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December 5th, 1905 



Farm School, Bucks Co., Pa. 

Latest models that 
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Delivered in a week. 

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Riding Habits, Auto Costumes 

123 South Eleventh St. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 

Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, D. D. I. H. Silvkrman. Treasurer, Harry Felix, Secretary, 
President, 605 Land Title Buildng, 262 Apsley Street, 

4715 Pulaski Ave., Philadelphia. Philadelphia. Philadelphia. 


/, the Undersigned^ being in sympathy with the object of the 
National Farm School — the traifiing of capable Boys into skilled 
agriculturists — do hereby agree to subscribe annually^ as one of the 
supporters of the ifistitution^ the dues of a 

LIFE MEMBER {$100.00) PATRON . . . (po.oo) 

FRIEND . . . {$23.00) MEMBER . . . {$5.00) 



Date Proposed by 

NOTE.— Underscore the class of membership you wish to join. Make Checks payable to 

Life Membership calls for but one (the first) payment. The National Farm School. 

Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, D. D. I. H. Silverman. Treasurer, Harry Felix, Secretary, 
President, 605 Land Title Building, 262 Apsley Street, 

4715 Pulaski Ave., Philadelphia. Philadelphia. Philadelphia. 


/, the Undersigned., being in sy7npathy with the object of the 
National Farm School — the training^ of capable Boys into skilled 

agriculturists — do hereby contribute the sum of. dollars 

to the support of the institution. 



Make all Checks payable lo the National Farm School. 


'''' I give and bequeath unto the Natio7ial Farm School., Bucks 

Co.., Pa.., near Doylestowji., the sum of. dollars., 

free from all taxes., to be paid to the Treasurer^ for the time being., 
for the use of the institution.'^'' 


'■'- 1 give and devise unto the National Far^n School., Bucks 
Co.., Pa.., near Doylestown.^ {here describe the property or ground 
rent)., together ivith the appurtena7ices in fee simple., and all policies 
of insurances coveritig said premises^ whether fire., title or other- 
wise., free from all taxes,'''' 



Calendar 1905- 1906 ' , 6 

Cash Donations, Special, Philadelphia, 62 

Cash Donations, Special, New York, 63 

Discipline, 16 

Donations, L,ist of Donations of Goods, Philadelphia, 64 

Donors, Memorial Trees, 63 

Dormitory, New, see Supplementary Report, 30 

Equipment, General, 15 

Faculty, 4 

Hall, New, see Supplementary Report, 30 

Instruction, Course of, 8 

Life Members of National Farm School, 46 

Meeting, Eighth Annual, 18 

Memorial Buildings, 47 

Memorial Exercises and Graduation of Students 34 

Officers of National Farm School, 3 

Program, Daily, 16 

Report, President, 19 

Report, Treasurer, 24 

Report, Director, 27 

Report, Chairman on Applications and Admissions 32 

Report, Chairman of Committee on Farm Products, 31 

Report, Property Committee, 29 

Report, Chairman of Committee on Schoenfeld Farms, 32 

Report, Committee on Supplies, 28 

Rules, House, 16 

SchiflF, Jacob H., Address of 44 

Students, Regulations governing the Admission of, 17 

Students at National Farm School, List of 5 

Studies, Extent of 7 

Subscriptions to Endowment Fund, 55 

Subscriptions to General Fund, 47 

Trees, Memorial, List of, 65 

Officers of National Farm School. 

President, JOSEPH KRAUSKOPF, 4715 Pulaski Ave., Germantown. 
Vice-President. MORRIS A. KAUFM.ANN. 

Secretary, HARRY FELIX, 262 Apsley St., Germantown. 


ARNOLD KOHN, Chairman Committee on Finances. 
HART BLUMENTHAL, Chairman Committee on Library and Supplies.. 
SIMON FRIEDBERGER, Chairman Committee on Property. 
ALFRED M. KLEIN, Chairman Committee on Faculty and Curriculum, 
ADOLPH EICHHOLZ, Chairman Committee on Discipline. 
ABRAHAM ISRAEL, Chairman Committee ou Farm Products. 
ISAAC HERZBERG, Chairman Committee on Schoenfeld Farms. 


Hart Blumenthal, 
Jacob Cartun, 
Adolph Eichhot.z, Esq. 
S. Fei,denheimer, 
Simon Friedberger, 

Isaac Herzberg, 
Abraham Isra'-x, Esq., 
Morris A. Kaufmann, 
Arnold Kohn, 

Howard A. Lofb, 
Jacob F. Loeb, 
Isaac H. Sii^verman, 
Jos. N. Snellenburg, 

Rev. Dr. Jos. Krauskopf, Harry TuTelman. 


Louis I. Aaron, Pitsburg, Pa. 

Simon Bamberger, 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Henry Beer, New Orleans, La. 

I. W. Bernheim, Louisville, Ky. 

Miss Sarah Farmer, Eliot, Me. 
Henry Frank, Natchez, Miss. 

Dr. Samuel Frank, Baltimore, Md. 
Maurice Freiberg, Cincinnati, O. 
Mrs. Jacob Hecht, Boston, Mass. 

A. Hirshheimer, LaCrosse, Wis. 

M, Horkheimer, Wheeling, W. Va. 
Adoeph Lewisohn, New York City. 
Leon Mandee, Chicago, 111. 

Louis Newburger, Indianapolis, Ind. 
E. Raab, Richmond, Va. 

Aeex. Sanger, Dallas, Tex. 

Harris WEinstock, Sacramento, Cal. 
Ferdinand Westheimer, 

St. Joseph, Mo. 


Mrs. Morris Liveright, Chairman, 4258 Parkside Avenue. 
Mrs. Leon Scheoss, Secretary, 1730 Memorial Avenue. 

Mrs. Raeph Beum, 
Mrs. Hart Beumenthae, 
Mrs. Soe. Blumenthal, 
Mrs. Jacob Cartun, 
Mrs. Adolph Eichholz, 
Mrs. Martha Fleisher, 
Mrs. Simon Friedberger, 
Mrs. Morris A. Kaufmann, 
Mrs. Alfred M. Klein, 

Mrs. Joseph Krauskopf, 
Mrs. Howard A. Loeb, 
Mrs. Jacob F. Loeb, 
Mrs. Joseph Loeb, 
Mrs. Isaac H. Silverman, 
Mrs. Joseph N. Snellenburg, 
Mrs. Nathan Snellenburg, 
Mrs. Samuel Snellenburg, 
Mrs. Harry Tutelman. 

Faculty of 1905, 

JOSEPH KRAUSKOPF, D. D., President. 

JOHN HOSEA WASHBURN, Ph. D. (Gottingen), 

Director and Professor of Agricultural Chemistry. 

WILLIAM H. BISHOP, B. Sc, (Mass. Agricultural College), 

Professor of Agriculture, Superintendent of Farm. 

CHARLES P. HALLIGAN, B. Sc, (Mass. Agricultural College), 

Professor of Horticulture, Superintendent of Grounds. 

GEO. E. MERRILL, B. Sc. (Mass. Agricultural College), 

Professor of Agricultural Ph5'sics and Literature, and Mathematics. 

W. G. BENNER, V. S., 

Professor of Veterinary Science and Farm Hygiene. 


Household Principal. 


Assistant in Agriculture. 


Stenographer, and Superintendent of Repairs, 

List of Students at National Farm School^ 

November 1st, 1905. 




Place of Birth. 

Occupation at Tima of 


Condor, I^ouis M. . . 


Baltimore, Md. . . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Horn, Charles .... 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Kriuzmau, Philip . . 


Linden, N. J. . . . 


Attending School. ' 

Neustadt, David M. . 


New York, N. Y. . 


Attending School. 

Norvick, Jacob .... 


Baltimore, Md. . . 


Cigar Making. 

•Ostrolenk, Bernard . 


Gloversville, N. Y. 


Attending School. 

Ratuer, Henry .... 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Rosenblatt, Saul . . . 


Farm School, Pa. . 


Attending School. 


Anderson, Victor . . . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Cigar Making. 

Feinberg, Solomon . . 


New York, N. Y. . 


Attending School. 

Frank, Jr., Harrj- . . 


Natchez, Miss. . . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Green, Meyer .... 


Elizabethport, N. J. 


Attending School. 

Horn, Irving B, . . . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

IvCon, Marcus 


Des Moines, la . . 

United States . , . 

Attending School. 

Miller, Abe 


Corsicana, Texas 


Attending School. 

Rock, Ivonis 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Wiseman, Joseph . . 


Pittsburg, Pa. . . . 


Attending School. 


Brown, Benjamin . . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Cigar Making. 

Chodos, Benjamin . . 


Milwaukee, Wis. . 


Attending School. 

Feldman, Nathan . . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Fleisher, Maximilian 


Doylestown, Pa. . . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

<Joldphan, Samuel . . 


Farm School, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Izgur, I<ouis 


Farm School, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Noback, Chas. V. . . . 


New York, N. Y. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

■Orcutt, Howard R. . . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Rudley, Samuel . . . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Schlesinger, Alphonse 


New Orleans, La. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Schulman, Harrj^ . . 


New Orleans, La. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

-Silver, William .... 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Stern, Isaac 


Baltimore, Md. . . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Stabinsky, Julius . . . 


New Orleans, La. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 


Berg, Harry 


Boston, Mass. . .' . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Dobrin, I. ...... 


Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Friedman, Samuel . . 


New York, N. Y. . 

Russia ....... 

Attending School. 

Jasin, I<ouis 


Cincinnati, O. . . . 


Attending School. 

Klein, Sol. S 


Cincinnati, O. . . . 


Attending School. 

Kline, Benjamin . . . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

I,auchman, Wm. . . . 


Pittsburg, Pa. . . . 


Attending School. 

Ivieb, Louis 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Mirejovsky, Edw. . . 


New York, N.Y. . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Ratner, Joseph .... 


Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 

United States . . . 

Attending School. 

Schansky, Meyer . . 


New York, N. Y. . 



Schomur, Benjamin . 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


Attending School. 

Calendar 1905—1906, 

FIRST QUARTER, Sept. 10th, 1905, to January 1st, 1906. 

Saturday, September 30 Rosh Hashanah. 

Monday, October 9 Yom Kippur. 

Saturday, October 14 Succoth. 

Sunday, October 15 Annual Meeting. 

Thursday, November 30 Thanksgiving. 

Saturday, December 23 Chanukah. 

Saturday, December 23 Winter Recess begins. 

SECOND QUARTER, January 1st to April 1st, 1906. 

Saturday, January 13 Winter Recess ends. 

Monday, February 12 Lincoln's Birthday. 

Thursday, February 22 Washington's Birthday. 

THIRD QUARTER, April 1st to July 1st, 1906. 

Thursday, March 11 Pesach. 

Friday, April 27 Arbor Day. 

Friday, May 30 Shabuoth. 

Wednesday, May 30 Memorial Day. 

FOURTH QUARTER, July 1st to September 30th, 1906. 

Wednesday, July 4 Independence Day. 

Wednesday, September 19 Rosh Hashanah Eve. 

Special recess for planting and harvesting when the season demands. 
Two weeks camping some time in Sept. when the season admits. 



Hours per 
Algebra, Wells. From begiuning 

to involution 4 

English, IVhitney & Lockwood. Re- 
view of technical grammar 4 

Free Hand Drawing, Charcoal Work ... 2 
Elemeutarj' Physics, Steele Complete. Re- 
view of mensuration, mechanics, hj-dio- 

statics. pneumatics and sound 4 

Demonstrations in Practical Agriculture . 2 
Soils, Brooks. Composition and Classifi- 
cation 2 

Farm Work 31 

Military Drill 3 


Hours per 

Algebra, Wells. From involution through 
quadratic equations 4 

English, Composition and letter writing . 3 

Elementary Physics, Steele Complete. 

Light, heat and electricity 4 

Agriculture, Brooks. Soils, implements and 

methods of cultivation 3 

Botany, Bailey. Study of germination of 

seeds and structure of root, stem, leaf 

and flowers 3 

Farm Work 3i 

Military Drill 3 



Hours per 
Geometry, Wells. Rectilenear figures and 

the circle ; 4 

Chemistry, Avery. Elementary 4 

Agriculture, Brooks. Soil improvement, 

drainage and irrigation ..■•'.... 2 
Animal Husbandry, breeds of live stock . 2 

Botany, study of weeds 2 

Elocution I 

Heterology, Waldo 2 

Farm Work 31 

Military Drill 3 


Hours per 

Geometry, Wells. Theory of proportion, 

similar polygons and their areas .... 4 

Dairying and Practical Work in Butter 

making 4 

Chemistry, Newell. Descriptive .... 4 

Agriculture, Farm Crops 3 

Horticulture, propagation, budding and 
grafting ^ 

Farm Work S'^ 

Military Drill 3 

Hours per 



Hours per 
Leveling and Drainage, for both seniors 
and juniors to alternate with agricultu- 
ral economics 4 

Economic Entomology, for both seniors 
and juniors to alternate with veterinary 

science 3 

Agricultural Chemistry 2 

Animal Industry, poultry management . . 3 
Organic Chemistry and Mineralogy ... 3 

Botany, grasses and grains 3 

Farm Work 31 

Military Drill 3 

Surveying, alternating once in two years 
with agricultural mechanics for both 

seniors and juniors 3 

Agricultural Mechanics, Alternating with 

Surveying 3 

Analytical Chemistry 3 

Horticulture, vegetable gardening, Bailey. 3 

Rhetoric, Hills 3 

Elocution I 

American Literature 2 

19th Century History (American)- .... 2 

Farm Work • 31 

Military Drill 3 



Hours per 
Surveying or Agricultural Mechanics, as 

per junior year 3 

Agricultural Geology 3 

Horticulture, pomology and bush fruits . 4 

Agricultural Bacteriology 2 

Agricultural Literature, experiment sta- 
tion reports 2 

Agriculture, fertilizers 2 

Farm Work 31 

Military Drill 3 


Hours per 
Agricultural Economics to alternate with 

leveling and drainage as per junior year. 4 
Veterinary Science, to alternate with eco- 
nomic Entomology as per junior year , 3 
Horticulture, floriculture and greenhouse 

management and construction 3 

Animal Husbandry, stock breeding and 

feeding 4 

Farm Management i 

Thesis ' " 3 

Farm Work 31 

Military Drill 3 


The following pages will explain the subjects taught and the 
methods employed : — 


Demonstrations in Practical Agriculture. 

In this exercise the class is taken to the field or stable and given instruc- 
tion in performing the simplest fundamental operations in the daily work of 
the farm. For example, the student is taught the proper method of currying 
a horse, how to- take apart and put together a harness, and harness and un- 
harness a single horse or a pair, to drive and to handle a team under a variety 
of conditions. 

He is taught how to milk and how to handle the various farm tools. 

Soils, Composition and Classification. 

Preceding study of methods of cultivation, the student should know how 
soils are formed, of what they are composed, the relation of different kinds of 
soil to water, heat and air;; the effect of varying proportions of humus, clay 
or sand, and the reasons why soils of different compositions have different 

The mechanical, physical and chemical effects of water, showing the re- 
sults from too much or too little moisture; 

The capacity of soils to hold water and plant food; 

The chemical and mechanical composition and their relations to crop 

After study of the composition of soils follows a consideration of the 
plow, harrow, cultivator and other implements used in the preparation of the 
soil for planting and in the planting and cultivation of the crop. As the 
school has a very good outfit of implements, the student is able to become 
familiar with them by actual experience, first learning by classroom exercises- 
the use and adaptability of the tools, and later, by actual practice in the 
field, intensifying and making practical his class work. 

In the class room the student learns why and when he tills the soil, why 
he plows and when, the reasons for using weeders, cultivators or harrows,, 
and then goes to the field and uses the imylement, thus learning how to- 
manipulate it in practice, and being able to study its work and its effect upon- 
the soil or plant. 

Rational soil improvement is based upon a knowitedge of soil composition 
and its effect on plant growth, and upon the effect of the use of different 
tools upon the soil. 

Hence, after becoming familiar with these subjects in his first year, the 
student is able in the second year to take up the study of the various means 
of improving the fertility of the farm, such as rotation of crop, addition of 
humus, liming, inoculation, fertilization, cultivation, prevention of washing^ 
drainage, and, under some conditions, irrigation. 


Farm Crops. 

This consists of a study of the methods of growing, harvesting and utiliz- 
ong the various crops, their adaptability to different kinds of soil, and their 
■uses in different kinds of farming, the adaptability and choice of va,rieties of 
crops, the selection of seed, the preparation and planting of same, the com- 
position of the crop, and the consideration of its place in the farming econ- 
omy; also its origin and history. 

The importance of commercial fertilizers in modern farming makes neces- 
■sary a special study of their composition and use, the origin and composition 
of the various ingredients used in them, and their adaptability to the soils 
and plants of the farm. 

Special attention is given to the saving of all the fertilizing materials of 
the farm and their economic use. Most important of these is the common 
barnyard manure, and considerable time is spent in studying its composition 
under varying conditions of preservation, feeding and origin, the best methods 
■of using it, and proper crop and land to v/hich to apply it. 

Study of the relation of bacteria to cultivation and fertilization of the 
soil; the relation of bacteria to certain agricultural plants, their relation to 
milk and its products, together with their action in sanitation and disease. 

Agrcultural Literature. 

A successful farmer in these days must be a reading as well as a thinking 
man. The class in agricultural literature is intended to cultivate the reading 
habit and to give students some familiarity with the best agricultural period- 
icals, books and writers, and to keep them acquainted with the newer dis- 
coveries and practices. 

Special attention will be given the bulletins of progress, in experimental 
work, at the different aigricultural colleges and experiment stations; as from 
these reports we get much of our most valuable and accurate information 
concerning the relation of science to agriculture. 

Farm Work. 

Most of our boys come to us with no knowledge of farm work. There- 
fore, the most necessary feature of their training is the performance of the 
ordinary farm operations. 

All of the work incident to the carrying on of the farm, in the field, in 
the stable, poultry department, orchards, garden, greenhouses and dairj-, is 
done by the pupils; it follows that each pupil having the desire to do so may- 
become proficient in all of the farm work. 

That this end may be accomplished, each pupil is detailed to a new duty 
each month, with the idea of giving -him a progressive course of instruction 
in this work, in both the chores and the general work. 

During the whole year some work is performed each day; for seven and 
one-half months during the late fall, -winter and early spring, the same amount 
of time is devoted to the farm as to classroom instruction. From May i to 
September 20, the period most important in the growth of crops, all of the 
time of the pupils is devoted to practical agriculture, under the constant 
direction of the instructors. 

With the other courses on chemical subjects for a foundation, the pupil 
is prepared to take up some of the applications of chemistry to agriculture. 
The study of the analyses of milk, butter and cheese; the digestion of the ani- 
mals, the changes produced in the soil by fertilizers and tillage. The action 

of manures m producing plant food. The digestibility of the different foods 
with different animals is studied. This course is given to the junior class 
during the spring term for four periods per week. 

Agricultural Geology. 

The object of this instruction is to teach the pupils the different kinds of 
rocks which go to make up our soil. Such portions of dynamic geology is 
considered as will give the pupil a clear idea of weathering, erosion of wind 
and water, lake and sea deposits, the part played by the. action of glaciers 
and volcanoes in soil formation. The growth of mountains is discussed, and 
the use of fossils in determining the age in which rocks and deposits were 
formed. The effect of certain physical features of the country upon the differ- 
ent branches of agriculture is discussed in lectures. This course is given to 
the senior class throughout the fall term, senior year, three periods per week. 

Agricultural Mechanics. 

This subject is taught by lectures, and by the use of King's book on 
"Agricultural Physics." It deals with the laws of mechanics as applied to the 
plow, eveners, the different farm machines. To the construction and care of 
boilers, portable engines and other farm powers. The construction of farm 
buildings and the heating and plumbing of the same are also considered. 
This is taught once in two years to both seniors and juniors for three periods 
per week during the fall term. 

Two recitations each week during the first term of the sophomore year 
are devoted to the study of meteorology. Some of the most important sub- 
jects discussed are: The atmosphere, temperature, pressure, winds, moisture, 
clouds, precipitation and the principle and construction of the most common 
instruments used in meteorological observation and weather predictions, such 
as thermometer, barometer, rain guage, and psycrometer, for frost predictions. 
The weather maps of the weather bureau of the United States Department 
of Agriculture are received, and practice is given in the reading and construe 
tion of weather maps, and in drawing isobars and isotherms. Some practice 
is also given and required in making elementary meteorological observations 
and in the crude methods of weather predictions. 

Land Surveying. 

This is taught to both seniors and juniors once in two years for three 
periods per week during the fall term. Enough of plaile trigonometry is 
taught to enable the pupil to compute the functions of a triangle, together 
with the computation of its area. Chain and compass surveying is taught; 
also the use of the transit in land measurement. Each pupil surveys several 
fields, and draws a plot of them to a proper scale, and learns to run out 
boundaries from old deeds. 

Exercises in the running of lines for digging ditches for both open ditches 
and for tile drains is given as a supplement to the course in surveying, four 
hours per week, throughout the spring term, to both juniors and seniors, 
once in two years. 

Agricultural Economics. 

Once in two years a course of four periods per week during the spring 
term is given to the seniors and juniors in economics. 

It is the aim of the instruction to deal with the economic conditions of 
farming. At the same time to give an idea to the pupil of the town, county 

and State organizations. The departments of the general Government, and 
some of the elementary principles of contracts, agency, partnership, and com- 
mercial paper. 


Tliis course aims to give every student a working knowledge of the 
various divisions of horticulture. The equipment for the teaching of this 
course consists, among other things, of two large greenhouses, several acres 
of apples, peaches, pears, grapes, and ten acres of land devoted entirely to 
market gardening. Besides this, we are especially fortunate in possessing a 
beautiful collection of ornamental trees, shrubs and perennials. The course 
offered at present is as follows: 

Sophomore year, spring term, two hours a week. This course naturally 
starts with the fundamental principles of horticulture, teaching the various 
methods of propagation, grafting, budding, and illustrating with practical 
work in the greenhouses and orchards. 

Junior year, fall term, three hours a week. Market gardening, including 
the locations, soils, methods of cultivation and marketing of vegetables. 
Bailey's "Principles of Vegetable Gardening" is used as a text book, with 
lectures and field exercises. 

Senior year, fall term, three hours a week, devoted to recitations and field 
exercises. A study of the latest methods of the growing and marketing of 
fruits. Bailey's "Principles of Fruit Growinig" is used as a text book, accom- 
panied by frequent visits to the orchard. 

Spring term, three hours a week, devoted to recitations and greenhouse 
work, in the study of the construction and management of greenhouses, and 
followed bv a course in floriculture. 


The instruction in botany is given by means of lectures, recitations, lab- 
oratory and field exercises. The object of this course is to teach those sub- 
jects which have a direct bearing upon economic and scientific agriculture. 
The courses are as follows: 

Freshman year, spring term, three hours a week; laboratory work and 
recitations. Study of the germination of seeds, and structure of the root, 
stem, leaf and flower. 

Sophomore year, fall term, two hours a week; laboratory and field exer- 
cises on the study of weeds. 

Junior year, spring term, three hours a week; laboratory lectures and 
field exercises. A study of the grasses and grains. 

Entomology, Chemistry and Organic Chemistry. 

The object of this course is to give the student a working knowledge of 
the injurious insects which afifect the farmer at the present day. 

Juniors and seniors, spring term, three hours a week; lectures, laboratory 
and field exercises. A study of the external and internal anatomy of insects, 
together wiih a study of the life history of 'the most injurious insects, and 
methods of combating them. 

Instruction in chemistry begins with the sophomore year and consists of 
recitations and laboratory exercises; four periods per week. It is an element- 
ary course, special attention being given to the writing of chemical equations, 
and to the arithmetic of chemistry. This is to prepare the pupil to under- 
stand the applications of chemistry as taught in their agriculture and horti- 
culture. The text book is Avery's "Complete Chemistry." During the spring 
term the same amount of instruction as previous term, four periods per week, 
during which more advanced instruction concerning the elements contained in 
the bodies of plants and animals is given. For a text book, Newell's "De- 
scriptive Chemistry" is used. This course enables the pupil to compute the 
amount of the different elements that can be found in pure and impure chemi- 
cals and to understand the reactions which take place from the mixing of 
chemicals. It is the foundation for the computation of all fertilizer and feed- 
ing formulas. 

