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n fu8 offecftoni 
VI 



THE EDWARDIAN 
INVENTORIES FOR 
BEDFORDSHIRE 



EDITED 



F. C. EELES, F.S.A. Scot. 

From Transcripts 
BY 

The Rev. J. E. BROWN, B.A. 

Vicar of Stud/iam 



LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO 

39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON 

NEW YORK & BOMBAY 

1905 
\_Jtll right reserved] 



in KM 
VI 




THE EDWARDIAN 
INVENTORIES FOR 
BEDFORDSHIRE 



EDITED 



F. C. EELES, F.S.A. Scot. 

From Transcripts 

BY 

The Rev. J. E. BROWN, B.A. 

Vicar ofStudham 



LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO 

39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON 

NEW YORK & BOMBAY 

1905 

[ 4ll right reservea*] 




// 



1942 



PREFACE. 

THE political exigences of Henry VIII's breach with the 
Pope caused him to suppress the English monastic 
houses, with the twofold end of crushing that part of the 
body spiritual which was the strongest bulwark of papal 
power in England, and of obtaining lands to grant to the 
nobility, so that he might secure their favour and support. 
Begun in 1535 under the pretext of suppressing some of 
the lesser houses on account of their corruption, this 
policy of sacrilege went on until every religious house 
was gone, and in 1545 it was extended to colleges, 
chantries and free chapels, although it seems that the 
seizure of the plate and ornaments of these latter did not 
take place until early in the reign of Edward VI. It is 
easy to see that this work of sacrilege and confiscation 
was not likely to stop short of the parish churches, and 
it began to be extended to them at the very beginning 
of the reign of Edward VI. Enquiries as to the goods 
of parish churches were made of the bishops in 1547, 
and early in 1549 a commission for making inventories 
was issued to sheriffs and justices of the peace. On 
3rd March 1551 it was ordered by the Privy Council 
" that for as muche as the Kinge's Majestic had neede 
presently of a masse of mooney, therfore Commissions 
shulde be addressed into all shires of Englande to take 
into the Kinges handes suche churche plate as re- 
maigneth, to be emploied unto his highnes use." 1 This 
however was not done immediately. On 2Qth January 
1552 a letter was addressed to each custos rotulorum 
requiring the delivery of the inventories which had been 
made under the commissions of 1549. A commission 
to make new inventories and stop all private embezzle- 
ment was issued on i6th May 1552,2 and it was under 

1 Acts of the Privy Council of England, N.S. iii (1550-1552) p. 228. 

2 For full text see below, p. ix. 



IV PREFACE 

this commission that most of the inventories now at the 
Public Record Office were taken, including those printed 
in the earlier part of the present volume. A new 
commission was issued on i6th January 1553 directing 
the actual seizure of all the valuables, only the barest 
necessaries being left for the use of each church. 1 The 
result of this was that the plate was sent to the Jewel 
House in the Tower of London and melted down, the 
vestments and the inferior metal work were sold locally, 
the linen given to the poor. Thus the sacrilege was 
complete. The lead and bells do not seem to have been 
actually taken. 2 

A necessary accompaniment of this wholesale seizure 
of ecclesiastical property was of course the taking of 
careful inventories of it. A great number of these still 
remain, ranging in date from 1536, when those of the 
religious houses begin, until 1553 the date of the latest 
Edwardian returns for parish churches. This great 
series of i6th century inventories, despite its shameful 
origin, is of the highest legal, historical and liturgical 
importance. No other country can show the like. 
Notwithstanding their obvious value, little more than half 
the inventories have hitherto been printed, and some of 
these are in comparatively rare publications which are 
not easy of access. 

Until all such inventories are printed accurately and 
published in an accessible way, it is impossible to form 
a just estimate of their contents, or to write a detailed 
history of the spoliation of our churches by Henry VIII 
and Edward VI, or indeed to deal properly with the 
subject of church furniture and ornaments in the i6th 
century in England as a whole. This the Alcuin Club 

1 This commission has often been printed : see Seventh Report of the 
Deputy Keeper of the Public Records, London, 1846, Appendix II., 
p. 307, or Surtees Society vol. 97, p. 4, or Book of Common Prayer with 
notes by A. J. Stephens, London 1849, v l- i-> P- 3 5 6, or Church Goods 
in Berkshire, by Walter Money, Oxford, 1879, p. xxxii. 

2 By far the best account of the spoliation at present available is that 
written by Mr. Page and prefixed to his invaluable book of Inventories 
of Church Goods for the Counties of York, Durham and Northumberland, 
Surtees Society, vol. 97. 



PREFACE V 

intends to do as soon as it is practicable, but it is 
obviously impossible while half the material is lying 
scattered in MS. at the Record Office. The Committee 
therefore is first addressing itself to the work of getting 
all the material transcribed, and printed in an accessible 
form. In some cases it is hoped that the inventories 
may be printed by local archaeological societies : where 
nothing else is possible the club will endeavour to do it, 
but from the expensive character of the work it is 
doubtful how much will be able to be done unless 
financial help comes in from outside. 

As a first instalment the Edwardian inventories for 
the county of Bedford are now published. The tran- 
scripts have been made by the Rev. J. E. Brown, and 
collated with the originals by Mr. F. C. Eeles, who is 
also responsible for the introduction. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

[With references to the documents in the Public Record Office] 

PAGE 

INTRODUCTION ix. 

Commission for survey of Bedfordshire church goods i6th May, 1552 ix. 
(Rot. Pat. 6 Edw. VI., p. 7, m. 12 in dorso) 

INVENTORIES OF 1552 

HUNDRED OF MANSHEAD 

BATTLESDEN - ... (Ex. K. R. CH. GOODS Jj 1 ) I 

EVERSHOLT .... 2 

HARLINGTON - 3 

HOUGHTON REGIS - 4 

HULCOTE 4 

HUSBORNE CRAWLEY - 5 

SALFORD 7 

TINGRITH 8 

TILSWORTH .... (Ex. K. R. CH. GOODS $) 8 

WESTONING .... (EX. K. R. CH. GOODS *) 9 

HUNDRED OF BARFORD 

EATON SOCON - (EX. K. R. CH. GOODS ^-) 1 1 

HUNDRED OF REDBORNESTOKE 

CRANF1ELD ... - (EX. K. R. CH. GOODS V") 1 3 

HUNDRED OF WIXAMTREE 

FARNDISH (EX. K. R. CH. GOODS J) 15 

STAGSDEN ... - (EX. K. R. CH. GOODS V") *5 

MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 

MEPPERSHALL - - - - (Ex. K. R, CH. GOODS y) If 



viii CONTENTS 

rACB 

LUTON - - - (Ex. K. R. CH. GOODS tf) 22 

STRETLEY - 24 

HOUGHTON CONQUEST 24 

WILLINGTON - 25 

DUNSTABLE 26 

HARLINGTON - 26 

TODDINGTON - - 26 

LUTON 27 

HOUGHTON CONQUEST 27 

SANDY - - - (Ex. K. R. CH. GOODS Bdle. 14) 29 

(Formerly L. R. CH. GOODS Bdle. 1392, File 4 no. i) 
WILLINGTON - - (Ex. K. R. CH. GOODS Bdle. 14) 30 

(Formerly L. R. CH. GOODS. Bdle. 1392, File 3 nos. i to 3) 
APPENDIX I. 

INVENTORY OF WOBURN ABBEY 

CHURCH 1537 - - (Ex. K. R. CH. GOODS J-) 40 

APPENDIX II. 

Return of defaced plate from Bedfordshire delivered into the Jewel House 
between ist June 1553 and 4th Feb. 1554 

(Ex. K. R. CH. GOODS #) 42 

A List of Names of Persons 42 



INTRODUCTION TO THE EDWARDIAN 
INVENTORIES FOR BEDFORDSHIRE. 

VERY few of the Edwardian inventories for Bedfordshire 
have come down to us ; only 14 of those taken in 1552, 
from a total of about 125 parish churches. They were 
the result of the following Commission, under which 
most of the later Edwardian inventories were made. 
This document has often been printed before, but as it 
is given in full for Bedfordshire on the Patent Roll, the 
alterations as to names required to adapt it for other 
counties being indicated at the end, it has been thought 
well to print it once again. 

Rot. Pat. 6 Edw. VI. p. 7, m. 1 2 in dorso. 

Edward the syxt &c. To our deare Cousyn and 
Counsaillour William Marques of Northampton great 
Chamberleyn of Englond and to our trustie and right 
welbeloved John Lord Braye and to our trustie and 
welbeloved John Seynt John and Uryan Brereton 
Knightes and to our welbeloved Lewes Dyve and 
Richard Snowe Esquyers greting Whereas We have 
at sundry tymes heretofore by our speciall Commyssion 
and otherwyse commaunded that ther shuld be takyn 
and made a just veu survey and inventory of all maner 
goodes plate juelles vestymentes belles and other orna- 
mentes within every paryshe belongyng or in any wyse 
apperteynyng to any Churche Chapell Brothered Gylde 
or Fraternyty within this our Ralme of Englond and 
uppon the same inventory so taken had or made 
our commaundement was and hathe ben that all the 
same goodes plate juelles vestmentes belles and other 
ornamentes shuld be safely kept and appoyncted to the 
charge of such persons as shuld kepe the same safely 
and be ready to aunswere to the same at all tymes 
according to the whiche our Commyssyons and sundry 
Commaundements. We were advertysed by our said 
Commyssioners then appoyncted and by other meanes 



X INTRODUCTION 

also that the said goodes plate juelles vestymentes belles 
and other ornamentes of the said Churches Chapelles 
Brotherheddes Gyldes Fraternytyes and Companyes 
were not only vieued and duly surveyd but also that 
the inventories thereof were made by indenture and thon 
part of the same remayned with our Gustos Rotulorum 
of that Countye or hys deputye or Clerke of the peax at 
that tyme being and the other part with the churche- 
wardens and such men as had the charge of the same 
goodes and other inventories also made by our com- 
maundement by our Busshopes and their ecclesiasticall 
Officers were lykewyse by them retorned hyther to our 
Counsaill : yet nevertheless for that we be informed that 
somme part of the said goodes plate juelles belles and 
ornamentes of Churches be in somme places embeselled 
or removed contrarye to our former expresse com- 
maundements and manyfestlye to the contempt and 
derogacion of our honur in that behalfe We have 
thought mete to have the very truthe herin justly and 
duly knowen to thintent the same may be as ys most 
necessarye redressed and furthwith reformed. And for 
that purpose for the good knowledge and experyence 
had in your trustynes faithfulnes wisdome and uprightnes 
we have appoyncted you to be our speciall Commyssioners 
and by auctoryty herof do name appoynct and auctoryse 
you four or three of you to take and receave a due full 
and just vieu of all goodes plate juelles belles and 
ornamentes of every Churche and Chapell in whose 
hands soever the same be belonging or in any wyse 
apperteynyng to any the said Churches Chapelles Gyldes 
Brotherheddes or Fraternyties within that our Countie 
of Bedford. And upon the said vieu so taken to cause 
a true just and full perfect inventorye to be made of the 
same and to compare the same with the best of the 
former inventories heretofore made and remaynyng with 
the said Churchwardens or suche other as then hadd 
the same in charge. And for the defaultes and wantes 
yf any shalbe eyther of the said plate juelles belles 
vestymentes or any other ornamentes or any part of 
theym any maner of wyse to make diligent inquyrye 
and serche as well by the othes of suche honest men as 



INTRODUCTION XI 

ye shall thinke mete to sweare therfore as any other 
convenyent meanes to knowe and understand by whose 
default the same hath bene removed embesiled aliened 
or dimynyshed. And also in whose possession the same 
thinges or any part therof so spoiled removed embeselled 
or demynysshed do remayne or to whose use the money 
and profett therof ys made or is comme according to 
the further meanyng of certen instrucions sent to you 
herewith and of your hole doynges in this behalf to 
retorne unto us and our Pryvey Counsaill in wryting 
your answere accordingly. And yf ye shall fynde any 
person or persons that wilfully or stubburnlye will refuse 
to obey any precept or commaundement which you our 
said Commyssioners foure or three of you shall geve 
unto theym in or about thexecucion of the premisses that 
then we gyve unto you full power auctorytie to commytt 
every suche person or persons to warde and pryson ther 
to remayne without baill or maynprice untyll suche tyme 
as you shall think the same ymprisonment to be condigne 
for his or their offences. Wherfore Wee will and com- 
maunde you and every of you to attende and execute 
the premysses accordinglye and moreover Wee will and 
commaund all and singuler Mayours Shereffes Bayllyffes 
Constables Hedboroughes all Curates Parsons Vicars 
Churchwardens and all other our Offecers Minysters 
and faithfull Subjectes that they and every of them be 
ayding helping counsailling assisting and furthering you 
in and aboute the due execucion herof as they tender 
our pleasure and will aunswer to the contrarye at ther 
extreme perells. In Witnes wherof &c. TR apud [sic\. 
[Westmonasterium, xvj die Maij.] 
Fiant consimiles separales Commissiones directae 
personis subscriptis in Com[itatibus] Ciuitatibus Episco- 
pat[ibus] et Villis subscriptis. 

Bedford. 

The Marquess of Northampton. 

The Lord Braye. 

Syr John Saynt John. 

Syr Uryan Brerton. 

Richard Snowe. 

Lewes Dyve. 



Xll INTRODUCTION 

Besides these fourteen Edwardian inventories, there is 
a series of documents connected with the attempt which 
was made in Queen Mary's reign to rescue for church 
use those ornaments which had been privately embezzled 
or unlawfully made away with. These documents are 
of great interest and are given in full. 

The inventory of Woburn Abbey taken in 1537 the 
only extant Bedfordshire example of the earlier returns 
has been printed as Appendix I. 

