of its students* 



36 



Nothing Bore appears x*eestrdln6 the old Aoa<lec^, se^ta* 

ingXjT owing to lose of records, until April S, 1343, tho 

date of ox>9ning a nev rainute book^ whent 

"At a seetlng In the Aoadecjy, John 0. Brr- 
ron vaa called to the ohalr and Jotha 
Ooddlngton Clork sifter T^iloh the following 
Trustees were eleotodi 

Sdward Mumay 

li'llllaEi !!• Berry 

Jotto Coddlneton 

Dr. Ellla D, Freeman 

Ittther Harapton*— 1 

At a later meeting the folloTflng resolutions, with 

others, were oarriedj 

♦♦l. Resolved that Thcsaas H» Morris is 
Teaoher down stairs. 

2. Resolved that Anna Marlah Stanstuy 
Teao^^xes upstairs for Tliree aonthfl 
subject to with draw at th6 expeo- 
tat Ion of thfcit Time if necessary to 
have a Ilale Teacher, 

3. Resolved That the Trustees need to 
examine the School every six weeks.*— S 

It Edsht have been that the Trustees were not quite 
sure that Anna Marlah would be able to discipline the 
hopefuls entrusted to her charge. However, they were will- 
ing to let her try. As her name does not appear again in 
later records, we laay preeune that the young lady did not 
meet the etmsnuaus re<iulrei3ents and soi 
*her oonti»act was not renewed,* 

1 Tru8t€»e8» Minute Bodk 
S Ibid 



37 



We are left to wonder regsrdlns the name of the "Mftle" 
i^io mooeeded her, and aXso vt^ether or not ho eucoeeded 
trotter than she. 

The third resolution was sonewhat papOT^etlc of the 
Bodem eiXwweeStfli period now In u^e in so nan7 sohosla. 

On April 20, 13^i4, it wai resolved! 

"That there be an aditlon of wriglitlng 
desks and llkeislRe bac&e ^.dded to several 
of the henohea up and belo^ stairs. ••—1 

c 

The illustration^ on pass 37a wereiaade frcwa a i>hoto- 
grai^ih of one of the oris^nal puptis' desks oonstruoted by 
th» carpenters ^fbsn equipping the old Acadoqy, This pieoe 
of school furniture was disoovered in the attio of the 
*3oynton House," shown on the richt of the illustration on 
peee2^eiand was photographed bgr the writer t?itl^i the kind 
perraiseion of Mrs. Boynton, 

The desk is «. triple one, of the lifting'lid variety, 
m^Le of ordia:^ry v/i\ite pine. The eoata are numbered snd 
are attached to a baseboardjf being raovable as one pieoe. 
One may imRglne the terrible backaches endured by the 
ohildren and, thei^fore, what rejoicing there must hpve been 
"up and below staJrre* when the oi^der vmnt forth for the 
addition of bHOks to several of the benohes. '.Tho were the 
foz*tunate ones to occupy those v7ith backs is not loiown, but 
1 Trustees* ISinute Book* AQ«idesgr District lk>, 6. 



V 



J 














IP. 



// / 6> 



o8 



w« neisr be sure thoy were the envy of tholr leas-favored 

oaQpQnl'''ns, 

ASK>ng otivsr Iteae in the cash book, wMoh foros port 

of the old olnute hooTs,, we find: 

*104&-«Hov* 3-*-9 Do£en Sanders Spelling 

Boc^e e $1 pexNi-i- $2.00 
Apr. 5—Dedc and blaokborjc^le 3.85 
1847— -Oot, Sl-A. J. Barnes 

Boojca Esnd St^atlanery 0.39"— 1 

April 6, 1946, at r regular oeeting a reeolutlon wa« 

p&ased thats 

"Hereafter all lectures, exhlbltious by 
persons oomlng In the pjUce -"^nA ohargias 
for the esae shall pay one Doll«r for the 
use of the Aoaden^ «nd Two Ikjllnrs for ea<di 
quarter of Singing 3oho(»l.*— 2 

This resolution gives sen lnslB;ht regarding sor» of the 
purposes for which the eohool wcs used outside of school 
hours. It is also evident th-^t great strides had been laade 
in educfttlonal matters as the yecrs had paes«d by. April o, 
1848| CSvArles? B, Head was appointed teaoher to tfiike charge 
Monday^ April 10. 

At an Adjjoumsd laeetins of the Trftsteos of the Aeadeay 

held April 14 the aaae yenr, it wej 

•Resolved? 1st. Th^t the prioes of Tuition 
be classed in Three differ- 
ent stiBJS va«Two, "Pwo and a 
half, end Three Dollars pjid 
thpt oomprises all thst taii^^t 
in the Shglish Languase.'* 

1 Trustees* Minute Book 

2 Ibid 



39 



Re8oIvo<li Sd. That Twelve we^s be one 
qu?»i»ter ajrwl five snd Imlf 
dayg aak© one wj?ol!: sevon 
hours per day. 

Reaolvodj 3d. That a comlttee of Two be 
apDolntod to ©;-:ftnin» the 
wright and Title of tlie A- 
oadeny and the rrx'oimd It 
ocouplos. 

Be solved t 4th. That the Tmete«s stdjouvn 
to c^et on Fi^idsgr evening 
91M at ef^xly Candle light."— 1 

FJPoa the first a»e solution we may infer that the atUf 
dente of the old Acadecvsr trere grouped Into Uu:*ee olaBsee, 
flx^t, seoondj and third; the third being tl]ie lowest In 
grade and tuition. Suoh grouplrig was in use In l&i9 when 
the writer tau^cht an ungrsded school In South Jersey. Stoe 
last pert of the easae resolution may me^ that Inetinictlon 
in the olasBlca oalled for ei^eolal mtes. School must h£.ve 
be«a held Saturday moriiingf aooording to the second reeolu- 
tion, but the seven hTure probably r&n frosa nine in tlie 
Bomlns until four in the eftex*noon Inoluding recessesy as 
in fion» district 8 today. 

HegJirdins the ♦*m-isht and title" tliere had been sone 
controveray over the ov^nersliip of the property, the Presby- 
terian Churoh olal£uns it as a part of their holdint^e pjiA 
therefor© these oould not be sold. 

1 Trustees* Mizmte Book 








77r»»f * If eel -J^T-orm si t-K. a-f^ 



^'^/^a//i. 



'^rr 









40 



Vam "Woodbrldg© Independent Hour" in its issue at 

BUjr Uf 1376 etatost 

"The titlo to the sroimd upcm whiqh the 
AoaAms^ iniiiaixm (tlie second balXding, 
erected on the foundations of the old 
A03deqy i^nd now to I>e dlsoaz'ded} Is lo- 
cated, WAS left In doubt mitll Urn dis- 
oorery of tliess i^oordod piMoeedlnss (tiie 
foregolns old Ao^iderqy liletoiy) by Kr, Alex^ 
ander A. '.-Vv:'" of tills pI-'acb, f.'ven now 
tiiero Is ; fiivlng title to the to^m^ 

ship of .. 'iTfi other th:m tiieae uenor^ 

able pi'oceeuiiitiS, IsOvvever', wo BUiiposo tii-et 
will prove sufficient as the ground woe ob- 
tained froa the first Pr^abyterL'Jt OliuxHsh 
and tliat corporatl<Ml hag no diaix)sition to 
tnk© advaiit?5se of the legal teohnlcallt^ in- 
volved." 

The above article appsar^d at the tliao when the toioi 
was srecting a new "Gkraded Soiiool" on School Street and 
which is in use today. 

ISie Fourth i*^ solution, "To adjourn.... ?ind meet at 

candle light** was proi^iotio of the fading light of the old 

Madws^'i for at the adjoui^ed Eteetlng of the Trustees, hold 

April 3, le^i^, the followins resolutions we*"© passed; 

"Resolved: That iixevfi oe a. taeetii^ loeld in 
thi3 Acadeccr on I4(: nday the 9th at 
B ofdo^ ^. li. fOi- vho i-'Uiiioae 
of talsins into consider* tion the 
Bulldlns of a soiiuoliiouee. "— 1 

Tlii« moetlag vms held in due course and tlie foliowing 

resolutions paseedt 

"Re solved: Thtit Uiei*o be a ilcw Building 
erected for a eohooUiouso. 

1 Trustees' Kinute 3ooli: 



41 



*Re solved! That a Oocimlttea of Thr«« |>oav 
aona Thomas Edgar, Jeraes Blood- 
good, and Alexander Bro^m to 
procure a lot and 

Re solved J That the Ikiildlns standi with the 
end to the Street • 

Resolved I "IThet Four, St* B. Freenaa, Jnnea 

Bloodgood, Aiexi>,nder Brown, Alex- 
ander A, Sdsar be a oopnittce to 
au'ocrlntond the liulldlns of the 

Rdsolvedi That the btilldlng oonnittee report 
prosipeBS at the next Beetins,"— 1 

9y April SO the following yeeo?, It had h«en definitely 

decided to sell tiie old sohool, have it naoved a'-s^siy and duild 

the new Academy on Its site. Tlilo «f&8 done, the building b<i>- 

lug bought hy Isaao Inslee for #70.00 on 60 days credit andt 

^reooved to a lot trinKSflia'oely adjoinlns 
Ilr. Qeorge l.F.53lett*8 residence, where It 
«tand» to thla day,**— 2 

Thl8 pflpoperty is known on the Aaseeaor'a oap as Lot 30, 
Block 542A, I&dn Street, Woadbrid?,e, ??iid Ib on the op >osite 
side of the street froa tivs new *8tate theati^," Many old re- 
sidents will roneiabor the «»dlfl<w as '•the old Amstrc^is iRilld- 
Ing,** It was torn down a few years ajso, being unfit for oo- 
crapanoy as a dweUlng^and also a fire lamaoe* 

District Ho. 6 seeas to have joined with the Aoadaqy dis- 
trict Ho. 6, for on Uf^TCh 8, 1051, a neetlng of the cltisMjns 

1 Txoia tees' Klraxte Book 

2 Hietory of Union and Hlddleaex County, New Jersey 
Clsyton, p. 567 



49 



at "SoliQol Dlst^riot No. C and 0^ was IieXd April 7, tlie saio* 

7«ars 

»At the aniuiaX ncotlng held this day to 
el<Jot ti-usteot aooordirc to tha neiy Dohool 
law (eto.) th© folloivlvig porsonn v/Rx»a tlion 
eloctsd tinxsteea for Uis time ao follows t 

Sllis 3. rrG'C!;ir!JS for t.l-i2»e0 je^-u's 
Jotlaa Coddlngton for ti^o i-'oars 
Hniidolph Caddlnsto» fop on« year,***— 1 

"It was tlian moved rjid o^a^rlsd that SUls B« 
Fre^oan be secretej^y and t2»»€.surer, *— 2 

The nei» acGdecjy was ereotod th^.t fell end b«oafiie kno^n 

later i^s *7l3e dowitoim eohool** Jlore will be 6«?-ld about this 

building in another chapter. 



1 Trustees* Mimito Book 

2 Ibid 



48 



CHAPTER IV 
JAKK STOi^SR*S BOCSR 

Jclte Gtorer*a Book iao©-18iO, (kjiiercj. deswlptlon 
and detail^ desoription witii extract.©. 

Trusteee of the Aoadw:^, 184S, Thoaas K« UoxvXa 
and Anna Marlah &tazi6buz^'' terxsh at the Aoaderay. Trustees 
exa23lne the school every eix >i'eoks» Iinpin>veHents In tlia 
BOhool furniture are m&d» X848« 

Ca^ ItMDd froia tb# Qlnute book, ahonrijiis cost of th9 
bo<:^g and Btationery used in the Aoadeii^ eav given. R^tee 
ar« fixed for i^ntlng out the school for special jmrpoees 
1646. 

Glifti'le^ 3« Reed la appointed teaclier and tuition ohr^rgiM 
are flxed^ 1G48. 

The Presbyterian dairoh authorities cl&in title to th« 
land on v?hioit tl^e Aoade^ vras erected. 

Apirll 9, 1849, steps ^eve taken to ejroct a new Txjildtns 
to replace the old AoadeLQr. The old bttildims la sold to Isaac 
Inelne end renoved to a lot an Main Street, 

First Board of thx'oe truBtees are elected under the new 
law, April 7, 1051, 



^ 



OHAPTTm Y 

THS U» TRHS ZHSTXTOKS 
or 

MOIUaS ACADSliaC 

Second only in IrapKsrtanoo to the old WoodbxddgQ Aoa- 
deaisr was the eln Tro« Inotltute (fomorly Isnown as the Elm 
Tree Inn). In later yeari it beoaeto known as the Moin*it 
AoadsBQr and enjoyed a wide reputation for efflclenoy. 

The bulldins* on Its original site, has been recwdclled 

H^ ohanglng the old colonial front to a nodem style and 

is used now ae a private reeidenco, Ilo, 831 Hahway Avenue. 

*It originally v?as an 'Inn* but »wr8 openod 
as ft hi^ eohool by Fz>ofeasor Jaaes Stryker 
In the year 18 o, and for many :^e&x'B was 
supported \f the inhabitants.... .After Pro* 
fessor Strjftar rellnQulshod It^ llr, Marshall 
toolt it in charge, but in a short titae it 
was sold and !4r. Qeor^e 01in<^ purchased the 
property and i'nnediately raised the building 
and toade it nore deeiraole for the purposes of 
a eohool. He afterwards sold it to Thoinas H. 
Ilorris, Ksquire, srtd it was then ohnnged to 
the nasie of the Sla Tree Institute."—! 

A nuiaber of old inhabitants who attended the Morris 

Aeadsqy fifty years ago are still living and ore fond of re* 

latine Bany interesting incidents dealing with their boyish 

escapades. They agree that Schoolmaster Morris was severe, 

but Just] that he was an excellent teacher and deoanded their 

beet efforts. One of the oost aniuslng stories is told by 

1 History of Union and Middleaox Counties, IT. J, 

p. 567 



44 



45 



Ur, Horace Drake ot Main Street, Wosdbrldse, who attended 
the UovrX9 Aoadeoar as a email boy. There was a email 
hole in the floor near th» desk of one of the boje through 
irhloh, daring a propitious ooraenti a string wa» parsed In- 
to the baseiaent havins r.ttached to It a piece of netal, the 
other end being held by the bqy \idio appeared absorbed In 
the study of his leeaons. 

iQien all was quiet and Sohooleiaster Morris was seated at 
his desk on the platfons, a gentle tinkle, tinkle, was heard. 
Master iSorrls looked up c|uletly and ^.ve a severe glanoe a* 
round the room over the top of hi a spectaoles. Mot a aove- 
nent could he see. The sound ceased. Could the Master's 
ears have deceived hln? Ho! Another twitch at the string— 
a louder tinkle. TIils tliae the professtsp gsve a surrepti- 
tious look around to locate the sound and o«?,toh the culprit 
causing it. 1^ suspicious aovcnent could be observed. All 
the boys had t^lr eyes glued to their books. This could 
not go on. Another pau8e<-*tinkle, tinkle, again. Fron the 
dedc the schoolnastor stepped down and la a nonchalant man- 
ner carelessly stiwlled around the room, hands behind hie 
back, a piece of rawhide gently swaying behind, waiting to 
be brought into action. It was no use, 1^ soall boy's 
foot was on his end of the string and no incrlnlnatlng evi- 
dence could be found. 3o it went on for nearly the whole 



u 



laomineh^pauaoootinkle, tirM.€HM-pAUB0«-tinkl6, tinkle. 

At last the sohoolnaster toc^ off ills speotaoXos, 
laid theia cpj?efUlXy on the desk in front of hin, «lped 
his brow with his haadkcarohief and than rapped for atten- 
tion* All heade oaj^ up and blank f aoea malted for vAi&t 
was to oomo. 

"Boys," said the professor, *iaai5y tiaes dtirlns the 
Bomlns Z have he&rd a tlnlcllns noise snd I liave done eqt 
best to locate it, bat have failed* How, X kiKm it is 
caused by soEieone in this rooci, but xibo ie the oolprit, X 
do not know* I admowledge my defeat* If the boy n^ is 
the originator of the trick will stand up and confess, X 
will forgive hiza and we* 11 raake a fresh stprt for the rest 
of the day." 

A roar went up froa the class as the oulprit stood tip 
and explained his little device, the professor laugjilns 
with thea* 

However, he was 0.3 sood as his wo2:>a, so with a few 
words of advioe, topped off wit^ a honlly, he said, "Mow, 
boys, the fun is over. Let us all get down to wojrte. "♦ 

The picture of the "Institute* on pa@B 4 >& was asde 
from a p^v-and-ink drawing by !ir« Ucwellyn Holden, Art 
Instructor in Woodbrldge Hl^ School, and was copied from 
an old Daguerreotype in the pos^^eseion at this tine 



4n 



ot tho PoBxtsvjr family » descendant s of Mr. Thomae K. Uot^ 
rXe, the old schoolmaster. 

The ufjjaeYpiotiire vr~s ^ ~ : .'.j ■;■/.- ' ta- 
ken dui*ins tlie eunsner of 1933 » and ahowa the old "Insti- 
tute* as it la today— a prlvrte reeidenoe, apartnent 
style. Him building Is in an ©xoellsnt state of preaor- 
vstlon and gives every appearanoe of Iselng useful fop 
aany years to ooae. 

The following advertisement, appearing tn the Hew 
Jersey Advooate and r^Jlddleeex and Essex Advertiser, Vol. XV 
No. 4, published in Rahway, New Jersey, March 28, 1826, 
gives in prospectus fpr-^ the ourrioulun offerings of the 
Sim Tree Institute, called in the advertisement, Woodbrldge 
Seminary. How saj^y students availed themselves of such a 
ran&r&ably rich course of study, or whether or not the pro» 
J«ot definitely materialized, is difficult to say because 
of lack of corroboratory evidence. However, the ambitious 
l»*0£raB is i^rth presenting. 

•The New Jersey Advocate and Middlesex 

and Sg-sex Advertiser* 

Tfoodbrid^s© Seminary 
(Ela Tree Institute) 
New Jersey 

Jaoes Strylcer, A. M. , Principal of 

the TJfoodbz'^idGe .•\oadei3y, pud the Rev. 
John T, Halscy, A. M., of New!5ury, 
propose to open the above-n^^oed In- 



stltutlon at Woodbrldgo, Hew Jersey 
on ritonday, the 17th day of April next. 
All the preparatory brv?JicheH of sol- 
enoe neoe scary to inform the enllsht- 
•ned farmer, neohanlo, merchant, Icw- 
yor, physician, or divine, will bo en- 
braood ulthin the course of Inotruo* 
tlon, viz; The ?^.itln, Oreek, Hebrew, 
Engllah, French and Spanish lansuaeesj 
Arlthmetlo, erabracins BooMceeplns; hoQr 
arlthnfl and Algebra, Trigonometry ond 
Ooometry, with a iiractlcal application 
to ssensuratlon and SurvGylng; Navigax- 
tlon, Haturp.l Phllosr^ ond CHiei-d airy, 
Illustrated by experlnento for iz?hloh 
suitable apparatus is provided: Bot^^^uy, 
Mineralogy* and Qeology, with the use 
of a Oablnotj Geography, cnolent and 
nodem, inoludlng the use of globes t'-nd 
the construction of Jfeps; History, pert!- 
oularly of the United states; Evidences 
of Christianity, 31bll0f^ Rcolts^tlons, 
Constitution of the United St.'^tes. etc. 
Besides the apparatus already nentloned, 
a Library rill be attached to the Insti- 
tution for the UG© of the Studento. 

The Principals have been eneagod for 
some tlEMi past, at considerable expense. 
In preparing a building meltable for 
their purpose, and will have oonpleted the 
whole 1^ the tioo proposed. 

The Students' Hall is a spacious apart- 
swnti tiw lodGine rooos are numerous and 
admit free oli*oulatlon of air; and in the 
pOBTm spound is assigned for a oaapua or 
field for roorectlon. 

Woodbrldfie la one of the most pleasant 
and healthy vlllases in the Union, It is 
situ'itod Tild^«y between Hew Brunsvylok and 
KLlaabethtown} and presents a Tarlety of 
eaagr and agreeable ooiinectlons with the 
oltles of New Yoxk and Philadelphia. 



49 



Terms: Two sessions In a year— the 
surniner session oomnencing betvaen the 
middle of April and first of May, and 
the winter session ooEunenclng between 
the middle of October and the first of 
November, 

Boarding per session $60.00 
Washing 5.00 

Tuition for Jr. Duplle 10.00 
" « Sr. " 14.00 
Five per oent deduct! -n upon pay- 
nents made In advance. The FVenoh, 
Spanish, and Hebrew are extra oharses 
of !|5.00 per session. Books, Station- 
ery and Fuel are furnished at the low- 
est rates. Sed and Bedding are provi- 
ded by the pupils. 

There will be two vacations; the 
first in April, the last in October, 
and annually about the first of Octo- 
ber, an Elxaminatlon of the Seminary, a 
distribution of Preraiuras, and Public 
Speaking. A reasonable allowance will 
be made to those boarders from the vi- 
cinity who spend the weekly recess at 
home. 

A good school fiTill also be maintained 
at the Academy at the present prices, un- 
der the dally superintendence of the Prin- 
cipals for the character of which they 
pledge themselves to the public. 

The principals, having the direction 
of respectable seminaries for several 
years, are already before the public and 
hence deem it almost unnecessary to offer 
any references for cl-uii\^cter, yet in con- 
formity with established usage, they have 
selected the following names from among 
the many they are privileged to use: 
Reverend ■.Vllliaia Harris, D. D. , President, 
Columbia College, New York; Reverend James 
Carnahan, D. D. , President, Nassau Hall, 
New Jersey; Charles Davies, A. M. Professor 
Mathematics and Natural Phllosphy, United 



fiO 



states Military Academy, West Point; 
Hugh Ts^ylor, Esquire, Cteorglaj Rever- 
end Luther Halsey, A. M. , Professor 
Nassau Hall, New Jersey; Reverend Thom- 
as McAuley, D. D. , L. L. D. , New York; 
Wllllan Forest, A. M. , New York; P. S. 
Seattle, H. D, , Professor Jefferson Med- 
ical College , Philadelphia; His Excel- 
lency H. Johnson, Governor of Loulslanna. 

within the United compass of an ad- 
vertisement, the prlnolpel.s cannot enter 
Into all the details of their plan. 

It Is perfectly obvious that the for- 
mation of a Faially Circle In which the 
habits, the pursuits, the recreations of 
the students will be under direction and 
constant superintendence nust be attended 
with pre-eminent advsnta.se. Suf-lce It to 
say, tliat the node of instruction t;ill be 
of that Improved smd efficient kind which 
Is calculated to prepare a youth for the 
important duties of life; 8Jtid to this end 
the health of his body, as well as the Im- 
provernent of his ruind, his Interests for 
Eternity, as well as for Tine, will be 
scrupulously regarded. " 

The date of this adveirtlsenent, 1826, does not coin- 
cide with the date given in the ••History of Union and Mid- 
dlesex Counties for the opening of the Elm Tree Institute 
by Mr. Jaiaes Stryker, which is 1822, and yet the "Seiiiln- 
ary* and the "Institute" nust have been identical. While 
Mr, Stryker was still principal of the Woodbridge Academy 
he must have been preparing for his new venture in partner- 
ship with the Reverend Halsey. 

Ho other building in the town at the time could have 
lent itself to remodelling for school puirposes so well as 



n 



the old Elm Tree building which: 

"The principals have been engased for some 
time past at oonaidei'able expense In pre- 
paring. " 

We Bsay feel Justified in considerlns the Seainary ad- 
vertised in the RaliwajT newspa-^jr, JIaroh 15, 1836, and the 
Ela Tree Institute— later the Morris Acaderay— to be one and 
the saae. 

The prospectus set forth so allurlnsly by the project- 
ors of the new educational enterprise left nothing to be de- 
sired. Classical, Scientific, and Business courses ax'e sug- 
gested therein. 

The "Cabinet" of rooks and minerals and the "Library" 
seemingly were unusual as equip'nent and were worth special 
mention. 

Public Speaking and the distribution of Premiums 
(prizes) were part of regular "Closing Exercise s" iit that 
period. The last part of the Advertisement must have been 
very attractive to the youth of the day. 

The quality of instruction must have been of the best, 
for Dally in his "History of Woodbridge" refers to the school 
as hla "Alma Mater. " 

With such a formidable list of references, from an 
■Esquire" to a governor of a State, there could be no ques- 
tion regarding the "tone" of the new educational institution. 



62 



OHAPTSR 7 
SUKUAia 

THE EUi TRKE INSTITUTE OR MORHIS AGADSiff 

The Elm Tree Institute, later the Moirris Aoadeiay, 
had a wide reputation as an educational Institution, 

Sohoolnaster Morris was noted as an exoellent teacher, 
severe but just. Horace Drake tells a story to illustrate 
the oharaoter of Jtorrls. 

Llewellyn Holden' s pen-and-iiifc; sketch of the Insti- 
tute aad© from a Daguerreotype i^owa the old building in 
early days. 

An extract, copied froepi the New Jersey Advocate and 
Middlesex and Essex Advertiser, a nev/spaper printed in Rah- 
way, 1336, announces the opening of the Institute as a Saa- 
Inary and gives, in much detail, the educational offerings 
with rateg of tuition. 

The author of ♦'History of lYoodtaridge" (Dally) claims 
the Instltij^ as hla "Alma Mater.* 



J 



^l/l 












2/ I. , y~/<^/'a'e^f 



M 



CHAPTER VI 
TEXT BOOKS IN COLONIAL TIMES 
and 
LEGISLATION FOR SCHOOLS 

The followlns extract la taken from Murray's '•History 

of Education In New Jersey." It la quoted by Murray from 

an account furnished by Mr. George A. Plimpton of New York 

City whose collection of early textbocka is perhaps unsure 

passed. 

•Up to the time of the Revolution the text- 
books used In the common schools of New 
Jersey were very limited. 

■It Is quite possible that some of the early 
settlers may have brought with them copies 
of the horn book— the first things which 
were put Into the hands of children to teaoh 
them the alphabet. " — 1 

Dllworth's Spelling Book and the New England Primer 

seemed to have been used throughout all New Jersey and no 

doubt copies reached Woodbrldge. 

"Dllworth was quite a prolific author and 
his spelling book and arithmetic were very 
largely Imported before the Revolutionary 
War. 

*In 1783 Noah Webster brought out his spell- 
ing book and subsequently other reading 
books which were for many years widely used, 
supplementing Dllworth and the primers. 



History of Education In New Jersey— Murray 
Circular of Infonnatlon, No. 1, 1899 
United States Bureau of Education 



65 



«4 



"In 1840, a series of readers by G. W. 
Sanders appeared, the first to follow 
the present system of grading, first, 
second, third and fourth. "—1 

These readers vere used In the Woodbridge Aoadeiqy and 

appear in the "Cash Book" as having been purchased. 

•The arithmetic published in this country, 
however, was by Nicholas Pike and it 
appeared in 1788." 

*Up to the time of the Revolution, Geo- 
graphy was not taught in New Jersey. 
The first American geography was that 
of Jedediah Morse whioh was published 
in 1791. 

"English Gramoar was studied very little 
in the schools of New Jersey before the 
Revolutionary War, Whatever textbooks 

were used, were English different 

edltiona of Llndley Murray's (Jranmar 
were published until 1840 or 1850. 

"In the early days, no textbooks on Pen- 
manship were used by the pupils; the 
teacher had a set copy from which the 
pupils worked. 

*Rose»8 arithmetic, by a teacher of Perth 
Amboy is interesting, chiefly because he 
printed the answer in the book in letters 
instead of figures. The teacher alone was 
furnished with the following key to the 
cryptograms : 

1934567890 

perthamboy * — 2 

The ordinary district school, with extremely few ex- 
ceptions, in the early colonial period conformed to the 
following description: 

•The log sohoolhouse of the time was a build- 
ing approximately sixteen feet square. At 

1 History of Education in New Jersey— Murray 

2 Hurray— Op. Cit. 



65 



on* end of the single room was a huge 
fireplace, the sole source of heat, even 
in the coldest weather. Windov/s 'vere 
made by sawing off an occasional log and 
ooverlng the aperture with sheepskin or 
oiled paper. Along one side of the wall, 
underneath the window, was a i^augh desk 
nfliich provided a place for older pupils 
to write. Other pupils were seated upon 
3»oush slab benches. They arose vrhen. 
classes were called, stood facing the 
master and carefully toeing the mark 
which he had set for the formation of th« 
line of pupils. To read, and in some 
oases, to write, and to work arithmetic 
were the things taught in the sohoole, 

"Discipline was harsh, even cruel. The raw 
hide and the hickory stick were in constant 
use. 

*The hours were long— from eight in the nom- 
Ing until six in the afternoon, with a re- 
cess of two hours for lunch."—! 



Legislation for Schools 

"Education of Colonial days existed primarily 
for religious ends. The school was an aux- 
iliary of the Church and the curriculum re- 
flected this religious purpose."— 2 

In the State Constitution of New Jersey 1776, no pro- 
vision was made for education. In 1816, an effort to begin 
a State Fund was made by providing an annual appropriation 
of 115000 to be Invested in six per cent United States 
Bonds.— 3 



1 New Jersey, A Hist ©XT' — The American Historical 

Society, Inoori5orated 

2 Woody- Q. E. in New Jersey 

3 Laws of New Jersey — 1816-1817 



M 



In 1820 townships were empowered to levy a tax for 

educational ends, bat excepting In 1820-1331, money so 

raised was used solely to educate; 

••suoh poor children as are paupers belong- 
ing to said township, and the ohlldren of 
such poor parents resident In said town- 
ship as are, or shall be, in the judgiaent 
of said committee, imable to pay for school- 
ing the saiae." — 1 

The law of 1829, authorized an annual app3?oprlation of 

$20,000 from the income of the school fund, (or, if suoh 

source was not sufficient, to draw upon the treasurer to 

Bake up the deficiency), and distribute to counties on the 

basis of tax paid by the county. Townships were authorized 

to determine: 

"by the vote of the town meeting so assembled, 
whether or not any additional amount shall be 
raised by said township by tax or otherwise, 
for the election of a township school coarilttee 
and three district trustees to have immediate 
care of the schools. * — 9 

The first mention of such a committee for Woodbridge 

appears on the town records under date April 12, 1830. 

"By vote — school committee— Simeon !&mdy, 
Ralph M. Crowell, Peter Edj^r, Robert Lee, 
William P. Manning, Edgar Freeman, Richard 
Bloomfleld. 

The law of 1829 also stated that teachers were to be 

licensed by the totmshlp committee. These licenses were 

1 X«awe of New Jersey, 1820 — 125 — 6 1830 — 120 

1831—146 

2 Woody. Op. Oit. 



vr 



good for one year and could be revoked at ai^ time by the 

Conniittee. 

In 1848: 

"the townships were authorized to appoint a 
town Superintendent upon whom should devolve 
all the duties formerly performed by the 
township Committees. "—1 

In the appendix will be found a list of these officials 

who served In Woodbrldge Tovmshlp, beginning with James K. 

Brewster the first one to be elected. 

"This form of supervision was ineffective. 
The great n'unber of town superintendents 
riade inpossible any unifornlty of details. 
There were two hundred and fifty suoh of- 
ficers in tho state in 1867." — 2 

This office was abolished by legislation in 1866-67 

—3 
At one time denominational and parochial schools received 

part of the State School Funds but the section of the law 

permitting this was repealed in 1866. 

"Rivalries and Jealousies flamed up and many 
difficult and embarrassing questions came 
before the State Superintendent of Schools. 

»S-3 difficult was the administration of the 
law, and especially Section 12, that the 
Superintendent in 1866 recommended the re- 
peal of the latter, which was accomplished." — 4 

1 N. J. La.v7s. 72d Leg., 4th Sec, p. 146 <froa New 

Jersey — A History. American History Soo. 

2 New Jersey School Re;>ort — 1879 — p. 55 

3 New Jersey Laws 1865 — p. 971 

4 Woody — Q,. E. in Hew Jersey~p. 377 



"After public funds were withdrawn as a 
means of support, many of the chtirch 
Bchools languished or even became de- 
funct. Some ■became public schools, <•— -1 

"The Legislature of 1871 enacted the lavv 
which made the schools of New Jersey en- 
tirely free. The Im-oortsnt provisions of 
this law wei»e later ^876) Included as 
amendments to the constitution so that the 
State Legislature could not (1) appropri- 
ate or donate any school money for the 
'use of Bxty society, association or cor- 
poration' or (2) pass any *prlvate, local 
or special lav;s» providing for the manage- 
nent and support of free public schools, 
but must maintain and 'provide an efficient 
system of free public schools for the in- 
struction of ali children in the Stnte be- 
tween the ag'ee of five and eighteen years,"— 2 

In 1855 the Trenton Normal School was established and in 

1866 The State Board of Education cane into being. The year 

1867 was marked by legislation recasting the whole school 
system. The powers and duties of the State Board of Educa- 
tion were clearly defined, as were those of the State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction. 

The law also specified the manner of appointing County 
Superintendents, how they should be compensated and also their 
powers and duties. 

The old-time district trustee system, still remembered by 
many of us, was established. There wei»e to be three members 
on each board of trustees, one of whom was to be the "District 

1 Woody— Q. E. in New Jersey — p, 377 

2 New Jersey Laws, 1871, Cixap. D. VII (Hew Jersey, A 

History — Am, Hist. SooJ 



6t 



Clerk," and their powers and duties were enunerated. 

In 1884 the Compulsory Education law was enacted, and 
in 1894 the Township Act was passed iriien all the small 
school districts v;lthln the to^snshlp becaiae united under 
one board of education ( excepting the Boroushs and Cities.) 
This year was also the beglnnlns of the era of free text- 
books and supplies. 

It is reasonable to suppose that school legislation has 
not ceasedj that each type of school system ie adapted to 
its own period and that as social and economic changes occur, 
the forces that have caused educational developiaente in the 
past will operate again. ^?hat the type of organization of 
the future will be is hard to conjecture, but of a certain- 
ty there can be no reversion to old and worn-out systems, 
but, rather, to more economioal units of adciinistration un- 
der whatever name they may appear. 



60 



CHAPTIi^l VI 

TEXT BOOKS IN COLONIAL TIIJSS and LEGISLATION FOR SCHOOLS 

Textboo&s in Colonial tines v/ere very limited, 0il- 
worth*a Speller, New England Priner, Dllworth* s Aritiiine- 
tio, Noaii Webster's Speller and Readers, Sander's Readers, 
Nloholae Pike's Arithjaetio, Morse's CJeograpliy, Murray's 
Cfrraomar and Rose's Arltlimetic wei^ all in use. 

The ordinary district school was usually about six- 
teen feet square, built of logs and furnished with a few 
rough, home-made desks placed around the walls of the room 
for writins and rude slab benches, without baoks, for other 
purposes. Discipline was enforced by corporal punishment. 
School houi's were yary long. Education in early Colonial 
times was raainly religious. 

In the Constitution of New Jersey, 1776, no provisions 
wei*e made for education. A state school fund was founded 
in 1816, In 1820 townships were empowered to levy a tax 
for educational purposes. Law of 1829 specified an appro- 
priation of $20,000 from incone of the school fund for 
schools, and townships were authorised to raise, by tax, 
additional amounts required to appoint a Township School 
Ooonlttec and three district trustees. Teachers had to be 
licensed by the school ooniaittee. 



In 1848 town superintendent B replaced the School Com- 
mittee. Town superintendents abolished In 1866 and re- 
placed by County Superintendents, Private schools received 
state aid until 1866. New Jersey schools were made en- 
tirely "free" in 1871. New Jersey State Norrae.l School 
established in 1855, State school system was renodeled in 
1867. The "Three Tinistee" District Schools, T^lth a Dis- 
trict Clerk, were established in 1867. Coapulsory Educa- 
tion Act was passed in 1884, Township Act was passed in 
1894, making the township the unit of administration and 
Introducins free textbooks and supplies. 



CHAPTER VII 
OTHER SCHOOLS 
The Aoademy District School — No. 24 

ThlB building, a one-rooia edif ioe with a very large 
Yeetibule, long knoim as the Downtown Sohool, was erected 
in the fall of 1851 on the site that had been occupied by 
the old Woodbridge Acadeiay, and served districts five and 
six. The first trustees were Sllie S. Freeoan, elected 
for three yearej Jothara Ooddlngton for two years; and Ran- 
dolph Ooddington for one year. 

The first mention of any teaohere appears in the 
Board cash account when R. C. Cyphore received $62.00 in 
September, 1851, and in the following February Miss E. Oon- 
klin was paid $55.00. Other amounts were paid to them at 
irregular Intervals. Mr. Cyphers left hie position in 
December 1655, and was succeeded by Mr. B. 0. Hopkins, who 
was paid |110 per quarter. Other teachers mentioned in 
the records are Samuel Moore, Clorinda Bloodgood, Dwlght 
Kegwin, John Kelly, Charles 0. Holmes, Harriet Coddington, 
T. J. Dally, B, B. Xooum, 0. &. Haneook and D, Sprague, the 
last named closing the list in 1374. 

At one time the district is referred to in the records 
as No, 3, and in 1872 it is called District No. 24 for the 
first time, i?rtiich number it retained until it merged with 



•s 



the Strawberry Hill and Jefferson Districts, to erect the 
new graded school In 1876, 

The school, like others at the time, was supported hy 
state funds and surplus revenues, township tax raised at a 
fixed amount per pupil according to the census annually 
taken (which in 1863 was ^2.00 per head), the free -school 
lands' fund, and tuition fees. 

The minutes of the school meetings are vei^y meagre, 

many of them for a nuaher of years simply recording the 

election of trustees and then adjournment. At the annual 

meeting of April 8, 1866: 

"It was voted that a tax of fifteen cents 
per month he levied and collected from each 
and every scholar per month by the teacher. *— 1 

Tor many years the township superintendent was Dr. 
Bills B, Freeman, one of whose duties was to examine candi- 
dates for teaching positions. A young man appeared at his 
home to apply for a vacancy In the school, but upon being 
examined, he failed rather miserably, so the old doctor used 
to tell, and left, very much dejected. However, after an 
intei^yal of two weeks he appeared again and requested a re- 
examination, explaining that his previous failure was be- 
cause he had Just been married. Unfortunately, for him, 
some one else had received the appointment, probably some 

1 The District Minute Book. 



«4 



one who had no such cause for worry and mental confusion. 
Let us hope the young nian was more successful elsewhere. 

Near the old school, stood the ancient Presbyterian 
meeting house. Both of the buildings were eventually sold, 
Mr, Thomss H. Morris buying the latter and removing It to 
the reap of hl8 property on Rahway Avenue, where It re- 
mained for many years until torn down. 

The school building was moved after the merging of 
districts In 1376, to a lot adjacent to the old "Morris 
House" on Hahway Avenue, almost directly op^x)8lte to the 
old Pike House or Woodbridge Hotel, where It was used as 
the headquarters of the "Woodbrldge Independent Hour* news- 
paper which in 1877 carried the following advertisement In 
Its columns; 

"Positive Sale 

The sauLe of the Academy and Jefferson School 
propeirbles stands adjourned to Monday, April 
23, at 4 o'clock, P. H. at the new Public 
School Building, at which time the sale will 
positively take place. 

William H. Berry ) jj^g^ees 

Charles A. Campbell ) 

Howard Valentine, Clerk 
Woodbrldge New Jersey, April 5, 1877." 

Later, the old building was used as a Colored Baptist 

Qhux'chi then as Zimmerman and Edgar's Plumbing Shop. It 

was again sold to Mr. Owen Dunigan, another plumber, who 

moved it further up the avenue to a site on the banks of 



u 



Heard Brook where It soon fell Into complete decay and was 

demoliBhed. The picture . ehows the building undergoing the 

wrecking process. 

Strawberry Hill and Jefferson Schools 
Blstricts Ho. 7 and No. 25 

Vho record book containing the minutes of the meetings 
of the Strawberry Hill trustees dates from 1841. When the 
school, the sec-nd one on the famous hill, was erected seems 
not to be known. The condition of the book, because of its 
fine state of preservation, would suggest that there might 
have been earlier records. Tlie only entry on the minutes 
for 1841, records the election of five trustees, viz: 
Augustus Ooddington, Pavid N. Deraareat, Peter Melick, Eph- 
raim Gutter, and Jasjes M. Tappen. 

Hothing of particular interest appears until Noveober 
1, 1847, when it was ordered that the school house be ^ite- 
washed inside 8-nd outside, and that shutters be made for 
the school house windows. 

There was good reason for the shutters, for payments 
for putty and glass appear veiy frequently in the Cash Book. 
An item of Interest in this same book shows receipts from a 
aonoert amounting to #87.25. This amount may not have been 
net, for it is recorded that the tnistees paid |3.00 "for 
Passage oJP 12 Tocalists." It does not state, however, that 
the concert was held in the school house. 



66 



Ontil 1849, a female had taught the school, but in 

that year a motion was made and carried that: 

"A male teacher shall be employed for 1 
quarter (3 months) and that the said 
teacher be paid ^75.00 to commence April 
30, 1849. »—l 

This fortunate individual was Mr. S. S, Ensign, father 
of tho present S. C, Ensign, Secretary of the Board of Ed- 
ucation, who was also one of the Trustees of the school 
district. 

The oash book shows that Mr. Sneign was paid $1.76 
by Mr, Jeremiah Dally, the Treasui»er, for one-half dozen 
Sanders 3d Readers, purchased by him at 14s (a shilling 
was equal to twenty-five cents.) Probably these books 
were for the use of "Poor Children. * He was also paid 
thirty-one cents for more glass and putty. 

Two years afterwards, a spring was ordered to be dug 
in the hill at th» rear of the school house, "for the con- 
venience of the school,* No dotabt kind ne labors had been 
supplying drinking water for many years and so must have con- 
sidered this a progressive movement on the part of the Trus- 
tees. 

The school was evidently increasing in numbers, for on 
April 4, 1353, a motion was made and carried at the annual 
meeting, that: 

1 District Minute Book. 



•? 



»We have the upper room of our School 
House lathed and plastez*ed. "--l 

which waa accoxNllngly done under the supeirvlslon of Mr, 

Enslsn. 

In the following year, a subscription list was opened 
for the purpose of raising funds to fence in the school 
property, the list being circulated by Mr, Hampton Cutter 
and John H. Price. 

The following gentleiaan gave one dollar each, which 

appears to have been the maxiaum amount solicited: 

Hampton Cutter William Cutter 
S. S, Ensign David Demarest 

Peter Meliok Henry V. Wtlliama 

William S. Gutter David Ayres 
Wllliaja Hamed John H. Price 

William L. Burke — 2 

The year 1860 saw an important step taken by tiie 

Trustees, for at the annual meeting held April 2d that year 

at the school house, a motion was passed that; 

•The School Superintendent and two Trustees 
be requested to hp.ve this School District 
Incorporated, '♦—3 

and a second motion added, that: 

"The Trustees be requested to call a meet- 
ing of the legal voters in said District 
as soon as they incorporate, for the pur- 
pose of taking some measures to improve 
the School in said District, "—4 



1 District Minute Book. 

2 Ibid 

3 Ibid 

4 Ibid 



€6 



Tiro day 8 later It was resolved: 

"to apply to the Town School Superintend- 
ent to have the said District inoorporated 
ty the name of Fran£:lyn School."—! 

Events now began to move rapidly, for at a meeting 

held in the Strawberry Elll School House: 

"According to notice given by the Trustees 

of Jefferson, the adjoining district, set- 
ting forth the time and place and purpose 
of said meeting and set up ten days or 
more in three public places before the 
meeting oh Thursday, May 24, 1360 at 8 o'- 
clock p. m. "—2 

"The following votes rrere passed by a two- 
thirds vote of the tameable inhabitants so 
assenbled. Voted that the Trustees are 
authorized to sell eX public sale the 
Strawberiv Hill School House and the land 
attached, belonging to this district, and 
to appropriate the money received from the 
Bale' of said House and land to School pur- 
poses in this District, Voted that the 
Trustees be requested to ascertain and to 
report at our next meeting what suitable 
lots can be bought, and the price asked for 
then, for the pui*pose of building a School 
House thereon. Voted that we raise by tax- 
ation on all property in Jefferson School 
District for School purposes, Tliis year the 
SOB of |800 to be raised in addition to the 
money apportioned to said District by the 
State and Town. "—3 

The result of this important meeting was the pur- 
chase of thre« lots of William Harned: 

"situated on the South side of Ifeln road, 
between the house occupied by JosejAi Gil- 
man and property of William Bedman Jr. 



1 District Minute Book 

2 Ibid 
5 Ibid 



n 



for th« mm of $375.* — 1 

In October the same year, a meeting of the Jefferson 
School District was held at Valentine's Hall and a build- 
ing plan presented which had been prepared by a New Bruns- 
wick architect,. The plan was accepted and the Trustees 
authorized to erect the new school. 

Figures from the cssh book of l,Villiam Inslee, Trea- 
surer, of the Trustees of ifefferson District show: 

Vuly 7 — - — 1860 To Cash paid Alanson Nevrton 

for surveyins and deed § o.OO 

To postage ,06 

June 22 » To William Harned for lot of 

ground 53/100 acre 375. 00 

Deo. " To Cash for plan of School 

House 8, 00 

April 11 1861 Insurance on School House 6,00 

" 13— " Recording Deed 75 

* 13— " Carting 1 load of desks from 

Dock 75 

July 7 ~ " By Cash received of Hajnpton 

Clutter from the sale of old 

school house and lot (Strav/- 

berry Hill) 503,00*-l 

In 1861, Samuel E, Ensign was Treasurer of the Board of 
Trustees and his records show the following receipts and dis- 
bursements on account of the new Jefferson School: 

"From Ellis B. Freeman, Town Superintendent 

for Jefferson School House ^ 300,00 

* W, H, Berry for Bond and Mortgage 1000.00 

* William Inslee, April 29, Balance due 

District from Old School House 58.30 

* For old posts and rails 2.00 

Paid William B. Reid — 1st payment for building 

School house 500. 00 

» William B. Reid 2d payment 500.00 

1 District Minute Book. 



70 



Paid Willlaja B. Reid 3d and last payment on 

School house ^600.00 

* Hathanlel Johnson for Desks, CJhalrs, 

Tables and Blackboaj?ds 218. OO" — 1 

Prom this time on, the Strawberry Hill School District 
No. 7 aeems to have been merged with the Jefferson School 
District, the two thereafter being recorded under the titla 
Jefferson School District, 

Decidedly, an advance step had been taken by the two 

districts since the instaruotlons given to the Town School 

Superintendent and two Trustees April 2, 1860 to: 

"improve the school in said District. (Straw- 
berry Hill)". 

There is no doubt that the conferences they jaust have 
held with the Trustees of the Jefferson District led to the 
union of the two districts and the erection of an "up-to- 
date" school building such as was built on the Hamed lots. 

Six years afterwards, Kay 14, the Trustees ?/ere in- 
structed to dig a well and furnish a pump for the school at 
a cost of $120 and a girder was ordered to be placed under 
the ceiling "to stay the roof of the school building." It 
was also ordered "to put a foundation under the chimney." 

Xt did not seem to be the custom In the early days 
when building a school to supply drinking water facilities for 
the children. The Strawberry Hill School, and also the 

1 District Minute Book. 



n 



Aoadeiqy, No. 24, (Downtown District School) were In this 
oategory. Giilldron from the last mentioned building se- 
cured their drinking water from the well on the property 
of Mr. J", H, Thayer Mnx'tin, p.t the corner of Freeraan Street 
and Rahway Avenue. At the present tine, this well is 
covered with a large flagstone and Is still to he seen. 

On the following September 4, the Trustees net again 
on a special call for the purpose of electing a District 
Cleric, and Charles F. Mawrbey reoeivod a unanimous vote, 
thereby gaining the distinction of being the first one to 
hold this new office in his district. 

Either the contractor oi' the architect must have boen 
at fault in the construction of the school to cal 1 for 
strengthening the btiildlng with a girder. CaloulatlonB 
must have gone astray. 

Jn 1868, at the April meeting, the Secretary stated 
that a number of repairs had to be made and *a well had to 
be dug." Why the well hadn't been dug before this Is not 
stated, but probably the nelghboz^s had reached the breaking 
point and had protested to the Trustees s-galnst the olank- 
ing of the pump handle on their premises at all hours of the 
day by the school children and had forced action. Sanuel 
Dally had the Job done for $56.10. 

The district la referred to as "School District No. 24, 
Woodbrldge, Middlesex County," In the minutes of the Annual 



72 



Meeting held April 91, 1869 and report was made: 

■that the Girder hfd been put in the school 
house end the well dug as per order of the 
last Spring meeting. Also that the School 
was in full operation -:7lth 150 children en- 
rolled under the C8re of two teaohers snd 
that the Trustees beli^vsd the school v/as 
not to be excelled In the country." 1 

What a splendid report, and how proud the community 
mast have felt when they read the statement in the newa- 
papera, for no doubt the meeting was reported. But what 
of the teachers? How happy they must have felt, and how 
encouraged, especially the Primary room teacher vjho pro- 
bably had a mere bagatelle of 70 or 80 youngsters on the 
roll. 

School matters seem to havo run rather smoothly un- 
til February 7, 1871, when at a meeting of the Board of 
Trustees held at the house of C. M. Dally: 

*Xt xi&s moved and cai^'ried Y/hereas, as Our 
Funds '-re not aufficient to oariy on the 
School (Jefferson) for the Coning Year, 
at the present expenses. Therefore re- 
solved that the Clerk be authorized to no- 
tify J. V^.ai'd Snlth, the Principal, that 
His Services will not be required after 
the First of April next as Tercher, "— 2_ 

A committee was also appointed, eonaisting of Sainuelf 

E. Ensign and J'oslah C, Cutter: 

"to procure a Peinale Teacher, to tc-^ke Ch-rr,e 
of the School the First of April 1871. »— ^3 



1 District Minute Book. 

2 Ibid. 

3 Xbk3, 



n 



When Mr. Wejpd anlth was Informed of the action of the 
Trustees, he at once protested, stating that he understood 
he was "Hired for the School Year ending July 31, 1871." 

A special meeting of the Board was held to reconsider 

his case and It was decided to continue the gentleman "at 

the same rate" until the date he had mentioned. However, 

the minutes of the meeting read: 

"Provided that there Is satlsf^^otion given 
between Teacher and Trustees In perform- 
ance of Duty." — 1 

In June of the same year, another meeting was held at 

the home of Mr. Dally and the following resolutions passed: 

"1st Moved and Carried that no Scholar be re- 
ceived from other Districts, without con- 
sent of Trustees, pay required If admitted. 

2nd That there be 8 weeks vacation during the 
year, 6 in eummer and 2 at the Holidays, 
School to be Kept open 11 Months of 4 weeks 
each. 

3rd That Mr. Smith be employed until April 

first 1872 at the same rate ($70) per month, 
provided satlsf.-i^ctlon Is given — and If the 
funds are out, to wait awhile until collected. 

4th As Mr. Smith of Aadioy wants the School House 
to hold a Concert, that we let him have It 
but hereafter Moved and Carried that the 
Trustees do not let It for any purpose, as 
there Is a Hall in the place to Hire. " — 2 

The fine reputation of the school must have been at- 
tracting the attention of parents In the neighboring school 
districts and some "outside" children had been enrolled. 



1 District Minute Book. 

2 Ibid. 



t4 



As the school was sruoh crowded, the Tznistees probably 
deemed the first resolution a wise move. 

The second resolution is quite definite, clearly- 
fixing the length of the school year. "The Holidays,* 
meant Ohrietmas Holidays. 

The cloud of financial embarrassment of the previous 
year must have passed over, for Mr. Smith continued to 
give satisfaction and probably he was willing "to wait a- 
while* for his salary if necessary. 

The fourth resolution shows the evident desire of the 
school authorities to cooperate with honest citizens vho 
had gently suggested to them that they objected to such com- 
petition. 

Th9 continued growth of the school prompted a special 

meeting of the Trustees to be called in September "for th» 

puz*pose of taJilng Into consideration a better accommodation 

in the school z*oom." With this in view: 

*It was moved and carried that the Trustees 
have a partition put through t, he Center of 
the Large room, making two rooms for to ac- 
commodate both Teachers." — 1 

Two teachers must have been occupying the room down- 
stairs beofcuse the partition was placed in that room. Let 
us hope that they thorousWy appreciated the division that 
was made. 

1 District Minute Book. 



70 



At the end of the month. Miss Fanny Kelly resigned and 
MlBB Sardinia Frazee was elected to fill her place, at the 
salary of $100 per quarter. In October, lb*. Ward Smith re- 
Blgned as Principal and Mlse Frazee took hie place at an In- 
creased salary. Mies Prlscllla Davis was then made First 
Assistant at a salsjry of $115 per quarter and: 

"It was also moved and carried, as Miss 
Fanny Kelly has consented to return to 
the school; We eoploy her as Second 
Assistant at |75 per Quarter. "—1 

Xn the following year It seems that a number of schol- 
ars had left the school to attend a parish school In the dis- 
trict. This was unfortunate for teacher Fanny Kelly, because 
this decrease in enrollment caused her to be dropped from 
th© faculty. 

On the 15th of July It was decided to return to a lisle 
Principal, and Mr. Henry Anderson* s offer of |80 per month 
was accepted, h© beine engaged for a year of tan school months; 
"provided he gives sattsf £ ction. " 

Another progressive step was talcea in 1873, for at a reg- 
ular meeting of the Board of Trustees held December 14, a 
motion was made: 

"to procure a Library for th© scdiool, being 
informed by the State Superintendent that 
by raising |20 by Subscription He would send 
the School |50 worth of Books. It was moved 
and carried that We raise the Amount. "—2 

1 District Minute Book, 

2 Ibid. 



71 



Little of moment happened In connection with the 
Bohools until 1875, when a notice was given to the le- 
gal voters of the Jefferson School District No. 25, and 
the Aoadesiy District No. 24, to meet at the Uasonlo Hall 
on Frlds^, the 9th of July, for the puJT>ose of voting on 
a proposition to unite In establishing and maintaining 
a graded school in accordance with the provisions of See- 
61 of the School Law. 

At this meeting, Mr. 0. W. Boynton v/as elected Chair- 
man and Mr, Howard Valentine, QecretsTy, County Superin- 
tendent of Schools, Mr. Ralpto Willis, father of the late 
Superintendent of Schools, H. Brewster Willis, so well 
known to many of the Woodbridge citizens in memories of 
their school days, explained the advantages that would ac- 
crue fr-oa the consolidation of the two districts and the ad- 
Vantages of a graded school. 

The vote was polled by school districts, thei 

"Aoadesiy district No. 34, voting 19 in favor 
and 1 opTX)sed, Jefferson district voting 8 
in favor and 1 opposed. "—1 

a total of 29 votes being cast for so Important a proposi- 
tion. 