A short course in the further chemistry of the carbon compounds, so that 
the constitution of alcohols, fats, organic acids, starch, sugar, and some of the 
albuminoids may be understood, to enable the pupil to appreciate the work of 
plants and the digestion of animals. This course is given by lectures and 
laboratory demonstration, to the juniors during the spring term, for three 
periods per week. 

A short course in laboratory work of three hours per week during the 
fall term, junior year, is given in qualitative analysis. The pupils analyze 
substances for such acids as hydrochloric, chloric, also the bromine and iodine 
acids, carbonic, sulphuric and sulphurous, nitric and nitrous, phosphoric and 
phosphorous, and some of the acids of arsenic, antimony, chromium, man- 
ganese and molybdenum. Also to test for the bases found in agricultural ma- 
terials; for example, silver, mercury, lead, arsenic, antimony, tin, copper, 
cadnium, bismuth, cobalt, nickel, iron, manganese, chromium, zinc, aluminium, 
barium, strontium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium and ammonium. 

Such a course as the above makes it possible for the pupil to read with 
intelligence chemical books on industrial subjects. 

Elementary Physics. 

In this course a review of proportion, square and cube root and mensura- 
tion precedes the instruction in physics proper. Much importance is attached 
to the pupils performing many practical examples under the different sub- 
jects of mechanics. The applications of laws of heat and light to the growth 
of plants and animals, and to the science of every-day life, is emphasized. 
The application of electricity to modern life is of especial interest to the 
farmer. This instruction is given four periods per week throughout the 
freshman year. 

Lessons and laboratory work on minerals to teach their characteristics 
and to determine about one hundred and fifty different specimens that are 
considered during the instruction given in chemistry and agricultural geology,, 
are given twice per week during the spring term to the juniors. The instruc- 
tion is much assisted by the use of a fine cabinet of minerals presented to the 
National Farm School in memory of Harry E. Reinhard by his children. 


It is the aim of the School to give its students a good foundation in ele^ 
mentary mathematics. As a fair knowledge of arithmetic is required to enter 
the school, the first branch of mathematics taken up is algebra, to which four 


recitations per week during the entire freshman year are devoted. Although 
the amount of algebra given depends entirely upon the mathematical ability 
of the pupil^ it is our aim to give the student a good training in elementary 
algebra, up to and inoliuding quadratic equations. 

Four hours per week during the entire sophomore year are devoted to 
recitations in geometry, covering the first five books. The text book used is 
Wells' "Plane Geometry," and special stress is laid upon those problems or 
theorems which are more often met with in practical life, such as surveying 
and mechanical work. 


The successful farmer of to-day must have a good command of language. 
He must not only be able to think clearly, but he must be able to express 
those thoughts correctly and concisely, and it is to meet this demand that our 
course in English is designed. During the freshman year the student learns 
how to construct and analyze simple, common, complex and compound sen- 
tences. Parts of speech and their properties and uses, the correct forms of 
letter writing and the elementary principles of composition, which fit him 
to take up the more advanced work of the sophomore and junior year. 

During the first term of the sophomore year he studies the art of more 
advanced composition and the choice of words and expressions, and is re- 
quired to write each week a theme on some given subjects. This practice 
helps the student in learning to express himself correctly and concisely and 
in a form fit for publication. 

The "Gleaner," a monthly periodical published by the students of the 
School, affords an excellent opportunity for work of this kind to those who 
are so inclined. 

The Literary Society, also conducted by the students, meets every week 
during the school year, affords a good opportunity for speaking, debating and 
literary work, as well as much pleasure to the students. 

The work in American Literature comprises the study of the biographies 
of our most celebrated American authors, and the review of one of the most 
noted works of each, or as many as the time will permit. They are taken up 
in chronological order. The time allotted to this study is two hours per week 
during the first term of the junior year. 

During the first term of both junior and sophomore years one hour per 
week is devoted to practical elocution, to give the student practice in speak- 
ing before the public and to teach him to express himself easily and forcibly. 
Practice is given in either reciting some selection from our best-known 
writers or by debates in which the pupil is taught to present his argument 
in a systematic, logical and forcible way. 

During the first term of the junior year the pupils have three recitations 
per week in rhetoric and composition, which includes punctuation, letter 
writing, more advanced study of parts of speech, elements of expression, such 
as paragraphs, words and phrases, sentences, and the qualities of expres- 
sion, such as unity, clearness, force, ease. The author of the text book used 
is A. S. Hill. 

Nineteenth Century History. (American.) 

This course is designed to give the student a fair knowledge of the most 
important American affairs during the nineteenth century. 



For one term in the year instruction is given during one period per week 
to the freshman class in drawing. Charcoal drawing from objects comprises 
the major part of the instruction. The object of this instruction is to enable 
the young farmer to sketch his ideas concerning changes in buildings, or to 
preserve forms that may be necessary for future reference. 


Breeds of Live Stock. 

In order to intelligently select the best live stock for a farm, one must be 
acquainted with the characteristics of the various breeds of cattle, horses, 
swine, sheep and poultry and their adaptability to different localities and styles 
of farming. Most of the time devoted to this topic is spent upon the more 
prominent and well-known breeds, studying their history, character and 

Classroom instruction and practical work in the feeding and care of fowls, 
including chickens, ducks, geese and pigeons, incubation by natural and arti- 
ficial methods, management of brooders and of hens with chickens. 

The School has a complete outfit of poultry houses, brooder house, brood- 
ers and incubators for practical instruction in this subject. Study of the 
various breeds and classes of poultry and their- adaptability to different con- 
ditions and tastes. 

Most successful agriculture has its basis in intelligent stock feeding. To 
have success in the highest degree in this line one must understand both the 
principles and the practice. 

The principles may be learned in the classroom, the practice must be 
learned in the stable. So the student studies the composition of foods and 
their combination into proper rations for different animals doing different 
work, then goes to the stable and feeds the cows, horses or sheep, and learns, 
how the food produced on the farm is saved and fed to the best advantage 
when combined with that purchased to supplement it. 

Few men become successful breeders of live stock; but none can do so 
without understanding the principles governing the production of superior 

In the senior year, after studying earlier in the course the breeds of live 
stock, the methods of caring for them, their adaptability to various uses, how 
to feed them, and how to prevent disease, the student is prepared to take up 
the study of the science and art of breeding animals, including heredity, varia- 
tion, fecundity, inbreeding, cross-breeding, and the principles necessary in 
breeding up a profitable farm herd or flock. 


Special stress is laid upon the making of fine butters, and a fuljy equipped 
dairy building, with boiler, separators, butter workers, is used in giving 
practical instruction in this subject. The student follows the milk through 
the various stages from the cow to the finished product, includin^g testing the 
milk and cream for amount of butter fat. Here, as everywhere else, class- 
room and laboratory work precede the actual work of caring for the dairy and 
making the butter. The student separates the milk, ripens the cream, churns 
salts, works and prints the butter, and cares for the dairy utensils, including 
separator and steam boiler. 

15 ■ 

No attempt is made to produce skilled veterinarians, but the lectures are 
devoted to giving instruction in the best methods of caring for animals that 
they may be kept in health and so make it necessary to very rarely employ a 

The student will study the external and internal structure of the animal 
in order that he may understand principles of minor surgical operations and 
administration of medicines. He will be given some knowledge of the symp- 
toms and treatment of a few of the most common diseases of domesticated 


The farm consists of 122 acres of fertile land, all of which is till- 
able, making it possible to carry on diversified farming, so essential to the instruc- 
tion given in the various subjects considered. The farm also contains several 
acres of timber land affording three fine groves. The farm is well stocked with 
pure bred and grade stock. The buildings for stock are arranged according to 
modern sanitary principles ; two silos adjoin the dairy barn. The outfit of farm 
machinery is especially complete, including a grain drill, corn planter, walking 
and sulky plows ; Acme spring tooth, smoothing, cutaway and disk harrow ; two- 
horse single cultivator, rollers, three mowing machines, self binder, corn har- 
vester, hay rakes, tedder, lime spreader, weeders and five wagons, ice tools, silage 
cutter and shreader, thrasher and separator, steam turbine tubler and hand 
separator, one three-horse power engine, two wind mills and a hot air engine 
for pumping water. The dairy building is thoroughly equipped with modern 
machinery for carrying on dairy operations. On the ground may be found 
vegetable gardens, orchards and nursery, these together with the greenhouses 
make practical industrial work in horticulture possible throughout the entire 
year. In order that the students may become familiar with the handling of horses 
we keep 15 horses. 

The farm has a well equipped poultry plant, including house for 200 laying 
hens, a brooder house to accommodate 800 chickens, a pigeon house and four in- 
cubators and out-door brooders. The sheep fold has 40 sheep. 

The Farm School lies adjacent to the W. Atlee Burpee celebrated seed farm, 
a thoroughl}^ equipped establishment conducted on the soundest business principles, 
where a dollar is required of every dollar expended. The managers of these places 
allow our students to study their methods of business. Such an object lesson ac- 
companying the instruction given at the school, adds greatly to our educational 

Other neighboring farms are among the best in the State. All are willing to 
be helpful in every way possible to assist the worthy young men in the study of 
agriculture. ^ 

Our entire environment is that of an agricultural people who live on and oflf 
their farms, and whose whole life and example show the profitable and enjoyable 
aspect of agricultural pursuits. 

The main building is fitted up with dormitory rooms, class rooms, library, 
reception rooms, dining rooms and offices, and is lighted by gas and heated by 
steam. The buildings are supplied with spring water. The library contains 
2000 volumes, including ref^ence books, Encyclopedia Britanica, Jewish Ency- 
clopedia, AUibone's Dictionary of Authors, Historical Works of Redpath, John 
Fisk, McMasten, Woodrow Wilson; all of the American classics, many of the 
English; many standard works of science, including Tyndal's, Huxley's, Darwin's, 
Spencer's, &c., together with all the modern standard works on Agriculture, Hor- 
ticulture and animal industry, with works on modern physical science and a 


reading file of the leading dailj' papers and agricultural journals. Illustrative 
material for class room and field work is being constantly added. 


The maintenance of good behavior and order in the dormitories and about 
the buildings is strictly adhered to. Detail and industrial work must be thoroughly 
and carefully done. Students failing to conform to the rules and regulations of 
the institution will be immediately dismissed. 

All supplies furnished students are merely loaned. These must not be taken 
away or disposed of in any way except by consent of the Director. 


No meals served to visitors without special permission. 

All visitors to be out of the buildings and off of the grounds at 6 o'clock P. M. 

No visitors to be allowed above the first floor except on regular days of inspec- 
tion, at regular appointed times, without special permission. 

No lady to be taken in the dormitories except on above public days and by 
special permission. 

No gambling of any sort whatever allowed at National Farm School. 

Dancing not allowed in the reception hall except between the hours of from 
2 to 5 on recreation days. 

Permission to leave the grounds, to use the piano or to practice singing must 
be obtained from the governor. 

All persons wrestling, shouting, whistling or singing in the school room or 
reception room at any time will be reprimanded. 

Students will be at the barn or at horticultural department or other places for 
work on time, 7 A. M. and i P. M. 

The bell will be rung ten minutes before the hour. 

Any student leaving work without permission before 12 M. or 5 P. M. will be 

The object of the above rules is to impress students with the importance of 
honesty and promptness. 


The following is the program for each day except Saturday and Sunday during 
the school period: 
5.45 A. M., Rising Bell. 4 to 5 P. M., Military Drill and Athletics. 

6.05 A. M., Details. 5.00 P. M., Details. 

7.00 A. M., Breakfast and Devotion. 6.00 P. M., Supper. 

• Industrials. 

8.00 A. M. to 12 M., Study and Classes. 7.00 to 9.00 P. M., Study Period. 
12.15 P- M., Dinner. 9.45 P. M., Retiring. 

I. GO to 4.00 P. M., Study and Classes. 

Seniors and Juniors have industrial work every forenoon and classes in after- 
noon. Sophomores and Freshmen have classes in forenoon and industrial work 
in afternoon. " 

Meeting of Farm School Literary Society takes place every Saturday evening 
at 7.30. 

For further information address Executive Office of the National Farm School, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Regulations Governing the Admission of Students. 

1. An applicant for admission must be between i6 and 21 }-ears ofat^e. (His 
mental and physical (Itrvelopniiut must be such as ensures his bein<J able to 
pursue the advanced studies and to perform the industrial work.) 

2. He must accompany his application with a certificate testifying to his 
havin.i( successfully completed his Grammar School training, and his being ready 
for High School work. In lieu of such a certificate, he must pass an examination 
before some competent person, in branches taught in the highest grade of the 
Grammar School, and the result of such examination must accompany the 

3. An applicant must be in good health. A physician's certificate, accord- 
ing to the form prescribed by the Directors, must accompany the application. 
Where practicable, a physician will be designated near the residence of the appli- 
cant, from whom such certificate inu^t be obtained. 

The Board reserves for itself the right of re-examining an applicant, after his 
arrival, as to his mental or physical fitness for admission. 

4. An applicant must be of good moral character and able and willing to 
perform hard out-door work. Sati'-factory references must accompany the appli- 
cation, and wherever practicable, the recommendations must be submitted by the 
applicant to be endorsed by the member of the Auxiliary Board representing the 
State in which such applicant resides. 

5. No charge is made for tuition. For board, lodging and laundry a charge 
is made of |20o, (about I4.00 a week) payable in semi-annual instalments of |iioo, 
in advance. 

6. A limited number of Free Scholarships will be granted to such who have 
passed the Grammar School with high averages, and who receive the endorsement 
of the member of the National Auxiliary Board representing the State, as well as 
two or three other representative men of the State. x\ Free Scholarship 
•comprises free tuition, free board and laundry during the entire four years, and 
wearing apparel for the last three years. 

7. When an applicant shall have been notified that his application has been 
favorably acted upon, he must come to Doylestown, Pennsylvania, at the time 
specified, and must come provided with the following outfit : One heavy overcoat, 
one suit for Sabbath wear, one school suit, two pairs of working shoes, one pair 
gum boots, one pair of slippers, three suits of heavy underwear, three suits of 
light underwear, one dozen pairs of socks (^-2 dozen light, y^ dozen heavy), 
one half dozen collars, two pairs cuffs, two bosom shirts, six working shirts ( two 
\vinter, four summer), three night shirts, one dozen handkerchiefs, two pairs of 
overalls, two blouses, one hair brush and comb, one tooth brush, one umbrella, 
three neckties, one hat for Sabbath wear and one working hat. Articles of 
clothing should be duly marked. 

8. The receptacle for a studenVs personal ejfecls 7}iust not exceed in size, 
that of an ordinary steamer trunk. 

9. Before any student shall be admitted, his parents or guardian must release 
all control over him from the time of his entrance until his completion of the four 
years' course, or until such prior time as he may, in the discretion of the Board, be 
discharged therefrom. Such parents or guardian must also waive all claim for 
compensation for services which he may render in or about the school or the farm 
thereunto belonging. 

This Regulation is made in order to enable the Board to encourage the 
student in the pursuit of his studies and to protect him against any possible ill- 
advised interference of relatives. 

10. Students must come to the school prepared to furnish their own uni- 
form. The measurements for the same are taken at the School. The price is |ii. 

11. Students are required to deposit with the Board of Trustees of the Farm 
School, a sum sufficient to pay their traveling expenses homeward in case they 
should not desire to remain at the school, or in event of the faculty finding it 
necessary to dismiss them. Pupils completing their studies will have the money 
thus deposited returned to them at their graduation. 

12. Applications must be sent to the Chairman of the Committee on 
Applications, MORRIS A. KAUFMANN, 

Allegheny Avenue and Hancock Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 


Eighth Annual Meeting, 

Parlor of Keneseth Israel, 
Philadelphia, Pa., Tuesday, Dec. 5th, i905„. 

The Bighth Annual Meeting of the National Farm School was 
participated in by many representative friends of the Institution. 

• The meeting was called to order at 8 P. M. , by the President, 
Dr. Joseph Krauskopf. 

On motion of Adolph Kichholz, Esq., the minutes of the last 
annual meeting having been published, were ordered approved 
without reading. 

President, Rev. Dr. Joseph Krauskopf, presented his annual 
report, copy of which is herewith appended. 

Mr. I. H. Silverman, Treasurer of the School, followed with a 
statement of the finances of the School, showing the receipts and 
disbursements for the year. 

An address was made by the Director, Dr. John H. Washburn, 
a copy of which appears in this report. Reports as appended were 
received from the Chairmen of the different committees. 

On motion of Mr. Alfred M. Klein, the following gentlemen 
were unanimously elected to serve as Managers for three }ears: 
Isaac Herzberg, Simon Friedberger, Jacob Cartun, Jacob F. Loeb, 
and Howard A. Loeb. 

On motion of Mr. Isaac Herzberg, the following gentlemen 
were unanimously elected to serve as members of the National 
Auxiliary Board : Louis I. Aaron, Pittsburg, Pa.; Simon Bamberger, 
Salt Lake City, Utah ; Henry Beer, New Orleans, La. ; I. W. Bern- 
heim, Louisville, Ky. ; Miss Sarah Farmer, Eliot, Maine ; Henry 
Frank, Natchez, Miss. ; Dr. Samuel L. Frank, Baltimore, Md. 
Maurice Freiberg, Cincinnati, O. ; Mrs. Jacob Hecht, Boston, Mass. 
A. Hirshheimer, LaCrosse, Wis.; M. Horkheimer, Wheeling, W.Va. 
Adolph Lewisohn, New York City ; Leon Mandel, Chicago, 111. 
Louis Newburger, Indianapolis, Ind.; E. Raab, Richmond, Va. 
Alex Sanger, Dallas, Tex.; Harris Weinstock, Sacramento, Cal. 
Ferdinand Westheimer, St. Joseph, Mo. 

On motion of Mr. Jacob Cartun, Rev. Dr. Joseph Krauskopf 
was unanimously re-elected President, and Mr. Morris A. Kaufmann^. 

Meeting adjourned 10.15 P. M. 



To the Al embers and Friends of the National Farm School: 

It is w ith pleasure that I present to you the eighth annual report 
of the National Farm School, and I beg to assure you that the use 
of the word "pleasure" is not one of the empty plati- 
tudes so frequently indulged in on occasions like this. ^* ^ ° t^chooi 
That there is good reason for its use, 3''Ou will easily 
perceive when I recall the closing paragraphs of last year's report, 
in which I deplored the fact that, because of a lack of an endowment 
fund, we could not do that larger work that lies within our scope 
and for which the most urgent need exists, that, because of a want of 
a dormitory, we are obliged to turn awa}-" scores of lads, who apply 
to us for admission from all parts of our country. 

I showed, moreover, the necessity of a laundry, of larger bathing 
accommodations for our boys, and of a winter recreation room or a 

We made an earnest appeal for these wants and hoped that 
some one, listening to that appeal or hearing or reading of it, might 
be moved to come to our assistance. 

Wh^t we then hoped has, in a measure, come to pass. A public- 
spirited Philadelphian has come forward, generously agreeing to 
erect iipon our grounds a substantial building, that An answer to the 
shall, to some extent, relieve the congestion in our appeal for a 
present dormitory, afford accommodation for a score or dormitory. 
more additional students, and provide the needed stud)^ hall, the 
rough-house, the lavatory accommodations that have been sadly 
wanting in our present main building, and that, besides containing a 
completely equipped laundry, shall also provide an electric plant 
sufificiently large to light every building on our grounds. 

Our great rejoicing at the proffer of this magnificent gift, the 

greatest in the history of our institution, was, however, soon sobered, 

when, upon looking into the matter, we recognized conditions which 

that an additional dormitory would materially increase Prevented the 

, , . -^ ^ . . - . , acceptation ol the 

the annual runnmg expense of our mstitution, and gift. 

that, with insufficient means to run it even with its present limited 

capacity, it were wrong to the donor as well as to ourselves, to accept 

a gift without possessing the means to make it available. We clearlv 

saw that only an endowment fund could secure that proffered gift 

for us. 

And so, with considerable misgivings, w^e again ventured to 

appeal to the friends of the school, who, in the building up of our 

plant, and in the maintenance of our School during the *" Endowment 

, . , . 111 1 , M ; 1 Fund therefore was 

past eight years, had already contributed some appealed for. 
$200,000. The returns were as surprising as gratifying. Of the 
$50,000 necessary as a nucleus of an endowment fund before entering 
upon a larger expense than our present income warranted, some 
$43,500 have been subscribed up to the present time. 

We are, however, still $6,500 short of the aniotuit needed before 
we can undertake to burden the institution with a materially 
increased annual expense. We feel that our friends^ 
$6,500 s*'^'^^^^^ -vvho have so generously helped us thus far, will not let 
us fail, now that we are almost within sight of our long- 
cherished hope, that of enabling a considerable number of lads to 
satisfy their heart's desire for a training in scientific and practical 

-When we analyze these contributions, considering that one of 
them is for $12,500, one for $2,500, one for $2,000, one for $1,250, 23 
The constant for $500. One for $300, 8 for $250, 4 for $200, 27 for 

onhMMeTdfor $100,^10 for $50, 48 for $25, and when we observe that 
the school. they have come to us from 36 different States, one even 

from far away Germany, we certainly have reason to congratulate 
ourselves upon the friends and supporters the school has won for 
itself in the short time of its existence. I believe we may hopefully 
look forward to the future. Our campaign of educating the public 
to our way of thinking, as to, one of the best solutions of the problem 
of relieving the congestion of the overcrowded cities, and of the 
proper disposition of the new influx of thousands of refugees and 
immigrants now menacing us, is beginning to show results. Our 
hundreds of friends will grow into thousands, and instead of being 
able to educate and keep but forty or fifty boys, we will have four 
hundred or five hundred preparing themselves for the noblest of all 

And instead of our graduates occupying Government "positions 
or taking charge of rich men's estates, they will become heads of 
Jewish colonies. It is gratifying to know that most of 
frrm'thegraduates !^^^ graduates give good accounts of themselves, earn- 
ing satisfactory incomes in the calling for which they 
have been trained at our school. It is even a pleasure to know that 
the few who, for one reason or another, have returned to city life, 
represent a superior type of manhood b}^ virtue of the four years they 
have spent in rural life and agricultural pursuits, and that their 
chances in the battle of life are, for that reason, better than are those 
of young men who lack the physical and moral fibre that is devel- 
oped behind the plow. Our history shows abundantly that many of 
our best men were country-born and country-bred, who, aided by the 
vitality and sturd}^ manhood engendered early through country life, 
speedily rose to the top of whatever calling or profession they 
entered upon. 

But it is neither for the one nor the other that the school Avas 
founded. The school had its inception in the belief that colonization 
of the over-populated of our crowded cities is the only 
ing"of the school' remedy, and that, to be successful, these colonies must 
have leaders duly trained in practical and scientific agri- 
culture, and who must be, as far as possible, of their own people and 

We are doing our part of the work. We have the equipment to 

furnish all the leaders needed. Now for the movement of colonizing 

'The National Farm ^hosc for whom leaders are being raised. Disappoint- 

schooi a school for rncnt has frequently been expressed that this work is 

leaders of colonies not done by US. Dcvoutly as we wish it done, we have 

not the means to do it, and even if we had, it is not our province. 
We are more than busy in doing our part, and we would be busier 
still in doing- our own special work had we larger means at our dis- 
posal. The other work belongs to the spheres of the Agricultural 
Societies of New York, Chicago, Milwaukee, and we would strongly 
urge a hearty co-operation with these organizations to the end, that 
their work and ours may best realize the purposes for which they 
have been called to life. 

We had hoped to have raised the still needed $6,500 by Thanks- 
giving Day, so as to enable the corner-stone of the new dormitory 
to be laid on that day. But this privilege has been denied us. Let us 
trust that the exercises of next June may be enhanced in interest 
through the dedication of the new building. 

The obtaining of the $6,500 still needed to complete the requisite 
$50,000, before the erection of the new dormitory, and the admission 
of additional pupils, can safely proceed, will, however, The $50,000 but 
not yet solve our financial difficulties. It must be clear fargerEndowmerft 
to all that the larger the number of pupils the larger the '"""£'. 
expense of maintenance, that the $50,000 will yield at 5 per cent., but 
$2,500 annually, a sum inadequate to ed-ucate, board, lodge, clothe, 
more than a handful of boys. We ought to have many times over 
the memberships we now have, and I strongly urge that steps be 
takgn at this meeting to devise ways and means of increasing our 
membership throughout the country. 

