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Full text of "Edward Deming Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection"



THE HEJ^RT FRAJ^CIS du POXT 

fVIJVYERTHUR MUSEUM 

LIBRARIES 



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witin funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/edwarddemingandrOOhenr 



The Edward Deming Andrews 
Memorial Shaker Collection 



Research Resources at Winterthur 



GARLAND REFERENCE LIBRARY 

OF SOCIAL SCIENCE 

(VOL. 410) 




Edward Deming Andrews, ca. 1930s. 



The Edward Deming Andrews 
Memorial Shaker Collection 



COMPILED BY 

E. Richard McKinstry 



A Winterthur Book 




GARLAND PUBLISHING, INC. NEW YORK & LONDON 

1987 



© 1987 The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum 
All rights reserved 



Designer and Production Editor 
Patricia R. Lisk, Winterthur Museum 



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum. 
The Edward Deming Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection. 

(Garland reference library of social science ; 
vol. 410) (A Winterthur book) 

"Bibliographies cited": p. 

Includes index. 

1. Shakers — Bibliography — Catalogs. 2. Shakers — 
Manuscripts — Catalogs. 3. Andrews, Edward Deming, 
1894-1964— Library— Catalogs. I. McKinstry, E. Richard. 
II. Title. III. Series. Garland reference library of 
social science ; v. 410. 

Z7845.S5H46 1987 016.289'8 87-2882 
[BX9771] 
ISBN 0-8240-9430-1 (alk. paper) 



Printed on acid-free, 250-year-life paper 
Manufactured in the United States of America 



Contents 

Foreword by James C. Thomas vii 

Preface ix 

Acknowledgments xiii 

Introduction xvii 

Bibliographies Cited xxvii 

I. Printed Material 

By the Shakers 1 

About the Shakers 110 

II. Manuscript Material 

Organizational Structure and Doctrine 167 

Becoming a Shaker 172 
Conduct of Life from Spirit Messages and Shaker 

Leaders 179 

Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances 193 

Schooling 207 

Hymnbooks 210 

Poetry and Prose 232 

Recipes and Handicraft Instructions 238 

Building Construction 242 

Relations among Shaker Communities 245 

Vital Statistics 253 

Business and Finance 259 

Charitable Contributions 278 

Conscription 280 

Legal Matters and Relations with "the World" 286 
Manuscripts about the Shakers from Non-Shaker 

Sources 291 



^^ Contents 

III. Photographic Material 297 

IV. Artifacts 301 
V. The Andrews Archives 309 

Index 317 



Foreword 



It is with a sense of honor that I write the foreword to this guide 
to the Edward Deming Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection. All 
of us who are scholars and interpreters of the Shaker experience 
are indebted to the collaborative efforts of Edward Deming 
Andrews and Faith Andrews, who documented, with careful 
consideration. Shaker contributions to American culture. In Sep- 
tember 1923 the Andrewses stopped to purchase freshly baked 
bread at Hancock Shaker Village, and from this moment was 
fashioned a life's work. It is through their efforts that we are 
able now to grasp the essence of the lives and culture of a 
visionary people. 

Collectors and scholars, the Andrewses began by purchasing 
Shaker furniture, but theirs was more than aesthetic apprecia- 
tion. They recognized that it was more important to understand 
the underlying forces of a culture — who the Shakers were, what 
they believed, and what they sought. 

For the next several decades. Faith and Edward Deming 
Andrews collected, examined, wrote, lectured, and, through 
their involvement with other scholars, aroused widespread inter- 
est. An ever-increasing appreciation of Shakers is due in large 
measure to the Andrewses' pioneering efforts. Out of no interest 
at all has grown a public fascination with everything Shaker. The 
varied efforts of the Shakers lend themselves to many fields of 
study: furniture, architecture, economics, law, music, religion, 
agriculture, textiles. 

My own association with Faith Andrews is one of long- 
standing and genuine respect. Mrs. Andrews's interest in Pleas- 
ant Hill dates from the earliest days of the restoration effort. Her 
enthusiastic support and guidance have continued throughout 



Vll 



Foreword 



the years with steady correspondence and memorable visits. The 
Andrewses' lifelong scholarship produced an enormous collec- 
tion of manuscripts, photographs, and artifacts, a major portion 
of which fittingly resides at Winterthur amid a magnificent col- 
lection for the study of American culture. This guide will help to 
insure the future usefulness of the Andrewses' great effort: a 
quest to understand, interpret, and preserve the rich culture of a 
people called the Shakers. 

James C. Thomas 
Shakertown at Pleasant Hill 



Preface 



The compiler of any bibliography or guide, including this one to 
the Edward Deming Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection, must 
organize it so that its contents can be easily retrieved and under- 
stood by the reader. From the inception of this publishing proj- 
ect and throughout its various stages, it has been thought best to 
arrange the entries according to the form of each item rather 
than its subject matter. Indeed, the diversity of the contents of 
many of the items described in this guide virtually dictates that 
the entries be organized in this way. 

The Andrews collection consists of five kinds of records: 
printed, manuscript, photographic, artifactual, and archival. In 
an effort to enhance their accessibility and to emphasize their 
importance as unique research tools, the manuscripts have been 
categorized further under sixteen subject headings. During the 
early stages in the compilation of this guide, some thought was 
given to arranging the printed matter in the same fashion. It 
soon became evident, however, that, unlike the manuscript 
entries, a single printed item frequently covered a variety of top- 
ics, making its classification by subject impossible. It is hoped 
that the book's comprehensive author-title-subject index will lead 
the reader through the entries and essays on these pages when 
topics or the names of individuals or publications are the only 
known points of access. 

Part I of this guide contains 714 bibliographical entries. 



Preface 



divided into two sections, recording printed material. The first 
section (nos. 1-468) comprises printed works either written or 
published by the Shakers themselves. The publications in the 
second section (nos. 469-714) are generally interpretive in nature 
and were written by others about the Shakers. Books, pam- 
phlets, almanacs, broadsides, trade catalogues, religious tracts, 
government publications, offprints, hymnals, and periodical arti- 
cles are among the publications included in part I. The citations 
for these items conform to current library descriptive cataloguing 
standards. Each begins with a main entry, usually a personal or 
corporate name, followed by the title of the work, an author 
statement, the place of publication, the publisher, and the date. 
All original and period spellings have been retained. The colla- 
tion, which is next, includes the pagination, a record of illustra- 
tions, and a notation on the height of the publication expressed 
in centimeters. If the publication under consideration is part of a 
series, a statement to that effect is made in parentheses. Annota- 
tions and bibliographical references appear in paragraph form at 
the end of the citation. 

Part II includes descriptive citations for the 497 manuscript 
groups in the Shaker collection. It should be emphasized that 
there are not merely 497 manuscripts in the collection — there are 
actually thousands more. But, for both clarity and convenience 
the citations in part II often include several manuscripts under 
one heading. For example, entry number 1048 consists of fifty- 
three letters sent from Shakers living in Ohio to the home minis- 
try at New Lebanon, New York. These letters are described as a 
unit because they express concerns common to most Shakers 
who resided in communities some distance from New Lebanon. 
The form of manuscript citations also follows current library 
descriptive cataloguing standards. With obvious exceptions, 
chiefly the lack of publishing information and the inclusion of a 
statement on binding, the citations for manuscripts contain the 
same elements as their counterparts for printed material. 

The manuscripts are categorized under subject headings 



Preface xi 



suggested by their contents. The categories reflect three separate 
aspects of the Shaker experience: the structure and teachings of 
the organization, the activities of the membership individually 
and in groups, and Shaker contact with "the world." 

Within the first three subject headings — "Organizational 
Structure and Doctrine," "Becoming a Shaker," and "Conduct of 
Life from Spirit Messages and Shaker Leaders" — are manuscripts 
that outline basic Shaker beliefs and explain how these beliefs 
are to be applied to the activities of daily life. Covenants, signed 
by adherents to signify openly and officially their membership in 
the Shaker movement, papers renouncing all rights to private 
property, and spiritual and temporal messages of guidance to 
Believers all help to detail the structure of the Shaker organiza- 
tion and describe its teachings. The next eight categories, from 
"Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances" to "Vital Sta- 
tistics," embrace written poetry, prose, and personal journals as 
well as manuscripts on education, on the practice of religion, on 
work and handicraft, on building construction, on relations 
among communities, and on population figures. Completing the 
delineation of manuscripts are five sections on Shaker dealings 
with "the world." In "Business and Finance" the volumes and 
papers cited reveal how the Shakers made and spent money. 
"Charitable Contributions" includes papers showing how the 
Shakers made donations to causes, including their own, that 
they considered worthy. "Conscription" and "Legal Matters and 
Relations with 'the World'" contain manuscripts on military ser- 
vice and conscientious objection by the Shakers, chiefly during 
the Civil War, and on the lawsuits that usually featured the 
Shakers as defendants. "Manuscripts about the Shakers from 
Non-Shaker Sources" is composed of citations that describe 
materials assembled by non-Believers, including Laura Langford, 
a fairly well known nineteenth-century author, activist, and 
reformer. 

Unlike parts I and II, part III, "Photographic Material," 
part IV, "Artifacts," and part V, "The Andrews Archives," are in 



xii Preface 



essay form. Each of these parts might well have become a vol- 
ume in its own right if the standard cataloguing entry had been 
used to describe every item within it. Instead, essays give the 
reader an idea of the kinds of things contained in each of the 
three parts and the sort of information that might be gleaned 
from their contents. Researchers will find detailed descriptions of 
the photographs, artifacts, and archives available at Winterthur. 



Acknowledgments 



This publication is a direct result of Wintherthur Museum policy 
encouraging the compilation of catalogues of the collections. In 
1984, Trade Catalogues at Winterthur: A Guide to the Literature of 
Merchandising, 1750 to 1980 was issued as the first catalogue of a 
specific portion of the library's holdings. In 1983 work on this 
book began. I would like to acknowledge with thanks James 
Morton Smith, former director of Wintherthur, Charles F. Hum- 
mel, deputy director for collections, and Frank H. Sommer, head 
of the Library Division, for formally approving this project as 
one in the series of collection catalogues. Thomas A. Graves, Jr., 
museum director, spent hours discussing the Shakers and this 
collection with Faith Andrews and me. For Dr. Graves's interest 
and kind words of support, I am grateful. Eleanor McD. Thomp- 
son, librarian, and the staff of the Printed Book and Periodical 
Collection at Winterthur gave me excellent advice and gener- 
ously shielded me from routine activities during my weekly 
research day. I am deeply indebted to these colleagues. 
Beatrice K. Taylor, librarian of the Joseph Downs Manuscript 
and Microfilm Collection, and Barbara Adams, assistant librar- 
ian, gave of their knowledge of the Shaker collection in their 
customary ways. The staff in the Registrar's Office assisted me 
with information on Shaker artifacts. Thanks also are due 
Ian M. G. Quimby, head of Winterthur's Publications Office, 
and his staff for their editorial guidance and expertise. This book 



xm 



xiv Acknowledgments 



could not have been issued without the critical eye and construc- 
tive editorial pencil of Susan Greenberg. For a second time, I 
gratefully acknowledge her many contributions. Without the 
many kinds of assistance offered by my co-workers, this publica- 
tion would never have seen the light of day. My having been 
able to draw on and benefit from their different talents has made 
this a better book. 

These acknowledgments would not be complete without 
referring to the four individuals whose importance to this project 
has been absolutely critical. Winterthur was exceedingly pleased 
and honored when Faith Andrews and her children, David Volk 
Andrews and Ann Andrews Kane, agreed to donate the Edward 
Deming Andrews Shaker Collection in 1967. I am indeed fortun- 
ate to have met and have the friendship of Faith Andrews. Her 
ceaseless enthusiasm and energy when discussing the Shakers 
and her vast experience in their study have been constant 
sources of inspiration for me. Mrs. Andrews's candor and con- 
structive suggestions about this project have been much appreci- 
ated, and I will always recall with fondness her personal favors 
and generosity. 

It is to my deep regret that I never had the opportunity to 
meet the late Edward Deming Andrews. I have had the opportu- 
nity, however, to study his writings and personal papers. We 
can only be thankful that he had the foresight to retain and 
organize so much of what he wrote so that future generations 
might share his research and profit from his knowledge. Early in 
this project, I learned that it had been the hope of Dr. Andrews 
to compile a bibliography based on his Shaker collection. 
Although I can in no way claim that this volume includes the 
insights that Dr. Andrews would have offered, I do believe that 
it reflects the Shaker experience with accuracy and with a degree 
of understanding that would be appreciated by those who origi- 
nally assembled the collection. 

It is customary for acknowledgments to conclude with a 
statement thanking a spouse. Such a statement is easy to make 



Acknowledgments xv 



in this instance. Linda looked through much of the manuscript 
and always offered thought-provoking comments. Her willing- 
ness and good cheer during our trip to the Canterbury Shaker 
community in New Hampshire made that visit all the more 
worthwhile and enjoyable. 



Introduction 



The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, 
commonly known as Shakers, began as a religious order in Eng- 
land during the 1740s. Founded by Jane and James Wardley, tai- 
lors from Bolton-on-Moors, the sect was influenced by the 
experiences of the Camisards of France and the Quakers of Eng- 
land. It had no doctrine to speak of at this time and grew slowly 
during a period of religious revival that featured the activities of 
George Whitefield and John Wesley. Mrs. Wardley, known as 
Mother Jane by the sect's adherents, provided the early leader- 
ship. Not until 1766 when Ann Standerin, born Lees, assumed a 
leadership role did the Believers begin to make their presence 
felt as part of England's religious community. 

According to Shaker tradition, Ann Lees was born in 1736 
and was baptized in the Anglican church in 1742. Having no for- 
mal schooling, she worked in a Manchester textile mill and at 
age twenty was a cook in a public infirmary. In 1758 she joined 
the Wardleys and became a Believer, although at this early stage 
she was fairly inactive. Ann married Abraham Standerin, a 
blacksmith, in 1762. As a result of her experiences with child- 
birth and the subsequent loss of four children — all having died 
in infancy probably — Ann's views of marriage changed. She 
began to preach that cohabitation of the sexes was the cardinal 



Introduction 



sin and the source of evil. Celibacy became one of the chief ten- 
ets of Shakerism. 

Despite the celibate life advocated by the Shakers, a surprising 
number of people joined the society, the men of property among 
them contributing to the support and welfare of their less well-to- 
do friends. With increased membership came a sharpening of reli- 
gious convictions that included a denunciation of all things 
worldly. Worship meetings were bizarre to local observers, and the 
Church of England charged Ann with blasphemy. She convinced 
her Anglican accusers of her innocence, but she was nevertheless 
imprisoned for her heresies. While Ann was in jail she experienced 
a vision that resulted in her claim that Christ dwelt within her and 
that as she spoke so did Christ. In short, a second revelation of the 
gospel was being made, thought Ann, through herself. A divine 
call to immigrate to America followed, and on May 10, 1774, eight 
Shakers set sail from Liverpool bound for New York on the ship 
Mariah. Noticeably absent were Jane and James Wardley. Both had 
quit the sect when Ann Lees assumed its leadership. 

Although Ann and her followers would meet with ridicule and 
violent attacks in the United States, the basic tenets of Shakerism, 
although not as yet codified, had already been established and 
would be followed with zeal. At this stage of the Shaker move- 
ment, however, its charismatic leader, not necessarily its beliefs, 
were the organizing force. 

Americans learned about the Shakers even before they left 
England. On November 9, 1769, the Virginia Gazette reported on 
one of the Shakers' gatherings for worship: 

They meet constantly three times a day, at the house of some one of their 
society, and converse in their own way about the scriptures, a future 
state, other sects of religion, &c. until the moving of the spirit comes upon 
them, which is first perceived by their beginning leisurely to scratch upon 
their thighs or other parts of their bodies; from that the motion becomes 
gradually quicker, and proceeds to trembling, shaking, and screeching in 
the most dreadful manner; at the same time their features are not distin- 
guishable by reason of the quick motion of their heads. 



Introduction xix 



Not for another two years, however, did the Shakers find a per- 
manent site to practice this unique form of worship. In 1776 they 
settled near Albany, New York, at Niskeyuna, later called 
Watervliet, and embarked on spreading the gospel as they had 
interpreted it. 

At first, Ann Lee — her name having been shortened after 
arriving in America — was deeply chagrined by the lack of prog- 
ress in attracting new Believers. Establishing a community in a 
remote region of upstate New York and trying to survive a wil- 
derness existence were, of necessity, the primary concerns of the 
Shakers. When, initially, the new adherents arrived, they came 
in part as a consequence of the reUgious fervor associated with 
America's Great Awakening of the mid eighteenth century. New 
Light Baptists from Hancock, Massachusetts, and New Lebanon, 
New York, were early converts. Others who merely expressed 
curiosity were welcomed at Niskeyuna to discuss the movement. 
A personalized form of proselytizing by the Shaker pioneers 
combined with Mother Ann's dynamism and charisma drew 
people into the Shaker realm. Some ultimately rejected all that 
the Shakers stood for, while others embraced Shakerism for life. 

Unexpectedly perhaps, the first conflict between the Shakers 
and "the world" (their term for society in general) had nothing 
to do with their far from ordinary and curious mode of worship. 
Rather, it stemmed from their pacifism during the revolutionary 
war. English-born Mother Ann and five other Believers were 
arrested and jailed over this matter in 1780. After several months 
of incarceration they were released, the authorities finally having 
concluded that the group could not adversely affect the war 
effort. By imprisoning the Shakers, New York state officials pub- 
licized a fairly insignificant religious sect that had lived in rela- 
tive isolation and thereby lent credence to its existence. In 
addition, thoughtful people may have questioned the wisdom of 
imprisoning a handful of men and women for exercising their 
religious beliefs at the very time the country was engaged in a 
war to secure freedom and personal rights. It is important to 



XX Introduction 



note that pacifism and conscientious objection were significant 
issues for the Shakers during other conflicts. 

From the time the Shakers were released from jail until 
Mother Ann's death two and a half years later, a great deal of 
missionary work was conducted in Massachusetts and other 
regions east of Niskeyuna. The seeds were planted for future 
communities at such sites as Harvard and Shirley, Massachu- 
setts, Enfield, Connecticut, and Alfred, Maine. Reaction to these 
missionary endeavors was not always peaceful. Mobs attacked 
Mother Ann and, according to eyewitness accounts, on at least 
one occasion nearly killed her. Misunderstandings concerning 
the Shakers' way of life and a still-prevalent belief that the group 
sympathized with the British prompted the violent persecutions. 
By the time Ann Lee died on September 8, 1784, perhaps as a 
final consequence of her physical beatings and endless emotional 
conflicts, she had been involved in only the infancy of a reli- 
gious movement that would outlive her by more than two centu- 
ries. What the Shakers would eventually become and how the 
sect would be remembered resulted from the varied talents of 
subsequent leaders and their interactions with the world. 

Joseph Meacham, after Mother Ann and the original Shak- 
ers, arguably had the greatest impact on the conduct and organi- 
zation of the United Society. Acknowledged as a leader by 
autumn 1787, Father Joseph established the communitarian sys- 
tem associated with the Shaker movement, designed an indus- 
trial and agricultural framework for the Believers, structured an 
administrative organization, and codified the doctrines of the 
sect. In 1795, Father Joseph drafted the first written covenant, a 
document that everyone accepting Shaker membership was 
required to sign. The covenant included articles that spelled out 
the voluntary nature of membership, the allowance for the dis- 
posal of property, how children would be treated, and the 
responsibilities of brethren and sisters to each other and to the 
outside world. When Father Joseph died in 1796, he had been at 
the forefront of the Shaker movement for a decade and had 



Introduction 



fashioned a fragmented religious fraternity into a vital and cohe- 
sive group. 

Having found a sense of security and perhaps even a 
renewed sense of being, the Shakers resumed their missionary 
work, this time concentrating their efforts on the nation's western 
frontier in Ohio and Kentucky. At least two parallels can be 
drawn between the Shakers' western experience and occurrences 
in both England and New England. First, the Shakers benefited 
from a religious revival. This time, a sect called the New Lights, 
splintered from the Presbyterian church, provided the Shakers 
with members. Second, Shakers incurred abuse and sometimes 
met with violent attacks. Mobs assaulted the Shakers countless 
times because they were thought to be holding children unlaw- 
fully and against their will. Whatever the case, unlike other 
American religious orders, the Shakers were ultimately success- 
ful in establishing colonies over a wide geographical area. Herein 
lay much of the strength of the movement. 

Between 1787 and 1826, nineteen Shaker communities were 
established, and the home ministry became firmly entrenched at 
New Lebanon, New York. Routine visits among members of 
these communities lent a sense of homogeneity to the Shakers' 
lives, even though their villages were hundreds of miles apart. 
Although the Shakers claimed to exist as a unit, friction between 
the eastern and western communities was real. Shakers from the 
West, perhaps because of their great distance from New Leba- 
non and with primitive modes of communication, believed that 
they were often forgotten by the home ministry. Even among 
themselves, the western communities argued that one had been 
neglecting the others. In addition to this internal discord, the 
Shakers were distanced from Ann Lee as time passed. Her char- 
ismatic influence did not extend to the younger Shakers who 
never knew her. Rather, the Shaker way of life itself had to cap- 
ture and hold the younger generation. 

Spiritualism through messages from the dead became part of 
the Shaker experience beginning in 1838, and it served to unify 



Introduction 



the fragmenting sect. Frequent oral communications through 
mediums from such people as Mother Ann and Father Joseph 
pointed out how the modern Shakers had deviated from the true 
order. In 1840 these spiritual communications were first put in 
writing, and shortly thereafter they appeared as drawings. 
Whatever form the message took, in essence these communica- 
tions castigated Shakers for their irreligious behavior, encour- 
aged them to live a life of higher plane, and provided new forms 
of ritual. The Shakers' religious spiritualism had not been 
inspired in isolation. In 1827 Joseph Smith had received the Book 
of Mormon through a vision, and somewhat later the Millerites 
predicted through spirit contacts that Christ would appear in 
1843. Other spiritual manifestations, including speaking in 
tongues and seances, remained popular into the 1840s and 
beyond. As a consequence of the Shakers' adoption of this reli- 
gious tactic, their worship services, which earlier had been open 
to the world, were now closed to it — at least for a time. Thus, in 
borrowing a religious practice from the world, the Shakers fur- 
ther removed themselves from it and unwittingly contributed to 
public misunderstanding of their beliefs and practices. 

When they ended their isolation from the world, after their 
spiritual contacts faded, the Shakers, perhaps coincidentally, 
grew in numbers and strength. During the 1850s their various 
communities prospered and were populated eventually by as 
many as 6,000 Believers. Throughout their existence the Shakers 
hoped to use the world and not abuse it. They were aware of 
worldly events when educating their children, they commonly 
opened the doors of their meetinghouses for all to share wor- 
ship, they donated generously to charity, they sold their prod- 
ucts through a sometimes intricate marketing system, they 
invested their money in income-producing ventures, and they 
used their presses to print tracts for all. In short, while the Shak- 
ers avoided things they disapproved-of in the world, they used 
what they considered good for the sake of their own well-being 
as a group. It was in antebellum America that they met with 



Introduction 



their greatest successes. 

While the Shakers attempted to ensure their own survival, in 
part through economic activities in the world, the world's eco- 
nomic demands and uncertainties ultimately contributed to the 
decline of the Shaker order. An isolated leadership had difficulty 
relating to conditions it could not experience in its own sur- 
roundings, and, as time passed, fewer elders and eldresses were 
capable of managing the increasingly complex financial affairs of 
the United Society. In 1849, Calvin Green predicted why the 
Shakers would find it difficult to remain solvent financially: 
(1) the relatively poor economic condition of most Shakers at the 
time they joined the society, (2) the lack of a sanction to specu- 
late, (3) the cost of educating children who may not remain 
members, (4) legal fees as a consequence of lawsuits and legisla- 
tive lobbying, and (5) the expense of charitable contributions. In 
addition, the Shakers became property owners of some magni- 
tude, even though they lacked the manpower to cultivate the 
land on the scale required to yield sufficient dividends. Finally, 
the Shaker movement was established during an age that was 
quickly passing in America. Industrialization during the second 
half of the nineteenth century afforded opportunities to people 
that the Shakers could neither match nor replicate in their far- 
simpler world of handicrafts and agrarianism. Not enough of the 
younger generation — those born during or immediately after the 
Civil War — considered the sheltered world of the Shakers 
appealing. The Shakers had lost the most important group of 
potential converts. 

It would not be unreasonable to conclude that from the start 
the Shakers were doomed to failure. Traditionally, religious off- 
shoots with charismatic founders that attempt to live apart from 
the rest of society do not survive for any length of time. It is to 
the credit of the members of the United Society that their exist- 
ence as a religious movement lasted for more than two centu- 
ries. Indeed, the movement will outlive itself through the 
world's appreciation of the artifacts the Shakers created, through 



Introduction 



their own writings, and through the historical interpretations 
and observations of others. 

Initial research on the Shakers was conducted by American 
and European travelers in the mid nineteenth century who vis- 
ited Shaker communities. These visitors, including Charles Dick- 
ens, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Herman Melville, and Julian 
Niemcewicz, wrote about what they observed and reported on 
their experiences as they participated in the daily Shaker routine. 
Many of these narrative accounts were written to acquaint read- 
ers with the curious and generally unfamiliar Shaker religious 
sect. Not until the twentieth century did documentary research 
resources become available so that serious Shaker scholarshp 
could begin. The early books and articles were written on such 
broad topics as Shaker-made furniture and the Shaker mode of 
worship. Seldom interpretive in nature, these publications 
explained the essential framework of the Shaker experience 
including the structure of Shaker beliefs and customs. These 
works remain valuable today because they serve as basic sources 
for acquiring an understanding of Shakerism and as points of 
departure for more narrowly constructed topics. 

Shaker historical research is currently focused on four funda- 
mental areas. Since the Shakers still claim the attention of the 
general public — if only as a curiosity — museum-oriented studies 
have recently gained in importance. Interpretations of living and 
recreated Shaker communities must of necessity rely on the his- 
torical record. These studies have tended to focus on such topics 
as architecture, gardening, dietary habits, and clothing. Reflect- 
ing recent trends in historical research, quantitative methods 
have led to a number of demographic studies. Critical studies of 
the Shaker experience are revising traditional theses. No longer 
satisfied with studies that lack objective analysis, some of 
today's researchers are taking a fresh look at Shakerism. In tan- 
dem with the critically oriented studies is the move to examine 
Shaker topics of limited but manageable size and scope. For 
example, where Shaker industry was once considered an appropri- 



Introduction xxv 



ate topic, the more narrowly defined subject of marketing Shaker 
products to the world is now considered even more suitable. 

Much of this current Shaker research is being conducted at 
Winterthur through the use of the Edward Deming Andrews 
Memorial Shaker Collection. During the past several years topics 
as diverse as the effect of mechanization on the North family of 
New Lebanon, New York's Shaker community, and plot plans of 
Shaker villages have been studied using the resources of the 
Andrews collection. One researcher was interested in the Shak- 
ers in preparation for a presentation to her elementary-school 
class, while others prepared graduate-level papers and book- 
length monographs. The Andrews collection has lately sup- 
ported research into such general topics as textiles, table set- 
tings, architecture and building construction, furniture, 
production of goods, watercolor painting, western communities, 
village design, music, spirit drawings, clothing, baskets, and 
religious beliefs. To be sure, one reason why some researchers 
study the Shakers is that the Shaker detachment from the world 
makes it easier to understand them as a unit, while the varied 
activities and talents of individual members provide a number of 
ways to inquire about the Shakers' collective lifestyle. The mate- 
rials recorded in this guide which were produced by the Shak- 
ers, their contemporary observers, and historians reflect the 
homogeneity and diversity of the Shakers' existence. 



Introduction 



Appendix 

Recent publications that acknowledge the Edward 
Deming Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection 



Brewer, Priscilla J. Shaker Communities, Shaker Lives. Hanover, N.H.: Uni- 
versity Press of New England, 1986. 

Emlen, Robert P. "The Early Drawings of Elder Joshua Bussell." 
Antiques 113, no. 3 (March 1978): 632-37. 

. "The Great Stone Dwelling of the Enfield, New Hampshire, 

Shakers." Old-Titne New England 69 (1979): 69-85. 

Gordon, Beverly. Shaker Textile Arts. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of 
New England, 1980. 

Handberg, Ejner. Shop Drawings of Shaker Furniture and Woodenware. 
Stockbridge, Mass.: Berkshire Traveller Press, 1973-77. 

Lassiter, William. Shaker Architecture: Descriptions with Photographs and 
Shaker Drawings at Mount Lebanon, New York, Watervliet, Neiv York, 
West Pittsfield, Massachusetts. New York: Vantage Press, 1966. 

Marini, Stephen A. Radical Sects of Revolutionary New England. Cam- 
bridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982. 

Muller, Charles R., and Timothy D. Rieman. The Shaker Chair. Winches- 
ter, Ohio: Canal Press, 1984. 

Patterson, Daniel W. The Shaker Spiritual. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Uni- 
versity Press, 1979. 

Ray, Mary Lyn. "A Reappraisal of Shaker Furniture and Society." In 
Wiritherthur Portfolio 8, edited by Ian M. G. Quimby, pp. 107-32. 
Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973. 

Schiffer, Herbert. Shaker Architecture. Exton, Pa.: Schiffer Publishing Co., 
1979. 

Shea, John Gerald. The American Shakers and Their Furniture with Meas- 
ured Drawings of Museum Classics. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 
1971. 

Sprigg, June. By Shaker Hands. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1975. 

Telski, Gloria Roth. The Baskets of Rural America. New York: E. P. Dut- 
ton, 1975. 



Bibliographies Cited 



(E) Evans, Charles. American bibliography: a chronological 
dictionary of all books, pamphlets and periodical publications 
printed in the United States of America from the genesis of print- 
ing in 1639 down to and including the year 1800; with biblio- 
graphical and biographical notes. Chicago [etc.]: Printed for 
the author [etc.], 1903-1959. 

(M) MacLean, John P. A bibliography of Shaker literature with an 
introductory study of the writings and publications pertaining to 
Ohio Believers. Columbus, Ohio: Fred. J. Heer, 1905. 

(R) Richmond, Mary L. Shaker literature: a bibliography. Hancock, 
Mass.: Shaker Community, Inc., 1977. 

(S) Sabin, Joseph. Bibliotheca Americana: a dictionary of books relat- 
ing to America from its discovery to the present time. New York: 
J. Sabin [etc.], 1868-1936. 

(SS) Shaw, Ralph R., and Richard H. Shoemaker. American bibli- 
ography. . . . New York [etc.]: Scarecrow Press, 1958-1982. 
(Authors and title record entire series that was also com- 
piled by others and, from 1964, entitled Checklist of American 
imprints. . . .) 



xxvii 



The Collection 



I. Printed Material 
By the Shakers 



1 Advice to children on behaviour at table. [S.I.: s.n., 18 — ]. 
, ^ 1 broadside photostat; 28 cm. 

cQ.i'^ In the form of a poem, these lines tell Shaker children how to 
, \P- behave at the dinner table. The author may have been Daniel 

Of ford. 
M no. 116; R no. 5 

2 Aitken, Robert. 

Shaker and vegetarian: autobiographical sketch of Robert Aitken. 
p. [21]-22: port. 

In The independent vegetarian advocate: a magazine of human 
O^ nature, science, and social progress. No. 6 (January 1891). 

Note on page 23 records the death of the author. Aitken was a 
cousin of Andrew Carnegie. 
R no. 1481 

3 Alfred, Maine, Community. 

Catalog of fancy goods made at Shaker Village, Alfred, York 

County, Maine; Fannie C. Casey, trustee and general manager. 

Alfred, Maine, 1908. 

10 p.: ill.; 14 x 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

"The greater number of the goods herein shown and described 

are made from poplar wood ..." (p. 3). 

R no. 149 






Printed Material 



Allen, Minnie Catherine. 

Biographical sketch of Daniel Fraser of the Shaker community of 

Mt. Lebanon, Columbia County, N.Y. / by Catharine Allen. 

Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons & Co., 1890. 

38 p.; 19 cm. 

M no. 118; R no. 9 



Allen, Minnie Catherine. 

A century of communism: the history of the people known as 
Shakers / by M. Catherine Allen, North family. . . . Pittsfield, 
Mass.: Press of Eagle Publishing Co., 1902. 

15 p.; 15 cm. 

For the most part, this edition matches the earlier, 1897, edition 

(see no. 6). 

M no. 120; R no. 10 

Allen, Minnie Catherine. 

A full century of communism: the history of the Alethians, for- 
merly called Shakers / by M. Catherine Allen, North family. . . . 
Pittsfield, Mass.: Press of Eagle Publishing Co., 1897. 

16 p.; 13 cm. 

For the most part, this edition matches the later, 1902, edition 

(see no. 5). 

M no. 119; R no. 11 



Allen, Minnie Catherine. 

The mirror of truth: a vision / Catherine Allen. Mt. Lebanon, 

N.Y.: The Lebanon Press, [ca. 1890]. 

[4] p.; 14 cm. (Lebanon leaves. Faith series, no. 1) 

M no. 122; R no. 15 

Allen, Minnie Catherine. 

The questions of the day. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1890]. 

6 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

M no. 123; R no. 16 



By the Shakers 



9 Allen, Minnie Catherine. 

Shaker life and ideals: address before the International Council 
J /\ of Women, Toledo, Ohio / by M. Catherine Allen, of the Shaker 
community. North family. Mount Lebanon, N.Y. [New Lebanon, 
N.Y., 1906]. 
14 p.; 15 cm. 
R no. 17 

10 Almanac. 1882. 

■3^y The story of the Shakers and some of their favorite cooking reci- 
.^' pes: calendar for 1882. [New York: A. J. White, 1881]. 

[36] p.: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

Includes "The story of the Shakers" by Henry Vincent, who is 
identified as a great English liberal orator; Shaker recipes; and 
testimonials for Shaker products. 
R no. 19 

11 Almanac. 1883-1884. 

New favorite cooking receipts of the Shakers and illustrated 
2 almanac for '83 & '84: the story of an accidental discovery. [New 
.^' York: A. J. White, 1883]. 

[36] p.: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

Issued by A. L. Strong of Suffield, Conn., a dealer in drugs and 
medicines. (See no. 15.) 

Calendar in the almanac is for July 1883 to June 1884; it is 
arranged to show the months in 1884 before those of 1883. 
M no. 500; R no. 22 

12 Almanac. 1884. 

Shaker almanac, 1884. [New York: A. J. White, 1883]. 

32 p.: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

Running title: The Shaker family almanac. 

Issued by Bullard and Foster of Keene, N.H., a dealer in drugs 

and medicines. 

R no. 23 



3> 



^0 



V' 



Printed Material 



13 Almanac. 1885. 

Shaker almanac, 1885: the joys and sorrows of a poor old man. 

[New York: A. J. White, 1884]. 

32 p.: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

Running title: The Shaker family almanac, 1885. 

R no. 24 

14 Almanac. 1886. 

Shaker almanac, 1886: the mystery explained. [New York: A. J. 

White, 1885]. 

32 p.: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

Running title: The mystery explained. 

Issued by A. F. Palmer, Cornwall Hollow, Conn. 

R no. 25 

15 Almanac. 1887. 

Almanack, 1887: the peaceful life of the Shakers. [New York: 
A. J. White, 1886]. 
. -'^ 33, [1] p.: ports.; 16 cm. 

Cover title. 

Running title: The peaceful life of the Shakers. 
Issued by A. L. Strong, a druggist in Suffield, Conn. (See no. 
11.) 
R no. 26 

16 Almanac. 1888. 

The 100th anniversary of the founding of a community: almanac 

for 1888. [New York: A. J. White, 1887]. 

32 p.: ill.; 16 cm. 

Cover title. 

Running title: Among the mountains. 

R no. 27 

17 Almanac. 1889. 

How the Shakers cook and the noted cooks of the country. [New 
York: A. J. White, 1888]. 



By the Shakers 



48 p.: ports.; 16 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 29 

18 Almanac. 1891. 

3> Shaker almanac, 1891. [New York: A. J. White, 1890]. 

t^^ ' 32 p.: ports.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

Running title: Shaker family almanac — 1891. 
Circulated by George W. Van Horn of Johnsonburg, N.J., pro- 
prietor of a general store. 
R no. 31 



19 The American Shakers. [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1910]. 
[3] p.; 22 cm. 

«'^^ Cover title. 

Contains an outline of basic Shaker beliefs. 

When this pamphlet was written there were fifteen Shaker com- 
munities still active. 



^ic 



20 The American Shakers: a celibate, religious community. [S.I.: 

tr- s.n., ca. 1910]. 

(jl*-' 1 broadside; 56 cm. 

One of several editions, this time in broadside form. 



^^ 



21 The American Shakers: a celibate, religious community. [S.l. 

s.n., ca. 1910]. 
. , ' [4] p.; 16 cm. 

Caption title. 

Contains an outline of basic Shaker beliefs. 

R no. 35 



22 The American Shakers: a celibate, religious community. [S.l.: 

s.n., ca. 1910]. 
./^''' [4] p.; 14 cm. 
^ ^^ Caption title. 

Text varies slightly from that of other editions. 



Printed Material 



23 The American Shakers: a celibate, religious community. [Sab- 

bathday Lake, Maine, ca. 1910]. 
^ ' j^(p [2] p.; 14 X 9 cm. 

^■p^^ Postcard bearing a shorter version of similarly titled publications. 

R no. 37 



24 Anderson, Martha Jane. 

A The bird-craze. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1890]. 

-*^ ^ , t 1 broadside; 31 cm. 

v^ Poem protesting the appearance of feathers in women's dress. 

M no. 126; R no. 39 



c,^ 



25 Anderson, Martha Jane. 

Peaceful victory / M. J. Anderson. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 
.^a 1905]. 

^ C\V 1 broadside; 19 cm. 

j^ ^ ^ Originally appearing in 1878, this hymn was probably reprinted 

for the peace conference sponsored by the Shakers of New Leba- 
non, N.Y., and held in 1905. 
Introductory remarks are by Daniel Offord. 
R no. 40 



^9.-^ 



26 Anderson, Martha Jane. 

Resurrection. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1875. 
1 broadside; 19 cm. 
i4^-^ Five-stanza poem. At the bottom of the sheet is Anderson's 



^ name followed by "North Family, Mt. Lebanon, 1875." 

27 [Anderson, Martha Jane]. 

Social gathering dialogue between six sisters of the North family 
^ of Shakers, Mt. Lebanon, Columbia County, N.Y. Albany, N.Y.: 

>/ ^ Weed, Parsons & Co., 1873. 

X, '^ 18 p.; 19 cm. 

The other sisters were Margaret Pattison, Ann Offord, Charlotte 
Byrdsall, Melissa Soule, and Margaret Cleveland. 
M no. 446; R no. 43 



By the Shakers 

Anderson, Martha Jane. 



Anderson, Martha Jane. 

Social life and vegetarianism / by Martha J. Anderson. Mount 

Lebanon, N.Y., 1893. (Chicago, III.: Guiding Star Printing 



House). 

[2], 27 p.; 13 cm. 

M no. 127; R no. 41 



Anderson, Martha Jane. 

Vice. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1890]. 

7 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Also includes "Intemperance" by Lucy S. Bowers. 

M no. 128; R no. 42 

30 Andrews, W. Watson. 

Communism. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1890]. 
\ 7 p.; 14 cm. 
^ Caption title. 

Includes two other brief selections: "Unselfish interest" by 

Martha J. Anderson and "The two fires" by Oliver Prentis. 

M no. 129; R no. 45 

Andrews, W. Watson. 

The Lord's prayer / Watson Andrews. [S.I., ca. 1872]. 
1 item; 14 cm. 

Very brief essay, probably clipped from a newspaper or periodi- 
cal. It concludes with an invitation to its readers to study 
Shakerism. 

Arbor of love. . . . Beautiful city. [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1870]. 
,^ [2] p.; 16 cm. 
Caption title. 
Two Shaker songs on facing pages of one leaf folded in half. 

33 Authorized rules of the Shaker community: given for the protec- 

tion and guidance of the members in the several societies. Mt. 

'^^ Lebanon, N.Y., 1894. (Canterbury, N.H.: Printed at Shaker 
Village). 
16 p.; 18 cm. 



Printed Material 



Pamphlet is probably the work of H. C. Blinn. 

During the same year Supplementary rules of the Shaker community 

was published (see no. 421). 

M no. 130; R no. 50 



34 Avery, Giles Bushnell. 

Autobiography / by Giles B. Avery of Mount Lebanon, N.Y.; 
also an account of the funeral service which was held at Water- 
^ Mr vliet, N.Y., December 30, 1890, together with testimonials of 

respect from his many kind friends. East Canterbury, N.H., 
1891. 

34 p.: music; 24 cm. 
Autobiography written in 1880. 
M no. 132 (attributes pamphlet to Anna White); R no. 51 

35 [Avery, Giles Bushnell]. 

Circular concerning the dress of Believers. [New Lebanon, N.Y. 
^^,0'2> 1866]. 

12 p.; 23 cm. 

M no. 381; R no. 460 



36 Avery, Giles Bushnell. 

The new creation. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1890]. 

8 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Includes three other brief selections: "Unpardonable sin" and 

"The future life" by F. W. Evans and "Government" by 

Martha J. Anderson. 

R no. 54 



37 Avery, Giles Bushnell. 

Sketches of "Shakers and Shakerism": synopsis of theology of 
•^y United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing. 

Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons and Co., 1883. 

35 p.: ill.; 19 cm. 

Cover title. 



By the Shakers 



Also includes "A Shaker's answer to the oft-repeated question: 
'what would become of the world if all should become Shak- 
ers?' " by R. W. Pelham. 
M no. 133; R no. 56 

38 Avery, Giles Bushnell. 

Sketches of "Shakers and Shakerism": synopsis of theology of 
Tj^ United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing / by 
"^' Giles B. Avery. Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons & Co., 1884. 

50, [2] p.: ill.; 19 cm. 

Cover title. 

Includes two other essays: "Ann Lee" by Andrew Jackson Davis 

and "A Shaker's answer to the oft-repeated question: 'what 

would become of the world if all should become Shakers?' " by 

R. W. Pelham. 

M no. 134; R no. 57 



39 Avery, Giles Bushnell. 

^ Spiritual life. [Shaker Village, N.H.?, ca. 1888]. 
^^' 4 p.; 24 cm. 

Caption title. 

Also includes "My brother, my sister and mother" by Henry C. 
Blinn. 
M no. 135; R no. 58 

40 Baker, W. 

. 2iL To the Pittsfield Sun: New Zealand letter. [New Lebanon, 
?^^ N.Y.?], 1884. 

1 broadside; 33 cm. 

Baker wrote from Gore, Otago, New Zealand, inquiring about 

Shaker beliefs. He identifies himself as a watchmaker. For a 

reply by F. W. Evans, see no. 162. 

M no. 137; R no. 62 

41 Barker, Ruth Mildred. 
The gift to be simple, 
p. 113-114 

^ In Good work. Vol. 28, no. 4 (Autumn 1965). 

R no. 1492 



(X 



10 Printed Material 



42 Basting, Louis. 
Christianity / by Louis Basting. East Canterbury, N.H., [ca. 

^ 1891]. 

8 p.; 15 cm. 

Title at head of essay: Shaker Christianity. 

Published in West Pittsfield, Mass. 

M no. 138; R no. 64 

43 Bates, Paulina. 
The divine book of holy and eternal wisdom: revealing the word 

\ of God, out of whose mouth goeth a sharp sword, in two vol- 

umns . . . / written by Paulina Bates. Canterbury, N.H.: Pub- 
lished by the United Society called Shakers, 1849. 
2 vols, in 1; 22 cm. 

Preface is signed by Seth Y. Wells and Calvin Green, as editors. 
M no. 5; R no. 67; S no. 79704 

44 Baxter, George H. 

A cluster of thought flashes / by Geo. H. Baxter. [S.I.: s.n.], 
1908. 
D ^ 16 p.; 15 cm. 

Cover title. 
R no. 68 

45 Bear, Henry B. 

Henry B. Bear's advent experience. Harrison, Ohio, [ca. 1880]. 

10 p.; 21 cm. 

Bear, a resident of the Whitewater, Ohio, Shaker community, 

was a disillusioned Millerite. 

Copy 2 "for Bro. Robert Valentine." 

R no. 69 



> 



46 Bear, Henry B. 

Scientific demonstration of theology, prophecy, and revelation! / 
by H. B. Bear. [S.I.: s.n.], 1896. 
^ ^ 48 p.; 17 cm. 

Corrections to this pamphlet have been made by both hand and 

press. 

R no. 71 



By the Shakers 11 



Bear, Henry B. 

Scientific demonstration of theology, prophecy, and revelation! / 

by H. B. Bear. [S.I.: s.n.], 1900. 

56 p.; 18 cm. 

M no. 140; R no. 72 

48 Bible. American. 1865. 

The holy Bible: containing the old and new testaments; trans- 
lated out of the original tongues and with the former translations 
diligently compared and revised. New York: American Bible 
Society, 1865. 
1026, [2], 320 p.; 26 cm. 

Unnumbered pages contain a record of Shaker deaths from 1870 
to 1890. A note in Dr. Andrews's hand states that these deaths 
probably all occurred at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

49 Bible. English. 1795. 

The holy Bible: containing the old and new testaments; trans- 
lated out of the original tongues and with the former translations 
diligently compared and revised, by His Majesty's command; 
appointed to be read in churches. Edinburgh: Printed by Mark 
and Charles Kerr, 1795. 
1 vol. (unpaged); 26 cm. 

Includes, at the end of the volume, "The psalms of David in 
metre" (1793) by the same printers. 
Used by the North family. 

50 Bible. New Testament. 1794. 

The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ: trans- 
lated out of the original Greek and with the former translations 
* diligently compared and revised, by His Majesty's special com- 

mand, interspersed with explanatory notes; appointed to be read 
in churches. London, 1794. 
1 vol. (unpaged); 18 cm. 

Bible is signed by Elizabeth Standish and, presumably, was once 
owned by her. 



12 Printed Material 



51 Bible. New Testament. 1832. 
The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ: trans- 
lated out of the original Greek, and with the former translations 
diligently compared and revised. New York: Joseph A. Cluss- 
man, 1832. (J. H. Turney, pr.). 
315 p., IL; 23 cm. 

Bible was sold by P. Allen and Son, printers, booksellers, and 
stationers, Pittsfield, Mass., and was used by Martha Van Valen. 

52 Bishop, Ebenezer. 
Farewell address of Elder Ebenezer Bishop of New Lebanon to 
the inhabitants of Zion: written at the Holy Mount, Dec. 29, 
1842. Canterbury, N.H., 1850. 
15 p.; 14 cm. 

Communicated through a medium after Bishop's death in 1849. 
M no. 143; R no. 78 

53 [Bishop, Rufus]. 

Testimonies of the life, character, revelations and doctrines of 

our ever blessed Mother Ann Lee, and the elders with her: 
„ r through whom the word of eternal life was opened in this day 

•^ of Christ's second appearing; collected from living witnesses by 

order of the ministry in union with the church. Hancock, Mass.: 

Printed by J. Tallcott & J. Deming, Junrs., 1816. 

xi, 405, [1] p.; 19 cm. 

Coedited by Seth Youngs Wells. 

Book is sometimes referred to as The secret book of the elders. 

Errata on page [406]. 

M no. 99; R no. 80; S no. 102602; SS no. 38921 

54 [Bishop, Rufus]. 

Testimonies of the life, character, revelations and doctrines of 
Mother Ann Lee and the elders with her: through whom the 
"^ 9- word of eternal life was opened in this day, of Christ's second 

appearing, collected from living witnesses, in union with the 
church. 2d ed. Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons & Co., 1888. 
ix, 302 p.; 21 cm. 
Title from spine: Precepts of Mother Ann Lee and the elders. 



By the Shakers 13 



Coedited by Seth Youngs Wells. This edition was revised by 

Giles Bushnell Avery. 

M no. 100; R no. 81; S no. 102602 



.^^ 



55 [Blakeman, Elisha d'Alembert]. 
The youth's guide in Zion and Holy Mother's promises: given by 
inspiration at New Lebanon, N.Y., January 5, 1842. Canterbury, 
N.H., 1842. 

35, [1] p.; 18 cm. 

Pamphlet was intended for circulation only among the Shakers. 

M no. 478; R no. 85 

56 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

Advent of the Christ in man and woman / by Henry C. Blinn. 
J , >^ East Canterbury, N.H., 1896. 
16 p.; 23 cm. 
Cover title. 

Includes advertisements for Shaker publications. 
M no. 144; R no. 90 

57 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

A Christian community / by Henry C. Blinn. East Canterbury, 
^,>^" N.H., [1897]. 

16 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

Cover title. 

M no. 145; R no. 91 

58 [Blinn, Henry Clay], comp. 

A collection of hymns and anthems adapted to public worship: 
^ published by the Shakers. East Canterbury, N.H., 1892. 

^ [2], iv, 144 p.; 24 cm. 

Cover title: Hymns and anthems for the hour of worship. 

M no. 12; R no. 93 

59 [Blinn, Henry Clay], comp. 

A concise catechism containing the most important events 
o recorded in the Bible: also, a short sketch of the lives of our first 
'^' elders or parents, Mother Ann, Father William, & Father James. 

Canterbury, N.H., 1850. 



3^ 



14 Printed Material 



40 p.; 14 cm. 

Front and back pages have been obliterated making the cover 
title and the poem at the end, "Sin of wastefulness," unreadable. 
M no. 197; R no. 94 

60 Blinn, Henry Clay, ed. 
Gentle manners: a guide to good morals. 3d ed. East Canter- 
bury, N.H., 1899. 
xii, 79 p.; 18 cm. 

Contains also the prefaces to the first and second editions. 
Copy 1 in the collection once belonged to Bessie Stewart. 

R no. 721; S no. 106199 (attributes original authorship to Isaac 
Newton Youngs, Rufus Bishop, and Garrett Lawrence) 

61 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

In memoriam: Elder Henry C. Blinn, 1824-1905. Concord, N.H.: 
Rumford Printing Co., 1905. 
l^ ^' 131 p., 1 plate: port.; 20 cm. 

Published on the occasion of Blinn's death, this volume contains 
an autobiographical sketch, an account of the memorial service, 
and tributes. 
R no. 830 

62 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

The life and gospel experience of Mother Ann Lee. Canterbury, 
^ N.H., [1882?]. 
^^^0•'^ 24 p.; 17 cm. 

Cover title. 

First printing of the pamphlet. Another printing was issued one 
year later. See no. 63. 
M no. 146; R no. 96 

63 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

The life and gospel experience of Mother Ann Lee. Canterbury, 
^ -^ r N.H., [1883]. 
^t^^' 24 p.; 17 cm. 

Cover title. 



By the Shakers 15 



Dating of the prefatory indicates that this is the second printing 
of a pamphlet, probably first issued in 1882. See no. 62. 
R no. 97 

64 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

The life and gospel experience of Mother Ann Lee / by Elder 
A Henry C. Blinn. East Canterbury, N.H.: Published by the Shak- 

A ^ ers, 1901. 

264 p.; 19 cm. 

This is the final issue of a work published in many editions. 

M no. 6; R no. 99 

65 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

The manifestation of spiritualism among the Shakers, 1837-1847 / 
by Henry C. Blinn. East Canterbury, N.H., 1899. 
p^ 4 101 P' 18 cm. 

Cover title: Spiritualism among the Shakers. 
A note card, presumably typed by Dr. Andrews, reads: "Impor- 
tant in that it is one of the rare instances in which a Shaker 
author published material on the spiritualistic manifestations of 
the Believers." 
Includes index. 
M no. 147; R no. 101 

66 Blinn, Henry Clay. 

A sacred repository of anthems and hymns for devotional wor- 
ship and praise. Canterbury, N.H., 1852. 
h \ xiii, 232, [1] p.; 20 cm. 

Early attempt at setting Shaker hymns to music. 

Includes the business card of G. H. Bean, dealer in American 

and European novelties, Springfield and Holyoke, Mass. 

Errata sheet at rear. 

Book is signed by Emma Strobridge. 

M no. 88 (records a co-compiler, Marcia Hastings); R no. 102 

67 [Blinn, Henry Clay]. 

H ^/^i^ What shall I do to be a Shaker? [Canterbury, N.H., 1885?]. 

,aD^ [2] p.; 24 cm. 
Caption tide. 
M no. 467; R no. 103 



16 Printed Material 



S5 



68 [Bolton, Aquila Massie]. 

Some lines in verse about Shakers: not published by authority of 
the society so called. New York: William Taylor & Co., 1846. 
56 p.; 24 cm. 
M no. 447; R no. 104; S no. 79720 



69 Bolton, Aquila Massie. 

The whore of Babylon unmasked: or, a cure for orthodoxy; being 
a letter addressed to Richard Mott of New York / by A. M. Bol- 
r. ^vj . ^V tori- Philadelphia, 1827. 

36 p.; 18 cm. 

This publication concerns relations between the Shakers and the 
Quakers. 
M no. 148; R no. 105; SS no. 28214 

70 Bowers, Lucy S. 

Concise statements concerning the life and religious views of the 
^ ^^ . 3 Shakers: North family. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1895]. 

^'^ 21, [2] p.; 14 cm. 

M no. 198; R no. 106 

71 Brainard, D. C, & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
Shaker asthma cure. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1885]. 
1 broadside; 22 cm. 
At head of title: The following rules should be strictly observed 



^ gH^ 



6^ 



A<2\ '-> in connection with the 



R no. 311 



72 Brainard, D. C, & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

Shaker hair restorer: restores gray hair to its natural color, 
I O 4'\ beauty and softness, and is an excellent toilet dressing. 

"^ ^ Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1889]. 

.qv"^' [2] p.; 24 cm. 
^n ' On one page the hair restorer is advertised; on the other a vege- 

table remedy, which was supposed to cure "sick headache, con- 
stipation, torpid liver, etc.," is publicized. Accompanying 
testimonials are dated 1889. 



By the Shakers 17 



73 Brainard, D. C, & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

The Shaker vegetable remedy: for sick headache, constipation, 
H torpid liver, etc. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1885]. 

> 1 broadside; 22 cm. 
°'' Variation of this broadside appeared on the back of the adver- 

tisement for Shaker hair restorer (see no. 72). 
R no. 318 

74 Briggs, Nicholas A. 

God,-dual / N. Briggs. [East Canterbury, N.H., ca. 1890]. 
-^ 7 p.; 14 cm. 

Also includes a brief essay by Ruth Webster, "The second Eve." 
M no. 157; R no. 110 

75 Brown, Grace Ada. 

Sister Corinne / written by Sister Grace Ada Brown in memory 
-^ of Sister Corinne Bishop. . . . [S.I.: s.n.], 1929. 
[3] p.; 9 X 14 cm. 
Rno. Ill 

76 Brown, Grace Ada. 
Song and story / Grace Ada Brown. Pittsfield, Mass.: The Eagle 
Pub. Co., 1902. 
188 p.; 21 cm. 

M no. 8; R no. 112 

77 Brown, Grace Ada. 

Under the sheet: a recital of facts / by Grace Ada Brown. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1900]. 

[8] p.; 16 cm. 

M no. 158; R no. 113 



1^ 



78 Brown, Thomas. 

An account of the people called Shakers: their faith, doctrines, 

I and practice exemplified in the life, conversations, and experi- 

ence of the author during the time he belonged to the Society; to 
/ 1, which is affixed a history of their rise and progress to the pres- 
ent day / by Thomas Brown. Troy, N.Y.: Parker and Bliss, 1812. 



18 Printed Material 



372 p.; 19 cm. 

Subscribers' names on pages [x]-xii include residents of Niska- 
yuna and Watervliet. 

There is some question about Brown's membership in the Shak- 
ers. Although he confessed to the elders and visited communi- 
ties for some lengths of time, he never took up permanent 
residence in a Shaker community. 
M ng. 9; R no. 114; S no. 8567; SS no. 24952 

79 [Brownson, Hannah]. 

Table monitor: gather up the fragments that remain, that noth- 
,, ^0^ i"S ^^ lost— Christ. [New^ Lebanon, N.Y., 1903?]. 

1 broadside; 26 cm. 
.^'^''- Broadside originally written in 1830 as a guide to table manners. 

C^?\ This reprint, on glazed, heavy stock, may have been done in 

1903. The collection includes a variant edition on lighter stock 
and with a fancier ornamental border. 

Quoted in part in The people called Shakers by Edward Deming 
Andrews, page 184. (See no. 491.) 

M no. 453?; R no. 119 (discusses printing history of this 
broadside) 

80 Canterbury, N. H., Community. 

Catalogue: Canterbury Shakers, manufacturers of "Dorothy" 

cloaks, all-wool sweaters, and fancy goods. East Canterbury, 

N.H., [ca. 1900]. 

[8] p.: ports.; 16 cm. 

In addition to the items in the title, the Shakers were offering 

through this catalogue sewing boxes, basket cushions, nuts, 

extract of witch hazel, etc. 

Orders were taken by Hart and Shepard, East Canterbury, N.H. 

R no. 154 



81 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

Corbett's Shaker syrup of sarsaparilla: sold by all druggists. Can- 
. i^'^' ' terbury, N.H., [ca. 1879]. 



M 



Bi/ the Shakers 19 



4 p.; 24 cm. 

Caption title. 

Includes testimonials dating from 1847 to 1878. 

R no. 174a 

82 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

From the Canterbury Shakers. [Canterbury, N.H., ca. 1885]. 
^^, • [4] p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

"In order to meet the many inquiries that are made in regard to 
the principles and regulations of our religious home, we have 
prepared the following ..." (p. [1]). 
R no. 714 



83 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

Home, sweet home!: the home of our parents. Canterbury, 

N.H., [ca. 1850]. 

1 broadside; 18 cm. 

Three-verse poem about the home, written at Canterbury, N.H., 

during the mid- 1800s. 

84 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

Improved Shaker washing machine: designed particularly for 
Ys^:-"-'' hospitals, hotels, laundries, &c.; manufactured and for sale by 
the United Society of Shakers at Shaker Village, N.H.; also, a 
newly constructed mangle, operated by a screw. Concord, N.H. 
Charles C. Pearson & Co., 1877. 
28, [1] p.: ill.; 23 cm. 
M no. 162; R no. 193 



85 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

, . . Improved Shaker washing machine: designed particularly for 

' "^ hospitals, hotels, laundries, &c.; patented January 26, 1858 by 

David Parker . . . also, improved hydro-extractor recipes for 
making soap, &c. Concord, N.H.: Steam Printing Works of 
McFarland & jenks, 1859. 



20 Printed Material 



24 p., 1 plate: ill.; 23 cm. 
M no. 160; R no. 189 

86 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

The Shakers' manual. Shaker Village, N.H., 1852. 
^^.^^^ 23, [1] p.; 24 cm. 

'■' Caption title. 

Pamphlet advertising Shaker medicines. It is signed by David 

Parker on behalf of the Society. 

R no. 182 

87 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

Sunday service: Shaker Village, Mercer Co., N.H., July 31- 
L(3 Oct. 16, 1881. Canterbury, N.H., 1881. 

C^"^ ' 12 nos.; 19 cm. 

Caption title. 

Collection has the Sunday service programs for August 28 and 
October 2 only. 
R no. 1355 

88 Carr, Mary Frances. 

Life among the Shakers. New York: A. ]. White, [ca. 1881]. 
y^y^s^' . 35 p.: ill.; 13 cm. 

f ^ ' Cover title. 

^ Includes advertisements for Shaker medicines. 

This collection copy was circulated by Ely Bros., druggists, 

Owego, N.Y. 

Color illustrations on the front and back covers differ from those 

on the other copy in the collection (see no. 89). 

R no. 141 

89 Carr, Mary Frances. 

Life among the Shakers. New York: A. J. White, [ca. 1885]. 
35 p.: ill.; 13 cm. 
-^,^' . Cover title. 



Vy 



t^^ ' Includes advertisements for Shaker medicines. 

This collection copy was circulated by Abigail Crosman, Sonyea, 

N.Y. 



By the Shakers 21 



Color illustrations on the front and back covers differ from those 
on the other copy in the collection (see no. 88). 
R no. 140 

90 Carr, Mary Frances. 

The peaceful life of the Shakers. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, 
ca. 1885]. 
,. 16 p.; 14 cm. 

^ Caption title. 

'^ Includes advertisements for Shaker medicines. 

Copy lacks illustrations, which are present in other collection 

copies. 

R no. 143 

91 [Carr, Mary Frances]. 

Shakers: a correspondence between Mary F. C. of Mount Holly 
City and a Shaker sister, Sarah L., of Union Village / edited by 
.^■'* R. W. Pelham. [Union Village, Ohio], 1868. 

24 p.; 17 cm. 

Second correspondent is Sarah Lucas. 
R no. 144 

92 [Carr, Mary Frances]. 

Shakers: a correspondence between Mary F. C. of Mt. Holly City 
^^ ' and a Shaker sister, Sarah L. of Union Village / edited by R. W. 

Pelham, Union Village, Ohio. Cincinnati: P. T. Schultz, 1869. 
23 p.; 15 cm. 

Copy lacks an illustration of the Church family dwelling and 
ministry shop at New Lebanon, N.Y. 
M no. 406; R no. 145 

93 [Carr, Mary Frances]. 

Shakers: a correspondence between Mary F. C. of Mt. Holly City 

and a Shaker sister, Sarah L. of Union Village / edited by R. W. 

Pelham, Union Village, Ohio. Springfield, Mass.: Samuel Bowles 

& Co., 1870. 

23 p.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

M no. 407; R no. 146 



A 4 



22 Printed Material 



94 Carter, Rhoda T. 

The journey of life / by Rhoda T. Carter. Concord, N.H., 1905. 

96 p., 1 plate: port.; 19 cm. 

Contains an autobiographical sketch and poetry. 

R no. 148 



95 Chandler, Lloyd Horwitz. 

A visit to the Shakers of East Canterbury, N.H. / by Lloyd H. 
Chandler, U.S.N. East Canterbury, N.H., [1894]. 
P( T 11 p., 5e. of plates: ill., ports.; 23 cm. 

Includes "A glimpse into the inner circle" by Agatha B. E. Chan- 
dler, pages 9-11. 
M no. 186; R no. 446 

96 Chapman, Mrs. Eunice (Hawley). 

An account of the conduct of the people called Shakers in the 
(J case of Eunice Chapman and her children: since her husband 

became acquainted with that people and joined their society / 
written by herself. Albany, N.Y.: Printed for the authoress, 1817. 
60 p.; 18 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 487; R no. 448; S no. 11975; SS no. 40444 

97 Chapman, Mrs. Eunice (Hawley). 

No. 2: being an additional account of the conduct of the Shakers 
in the case of Eunice Chapman and her children, with their reli- 
^ gious creed / written by herself; also a refutation of the Shakers 

P^'' remonstrance to the proceedings of the legislature of 1817, by 

Thomas Brown; also the deposition of Mary Dyer . . .; also com- 
munications from the state of Ohio . . .; also the proceedings of 
the legislature of the state of New-York. . . . Albany, N.Y.: I. W. 
Clark, 1818. 
82 p.; 19 cm. 
M no. 488; R no. 449; S no. 11976; SS no. 43576 

98 [Clapp, Charles], comp. 

The present truth for the honest enquirer. Miamisburg, Ohio: 
^A Bulletin Steam Presses, 1885. 



By the Shakers 23 



16 p.; 23 cm. 

Cover title. 

Includes four essays: "Marriage" by Daniel Fraser, "Purity" by 

Martha J. Anderson, "Christian communists (vulgarly called 

Shakers)" by Charles Clapp, and "The life in common" by 

R. Heber Newton. 

M no. 187; R no. 463 

99 A collection of harmonies and melodies adapted to sacred wor- 

ship. Canterbury, N.H.: Published and printed at the Shaker Vil- 
lage, 1878. 

\\ 40, [60] p.; 23 cm. 

Cover title: Harmonies and melodies. 

Includes a table of contents listing each hymn in the two parts of 

the volume. 

R no. 466 

A collection of millennial hymns adapted to the present order of 

the church. Canterbury, N.H.: Printed in the United Society, 

1847. 

200 p.; 14 cm. 

Compiled by Henry Clay Blinn. 

R no. 469 

101 [Collins, Sarah], comp. 

Memorial of Sister Polly C. Lewis. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1899. 
S [8] p.; 18 cm. 

M no. 376; R no. 471 

102 The constitution or covenant of the United Society of Believers, 
called Shakers, in the United States of America. Louisville, Ky.: 
Printed by John P. Morton and Co., 1883. 

^ 1 p.€., 33, [1], [52] p.; 29 cm. 

This version of the covenant may have been written by H. L. 
Eads. 

Final grouping of pages allows for the signatures of persons will- 
ing to follow the rules of the covenant and for the signatures of 
witnesses. 
R no. 475 



24 Printed Material 



103 Coolbroth, Eugenia M. 

A concise answer to the many questions asked by the public / 
^ Sister Gennie M. Coolbroth. Sabbathday Lake, Maine, 1933. 

j-..^^'-^ 1 p.^., 6 p.; 21 cm. 

Cover title: Facts about Shakers. 
R no. 477 



104 Crosman, Charles F. 

The gardener's manual: containing plain and practical directions 
for the cultivation and management of some of the most useful 
\ culinary vegetables; to which is prefixed a catalogue of the var- 

b ^ ious kinds of garden seeds raised in the United Society at New 

Lebanon, with a few general remarks on the management of a 
kitchen garden / by Charles F. Crosman. Albany, N.Y.: Printed 
by Hoffman & White, 1836. 
24 p.; 18 cm. 
R no. 484 



105 Crosman, Charles F. 

The gardener's manual: containing plain instructions for the 
y L ' selection, preparation, and management of a kitchen garden; 

' ,i<^ with nrarHral dirprtiont; fnr thp riiltivatinn and mpinappmpnt 



t 



.^0 ' with practical directions for the cultivation and management of 

some of the most useful culinary vegetables. New Lebanon, 
N.Y., 1843. (New York: J. W. Kelly, pr.). 
24 p.; 19 cm. 
R no. 485 



106 A declaration of the society of people (commonly called Shak- 
ers): shewing their reasons for refusing to aid or abet the cause 

P ■ of war and bloodshed by bearing arms, paying fines, hiring sub- 

C v^^' stitutes, or rendering any equivalent for military services. 

Albany, N.Y.: E. & E. Hosford, 1815. 
20 p.; 23 cm. 

Declaration is signed by David Meacham and twenty-three other 
Shakers. 
M no. 206; R no. 496; S no. 79702; SS no. 35908 



By the Shakers 25 



107 Dedication. . . . [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1870]. 

[4] p.; 16 cm. 
1^3 Caption title. 
' ' Includes two other Shaker poems: "Good Believers' character" 

and "A request." 

R no. 916 



108 The dew drop. No. 1 (October 1876)-no. 5 (1878?). Canterbury, 
. N.H., 1876-1878? 
^ :- 5 nos.; 15 cm. 
^ Irregular. 

Collection has number 1 only. 
R no. 506 



109 Dibble, Chancey. 

United inheritance / by Chancy Dibble. Canterbury, N.H., 
^ [ca. 1888]. 
^''^' 16 p.; 12 cm. 

Also includes "An open vision" by Amelia J. Calver, "Visions" 
by Elder J. G. Russell, and "Love [a poem]" by Mary Whitcher. 
M no. 211; R no. 507 



110 Doolittle, Mary Antoinette. 

Autobiography of Mary Antoinette Doolittle: containing a brief 

history of early life prior to becoming a member of the Shaker 
^ community; also an outline of life and experience among the 

Shakers. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1880. 

48 p.; 17 cm. 

M no. 214; R no. 509 



5^ 



111 Doolittle, Mary Antoinette. 

Autobiography of Mary Antoinette Doolittle prior to becoming a 
I member of the Shaker community at New Lebanon, N.Y., in the 

j^ ^ year 1824. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1880. 
27 p.; 17 cm. 
R no. 510 



x^ 



26 Printed Material 



111 Doolittle, Mary Antoinette. 

Thoughts concerning deity / by Antoinette Doolittle. [New Leba- 
non, N.Y., ca. 1880]. 
6 4 p.; 20 cm. 

y r- Caption title. 

M no. 216; R no. 513 

113 Doolittle, Mary Antoinette. 

War positively unchristian / Antoinette Doolittle. [New Lebanon, 
^ N.Y., ca. 1879]. 

^ ,x^ ' 6 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Also includes "The religion of the future" by G. A. Lomas. 
R no. 514 

114 Dowe, Arthur W. 
The day of judgement as taught by the Millennial Church (Shak- 
ers): with a few rays of light gathered from scriptures and other 

^ sources / by Arthur W. Dowe. San Francisco: Rembaugh, 1896. 

24 p.; 13 cm. 
M no. 218; R no. 515 

115 Drew, Ira T. 
Legal decisions of common law of the United States. [Alfred, 
Maine?], 1865. 

^ , .^> 4 p.; 24 cm. 

Xy '^ Caption title. 

Publication is in the form of a letter to Elder Otis Sawyer. 

Drew deals with the legal responsibilities of the Society due to 

actions taken by its trustees. 

M no. 219; R no. 516 

116 Dunlavy, John. 
The manifesto: or, a declaration of the doctrines and practice of 
the church of Christ / by John Dunlavy. Pleasant Hill, Ky.: 

^ \ P. Bertrand, 1818. 

vi, 520 p.; 21 cm. 



<<< 



By the Shakers 17 



The manifesto is considered to be the definitive treatise on Shaker 

religious beliefs. Dunlavy was for twenty years chief minister at 

the Pleasant Hill, Ky., community. 

This book was printed by Shakers on Shaker-made paper and 

was bound by Shakers. 

M no. 15; R no. 517; S no. 21310; SS no. 43894 

117 Dunlavy, John. 

The manifesto: or, a declaration of the doctrines and practice of 
the church of Christ / by John Dunlavy. New York: Reprinted by 
Edward O. Jenkins, 1847. 
viii, 486 p.; 24 cm. 
I "But as the author has deceased since the publication of the 

original work, some small corrections have been made by those 
of his friends who best knew his mind and feelings, and which 
are in accordance with a request made by him before his 
decease. ... A few notes have been added for the reader's 
information; but in general the original has been strictly fol- 
lowed" (advertisement, p. [iii]). 
M no. 16; R no. 518; S no. 21310 

118 Dunlavy, John. 

The nature and character of the true church of Christ proved by 

plain evidences: and showing whereby it may be known and 

distinguished from all others; being extracts from the writings of 

John Dunlavy. New York: Printed by George W. Wood, 1847. 

93 p.; 20 cm. 

Issued originally as the author's Plain evidences . . . (1834). See 

no. 120. 

M no. 220; R no. 520 



k^ 



B^ 



119 Dunlavy, John. 

The nature and character of the true church of Christ proved by 
plain evidences: and showing whereby it may be known and 
distinguished from all others; being extracts from the writings of 
^ ! John Dunlavy. New York: Printed by George W. Wood, 1850. 
93 p.; 19 cm. 
At head of title: For circulation gratis. 



28 Printed Material 



Issued originally as the author's Plain evidences . . . (1834). See 
no. 120. 
R no. 521 

120 Dunlavy, John. 

Plain evidences, by which the nature and character of the true 
church of Christ may be known and distinguished from all 
. others: taken from a work entitled "The manifesto: or, a declara- 

P\ ^ tion of the doctrines and practice of the church of Christ," pub- 

lished at Pleasant Hill, Kentucky, 1818 / by John Dunlavy. 
Albany, N.Y.: Printed by Hoffman and White, 1834. 
120 p.; 19 cm. 

Calvin Green and Seth Y. Wells chose parts of the author's Man- 
ifesto for this volume. 

Book was subsequently issued as The nature and character of the 
true church of Christ proved by plain evidences (see nos. 118, 119). 
M no. 17; R no. 522; S no. 79717; SS no. 24238 

121 Durgin, Dorothy Ann. 

In memoriam: Eldress D. A. Durgin, 1825-1898, Eldress J. J. 
Kaime, 1826-1898. Concord, N.H.: The Rumford Press, 1899. 
|X ^ 100 p., 2^. of plates: ports.; 25 cm. 

Joanna J. Kaime was Durgin's companion. Their deaths occurred 
only four months apart. 
M no. 52; R no. 831 

122 Durkee, James M. 

The spirit life. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1886]. 
^ 4 p.; 13 cm. 

CT^U."' Caption title. 

Pamphlet in the form of a letter to Elder F. W. Evans. It con- 
cerns Durkee's discussion with Isaac Auger of Hancock, Mass., 
about the spirit life. 
M no. 221; R no. 524 

123 Dyer, Caleb Marshall. 

A biography of the life and tragical death of Elder Caleb M. 
cC Dyer: together with the poem and eulogies at his funeral, 

r- -^ 



By the Shakers 29 



July 21, 1863. Manchester, N.H.: American Steam Printing 

Works of Gage, Moore & Co., 1863. 

16 p.; 21 cm. 

M no. 142; R no. 77 

124 Dyer, Joseph. 

A compendious narrative elucidating the character, disposition, 
/\ and conduct of Mary Dyer: from the time of her marriage in 1799 
■^ till she left the society called Shakers in 1815; with a few remarks 

upon certain charges which she has since published against that 
society; together with sundry depositions / by her husband, 
Joseph Dyer; to which is annexed a remonstrance against the 
testimony and application of the said Mary for legislative inter- 
ference. 2d ed. Pittsfield, Mass.: Printed by J. M. Beckwith at the 
Office of the Berkshire American, 1826. 
80 p.; 24 cm. 
M no. 223; R no. 529; S no. 21591; SS no. 24390 

125 Dyer, Mary Marshall. 

A portraiture of Shakerism: exhibiting a general view of their 
^ character and conduct, from the first appearance of Ann Lee in 

■^ New-England, down to the present time, and certified by many 

respectable authorities / drawn up by Mary M. Dyer. [Haverhill, 

N.H.: Sylvester T. Goss], 1822. 

446 p.; 18 cm. 

Lacks the errata sheet that is found in some copies. 

M no. 494; R no. 532; S no. 21595; SS no. 9366 

126 Dyer, Mary Marshall. 

The rise and progress of the serpent from the Garden of Eden to 
the present day: with a disclosure of Shakerism, exhibiting a 
^ general view of their real character and conduct from the first 

appearance of Ann Lee; also the Hfe and sufferings of the author 
who was Mary M. Dyer, but now is Mary Marshall. Concord, 
N.H.: Printed for the author, 1847. 
1 p.L, 268 p.: port.; 19 cm. 
Includes bibliographical references. 
M no. 18; R no. 535; S no. 21597 



30 Printed Material 



127 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

Condition of society and its only hope in obeying the everlasting 
gospel: as now developing among Believers in Christ's Second 
Ps H Appearing. Union Village, Ohio: Printed and published at the 

"Day-Star" Office, 1847. 
120 p.; 15 cm. 

Printed originally in the newspaper the Day-Star in 1847. 
M no. 202; R no. 540; S no. 79701 

128 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

Discourses on religion, science, and education / by H. L. Eads; 
k )| published by request. South Union, Ky., 1884. 

20 p.; 23 cm. 
M no. 224; R no. 541 

129 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

Expression of faith: a discursive letter / by H. L. Eads. Orange, 
N.J.: Printed for the author at the Chronicle & Job Printing 
Office, 1875. 
\^ ^ 44 p.; 18 cm. 

Contains supplement. 
M no. 19; R no. 542 






130 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

A Shaker letter. Canterbury, N.H.: Printed by the Canterbury 

Shakers, 1880. 

8 p.; 17 cm. 

Caption title. 

Letter is addressed to E. D. S. (Elmina D. Slenker). 

M no. 225; R no. 544 



131 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

Shaker sermons, scripto-rational: containing the substance of 
Shaker theology, together with replies and criticisms, logically 
^ ' and clearly set forth / by H. L. Eads. Shakers, N.Y.: The Shaker 

Manifesto, 1879. (Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons & Co., pr.). 
3 p.€., 222 p., 1 plate: port.; 24 cm. 



By the Shakers 31 



"The author and orator began life among the Shakers when less 
than one year old, and may therefore be supposed to be [an] 
excellent authority upon Shaker theology. It is the first book ever 
written for publication, by an individual whose whole life has 
been consecratedly devoted to and guided by the principles of 
Shakerism" (preface). 
M no. 20; R no. 545 

132 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

Shaker sermons, scripto-rational: containing the substance of 
Shaker theology, together with replies and criticisms, logically 
j^ ' and clearly set forth / by H. L. Eads. 3d ed., rev. & enl. South 

Union, Ky., 1884. 
iv, 287 p., 1 plate: port.; 24 cm. 
M no. 22; R no. 547 

133 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

Shaker sermons, scripto-rational: containing the substance of 
Shaker theology, together with replies and criticisms, 
^ \ logically and clearly set forth / by H. L. Eads. 4th ed., rev. & 

enl. South Union, Ky., 1887. 
vi, 320 p., 1 plate: port.; 24 cm. 
Cover title: The faith once delivered to the saints. 
M no. 23; R no. 548 

134 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

Shaker sermons, scripto-rational: containing the substance of 
. Shaker theology, together with replies and criticisms, logically 

Jp and clearly set forth / by H. L. Eads. 5th ed., rev. & enl. South 

Union, Ky., 1889. 
vi, 366 p., 1 plate: port.; 24 cm. 
Cover title: The faith once delivered to the saints. 
M no. 24; R no. 549 

135 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 

The tailor's division system: founded upon and combined with 
actual measurement; containing thirty diagrams and designs, 
reduced to mathematical principles / by Harvey L. Eades. Union 
Village, Ohio, 1849. 



ft 



32 Printed Material 



23L, 21€. of plates: ill., diagrams.; 55 cm. 
Copy lacks plate 17. 
M no. 25; R no. 550 

136 Eads, Harvey Lauderdale. 
Types of Christ and manner of his second coming / by Elder 

i- H. L. Eads. South Union, Ky., 1878. 

20 p.; 19 cm. 
M no. 226; R no. 551 

137 Easton, Elizabeth. 
To Sister Sarah Collins on her 80th birthday. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 
[1935]. 

1 broadside; 16 cm. 
Eight-stanza poem. 

Elam, Aida. 

History of the Shakers, education and recreation: a brief history / 

Sister Aida Elam; Sister Miriam Wall, Canterbury Shakers. [Pen- 

acook, N.H.: Hazen Printing Co., 1963]. 

[20] p.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

R no. 554 

139 Elkins, Hervey. 

Fifteen years in the senior order of Shakers: a narration of facts 
\ concerning that singular people / by Hervey Elkins. Hanover, 

N.H.: Dartmouth Press, 1853. 
136 p.; 24 cm. 
\^ *^ Elkins lived at the Enfield, N.H., community from his childhood 

to 1850. 
M no. 228; R no. 558; S no. 22197 



u 






^v> 


' 138 




A\ 


^ 


o^' 






^ 



140 Enfield, Conn., Community. 

Fresh herbs raised, gathered, and put up by the United Soci- 
ii ^0 \ ety — Shakers — Enfield, Conn. Thompson ville. Conn.: Jefferson 

A^ White, [ca. 1855]. 



By the Shakers 33 



1 broadside; 57 cm. 

Broadside catalogue offering about three hundred items. 

R no. 195 

141 Enfield, Conn., Community. 

Garden seeds, fresh and genuine: raised by the United Society — 
^,C' Shakers — Enfield, Conn.; address Jefferson White, Thompson- 

ville, P. O., Connecticut [on or before July, annually], seedsman 
■^r^" and agent. [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1855]. 

1 broadside; 50 cm. 

Brackets in the title reflect the original punctuation. 

Used to sell seeds by James Kilvin of Columbus, Ga. 

R no. 200 

142 Enfield, N.H., Community. 

Catalogue of medicinal plants and vegetable medicines: to which 

is annexed their most prominent medical properties; prepared in 

the United Society at Enfield, N.H. Concord, N.H.: From L. L. 

Mower's Printing Engine, [ca. 1865]. 

7 p.; 19 cm. 

Cover title. 

Collection copy asks readers to address orders to Hiram C. 

Baker. 

R no. 204 



,o\ 



143 Enfield, N.H., Community. 

Shaker medicines: approved by the regular faculty; prepared in 
u 3'^ ' the United Society of Shakers, by Dr. Jerub Dyer. Boston, Mass. 
^_ Devereux & Co., [ca. 1850]. 
K 1^^ 1 broadside; 72 cm. 

Broadside advertising vegetable-based medicines, "the remedial 
powers of which have been known for a long time and are in 
extensive use in the whole civilized world." 

144 Evans, Frederick William. 

u (9^T? American Shakers. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1885]. 



, ^^^^ 



1 broadside; 28 cm. 



34 Printed Material 



Between title and text: Elder F. W. Evans in London, England, 

Food Reform Magazine for June. 

Concerns vegetarianism, the personal habits of Shakers, and 

Shaker beliefs. 

M no. 229; R no. 569 

145 Evans, Frederick William. 
American vegetarianism. 

^0S2. p. 22 

In The independent vegetarian advocate: a magazine of human 
nature, science, and social progress. No. 6 (January 1891). 

146 Evans, Frederick William. 

Atlantic cable and materialization. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1880]. 
i^ §43 1 broadside; 42 x 8 cm. 

\>V*?i3 Originally appeared in the American Socialist, January 1879. 

Text matches that of Elder Evans on materialization, which is not in 
the collection. 
R no. 573 

147 Evans, Frederick William. 

Autobiography of a Shaker and revelation of the apocalypse: 
with an index. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1869. (Albany, N.Y.: 
Charles Van Benthuysen & Sons, pr.). 
J \ 162 p.; 21 cm. 

Book is identical to the New York City publication (no. 148), 
except for its title page. 
M no. 27; R no. 574 

148 Evans, Frederick William. 

Autobiography of a Shaker and revelation of the apocalypse: 
with an appendix. New York: For sale by the American News 
^ \ Co., 1869. 

162 p.; 21 cm. 

Book is identical to the New Lebanon publication (no. 147), 

except for its title page. 

M no. 28; R no. 575 



By the Shakers 35 



149 Evans, Frederick William. 

Autobiography of a Shaker and revelation of the apocalypse: 
with an appendix. New & enl. ed. with a port. Glasgow, Scot- 
land: United Pub. Co.; New York: American News Co., 1888. 
(Glasgow: H. Nisbet & Co., pr.). 
xvi, 271, [1] p.: port.; 20 cm. 
Copy lacks the portrait. 