The Bedfordshire inventories are written in various 
hands upon sheets of paper of different sizes and they 
are now indexed at the Record Office as Exchequer 
King's Remembrancer Church Goods ^ and are tied 
up in a single bundle, except those for Farndish 
(Ex. K. R. Ch. Goods *) and Tilsworth (Ex. K. R. 
Ch. Goods B) which are separate. The Woburn 
inventory (Ex. K. R. Ch. Goods il) has been carefully 
bound into a book among other similar inventories. 

Several of the following documents now appear in 
print for the first time. The rest were printed in 
Bedfordshire Notes and Queries.^ It has been thought 
well to give them again because Bedfordshire Notes and 
Queries is such an exceedingly scarce publication, and 
the edition of them given there is by no means accurate. 

Exact literal accuracy has been observed in the 
printing of these documents, but nearly all contractions 
have been extended. Capital letters have been uniformly 
used for all proper names, and small letters have been 
substituted for many unnecessary capitals in the originals. 
The letters "di" (really a contraction for the Latin 
dimidia = half) have been allowed to remain unaltered. 
As the spelling is so very erratic throughout it has been 
thought unnecessary to use the symbol (f) to indicate 
places where unusual spellings or apparent mistakes 
have been retained. The signatures of the com- 
missioners appear in full at the end of each inventory, 
but they have only been printed in full under the first. 
In printing some of the long depositions of witnesses 
among the Marian documents, it has been thought well 
to introduce commas to facilitate reading, in place of the 

1 Vol. i., p. 277, Bedford, 1886. 



INTRODUCTION xiii 

hurried strokes and dots of the originals. The inven- 
tories are arranged in alphabetical order under the 
hundreds in which the churches are situated. Ten 
out of the fourteen are in the hundred of Manshead, in 
the south western part of the county ; of the rest two are 
from the hundred of Wixamtree, and one each from 
those of Barford and Redbornestoke. The hundreds 
of Biggleswade, Clifton, Flitt, Stodden and Willey are 
unrepresented. 

A revising hand, presumably that of one of the 
commissioners, appears to have been over each in- 
ventory, correcting occasional mistakes and adding a 
sentence to the effect that the goods were committed to 
the custody and keeping of certain of the churchwardens. 

These few Bedfordshire inventories contain little that 
is remarkable. As usual in inventories of this kind 
very few patens are specified. They are evidently 
intended to be included when chalices are mentioned. 
One tin chalice 1 is recorded at Husborne Crawley 
and there was one of copper gilt at Eversholt. The 
material of the chalices of Cranfield and Farndish is 
not specified, although it was evidently silver, as the 
weights are given. Candlesticks are only recorded at 
five out of the fourteen churches two in each case, 
except at Cranfield, where four are mentioned, probably 
pairs for two altars. Censers are recorded at six 

1 " Tin " chalices were not common at this time, although they are 
occasionally to be found in inventories ; copper ones were also rather 
scarce. But it is more than probable that by " tin " the mediaeval 
writers meant what is called pewter now. A canon in the Decretum 
attributed to a council of Rheims (? A.D. 819) while requiring chalices 
to be of gold or silver, allowed the use of tin in cases of poverty 
(De cons., dist. i., c. Et calix.) But in 1175 Richard, archbishop of 
Canterbury, forbade tin " ne stanneum calicem aliquis episcopus 
ammodo benedicat interdicimus " and his constitution was adopted 
as part of the canon law in England (G. Lindewode Provinciate 
lib. iii., tit. De celeb, miss. c. Precipimus). Lindewode (tit., De 
summa trin., c. Altissimus, v. In calice) goes further, and says that 
copper ought not to be used, but after quoting Archbishop Richard 
against tin saying "nunquid licet conficere in calice stagneo" he 
ends by saying that the constitution of the archbishop is to be 
interpreted in accordance with the Rheims canon, and therefore allows 
tin propter panpertatem. 



XIV INTRODUCTION 

churches two in each case, with a ship at Eaton Socon. 
Latten basons, presumably for washing the celebrant's 
hands, are mentioned at Hulcote and Westoning, there 
being two at the latter. 1 Three pixes are recorded 2 
one of latten, one of copper and one of copper gilt, but 
only one pax, one lamp, and one stock for holy water. 

The churches were well supplied with bells, Harlington 
and Eaton Socon having as many as five, six churches 
having four and the rest three. 3 At Husborne Crawley 
they had " j hanbell and a sawnce bell." In some cases 
"hanbeH'' may mean the bell rung in front of the 
procession at funerals in contradistinction to the sacring 
bell rung at the altar. As a general rule in England 
of old the "saunce" bell was a comparatively large bell 
which hung outside the church, either in the tower with 
the other bells or in a bell-cot by itself, and it was used 
at the elevation whether a small handbell was rung at 
the altar or not. That "saunce bell" meant an outside 
bell is well shown in one of the Marian documents 
printed below, where a complaint is made that one 
John Leventhorpe had embezzled a saunce bell at 
Meppershall " Imprimis he had a saunce bell hangyng 
in the belfrey and converted the same to his owne use." 
Here the saunce bell clearly must have hung in the 
belfry with the other bells : the words "hangyng in the 

1 They may possibly have been used as alms basons, or for the 
adorning of the altar. Two basons were left by will in 1502 to 
St. Mary Woolnoth, London, to serve both these purposes. See Mr. 
Micklethwaite's Ornaments of the Rubric, Alcuin Club Tract no. i, 
p. 41. Cf. also the inventory, taken in 1540, of Thornton Curtis 
Priory, Lincolnshire, which contains the entry " Item ij litle altar basons 
of silver weinge unc' . . . xvj " (Proc. of Cambridge Antiquarian Society, 
no. xliv., vol. x., p. 484). At Toddington in this county they had " a 
litle sylver dishe " as appears from one of the Marian documents printed 
below, p. 26. 

2 Two more are mentioned in the Marian documents one at Luton 
and the other at Toddington. The former was " a pixe of silver and 
gylte with a doble glasse" i.e., probably a monstrance with a glass 
cylinder used for processions of the Holy Eucharist, e.g., upon Palm 
Sunday. 

3 vide Church Bells of Bedfordshire, by Thomas North, London, 
1883, passim. 



INTRODUCTION XV 

belfrey " cannot have been used of a handbell rung at 
the altar. They had a handbell at Meppershall which 
was sold for sixteen pence ; the "saunce bell" was said 
to be " worthe to be sold iiij markes or there aboughtes." 
" Sacring bell " in a mediaeval inventory generally means 
a handbell rung by the clerk at the altar, either as well 
as or instead of the outside bell. 

Vestments for deacon and subdeacon are mentioned 
only at Eaton Socon, but at Stagsden those of red silk 
are specified as a suit. The term " vestment " included 
so much, that it is probable that most of the other 
churches had tunicles, and even other ornaments such as 
frontals and curtains, which are not mentioned separately. 
The preponderance of the colour green is noticeable ; 
the red vestments, as is commonly the case, exceeded 
in number those of any other colour except green, but 
here the green vestments are fourteen as against eleven 
red ones. r 

In two cases white vestments are recorded which were 
probably used during the first four weeks of Lent one 
of bustian at Harlington, and one of fustian at Tilsworth. 
Only one tawny i.e. probably yellow vestment is 
mentioned, and only one black one. 1 The descriptions 
are very meagre and nothing is said about the occasions 
on which the different colours were used. 

In the inventory of Woburn Abbey, 1537, in 
Appendix I., we find black "for masse of requiem" "white 
fustian for Lent." There is also the entry " i j old 



1 Bedfordshire was in the diocese of Lincoln in the middle ages, and 
no colour sequence for Lincoln use has come down to us ; at present 
we only know of a very fragmentary rule in the late i3th century 
Consuetudinary of Bishop Gravesend. Some light may perhaps be 
thrown upon the practice if there ever was any "use" of the diocese, 
when it is possible to make an analysis of the colours of all the vestments 
recorded in the Edwardian inventories, but even this is doubtful. On 
the whole subject of English liturgical colours see Notes on the History 
of the Liturgical Colours, by Dr. J. Wickham Legg, in Transactions of 
St. PauTs Ecclesiological Society vol. i., p. 95 and On the English 
Liturgical Colours by Mr. St. John Hope in vol. ii., p. 233 of the same : 
also On English Liturgical Colours by Mr. Cuthbert Atchley, on p. 89 
of Essays on Ceremonial, Library of Liturgiology, vol. iii., London, 
Moring, 1904. 



XVI INTRODUCTION 

chesybilles for vestments " which shows that the word 
"vestment" was not synonymous with "chasuble"; the 
chasuble, in fact, formed one part of the "vestment," 
which was made up of many separate pieces. 

The curious word "dubbings" is used in connection 
with albes in the Cranfield inventory. It evidently 
signifies the apparels. 

Of copes, seven blue are recorded, five green, four red, 
besides others. Here again the large number of green 
is noticeable. There was one of "russet worset " at 
Houghton Regis, and one of linen, the colour of which 
is not given. 

There is often some difficulty in knowing whether 
"altar cloths" in an English inventory mean " frontals " 
or the linen cloths. Frontals were often called by some 
other name, and the linen cloths were often called towels. 
Here a careful examination shows that the frequently 
mentioned "altar cloths" are the linen cloths. They 
are sometimes specified as being of linen. The towels 
are probably what we should call towels. Frontals seem 
to be referred to as "hangings," though at Stagsden 
they are called " frunts " and the upper frontals "counter 
fruntes." At Eversholt however "a coverying for the 
auter of olde tawny sylke " probably describes a 
frontal. 2 

The following entry in the Eversholt inventory is 
interesting : 

" Item ann awter clothe of grene sylke which is a 
coverynge for the funte." 

It shows that a silk font veil was actually in use at 
Eversholt when the inventory was taken. At the same 
time the Eversholt people had made six curtains of 
dornix into " iiij playing cootes." 

"A vayll of lynnyn clothe" at Eaton Socon and "a 
sheate" at Eversholt are probably Lent veils; so too 

1 A few more vestments are mentioned in the Marian documents, 
including one of Lyons blue at Meppershall, a crimson velvet cope at 
Houghton Conquest, and vestments for deacons and subdeacons at 
Willington. 

2 " A fronte of red braunched dammaske " was provided at Houghton 
Conquest, early in the reign of Mary, v. below, p. 28. 



INTRODUCTION 

the veil and "the coverynge for the roode " mentioned 
as embezzled at Meppershall ; see below, p. 17. 

In seven of the fourteen churches we find the ornament 
known as the cross cloth mentioned, and in three of these 
cases there were two cross cloths. Cross cloths were 
small banners hung to the processional cross ; they were 
not allowed according to strict Salisbury use, and in that 
diocese they do not seem to have been employed. They 
were a common part of the general English use, although 
they were not found where the local peculiarities of 
Sarum prevailed. Of these ten Bedfordshire examples 
four are green, one is red, and the colours of the rest are 
not given. 

Rochets, presumably for the clerks, are mentioned at 
Houghton Regis and Westoning. Only eleven surplices 
are mentioned, of which four were at Houghton Regis, 
and only fifteen albes, of which nine were at Cranfield. 
In most places the albes, were probably included with 
the vestments ; the Cranfield inventory is more detailed, 
and specifies the albes with the vestments. In the other 
cases, where albes are mentioned by themselves, they 
were very likely used by the clerks, and did not belong 
to the sets of vestments. In only one instance. 
Stagsden is an amice specified. 

Unlike inventories made by the church authorities, 
these Edwardian inventories very often do not specify 
all that the churches possessed. They give everything 
on which money could be raised, and usually a few 
valueless things besides, but it is easy to see that the 
commissioners were not particular to record every thing 
that was of no value. For example at Farndish neither 
altar cloth nor corporal is mentioned, and although there 
were a vestment and two copes, no surplice is mentioned. 
Now even by the Prayer Book of 1552 the linen altar 
cloth and the surplice are required, and Farndish church 
certainly must have possessed them. Corporals indeed 
are only specified at three out of fourteen churches and 
surplices only at five. The fact is, these ornaments were 
of little or no value, and were sometimes specified, some- 
times passed over. The same is probably the case with 
frontals and curtains, and perhaps some other things ; 



XV111 INTRODUCTION 

when of value they were entered, sometimes when of no 
value, but in the latter case they were almost as often 
left unnoticed. 

It is clear that the Edwardian inventories cannot be 
looked upon as giving an absolutely exhaustive survey 
of church ornaments. They omit many that were of no 
pecuniary value. They also omit many things which 
must have existed, but which had been safely hidden or 
successfully embezzled. For example, at Westoning we 
find a cross cloth mentioned, but no cross to hang it on. 
It must have existed ; perhaps they hid it, or perhaps 
some one had made away with it. So with pixes ; every 
church was bound to have one, but only three out of 
these fourteen inventories mention them. Cruets are not 
mentioned at all in any of these inventories ; they may 
have been worthless in many cases or stolen or hidden 
in others ; but they obviously must have existed. 

While it is necessary to bear all this in mind, it is 
equally necessary to remember that there were certain 
ornaments, such as censers, textus for gospels and 
epistles, silk offertory veils, etc., which many parish 
churches never seem to have possessed at all. On the 
other hand, because candlesticks are not mentioned at 
certain places, we must not conclude that the canon law 
rule sine lumine non celebretur was broken. Candles 
may have stood in iron pricket candlesticks that were 
not worth entering in an inventory ; or they may have 
been placed at the ends of the curtain rods ; or more 
likely a single torch upon a worthless wooden stick was 
held in his hand by the clerk, or stuck in a hole in the 
pavement close to the altar. T 

The Marian documents here given form a long series 
belonging to the commission of enquiry as to the em- 
bezzlement of church goods, which was instituted early 
in Mary's reign with a view to rescuing as much as 
possible for the benefit of the churches which had been 
robbed. 

1 See for example Alcuin Club Collection i. English Altars, plate viii. 
no. i., or Collection ii., Exposition de la Messe, plates 8 and 9, or 
Collection v., Dat Boexken van der Missen, plate xx., p. 86, where the 
-torch may be seen standing in a hole in the ground. 