The following gentlemen were then elected as Trustees 
to serve for both district* until the next annual election, 

1 District Minute Book. 



77 



viz: C. W. Boynton, C. 0. Dally, and C. A. Campbell, 

The new oonsolldated district was to be known as 
Woodbrldse School District No. 24. The action of the 
Toters was approved by County Superintendent Ralph Wil- 
lis, and by Mr. Ellis A. Apsar, State Superintendent of 
Public Intruotion. 

At the annual election which was held September 6, 
1875, at the Jefferson School House, Mr. Howard Valentine 
was elected Trustee for thi^ee years, W, H. Berry for two 
years, and C. A. Canjpbell for one year. 

The record of this election closes the old minute 
book which had been opened in 1841 as the record of the 
Strawbeiry Hill, No. 7, School District. 

In the appendix to this thesis will be found addi- 
tional interesting statistics of these school districts re- 
garding teachers, tru.steea, financial reports, and a few 
other matters. 

A new era in education had begun in the township. 



n 



CHAPTER VII 

Sujamarsr 
OTHER SCHOOLS 

Academy district school erected 1851 had R. 0. 
Cyphers aa first teacher succeeded by B. C. Hopklna. 

School was supported by various funds and tuition 
fees. Town Superintendent Dr. Ellis B. Freeman 
exanined teacher candidates. 

School building was moved to lower Plahway Avenue 
after Strawberry Kill, Ho. 7 and J^effersoa No. 24 
merged, Strawbeiry Hill No, 7 and Jefferson No. 24 
recoi«4 book dates from 1841, 

l£r, S. S. Snsign appointed teacher in 1849, 

Subscription list opened to build school fence. 
A motion was made to incorporate Strawberry Hill as 
Franklyn School. 

Strawberry Hill school oz^ered to be sold, and 
the proceeds used to purchase property for a new school 
in conjunction wl-Ui Jefferson, 

Excerpts from cash book show costs of new school. 
Charles P. Mawbey, the first District Clerk. 

Shortage of school funds 1^1 occurred. Principal 
Ward anith was to be dropped. Rules were passed relating 
to attendance of outsiders, tuition, Taoationa, school 
year and use of building for extra-curricular purposes. 



T» 



Ohc-^ngos were raado In tlie teaching personnel. 

Opening of a Pari eh sohooX reduoed pabUo sk^oI 
enrollismit. 

Henry .Anderson nado prlnolpal In X972 and soliool 
llls^ax^ stAi'ted In 1873* 

District voted to unite with Aor^dociy Mo, 25 to 
Iwlld new graded sohool. 

Mesere« C. ^» Boyntcm, Q« 0« Bally and 0. A* 
Cacspbell were to eex*?^ as trusteoa until next election. 

Anmial election was held Sentenbsr 1878 and Hoiirard 
Valentine, v/. H. Berry , 0» A. (Ja.npbell elected trusteoe 
for Woodbriaso District Ko. S4. 

Old Blnute bool: ends. Hew era begins. 



7fA 





OLd bchoal ^^/ 



O /toy^/nc o/d .rani- 






Af'^ci're /s /a. irr ^-r y/^/^ 



Oy-rr-n^Tt/i^Se.r' 



) 



THE HKW ORADSD SCHOOL 

The tloo elapsing between the ooneolldotlon of the two 
dletriots, Jefferson and Aoadesiy, wae a period of pi«epai'a» 
tlon. Ho doubt the town waa all agog over the progressive 
aotlon of the new Boa2*d of Trustees. Many an srguoent must 
have been heard In the old stores anong the "cracker barrel" 
or? tors, especially in the Oonnsoss & Snsign store, the scene 
of laany Trustee Ewotlngs, which was located at the Soutli- 
wcstom comer ot Aaiboy Avenue and Main Strvset, now, alas, 
gone the way of nany other relics of Revolutlonaxy dsys. 
Let us see what these new Trustees did. 

On October 1, 1876, a notice was sent out to the legal 

voters of School Disti'lot Mo. 24, that a special laeetlng 

would be held on the eleventh day of the same laonth at 8 o»- 

oloo!!; p. m. at the Masonic Hallt 

"for the purpose of considering the question 
of locating and erecting a school building 
and disposing of the present school pro- 
perty. Signed: H. Valentine ) 

G. A. Caapbell )Trusteei 
Willlan H. Beny ) "—1 

A unaniiaous vote was recorded at this meeting on the 

question of the expediency of erecting a new building and it 

was decided the school should be located within the follow- 

1 Minute Book. School Distriot IIo. 24 



80 



ing boundaries, viz; 

•At a point beclnnlns at woodbrlds© hotel 
tiienoe to Rowland's Corner, thenoe to 
stox^ of CooDoss and Enslon thenoo to the 
teiaperanoe lot and froa thenoe to the 
point of beglnnlns Woodbrld^o hotel on 
either aide of the streets ov within the 
said boundaries. "—1 

Two oltlaons, H, B. Freefflan and S, S, Snslgn, were 
appointed to act in conjunction with the trustees in lo- 
cating a desirable site. 

In January of the followlns year Mr, w, R, Berry re- 
porting for the oocmittee previously appointed to view 
lands, stated that two suitable plots had been found at a 
reasonable price and that the oocuaittee sugf.ested the build- 
ings 

"should be, say 71 x 112 feet, two etox'ies, 
six apartments, each BX-v^nas^ to be thrown 
into one roaa at will by raising the par- 
titions composed of l-rge sash, the lower ^ 
half of glass and capable of seating on eaedi 
floor 4W eoholpjfs, and in their opinion, 
would cost frca tre-nty to twenty-five thou- 
s^id dollai^s. •• 

ttm ooEioitte© deemed it inadvisable to erect a build- 
ing to aooojaaodfite a smaller nunber and thought such a 
bulldlns wot^d answer the defitands of the diatrlot for at 
least ten ye&rs. 

Tlie action of the ooiaalttee was approved and bonds 
were ordered Issued to defray the cost of the worfc, not to 

1 Mjiutt Book. School District No. 34 



82 



exooed twenty-five thousand doXlam, 

On« 0&n liasMslne tho scatMng orltlolan of th0 oldtiD- 
ers at the extravagant notions of these now Truetoee re- 
garding a schoolhouse. The audaolty of these aen in wast- 
lnc5 public Doney In the er*eotion of auoh an enoaraous build- 
ing that ne'^er oould be filled, was oondesned by aany a 
olrole of "atlolt-whlt tiers" and *8aT»waust box** expex*t8, we 
ma^ be sui^e, 

Howeyeri up-to-d^.te buelnese vamt with foreslgjit aore 
than usual had envisioned a grenter Woodbridge and knew 
irtiat they were doings »o they quietly went on with their 
worfe, althou^ a petition was recelvod signed by six oltl*. 
aena protesting against such ooREwnlty euloldal prooeedlntis. 

The site finally decided upon was the one offered by 
lir, JaEiee Valentine for the sua of tSOOO* Sealed propoeele 
for the erection of the new sohool building were received 
the following £Sarch, Itoefisre. Manning and Randolph getting the 
oari^enter oontraot for ^9700, and fSe, Wllllara B. Vanvoast the 
mason wortt for $7194. 

The work of erecting the building went on rapidly and 
on July 7> 1876, Mr. Henry Andez^eon was appointed as princi- 
pal. Later in the s^^e month Mlsa Sarah E. Eldridge was ap- 
pointed vice-principal, and f!rs. Kate A. Moore teacher* In 
Au^st, Mlaa Stsaa Mills received her appointment as a teacher 
in the new eohool and "Mr. J. P. Clarke aon» a bid of eohool 



8S 



&»^kM was aooepted. ** A clock v/ae also purchased from E. 

BoimxrA. 9t Conparjy of Broadway, Hew Xortc, for the sun of 

1^600, and a bell froa lleneloy A Llnberley at a price of 

30ff per pound, the welcht to be 1600 pounds. 

At L*>st the school was finished and v«it a meeting of 

the Board of Truoteee held In the new school January 6, 

1877: 

"the olerk was directed to request the 
CXergy of the town to conduct the de- 
dicatory exercises of the school Janu- 
ary 20 at l!oO p. ia«, also to Invite 
the state and Cotmty ^perlntendente 
to partloipfnte in the exGrol«es,*"l 

On action, (3ottlieb Stoebbe was appointed janitor, re- 
oeivins #35 per month for the first montJH '^loh later was in- 
creased to $360 per year« 

The following newe items have been taken froa a oopy 

of a Woodbridgo new(ix>aper, the Independent Hour, dated August 

17, 1076 J 

•a Bell for the i^Ubllo Soliool-Trustees con- 
sidered a bell for the new echool being 
erected, 'Of Course have a bell* for the 
Imildlng would be inooaplete without a 
bell in the tor/er; end v?e nevQr heard of 
a r>ublic jschool buildln*'^, oolloge or other 
educctic»)al edifice without ouoh facilities 
for calling the students to books or dle- 
faieslng theb to their happy homes. **— 3 

An editorial note in an ismie of the saoe papor for 

AU£:^0t 31, 1876, says referring to the new clock: 

1 i'lnute Book, School District No, 34 

2 Ibid 



84 



"Let two things b« observed— get a good 
olock, and fcsep It In sood time."—! 

The old olook is in good running order still and Icetps 

oxcallent tine* 

Independent Hour— BepteraDor 21, 1876 
Bell for the Publlo Sohool 

"The bell piirohasod b^y the Trustees for 
this bulldlns landed in this place on 
Monday, It le a Meneley bell welghlnG 
1500 pounds. Ui^on the out aide of the 
bell are raised Inscriptions reading 
as folloi7S} 

Sohool District Ho. 34 A, D. 1876 
Rowsrd Valentine^ D. C,) 
Wllllan I!, Berry jTrustesa 
Charles A. Campbell ) 
Menriing 8s Randolph— 0%rp©ntor8 
W. B. Vanroast & Co.— F-fesons 
■Wiadon is better than gold. «— 2 

What a splendid oenorlal to these nenj For nearly six- 
ty years the golden-tonsued bell has served the towi people 
faithfully and well. What meiswriee ollng ar(5und the old 
bell and clock I Hov laany of us have ollmbed the eteep stairs 
up through the tower pjad then through the wooden trap to peep 
out of the openini^s in the olook face and view the landscape 
stretctiing out at our feet} Scores of initials of school 
boys f?nd girls are oar^ed in the interior woodvorfe in the 
meohaniSEj roon. But hark I What is that Milrrlng noise? See, 
the great hacuaer is rising slowly. The olook is abc5Ut to 

1 Minute Book. Sohool District Ho, S4 

2 Ibid 



0trlk0, Craehl Omah! »Ti« twelr© o'clock. We ntust 
huny down before the principal octohas ua. 

Independent Hour 

!5over^or 2, 1076 

*A hondsone spli^ v/as plroed upon the tow- 
er of the public aohool building on Mon- 
day last. The epii^ supports a sUt vane 
eeyen feet in length, and below the vane 
large gUt letters,"—! 

Hoveaber 0, 1876 

"A lar^e ;-uid e::cellent clock fron the r'ao- 
t03Tr of ateers, S, V»', Howard A Ooiajxsny of 
Mew Xojrtc, who nc'Ae the Tribune clock nnd 
are the beat olo<:&; nsfcors in the country, 
was i^ut in runnins order, in the tov;er of 
Um Pohlio School Imilding yesterday. 

*The workfl are placed 35 feet from the diale 
n^tiieh are 6 feet in length which rapevonte 
the VOX4&8 beins affected by the ssalElng of 
the tower vjhen the bell is being wais. The 
clock oost #600 and is well worth the money,*— 3 

K0V6Bft>er 23, 1676 

*lSr, J. P. Clpj?feeon h.'^is obtained the con- 
tract anonc nunerous other applicant g to 
fui^ilsh deske for the teachers r-nd schol- 
ars in our labile s<^ido1 bulldins, The 
Soholcra deak i« known as the "Victor I!n.d- 
legr Brothers & Kone of CliloaGo. *♦• 



•laaaen not in use. Uie lid is let do«n and the 
d»6lc locked up, thus koepiiif; the books safe 
end free fi^ia duet and. dirt; the desk v-iien 
iocdced up being only about a foot in width. 



1 Woodbrid^e Independent Hour, Hovenber S, 1876, 

2 Ibid. Novenber 9. 

3 Ibid, Koveniber 23. 



86 



One huad]n»d and seventy of these deeke 
have been opdorod together with rive 
Office de^8 for the teacl-icrs, *— 1 

JoxTMnxy 18, 1077 

•The inhabitants of '.ToodbrldG© riro i*o- 
spectfiilly liwlted to bo ju'esent at the 
DedioEtory Hxerolses 
of tl» new 
Publlo School 3uildlns 
Vteodbridge, New Jersey 
on 
Saturday, January 20, 1877 at 
1|30 o'clock p. n,"— 3 

Th» paper also carried a notice to tlie le^^al voters 
of a neeting to authorize tlie Trustees to dispose of the 
present "public schools nnd. sca^ool property in the district* * 

Aaong those present at the interesting oereooniee i^ere 
Kp. Ellis ApsfiJP, State Superintendont of Public Instruction, 
Hew Brunsv/icfl:} Colonel A. t;. Janes, Rdltor of the Independent 
Houri and ^. Anderson, Sr. , Superintendent of Public Schools 
in Hahvay* 

Hr, Howard Valentine pr-esented the keys of the building 
to the principal, llr, Kemy Anderson, ssnd in his reaarks 
stated that the cost of the btiilding and the ground was about 
325,060 60 frjr and that there w^=s a deficit of about 060.00 
over end above the appropriations. Jtr, 'u» I!, Berry stated 
that ^2300 more would be necessary to comr>lete the building 

1 v/oodbrld;;e Indej^endent Hour, Novejaber 23, 1^6. 

2 Ibid, Januaiy 20, 1877, 



m 



tbrougbout ana put q proper f enoe around it. 

Inatdlatel^ following thd exorcises, a Beetlng of th« 

TrustGQA and voters of the dlatrlot wa« held In Uie school 

at whl<fli ?4r. Jianpton Outteri l^esldont of \,hs Board of 

Trustees of the First rreebyterlan Ohuroh of ♦yoodbrldgs, 

entered a fonaal protest f or» and in belmlf of, said Board 

of Trustees, sfiainst tli* disposition In eny wtiy of the ^ps^O" 

perty Jbiown as tlie Aoadeiqy School propei^y, olalcjlns said 

property as belonging to the Preebytorlan Churoh find 

"tloat the title sM own«r8iilp in and to the 
•aid property had never been parted with on 
the part of Bpld chureh," 

Ilotvylthstandlne thie pirotoet, the Aoadeay property was 
sold Metr^ 11, 1^0 to Kr, Joseph II, T. Mr^rtln at private 
sale for the eum of ;!700 on the underetcjiding that a public 
street was to be out thj:^uGb It v/iUiin a year and that If 
ueed for anything else ha would have to pay ^00 additional. 

Tilt Jefferson School was ©old at pUbllo auction to air, 
David P. Carpenter for ;^76, the building to be raoved froa 
the lot within nir^ty dr^s. 

The fate of the "Do^mtovm" Dietriot School ha« ti^wa 
told in a previous chapter. lEtie Jefferson soiiool was cjoved 
to the lot on ii^oh the liiadle&ex Water Company *s Buildii^ 
now stands at the west comer at Italn Street and Pe^rl Street 
and was used as a feed store » then as a Chinese lauiidry and 



88 



wae again mov«d to Its present location opposite the Lluni- 

olpal SulldinSj block Ho. 54^2A, where, dr©s8>jd up in a 

ooat of etuooo, it eerres as a gas, oil, and auto aooessory 

stp.tlon. 

The followlns staAf of toacfcora vaz appointed in July 

1077 tor the follov/lng yeajf J 

*Hi?# Henry Anderson^ Prlnoipal 
Kiss Helen R. Williams, Vloe-prlnoipal 
UX»B Kate A* ^ore 
Miss tJelly A, ?Lnsi^ 
rUss Ida Ayres 
Mies JllTKiie !.toore.*«-l 

The salary of the prijar^xy depfrtnant tras set at $300 
for eleven laonths. 

The board adopted the followlns echediile of rates to 

be effectJ.vf^ in aepteaber for non-reeldent pupils. 

" A Class 
B « 
« 
D • 

S • 

P « 4.00 « « «— 2 

The *A* Class vas the hirjiest oiase acoordinG to the 
grading* 

An additional teaoher, i^ss Hattie Stelle, was engaeed 
at a salajc^ not to eac<»eed 118,00 per montii. (k)ttlieb Stoeb- 
be oontinued as janitor* 

At a saoQtln^ of the Yioerd of Trustees held Seotember 



1 Xlinute Book, District Ho. 84 

2 Ibid. 



^9,00 


per 


quarter 


8.00 


H 


n 


7.00 


» 


« 


6,00 


tt 


R 


6,00 


B 


« 


4.00 


M 


M 1 



B9 



lOf 1878 a notion was made and carried! 

**That the oIoj.-*!;: notify Uuj :-x'iiiCipaX raid 
Teachers tliat ^Jhmi the chlldr*en iisod books, 
to r^Xvo thorn the narae of the books but not 
to reoomraend then to iiiiy ]>cU'tioulai' stoi^, 
but let theia set the boakB at argr atoi:^ 
vhere books are kept, as rizt Gomxtn & nx>- 
8i£in. C» Drake's, I'i, A, BroTim's, *lr». Luck- 
hurst's or elset^here,*— 1 

Saoh a aotion seeiss to Indicate th}a.t &. ooai^laint had 
been made tigr some atojra keepor t^t he wad not getting his 
shai*e of th^ textbook businese. 

The le«sth of the goOao^l tena wag fi:xsd at ten ©ontha 
!^ action of the 1*:mste0s on Jl'^^ 9, 1379* aad tlie following 
June the Ck>nrposite Iron Ctompaqy wa.3 aiffaMed a aont2»act to 
erect an iron fence ociaplete for tlj® mm of #800. Tiils 
fence stood for sku^ years, being r^iaoved at lest to Um 
rear of the school lot «^n th© grounde vasre t^raded and the 
present retaining wall oonstructed. 

According to the censua of August 187^, the niuaiber of 
children between 6 and 18 years of a^ la tlie school dis- 
trict was 673. Of tl>es«, th© ""rustees* Report of Jlaly 1, 
1380, shows til 'it 5{^ we.f© eixrolled in the isehool, the avei"- 
p^Q <3>nroljj!i9nt being 2S&I, bein© a percontage of 57.6, 

Ho reason vras assieiicd for such a small average en* 
rollnent, but as there was no coapulsory attendance law 
and no school official to enforce one, psphaps no better 

1 Iilinute Book. District Ifo. 34. 



90 



oould be Qxpectod, ?hore were seven teaohers eiaployed at 
this tics. 

A vory tntererattng and oodplstQ f Ins-noial j:^}X)2*t ^?e.s 
presented "in accoa»di\noe T/tth the requlroiaents of tlio 
School Law," snd is herewith gtveail 

lleceipts 

July 1» 1879-~Balanc0 in hands of Collector 

ajnd m process of oolleotlon. . . ? 1925.39 

Apport.tonjr.ont fror^ Stn.to ApDropriation 2580,80 

AKiount raised h^r District Tax. , . , 4040.00 

ABa>»»«t rfiQeiYnd -fiv^a oth*=;r S'Ouroegj 

Azotes dlsooimted. 1919. 73 

Sale of "^ohorjl piv^pearty-Aca- 
<ioc^ .J700 and Jef ::'0rson Scliool 

#375 1075.00 

Sale of Stomt (Jefferson Seliool. 3.44 
Hi^esutry Ts'ustoea* Freo School 

land , 80.00 

Tot£a m^24>.m 

£xponditur«»d 

Anstwmt expended toi' Teachers Salariee,.. ^ S770.00 

« « " Janitor's « ........ 300.00 

» « » I\l0l 190,81 

• » * Inoidentrls. 120.00 

*• " * Buiitiing; and nei-3f»la-*inE 

of School Propei-^ty 1659.13 

Bleooimtod noteo t?pid ,.........,*....•• 3250.00 

July 1, 1^0— Balanoe In lif.nds of Collector 

cMl In process of collsctlJiij. , , 235S.J?? 
Bolanod in hands of r/. H. Eterry fron sale of 

Sch^Tiol i'^ropert^'- 969. $0 

Balance In hands of C. W. DnusHnond, D. 0. 

Fi'ee School Luai 12.45 

Total...: m^M.a^*'^ 

1 Hlnute Book, Distrlot Ho. 94, 



91 



This balance of $3334, 49 (total of 39352.37, 5960.60, 
end ^2. 45} should be x^eduoed, beoauso a boitd of ^OCX) and 
two coupons $70, 00, due June 1, 1060, had not been iiro- 
scmted for payuent at the dat« of the reix>rt. As the sohool 
iiMsreasod In size, the seo r^ story was finished and put in-* 
to use as needed. C^a» sohooli\)om, the hallvray, ejnd & oloak- 
rooEi u^er© '♦finlahod ofjT" before tlae openlne of school in 
September. 

As & help to the teaciiers in their endeavors to ©»• 

force discipline, Uie Board paased the followins nile Jaiai- 

ary 27, 1881. 

"fhet we enpower the taaohere of tias yarious 
rooBS to iwiisJ-i til© ohllcii^en in tliela:* rooaa 
and If necessary to euapenti them for otm 
weeli, each )?u6i>enslon to be i^eportcd to the 
Trusieee, and if tlrie sane child is susper^i* 
ed tliree tines In t^ne tena the Tm^tees ssre 
to take the matter In hend, etc. "<— 1 

In March 1881 there was a Public Meetings »^ the school- 
house* 'Slvd ainount tlaought to be necesi;ary: 

•*to Liti.inteln a free i^ublio gcIjoxI -lie coning 
year; to fumiaii and 5nsui"e fJoi¥>ol imiiajjigs 
and for other om^rent expenses of the school 
was $3000, ••— 2 

One of tlie voters sueEested that ^500 laltSht be suffi- 
cient twt the laroer amount \mfl carried. Trda anount vR-is 
supplemented by a bala-nae In Uie I'lAnds of ths collector ?- 

1 Minute Book. District W>p 34. 

2 Ibid. 



92 



mounting to s74611.2X. 

On April 16, 1301, a ceetiiig was held at v/hloh Jftlea 

Helen R. WlHlaJae tendered her i^eBifi^natlon as Vioe-prlnol- 

pel, to take ©ffeot at tl*© olofio of th© laonth, and JSLss 

Eleanor S, lott, a teucJ^ej* In Mew !3runawlok> wag offered tiie 

vaoanoy at 580 per laonths 

"provided BhB atsn ho roleafled frora her pre- 
sent 9ns&g«Li«nt,^ 

•Hid olcvk was i^lfeo dli^ected to write to th© Board of 
Sdttoation of K6i«.' Bitiri«5v;lok z^orueGtiJig theaa to gi*ant h«r 
porsslssion tc accept th» position. It seetaa that Miss 
Lott oould not be rolaasad \:^ tli9 i^w Brunewlok Board ao 
BCias Rebeooa ffliaap was ensaged to ueaoh for Ulss V/iiiiaiatg 
uno:»pir&d tQxu, 

At the raeeting of the Triiatoes on JmI^ *?, -.... l. .uw 
year I, a letter w&e received from Cov\nty Superintendent 
Ralph Willie, stating tha.t he had reoelved the resignation 
of Mr. C* Am Campbell on aooount of Illness snd liad appoint- 
ed itr. Kowrjwl Valentine as ids ©uooessor. 

A motion was also oai^'iedt 

*?h£:t the principal and the vlce-prinoipal 
naifit hold a First Orcde Oounty or a State 
Certificate .=ind th-t the ter,cnor of ti;s 
Class shall hold not lesse than a second 
Grade County Cei-^lficate, aftl tfcit tills re- 
solution shall take effect on and after 
September 1, 18(0.."— 1 

1 f^nute Book. District 2fo« 34. 



•8 



The folloirli:^ list of applloants for teaoher post* 

tlons vrae &l80 raoelTedt 

"iv^r. K« L. Ander'son for Prinoijml, Mat tie 
J« Tlioncs of Haritan, Matv Jersey; and Krry 
T. Reed of Rohv/a^ for Vloe-prlJioipal. Nel- 
lio A, Enalsni Hiiry A. A-jooi-e, S;u-Eii A. 
MoEwon. Sdlth Scott, Garrl^ X» Dally, and 
Annlri v, Milldr foj:' ninocc* positions. "—1 

It was t^ Qustoia for raaniy years to have the te.^oh^rs 
apply for tholr reappointment at th© olose of the y^ar. 
It will be notlood that th© higher the grade, or olaas, th« 
hlg^r tlve oertJ^^ficiata, Th«re were three grr-des of Ooimty 
Oartlflc-tos and thrtje of State Oertlflo^tefs, the lowest b»» 
ins the third {::;rsde in oaoh class, litooond bM. Third Orjxde 
Ooimty oertlfioates trore - gcwj^.^la th© Cotinty of ifisue. 
Flrat Orf^d© County and a3LX State Certificates were good cn^-^ 
wliere in tho St.ato o::oeptin^ the oitles -M.tih had the rif^t 
to f^lvG e:sr*rainj;ti«m}3 and is3«e oei»tlficates ^od only in tJie 
olty issuing th&m* 

I5r« Joaeph R. T, Mpj^^ln stntedt 

•that he had tliot^it^t fiom3v*i<?.t f^ivine prisee 
to Uiio joBt soholcrs In cr.oh rocaa. .AjDtd th-^.t 
be now w>uld nj>Jcc the tender of ;K>00, to the 
Board of Trustees to be divided up for priaes 
in each rooci as they thoudtit :3roper* "-— S 

On July 14, laai the following teaohero were appoint- 
ed for the enaulng year «in the oapacity set opposite their 
names I" 



1 Minute Book* Difltrlot Ho. 34. 
S Ibid, 



I»4 



*E. L* AiidertBOtt as Principal, SaIaz*^ $10CXD 
. « ♦ Vloe-TTlnclpel* 

Helen A, Sneisn-teAOher C ol'5»Brooa 360 
Uax^ A. Mooro » 15 « 300 

Sarah A, KcIOwen * S * 250 

Edith Soott •♦ V • PAO 

Gax^rio 1. Dally * G » 350 "—1 

Resolutions war© also adopted on tho deeth of l!r, 

Charles A. Cc'japbell, late Trustee. SELaa fettle J, Thotans 

had been eeoureA fo? tha Vloe-prlnolj/^ilahtlp since ttie last 

aeetlns at a salnjfy of 5J6CO and tha oossaltteo appolntuent 

«a0 ooafir^^sd, 

Th« Batter of ptrizes oaioa up for dlsouasion in 3ept«s» 

hov and the plan sxif^^ested by Principal S# L. Andarson was 

adoptedt 

*Tor the eoholfir having? beot gansral averw 
oee, best deportnent, etc., In the differ^ 
ent divlBions as folXowaj 

One (*rand Prlae—jTojC* scholar n^sXlns 

-•^reab^Gt Inriiro valient 
in -.irhola sohool, F^nd 



1st Dlvlslon-Roon A At 


end 


*oi' 


• . « 4 

1^ J 


^'juiy'i* 


10. 


3 " 


« 


fl 


H 




M 


10. 


•♦ 


it 


» 


(♦ 


i> 


K 


10. 


J> •• 


M 


M 


M 


N 


« 


10. 


B « 


^ 


n 


n 


H 


H 


10. 


P rt 


« 


tt 


i« 


« 


N 


10. 


2nd Dlvtsion-Hooia A *• 


A 


n 


n 


tl 


II 


10. 


B " 


11 


« 


» 


rt 


H 


10. 


« 


•1 


It 


« 


If 


t« 


10. 


D •♦ 


n 


It 


« 


t« 


II 


10, 


S « 


t» 


« 


n 


tt 


•1 


10. 


y «♦ 


H 


n 


n 


It 


H 


10. 



Minute Hook, Dlstpiot Ho. f>l. 



9& 



fO* scholcro pnsatns boot ex^yalnatlon 

1st Dlvlslon-Hocjn x 3 10. 

" B 10. 

« C 10. 

Snd UlvlBlon-Roon A 5. 

" C. 0, 

Poi' best bohivtor till Oiri'itnas-Rooa 6. 
« •« « • end of tona » *• 5. 

Total of pJU T«»lsie8 qSOO.** 

tlie «Yldc.:t ppaotloal lntat*e9t of 'fmntQe l-tartln was 
dlsplayod la tills splendid contribution for prises find no 
dcmbt oroated quite a furore in tHe district, 3uc^ pub- 
lic spirited oltlzens were rr^r© and, for thr.t matter, are 

90 tOdl'.i", 

In Octob'^r a bill for ^!!P?^ vae paid for "trlnminfi; for 
ths sobool house in honor of J^resldent O^rfleld," whoa© 
death had oecurr»©d September 19 after belx^ shot by the as- 
sassin aiiteau the previous July. 

Doni?.ld McVicar received the oontrf^ot •for finishing 
off the CloeJte ajvl the H. E, Room urjatilrs ?,% Sehool House. • 
His fifeiui^e was ^75. 

ftm meeting of December 30, 1881 v/as held at the resi- 
dence of iJSr. Josei:^ Martin? 

*It was stated that the Chri9tm'=>.s prizes 
•w-pre '^.-"■x'ri.ed to the following sohol.'^rst 

1 Ittnute 30-*. Dl strict 5Jo. 24, 



06 



]fl88 Badle Brewstexwlst Olvision-HooD A*'3lO. 

UXbu LuslXa Kel3or. . 3nd " * * Q, 

Hits HoBii* Clai^floii 2nd ** ** B 5* 

mat Lulu Boynton Ist " " * 10. 

Mice MaGde Levi let *• ••0 10. 

Mita Aima Hll8doi»f Snd * " « 6. 

Mltf Sanft iloiirbaok for Qood Behavior a 5, i**-l 

A notion laai^lng en lupcKrtant opot^ In the loo^l eohool 

pollOQr ^ms al0o passed &■ follows} 

"Eesolveds that we give to the soholr^ji^e 
eoQpletlns the oourse of study In the 
school a CertlflOA-ito of aradU'^tion."— 2 

Xn 1082, in aooordanoe with the new school law, the 
Annual Elleotlon of Trustees was held M^urah Si, notice hav- 
ing previously heen posted bgr the District Qlez^c. 

The following June oawe tJie raomentotts awarding of the 
Joseph Martin prises. This was done by the full Board af- 
ter exsaalnlng the rooords of the pupils presented tor the 
teftohers, the deoielon being thati 

■the Prize Money donated hy Mr, Joseph T. 
Uartin should be distrilTUted as follows t 

•The (b'and prize of ^38 to Hie a Jennie 
Berry^Rooia B. IJho had aade the highest 
average and the other prizes tos 

fir. Sidney Pearson-let DiYlsion-Hocm A»*tlO. 



Helen Clarfc;s(»ir-™'-3nA 
Mebel Preeowv- . — — Ist 
Mamie Claz^son*-— i3nd 

Kay Pinb— .^ ~3nd 

HaiBie Levi-—— — —Ist 
Annie Hllsdorf-™«3nd 
Annie KlEsaer— — — -Ist 



1 ^^jaute Book. District No. 24. 

2 - J7-/c/ 



» iU-lO . 

• B— 10. 

•• B— 5, 

• B— 6. 

• 0— 10. 

" D— 10. 



07 



Ifcgr Kelly«~ — nnd Divislon^RooB 0«*43lOft 

Irene Cl-^jilcson-— — Ist * " B— XO. 

Wlllio Berr3r-™~3nd » " S— 10. 

Qeorgla 25oynton~lst " *• F— 10. 

Xat0 Hahoaey— —— 2ad " " F— 10, 

Belle Pnn^on " Ck- 5, 

Honxy Honend ** K— 5. " :/ 

Gertlfloatoe wej?« signed for those ooiapl©t.lns the 

course, vlai 

Sldnej Pearson 
Sadl© Brewster 
Clara ii«liak 
lAilu Bloodgood 

' This Is the first graduating 
Olaee froa the graded sol^iool.'" 

On Deoeiiber 29, lasS, Mr. W, H. Berry stated thRt he 

had received an offer froa I4p, B, Dunigan to i^urohase the 

Jefferson school lot on terns as follows i 

*5S00 oa^ to close bargain. Eight hun- 
dred cash in thirty disys end the balance 
$800 in a mortgage upon the property. •♦ 2.. 

Mr. BerzT^ was esipowered to accept the oash and close 

th0 bargain. 

On January S» 1883, a progresslTe nove in relation to 

teaching training was cade at a noeting of the Bocrd hold 

on this Oatet 

"Ifoved and Seoondsd that the Trustees will 

expect th» teachers they employ to have 

soiae liovmaX Training in the siethods of 

teaohiiis. This resolution to take itffeot 

on r^na vfter September 1, 1884, Carried," ^3 

/. fl//'?fuA Boo A: - J7),sfy^cti ^yi 

2.ILJJ 
3. The/ 



fS 



The Trustoet were Vmb beginning to recognize the fact 
that the eicipXe poeseesicai of & tQwoUcmv^B cartifioate was 
not necessarlXjT an Indication that a pereon oouXd teach. 

At the Anim^ Sohool f^leeting of the district, fterdx 20, 
the District Cleiic had in hie report to the yotere a state* 
Kent that there were elfiht teacher a en^loyed for eleven 
nonths, 794 children between the agee of five and eighteen 
years In the dletrlot ?»jid 523 ohlldroR attending soiiool. 

On Mfiroh 4, 1883, ^tr, W. H. Berxy was given eharge of 
the money received fron the sale of the Jeffereon School lot 
and it was understood that \vlth this wmey he should contract 
for flagging the wsslk in front of the sohool house snd to 
the front steps on each side and also "^to contract for build* 
ing a picket fence on the east side of ^le lot.<* One thou- 
sand dollars had been paid in cash for the lot and a mortgage 
for $800p given for the balance, by the St* James d^uuHsh. 

On June 25, 1883, Mr« Donald MoTloar was given the con- 
tract "to finish off the center rooms upstairs* fop $$48. 

Mr* J» C. Ashley was appointed as Janitor to suooeod ?&•• 
Oeorge Kelly at a sal.^ry of 191.00 per month. 

On June 37, 1883 the following prlzos were awarded froa 
the mciney given by I4r. J. R. Hajftin for that parpoee for the 
past yftart 



90 



*71i« drrcmd Pi^ao wp.b divided betweon Miss 
Helen Clarkson and liisa XaiIu Boynton^ 

012, GO ©ao2ir-Total~ $95, 

Mies (Iraoe Allan 1st Oivision-Hooia A 10. 

Mlaa Belle Mddletcn— Cnd « * * .10. 

" Hellle Baynton Ist * « B 5. 

« Msnie Cloi^son lat " " " 5. 

* Jaawie Levi 2nd ♦• « " ,. 10. 

" 3adie Levi 1st •» "• ....... 10. 

" AimlO Kiiaiaei* 2nd « « » 10. 

■ Irene Clarkson 1st " " D ,., 10. 

* Slsle Lawioii 2nd » « " 10. 

" Kate Kahon^ 1st « * S 10, 

" aeoi'gle Boynton 2nd " " ** 10. 

■ Thaveea Dunn let " •» P 10, 

* Ssasia Rahi^<aa 3nd " " * • 10, " _^ 

Ho anounte are plaoed opi>osite the naoes ot liiea Beatrice 
TiiHs. and Mise tii^zie Quloe^ pupils of btise Aoker, and Henz^ 
Seigelkoff and Joseph llolan In Miss ss^adie Breveter's olass, 
these pupils being reoordsd as first and second in tlieir re« 
spective classes, 

\fe nigjit infer from the foregoing list that girls as a 
Ola 00 are better sohol&rs then boysi &nd in oorapi^rieon with 
the tDrevious list of prisie winners, that it's a foregone con- 
clusion \»1:k) will win raost of tha prizes offered; or that boys 
don't cere to ooEr,7ete for r«*iaes anyway. 

On July 2, 1885, another prosreseive aotlon on the part 

of the School Trustees appears on the MlnuLtsH of the Board 

under this date as follo\?st 

•♦Moved and Seconded that Miss H, A. StofS^ 
be allowed to be the first of the teach>- 
ere to attexkl the tJonnal School, Carried, 

"Moved and Seconded that the other teachers ^^ 
jittend In the order that Miss Thomse (the ^ 
prinolpiil) nay approve** 



2. X^yJ 



100 



A fabatltute was anployed by the Board to talc« Mies 
Moore's oXass. A latter from Sllsa ICdlth Soott was also re- 
celvsd, reciueatlns that ahe be released for the term In or- 
der that she olght attend the Nonsal Sohool. The release 
was granted. 

ProgresEive action on the part ot a Board is usualljr 
followed by slailli^ action on the jxart of its teachers. The 
professional leaven implanted hy the Trustees induced pro- 
fessional spirit In its teachersi resulting in laproved In- 
struction for the children. 

At a later jaeetlng, Illss Oarrle I, Dally Inforraed the 
Ztoard that she would attend the Horia&l School in place o f 
tfles Stoore ^^ could not go until the next February, Other 
teachers took advantp^e of the Board^s action in this taatter 
as tiae elapsed. 

On February 22, 18S4, the District Clerk was re^juested 
to confer with the school npohiteots, 0. ^ahaa and SonSi and 
with Manning & Randolph, the builders, regRrdlns the report 
that had been niade by Mr. Zngrahaia and Up» Sutton that the 
school floors were settling. 

At the Annual Sleeting held Maxeh 18, there were report- 
ed 786 children in the district according to the school cen- 
sus of the previous Uay, 

"Haroh 14 the number enrolled on the school 
registers in the various roons are as follows: 



XOI 



Registers: 

Room of Hiss M. J. Thomas 35«>*now preeent 30 

•• •• * M. A, Hbnnell 38— •• " 33 

» •• •• hU A. Moore 65— « • 50 

" •• • «. T, Reed 55— •» " 53 

•• •• « 0* I, Dally 69— " « 54 

" " •• R. A. Mller 70— « " 55 

* •• *• a. Ramed 69— •• •• 05 

* •• ♦• H. A. Clarkson i80— ^ » " 70 

Total on roll 579 and now 

In school 408 

In 1382 enrollnient for year was 384 

* " average attenOanoe * 181 

* 1883 enrollment for year was 648 _^ 
" • average attendance * 378 * 7 

ISlae OlATkeoii had the lo^^est grade and vrae also paid the 
lowest salary. The prevailing notion at that period, and for 
naay years, was that little or no skill was neoeseary to teaoh 
tlie First (}rade ohildren ajid thr.t, th«refoi*e, the lowest sal- 
ary should be attached to that position, Portunrtely, lass 
Clarkson happened to be of the stuff of which good teachers 
are laaie, her advanoenent and suooese In later years proving 
this. 

The enrollnent, of course, oovered ev&ry naae that had 
appeared on the it»tiister, if for only a day, but an average 
of 70 in a Ola ^8 rooa, ^x 30, was certainly too nany for 
one teacher, VJhet uid she do with theffl and how did she do 
it? 

At this Keetinfs the proposition of ind'oaslns the Bonxd 
aenbr;rship from three to alx oojae up but was defeated. 



_/ ??7hrccM ::sooh . y/stY/af. ^^ 



102 



Th0 Board smetlns of June 25, 1384, was held at th* 
reeidenoe of iSp, '»V, H. Berry, and the Joseph Martin prizes, 
totaling ^156, were awarded as follows t 



Ct 



Boon iy— Teaoher. Miss Thomas (Prlnolr)al) 
The aa-and Frlse had to be divided 



anoas three students, vis: 

Mies Isabel Freeiaan ^ 3.55 

■ Belle Mlddloton 8,35 

K&ster Fraiik Harned ♦ , , , , 8. 36 

^ 110>00 

let Division— Lulu Keller, 5.00 

" * Jennie aQ-Yy 5. 00 



UP. 00 

LarksBi 



3nd Division— Mflffll© Clarkeion 5,00 

* * Melllo Soynton. 5.00 

^aaa j^Teaoher, Miss K, A, Honnell (Vloe-prlnc. ) 

1st Dlvl8lo»— Manlt tevi 10,00 

2nd •» Magglft lllller 10,00 

Rqo^ ^<— Teaoher, Miss M, A. Koore 

Ist Division— May Kelly, , 10.00 

lio.oo 

Jfed * Georgia Boynton 5, 00 

" * Anna Slesolkoff 5,00 

^glgg J2— Teaoher, Ules U, ?. Heed 

let Dlvlsloi^— Ellen Kenna 10,00 

Sad * Wallace Lee 10.00 

^gaa £— Teacher, Kiss Clara Aoker 

1st Division— Henry Roraond 8.00 

^3d ** Lena Jordan 5, 00 

^£1^ i|r*7eaoher. Hiss Oraoe F, Hamed 

1st Division— Thocrpson Dally 6,00 

Snd » Henry Slegelkoff 5.00 



103 



Room B— Teacher > Wlsb H. A. Olarkeson 
lat Dlvlalon— Nettle Phlllln 5.00 

and •• wnut p«ith* 5,00 

Dlplonae of Oraauatlon wore also awarded to the follow- 
ing students t 

H1»0 Mabel Freeiaan Mies Hellle Ahe^nm 
* Louisa H, Boynton * Hose lAirraj 



■ Llbble Potter * Florence Flood 

" Belle Mlddleton •* Carrie a. Brotm 

" Llllie 3rowi " Fannie Farron 

" Amy Brewster * Lulu Kelly 

" Jennie Berry Master Prank Hamed jZ. 

Uo doubt the (Jrand Prize vlnnere were aadly dl3<ipTx>lnt- 
ed at eaeh receiving $8»d5 instead of the greatly desired 
^26.00. They didn't even get a ten-dollar bill. Ifenle l^vi 
and I'lassle Killer EMst have been mioh better satisfied thsw 
they, for they each received ten dollars. 

It Was no use to ocaaplaln, beoause It oould be shorm by 
the rules of ORthetaatlos that It figured out exactly 97 d/7f> 
for e&oh one of then. They had been eduoated up to a halr*s 
breadth of eaoh other aM It was Icipossible to detect any men- 
tal differences. In fact, they w»re true, nental triplets. 

When the Board set In July, nr. J. F, Clarke son was ea- 
ployed to raise the floors, the Trustees supplying the eiater- 
lal. This ^as done by using iron rods atta^ied to trusses in 
the attic and suspending the floors from thea after Jao&ing 
thoD up. The loimr floors were supported by a nuober of Iron 
plllors set up on the baseoent floors. This work nay still be 



KM 



Been and hr*8 ©very app©aranc« of having net all the re-» 

quli'enantfl for vrtiloh It was devised, Nattirally, It did 

not add to the appearanoe of the olaas rooms and some 

pupil floor space was lost. 

^ Joseph H. T. Martin Donation 

The Prize winners 

for year ending June 84, 1885 

Bo(m A— J^flee Thonae ?cachsr-*Sarah Pleraon-SB lAO-310 
n n n Mjalok " —Mary Ashley... 98 5A0- 10 

* B * Reed 

1st Dlvlslon-May Kelly 99 O/IO- 10 
2nd " Gertrude I^vl 97 8/10- 10 

* » Miller Teacher 

let Dlvl8lOi>-Edlth EdgaJP &9 8/10- 25 
Snd " Nellie Newtosu $9 - 10 

* D •* 300 tt Teaoher 

1st Dlvlslon-Annle Oolden 96 4/10- 10 
3nd «♦ Macde Oerlty 89 - 10 

* S » Dally Ten Cher 

lat DlvlBlon-Henx^ Rociond 98 6A0- 10 
2ai * l«l2;zlo Andereon9d 3/10- 5 

* F * Aoker Teaoher 

1st Division-John Ohlott 92 - 10 
2nd •• Irving Deiaai"^st92 1/10- 5 

* * Kamed Teaoher 

lat Dlvlalon-Henry Johnson 95 6/10- 5 

2nd ** Sddle Anderson 94 - 5 

•♦ H * Ayres Teacher 

1st Dlvlslon-Martln Sohnelder92 - 5 

2nd " Kate J^jDonald 91 l/lO- 5 

"I * Parron Tonolvsr 

1st DlYle Ion-Henry Anderson 92 sAO- 5 
2ad " Johnjile nta- 

patrlok 89 6/10- 5 



J, 



A Btudy of the forego InG figures shows that a differ- 
ence of 2/10 of 1 per oent ooct ^tey Kelly just 315.00 cash. 



105 



Tin»»t9nth8 of 1 -p^r oent would hare mtA» Mlth Sdgar that 

sobolafltlo G^yth., tho obsoluteljr i3athefiiatiO£Xljr perfeot 

sohol/^* Bat «^t t0AOh0x; haa e^r had thd tecerity to 

m^k a psrlzG isrinnei* lOQ^i The dlfftrenoo between Irvlc 

Peiaai.'eet and John Olilott vets ex^tXy I/IO of X per oent, 

or, in herd oaah, five dollfirs* But that Is Just how It 

vozlEed out I so what could be done? 

Thfl) Annual Sc1k>o1 laeeting of Maroh XQ, 1880, «a8 £■«» 

thsr unusual. At the oloee of the regulsr businsss, by the 

rsquest of the chal^Tian, !lr* 0* w» i^^nton, tho: 

♦♦Reverend ap* llol^tixlty wea called on for i'©- 
aarlEB, he having been a frequent visitor 
at the solaool during tjio past years* He 
eoapllQent&d Teaoliers. Soholars, and True* 
tees for the excellent worfe In their sev- 
eral departiaents* Xn course of the 0O9* 
tor^s a-enarks, he stated thp.t It did his 
Ta»&rt good t^ see so taany laaXe faoes. 
Rls gentle reproof for U» aoaent caused 
oany to loo& dejected, but his following 
reoai^lcs asde faces britsiiter and In all 
cmr consciousness we said we will attend 
aor9 regularly otlier meetings with oup 
wlveSf daughters, slstex^e, and other peo-> 
pies sisters, ana dauc^ters* 

"Reverend h* H« Llgltthlpe being called, 
epo&e at soae lens^ui, comparing this with 
other schools, s^jylns his oxperlenoe led 
hija to say that our school V7ae sooond to 
none, on motion by i^verend L. H. Llj^t* 
hipe, it was moved a vote of thanks be 
tendered to the Trustees and lleaohers for 
Xh9 able oarnier of oonducting of the school 
diirinf, the past yepir. It rms orjrrlod ui>» 
aniaously. Reverend Oharloa !Joole, being 
called, endorsed the remarks by Brothers 
llcHt^ and tighthipSi also made many ro- 
narfcs of his oim in his usual hap^:ar and ^ 

pleasr?nt strain." ' -^ 



lOi 



Three nlnlsters at a school election, all extolling 
tisa efriolonoy of the public BdboolBl Surely, thl« me a 
"lovo feeGt.* A vote of thanlsa to the I'ructoos, t>nd teach- 
ers for their good wor&l A raost imlieard of proceeding. How 
tlie voters muet have 2iuns their heads vhen the s^od Doctor 
cMdod thee 00 gullelosGly on tiislr foreetfulness of their 
oliuroh dutlaa. But their spirits lauat hcive rl»#n again aa 
the doninl© proooed*jd in a lifter vola a a ovld^joed by the 
cleric* s atateoent In th« nlnutesj 

*Our consciousness said ^?© will ?.tt.end aore 
roei.Jl^>i?l7 other rRf?9tlnt:-3 v/lth our vrives, 
dftughterB, sisters, niid other peoples* sis- :^ 
ters, im^ d^-.ushters. " 

Wo aay renson^^bly Infer from the undoubted influence 

of the reverend's renKtrke that the "other aeetings** were 

church meetlnse* Wo nention Is m^de on the record that the 

Doxoloey w»0 sRjms ^^-toro the voters dispersed. A ooraramloa* 

tlon fron Cowity Superintendent Italph Willis was read at 

the April raeetlns of the Board 1 

"In regard to receiving ^illdren outside of 

the Bohool District, the practice is die* 

oourased by hlci axoept in vex^ few Inatanoes.* ^ 

It seems Uw.% a coneidern^^le nunber of outside pupils, 

attracted by the hl^ etcndlns of the .Voodbridge Oraded 

eohool, had been received by the Board as pay pupils. Sc«ae 

obeerv^mt citizen with an eye on expenses Incurred In ♦♦fiiv- 

iShing off additional ol»08 roc«is, probably had written to 



107 



%im County ^pes^lntendent ooiaia0nt>lns on this azid ouggeat* 
ins the ROtlon reoooaended by J4r. Willis to th.9 BOsird, 
At the appointoent of teachers, the prooedlns Jfeyi 
SSiss JJ, C. Ajra^es had not filed her application for reap- 
pointment, but in th« imantiim, a ooBualttse of ono of the 
Board IwA vt0itod htv to see for what salary she would re- 
aain and now reportod thatt 

"He had aean J»il«» Ay res and that ^425 was 
the loa.st she would remain for.* 

It waa decidad by the Trustefts that! 

^i\& yii@ is a valuKbl® aeelstant that ivs 
raise her stlary to that aaount and no- 
tify lier of ths s^^ne.* 

Hw^ w© hava an autheiitio case of b. teaoher knowing 
her worth to the oomnunlty, stiokins to her oxpreesed de- 
siand and gat ting it. In addition oiUi wbis recorded on th© 
olnutee of the Board as "a valuable assistant.* 

The f iret rsoorded ooureo of atudy for the sohool ap- 
pears on tb» Elnutee of the Board under date of 'PehnxFi.v^ 11, 
1867. This waa prepared by t.liss Thonoa, the principal, v^vi 
had been dii*eeted by the Trufstees three ;jf'Bsa:'B previously to: 
"raise tile e2"a^« of the aeiiool. ** 

Tbia oourse was a^optt^dt 

"subject to suoli laodiflcatlons as oirctjua- 
atjinoee may requlr*e.* 

Qrado Senior j 

Geometry, History, Outlines of Ohenietry, 



lOG 



Khatorlo^ English, LXteratm^ and Oon- 
tlos Uirou^:>ut t!i3 Oourae. 

Latin (optlcmal), Alt;ebi'a, Phllosopby, 
?]i;y3io«, Geosrn.'.Dlv, Oon. of Unt'^ad 
iJtatea, Hhotorto, Anolant and 'loddvn 
History, Reading, (JsoiaQtry , Dra'.?lns. 

Orade Bi 

Arithootio (Praotlcal-^oaplet©), 3otany, 
Histoid (Anoisnt), Pi-^ysioiosy (oorapleted). 
Algebra (Elcricntary), Booltkeeplr^s, Ooa- 
position, Declani£;.tlon, 3it*Bfcifaai» and Anal- 
ysis, Perepaativo Dx-awlng, 

Qraisisar Depa-rtraent 

United States Kisto^, Con. of United 
?*"*^"j mentel and Pi*aotical Arithnotlo, 

.3^ aH'l I-'ap i)rawla3, PliyaioXogy, 
ftftd ,\nalysi8, Headins, Spoiling, 

,f Drawing, Conposltlon and I>sola« 

Intermodinta Department 

LocaI C*ao£U'A.:>.>iy, First iTinolplea LiycioUiiige 
LosSvons, "ental and PractlcsJL Arltlaastlo, 
•.iv>olilns, Rending, ■/ritin^, Di*«i.wins, Ci\l^ 
ietlienios, 

pplttJ^.ry Departnent 

/vlpimoat, Sp-9llin<^ and Roading f2*oa Oiiarts, 
fiftaabere, Ob J set tcnolilns, Eeadins fl^an 
First and Soocnd K-^c^jlsr^, aieraentat-y /a^itlv- 
laetio, Writing ajnd Dra^ins on Slatee, Cal- 
iother.ics* 

UX&& ^hoaiiv0 also reported tJmt "the present olase for 

graduation was about r^ojady* and at the Boia^ laeoting of 

Maroh 3, dlploaas were eigned "for tiie Graduation Class of 

Ifejt'oh 4, 1867, » viss 

Wllliaa F. ABies llaxilQ Clarkson 

Ax»ti'iiir C. Drown Jlettle V.ir^aon 

Snrah M. PearBon Louise 3. Brav/tter 

Mattl« C. Pearson 



109 



A piano was also ordered to be purohatsod, the initial 
paynont on v»hioh v?ae an aiaount of #79 reoelved ae Interest 
on the Jefferson School lot. Pyevioua to this, hovtovGr, cm 
enteftelnment had been itJLr&n Ig the aoJvjol for the pui*poee 
of raising SvaiSs for su<^ ®n instrtKaent* H*** Joseph Martin 
'Was eiapowei^d to aaJte the parahe.s«, Tills piano replaoed the 
old Katy Oi^jan tliat had be«a in use foi* laany y^ffi's. 

Ctti Uaroh 15| the annual meeting of the legal voters of 
the difftriot, t^t £4, was held in the school building. Tor 
team reaion, a lm*ser xmESa<sv of oitln;en8 th>in u&ual attended. 
Pa^9l S, Voorheee tc&6 Beoretax^ of Urn loeeting and Jar^s E, 
Bexvjr waa ChairEian. 

After the reading of tlie District Olerk'a report the 
naaes of 'jfhoiaas ?♦ Dunigan and C. w, Druiijoond were i)Ut in 
noialnation for 'rruetwe for a tiii^^&-ye&ps ' te*^ to suooeed C, 
'»!. Druacjond. Pwo huuidi^ed Aind aix ballots w-^ire o.xet, Mr, 
Orucaaond ivoelvinB 101, fjid Itr. Dtuiigsn 33. I3r. D. S, Vo arhees 
received one vote and there was mvB oXask* !Sr» Brunsaond waa 
tlien declared elected. 

tinder tlie order of ral^aellanoous busiinefts, I4r. C. \f. 
Boynton offered the followins reeolutlon, seconded Isgr T. H- 

"Resolved! that it is the sense of tlais laeet- 

in^ -Uiat the (rranniar De-riartncnt of th-a viood^ 
bridp,© Public School be separated from the 
High 5o1k>o1 Der-Vii-tiuent ancl be ?j:vntr^-fil so that 
pi^ila of f^verage intelllEenoe siay oomplete 






tJ» BmoB 1]Qr the tlmo thoy reach the age of 
fouirteen and that they receive a oertifi- 
Cf te to th^t effect on conT>lotln<5 the pre- j 

scribed ooui'e©,*' ^ 

After- soiae discussion, it was decided that the reso* 
luti<m waa not adctlssable. Here was an advance step In 
ncdem school grsding tui-nod down Just becaust" Bone one 
i&ade an appeal to the chaii' on a point of order. 

In later years > the plan suisseeted In tile resolution 
oaiae Into us© and the ooaplction of the etr^ith year of 
fpoife w/=^.s acrfcsd by a GraoaEr Grade certificate entitling 
the holder to enter the hlii;h &ohool# 

ishen the new IkmrA orfTinised, ftr« Jtertln reported tliat 
he had iTUX'oh&sed a CJhickez'inG plimo throu^ ^^. Peter La^?- 
eon for the suai of ^40, A bill of ^10 ^as alao paid *for 
the ube of the Hall (ppob^bl;/ old Uaeonlo) for the SrRtltto.tion 
exercle***, •* Tlis is the firet usntion of auy p^ibllo oxer- 
oieen for grftdarition. 