And while mentioning this matter of cost in the care of the boys, 
let me say that during the past year we have been complimented, by 
competent judges, upon the economy exercised in run- unsought praise 
ning the School. C3ne of these judges, and let it be from a competent 
understood that the State of Pennsylvania itself sent J"''9®- 
him to us to investigate, told us that he knew of no institution where 
expenditures were kept down so closely to absolute necessities and 
affairs run more economically. It is indeed gratifying to be the 
recipient of such unsought praise. 

Steps should also be taken to bring the claims of the National 
Farm School to the attention of the Federation of Jewish Charities 
throughout the land. A few recognize their obligation ^^^ appeal for heij^ 
to support an institution that is national in its scope, from the different 
and that extends its benefits to lads hailing from every '^®''."!f*!^"® .°.' 

^ T-^ 1 r 1 1 1 Jewish Chanties 

section of our country. Jiut by. far the larger number throughout the 
take no cognizance of the fact that we educate and country 
maintain lads of their respective communities, four years long, free 
of all expense, with little or no aid from them. It is as unfair to 
expect Philadelphia to carry almost entirely the burden of the Farm 
School, as it would be for Denver alone to carry the burden of the 
National Consumptive Hospital, or as it would be to expect Cincin- 
nati to bear the burden of the Hebrew Union College. I, therefore, 
recommend that ways be devised that shall make clear the national 
aspect of our institution, and that shall secure for us the financial aid 
to which we are justly entitled. As one of the means toward that 
end, I would strongly urge that you appoint a number of representa- 
tive men in various parts of our country, who shall constitute the 
National Auxiliary Board, and whose duty it shall be to represent 

'the best interests of our institution in their respecti\'e. communities 
.and districts. 

Of the internal conditions of the School, Dr. Washburn, the 
Director, and Mrs. E. G. Starr, the Household Principal of the 
.School, will speak, as well as the Chairmen of the different commit- 

There but remains for me to dwell upon a few urgent needs, in 
the hope that inasmuch as our appeal of a year ago awakened so 
hearty a response in some of our friends, others may come forward 
Ihis year to follow the good example set. 

We are still without A COLD STORAGE PLANT. The qu.-s- 
tion is often asked what we do with the products we raise. There 
seems to be little cognizance of the fact that we have 
theTchoo^ ^ ° some sixty mouths to feed, three times daily, which 
totals more than 60,000 meals a year, and that we have, 
besides, some sixty heads of stock, cattle and sheep to feed. The 
best customer for our products, therefore, is ourselves. Most of our 
crops are fed to our stock and cattle. All the potatoes we raise, all 
the summer vegetables, all the storable winter products and fruit we 
consume. We can and preserve as much as we can. But many of 
our summer products could be stored for winter consumption by the 
school and for profitable sale in the winter market, if we had a cold 
storage plant. The building would not involve a great expense. 
The ice we cut from the creek near by. Our large annual meat bill 
could be materially lessened, and, in yet other ways, would such a 
<:omparatively inexpensive building prove serviceable and money- 

Our Main Building is still unprovided with FIRE ESCAPES. 

The sleeping floors of the main building are of frame. We have, up 

to the present time, depended on fire-buckets and 

scapes^^^^ porches for fire-escapes, in the event of need. I feel 

that these provisions are inadequate, and, as our 

iinances do not permit us to incur the expense involved in fitting up 

suitable escapes, we hope someone will generously come forward and 

forestall, in time, a menacing danger. 

Our KITCHEN requires complete reconstruction. It was origi- 
nally fitted out to answer the need of about twenty-five persons. 

To-day some fifty persons are dependent upon it for 
kiU:hTr"faciiities. ^^^^^ daily meals, and it is taxed far beyond its capacity. 

With the completion of the new dormitory there is to 
be a considerable increase of pupils. How will our present kitchen 
ever do a work three times larger than originally planned? The 
introduction of steam cooking and steam dish washing Avould greatly 
simplify the Avork and materially lessen kitchen expense. The matter 
is deserving of your most serious consideration. It is believed that 
$1,000 would furnish this greatly needed improvement, and possibly 
leave enough of a margin to supply the fire-escapes. 

AVe are greatly in need of a PORTABLE ENGINE, that would 
«ave much labor and time and money in such work as thrashing, 
A rtabi silage-and fodder-cutting, wood-sawing, water-pump- 

desired. * ^"^ "^ ""^fe ^^^^ the like. We are at the present time obliged to 

use the rather primitive method of horse-power, or to 


hire portable power, a method that is far more expensive thati would 
be the cost of running our engine. Some $350 would supply such an 

And now, a final appeal. Last year closed with a deficit. The 
reconstruction of the entire second floor of the Main Building, and 
the new roof, involved us in an indebtedness of some 
$5,000, which we had hoped to wipe out during the l^Jb^wiped'out. 
year. The proffer of a new dormitory came, and the 
necessity of raising an endowment fund of $50,000 required our con- 
centrating our entire attention upon that. So that the deficit of last 
3^ear remained, to which this year added the expense of a new barn, 
an additional implement shed, and the care of a larger number of 
pupils, and contracts have been awarded for a needed brooder, and 
for some absolutely necessary repairs in the Director's house. I had 
hoped to be able to appeal for aid at our annual meeting, but coming, 
as it does, in the midst of collections for Russian sufferers, an appeal 
for wiping out a deficit of some $7000 is out of question now. 

How are we to solve the problem? How are we to pay our long 
overdue bills, with no money in our treasury, and with no territory 
open at the present time in which to increase our funds? We have 
never placed a mortgage on our plant, even in most trying times. 
Shall we place one now, in the year in which our endowment fund 
was created, and in which a new dormitory is in course of erection? 

There ought to be, there must be another solution. What shall 
it be? Who will solve it? It has repeatedly come to our ears that 
some friends of this institution have remembered it in their will. 
What if these people were to extend to us their intended gifts in their 
life-time, thereby affording themselves the joy of rejoicing the hearts 
of others, and the satisfaction, at the same time, of seeing, with their 
own eyes, how their benefactions are being administered? Of all 
giving, the giving while living is the wisest and most helpful. 

In this connection, let me bring to your attention that the late 
Francis Seligman has bequeathed to the National Farm School the 
* sum of $200, the interest of which to be annually expended on the 
purchase of books for the library. 

I cannot close my report without giving my thanks to the Direc- 
tor, Household Principal, and Faculty, to the Board and to the 
Ladies' Auxiliary Committee for the conscientiousness 
of their work and for the cordial aid they have at all ^•'^"ks for help 

11 -^ . 1 , / from friends. 

times extended to me. Our special thanks are due to 
Governor Pennypacker and to the Legislature of our State for their 
grant to our School of $6,000 annually, for two years, and to the 
Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia for their annual grant 
of $6,400. We desire to extend our hearty thanks to the various 
donors and benefactors of our School, to whose names and donations 
we shall devote a special page in our annual report. 

The eighth year in the history of the National Farm School has 
in many respects been epochal. It has brought a donation of a new 
dormitory, which, when completed and equipped, will 
represent a worth of $50,000. It has Avitnessed almost o?grtaUesuits!"' 
the completion of a $5/'»,ooo Endowment Fund. 


Let US hope that tlic next 3-ear will keep pace \\ith the progress 
that has been made in the 3'ear 1904-1905. Let us trust that when 
we meet again in annual session we shall be able to 
"''^^ betterment ^^port that our Endowment Fund of $50,000 is com- 
pleted, our deficit has been wiped out, that all our 
urgent needs have been met, and accommodations have been pro- 
vided for the admission and training of a much larger number of 
boys than can now avail themselves of the benefits of our institution. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JOS. KRAUSKOPF, President. 



SEPTEMBER 30th, 1905. 

TLadies and Gentlemen : 

The regular financial statement of the Xational Farm School 

for this year, is, I am happy to say, supplemented with an account 

of an Endowment Fund. Although at previous meet- 

c!h!'^' °„ f"ir„„H ings, as you v/ill remember, attention has been called 

Endowment Fund ° . ■' 111 ri •• 

to an mvestment on the books of the institution, yet 
the amount was so small in comparison to the absolute money needs 
of the School that it would have appeared almost farcical w^ere it not 
that it represented the nucleus of a better financial condition. 

Our worthy President has informed you how the Endowment 
Fund was started and the success it has attained ; he has not, how- 
ever, mentioned that the success of it is owing almost 
PresWenT ^ Solely to his individual efforts. It is not, however, upon 
this point that I wish particularly to dwell, but as 
Treasurer of the School, a few brief remarks regarding our financial; 
condition, together with the investment of the funds committed to 
my charge may not be amiss. 

In an Institution such as the Farm School, it is necessary that 
the officers should feel the responsibility of their positions at all 
times, and more especially is this the case w^hen the investment of 
funds for the ftiture maintenance of the school is at issue. 

It has been the aim, therefore, of those entrusted with the invest- 
ment of these funds, that onh- such investments as in their minds 
Endowment Fund represented safe, solid, collateral, should be in any way* 
co'lfser^'at'ive^^^^ Considered. It has been my misfortune since I have 
'"^""er. been Treasurer, to not have been able to carry a bal- 

ance of any moment on the books of the School to the credit of the 
General Fund. A glance at the items of expenditure will, however, 
explain somewhat why this should be the case. 

We are toda3^ in so far as our capital account is concerned ap- 
proximately $3000 better ofif than we were at this time last year, 
this amount having, been expended for betterments to our institution. 


Consideration of the fact that the Farm School, in so far as its 
plant and equipment is concerned, was never in as good a condition 
as at present, and that the moral of the School was Whiie the School is 

, . , -11 T 1 1 • n • '" splendid condi- 

never higher, will, 1 am sure, be a pleasiner reflection tion yet an indebt- 

^ ,. , , , , ., 1 . n . edness of $7,000 

to those interested m the work, and while this reflection exists, 
does not help our bank account, yet it is somewhat comforting. 

The eftorts expended in increasing our Endowment Fund mil- 
itated somewhat against the obtaining of money for general expenses 
and also burdened the general account with extra expense, so that, 
as the President has informed you, we are today facing an indebt- 
edness of $7000. 

One word before closing, a discrepancy will be noticed by you 
between the amount of the Endowment fund as mentioned by the 
President and the amount as submitted to you by me. This arises 
from the fact that some of our subscriptions are contingent upon 
obtaining the $50,000, inclusive of the contingent subscription, and 
some contributions cover periods of from two to five years before 
they will be fully paid up. 

All of course are obtainable for the asking and we trust it will 
not be long before Ave are able to consider the $50,000 Endowment 
Fund as an accomplished fact. 

With these few remarks I therefore submit to you, for your 
consideration, a statement of receipts and expenditures of the Gen- 
eral Fund, together with paid up receipts and investments of the 
Endowment Fund. 

Respectfully submitted, 

I. H. SILVERMAN, Treasurer. 




Cash in bank October ist, 1904. 5^4-23 

Received account dues and donations $7,416.38 

Received account sale farm products . 697.28 

Received account Federation of Charities 6,290.00 

Received account State of Pennsylvania 5,250.00 

Borrowed from bank 1,970.00 

Received for tuition 670.00 

Interest on Funds and Deposits 222.45 

Received, sundry accounts 645.17 23,161.28 

^ , . . ^23,725.51 

Cash in hands of Director, as per previous report 100.00 

Total -. $23,825.51 


Brought forward, $23,825.51 


Beds and bedding $ 219.65 

Brooms and brushes 2.75 

Conveyance (telephone, freight, car fare, etc.) . . 1,442.68 

Dry goods 900.88 

Fixtures 171 -43 

Fuel 991.94 

Furniture and furnishings 127.83 

Groceries 764.48 

Insurance 132.60 

Lighting 240.38 

Printing and stationery 483.36 

Plumbing 137-25 

Provisions 2,258.98 

Supplies, Educational 502.43 

Supplies, Farm 1,649.97 

Supplies, Medical 122.25 

Salaries, Ofiicers 1,814.30 

Salaries, Teachers 4,524.50 

Wages 2,571.17 

Sundries 94-59 

Taxes i75-8i 19,329.23 

S 4,496.28 

Less amount expenses paid on account of secur- 
ing Endowment Fund $1,000.00 

Less amount charged to Betterment account of 

Permanent Improvements 2,662.37 3,662.37 

Balance on hand S 833.91 

Consisting of, cash in bank $ 683.91 

Cash in hands of Director and Household Prin- 
cipal 150.00 833.91 

The above account shows simply the cash account of the past 

Outstanding debts on the books amount to $6,929.89 

Balance on hand 833.91 

Total deficit $6,095.98 



Endowmient as per previous report $ 4,882.50 

Received account Endowment Fund, 1905 19,749.27 

Total amount received $24,631.77 


Brought forward, $24,631.77 

I St Mortgagee 6%, 224 N. Ohio Ave., Atlantic 

City, N. J , . $3,500.00 

1st ^Mortgage 6%, 117 Florida Ave., Atlantic 

City, N. J 2,600.00 

1st Mortgage 5%, 814 and 830 to 840 Moya- . , 

mensing Ave., Philadelphia, Pa 8,400.00 

1st Mortgage 5%, 775 S. 3rd St., Philadelphia, 

Pa 2,000.00 

1st Mortgage 5%, 305 S. 6th St., Philadelphia, 

Pa 2.700.00 

5000 Market St. "L." 4's @ loi 5,050.00 24,250.00 

Balance uninvested $ 381.77 


Farm School, Pa., Dec. 4, 1905. 

President of the Board of Managers, National Farm School, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

'Sly Dear Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report 
of the National Farm School for the year ending December ist. 1905 : 

The past year has been an unusuall}' prosperous one, both in 
the School and on the farm. The changes in the dormitory afforded 
during the past year additional comforts to the pupils, 
so that thev could have the advantage of an individual ^^^ ^®^'" ^ 

r "^ 1 rr^i • 1 11-1 ■ n prospcrous One. 

room for study. Ihis has had its salutary influence 
upon the scholarship. The work performed in the class room has 
been as good as in former years, and superior in some departments. 
The donation of a case of over 150 minerals has given us facilities in 
the line of teaching chemistry and mineralogy, which are appre- 
ciated. We have also increased the amount of apparatus for experi- 
ments in chemistry and physics,- which have added greatly to the 
efficiency of instruction in these departments. 

The total number of pupils receiving instruction and training 
during the past year has been 63. The number graduated on June 
last was 6. The number of students leaving, having 
received partial courses is 14. The number at the students, 
institution at the present time is 43. The library has 
grown during the past year, but not so many books have been added 
as in former years. We are in need of some of the newer books upon 
agricultural subjects, also the two sets of books, the American 
Statesmen series, and ilie American Commonwealth series. The 
latter two are really indispensable for instruction along the line of 
American history and economics. The number of books withdrawn' 
during the past year was over 1,000. 


The Horticultural Department has cultivated during" the past 
year 4^2 acres, 2 of which were devoted to truck, i to strawberries. 
Horticultural and i^ acres to peaches. For the proceeds of these 

Department, ettorts I refer you to the Chairman on Farm Product. 

The farm or General Agricultural Department, comprised dur- 
ing the past year the home farm, together with Schoenfeld farm No. 
2. The following crops have been raised during the 
Farm Department, past year : I acre of buckwheat, 2 acres of barn-yard 
millet, 2 acres of Hungarian grass, 16 acres of corn, 8 
acres of potatoes, 6 acres of turnips, 9 acres of tomatoes, 6 acres of 
peas and oats. The dairy herd has grown within the past year from 
16 cows to 25 at the present time, and 7 young heifers, 9 calves and 
I very promising bull. 

Results from this department are very gratifying, as will be seen 
by the Farm Product Report. 

We have ploughed, limed and manured and seeded to clover 6 
acres. We have seeded to winter grain 17 acres. We have seeded to 
crimson clover for spring crops 16 acres. 

The Poultry Department has in every way been a success. The 
results to be submitted to you by your Chairman of Products cannot 
Poultry Departm't. be Considered as anything but gratifying. 

We have built within the year, largely by means of the boys' 
work, one implement shed 63 feet long and 18 feet wide, and a barn 
capable of accommodating 20 head of cattle. A list 
of the farm implements and tools is hereby appended. 

Respectfully submitted, 



Ladies and Gentlemen : 

Your Committee has no desire to impose upon 3^ou the perusal 
of figures, which will doubtless appear in detail in your Treasurer's 
report, and would consequently be merely a repetition. 

It will suffice to state that the total purchases for maintenance 

of your institution for the fiscal year ending September 31st, 1905, 

were $9,015.92. This does not include insurance, sal- 

»n/™^!ltLo!.!f„ aries or taxes, as these latter three items do not come 

tor maintenance. , , . . , . . -j. 

under the provmce of your purchasmg committee. In 

the sum above named appears the item of $1,649.97 ^o^' Farm Sup- 
plies, which should not be included in the cost of maintaining the 
school, thus reducing that sum to $7,365.97. 

Taking the lowest number of students at 40, the actual cost of 
clothing and maintaining each student was $184.15 per year. This 
, « , ■ low cost of furnishing supplies to the School was pos- 

Low cost of main- .. - ^ . => ^^ , . - ^ 

tenance due to sible of Consummation only because of the generous 
kindness of those aid and support extended by many of the firms by 
selling goods to whom Supplies were furnished, as your Committee 
^ °° ' endeavors to procure all supplies direct from manufac- 

turers, or wholesale firms, and these firms have favored us by 

i ^ 

= o 

^ o 

Ji C 

a "0 


tiuotiiii;' .^i)eci:il reduced prices to our School, and in many instances 
charging" their actual cost price, and in some cases have made dona- 
tions of merchandise to us. 

For all favors received 3-our Committee desires to embrace this 
opportiuiity to express its appreciation and sincere thanks. 

Respectfully submitted, 




Ladies and Gentlemen : 

As Chairman of Property Committee of The National Farm 
School, I beg- to submit herewith for your consideration a report 
covering" the period of our fiscal year ending September 30, 1905. 

The value of our plant is at least $75,000, and growing in value 
yearly, and consists of farms, buildings, silos, library, household 
furniture, tools and implements (live stock, poultry, ^^^^^^ ^^ p^^.^ ^^^ 
etc., not included). Buildings. 

The School Farm has an area of 125 acres 

The Flora Schoenfeld Memorial Farm, No. i, area 38 " 

The Flora Schoenfeld Memorial Farm, No. 2. area 44 " 

Total 205 '' 


No. I. Main Building. ^'O- 6. Two large Barns, Imple- 

T.T ^ ,-, , ment and Tool Sheds 

No. 2. Two Green-houses. attached. 

No. 3. Laboratory. No. 7. Directors' House. 

No. 4. Chapel. ' ^'o- ^- Poult^-y House, -Pump 

and Pump House, 
No. 5. Dairy. Tanks, C. 

Additions and alterations during the past year have been very 
extensive, involving" outlay of approximately $3,000. An addition 
has been made to the Main Building, consisting of bath Additions and 
and store rooms ; an implement shed has been built, alterations during 
and owing to the increase in live stock, an additional ^^^ P^^t year, 
barn was an imperative necessity. 

A reservoir for water supply with a storage capacity of 7,000 
gallons, was erected and placed in service. 

Naturally while these additions to our plant materially increased 
our operating expenses, yet they have enhanced the value of our 
property to a far greater extent than the money appro- 
priated for the purpose, as a majority of the work was ^o^p^fned'^for''the 
performed by our students ; the amount of $3,000 pre- most part by the 
viously mentioned, was expended to a great extent for students, 
materials only. AA^hile this outlay will not be recur- 
ring, yet there are certain additions which are absolutely necessary. 

The following recommendations are submitted for your consid- 
eration : 


Xo. I. Xe\v Brooder to replace one destroyed by fire. 

Xo. 2. Additions and alterations to Director's residence. Both 
items X'^os. i and 2 not to exceed $700. 

Xo. 3. Lig-hting facilities are woefully inadequate. A new and 
large lighting plant is an absolute necessity. 

Xo. 4. Engine, portable engine for thrashing, filling silos and 
other general purposes. 

Xo. 5. Fire escapes should be erected on Main Building. 

'Xo. 6. A cold storage plant would be a useful addition. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Chairman Property Committee. 


Since above report for fiscal year ending September 30th was 
written, the building of the new dormitory has commenced, of which 
the following is a description : 

The building is to contain a RECREATIOX ROO^I, LAUX- 
DRY and DORMITORIES to accommodate additional boys. Archi- 
What the new tecturally it will be on the lines of the Georgian Period 
building will English Renaissance. Materials used being granite for 

'^°"*^'"- the base, a yellowish grey pressed brick for the main 

structure, and buft Indiana limestone for the trimmings. 

It has been the desire of the Trustees to provide for the students 
a large RECREATIOX' ROO^VI, where they might rest for a short 
. period between the manual labors and their study 

ro^oms.'' '"" ° ^ hours. Such a. room is needed where boys could be 
boys, and they could rough it as much as they pleased,. 
This room or hall occupies the greater part of the first floor, and is 
to be 2*5 X 50 feet. It will have six windows, a large fire-place, and 
at one end there will be a half dozen shower-baths, lavatory, etc. 
The balance of the space of the first floor will be devoted to office or 
reception room. 

On the second floor are to be DORMITORIES aranged in 
cubicles to accommodate twenty-one pupils, also a good-sized mas- 
ter's room, store-closet and toilet. 

In the_ basement is to be the POAVER-PLAXT, which will sup- 
ply the building with steam heat, electric light, and which will also- 
provide power for the Laundry. 

As a wing to the building, the LAUXDRY is erected, providing 
this very necessary adjunct of the domestic regime of the School, 
but at the same time being distinct and apart from the balance of the 
building, which is for the use of the boys themselves. The Laundry 
will be equipped with the very latest and best machinery of its kind" 
and with a capacity which has in view the growth of the school. 

The building is to be finished in oak, the plumbing to be the 
best of its kind ; each cubicle or dormitory room having a window 
The buiidin t b °^ ^^^ owm. The entire building will be well ventilated 
wei'i finished. " ^ ^^'^ heated. The details of construction of the building 
- have been carefully considered so that in its mainte- 
nance there will be a minimum of expense. 



Ladies and Gentlemen : 

The report to be submitted for your consideration, covers a 
period of twelve months ending September 30, 1905. 

I am pleased to say that at no time in the history of the School 
has the farm been in as good a condition as to-day, nor have we at 
any time ever had an aggregation of live stock which represented as 
large a capital as at present. 

Our crops this year, owing to good scientific husbandry, have 
been greater than ever before, and full barns and crowded stables 
give evidence of our welfare. 

The great increase in our live stock has not been obtained at a 
cost of lowering the grade of our animals, and in fact we are carry- 
ing to-day more thoroughbred cattle, chickens, etc., than ever before. 

A visit to the School at this time, when everything has been 
made ready for winter, will well repay the trouble, and our friends 
will have an opportunity of comparing our condition this year with 
that of those preceding. 

Trusting that you wall avail yourselves of the invitation, and 
assuring you that you v/ill enjoy the Aasit, I beg to submit to 3"OU a 
Teport of produce obtained, used and sold, together with a detailed 
list of all live stock on hand. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Chairman of Committee on Farm Products. 


Products Obtained. 

Radishes, bunches 485 

Lettuce, heads 622 

Mushrooms, pounds 30 

Apples, bushels 232 

Green-house tomatoes, quarts.. 432 

Field tomatoes, bushels 90 

Carnations, dozen 35 

Onions, bushel 28 

Carrots, bushel 27 

Parsnips, bushel 39 

Parsley, bunches 104 

Celerv, bunches 82 

Spinach, bushels 55 

Cucumbers, dozen 45 

Strawberries, quarts 200 

Currants, quarts 50 

Beets, bushel 70 

Beans, bushel 43 

Cabbage, heads 65 

Cauliflower, dozen 3 

Squash, bushel 12 

Turnips, bushel 15 

Rutabagas, bushels 8 

Corn, ears 4,90O 

This work has been performed entirely by the boys of the school, 
both as required work and also class instruction. 


Products Obtained. 