Unnumbered page contains information that would be useful to 
someone visiting a Shaker community. 
M no. 29; R no. 576 

150 Evans, Frederick William. 

Capital and labor: what is in a name?; wail of a striker / by Elder 
2C F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [1886]. 
Cv^^' 11 p.; 14 cm. 

Cover title. 

Includes the three essays cited in the title statement. 
M no. 232; R no. 580 

151 Evans, Frederick William. 

Carniverous parrots: Elder Evans' theory of the wonders of ani- 
mal life. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1882. 
1 broadside; 27 cm. 
c^Pi ^'^ ' Reprint of a letter dated February 20, 1882, to the Berkshire Eagle. 
M no. 233; R no. 581 



152 Evans, Frederick William. 

Christ. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [1883]. 
1 broadside; 24 cm. 
ji^i. Reprinted from the Berkshire County Eagle. 
M no. 235; R no. 583 



4^^^ 



153 Evans, Frederick William. 

The conditions of peace / by Elder F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, 
gr N.Y., 1890. 
1^''^' 1 p.€., 6p.; 14 cm. 

Essay in the form of a letter to Alfred Love, president of the 
Universal Peace Union. 
M no. 236; R no. 584 



36 Printed Material 



154 Evans, Frederick William. 

Confession of sin. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1890]. 
i:^j3» 4 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 237; R no. 585 

155 Evans, Frederick William. 
Correspondence. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1890. 

^ ^^ r ^ broadside; 30 cm. 

\dfi>^ Offprinted from the Manifesto, November 1890, this broadside 

■— ' o includes two letters, one from a J. W. of Carlinville, 111., and one 

^ * - from Elder Evans. Evans gives reasons why J. W. would not 

jv ]^^ make a good Shaker. 

M no. 239; R no. 586 



S> 



156 Evans, Frederick William. 

The country: a new earth and new heavens / by Elder F. W. 
Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1890]. 
^v^^'^ 8 p.; 14 cm. 

Cover title. 
M no. 238; R no. 587 

157 Evans, Frederick William. 

c. Cruelty to birds. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1888. 

^ ^^^ 1 broadside; 24 cm. 

^G 3> Concerns, chiefly, the wearing of feathered ornaments by 
^ women. 

R no. 589 



s^^ 



158 Evans, Frederick William. 

Cruelty to birds. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1888. 
^a'hS [2] p.; 22 cm. 

^ ^ Caphon title. 

/J Also contains two other essays by Evans: "Elder Evans' plat- 

l\ form," which concerns Shaker conduct of life, and "A test case 

at Lebanon," about the Shakers' refusal to accept a sixty-four- 
year-old woman into membership. 
R no. 588 



By the Shakers 37 



159 Evans, Frederick William. 

Egyptian Sphinx. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1890]. 
r;^j> 8 p.; 15 cm. 
^ Includes the poem "To the Sphinx" by L. L. Stoddard. 

Caption title. 

M no. 240; R no. 590 

160 Evans, Frederick William. 

Elder Evans on collecting debts. [Albany, N.Y.?], 1883. 
ji '^^^ 1 broadside; 16 cm. 

^-^.'^In the form of a letter to the editor of the Albany Evening Journal, 
■"^ \^ this item resembles an offprint that may have been issued by the 

newspaper. 

See no. 471 for the paper's reply. 

Text matches that of entry no. 161. 

R no. 592 

161 Evans, Frederick William. 

,, Elder Evans on collecting debts. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1883. 
^ '^^ 1 broadside; 17 cm. 

jj^-\3. ' Reprint of a letter to the New York Tribune, October 14, 1883. 
^ Text matches that of entry no. 160. 

M no. 241; R no. 591 



^^3.6 



162 Evans, Frederick William. 
Elder Evans' reply. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1884. 
1 broadside; 24 cm. 

Broadside replying to a letter from W. Baker of Gore, Otago, 
New Zealand, who had inquired about Shaker beliefs (see 
no. 40). 

R no. 594 

163 Evans, Frederick William. 

Elder Evans to Henry George. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1885]. 

3 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Evans is referred to as "the amiable Shaker" in an introductory 

note. 

R no. 595 



.J 



38 Printed Material 



164 Evans, Frederick William. 
God is God. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1892]. 
13 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 

Also contains "Physical and spiritual light" by Anna White and 
"Confession of sin," "Religious sentiment," and "Our parentage' 
by M. J. Anderson. 
M no. 244; R no. 598 

165 Evans, Frederick William. 

"A great white throne" / by Elder Frederick W. Evans. Chatham, 
■^ ,^ N.Y.: Courier Printing and Publishing House, 1889. 

& '"'' 8 p.; 13 cm. 

Cover title. 
M no. 246; R no. 601 



*«>■ 



166 Evans, Frederick William. 
Interesting correspondence. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?], 1884. 

.■3- 1 broadside; 29 cm. 

,., In this broadside an unidentified writer asks if Shaker services at 

^iV^ New Lebanon, N.Y., are open to the public. Evans replies that 

t>^ at present they are not because of road work being done in front 

of the meetinghouse. Evans also comments on the persecution of 
Mormons in Tennessee. 
M no. 247; R no. 603 

167 Evans, Frederick William. 

Lecture delivered in Taylor's Hall, Amenia, N.Y. / by F. W. 
^ O'"* Evans. Amenia, N.Y.: Amenia Times, [ca. 1880]. 

t '^ 4 p.; 20 cm. 

Caption title. 

Following text: Amenia Times — extra. 

M no. 288; R no. 606 

168 Evans, Frederick William. 

. Liberalism, spiritualism and Shakerism: an address / by Elder 

J' ^ F. W. Evans. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1880]. 



^ 



By the Shakers 39 



8 p.; 16 cm. 

Caption title. 

M no. 250; R no. 609 

169 Evans, Frederick William. 

zc Liberty of conscience / by Elder F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, 

■^' N.Y., 1890. 

g^ 4 p.; 15 cm. 

Caption title. 

Essay in the form of a letter to "Friend Eagle" (perhaps the Berk- 
shire County Eagle). 
Mno. 251;' R no. 610 

170 Evans, Frederick William. 

The new earth. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1885]. 
1 broadside; 25 cm. 
^.'Zv Concerns spiritualism. 
M no. 252; R no. 611 

171 Evans, Frederick William. 

New England witchcraft and spiritualism / by Elder F. W. Evans. 
[New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1881]. 
0'^ 8 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 253; R no. 612 

172 Evans, Frederick William. 

Obituary: death of a prominent Shaker in the community at Water- 
j vliet, N.Y. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1891]. 

4 p.; 20 cm. 
Caption title. 

The "prominent Shaker" of the title was Giles B. Avery. 
M no. 255; R no. 614 

173 Evans, Frederick William. 

Obituary: Rufus Crossman / by Elder F. W. Evans; Why am I a 
^N^ ' ' Christian, by Walter Shepherd. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1891. 

5 p.; 14 cm. 

M no. 256; R no. 615 



(.'■'■ 



40 Printed Material 



174 Evans, Frederick William. 

Original ideas / F. W. Evans. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1890]. 
'^^ 4 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 
M no. 258; R no. 618 



.0 



175 Evans, Frederick William. 

Our centennial, the other side [of the question]: second centen- 
'i^ nial / by Elder Frederick W. Evans. Chatham, N.Y.: Press of the 

^ '^^ Chatham Courier, 1889. 

8 p.; 12 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 260; R no. 619 



.^^' 



b 



176 Evans, Frederick William. 
Proposed memorial to the late Rev. Henry Ward Beecher / F. W. 

Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1887. 

21 p.; 14 cm. 

Cover title. 

Includes an appendix by Alonzo Hollister. 

M no. 261; R no. 621 

177 Evans, Frederick William. 
Religious communism. 

gc,> p. [257]-259, 262-263 
*^ In The medium and daybreak: a weekly journal devoted to the 

history, phenomena, philosophy, and teachings of spiritualism. 
Vol. 2, no. 71 (August 11, 1871). 
Evans's lecture was also printed in pamphlet form (no. 178). 

178 Evans, Frederick William. 

Religious communism: a lecture / by F. W. Evans (Shaker) of 
, Mount Lebanon, Columbia Co., New York, U.S.A., delivered in 

^ . St. George's Hall, London, Sunday evening, August 6th, 1871; 

with introductory remarks by the chairman of the meeting, 
Mr. Hepworth Dixon; also some account of the extent of Shaker 
communities and a narrative of the visit of Elder Evans to Eng- 
land, an abstract of a lecture, by Rev. J. M. Peebles, and his tes- 
timony in regard to the Shakers, London: J. Burns, 1871. 



By the Shakers 41 



32 p.; 18 cm. 

Lecture also appeared in the August 11, 1871, issue of the 

Medium and daybreak, a London periodical (no. 177). 

M no. 263; R no. 622 



.^ 



179 Evans, Frederick William. 
A remarkable old man: Elder Evans at the age of 80 still bent on 
reforming the world. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, 1888]. 

'' 14 p.; 13 cm. 

Caption title. 

Interview that originally appeared in the New York Sun. 
M no. 419; R no. 1231 

180 Evans, Frederick William. 

^ Resurrection / by Elder F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [1890]. 
f^ .N^ ' 7 p.; 15 cm. 

M no. 264; R no. 624 

181 Evans, Frederick William. 

Robert G. Ingersoll for 1892 / by Elder F. W. Evans. 
(^ Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [1892]. 
^,>^' 4 p.; 15 cm. 

"Elder Evans of the Lebanon Shakers nominates R. G. Ingersoll 
for president and proceeds to express some curious political 
ideas" (p. [2]). 
M no. 265; R no. 625 






182 Evans, Frederick William. 

r The rostrum / lecture by Elder F. W. Evans, 
p. 5, 8 

In Religio-philosophical journal (May 16, 1874). 
"The following lecture was delivered by Elder Frederick W. 
Evans, at Lincoln Hall, Philadelphia, Penn., before the State 
Society of Spiritualists, at their annual meeting, March 30th, 
1874. Reported by H. T. Child" (p. 5). 



183 Evans, Frederick William. 

-^i Russian famine: a Shaker protest against closing the World's Fair 
,,J ' on Sunday / by Elder F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1891. 



42 Printed Material 



6 p.; 16 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 266; R no. 626 

184 Evans, Frederick William. 
Sabbath. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1886]. 

Sf\0^-'^^ 7 p.; 14 cm. 

Essay in the form of a letter to the Berkshire County Eagle. 
M no. 267; R no. 627 

185 Evans, Frederick William. 

Sabbaths vs. the people: Shaker address to the American people, 
C (s^' ^ ^ male and female / by Elder Frederick W. Evans. Pittsfield, Mass.: 
Press Eagle Pub. Co., 1892. 
8 p.; 15 cm. 
Cover title. 

Concerns the World's Columbian Exposition, which was to be 
held in Chicago in 1893, and Evans's hope that it would remain 
open seven days a week. 
M no. 268; R no. 628 



A 



186 Evans, Frederick William. 
^ Shaker communism: or, tests of divine inspiration; the second 

' Christian or Gentile Pentecostal Church, as exemplified by 

seventy communities of Shakers in America / by F. W. Evans. 

London: James Burns, 1871. 

vii, 120 p.; 19 cm. 

James Burns published other Shaker materials as well. 

Slightly revised version of this book was published earlier under 

the title Tests of divine inspiration (see no. 219). 

M no. 37; R no. 629 

187 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shaker essay. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1880]. 
r,-^v^.'^^ 7 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 

Evans wrote this essay for the Ladies' Club of Boston. 
M no. 269; R no. 631 



By the Shakers 43 



188 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shaker Evans. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1886. 
1 broadside; 29 cm. 

This item is part of a letter Evans sent to a Lancashire friend 
about Shaker doctrines. It has been reprinted from the Manches- 
ter Guardian (England), probably at the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
community. 
M no. 440; R no. 632 



189 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shaker land limitation laws: why Shakers are decreasing. [S.I.: 
s.n., ca. 1887]. 
1 broadside; 16 x 21 cm. 

"Elder Evans says they have acquired too much land. — Interest- 
ing open letter." The letter was to Henry George. 
M no. 270; R no. 633 






190 [Evans, Frederick William], comp. 

Shaker music: inspirational hymns and melodies illlustrative of 
the resurrection, life and testimony of the Shakers. Albany, 
?- N.Y.: Weed, Parsons and Co., 1875. 

[2], 67 p., U.; 20 x 24 cm. 

Attribution has been made by the Library of Congress. 
Includes errata leaf and "The dependence of the singing or 
speaking form of the larynx upon the respiratory effort" by John 
Howard. 

M no. 91 (attributes the compilation to Daniel Offord and 
Martha J. Anderson); R no. 1293 

191 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shaker pentecost. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1874]. 
^,;, 'I 3 p.; 24 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 273; R no. 635 

192 Evans, Frederick William. 

(^ Shaker reconstruction of the American government / by Elder 
, . ^ F. W. Evans. Hudson, N.Y.: Office Register and Gazette, 1888. 



44 Printed Material 



8 p.; 13 cm. 

Cover title. 

Essay in the form of a letter to the Hudson Daily/ Register. 

M no. 274; R no. 636 

193 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shaker-Russian correspondence between Count Leo Tolstoi and 
(p Elder F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1891. 

1^'^ ' 7 p.; 15 cm. 

Also contains a paragraph, reprinted from Hall's journal of health, 
on the benefits of whole wheat. 
M no. 275; R no. 641 






>^ 



t 



194 Evans, Frederick William. 
Shaker sermon / by Elder F. W. Evans; delivered Sept. 12th, 
1886, at the funeral of John Greves of the North family. 
Mount Lebanon, Col. Co., N.Y. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1886. 
15 p.; 15 cm. 

Caption title. 

Sermon is entitled "He is not here." 

M no. 280; R no. 637 

195 Evans, Frederick William. 

The Shaker system and a lecture delivered at Randolph, Cattar- 
,^^ augus Co., N.Y., December 9, 1877 / by Elder F. W. Evans. 

Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons and Co., 1877. 
19 p.; 13 cm. 
Cover title. 

Lecture is entitled "Pure vs. adulterated Christianity." 
M no. 282; R no. 638 

196 Evans, Frederick William. 

, Shaker travail: an essay / by F. W. Evans; written over thirty 

. ''' years ago. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1891. 

13 p.; 15 cm. 

Essay is dated February 27, 1858. 
M no. 283; R no. 639 



Bi/ the Shakers 45 



197 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shaker views and reviews. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1886]. 
-,^7'"^ 6 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 284; R no. 640 

198 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shakerism. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1886]. 
(f 4 p.; 14 cm. 
^ *^ Caption title. 

Also includes Evans's "Land limitation: Elder Evans of the Shak- 
ers discusses an economical problem" and "The solution of the 
labor problem" by Daniel Eraser. 
M no. 287; R no. 642 

199 Evans, Frederick William. 

, Shakerism: "the possibility of the race" / being letters of A. B. B. 

^<A^' and Elder F. W. Evans. [Watervliet, N.Y.]: Office of the Shakers, 

1872. 

14 p.; 13 cm. 
M no. 290; R no. 60 

200 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shakerism in London / address by Frederick W. Evans (Elder in 
^ I in the order of Shakers), Dr. Peebles, J. Burns, and others at Clare- 
^ mont Hall, Penton St., London N.; Sunday evening, July 3, 

1887. London: Reprinted from the Medium and Daybreak, 1887. 

8 p.; 19 cm. 

M no. 289; R no. 643 

201 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shakers: compendium of the origin, history, principles, rules 
and regulations, government, and doctrines of the United Soci- 
ety of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing; with biographies 
of Ann Lee, William Lee, Jas. Whittaker, J. Hocknell, 



ftX 



M 



46 Printed Material 



J. Meacham, and Lucy Wright / by F. W. Evans. New York: 
D. Appleton and Co., 1859. 
189 p.; 19 cm. 

Brief summary of the Shaker movement compiled from various 
writings by Evans and others. 

Collection contains two copies. Number 1 has genealogical infor- 
mation on the Evans family that has been copied from the family 
Bible and includes the record of Frederick William's birth in 
1808. It also has an inscription from the publisher to Evans pre- 
senting the volume to him as "the first Shaker book ever pub- 
lished by the world. ..." Both the genealogical data and the 
inscription are on blank preliminary pages. 
M no. 32; R no. 646; S no. 23152 

202 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shakers: compendium of the origin, history, principles, rules 
and regulations, government, and doctrines of the United Soci- 
ety of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing; with biographies 
of Ann Lee, William Lee, Jas. Whittaker, J. Hocknell, 
J. Meacham, and Lucy Wright. 4th ed. / by F. W. Evans. New 
Lebanon, N.Y., 1867. (Albany, N.Y.: Charles Van Benthuysen & 
Sons, pr.). 
192 p.; 18 cm. 

Published originally in 1859. 

Evans, Calvin Green, and Giles Avery all signed the reader's 
note. 
R no. 649 



203 Evans, Frederick William. 

The Shakers: interesting correspondence. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, 
^2^^ ca. 1885]. 

(• 1 broadside; 30 cm. 



s^ 



W In the form of letters, one from Frederick G. Obermain and the 

other from Evans, this broadside contains a brief explanation of 
Shaker theology. Also included is a reprint of an article by Evans 
in the January 31, 1885, Manchester Guardian (England) entitled 
"An American Shaker on English politics." 
R no. 650 



By the Shakers 47 



204 Evans, Frederick William. 

The Shakers: who they are and what they believe. Mt. Lebanon, 
^ N.Y., 1885. 
^f>^' 12 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Evans's essay is in the form of a letter answering one written by 
Sherman P. Hand, a Shaker observer since childhood. 
M no. 286; R no. 651 



205 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shakers and Koreshans uniting / F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, 
N.Y., 1892. 
8 p.; 14 cm. 
R no. 652 



^,^-■ 



206 Evans, Frederick William. 
The Shakers and their belief. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 

^^»fO [2] p.; 21 cm. 

Caption title. 
K ]^^^ Written in response to a letter from A. Gottschling, this letter 

originally appeared in the London Weekly Times and Echo. 

M no. 277; R no. 653 

207 Evans, Frederick William. 

A Shaker's ideas. [Albany, N.Y.?: Albany Journal, ca. 1885]. 
u jj.'' 1 broadside; 30 cm. 

r,'^ . '-' Letter to the Albany journal on the occasion of General Ulysses S. 



1^ ' Grant's funeral, presumably offprinted to this form by the 

iri newspape 

. ,> Text matcl 
l|2^' R no. 655 



^^ newspaper. 

»^ ° > Text matches that of entry no. 208 



208 Evans, Frederick William. 

A Shaker's ideas. [Albany, N.Y.?: Albany Journal, ca. 1885]. 
M,^ 1 broadside; 18 cm. 

J ^ In double columns. The text matches that of entry no. 207. 

<^C^.- M no. 443; R no. 654 



48 Printed Material 



209 Evans, Frederick William. 

A Shaker's look into the future / by Elder F. W. Evans. 
,, ^ Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1885. 

1^'^ [4] p.; 16 cm. 

Caption title. 

Text matches that of What the future zvill be (no. 223). 
R no. 656 



210 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shakers' sabbath: composed of seven days . . . / F. W. Evans. 
^1 [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1892]. 

^ i^*^ ■ 4 p.; 15 cm. 

Caption title. 

Open letter in reply to an article by John McCabe in the Albany 
Evening Journal. 
M no. 279; R no. 659 

211 Evans, Frederick William. 

Shakers shaking the old creation: the "first heavens and first 
^\ earth" / by Elder Frederick W. Evans. Hudson, N.Y.: Press of 

^ v^^ ' M. Parker Williams, 1889. 

16 p.; 12 cm. 

Also contains an essay by Evans entitled "Original ideas" (no. 
174). 

"Anything the Elder says or writes at this time attracts wide 
attention, and is read with an interest which, while not convinc- 
ing, is, to say the least, entertaining" (comment from the Hudson 
Daily Register, p. [2]). 
M no. 281; R no. 660 



t 



111 Evans, Frederick William. 
. ; A Shaker's views on the land limitation scheme and land 

^<J • monopoly: and Mormon prosecution / by Elder F. W. Evans. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1887]. 
8 p.; 14 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 285; R no. 661 



By the Shakers 49 



213 Evans, Frederick William. 
A short treatise on the second appearing of Christ: in and 
through the order of the female / by F. W. Evans. Boston: Bazin 
& Chandler, 1853. 
24 p.; 19 cm. 
M no. 292; R no. 663 

214 Evans, Frederick William. 
The sign in the heavens: the relation of President Garfield's 
death to the fulfillment of prophecy. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1881. 
1 broadside; 27 cm. 

Reprint of a letter sent by Evans to the New York Tribune, 
September 26, 1881. 

M no. 293; R no. 664 

215 Evans, Frederick William. 

Speaking Shakerism: young men in Switzerland propose to form 
J, 3^ a community. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1891]. 
^^ 7 p.; 15 cm. 

Caption title. 

In the form of an exchange of letters between Frederick Fellen- 
berg of Switzerland and Evans. Feilenberg had expressed an 
interest in starting a community where vegetarianism would be 
practiced. 
M no. 294; R no. 692 

216 Evans, Frederick William. 

lA Spirits the Shakers saw: Wm. Eddy's works at Mt. Lebanon — 
\^ If marvelous materializations — a son and daughter of Belshazzar 

^^"1 ■ ^ appear — the man who wrote upon the wall. [Pittsfield, Mass.]: 
* Berkshire County Eagle, 1878. 

1 broadside; 36 cm. 

Discusses seances that William Eddy conducted at New Leba- 
non, N.Y. Traditionally credited to Elder Evans, this article may 
actually have been written by Alonzo Giles Hollister. 
Offprinted from the Berkshire County Ea^le, July 4, 1878. 
M no. 448; R no. 665 



50 Printed Material 



217 Evans, Frederick William. 

ilA Spiritual materialization: Elder Evans, of the Shaker community, 

J-- ^ I sets forth the significance of the manna that fed the Israelites. 

i;i.&'' ' [Brooklyn, N.Y.?: Brooklyn Daily Eagle?, ca. 1880]. 

-^" 1 broadside; 36 cm. 

^ ^^ ,3^ At head of title: From the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 

^()(p" Presumably an offprint from the newspaper in which the essay 

^ 1^ ' appeared. 

M no. 295; R no. 666 

218 Evans, Frederick William. 

A suggestion. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1885]. 
2>^ 4 p.; 16 cm. 
t ^ ' Caption title. 

Also includes "Education" by Elder Richard Bushnell. 
M no. 296; R no. 667 



■f 



219 Evans, Frederick William. 
Tests of divine inspiration: or, the rudimental principles by 
which true and false revelation, in all eras of the world, can be 

P unerringly discriminated / by F. W. Evans. New Lebanon, N.Y.: 

^ . ^ Pub. by the United Society called Shakers, 1853. 

*^' 127 p.; 20 cm. 

Also includes the writings of Calvin Green. 

Published in 1871, slightly revised, as Shaker communism (see 

no. 186). 

M nos. 35, 36; R no. 670; S no. 23152 

220 Evans, Frederick William. 

, Treatise on Shaker theology / by Elder F. W. Evans. [New Leba- 
v; ^0. -' non, N.Y., ca. 1885]. 
^ 17 p.; 18 cm. 

Cover title. 

Contains a note written by Richard Bushnell. 

M no. 298; R no. 672 

221 Evans, Frederick William. 

I Two orders, Shakerism and republicanism: the American church 

r i^\J • and American civil government, coequal and separate, the new 



By the Shakers 51 



heavens and new earth / by Elder Frederick W. Evans. Pittsfield, 
Mass.: Sun Printing Co., 1890. 
12 p.; 13 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 673 

222 Evans, Frederick William. 
/ ^^ ^ The universal republic: a Shaker pronunciamento / by Elder 
^ F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1890]. 

£s, )iJ'<^'^ 1 broadside; 29 cm. 
M no. 300; R no. 676 



^ %^^ 



223 Evans, Frederick William. 
What the future will be: a Shaker's long look ahead / Elder F. W. 
Evans in the Manifesto. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1885]. 

^ r\ \ ^5^ 1 broadside; 26 cm. 

Text matches that of A Shaker's look into the future (no. 209). 
R no. 679 

224 Evans, Frederick William. 

^g White cross celibacy. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1888]. 
1 broadside; 24 cm. 



st^ 



)4^ ' M no. 303; R no. 680 

225 Evans, Frederick William. 

Who is Ann Lee?: what evidence is there that she is the second 
messiah / by Elder F. W. Evans. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1889. 
3. 13 p.; 15 cm. 
<i\'^ ' Cover title. 

In the form of an exchange of letters between John H. Lane, 
who inquires about Ann Lee, and Evans, who responds. 
M no. 304; R no. 681 

226 Evans, Frederick William. 

^i/^ The World's Fair: a letter / from Elder F. W. Evans. 

^ ,^ Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1881. 
' -^ 1 broadside; 22 cm. 

^4 6^ 



52 Printed Material 



This printed letter dated by Evans on January 17, 1881, originally 
appeared in the New York Tribune; it concerns the intended clos- 
ing of the fair on Sundays. 
R no. 682 

227 Evans, Frederick William. 

The World's Fair: shall it be closed one day in the week to please 
j^ . 3^ 3 certain sect / Elder Frederick W. Evans. Pittsfield, Mass.: Press 
t ^ ' Eagle Publishing Co., 1891. 

5 p.; 12 cm. 

Cover title. 

M no. 305; R no. 683 

228 [Evans, Jessie]. 

The story of Shakerism / by one who knows. East Canterbury, 
ff,^'^ N.H.: Shakers, 1907. 

16 p.; 19 cm. 
Cover title. 

Includes a description of the buildings at the Shaker community 
in East Canterbury, N.H. 
R no. 684 

229 [Evans, Jessie]. 

The story of Shakerism / by one who knows. East Canterbury, 
r^,^^;'1 N.H.: Shakers, 1910. 
^ 16 p.; 19 cm. 

Cover title. 

While substantially the same text as the 1907 edition, some of 

the wording has been changed. (See no. 228.) 

R no. 685 

230 Fifteen years a Shakeress. 

p. [29]-38, [191J-201, [337]-346, [460]-470 

/n The galaxy. Vol. 13, nos. 1-4 (January- April 1872). 

Anonymously written account of life in the Shaker community at 

Watervliet, N.Y. 

R no. 1554 



C^ 



By the Shakers 53 



231 The first authoritive and comprehensive history of the sect: 
Shakerism, its meaning and message . . ., by Anna White and 

^^5 Leila S. Taylor. . . . [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1904]. 
'^"^' [4] p.; 19 cm. 
Caption title. 

Publication announcement; contains many testimonials. 
R no. 1444 

232 Fragrance from the altar of incense: Shaker contributions to the 
Flaming sword. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1892]. 

^r^/''' 23 p.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

Contributions of the North family of New Lebanon, N.Y., to the 
Flamifig sword, issued by the Koreshan Unity. 
M no. 306; R no. 700 

233 Fraser, Daniel. 

Analysis of human society: declaring the law which creates and 
^ ^' sustains a community having goods in common / Daniel Fraser. 
"^ ' [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1885]. 

8 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 307; R no. 701 

234 Fraser, Daniel. 

The divine afflatus: a force in history. Shirley, Mass.: Published 
I by the United Society, 1875. (Boston: Rand, Avery & Co., pr.). 

46, [1] p.; 19 cm. 

Unnumbered page gives a list of Shaker communities with the 
names of the elders and eldresses in the hope that readers will 
write for further information about the Shakers and their cooper- 
ative lifestyle. 
M no. 212; R no. 702 

235 Fraser, Daniel. 

^^ The divine procedure in the affairs of men / Daniel Fraser. [Can- 
V ,-,^' ^ * terbury, N.H., ca. 1888]. 



54 Printed Material 



4 p.; 24 cm. 
Caption title. 
R no. 703 

236 Fraser, Daniel. 

The divinity of humanity: the corner-stone of the temple of the 
r "^^ future. Boston: Rand, Avery & Co., 1874. 

' '^ 8 p.; 16 cm. 

Cover title. 

M no. 213; R no. 704 

237 [Fraser, Daniel]. 

It / ^§ ^^^ labor question: the millionaire and the republic. [S.I.: s.n., 

^ ^ 1878?]. 

^ K \'5^*^ 1 broadside; 26 cm. 

Sometimes attributed to F. W. Evans, this essay appeared under 
Eraser's name in an 1878 issue of the Manifesto. 
M no. 352; R no. 705 

238 Fraser, Daniel. 
[Letter concerning the Irish question. S.I.: s.n.], 1885. 
1 broadside; 33 cm. 

Printed letter addressed to Joseph Chamberlain, M.P., and dated 
October 1, 1885. The letter discusses relations between England 
and Ireland and counsels its recipient according to Shaker beliefs 
on nonviolence and religious adherence. 
R no. 706 

239 Fraser, Daniel. 
I A letter touching important principles / Daniel Fraser. [New 

-; ^^^, P^ Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1885]. 
'- '^ 7 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

M no. 309; R no. 707 

240 Fraser, Daniel. 
The music of the spheres: dedicated to the consideration of 

-- sj P"^ Robert G. Ingersoll and to others like-minded. Albany, N.Y.: 
b '^ Weed, Parsons & Co., 1887. 

75 p.; 18 cm. 

M no. 310; R no. 708 



Ji 


i,^"! 


SA 


)>2T- 


^ 


f^C> 1 


S^ 


,35^1 



By the Shakers 55 



, ^■ 



241 Fraser, Daniel. 

Shaker hygiene: the dietetic troubles of the first and nineteenth 

centuries contrasted / by Daniel Fraser. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 

ca. 1890]. 

7 p.; 18 cm. 

Cover title. 

Mno. 311; R no. 709 



X"' 



1^1 Frost, Lily Marguerite. 

About the Shakers / by Marguerite Frost. Canterbury, N.H., 

[1958]. 

[8] p.; 23 cm. 

Cover title. 

R no. 716 

243 Frost, Lily Marguerite. 

The Shaker story / by Sister Marguerite Frost; Canterbury Shak- 
ers. [Penacook, N.H.: Hazen Printing Co., 1963]. 
[22] p.; 22 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 717 

244 Gillespie, Mary Ann. 

The gospel grange: an order originating from the visit paid by 

the Shakers to the spiritualist's camp-meeting at Lake Pleasant, 

Montague Co., Mass., August 18th 1880; addressed to every 

individual member of the Shaker fraternity whrever located / by 

Mary Ann Gillespie; Polly J. Reed. Union Village, Ohio: North 

Family, 1880. 

1 pi., 8, [1] p.; 16 cm. 

Cover title. 

Two copies are in the collection. This one once belonged to Elder 

Daniel Grossman. The other copy has a slightly different cover 

on which the above misspelling in the title does not occur, but 

another does. 

M no. 316; R no. 722 

245 The gospel monitor: a little book of Mother Ann's word; to those 
^ who are placed as instructors & care-takers / written by Mother 



56 Printed Material 



Lucy Wright and brought by her to the elders of the first order 
on the Holy Mount, March 1, 1841; copied by inspiration at 
Mother Ann's desire, March 2, 1841. Canterbury, N.H., 1843. 
47, [1] p.; 18 cm. 

Mother Wright, who died in 1821, delivered these words 
through a medium twenty years after her passing. 
Errata page at rear. 
M no. 38; R no. 726 

246 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 
•y, the United Society called Shakers. Albany, N.Y.: Printed by 
^ A -•' ' Packard and Van Benthuysen, 1830. 

23 p.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells. 
M no. 481; R no. 734; S no. 79695; SS no. 3457 

247 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 
J, the United Society of Believers called Shakers: printed at Albany 
j^ r\^ ■ in the year 1830 and now reprinted with sundry improvements 

suggested by the author. Watervliet, Ohio, 1832. 
36 p.; 18 cm. 

Cover title: A brief exposition of the established principles &c. of 
the Believers in Christ's Second Appearing (commonly called 
Shakers). 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells. 
"Edited by Richard M'Namer and David Spining." 
M no. 150; R no. 735; S no. 79696; SS no. 14673 



248 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 
-y'*' the United Society of Believers, called Shakers. Imp. ed. Albany, 
N.Y.: Printed by Hoffman and White, 1834. 
36 p.; 18 cm. 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells; edited by Richard McNemar and 
David Spining. 
M no. 151; R no. 736; S no. 79697; SS no. 26741 



By the Shakers 57 



249 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 
fs\j '"^ the United Society of Believers called Shakers. Canterbury, 
N.H., 1843. 
37 p.; 18 cm. 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells; edited by Richard McNemar and 
David Spining. 
M no. 482; R no. 737; S no. 79697 

250 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 

the United Society of Believers called Shakers. Imp. ed. New 

York: Printed by Edward O. Jenkins, 1846. 

36 p.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells; edited by Richard McNemar and 

David Spining. 

Copy includes pages 1-12 only. 

M no. 152; R no. 738; S no. 79697 



,>' 



251 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 
the United Society of Believers called Shakers. Imp. ed. Hart- 
'^^' ford. Conn.: Press of Elihu Geer, 1850. 

36 p.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells; edited by Richard McNemar and 
David Spining. 
M no. 153; R no. 739; S no. 79697 

252 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 
L ^^.''^' fhe United Society of Believers called Shakers. New York: 
" Printed by Edward O. Jenkins, 1851. 

30 p.; 19 cm. 

Cover title. 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells; the text for this printing was 

revised by Green, the surviving author. 

M no. 154; R no. 740; S no. 79697 



58 Printed Material 



253 [Green, Calvin]. 

A brief exposition of the established principles and regulations of 

the United Society of Believers called Shakers. New York: E. S. 

Dodge Printing Co., 1879. 

32 p.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

Coauthored by Seth Y. Wells. 

M no. 155; R no. 741 

254 Green, Calvin. 

A brief exposition of the principls and regulations of the United 
y. Society of Believers / by Calvin Green and Seth Y. Wells. Shaker 
:: o ' ' ^ Village, East Canterbury, N.H., 1895. 

24 p.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

May have been edited by Alonzo Hollister. 
Both copies in the collection lack the illustration that is some- 
times found on the verso of the back cover. 
M no. 156; R no. 742 

255 Green, Calvin. 

The law of life . . . : extract from a writing received in the name 
f\ of the prophet, Joel, at Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., January 1841 / Calvin 

^ ,,^^ ' Green, amanuensis. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1901]. 

16 p.; 15 cm. 
Caption title. 

At head of title: Undenominational. Universally important. Par- 
ents should teach their children. 

Also contains "Appeal to loyal workers: having ears to hear the 
message of Christ" by A. G. Hollister. 
Corrections to text are printed in blue ink. 
R no. 733 



256 Green, Calvin. 

A summary view of the Millennial Church, or United Society of 
Believers (commonly called Shakers): comprising the rise, prog- 
P ^ ress and practical order of the Society; together with the general 

principles of their faith and testimony; published by order of the 



By the Shakers 59 



ministry in union with the church. Albany, N.Y.: Printed by 

Packard & Van Benthuysen, 1823. 

xvi, 320 p.; 19 cm. 

Co-compilor was Seth Youngs Wells. 

Copy 1 is marked "Second house, Sisters." 

M no. 96; R no. 743; S no. 79721; SS no. 14086 

257 Green, Calvin. 

A summary view of the Millennial Church, or United Society of 
Believers, commonly called Shakers: comprising the rise, prog- 
ress and practical order of the Society; together with the general 
principles of their faith and testimony. 2d ed., rev. and imp. 
Albany, N.Y.: Printed by C. Van Benthuysen, 1848. 
vii, 384 p.; 20 cm. 

Co-compiler was Seth Youngs Wells. 

"The original design of its publication was to present to the pub- 
lic a small, cheap volume, comprising particular information con- 
cerning the United Society, adapted to the general class of 
readers, and calculated to answer the usual enquiries respecting 
their religious principles and moral economy. A few improve- 
ments deemed essential ..." (p. [ii]). 
M no. 97; R no. 744; S no. 79722 

258 Greetings to you from the Society of American Shakers. [Sab- 
bathday Lake, Maine?], 1937. 
1 broadside; 19 cm. 

A synopsis of Shaker behefs, this broadside states that commu- 
nism can exist only when it is identified with some religious 
creed. It cautions readers not to confuse Shaker communism 
with Soviet communism. 

R no. 746 

259 Grosvenor, Lorenzo Dow. 

Circular letter in defence of the United Society of Believers, com- 
r^ monly called Shakers: with a reply to correspondents. [South 
^ Groton, Mass., 1849]. 

17, [1] p.; 15 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 320; R no. 752; S no. 79699 



60 Printed Material 



FnV-"f 



260 [Grosvenor, Lorenzo Dow]. 

Testimony of Jesus concerning marriage: "marriage, — Jesus and 

the Shakers." . . . [S.I., ca. I860]. 

12 p.; 24 cm. 

Caption title. 

Authorship has been attributed incorrectly to F. W. Evans. 

M no. 454; R no. 756 



261 Hampton, Oliver C. 

A / JA a short but comprehensive definition of Shakerism. Union Vil- 

5.^*^*^ 1^8^' Ohio, [ca. 1905]. 

£>i^ ^Q 1 broadside; 32 cm. 

^^ ,^1 R no. 764 

C^^ 262 Hampton, Oliver C. 



A special call and invitation. Union Village, Ohio, 1891. 
[2] p.; 24 cm. 

"To whomsoever it may concern we send greeting in bonds of 
^.€\^ love and Christian fellowship, this short synopsis of Christian 



^^^^ 



c^)>f ' communism in the love of the Savior and our ever blessed 

Mother, to friend and foe, to just and unjust, to saint and sinner 

alike" (p. [1]). 

Second page contains an essay by Charles Clapp entitled "An 

appeal." 

R no. 766 

263 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

Catalogue of garden seeds raised and sold by the United Society, 
^ ^l^ Pittsfield, Berkshire Co. Mass. Hancock, Mass., [183-]- 

^ iij 1 broadside; 33 cm. 
Cpy ^^ Broadside offering vegetable seeds and intended for use during 

the 1830s; 1838 has been penned in at the top. 
Facsimile of the original. 
R no. 212 

264 Haskett, William J. 

Shakerism unmasked, or the history of the Shakers: including a 
n ^ form politic of their government as councils, orders, gifts, with 



By the Shakers 61 



an exposition of the five orders of Shakerism and Ann Lee's 

grand foundation vision, in sealed pages, with some extracts 

from their private hymns which have never appeared before the 

public / by William J. Haskett. Pittsfield, Mass.: Pub. by the 

author, 1828. 

300 p.; 18 cm. 

M no. 40; R no. 772; S no. 30803; SS no. 33495 

265 Hazard, Mary. 

In memoriam: Mary Hazard. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1899. 
j,^ [8] p.; 17 cm. 
Cover title. 

Dated: Earth life, Feb. 3rd., 1899. 
R no. 832 

266 Heer, Fred. J. (Columbus, Ohio). 

Shakerism: its meaning and message . . ., by Anna White and 
V. ^^ Leila S. Taylor. Columbus, Ohio: F. J. Heer, 1904. 
[4] p.; 20 cm. 
Caption title. 

Publication announcement; contains an order slip on page 4. 
R no. 1446 

267 Hemenway, C. T. 
To the trustees of the United Society of Shakers of New Leba- 
non, N.Y. New Lebanon: The Town, 1899. 
1 broadside; 9 x 15 cm. 

Written by Hemenway in his capacity as town clerk of New 
Lebanon, N.Y., this broadside expresses the town's thanks to 
the Shakers for donating sixteen acres for a new state highway. 
R no. 1073 

268 Hollister, Alonzo Giles, ed. 

Calvin's confession: a communication given in the name of John 
, 1 Calvin, the Geneva reformer, in the Shaker community. Shakers, 
Albany Co., N.Y., in 1842; medium: J. Lafume. Lebanon Shak- 
ers, N.Y., 1904. 
26 p.; 14 cm. 



62 Printed Material 



Cover title. 

Also includes an essay, "The free woman," written by HoUister. 

M no. 353; R no. 780 

269 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Christ the harvester / Alonzo G. Hollister. [New Lebanon, 
^r^^'^ N.Y.?, ca. 1895]. 

[4] p.; 19 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 329; R no. 781 

270 [Hollister, Alonzo Giles]. 

Christ the way: the word of God abides forever. [New Lebanon, 
,,j>^ N.Y.?, ca. 1909]. 

[4] p.; 15 cm. 
Caption title. 
R no. 782 

271 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

The coming of Christ / Alonzo G. HoUister. [New Lebanon, 
^f.\}'^ N.Y., ca. 1895]. 

8 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 

Also contains "St. Patrick's Cathedral" by Anna White. 
M no. 330; R no. 783 

272 Hollister, Alonzo Giles, comp. 

Q Divine judgement, justice and mercy: a revelation of the great 

/^a'^' white throne; judgement is an influx of higher truths, their influ- 

ence is an efflux, and their effects are purifying and uplifting / 
compiled by A. G. Hollister. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1895. 
48 p.; 13 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 331; R no. 784 

273 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Divine motherhood. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1887. 
^9^^ [4] p.; 22 cm. 

Caption title. 
M no. 332; R no. 785 



S^^^'' 



By the Shakers 63 



2 



Tl\ Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Doing and being, acting and reacting, the seen and unseen, 
cause and effect: the vail of death destroyed . . . and heaven 
opened, disclosing things that shall be here and hereafter / A. G. 
Hollister. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1910. 
37 p.; 16 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 786 



275 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Heaven annointed u^oman. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1887. 

[4] p.; 22 cm. 

Caption title. 

M no. 333; R no. 789 



>,^ 



Tlii [Hollister, Alonzo Giles], comp. 

Important rules: necessary for every one to observe. [New Leba- 
non, N.Y., ca. 1895]. 
1 broadside; 17 cm. 

Compiled from an almanac issued early in the nineteenth 
century. 
R no. 790 

277 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

^ ^ "In the day thou eatest." [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1905]. 
^ ^ 7 p.; 15 cm. 

Caption title. 

R no. 792 

278 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

1 , . i Interpreting prophecy / A. G. Hollister. Portland, Oreg.: The 
World's Advance-thought Envelope Line, [ca. 1887]. 
20 p.; 14 cm. 

Corrections to the text are penned in. 
M no. 334; R no. 795 

Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Interpreting prophecy and the appearing of Christ / A. G. Hollis- 
ter. Chicago: Guiding Star Pub. House, 1892. 



64 Printed Material 



41 p.; 17 cm. 

Lacks a title page; title for the citation is taken from the cover. 

Published by the Koreshan Unity. 

R no. 795 

280 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Interpreting prophecy and the appearing of Christ / A. G. Hollis- 
^q ter. 3d ed. Washington Heights, 111.: Guiding Star Publishing 

House, 1892. 
[2], 41, [1] p.; 17 cm. 

Lacks a title page; title for the citation is taken from the cover. 
Published by the Koreshan Unity. 
R no. 796 

281 [Hollister, Alonzo Giles]. 

lO Millennium seen in dream vision by Julia Ward Howe. [New 
1^1^^' Lebanon, N.Y.?], 1908. 

[4] p.; 15 cm. 
Caption title. 

Also includes an essay entitled "The truth is marching on." 
R no. 799 

282 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

^ Mission of Alethian believers, called Shakers . . . / A. G. HoUis- 
l^^v/' ter. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1892-1899. 

28 p.; 15 cm. 
Cover title. 

Copy 3 has the notation "Received from A. H. Sept. 2, 1899, 
James S. Glass." 
M no. 337; R no. 800 



3^ 



283 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Pearly gate Bible lessons, part II. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1901]. 

ii, 34 p.; 18 cm. 

Contents: Born again, and Life hereafter. 

Lacks a title page; title for the citation is taken from the cover. 

Collection has two copies; both contain corrections to the text in 

manuscript by the same hand. 

M no. 43; R no. 817 



By the Shakers 65 



284 HoUister, Alonzo Giles. 

Pearly gate of the true life and doctrine for believers in Christ / 
Jii' by A. G. Hollister and C. Green. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1894. 
iv, 296, [3] p.; 18 cm. 

Cover title: Morning star Bible lessons, part 1. 
M no. 41; R no. 814 

285 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Pearly gate of the true life and doctrine for believers in Christ / 
■pil- by A. G. Hollister and C. Green. 2d ed., imp. & enl. 
*^^ Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1896. 

iv, 255 p.; 18 cm. 

Cover title: Pearly gate Bible lessons, part I. 

Errata sheet pasted in following page 255 in copy 2. It is lacking 

in copy 1. 

M no. 42; R no. 815 

286 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Pearly gate of the true life and doctrine for believers in Christ: 
3 ^ part II / compiled by A. G. Hollister. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1900. 
1 p.£., iii, 17, [1] p.; 18 cm. 
Cover title: Pearly gate Bible lessons, part II. 
Contents: The virgin life and character. 
R no. 816 

Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Pearly gate, part III . . .: baptism . . . / compiled with notes by 

A. G. Hollister. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1904. 

32 p.; 14 cm. 

Lacks a title page; title for the citation is taken from the cover. 
M no. 44; R no. 818 

Hollister, Alonzo Giles, comp. 

Prophesy unseald by the "word of God reveald out of whose 
mouth goeth a sharp sword" . . .: brief sketch of Ann Lee . . . / 
compiled by A. G. Hollister. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1905. 

33 p.; 15 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 803 



66 Printed Material 



289 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

The reapers. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1898. 
K^v^ 16 p.; 13 cm. 

"^ Caption title. 

M no. 339; R no. 805 

290 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

/ 1/^ Shaker testimony: the gospel of eternal (aionion) life, proclaimed 

0''1' ' ir> the season of judgement. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1891. 

S?i /^^ [2] p.; 30 cm. 

Jj: «^ Caption title. 

,d^> M no. 340; R no. 807 
5l^ ' 

291 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Shaker view of marriage / A. G. Hollister. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 
ca. 1885]. 
C ,tV' 11 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Also includes: "Non-resistance" by William Leonard, "The gov- 
ernment of Christ's kingdom, a theocracy" by Abraham Perkins, 
"Christ's kingdom — its bed rock foundations" by Daniel Fraser, 
and "Self examination" by Martha J. Anderson. 
M no. 341; R no. 808 

292 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Synopsis of doctrine taught by Believers in Christ's Second 
^ Appearing / A. G. Hollister. 2d ed., enl. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 
^,.V'^ 1893. 

30 p.; 13 cm. 

Cover title. 

M no. 343; R no. 811 

293 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Synopsis of doctrine taught by Believers in Christ's Second 
(7 Appearing / A. G. Hollister. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1902. 

Jo^' 31 p.; 13 cm. 

Cover title. 
M no. 342; R no. 812 



By the Shakers 67 



294 Information for inquirers: in reference to the "United Society of 
Believers." [Canterbury, N.H., ca. 1885]. 
1 broadside; 23 cm. 

"For the better understanding of those who wish to know of the 
rules and regulations of our religious home, we have prepared 
the following brief summary." 

M no. 347; R no. 837 

295 A juvenile guide, or manual of good manners: consisting of 
counsels, instructions & rules of deportment for the young, by 
lovers of youth; in two parts. Canterbury, N.H.: Printed in the 

d- United Society, 1844. 

^ [8], 131 p.; 15 cm. 

Collection contains three copies. Copy 1 is inscribed to Beulah 
Clemence from Amanda, New Lebanon, N.Y., January 29, 1882. 
The inscription in copy 2 reads: "To Idyl from Sister Lillian." 
Copy 3 measures 16 x 11 cm. and has been neither trimmed nor 
cut; its pages are wrapped in a paper cover that eventually 
would have been pasted on boards for final binding. 
M no. 54; R no. 847; S nos. 79712, 106199 (attributes authorship 
to Isaac Newton Youngs, Rufus Bishop, and Garrett Lawrence) 

296 A juvenile monitor: containing instructions for youth and chil- 
dren, pointing out ill manners, and showing them how to 

, behave in the various conditions of childhood and youth. New 

. ^ Lebanon, N.Y., 1823. 
20 p.; 13 cm. 

"The following pages were written by the instructors of the 
school at New-Lebanon ..." (preface). 

M no. 53; R no. 848; S no. 106199 (attributes authorship to Isaac 
Newton Youngs, Rufus Bishop, and Garrett Lawrence); 
SS no. 12980 

297 Keefover, James R. 

I Quesrions about Shakerism. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1888]. 
nV' [4] p.; 15 cm. 
Caption title. 

Responses about Shakerism were contributed by F. W. Evans. 
M no. 262; R no. 852 



68 Printed Material 



298 King, Emma Belle. 

A Shaker's viewpoint / Eldress Emma B. King. Old Chatham, 
, 'I N.Y.: Shaker Museum Foundation, 1959. 

h ^^ [8] p.; 15 cm. 

Cover title. 

Includes a description of the Shaker Museum, Old Chatham, 
N.Y. 
R no. 853 

299 Knight, Jane D. 

Brief narrative of events touching various reforms / by Jane D. 

Knight. Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons and Co., 1880. 

29 p.; 15 cm. 

"Jane D. Knight . . . was reared in the Society of Friends and 

united with the Shakers at Mt. Lebanon, Columbia County, 

N.Y., in the year 1826, in the twenty-second year of her age" 

(title page). 

M no. 351; R no. 854 



3^1 



S^ 



S4 



300 Lamson, David Rich. 

Two years' experience among the Shakers: being a description of 
the manners and customs of that people, the nature and policy 
of their government, their marvelous intercourse with the spiri- 
tual world, the object and uses of confession, their inquisition; in 
short, a condensed view of Shakerism as it is / by David R. Lam- 
son. West Boylston, Mass.: Published by the author, 1848. 
212 p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

Collection contains both bound and unbound versions of the 
book. 

Lamson lived with the Shakers at Hancock, Mass., for two years 
in the 1840s. 
M nos. 56, 57; R no. 855; S no. 38777 

301 Leonard, William. 

A discourse on the order and propriety of divine inspiration and 

revelation: showing the necessity thereof in all ages to know the 

will of God; also, a discourse on the second appearing of Christ 

in and through the order of the female; and, a discourse on the 



By the Shakers 69 



propriety and necessity of a united inheritance in all things in 

order to support a true Christian community / by Wm. Leonard. 

Harvard, Mass.: Published by the United Society, 1853. 

88 p.; 19 cm. 

Cover title of bound copy: On revelation and united inheritance. 

Edited by Calvin Green. 

M no. 58; R no. 861; S no. 79703 

302 Leonard, William. 

The life and sufferings of Jesus annointed, our holy savior, and 
^ S of our blessed Mother Ann: [who revived the saving plan, and 
"compast man" in his lost state, and taught him the way to 
escape . . .]; in two parts / written by inspiration [evolved thru 
the inner consciousness of] William Leonard in the church at 
Harvard, Mass., October 1841; prepared for publication, with 
notes and appendix, by A. G. Hollister. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 
1904. 

86 p.; 15 cm. 

Cover title: The inner life reveald of Jesus annointed and of Ann 
the word. 

Brackets in the title statement appear on the title page. 
R no. 862 

303 [Leonard, William]. 

Respect and veneration due from youth to age. New Bedford, 
^ . 1 J Mass.: Printed for Joseph S. Tillinghast, 1870. 

15 p.; 15 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 863 

304 Lomas, George Albert. 

The life of Christ is the end of the world / by Geo. Albert 
/ ''\ Lomas. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y.; London: J. Burns, 1869. 

16 p.; 12 cm. (Shaker tract, no. 1) 
Cover title. 

M nos. 357, 358; R no. 870 



70 Printed Material 



£.-■' 



%^ 



305 Lomas, George Albert. 
The life of Christ is the end of the world / by Geo. Albert ' 
Lomas. Shakers [Watervliet], Albany, N.Y.: C. Van Benthuysen 
and Sons Print, 1869. 
16 p.; 14 cm. (Shaker tract, no. 1) 
Cover title. 
M no. 356; R no. 868 

306 [Lomas, George Albert]. 
Plain talks upon practical. Christian religion: being answers to 
ever-recurring questions concerning the Shakers, prominently 
among which is the answer to "What must an individual do to 
be a Shaker?" . . . Shakers, N.Y.: Published by the Shakers, 
[ca. 1882]. 
24 p.; 19 cm. 

The Watervliet, N.Y., community was often referred to as Shak- 
ers, N.Y. 
M no. 360; R no. 875 

307 Lomas, George Albert. 
Plain talks upon practical religion: being candid answers to ear- 
nest inquiries / by Geo. Albert Lomas. Albany, N.Y.: Van Ben- 
thuysen Printing House, 1873. 

24 p.; 20 cm. 

Cover title. 

Inscribed from Lomas to Elder Daniel Boler. 

R no. 872 

308 Love, Alfred. 

^ A Shaker meeting / Alfred Love, president of the Universalist 

C \l < ' Peace Union, speaks at Mt. Lebanon. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1891. 

"^ 9 p.; 15 cm. 

Cover title. 

M no. 362; R nos. 877, 1290 

309 McBride, John. 

An account of the doctrines, government, manners, and customs 
'3^ w of the Shakers: with remarks on confession to Catholic priests 

and Shaker elders / by John McBride. Cincinnati, 1834. 



J^ 



By the Shakers 71 



27, 27-33 p.; 15 cm. 

McBride was a Shaker for twenty years, grew dissatisfied with 
the movement, and left. In this pamphlet he details his 
criticisms. 

Other known copies of this work contain six parts, with part 6, 
"Manners and customs," having fifteen paragraphs. The collec- 
tion copy has eight parts and instead of fifteen paragraphs in 
part 6 it has nineteen. Part 7 is headed "Exemplifying the apos- 
tolic church, in a social compact," and part 8 "Of the nature of 
the covenant." 

310 [Mace, Aurelia Gay]. 

The Aletheia: spirit of truth; a series of letters in which the prin- 
ciples of the United Society known as Shakers are set forth and 
illustrated / by Aurelia. Farmington, Maine: Press of Knowlton, 
McLeary & Co., 1899. 
135 p., 33L of plates: ill., ports.; 24 cm. 

Inscribed "presented to Sister Alice Braisted by Aurelia, Sabbath- 
day Lake, Maine, June 15, 1899." 
M no. 4; R no. 882 



^^ 



311 Mace, Aurelia Gay. 

In memoriam: Sister Aurelia G. Mace, 1835-1910. [S.I.: s.n., 

f\ :^ 1910]. 

100 p., 1 plate: port.; 20 cm. 

Subject of this memorial lived in the Sabbathday Lake, Maine, 

Shaker community. 

R no. 833 

312 Mace, Aurelia Gay. 

The mission and testimony of the Shakers of the twentieth cen- 
2 ^ tury to the world: a lecture delivered at Greenacre, Eliot, Maine, 

July 19, 1904 / by Aurelia G. Mace. [S.I.: s.n.], 1904. 
17 p.: port.; 22 cm. 
R no. 885 



2^ 



313 Mace, Fayette. 

Familiar dialogues on Shakerism: in which the principles of the 
United Society are illustrated and defended / by Fayette Mace. 
Portland, Maine: Charles Day & Co., 1837. 



71 Printed Material 



120 p.; 19 cm. 
Date on cover is 1838. 

Copy 1 is inscribed "To Sister Aurelia G. Mace, a token of 
respect from her gospel brother, Otis Sawyer. This book was 
bound expressly for a present on Christmas 1882." Her com- 
ment: "From the last tree we had in the old house, Aurelia." 
M nos. 62, 63; R no. 886 

314 McKechnie, Frederic. 

Prof. Comstock's experience which turned the professor from his 
^ > cruel ways / by Frederic McKechnie. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1902. 

16 p.; 15 cm. 
Cover title. 

M no. 368; R no. 888 

315 [McNemar, Richard]. 

A concise answer to the general inquiry: who, or what are the 
f£r\'^<3> Shakers. Union Village, Ohio, 1825. 

8 p.; 13 cm. 
M no. 191; R no. 899; S nos. 79700, 97883; SS no. 21288 

316 [McNemar, Richard]. 

A concise answer to the general inquiry: who or what are the 
/- ^1/ , C5 Shakers. Hartford, Conn.: Review Offce Print, 1835. 

17 p.; 15 cm. 

M no. 194; R no. 904; S no. 79700 

317 [McNemar, Richard]. 

cz ^ /i A concise answer to the inquiry: who or what are the Shakers? 
South Groton, Mass., 1849. 
. 2 ^^64 17, [1] p.; 15 cm. 
C ' o Contents of this pamphlet were added to by Lorenzo D. Gros- 

K (> J5. i'^ venor, the person who distributed this work, and by Eleanor 
^ri ^^ ' Hayes Wright. 

Copy 2 in the collection has the inscription "To Br. Thomas W. 
from his friend Lorenzo." Copy 3 is uncut in sheet as pulled 
from press. 
M no. 322; R no. 908 



By the Shakers 73 



B<^ 



318 [McNemar, Richard]. 

A concise answer to the general inquiry: who or what are the 

Shakers. Union Village, Ohio, 1868. 

8 p.; 13 cm. 

Although sharing a title with previous editions, this publication 

lacks much of their text. 

R no. 907 

319 [McNemar, Richard], comp. 

The constitution of the United Societies of Believers (called Shak- 
^ ers): containing sundry covenants and articles of agreement 

definitive of the legal grounds of the institution. Watervliet, 
Ohio, 1833. 

1 vol. (various pagings); 18 cm. 

Volume consists of twelve items bound together; four of these 
selections have their own imprint. Other copies of this work do 
not necessarily contain the same publications as the collection 
copy. 
M no. 14; R no. 911; S no. 97886; SS no. 21165 

320 [McNemar, Richard]. 

Dialogue between the church and the old gentleman. [Water- 
,v^.3 vliet, Ohio, ca. 1825]. 
12 p.; 15 cm. 

Attribution is sometimes assigned to Oliver Prentiss. 
R no. 917 

321 [McNemar, Richard], comp. 

Investigator: or a defence of the order, government & economy 
of the United Society called Shakers, against sundry charges & 
,■ ^ 9-\ legislative proceedings; addressed to the political world, by the 
Society of Believers at Pleasant Hill, Ky. Lexington, Ky.: Printed 
by Smith & Palmer, 1828. 
47 p.; 18 cm. 

Inscription reads "A present to Deacon Stephen from his friend 
Eleazar." 
M no. 349; R no. 926; S no. 79710; SS no. 33962 



74 Printed Material 



'ill [McNemar, Richard], comp. 

Investigator: or, a defence of the order, government and econ- 
omy of the United Society, called Shakers, against sundry 
& ^ charges and legislative proceedings; addressed to the political 

-^ I world, by the Society of Believers at Pleasant Hill, Ky. New 
York: Egbert, Hovey & King, 1846. 
84, 19 p.; 19 cm. 

Cover title: Account of some of the proceedings of the legisla- 
tures of the states of Kentucky and New-Hampshire, 1828 &c. in 
relation to the people called Shakers. 

M nos. 1 and 2 (recorded by cover title); R no. 927; S nos. 37486, 
79711 

323 McNemar, Richard. 

The Kentucky revival: or, a short history of the late extraordi- 
^S^ nary out-pouring of the spirit of God, in the western states of 

America, agreeably to scripture-promises, and prophecies con- 
cerning the latter day; with a brief account of the entrance and 
V 5>T '■'"^ progress of what the world call Shakerism, among the subjects 
of the late revival in Ohio and Kentucky, presented to the true 
Zion-traveller as a memorial of the wilderness journey / by Rich- 
ard M'Nemar. Cincinnati: From the press of John W. Browne, 
1807. 

119, [1], 23 p.; 18 cm. 

Bound with Observations on church government, hy the Presbytery of 
Springfield, to which is added the last will and testament of that rever- 
end body, with a preface and notes by the editor. 
Copy contains the bookplate of Benjamin S. Youngs. A later 
owner was John Darby. 
Errata on unnumbered page. 
M no. 65; R no. 929; S no. 43605; SS no. 12969 



jy q-) t7 



324 McNemar, Richard. 

The Kentucky revival: or, a short history of the late extraordi- 
nary out-pouring of the spirit of God, in the western states of 
P ^ America, agreeably to scripture-promises, and prophecies con- 
cerning the latter day; with a brief account of the entrance and 
progress of what the world call Shakerism, among the subjects 



By the Shakers 75 



of the late revival in Ohio and Kentucky, presented to the true 
Zion-traveller as a memorial of the wilderness journey / by Rich- 
ard M'Nemar. Cincinnati printed; Albany: Re-printed by E. and 
E. Hosford, 1808. 
119 p.; 17 cm. 

Bound with Observations on church government, by the Presbytery of 
Springfield, to which is added the last will and testament of that rever- 
end body, with a preface and notes by the editor (no. 414). 
Includes errata sheet. 
M no. 66; R no. 930; S no. 43605; SS no. 15477 

325 McNemar, Richard. 

The Kentucky revival: or, a short history of the late extraordi- 
i ^ nary out-pouring of the spirit of God, in the western states of 
America, agreeably to scripture promises and prophecies con- 
cerning the latter day; with a brief account of the entrance and 
progress of what the world call Shakerism, among the subjects 
of the late revival in Ohio and Kentucky, presented to the true 
Zion-traveller as a memorial of the wilderness journey / by Rich- 
ard M'Nemar. Pittsfield, Mass.: Re-printed by Phineas Allen, 
1808. 

148 p.; 18 cm. 

Bound with Observations on church government, by the Presbytery of 
Springfield, to which is added the last will and testament of that rever- 
end body, with a preface and notes by the editor (no. 413). 
M nos.'67, 68; R no. 931; S no. 43605; SS no. 15478 



326 McNemar, Richard. 

The Kentucky revival: or, a short history of the late extraordi- 

l\ n nary outpouring of the spirit of God in the western states of 
America, agreeably to scripture promises and prophecies con- 
cerning the latter day; with a brief account of the entrance and 
progress of what the world call Shakerism, among the subjects 
of the late revival in Ohio and Kentucky, presented to the true 
Zion traveller as a memorial of the wilderness journey / by Rich- 
ard M'Nemar. New York: Reprinted by Edward O. Jenkins, 
1846. 



76 Printed Material 



156 p.; 19 cm. 

Observations on church government . . ., p. [133]-156. 
M no. 70; R no. 933; S no. 43605 

327 [McNemar, Richard]. 

The other side of the question in three parts: I. An explanation 
of the proceedings of Eunice Chapman and the legislature 
/) ^ against the United Society called Shakers in the state of New- 

York; II. A refutahon of the false statements of Mary Dyer 
against the said Society in the state of New-Hampshire; III. An 
account of the proceedings of Abram Van Vleet, Esq., and his 
associates against the said United Society at Union Village, Ohio; 
comprising a general vindication of the character of Mother and 
the Elders against the attacks of public slander — the edicts of a 
prejudiced party — and the misguided zeal of lawless mobs; pub- 
lished by order of the United Society at Union Village, Ohio. 
Cincinnati: Looker, Reynolds & Co., 1819. 
166 p.; 18 cm. 
M no. 76; R no. 946; S no. 57844; SS no. 48553 

328 [McNemar, Richard], ed. 

A record relating to the Cogar mob and Boon suit / by Perigrinus 
fr^^. "^ [pseud.]. [S.I.: s.n.], 1831. 
"^ ' [10] p.; 13 cm. 

Includes an extract from a speech by John Brethett, Kentucky's 

lieutenant governor. 

R no. 948 



329 [McNemar, Richard]. 

A review of the most important events relating to the rise and 
r: »/. 5^' progress of the United Society of Believers in the west: with sun- 
" dry other documents connected with the history of the Society; 

collected from various journals / by E. Wright [pseud.]. Union 

Village, Ohio, 1831. 

34 p.; 15 cm. 

Copies elsewhere frequently have different pagination. 

M no. 476; R no. 950; S no. 105576; SS no. 8080 



Bi/ the Shakers 77 



330 McNemar, Richard. 

A selection of hymns and poems for the use of Believers: col- 
lected from sundry authors / by Philos Harmoniae [pseud.]. 
/^ > Watetvliet, Ohio, 1833. 

180 [i.e., 176], [4] p.; 18 cm. 

Includes index. 

M no. 80; R no. 952; S nos. 79718, 97897; SS no. 19857 

331 A man of kindness, to his beast is kind. [S.I.: s.n., s.d.]. 



,5 



1 broadside; 19 cm. 
■^ "1 ^ Title is the first line of this poem used as a rule of conduct. 

.3^^' "Shaker Home" is printed at the bottom of the card. 

Quoted in Andrews, People called Shakers, page 120 (no. 491). 



332 The manifesto. Vol. 13, no. 1 Qanuary 1883)-vol. 29, no. 12 

(December 1899). Shaker Village, N.H. [etc.]: The United Socie- 
ties, 1883-1899. 
17 vols.: ill.; 25 cm. 
Monthly. 
f\ ie> Edited by Henry Clay Blinn. 

Part of the group of periodicals known collectively as the 

Manifesto. 

M no. 109; R no. 974 



AS^ 



333 [Meacham, Joseph]. 

A concise statement of the principles of the only true church: 
according to the gospel of the present appearance of Christ; as 
^ held to and practised upon by the true followers of the living 

b*^^' "^ saviour at Newlebanon, &c.; together with a letter from James 
Whittaker, minister of the gospel in this day of Christ's second 
appearing — to his natural relations in England, dated 
October 9th, 1785. Bennington, Vt.: Haswell & Russell, 1-790. 
24 p.; 14 cm. 

First printed statement of Shaker theology. 

E nos. 22664 (recorded under Meacham), 23082 (recorded under 
Whittaker); M no. 491; R no. 1006; S no. 97884 



7S Printed Material 



334 [Meacham, Joseph]. 

A concise statement of the principles of the only true church: 

according to the gospel of the present appearance of Christ; as 
^ I J) held to and practised by the followers of the living saviour at 

C'^ " New Lebanon, &c.; together with a letter from James Whittaker, 

minister of the gospel in this day of Christ's second appearing, 

to his natural relations in England, dated October 9th, 1785. 

New Gloucester, Maine, 1847. 

26, [1] p.; 16 cm. 

M no. 199; R no. 1009; S no. 97884 

335 Meacham, Joseph. 

A concise statement of the principles of the only true church of 
^ Christ / by Joseph Meacham; together with a letter from James 
^ ,\t/' * Whittaker to his natural relations in England. Canterbury, N.H., 

1847. 

23 p.; 11 cm. 

This copy was given by someone named Mary to Sister Emma J. 
Blanchard on September 17, 1856, on the occasion of Emma's 
departure. 
M no. 200; R no. 1008; S no. 97884 

336 [Meacham, Joseph]. 

[Dispensations]: a concise statement of the principles of the only 
K ^/ . ' ^ true church according to the gospel of the present appearing of 

Christ; as held to and practiced upon by the true followers of the 
living saviour at New Lebanon, &c.; together with a letter from 
James Whittaker, minister of the gospel in this day of Christ's 
second appearing — to his natural relations in England, dated 
October 9th, 1785. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?], 1900. 
16 p.; 15 cm. 
Cover title. 

Includes biographical notes by Alonzo Giles Hollister on Mea- 
cham and Whittaker, pages 15 and 16. 
M no. 201; R no. 1010; S no. 97884 

337 A memorial: remonstrating against a certain act of the legislature 
of Kentucky entitled "an act to regulate civil proceedings against 



5,w 



By the Shakers 79 



certain communities having property in common"; and declaring 
that it shall and may be lawful to commence and prosecute suits, 
obtain decrees and have execuHon against any of the communi- 
ties of people called Shakers without naming or designating the 
individuals, or serving process on them, otherwise than by fix- 
ing a subpoena on the door of their meeting-house, &c.; 
approved Feb. 11, 1828. Harrodsburg, Ky.: Printed at the Union 
Office, 1830. 
8 p.; 22 cm. 
Caption title. 

Author may have been Richard McNemar. 
R no. 1023; S no. 97892; SS no. 35157 (1828 volume) 



11^ 



338 Memorial: to the honorable. . . . [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1861]. 
8 p.; 23 cm. 
Caption title. 

Through this open letter Shakers request exemption from the 
Civil War draft law. They give six reasons, including their living 
apart from the world and their belief in nonresistance. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

Mutual insurance agreement. [S.I., ca. 1866]. 
1 broadside; 40 cm. 

This form details the responsibilities of all eighteen Shaker com- 
munities to any one community that might suffer fire damage 
^33 amounting to more than four hundred dollars. The New Leba- 
non, N.Y., Shakers would contribute 14 percent of the cost of 
rebuilding and the Tyringham, Mass., Shakers 2 percent, while 
the sixteen other communities were responsible for amounts 
between 2 and 14 percent. 
R no. 1066 

340 Myrick, Elijah. 

The celibate Shaker life / E. Myrick. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, 
^_ iC ca. 1889]. 

8 p.; 14 cm. 



80 Printed Material 



Caption title. 

Also includes two other essays: "Is celibacy contrary to natural 

and revealed law?" by Daniel Fraser and "Longevity of virgin 

celibates" by Giles B. Avery. 

M no. 385; R no. 1067 

341 Neale, Emma J., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
The Shaker cloak. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1905]. 

J ^7^ 2€.:ill.; 18 cm. 

fl^ Short trade catalogue showing the front and back of the cloak as 

<rh i'^ it is being worn and containing a letter from the company 

describing the garment in further detail. 
R no. 345 

342 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Catalogue of medicinal plants, barks, roots, seeds, flowers and 
cTpV' ' select powders with their therapeutic qualities and botanical 
j^ C • ' names: also, pure vegetable extracts, prepared in vacuo; oint- 

ments, inspissated juices, essential oils, double distilled and fra- 
grant waters, &., &c.; raised, prepared, and put up in the most 
careful manner by the United Society of Shakers at New Leba- 
non, N.Y. . . . orders addressed to Edward Fowler, New Leba- 
non, N.Y., will meet with prompt attention. Albany, N.Y.: 
Van Benthuysen, 1851. 
34 p.; 18 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 287 

343 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Centennial illustrated catalogue and price list of the Shakers' 
^ C. f'.^^'' chairs, foot benches, floor mats, etc.: manufactured and sold by 
'' the Shakers at Mt. Lebanon, Columbia Co., N.Y.; also contain- 

ing several pieces of Shaker music. Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons 
& Co., 1876. 
31, [7] p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

Includes the advertisements of authorized dealers in Shaker 
chairs. 
M no. 166; R no. 240 



By the Shakers 81 



344 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Circular to Believers. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1885. 
[2] p.; 26 cm. 

Letter addressed to "Beloved Brethren and Sisters" announcing 
that the Manifesto would continue publication. Apparently, the 
editorial staff had questioned the advisability of maintaining the 
journal as a way to communicate with Shaker members. The let- 
ter was signed "In kindest love to all our Zion, Ministry of New 
Lebanon, Columbia County, N.Y." 

M no. 380; R no. 991 

345 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Dose-list of fluid extracts put up at Shaker Village, Mount Leba- 
non, Columbia County, N.Y. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1890]. 
^ 12 p.; 19 cm. 

Caption title. 
R no. 174a 

346 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Druggists hand-book of pure botanic preparations &c.: sold by 
. Society of Shakers, Mount Lebanon, Columbia County, N.Y. 

^ ' Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons & Co., 1874. 

I vi, 58 p.; 18 cm. 

Cover title: Catalogue of medicinal plants, barks, roots, seeds, 

flowers & select powders. . . . 

Includes indexes. 

347 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Fancy oval covered boxes. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1875]. 
[4] p.: ill.; 15 cm. 

Catalogue showing and offering Shaker boxes and thirteen 
Shaker chairs with or without arms. One of the pages contains 
"directions for ordering chairs." 

R no. 338 

348 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Honey: soul of flowers, to sweeten the soul of man; Shakers, 
North family. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1906]. 



82 Printed Material 



[4] p.: ill.; 18 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 340 

349 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Products of intelligence and diligence: Shakers Church fam- 
-f,^ ' ily. . . . Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1895]. 

C,^J'^ 16 p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

Cover title. 

Catalogue of cloaks and carriers. 

Original pen-and-ink drawings in this catalogue were done by 

Peter Neagoe (see no. 1113). 

R no. 343 






350 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

/ Programme of peices sung by the Mount Lebanon singing class 

at their regular singing meeting on the evening of Jan. 23rd, 

1877: at the meeting room of Second Order. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 

1877. 

1 broadside; 21 cm. 

Includes a list of eleven songs. 

Misspelling in this title is corrected in pencil. 



351 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Seven barks. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1910]. 
-<6. [8] p.; 15 X 20 cm. 

Caption title. 
■e^ ^J ' "^ Seven barks, "a highly concentrated compound of valuable 

"^ medicinal herbs," was made by the Shakers exclusively for 

Lyman Brown of New York City. 

R no. 310 

352 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Shaker carpet and rug beaters. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1900]. 
-^ ^ k?3 1 broadside: ill.; 24 cm. 

^.r ^ Advertisement for a rattan beater. 
C^ \3>t''' From the North family. 

, ^b ^ R no. 344 



By the Shakers 83 



353 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Shaker literature: books — old and new; North family. Mount 
Lebanon. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1902. 

I .>- [4] p.; 21 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 113; R no. 1288 

354 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Shakers' garden seeds raised at New Lebanon, Columbia 
County, N.Y. New Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1872]. 
1 broadside; 35 cm. 

Broadside offers seeds for seventy-nine kinds of vegetables. 
Orders were to go to Peter H. Long, agent for the Society. 

On the back of this broadside is a handwritten list of chairs and 
bedding sent to Philadelphia in November 1872 and 
September 1873. 

355 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

J / ^ 3 The Shakers of Mount Lebanon extend to you an invitation to 

nj-i^attend a peace convention in the interest of universal peace. . . . 
^2^0^- ' ' Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1905. 
1^ 1 broadside; 27 cm. 

Meeting was to take place on August 31, 1905. 
R no. 1309 

356 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Shakers' price list of fluid and solid extracts. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 

1875. 

[4] p.; 28 cm. 

Catalogue offers about two hundred fifty extracts. 

Date of the catalogue is blacked out as are most of the prices. 

357 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Shakers' price list of medicinal preparations. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 

"flfi 1874. 

^^ [4] p.; 28 cm. 
'^ Price list, dated May 1, 1874, offers over four hundred kinds of 

medicine. Information in the price list includes the common and 



84 Printed Material 



botanical names of each herb, the form in which the medicine is 
sold (herb, pulverized, fluid, or solid) and its price, and a notice 
on discounts. 
R no. 301 

358 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Shakers' price list of medicinal preparations . . .: herbs, roots, 
J 2>^/^ barks, and powders net prices, fluid and solid extracts, discount 

t)\^ according to the amount purchased. Mt. Lebanon, 1874. 

SP> [4] p.; 28 cm. 

Price list, dated April 1, 1874, offers over four hundred kinds of 
medicine. Information in the price list includes the common and 
botanical names of each herb, the form in which the medicine is 
sold (herb, pulverized, fluid, or solid) and its price, and a notice 
on discounts. 
R no. 300 

359 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Vanderbilt's candy church: the kings of the kitchen. New York: 
-f^C'^'"'^ A. J. White, 1889. 

32 p.: ports.; 16 cm. 

Cover title. 

Contains Shaker cooking recipes and medicines. 

R no. 335 



I ^lU 



360 [Newton, Agnes]. 

That beautiful city: "glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of 
God"; Psalm LXXXVIL 3. [Canterbury, N.H., ca. 1895]. 



, / 1 broadside: music; 28 cm. 

£i A ' Sheet music. 

M no. 456 (identifies the composer as Newton); R no. 1062 

361 [Norwood, Wesley C.]. 

Materia medica and therapeutics of Norwood's tincture of vera- 
< C , ^'^^' ' ^^^^ viride. 11th ed. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1904. 
'' ' 32 p.; 21 cm. 

Cover title. 

Robert Halford, agent, Mt. Lebanon, N.Y. 

M no. 185; R no. 1096 



By the Shakers 85 



362 [Norwood, Wesley C.]. 

^ : Materia medica and therapeutics of Norwood's tincture of vera- 
^^' trum viride. 12th ed. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1936. 

31 p.; 22 cm. 

Cover title. 

R no. 1097 



^.-^ 



363 Norwood, Wesley C. 

Veratrum viride / by W. C. Norwood. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 

ca. 1900]. 

4 p.; 22 cm. 

Caption title. 

This drug came from the New Lebanon, N.Y., community and 

was sold by the Chas. N. Crittenton Company of New York 

City. 

R no. 1103 

Notice!: for the benefit of the friends who call on us, as well as 
for the better protection of ourselves it has been thought advisa- 
ble to adopt the following rules for visitors. [Canterbury, N.H.?, 
ca. 1880]. 

1 broadside; 26 cm. 
Contains nine rules governing the behavior of guests. Broadside 
is signed "United Society." 
R no. 1106 

365 Observations on the natural and constitutional rights of con- 
science: in relation to military requisitions on the people called 

^, ^' Shakers. Albany, N.Y.: E. & E. Hosford, 1816. 
24 p.; 23 cm. 
Cover title. 

This statement is signed by Richard Spier, Peter Dodge, Morrell 
Baker, Calvin Green, and Seth Y. Wells. 
M no. 501; R no. 1120; S no. 79715; SS no. 38920 

366 Of ford, Daniel. 
Happy release. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1892. 
1 broadside; 18 cm. 



86 Printed Material 



Broadside announcing the resignation of F. W. Evans as elder 
and the appointment of Offord as his successor. 
R no. 768 

367 [Offord, Daniel]. 

Original Shaker music published by the North family of Mt. 
Lebanon, Col. Co., N.Y. New York: Wm. A. Pond & Co., 1893. 
f\ -^ T7\ p.; 21 cm. 

Cover title: Original Shaker music, volume II. 

Co-compilers were Lucy Bowers and Martha J. Anderson. 

Copy 1 in the collection is from the Meeting Room of the Church 

family. 

Book was intended for use with the 1884 edition of Shaker music: 

original inspirational hymns . . . (see no. 369). 

Mno. 75; R no. 1125 

368 Offord, Daniel. 

, ^ Seven travails of the Shaker church / by Daniel Offord. Mt. 

^n^' Lebanon, N.Y., 1889. 

8 p.; 15 cm. 
M no. 390; R no. 1124 

369 [Offord, Daniel]. 

Shaker music: original inspirational hymns and songs illustrative 
'VC^ of the resurrection, life and testimony of the Shakers. New York: 

Published for the North Family, Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., by 
William A. Pond & Co., 1884. 
250 p.; 22 cm. 

Cover title: Original Shaker music: inspirational. 
Generally considered to be the first volume of Original Shaker 
music published by the North family of Mt. Lebanon . . ., compiled 
by Offord and others in 1893. See no. 367. 
M no. 92; R no. 1126 

370 100 years of Shaker life: centennial of a communism of peace. 
.Q [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1884]. 

E'^^' 8 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 



By the Shakers 87 



Common attribution to F. W. Evans is doubtful, considering 
some of the statements in the text. 
Mno. 392; R no. 1130 

371 One hundredth anniversary of the organization of the Shaker 

church, Enfield, N.H.: October 18, 1893. Enfield, N.H.: Abbott's 

Power Print, 1893. 
B 36, [1] p.; 21 cm. 

Historical material by Abraham Perkins and Henry Clay Blinn. 

Copy 4 in the collection had been presented to Eldress Lois Went- 

worth by A. Perkins. 

M no. 391; R no. 561 



372 Our title deeds. [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1890]. 

I / |tfl 1 broadside; 30 cm. 

^-1 r] Reprint of a two-column article from the Belfast Star (Ireland) 

I t*^ concerning a tablet in Westminster Abbey that memorialized 

. 0^ I Judge Theophilus Harrington of Vermont, who did not recognize 

. the legitimacy of ownership of runaway slaves. 

V 1^^ Mno. 396; R no. 1133 



373 The peace resolutions. [S.I.: s.n.], 1905. 
1 broadside; 23 cm. 

6^ I Reprint of an article from the October 19, 1905, issue of the 

^ j Brooklyn Eagle reporting that the resolutions adopted at the Peace 

)^ ' Conference held at New Lebanon, N.Y., would be sent to the 

U.S. Congress for endorsement as well as to The Hague for con- 
sideration by the international court. 
R no. 1171 



374 Peebles, James MarHn. 

Nihilism — socialism — Shakerism — which? [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, 
. /> ca. 1880]. 
^ 7 p.; 13 cm. 

Caption title. 

M no. 398; R no. 1175 



Printed Material 



375 Peebles, James Martin. 

Oriental spiritualism from the spirit of Mother Ann Lee to J. M. 
Peebles. [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1877]. 
f /^»/' 13 p.; 13 cm. 

Cover title. 

Also includes "Letter from Elder Evans: a look behind the cur- 
tains of Shakerism" and "Selfish property: a dream by one of the 
sisters on the night of Nov. 9, 1877." 
M no. 399; R no. 1176 

376 Peebles, James Martin. 

M ^3*7 ^ Shaker mission: results of Elder Evans's visit to England. 

I tf T? [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1887]. 

O " 1 broadside; 27 cm. 

^ ^ ^6 Much of the text concerns spiritualism. 

n Also includes remarks by F. W. Evans entitled "The other side." 

^p, l^^ M no. 271; R no. 1178 

377 Peebles, James Martin. 

The Shaker mission to England: letter from J. M. Peebles M.D. 
rr^v; . '"'*' Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1887. 
^ [4] p.; 23 cm. 

Caption title. 

Also includes a letter from F. W. Evans under the heading "The 

other side." 

R no. 1179 

378 Pelham, Richard W. 

.1 The higher law of spiritual progression. Albany, N.Y.: Printing 

B (^"^ ' House of Van Benthuysen & Sons, 1868. 

32 p.; 14 cm. (Shaker tract, no. 2) 

Also issued under the title The Shaker's answer to a letter from an 
inquirer (see no. 379). 
M no. 408; R no. 1182 

379 Pelham, Richard W. 

The Shaker's answer to a letter from an inquirer / by R. W. Pel- 
Y' r^\J ^ '» ham. 2d ed. Cincinnati: Jos. B. Boyd, 1868. 



By the Shakers 89 



32 p.; 15 cm. 

Cover title. 

Also issued as The higher law of spiritual progression (see no. 378). 