INTRODUCTION XIX 

Of these the first few relate to Meppershall. There 
is a note giving particulars of ornaments embezzled there 
by one Thomas Stringer, wherein it is said he' ' hath also 
serteyne other albes and altar clothes and will not restore 
the same. And when the pore demaunde the same he 
revileth them and caleth them begarly knaves and evill 
entreteth them." 

This reference to the poor demanding the linen is 
explained by the fact that the last Edwardian commission 
(i6th January 1553), while requiring the delivery of plate 
into the king's jewel house and the sale of valuables for 
his benefit, directed the commissioners "to dystribute 
... to the poor people in every parysh . . . the resydue 
of the lynnen ornaments and ymplements of the said 
churches and chapeles, in suche order and sort as may 
be most to Codes glory and our honor." 

A marginal note in another hand directs that the same 
Thomas [Stringer] should be bound to provide a new 
canopy of sarcenet or satin of Bridges " on thisside the 
furst of Aug[ust]," and another note states that he paid 
2 145 8d into the hands of the commissioners as the 
value of a chalice and a cope which he had sold. 

There are similar documents relating to several other 
churches in which various ornaments are incidentally 
mentioned, together with the names of persons held to be 
responsible for their disappearance. Among them are 
some references to Luton, in which occurs the name of 
John Gynneth, vicar from 1537 to 1558, an adherent of 
the old learning, well known for his Book of twenty Songs 
set to Music, printed in 1530. When applying for the 
degree of Doctor of Music in 1531, he stated that he had 
composed "all the responses of the whole year in division 
song, and had published three masses of five parts and 
five masses of four, as also certain symphonies, anti- 
phonas, and divers songs for the use of the Church." 

There are also other documents regarding the 
Meppershall affair; they include the summons of the 

1 See Luton Church, Historical and Descriptive. H. Cobbe, London 
1899, [prepared for publication and edited by the Rev. Percy Dearmer] 
which contains a mass of valuable information relating to the church 
history of the district, including some notes on Bedfordshire Chantries 
<P- 5 66 )> anfl ome allusions to vestments at Luton (p. 578). 



XX INTRODUCTION 

commissioners to Stringer to appear before them at 
Westminster, a letter from a certain man named 
Hemyng, living at Arlesey, to the commissioners, 
excusing Stringer from appearing before them on the 
ground of his being "an olde man and not used to- 
jorney," and saying that he and some other local com- 
missioners had had Stringer before them and examined 
him. Stringer's own version of the matter follows 
evidently the deposition he had made before Hemyng 
in which he excuses himself, and blames a certain John 
Leventhorpe for embezzling the church goods. 

Interesting light upon mediceval custom is thrown by 
the long series of documents relating to Willington 
which concludes the Marian papers. From these it 
appears that the vicar of Willington in Edward VI's 
time had presented a certain Thomas Verney 1 as being 
responsible for the disappearance of some vestments and 
plate from the church. The Marian commissioners, who 
were endeavouring to rescue embezzled church goods and 
return them to the respective churches, caused evidence 
to be taken locally in regard to this Willington matter, 
and the depositions of the various witnesses are here 
given. They knew nothing at all about the vestments 
specified and they were unanimous in saying that the 
other ornaments did not belong to the church at all, but 
were the private property of the squire of Willington, 
Sir John Gostwike, who used to lend them to the church 
for festivals. One of the witnesses, an old servant of 
Sir John Gostwike's, deposed that "as to the crosse of 
syllver and gyllt enameled, a payre of cruettes of sillver, 
a chalece of syllver and parsell gillt, . . . the same Sir 
John Gostwik hadd of his own propre goods, and some- 
times the said Sir John wolld commaund the same at 
hiethe festivall days to be browght to the churche, and 
ther to be sett on the hieth aulter, and used and occupied 
to the better adorninge and decoratinge of the churche, 
to the greter honor and glory of God. And at every 
suche tyme he wolld have the same crosse, cruettes, and 
chalice brought home in to his house of Willington at or 

1 A note about Verney and these ornaments will be found in one of 
the other documents, p. 25. 



INTRODUCTION XXI 

before the night of the same day and the same were 
keppt in the custody of him, that had the rest of his 
platte and was accompted of all men as his own propre 
goodes and platte." This is a very interesting instance 
of the old custom of decking the altar with plate (in this 
case, be it noted there was only plate and no reliquaries) 
which survived the Reformation and came down to our 
own day. 

One of the witnesses examined in the Wellington affair 
was William Fayry " yoman of the agge of fifty yeares 
or ther aboute, arid howshold servaunte withe Sir John 
Gostwike for the space of xiiij yeares." He was perhaps 
connected with the family of this name whom one finds 
at Dunstable about fifty years earlier, where a certain 
Henry Fayrey who died in 1516 gave a magnificent red 
and gold herse cloth to the Fraternity of St. John the 
Baptist. This herse cloth is embroidered with the names 
of Henry, Agnes, John and Mary Fayrey, the merchants' 
mark of John Fayrey and the arms of the Mercers' 
Company, of which John Fayrey was a member. It is 
still preserved at Dunstable, and is one of the few old 
church ornaments remaining in Bedfordshire. It was 
proposed at one time to illustrate it here, together with 
the lectern at Leighton Buzzard and the mediaeval 
reredoses at Arlesey, Cople, and Eaton Bray, but it was 
eventually decided that proper justice could not be done 
to it in so small a book, and that pictures of existing 
ancient ornaments could be issued to better advantage in 
collections by themselves, than intermixed with bulky 
documents such as inventories. 

Appendix I contains that part of the inventory of the 
Cistercian Abbey of Woburn which includes the church 
goods. It was taken in August 1537. The church 
appears to have been very poor, as it contained but 
little. There were " ij lynyn alter clothes upon the alter 
and on steyned alter cloth hangyng before the alter" 
and "ij laten candelstykes stondyng before the high 
alter" none apparently standing upon it. The "white 
vestment with a crucyfyx upon it " is a case of a vestment 
with a Latin cross on the back, no doubt. These were 
very common in England in the i6th century. The 



XX11 INTRODUCTION 

whole inventory somewhat conveys the impression of a 
survival of the more ancient Cistercian simplicity. 

To this has been added, as Appendix II the part 
relating to Bedfordshire of a long document giving 
particulars of defaced plate from all over England 
delivered into the royal jewel house in the Tower of 
London between ist June 1553 and 4th February, 1554. 
A note giving the same particulars is endorsed on the 
list of persons responsible for the disappearance of goods 
from several churches (v. p. 25.) 



INVENTORIES 



HUNDRED OF MANSHEAD 



[Battlesden] 

Batelysden 

The inventorie indentyd of all manere of plate jewelles 
vestmentes and belles bylongyng to the paryshe churche of 
Batelysden in the countie of Bed[ford] made the second day 
of Septembere in the vjth yere of the reyng of owre sovereyng 
lord kyng Edwarde the syxte exhibyted by Michell Innit 
curat William Vincent Henry Fyelde churchwardens John 
Trapnell Nicholles Fyelde William Ebbes and William 
Exell townsmen 

In primis of sylvere percell gylte oon chalice with a patent 
weyng xi ounces iij quarters and di 

Item a crosse of copper and gylte 

Item iij vestmentes oon of green sarsenet oon of green 
sylke and oon othere of whyte sylke 

Item a cope of rede sylke 

Item oon crosse clothe of green sylke 

Item of lynnen vj alter clothes f ij towelles f iij albes 

Item ij hanbelles 

Item in the stepull of the seid churche iij belles 

Item the churche and chancell leaded and the porches and 
the stepull tyeled 

f Commytted to the custodye and saffe kepyng of William 
Vincent and Henry Fyeld f 
L Seint John Uryan Brereton 

Lewys Dyve 
Richard Snowe 

t The obelus (t) has been used throughout to mark those parts of the 
inventories which appear to have been added by one of the com- 



missioners. 



THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES 



[Eversholt] 

Eversoult 

This inventory indentyd of all manner plate juelles vesty- 
mentes ornamentes and belles belonginge to the paryshe 
churche of Eversoult in the countye of Bedforth. Made the 
ijde daye of Septembre in the vjth yere of the reynge of 
oure soverayng Edwerd the vjth by the grace of God kyng 
of Englond Fraunce and Irelond defender of the feayth and 
in erthe supreme hedd of the churche of Englond and 
Irelond, by the person John Slowgh the churche wardens 
Ryche Whytbreade Thomas Butterfyld, and the Towensmen. 
Edmonde Barlee gent. Ambrose Gryggory. Thomas John- 
son, and John Brett. 

Inprimis one challes of sylwer percell gylt wayinge f vij f 
owences iij quarters 

Item one other challes of copper and gylte 

Item ij copes one blewe velwett thother grene sylke. 

Item ij vestymentes one blewe velwett thother grene sylke. 

Item xvth auter clothes and towelles 

Item one sheate 1 

Item vj cortens of dornyx wherof ys made iiij playing 
cootes : 

Item a coveryng for the auter of olde tawny sylke. 

Item ami awter clothe of grene sylke which is a coverynge 
for the funte. 

Item ij corporous cases of blacke velwett 

Item ij corporous clothes 

Item ij sacrynge belles 

Item annolde hearse clothe 

Item in the steapull iiij belles 

Item the churche chaunsell vestery and steapull all coveryd 
with leade 

f Commytted to the custodye and saffe kepyng of Thomas 
Jonson and John Burtf 

[Signatures as before] 



ii 



i.e., probably the great Lenten veil. 



FOR BEDFORDSHIRE. 3 

[Harlington.] 

Harlingdon 

The invytorye indented of all maner of plate jewelles 
vestementes ornamentes and belles belongynge to the 
parisshe churche of Harlingdon in the com [county] of 
Bed[ford] made the seconde daye of September in the 
vith yere of the raigne of or soveraigne lord Edward the 
sixt by the grace of God of England Fraunce and of 
lerland kynge defender O f the faithe, and in erth the 
supreme head of the churche of England and lerland 
exebyted and delyvered to the kynges his maiestie[s] 
comyssyoners by William Alyson vycar Richard Hawkyns 
John Nasshe churche wardens John Spycer Ath Helder 
Richard Mathew townes men. 

In primis one chalice of f silver f percell gylte wayinge ix 
unces 

Item to crossys of coper and gylte 

Item a corpus clothe with a case of syke 

Item one payer of sensers of coper 

. Item sixse vestmentes v of them of sylke and one of 
them of whight bustyan 

Item ij copes one of damaske whight and the other of 
blew damaske 

f Item iij pillowes olde of sylke f 

Item in the stepull of the said churche v belles and a 
saunce bell The first bell in wydenes ii foote and vii 
ynches in depthe ii foote and one ynche the second bell 
ii foote and viij ynches in depthe ii foote the thurd bell ii 
fote wyde and ii foote depth the fowerth bell iii foote wyde 
and ii fote depth and a di the v'h bell iii foote and di wyde 
ii foote and di depe the saunce bell wyde xi ynche and ix 
ynche depe 

Item all the said churche and porche leaded and the 
chaunsell tyled and the stepull tyled 

-j- Committed to the custodie and safe kepynge of William 
Alyson vicar there John Helder and Richard Mathewe f 
[Signatures as before] 

[Endorsed] 

In primis one chalyce sold to John Spycer for iijli iij* iiijd 
which was bestowed upon the hye waye 



4 THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES 

[Houghton Regis.] 

Howghton Regis 

The inventorie indentid of all maner of plate juelles 
vestimentes and belles belongynge to the paryshe churche 
of Howghton Regis in the countye of Bed[ford] made the 
fyrst daye of September in the syxt yere of ow r sufferayn 
lord kynge Edward the syxth by the grace of God of 
Yngland Fraunce and Ireland kynge defender of the fayth 
and in earth supprem hed of the chyrch of Yngland and 
Ireland : and exhybyted by John Edwardes and Rychard 
Webbe chyrch wardens and also Mathew Pedder Wylliam 
Straunge and Thomas Willys with other : townsmen 

In primis iij chalyces. of the wyche one ys sylver dowble 
gylt waynge xxvij ounces and the other ij be sylver parcell 
gyllt waynge xxvj ounces. 

Item of lattyn ij crosses too pyxes a payre of sencers a 
pax and ij lattyn candylstykes 

Item f two copes f one cope 1 of lynnen clothe, and the 
other of russett worsted and the other were stolen when 
the chyrch wass robbed 

Item xiij olid vestymentes. and the other were taken 
away whan the churche wass robbed 

Item iiij corporas cases and iij of the clothes were stolen 

Item iij hangynges. and iiij lynnen clothes, vj towelles. iiij 
surplyces and ij rochettes and ij chestes 

f Item a pawle of dyvers colors f 

Item iiij belles and the v bell wass not all payd for and 
therfore yt wass solid to pay yt 

f The churche and steple covered with ledde f 

f Committed to the custodie and safe kepynge of John 
Edwardes and Richard Webbe f 

[Signatures as before] 

[Hulcote.] 

Hulcott 

The inventoris indentyd off all maner off plate jewelles 
vestmentes ornamentes and bookes belongyng to the paryshe 

1 Struck out. 



FOR BEDFORDSHIRE. 5 

churche of Hulcot in the counte of Bedfford] made the last 
day of August in the syxt yere of the reygne of owr soveren 
lord kynge Edward the syxt by the curat churchewardens 
and dyvers other the discrete and most substancyall men of 
the seid parish appoyntyd for the same and also examyned 
by the kynges maiesties commyssioneres in that behalff 
assygned whos names to to either part of the seid inventoris 
are sub scry by d 

In primys one broken chalice f of sylver f with a patent 
percell gylte weynge xiij ounces and di Item ii alter clothes 
iij towelles 

Item one crosse of copper Item one crosse clothe of sylk 
Item ij albes and one vestment fred seyf Item ij latten 
candilstikes 

Item one latten basen Item one lamp of latten 
Item a payer of sensures of latten Item a holy water 
stop of laten 

Item one coop of grene sylke Item one surpclothe l 
Item iij lytell belles in the stepell the fore bell in compas 
a yeard one foote iij ynches in depthe di yard ij ynches in 
compas the second j yard di iiij ynches in depthe di yard vj 
ynches the third in compase ij yeards xiij ynches depthe di 
yeard vij ynches 

Item the seid churche fand steplef coveryd with ledd 
and the chauncell and porch tylyd 

f Committed to the custodie and safe kepynge of Michell 
Shepeherd persone there Thomas Burton and Randoll 
Spencer f 

[Signatures as before] 



[Husborne Crawley.] 