Ha}', tons 100 

Corn silage, tons 130 

Peas and Oats silage, tons.... 24 

AVheat, bushels 90 

Straw, tons 6 

Rye, bushels 250 

Straw, tons 14 

Turnips, bushels 74° 

Tomatoes, bushels 3,ooo 

Apples, bushels 500 

Corn, bushels 1,500 

Milk supplied to Boarding De- 
partment, pounds 23,014 

Butter supplied to Boarding 

Department, pounds 1,288 

Cream supplied to Boarding 

Department, quarts 361 

Butter sold, pounds 609 

IMilk sold, quarts 4.054 

Cream sold, quarts 90 

Milk for the year, pounds.... 79,939 


The average number of cows in the herd for the year has been 
21, and the average income per cow at wholesale rates for the pro- 
duce disposed of has been $61.32. It is hoped in the next year to 
increase both the number of the herd and the income. 


The Poultry Department consists of 144 hens, 18 ducks, and 34 
5^oung chickens, Num.ber of eggs supplied the boarding department, 
660 dozen ; the eggs sold, 560 dozen ; incubated and used for class 
room instruction, 145 dozen; total, 1,365 dozen. The fowl supplied 
to the boarding department, 126. The average price of eggs was 21 
cents; income given, $319.20. 

. Cash sales from the farm for year ending September 30, 
$1,145.97; dairy products supplied the boarding department, 
$838.92; 376 bushels potatoes supplied the boarding department, 
$211.25; 250 bushels of apples suoplied the boarding department, 



Horses 10 

Mules 2 

Colt I 

Cows, milking 23 

Cows, dry 2 

Suckling I 

Bulls I 

Heifers 7 

Calves 9 

Hogs 6 

Lambs and sheep 13 


Hens _. 14s 

Cockrels l6- 

Cocks 5 

Chicks 52 

Ducks 20 

Ducklings II 


The Chairman of above Committee submitted a verbal report 
to the effect that great care had been taken in admitting boys during 
the past year, ten applications onlv having been acted upon favorably 
this fall.' 


Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 4, 1905. 

To the President and Board of Directors of the National Farm 
School, Doylestown, Pa. 

Gentlemen : — i\Iy last inspection of the Clara Schoenfeld Me- 
morial Farm, No. i, in October, convinced me that it was in much 
better condition in every respect than it had been in the years 1905 
and 1904. 

The barn, stables, pig-stalls, hennery, and the addition of a new 
silage tower, as well as the caretaking of the tools and implements^ 

pro\-ed that its tenant [a student) Jacob Xorx'ick, had Praise for the con- 
made good use of his time. The soil sliowed honest '"''«" °' ^^^"^ 
endeavor to improve and enrich it. This was proved °' '" 
by a good crop of potatoes, corn, and tomatoes, the sale of which 
and other produce enabled him to pay to the School the balance of 
his indebtedness due for rent and the purchase of stock and farming 
implements. The farm is well supplied with all needed tools, plows, 
cultivators, harrows and various other implements. There are two 
horses, one cow, two pigs, poultry and a good supply of fodder, hay, 
straw, rye, wheat, oats, corn and potatoes. 

Accompanied by our Director, I also inspected the Schoenfeld 
Farm, No. 2, and must say that I was highly pleased Avith the results 
from a radical but judicious treatment of the soil. It Farm No. 2 in a 
was enriched by a treatment of carbonate of lime, which very creditable 
resulted in as fine a crimson clover as I have ever seen, condition. 
This was followed by a good crop of corn, which in turn by a fair 
crop of potatoes, corn and cow-peas, the latter being plowed under 
to give additional nutrition to the soil. A fine crop of early tomatoes 
on this farm realized approximately $50 per acre, evincing conclu- 
sively what rotary planting, scientific testing and treatment of the 
soil can make out of a worn-out and neglected farm. The house 
since it was improved and cement coated by the students, guided by 
our Director, is noAv dry and tenantable, giving a nice studying and 
sleeping room for some of the students. The condition of both the 
Schoenfeld Memorial Farms is certainly creditable and gratifying. 

Subjoined I submit herewith a statement of the investment of 
the Flora Schoenfeld Memorial Fund in these two farms, together 
with balance on hand September 30, 1905. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Chairman Committee on Schoenfeld Farms. 

Account of Investment of the Flora Schoenfeld 
Memorial Fund. 

Original Donation, ^ $10, coo 00 

Farm No. i. 

Real Estate and Buildings . |4,4M 05 

Live Stock 463 64 

Tools and Implements 394 63 

Furniture and Furnishings, 39 5^ 

5. 311 84 

Farm No. 2. 

Real Estate and Buildings 52.528 02 

Livestock 491 60 

Tools and Implements, 190 00 

3,209 62 

|8,52i 46 
Balance unexpended in hands of R. Blum, Treasurer of 

Flora Schoenfeld Memorial Fund, |i,478 54 


Graduation of Students and Memorial Exercises 

JUNE 4th, J905. 

Oratory, music, flags and a great concourse of representative 
men and "women marked the fourth commencement exercises at the 
National Farm School at Doylestown. Special interest attached to 
the occasion by reason of the presence and participation of well- 
known men from Philadelphia and New York. Among these was 
Mr. Jacob H. Schift, of New York, who awarded the diplomas to 
the graduates. Mr. Schiff was accompanied by Mrs. Schiff. Mr, 
and Mrs. Nathan Bijur, of New York, were also present, and Mr. 
Bijur was the orator at the graduation exercises in the afternoon. 
The most prominent men and women in Philadelphia's Jewish cir- 
cles were in attendance. 

The grounds presented a most inviting appearance in the bright 
June sunshine, and the scene was one of color and animation as the 
special train, carrying about 500 friends of the institution, stopped 
at the Farm School station, where the students, in their natty mili- 
tary uniforms, stood at attention and received the visitors. Flags 
were flying from the buildings and the place was in gala attire. 


The first part of the program consisted of the commencement 
services. The president and founder of the school, the Rev. Dr. 
Joseph Krauskopf, presided. After a ''Triumphal March" by the 
large orchestra, under the leadership of I\Ir. Abe Wilsky, the Rev. 
Eli Mayer delivered an invocation. 

Rev. Dr. Harris' Baccalaureate Sermon. 

The Rev. Dr. ^Maurice H. Harris, of New York, then preached 
the baccalaureate sermon. He said : — 

In the Hosea we run across this curious declaration: "He (Israel), is 
a merchant; the balances of deceit are in his hand. He said: Yea, I have 
become rich, I have found me out substance." 

Israel's Former Calling That of Agriculture. 

Xow the Hebrew for that v.ord merchant is "Canaanite." What then is 
the significance of the Prophet's statement? Israel's calling was that of agri- 
culture. Their surrounding neighbors, the Canaanites, were the merchants. 
When Hosea applies the term to Israel, he uses it as a reproach, the impli- 
cation that some were turning from their true vocation. 

How "completely has the iron of historj' reversed this situation! Israel 
has become the Canaanite, the merchant of the modern world. When we say 


that the Hebrews were originally an agricultural people, we hardly realize 
how far-reaching was that truth. In the classic Bible era agriculture was 
not only the basis of the state, but also of religion. It was the whole setting 
of Israel's life. Israel's early kings were farmers. Saul was taken from the; 
plow, Ahaziah "loved husbandry," and the Prophet Amos was called frorrt 
gathering of the sycamore fruit to preach the word of God. 

When Isaac would transmit to his son the great blessing, mark how he 
words it: "May God give thee of the dew of heaven and the fatness of the 
earth, and plenty of corn and wine." The very proverbs of the people natu- 
rally take their illustration from the most familiar occupation. "Go to the' 
ant thou sluggard, consider her ways and be wise; which having no guide, 
overseer, or ruler, provideth her meat in the summer, and gathered her food' 
in the harvest." And again, "He that tilleth the land shall have plenty of" 
bread." There is still later the injunction of Ben Sirach: "Hate not hus- 
bandry appointed bj- the Most High." 

Already I have said that the Jewish religion is portrayed on an agricultural 
background. The Decalogue in its fourth precept bids the people give rest: 
to the cattle on the Sabbath from the plow; and in the Tenth they are w^arned. 
against coveting their neighbors' fields. Agriculture offered the materials 
for worship. We see the pilgrims going to the Temple with their first fruit 
offerings. The expression of gratitude for these products forms the first 
ritual praj-er in the Scripture. The three great festivals are agricultural — 
Passover, the barle}' harvest; Pentecost, the wheat harvest; Tabernacles, 
the grape harvest. The unleavened bread of Passover depicts not only the 
forced haste of Israel's departure from Ejgypt, but the thankful haste of the 
worshiper to bring without delay the first ripened products of the soil. The 
floral decoration of the synagogues on Pentecost is again a harvest symbol. 
The ver}- name means the Fiftieth Daj-, the time needed from Passover for 
the ripening of the wheat. So they counted the days of the seven intervening 
weeks, counted the Omar, that is the sheaves. The Succah was first a har- 
vest booth, and the Jew still holds the palm and the citron in his hand on 
that joyous day when he recites the Hallel of praise. 

Our liturgy falls into two divisions: the summer ritual, when we pray 
for dew, and the winter in which we pray for weather corresponding to the 
climatic conditions of Palestine. So the calendar provides for "the new year 
of trees," in bleak March when the first buds appear upon the boughs. 

Ancient Prophecies and Precepts Drawn from Agricultural Con- 

When the lawgiver ]\Ioses in his farewell address points out the recom- 
pense of obedience and the punishment of sin, his examples are all drawn 
from agricutural conditions. "If thou hearken diligently to the voice of tlie 
Lord, blessed shaft thou be in the field, blessed shall be the fruit of thy 
ground and of thy cattle; blessed shall be thy basket and thy store." But 
if he failed to observe the statutes of the Lord, then accursed 
would he be in all these corresponding respects. Then the later 
prophets portray the consequences of a back-slidinjg Israel, they take 
the form of locusts and drought. All the great institutions of ancient Hebrew 
life — the Sabbatic year, once in seven, and the jubilee, once in fiftj^ are plan- 
ned for a nation of husbandmen. So. too, the laws of inheritance, the main- 
tenance of priests and of temples. 


And looking to the ultimate future, the golden Messianic age, the prophet 
can depict no more beautiful condition than that the day shall come, "when 
the plowman shall overtake the reaper, the treader of grapes, him that soweth 
seed; when the mountains shall drop sweet wine." 

So completely were the Israelites, even of Solomon's day, a people of 
the fields, that when he would build the temple, he must send for the artisans 
to the north and must pay annually for labor, corn, oil and balm. 

Yes, the Phoenicians were the traders in those days; and when the wise 
king began to plan the commercial undertaking, it was under Phoenician 
guidance that Judah's ships of Tarshish sailed to Spain and India. But even 
as late as the days of Josephus, just before the fall of the temple, when the 
calendar had turned the corner from B. C. to A. C, we find him in his able 
defense of the Jews against their detractors, pointing to them as the agricul- 
turists, in contrast with their surroundings who neglected husbandry. ''The 
Jews delight not in maritime expedition nor in merchandise, but take pains 
with cultivating the soil." 

The form of persecution that turned the Jew from the country fields to 
the dusty highways and made him a peddler of wares, was ultimately suc- 
cessful. In the first stage he became a trader by force, in the second a trader 
by preference, following a natural human law. It is true that we never find 
the Jews divorced from the soil. For, taking a glance at this continent, one 
author tells us that in the middle of the sixteenth century the Jews trans- 
planted sugar-cane from Madeira to Brazil, and, later still, our brethren in 
Georgia transplanted vine and silk culture from Portugal to North America. 

Still we may say that the world's generalization is true— whatever the 
ancient or the early mediaeval Jew may have been, the modern Jew is a trader 
par excellence. But commerce has probably done as much as any other hu- 
man agency to further civilization of men. In this respect it is one of the 
humble hand- maidens of religion. We do not, therefore, quite agree with 
the prophecy voiced by the rabbis, that in future aU handicrafts will turn to 
working of the soil, though it is interesting to learn that they cherished that 
ideal. We rather find the tendency is the other way. Nor need we deplore 
it. When the modern world came to be based on an industrial foundation, 
it superceded the earlier status of a military foundation. This means that 
the era of trade and handicraft conquered the age of war. Commerce is the 
chief ally of peace. 

Commercial Status of the Jew To-day, Deplored. 

Yet there is a something in the wholly commercial status of the Jew 
of to-day that is to be deplored, which we must at once modify, and the be- 
ginning of the establishment of Jewish agricultural schools from 1844 in 
Bavaria to the National Farm School in America, whose anniversary we 
celebrate to-day, is doing the work of modification. We cannot expect to 
restore the original status and turn all Jewry into agriculturists. While his- 
tory repeats itself, it never quite repeats itself; we cannot turn back the dial 
on the face of time. The world to-day is both commercial and agricultural 
and that is the status that we must create among the Jews. We must restore 
the balance. The Jew must be known in the world as a merchant and as a 
fanner. The world needs both services and both types. He must be active 
iti both directions. There is nothing to be deplored in that the Jews devote 
themselves to the cultivation of their intellect and seek those vocations that 


-give opportunity for mental ability. A danger does arise when the Jew 
comes to follow that bent exclusively — a danger if not to the worlld, at least 
to the Tew. I can see nothing sadder for the future of our people than that 
they 5-houId be wholly divorced from the soil and that they shall only know 
the urban side of life, that they shall come in contact with the products of 
the fields only indirectly as middlemen. 

Jews Too Prosaic. 

I learned recently that an observer has noticed that the Jews feel a sen- 
timent for flowers in a smaller degree than their neighbors. They see the 
prosaic .side of land as cut up into building lots, affording opportunity for 
speculation. Not as seen by Coleridge when "Earth with her thousand voices 
praises God." Could a modern Jew write a spring poem like the Song of 
Songs to-day, or make us feel the breath of Nature as did Jehudah Halevi? 

But there is a greater evil still in any community living wholly in the 
city. The town, being the centre of thought, is also the centre of scepticism. 
The strength of the Church lies in the fact that every year there come from 
the country to the town reinforcements of young pcop'lie bringing their fresh 
and simple faith acquired in the fields and vineyards of the land. Therefore, 
perhaps, the crudest persecution of Russia against the Jews is the driving 
them from the country places and forcing them into the town and only of 
th; Pale at that. So we find in consequence the Jews, who once were the 
patterns of believers and whose mission was to be the witnesses of God, 
contributing more than their proportion of sceptics to the unbelievers of 
the world. 

Brains Needed for Agriculture. 

Of course, we need brains for agriculture, just as we need them for com- 
merce, and the man who will learn to make two blades of grass grow in a 
space that hitherto could produce but one will be a successful agriculturist. 
The work of the farmer is by no means exclusively manual, but there is a 
nice proportion of brain and hand that not only produces the best product 
phys'icalij, the finest physique, but the healthy body reacting on the healthy 
mind saves it from the morbidness of exclusive civic life, where the muscles 
grow Lix and the nervous sytem breaks down firom excessive brain concen- 

So we hail you young men and your successors, the Jewish farmers of 
to-d.iy and to-morrow. You are contributing to save the modern Jew from 
a dangerous situation. You are helping to restore a true balance, you are 
helping to produce the muscular types of early agricultural Israel. So while 
we do not expect in our Messianic future a human status wholly agricultural, 
yet, modifying the Prophet's words somewhat, let us hope that, at least, many 
of our brethien will beat their pens .into reaping machines and their type- 
writers into plowshares, that some, at least, of the humbler classes may not 
have to live in the congested slum and the noisesome tenement, but be able 
to sit under their own vines and their own fig-trees. 

Blessings on the School. 

God bless the school and its founders by blessing their work. May the 
numbers that annually graduate from this farm and others like it in North 
and South America, in Palestme and the Caucasus, still increase and find 
their happy homes and futures in the wide vistas and rich uplands of the 


country-side. And may they, like their fathers of old, once more gather in- 
spiration from natiire's beauty under the silent sky. May they, too, be awed 
by its majesty so that its mystic lessons may thi-iU their souls. Who shall 
say but that a Boaz or a Hosea of to-morrow, stirred to glorious exaltation 
by nature's magnificence, uplifted by its grandeur may not see in the won- 
drous providence of the annual harvest another revelation and turn from 
nature- to nature's God? 


Following the commencement service, the annual custom of 
consecrating memorial trees on the grounds of the school for de- 
parted friends of the institution was observed for the following: — 

Charles Alshuler, Ernestine Wieder, 

Louis Prince, Bernard Laub, 

Sarah S. Berg, Wolf W. Wolf, 

Helen Prince, David Meyer, 

Elsie Binswanger, Mary Wolf, 

Benj. Reckendorfer, Joseph Louchheim, ' 

Henry R. DaCosta, Isaac Wolf, 

Bertha Reckendorfer, James M. Northman, 

Sallie G. Greenwald, Sarah Wolf, 

David Samuels, Arthur L. Northman, 

Helen Jacobs, . Augusta M. Zeller, 

Jacob L. Silberman, Lillie Northman, 

Moses H. Lichten, Sina Zeller, 

Benjamin Simons. Hulda Oppenheimer, 

Ludwig Lieberman, Minnie Feineman. 

David L. Weinlander, Sophie B. Forster, 

Isador Liberman, Samuel Wertheimer. 

These exercises consisted of appropriate musical selections, ad- 
dresses by Professor S. Rowe, of the University of Pennsylvania; 
Rabbi Henry M. Fisher, of Atlantic City ; Miss Josephine Pope 
and Robert J. Byron, and the pronouncing of the Kaddish and bene- 
diction by the Rev. William Armhold. 

Rabbi Fisher Consecrates Trees. 

Rabbi Fisher performed the ceremon}^ of consecration, speak- 
ing on ''The Significance of Planting Memorial Trees." It was by 
such memorials as this, he said, that we pay the highest tribute to 
the dead by best serving the living. Rabbi Henry M. Fisher spoke 
as follows : — 

Mine is a solemn task. For the necessity obtains of sounding a minor 
note even while all is bright with joy and hope. For there is no question 
but that some of us are present whose hearts are heavy indeed, and whose 
memories arc sadly stirred. They mourn for the dear departed. They are; 
here to pay tribute to their dead, an exceptional tribute, indeed. 


Respect and Veneration Due the Departed. 

History tells us that generations, even in the remotest past, have planted 
some memorial l-j the dead. No marble too costlj^ nor bronze too rich, nor 
work of mineral or metal too magnificent to serve as monument to the dead. 
And yet as we seriously consider, must we not confess that only too often 
these things have been merely tributes of vanity — almost a desecration to 
the memory of those we would honor. 

. . . True, indeed, however deep our grief, no memorial avails the 
dead. They do not need our endeavor; they are at peace with God. But 
it is the living who cry to us for aid, and we are gradually learning that our 
highest trib'ite to the dead is assistance to the livinig. 

Tree Consecration a Beautiful Custom, 

. . . If the memories of those who have gone to their eternal home 
really mean something to us, the act of tree-consecration surely has its beau- 
tiful significance. As yonder trees take deep root in the earth, so may they 
teach us to become deep-rooted in righteousness, in morality and in obedience 
to God's law. As these tender saplings ascend heavenward, so may we learn 
to stand upright among men and grow in aspiration and ideality. As the 
branches wik, in the divine laboratory of nature shoot forth in every direction, 
so may we broaden in charity of action and of judgment. And as the foilage 
gives shade to the weary and to those faint in heart, so, too, may we be a 
refuge to all who need us. 

This form of memorial, so simple, so dignified, so graceful, is truly rich 
In its lessons. So then let these trees be consecrated for those who plant 
them, and may God cause the dew and the rain to descend in season and 
the sun to shine in its warmth, that all may grow in strength and beauty. 

We will pilgrim here from time to time. We will pause by our own 
trees, perchance to lift up a word of prayer or drop a tear, as the memories 
of the dead rise before us. And, then, as we turn aside and see the students 
here laboring to educate themselves into a knowledge of God's earth, may 
the recollection of the dead and the sight of the living inspire us to lend our 
aid to this institution, which is trying so bravely to give at least a partial 
solution to the vexing problems of present-day society. God grant that in 
all our ways we may so act that our whole lives may bear testimony to the 
truth of the Talmudic teaching: "The righteous exert even igreater influence 
after death than during life." 

Professor Rowe's Address. 

Professor Leo S. Rowe spoke on "The Significance of Tree Cul- 
ture in Our National Life." and said : — 

It would be a useless waste of j^our time to dwell on the close relation 
existing between the climatic and agricultural conditions of our country and 
the care and the extension of our forest preserves. 

Trees Necessary to the Welfare of the Country. 

This has been so clearly established that it may be said to have passed 
beyond the field of controversy. While, therefore, it would be the merest 
show of pendantry to argue a proposition so generally accepted, it would 
be equally presumptuous for a layman to discuss this question in any of its 
"technical details. 


I find myself, therefore, on the horns of a dilemma, with an axiomatic 
principle on the one side and a technical problem on the other. Fortunately, 
kowever, there exists a deeper relation between the subject assigned to me 
and the conditions of our national life, which may well arrest our attention 
and whore true significance we have but begun to appreciate. 

America and Energy Synonyms. 

To the nations of Europe our American civilization means energy, initia- 
tive and material advance, but it is also associated with the idea of prodigality. 
We arc looked upon as a nation, so richly endowed by nature that we have 
been permitted to indulge in luxury of wastefulness, but it is assumed that 
the day of reckoning is now approaching, if it is not already here. 

This criticism, while undoubtedl}'- just in many respects, proceeds from 
a misconception of the conditions of national progress. It is true that our 
industrial organization, conceived on a scale hitherto unknoAvn, has been 
wasteful, where European methods have been economical, but our foreign 
critics fail to see that our progress has been rapid because we have kept the 
larger ends in view and have disregarded the minor advantages. All this 
prodigality has been incident to the activities of a pioneer people. A young- 
and self-confident democracy confronted with limitless resources rarely stops 
to count the cost of its efforts. 

But the new century gives evidence of the stirring of new impulses in 
the American people; a growing speculation of the fact that the fundamental 
problems confronting the nation is the better adjustment of existing relations 
and a tetter utilization of our present production rather than the wild pur- 
suit after new resources. To an increasing extent we must shape our policy 
with reference to the interests of generations yet unborn. Hitherto the tra- 
ditional American point of view has been the immediate utilization of the 
present, leaving the future to take care of itself. 

Viewed in the light of these tendencies, .the denuding of our forests is 
not an isolated fact, but expresses the tone and temper of the American people 
during the first century of our national existence. The needs of the century 
upon which v.'e have entered are a totally different character. In our national, 
n.s in our local life, we must be prepared to make a better and more intensive 
utilization of present resources; we must subordinate the impulses of the. 
present to the larger interests of the generations to come. 

A Storehouse for the Future. 

It is this great national need which gives to tree culture its true signifi- 
cance. It is not so much the fact that we have begun to replant a certain 
number of tree? each year. This of itself might mean nothing more than a 
profitable commercial venture. The really significant fact is that the arous- 
ing of national attention to the necessity of preserving our forests and of 
replanting them v/hen" destroyed, indicates a change in national attitude which 
is one of the most hopeful signs of the times. It means a care for the future 
and a readiness and a willingness to make present sacrifices in the interests 
of posterity, which cannot help but have a vivifying influence on our national 
life. Those to whom the National Farm School each year brings its tribute 
of gratitude for the memorial trees here planted are doing a jgreat service in 
presenting this lesson of national import, not merely to the pupils of this 
institution but to that wider American public upon whom the rights of pos- 
terity cannot be too strongly impressed. 


Eulog-ies were pronounced and trees consecrated to the memory 
of INIoses H. Lichten and Jacob L. Silberman. 

Luncheon Served in Tents. 

Following the ceremony of consecrating the trees, luncheon 
was served in large tents on the Farm School grounds. 


In the afternoon the graduating exercises were held. These 
included an invocation by Rabbi Harris and an oration by Nathan 
Bijur, of New York, whose theme was "The Jew as a Farmer in 
the United States." 

Nathan Bijur's Oration. 

Mr. Bijur spoke as follows: — 

It has become somewhat the fashion to-day to insist that it is the duty 
•of a Jew in the Ijnited States to become a farmer in order that he may, as 
it were, justify his existence in this country. 

No Jew Need Justify His Choice of Occupation. 

Now, while I am not one of those who believe that it is incumbent upon 
"the Jew to obtrude his racial individuality upon, or constantly assert his re- 
ligious belief in the presence of his fellow-citizens or his government, I have 
ton keen an .ippreciation of the principles upon which this government was 
fo uided to concur for one moment with the intimation that in the United 
'States of America the Jew, as a Jew, has need to justify his choice of occu- 

Religious liberty^ as understood in the United States and as incorporated 
in its fundamental polity, negatives any such notion. 