M no. 401; R no. 1181 

380 Pelham, Richard W. 

A Shaker's answer to the oft-repeated question: "what would 
^r^' become of the world if all should become Shakers?" Stereotyped 
ed. Boston: Rand, Avery & Co., 1874. 
31, [1] p.; 17 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 402; R no. 1183 

381 Perkins, Abraham. 

Autobiography of Elder Abraham Perkins and in memoriam. 
Pi 5 Concord, N.H.: The Rumford Press, 1901. 
22 p., 1 plate: port.; 18 cm. 
Mno. 410; R no. 1188 

382 Pomeroy, Marcus Mills. 

Visit to the Shakers / M. M. Pomeroy. [Canterbury, N.H.?, 
5rN'^-'^ ca. 1883]. 

11 p.; 14 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 413; R no. 1196 

383 Pool, Jason Blakeley. 

A new theory of life and species / published by J. B. Pool, West 
Ic"^ ' '^ Pittsfield, Mass. Nantucket, Mass.: Hussey & Robinson, 1878. 
48 p.; 15 cm. 

Concerns the so-called Darwinian theory. 

On the back cover someone has written the names of seventeen 
Shakers, sometimes identifying the member by family. 
R no. 1197 

384 Poole, Cyrus O. 

I Spiritualism as organized by the Shakers / by Cyrus O. Poole. 
^n^- [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1887]. 



90 Printed Material 



16 p.; 16 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 414; R no. 1199 

385 A repository of music containing elementary and advanced les- 
sons: selected from the works of able teachers. Canterbury, 

A C, N.H.: Printed at Shaker Village, 1880. 

xxviii, 73 p.; 24 cm. 

Attribution of some lessons to Henry Clay Blinn is questionable. 
Copy in the collection once belonged to Elsie Wheeler. 
R no. 1239 

386 Richmond, David. 

An explanatory address and testimony of light and truth: to the 
^ O^' United Society of Believers or Shakers in the United States of 

America and to whom it may concern / by David Richmond. 
Darlington, England, 1879. (Glasgow: Hay, Nisbet & Co., pr.). 
40 p.; 19 cm. 
M no. 426; R no. 1246 



1'^^ 



\-> 



387 Robertson, James. 
Dr. Peebles and Elder Evans in Glasgow: farewell meetings. 
[New Lebanon, N.Y.?], 1887. 

[3] p.; 23 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 1248 

388 Robertson, James. 

; 1/ . '"^ Dr. Peebles and Elder Evans in Glasgow: farewell meetings. 
' *^ ' [New Lebanon, N.Y.?], 1887. 

6 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

R no. 1247 

389 Robinson, Charles Edson. 

A concise history of the United Society of Believers, called Shak- 
r ^ ers / by Charles Edson Robinson. East Canterbury, N.H.: Shaker 

Village, 1893. 



By the Shakers 91 



ix, [1], 134 p.; ill., ports.; 24 cm. 

Collection contains duplicate volumes with different cover titles: 

The Shakers and The Shakers and their homes. 

Published in other forms under the name C. R. Edson. 

Copy 2 was once owned by Laura E. Love, Sabbathday Lake, 

Maine. 

M nos. 86, 87; R no. 1249 

Rules for doing good. [New Lebanon, N.Y., s.d.]. 



Timeless rules of conduct credited to John Wesley. Broadside is 
1 5'^'^' printed on a heavy card and suitable for hanging on a wall. 
R no. 1254 

391 Sampson, Joseph Adam Hall. 

Remains of Joseph A. H. Sampson, who died at New-Lebanon, 
12 mo. 14, 1825, aged 20 years: published by the request of his 
■^ friends for the benefit of youth. Rochester, N.Y.: Printed by 

E. F. Marshall for Proctor Sampson of New-Lebanon, 1827. 
59, [1] p.; 13 cm. 
M nos. 81, 82; R no. 1263; S no. 75939; SS no. 30519 

392 Sampson, Joseph Adam Hall. 

Remains of Joseph A. H. Sampson, born at Marshfield, 10th 
month, 20th, 1805, died at New-Lebanon, 12th month, 14th, 
^ 1825, aged 20 years: published for the benefit of youth. Albany, 

N.Y.: Printed by Hoffman and White for Proctor Sampson of 
New-Lebanon, 1834. 
35, [1] p.; 15 cm. 

Copy was once owned by Miriam Of ford. 
M no. 83; R no. 1264; S no. 75939; SS no. 26624 



393 Sears, Chauncy Edward. 

Shakers: a short treahse on marriage / by C. E. Sears. Rochester, 

N.Y.: Daily Democrat Steam Printing House, 1867. 

13, [1] p.; 15 cm. 

Cover title. 

M no. 434; R no. 1270 



i4 



92 Printed Material 



J)^ 



394 Sears, Clara Endicott. 

Gleanings from old Shaker journals / compiled by Clara Endicott 

Sears. Boston; New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1916. 

xiii, 298 p., 32€. of plates: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 

Concerns the Harvard, Mass., Shaker community. 

Includes bibliographical references. 

R no. 1273 



395 The Shaker. Vol. 1, no. 1 (January 1871)-vol. 7, no. 12 
(December 1877). Watervliet, N.Y. [etc.], 1871-1877. 

P\ {£:' 7 vols.; 34 cm. 

•OST- Monthly. 

^ Known as the Shaker and Shakeress, Vol. 3 (1873)-vol. 5 (1875). 

Collection includes the unnumbered, extra issue dated 1873, 

entitled "Social gathering of the junior order of Believers of 

Mount Lebanon, in the pine grove, Canaan, Columbia County, 

N.Y." 

Binding of volume 7 bears the name Giles B. Avery. 

Part of the group of periodicals known collectively as the 

Manifesto. 

M no. 109; R nos. 975, 980, 982 

396 Shaker anthems and hymns: arranged for divine worship. 
Shaker Village, N.H., 1883. 

/^ 5 16 p.; 24 cm. 

Cover title. 

Most of these hymns were composed at Canterbury, N.H. 
M no. 438; R no. 1276 



55 



397 Shaker church covenant. Shaker Village, N.H., 1889. 
12 p.; 23 cm. 
Cover title. 

"For the better understanding of those who wish to know of the 
rules and regulations of our religious home, we have prepared 
the following brief summary ..." (back cover). The inside back 
cover offers the same information in German. 
M no. 441; R no. 1279 



By the Shakers 93 



398 Shaker church covenant. East Canterbury, N.H., 1906. 
13, [1] p.; 22 cm. 
Cover title. 

Lacks the German summary found in the earlier edition (see 
no. 397). 
R no. 1280 



B^ 



399 The Shaker conference. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1905. 
1 broadside; 33 cm. 

Contains a reprint of an article from the Pittsfield Eagle on the 
Peace Conference sponsored by the New Lebanon, N.Y., Shak- 
ers and a reprint of "The Shakers are for peace," an article from 
the Syracuse Post-Standard on the same event. 

R no. 1283 

400 Shaker hymnal / by the Canterbury Shakers. East Canterbury, 
N.H.: The Canterbury Shakers, 1908. (Boston, Mass.: Stanhope 

A S Press, F. H. Gilson Co., pr.). 
273 p.; 24 cm. 
Includes index. 
R no. 1284 

401 The Shaker manifesto. Vol. 8, no. 1 (January 1878)-vol. 12, no. 
12 (December 1882). Shaker Village, N.H. [etc.]: N. A. Briggs, 

j\ (p pub. [etc.], 1878-1882. 

5 vols.: ill.; 25 cm. 
Monthly. 

Edited by George Albert Lomas (1878-1881) and Henry Clay 
Blinn (1882). 

Part of the group of periodicals known collectively as the 
Manifesto. 
M no. 109; R no. 988 

402 Shaker music. East Canterbury, N.H., 1875-1892. 
. ^ xiv, 492 p.; 25 cm. 

r ^ Volume was formerly owned by Martha Perkins. 

"As the printing of this work has been done at different periods 
of time, it has occasioned many difficulties. Perhaps some errors 



94 Printed Material 



have escaped detection which might otherwise have been 
avoided; yet the candid reader must have charity for the 
printers" (title page). 

403 [Shaker music. S.I.: s.n., ca. 1880]. 
1 vol. (unpaged); 28 cm. 

A ^ While some of the sheets are headed "Shaker music," an over- 
whelming number are not. Some of the pages were printed at 
Shaker Village, N.H. Several of the hymns are priced at five 
cents, which means that they may have been sold separately. 
Volume has been laminated so that the sheets are the same size, 
larger than any of the leaves they contain. Covers are maps of 
New York and New England, where many Shaker communities 
were located. 

404 [Shaker music. S.I.: s.n., ca. 1880]. 
1 vol. (unpaged); 23 cm. 

Supplied title appears as a running head throughout the first 
three-quarters of the volume. 

Most of the hymns have been credited to the Canterbury, N.H., 
community. 
Volume was once owned by Jane Emily Smith. 



hs 



405 [Shaker music. S.I.: s.n., ca. 1885]. 
1 vol. (unpaged); 24 cm. 
Binder's title on spine: Music. 

h 5 Supplied title appears as a running head throughout the volume 

but not always on each page. 

Volume is a hymnal made up of pages from various other hym- 
nals, cut and bound together in one cover. Some of the pages 
match those in other hymnals in the collection. 
Many of the hymns are credited to the Canterbury, N.H., 
community. 

406 [Shaker music. S.I.: s.n., ca. 1890]. 
1 vol. (various pagings); 25 cm. 

j. ^ Compilation of many hymns taken from various hymnals. The 

music was composed from the mid-1880s through 1890. 
Volume was once owned by Doreta Horton. 



By the Shakers 95 



Shaker Seed Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

Annual price list for market gardeners. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1886. 
[4] p.; 29 cm. 
/0^^ Catalogue offering vegetable seeds. 
M no. 183; R no. 262 

408 Shakers as farmers: a visit to the North family at Mount Leba- 
non. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, ca. 1883]. 
1 broadside; 35 cm. 
"On invitation of Elder F. W. Evans, of the North Family of 

"Shakers, we visited that community recently, to note what was 
interesting from an agricultural point of view." 
Reprinted from the Chatham Courier (Chatham, N.Y.), probably 
at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, this broadside has been 
credited to Evans himself by some bibliographers. 
M no. 439; R no. 1306 

409 Shakers' tooth-ache pellets: always ready and convenient. [S.I.: 
s.n., ca. 1910.] 

1 broadside: ill.; 19 x 32 cm. 
Illustration is of a tooth with a deep cavity. 
R no. 321 

410 Shakers work for peace. [S.I.: s.n.], 1905. 
1 broadside; 19 cm. 

Reprint of an article from the Albany Evening Journal, August 9, 
1905, on the Shaker-sponsored Peace Conference of 1905 and the 
pacifist beliefs of the group. 

R no. 1310 

411 Shaw, Levi. 

[Catalogue]. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1902]. 

u>(fiO 1 broadside: ill.; 25 cm. 

Broadside catalogue of Shaker carpet and rug whips. Prices are 

/3^l' Oa,penned in, and a discount is offered. Shaw was the manufac- 
turer and wholesale dealer. 
R no. 341 



96 Printed Material 



^ ss^/ 



412 Smith, Walter C. 

Self-worship / by Rev. Walter C. Smith. [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1900]. 
1 broadside; 25 cm. 

^ A I ^-M'^ Includes, in addition to Smith's poem, an essay by Rev. John 
Pulsford entitled "The motherhood of God." 
R no. 1321 



^i 



h^ 



Bo^. IS 



413 Springfield, Ohio, Presbytery. 

ObservaHons on church government by the Presbytery of 

Springfield: to w^hich is added the last will and testament of that 

reverend body, with a preface and notes by the editor. Pittsfield, 

Mass.: Re-printed by Phineas Allen, 1808. 

28 p.; 18 cm. 

Editor was Richard McNemar. 

Bound and issued with The Kentucky revival . . . (no. 325). 

R no. 1335; SS no. 16176 

414 Springfield, Ohio, Presbytery. 

Observations on church government by the Presbytery of 
Springfield; to which is added the last will and testament of that 
reverend body, with a preface and notes by the editor. Cincin- 
nati printed; Albany: Re-printed by E. and E. Hosford, 1808. 
23 p.; 17 cm. 

Editor was Richard McNemar. 

Bound and issued with The Kentucky revival . . . (no. 324). 
R no. 1334; S no. 43606; SS no. 16175 

415 Stetson, Charlotte Perkins. 

A clarion call to redeem the race: the burden of mothers / by 

Charlotte Perkins Stetson. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y.: The Shaker Press, 

[ca. 1895]. 

[4] p.; 13 cm. (Lebanon leaves. Stir up series, no. 3) 

Cover title. 

After her marriage in 1900, the author was known as Charlotte 

Perkins Gilman. 

M no. 449; R no. 1337 



By the Shakers 97 



416 [Stewart, Philemon]. 

A holy, sacred and divine roll book: from the Lord God of 
heaven to the inhabitants of earth; revealed in the United Society 
. at New Lebanon, county of Columbia, state of New-York, 

n -^ United States of America. Canterbury, N.H.: Printed in the 

United Society, 1843. 
2 pts. in 1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Collection contains copies bound in one volume and copies 
bound in two volumes. A separately bound part 2 was once 
owned by Lucy S. Bowers, Enfield, Conn. See also no. 1133. 
M no. 93; R no. 1340; S no. 79708 

417 [Stewart, Philemon]. 

Part I: a closing roll from holy and eternal wisdom. Mother Ann, 
pp,v^, t/ Father William and Father James, to the children of Zion; Part II: 
a sacred covenant of our heavenly parents, sent forth upon earth 
to their children at the close of their late manifestation (on the 
holy mount of God) for the purification of Zion and the inhabit- 
ants thereof; given by inspiration in the church of the holy 
mount of God at New Lebanon, December 31, 1841; to be kept 
sacred by all Zion's children. Canterbury, N.H., 1843. 
39, [1] p.; 24 cm. 

Copy in the collection is uncut and not bound. 
M no. 11; R no. 1338 

418 [Stoffel, Margaretha]. 

Remarkable prophecy. . . . New Gloucester, Maine: [James 
:,Ai/' B Holmes], 1854. 
18 p.; 13 cm. 
Caption title. 

Stoffel resided at Ehrenthiel in the Tyrol region of Europe. She 
made her prophecy in 1847. It was translated from the German 
by Elias Schnider; the translation was printed originally in the 
Kennebec Jouryml (Kennebec, Maine), March 8, 1852. 
R no. 1345 

419 Stroud, Thomas. 

The spiritual teacher: why the Shakers are entitled to a candid 
^ ^ ' hearing / Thomas Stroud. [Canterbury, N.H., 1891]. 



98 Printed Material 



[2] p.; 24 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 450; R no. 1348 

420 Stroud, Thomas. 

The spiritual teacher: why the Shakers are entitled to a candid 
^ S^' hearing. [Enfield, Conn., 1891]. 

r A ,4^l.2> [2]p-;24cm. 
•^n 1^ • Caption title. 

At head of title: From the Medium and Daybreak, Apr. 17, 1891. 

R no. 1349 

421 Supplementary rules of the Shaker community: these are pub- 
lished to encourage the spirit of carefulness. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 

^^^. B 1894. 

4 p.; 18 cm. 

Cover title. 

Pamphlet was probably written by H. C. Blinn. 

Published to accompany Authorized rules of the Shaker community 

(see no. 33). 

M no. 131; R no. 1356 

422 Table monitor: I stood amid a bounteous banquet hall. [S.I.: s.n., 
^ no ca. 1900]. 

1 broadside; 21 x 31 cm. 
^ . 1 c: iJ-0 Poetic exhortation for diners not to waste food, perhaps written 
"^ by Cecelia Devere. 

R no. 1357 

423 Taylor, Leila Sarah. 

A memorial to Eldress Anna White and Elder Daniel Offord / by 
A 2 Leila S. Taylor. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y.: North Family of Shakers, 

^ ^ 1912. 

182 p., 5€. of plates: ports.; 18 cm. 

R no. 1359 

424 This too helps. [S.I.: s.n.], 1905. 
1 broadside; 33 cm. 



By the Shakers 99 



Reprinted from the Albany journal, this article concerns resolu- 
tions adopted at the Peace Conference held at New Lebanon, 
N.Y., August 31, 1905. 
R no. 1369 

425 [Tillinghast, Joseph]. 

Brief and useful moral instructions for the young / by a friend of 
youth and children. Worcester, Mass.: Printed by Chas. Hamil- 
.^.j r^ ton, 1858. 

39 p.; 16 cm. 

Pamphlet has been attributed to Frederick William Evans by the 
Library of Congress and to Frederick White Evans by William 
Cushing in his Initials and pseudonyms (New York, 1885), 
page 107. The Tillinghast attribuHon is based on a manuscript 
note on the copy in the Western Reserve Historical Society. 
R no. 1371 

426 Trial of the Shakers for an attempt to restrain the wife and three 
children of William H. Pillow: an exposure of their deceptions 

r,^\) . ^^ and her final release by a writ of habeas corpus; extracted from 
the True Wesleyan. [S.I.], 1847. 
22 p.; 19 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 517; R no. 1384 

427 Tyner, Paul. 

The Christ ideal in Shakerism / by Paul Tyner. East Canterbury, 
^tW.'^S N.H., 1896. 
10 p.; 23 cm. 
Cover title. 

"Published in the Humanitarian of January 1896 and re-published 
by permission" (p. [1]). 
M no. 459; R no. 1386 

428 Vincent, Henry. 

( ,, ,C Henry Vincent's visit to Mt. Lebanon, Col. Co., N.Y. Albany, 
N.Y.: Printing House of Van Benthuysen & Sons, 1868. 






100 Printed Material 



12 p.; 19 cm. (Shaker tract, no. 1) 
Also published in the Brooklyn Eagle. 
M no. 465; R no. 1407 

429 [Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.)]. 

[Catalogue and price list of Shakers' chairs. S.I.: s.n., ca. 1875]. 
r^77g' [4] p.: ill.; 15 cm. 

Attribution and title of this fragment are based on similarities 
^P ItI^ between the pamphlet's contents and the contents of other 

Wagan and Company chair catalogues in the collection. Publica- 
tion date is earlier than for the others because prices are lower. 
Catalogue explains how to order chairs, illustrates and gives 
prices for fancy oval covered boxes, and shows thirteen uphol- 
stered Shaker chairs. 

430 Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
Catalogue and price list of Shakers' chairs. Canaan, N.Y.: 

'fX' Eo\f-^ Canaan Printing Co., [ca. 1880]. 
16 p.: ill.; 13 cm. 
M no. 168; R no. 239 

431 Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

Illustrated catalogue and price list of Shakers' chairs: manufac- 
"7^ C '- '^^' ' ^ tured by the Society of Shakers. Pittsfield, Mass.: Geo. T. 
Denny, [ca. 1880]. 
15, [1] p.: ill.; 14 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 238 

432 Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

An illustrated catalogue and price list of the Shakers' chairs: 
1^,C. ^^n^-'^ manufactured by the Society of Shakers. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 
[ca. 1880]. 
16 p.: ill.; 15 cm. 
Cover title. 

Includes an advertisement for Lewis and Conger of New York 
(formerly J. and C. Berrian), a firm that sold Shaker chairs. 
R no. 245 



Bi/ the Shakers 101 



433 Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

Notice to our patrons. Mt. Lebanon: The Company, 1884. 
1 broadside; 22 cm. 
■ ift// Announces the death of R. M. Wagan and apologizes to cus- 
tomers for any delay in the reception of goods that Wagan's 
death may have caused. 

434 Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

u d/ \ T^^ styles and comparative sizes of the Shakers' chairs. 
' Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1875]. 

\ )lf,2S 1 broadside: ill.; 37 cm. 

This purple-colored broadside includes seven illustrations of 
chairs along with prices for them and for their cushions. 

435 Ward, Durbin. 

Shaker income tax: application to Commissioner [Columbus] 
^1 Delano / brief of Durbin Ward, counsel for applicants. Albany, 

21 p.; 23 cm. 

Cover title. 

For other material by Ward on Shaker taxation, see no. 1195. 

M no. 466; R no. 1411 

436 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
Notice. 1849. 

1 broadside photostat; 36 cm. 

Broadside in which the Shakers of Watervliet, N.Y., ask visitors 
to behave while visiting their community. "In consequence of 
the frequent intrusions and annoyances from many of the multi- 
tude who visit this Society for recreation, we are constrained by 
a sense of duty and propriety, to give the following notice. . . ." 
R no. 829 

437 [Wells, Seth Youngs]. 
A brief illustration of the principles of war and peace: showing 

> jj. the ruinous policy of the former and the superior efficacy of the 
* latter for national protection and defence; clearly manifested by 

their practical operations and opposite effects upon nations. 



h 



102 Printed Material 



kingdoms and people / by Philanthropos [pseud.]. Albany, N.Y.: 
Printed by Packard and Van Benthuysen, 1831. 
112 p.; 19 cm. 

Both Wells and William Ladd used the pseudonym Philanthro- 
pos, and both men have had this work attributed to them; how- 
ever. Dr. Andrews concluded that Wells was the author. 
M no. 78, 79; R no. 1413; S no. 38522; SS no. 7882 

438 [Wells, Seth Youngs]. 
Millennial praises: containing a collection of gospel hymns in 

.■j2 four parts, adapted to the day of Christ's second appearing; 

composed for the use of his people. Hancock, Mass.: Printed by 
Josiah Tallcott, Jr., 1813. 
viii, 288, [4] p.; 18 cm. 

Published originally in 1812, this hymnbook is considered to be 
the first one that the Shakers printed for their own use. It con- 
tains only the words to the hymns. 

Copy 3 in the collection was once owned by Anna Wright; cop- 
ies 1 and 2 were formerly owned by Nathaniel Deming. 
M no. 72; R no. 1416; S no. 79719; SS no. 30511 

439 [Wells, Seth Youngs]. 

Testimonies concerning the character and ministry of Mother 
^ C Ann Lee and the first witnesses of the gospel of Christ's second 

appearing: given by some of the aged brethren and sisters of the 
United Society, including a few sketches of their own religious 
experience; approved by the church. Albany, N.Y.: Printed by 
Packard & Van Benthuysen, 1827. 
178 p.; 19 cm. 

Co-compiler was Calvin Green. 

Copy 2 in the collection is bound in paper and not trimmed; 
copy 4 has the spine title: Testimonies. 
M no. 98; R no. 1421; S no. 102603; SS no. 30577 

440 Wells, Seth Youngs. 

Thomas Brown and his pretended history of the Shakers: corre- 
f-f^j, 1^ spondence between Seth Youngs Wells . . . and Prof. Benjamin 
Silliman of Yale College. . . . [New Lebanon, N.Y., ca. 1848]. 



By the Shakers 103 



8 p.; 16 cm. 

Caption title. 

A. G. Hollister contributed a biographical sketch of Wells, who 

died before this pamphlet was published. 

R no. 1418 

441 Whitcher, Mary. 

Mary Whitcher's Shaker house-keeper. Boston: Weeks & Potter, 
^^Jlf 1882. 

32 p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

Caption title. 

Includes recipes and hints for good health. 

Publisher sold Shaker medicines. 

R no. 1428 

442 Whitcher, Mary. 

Memorial services at East Canterbury, Mer. Co., N.H., Jan. 9, 
II 1890: in memory of Sister Mary Whitcher, whose death occurred 
''' the 6th inst. at 6-30 p.m. [East Canterbury, N.H., 1890]. 

12 p.; 23 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 377; R no. 1024 

443 [White, Anna], comp. 

Affectionately inscribed to the memory of Elder Frederic W. 
Evans: by his loving and devoted gospel friends. Pittsfield, 
I C Mass.: Press of the Eagle Publishing Co., 1893. 

129 p., 1 plate: port.; 18 cm. 

Cover title: Immortalized, Elder Frederic W. Evans. 
Collection has four copies, two of which are bound and two 
unbound. 
M no. 3; R no. 1433 

444 [White, Anna]. 

Affectionately inscribed to the memory of Eldress Antoinette Doo- 
little: by her loving and devoted gospel friends. Albany, N.Y.: 
^ Weed, Parsons and Co., 1887. 
32 p., 1 plate: port.; 18 cm. 
M no. 117; R no. 1434 



104 Printed Material 



445 White, Anna. 

Dedicated to the memory of Sister Polly Lewis: the king's 
daughter / by Anna White. [New Lebanon, N.Y.], 1899. 
Eni^- '"^ [7] p.; 14 cm. 

Cover title. 

This item is frequently referred to simply as The king's daughter. 
M no. 468; R no. 1435 



446 [White, Anna]. 

The motherhood of God. Canaan Four Corners, N.Y.: Press of 
.^ Berkshire Industrial Farm, 1903. 

/rnv/' 27 p.; 14 cm. 

Cover and caption titles. 

Text of remarks made at the Equal Rights Club of Hartford, 

Conn., February 6, 1903. 

M no. 469; R no. 1436 



447 [White, Anna], comp. 

Mount Lebanon cedar boughs: original poems / by the North 
^ g family of Shakers. Buffalo, N.Y.: The Peter Paul Book Co., 1895. 

316, [4] p.; 20 cm. 
M no. 74; R no. 1437 



448 White, Anna. 

My precious sister Mary. . . . [S.I.: s.n.], 1899. 
Env/. ^3 [4] p.; 18 cm. 

At head of title: Earth life, Feb. 3rd, 1899. 

Probably written on the occasion of the death of Mary Hazard. 

R no. 1435a 



449 [White, Anna]. 

Present day Shakerism. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. 1906]. 
39 p.; 13 cm. 
Er»v/. '"^ Cover title. 

Includes a bibliography of Shaker publications on page 38. 
R no. 1438 



By the Shakers 105 



450 White, Anna. 

Shakerism, its meaning and message: embracing an historical 
account, statement of belief and spiritual experience of the 
y4 3 church from its rise to the present day / by Anna White and 

Leila S. Taylor. Columbus, Ohio: Press of Fred. J. Heer, 1905. 
417 p., 33L of plates: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 
Includes index. 
M no. 107; R no. 1449 

451 [White, Anna], comp. 

To our well beloved mother in Israel, Eldress Eliza Ann Taylor: 
^ p- whose spirit passed "within the vail" November 28, 1897, in the 

® 87th year of her age. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., 1897. 

43 p., 2L of plates: ports.; 23 cm. 

Includes tributes to Martha J. Anderson (1844-1897) on pages 

23-43. 

Copy 3 was once owned by the East family. 

MacLean notes a joint compiler, Amelia J. Calver. 

M no. 457; R no. 1439 

452 White, Anna. 

True source of happiness / Anna White. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, 
Bn^ - '"^ ca. 1890]. 

6 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Also includes "Labor" by Annie R. Stephens. 

Collection copy contains the signature of Annie Rosetta 

Stephens. 

M no. 470; R no. 1440 

453 [White, Anna]. 

Vegetarianism among Shakers: republished from "the Counsel- 
En\/' '5 lor" ML Lebanon, N.Y.: North Family, [ca. 1895]. 
16 p.; 13 cm. 

Includes recipes on pages 11-16. 
R no. 1441 



206 Printed Material 



454 White, Anna. 

Voices from Mount Lebanon. Canaan 4 Corners, N.Y.: Berkshire 
j^^^. i'^ Industrial Farm Print, 1899. 
15 p.; 13 cm. 

"A paper read at the Universal Peace Meeting, Mystic, Conn., 
Aug. 23, 1899, by Eldress Anna White." 
M no. 471; R no. 1442 

455 White, Anna. 

Woman's mission / Anna White. [New Lebanon, N.Y.?, 
-z^^.n ca. 1890]. 

6 p.; 14 cm. 

Caption title. 

Also contains "Maternal spirit" by the same author. 

R no. 1443 

456 Whittaker, James. 

The Shaker shaken: or, God's warning to Josiah Talcott as 
jL denounced in a letter from James Whittaker, one of the United 

C t^^ ' Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing (vulgarly 

known as Shakers); from an original manuscript. New Haven, 

Conn.: Printed at the Bibliographical Press, over against Linonia 

& Brothers, 1938. 

16, [1] p.: ill.; 17 cm. 

Introduction is by Edward D. Andrews. 

R no. 1451 

457 Wickersham, George M. 

How I came to be a Shaker / by George M. Wickersham. East 
H ^^. 1^ Canterbury, N.H., 1891. 

15 p.; 14 cm. 
Cover title. 
M no. 472; R no. 1454 

458 Wickliffe, Robert. 

The Shakers / speech of Robert Wickliffe in the Senate of Ken- 
p , ^ l2 tucky — Jan. 1831; on a bill to repeal an act of the General Assem- 

bly of the state of Kentucky, entitled "an act to regulate civil 



Bi/ the Shakers 107 



proceedings against certain communities having property in 

common." Frankfort, Ky.: A. G. Hodges, 1832. 

32 p.; 19 cm. 

Caption title. 

Collection copy is signed on the front cover by Richard Bushnell. 

M no. 474; R no. 1458; S no. 103870; SS no. 17080 

Wingate, Charles F. 

Shaker sanitation / by Charles F. Wingate. [New Lebanon, 

N.Y.?, ca. 1880]. 

1 broadside; 40 cm. 

Reprinted from the Sanitary Engineer, vol. 3 (September 1880), 

this article has relevance to the North family of New Lebanon, 

N.Y. 

R no. 1461 

460 Winkley, Francis. 

[The village of the United Society of Shakers in Canterbury, 
J?/ N.H.]. 
'' p. 133-135: ill. 

In American magazine of useful knowledge (November 1835). 
' .^ / Supplied title is actually the caption under the illustration 

accompanying the article. 

Coauthored by Israel Sanborn and David Parker. 

R no. 1675 

461 Woods, Joseph. 

The Christian / by Joseph Woods. Canterbury, N.H., [ca. 1888]. 
,,' 16 p.; 12 cm. 
Cover title. 

Also includes "Maternal spirit" by Anna White. 
R no. 1464 

462 [Youngs, Benjamin Seth]. 

The testimony of Christ's second appearing: containing a general 
statement of all things pertaining to the faith and practice of the 
5 church of God in this latter day; published in union by order of 



33 



33 



108 Printed Material 



the ministry. Lebanon, Ohio: From the press of John M'Clean, 
Office of the Western Star, 1808. 
600, [3] p.; 20 cm. 

Contains seven parts covering topics ranging from man's crea- 
tion to the appearance of a Christ figure to "the reign and 
dominion of Antichrist" to "the second appearing of Christ." 
Tipped in following page 600 is a manuscript notation concern- 
ing the distribution of this work. 
M no. 101; R no. 1469; S no. 79723; SS no. 16776 

463 [Youngs, Benjamin Seth]. 

The testimony of Christ's second appearing: containing a general 
statement of all things pertaining to the faith and practice of the 
church of God in this latter day; published by order of the min- 
istry in union with the church. 2d ed., corr. & imp. Albany, 
N.Y.: Printed by E. and E. Hosford, 1810. 
xxxviii, 620, [2] p.; 19 cm. 

See no. 1136 for manuscripts relating to the publication of this 
volume. 
M no. 102; R no. 1470; S no. 79725; SS no. 22127 

464 [Youngs, Benjamin Seth]. 

The testimony of Christ's second appearing: containing a general 
statement of all things pertaining to the faith and practice of the 
p church of God in this latter day; published by order of the min- 

istry in union with the church. 3d ed., corr. & imp. Union Vil- 
lage, Ohio: B. Fisher and A. Burnett, 1823. 
XXXV, [1], 573, [3] p.; 20 cm. 

Contains the introduction that is missing in some copies. 
Copy 1 is inscribed: "Presented to Elder Nathaniel Deming by 
Eleazar Wright as a token of love & respect"; copy 2: "Comstock 
Betts's book, 1825, a present from Richard Macnemar." 
M no. 103; R no. 1471; S no. 79726; SS no. 15003 

465 [Youngs, Benjamin Seth]. 

Testimony of Christ's second appearing: exemplified by the prin- 
ciples and practice of the true church of Christ; history of the 
progressive work of God, extending from the creation of man to 



By the Shakers 109 



the "harvest" . . .; antichrist's kingdom, or churches, contrasted 
with the church of Christ's first and second appearing, the king- 
dom of the God of heaven. 4th ed. Albany, N.Y.: Published by 
the United Society, called Shakers, 1856. (Van Benthuysen, pr.). 
xxiv, 631, [1] p.; 23 cm. 
M no. 104; R no. 1472; S no. 79727 

466 Youngs, Benjamin Seth. 

Transactions of the Ohio mob: called in the public papers, "an 
tT y. 'o expedition against the Shakers." [S.I.: s.n., 1810?]. 
11 p.; 21 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 477; R no. 1474; S no. 106197; SS no. 22128 (1810 volume) 

467 Youngs, Isaac Newton. 

A short abridgement of the rules of music: with lessons for exer- 
P o^ • ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^ ^^^ observations for new beginners / by Isaac N. 
Youngs. New Lebanon, N.Y., 1843. 
40 p.; 13 X 20 cm. 
M no. 105; R no. 1479 

468 Youngs, Isaac Newton. 

A short abridgement of the rules of music: with lessons for exer- 
F'ni/' ^'? *"^^^ ^"*^ ^ ^^^ observations for new beginners. New Lebanon, 
N.Y., 1846. 
40 p.; 13 X 21 cm. 

Although identified as a reprint, this is actually the second edi- 
tion of a work published three years before. 
M no. 106; R no. 1480 



About the Shakers 



469 Adams, Charles Christopher. 

The New York State Museum's historical survey and collection 
of the New York Shakers / by Charles C. Adams. Albany, N.Y.: 
/ I The University of the State of New York, 1941. 

p. 77-141: ill., ports.; 23 cm. 
Cover title. 

"From New York State Museum Bulletin 323, pages 77-141. One 
hundred third annual report of the New York State Museum" 
(front cover). 
Bibliography: p. 140-141. 
R no. 2987 



470 Albany Argus (Albany, N.Y.). 

Chap. 174: an act in relation to certain trusts, passed April 15, 
-4 ^7t 1839. Albany, N.Y.: The Argus, 1839. 

1 broadside; 24 cm. 
C^j\ I S '^ Printed as an extra of the newspaper, this item records legisla- 
tion passed by the New York legislature specifically for the 
Shakers. The law permitted Shaker-held trusts. 
R no. 1078 



471 Albany Evening Journal (Albany, N.Y.). 

Debt collecting. [New Lebanon, N.Y., 1883]. 
S <iHS 1 broadside; 22 cm. 

Reprint of an article in the Albany Evening Journal replying to 
S>h ) V^S Frederick W. Evans's letter "Elder Evans on collecting debts" 
(no. 160). 
R no. 495 



110 



About the Shakers 111 



472 American Institute of Graphic Arts (New York, N.Y.). 

Fifty books of the year 1938: an exhibition of American book- 
making, selected and shown by the American Institute of 
aJ. Graphic Arts. New York: The Institute, 1938. 

^^' [32] p.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Cover title. 

One of the books on exhibit was Shaker furniture: the craftsmanship 
of an American communal sect by Edward Deming and Faith 
Andrews (see no. 496). 
R no. 1750a 



473 The American Museum, Claverton Manor (Bath, England). 
Guide. Bath: The Museum, [ca. 1963]. 

^c^. [16] p.: ill.; 26 cm. 

On page [12] are a photograph and description of the museum's 
Shaker installation. 

474 Anderson, Russell H. 

Agriculture among the Shakers: chiefly at Mount Lebanon / 
Russell H. Anderson. [Baltimore: Agricultural History Society], 
1950. 
,^ p. 113-120; 26 cm. 

Offprint of an article that appeared in Agricultural history, vol. 24 
yuly 1950). 

Article was originally given as a paper at a meeting of the Agri- 
cultural History Society with the American Historical Associa- 
tion, Boston, Mass., December 30, 1949. 
Includes bibliographical references. 
R no. 3003 

475 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The American Shakers. [Pittsfield, Mass.]: Shaker Community, 
D^ 1961. 

6 vols.: ill.; 22 cm. 

Caption title. 

Volumes are pamphlets that range in size from three to six 

pages. 



112 Printed Material 



Contents: I. Organization of the first communities. II. Principles 
and practices. III. Early history, persecutions. IV. Their mode of 
worship. V. Industries and craftsmanship. VI. Their religious art. 
R no. 1756 



476 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Communal architecture of the Shakers / by Edward Deming 
Andrews. 
J) 2^ p. 710-715: ill. 

In Magazine of art. Vol. 30, no. 12 (December 1937). 
R no. 3006 



477 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

^ The community industries of the Shakers / by Edward Deming 
3«^ ^n^f Andrews. Albany, N.Y.: The University of the State of New 
York, 1933. 

322 p.: ill.; 19 cm. (New York State Museum. Handbook, 15) 
Bibliography: p. 294-307. 
Includes index. 
R no. 1759 



h^^ 



478 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Craftsmanship of an American religious sect: notes on Shaker 
. furniture / by Edward A. and Faith Andrews. 

Uj^^^'*' n. 132-136: ill. 



p. 132-136: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 14, no. 2 (August 1928). 

R no. 3025 



479 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Designed for use: the nature of function in Shaker craftsman- 
ship / Edward Deming Andrews. 

A 2^ p. 331-341: ill. 

^ In New York history. Vol. 31, no. 3 (July 1950). 

Photographs by William F. Winter. 
Includes bibliographical references. 
R no. 3008 



About the Shakers 113 



480 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Designed for use: the nature of function in Shaker craftsman- 
ship / Edward Deming Andrews. Cooperstown, N.Y.: New York 
State Historical Association, 1950. 
11, [1] p.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Caption title. 

Cover title: Shaker furniture. 
Photographs by William F. Winter. 

Offprint from New York history, July 1950, published by the New 
York State Historical Association. (See no. 479.) 
Includes bibliographical references. 
R no. 3008 

Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Fruits of the Shaker tree of life: memoirs of fifty years of collect- 
ing and research / Edward Deming Andrews; Faith Andrews, 
a"* Stockbridge, Mass.: Berkshire Traveller Press, 1975. 

222 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 
Includes bibliographical references. 

482 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
The furniture of an American religious sect / by Edward D. and 

/f ^ Faith Andrews, 

p. 292-296: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 15, no. 4 (April 1929). 
R no. 3026 

483 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
The gift to be simple: songs, dances and rituals of the American 
Shakers / by Edward D. Andrews. New York: J. ]. Augustin, 
1940. 
xi, 170 p., 8L of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

Bibliography: p. 160-163. 
Includes indexes. 
R no. 1763 

484 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The Hancock Shakers: the Shaker community at Hancock, Mas- 
l^^'] (c^ sachusetts, 1780-1960 / by Edward Deming Andrews. Hancock, 
, , - -, Mass.: Shaker Community, Inc., 1961. 



U'"^ 



114 Printed Material 



[2], 39, [1] p.: ill.; 22 cm. 
R no. 2696 

485 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
In memory . . . Edward Deming Andrews, '16. 

CC-' p. 4^51 

In Amherst alumni news. Vol. 17, no. 2 (Fall 1964). 

On page 49 is a notice of the death of Dr. Andrews. A tribute 

was offered by a classmate, Scott Buchanan. 

486 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

An interpretation of Shaker furniture / by Edward D. and Faith 
^ f (A ♦ Andrews. 

^^ ' p. 6-9: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 23, no. 1 (January 1933). 
R no. 3027 

487 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The Kentucky Shakers / by Edward Deming Andrews. 

p. 356-357: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 52, no. 5 (November 1947). 

R no. 3010 



C^ 



tv- 



488 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
Living with antiques: a Shaker house in Canaan, New York / by 
Edward Deming Andrews. 

U^"^"" p. 408-411: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 81, no. 4 (April 1962). 

Cover of this issue shows Shaker barns at Canaan, N.Y. 

R no. 3011 

489 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The New York Shakers and their industries / by Edward D. 
„^ ' Andrews. Albany, N.Y.: New York State Museum, 1930. 

\j^K^ 7 p., [8] p. of plates: ill.; 23 cm. (New York State Museum. 

Circular, 2) 
R no. 3012 



About the Shakers 115 



490 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
The people called Shakers. 

.) \^ p. 154-162: facsims. 

Coauthored by Faith Andrews. 

In The Yale University library gazette. Vol. 31, no. 4 (April 1957). 

Article about an exhibition at the Yale University library. 

R no. 3028 

491 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The people called Shakers: a search for the perfect society / by 

Edward Deming Andrews. New York: Oxford University Press, 

1953. 

xvi, 309 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

Bibliography: p. 293-297. 

Includes index. 

R no. 1766 

492 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
The people called Shakers: a search for the perfect society / by 
Edward Deming Andrews. New enl. ed. New York: Dover Pub- 
lications, 1963. 
xvi, 351 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 

Bibliography: p. 293-297. 
Includes index. 
R no. 1767 

493 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Religion in wood: a book of Shaker furniture / by Edward Dem- 
ing Andrews and Faith Andrews. Bloomington; London: Indiana 
University Press, 1966. 
xxi, 106 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 
Bibliography: p. 105-106. 
R no. 1770 

494 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
Shaker architecture. 

, 3H p. 74-77 



116 Printed Material 



In The architect's world: a monthly digest. Vol. 1, no. 2 (March 

1938). 

R no. 3013 

495 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Shaker furniture / by Edward Deming Andrews. 
T) >- p. 60-66: ill. 

In Interior design. Vol. 25, no. 5 (May 1954). 

496 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Shaker furniture: the craftsmanship of an American communal 
A J- sect / by Edward Deming Andrews and Faith Andrews; photo- 

graphs by William F. Winter. New Haven, Conn.: Yale Univer- 
sity Press; London: Humphrey Milford; Oxford University Press, 
1937. 

xi, 133 p., 48 p. of plates: ill.; 29 cm. 
Bibliography: p. [121]-126. 
Includes index. 
R no. 1772 

497 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

. . -\U-hS Shaker furniture: the craftsmanship of an American communal 
'^ "^ sect / by Edward Deming Andrews and Faith Andrews; photo- 

/\ ^r graphs by William F. Winter. New York: Dover Publications, 

1950. 

xi, 133 p., 48 p. of plates: ill.; 28 cm. 
Bibliography: p. [121]-126. 
Includes index. 
R no. 1774 

498 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

2 ^ Shaker herbs and herbalists / by Edward Deming Andrews; Faith 

'-^ '^ ' Andrews. Stockbridge, Mass.: Berkshire Garden Center, 1959. 

16 p.: port.; 19 cm. 

499 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

^ Shaker horticulture. Hancock, Mass.: Hancock Shaker Village, 

-U. ^V^ 1962. 

£iA I 2> '7 ^ broadside: ill.; 26 cm. (Hancock Village keepsake, no. 3) 






About the Shakers 117 



Distributed to members of the Garden Club of America at their 
annual meeting at Lenox, Mass., in 1962. 
R no. 2698 



500 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
,; Shaker inspirational drawings / by Edward D. Andrews. 
fii^^'^' p. 338-341: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 48, no. 6 (December 1945). 
R no. 3017 



501 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

A Shaker meeting house and its builder / by Edward Deming 
, 14LI Andrews. Hancock, Mass.: Shaker Community, Inc., 1962. 

[2], 15 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 

The builder was Moses Johnson. 

R no. 1768 



502 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The Shaker order of Christmas / by Edward and Faith Andrews. 
New York: Oxford University Press, 1954. 
^,^^/,^^ [32] p.: col. ill.; 16 cm. 

"Of this first edition, 360 copies have been set aside by the pub- 
lisher as Monograph no. 42 for distribution by the Typophiles" 
(p. [32]). 
R no. 1777 



503 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The Shaker order of Christmas / recorded by Edward and Faith 
■^r, Andrews; and transcribed for the Museum of American Folk Art. 
^ n^' New York: The Museum, 1969. 
[32] p.: col. ill.; 13 cm. 

"Published on the occasion of an exhibition. The Shaker Order 
of Christmas, at the Museum of American Folk Art in New York 
City, from November 24, 1969 through January 4, 1970" (p. [31]). 
R no. 1778 



a 



118 Printed Material 



504 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
Shaker songs / by Edward D. Andrews. 

I p. 491-508: ill. 

In The musical quarterly. Vol. 23, no. 4 (October 1937). 
R no. 3019 

505 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
The Shakers, 1774-1960 / by Edward D. Andrews. 

, ^ i 6 items: ill. 

o,- Series of six articles in the Berkshire Eagle (Autumn 1960). 
'"^ ri Contents: 1. The Dawn of an era — and a nation. 2. Out of perse- 
cution, strength. 3. Ann Lee: from the forge of tragedy, a leader. 

4. The gradual evolution of a "peculiar" form of worship. 

5. Inventive suppliers to the world they shunned. 6. Hancock: 
the last chance to preserve a culture. 

506 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
The Shakers and electrotherapy, 
p. 180, 182 

( a'^ • In Antiques. Vol. 30, no. 4 (October 1936). 

Concerns the operation of an electromagnetic machine by 
Thomas Davenport of Brandon, Vt. 
R no. 3020 

507 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The Shakers in a new world / by Edward D. Andrews. 
. .A. p. 340-343: ill. 
t*^ ^^ In Antiques. Vol. 72, no. 4 (October 1957). 

Article on the furniture collection assembled by Dr. and Mrs. 

Andrews. 

R no. 3021 

508 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

The Shakers in New England / by Edward Deming Andrews. 
^ ^ S '\ p. [2]-10: ill. 
'I' '^ ' In The New-England galaxy. Vol. 2, no. 1 (Summer 1960). 

R no. 3022 



(jLt\ 



About the Shakers 119 



509 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Visions of the heavenly sphere: a study in Shaker religious art / 
Edward Deming Andrews and Faith Andrews. Charlottesville, 
g (X> Va.: Published for the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur 
Museum [by] the University Press of Virginia, 1969. 
xiv, [2], 138 p.: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 
Bibliography: p. [125]-132. 
Includes index. 
R no. 1779 

510 Andrews, Edward Deming. 

Who are the Shakers? / by Edward Deming Andrews. 
^ p. 100 

In Family circle. Vol. 64 (June 1964). 
R no. 3024 

511 Andrews, Edward Deming. 
Work and worship: the economic order of the Shakers / Edward 
Deming Andrews and Faith Andrews. Greenwich, Conn.: New 
York Graphic Society, 1974. 
224 p.: ill.; 26 cm. 

Bibliography: p. 219-222. 
Includes index. 
R no. 3846 

512 Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, 111.). 

American rooms in miniature, by Mrs. James Ward Thome: 
owned and circulated by the Art Institute of Chicago. 4th ed. 
i..p . Chicago: The Institute, 1941. 
' 78, [1] p.: ill.; 19 x 26 cm. 

Model room number 18 is called the living room of a Shaker 

community house; however, it exists nowhere in an original 

state. 

R no. 2839 (1962 edition) 

513 Baker, Arthur. 

Shakers and Shakerism / by the editor. London: Murdoch & Co. 
••-f Clarion Newspaper Co., 1896. 



^ 



120 Printed Material 



30, [2] p.; 22 cm. ("New moral world" series, no. 3) 

Other publications in the series are A plea for communism, The 

Brook Farm experiment, and The story of Ralahine. The publisher 

offered a catalogue of works on communism and sociology. 

Includes bibliographical references. 

R no. 1809 

514 Barber, John Warner. 

Historical collections of the state of New York: containing a gen- 
eral collection of the most interesting facts, traditions, biographi- 
ze I cal sketches, anecdotes, &c. relating to history and antiquities, 
with geographical descriptions of every township in the state, 
illustrated by 230 engravings / by John W. Barber and Henry 
Howe. New York: Pub. for the authors by S. Tuttle, 1841. (New 
Haven: B. L. Hamlen, pr.). 
608 p., 9€. of plates: ill., fold, map; 24 cm. 
Shaker community at Watervliet, N.Y., is described on pages 
54-55, at New Lebanon, N.Y., on pages 120-122. 
Copy lacks pages following no. 602, the folding map, and index 
entries H-Z, pages 11-14. 

515 Barry, Colman James. 

Worship and work: Saint John's Abbey and University, 1856- 
1956 / Colman J. Barry. Collegeville, Minn.: Saint John's Abbey, 
1956. 

447 p., [56] p. of plates: ill.; 26 cm. (American Benedictine Acad- 
emy. Historical studies, no. 11) 
Includes bibliographical notes and index. 
Shakers: p. 317-318. 

516 [Bates, Barnabas]. 

Peculiarities of the Shakers: described in a series of letters from 
Lebanon Springs in the year 1832, containing an account of the 
origin, worship, and doctrines of the Shakers' society / by a Visi- 
ter. New York: J. K. Porter, 1832. (William Van Norden, pr.). 
116 p.; 15 cm. 

Authorship is usually attributed to Benjamin Silliman, although 
documented to Barnabas Bates, a New York businessman. 
M no. 77; R no. 1828; SS no. 14710 



^ 



A 



About the Shakers 121 



517 Benedict, David. 

A history of all religions as divided into paganism, Mahometan- 
ism, Judaism and Christianity: with an account of literary and 
theological institutions, and missionary, Bible, tract and Sunday 
school societies; with a general list of religious publications, 
accompanied with a frontispiece of six heads / by David Bene- 
dict. Providence, R.I.: John Miller, 1824. 
360 p., 1 plate: ports.; 18 cm. 

"The Millennial Church, or United Society of Believers, com- 
monly called Shakers," p. 247-263. 
Frontispiece pictures six religious leaders. 
Includes bibliographical notes and a list of subscribers. 
R no. 1843; SS no. 15315 (records a New York imprint on a Prov- 
idence, R.I., product) 

518 Berkshire Museum (Pittsfield, Mass.). 

Shaker art and craftsmanship: an exhibition at the Berkshire 

Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts. . . . Pittsfield, Mass.: The. 

Museum, 1940. 

[7] p.; 26 cm. 

Cover title. 

Includes an essay by Edward D. Andrews entitled "Shaker art 

and craftsmanship." 

R no. 1855 



519 Berkshire Museum (Pittsfield, Mass.). 

Shaker exhibition . . . furniture, industrial material and textiles 
of the Shakers of New England and New York . . . camera stud- 
ies of the Shaker communities of Hancock, Mass., and Mount 
Lebanon, N.Y. Pittsfield, Mass.: The Museum, [1932]. 
[4] p.; 24 cm. 

Includes an essay entitled "The furnishings of Shaker dwellings 
and shops" by Edward D. Andrews. 

Objects for display were lent by Dr. and Mrs. Andrews; photo- 
graphs are by William F. Winter. 
Exhibition dates: October 10-30, 1932. 
R no. 1854 



122 Printed Material 



520 Black, Mary C. 

At the sign of Gabriel, flag, or Indian chief / Mary C. Black. New 
f. fC\ York: American Museum of Natural History, 1966. 

•'^''^ 13 p.: ill.; 26 cm. 

Facsimile reprint from Curator, Vol. 9, no. 2 (June 1966). 
Figures 8 and 9 show Shaker room settings. Article concerns folk 
art, especially at the Museum of Early American Folk Art in New 
York City. 

521 Blake, Nelson M. 

Eunice against the Shakers / Nelson M. Blake. 

p. 359-378 

In New York history. Vol. 41, no. 4 (October 1960). 

Includes bibliographical references. 

R no. 3088 



63 



£t^^ 



522 Born, W. 

Architecture and handicraft from the colonial days to the Civil 
^- War /by W. Born. 

. ^ - p. 1777-17S3: ill. 

In Ciba review. No. 76 (October 1949). 

Includes a picture taken by William F. Winter of a Shaker bed- 
room, page 2783. 
R no. 3093b 



523 Boston Symphony Orchestra (Boston, Mass.). 

Concert bulletin. . . . Boston, Mass.: The Orchestra, 1945. 

-- j.'^> 64 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 

'^ '^ Notes about Appalachian Spring on pages 27 and 28 include an 

explanation by Aaron Copland, who wrote the music, of section 
seven of the ballet: "Calm and flowing — Scenes of daily activity 
for the Bride and her Farmer-husband. There are five variations 
on a Shaker theme. The theme — sung by a solo clarinet — was 
taken from a collection of Shaker melodies compiled by 
Edward D. Andrews, and published under the title The 
Gift to be Simple [see no. 483]. The melody I borrowed and used 
almost literally, is called Simple Gifts." 



About the Shakers 123 



524 Brauer, Richard H. 

The fine arts: the gift to be simple / by Richard H. Brauer. 
/c<. p. 20-21: ill. 

In The cresset: a review of literature, the arts, and public affairs. 

Vol. 28, no. 11 (November 1965). 

Concerns Shaker furniture. The article includes illustrations of 

furniture from the collection of Dr. and Mrs. Edward D. 

Andrews. 



1^ 



525 Brightbill, Dorothy Lambert. 

Build a Shaker cupboard / by Dorothy Lambert Brightbill. 
^(;:f . p. 38: col. ill. 

In American home. Vol. 69, no. 7 (September 1966). 
"Another American home project." 

Magazine also contains a brief description of Shaker furniture on 
page 118 and an illustration showing Shaker boxes on page 72. 
R no. 3101 

Brown, Sandra G. 

Shaker history in the George Arents Research Library / by 

Sandra G. Brown. 

p. 3-10: facsims. 

In The courier. Vol. 8, no. 2 (January 1971). 

George Arents Research Library is a part of Syracuse University. 

"The scope of the Shaker Collection at Syracuse is broad. The 

approximately three hundred titles include all but a very few of 

the important printed works by or about the sect ..." (p. 10). 

[Browne, Charles Farrar]. 

The complete works of Artemus Ward: with a biographical 

sketch . . . and many humorous illustrations. New York: G. W. 

Dillingham, 1887. 

4 vols, in 1: ill.; 19 cm. 

Shakers: p. 28-34. 

528 Cambell, Sylvia. 

The practical cook-book: containing recipes, directions, &c. for 
A 7 plain cookery; being the result of twenty years experience in that 

art / by Mrs. Sylvia Cambell. Cincinnati: Longley Brothers, 1855. 



0)-^ 



124 Printed Material 



113, [4] p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

References to Shakers appear on pages 77, 78, 82, 95, and 96. 

The author lived near the New Lebanon, N.Y., Shaker 

community. 

Another edition was published in 1860 in Albany, N.Y. 

R no. 1930 

529 Carey, Graham. 

The 1965 convention. 

p. 107-112: ill. 

In Good work. Vol. 28, no. 4 (Autumn 1965). 

The Catholic Art Association awarded a medal to the Shakers for 

their industrial arts. 

R no. 3116 



530 Chandler, Lloyd Horwitz. 

The New Hampshire Shakers / by Lloyd H. Chandler, 
p. [1]-17: ill. 
ti^^ ' ^ In Historical New Hampshire. Vol. 8, no. 1 (March 1952). 

Text originally appeared in the Granite monthly, vol. 16 (1894). 
R no. 3124 



g^.;.?'^ 



U/^^'^" 



531 Comments on the Shakers from various sources in the New 
Hampshire Historical Society library. 
p. 19-31: ill. 

In Historical New Hampshire. Vol. 8, no. 1 (March 1952). 
Often cited incorrectly as part of Lloyd H. Chandler's article 
"The New Hampshire Shakers" (see no. 530), which appears on 
the first seventeen pages of this issue. 

R no. 3138 

532 Comstock, Helen. 

Shaker crafts on view / by Helen Comstock. 
-j- ^ p. 344-347: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 72, no. 4 (October 1957). 

Concerns the collection at Shaker Museum, Old Chatham, N.Y. 

R no. 3141 



About the Shakers 125 



533 Conlin, Mary Lou. 

The North Union story: a Shaker society, 1822-1889; written for 
the Shaker Historical Society, Shaker Heights, Ohio / by Mary 
*^. Lou Conlin. Cleveland: Ontario Printers, 1961. 

16 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Cover title. 
Bibliography: p. 16. 
R no. 1996 

534 Connecticut Dairymen's Association. 

Dairymen's field meeting: by invitation of the Shaker families, 
. '^'^ Shaker Station, Conn. [S.l.]: The Association, 1910. 
le.: ill.; 21 cm. 
Cover title. 

Program of a meeting of the Connecticut Dairymen's Association 
that took place on Shaker property, August 25, 1910. 
R no. 1998 

535 Coomaraswamy, Ananda K. 

[Review of Shaker furniture, by E. D. and Faith Andrews, and 
four other books.] [S.l.]: College Art Association of America, 
■X- 1939. 

p. 200-206; 31 cm. 

Reprinted from the Art bulletin, vol. 21 (1939). 

536 Court of Appeals: the Shaker case; Cass & Bonta vs. Wilhite 
and als. 

[l]p. 

In The commonwealth. Vol. 2, no. 61 (June 3, 1834). 

This decision denied Cass and Bonta (sometimes spelled Banta) 

property that they sought after leaving the Shakers. 

Another version of this case was edited by Richard McNemar. It 

is not in the collection. 

537 Crook, Elizabeth. 

Silver Burdett music: teacher's edition / 2 / Elizabeth Crook, Ben- 
nett Reimer, David S. Walker. Morristown, N.J., [etc.]: Silver 
Burdett, 1981. 



126 Printed Material 



xvi, 279 p.: ill.; 31 cm. 
Includes indexes. 
Shaker song on page 211. 

538 Cross, Dorothy Embry. 

"Shakertown" / by Dorothy Embry Cross (Mrs. Wm. T. Cross). 
3 [Harrodsburg, Ky., 1921]. 
^>'^^' [4] p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

Pamphlet on the Shaker community at Pleasant Hill, Ky. 
R no. 2014 

539 Darrow School (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

Catalogue: auction of Shaker antiques at Darrow School, New 
Lebanon, New York, Saturday 5 August, 1961. [New Lebanon, 
X) 3 N.Y.?: The School?], 1961. 

18€.; 36 cm. 
Cover title. 

Typewritten at end: "N.B. Books will be sold at the end of the 
sale on a choice basis, starting at $1.00 each." 
R no. 1943 

540 Darrow School (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
Darrow. New Lebanon, N.Y.: The School, 1939. 

d >- 42 p.: ill., ports.; 21 cm. 

Cover title. 

Among the pages of this school catalogue are illustrations of the 
buildings originally used by the Shakers of the New Lebanon, 
N.Y., community. In 1930 the community's land was deeded to 
the school, and in 1932 the school began operating under the 
name Lebanon School. In 1938 the name was changed to the 
Darrow School. 
Includes an application form for admission. 

541 Darrow School (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

Shaker dwelling sale: North family dwelling. . . . New Lebanon: 
h i^ The School, 1973. 

36 p.: ill., plans; 23 cm. 



About the Shakers 127 



Catalogue offering house contents and interior architectural 

details to bidders. 

Catalogue was prepared by Ronald D. Emery; photographs were 

taken by Michael Flomen. 

R no. 2025 

542 Davidson, Ruth B. 
The editor's attic. 

d-^ p. 300-314: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 58, no. 4 (October 1950). 

In the section of this column devoted to books about antiques, 

the editor discusses the Dover edition of Dr. and 

Mrs. Andrews's book Shaker furniture (see no. 497). 

543 Desroche, Henri Charles. 

Les Shakers Americains: d'un Neo-christianisme a un Pre- 
socialisme / Henri Desroche. Paris: Les Editions de Minuit, 1955. 
L^ I 330 p.: charts, maps; 23 cm. (Bibliotheque Internationale de 

Sociologie de la Cooperation, 1) 

"Ouvrage public avec le concours du Centre National de la 
Recherche Scientifique" (title page). 

Copy includes, laid in at rear, a critical review by Verne H. 
Fletcher that appeared in the October 1956 number of the Journal 
of religion (see no. 552). 
Also published in English. 
R no. 2050 

544 [De Vere, Mary Ainge]. 

A wonderful little world of people / by Madeline S. Bridges 
[pseud.]. 
^ VS> p 6_7. ill., ports. 

In Ladies' home journal. Vol. 15, no. 7 (June 1898). 
R no. 3174 

545 Dixon, William Hepworth. 

New America / by William Hepworth Dixon; with illustrations 
K 1 from original photographs. 3d ed. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 

" 1867. 



128 Printed Material 



495, [8] p., 6€. of plates: ill., ports.; 21 cm. 

Book is a narrative of the Englishman William Dixon's travels in 

America during the 1860s. He discusses the Shakers on pages 

301-346. 

Unnumbered pages contain a list of books available from the 

publisher. 

R no. 2055 

546 Dow, Edward French. 

,3 A portrait of the Millennial Church of Shakers / by Edward F. 
■< ^■^^' Dow. Orono, Maine: Printed at the University Press, 1931. 

52 p.; 23 cm. (University of Maine. Studies, 2d series, no. 19) 
Published also as volume 34, number 1, of the Maine bulletin, 
August 1931. 

547 Dowe, Arthur W. 

^ -^ The commonwealth of Jesus / by Arthur W. Dowe. San Fran- 

^•^'^" Cisco, 1890. 

1 p.€., 40 p.; 17 cm. 

Dowe was interested in organizing a Shakerlike community in 
San Francisco. This publication sets forth the beliefs of his reli- 
gious order. According to the author, the Shakers and his 
intended group would differ in two fundamental respects. First, 
while the Shakers' officers were chosen by the leadership, Dowe 
wanted his sect to pick its officers through a popular election. 
Second, Dowe's community would not practice celibacy. 

548 Dyer, Walter A. 

The furniture of the Shakers: a plea for its preservation as part of 
p, -^ our national inheritance / by Walter A. Dyer, 

p. 650, 669-673: ill. 

In The house beautiful. Vol. 65, no. 5 (May 1929). 
R no. 3183 

549 Evans, John. 

History of all Christian sects and denominations, their origin, 
peculiar tenets, and present condition: with an introductory 
account of atheists, deists, Jews, Mahometans, pagans, &c. / by 



M 



dv 



About the Shakers 129 



John Evans; from the fifteenth London edition, revised and 

enlarged with the addition of the most recent statistics relating 

to religious sects in the United States, by the American editor. 

2d ed. New York: James Mowatt & Co., 1844. 

288 p.; 19 cm. 

Shakers: p. 164-176. 

Includes index. 

Issued in at least eighteen editions beginning in 1795. 

550 Exhibitions and sales, 
p. 146-152: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 26, no. 4 (October 1934). 

Among the other topics they considered, the editors of the mag- 
azine noted the Lenox Library Association's exhibition of Shaker 
furniture and objects at Sedgwick Hall, Lenox, Mass., 
August 23-September 8, 1934. 
See also no. 597. 



(i^S^P 



551 Ferguson, Edwin Earle, arranger. 

Ye followers of the lamb: SATB with piano / Edwin Earle Fergu- 
son. New York: Associated Music Publishers, 1968. 



■^ad (-1. 16 p.: music; 27 cm. 

Music and words of a Shaker song for a four-part chorus of 
mixed voices, with piano. Taken from The gift to be simple by 
Edward D. Andrews (see no. 483). 

552 Fletcher, Verne H. 

Les Shakers Americains: d'un Neo-christianisme a un pre-social- 

isme?, by Henri Desroche. . . . [Chicago]: University of Chicago 

Press, 1956. 

p. 277-279; 22 cm. 

Offprint of a review that appeared in the journal of religion, 

vol. 36, no. 4 (October 1956). 

553 Force, Juliana. 
Catalogue of a private sale of Shaker furniture from the collec- 
tion of Mrs. Willard Burdette Force: at "Shaker Hollow," South 
Salem, Westchester County, N.Y.; May 18 and 19, 1937. 



2^r,y. SH 



130 Printed Material 



[4] p.; 23 cm. 

Introduction is by Edward D. Andrews. 

R no. 1994 

554 Fowler & Wells Co. (New York, N.Y.). 

Just published: Every-day biography, containing a collection of 
-# 32>^ nearly 1,400 brief biographies . . ., by Amelia J. Calver. New 

. . , ^;2: 1 York: The Company, [1889]. 

^^ 1 broadside; 26 x 34 cm. 

Advertisement for a Shaker-authored book that is not in the 
collection. 

555 Fowler & Wells Co. (New York, N.Y.). 

[Publisher's advertisement for Every-day biography by Amelia J. 
^ ^^^ Calver.] New York: The Firm, [1889]. 



Ck\^i^ 1 p.; 24 cm 

S ^ ' On thp nth 



U'^ 



On the other side is an advertisement for "The man wonderful 
manikin." 

556 Frances, Evan. 

American classic — furnishings in the Shaker manner / by Evan 
Frances. 
a > p. 42-47: col. ill.; 28 cm. 

In Family circle. Vol. 64 (June 1964). 
R no. 3220 

557 The gift to be simple. 
[8] p.: ill. (some col.) 

In Portfolio: a magazine for the graphic arts. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Win- 
e^-^ terl950). 

Concerns Shaker inspirational drawings. 
Unpaged issue of the magazine. 
R no. 3239 






558 Gordon, Beverly. 

Shaker textile arts / Beverly Gordon. Hanover, N.H.; London: 
University Press of New England, 1980. 



T? 9. 



About the Shakers 131 



xiv, 329 p., [8] p. of plates: ill. (some col.); 21 cm. 
Bibliography: p. 291-299. 
Includes index. 

559 Gowans, Alan. 

Shakerne og deres m0belkunst / af Alan Gowans. 
2 2^ p. 192-197: ill. 

In Dansk Kunsthaandvaerk (1960). 
R no. 3250 

560 Greene, Nancy Lewis. 

Ye olde Shaker bells / by Nancy Lewis Greene; records furnished 
by Margaret Buckner Clark. Lexington, Ky.: N. L. Greene, 1930. 
j^ 4 83 p., 7L of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 

Includes observations made at the Pleasant Hill, Ky., community 
from January 1, 1856, to January 27, 1871. 
R no. 2187 

561 Guild of Shaker Crafts (Spring Lake, Mich.). 
Portfolio no. 1. Spring Lake: The Guild, [ca. 1965]. 

n^rtt" [3], 44 p.: ill., col. samples; 21 cm. 

Color samples are of cloth used for a smock, apron, and bonnet. 

^.\ "For this first catalogue. Portfolio No. 1, we have selected for 

reproduction items from the well-known Andrews Collection" 
(p. [3]). Items include house furnishings and clothing. 

562 Guild of Shaker Crafts (Spring Lake, Mich.). 
Portfolio number 2. Spring Lake: The Guild, [ca. 1970]. 
[3], 32 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 

Second catalogue of Shaker reproductions. Many of the items 
offered duplicate those in the first publication (see no. 561). 
Price list tipped in at rear. 

563 Guthe, Carl Eugen. 

The Shakers / by Carl E. Guthe. 
p. 103-104, 106 
"^ In House and garden. Vol. 87, no. 3 (March 1945). 

R no. 3258 



132 Printed Material 



564 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

jL Herb garden: Hancock Shaker Village. Hancock, Mass.: The Vil- 

^'^^^x lage, [ca. 1975]. 

C<:A*^^) [2] p.: ill.; 22 X 28 fold to 22 x 10 cm. 

Includes a modern list of Shaker herbs raised at the restoration. 

565 Harris, Amanda B. 
Among the Shakers. 

^,mJ'^^ p. 21-24 

In The granite monthly: a New Hampshire magazine devoted to 
literature, history, and state progress. Vol. 1, no. 1 (April 1877). 
R no. 3272 

566 Harvard University. Committee on the Visual Arts (Cambridge, 
Mass.). 

"IP 3 Report of the Committee on the Visual Arts at Harvard Univer- 

sity. Cambridge, Mass.: The University, 1956. 
xviii, 155 p.: map; 24 cm. 

This copy, marked by Edward D. Andrews, reflects some of his 
thinking concerning the teaching of American civilization 
through the study of a people and their artifacts. 

567 Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum (Winterthur, Del.). 
Aspects of Shaker culture: a symposium marking the dedication 

F riv/ < ^^ o^ ^^^ Edward Deming Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection: 

November 17, 1969. Winterthur, Del.: The Museum, 1969. 
[3] p.; 22 cm. 
Program for the symposium. 

568 Hinds, William Alfred. 

American communities: brief sketches of Economy, Zoar, Bethel, 
-Q ji Aurora, Amana, Icaria, the Shakers, Oneida, Wallingford, and 

the Brotherhood of the New Life / by William Alfred Hinds. 
Oneida, N.Y.: Office of the American Socialist, 1878. 
176 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Shakers: p. 81-116. 

Copy lacks binding and most of the illustrations. 
R no. 2242 



About the Shakers 133 



569 Hinds, William Alfred. 

American communities / by William Alfred Hinds. Rev. ed., 
enlarged to include additional societies, new and old, commu- 
/V '2, nistic, semi-communistic, and co-operative. Chicago: Charles H. 

Kerr & Co., 1902. 

433 p., Ue. of plates: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 
"The Shakers and their thirty-five community families," 
pages 26-62. 
R no. 2243 

570 Historic American Buildings Survey (Washington, D.C.). 
Catalog of the measured drawings and photographs of the Sur- 

f\ c^c> ^^y ^" *he Library of Congress: comprising additions since 
^ March 1, 1941. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1959. 
1 vol. (unpaged): ill., plans; 24 cm. 

Includes references to the buildings at the Pleasant Hill, Ky., 
Shaker community. 
R no. 2248 

571 Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire (England). 
Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire: 
twenty-seventh session, third series — volume III, session 1874- 
75. Liverpool, England: Adam Holden, 1875. 
xix, 198 p., [9] p. of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

Contains a biographical sketch of Ann Lee by William E. A. 
Axon, a brief Shaker bibliography, and an appendix, "The Shak- 
ers of the New Forest," about a religious sect in England that 
shared some characteristics with the Shakers. 

572 Hodgson, Stuart. 
An American communist experiment, 
p. [320]-328 

In The contemporary review. Vol. 144, no. 813 (September 1933). 
Article attempts to explain the demise of the Shaker moverrient. 
R no. 3305 

573 Hopping, D. M. C. 
The architecture of the Shakers / by D. M. C. Hopping and 



A + 



(^(^ h(f A- - Gerald R. Watland 



134 Printed Material 



p. 335-339: ill., plans 

In Antiques. Vol. 72, no. 4 (October 1957). 

R no. 3314 



574 Howells, William Dean. 

Three villages / by W. D. Howells. Boston: James R. Osgood and 
Co., 1884. 
P\ -^ 198 p.; 16 cm. 

On pages 67-113 Howells describes his visit to the Shirley, 

Mass., Shaker community. The account originally appeared in 

the Atlantic monthly, June 1876. 

Inscribed: To the Shakers of Alfred from their affectionate friend, 

W. D. Howells, York Harbor, Oct. 26, 1913. 

R no. 2288 



575 Howells, William Dean. 

The undiscovered country / by W. D. Howells. Boston: Hough- 
ton, Mifflin and Co., 1880. 
(\up 419 p.; 20 cm. 

^ Collection copy has the bookplate of the Church family library. 

Shaker Station, Conn. 
R no. 2289 



576 Hutton, Daniel Mac-Hir. 

Old Shakertown and the Shakers: a brief history of the rise of 
the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Coming, the 
establishment of the Pleasant Hill colony, their beliefs, customs 
and pathetic end / by Daniel Mac-Hir Hutton. Harrodsburg, Ky. 
Harrodsburg Herald Press, 1936. 
67 p.: ill., ports.; 23 cm. 
R no. 2302 



^ 



^-. 



577 I shall soon be ten years old: translated from the French. 

London; Dublin: Dublin Tract Repository, [ca. 1890]. 
j_- 16 p.; 11 cm. 
t:nO 3 Moral precepts affecting Shaker thought. 



About the Shakers 135 



578 Index of American Design (Washington, D.C.). 
, ^^ Traveling exhibitions & color slides. Washington, D.C.: U.S. 
■^ (^ ' ' Government Printing Office, 1957. 
/3)5. 8 p.; 23 cm. 

The National Gallery of Art's Index of American Design made 
available exhibitions of Shaker craftsmanship and furniture. Fifty 
lantern slides had been prepared on Shaker furniture, costume, 
and textiles. 
R no. 2873 (1964 edition) 



579 Jackson, Edwin. 

New England stoves / by Edwin Jackson. 
^ p. 55-64: ill. 

In Old-time New England. Vol. 26, no. 2 (October 1935). 

Shaker stoves are discussed and illustrated. 



580 Jackson, George Pullen. 

Down-east spirituals and others: three hundred songs supple- 
mentary to the author's Spiritual folk-songs of early America / 
collected and edited by George Pullen Jackson. New York: J. J. 
Augustin, [1943]. 
296 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 
Bibliography: p. [284]-287. 
Includes indexes. 
Inscribed by author. 

581 Johnson, Clifton. 

The passing of the Shakers / by Clifton Johnson. 
^ p. [2]-19, 50-66: ill., port. 

^ ^ In Old-time New England. Vol. 25, nos. 1-2 (July-October 1934). 

R no. 3337 



582 Jonas, Gerald. 

The Shaker revival . . . / Gerald Jonas, 
p. [4]-33: ill. 
"g U In Galaxy. Vol. 29, no. 5 (February 1970). 



l< 



136 Printed Material 



583 Jones Library (Amherst, Mass.). 

Exhibition of Shaker craftsmanship: the Jones Library, Amherst, 

Massachusetts, June 12 to September 12; assisted by Dr. and 

Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews of Pittsfield, Mass. Amherst, 

Mass.: The Library, [1937]. 

[6] p.; 22 cm. 

Includes bibliographical references. 

R no. 2337 

584 Jordan, George E. 

The Shaker collection of the late George E. Jordan and 
Mrs. Gladys C. Jordan of Epping, N.H.: unreserved public auc- 
-3) 3 tion sale. . . . [S.I.: s.n.], 1968. 

[48] p.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Coauthored by Gladys C. Jordan. 
R no. 2689 

585 Joy, Arthur F. 

The queen of the Shakers / A. F. Joy. 
1 vol. (various numbers) 
/t _2 In New England homestead. Vol. 130-131 (September 1957- 

November 1958). 

This study of Ann Lee and the Shaker movement was published 
serially for more than a year. The collection has an incomplete 
run, holding chapters 1-4, 8-9, and 11-13, dating from 
September 14, 1957, to April 12, 1958. 
R no. 3340 

586 Joy, Arthur F. 

The Shakers, 1774-1954 / by Arthur F. Joy. 
^^^MR P- 86-[95]: ill., ports. 

In Yankee. Vol. 18, no. 7 (July 1954). 

People and places in the illustrations are identified by 

Dr. Andrews on a separate card. 

R no. 3341 

587 Kay, Jane Holtz. 

, Last of the Shakers . . . / by Jane Holtz Kay. 

\x.\r^C*^ P- 14-21: ill. (some col.), col. port. 

be/) 



V"Y\rv_vjrk 



About the Shakers 137 



In Historic preservation. Vol. 34, no. 2 (March/April 1982). 
Concerns activities at the Canterbury Shaker Village Museum 
(N.H.) and the thoughts of the Shaker residents there. 

588 Keyes, Homer Eaton. 

The coming Shaker exhibition in Manhattan: a gallery note, 
p. 204-205: ill. 
<^ > In Antiques. Vol. 28, no. 5 (November 1935). 

Announcement of a Shaker furniture exhibition at the Whitney 
Museum in New York City, November 12-December 15, 1935. 
R no. 3356 

589 Keyes, Homer Eaton. 

The editors attic . . .: a Shaker house of worship, 
p. [185]-186: ill. 
^ '' In Antiques. Vol. 33, no. 4 (April 1938). 

Article concerns Benson J. Lossing's watercolor showing the 
interior of the Shaker meetinghouse at New Lebanon, N.Y. 
R no. 3358 

590 Kohrman, John A. 
A Shaker trust. 
p. 3915-3916 

In West Publishing Co.'s docket. Vol. 4, no. 34 (Autumn 1937). 
Report on two Kentucky lawsuits involving the personal prop- 
erty of individuals becoming Shakers. 



e> 



591 Langford, Laura Holloway. 

The story of a piano / by Laura Holloway Langford. New York: 
O. Wissner, [ca. 1900]. (Burr Printing House, pr.). 
P J [2], 36, [2] p., 1 plate: port.; 19 cm. 

Contains advertisements for Wissner pianos. 

Text is a fictionalized account of an effort to get a piano for a 

music teacher with the assitance of the New Lebanon, N.Y., 

Shaker community. It was written for a juvenile audience and 

distributed during the Thanksgiving/Christmas season, 

circa 1900. 

R no. 2363 



238 Printed Material 



592 Lassiter, William L. 

The Shaker legacy / by William L. Lassiter. 
(t ^ p. 45, 120, 122, 134 

In House and garden. Vol. 87, no. 3 (March 1945). 
R no. 3367 

593 Lebanon School (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

Catalogue for the year. New Lebanon, N.Y.: The School, 1932, 
1934. 

2 vols.: ill.; 24 cm. 

While these two issues of the school's catalogue serve as an 
introduction to the institution, they also feature illustrations of 
the buildings used originally by the members of the New Leba- 
non Shaker community. In 1930 the community's land was 
deeded to the school, and in 1932 the school began operating. In 
1938 the name of the school was changed to the Darrow School. 



(?> 



594 Lebanon School (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

The Lebanon Shakers, 1780-1929: an unfamiliar chapter in Amer- 
^ (> J, ^\ ican history and a possible future development. [New York?], 
1929. 

5 p.; 20 cm. 
Cover title. 

Concerns the establishment of a school on the grounds of the 
Shakers' New Lebanon, N.Y., community. In time the school 
would become known as the Darrow School. 
R no. 2373 

595 Lebanon School (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

The peg board. Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 1933)-[vol. 5, no. 4] 
Qune 1938). New Lebanon: The School, 1933-1938. 
r -> 5 vols.: ill., ports.; 27 cm. 

4 times a year. 

Collection is incomplete for the years held. The collection has 
volume 1, numbers 1 and 2; volume 2, number 2; volume 3, 
number 2; volume 4, numbers 1-4; and volume 5, numbers 1- 
[4]. There are two runs of volume 4, numbers 2-4, one for 1936 
and the other for 1937. 
R no. 3522 



About the Shakers 139 



596 Lenox Library Association (Lenox, Mass.). 

Exhibit of applied photography: prepared by William F. Winter 
of Schenectady, N.Y.; under the auspices of the Lenox Library 
Association, Sedgwick Hall, Lenox, Mass., August 23- 
September 8, 1934. Lenox, Mass.: The Association, 1934. 
[3] p.; 16 cm. 

597 Lenox Library Association (Lenox, Mass.). 

Exhibit of Shaker furniture: under the auspices of the Lenox 
Library Association . . . August 23-September 8. Lenox, Mass.: 
■ \ \ The Association, [1934]. 
C^ [4] p.; 25 cm. 

Contains an essay by Edward D. Andrews entitled "Shaker 

furniture." 

See also no. 550. 

R no. 2376 

598 [Lossing, Benson John]. 
The Shakers. 

p. 164-177: ill. 
Si'wJ' ^^ ^" Harper's new monthly magazine. Vol. 15, no. 86 (July 1857). 
Authorship is incorrectly attributed to Walt Whitman by some 
bibliographers. 
R no. 3385 

599 MacLean, John Patterson. 

A bibliography of Shaker literature: with an introductory study 

of the writings and publications pertaining to Ohio Believers / by 
rr ^iC J- P- MacLean. Columbus, Ohio: Published for the author by 
^'^*^' Fred J. Heer, 1905. 

71 p.: ports.; 23 cm. 

Collection copy was formerly owned by M. Catherine Allen; it 

had been presented to her by the author. 

R no. 2407 

600 MacLean, John Patterson. 

A bibliography of Shaker literature: with an introductory study 
K."^ R. of the writings and publications pertaining to Ohio Believers / by 

J. P. MacLean. New York: Burt Franklin, 1971. 



,o 



^^S 



B'j 



140 Printed Material 



[2], 71 p.: ports; 23 cm. (Burt Franklin. Bibliography & reference 
series, 422.) (Essays in literature and criticism, 138.) 

601 MacLean, John Patterson. 

The Kentucky revival and its influence on the Miami Valley / by 
J. P. MacLean. [Columbus, Ohio, 1903]. 
45 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Bibliography: p. 40-45. 
R no. 2409 



c\ 



A 



o~ 



M 



602 MacLean, John Patterson. 

Origin, rise, progress and decline of the Whitewater community 

of Shakers: located in Hamilton County, Ohio / by J. P. 

MacLean. 

p. 401-443: ill. 

In Ohio archaeological and historical quarterly. Vol. 13, no. 4 

(October 1904). 

R no. 3401 

603 MacLean, John Patterson. 

Shakers of Ohio: fugitive papers concerning the Shakers of Ohio, 
with unpublished manuscripts / by J. P. MacLean. Columbus, 
Ohio: F. J. Heer Printing Co., 1907. 
415 p., 7€. of plates: ill., ports.; 23 cm. 

Volume once belonged to Alonzo Giles HoUister and contains a 
notation in his hand concerning his differences with MacLean 
over the characters of two Ohio Shakers. 

Contents appeared originally in the Ohio archaeological and histori- 
cal quarterly (see no. 602). 
R no. 2410 

604 MacLean, John Patterson. 

A sketch of the life and labors of Richard McNemar / by J. P. 

MacLean. Franklin, Ohio: Printed for the author by The Franklin 

Chronicle, 1905. 

67 p.: port.; 23 cm. 

Bibliography of publications by McNemar: p. 64-67. 

R no. 2411 



About the Shakers 141 



605 MacLean, John Patterson. 

The Society of Shakers: rise, progress and extinction of the Soci- 
ety at Cleveland, Ohio / by J. P. MacLean. Columbus, Ohio: 
Press of Fred. J. Heer, 1900. 
p. [311-116: ill.; 24 cm. 
Bibliography: p. 114-116. 

"Reprinted from the April number of the Ohio Archaeological and 
Historical Quarterly, 1900" (title page). 
Copy 1 is signed by Alonzo G. Hollister. 
R no. 2412 



3^ 



606 Maitland, Edward. 

The keys of the creeds. 3d ed. London: Triibner & Co., 1876. 
\ viii, 201 p.; 19 cm. 

^ "^v Collection copy had been presented to Alonzo G. Hollister and 
contains his marginal notes. Hollister, in turn, gave the copy to 
Laura Holloway Langford, a writer and newspaperwoman. 



t^ 



607 Martin, David. 

It is Christ who dwells in me / by David Martin. 

p. 68, 70: port. 

In Life. Vol. 62, no. 11 (March 17, 1967). 

R no. 3421 



608 Mastin, Bettye Lee. 

Quick glimpses of Pleasant Hill: interesting facts; a walking tour 

with map to accompany the visitor to Shakertown. Lexington, 

Ky.: Richard S. DeCamp, 1969. 

20 p.: ill., map; 23 cm. 

Cover title. 

Illustrated by Patricia S. DeCamp. 