Husband Crauley 

The inventorye indentyd of all maner of plate vesty- 
mentes and belles belongyng to the said paryche chyrche in 
the countye of Bedford mayde the fyrste day of Septembre 
in the syxte yere of the rayne of our soverayn lord kyng 
Edward the syxte by the curat chyrchewardens and dyveres 

1 i.e., a surplice. 



6 THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES 

other of the discret and substancyall men of the sayd paryche 
appoynted for the same 

In primus one chalyce of tynne 

Item a crosse of copper 

Item of lynnen iiij alter clothes 

Item viij towelles 

Item ij hangynges before the alter 

Item iiij olde lynnen clothes 

Item j buckeram hangyng 

Item iij vestymentes on of blue 2 sylke 2 welvet l 

Item a nother of red 1 sylke l and the thyrd of satten 

Item iij copes on of satten and ij of lynnen 

f Item oon crosse clothe of red sylke f 

Item the sayd chyrche f and stepull f is ledded and the 
chancell and the porche is tyled 

f Item j hanbell and a sawnce bell f 

Thes men beyng present at the makyng of thys inventory 

Thomas Byrde clercke 

Thomas Allyn and John Matthew chyrchewardens 

Nycoles Abbat Rychard Syare 

Henrie Mathew and Wylliam Pollens 

Item in the steple of the sayde chyrche iiij belles 

The grete bell in bredithe iiij foote and hallfe a inche | 
in depthe iij foote and v inches and in thycknes iij inches 
| The second in bredthe iij foote viij inches in depthe 
iij foote ij inches iij quarters in thycknes, ij inches and 
iij quarters of an inche. | The thyrde in bredthe iij foote v 
inches | in depthe iij foote and hallfe and inche and in thyck- 
nes ij inches and a hallfe, The fourthe bell in bredthe ij 
foote xj inches, in depthe ij foote v inches, and in thyckness 
ij inches and a quarter of a inche 

f Commyttedd to the custodye and saffe kepyng of Thomas 
Bryd vicare there Thomas Allyn and John Mathew f 
[Signatures as before] 



1 1 In later hand. 
22 Struck out. 



FOR BEDFORDSHIRE. 7 

[Salford.] 

Salford 

The invetory indentyd of all manner of plate jewelles 
vestmentes and belles belongyng to the paryshe church of 
Salford in the count[ie] of Bedford] maid the second day of 
September in the syxt yere of the reyng of o r sovereygn 
lord Edward the syxt by the grace of God by the curat 
churchwardens and dyvers other of the dyscrete and moost 
substancyall men of the said paryshe appoynted for the same 
and also examyned by the kynges maiesties commyssyoners 
in that behalf assigned whose names to eyther part of the 
said invetory are subscrybyd 

The names of the presenters 
Roger Browgh Vicar 

^ ,-P [church [wardens] John Lovell townesman 

George 1 ownes J 

In primis one chales and one patent of Sylver percell gylt 
weyng ix ownces 

Item of laten one crosse and ij candelstykkes one crosse 
clothe of grene sylke and one banner clothe of grene sylk 

Item iiij vestmentes one of blew velvett one of whyte 
sylk and ij of rede and whyte and ij copes one of rede sylke 
and one of dyvers colors 

Item in the steple of the said church iij belles the great 
bell in compas too yeardes and di in deapth iij quarters and 
a nayle The second in compasse ij yerdes and a quarter 
in deapth iij quarters The third in compasse ij yerdes in 
deapth iij quarters save a nayle 

Item the said church f and steple f coveryd with lede and 
the chancell and porch tyled 

f Item ij hande belles f 

f Committed to the custodie and safe kepynge of Roger 
Broughe vicare there John Odell and Thomas Butler f 
[Signatures as before] 



THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES 



[Tingrith.] 

Tyngrythe 

The inventory indentyd of all maner of plate vestimentes 
ornamentes and belles belongynge to the parryshe of 
Tyngrythe in the counte of Bedford maid the seconde day 
of September in the syxt yere of the rayne of our soverand 
lorde kynge Edwarde the syxt by the curat churche wardens 
and dyveres other of the said parryshe appoyntyd for the same 

In primis too chalyces of sylver percell gylt weynge xxj 
ounces 

Item vj alter clothes and vj towelles and one pyllow 

Item of coper one pyxe and one crosse 

Item iij clothes in paynes red and yelow for the alter 

Item ij candylstykes 

f Item iii coopes verye olde f 

Item vj vestimentes 2 and too copes 2 f one white damaske 
and one other grene and the other iiij verie olde f 

Item in the stepull of the said churche iij belles weynge 
by estymation xxv hundred wyght 

Item all the said churche f chauncell and steple f coveryd 
with ledde 

The names of the presenteres 

Patryk Lyntone persone Wylliam Bunkar | Wylliam 
Andrew the churche wardens | Symon Lowynge | Thomas 
Wytt the townes men 

f Commytted to the custodie and safe kepynge of Simont 
Lowyn William Bonker and William Andrewe f 
[Signatures as before] 

2 2 Struck out. 



[Tilsworth.] 

Tyllysworth 

The Inventorie indentide of all maner of plate 
jewelles vestymentes ornamentes and belles belongynge 



FOR BEDFORDSHIRE. 



to the parrishe churche of Tyllysworth in the counte 
of Bedf[ord] made the second day of September in the 
vjth yere of the reigne of our sovren lord kinge Edwarde 
the syxte by the curate churchwardens and dyveric othere 
of the dyscrete and most substancyall men of the seid 
parishe appoyntyde for the same and also examynede by 
the kynges maiestes commyssionres in that behalffe assigned 
whoos names to eithere parte of the seyde inventorie are 
subscrybid 

In primis of sylver one chalice parcell gylte weynge 
eyght ounces 

Item ij alter clothes 

Item iij vestymentes one of wytte fustyan and one of 
rede sylke and a nother of grene sylke 

Item iij copes one ys grene sylke a nother ys blew 
and the othere ys lyned with youlow bockeram 
f Item oon surplesse f 

Item in the staple of the seide churche iij bellys beyng 
by estimatioon xxx hundred weyght 

Item the churche body and the chauncell ys tyled ande 
the Ilye thereof f and the stepulle f ys leddid 

The names of the The names of the presenters 

commissioners Robt Low Vicare 

Robt Bonyon 
Thomas Grome 

Churchwardens 
John Pendley 
Thomas Carter 

Townsmen 

f Commytted to the custodie and safFe kepyng of 
Robert Bounyon and Thomas Grome f 
[Signatures as before] 



[Westoning.] 

Westonyng 

The inventorie indentid of all maner of plate jewelles 
vestmentes ornamentes and belles belongyng to the parishe 
church of Westonyng in the counte of Bedford made the 



IO THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES. 

second day of Septembre in the syxte yere of reyn of our 
soverene lorde kynge Edwarde the syxte, by the curate 
churche wardens, and dyver other of the discrete and most 
substantiall men of the sayd parishe apponted for the same 

In primis too chalices of sylver percell gylte weyng xviij 
ounces and a halfe 

Item of lynnyn syxe alter clothes iij towelles ij hangyng 
and ij crosse clothes 

Item of laten too candelstyckes and a bason 

Item ij censers of latyn and a herse clothe 

Item a xj vestmentes one of grene velvett one blew 
satten one of white saten one of red sarcenet one of grene 
damaske one of red seye one of red saten one of grene thred 
one of blew threde one broches and flowers and one other of 
blacke sey 

Item v coopes one of blew saten one of red sarcenett one 
wroght in the frame of threde one other of blew saten and 
one other of grene branched damaske 

Item in the stepull of the seyd churche iiij belles, to of 
the seyd belles weyng by estymation xvij hundred and 
a half, the other to gret belles xxti hundred by estimation 
and a saunce bell, to hand belles 

Item the churche f chauncell steple and porche f all 
covered with leed Item to sacaryng belles 

Item ij surplesses and to rochettes 

The names of the presenters 

John Frances vicar Rychard Punter Rowland Dyxe 
churchewardens Edmonde Parsons Henry Wattes 

f Committed to the custodie and safe kepynge of John 
Fraunces vicare there Richard Punter and Edmonde Parsons f 



HUNDRED OF BARFORD. 



[Eaton Socon and Wyboston.] 

Eton cum Wyboston 

Thys inventory of the churche goodes there endentyd the 
xjxth day of August the vjt yere of the reynge of cure 
soverynge lord Edwarde the syxtt by the grace of God kyng 
of Englond Fraunce and Ireland defender of the faythe and 
of the churche of Englond and alsoo Irelond in erthe 
the supreme hed and presentyd the sayme day and yere at 
Bedford to the kynges maiesties comyssioners by Thomas 
Alcoke vicar John Tynggay and Nicolas Yssott churche 
werdens ther Wylliam Stott Jamys Bercoke Thomas Tynggay 
inhabytaunttes of Eton a fore sayde 

Fyrst one chalys of sylver doble gyltt weyng xv owunces 
Item one chalys of sylver parcell gyltt weyng viij owunces 

t q a di f 

A crosse of sylver parcel gylt weyng Ixviii owunces 

One payre of sylver sensure with a shyp of sylver weyng 
xxxviti ounces 

On pyx of coper gyltyd 

A cope of cremyssyn velvett 

One other cope of whytt damaske wythe decon and 
subdecon of the sayme 

Item a cope of blewe damask with decon and subdecon 
to the sayme 

Item one cope of gold and velvett with decon and sub- 
decon to the sayme 

Item one vestment of tawny sylke with decon and subdecon 

Item iij vestmentes for everye day and ij crosclothys of 
greyn sarsnet 

One baner clothe ij lectron clothes | one pylloo for the alter 



12 THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES 

A vayll of lynnyn clothe xii towylles v belles in the 

stepyll and a sanctes bell 

f The churche chauncell and steple covered with leadde 
Committed to the custodye and kepinge of Thomas 

Alcock vicarr there John Tyngay Nicholas Isatt and 

William Scott f 

[Signatures as before.] 



HUNDRED OF REDBOURNSTOKE. 



[Cranfield.] 

Cranfield 

[Inventory in]dentyd of all manner of plate jwelles 
vestmentes ornamentes and belles belongy[ng to the 
churche of Cranfeiljd in the count[ie] of Bedf[ord] maid 
the second day of Septembre in the syx[t yere of our 
Soverjeng lord Edward the Syxt by the grace of God 
of Ynglond France and I[reland Kyng defender of] the 
fayth and in earth supreme heade of the same church of 
Ynglond and Irelond . . . obert Harreson II churchwardens 
Wylliam Purrear John Sug r II and Harr . . . William 
Sylkes townesmen II and dyvers other of the dyscrete and 
moost substancyall men [appoynted] for the same and also 
examyned by the Kynges maiestis commysyoners 

[g]ylt tnre chaleces with their patentes weyng 

fyfty ounces and half 

church iiij belles and as ances bell the wayght 

of the fyrst bell by ... second xi. C. thyrd xv C the 
fowrth xviij C the sances bell dj C. . . . [c]hurch conteyn- 
yng in weyght viijli ... of latten with iij small 

belles < ij crosses of latten ij sensors of latten and iiij 
candlestykkes of brasse 

[Item one] cope of rede velvett and vestment of the 
same with albe and dubbynges one cope of grene sylk . . . 
chesebelles of the same ij albys with dubbynges l one vest- 
ment of whyte chamlett ... the same one cope bawdkyn 
a vestment of the same ij chesebles and iij albes II ij old 
cop . . . damask II ij clothes of sylk to hang before thalter 
thone of red and whyte saten . . . rede and grene damask 



u 



i.e., apparels. 



14 THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES 

II iiij vestmentes of grene dornykes with albys II one old 
. . . [re]de sylke and vestment of the same and one rede 
sylk vestment and ij crosse clothes of sylk 

vij alter clothes and vij towelles and iij syr- 

pleces one payre of organs the said churche ys coveryd 
with lede and chauncell also 

f . . . the custodie and safe kepynge of William Purrear 
John Sugar Henry Wh. . . f 

[Signatures as before] 



HUNDRED OF WIXAMTREE. 

[Farndish.] 

Farndyshe 

The Invytorie off the churche goodes off Farndysche 
made the xviij daye off August the syxte yere off 
oure sovereyne lorde Edwarde the syxt by the grace 
of God off Englond Fraunce and Irelond kyng defender 
off the faythe and in erthe off the churche of Englond 
and Irelond supreme heddes by Wylliam Lordisman 
persone of the same towne John Fyssher Wylliam 
Wede churchewardens there and Roger Wysseman 
Reynolde Bett John Poweres off the sayde towne of 
Farndische 

Fyrst one chalyce off sylver with a paten to the same 
weight xij ounces and di 

One cope off dune velvett imbrothered with golde 
One cope off whight sylke two vestementes one off 
satyn off burges thother of wight chamlet 
Thre belles in the stepull and a sanctes bell 
The seyde churche off Farndische and the chauncell ys 
coweryd ovre with ledde 

f Committed to the custodye and safe kepinge of 
William Lordesman personne there John Power and 
William Wede f 

[Signatures as before] 

[Stagsden.] 