At the October meeting, a reauest tics rooeived fro© 
Boae of the students foi* perraieelon to uao the iinfinl?»h0d 
rootas upetalra "for a sort of Qyanaslum, " Penalseion ^rae 
given on the understanding that vAiBn the rooias wer^ tisxB 
used, one of the teachex^is ehould be T«»e0ent, 'jPhls 1» the 
first reference to eny such exorelG^a on ths p.'?jrt of the 
school. 

On il^-nu-ry 8, 18GC, a severe s^ir>ck was z^oeived Iq^ the 
Trustees? at this noettng, fbr a letter frcia V'Xbs lU J. 






Thoaafly th« txrtLnoipa"* wna resw'. tendering hei* reeliinatlon 

an Rooount of tha Illness of her motjier. The rQ-iignstlon 

was p*»oelved with e^Qst regret, aiid cjn Eiotlon the Dlati'lct 

OXdxfc was directed to dJ-'aw t^ a suitable rosjolution oriboflj- 

Ing the feelings of the Board. 

This testiiUv nlel to !^ss Thaaae wan "haxidsooely eX" 

ecutsd* lay Kr* G* I>« Olarkeon and slgjied lay tlie Trusteee." 

*71iia tcstlEionlal certifies that r/d ss H. J, 
Thca=is VTs a most succe;3fcful Prineipnl of 
th© Public and J!i^5i Sdliool of I>lGtrlct l^o. 
34, Woodbrid< -.e , llevr Jersey, for more than 
five years, durlns v^~iioh there MtiS an avexv* 
e4;e dalliJ attenda.noe of over five htindred 
pitpllG. w© attest ue deservinB specloX 
attention tl^e inc.'*"- ^'"^ -attendance, cheerw 
ful obedionoe nnd . In tlio Course of 

tnstiTiotion th.-.t • ' "■- 'ntroduction 

of a Hi^ School . ;h was cn-r* 

rlsd to a f:;uoo6f=isi\4j. ..^. vv..- -.-u^l:. .-« her r.drdn- 
l3tratlon« wd reciJLl the hsmonlous worfe- 
Ins o? *he tet-Glj i-r.'. undv^z^ her g^uldajice in 
th^lr Vfj^ous dejiax'trueats, oonoistXnt; of 
t^n ro;^ns of i-atru<^t;*.on cojxJ(>lr:tly. \Ve 
liold in grateful r€raieiabi*ancea tiie untiring 
offort^s of t4ie rri:iciT>^ in obtioinins the 
oliolocec woi^s as v.'qII as auiilllary appar- 
atus pnd illu3trf:.ti'=re spcciraene u.^.nd in the 
hl^^r branches of eduorvtioni and under this 
iV^iA v;o Q3T)Gcl&lly a;',>:.>i^-3 :■ ; ."te t!-.e united ef- 
forts of the TeacJiare and Pupils in a v/ork 
tlL'.t obtained r, fl-r^at-class .'.!asical Instns- 
cient. ^.7e toow by our continued Inounbcncy 
In office &t the hnaC.2. of & .ilsorlninjitlng 
oonstituenoy that we echo tiielr sentlnents of 
2*eso.rd, as well ,13 crrt^ese their w>4gpets, that 
the Illness of a devoted Parent has oolled 
from our eohool a l^incipaX in whom we bs.ye 
Ijfapliolt oonfidonoc." 






WlllirjE; n« Berry ) 

Joseijh H, T, Martin j Trustees ^ 

C, V* DrtBianond ) 



/Y/ -» cuU "^oo /C. J^^s-hr/trt: Z / 



112 



Hiis Thonuxa laust have been unuattally well qunllfled 
fop the rssixmslbl© position she held. Not only tyas eho 
soholaBtloally well p«repr.re<S, but she posseasad those qua! 
Itles of amiahility^ aolf-poe sees ion » taot, end th&t eB<» 
sontlal knowledge of hxtoan nature, usually Inborn, upon 
whloh 8UO0368 le 80 largely dependent. 

The TToodbridge (traded School had Izide^d suffered, a 
great lose In her resignation. Many tines in hie oonneo- 
tion with the Woodbridge boIkjoIs has the writer hoard Mm 
higlieet enooniuias on the pereonallty and the worfc of Iii0« 

The fineet oonustent that nay be erected to the raemoz^ 
of any teaoher is that «fhich ahe herself ereots in the 
hearts of her puplle, 

Mr. Alfred H. Wilson of Closter, Hev Jersey, was ap-* 

pointed as prlnoliml to suoooed Mies Thomas on January 31, 

1866. At the Annual Meeting of the le^il voters of the 

District, May 20, the foil owing resolution was offered by 

Kr. P, K* Sdgfir and unanliaously adoptedj 

•i»herefts our esteemed fellow citizen, Mr, 
Wllliaa H. Berry has Just ooapleted a 
long ^''wnd falthml tera of service as trus» 
te© of our publie eohool. havins served 
the people in t hat oapaolty most accept- 
ably since the organisation of the pre- 
sent district, therefore Reeolved— tiiat 
this laeetlns place on record its high ap- 
preclpition of the faithfulness ojid seal of 
our worthy townsoan. Ee solved— that the 
Secretary be Instxnioted to transmit a copy ^ 
of this resolution to Mr. Berry," -i. 



7 ¥/7iute jSooh - ZD,s^r,ci- ^ 



U3 



Mr, W. H, Berry h^A retired tv<m a T>ubllo office thrt 
oarrlofl vrlth It no nonetaxy ooapenoatlon, but ono wliloh 
calls for unsolflsh and unremitting aBwXoQ of the highest 
type in behalf of one's fellow oltizena. The highest re- 
ward that rmy^ bo e;q?oct0d for such service is the approba- 
tion, confidence and appreciation of the general public. 

In the case of ^. Berry, tlile w^a freely given and 
placed on record, in Uie above resolution. 

Principal Alfred Wilson appeared before the Board on 

thlB date in res^^ to the oloelns exex^olsea. !&*• Ilartln 

stated that! 

"the closing exercises h^A plwsys been held 
In the school hcmee and did not thlnH th^t 
the trustees trer® authorized to aay^ that ex- 
ercises should be held elsewhere at the ex- 
iwnse of the district.* 

He also stated that: 

*la6t year the gradurtlng olasa made a re- 
quest to tihe Bo'^rd to hold the graduating 
exorcises elsewhere and that the privi- 
lege was granted thea, they malcins all &r- 
raiigements, etc. If tivs present graduating 
olasa wera to msike a similar request to tha 
Board they would consider It.* 

On JUne 4, XOOB, JJr. Charles Druianond, District Clerfe, 
reported that he had received $&f$*X% fron Reverewl P. 3U, 
Oonnolly^, payjaent In ful?» of the mortsage and Interest on 
the Jefferson school lot. 

Mr. Wilson, the principal, appeared at this meeting and 
requested percilsslon to hold the exercises for the graduating 



//3A 




\ 



I 






>s 



K^ 



I 



1^ 



3^ 






k: 












114 



Glass in the Presbyterian Qhtu^oh* provided tho consent of 

Uio Qsuroh authorities oould be seourod. 

Pennleeion mist have been given by the Board cind the 

CSiuroh because the exercise a v;ere held in the "^Vhlte cattxrch" 

on Prlds^ evening, JUne SO, the following pupils reoelvlns 

diplosiafi} 

Adeline S. AaneBS Lillian U, Browning 

IlaSfiie H, Illller Gk>rhan L. Boynton 
Paul R. Le'.vla Willard P. Melick 

Arthur Valentine 

^asee If. (Jreen, Principal of Long Bran<di Hi^ School, 
Lone Brandti, How Jeraey, waa the speaker. 

On Septeuiber 4, 1888, the janitor's ealai^y was raised to 
187.50 per aonth^ 

On Hoveaber 10, the prlrvoipal (Wilson) reported that he 
had disialseed a nraaber of ehlldren who had been living outsid* 
the school dietriot. He also stated that there were two 
other '♦outside* pupils who were doins well in their classes and 
whose parents were willing »to pay something for their tuition." 
The Trustees • thought that $6.00 per child would be reason- 
able." He di»ew the attention of the Board to the fact timt a 
nuober of ohildx^on were unable to purchase the necessary 
textbooks. Instructions were given to allow the pupHa i3or<i 

In 1889, electric bells were installed by Kr. F. J. 
01arluN>n. Gialvanized iron palls filled with water were or- 
dered plaood on each floor in oaee of fire, and #00 was ap« 
propriated "for putting in the arrangements for wasiiing in 
the baseioent. " 



115 



Prevloufl %o tills th« ohlldi^n had perfonood their ab- 
:ttttloii0 at tha pwsp, 

Th© following plan of "punlshnents* waf Introduced ty 
SII00 U, J. ThomiB durlns th» latter part of her principal- 
ship. A gliallar plan vm.B In vogue not only In li^oodbrldgd 
but all over the country. Probably In soae out-of-the-way 
places whore there are oountry sohoola It a^ etlll be In 
uee« 

B et>oPtment Il»pll» «ho are tallciag, or other- 
«fide disorderly In their rooae, or sbout tho 
building will reoelve one dasaerlt for each of- 
fence. 

y^dljnegjB For ©aoh oas© of terdlneee one de- 
Eierlt vriil bo slven, unloso an excuse fron the 
parent Is presented by the teaoher. The pupil 
aay renove one deooi^lt, for wteXever cause > by 
one ireek of perfect deportnent. 

R(&Bu ltfl For fifteen demerits i^oelved by th» 

pupil a Prlvr3.to ;\dmonltlon will be £Slven by the 
Principal. For twenty demerits notice will 1» 
«ent to the parents. For twenty-five, there 
will bo a euepenslon of at least one week, c^ter 
^loh a pupil aay be ro-lnetat«d only by action 
of the Trustees. If a re- Instated pupil reaches 
twenty-flvo denerlts, he or she will b® ex- 
pelled for the remainder of the term.* 

All euoh eyetemsi being unnatural and unpedogogloAl ac- 
oording to eodem payohology, fall of their own weight, es- 
pecially the weight of the demerits. Pupils nnd teachers 
have gradually learned the futility of suoh devices. 

fir* Joseph K. T. Hartln resl^yied ae Trustee at the An- 
nual elootlon held In Maroh and the local paper referred to 



116 



tho matter as follo^yat 

*Uv, Ikurtii-i, th© r6t5.rlnB ♦Trustoe, has 
filled thr.t position for th© pnet nine 
^^sTB and hss al'^ay^a proved a nost ef- 
flolent sind acceptable officer. He Iuib 
ever QfVldenced a deep and active mtex*- 
est In all school aftttors, and been very 
llberrj. towax*d tlie inetltutton In oany 
way»t especlalli' in tiie donation of 
prlaes. Re will alwsy« be gratefully re- 
mecaibered by all interested in Hxq school, 
and rnex^t*. and haa, the sincere appreci- 
ation of the entire ooociunitar* * 

In 1389 f gradu&tion exeroieaa were held in the Methodist 
Spieoopal Church, the Heverend M. (Shapin of New ICork be** 
ins the 8i>eaker of the oooaeion. Pernd salon was given to 
the OradUf'.tion Class to use the school one evening on the 
understanding tlmt there be no dancing. 

The District Cleilc was directed to writ© to Professor 
James M« Careen, recently appointed Supei^ntendent of the 
State Konaal School at Trenton, in regard to teachers. 

There seened to be considerable trouble tills year in 

soourins sfttlsfaotoxT" applications for vacancies so the 

Clext: was directed to plno© the followlns advortiseaont in 

the Hew Ifork World for Sunday and MondRy: 

■Teacher wanted in a Draded School in a 
ville^jje in Hew Jersey. J>~,lai^ $3^ per 
year, JIust be a Hoinaai (fe»adUi^te, Add- 
ress with recommendation, Teacher^— Box 
342 world Office, New Xorft,* 

Quite a nunber of ansv/ere to the advertlsenient were re- 
ceived, all sxdept one beins froa taen. The Trustees, pre* 



U7 



ferrlns vowm teaohere, ordered another advert laement to 

b© inserted In th© Hew Yortt Tribune for Sunday and Satuiv 

day, whloh 2:^adt 

"Lady teaoher wanted In a Orridod School in 
Hew Jeraey, aalp.ry |375 per year* A Norra&l 
Qraciunto preferred, AdcU'-ess with reforenoeo 
Instruction, box 40. Tribune Of floe, Hew Yorfc*" 

One api:^10Atlon was received but the 3.>-dy was not ap- 
pointed. Mr. Wilson then seoiu'ed a teaoher tiarough one cf 
tlM> Teaoher s* Agencies. 

An additional teaoher was added to the Prlrawry Depart* 
Eienti Miss Farron having lOS enrolled in her rooa, the 
Trustees wer« of the opinion *the,t it we^s impossible to 
teaoh th08i properly." Liles Farron, no doiOjt, agreed with 
that opinion* 

on Fehruaxy 5, 1890, the principal reported that ll€^«M 
had been ralaed toward the flag and pole and th«t l^» WlUlan 
Edfiftjc and Ur» W. H. Gutter had eaoh offered to give a ^hlt9 
oak tree toward the erection of the flas pole. Kr. Scdth 
Blooofield W8,6 Ru^ested as the proper person to set the tree 
in shape. 

On June 3, Um prlnoipsl ws^ authorised to have i»»tnted 
progrsos prepared for the ©?aduation exercises that were to be 
held in the Presbyterian Church on June 97, and also to ex» 
press the thar*:e of the Board to Professor Oool: for oonsent- 
ins to be the epetC^er for the oooaelon. 7h& Trustees also 



118 



resolved to secure tho usa of tho Kasonlo Kali for the re* 
union of gradttates. 

On Jime SO, the Board passed a resolution that an Invi- 
tation be given to the five olersynen of v/codbridge to pta^ 
tioip,Hte in the exeroiees at the flag raising on Juljr 4, 
end that i^« Wileon have charge cf the proBrom and that hei 
also re^ the Deelaration of Indepondenoe* 

Ttm different ©ooieties of the town were also invited 

to attend the exeroises, vizi 

*1?he a. A. R., ^r. 0, U» A. M., F, rjid 
km H.» 0« B« B*» and if these societies 

desire to pra'&ae, that Cstptaln Isaac In^ 
filee be the ilarahall, with power to ap- 
point as !3&t^ aides as he may wish*** 

••JotliLnia Ooddl niton's est£».to donr.ted a white 
oak for the flac ix)le,* 

On «r«ly 15 J 

•Mr# Wilson wae authorized to ©o to Hew 
York and see v;hat he oould find in re- 
ference to aeourlns a teacher who oould 
teaoh tajsic in connection wiUi her other _^ 
teaohlns in our school,* 

tir, Wilson seezaed to have been suooessful in his sear^, 
for Miss VixiginJLa Oliver woe engaged for the worite. 

On Aitgttst 2t| the Board raised the 73rioo of tuition for 

"outside* pupils as follows! 

To be Paid Quarterly In Advance 

Prliaary • 3 d.oo 

Intejraedir-ite .IS. 00 

Ck*aBBi«j*. • • • •*..*«16«00 

Higher Orade 20.00 



j^ Aff>ru,i-^JBooJr J?/i>fTfcrf- 2^ 



U9 



On September 11, the regulr^ tcaohlxig of nmslo vra« 

Intro-iuoed into the school and tl» Board ordered tlie pui*- 

chass of mueio i»e6derfi, oJyirte and easels s 

"these being neoesaaj:^ to IntrocMce the 
teacliing of music in the sohool— 'rho 
SiyBteia being tlio National Systen. 

On Cotober 21, the Boea:^ oj?d©i*ed the school closed un- 
til ISimidup^f Itovember 3 because of an epidemic of meaelet. 
Mr, ffilson re]x)rted thst there were one hundred and flftoT* 
two soholnrs prefleatit and one hundred and tliirteen absent. 

Another tjseting of the Board wae held the next even- 
ing and on motion it was decided to ventilpte the school- 
houaet 

•hy putting two reglstera in the ohlmneys, 
one in top and bottao, naliins twenty roeiet- 
era in &Ll,* 

on October 27, the Trustees deoided to call a epeolel 

district school meeting to be held on Friday evening, Nov» 

ecfljcr 7, 1890 in the sohoolhouse at eirM ©•©looks 

"for the louroose of votins upon the follow- 
Ing proposition: First, siiall the Trusteos 
be authbrlEed to acoopt a lease at One Dol- 
Irr a ye?ir of n School Hous« pi'opoeea to be 
erected at 3ewar<m by ^^ Herbeirt. Johnston." 

Thla Eieetir^ wa» held and considerable discussion en- 

ffued, opinions regarding the advisability of the proposed 

step varied* It ^as stated that Sewermi raised about IS^ 

of the District Taxes, Pigwree v?«re also given showing the 



120 



amount} 

♦*that would "oe lost on Stat© Tax and Stat« 
Fund If Sewaii^en wa© laado a eeprj:*at© DiB" 
trlot, *• 

The votlas resulted in 30 ballot* being oast In favor 
of and eixteen agalnat the pii?op082.tiou. 

On Jl&poh 17, 1891 1 (jltOO was ordei'ed raised to eata- 

bllah and imintsvln a fre« Pi'li3«:fy Public Soiiool sX Setarareii 

a8 follows I 

Poi* tertohfii'B '^^400 

Pur*nlture 150 

Inoidentale 150 

Total oTOO 

On Juno 8, 1091, the olei* was oxtered by the Board! 

"to confer ^th the Principal and endeavor 
to secaxre a teachei' to fill vacancy ^bo 
is qualified to t.efioh i>rf?,wing»^ 

liles Ada Wicker was secured for the ixjsition throu^ 
a Teachers* Agency, the Board agreeing to pay one«>half of 
the Agency oojaoieBion, 

On August 28, in,&(i Lucy J. Suith was engased as teacher 
for the Sewaren school. Later it was decided to ojiTisaniae 
three (srades at tliis school **and no hi^sher." 

Vm opening of tlie ParocMal School oauaed a large de» 
crease in the attendance, the total enrolliaant being 3o9 and 
the Gveraee dally attendance 215, There was also consider* 
able sickness in the achool, aany oases being scarlet fever. 

On Ihgr 23, 1892, Hiss Sadie Brewster end I<:i63 Halleck 
tendered their reeiayiations ^t^dh were received and the Clex* 



121 



wa0 directed to oonvay to th©8« ladles; 

"the reeret of th© Board for the lose of 
tiielr Beryioeo ajnd also the M^h appre- 
olatlon of the ebllity rnd faithfulness 
with which they heA discharged their 
duties as toAohers and the entire satis* 
faotlon of tho 't'rusteoa witii tJielP 'wrffc 
aAd to wl^ them equal sucoeas In their 
new positions." 

8acdA a letter from their Banrd imet have been deep- 
ly approci-ttod ?iid f5i:»eatJLy trft;istu'«e,l by the retiring teaob- 
ers. 

On June 13, Principal 'tilsoni 

•we 8 re<i.u©stcd to visit the State Hoi>- 
ntei. Sohool at Trentcm, !Icw Jersey In 
refertince to i~ccixrin£', f. teaolior for 
Kooa E, at a snl/iry not to G:;tO€ed 3^yX) 
pep year** 

A Esotion was passed to hold a v^hool pionlo at Boyn- 
ton 3eac^ on JUne 94, 

Kr, Wilson Inforaod the Soaj^d th&t he had aT^lled for 

a position at Hewton, Kew Jersey^ where the esXeiy was 

<^8(X) pBV year, and would like the Trustees to give hta su<dl 

a reoosffsiendation ns they thou^t hla entitled toi 

"On action the Bo^rd Instructed the Dis- 
trict Clei*: to give W* v/llson a reooEi- 
Bondfition ooverlnE the following points-— 
Aatoltlon, ?roGre$9ivsneeB, Conscientious- 
ness, Chpraoter, Ability, i'aot, Juvl^^ent, 
sind that he can teach eiid manage a scjiool 
of 400 schoiare,^ 

It seems evident, not only thiit this Board of Trus- 
tees ap'oreoi/sted the servloea of its good teoohors, bat 



12S 



that th^ would not ©tand In the way of the teaohora* adU- 
Vanoenent in thU prcfe salon and wer« willing rmd glad to 
go on record In the matter. 

On July Q, the Trueteea received a letter from J. Hci»* 
bert Jolwson declining to renow th© lease on the Sevrrren 
Sohoolhouse. 'ShB Clerfc imported that all property belong- 
ing to the 01 strict had beon reciovod froai Uie school at 
SemLTon and stored in th© Woodbrldgo sohool building. 

Ur* Wilson* s resignation wss i^ooived and the Clerk 
waft ordered to write hla expre saints the appreoiation of 
the Bo?.rd for his woj* and rejgpet at the loss of his ser- 
vices. Mr. Ti^llaon later obtained e. prinoii>«.l8hip at Hast 
Orange t Hew Jeremy, 

On July 28s 

"The Clerk reported that to date thei^e Imd 
been twenty-ssven applicants for the posi- 
tion of principal,* 

After rnuch diacussion the Board ooiwludods 

»Tli?>t in oany respect a »« W. Geinble would be 

the beat rian for Uie plf».oe .md on notion he 
was unanimously elected prinoiprJ. for the 
school ye«r corL;.2i0ncln;:; in Saptejabt'r 1392 3.t 
a selffjiv of i^lOO per montli. * 

On Au©iBt 4, 1803| a letter was received froa PJSr. Ver- 
non L. Dftvey, f5uperintend«nt of East Oranr>e, requesting 
the Bosj?d to furnish hlu t?ith a f^hotograph of the ecliool to 
be displayed with the Hew Jersey Statp Sdiool Sxhibit at 



X23 



the Oolunbla Fair, Ohloago, liSr', 0. a., Boynton v/as in- 
6tsnict64 to hav© a photoi;^ai-il:i of the building token 
and fopft'ard one to I,ir, Davey. 

Haaoock and Levi offei^od to paint tlic flagpole two 
ooats for |20»00 iirovtded tli© Bor-r-d lie.vc the tOi:«iast 
Icwerod. Tkia offer vsras aooopted. Ttils poX©, toGoth43z» 
vsfitli the topsaaat, was about on© hundred tT/ent^r*-one feet 
hlg^ and wa« suniiountetl i ith & gildedj hiatal spread- 
eeglQ MfhLoh turned \9ltii th« wind* Ifeny yews afteirsmrds, 
when th« pole ^af&e tak«n domi, b<?lns too rott^:d to renain 
up, it wae found that the easl« had b©<jn pleroed In a 
nunjber of plaoee by XocaX er^pert m&s^mmi, 

October XS, X&d2f was a r«d!-»X©tt©r raeetlns in the 

annaXe of %im Boards It b^ins devoted aXi^aost entirely 

to preparations on a Xar^ BC&le for the oelebrRtion of 

CoXuubttS Day, "Shs President of Uoe Soerd, tic, lU A. 

Bromi, waa directed to :t<uroi:^,3e b&dE«t^ ^Tor Uiq sohooX 

OiiiXdren and Principal OaiabXe was mxthorlaed to here 

printed 600 jsposrana of CoXujubue Degr oxr.irclaeg, A ooa- 

ruittee was aXeo appointed^ 

*td eee if t^renty-five sacialX nrusketa ov 
rifles could \)& ?>ocu;:>ed for the Irr-.-er 
boya to carx^ on Coluial>U9 Day," 

on action th« lino of c^uvjh on Ooluaibus Day was 

aade as follows i 



IPA 



*Sohoolhoua0 to l.feln Sti-^etj ii^^ln Sti^eet> 
to Perth Anboy Avenue > to C>re»n Street, 
to Raiiv/ y Avenue, to Main Street, to 
Methodist ^^:)lscop£7l. Ohuroli, " 

On cK)tlon, the CXork was authorl:ed to tnvlt© nil nil- 

itary sjfid clvle oi^ganlzfttlona In the district to tdc© port 

In the exeznstseB and parsd© on Coluiabus O^y, The lirjt was 

ae follows J 

Ajaorious Lodge, Ho, 83, P. usid A. H, 
W, C. Berry Post, IJc. 60, Departnent K?.'W 
Jereey, &♦ A, a. 

Junior order U, A. Jiechanlca, No, 40 
Woodi)rld^,e Council, Ko, 120, C, B. L. 
Qei'-nan Union Bonevolont .\sscclrvtlon 
Sowar<m Z-aM and T/rter Club 
Xouns Mens Chrlstliin ab so elation 
Captpln Isr-rc Xnsloe C&nj-*, No* 12, Dl^-l- 

sion, ?;e;7 Jersey, Gens of 'Vetei-'eno 
Bavaria Oounoll, Ho, 353, 0. n, h, 
Ghosen fVlendc 
toyol Terrpem.noe I^ocfiwe 
^Vonens* Ciiriati&n Terapcranoo Association 
w, 0. Bony Womans Relief Oorpa. No. IS 
Auxiliary to Tost llo, B5, C. A, K, 
Township Connittee and tjfie Bohool Ti*U8teea, 

Tclentine, Dortiss-iond md Mi?j:iiin, 

Kr, 0, W, Boynton was appointed a connltteo to enga^ 
thid Woodbridse hand for the parad©, 

on October 18, 1SS2, th© new oourse of study aa prepared 
\^ Principal CJeorge */. <5g^le, waa read and adopted and flv« 
hundred copies, Including the new rules, u^r& ordered to be 
r>nnt0d. To further strengthen the eeoond floor of the 
school, it was decided to pl<ace in eaoh rooa on the first 
floor, a 7" :c 7" yellow pln« post to I'^st on the girder in 
th« Ixsiaeiaent and run to Giirdsr under th© oelling of the first 
floor. 



125 



*7he olisrfc t;,5© Instmotod to noroiuvso thg 
six ]iX>ato and also two yellow pint ilia- 
toi>rs C« .^ 6<* and 14« long to bo used on 
UiQ Jads Screws." 

C3n Ootober 20, the Board saet at the schoolhouse at 10 
a* SI* and on notion tho clerk was authorised to pa:»ovtde 
oarrlages for the lady teriOhers for use on Colunbus Day, 

The following extracts ai^ froia the ••Independent Hour* 

of Ootober 27, 1892 and refer to the ♦♦Ooluiablan Day* oele» 

br&tiont 

^Frld^sy, October 31, 1892, ^fflll always be 
a HQiaorablo d^i^ In the Msto^T' of v'ocd- 
bridse. as it v/ltneseed the «srandeat doia- 
onstration the historlo toim hs>s evor seen— 
th« Oolunibus Df\y oelebr.- tlon rrranf^d end 
tmxii'S'A W the offioers ?jid ucaoiiers of 
the Public School. At 9:30 a. a. the 
eohocOl yard, street, and adjoining pro'^-^-^r- 
tl08 were filled v;it!i a lf?,ri:;e as ^^enbl- ,;•■•, 
TflK> listened to the.'realdeKnt's prool-,..' . — 
tlon, distinctly rea-d by PrlnolprJ. (JolVuIj. 
The hyVQ/i sohool flag wa« then raised by 
oaabere of Berry Post and saluted ^ the 
pupils, aftor milch Post Ooariander 3utton 
Slivered an er.oellent addrocs. The line 
of nsroh wajB then foraed &« follows: 

C ' on liorsobrcJi 

Tr\ ,,-0 Oornot B-'Jid 

Townaliip Of f Iciil'J 

Trustees and '^3S-Trustoes of the 9c1k>o1 

Color Ghi'^.rd of pupils 

Sons of Veterans 

Berry Post, (J, A, IX, 

Principal aanbla and i:>upll8 of Public School 

Adorlcfji Moohaiiioa 

St, Ja.nG3 I^oj'ochlal Sohool 

St, H&ry*8 Sodality 

St, Jaiaes Temperance Cpdets 

Woodbridse sad Bavwria Oounoile. C. B, Ii, 

Union Sorcian Benovolent Aaaocl'^ticn 

Oitizena in oai'Tlages tmd on foot." 



126 



"The residences and places of business 
along the line of march were beauti- 
fully and artistically decorated with 
the national colors." 

In addition to the exercises given by the pupils, which 

included singing and recitations, one-rainute speeches were 

made by citizens. 

"The one-minute speeches were opened by 
Principal Gamble, who made some pertin- 
«nt suggestions to parents. He was fol- 
lowed by Reverend Dr. MoNulty, Reverend 
E. Meachem, and C. H. McDonald, Captain 
Inslee, S. B. Hinsdale, William Edgar, 
C. W. Boynton, J, H. T. Martin, and P. 
K. Edgar." 

In 1892, during the latter part of November, and the 
first part of December, a diphtheria epidemic occurred among 
the school children and the buildings were ordered closed. 
Dr. Mitchell, State Board of Health Inspector, gave instruc- 
tions to have the school floors, desks, and all woodwork 
sprinkled with bichloride of mercury and also: 

"to furaigate the school building and water 
closets '.7ith burning sulphur as suggested 
by Inspector Township Board of Health. " 

Schools were to have been opened December 13 by per- 
mission of State Inspector Mitchell, but another case of 
diphtheria occurring, t'ley were kept closed until Januai^ 3, 
1893. 

On February 7, 1893 the Trustees met at the sclwol house 
at 2 p. m. and made an inspection of the exhibit of school 



127 



work being prepared for the State Exhibit at Trenton. 

"Among those present was Miss E, Dlmmlok, 
a former vloe-prlnolpal, and Mr. EIII0 B. 
Freeman, who was at one time prlnolpal of 
the Aoadeuy District School. •• 



128 



CHAPTER VIII 
Sttnunary 
THE NEW ORADSD SCHOOL 

Special meeting of the new district No. 24 was 
held to consider the location and erection of the 
new graded school, on October 1, 1375. 

Coranittee reported on January 1876 and the re- 
port was accepted. Contracts were awarded March 1876, 
and In July, Mr, Henry Anderson was appointed princi- 
pal. 

A clock and a bell had been purchased. 

Dedication exercises were held on January 20, 
1877. School notes from the newspaper "Independent 
Hour* given regarding the new school, 

Mr, Hampton Cutter protested the sale of the 
old school property. First staff of teachers was 
appointed in 1877, 

Rates of tuition were adopted for non-resident 
pupils. Instructions were given regarding the purchase 
of school books. 

Length of the school year was fixed at ten months 
in 1879, and the financial report was presented. 

Rules governing school discipline were passed in 
1881. Trustee C. A. Canpbell resigned and Howard 



129 



Valentine was appointed as his auooessor. 

Certification of teachers was considered and 
rules were passed. Mr. J. H. T. Martin offered prizes 
for scholar slalp. 

The sohoolhouse was draped because of the death 
of President Garfield. School prizes were av^arded 
in December. 

A resolution was passed authorizing certificates 
of graduation. The first graduation class was awarded 
diplomas in 1882. 

A motion was passed requiring some normal school 
training of teachers which was to go into effect in 
September 1884, 

Winners of school prizes were announced in 1883. 
Pez^ission was given for teachers to attend normal 
school. 

School enrollment given as of March 14, 1884. Th» 
class graduating in 1884 was awarded diplomas. 

Prize lists for the school year ending June 24, 1885 
are given. 

The annual school meeting was held in March 1886. 
It was an unusual type, ministerial speakers being present. 

The first recorded course of study given in February 
1887. Graduating class had diplomas signed March 4, 1887. 



130 



Q-reat Interest was shown In the school election of 
March 15, 1887. A testimonial was directed to be drawn 
regarding the resignation of Miss M. J. Thomas. 

Mr. Alfred H. Wilson was appointed to succeed Miss 
Thomas on January 21, 1888. 

A resolution was passed at the annual meeting of 
voters, 1888, In appreciation of services of Trnxstee 
William H. Beriy who had resigned. 

Improvements were made in the school equipment in 
1889. A system of aerits and demerits was Introduced 
by Miss Thomas. 

Mr. Joseph H. T. Martin resigned as trustee in 
March 1889. An advertisement waa placed in a New York 
paper for a teacher. 

Principal Wilson was sent to New York to engage a 
teacher of mueio in 1890. 

National System of teaclilng music was introduced in 
September 1890. 

School opened at Sewaren with Miss Lucy J. Smith as 
teacher. 

Parochial school opened which decreased enrollment. 
Mr. Gamble was elected principal to succeed Vtr, Wilson. 

A new course of study v/ae prepared by Principal Gamble 
and was adopted by Board, October 18. "Ooluiabus Day" was 
celebrated October 21 on a grand scale. 



CaUPTSR IX 

OTHKR TOWNSHIP SCJIOOtS 

5o ouoh has be^n said In previous chaptere regcird- 
Ing th9 school dietriots eltuated within the accepted 
boundaries of Woodbrldso Village, th&t one Is prone to 
forget that there were oUier districts within the con- 
fine e of the present to^mshlp llnee. 

For many ye ere the growth of the township was cen- 
tered In Woodbridgd proper, E»aklnG t^he school population 
larger and of greater interest to the cltlsena of that sec- 
tion than elsewhere. The proper recording of school tran- 
saotlone wae a necessity and was demanded by the Intelli- 
gent tajcpayere, resulting In written school minutes that 
would be a credit to ax^ Board of Edac^itlon today. 

An Interview ©1th an old Trustee of one of the early 
types of school districts elleltod the statement that he 
was clerh of hla district and never kept any bock records; 
never knew any to be kept, and when the present townelilp 
syetea was Inaugurated, he turned over a few loose papers 
to old Doo X at™. About the only thing he did, so far 
as he could retaeiaber, was to see that the teacher got her 
warrants. Probably this w»b true of most of the saall 
school districts. 



ISl 



13S 



Tha reports of the varlisua State Superlntendente of 
JPubllc Instruction as found in the bound volumes of "Leg- 
jLBlative Itoouaents*' for the different years of the second 
half of the nineteenth oentui^, give nsuoh interesting In- 
formation regardins the o.-iTly sc^iool districts, dravai from 
the reports of the To«n Suporlntendente of Schools, and la^ 
tor froa the reports of the new County Superintendents who 
replaced thera in 1^7. 

Thes«( Town, or Townfihlp* Superintendents have been men- 
tioned In a pzHJVloue chapter v/lth special reference to those 
serving Woodbrldse. 

Thd State Superintendent's report of 1863 enlightens th« 

leglslaturo regarding these officers} 

*Thd Towa Superintendent is the officer whom 
the law holds responsible for the proper 
laanas^nsent of the educ tional affairs of the 
township. He is the oustodian of the raoney 
appropriated to aohool jsujrposes, and he gives 
bonds to the inhabitants of his township for 
the Sftfe keeping and lov-'ful Alsbiirsanent of 
the Berne, To hlo is assigned the duty of 
fonaing smd nlterlng sohool districts. He 
gives notice of the time and plo.oe of all an- 
nual and spectfj. meetings. He must visit the 
schools, sake himself Rccuainted with their 
eonditlon, report the esme annually to the in- 
habitants of the township and to the state Sup- 
erintendent, he must exaiaine teschcrs \:hon 
the Chosen ?i*eeholders see fit to add this to 
his other duties. * 

These officers were elected yearly and received one dol- 
lar for evei^ day they were employed in the business of their 
of floe. 



153 



Hany of these town superintendents were Incapable of 
mailing an intelligent report even when blanks were pro- 
vided for their use. The office was a political one en- 
tirely, no special educational qualification being required. 

State Superintendent Ricord mentions that the reports 
of the town superintendents were often "so ambiguous that 
the data la useless." Such a simple question as, "'vVhat le 
the number of districts In the Township?" was often answered 
in such a vague and unsatisfactory way that, speaking of 
this item, the superintendent refers to it as, "an item 
which hp.s never yet been made known. " 

The "Little Red School House" surely did exist and pro- 
bably met the requirements of the day In many oases, but in 
his report to the Legislature under date of January 15, 1862, 
Superintendent F. W. Ricord, speaking of the district schools, 
among which must have been "The Little Red School House," 
says "many of them are miserable shanties," Also, 

"A sohoolhouse situated uponihe public high- 
way with not a foot of playground and not a 
solitary out-shed is not the place wherein 
to teach morality, to preserve instinctive 
delicacy, and yet there are hundreds of such 
schoolhouses throughout the State." 

In his Annual Report for th© School Year ending August 

31, 1869, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, E. A. 

Apgar, referring to the sanitary acoommodations In connection 

with the district schools saye: 



134 



"Outhouses, 335 Indifferent ones, nost of 
which have one apartment for both sexes, 
and 182 have none at all. Middlesex 1« 
fre» from this shame," 

Previous to 1856, the district schools were not re- 
quired to keep a school register and for a long time, even 
where they were used, in many oases they were inadequately 
kept and the law was often absolutely ignored. This may 
have been because the law Bade no provision for the regis- 
ters to be supplied to the districts. 

The State Superintendent of Public Instruction, in hi a 

report for 1864, presented to the Legislature in 1865, says: 

"In many instances, where the teachers en- 
deavor to conform with the requirements of 
the lav7, they are oonpelled to furnish 
books for the purpose thenselvesj and every 
time they accept new positions, they oari^ 
these books v;ith them and the echo els from 
which they remove are thus left v^ithout re- 
cords. " 

One of the greatest sources of trouble in the early 

school districts, according to these reports seems to have been 

in the aelection of teachers: 

"The selection of teachers is a very fruitful 
source of trouble. In some districts it is 
made by calling a meeting of the inhabitants 
and taking a vote. It is not unoorjnon for 
the Trustees of a district to select one tea- 
cher fjid the dissatisfied portion of the in- 
habitants to select another. "—1 

The term "Free Schools" appears in early records quite 

often and may be misleading to many not conversant with its 

1 Report of State Super, of Public Instinictlon 1864, 



X3S 



application. In his report of 1868, relative to free 

schools, State Superintendent Apgar, speaking of public 

schools Fs distinct from private schools, says; 

"This does not neceEsarily mean "free 
schools, " or schools open to the public 
ndiere all children of the legal age may 
attend and receive an education free of 
cost. 1*his, I regret to say, is not the 
case. About one-half of the schools of 
the state are free, but the remaining half 
are partially supported by what are termed 
•rate bills' or » tuition bills. • " 

Sometines it v;as the duty of the Trustees to collect 
the rate bills, and because of this, sone citizens would not 
serve on the Boards, Others wouldn't collect them without 
a coiomission. Sometimes the teacher had to collect theia, 
often becoming involved in quarrels v/ith the school patrons 
regs.rding the amount of the chp.rge which v/as based upon the 
attendance of the child, the quality of instruction and even 
school discipline. 

The amount of money received from these bills enabled 
the school year to be extended. Some districts actually 
closed their schools when the State appropriation was ex- 
hausted and did not resort to rate bills. 

The State Superintendent in his annual report says: 

"The greatest objection to the rate- bill 
system is that it requires the poor man 
to ppy for the education of his child- 
ren. This is contrary to the principle 
we found our ^^-^^^ g^j^^l gy^^^^, ^„^ 

which Is that every oMld has a right to 



/3^^ 




't' 



X37 



Rarltan. The Aot of 1895 modified the Act of 1394, one of 
the amendments sivinf-^ the Boards of Education of the adja- 
cent townships power to change district boundariee wher« 
township lines cut in two old districts so aa to make it 
inoonvenient or impractical for a considerable number of 
children to attend school in their own township. Changes 
were to stand for three years only, giving opportunity for 
frequent adjustments. The cction of the Woodbridge Board of 
Education in the matter of such adjustments v/ill be re- 
ferred to in another chapter. 

Boriiamtown School, Franlclin School (Metuchen), New 
Dover School, Mt. Pleasant School, and Oak Tree School (old 
Ho. 6 Raritan) now a private residence » were also embraced 
within the recently organized Rai'^itsu Township. 

The Bridgetown district school and the South Branch 
School (probably) were taken over by Rahvray when it extend- 
ed its boundaries in 185S, 

The report of the State Superintendent of Public Schools 
for the year 1850, appearing in the Senate Journal of New 
Jersey 1851, gives the whole number of Woodbridge Township 
School Districts aa seventeen and the amojnt expended on 
them as $777.50 (includes Woodbridge Village.) 

Ellis B. Freeman, Town Superintendent of Woodbridge, 
whose report to the State Superintendent of Schools for 



UB 



the year 1S51 a.r>y>e8u'a in the Seiiat© Journal, iajTB! 

"Thei^e vvere originally eighteen diatrlota 
in tiiis to^fnship, #5 and i?6 have been 
united, also #11 and #10, and a school 
for ooiored children formed in Rahway. 

There are ttiroe private schools 

in the township ^lich t«ike a number not 
less than 75 children, residents of the 

township Sight of the teachers 

tlirough the sucuaer v/ere females of ages 
18 to 25 

"There will be but one school under the di- 
rection of a female during the winter, al- 
though two of the schools, viz: Rahway i^'nd 
V/oodbridsef have female assistants. Sev- 
eral of the male teachers are experienced, 
as such, having made teaching a profession 
from choice, one of them having taught the 
same school nore than 30 years, 

" ♦ . , . Course and Extent of Study. , . .under 
this head Is included all the studies us- 
ually ta.UGi^t in schools, from the alphabet 
to English grammar, geography, history, sur- 
veying, bookkeeping, and in one school a 
class of Latin scholars."— 1 

Town Superintendent of Woodbrldge, Sidney Averlll, in 

his report to State fifeipei*lntendent John H. Philipps, prlnr- 

ted in the Senate Journal, for 1853, seys: 

"There Ere nominally 18 districts in this 
township tliough really only 16- as two 
have been heretofore absorbed In others, 
(Strawberry Hill and Jefferson to form #24, 
and 7^5 and #6 to foi^ the Aoadeay District. ) 
There is a school also for colored children. 

''The teachers are frequently retained a num- 
ber of years in the saiae school. Cne aged 
gentleiiTiari, a worthy exajnple of this class 

1 Senate Journal for 1852. 



» 



139 



oiT peracMis has beon 53 yoare In the sane 
eohool. He merits a !3<»nsion, though In 
hie oasoi 0219 aight infer from the attaoh* 
aent of his patrons > that he will never 
need it." 

Probabljr this oX4 gentleoan was "Bethune Dunoan, ths 
brother of Chief JUstloe Dunoan of South Oarolina, who 
Ooi3r5eno0d tQachins school at Oak Tree, October 1819, and 
oontlnued his eervioe there for 45 yoars,*— 1 

Saperintendent Ave rill was very outspolcen in his orit- 

ioim of his sohoolhouees in the saos reports 

*It is knonn froa actual observation that 
there are bams built for horses in tliis 
town which exceed in cost and convenience, 
fourteen out of its seventeen sohoolhouses. 
We have only three tvell-furnii^tied public 
school rooms in the township} but another 
is building at a cost of over ^?3,000, which, 
it is hoped, may throw over our old and 
weather-be^^ten roons a dark and disre- 
putable shade, with all their mutilated 
desks set against the walls, thcit wi'Ui their 
Ions* x^Lsnk seats, augr renind us of those 
early ticies ^hen as yet tJie cushioned seat 2. 
was not." 

I3p. Averill was not reappointed to hie office the next 
year, no doubt his reward for the expression of an honest 
critioisra. 

l^ither J. Tappen, Town Superintendent of Woodbridge in 

1063, in his report to the State Superintendent of Public 

Instruction sayss 

"Eegisters are kept in all schools. Amount 
of Qoney raised by the township $2.00 per 

1 Ezi'a Hunt K. D, tSetuohen and Her History 1870. 

2 Se?7ayk. •^ur77et^ ^y /<K^ 



.\c •- 



sV»i5J» 



140 



scholar. Amount from atate 1447.86." 

State Superintendent E. A. Apgar's Annual report for 

1867 gives the enrollments of Woodbridge Township schools 

as follows: 

District 1 44 

« 2 66 

M 3 206 

It 4 „ 231 

« 5 107 

« 6 53 

B 7 177 

« a 67 

H 9 40 

H 10 37 

K 11 80 

B 12 55 

» 13 44 

« 14 24 

These numbers of districts are only sequential numbers 
and are not to be confused \fflth present-day numbers. Nos. 3 
and 4 were In Woodbrldge proper. No. 5, no doubt, was Pair- 
field Union, and No. 7, Franklin in Metuohen. 

Incorporated School Districts were later given names, 

and thus we find In Superintendent Apgar's report for 1869, 

as it appears In "Legal Documents, State of New Jersey, 1870," 

the following list of District schools with some statistics: 

Woodbrldge Township Schools 
1869 

Average 
Place Enroll H Condition Salarjr 

Rahway Neck 32 fair $25.00 

Blazing Star 47 poor 41.66-M* 

33.33-P* 

♦ U means Male — F means Female 



y^u 



y 




yf3S i 



\ SEir-" 




Old SiK-lfoait 



141 









Average 


Place 


Enroll 't 


Condition 


Salary 


Academy 


121 


fair 


$32.50 


Jefferson 


215 


good 


70.00-U 
55.00-P 


Fairfield Union 


69 


good 


23.00 


Bonhamtown No report 


fair 




Frankl In ( Me t uchen ) 144 


poor 


76.00-M 








38.00-P 


Unlontown 


40 


fair 


25.00 


New Dover 


21 


poor 


SO. 00 


Mt. Pleasant 


19 


fair 


20.00 


Oai Tree 


48 


good 


26.67 


Lafayette Union 


37 


good 


30.00 


Washington 


39 


good 


33.00 


Locust Grove 


28 


good 


25.00 



It appears that Jefferson (up-town school, ?/oodbridge , ) 
Blazing Star (Oarteret— Old No. 2) and Franklin (Metuchen), 
had each two teachers, one of each sexj Lafayette Union, one 
teacher, male. 

It will be noted, as other lists of school districts are 
given, that some of them disappear from Woodbridge. Thee© ^- 
pear afterwards in the reports from other townships. 

•Rahway Neck" school is now occupied as a private reei- 
denoo and is located on the road between Oarteret and Rahway, 
looking very much the same ae when it resounded to the monoto- 
ous chant of the multiplioatiun tables, with the exception 
that now a fine privet hedge surrounds it. 

"Blazing Star" (#9) has disappeared, but its ghost rubs 
elbows with the fine building erected adjacent to it in the 
Chrome section of Oarteret. 



142 



"Acadesiy School," the old "downtown* Woodbridge School 
became a wanderer, finally laying its tired old frame to 
rest on the banks of the Woodbrldge Creek, near the bridge 
opposite the property of the Woodbridge lAimber Company on 
Rahway Avenue, a solemn lesson to all those schools contem- 
plating such a change in their life work— converted to re- 
ligion, then backsliding to a plunber's junk shop, 

■Jefferson School" is now a dignified place of busi- 
ness opposite the Municipal Building on Main Street, In 
its varied career since leaving the field of education, it 
has performed its duty aS a feed store, a Chinese Laundry, 
and is now eking out an existence as an Auto Accessory Shop 
and Qas Station on one side, a Itmcheonette on the other, 
and a private residence on the second story. Disguised with 
its coat of stucco, it puts up a bold front, there being 
little about it now to recall to mind those early days when 
the playfxil school boys placed a board on tl:u» top of the chim- 
ney to smoke out the school for a holiday. 

"Fairfield Union" school was a one-stojpy, two-rooa 
building about 51 feet by 57 feet, erected on a lot purchased 
from Daniel Voorhees August 10, 1858, on the Bouth side of 
King (Jeorge's Post Road. It was later moved across the high- 
way to make room for the present new brick edifice now occupy- 
ing the old site. It had the distinction of being crowned 



/^2-/i 








Old ^a/,otj/ 



143 



with a belfry enclosing a bell, but school, belf3?y, and bell 
finally fell victims to the fire demon and now scarce one 
renains who knows the spot v.'hereon it stood. 

There had been an old school previous to this situated 
on the Crow Mills Road which was later moved to the spot now 
occupied by the Pords National Bahfc and which was used as a 
grocery store and post office by Mr, Kelvin Olura, President 
of the Township Board of Education. It was again moved to 
m.3ke way for the new bank and is now the residence of Mr. 
Clura on Fourth Street. 

"Uniontown School,* a one-room building, went up in 
fire and smoke one aftexmoor whilst the children were at 
play. After the fire, the children wsre housed for some time 
in a little church on the adjacent lot, but fate decreed that 
it, too, should be translated in fire and smoke. At first 
It stood on the north side of Oalbraith* a Hotel on the old 
hi^way, but railroad changes led to its removal from that 
site to the one on the Woodbridge Road, 

Clayton in his "Compilation" of 1882, says: 

"Among the early teachers was Master William 
Cre.'^xier who tau£ht a school at Uniontown in 
1817-1819. He is well remembered by the old- 
er inhabitants e.s a '^le^rned nan and well 
fitted for teaching," 

The Woodbridge newspaper, the Independent Hour, pub- 
lished the following item from a special contributor under 



144 



date of June 14, 1877: 



"It was our happy lot to be present at the 
Public School entertainment at this place 
on last Friday evening, where we were most 
agreeably surprised to meet friends from 
Rahway, Woodbrldge and Menlo Park. Of 
course, the house was filled. It was a sol- 
Id comfort to attend a school examination 
as well as an exhibition of the 'stage paces' 
of the scholars. The exercises consisted of 
a i::ost rigid and searching test of their v??r- 
lous capabilities in geography, mental arith- 
metic, a cross-examination in all kinds of 
tables of weights and measures and a grand 
tournament in spelling, a promiscuous list 
of about 200 of the longest, toughest, and 
unseemly words endm^ed in the English langu- 
age, and although many of them might compete 
with the Turko-Russian list of ¥/ar nevrs, yet 
only two were missed in the whole list and 
many of the scholars in the competition 
seemed not over ten years of age. 

"The Scholars as a group are good singers. 

"The lady principal is deserving of the great- 
est consideration from all that are inter 
ested for the thorough and prompt manner in 
which she teaches them all to answer, di'cnes 
and laggards not being tolerated. The manage- 
ment certainly he.s cause for self-congratula- 
tions in so fortunate a selection. Being a 
total stranger to her, we have no reason to be 
biased. 

"Many who attended the exhibition were agreeably 
surprised to find that lir. Edioon of Menlc Pai^k 
had placed his telephone in the house for the 
entertainment of the visitors. The felicity of 
hearing as well as seeing so recent and wonder- 
ful an Invention could not fail to make it un- 
usually Impressive, especially to all interested 
in progress and enlightment and although all the 
Instruments and connections were only temporar- 
ily arranged and the operators not all practiced 
yet the result was most gratifying. Only the 
least amount of testing and we had selections 



/^^ /I 



^^,. ^. 


^fci_. 


J^Ki-^^wM^ 


' v.-wi 




fiiii 






1: :|| 




.■ ...iiijjMkUinilll 


iitiRL ' TTT m? 


HUM. Mil '<•-■- '" 






^^^^^^^^mt^ ^"^^'^ , '«^W.^ 



J.se//'rf ^^. 
-t'l^o - -ye/Of rrs 



z. 




U.71/07?fbW77 ScJpOoi 

07ie ~ roo7?7 

(Ist//7/J 



145 



from Ur, Sankey's hymns as well as Nation- 
al Airs— My Country 'Tls of Thee— being 
transmit ted with wonderful clearness. It 
was shown also that the cries of birds and 
animals upon an imitation of them, could 
be transmitted with great clssjiriess. We 
should not be at all surprised if Edison 
taught this child of hie inventive fancy 
to talk." 

( Signed) — Progre ss 

Probably this little school had th© honor of being the 
first school building in th© country in which to have the 
telephone demonstrated. 

Bell had filed his application in Washington D, C. for 
a patent on his telephone apparatus, February 14, 1876, 
Edison, in his shops at Menlo Park, New Jersey, near the 
leelin School (Uniontown), had Invented the carbon button, 
a part of the vibrating mechanlem within the transmitter and 
the receiver. This is a little brass box containing particles 
of carbon composed of eepecialiy selected and treated coal, 
and no doubt the audience at the Iselln exercises was listen- 
lag to a very early, if not the first, public demonstration 
of its application to Bell's telephone, 

"Washington School," also known as Six Roads No. 4, 
escaped the fate of its relatives at Uniontown and Fairfield 
but was abandoned and sold for $75 when the new Avenel 
School No. 4 was opened. The buyer then resold it and it 
was tox^ down. In all probability the lumber from it was 



146 



used In the construction of one of the small houses in the 
nelghhorhood. Being located on King George's Road, the 
main highway between Woodhridge and Rahway^ on the east side 
about half way between Avenel Road and the Pennsylvania 
R. R, bridge, it became a favorite resting place for 
"Knights of the Road" especially over weekends, scarcely be- 
ing fit for occupancy many a Monday morning. With its 
old pot-stove, "cajfnred* furniture, cracked, plastered walls, 
bam-like floor, tumble-down foundations, splintered door 
and rotting wooden steps, it could not keep pace with modern 
educational progress and now the place whereon it stood 
shall know it no more. 

"Locust Grrove" school is located on the far edge of 
the township beyond Colonia on the old road leading from Rah- 
way to Plainfield and was abandoned when the new building 
was erected at Colonia near the Pemisylvania R. R. station. 
The Clark Township children attended there for many years 
although that township was in Union County. It continued 
to be used as a Sunday school for many years aftex^ards 
and the building Is still In good condition. 

A news item appearing in the Independent Hour, June 15, 

1876, says: 

*The schoolhouse in Locust Grove District 
No. 19, in the upper part of tliis town- 
ship near the residence of Colonel G. W, 
Thorne, is being enlarged and thoroughly 



/^/j 








/^jciisTG-roye, 

Sc/tooc 



147 



repaired, replastered, painted and furnished 
with new furniture of the most approved style 
and a parlor organ, with clothes room, lib- 
rary room, liall and ooal room, new outbuild- 
ings and front fence. This is an inprove- 
nent which the good people In tha.t vicinity 
v/ill appi'sciate and we consz'atulate Colonel 
Thome and the other Tmxstees and friends of 
education and comfux't for childi'en while in 
school, on their efforts to have one of the 
neatest and most comijlete little school build- 
ings in the Township and pei'ha,p6 in the coun- 
try. « 

This school wa.s a one-room building and how it hold 
all these "Uaprovements" is a mystery. The illustrations 
of these district schools were made from photographs 
taken in the early years of the administration of the pre- 
sent supervising principal of sohoola before the wave of 
public school transportation and consolidation had reached 
this township, 
■ November 20, 1871, County Superintendent Ralph Wil- 
lis wrote to the various District Clerks in Middlesex as 
follows: 

"Gentlemen: Serious evils have arisen from 
the unsettled state of the bounda-ries of 
school districts and the want of some per- 
manent form in which they may be preserved 
for reference. The Trustees of each school 
dist^^ict of Middlesex County are, therefore, 
earnestly requested ■'.o send to the County- 
Superintendent, a carefu.l description of 
their boundaries in their district. Special 
care will be needed tliat such description 
does not conflict with the claims of any 
neighboring district or districts. 



k 



148 



*.««*.»..«fhi»a« 4iifQripUoiif of \iamABViM9^ 
ffbtn Mttit in laid i:];^33Pov»d» will b« rvoox^ 
ed in a book provided for tlie purpose^ and 
nAmn th9 oolXaotion ifl oonpleted^ a oopor 
of it will be plaottd in the office of the 
State auQjerintendent at Trenton, having le- 
gal authority and force,* 

( Signed) ---R. Willis* County 

Supex*intendent 

Maroh &, lB72f Up, WiUie oalled a nweting of the 

Traatees of the Township Districts for Thursday Maroh 14, 

at the AAadesqr Sohoolhouee, Woodbridge^ at 3 p. m. for 

the purpose of examinins and oorreoting the boundary des» 

oriptions pre|>aratoz7 to their publioation in a permanent 

f orsu 



149 



Chapter XX 

Bammxy 
OtHE)E "SOimmXP SCHOOLS 

The state Superintendent's re]x>r^ of 1£»3 oii- 
llghten» the leslsleture. 