R no. 2439 

609 Merton, Thomas. 

The Shakers: American celibates and craftsmen who "danced" in 

the glory of God / Thomas Merton. 

p. 37-41: ill. 

In Jubilee. Vol. 11, no. 9 (January 1964). 

R no. 3449 



242 Printed Material 



610 Metzger, Stephen. 

Shaker industries / Stephen Metzger, Cynthia Elyce Rubin. [S.l.]: 
^ ?^3 Butternut Press, 1977. 
^ IX , y ft/ [36] p.: ill. (1 col.); 70 mm. 
"^ " ' "^ Illustrations are of the products of Shaker handicraft and Shaker 

medicines. 

Copy 50 of 225, in its own case. 

611 Millennial laws: section IV; the order of Christmas. [S.l.]: Faith 
and Edward Andrews, 1936. 

-^ g [3] P-; 19 cm. 
^ r>U I ^ "This excerpt is printed from 'Millennial Laws' a manuscript 

containg the 'Gospel Statutes and Ordinances' of the Shakers" 
(p. [3]). 

612 Mott, Michael. 

The seven mountains of Thomas Merton / Michael Mott. Boston: 

Houghton Mifflin Co., 1984. 

xxvi, 690 p., [16] p. of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 

Bibliography: p. [655]-674. 

Includes index. 

References to the Shakers appear on pages 343, 349, 371-372, 

401-402, and 520. 

Inscribed by the author to Faith Andrews. 

613 Nathan, George Jean. 

The theatre / by George Jean Nathan. 
U,.C-A p. 20-21, 53, 61: ill. 

hi Vanity fair: the kaleidoscopic review of modern life. Vol. 39, 
no. 5 (January 1933). 

Includes an illustration of and a caption concerning the rendition 
of a Shaker dance by the Doris Humphrey dancers. 

614 New York City. Public Library. 

List of works in the New York Public Library relating to Shakers. 
4L 7^^,' New York: The Library, 1904. 
10 p.; 26 cm. 
;.>i^ )3> ^ -*- Caption title. 



About the Shakers 143 



"Reprinted from Bulletin, November, 1904" (p. 10). 
Items listed that are checked off are in the Andrews Shaker Col- 
lection as well. 
R no. 3488 

615 New York State. Legislature. Assembly. 
An act to amend the religious corporations law in relation to 
property of extinct churches. Albany, N.Y., 1932. 

1^.^' 6 p.; 27 cm. 

Act regulates the disposition of property when a church dis- 
solves. In 1932 the Lebanon School, later the Darrow School, 
began operations on the property of the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
Shaker community. 

616 New York State. Legislature. Assembly. Select Committee on the 
Shakers. 

Report of the select committee on the subject of the Shakers. 
Albany, N.Y., 1849. 

13 p.; 25 cm. 
Caption title. 

At head of title: State of New-York, no. 198, in Assembly, 

April 2, 1849. 

M no. 423; R no. 1084 

617 New York State. Legislature. Senate. 

An act in relation to certain trusts. Albany, N.Y., 1839. 

At head of title: State of New-York, no. 35, in Senate, 
January 11, 1839. Brought in by Mr. Tallmadge. 
As a result of this act the Shakers were permitted to pass land 
ownership from one trustee to another without losing possession 
of the land. Earlier the legislature had forbidden such transfers. 

618 New York State. Legislature. Senate. 

Report of the trustees of the United Society of Shakers in the 
O- I town of New Lebanon, Columbia Co., N.Y. Albany, N.Y., 1850. 

14 p.; 25 cm. 
Caption title. 



144 Printed Material 



At head of title: State of New-York, no. 89, in Senate, Mar. 19, 

1850. 

Pages 11-14 contain a similar report from the Watervliet, N.Y., 

community. 

M no. 424; R no. 1088 

619 New York State. State Museum (Albany, N.Y.). 
Twenty-fifth report of the director of the Division of Science and 
the State Museum. Albany, N.Y.: The University of the State of 

C I New York, 1932. 

Ill p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

Published as an issue of the New York State Museum bulletin, 
no. 293 (June 1932). 

Illustrations number 2-5 are of the museum's Shaker collection. 
Pages 22-24 discuss a Shaker exhibition that was held at the 
State Museum, beginning June 17, 1930. 
Includes bibliographical references and an index. 

620 New York State. State Museum (Albany, N.Y.). 
Twenty-sixth report of the director of the Division of Science and 

. the State Museum. Albany, N.Y.: The University of the State of 

C i New York, 1933. 

57 p., 1 plate: ill.; 23 cm. 

Published as an issue of the New York State Museum bulletin, 
no. 298 (April 1933). 

Illustrations number 3, 4, and 6 are of the museum's Shaker col- 
lection. Page 19 discusses the Shaker collection. Some of the 
accessions were of Shaker material. 
Includes bibliographical references and an index. 

621 New York State. State Museum (Albany, N.Y.). 

I One hundred fourth annual report of the New York State 

^ lc\\ Museum. Albany, N.Y.: The University of the State of New 
York, 1942. 



' n ' ■"' Published as an issue of 



Published as an issue of the New York State Museum bulletin, 
no. 330 (April 1942). 



About the Shakers 145 



Illustrations number 7-10 and 18-20 are of New York's New 
Lebanon and Watervliet Shaker communities. References to the 
Shakers appear in the report of the museum's historic collection. 
The list of museum accessions includes Shaker artifacts. 
Includes bibliographical references and an index. 

622 New York State. Supreme Court. 

Edward Fowler vs. Jacob R. Hollenbeck and William H. Pillow: 
bill of exceptions. Albany, N.Y., 1848. 
,(^ ^ [8] p.; 32 cm. 

Publication concerns Pillow's accusation against the Shakers con- 
cerning what he considered to be their unlawful possession of 
his children. Robert B. Monell was the lawyer for the Shakers 
and Justus McKinstry the lawyer for Hollenbeck and Pillow. 

623 Nordhoff, Charles. 

The communistic socieHes of the United States: from personal 
visit and observation, including detailed accounts of the Econo- 
mists, Zoarites, Shakers . . . / by Charles Nordhoff. New York: 
Harper & Brothers, 1875. 
439, 7 p., 17^. of plates: ill., ports.; 24 cm. 
Shakers: p. [115]-256. 
Bibliography: p. [419J-432. 

Includes index and a list of books available from the publisher. 
R no. 2517 



>X 



624 Noyes, John Humphrey. 

History of American socialisms / by John Humphrey Noyes. 

Philadelphia, Pa.: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1870. 

vi, 678 p.; 25 cm. 
Q 2l Shakers: p. 595-613. Contents are taken from A. J. Macdonald's 

manuscript accounts of his trips to Shaker communities. 

Includes index. 

Volume was formerly owned by Sadie A. Neale, New Lebanon, 

N.Y. 

Inscribed: C. A. Lomas from G. W. Noyes. 

R no 2527 



h^ 



146 Printed Material 



625 O'Brien, Harriet Eileen. 

Lost Utopias, a brief description of three quests for happiness: 
Alcott's Fruitlands, Old Shaker House, and American Indian 
Museum, rescued from oblivion, recorded and preserved by 
Clara Endicott Sears on Prospect Hill in the old township of Har- 
vard, Massachusetts / by Harriet E. O'Brien. Boston: Perry Wal- 
ton, 1929. 
62 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 
Old Shaker House: p. 30-45. 
R no. 2533 



t^ 



626 O'Connor, Thomas. 

Benedictines in Shaker buildings. 

p. 55-65: ill. 

In The scriptorium. Vol. 14, no. 1 (December 1954). 

Concerns the South Union, Ky., community and its purchase by 

the Benedictines for use as an interracial monastery. 

Includes bibliographical references. 

R no. 3502 



627 Official program of the 250th anniversary celebration of the town 
of Enfield, Connecticut. [S.I.: s.n.], 1930. 

40 p., 4€. of plates: ill., ports.; 24 cm. 
"12 \ The Shakers are mentioned in one paragraph on page 8. A list of 

^ Shaker buildings is included on page 14 under "Some of 

Enfield's old houses." 

Celebration took place from June 26 to 28, 1930. 

R no. 2092 

628 Old Shakertown. [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1935]. 
[12] p.: ill.; 16 cm. 

^ ^ .^c Pamphlet concerns the Pleasant Hill, Ky., community and its 
'-' conversion into the Pennebaker School. 



C^ 



629 Opdahl, Viola Woodruff, ed. 

William Pillow: his life among the Shakers / Viola Woodruff 
Opdahl, ed. 
p. [23]-27: ill. 



About the Shakers 147 



In The Yorker. Vol. 15, no. 2 (November-December 1956). 
Edited version of Pillow's diary. 
R no. 3505a 

630 Ott, John Harlow. 
Hancock Shaker village: a guidebook and history / by John Har- 
low Ott. Pittsfield, Mass.: Shaker Community, Inc., 1976. 
143 p.: ill.; 21 cm. 
Bibliography: p. 131-140. 

631 Patterson, Daniel W. 

Inspiration and authority in the development of the Shaker spir- 
itual / by Daniel W. Patterson, 
p. [111]-120: ill. 

In North Carolina folklore. Vol. 13, nos. 1-2 (1965). 
Includes bibliographical notes. 
R no. 3515 

632 Patterson, Daniel W. 
Nine Shaker spirituals: with a brief account of early Shaker song 
/ by Daniel W. Patterson. Old Chatham, N.Y.: The Shaker 
Museum Foundation, 1964. 
34 p.: ill., port.; 23 cm. 
R no. 2559 



A5 



k 



633 Pearson, Elmer Ray. 

The Shakers: religion and funiture / Elmer R. Pearson. Oslo, 
Norway: Kunstindustrimuseet I Oslo, 1966. 
p. 101-122: ill.; 25 cm. 
Offprint from the 1966 yearbook of Norway's Kunstindustri- 
museet. 

Includes bibliographical notes. 
R no. 3520 

634 Peebles, James Martin. 

Buddhism and Christianity face to face: or an oral discussion 
5 between the Rev. Migettu watte, a Buddhist priest, and 

Rev. D. Silva, a Wesleyan clergyman, held at Pantura, Ceylon / 



148 Printed Material 



with an introduction and annotations by J. M. Peebles. London: 
Printed by the National Press Agency, 1878. 
99, [2] p.; 22 cm. 

Includes a short discussion of the relationship between Buddhist 
and Shaker thought: "That religious body known in America as 
Shakers, and who in doctrines and practices more nearly resem- 
ble the Buddhists than any other class of religionists, denomi- 
nate this Nirvana-life, the resurrection-life" (p. 10). 
Unnumbered pages contain advertisements for Eno's Fruit Salt, a 
cure-all. 

635 Pepis, Betty. 

Shaker reproductions / by Betty Pepis. 
0^}c,^ p. 38-39:111. 

In New York times magazine (June 26, 1955). 

Includes pictures of six furniture reproductions and three rooms 

at the Shaker Museum, Old Chatham, N.Y. 

636 Phillippi, Joseph Martin. 

Shakerism: or, the romance of a religion / by J. M. Phillippi. 
T? --^ Dayton, Ohio: The Otterbein Press, 1912. 

^ 133 p., [8] p. of plates: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 

R no. 2568 

637 Piercy, Harry D. 

Caroline Behlen Piercy, December 31, 1886-April 2, 1955 / by 
^ t{. \ Harry D. Piercy. [S.I.: s.n.], 1964. 

t'^^' 1 p.€., 5€.: port.;28cm. 

Caroline B. Piercy made Shaker dolls, compiled Shaker recipes, 

and wrote about the Shaker way of life. 

638 Piercy, Harry D. 

Shaker medicines / by Harry D. Piercy. [Columbus, Ohio: Ohio 
^ State Archaeological and Historical Society], 1954. 
V (\s}' ^^ p. 336-348; 23 cm. 

Offprint of an article that appeared in the Ohio state archaeological 
and historical quarterly, vol. 63, no. 4 (October 1954). 



About the Shakers 149 



Article was originally given as a paper at the seventeenth annual 
meeting of the Ohio Academy of Medical History, May 1, 1954, 
at the Ohio State Museum, Columbus, Ohio. 
Includes bibliographical references. 
R no. 2580 

639 Pioneer functionalists, 
p. 84-[86]: ill. 

In Time: the weekly newsmagazine. Vol. 54, no. 16 (October 19, 
1959). 

Column and illustrations concerning Shaker design. 
R no. 3539 

640 Pomeroy, Marcus Mills. 

Yea and nay: "blessed are the peace makers"; visit to the Shak- 
^\JS-z. ers at Mount Lebanon, New York, 
p. 1-6, 12: ill., ports. 

In Pomeroy's advance thought. Vol. 6, no. 8 (March 1893). 
R no. 3546 

641 Poole, Hester M. 

Shakers and Shakerism / by Hester M. Poole. Chicago, 1887. 
BrsJ^l\ 8 p.; 18 cm. 
Caption title. 
M no. 415; R no. 2594 

642 Pratt, Richard. 

Shaker house / by Richard Pratt. 

p. [68-69]: col. ill. 

In Ladies' home journal. Vol. 67, no. 3 (March 1950). 

Photographs are of Dr. and Mrs. Andrews's house in Richmond, 

Mass., decorated in the Shaker style. 

R no. 3551 



vD X 



643 Prefer, Carl Julius. 

Eine kurze Beschreibung des Glaubens and praktischen Lebens 
'' . ' -^ der Verein. Gesellschaft Glaubiger in Christi zweiter Erscheinung 

gewohnlich genannt "Shakers." Das Leben Christi ist die einzige 



6 \ 



150 Printed Material 



wahre christliche Religion / Carl Julius Preter, Versaffer. Union 

Village, Ohio, 1888. 

32 p.; 22 cm. 

Brief exposition of Shaker doctrine. 

644 Prince, Walter F. 
The Shakers and psychical research: a notable example of coop- 
eration / by Walter F. Prince, 
p. 61-69 
In Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. 

Vol. 12, no. 1 (January 1918). 

Includes bibliographical references. 

Materials presented to the American Society for Psychical 

Research by the Shakers, through Eldress M. Catherine Allen, of 

Mount Lebanon, N.Y. 

R no. 3554 

645 The prodigal's return: as described in Luke XV. London; Dublin: 
Dublin Tract Repository, [ca. 1890]. 

Fai; 5 31' [1] P' 11 cm. 

"" Moral precepts affecting Shaker thought. 

Unnumbered page at rear contains a list of books available from 

the Tract Repository. 



C 






C> 



646 Reader's glossary: a concise compendium of characteristic 
Shakerisms. 

p. 46-47: ill. 

In House and garden. Vol. 87, no. 3 (March 1945). 

R no. 3565 

647 Reichard, Gladys A. 
Craftsmanship and folklore, 
p. 195-196 

In The journal of American folklore. Vol. 53, nos. 208-209 
(April-September 1940). 

While offered to readers as an article, these two pages are 
actually a highly favorable reviev^ of Shaker furniture: the crafts- 
manship of an American communal sect by Dr. and Mrs. Andrev^^s 
(see no. 496). 



About the Shakers 151 



648 Reist, Henry G. 

Products of Shaker industry. [Cooperstown, N.Y.]: New York 
State Historical Association, 1932. 
p. 264-270; 23 cm. 
/. o' Offprint of an article that appeared in New York history, vol. 13, 
no. 3 Guly 1932). 

Article originally given as a paper on September 23, 1931, at a 
meeting of the New York State Historical Association, Schenec- 
tady, N.Y. 
R no. 3571 

649 Renwick Gallery (Washington, D.C.). 

Shaker furniture and objects from the Faith and Edward Deming 
Andrews collections: commemorating the bicentenary of the 
-^ American Shakers. Washington, D.C.: Published for the Renwick 

Gallery of the National Collection of Fine Arts by the Smithson- 
ian Institution Press, 1973. 
88 p.: ill. (1 col.); 30 cm. 

Compiled by A. D. Emerich for an exhibition at the Renwick 
Gallery, November 2, 1973-April 7, 1974. 
Includes bibliography of publications by Dr. and Mrs. Andrews. 

650 A return of departed spirits of the highest characters of distinc- 
tion: as well as the indiscriminate of all nations, into the bodies 

P- of the "Shakers," or "United Society of Believers in the second 

advent of the Messiah" / by an associate of said Society. Phila- 
delphia: J. R. Colon, 1843. 
52 p.; 15 cm. 
M no. 85; R no. 2618 

651 Richmond, Mary L. 
Shaker literature: a bibliography / compiled & annotated by 
Mary L. Richmond. Hancock, Mass.: Shaker Community, 1977. 
2 vols.: map; 26 cm. 
Includes index. 
Contents: Vol. 1. By the Shakers. Vol. 2. About the Shakers. 



152 Printed Material 



652 Robinson, Grace Chess. 
"We live in a Shaker village." 
p. 82-83, 91: ill. 

^ 7n Vogue (October 1, 1942). 

Description of life in a house used by the Second family of New 
Lebanon, N.Y. 

653 Roche, Mary. 

Object lesson in the integrity of design / by Mary Roche. 
, . ^ p. 44-45: ill. 

In New York Times magazine (October 23, 1949). 
Concerns the design of Shaker furniture and the Shaker Village 
Work Camp at New Lebanon, N.Y., an educational camp for 
teenagers established in 1946. 

654 The romantic decades. 

p. 98-114: ill. (chiefly col.) 
In Life. Vol. 39, no. 16 (October 17, 1955). 
X) 3- On page 103 is a picture of a Shaker gathering room. 

Published as part 5 of a series called "America's arts and skills." 
R no. 3586 

655 Roueche, Berton. 

A small family of seven, 
p. 46-57 
^ "^^^ In The New Yorker. Vol. 23, no. 27 (August 23, 1947). 

Article about the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. It was writ- 
ten as part of the "Reporter at large" department of the 
magazine. 
R no. 3587 

656 Sayville, N.Y., Methodist Episcopal Church. Helping Hand 
Society. 

^ Li^'2 A fair and festival. Sayville: Patchoque Advance Print, [ca. 1895]. 

1 broadside; 27 cm. 
C t\ \^^^ .'J "An attractive feature of the fair will be the presence of two 

ladies from the Lebanon Shakers! at Pittsfield, Mass. They will 
wear the Shaker costume and have on sale many articles of their 
own make." 



About the Shakers 153 



657 Schrader, Arthur F. 

Arcade revisited: some additional notes for a pioneer songster / 
„ ^ (-• ^ Arthur F. Schrader. 

p. [15]-26: music; 22 cm. 
h /S'^S Reprinted from the Nezv York folklore quarterly, vol. 24, no. 1 

(March 1968). 

Concerns folksongs in eastern New York and western 

Massachusetts. 

658 Scott, John A. 

Tyringham: old and new / by John A. Scott. Pittsfield, Mass.: 
Sun Printing Co., 1905. 
?i^\/. H 43 p.: ill.; 15 cm. 

Old home week souvenir, August 7-13, 1905. 
Tyringham Shakers: p. 20-25. 
R no. 2871 

659 Serene twilight of a once-sturdy sect: the Shakers, 
p. 58-67: ill., ports. 

In Life. Vol. 62, no. 11 (March 17, 1967). 
C- '2— Photographs by John Loengard. 
R no. 3600 

660 Shaker: pattern of practical beauty — modern then and now. 
p. 36-37, 133-134: ill. 

In House and garden. Vol. 87, no. 3 (March 1945). 
R no. 3646 



^5^ 



661 Shaker Community, Inc. (Hancock, Mass.). 

Isaac N. Youngs: on entering the dairy and observing the mak- 
^ ing of cheese now on the racks. [Pittsfield, Mass.: The Commu- 

t AC/. V^ nity, 1961]. 

2€.; 21 cm. (Hancock Village keepsake, no. 2) 

Caption title. 

Contains a poem written by Youngs and a biographical sketch of 

him. 

R no. 2697 



154 Printed Material 



662 Shaker Community, Inc. (Hancock, Mass.). 

A proposal to save the Shaker community at Hancock, Massa- 
B^r\i^ ' ^ ' chusetts: its importance as part of the American heritage. [New 
Haven, Conn.]: Connecticut Printers, 1960. 
[7] p.; 21 cm. 
R no. 2706 

663 Shaker crafts revived. 
^^^i^^i ^-- p. 137-139: ill. 

r> ^"X^ ^" Interior design. Vol. 38 (January 1967). 

y^\^cx Article on a Spring Lake, Mich., firm, the Guild of Shaker 
J ,v:A. f^i ■ Crafts, and its reproductions. 

664 Shaker furniture: a book by Edward Deming Andrews and Faith 
Andrews on the development of an early American craft. 

F^^O.HX p. 24-25: ill. 

In Fashion digest. Vol. 9, no. 4 (Fall and Winter 1950). 

665 Shaker influence. 

p. 76-78: ill. (1 col.) 

In Look. Vol. 18, no. 6 (March 23, 1954). 
d-> i- "Traditionalists and moderns discover virtues of Shaker furni- 

ture — honesty, strength, usefulness and the 'gift to be simple' " 
(p. 76). 
R no. 3637 

666 Shaker inspirational drawings, 
p. 33, 56-57: ill. 

Ui\<^'^iA In Art news. Vol. 60, no. 9 (January 1962). 

Article concerning an exhibition at the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller 
Folk Art Museum, Williamsburg, Va., January 21-March 4, 1962. 
R no. 3638 

667 The Shaker look: authentic furniture and design give a small 
house forthrightness. 

p. [38]-41: ill. 
(^ >- In House and garden. Vol. 87, no. 3 (March 1945). 

R no. 3639 



About the Shakers 155 



668 Shaker made: worthy tradition of fine craftsmanship, 
p. 42-45: col. ill. 

C -^ In House and garden. Vol. 87, no. 3 (March 1945). 
R no. 3640 

669 Shaker Museum Foundation (Old Chatham, N.Y.). 
Catalogue of the Emma B. King Library of the Shaker Museum / 
compiled under the direction of Robert F. W. Meader. Old 

[)3 Chatham: The Foundation, 1970. 

62 p.: ill.; 25 cm. 

Catalogue prepared by Mrs. Deborah Goodman de Gil. 
R no. 2719 

670 Shaker portfolio: Shaker drawings and furniture from the collec- 
tion of Dr. and Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews. 

p. 64-[75]: ill., ports. 
\<^<c\ . In Junior bazaar. Vol. 2, no. 3 (January 1946). 

Title is not at the head of the article; it was supplied by the edi- 
tor on the contents page. 
Article shows Shaker-inspired clothing for women. 

671 Shaker revival. 

p. 56-[63]: col. ill. 

v^*~i ^" ^°°^- ^°'- ^^' ^^- ^^ (December 1, 1964). 
Concerns Pleasant Hill, Ky., community. 
Photographs by Gene Laurents. 
R no. 3653 

672 Shaker Savings Association (Cleveland, Ohio). 

The Shakers. Cleveland: The Association, [ca. I960]. 
[20] p.: ill.; 31 cm. 
(S ^ Includes reprints of twelve advertisements from the bank that 
originally appeared in the Cleveland Plain Dealer. 
R no. 2727 

673 Shaker storage, 
p. 116, 118: ill. 

In House and garden. Vol. 87, no. 3 (March 1945). 
d -^ R no. 3660 



f 



156 Printed Material 



674 Shaker Village work camp: co-educational Berkshire camp for 
teen-agers. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y.: The Camp, [ca. 1947]. 
^sj.^^ [8] p.: ill.; 19 cm. 

Cover title. 

Publication on the adaptive re-use of the South family buildings 
at New Lebanon, N.Y. 



675 The Shaker washing machine, 
p. 161: ill. 
(;^^~^ \ In Scientific American: a journal of practical information in art, 
\,CA^°y science, mechanics, agriculture, chemistry, and manufactures. 
^ P^' Vol. 2, no. 11 (March 10, 1860). 

Also includes a recipe for Shaker soap, page 163. 
R no. 3668b 



g,o.S4 



676 Shakerism. 
p. 219-221 

In The Boston news-letter and city record. Vol. 1, no. 19 
(April 29, 1826). 

Article of about two and one-half columns concerning Mary 
Marshall Dyer's criticisms of the Shakers. 

Includes a letter written by William Lee on the conduct of Ann 
Lee in the presence of some local inhabitants. 

677 The Shakers. 

.* p. [1-16]: ill. (chiefly col.) 

\L\\^^^ ' In Art and man. Vol. 2, no. 5 (February 1972). 

Entire issue of this student magazine, published by Scholastic 
Magazines under the direction of the National Gallery of Art, is 
devoted to the Shakers. 



678 The Shakers: a strict and Utopian way of life has almost 
vanished. 



^^^"^ p. 142-148: ill., ports. 



In Life. Vol. 26 (March 21, 1949). 

Article deals with the Canterbury, N.H., community. 

R no. 3694 



About the Shakers 157 



679 The Shakers in Niskayuna. 
p. 663-670: ill. 

In Frank Leslie's popular monthly. Vol. 20, no. 6 (December 
1885). 

Concerns life at the Watervliet, N.Y., community. 
R no. 3701 



S>^ 



680 Shanor, Richard. 
, /.j Shaker country / Richard Shanor. 
p. 50-52: ill. 

In Travel. Vol. 118, no. 1 (July 1962). 

Concerns visiting the Hancock, Mass., and Nev^^ Lebanon, N.Y., 
Shaker communities. 

Shaw, Alex L. (New York, N.Y.). 

[Catalogue]. New York: E. Jones & Co., 1860. 

24 p.; 12 cm. 

Shaw, located at 183 Washington Street, sold Shaker brooms and 

brushes. He describes himself as a "dealer in wood, willow and 

cedar ware, brooms, painted pails and tubs, cordage, coil rope, 

mats, brushes, matches, twine, &c." (p. 1). 

682 Shaw Stocking Co. (Lowell, Mass.). 

Evolution of Shawknit, the fittest stockings: with cuts showing 

how the Shawknit heel differs from the seamless. Lowell, Mass.: 

The Company, [ca. 1890]. 

14 p.: ill.; 70 mm. 

Cover title. 

"For sale by Benjamin Gates, Mt. Lebanon, Columbia, Co., New 

York" (back cover). 

R no. 345a 

683 Skinner, Charles Montgomery. 
Among the Shakers: successful communism at Mount Lebanon — 
interview with Elder Evans — a lunch — principles of faith and 
practice — spiritual guidance — modes of life — practical religion. 
[S.I.: s.n., ca. 1886]. 
1 broadside; 40 cm. 



158 Printed Material 



Includes accounts of visits to the Shaker communities at Han- 
cock, Mass., and New Lebanon, N.Y. 
M no. 431; R no. 1313 

684 [Smith, Joseph Edward Adams]. 

Taghconic: or, letters and legends about our summer home / by 
h -2 Godfrey Greylock [pseud.]. Boston: Redding and Co., 1852. 

^ 228 p.; 20 cm. 

Chapters 13 and 14 concern the Shakers. 

R no. 2778 

685 Smith College Museum of Art (Northampton, Mass.). 
Shaker inspirational drawings: the collection of Dr. and 

Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews, with an essay by Dr. Andrews. 
^O Northampton, Mass.: The Museum, 1960. 

[8] p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

Essay entitled "Art of the Shaker folk." 

Published in conjunction with an exhibition held at the Smith 
College Museum of Art, January 4-25, 1961. The exhibit traveled 
to eight museums including Smith's between September 23, 
1960, and May 24, 1961. 
R no. 2781 



\X,ist(i^^ 



686 Smith College Museum of Art (Northampton, Mass.). 
The work of Shaker hands: from the collection of Dr. and 
Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews and the Index of American 
Design, the National Gallery of Art; January 4-25, 1961 / an exhi- 
bition organized by the Smith College Museum of Art. Nor- 
thampton, Mass.: The Museum, 1961. 

[12] p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

Includes bibliographical references. 

R no. 2784 

687 Smucker, Samuel M., ed. 

A history of all religions: containing a statement of the origin, 
Vv ? development, doctrines, and government of the religious 

denominations in the United States and Europe, with biographi- 
cal notices of eminent divines / edited and completed by 



About the Shakers 159 



Samuel M. Smucker. Philadelphia: Duane Rulison, Quaker City 
Pub. House, 1859. 
336 p.; 20 cm. 
Shakers: p. 216-230. 



688 Sotheby Parke Bernet. PB84. (New York, N.Y.). 

Shaker furniture and other Americana: the property of a Con- 
necticut collector recently removed from the South and West 
•ly Z> family settlements. New Lebanon, New York, including property 

from other private sources. New York: PB84, 1973. 
[48] p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

Sale no. 298 held on October 17, 1973. 

Includes price estimates laid in and bibliographical references. 
R no. 3871 



689 Souvenir of Enfield, New Hampshire. Enfield, N.H.: W. A. 

Abbott, [ca. 1905]. 
^^ 'I [28] p.: ill.; 15 x 21 cm. 

Contains forty illustrations, including seventeen of the Shaker 

community. 

Cover title. 

R no. 2793 



690 State Street Bank (Boston, Mass.). 

Shaker architecture in Harvard. Boston: The Bank, [ca. I960]. 
■^5 [2] p.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Announcement of an exhibition at the State Street Bank's Con- 
B7;J course Gallery, January 22-February 28, 1960. 

691 [Stone, Horatio]. 

Lo here and lo there!: or, the grave of the heart. New York: 
Printed for the author [by Burgess, Stringer & Co.], 1846. 
^V .' 92 p.; 22 cm. 

Author was the brother of Henry M. and Julia A. Stone of the 
New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 



Ds- 



160 Printed Material 



Includes a review from the Knickerbocker, vol. 28 

(November 1846), on the back cover. 

M no. 383 (attributes this work to Dan Mendon); R no. 2815 

692 Trace, Timothy. 

Catalogue 46: Shaker literature, books & pamphlets. Peekskill, 

N.Y.: T. Trace, [1968]. 

[12] p.; 21 cm. 

Cover title. 

"The present interest in Shaker literature owes much to the 

pioneer work and assiduous scholarship of the late Edward 

Deming Andrews. We proudly offer for sale duplicates from his 

great collection of books and pamphlets" (verso cover). 

R no. 2854 



693 Vanstory, Burnette. 

Shakerism and the Shakers in Georgia / by Burnette Vanstory. 
p. [353]-364 
C \ In The Georgia historical quarterly. Vol. 43, no. 4 (December 

1959). 

Article on the White Oak, Ga., community. 
Includes bibliographical references. 
R no. 3776 



694 Vaughan, Malcolm. 

The Connoisseur in America / Malcolm Vaughan. 
^ p. 68-72: ill.; 31 cm. 
^^'^'^ ' In The connoisseur. Vol. 147, no. 591 (March 1961). 

Within this article is a three-paragraph announcement of the res- 
toration of the Hancock, Mass., community. 



695 Volk, A. 

Volk's "fruit canner." Pittsfield, Mass.: A. Volk, [ca. 1875]. 
v 4-(/ -" I broadside; 14 cm. 
C k hA^\ Canner was used to prepare fruit for long-term storage in jars. 
<-^n "Every housekeeper wants it." 



About the Shakers 161 



696 Warder, William S. 

A brief sketch of the religious society of people called Shakers / 
communicated to Mr. Owen by Mr. W. S. Warder of Philadel- 
phia, one of the Society of Friends. London: R. & A. Taylor, 
tA^' ' [ca. 1817]. 

16 p.; 25 cm. 
Cover title. 

Mr. Owen is Robert Owen, who established a Utopian commu- 
nity at New Harmony, Ind. 
M no. 519, 520; R no. 2893 

697 Wellman, Rita. 
American design. 

p. 15-43: ill. (some col.) 
^ In House and garden. Vol. 74, no. 1 (July 1938). 

Introduction, coauthored by Holger Cahill, summarizes the 
interests of the Index of American Design, a Works Progress 
Administration Federal Art Project. On the pages that follow are 
illustrations of the designs recorded by the Index of American 
Design and explanatory notes. 

The Shaker movement is mentioned on page 17 in three short 
paragraphs. Shaker furniture is illustrated on pages 18-20 and 
33; Shaker textiles on pages 26 and 36; and Shaker woodwork on 
page 43. 
R no. 3797a 

698 Wertkin, Gerard C. 

Zion on Clapboard Hill: the New Canaan Shakers, 1810-1812 / 

Gerard C. Wertkin. 

p. 7-18: ill. 

In New Canaan Historical Society annual. Vol. 8, no. 4 (1979- 

1980). 

Includes bibliographical notes. 

699 Western Reserve Historical Society (Cleveland, Ohio). 
Shaker bicentennial auction. Cleveland: The Society, 1974. 
[16] p.: ill.; 21 cm. 



a)'2> 



162 Printed Material 



"The Shaker items being offered in this sale have been acquired 
from various sources, and are not from the collection of the 
Western Reserve Historical Society. Proceeds from this auction 
will support the Shaker Bicentennial Convention" (p. [1]). 
Items have been priced by hand. 
R no. 3885 

700 Wetherbee, Martha. 

Martha Wetherbee's handbook of new Shaker baskets. Sanborn- 

ton, N.H.: M. Wetherbee, 1981. 

48 p.: ill.; 14 cm. 

Cover title. 

Includes bibliographical notes. 

701 Wheeler, Monroe. 

America's best dressed books / Monroe Wheeler. 
. p. [736]-757: ill. 
go^ ' In Publisher's weekly. No. 133 (February 5, 1938). 

Page 757 contains an entry for Shaker furniture: the craftsmanship of 
an American communal sect by Edward Deming and Faith 
Andrews (see no. 496). 
R no. 3797b 

702 Whitaker, Thomas. 

Theology of Elder Eads, bishop of South Union / Thomas 
4i '^/CH Whitaker. 

.a4S tl]p-:ill- 

C^|\ \^ ^-^ In The Logan leader. (February 16, 1970). 

703 Whitney Museum of American Art (New York, N.Y.). 
Shaker handicrafts: November 12 to December 12, 1935. New 
York: The Museum, 1935. 

15 p.; 21 cm. 

"The Whitney Museum of American Art wishes to make grateful 

acknowledgement to Mr. and Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews, to 

whom it is indebted for the selection and arrangement of this 

exhibition" (p. [4]). 

R no. 2915 



About the Shakers 163 



704 Whitson, Robley Edward. 

The why behind the what / by Robley Edward Whitson. 
-p ^ p. 115-128: ill. 

In Good work. Vol. 28, no. 4 (Autumn 1965). 
R no. 3801 

705 Wiggin, Kate Douglas. 

Susanna and Sue / by Kate Douglas Wiggin; with illustraHons by 
Alice Barber Stephens and N. C. Wyeth. Boston; New York: 
Houghton Mifflin Co., 1909. (Cambridge, Mass.: Riverside 
O Press.) 

225 p., 4€. of plates: ill. (some col.); 23 cm. 
Fiction about the Shakers. 
R no. 2922 

706 William Hayes Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, Mass.). 
Index of American Design exhibition: January 27-February 10, 
1937. Cambridge, Mass.: The Museum, 1937. 

28 p.; 23 cm. 

Cover title. 

Exhibition held as part of the Works Progress Administration 

Federal Art Project. 

Shaker material: p. 5-11. 

707 Williams, Emily. 

Spirituality as expressed in song: communism and its renuncia- 
aVv 3^ ^^^^ ^^ ^'^ ^^^^ ^^ worldly including the universal system of musi- 
cal notation — weird hymns and dances in use in the old Shaker 
village in Connecticut / described by Emily Williams, 
p. [745]-751: ill. 

In The Connecticut magazine. Vol. 9, no. 4 (October-December 
1905). 
R no. 3806 

708 Williams, John S. 

Consecrated ingenuity: the Shakers and their inventions / 
John S. Williams. Old Chatham, N.Y.: Shaker Museum Founda- 
6 > tion, 1957. 



Ss 



164 Printed Material 



[24] p.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Cover title. 
R no. 2927 

709 Williams, John S. 

The Shakers: a brief summary / John S. Williams. Old Chatham, 
N.Y.: The Shaker Museum Foundation, 1956. 
[10] p.; 22 cm. 
R no. 2929 



710 Williams, Richard L. 

The Shakers, now only 12, observe their 200th year / by 
Richard L. Williams; photographs by Alfred Eisenstaedt. 
UvA<^' * P- 40-[49]: ill., ports. 

In Smithsonian. Vol. 5, no. 6 (September 1974). 
R no. 3983 



J^^ 



711 Winter, Esther C. 

Shaker literature in the rare book room of the Buffalo and Erie 
County Public Library: a bibliography / compiled by Esther C. 
11 1^ n Winter and revised by Joanna S. Ellett. Buffalo, N.Y.: The 

Library, 1967. 



"2^ 



<:ti II '^^ 43 p.; 23 cm. 

^^ R no. 2947 

712 Winter, William F. 

Shaker portfolio: a picture record of an American community / 
^ by William F. Winter. 

Ui^^'^ ■ p. 22-25, 73: ill., ports. 

In U.S. camera magazine. Vol. 1, no. 3 (March-April 1939). 
R no. 3817 

713 Winter, William F. 

Shaker simplicity: a photographic study / by W. F. Winter; from 
. the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews. 

tU\CM: , p. [208]: ill. 

In Antiques. Vol. 26, no. 6 (December 1934). 

Title is the caption for a picture of Shaker furniture. 



About the Shakers 165 



714 Worcester Art Museum (Worcester, Mass.). 

Exhibition of Shaker arts and crafts: assembled and arranged by 
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews. Worcester, Mass.: The 
Museum, 1938. 
[8] p.; 22 cm. 

Includes an essay by E. D. Andrews entitled "Shaker craftsman- 
ship and art." 

Exhibition dates: December 7, 1938-January 8, 1939. 
R no. 2958 




Faith Andrews, ca. 1930s. 



JUVENILE MONITOR: 



CO>TTAI"NIK« INSTRtTCTIOKS FOR YOUTH AND 

CHILDREN ; POINTING OUT ILL MANNFRS, 

AND SHOWING THEM HOW TOBF. HAVit 

IN THK VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF 

CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH. 




Train tip & child in the way he should (ro ; ^r>d when 
h€ is old he wiii not depart from it. Solomon. 



Printed at New-Lebanon. 
February, 1823, 



A Juvenile Monitor was written by some teachers at New Lebanon, N.Y. 
to instruct their students on proper Shaker behavior (see no. 296). 




Anna White (1831-1910), New Lebanon, N.Y. 




Entrance doors of the New Lebanon, N.Y., meetinghouse. 




Emma Neale (1857-1943) (seated) and Sadie Neale (1849-1948), New Leba- 
non, N.Y. 







^IUV^7A) hoUv^^t 



942 Chapel Street, 
New Haven, Ct» . 



Alonzo G. Hollister (1830-1911), New Lebanon, N.Y. 



AN 

ACCOUNT OF THE PEOPLE 

CALLED 

SHAKERS: 

THEIR 

k FAITH, DOCTRINES, AND PRACTICE, 

EXEMPLIFIED IN THE 

/ 

l.!EE, CONVERSATIONS, AND EXPERIENCE OF THE ADTHOR 
DURING THE TIME HE BELONGED TO THE SOCIETY. 

TO WHICH IS AFFIXED A 

HISTORY OF THEIR RISE AND PROGRESS 

TO THE PRESENT DAY. 

BY THOMAS BROWN, - 

Of Cornwall, Orange County, State of New-York, 

'Prove all things, hold faft to that which is good. Apojile Paul, 

An hiftorian fliould not dare to tell a falfchood, or leave a 
truth untold. Cicero. 



TROY: 
PRINrED BT PARKER AND BLISS. 

?0I0 AT THE TROY BOOKSTORt; BY WEBSTERS AND SKINNKKS, 
ALBANY; AND BY S. WOOD, NEW-YORK. 



1812. 



Considered to be a moderately critical history of the Shakers, the impact 
of Brown's Account was felt as late as a century later when Alonzo G. 
Hollister remarked that it was "garbage" (see no. 78). 




Sarah Collins (185S-1947), New Lebanon, N.Y. 



The Shakers' Slat Back Chairs, with Anns and Eockers. 



WilHSTKI) I,A(K SKATS. 
StiDWiiig a Cmniiiirisim of Size 




No. N'». 1 No- -^ 

e.").50 81.00 ?o.00 



The Shakers' Slat Back Chairs, with Rockers. 



WollSTEI) LAlK SEATS. 
Showing a Coiiiparison of Size? 




No. No. 1 

$3.25 $:i.50 



No. 7 
$8.00 



Spread from a Shaker chair trade catalogue, ca. 1880. 







The North family buildings and garden. New Lebanon, N.Y. 




^'^^^^AjLii<tJ? ^U^ Otx^pi4 



Frederick W. Evans (1808-93), New Lebanon, N.Y. 




Staircase in the New Lebanon, N.Y., meetinghouse. 




The New Lebanon, N.Y., meetinghouse. 




Rosetta Stephens (1860-1948), New Lebanon, N.Y. 



MANIFESTO, 



OR A 



JJKCLARATIOjY of the DOCTRI.YES AJ\rD PRACTICM 



OF the; 



CHURCH OF CHRIST. 



IJY JOHN DUNLAVY. 



TLcu shall ye vc.tuin, and discern between llie righteous ar,d ihc 
wicked ; between him that servcth God and him tiiat serveth him not. 

■\Vc are made as the filth of the world — the off-scouring of all things 
unto this day. 

;*m njm a':'p n^4.^ ^h-oi -^nNi o"j3 n^in^ n^m Ezek. 2. 10. 



PLEASANT HILL, Ky. 

p. BEUTRANDj PIIINTEU. 



1.-5 18. 



The Manifesto is considered to be the definitive treatise on Shaker beliefs. 
Printed by the Shakers on Shaker-made paper, it was also bound by them 
(see no. 116). 



COLLECTION 



MILLENNIAL HYMNS, 




ADAPTED 



TO THE PRESENT ORDER 



OF THE 



CHURCH. 



And the ransomed of the Lord shall return, and come to 
Zion with songs and everlasting joy. Isa. xxxv, 10, 



FEINTED IN THE UNITED SOCXETV, 

CANTERBURY, N. H. 




/847^ 



Assembled by Henry C. BHnn, this 200-page volume records in print many 
of the hymns in the collection's manuscript holdings (see no. 100). 




Henry C. Blinn (1824-1905), Canterbury, N.H. 




^_-^- 


iai 




\ m 


iL . 


±-^ 



The Shaker community at Enfield, Conn. 



A 

CONCISE STATEMENT 

O F T H E 

PRINCIPLES 

OF THE 

O N L r TRUE CHURCH, 

A C C O R D I K G TO 

THE GOSPEL 

OF THE 

PRESENT APPEARANCE 

o p 

CHRIST. 

As held to and pralfifed'iipcTi hy the true 

folir^jjers of the living sav.jour, 

at Nev/leban-o>j, ^c\ 

TOGETHER. WITH A LETTER FROM 

JAMES W H I T T A K E R, 

Minijier cj the Go/pel in this day of Gk-ri-st'^ 
fccond appearing^ — to his natural relations in 
England. Dated O^ober c)thy 178^5. ' 



PnKted at BenHingJon^yermont^ 
F'y HAr,v£M. ^^ Rvsseil — 1790, 



Joseph Meacham's book is considered to be the first printed publication 
of the Shakers and the first printed summary of their theology (see no. 333). 




Interior view taken by William F. Winter to illustrate Shaker Fimiiture: The 
Craftsmanship of an American Communal Sect (see no. 496). 




Interior view taken by William F. Winter to illustrate Shaker Furniture: The 
Craftsmanship of an American Communal Sect (see no. 496). 




The round barn at the Hancock, Mass., Shaker community. 



II. Manuscript Material 
Organizational Structure and Doctrine 



715 Considerations illustrating the necessity of some revisions in the 
direction and management of temporal concerns among Believ- 
ers and in our covenant. [Ca. I860]. 
35, [1] p., bound; 21 cm. 

After existing for nearly a century the Shaker order had become 
complex. There had been financial losses, and the Shakers were 
having to address social questions that had not been issues 
when the movement was in its youth. The Shakers' covenant 
had not been revised for more than forty-two years. Much of 
this manuscript deals with suggestions for greater monetary 
accountability and for changes in social relationships. Since 
many Shaker leaders resided in New Lebanon, N.Y., it is not 
unreasonable to conclude that this document emanated from 
that community. 

716 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

The covenant or constitution of the church at. . . . [Ca. 1850]. 
<-- 55 p., bound; 22 cm. 

jLJ'~i Copy of the covenant written in 1830 at New Lebanon, N.Y. (see 

no. 723). No names are affixed to the document; no place 

appears in the title. 

Hancock, Mass., Community. 

A record of appointments and changes in the ministry at Han- 
cock. [Ca. 1851]. 



167 



168 Manuscript Material 



[3] p.; 25 cm. 

The comings and goings of Shaker leaders. Collection includes 

another copy in a different hand. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

718 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Arrangements relative to an extension of the privileges and 
4 i§^ duties of managers of the farms of the church at Mount Leba- 

non. 187L 
3 p.; 27 cm. 

Manuscript gives "farmer deacons" greater control in day-to-day 
farming operations and requires that periodic financial reports be 
made to the trustees. "This arrangement is an experiment, to be 
rearranged, if found necessary, or abolished entirely as may be 
most conducive to the welfare of Society, thro the same authori- 
ties by whom it is instituted" (p. 3). 



:/\0.<i' 



U /c'f 



^ 



719 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[A concise statement of the faith and principles upon which the 
joint union & covenant relation of Believers are formed: and the 

f\ 7(5 covenant of the Second family of the Society of Believers at New 

Lebanon]. 1815. 
27 p., bound; 20 cm. 

Supplied title is a combination of the headings of the two sec- 
tions of this manuscript. 
Cover title: Coppy of the covenant. 

Contains a statement of basic Shaker beliefs, a short historical 
narrative, a list of "spiritual parents," and a definition of the 
rights and responsibilities of members of the Second family of 
New Lebanon, N.Y., and Hancock, Mass. 

720 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

■S ] 0'^ i [^ concise statement of the faith and principles upon which the 

joint union and covenant relation of Believers are formed, the 
SiA ^7 ^^ nature of that relation, and the order & manner of attaining and 



Structure and Doctrine 169 



entering into it: and the covenant of the Second family of the 
New Lebanon United Society]. 1827. 
16 p., bound; 26 cm. 

Supplied title is a combination of the headings of the two sec- 
tions of this manuscript. 
"A true copy." 

Contains the names of about one hundred Shakers who signed 
the Second family covenant. 

721 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Covenant of the church of Christ in New Lebanon relating to 
■U IQy^ the possession and use of a joint interest]. 1795. 
[12] p., bound; 21 cm. 

This agreement sets forth the basic tenets of organization of the 
community at New Lebanon, N.Y. It covers the reception of new 
members, the disposition of personal property, equality of 
rights, and the need for members to work together for the gen- 
eral welfare of the group. The document is signed by forty-two 
Shakers; a forty-third signature, that of Nicholas Lougee, is 
crossed out, suggesting that he left the community sometime 
after 1795. 
Manuscript is the first written covenant of the United Society. 



•7Y: 



722 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Covenant of the family of Believers in the town of Canaan: being 

( / a branch of the central institution of the order of young Behevers 

at New-Lebanon. 1836-1896. 
1 p.^., 19, [10] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Following the text of the covenant are the signatures of those 
persons who bound themselves to it. 

Covenant does not require that adherents automatically surren- 
der their property. 

723 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

The covenant or constitution of the Second family in the New- 
'^110 Lebanon United Society. 1830-1897. 
--A *-. , 33/ [37] p., bound; 21 cm. 



170 Manuscript Material 



Covenant is preceded by the essay "A brief illustration of the 
principles on which the covenant of the United Society is 
founded" (p. [1]-10). 

Following the text of the covenant are the names of persons who 
adopted it and certifications signed by the trustees that the indi- 
viduals listed did, in fact, adopt it. 
See also no. 716. 

724 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

\ An extract from the orders, rules, and counsels for the people of 

-it 1 1 ^ God / written by Father Joseph to the elders of the church at 

New Lebanon; copyed agreeable to Father Joseph's word. 1841. 
SA 75/ 66, 100, [7] p., bound; 22 cm. 

Manuscript volume also contains "Millennial laws, or gospel 
statutes and ordinances: adapted to the day of Christ's second 
appearing . . . recorded at New Lebanon, Aug. 7th, 1821; 
revised and reestablished by the ministry and elders, Oct. 1845." 
"Millennial laws" includes a brief index. 

725 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Millenial laws, or gospel statutes and ordinences adapted to the 
^' / if day of Christ's second appearing: given and established in 

c f\ '75^ ^^^ church for the protection thereof, by Father Joseph Meacham 

""'''^ and Mother Lucy Wright, the presiding ministry, and by their 

successors, the ministry & elders; recorded at New Lebanon, 

August 7th, 1821, revised and reestablished by the ministry & 

elders, October, 1845. 

[6], 94, [3] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Includes index. 

Handwritten note states that this copy finally belonged to the 

South family at Watervliet, N.Y., and that it was presented to 

Edward Andrews by Eldress Anna Case. 

726 [A private letter addressed to each individual of our family. 
. Ca. 1850]. 

^ S IT 4^.; 20 cm. 

c \ I r^ '^'X- Supplied title is taken from the envelope used to send the letter. 

^n T pHpr rnnrpmc: thp nrarHrp of nrpQPnl- PYrhanap'; 3f Chrisfmpm 



^ 



Letter concerns the practice of present exchanges at Christmas. 



Structure and Doctrine 171 



dp^ 



111 Roe, Richard. 

[Trustee's agreement]. 1836. 
H.; 19 X 21 cm. 



■^ L 1 542- Roe agrees to be a trustee at the Hancock, Mass., Shaker 
community. 



^5^6 



728 Shirley, Mass., Community. 

[Letter], March 8, 1843, Shirley, Mass., [to] Nathaniel Deming, 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
l^ /^D3 [4] p.; 26 cm. 

Letter concerns the stones used for fence posts around the feast 
grounds at Shirley, Mass., and the attendance of members of 
"the world" at meetings. 



-i^u-^ 



729 Whittaker, James. 

[Letter], February 1782, Ashfield, Mass., [to] Josiah Talcott, Han- 
cock, Mass. 
irJ\ RCO 1 photostat; 34 cm. 

Identified by Dr. Andrews as "the earliest Shaker manuscript 
extant," this letter expresses, for the first time, the idea that a 
Shaker should give up all of his possessions to the order. See 
the discussion on page 48 of Edward Deming Andrews, The peo- 
ple called Shakers (no. 491). 



730 Wright, Zadock 
Ot) 



■ [Deacon Wright's resignation]. 1806. 

^ ^^^ U.;30cm. 



Because of old age, Wright, Josiah Edgerly, and Nathaniel 
Sleeper ask to have their responsibilities as deacons or trustees 
lifted. They resided in the New Lebanon, N.Y., community ! 



Becoming a Shaker 



731 Bailey, William. 

^i ^j A survey of the farm of John P. Peabody. 1818. 

' K.; 32 cm. 

5 A a-^ According to the 1820 census, a John P. Peabody lived in Tops- 

field, Mass., and several William Baileys resided nearby in Essex 
County. 

732 Bennet, Joseph. 

ji r-n<> [True copy of a letter], January 26, 1797, New Lebanon, N.Y., 

"^ ^^^ [to] Anna Bennet. 

5f\ (3.^6 .1 [2] p.; 33 cm. 

Anna's parents disown her and absolve themselves of their 
parental responsibilities because she left Shakerism for the 
world. 

733 Bishop, Ebenezer. 

_. [Letter], May 3, 1813, New Lebanon, N.Y., [to] James Smith, Jr., 

"^ ^'^' Norwich, N.Y. 

::A I 5 3*9 [4] p.; 33 cm. 

Bishop and Calvin Green try to persuade Smith to become a 
Shaker. 



734 Blake, Olive. 

^ - -, ^ [Manuscripts concerning real estate, property, and family mem- 

^^ p bers]. 1817-1833. 

^^ ^'i' 13 items; 9-33 cm. 

^^ In about 1817, Olive Blake's husband, Jacob, died. These papers 

J -^ Q ^ concern transfers of land in his name and the guardianship of 

the Blake daughters, Rhoda and Hannah. In 1820, Olive signed a 

A 2^5 document that placed her daughters, then eleven and eight, in 



C 



vyS2~ 



172 



Becoming a Shaker 173 



the New Lebanon, N.Y., Shaker community until each became 
twenty-one and was free to choose whether or not she would 
remain. In 1833, the girls signed over to their mother all the 
property left to them by their father, thereby suggesting that 
they had chosen to become members of the Shaker movement. 






735 Clark, Rufus. 

[Covenant between the New Lebanon, N.Y., community and the 

family of Rufus Clark]. 1790. 

H.; 33 cm. 

Copy of the agreement that admitted the Clark family to the 

Shaker community at New Lebanon, N.Y. 



736 [Collection of discharges and lists of clothing taken by Shakers 
•M ■?/ ■• upon leaving the Society]. 1787-[ca. 1875]. 

<^^'" ^".-.aOO items; 8-34 cm. 
,^ "(p'^ When a person became a Shaker an inventory of his possessions 

^ ^/ was taken. If he later chose to leave the movement he was given 
w^i^ -^^ the equivalent of what he had originally brought into the com- 
^H munity based on the inventory and, perhaps, some of the tools 

. .^^S. '' of his trade. He was also asked to sign a discharge that absolved 
■^^ the community of responsibility for any subsequent payment for 

ri'Yl ^ i1 services he had rendered while a Shaker or for the property he 
^ A 1*^'^' ^^"^ deeded earlier to the community. Most of the manuscripts 

in this group are from the New Lebanon, N.Y., community and 
(| I'j date from the eighteenth century. 

^ . .gS '^ The text of James Shepherd's discharge, recorded on February 
■^ 18, 1790, is typical: "I the subscriber have this day reed, by the 

hand of Joseph Bennet of the Church he belongs to the sufn of 
fifteen pounds which is in full and to my satisfaction of all 
demand I have against Eldr. Joseph Meacham or the Church or 
any of them on account of any demand I heretofore had or now 
have on the farm and estate lying in the west district of Rensa- 
lair Wick now in the possession of said Church, or on any other 
amount whatever. And I do therefore hereby acquit and 
discharge Eldr. Joseph Meacham and the Church aforesaid from 
any further demand whatever forever hereafter." 



274 Manuscript Material 

737 [Collection of wills and estate inventories]. 1797-1836. 
J- S/S- ^^^ 30 items; 33-40 cm. 

Q r<j Wills of Shakers living in the Hancock, Mass., New Lebanon, 
oA^-3:i " N.Y., and Canaan, N.Y., communities. A Shaker will was drawn 

up to confirm the surrender of property made at the time an 
individual joined the Society. 



S Sl^ 



738 Fitch, William. 
[Copy of a letter], June 21, 1820, New Lebanon, N.Y., [to] 
Stephen Fitch. 

£^ I a 3 6 [2] p.; 25 cm. 

Addressed to his "Respected Parent," the letter concerns the 
clothing worn by William when he entered the Shaker 
community. 

739 Hamlin, Samuel. 

Covenant & agreement with the overseers [of the New Lebanon, 

^ /^S NY., community]. 1796. 

Sh 1^^ U.;32cm. 

Hamlin joined the New Lebanon, N.Y., community in 1788, 
and, eight years later, in this covenant, he reaffirms his commit- 
ment to the Shaker way of life. The document is also signed by 
Elisha Gilbert and Clariss Miller. 

740 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
^Q^Cl [Real estate records]. 1761-1847. 

K QiiU,\ "^ 5*^ items: map; 10-41 cm. 
/^\}'^2. Documents include deeds, manuscripts concerning title transfers 

of land, and recollections about land use and ownership. 
J^a 0^' ^ One of the basic beliefs held by members of the United Society 

QS^ ^^^ ^^^^ property, including land, should be held in common 
Sn o" ' for the general welfare. Thus, when an individual or family offi- 

cially joined a Shaker community all personal property had to be 
4j Cic^l given up. These manuscripts reveal two ways in which land 

transfers occurred: A Shaker either sold his land and gave the 
' C J\ \ S '^ • community the money realized from the sale, or he deeded his 

land directly to the community. Frequently, if this deeded land 
was located near one of their settlements the Shakers would 



Becoming a Shaker 175 



retain it for farming, for raising livestock, as a source of wood, 
or for some other purpose that might benefit the community as a 
whole. Land located at some distance from the community was 
often sold. But as time passed even distant property was 
retained as the Shakers tried to earn additional income from its 
continued use. Indeed, Shaker leaders had early on sought to 
increase the Society's land holdings and, it was hoped, thereby 
increase its income. People from "the world" were commonly 
hired to work these distant properties. Eventually, however, the 
acquisition of large tracts, both locally and afar, helped weaken 
the financial structure of the Society, as the income the Shakers 
derived from the land became less than the cost of its upkeep. 
See no. 752 for New Lebanon, N.Y., real estate records. 

Hannah, Alice. 

[Letter to my natural relations. Ca. 1850]. 

12€.; 13 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from the first line of the letter. 

Letter concerns perceived spiritual mistreatment. It is unclear 

whether it is directed to the writer's natural family or to the 

Shaker community at New Lebanon, N.Y. 

742 Harvard, Mass., Community. 
^S95 [Letter], April 13, 1849, Harvard, Mass., [to] Grove Wright, West 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
[4] p.; 25 cm. 

Letter concerns Joseph Tillinghast, a potential Shaker, and "that 
poor, old, wicked, debased, superanuated Mary Dyer." 

Hinman, Ransom. 

A plan of the Shaker's lot in Washington, [Mass. Ca. 1845]. 

[3] p.: plan; 32 cm. 

Plan gives the dimensions and markings of a recently acquired 

lot of land. Hinman was a surveyor; the owners of the lot were 

at the Hancock, Mass., community. 

Johnson, Samuel. 

A memorandum of things carried to the North-house by Samuel 

and Elizabeth Johnson in the year 1793 for the use of the family. 

1803. 



743 


^ f/S 


5,4 /553 


744 


^;n7 


6A gl^.l 



176 Manuscript Material 



[4] p.; 17 cm. 

Includes livestock, kitchenware, the proceeds from the sale of 
land, and furniture. These items were given to the New Leba- 
non, N.Y., community. 

745 Johnson, Samuel. 

. [Statement from the children of Samuel and Elizabeth Johnson 

'i^- I ' I revoking all rights to the property given by their parents to the 

^. , ^ Shakers at New Lebanon, N.Y.l. 1803. 

SMSI'*.^ W,32cm. 

Statement is signed by the three Johnson children, Samuel, 
Eunice, and Elizabeth, and, for the Shakers, by David Meacham 
and Amos Hammond. 

746 Jones, E. B. 

,,,. ~i [Letters from a father to his sons]. 1856. 

^ '^ ' ' 2 items; 21 cm. 

c^h j^5S .3 These letters were written by Jones, who was a conductor on the 
Joliet Division of the Michigan Central Rail Road Company, to 
two of his sons, George and Emauel, who had been entrusted to 
the care of Shakers. The community is not named. In one letter 
he writes, "\ am very thankful that yourself and 2 brothers are 
contented and happy that you are beloved by all the brothers 
and sisters. ... Be obedient to your caretakers, cheerful to your 
teacher, and my dear boy you will be beloved by the Society." 

747 McArthur, Duncan. 

jj Bill of sunder, articles delivered to his daughter, Reuama. 1812. 

■-* —' [2] p.; 32 cm. 

< A 4 7 6 "The follow[ing] is an account of what Rheuma Steward received 

in August one thousand eight hundred and twelve of the prop- 
erty of her father Duncan McArthur." Mostly clothes on the list. 

748 Mathewson, Jeffery. 
[Letters to and from Jeffery Mathewson concerning his family 



^ A .^ -1 / j-i^S items; 33 cm. 



^ and the New Lebanon, N.Y., Shakers]. 1801. 



Becoming a Shaker 177 



Two of these letters are from Mathewson to David Meacham, 
and one is from Lydia Mathewson to Jeffery, her son. They con- 
cern payment to Jeffery's brother Angel for services he had ren- 
dered while a New Lebanon, N.Y., resident and the equitable 
settlement of the estate upon the death of the boy's father. At 
the center of both conflicts was the rejection of Shakerism by the 
sons and its acceptance by the parents. Lydia claims that the 
estate was settled fairly and that Angel was not due payment 
from her community. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 



-^ ^' t3. 



749 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[An account of the property that the elderly people brought in to 
the church according to their own account. Ca. 1805]. 

cj\ 9Si'1« '"'^^ items; 18-33 cm. 

One manuscript elaborates upon the other in describing how 
much money was contributed to the Shakers at New Lebanon, 
N.Y., by eight individuals. 

750 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Certificate of membership]. 1824. 

^ /7^ U.; 13 X 20 cm. 

Document certifies admittance into the community of the nine 
^k "3 ' <^ individuals named. It is signed by Stephen Munson and Israel 
Hammond, deacons. 



751 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Collection of apprenticeships]. 1809-1895. 
142 items; 20-39 cm. 

Most of these indentures are from the 1830s through the 1860s 
and emanated from either the Church or North family at New 
Lebanon, N.Y. Typically, this kind of document was signed by 
Og3 *^he parents of a child being given over to the care of the Shakers 

and countersigned by a Shaker official. The parents agreed not 
C^\) ->^ to interfere with the child's upbringing nor to remove the child 

from the community. In return, the Shakers agreed to provide 






278 Manuscript Material 



the indentured child the necessities of life, to educate him in 
school and for a trade, and to give him the freedom to choose, 
at age twenty-one, whether or not he wanted to become a 
Shaker. All the child had to do was behave and accept with 
equanimity his lot in life until maturity. 

752 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
-Sj^li>- ^^^ [Real estate records]. 1747-1857. 

For the most part these records are deeds. See the Hancock, 
41 'j^i-j Mass., real estate entry (no. 740) for a summary of the impor- 

c.i\ gS4' {"^ tance of land to the Shakers. 

^\3 SI. Several of the early eighteenth-century manuscripts in this group 

probably did not involve Shakers directly or the New Lebanon, 
£>j^ 3-*" ^ N.Y., community at all. Their inclusion in this entry reflects the 

5^ ^^ ^' organization of the Andrews Shaker collection. It is assumed 

^\}S 2- that these manuscripts survived into the nineteenth and twen- 

tieth centuries because they were retained by descendants of the 
principals who had joined the Shaker community at New Leba- 
non and its branch at Canaan, N.Y. 

753 Turner, Gideon. 

[Inventory of goods given by Gideon Turner to the deacons and 
^ '"7^ overseers of the church, 1788]. 1796. 

^A ^'2> U.;32cm. 

Although Turner's property was given to the Shakers in 1788, 
this inventory was recorded eight years later, on March 31, 1796. 
Included are livestock, carpenter's tools, food, and the value of 
some land that had changed hands in 1795. Turner lived at New 
Lebanon, N.Y. 



Conduct of Life from Spirit Messages 
and Shaker Leaders 



754 Avery, Giles Bushnell. 

An address to Believers generally: in substance originally deliv- 
' ^ ered in the societies of Canterbury & Enfield, N.H.; subse- 

^h *2"^2^ quently partially delivered in the societies of Watervliet & New 
Lebanon. 1861. 
84 p., bound; 21 cm. 
Exhortations to live the good life. 

755 Bacon, jane. 

A little book from the prophet Elijal given out on Mount Sina, 
'^'^50 g^p^ -^g^j^^ -jg42 1842-1851. 

<, A /0§^ [12] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Book is in two parts. The first is the 1842 message to Jane Bacon, 
written in this manuscript volume by Amy Wier in 1843. The 
second, another spirit message but in the form of a poem, was 
given in 1851 and was written in the volume by Nancy Oakes. 
Volume is from either the New Lebanon, N.Y., or the Hancock, 
Mass., community. 



#4^9 



756 Barber, Miranda. 
Words on a card sent from Holy Mother Wisdom to Miranda 
Barber, July 10th, 1842. 

SA 10 21.^ [2] p.; 13 X 20 cm. 

Spirit message to a child who lived at the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
community concerning life as a Shaker. 

757 Bathrick, Eunice. 

, y q Visions, spirit communications, religious experience, narrative 
^ pieces, poems, and sketches from different authors / gathered 

^ A , /v -/ 7 and recorded by Eunice Bathrick. 1850-1865. 



179 



280 Manuscript Material 



[4], 182 p., bound; 26 cm. 

Compiler resided in the Harvard, Mass., community. 
Manuscript volume includes a table of contents. In the introduc- 
tion, Bathrick notes that one part of this book, "Religious experi- 
ence of David Browley," pages 83-109, has special meaning for 
her. 

758 Battles, Albert. 

A record of communications from the spiritual world for Albert 
jj d^'J Battles; given by divine inspiration. First family. City of Love, 

o 2 1841-1845. 

6f^ '^ 59 p., bound; 21 cm. 

Spirit messages to Battles at the Tyringham, Mass., community. 
Volume contains fifty blank leaves following its handwritten 
pages. 

759 Bishop, Rufus. 

iL iiu^ Words of a shining roll sent from Holy Mother Wisdom to 

' Brother Rufus Bishop, July 10th, 1842: copied from the original. 

' h,\0?>l' \ 1 P^-' 21 P-, bound; 8 x 10 cm. 

Spirit message to a resident of the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
community. 

760 Blanchard, Grove. 
A visionary dream. 1827. 
[4] p.; 33 cm. 

Person experiencing this spirit message resided at the Harvard, 
Mass., Shaker community. 

Bodge, Lucy. 

[Spirit messages recorded by the mortal hand of Lucy Bodge]. 

1842-1843. 

113 p., bound; 21 cm. 

Spirit messages from Shirley and Hancock, Mass. 

Forty-one blank leaves follow the written pages in this volume. 

Brewster, Cassandra. 

Cassandra Brewster's account of her parents, Justus & Joanna, & 

the way they found the virgin brotherhood. 1884. 



^ 


^32 


Sh 


lt'74 




761 




^ ^33 


SA 


\0l\ 




762 




-iL CjC^ 


c\ 


^ 1549 



^ 4H. 



Conduct of Life 181 



[4] p.; 20 cm. 

Not written in the subject's hand, this short narrative concerns 
both spiritualistic visions and the influence of Sampson Wood on 
converting the Brewster family to Shakerism. 

763 Burgess, A. 
[A little book given by the prophet Elijah at the feast on Mount 
Sina, Sept. 1842]. 1843. 

'=^ A /OSl [10] p., bound; 18 cm. 

Spiritual message from the Virgin Mary. 

Attribution is based on the name on page [10]: Written 

March 13, 1843 for A. Burgess, City of Peace, Pittsfield. 

764 Bushnell, Sally. 

ij jj/ A spiritual journal commenced June 1st, 1841. 1841-1844. 

^" [173] p., bound; 20 cm. 

SA /O^'-i Caption title. 

Diary of Shaker religious observations at Canaan and New Leba- 
non, N.Y. 



765 Deming, William. 



^ V-:^^ 



A short and interesting account of a beautiful temple and glori- 
fied spirits in heaven: seen in a vision. 1843. 
c^A lOTf 21 p., bound; 18 cm. 

From the Hancock, Mass., community, this vision records a trip 
through heaven on January 24, 1843. 

766 Evans, Frederick William. 

[Copies of correspondence with Leo Tolstoi]. 1890-1891. 
^ ^03 4 items; 21-27 cm. 

These letters emphasize similarities in the thought of the Shakers 
S/l /JJ'VK'' ' and Tolstoi. Evans wrote Tolstoi: "The fact that the whole 

Shaker Order live out the principles you advocate, can but be 
encouraging to you." In a February 1891 letter, Tolstoi discussed 
one of his basic beliefs: "\ think that the principle of non- 
resistance is the chief trait of true Christianity and the greatest 
difficulty in our time is to be true to it. How do you manage to 
do so in your community?" 



182 Manuscript Material 



767 God parental: or the father and mother spirit manifested in 
diety; copied August 1850. 1850-1872. 

-i=^ ^^^ 1 p.^., 78 p., bound; 20 cm. 

(^I\ \Clo It is apparent that there were two compilers of this manuscript 

i^ ; volume; however, neither is identified. In 1850 the first compiler 

r-^y wrote the initial five pages, which reflect the topic suggested in 

^^ i^t^> the title. In 1871 and 1872, another hand recorded letters written 

. A<? ^ • I °^ ^ variety of subjects to various Shaker communities. Judging 
from the similar handwritings in this volume and in no. 799, the 
second compiler may have been Sophia Niles of the Harvard, 
Mass., Shaker community. 

768 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

j/ An account of the meetings held in the City of Peace, City of 

Union, and City of Love, on the 25th of Dec. 1845. 

<• N ^ ftft 1 p.€., 156 p., bound; 20 cm. 

Includes events at religious services and communications 
through mediums with deceased Shaker leaders. 

769 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

[A book of inspirational messages]. 1841-1842. 
^ "-f^l 98 p., bound; 22 cm. 

•SA 10^1 Volume is a compilation of messages from various Shaker com- 

munities and mediums. 

770 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
. [Copies of letters. Ca. 1837]. 

^«=^ 7 p., bound; 21 cm. 

<j\ I x^ ^ ^ri this small copybook are three letters concerning Shaker reli- 

gious beliefs and biblical interpretations. 



^ v^y 



771 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

For the ministry of the City of Peace. 1842. 
[20] p., bound; 9 x 11 cm. 
SA lOlX Cover title. 

Concerns the kind of clothing to be worn by Shaker brothers 
and sisters "as [they] go up to the Feast of the Lord, or attend to 
Her Holy passover." 



Conduct of Life 183 



111 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

A record of divinely inspired communications and messages. 
1841-1851. 

80, [2], 36 p., bound; 20 cm. 

First numbered sequence of pages is organized into thirteen 
chapters, each chapter consisting of a separate message. Second 
numbered sequence of pages contains two messages in verse 
recorded in 1851. Twenty-seven blank leaves are left in the vol- 
ume after the messages. 

Hancock, Mass., Community. 

A record of messages and communications given by devine 

inspiration in the Second family. City of Peace. 1842-1869. 

101, [62] p., bound; 22 cm. 

The Second family was located in West Pittsfield, Mass., and 

was a branch of the Hancock, Mass., community. 

Spirit messages occupy the numbered pages only. Following 

them are a sketch of the religious experiences of Elder John Lyon 

and some writings by early Shakers, including James Whittaker. 

774 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

A record of messages and communications given by divine 
:^ J-f^& inspiration in the church at Hancock, commencing in 1840. 
1840-1843. 

160 p., bound; 21 cm. 

Through various mediums Shakers are advised how to live a 
righteous life. In this volume there are twenty-nine spirit 
messages. 



/O^^ 



775 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
^ l1i44 ^ record of messages and communications given by divine 
inspiration in the Second family at Pittsfield. 1841-1843. 
[3], 63, 59, 67 p., bound; 22 cm. 
Caption title of the first portion of the volume. 
Volume also includes "A record of messages and communica- 
tions given by divine inspiration in the West family at Hancock" 
and "A record of messages and communications given by divine 
inspiration in the East family at Pittsfield." 



184 Manuscript Material 



The Second and East families were branches of the Hancock, 
Mass., community located in West Pittsfield, Mass. 



^ ^n 



776 Hazard, Mary. 
Precious crumbs of heavenly food and celestial ornaments sent 
to Mary Hazard from her ever blessed Mother Ann and other 

^ A jog5 good spirits. 1839-1842. 

^^ 2 p.e., 66 p., bound; 13 cm. 

Spirit messages in song and prose to a New Lebanon, N.Y., 

resident. 

777 History of a little girl given by Mother Lucy. 1842. 
U w re- [39] p., bound; 16 cm. 

The "little girl" of the title and, by extension, other children are 
<, A 10^3 instructed through this spirit message in how to live a correct, 

disciplined Shaker life. 
No community is recorded in this manuscript message. 

778 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

. [Letter], June 13, 1886, Mount Lebanon, N.Y., [to] Laura C. 

^ fc^^ Hollo way. 

^A y^"^^ 8 p.; 21 cm. 

Contains a good explanation of Shaker celibacy. 

779 Hulett, Elvira C. 

[Spirit messages delivered through Elvira C. Hulett]. 1841-1847. 
4 i^S>-X 42 p., bound; 22 cm. 
- Messages from the Hancock, Mass., community, 

^n ^ Fifty-six blank leaves follow the written pages in this volume. 

780 Hulett, Elvira C. 

S iJ^ "' [Spirit messages through Elvira C. Hulett and Mary Smith]. 
^ 1844. 

SP\ lOlS [45] p., bound; 14 cm. 

From the Hancock, Mass., community. 

781 Lovegrove, Elizabeth. 






A card of love and notice from blessed Mother Ann to Elizabeth 
Lovegrove, January 25th, 1843. 



Conduct of Life 285 



[2] p.; 13 X 20 cm. 

Spirit message to a child who lived at the New Lebanon, N.Y., 

community concerning life as a Shaker. 

782 [Manuscript book containing poetry, letters, and thoughts on 
how to live a right Shaker life. Ca. 1871]. 

jj_ d£2. [68] p., bound; 17 cm. 

^ , Volume cannot be attributed to any compiler or community since 

•^n ' it is a random collection of miscellaneous writings. The copyist 

wrote down the first selection, "The tongue of the whippi 
whoppi," he said, "more for curiosity than anything else." 
Forty-six leaves are blank after those with writing on them. 

783 [Manuscript book of notes on various topics. Ca. 1880]. 
4/ 3 id ['^^J P' bound; 21 cm. 

First section of this notebook records part of a speech, delivered 
Sk 2) 'l ^ at Watervliet, on creation and regeneration; the second and third 
c <t S> A , sections concern vegetarianism. The topics are the kinds that 

F. W. Evans considered in his pamphlets. 






784 Mathewson, Lydia. 

Words on a card sent from Holy Mother Wisdom to Lydia 
^ ^4i Mathewson, July 10th, 1842. 

S/) IC^l-^ [2] p.; 13 X 20 cm. 

Spirit message to a child who lived at the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
community concerning life as a Shaker. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

785 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[A book of means for the protection of children sent from 
"^ II o heaven, by Holy Mother Wisdom, to the caretakers of children]. 

25 p., bound; 16 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from the heading for page 2. 

Page 1 is dated June 23, 1841, Wednesday, and reads: "I saw an 

Angel descending from Heaven, having on his wings a box. He 



186 Manuscript Material 



entered the room and placed the box upon my head. Nothing 
more was done about it untill the next morning. Then Mother's 
little messenger little James Wordly came to the inspired instru- 
ment, and told her to take the box to the Elders, & he would 
read its contents. In the box, said he, is a book from Holy 
Mother Wisdom, which contains the means for the protection of 
the little lambs of Zion. Beloved Elders, if ye desire it, this book 
may be copied off any time, and by any instrument ye chuse." 



41 /3.:l 



786 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[A book of orders given by Mother Lucy for all that belong to 
the children's order. Ca. 1842]. 

St\ 15^ 29, [14] p., bound; 16 cm. 

Attribution is to the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, and the 
supplied title is based on the similarity of the text on the num- 
bered pages in this manuscript to the text of entry no. 785. 
Unnumbered pages contain a poem recounting the discovery of 
Mother Ann in heaven by a recently deceased child. 

787 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

A book of orders given by Mother Lucy for all that belong to the 
^ I ^O children's order: copied August 21st, 1840 / written by Daniel 

. Crosman, Jany. 1842. 

SA ^^^ [2], 59 p., bound; 16 cm. 

Rules requiring children to be orderly, obey their elders, work 
\e>\\ "''••'^ tirelessly, and develop their characters in conformity with Shaker 

I '2'x- \ principles. 

Manuscript contains a hymn, "The honest child," on pages 
41-43. 

Part of this book was delivered through Mother Ann's little mes- 
senger, James Wardley. 



U 



788 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Circular on intemperance. Ca. 1830]. 
[3] p.; 33 cm. 

^ /I •"» T >L. Date is based on the watermark used by David Carson, which is 
identified in A catalogue of American watermarks, 1690-1835 by 



J^ /^S 



Conduct of Life 187 



Thomas L. Gravell and George Miller (New York and London: 
Garland Pub. , 1979), pages 9, 62, and 167. 
Manuscript concerns the amount of alcohol permitted Shakers 
and occasions for its use. 

789 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
,i>c^ [Conduct of elders. Ca. 1845]. 

[2] p.; 19 X 20 cm. 

"The following is a regulation in reguard to the Elders in the dif- 
ferent families visiting us when we return from Wisdoms Val- 
ley." Signed by the ministry. 

790 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Dedication of the first meetinghouse in 1786. Ca. 1840]. 
[2] p.; 23 cm. 

"Copyed from a writing left by Father Joseph," this three- 
paragraph account is actually a set of rules to be followed by 
Shakers while in the meetinghouse. 

791 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

_ An extract from the holy orders of the church: written by Father 
^ Joseph to the elders of the church at New Lebanon and copied 

agreeable to Father Joseph's word, February, 18th, 1841. 
[12], 123 p., bound; 20 cm. 
Guide for living the correct Shaker life. 
The name Lucy S. Bowers is written on a blank leaf at the front. 



7^5 



792 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
The holy orders of the church / written by Father Joseph to the 
elders of the church at New Lebanon; and copied agreeable to 
Father Joseph's word. 1841. 
[125] p., bound; 16 x 20 cm. 

Another codification of Shaker statutes offered by Joseph Mea- 
cham through spirit contact. 

793 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

yy 7 Laws of Zion respecting the use of strong drink, &c. &c. 1841. 
Ip.L, 19 p., bound; 23 cm. 






188 Manuscript Material 



A spirit advises Shakers to use alcohol and tobacco sparingly 
and to limit their intake of pork. The names of 118 Shakers fol- 
low the text, presumably to signify their adherence to the recom- 
mendations. Judging from the appearance of the signatures, not 
all were written by the individuals named. 

794 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ — [Laws of Zion respecting the use of strong drink, &c. &c.]. 1841. 
^'' ' 29 p., bound; 17 cm. 
SA 1 53> From front cover: Recorded for the Elders. 

Faithful copy of entry no. 793 without the names that follow that 
text. 

795 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Records of spiritual meetings and orders by Elder Henry G. 
=^i^l Green]. 1854-1908. 

-,<5 1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 25 cm. 
'^'f ' Volume consists of two distinct sections. The first, covering 

1854-1860, records events at Shaker religious meetings. A list of 
Shaker men and women for 1855 is included. The second section 
is made up of business records generated from orders taken by 
Elder Henry G. Green for Shaker fabrics. 

796 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

, [Spirit messages, chiefly by instruments at New Lebanon, N.Y.]. 

^ ^i'^2 1841-1847. 
r A y aOZ 76, [101] p., bound; 21 cm. 

First message in this volume is Mother Ann's final address to 
the Second family of New Lebanon: "The following, is, in sub- 
stance, the last verbal communication which Mother Ann caused 
to be delivered at the Second Family, which is her closing and 
farewell address to them" (p. [1]). 
Fifty-three blank leaves follow the pages that contain 
handwriting. 

797 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^' /S^ [Wearing apparel for females under 26 . . . for those under 20]. 
1840. 



<r 



h ?l^ 



Conduct of Life 189 



[6] p.; 25 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from the second line of the manuscript. 
Includes a list of clothes approved for females and the number of 
each item alloted. The final four pages contain a spirit message 
from Mother Lucy through Ollive Spencer, dated April 26, 
1840, concerning the proper dress for and the "working tools" 
used by sisters under thirty. 
Manuscript is "copied from the original." 

798 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

ai 1 1 cf Words of the second roll: read by the holy and searching angel 

of light and truth, sent forth by holy and eternal wisdom in 
<i f) 755 charity and love to the inhabitants of Zion. 1841. 
1 p.L, 60 p., bound; 17 cm. 
From front cover: Not to go on general record. 
Concerns the keeping and treatment of animals in a Shaker com- 
munity. Within a rambling text are commands such as that 
found on page 31: "Keep nothing but what is plain and servica- 
ble; keep nothing for fancy or oddity, for this would prove a 
snare to your souls, and impede your travail in the work of 
regeneration." 

799 Niles, Sophia. 



^ "1 '-^X 



[Spirit messages and letters]. 1870-1871. 
1 p. a., 68 p., bound; 26 cm. 
< A //)9C. I Attribution is based on the name of the recipient of the spirit 

messages. Most of the volume contains copies of letters written 
to and from the Harvard, Mass., Shaker community and pre- 
sumably copied by Niles. 

Pasted inside the front and back covers to lend support to the 
slim volume is a cut-up broadside catalogue for seeds from the 
Harvard community. Orders were to be addressed to A. H. 
Grosvenor, Groton Junction. 

800 Reed, Amy. 
. [Reproduction of Shaker spirit writing in the Shaker Museum, 

"^ S^5 Old Chatham, N.Y. 19—]- 



190 Manuscript Material 



Reproduction of an 1845 document issued by a modern museum 
sometime during the tiiird quarter of the twentieth century. 
Title is taken from the caption on page [2]. 

801 Some examples of the manner of address to be used by Believers 

J/ y o y in their salutation to each other. [Ca. 1830]. 

<- X ^ [2] p.; 32 cm. 

oA 7^S gj^Qj-j jj^ip. Manner of address. 

802 [Stewart, Philemon]. 

, A general statement of the holy laws of Zion. [1840]. 

' ^' '^ 128, [2] p., bound; 22 cm. 
.SA 7 V*/ Contents of this document were revealed to Stewart, referred to 

as the New Lebanon instrument, by Father James Whittaker 
through spirit contact. The manuscript contains rules for leading 
a correct Shaker life. 

803 [Stewart, Philemon]. 

'^ /5. 7 A general statement of the holy laws of Zion. 1840. 
< A ~i/ U ^ P'' t'ound; 22 cm. 

' Note inside the front cover states that this manuscript volume 

(^'Pi^i' cJ^r belonged to the South family of Watervliet, N.Y. It was given to 
^ / /V ) Edward D. Andrews by Eldress Anna Case. 

Pages [99]-113 contain a supplement to the laws given by the 
angel Vikalen to the ministry at Watervliet, N.Y., May 21, 1840. 

804 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

Further word concerning a treasure box given to the holy 
— T^5S annointed in Wisdom's Valley for Mother's children on the 

Mount; made known by a holy angel from Christ the Saviour, 

April 7th, 1842. 

16, [1] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Among the pages of this spirit message is a march, including 

musical notation, called "A song of rejoicing." 