Stacheden in com [county] Bed[ford] 

The Inventory endented of all the ornamentes and 
churche goodes there remaynynge beynge presented before 
the kynges maiesties commissioners by Robert Slyngesby 



1 6 THE EDWARDIAN INVENTORIES 

clarke vycar there Thomas Colston gent Wylliam Bolton 
Alexander Yerle Wylliam Money inbytauntes of the same 
towne at Bedford the xviijth day of Auguste in the sixte 
yere of the reigne of our sovereign lorde kynge Edwarde the 
sixte 

Rye Cocke ) ~, , , 

fj c } Lhyrchewardenes 

George oaunsam J J 

In primis one chalyce of sylver percell gilte weyng xvj 
ounces 

Item one crosse of latten gylted 

Item one sylke cope of chesable and one amys with an albe 

Item iij fruntes and ij counter fruntes 1 of sylke 

Item ij corporas 2 clothys 2 cases one of clothe of golde 
thother of velvett 

Item one sute of redde vestymentes with a cope of sylke 

Item ij coffers 

Item iiij belles in the steple 

The churche and the steple covered leade and the 
chauncell covered with tyle and slate 

f Committed to the custodye and safe kepinge of Robt 
Slingesbye vicar there Thomas Colston and William Bolton f 
[Signatures as before] 



1 i.e. upper frontals. 2 2 erased. 



MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 
BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 

Ex. K. R. Ch. Goods V 
[Meppershall.] 

Ornamentes belongyng to the churche of Mepersale 
and solde and deteyned by Thomas Stringer of the same 
Fyrste one chalesse parcell gylte solde] 

unto Leonard Daye for xx crownesf iiijH xixs 
somme 

Item one cope and a vestment of reddj 
velvett solde to Sir Henrye Graye J * 

Item one handebell solde to Leonard Daye xvjd 

Item the same Thomas detayneth the 
veile the coveringe for the roode and 
the canapye of clothe and frenged 
with sylke The same Thomas dyd 
deface a grayle belongyng to the said 
churche and he hathe allso serteyne 
other albes and alter clothes and will 
not restore the same 

And when the pore demaunde the same he revileth 
them and caleth them begarlye knaves and evill 
entreteth them 

[In another hand.] 

Item iij gret cofers coverd with ieron by estimacion 

valewd xxxiijs iiijd Summa vij'i xiijs viijd 
Exhibited by William Rolf of Mepersall 

[In right margin in another hand.~\ 

In hys kepynge and makyth part for beddes and part 
for hangynges paynted 



1 8 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

[In left margin in another hand.~\ 

Nota the same Thomas shalbe bounden by rec[ognis- 
ance] to provyde a new canapie of sarcenett or 
satten of bridges on thisside the furst of Aug[ust] 
the commyssyoners certyfycate of Beddfordshyre 
beyng serched the xixth daye of June annis ijdo 
et iipo itt apperyth that liiijs viijd for the broken 
chalyce the cope of taffyta and latten was paid 
to the commyssyoners handds by the said Thomas 
Strynger and is chareged within the summe of 
cccviijli iiijd for the churchegoodes of Beddforde- 
shyre 

[On another sheet. .] 

After ower hertye comendacions | Forasmuche as we 
are credeblely informed that you onyustelye reteygne in 
youre handes certeyn churche goodes somtyme belongyng 
to the parysshe churche of Mepersale in the countye of 
Bedd[ford] Thise shalbe therfor to requyre you : And on 
the Kynge and the Qwenes maiestyes behalffe streytlye to 
commaunde you by the vertue of there Highnes commyssyon 
to us dyrected that you personallye appere byfore us att 
Westm[inster] in the late Augmentacon courte the fyrste 
daye of the nexte Trynytee terme : to make answere to 
suche poyntes and artycles as then shalbe obiected ageynst 
you consernynge the sayd goodes Fayle you nott hereof 
att youre perylle 

From Westminster] the xvj th of Maye 1556 

Yor lovynge Frendes 
William Berners. Tho : Mildmay. John Wyseman 

[Endorsed] 

To Thomas Strynger of Mepersale in the countye of 
Bedd[ford] yoman be this delyvered 

[On another sheet."] 

The declaration of Thomas Strynger of Mepersale within 
the countie of Bedf[ord] yoman of for and concernynge hys 
dyscharge of any churche gooddes supposed to be by hym 
defrauded contrarye &c 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 19 

Inprimis the seid Thomas sayethe that aboughte a vjt or 
vijt yeares past that he the seid Thomas and one Gowther 
Parker yoman of the same towne nowe decessyd were then 
churchewardens of the seid churche of Mepersall and at 
suche tyme and when they were commaunded by the kynges 
commyssyoners at that tyme appoynted to cum before them 
and to brynge with them a lawfull inventory of all suche 
churche gooddes and stockes of money as then were belongynge 
unto the churche of the seid parrysshe wherof they then as 
churche wardens was charged with all where uppon the seid 
churche wardens amonge other many churche wardens of other 
parrysshes dyd not only appeare at Luton but also at Clyfton 
and at the seid towne of Clyfton then dyd delyver unto one 
Sir Michaell Fyssher knyght and other then commyssyoners 
appoynted one certen inventory of all the churche gooddes 
at that tyme belongynge the same churche of Mepersale 
aforeseid yn the which inventory were conteyned were 1 
conteyned l all thes parcelles followynge that ys to saye one 
chales with a patent a blacke velvett cope with a vestment to 
the same belongynge a redde saten cope and a whyte vest- 
ment to the same with certeyn awbes and aulter clothes the 
number of the wiche certenly are not yn ther knowledge and 
also v belles and also expressed yn the seid inventory at the 
same tyme that the churche was ledded and the chauncell 
tyled and as for the seid stocke of money above specyfyed 
to his remembraunce he sayethe dothe amounte unto xxx* or 
xls or there aboughtes which was delyvered by the seid 
churche wardens unto the Ordenary longe before the 
makynge of the seid inventory And farder the seid Thomas 
sayethe that after the seid inventory presented and before 
any gooddes delyvered by the vertewe of the same inventory 
that the seid Gowther Parker and the seid Thomas Strynger 
uppon ther accomptes makynge were dyscharged and one 
John Strynger and Harry Meade then newly ellected and 
chosen churchwardens &c After which election and aboughte 
a iij yeres past they were commaunded amonge other to 
appeare before newe commyssyoners then for the ornament of 
the churche appoynted for to appeare before them at Bedford] 
with all the ornamentes before specyfyed within the seid 
inventory at which tyme the seid churchwardens then beynge 



2O MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

dyd make delyvere accordyngly as all other churchewardens 
were compelled to do the lyke and the same And this the 
seid Thomas Strynger sayethe and more yn the premisses he 
cannot say trustynge that yt ys suffycyent for his declaration. 
And forasmyche as yt ys to be supposed that one John 
Leventhorpe the elder gent of Mepersale aforeseid shold be 
the one of the procurers of this byll ayenst hym he sayethe 
he must nedes utter thynges ayenst the seid Levernthorpe 
that he wolde not gladly have don excepte commaundement 
had compelled to do therunto of for and concernynge the 
ymbeaselynge of certeyn gooddes which neyver were put into 
the intoventory and all by the lett and doynge of the seid 
Leventhorpe which parcelles so ymbeaceled by the seid 
Leventhorpe be as after followethe. 

Inprimis he had a saunce bell hangynge yn the belfrey 
and converted the same to his owne use and neyver payd 
one peny therfore and by estymacon worthe to be sold 
iiij markes or there aboughtes [vs.] l 

Item he had yn lyke manner a whyte satten cope braunched 
and a vestment to the same worthe vli to be boughte and 
payd therfore never a peny [xxs.] 

Item he had ij other vestmentes one of Lyons blewe and 
whyte and the other of redde satten pryce to be sold xl or 
there aboughtes. [xxs.] 

And farder sayethe that when he and an other ioyned with 
hym as churche wardens made awaye yn his tyme so beynge 
made away a gate howse to his owne commoditie only 
worthe vijs or viij s And also consumed the stocke of a iiij 
markes or there aboughtes of redy money and never wold 
accompt unto the parrysshe for any peny therof nor never 
at this day for any thynge that the parysshe could do and also 
kepe the churche boke from them for that yntent wherby 
the parrysshe ys hyndered for other thynges for the profett 
of the same, [xlvjs viijd] 

Summa 2 iiijli xjs viijd 2 Ixxjs viijd 

And for asmyche farder as the nolle trewthe shall appeare 
the seid Thomas declarethe farder what thynges have ben 
don by the nolle consent of the parrysshe at and before the 

J The prices in square brackets have been added in the margin. 
2 2 Erased. 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 21 

makynge of the fyrst inventory that ys to say they dyd sell 
one olde broken chales pryce [erased^ and there made to the use 
of the same parrysshe churche iiijli of redy money and parte of 
the seid money bestowed afterwardes by consent and advyse 
of the ordynary for the relyeffe of the poore of the parrysshe 
and the reparacons of the churche And at the delyvere of 
the churche gooddes the commyssyoners dyd cast the seid 
parrysshe yn arrerages for the seid churche gooddes iijli 
savynge viijd | which money was payd owte of hand before 
the retorne of the commyssyoneres and what shyftes the seid 
parrysshe by ther holle consentes dyd make for the helpe of 
themselfes for the repayment ayen of that money that was 
payd the seid Thomas Strynger do remytt that unto the 
reporte of the hoolle parrysshe and nothynge was don yn the 
premisses but only the seid Leventhorpe beynge [erased] 
was made pryvye ther unto and so an ende And more 
the seid Strynger sayethe not for this tyme nor more cannot 
saye otherwyse than the holle parrysshe do knowe than the 
holle parrysshe do knowe [sii\. 

[Endorsed] 

Leventhorppe 

[On another sheet. ,] 

After moost hertye commendacions this shalbe to sygnyfye 
unto yoe all that where lately yoe dyrected yor lettres yn 
all yo r thre names unto a neyghbo r of myne one Thomas 
Strynger of Mepersale within the shyere of Bedt[ord] yoman 
wyllynge hym and also on the Kynge and the Quenes behalfe 
straytly do commaunde hym to appeare before yoe personally 
at Westmr yn the late Augmentacion Courte the fyrst daye 
of Trynytie terme to make answer to suche poyntes and 
artycles as then shalbe abiected ayenst hym concernynge 
the churche gooddes and this yor doynge as yt shold seme 
to be by vertewe of ther hyghnes commyssyon as by yor 
lettres date the xvi th of Maij more playnlye apperethe 
Pleasethe yoe all to understonde that the procurers of this 
byll be not neyther fryndes nor lovers unto the seid 
Stryn[ger] but only that that they do yf yt were for the 
zeale of justyce orelles for any goodde wyll that they beare 
towardes the furnyture of ther churche they were worthey 
sum prayse as I do knowe the qualytyes of thos persons re 
be to the contrary and that that they do they do yt of pout 



22 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

malyce and that wyll sumwhat appeare by the delyvere of 
yo r lettres for they never delyvered them untyll Weddyns- 
day last next before the daye of apparaunce and yet they be 
all of one towne dwellynge And forasmyche as my 
neyghbor ys an olde man and not used to jorney and that 
also I unworthely amonge other of the worshypfull as I 
suppose are yn lyke commyssyon within owr shyre of 
Bedt[ord] of and for the churche gooddes and other thynges 
I have called the seid partie before me and have declared 
the contentes of yor lettres before hym and uppon dewe ex- 
amynation therin had before me and other of the commys- 
syon have taken his answer concernynge the premisses yn 
wrytynge to the yntent to take suche order eyther by yo e or 
by us accordynge as occasion shall serve uppon the seid 
answer wiche answer at my cummynge upp within a day or 
twoo yn the begynnynge of this terme I shall shewe unto 
yoe all trustynge yn the meane tyme that yoe wyll not 
be offended for hys non apparance Thus byddynge yoe all 
moost hertely fare well from Alrychesey the iijde of June by 
yo r assuryd at all tymes to commaunde 

J. Th. Hemyng 

[Endorsed] 

Churche goodes perteynyng to the parishe of Mepersale in 
com Bedd[ford] 
Informasion agenst Stringer 

To the Ryghte Worshipfull William Berners Thomas 
Myldmay and John Wyseman Esquyers and to every of 
them at London be this d[elivere]d. 

[The following are all on one sheet of paper. ~\ 
Ex. K. R. Ch. Goods f 

[Luton.] 

William Perott of Luton and others of the same parisshe 
for a paxe of silver with a pece of mother of perle p'oz 
v oz di. A pixe of silver and gylte with a doble glasse p'oz 
xxiij oz di. ij challesses with there pattentes doble gylte p'oz 
xlv oz solde by Edward Crawley John Punter sometyme 
churchewardens there by the concent of the parisshe as is 
affermed 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 23 

(right margin) 

xviij mercij 1555 

A paxe and a pixe and ij challesses of silver 

(left margin) 

x mo mercij a 1555 William Perot apperinge hath affirmed 
upon his oth that he ys not the partie alledgyng that this 
Perot ys ded and therfor processe sent by Perott to John 
Crawley executor to Edward Crawley 

(right margin) 

John Crawley executor of the said Edward Crawley 
appering hath brought forth an accompte of his said Testator 
and therof it apperyth that he chargith hymself to the 
churche with xvli for the said percelles whiche was ymployed 
aboute the new makynge of an ile of the churche and he 
hath the fyrst of the term to bringe the seid xvli yf he can 
gett it of the parysshe 

(bottom of sheet) 

John Crawley for the parcelles above remembrid xvli 
wherof allowed to the said Crawley for repairing of the Ile 
of the churche of Luton aforsaid by the discresiones of the 
comissioners viijli vj s viijd and yt ys due vjli xiijs iiijd whiche 
somme ys allowed by the said commissioners with this con- 
dicon that the said Crawley shall provyde and buye orna- 
mentes for the said par[ish] churche of Luton as doth amounte 
to the said somme of vjli xiijs iiijd whiche John Gwynneth 
vicare there in the presence of the bysshoppe of Ely hath 
undertaken shalbe don by midsomer next 

(left margin) 

Md The xijth of June anno ijdo e t tercio the said John 
Gwynneth hathe certyfyed the said commyssioners by his 
lettre that the said Crawley hathe bought certeyn orna- 
mentes for the churche of Luton to the valewe of vjli xiijs 
iiijd or above 



24 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

[Stretley.] 