T1s» state Sixp«rlnterKi«nt Hloord calls the Toflfl 
Sui>ex*intendent*s reports "aiabigaoue** and data useless. 

District schools, '♦miserable aiiantles", says 
Hioord. Registers not kept previous to 18&6. 

The seletJtlon of teachers Is the greatest soixpce 
of ti'ouble reported loj State Superintendent in 1884. 

Sxpianotion of teiia *Pre© Schools* given. 

Many evils are corrected oy the introduction of 
the township syeten by an Act of 18^4. 

ilarltan Township organised out of Woodbrtdir^g} 
and Plsoataway TotmshipB In 1870. 

The Act of 1808 modifies the Act of 1S94. 

The \7hole nuEft)er of school dlstriote in Woodbridge 
TowisMp given in the State Superintendent's report of 
18^ la stated as seventeen. 

The repor*t of Superintendent HlXis B. Freeiaan of 
Woodbrldge appears in the Senate Jourr-al of 18&1. 

To«i Superintendent Sidney Averlll rei^orts in the 
Senate Journal 1853 and critiolzee the dletriot 8o1k>:1s. 



150 



Town Superintendent Luthex* J. Tappen says 
"Registers are kept in all schools (Woodbridse)", 

Enrollments in District Schools of Woodbridge 
for 1867 are given by State Superintendent Apgsr in 1867, 

The list of district echocls with eoiae ststistlos 
for Woodbrid^-^e Town;^lp is given, 

A quotation from Clayton^s '♦Compilation* of 1882 
nentions Master \7111iani Creamer, 

The "Independent Kour" publishes the story of a 
soiiool entertainment at Iselin, 

Mr, Edison loans his telephone to Iselin school 
for demonstration purposes. 

A news iteiti in the "Independent Hour", June 16, 
1876, tells about Locust Grove School, 

In 1371, County Superintendent Ralph \?llll8 calls 
for descriptions of school district boundaries. 

In 1872, County Superintendent Willis meets with 
the Trustees of the Township Districts at the Acadecjy 
School, Woodbridge. 



m 



CHAPTER X 
PRIVATE SCHOOLS 

1)urlng the eighteenth century and about three-quart- 
ers of the nineteenth, the period of the development of 
the "Free Schools," or public sohoola, as distinct from 
private institutions, xx>^ the raising of money for the ed- 
ucation of poor children was a regular and increasing item 
In the township budgets accoivling to the old town records. 
In fact, it almost seemed that "Wiere were no other children 
than poor children attending school. Many parents who 
could afford to do so sent their children to private schools 
of «hioh there was a considerable number In Woodbrldge 
Township, two having been previously mentioned, viz: the 
old Academy and the Elm Tree Institute. 

A few others will be mentioned as worthy of notice In 

connection with this history. "Mrs. Ricord's Boarding 

School for Young Ladles at Woodbrldge, New Jersey," is the 

heading of an advertisenent appearing in the "New Jersey 

Advocate and Middlesex and Essex Advertiser,* Volume IV, 

Ko. 4, published in Rahway, Tuesday, March 28, 1826. 

"The winter session of this school t;111 
close on Saturday, the first of April, 
and the sunraer session commences on 
Wednesday, the 19th day of April. Mrs. 
Rioord cannot, on this occasion, refrain 
from expressing her obligationa to her 
patrons. She hopes to merit their con- 



151 



/jr/A 







tB^II 






p^ajtBMaKrfTag-i^: - ' 




^^P: 




^^amm^M. 




'P? 


-f:;:-^yy^Wvi,' - 


^'r't. - 




fe;^.^'^' % 


--..'• » ■ « :■ 1 .:? »■ 


■.;-•; 





S /'■/'£. o-f-(^/cC yAcL->^/ci7z -^.77i,t/y-ccife, 



^>.£-^ ^/OO »-.-7 -^/e /<5»' 



Ai^* 






X52 



tinued support by unremitted exertions 
to Improve her pupils. 

Terms 

Reading and Writing with plain Needlework #2.50 
Arithmetic and English Sranimar 3.00 

Composition, Geography, History 

and Ornamental Needle work 3.50 

Asti»onoiay, Natural Philosophy, Rhetoric 5.00 

Muslo, Drawing and French (separate charges) 

Boarding and Washing, tll5 a year, or 
$2.00 per week exclusive of washing. 

A most particular attention will be 
paid to the moral and religious in- 
struction of the pupils." 

This school occupied the plot of land now the site of 
the two houses on the comer of Flahway Avenue and Cl£lre 
Avenue, almost directly opposite the Elm Tree Institute. 

Another Important school In the early seventies, the 
"Adrian Institute," was located lialf way between Woodbrldge 
and Iselln on New Bloomfleld Avenue, Just beyond the re- 
sidence of Mr. Reinhardt. It was destroyed by fire, prob- 
ably about 1877, The foundations are filled with discarded 
Junk with a number of large trees growing among it. The 
"Woodbrldge Independent Hour" for June 29, 1876, gives the 
following account of the graduation exercises of that yeari 

"The thl3?d annual commencement of the Adrian 
Institute at Iselln (formerly Unlontown) 
took place last Thursday afternoon. A large 
number of invited guests were present to 
witness the exorcises which were conducted 
by the efficient principal, Mrs. L, H. 
Uatthews and her assistants. Misses Anna 



153 



MlohaeliSi and Mary E. Fisher. The paa- 
tor of the Presbyterian Church, Reverend 
J. If. McRulty, gave the invocation. The 
prosraa consisted of essays, recitations, 
German conversation, piano solos, vocal 
solos and duets, a German play and a 
French play. 

"Adrian Institute has been increasing in 
popular favor since its opening three years 
ago and under the efficient manageaent of 
Mrs. Matthewa, bids fair to be one of th« 
first institutions for young ladies in th« 
ooxmtry, * 

Judging from the oomnenoement program, this school 
must have been veil patronized and of excellent standing. 

Another young ladies* boarding school occupied the pre- 
sent home of Mrs. F. 0. Tiedall, next door neighbor to the 
Elm Tree Institute (Morris Academy) and was kept by the 
Stevens sisters. French, Latin, Arithmetic, Reading, and 
Writing were the principal subjects taught. 

Hiss Nettle Walker was teacher in a private school 
erected by Judge Albert 0, Birown, father of the well-known 
"Brown Brothers" in East Woodbridge, or as it v/ss sometimes 
called, Woodbridge Heck. "The Independent Hour" of June 29, 
1S76, tells that this young lady held a pionlo at Aldemey 
Park for the scholars and pati»ons of the school, together 
with a select company of friends. 

A private school was conducted in the Presbyterian 
Manse by the pastor of the church in the old part now dem- 
olished. Reverend Thayer Martin, grandfather of J. H. Thayer 



154 



Martin, Jr. and the Presbyterian minister at the time, 
taught Latin. 

Another school was carried on by a Mr. Stevens in th© 
building now occupied by Mrs. Dunigan of (Jreen Street near 
the Pennsylvania R. R. Station before the road was cut 
thorough. Many changes have been made In the appearance of 
the building since that time. French and Drawing were two 
of the principal subjects taught. 

Miss Jane Arrowsmith* s private school for young ladies 
was held in the house now occupied by Mr, J. H. I^ve at 95 
Green Street. The appearance of the building has been 
changed considerably since its school days. 

The Misses Elmma and Sarah Mills kept a school in the 
house now owned and occupied by Mr. David Brown on Main 
Street next to the Methodist Church property on the east side. 
Tuition was #12.00 per quarter. Music and dancing were 
extra, a male teacher conilng from Newark to teach the latter 
subject. When the school closed in 1876, through the opening 
of the new graded school, now known as School No. 1, there 
were from twenty to tw©nty*flve pupils enrolled, mostly 
yotmg children. 

Today, the private school has little or no place within 
the area served by a good, well-adHinlstered school system. 
The public elementary school followed by the High School meets 



155 



•very oxviinary need of the present day, except for those who 
especially desire a social carver for their eons and daugh- 
ters and have the f inanoial ability to x)ay for it. 



156 



CHAPTER X 
Somaary 
PRIVATE SCHOOLS 

Halslxig money for the education of poor children 
was an ever Inoreaslng Item. 

Mrs. Ricord* 8 Boarding School for Xoung Ladles 
at Woodbrldge is described. 

The "Adrian Institute" beti^een Woodbrldge and 
Iselln holds its annual commencement June 22, 1376. 

Stevens sisters kept a boarding school in tha 
present home of Mrs. Tisdall, Rahway Avenue. 

Miss Nettle Walker teaches in East Woodbrldge. 
The Presbyterian Minister keeps a school in the manse. 

Other schools are kept by Ms*, Stevens, Miss Jane 
Arrowsmith and the Misses Mills, 



CHAPTER XI 
A NEW ERA BEGINS 

The following notice marlcs the beginning of another 
epoch in the history of Woodbridg© Township Sohools: 

•Kotioe 18 hereby given that an election 

will be held on Tuesday, July 24, 1894 
at 3 o'olocl: in the afternoon in Masonlo 
Hall, Wocdbrldge, New Jersey for the pur- 
pose of electing nine trustees of schools 
for the tovmahlp of Woodbridge, This elec- 
tion is called in accordance with the pro- 
visions of Chapter 335, Section 16 of the 
laws of 1894, etc, » 

Signed— H. Brews cer WllliB 

County Superintendent of Schools 
for the County of Middlesex 

Dated July 21, 1894. 
When the meeting took place, there were twenty- two can- 
didates for Trustee, the following gentlemen being elected; 
Howard Valentine, C. B. Smith, Joshua Liddle, C. W. Boynton, 
John Lockwood, Joseph W. Savage, John H, Hllsdorf, Charles 
B. Demarest and John Gorreja, Jr. On July 30, the elected 
nerabera met in the public school at Woodbridge for organi- 
zation with results as follows: 

"Mr, Howard Valentine was unanimously elected 
President and Mr. Charles B. Demarest District 
Clerk. The nembers then drew lots for the 
terms of office, J&r. Howard Valentine, Mr. 
John Hllsdorf and Charles B. Demarest secur- 
ing the three year terms; Mr. C, A. Boynton, 
BCr. John Corre ja, Jr. , and Mr. John Lockwood 



167 



168 



the two-year terms and Mr, 0. B, Smith, 
Mr. JTosiiua Llddle and Mr. Joseph V/. 
Savag© the one-year tenaa.—l 

One of the first acts of the new Board was to desig- 
nate and distinguish the several sohoolhouses "bj nuB^er. 

Woodbridse No. 1 Waehington No, 4 
Blazing Star No, 2 Locust Qrovc No, 5 
Rahvajr Neok No. 3 Iselin No. 6 
Fairfield No. 7 

Hr. B. King, Clerk of Clark To^mship, Union County, re- 
quested that the children from that township be allowed to 
continue attending the Locust Grove School for the coning 
year, their Boax^ proposing to pay for all books supplied by 
the Woodbridge Board. 

The first order for school supplies for the several 

schools under the new regime was as follows: 

"25 dross Alpha Dustless M. Crayons 
* " Assorted 

5 gal. Davids Black Ink— 1 Doz. qts. do. 
2 gross each Spencerian Pens. #1, #5, and #9 

2 OrosB Pen holders, straight handles 

10 " Lead pencils, rubber ends, stamped 
"Woodbridge Schools.* 

3 " Soap stone slats pencils— wood covered 
2 U» sheets plain oanilla writing paper. "—1 

The schools reopened Septeober 4, 1394, after the suamop 
vacation, and on September 10 the Visitation Committee of 
the Board reported an enrollment of 482 children, 360 new 
books of all kinds in good condition in the hands of pupils, 
and 1383 new books needed for all the schools. 

A special meeting was held September 25, 1894 for the 

1 Hinutes, Board of Education. 



159 



purpose of raiting by a district school tax the following 

amount thought to be necessary to conduct the schools for 

the oomiag year: 

"Teachers, Janitors end Fuel $ 850.00 

Repairs and School Supplies 425.00 

Dlatrlct Clerk's Salary 225.00 

Textbooks and Pupils* Supplies 1500.00 

Total ^50*00. 00 «—l 

All Items were voted upon favorably. 

A definite effort by the new Tmeteee to sustain the 

principals and teachers in echool dieclpline is indicated 

by the following resolution under date of October 24, 1894; 

"Resolved thpt tlie Principals of all the 
schools be requested to report to the 
Board monthly the names of ail pupils 
whose average in deportment during the 
preceding month is less than 80 and those 
pupils who cannot preserve this average 
will be liable by expulsion by the Board 
and that the Principals be instinACted to 
have this resolution read by the teachers 
in each department monthly. "—2 

At the request of the Board, Er. J. 7. Freeman, the 

Assessor, was asked to value the school property in the 

Township, v7hloh he did, i»eporting as follows: 

"Jaiiuai-y 7, 1895 

2 2,470 1300 2550 S700 



1 Himites, Board of Blduoation 

2 Minutes, Op. Oit. 



160 



District 

5 
4 
6 
6 
7 


Aiaougt. 

750 
7S0 
090 

870 

|3OTo 
added att 


Less Bends 

40 

70 


Adding Cash |»t 

100 850 

750 

60 750 

800 

strict B #5 and #6 are to 


A note was 


7'416 ' 
atlng that Dl 



be divided betr/aen Woodbrldsi^e, Rjtrltan and Clark Townships. 
The present valtiatlon of township school property appears In 
the appendlz. 

At this period the school children In Eeasbey were 
supposed to attend No. 7 (Pali^fleld) but a complaint from. 
Mr. J. 0. Rossi of Keasbey*s Landing, stated that there were 
100 children In that district unable to attend school be- 
cause of the distance to Ko, 7, and requested the Board to 
take some action In this matter. 

A petition was received by the Board from the Qraduat- 
Ing class asking for a course in Shake sperlan literature 
wMoh was granted, and the clerk authorized to purch£ise the 
necessary books to an amount not to exceed five dollars. 

The matter of adjusting district lines came up and the 
President appointed a coraiuittee to confer with cciainittees 
from neighboring townships where such adjustment was desir- 
able. 

1 Minutes, Board of Education. 



161 



Probably for the same reason that a bell was purchased 
for the graded school In 1876, a belfry wae erected on No. 
7 school. 

The district cleric reported that In oonformanoe with 

the order of the Board relative to the petition of the 

Senior olass to have a course in Shake sperian literature, he 

had purchased: 

"Twelve copies of Julius Caesar and twelve 
copies of Hamlet at 22ij^ each.* 

On April 25, Mr, John liockwood, District Cleric, re- 
ported that he had conferred with oomnitteeB of adjoining 
townships as to the proposed change of district lines be- 
tween Raritan Township and Clark Township, and stated that 
Mr. Carman, District Clerk of Raritan, he.d notified hlir 
that the Raritan Board had adopted the lines as reported 
by their committee. 

A similar report was made regarding Woodbridge and 
Raritan lines, and Woodbridge and Clark lines. It was thus 
definitely settled what school territory was included 
within Woodbridge Township. The settlement had to be made 
for the purpose of avoiding the confusion in taxation for 
school purposes which had been caused by different portions 
of a school district being in different townships or counties 
when their lines did not conform to the township lines. 



162 



The Trustees ordered that a description of the new 
hotindary lines be written in the minutes of the Board. 

Teachers' salaries were talcing a trend upward at this 
time, varying from $35.00 x>er month, the lowest in th« 
township, up to |65,00 paid to the first assistant at 
School No. 1. 

The apix>intiaents for principal were as follows: 

Miss M. J. UoCurdjT Blazing Star #2 

■ Carrie iSP Jacques Rahway Neok #3 

" E. Ella Baker Washington #4 

" Rachel F, Polsom Lootist &rove #6 

Mr, William Spencer Fairfield #7 

(Fords) 

At a meeting on May 94, Mr. H. Valentine, Chairman of 
the Teachers' Committee reported that the Committee unani- 
mously recommended IJIr. John H. Love for principal of No. 1 
School, and he was unanimously elected at a salary of $1200. 

When the new principal took charge in September, he 
found that under instruotions from the Board, no promotions 
of pupils had been made the previous June, and that the method 
of doing this was left to him. 

A proposition from Mr. A. Weber, relative to the es- 
tablishment of a school at Weber, had previously been re- 
ceived, offering to deed some property to the Board for thia 
purpose, and he now wished to know what action the Trustees 
would take. He was assured ^asA the matter would be taken 
up at an early date. 



163 



A committee v/aa eventually appointed by the President 
of the Board to meet with Mr, Adam Weber In relation to 
opening a school at that place. 

Pollowlns this action, an Interesting light on th« 

economical policy of the Trustees Is Indicated in a request 

to the janitor of School Ho. 1: 

"That he light the lamps in front of the 
sohoolhouse all evenings v/hen the moon 
is not shining." — 1 

At the same meeting, the newly appointed principal, Mr. 
John H. Z<ove, was present and at his suggestion an appz^- 
priation of #60.00 was made with which to purchase addition- 
al scientific apparatus. 

On August 19, Mr. Weber appeared before the Board and 
offered a part of the factory building at Weber for the pur- 
pose of a temporary school. 

It seems that the "Weber* school oonnlttee was in 
favor of another offer for the location of a school at We- 
ber, for at an adjourned meeting of the Board on August 26, 
Mr. Sphraim Cutter, the Chairman, reported the building of- 
fered by Rarltan River H. & P. Brick Company, through Mr. 
James Rossi the Superintendent, for a temporary school and re- 
commended that a school be opened near "Keasbeys" in th« 
southern part of the township. 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education. 



164 



Hr. Gutter also read several letters x^celved by him 
from Mr. Rossi relative to making certain changes In the 
building that he offered in order to adapt it better to edu- 
cational purposes. 

The structure was a new one and had been used as a 
store house. At the next meeting of the Boajcd it was re- 
solved: 

"that it is expedient to open a school near 
*Kea8bej I.anding* this coming year, to be 
Icnown as •No. 8 School.**—! 

Also it was resolved: 

"That th« offer of the R. H. & P. Briol: Com- 
pany » through Mr. Joseph G. Rossi, Superin- 
tendent, to furnish and prepare a building 
suitable for school purposes be accepted. "—2 

It was also decided to engage two teachers for the 
school, a principal and one assistant, the salaries to be 
140.00 and 35.00 per month respectively, and to proceed 
with the furxiishing and equipment of the building at 
once. Kiss Annie Richards received the principalship and 
Kiss Uary H. Rail was elected as assistant. 

A action was carried at the same meeting; 

"That one thousand "Perfect Slate Erasers" 
be purchased and distributed to the diff- 
erent schools in the district, "—3 



1 Minute Book, Board of Education. 

2 Ibid. 

3 Ibid. 



166 



These erasers were small, pressed paper blooks about 
two inches long, one Inch wide and half an inch thick, re- 
quiring no water. These were the days of slates and pen- 
cils. The eoooalled noiseless slates, bound around the 
edges with felt were used by the children. Teachers of to- 
day have had little or no experience with the old slate 
sponge and water euoh as the old-timer had. Drops of cold 
water gently and surreptitiously squeezed down the back of a 
neck invitingly bent forwsjrni by the pupil occupying the seat 
in front, usually produced results not conducive to the gen- 
eral good order of the class room. 

The introduction of the "Blocks" had in view not only 
hygienic improvement, but the elinination of the "water- 
and-neok" trick. It proved, however, to be siaply an ex- 
change of one evil for another, for the "Perfect Slate Eraae- 
•r* was also a perfect class-room miflsle, A teacher, weak 
in discipline, was helpless 7;hen a "Perfect" ctora b2:»oke in 
her room. 

The Keasbey School, No. 8, was opened Monday morning 
October 7, 1895, with an enrollment of 44 In the Primary De- 
partments <-xi'l 28 In the (rrammar grades. 

The Vertical VJriting System was much in vogue at this 
time and Woodbrid^je schools followed the fad. Its one re- 
deeming feature was its legibility. 



136 



Reports had begun to ooae in from several member b of 
the Board regarding the Increased enrollments at various 
points in the dietrlot, indicating that the population of 
the tonnship^ had oommenoed a steady growth and that ad- 
ditional school accommodations would soon be required. 
The great problem of building schools to keep pace with 
population growth had commenced and has continued from that 
day to this. 

In 1896, it was the custom of the principals of the 
several schools to msJue reports and address all comminica- 
tions direct to the Board which necessitated a great deal 
of detail work for the Board and for the Clerk on the minutes. 
Much of this was of minor importance and began to prove irk- 
some. 

Miss E, S. Baker, teacher and principal at No. 4, re- 
quested the Board to allow her to engage a pupil as janitor 
at $2.00 per month. Permission was given with the under- 
standing that this sum was to be paid while the weather re- 
quired the building to be warmed, and after that time, ozi9 
dollar per month for the remainder of the year. 

The principals of the smaller schools had to do their 
own Janitor work or make some such arrangement as above. 
In some oases, the principals were paid extra for this work. 

lir. John Ohmenheiser was the regular janitor at School 
Ko. 1 and x^eceived #40.00 per month when schools were in 



167 



session but the amount was out down to ^0.00 a month dm>- 
Ing the sunner vacation. 

At a February meeting, Miss Amanda d, Edgar was in- 
stalled as temporary principal at Blazing Star (Carteret) 
because of the diphtheria in the fanily of Miss MoGurdy. 

An important step in the unification of the township 

schools took place when, acting on a letter received from 

County Superintendent H. Brewster Tfillis, February 1, the 

Board decided: 

"That the sense of the Board was that Teachers' 
Meetings might be cf benefit to the teachers 
and through them to the pupils. "—1 

A motion was carried that: 

■Teachers* Meeting be held in No. 1 School- 
house on the last Friday afternoon of each 
school month at 2 o'clock and that all 
teachers be required to attend such meet- 
ings or satisfactory reason for absence 
therefrom be ^Iven to the Bosird and the 
Clerk authorized to notify the teachers, "—2 

The first meeting was held on February 21, 1896. 

On March 17, 1896, the annual meeting for the election 
of three Trustees and for voting appropriatione for the com- 
ing year was held in the Masonic Hall. As a result, Mr. A. 
R. Berry, Mr. E. C. Ensign and !&». J. H. Coddington were 
elected. 

1 Minute Boov, Bosrd of Kducatlon. 

2 Ibid. 



168 



Mr. E. C. Snalgn has S8X*ved oontlnaously, vlth the 
exception of a few months, ever since that date, an 3vl- 
denoe of the iiapllott oonfidonoe of the cojnzamlty in his 
Integrity, trustwopthineas, and ability to oocupy sach an 
honorable position. In addition to being a member of the 
Board, Mr, Snelga was elected as District Clerk in March 
1899 and still holds that position (1953), each year find- 
ing hln the unanlaous choice of tha Board. 

On May 7, 1896 (with the exception of Mr. Love who 
WAS apix>lnted on May 1) teachsrs were appointed to the town- 
ship schools as follows: 

Jolin H. Love 
Aiaanda 0. Sdgsr 
Helen Hamed 
Josephine Folsom 
Carrie Jacques 
E. Slla Baker 
Rachel P. Folsom 
Annie L. Anastrong 
William A. Spencer 
Alice Smith 
Annie Richards 
Mary H. Hall 
Isabella Middle ton 
Viola E. IHinham 
Martha S. Smith 
Aletta R. Runyon 
Luella T. Kelly 
May Kelly 
Anna D. Dixon 

Janitorial service for the following schools was fixed 

by appropriations of: 



Prinoii^l 


Ho. 


1 


$1350 


per year 


1st Assistant 


H 


2 


45 


N 


month 


2nd « 


tt 


o 


40 


it 


n 


3rd •» 


H 


2 


40 


tt 


M 


School 


« 


3 


35 


II 


n 


H 


n 


4 


35 


N 


R 


n 


n 


5 


35 


H 


a 


n 


n 


6 


40 


H 


R 


Principal 


fi 


7 


55 


H 


N 


Assistant 


» 


7 


40 


» 


R 


Principal 


It 


8 


45 


n 


R 


Assistant 


n 


8 


40 


n 


R 


N 


B 


1 


50 


N 


R 


K 


n 


1 


50 


H 


R 


R 


n 


1 


50 


II 


tt 


n 


It 


1 


50 


11 


R 


tt 


n 


1 


50 


H 


M 


« 


K 


1 


45 


W 


R 


n 


* 


1 


45 


N 


R 



169 



"Twenty dollars Janitor salary per annum 
for cleanlns schooUiouses Nos. 3, 4, 5, 
and 6, and tht we appropriate thirty 
dollars per annum for Janitor for No. 8 
schoolhouse. *— 1 

Miss Alfarata Dllkf was appointed (No. 1) as First 
Assistant In the Hish School department at $60.00 in place 
of rass Kellher who had resigned, axid Miss H. May Dixon 
was appointed Thiifd Assistant at Mo. 1 at a salary of 
|50.00 per aonth. Sir. Eugene M. Weeks was elected princi- 
pal of School No. 3 to succeed Miss HcCurdy at a salary of 
$80.00 per Bonth. Miss Hary Van Arsdale was appointed to 
teach music, drawing, Latin and German in No, 1 at a salary 
of |60,00 per month, Tbese appointments closed the oomple- 
laent of teachers for the township for the ensuing year. 

The high school faculty at that time consisted of 
John H. Love, rfery Van Arsdale, and Alfarata Dilks. Thirty- 
minute periods were in vogue, with continuous instruction 
through both sessions. 

The suhjeot of German was introduced this year, the 
besiiining of many other progressive steps in building up 
a new and modem cur'Ticulum. 

On July 6, the Textbook and Course of Study Committee 
reported as follows, the report being approved unanimously; 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education, 



170 



"At a meeting of the Committee on Text- 
books and Coui'se of Stud^' held June 30, 
1896, action was taken as follows on 
the course of study recormnended by ?fe*. 
Love. Moved and caxvied that the re- 
oonmendatlon of lUr, Love In relation to 
an En£iiish eoui^se and a Latin Scienti- 
fic course in the High School Depart- 
ment and the ooui'se of studj' outlinjd 
by hlia and presented by him to the Board 
be reoosuaended by the Committee to the 
Board for adoption. 

Signed— E. C. Ensign, Chairman of Coninittee* 

—1 

In Aui§ust, when better drinking facilities were needed, 
a new well was ordered to be dug on the north side of Schod 
Ho. 1. During the process of the operation, the contractor 
drove his drill through a layer of blue atone before reaching 
the potable water wiiioh was of I'eioarkably fine quality and 
extreiaely oool. For many years thereafter, the clanliing of 
th6 puiaphandle v;ent on, even after "city water" had "oGen in- 
troduced, until by order of the Boaxd, the Tell irns filled in 
vith ashes. 

In the same month an important change was made for the 
benefit of the children attending School Mo. 1 by the in- 
stallation of the Feck-'(71111anson System of heating and ven- 
tilating. This was a aechanlcal, hot-blaet system of heat- 
ing, and a pressure system of ventilating. A gasoline en^ 
gine drove the ventilating fans whioh sent the warn air 
through metal shafts into the several class rooaw. 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education. 



171 



This wae a tremendous advance In school heating ond 
ventilating and the system was very efficient, being In 
operation many years until It ^jore out. 

fhls year also marked the beginning of the era of 
adjust.eible school furnltui'e. At the sanie time an increased 

A 

appropriation for chemical and philosophical apparatus was 
made ($100) at the request of the high school principal. 

Hr, Chase, Trustee froo the Carteret section, was auth- 
orized "to employ the Hennann boys to haul cinders to fill 
up the school yard at No. 2 school." One of these "boys" 
later became Mayor of Cejrteret, and the other. President of 
the Carteret School Board. 

In 1897, with the object In view of improving the stan- 
dard of the school, the Supervising Principal recommended 
that the high school course be increased from three years to 
four. This suggestion was unanimously approved. Three of 
the four members of the senior class decided to continue 
through the fourth year, but the remaining student, Jar, 
John H. Weber, elected to be graduated as the last of the 
old three-yeaJ* course classes. The Boai^ dispensed with the 
usual public graduating exercises this year for obvious 
reasons. 

The visitation of other school systems for purpose of 
observation by certain teachers v/as encouraged by action of 



172 



the Tmxsteea at the request of the principal of the hl^ 
school. No. 1 was slw?.ys known as Woodbriclge high school, 
although It housed all the elementary grades too. In fact, 
children attending the school, in whatever grade, invari- 
ably spoke of going to Woodbrldge high school. 

This yeai' was also notable for the first "Grand School 
Day." County Superintendent H. Brewster Willis Mrrote to 
the Board Bsking perulsBicr. for this to be held, and Fri- 
day, June 11, 1897, w*=s fixed for the event to take place 
at Boynton Beach. I^. John H. Love was directed to confer 
with the other principals in 'olie township and make all 
ar2*arigenent0. 

Mr, C. W, Boynton, the ov/ner of the resort, gsve the 
use of the place free rith all the »ajauBeiaent,s and attrao- 
tioni" and in iiany other r;aya helped to make the day a 
joyous one for the chlldi'en. Trolleys and staGCs were the 
aeans of transportation and a fine progran of spoi'ts, in- 
cluding physical competitions and "A Grand Musical Dumbbell 
Bxerciso" took place on tho danoe-hall floor. Many of our 
"grovm-ups* still renember this event and often refer to 
their part icl:>at ion in it. 

On May 17 j 

*Mr. Ad^ja '.7eber nade r-.n offer to the Bor,rd 

to erect a suitable and modem schoolhouse 

at Weber upon plans to be approved by the 

Boar'd at a oo&t not to exceed four thousand 



173 



dollars and to lease the same to the Bo?5rd 
for five years with the prlvllerre of i*e- 
leaeing it at an annual rental of $150; the 
sohoolhouse to have aiiff'.elent rrounde 
around it and to be known as the Weber 
School. «'— 1 

The offer wps unanimously accepted. 

The Janitorial problem wa«3 much different in those 

tines elthough but thirty-five yeara hev© elapsed. Oon- 

•ider the following: 

*Moved and carried thst twenty dol?.?rs (:?S0) 
a year be allowed to the teachers of Nos. 
3, Rahway Neck; 4 Washington School, Ipter 
Six Roads; 5 Locust G-rove; and 6 Iselin #6, 
to pay for keeping the schoolhouseg cle?n 
and that forty dollars (^40) a year be allowed 
to No. 7 school (Ford.s) for- the S9xn« ^;ur- 
poee and the janitor of Ho. 8 school (Keas- 
bey) to p-et fifty doll-^rs i^60) per year for 
his services. "—2 

John Ohmenhiser, Janitor of No. 1, was receiving 
#60.00 per aonth. 

About this time, the Board gave up the annual trans- 
portation of all textbooks from the outside schools to 
School Ho, 1 for storage puarxssee for the sunner and the 
redistribution of them in the fall and substituted 

"closets Qade with locks built in each of 
the sohoolhouses for the purrxsse of keep- 
ing the textbooks in during vriciition. "—5 

A motion was also carried "to provide places for ty- 
ing horses at No. 7 school." 



1 Minute Book, Board of Sduoation. 

2 Ibid. 

3 Ibid, 



If4 



Sone thing had occurred relating to the "Weber School* 
proposition, tor at the August meeting a motion was passed 
directing that the contract with Adam Weher be revoked if 
adYi sable. Later reports from the committee appointed in 
this matter, led to the acceptance of an offer from Mr. 
Keasbey of the R. H. & P. Brioik Company to build an addi- 
tion to the Weber school. 

The minutes Bhow that coal for the schools was being 
supplied at prices varying from |5.10 per ton to $6.26 per 
ton, according to the distance it had to be carted. Lo- 
euat Qrove School called for four tons at the latter price. 
Roads in those days wezHi not as they are today and had to 
be reckoned with when bidding. 

On November 89, 1897: 

"On motion the Board decided to erect a 
two-storey brick schoolhouse at Keas- 
bey, New Jersey. "—1 

A committee was then appointed to visit Keasbey to 
ascertain if they could secure a lot for the proposed schod 
Woodbrldge Fire Company, No. 1, was authorized to call up- 
on the Janitor of No. 1 School to ring the schoolhouse bell 
in case of any fire that might occur. The fire laddies had 
been experimenting with the rim of a large steel wheel and 
with a small bell, but they were dismal failures, hence the 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education, 



176 



request to the Boax*d for the \)ls school bell. 

On December 6, the special conuaittee on the Keasbey 
school site reported that the R. H. & P. Brick Coupany 
offered to donate a site for a school at the corner of 
Crows Mill Road and to lay out a new street. 

The Board accepted the offer with certain minor pro- 
▼isions and directed that Mr. Adaa Weber be notified of 
their intention to erect a school building at Keasbey at 
public expense and not lease any building from private 
parties. 

On March 3, 1898, the Keasbey s-^oolhouse committee 
reported that a two-story brick school could be erected 
and completed for $6500 including furniture and heating 
apparatus. The report was adopted and the following re- 
solution Qirried: 

"That the Board of Education be authorized 
to exchange the present lot now owned by 
the said Board near Weber's factory, for 
a lot on which to build a echoolhouse, 
situated on the easterly side of Crows Mill 
Road, having a frontage of 150 feet on said 
road and 150 feet in depth, and within six 
hundred feet of present scnoolhouse, said 
lot to be conveyed to said Board by the 
Rarltan Hollow and Porous Brick Company, etc." 

The resolution also authorized the erection of the 
school at a cost not to exceed 1^6000 and bonds to be issued 

1 lilinute Book, Board of Education. 



/v^. 



T 







^ 



>s 






176 



for $6500 to Include the furnishings. 

At the Annual Meeting, March 15, the following appro* 

priatlons appeared on the ballot and were carried; 

"Current Expenses of the Schools $7500 

Repairs to School Buildings 1000 

Textbook, Apparatus and Pupils* 

Supplies 900 

Total ^§?5?5— 1 

So many pupils were riding to school on bicycles, that, 
at the request of Principal John H. Love, School No. 1, 
the Board ordered that a place be built for the proper stor- 
age and care of theo. This was done and the old *'bic7ole 
room* was fitted up with holders. Many "grown-ups* will 
remember this convenience. 

Soon afterwards, the Board, on resolution, decided to 
open a school in New Dover, and Miss Anna Cheeseman was 
appointed teaoher at a salary of |400 per year. 

At the September meeting, the Boai^ arranged to open 

a room: 

•in the Canda Brick building for a school 
room at a rental of $10.00 per month for 
the purpose of extending No. 2 school. 
(Carteret). "~2 

In 1899, as an expression of their appreciation of the 

interest of the Raritan Hollow and Porous Brick Company in 

the Keasbey school, the following resolution was passed by 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education. 

2 Ibid. 



I 



177 



%h9 Board on January 23: 

*The Board of Education of Woodbridge Town- 
ship feel that the Rarltan Hollow and Por- 
ous Brlok: Company of Keasbey have taken a 
moat iinusual interest In the sohoolhouse 
Just erected there. The material help 
given In the way of land, brick, and other 
things has enabled us to erect a much more 
roony and substantial building than would 
otherwise have been the case. We wish, 
on behalf of ourselves as representatives 
of the Township, and of all friends of 
Public Schools, and school children to ex- 
press our hearty thanks sjid appreciation 
for what they have done in this case, and 
we hope that not only may they never have 
cause to regret what they have don« for 
the children, but that all may see that it 
is a good Investment, "—1 

In 1899, the Sewaren Land and Improvement Company 
approacheA the Board with a proposition regarding a lot 
for a school, and at the same meeting the piroposltion was 
supported by the people of Port Reading who petitioned the 
Board for a school building, which resulted In the appoint- 
ment of a committee to select a suitable lot and report to 
the Board. 

At the annual meeting, March 20, the voters were called 
upon to ballot on a resolution authorizing the school Trus- 
tees to aoeept a plot of land containing a number of lots 
on which to build a sohoolhouse situated on the southwest 
comer of School Street and Cottage Avenue, Port Reading, 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education. 



rra 



0aid lot to be oon7eyed to said Board by the Sewaren Land 
and Improvement Company. 

The Board of Education was also authorized to erect 
a sohoolhous© to be built of brick at a cost not to exceed 
16000, inoludins fumlshinga. 

At the organization meeting of the Board, March 28, 
Ur, K, C. Snsign was elected District Clerk, and has held 
thiB office without a break since that time. 

The plot of land voted for at the annual meeting did 
not meet isrith the approval of the Board and at a special 
meeting of the voters held June 8, the location of the new 
»^K»ol to be erected at Port Reading was slightly changed, 
making 200 feet on School Street and 100 feet on West Avenue. 
In this month also, the Board dispensed with the room in 
the Canda Building at Carteret iiriiich had been used for school 
purposes. 

The plans of J. K. Jensen, architect, were accepted for 
the Port Reading school and construction ©omnenoed soon after- 
wards, the contract having been awarded to Mr. John T. Moore. 

Reports now began to be received of the crowded condi- 
tions at the Carteret school, and in November a petition 
from residents of Carteret for better aocomiaodatione was pre- 
sented to the Board whiok appointed a committee to look for 
a suitable school site at that place. 



//^ 



/( 




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-J. - /V/ /^»-v c^ 






^ ^3£^iiun.aJ^^^:i£.i^ 









179 



CHAPTER XI 
SiiBBBai*3r 
A NEW ERA BEGIMS 

Notice is given of an election July 24, 1894, for 
the purpose of conforming to the new school law. 

The new School Board transaote business. Three 
thousand dollars had been r£.ised by District School 
Tax. 

The trustees mke rules for school discipline. 
School property is valued at 035,150. 

Demands for a school at Keasbey received by the 
Board. District scliool lines rectified in 1876. 

Hie school trustees appoint township teachers. 
Mr. Howard Valentine, (Xbkalnnan of Teachers' Comnittee, 
recoEunends Mr. John H. Love for principalship of School 
No. 1, May 24, 1895. 

Mx". A. Weber makes a proposition for a school at 
Weber. 

The Raritan Hollow A Porous Brick Company offers 
to prepare a school and fui*ni«hi It at Keasbey and the 
offer is accepted. 

Keasbey School No, 8 is opened October 7, 1895. 
The great problem of building schools oommenoes. 
Teachers* Meetings are encouraged by the Board. 



IdO 



List of toaohers and ealdJ^ies Is given for 1396- 
1897. 

Qenaan introduced in the ourrioulum 1896. Tha 
Board adopts Course of Study recomnended by Mr, Love. 

A new heating ay stem is Installed in School No. 1 
and adjustable desks intaroduced. 

Supervisor J. H. Love recommends a four-year course 
for the high school in 1897. 

First "O-rand School Day* held June 11, 1897. The 
Board decides to build its oim eohool at Keasbey. 

The school appropriations for 1898-1899 are $9400. 
The Board decides to open a school at New Dover. 

The Sewaren Land and Improvement Company makes a 
proposition to the Board regai»ding a school at Port 
Heading in 1899. 

The Board is authorized to erect a school at 
Port Reading at a cost not to exceed |5000. 

On March 28, Ifc*. E. C. Ensign is elected District 
Clerk. 

A committee is appointed to look for a suitable 
school lot at Carteret. 



^^ 



A 




OHAPTSH XII 
CSliTRALIZA!PION BE&INS 

In 1900 a laotion was carried on llaroh 6: 

"tlip.t $300 be Inserted in the budget for the 
coming year for the transportation of schol- 
ar 8 of the higher grade froia Carteret to 
Wood,brldse high BOhool.* 

Thi« item wrs rejected by the voters at the annual 
election on March 20. 

The traneportation idea, however, was budding, but 
none cotild foresee the great oalc that would grow from such 
a little acorn. At the present time (1955) the budget item 
for school transportation is over -^30,000. 

One of the most advanced steps in progressive policy 
ever taken by the Board was it* decision to unify the 
aehools of the township under one administrative head, and 
by a unanimous vote the principal of School No. 1 was ap- 
pointed Supervising Principal over the schools of Woodbridge 
Sehool District, 

On August 25, at a special meeting of the voters, the 
Board was authorized to purchase a school lot at Gftj^t/e^^et, 
Rahway Avenue and Fitch Street, and to erect a two-stor y 
brick structure at a cost not to exceed i$12,500. Including 
lot, sohool, and furnishings. 



XSl 



182 



The emjolXoent at No. S, Carteret, had Increased ao 
much that, upon the suggestion of the supervising pi»ln- 
olpal, the "Copenhagen System* was IntroAuoed as a re- 
lief aeasure. This aystem, In brief, supplied a "helper* 
to the regular teacher, who did the actual teaching 
to one group, while the helper took oar© of the re- 
maining pupils, usually with "busy work," Severe-l very 
fine teachers developed in later years from these helpers 
trained under the tutelage of a good teacher. One young 
girl who oonnenced in a building, orlglnaLly a stoi^e, 
is now principal of one of the largest schools in the 
township. 

Thft Port Reading school opened in the fall of tJie 
year, the first teachers being Miss Hattle Demarest and 
Miss Susan Seva^je, and the number of the New Dover school, 
No. 9, was transferred to the new Fort Reading school. 

The repair committee was directed to secure a Janitor 
for the school at a salary not to exceed $10,00 per month. 
Hr. Henry Turner received the appointment. 

A great improvement in sanitary arr»angements for 
School No, 1 was made by abolishing the old type of cut- 
side toilets and introducing the modern water closets. 
The old vaults which had been in use since 1876 were 
changed into a storage bin for coal, an underground runway 
being Constructed, leading into the school building. 



X63 



On PebruaJTT 7, 1901, the following minute Is Inter- 
esting as giving the naiaes of local newspapers at that 
tlae; 

■Moved and carried that an advertisement 
for bids for the erection of the new 
sohool building at Carteret be inserted 
twice in the next Issues of the follow- 
ing papers: Woodbrldge News, Woodbridge 
Register, Perth Amboy Republican, and 
the Kahwajr Advocate. " 

All these names have disappeared and new ones have taken 

their place. 

At the Board meeting on March 10, the contract for 
erecting the new sohool at Carteret was awarded to Ira R. 
Grouse on his bid of i|89S0. 

The annual meeting of the district voters was held 

on tie 19th and the following appropriations were carried; 

"Repairs to School Buildings |2000 

Terctbooks and Suptjlles 1600 

Bonds falling due 2000 

Interest on Bonds and. Notes. ....... . 1900 

Current Expenses. 12500 

At the May Slst meeting, the Board at the request of 
Mr. H. Brewster Willis, County Superintendent, endorsed 
the uniform County Course of Study in the following reso- 
lution: 

*Re solved that we hereby endorse the uniform 
county course of study for tiie prinary and 
grammar years of work as approved by Charles 
J. Baxter, State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, and has been used in this 
county and district for the past four years. 



/fj^ 







/L//./V:^5 <:y/^-52 



^-^tS T-rCG^ 



7^ ^^Gt^ ^^C^^/^^^ 



184 



and hereby request the teaohere of the 
district to continue to carry out said 
course. * 

All the schoolG of the township were ordered olosed 
on September 19 as a mark of respect to the nemox^ of 
President William KcKlnley who had been assassinated, hli 
funeral being held this dny. 

The attendance at the New Dover School (No. 11), hav- 
ing decreased so niuoh, the school was ordered olosed on 
January 1, 1902, and the teacher, Mlsa Sohendorf, trans- 
ferred to locust drove (No. 5). The Harltan Township Board 
was then Informed of the Board's action. It should be re- 
nenbered that this school was located in Rarltan Township 
Just over the boundary line on vtood Avenue. The Woodbrldge 
Board had been supplying the teacher, material, and eqtiip- 
ment, and the Rarltan Board the building. This action on 
the part of the school Trustees eliminated another of the 
old district schools. The building is now a private resl- 
Aenoa. 

In 1902, at the annual school meeting on the 10th of 
March, the following appropriations were voted by the tax- 
payers: 

"Repairs to School Buildings $2000 

Bonds f railing due 1000 

Interest on Bonds and Notes 1700 

Textbooks and Pupils' Supt>lies 1500 

Current Expenses 13800 

Total .§20000 



I8d 



asgooiates and the townspeople. What was Woodbrld^e'e loss 
was PerUi Am^y's gain. 

On March 17, the taxpayers voted for a briok addition 
to School Ho. 1 consisting of four roocSf to cost, includ- 
il^ furnishings, not mors than $13,000. The total budget 
at this election was $20, OCX). 

At the organization meetine, !ilr. William Sdgar was 
elected president and held the office until his death in 
1912. 

Appointinents of teaohere were aade in Uay, the lowest 
salaries being |400 for the teachers at Rahway Neelc, Locust 
Grove and Iselin. In the "graded'* school, the lowest sal- 
ary was $460 and from that figure, salaries ran up to $600 
for the teacher of a combination 7th and 8th grade. Prin- 
cipals* salaries were: Oarteret No. 2, $900; Fairfield 
No. 7, #700; Keasbey No. 8, $700; Port Reading No. 9, $500; 
and Carteret No. 10, $550. The lowest salary in the hi^ 
school department which had four teachers beside the Prin- 
cipal-Supervising Principal, was $600 and the highest, $750, 
was paid to the vioe-prlncipal. 

Messrs. John H. Lelsen, John Xjookwood and Williaa I>. 
Hamed were appointed a oonEiittee to supervise the addition 
to School No. 1; Mr. J. X. Jensen, the architect; Eughes 
and iloElroy the carpenter work contractors; Randolph Lee 



la? 



the mason contractor; and Mr. Prank Edgar the contractor 
for the tinning work— these were the lowest bidders. 

In 1904 the need for another school building at Cart- 
eret was brought to the attention of the Board and a coa- 
mlttee was appointed to Investigate, n^loh later reoommend- 
eA the erection of the desired school. Mr. Slmer Osbom, 
one of the Cax*teret members of the Boajrd, recommended the 
building be erected on the site of the old School No. 2, 
and the recommendation was adopted unanimously. 

The following resolutions were passed at the meeting 

of April 11: 

"Resolved: that the Board be authorized to 
erect and furnish a two-stor y brick school 
building containing thirteen rooms, on the 
site of the present No. 2 School building 
at Carteret, said building to cost not moz*e 
than $35,000.'' 

Another resolution authorized the Board to dispose of 
the old school building aa advantageously as possible. It 
was also decided to raise the sum of $3000 to complete and 
furnish the No. 1 addition and to provide additional heat- 
ing facilities for the main part of the building. The re- 
Gommendations of the Boajrd, at a special meeting held April 
28, were approved almost unanimously. 

Messrs. H. V. 0. Piatt and Elmer Osbox^, members fro« 
Carteret and Mr. John H. Lelsen were appointed as a ooa- 
■ittee to secure plans and specifioatlone for the projected 



188 



B«w sohool at Carteret and their reoommendatlons were pre- 
sented at a meeting held May 17 and were adopted subject 
to approval by the State. The same committee was appointed 
to superintend the erection of the building. 

An effort was made by a malty company to change the 
location of the proposed sohool, but, no doubt Influenced 
by a petition ff(»i Carteret citizens, presented by Mr, J. 
H. Thayer Martin, it was decided unanimously to adhere to 
the original plan. Permission was given by Mr. Canda to 
move the old building to an adjacent lot, the Board to use 
it until the new sohool was erected. The illustration on 
pa£« 130 A shows both buildings, new and old. 

Some time later, old No. 2 was dismantled and became, 
as many another good school that had outlived its usefulness, 
a nere memory. 

A severe stora had displaced the cupola from tie top of 
the school and carried it away down the road to the aston- 
iidbment of the good people of the town* Perhaps the old cup- 
ola could not bear to see what was going on below and was 
glad to be removed from the sad scene of destruction. 

In June of this year, Mr. Clarence M. Llddle was elected 
Custodian of School Monies, Mr. Louis Bradford of Newport, 
New Jersey, was appointed principal of School Ho. 10 at a sal- 
ary of $550.00 per year. Mr. Bradford left the teaching pro- 
fession many years ago but at the present time is a member of 



189 



the Board of Education of the Borough of Carteret. 

On September 18, 1905, the followins motion appears 

on the minutes of the Boards 

"Moved and carried that all ohlldren in 
fourth grade. School Ho. 9 (Port Read- 
ing) be allov7ed to attend either iohool 
No. 1 (Woodbridge) or School No. 2 
(Carteret) as they see fit.^ 

There was no such thing as transportation at that tliM 
except for those fortunate on as wlu^se parents had their own 
yehicles. All the other children wallzed to school. 

At the November laeeting, Supervising Principal John E. 
lK)ve requested the Board to allow the teachers of the town- 
ship to have a one-session day one Friday each month for the 
purpose of a general conference of teachers and for the meet- 
ing of the Township Pedagogical Circle at School No. 1 in the 
afternoon. The request was granted. This "Circle* was or- 
ganized for the study of one or more professional books each 
Bonth, drawn by the teachers from the Middlesex County Peda- 
gogical Library whidi had its headquarters at New Brunswick 
and had been organized under the leadership of County Super- 
intendent of Schools, H. Brewster Willis, 

The pro-ams of these teachers* meetings centered around 
discussions and papers based on the reading of this profes- 
sionsuL llteratu3:*e and usually followed by conference on laat- 
ters peartaining to the general welfare of the township. 



190 



Supported by annual oontrlbutiong from the teacher e 
of the oounty outside the cities, and supplemented later 
by an allowance from the State, a splendid Pedagogical 
Library had been built up, being housed in the New Bruns- 
wick Public Library building and lasting until after the 
death of Mr. Willis. 

A few years ago, the boc&s were distributed among 
the several districts, some were presented to the library 
of Hutgers University for the use of teacher-students, and 
the "Professional Circles* ceased to exist as a county oiv 
ganization. 

In 1906, tuition charges for pupils attending Wood- 
bridge schools from outside the township were fixed at ten 
dollars per year for primary children and fifteen dollars 
per year for the grammar grade pupils. 

On February 19, 1906, the Board engaged Mr. J. H. 
Thayer Martin, Jr. to represent them: 

"before the oomcilttee on Townships and 

BoroughB and stats the position of the 
Bosrd of Education regarding its school 
bonds and the proposed Borough of Cart- 
eret, " 

•Die number of high school students from Carteret had 

been increasing steadily, until at this time they formed a 

goodly proportion of the high school department student body. 

The grade school department also in that section of the town^ 

ship had been increasing in enrollment owing to the rapid 



191 



grovth in population, and a movement had been Initiated 1^ 
an Interested group of citizens to secede from the town- 
ship and form a nainiclpallty of their own under the name 
of the Soroush of Roosevelt, to include both Carteret and 
Chrcme* Another Important action was taken at this meeting, 
the following motion being passed! 

"Moved and carried that some provl alone 
be made in the annual budget for trans- 
portation of pupil B from outlying dis- 
tricts to Woodbrldg© High School." 

As a matter of economy, Principal James Shepard of 
School No. 2 was authorised to direct the removal of old 
furniture from the old No. S school for use in the new No. 2. 

Th9 annual election of Trustees was held In March, a 
total of twenty votes being east. 

At this time there was only one school poll In the town- 
ship and that was in Woodbrldg© proper. Unless there was 
something of unusual interest astir In school matters, the 
niffiiber of citizens appearing at elections was usually snisll. 

The roads were generally In bad condition ct this sea- 
son of the year and it was no unusual ooourrence for a stage 
carrying voters from Carteret to Woodbrldge to get stuck in 
the mud, its occupants then being compelled to complete the 
Jousmey on foot. 

More than once, the writer has assisted in rounding up 
enough voters to open the nee ting at the annual election. 



y^/ /I 







^^ftntaAt^Tf 



/t/^SS 4jrr,'^CZr''^fsA, ^-^Acr/^fft/a^A, . fjAtis/J^'y.^ 



7« 



; 



10S 



— ,, Mr. Elmer E. Osborn and Mr. R, V. 0. Piatt, 

having been appointed, to membership on the Board of Educa- 
tion of the new Borough of Roosevelt, their places on the 

VlUTItS. IS" 

Woodbrldge Board were filled ^by the election of Mr, Howard 
A. Tappen sJid Mr. William T. Ames for their unexpired terns. 

Under the able leadership of Miss Gornlsh of the high 
sohool department, a school orchestra had been organized and 
was now honored by being invited to nlay for the high school 
Commencement Exercises. (5ss psge 191 A — Illustration) 

It had become the custom now to bring to Woodbrldge 
the f««irth and eighth grades of the township for their annual 
exeissises and to receive certificates of promotion. 

The children met in Sohool No. 1 In the early afternnnn 
and paraded to the Methodist Episcopal church, the Trustees 
of ^ich kindly allowed the use of the building free of 
charge for the event. 

This custom continued until the fourth grades got too 
large and could not be accommodated; the eighth grades alone 
filled the church with their friends and relatives. 

The eighth grades soon grew too large also and eventu- 
ally were divided into two groups, Keasbey, Hopelawn, and 
Fords fonaing one group using the Fords Ko. 7 building, and 
later the new No. 14 building for their exercises and those 
on the north side of the township fox^iiing the second group. 



X9d 



using the audltorluia of the new Barron Avenue high school. 

As the years passed by, the high school ol&sses which 
had held their exercises alternately in the Methodist 
Episcopal church and the Presbyterian church because their 
own auditorium was too small, grew too large for the 
Methodist church. They then used the Presbyterian church 
annually until the erection of the handsome auditorium on 
the north side of the high school. 

At the present time (1933) the high school auditor- 
lorn is taxed to its fullest capacity for this annual event 
owing to the increasingly large graduating classes. 

Although the Board of Roosevelt had taken over the 
schools of that section, arrangements having been made for 
taking care of the school bonds issued for Ko. 2 and No. 10 
as they fell due, the high school students continued to 
attend the Woodbrldge High School at an annual tuition rate 
of #55.00 per capita. 

Port Reading No. 9 had now reached its capacity and 
demand arose for additional accommodations for the children. 
A vacant room in the village was secured as an annex and 
Miss Jennie Numbers appointed teacher, October 15 at a 
salary of $460. 

Residents of Avenel now began to agitate for the trans- 
portation of scholars from Avenel to Woodbrid^se school but 



194 



the Bo&rd refused to grant It, saying: 

*A11 school children from the f Iret to the 
eighth grade llTlng In that ylclnlty ©an 
be aocoiomodated at School No. 4." 

The transportation fever was spreading, having reached 

Keashey, a coiamunication being received from the people of 

that place: 

"requesting free transportation for their 
children attending the Woodbridge High 
School. * 

An important resolution reading aa follows, was passed 

at the meeting of the Board on October 15: 

"Moved and carried: that the High School 
Dirsloma shall be granted only for four 
full years of high sehool work and that 
a Oonuaeroial Certificate shall be issued 
for the three years oomraercial worffc and 
that to obtain the High School Diploma, 
holders of such certificate shall se- 
lect enough studies to complete four years 
of work." 