SA /09/ 



805 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
~^ //^ [Orders given by Mother Lucy to sisters working in the kitchen: 
and spirit messages on conduct from Mother Lucy and Mother 
-^ A yy^ Ann]. 1837-1842. 



Conduct of Life 191 



[36] p., bound; 19 cm. 

Given from February to April 1842 and recorded by Dana or 
Mary Ann Ayres, these spirit messages deal with the rules of 
conduct for Shaker women and the threat of worldliness. 
Paper covers are taken from a publication from the press of 
M. Day of New York. 

806 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
[Spirit messages. Ca. 1845]. 

^ ^5^ 3 items; 8-18 cm. 

. ^qd These messages refer to prophetic visions of events that were to 
occur in the 1840s and 1850s, presents to various communities 
promised by Father James Whittaker, and "words which were 
spoken by a certain number of Mother's first born as they 
kneeled to partake of the bread and water of Heaven." 

807 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

4i lL c;U ^^^ word of holy and eternal wisdom: directed to the beloved 
ministry at Wisdom's Valley; to be dealt with according as their 
^/) /O'lD wisdom may direct; written by inspiration, commencing May 3d, 
1844. 

86 p., bound; 19 cm. 
Caption title. 

Manuscript volume concerns how Shaker leaders should act 
toward their followers. 



808 Wells, Seth Young. 

Remarks on learning and the use of books: March 10th, 1836. 
^ ^^^ 1841. 

[11] p., bound; 17 x 20 cm. 
O/J f 7 O Cover title: Remarks on learning, books, &c. 

Wells writes that Shakers should not read novels, romances, or 
history. Children should be exposed to books that educate them 
in reading, wriHng, and common arithmetic. Students who seem 
capable should have books from which to learn grammar and 
bookkeeping. A Shaker's room needs nothing more than the 
Bible, books published by Believers, a dictionary, a concordance. 



292 Manuscript Material 



a spelling book, and an almanac. "These are thought to be as 
many as can be read to any profit." 

"The foregoing was copied from a book written by Seth Y. Wells 
and approved by the ministry and Elders at New Lebanon." 

-U '7^ 809 Whittaker, James. 

SA S ' - A copy of a letter written by James Whitaker to his parents in 

England. 1784. 
19 p., bound; 18 cm. 

In a rambling discourse, Whittaker talks about his life as a 
Shaker and criticizes his parents for not also following Mother 
Ann. 






810 Wright, Grove. 

A record of communications from the spiritual world to Grove 

Wright: given by divine inspiration. 1841-1845. 

[8], 66 p., bound; 22 cm. 

The messages in this volume, while all directed to Wright, were 

delivered through several mediums. The messages were from 

Enfield, Conn., and from Hancock, Pittsfield, and Tyringham, 

Mass. 

Sixty-three blank leaves follow the written pages in this volume. 



Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances 



811 Babbitt, Eliza. 

A journal kept by the ministry commencing Feb. 18th/62 / Eliza 
Babbitt commences writing in this book. 1862-1865. 
171 p.; 34 cm. 

Journal entries were made in the Harvard and Shirley, Mass., 
communities. Babbitt's handwriting appears throughout the 
manuscript. The journal was at some time damaged by water, 
rendering more than half of each page illegible. The writer com- 
ments about the weather, her work with textiles, meetings, and 
visitors to the community. 



812 Basting, Louis. 

A sketch of the early history of Pittsfield. 1888. 

13 p.; 25 cm. 

Sketch of Pittsfield and Berkshire County, Mass. The Shakers are 

mentioned on pages 12 and 13. The author was probably a 

Shaker. 



813 Bates, Issachar. 

Sketch of the life and experience of Issachar Bates (sen.). 

S iLf:^ [Ca. 1840]. 

187 p., bound; 22 cm. 

jjh^ 71 ^ Contains much on Bates's life as a missionary for the Shakers 
throughout New England and the Midwest. Includes copies of 
letters and hymns that he wrote, some before his conversion. 
Although Bates wrote an autobiography in 1833 that is in manu- 
script at the Shaker Museum Library, Old Chatham, N.Y., this 
book is dated ca. 1840. Material on Bates's funeral in 1837 indi- 
cates a later date than 1833. 



193 



194 Manuscript Material 



814 Bill, Aaron. 

A memorandum of particular events / written by Aaron Bill; 

^ ^S$ beginning Jan. 1st, 1833. 1833-1855. 

^ p- 1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 20 cm. 

^ /\ » ^ jj^p author's intentions were better than his performance — only 

three days' events are recorded. Most of the volume, thus, con- 
sists of blank leaves. Other leaves that are written on cover the 
years 1839-1855 and deal with the accounts for produce and live- 
stock at New Lebanon, N.Y., and with the expenses incurred by 
members of that community while traveling. The keeper of these 
records is not identified. 

815 Bushnell, Sally. 

A few items written by Sally Bushnell for her own amusement & 
' '■^ to strengthen memory in relation to dates, &c. 1855-1865. 

C A C I A P' 66~109' hound; 18 cm. 

" Basically a diary. Bushnell was a member of the Lower Canaan, 

N.Y., community. She wrote down events from May 21, 1855, 
until December 25, 1858. Her own death was recorded on 
December 11, 1865. 

816 [Crosman, Abigail]. 

:^ I^lI [Journal of common events]. 1873-1888. 
1 p.L, 144 p., bound; 26 cm. 
S /] "2 S / Supplied title is taken from the sixth line of the preface, which is 
dated March 25, 1873, and is on the preliminary leaf. Diary cov- 
ers March 28, 1873-September 4, 1888. 

Manuscript records events at the Groveland, N.Y., community. 
The diarist, once thought to be Calvin G. Reid, can be identified 
as Crosman by annual references in the manuscript to a birthday 
and by personal initials that appear throughout. 

817 Damon, Thomas, 
y 5-/ [Diary]. 1834-1845. 

' [47] p., bound; 17 cm. 
Q A 114 Although the diary begins in 1834, most of the entries are for 
^r\ III 1841-1845. Damon lived in Enfield, Conn. 

Paging does not reflect fourteen blank leaves between pages [44] 

and [45]. 



(aJ. 



Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances 195 



818 Deming, William. 

11 ill Journal of William's travel to the state of Ohio. 1810. 
' ^' 33, [24] p., bound; 16 cm. 
^ -1-1 (? Deming's trip took place between May 21 and October 3, 1810. 
'-^'^ While most of the journal is his to-be-expected story of the tra- 

vails of travel and his activities, the entry for August 27, pages 
22-33, [1-15], contains an account entitled "Transactions of the 
Ohio mob, called in the public papers an expedition against the 
Shakers." 

819 Gates, Benjamin. 

A day book or journal of work and various things / kept by Ben- 
=^ -2^^ jamin Gates, beginning October 1st 1827. 1827-1838. 
Sfv 1(^2 [154] p., bound; 20 cm. 

"I, Benjamin Gates, this day came in to the new taylor's shop to 
cct> l^i work, &L from this time, I expect to keep a journal of my work. 
A'\' To day I began to learn to make button Holes." Rather than just 

a detailed account of his life in the tailor shop, this diary 
includes references to Gates's other activities as well, such as 
carpentry, planting, and berrying. Its contents reveal the multi- 
tude of tasks a typical Shaker brother was expected to perform. 
Gates resided at New Lebanon, N.Y. 

820 Goepper, Anna. 

-^^ South family events / kept by Anna Goepper. 1912-1914. 
^ '^ ' 1 p.^., [193] p., bound; 22 cm. 
5A f S^ Volume covers July 19, 1912-January 1, 1914. 

Goepper, who mentions, almost in passing, that she signed the 
covenant on August 26, 1912, was a cook and baker whose 
products were sold to "the world." In contrast to diaries that 
were kept in the nineteenth century, this manuscript refers more 
to dealings that the Shakers had with the outside world. In addi- 
tion, its pages offer clues as to why the Watervliet, N.Y., com- 
munity did not survive. 

821 Goodrich, Daniel. 

■^ [Copies of manuscripts found among the wriHngs of Deacon 



v5/4 1911 



Daniel Goodrich after his death. Ca. 1855]. 



196 Manuscript Material 



129, [6] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Contains copies of letters written in the eighteenth century by 
Shaker founders, remembrances of addresses concerning the cor- 
rect Shaker way of life, and recollections of eighteenth- and early 
nineteenth-century Shaker history. Most of the manuscript might 
be termed an oral history of early Shakerism. While the manu- 
script has been entered under Goodrich's name, many other per- 
sons were actually responsible for its intellectual content. The 
supplied title paraphrases the heading on the first page. 

822 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

J^ J-SS [Diary]. 1854, 1860. 

^ 2 vols., bound; 13-16 cm. 

■^fA / 7 oJ- Keeper of this diary is not named; however, it would seem from 

internal evidence that he was a carpenter who made pails and 

■^ /S&> yarn swifts. He resided in the Hancock, Mass., community and 

<A '~1^^ traveled widely, including a trip to Saratoga, N.Y., for the water 

cure in 1860. The diary includes many references to the agricul- 
tural life of the community, the comings and goings of residents 
and visitors, and Shaker meetings. 

Both volumes contain printed matter. The 1854 diary was issued 
by Lamport, Blakeman and Law of New York City and contains 
monthly calendars, travel distances, postage rates, etc. The 1860 
diary was published by L. E. Hunt of Hartford, Conn., and is 
entitled Slocum's pocket diary. 

"^/S7 823 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
[Diary]. 1862. 

1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 11 cm. 

Diary kept by one of the sisters at the Hancock, Mass., commu- 
nity. On January 1 she recorded that she "commenced making 
bonnets." Most of the entries have to do with visitors to the 
community, the weather, and Shaker meetings. 
This pocket diary was issued by Denton and Wood of Cam- 
bridgeport, Mass. 



3.A 79 f 



824 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
f ^ [Diary]. 1865-1867. 
'^ I ^0 ' ' 3 vols., bound; 12 cm. 



Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances 197 



This diary was kept by a sister at the Hancock, Mass., commu- 
nity who was a seamstress. The handwriting for entries from 
January to April 3, 1865, does not match that for the rest of 1865, 
for 1866, or for 1867, suggesting that at least two people were 
responsible for the 1865 entries. The entries are not exceptional; 
they record daily activities in a typical Shaker life. 
Diary volumes were issued in Boston by Geo. C. Rand and 
Avery. 

825 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
[Diary]. 1888. 

1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 13 cm. 

Of all the diaries in the collection, this one contains the least 
information. Generally, little if anything is recorded for each 
day. An interesting three pages, beginning at January 25, 
describe the blizzard of '88. 

826 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
Family record. 1829-1877. 
[58] p., bound; 33 cm. 

"The following record contains the names of the [Second] family 
as they now stand, together with the situation and circum- 
stances of the family, to which will be added from time to time 
the most extraordinary changes and overturns that may take 
place." 

Manuscript contains records of people arriving, departing, and 
dying; an account, in diary form, of life in the early 1840s; and 
words of moral guidance. While 1877 is given as the end date, 
not much is entered after 1867. Pages in the center of the vol- 
ume are blank. 

827 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

,y :p qc A record commencing 1860. 1860-1863. 
[56] p., bound; 21 cm. 
CA- MS5 Diary kept by a woman at the Hancock, Mass., community who 
churned butter, did sewing, and made cheese. The entry on 
October 26, 1862, sums up the content of this manuscript: "very 
much the same." 



198 Manuscript Material 



828 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

A record kept of the several meetings held upon Mount Sinai by 
i/ /6^ the family orders on days of the feasts. 1842-1845. 
g ry [4], 100, [18] p., bound; 22 cm. 
o n ' Manuscript volume records events including contact with 

deceased leaders through mediums at worship services in the 
spring of 1843 and 1845 and in the fall of 1842 and 1844. 

829 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

n I r A short sketch of our journey to the east. 1850. 

126, [18] p., bound; 16 cm. 
<A "^^1 Writer's name is not recorded. 
,^ Journey began at Hancock, Mass., on August 17 and continued 

Jt^^f^-^T*^ \\ to other Shaker communities throughout the Northeast. The 
/^T(-*v travelers returned home on October 22. 

^J^l 1^^ j Unnumbered pages at rear contain a list of the names of the 

ministry in the eastern societies in 1850 and a list of the second- 
ary names of communities (e.g., the City of Peace is Hancock, 
Mass.; the Holy Mount is New Lebanon, N.Y.). 



830 Harvard, Mass., Community 

f 



. / w Account of the persecution at Harvard in the year 1825. 

^ ' [Ca. 1825]. 



9 p.; 30 cm. 

Concerns charges brought by local officials against the Shaker 
community at Harvard, Mass., for the mistreatment of Seth Bab- 
bitt, a former deacon who suffered from mental illness after a 
stroke. The Shakers successfully defended themselves in court. 

831 [Hinckley, Barnabas]. 
-^ j^iTf ? [Diary and medical recipe book]. 1836-1847. 
1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 21 cm. 
^i\ \0 n Attribution is based on a note inside the front cover. The diarist 
worked in a garden at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 
Diary records events from May 16, 1836, to January 28, 1837, on 
twenty-three pages. Eight of the pages are devoted to recounting 
a trip that the diarist and five other Shakers made to the Water- 
vliet, N.Y., community in September and October 1836. 



Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances 199 



Medical recipes are recorded at the rear of the manuscript vol- 
ume on twenty-five pages. They were copied into the book in 
1847 and are nothing more than home remedies for common 
maladies. 

832 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 
d , Q A second book copied from Br. Alonzo G. Holister's manu- 
'^^ scripts. 1874. 
^ A ^OS 266, [1] p., bound; 21 cm. 

"This second book copied from Br. Alonzo G. Holister's valuable 
collection will be found well worth reading, as it contains not 
only many of the wise sayings of the First Believers, but visions, 
revelations, biographical sketches, discourses and letters from 
different authors and sources" (p. [1]). 



833 [Journal of a trip from Enfield, Conn., to Shaker communities in 
Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts. Ca. 1875]. 
1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 16 cm. 
_ .- Probably written by one of the sisters from the Enfield, Conn., 
vb'H o ^ community. The trip lasted from August 26 to October 8, some- 

time during the 1870s. The decade was determined from refer- 
ences to industrial machinery used at the Canterbury, N.H., 
community; much of this machinery had been developed during 
the five or ten years following the Civil War. A student of public 
^"■(r' I transportation will be interested in the itinerary, and anyone 

curious about the observations of Shaker visitors to other Shaker 
communities will also be fascinated. The communities visited 
were at Shirley, Mass., Harvard, Mass., Alfred, Maine, Glouces- 
ter, Maine, Enfield, N.H., and Canterbury, N.H. At the end of 
the volume is a hymn with music. 



^ !(,■ 






3ii 



834 Lyon, Benjamin. 

A journal of domestic events / kept by Benjamin Lyon. 1839- 
1847. 
2 , [160] p., bound; 20 x 21 cm. 

Manuscript volume in two parts. The first is a daily record of 
activities and events at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community 



200 Manuscript Material 



from January 1, 1839 to April 5, 1840. The second is a list of pro- 
visions needed to carry on with daily life between 1841 and 
1847. These items range from lamp oil to dung forks, from sand- 
paper to salt. 

835 Martin, Gideon. 

/J _ [Statements against the Shakers]. 1825. 

=P S^^ [4] p.; 34 cm. 

^/\ ^ iftp Statements by Martin, Benjamin Abbott, and Samuel Jones 

highly critical of the conduct of the Shakers. Abbott and Jones 
claim to have known Ann Lee. References are made to Mary 
Dyer's Portraiture of Shakerism (no. 125). 

836 Morrell, Prudence. 

. . Copy of a journal of a visit to the western societies / by Pru- 

-U f2T dence Morrell in 1847. 

.5A'?«2.( 1 p. €., 86 p., bound; 20 cm. 

Eliza Sharp accompanied Morrell on her journey. The journal 
begins on May 18, 1847, when the travelers departed from New 
Lebanon, N.Y., and ends on October 6, 1847, when they 
returned. They visited Union Village, Ohio, and South Union 
and Pleasant Hill, Ky. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

837 My rick, Elisha. 

■^ :^nj,. A diary kept for the use & convenience of the herb department / 
by Elisha Myrick. 1853-1857. 
£A I6IC> [167] p^ bound; 20 cm. 

This diary was kept from January 1, 1853, to June 8, 1857, at the 
Harvard, Mass., community. In it, Myrick details the work that 
was necessary in the herb production industry. 

838 Neale, Sadie. 

// /^^jQ [Reminiscences. Ca. 1930]. 
' [3] p.; 28 cm. 



Diaries, Personal Tlioughts, and Remembrances 201 



General thoughts about living as a Shaker for seventy-five years. 
One of the pages is written on Church family library stationery 
that bears an illustration of a New Lebanon, N.Y., building, 
ca. 1880. 

839 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Account book. 1860-1862. 
[96] p., bound; 25 cm. 

Although the caphon title of this manuscript is "account book," 
the volume is actually devoted to recipes for the extraction of 
herbs as well as being a diary of activities in the New Lebanon, 
N.Y., community and elsewhere. The April 20, 1861, entry is 
instructive: "Emanuel cleaning & painting the engine. Blow off 
the boiler. Receive another load of chestnut coal. Alonzo putting 
up extracts. Add more alcohol to Mandrake. Had fogs, snows, & 
spuzzle nearly all this week — rather pleasant today tho cool. 
These are the beginnings of terrible times. The South in rebel- 
lion. The President issued a proclamation on the 15th calling out 
75,000 militia & probably by this time the number is double. God 
only knows what the result will be of the Civil War now being 
inaugurated. Great & universal excitement." 

From the Church family. 

840 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[A chronicle of a few passing events of interest, and some not 
^ /a 7 much interest, only to the writer]. 1861-1872. 

[193] p., bound; 22 cm. 
oA '^■^1 Supplied title is taken from the first lines of page [1]. Diary cov- 
ers September 1, 1861-February 29, 1872. 

This chronicle offers a good account of the work of a Shaker sis- 
ter. The unidentified diarist cooked, cleaned, washed, made can- 
dles, painted, and did some gardening. She recorded the 
comings and goings of her New Lebanon brothers and sisters 
and their activities at other Shaker communities. 

841 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Diary]. 1841-1847. 

-^ /^-^ [264] p., bound; 21 cm. 



202 Manuscript Material 



Record of events and one individual's activities at New Lebanon, 
N.Y., from March 15, 1841, to November 31, 1847. Although the 
writer is not identified, from the entries it would appear that he 
was a laborer and a member of the Second family. He gathered 
wood and sawed it at the mill, picked apples, husked corn, 
helped to construct buildings, fished, butchered hogs, and 
mowed meadows. 

842 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Diary]. 1881. 

ai\^^' [110] p., bound; 32 cm. 

. , \ Manuscript diary kept by an unnamed sister who worked in the 

-^^'^'^' medicine shop at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, January- 

December 1881. It chronicles a full year's work putting up 
extracts and ointments for the pharmaceurical market and offers 
readers a description of the workaday responsibilities of a Shaker 
woman to her community. 

843 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

jj k'7'/ Journal, commenced January 1st, 1875: Canaan Upper family. 

'^ ' 1875-1887. 

<r A Q fi 177, [89] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Record of the activities of this branch of the New Lebanon, 
N.Y., community. At the beginning of each year is a list of the 
members of the community. 

844 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Journal kept by the deaconesses at the office. 1830-1871. 

^ 5.S7 ^ P-^' ^^' t^^^l P' ^o"^^' 21 cm. 

Manuscript details year-by-year the sort of work performed by 

Ck 0(3 lL 2 *^^^ sisters at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. For example, 

'^--^' o ' ■" in 1856 they made 720 pin cushions, 13 chair mats, and 112 work 

stands; covered 17 children's benches; and cleaned 48 loads of 

roots. Expenses incurred by the sisters are also recorded; not all, 

however, have to do with their activities in production. 

845 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

A journal of the various literary attempts of the Church family 
'i' / HO beginning June 21, 1880. 1880-1898. 



Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances 203 



[35] p., bound; 22 cm. 

Records the activities of a study group that was interested in his- 
tory, literature, and current events. Nothing appears for the 
years 1881-1883 or 1889-1897. 

846 Pelham, Richard W. 

A sketch of the life and religious experience of Richard W. Pel- 
-^ /V5 ham. 1862. 

^^ [2], 112, [3], 51, [15], [6] p., bound; 20 cm. 
^ ' In addition to Elder Pelham's narrative, this volume contains a 

biographical account of Rhoda Blake, which "began to be written 
in 1864." This suggests that while Pelham dated his sketch 1862 
it was copied at a later date into this volume. 
Final group of unnumbered pages contains hymns. 

847 [Record of housekeeping and clothesmaking activities]. 1854- 
1855. 

=^3^7 1^; 23 cm. 

Activities recorded date from Christmas Day 1854 through the 
S /^ fOCS third week of March 1855. In summary form, a typical entry 

reads: "Feb. . . . 2nd week. Washed and ironed, mended breth- 
rens clothes and made pickle for sale." There is no indication of 
a community or the name of the person performing the duties. 

848 [A record of work done by Shaker sisters]. 1864-1876. 
[40] p., bound; 14 cm. 

3 7/ Early pages record the kinds of work done by the sisters, such 
as making applesauce, putting up tomatoes, filling seed bags, 
of) I 00^ gj^jj making cheese. The following pages have to do with the 
kinds of products that Shaker women made for sale. The con- 
cluding pages concern the knitting of stockings and bear the 
initials of female Shaker residents of the community. Unfortu- 
nately, the community is not named. 



i^ lis 



849 Shirley, Mass., Community. 

[Extracts from the church records. Ca. 1925]. 
[3] p.; 24 cm. 



204 Manuscript Material 



Early twentieth-century copy of extracts from church records 
dated January 1, 8, and 9, 1843. Some of the comments are 
about local "Indians" who attended a Shaker religious service. 



rl//3f 



850 Stewart, Philemon. 
A brief weekly journal / kept by Philemon Stewart. 1870-1874. 
144 p., bound; 33 cm. 

e: f\ rt -I (r, . I " • • ■ for noting and collecting past incidents of his life, both of 
'^ a spiritual and physical respecting himself mostly, and as this 

was one of his account books the three years he was at Poland, 
Main and he has no use for it in that line now in order to save 
the paper, he now takes it for the above purpose." 
Stewart comments about the weather, his work, and how he is 
treated by the rest of the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, and 
ruminates about the direction Shaker life was taking. 

851 Storer, Wealthy. 
J4- /5j^ [Diary]. 1846-1854. 

116, [33] p., bound; 22 cm. 
^A iS'^ Record of activity at Hancock and Tyringham, Mass., from 

February 7, 1846, to April 3, 1854. 



^ IC^ 



852 Storer, Wealthy. 

A record of a visit made by the ministry at the City of Peace to 
Holy Mount, June 23rd, 1844. 



Storer records what happened during a visit made by residents 
of Hancock, Mass., to their counterparts at New Lebanon, N.Y. 
Laid in at rear is an eight-page address delivered by Benjamin 
Gates on June 30, 1842. 

853 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
■■.^' , qr> Journal for 1891. 

124 p., bound; 27 cm. 

Manuscript records the activities and thoughts of one of the sis- 
ters who was a seamstress. 

While there are 124 numbered pages in this volume, only 20 
contain entries. Dates covered are January 1-July 13, 1891. 



Diaries, Personal Thoughts, and Remembrances 205 



854 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

A journal kept by the deaconesses of the Church family at Water- 
^ /'?"7 vliet: commencing Sept. 1, 1866. 1866-1870. 
^^j 1 p.e., [252] p., bound; 20 cm. 
>" This daily account of activities at the Watervliet, N.Y., commu- 

nity ends December 31, 1870. 

855 Wheaton, Deborah. 

ji j '/^ Testimony of Deborah Wheaton & Ana Davis. [Ca. 1810]. 
[2] p.; 32 cm. 

*^ s "^ / Manuscript describes the conduct of Henry Baker, whose activi- 
ties threatened the well-being of some Shakers and of the New 
Lebanon, N.Y., community. Baker had come to the community 
with his father, Morrel Baker, and over the years had become 
disgruntled with the life there. He threatened to burn buildings 
and the covenant and often appeared intoxicated. 

856 Wood, Jonathan. 

^ ^Sl ^ ^^^ words from Jonathan Wood concerning his faith in the 
gospel. [Ca. 1850]. 

s/| /ryqc: [4] P; 33 cm. 

'" 'C7i^ Xhis Hancock, Mass., resident, born in 1791, recounts his train- 
ing as a Shaker and, through this testimony, reinforces his 
acceptance of and adherence to the Shaker lifestyle. The testi- 
mony probably was given toward the middle of the nineteenth 
century. 

857 [Wright, Grove]. 

Ij [Diary]. 1818-1860. 

■^ '"^-^ [58] p., bound; 21 cm. 
. 'Y 5 -N Although the attribution is uncertain, internal evidence suggests 

that the keeper of this diary of events at the Hancock, Mass., 

Shaker community was Wright. 



858 Wright, Lucy. 

Mother's last visit to Watervliet. 1821. 
[8] p., bound; 20 cm. 






206 Manuscript Material 



Concerns the activities of Mother Lucy between January 10, 
when she arrived at Watervliet, N.Y., and February 7, 1821, 
when she died. 

859 Youngs, Benjamin Seth. 
^ [Diary]. 1805. 

' 298, [4] p., bound; 16 cm. 

e K Qj£ Manuscript documents the trip west taken by Youngs, John 

Meacham, and Issachar Bates in an effort to expand Shakerism. 
They left from New Lebanon, N.Y. 

860 Youngs, Benjamin Seth. 

j/ ^^ A journey to the Indians, Miami near Lebanon, Ohio, 3d month, 

1807. 
Sf\l^l 62 p., bound; 16 cm. 

Youngs recounts his discussions with Indians about religion. 

Laid in at rear is a four-page account of a visit to West Union, 

Ind., made in 1822. 

861 Youngs, Isaac Newton. 

,, A concise view of the church of God and of Christ on earth: 

f'*—^ having its foundation in the faith of Christ's first and second 

rji -1/ iJ appearing. New Lebanon, 1856. 1860. 

^" ^^ ' [4], 516, [5], [4] p., bound; 21 cm. 

This manuscript presents one individual's recollections of Shaker 
events since the founding of the order. Some chapters relate to 
Shaker industries and crafts. 

Final group of pages is an appendix tipped in at the rear of the 
volume. It contains a list of "Casualties among Believers," 
including deaths, fires, drownings, suicides, floods, and what 
are called woundings. The casualties occurred at many Shaker 
communities between 1797 and 1853. 



^3(:ic 



Schooling 



862 Barber, Elijah. 

[Reward of merit. Ca. 1840]. 
U.: ill.; 11 X 18 cm. 
vSA \'^ ' Manuscript contains an illustration of a summer scene and 

another of a winter scene. The text reads: "The bearer Mr. Elijah 
Barber receives this as a token of the praise he merits for his 
faithfulness and good behavior in school from his teacher." 



863 DeWitt, George. 
•4^ Sdl George DeWitt's cyphering book. 1816. 
[46] p., bound; 33 cm. 
tSA ^^w DeWitt resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

Cover reveals that the volume was sold by Samuel Wood of 
New York. Illustrations on the cover are from Scudder's 
Museum, New York, N.Y. 



^^r 



864 Industries of early Shakers. [19 — ]. 
[5] p.; 25 cm. 

Presumably written by a Shaker schoolchild, this essay concerns 
C 7) ihii-l handicrafts, especially basketmaking, at the Sabbathday Lake, 
Maine, community. It was written shortly after the introduction 
of electricity to the community. 



865 M., Wealtha. 

-^ ^ lO Teacher's testimonial: New Lebanon. 1853. 
U.) 17 cm. 

S>n iH^' I "This certifies that my good scholar Wealtha M. by her exem- 
plary conduct, diligent attention to her studies, and honorable 
advancement in knowledge . . . merits the approbation, love. 



207 



208 Manuscript Material 



and blessing of all who know her." Signed by Polly Reed, the 
instructor. 

866 Manning, Eliza Maria. 

[A selection of maxims, instructive lessons, songs, and defini- 
=^v5^f tions]. 1853. 

< A <7i/7 46 p., bound; 13 cm. 

Owner of this copybook lived at the New Lebanon, N.Y., 

community. 

867 Neale, Emma. 

New Lebanon Shaker school, district no. 12, department no. 1: 
■^ 3 / <5 attendance and recitations of Emma Neal commencing May 6, 

1861. 

U'.; 26 cm. 
Report card showing that Neale did very good work. 



5/y^*^^ 



868 Neale, Emma. 
i, _^ New Lebanon Shaker school, district no. 12, department no. 1: 

^"* attendance and recitations of Emma J. Neal commencing 

^jt^ ^t(S'. ; June 17, 1861. 
U.; 26 cm. 

Like her last month's card (no. 867), Neale's June report card 
also shows that she did ver)' good work. 



=^^ It 



869 Park, Amelia. 
National school diary for Mt. Lebanon School. 1903. 
[28] p., bound; 18 cm. 

CK^t^Q Weekly record of Park's school grades. It was published by A. S. 

Barnes and Company of New York City and Chicago and con- 
tains advertisements for the firm's other educational materials as 
well. 

870 Rice, Mary Ann. 

Improper expressions . . . corrected. 1842. 
^3<'» [4] p.; 33 cm. 

caQ lLA Schoolgirl's exercise in the proper use of the English language. 

Rice lived at New Lebanon, N.Y., as part of the Second family. 



Schooling 209 



871 Smith, Jane Emily. 

[Collection of materials relating to a teaching career]. 1849-1890. 
-H 5 ^1 7 82 items; 7-32 cm. 
-) 2C Smith, a New Lebanon, N.Y., resident and member of the Sec- 
* j-V ond family, had been put in charge of juveniles by 1850 and 

' soon thereafter was assigned schoolroom teaching duties. 

Among these papers are certificates issued by Columbia County, 
N.Y., giving her official permission to teach. Most of these man- 
uscripts date from the 1860s and 1870s. They are for the most 
part unrevealing but polite letters, both to and from Smith, as 
well as copies of Shaker poetry and songs. 



872 Wells, Seth Youngs. 
■^ -i.(3 [^ circular address to the Society at Watervliet, N.Y., concerning 
the education of children]. 1832. 
6A 1 S I 2 items; 21-33 cm. 

Collection contains two copies of this address. Supplied title is 
taken from a note at the end of the smaller one. 



Hymnbooks 



873 Ayres, Mary Ann. 

jj ir^ [Hymnbook]. 1875-1886. 

"^ 289, [4] p., bound; 20 cm. 

^->A 1 1 /-^ Compiler resided in the Watervliet, N.Y., community. 

874 Babcock, Emily. 

u ^ri<s [Hymnbook]. 1838-1843. 

^'^ 275 p., bound; 18 cm. 

3/\ ' ' '^ Compiler resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 



875 Barrett, Andrew. 
•^^11 [Hymnbook]. 1867-1869. 

218, [20] p., bound; 18 cm. 
o/) 1 1 n^ Includes index. 

Compiler resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

876 Buckingham, D. A. 

II _ D. A. Buckingham's book: divided into two parts, the first con- 

=ff ci^o taining a selection of hymns not calculated for common use, and 
cA 1 1 / the second a variety of poetical pieces well adapted for the use 

of divine worship, &c. 1830. 
[50] p., bound; 20 cm. 
Compiler resided at the Watervliet, N.Y., community. 

877 [Collection of miscellaneous hymns. 18 — ]. 
d r-^-,- 5 items; 12-31 cm. 

-^^^ Three of the five hymns are dated (1855, 1871, and 1879), two 
^/) / / f^ include the name of the writer (Phebe[ ] and Arvilla Morri- 

son), and all but one have musical notations. 

210 



Hi/ninhooks 217 



878 Crosman, Daniel. 

Hymns & anthems / written by Daniel Crosman; commenced 
^ fi<c A. D. 1848. 1848-1876. 

[12], 214, [36] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Table of contents lists the hymns through page 212. 

Sometime after this volume was used as a hymnal it came into 

the possession of Andrew Reed, a New Lebanon, N.Y., resident. 

He used several of the forty-seven blank leaves that follow the 

hymns to record various financial transactions of which he was a 

part. 

Cutler, Sarah. 

Expressions of praise in songs and anthems / written by Sarah 

Cutler. 1869-1874. 

1 p.€., 104 p., bound; 20 cm. 

Composer was a member of the Groveland, N.Y., Shaker 

community. 

Pages 105-224 are blank. 

880 Dalton, John C. 
[Hymnbookj. 1841-1847. 
9 p.e., 10, [107] p., bound; 15 cm. 

Manuscript volume was once owned by William O. Goss of New 
Lebanon, N.Y. 

While the hymns recorded date from the 1840s, this volume was 
in use and perhaps was written during the 1890s. 

881 DeWitt, Caty. 
A collection of hymns and spiritual songs improved in our wor- 
ship: New Lebanon, February 16th, 1834 / Caty DeWitt 1834- 
1841. 

[6], 163, [1] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that acts as an index to the hymns. 

882 DeWitt, Henry. 

^ w ^ / ^ collection of songs of various kinds: written and pricked for 
^ f*> the purpose of retaining them / by Henry DeWitt. 1837-1863. 
^k niLJ 302 p., bound; 20 cm. 

/-n /> ^'^cireco<i 

^A WW ' J 



212 Manuscript Material 



About three hundred blank pages follow the songs in this 

volume. 

DeWitt's manuscript was consulted by Mary Hazard when she 

compiled her hymnal. (See no. 894.) 

Manuscript volume was written at the New Lebanon, N.Y., 

community. 

883 Dixon, Mary. 

A collection of hymns improved in the sacred worship of Believ- 
^ T'f ^ ers in Christ's Second Appearing / copied by Mary Dixon. 1847- 

1870. 

[14], 310, [9] p., bound; 17 cm. 
Table of contents covers hymns through page 239. 
Dixon resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 



5Ai'^' 



o 



884 Dixon, Mary. 

id\S^C [Hymnbook]. 1849-1858. 

^g [418] p., bound; 16 cm. 
*~^" From spine: Minstrels guide, vol. 1, August ad., 1849, Mary 

Dixon. 

885 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

. // [Elder Nathaniel's funeral hymns and Mother Dana's funeral 
^ ^'^ hymn. Ca. 1835]. 

.^ A I I ^'"^ [^1 P-' bound; 18 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from the caption at the beginning of each 
of the two sections of this manuscript hymnal. 

886 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
[Hymnbook]. 1851-1856. 

^ f^5 193 p., bound; 20 cm. 

Manuscript volume containing the words to the hymns but not 
-^/^ / 1 ^ I their music. It includes a detailed table of contents. Pasted on 

the first nine pages are newspaper clippings, ca. 1898, concern- 
ing persons and ships involved in the Spanish-American War. 

887 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
[Hymnbook]. 1852-1865. 

4^ If IS 200 p., bound; 20 cm. 



Hymnhooks 213 



888 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

^ ^^, J [Hymnbook]. 1866-1881. 

' ^^ 272 p., bound; 21 cm. 

OA+ "^ ' ■ On spine: Sacred hymns, 1866. 



889 Hancock, Mass., Community. 



-^^(f 2. 



[Hymnbook]. 1867-1872. 
, ^ no, [2] p., bound; 20 cm. 
on " Hymnal may have once belonged to Emoretta Belden. 

Thirty blank leaves follow the hymns. 



890 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
[Hymnbook]. 1883-1913. 

J/ dfph [43] p., bound; 19 cm. 

Eighty-three blank leaves follow the pages that have writing on 
Sh 1'^'-^' them. 

Final eleven pages contain reflections on a Shaker life by 
M. J. A., who was in all likelihood Martha Jane Anderson. 
Anderson resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, 
where this manuscript hymnal may actually have been kept. 

891 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

,^n A selection of hymns and poems. 1842. 
^ ^ [2], 30, [5] p., bound; 16 x 20 cm. 

SA Id^l Material in this manuscript volume originated in the various 
Shaker communities of the eastern United States. 

892 Harvard, Mass., Community. 
^ ^ -J [Hymnbook]. 1841-1851. 

,cL [30^1 P' bound; 18 cm. 
Sn ' ^ *-* Contains many marches. 

893 Hazard, Mary. 

A collection of extra songs of various kinds / written and pricked 
■ti ilG -^ for the purpose of retaining them by Mary Hazzard; beginning 
February 7th, 1847. 1847-1856. 
SA \\2>^ 8 p. ^., 249 p., bound; 18 cm. 

Hazard resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 



214 Manuscript Material 



894 Hazard, Mary. 

A collection of hymns and spiritual songs: composed by the Mil- 

jj. lennial Church / copied by Mary Hazard. 1832-1868. 

t7^ 311, [16] p., bound; 20 cm. 

. 1 Table of contents acts as an index to the hymnal. 

o n Manuscript volume was assembled by more than one recorder. 

On the final page, one of them wrote: "This is the most valuable 
compend of Shakers written hymns within the dates -32 to -68 
that I could find in the little collection at the Chh. library at N. 
Le. Among those seen were Isaac N. Youngs whose book I 
examined closely and Henry DeWitt's, but neither were as com- 
plete in number nor did they pay much attention to authors or 
place of origin. Their music must have been correct as they were 
teacher of music." 
See also no. 882. 



895 Hazard, Mary. 

-/-(' ^t^ ^ collection of marches and labouring tunes / written by Mary 

'^ ^ Hazard; beginning July 17th, 1858. 1858-1867. 

S A / 1 ^1 3 p.e., 356 p., bound; 18 cm. 



896 Hazard, Mary. 

A collection of songs of various kinds: written & pricked for the 
^ TO / purpose of retaining them / by Mary Hazard; beginning 

June 16th, 1839. 
^ j\ I I I ^ [7], 214, [8] p., bound: ill.; 14 cm. 

Includes a table of contents at the beginning and end of the 

volume. 

Manuscript contains heart drawings on pages 191 and 192 and 

comments, sometimes lengthy, on the origins of the songs. 



897 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 

Hymn book no. 2nd. / written by A. G. Hollister. 1851. 
[14], 240 p., bound; 18 cm. 
c p. 1 1 •-/ ^ Includes a table of contents at the front of the volume. 

Hollister resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 



diSo^ 



Hymnbooks 215 



898 Hollister, Alonzo Giles. 
[Hymnbook]. 1852-1878. 
[10], 203, [3] p., bound; 18 cm. 

Index begins at the front and is continued at the back of the 
volume. 

"I began this book, for reasons I do not remember, gave it to 
Andrew B., a youth of 16. I felt dissatisfied with his treatment of 
the book, & he returned it to me, & I finisht it out, thinking it 
too good & nice a book to throw away, or to spoil by deface- 
ment. The selection of songs, I think exceedingly choice" 
(p. 121). 

Hollister, Henry. 

A collection of songs / written by Henry Hollister. 1853-1857. 

[318] p., bound; 13 x 14 cm. 

900 [Hymnbook]. 1834. 
[6], 82 p., bound; 16 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that is referred to as an index. 
There is no evidence in this hymnbook to suggest the name of 
the compiler or a location for him. 

901 [Hymnbook. Ca. 1840]. 
[200] p., bound; 20 cm. 

Includes a partial index, arranged by first lines, at the front of 
the book. This index points to the loss of at least twenty-five 
pages from the beginning of the volume, since it refers to hymns 
that do not appear. At the end of the volume is a more complete 
index by first lines, but it lacks page citations. The second index 
was in process when the volume was laid aside. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest either 
the name of the compiler or his residence. 

902 [Hymnbook]. 1840-1856. 
[102] p., bound; 18 cm. 
There is no evidence in this hymnbook to suggest the name of 

Q I the compiler or a locaHon for him. 





903 


Ms^c 


SA 


/l?3 




904 


-J-' 


Jjl^^ 


6A 


uoi 



-a 



216 Manuscript Material 



[Hymnbook]. 1842. 

[46] p., bound; 18 cm. 

There is no evidence in this hymnbook to suggest the name of 

the compiler or a location for him. 

[Hymnbook. Ca. 1844]. 

[107] p., bound; 18 cm. 

Only one hymn is dated. The volume may have been put 

together at a later date or when the hymn was received. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 

name of the compiler or his residence. 

905 [Hymnbook. Ca. 1845]. 
^ . [4], 160 p., bound; 17 cm. 
'^w>«- Includes a table of contents. 

< A 13^03 Manuscript volume may have once belonged to Mary Jane 

Sherer, whose name is written on an end page. Otherwise, there 
is nothing that records the compiler's name or place of 
residence. 

906 [Hymnbook]. 1846-1853. 
206, [1] p., bound; 18 cm. 

U S^\ The eight blank leaves preceding the hymns and the fifty-nine 
. , on following suggest that this hymnal was not completed. Presum- 
-^'^ ably, a title page, table of contents, and more hymns were 

planned. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
name of the compiler or his place of residence. 

907 [Hymnbook]. 1846-1858. 
JJri/^ [250] p., 30€., [34] p., bound; 18 cm. 

Includes two indexes organized by first lines, one for marches 
C^ A 112^ ^^^ '^he other for round dances. 

Arrangement of this volume, with blank leaves between hymns, 
an allowance for but no title page, and separated indexes, sug- 
gests that the compiler did not complete his work. 
There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
name of the compiler or his place of residence. 



Hymnbooks 217 



[Hymnbook]. 1851-1868. 

[112] p., bound; 18 cm. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 

name of the compiler or his residence. 

[Hymnbook]. 1857-1863. 

120, [4] p., bound; 22 cm. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 

name of the compiler or his place of residence. 

910 [Hymnbook. Ca. I860]. 
130, [12] p., bound; 19 cm. 
Contains a table of contents at rear. 

Much of the book is difficult to read due to the fading of the ink. 
The name Susannah Conway is written on one of the end 
leaves, upside down, suggesting that she once owned this hym- 
nal. Otherwise, there is no evidence concerning the compiler or 
the compiler's place of residence. 

911 [Hymnbook]. 1862-1863. 
32, [1] p., bound; 20 cm. 
Fifty-five blank leaves follow the last hymn. 
There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
name of the compiler. His residence, however, was near Albany, 
N.Y., where the blank book was purchased. 

912 [Hymnbook]. 1863-1868. 

[12], 190, [16] p., bound; 18 cm. 
"^■^ ~' Includes a table of contents arranged by first lines. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
name of the compiler or his residence. 



:a n'! 



913 [Hymnbook]. 1868-1879. 
[44] p., bound; 20 cm. 
Thirty-four blank leaves follow the last hymn. 

1 1 Cj ^ Evidence in this volume to suggest the compiler and his resi- 
dence is scant. The name Semantha has been stamped into the 



218 Manuscript Material 



front cover, and the blank volume was purchased in Albany, 

N.Y. 

914 [Hymnbook]. 1868-1880. 
^^^^ [171] p., bound; 18 cm. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
Ci/> I cl.C'l name of the compiler or his residence. 

915 [Hymnbook]. 1869-1872. 
n n ■ 27, [33] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Forty-two blank leaves follow the last hymn. 
^Pi / I^IC There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
name of the compiler or his place of residence. 

916 [Hymnbook. Ca. 1870]. 
[81] p., bound; 17 cm. 

S 10 Hymns occupy only about one-half of the volume; there are 
<^ A . . /-- forty-two blank leaves following the last hymn. Three of the 
hymns are recorded with musical notation. 
There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
name of the compiler or his residence. 

917 [Hymnbook]. 1871-1872. 
^ _j-,, [195] p., bound; 20 cm. 

"^ There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
Ch n Cj£ name of the compiler. His residence, however, was near Albany, 
N.Y., where the book was bound. 

918 [Hymnbook]. 1875-1888. 
y, [52] p., bound; 21 cm. 

- ^vS^ y Some of the hymns appear with notes on staffs. 
Thirty-one blank leaves follow the last hymn. 
n I In There is no evidence in this volume to suggest the name of the 
compiler or his residence. 

919 [Hymnbook. Ca. 1876]. 

J, [5], 244, [13] p., bound; 21 cm. 



Hymnhooks 219 



Most of the hymns in this manuscript volume were written for 
or sung at Shaker funerals, 1813-1876. 

There is no evidence in this hymnbook to suggest either the 
name of the compiler or his residence. 

920 [Hymnbook]. 1882-1893. 
^ cy [145] p., bound; 20 cm. 

Forty-seven blank leaves follow the last hymn. 
)A ll^^ Blank volume was purchased in Albany, N.Y., suggesting that 
the compiler resided in a nearby Shaker community, perhaps 
Watervliet, N.Y. Handwriting on the front cover may record the 
name of the compiler: Golden treasury [unreadable first name] 
LeRoux. 

921 Hymns and songs for the Boston meeting to be held Dec. 27th, 
^^rr 28th, & 29th, 1869. 

^^"^ 19, [12] p., bound; 19 cm. 
S A 1 1^3 Caption title. 

Compiler and his place of residence are not noted. 

922 Index of hymns in our little publication firstly entitled "The 
Shaker," secondly "Shaker and Shakeress," at this present time 

3^ Jl. "Shaker manifesto": music commencing December 1871. 1871- 
1883. 

< A lA5r) t"^^] P' t>ound; 11 x 20 cm. 

Only eighteen of the pages have anything written on them. The 
periodical is indexed from 1871 to 1883 for references to Shaker 
music and hymns. 

923 Jacobs, Clarissa. 

A collection of sacred songs: used in our general worship / writ- 
^ ^^ Zl. ten and transcribed by Clarissa Jacobs; beginning August 1847. 
1847-1848. 
dA IIBd 6 p.^., 240, [6] p., bound; 18 cm. 

Jacobs resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

924 Jacobs, Lucy. 

A collection of hymns from various authors / selected and tran- 
^ 'i^^ scribed by Lucy Jacobs. 1848-1865. 





925 


^ 


5-37 


SA 


nil 




926 


M 


S^i 


SA 


/Hi 



220 Manuscript Material 



[5], 196 p., bound; 17 cm. 

Table of contents covers hymns through page 29. 

Larkin, Eva Violet. 

[Hymnbook. Ca. 1884]. 

[50] p., bound; 19 cm. 

Compiler resided at the Watervliet, N.Y., community. 

[Larkin, Eva Violet]. 
[Hymnbook. Ca. 1885]. 
100 p., 82€., [4] p., bound; 20 cm. 

Table of contents appears at the end of the volume on four 
unnumbered pages following eighty-two blank leaves. This sug- 
gests that the volume was intended to contain more hymns. 
Attribution is uncertain and based on the similarity of this vol- 
ume's handwriting to that of other hymnals credited to Larkin. 
The date is approximate, falling in the middle of Larkin's work. 
At any rate, the volume did come from the Watervliet, N.Y., 
community. 

927 Larkin, Eva Violet. 

■^ ^^2 Inspirational songs / copied by E. V. Larkin, 1895, for Elder Isaac 
Anstatt. 
^J\ nilp 152 p., bound; 25 cm. 

Table of contents is divided into three sections: slow marches, 

extra songs, and common marches. 

Compiler resided at the Watervliet, N.Y., community. 

928 Larkin, Eva Violet. 

Inspirational songs: no. 1 / Eva Violet Larkin. 1880. 
"^•^^1 120, [6] p., bound; 22 cm. 

SA //?£• Cover title. 

Table of contents in this volume serves as an index arranged by 
the first lines of the hymns. Following the table of contents is 
the note: "60 entry songs, 47 slow marches, 38 common 
marches, 7 dances, 5 shuffles, 157 [total]." 
Compiler resided at the Watervliet, N.Y., community. 



Hymnbooks 221 



£A nio 



929 Lomas, George Albert. 
n ^5 Geo. Albert's song book. 1867-1869. 
^ 104, [80] p., bound; 19 cm. 

Compiler resided at the Watervliet, N.Y., community. 

Lovegrove, Elizabeth. 

A collection of hymns selected from different parts; improved in 

our general worship / written by Elizabeth Lovegrove. 1822. 

[10], 98 p.; 16 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that acts as an index to the volume. 

Compiler was from the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

931 [McNemar, Richard]. 
[A robber hymn. Ca. 1809]. 
U.) 24 cm. 

This hymn is thought to have been composed by McNemar and 
probably is in his handwriting. It describes an actual event at 
Union Village, Ohio, when the Shakers' quarters were broken 
into and robbed. The thieves got six dollars, a fact that the hymn 
does not record. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

932 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

. A collection of hymns and spiritual songs improved in our gen- 

^ yVi, eral worship. 1830-1848. 
. X ^.. [8], 99, [30] p., bound; 19 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that lists the hymns on the first 

thirty-seven pages of this manuscript volume. 

933 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
.-^. // [Hymnbook]. 1822. 

[4], 186, [2] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that begins at the front of the vol- 
ume and carries over to the rear, and which acts as an index to 
the volume. 



Ill Manuscript Material 



934 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
j^ ^^. [Hymnbook]. 1829-1867. 

^^ [12], 127, [7] p., bound; 18 cm. 

SA H-3l9 Includes a table of contents. 

Hymns are in the Shaker shorthand. 
Eighty-one blank leaves follow the last hymn. 

935 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
3^V^\-.,. [Hymnbook]. 1835-1839. 

184 p., bound; 17 cm. 
^A /f^o There are two parts to this volume. The first, pages 1 through 
25, consists of hymns from, perhaps, the Union Village, Ohio, 
Shaker community. The second occupies the rest of the volume 
and has a table of contents for its 109 hymns. 

936 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^ i^ ■; Y [Hymnbook]. 1837-1869. 

340, [52] p., bound; 18 cm. 
^A 1 1 1 S Includes an index on the first twenty-three unnumbered pages. 
The index refers to music in the hymnal as marches, dances, and 
extras. 

937 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
dif ^/'W'-i [Hymnbook]. 1840. 

[4], 145, [7] p., bound; 16 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that serves as an index to this manu- 
script volume. 



SA II a^^. 



938 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
J^ SSljP [Hymnbook. Ca. 1841]. 

^/^ / lS9 [30] p., bound; 19 cm. 

939 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
n jypr [Hymnbook]. 1842-1872. 

1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 18 cm. 
S 4 //-i."^ Volume was probably compiled at two different times. The first 
portion contains hymns dated 1842, while the second has hymns 
dated 1872. The compiler intended to include a title page and a 



Hymnbooks 223 



table of contents, judging from the presence of these headings 
lightly penciled in on two pages at the beginning of the volume. 
Hymns appear on only 86 of the volume's 226 pages. 

940 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Hymnbook. Ca. 1843]. 



SJ^ n^' 



^^^'^ , [21] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Following the hymns are eleven blank pages. 

Hymns were copied into a writing book manufactured and sold 

by Spalding and Storrs of Hartford, Conn. 



941 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community, 
r. /,^'. [Hymnbook]. 1843-1853. 

' ' ^ 210, [6] p., bound; 12 cm. 
■^A //oi>J Manuscript volume contains dance tunes. 
Thirty-four blank leaves follow the hymns. 

942 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
jjjqcr [Hymnbook]. 1845-1869. 

^' 192, [6] p., bound; 19 cm. 
S,k ) 1 23 Table of contents covers hymns through page 118. 

Volume lacks pages 17-32, 35-46, 82-93, U4-U7. Some paging 
is irregular. 

943 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^^f7 [Hymnbook]. 1848-1871. 

' ' [8], 84 p., 66L, [14] p., bound; 18 cm. 
•SA I ] -25 Table of contents covers hymns through page 71. The final 

group of pages contains compositions that have to do with "spir- 
itual warfare" at the Union Village, Ohio, community in 1815. 

944 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
'o c > [Hymnbook]. 1850-1868. 

. "" . ^ 234 p., bound; 18 x 22 cm. 

/ Includes a twenty-four-page index of first lines laid in at rear. 

945 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
=^ Sd6> [Hymnbook]. 1854-1874. 

^ , 93 p., 87/;., [6] p., bound; 11 x 20 cm. 



224 Manuscript Material 



One-page table of contents appears following eighty-seven blank 
leaves; it refers to the sixteen hymns on pages 1-62. 

946 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Hymnbook]. 1855. 
'^^\5^3' [8], 47 p., bound; 18 cm. 
'A fi^i It is not unreasonable to conclude that the unnamed compiler of 

this hymnal planned to continue recording hymns, since 126 

blank leaves appear after the last hymn and 7 pages remain 

blank in the table of contents. 



947 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
-dJ Sci [Hymnbook]. 1855-1861. 

■^ A I liJ-L ^^^ P' bound; 18 cm. 

948 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
JJj- - [Hymnbook]. 1860-1862. 

</^ // 4S ^^^^^ P' ^^^^'^' ^^ ^"^• 

949 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^ _ [Hymnbook. Ca. 1870]. 

^ 6 ^6 1 ^x., 19 p., bound; 19 cm. 

■^^ ^ 1 1 (fi*-( Table of contents records the hymns by their first lines. 
Seventeen blank pages follow the hymns. 

950 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
"^ £(4 [Hymnbook]. 1870-1879. 



^f^ ll£x 



[234] p., bound; 20 cm. 



951 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
J [Hymnbook]. 1873-1883. 

"^Z^" 69^ [170] p., bound; 20 cm. 
-^A //SS It is somewhat difficult to separate one hymn from another in 
this manuscript volume. Titles do not appear, and one hymn 
leads into the next. 



Hymnbooks 225 



952 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^S/u. [Hymnbook]. 1877-1881. 

^A n^' 289, [3] p., bound; 20 cm. 
Includes index. 

953 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
■J/ S^jJ [Hymnbook. Ca. 1880]. 

.,. [29] p., bound; 20 cm. 
" Eighty-four blank leaves follow the recorded pagination. 

954 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
.^. [Hymnbook. Ca. 1880]. 

^ ' \ vol. (various pagings), bound; 18 x 28 cm. 
.,^/i I l(cS Volume originally had in excess of one hundred fifty pages; 
many have been cut out, leaving about sixty. In addition, this 
volume was supposed to have been used both from front to back 
and, turned around and upside down, from back to front. One 
cover title is "Songs," and the other cover title is "Hymns." On 
some of the pages Dr. Andrews has written comments about 
Shaker music and has recorded, on staffs with notes and words. 
Shaker songs from other sources. 

955 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
dUS^' [Hymnbook. Ca. 1880-1920]. 

2 p.€., [19] p., bound; 20 cm. 
SA U^l Eighty-six blank leaves follow the recorded pagination. 

Volume consists of two parts. The first is a series of hymns; the 
second is a series of questions and answers about the Bible. 

956 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^^/" [Hymnbook]. 1882-1888. 

286, [17] p., bound; 20 cm. 
\S^I / /■SS Index is tipped in at rear. 






957 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Hymnbook. Ca. 1893]. 
228, [11] p., bound; 20 cm. 



//63 



226 Manuscript Material 



Includes an index and a list of the names of some of the 
"Believer Indian spirits." 

958 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
_^ ^ / c7 [Hymns and programs. Ca. 1900]. 

5 items; 7-34 cm. 
^^ 1 1 ■51, I - Only one item in this group of five can be identified by date, a 
list of songs and readings from the funeral of Elizabeth Copley 
held on February 5, 1899. Three of the other four items are pre- 
sumably from the same general time period. The fourth is a 
poem called "Our thanks," written in the hand of E. D. 
Andrews. He notes that he copied the poem from the back of a 
packet of dwarf sugar pea seeds from the Shakers' New Leba- 
non, N.Y., seed business. 

959 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ A/ . Indian songs: given during the present manifestation of the 

native spirits gathered to the Shaker order in spirit life. 1893. 
^£A n e>&> 125 p., bound; 18 cm. 

Length of this manuscript volume is a combination of pages and 
leaves. 

Includes a list of the names of some of the "Believer Indian Spir- 
its." Some of the hymns are written in an unnamed Indian 
language. 

960 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
-^Ks// Love song. [Ca. 1900]. 

[2] p.; 13 X 21 cm. 
-S/4 / /6 ^ Shaker song of five lines, presumably an early draft. 

961 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

4=^^Sc' ' ^ miscellaneous collection of spiritual songs of various dates and 

origin: First Order, New Lebanon. 1854-1860. 
^A //^i" 13 p.f., 110 p., bound; 18 cm. 

Seventy-three blank leaves follow the last hymn. 

962 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ SoiSi ^ Shaker festival entitled Mother Ann's day: told in dialogue 
and song, August 6th, 1916. 
SA KCC 



Hymnbooks 227 



30€., bound; 28 cm. 

Written and presented to commemorate the 142d anniversary of 
the arrival of Ann Lee in America, this typescript reviews her 
life and attempts to show how her experiences led to her leader- 
ship of the Shaker movement. 
Script once belonged to Eldress Sarah Burger. 
From the North family. 

New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Songs of various kinds & proper scratch book. 1838-1839. 

[311] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Caption title. 

This manuscript hymnal includes an index to the last one-third 

of the volume. "No contents to the first part of this book. I don't 

know what to do about writing this book all over." 

964 Offord, Ann. 

J. . , A collection of spiritual songs: containing sentiments expressive 
of the feelings of those who worship God in the beauty of holi- 
>^^ ' 1^ I ness / selected and transcribed by Ann Offord. 1870-1873. 
224 p., bound; 20 cm. 
Compiler resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

965 Pepper, Henry. 
[Hymnbook with poetry and recipes]. 1852. 
[152] p., bound; 14 cm. 

Only twenty-three pages have any handwriting; three contain 
food recipes, twenty poetry and hymns. 

At one time Pepper's address was Weehauken, Hudson County, 
N.J. 

966 Rathbone, Lucy. 
^^H-^ [Hymnbook. Ca. 1845]. 

sS^ //<?a. [68] p., bound; 19 cm. 

967 Rude, Hiram. 

A collection of anthems given by the revelation and gift of God 
■^ J^iO through the ministration of our Blessed Mother Ann: given in 
the last part of 1839 and first of 1840 / writen by Hiram Rude. 
SA 111^ 1839-1841. 



228 Manuscript Material 



[11], 214, [1] p., bound; 18 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that serves as an index to the 

volume. 

Compiler was from the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

968 [Russell, James G.]. 

^ cr^j^- Numerical system of music writing. [Ca. 1880]. 
[24] p., bound; 21 cm. 
SA /.a-// Caption title. 

Manuscript book contains sixteen lessons in music composition 
and performance. 

Attribution is uncertain; it is based on the fact that the initials 
appearing at the end of the book match those of the Enfield, 
N.H., music master, James G. Russell. 

969 Slosson, David. 

^ 4-'i- ; [Hymnbook]. 1808-1840. 

<CA /I") '7 73, 93 p., bound; 17 cm. 

Organized into two parts; a table of contents acts as an index. 
Compiler presented his hymnal to Benjamin Gates on May 2, 
1840. Both men resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

970 Smith, Sarah E. 
-HSou [Hymnbook]. 1853-1860. 

^/4 I / ¥i~ ^^^ P' bound; 20 cm. 

Compiler was a resident of the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

971 South Union, Ky., Community. 

3^ Afi [Eldress Molly's funeral hymn]. 1835. 
^'' [2] p.; 25 cm. 

Title is taken from a note at the end of the hymn. 
Hymn was sung on December 9, 1835. 



/Of, 



972 Taylor, Polly Ann. 
■^ i/p ^^ A collection of hymns / selected and transcribed by Polly Ann 
Taylor. 1840. 

[9], 234 p., bound; 16 cm. 

Includes a table of contents for the 106 hymns. 
Compiler resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 



SA //. 



Hyninbooks 229 



973 Traver, Mortimer. 

^ yo^ A collection of songs / written by Mortimer Traver; began 
£/i /a^ September 5th 1844. 1844-1858. 
1 p.t., 252 p., bound; 17 cm. 

974 Vail, James Palmer. 
^^.. , [Hymnbook]. 1837-1884. 

"""^^ 157, [165] p., bound; 10 x 17 cm. 
■S/^ //vf ' Manuscript volume was originally kept by Vail during the 1830s 
as a hymnal. During the 1870s and 1880s, it was used as a note- 
book, probably by Alonzo Hollister. A rough copy of an essay, 
presumably written by Hollister, that was published in the Mani- 
festo in 1883 or 1884, appears on twenty-four of the unnumbered 
pages. Two indexes are included, even though they do not nec- 
essarily refer to the contents of this volume. 

975 Van Houten, Phebe. 
A collection of spiritual hymns from various authors / selected 
and transcribed by Phebe Van Houten. 1837. 
[8], 225, [8] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Includes a table of contents for the ninety-five hymns in the 
volume. 



^O' 



976 Verse book no. 2nd: spiritual gifts for spiritual edification, com- 
menced sometime in 1846. 
[26], 248 p., bound; 13 x 14 cm. 

/ 1 PS.' Includes an index arranged by first lines. 

There is no evidence in this manuscript volume to suggest the 
name of the compiler or his place of residence. 

977 W., R. B. 
[Hymnbook]! 1845. 
[12], 170 p., bound; 17 cm. 

Includes a table of contents that is referred to as an index. 
Attribution is based on two lines at the end of the manuscript 
volume: Finished March 2nd 1845 by R. B. W. 
There is no evidence to suggest a residence for the compiler. 



230 Manuscript Material 

978 Wardwell, Benjamin F. 



:^^' 



// 



[Hymnbook]. 1847. 
214, [10] p., bound; 20 cm. 
^A / /=2 ^ On the ten unnumbered pages at rear is an "index or table 
showing where to find any hymn by the first line." 
Compiler resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

979 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
J ^jL^C [Hymnbook]. 1842-1860. 

<. A 1 1 '!■>' '^^' f^^ P' t»ound; 20 cm. 

Table of contents, here called an index, is divided into two parts. 
The first part lists the hymns and the second the anthems con- 
tained in this volume. 

980 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
J=^£^S [Hymnbook]. 1873-1885. 

S,/^ / / 7 : 180, [6] p., bound; 20 cm. 

981 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
^53/ [Hymnbook]. 1875-1885. 

^^ // 7x ^^' t^J P' bound; 20 cm. 

Seventy-nine blank leaves follow the last hymn. 

982 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
^S^^ [Hymnbook]. 1878-1881. 

^>9 // 7V 289 p., bound; 20 cm. 

983 Wickersham, George M. 

S/f2'^ Believers hymns / compiled by George M. Wickersham. 1846- 
1854. 
4/j 113^1 1 p.€., 95 p., 138€., [2] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Compiler was a resident of the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 
Judging from the appearance of the beginning of the table of 
contents/index, he hoped to continue this hymnbook for some 
time. There are 138 blank leaves after the last numbered hymn. 

984 Willey, Louisa. 
■^5 6> I [Hymnbook]. 1903. 

^4 / / ^ 9 224 p., bound; 22 cm. 



Hymnbooks 231 



Willey recorded six hymns, some with musical notation, on the 
first fifteen pages of this volume. On pages 17 through 63 are 
hymns written in by Edward Andrews. The rest of the volume is 
either blank or has pages torn out. A note by Andrews states: 
"early Shaker songs of various and typical kinds. Selected, with 
or without notes, as basis for ms." The note is signed and dated 
January 1935. 

985 Wilson, Hannah. 
-^SSd ^ collection of gospel anthems given to the followers of Christ in 
^ A / 1 !?S> ^'^ second appearing / selected and transcribed by Hannah Wil- 
■^^'"^^ son. 1851-1874. 

[10], 87 p., bound; 19 cm. 

Table of contents serves as an index to the volume. 

Thirty-one blank leaves follow the last hymn. 



Poetry and Prose 



986 Bishop, Job. 



//y --) A [Poetry and other writtngs at the time of Elder Job Bishop's 

^/l /a.SS'. ' [4] p.; 24 cm. 

Includes two poems, a copy of the elder's obituary notice from 
the New Hampshire Patriot, and a description of communication 
between Bishop and Elder Elisha in the spirit world. Bishop was 
from Canterbury, N.H. 



987 Bowers, Lucy S. 
■^ ^ S3 A book of varied compositions chirographically preserv'd / by 

>-£ A / 3, 7 / Lucy S. Bowers. 1876-1894. 

3 vols., bound; 20 cm. 
sif ^SH Title for this group of volumes is taken from the first one of the 

v^/i /Q. 7i_ series. Indexes, in the form of tables of contents, are included. 
n / ^ ~. The first volume covers the author's writings from 1876 to 1886, 

. the second volume from 1886 to 1891, and the third volume from 
>-S/l ' ■^ ^ 1892 through 1894. The compositions are chiefly essays with 

some poetry. There are indications that some of the items were 
later printed. 



988 Bowers, Lucy S. 
-a^ ^2>^ [^ collection of choice thoughts. Ca. 1885]. 
[177] p., bound; 24 cm. 
^A /ai7 ^ Supplied title is taken from the heading on page 1. 

Volume includes essays, proverbs, and sayings important 
enough to the compiler for her to commit to paper. 



232 



Poetry and Prose 233 



989 Bowers, Lucy S. 

. A memorabilia or miscellaneous collection of note worthy facts 

rT ^d, I chirographically preserved / by Lucy S. Bowers. 1880. 

' Miscellaneous collection of facts written in by hand and pasted 
in from newspaper articles. Volume is a good source for 
researchers interested in what kinds of information a Shaker 
would be exposed to and would consider important enough to 
commit to paper. Unfortunately, there is no index. 

990 Bowers, Lucy S. 

^ (fiSC [Writings of Lucy S. Bowers from the age of 10 years, 1868- 

1880]. 1880. 
^4 J^^? 8Q^ [1] p^ bound; 22 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from a penciled note on the front flyleaf. 
Contents of this manuscript volume include essays, poetry, and 
letters. At the end of the book are lists that record religious 
meetings, the songs sung at the meetings, and the readings spo- 
ken at them. A table of contents acts as an index. 

991 Brown, Angeline. 

^ ^/Q [Book of various writings]. 1869-1877. 
64 p., bound; 20 cm. 
S>k /=^-S^7 Manuscript book contains essays and poetry. Many of the pages 
carry recollections of Shaker funerals. 

Although Brown's name appears prominently on the front cover, 
the various handwritings in the book suggest that it was main- 
tained by more than one person. 

Certificate made out to Deborah Ann Night by Mary Anne New- 
man, her teacher, is laid in at rear. 

992 Brown, Charles. 

■^Cj fQ To the finder: remember me, Chas. B. 1871. 
[2] p.; 16 X 20 cm. 
^/4 /'SS9 Poem on a sheet of paper that was found in the wood shavings 
of the seat of a high swivel stool pictured in plate 48 of the 
Andrewses' book on Shaker furniture (see nos. 496 and 497). 
The poem has been transcribed by Dr. Andrews. 



234 Manuscript Material 



993 Calver, Amelia. 
^ ^ Q A concise description of a spiritual loom in which we are daily 
// / "7 weaving a garment of righteousness. [19 — ]. 
'^^ '' ^ ' 3€.;28cm. 

4^ ^SJl Carbon copy of a modern typescript made of a thirty-four-line 
■ n y c-/ Q aphorism that attempts to compare the parts of a loom with 
righteous living. For example, "the large catch is the cross at 
which we grasp & take up, in so doing we get more faith in the 
gospel to form our garment of." It was probably composed 
sometime during the late nineteenth century. 
Copy 2 in the collection is on two leaves. It is also a typescript. 



<i 



^l 



994 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 
[Book of poetry and other writings. Ca. I860]. 

■^®_^ [76] p., bound; 21 cm. 
•^>A f^^ Basically, a book of inspirational poetry and aphorisms. The 

compiler, who is unidentified, copied into the book a poem writ- 
ten by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1857, "Daybreak," 
which helps to date the volume. 

995 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

^ /c2_^ ^ ^^^ years covenant, January 1868: for the sisters under 
50 years of age. 
>^/4 7^-^ [49] p., bound; 17 cm. 

Manuscript book includes essays on music and worship. 

996 [Copybook of poetry. Ca. 1876]. 
^^^S t43] p., bound; 20 cm. 

^ J. . Includes poetry by little-known poets as well as by famous ones 

-5/? /^^j' ^^^^ gg William Cullen Bryant. 

Following the last poem are 114 blank leaves. 

There is nothing in this volume that suggests its compiler or his 

place of residence. 

997 De Craw, Genevieve. 
-^^ajr [Poetry]. 1902. 

13€.; 25 cm. 



Poetry and Prose 235 



Writer was from the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. Attached 
to the thirteen leaves of poetry is a printed version of one of 
De Graw's poems written to memorialize C. Brooks. 

[Dodgson, Anna]. 

[Book of poetry and other writings. Ca. 1850]. 

[60] p., bound; 10 cm. 

Attribution is based on a large section of the volume signed by 

Dodgson concerning the death and funeral of Eldress Ruth. 

Eighty-one blank leaves follow the last entry. 

999 [Esty, Mariette]. 
jj / n-/ [Book of miscellaneous wriHngs and poetry]. 1885-1890. 
84 p., bound; 21 cm. 
^A /■=2*' / While other individuals are credited with authorship, Esty's 

name appears under about ninety percent of the entries — hence, 
the attribution here. 

Most of the entries have to do with living the right kind of 
Shaker life. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

Neale, Emma J. 

Our thanks. 1875. 

2€.; 27 cm. 

Author of this poem was a resident of the New Lebanon, N.Y., 

community. She wrote on the back of sheets of labels for the 

Shakers' dwarf sugar peas. 

New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[An epilogue of the old bench; farewell to the kitchen. Ca. 1840]. 

[2] p.; 25 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from two captions. 

In the form of a poem, the story of a twenty-nine-year-old bench 

used all of its life in the kitchen but now judged too old for its 

duties. 



236 Manuscript Material 



1002 Ormsby, Mrs. F. P. 
^<^J / My old house. [Ca. 1880]. 

^ _ _ 3 p., bound; 20 cm. 
--^/i / Written on the occasion of an eighty-fifth birthday, this poem 

refers to the author's body in terms used to describe a house. 
Poem occupies only three pages of a volume of more than two 
hundred. 

1003 Pleasant Hill, Ky., Community. 
A//yo [Poem. Ca. 1835]. 

[2] p.; 14 X 16 cm. 
^<,j4 /<^"^'-'P This thirteen-stanza poem was written at a time that the Pleasant 
Hill, Ky., community was facing legal problems brought on by 
persons who had left the community and were claiming that the 
Shakers owed them money. It is credited to Gamaliel. 

1004 [A poem to Elder Elisha from T. W. by liberty from E. Br.: love 
^ C^/^ and good will. Ca. 1830]. 

.£A /^Sk'-^-[(>] P-; 16 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from the notation on p. [6]. 

1005 Reed, Polly J. 

^ (^JlS ^^^^^ °^ writings]. 1847-1864. 
13, [36] p., bound; 21 cm. 
<^ ;4 /<2-o? .' Most of this manuscript volume consists of a letter dated 

June 29, 1856, written by Calvin Green and copied by Reed, con- 
cerning Shaker beliefs on eternal punishment. 
Compiler resided in the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

1006 T., Rhoda. 

S O-S^ Miss Jenny. [Ca. 1900]. 
<-A i^nil,a [2]p-;22cm. 
■^ ^ ' ' This poem about a spinning jenny was written to Abigail Rice. 

1007 Taylor, Leila S. 

n . n Mother's day, Aug. 6, 1774. [N.d.]. 
■^ ^^^^ 3€.;28cm. 
^^A 11 DC l Typescript of an essay by Taylor commemorating the day of Ann 
Lee's arrival in New York City. 



Poetn/ and Prose 237 



1008 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
^ , ^ ;- [Book of miscellaneous writings. Ca. 1875]. 
[46] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Manuscript volume was compiled by more than one person, 
judging from the different kinds of handwriting found in it. The 
writers were preoccupied with feelings of insecurity and per- 
sonal worthlessness and with death. 
Final entry is followed by 105 blank leaves. 



2.(^ 



1009 White, Anna. 

3^^^ J [Book of writings]. 1849-1892. 
[192] p., bound; 21 cm. 
vS^ /<2<>'" "Anna White. A present from her natural father, Robert White, 
Junr., 1849" (p. [1]). 

Manuscript volume contains essays, poetry, and recollections of 
Shaker life. 

1010 Youngs, Isaac Newton. 

[Isaac Youngs's biography in verse]. 1837. 
■^ Ipf [10] p., bound; 18 cm. 
<>a <j> /r? From cover: July 4, 1837. Bro. Isaac Newton Youngs completes 

his 44th year & relates his history in verse. 



Recipes and Handicraft Instructions 



1011 [A book of medical recipes. Ca. 1850]. 
-Jj U^lL ^ ^*^'- (unpaged), bound; 20 cm. 

This manuscript volume, of which only 10 out of 160 pages con- 
O/^ /^^•'i j-gjj^ writing, includes recipes for herbal medicines. There is no 
indication of which Shaker community it came from. 

1012 [Directions for weaving carpet. Ca. I860]. 
^S^l l^;26cm. 

CA <^^Q Generally unrevealing set of instructions consisting of six lines of 
text. They were probably recorded by a nearly illiterate weaver. 

1013 Hammond, Lucy Ann. 
3^yt^^ Directions for using soda. [18 — ]. 

S.A /^^/ [2] p.; 23 cm. 

This manuscript was written at the New Lebanon, N.Y., com- 
munity by Hammond and Jane Blanchard during the latter half 
of the nineteenth century. It concerns the use of soda in wash- 
ing clothes and offers fairly detailed directions on the way that a 
laundry should be done. 

1014 Hulett, Elvira Curtis. 

^/^ 3 yC [Weaving drafts for various types of fabric. 18 — ?]. 

^A ICC9 ^^^•- ^i^8'""^s- 11-20 cm. 
^'^ / «5 -pj^g fourteen loose plates include drafts for such fabric as hucka- 
back, Prusian diaper, fine dimety, square diaper, and York 
diaper. 
Compiler resided at the Hancock, Mass., community. 

1015 Morrell, Prudence. 

■j^ U-^ ^ A choice collection of medical and botanical receipts: selected 
C/ I A / /\ from experienced physicians by whom they have been proved 



IM 



Recipes and Handicraft Instructions 239 



and found useful in the various disorders and infirmities for 

which they are prescribed; to which is prefixed remarks and 

observations for the consideration of physicians & nurses among 

Believers / collected by Prudence Morrell & copied by the same. 

1849. 

[21], 166 p., bound; 21 cm. 

Contains a rather detailed table of contents that acts as an index. 

Compiler resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

1016 Morrell, Prudence. 
3^\^-)^ Receipts & counsels exclusively for female diseases / selected by 
^ y. Prudence Morrel when in the sixty first year of her age. 1854. 

/^^/ [8]^ 22 p., bound; 16 cm. 

Compiler resided at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Directions for using dressmaker's magic scale. Ca. 1875]. 
33, [51] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Volume gives instructions for measuring women for clothing and 
directions for dressmaking. The measurements of sixteen Shaker 
women are recorded. 

Manuscript is from the Canaan, N.Y., branch of the New Leba- 
non, N.Y., community. 

New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

Domestic medicine for the cure of diseases by regimen & simple 

medicines: comprising a collection of receipts from various parts. 

1816. 

176 p., bound; 24 cm. 

Includes cures for a variety of sicknesses. From all indications, 

the cures could cause greater discomfort than the illnesses. 

1019 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

.^ ,-,■ Graduated scale of waist measures. 1866. 



- ^ . 1 photocopy; 22 x 31 cm. 



240 Manuscript Material 



Sheet includes rules to follow when measuring a woman's waist 
before making her a garment. 

1020 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ if-lil [Wine and cooking recipes. Ca. 1858-1890]. 

^ -- ,. / o 2 vols., bound; 11-21 cm. 
^ These two volumes were compiled over several decades by a 

number of persons; presumably, the manuscripts were passed 

on through a Shaker family. 

One of the volumes was made up from a notebook sold by 

Edwin Sandys, a bookseller and stationer from Pittsfield, Mass. 

1021 [Pattern for making a bonnet]. 1894. 
■=i^ SS^ 3 items; 24 x 22-16 x 51 cm. 

<A ^ ^ 7 ^^ *^^ three paper items in this group, one is a pattern for the 

top of the bonnet while two are patterns for the sides and back. 
The top cut-out bears the message: "Bonnet pattern like Louisa's 
and the one Eldress Harriet made for me, cut Nov. 22, 1894. Can 
be cut a little smaller for the smaller front." The other two items 
contain similar information. 

1022 [Recipes for compound syrup of brier root and plaster for the 
=^ Vc2.S cure of lameness, wounds, bruises, and burns. 18 — ]. 

Ch /d<c>3 2 items; 13-20 cm. 

Syrup's main ingredients were water, sugar, alcohol, and opium. 
The plaster recipe was delivered by a spirit. 

1023 [Recipes for dyeing cloth. 18 — ]. 

Directions for dyeing yarn, wool, flannel, and cotton the colors 
^ lOS^'^ red, green, black, yellow, and blue. 

Manuscripts are from the second quarter of the nineteenth cen- 
tury. Tyringham, Mass., is the only Shaker community named, 
appearing on two of the items. The Shakers who wrote these 
directions were James C. Hutton and Mary Jane Sherer and, 
from Tyringham, Hannah Culver, Hannah Kilborn, and Hannah 
Cannon. 



so 



10^^ 



Recipes and Handicraft Instructions 241 



1024 [Recipes for cooking, for making ink and boot black, and for 
^ wyr stain removal. Ca. I860]. 

_.^ ,_, 3 items; 12-33 cm. 

'" One of the undated items on cooking was signed by Olive Ruth 

-U d^-i Draper and Jemima Sneeden. It was probably intended for a Sis- 

^-^ ' ter Cloe. 

j/^ /c(!>5 Cooking recipes are for desserts. Potash, lemon, and water con- 
stituted the recommended formula for removing stains. 

1025 [Sketch of a costume. 18—]. 
:^ ^'/f' 1 photocopy; 28 cm. 

^f\ /03i-^ Measured drawing from an unidentified hand showing the com- 
ponents of a coat. 

1026 Wheeler, Olive. 

i</// 2 ^ receipt for making cakes, crackers, &c. / Olive Wheeler. [18 — ] 
[24] p., bound; 9 x 10 cm. 
S)4 lSc> I. so^ Manuscript cookbook includes twenty-nine recipes, chiefly for 
breads. 



-^/iY 



Building Construction 



1027 Enfield, Conn., Community. 
Dates when buildings were erected in Enfield, Connecticut, from 
1785: copied from the North family journal. 1879. 

Manuscript gives the date that a building was erected, the name 
of the building and, in a few cases, its dimensions, and the 
name of the family that occupied the building. References are 
made to the New Lebanon, N.Y., meetinghouse and the cotton 
manufactory at Shirley, Mass. 

1028 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

:// ^,-'''7 [Architectural drawings of the round barn. N.d.]. 
4 items: plans; 42 x 55 cm. 
s^/j JD.T?. '"'Illustrations are of the framing structure and exterior views of 
the barn. 

1029 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

-^ ^ /^ [Map of the East family, West Pittsfield, Mass.]. 1880. 

^ ^ U.: map; 36 x 39 cm. 

>S>4 /S^^ Manuscript map showing the location of twenty buildings and 
the highway that divided them. A notation mentions that A. W. 
Williams was the Shakers' agent. 

1030 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

^^C "f [Records concerning building construction at New Lebanon and 
Watervliet, N.Y., Enfield, N.H., and Hancock and Tyringham, 
,^ ^V/ Mass. Ca. 1858]. 

[6] p., bound; 20 cm. 

Recollections of a Hancock, Mass., resident concerning the erec- 
tion of buildings at various Shaker communities in the northeast. 



242 



Building Construction 243 



Only six of the seventy-six pages in the book are used to record 
the information. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

1031 Nathan, Joseph F. 

-J f-i,a [Letter], November 1, 1822, Harvard, Mass., [to] Richard Spires, 
New Lebanon, N.Y. 
•SA 1^5^ 2^.; 30 cm. 

"The First Family here and at Shirley feel desirous to furnish the 
glass at our own expense for the contemplated Meeting house at 
Lebanon. ..." The writer also asks for a machine for turning 
broom handles from the Watervliet, N.Y., community via New 
Lebanon. 

1032 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ (s>^2 [Architectural drawings of dwelling houses. 18 — ]. 

S.A /_2 -7 / 29 items: plans (some col.); 29-56 cm. 

There is reason to believe that fifteen of these architectural draw- 
•^ ^^0 •'^S^ ^^^ ^^ *^^ Church family dwelling at New Lebanon, N.Y. 
,-.-jo Neither the architect nor the dates of the drawings are recorded. 
~^ Six of the items are exterior plans and nine show floor designs 

^ / ^ I from the cellar to the fifth floor. Outside brickwork and stone- 

_ , /J 7^ work is highlighted, chiefly in red, and the placement of sup- 
ports and studs is in yellow. Measurements for window 
^ 6>tS openings, some ceiling heights, and some room sizes have been 

SA ^^^1 penciled in. 

, Four other drawings show the exterior sides of an unidentified 

*>'■'■ Shaker dwelling, again, from all indications, at New Lebanon, 

N.Y. Neither measurements nor a scale are given. Three more 

4- hT:5 drawings match closely enough to suggest that they represent 

<A /T<// -? ^^ same building. They include measurements revealing that 

^ the house was sixty-feet high and lacked an attic level but did 

have a cellar. A detail of the building is drawn on another sheet 
in a scale of one inch to the foot. It is not unreasonable to con- 
clude that these latter three plans were relied upon and con- 
sulted during construction of the dwelling. 



244 Manuscript Material 



Six additional drawings depict the interior arrangements of 
rooms in an unnamed Shaker dwelling. One sheet includes 
dimensions, and another assigns the functions of the rooms: 
meeting room, dining room, bake room, potato cellar, brethren's 
sitting room, sisters' sitting room, milk and pie room, etc. 
Finally, the last drawing in this group of architectural renderings 
is a rough sketch showing the exterior of still another unidenti- 
fied house. Some effort was made by the artist to fit the building 
into its landscape. 

„ ^ 1033 Seaver, H. M. 

■ [Measured drawings of Shaker architectural detail]. 1938. 

Sl\ l3L^fC litem; 45 cm. 

Drawings of the south doors of the Hancock, Mass., meeting- 
house, a detail of the iron railings leading to them, and a full- 
size sketch of the doors' iron latch "somewhat approximate from 
a few measurements." There is also a depiction of a pegboard. 

1034 Seaver, H. M. 

Notes on the meeting room, first floor of the meetinghouse: 
I Hancock Shakers. 1938. 

^^^{5 9€.;28cm. 

Seaver' s notes concern the architectural details of the Hancock 
S A n ^°^' " meetinghouse as it stood in 1938 and his thoughts about the 

methods used in its construction. Seaver concludes his account 
by writing, "Pittsfield has few very old buildings and with the 
passing of this Shaker meeting house, all we can do is make a 
record of its construction, and save some of the pieces of finish." 