John Carter of Stretley clarke and others of the same 
parisshe for the price of a great belle solde by Rychard 
Norton and John Norton churchewardens there by the 
concent of the parisshe as is affirmed for the some of xli 

(right margin) 

Wherofr they have bestowed upon the leadynge of the 
churche iiijli and so remayneth vjli to be paid the xvth 
of Maye next whiche said summe of vjli ys paid to Nicholas 
Brighame one of the Tellers of thexchequyre Termino 
pasche AO iido e t iij c per p[resentem] v . . . tallium 
primo pasche vz xijmo die maii anno ijdo e t iip penes 
Thomam Morton, gent, and therupon the obligacon was 
discharged]. 

(left margin) 

xxij Aprilis 1555 Thomas Norton of All Hallows apperyde 
for the hole paryshe 

[Houghton Conquest] 

The parcelles appeare within 

Johan Conqueste of Houghton Conquest in the seid 
countie widdowe executrix of the testament of Edmond 
Conquest Esquier deceassed for the price of ij challesses of 
silver one coate of crymysen velvet called Jhus cope one 
payer of organs one sute of vestment of white damaske one 
cope of blewe velvet one crymysen velvet cote with juelles 
called or ladyes coate one belle clapper one Oh wayght of 
leade and xllib waxe of the seid churche goodes taken 
awaye by Edmond Conquest her late husbond 

(left margin) 

viijvo Febre a 1556 For asmoche as John Nudegate 
gent appering before the commyss[ioners] the same daye and 
yere bringing with hym a testimoniall from the most 
substanciall of thole parish and John Holstok parson of 
Houghton who upon theyr othes have deposed before the 
seid commissioners] that sundrie parcelles of plate and 
ornamentes to the value of xxxijli vj s viijd and by the seid 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 2C 

Johane Conquest delivered to thuse of the seid parish 
churche of Hough ton in recompense of the seid parcelles of 
plate ornamentes &c taken by her seid husbond Ed[mond] 
Conquest as aforeseid and therefor here discharged 

(right margin) 

Appering by John Nudegate gent the xvij of Marche hath 
day to make aunswere for the seid gentlewoman or to pay 
for the goodes as they shalbe valued the furst day of the 
Easter terme nexte. 

[Willington] 

Thomas Verney of Willington Esquier husbond unto 
Anne late wyfe of William Gostwick Esquier late brother 
to Sir John Gostwick deceassed and executrix of the testa- 
ment of William Gostwick her late husbond for the price 
of a crosse of silver and gylte and one payer of crewettes 
of silver solde for xviijli and a cope of clothe of golde with 
vestment deacon and subdeacon worth by estimacion xxK one 
challes p'oz -xvj oz. A sute of vestmentes of white damaske 
price liij s iiijd whiche parcelles the commissioners thinke 
that the vicar of Willington didde present of malice 

(right margin) 

xl!i xiij s iiijd in money and xvjoz plate 
This ys discharged per certificate from Mr Barone Luke and 
others. 

(left margin) 

The seid Verney bying fallen sycke ot an agewe as Mr. 
Secretary Perse hath certefyed hath daye to aunswer the 
fyrst of the next terme. 

[On the verso of the same.] 

Com. Bedf[ord]. 

{all guylte Diiijxx xv oz \ d[elivere]d to Sir 

parcell gylte Dcciiijxx x ij oz f Fraunces Jobson 
one little purse with xxij litle ( Master of the Juel- 
buttons of silver ) house 

Ornamentes of clothe of golde and tissewe xiiij peces 
d[elivere]d to Arthure Stourton Esquier 

Redy money CCCviij 1 ' iiij s delyvered to Sir Edmond 
Peckham Knight 



26 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

[Dunstable.] 

Robert Merick John Davye James Tydye and William 
Thorppe of Dunstable for the price of a crosse of silver 
parcell gylte solde by Richard Burton and Edmond 
Carpenter sometyme churchewardens of the same towne and 
omytted oute of theire inventorye of Dunstable 

(right margin) 

j crosse of silver parcell guylte 

The parties appering the xviijth of Marche doo confesse 
upon theyr othes the sale of the seid crosse to be made in 
anno 1 54 1 and the money therof commyng bestowed upon 
their church. 

[Harlington] 

John Spicer alias Elder and Richard Mathewe of Harling- 
ton in the seid countie for the price of a challice of silver 
p'oz. xij oz Ixiijs iiijd and for a payer of orgaynes xls solde 
by Richard Hawkins and John Nayshe churchewardens 
there by the concent of the parisshe as hit is affirmed 

(right margin) 

xviiju Marcii 

ciijs iiijd 

The said parties appering do saye upon their othes that 
the said orgaunes remayne in the churche furnyshed and 
therfor here allowed xls and for Ixiijs iiijd they be orderyd 
to paye it whiche ys paid to Nicholas Brighame as appereth 
by the bill remayning 

[Toddington.] 

John Holbeche George Ref and Robert Markham of 
Todington in the seid countie for a silver crosse gylte one 
pyxe of silver gylte a litle sylver dishe, sencers of silver and 
one challes of silver the value whereof they knowe not 
solde by the seid John Holbeche and one William Reynold 
churchewardens there by the concent of the parisshe as is 
affirmed 

(right margin) 

i crosse a pixe a litle dishe sencers and a challes of silver 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 27 

(left margin) 

Marcij 1555 The parties appering have deposed 
that the said goodes were sold xiij yeres past and con- 
verted to thuse of the churche as dyd appere by accompt 
therof shewed and by cause the said parcells were omyted 
out of the inventorys taken in Kynge E[d ward's], dayes they 
are discharged 

[On a separate sheet] 

[Luton.] 

To the Worshipfull William Earners Thomas Mildmaye 
and John Wyseman Esquyres the Kynges and Quenes 
maiestes comissioners 

This bill made the x*h day of June in the second and 
third yeres of the reignes of our souerainge lorde and ladye 
King Phillipp and Queue Mary ys to certefye your wor- 
shipps that for the accomplishment of the order taken with 
John Crawley one of thexecutours of Edwarde Crawley 
sometyme churchewardeyn of the parishe church of Luton 
in the countye of Bedford for the bestowing of vjli xiijs iiijd 
uppon some necessary ornamentes for the saide churche 
There is bestowed by the saide Crawley uppon a cope and a 
vestment of blew velvett with that belongeth unto them 
fyve poundes There is also layed oute and bestowed uppon a 
chalys twenty nobles and odd money And this is doon at 
the charge ; and request l of the saide Crawley 

per me Johannem Gwyneth 
vicarium ibidem. 

1 l Struck out. 

[On a separate slip attached] 

[Houghton Conquest] 

Com. Bedf[ord]. 
in money Ixs 

ij chalyces viijil 
a cope of blewe velwett xls 

a sute of white damaske xl 



a payer of organs iiij^ 

ower ladyes cote xxvjs viijd 

a nother cote xxvjs viijd 

a belle clapper xiijs iiijd 

xl li waxe xxvj s viijd 

in redye money iiij s xd. 



xxxijli xviijs ijd 

inde 

allocanasprorepar' 
ecclesie 



28 MARION DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

\0n another paper attached to the same.~\ 

Houghton 

Reparacions don by Johan Conquest widowe uppon 
Houghton churche by the commaundement and assent of the 
parrochiners there in recompence and satisfaccion of all 
soche goodes and ornamentes as her late husband Edmond 
Conquest decessed had owt ot the churche of Houghton 
aforsaid 

Fyrst to Stephen Wylson a tyler for all soche worke about 
the churche as apperteyned to his occupacon xlv xjd 

To Thomas Welles a carpenter for that apperteyned to 
his occupacon xxs 

Item to one Pottie a paynter for scryptureng and other 
paynting of the churche which the parrysshe was then com- 
maunded to doe by hym that was then busshoppe l vj li 1 

Item paid for Red leade for the same l vj s viijd l 

Item for lyme 1 xij s viijd 1 

Item for a booke of sarvice v s iiijd 

Item for a byble when the parrysshe werre commaunded to 
have one in the churche x xxiiijs l 

Item for two other bookes and two salters xijs 

Item to Wyllyam Burgon for working about the churche 
xijd 

Summa 1 xijH vijs vijd * iiijli iij s xid 

Item the sayd Johan Conquest hathe for further recom- 
pence given unto the churche since anno primo of the 
Queues maiestie theis percelles following 

Fyrst one challice or sylver the churche beyng robbed and 
not one lefte in ytt of the valewe of yli 

Item a vestement of grene velvet with all that belongethe 
thereunto valewed at xl 

Item one very fay re coope of whyte dammaske poudred 
with spred egles of gold and bordred round about with 
clothe of bawdkyn valewed at xli 

Item one other fayre coope of crymsen velvet also 
powdred with flowers of golde valewed at xli 

Item two greate standing candlestickes iijli vj s viijd 

Item a fronte of red braunched dammaske xl s 

Summa xxxijli vj s viijd 

Summa totalis xliiijli xiiij 8 iij d 

1 l Struck out. 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 2<) 

(Ex. K. R. Ch. Goods Bdle., 14, formerly L. R. Ch. Goods Bdle. 1392, 

File 4 no. I.) 

[Sandy.] 

After commendacons unto your worships the kinge and 
the quene majesties comyssioners, theshalbe to asserteyn you 
for answere accordynge to the tenor of your letter directid 
to us the inhabitauntes of the towne and paryshe of Sandeye 
in the county of Bedf [ord] for ij belles the one wayeng xc. iqr. 
and ixlb. of bell mettell and the other wayeng vijc. xlvijlb. of 
bell mettell which said ij belles were lefte in the churche 
yarde of Sandey by the commaundement of Mr. Robert 
Burgoyn decessid then beynge one of the kynge majesties 
audytors who had all the doynge of the exchaynge of the 
said ij belles and then charged that no persone shulde medle 
with the same belles untill he sent for theym and said that he 
wold discharge us of them at all tymes so that we were not 
charged with the said belles and so shortly after the dethe of 
the said Mr. Burgoyn, Dame Elizabethe Litton, late wiff of 
the same Maister Burgoyn, late wiff of Sir Robert Litton, 
Knyght, also decessyd, and now wyff unto Mr. Thwynno 
commaunded and caused one Michaell Hodgskyn of 
Brodwater in the parishe of Nebborthe in the county of 
Hertf [ord], then beynge bayly unto the said dame Elizabeth 
Litton to fett the said ij belles from Sandey aforesaid with 
his cart unto Nebborthe aforesaid where as the same Lady 
Litton then dwelled. And the said Michaell Hodgskyn 
saythe shortly after the said Lady Litton caused the same ij 
belles to be carryed to London towardes the payment of the 
dettes of her said late husband Mr. Burgoyn. And this the 
said Michaell Hodgskyn who his a lyve at this present will 
witnes and testifie this before whome so ever he shal be 
callid ; for serteyn of us the said inhabytaunces of Sandey 
were with the said Michaell Hodgskyn of late to have the 
trowght theryn who lyke an honest man declayred no lesse 
unto us then is before sayde, and thus we the said inhaby- 
tauntes of Sanday, who have subscrybed our handes here 
under writton in the name of all the inhabitauntes of the 
towne and parishe of Sandey aforesaid, have as well adver- 
tised your worships, by whom the same ij belles were taken 
away as also by whate auctorytie, and further we cannot say 

D 



3O MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

as knowith God who have your worships in his tuystion ; 
from Sandey this xijth of Octobre 1556. 

By yours to commaunde 

Thomas Cater Roger Aldryche 

Wyllyam Francke William Adropere 

Tomas Cater Thomas Wonderwode 

Jhon Bronsoll Thomas Springe 

Thomas Brittyn Rafe Bronsoll 

Thomas Goswell 
Wylliam Carter. 
John Bronsoll 

[Several of these appear to sign with marks] 
[Endorsed] 

To the Right worshipfull Mr. Thomas Myldmay and 
others the kinge and queue majesties commyssioners in 
the paryshe of Saynt Thomas the Apostle in London geve 
these etc. 

[In another hand] 

From Sandy. 

From the towne of Sandye in the countie of Bedf [ord] 
concernyng the accompt of Sir George Gyffard. 

(Ex. K. R. Ch. Goods Bdle. 14, formerly L. R. Ch. Goods Bdle. 1392, 

File 3 no. I.) 

[Willington.] 

After our humble comendaciones unto you. Where in the 
certificate by your L[ordship] and other comessioners in the 
tyme of our late soverayne Lorde kynge Edwarde the vjth 
concernynge churche goodes, hit apperith that Thomas 
Verney of Willington in the countie of Bedf [ord], Esquyre, 
who maryed the wyff of William Gostwyke, Esquyre, late 
brother to Sir John Gostewyke her late husbond, ys to 
aunswere for a crosse of sylver gilte, one payre of cruettes of 
sylver, solde for xviijli. and a cope of cloth of golde with 
vestment deacon and subdeacon worth by estimacon xxli. one 
chalice poz. xvj oz., a suyte of vestmentes of white damask 
prece liijs. iiijd. for the whiche the same Thomas Verney was 
called before us by vertue of comission to us in that parte 
addressed, and forasmoche as he hath alledgyd by his coun- 
cell that the said plate and ornamentes were not ap- 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 3! 

perteynynge to the churche of Willington, nor were not at 
any tyme taken or knowen to be the goodes of the said 
churche, but were the goodes of Sir John Gostewyke, Knyght, 
and were many tymes by his comaundement brought from 
the dwellinge howsse of the said Sir John Gostwyke to the 
churche of Willington aforsaid tyme of the devyne service 
ther and accustomably usyd to be recaryed to the said howsse, 
and that also they do alledge they never were bequethed nor 
geven to the said churche by the said Sir John Gostwyke, 
and were presented onely of malice by the late vicare ther, 
whiche partely ys touched in your certificate. Hit maye 
lyke you callinge the said Mr. Verney before you, the 
vycare and certen of the parisshioners of Willington afor- 
said, to examyne the troth of this matter, and theropon to 
signifye us by youre lettres to the ende that we maye further 
procede in their maiesties service to us commytted, as therby 
we maye take order with the said Mr. Verney or any other 
whom the same shall concerne. And so lokynge for the 
reatourne of your aunswere herin in the begynnynge of the 
last of Julie next we take our leave of you. From West- 
minster the viij t}l of May, 1556. 