This action was indicative of the development that had 
taken place in the high school department through the pass- 
ing years. 

On January 21, 1907, a delegation from Avenel appeared 
before the Board and requested better school facilities for 
that vicinity. 

In response to pressure from Keasbey and Port Reading, 
estimates were secured for additions to the schools in those 
sections and presented to the voters in March at the annual 



195 



meeting and were carried unanliaouflly. 

The reooEiraendationa included a second-story briok 
addition oontElnlng two rooms for Ko, 9 at a oost not 
to exoeed |6000, and a two-stor y brick addition of four 
•lass rooms to the Keasbey school not to cost more than 
I120CX}. 

The use of electric light in the town had been in- 
creasing and the Board moved to install electric li^te 
la assembly room, halls, and cloak rooms of No, 1 school, 
at a cost not to exoeed |250. Iiarge, swinging oil lamps 
were in the school now and were still the only source of 
artificial light. 

It will perhaps be interesting to note that the ex- 
penses of the March 18 election for officials were a bill 
for #5,00 from Mr, T. Harvey Morris who had acted as sec- 
retary. It should be mentioned, however, that his report 
reads in part: 

"The following appropriations and resolu- 
tions receiving a majority of the votes 
were carried unanimously (35 votes)." 

At the same election, Hr. Melvln Glum, representing 

the Fords section of the township, became a member of the 

Boai*d and served continuously as member, vloe-pz*e8ldent, 

and president of the Board until his death, on Apz*il 10, 

1933. 



f 



■x4 




196 



The demand for Increased school facilities had now 

apread to Fords, for at the May 6 meeting, Keasra. William 

Edgar, the president of the Board, and John H. Lelsen were 

appointed a committee: 

"to investigate the need of nore achool 
z>oom at FozM.8 and ascertain at what 
figure a suitable lot can be procured 
in that vlolnity. * 

On July 15: 

"Ur. H. A. Tappen, Chairman of the special 

ooEElttee appointed to investigate the 
school needs of Avenel, recommended the 
renting of the Avonel Fire House and the 
8ectu*lng of a teacher to teach there. * 

The reoosuaendatlon was adopted and in August, Mies 
Carrie Swing was appointed as "Fire House" teacher at a sal- 
ary of $450. 

The matter of transporting pupils from Port Reading 
came before the Board again, but the Clerk was directed to 
Inform the petitioners for that privilege that their request 
oould not be granted because there was no money available 
for that purpose during the present school year. 

In 1903, attention was drawn to the fire hazaxvis at 
No. 1, 00 the old wooden stairs leading to the second floor 
were eliminated and iron stairs substituted; the side wall/ 
of the stairwa^ were filled with flake asbestos as fuarbher 
protection. 

Medical inspection was introduced and Drs. B. W, 



197 



Kiaglattd and I. T. Spenoer appointed as inspectors. 

Mr. C. W. Boynton of Boynton Beach, who for many years 
had served as member of the Board of Education, and was one 
of the progressive eitlzens responsible for the erection 
of the "Graded School* in 1876, died at his home in Sewar- 
en. Although he had not been a Board member for many years, 
he had continued his interest in the schools and was always 
active in his support of the progressive policies of the 
Board. 

Resolutions of regret were drawn by the Board and or- 
dered put on the minutes. 

At the September meeting of the Board, the following 

motion was carried: 

"Moved and Carried: the president be author- 
ised to contrr.ot with the New York and New 
Jersey Telephone Company for installing tele- 
phone In No. 1 school." 

This was a decidedly pro^esslvc step In the unifica- 
tion of the township schools and it was not long before all 
the schools were connected with the office of the supervis- 
ing principal at Woodbridge No. 1. 

Steady pre s sure from Keasbey and Fords resulted in the 

following action: 

"Moved and carr-led the trolley fares of 
Michael Pee from Keasbey, and Ella Joyce 
from Fords, attending Woodbridge High 
School be paid. » 



196 



The principle of paying transportation of high school 
pupils to the Central High School was getting more firmly 
established. Equality of opportunity in regard to a high 
school education for all children in the township qualify- 
ing and desiring it, was now being demanded as a right and 
was being definitely established by the Board, 

In 1909, at the April meeting of the Board, a petition 
was presented to them signed by thirty residents of Foinis 
praying that body to purchase a piece of land at the rear 
of Ho, 7 school lot for a stun not to exceed $400 and to 
erect a school on the combined lots at a cost not to ex- 
ceed $13600. Steps were at once initiated to secure the 
proposed lot and all additional frontage up to 200 feet, 
free and clear. 

Another Board member of the old regiiae died this 
year, Mr, John Lookwood. Many years of faithful and ef- 
ficient service had been rendered by him to the schools 
and he was well known for his business integrity, unia- 
peaohable character, kindliness of heart and his unfail- 
ing intez>est in all educational matters. 

Resolutions of regret and a testimonial to his worth 
were passed by the Board and ordered put on the minutes. 

Manual training was introduced into the schools by 
the appointment of Miss Edith Hinsdale ae art aiid manual 



199 



training teacher in No. 1 School at a salary of $700. At 
first the vrork was entirely for the grades, wooden trays and 
sloyd knives being the chief tools. 

The teachers* ooamlttee presented a teachers* salary 
aohedule to the Board, which was ordered laid over for a 
Bonth, but was finally adopted. 

As this was the first definite attempt to regulate 

teachers' salaries providing for regular annual increments, 

It is herewith given: 

"Salary Schedule for the Schools 
of 
^oodbridge Township 
June 7, 1909 

Fiy , 8^ : 

The ajlniiaum salary for priiaary teachers, Nor- 
mal 5ohoo3. graduates without experience, shall be 
|600. The aaxlrauiB salary shall be $800. 
feeond ; 

^e minlmun salaiv fo^ untrained teachers v/ith- 
out experience shall be $450. The maximum salary 
for primary or gratmar grade teachers shall be $800. 
Third : 

The miniffium salary for trained grammar school 
teachers shall be |600. The saxlnum salary shall be 
|900. 
JIgjjrth: 

■fhe ainimum salary for high school teachers and 
special teachex^s shall be $650. The maxlnua salary, 
|950. The rainlEiuffi solaz^ of the vice-principal of 
the high school sliall be ^850. The aaxiaua 5^1200. 
Fifth : 

The ainlEium salary of principals of primary or 
granmir schools of two to four rooias shall be |650. 
the Eiajcimum, #950. 
Sixth ; 

The minimum salary for principals of primary or 
grainmar schools of Eore than four rooms shall be 



200 



$750. The maximum illOSO. 

Provided : 

No teacher shall be appointed principal of 
a school of nore than one room unless he or she 
sliall he.ve at least a First Grade County Certi- 
ficate In full force and effect. 
Provided ; 

t'each^rs of one-2*ooni schools shall be i-'atsi 
&B primary teachers if there be lees than five 
grades and as si'aniniar grade teachers if there be 
more than four grades. 
Provided ; 

fnoreases of salary shall be based upon 
length of sei^ice and efricicnoy. For each year 
of service the teacher shall be entitled to $2S 
increase; pjid for rating as "^Q" G-od, to ^25 ad- 
ditional. Increases shall continue until the 
oaximuEi of the grade is reached. The rating of 
the teachers shall be based upon separate 1*6- 
cords kept respectively by the principals and the 
supervlBing principal and marked each aonth. 
Said records sliall not be divulged to any other 
teacher than the one immediately interested, the 
supervising principal of schools and meabers of 
the Board of Education. Said records shall be 
submitted to the Teachers* Coiaciittee for oonsid* 
eration at least one week liamediately pz^ceding 
the annual appoiutnent of teachers. Blanlis for 
such records shall be provided by the Board of 
Education. 

Oa May 17, the following resolution was passed; 

"Whereas; John H. Love has occupied said pos- 
ition of Supervising Principal for eXf^t 
years last past and possesses all the quali- 
fications required by law: Therefore; ^e 
do appoint the said John H. Love as Supejv 
vising Principal for the school district 
of the to'.mship of Woodbridgcs for the tena 
of one year to take effect Jvilyl, 1909." 

This resolution was passed because the State Legisla- 
ture at its last session had passed an act terminating 
the office of supervising principal in all the townships. 



boroughs, and olties without superintendents, on the 30th 

of June, 1909. This also provided that such an officer 

could only be reinstated upon the authorization and reoom- 

mendatlon of such an officer "bj the County Superintendent, 

The Board could follow suit if it were of the opinion that 

such an office wast 

"a necessity for the equal instruction, 
advanoesent and benefit of all the school 
children of the district." 

A special meeting of the voters of the towni^lp was 
held June 29 for the purpose of voting on a resolution to 
purchase a lot adjacent to the Fords No. 7 school and erect 
a schoolhouse on the combined lots, the total oost with 
furniture and other neoeseery equipment, not to exceed $1400. 
The total vote oast wes seventeen for the resolution and 
none against it. The building was to be of brlok and con- 
tain four class rocae. 

On September 20, the president and District Clerk were 

authorized to take measures to: 

"transport school children living remote from 
schools to schools tkat are most convenient.* 

The supei*viains principal had coae into possession of 

an "Orient Buckboard", one cylinder automobile, tiller steer* 

ing, friction plate drive, motor mounted at the rear, and 

was using it as a raoans of transportation to the township 

schools when visiting them. Today, the machine would be a 



202 



ourloaitjr* The Board passed a motion to supply gasoline 

for the ear wliile using it for echool purposes. Very 

little gasoline was consumed because the ear was, aa a 

rule, out of ooEunission. 

The first recorded purchase of trolley tickets for 

school children appears in the jninutes under the date of 

June 29: 

"Moved and carried: an order for $50 be 
drawn in favor of Supoi'vising Principal 
John H. Love, to be used for the pui*- 
chase of trolley tickuts to be sold to 
pupils. Said $50 be repaid to ths cus- 
todian of school monies at the close of 
the Ediool year, ^ 

At this tiiae the first townsMp tinxant ofrioei* was 
appointed. ** 

On October 19, transportation for childi^en above the 
fifth grade at Port Reading to and from V/oodbridge was 
ordered by the Board, The meeting of this date marks an- 
other epoch in the history of the Woodbridge schools, for 
on action of B!r. Tappen, the following preamble and resolu- 
tions were adopted: 

*Wherea8 in the Judgiaent of this Board, 
the school acconciociaticns nov: provided 
in this district «ire inadequate and un- 
3uiL,ed to the nuaber of pupils attend- 
ing or desiring to attend school and: 
Whereas: it is the opinion of this 
Board tliat, in order to provide ade- 
quate and suitable school accomnodations, 
a plot of land be seciired and a new 
soixoolhouse be erected and eohool furni- 



7nr 7*. .<. ^««^<j»'//r^A/^a^,> <z./aJ^e,nt-A^ 



203 



ture ?jid other necessary equipment rnir- 
chflsed, find that the amount necessary 
for the foregoing la thought to be the 
sum of STOjOOO, therefore. Resolved: 
thfct a Eieetine of the legal votrrs of 
th« school district be held at ?.!5 sonic 
Hall, Woodbridge, on the 16th d&y of 
November, 1909, at three o'clock in the 
afternoon s.nd. thnt the District Clerk be 
and Is, hereby directed, etc " 

Other resolutions called for the purchase of a lot at 
a price not to exceed ^5000 at the comer of Grove Avenue 
and Barron Avenue and to erect a schoolhouse which, with 
its furniture and equipment, vas not to exceed a cost of 
§65000, Paynent for the land and building. ;8, etc, , vr^s to 
be through n bond lssu«. When the special meeting took 
place the resolutions were ell carried by safe majorities. 

The transpoirt.atlon of children from Port Reading was 
again taken up, and Mr, Juan, the local liveryman, vras given 
a contract to do the wojrit at a cost of .^0.00 per month, 
whioli was to include the transportation of the teachers also, 

John Miele of Iselln v,'bb employed to transp-ox't pupils 
from Heir I>over to Oak Tree school Rarltan Township, at ol5,00 
per month. The Boai?d w^s now thoroughly ooramltted to the 
transportation idea. 

President William Edgar appointed H. A. Tappen, H. R. 
Valentine, and J. C. Fowler, as Building Committee for the 
projected new high school, and the Finance Committee was di- 
rected to att,end to proouring bids on the bond issue. 



^04 



On Janujary 17, 1910 bids on the bonds for the nsw high 
Bchool were opened and Kowsa:*a V. Stokes of Naw York secured 
the Issue of #70,000 at 100,83, subject to the usual legal 
procedure ♦ 

John Noble Pier son and Son, of Perth Aaboy, 7;0ra ap- 
pointed architects. Plans for the new structure were pre- 
sented at the February 21 aeetins and ^er*e adopted, sub- 
ject to approval by the State Board, Later in the year, the 
plans v/ei'e considerably modified in order to bring the builcfc- 
ing within the appropriations. 

Hish school tuition for outside students vras raised to 
$75.00. 

On April 18, the following motion was passod: 

*?5oved and ca^'ried the following invitation be 
tendered Govei'iior Fort of Naw Jersey: 

To His Exoellsnoy, John Franklin Port 
Governor of New Jersey 

Deer Sir: 

We, the Board of l2duc?-.tion of Woo4- 
b2»idge Township, Middlesex County, New 

Jei^sey, in regular session, extend to 
you a unanimous and hearty invitation 
to be our i^uest at the layin^j of the cor- 
ner stone of our i!?70,000 high school at 
a date that icey be Liutually agreeable 
in June, and we sincerely ti'ust txiat you 
may be with us. 

Over 1000 children are ai:?oady ea,ger 
to meet our Governor with flowers and 
songs. " 



^6^4r 







205 



Seventy tliousotnd dollars was considered a large sum 
of money at that time to pay for a school, Irat today ^e 
are astonished at the value the Board received for its 
money. Oommlttees Interested in school buildings came froa 
Dany parts cf the State to Inspect and admire. 

The lot on which the school wss erected vras the old 
Woodbridse bsll field, the scene of many a tough strogsle 
between Perth Asboy baeeball tearas end Woodbridge, even in- 
cluding: the baseball fans. Uaxi^ old timers of the two places 
will remember the famous "Karions" of Perth Amboy, and the 
"Brown Boys," — Dave, '7111, Oharlic, ?.n,d Arthur, who plf;,yed 
on the Woodbrldge Athletic Club te?iEi. Ilae cheers, the 
groans, the fights, the argunente! How well we remember them 
and the effort? of "Paddy* Jyfurphy of blessed memory, and 
"Paddy" Cullinane not to atop thera until it was ooispulaory 
to do so (which they could always do in double-quick order.) 

0» Me^ 16, 1910: 

"Mr. W. H. Demajreat presented a letter from 
his brother, Jtr, Sraest DericTest of Tacoma, 
Washington, offering to ship the DorjT'd, free 
of cost, a flag pole 150» in length, with a 
toxaiast 50» in lenstii for the 2iew high school. 
The offer 7/?.s c'ccepted and Mr. Denarest wae 
given a vote of thanks." 

The bids for the new school vrere opened at the meeting 
of May 23. Ira R, Orouee of Perth Araboy ?ras av;arded the sev- 
eral contract, exclusive of heating, and John L. Reed of New- 



S06 



ark, the heat lag contract. 

Further 'bullcllns w-s undert^en in September, the re- 
pair ooianlttee recoanending an extension to School No. 6 
(Iselln) and a nc-7 front entrance to Ko. 1 sohcol. .'\rchl-. 
tect Pier son was Instructed to prepare plans for these Im- 
provenents, the reconmendatlons being adopted. 

The extension at the Iselln School consisted of one ad- 
ditional class room, Mr. J, M. McElroy securing the contract 
on his bid of $1512. 

On July 18, the recornmendatlon of the building oonmilttee 
for th» installation of telephones at Forda, Keaabey, and 
Port Reading schools waa adopted unanimously. 

The subject of transportation again oaae to the fore, 
requests for it being received from Iselln and Port Reading 
at the Board Eceting on September 6. The New High School 
Committee also reported at this tirae that CJovenior J, Pi'-rink- 
lln Fort had eet October G ^" the date when it would be con- 
venient for him to attend the laying of the corner stone. 

A short time Icter, it was agreed to provide transporta- 
tion for hl^ school and eighth grade pupil e frora Iselln. 

On Hovenber 21, a coaraunication was received from Mr, Er- 
nest Declare st of Tacoisa, Washington, Informing the Board that: 

*the Giant flag pole i^'ould probably reach 
New York in December. * 



207 



The enrollment at No. X had Inoreased to sueh an ex- 
tent that the Hungarian Magyar church adjacent to the school 
had been secured for use as a school room but the heating 
was so inadequate that, in December, part-time in the main 
building was instituted for two grades, and the use of the 
ohuroh discontinued. 

In 1911 the building of the new high school prooeedp- 
•d under the supervision of the Building Committee. The fol- 
lowing list of fumitiAre is given as supplied bj Albear^ 
Leon of Perth Ambajr, New Jersey, together with the contract 
figures: 

"125 Pupils Desks and Chairs #t 4.se 

8 Teachers " " * ©14.00 

9 « •« © 4.50 
20 Tablet Arm Chairs €/ 4.75 
20 Commercial Desks © 7.50 

48 " Chairs © 70.00 per doz. 
1 Principal** Desk © 40.00 

Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Company supplied 300 
assembly settees, lifting seats, slat-backs @ ,87 each." 

On April 17, on recommendation of the Janitoi»*^8 Committee 
Mr, B. A. Dunigan was appointed Janitor of the new high 
school at a salary of $100 per uonth. It was moved and car- 
ried that the Locust (Jrove (No. 6) School be closed. Thus 
passed mother old-time school from the educational systea. 

The Teachers* Committee recommended the appointment of 
male principals for schools Nos. 1 and 7. 



I 



On July 17, a motion ws.s carried that the Chemical 
and Physical Laboratory for the new building be outfitted 
at a coat of |476.75. 

The appointment of a physical instructor wse made 
at this meetiiig; l!r, P. C, Hyder wes chosen s^t a salary of 
#850. 

The Locust Grove School having been closed, arrange- 
ments were directed to be made for the transportation of 
the pupils from that section to the most convenient school. 
Rahway school was selected by the comaittee appointed for 
the purpose. 

At a subsequent meeting this month, ^Ir. Gilbert John- 
son was given the contract for the erection of the new flag 
pole at the high school for the bud of |295. The giant pole, 
whioh, for tr?.ns]>ortatlon puri^oses had oeen cut Into two 
pieces, ha J been sent by sea around Cape Horn and had arrived 
safely In Hew Yori Harbor from -sdience it was brought by a ?ort 
Reading tug boat to Port Reading free of charge tiirough the 
oourteay of Mr. Barrett, then the superintendent at Port Read- 
ing docks, and lastly by a te.am of horses from the dock to the 
high school, 

Mr, Johnson set the pole in a concrete foundation about 
ten feet deep and six feet wide, putting the topaast in 
place and reeving the halyards tiirough the block at the top 



209 



ready for haulliig up the new flag that had been presented 
for the pxirpose by Barrett, The "pull" of the flag In 
stomy winds caused the topmast to bend like a whlp-lash, 
andf fearing an accident, the piece wae taken down some* 
tine later. The main part of the pole was trismed into 
shape and stands as the flag pole today. The topnoast Is 
now used as a flag pole for school No. 10, Hopelawn. 

A Dagnifient new flag had been presented to the High 
School by Superintendent^ Barrett , of the P. R. R. and was 
formally raised on the great flag pole, Saturday, September 
23, 1911, at 3 p. m. with appropriate exercises. 

At the August meetlzig of the Board, the Building Com-> 
mlttee was directed to make arrangements for the opening 
of the new high school on SepteB3>er 11. 

The first staff of teachers to occupy the new build- 
ing consisted of: 

"Mr. John H. Love Principal and Super- 
vising Prinolpal 
Miss Edith Whitney Vice- principal 

Teachers— HipOa 
Xsa&o C^llhuly Viola Dunham 

Edith Brander Ruth Braley— Music 

Teaohers— Grade 
Helen Holmes Anna Shoemaker 

Hellle Hamil Anna Keegan 

Frank C. Ryder Sdlth Scott 

Leona Van Riper Edith Hinsdale— Art 

Another era in the history of the Woodbrldge schools 

had opened! 



^t^^A 







V 













l^i/.Y^. S ^^S^se^^^dff Aoo J^f 



/ ^ // -/2. 



210 



CHAPTER XII 
Suomary 
OEMTRALIZATION BEGINS 

The office of the Supei*vlslng Principal of Schoole 
waa ereated in 1900 and John H. Love was appointed to 
the position. 

Voters authorize a new sohool at Carteret to cost 
112,500. 

The "Copenha^n" System waa Introduced at Carteret, 
Port Reading school was opened in 1900, 

Improvement in sanitation was made at School No. 1. 
County Superintendent's Uniform Course of Study was en- 
dorsed by the Board. 

The New Dover sohool was closed January 1902. The 
sohool appropriations for 190S-1905 totel $20,000. 

Carteret residents protest the reduction of the 
prinoii>al»8 salary. 

Mr. Victor Main, President of the Board resls};s In 
1903. 

The taxpayers authorize an addition to Sohool No, 1 
to cost $13,000, 

Hr. William Edgar succeeds Hr. Main. Ur. Clarence 
Llddle elected custodian of school funds June 1S!Q|U 



211 



Supervlfling Principal John H. Love reoomiaends 
%h» last Friday afternoon for teacherB* meetings. 

Mr, Howard Tappen and Mr. W. Ames succeed Hir, E. 
Osborn and llr, H. V. Piatt who accept nembershlp on 
the school board of the new Boro of Roosevelt, 

Medical inepectlon was Introduced In 1908. Mr, 

a 

yS, W. Boynton, an old school board mendaer dies. 

First telephones Installed in the schools 1909. 
Hanual training Introduced in 1909, First attempt 
to regulate teachers' salaries In 1909. 

The Board authorized to erect an addition to 
the Fords No, 7, cost not to exceed #14,000, 

The first reeojrdsd purchase of trolley tickets 
for transportation of pupils was June 29, 1909, 

The Board appoints first truant officer in 1909. 
Pj?eamble and resolutions offered by BIr. Tappen for the 
erection of a new high school October 19, 1909, 

Governor Franklin Fort of New Jersey invited to 
be present at the laying of the corner stcme April 18, 
1910, Giant flag pole offered to the Board by Mr, E, 
Deaarest of Tacoma, Washington. 

Mr. Ira Grouse of Perth Araboy awarded the general 
contract for the new hi(ih school May 23, 1910. 



^// /i 




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tz.S'Sf'-'^ e^^*^»-. G»"^e»» S-^T-ce^^ 



r r ^fV 



Ce-f^e T-rro-rr/^ci / -3r-e<a./«r^-rT^ of ^t"^ 



A<s. 



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'A. 



^.W*H 



;:?». 



212 



Qovemor Pranldln Fort layi the comer stone 
of the neur high school October 6, 1910, 

liooust Grove School No. 5 eloaed. 

Freaentatlon of flag by Mr. Barrett, Superinten- 
dent of ?, R. R. Port Reading; raised Septenber 33, 1911. 

The new high school ox>ened Septeober 11, 1911 with 
Mr. John H. Love as principal. 



!^ 



OHAPTER XIII 

SCHOOL BUILDim 
(Continued) 



In January 1912, the Ooxinty School Board Association 
met In the new high school gjminaslum, the members being 
given an opportunity to inspect the school. 

On February 19, demands for additional school 
acoommodetlons were being received by the Board who de- 
cided to submit the following propositions to the tax- 
payers at the Anrmal March meeting! 

"(1) An addition to Port Reading school of four 
rooms at a cost of $15000 and 
(2) The tsurchase of a plot of ground and the 
erection of a four-room school at Avenel 
at a cost of |16000, " 

On February 26, a number of plots had been offered 
to the school Trustee e by different individuals, all of 
which were carefully considered, resulting in a motion 
being carried to accept the proposition of Mr, J. B. 
Edgar of Lots 19-20 etc. to 25 Inclusive on Cedar Street, 
about 700* West of Avenel Station for ^500 and to donate 
adjoining lots of Avenel Street, numbers 1-6 inclusive. 

On March 19, the annual meeting of the voters of 
the township school district was held according to law 
and the resolutions of the Board regarding additional 
school accommodations, together with the appropriations, 
went through. 



213 



314 



It seems that the Roosevelt Board of Education 
must have objected to the Increased tuition charge for 
the pupils from their Borough attending the Woodhrldge 
High School for County Superintendent H. Brewster 
Willis notified the Woodbrldge Board that State Super- 
intendent Calvin Kendall had flxad the tuition charge 
at $40 for the RooBsevelt children attending high school, 
and $20 for those attending the graiaraar grades. 

The Board of Education was also authorized to re- 
model No. 9 school house at Port Reading to ooBfoin& to 
the State hulldlng laws at a cost not to exceed four 
thousand dollars ($4000). 

Soma discussion having taken place among the seniors 
of the high school regarding the suhstltutlon of a trip 
to Washington, D. C. for the usual oommenoemsnt exercises, 
a request to the Board to have this done at the expense 
of the Board was gently but f Irnily refused. 

Up to the 19th of May, the Supexnrlsing Principal 
had been acting as principal of the Barron Avenue School 
too, but the increase In the hlg^ school enrollment and 
the laany demands made on his time by the rapid develop- 
ment of the other schools of the township, necessitated 
the severance of the two offices. A motion was now 
passed that the Teachers* Ooiamittee should secure a 



216 



separate principal for the Barroa Avenue building, 
Mr, Arthur 0» Sides, Ph. D. was later recommended and 
appointed to the position at a salary of ^1400 per 
annuo* 

The oonetructlon of the new sehool at Avenel had 
gone OB apace. The "Fire House* school and the Six 
Roads School had been closed, the pupils being directed 
to report at the new bulldinig Ro. 4 in September. All 
Children below the seventh grade living beyond Lock- 
wood's Crossing, «id who had been attending Woodbridge, 
were assigned to the Avenel School. 

The township schools Buffered a severe loss this 
year in the death of Mr. Willian Edgar, President of 
the Board of Education, which occurred Deoeniber 14. 
He had heen absent from the meetings of the Board 
since October 80, his chair being filled by Vice-Pres- 
ident Howard A. Tappen. 

By order of the Board, the township schools were 
closed at 10 A.M. on the day of the funeral. 

A petition for local school acconmodations was 
now presented by the Kllendale Terrace <Hopelawa) 
parents and a oonaittee was appointed to investigate 
the needs of that section. In November, an offer to 
build a school house for the Board to lease at Hope- 
lawn was received tTom interested contractors and 



sie 



power to act in the matter was given the oommlttee. 

The rules and regulations oomialttee had been oon- 

slderlng a new salary schedule for some time and now 

reported as follows: 

"A minlmuni annual salary for Primary, 
Gr.?.ran?jr and Special Teachers of |500 and 
a niaxiiKia for the same grades of $900; 
also a minimum for High School Teachers 
of #700 and a maximua of ^1500. Principals 
to be rated as High School Teachers. Pro- 
motions of all teachers to be based on 
efficiency. * 

The re]X)rt was adopted unanlaously. 

In 1913, the Ellendale Terrace Coaialttee seems 

to have leased a buildixig in Hopelawn to be used as a 

sohoolf for the Board minutes under date January 20, 

19XS read as follows) 

"Moved sJoSL carried that Mrs, Matthews be 
engaged as Janitor of the new Ellen4.9le 
Sehool at Ellendale Terrace at ^10.00 
per month from the date of school opening. ^ 

Mrs. Evon Anness was appointed principal at 1^650 
per annum and Miss Rose Galaida assistant at |500. 
A third-room was added in 1913 and Miss Witherow 
appointed as teacher. 

On February 17, an interesting ooiifflttmioation had 
been received by the Woodbrldge Board in the form of 
a resolution from the Board of Education of Pleaaant- 
ville, New Jersey, and in the light of present agitation 
regarding the Teachers' Tenure of Office Act is worth 



217 



quoting: 

"RssoLimojr. 

Vhsrsas, It is the uxianlaous opinion of 

the members of the Pleaeantvllle Bosjc^d 
of Eduoation that the Tenure of Office 
Aots applying to the employee a of the 
Board of Education through-out tliia State 
are a aenace to the proiSress of our 
8©hoola| therefore be it 

"Resolved, That said Board of Education 
does hereby express Its unqualified op- 
position to the Acts In their present 
form and does and will support any bill 
tending to abolish or ariiend same acts in 
such manner as to afford relief from their 
oppression; that the teachers* conunittee 
be nade a comralttee, wlt^ power to aot, 
to cooperate ^srith legislators and any other 
persons or bodies to further the passa^je 
of any euoh bill that may be introduced 
in the Legislature; that tills Board of 
Pleasant vllle approv es and hereby accepts 
as official the aots of its indiviaual 
BMBibers along these lines*" 

*The above i*esolution was passed at the 
regular cieeting of the Pleasantville Board 
of Education held the fourth day of Feb- 
ruary 1913. Sight members were pr««ent 
and eight voting in the affirmative. 
Por the benefit of our school system lend 
as your aid. 

CJhas. Chattel 

H. '7. MoOorjiell Teachei-s* 

T. H, Smith Coiniaittee« 

As set forth in the resolutions adopted at a 

special meeting of the Board, December 22, 1913, 

on the death of Mr, William Sdgar, the cause of 

education in Woodbridge To^«nship had suffered a severe 

loss. The Board had lost one of its v/isest counsellors 



S18 



azid ablest members, and the schools had lost a true 
frl end—one lirtio 7/as always wlllins to give hia tine 
and thought for the upllXting and advanoement of 
ecbicatlcnal ideals In the cocnaunity. 

Kr. Sdgaj? had a kindliness of heart and a varB 
sympathy that had won the respect and love of the 
teachers as well as the pupils. He was one of the 
■old school* of Trustees with definite, personal 
ideas regarding riis obligations as a citizen to serve 
his comaunity to the best of his ability, which he 
did In the field of work that he came to love so nuoh. 
As one of the group of men responsible for the 
erection of the Barron Avenue High Sohool, his name 
stands with theirs on the conneiaorative bronze plaque 
on the walls of that building. 

The enrollment in the lower tP^ades at School No. 1 
necessitated the transference of the si3:th grade from 
that school to the high school building whioh now 
housed pupils from the sixth to the t^'/relfth grades 
inclusive. 

Mr. Hampton Cutter was unanlnously elected to fill 
the vacancy for the unexpected tern of the late 
Mr, Willlaia Edgar at this, the last meeting of the 
Board for the year 1913. 



219 



On March 17, 1914, the annual meeting of the 

legal voters of the sGhool district was held In the 

Masonic Hall at 3 o*olook to elect four members to 

the Board and to api^rove appropriations. As a result 

of the balloting Mr, Charles A. Campbell, l!r. Maurice 

P, Dunlgan, and Mr. Charles Alexander were elected 

for three years and Mr. Fraiik 0* Boyle for one year, 

fhe followlns appropriations were approved: 

"Building & Hep»g Sch. Houses $5000 

Current Expenses 54000 

Manual Training 1000 

Vocational Classes , 600 

Total #60500 » 

At the organization of the Board April 6, l'ir» H. 
A. Tappen was unanimously elected President and Mr. 
Melvin Clum, Vice-President for the ensuing yesx. 

On April 27, Ml as Hazel Drake was appointed 
office assistant to the Supervising Principal for the 
ensuing year at a salary of |500. Miss Kittle 
Randolph had previously been part time office assistant but 
was now regularly appointed as full-time klndergf rten 
assistant. 

The Hopelawn building, leased as a school t^ the 
Board, had proved unfitted for the purpose, because 
It was extremely difficult to heat. The enrollment 
also had increased to such an extent that a Committee 
of the Board consisting of Mr. Melvin Clum and 



J20 



Mr. Charles Alexander was appointed to obtain options 
on property at Hopelswn suitable for a school site. 
At a meeting of the Board Majr 4, the oommlttee reported 
that Mr. Samuel W, Schwartz had offered a plot of land 
200 ft. X 200 ft. described on iSap of Florida CS-rove 
Development. 

The rapoi-'t, being accepted, it raa decided to 
Ofiill a meeting of the voters of the School District 
for the 26th of 'J&v for the purpose of authorizing the 
Board to purchase the lot and proceed vritii the erection 
of a school building. The cost of the lot was not to 
exceed 01800 and the cost of the sohoolhouse, furniture 
and equipment was not to exceed the sum of $20,200. 
Th0 money was to be raised by bond isau®. 

On motion of Mr. W. K. Deaareet, seconded by 

Mr. Alexander, it w:'s also voted to present to the 

voters at the saae meeting the following propositions s 

"To erect a four-rooE brick addition to the 
Fords Ho. 7 School and to purohase the 

necessary fiu'-niture and equipment the total 
cost not to exceed |20,006. Tlie aoncy to 
be raised by a bond issue." 

When the meeting v/as held, a total of 41 votes 

was oast, all of the resolutions offered being carried 

aliaoat unanimously. It is interesting to note how 

few voter 8 turned out sX so uany of these meetings 

to vote on such large amoxmts of monay. 



221 



Either they were ftpathetlo and felt no particular re- 
sponsibility, because in a vague v/ay payment seemed bo 
far off according to their notions of a bond Issue, or 
pertiaps, the school enrollment wae increasing so fast 
all over the township that tlie voters in one section 
might need the voters of the other sections to put over 
a building jaropoaltlon for them at some futur::^ date, 
wliloh usually resulted in no opposition or a sniall vote 
being polled, ^^hatever It was, the results v/ere sat- 
lafaotory. 

On June 15, Mr. Ensign, although not now a regular 
member of the Board, was elected unantnously to be 
District Clerk for the coming year. 

Although the old Locust Orove school ha.d been 
abandoned as a ptibllc school for some time, the people 
of the vicinity had continued to use the buildirs as 
a Sunday school. Mr. John H. Williams, ae their 
representative, offered to expend $S00 In repairing 
the structure, on condition that If the Board of Ed- 
ucation took possession of It again at the end of one 
year they would pay #200, if at the end of two years, 
|1CX)J but if at the end of three years or thereafter 
free of any obligation. Mr. T^illiaras* offer rr^s ac- 
cepted unanimously. 

The Supervising Principal of Schools had been 



228 



appointed as "Supervisor of Exemption Certificates" 
at tills tine, £Xii b?.s served in that capacity ever 
since. 

A short time previously, a new eours© of study 
for the Hi(ih School had l)een prepared and ha.d received 
the approval of the State Departnent of Sducation. On 
motion it ■;..: t now approved by the Board of Education. 

The faculty of tiie High School Department at this 
time consisted of— 

"Arthur C. Sides, Hi. D., Principal 

Latin, French, Matheraatios 
Edith A. T?iaitney 

Lp.tln, Qermszi. 
Isaac H. Gilhuly, A. K. 

Science, Mathematics 
Viola S. Duni-ain 

Commercial Subjects 
Edith E. Brander, B. A. 

English 
Walden H. IvIcNair, 3. 3. 

Hl»to|7 
Viva M. Playfoot 

Household Arts 
John M. Dookstwder 

Manual Training, Mechanical Drawing 
Edith ITinsdale 

I^awing, and Desigiiing 
John H. Love, Supervising Principal of Schools* 

On AttSust 20, bids were opened at the meeting for 

the Fords addition and Mr. John C. Powler was awarded 

the contract. The contract for the Hopelawn School 

was awarded to Fred Ghristeneen Oontruotion Ooiapany 

at the following nieetins. 



223 



The Household Artt department of the High School 
h&d oreated so muoh interest in the town that & request 
to the Board for the orgs .nization of an evening class 
In Oooking, for the benefit of the older girls of 
the town not members of the high school was granted 
unanimously and Kiss Viva Playfoot was placed in charge 
at $3.00 per night. 

Another action of the Board at the meeting, October 
19 was the appointment of Miss Mary Pee, a graduate of 
the looal high school as a helper to Mrs. E. Annees 
at the Hopelawn school at a salary of ^2.00 per day. 
Miss Fee, now Mrs. J#lin Duff, is the present principal 
of the new Hopelawn Sohool No. 10 having charge of 
thirteen teachers and an enrollment of 506 pupils, 

7h8 Public Sez*vice Railway Company had been 
eharging ten cents for a one-way trip on the new 
"Past Line" road between Port Reading and Sewaren 
and the Board through its attorney Mr. A. Auten had 
attempted to have the rate decreased but without avail. 
Mr. Auten was now directed to take up the matter with 
the Public Utilities Commission, which he did later, 
but again was not successful. The cost of transportation 
of children from Port Reading to Woodbridge Sohool by 
way of Sewaren was thus muoh increased. 



224 



Mr, Oharles Alexander, a member of the School 
Boajxl, isrho had been 111 for some time died December 4 
and the Board laeued an order for all the flags of 
the Township Schools to be placed half-mast on the 
day of his funeral. Resolutions of regret were 
adopted and an engrossed copy sent to the widow. 

Although Mr. Alexander had served on the Board 
only a few years, he had proved himself an active and 
efficient worker, one whose sole Interest as a Board 
member m&s the welfare of the township schools. 

The death of Mr, Alexander created a vacancy in 
the Board personnel that was filled by the election 
December 21 of Mr. E. C. Snsign, who, although the 
District Clei^, had not been an actual member of the 
Board since its organization the previous April 6, 
having been defeated at the annual election In March. 

Recognizing the difficulties experienced by 
teachers in reaching the Hopelawn School through 
its inaccessibility from the neai^est trolley point, 
the Board arranged for their transportation from a 
rendezvous in Perth Amboy at an expense of #6.00 per 
week, to continue until April 1. 

In February 1915, Mrs, Evon Anness resigned as 
principal of the Hopelawn School and Miss Rose (Jalalda 



225 



waa appointed to the vacancy. In the meantime, the 
exaction of the new Hopelawn "building was prooeedinn 
rapidly, the oommlttee being given power to secure the 
neoe 38607" furnishings and to have a well dug. 

The annual meeting of the legal voters of the 
Township was held March 16 in the Masonic Hall, lot/er 
Green Street when Messrs. H. R. Valentine, W. H. 
Demarest, and E. C, Ensign were elected for three-year 
tenas and Andrew Olesen for a two-year term— unexpired 
tern of the late Mr. William Sdgar. 

The following appropriations were carried: 

i*Building & Rep. Soh. Houses $ 6000 

Current Expenses 53000 

Manual Trg. and D. Sol once 1500 

Tocational Glasses. 500 

Total .^61000 •• 

On July 19, Mr. M. J. HcOnbe was appointed Janitor 
of the new Hopelawn School at a salary of $56 a month. 

Action was taken in September regaj^ding night 
Vocational Schools by the appointment of Mr. John M. 
Dockstader as teacher of Mechanical Drawing at |3.00 
per night. Miss Viva Playfoot teacher of cooking at 
#3.00 and Miss Alice Sandahl teacher of dressmaking 
at 03.00 per night, the school to be open Monday, 
Tuesday, and Thursday evenings of each week, commencing 
October 4. 



i 



226 



The sewing and the cooking olassee seemed to be 
well liked, but there was little demand for the mechanical 
drawing olassea which were discontinued December 21. 

The high school tuition fee having been raised froii 
#35 to $75 had been pxHJtested by the Roosevelt Board of 
Education and no payment had been made by them for the 
high school pupils attendiixg Woodbridge from their school 
district until October 18 of this year, when President 
Tappen and Clerk Ensign reported that they had effected 
a settlement on the basis of $50 per capita. 

At the close of the school year 1©10-1911 the 
Roosevelt Board had transf li.ved their high school pupils 
to the Rahway High School. 

On February 4, 1916, the Iselin School was destroyed 
by fire which was supposed to have started from an over- 
heated fux'naoe In the basement although this could not 
be substantiated. It seems that while the children were 
outside during the afternoon recess, several of thes 
noticed smoke durling up from the basement, around the 
outside of the building and rv.shed in to tell the teacher 
who was seated at her desk. As quickly as possible, 
the few pupils remaining in the school left the structure, 
and only Just in time, for the fire soon caused the floors 
to fall into the cellar and in a very few moments the 



227 



destruction was oomplete* Helpful nelgjibors and other 
friends saved the piano and some of the larger pieces of 
equipment. 

Without the losB of a single day of school, 
classes were coninenced in the old churoh buildins on 
the adjacent lot and continued to be held there until 
the new school, later erected on the J^undations of the 
old, was ready for oooupaney. 

On the 21st of the month th© Board of Education 

decided that at the next annual meeting of the district 

Toters to be held Max^sh 21, at Masonic Hall, resolutions 

be presented for the election of a new f our-rooia brick 

school at Iselin, to replace the one destroyed by fire, 

the cost of the building, furniture and equipment not 

to exceed :^18000. The vote on the resolutions when 

presented to the Board at the meeting was 88 for and 

1 against. The total appropriations for the year were 

carried plso— 

"Building & Rep. Sch. Houses $ 4000 

Current Expenses 59000 

Manual Training 2000 

Vocational Classes 500 

Total 565500 •• 

Th« war-lUce spirit abroad and the possibility 
of its spreading to the United States had created a 
feeling that the country should be prepared for th« 
worst. With this in view, Voluntary MUltsjy Training 



18S 



was introduced in the high school on action of the 
Board March 20. 

Although the date for opening schools had been 
fixed for September 5, the preralence of Infantile 
Paralysis caused the Board to change the time of 
opening to October 1, the idea being that cooler weather 
would cause «a, ieoreaee in the virulence of the dread 
disease. 

Interest in the World War and the w r sufferers 
led the Board to grant peraission to the Supervising 
Principal to collect noney from the school children for 
relief purposes. 

On December 18, the terrhi^rs of the tovmship pre- 
sented a petition to the Bosrd requesting an increase 
of salary on account of the high cost of living. The 
request was referred to the Teachers* Coonittee to 
decide, subject to the approval of the Board at the 
next regular meeting. 

on February 19, 1917, the last chapter in the his- 
tory of the old Six Roads No. 4 School was closed by 
the action of the Board authorizing its sale to John 
Melie of Iselin for the suia of $75. The new building 
near the Pennsylvania R. R. Station, with its later 
addition now known as Avenel No. 4, replaced the vener- 



229 



able structure and its assistant the "Fire House" School, 
Let us hope that the modern edifice will serve the 
children as long and faithfully as old Washington No, 4, 

On March 20, the annual school election was held 
in Maaonio Hall, Woodbridge, seventy-eight votes being 
oaet for the total appropriations of $71,000, excepting 
the Vocational Glaesea which received one negative vote. 

The "War Fever" was nenring Its height at this tiae, 
aoTlng the Board to order that the "Star Spangled 
Banner" be sung toy the township scholars every day until 
further notice and to be sung in the open when practicable. 

The high school students under the Supernrising 
Principal and instructors McKair and Meredith had se- 
cured a nunber of Krag rifles v.ith oontributlone fron 
interested citizens, and had been drilling volunteer 
students as a part of the physical training exercises. 
Certificates of proficiency in the Manual of Ariss were 
av?arded to students eai»ning them under set rules, and 
©oiiffiilssions, as Second Lieutenant etc, were granted 
to those aeeting the required standards. Great enthus- 
iasm was manifested in this work. 

A Heme Defense unit of citizens was organized in 
April and given the use of the High School gymnasium 
for drill purposes. A Red Cross Organization was 
formed also and assigned headquarters in the school 



230 



building. 

A notion was passed at the regular Board Meeting 
April 17 that pupils of the graduating classes receive 
their diplomas If they enlisted and were called for Army 
or Navy duty before graduation. 

The following month, the Parent Teacher Association 
of the high school requested permission to organize a 
lunchroom In the high school which was granted, the 
Board agreeing to fxuTilsh the gas for that purpose. 

"War hardens* had recently been proposed and the 
sum of #1CK) was appropriated to purchase garden Imple- 
ments and seeds. 

School acoommodatione were again In demand and a 
committee previously appointed was directed to report 
on the price of a plot at the rear of Number 1 School. 

Two of the high school teachers had neglected to 
attend the Baccalaureate Sermon to the graduating class, 
probably for good end sufficient reasons, so the District 
Clerk was directed to write a letter of censure to them 
which no doubt was meant as solemn wai-ning to other 
members of the staff not to neglect what they should 
consider to be an official duty. 

Gonsex^vatlon of food was the watchword at this 
time and an excellent lecture In the High School by a 
State representative brought forth the following motion 



231 



at the June meeting of the Board: 

"Moved and carried, the lady who spoke on 
canning In the high school be requested to 
give another talk. * 

The physical Imperfections found In so many army 
recruits were probably the prime cause for the Physical 
Training Act passed by the legislature this year making 
physical training compulsory In the public schools of 
the state. SSanuals were rapidly prepared by the State 
Department of Education and issued to the different 
school districts. 

A change was made in the length of the school day 
by the local Board In order to meet the new Stat© re- 
quirements of thirty minutes a day for a new subject. 

On October 15, a note was made concerning trans- 
portation for the Supervising Principal of schools. 

From bicycle to buggy for school visitation had 

been the first stage; and now from buggy to automobile 

was the next step aa per action of the Board in a motion 

that 

"Auto transportation be furnished 
Supervising Principal, John H. Love 
when needed in his visits to schools." 



2Z2 



CHAPTER XIII 

SUMMARY 

County School Board Association met In the new high 
school. 

Demands for additional school accommodations from 
Port Reading and Ave.nel were received, 

Br, Arthur 0, Sides, Ph. D. was made principal of the 
high school. 

Six Roads school and Fire Rouse school were closed 
and Avenel No. 4 opened. 

Death of l^. William Edgar, President of Board of Ed- 
ucation occurred. 

Ellendale (Hopelawn) petitions for school accommoda- 
tions. 

A new salary schedule was offered and adopted by the 
Board. 

J^rs. Evon Anness was appointed principal of Hopelawn 
school. 

The Boaxd adopts resolutions disapproving of Tenure of 
Office Act. 

Mr. Hampton Cutter was elected to vacancy caused by 
death of Mr, William Edgar, 

Mr, H, A. Tappen elected president of Board of Educa- 
tion and Mr, Melvin H, Clun, vice-president. 



233 



M«etlns of voters called for May 25 to authorize the 
Board to parchs.se land and erect o, nevi school at Hopelawn 
and also to erect a four-rooai addition to Fords No. 7, 

Supervising Principal appointed Supervisor of Sxenrp- 
tion Certificates. 

New course of study approved by State Department now 
approved by the Board. 

Evening classes in cooking organized. 

Public Service Railway Cocipany refuses to reduce trol- 
ley fare between Port Heading and Sewaj*en for school child- 
ren. 

Mr. Charles Alexander, member of Board of Education 
died December 4. I^. E. G. Ensign, District Clerk, elected 
to Vacancy. 

Evening vocational school appointments aade, Mr. John 
Docdcstader, mechanical drawing; I4iss Viva Playfoot, cooking; 
Miss Alice Sandhal, dressmaking. 

Iselin School destroyed by fire on February 4, 1916. 
New four-room brick school voted for Iselin, Iferdh 21. Vol- 
untary lailtary Training ooramenoed in high school. 

December 18 the tovnishlp teachers petition for salary 
increase. 

Old W?.shin6ton School No. 4 (Six Roads) sold for ;i:75. 
War spirit prevalent throughout the schools. 



334 



Home Defense imit and Red Cross organization given 
headquarters In high school. 

Kotlon passed April 17 allowing diplooas of gradua- 
tion to senior boys who enlisted and were called prior to 
graduation date. 

OoEuaittee authorized to report on price of land at 
rear of School No. 1. 

Physical training throughout schools made mandatory 
by leglslatlTe enaotnent. 

Supervising principal of schools provided with auto 
transportation. 



CHAPTER XIV 
WAR-TIME DOINGS AND EVENTS 

The township sohoolg, as elsewhere In the State, 
were oalled upon to oooperate In the great oriels of 
the World War. 

The entry of the United States into the oonfllot 
had been foreseen and the rising spirit of patriotism 
had led the citizens In many places to put Into action 
plans for being In readiness. In connection with this, 
public spirited individuals in Woodbrldge donated 
enough money with which to purch8.se a number of rifles, 
and a volunteer gi»oup of high school boys enrolled for 
military drill as a part of the physical education 
work which, under the new law, went into effect on 
September of this year. 

Two groups of boys were formed, and at stated 
intervals each group was taken to a rifle range on the 
property of Mr. W. H. Cutter and instructed in the osj?e 
and use of the rifle. Many of the boys qualified as 
marksaen under the same rules used in the ollitary 
training at Sea Girt. 

A system of military certificates was devised which 
developed great interest among the students. 



235 



236 



"The Dial", published by the high school students 

has the following notice under date April 27, 1917 t 

"In June there will be held an exaninatlon 
open to seniors who desire to qualify for 
military certificates. At the same time 
all boys trying for the military Cup for 
Best Drilled Cadet will be examined, "••-l 

"In a recent report received at the office 
It was stated that In the following high 
sohoolSf military Instruction was given: 
Englewood, Trenton, Hoboken, Red Bank and 
Woodbrldge. From the viewpoint of percent- 
ages Woodbrldge led the list with nearly 
one hundred per cent volunteers. "—2 

Registration Day, June 5, 1917, was a legal holiday 
by proclamation of the Governor of New Jersey, but the 
teachers and pupils met In their respective schools at 
the usual hour In the morning and held patriotic ex- 
ercises which were followed by p€u:*ades. 

The following extract Is taken from the Issue 

of "The Dial" for June 20, 1917: 

"Barron Avenue School and School No. 7 
xinlted In a grand demonstration. Headed 
by volunteers from the Citizens Fife and 
Drum Corps preceded by Supervising Princ- 
ipal John H. Love and Mr. B. A. Dunlgan In 
his fire chief uniform, the children 
above the third grade and including the 
high school students started from the high 
flohool at 10 A.M. and covered the follow- 
ing line of march Included in the 

parade were the high school cadets 
officered by Lieutenant H, M. 3?rentls8 
and Second Lieutenant Victor N. Love, who 
gave a splendid exhibition of marching 
and drill work. The Red Cross girls 



1 The Dial, April 27, 1917 

2 Ibid 



237 



carrying their stretcher were niuoh admired. 
Following the Red Cross contingent were 
the members of the cooking class In cape and 
aprons typifying preparedness. Then came 
the teachers and the various grades. At 
the conclusion of the parade, tiie children 
gathered on the eteos of the high school and 
eang the 'Star Spangled Banner*, led by 
Hr. Tte. Inslee on the comet. "—1 

Similar parades were held in other sections of the 
township under the leadership of the principals and 
teachers. 

At the suggestion of the Fuel Administrator, the 
schools were closed from December 21, 1917, until Jan* 
uary 23, 1918, because of a coal irtiortage. 

Patriotic activities were very much in evidence 
throughout the school year. Teachers and pupils were 
unsparing in their endeavors to "do their bit* in the 
war by buying Thrift Staiaps and Liberty Bonds j sub- 
scribing to the several "drives* for the Red Gross, 
the X.M.C.A. and the Knights of Columbus; collecting books 
for the soldiers' camps; sewing and knitting for the 
Red Cr^sej making furniture, sorapbooks etc., for the 
rest rooms at the camps and for the hospitals. 

The wor^ in English was correlated with these act- 
ivities, many excellent speeches being prepared and de- 
livered as "Poxxr Minute* speeches in all of the township 
schools, some of which would have done credit to any of 
our well-known *Pour-Minute * men. 



1 The Dial, June 20, 1917, 



238 



The Household Arts Department correlated Its v/ork 
with the Red Grose requirements. Over 2000 garments 
were made by the pupils and rauoh other assistance given 
the regular B«d Cross workers. Sweaters, helmets fijid 
socks were turned out in large quantities. 

The Art department of the schools prepared many 
beautiful scrap books with decorated covers and pre- 
sented thea to the Base Hospital at Oolonia. 

School Qerdens 

To help In the food shortage, several of our public 
spirited citizens gave the use of large tracts of land 
to be used by the students as school gardens. lopleisents 
and seeds were furnished by the Board of Education and 
large quantities of vegetables were raised on the land 
which l8 now entirely covered by homes on High Street and 
vicinity. 

The following statistics taken from the annual report 

of the Supervising Principal of Schools 1917-18 will 

give some Idea of what the township schools did to "Help 

Win the War" I: 

"War Saving Stanps and Thrift Stamps 

purchased by teachers and pupils ^ 6831.90 

Liberty bonds owned by teachers 

and pupils 42350.00 

Oollected by pupils for Hew Jersey 

Library 7/ar Fund. 179. 63 

Subscribed by pupils during Red Cross 

Drive, Jlay 20-27, 1918 241. 65 

Subscribed by pupils to Junior Red 

Cross 272.00 



2S9 



Bale of XmaB Seals. Middlesex County 
Tuberculosis Branch of Red Gross. . , . 49.67 

Total $4d^24.^l> 

During the year the County Superintendent of 

Schools requested a report regarding the children of 

foreign parentage attending the Woodbridge Schools and 

th« results were quite interesting. The report showed 

aBong other nationalities: 

"Hungarians 711 Sanish 189 
Italian 252 German 113 
Slavish 214 Polish 83" 

In addition to these, the leading groups, there 
were Russians, Irish, Swedish, English, Scotch, Norwegians, 
French, Greeks, Hollanders, Roucianians, Canadians, 
Sjrisjis, Swiss, Spanish, Boheiriians, Servians, Finns, 
Hexioans, Filipinos, and Austriane. 

In 1918, the question of additional school acooiamo- 
dations came to the front again and a suggestion that 
the old Woodbridge Athletic Association building be 
secured for use as a school was referred to Mr, Herbert 
K. Morse, Business Manager for the State Department r;ith 
the request that he visit Woodbridge and make an in- 
spection of the building. Instead of Mr, Morse, 
Mr. MoDermott, State Building Inspector was sent to mke 
the inspection, the gist of his report made later being 
unfavorable to the use of the building for school purposes. 



340 



Mr. Frank H. Valentine, one of the prominent 
citizens of the community, sent a coimatmlcstlon to the 
Board reconnendlng that the study of the German language 
In the high school be discontinued. As this course wae 
being followed In many other schools of the Str.te, the 
Board decided to allow the Senior Class to continue the 
study of Gh»rm9Ji for the remainder of the school ysar 
and then It was to be dropped from the ourrloulus. 

Two high school Instructors j Mr, Walden MoNalr 
becoming a Major In the training oariDS, and Mr, Meiredlth 
going to France with the Bucknell Unit becoming a 
Lieutenant, had enlisted In the service. 

A report made to the County Superintendent shows 
that twenty- three high school pupils enlisted for War 
Service, one, Mr, Ira Dunn being killed In action In 
France. 