Relations among Shaker Communities 



1035 Alfred, Maine, Community. 
[Letters]. 1819-1822. 

■^ ^%^ 2 items; 25-31 cm. 

^, , - Earlier letter, written by Elisha and Ebenezer to an unidentified 
)n /'<<^'' community, concerns a fire that destroyed the blacksmith's shop 

at the Alfred, Maine, community. The later letter recounts legal 
proceedings that the Alfred Shakers were forced into after they 
locked a recalcitrant member out of the community. It was 
addressed to John Warner or Joseph Frost at the Harvard, Mass., 
community. 

1036 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

[Letters and true copies of letters sent to various Shaker commu- 
M E^(o nities]. 1819-1862. 

6 items; 20-31 cm. 
S/) /2^H.I I Among the communities to which these letters were sent were 
New Lebanon, N.Y., and Enfield, Conn. Two topics in the six 
letters stand out: the temptations of the temporal world and the 
excruciating death of Mother Hannah Goodrich in 1820. 

1037 Enfield, N.H., Community. 

[Letter addressed to most dearly beloved ministry, elders, dea- 
i^ I I cons, brethren, and sisters]. 1844. 
U.; 32 cm. 
Qj I 2: Probably addressed to the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, this 

letter accompanied a gift of apples. 

1038 Meacham, David. 

/ cu'i [Letter], December 26, 1804, New Lebanon, N.Y., [to recent con- 

^^01 ..TX 1 11- 



SA /^^5./ 



verts in Kentucky and adjacent states]. 



245 



246 Manuscript Material 



[2] p.; 34 cm. 

In addition to Meacham this letter is signed by Amos Ham- 
mond, Ebenezar Coolby, and Stephen Markham. It proclaims 
that three missionaries were on their way westward to help 
recent converts understand better the ways of Shaker life. 
Among the declarations made in this letter is one that is a basic 
tenet of Shaker belief: "We therefore as servants of Christ and 
children of the resurrection testify to all people that Christ hath 
made his second appearance here upon Earth and the poor lost 
children of men knoweth it not." 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

1039 Munson, Stephen. 

[Letters from various Shaker communities to Deacon Stephen 
^SS2 Munson, New Lebanon, N.Y.]. 1813-1829. 

13^ /-^ 14 items; 20-33 cm. 
^ '' ' -* Contents of these letters to Munson are as varied as the geo- 

' " ^ ' ' graphical areas from which they come. At the same time, they 

detail matters that might concern any Shaker community. One of 
the Enfields sent $400 to help defray the expense of a new meet- 
-U cr^d inghouse at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. Half the sum 

came in 1822, and the other half arrived two years later. The 
^ n I^OX, h Watervliet, N.Y., Shakers asked for a charitable contribution to 
. 3 assist the mother of one of their members. They also related 

their experiences with land purchases. The community at Har- 
vard, Mass., requested parts for a mill and, later, sent carrot 
seeds to help the New Lebanon seed industry. South Union, 
Ky., residents related events that occurred while they traveled 
from New Lebanon to their home. The Pleasant Hill, Ky., Shak- 
ers sent information about their legal problems. And, the Can- 
terbury, N.H., community asked that a publication about a court 
case be distributed. 

1040 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[A copy of a letter from the ministry and elders at New Lebanon 
^ ^ f^ sent to the western churches, February 14, 1821]. 

SA /a3/. >' 



Relations among Communities 247 



[8] p.; 32 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from the caption on page [8]. 

Letter reports the death of Mother Lucy Wright. 

1041 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

J. ^^2 [A copy of a letter sent to Ohio, July 13, 1807]. 
5 [2] p.; 25 cm. 
Sf\ /^^(^' Supplied title is taken from the caption on page [2]. 

Letter details over four thousand dollars sent to the Ohio Shak- 
ers to help them with "the comforts of this life." 

1042 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Letter], July 25, 1872, New Lebanon, N.Y., [to] Calvin Reed, 
:/ ^^0 Groveland, N.Y. 

l3, [l]p.;27cm. 
ch /2.3 o * ' Letter concerns routine activities at the New Lebanon, N.Y., 

community. The ministry writes about the dwindling number of 
Shakers, the hay harvest, a new steam engine for the Herbar- 
ium, and a scheduled six-week tour of eastern Shaker communi- 
ties. The newly constructed corn-drying kiln at Hancock, Mass., 
and corn-selling activities there are also discussed. 



1043 North Union, Ohio, Community. 

[Letter and copy of a letter to New Lebanon, N.Y.]. 1826. 
/ ^ /f 2 items; 26-31 cm. 

This letter, of which there are two versions, was written on 
^/^ fSi53.>->j July 13 and expresses the thanks of North Union Shakers for the 
» V support of the ministry at New Lebanon, N.Y. The letter is 
headed Warrensvill, Ohio. 



1044 Pleasant Hill, Ky., Community. 

[Letters and true copies of letters sent to the New Lebanon, 
^Sil N.Y., community]. 1820-1831. 
10 items; 30-33 cm. 
£/} /^«^-^ ' Among the topics covered in this group of ten letters are the 
I " lO growth of the Shaker community at Pleasant Hill, Ky., and its 



248 Manuscript Material 



persecution by "the world." Many letters relate the addition of 
new residents — individuals who decide to convert as well as 
those who simply live in the community. One resident, William 
Runyon, is singled out to emphasize how the power of God can 
cure sickness in Believers. Some mention is made regarding the 
addition of land to the community and the construction and use 
of the meetinghouse. Three of the letters are about a violent 
attack that occurred on June 6, 1825, when a mob tried to "res- 
cue" Lucy Bryant from the Shakers and the subsequent legal 
maneuvers stemming from the incident. One of the 1825 letters 
discusses Mary Dyer's anti-Shaker writings. A number of the let- 
ters in this group read like an abbreviated annual report from an 
outlying community, in this instance Pleasant Hill, to the home 
ministry at New Lebanon, N.Y. 

1045 [A short account of the situation of our Brethren at Ohio, or that 
. / part that is called Miami]. Ca. 1810. 

^ /'+" 2€.;33cm. 

. f-tn i Supplied title is taken from the first two lines of the manuscript. 
-*" Includes descriptions of where the Shakers were located in Ohio 

and Kentucky. Most of the account is concerned with where the 

communities would appear on a map. 

1046 Sodus Bay, N.Y., Community. 
[Letters], July 4, 1826-December 6, 1829, Sodus Bay, N.Y., [to] 
Stephen Munson, New Lebanon, N.Y. 

fi 7 items; 21-34 cm. 
c k \0-'-^' \ Various concerns and activities of a new, outlying Shaker com- 
"^ /I ' munity are discussed in letters to the New Lebanon, N.Y., min- 

* ^ istry. Some mention is made of the Sodus Bay, N.Y., 

community's sending wood products, including cherry timber 
and wood for broom handles and bannisters, to New Lebanon. 
A One letter comments about the settlement of the debt of 
o|^^ Dr. Mot, an upstate-New York resident, for seeds sent to him 
<jM ' by the New Lebanon Shakers. Statements, both positive and 

negative, about the characters and talents of some of the Sodus 
Bay residents are made. Optimistic reports about converts are 



«_-> 



^£13 



Relations among Commiinhies 249 



related, and daily activities, such as fence mending and making, 
clearing land, and plowing, are detailed. 

1047 South Union, Ky., Community. 

[Letters and true copies of letters to various other Shaker com- 

1/ 57^ munities, chiefly Pittsfield, Mass.]. 1814-1844. 

1^ . 1'^^ 24 items; 24-33 cm. 

'f Writings in this group exemplify how the content of letters can 

be both trivial and important. Many of these manuscripts con- 

f (frj (j tain references to the weather and to the relative health of a 

community as well as polite passages in which the writer sends 

\ / ^' ' his good wishes to others. In contrast to these incidental 

remarks, lengthy passages in the letters chide other communities 
for their neglect, supposed or real, of the South Union, Ky., 
community and report on unseemly relations with "the world." 
For example, in 1815 the South Union Shakers felt that they had 
been cast adrift by the home ministry. Their reply to a letter 
from the ministry said, in part: "It was indeed great consolation 
to us to see once more that our names were still held in 
remembrance by our friends in the East — as it had seemed & 
sometimes felt to us as if we had been almost entirely forgotten." 
In 1828 the South Union community expressed contempt for its 
sister community. Union Village, Ohio, because the Ohio Shakers 
did not offer to help with a financial crisis called the "Willie debt." 
By the mid-1 830s, judging from the tenor of the letters. South 
Union Shakers' ill feelings toward other communities had ended. 
Conversely, the South Union residents could in no way have felt 
neglected by the world that surrounded them. One of the letters 
in this group recounts how a mulatto, Juliet Mockaby, was born 
at the Shaker community and was adopted there to save her 
from certain death at the hands of her maternal grandparents. 
Several manuscripts describe Kentucky statutes that threatened 
the existence of Shakers in the state. The legislation was initiated 
by persons who hadlived in Shaker communiHes and had left 
them after becoming dissatisfied with the lifestyle. Also, promi- 
nent among court cases affecting the South Union Shakers was 
one brought by John Boon, which resulted from a disagreement 
about an overpayment to the Shakers for building a boat. Even 



250 Manuscript Material 



though the Shakers won the case, the costs to them from legal 
fees and lost time at work nearly exceeded what Boon had asked 
in his suit. 

1048 Union Village, Ohio, Community. 

[Letters and copies of letters to other Shaker communities, 
^^^7 chiefly New Lebanon, N.Y.]. 1805-1839. 

^A iiUS' /"'/' 53 items; 12-33 cm. 

Each letter in this group carries the name of one of five places in 
^ / ^a Ohio: Turtle Creek, Lebanon, Warren County, Cincinnati, and 

/ Union Village. Not until 1812 was Union Village adopted as the 
S^ f\ IX^i' official name of the Shaker community with which all of the let- 

ter writers were associated. It had been founded in 1806, one 
^ year after the first letter in this collection was written. These let- 

^/\ I X'4^ ters, therefore, reflect the concerns and activities of both Shaker 

missionaries and Shaker settlers, chiefly from a place called 
d^H Union Village. 

'A / 'iU'^ I ~^ While many topics are covered in these letters, four stand out: 
early survival, daily activities, persecution and destruction of 
^ ^/J^ property by "the world," and relations with other Shaker com- 

munities. Of these four, the last arguably offers the most infor- 
Qf[ /3.S0 mation to the reader. Apparently, Ohio and Kentucky Shakers 

•d (p 13 frequently paid visits to one another and commonly reported to 

the home ministry at New Lebanon, N.Y., on what had tran- 
S/) f^^l spired during these visits. In 1822, for example, a writer from 

Union Village comments upon the way that the community at 
^1^1^ South Union, Ky., had handled its slaves. (The Kentucky Shak- 

C/4 /"^.Sd ' r g^g ]^3(j freed them. Many of these exslaves chose to remain in 

the community.) In 1826, two-thirds of a letter reports on the sit- 
"^ ifi I V uation at West Union, Ind., where a Shaker community was 

^ -^rd i'2- folding. Besides the Shakers themselves, other religious/social 
organizations are discussed in the letters. The Harmonian and 
Halcyon societies are favorite subjects. Of the latter, one writer 
notes: "The Halcyon Society are a people that have had the 
greatest light in point of doctrine of any Denomination that has 
been before them (except the Believers). . . ."In addition to their 
substantive messages, this group of letters also contains the poli- 
tesse typical of Shaker communications. 



Relations among Communities 251 



1049 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

[Letters written to the New Lebanon, N.Y., community]. 1822- 
. 1839. 
^ CrC'Or 2 items; 25-32 cm. 

By 1822 the seed industry was providing a healthy income for 
5,^ /c2^"'' the Shaker communities at Hancock, Mass., and, in New York, 
at Watervliet and New Lebanon. In a letter, members of the 
Watervliet community complain to the home ministry that the 
other two communities are selling seeds in their locality, thereby 
preventing them from making their own business a success. 
Letter from Watervliet dated 1839 details spiritual visits from 
Mother Ann and tells about visitors from the New York State 
legislature. 



1050 Watervliet, Ohio, Community. 

[Letters and copies of letters to the East]. 1817-1830. 
^ t^/¥ 4 items; 19-33 cm. 

r-^^ I Letters are dated 1817, 1825, and 1830. They concern everyday 
Sh „ iQ events, including harvests and building construction. One of the 
. -^ J * > ' 1825 letters deals with the movement of Shakers from commu- 
nity to community, and the 1830 letter describes a trip from New 
Lebanon, N.Y., to Watervliet, Ohio. 



1051 West Union, Ind., Community. 

[True copies of letters sent to the New Lebanon, N.Y., commu- 
^, nity]. 1815-1821. 
^^ '^ 5 items; 30-32 cm. 

CA iD 1^- L^**^^^ ^^^ from different West Union, Ind., residents and con- 
, tain a variety of messages. In one letter is a hymn written by 
'^ " "Big Issachar" and a description of activities at the Shakers' fish- 

ery. Another includes a description of a religious meeting, a list 
of West Union leaders, and comments about the development of 
the community. A third, probably from Issachar Bates to Seth 
Youngs Wells, contains thoughts about the Harmonites and 
George Rapp. A fourth letter relates concerns about communica- 
tion between the eastern and western communities. And a fifth 
lists everyday activities at West Union. 



252 Manuscript Material 



1052 Whitewater, Ohio, Community. 

[Letters and copies of letters to Pittsfield, Mass., and other east- 
M /f/^ ern communiHes]. 1829-1834. 

4 items; 25-33 cm. 
^^ /2 5<3. ■^- Two of these letters were written by Archibald Meacham. One 
'7 , ^ concerns the transgressions of Nathan Burlingame, and how 

Burlingame was not leading the right Shaker life. Meacham 
called him a "corruptor of female virtue." 



'J 



1053 Winkley, Francis. 

[Letter], May 28, 1824, Canterbury, N.H., [to] Stephen Munson, 

■J- r9s:^.C- New Lebanon, N.Y. 

^AH^O 2^-' 30 cm. 

-"^' Coauthored by Israel Sanborn, this letter was written to accom- 

pany an offering of three hundred dollars for the well-being of 
the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 

1054 Wood, Jonathan. 

J/ t\ f 5- [Letters to Jonathan Wood]. 1843-1845. 

2 items; 25 cm. 
-Sj4 /"^^'^ ' I A resident of the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. Wood 
received a request from W. Willard of Canterbury, N.H., to 
J^ S ^(p make the Canterbury community a planing machine. Payment in 

part was offered in flannel cloth. 
^A /=3-^' Child who lived at New Lebanon writes Wood a letter thanking 

him for providing for her as a second father. 



Vital Statistics 



1055 [Addresses delivered at funerals of Shaker elders. 18 — ]. 
2 items; 25-32 cm. 

"~^^ One of these addresses may have been for Elder Amos Stewart 

SA OOO -1'^^^ 1884. The subject of the second is not identified. Both talks, 
however, date from the late nineteenth century. 

1056 Basting, Louis. 



^30^ 



In memory of Elder Amos Stewart. 1884. 
[2] p.; 32 cm. 

C,/\ '^^3.21. Delivered at Stewart's funeral, this address was "copied for pub- 
lication as requested by D. C. Brainard." 



1057 Bates, Sarah. 
4 ^60 [Letter], June 28, 1875, Mount Lebanon, N.Y., [to] Hulda Bagg. 

[4] p.; 21 cm. 
>/) I J. S6. <^^^Bates tells a friend about her ancestry. 



1058 [Birth and death records. Ca. 1850]. 

3 items, 2 bound; 6 x 10-16 x 20 cm. 
•^ =2. C^ -2 One item concerns the birth record and ancestry of Emma Cox; 
(TA gL0 .i-3 the other two are about the births and deaths of Shaker leaders. 

1059 Brewster, Justus. 

jj [A record of Justus Brewster and family]. 1815-1825. 

js'/^S 2 items; 25 cm. 

^ .Items concern the arrivals and departures of members of the 

i>/+ siol^. "Brewster family at the Watervliet, N.Y., Hancock, Mass., and 
New Lebanon, N.Y., communities. 



15^ 



254 Manuscript Material 



1060 Bushnell, Richard. 
S ^^3 ^ brief synopsis of the funeral of E. Richard Bushnell. 1873. 

44 p., bound; 16 cm. 
SA 1'^ From cover: Presented by a friend. 

3 fii "^V/ Collection has two copies, one of which was presented by the 
anonymous author to Sister Margaret Turner and the other to 
Sister Hannah Wilson, both on January 1, 1875. 



JfC>6> 



1061 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
[Birth records, Ca. 1815]. 
[6] p., bound; 20 cm. 
o n /5r^ Includes the birth records of men and women who joined the 

Hancock, Mass., community. The earliest is 1739, the latest 1813. 
There are sixty-six names. 



1062 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

u roa [Letter], March 31, 1828, Pittsfield, Mass., [to] Beloved Father 

"~^ Job, likewise all the good ministry. 

^A /2.^a- [2] p.; 31 cm. 

Letter mentions the sickness of Eldress Dana and the deaths of 
Jonathan Southwick and Noah Hall. 

1063 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

JJ l4'l Names of the brethren and sisters as they were placed in meet- 
ing at the time they mooved into the Brick House, November 
■^^ 7<r/ 20th, 1831. 

C/cllcccrH^ [2] p.; 26 cm. 

•^ A '^ ? S J Includes the names of forty-seven men and fifty-four women of 
the Hancock, Mass., community. 

1064 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

i/ /V^' Names of the brethren and sisters when we moved into the 

Brick House. 1831. 
^/4 1^^ [10] p., bound; 21 cm. 

C -A* /( t-" \^'-]~ \ Another version of entry no. 1063. 

1065 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

, _ [Society at Hancock . . . society at Tyringham]. 1846. 

^ v^"^ H.; 23 cm. 



Vital Statistics 255 



Supplied title is taken from the two headings used on the sheet. 
Manuscript contains the names of the elders of the families at 
the Hancock and Tyringham, Mass., communiHes and a record 
of the total number of residents at each location. 

1066 Harvard, Mass., Community. 

J, . , [Names of those gathered into the church and societies of Har- 

vard and Shirley: from the gathering of the people into order in 
^f^ 2d3 the year 1791 to the present day]. 1860. 
[107] p., bound; 19 cm. 
Census of members. 

1067 Harvard, Mass., Community. 
/(' y / 5 Record of names. 1835-1893. 

[43] p.; 42 cm. 
^f\ SO-S^ "In this book there is contained the names of the persons who 
/^ \/ S 2. have lived and also with those who are still living in the South 

and East family of young believers at Harvard, County of 
Worcester, State of Mass. Stating likewise the time of their nativ- 
ity, the town, county and state in which they were born, 
together with the time they were admitted among believers with 
their removals, apostatizing or decease" (p. [1]). 
Book has been disbound, and its leaves laminated. 

1068 Mantle, Henery. 

■iUsoS An address to the young delivered by our b[e]loved elder br. 
Henery Mantle at the funeral of br. Samuel B. 1857. 
SAfiS.) [3] p.; 21 cm. 

Speaker asks a devout life from each of his listeners. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 



1069 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community, 

y ,^ o [List of deaths of members of the South family, 1856-1873]. 

^ 1873. 

^A ^30 i^-;28cm. 



256 Manuscript Material 



Page consists of three columns: the first lists the name of the 
member; the second the date of death, presumably; and the 
third the age at death. 

1070 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
j/ / jld ^^P °^ ^^ public meeting: Holy Mount, January 1st, 1855; Sec- 

ond family. 
Sf^ fA?^ [4] p.; 71 cm. 

Map is actually a seating chart for those in attendance at the 
gathering. 



\c^ 



1071 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[A record of deaths]. 1863. 
[72] p., bound; 16 cm. 

^/4 Qi^-D- Recorded on the first forty-six pages of this volume are the 
deaths, from 1790 to 1863, of members of the New Lebanon, 
N.Y., community. Generally, the information given is the per- 
son's name, date of death, and age at death. The final twenty-six 
pages are blank. 

1072 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ <?73 [Records of deaths and building construction. Ca. 1865]. 
1€.; 25 cm. 
^A fS (3 Record of ten deaths in the Talcott and Osborne families 

between 1786 and 1823 as well as a record of the construction of 
four buildings at New Lebanon between 1829 and 1859. The 
sheet may have been written by William Y. Whitney. 

1073 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

1/ / -J J [Shaker biographies and spirit messages]. 1867. 
^ ' [114] p., bound; 18 cm. 
^ A /i^ i~ Biographical sketches of some of the members of the Church 

family. They are written in verse. "The first recorded, were seen 

in the form of little slips, or cards, brot. by Elder Rufus B[ishop], 

& by his request copied for different individuals" (p. [1]). 

Spirit messages appear in the middle of the volume and serve to 

split the biographies of the men, which come at the front of the 

book, from those of the women. 

Sixty blank leaves follow the final biography. 



Vital Statistics 257 



^3r. 



1074 A record of deaths at New Lebanon, Watervliet, and Hancock. 
1854. 
[94] p., bound; 19 cm. 

<4 '^'^ 7 R^^cord of deaths at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, 1784- 
1854, on twenty-eight pages; at the Watervliet, N.Y., commu- 
nity, 1788-1837, on three pages; and at the Hancock, Mass., 
community, 1782-1830, on three pages. Includes person's date of 
death, name, and age at death. 

1075 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

Map of the Believer's burying ground in Watervliet. [Ca. 1866]. 
^ ^H'^ 1 broadside; 84 cm. 

Shows the grave sites of 266 Shakers from the Watervliet, N.Y., 
community. Among the earliest buried were Mother Ann Lee 
5/) /^S'S arid Elder William Lee, both in 1784. The last interred was 

^u-ix- Rebecca Carter in 1866. Three hundred plots are depicted in this 
/ drawing. 

See also no. 1076. 

1076 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

^ (cS2 Shaker cemetery: town of Colonic, Albany County, N.Y. 1944. 

. 1 broadside; 48 x 70 cm. 
Sh 1^'^ Compiled by Alvin P. Boettcher, this map shows 445 burial plots 
/y\^ <-«-''-^ for Shakers. The last burial was that of Anna Case in 1938. 
See also no. 1075. 



^/.v.; 



1077 Williams, William. 
[The account of the deceased brethren and sisters deceased at 
Hancock since the year 1780 begun]. 1831-1840. 

64 p., bound; 16 cm. 
'^^ 12(fi Supplied title is taken from the heading on page 1. 

Although there are sixty-four numbered pages, only twenty-six 
are used. 

1078 Youngs, Isaac Newton. 

Names and ages of those who have been gathered into the 
* /y^ church: with the place of their birth and time of admittance, 

departures, deaths, &c. / written by Isaac N. Youngs. 1850-1885. 



258 Manuscript Material 



210 p., bound; 22 cm. 

Statistics concerning the community at New Lebanon, N.Y. Most 
of the information deals with the arrivals and departures of 
members from 1850 to 1885, although mention is made of resi- 
dents from 1787. 



Business and Finance 



1079 Almy & Brown (Pawtucket, R.I.)- 

[Letter], August 20, 1829, Pawtucket, R.I., [to] Stephen Munson, 
^ 6^0 New Lebanon, N.Y. 

c^A /^3^-^[^l p.; 25 cm. 

Communication concerning the purchase of yarn by the Shakers 
and the agreement by the Rhode Island firm to take in payment 
Shaker-made leather products. 

1080 Avery, E. R. 

U ^9, \ [Letter], March 30, 1873, Hancock, Mass., [to] Sarah Ann Lewis. 

1€.; 20 cm. 
SA 15^ ' ' Writer requests silk or some other type of material to make 

neckties. 

1081 Barber, F. 

[Inventory of the seed business at New Lebanon, N.Y.]. 1842. 
^ S«-^ 1^. 25 cm. 
cl\!0 3-3 Compiled on December 15, 1842, this list shows seeds sold and 

seeds on hand. The total "neat value" for 1842 of seeds sold and 

on hand plus their paper bag containers and boxes is $9,034. 

Barber recommends July as the best time to take an inventory, 

not December. 



1082 Bedell, Stephen T. 
.^ o i/^9 [Account book for general store. New Baltimore, N.Y.]. 1848- 
1864. 
S^ ^^^ 143, [3] [i.e., 152] p.; 31 cm. 

During the Hme period that this account book covers. New Balti- 
■» ^■'^ / more, N.Y., was a town of twenty-five hundred to three thou- 
sand inhabitants. It was situated on the west bank of the 

259 



260 Manuscript Material 



Hudson River, fifteen miles from Albany. Its post office was 
called Medway, the town name that appears on the cover of the 
account book. 

In addition to this account book, the collection contains various 
and miscellaneous papers catalogued under the Bedell family 
name. There are twenty such items, dating from 1840 to 1878 
and including printed ephemera as well as manuscripts. Their 
contents are unremarkable, thus explaining why they do not 
have a separate entry. 

Presumably, a Bedell joined the Shakers at some time and 
brought along these materials. There are no obvious references 
to Shakers in the account book or the miscellaneous items. 

Bicknell, E. 

[Brooms and brushes sold to George B. Price]. 1874-1875. 

[2] p.; 34 cm. 

Record of sales from June 27, 1874, to July 8, 1875, of hurl and 

cord brooms, including numbers sold and prices. 

[Bills of prices. Ca. 1870]. 

2 items; 20-25 cm. 

Supplied title is the caption on both items. 

Prices are for fabric and for making clothes and shoes. Judging 

from similarities in the handwritings, the goods listed, the order 

of listings, and the prices, the smaller manuscript may have 

been the rough draft for the taller one. 

1085 Brainard, D. C, & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
jj ^ ^ Q [Agreement form for raising and selling corn. Ca. 1870]. 

^ II.; 25 cm. 

SA lUdQ This blank printed form concerns Brainard's annual purchase of 

corn during the 1870s and stipulates the conditions under which 
purchases are to be made. Brainard dried the corn for food. 

1086 Brainard, D. C, & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
jj / Ci(f^ Fresh apples. [S.I.: s.n., ca. 1870]. 

1 broadside: col. ill.; 16 x 49 cm. 
^^ /^S4,l Box label. 



1083 


J 5(^0 


^A-^9f 


1084 


^3^^ 


^/\ IOC>(r'~ 



vj 



Business and Finntice 261 



Brainard, D. C, & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
Shakers' order sheet for flower and vegetable seeds: D. C. Brain- 
ard, agent. Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., [ca. I860]. 
[4] p.; 22 cm. 

Printed order form folded once with room to order at least forty 
different varieties of seeds. None of the form has been filled in. 



1088 Braisted, Alice. 
jj D^9, "^^ account of what is sold from the store at the North family. 
Shaker Sta., Conn.: commencing 1908. 1908-1912. 
S>h 8?5 248 p., bound; 21 cm. 

Concerns gift shop items sold at the Enfield, Conn., community, 
June 8, 1908-December 24, 1912. Only 121 of 248 numbered 
pages have been used to record sales. 



Brown, Margaret. 

[Collection of items relating to Shaker furniture]. 1923-1955. 
106 items: ill., col. samples; 5-58 cm. 

This group includes fifty-eight letters, eight invoices, three draw- 
ings, nineteen samples of Shaker chair tapes, and eighteen clip- 
pings from newspapers and magazines. The letters are all 
addressed to Margaret Brown and are generally from either 
Sarah Collins or Frances Hall. The invoices are, likewise, to Mar- 
garet Brown and are from R. M. Wagan and Company, New 
Lebanon, N.Y. Brown wanted to purchase furniture used by the 
Shakers themselves and hoped to have her Shaker chairs 
repaired with genuine, but hard to find. Shaker tape. 



1090 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

[Order for 600 copies of A summary view . . . United Society of 
Believers . . .]. 1822. 
U.; 19 cm. 

This edition of Green and Wells's book was printed by Packard 
and Van Benthuysen of Albany, N.Y., in 1823. Six hundred cop- 
ies sold for $120. The order is in the form of a letter. 
See also nos. 256 and 257. 



262 Manuscript Material 



1091 [Collection of various bills for miscellaneous items]. 1821-1827. 
^ ^73 14 items; 5-22 cm. 

A <=?//) « /" ' Y ^^^^^ made out to several persons who bought from general or 
dry goods stores. Five of the bills are to Elias Philpot. 

1092 Cowles, Calvin J. 

c-q Ci [Letter and copy of a letter to Edward Fowler, New Lebanon, 
^ ' ' N.Y.]. 1869. 
>^^ /a37. /"2 2 items; 26-28 cm. 

Letters concern a billing problem between Cowles, who is 
requesting payment for goods, and Fowler, who presumably 
owed money. The transaction originally took place in 1867, and 
the subsequent misunderstanding is blamed on post-Civil War 
post office irregularities. Cowles had just been given a position 
at the U.S. mint in Charlotte, N.C., and was earnestly pursuing 
payment from Fowler because he had recently lost $1,000 due to 
the failure of North Carolina state bonds. 

1093 Crosman Bros. (Rochester, N.Y.). 
a/^oC> [Billhead]. 1883. 

H.; 10 X 22 cm. 
^/j lOXi ' -^ Pii-jn was established in 1840 and in 1883 was run by Charles W. 
and George F. Crosman. It sold garden, field, and flower seeds. 
Presumably, products from the Shakers were included. 

1094 Crossman, Rufus. 
Mej/c [Receipt book. Ca. 1850]. 

1 vol. (unpaged); 8 x 19 cm. 
SiA / (ri^ All of the remaining leaves in this volume are made up of blank 

forms. Crossman, of the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, used 
the book to record payments for purchases of boxes of garden 
seeds. 

1095 Donnell, G. O. 

ji ■?/ :? [Drawing of a Shaker chair with rocking feet]. 1852. 

^^^ U.) ill.; 29 cm. 

,S^ /OC>i Rocking feet were put on the rear two legs of a straight-backed 

chair so that a sitter could rock back without tipping over. The 
feet were patented (no. 8771) on March 2, 1852. 



Busirtess and Finance 263 



Date of this entry reflects the patent date and not the date of 
production for this printed drawing, which was probably photo- 
lithographed some years later. 

1096 [Drawings of Shaker chairs and a footstool. 19 — ?]. 
^3^V 3 items: ill.; 5-28 cm. 

, . - One drawing of a chair is headed, "Chair made and used by the 
^ 3 Shakers of Shaker Heights — long ago." Another drawing gives 

dimensions and is called "Description of Shaker chair." The foot- 
stool is a small watercolor depiction. 

1097 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

^2 ' ^'^^ ii^ '^he years of 1847 and 48 or paid out by the sisters in the 
< A ^lu West family to the world for articles and work. 1848. 
'^^^'^ U.;20cm. 

Hancock, Mass., Community. 
Expences of West family sisters for 1867. 
1€.; 19 X 21 cm. 

Sisters bought fabric, a sewing machine, tableware, chair cush- 
ions, food, etc. 

Hancock, Mass., Community. 

[Mining leases]. 1857-1873. 

4 items; 25-33 cm. 

Through these agreements Shakers at Hancock, Mass., leased 

some of the community's property for iron mining by Henry R. 

Knolwell, Stephen R. Gay, Jacob North, and the New York and 

Berkshire Mining Company. 

'-X 

1100 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
[Reward poster]. 1839. 
*^ ^ Ob 1 photocopy; 29 cm. 

Reward of two hundred dollars was offered for the recovery of 
^ ^ /^-Sff .3' seeds and supplies stolen from the seed store at the Hancock, 

Mass., community. Another two hundred dollars was to be paid 
to anyone instrumental in the conviction of the thieves. 



264 Manuscript Material 



1101 Harvard, Mass., Community. 

_y ^ e- [Account book of the herb department]. 1847-1854. 

^_^ [168] p., bound; 21 cm. 

■Sf\ CO / Records money spent and taken in by the herb industry at the 

C to^^r i~o Harvard, Mass., community. 

1102 Harvard, Mass., Community. 
[Sales in store]. 1893. 

-Jj. nQ I 1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 19 cm. 

Supplied title is taken from the heading on the first page with 
'5/4 2s^ writing on it. 

Volume contains about seventy leaves, 10 percent of which have 
writing on them. Some of these written pages have records of 
sales or of house expenses, and others have recipes for home 
remedies. Generally, an unimpressive and unrevealing 
manuscript. 

1103 Hawkins, Daniel J. 

^ ^a^ A receipt book commenced 1826. 1826-1854. 
^ [96] p., bound; 12 x 21 cm. 

^A 9<^ ^ Record of payments made by Hawkins on behalf of the New 

Lebanon, N.Y., community for taxes, work done by hired 
hands, machinery, freight charges, goods, etc. 

1104 Hawkins, Jeremiah. 

^^C^i [Personal account book]. 1844-1857. 
[64] p., bound; 14 cm. 
■^/i 6/0 About one-third of this small volume contains records of activi- 

ties that either brought money to or caused money to be spent 
by this Tyringham, Mass., resident. 

1105 Hogeboom, H. 

■^ (5/ - [^i^' ^^ Richard Bushnell, Edward Fowler, and others. 1854]. 
^ -^^ 1€; 32 cm. 
vS/A I ^^6 ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ *° cover Hogeboom's attorney fees and expenses in 

Albany, N.Y. Those billed were from the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
community. 



Business and Finance 265 



1106 Jennings, Horace. 

^^V [Letter], 1860 August 7, Sears Burgh, Vt., to the agent of Leba- 
j non family of Shakers, New Lebanon, N.Y. 

\t.; 21 cm. 

Through this communication the writer offers to sell to the Shak- 
ers herbs that he has and will gather. 

1107 Kingsley, Elias. 

__^, p ^- [Letter], July 11, 1854, Boston, Mass., [to] Edward Fowler, New 
Lebanon, N.Y. 
^^ /533.3 1 p.; 25 cm. 

Letter concerns unnamed work project that Kingsley had been 
hired to perform at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. The 
Shakers were responsible for paying and housing the men Kings- 
ley sent from Boston to do the work and for buying supplies for 
the job from him. 



^a^L> 



1108 Lear, David. 

[Personal account book]. 1825-1829. 
[12] p., bound; 33 cm. 
oG^ Lear, a resident at the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, kept his 
debits and credits from February 23, 1825, to February 4, 1829, in 
this account book. Part of the entry for the first day reads 
"David Lear began to grind at the Stone Grist Mill at 16 dollars 
per month." 



^3^^ 



1109 [A list of seeds and their prices. 18 — ]. 
U.) 17 cm. 

Judging from the placement of the watermark and the words 
with missing parts, this manuscript is a fragment of something 

~^ti ICJ ; larger. The paper used for the list and the handwriting place the 
manuscript at the first half of the nineteenth century, although 
there is no definite date. Twenty-two kinds of seeds are 
included. 

1110 Markham, Jehiel. 
^^V7 [Minnit books]. 1778-1788. 

<^A 9p d 2 vols., bound; 16-17 cm. 

^ .^ St 

5A g^i 



266 Manuscript Material 



Supplied title is taken from the covers of the two volumes. 
Markham designated the first volume, covering the years 1778 to 
1784, as book no. 1, and the second volume, covering the years 
1786 to 1788, as book no. 7. The books deal with the Enfield, 
Conn., area. 

1111 Melle, Michael. 

[Business papers from an elder's desk]. 1901-1918. 
jj . wo 26 items; 6-60 cm. 

These business papers include receipts, notices concerning stock 
^f^ /3 (I . /'■^'^transactions, a newspaper in which an article appears on the 
Atlantic-Pacific Railway Tunnel Company as well as several 
other items on the company, and copies of blank certificates that 
officially identify Shaker trustees from Hancock and Pittsfield, 
Mass. The papers were kept by Melle in Pittsfield. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

1112 Munson, Stephen. 

J cqQ [Letters to Stephen Munson and a copy of a letter from Stephen 

Munson to Samuel Slater, New Providence, R.I.]. 1806-1816. 
^/) /JL2.1' f'^ 3 items; 24-33 cm. 

Correspondence concerns errors in billing made by Slater's com- 
pany, a firm that sold yarn to the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
community. 

1113 Neagoe, Peter. 

■^ ^^ir- Products of intelligence and diligence: Shakers Church family. 

Mount Lebanon, Col. Co., New York. [Ca. 1895]. 
vS/4 lOd"^ 14€.: ill., ports.; 24-38 cm. 

This group of fourteen loose plates of pen-and-ink illustrations 
was used in printed form by the New Lebanon, N.Y., commu- 
nity as a trade catalogue of Shaker cloaks and carriers. When the 
catalogue was printed, the illustrations were reduced to appear 
one-quarter of their original size. The title for this group of 
drawings is taken from the first plate done by Neagoe. It was 
also used as the cover title for the catalogue. See no. 349. 



Business and Finance 267 



:^ J-^'l 



1114 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Account book]. 1842-1843. 
[32] p., bound; 21 cm. 

Account book was kept by at least three persons judging from 
the handwritings found in it. It covers the sale and purchase of 
many kinds of products, but chiefly goods that were related to 
agriculture and farming. 

1115 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Account book]. 1859-1885. 
7 p.€., 172 p., bound; 33 cm. 

In this manuscript there are two sequences of dates. One covers 
1859 to 1865, the other the 1880s. On the preliminary leaves is 
an index of sorts listing the names of persons involved in the 
miscellaneous transactions covered in the book. 

1116 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Account book and agreements with hired workers]. 1852-1856. 
[30] p., bound; 19 cm. 

Volume was originally eighty-four pages long. The first fifty-four 
pages have been cut out. 

Includes agreements with workers hired from the world. A typi- 
cal contract reads: "Patrick Healey agrees to work the coming 
season commencing when the ground is settled & work 
7 months for $12 pr. month." It is dated July 11, 1853. 

1117 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

ij ^ / r [Account book for school supplies and general transactions]. 
1844-1855. 

[16] p., bound; 17 cm. 
Cover title: School money. 
Most of the entries are for 1844 and involve farm and agricul- 
tural implements and goods. 

1118 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

■=^ ^(e 7 [Account book of the chair shop]. 1874-1875. 
178 p.; 30 cm. 



268 Manuscript Material 



Manuscript is for the New Lebanon, N.Y., community's chair 
industry primarily, but it also contains references to other kinds 
of furniture orders. Entries include the names of the firms that 
the Shakers dealt with and their orders. From the South family. 



^ 3<^"V 



1119 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
[Account book of traveling seed salesmen]. 1832-1843. 
[116] p., bound; 18 cm. 

^/i /^ >-i Manuscript volume contains a record of the buyers of Shaker 
seeds throughout New York State, chiefly in the Hudson River 
Valley. Various routes that the seed salesmen took are named, 
such as the Poughkeepsie Route, the Hudson Route, and the 
Stuyvesant Route. Unfortunately, the products that the buyers 
purchased are not listed. 

1120 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
J/ 3Li^ [Account books]. 1855-1872. 

^ ^c>a V.t ^ ^°'^- fP- 49-172], bound; 36 cm. 

o/J s / 7 These manuscript volumes are primarily concerned with the sale 

of herbs and barks by the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. 
"^ ^{0*^ Volume 1 covers the years 1855 to 1864; volume 2, 1864 to 1872. 

^ . . ^ From the Second family. 
*• fi no Five-page index laid in at rear of the second volume contains the 

names and addresses of persons and businesses mentioned in 
the account records. 



1121 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 



^ :lCI 



[Book of accounts]. 1852-1863. 
[102] p., bound; 16 cm. 
-^A i?'^/? Record of the businesses that bought Shaker products and the 
prices they paid for the products. Goods sold by the Shakers 
include food, fabric, brooms, and leather. From the Church 
family. 

1122 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^ ^11 f^°°^ °^ accounts]. 1862-1864. 
[40] p., bound; 16 cm. 



Business and Finance 269 



Attribution is uncertain. It is based on similarities in the hand- 
writings, businesses mentioned, and dates cited here and in 
entry no. 1121, which is identified positively. Thus, probably 
from the Church family. 

In addition to references to the businesses buying Shaker prod- 
ucts and the items sold, this volume contains financial records 
for trips taken as far south as Washington, D.C., by community 
members. 

1123 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

w 3^jj_ [Census returns for the chair factory]. 1863-1869. 
3 items; 20-22 cm. 
;/V lO^^' Supplied title is taken from the back of one of the manuscripts. 
/ - 3 One item records the prices and the number of chairs to be dis- 
posed of by the Second family by March 24, 1863. Another item 
is a record of chair production for 1869; it shows that costs 
equaled the income from sales. The third item is an undated let- 
ter from C. W. Bacon, of Mt. Lebanon Center, to R. M. Wagan 
requesting detailed information about chair making during the 
previous year, including labor costs, the value of the materials 
used, and how much time the factory was in operation. 

1124 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

*. . <2> / [Certification of road work completed. Ca. 1800]. 
[2] p.; 35 cm. 
erh 23.2 Date of this manuscript is based on the paper's watermark. 
Signed by David W. Patterson, this document concerns work 
done by the Shakers on roads in the New Lebanon, N.Y., 
community. 

1125 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^2^ ^ Chair-room order book. 1884-1885. 

166, [2] p., bound; 31 cm. 
'^ A '9d5 Cover tide. 

Order book covers the time between February 1884 and March 
1885. Arranged chronologically, it is a record of the places where 
Shaker chairs were sold. Five pages at the end of the manuscript 
contain a list of stores with which the Shakers did business. 



270 Manuscript Material 



1126 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ /3_2 Circular to Believers universally. 1864. 

^A 76f [4] p.; 32 cm. 

Concerns financial obligations incurred by Shakers in the world. 

1127 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

a -sqn [Collection of authorizations from patent holders to the Shakers 

/^5&, 1''^ ^t New Lebanon and Canaan for the use of patented goods]. 
^^ ' 1797-183L 

9 items; 14-35 cm. 

Through these authorizations patent holders granted, for a fee, 
rights of use to Shakers. The patented products included a 
revolving timber plane, a loom, a washing machine, a flywheel 
for grinding, a bark mill, a shearing machine, a tanning roller, a 
ten-spindled spinner, and a door and window spring. Five of 
the documents are handwritten, and four are printed forms that 
have been filled in. 

1128 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

41 j:) -f L ~ ^'^C [Collection of bills and letters relating to business activities]. 
1805-1878. 

5A ^/ ' 2 - 23 items; 7-42 cm. 

C A ^ ll ^^ '•^^ twenty-three items in this group, seven bear the name of 

"^ D. C. Brainard and have to do with seeds and vegetables. Also 

included are letters exchanged with London, England, and 
Toronto, Canada, firms. Eight items concern Shaker transactions, 
through Edward Fowler, with the Albany, N.Y., printing busi- 
ness of Charles Van Benthuysen (labels, catalogues of merchan- 
dise, billheads, cards, and price Usts); with herb and medicine 
dealers; and with the Matteawan Machine and Manufacturing 
Company, which had provided the New Lebanon, N.Y., com- 
munity with a steam boiler. 

1129 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

-jJ '^ryrr [Collection of miscellaneous material relating to the herb busi- 

ness]. 1866-1886. 
^i\ l(^l^'h(r 5 itei^s; 8-32 cm. 



Business and Finance 271 



This group of items consists of three postal cards, 1885-1886, 
inquiring about orders; a broadside advertisement for toothache 
pellets; pages 25-34 of a printed catalogue offering herbs and 
garden seeds; and four pages torn from an account book dated 
1866, recording herb sales. 

1130 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
/^ -J r, I _ [Collection of receipts and notes]. 1786-1906. 
293 items: ill.; 5-31 cm. 

In this assemblage of manuscripts are receipts for personal and 
v5/) f/^ commercial transactions. The former includes receipts for per- 

f/'?''' sonal loans, for work performed, and for property damage. All 
fa^ ■'' date from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. 
(3j/^ 1-3 They are without exception in handwritten form. 
^ -J /-2. Receipts covering commercial transactions constitute the bulk of 
^3 (-X the group and date from the 1820s to 1906; most, however, are 
QnLl.l'^^ from the 1820s through the 1840s. These manuscripts are chiefly 

_ (-55 handwritten, although several are printed forms with illustra- 
/ ' tions. Most of the commercial receipts are from store owners 

*^^«' who sold goods to members of the Shaker community at New 



<^X'^ -'"^ Lebanon, N.Y. These goods range from the miscellaneous items 
<^;j.4'' ' •^ needed to carry on with everyday life to stoves and livestock. 
'in '^H- "^^^ Slightly more than two dozen commercial receipts from the 
^ 3 1 i-i 1870s are from shipping lines and railroads. They provide a 

^record of what was sent to England and to other parts of Amer- 
SP> 7^^' ica from New Lebanon's seed industry. 

SA ^Si Individually these manuscripts might offer little information to 
a -'^00 researchers. Collectively, however, they are a valuable resource 
•^^^° ll^or studying how the Shakers had to use "the world" in order to 

■^^ ^3 f ,' / d "maintain themselves apart from it. 

New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

The different prices of bonnets set by the office deaconess at Mt. 

Lebanon. 1869. 

K.; 22 cm. 

Eldress Clarissa Jacobs writes that the prices of straw and palm 

bonnets vary from seventy-five cents to five dollars. 



9'.-?.^ 


1131 


^:S£? 


^A?% 



171 Manuscript Material 



1132 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
Ledger no. I. 1827-1838. 

^«2^V [182] p., bound; 21 cm. 

^ . Manuscript volume records items bought and sold by the New 

"--^^ ' Lebanon, N.Y., community's seed industry. Toward the end of 

the ledger, diarylike entries are found: "Sold medicine at the 
office this month," for August 1836; and "Sent letters for orders 
in Bailey's Box — went by way of Hudson, also 1 box & 5 casks to 
New Bergh by Hudson Tow Boats," for August 12, 1836, are 
examples. 

Includes an alphabetical list of customers at the front of the 
volume. 

1133 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ i^o/ [Letter], April 14, 1843, New Lebanon, N.Y., [to] Beloved Dea- 

cons [Canterbury, N.H.]. 
S/^ lOl^ U.;26cm. 

This letter, probably a copy of the one sent, concerns the Can- 
terbury Shaker's first book, A holy, sacred and divine roll hook by 
Philemon Stewart (see no. 416). The New Lebanon Shakers offer 
advice on printing the book to their brothers at Canterbury. 
When this letter was sent, Stewart and Giles B. Avery were 
about to embark for Canterbury with the manuscript. 

1134 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

J^ ^c. ( Memorandum of baskets &c. kept by the basket makers: also 
directions for weaving, twilling and proceeding with the work, 
<y^ ^7 7 -5 recorded from 1855. 1855-1874. 

1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 19 cm. 

Only about one-fifth of the pages of this book have any writing. 
The volume provides an annual record of the number of baskets 
made and the names of the weavers, in addition to brief instruc- 
tions on how to make baskets. 

1135 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^cP Sy [Miscellaneous account records, chiefly Jonathan Wood's]. 1791- 



(^^.t SiV e'^M.f^ 



Business and Finance 273 



8 items; 13-32 cm. 

Wood was a grinder at the mill. Most of his work was with 

flour, wheat, and plaster. 

1136 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Proposal and other papers regarding the publication of The lesti- 
-tr ■6£C mony of Christ's second appearing . . .]. 1809. 
sA }0 IS 1-^ ^ items; 7-32 cm. 

Papers in this collection show the requirements of the New 
Lebanon Shakers for the publication of Benjamin Youngs's book 
(see no. 463). The printing firm of E. and E. Hosford, Albany, 
N.Y., responded with prices for printing as well as for paper 
and binding supplies. 

1137 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
j/^q^ [Receipt book]. 1829-1856. 

'=^ 1 vol. (unpaged), bound; 11 x 22 cm. 

S,pi ^30 Manuscript volume contains a record of payments from the 
Shaker community at New Lebanon, N.Y., to local residents. 
These payments were usually made by either Israel Hammond, 
Stephen Munson, or Jonathan Wood. 

Only about eighty pages contain information, approximately 
one-third of the volume. A typical entry reads: "Rec'd. New 
Lebanon Jany 27th 1835 of Jonathan Wood forty-eight dollars & 
eighteen cents in full of all demands up to this date. Henry 
Tanner." 

1138 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^3^S [Requests for Shaker cloaks and fabric]. 1855-[ca. 1880]. 
5 items: col. samples; 5-22 cm. 
SA 10 03 ^^^^^ °^ *h^ it^"^s in this group are orders for Shaker-made 

cloaks; two of those orders include swatches from the cloth to be 
used. Another item is a memorandum recording the sending of 
fabric by Joseph Patten, presumably of New Lebanon, N.Y., to 
the Hancock, Mass., community. The fifth item is a request from 
Benjamin Gates for a specific kind of cloth; a swatch is included. 
Gates's request was written on the back of a card that advertised 



17^ Manuscript Material 



the various kinds of brooms manufactured by the Shakers and 
which were available from Gates. 

1139 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

// z?<jfs [Tannery account book]. 1835-1878. 

[290] p., bound; 22 cm. 
-S/i /OS.S jri addition to the business's accounts, tannery activities were 

sometimes recorded in this volume. Frequently, there is a yearly 
summation of the work, and, for the year 1846, there is a daily 
journal of what was done at the tannery. 

Inside the front cover is a note stating that the volume had been 
bound by Henry DeWitt at New Lebanon, N.Y., presumably in 
leather from the local tannery. 

1140 New York State. Commissioner of the Revenue. 

J/ ^ a/. License to work a still for distilling spirits from domestic mate- 

rials. 1814. 
^/\ /03^ U.;20 X 25 cm. 

License applicant was Jonathan Wood of the Canaan, N.Y., 
Shakers. A license was granted to him for a two-week period 
beginning April 18, 1814. 

1141 Ovid. 

"^3^3 [Letter], 1833 October 7, New York, N.Y., [to] Dr. Vassal White, 
Becket, Mass. 
SA^JI [4] p.; 25 cm. 

Ovid was sent to New York City by Dr. White to collect money 
owed by a man named Nash, an attorney. In this letter Ovid 
reports to the doctor on his activities. 

1142 Roberts, Florence. 

Jj /O^ ' ~ [Collection of letters written by Shakers and notes on the 

d (t)0'4 Canaan, N.Y., Shaker community]. 1932-[ca. 1945]. 

c ty ,~,f (I \~LJ ^2 items: diagrm.; 10-28 cm. 

_. _ I ^ Letters in this group are addressed to Florence and John S. Rob- 
-j / erts. Most were written by either Sarah Collins or Martha Weth- 
3 ~7 i? ' ^^^'^ ^^^ have to do with chair making and with news of the 
residents of the New Lebanon, N.Y., community. Many of the 

^ it> It SA ric2. ^r 
^ ion s(\ rio<i, s<\ 



Business and Finance 275 



letters are on stationery from the firm R. M. Wagan and 

Company. 

Notes are about members of the Canaan, N.Y., families and 

include a diagram of the Canaan Shaker cemetery. Mr. and 

Mrs. Roberts lived on the Shaker farm in Canaan. 

1143 Seaton, Caty. 

_^ . [Letter], December 8, 1815, Canaan, N.Y., [to] Deacon Morral 
Baaker. 
SA ^J£.i- [2] p.; 32 cm. 

Letter signed by Caty Ceten having to do with a $9.28 debt. The 
text is difficult to understand. 

1144 Shaker Seed Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
. ^ , [Bill. Ca. 1880]. 

' ^^'^ 1€.; 23 cm. 
(jD /0^^'3L Established in 1794, this company's bill for beets, carrots, toma- 
toes, and parsnips is undated. It is made out to an "Esteemed 
Friend." 

1145 Shaker Seed Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 

-^ ^ i-]^ Shakers choice vegetable seeds. Rochester, N.Y.: Stecher Lith. 
. Co., [ca. 1875]. 
6/^ /3S^.-2- J broadside: col. ill.; 22 x 38 cm. 
Box label. 

1146 Smith, Thomas S. 

4l ^ Q ( [Letters and telegrams to Robert Valentine concerning Shaker 
finances]. 1885-1904. 
S/\ /-? 3 ^ • 70 items; 13-32 cm. 

I ^~] These letters provide a tantalizing glimpse into what were prob- 
ably among the most significant income-producing activities of 
the Shakers during the late nineteenth and early twentieth cen- 
turies — real-estate transactions and investments. The writer of 
these letters, Thomas S. Smith, was a New York City attorney 
who seems to have had responsibility for helping manage 
Shaker finances. Smith's letters lead the reader to believe that 
the Shakers, through Robert Valentine, a New Lebanon, N.Y., 



176 Manuscript Material 



resident, held or wished to hold an interest in farmland in 
upstate New York, timber acreage in Arkansas and Mississippi, 
houses in New York City and Boston, a boat slip in New York 
harbor, and the Hotel Sweeney on Park Row, in New York City. 
At times Smith's letters provide vivid detail, and they include 
examples of the writer's strong opinions (referring to realtors. 
Smith wrote in 1889: "I am afraid this world, or life, is too short 
to handle real estate in. All men connected with it seem to forget 
bargains, promises and everything else except to call for their 
interest"). But it is not always clear from the letters whether the 
Shakers' or Smith's own financial activities are being discussed. 
Smith apparently considered Valentine a confidant and thus 
wrote to him about his personal business affairs. These included 
a quite successful gas-lighting business with outlets in New York 
City, Buffalo, N.Y., Cincinnati, Ohio, and Washington, D.C., . 
and a quite disastrous investment in some sort of carving 
machine. It is unfortunate that Valentine's letters to Smith are 
not a part of this group. Their contents would doubtless clear up 
any questions and corroborate the transactions detailed by 
Smith. 

1147 Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
J/ ^ -y [Receipt book]. 1894-1895. 

^ ' 238€., bound; 9 x 21 cm. 

^ A Ci^ 4 Volume of printed forms headed Shakers, Mass. On the forms 
is written "Received from R. M. Wagan & Co. in good order, on 
board the Boston & Albany R. R. the following packages. ..." 
Space for the names of the customer and the agent follows, as 
well as a place to mark the kind of merchandise — chair, case, or 
barrel. Although firms from as far away as Washington, D.C., 
and Chicago, 111., purchased from Wagan, most of Wagan's cus- 
tomers were situated in New England and New York. 

1148 Wagan, R. M., & Co. (New Lebanon, N.Y.). 
4/ Qr.r [Receipts]. 1933. 

^ ^t^-> 3 items: ill.; 12 x 21 to 22 x 14 cm. 

Sj.)\ l^'-i^ - Receipts made out to John S. Roberts covering the purchase of 
Shaker-made furniture. 



Business and Finance 277 



1149 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

Account of cash articles: book II. 1803-1805. 
'^ 3L(i>^ [48] p., bound; 19 cm. 

Accounts on pages [1-26] have money expressed in pounds, 
XA f <^C) shillings, and pence. 

Second section of the manuscript contains a short diary that cov- 
ers November 9, 1819, to May 20, 1823. Within this diary is a 
page on the death of Mother Lucy. This section also contains 
'^ much poetry, some of which carries a date. 



1150 Wells, Seth Youngs. 



± I2.H 



Importance of keeping correct book accounts. 1836. 
10 p., bound; 21 cm. 
^ t. 7 7 / Essay, copied from another source and dated September 1, 1836, 
concerns the necessity of maintaining accurate financial records. 
"The foregoing remarks have received the approbation of the 
ministry & Elders of the church, and are hereby reccommended 
to the consideration & serious attention of every family in every 
Society of Believers. [Signed] Rufus Bishop." 

1151 White, Jefferson (Thompsonville, Conn.). 
^ [Billhead]. Ca. 1850. 

"^ ' U) 16 X 20 cm. 

c A Or <^ White describes himself as a "seedsman & florist of the United 
Society of Shakers." In addition, he offers for sale herbs, oval 
sugar boxes, fancy broom brushes, brooms, and dry measures. 

1152 Woods, Jonathan. 

.^^ cc [Personal account book]. 1816-1836. 
[40] p., bound; 21 cm. 
o/> a /cJ_ Most of the records in this volume date from 1816 and 1817. 
Woods resided in New Lebanon, N.Y. 



Charitable Contributions 



1153 Farnam, James. 
^ ^ A bill of articles given to James Farnam's family. 1830. 

' [4] p.; 33 cm. 
v^A "f S? These articles were given to the Farnams by the Hancock, Mass. 
community after the destruction by fire of the family's house. 
Most of the gifts were clothes, bedding, and food. 



1154 Hancock, Mass., Community. 
-J^ j~}Q [List of goods sent to the office by the West family]. 1852. 

U.; 25 cm. 
List includes food and clothing. 



^k ^<^7 



Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 



1155 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

[Articles received of the church and families for the poor office]. 
^ :XS4 1806-1834. 

[128] p., bound; 24 cm. 
^f\ ^^ / Supplied title is taken from the heading of an early page. 

Manuscript consists of three parts. The first part is a record of 
goods that the New Lebanon, N.Y., Shakers gave away to the 
needy from 1806 to 1814. Contributors' names and the items 
they donated are included. The second part, covering 1816 to 
1820, has to do chiefly with money that the Shakers paid out in 
business transactions. The third part, in addition to listing chari- 
table contributions, records money received by the New Leba- 
non community to carry on with its programs, such as 
construction and schooling, and for the support of some of its 
residents. Most of these entries date from the 1820s. 



17S 



Charitable Contributions 279 



1156 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

j^ [Donation to Portsmouth, N.H., fire victims]. 1803. 

^^^ H.;31cm. 
SA ^13 • I "^^ hereby send to thy care and disposal the sum of 250 dollars 
under the special care of Joshua Danforth, Esq. for the relief of 
those who are rendered destitute of property or are real objects 
of charity by the late fire. ..." 

1157 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 
^ s^j [Notebook of products]. 1875-1896. 

[34] p., bound; 14 cm. 
-SA- /^3X ^^^^^ t^o pages consist of a list, dated March 1875, of "goods 
given from the office to C. H. H. after the fire." The remaining 
pages, when not blank, record products given or sold to individ- 
uals or to other Shaker communities. 

1158 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ T , _ [Receipt for donation to Petersburgh, N.Y., poor]. 1815. 
■^ IL; 17 X 20 cm. 

5/V 'f 73 . X The New Lebanon and Watervliet, N.Y., communities gave four 
hundred dollars to the poor of Petersburgh, N.Y. 



1159 Tyringham, Mass., Community. 



^ n 



Brief inventory of the personal property of the Shaker commu- 
nity in Tyringham after the union of the two families, Dec. 1861: 
'■^4 ?^7 "ot including wearing apparrel, furniture, tools, &c. &c. 1862. 
[2] p.; 32 cm. 

Although an inventory of goods, including such diverse items as 
food, animals, and paint, this manuscript also documents how 
one Shaker family gave to another of the community when the 
future seemed uncertain. A note states: "Due to the sisters of the 
family by the Brethren $286." 

1160 Williams, John E. 
^ f^^-j [Letter], 1861 February 28, New York, N.Y., [to] Messrs. Edward 
Fowler & Benjamin Gates, New Lebanon, N.Y. 
^A^/75 l^;21cm. 

Williams, treasurer of the New York Kansas Relief Committee, 
thanks "several Sociehcs of Shakes" for their donation of $102. 



Conscription 



1161 Burnham, E. 

Jl ' lUl [Letter], 1863 June 19, Union Village, Ohio, [to] Belov'd Bro. 

^fi^ f ^c? . ■S- Letter includes the names of two Shakers at the Union Village, 
Ohio, community who were liable for military service during the 
Civil War. These names were offered in addition to the names 
on an earlier list, presumably lost, of other eligible men from the 
same community. 

1162 Canterbury, N.H., Community. 

w Names of males between the ages of 18 and 45 in the Society at 

^^^ Canterbury, N.H. [1863]. 

^A '7^0 1^-' 31 X 40 cm. 

Presumably compiled when the Canterbury, N.H., community 
faced the threat of male conscription, this list contains twenty- 
four names. It also includes the age, place of birth, occupation, 
and infirmities, if any (right hand maimed, subject to fits, par- 
tially insane, weak lungs, etc.), of those listed. 



1163 Doty, Lockwood S. 

•^ <^4H [Telegram], 1863 July 17, Geneseo, N.Y., [to] Benjamin Gates, 
New Lebanon, N.Y. 
S/\ ^^7 H.;21cm. 

"\ will meet you at Congress Hall, Rochester, Monday morning 
[to discuss conscription]." 

1164 Enfield, N.H., Community. 

■^ ^il> [List of men liable for military duty]. 1863. 
1€.; 21 cm. 



^K ^ei 



280 



Conscription 281 



List includes twenty-three names with the place of birth and age 
of each man. "About 1/3 of the above would be exempt from 
physical inability." 

1165 [Evans, Frederick William]. 

^ ^£U/ [Draft of a petition to President Abraham Lincoln concerning 

Shaker men serving in the military during the Civil War. 1863]. 

S/^11^ 7€.; 32-36 cm. 

Attribution is based on the similarity of this manuscript draft in 
its wording and contents to the petition delivered to President 
Lincoln by Evans and Benjamin Gates in 1863. This petition is 
printed in White and Taylor, Shakerism: its meaning and mes- 
sage . . ., pages 182-183 (no. 266). It is discussed in chapter 10 of 
Andrews, The people called Shakers (nos. 491 and 492). See also 
no. 1166. 



1166 [Evans, Frederick William]. 

^'\3^S [Draft of a petition to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton con- 
cerning Shaker men serving in the military during the Civil War. 
SA 773-/1863]. 

5€.; 36 cm. 

This manuscript is similar in wording and content to the draft of 
a petition to President Lincoln by Evans and Benjamin Gates 
concerning Shakers and military service. Attribution is based on 
these similarities. See White and Taylor, Shakerism: its meaning 
and message . . ., pages 182-183 (no. 266). See also no. 1165. 

1167 Green, Calvin. 

^^^1 [Letter], 1824 March 15, Watervliet, N.Y., to the Hon. . . ., rep- 
resentative in Congress from the state of New York, Washing- 
^A 19'^! ton, D.C. 
K.; 25 cm. 

Letter is printed and may have been used as a proof. Corrections 
to the text are made in the margin. 

Letter is also signed by Stephen Munson and David Osborn. 
"We feel it our duty to address you and your honorable col- 
leagues from this state, and respectfully solicit your support in 



282 Manuscript Material 



behalf of our religious claim for exemption from militia 
duty. ..." 

1168 Hancock, Mass., Community. 

u^r'7 [Men at Hancock and Enfield, Conn., between the ages of 18 
and 45 liable under the conscription law to enrollment]. 1863. 
^A ,5^7 [4] P; 25 cm. 

^ Supplied title is taken from the heading on page 3. 

Information on each man includes his name, place of birth, 
occupation, and, sometimes, handicap. Cyrus J. Whitehead, for 
example, had his right hand "ruined" by a circular saw. 

1169 Harvard, Mass., Community. 

^ jpdj List of all mail members in the United Society of Shakers in Har- 

vard, Mass., liable to do military duty. 1863. 
ShVi^^ U.;26cm. 

Includes four names. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

1170 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

U :2cz r ^^^* '^^ names of those liable to military duty. 1863. 
•^ 3 items; 25-34 cm. 

•^A (&& ii'S> Information includes name, birthplace, age, occupation, and 
infirmities if any (blind left eye, hernia, dwarf, etc.). 
Four names on one of the items are of members of the Water- 
vliet, N.Y., community. 

1171 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^ 5//£" _ 34/ ^[Manuscripts relating to military service]. 1792-1850. 
13 items; 5-26 cm. 
•S f\ 7 £._> Manuscripts include documents relating to fines levied against 

. Shakers for not serving in the armed services, notices to Shakers 

•on /oT' /" '-^ to appear for active duty, and a copy of a resolution that Amos 
Butrich be granted a pension for having fought in the Revolu- 
tionary War. Apart from Butrich, residents of the New Lebanon 
and Canaan, N.Y., communities were named in the documents. 



Conscription 283 



1172 New York State. Legislature. Senate. 

^ _QLj'i In Senate, Feb. 19, 1816: the memorial of the Society of people of 
, r, mr- New-Lebanon, in the county of Columbia, and Watervliet, in the 
^ ' county of Albany, commonly called Shakers. 

5 p.; 34 cm. 

"Your memorialists therefore, with all due respect, pray your 
honourable body that, in consideration of the premises, you will 
be pleased to pass a law, exempting the people called Shakers, 
residing within the state of New-York, from military duty, and 
from the payment of any sum or sums of money in lieu 
thereof." The petition is signed by 125 people, presumably all of 
whom were male Shakers who resided in communities in New 
York State. 

1173 North Union, Ohio, Community. 

M ^ifLj [List of men liable for military duty. 1863]. 
H.; 20 X 25 cm. 

Includes the names of thirteen men, their places of birth, and 
their ages. Where applicable, their infirmities are noted. 



Sh ^^3 



1174 Nutting, Jonas. 

-4 :s d\ [Letter], 1863 June 11, Shirley, Mass., [to] Benjamin Gates, New 
^^' Lebanon, N.Y. 
^;) 77"?'^ [4] p.; 20 cm. 

Letter includes the names of eight Shakers at Shirley, Mass., 
who were liable for conscription. 

1175 Nutting, Jonas. 

^ S'-fl [Letter], 1863 July 26, Shirley, Mass., [to] Benjamin Gates, New 
Lebanon, N.Y. 
.SA ^7f-3 [2] p.; 21 cm. 

Nutting and John Whitney ask Gates for advice concerning 
Shakers who might be liable for mihtary service during the Civil 
War. 

1176 Sawyer, Otis. 

'^sH'O [Letter], 1863 July 24, Alfred, Maine, [to] Abraham Lincoln and 
n r~. r\ Edwin M. Stanton, Washington, D.C. 



284 Manuscript Material 



[2] p.; 32 cm. 

Sawyer and Samuel Kendrick petition President Lincoln and Sec- 
retary of War Stanton for the discharge of two Shakers, John B. 
Vance and Joseph A. Gilman, from the armed services. 

1177 Sawyer, Otis. 

Jl 339 Total amount of pension money which might have been received 
from government by members who served in the war of the 
"^A ^ 7Y Revolution and subsequently joined the Society of Shakers in 
Alfred and New Gloucester, state of Maine. 1863. 
2 items; 20-32 cm. 

"The writer has taken some pains to compile this with care 
believing it may be of some service to the historian of future 
years." 

If the pension money had been invested, it would have yielded 
$179,145.33 by June 1863. However, the money was never 
accepted from the government by the Shakers, who cited reli- 
gious reasons for declining to take it. 

1178 Slingland, Elizabeth. 

^ =!'j/^ [Deposition concerning the military service of Walter Slingland]. 
"" 1854. 

S^ f <?^ K.; 25 cm. 

Slingland's husband served in the Mexican War. He was dis- 
charged in Mexico and was killed before he could return to the 
United States. 

Deposition was taken by Hampton C. Bull, justice of the peace, 
Columbia County, N.Y. 



^35S 



1179 Stanton, Edwin M. 

Memorial to the Honorable Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War 
of the United States. [1863]. 
CA q^S,Ju [2] p.; 33 cm. 
^*^" ' ' This unsigned manuscript presents to the secretary of war the 

reasons why Shakers should be excluded from military service. 
While claiming a life apart from the world, "as loyal subjects of 
the Government of the United States, for its preservation and 
prosperity your Petitioners will ever Pray." 



Conscription 285 



1180 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 

-^ SS '"^ {^^^^ of men liable for military duty. 1863]. 
^^ '" U.-IQ X 25 cm. 
S-h I ' Includes the names, ages, birthplaces, occupations, and infirmi- 

ties, if any, of the sixteen men who are listed. 

1181 Williams, Nathan. 

T^3^&3 [Certificate of examination for military service]. 1805. 
[2] p.; 16 X 21 cm. 
^y^ ^^\ Manuscript, signed in Canaan, N.Y., reveals that Williams was 
unfit for military service, but it does not specify a reason. 



Legal Matters and Relations with "the World' 



1182 Bull, Hampton C. 

■M s.Q-n [Letter], June 19, 1878, Lebanon Springs, N.Y., [to] D. C. Brain- 
^^' ard [New Lebanon, N.Y.]. 
^/) lOJiS [4] p.; 32 cm. 

Concerns a court case in Tennessee between J. W. Morton and 
A. B. Morton, who. Bull concludes, were related. A. B. sold 
Shaker seeds to J. W., and the seeds failed to produce a crop. 
Brainard is assured by Bull, presumably his legal advisor, that he 
could not be held liable for any damages because of this failure 
of seeds that he had originally marketed. 

1183 Deming, Nathaniel. 

U OAi [Recollections of Jonathan Southwick and an Ashfield mob. 
^ ^^' Ca. 1825]. 
S^ 1541 H.;25cm. 

Recollections concern a conversation between Southwick and a 
Captain Thomas Stockin (or Stocking) about a drunken mob of 
some three hundred persons that threatened Shakers at Ash- 
field, Mass. Ashfield was the site of an incipient Shaker commu- 
nity briefly during the 1780s. 

In addition to Deming's name, those of Daniel Goodrich and 
Comstock Betts appear on this manuscript. 

1184 Ex parte Shaker societies: brief. [Ca. 1870]. 
J ^ , 16€.; 32 cm. 

Manuscript was written to argue against the government's insist- 
(TK QjJ'^ ence that Shakers pay income tax. It begins with a sketch of 

Shaker history, continues with a summary of Shaker beliefs as 
they are written in the covenant, and concludes with statements 
that refute the government's position. A tax act of 1867 is cited. 



286 



Relations with "the World" 287 



1185 Fletcher, Hezekiah. 

^ S'^1 [Power of attorney]. 1812. 

.a/c f^l P-' ^^ ^^■ 
v5A itrz> Fletcher, a resident of Canaan, N.Y., appoints Nathan Kendal, 

also of Canaan, his attorney to act in his name. 

1186 Harvard, Mass., Community. 

^Xf 3 [Letter and a copy of a letter to the New Lebanon, N.Y., com- 
munity]. 1825-1832. 
5^9 /^^ 2 items; 24-33 cm. 

,/ ' X Letter dated 1825 — a generally unrevealing document — concerns 
the Shakers' involvement in a court case occasioned by their 
supposed abuse of Seth Babbitt. The 1832 letter discusses the 
departure of one of the Harvard brothers and, also, an accident 
at the Shirley, Mass., community in which Hiram S. Grover died 
in a fall from the office building roof on which he had been 
working. 

1187 Massachusetts. Legislature. 

_jj/ ^^c; [An act respecting gifts and donations. Ca. 1810]. 
\L; 25 cm. 
SA '^13>.3> This undated act, present in the collection through a manuscript 
copy, deals with the relationship between Protestant churches 
and donations to the poor. 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

See New Lebanon, N.Y., Community 

1188 New Lebanon, N.Y., Community. 

^5^5''/ [Manuscripts relating to court cases]. 1845-1858. 
' 9 items; 20-32 cm. 
^M jIp I This group of manuscripts deals chiefly with liHgation concern- 
^ :p 2 ^ ing the Shakers and some of their apprentices. Prominent among 
the names of those involved in suits against the New Lebanon, 
■SA /^a ' N.Y., community is that of William H. Pillow, who wanted the 

^ Shakers to release one of his sons from their custody. Pillow had 
^ -2.2 ;a_ entered into an agreement with the New Lebanon Shakers 

iA ^10 > I- '2- whereby the Shakers would provide a home for and teach a 



288 Manuscript Material 



trade to his son. In an effort to get his child back. Pillow argued 
that the indenture was invalid because it did not specify which 
trade. He also charged the Shakers with "inculcating [in chil- 
dren] civil and religious principles of an immoral and mischev- 
ious tendency." 

1189 New York State. Bureau of Boiler Inspection. 
ji _ Annual certificates of inspection. 1875. 

^ ^^ 2 items: ill.; 40 cm. 
< A ^ ^/ Documents certify the inspection of two boilers (one installed in 
"^ 1852, the other in 1866) in the herb department at the New 

Lebanon, N.Y., community. Some repairs to the older boiler 
were required. 



1190 New York State. Legislature. Assembly. 
^ Members and officers of the Assembly of the state of New-York, 

■^ 1839: with their places of residence in the city of Albany and 

<^A ^L/) I J^earest post-office to their permanent residence. 
1€.; 66 cm. 
At head of title: No. 12. 



1191 New York State. Legislature. Senate. 

4/ ..^ Members and officers composing the Senate of the state of New- 

^ '^' York: with their respective districts, classes, and places of resi- 
-^ A^lpO'^ dence. 1839. 
1€.; 26 cm. 

List is for the 62d session, 1839. 
At head of title: No. 6. 

1192 [Public notices regarding Shaker meetings and agents and a 
tjr 7 s^ record of debate concerning the Shakers and minors]. 

^^ ' 1842-[ca. 1844]. 
\4\ 'T'y^ 5 items; 10-37 cm. 

Three of the items in this group are notices that the Shakers' 
meetings at Watervliet and New Lebanon, N.Y., Canterbury, 
N.H., and Enfield, Conn., were to be closed to the public; one 
item concerns persons who act as Shaker representatives without 
the authority to do so; and one item deals with a debate in the 



Relations with "the World" 289 



New York legislature on the wisdom of conducting an investiga- 
tion into the state's Shaker communities and the Shaker way of 
life. 

Safford, William. 

[Power of attorney]. 1807. 

K.; 18 X 21 cm. 

Safford, a resident of Canaan, N.Y., appoints Aaron Jewet of 

Harvard, Mass., his attorney to act in his name. 



^(^f 



Seeley, Josephus. 

[Copy of testimony concerning the illegal sale of herbs]. 1838. 
[4] p.; 25 cm. 

Seeley, a twenty-year resident of the New Lebanon, N.Y., com- 
munity, left the Shakers and entered into business locally with a 
man named Tilden. He and Tilden purchased herbs at wholesale 
prices from Lewis Wheeler, a New Lebanon Shaker. Wheeler, 
willfully neglecting to inform the community of his sales, made 
several thousand dollars and at the time of this testimony was 
looking for "some pretty girl who would like to join hands with 
a young man like himself." The resolution of this case is not 
apparent from the rest of the document. 

Ward, Durbin. 

[Collection of manuscripts having to do with Shakers and taxes. 
Ca. 1869]. 
3 items; 18-32 cm. 

This group includes a note from Ward to Benjamin Gates or 
Edward Fowler concerning the value of the personal property of 
the eighteen Shaker communities and two items connected with 
a pamphlet on taxes that Ward had written. Shaker income tax: 
application to Commissioner [Columbus] Delano, 1869 (see no. 435). 
The first item is a proof sheet of the final three paragraphs of the 
pamphlet, and the second is a handwritten version of the pam- 
phlet's printed pages 14 to 21. 

1196 Watervliet, N.Y., Community. 
>^^ To the Senate of the state of New-York. [S.I.: s.n.], 1845. 
Broadside; 33 cm. 



290 Manuscript Material 



Communication refutes the allegation that Shakers abused the 
children in their custody. The case of Sarah Ogden is outlined, 
and the legislators are invited to the Watervliet, N.Y., commu- 
nity to see for themselves the conditions in which the Shaker 
charges live. 



^s^'i 



1197 Whitlaw, Charles. 

[Letter], 1848 January 14, London, Eng., [to] the Senate and 
Assembly of the State of New York, Albany, N.Y. 
c^N ^(fi^ [4] p.; 33 cm. 

Whitlaw petitions New York State for a reward in recognition of 
his services during epidemics that had broken out in the 1790s. 
He claims that he discovered cures for the diseases that were 
afflicting the populace and, furthermore, that exgovernor Clinton 
had assured him that such a reward would be forthcoming. 



Manuscripts about the Shakers 
from Non-Shaker Sources 



1198 Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna. 

[Collection of materials on theosophy]. 1884-[ca. 1920]. 
_/ ^^C 41 items: ports.; 8-32 cm. 

In 1873 Madame Blavatsky came to New York City, where she 

:? /g befriended a number of persons interested in spiritualism. Two 
h years later, along with Colonel Henry S. Olcott, William Q. 

Judge, and others, she established the Theosophical Society. In 
1878 she and her followers established the official headquarters 
of the society in India. At the time of Madame Blavatsky's death 
in 1891, nearly one hundred thousand people were acknowl- 
edged adherents. 

This assemblage of material contains letters, some presumably in 
Madame Blavatsky's own hand, photographs of the leaders of 
the theosophical movement, several printed articles from late 
nineteenth-century periodicals, and items bearing the name of 
Laura Langford (then Laura Holloway). While no Shaker is spe- 
cifically mentioned in these items, the Shakers and Theosophists 
are connected through their common interest in spiritualism and 
Mrs. Langford's ties to both movements. 



1199 [Confession of a medium. Ca. 1869]. 
^ xj^ I [4], 98 p., bound; 32 cm. 

Manuscript volume, perhaps compiled by a New Lebanon, N.Y., 
ihl^ Shaker, contains many Poe-like tales of the macabre featuring 
A spiritualism and death. The supplied title is the title of the first 

tale. Two other stories are "The skeleton in the chapel" and 
"Entombed alive in a dead-house: a leaf from the life of a Paris 
medical student." Aside from the spiritualism tie-in, there are 
two articles copied into this volume that relate to Shaker life: 



291 



^^2 Manuscript Material 



"The Lebanon Shakers" by Henry Vincent (see no. 428 for a 
printed version) and "Creation and the fall of man" by F. W. 
Evans, a lecture originally delivered in Boston on November 11, 
1868. A table of contents acts as an index to the volume. 

1200 Corning, Norton & Co. (Albany, N.Y.). 
J/^^/5 [Receipt]. 1828. 

1 item: ill.; 16 x 20 cm. 
■SA / 3 3/ Company operated the Eagle Air Furnace, which could "furnish 

to order at the shortest notice, mill castings of every description 
for merchant and country mills, cotton factories, &c." One of the 
company's products was a Shaker stove. 

1201 Giddings, S. M. (New York City). 
u c^. [Bill to D. J. Lanman & Co.]. 1853. 
^ '^ U.;ll X 20 cm. 

6 A / ST^ Giddings operated a store, at 112 John Street in New York City, 

in which there was something called a Shaker Depot. He had 
"constantly on hand a choice assortment of Shakers' herbs, oint- 
ments, extracts, seeds, sieves, boxes, sweet corn, &c." The pur- 
chaser bought wormwood on December 2, 1853. 

Langford, Mrs. Laura Carter Holloway 
[Papers]. 1874-1912. 
154 items; 5-44 cm. 

Laura Langford was born in Nashville, Tenn., in 1848 and died 
in 1930. She grew up in a world of affluence that included the 
last vestiges of southern plantation life. When Laura was a mere 
fourteen she married Junius B. Holloway. Widowed not too long 
after her marriage, she went to Washington, D.C., and resided 
with fellow Tennesseeans President and Mrs. Andrew Johnson 
at the White House. While there she wrote The ladies of the White 
House, perhaps her best known book. For many years she wrote 
articles, edited for the Brooklyn Eagle, and published books. She 
also gave public lectures in which she spoke on subjects ranging 
from women's rights to Charlotte Bronte. Mrs. Langford lent 
support to such causes as Cuban independence, cremation, and 
rights for women. She belonged to the International Council of 



1202 




ji-fl'f 


£A /^5^ 


J 115 
6P is'io 


6A '^^^^ 


SA '7^^^ 


4 f ff 

SA iir^->>'^ 


M ^^f^^l 


^P, )lDt 



From Non-Shaker Sources 293 



Women and was a member of Madame Blavatsky's Theosophical 
Society (see no. 1198). Her second marriage — to Edward L. 
Langford — occurred in 1890. She was widowed a second time in 
1902. 

In view of Mrs. Langford's wide-ranging interests it is not sur- 
prising that she chose to acquaint herself with the Shakers. In 
addition, she may have known the family of Shaker leader Anna 
White. Eldress Anna, with whom Mrs. Langford corresponded 
for thirty-five years, came from a wealthy Brooklyn, N.Y., family 
with literary inclinations. Another connection between Mrs. 
Langford and the Shakers was her purchase in 1906 of farmland 
from the New Canaan, N.Y., Shaker community, in which a 
branch of the New Lebanon, N.Y., North family resided. 
This group of items is easily divided into two parts. The first 
consists generally of letters written to Mrs. Langford from Shak- 
ers at New Lebanon, and the second includes items from Mrs. 
Langford's literary career, such as manuscript versions of her 
articles and her personal scrapbooks. Researchers studying the 
Shakers will be most interested in the letters in the first section. 
Among Mrs. Langford's Shaker correspondents were 
Frederick W. Evans, Alonzo Giles Hollister, Antoinette Doolittle, 
Daniel Offord, M. Catherine Allen, Sadie and Emma Neale, and 
Anna White. It is with the last named that Mrs. Langford corre- 
sponded most frequently and for the longest length of time. 
Eldress Anna approved of what Mrs. Langford published about 
the Shakers and grew to trust her judgment. Other members of 
the New Lebanon community followed Eldress Anna's lead. 
Eventually, the Shakers asked Mrs. Langford for advice on mat- 
ters such as how to publish a manuscript, how to get tax-exempt 
status as a religion, and how to sell Shaker-handcrafted goods. 
In 1905 Anna White asked her to speak at a Shaker-sponsored 
peace convention. And, the community took in some children to 
raise at Mrs. Langford's request. 

Comments revealing Shaker thought appear throughout Eldress 
Anna's letters to Mrs. Langford. Of Christian Science she wrote 
in 1907 and 1908: "It is a wonderful science, Laura, just primiHve 
Shakerism." And, "the most confirmatory feature of this new 
cult to me is the great similarity between the Scientist's faith and 



o 



294 Manuscript Material 



the Shaker's faith — they run parallel." A sense of history is 
revealed in a letter from Eldress Anna in late 1906: "All articles 
published or written that come to us pertaining to Shakers or 
Shakerism, for or against, are preserved, not only for reference, 
but as you say for future historians." 