For the 1irst enunciation and practical application of this doctrine we 
must look to Roger Williams. He it was who was driven from the Massa^ 
chusetts Boy Colony in 1635 because he insisted "That the magistrate ought 
not to punish the breach of the first table (namely, the first four command- 
ments governing the relation of man to God), otherwise than in such cares 
as did disturb the civil peace." He persuaded the settlers in his new colony 
of the Providence plantations to sign an agreement submitting themselves to 
the orders of the body politic "only in civil things." 

In 1785 the Legislature enacted its famous "Declaratory Act" which had 
"been drawn by Jefferson in 1777 and was finally passed through the advocacy 
■of Madison. The act asserts the right of freedom in matters of religious 
opinion and practice "and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge 
■or affect civil capacities." 

The Jew Must, However, Return to His Old Life — Agriculture. 

But the Jew does owe something to himself, and, in that sense, it is his 
•duty to resume in the New World the occupation which he followed even in 
Ol'den Palestine and which to-day is one of the most lucrative, as it is one 
'of the most necessary, pursuits. 


The farming industry of the United States is so numerous and the revenue 
derived therefrom so great that it is not surprising that so enterprising and 
industrious a citizen as the Jew has always shown himself to be, should seek 
to make his way in that field of labor. 

Never before has so much attention been given to scientific treatment 
of the soil and to careful discrimination and differentiation in the planting of 
crops. , Irrigation has only begun to indicate the vast development which it 
offers to heretofore barren empires. In parts of Kansas and Nebraska the 
comparatively newly attempted process of "dry farming"' gives promise of 
enabling substantial crops to be raised where heretofore the earth could be 
made to yield only struggling and spasmodic growths. 

Farm schools and agricultural colleges are, I was about to say, in the 
air, but it would be more literal and practical to say, everywhere on earth. 

A recent census taken by the Federal Government, without pretence of 
being complete, has brought to light the fact that there are over five thousand 
young men studying at the various agricultural colleges of the United States. 
Not only our own West, and for that matter, the East, too, with it so-called 
abandoned farms, but our new island possessions, are crying out for men 
skilled in the art of agriculture. 

Brains Needed in Agriculture. 

The day has .gone by when a man who "knows no more than the law 
allows," who ploughs because he has seen his neighbor plough, or digs be- 
cause his father has dug before him, is worthy to be called a farmer. Substan- 
tial farming, lucrative farming, has come to be an intelligent business gov- 
erned by the same great scientific and economic laws as other forms of 
manufacture or trade. The boor and the unambitious may remain mere farm 
laborers, but the man of intelligence and great desire finds to-day in agricul- 
ture and forestry a field for endless study, developments and creative genius. 
Modern inventions, the growth of means of transportation and communica- 
tion, have put an end to the old time isolation of mind and the intellectual 
backwardness of the farmer and bring him into daily contact with the life and 
spirit of the whole world. 

Need more arguments be adduced why Jews should be farmers. They 
should be farmers for the same reason that they should be millionaires. I 
am told that the latter business pays, I am inclined to the belief that the 
former promises equally :is well! 

Our Duty. 

I come now to our duty in this respect, the duty, namely, of those who 
are fortunate enough to have lived in this country for many decades, who 
know the land, its language and its customs, of those also who have come 
hither more recently, but who have by any form of industry acquired means; 
we owe it to the unfortunate and persecuted immigrant, not only because he 
is our brother in race and religion, but also because he has come here to 
become our American fellow-citizen, to give him an opportunity to retrieve 
by engaging in one of the greatest and most profitable occupations of the 
new world, the misfortune put upon him by the artificial limitations of the 
laws of his native land. 

It is small wonder that the vast majority of our Jewish immigrants come 
here unprepared to engage in agriculture. I quote a passage from the famous 
letter of our Secretary of State in reference to Roumania. He speaks of 


''the i-ublic Jicts which attack the inherent right of man as a breadwinner in 
waj'S of agriculture and trade" and continues, "The Jews are prohibited from 
owning land or even from cultivating it as common laborers. They are 
debarred from residing in the rural districts." 

In sfite, however, of arbitrary enactments, and by measures or methods 
which it is difficult for a non-Russian to understand, no less than 150,000 
Jews in Rus.^ia are supported by agricultural labor. The recent report of 
the Jewish Colonization Association shows that 20,000 Russian Jews are 
farmers and land owners. True, the proportion borne by these figures to 
the entire Jewish population is small, but in the face of the almost insur- 
mountable difficulties to be overcome, they are eloquent of the natural and 
unquenchable ambition of the Jew to till the soil. 

Duty Lies in Action, Not Words. 

But to perform our duty efifectually it is not enough to say to our brother 
"go, til] the land," nor even to offer him pecuniary assistance; but, for him 
and his children, we should found and equip institutions where they may learn 
how to pursue this occupation with profit and honor to themselves. Even 
more than this, remembering that he has been brought up under conditions 
whicl;, thank God. are strange to this land, that he is unfamiliar with the 
circumstances which will surround his new occupation, that the agricultural 
schools and colleges of this country are often a sealed book to him because 
he has not yet acquired proficiency in our language, we owe it to him to 
■establish institutions specially fitted to his needs, where as from Doylestown, 
he may go forth in turn to teach his kin, or, as at Woodbine, he may learn 
■"to practice the art" for himself. 

Some Successful Jewish Farmers in the United States. 

Contrary to the general notion, there are Jewish farmers in the United 
.States, in fact many of them. The last report of the Jewish Agricultural 
and Industrial Aid Society shows that during the five years of its existence 
it has come in contact with some 1,100 Jewish farmers representing over 6,000 
souls. The Jewish Agriculturalists' Aid Society of America, in Chicago; the 
Milwaukee Agricultural Association, the experimental or co-operative farm 
at Tyler, Texas, and a similar one at Kings Park, Long Island, all indicate 
statistically the trend of the Jew to agriculture in this country. From per- 
.•sonal observation any one who has traveled extensively throughout the 
United States must be convinced that the members above indicated would, 
on a careful census, be multiplied many fold. 

The Jew need make no apology as a citizen of the American Republic. 
From the day of their first recognized landing at New York, 250 years ago, 
when, even without the rights possessed by other citizens, they imdertook 
all, and more than, the obligations of citizenship, they have ever demonstrated 
their undying devotion to the land of their adoption. Of their substance men 
like Haym Salomon poured out so great a contribution to the cause of the 
American Revolution that it called forth special praise of Washington and 
Morris and Madison. 

The Jew a Patriot. 

Though industrious and peaceable in times of peace, they have not hesi- 
tated to olfer their lives freely for their country in every conflict that it has 
been forced to wage. There can be but little doubt that as the new arrivals 
coi^rie to feel more at hom.e. they will learn, for tliat country, wdiose ground 


they have v.-atered with their tears of joy and been ever ready to fertilize 
with their blcod, to so cultivate its soil, as that the desert will be made to 
bloom as a garden and two blades of grass be made to grow where but one 
has grown before. 

Mr. Schiff Presents Diplomas. 

Mr. Jacob H. Schiff, who was introduced by Dr. Krauskopf, 
was greeted with prolonged applause. In presenting the diplomas 
to the graduates, he paid a tribute to the fine work being accom- 
plished by the Rev. Dr. Joseph Krauskopf at the school. He said: 

When Dr. Krauskopf did me the honor to come out to present the 
diplomas here to-daj'^, he assured me I would not have to make an address; 
but when he* met me on the train this morning he said: "Mr. Schiflf, we shall 
expect yon to make a few remarks." I am here, and cannot help myself, 
and while I cannot make a speech I will tell you a story. 

As I was driving over the beautiful fields of the Farm School and in- 
specting tlie inviting buildings a parable came to my mind: A traveler was 
traversing the desert, bound on a long journey. He lost his way in the 
midst of the desert, where there was nothing but white sand. Fatigued and 
weary and well-nigh dead, he sank down and sleep fell, upon him. When he 
awoke he found himself lying at the foot of a beautiful oak, a little stream 
of water rippling at his feet. He drank of the water and tasted the food of 
the palm. Refreshed and rested he was ready to traA'el on. Turning to the 
tree he said: Thou has given me all, shade and food and water. What can 
I wish you? Only that every acorn that falls from you becomes a mighty 
tree like you; becomes like you a blessing. 

What can I wish to this farm school? It does its work so splendidly. 
Only that every boy it sends out rhay become like his alma mater — a blessing. 
Boys, as you go out into the world remember that "by the sweat of thy brow 
thou shall earn thy bread." Ko reward that lasts comes without honest 
work. Peace degenerates, work elevates. I wish you all happiness. 

Director Washburn's Address. 

Professor John H. Washburn, Director of the Farm School,, 
then addressed the graduates as follows : — 

To my friends, members of the graduating class. During the past three 
years we have worked together, not only for our own benefit, but for the 
m-aterial welfare of the National Farm School. Most of the many improve- 
ments and changes; which have taken place during that period were made 
possible by your co-operation. You have, therefore, been an important factor 
in working out these transformations. Those changes which interest us the 
most to-day are those which have contributed to the development of some- 
what careless and irresponsible sophomores into careful, thoughtful and in 
a high degree educated, practical graduates of an agricultural school, as. 
well as competent men of affairs. 

All Graduates Have Positions. 

It is most gratifying that all of you have secured flattering positions in 
practical agriculture, and that several among you have already begun work 
in these positions which would be eagerly sought by the graduates of any 



agricultural college in the country. And were the graduating class twice or 
three times as large, all would have been supplied with positions, for such 
has been the success of the previous graduates of our school that within the 
past two weeks and after your demands for positions had been determined 
upon, many more applications have been received, requesting our recommen- 
dation of young men possessing just the equipment you have received here. 

Such a signal success as this not only illustrates the necessity of just such 
an agricultural school as is the National Farm School, but it -very happily 
answers the critics of all agricultural schools who delight in the prophecy 
"that the graduates will never follow agricultural pursuits." Furthermore, 
this success demonstrates the appreciation of the business public toward the 
employment of men trained in elementary science applied to the art of agri- 

A'arying demands and conditions must be met as you go forth from this 
school. A certain position, selected by one of your rwimber would have been 
impossible to fill without a knowledge of the nature of the generation and 
methods of controlling electricity, another position would be equally impos- 
sible without the appreciation of the laws of chemistry and a proper concep- 
tion of the laws of assimilation in both plant and animal, while a third requires 
you to consider the facts of heredity and plant fertilization, the science of 
botany and plant adaptability, to soil, climate and other influences of plant 
environment. What a valuable illustration is this, showing to you the reasons 
for the thorough training we have endeavored to give you in the laboratory 
and classroom as well as in the field.. 

As you go from us to-day, the faculty part Avith you in the firm con- 
viction of your loyalty to yourselves and the school; and of your fitness, in- 
tegrity and spirit of industry; together with the prayer that God's richest 
blessing may reward your endeavors. 

A Fine Valedictory. 

The exercises were concluded with a valedictory by David Ser- 
ber, one of the graduates. The valedictory, which emphasized the 
dignity of labor, was composed and delivered with such unusual 
ability and power that it was generally commented upon as the 
most impressive feature of the exercises. 

The Graduates. 

The following were the members of the graduating class : — 

David Serber, Philadelphia — Thesis: Poultry Incubation as a Science. 
Position: Rumson Farm Poultry Yards, Red Bank, New^ Jersey. 

Rudolph Kysela, New York — Thesis: The Service of Chemistry to Agri- 
culture. Position: Manager of Chapman Hill Farm, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Max Malish, Philadelphia — Thesis: ,How to Increase and Maintain the 
Fertility of the Soil. Position: With A. G. Flower & Son, Dairymen, Phila- 

Jacob Ratner, New York — Thesis: Dairying Possibilities. Position: 
Charge of Lentz Dairy Farm, Mauch Chunk, Pa. 

Max Morris, New Orleans — Thesis: Ornamenting the Home Grounds. 
Position: Assistant Manager on Cotton Plantation, Natchez, Miss. 

George A. Shaw, Eliot, Maine— Thesis: Agricultural Economy. Posi- 
tion: Charge of Green Acre Farm, Eliot, Maine. 


Life Members of National Farm SchooL 



Bernheimer, Mrs. L. 



Meyer, Arthur 



Kuhn, Caroline L. 
Kuhn, Florence Iv. 


Mandel, Leon 


Strauss, Ike 


A. Slimmer 


New Orleans. 

District Grand Lodge, 
No. 7, L O. B. B. 


*Rayner, Wm. S. 



Hecht, Mrs. Lina 
Shuman, A. 


New York. 
Abraham, A. 
Budge, Henry 
Guggenheimer, Wm. 
Meyer, Wm. 
Silberberg, G. 
Sidenberg, G. 

* Deceased. 



Benai Israel Sisterhood. 
Lazarus, Fred'k 
Lazarus, Ralph 
Miller, Leopold 
Sanger, Alexander 

Young stown. 
Theobald, Mrs. C. 



Rank, Mrs. Rosalie 


Henry, S. Kline 

Branson, I. L. 


Blum, Ralph 
*Blumenthal, Herman 

Blumenthal, Sol. 

Betz & Son. 

Byers, Jos. J. 

Grant, Adolph 

Harrison, C. C. 

Hagedorn, Mrs. Alice 
*Jonas, Herman 

Kaas, Andrew 

Kauffman, Morris 

Kayser, Samuel 

Krauskopf, Harold . 

Levy, Sol. 

Lit, S. D. 

Langfeld, A. M. 

Muhr, Jacob 

Merz, Mrs. Regiua 
*Merz, Daniel 
*Pepper, Dr. Wm. 
*Pfaelzer, Simon 

Reform Congregation 
Keneseth Israel 
*Rorke, Allen B. 

Rosenberg, Walter J. 

Rosenberg, Grace 

Rosenberg, Walter I. 

Schloss, Mrs. Herman 

Silberman, Mrs. Ida 

Silverman, I. H. 
*Snellenburg, J. J. 

Snellenburg, Nathan 

Snellenburg, Sam'l 

Sternberger, Samuel 

Teller, Mrs. B. F. 
*Teller, Joseph R. 
^Teller, Mrs. Joseph R. 
*Teller, Benj. F. 

Trautman, Dr. B. 

Wanamaker, John 
*Weiler, Herman 

Wolf, I., Jr. 


Browarsky, Max 
Cohen, Aaron 
Cohen, Josiah 
Dreifus, C. 

Guckenheimer, Isaac 
Hamburger, Philip 
Hanauer, A. M. 
Kaufman Bros. 
Marcus, Aaron 
Rauh, Mrs. Rosalie 
Solomon & Rubin 
Weil, A. Leo 
W^eil, J. 



Schoenfeld, Max 



Sanger, Mrs. Philip 



Ladies Hebrew Benevo- 
lent Association. 


Milheiser, Gustave 


Memorial Buildings. 

I. Theresa Loeb Memorial Green House, in memory of Theresa Loeb, Ogontz, 
Pa., by her family. 

II. Ida M. Block Memorial Chapel, in memory of Ida M. Block, Kansas City, 
Mo., by her husband and family. 

III. Zadok Eisner Memorial Laboratory, in memory of Zadok Eisner, Philadel- 

phia, Pa., by his wife. 

IV. Rose Krauskopf Memorial Green House, in memory of Rose Krauskopf, 

Philadelphia, Pa., by her children. 

Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. 1st, 1904, 
to Sept. 30th, 1905. 

(For Subscriptions to Endowment Fund see pages 55 — 62.) 


Alexander City. 

Herzfeld, A l5-oo 


Amistan Congregation Beth El 5.00 
Birm ingh a m . 

Beitman, Joseph (by hands of) 
from 25 friends of the School 25.00 

Birmingham L,odge No. 168, 

I. O. B. B 5.00 

Caheen Bros 5.00 

Congregation Emanu El . . 5.00 

Marengo Lodge No. 283, 1. O. 

B. B 10.00 


Levy, M 5.00 


Bernheimer, Mrs. L 105.00 

Beth Zur Lodge 5.00 

Council of Jewish Women of 

Mobile 5.00 

Hess, Henry 5.00 


Kahl Montgomery 10.00 

Kahn, M 5.00 

Loeb, Jacques 3.00 

Moritz, C. F. & Co 5.00 

Pake, L. J 5.00 


Jacobs, M.Lionel 5.00 



Seelig, S •. • • 5-oo 

Little Rock. 

Bnai Israel Congregation . . 1 10.00 

Hebrew Relief Society . . . 5.00 

Lasker, Mrs. A. 5.00 

Little Rock Lodge No. 158 . 10.00 

Pfeifer, Jos 5.00 


Lesser, Morris F 5.00 


Los Angeles. 

Cohn, Kaspare 10.00 

Hecht, Rabbi S. (D. D.) . . . 2.00 

Newmark, Harris 25.00 


Bonnheim, A 10.00 

Cohen, Isadore 5.00 

Jaffee, M. S 5.00 

San Francisco. 

Cahn, Mrs. L. 1 5.00 

Hirschfelder, Dr. J. H. ... 5.00 

Leffman, Mrs. L. D 5.00 

Rosenbaum, Mrs. Chas. W. . 5.00 

Schwabacher, Louis A. . . . 5.00 

Schwabacher, Abe 5.00 

Sloss, Mrs. M. C 5.00 



Kubitshek, Henry 5.00 

Muller, Alfred, Esq 10.00 


New Haven. 

Adler, Max 5.00 

Ulman, Jacob 5.00 

Ullman, Isaac M 5.00 



Van Leer, Chas 5.00 

48 Subscriptions to Gen«rai Fund from Oct. 1st, 1904, to Sept. 30lh, 1905. 



Bebreiid, Amnion fc-oo 

Blumenfeld, Mrs. M » oo 

Deborah Lodge 5.00 

Elijah Lodge No. 50, I. O.B.B. 5.00 

Herman, A 5.00 

Saks Isidore '. .5.00 

Sondheimer, J S-Cxd 

Washington Hebrew Congreg. 5.00 

Wolf, Hon. Simon 5.00 


De Land. 

Davis, M 5.00 


Hirshkovitz, David 5.00 


Katz, M 5.00 



Hebrew Benevolent Congre- 
gation . . 10.00 

Hebrew Ladies' Benevolent 

Society 10.00 

Kriegshaber, H 5.00 

Trounstine, L. 1 500 


Frankenberger, Mrs. M. . . 10. co 


Byck, D. A 5.00 

Joseph Lodge No. 16, 1. O.B.B. 2.00 

Levy, B. H 5.00 


Boise City. 

Ladies' Judith Montefiore 

Lodge 500 



Abraham Lincoln Lodge No. 

90, I. O. B. B 5.00 


Kuhn, Caroline L 100.00 

Kuhn, Florence L 100.00 


Binswanger, A 5.00 

Eisenstaedt, I. 10.00 

Foreman, Oscar G 5.00 

Frank, Henry L. ..... . 5-00 

Gatz, John . 5.00 

Gatzert, August 5.00 

Greenebaum, Elias 5.00 

Greenebaum Sons 5.00 

Hartman, Joseph S 5.00 

Isaiah Sabbath School . . . 5.00 

Klee. Max * • 10.00 

Kohn, Isaac 5.00 

Maxwell, Geo. H 10.00 

Mandel, Simon 5.00 

Ramah Lodge No. 33, I.O.B.B. 10.00 

Rosenwald, M. S 5.00 

Schanfarber, Rev. Tobias . . $5.00 

Solomon, Mrs. Hannah G. . 5.00 

Stoltz, Rev. Dr. Jos 5.00 

Steele, H. B 5 00 


Danville Lodge No. 568 . . . 10.00 


Anshai Emeth Sabbath School 10.00 

Greenhut, J. B 25.00 

Levi, Rev. Chas 5.00 

Newman, Milton G 10.00 


Seeberger, George 5.00 


Emes Lodge No. 67, I.O.B.B. 5.00 



Stiefel, Mrs. L. C 3.00 


Weil, A. M 10.00 

Fort Wayne. 

Ackerman. Abe 25.00 

Freiberger, Leopold .... 5.00 

Salinger, Nathan 5.00 

Hartford City. 

Weiler, Miss Amy 5.00 


Efroymson & Wolf 10.00 

Globe Clothing Co 5.00 

Kahn, Henry 10.00 

Kirschbaum, R 5.00 

Newberger, Louis 10.00 

Rauh, Henry 5.00 

Rauh, Sam E 25.00 

Strauss, L 2.00 

Sonimers, Chas. B 5.00 

Weiler, Mr. and Mrs. Abe . . 25.00 
Wineman, Jos 5.00 


Levi, I. S 5.00 

La Fayette. 
Jewish Ladies' Aid Society . 5.00 


Strauss, Ike ico.oo 

Strauss, Jacob 10.00 

Strauss, Simon 50.00 


Wise, S 500 


Gas Belt Lodge No. 522, 

I. O. B. B 10.00 

Hine, M 5.00 


Frank, Sol $5 00 


Weiler, J^Iorris 5.00 

Terra Haute. 
Gan Eden Lodge No. no, 

I. O. B. B 10.00 

Herz, A 5-Oo 

Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. Ist, 1904, to S«pt. 30th, 1905. 49 


Charles City. 

Hecht, I $ro.oo 


Rothchild, D. ...... 5.00 

Des Moines. 

Frankel, Mrs. B 10.00 

Scheuerujan, L 5.00 


Weil, LB 5.00 


Baldauf, Samuel 10.00 

Sioux City. 

Des Moines Lodge No. 330, 

L O. B. B 5.00 

Mt. Sinai Congregation Sab- 
bath School 5.00 


Kansas City. 

Holzmark Bros 10.00 

Leavemvorth . 

Flesher, B 10.00 



Meyer & Meyers 3.00 


Baldauf, Morris 10.00 


Lexington Lodge No. 289, 

L O. B. B 500 


Barkhouse, Louis 25.00 

Bernheim, B 25.00 

Bernheim, J. W 25.00 

Bernheim, B 500 

Floersheim, M. H 5 00 

Kaufman, Henry 5.00 

Sachs, Morris 5.00 

Sachs, Edward . 5.00 

Straus, Mrs. Sarah 5.C0 

Simon, Henry 5.00 

Sloss, Stanley E 5-Oo 


Mertz, Millard S-^o 

Mertz, Eugene 5.00 


Dre5 fuss, Sol 5.00 

Friedman, L. Joseph .... 10.00 
Harmony Lodge No. 149, 

I. O. B. B 5-00 

Weil, Mrs. Jeanette ..... 5.00 


New Orleans. 

ArchafFenburg, A 5.00 

Council of Jewish Women . 25.00 

Kohlman, Louis 10.00 

Kohn, Joseph 3.00 

Lazare, Levy & Co 5-00 

Newman, Isidore 10.00 

New Orleans Orphan Home . 200.00 

Weiss, Julius 25.00 


Titche, Chas $5-00 


Abramson, S 5.00 



Adler, Chas 5.00 

Bamberger, Elkin 5,00 

Benedict, Benj 5.00 

Buik, Charles 5.00 

Drey, Elkan 10.00 

Epstein, Jacob .... 5.00 

Frank, Dr. Sam'l L 10.00 

Gottshalk, Joseph ..... 10.00 

Goldenberg, Mrs. M 5.00 

Guttman, Mrs. Joel 5.00 

Guttmau, Mrs. Joel 25.00 

Gutmacher, Rev. A 5.00 

Hamburger, Ph 5.00 

Kraus, Henry 5.00 

Laupheim r, A. C 5.00 

Levy, Wm 10.00 

Lobe, H. J 5.00 

Rosenau, Dr. Wm 5.00 

Rosenbaum, Eli 5.00 

Rothholz, J 5.00 

Sinsheimer, L 5.00 

Skutch, Max 5.00 

Solomon, Frank 5.00 

Sonneborn, Henry 5.00 

Sonneborn, Henry 25.00 

Sonneborn, Moses S 5.00 

Sonneborn, Sig. B 5.00 

Strouse, Isaac 5.00 

Strouse, Leopold 5.00 

Strouse, Mrs. Hennie .... 5.00 

Ulman, Nathan .... 5.00 
Wm. S. Rayner Scholarship, 
given by his daughter Mrs. 

Bertha Rayner Frank . . . 200.00 


Rosenbaum, Susman .... 5.00 

Rosenbaum, Simon 5- 00 

Frostburg . 