Yours assurdly, 
William Berners, Thomas Mildmay, John Wyseman. 

The names of the precenters of the goodes, plate and 
juelles of the parish of Willington aforeseid, John Gostwik, 
gent, Robert Osmond, John Cowper, John Smalle, late 
vicar, concernyng the premisses, and certified under the 
handes of the commissioners in the countie of Bedf [ord], viz. 

Sir John Seint John, Knight, John Gascoigne K[night] 
Urian Brereton, Knight, Nicholas Luke, Essquier, John 
Seint John, Essquier, Lewez Dyve, Ro. Snowe, and John 
Colbek. 

[Endorsed.] 

To the right honerable the Lorde Mordaunt, Sir John 
St. John, Knyght, Nicholas Luke, Esquyre, one of the 
Barones of the Kynge & Quenes Maiesties Exchequyer, 
Lewes Dyve, Esquyre, to three or ij of them goven. 



32 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

(File 3 no. 2.) 

Right wourshipfull pleaseth yt you to be advertysed that 
according to the tenour of your letter unto us directed, we 
have taken the sayenges of souche persons as we thought 
had mooste knolege in the matter wherunto they have sette 
theyr handes, whyche we have sente you herein inclosed wyth 
the same letter, and for so mouche as we can perseave yt was 
done but on malyce. Thus we byd you mooste hertelie 
fare well. 

Nycholas Luke, 
Lewyes Dyve. 

[Endorsed.] 

To the right wourshipfull Mr. Berners and other the 
kynges and queues majesties commyssyoneres thys be 
d[elivere]d. 

File 3, no. 3.) 

Sir John Smalle preste vycer of Kempston and late vycer 
of Wyllyng[ton] in the countie of Bedf [ord] sayeth apon hys 
honesty and fydelyte that he never knew or ded kno any 
maner of gyfte of the cross of sylver and gylte, the crewtes, 
chalys or the westmentes and suyte of cloth of golde and 
damaske to the chyrche of Wyllyngton aforesayde, but 
sayeth that the seyd ornamentes where used in the seyd 
chyrche on hye dayes, and where brougth from the house of 
Wylliam Gostwyke, and so caryed home ayein when, services 
whas done, and further sayeth that the presentment wych he 
consented unto whas onlye apon the presentment of John 
Gostwycke, John Myten and Thomas Myten, he seyd 
presyley that theyr whas a gyfte made by Sir John 
Gostwycke and seyd theyr whas an invertorye theyrof made 
but of hys knolege he knew none for that whas before he 
whas vyker theyr and that he sayeth to be the trewth. 
By me Syr Jho. Small, 

Nycholas Luke, 
Lewyes Dyve. 

Robert Osmond of Wyllyngton one of the seyd presenters 
sayeth on hys fydelyte that he never saw the foresayde 
ornamentes nor no parte of them, nor never knew of any 
gyfte or invetorye of the same, but sayeth that presentment 
wych he joyned wyth the others whas only apon the sayeng 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 33 

of John Gostwycke and Thomas Myten, for he sayeth he 
whas but a servant wyth John Myten in Sir John Gostwyk 
tyme in the seyd towne and this he wylle abyde bye at all 
tymes. 

Nycholas Luke, 

Lewyes Dyve. 

John Couper of the seyd towne of Wyllyngton and one 
of the seyd presenters sayeth on hys honesty in all thyngs 
savying he have sene them caryed in the chyrche and so 
caryed into the house of Sir John Gostwycke as Robert 
Osmond afore hathe sayde that he wylle stonde unto. 

Jhon Cowper. 

Nycholas Luke, 
Lewyes Dyve. 

Sir William Wardd alias Biddenham, clerke, of the ayge 
of Ixxviij yeares or therabowte, sworn and examyned, that 
he kepinge the cure ther a year and a half in Sir John 
Goswikes tyme, and chapleyne ther in the house for the 
space of xvj years, deposethe that as touchinge the cooppe, 
vestment deacon and subdeacon, of clothe of gold, the 
swett of vestmentes of whight damaske, specyfied and 
mentioned in the same presentment, he or his propre 
knowledg never knewe none suche ther duringe all his abide 
ther, and as to the crosse of silver and gillt ennameled, a 
payr of cruettes of silver, a chalece of sylver and parcell 
gillt, he deposethe that the same wer the proper goodes of the 
same Sir John Gostwike, and were brought to the churche 
upon hieth festivall days : and at night caried home again to 
the manner house as the propre goodes of the same Sir John, 
also he wold lend certein of theim to certein other townes 
wher he was lord of, and brought home againe to his house 
at night. And also the said Sir John never in his 1 iff tyme 
did geve, sell, nor bequethe, neyther the said crosse, cruettes 
nor chalice of silver, nor any of theim to the churche of 
Wellington aforsaid, nor to the churchwardens ther, to the 
use of the said churche, by wordd, wyll, nor wry tinge, for he 
saithe he was with the same Sir John untyll he dyed. 

And farther he deposythe that throwght the craftines of 
one William Nyxe ther, beinge parisshe clerke, and after 



34 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

him one John Dawes, beinge also parisshe clerke, ther wer 
certain vestmentes or ornamentes enbeseled to the value of 
iiijor powndes or ther abowtes, wherupon the said Sir John 
comawnded a inventory to be made, that if in case any of 
theim at any tyme after wer lakinge, that the clerk for the 
tyme beinge and the churchwardons also, shuld be always 
answerable to the said Sir John Gostwik for the same. And 
that in confirmation of this present deposition the said Sir 
William Wardd hathe here unto subscribed his name withe 
his owne propre hand. 

by me William Wardd, clerk, 
Nycholas Luke, 
Lewyes Dyve. 

Thomas Leigh of Caldewell in the countie of Bedd[ford] 
esquier, of the age of xl yeres or there aboute, sworne and 
examyned, deposeth, That from the xxixth yere of the raigne 
of Kynge Henrye the Eight untill the daie of the dethe of 
Sir John Gostwike, he was for the most parte resiaunt and 
abidyng with the said Sir John Gostwik, and as to the crosse of 
silver gylt, a paire of crewettes of silver, and the chalice of 
silver and parcell gylt, mentioned in a presentment to him 
redde, he deposeth and saieth that the same were the mere 
propre gooddes of Sir John Gostwik, and never at any tyme 
by the life of the saide Sir John by him geven nor bequethed, 
nether to the churche of Wellington, nor yet to the churche- 
wardeyns there, nor to any other persone or persones there, to 
the use of the saide churche as he dothe very certeinlye know. 
But he saieth that the saide Sir John meny tymes of a devoute 
christien mynde wold commaunde and assigne the saide 
crosse, cruettes and chalice to be caried, used, and occupied 
to and in the churche of Willington on holydaies and 
solemp feastes, and that at night they were brought home to 
his owne howse there and alwaies remaigned in the charge 
and custodye of his servaunt as parcell of his mere propre 
goddes and plate. And also he further saieth as to the cope, 
vestement, decon and subdeacon, of clothe of golde, and the 
suite of vestementes of white damaske mentioned and 
specefied in the saide presentment, that during all the saide 
tyme of his abode with the saide Sir John he never knew 
nor saw any suche in the custodye or possession of the saide 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 35 

Sir John. And that in confirmation of this present deposicion 
the said Thomas Leigh hathe herunto subscribed his name 
with his owne propre hande 

per me Thomam Leigh, manu propria. 
Nicholas Luke, Lewyes Dyve. 

William Denn of Bletsoo in the county of Bedford, yoman, 
of the agge of fyfty yeares, somtymes servaunt to Sir John 
Gostwik deceased, sworn and examyned, deposeth that as 
touchinge the coppe, vestment, deacon and subdeacon, of 
clothe of golld, worthe xxli or above, the swett of vestmentes 
of whight damaske, price iiijr markes, specified and men- 
tioned in the said presentment, he of his propre notice, cer- 
teinly knowethe that the said Sir John Gostwik hadd none 
suche in his possession duringe the space of viij yeares 
befor his dethe, and as to the crosse of syllver and gyllt 
enameled, a payre of cruettes of sillver, a chalece of syllver 
and parsell gillt, he deposeth e, that the same Sir John Gost- 
wik hadd of his own propre goodes, and sometymes the said 
Sir John wolld commawnd the same at hiethe festivall days to 
be browght to the churche, and ther to be sett on the nieth 
aulter, and used and occupied to the better adorninge and 
decoratinge of the churche, to the greter honor and glory of 
God. And at every suche tyme he wolld have the same 
crosse, cruettes, and chalice brought home in to his howse 
of Willington at or before night of the same day and the 
same were keppt in the custody of him, that had the rest of 
his platte and wer accompted of all men as his own propre 
goodes and platte. And also that the said Sir John never 
in his liff tyme did gev, sell, nor bequethe, neither the said 
crosse, cruettes nor chalice of sillver, nor any of theim to the 
church of Willington aforsaid, nor to the churchwardens 
ther to the use of the said churche by word, wyll, nor 
wryting, for he saythe he was withe and abowte the same Sir 
John untyll he dyed, and that in confirmation of this 
present depotition the said William Denn hathe herunto 
subscribed his name with his owne propre hand. 

Wylliam Denn. 

Nycholas Luke. Lewys Dyve. 



36 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

William Fayry of Willington in the county of Bedford, 
yoman, ot the agge of fifty yeares or ther aboute, and 
howshold servaunte withe Sir John Gostwike for the space 
of xiiij yeares, and after parisshinoner in the same towne xiiij 
yeares, sworn and examyned, deposethe that as toching the 
coppe, vestment, decon and subdecon, of clothe of gold, the 
swet of vestmentes of whight damask specifyd and men- 
tioned in the same presentment, he of his propre notice never 
knew none suche ther all the said space, and as to the crosse 
of sillver and gillt enameled, a payre of cruettes of silver, a 
chalice of silver and parsell gillt, he deposethe, that thei were 
the proper goodes of the said Sir John Gostwik, and som- 
tymes the said Sir John wold lend theim to the churche 
upon festivall days, and ther to be used and occupyed, and at 
night brought home againe to the manor howse, farther he 
saythe that in all the said space, he never hard that the said 
Sir John did gyve, sell, nor bequethe, neither the said crosse, 
cruettes, nor chalice of sillver, nor any of theim to the 
churche of Willington aforsaid, nor to the churchwordens 
ther to the use of the said churche, by word, wyll, nor 
wrytinge, for he hathe continewed in the same towne, the 
space of xxviij yeares. Also the said William saithe that 
one John Dawes, somtyme being clerk ther and William 
Sangle, churchwardens, lost certein vestmentes wherupon Sir 
John Gostwik commawdid a inventory to be mad that the 
clerk for the tyme beinge and the churchwardens for the 
tyme beinge shulld be accomptable at all tymes for the same. 
And that in confirmation of this present depotition the said 
William Fayry have sett to his hand. 

Nycholas Luke. 
Lewyes Dyve. 

Thomas Smallwodd of Willington in the County of Bed- 
ford] yoman, beinge of the agge of xl yeares or therabowte 
dewllinge and abidinge in Willington for the space [of] xxx 
yeares, sworn and examyned, that as touchinge the coppe of 
vestment, deacon and subdecon of clothe of gold, the swet of 
vestmentes of whight damask specyfied and mentioned in 
the same presentment, he of his propre notice never knewe 
none suche ther duringe all the said tyme, and as to the 
crosse of silver and gillt enameled, a payre of cruettes of 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 37 

sillver, a chalice of silver and parcell gyllt, he deposethe, that 
thei wer at all tymes the goodes and plat of Sir John Gost- 
wike, and at all tymes remayninge in the manore howse 
sawinge upon certein festivall days, hit was brought to the 
churche and ther occupyed and used, and at night brought 
home againe to the manor howse againe, and that Sir John 
Gostwike in all his lif tyme did nether geve, sell, nor be- 
quethe the said crosse, cruettes, or chalice of silver nor any 
of theim to the churche of Willington aforsaid, nor to the 
churchwardens ther, to the use of the said churche, by wordd 
wyll, nor wrytynge. And that in confirmation of this 
present depotision, the said Thomas hathe herunto sett to 
his hand. 

Nycholas Luke. 

Lewyes Dyve. 

Henry Fissher of Rouhall in the county of Bedford, 
yoman, beinge of the agge of xlix yeares or ther abowte, 
somtymes servaunt to Sir John Gostwike, knight, decessed, 
sworn and examyned, deposythe that as touchinge the coppe, 
vestment, deacon and subdeacon, of clothe of gold, the swett 
of vestmentes of whight damaske, specifyed and mentioned 
in the sayd presentmente, he of his propre notice never 
knewe none suche ther during the space of xviij yeares, for 
so longe he hathe ben servaunt, and always resyaunt in the 
howse of Willington. And as to the crosse of sillver and 
gyllt enameled, a payre of cruettes of sillver, a chalice of 
silver and parcell gillt, he deposythe that the same Sir John 
Gostwike hadd of his ouwn propre goodes, and somtymes 
the said Sir John wold commawnd the same at hiethe festy- 
vall days to be brought to the churche and ther to be sett 
upon the hieth allter, and used and occupyed to the better 
adorninge and decoratinge of the said churche, and at every 
suche tyme he wold have the same crosse, cruettes and 
chalice, brought home in to his howse of Willington at or 
befor night of the same day, and the same were keppte in 
the custody of him that hadd the rest of his platte, and 
wer accompted of all men as his owne propre goodes and 
platte. Allso that the said Sir John never in his lif did geve, 
sell, nor bequethe, neyther the said crosse, cruettes nor 
chalice of silver, nor to the churche, nor to the church- 

E 



38 MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

wardons ther, to the use of the said churche, by wordd, 
will, nor wrytinge, for he saythe he was with and abowte 
the same Sir John untyll he dyed. And that in confirmation 
of this present depotision the said Henry Fissher hathe her- 
unto subscribed his name with his owne propre hand. 