Twenty-nine letters from Daniel Of ford to Mrs. Langford dating 
from June 28, 1906, to December 15, 1910, concern her purchase 
and operation of the New Canaan farm. Such practical matters 
as the deed for the land, the disposition of tenants, a survey of 
the land, taxes, the acquisition of supplies and farm animals, 
and the general condition of the property are discussed by 
Offord. While he also comments about events and people at the 
New Lebanon community, his letters are generally very busi- 
nesslike and address quite specific concerns. 
In a fourteen-page manuscript in her own hand, written some- 
time after 1911, Mrs. Langford tells her version of the condition 
of the Shaker farm. Apparently, she had either misunderstood 
Offord' s description of the property or Offord had not told the 
truth to her about the farmland and its boundaries, buildings, or 
water supply. Mrs. Langford seems to have been deeply cha- 
grined over the situation in which she found herself. 
Mrs. Langford's papers include 142 letters, loose clippings, or 
telegrams; an elaborate certificate of membership in the Theo- 
sophical Society; 2 scrapbooks covering her literary career from 
1871 to 1897; 2 photographic portraits; 6 handwritten articles that 
were apparently eventually published; and 1 essay on the Shaker 
farm. It is unfortunate that only one side of the correspondence 
is available in these papers. Mrs. Langford's letters are not here. 
For more on Mrs. Langford and her Shaker contacts, see chapter 
24 of Fruits of the Shaker tree of life by Edward D. and Faith 
Andrews (no. 481). 



1203 Lee, Charles O. 

The Shakers as pioneers in the American herb and drug industry 
/ Charles O. Lee. 1959. 
20€.; 28 cm. 



<A '^^^ Caption title. 



From Non-Shaker Sources 295 



Typescript of a paper delivered in 1959 at the annual convention 
of the American Pharmaceutical AssociaHon, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

1204 Norwood, Sallie M. 

Z/ r:'^9 [Letter], October 1865, Cokesbury, S.C., [to] Mary Hazard, 
^ ^ ' Mount Lebanon, N.Y. 
^^36 [4] p.; 23 cm. 
h Norwood wrote from Masonic Female College. Her letter tells of 

one woman's experiences during and thoughts about the Civil 
War. The writer reflects, "I often thought of your Society during 
the war, and thought the World would be sweetly blessed if it 
could be removed like your Society is, from such horrors." 

1205 Parker, Ethel. 

^ f^^ The Harvard Shakers. [Ca. 1910]. 
6L; 27 cm. 
Essay, perhaps for school, by a resident of Still River, Mass. 



Sh^o(p 



Parker, Theodore. 

[Letter], 1868 July 31, West Roxbury, [to] dear friend. 

IL; 25 cm. 

In this letter to an unnamed acquaintance, Parker lauds the 

Shakers for their devotion to work but criticizes them for living a 

celibate life. 

1207 Porter, Robert. 

Simple gifts: a bibliography on the American Shakers; a paper 

submitted in partial fulfillment of course requirements of Refer- 
^j^ f/. ence Service I, New Haven State Teachers College / by Robert 
^^^^^ Porter. 1957. 

1 p.e., 16 e.; 29 cm. 

Bibliography of two hundred entries by and about the Shakers, 

arranged in one alphabetical sequence. 

1208 [Scrapbook. Ca. 1840]. 
[160] p., bound; 40 cm. 

Consists of newspaper articles, poetry, and fiction pasted on the 
pages of an account book of some kind. Unfortunately, the con- 
tents of the account book have been rendered useless because of 



296 Manuscript Material 



these scraps. From the little that can be made out, it would 
appear that the book was kept from March 1830 to March 1831 at 
a general store in Catskill, N.Y., a village near Albany. This 
manuscript may have been brought into a Shaker community by 
the storekeeper after he became a Shaker. 

1209 Smith, Harriet. 

,1 / crc. The communal people known as Shakers. [Ca. 1925]. 

" 12€.; 28 cm. 

^A /=2/?3 Brief history in typescript of the Shakers by a high-school stu- 
^^ dent in Enfield, Conn. 

"Read at the exhibition of Shaker articles belonging to the Con- 
necticut Valley Historical Society, Nov. 18, 1925, at the Spring- 
field Public Library, lower hall. [Signed] Amy W. Jamieson." 

1210 Stephenson, John S. 

U/-J -. The persecution of the Shakers / John S. Stephenson. 1966. 

^ "^ 16L; 28 cm. 

.S/J- /3 •C' Typescript of a college research paper. 



Em^^'il 



1211 Thomas, James Cheston. 

Furniture of the western Shakers / by James Cheston Thomas. 

[S.I.: s.n., ca. 1974]. 

13 p.; 28 cm. 

Typescript of an address delivered at an unnamed convention 

that celebrated the Shaker bicentennial. 



III. Photographic Material 



The photographic material in the Andrews collection documents 
visually what has already been described textually in this guide 
by Shaker contemporaries, by historians, and by the Shakers 
themselves. The heading for this section of the guide was cho- 
sen as a convenience, for more than snapshots are included 
under it. Postcards, stereographic views, and daguerreotypes — 
all photographs processed in different ways — fall into this cate- 
gory as well. 

There are approximately fourteen hundred photographic 
items in the collection; however, in about two hundred instances 
duplication exists, so that the actual number of different images 
is somewhat less than the total. At least fifteen Shaker commu- 
nities located in eight states are represented among the collec- 
tion's photographs: Enfield, Conn.; White Oak, Ga.; Pleasant 
Hill and South Union, Ky.; Alfred and Sabbathday Lake, Maine; 
Hancock, Harvard, Shirley, and Tyringham, Mass.; Canterbury 
and Enfield, N.H.; New Lebanon (Mt. Lebanon after 1861) 
and Watervliet, N.Y.; and Union Village, Ohio. Although the 
photographs depict more than a century of Shaker life, from 
about 1850 to about 1970, most of them date from a fifty- 
year span of time beginning around 1880. The overwhelming 
number of images are in black and white, and a high per- 
centage of the portraits are formal studies taken either in 



197 



298 Photographic Material 



a photographer's studio or on a site at or near a Shaker 
community. 

The subjects of the photographs can be conveniently 
described as people, places, or things. Individual and group por- 
traits commonly include handwritten notations giving the names 
of the subjects and their villages. Many of the photographs show 
Shakers in their homes or at their workplaces. Outside shots 
usually show warm-weather scenes and the exteriors of build- 
ings in which the Shakers lived and labored; interior shots show 
the placement of everyday objects used by the Shakers. Shaker 
furniture and, to a lesser extent, other objects are the focus of 
several hundred photographs whose purpose seems to have 
been to record collections held either privately or in museums; 
however, a small number of photographs do depict the furniture 
and objects in use. As one would expect, the artifacts owned, 
and frequently exhibited, by Dr. and Mrs. Andrews are well 
represented in this collection of photographs. 

Interspersed among the individual photographs are several 
series of pictures assembled to show "the world" what the Shak- 
ers looked like and how they lived. They include Views of the 
North Fmnily Shakers, forty-seven views of a New Lebanon, N.Y., 
family available from Anna White; Photographs of Shaker Village, 
Mt. Lebanon, Columbia County, N.Y., a set of stereographs taken 
and offered by A. J. Alden, a professional photographer from 
Pittsfield, Mass.; Shirley Shakers, ten stereographs from Milford, 
N.H., photographer B. F. Foster; Shaker Village, Canterbury, N.H., 
by H. A. Kimball of Concord, N.H., a set of twenty-two stereo- 
graph views; Photographic Views, Shaker Village, Canterbury, N.H., 
by W. G. C. Kimball, Concord, N.H., a series of thirty-two ste- 
reograph views; and Views of Shaker Village, Enfield, Conn., a 
series consisting of three subseries covering the North, Church, 
and South families, taken and sold by Goldsmith and Lazelle of 
Springfield, Mass. It is to be regretted that none of these photo- 
graphic series is presented in the collection in its entirety. 

In addition to what the photographs in the Andrews collec- 



Photographic Material 299 



Hon convey visually, handwritten notes on the backs of many of 
the photographs furnish biographical information. For example, 
besides being able to see from her photograph how Lucy Bowers 
appeared, researchers can learn from the back of it that she was 
born in 1859 in Yonkers, N.Y.; that her father died intestate just 
before her mother brought Lucy and her sisters to New Leba- 
non, N.Y., in 1867; that Lucy also lived at one of the Enfields 
beginning in 1896 and at Watervliet beginning in 1917; and that 
Lucy's two sisters left the Shakers for the world. That the per- 
sonality of Alice Smith of Hancock, Mass., was far from dour is 
evident from her own handwritten comments on the back of a 
candid picture taken of her in a garden. She writes: "Mrs. White 
took this without me knowing it. I look silly but it's nothing new 
in a picture. I was laughing & talking & never imagined she was 
going to catch me, so my pose was not assumed, although I 
would have liked a chance to straighten up." In another of 
Alice's comments, this time written on the back of a photograph 
of her taken in a music room, she remarks: "I don't know if you 
will care for this, but Jennie took it & so [I] send it. The light 
reflects so strongly on my glasses that they look blurred — but 
you can see the phonograph & that's a new sight, if I'm not." In 
a group of photographs of Alice Smith she is seen at the age of 
three or four, as a young woman of twenty, then at age forty, 
and finally, at about sixty years of age. Dr. Andrews wrote of 
her: "Sister Alice Smith, one of the last members of the Church 
family at Hancock . . . , so earnestly hoped that the Hancock 
community would continue to exist, in one form or another, to 
perpetuate the ideals of the Shakers." 

While some photographers are solely concerned with catch- 
ing images on film for an immediate effect — for the thanks 
expressed by a satisfied subject as he looks at his portrait, for 
the profits realized from the sale of a photograph, for the per- 
sonal fulfillment felt in a job well done, or for the praise of a 
public appreciative of art — others undoubtedly are also conscious 
of the impression that their work will have on succeeding gener- 



300 Photographic Material 



ations. This sense of posterity must have been in the minds of 
many of the photographers who chose to use the Shakers and 
the Shaker environment as their subjects. For example, to any- 
one acquainted with his work, William F. Winter would fit very 
well into the category of photographers who are conscious of the 
importance of history. While generally eschewing Shaker people 
as subjects. Winter, in his simple but well-composed photo- 
graphs of Shaker buildings and things, captured the Society near 
the end of its existence. Exquisite black-and-white shading and 
use of line are two characteristics of Winter's work as a picture 
taker. As picture viewers, the public has the opportunity, in 
Winter's photographs, to see the remnants of what once was — 
to see buildings that had been much used by the Shakers and 
objects that the Shakers had crafted with care and precision. 
Winter's photographs dealing with museum exhibitions on the 
Society add an extra dimension to his on-site depictions. 

Complementing Winter's work are the pictures that were 
taken by other photographers and made into postcards during 
the period that the Shakers were a vibrant religious order. They 
show busy communities, their sidewalks clogged by residents 
presumably on their way to or from work, worship, or their 
shops. Scenes taken from afar show clusters of buildings and the 
farm fields beyond. In comments written on the backs of post- 
cards visitors record their impressions of the Shakers. 

The collection's photographs of buildings will be of interest 
to architects, builders, and preservationists. Craftspersons and 
historians of material culture will be attentive to the activities 
depicted in photographs of such places as a woodworking shop, 
weaver's quarters, and a chair manufactory. Agriculturalists will 
find shots of the gardens informative. In short, the Andrews col- 
lection of photographic material on the Shakers and their sur- 
roundings can serve the different needs of a variety of 
researchers. It is a representative collection, broad in its subject 
matter and, within that breadth, deep in detail. 



IV. Artifacts 



Although the Andrews collection is known chiefly for its printed 
and manuscript materials, it also contains artifacts important for 
the glimpse that they provide into the daily routine of Shaker 
lives. Many of these artifacts can be categorized as utilitarian in 
nature, while others reflect the Shakers' artistic talents. It is per- 
haps only fitting that many of these artifacts are on display in 
Winterthur's Shaker rooms — rooms that were installed in 1962 
with the collaboration and guidance of Dr. and Mrs. Andrews. 
Researchers interested in another record of the Shaker realia col- 
lected by Dr. and Mrs. Andrews should consult their Fruits of the 
Shaker Tree of Life: Memoirs of Fifty Years of Collecting and Research 
(no. 481), which contains an illustrated catalogue by Dr. 
Andrews describing the things that he and his wife donated 
to Shaker Community, Inc., at Hancock, Mass., in January 1964. 
Among the sixty-two lots described therein are such items as 
tables, benches, desks, chairs, stools, stoves, oval boxes, cloth- 
ing, labels for Shaker products, mops and brooms, architectural 
remnants, and illustrative matter. Included in addition is a fairly 
lengthy discussion of fourteen inspirational drawings and paint- 
ings that were analyzed in Visions of the Heavenly Sphere: A Study 
in Shaker Religious Art (no. 509). 

In terms of numbers, labels and seed packets constitute the 
largest portion of the artifact collection. There are 250 of them. 



301 



302 Artifacts 



Most were gathered from the New Lebanon, N.Y., community, 
although Canterbury, N.H., Watervliet, N.Y., and Hancock, 
Mass., are also represented. It is difficult to date these items pre- 
cisely, but a reasonable conclusion is that labels and packets 
such as these were used during a fifty-year period beginning 
about 1830. They are most often in color, either printed on col- 
ored paper or printed with colored ink. The contents of the bot- 
tles and boxes on which the labels were to be pasted are varied. 
For example, there are labels for such so-called medicinal prod- 
ucts as concentrated syrup of bitter bugle. Mother Seigel's cura- 
tive syrup. Shaker extract of roots, extract of horehound, 
inspisated juice of henbane, extract of butternut, and ointment 
of cicuta. Seed labels are for many kinds of garden produce, 
especially vegetables: peas, corn, turnips, lima beans, radishes, 
squash, onions, and lettuce. There are labels for alcoholic bever- 
ages, including cherry wine, elderberry wine, bourbon, rum, 
brandy, and gin. 

A number of miscellaneous labels round out this portion of 
the collection. A Shaker parlor broom label proclaims that the 
brush is warranted not to come loose from the handle. A label 
for a Shaker-made cloak shows a New Lebanon, N.Y., building 
within a floral border that is above two depictions of a cloak sep- 
arated by the manufacturer's name, E. J. Neale and Company. A 
transfer label for a Shaker chair, reading "Shaker's trade mark 
no. 7, Mt. Lebanon, N.Y." and bearing an illustration of a rock- 
ing chair, was used to verify Shaker craftsmanship. A tag from 
the twentieth century states that the Canterbury, N.H., commu- 
nity is a "manufacturer and dealer in washing machines, 
brooms, band and strap hoops. Shaker medicine, &c." A bound 
volume of uncut labels reveals that some Shakers would label 
almost anything: summer shirts, tomato sauce, apple jelly, 
machine thread, citron sauce, elm flour, and writing paper. 

In additron to recording the contents of their containers, 
some labels reveal a surprising amount of additional informa- 
tion. One seed packet, for instance, in addition to having 



Artifacts 303 



instructions on how its vegetable seeds should be planted, con- 
tains the disclaimer: "While we exercise the greatest care to have 
all seeds pure and reliable, we wish it distinctly understood that 
no warrant is either expressed or implied. If the purchaser does 
not accept these conditions, they must be returned at once." An 
increasing number of problems with customers dissatisfied with 
the seeds may have occasioned such a caveat. Other labels iden- 
tify the Shakers' business connections. A. J. White's name and 
the locations of two of his sales outlets, London and New York, 
are on a medicine label. According to two other labels, two Bos- 
ton firms, Cosack and Company and T. O. Metcalf, did work for 
the Shakers at New Lebanon, N.Y., and Canterbury, N.H., in 
lithography and tag manufacturing respectively. And, in Chi- 
cago, Burnhams and Van Schaack, wholesale druggists, dealt in 
Shaker-made medicines. 

Although there are few in the collection, containers should 
be discussed in tandem with their labels. During the early 1870s, 
the Shakers at New Lebanon, N.Y., used a box for dried sweet 
corn that was patented on December 31, 1872, by B. Osborn of 
Newark, N.J. It came flat and could be fashioned into a rectan- 
gular box in a few seconds simply by pushing and then pulling 
in a few strategic places. A decade later, D. Clinton Brainard of 
New Lebanon marketed an asthma cure in a small bottle, sealed 
with a cork, which fit into a slightly larger wooden container. A 
brightly colored label divulges that the so-called cure is in the 
form of pellets. These pellets have remained in the bottle. Two 
other glass bottles, both a bit more than seven inches in height, 
one originally containing sarsparilla, the other a fluid extract, 
and a tin box meant for herbs are also included among the col- 
lection's containers. 

The Shakers' chair industry grew in importance after their 
medicinal herb and seed industries had prospered. By the early 
1870s, Robert M. Wagan of the New Lebanon, N.Y., community 
had guided the development of the chairmaking industry to the 
point that a new factory had to be constructed to help meet 



304 Artifacts 



consumer demand. In 1876 the Shakers exhibited their wares at 
the International Centennial Exhibition held in Philadelphia. 
Among the items in the Andrews collection from this event, 
besides Wagan's tickets to the fair, is the bronze medal awarded 
to him singly, but to the Shakers collectively, for excellence in 
furniture manufacturing. In addition, there are in the collection 
eighteen samples of Shaker chair tapes, which were used for 
seats; these tapes were acquired from more modern chairmakers 
by the Andre wses. 

All business activity, crucial as it was to the survival of the 
United Society, was at best of only secondary importance to a 
Believer. Of utmost significance was his spiritual life. As soon as 
someone formally announced that he intended to sign the cove- 
nant and join a Shaker community his religious beliefs set him 
apart from the world and, at the same time, reaffirmed the 
strength of the movement for its members. As a Shaker an indi- 
vidual was expected to participate in religious services and activ- 
ities and would do so willingly. During the 1840s, this 
participation meant attending gatherings known as "love feasts." 
These celebrations were held semiannually, in May and Septem- 
ber, on a hilltop or mountaintop near a Shaker community. An 
engraved marble tablet served as a sacred stone during the pro- 
ceedings. A typical mountain meeting is described and illus- 
trated in The People Called Shakers, pages 161-169 (no. 491). The 
Andrews collection contains a fragment of the marble tablet from 
Mount Horeb, as the feast grounds at Tyringham, Mass., were 
called. This stone is illustrated and its modern discovery chroni- 
cled in Fruits of the Shaker Tree of Life, pages 45-50. 

Since music was an integral part of these "love feasts" as 
well as of other aspects of Shaker life, it should be no surprise to 
find that there are artifacts that relate to song in the collection. 
One such object is a ruling pen for marking staffs in manuscript 
hymnbooks. It was made sometime during the late nineteenth 
century in Dresden, Germany. In addition to this ruling pen, 
used by the Shakers to help them write their music, the collec- 



Artifacts 305 



tion has six records containing twentieth-century renditions of 
thirty Shaker songs. A 1967 album. Early Shaker Spirituals, con- 
tains eight songs sung by Sister Mildred Barker and others from 
the Sabbathday Lake, Maine, community. It is accompanied by a 
descriptive text written by Daniel W. Patterson. On another disc 
from the Audio Heritage label, twelve songs, running about ten 
minutes, are recreated by the Berkshire Consort. Four 78-rpm 
Audiodisc recording blanks contain ten more songs. A twenty- 
nine minute, 16-mm documentary film made in 1974 on the 
Shaker movement, entitled The Shakers, distributed and narrated 
by Tom Davenport, includes Shaker music and song as part of a 
larger story. 

The Shaker lifestyle has been termed, without condescen- 
sion, simple by those who have studied it. An even cursory 
examination of the Shaker implements and textiles in the 
Andrews collection reinforces this claim for simplicity. Among 
those items used by Shakers from day to day that are part of the 
holdings are a clothes hanger, a white pine/maple dipper, an 
earthenware jar for pickling, baskets, darning eggs for stockings, 
menders for gloves and mittens, a tin measure, a tea or hot- 
water pot, a pine hanging spool case, a birch and metal pill 
board, roller shades for windows, a seed tray used in shelling 
beans, a clothespin, and a glass and lead pan reputed to have 
been placed inside a beehive to provide the bees with a form in 
which to construct a honeycomb. Textiles include kerchiefs, bon- 
nets, smocks and aprons, a shroud probably made for Elder 
Rufus Bishop, an infirmary nightcap, coverlets, and bed linen. 
Of interest among the bed linen is a sheet made by Betsy 
Andrews, an ancestor of Edward D. and the mother of 
Evelina L., who used it as a member of the United Society. 
These implements and textiles were generally made and used 
during the mid nineteenth century. All are on display in Winter- 
thur's two Shaker rooms. 

A second portion of this realia collection is oriented toward 
the artistic. It features items by Believers and non-Believers alike 



306 Artifacts 



that depict the Shaker experience in illustration, rather than by 
words or through an artifact. Shaker artistry in their architecture 
and furniture design is frequently praised and Shaker creative- 
ness acclaimed because of the Society's labor-saving inventions. 
Artistry and inventiveness were combined through a different 
medium by Joshua H. Bussell, an elder from the Alfred, Maine, 
community, who painted watercolors of his and other Shaker 
communities during the mid-1800s. Five of his works are in the 
Andrews collection. A cobbler by trade, Bussell had no formal 
training as an artist. Through his brush he hoped to map the 
details of Shaker villages — show the placement of buildings and 
their architecture, the roads, the orchards, and the fields used 
for farming. People, animals, and activity are all a part of his 
watercolors. Thus, Bussell can be studied as either an artist or a 
cartographer or as a combination of both. The Bussell paintings 
in the collection are Southwestly View of Shaker Village, Alfred, 
1849; A Plan of Poland, State of Maine, drawn by Joshua H. Bussell of 
Alfred, Me., January 1st, 1850; A Plan of New Gloucester, state of 
Maine, delineated by Joshua H. Bussell, Alfred, Me., January 1st, 
1850; [Alfred Shaker Community]; and Shaker Village, Canterbury, 
N.H. An interpretive article on Bussell by Robert P. Emlen 
appeared in Antiques, vol. 113, no. 3 (March 1978), pages 632- 
637. 

Two other watercolors in the collection, neither by a Shaker, 
depict the interiors of meetinghouses. The Meeting Room, 1938, 
Hancock Shakers was done by H. M. Seaver. His thoughts about 
Shaker architecture are recorded elsewhere (see no. 1034). Inte- 
rior of the Meeting House [New Lebanon, N.Y.] was painted by 
Benson J. Lossing and signed on August 18,1856. Described by 
the Andrewses as the artist who best knew the Shakers, Lossing 
studied his subjects in some depth in an effort to understand 
better how he should paint them. The acquisition of this water- 
color is remembered on pages 111 and 115 of Fruits of the Shaker 
Tree of Life. 

The collection's copy of a well-known color lithograph by 



Artifacts 307 



Anthony Imbert, Shakers near Lebanon, state of New-York, is among 
the earliest of prints depicting a Shaker subject. This lithograph, 
executed sometime during the early 1830s, shows thirty or so 
Shakers doing the "square order shuffle," a dance performed 
during a Shaker worship service. In the background, coats and 
hats are hung along the walls on pegs, and in the foreground, 
observers from the world look on, perhaps in amazement at the 
unfamiliar and at least mildly peculiar sight before them. This 
print was later reproduced, in a not always faithful copy, by 
other printmakers, including Nathaniel Currier. A discussion of 
Shakers near Lebanon appears on pages 109-110 of Fruits of the 
Shaker Tree of Life. 



V. The Andrews Archives 



The Andrews archives consists of the papers and other materials 
generated by Edward D. and Faith Andrews during their more 
than sixty years of research into the Shaker movement. Since 
most of the papers bear no date, it is difficult to identify the ear- 
liest and latest items. It is, however, accurate to state that most 
of the archives date from the 1930s to the 1960s. Among the 
archives are research notes, correspondence, materials having to 
do with the Andrewses' publications, slides for lectures, record- 
ings, newspaper and magazine clippings, and various 
miscellanea. 

Research notes are in abundance and were taken on a vari- 
ety of topics. Among these generally handwritten items are sub- 
stantial notes on such topics as Shaker furniture, inspirational 
drawings. Shaker dress, the medicinal herb industry, patents, 
and lawsuits involving the Shakers. Not as lengthy but still 
important for what they convey are notes on subjects as diverse 
as Ann Lee's children and "items of Phila. interest." An impres- 
sive amount of note-taking was done by Dr. Andrews on Shaker 
bibliography. It was his hope to compile and publish a bibliog- 
raphy of Shaker material using his own collection as its basis. 
There are four file boxes containing three-by-five-inch cards 
bearing bibliographical information and annotations, and there is 
a typewritten list of portraits, views, and facsimiles that would 



309 



320 The Andrews Archives 



illustrate the intended bibliography. While most of these notes 
are on standard-size paper, quite a few are jottings on whatever 
paper was at hand: scraps, the backs of envelopes, business and 
appointment cards, and small notebooks. A careful examination 
of Dr. Andrews's research notes would show how his under- 
standing of the Shaker movement grew over time. 

The correspondence that is part of this collection includes, 
for the most part, only letters written to Dr. and Mrs. Andrews. 
When copies of letters written by the Andrewses are present, 
they usually date from the 1950s and 1960s. A representative 
sample of correspondents and their topics include Emma Neale 
and her sister, Sadie, on Shaker furniture, on the decline of the 
New Lebanon, N.Y., community, and on their general reminis- 
cences; Prudence Stickney of Sabbathday Lake, Maine, on 
Shaker furniture and remarks by her complimenting the work of 
the Andrewses; Arthur Bruce of the Canterbury, N.H., Shaker 
community about personal visits; Lucy Bowers on her note- 
books; Rosetta Stephens, a native of Great Britain and a long- 
time resident of the New Lebanon community, with a poem; 
Olive H. Austin recollecting her upbringing in a Shaker commu- 
nity; William F. Winter on Shaker photographs; Homer Eaton 
Keyes, editor of Antiques from 1922 to 1938, on many topics, 
including the publication of Shaker Furniture; Juliana Force, direc- 
tor of the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, on 
Shaker art and on an exhibition at the Whitney in 1935; Henri 
Desroche, a French writer, expressing interest in receiving publi- 
cations about the Shakers written by Dr. Andrews; research 
institutions reporting on their Shaker library holdings; F. Gerald 
Ham, then a student, regarding his graduate-school work; offi- 
cials from the Williamsburg Antiques Forum concerning arrange- 
ments for the visits of Dr. and Mrs. Andrews in 1955 and 1962; 
Pleasant Hill, Ky., individuals on the restoration of their Shaker 
community; and representatives from Smith College on a 1961 
stage performance dramatizing the Shaker mode of worship. 

Perhaps the most intriguing lot of letters to Dr. Andrews is 



The Andrews Archives 311 



from Thomas Merton of the Abbey of Gethsemane, Trappist, Ky. 
About twenty letters exchanged between the two men and cop- 
ies of others written by Merton to different people from 1961 to 
1964 are in the collection. In Dr. and Mrs. Andrews's volume of 
memoirs. Fruits of the Shaker Tree of Life, several of these letters 
are quoted, some at length. They reveal a person who was most 
interested in attempting to understand the Shakers as part of a 
larger spiritual community. In a letter to a Mr. McCallister, dated 
October 29, 1961, Merton wrote: 

I believe that much is to be done in the study of the Shaker spirituality 
in the light of Western and Near Eastern mystical traditions, and also in 
the light of Jungian depth psychology. ... I cannot help feeling that 
the Shaker movement is something of a mystery that withholds from 
us, still, a deep significance which may even throw some light on our 
present predicament in the world. I think this can be said for all the 
Utopian movements of the nineteenth century, but is especially true of 
the Shakers, [p. 171] 

Merton was favorably impressed with the simple lifestyle that 
the Shakers followed and with their architecture, and he found 
similarities between some of his own religious tenets and those 
of the Shakers. The archives also includes about ten books and 
articles sent by Merton to Dr. Andrews during the early 1960s. 
Dr. Andrews wrote of Merton in his reminiscences: "Of all the 
people we have come to know as a result of our work none is 
closer to us in spirit than Thomas Merton." 

The reputation that Dr. and Mrs. Andrews enjoy as inter- 
preters of the Shaker movement has resulted largely from their 
published work. Among the materials in the archives are papers 
relating to eight of Dr. Andrews's books and many articles. In 
1933, The Community Industries of the Shakers (Albany, N.Y.: The 
University of the State of New York) was issued as Handbook 
no. 15 of the New York State Museum. The archives contains, in 
addition to correspondence relating to it, the book's galley 
proofs. Shaker Furniture: The Craftsmanship of an Ajnerican Com- 
munal Sect, written with Mrs. Andrews, was published in 1937 in 



312 The Andrews Archives 



the United States by Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn., 
and in England by Humphrey Milford and Oxford University 
Press, both of London. The archives has, from this award- 
winning book, manuscript notes, galley proofs, unbound printed 
sheets, photographs, negatives, and plates used for the illustra- 
tions, and reviews. In 1950, Dover Publications of New York 
issued a reprint of this book. From The Gift to Be Simple: Songs, 
Dances and Rituals of the American Shakers (New York: J.J. Augus- 
tin, 1940) are galley proofs, reviews, and a separately kept book 
jacket. In 1953, The People Called Shakers: A Search for the Perfect 
Society was published by Oxford University Press out of its New 
York office. The archives contains galley proofs, copies of photo- 
graphs used as illustrations, a press release from the publisher 
announcing the book, reviews, and a typewritten version of the 
footnotes. While Oxford did not choose to include these notes, 
Dover Publications did in its 1963 new and enlarged edition. 

Following Dr. Andrews's death in 1964 four volumes that he 
had written with Mrs. Andrews appeared. Religion in Wood: A 
Book of Shaker Furniture (Bloomington, Ind.; London: Indiana 
University Press) was the first, in 1966. In the archives from this 
book are a typescript version, negatives of its illustrations, and 
reviews. In 1969, Visions of the Heavenly Sphere: A Study in Shaker 
Religious Art (Charlottesville, Va.: The University Press of Vir- 
ginia for the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum) came 
out. An earlier title considered was simply "Shaker Religious 
Arts." Photographs of the illustrations and their negatives, a 
typescript and microfilm of that typescript under the unpub- 
lished title, and a typescript of Visions are all in the archives. In 
1974, Work and Worship: The Economic Order of the Shakers (Green- 
wich, Conn.: New York Graphic Society) was issued. An earlier 
title contemplated for this book was "Hands to Work, Hearts to 
God." Surviving in the archives from this volume are the hand- 
written version of the manuscript, a typescript under the book's 
earlier title, an edited copy of the published typescript, and gal- 
ley proofs. Finally, galley proofs from Fruits of the Shaker Tree of 



The Audrexvs Archives 323 



Life: Memoirs of Fifty Years of Collecting and Research (Stockbridge, 
Mass.: Berkshire Traveller Press, 1975), the reminiscences of Dr. 
and Mrs. Andrews, are in the archives. Much of the archival 
material having to do with these eight books concerns the pub- 
lishing process — from the manuscript drafts and typewritten ver- 
sions to the illustrations to the galley proofs. 

Articles published under the names of Edward D. and Faith 
Andrews, detailed bibliographically in this guide in Printed 
Material: About the Shakers and on pages 41-47 of Shaker Furni- 
ture and Objects from the Faith and Edward Deming Andrews Collec- 
tions: Commemorating the Bicentenary of the American Shakers, issued 
in 1973 on the occasion of an exhibition at the Renwick Gallery, 
Washington, D.C., published by the Smithsonian Institution 
Press, are represented in the archives through research notes 
and correspondence, early handwritten versions, and final 
typescripts. For example, the archives contains correspondence 
on and typescripts of the biographical sketches of Ann Lee, Lucy 
Wright, and Anna White that were written for inclusion in Nota- 
ble American Women. The archives also holds the letters about, 
notes for, and typescript of "Sheeler and the Shakers," a 1965 
article in Art in America, vol. 53, no. 1, pages 90-95. An article- 
length talk presented in 1929 to the Fortnightly Club and the Art 
League, both of Pittsfield, Mass., entitled "Arts and Crafts of the 
Shakers," and a 1960 address on the Shaker herb industry given 
before the Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, are also 
included as early summaries of two important topics. At least 
one piece intended for publication, "The Spirit of Shaker Gar- 
dening," was never issued. In describing the published article- 
length studies, and, to a lesser extent, the eight books, it is diffi- 
cult to disassociate them from the manuscript materials in the 
archives since the research notes, correspondence, drafts, types- 
cripts, and finished products are all interrelated. To acquire an 
understanding of the development of the Andrewses' corpus of 
work, it is in some instances necessary to consider the different 
segments of these papers as an integrated whole. 



324 The Andrews Archives 



Slides and sound recordings constitute the fourth and fifth 
parts of the Andrews archives. There are slides of the Shaker 
farmhouse at Richmond, Mass., that Dr. and Mrs. Andrews 
restored and later turned into a dwelling that resembled one that 
the Shakers would have used. Other slides show the interiors 
and exteriors of Shaker buildings, residents of Shaker communi- 
ties, inspirational drawings. Shaker-made furniture and clothing, 
and views of the Shaker installation at the American Museum, 
Bath, England. Twenty-one slides show buildings of the western 
Shakers at Pleasant Hill and South Union, Ky., and Union Vil- 
lage and Whitewater, Ohio. Approximately two dozen slides 
depict the Shaker Museum at Old Chatham, N.Y. The slides in 
this collection, 259 in all, were taken during the 1940s, 1950s, 
and 1960s and, in addition to providing a permanent visual 
record, were used during lectures given by Dr. Andrews. Sound 
recordings on tape include a version of Aaron Copland's Appala- 
chian Spring, the ballet suite based on Shaker music, which was 
performed at Smith College; Shaker songs and conversation; a 
Shaker worship meeting; a lecture entitled "The Shaker Arts in 
Culture: Forces behind the Forms" dehvered by Dr. Andrews on 
May 11, 1962; and a four-hour interview with Faith Andrews 
concerning her experiences during and thoughts on a lifetime of 
Shaker studies, which was conducted at various sittings between 
January 14 and April 23, 1982. 

Newspaper and magazine clippings in the archives are many 
and varied. For the most part, they concern activities with which 
the Andrewses were involved, such as publications, their Rich- 
mond, Mass., farmhouse, lectures, and exhibition openings. 
Some clippings are of articles about the Shakers themselves and 
include obituaries, stories about the gradual decline and certain 
end of the living Shaker movement, and historical articles 
intended for quick consumption by their readers. These clippings 
are an interesting lot in that they reveal the kind of information 
presented to the general public about the Shakers. While con- 
taining httle, if anything, original, they might be used as 



The Andrews Archives 315 



resources to confirm assumptions or suggest alternative courses 
of research. 

As a body of material, the Andrews archives reflects the 
interests and activities of its creators over a period of time begin- 
ning in the 1920s. It complements the printed, manuscript, pho- 
tographic, and artifact portions of Winterthur's Shaker collection 
in that it interprets for modern readers the Shaker experience as 
it was transmitted through these four different media. Indeed, 
the archives also complements Shaker collections elsewhere for 
the same reason. The description of the Andrews archives is, of 
necessity, incomplete at this writing since Mrs. Andrews 
remains actively engaged in Shaker research and periodically 
contributes to a still-open collection. 



Index 



Abbott, Benjamin, 835 

Abbott's Power Print, Enfield, N.H., 
371 

Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art 
Museum, Williamsburg, Va., 666 

About the Shakers, 242 

Account book, 839 

Account of cash articles: book II, 1149 

Account of some of the proceedings of the 
legislatures of the states of Kentucky 
and New- Hampshire, 1828 &c. in 
relation to the people called Shakers, 
322 

An account of the cotiduct of the people 
called Shakers in the case of Eunice 
Chapman and her children: since her 
husband became acquainted with that 
people and joined their society, 96 

An account of the doctrines, government , 
maimers, and customs of the Shakers: 
with remarks on confession to Catholic 
priests ami Shaker elders, 309 

An account of the meetings held in the 
City of Peace, City of Union, and City 
of Love, on the 25th of Dec. 1845, 768 

An account of the people called Shakers: 
their faith, doctrines, and practice, 78 

An account of ivhat is sold from the store 
at the North famdy. Shaker Sta., 
Conn.: commencing 1908, 1088 

An act in relation to certain trusts, 617 

An act to amend the religious corpora- 
tions law in relation to property of 
extitict churches, 615 



"An act to regulate civil proceedings 
against certain communities having 
property in common," 458 

Adams, Charles Christopher, 469 

An address to Believers generally: in sid^- 
stance originally delivered in the socie- 
ties of Canterbury & Enfield, N.H.; 
subsequently partially delivered in the 
societies of Watervliet & New Leba- 
non, 754 

An address to the youiig delivered by our 
bfejloved elder br. Howry Mantle at 
the funeral ofbr. Samuel B., 1068 

Advent of the Christ in man and woman, 
56 

Advice to children on behaviour at table, 
1 

Affectionately inscribed to the memory of 
Elder Frederic W. Evans: by his loving 
and devoted gospel friends, 443 

Affectionately inscribed to the memory of 
Eldress Antoinette Doolittle: by her 
loving and devoted gospvl friends, 444 

Agricultural history, 474 

Agricultural History Society, 474 

Agriculture. See Gardening 

Agriculture among the Shakers: chiefly at 
Mount Lebanon, 474 

Aitken, Robert, 2 

Albany Argus, Albany, N.Y., 470 

Albany Evening Journal, Albanv, N.Y., 
160, 210, 4fo, 471 

Albany lournal, Albany, N.Y., 207-8, 
424 



327 



318 



Index 



Alden, A. J., Pittsfield, Mass., p. 298 

The Aletheia: spirit of truth; a series of 
letters in which the principles of the 
United Society known as Shakers are 
set forth and illustrated, 310 

Alfred, Maine, community, 3, 115, 
574, 1035, pp. XX, 297, 306 

Allen, Minnie Catherine, 4-9, 599, 
644, 1202 

Allen, P., & Son, Pittsfield, Mass., 
51 

Allen, Phineas, 325, 413 

Almanack, 1887: the peaceful life of the 
Shakers, 15 

Almanacs, 10-18 

Almy & Brown, Pawtucket, R.I., 
1079 

Amenia Times, Amenia, N.Y., 167 

American Benedictice Academy. Histori- 
cal studies, no. 11, 515 

American Bible Society, New York, 
N.Y., 48 

American classic — furnishings in the 
Shaker manner, 556 

An American communist experiment, 
572 

American communities: brief sketches of 
Econoyny, Zoar, Bethel, Aurora, 
Amana, Icaria, the Shakers . . . , 568 

American communities . . . enlarged to 
include additional societies, new and 
old, communistic, semi-communistic, 
and co-operative, 569 

American design, 697 

American Historical Association, 474 

American home, 525 

American Institute of Graphic Arts, 
New York, N.Y., 472 

American magazine of useful knowledge, 
460 

The American Museum, Claverton 
Manor, Bath, England, 473, p. 314 

American News Co., New York, 
N.Y., 148-49 

American Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion, 1203 

American rooms in miniature, by Mrs. 



James Ward Thorne: owned and circu- 
lated by the Art Institute of Chicago, 
512 

"An American Shaker on English 
politics," 203 

The American Shakers, 19, 144, 475 

The American Shakers: a celibate, reli- 
gious comtrmnity, 20-23 

American Socialist, 146 

American Society for Psychical 
Research, 644 

American Steam Printing Works, 
Manchester, N.H., 123 

American vegetarianism, 145 

America's arts and skills, 654 

America's best dressed books, 701 

Amherst alumni news, 485 

Among the mountains, 16 

Among the Shakers, 565 

Amotjg the Shakers: successful commu- 
nism at Mount Lebanon — interview 
with Elder Evans — a lunch — principles 
of faith and practice — spiritual guid- 
ance — modes of life — practical religion, 
683 

Analysis of human society: declaring the 
law which creates and sustains a com- 
munity having goods in common, 233 

Anderson, Martha Jane, 24-30, 36, 
98, 164, 190, 291, 367, 451, 890 

Anderson, Russell H., 474 

Andrews, Betsy, p. 305 

Andrews, Edward Deming, 48, 65, 
79, 437, 456, 472, 475-511, 518-19, 
523-24, 535, 542, 551, 553, 566, 
583, 586, 597, 611, 642, 647, 649, 
664, 670, 685-86, 692, 701, 703, 
713-14, 725, 729, 803, 954, 958, 
984, 992, 1165, 1202, pp. 298, 301, 
305, 309-15 

Andrews, Evelina L., p. 305 

Andrews, Faith, 472, 481, 490, 493, 
496-98, 502-3, 509, 511, 519, 524, 
535, 542, 583, 611-12, 642, 647, 
649, 664, 670, 685-86, 701, 703, 
713-14, 1202, pp. 298, 301, 309-15 

Andrews, W. Watson, 30-31 



Index 



319 



Anglican church. See Church of 

England 
Animals, 798 
"Ann Lee," 38 

Annual certificates of inspection, 1189 
Annual price list for market gardeners, 

407 
Anstatt, Isaac, 927 
Anthems. See Hymns and 

hymnbooks 
Antiques, 478, 482, 486-88, 500, 506- 

7, 532, 542, 550, 573, 588-89, 713, 

pp. 306, 310 
Appalachian Spring, 523, p. 314 
"An appeal," 262 
"Appeal to loyal workers: having 

ears to hear the message of 

Christ," 255 
Apples, 1086 
Appleton, D., & Co., New York, 

N.Y., 201 
Apprenticeships, 751. See also specific 

communities 
Aprons, p. 305 
Arbor of love, 32 
Arcade revisited: some additional notes 

for a piioneer songster, 657 
The architect's world: a monthly digest, 

494 
Architecture, 476, 494, 570, 573, 690, 

1028, 1032-34, pp. 300, 301. See also 

Building construction and specific 

communities 
Architecture and handicraft from the 

colonial days to the Civil War, 522 
The architecture of the Shakers, 573 
Arrangements relative to an extension of 

the privileges and duties of managers 

of the farms of the church at Mount 

Lebanon, 718 
Art and man, 677 
The art bulletin, 535 
Art in America, p. 313 
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 

111., 512 
Art League, Pittsfield, Mass., p. 313 
Art news, 666 



"Art of the Shaker folk," 685 

Artifacts, pp. 301-7 

"Arts and Crafts of the Shakers," 
p. 313 

Ashfield, Mass., 1183 

Aspects of Shaker culture: a symposium 
marking the dedication of the Edward 
Deming Andreivs Memorial Shaker 
Collection: November 17, 1969, 567 

At the sign of Gabriel, flag, or Indian 
chief, 520 

Atlantic cable and materialization, 146 

Atlantic monthly, 574 

Atlantic-Pacific Railway Tunnel Co., 
1111 

Auction catalogues. See Catalogues: 
auction 

Auger, Isaac, 122 

Austin, Olive H., p. 310 

Authorized rules of the Shaker commu- 
nity: given for the protection and guid- 
ance of the members in the several 
societies, 33, 421 

Autobiography, 34 

Autobiography of a Shaker and revelation 
of the apocalypse, 147-49 

Autobiography of Elder Abraham Perkins 
and in memoriam, 381 

Autobiography of Mary Antoinette Doo- 
little\ . . ,"llO-ir 

Avery, E. R., 1080 

Avery, Giles Bushnell, 34-39, 54, 
172, 202, 340, 395, 754, 1133 

Axon, William E. A., 571 

Ayres, Mary Ann, 805, 873 

Babbitt, Eliza, 811 

Babbitt, Seth, 830, 1186 

Babcock, Emily, 874 

Bacon, C. W., 1123 

Bacon, Jane, 755 

Bagg, Hulda, 1057 

Bailey, William, 731 

Baker, Arthur, 513 

Baker, Henry, 855 

Baker, Hiram C, 142 

Baker, Morrell, 365, 855, 1143 



320 



Index 



Baker, W., 40, 162 

Barber, Elijah, 862 

Barber, F., 1081 

Barber, John Warner, 514 

Barber, Miranda, 756 

Barker, Ruth Mildred, 41, p. 305 

Barnes, A. S., & Co., New York, 

N.Y., 869 
Barrett, Andrew, 875 
Barry, Colman James, 515 
Baskets, 700, 864, 1134 
Basting, Louis, 42, 812, 1056 
Bates, Barnabas, 516 
Bates, Betsy, 813 
Bates, Issachar, 813, 859, 1051 
Bates, Paulina, 43 
Bates, Sarah, 1057 
Bathrick, Eunice, 757 
Battles, Albert, 758 
Baxter, George H., 44 
Bazin & Chandler, Boston, Mass., 

213 
Bean, G. H., 66 
Bear, Henry B., 45-47 
Beautiful city, 32 

Beckwith, J. M., Pittsfield, Mass., 124 
Becoming a Shaker, 731-53 
Bedell, Stephen T., 1082 
Beecher, Henry Ward, 176 
Belden, Emoretta, 889 
Belfast Star, Belfast, Ireland, 372 
Believers hymns, 983 
Benedict, David, 517 
Benedictines in Shaker buildings, 626 
Bennet, Anna, 732 
Bennet, Joseph, 732, 736 
Berkshire American, Pittsfield, Mass., 

124 
Berkshire Consort, p. 305 
Berkshire County Eagle, Pittsfield, 

Mass., 152, i69, 184, 216 
The Berkshire Eagle, Pittsfield, Mass., 

151, 505. See also Eagle Publishing 

Co. 
Berkshire Industrial Farm Press, 

Canaan Four Corners, N.Y., 446, 

454 



Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Mass., 

518-19 
Berrian, J. & C, New York, N.Y., 432 
Bertrand, P., Pleasant Hill, Ky., 116 
Betts, Comstock, 464, 1183 
Bibles, 48-51 
Bibliographical Press, New Haven, 

Conn., 456 
Bibliography, 526, 599-600, 614, 651, 

669, 692, 711, 1207, pp. 309-10 
A bibliography of Shaker literature: with 

an introductory study of the icritings 

and publications pertaining to Ohio 

Believers, 599-600 
Bibliotheque Internationale de Sociologie 

de la Cooperation, 1, 543 
Bicknell, E., 1083 
Bill, Aaron, 814 
A bill of articles given to James Farnam's 

family, 1153 
Bill of sunder, articles delivered to his 

daughter, Reuama, 7^7 
Biographical sketch of Daniel Eraser of 

the Shaker community of Mt. Eeba- 

non, Columbia County, N.Y., 4 
A biography of the life and tragical death 

of Elder Caleb M. Dyer: together ivith 

the poem and eulogies at his funeral, 

July 21, 1863, 123 
The bird-craze, 24 
Bishop, Corinne, 75 
Bishop, Ebenezer, 52, 733 
Bishop, Job, 986 
Bishop, Rufus, 53-54, 60, 295-96, 

759, 1073, 1150, p. 305 
Black, Mary C, 520 
Blake, Hannah, 734 
Blake, Jacob, 734 
Blake, Nelson M., 521 
Blake, Olive, 734 
Blake, Rhoda, 734, 846 
Blakeman, Elisha d'Alembert, 55 
Blanchard, Emma J., 335 
Blanchard, Grove, 760 
Blanchard, Jane, 1013 
Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna, 1198, 

1202 



Index 



321 



Blinn, Henry Clay, 33, 39, 56-67, 
100, 332, 371, 385, 401, 421 

Bodge, Lucy, 761 

Boettcher, Alvin P., 1076 

Boler, Daniel, 307 

Bolton, Aquilla Massie, 68-69 

Bonnets, 1021, 1131, p. 305 

A book of orders ;^wen by Mother Lua/ 
for all that belong to the children's 
order: copied August 21st, 184U, 787 

A book of varied compositions chiro- 
graphically preserv'd, 987 

Books, 353," 808 

Boon suit, 328, 1047 

Born, W., 522 

Boston & Albany Railroad, 1147 

Boston neu'S-letter and city record, 676 

Boston Symphony Orchestra, Bos- 
ton, Mass., 523 

Bot in the years of 1847 and 48 or paid 
out by the sisters in the West family to 
the world for articles and work, 1097 

Bowers, Lucy S., 29, 70, 367, 416, 
791, 987-90, pp. 299, 310 

Bowles, Samuel, & Co., Springfield, 
Mass., 93 

Boxes. See Oval boxes 

Boyd, Jos. B., Cincinnati, Ohio, 379 

Brainard, D. C, & Co., New Leba- 
non, N.Y., 71-73, 1056, 1085-87 
1128, 1182, p. 303 

Braisted, Alice, 310, 1088 

Brauer, Richard H., 524 

Brethett, John, 328 

Brewster, Cassandra, 762 

Brewster, Joanna, 762 

Brewster, Justus, 762, 1059 

Brief and useful moral instructions for 
the you}ig, 425 

A brief exposition of the established prin- 
ciples and regulations of the United 
Society called Shakers, 246-53 

A brief exposition of the principls and 
regulations of the United Society of 
Believers, 254 

A brief illustration of the principles of 
war and peace: showing the ruinous 



policy of the former and the superior 
efficacy of the latter for national pro- 
tection and defence . . . , 437 

Brief inventory of the personal property 
of the Shaker community in 
Tyringham after the union of the tivo 
families, Dec. 1861: not including 
wearing apparel, furniture, tools, &c., 
&c., 1159 

Brief narrative of events touching various 
reforms, 299 

A brief sketch of the religious society of 
people called Shakers, 696 

A brief synopsis of the funeral of E. 
Richard Bushnell, 1060 

A brief weekly journal, 850 

Briggs, Nicholas A., 74, 401 

Brightbill, Dorothy Lambert, 525 

Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, N.Y., 
217,' 373, 428, 1202 

Brooks, C, 997 

Brooms, 1031, 1083, 1138, 1151, 
pp. 301, 302 

Browley, David, 757 

Brown, Angeline, 991 

Brown, Charles, 992 

Brown, Grace Ada, 75-77 

Brown, Lyman, New York, N.Y., 351 

Brown, Margaret, 1089 

Brown, Sandra G., 526 

Brown, Thomas, 78, 97, 440 

Browne, Charles Farrar, 527 

Browne, John W., Cincinnati, Ohio, 
323 

Brownson, Hannah, 79 

Bruce, Arthur, p. 310 

Bryant, Lucy, 1044 

Bryant, William Cullen, 996 

Buchanan, Scott, 485 

Buckingham, D. A., 876 

Buddhism and Christianity face to 
face . . . , 634 

Buddhism and Shakerism, 634 

Buffalo and Erie County Public 
Library, Buffalo, N.Y., 711 

Build a Shaker cupboard, 525 

Building construction, 1027-34. See 



322 



Index 



also Architecture and specific 

communities 
Bull, Hampton C, 1178, 1182 
Bullard & Foster, Keene, N.H., 12 
Bulletin Steam Presses, Miamisburg, 

Ohio, 98 
Burger, Sarah, 962 
Burlingame, Nathan, 1052 
Burnham, E., 1161 
Burnhams & Van Schaack, Chicago, 

111., p. 303 
Burns, James, London, England, 178, 

186, 200, 304 
Burt Franklin. Bibliography & reference 

series, 422, 600 
Bushnell, Richard, 218, 220, 458, 

1060, 1105 
Bushnell, Sally, 764, 815 
Business and finance, 1079-1152 
Bussell, Joshua H., p. 306 
Butrich, Amos, 1171 
Byrdsall, Charlotte, 27 

Cahill, Holger, 697 

Calver, Amelia J., 109, 451, 554-55, 
993 

Calvin's confession: a communication 
given in the name of John Calvin, the 
Geneva reformer, in the Shaker com- 
77ninit}/, Shakers, Albani/ Co., N.Y., 
268 

Cambell, Sylvia, 528 

Camisards, French, p. xvii 

Canaan, N.Y., community. See New 
Lebanon, N.Y., community 

Canaan Printing Co., Canaan, N.Y., 
430 

Canning, 695 

Canterbury, N.H., community, busi- 
ness conducted at, 1090, 1133; cen- 
sus of members, 1162; mentioned, 
80-87, 95, 228-29, 396-98, 400, 
403-5, 442, 460, 587, 678, 986, 994- 
95, 1054, pp. 302, 303; photo- 
graphs of, pp. 297, 298, 310; publi- 
caHons from, 33-34, 39, 42-43, 52, 
55-60, 62-67, 74, 80-83, 86-87, 95, 



99-100, 108-9, 130, 228-29, 235, 
242, 245, 249, 254, 294-95, 332, 
335, 360, 364, 382, 385, 389, 396- 
98, 400-402, 416-17, 419, 427, 442, 
457, 461; relations with other com- 
munities, 1036, 1039 

Capital and labor, 150 

A card of love and notice from blessed 
Mother Ann to Elizabeth Lovegrove, 
Januari/ 25th, 1843, 781 

Carey, Graham, 529 

Carnegie, Andrew, 2 

Carniverous parrots: Elder Evans' theory 
of the wonders of animal life, 151 

Caroline Behlen Piercy, December 31, 
1886-April 2, 1955, 637 

Carpets, 1012 

Carr, Mary Frances, 88-93 

Carson, David, 788 

Carter, Rebecca, 1075 

Carter, Rhoda, 94 

Case, Anna, 725, 803, 1076 

Casey, Fannie C, 3 

Cassandra Brewster's account of her par- 
ents, Justus & Joanna, & the way the\/ 
found the virgin brotherhood, 762 

Catalogue: auction of Shaker antiques at 
Darrow School, New Lebanon, Neiv 
York, Saturday 5 August 1961, 539 

Catalogue: Canterbun/ Shakers, manufac- 
turers of "Dorothy" cloaks, all-wool 
sweaters, and fancy goods, 80 

Catalogue and price list of Shakers' 
chairs, 429-30 

Catalogue for the year, 593 

Catalogue 46: Shaker literature, books & 
pamphlets, 692 

Catalogue of a priimte sale of Shaker fur- 
niture from the collection of Mrs. Wil- 
lard Burdette Force: at "Shaker 
Holloiu," South Salem . . . , 553 

Catalog of fancy goods made at Shaker 
Village, Alfred, York County, Maine, 
3 

Catalogue of garden seeds raised and sold 
by the United Society, Pittsfield, Berk- 
shire Co., Mass., 263 



Index 



323 



Catalogue of medicinal plants and vegeta- 
ble medicines: to which is annexed 
their most prominent medical proper- 
ties; prepared m the United Society at 
Enfield, N.H., 142 

Catalogue of medicinal plants, barks, 
roots, seeds, flowers and select pow- 
ders . . . , 342, 346 

Catalogue of the Emma B. King Library 
of the Shaker Museum, 669 

Catalog of the measured drawings and 
photographs of the Survey in the 
Library of Congress, 570 

Catalogues: auction, 539, 541, 553, 
584, 688, 699; commercial, 3, 71- 
73, 80-81, 84-86, 104, 140-43, 263, 
341-43, 346-47, 349, 351-54, 356- 
59, 361-63, 407, 409, 411, 429-32, 
434, 554-55, 561-62, 681-82, 692; 
exhibition, see Exhibitions and 
exhibition catalogues 

Catholic Art Association, 529 

Celibacy, 224, 260, 286, 291, 340, 393, 
778, 1206, p. xvii 

The celibate Shaker life, 340 

Centennial illustrated catalogue and price 
list of the Shakers' chairs, foot benches, 
floor mats, etc. . . . , 343 

A century of communism: the history of 
the people known as Shakers, 5 

Ceten, Caty. See Seaton, Caty 

Chair-room order book, 1125 

Chairs, 343, 347, 354, 429-32, 434, 
1095-96, 1118, 1123, 1125, 1142, 
pp. 300, 301, 302, 304. See also 
Furniture 

Chamberlain, Joseph, 238 

Chandler, Agatha B. E., 95 

Chandler, Lloyd Horwitz, 95, 530-31 

Chapman, Mrs. Eunice (Hawley), 
96-97, 327, 521 

Chap. 174: an act in relation to certain 
trusts, passed April 15, 1839, 470 

Charitable contributions, 1153-60 

Chatham Courier, Chatham, N.Y., 
175, 408 

Chicago World's Columbian Exposi- 



tion. See World's Columbian 
Exposition 

Child, H. T., 182 

Children, 1, 295-96, 391-92, 425, 577, 
591, 732, 734, 745-46, 751, 777, 
781, 784-87, 1196. See also Appren- 
ticeships; Schooling; and specific 
communities 

A choice collection of medical and botani- 
cal receipts, 1015 

Christ, 152 

The Christ ideal in Shakerism, 427 

Christ the harvester, 269 

Christ the way: the word of God abides 
forever, 270 

The christian, 461 

"Christian communists (vulgarly 
called Shakers)," 98 

A Christian community, 57 

Christian Science and Shakerism, 
1202 

Christianity, 42 

Christmas, 502-3, 611, 726 

"Christ's kingdom — its bed rock 
foundations," 291 

Chronicle & Job Printing Office, 
Orange, N.J., 129 

Church of England, pp. xvii, xviii 

Ciba revieu^, 522 

Circular concerning the dress of Believ- 
ers, 35 

Circular letter in defence of the United 
Society of Believers, commonly called 
Shakers: with a reply to correspon- 
dents, 259 

Circular to Believers, 344 

Circular to Believers universally, 1126 

City of Love, 758, 768 

City of Peace, 768, 771, 773, 829, 852 

City of Union, 768 

Clapp, Charles, 98, 262 

Claremont Hall, London, England, 
200 

A clarion call to redeem the race: the bur- 
den of mothers, 415 

Clark, 1. W., Albany, N.Y., 97 

Clark, Margaret Buckner, 560 



324 



Index 



Clark, Rufus, 735 

Claverton Manor, Bath, England. See 
The American Museum 

Clemence, Beulah, 295 

Cleveland, Margaret, 27 

Cleveland Plain Dealer, Cleveland, 
Ohio, 672 

Clinton, De Witt, 1197 

Clothing and dress, 24, 35, 80, 
135, 157-58, 341, 349, 670, 736, 
738, 747, 771, 797, 819, 824, 853, 
1013, 1017, 1019, 1021, 1025, 1084, 
1113, 1138, pp. 301, 302, 309, 314. 
See also specific items of dress 

Clussman, Joseph A., New York, 
N.Y., 51 

A cluster of thought flashes, 44 

Cogar mob, 328 

A collection of anthems given by the rev- 
elation and gift of God through the 
ministration of our Blessed Mother 
Ann: given in the last part of 1839 
and first of 2840, 967 

A collection of extra soiigs of various 
kinds, 893 

A collection of gospel anthejns gii'en to 
the followers of Christ in his second 
appearing, 985 

A collection of harmonies and melodies 
adapted to sacred worship, 98 

A collection of hymns, 972 

A collection of hymns and anthems 
adapted to public worship: published 
In/ the Shakers, 58 

A collection of hymns and spiritual 
songs: co7np>osed by the Millennial 
Church, 894 

A collection of hymns and spiritual songs 
improved in our general worship, 932 

A collection of hymns and spiritual songs 
improved in our worship: New Leba- 
non, February 16th, 1834, 881 

A collection of hymns improved in the 
sacred worship of Believers in Christ's 
Second Appearing, 883 
A collection of hymns selected from dif- 
ferent parts: improved in our general 



worship, 930 

A collection of marches and labouring 
tunes, 895 

A collection of millennial hymns adapted 
to the present order of the church, 100 

A collection of sacred songs: used in our 
general worship, 923 

A collection of songs, 899, 973 

A collection of songs of various kinds: 
written and pricked for the purpose of 
retaining them, 882, 896 

A collection of spiritual hymns from var- 
ious authors, 975 

A collection of spiritual songs: containing 
sentiments expressive of the feelings of 
those who worship God in the beauty 
of holiness, 964 

Collins, Sarah, 101, 137, 1089, 1142 

The coming of Christ, 271 

The coming Shaker exhibition in Manhat- 
tan: a gallery note, 588 

Comments on the Shakers from various 
sources in the Neiv Hampshire Histori- 
cal Society library, 531 

Commercial catalogues. See Cata- 
logues: commercial 

The commonwealth, 536 

The commonwealth of Jesus, 547 

Communal architecture of the Shakers, 
476 

The communal people known as Shakers, 
1209 

Communism, 30, 258, 262 

Communism, 30 

The communistic societies of the United 
States: from personal visit and obser- 
vation, including detailed accounts of 
the Economists, Zoarites, Shakers . . . , 
623 

The community industries of the Shakers, 
477, pp. 311-12 

A compendious narrative elucidating the 
character, disposition, and conduct of 
Mary Dyer . . . , 124 

The complete works of Artemus Ward: 
with a biographical sketch . . . and 
many humorous illustrations, 527 



Index 



325 



Comstock, Helen, 532 

A concise answer to the general inquirx/: 
who, or what are the Shakers, 315-18 

A concise answer to the many questions 
asked by the public, 103 

A concise catechism containing the most 
important events recorded in the Bible: 
also, a short sketch of the lives of our 
first elders or parents . . . , 59 

A coitcise description of a spiritual loom 
in which we are daily weaving a gar- 
ment of righteousness, 993 

A concise history of the United Society of 
Beliei^ers, called Shakers, 389 

A concise statement of the principles of 
the only true church: according to the 
gospel of the present appearance of 
Christ . . . , 333-34 

A concise statement of the principles of 
the only true church of Christ, 335 

Concise statements concertiing the life 
and religious vieu's of the Shakers, 70 

A concise vieic of the church of God and 
of Christ on earth: having its founda- 
tion in the faith of Christ's first and 
second apipearing. New Lebanon, 
1856, 861 

Condition of society and its only hope in 
obeying the everlasting gospel: as now 
developing among Believers in Christ's 
Second Appearing, 127 

The conditions of peace, 153 

Conduct of life from spirit messages 
and Shaker leaders, 754-810 

Confession of sin, 154, 164 

Congress Hall, Rochester, N.Y., 1163 

Conlin, Mary Lou, 533 

Connecticut Dairymen's Association, 
534 

Connecticut Historical Society, Hart- 
ford, p. 313 

The Connecticut magazine, 707 

Connecticut Valley Historical Society, 
1209 

The Connoisseur, 694 

The Connoisseur in America, 694 

Conscientious objection, 106, 338, 



365, 1204, p. xix. See also 
Conscription 

Conscription, 1161-82. See a/so Con- 
scientious objection 

Consecrated ingenuity: the Shakers and 
their inventions, 708 

Considerations Ulustrating the necessity 
of some revisions in the direction and 
management of temporal concerns 
among Believers and in our covenant, 
715 

The constitution of the United Societies 
of Believers (called Shakers): contain- 
ing sundry covenants and articles of 
agreement definitive of the legal 
grounds of the institution, 319 

The constitution or covenant of the 
United Society of Believers, called 
Shakers, in the United States of Amer- 
ica, 102 

The contemporary reviezv, 572 

Conway, Susannah, 910 

Cookery, 10-11, 17, 359, 528, 1020, 
1024, 1026 

Coolbroth, Eugenia M., 103 

Coolby, Ebenezer, 1038 

Coomaraswamy, Ananda K., 535 

Copland, Aaron, 523, p. 314 

Copley, Elizabeth, 958 

Copjy of a journal of a visit to the ivest- 
ern societies, 836 

A copy of a letter written by James Whit- 
aker to his parents in England, 809 

Corbett's Shaker syrup of sarsparilla: sold 
by all druggists, 81 

Corn, 1085,' p. 302 

Corning, Norton, & Co., Albany, 
N.Y., 1200 

Correspondence, 155 

Cossack & Co., Boston, Mass., p. 
303 

The country: a new earth and new heav- 
ens, 156 

The courier, 526 

Courier Printing & Publishing 
House, Chatham, N.Y., 165 

Court of Appeals: the Shaker case; Gass 



326 



Index 



& Bonta vs. Wilhite and als., 536 

Covenant & agreement with the overseers 
[of the New Lebanon, N.Y., commu- 
nity], 739 

Covenant of the family of Believers in the 
town of Canaan: being a branch of the 
central institution of the order of 
young Believers at New-Lebanon, 722 

The covenant or constitution of the 
church at Hancock, Mass., 716 

The covenant or constitution of the Sec- 
ond family in the New-Lebanon United 
Society, 723 

Covenants, 102, 715-16, 719-23, pp. 
XX, 304 

Cowles, Calvin J., 1092 

Cox, Emma, 1058 

Craftsmanship and folklore, 647 

Craftsmanship of an American religious 
sect: notes on Shaker furniture, 478 

"Creation and the fall of man," 1199 

The cresset: a review of literature, the 
arts, and public affairs, 524 

Crittenton, Chas. N., Co., New 
York, N.Y., 363 

Crook, Elizabeth, 537 

Crosman, Abigail, 89, 816 

Crosman, Charles F., 104-5 

Crosman, Charles W., 1093 

Crosman, Daniel, 787, 878 

Crosman, George F., 1093 

Crosman Bros., Rochester, N.Y., 
1093 

Cross, Dorothy Embry, 538 

Crossman, Daniel, 244 

Crossman, Rufus, 173, 1094 

Cruelty to birds, 157-58 

Culver, Hannah, 1023 

Curator, 520 

Currier, Nathaniel, p. 307 

Cushing, William, 425 

Cutler, Sarah, 879 

D. A. Buckingham's book: divided into 
two parts, the first containing a selec- 
tion of hymns not calculated for com- 
mon use and the second, a variety of 



poetical pieces well adapted for the use 
of divine worship, &c., 876 

Daguerreotypes, p. 297 

Daily Democrat Steam Printing 
House, Rochester, N.Y., 393 

Dairymen's field meeting: by invitation 
of the Shaker families. Shaker Station, 
Conn., 534 

Dalton, John C, 880 

Damon, Thomas, 817 

Danforth, Joshua, 1156 

Dansk Kunsthaandvaerk, 559 

Darby, John, 323 

Darrow, 540 

Darrow School, New Lebanon, N.Y., 
539-41, 615. See also Lebanon 
School 

Dartmouth Press, Hanover, N.H., 139 

Darwinian theory, 383 

Dates when buildittgs were erected in 
Enfield, Connecticut, from 1785: cop- 
ied from the North family journal, 
1027 

Davenport, Thomas, 506 

Davenport, Tom, p. 305 

Davidson, Ruth B., 542 

Davis, Ana, 855 

Davis, Andrew Jackson, 38 

Day, Charles, & Co., Portland, 
Maine, 313 

A day book or journal of work and var- 
ious things, 819 

The day of judgemerit as taught by the 
Millennial Church (Shakers): with a 
few rays of light gathered from scrip- 
tures and other sources, 114 

"Daybreak," 994 

Day-Star, 127 

Debt collecting, 471 

DeCamp, Patricia S., 608 

A declaration of the society of people 
(commonly called Shakers): shewing 
their reasons for refusing to aid or abet 
the cause of war and bloodshed by 
bearing arms . . . , 106 

Dedicated to the memory of Sister Polly 
Lewis: the king's daughter, 445 



Index 



327 



Dedication, 107 

De Gil, Deborah Goodman, 669 

De Graw, Genevieve, 997 

Delano, Columbus, 435 

Deming, ]., 53 

Deming, Nathaniel, 438, 464, 728, 

1183 
Deming, William, 765, 818 
Denny, Geo. T., Pittsfield, Mass., 

431 
Denton & Wood, Cambridgeport, 

Mass., 823 
"The dependence of the singing or 

speaking form of the larynx upon 

the respiratory effort," 190 
Designed for use: the nature of function 

in Shaker craftsmanship, 479-80 
Desroche, Henri Charles, 543, 552, 

p. 310 
Devere, Cecelia, 422 
De Vere, Mary Ainge, 544 
Devereaux & Co., Boston, Mass., 143 
The dew drop, 108 
DeWitt, Caty, 881 
DeWitt, George, 863 
DeWitt, Henry, 882, 894, 1139 
Dialogue between the church and the old 

gentleman, 320 
Diaries, personal thoughts, and 

remembrances, 811-61 
A diary kept for the use & convenience of 

the herb department, 837 
Dibble, Chancy, 109 
Dickens, Charles, p. xxiv 
The different prices of bonnets set by the 

office deaconess at Mt. Lebanon, 1131 
Directions for using soda, 1013 
A discourse on the order and propriety of 

divine inspiration and revelation . . . , 

301 
Discourses on religion, science, and edu- 
cation, 128 
Dispensations: a concise statement of the 

principles of the only true church 

according to the gospel of the present 

appearing of Christ . . . , 336 
DisHllation, 1140 



The divine afflatus: a force in history, 
234 

The divine book of holy and eternal wis- 
dom: revealing the word of God, out of 
whose mouth goeth a sharp sword, 43 

Divine judgement, justice and mercy: a 
revelation of the great white throne; 
judgement is an influx of higher truths, 
their influence is an efflux, and their 
effects are purifying and uplifting, 272 

Divine motherhood, 273 

The divine procedure in the affairs of 
men, 235 

The divinity of humanity: the corner- 
stone of the temple of the future, 236 

Dixon, Hepworth, 178 

Dixon, Mary, 883-84 

Dixon, William Hepworth, 545 

Dr. Peebles and Elder Evans in Glasgow: 
farewell meetings, 387-88 

Doctrine. See Organizational struc- 
ture and doctrine 

Dodge, E. S., Printing Co., New 
York, N.Y., 253 

Dodge, Peter, 365 

Dodgson, Anna, 998 

Doing and being, acting and reacting, 
the seen and unseen, cause and effect: 
the vail of death destroyed . . . and 
heaven opened, disclosing things that 
shall he here and hereafter, 274 

Domestic medicine for the cure of dis- 
eases by regimen & simple medicines: 
comprising a collection of receipts from 
various parts, 1018 

Donnell, G. O., 1095 

Doolittle, Mary Antoinette, 110-13, 
444, 1202 

Dorothy cloaks, 80 

Dose-list of fluid extracts put up at 
Shaker Village, Mount Lebanon, 
Columbia County, N.Y., 345 

Doty, Lockwood S., 1163 

Dow, Edward French, 546 

Dowe, Arthur W., 114, 547 

Down-east spirituals and others: three 
hundred songs supplementary to the 



328 



Index 



author's Spiritual folk-songs of early 

America, 580 
Draper, Olive Ruth, 1024 
Drawings, 500, 557, 666, 670, 685, 

pp. 301, 311, 314 
Drew, Ira T., 115 
Drinking customs. See Eating and 

drinking customs; Vegetarianism 
Druggists hand-hook of pure botanic 

preparations &c., 346 
Dunlavy, John, 116-20 
Durgin, Dorothy Ann, 121 
Durkee, James M., 122 
Dyeing, 1023 

Dyer, Caleb Marshall, 123 
Dyer, Jerub, 143 
Dyer, Joseph, 124 
Dyer, Mary Marshall, 97, 124-26, 

327, 676, 742, 835, 1044 
Dyer, Walter A., 548 

Eads, Harvev Lauderdale, 102, 127- 

36, 702 
Eagle Air Furnace, 1200 
Eagle Publishing Co., Pittsfield, 

Mass., 5-6, 76, 185, 227, 443. See 

also The Berkshire Eagle 
Early Shaker Spirituals, p. 305 
East Canterbury, N.H., community. 

See Canterbury, N.H., community 
Easton, Elizabeth, 137 
Eating and drinking customs, 1, 79, 

193, 241, 422, 788, 793-94, 1020. 

See also Vegetarianism 
Eddy, William, 216 
Edgerly, Josiah, 730 
The editor's attic, 542, 589 
Education, 808, 845, 1117. See also 

Report cards; Schooling 
"Education," 218 
Edward Fowler vs. Jacob R. Hollet^beck 

and William H. Pillow: bill of excepi- 

tions, 622 
Egbert, Hovey & King, New York, 

N.Y., 322 
Egyptian Sphinx, 159 
Eine kurze Beschreibung des Glaubens 



und praktischen Lebens der Verein. 
Gesellschaft Gldubiger in Christi zwei- 
ter Erscheinung gewohnlich genannt 
"Shakers," 643 

Elam, Aida, 138 

Elder Evans on collecting debts, 160-61, 
471 

Elder Evans on materialization, 146 

"Elder Evans' platform," 158 

Elder Evans' reply, 162 

Elder Evans to Henry George, 163 

Elkins, Hervey, 139 

Ellett, Joanna S., 711 

Ely Bros., Owego, N.Y., 88 

Emerich, A. D., 649 

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, p. xxiv 

Emery, Ronald D., 541 

Emlen, Robert P., p. 306 

Enfield, Conn., community, 140-41, 
420, 627, 810, 817, 833, 1027, 1036, 
1088, 1168; mentioned, p. xx; pho- 
tographs of, pp. 297, 298 

Enfield, N.H., community, 142-43, 
371, 689, 968, 1030, 1037, 1164, 
p. 297 

Equal Rights Club, Hartford, Conn., 446 

Essays in literature and criticism, 
138, 600 

Essex County, Mass., 731 

Esty, Mariette, 999 

Eunice against the Shakers, 521 

Evans, Frederick White, 425 

Evans, Frederick William, 36, 40, 
122, 144-227, 237, 260, 297, 366, 
370, 375-77, 387-88, 408, 425, 443, 
471, 683, 766, 783, 1165-66, 1199, 
1202 

Evans, Jessie, 228-29 

Evans, John, 549 

Evans family, 201 

Every-day biography: containing a collec- 
tion of nearly 1,400 brief biographies 
. . . , 554-55 

Evolution of Shawknit, the fittest stock- 
ings: with cuts showing how the 
Shawknit heel differs from the seam- 
less, 682 



Index 



329 



Ex parte Shaker societies: brief, 1184 

Exhibit of applied photography: prepared 
by William F. Winter of Schenectady, 
N.y 596 

Exhibition of Shaker arts and crafts: 
assembled and arranged by Mr. and 
Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews, 714 

Exhibition of Shaker craftsmanship: the 
Jones Library, Amherst, Massachu- 
setts, June il to September 12, 583 

Exhibitions and exhibition cata- 
logues, 472-73, 490, 503, 512, 519, 
532, 550, 578, 583, 588, 596-97, 
619, 649, 656, 666, 685-86, 690, 
703, 706, 714, 1209, pp. 300, 310, 
313. See also Museum collections 

Exhibitions and sales, 550 

Expences of West family sisters for 1867, 
1098 

An explanatory address and testimony of 
light and truth: to the United Society 
of Believers or Shakers in the United 
States of America and to whom it may 
concern, 386 

Expression of faith: a discursive letter, 
129 

Expressions of praise in songs and 
anthems, 879 

An extract from the holy orders of the 
church: written by Father Joseph to the 
elders of the church at Neiv Lebanon 
and copied agreeable to Father Joseph's 
word, February 18th, 1841, 791 

An extract from the orders, rules, and 
counsels for the people of God, 724 

Facts about Shakers, 103 

A fair and festival, 656 

The faith once delivered to the saints, 

133-34 
Familiar dialogues on Shakerism: in 

which the principles of the United 

Society are illustrated and defended, 

313 
Family circle, 510, 556 
Family record, 826 
Fancy oval covered boxes, 347 



Farewell address of Elder Ebenezer 
Bishop of Nezv Lebanon to the inhabi- 
tants of Zion: written at the Holy 
Mount, Dec. 29, 1842, 52 
Farming. See Gardening 
Farnam, James, 1153 
Fashion digest, 664 
Feathers, 24 

Federal Art Project, 697, 706 
Fellenberg, Frederick, 215 
Ferguson, Edwin Earle, 551 
A few items written by Sally Bushnell 
for her oivn amusement & to 
strengthen memory in relation to 
dates, 815 
A few words from Jonathan Wood con- 
cerning his faith in the gospel, 856 
Fifteen years a Shakeress, 230 
Fifteen years in the senior order of Shak- 
ers: a narration of facts concerning 
that singular people, 139 
Fifty books of the year 1938: an exhibi- 
tion of American bookniaking . . . , 
472 
The fine arts: the gift to be simple, 524 
The first authoritive and comprehensive 
history of the sect: Shakerism, its 
meaning and message . . . , 231 
Fisher, B., & A. Burnett, Union Vil- 
lage, Ohio, 464 
Fitch, Stephen, 738 
Fitch, William, 738 
Flaming szvord, 232 
Fletcher, Hezekiah, 1185 
Fletcher, Verne H., 543, 552 
Flomen, Michael, 541 
Fogg Art Museum. See William 

Hayes Fogg Art Museum 
Vt' followers of the lamb: SATE with 

piano, 551 
Food reform magazine, 144 
For the ministry of the City of Peace, 

771 
Force, Julianna, p. 310 
Fortnightly Club, Pittsfield, Mass., 

p. 313 
Foster, B. F., Milford, N.H., p. 298 



330 



Index 



Fowler, Edward, 342, 622, 1092, 
1105, 1107, 1128, 1160, 1195 

Fowler & Wells Co., New York, 
N.Y., 554-55 

Fragrance from the altar of incense: 
Shaker contributions to the Flaming 
sword, 232 

Frances, Evan, 556 

Frank Leslie's popular monthly, 679 

Eraser, Daniel, 4, 98, 198, 233-41, 
291, 340 

"The free woman," 268 

Fresh apples, 1086 

Fresh herbs raised, gathered, and put up 
by the United Society — Shakers — 
Enfield, Conn., UO' 

Friends, Society of, 69, 696, p. xvii 

From the Canterbury Shakers, 82 

Frost, Joseph, 1035 

Frost, Lily Marguerite, 242-43 

Fruits of the Shaker tree of life: memoirs 
of fifty years of collecting and research, 
481, 1202, pp. 301, 304, 306, 307, 
311, 313 

A full century of communism: the history 
of the Alethians, formerly called Shak- 
ers, 6 

"The furnishings of Shaker dwellings 
and shops," 519 

Furniture, 478-80, 482, 486, 493, 495- 
97, 507, 512, 522, 524-25, 542, 548, 
550, 553, 559, 578, 588, 597, 633, 
635, 649, 653, 664-65, 670, 688, 
697, 713, 1089, 1118, 1148, 1211, 
pp. 298, 301, 304, 309, 310, 314. See 
also Chairs 

The furniture of an Ai7ierican religious 
sect, 482 

The furniture of the Shakers: a plea for 
its preservation as part of our national 
inheritattce, 548 

Furniture of the western Shakers, 1211 

Further word concerning a treasure box 
given to the holy annointed in Wis- 
dom's Vallexf for Mother's children on 
the Mount; made knoum by a holy 
angel from Christ the Saviour, 



April 7th, 1842, 804 
"The future life," 36 

Gage, Moore & Co., Manchester, 
N.H., 123 

The galaxy, 230, 582 

Gamaliel [pseud.], 1003 

Garden Club of America, 499 

Garden seeds, fresh and genuine: raised 
by the United Society — Shakers — 
Enfield, Conn. . . . , 141 

The gardener's manual: containing plain 
instructions for the selection, prepara- 
tion, and management of a kitchen 
garden: with practical directions for 
the cultivation and management of 
some of the more useful culinary vege- 
tables, 105 

The gardener's manual: . . . to which is 
prefixed a catalogue of the various 
kinds of garden seeds raised in the 
United Society at New Lebanon . . . , 
104 

Gardening, 104-5, 407-8, 474, 499, 
564, p. 300 

Garfield, James A., 214 

Gates, Benjamin, 682, 819, 852, 969, 
1138, 1160, 1163, 1165-66, 1174-75, 
1195 

Gay, Stephen R., 1099 

Geer, Elihu, Hartford, Conn., 251 

A general statement of the holy laws of 
Zion, 802-3 

Gentle manners: a guide to good morals, 
60 

George, Henry, 163, 189 

Geo. Albert's song book, 929 

George Arents Research Library, Syr- 
acuse, N.Y., 526 

George DeWitt's cyphering book, 863 

Georgia historical quarterly, 693 

Giddings, S. M., New York, N.Y., 
1201 

The gift to be simple, 41, 557 

The gift to be simple: songs, dances and 
rituals of the American Shakers, 483, 
523, 551, p. 312 



Index 



331 



Gilbert, Elisha, 739 
Gillespie, Mary Ann, 244 
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 415 
Gilman, Joseph A., 1176 
Gilson, F. H., Co., Boston, Mass., 

400 
Glass, James S., 282 
Gleanings from old Shaker journals, 

394 
"A glimpse into the inner circle," 

95 
God, dual, 74 
God is God, 164 
God parental: or the father and mother 

spirit manifested in diety: copied 

August 1850, 767 
Goepper, Anna, 820 
Goldsmith & Lazelle, Springfield, 

Mass., p. 298 
"Good Believers' character," 107 
Good work, 41, 529, 704 
Goodrich, Daniel, 821, 1183 
Goodrich, Hannah, 1036 
Gordon, Beverly, 558 
The gospel grange: an order originating 

from the visit paid by the Shakers to 

the spiritualist's camp meeting at Lake 

Pleasant, Montague Co., Mass., 244 
The gospel monitor: a little hook of 

Mother Anri's word . . . , 245 
Goss, Sylvester T., Haverhill, N.H., 

125 
Goss, William O., 880 
Gottschling, A., 206 
"Government," 36 
"The government of Christ's king- 
dom, a theocracy," 291 
Gowans, Alan, 559 
Granite monthly, 530, 565 
Grant, Ulysses S., 207 
Great Awakening, p. xix 
A great white throne, 165 
Green, Calvin, 43, 120, 202, 219, 246- 

57, 284-85, 301, 365, 733, 1005, 

1090, 1167, p. xxiii 
Green, Henry G., 795 
Greene, Nancy Lewfis, 560 



Greetings to you from the Society of 

American Shakers, 258 
Greves, John, 194 
Greylock, Godfrey. See Smith, Joseph 

Edward Adams 
Grosvenor, A. H., Groton Junction, 

Mass., 799 
Grosvenor, Lorenzo Dow, 259-60, 

317 
Groveland, N.Y., community, 816, 

879, 1042 
Grover, Hiram S., 1186 
Guiding Star Printing House, Chi- 
cago, 111., 28, 279-80. See also 

Koreshan Unity 
Guild of Shaker Crafts, Spring Lake, 

Mich., 561-62, 663 
Guthe, Carl Eugen, 563 

Halcyon Society, 1048 

Halford, Robert, 361 

Hall, Frances, 1089 

Hall, Noah, 1062 

Hall's journal of health, 193 

Ham, F. Gerald, p. 310 

Hamilton, Chas., Worcester, Mass., 425 

Hamlin, Samuel, 739 

Hammond, Amos, 745, 1038 

Hammond, Israel, 750, 1137 

Hammond, Lucy Ann, 1013 

Hampton, Oliver C, 261-62 

Hancock, Mass., community, build- 
ings, 1028-30, 1033-34, p. 306; 
business conducted at, 1080, 1097- 
1100, 1111, 1138; census of mem- 
bers, 826, 1061, 1063-65, 1074, 
1077, 1168-69; charitable contribu- 
tions, 1153-54; diaries at, 822-29, 
851-52, 856-57; hymnbooks from, 
885-91; inventories of converts, 
737; leadership, 717, 727; men- 
tioned, 263, 300, 484, 564, 630, 662, 
680, 694, 1042, 1049, 1059, 1062, 
pp. xix, 299, 301; photographs of, 
p. 297; publications from, 53, 263, 
438; real-estate records, 740; reci- 
pes from, 1014; spirit messages. 