Notwithstanding so much excitement, regular school 
work was carried on with unusual zeal. The stimulation 
afforded by two hl^ school literary societies, th« 
Olympians and the Adelphlans, which carried on a series 
of debates and individual platform speeches, did much to 
sustain the educational spirit of the pupils. County 
Superintendent H. Brewster Willis, organized a spelling 
contest between Middlesex County and Monmouth County 



241 



which V7?s held In the high school in Perth AnlDoy June 
1, 1917. A prise of $100 was oft'ered to the winning 
team by !&•. Melvln Rice of the State Board of SducatioB, 
fhd Middlesex tean won the contest with a score of only 
three errors to their cpponets 15. 

Da.vld Coddington of the eighth grade, Woodbridse, 
Bade a perfect score and was awarded a ten dollar gold 
piece .?.s his share of the prize money. 

The high school orchestra, the volley ball tourn- 
aiatnt, a track team, cadet corps, basketball and debating 
ftocietiee and the splendid high school paper kept every- 
body busy and happy. 

The aimfl of the school paper as slven by the students 

are here quoted: 

"The development of useful, intellltient, refined, 
healthy citizens, through sound scholarship, 
clean athletics practical debating, dranatloe, 
school polities and sensible social attractions. " 

After the resignation of Mi^ A. G. Sides as prin- 
cipal of the high, school, the Supervlslns Principal asain 
became principal, cari^yins on the duties of both offices 
until J'one 17 of the same year when Mr, 0. P. Butterwick 
was appointed principal. 

At the July meeting, the Board decided to srant a 
bonus as follows to ell teachers conpletins the full 
school year of 1918-1919; 



242 



"QjC on salaries of $&X) or less per annum 
6^ « " :^f801 to .^^1000 inolusive 
4^ " " above $1000" 

Spanish was Introduced In place of the German which had 

been discarded. 

"The Dial" Staff for 1916-17 consisted of 

"Miss Lillian Hlmer— -Edltor-ln-Chlef 
Mr, Michael (Jolden— Manager 

Miss Ruth Tappen 

Miss Ruth Noe 

Mr. Nonaan Lee Assoolste Editors 

Mr, Harry Baker 

Mr. Andrew Desmond 

Mr. Erich Shiuster 

Mr. David Coddlnston 

Miss Mary Walsh Reporters 

Miss Sara Hooney 

Miss Mary OtNell 

Mr. W. H. MoNalr—Paculty Advisor" 
The enrollment In the township schools had in- 
creased In every building over that of the preceding 
year. The following is taken from the Supervising Prin- 
cipal* s annual reoort for the year 1917-18: 

"School Enroll- Number of Prin- 
ment Teachers cipal 
Barron 

Avenue 288 11. . .0. Butterwiok 

No. 1 708 18... E. Earth 

Avencl 209 4. . .A. Paciiard 

Iseim 94 3...G. Bayliss 

Fords 416... 8...H. Sharp 

Keaebey 364 3... A. Richards 

Port 

Reading 364 8. . . V. Coover 

Hopelawn. . ♦ .22 8 5 ...R. Gfelaida 

Total 2671 65 



243 



On August 19, 1913, litr. J. !!• McSlroy succeeded 
Mr. John Dockstader as Manual Training instructor at 
the Barron Avenue School. 

On Noveaber 18, Mr. Lester Dlx was appointed ae 
principal of School No. 1 to fill the vacancy caused 
by the death of Mr. S. Barth during the terrible epidemlo 
of influenza that had been sweeping the country causing 
the death of tiiousands of people. 

The terrific explosion at the munitions plant at 
Morgan near South Anboy, in October, had devastated the 
iaawdlate vieinlty and had daiaaged places for nany miles 
aJTOund, Hundreds of people driven from their homes in 
fear of further explosions had fled into the open spaces 
of the surrounding country where, subject to exposure, 
they more easily fell victims to the influenza, 

Pxjbllc buildings in Woodbridge as well as In many 
of the other places were thrown open to the refugees, 
Coti were set up in the high school gyranasiua and other 
rooms in the BaJ'ron Avenue School smd the local Red Cross 
with the assistance of many c itizsns did noble work help- 
ing the large number of men, women and children, many of 
whom were ill with pi^eunonia ^o had taken advantage of 
the hospitality of the school. Schools throughout the 
township v/ere closed until all danger was past. 



244 



CHAPTER XIY 

WAR-TIME DOINaS AND EVEKTS 

High eohool boys given instruction in use of rifle. 
Excerpts from hish. school paper, "The Dial", 

Registration Day, June 5, 1917 a legal holiday. 
Extract from "The Dial* re— Registration Day parade. 

Schools closed by Fuel Administrator, December 2, 
1917 to January 23, 1918. 

The township schools "Do fheir Bit". Statistics 
showing how pupils "Helped Win the War". 

State Building Inspector Mr. lIcDermott, refuses 
to sanction use of old "Club House" for school purposes. 

Greiman dropped from the Curriculum. 

Report made to County Superintendent regarding 
•nlistments from the high school. 

Spelling contest held June 15, 1917. David 
Coddlngtoa wins tea-dollar gold piece. 

Aims of the high school paper, "The Dial". 

Hr. 0. P. Butterwiclc succeeds Mr. A. C. Sides 
as principal of the high school. 

Bonus granted to all teachers completing years 
1918-19. 

Spanish introduced instead of Qerman. 



246 



Extraot from Supervising Principal's report year 
1917-18. 

Hr. J. U. MoSlroy succeeds Mr. John Dookstader. 

Principal S. A. Barth, School No. 1 dies of In- 
fluenza and Mr. Z^ester Dlx succeeds hlB, 

Morgan explosion closes schools temporarily. 



CHAPTEfl XV 
SCHOOL 0CN8TRUCTIOH ENDS 

As the years v/ent on, the annual school budget iia- 
oreased, and in 1919 the appropriations called for at a 
special ©lection in the early part of Januai^y wei^ as fol- 
lows! 

"Building and repairing schoolhouse 3 7500.00 

Current expenr.es 75000.00 

Estimated deficit in cuj:'rent expenses 

June 20, 1919 10000.00 

Manual Training 2500. 00 

Sinking Fund 5357.60 

Total §100337.60 

Although such a large amount v/as requested, others were 
only fifteen votes oast^all being in favor of the budget. An 
occupational classification of the fifteen voters shows that 
eight of the fifteen were school officials or school employees, 
the others, probably workmen doing repair work on thf build- 
ing in which the election was held. 

"Classification 

3 Janitors 1 mason 

1 president of the Beard 1 contractor 

1 vice-president of the Board 1 assistant to 

contractor 

1 manual training teacher 2 plumbers 

1 attendance officer 1 carpenter 

1 supervising principal of 1 no occupation" 
schools 

Mr. Jolm V, Burke succeeded Mr, EaisiTOrth Ferdon as prin- 
cipal of the Keasbcy School and hk", Ihltred Hann took the 



24$ 



247 



place of Mies Qalaida at Hopelawn. 

Mr. William H. Demarest, a member of the Board, re- 
signed because he was leaving the district, and lir. Fred 
Bojildn was elected to fill the unex-olred torm at the an- 
nual election on Usx^dh 18. 

The coimlttee previously appointed to secure a price 
on property at the rear of School No. 1, now reported that 
a plot of land 192« x 190* could bo purchased In that lo- 
cation for ^4000 and recomaended that the Trustees secure 
It. A motion to accept the offer was passed unanimously 
and a oommlttee was at once appointed by the president to 
get figures on the approximate cost of a new twelve-ivjoo 
school to be placed on the lot. Another oommlttee was ap- 
pointed to find the probable cost of an eight-room brick 
addition to Porde School No. 7. 

The Woodbrldge School Committee consisted of llr. H, 
R. Valentine, Mr. Charles Fej:*rell, and Mr. E. C. Ensign. 
The Fords Cooaittee consisted of Mr, Melvln H. Clum, Mr. 
Benjamin Walling, and llr. K. P. Dunlgan. 

At the Board meeting of May 5, resolutions were passed 

calling a meeting of the voters for Jiay J27 for the ptirpose 

of presenting the following pj^>posltlonsj 

•♦(a) The purchase of the E. W. Valentine lot 
for |4000 and the erection of a IS-room 
fireproof building on it at a cost not 
to exceed j>96000, including fiimitur© 



and necessaa?y equipment. 

(b) The erection of sn f.".diticn tc Fords School 
rf7 at a cost not to exceed $65000, includ- 
ing furniture ?jid equit>iaent. " 

In addition to taking steps for providing more school 
aocomniodatlons, a notion w&s introduced by the Chalriaan 
of the Teachers • Coonittee and passed unanimously, to have 
more time devoted to the special subjects such as art, 
Eiusic, manual training, and domestic science. 

I?hen so caich pressure is being brought to beaj? on many 
Boards of Education at the present time to eliminate these 
subjects from the school curriculum, it is refreshing to 
come across such a sane item in the Woodbridge school re- 
cords. 

two weeks later, it wt's decided to continue the Bonus 
System for another year and the General Ceramics Company 
was given perTnlaslon to use No. 7 school for evening Ainer- 
ioanization classes. 

When the special election for the new school at Wood- 
bridge and the eight-room addition to No. 7 occurred, 43 
ballots were cast, all in fo=<.vor of the appropriation of 
#166,000. 

The election being held in the afternoon, was pro- 
bably the cause for such a small number voting. This is 
a conti'ast to present day elections which are held in the 



249 



evenings, when soqietimes two thousand or more voter e turn 
out to vote. 

Up to this time there had been no school nurse em- 
ployed, the regular township nurse being called upon when 
needed. The action of the Board In appoliiting Miss Marion 
Lockwood rs township school nurse, January 16, 1919, at a 
salary of ?|1S5 per month, thus marks the beginning of a 
most important pha.pe of a modea^n school system. 

Miss Mary Pee (Mrs. John Duff) was appointed princi- 
pal of the Hopelawn School in place of Mr. A. Harm at a 
salary of ^1200, which position ehe has continued to hold 
to the present date. 

The amount of money raised for the erection of the new 
school at Wocdbrldge was found to be insufficient, thirty- 
five thousand dollars being the estimated deficit. It was 
also found necessary to raise an additional fifteen thou- 
sand for the addition to the Fords School. A special elec- 
tion was held October 7 and the resolutions presented by the 
Boai*d to the voters for the above purpose were adopted. 

Another worthwhile item to be noted, is the granting of 
a 10^ salary Increase to the janitor's of the township schools. 
It was also decided to oomiaence Aaerlcanlzation classes In 
School No. 1 and other township schools if desired. 



250 



Keasbey fire house was being used new for an extra 
olass. When the new bids for the erection of the Wood- 
bridge school were opened at the meeting of the Board on 
November 24, Pred CQaristensen Construction Company r^e- 
oeived the general construction contract; Oeorg© Still- 
well, the general plumbing contract* E. J. Coffey, the 
general electric contract | and the Johnson Heating 
Company, the heating contract. 

On December 15, the following resolution was passed 

unanimously : 

"Re solved J that from January 1, 19S0, in- 
creases be granted teachers in accordance 
with the Bonus Law amounting in the assre- 
Sr-.te to '511,125 for the balsnce of the pre- 
sent school year— said inoreasns to be ap- 
portioned as folloT^s: 



10,*? 
5^ 

.ibjg 



Teaoheri receiving under C1500 15^ 

« In service ?^1500 or over.. 
" " " 5 to 10 yesrs. , 
" » « 10 to 15 « .. 

" " "20 ye>^rs or norc. 
and salary of John H. Love be $3500 per year. 
The bonus previously agreed upon to be on the 
present contr-ot salary and no bonus to tea- 
chers employed after January 1, *• — -1 

The year 1990 opened with a request from the Avenel 

residents for additional school accommodations in that 
section. 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education 



251 



Teachers* salaries received another boost. All tea- 
chers who had taugl-t in the township f3:M>8i 6 to 20 years, 
were given an increase of 7^ based upon their salary as 
previous to percentages being added for length of service, 
end teachers in service five yeai's only, received a 5J^ 1ft- 
orea'^e. 

Th« manual training department was extended by the 
addition of .another teacher owing to the increased number 
of classes. The sunuaer school allowaiice to teachers who 
attended t/as continued for the next year. 

An increasins interest of the Board In the subjects 
of music, art, and conatimctloa work, led to the follow- 
ing resolution: 

"Moved and csrrled that teachers who claln 
Inability to teach their grsde music or 
the art s-jid construction work, sjid who 
elect to t?ke advantage of the Board* s 
offer to -pay then ^50 extrs-. for attendsnoe 
at an approved sunnier school or college, 
must elect these specified subjects as 
part or all of their summer eohool course 
to be elisible for the additional compen* 
sation, and no course shall be ar»proved 
unless it bears diz'ectly upon the regular 
class room work, and a copy of the re» 
coi^ds obtained pt the surainer school or 
college, showing cource or courses and 
standlnr,s shall be presented to the Board 
of Educ>-ition as soon as possible after the 
Btld records end standings hrve been Issued 
by the school or college authorities. "~1 

1 Jiinute Bock, Board of Education. 



252 



Transportatloa contraots for school children were 
made as follows: 

"John Heli&— Iselln to Woodbrldge— .$800 
for Bchool ye.-.r. 

Charles Peterson — Locust Grove to Aven- 
el— $1250 

Van Fleet Hewitt-~He\ir Dovar to Iselln 
for :1700 

A. Cerbo & Son — Hopela'.m to Porda ^6.50 
per school l^y — also*— 

A. Cerbo & Son — Allowance of fl.OO r>si* 
school day to transport pu- 
pils fron Ho. 7 'md. 8 to 
high school each morning, "—1 

Kedioal Inspectors appointed for 1920-1921 were Dr. 
Joseph Mark, Dr. B. W, Hoagland, Dr. I. T. Spencer, f-nd 
Dr. Edward Hansen. 

Uanual training was extended to several other schocla 
within the township. 

The treasurer of the Free School Lands of Woodbridge 
(lar. S. C. ISnsisn) notified the School Board that he had 
turned over t: the Boajrd $5000 in cash, and Liberty Bonds 
of a face value of $2500. 

We find 1921 another building year. No. 11 ^vgs still 
in prooeae of construction and a special election was held 
for a school at Sewarett. 

The supervising principal v;as given pem.ission to 
attend the convention at Atlantic City. Mr. Lester Dix, 
principal of Schojl No. 1, v;as ^iven charge also of 
School No. 11 for the ensuing yeer. 

1 Board Minutes 



253 



lire. Irene Shay was appointed helper at School #10 
at a salary of |700 per year but resigned In February. 

Ae no provision had been made in the tax ordinance s 
for the amount of §11,125.50 required by the teachers' 
bonus, ezaergenoy notes for this amount were issued and 
arrangements were made for the aiaounts of the several 
notes issued to be included in the tax levies of the re- 
spective years wherein the notes fell due. 

The reguldj* annual township district school meet- 
ing was held on February 24 when the following appropri- 
ations recommended were adopted by the voters: 

"Building and repairing school houses,..! 8000 

Current expenses 150000 

Uanual Training 3000 

Total S161000 

The school Tmistees were also empowered to issue a 
note for ^6,000 to meet current year deficits of that a- 
mount. 

Principal 0. P. Butterwick of the high school re- 
signed to enter business, and was succeeded by Mr, Fred 
C. Shotwell. The request of Mrs, 0, R. Brown to plant 
a permanent Xmas tree on the high school grounds was 
granted and the tree was set in the northeast comer of 
the campus. 

An appropriation of ^150 was made for the purchase 
of athletic equipment for the high school. This was the 



2d4 



first time suoh action had been taken and it definitely 
settled the position of high school athletics as a leg- 
ItiBjate part of school work and as such, entitled to fi- 
nancial assistance, a principle which has continued ever 
since. 

An important step In educational policy was taken 
Isy the Board when the following resolution was passed in 
April. 

"ResolTed: that the minimum salary of high 
school teachers for the coming year (1920- 
1921) be liaoo and for primary and grammar 
grades 012CX), and all teachers attending 
an approved summer school or college and 
taking one or more subjects be allowed $60 
at the end of their year. Furthermore— 
Resolved: that teachers in service in Wood- 
bridge township &r five or more years re- 
ceive for the coining year, 1^ of their sal- 
ary (extra) for each year in service up to 
a raaximma of 20^. "—1 

Business had been receiving its share of the prosper^ 
ou» tlg»8 following the war, and the request of the tea- 
cher s to be given a share in tills prosperity was met by the 
foregoing resolutions. 

Sewaren residents appeared befoi^e the Board at the 
April meeting and requested the Trustees to take steps for 
the erection of a school in their part of the township, 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education. 



265 



Messrs, Pred Bohlen, E. C. Ensign and Benjamin Walling 
were at onoe appointed a oonmlttee to aot In the matter, 
reporting to the Board on April 19 regarding a plot of 
land offered to then by the Baldwin Resl,ty Company, sltxi- 
ated on Sewaren Avenue and Sherman Street. 

The necessary steps were then taken by the Board 
for a special meeting of the legal voters to be held May 
18 at the high school to secure their consent to pur- 
ohase the plot of land specified and to erect a school- 
house thereon which, v/lth furniture and equljMnent, should 
not exoeed #50,000, the cost of the plot to be one dol- 
lar, 

The resolutions presented to the voters were car- 
ried and at the July meeting of the Board, Mr. Fred Boh- 
len moved the passage of resolutions authorizing the i)up- 
ohase of the land, the erection of a fotuvrooo, fire- 
proof sohoolhouse, and the purchasing of the necessary 
furniture and equipment, the ?^ole to be financed by a 
bond Issue for ^50,000. The resolutions were adopted and 
Mr. J. K. Jensen was appointed architect. 

Mrs. Frank Sdgar was appointed as grade teacher at 
a salary of $1300. Mrs, Edgar, at the present time (1933), 
le principal of School No. 11. 



2M 



The usual oominencensent exercises, annually held In 
Woodbridge for all of the fourth grades, were directed 
to be held In the respective schools. Thus came to an 
end the custom of having the children brought in stages 
to ffoodbrldge, usually to the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and taken back home to the different sections from whence 
they came. 

^e affair had become quite a burden, and the classes 
had increased in size to such an extent that the church 
was overcrowded, very little space being left for inter- 
ested parents and friends. The step met with approval 
from every one. 

Once again the call for increased school accommoda- 
tions came in from Port Reading in the form of a petition 
which was laid over for consideration later. 

The local Red Gross had been much interested in Child 
Welfare work in the township, and an offer to supply a car 
for that purpose was made by it to the Board if they would 
pay for its upkeep. The Trustees accepted the offer on 
the understandiiig that they should have full control of the 
oar* 

T1m> death of the attendance officer, Mr. John Thomp- 
son having recently occurred, the secretary of the Boai^, 
Mr. E. 0. Ensign, and the supervising principal were ap- 
pointed a committee to draft resolutions of regret on his 



367 



denlse. These were presented at the next meeting of the 
Boaz*d aJid adopted unanimously. 

However^ Mr. Thompson Is worthy of more than these 
expressions of regret. His title was that of Attendance 
Officer but he was more than that. He brought to his 
work a deep sympathy for his fellowmen that endeared hla 
to so many families, particularly the children. In his 
Tlsits to the various homes, he went in the light of a 
family friend, ready to hear their troubles and help then 
to bear them. Many a time he was known to go to homes with 
legal papers to serve, but although he would perform his 
duty, he would leave them with food on their tables or 
shoes on the feet of the children. 

Oood natured at heej:»t, he hid this by a bluffness of 
manner which, although impressive to a stranger, the child- 
ren and all his friends saw through and discounted. 

In his younger days, he had been a saddler by tre.de, be- 
ing noted for the excellence of his work sjid the honesty of 
his dealings with his customers. The advent of the automo- 
bile sounded the death Icnell to his business, but at last, 
fate and friends stepped in to his assistance, and in the 
employ of the Board of Education he fitted into a niche that 
seemed to have been made Just for him. His memory in the 
township is still green. 



258 



Up to this time, althougji domeetlo science had been 
a pajri. of the eighth grade course of study on the noirth 
Bide of the township, it had not been offered to the 
eighth grades on the south side. The action of the Board 
now taken to provide a full equipment for this subject at 
School No. 7, Fords, was therefore nuoh appreciated. This 
was done largely through the efforts of Mr, Melvln Olvaa, 
the president of the Board and member from the Fords sec- 
tion. 

Mr. Louis Meyer resigned as member of the Board of 
Education and was appointed to fill the vacancy caused 1^ 
the death of the Attendance Officer, Mr. Thompson. 

Mr. Fred Shotwell, having resi*sned as principal of 
the high school, ISc, Lee Woodman was elected to fill the 
position. 

Another petition for additional school facilities was 
received by the Board from the re el dents of Colonia and a 
oommlttee of three, Hessrs. H. R. Valentine, Benjamin Wall- 
ing, and E. 0, Ensign v/as appointed to meet with a delega- 
tion of citizens from Colonia at Iselin school, Monday 
September 26, to discuss the situation. 

The school year of 1921-1922 opened with a continu- 
ance of the school building boon. Resolutions were adopt- 
ed at the December 10 meeting calling for an addition of 



2Sf 



four rooms to the Arenel aohool and for a meeting of the 
voters to be held November 14, 1921, for the purpose of 
authorizing the Bosrd to erect the addition and to pur- 
chase the necessary furniture and equipment at a oost not 
to exceed the sun of |55,000, 

Another notable event, was the election of Ucb. Sadie 
B. Gardner of Fords to the Board to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Mr. Louis Meyer, fflie was the first 
woman in the history of the township to fill such an office. 

Wtwn the special election was held for the Avenel ad- 
dition, 44 ballots were oast for the proposition and one 
against it. This added another #55,000 to the bonded Iop- 
debtedness of the schools. 

The policy of the Board in relation to an allowance 
to teachers for college extension work was voted to be con- 
tinued. 

When the School Board met on January 16, 1922, reso- 
lutions were introduced by the oommittee on the Oolonia para- 
position calling for a meeting of the legal voters of the 
township on February 14, 1922, for the purpose of voting 
to authorize the Boai'd to purchase a suitable lot in Ool- 
onia upon which to erect a new sohoolhouse and to secure 
the necessary furniture and equipment at a total oost not 
to exceed #53,400, also to erect an addition to the Hope- 



^i>'f 



'^A/ 




I 



I 

I 

V 

I 



260 



lawn No. 10 School, to oost, with necessary furnltui^e and 
eculpnient, #55,000. 

Hr. J. V. Burke, principal of Keasbey, resigned to 
trke a principal ship in Perth Amboy and vvas succeeded by 
Mies Elsie Wlttenbert. 

The health work of tie schools was extended by est- 
ablishing a health clinic at School Ho. 11 in coopera- 
tion with the Health Department of the rauniolpality. 

Hiss Margaret Lookwood had been appointed as princi- 
pal of the new Sewarea School and Mr. James G. Catano vms 
the choice of the Board for the position of janitor. 

dreaX Interest was shown at the Febiniary elections, 

because of the appearance of severe! lady oandidptes for 

tht Board vacancies and also because of unusual interest 

in the propositions to be submitted. All appro pirations 

were carried and the following persons were elected: 

Mr. Melvin H. Clum 3 years 

Ml a. A. Gardner S years 

Mr. Roy E, Anderson 3 years 

Mrs. Anabella Baker 1 year 

On March 20, 1922, Mr. H. A. Tappen, president of the 
Board since the death of Mr. William Edgar, announced his 
intention to retire from the Board. In a brief speech he 
thanked his fellow members for the loyal support and co- 
operation he had consistently received and for their un- 
failing kindness during his term of office. In the retire- 



261 



ment of Mr. Tappen, the oommunlty lost the services of a 
valuable Board member, whose sole object throughout hl« 
connection with the schools had been the development of an 
educational system of which the township should be Justly 
proud, and the comfort and happiness of children and tea- 
chers. 

Mr. MelTln Clum succeeded Mr, Tappen as president and 
Mr. H. R. Valentine v/ae elected to the office of vice-pres- 
ident, 

A new salary schedule was presented to the Board by 
a special committee that had been appointed to draft on© 
and was ur.anlmouely approved. TkB schedule follows: 

••Kindergarten and Elementary Minimum Maximum 

Grades |12CX) $1800 

Kindergarten Assistants 

Certified 1000 1500 

Special Classes 1500 8000 

Special Teachers 1500 2200 

Elementary Principals— up to 

11 teachers 1600 2300 

Elementary Principal 8~12 to 

20 teachers 1800 2600 

Elementary Principals— 21 teachers 

and over 2500 3300 

Hlsh School Assistants 1700 2400 

High School Principal 2600 Seoo" 

"Elementary teachers' salaries to be based on a 
minimum base of ^31200, allowing ^50 per je?r 
for experience v/ithin the township and #25 per 
year for expRrience outside the townshlrj with 
an extra 4100 for teachers of the 8th grades, 
A auper-maxlmum is allowed for elementary tea- 
chers in the township fi)r 20 years or more.'* 



262 



A change in the health department was aade by th« 
appointment of only one physician for the whole township, 
Dr. B. !?. Hoaslftnd, at a salaj?y of fl500. This was done 
at the augsestion of the health Comnittee of the Board 
and was undertaken as an experiment for the improvenent 
of the department by placing all responsibility on one 
person snd thus ramovlng the "incidental" feature of the 
medical service. The plan lasted one yeaj?. 

Owing to the difficulty of reaching the Kopelawn 
School through laolc of public faoilites, and also lack 
of boai'-ding acooranodationa, arransements were made for the 
transportation of the teachers from Perth .<Uaboy as a cen- 
ter, the teachers to bear one-third of the expense. 

The detail worfc of the office of the high school prin- 
cipal had Increased to such an extent that a clerk ^-.s 
granted him. Miss Marie Dunigan receiving the appointment, 
October 16. 

The teaching of thrift was introduced into the schools 
this year. School Savings Banks were no new features, but 
nothing had been previously done along this line in Wood- 
bridge. 

The plan of "The Educational Thrift Service Corpora- 
tion" was presented to the Board by the supervising princi- 
pal and permission was given for its introduction. 



263 



Under the plan, a looal bank was selected as a depos- 
itory, proTidlng free all the necessary supplies and ser- 
vices. The children were furnished with small passbooks, 
and one day a week was appointed as "bank day* on which 
aijy stua of money could be to^ought to the class teaeher, 
collected by her, and be credited in the book, A repre- 
sentative of the bank would then call for the cash. Pro- 
vision was made for withdrawals, «nd competition between 
classes was stimtaated by the use of "lOpjl thrift" ban- 
ners. 

Comparative statistics were printed by the Thrift 
Corporation in their "Thrift Magazine" which also included 
pictures of school groups standing exceptionally high in 
their collections. The failure of the local bank spon- 
soring the project some years later (1939) brought the 
work to a halt and had a demoralising effect on the child- 
ren in 80 far as the school savings habit was concerned. 
Over $30,000 was credited to the savings accounts of the 
school children when the failure occurred. 

The fords section of the township was within the area 
controlled by another banking institution, which was not 
m favor of the Thrift Service plan, bat which Issued paes- 
books of its own to the <aiildren for school savings under 
the ordinary savings plan. This scheme, although success- 



9«4 



ful at first, died a natural death, largely owing to th» 
Inoreastng financial depression and ttie reverberations of 
the sounds from crashing banks. 

Under the energetic direction of the township rausic 
supervisor, SSiss Anna G, Prazer, orchestral work had in- 
creased in popularity, and at the suggestion of the super- 
vising principal, the Board unanimously adopted a reso- 
lution making this phase of music a part of the high sohoci 
ourriculua with credit allowance toward the high school 
diplosia. 

On January 15, 1923, school accommodationfl at Fords 
had again become Inadequate and a oomsilttee was appointed 
by the president to find a suitable plot of land on which 
to erect a new school at that place. 

The annual School Board elections were held on Feb- 
ruary 13 when the following members were elected and the 
appropriations carried as stated: 

'^Hembers 

Maurice P. Dunigan, 3 years 

Benjanln Y/alling 5 yenrs 

Annabelle Baker , 3 years 

Alexander C, Walker 1 year 

{fir, H, R. Valentin© resigned) 

Appropriations 

Current expenses #196000 

Building snd. repairing SIOOO 

Manual training 5000 

Additional aaount for comple- 
tion of Avenel Scliool addition, 12000 
Total 5234000" 



266 



At the organization of the Boaj:»d, Mr, Haurice P. Dunp- 
Igan was elected vice president to succeed Jii*. H. R. Valen- 
tine. 

Township school principals at this time 19S3-24 were: 

•High School Mr. Lee Woodman 

Schools Ho. 1 end. 11 Idr. Lester Dix 

Avenel. Miss Bertha Schermer - 

horn 
Oolonia (opened October 22). Mies Minnie Ooraoton 

Iselln (Ho. 6) Miss Mabel Reeves 

Fords (Mo. 7) Mr. Howard Sharp 

Keasbey. Miss Elsie vattnebsrt 

Port Reading Mr. Horace H. Beach 

(left and Joseph Lewis Appointed) 

Hopelawn Miss Kary C. Fee 

Sewaren Miss Margaret Lookwood" 

The accomiaodations in the high school had been taxed to 
their utmost dxiring the past school yoar, so, as a measure of 
relief, it was decided to procure a two-room portable school 
and place It on the south side of the building with a con- 
necting passageway to enable the pupils to use the regular 
facilities of the school vfithout being exposed to the weather. 
An asbestos type of building was selected at a cost of 03725, 
and preparations were made for it to be ready for use at the 
opening of schools in Soptenber, 

The New Jersey Teacher's Pension and Annuity Fund, which 
became operative in April 1919, enabled Miss Ajinie Richards 
of the Keasbey School to retire from active service, 4^4 
ahw wSf the first Woodbrid^je teacher to take advantage of the 



266 



new law. The Board presented Kiss Richards -..'ith a beauti- 
fully engrossed testimonial of appreciation of her long and 
faithful service In the township. 

A development oompany had secured 

a large tract of land at Iselln and had erected a large num- 
ber of small hones, attractive to small investors, iBhloh 
had caused a sudden Increase In the population of that sec- 
tion of the township necessitating further school accoimno- 
dr.tlons. With this dennnd in view, a ooumlttee of the 
Board was appolnted^to secure a sui'table piece of property 
on which to erect another school at Iselln. 

The portable building pt the high school, being only 
a temporary expedient, inquiries were made regarding the 
advisability of erecting an addition to the Bari»on Avenue 
school and its probable cost. 

Resolutions hf!Ving previously been prepared by the 
Board, the followlftg propositions relating to additional 
school accommodatlone were presented to the legal voters of 
the township on February 13, 1924, for the adoption of: 

"1. Purchase of a lot at Hopelavrn $ 3000 

2. Purclia.ee of a lot at Fords 9000 

3. Erection of a school on Fords lot 156000 

4. Erection of addition to Barron Avenue 

school 2'35O0O 

5. Purchase of a Port Reading lot 2000 

6. Erection of an addition to Port 

Reading ( 5 rocaas) 60000" 



267 



These propo sit ions were all carried and the Board auth- 
orized to proceed with their plajis. In connection with thla 
election, it was discovei-ed tl^at an error had been na.de in 
stating the tei-'as of the bond issues for the Barron Avenue 
High School addition and the addition to the Port Reading 
School, which necessitated the presentation of a new set 
of resolutions to the voters for correction, v/hieh wps done 
at a special election held April the 14th, all the proposi- 
tions being carried. 

A trolley strike at this tiiae, and the failxxre of the 
contractors to complete the Colonia School within the tine 
specified, made it necessary for the Board to secure addi- 
tional bu» transportation service for the school children liv- 
ing in Colonia, Locust Grove and part of Avenel to the Ise- 
lin School which was done at a cost of $2052.74. 

Miss Hazel Drake having resigned her position as of- 
fice assistant to the supervising prln«ipal, Mrs. Irene 
Shay was appointed to succeed her April 21, and to con- 
mence her duties on a twelve-month basis the following June. 

O-reat preparations were on foot in the old town for 
the 255th Anniversary and Memorial Celebration to be held 
Saturday, June 14, and the Board was requested to supnly a 
group picture of the Board members to appear in the official 
book of the great event. The illustration on page IS-^a was 



268 



made from the resultant photogrpj^* 

As an evidence of their interest in the high schc»ol, 
the 3arron Avenue Parent Teachers* Association presented 
the sua of $111.50 to the Board tov.'ard the purchase of a 
piano for the new audltoritua being erected as a part of 
• the new addition, 

A simllej' group p.t Avenel No. 4 sent an invitation 
to the Board to be present at a Bible presentation by 
the Junior Order of Aaerican Mechanics on May 22, 8 p.m. 

These organiziatione had sprung up all over the 
township and v/ere working harraoniouely with principals 
and teachers for the benefit of the schools. 

Many pieces of school equipment v.ere purchased 
through their efforts which othen^fise snlgjit not have 
been secured, and prominent speakers on educational top- 
ics were often brought bcfore-t^clr meetinge. 

On May 29, the art department of the .'.vanel bx^anch 
of the Vfomans* Club presented a beautiful plaque and a 
large plaster cp.et to the Avenel School. 

The Parent Teachers' Association of School No. 11 
made ■•? fine donation to the Board toward the purchase 
of a stage curtain for their school. 



269 



The 255th annlversajry of the granting of the toim 
charter (1669) wae approaching and Instructions were Issued 
by the Board for the decoration of School No. 1 and the 
high school with flags and. bunting In honor of the occasion. 

In order to tsie care of the Increased school enroll- 
ment, It was found necessary to procure two more portable 
buildings, one for the high school and another for Iselln 
School No. 6, both to be set up and ready for use In Septr 
ember* 

Although a number of auditoriums had been built In 
connection with the township schools, their significance 
being appreciated by the citizens, proper stage curtains had 
seemed not to be considered a necessity. The first steps 
in this direction having been taken by the Parent Teachers ' 
Association of Ho. 11, and by the Boax*d for the new high 
school auditorium, an Impetus was thus given to the idea, 
the result being the purchase of stage curtains for Avenel, 
Fords, Hopelawn, and Woodbridge No. 11. 

In 1925, .school laulldlng, previously authorized, was 
proceeding rapidly. Several changes in the plans and speci- 
fications had to be Bade in the high school addition as cir- 
cumstances showed their desirability. 

When the annual meeting of the district voters was held 
on February 10, the following appropriations were carried 



2T0 



by a large majority: 

"Purchase of land for school purposes # lOX) 

Building and repairing echo olhou see 18000 

Current expenses 276625 

Manual training 6000 

New heating and fireproof stairways No, 1, 13000 

'''™"* °' ""' ma:::::::::::::;:::fOTii§ 

Kie progress iveness of the times is evider^t when th« 
Board unanimously decided at its May meeting to supply the atten- 
dance officer with a Ford sedan. The bicycle, as a means 
of official transportation had seen Its day, done its part 
well in the general scheme of administration and now was of- 
ficially retired. 

At the same meeting. Miss Viola E. Dunham notified the 
Trustees that she intended to resign at the close of the 
school year under the provisions of the Teachers' Pension 
and Annuity Fund Law. Miss Dunham oommenoed to teach school 
at the age of sixteen, and previous to the township being 
made the unit of administration by the SehooX Law of 1694, 
she had taught school at New Dover, Franklin Park, and at 
Iselin. From Iselln she was transferred to School No. 1 
in 1896 to the fourth grade, and passing up through the 
grades by virtue of her outstanding efficiency, she was 
placed on the high school faculty in 1905 in the oomaeroial 
department, where she remained until her retirement June, 1925. 



SSfX 



As a testlstonial to her long and faithful eeryioe, 
the Boajrd of Education passed a motion directing that fit- 
ting resolutions be prepared, engroaaed, illuminated, and 
presented to her on their behalf. 

The completion of the addition to the high school 
obviated the use of the two portables, so they were trans- 
ferred to the school groiAnds of No. 11 during the summer. 

The question of the employment of laarried teachers 

had troubled the Board for some time, so in conformance 

with a common feeling in the matter, the following i^eso- 

lution was passed to go into effect immediately; 

"Resolved: that any teacher not under the 
provisions of the Tenure of office Act and 
who may now be employed in or who may be 
hereafter employed in the ^oodbridge town- 
ship public schools and v;ho shall many dur- 
ing the term of her employment in said schools, 
shall cease to be employed by the Board of 
Education as a teacher after the close of 
the current school year in which she shall 
have been married. "—1 

This resolution has continued in effect up to the pre- 
sent time. 

Mr. Alexander Walker, member of the Board who had been 
ill for some time, resigned his position and Mr» John A. 
Lahey of Sewaren was appointed to seir^e in his place until 
the next election. 

The school conditions at Iselin had become very acute 
and Mr. Henry Kuntz of that place offered certain lots to 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education. 



272 



the Board at a price provided the land be used for the 
erection of a school and for the maintenance of a public 
playground, the option on the property to continue one 
year. 

The Board agreed to accept the offer and to present 
it to the legal voters of the district at the next re- 
gular school election. 

Meanwhile the work on the Barron Avenue addition was 
being pushed so that it would be ready in September at 
the opening of school, fhe Board now authorized the lay- 
ing of a new cement flidewalk in front of the property at 
a cost of |600. 

At the first aeeting in the school year, 1925-1926, 
which came on September 21, an offer of pzH»perty for school 
purposes came fz*om Mr. John Hagaman which was accepted 
by the Board. On this land, now called Hagaman Heights, 
a double portable building was later erected as a relief 
to iohool No. 9 and continues in use to dste under the supez*- 
vision of the principal of that school. 

Miss Reeves, the principal of Iselin No. 6, having re- 
signed. Miss Stella J. Wright, grade teacher at Fords was 
appointed to succeed her. 

Mr, Howard Sharp, principal of School No. 7 in Fords, 
had been given charge of the new school (No. 14) and when 



273 



Miss Wrigjit was transferred to No, 6, Hiss O^orgianna 
Oronce, a teacher in No. 14, was appointed clerk assistant 
to Mr. Sharp, at a salary of #100 per year, but she was to 
Qontlaue her duties as teaoher. 

Mr. Ajrthur 0. Perry succeeded Mr, Lee Woodman as 
principal of the Barroa Avenue School, 

Again, in 1926, a new year opened with a hullding 
project. This time the Board, at its meeting on January 
4, 1926, decided to recocnnend the erection of a new school 
at Iselin on the tract that had been offered by Henry Kuntz, 
the cost of the building and land not to exceed 0110,000, 

Meanwhile, it was found that the appropriations that 
had been made for the Barron ATttnne addition, the Port 
Reading addition and the new school at Fords were insuffi- 
cient, and resolutions were therefore submitted to be 
presented to the voters at the next annual meeting calling 
for additional amounts as follows; 

"Barron Avenue School 120000 

Fort Reading' s Addition 4000 

Hew School at Pords (14) 6000 

Another resolution was passed at a later meeting to 
preaent an additional proposition at the same annual meet- 
ing for the purchase of land sjtid the erection of an addi- 
tion of eight rooms to the Keasbey School at a cost not to 
exceed $115,000. 



274 



Tha total for the new buildinsa and additions, auth- 
orised "by the voters when the elections took place on Feb- 
ruary 9, was the large eum of $255,000. 

Onoe again the question of teachers* salaries caiM 
under discussion and a new elementary teachers* schedule 
was now presented by the Teachers* Committee for adoption 
by the Board: 



"MinljaaBt. 



JSlenentary Teachers ■?1S00 

» « 1800 

" " 2000 

« » 1200 

" * 1250 

" " 1300 

• « 1400 

and SlOO annual inoreaent thereafter until the 

BaxiHuo is reached. 



Ha^cAua 

Super^maxiERim 

First Zear. . . 
Second •' ... 
Third ** . . . 
Fourth * 



"Provided: tha.t teachers of gradefl 6, 7, and 8 
shall receive $100 per annum above the sched- 
ule, as heretofore, until the n-axlniuri is 
reached, but the maximum shall not be exceeded. 

■Provided: that in departmental work, inoludlng 
ar^ crad.e Icwer tlifin the sixth, an equitable 
division of the #100 special allowance shall be 
made, e. g. a teacher he.ving half sixth and lialf 
fifth shall receive $&0 above the schedule. The 
elementary schedule shall not include special 
instructors. Salaries of special Instpuctors 
shall be at the discretion of the Board, but 
shall in no case be less than a minimum of tlSOO. 
Assistants to supervisors shall be olaesified as 
special instructors. Special instructors shall 
receive annual increments as per *he elementary 
teachers schedule. An allowance of ^50 per year 
shall be made for ••outside" experience up to six 
years inclusive, ^^lioh shall be added to the min- 
imum when engaging a new, experienced person. 



276 



■Provided: that upon the marrlas© of any 
female teacher workins under the Tenure 
of Office Aot, the annual Increment shall 
eease end the Salai^ rej^iain static so 
long as the teacher rtmain in the employ 
of the Board of Education. This rule 
shall go into effect at once but shall 
not affect present married teachei^a. "— 1 

fhls schedule \7as aodif led later to exclude sixth 
grade teachers fron the exti-'a ^100 increment. 

Considerable dissatisfaction had arisen amongst 
the teachers haring charge of the extra ourricular 
activities in the hi^ school because of the additional 
tiiae they had to give without any salary schedule provi- 
sion being made for it, so when their case was presented 
to the Board on Jiuie 21, a motion was passed allowing 

"Football floach #50 extra 

Baseball •• 50 » 

Athletic Director 75 " 

Debating Coach 75 " * — 2 

An interest in summer schools was displayed in a 
resolution allowing such schools to be organized in the 
hi^ school, School No. 11, and in other schools if 
desired. 

At the August 2 meeting of the Board, 8ft», Thomas 
Murray, cashier of the Woodbridge Hational Bank, made an 
offer for the purchase of the several bond issues, ag- 
gref^ting $255,000 at par and accrued interest. No bids 
having been received in reply to public advertisement regarding 

1 Minute Book, Board of Education 

2 Ibid 



S76 



their sale, the offer was imanlmously accepted. 

Transportation contracts were awarded as follows: 
" For the school year endirur. June 19g? . 

William Brinkman— «Looust (rrove, Colonla 

Route 1 01750 

George Hagadona. , . New Dover to Colonla 

Route 2 800 

John Vereb Iselln and V/oodbrldge 

Rout© 3 1500 

A, F, MontecalTo . . Avenel to f/oodbrldge 

Route 4 1250 

Anthony Zullo Schools 8, 10 and 7 to 

Woodbridgo 

Route 5 2000 

A. Oerbo & Son. .. .Schools 8, 10 and 7 to 

Woodbridge 

Route 6 iaeo"—! 

Under the new law allowing teachers to attend the an- 
nual convention of the State Teaoiriers* Asaoolatloa without 
loss of salary for any school day neoessary foi* the purpose, 
a number of teachers, upon their request, received perniis- 
Blon from the Board to be absent. The aiaount paid for sub- 
stitutes was refunded to them by the Board of i2ducation. 

The athletic departnent of the schools continued to re- 
ceive the support of the Trustees, and a sum of #560 was as- 
signed to it for the purchase of uniforms and equipment. 

The year ended with much building in progress and the 
budget for the following year in preparation. 

On January 17, 1927, death struck once more at the 
School Board for it took away Mr. John A. Lahey who had 
-| Minutes - JSdl.o^ FcitAca+io-n 



277 



been appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of 
Mr. Alexander Walker. Hr. Laiiey, In his dhort comiectlon 
with the Board, had displayed many qualities that had 
pointed hiQ out as a valuable member. A college asm, 
broad in iiie views, open to oonviotion and i»gsesflins a 
quiet cliarm of laamier that made him very approachable, the 
sohoole, in his death, lost a good and kind friend. 

For a nuaber of years it had been the policy of the 
Board to centralize its upper grades as much as possible. 
Thifl had been done by grouping the elementary schools in 
Keasbey, Hopelawn, and Foi'ds into one section kriown as the 
South Side, and the remalnins schools into a section known 
as the Noi^th Side. The eiglith s^ade students wers trans- 
ported to one school in «aaih section as a center; on the 
South Side tliis school was Mo. 7, and on the Horth Side, 
the Woodbridge School No. 1. As the school population in- 
creased, instead of building additions to some of these 
schools, the seventh grades were pushed out of then and cen- 
tralized with the eiglith grades. 

An attempt v?»s nade by petitions to break up this plan, 
but each time a petition was presented, the Board held fast 
to its policy of oenti^alizatlotj. 

Under pressure froa contiiiued requests from the tea- 
chers, another change was mad© in the salary schedule for 



276 



their benefit as follows: 

"Moved and oarried: all voting In the 
affirmative— that the vaaximm salary 
for all teachers from Kindergarten to 
6th grade Inclusive be llSOOj that a 
super-naxlnum be Given after tv/enty 
yesj'B* service of ^2000, and an extra 
super-oaxlnun of v2500 per- aimun be 
granted after twenty-five years ser- 
vice, and that the uaxiniun B&XeX'y for 
the 7th and 8th grades (re $2500 and 
that no increase will be tyrant cd any 
lady teachers who marry while in ser- 
vice. "—1 

Tor the school year, 1927-28, one teacher net the re- 
qulrecents for the ^2500, and in 1928-29, when this eched- 
ule becaae effective, another teacher reached this extra 
super-figure. 

Altiiough such action on the part of a Board is very 
coeaaendable, the total salary list of 9Hi/- schools under 
flttoh requirenents as set up in Woodbridge Is little af- 
fected, bec;iuee there are so few teachers who could be ex- 
pected to reach su^ a hl^ point of remuneration. The 
few who do, are certainly worth it, if only from the 
standpoint of years of service, and it is reasonable also 
to suppose that there would be few years left for then to 
enjoy it. 

There is at least one good feature about high maxir-umo 
and super^naxlauns, and that le tlie excellent advertising 
for the school system. 

1 Minute Book, Board of Bduoation. 



279 



At the meeting of th© Board on Jiily 18, Ml as Jane Low, 
on the reoommendatlon of the Teachers* Oo.nmlttee, was ap- 
pointed to the newly-created position of Primary Supervi- 
sor. 

The erection of the new school, No, 15, at leelln, 
followed by the redistribution of the pupils between the 
two buildinss in that oommunity, enabled the two portables 
there to be discarded. An Increase in the enrollaent at 
Avenel, No. 4, was met by sovlns the buildings to the rear 
of that sdhool where they are still in use. (1935). 

Improved methods of instruction in th© high school 
made it neoessejpy to provide better library faoillties for 
the students. The old "study hall" was fitted up with 
proper school library furniture, together with necessary 
equipment to aoconuaodate about one hundred students per 
period. Miss Harriet Breokenridg©, the first person to be 
appointed to the important position of full»tirae School 
Librpjplan, was succeeded by Mies Grace 0. Huber who has 
continued the excellent work commenced by her predecessor. 
At the present time there are 3000 voluiaes In tha library, 
and additions are constantly being made, 

Oa December IB, 1927, the local Board of Health re- 
quested the Trustees to cooperate with them in administer- 
ing the toxla-antitoxin treatment to the school children 



280 



for the prevention of diphtheria. Dr. McDonald, who was 
present at the meeting, explained the use and value of 
the treataent. The Health Cocuaittee of the Board was then 
directed to laaet with the aayor and health officials of 
the to'.mchlp at b. conference on the eubject to be held on 
December 19, No aatiefaetory arrangenentB ocmld be made 
regarding the divieion of the cost of the proposition be- 
tween the township and the school offiolale eo the whole 
project was dropped. 

In 1928, the residents of the Rahway Park aectlon of 
Avenel petitioned the Board for school aocomiaodationfc and 
for better transportation facilities to the Avenel school, 
The matter was referi-ed to a oomxaittee for inve stioation. 
Later, the transportation waa iiaproved but the achool eug- 
gestion was tabled, 

Hopelawn was now demcnding additional school facili- 
ties, and a special meeting of the township voters was 
called for March 6 to authorize the Bosj'd to erect a four- 
i»00Ei addition to the school in th&„t section at a co«t not 
to exceed ^45,000, and also to authoi'ize a four-room ad- 
dition to the Barron Avenue High School at a total cost, 
including furniture and equipment, of #25,000. All the 
propositions presented vrere carried. 



281 



Radios now 126031116 a part of school equipment In the 
high school as one was purchased, largely through the ef- 
forts of the students. 

Special office equipment now began to be Introduced 
in the high school, oomraenclng with the purchase of a 
comptometer for use In the oomnie3X»lal department of the 
school. 

For some time it had been recognized that a suitable 
athletic field should be provided for the use of the high 
school teams, but although caioh time and labor had been 
spent by a special committee appointed to look for a field, 
no satisfactory place could be found. In June of this year, 
a conference was held with a representative of the Wood- 
bridge Speedway Company, and arrangements were made for the 
use of their propeirty by the high school for athletic pur- 
poses. Some time later, the Board authorized the expendi- 
ture of a few hundred dollars to place the grounds in condi- 
tion and the Speedway beoaae the official athletic field. 
The high school football team first used the field for "Uie 
season of 1932. 

The high school salary schedule was now revised and 

the following schedule adopted unanimously: 

"The minimum salary for inexperienced 

teachers $1700 

Ho minimum for experienced teachers 



282 



"Yearly Increment g to be: 

At the end of the Isi year $100 

At the end of the 2nd year. 150 

At the end of the 3rd year 200 

and thereafter #200 per year until the 

maximim ie reached. 

"The maximaia salary shall be 3500 

per year. All salary Increases shall be based 
entirely on efficiency. Reoomnendatlons for 
salary Increases shall be made by the super- 
vising principal and the school principals 
in conference. 

"This schedule shall not be retroactive. It 
shall be applicable the next school without 
reference to the old schedule, "—l 

It was also provided that in the elementary grades 
the annual increment of $100 should continue imtil the 
super-maximum of -$2500 was reached. It was provided, 
too, that the salaries of teachers who had reached th« 
#1800 maximum previously fixed, should commence to 
increase again from that point at #100 per year up to 
the #2500. At the saiae tine it was agreed that salaries 
of principals should increase as per the higsh school 
schedule. Including married female principals. 

On May 13, 1929, Messrs. Howell, Filer, and Ensign, 
the Building Committee on the Sewaren addition, having 
reported the need ot further finances owing to an error 
in the previous estimate given, a special meeting of 
the district voters was ordered to authorize the Board 
to raise the further sum of #26,000 to complete the 
building. 

It had been customary previously for teachers and 
principals to be paid their salaries in ten equal install- 

1 Minutes of Board of Education. 



283 



aents eoinolding iirlth the school year, September to June, 
hut a request tx^n the principals to be paid by the cal- 
endar month was received and granted on June 10. 

Hiss Marion Lookwood, the school nurse, resigned be- 
cause she had been appointed to a better position else- 
where. 

At this same meeting, the sum of ^800 was appropri- 
ated for athletic purposes in the township. 

Zselin, No. 15, had now become so crowded that at 
the meeting on July 15, the Board authorized thd purchase 
of a two-room portable at a cost of #5300. 

The recently organized band had created so much in- 
terest that an appropiration of |800 for musical instru- 
ments and music was readily granted at the same meeting. 

At the invitation of the Board, Dr. Allan d, Ireland 
of the State Health Department, attended the Board meeting 
on August 12 and gave an instructive address on school- 
nurse activities, and aleo advised the Board to employ two 
nurses Instead of one. In accordance with this advice, 
Miss Henrietta Koyen and Miss Rose Hash were appointed 
school nurses for the ensuing school year at Salaries of 
|1800 each, and automobiles were provided for their trans- 
portation. 



384 



At the October 21 meeting, an appropriation of ISOO 
was granted for township pbyeioal training purposes. An- 
other progressive step in ousio was taken by the appoint- 
ment of Mr, Theodore Rodps as bandmaster for two days per 
week. 

So many demands were being made for the use of the 
auditoriums and gymnasiums in the township, that the fol- 
lowing resolution was presented by a special committee sjid 
passed unanimously: 

*That all auditoriums and gymnasiums be 
charged for at prices speoifled on past 
minutes, excepting to such organlz^atlcns 
specifically exempted on such minute s, 
and no deviation be made from such ruling. 
The rates to be charged are as follows; 

High School Auditorium $50 

• ■ " and oaf eteria. ... 50 

• * n n gymnasium. ... 50 
R N n « "and 

cafeteria. ... 60 

• " Cafeteria 25 

■ " Oymnasium 25 

All other school auditoriums 20 

« « « courts 15 

At the annual school elections held Pebiniary 11, 1930, 
the Board was authorized to purchase a plot of land on the 
south side of School No. 11, at a price not to exceed $21,000 
oa which to erect an addition. 

On April 28, the request of Mr. Isaac Glliiuly, a teacher 
la the high school who had many years* service, to permit him 
to retire at the closing of the school year was granted. 



285 



In order to give the pupils at Fords, Mo. 7, better 
facilities for mamial tralnlns and household arts, Mr. J. 
K. Jensen was directed to drav plans for a brick addition 
at the rear of the building for that purpose. 

HVhen the Board met on June 50, the meeting was called 
to order by the president and, on motion, adjourned for one 
week out of respect to the memory of Mr. Benjamin Walling, 
a meober of the Board who had recently died. He was 
first elected to the Board on March 20, 1917, and had 
served continuously since. Tei^ few public servants give 
freely the amount of time that Mr. Walling gave to his 
duties as Chairman of the Repair and Supply Committee of 
the Board of Education. His knowledge of business methods 
was of gz^at service to the Boai»d and made him peculiarly 
efficient in the discharge of his Board duties. Th© oom- 
munlty lost a valuable and worthy citizen In the death of Hr. 
Walling. 

At the suggestion of the 8upei»vlsing principal, the 
Trustees adopted the policy of appointing non-teaching 
principals for schools having elg^t or more class rooms. 
The expense of this was met partly by abolishing the offioe 
of primary supeirvisor. 



286 



The Vacancy caused by the death of Mr. VTalllng was 
now filled by the appolntnent of Mr. Ernest Moffett, a 
man of college training and an old Woodbrldge graduate, 
the fledond graduate of the local school to receive that 
honor, the other being Mr. Roy Anderson. 

During the past school year, the two school nurses 
had cooperated with the B. P. 0. E. of Rahway in their 
■Crippled Kiddles Oaiapalgn'' and a oommunloation was re- 
ceived from that organization by the Board ooranendlng the 
excellent work done by the nurses, 

■When the School Boai»d met on October 6, the auper- 
vielng principal presented an Interesting chart based on 
a school census taken under his direction. The discus- 
sion that followed, resulted in the presentation of a re- 
solution by Mr. M. P. Dunigan, calling for additional 
school aocoramodations at School U consisting of twelve 
class rooms to cost, together with furniture and other 
necessary equipment, a sun not to exceed |140,000. Also 
a second resolution was passed, that a special meeting of 
the voters be called for October 28 to authorize the 
Board to proceed with the work. 

When a delegstlon of citizens from the Strawberry 
Hill section appeared before the Board on October 20, and 
requested a school for that part of the school district, 
they were assured that their request would be presented 



to the voters In February of the next year. 

The special election for October 38 was held and. the 
resolution of the Boa3xL, regarding an addition to No. 11, 
vas passed unanimously. 

In the interests of the hi^ school athletic depart- 
ment, the president of the Board appointed Mr, Mai4: MeOlain, 
Mr. E. 0. Snslgn, Mr. A. 0. Perry, Mr. H. U, Benkert (ath- 
letic coach), and Ur. M. P. Ounlgan as an Advisory Gon- 
Qltte*. 