Wineland, Max 25.00 



Green, Joseph 2.00 

Hecht, Mrs. I. H 25.00 

KaflFenburgh,J 5.00 

Koshland, J 5.00 

Morse, Godfrey 5.00 

Ratchesky, A. C 5.00 

Shuman, A 100.00 

Shuman, Samuel 5.00 

Schoener, Joseph Z 5.00 

Ziegel, L S-oo 


De Boer, David H 5.00 


Van Noorden, E 5.00 

Van Noorden, E 20.00 

50 Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. 1st, 1904, to S»pt. 30th, 1905. 



Goldman, A fS-oo 

Heinemau, Sol E 5.00 

Montefiore Lodge, I. O. F. S. 

of 1 5.00 

Schloss, Seligman 5.00 

Sloman, Eugene H ' 10.00 

Van Baalen, 1 5.00 

Weinman, Mrs. L 5.00 

Elk Rapids. 

Alpen, H 5.00 

Jacobson, David 5.00 


Mishan Lodge No. 247, 

I. O. B. B 5.00 

Levis, J. Walter 5.00 



Minneapolis Lodge No. 271, 

I. O. B. B 10.00 

Minneapolis City Lodge 

No. 63, O. B. A 5.00 

St. Paul. 

Guiterman, A 5.00 


Ashiuood Sta. 

Cohen, Elias 2.00 


Cobn, David Z 5.00 


Joachim Lodge No. 181, 

I. O. B. B 2.00 


Jewish Women's League . . 5.00 

Wilzen, L 5.00 


Manassah Lodge No. 202, 

I. O. B. B 3.00 


Cohn Bros 5.00 


Zerkowsky, Sam 5.00 


Anshe Chesed Congregation 25.00 


Kansas City. 

Bloch, Sol 25.00 

Bernheimer, G., Bros. & Co. 5.00 

Benjamin, Alfred 5.00 

Benjamin, H. L 5.00 

Hyman, A 5.00 

Mayer, Rabbi Harry H. . . . 5.00 

Rothenberg & Schloss . . . 10.00 

Shane, M 5.00 


Linauer, Henry fooo 


Michael Bros 3.00 

St. Joseph. 

Joseph Lodge No. 73, I.O.B.B. 10.00 

Schloss, Moses A i.oo 

Westheimer, Ferdinand . . . 25.00 

St. Louis. 

Coupler, Samuel 10.00 

Eben Ezra Lodge No. 47, 

I. O. B. B 10.00 

Goldstein, William 5.00 

Lippraan, Joseph M 5.00 

Shroder, S. W 5.00 

Stix, Wm 10.00 

Waldheimer, A 5.00 

Weil, Julius 5.00 

Weil, Samuel 5.00 

Werner Bros 5.00 


Cohn, L 10.00 



Gluck, Israel 10.00 


Mayer Bros 15.00 

Weil, M 5.00 


Fishel, Mr. and Mrs. E. . . . 5.00 

Nebraska Lodge No. 354, 

I. O. B. B 5.00 

Rosenthal, B 5.00 

Rosenthal, H 5.00 



Blank, L Z 5.00 

Jersey City. 

Hudson Lodge No. 295, 

I. O. B. B . 5.00 

Kauffman, Mrs. Herbert . . 5.00 


Fisch, Joseph 5.00 

Goetz, Jos 5.00 

Lehman, L 5.00 

Michael, Chas 5.00 

Michael, Oscar 5.00 

Plant, Moses 5.00 

Strauss, Moses 5.00 

Scheuer, Selig 5.00 

Scheuer, Simon 5.00 

Stein, Mrs. C. K 5.oO' 

Steiner, Joseph 5.00 

Pater son. 

Fleisher, Nathan 5.00 


Mack, Louis C 5.00 

Mack, Alexander W 5.00- 

Mack, Adolph 5.00^ 

Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. 1st, 1904, to Sept. 30th, 1905. 51 


J? swell. 

JafTa, Mrs. Nathau IS-OO 



Albany Congregation Beth 

Enieth . 25.00 

Laventall, Mrs. 1 5.C0 

Lesser, Mrs. Wm 5.00 

Mann, Mrs. Jos 5.00 

Waldman, Louis I ro.oo 


Abraham, A 25.00 

Bamberger, L. 1 5.00 

Blum, Edw. C 10.00 

Joachim, Chas. 1 5.00 

May, Moses 10.00 

Rothchild, S. F 10.00 


Fleishman, Simon 5.00 

Kieser, L 5.00 

Kieser, August 5.00 

Wile, Herman 5.00 


Friendly, H 3.00 


Ithaca Lodge No. 165, I.O.S.B. 2.00 


Rice, A 5.00 

JWt. Vernon. 

Samuels, Julius 5.00 

Samuels, Moritz 5.00 

J^Iew York City. 

Auerbach, Louis 5.00 

Bijur, Nathan 10.00 

Benjamin, M. W. ...... 10.00 

Benj. Harrison Lodge No. 9, 

O. B. A 3.00 

Bloomingdale, Jos. B. ... 10.00 

Brown, Emil 5.00 

Erowsky, Louis 5.00 

Bruecks, Wm 10.00 

Clark, Louis, Jr 5.00 

Cohen, A. . . 25.00 

Estricher, Henry 5.00 

Friedman, Sol. & Co 10.00 

Goldenberg, S. L 5-00 

Gottheil, Paul 5.00 

■Goodhart, P. J 10.00 

Grossman, Rev. Dr. Rudolph 5.00 

Guinzburg, Victor . . 25.00 

Hebron Lodge No. 5, I.O.B.B. 5.C0 

Heine, Arnold B. . . ^ . . . 5-00 

Heidelbach, Louis 5.00 

"Henry Jones Lodge No. 79, 

L O. B. B 2.00 

Holzman, Ascher 10.00 

Holzman, S. L 5-00 

Herman, Uriah ^ 5-00 

Herman, Mrs. Esther .... 'lo.oo 

Herman, Nathan 5-Oo 

Herzig, Leopold I5.00 

Kahii, Louis 5.00 

Kleinert, LB 10.00 

Kohn, Emil W 5.00 

Kohiistamm, Leo, Edward & 

Joseph 25.00 

Krauskopf, Mrs. Henrietta . 5.00 

Krauskopf, Nathan 5.00 

Iwadeiiberger, Theodore . . . 10.00 

Lauterbacli, Edw 25.00 

Levy, Morris 10.00 

Levi, Emil ... 5.00 

Loeb, Maurice 5.00 

Loeb, Louis 5.00 

Loeb, Robert 5.00 

Loeb, Emil 5-co 

Loeb, Miss H. K 5.00 

Loeb, Ferd. L 5.00 

Mack, Marc H 10.00 

Mack, Fred. A 10.00 

Mayer, Otto L 10.00 

Meyer, Harrison D. (memory 

of Sophie Meyer) .... 20.00 

Modey, 1 3.00 

Pulaski, M. H 5.C0 

Rice, S. M 25.00 

Rosenwald, Sigmund .... 10.00 

Rose, H. Samuel 5.00 

Rothschild, Jacob 5.00 

Sanger, S. 10.00 

Schiff, Jacob H. .... 200.00 

Schaffner, Abe 5.00 

Scholle, Melville J 5.00 

Schoenfeld, Mrs. David . . . 5.00 

Sidenberg, Henry 5.00 

Solomon, Mrs. Bettie .... 10.00 

Sondheim, Max 5.00 

Speyer. James 10.00 

Stern, Benjamin 10.00 

Strasburger, Louis 10.00 

Sutro, Lionel 5.00 

Tannenbaum, Leon, Sr. . . . 25.00 

Waterbury, John 1 50.00 

Weinberg, A 10.00 

Zion Lodge No. 2, I. O. B. B. 10.00 

Zucker Samuel 5 00 

Niagara Falls. 

Silberberg, Moses L 5.00 


Lebanon Lodge No. 55, I. O. 

F. S. of 1 5.00 


Kerstein, Mrs. E 5.00 

Michael, 1 10 00 

Stern, Morley A 10.00 

Wile, Julius M 10.00 


Eisner, Henry 5.00 

Jacobson, Dr. N 5.00 

Jacobson D. N 5.00 

Marshall, Jacob 5.00 

Tattenville, S. I. 

Levinson, Henry 3.00 

52 Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. I»t, 1904, to Sept. 30th, 1905. 



Weil, M. Henry fc.oo 


Cone, Julius W 5.00 


Solky, I. M '. . . . 5.00 



Stern, Marc 5.00 



The Akron Schwesterbund . 5.00 


Blum, Mrs. Israel 5.00 

Blum, Mrs. Henry 5.00 


May, Mrs. J. I. (memory of 

Lina Stern) 5.00 


Schachne, Moritz 5.00 


Ach, Samuel 5.00 

Beckman, N. Henry .... 5.00 

Bettman, Levi 10.00 

Bin^, J. & S 5.00 

Block, Abe 5.00 

Block, L,eon 5.00 

Fletcher, Victor 5.00 

Fox, Henry 5.00 

. Fox, Sol I5-00 

Freiberg, Julius 25.00 

Freiberg, J. W 5.00 

Freiberg, Maurice J 5.00 

Fries, Gus. R 5.00 

Greenbaum, Simon 5.00 

Hahn, Henry 5.00 

Hirschhorn, L. 5.00 

Jonas, H 5.00 

Levi, Louis S 10.00 

Levy, Harry M 5.00 

Mack, Mrs. M. W 5^00 

Mayer, E 10.00 

Mayer, Simon 5.00 

Marx, Louis 5.00 

Meiss, Leon 5.00 

Mt. Carmel Lodge No. 20, 

I. O. B. B 10.00 

Mayer, Mrs. L 5.00 

Offner, Alex 5.00 

Pritz, Sidney E 5.00 

Pritz, Sol. W 5-00 

Reiter, A 10.00 

Rheinstrom, Sigmund ... 5.00 

Shohl, Chas 5.00 

Trager, Isidore 10.00 

Ullman, Adolph 5.00 

Weil, Mrs. Samuel 5.00 

Westheimer, Morris .... 5.00 

Westheimer, Leo 5.00 

Wildberg, L 5-oo 

Wyler, Isaac 5.00 


Black, Morris $10.00 

Eiseman, Chas 5.00 

Greis, Rev. M. J 10.00 

Hays, Joseph 5.00 

Hexter, Kaufman W 3.00 

Hexter, Sol. M 5.00 

Joseph, Isaac 10.00 

Joseph, Sig. 5.00 

Marks, Martin A 5.00 

Mayer, Adolph 10.00 

Schlesinger, Sig & Cd. . . . 5.00 

Schwab, Mrs. M. B 5.00 

Schwab, Mrs. Flora .... 5.00 

Stearn, Abraham ...... 10.00 


Lazarus, Fred., Jr 5.00 

Lazarus, JejBFrey L 2.00 

Lazarus, Robert 2.00 

Lazarus, Simon 5.00 


Reder, Jake 5.00 


Daneman, Mrs. Jacob .... i.oo 

Lessner & Bro 10.00 

Ach, F. 1 10 00 


Gottdiener, H 5.00 


Michael, N. L 5.0a 

Mt. Gilead. 

Cohn, Salo 5.00 


Anshe Emeth Congregation . 5.00 


Spear, Sol 5.00 


Black, Alexander 10.00 

Landman, Otto 5.00 

Schoenfield, Mrs. S 5.00 


Grossman, Dr. J. B 5.00 

Guthman, Leo 5-00 

Hirschberg, B 5.00 

Strouss, 1 5.00 



Selling, Ben> 



Riese, E. M 25.00 


Allegheny . 

Frank, Sam'l 5.00 

Hanauer, Mrs. H 5.00 

Jericho Lodge No. 44, I.O.B.B. 10.00 

Rauh, Mrs. R 25.00 

^Rosenberg, Hugo 5.00 

Sunstein, A. J 5-00 

Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. 1st, 1904, to Sept. 30th, 1905. 53 

Suusteiu, C I5.00 

Weil, Jacques 5.00 

Wertheimer, Samuel .... 10.00 

Zugsmith, Chas., Jr. .... 5.00 

Allentown . 

Bertuau, 1 2.C10 

Feldman, Mrs. Anna .... 10.00 

Hess, Max 

Hess, Charles 10.00 

Kline, Charles 5.00 

Merkel, Joseph 10.00 


Klein, Ignaz 5.00 


Fritz, John 5.00 


Council of Jewish Women . . 10.00 

Greenwald, David 5.00 


Livingston, Jacob 5.00 


Springer, E 


Friedman, Samuel i.oo 

Kuhn, Sam'l and Sol. . . . 5.00 

Marks, Herman 5.00 


Friedlander, M 5.C0 


Einstein, Jacob 5.00 


Cohen, E. M 5.00 

Levy, Morris 5.00 

Moss, S. R 5-00 

Rich, Israel A 5.00 

Rosenthal, Morris 5.00 


Bachman, Max 5.00 

Corn, S. B 5-00 

' Firestone, Henry 10.00 

Sunstein, 1 5-00 

New Castle. 

Feuchtwanger, Marcus . . . 5.00 


Adler, Louis J 5-00 

Aaron, Mrs. Mina 5.00 

Aaron, Chas. 1 5-00 

Aaron, Marcus 5.00 

Aaron, Louis 1 5.00 

Aaron, Louis 1 5-00 

DeRoy, Joseph 5- 00 

Dreyfus, C 5-00 

Fleishman, Mrs. Clara S. . . 500 

Fleishman, S. L S-oo 

Floersheim, Berthold .... S-OO 

Forst, Morris 10.00 

Frank, Isaac 5-oo 

Goldsmith, Louis 5-Oo 

Gross, Isaac 5-"° 

Guckenheimer, Mrs. A. . . . 10.00 

Guckenheimer, Isaac .... 100.00 

Hart, A, M 5-oo 

Kann, W. L $5-oo 

Kaufuiann, Henry 10.00 

Lehman, Albert Carl .... 5.00 

Lippnian, A 10.00 

Oppenheimer, Alfred M. . . 10.00 

Oppenheimer, Oscar W. . . 10.00 

Rauh, Enoch 5.00 

Rauh, Marcus 5.00 

Rauh, A. L 5.00 

Rosenbaum, O. H 5.00 

Rothschild, M. N 5.00 

Stadfield, M 5.00 

Sidenberg, Hugo ...... 25.00 

Trauerman, M. R 5.00 

United Hebrew Relief Asso, 100.00 

Weil, A. Leo 25.00 

Wertheimer, E. M 10.00 

Wertheimer, Isaac 10.00 

Wolf, Fred 5.00 


Greenwald, Gabe 5.00 

Solomon, Mrs. Bettie .... 5.00 
Union Lodge No. 124, 1. 0.B.B. 5.00 


Rosenbaum, Philip 5.00 

Roslyn P. O. 

Lieber, Mrs. Walter S. . . . 5.00 
Lieber, Walter S. . . . . . . 5.00 

Scr anion. 

Ackerman, J. 5.00 

Amos Lodge, No. 136, 1. 0.B.B. 5.03 

Krotosky, Isidore 5.00 

Oettinger, Louis .... ■ . 5.00 

Roos, Dr. Elias G 5.00 

Scranton City Lodge, No. 47, 

O. B. A 5 00 

Selin's Grove. 

Weis, S. , 5.00 


Levy, Mrs. Leon 5.00 

Levy, Leon 5.00 

Long, Mrs. Dora 5.00 

Marks, Abram 5.00 

Roos, Dr. Elias G 5.00 

Strauss, S. J 10.00 

Stern, Harry F 5. 00 

Y. M. H. A. Ladies' Auxiliary 10.00 

Hirsch, David F 10.00 

Lehmayer, N 5.00 


For Special Donations refer to page 62. 

Abbott, George 5.00 

Acker, Finley 5.00 

Automatic Vending Co. . . . 5.00 

Baird, J. E 10.00 

Baum, Samuel 5.00 

Butler, Benj. F 5.00 

Davis, Edw. T 10.00 

Delaney & Co 5.00 

Feustman, N. Maurice . . . 5.00 

Gans, Mrs. Jeanette .... 3.00 

Gelb, W. B 5.00 

54 Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. 1st, 1904, to Sept. 30th, 1905. 

Graves, N. Z fc oo 

■Greib & Son, J. G 500 

Heiisell, Colladay & Co. . . 5.00 

.Hiel)ner, Samuel 5.00 

Hill, Robert C 5.00 

,Hunter & Dickinson .... 10.00 

Joshua Lodge No. 23, 1.O.B.B. 10.00 

Knight, C. C 5.00 

Lacey, A. B 5 00 

..Lehman, H 5.00 

Liberty Lodge, No. 6, OB. A. 5.00 

Lockwood & Co 5.00 

JVloss, Dr. W 5.00 

.Moore & White 5.00 

Meyers, Yetta 5.00 

McCreary, Geo. D 5.00 

Nachod,'j 5.00 

Nixon, W. H. . 10.00 

-Ostheimer, Wm. J 5.00 

Paulus & Co., J 5.00 

PaxonCo.,J. W 5.00 

Perrine & Son 5.00 

Ralph, Wm. T 5.00 

Raff, Raymond A 5.00 

Reinheimer, Hebnd i.oo 

"Rosenbaum, 5.00 

Schwacke, L H 5 00 

Sharp, S. S 10.00 

Showell, E. B 5.00 

Smith & Co., E. B 5.00 

Steinhardt, Mrs. Francis . . 3.00 

Stern, Rose G 5.00 

Soulas, Charles H 10.00 

Soulas, G. A. . ... 5.00 

Starr, Jesse W., Jr., 3d . . . 10.00 

Search, Theo. C 10.00 

Silberman & Son, M 5 00 

Smythe, E. E 5.00 

Warburton, Barclay H. . . , 5.00 

Wilson & Richards 5.00 

Zeigler, J .5.00 



Haggai Lodge, No. 132, I. O. 

B. B 5.00 


Frankenstein, Ignatz .... 5.00 



Rosenthal, D. A 5.00 


Goldbaum, I. 5.00 

Harpman, Sol 5.00 

Lee, S. L 5.00 

Lehman, Felix 2.00 

^Memphis Lodge No. 35, 

I. O. B. B 10.00 


Edelman, F. , 10.00 

Louveman, Adolph 5.00 

Maimonides Lodge No. 46, 

I. O. B. B. . . 5.00 



Greenberg, Samuel $2.50 


Lowenstein, Jonas 5.00 


Alexander Kohut Lodge No. 

247, O. B. A 5.00 

Burk & Co. " 5.00 

Friend, Alex. M 5.00 

Friend, Mrs. A. M 25.00 

Kahn, J 5.00 

Linz&Bro., J 5.00 

Myers, Se3/mour 5.00 

Ortlieb, Max 2.50 

Sanger, Alex 25.00 

Sanger Bros 5.00 

Titche, Ed 5.00 

El Paso. 

Aronstein, S 10.00 

Kohlberg, C 5.00 

Stolaroff, 1 5. CO 

E. Paris. 

Frank, M 5.00 

Ft. Worth. 

Bath, Felix P 5.00 

Levy, Samuel ....... 5.00 


Popper, E 10.00 


Schwarz, B 50.00 


Bromberg, J. G 5.00 

San Antonio. 

Cohen, A 10.00 

Edgar Lodge No. 211, 1. 0.B.B. 5.00 

Halff, S 10.00 

Halff, S 5-00 


Heilbron, Louis 5.00 


Levy & Co., A.. 10.00 



Oberdorfer, B 10.00 


Hecht, Jacob 5.00 

Hirschler, E 5.00 

Seldner, A. B 5.00 


Binswanger, Harry S. . . . 5.00 

Binswanger, Helen 5.00 

Galeski, Dr. S 5-00 

Hutzler, Henry S 5-00 

Kaufman, 1 5.00 

Millheiser, Emanuel .... 5.00 

Raab, E 5-00 

Wallerstein, Henry S. . . . 5.00 

Subscriptions to General Fund from Oct. Ist, 1904, to Sept. 30th, 1905. 55 



Heller, Mrs. Florence Simon 
(iu honor of birth of Evelyn 

Fannie Heller) fo-oo 

Baer, Ben and David .... 10.00 
Frankenberger, Philip . . . 10.00 

Bloch, Samuel L 5.00 

Emsheimer, Joseph 5.00 

Emsheimer, Max 5.00 

Horkheimer, B 10.00 

Horkheimer, Louis 5.00 

Levi, Rev. Harry 5.00 

Levi, Rev. Harry (for a 

Charity Society) 10.00 

Rice, S. M I5.00 

Sonneborn, M 5.00 


La Crosse. 

Strouse, B. L 5.00 


Cohen, Mrs. Gertrude . . , 5.00 

Heller, Simon 5.00 

Isaac Lodge No. 87, I.O.B.B. 5.00 
Milwaukee Federated Jewish 

Charities 100.00 

Schuster, Chas 2.00 

Tabor, L. L 5.00 

Wisconsin Lodge No. 80, 

O. B. A. 5.00 

Subscriptions to Endowment Fund* 

(For Subscriptions to General Fund see pages 47 — 55.) 

Aaron, Louis I Pittsburgh, Pa 

Arnstein, M. B. . , Knoxville, Tenn. . . . 

Adler, Julius New Orleans, La. . . . 

Atlass, Frank Lincoln, 111 

Adler, Isaac Rochester, N. Y. . . . 

Adler, L., Bros. & Co Rochester, N. Y. . . . 

Adler, Morris Birmingham, Ala. . . 

Arnof, H McCrory, Ark 

Albrecht, M. A. (memory of Fanny Albrecht), Vicksburg, Miss. 

Arnold, Edwin (memory of Lizette and Julia Arnold) 

Abelan, Barney Utica, N. Y 

Ackerman, Leo Chattanooga, Tenn. . 

Abraman, N Lafayette, La 

Abraham, S Raceland, La 

Aaron, Edw New Orleans, La. . . . 

Abramson, N Lafayette, La. .... 

Adler, Mrs. Lewis Rochester, N. Y. . . . 

Adler, M Clarkesville, Tenn. . . 

Beer, Henry New Orleans, La. . . 

Blumenthal, Hart Philadelphia, Pa. , . . 

Berg, Herman (memory of wife) . . . Carlisle, Pa 

Beer, Henry . New Orleans, La. . . 

Blum, Ralph Philadelphia, Pa. . . . 

Burchard, A Memphis, Tenn. . . . 

Bernheim, Lee Louisville, Ky 

Blumenthal & Heilbronner Memphis, Tenn. . . . 

Becker Bros. & Co Chicago, 111 

Bry, N. & L St. Louis, Mo 

Bettman, Beruhard Cincinnati, O 

Beth Zur Lodge Mobile, Ala 

Bear, Ben Decorah, la 

Bock, David Port Gibson, Miss. . . 

Bickart, M. L Atlanta, Ga 

Beekman, S Philadelphia, Pa. . . . 