332 



Index 



755, 761, 763, 765, 768-69, 772-75, 
779-80, 810; wills at, 737 

Hancock Shaker Village: a guidebook and 
history, 630 

The Hancock Shakers: the Shaker commu- 
nity at Hancock, Massachusetts, 
1780-1960, 484 

Hancock Village keepsake, no. 2, 661 

Hancock Village keepsake, no. 3, 499 

Hand, Sherman P., 204 

Handicraft instructions. See Recipes 
and handicraft instructions 

"Hands to Work, Hearts to God," 
p. 312 

Hannah, Alice, 741 

Happy release, 366 

Harmoniae, Philos [pseud.], 330 

Harmonian Society, 1048, 1051 

Harmonies and melodies, 99 

Harper's new monthly magazine, 598 

Harrington, Theophilus, 372 

Harris, Amanda B., 565 

Hart & Shepard, East Canterbury, 
N.H., 80 

Harvard, Mass., community, busi- 
ness conducted at, 1101-2; census 
of members, 1066-67, 1169; 
diaries at, 811, 830, 837; hymn- 
books from, 892; mentioned, 394, 
625, 690, 1031, 1035, 1039, p. xx; 
photographs of, p. 297; publica- 
tions from, 301; spirit messages, 
757, 760 

The Harvard Shakers, 1205 

Harvard University, Committee on 
the Visual Arts, Cambridge, Mass., 
566 

Haskett, William J., 264 

Hastings, Marcia, 66 

Haswell & Russell, Bennington, Vt., 
333 

Hawkins, Daniel]., 1103 

Hawkins, Jeremiah, 1104 

Hay, Nisbet & Co., Glasgow, Scot- 
land, 386 
Hazard, Mary, 265, 448, 882, 893-96, 
1204 



Hazen Printing Co., Penacook, N.H., 

138, 243 
"He is not here," 194 
Healey, Patrick, 1116 
Heaven annointed woman, 275 
Heer, Fred. J., Columbus, Ohio, 266, 

450 
Hemenway, C. T., 267 
Henry B. Bear's advent experience, 45 
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur 

Museum, Winterthur, Del., 567, 

pp. 301, 305 
Henry Vincent's visit to Mt. Lebanon, 

Col. Co., N.Y., 428, 1199 
Herb garden: Hancock Shaker Village, 

564 
Herb industry, 141-43, 342, 357-58, 

498, 564, 837, 1101, 1106, 1120, 

1129, 1189, 1194, 1203, p. 309 
The higher law of spiritual progression, 

378-79 
Hinckley, Barnabas, 831 
Hinds, William Alfred, 568-69 
Hinman, Ransom, 743 
Historic American Buildings Survey, 

Washington, D.C., 570 
Historic preservation, 587 
Historic Society of Lancashire and 

Cheshire, England, 571 
Historical collections of the state of Neiv 

York . . . , 514 
Historical New Hampshire, 530-31 
History of a little girl given by Mother 

Lucy, 777 
History of all Christian sects and 

denominations, their origin, peculiar 

tenets, and present conditions . . . , 

549 
A history of all religions: containing a 

statement of the origin, development , 

doctrines, and government of the reli- 
gious denominations in the United 

States and Europe . . . , 687 
A history of all religions as divided into 

paganism, Mahometanism, Judaism 

and Christianity . . . , 517 
History of American socialisms, 624 



Index 



333 



History of the Shakers, education and 
recreation: a brief history, 138 

Hodges, A. G., Frankfort, Ky., 458 

Hodgson, Stuart, 572 

Hoffman & White, Albany, N.Y., 
104, 120, 248, 392 

Hogeboom, H., 1105 

Hollenbeck, Jacob R., 622 

Hoilister, Alonzo Giles, 176, 216, 
254-55, 268-93, 302, 336, 440, 603, 
605-6, 778, 832, 897-99, 974, 1202 

Holloway, Junius B., 1202 

Holloway, Laura C. See Langford, 
Laura Holloway 

Holmes, James, New Gloucester, 
Maine, 418 

Holy Mount, 52, 245, 829, 852, 1070 

The holy orders of the church, 792 

A holy, sacred and divine roll book: from 
the Lord Cod of heaven to the inhabit- 
ants of earth; revealed in the United 
Society at Nezv Lebanon . . . , 416, 
1133 

Home, sweet home! the home of our par- 
ents, 83 

Honey: soul of flowers, to sweeten the 
soul of man; Shakers, North family, 
348 

Hopping, D. M. C., 573 

Horticulture. See Gardening 

Horton, Doreta, 406 

Hosford, E. & E., Albany, N.Y., 106, 
324, 365, 414, 463, 1136 

Hotel Sweeney, New York, N.Y., 
1146 

Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 
Mass., 394 

House and Garden, 563, 592, 646, 660, 
667-68, 673, 697 

The house beautiful, 548 

How I came to be a Shaker, 457 

How the Shakers cook and the noted 
cooks of the country, 17 

Howard, John, 190' 

Howe, Henry, 514 

Howe, Julia Ward, 281 

Howells, William Dean, 574-75 



Hudson Daily Register, Hudson, N.Y., 
192, 211 

Hulett, Elvira Curtis, 779^0, 1014 

Humanitarian, 427 

Humphrey, Doris, 613 

Hunt, L. E., Hartford, Conn., 822 

Hussey & Robinson, Nantucket, 
Mass., 383 

Hutton, Daniel Mac-Hir, 576 

Hutton, James C, 1023 

Hymn book no. 2nd., 897 

Hymns & anthems, 878 

Hi/mns and anthems for the hour of wor- 
'ship, 58 

Hymns and hymnbooks, 25, 32, 58, 
66, 99-100, 190, 330, 343, 350, 360, 
367, 369, 385, 396, 400, 402-6, 438, 
467-68, 483, 504, 537, 551, 580, 
631-32, 657, 707, 804, 846, 873-985, 
pp. 304-5 

Hymns and songs for the Boston meeting 
'to be held Dec. 27th, 28th, & 29th, 
1869, 921 

/ shall soon be ten years old: translated 

from the French, 577 
Illustrated catalogue and price list of 

Shakers' chairs: manufactured In/ the 

Society of Shakers, 431-32 
Imbert, Anthony, pp. 306-7 
Immortalized: Elder Frederic W. Evans, 

443 
Importance of keeping correct book 

accounts, 1150 
Important rules: necessary for every one 

to observe, 276 
Improper expressions . . . corrected, 

870 
Improved Shaker washing machine: 

designed particularly for hospitals, 

hotels, laundries, &c. . . . , 84-85 
In memoriam: Elder Henry C. Blinn, 

1824-1905, 61 
In memoriam: Eldress D. A. Durgin, 

1825-1898, Eldress /. /. Kamie, 1826- 

1898, 121 
In memoriam: Mary Hazard, 265 



334 



Index 



In memoriam: Sister Aurelia G. Mace, 
1835-1910, 311 

In memory . . . Edward Deming 
Andrews, '16, 485 

In memory of Elder Amos Stewart, 
1056 

In Senate, Feb. 19, 1816: the memorial 
of the Society of people of New- 
Lebanon, in the county of Columbia, 
and Watervliet , in the county of 
Albany, commonly called Shakers, 
1172 ' 

"In the day thou eatest," 277 

The independent vegetarian advocate, 2, 
145 

Index of American Design, Washing- 
ton, D.C., 578, 686, 697, 706 

Index of American Design exhibi- 
tion . . . , 706 

Index of hymns in our little publication 
firstly entitled "The Shaker, " secondly 
"Shaker and Shakeress, " at this pres- 
ent time "Shaker Manifesto" . . . , 
922 

Indian songs: given during the present 
manifestation of the native spirits 
gathered to the Shaker order in spirit 
life, 959 

Industries of early Shakers, 864 

Informatioti for inquirers: in reference to 
the "United Society of Believers," 294 

Ingersoll, Robert G., 181, 240 

Initials and pseudonyms, 425 

The inner life reveald of fesus annointed 
and of Ann the word, 302 

Inspiration and authority in the develop- 
ment of the Shaker spiritual, 631 

Inspirational drawings. See Drawings 

Inspirational songs, 927-28 

Insurance, 339 

"Intemperance," 29 

Interesting correspondence, 166 

Interior design, 495, 663 

Interior of the Meeting House [New 
Lebanon, N.Y.], p. 306 

International Centennial Exhibition, 
1876, Philadelphia, Pa., p. 304 



International Council of Women, 9, 

1202 
An interpretation of Sliaker furniture, 

486 
Interpreting prophecy, 278 
Interpreting prophecy and the appearing 

of Christ, 279-80" 
Inventions, 708. See also Patents 
Inventories. See specific communities 
Investigator: or, a defence of the order, 

government & economy of the United 

Society called Shakers . . . , 321-22 
"Is celibacy contrary to natural and 

revealed law?" 340 
Isaac N. Youngs: on entering the dairy 

and observing the making of cheese 

now on the racks, 661 
It is Christ who dwells in me, 607 

Jackson, Edwin, 579 
Jackson, George Pullen, 580 
Jacobs, Clarissa, 923, 1131 
Jacobs, Lucy, 924 
Jamieson, Amy W., 1209 
Jenkins, Edward C, New York, 

N.Y., 117 
Jenkins, Edward O., New York, 

N.Y., 250, 252, 326 
Jennings, Horace, 1106 
Jewet, Aaron, 1193 
Johnson, Andrew, 1202 
Johnson, Clifton, 581 
Johnson, Elizabeth, 744-45 
Johnson, Eunice, 745 
Johnson, Moses, 501 
Johnson, Samuel, 744-45 
Jonas, Gerald, 582 
Jones, E. B., 746 
Jones, Emauel, 746 
Jones, George, 746 
Jones, Samuel, 835 
Jones Library, Amherst, Mass., 583 
Jordan, George E., 584 
Jordan, Gladys C, 584 
journal, commenced January 1st, 1875: 

Canaan Upper family, 843 
Journal for 1891, 853 



Index 



335 



A journal kqjt by the deaconesses of the 
Church famili/ at Watervliet: com- 
mencing Sept. 1, 1866, 854 

A journal kept by the ministry commenc- 
ing Feb. 18th/62, 811 

journal of American folklore, 647 

A journal of domestic events, 834 

The journal of religion, 543, 552 

A journal of the various literary attempts 
of the Church family beginning 
June 21, 1880, 845 

journal of William's travel to the state of 
Ohio, 818 

The journey of life, 94 

A journey to the Indians, Miami near 
Lebaiion, Ohio, 3d month, 1807, 860 

Joy, Arthur F., 585-86 

jubilee, 609 

Judge, William Q., 1198 

Junior bazaar, 670 

Just published: Every-day biography, 
containing a collection of nearly 1,400 
brief biographies . . . , 554 

A juvenile guide, or manual of good 
manners: consisting of counsels, 
instructions & rules of deportment for 
the young, by lovers of youth; in two 
parts, 295 

A juvenile monitor: containing instruc- 
tions for youth and children, pointing 
out ill manners, and showing them 
how to behave in the various condi- 
tions of childhood and youth, 296 

Kaime, Joanna J., 121 

Kay, Jane Holtz, 587 

Keefover, James R., 297 

Kelly, J. W., New York, N.Y., 105 

Kendal, Nathan, 1185 

Kendrick, Samuel, 1176 

Kennebec journal, Kennebec, Maine, 
418 

Kentucky, General Assembly, 458 

The Kenluchy revival: or, a short history 
of the late extraordinary out-pouring of 
the spirit of God, in the western states 
of America . . . , 323-26, 413-14 



The Kentucky revival and its influence 

on the Miami Valley, 601 
The Kentucky Shakers, 487 
Kerchiefs, p. 305 
Kerr, Mark and Charles, Edinburgh, 

Scotland, 49 
Keyes, Homer Eaton, 588-89, p. 310 
The keys of the creeds, 606 
Kilborn, Hannah, 1023 
Kilvin, James, Columbus, Ga., 

141 
Kimball, H. A., Concord, N.H., 

p. 298 
King, Emma Belle, 298, 669 
The king's daughter, 445 
Kingsley, Elias, 1107 
The knickerbocker , 691 
Knight, Jane D., 299 
Knolwell, Henry R., 1099 
Knowlton, McLeary & Co., Farming- 
ton, Maine, 310 
Kohrman, John A., 590 
Koreshan Unity, 205, 232, 279-80. 

See also Guiding Star Printing 

House 

Labels, pp. 301-3 

"Labor," 452 

The labor question: the millionaire and 

the republic, 237 
Ladd, William, 437 
Ladies' Club of Boston, Boston, 

Mass., 187 
Ladies' home journal, 544, 642 
Lafume, J., 268 
Lamport, Blakeman & Law, New 

York, N.Y., 822 
Lamson, David Rich, 300 
"Land limitation: Elder Evans of the 

Shakers discusses an economical 

problem," 198 
Lane, John H., 225 
Langford, Edward L., 1202 
Langford, Laura Holloway, 591, 606, 

778, 1198, 1202 
Lanman, D. J., & Co., 1201 
Larkin, Eva Violet, 925-28 



336 



Index 



Lassiter, William L., 592 

Last of the Shakers, 587 

Laundry. See Washing machines and 

laundry 
Laurents, Gene, 671 
The law of life . . . , 255 
Lawrence, Garrett, 60, 295-96 
Lawsuits. See Legal matters 
Laws of Zion respecting the use of strong 

drink, 793-94 
Lear, David, 1108 
Lebanon leaves. Faith series, no. 2, 7 
Lebanon leaves. Stir up series, no. 3, 

415 
The Lebanon Press, New Lebanon, 

N.Y., 7 
Lebanon School, New Lebanon, 

N.Y., 593-95, 615. See also Darrow 

School 
"The Lebanon Shakers," 1199 
The Lebanon Shakers, 1780-1929: an 

unfamiliar chapter in American histon/ 

and a possible future development, 594 
Lecture delivered in Taylor's Hall, 

Amenia, N.Y., 167 
Ledger no. 1, 1132 
Lee, Ann, 38, 53-54, 59, 62-64, 125- 

26, 225, 245, 288, 302, 417, 571, 

585, 676, 776, 781, 786-87, 796, 

805, 809, 835, 962, 968, 1007, 1075, 

pp. xvii-xxi, 309, 313 
Lee, Charles O., 1203 
Lee, William, 59, 417, 676, 1075 
Legal decisions of common law of the 

United States, 115 
Legal matters, 96-97, 115, 319, 321- 

22, 327-28, 337, 426, 458, 470, 536, 

590, 615-18, 622, 1003, 1039, 1044, 

1047, p. 309; and relations with 

"the world," 1182-97 
Lenox Library Association, Lenox, 

Mass., 596-97 
Leonard, William, 291, 301-3 

LeRoux, , 920 

Letter concerning the Irish question, 

238 
"Letter from Elder Evans: a look 



behind the curtains of Shakerism," 

375 
A letter touching important principles, 

239 
Lewis, Polly C, 101, 445 
Lewis, Sarah Ann, 1080 
Lewis & Conger, New York, N.Y., 

432 
Liberalism, spiritualism and Shakerism: 

an address, 168 
Liberty of conscience, 169 
Library of Congress, Washington, 

D.C., 570 
License to work a still for distilling spir- 
its from domestic materials, 1140 
Life, 607, 654, 659, 678 
Life among the Shakers, 88-89 
The life and gospel experience of Mother 

Ann Lee, 62-64 
The life and sufferings of Jesus 

annointed, our holy savior, and of our 

blessed Mother Ann . . . , 302 
"The life in common," 98 
The life of Christ is the end of the ivorld, 

304-5 
Lincoln, Abraham, 1165-66, 1176 
Lincoln Hall, Philadelphia, Pa., 182 
List of works in the New York Public 

Library relating to Shakers, 614 
Lithographs, pp. 306-7 
A little book from the prophet Elijal 

given out on Mount Sina, Sept. 18th, 

1842, 755 
Living with antiques: a Shaker house in 

Canaan, New York, 488 
Lo here and lo there! or, the grave of the 

heart, 691 
Loengard, John, 659 
The Logan leader, 702 
Lomas, George Albert, 304-7, 401, 

624, 929 
Lomis, G. A., 113 
London Weekly Times and Echo, Lon- 
don, England, 206 
Long, Peter H., 354 
"Longevity of virgin celibates," 340 
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 994 



Index 



337 



Look, 665, 671 

Looker, Reynolds, & Co., Cincinnati, 

Ohio, 327 
The Lord's prayer, 31 
Lossing, Benson John, 589, 598, 

p. 306 
Lost Utopias: a brief description of three 

quests for happiness . . . , 625 
Lougee, Nicholas, 721 
"Love," 109 
Love, Alfred, 153, 308 
Love, Laura E., 389 
Love feasts, p. 304 
Love songs, 960 

Lovegrove, Elizabeth, 781, 930 
Lucas, Sarah, 91-93 
Lyon, Benjamin, 834 
Lyon, John, 773 

M., Wealtha, 865 
McArthur, Duncan, 747 
McBride, John, 309 
McCabe, John, 210 
M'Clean, John, Lebanon, Ohio, 

462 
Macdonald, A. J., 624 
Mace, Aurelia Gay, 310-13 
Mace, Fayette, 313 
McFarland & Jenks, Concord, N.H., 

85 
McKechnie, Frederic, 314 
McKinstry, Justus, 622 
MacLean, James Patterson, 360, 599- 

605 
McNemar, Richard, 247-51, 315-30, 

337, 413-14, 464, 536, 604, 931 
The Magazine antiques. See Antiques 
Magazine of art, 476 
Maine bulletin, 546 
Maitland, Edward, 606 
A man of kindness, to his beast is kind, 

331 
"The man wonderful manikin," 555 
Manchester Guardian, Manchester, 

England, 188, 203 
The manifestation of spiritualism among 
the Shakers, IS37-1847, 65 



The manifesto, 155, 237, 332, 344, 395, 

401, 974 
The manifesto: or, a declaration of the 

doctrines and practice of the church of 

Christ, 116-17 
Manner of address, 801 
Manning, Eliza Maria, 866 
Mantle, Henery, 1068 
Manuscripts about the Shakers from 

non-Shaker sources, 1198-1211 
Map of the Believer's burying ground in 

Watervliet, 1075 
Map of the public meeting: Holy Mount, 

lanuary 1st, 1855; Second family, 

1070 
Mariah (ship), p. xviii 
Markham, Jehiel, 1110 
Markham, Stephen, 1038 
Marriage. See Celibacy 
"Marriage," 98 

Marshall, E. F., Rochester, N.Y., 391 
Marshall, Mary. See Dyer, Mary 

Marshall 
Martha Wetherbee's handbook of new 

Shaker baskets, 700 
Martin, David, 607 
Martin, Gideon, 835 
Mary Whitcher's Shaker house-keeper, 

441 
Masonic Female College, Cokesbury, 

S.C, 1204 
Massachusetts, Legislature, 1187 
Mastin, Bettye Lee, 608 
Materia medica and therapeutics of Nor- 
wood's tincture of veratrum viride, 

361-62 
"Maternal spirit," 455, 461 
Mathewson, Angel, 748 
Mathewson, Jeffrey, 748 
Mathewson, Lydia, 748, 784 
Matteawan Machine & Mfg. Co., 

1128 
Meacham, Archibald, 1052 
Meacham, David, 106, 745, 748, 1038 
Meacham, John, 859 
Meacham, Joseph, 333-36, 724-25, 

736, 790-92, pp. xx-xxii 



338 



Index 



Meader, Robert F. W., 669 

Medicines, 71-73, 81, 86, 88-90, 142- 
43, 342, 345-46, 351, 356-59, 361- 
63, 441, 638, 831, 842, 1011, 1015- 
16, 1018, 1022, pp. 302, 303, 309 

The medium and daybreak: a weekly 
journal devoted to the history, phe- 
nomena, philosophy, and teachings of 
spiritualism, 177-78, 200, 420 

Med way, N.Y., 1082 

The Meeting Room, 1938, Hancock 
Shakers, p. 306 

Melle, Michael, 1111 

Melville, Herman, p. xxiv 

Members and officers composing the Sen- 
ate of the state of New-York: with their 
respective districts, classes, and places 
of residence, 1191 

Members and officers of the Assembly of 
the state of New-York, 1839: with 
their places of residence in the city of 
Albany and nearest post-office to their 
permanent residence, 1190 

A memorabilia or miscellaneous collection 
of note worthy facts chirographically 
preserved, 989 

Memorandum of baskets &c. kept by the 
basket makers: also directions for 
weaving, twilling and proceeding 
with the work, recorded from 1855, 
1134 

A memorandum of particular events, 814 

A memorandum of things carried to the 
North-house by Samuel and Elizabeth 
Johnson in the year 1793 for the use of 
the family, 744 

A memorial: remonstrating against a cer- 
tain act of the legislature of Kentucky 
entitled "an act to regulate civil pro- 
ceedings against certain communities 
having property in common" . . . , 
337 

Memorial: to the honorable . . . , 338 

Memorial of Sister Polly C. Lewis, 101 

Memorial services at East Canterbury, 
Mer. Co., N.H., Jan. 9, 1890: m 
memory of Sister Mary Whitcher, 



whose death occurred the 6th inst. at 

6-30 p.m., 442 
A memorial to Eldress Anna White and 

Elder Daniel Offord, 423 
Memorial to the Honorable Edivin M. 

Stanton, Secretary of War of the 

United States, 1179 
Mendon, Dan, 691 
Merton, Thomas, 609, 612, p. 311 
Metcalf, T. O., Boston, Mass., p. 303 
Metzger, Stephen, 610 
Military service. See Conscientious 

objection; Conscription 
Millennial laws: or, gospel statutes and 

ordinances adapted to the day of 

Christ's second ap^pearing . . . , 724- 

25 
Millennial laws: section IV; the order of 

Christmas, 611 
Millennial praises: containing a collection 

of gospel hymns in four parts . . . , 

438 
Millennium seen in dream vision by Julia 

Ward Howe, 281 
Miller, Clariss, 739 
Millerites, 45, p. xxii 
Mining, 1099 
Minstrels guide, 884 
The mirror of truth: a vision, 7 
A miscellaneous collection of spiritual 

songs of various dates and origin: First 

Order, New Lebanon, 961 
Miss Jemty, 1006 
The mission and testimony of the Shakers 

of the twentieth century to the world: 

a lecture delivered at Greenacre, Eliot, 

Maine, July 19, 1904, 312 
Mission of Alethian believers, called 

Shakers, 282 
Mockaby, Juliet, 1047 
Monell, Robert B., 622 
Mormons, 166, 212, p. xxii 
Morning star Bible lessons, part I, 284 
Morrell, Prudence, 836, 1015-16 
Morrison, Arvilla, 877 
Morton, A. B., 1182 
Morton, J. W., 1182 



Index 



339 



Morton, John P., & Co., Louisville, 
Ky., 102 

Mot, Dr., 1046 

The motherhood of God, 412, 446 

Mother's day, Aug. 6, 1774, 1007 

Mott, Michael, 612 

Mott, Richard, 69 

Mount Horeb, p. 304 

Mt. Lebanon, N.Y., community. See 
New Lebanon, N.Y., community 

Mount Lebanon cedar boughs: original 
poems, 447 

Mount Sinai, 755, 763, 828 

Mower, L. L., Concord, N.H., 142 

Munsell, J., Albany, N.Y., 435 

Munson, Stephen, 750, 1039, 1046, 
1053, 1079, 1112, 1137, 1167 

Museum collections, 469, 473, 484, 
512, 520, 532, 567, 619-21, 630, 
635. See also Exhibitions and exhibi- 
tion catalogues 

Museum of American Folk Art, New 
York, N.Y., 503 

Museum of Early American Folk Art, 
New York, N.Y., 520 

Music. See Hymns and hymnbooks 

Music, 405 

The music of the spheres: dedicated to the 
consideration of Robert G. Ingersoll 
and to others like-minded, 240 

The musical quarterly, 504 

Mutual insurance agreement, 339 

"My brother, my sister and mother," 
39 

My old house, 1002 

My precious sister Mary, 448 

Myrick, Elijah, 340 

Myrick, Elisha, 837 

The mystery explained, 14 

Names and ages of those who have been 
gathered into the church: with the 
place of their birth and time of admit- 
tance, departures, deaths, &c., 1078 

Names of males between the ages of 18 
and 45 in the Society at Canterbury, 
N.H., 1162 



Names of the brethren and sisters as they 
were placed in meeting at the time 
they mooved into the Brick House, 
November 20th, 1831, 1063 

Names of the brethren and sisters when 
we moved into the Brick House, 1064 

Nash, , 1141 

Nathan, George Jean, 613 

Nathan, Joseph F., 1031 

National Gallery of Art, Washington, 
D.C., 578, 677, 686 

National school diary for Mt. Lebanon 
School, 869 

The nature and character of the true 
church of Christ proved by plain evi- 
dences: and shoiving whereby it may 
be known and distinguished from all 
others . . . , 118-20' 

Neagoe, Peter, 349, 1113 

Neale, Emma J., 867-68, 1000, 1202, 
p. 310 

Neale, Emma J., & Co., New Leba- 
non, N.Y., 341, p. 302 

Neale, Sadie A., 624, 838, 1202, p. 
310 

New America, 545 

New Baltimore, N.Y., 1082 

Neiv Canaan Historical Society annual, 
698 

The new creation, 36 

The new earth, 170 

The Neiv-Lngland galaxy, 508 

Neiu England homestead, 585 

New England stoves, 579 

New England witchcraft and spiritual- 
ism, 111 

New favorite cooking recipes of the Shak- 
ers and illustrated almanac for '83 & 
'84: the story of an accidental discov- 
ery, 11 

New Hampshire Patriot, 986 

The New Hampshire Shakers, 530 

New Harmony, Ind., 696 

New Lebanon, N.Y., community: 
acceptance of children, 734; 
apprenticeships, 751, 1188; build- 
ings, 1027, 1030-32, 1039, 1072; 



340 



Index 



business conducted at, 1079, 1081, 
1085-87, 1089, 1094, 1103, 1106-7, 
1112-39, 1144-48; cemetery, 1142; 
census of members, 844, 1069-72, 
1074, 1078, 1170; charitable contri- 
butions, 1155-58; children in, 734; 
converts to, 735, 739, 750; diaries 
at, 814-15, 819, 831, 834, 836, 838- 
45, 850, 855, 859, 861; discharges, 
736; education at, 808, 845, 863, 
865-71; hymnbooks from, 874-75, 
878, 880-84, 890, 893-99, 923, 930, 
932-64, 967, 969-70, 972, 978, 983; 
inventories of converts, 737, 744, 
749, 753; leadership, 718, 730; 
meetinghouse, 790, p. 306; men- 
tioned, 4, 27, 34, 52, 55, 166, 194, 
216, 333-34, 336, 339, 342-59, 361, 
363, 367, 369, 373, 391-92, 395, 
399, 408, 416-17, 424, 428, 454, 
474, 514, 589, 591, 594, 615, 617, 
621, 652-53, 655-56, 674, 680, 683, 
688, pp. xix, xxi, xxv, 299, 301, 303, 
310; photographs of, pp. 297, 298; 
poetry and prose from, 997, 1000- 
1001, 1005; publications from, 7-9, 
24-26, 29-30, 35-36, 40, 70-73, 77, 
79, 90, 101, 105, 110-13, 122, 137, 
144, 146^7, 150-59, 161-64, 166, 
168-74, 176, 179-81, 183-84, 187- 
88, 191, 193-94, 196-98, 202-6,209- 
10, 212, 214-15, 218-20, 222-26, 
232-33, 239, 241, 255, 265, 267-77, 
281-93, 296-97, 302, 308, 314 
336, 340-41, 344-45, 347-58, 361- 
63, 366, 368, 370, 374-77, 384, 387- 
88, 390, 399, 407-8, 411, 415, 421, 
423, 432-34, 440, 445, 449, 451-53, 
455, 459, 467-68; real-estate rec- 
ords, 752; recipes from, 1013, 
1015-20; relations with other 
communities, 1036-44, 1046, 
1048-51, 1053-54; spirit messages, 
755-56, 759, 764, 776, 781, 784- 
87, 790-94, 796-98, 802-3; wills at, 
737 
New Lebanon School, New Lebanon, 



N.Y. See Darrow School; Lebanon 
School 

Neiv Lebanon Shaker school, district 
no. 12, department no. 1: attendance 
and recitations of Emma Neal . . . , 
867-68 

New Light Baptists, p. xix 

New Light Presbyterians, p. xxi 

"New moral world" series, no. 3, 513 

A new theory of life and species, 383 

A new years covenant, January 1868: for 
the sisters under 50 years of age, 995 

New York & Berkshire Mining Co., 
1099 

New York City, Public Library, 614 

New York folklore quarterly, 657 

New York history, 479-80, 521, 648 

New York Kansas Relief Committee, 
1160 

The New York Shakers and their indus- 
tries, 489 

New York State, Bureau of Boiler 
Inspection, 1189 

New York State, Commissioner of 
the Revenue, 1140 

New York State, Legislature, 470, 
1192 

New York State, Legislature, Assem- 
bly, 615-16, 1190 

New York State, Legislature, Senate, 
617-18, 1172, 1191, 1196-97 

New York State, State Museum, 
Albany, N.Y., 2, 15, 477, 619-21, 
p. 311 

New York State, Supreme Court, 622 

New York State Historical Associa- 
tion, 648 

The New York State Museum's historical 
survey and collection of the New York 
Shakers, 469 

New York Sun, 179 

New York Times Magazine, 635, 653 

New York Tribune, 161, 214, 226 

The Neiv Yorker, 655 

Newman, Mary Anne, 991 

Newton, Agnes, 360 

Newton, R. Heber, 98 



Index 



341 



Niemcewicz, Julian, p. xxiv 
Night, Deborah Ann, 991 

Nihilism — socialism — Shakerism — 
which? 374 

Niles, Sophia, 767, 799 

Nine Shaker spirituals: with a brief 
account of early Shaker soiii^, 632 

The 1965 convention, 529 

Nisbet, H., & Co., Glasgow, Scot- 
land, 149 

Niskeyuna, N.Y., community. See 
Watervliet, N.Y., community 

"Non-resistance," 291 

Nordhoff, Charles, 623 

North Carolina Folklore, 631 

North family, p. xxv 

North Union, Ohio, community, 533, 
605, 1043, 1173 

The North Union story: a Shaker society, 
1822-J889 . . . , 533 

Norwich, N.Y., 733 

Norwood, Sallie M., 1204 

Norwood, Wesley C, 361-63 

Notable American Women, p. 313 

Notes on the meeting room, first floor of 
the meeting house: Hancock Shakers, 
1034 

Notice, 436 

Notice! for the benefit of the friends who 
call on us, as ivell as for the better 
protection of ourselves it has been 
thought advisable to adopt the follow- 
ing rules for visitors, 364 

Notice to our patrons, 433 

Noyes, John Humphrey, 624 

No. 2: being an additional account of the 
conduct of the Shakers in the case of 
Eunice Chapman and her children, 
with their religious creed, 97 

Numerical system of music writing, 968 

Nutting, Jonas, 1174-75 

Oakes, Nancy, 755 
Obermain, Frederick G., 203 
Obituary: death of a prominent Shaker in 

the community at Watervliet, N.Y., 

172 



Obituary: Rufus Crossman, 173 

Object lesson in the integrity of design, 
653 

O'Brien, Harriet Eileen, 625 

Observations on church government , by 
the presbytery of Springfield . . . , 
323-26, 413^14 

Observations on the natural and consti- 
tutional rights of conscience: in rela- 
tion to military requisitions on the 
people called Shakers, 365 

O'Connor, Thomas, 626 

Office of the Western Star, Lebanon, 
Ohio, 462 

Office Register and Gazette, Hudson, 
N.Y., 192 

Official program of the 250th anniversary 
celebration of the town of Enfield, Con- 
necticut, 627 

Offord, Ann, 27, 964 

Offord, Daniel, 1, 25, 190, 366-69, 
423, 1202 

Offord, Miriam, 392 

Ogden, Sarah, 1196 

Ohio, 818 

Ohio Academy of Medical History, 
638 

Ohio archaeological and historical quar- 
terly, 602-3, 605 

Ohio state archaeological and historical 
quarterly, 638 

Olcott, Henry S., 1198 

Old Shakertown, 628 

Old Shakertown and the Shakers: a brief 
history of the rise of the United Society 
of Believers in Christ's Second Com- 
ing . . . , 576 

Ye olde Shaker bells, 560 

Old-Time New England, 579, 581 

On revelation and united inheritance, 
301 

One hundred fourth annual report of the 
New York State Museum, 621 

WO years of Shaker life: centennial of a 
communism of peace, 370 

The 100th anniversary of the founding of 
a community: almanac for 1888, 16 



342 



Index 



One hundredth anniversary of the orga- 
nization of the Shaker church, 371 

Opdahl, Viola Woodruff, 629 

"An open vision," 109 

Organizational structure and doc- 
trine, 715-30 

Oriental spiritualism from the spirit of 
Mother Ann Lee to ]. M. Peebles, 375 

Origin, rise, progress and decline of the 
Whitewater community of Shakers: 
located in Hamilton County, Ohio, 
602 

Original ideas, 174, 211 

Original Shaker music: inspirational, 369 

Original Shaker music published by the 
North family of Mt. Lebanon, Col. 
Co., N.Y.,'367 

Original Shaker music, volume U, 367 

Ormsby, Mrs. F. P., 1002 

Osborn, B., Newark, N.J., p. 303 

Osborn, David, 1167 

Osborne family, 1072 

"The other side," 376-77 

The other side of the question in three 
parts . . . ,317 

Ott, John Harlow, 630 

Our centennial, the other side {of the 
question]: second centennial, 175 

"Our parentage," 164 

Our thanks, 1000 

Our title deeds, 372 

Oval boxes, 347, 1151, p. 301 

Ovid [pseud.], 1141 

Owen, Robert, 696 

Packard & Van Benthuysen, Albany, 
N.Y., 246, 256, 437, 439 

Palmer, A. F., Cornwall Hollow, 
Conn., 14 

Park, Amelia, 869 

Parker, David, 85-86, 460 

Parker, Ethel, 1205 

Parker, Theodore, 1206 

Parker & Bliss, Troy, N.Y., 78 

Part I: a closing roll from holy and eter- 
nal wisdom, Mother Ann, Father Wil- 
liam, and Father James, to the children 



of Zion: Part U: a sacred covenant of 
our heai'enly parents . . . , 417 

The passing of the Shakers, 581 

Patents, 1095, 1127, p. 309rSee also 
Inventions 

Patten, Joseph, 1138 

Patterson, Daniel W., 631-32, p. 305 

Patterson, David W., 1124 

Pattison, Margaret, 27 

PB84. See Sotheby Parke Bernet, 
PB84 

Peabody, John P., 731 

Peace Conference (1905), 25, 355, 
373, 399, 410, 424, 1202 

The peace resolutions, 373 

The peaceful life of the Shakers, 15, 90 

Peaceful victory, 25 

Pearly gate, part lU, 1E7 

Pearly gate Bible lessons, part /, 285 

Pearly gate Bible lessons, part II, 283, 
286 

Pearly gate of the true life and doctrine 
for believers in Christ, 284-86 

Pearson, Charles C, & Co., Con- 
cord, N.H., 84 

Pearson, Elmer Ray, 633 

Peculiarities of the Shakers: described in 
a series of letters from Lebanon 
Springs in the year 1832, containing 
an account of the origin, worship, and 
doctrines of the Shakers' society, 516 

Peebles, James Martin, 178, 200, 374- 
77, 387-88, 634 

The peg board, 595 

Pelham, Richard W., 37-38, 91-93, 
378-80, 846 

Pennebaker School, Pleasant Hill, 
Ky., 628 

The people called Shakers, 79, 490, 1165 

The people called Shakers: a search for 
the perfect society, 491-92, pp. 304, 
312 

Pepis, Betty, 635 

Pepper, Henry, 965 

Perigrinus [pseud.], 328 

Perkins, Abraham, 291, 371, 381 

Perkins, Martha, 402 



Index 



343 



The persecution of the Shakers, 1210 

Peter Paul Book Co., Buffalo, N.Y., 
447 

Philadelphia, Pa., International Cen- 
tennial Exhibition, 1876. See Inter- 
national Centennial Exhibition, 
1876 

Philanthropos [pseud.], 437 

Phillippi, Joseph Martin, 636 

Philpot, Elias, 1091 

Photographic Views, Shaker Village, 
Canterbury, N.H., p. 298 

Photographs, pp. 297-300, 310 

Photographs of Shaker Village, Mt. 
Lebanon, Columbia County, N.Y., 
p. 298 

"Physical and spiritual light," 164 

Piercy, Caroline Behlen, 637 

Piercy, Harry D., 637-38 

Pillow, William H., 426, 622, 629, 
1188 

Pioneer functionalists, 639 

Pittsfield, Mass., community. See 
Hancock, Mass., community 

Pittsfield Eagle, Pittsfield, Mass., 399 

Plain evidences, by which the nature and 
character of the true church of Christ 
may be known and distinguished from 
all 'others . . . , 118-20 ' 

Plain talks upon practical, Christian reli- 
gion: being answers to ever-recurring 
questions concerning the Shakers, 
prominently among which is the 
answer to "What must an individual 
do to be a Shaker?" . . . , 306 

Plain talks upon practical religion: being 
candid answers to eariwst inquiries, 
307 

A Plan of New Gloucester, state of 
Maine, delineated by Joshua H. Bus- 
sell, Alfred, Me., January 1st, 1850, 
p. 306 

A Plan of Poland, State of Maine, drawn 
by Joshua H. Biissell of Alfred, Me., 
January 1st, 1850, p. 306 

A plan of the Shaker's lot in Washington 
I Mass. I, 743 



Pleasant Hill, Ky., community, 
538, 560, 570, 576, 608, 628, 671, 
1003, 1039, 1044, pp. 297, 310, 
314 

Poetry, 1, 24, 26, 68, 83, 94, 107, 109, 
123, 137, 159, 330-31, 447, 755, 
782, 786, 876, 891, 986, 990-92, 
994, 996-1004, 1006, 1009-10, 1073, 
1149; and prose, 986-1010 

Pomeroy, Marcus Mills, 382, 640 

Pomeroy's adimnce thought, 640 

Pond, Wm. A., & Co.', New York, 
N.Y., 367, 369 

Pool, Jason Blakeley, 383 

Poole, Cyrus O., 384 

Poole, Hester M., 641 

Porter, Robert, 1207 

Portfolio: a magazine for the graphic 
arts, 557 

Portfolio no. 1, 561 

Portfolio number 2, 562 

A portrait of the Millennial Church of 
Shakers, 546 

A portraiture of Shakerism: exhibiting a 
general view of their character and 
conduct, from the first appearance of 
Ann Lee in Neiv-England, down to the 
present time, and certified by many 
respectable authorities, 125, 835 

Postcards, pp. 297, 300 

The practical cook-book: containing reci- 
pes, directions, &c. for plain cookery: 
being the result of twenty years experi- 
ence in that art, 528 

Pratt, Richard, 642 

Precepts of Mother Ann Lee and the 
elders, 54 

Precious crumbs of heavenly food and 
celestial ornaments sent to Mary Haz- 
ard from her ever blessed Mother Ann 
and other good spirits, 776 

Prentis, Oliver, 30, 320 

Present day Shakerism, 449 

The present truth for the honest enquirer 
98 

Prefer, Carl Julius, 643 

Price, George B., 1083 



344 



Index 



Prince, Walter F., 644 

The prodigal's return: as described in 

Luke XV, 645 
Products of intelligence and diligence: 

Shakers Church family . . . , 349, 

1113 
Products of Shaker industry, 648 
Prof. Comstock's experience which turned 

the professor from his cruel ways, 314 
Programme of peices sung by the Mount 

Lebai7on singing class at their regular 

singing meeting on the evening of fan. 

23rd, 1877: at the meeting room of the 

Second Order, 350 
Prophesy unseald by the "word of God 

reveald out of whose mouth goeth a 

sharp sword" . . . brief sketch of Ann 

Lee ... , 288 
A proposal to save the Shaker community 

at Hancock, Massachusetts: its impor- 
tance as part of the American herita<^e, 

662 
Proposed memorial to the late Rev. 

Henry Ward Beecher, 176 
Prose. See Poetry: and prose 
Publisher's weekly, 701 
Pulsford, John, "412 
"Pure vs. adulterated Christianity," 

195 
"Purity," 98 

Quakers. See Friends, Society of 

The queen of the Shakers, 585 

Questions about Shakerism, 297 

The questions of the day, 8 

Quick glimpses of Pleasant Hill: interest- 
ing facts; a walking tour with map to 
accompany the visitor to Shakertown, 
608 

Rand, Avery & Co., Boston, Mass., 

234, 236, 380 
Rand, Geo. C, & Avery, Boston, 

Mass., 824 
Rapp, George, 1051. See also Har- 

monian Society 
Rathbone, Lucy, 966 



Reader's glossary: a concise compendium 
of characteristic Shakerisms, 646 

Real-estate records, 731, 734, 740, 
743, 752. See also specific 
communities 

The reapers, 289 

A receipt book commenced 1826, 1103 

A receipt for making cakes, crackers, 
&c., 1026 

Receipts & counsels exclusively for 
female diseases, 1016 

Recipes and handicraft instructions, 
1011-26 

A record commencing 1860, 827 

A record kept of the several meetings held 
upon Mount Sinai by the family orders 
on days of the feasts, 828 

A record of a visit made by the ministry 
at the City of Peace to Holy Mount, 
June 23rd, 1844, 852 

A record of appointments and changes in 
the ministry at Hancock, 717 

A record of communications from the 
spiritual world for Albert Battles: 
given by divine inspiration, first fam- 
ily, City of Love, 758 

A record of communications from the 
spiritual world to Grove Wright: 
given by divine inspiration, 810 

A record of deaths at New Lebanon, 
Watervliet, and Hancock, 1074 

A record of divinely inspired communica- 
tions and messages, 772 

A record of messages and communica- 
tio7is given by devine inspiration in 
the Second family, City of Peace, 773 

A record of messages and communica- 
tions given by divine inspiration in the 
church at HatKock, commencing in 
1840, 774 

A record of messages and communica- 
tions given by divine inspiration in the 
Second family at Pittsfield, 775 

Record of names, 1067 

A record relating to the Cogar mob and 
Boon suit, 328 

Reed, Amy, 800 



Index 



345 



Reed, Andrew, 878 

Reed, Calvin, 1042 

Reed, Polly J., 244, 865, 1005 

Reichard, Gladys A., 647 

Reid, Calvin C, 816 

Reimer, Bennett, 537 

Reist, Henry C, 648 

Relations among Shaker communi- 
ties, 1035-54 

Religion in wood: a book of Shaker furni- 
ture, 493, p. 312 

"The religion of the future," 113 

Religio-philosophical journal, 182 

Religious communism, 177-78 

"Religious sentiment," 164 

Remains of Joseph A. H. Sampson . . . , 
391-92 

A remarkable old man: Elder Evans at 
the age of 80 still bent on reforming 
the world, 179 

Remarkable prophecy, 418 

Remarks on learning and the use of 
books: March 10th, 1836, 808 

Rembaugh, San Francisco, Calif., 114 

Renwick Gallery, Washington, D.C., 
649, p. 313 

Report cards, 862, 865, 867-69. See 
also Education; Schooling 

Report of the Committee on the Visual 
Arts at Harvard University, 566 

Report of the select committee on the sub- 
ject of the Shakers, 616 

Report of the trustees of the United Soci- 
ety of Shakers in the town of New 
Lebanon, Columbia Co., N.Y., 618 

A repository of music containing elemen- 
tary and advanced lessons: selected 
from the works of able teachers, 385 

Reproductions, 525, 561-62, 635, 663, 
800 

"A request," 107 

Respect and veneration due from youth 
to age, 303 

Resurrection, 26, 180 

A return of departed spirits of the highest 
characters of distinction . . . , 650 

A revieiv of the most important events 



relating to the rise and progress of the 
United Society of Believers in the west: 
with sundry other documents con- 
nected with the history of the Society, 
329 

Review Office Print, Hartford, 
Conn., 316 

Revolutionary war, p. xix 

Rice, Abigail, 1006 

Rice, Mary Ann, 870 

Richmond, David, 386 

Richmond, Mary L., 651 

The rise and progress of the serpent from 
the Garden of Eden to the present day: 
with a disclosure of Shakerism, exhibit- 
ing a general view of their real charac- 
ter and conduct from the first 
appearance of Ann Lee . . . , 126 

Robert G. Ingersoll for 1892, 181 

Roberts, Florence, 1142 

Roberts, John S., 1142, 1148 

Robertson, James, 387-88 

Robinson, Charles Edson, 389 

Robinson, Grace Chess, 652 

Roche, Mary, 653 

Roe, Richard, 727 

The romantic decades, 654 

The rostrum, 182 

Roueche, Berton, 655 

Rubin, Cynthia Elyce, 610 

Rude, Hiram, 967 

Rugs, 1012 

Rules for doing good, 390 

Rumford Press, Concord, N.H., 121, 
381 

Rumford Printing Co., Concord, 
N.H., 61 

Runyon, William, 1044 

Russell, J. G., 109 

Russell, James G., 968 

Russian famine: a Shaker protest against 
closing the World's Fair on Sunday, 
183 

Sabbath, 184 

Sabbathday Lake, Maine, commu- 
nity, 23, 103, 258, 311, 864, 



346 



Index 



pp. 297, 305, 310 
Sabbaths vs. the people: Shaker address 

to the American people, male and 

female, 185 
Sacred hymns, 1866, 888 
A sacred repository of anthems and 

hymns for devotional worship and 

praise, 66 
Safford, William, 1193 
Saint George's Hall, London, Eng- 
land, 178 
Saint John's Abbey and University, 

CoUegeville, Minn., 515 
"St. Patrick's Cathedral," 271 
Sampson, Joseph Adam Hall, 391- 

92 
Sampson, Proctor, 391-92 
Sanborn, Israel, 460, 1053 
Sandys, Edwin, Pittsfield, Mass., 

1020 
Sanitary engineer, 459 
Saratoga, N.Y., 822 
Sawyer, Otis, 115, 313, 1176-77 
Sayville, N.Y., Methodist Episcopal 

Church, Helping Hand Society, 

656 
Schnider, Elias, 418 
Scholastic Magazines, 677 
School money, 1117 
Schooling, 862-72. See also Education; 

Report cards 
Schrader, Arthur P., 657 
Schultz, P. T., Cincinnati, Ohio, 92 
Scientific American, 675 
Scientific demonstratiQn of theology, 

prophecy, and revelation! 46-47 
Scott, John A., 658 
The scriptorium, 626 
Scudder's Museum, New York, 

N.Y., 863 
Sears, Chauncy Edward, 393 
Sears, Clara Endicott, 394, 625 
Seaton, Caty, 1143 
Seaver, H. M., 1033-34, p. 306 
A second book copied from Br. Alonzo G. 

Holister's manuscripts, 832 
"The second Eve," 74 



"Secret book of the elders," 53-54 

Sedgwick Hall, Lenox, Mass., 550, 
596 

Seed industry, 104, 141, 263, 342, 
354, 407, 799, 1039, 1049, 1081, 
1087, 1093-94, 1100, 1109, 1119, 
1128, 1130, 1132, 1144-45, 1151, 
1182, pp. 301-3 

Seeley, Josephus, 1194 

A selection of hymns and poems, 891 

A selection of hymns and poems for the 
use of Believers: collected from sundry 
authors, 330 

A selection of hymns from various 
authors, 924' 

"Self examination," 291 

"Selfish property: a dream by one of 
the sisters on the night of Nov. 9, 
1877," 375 

Self-worship, 412 

Serene twilight of a once-sturdy sect: the 
Shakers, 659 

Seven barks, 352 

The seven mountains of Thomas Merton, 
612 

Seven travails of the Shaker church, 368 

The Shaker, 395, 922 

Shaker: pattern of practical beauty — mod- 
ern then and now, 660 

Shaker almanac, 1884, 12 

Shaker almanac, 1885: the joys and sor- 
rows of a poor old man, 13 

Shaker almanac, 1886: the mystery 
explained, 14 

Shaker almanac, 1891, 18 

The Shaker and Shakeress, 395, 922 

Shaker and vegetarian: autobiographical 
sketch of Robert Aitken, 2 

Shaker anthems and hymns: arranged for 
dii'ine worship, 396 

Shaker architecture, 494 

Shaker architecture in Harvard, 690 

Shaker art and craftsmanship: an exhibi- 
tion at the Berkshire Museum, Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, 518 

"The Shaker Arts in Culture: Forces 
behind the Forms," p. 314 



Index 



347 



Shaker asthma cure, 71 
Shaker bicentennial auction, 699 
Shaker carpet and rug beaters, 352 
Shaker cemetery: town of Colonic, 

Albany County, N.Y., 1076 
"Shaker Christianity," 42 
Shaker church covenant, 397-98 
The Shaker cloak, 341 
The Shaker collection of the late 

George E. Jordan and Mrs. Gladys C. 
Jordan of Epping, N.H.: unreserved 
public auction sale, 584 
Shaker communism: or, tests of divine 
inspiration; the second Christian or 
Gentile Pentecostal Church, as exem- 
plified by seventy communities of 
Shakers in America, 186, 219 
Shaker Community, Inc., Hancock, 

Mass., p. 301 
The Shaker conference, 399 
Shaker country, 680 
Shaker crafts on viezv, 532 
Shaker crafts revived, 663 
"Shaker craftsmanship and art," 714 
Shaker dwelling sale: North family dwell- 
ing . . . , 541 
Shaker essay, 187 
Shaker Evans, 188 

Shaker exhibition . . . furniture, indus- 
trial material and textiles of the Shak- 
ers of Nezv England and New York 
. . . camera studies of the Shaker com- 
munities of Hancock, Mass., and 
Mount Lebanon, N.Y., 519 
The Shaker family almanac, 12-13, 18 
Shaker family almanac — 1891, 18 
A Shaker festival entitled Mother Ann's 
day: told in dialogue and song, 
August 16th, 1916, 962 
Shaker furniture, 480, 495 
"Shaker furniture," 597 
Shaker furniture: a book by Edivard 
Deming Andreics and Faith Andrezos 
on the development of an early Ameri- 
can craft, 664 
Shaker furniture: the craftsmanship of an 
American communal sect, 472, 496- 



97, 535, 542, 647, 701, pp. 310, 312 

Shaker furniture and objects from the 
Faith and Edward Deming Andrews 
collections . . . , 649, p. 313 

Shaker furniture and other Americana: 
the property of a Connecticut collector 
recently removed from the South and 
West family settlements, Neiv Leba- 
non . . . , 688 

Shaker hair restorer: restores gray hair to 
its natural color, beauty and softness, 
and is an excellent toilet dressing, 72- 
73 

Shaker handicrafts . . . , 703 

Shaker herbs and herbalists, 498 

Shaker Historical Society, Shaker 
Heights, Ohio, 533 

Shaker history in the George Arents 
Research Library, 526 

Shaker horticulture, 499 

Shaker house, 642 

Slmker hygiene: the dietetic troubles of the 
first and nineteenth coituries con- 
trasted, 241 

Shaker hymnal, 400 

Shaker income tax: application to Com- 
missioner [Columbus] Delano, 435, 
1195 

Shaker industries, 610 

Shaker influence, 665 

Shaker inspirational drawings, 500, 666, 
685 

Shaker land limitation laws: why Shakers 
are decreasing, 189 

The Shaker legacy, 592 

A Shaker letter, 130 

Shaker life and ideals: address before the 
International Council of Women, 9 

Shaker literature: a bibliography, 651 

Shaker literature: books — old and new; 
North family, Mount Lebanon, 353 

Shaker literature in the rare book room of 
the Buffalo and Erie County Public 
Library: a bibliography, 71 1 

The Shaker look: authentic furniture and 
design give a small house forthright- 
ness, 667 



348 



Index 



Shaker made: loorthy tradition of fine 

craftsmanship, 668 
The Shaker manifesto^ 401^ 922 
Shaker medicines, 638 
Shaker medicines: approved by the regu- 
lar faculty; prepared in the United 
Society of Shakers, by Dr. Jerub Dyer, 
143 ' 
A Shaker meeting, 308 
A Shaker meeting house and its builder, 

501 
A Shaker mission: results of Elder 

Evans's visit to England, 376 
The Shaker mission to England: letter 

from J. M. Peebles, 377 
Shaker Museum Foundation, 

Chatham, N.Y., 298, 532, 669, 800, 
813, p. 314 
Sliaker music, 402-6 
Shaker music: inspirational hymns and 
melodies illustrative of the resurrec- 
tion, life and testimony of the Shakers, 
190 
Shaker music: original inspirational 
hymns and songs illlustrative of the 
resurrection, life and testimony of the 
Shakers, 367, 369 
The Shaker order of Christmas, 502-3 
Shaker pentecost, 191 
Shaker portfolio: a picture record of an 

American community, 712 
Sfwker portfolio: Sliaker draivings and fur- 
niture from the collection of Dr. and 
Mrs. Edward Deming Andrews, 670 
Shaker reconstruction of the American 

government, 192 
"Shaker Religious Arts," p. 312 
Shaker reproductions, 635 
The Shaker revival, 582, 671 
Shaker-Russian correspondence between 
Count Leo Tolstoi and Elder F. W. 
Evans, 193 
Shaker sanitation, 459 
Shaker Savings Association, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, 672 
Shaker Seed Co., New Lebanon, 
N.Y., 407, 1144 



Shaker sermon, 194 

Shaker sermons, scripto-rational: contain- 
ing the substance of Shaker theology, 
together with replies and criticisms, 
logically and clearly set forth, 131-34 

The Shaker shaken: or, God's warning to 
Josiah Talcott as denounced in a letter 
from James Whittaker . . . from an 
original manuscript, 456 

Shaker simplicity: a photographic study, 
713 

Shaker songs, 504 

Shaker storage, 673 

The Shaker story, 243 

The Shaker system and a lecture deliv- 
ered at Randolph, Cattaraugus Co., 
N.Y., December 9, 1877, 195 

Shaker testimony: the gospel of eternal 
(aionion) life, proclaimed in the season 
of judgement, 290 

Shaker textile arts, 558 

Shaker tract, no. 1, 304-5, 428 

Shaker tract, no. 2, 378 

Shaker travail: an essay, 196 

A Shaker trust, 590 

The Shaker vegetable remedy: for sick 
headache, constipation, torpid liver, 
etc., 73 

Shaker view of marriage, 291 

Shaker views and reviews, 197 

Shaker Village, Canterbury , N.H., p. 
298 (stereograph views), p. 306 
(watercolor) 

Shaker Village, N.H., community. 
See Canterbury, N.H., community 

Shaker Village Work Camp, New 
Lebanon, N.Y., 653, 674 

Shaker Village work camp: co-educational 
Berkshire camp for teen-agers, 674 

The Shaker washing machine, 675 

Shakerism, 198, 676 

Shakerism: its meaning and message, 
266, 1165-66 

Shakerism: or, the romance of a religion, 
636 

Shakerism: "the possibility of the race," 
199 



Index 



349 



Shakerism and Buddhism, 634 

Shakerism and Christian Science, 
1202 

Shakerism and the Shakers in Georgia, 
693 

Shakerism in London, 200 

Shakerism, its meafiing and message: 
embracing an historical account, state- 
ment of belief and spiritual experience 
of the church from its rise to the pres- 
ent day, 450 

Shakerism unmasked, or the histon/ of 
the Shakers . . . , 264 

Shakerne og deres mobelkunst, 559 

The Shakers, 389 (Robinson), 563 
(Guthe), 598 (Lossing), 672 (Shaker 
Savings Assoc), 677 (Art and Man), 
p. 305 (film) 

The Shakers: a brief summary, 709 

Shakers: a correspwndence between Mary 
F. C. of Mount Holly City and a 
Shaker sister, Sarah L., of Union Vil- 
lage, 91-93 

Shakers: a short treatise on marriage, 
393 

The Shakers: a strict and Utopian way of 
life has almost vanished, 678 

The Shakers: American celibates and 
craftsmen who "danced" in the glory 
of Cod, 609 

Shakers: compendium of the origin, his- 
tory, principles, rules and regulations, 
government, and doctrines of the 
United Society of Believers in Christ's 
Second Appearing . . . , 201-2 

The Shakers: interesting correspondence, 
203 

The Shakers: religion and funiture, 633 

The Shakers I speech of Robert Wickliffe 
in the Senate of Kentucky — Jan. 
1831 . . . , 458 

The Shakers: who they are and what they 
believe, 204 

Shakers, N.Y., community. See 
Watervliet, N.Y., community 

The Shakers, 1774-1954, 586 

The Shakers, 1774-1960, 505 



Les Shakers Americains: d'un Neo- 
christianisme a un Pre-socialisme, 543, 
552 
"The Shakers and American civiliza- 
tion," 566 
The Shakers and electrotherapy, 506 
Shakers and Koreshans uniting, 205 
The Shakers and psychical research: a 
notable example of cooperation, 644 
Shakers and Shakerism, 513, 641 
The Shakers and their belief, 206 
The Shakers and their homes, 389 
The Shaker's answer to a letter from an 

inquirer, 378-79 
A Shaker's answer to the oft-repeated 
question: "what woidd become of the 
world if all should become Shakers?" 
37-38, 380 
"The Shakers are for peace," 399 
Shakers as farmers: a visit to the North 

family at Mount Lebanon, 408 
The Shakers as pioneers in the American 

herb and drug industry, 1203 
Shakers choice vegetable seeds, 1145 
Shakers' garden seeds raised at Neio 
Lebanon, Columbia County, N.Y., 
354 
A Shaker's ideas, 207-8 
The Shakers in a new ivorld, 507 
The Shakers in New England, 508 
The Shakers in Niskayuna, 679 
A Shaker's look into the future, 209, 223 
The Shakers' manual, 86 
Shakers near Lebanon, state of New- 
York, pp. 306-7 
The Shakers, now only 12, obseri'e their 

200th year, 710 
The Shakers of Mount Lebanon extend to 
you an invitation to attend a peace 
convention in the interest of universal 
peace, 355 
Shakers of Ohio: fugitive papers concern- 
ing the Shakers of Ohio, with unpub- 
lished manuscripts, 603 
"The Shakers of the New Forest," 

571 
Shakers' order sheet for flower and vege- 



350 



Index 



table seeds: D. C. Brainard, agent, 
1087 

Shakers' price list of fluid and solid 
extracts, 356 

Shakers' price list of medicinal prepara- 
tions, 357 

Shakers' price list of medicinal prepara- 
tions . . . : herbs, roots, barks, and 
powders . . . , 358 

Shakers' sabbath: composed of seven 
days, 210 

Shakers shaking the old creation: the 
"first heavens and first earth," 211 

Shakers' tooth-ache pellets: always ready 
and convenient, 409 

A Shaker's viewpoint, 298 

A Shaker's views on the land limitation 
scheme and land monopoly: and Mor- 
mon prosecution, 212 

Shakers work for peace, _4ID 

"Shaker town," 538 

Shanor, Richard, 680 

Sharp, Eliza, 836 

Shaw, Alex L., New York, N.Y., 
681 

Shaw, Levi, 411 

Shaw Stocking Co., Lowell, Mass., 
682 

Shawknit stockings, 682 

"Sheeler and the Shakers," p. 313 

Shepherd, James, 736 

Shepherd, Walter, 173 

Sherer, Mary Jane, 905, 1023 

Shirley, Mass., community, 234, 574, 
728, 761, 811, 849, 1027, 1031, 
1066, 1174, pp. XX, 297, 298 

Shirley Shakers, p. 298 

Shoes, 1084 

A short abridgement of the rules of 
music: with lessons for exercise and a 
few observations for new beginners, 
467-68 

A short and interesting account of a 
beautiful temple and glorified spirits in 
heaven: seen in a vision, 765 

A short but comprehensive definition of 
Shakerism, 261 



A short treatise on the second appearing 
of Christ: in and through the order of 
the female, 213 

The sign of the heavens: the relation of 
President Garfield's death to the fulfill- 
ment of prophecy, 214 

Silliman, Benjamin, 440, 516 

Silver Burdett music: teacher's edition I 
2 /, 537 

Simple gifts, 523 

Simple gifts: a bibliography on the Amer- 
ican Shakers . . . , 1207 

"Sin of wastefulness," 59 

Sister Corinne, 75 

A sketch of the early history of Pittsfield, 
812 

Sketch of the life ayid experience of Issa- 
char Bates (sen.), 813 

A sketch of the life and labors of Richard 
McNemar, 604 

A sketch of the life and religious experi- 
ence of Richard W. Pelham, 846 

Sketches of "Shakers and Shakerism": 
synopsis of theology of United Society 
of Believers in Christ's Second Appear- 
ing, 37-38 

Skinner, Charles Montgomery, 683 

Slater, Samuel, 1112 

Slavery, 1048 

Sleeper, Nathaniel, 730 

Slenker, Elmina D., 130 

Slingland, Elizabeth, 1178 

Slingland, Walter, 1178 

Slocum's pocket diary, 822 

Slosson, David, 969 

A small family of seven, 655 

Smith, Alice', p. 299 

Smith, Harriet, 1209 

Smith, James, Jr., 733 

Smith, Jane Emily, 404, 871 

Smith, Joseph Edward Adams 
[pseud. Godfrey Greylock], 684, 
p. xxii 

Smith, Mary, 780 

Smith, Sarah E., 970 

Smith, Thomas S., 1146 

Smith, Walter C, 412 



Index 



351 



Smith & Palmer, Lexington, Ky., 321 
Smith College, Northampton, Mass., 

pp. 310, 314 
Smith College Museum of Art, 
Northampton, Mass., 685-86 
Smithsonian, 710 
Smoking, 793 
Smucker, Samuel M., 687 
Sneeden, Jemina, 1024 
Soap, 85, 675 

Social gathering dialogue between six sis- 
ters of the North family of Sliakers, 
Mt. Lebanon, Columbia County, 
N.Y., 27 
"Social gathering of the junior order 
of Believers of Mount Lebanon, in 
the pine grove, Canaan, Columbia 
County, N.Y.," 395 
Social life and vegetarianism, 28 
Society of Friends. See Friends, Soci- 
ety of 
The Society of Shakers: rise, progress and 
extinction of the Society at Cleveland, 
Ohio, 605 
Society of Spiritualists, 182 
Sodus Bay, N.Y., community, 1046 
"The solution of the labor problem," 

198 
Some examples of the manner of address 
to be used by Believers in their saluta- 
tion to each other, 801 
Some lines in verse about Shakers: not 
published by authority of the society so 
called, 68 ' 
Song and story, 76 
"A song of rejoicing," 804 
Songs of various kinds & proper scratch 

book, 963 
Sotheby Parke Bernet, PB84, New 

York, N.Y., 688 
Soule, Melissa, 27 
South family events, 820 
South Union, Ky., community, 128 
132-34, 136, 626, 702, 971, 1039, 
1047, pp. 297, 314 
Southwest ly Vieio of Shaker Village, 
Alfred, 1849, p. 306 



Southwick, Jonathan, 1062, 1183 

Souvenir of Enfield, New Hampshire, 
689 

Spalding & Storrs, Hartford, Conn., 
940 

Speaking Shakerism: young men in 
Switzerland propose to form a commu- 
nity, 215 

A special call and invitation, 262 

Spencer, OUive, 797 

Spining, David, 247-51 

Spires, Richard, 1031 

The spirit life, 122 

Spirit messages. See Spiritualism and 
spirit messages and specific 
communities 

"The Spirit of Shaker Gardening," 
p. 315 

Spirits the Shakers saw: Wm. Eddy's 
works at Mt. Lebanon — marvelous 
materializations — a son and daughter 
of Belshazzar appear — the man who 
wrote upon the wall, 216 

A spiritual journal commenced June 1st, 
1841, 764 

Spiritual life, 39 

Spiritual materialization: Elder Evans, of 
the Shaker community, sets forth the 
significance of the manna that fed the 
Israelites, 217 

The spiritual teacher: why the Shakers 
are entitled to a candid hearing, 419- 
20 

Spiritualism among the Shakers, 65 

Spiritualism and spirit messages, 52, 
55, 65, 122, 168, 170-71, 177-78, 
182, 216, 244-45, 255, 268, 302, 
375-76, 384, 644, 755-65, 768-69, 
772-77, 779-81, 784-87, 790-84, 
796-800, 802-7, 810, 1022, 1073, 
1198-99, pp. xxi-xxii 
Spiritualism as organized by the Shakers, 

384 
Spirituality as expressed in song: com- 
munism and its renunciation of all 
that is worldly including the universal 
system of musical notation — weird 



352 



Index 



hymns and dances in use in the old 

Shaker village in Connecticut, 707 
Springfield, Ohio, Presbytery, 413-14 
Springfield Public Library, 1209 
Standerin, Abraham, p. xvii 
Standerin, Ann Lees. See Lee, Ann 
Standish, Elizabeth, 50 
Stanhope Press, Boston, Mass., 400 
Stanton, Edwin M., 1166, 1176, 1179 
State Street Bank, Boston, Mass., 690 
Stecher Lith. Co., Rochester, N.Y., 

1145 
Stephens, Alice Barber, 705 
Stephens, Annie Rosetta, 452, p. 310 
Stephenson, John S., 1210 
Stereographic views, p. 297 
Stetson, Charlotte Perkins, 415 
Steward, Rheuama, 747 
Stewart, Amos, 1055-56 
Stewart, Bessie, 60 
Stewart, Philemon, 416-17, 802-3, 

850, 1133 
Stickney, Prudence, p. 310 
Stockin (Stocking), Thomas, 1183 
Stockings, 682 
Stoddard, L. L., 159 
Stoffel, Margaretha, 418 
Stone, Henry M., 691 
Stone, Horatio, 691 
Stone, Julia A., 691 
Storer, Wealthy, 851-52 
The story of a piano, 591 
The story of Shakerism, 228-29 
"The story of the Shakers," 10 
The story of the Shakers and some of 

their favorite cooking recipes: calendar 

for 1882, 10 
Stoves, 579, 1200 
Strobridge, Emma, 66 
Strong, A. L., Suffield, Conn., 11, 15 
Stroud, Thomas, 419-20 
The styles and comparative sizes of the 

Shakers' chairs, 434 
A suggestion, 218 
A summary view of the Millennial 

Church, or United Society of Believers 

(commonly called Shakers), 256-57, 1090 



Sun Printing Co., Pittsfield, Mass., 
221 

Sunday service: Shaker Village, Mercer 
County, N.H., July 31-Oct. 16, 
1881, 87 

Supplementary rules of the Shaker com- 
munity, 33, 421 

A survey of the farm of John P. Peabody, 
731 

Susanna and Sue, 705 

Synopsis of doctrine taught by Believers 
in Christ's Second Appearing, 292-93 

Syracuse Post-Standard, Syracuse, 
"N.Y., 399 . 

Syracuse University, George Arents 
Research Library. See George 
Arents Research Library 

T., Rhoda, 1006 

Table monitor: I stood amid a bounteous 
banquet hall, 422 

Table monitor: gather up the fragments 
that remain, that nothing be lost — 
Christ, 79 

Taghconic: or, letters arid legends about 
our summer home, 684 

The tailor's division system: founded 
upon and combined with actual meas- 
urement; containing thirty diagrams 
and designs, reduced to mathematical 
principles, 135 

Talcott, Josiah, 53, 438, 456, 729 

Talcott family, 1072 

Tallmadge, Mr., 617 

Tanner, Henry, 1137 

Tanning, 1137 

Taxation, 435, 1184, 1195 

Taylor, Eliza Ann, 451 

Taylor, Leila Sarah, 231, 266, 423, 
450, 1007, 1165-66 

Taylor, Polly Ann, 972 

Taylor, William, & Co., New York, 
N.Y., 68 

Taylor's Hall, Amenia, N.Y., 167 

Teacher's testimonial, 865 

"A test case at Lebanon," 158 

Testimonies concerning the character and 



Index 



353 



ministry of Mother Ann Lee and the 
first witnesses of the gospel of Christ's 
seco7td appearing ■ ■ ■ , 439 

Testimonies of the life, character, revela- 
tions and doctrines of our ever blessed 
Mother Ayin Lee, and the elders with 
her, 53-54 

The testimony of Christ's second apypear- 
ing . . . , \bl-bb, 1136 

Testimony of Jesus concerning marriage: 
"marriage, — Jesus and the Shakers," 
260 

Tests of divine inspiration: or, the rudi- 
mental principles by which true and 
false revelation, in all eras of the 
ivorld, can be unerringly discrimi- 
nated, 186, 219 

Textiles, 558, 697, p. 305 

That beautiful city: "glorious things are 
spoken of thee, O city of God"; Psalm 
LXXXVll. 3, 360 

The theatre, 613 

Theosophical Society, 1198, 1202 

This too helps, 424 

Thomas, James Cheston, 1211 

Thomas Broivn and his pretended history 
of the Shakers: correspondence between 
Seth Youngs Wells . . . and Prof. 
Benjamin Silliman of Yale College, 
440 

Thome, Mrs. James Ward, 512 

Thoughts concerning deity, 112 

Three villages, 574 

Tilden, , 1194 

Tillinghast, Joseph, 425, 742 

Tillinghast, Joseph S., New Bedford, 
Mass., 303 

Tinw: the weekly neiosmagazine , 639 

To our well beloved mother in Israel, 
Eldress Eliza Ann Taylor: whose spirit 
passed "within the iml" November 28, 
1897, in the 87th year of her age, 451 

To Sister Sarah Collins on her SOth 
birthday, 137 

To the finder: remember me^ Clws. B., 992 

To the Pittsfield Sun: New Zealand let- 
ter, 40 



To the Senate of the state of New-York, 
1196 

"To the Sphinx," 159 

To the trustees of the United Society of 
Shakers of Neiv Lebanon, N.Y., 267 

Tobacco. See Smoking 

Tolstoi, Leo, 193, 766 

Topsfield, Mass., 731 

Total amount of pension money ivhich 
might have been received from govern- 
ment by members ivho served in the 
war of the Revolutio)i and subse- 
quently joined the Society of Shakers 
in Alfred and Neiv Gloucester, state of 
Maine, 1177 

Trace, Timothy, Peekskill, N.Y., 692 

Trade catalogues. See Catalogues: 
commercial 

Transactions of the Historic Society of 
Lancashire and Cheshire . . . , 571 

Transactions of the Ohio mob: called in 
the pidilic papers, "an expedition 
against the Shakers," 466, 818 

Travel, 680 

Travel accounts, 818, 822, 829, 831, 
833, 836, 852, 859-60, 1050 

Traveling exhibitions & color slides, 578 

Traver, Mortimer, 973 

Treatise on Shaker theology, 220 

Trial of the Shakers for an attempt to 
restrain the wife and three children of 
William H. Pillow . . . , 426 

True source of happiness, 452 

"The truth is marching on," 281 

Turner, Gideon, 753 

Turner, Margaret, 1060 

Turney, J. H., New York, N.Y., 51 

Twenty-fifth report of the director of the 
Division of Science and the State 
Museum, 619 

Twenty-sixth report of the director of the 
Division of Science and the State 
Museum, 620 

"The two fires," 30 

Two orders, Shakerism and republican- 
ism: the American church and Ameri- 
can civil goivrnment , coequal and 



354 



Index 



separate, the new heavens and new 
earth, 221 

Two years' experience among the Shak- 
ers: being a description of the manners 
and customs of that people, the nature 
and policy of their government , their 
marvelous intercourse with the spirit- 
ual world, the object and uses of 
confession, 300 

Tyner, Paul, 427 

Types of Christ and manner of his second 
coming, 136 

Tyringham: old and new, 658 

Tyringham, Mass., community, 339, 
658, 758, 810, 851, 1023, 1030, 
1065, 1159, pp. 297, 304 

Under the sheet: a recital of facts, 77 
The undiscovered country, 575 
Union Office, Harrodsburg, Ky., 

337 
Union Village, Ohio, community, 

mentioned, 91-93, 931, 935, 943, 

1047-48, 1161, p. 314; photographs 

of, p. 297; publications from, 91, 

127, 135, 244, 261-62, 315, 318, 

329, 464 
United inheritance, 109 
United Pub. Co., Glasgow, Scotland, 

149 
United States Library of Congress. 

See Library of Congress 
United States National Gallery of 

Art. See National Gallery of Art 
Universal Peace Meeting, Mystic, 

Conn., 454 
Universal Peace Union, 153, 308 
The universal republic: a Shaker pronun- 

ciainento, 222 
University of Maine, Studies, 2d series, 

no. 19^ 546 
"Unpardonable sin," 36 
"Unselfish interest," 30 
U.S. camera magazine, 712 

Vail, James Palmer, 974 
Valentine, Robert, 45, 1146 



Van Benthuysen, Charles, & Sons, 
Albany, N.Y., 147, 202, 257, 305, 
342, 378, 428, 465, 1128 

Vance, John B., 1176 

Vanderbilt's candy church: the kings of 
the kitchen, 359 

Van Horn, Geo. W., Johnsonburg, 
N.J., 18 

Van Houten, Phebe, 975 

Vanity fair: the kaleidoscopic review of 
modern life, 613 

Vanstory, Burnette, 693 

Van Valen, Martha, 51 

Van Vleet, Abram, 327 

Vaughan, Malcolm, 694 

Vegetarianism, 2, 28, 144-45, 215, 
453, 783. See also Eating and drink- 
ing customs 

Vegetarianism among Shakers: repub- 
lished from "the Counsellor," 453 

Veratrum viride, 363 

Verse book no. 2nd: spiritual gifts for 
spiritual edification, commenced some- 
time in 1846, 976 

Vice, 29 

Views of the North Family Shakers, 
p. 298 ' 

Viezvs of Shaker Village, Enfield, Conn., 
p. 298 

Vikalen (angel), 803 

Vincent, Henry, 10, 428, 1199 

Virginia Gazette, p. xviii 

A visionary dream, 760 > 

"Visions," 109 

Visions of the heavenly sphere: a study 
in Shaker religious art, 509, pp. 301, 
312 

Visions, spirit communications, religious 
experience, narrative pieces, poems, 
and sketches from different authors, 
757 

Visit to the Shakers, 382 

A visit to the Shakers of East Canter- 
bury, N.H., 95 

Vital statistics, 1055-78 

Vogue, 652 

Voices from Mount Lebanon, 454 



Index 



355 



Volk, A., Pittsfield, Mass., 695 
Volk's "fruit canner," 695 

Wagan, R. M., & Co., New Leba- 
non, N.Y., 429-34, 1089, 1123, 
1142, 1147-48 

Wagan, Robert M., pp. 303-4 

YJ ail of a striker, 150 

Walker, David S., 537 

Wall, Miriam, 138 

War positively unchristian, 113 

Ward, Artemus [pseud.], 527 

Ward, Durbin, 435, 1195 

Warder, William S., 696 

Wardley, James, 787, pp. xvii-xviii 

Wardley, Jane, pp. xvii-xviii 

Wardweil, Benjamin F., 978 

Warner, John, 1035 

Washing machines and laundry, 84- 
85, 675, 1013, p. 302 

Washington, Mass., 743 

Watercolors, p. 306 

Watervliet, N.Y., community, build- 
ings, 1030; business conducted at, 
1149; census of members, 1074-76, 
1170, 1180; charitable contribu- 
tions, 1158; children in, 1196; dia- 
ries at, 853-54, 858; education at, 
872; failure of, 820; hymnbooks 
from, 873, 876, 925-29, 979-82; 
mentioned, 172, 230, 436, 514, 621, 
679, 1031, 1059, pp. xix, 299, 302; 
photographs of, p. 297; poetry and 
prose from, 1008; publications 
from, 131, 199, 306, 395, 436; rela- 
tions with other communities, 
1039, 1049; spirit messages, 803-7 

Watervliet, Ohio, community, 247, 
319-20, 330, 1050 

Watland, Gerald R., 573 

"We live in a Shaker village, " 652 

Weaving, 1012, 1014, p!" 300 

Webster, Ruth, 74 

Weed, Parsons & Co., Albany, N.Y., 
4, 27, 37-38, 54, 131, 190, 195, 240, 
299, 343, 346, 444 

Weeks & Potter, Boston, Mass., 441 



Welln\an, Rita, 697 

Wells, Seth Youngs, 43, 53-54, 120, 

246-53, 256-57, 365, 437-40, 808, 

872, 1051, 1090, 1150 
Wentworth, Lois, 371 
Wertkin, Gerard C, 698 
Wesley, John, 390, p. xvii 
West Publishing Co.'s docket, 590 
West Union, Ind., 1048, 1051 
Western Reserve Historical Society, 

Cleveland, Ohio, 425, 699 
Wetherbee, Martha, 700 
Wetherell, Martha, 1142 
What is in a name? 150 
What shall I do to be a Shaker? 67 
What the future will be: a Shaker's long 

look ahead, 209, 223 
Wheaton, Deborah, 855 
Wheeler, Elsie, 385 
Wheeler, Lewis, 1194 
Wheeler, Monroe, 701 
Wheeler, Olive, 1026 
Whitaker, Thomas, 702 
Whitcher, Mary, 109, 441-42 
White, A. J., New York, N.Y., 10-18, 

88-89, 359, p. 303 
White, Anna, 34, 164, 231, 266, 271, 

423, 443-55, 461, 1009, 1165-66, 

1202, pp. 298, 313 
White, Jefferson, Thompsonville, 

Conn., 141, 142, 1151 
White, Robert, Jr., 1009 
White, Vassal, 1141 
White cross celibacy, 224 
White Oak, Ga., community, 693, 

p. 297 
Whitefield, George, p. xvii 
Whitehead, Cyrus J., 1168 
Whitewater, Ohio, community, 602, 

1052, p. 314 
Whitlaw, Charles, 1197 
Whitman, Walt, 598 
Whitney, John, 1175 
Whitney, William Y., 1072 
Whitney Museum of American Art, 

New York, N.Y., 588, 703, p. 310 
Whitson, Robley Edward, 704 



356 



Index 



Whittaker, James, 59, 333-36, 417, 

729, 773, 802, 806, 809 
Who are the Shakers? 510 
Who is Ann Lee?: what evidence is there 

that she is the second messiah, 225 
The whore of Babylon unmasked: or, a 

cure for orthodoxy; being a letter 

addressed to Richard Mott of New 

York, 69 
The why being the what, 704 
Wickersham, George M., 457, 983 
Wickliffe, Robert, 458 
Wier, Amy, 755 
Wiggin, Kate Douglas, 705 
Willard, W., 1054 
Willey, Louisa, 984 
William Hayes Fogg Art Museum, 

Cambridge, Mass., 706 
William Pillow: his life among the Shak- 
ers, 629 
Williams, A. W., 1029 
Williams, Emily, 707 
Williams, John E., 1160 
Williams, John S., 708-9 
Williams, M. Parker, Hudson, N.Y., 

211 
Williams, Nathan, 1181 
Williams, Richard L., 710 
Williams, William, 1077 
Williamsburg Antiques Forum, p. 

310 
Wilson, Hannah, 985, 1060 
Wingate, Charles F., 459 
Winkley, Francis, 460, 1053 
Winter, Esther C, 711 
Winter, William F., 479-80, 496-97, 

519, 522, 596, 712-13, pp. 300, 310 
Winterthur Museum. See Henry 

Francis du Pont Winterthur 

Museum 
Wisdom's Valley, 804, 807 
Woman's mission, 455 
A wonderful little world of people, 544 
Wood, George W., New York, N.Y., 

118-19 
Wood, Jonathan, 856, 1054, 1135, 

1137, 1140 



Wood, Sampson, 762 

Wood, Samuel, New York, N.Y., 863 

Woodenware, 3 

Woods, Jonathan, 1152 

Woods, Joseph, 461 

Woodwork and woodworking, 697, 
p. 300 

Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, 
Mass., 714 

The word of holy and eternal wisdom: 
directed to the beloved ministry at 
Wisdom's Valley; to be dealt with 
according as their wisdom may direct; 
written by inspiration, commencing 
May 3d, 'l844, 807 

Wordly, James, 785 

Words of a shining roll sent from Holy 
Mother Wisdom to Brother Rufus 
Bishop, July 10th, 1842: copied from 
the original, 759 

Words of the second roll: read In/ the holy 
and searching angel of light and truth, 
sent forth by holy and eternal ivisdom 
in charity and love to the inhabitants 
of Zion, >98 

Words on a card sent from Holy Mother 
Wisdom to Lydia Mathewson, July 
10th, 1842, 784 

Words on a card sent from Holy Mother 
Wisdom to Miranda Barber, July 10th, 
1842, 756 

Work and worship: the economic order of 
the Shakers, 511, p. 312 

The work of Shaker hands: from the col- 
lection of Dr. and Mrs. Edioard Dem- 
ing Andrews and the Index of 
American Design, the National Gal- 
lery of Art, 686 

Works Progress Administration, Fed- 
eral Art Project. See Federal Art 
Project 

The World's Advance-thought Enve- 
lope Line, Portland, Oreg., 278 

World's Columbian Exposition, Chi- 
cago, 111., 183, 185 

The World's Fair: a letter, 226 

The World's Fair: shall it be closed one 



Index 



357 



day in the week to please a certain 

sect, 227 
Worship and work: Saint John's Abbey 

and University. 1856-1956, 515 
Worship service, p. xviii 
Why am I a Christian, 173 
Wright, Anna, 438 
Wright, Eleanor Hayes, 317 
Wright, Eleazer [pseud.], 329, 464 
Wright, Grove, 742, 810, 857 
Wright, Lucy, 245, 725, 777, 786-87, 

797, 805, 858, 1040, 1149, p. 313 
Wright, Zadock, 730 
Wyeth, N. C, 705 



Yale University library gazette, 490 

Yankee, 586 

Yea and nay: "blessed are the peace mak- 
ers"; visit to the Shakers at Mount 
Lebanon, New York, 640 

The Yorker, 629 

Youngs, Benjamin Seth, 323, 462-66, 
859-60, 1136 

Youngs, Isaac Newton, 60, 295-96, 
467-68, 661, 861, 894, 1010, 1078 

The youth's guide in Zion and Holy 
Mother's promises: given by inspira- 
tion at New Lebanon, N.Y., 
January 5, 1842, 55 



Yale College, New Haven, Conn., 

440 



Zion on Clapboard Hill: the New Canaan 
Shakers, 1810-1812, 698 



DEMCO