On January 19, economic conditions in the township 
had beccne very bed and were reflected in the condition of 
many of the school children. Relief measures, undertaken 
by the Red Cross and the township authorities, were sup- 
ported by voluntary contributions of |2.00 each month from 
each teacher for a period of three months, conunenclng in 
January. 

History began to reoeat itself when the following re- 
solution was submitted to the Board on January 19: 

"Resolved that at the annual election to 
be held on Febmxary 10, 1931, the fol- 
lowing proposals shall be submitted to 
the legal voters of the district, and 
that the same shall be stf.ted in the 
notices of the election. " 

The first proposal was to authorize the Board to pu3>- 

ehase a plot of land on Strawberry Hill on. which to erect 

a school for the sum of ^20,000. The second proposal was 



288 



to authorize the Board to erect a six-room building on the 
plot vfhloh, together with furniture ^nd other necessary 
equipnent, should not exceed a cost of ^70,000, Both pro- 
posals were approved by the voters, Mr, J. K. Jensen was 
appointed as architect to draw plane for the new school 
and Mr, Jaraes Filer, Mr. Wlllard Dunham, and Mr. Mark Ko- 
Olain were appointed as a Building Committee. 

Again history reper:ted itself when the Board assigned 
the number "three" to the proposed new school, ti is nunber 
being the one that used to designate the old Rahway Neck 
School. Contracts for the Strawberi^ Hill School were a- 
wardfcd April 28, and Miss Mildred Bettman was elected as 
principal of the school to aesuiae her duties when the 
building was completed. 

On September 21, the Chairman of the Building Committee, 
having charge of the addition to School No. 11, reported 
that the school was ready for opening. 

The question of defining the district lines for the 

new school on Strawberxy Hill now came up and the boundai'ies 

were fixed as foil owe: 

■All of Second Street; all of Pulton Street 
south of Second Street; all of Cutter's 
Land; Amboy Avenue to Second St-'eet, rJid 
all of Bunn's Lane." — 1 

1 Minutes of Board of Education, 



289 



On Deoenber 21, 1931, a letter was received from the 
llanufacturers* Association of Woodbridge, requesting the 
Board to talce steps to reduce school expenses for the com- 
ing ^e&i'. The clerk of the Board was directed to n:>tify 
the Association that every effort would be made to meet 
their request. 

A letter was also received from the township Teachers' 
Association notifying the Board that they were willing to 
cooperate with them in their efforts to reduce school ex- 
penses by relinquisliing the scheduled salary Increments for 
the ensuing year. 

In 1932, the nation-wide, and also v;orld-wide finan- 
cial depression which had folloi^ed the great stock narket 
debacle of 1929 was being reflected in the schools sJLl over 
the country, fejiy citizens and industrial, plants were un- 
able to pa^' their taxes, resulting in a great shortage of 
school fmids. Taxpayers associations were being organized 
In practically e \ery muniolpality for the purpot3e of in- 
fluencing municipal budgets. In some coianiunitleg, "scrip* 
began to be used in whole or in part, to pay teachers* 
salaries. Legislation was being demanded to give govern- 
ing bodies the power to reduce salaries v/ithout v/hich, be- 
cause of the Tenure of Office Act, it could not be done. 
School mfitters in t^sneral v/ere getting into a chaotic con- 



290 



dltlon and Woodbrldge township was hit harder than many 
others because of debt service and nox^-payaient of taxes. 

Budget-slashing began to be the order of the dajr and 
Woodbrldge School Board was no exception. At the first 
meeting In the new year, the budget for the ooialng year 
was discussed, but little progress was made. At the meet- 
ing January 11, 1932, the Board received a visit from the 
township principals, and vai^ious economies, particularly in 
regard to salary cuts, were taken up, A vote of the nenbers 
was then taken on the question of asking the tovmship tea- 
chers to take a salary reduction of 8 1/S^ for the ensuing 
ye^j?, all voting in the af f linaatlve , The principals then 
retired after notifying the Board ths.t the officials of 
the Teachers* Association would be 3.nforaed, and rs<iuested 
to bring the matter before the teaching body at the 
earliest aonent. 

On Janija ry 15, at the meeting of the Board of Sduoation, 
the following letter was received fron the Teachers* Associa- 
tion: 

•*The township Teachers* Association, at a 
meeting held on Tuesday aftexTio on, January 
12, 1932, rejected the t)roposal to donate 
to txie township, a sure equal to one-twnlfth 
of eaoh nionthly check. The followir^s is a 
report of the ballot: 

Total number of votes cast 193 

Votes "No» 191 

Votes "Yes* 1 

Votes "Rejected* 1 

Total 7193" 



Sfl 



Another meeting of the Teaohera* Association was 
held Monday, Jaunary 18, at whloh the following resolu- 
tions were passed: 

**Be It resolved by the Teaohers* Associa- 
tion of Woodbrldse township that, to 
assist the Board of Education in their 
efforts to reduce the school budget for 
the school year of 1932-33, the following 
plan be adopted: 

1, The employees of the township Board 
of Education, including teachers, 
clerics, nurses, custodian, etc., 

b« divided into four groups as fol- 
lows, determined by the contractual 
salary received: 

Group 1 #1200 01800 

" 2 1825 2400 

" 3 2425 3000 

" 4 3025 and up 

2. That the employees in Qroxxp 1 contri- 
bute |4.00 per month for ten months, 
oommenoing September, 1932. 

That the employees in Group 2 contri- 
bute |6.00 per month, etc 

That the employees in Group 3 contri- 
bute $8.00 per month, etc 

That the employees in Group 4 contri- 
bute llO.OO per month, etc.... 

"And be it further resolved that the contri- 
bution is understood to be entirely voluntary 
on the part of the employees, and in no way 
considered a reduction in salary anc" shall not 
be construed in any way as interfer Ing with 
the provisions of the Tenure of Office Act. 

"And be it further resolved that the teachers 
and other employees receive their full salary 
check according to contract, and the donation 
aforesaid be returned by the individual em- 
ployee to the Board of Education and accredit- 
ed to the proper accounts. 



29S 



"Be It further resolved that we look with 
disfavor upon the matter of comparison of 
contributions for this iDurpose among the 
veu:»lous township employee groups; and 
that such groups shall act as their res- 
pective members see fit, and that in no- 
wise shall responsibility for their act 
be placed upon the employees of the Boai»d 
of Education. This action on the part of 
the teachers is not contingent upon the 
oontrlbution of any other municipality em- 
ployed group. "--1 

This offer on the pajrt of their employees was unani- 
mously accepted by the Board, 

When the annual school election tocSs. place in Feb- 
ruary, tlie manual training item was defeated, and accord- 
ing to school law another election was called for the pu3>- 
pose of revoting on this question. The special election 
was held and the manual training amount was approved. 

This being the Bl-Oentennial Year of the birth of 
Gkiorge Washington, great preparations had been made by the 
Federal Authorities for its observance. Programs suitable 
for the occasion were given In thousands of schools all 
over the country and Woodbridge schools did their part. 
Every school xN3om in the township had received from Wash- 
ington, D. C, a handsome lithograph of ••The Father of 
His Country, * Special progr-^ms were prepared in every 
school and several complete mimeographed copies were made, 
bound in book from, and filed in the high school library for 
preservation. The Board of Education received invitations 

1 Minutes of Board of Sducatlon, 



29S 



to attend the so oxeroises and majoy m&mberB did so. 

In line with the policy of the Boerd to aoqulre school 
pspoportles, the Custodian of School Funds was inetruotod 
by the Board on April 4, to pay Hioholas Lannie ^6500 for 
the plot of land at the roar of and adjoining Avenol school 
with the first fundt araHable. The purchase of this pro- 
perty had been approved previously by the voters, 

Hr. Louis E» tieyer, tonmsliip attendance officer died 
and Kr. N, P. Jensen suooeeded hlai. Sir. Ueym^ vas a kind, 
syiapathetle nan of high ideals and perfonaed his duties in 
a vexy efficient laanner. He appreolat«4 the responsibility 
of his position and oooptfttted to the fullest extent with 
the administration. The Board lost a valuable eioployee in 
his death and the ooaiaitnity a good oitlKen. 

At the Board meeting on UB;t 24, the sttpervising princi- 
pal reported the i:«*obability of a large increase in the hi^^ 
school enrollment for 19o2»33, basing his prediction upon 
the effects of the iirevailing business depression and the 
very iBT&i enrollment in the eighth grades. The situation 
was so evident that the Board deoided to ereot a fraiae annex 
of five rooras at the z^ar of the hig^ school building at a 
cost not to exceed '>10,000, including the necessary equip- 
ment. Up, J, K, Jensen, arohlteotj was dli»eoted to draw 
plans and submit then for oonsiderr tion. The plans met with 



8»4 



the approval of the Trustees and during the summer, the 
building was erected and oompleted for less than $9000, 
the cost being paid from the repair fund. 

The peak of school appropriations had been reached 
in the school budget for 1932 when the taxpayers were 
called upon to provide |551,459.58 for school piu:»TX)ses. 

Mazqr persons and industries not being able to pay 
their taxes, a considerable portion of the school moneys 
oould not be collected. The effect of this was felt 
heavily in the schools in the curtailing of supplies of 
all kinds and much delay in payment of salaries when they 
became due. However, when the school year ended in Jxine, 
all salai^ payments had been met in full. 



2Cr^4 




W. H. 5. SAND 



295 



CHAPTER XV 
Sumnary 
SCHOOL COKSTRUCTIOH ENDS 

School budgets began to Increase rapidly. 
The Board votes moi»e time for the special subjects 
In the school curriculum. 

A new school at Woodbridge and an addition to 
Fords authorized by the voters l&sqf 27, 1919. 

School nurse appointed and a salary bonus granted 
to teachers to become effective Januaa:^ 1, 1920. 

Mr. Frsd Shotwell succeeds Mr, 0. P. 3utterv;ick 
as principal of the high school. 

Teachers' salaries improved by resolution April 
1921. Special election held May 18, 1921 and a school 
at Sewaren authorized at a cost not to exceed |50,000, 

Mr. Fred Shotwell resigns and is succeeded by 
Mr. Lee Woodman as principal of Barron Avenue High. 

Oolonia residents begin to agitate for a school. 
An addition to Avenel school authorized by the voters 
November 14, 1921 at a cost not to exceed #65,000. 

February 14, 1922 the Board authorised to erect 
a school at Oolonia at a cost not to exceed |53,400, 
and an addition to Hopelavm at a cost of $55,000. 



906 



The first women laeiabera of the 3oaM elected 
February l£>:i2. ISr, H. A. Tapr)en resign* fron tlie 
Board Mj-pcfii 30, and JjJt, lielvln H. Olum euooeoda him 
as Prosident. 

The tdaohlns o^ Itorlft In the school a authorized 
txj the Board thle year. 

The purchase of school lots at Rox>elft\m, Fords 
BHA Pvort irleadingn the erection of a new school at 
Fords » and additions to BArron ATGime i^hool and Port 
Rsadlng, totalllne $455,000, were authorized Tagr the 
^tsrs February Ifl, 1924* 

Mr. Arthur C« Ferry succeeds Hr. liee Woodasn 
as principal of the high school Septsiabar ldS5. 

Additi<mal nonsj raised to oomplete Barron Avwiue, 
Port Jleadlns and Fords tehools. 

Felaruaiy 9, 19S6, the voters authorize the srcotlon 
of a new school at Xselln at a cost of ^10,000 and 
m addition to Keasbey at a cost not to sxoresd ^115« 
000. 

A now salaiy st^dulo for elecMmt^ypy teachers 
adopted tiy the Board this yocce*. 

Mr. John Lf^hey medhar of ths Board died January 17, 
102?. Two portable build inf.s transfen^ed frata Iselln 
to meet Inoreased enrolla^nt at ATsnsl. 



297 



March 6, 1928, the voters authorize an addition 
to Hopelawn at a cost not to exceed $45,000 and a 
fouavroom addition to the high scshool at a cost of 
$25,000, Salary schedules again improved for teachers, 

A bandiaaster appointed for the to\mship October 
1028, Additional land purchased for school No. 11 
February 11, l&SO. Kr. Benjamin Walling, member of 
the Board died, and Mr. Ernest Hoffett was appointed 
to succeed him. 

October 28, 1930, the voters authorized the erection 
of an addition to School No. 11 at a cost not to exceed 
$140,000, 

At the annual election February 10, 1931, the tax- 
payers authorize the purehaee of land and the erect ioa 
of a ne^ school on Strawberry Hill at a cost net to 
exceed ^0,000. 

Deiaands for eohool rctrencliiiients and economies 
begin Decenber 1951. Teachers volunteer to relinquish 
Salary increments for the next year, 

January 18, 1932, the teachers grant a portion of 
their salaries to assist in budget reduction. Bi- 
centennial of birth of (Jeorge V/ashlngton celebrated. 
Budget of 1952 for school year 1952-33 reaches the peak 
of school appropriations— ^551,459,58. 



%H 



CHAPTER XVI 
OVER THE PEAK 

Shortly after the re-openlng of schools in September, 
several delegates from the local Taxpayers* Association 
presented themselves at a meeting of the school board and 
urged a reduction in the school budget for the current year. 
Mr. Ernest Moffett, speaking for the finance committee, 
outlined the attitude of the school board in the matter and 
after several expressions of goodwill, the delegates re- 
tired. 

At the same board meeting, a number of citizens from 
Hagaman Heights appeared and requested transportation from 
that section to the Port Reading school. Certain grades of 
school children had been transpoirted previously but it had 
been discovered that the route did not conform to the legal 
requirements of the State Department of Education for free 
transportation thus necessitating a discontinuance of the 
sez*vlce. However, the Board agreed to take up the matter 
again with the proper authorities and see what could be 
done. 

Supervising Principal John H. Love notified the 3oai-d 
that infantile paralysis had appeared in School No. 1 and 
that the State Health Department had advised him not to 
close the school as had been suggested. The Board approved 
this policy. 



298 



899 



Owing to lack of enployment for many young people, 
because of the eoononio depression, several applications 
for postgraduate work had been received by the high school 
principal. The high school department being considerably 
overcrowded, a resolution that graduates of the school be 
refused admission for the present year was passed unanimous- 
ly by the Board. 

November the Slat, the supervising principal was 
directed to arrange for bedside instruction to be given 
James Lukides, a high school student, unable to attend 
regular classes because of a severe form of personal ill- 
ness. 

Again, a delegation from the Taxpayers* Association 
appeared before the Board. Budget matters were discussed and 
the thanks of the association tendered to the Board for the 
communication lately received from the chairman of the 
Finance Committee. 

A rather unusual event, was the appearance of the 
Mayor of the Township, Mr, William Byan and Township At- 
torney Mr. Henry St. Lavin at this meeting by the express 
Invitation of the Board. A friendly and enlightening dis- 
cussion of Woodbridge Township finances, particularly as 
they related to the School Board was held and at the ter- 
mination of the discussion the following resolution was 



JlffZ-l 




Joo/^ 




301 



not to exceed twenty per oent (20^) over 
a period of years, provided that said 
reduction apply to the ?/hole group and 
not to anyone Individual teacher In any 
school system. " 

!Phe meeting of the School Board January 20, 1935, was 
meiaorable because of certain change e brought about, partly 
under pressure from the Taxpa^'-ers* Association, and also 
undei*taken as an eoonoay measure initiated by the Board, 

At the pluvious meeting, the Supervising Principal 
had submitted a new plan of operating the High School for 
the coming year under which this department would be In 
continuous session fi^a 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. One very 
important feature of the plan was that, in his opinion, 
there would be no necessity of further additions to the 
High School building for many years and that in all proba- 
bility the recently erected annex at the rear of the school 
could be closed, thus saving the cost of its operation sjQd 
maintenajace. The preparation of the scheme and its detailed 
working out was the result of more than a year's oo-opera- 
tlve study by the High School principal Mr. Arthur 0. Perry 
and the Supervising Principal as their contribution to the 
several economy measures under oonsidei'atlon. On motion, 
the report was adopted unanimously with a few minor changes 
as to time of opening and closing. 

Another radical step undertaken by the Boeird, was the 
reduction of the principals of School Nos. 4, 8, 10, and 12 



302 



to grade positions but without any reduction of salary or 
change in title. The poBitiona of Art Supearvisor and of 
Assistant Music Supervisor were also abolished, follow- 
ing out the new econorny policy that had previously thrown 
out the Kindergarten Department at School No. 1. 

A suggestion that the township teachers bo requested 
to submit to a twenty per cent (2(^) reduction in salary 
for the next school year was discussed, the secretary 
being directed to oonimunicate with the Teachers* Associ- 
ation in regard to the matter, a report on their action to 
be presented at a meeting of the Board to be held at 
8 p.m. January 26th, Whan the meeting took place, a let- 
ter from the Teachers' Association was read in which a 
counter proposition of a ten per cent reduction was made 
but which was refused by the Board, further instructions 
being given to the District Clerk to request a reconsider- 
ation of the original proposition by the teachers. This 
was done , resulting in their acceptance of the twenty 
per cent cut. 

When the election for Board members occurred in 
February, a total of 2783 votes was oast, Mr. James Filer 
receiving 1404, Ur. E. C. Snsign 1352, and Mr. Mark J. 
lloClain 1506. 

On February 20th, at a session of the Board, a pro- 
posal to change the time of the Borough, Town and Township 



•Jo^A 



WooDBRIDGEToWN5fflP-SCH®LS 




303 



sohool elections from the second Tuesday of February to 

the time of the general electiona In November was opt)08ed. 

Although a bill with this In view had been passed in the 

Stat« Legislature y the Woodbridge Sohool Board had not 

taken advantage of its proviBlona, Later on, the Aot was 

repealed. 

Acting xinder the direction of the Board, the Finance 

Ooimaittee had been making strenuous efforts to secure funds 

with which to pay the sohool teachers and as a step in this 

direction, the following motion was passed Maroh 8th, 1935: 

"Whereas, it has been shown to this Board 
that the Township Cocanittee will be unable 
to furnish to this Board the funds re- 
quired to pay the arrears of salary of its 
employees, and a ooramittee of township 
officials has proposed that the Township 
issue its Tax Revenue Bonds in small deno- 
Eiinatlons, payable in June with a low rate 
of interest but receivable at any time in 
payment of tajcss in araounts sufficient with 
a portion of cash to cover the arrears to 
January 1st, tte it 

Resolved: that the Board will co-operate 
with the townsliip officials and will offer 
such bonds to its employees." 

At a later meeting of the Board, a delesation of the 
Township Teachers* Association was present to whom the bond- 
payaient proposition was explained, <► 

On Itaroh 29th, the Boai^ of Education organized for 

the coming year, Mr. Melvin H. Olom being re-elected to the 

presidency an& Mr. Msturiee P, Dunigan as Vice-President. 

♦Bonds, known as "Baby Bonds" were issued in denomina- 
tions of ten and twenty-five dollars and were all sold 
in due time by the employees. 



304 



In April, the community was shocked by the death oX 

Br. Olmn which occurred at his residence In Fords on the 

10th Instant. A special meeting of the Board was held 

on the 17th when the followlns resolution was passed and 

placed on record: 

"Resolved; that the merabers of the Board 
desire to record their profound sorrow 
at the death of Melvln H. Clum, who was 
elected to this Board March 18, 1907, and 
who has sei*ved continuously ev^r since, 

Mr. 01UBi*8 wise and helpful counsel, broad 
sympathies and kindly presence endeared 
him to all of us and he will be gi^eatly 
missed. 

In his passing away, Woodbridge Township 
has suffered a distinct loss. 

The nevaory of ills faithful, unselfish, 
service, always cheerfully given, will be 
an inspiration to us who were privileged 
to be hl8 associates. 

In our sorrow, we recognize the greater 
Srief of his family to whoa we offer our 
deepest sympathy. Also be It 

Resolved: that an engrossed copy of these 
resolutions be forwarded to the family of 
Mr. Olum. « 

Previous plans for reducing salai'ies of all School- 
Board employees for 1953-34 culminated In the following mo- 
tion which was passed unanimously Hajj^ 15th: 

"Koved and oaj'ried the salaries of all school 
employees of the Board under Tenure of Office 
be fixed at 30^ of their last respective con- 
tract salaries, pursuant to the provision 
of Chapter 12 of the Laws of 1933." 



o^A 




305 



"Moved and carried that salaries of all 
eraployeea not under teixizre will "be 80^ 
of last contract salary, excepting me- 
dical inspectors and cleric of Schoola 
#7 and #14. " 

The 20J^ reduction was applied also to the salarie* 
of the school nurses, the attendance officer, district 
clerk and custodian of school funds. 

A unanimous vote of the Board elected 5a*. Haurioe P. 
Dunigan as president to succeed the late Mr, Melvln Cliua, 
and Mr. Roy Anderson as Vice President to succeed Hr. Dun- 
isan. 

Seeing no pz»ospeot of their delinquent salaries be- 
ing paid before the close of the schools for the summer, the 
teachers had engaged the services of Mr. Julius Kass, a 
young Perth Amboy lawyer, as their counsel and as their 

On \JUTie 19 

representative,^ he appeared before the Board — to 

present a report on an investigation he had made into 

school and munioipal affaire. 

Pollowlng a discussion of the report, a motion was 

made and carried: 

*That the Township of Woodbrldge be requested 
to pay over to the Custodian of School Moneys 
forthwith the balance of the appropriation 
for school purposes for the school year end- 
ing June 30, amounting to |215,175.84, all of 
which h£t.s heretofore been specifically re- 
quested. " 

and a second motion 

"That the Township be requested If payment 



506 



cannot be made In cash, to pay the State 
and County school taxes remaining unpaid 
since February first of this yeaj:*, pur- 
suant to an act relating to the financ- 
ing of schools approved May the 10th, 
1933, being Chapter 156 of the Lav/s of 
this year (sxcepting the ten per cent of 
the State School Tax which must be paid 
in oash) in order thpt the County Treas- 
urer may laake payment in scrip or other- 
wise the amounts of the State appoirtlon- 
ment ;7iiioh is due the district and pay- 
ment of which has been prevented by the 
failure of the townslilp heretofore to 
pay sucfe taxes to the County Treasurer, 
unless the township authorities oeji ma&e 
some other and better adjustment of suoh 
liability." 

Mr. Willard Dunham, the member from Fords, reported 
the death of the janitor of School No. 14, Jir. Philip 
Fisher. In the passing of Mr. Fisher, the Board lost a 
faithful employee and the to-smshlp an excellent citizen. 

The next meeting of the Board was held June 30th, at 
which time Supervising Principal John H. Love tendered his 
resignation to take effect at once, thus bringing to a close 
his long period of service in the Woodbridge school system. 

The action of Mr. Love came somewhat as a shock to 
most of the members of the Board, but for almost a year he 
had been considering suoh a step. Under the provisions of 
the Teachers* Pension and Aniiuity Fund of New Jersey, he 
had been eligible for retirement for a number of years, but 
being still educationally and physically active, he had 
deferred his ultimate decision. 



307 



The Boai»d accepted the resignation with regret and 
the Teachers • Soinmittee was instructed to draw up a re- 
solution to that effect and present it to Mr. Love. 

The following is Mr. Love' s letter to the Board: 

"Board of Education, 
Woodbridge, N. J, 

Gentlemens 

It is with the deepest regret that I 
tender ajy resignation as Supervising Principal 
of the Woodbridge Township sohools, to take 
effect at the close of the present month. 

Aa probably many of you ai'e aware, I 
have liad this raatter under consideration for 
considerable time, but have now definitely de- 
cided to take this important step, 

Uy object in resigning is to take ad- 
vantage of the pension for which I have been 
eligible for a long time and to devote the re- 
Eialning active years of mj life to literature 
or to soae field of endeavor allied to the one 
in which I have been directly and happily oc- 
cupied so long. 

When I view the trenendous development 
of the Woodbridge Township schools since becom- 
ing connected with them in 1895, I feel that it 
has been the gr'eatest honor and privilege any 
man could have had accorded to him to have had 
a part in the building up of such an organiza- 
tion for the benefit of the youth of this com- 
munity. 

In order that the Board aay not be 
hurried in choosing my successor, I shall be 
happy to donate ay services for any reasonable 
period of time that may be necessaiy to nal:e a 
careful selection for the important office I am 
now Vacating. 

My pei'sonal thaiifcs are extended to the 
Board collectively and individually for the con- 



308 



fldence they have always reposed in me and for 
the loyal support and co-operation I .xave re- 
ceived so unetlntingly without which ray path 
would have been difficult indeed. 

It is ray slncei^e wish that this aame 
spirit he passed on to my successor whoever he 
may be." 

< Signed) John H. Love 

Dated June 24, 1935. 

Beginning as high school teaching principal in the 
township in September 1895, and a few years later being 
placed in ohsr^e of the entire township system, Mr. Love 
sfiw the old type of •♦country schcol" disappear, and in 
its place arise the present group of structures, modem 
la arolilteoture and appointments. 

When the present high school building was opened in 
September 1911, Mr, Love was its first principal^ combining 
that position with his supei-visory duties. 

As the enrollment in the higji school department in- 
creased, it soon became evident that the two positions must 
be separated and from a large number of applicants, Mr. 
Arthur 0, Sides Ph. D. was selected 6ind appointed as prin- 
cipal of the High School and Mr. Love was released to give 
his whole time to the supervisory work. 

Beginning with a school property valuation of a little 
more than 030,000, which has increased to a valuation of over 
$2,250,000, and with a group of less than twenty teachers. 



3Q> 



reaching t-wo hundred at the time of hie retirement, Mr. 
Love, In hl8 thirty-eight years of service achieved a 
unique place in his chosen field of i^orfe. 

The educational upheaval ns a result of the great 
economic depression throughout the country did not leave 
Woodbridi^e unscathed. Let us hope that the marka will 
not be permanent. 

With confidence in the ability of those who guide 
the destiny of our schools, and with faith that the future 
has even finer things in store for the good and welfare of 
our children, we believe that a new and greater era in the 
educational history of Woodbrldge has begun. 



^C/Cr /V 



<cy 



wooDMiDGE Township scH??i5 




309JJ 



CHAPTER XVI 
Summary- 
Taxpayer s* Association request reduction In eobool 
Isudget. Hasan»an Heights citizens request resumption of 
transportation facilities to Port Reading School. 

Infantile paralysis appears. 

Graduates of High School refused permission for 
post-graduate work. 

Bedside instruction ordered for slok pupil. 

Taxpayers • Association delegates again appear before 
Board, 

Mayor William Ryan and Township Attorney appear at 
Board meeting to discuss finances. 

Board orders resolution printed requesting coopera- 
tion with them by payment of taxes. 

Rei^plution relating to Tenure of Office Act passed. 

Superintendent Principal Love submits new plan for 
operation of High School as an economy measure. 

Principals of fo\xr schools made "teaching* principals. 

Teachers' AssoBlatlon grant the request of the Board 
for a twenty per cent salary reduction. 

Hessifs. Filer, Ensign, and McOlaln re-elected to 
Board. 



309 C 



fhe Board opposes ohansing time of Boroug}!, Town, 
and School elections. 

Board resolves to cooperate with Township Committee 
by accepting "Baby* bonds for school employees, 

Hr. IfielTln H. dusi again elected president of Board 
and Ur. U. P. Dunigan Vice President, March 29. 

Death of Mr. Clum in April. 

Resolutions adopted and recorded on death of Presi- 
dent M. H. Clum. 

Resolution passed reducing salaries of school employees 
for 1933-34, 

Mr. Haurice P. Bunigan succeeds the late Uelvin H, 
Olua as President and Mr. Roy Anderson elected Vice Presi- 
dent, 

Mr, Julius Kass appears before the Board in behalf of 
the Township teachers. 

Township Committee petitioned by Board for financial 
assistance. 

Mr, Philip Fisher, Janitor of School #14 dies. 

Supervising Principal, John H, Love, tenders his 
resignation to take effect as of June 30, which is accepted 
with regret. 



CHAPTER XVII 
WOODBRIDGE TOV/NSHIP TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION 

Mention h.ps been made of this association in a previous 
chapter. Its present forrn took shape in 1952 when Mr. Harry 
Sechrist v/as elected its first president and Miss Ruth A. 
Niimbers, a teacher in School EO. 15 its first secretary. 

Much of its earlier activities followed along the lines 
of previous programs, hut as the financial condition of the 
schools became affected by the general depression, discussions 
arose within the organization concerning the financial ^ 
policies of the Board of Education, especially as they 
affected teachers' salaries, 

previous to this time, all contacts between the Board and 
the teachers had been made through the supervising principal 
but now the Board became alive to the importance of the 
Association and recognized it by dealing with the teachers 
directly through their duly elected officials on all matters 
pertaining to the general welfare of the teaching body. 

On January 12, 1932, a meeting of the organization was held 
in School No. 11 to consider a proposition of the 



310 



oil 



Board to donate ten per cent of their yearly salary as one 
step In the efforts being made to reduce school expenses. 

At a previous meeting of the association, the teachers 
had unanimously agreed to a suspension of their scheduled 
salary increments for one year, but on the new proposition 
they disagreed and defeated it by an ovemftxelming rote of 
191 to 1. 

As a matter of oonvenienoe in handling business, a 
system of delegates, one from each school, was inaugurated 
and put into practice. 

September 28, 1932, Mr. Frank Seih, an instructor in 
School No. 7, was elected president and Mr. Henry W, Beeoher 
Yioe-Presldent with Miss Ruth Numbers again as secretary. 

Disturbing rumors regarding the financial condition 
of the schools had begun to permeate the teaching staff, 
creating a highly nervous tension among them. The demon 
of the depression had begun to show its claws to the teachers. 

At a meeting held October 13th, a motion was passed 
requesting the Board of Education to appoint a committee 
from among iJs members to meet with the Teachers' Execu- 
tive Ooimnittee to discuss certain questions to be formula- 
ted and presented to the Board prior to the proposed meet- 
ing. In conformance with this request, the chairman of 
the Finance Committee of the Board, Sfie*. Ernest Moffett, 



Si2 



together with Mr. Roy Anderson met with the Teachers* Com- 
mittee and gaye them oonsiderable interesting information, 

Movember 14th, 1932, at the sugsoBtion of the Super- 
vising Principal, a oommittea of three was appointed to 
attend a aeeting of delegates from all County Teaohers* 
Associations to he held at Highland Park for the purpose 
of organizing a County Association of Teachers. This 
move on the part of the teachers was taken because of 
drastic legislation being introduced at Trenton affecting 
the whole body of teachers in the State. 

Largely at the instigation of the local Taxpayers' 

Association, the Board of Education sent a oomnunication 

to the Teachers' Association requesting a refund of twenty 

per cent of their contractual salaries for the ensuing 

year which resulted in the following letter being sent to 

the Board by President Selh: 

"The teaohei's of Woodbridge Township have 
earnestly and thoughtfully considered both 
the financial condition of the Township and 
your request that they refund (20) per cent 
of their contractual salaries for the school 
year 1935-34, both of which questions were 
so dearly presented to them by the ohair- 
man of your finance committee, Mr. Moffett. 

While appreciating the seriousness of the 
situation, members of the Teachers' Associ- 
ation are unanimously of the opinion that 
the amount of refund requested is excessive, 
and in justice to themselves and to the ob- 
ligations which they themselves are carrying 
cannot be granted. 



313 



Desirous of doing what they feel is their 
full share toward reducing the budget, the 
members of the Asaociation unanimously 
offer the Board of Education a refund of 
ten (10) per cent of their contractual 
salaries for the ensuing year of 1933-34. 

The Association wishes to express its keen 
appreciation of the fine spirit shown by 
the Board of Education in all its dealings 
with the teaching body. "—-2 

A request from the Board to reconsider this action 

resulted in the following resolution: 

"Resolved, that the neiabers of the Associ- 
ation accept the Board of Education's de- 
mand and g;rant a twenty (20) per cent re- 
fund on individual salaries for the ensuing 
school year 1955-34." ^ 

110 votes were oast for the resolution, and 69 against 
It. A motion to make the vote unanimous was defeated. 

Upon receipt of a communication from the Association noti- 
fying them of the action of the teachers, the Board directed 
the district clerk to send a letter of thariks to them for "their 
generosity. " 

As it turned out, the teachers had done voluntarily what 
an act of the legislature gave all school boards the right to 
do later without the consent of the teachers of the State. 

The teachers' rights in the Pension and Annuity Fund 
were protected by making the usual monthly deductions from 
the contractual salaries instead of from the actual salaries. 

2 Minutes of Association. 
3- 11/. c\ 



313 A 




ZXA 



As evidence of the continued financial stringency and 
ItB effect on the schools, the following letter wae sent by 
the Association to the Ivllddleaex County Senator and Assembly- 
men a copy also being sent to the State Teachers' Association 
at Trenton; 

"We respectfully solicit your careful thought 
and oonelderation of a situation In Wood- 
bridge Township, Middlesex County, which we 
believe viai'i'ants rsmedial neasui-'es by the 
State of New Jersey. As a representative 
of the State . permit us to present this situ- 
ation to you and call your attention to the 
following conditions existing in this school 
district: 

TOWH^IP OF W00DBRIDC3E 

1. Present heavy indebtedness of our town- 
ship, 

2. One of our banks closed. 

3. Unpaid public employees for 4 months. 

4. Taxes In arrears. 

5. A l.^jr-ge -school population with limited 
sources of tax revenue. 

6. A large territorial domain, costly in 
maintenance. 

7. Sotiroes of tax r^3venue llialted, due to 
(a) a very few large Industrial plants, 
(b; a large settleraent In laelln of 
small one- story houses on small lots- 
little tax revenue but many children 

to be educated. Other poor sections In 
Hopelav/n, Keaebdy, Port Reading and 
parts of Woodbrldge. A large proportion 
of nodsst homes tliroughcut the township, 

8. The condition existing In our leading 
Industries— the clay Industry, 

May we also call to your attention a tax rate 
sufficiently hlgji with a cost of education 
per pupil considerably below the average of 
our county and the state. (See state Reports) 



ol6 



Also, a drastic reduction In the school budget 
for the coming year including a twenty (20) per 
cent reduction in salary of school employees 
and a dispensing with many services. 

In view of the fact that we have made a sincere 
and efficient attempt to put our house in order 
and in the interest of equal opportunity for 
every child in the State, employees and tax- 
payers, we respectfully ask you for your con- 
sideration and assistance in aiding municipa- 
lities in our unfortunate position. 

The wide variance in the cost of education per 

pupil in the various municipalities of the 
State as shown in State Reports, cannot but 
malce us feel tho.t there Is f-r fr'om an equality 
of opportunity to the child, to those who serve 
and to those who pay the oosts. 

May '^s ask if ohs.-e is not sorae :)lan wh'^reby a 
minimum standard of education can be maintained 
throughout the State and a financial me^jis of 
assistance found for tliose municipalities which 
cannot fully carry the cost of such a minimum 
standard? 

Is it possible for tlw wealthier distrlots to 
carry any of the burden of the distressed dis- 
tricts to the extent at least of helping to 
maintain this minimum standard? 

Would a State income tax, luxury ?nd amusement 
tax, or a sales tax assist in financing of such 
a plan? It is pointed out the States of New 
York, Delaware and a few others have worked out 
a plan al "ng these lines which vorks quite ad- 
mirably. 

As a group of teachers and public school employ- 
ees, we would appreciate any support and co-oper- 
ation which you can give us at Trenton. " 

From this letter, it may be seen that the ?/oodbrldge 

teachers were fighting not only their own battle, but that of 

the teachers and ohildi^en of the whole State. Many of the 



316 



suggestions embodied in their letter irare aerioualy oon- 
aldex»ed later by the State Leslslatui'e. 

At a meeting of the Aesooiation, held March 7, 1933, 
all schoola being represented, it was decided to employ 
counsel to look after theflr interests. A oomoittee was also 
appointed to confer with the Taa:paye2**s Association, The P. 
T. Associations, and the local Merchants' Association, to 
inform them of the plight of the teachers. 

There appearing no improvement in the financial situa- 
tion, and the end of the school year being in sight without 
any visible prospect of relief, it was unanimously decided at 
a meeting held May 23rd, to send the following letter of 
appeal to each of the local newspapers, including the Perth 
Amboy Evening News, requesting publicity for it. Copies of 
the letter were also sent to State Senator Arthur Quinn, 
Assemblymen John Rafferty, John V, -Burke, Elmer Brown, and 
the secretai^r of the State Teaohere* ASBooiation; 

"May we as an organiz^'tlon of over 200 
teachers axud school employees, with the 
educational welfare of over 6000 pupils 
in our care, make an appeal to you as our 
representatives regarding a distressing 
condition in our township, with teachers 
and employees unpaid for a period of five 
months and no relief in sight? 

We find many of our nunber in want, the 
morale endangered, and the efficiency 
in the training impaired. 

Drastic reductions have been made in our 
bud/^.ets including an additional twenty 
per cent cut in our salaries and many 



517 



services liave been dispensed vrith. 

W© have a low cost of education per pupil, 
oonsidei^ably below tha,t of the average of 
the State etc, ate— -^ 1. 

On June 13th, Mr. Jxilius Kass, a rising young attorney 
of Per'th Amboy, having received an invitation from the aaao- 
oiatlon, addr*essed the teachers at a meeting held In School 
No. 11. His o-otimisia regarding his ability to collect the 
teachers' back pay, created so much enthusiasm that he was 
at once appointed the Associations' legal representative. 

One of the first steps taken by Mr. Kass ^ras to re- 
quest the teachers to make an asslgnaent of their delinquent 
seOLarles to him as he said this was 

■to facilitate the collection of the money 

due you in the event that it will be neces- 
sary to bring suit to p»3^'feect your rii^hts. * — 2. 

As another part of the Tslan of Mr. Kass In hla efforts on 
behalf of the teachers ^stated that he proposed to hold a 
series of mass meetings in the township for the purpose of 
enlightening the citizens i^egardlnE the financial condition 
of the municipality with particular emphasis on the situation 
as It affected the teachers. 

Notwithstanding the efforts of their counsel in their 
behalf, when the schools closed for the usual sunmer vaca- 
tion, no part of the delinquent salaries had been paid to the 
teachers. 



1. Association Records 

2. Ibid 



318 



Probably efforts of the teachers to secure their 
back pay would have been nore fruitful If they had beoone 
alive to their situation sooner, but school history had 
no precedent for then and they were taken unav^ares. 

As in evepy group of individuals in similar organiza- 
tions, certain members were more aggressive than others, and 
these being unamenable to reason, but perfectly honest in 
their efforts, probably did novQ daaage than good to the 
cause of the teachers. 

Loose statements, unsupported by the necessary facts, 
always are prone to cause irritation, to say the least, and 
teachers as a body, being seml-publio servants v.^ose cosipen- 
eatlon comes out of the pockets of the taxpayers are In no 
position to make threats and demands, vrhioh oftener than 
not, tend to alienate their best friends and generally in the 
long run do little good. 

The laain cause for the a&^^esslveness of the Woodbridge 
teachers, however, seened tc be in their suspicion that they 
were not receiving their Just proportion of the tex-dollar 
collected. 

Other causes irerc rusors tha.t other gi»oupe of employees 
were being paid in preference to them, and a general feeling 
that the Board of Sducation itself was not pushing their 
cause strongly enough with the Sijniolpal Authorities. 



^7~^/i\/v:B/;7?7?y N/LL . A/0.3 

77/e :/-''Ti/-or^e - /yo/ 



318 




-v^ 



219 



miatever the specific causes were, the fact remains 
that the public school teachers in Woodbrldge, as elsewhere, 
were being hit by the great economic depression Just as 
other groups of citizens had been hit much earlier, 

^en tsuces are not being paid, tax-re eel ving bodies 
must suffer. 



Sc/ioo/ A^o. /s5-. (^^e//n) , 




cyi^a^ ^<'y^A^6-/e-^ S/ratt^TT a-?r /c-zTT 



319 A 



CHAPTER XVII 
Summary 

lip. MA.rrM v?eUiW^t elected president of the new 
Teaohert* Association. 

Board recognizes the Association as medium throu^ 
which to contact teaching bocLr. 

Teachers tt,r^^^j\js^^st)ijs)s^ «IPKre %9 wMpnaMMtMi of salary 



sph^ipkUIe for one year. 

Teachers defeat proposition to grant salary dona- 
tion as economy measure. 

Delegates elected froEi each school as working com- 
mittee. 

Mr. Prank Seih elected president of the Association, 
September 28, 1932. 

Board members, Moffett and Anderson, meet with teachers, 
October 18, 1933. 

Comaittee of tiiose appointed to attend meeting at 
Highland Park. 

Ooiamunlcatlon received from the Board requesting SQJ^ 
reduction for ensuing year. 

Request granted by 110 to 69 vote. 

Teachers send letter to State Legislative representa- 
tives drawing attention to Woodbridge** financial stringency, 
and making valuable suggestions. 



319 B 



Association sends letters to all local papere 
drawing attention to non-payment of salaries. 

Mr. Julius Kass of Perth Amboy appointed legal 
representative of the Association^ June 13th ^and to 
assist in collection of back salaries. 

Delinquent salaries unpaid v*ien schools closed. 



530 

BIBLI0CHUPH3C 

1. AroMves of New Jersey, First Series, Volume 18. 

2. Clapton, W. Woodford, History of Union & Middle- 

sex Counties, New Jersey—A Compilation. 
(Everts & Peck, Philadelphia, 1882) 

3, Dally, Reverend Joseph W. , History of Woodbrldge 

and Vicinity (New Brunswlok, New Jersey, 
A. E, Gordon, 1376) 

4, Kull, Edward Irving S. A. M. , Rutgers University. 

New Jersey A History (The American Histori- 
cal Soc, Inc. New York, 1930) 

8. ',7oody, Thomas, Ph. D. Quaker Education in the 
Colony and State of New Jersey (Phila, 
U. of P. Press) 

^' T he N. E. Primer— 20th Century Reprint 

~ of Plimpton's Original, 1791 Ed«j 

7. Wall-Piokersgill, et al. History of Middlesex 

County, New Jersey. (Mew York and Chicago, 
Lewis Hlstorial Publishing Company, Inc.) 

8. Wiltohead. Wllliaja A. Contributions to the Early 

History of Perth Amboy & Adjoining Country, 
(New York, D. Apple ton & Company, 1856) 

®» M inute Book of the Trustees of the Free 

School Lands of Woodbridge April 25, 1778— 

^» W oodbridge Old Town Reooi»ds. 

^« K inute Books, Strawberry Hill School Dia- 
trlct, Jefferson School District, Academy 
School District, Woodbridge School District 
No. 24. 

®» M inute Books of the Board of Education of 
^e Township of Woodbridge 1895-1935. 

13. —,'"^^6 Independent Hour" Woodbridge, New 

Tersey, Editor Colonel Jones, 1876-77. 

I'** A nnual Reports of State Superintend- 
ents of Schools as appearing in 



sm 



15» , " Legislative Doouments" — oS the State 
of New Jersey, 

^^* R eoords Woodbrldge Township Teachers* 

Association. 

^'f' "C ondition of the Public Schools in New 

Jersey" (Middlesex County) for the years 
(1881-1890) ••—Office of County Superin- 
tendent, New Brunswick, New Jersey 



322 

APPENDIX 
BOUNDARIES OF SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 25— 
JEFFERSON. (OLD NO. 4) 

(Inoludes old Strawberry Hill District 7 which 
united with it in 1880) 

"Beginning at Cutter •b Dock; thence down Woodbrldge 
Qreeli;, ae the same runs to the N. lino of the Corporation 
of Perth Amboyj thence, with aaid line Westerly & Souther^ 
ly, to S.W. comer of Isaac Floods; thenoe N. Westerly, 
along the dividing line of I, Flood and others, to the 
main road, known as Old Brunswick Road; thence, N. Wester- 
ly, along the dividing line of Robert Coddington and Joel 
Hellck, to the Brunsv/ick, Turnpike Road, as the S.W. com- 
er of Sdward Thompson's property; thence Northerly, to 
the S. W. corner of D, Voorheea* property; thenoe still 
Northerly, along the dividing line between I. Flood and 
brother, and D. Voorhees, to an angle in the road lead- 
ing to Metuehen; thence S. to Metuchen road aGain; thence, 
Easterly, along Metuohen road to Hurd's Brook, inoludlng 
residents and their properties on both sides of the road; 
thenoe, K. Easterly, along said brook to N. W, corner of 
the land of Ellis Drake; thence, running S. through Valen- 
tines' Lane, to Main Street| thenoe E. to Fulton Street; 
thence S. , down Fulton Street to the road leading to Cut- 
ter »s Dock; thenoe E. along said road, taking both sides OJP 
it, to the place of beginning. " 



BOUNDAI^IES OF SCHOOL 

OISTRIOT 

No. 24~Acadenar 

"Beginning at Cutter's Dock, and running W. along 
Cutter's Road to the foot of Fulton Street, Including 
the H. side of said road; thence along Fulton Street, 
to Main Street; thence along Main Street to Valentine's 
liane; thence down said Lane to Kurd's Brook; thence 
up Kurd's Brook, until it crosses Metuohen Road, corres- 
ponding with the line of District S5| thenoe W, along 
Betuolien road, to the road leading to the Poor House, 
exoepting residents and their properties on both sides 
of Said roadj thence through the road called New Lane, 
to the Uniontown Road, taking only S. side of said Road; 
thenoe up said Uniontown Road to and including Mr, 
Hoover's fam; thenoe N.E. through the new Boulevard 
Road, to Queen Ann's Highway; thence H. E, to Avenel 
Station, on W. ft A. R. R. ; thenoe, N. Easterly, to 
the road fron Woodbrldge to Rahway, at and Including 
the place of Samuel Meeker; thenoe S. E. along Douglas 
Avenue, to David Blairs, not included; thenoe, E, and 
Southerly, along the road passing hy Albeart D. Brown's 
Smith's Creek, including all residents on the W. side 
of said road; thenoe following said creek to the Sound; 

Hots: Queen Ann's Highway later called 
King fiAorge's ?ost Road. 

323 



I 



i 



324 



thence down the Soims to Woodbridse Greek; thence up eald 
Woodbrldge Creek to Gutter's Dock, place of beginnlns. 



325 



TR08TESS 

Prom Records of Strawberry Hill #7 
Record Book opened April 7, 1841 

Later Joined with Jeffereon School District 1860 



1841 

Augustus Coddington 
David N. Denarest 
Peter Melick 
Ephralm Cutter 
James M. Tappen 

1845 

David K, Demarest 
Jaraes M, Tappen 
Hajapton Cutter 
Peter Keliok 
Charles M, Dally 

1846 

Peter Meliok 
David K. Demarest 
Hampton Cutter 
Jeremiah Dally 
Jonathan H, Dr'ake 

1847 

David N. Declare at 
Jei^miah Dally 
Jonathan H. DraJce 
Hanpton Cutter 

1848 

Peter Melick 
Hampton Gutter 
Jonathan H. Drake 
Jeremiah Dally 

1849 

Samuel Snsign 
Willlaa Inslee 
S. V. Hollister 
William Cutter 
D. N. Demarest 

1850 

Probably as in 1849 



1851 

William Inslee 
Samuel S. Ensign 
William Cutter 

1852 

William Inslee 
Samuel S. Ensign 
Hampton Cutter 

1855 

William Inalee 
Hampton Cutter 
David Ayres 

1854 
Hampton Cutter 
David Ay res 
William L. Burke 

1855 

David Ayres 
Cortland P. Osborne 
Henry F. Demarest 

1856 

David Ayres 
Cortland P. Osborne 
Henry N, Demarest 

1857 

Heiu:^ N. Demarest 
Cortland P. Osborne 
James Valentine 

1858 

Henry N. Demarest 
James Valentine 
Cortland Osborne 



C< 



1850 



ames Vgilentine 



brtland Osborne 
David Ayres 



1860 
Charles M. Dally 
(place of Osborne 

resigned) 
David Ayres 
'vTllllam Inslee, St. 
S. E. Ensign (app'd 
Oct. 24, 1860 place 
of G. M. Dally re- 
signed) 

1861 

Union of Strawbez^ 
and Jefferson Diste . 

David Ayres 
Samuel E. Snsign 
Francis Hart 
(place of Inslee 
resigned) 

April 7, 1862 

J. CosHaos 
Samuel E. Snsign 
Francis H. Hart 

April 6, 1865 

F. H. Hart 

J. Commos 

William Bedman, Jr. 

1864 

Franoia H. Hart 
WilliaB Bedaan Jr. 
J. Commos 



3241 



I86i 

Willlaa Bedman Jr, 
Joseph Drake 
Zsetao Inelee 

1866 

Xsaao Znslae 
R. N. Deiaarest 
X«fltfeyette Roed 

1867 

(Sept. 3-»>Ghenge 
in school year) 

Gharlee F. ISawbeiy 
X«ewi0 Potter 
V, R, Clutter 



Charles F. Ha'i'bey 
I.ewl8 C. Potter 
W, H. Cutter 

X869 

Sfijauel K, Ensign 
Oharlea M« Dally 

C. F. Ma«bey 

1870-71 

J, C. Critter 
B&tmel S. Ensign 
Charles M. Dally 

1371-70 

September 4, 

Edward Potter 
Joseph C. Cutter 
smsueX E« Bneign' 



1872-73 

September S. 
dlarenoe CfT Dally 
Edward Potter 
Joseph C. Cutter 

1873-74 

Howcird Valentine 
Clarence C. Dally 
Edward Potter 

1874-76 

August 4. 

Sasniel I^Uy 
Reward Valentine 
C« C« Dally 

(End of let laimite 
hook) 



TOWN SUPERIKTEHDEHTS OF SCHOOLS* 



J. Q, Clark 
J. E* Brewster 
Alanson Newton 
Bllis B. Freeman 
8. Ayerill 
Ellis B. Freeoan 
I^. Dayton Decker 
Luther J, Tsppen 



1847-1646 
1848-1850 
1850-1851 
1851-1852 
1853-1861 
1853-1853 
1861-186S 
1862-1867 



County Superintendents took the plaoe of Town i^perin^- 
tendents in 1867. 



327 



TRUSTEES OP THE OLD ACADEM3C 
District No. 6 — 1 



1843 



1850 



Edward J&mday 
William H, Berry 
Jotham Ooddington 
Dr. Ellis B. Freeman 
Luther Hampton 

1846 

Ellis B. Freeman 
Luther Huiapton 
David Bloomfield 
Wllliaa H. Berry 
^othaffl Ooddington 

1847 

E. B. Freeman 
John S. Barron 
Wlllian H, Berry 
David BlooBifield 
George Brewster 
Alanson Newton 
•Totliam Ooddington 

1848 

S. B. Freeaan 
Alajison Newton 
William H. Berry 

Thompson Edgar 
David Blooiafield 
Alex Edgar 
Jotham Ooddington 

1849 

E. B. Freeman 
Williaffl H. Barry 
Thompson Edgar 
Alexander Edgar 
A. Brown 
Joel Tappen 
Jotham Ooddington 



Ellis B. Freeman 
James Blood^od 
Jotham CoddinGton 
OozTieliua Prall 
Randolph Ooddington 

1851 

Ellis B. Freeman 
Jotham Ooddington 
Randolph Ooddington 

1853 

Ellis B. Freeman 
James Blocdgcod 

1854 
E. B. Rpeeosn 

1855 
Funaan Lee 

1856 
E. B. Freeman 

1857 
Joseph Mar sails 

1858 

E. B. Freeman 
Jotham Ooddington 
William S. Fink 

1859 

E. B. Freeman 
Jotham Coddi-ngton 
William E. Fink 



1*— District No. 5 Joined No. 6 later, and the combined districts 

are referred to as No. 3 later in the Minute Book, Acadeajy Distil ot 
Note: For years omitted, no trustees are given — Ibid 



3S8 



18S0 1861 1862. 

E, B. Preenan S. B. 3?reenian E. B. Freeman 

Jothc^ Ck)du.lno^on Jotlian CocLdinston JothaB Ooddlngton 

Francis P. Edgar Francis P. Edgar Francis P. Edgar 



Hot^—Ko entries in Minute Book, Academy Diatriot, after 1868. 



529 



TEACHERS OF THE ACADEMX DISTRICT 



J. H. MoiT?l8 1844-48 

C. B. Read 1349-50 

R. C. Cyphers 1851-65 

Ml SB Oonklln 1852-65 

B. C. Hopkins 1856 

Dwlghu Kegwin 1857-59 

DwifcSht Kegwin (part) 1860 

Charles 0. Holmes 1860 

Cliarlee 0. Holme b 1860-65 

Harriet Goddinston 1862-66 

Thomas J. Dally 186^i-65 



S. B. Freeman (part) 
3. B. Xootua " 
G. (J. Hancock "* 
B. B. Yoctua *♦ 

Miss Day 

Kiss Pace 

Miss KaiTi'lot 

Miss Demerest (part) 

Miss Hanooclt (part) 

David Sprague 



1866 

1866 

1867 

1867 

1868-69 

1870-73 

1871 

1872 

1872 

1374-75 



TEACHERS OF THE STRAVaSHIlX HILL DISTRICT NO. 7 

No record of teachers 1841-44 
J, H, Poillon 1845-48 

3. E. Ensign* (part) 1840-55 

JEPFSRSOH SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 25 



Miss Robinson 


1866 


Miss Silva 


1866 


Mlra 0. Kelly 


1865 


George W. Dally 


1866 


Mlra C. Kelly 


1856 


Misc I. S. Ha^'S 


1866 


H. Anderson 


1875-76 


Kate Moors 


1875-76 


D. M. Sprague 


1875-76 


Ettie Sellers 


1875-76 


Ida Ayz*es 


1875-76 



?/OODBRID(^ SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 24 
(Combined 25 & 24) 



1876-1877 

Henry Anderson, Principal 

Kate Moor© 

Eva Sollace 

S. E. Eldrldge 

Nellie A. Sneign 

H. R. JfllllaMia 

Laura E. Miller 



1877-1878 

H. Anderson, Principal 

H, R, Wiiiic'Xis 
Kate Moore 
Nellie Ensign 
Minnie Moore 
Ida Ayres 
Battle St ell e 
Sara MoEwen 



Mo tel~Records vexy incomplete bet\?een 1867-74. 
» 2 — District voted to Join with Jefferson-StravrberiT- 
Kill for Graded School (?/se. No. 24) 

• No records in r>tintite Book— probably continued until 1864. 
The district Joined Jefferson in 1360, the cornbined dis- 
triets bein<:^ called No. 25. 