Harry Fysser. 

Nycholas Luke. 
Lewyes Dyve. 

William Bingham of Willington in the countie of Bed- 
ford, yoman, beinge of the agge of liij yeares or ther abowte, 
and clerke of the same parisshe for the space of xj yeares or 
ther abowte, sworn and examyned, that as touchinge the 
coppe of cloth of gold, vestment, deacon and subdeacon, of 
clothe of gold, the swet of whight vestmentes of whight 
damaske, price iiijor markes, he is very certein and sure that 
ther was none suche duringe all the sayd space of xj yeares, 
and as to the crosse of sylver and gillt enamelyd, a payre of 
cruettes of silver, a chalice of silver and parsell gillt, he de- 
posethe that thei wer at all tymes remayninge in the howse, 
and somtyme brought upon festivall days to the church 
and ther occupyed to the settinge forthe of Codes service, 
and at night brought home againe to the manore howse, and 
that hit was never accompted ne taken as none of the 
churchis of Willington ne none of the parisshe at any tyme 
mad cleim therof untyll now of late. And that in confirma- 
tion of this present depotision the said William hathe sub- 
scribed his name withe his .owne hand. 

Wylliam Byngam. 

Nycholas Luke. Lewyes Dyve. 

John Croker of Willington in the county of Bedford, 
servingman, of the agge of forty years or ther abowte, com- 
mynge to service to Willington howse immediately after the 
deathe of Sir John Gostwik, and ther hathe contynued for 
che space of xj years, sworn and examyned, that as touchinge 
the coppe, vestmente, deacon and subdeacon, ot clothe of 
gold, the swett of vestmentes of whight damaske, he cer- 
teinly knoweth that at suche tyme as Mr. William Gostwik, 
esquier, did entre upon the howse and goodes of Sir John 



BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 39 

Gostwike, that ther was no suche ther, for he was ther 
presente at the delyvery of the same. And as touchinge the 
crosse of sylver and gyllt enameled, a payre of cruettes of 
sylver, a chalice of sylver and parcell gillt, he deposethe that 
the said William Gostwike hadd theim allways in his howse 
as his owne propre goodes, and somtyme at hiethe festivall 
days wold command theim to be brought to the churche, 
ether by one of his servauntes or elles by the clerk, and ther 
to be occupyed and used to the better maytennces of Codes 
service, and to the bewtifyinge of the churche, and at night 
thei were all brought home againe unto the manor howse at 
or before night of the same day, for he saythe that he hathe 
delivered theim and receved theim dyvers and sondry tymes 
to the churche and from the churche, and that in all the 
said space of xj yeares, was never accompted as any of the 
churchis nether never none of the parisshe made any claime 
unto theim, untill nowe of late, one John Gostwik with 
other of a malitius and devlisshe mynd intendynge to put 
the said Sir Thomas Verney and the Lady Anne his wif to 
treble, did cawse this same presentment to be made and sett 
forthe, as it is evidently knowen bothe in the towne and 
also in the cowntrey, notwithstandynge the said John Gost- 
wike did set forthe a contrary presentment, and was sworn 
himself to the same befor Fraunces Pigotte, esquier, Edward 
Peke, George Ackworthe, and John Colbecke, gent., com- 
missioners. And that in confirmation of this present de- 
potition the said John hathe subscribed his name with his 
owne propre hand. 

Per me Johannem Croker. 

Nycholas Luke. 
Lewyes Dyve. 

[Endorsed] 

For the plate and ornamentes in Willington in 
Com[County] Bedf[ord] parcell of Mr. Greyes Accompt. 



4-O MARIAN DOCUMENTS RELATING TO 

APPENDIX I. 
[Woburn Abbey] 

Woburn Pryorye 

The inventory of the goodes and chattalles of the seid 
pryorye made the day of August in the xxviij" yere 

of the reign of o r sovereign lord kyng Henry the viii 

ORNAMENTES OF THE CHIRCH 

First a crosse of cooper and gylt . with 1 a lytyll * image of 

Cryst beyng sylver hangyng upon the same crosse 1 iijs 

iiijd 1 

Item upon the high alter ij lynyn alter clothes upon the 
alter and on steyned alter cloth hangyng before the high 
alter viijd. 

Item ij laten candelstykes stondyng before the high alter 
US- 
Item one old writen masse boke and a litill prynted 
masboke ij li 

Item in the vestry . a coope a vestment complete very 
olde with deacon and subdeacon complete all of whight 

damask . of old w r kyng callyd dubbyll damask vjs 

viijd 

Item an old coope a vestment complete with deacon and 
subdeacon complete all of blak for messe of requiem ijl. 

Item an old coope of grene sylk with white fustyan orfras 
xijd 

Item a nother old coope of sylk with orffras of blak and 
sterres in yt viijd 

Item a white vestment of fustyan for lent viijd 

Item a nother white vestment with a crucyfyx upon it 
xxd 

Item ij old chesybilles for vestmentes without albys 

viijd 

Item a lytyll coffer with a crosse in it coveryed with 
plates of sylver and sett with cristalles and other stonys 
wherin ys a pece of the holy crosse and iiij other lytyll 




BEDFORDSHIRE CHURCH GOODS. 4! 

crosses plated with sylver and stones in them and other 
relykes . 'of small value preysid at iijs iiijd 1 

In the Chapell of o r Lady a lynnen alter cloth upon the 
alter and a steyned cloth before the alter iiijd 

Item in the quere oon antyphoner beside other old bokes 
ijd 

[The remainder of the inventory deals with hall, kitchen, 
the contents of the brewhouse, etc.] 



APPENDIX II. 

RETURN OF DEFACED PLATE FROM BEDFORDSHIRE DE- 
LIVERED INTO THE JEWEL HOUSE BETWEEN IST JUNE, 
1553, AND 4TH FEBRUARY, 1554. 

(Ex. K. R. Church Goods, V). 
Cou[n]tie Bedforde. 

Brought into the Juelhouse by Nicholas Luke Barren of 
the Exchequers Lewis Davye and Richard Snowe Com- 
missioners there in plate m h iiij c iiij xx of undefacid 

Being defacid Remayne. 

In guilte V iiij" xv ozl . i;je .- y .. m 

In parcel! guilt vij mj 3 " xij ozj 

iWast iiij xx xiij oz 1 

Receavid more of the same Nycholas Lewke and other a 
litill putse embrawderid and garnishid with small buttons of 
silver and guilt having in it six old grottes. 



In Margin. 



4 2 



APPENDIX II. 



Abbat, Nicholas - 
Ackworthe, George 
Alcoke, Thomas - 
Aldryche, Roger - 
Alyson, William - 
Andropere, William 
Andrew, William 
Barlee, Edmonde 
Bercoke, James - 
Berners, William - 
Bett, Reynolde - 
Biddenham, William 
Bingham, William 
Bolton, William - 
Bonker, see Bunker 
Bonyon, Robert - 
Bounyon, see Bonyon 
Braye, John, Lord 
Brereton, Uryan - 
Brett, John - 
Brighan, Nicholas 
Brittyn, Thomas - 
Bronsoll, John 

Thomas 

Rafe - 
Browgh, Roger - 
Bunker, William - 
Burgoyn, Robert - 

William 
Burt, John - 
Burton, Thomas - 
Richard - 
Butler, Thomas - 
Butterfyld, Thomas 
Byrde, Thomas - 
Cater, Thomas 
Carpenter, Edmund 
Carter, John 
Thomas - 
William - 
Cock, Richard - 
Colbeck, John 
Conqueste, Edmund 

Johan 

Cowper, John 



- 


- 6 


- 


- 39 


- 


II, 12 


- 


- 3 


- 


- 3 


_ 


- 30 
- 8 


- 


2 


- 


II 


- 1 8 et seq. 


- 


- 15 


_ 


- 33 
- 38 
- 16 


- 


- 9 


- 


ix 


- 


ix 


- 


2 


- 


- 26 


- 


- 30 


- 


- 3 


- 


- 3 


- 


- 3 


_ 


- 7 
- 8. 


: 


- 2 9 
- 28 


- 


2 


; 


- 26 


- 


- 7 


_ 


- 6 


m 


- 30 
- 26 


- 


- 24 


- 


- 9 


_ 


- 30 
- 16 


- 


3i, 39 


24, 


25, 28 


- 


3*i 33 1 



Crawley, Edward 22, 23, 27 

John - - 23, 27 

Croker, John - - 38, 39 

Davye, John - - - 26 

Dawes, John - - - 34 

Daye, Leonard - - 17 

Denn, William - - - 35 
Dyve, Lewis - ix, 32 et seq . 

Dyxe, Rowland - - 10 

Ebbes, William - - - i 

Edwardes, John 4 

Exell, William i 

Fayry, William - - 36 

Fissher, Henry - - 37, 38 

Frances, John - - 10 

Franche, William - - 30 

Fyelde, Henry I 

Nicholas - - - I 

Fyssher, John - - 1 5 

Sir Michael - 19 

Gascoigne, John, Kt. - -31 

Colston, Thomas - 16 

Gostwick, Sir John xx, 25, 30, 

et seq. 

William 25,30^^. 

Goswell, Thomas - 30 

Graye, Sir Henry - 17 

Grome, Thomas 9 

Gryggory, Ambrose - - 2 

Gwynneth, John - - 23, 27 

Gyffard, Sir George - 30 

Helder, Ath 3 

John - - - 3 

Harreson, Robert - 13 

Hawkyns, Richard - 3, 26 

Hemyng, J. Th. - - xx, 22 

Hodgskyn, Michael - 29 

Holbeche, John - - - 26 

Holstok, John - - - 24 

Innit, Michael i 
Isatt, Nicholas (see also Yssott) 1 2 

Jobson, Sir Francis - 25 

Jonson, Thomas - - - 2 

Leigh, Thomas - - 34, 35 

Leventhorpe, John - 20 et seq. 



43 



Litton, Elizabeth, Lady 

Robert 
Lordisman, William, - 
Low, Robert 
Lowynge, Symon 
Lyntone, Patrick - 
Luke, Nicholas - -25 
Markham, Robert 
Mathew, John 
Mathew, Henry - 
Mathew, Richard 
Meade, Harry 
Merick, Robert - 
Mildmay, Thomas 18, 
Money, William - 
Mordaunt, the Lord - 
Morton, Thomas 
Myten, John 

Thomas - 
Nasshe, John 
Northampton, William, 

quess of - 
Norton, John 

Richard - 
Nudegate, John - 
Nyxe William 
Odell, John - 
Odell, Thomas 
Osmond, Robert - 
Parker, Gowther - 
Parsons, Edmonde 
Peckham, Sir Edmund 
Pedder, Matthew 
Peke, Edward - 
Pendley, John 
Perrott, William - 
Perse, Mr. Secretary - 
Pigotte, Fraunces 
Pollens, William - 
Pottie, - - - - 
Poweres, John 
Punter, John 

Richard - 
Purrear, William 
Ref, George - - - 
Reynold, William 



- 29 


Rolf, William - - 


- 17 


- 29 


Saunsam, George 


- 16 


- 15 


Scott, William 


12 


- 9 


Seynt John, John 


ix, 31 


- 8 


Shepeherd, Michell 


- 5 


- 8 


Slingesbye, Robert 


15, 16 


et seq. 


Slowgh, John 


2 


- 26 


Smalle, John 


3, 32 


- 6 


Smallwodd, Thomas - 


- 36 


- 6 


Snowe, Richard - 


ix, 41 


3> 26 


Spencer Randoll - 


- 5 


- ^9 


Springe, Thomas - 


- 30 


- 26 


Spycer, John 


3. 26 


2 7 3 1 


Stott, William 


ii 


- 16 


Stourton, Arthur, 


- 25 


- 3' 


Straunge, William 


- 4 


- 24 


Stringer, Thomas xix, 


1 7 et seq. 


32, 33 


Strynger, John 


- 1 9 


- 32 


Thomas 


- '9 


3> 26 


Sugar, John - 


n H 


Mar- 


Syare, Richard 


- 6 


ix 


Sylkes William 


- i3 


24 


Thorpe, William - 


- 26 


- 2 4 


Thvvynno - 


- 29 


24, 25 


Townes, George - 


- 7 


- 33 


Trapnell, John 


i 


- 7 


Tydye, James 


- 26 


- 7 


Tynggay, John - 


II, 12 


3i 3 2 


Thomas 


- I I 


- 19 


Verney, Lady Anne - 


- 39 


IO 


Verney, Thomas - 25, 


30 et seq. 


- 25 


Vincent, William 


i 


- 4 


Wattes, Henry 


- 10 


- 39 


Wardd, William - 


33, 34 


- 9 


Wede, William - - 


- IS 


22, 23 


Webbe, Richard - 


- 4 


- 25 


Welles, Thomas - 


- 28 


- 39 


Willys, Thomas - 


- 4 


- 6 


Wilson, Stephen - 


- 28 


- 28 


Whytbreade, Richard 


2 


- 15 


Wonderwode, Thomas 


- 30 


22 


Wyseman, John - 


1 8 et seq. 


- IO 


Wysseman, Roger 


15 


*3> H 


Wytt, Thomas 


8 


- 26 


Yerle, Alexander - 


- 16 


- 26 


Yssott, Nicholas - 


- u 



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