Baron M. Hirsh Lodge Butte, Mont 

Brown, S. B Albany, Ga 

Bettman, Edgar Cincinnati, O 

Bernheim, E. Palmer . . .■ Louisville, Ky 



10 00 

5 00 

, 500.00 

. 100.00 


. 100.00 

. 50.00 

. 50.00 

. 25.00 

. 25.00 

. 25.00 

. 25.00 

. 15-00 



Baum, Joseph Fort Wayne, Ind $ 

Beck, Louis Lansing, Mich 5.00 

Bloom, Mrs. I Hcona, 111 5.00 

Bibo, S Pciris, 111. . . 5.00 

Blum, S Little Rock, Ark 5.00 

Block, Sam'l Natchez, Miss 5.00 

Bauer, Aohille Alexander, La 5.OO 

Bing, H. Beecher Buffalo, N. Y ... 5.00 

Benjamin, S. L ' . . . . Natchez, Mis'^. . , 5.00 

Boasberg, Emanuel Buffalo, N. Y 5-00 

Billstein, M Plymouth, 5.00 

Block. Julius Buffalo, N. Y 5.00 

Bernheimer, L Montgomery, Ala 5 00 

Bach, Emanuel Chicago, 111. . 5 00 

Bachs, Joe D Little Rock, Ark 5.00 

Baum Bros Fayetteville, Ark 2.00 

Baum Bros Jackson, Tenn 2 00 

Baum, A. W Dublin, Ga. 2.00 

Bentson, Lottie Battle Creek, Mich • 2 00 

Carnegie, Andrew (conditional) .... New York, N. Y' 12,500.00 

Cohen, Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Pittsburg, Pa 500.00 

Cariun, Jacob Philadelphia, Pa 100.00 

Cohen, David Z Brookhaven, Miss 25. co 

Cohen, A., San Antonio, Tex 25.00 

Cohn, Maak M Little Rock, Ark 15.00 

Cohn, Mark M Little Rock, Ark 10.00 

Cohn, Louis Salt Lake City 10.00 

Congregation Temple Israel Paducah, Ky 10.00 

Cohen. Max Washington, I). C 5.00 

Cohen, Israel Boston, Mass 5.00 

Cohen, Leopold St. Joseph, Mo 5.00 

Crescent City Lodge No. 112, I. O. B. B. New Orleans, La 500 

Coons, Jos. S Wilkesharre, Pa 5-00 

Cline & Gordon, Nashville, Tenn 2.00 

Coplan, M Florence, .\!a 2.00 

Cohen, Elias Ash wood Station, Miss i.oo' 

Cohn, Frederick Omaha, Neb I.oo 

District Grand Lodge No. 2, I. O. B. B. Cincinnati, 100.00 

District Grand Lodge No. 6, I. O. B. B. Chicago, 111 100.00 

Dannenbaum, J. H Sioux City, la 25.00 

Davidson Bros. Co Denver, Col 10.00 

Denver Lodge No. 171, I. O. B. B, . . . Galveston, Tex 5.00 

Dreyfus, Raoul Houston, Tex 5.00 

Dreyfus, Albert Memphis, Tenn 5.00 

Desenberg, M. L Kalamazoo, Mich 5.00 

Deutser, B Beaumr>nt, Tex 5.00 

Desbecker, S. R Niagara Falls 5.00 

Desenberg, Meyer, Jr Kalamazoo. Mich 2.00 

Epstein, Jacob Baltimore, Md 500.00 

Eicholz, Adolph, Esq Philadelphia, Pa 50.C0 

Eureka Lodge No. 198 Waco, Tex 21.50 

Emeck Beracha LodgeNo. 61, I. O. B. B. Ind 10.00 

Emanuel Lodge No. 103, I. O. B. B. . . Montgomery, Ala 10.00 

Eckhaus, S Baltimore, Md 5.00 

Ehrman, Hilner Louisville, Ky 5.00 

Ellinger, G Haddlin, Kan 5 00 

Eichherg, A. S Atlanta, Ga 5.00 

Engelhart Bros Bucyras, O. 5-00 

Ehrman, Merrill G Memphis, Tenn i.oo 

Frank, Henry S. . . . Natchez, Miss 500.00 

Friedberger, Simon Philadelphia, Pa 250.00 

Frank, Solomon Baltimore, Md 100.00 

Frank, Henry L Chicago, 111 50.00 

Felix, Harry Philadelphia. Pa 25.00 

Fleischner, Chas Cambridge, Mass 10.00 




Freiberg, Abram Cincinnati, O $10.00 

Fish, Jos Chicago, 111 10.00 

Friedenberg, I. H Philadelphia, Pa 10.00 

Friedman, Herman Paducah, Ky 5.00 

Fechteimer, H. M Detroit, Mich 5 00 

Frankenberg, B Toledo, 5.00 

Frisch, Rabbi E Pine Bluff, Ark 5.00 

Friend, Morris Lincoln, Neb 5.00 

Filsenthal, Mrs. Julius Louisville, Ky 5.00 

Faber, Albert Albuquerque, N. M 5.00 

Friedler, Mrs. J Natchez, Miss 5.00 

Frankenberger, Philip Charleston, W. V 5.00 

Frankenberger, Max Charleston, W. V 5.00 

Frank, Julius Zanesville, 5.00 

Freiberger, Mrs. Simon Fort Wayne, Ind 5.00 

Falk, Dr. Fred Seattle, Wash 3.00 

Finkelstein, Max Knoxville, Tenn i.oo 

Guggenheim Sons, M New York, N. Y 2/000.00 

Godchaux, Mrs. Leou New Orleans, La 250.00 

Gukenheimer, Isaac Pittsburg, Pa 100.00 

Greenwald Bros Okla. 50.00 

Goldsmith, Ingmar L New York, N. Y 10.00 

Gates, F Memphis, Tenn 10.00 

Gunst, E. H Richmond, Ya 10.00 

Goldman, E Reading, Pa 10.00 

(lUtman, Mrs. Bertha Baltimore, Md 10.00 

Greenberg, Sol Philadelphia, Pa 10.00 

Gerson, B Pensacola, Fla 5.00 

Geisenberger, Leon Natchez, Miss 5.00 

Greisheim, M Lincoln, 111 5.00 

Gin.sberg, B Alexandria, La 500 

Goldenberg, H. A Williamsport, Pa 5.C0 

Grauer, Wm Altoona, Pa 5.00 

Goldberg, Reuben Memphis, Tenn 5.00 

Greenspan & Abraham Paragonld, Ark 5.00 

Gimbel, Mrs. R Baltimore, Md 5.00 

Guttmau, A Syracuse, N. Y 3.00 

Gerson, S Welsh, La 3.00 

Gross, Mrs. Florentina Monroe, La 2.50 

Goldberg, E Kalamazoo, Mich i.oo 

Hamburger, Philip Pittsburg, Pa 500.CO 

Hirsheimer, A LaCro'^se, Wis 500.00 

Herzberg-. Isaac Philadelphia, Pa 20000 

Hyman, Sam New Orleans, La. 

Hirschheimer, Jetta Cleveland, 50.00 

Hecht, Mrs. Lina Boston, Mass 50.00 

Halff, M San Antonio, Tex 25.00 

Hebrew Ladies' Benevolent Society, . . Albany, Ga 25.00 

Herzberg, Sam'l ; Albany, N. Y. 25.00 

Heymann, Emanuel S Chicago, 111 25 00 

Hays, Kauffman Cleveland, 25.00 

Hatch, Nathan Albany, N. Y 25.00 

Hirsch, S Faj'ette, Miss 25.00 

Heidenheimer, I Austin, Tex 20.00 

Hebrew Ladies' Benevolent Society . . Kalamazoo, Mich 15.00 

Hilbronner, S. O. (collected by) .... Henderson, Ky 15.00 

Mann, H. S |i.oo Milner, J. fi.oo 

Baldauf, M i.oo Levy, P i.oo 

Mann, Fred .... i.oo Kraver, H i.oo 

Mann, Isaac .... i.oo Cohen, Joseph . . . i.oo 
Koch, Ed. A. . I.oo Heilbronner, S. O. . i.oo 

Heilbronner, S. J. . i.oo Lieber, Mrs. B. . . . i.oo 
Levy Furniture Co. . i.oo Pushkin, J. L. ... i.oo 

Loeb, I I.oo 

Hirsch, Henry Archbold, 10.00 


Hyman, E. B New Orleans, La $10.00 

Herman, Uriah New York, N. Y 10.00 

Holzmark Furniture Co Kansas City, Kan 10.00 

Harris Bros Dupuyer, Mont 10.00 

Hochstetter, Lewis Sebring, 5.00 

Haas, Mrs. Samuel Louisville, Ky 5.00 

Hecht, Meyer C Baltimore, Md 5.00 

Herzfeld, R Alexander City, Ala. ...... 5.00 

Herzfeld, Mrs. R Alexander City, Ala. 5.00 

Hofell^r, Julius Buffalo, N. Y 5.00 

Haars, Benj. L Hartford, Conn 5.00 

Heller, Max Philadelphia, Pa 5.00 

Herman, Jonas Baltimore, Md 5.00 

Heller, R Helena, Mont 5.0c 

Hirsch, Henry . , Archbold, 5.0G 

Hydeman, S. M Albany, N. Y 5.C0 

Hoflfmayer, L. I Albany, Ga 2.00 

Hofmayer, P. B Ga i.oo 

Hopp, Mrs. Max . Fort Smith, Ark , i.oo 

Israel, Abram Philadelphia, Pa 250.00 

Isenberg, I. Wheeling, W. Va 10.00 

Israel, Adolph Rondout, N. Y i.oo 

Jonas, Frieda Philadelphia, Pa 25.00 

Jacobson, S Buffalo, N. Y 10.00 

Jonas, Wm New York, N. Y 10.00 

Jandorf, Abe . York, Pa 5.00 

Jacobs, L , Minersville, Pa 5.00 

Jonas, I Sucarnochee, Miss 2.00 

Jacob, I Ottawa, 111 

Krauskopf, Dr. Joseph Philadelphia, Pa . 500.G0 

Kuhn, Isaac Champaign, 111 300.00 

Krauskopf, Lalla (in memory of) . . New York, N. Y ico.oo 

Koshland, Joseph Boston, Mass 100.00 

Klein, Alfred M Philadelphia, Pa 100.00 

Kohn, Arnold Philadelphia, Pa 100.00 

Kauffman, Morris A . Philadelphia, Pa 100.00 

Kams Sons & Co., S Washington, D. C 100.00 

Klein, Chas Philadelphia, Pa 50.00 

Klein, Henry Philadelphia, Pa 25.00 

Kramer, S. W Cadillac, Mich. 25.00 

Kann, Wm . Pittsburg, Pa 25.00 

Keller & Co., Chas New York, N. Y 25.00 

Klee, W. B Pittsburg, Pa 25.00 

Kansas City Lodge No. 184, I. O. B. B. Kansas City, Mo 25.00 

Kasmirsky, M Dayton, 25.00 

Kirschbaum, R Indianapolis, Ind 15.00 

Klein, Ignatz . Altoona, Pa 10.00 

Kohlemann, Sig New Orleans, La 10.00 

Kabn, Rabbi Fmanuel, for Ben Israel Congregation S. S., Joplin, Mo. . . 10.00 

Kiever, Alfred and Edna New Orleans, La 10.00 

Kaufman, Maurice Fargo, N. D 10.00 

Kiper, Julius Chicago, 111 10.00 

Kahn Sons, S Evansville, Ind 5-co 

Kronheimer, B. F Durham, N. C 5-00 

Kuhn, Joseph Champaign, 111 5-00 

Kubitskek, Henry Denver, Col 5-00 

Kahn David Cincinnati, 5-00 

Kahn', Mrs. Max L Philadelphia, Pa 5-CO 

Kahn, Gabe New Orleans, La S-CO 

Katten, Abe Hartford, Conn 5-00 

Kirger, A Kansas City, Mo 5-00 

Kahn, Theo Jennings, La 2.00 

Koch, Samuel Pensacola, Fla 2.50 

Kaplan, M Memphis, Tenn i-OO 

-Kahn, Wm. Bayon Saru, La i.oo 


Lewisohn, Adolph New York, N. Y $1,250.00 

Lehman, Emanuel New York 500.00 

Lippman, A Pittsburg, Pa 500.00 

Lipman, A Pittsburg, Pa 500.00 

Lipper & Co., Arthur . New York, N. Y 100.00 

Loeb, Howard A Philadelphia, Pa ico.oo 

Loeb, Jacob F Philadelphia, Pa 100.00 

Loeb, Louis New York, N. Y 100.00 

Levy, Harry M Cincinnati, 100.00 

Lewis, August New York, N. Y 100.00 

Loewenstein, B Memphis, Tenn 25.00 

Lowman, Leo. J Cincinnati, 25.00 

Ladies' Hebrew Aid Society Honesdale, Pa , . . . 25.00 

Loeb, Emil New York, N. Y 25.00 

Lowenthal, Louis Rochester, N. Y 25.00 

Lasker, M Galveston, Tex 25.00 

Lehman, Isidore (by hands of) .... Fort Wayne, Ind 16.00 

Rothschild, Aaron . I5.00 Freilinger, Herman |2.oo 
Ettelson, Rabbi . . 5.00 Freilinger, Joseph . 2.00 
Lehman, Isidore , . 2.00 

Lewis, Leo St. Louis, Mo 15.00 

Levin, Julius Alexandria, La 12.00 

Loeb, Julius L La Fayette, Ind 10.00 

Lipman, H. M Cincinnati, O 

Levi Co., H. S San Francisco, Cal 10.00 

LTaler Bros. Co. . N. Y , 10.00 

Loew, I. Los Angelos, Cal 10.00 

Long, Cosmer P Wilkesbarre, Pa 10.00 

Liebman, I Atlanta, Ga 10.00 

Ladies' Benevolent Society Pensacola, Fla. 10.00 

Lieberman, Mrs. L Philadelphia, Pa 10.00 

Leiter, Mrs. Herman Syracuse, N. Y 10.00 

Levy, Mendel & Co Cincinnati, 10.00 

Lev}' Bros. & Co., B. H Savannah, Ga. 5.00 

Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society, . . Columbia City, Ind 5.00 

Lempert, Morris H Toledo, O. 5.00 

Loewenthal, Lee I Nashville, Tenn 5.00 

Lorch, A Greenville. Tex 5-00 

Lyon, Bernhard Hartford, Conu 5.00 

Levy, Paul S Baltimore, Md 5.00 

Latz, Geo McKeesport, Pa 5.00 

Lev}', D Selma, .^la. 5.00 

Lehmeyer, M. N York, Pa. 5.00 

Leibson, Joseph , . Wilkesbarre, Pa 5.00 

Livingston, Abe Bloomington, 111 5.00 

Levy & Co., Sam Nashville, Tenn 5.00 

Long, M. F Wilkesbarre, Pa 5.00 

Levy, Lipman , Cincinnati, 5.00 

Lusky, Mrs. J. C Nashville, Tenn 5.00 

Lischkopf, Alex Pensacola, Fla 5.00 

Levy, Aaron Archbold, O. .... 5.00 

Lowenthal, H. J., Sam Damson, Bert Abrams, Huutsville, Ala 5.00 

Levy, Mark A^a " , . 2.50 

Lesser, Julius Duncan, Miss 2.50 

Lebovitz, A Sewanee, Tenn i.oo 

Levy, Marx Livingston, Ala . . i.oo 

Levy, Wm. B Vicksburg, Miss i.oo 

Levy, Nathan Grand Coteau, La i.oo 

Marshall, Louis New York, N. Y 250.00 

Myers, Angelo Philadelphia, Pa 250.00 

Merz, Leon Philadelphia, Pa 250.00 

Meis, Henry Cincinnati, 100.00 

Milwaukee Federation of Charities . . Wis 100.00 

Marx, M Galveston, Tex 25 00 

Meis, Nathan ; Cincinnati, O . 25.00. 


Meyer, Louis Newark, N. J $25.00 

Marquis, A Philadelphia, Pa 25.00 

Marks, Mrs. Isaac Philadelphia, Pa 25.00 

Memphis Lodge No. 35, I. O. B. B. . Memphis, Tenn 25.00 

May, Abraham Grand Rapids, Mich 10.00 

Meyer, Theo Cincinnati, O. 10.00 

Morse, Godfrey Boston, Mass 10.00 

Martin & Greenhouse Pdiladelphia, Pa 10.00 

Malachi Lodge No. 146, I. O. B. B. . . Macon, Ga 10.00 

Mayer, Ludwig Oil City, Pa. 10.00 

Marshall & Son, J Syracuse, N. Y 10.00 

Mendel & Co., Levy Columbus, 10.00 

Maas Bros Tampa, Fla 10.00 

Marx, M Uniontovvn, Ala 5.00 

Moser, Mrs. Clara L Natchez, Miss 5.00 

Moses, Rev. Alfred G Mobile, Ala 5.00 

Maimin, H Philadelphia, Pa 5.00 

Meyer, E. B Memphis, Tenn 5.00 

Mayer, H Huntingdon, Ark. 5.00 

Michael, Mrs. E Galveston, Tex. . 5.00 

Marx, A New Orleans, La 5.00 

Muhlfelder, Joseph D New Haven, Conn 5.00 

Mohr, M. . Montgomery, Ala 5.00 

Mayer, Max J Van Buren, Ark 3.00 

Manheimer, Ike Rochester, N. Y 3.00 

Mendelsohn, Miss Justine Baton Roge, La 2.00 

Marymont, A Detroit, Mich 2.00 

Mosheim, S Pottstown, Pa i.oo 

Newman, Isidore New Orleans, La 500.00 

Northman, Mrs. Jennie Wnrtzberg, Germany ...... 500.00 

Newman, Isidore New Orleans, La 100.00 

Nathschild, M Pittsburg, Pa 25.00 

Newman, Max Peoria, 111 10.00 

Newberger, Louis Indianapolis, Ind 10.00 

Newburger, B . St. Joseph, Mo 3.00 

Newburger, Silvan New Orleans, La i.oo 

Oppenheim, Louis E Bay City, Mich 25.00 

Ottenheimer & Levi Cincinnati, 10.00 

Oestricher, S Harrisonburg, Va 2.00 

Polsky, A Akron, 25.00 

Pollock & Bernheimer Mobile. Ala 10.00 

Polla.skv, M Alma, Mich 5.00 

Pappenberg, Julius Plattsmouth, Neb 5.00 

Phelps, E vShreveport, La 5.00 

Queen City Lodge No. 258, I. O. B. B. Sedalia, Mo 5.00 

Raab, E , , Richmond, Va 25.00 

Rothschild, S. ' Philadelphia, Pa 25,00 

Rosenthal, Isaac Mt. Vernon, 10.00 

Richard & Sons Mobile, Ala 10.00 

Rothschild, Leo Buffalo, N. Y 10.00 

Rubel, Emanuel •. , Philadelphia, Pa 10.00 

Rosenzweig, M. E Lake Village, Ark. . 10.00 

Rich, S Birmingham, Ala 10.00 

Rothschild, Morris H Woodville, Miss. ... .... 5.00 

Ripkin & Co., A Wilkesbarre, Pa 5.00 

Rothman, Elias M Detroit, Mich 5.00 

Rheinstrom, Jacob Cincinnati, 5.00 

Rieser, Max Columbus, 5.00 

Rosenfeld, Myer Boston, Mass 5.00 

Riteman, N. L Greenville, Miss 5.00 

Rabbi Wise Guild Wheeling, W. Va -5.00 

TRosengarten, J Raleigh, N. C 3.00 

Rich, Schwartz & Joseph Nashville, Tenn . 2.00 

Rosenberg, H. . , Houston, Tex 1.50 

Schiff, Jacob H New York 2,500.00 


ScbilT, M. L. (conditional) New York, N. Y I500.00 

Strauss, Mrs. Jacob Ligonier, Ind 500.00 

Suellenburg, Nathan Philadelphia, Pa 500.00 

Snellenburg, Samuel Philadelphia, Pa 500.00 

Slimmer, A Waverly, la 500.00 

Sweeuey, Chas Spokane, Wash 500.00 

Silverman, Isaac H Philadelphia, Pa 500.00 

Seasongood, Lewis Cincinnati, 250.00 

Snellenburg, Joseph Philadelphia, Pa 200.00 

Sonneborn, Henry Baltimore, Md 100.00 

Spear, Nathaniel Pittsburg, Pa 100.00 

Spigelberg, Levi New York, N. Y 100.00 

Schoenfeld, David New York, N. Y 100.00 

Springer, Emanuel (Estate of), Martha Washington Fleisher, Amelia S. 

Ivohn, Abraham M. Langfeld, Philadelphia, Pa 100.00 

Schloss, Emanuel Detroit, Mich 50-00 

Stern, Leopold New York, N. Y 50.00 

Strouse, Isaac Baltimore, Md 25. co 

Silberstein, A Dallas, Tex 25.00 

Straus, Isaac S ... Cincinnati, 25.00 

Silberman, Ida Philadelphia, Pa 25.00 

Stix, Wm St. Louis, Mo 25.00 

Schuerman, L Des Moines, Iowa i5-00 

Stix, Nathan • Cincinnati, O i5-co 

Shapinsky, Simon Louisville, Ky 10.00 

Szold, Joseph and Jake Peoria, 111. 10.00 

Samuel, L Bunford Philadelphia, Pa 10.00 

Schloss, Nathan Baltimore, Md 10.00 

Strouse, Ben Baltimore, Md 10.00 

Stern, Joseph Parkersburg. W. Va 10.00 

Strechner, Max Benham P. O., La 10.00 

Sanger, L Waco, Tex 10.00 

Seattle Lodge No. 344, I. O. B. B. . . . Seattle, Wash 10.00 

Sternberger, Joe S Memphis, Tenn 10.00 

Sternberger, Leon Memphis, Tenn 10.00 

Strauss, Mrs. B. A Elgin, 111 10.00 

Sachs, S. W Duncansby, Miss 10.00 

Schiffl E. • Greenwich, Tex 5-oo 

Salinger, N Goshen, Ind 5-oo 

Samuel, Sig Atlanta, Ga 5-oo 

Speyer & Son Lexington, Ky 5-00 

Schloos, Louis Wilkesbarre, Pa 5-00 

Simon Bros Alexander, La 500 

Saal, M. R Petersburg, Va 5-00 

Strauss, L. G Staunton, Va 5 00 

Strauss, Chas Richmond, Va 5-00 

Solomon, M. L Greenville, Miss 5-0O 

Sloman, Eugene H . Detroit, Mich 5-00 

Salinger, Louis Goshen, Ind 5-00 

Schlesinger, Louis Newark, N. J 5-00 

Sulzer, Louis Madison, Ind 5-00 

Seeling, B Helena. Ark 5-00 

StruflFer, M New Orleans, La 5-00 

Speyer & Son Lexington, Ky 5-oo 

Silverfield, H Memphis, Tenn 5-0O 

Schroeder, Milton BufTalo, N. Y . 5-00 

Salzman, Marcus Wilkesbarre, Pa 5-00 

Strouse, Wm Harrisburg, Pa 5-00 

Solomon, Philip Helena, Ark 5-00 

Sedalia Hebrew Union ' . . . Sedalia, Mo 5-oo 

Stein & Co., I Henderson, La 5-00 

Stern, S Marcellus, Mich 5-00 

Schwarzschild, M. S Richmond, Va 2.50 

Stern, David G Woodville, Miss 2.50 

Schoenfeld, Ralph . . . - Seattle, Wash 2.50 


Sebulsky, X Flora, Miss $2.00 

Schwartz, Sam Muncie, Ind. 2.00 

Solomon, Dave Helena, Ark 2.00 

cichnewind. Isaac Kokomo, Ind 2.00 

Schermer, L, Herkimer, N. Y i.oo 

Smith, J. H. Charles, by bands of, from the following members of Franklin 
Lodge No. 4, I. b. B. B., Cincinnati, Ohio: 
Smith, J. H. Charles $5.00 . White, Isaac . . . . |i.oo 
Silverglade, Meyer . 5.00 Ottenheimer, Jacob . i.oo 
Mack, Alfred .... i.oo Mode, Samuel . . . i.oo 

Feld, Sig I.oo Hurtig, S. H. ... i.oo 

Neuman, H. . . . i.oo Levi, Jacob C. . . . i.oo 
Bernstein, P. . . , i.oo Fine, Harry .... i.oo 
Greenberg, Harry . i.oo Tort, Abraham . . . i.oo 
Attlesey, Wm. ... i.oo 

Tutelman, Harry Philadelphia, Pa 100.00 

Taussig, Miss Emma Natchez, Miss 25.00 

Thanhouser, M. S Baltimore, Md 10.00 

Thurnauer, M Cincinnati, 10.00 

Thurnauer, Mrs. M Cincinnati, 10.00 

Tiscaloosa Lodge No. 485, I. O. B. B. . Tuscaloosa, Ala 5.00 

Threefoot Bros Meridian, Miss 5.00 

Trauerman, I. G Sioux City, Iowa 5.00 

Warburg, F. W . New York, N. Y 

Wertheimer, Ferdinand St. Joseph, Mo 500.00 

Weis, I New Orleans, La 500.00 

Wertheim, Samuel (in memory of), Philadelphia, donated by his children 50.00 

Weil, Simon ...... . ' Lexington, Ky 25.00 

Whitlock, Ph. W Richmond, Va 25.00 

Winters, A Buffalo, N. Y i5-00 

Wurmser, Jacob Chicago, 111 10.00 

Weil, Herman New Orleans, La 10 00 

Wertheimer, Leopold Hailey, Idaho 10.00 

Weinburger, Mrs. D New Orleans, La 10.00 

Weitzenkorn, A . Pottstown, Pa 5.00 

Weichselbaum & Co., Sam Dublin, Ga 5-oo 

Wise Bros Gazoo City, Miss 5.00 

Wile, Mayer Buffalo, N. Y 5-00 

Weinberg, A Shaw, Miss 5-0° 

Weil, Leslie . Goldsboro, N. D 5-0O 

Weinberg, A. I Md 5-00 

Weil, Isaac A Plymouth, Pa 5-"0- 

Wolf, Leo Wheeling, W. Va 5-oo 

Weber, Louis Chicago, 111 5-00 

Wildberg, A Cincinnati, 5-0° 

Wolf, Mrs. L Lewisville, Ark 2.50 

Wallace, Mrs. Wm Statesville, N. C i.oo 

Wildberg, I Cincinnati, O i-oo 

Wiener, M Jamestown, Miss i.oo 

Younker, A Des Moines, Iowa 100.00 

Zacharias Frankel Lodge Galveston, Tex 9-75 

Zimmern, L. J Mobile, Ala 5-00 

Zion Lodge No. 62, I. O. B. B Cincinnati, O i.oo 

Zorkowsky, Archie San Antonio, Tex i.oo- 

Special Philadelphia Cash Donations. 