330 



1878-1879 

E. L, Anderson, Principal 

H. H. Wllliaias 

Nellie Ensii^ 

Ida Ayrcs 

Mary Moore 

Battle Stelle 

Sara HcEvren 

1879-1880 

£. L. Anderson, Principal 

H. A. Ensign 

M. A. Moore 

Rattle Stelle 

Sara McEv/en 

Edith Scott 

H. R. Wlllians 

Carrie Dally 

1880-1361 

E. L. Anderson, Principal 

H. R. Williajas 

H. A. Ensign 

tt« A. Koore 

Sara ilcSv/en 

Edltli Scott 

Oarrie Dally 

Rebecca Shamp 

18P1-1882 

£. L. Anderson, Principal 

U. jr. Thomas 

H. A. Ensign 

M. A. Uoore 

Sara McEwen 

Edith Scott 

Carrie Dally 

Clary Aclier 

1882-1883 

U. J. Thongs, Principal 

U. A. Honansll 

H. A. Ensign 

H. A. Moore 



Sara MoEwen 

Edith Scott 
Carrie Dally 
Clara Acker 
Sadie BrewBter 

1883-1884 

X. J. Thomas, Principal 
H. A. Honanell 
M. A. Moore 

R. A. Miller 
Mary Reed 
Carrie Dolly 
Clara Acker 
Grace Hamed 
Helen Clarkson 

1385 

M. «r. Thomas, Principal 

BUisenla Dlianlck 

tf. T. Reed 

K. A. Moore 

R, A. Miller 

M. 0, Ayres 

Edith Scott 

Cai^rle Dally 

Clara Acker 

Sraoe Hamed 

Fannie Farron 

1885-1886 

U. J. Thomas, Principal 

£. Dimmiok 

M. T. Reed 

R. A. Miller 

M. G. Ayres 

Sdith Soott 

Qraoe Hamed 

H. A. Clarkson 

Z. A. Inslee 

Fannie Pai'ron 



331 



1886-1887 



M. 


J. 


Thonia.s- Principal 


S. 


Dlmriicl^ 


R. 


A. 


Miller 


S. 


c. 


J\7i'e s 


M. 


T. 


Reed 


Edith 


Soott 


Grace 


Kjrned 


H. 


A. 


Clark son 


2. 


A. 


Insl39 


Fannie Farron 


Harry 


Clark son 


Marthft F. Horsf ield 


1887-: 


L388 


K. 


J. 


Thooas, Principal 


£. 


Clmcilck 


R. 


A. 


Miller 


H. 


C. 


Ayr eg 


Sa< 


iie 


3re\7steP 


L. 


J. 


Fr-anKlln 


Gi'. 


ace 


Harned 


H, 


■"** 


Clai'kson 


Belle 


J. MidUeton 


Fannie Farroii 


A. 


H. 


VTilson (Thomas resigned) 



1888-1339 

A. H. 'Vllson, Prinoli)al 

E. Dlffialc^ 

R. A. Miller 

M. 0. >^res 

Sadie Brerster 

L. J. Fr^.nklin 

(Irace Harned 

H, A. 01f>xkson 

Belle J, I.Iiddleton 

Fannie Farron 

1889-1890 

A. H. T7il9on, Principal 
E. Dimnick 
R. A. Killer 
M, 0. Ayres 

Sadie Bre?/ster 
Grace Harned 
KaSGi© Suydam 
Inez J. Hallock 
Belle J. Middleton 
Fannie Farron 
Lulu IColly 



1890-1891 

A. H. Wilson, Principal 
M. G. Ayres 
R. A. Miller 
Sadie Brerster 
yirslnla Oliver 
Helen Boynton 
Inez Hallock 
Belle J. Middleton 
Fannie Farron 
Lulu Kelly 

1891-1892 

A. H. Wilson, Principal 

Sadie Brewster 

Ada E. Lyman 

Inea Halicck 

Belle J. Middleton 

Charlotte S. Waite 

Ada Wicker 

Fannie Farron 

Lulu Kelly 

Lucy J. Smith (Sewaren) 

1892-1895 



W. Gamble, Principal 
Eliz^abeth Garretaon 
Ada E. Lynan 
Charlotte E. Waite 
Ada ?/iGker 
Bell© «r. Middleton 
Eleanor Hedden 
Fannie Farron 
Lulu Kelly 

1893-1894 

George V, GanbadT, Principal 

Belle J. Kidoleton 

Mary S. Keliher 

MaTGSJf'et Morrison 

Martha E, Smith 

Kate Godfrey 

May E. Kelly 

Luella Kelly 

Mabel Olmstead 

Eleanor M. Heddon 

Bessie Resin (resigned Deo.) 

Mary L. Pennybacker 

(End of old District System) 



332 



COMMENCEMENT OF TOWNSHIP SYSTEM 
UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT OF 1894. 



Th» following list of teachers is given by schools that wer« 
embodied in the new Township System 1894-95. 



School No. 1 (WoodbridRe) 

Goorge W. Gteuable, Prinoipal 

Belle J. Hiddleton 

Mai^- E. Kellher 

Margaret Morrison 

Martha E. Smith 

Kate Godfrey 

Mary E. Kelly 

Luella Kelly 

Mabel Olmstead. 

School No . 2 ( Carteret ) 
{ Blaaing Star ) 

Mary MoCurdy, Principal 
Josephine Folsom 
Nellie S. Lefferts 
Amanda G-, Edgar 
Helen Harned 

School No. 3 ( Rahway He ok ) 

Carrie 0. Jacques 



School 1^9 ., 4 ( Six Roads ) 

Ella S. Baker 

!^ohoo]| . No. 5 (Locust Grove ) 

Rachael F. Folsom 

School No. 6 ( laelin ) 

Anna L. Armstrong 

School No. 7 ( Fairfield or 
** Fords ) 
Willlajn Spencer, Prinoipal 
Alice Smith 

School No . § ( Keasbey ) 

Annie Richards 
Mary H. Hall 



333 



TRUSTEES OF OLD SCHOOL DISTRICTS 
WHOSE NAMES APPEAR ON THE RECORDS BETWEEN THE DATES GIVEN, 
Note— (All office 8 expired under Aot of 1894) 

New Dorer #12 1877-1894 

B. E. Head Ezra Force 

W. H. Demarest Van Fleet Hewitt 

Sasiuel L. Wood J. W. Wortman 

T. Woodruff Samuel Woodruff 

Lafayette Union #16 1870-1894 

Israel Thornall Benjamine Ford 

Aebury Moore W. L. Thornall 

John Graney G. F. Melick 

Qeorge Cutter James Moses 

Pike Whlttler Henry Vanderveer 

Henry Wlttneyhurt William Carman 

Looust Grove #19 1874-1894 

George Thome Richard Fagan 

Charles H. Clark Albert Lambert 

Lewis Snlth D. R. Jaquea 

C. E. Abbott 

Miss Sarah Robinson 
Hiss E. S. Hartshorxv-3 

3— District Clerk 1884-1889 

Washington #20 1873-1894 

J. M. Clark N. N. Thorp 

W. H. Bailey J. P. Dayton 

Benjamins Smith George E. MoFarland 
J. W. Bowdvln 

Rahway Heck #21 1879-1394 

Henry Simmons G. I. Merrick 

S. B. Frazee J. L. Slugg 

W. Tristram John Perrlne 

D. P. Carpenter Fred Thornall 
James G. Ward 0. A. Wihrly 
Lewis Claus Thomas L. Slugg 



J 



334 



Blazing Star #SS 1875-1894 



J. 0. PoulfeB 
Daniel C, Turner 
David Tapp«a 
David Silkaan 
John B. Osbourn 
Albert 3. Brown 
Esnry H. Turner 



C. Orowell 
Joseph H. Savage 
Fred Leber 
Louis HoTi^ 
A. W. Radley 
H. J. Sexton 
Adaa Huber 



Walter Quinn 



Uniontown #S3 1875-1894 



Jephtha Baz^on 
P. M. KeCarty 
•». L. M. Hussey-1889 
J, M. Seymour 
Charles Bachelor 
f, P. Applegate 
F. R. Ujpton 
John Srusae 
Sdvard Martin 
a. a. Hall-1887-93 
0. S. Blooiafield 

John Oorrlja, 



ThoBas Dunn 
Haines Freeman 
Clarke son Moore 
Patrick Dunn.1888 
J. V. Kartin 
Frank Cooper-1890 
♦L. H. Hassey 
Francis Cooper, Sr. 
P. Wortman 
Charles Srotyn 
Charles Wyokoff 
Jr. 1888-1394 



Fairfield Union (Fords) #26 1873-1894 



W. H. Fullerton-18^ 
Joshtui Liddle-1889-1892 
C. Gardner- 1891 
J. V. P. Voorhees-1893 
J. Peeney-1895 
Peter Costello-1894 
Thomas Peeney-1894 
John H. Conover-1895 



S. Stope 

A. Campbell 

SlllB Earned 

W. E. Warner 

Andreiv R. Smith 

Samuel Ling 

Willlaa Bolmer 

Willias H. Barr 

C. A. Bloomfield 

William 0»Riley-1890-93-94 

John Liadle-ld95 

Lyman UUndjc 

The following names as Vrastees of ''Fairfield Union Dis- 
trict" are attached to the '•Indenture* relating to the xivopertir 
on which the original Fairfield School was later erected and 
Is dated August 10, 1358. 

Samuel Dally 
Lewis Ford 
Robeirt Coddington 

• No doubt the same individual although written differently on 
the recoil. 



335 



TEACHERS IN OJ,D SCHOOL DISTRICTS, 

Excepting Jefferson and Aoadeiay, now Included In whole 

or In part within the present Tovaishlp. 

Xears 1831-1894 —7 

New Dover District #12 

Folsom, Raohael F. Tooker, H. T. 

Hatfield, Kettle Oroudron, L.-ISS? • 

dlles, SeJfah Dunham, Viola E. 

Lafayette Union #16 

Whlttler, liDzlra Killer, Julla-lSS? 

Williams, Jennie Boice, Nellie 

Wallcer, Miss Clarkeson, M. E. 

Locust Q-rove #19 

Lambert, 0. M. Folsom, Raohael F.-1887 

Washington #20 (Six Roads) 

Randolph, S. F. Whitney, Gertrude S.-18S7 

Reynolds, L. D. Moore, Miss 

Sharp, Mary 

Rahway Heck #21 

Jacques, Carrie 0,-1887 (Commenced here in 1881) 

Blazing Star #22 (Carteret) 

Frazer, Maggie Ayres, Nellie A. 

Qrove, Mary E. Martin, Abbie-ld88 

Monford, Jennie R. Hunter, Jessie 

Tappen, Jessie 

Uniontown #23 (Iselin) 

Wood, Qussie Messinger, Miles M.-1386 

Dunham, Miss A. H.-1888 



7 "Condition of the Public Schools In New Jersey (Middlesex 
County) for the years 1881 to 1890"— Records in Office 
County^ Superintendent of Schools. 

♦ A special report to State Department of Education caused 
date 1887 to be noted. Names preceding this date follow 
in their order from 1881 to 1887. 



J^6 A 




337 



School Board Members 
Township System from 1894 to 1933 

Ames, William T 1906-1908 

Alexander, Charles 1914-1914 (died Deo. 4) 

Anderson, Roy. 1922-date. 

Boynton, Caalmer W 1894-1896 

Ber2:»y, Albion R 1896-1899 

Brown, Ili^cus A 1907-1910 

Bohlen. Pred 1919-1923 

Baker, Mrs. Annabelle 1922-1932 

Correja, John Jr 1894-1896 

(Apptd. Ifey 23, 1899-1900) 

Cutter, Ephralm 1895-1898 

Chase, Leon A 1896-1899 

(Resigned Feb. 25) 
Coddlngtton, Jonas H 1896-1899 

Cranston, A. ? 1897-1900 

Cutter, Hampton 1903-(Deo. )-1909 

Clum, Melvin K 1907-1933 (died Apr. ) 

Campbell, C. A 1914-1917 

Christie, Morrison 1932-date. 

Demarest, Charles B 1894-1896 

Demareat, William H 1909-1919 (Feb. ) 

Dunigan, Maurice P 1914-date. 

Dunham, Wlllard 1924-date. 

Ensign, Everett 1896-1914 (Dist. Clerk) 

1915-1934 
Edgar, William 1899-1912 (died Dec. 14) 

Edgar, J. Blanohard 1900-1903 



3S6 



Fowler, J. 1909-1913 

Farrell, Charles S 1910-1922 

Filer, James 1924-date. 

Orohman, Charles 1399-1900 

Oordner, Mi-3. Albert 1921 (Nov. ) -1927 

Hilsdorf , John H 1894-1897 

Earned, '7. L 1901-1907 

Howell, F. Turner 19S7-19S0 

Kellar, William B 1896-1900 

KzTig, William B 1900-1901 

Loclcwood, John 1894-1896 

1901-1909 
Liddle, Joshua 1894-1898 

Leisen, John K 1899-1914 

Lahey, John A 1925-1927 (died Jan. ) 

Mimdy , Ellis B. Jr 1903-1907 

Meyer, Louis S 1921-1921 (October) 

McOlaln, Mark D 1930-date. 

Mof f ett, Ernest 1931-date. 

Main, Victor W 1898-1903 

O'Boyle, Frank 1914-1915 

Osborn, Slmer E 1901-1906 

Olsen, Andrew 1916-1917 

Piatt, H. V. 1900-1906 

Ruddy, Oeorge W 1897-1900 

Smith, C. B 1894-1895 

1896-1897 
Savage, Joseph W 1891-1896 

Stevenson, A. H 1917-1920 



33i 



Tappen, Howard A 1906-1922 

Valentine, Howard 1894-1897 

Valentine, H. R 1909-1924 

Voorhees, \?illiaia 1913-1914 (Dec.) 

Waring, Wilson 1898-1901 

Walling, 3en,laJiiln B , . .1917-1930 

(died Aug. ) 
WaUcer, .alexander G 1923-1924 (died) 

PRESIDENTS OF BOARD 

Howard Valentine 1894-1895 

Casiiaer 1?, Boynton 1395-1396 

Ephraim Cutter 1896-1898 

Leon A. Chase 1393-1899 

(resigned Feb. 25) 
Wilson Waring 1899-1901 

Victor Main , 1901-1903 

WilliaiB Edgar 1903-1913 

Howard A. Tappen 1913-1922 

Kelvin H. Olum 1922-1933 (c^^^e^js) 

Maurice F. Dunigan 1933- 

DI STRICT CLERKS TOWNSHIP SXSTSM 

Cbarles S. Dems.rest 1894-1895 

John Lockwood 1895-1896 

Albion R. Berry 1896-1899 

E. C. Ensign 1899- /^3^ r^!<^c*J 



340 



Armstrone;, iijiiile L. 
Ayres, Sereno 
Albertson, Mary 
Allen, Rsna 
Adams y Jennie 
Anness, ?von 
Ashby, P.utli 
Anderson, Lily H. 
Anderson; Lillian 
Adams, Harvey 
Anderson, Matilda 
Arace, Minnie E. 
Andersen, Buth 
Augustine, Sthel 
Andereon, Lillian 
Agreen, Slsie M. 
Alpine, Sthel 
Baker, 3. Slla 
Baumann, Llvelyi* 
Barwell, Edith 
Berrien, Sadie 
Bennett, Maud 
Boice, I-.Ii?j:'garet 
Bradford, Lewis 
Bx*aley, Ruth 



WOODBRICaE TOWTSHIP TEACHERS 

1896-1899 Brander, Edith 1907-1913 

1898-1900 Bayleas, (Jraoe S. 1908-1912 

1907-1908 Buckelew, Sraiaa R. 1908-1909 

1909-1911 Bailey, Jean 1909-1910 

1912-1919 

1909-1913 Beta, Minerva V. 1910-1915 

1913-1915 Baylies, Julia 1910-1913 

1916-1917 Broush, Lillian M. 1914-1918 

1918-1919 Banta Beatrice 1914-1914 

1919-1921 Brough, Marguerite 1915-1917 

1980-1921 Bruce, Mildred D. 1916-1817 

1922-1994 Booth, Helen M. 1916-1917 

1923-1928 Barth, Edgar H. 1917-1918 

1926- Breger, Berdie 1917-1919 

1928-1931 Brotra, C^race V. 1918-1926 

1928- Budd, Francis H. 1916)-1922 

1928- Butterwiok, Oliver P1913-1930 

1923- BauerEia,nn, Edna K. 1919-1926 

139-1898 Bunn, Gladys 1919-1923 

1898-1901 Brown, Elerjior 1919-1922 

1900-1902 Brown, Esther A. 1919-1920 

1901-1902 Budd, Augusta H. 1919-1920 

190S-19354 Belmore, Mabel 1920-1921 

1908-1906 Brumagim, E. Schen6ti920- 

1904-1906 Breining, E. Fitagerald-iggi. 

1907-1912 Beatty, Mary B. 1922-1930 



341 



Beach, Robeirt R. 
Bareford, H. 
Beaoh, Horace H. 
Boehm, Chester, H. 
Bnxelt, Helen 
Braun, Martin 
Brod]s:in, Ida 
Boylan, Patrick 
Battla, Jaxoes 
Brace, Sara 
Blake slee, Zeltha 
Boaworth, Ruth 
Brown, Lurllne 
Bettman, Mildred 
Baker, Anna 
Blaokiaan, Violet 



1936-1927 

1922-1923 

1922-1923 

1923-1926 

1933-1924 

1923- 

1924-1928 

1924- 

1924-1930 ^ 

1924-1925 

1925-1927 

1925-1926 

1925-1926 

1925- 

1025-1930 

1926-1931 



Barrett, Maiy 1926-1928 
Blewltt, Elizabeth 1926-1928 
Billow, Florence 1926-1928 
Baroody, Helen 1926-1926 
Ballinger P. Buensler 1926- 
Burgeson, Lillian 1926- 
Breokenridge, Harriet 1927-1929 
Babbett, Lelia 1928-1928 
Blewitt, Loretta 1928-1929 
Baker, Edna 1929-1930 



Balogh, Theodore 
Brewster, Margaret 
Blngaman, E. June 
Butansky, Rose 
Oheeseman, Anna 
Chase, Edna 
Cornish, Emma 
Campbell, Flora 
Clair, Katherine 
Covert, Stanley 
Crampton, Margaret 
Collins, Ethel 
Oavanaugh, Mai^aret 
Oronce, Georgianna 
Coley, Gertrude 
Chase, Marian 
Campbell, Ruth 
Coughlin, Mae 
Ounnlngton, Arthur 
OooTer, Vincent N. 
Center, Ethel M* 
Costello, Margaret 
Chase, Ruth 
Oallan, Helen 
Coe, Viola Ernst 
Casey, Julia King 



1929- 

1929- 

1930- 

1931- 

1898-1904 

1899-1902 

1005-1907 

1904-1906 

1906-1908 

1911-1912 

1912- 

1013-1915 

1915-1916 

1915- 

1916-1920 

1917-1910 

1918-1021 

1904-1906 

1911-1911 

1914-1918 

1918-1918 

1918-1921 

1920-1921 

1920-1921 

1921- 

1921-1930 



342 



Caopbell, Grace 

Caster, Anna 

Chryn, Hoxanna Tioe 

Oawley, Maxlan 

Gowart, Mae 

Calkins, Gladys 

Oompton, Adelaide 

Oonran, Kathryn 

Oaplan, Henrietta 
Morrison 

Campbell Pauline 

Chase, Ethel 

Cross, Horace 

Crammer, Mary 

Compton, Minnie W. 

Clifford, Catherine 

Coutts, Lorraine 

Chamberlain, Elsie 

Coan, Helen 

DiUcs, Alfarat;l^a 

Dunham, Viola E. 

Dixon, H. May 

Dixon, Anna D. D. 

Davis, Clara 

Demarest, Hattie 

Daniels, Mary 



190 -1930 

1922- 

1923- 

1924-1924 

1924-192S 

1924-1928 

192ft-1926 

1925- 

1927-1933 

1927-1927 

1927-1930 

1927-1928 

1900-1904 

1912- 

1929-1931 

1929-1930 

1930-1932 

1930- 

1896-1898 

1890-1926 

1896-1901 

1895*1914 

189d-^^' 

1999-1900 

1904-1906 



DeBbler, Marjory 1906-1909 

Doolcstader, John 1914-1918 

Duff, Mary C. Fee 1915- 

Dixon, Carrie 1917-1920 

Dleniff, Alxaa 1918-1919 

Darr, Marjorle H. 1917-1918 

Demarest, Marie 1916-1921 

Dickenson, Anna L. 1913-1916 

Douth, Plo. A. 1918-1918 

Dilts, Helen 1918-1918 
Dix, E, Prances Perriae 1919- 

Dix, Lester H. 1919-1927 

Davis, Edith 1920- 

Dart, Edna E, 1920-1921 

Drisooll, Inaa S, 1921-1922 

Dunhaa, Matilda 1921-1922 

Donnelly, Claire 1921- 

Delaney, Julia 1922-1924 

Duggan, Mary 1922-1924 

Drusan, Grace 1925-1925 

Donnelly, Katherine 1925-1926 

Deitz, Dorothy 1923- 

Dunn, Edith 1924-1926 

Drysdale, Buphemia 1925-1926 

Danninser, Ida 1926-1^6 



349 



Dobol, John 
Dougherty, Edward 
Deutoh, Dorothy 
Dockstader, Helen 
Dunn, Qtraoe 
Drennen, Catherine 
Dey, Margaret 
Drummond, Violet 
Deutch, Ann 
Dunlgan, Margaret 
Driunmond, Spenoer 
Dtmlgan, Verna 
Dunbar, Helen 
Dolan, L, Virginia 
Desmond, Thomas J. 
Dunlgan, Jane A. 
DuBree, K. 
Edgar, Amanda 
Ensign, Helen N. 
Ewlng, Carrie 
Edgar, Mrs. Frank 
Emmons, C. A. 
England, Aaron 
Emory, Sylvia S. 
Erb, Ruth E. 



1928-1929 Ennls, Catherine 1928-1933 

1928- Ellsworth, Gertrude 1929-1930 
1929-1931 EdlBon, Rose 1930- 
1929-1930 Edgar, Wllllaffi 1931- 
1929-1930 Folsora, Rachael 1894-1901 

1929- Fones, Mary 1900-1903 

1929- Falkenberg, Margaret 1901-1904 
1929-1933 Flsohbaoh, Augusta 1905-1906 
1929-1932 Ferdon, Ellsworth 1910-1913 

1930- Follensby, Bradley 1911-1912 
1930- Farrell, Theresa B. 1912-1916 
1950- Fowler, Edna N. 1914-1917 

1930- Farrell, Gertrude 1914-1916 

1931- Fowler, Teresa J. 1915-1917 

1932- Flnnegan, Julia A. 1916-1919 

1932- Foster, Frances M. 1916-1918 

1922-1922 Frazer, Anne C. 1916- 

1894-1898 Flnlaw, Ellen A. 1919-1925 

1904-1906 Fitzgerald, Sara 0. 1919- 

1907-1932 

1907-1912 Finch, Lillian 1923-1926 

1920- Flnkelsteln, Matilda 1923-1925 

1925-1926 Frederick, Robert W. 1925-1926 

1926-1927 Fein, Nettle 1925-1926 

1926-1930 Fancher, Charles F. 1925-1928 

1926- Ferry, Arthur C. 1925- 



344 



Finkel stein, Florence 
Foley, Charles 
Fljrnn, Eileen 
Flacfcbarth, Matilda 
Finic, Hose 
Fredd, Mabel 
Fullerton, Viola 
Finn, Alioe 
Fox, Evelyn 
Ford, Madelyne 
Fullerton, Uarjorie 
Fortna, Mary 
Qarthvaite, Jennie D. 
Grant, Edith 
Gibson, Ella 
Gobel, L. M. 
Gilhiily, Isaac H. 
Gilbert, Elsie 
Green, Edna 
Green, Ruth K. 
Geist J. Lawrence 
Grenelle, Mary 
Galaida, Rose 
Garthwaite, Matilda 
Gilhuly, Ha2.el 



1926-1929 

1926-1927 

1926-1930 

1928- 

1929-1930 

1909-1930 

1929- 

1930- 

1931- 

1931-1932 

1932- 

1927-1928 

1899- 

1901-1902 

1902-1906 

1904-1905 

1904-1930 

1906-1907 

1906-1906 

1911-1930 

1913-1916 

1908-1909 

1913-1919 
1930-1930 
1915- 

1916- 



Gilhuly, Hattie D. 1917-1919 

Oallin, Leona E. 1917-1918 

Qundrum, Kathryn R. 1919-1919 

Glanoy, Kathryn A, 1919-1920 

Golden, Michael 1919-1922 

Graham, Mary 1921-1921 

Gillespie, Cecilia C. 1921-1921 

Gelman, Sasan 1920-1928 

Griffin, Kathryn 1921-1926 

Good, Mrs. J. F. 1922-1922 

Gelfer, Mary 1922-1923 

Gleekler, Gertrude 1922-1924 

Gunther, Sue 1924-1930 
Goldfinger, D. Hilfner 1924- 

Genaro, Renata 1925-1929 

Goldstein, Esther 1925-1926 

Gade, Alioe M. 1925- 

Gundinim, Mary 1925- 

Qoldfarb, Esther 1926-1928 

Gems, Reya L. 1926-1928 

Green, Lily 1928-1933 

Gillette, Marian L. 1928- 

Giroud, Margaret D. 1928- 

Gelger, Anna 1930-1932 
Harned, Helen -1898 



345 



Hall, Uarj 

Harding, Hannah 
Buber, Qrace 
Haellg, Ida tt. 
Hunter, Louisa 
Harrison, Beatrice 
Hamll, Hellle 
Hinsdale, Edith 
Holnee, Helen 
Harvey, Orpat^ 
HanJclns, Ralph 
Hilton, Ruth 
Hays, Edith 
Hutchinson, Ada 
Hawtliome, Soma K. 
Herman, Sdna 
Harrington, Helen L. 
Hann, Albert a. 
Hemcane, M. Elizabeth 
Havlland, I^ydla 
Hollenbeok, Wai-'ren 
Harman, Salome 
Hangsterfer, Thyrza 
Hlne, Anna M. 
Harding, May Walsh 



1896-1902 


J&mtress, Edna 


1923-1929 


1901-1904 


Heller, Gertrude 


1923-1928 


1905- 


Huber, Augusta F. 


1923-1928 


1906-1908 


Haltsoh, Elsie S. 


1923-1924 


1907-1908 


Horowitz, Theresa 


1923- 


1908-1908 


Hoy, Mary E. 


1926-1929 


1909-1912 


Heyder, Mae E, 


1926-1929 


1909-1919 


Holland, Virginia 


1926-1928 


1909-1912 


Holden, Llewellyn 


1926- 


1909- 


Holden, Ruth Snyder 


1926- 


1912-1913 


Holen, Medle 


1927-1928 


1913-1918 


Hoops, Theodore 


1928- 


1914-1914 


Hllfman, Beatrice 


1928-1929 


1914-1919 


aiganis, Kathryn 


1930-1931 


1915-1918 


Huber, Qrace F. 


1950- 


1917-1917 


Hanson, Mary 


1930- 


1918-1919 


Hamilton, La Verne 


1930- 


1919-1919 


Huntley, Florence 


1930- 


1919-1920 


Henry, Ruth 


1931- 


1919-1923 


Hlxon, Louise 


1931- 


1919-1921 


Henrlokson, Margaret 


1932- 


1920-1921 


Inslee, Ethel 


1898-1906 


1921-1929 


Ingalls, DeWltt 


1905- 
1912-1917 


1921- 


Ingrahaia, LaMonte 


1931- 


1921- 


Jacques, Carrie 0. 


1894-1906 



546 



Jacques, Isabelle M, 
♦Tohnstcn, Fannie 
Johnson, Sophie E. 
Jaede, Aiigusta Y» 
Johnson Wllllajn G. 
Jones, Olive 
Jones, Annabelle 
Jeroloman, Louise 
JoBtf John 
Johnson, Jean S. 
Johnson, J. Edward 
Jardine, Ethel M. 
Jeffers, Susie 
Jones, Slla M* 
Jacques, Harold 
Jauas, Florentine M. 
Jansenn, Mary D. 
Jaoobsen, Mildred 
Jaffee, Bertha 
Jessup, Annie 
Johansen, Emma 
Julian, Ulldred 
Eally, May E. 
Selly, Luella 



1894-1904 Kraber, Laura 1908-1900 

1901-1906 Klnsey, Rita 1906-1907 

1902-1910 Kaufman, Mabel 1907-1908 

1915-1916 Keegan, Anna 1910-1912 

1908-1909 Kuhloan, M. B. Huber 1915-1921 

1911-1912 Koch, Henrietta 1915-1917 

1915-1916 Kresley, Olalrmont, A. 1917-1918 

1917-1918 Kramer, Kenneth F. 1919-1920 

1918-1919 Koons, Dorothy 1924-1929 

1918- Kline Hannah 1923-1923 

1921-1922 Kramer, Florence 1924-1930 

1922-1923 Keating, Eusenla 1925-1927 

1922-1923 Kramer, Genevieve 1925-1926 

1923-1924 Kotel, Sophie 1925-1930 

1921-1922 Kauffman, Elizabeth 1926-1927 

1922-1922 Keen, M. Genevieve 1927- 

1923- Kitchen, Elizabeth P. 1926-1930 
1924-1930 Klbler, Olive 1930-1930 

1924- Kennedy, Anna 1900-1908 
1926-1928 Kraber, Roy 1913-1914 

1930- Love, John H, 1896-1933 

1931- Love, William 1896-1898 
1894-1899 Ludlow, liizzie -1808-1901 
1894-1901 Love, Jesse 1901-1904 



347 



La Forge, Mary Olaa* 1905-1915 

Loclcwood, Hargaret 1006-1911 

1911- 

Lorcii, Hellle 1907- 

L€onard, Hellle 1907-1908 

Larson, Jennie 1908-1910 

Llpplnoott, Clara M. 1910-1912 

Love, 7erna B. 1913-1915 

Lliditl, K. I^eeioan 1913- 

Llndstrom, LAlllan 1916-1918 

Lloyd, Frances S. 1916-1918 

Ludlow, Mildred K. 1917- 

Lewlfl, l^a J. 1918-1920 

Leonard, Teresa 1919-1919 

Lowe, Christine C, 1919-1928 

Leieen, Ruth 1921-1921 

Laab, Grace 1921-1922 

Leffler Louis, S. 1922-1922 

Lewis, Josei^ 1923-1925 

Lippinoott, Violet G» 1923-1924 

Leber, Dori* 1923-1926 

Lee, Charlotte 1923-1925 

Lauk, Herbert 1&24-1926 

Lynch, Katherine 1925-1925 

Lipalc, Sej:*a 1925-1926 

Lewis, J. Louise 1926-1933 



I^ona, Agnes 1926-1932 

Levi, Eleanor Mack 1926- 

Loroh, Ruth 1926- 

List, Amelia 1926- 

l^hmeraan. Rose 1926- 

Low, Jane 1927-1928 

Lee, Mai Vina Hubbard 1927- 

Leimpeter, Susan 1929- 

Lovely, Margai'et 1930-1930 

Lund, Rolland 1932- 

Lafand, Adele 1928- 

Merchant, Carrie 1899-1901 

Mitchell, Anna 1901-1903 

Maoy, Cornelia 1901-1901 

MoElhenny, C. M. 1905-1909 

Mc&rath, Sadie 1906-1906 

Miller, Gtertrude 1910-1911 

Morhous, Bessie H. 1910-1910 

Murch, Hortense 1910-1911 

Meyer, Beatrice 1911-1928 

McNair, Walden H. 1914-1917 

Meredith, Glllarort J. 1915-1918 

McLaughlin, Helen 1916-1919 
MoNair, Pauline Pauleonx9i7.x919 

Mulvaney, Elizabeth 1917- 



348 



Mason, Oarlotta Oowlns 1917-1921 

1927 

Hills Eleanor H. 1918-1926 

MoElroy, James M. 1918- 

Maxwell, Elizabeth, S. 1919-1991 

Beyer, Bella S. 1919-1924 

Halloy, K. Elizabeth 1920-1921 

Kullcx', Anna M. .3320-1922 

McHahon, PrelcLa Miller 1920- 

Helgs, Clara E. 1921-1925 

Molaon, Marie L. 1922-1925 

Mooney, Slsle 1922-1922 

Hullane, Gertrude 1922-1926 

MoElroy, Rub bell 1922- 

Klller, Margaret D. 1923-1024 

Httllane, Claire C. 1923- 

HoMahon, Helen a. 1920-1922 

lunn, Mary 1924-193.'5 

KoXnroy, Qalen 1924-1924 

Kouton, !£icella 1924-1925 

KoDePQOtt, Dorothy 1926-1931 

Killer, Sadl© 1925-1924 

MoParlane, Virginia 1924-1924 

^eyerhoff, William 1925-1926 

Major, Evelyn 1926-1927 

MuBOon, Mai'^aret 1926-1928 



Morrow, M8.rtha 
Meehan, M. Josephine 
McCraoken, Eleanor 
Mellok, Jesnette 
Mullen, Helen M. 
Murphy, Susan 
McDonald, Geraldlne 
Morris, Alice 
Mullen, Max^ 
McCarthy, Rosemary M. 
Metzser, Carl 
fiimn, Margaret 
Mack, Mary 
McCrory, Panay 
Iftilvaney, Bobert 
Miller, Dorotlsy 
Monaghan, Marcaret 
Morrison, Fannie 
Mazeika, Helen 
Biorganson, Margaret 
HlBdom, Mae 
Kooney, Margaret M. 
Muceiarelll, Sylvia 
MoKeman, Alice 
McDowell, Florence 



1926- 

1927-1929 

1923-1929 

1928- 

1926- 

1928- 

1929-1951 

1929-1930 

1929- 

1929- 

1929- 

1929- 

1929- 

1950- 

1930- 

1950- 

1930-1933 

1930- 

1931- 

1931- 

1931- 

1932- 

1952- 

1921-1922 

1907-1909 



349 



numbers, Jennie B. 
Heff, Jesse C, 
Hlhoff, Anita 
Neff, Lillian 
He veil, Effle K. 
Helltopp, Florenoe M. 
Nolan, Edna A. 
MiuBbers, Huth 
Selson, Axel 
Neville, Preoioes 
Neary, Genevieve Ryan 
Nuasbaiua, Dorothy 
Oatman, Miriam 
Osborne, Rae 
Ohmenhlser, Ida B« 
O'Brien, Mary 
O'Brien, Mary 
O'Brien, Margaret 
O'Brien, G. R. 
Potter, Carrie 
Potter, Blanche 
Padget, Bonnylln 
Paxton, Adelaide 
Packard, Asa J. 
Playfoot, Viva H. 



1906-1913 Parker, Edna H. 1913-1914 

1914-1916 Paxson, Mrs. 0. H. 1915-1915 

1921-1922 Parker, Helen M, 1918-1927 

1921-1923 Pester, Marie J. 1921-1922 

1922- Pastorlus, Helen W. 1920-1920 

1922-1933 Pugh, (}€2*trude 1928-1928 

1925- Petersen, Sareda 1924- 

1925- Prestup, Pauline 1928- 

1927-1933 Perlman, &. Stoplek 1929- 

1927-1929 Partridge, Ruth 1930- 

19S8- Plppett, Margaret 1930- 

1929- Pease, Kent 1930-1933 

1906-1917 Predmore, Jennie T. 1919- 

1917- Qulnn, Emily M. 1920-1921 

1919-1925 Qulnn, Marian 1923-1985 

1926-1927 Runyon, Alletta 1896-1906 

1923-1927 Richards, Annie 1894-1906 

1926-1930 Rolllnson, Lillian 1902-1906 

1929- Rice, Florence 1910-1912 

1898-1898 Reyder, Prank C. 1911-1912 

1906-1906 Randolph, Mlttld 1910-1928 

1908-1918 Roberta, Florence 1.1914-1916 

1908- Rohrberg, Morris 1919-1925 

1912- Rapp» Margaret C. 1914-1916 

1916-1917 

1913-1919 Ryder, Helen L. 1920-1921 



350 



Ramsey, Ruth 


1920-1921 


Riohards, Louise 


1931- 


Reeves, Mabel 


1920-1926 


Reed, Franc ffl 


1928- 


Ro&rke, Lillian 
Rigley, E. M. 


1921-1922 
1903-1905 


Smith, Abbie 
Shepherd, James F. 


1394-1699 
1901-1903 
1896-1906 


Roeder, William 


1921-1923 


Smith, Alioe M. 


1896-1399 


Richards, Catherine H. 


1922-1925 


Sprague, David 


1898-1908 


Rothfuss, C. Howard 


1922-1923 


Shepherd, Charles 


1899-1901 


Race Sdna S. 


1923-1923 


Savage, Sue 


1900-1906 


Rothfuse, Bryan C. 


1923-1924 


Sohendorf, Anna 


1901-1904 


Rudnlk, Hilda 


1923-1924 


Seamans, Mary 


1902-1906 


Rue, Margaret 


1924-1927 


Soott, Sdith 


1902-1917 


Robinson, Florence 


1924-1926 


Savage, Josephine 


1903-1908 


Riehman, Berthn 


1925- 


Slugg, Bessie 


1903-1906 


Robinson, Florence Oowlns 1925- 


Solomon, Edythe 


1904-1906 


Richards, Lillian U. 


1926- 


Sterling, Pauline 


1905-1906 


RyaU) D. Oalbraith 


1926-1930 


Sexton, May 


1905-1906 


Retioppi, Lillian 


1926-1930 


Schmidt, Gertrude 


1906-1907 


Reynolds, Leyland F. 


1927- 


Sanders, Carrie B. 


1906-1907 


Reid, Helen Ryan 


1927- 


Sabine, Florence 


1908-1911 


Bobinson, Alioe 


1929- 


Shoemaker Anna 


1908-1912 


Rice, Orlan 


1928-1930 


Slosson, Irene 


1909-1910 


Reeniok, Ida 


1929- 


Sohultz, Elsie 


1909-1911 


Rothman, Rose 


1929- 


Schneider, Rose 


1911-1913 


Rusgieri, Joseph 


1930- 


Segoine, Marion 


1912-1918 


Ryan, Elizabeth 


1930- 


Sharp, Howard 


1912- 


Reppie, Helen 


1930- 


Sides, Arthur C, 


1913-1915 



361 



Sploer, Florence 19Xa-X914 

Savage, Jane 1913-1914 

Staples, Sdirard F. 1915-1916 

Smith, Rath S. 1916-1921 

Stover, Laura 1915-1916 

Sohultz, Alvenla 1918-1919 
Sohermerhora, Bertha 191&- 

Smlth, Bella M. 1919-1924 

Sullivan, Mary ?, 1919-1921 

Stookton, E4na H. 1919-1922 

Sllvenaan, Jean 1919-1929 

Skldmor^, Clara B. 1919- 

Sharpe, Aay 1920-1921 

Sharp, Gertrude 1919- 

Shotwell, Fred C. 1920-1921 

Sbotoaker, Esther S. 1920-1923 

Sheehan, Honora 1920-1923 

Sheets, Srace E. 1921-1922 

Stuart, Winifred H. 1921-1924 

Stonier, Josephine 1921-1922 

Shotwell, Bertha 1921-1922 

Seligjaan, Lillian 1921-1924 

Sohenek, Cecilia 1922-1923 

Shlbe, Jane E« 1925-1924 



Sohultz, Frances 1923-1926 

Straight, Helen Peck 1924-1933 

Silidiker, Ida 1924- 

Sohrimpf, Elsie 1924-1928 

Stein, Mary 1924-1926 

Steinlauf Rae 1924-1926 

Stattffer, Richard 1924-1926 

Sydnor, Elizabeth 1924-1926 

Sohoner, Irene T. 1924-1927 

Silvenaan, Sylvia 1925- 

Shscw, Lena 1922-1923 

Selh, Frank 1925- 

Sohle singer, Gertrude 1926-1929 

Stephens, Fred 1926-1926 

fflieiTTOod, Vera 1926-1930 

Sabelotflky, Hose 1926-1929 

Saunders, Millard 1927-1929 

Shershlne, Frank W. 1927-1928 

Sackrlder, Cecilia 1928- 
Sehimmel, 3. Konlooff ^oi^r./f^^ — 

Sh^w, Margaret L. 1928- 
Stratton, Katharine B, 1928- 

Smlth, Beatrice R. 1928-1930 
Seltzer, Gladys R. Wilson 1929- 



352 



Sullivan, Helen T. 1929-19S9 

Saokett, Esther 1930- 

Se Christ, Harjy 1930- 

Stas, Lily /<5^awUi5»ci ' 1930- 

SalllTan, Helen 1930- 

aiattery, Sathryn 1930- 

Stox^ls, M. Thoi*ne 1925- 

Tunioon Estelle 1901-1902 

Tauslg, Marie 1906-1911 

Taylor, Fannie F. 1914-1914 

TrumlKJwer, WUllan 0. 1915-1916 

Traver, Mercy E. 1916-1916 

Tompkins, Florence 1917-1917 

Tansy, Ctertxnide 1923-1924 

Tleleoh, Elizabeth 1923-1931 

Tier, Carolyn 1924-1929 

Talley, UBJ*&sret 1926-1926 

Trimhle, gyhella 1926-1929 

Terhune, Dorothy 1927- 

Tafflboer, Lincoln 1927- 

Toth, Grace 1928- 

Toth, Margaret 1928- 

Tuck, Helen 1930- 

Tracey, Ruth 1931- 

Trainor, Alice 1932- 



Opdike, Oraoe 1898-1899 

Temon, Laura 1912-1912 

Vebre, Madeline de 1916-1920 

Velcamp, Margaret 1924-1931 

Voorhees, Florence 1939-1929 

Voorhees, Miriam 192^-1927 

fan Hise, T. Belle 1898-1903 

Tan Liew, Elsie 1904-1906 
Van Houten, Eugenie L. 1927- 

Van Slyke, Alida 2.92S- 

Van Riper, Leona 1910-1913 

Van Aradale, Mary 1896-1902 

Weeks, Eugene 1896-1898 

ISfhitney, Edith A. 1899-1913 

Wilson, Howard 1901-1910 

Witherow, Mary 1913-1914 

Wright, Stella J. 1908- 

Wittnebert, Elsie A. 1913- 

Walton, Grace 1914-1916 

White, Helen B. 1916-1916 

Whitaker, Sarah Huber 1916-1929 

Woodruff, AAft 1918-1919 

Wallace, Marie D. 1918-1924 

Williams, Lillian 1919-1923 

Wermelsohirohen, Anna 1920-1924 



553 



\?h©eler, Fannie E. 1920-1921 

Waters, Catherine 1920- 

Woodman, Lee W. 1921-1925 

Watts, Kabel A. 1922- 

Whlte, Edith 192S-1926 

Wisely, A. 1925-1924 

Willete, Seyaour 1923-1924 

"relsh, Sdna 1925-1924 
erlook, Vema MoElroy 1924- 

Wllliams, May E. 1924-1925 

Werlock, Stephen A. 1925- 

Whltehead, Florence 1925- 

Whipple, iMla, Aldoufl 1925-1935 

White, HaJTOld 1927-1931 

Walker, Margsret H. 1927-1929 

Wilooac, Huth 1923- 

Weaoott, Donald A» 1923- 

Wileon, Sthel A. 1928- 

Walllns» l2*ei» 1928-19S9 

Weism&n, Slsle 1929-1951 

Weiss, Anna M. 1929-1953 

Weintraub, Ethel 1950- 

Weiland, Lillian 1950- 

Willia, Anna H. 1950-1951 



Welsand, Barbsjc»a 
Weymouth, Marjorle 
Walsh, Eleanor 
Xoung, Matilda 

Xarkes, Mabel 
Youns, Ruth 
Soung, Elta de 
Zayas, Trinlta de 



1930-1931 

1931-1933 

1930- 

1911-1913 

1913-1914 

1913-1917 

1924- 

1926-1926 



9U 



SCHOOli OLSHKS ANP SEGRETi^mSS 

Kittle Pltz Randolph (part tlm«) to J. H. Love 1913-1921 
Hazel JJrako-Buttler (Secretary to J. H. Love) 1921-1924 
Irene fiatiay (Secretary to J. H. Love) 1924- 

Hatalle Berry (OlerfE of Schoola #1 & #11) 1921-1927 

Marie Durtlgan (Clezic of High School) 1922- 

Saaa Petersen (Cler^ of Schools #7 & #14) 1931- 

VALtJATIONS OP SCHOOLS 
1932-1933 

Hig^ School $ 410,000.00 

Woodbrldge #1 112,000.00 

Avenel #4 103,500.00 

leelln #« 29,000.00 

Fords #7 174,000.00 

Eeasbey #8 162,000.00 

Port Reading #9 120,500.00 

Hopelawn #10 139,000.00 

Woodbridse #11 298,000.00 

Sewarea #12 155,000.00 

Colonia #2 56,000.00 

Iselln #15 110,000.00 



366 



Porde #14 $ 167,000.00 

Strawberry Hill #3 90,000.00 

Hagaman Heigjits 9,000,00 

Two Portables at #11 12,000.00 

Two Portables at #4 12,000,00 

One Portable at #6 6,000.00 

Two Poi^ables at #15 18,000.00 

$2,183,000.00 

BONDS OUTSTANDING 
1932-1933 

Colonla #2 I 37,000.00 

Strawberry Hill #3 90,000.00 

Avenel #4 . 37,000,00 

Zselia, Old School #6 4,000.00 

Pordfi, Old School #7 47,000.00 

Keasbey #8 .... 85,000.00 

Port Reading #9 60,000.00 

Hopelawn #10 74,000.00 

Woodbrldse #11 246,000.00 

Sewaren #12 115,000.00 

Fords, New School #14 158,000.00 

Iselin, New School #16 100,000.00 

High School 246,000,00 

#'i,m;o6o.oo 



356 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REPORT 
of the 
SUPERVISING PRINCIPAL OP SCHOOLS 
School Year 
1932-1933 

TOWHSHIP SCHOOLS 



1932- 33 1933r- ai Increase ^ Deoreas® 

Total Enrollment 6614. . . ,6561 53 

Boys 3460. . . .3370 90 

G^lrlS 3154. . . .3191 37 D. 

Ave. Dally Attend. 5843. • . .5763 81 

Pupils not Absent 

or Tardy 1018, , . , 972 46 

No. of Klgh School 
Pupils transported 
within the Dlstrlot 694. . . . 535 159 

llo. of Pupils below 
Hl^ School trans- 
ported within the Dis- 
trict. 547 .. . 620- 73 D. 

Total transported 1241 . . . 1165 86 

Ave. Dally Attend. 

in High School 915 . . . 751 164 



go*? 



TEACHSRS SMPLOYSD 

Supervlalag Principal 1 

non-teaching PrlnolpalB ("lea.) . . 9 

High School Principal 1 

Special Supervisors 2 

Kindersarten (School I) 1 

Grades 1-3 154 

High School Teachers 39 

Short TerB Teachers 1 

K&noal Training & Domestic Science. 4., 

Total.,.. 203 

The following figures have been taken from the District 
Clerk's report to the Strte Department under the caption: 
"COST AS APPORTIONED TO BLSHSNTARY SCHOOLS AND HIGH SCHOOLS* 



Total. Cost of Current Expenses & Maintenance for 

the Xear $507,938.62 

trades, Xgn. to VIII — Hlementary Schools 415,270.14 

(Ji-ades IX to XII— High Sohoola 82,553.81 

Oost per Pupil, based on Costs for the yenr on 

Average Enrollment in whole township 83.36 

Cost per Pupil, based on costs for the year on 

Average Enrollment in High School 97.61 

For School Year 1931-32 (for comparison) for whole 
township 84. 56 

For High School alone 123.52 



358 

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3y<f 



Graduation Class, 
Eighth Grade 1907, 

Back Row: Anna Rhode, Annie Landt, Alice Turner, 

Roger Gimbernat, Edna Weber, Helen Valentine, Susie 

Parron, Verna B. Love, Charles Campbell, Josephine 

Mc Gowan. 

Front Row: Tom Cody, E. John Kuhn, Teresa Fowler, 

William Edgar, Pres. Bd. of Education; Elsie Gilbert, 

Teacher; Thora Thompson, Ruth Oilman, Ruth Valentine. 

Group of Twp. Teachers, 
1910. 
Line 1, 

Carrie Ewing, Isaac Gilhuly, Jennie Adams, 

Orpah Harvey, Stella Wright, Anna Keegan, Jean Baily 

Nellie Hamill, Edith Scott, Annie Richards, Edith 

Hinsdale, Irene Slosson, Sophie K, Johnson, Bena 

Allen, 

Line 2, 

Marie Tausig, Anna Shoemaker, Ethel Inslee, 

Helen Ensign, Helen Holmes, Grace E. Bayliss, 

Line 3, 

Howard Wilson, Adelaide Paxton, Bonnylinn 

Padget, Edith Brander, Anna D, D, Dixon, John H. Lov© 

Prin,, Florence Sabine, Jennie Numbers, Mary Clark, 

Ruth Brayley, Nellie Lorch, Jennie Larson. 



36o 



study Hall- 1911- 1912. 

Table- Front Left:- Seymour Deber, Hargis Prall, 

Harold Throglnorton, -Table 2, Left:- Sarali Huber, Cora 

Shaffer, Irene Brown,---/ , Ethel Dunham, 

Standing :-Ivins BrovmJ Third Table, -Lef t :^ Julia 

Pinnegan, Marie Demarest, Alice Moore, Marian Christie* 

Pauline Paulson, Table- Rear Right :-Martin Reyder, 
Charles Kuhlman, , , Kelly, 

Middle Table, -L to R4-Abel Peterson, Ralph Liddle, 

Leon McElroy, -Reyder (Fords )Pat rick Fenton, 

Martin Jaeger, 

Center Table-Front :- Joe Gushing, 

M embers of W, H, S, De pto Old No, 1 1 9ol. 

Standing-L.to R,-Anna Johnson, J^To, Campbell, Lulu 
Blair, Fannie Vanderveer, Sidney Noe, Wm, Inslee, 
Geo, Rathbun, Harold Robinson, Miss Mary Van Arsdale, 
Percy Brown, Irving R, Valentine, ,Bd, Christiansen, ^^>« 
Ed, Sattler, Lester Hamilton, Worth Gardner, Royal ^ T^^/,.y, 
Smith, Willie Gilman, Miss Edith Whitney, Prln, John 
H, Love, 

Rows front to rear,- Ruth Smith, Inez Turner, Edna 

Gilman, Vital, Moffett, Bessie Slugg, Katie Brown, 

Nellie Ensign, Hattie Zettlemoyer, Mgt, Lockwood, 

Dorothea Boynton, Edna Brown, Anna Ostrav/ich, Ida 

Lockwood, Mae-'^^wy^^ff^ GraceHuber, Gussie Fischbach, 

Sue Savage, Carrie Harned,''^*^'Vi?*awf^,»., Mgt, Howell, 

(Sarrie Ewing,->t».-'*6X^Nijc5a, Jennie Shourds,'^^-'^*-^-*^-^ ■ • -. ."..e/^.,- / 

Class of 1901:-Rear-L to R, -Fannie Vanderveer, 
George Rathbun, Irving R. Valentine, Harold 
Robinson, John H. Love, Prin, ,Ida Lockwood, William 
Inslee, Sidney Noe, 

Sitting- L to R. -Florence Campbell, Lulu Blair, Edna 
Brown, Anna Johnson, 



J 



361 



VVoodb ridge High School Class -1932 



Bottom row L •>;- R, 
Vincent de P. Shay 

Clifford J, Handerhan 

Sara I-,i. Holland 

Helen V. Wainright 

Julia R. Grace 

Vta. J, Grausam 

Mildred B. Mooney 

Sophie R, Jegllnski 

Mgt, M. Kennedy 

Helen L. Katt 

Lillian Hush 

Marie R, Baumann 

Rose Varady 

Helen Nagy 

Mary D. Gharonko 

Mildred E. Choper 

Mary R. Peta 

S. Jane Copeland 

John Gursaly 

Julius A, Kollar 

Geo. A.Esposito 

V/M. H. Henry 

Second row- L -;;■ R. 

Gladys A. Schade 

Dorothy L, Anderson 



Dorothy J, Fullerton 

Nettie A. Katt 

Mary Jaworsky 

Blanche E. Burke 

LIgt. Dalina 

Laura E. Ashley 

Plo. R, Snyder 

Eleanor W, Voelker 

Genevieve P. Paszynski 

Elizabeth Lucas 

Irene M, Tobias 

Emily M, Harned 

Marian S. Mc Cann 

Evelyne B. Howard 

Dorothy Nelson 

A. Jean Thergesen 

Dorothy M. Farr 

Doris Kreutzberg 

Ruth S. Howell 

Kathryn M. Hinkle 
Virginia M. Moll 
Prank F. Baurngartner 
Robert L, Ferry 
John Hacker 
Arthur J, Clear 
Ernest Blair 



362 



CLA50 0? 1932, 
Third row- left to right : 
Erna Perdlndanson 
Margaret V, Bram 
Helga L. D'Angelo 
Erna M, Dettmer 
Prances L. Dettrnor 
Dorothy E, Christ ens en 
Jeanette J, Nielsen 
Marion R. Schmidt - 
Rita E. Toner 
Catherine E, Briggman 
Mildred G. O'^Ieil 
Elaine Zischlcau 
Mary P. Connolly 
Dorothy L Zischkau 
John A. Aquila 
Frances B. Kelson 
Elmer Dragos 
Roy G. Pateman 
Arthur R. Kreyling 
William B. Derrick 

Louis J, Kager 
Joseph Kopi 
Francis J, Leitner 
Chester J. Cavallito 



William Ellis 
Edv/ard A. Reisman 
Daniel M. Galbraith 

Top row-L to R. 
vVilliara M, Petersen 
Jerry A. Retkwa 
Russell B. Baldwin 
Ray. T. Petersen 
PI. Alton \'/olny 
Frances M. D'Angelo 
Ruth H. M'Gowan 
Claire Nelson 
Dorothy L. Kreyling 
Mary E, Levi 
Helen J. Klein 
Janet E. Mawbey 
Pauline M. Hall 
Betty E. Tiffany 
Jennie Sokolska 
Elizabeth E. Quackenbush 
James J, Mayer 
Nathan Bernstein 
Irving I. Farer 
Francis S. Barna 



363 



HIGH SCHOOL BAND-1932 
Front Row- J.H. Love, Sup. Prin, Schools. Warren Geigel, 
Roy Pateman, Everett Ellis, Ghas. Terzella, Ray \iVachter, 
Sam D'Orsl, Arthur Kreyling, Prink Kovino, Michael Drclbus 
Alfred Peters, Prank Baumgartner, Theodore Hoops, (Instr. ) 

S econd Row; - Chris. Thorasen, Michael D'April, Donald Leila 
Louis Milano, George Acton, Arthur Klein, Steve Lazar, 
John Rubanich, Rubin Greco. 

T hird Row; -Elmer Krysko, John Burger, Herman Kosic, Louis 
Genovese, 'jVilson Haberkorn, Henry Inselberg, Salvador 
Virglllo, George Esposito. 

Fou rth Row ;-liVilliam Peterson, Robert Disbrow, Robert Leisen, 
Craig Senft, Charles Goover, '.i/llliam Ellis. 

Fifth Row; -Anthony Lazlzzar, Venusto Ferioli, Philip Bell, 
John Lucas, Melvin Sherman, Alton Wolney, Ray Peterson.