Bamberger, Mrs. Max. For purchase of surveying instruments, ..... $50.00 
Blankensee, Miriam and Philip (memory of grandfather, Philip Salinger). 

Library Fund, i-OO 

Bloch, Alice. For Library Fund, S-oo 

Bloch, B. B. (Jahrzeit of mother). For Library Fund, S-OO 

Special Philadelphia Cash Donations. 

Cartun, Jacob. Building Fund, ... $25.00 

Fabian, Ada (in memorj' of mother). Library Fund, 10.00 

Friedberger, Mrs. Caroline. Library Fund, 500 

Gans, Cornelia. For Library Fund, 10.00 

Hilbronner, Miss I. (tnemor}- of Isaac Hilbronner). For Library Fund, . . 10.00 
Hirsh, Mrs. Gabriel. For purchase of books in memory of mother, Mrs. 

L. Stern, 10.00 

Kadden, Mrs. T. Building Fund, . , 5.00 

Klein, Leon G. For Library Fund, . 5.00 

Klonower, Mrs. O. Books for Library in memory of father, Isaac W. Kahn, 2.50 

Lederer, Geo. (memory of Dollie L. Bamberger). Library Fund, .... 5.00 

Lieberman, Moe (in memory of Ludwig Lieberman). For Library Fund, . 25.00 

Lindauer, Eugene. Building Fund, 5.00 

Loeb, Mrs. Joseph. For purchase of linens, 5.00 

Marks, I. L. Building Lund, 20.00 

Nachman, Mrs Arthur. For purchase of rugs 5.00 

Rubin, Mrs. Joseph. In memory of father and mother, Mathilda and 

Charles Kaufman, for Dormitory Fund, 20.00 

Schlesinger, Martin. Building Fund, i.oo 

Seligman, Frances. Interest on |200 for purchase of books for Library. 

Seligman, Frances. Library Fund, 50.00 

Sommer, H. B. Building Fund, 2.00 

Stern, Mrs. Lena (in memory of). Donated by Miss Ida Stern, Blanche 

Stern Koch, Mrs. Lewis Schloss, Mrs. Harry Stern. For Library Fund, 25.00 

Zellner, S. Building Fund, 10.00 

Special New York Cash Donations. 

Contributors toward the Purchase of Transit, Surveying Instrument and Compass 
for the National Farm School, Bucks Co., Pa. 

F. W. Devoe & C. T. Reynolds Co., Cor. Fulton and Williams Sts., 

New York City, ... fcooo 

Sussfeld, Lorsch & Co., 37 Maiden Lane, New York City, . 25.00 
L. & C. Hardtmuth, 49 Barclay St., New York City, . . . 30 00 

C. H. Ruhl, 49 Barclay St., New York City 5.00 

Eberhard Faber, 545 Pearl St., New York City, . . . 10.00 

Eugene Dietzgen Co., 121 West 23d St., New York City, . 12.50 


Memorial Tree Donors. 


Bachenheimer, Mrs. R Lazer Bachenheimer (maintenance of tree). 

Ehrenberg, Mrs 

Eliel, Edna L Joseph Louchheim, 

Laub, Miss Carrie Bernhard Laub. 

Liberman, Mrs. I. Isadore Liberman. 

Mendelsohn, Mrs. I David L. Weinlander. 

Meyer, Fannie David Meyer. 

Millheiser, Regina G Sallie Gimbel Greenewald. 

Oppenheimer, Max Hulda Oppenheimer. 

Reckendorf, Ida A Parents. 

Samuels, Abraham David Samuels. 

Simon, Mrs. M ... . Flora E. Wolf (maintenance of tree). 

Simons, Adolph Benjamin Simons. 

Weil. Miss I j^Q^jg 3^^ jjglgj^ Pri^^,e_ 

Wieder, Miss J 

Wieder, C. P Ernestine Wieder. 

Wolf, David R Wolf, Moses and Mary Wolf. 

_Zeller, Mrs. S . Husband. 


Philadelphia List of Donations of Goods. 

Bacharach, Mrs. Marcus, and Mrs. Schwartz. 2 doz. towels. 

Bamberger, Mrs. Albert F. i doz. bath towels. 

Bash, Mrs. 3 double blankets, 3 pairs of curtains, i table cloth, 6 napkins. 

Behrend, Jacob. 45 clothes trees. 

Bloch, B. B. 25 settees. 

Blum, Gabriel. 35 barrels of cement. 

Blumenthal, Mrs. Sol. Piano cover. 

Cohen, Chas. 5000 envelopes for the mailing of this book. 

Coons, Mrs., and Mrs. Straus Table covers for the 21 rooms. 

Daughters of Beth Israel Sewing Circle. i>^ doz. sheets, 2 doz. pillow slips.- 

Diligent Sewing Circle. 5 doz. towels. 

Elkish, Mrs. L,., and Mrs. Henry Plonsky. 6 carpet rugs. 

Florence, Mrs. Scarf linen for side-board. 

Fort, W., care of Price & Co. Paper for the cuts and cover of this book. 

Gatchel & Manning. Cuts and engraving in this book. 

Goodman, Mrs Sam'l W. I5 towards rugs for boys' rooms. 

Heilbron, Mrs. S. 6 rugs for boys' cubes, i table cover. 

Hevman, Mrs. Gus. Nuts and raisins for Thanksgiving dinner for boys. 

Hillyers Sons. A picture framed for dining roorh. 

Israel, Abraham. 40 barrels of cement. 

Jones Bros. Co. 12 doz. handkerchiefs. 

Katz & Swartz, Messrs. Stove for Chapel. 

Kaufman, Morris A. Curtains for reception room. 

Keueseth Israel Temple Sewing Circle, i doz. single sheets. 

Klonower, Oscar. Framed copy of the Declaration of Independence. 

Kors, Mrs. Chas. H. Chandeliers. 

Landau's Circle, Mrs. 4 doz. towels, 6 doz. napkins. 

Levy, Mrs. D. G. i doz. towels. 

Lisberger, L. i rug. 

Liveright, Mrs. Morris, and Mrs. A. Fleischer. Table linens and napkins.. 

Loeb, Mrs. Leopold. $to towards rugs for boys' rooms. 

Marks, Mrs. T. L. 2 doz. curtain rods, i piece of curtain goods. 

Marlborough Euchre, The Ladies of. 6 counterpanes. 

Massman, Mrs. A. E. i)4 doz. towels, ij4 doz. pillow slips. 

Mendelsohn, Mrs. N. Working shirts. 

Michell & Co., Henry F. One whitewashing machine. 

Moore & Rich. Picture. 

Needlework Gild of America, The. 24 kitchen towels, 33 small fringed napkins,. 
12 handkerchiefs, 25 bath towels, 24 face towels, 36 pillow slips, unbleached; 
15 pillow slips, unbleached; 22 balbriggan vests, light weight; 22 balbriggan 
drawers, light weight; 13 shirts, 12 night gowns, 70 pairs of socks. 

Netter & Co., David. New Orleans Port, Telegram Rye. 

Nice, Eugene. 25 gallons of roof paint. 

Nixon, W. H. Paper for the printing of this book. 

Oppenheimer, Mrs. Rose, and Mrs. Meyer Schamberg. 4 large table cloths. 

Rosenthal, Mrs. Henry. $5 for something for the house, used for curtains. 

Salus, Mrs. Samuel W. 5 counterpanes. 

Simon, Mrs. L- Wine and brandy. 

Temple Sewing Circle. 24 pillow slips. 

Weil, Mr. and Mrs. Morris. Silence clothes for the dining room tables. 

Weil, Mrs. Simon. I5 for strips of carpet on third floor. 

Wiernik, Mrs. Mary. Dinner set for faculty table. 

Wittenberg, Mrs. Louis. Pickles, olives and India relish for Thanksgiving dinner. 

Wittenberg, Mrs. Louis. 28 towels. 

Wolf & Co. Pictures for hall and cubes. 


Trees have been planted in memory of the following 
friends of the National Farm School* 

Abendroth, Christian. 
Abrahamsoii, Leopold. 
Alkus, L,eon. 
Alshuler, Charles. 
Armhold, Millie. 
Arnold, Edwin. 
Asch, Hannah. 
Asch, Mannes. 
Asch, Michael. 
Asch, Pauline. 
Ash, Fannie. 
Ash, Paulina. 


Bacharach, C. 
Bacharach, F. 
Bachenheimer, L. 
Bamberger, Dollj^e E. 
Bamberger, D. 
Bamberger, L. 
Bamberger, Rosa S. 
Bamberger, Rosa S. 
Bash, Michael. 
Bash, Sadie. 
Beck, Ephraim. 
Beck, Julius. 
Bedichimer, Isaac. 
Behal, Isaac. 
Beildeck, Aaron. 
Beitman, Emelie. 
Berg, Sarah S. 
Berkowitz, Joseph. 
Berman, Bernard. 
Bernheimer, Lazarus. 
Bernheimer, Samuel. 
Bernstein, Edgar. 
Binswanger, Clara. 
Binswanger, Elsie. 
Binswanger, Isidor. 
Binswanger, Solomon. 
Bloch, Ida. 
Blum, Gustave. 
Blum, Jacques. 
Blumenthal, Emanuel. 
Blumenthal, Fannie. 
Blumenthal, Mrs. Louis. 
Bonnheim, Joseph. 
Branson, Mrs. James, 
Braunstein, N. 
Buehler, John A. 
Buehler, Lena. 

Casper, Henry. 
Cohen, Isaac. 
Cohen, Julius. 
Cohen, Mrs. Isaac. 
Cortissoz, Miriam. 

DaCosta, Henry R. 
David, Bertha H. 
Davidson, S. K. 
De Costa, Rebecca. 
Disston, Horace. 
Dreifus, Jeanette. 

Einstein, Benjamin. 
Einstein, Clara. 
Einstein, Evelina. 
Einstein, Henry. 

Feineman, Minnie. 
Feldman, A. M. 
Fisher, Bertha. 
Fisher, Mark. 
Fleisher, Simon. 
Forster, Sophie B. 
Foster, Henrietta. 
Foster, May. 
Frank, Daniel. 
Frank, Henry M. 
Frank, Manuel. 
Friedman, Emil. 
Friedman, H. S. 
Frohsin, Lena. 
Fulda, Rosa. 
Fulda, Samuel. 
Freides, Samuel. 

Gimbel, Adam. 
Gimbel, Fridolin. 
Gimbel, Selomon. 
Glaser, Lillie. 
Goldsmith, Abraham. 
Goodman, Caroline. 
Goslar, Rosetta. 
Grant, Marietta. 
Greenbaum, Ethel. 
Greenberg, Ferdinand. 
Greenewald, B. F. 
Greenwald, Sallie G. 


Haac, Hattie. 
Hagedorn, Estelle. 
Hagedorn, E. 
Hagedorn, John I. 
Hagedorn, J. J. 
Hagedorn, M. H. 
Hanstein, Grace A. 
Harrison, L. R. 
Hecht, Samuel. 
Heller, Mary. 
Heller, Sam'l. 
Heller, Sidney. 
Herman, Emelie. 

Herzberg, M. 
Herzberg, Meyer. 
Herzberger, H. 
Herzberger, S. 
Heyman, Benno. 
Hexter, Samuel. 
Hilbronner, I. 
Hilbronner, Mrs. J. 
Hinline, Clara. 
Hirsch, Baroness de. 
Hirsch, Mason. 
Hirschler, Hannah. 
Hirschler, Simon. 
Hoffheimer, Leon. 
Hoffman, Lehman. 
Hoffman, Ernest. 
Hoffman, Mrs. Ernest. 
Hope, Benedict. 
Hope, Mrs. B. 
Horn, Fanny. 
Horn, Louis. 
Hutzler, Louis. 
Hyman, Henry. 
Hyman, Mrs. Julia. 
Hyman, Michael. 
Hyman, Pauline. 


Isaacs, Isaac. 
Isaacs, Leopold. 


Jacobs, Helen. 
Jastrow, Marcus. 
Jonas, Herman. 
Jonas, Herman. 


Kahn, Albert. 
Kahn, Benjamin. 
Kahn, Charles. 
Kahn, Edward. 
Kahn, Henrietta. 
Kahn, Isaac. 
Kaiser, Chas. 
Kaufman, Babbetta. 
Kaufman, Fannie. 
Kaufman, Mathilda. 
Kaufman, Solomon. 
Kind, Fannie. 
Kirschbaum, Abraham. 
Koester, Norman. 
Kohn, Henry. 
Kohn, Mrs. Henry. 
Kohn, Simon. 
Kohn, Henry. 

Lang, Henrietta. 
Largfeld, Linda. 
Laub, Bernard. 
Lazarus, Moritz. 


L-iibacb, Jacob, 
ivehman, M. S. 
Lehman, Samuel. 
Lesem, Isaac. 
Lesem, Mrs. Isaac. 
Leopold, Marks. 
Leopold, Arthur. 
Levi, Hettie. 
Levi, S. M. 
Levi, S. N. 
Levy, Mrs. A. 
Levy, Emanuel. 
Levy, Moses. 
Lewiu, Philip. 
Lewisohn, Leonard. 
Lewisohn, Mrs. Leonard. 
Lewisohn, Samuel. 
Lib'^rman, Isador. 
Lichten, Aaron. 
Lichten, Mathilda. 
Lichten, Moses H. 
Lichten, Simon. 
Linz, Francis. 
Liebermau, Emanuel. 
Lieberman, Ludwig. 
Lipbach, I. 
Lipschitz, S. E. 
Lipschuetz, A. 
Loeb, Cora. 
Loeb, Fannie. 
Loeb, Leonard. 
Loeb, Lottie. 
Loeb, Moses. 
Loeb, Tlieresa. 
Louchheim, H. 
Louchheim, Joseph, 
Louchheim, L. 
Lowenberg, H. 
Lowenstein, B. 
Lyon, Isaac. 
Loeb, L. 
Lyon, Theresa. 


MacElRey, Emma. 
Mann, Isiac., Louis. 
Marschuetz, Joseph. 
Marks, Dora. 
Marks, Harold. 
Marks, Jean. 
Marks Joseph. 
Marks, Theresa. 
Marquis, Mrs. A. 
Marquis, Mrs. M. 
Massman, A. E. 
Massman, Henrietta. 
Massman, Rachel. 
Massman. S E. 
Mayers, Milton. 
McKinley, William. 
Merz, Daniel. 
Meyer, David. 
Meyers, Abraham. 
Meyers, Elizabeth. 
Meyers, Henry. 
Meyers, Moses. 

Meyers, Sophia. 
Meyerhoff, Julia. 
Mielziner, Rev. M. 
Miller, Mrs. Julia. 
Millziner, M, 
Minster, Doris. 
Myers, Jos. 
Myers, Meyer. 
Myers, Simon. 


Nathan, Simon. 
Nautnburg, Rev. L. 
Navaratsky, Isidore. 
Nelke, Ferdinand. 
Netter, Simon. 
Newman, Morris. 
Nirdlinger, Caroline. 
Noar, Anna. 
Noar, Miriam. 
Northman, Arthur L. 
Northman, James M. 
Northman, Lillie. 
Nunes, Emanuel. 


Oppenheimer, C. 
Oppenheimer, E. 
Oppenheimer, Hulda. 
Oppenheimer, L. 
Oppenheimer, Mina. 
Oppenheimer, S. 

Pfaelzer, Cassie Theobald. 
Prince, Helen. 
Prince, Louis. 
Pulaski, Leon. 
Pulaski, Louis. 


RafF, Mrs. A. L. 
Rayner, Mr. & Mrs. Wm. 
Reckendorfer, Benj. 
Reckendorfer, Bertha. 
Reinstine, Alex. 
Reinstine, Elsie. 
Rice, vSimon. 
Ridgway, Sarah. 
Ries, Emanuel. 
Ries, Julia. 
Rosenberg, Bella. 
Rosenberg, Bella. 
Rosenthal, Emma. 
Rosenberg, E. S. 

Samuels, David. 
Schlachter, Albert. 
Schloss, Aaron. 
Schwarz, Albert. 
Schwarz, Nannie. 
Schwerin, Emanuel. 
vSeligman, B. 
Silberman, Jacob L. 
Silverman, Barbara. 
Simon, Sansom, 
Simons, Benjamin. 

Simson, Mary. 
Simson, Henry. 
vSmith, Caroline. 
Smith, Carrie. 
Smith, Isaac. 
Siiellenburg, Isaac. 
S^iellenburg, Joseph. 
Solomon, A. A. 
Starr, Hortense. 
Stern, Chas. 
Stern, Lena. 
Stern, Leon. 
Stern, Leon. 
Stern, Mrs. Jacob. 
Stern, Simon. 
Sternberger, Lena. 
Stiebel, Sophie. 

Techner, Bertha. 
Techner, Heyman. 
Teller, Francis. 
Teller, Joseph. 
Teller, Raphael. 
Teller, Rebecca. 
Thalheimer, Solomon. 
Traugott, Rachel. 
Tuch, Mr. and Mrs. 
Tutelman, Samuel. 


Ullman, David. 
UUman, Charlotte. 
Ulman, Michael. 


Weber, Sam'l 
Weil, Mrs. Carrie. 
Weil, Samuel. 
Weiler, Ellen. 
Weiler, Rosa. 
Weinlander, David L. 
Wertheimer, Henrietta. 
Wertheimer, Samuel. 
Wieder, Ernestine. 
Wieder, Franciska. 
Wieder, Herman. 
Wiernik, Leon. 
Wise, Dr. Isaac M. 
Wittenberg, Philip. 
Wollenberger, Maier. 
Wollenbergt-r, Caroline. 
Wolf, Carrie. 
Weil, Carrie. 
Woll, Flora. 
Wolf, Isaac. 
Wolf, Mary. 
Wolf, Max. 
Wolf, Sarah. 
Wolf, Wm. 
Wolf, Wolf W. 
Wolf, A S. 
Wurtzman, C. 
Wurtzman, E. 


Zeller, Augusta M. 
Zeller, Sina. 








L 1 G 

H T 1 N 



Imitations are Worthless and Extravagant. 

For Sale 
by All Dealers 

FREE -Ask your dealer for a Welsbach . 
paper cutter. It's pretty, useful, and FREE 

Many Women know the difference 

between Hoskins engraving and the usual kind ; if 
twice the number knew it our equipment and force 
would have to be materially increased. We invite 
you to see specimens of 

Stamped Stationery 
Wedding Invitations 
Reception, Tea and Calling Cards 

The 50 Calling Cards now being offered together 
with plate engraved in script for $1.00 as an intro- 
duction to our engraving department, are fully equal 
to cards sold by others at $1.50 to $2.50. We use 
Crane's best card and our engraving is done by hand 
— no finer calling card can be produced at any price. 



904-906 CHESTNUT ST. 




Manufacturers, Importers and Retailers, \^p 

WM. G. BERLINGER, Manager. 

Carpets, Linoleums, etc 


Foremost Corset Store 

TOURING the year 1905 our Corset Store was doubled in size, 
"^^^ and our trade increased i:i proportion — a phenomenal 
growth, based solely on SUPERIOR SERVICE. 

This is the home of our 




ADE expressly for us, in Paris, 
from our own models, by the 
by the world's greatest corsetiere. 
Known nearly everywhere as ' ' the 
corset that feels as if one had no 
corset on." 

*Zi vE carry in stock full lines of every ^\■orthy American make. 
^-^^ We are headquarters for the Nemo, the R. & G., 
and the Warner Corsets. 

/^UR saleswomen are also expert fitters — at your service. 
^^ We will undertake to end the corset troubles of any 
woman who will take advantage of the facilities we provide. 



1:529 (llQestr)ut Street 


^h0t0§i[aphiG ^ * 
^9 ^ ^ I1^0i[trtaits 



712 Arch Street 

1700 North Broad St. 




1708 Chestnut Street. 



Hrcbitccte nnb lEnainccv^ 

Southwest Cor. Chestnut and Twelfth Streets 


Specialists in the Designing of Industrial Plants, Reinforced Concrete Fire-Proof 
Buildings, Institutional Buildings ' 

Men's Tailoring, 


Chestnut St. 

The Juvenile Shop, 


Chestnut St. 

CKANE 23rd and Locust St- 

Has the reputation of turning out strictly PURE GOODS, viz: 

Ice Cream, 


Fancy Pastries, 

Candies and 

Soda Water 

For this reason he has built up a large trade amongst HEBREW 
PATRONS, the Mosaic dietary laws being strictly observed. 

Orders for Confirmation Receptions will receive his careful 
and punctual attention. 

Orders can be taken and accounts settled at 1331 Chestnut St. 

High Class LUNCH served, being entirely of Home Cooking. 

Bell Phone, Market 10=04 D 




Ladies' Jackets and Habits 

A Specialty . PHILADELPHIA, PA. 


New Cooking Range 

New Warm Air Distributor 

Open Grates & Stoves for Wood &. Coal 

Special Stoves for Laundry, Stable, 
Greenhouse, etc. 

Steam and Hot Water Heating Systems 

There are many reasons why you 
should have only Spear's Heating and 
Cooking appliances — the most modern, 
efficient, and economical — 

In Your Country Home 

Write to-day for further information 
and estimates. 

Hotels and institutions receive spe- 
cial attention. 

Janjes Spear Stove and Heating So. 

1014 and 1016 Market Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

JOSEPH S. KEEN, Jr., President and GenI Mgr. 
GEOR E M. BUNTING, Vice Pres"t and Treas. 
H. BAYARD HODGE, Secretary and Ass'f Treas. 
WM. H. ROTH, Assistant Secretary. 



Engineers and 
Contractors for 
Water Works 

No. 112 NORTH BROAD 5T. 

J. W. LEDOUX, IW. AM. SOC. C. E., Chief Engineer 
JAIVIES H. DAWES, Sup't of Construction. 
HAROLD PEROT KEEN, Sup't Operating Oept. 



Manufactured by 

Edwaird Darby &Son5 Co., inc. 

Office, 233-235 Arch Street, 

Factories, 113-115 Bread St., 


Three=quarter Inch Opening 

Our Lockers are Neat, Oerm Proof, Secure, Economical, 

Each I,ocker has K umber Plate, Nickel Plated Coat 
Hooks, Single Shelf, Combination (Keyless) Rim l,ock, 

3-point Bolt, ANY SIZE, ANY SHAPE. 



12"x12"x 60" AND 12" X 18" X 72" 

No. 230 

Frank Sweeney 

Mason Builder 
anb Contr&.ctor 


Heed Building 

Nos. I2I3 and I2I5 Filbert Street 

Telephone Connections, 
Both Phones 

Gold Seal ^eer 


Continental ^reiving Company from the very finest 
quality of Malt, and the best 
groivths of Hops * 


2 1st Street and Washington Avenue 



X X X I ^ only things that it cannot clean 
Are conscience soiled and tempers mean,. 

But it can clear 

Each grime or smear 
Into a whiteness seldom seen. 



Sold by All Grocers. 



Richard Coo^an '^'.T, .^^g^kif^ 



236 South Twenty=First Street, PHJLADELPHIA. 

A. F. Bornot & Bro 

French Scourers and Dvers 

17th St. and Fairmount Ave. 

(■ 1535 Chestnut Street 
DDAKir-uncJ '''4 N. Broad Street 
BRANCHES j n. g. Cor. 12th and Walnut Sts. 

{ S. W. Cor. Broad and Tasker Sts. 


1224 F Street, WASHINGTON, D. C. 
16 Alarket Street, WILMINGTON, DEL. 

Why not send us all your Important Cleaning 

Fine Paper Hangings, 

Special Designs 
in Frescoing. .^ 

Jevons & Heyl, 

Successors to 

J607 Columbia Ave. 

17 Years 
Business Experience. 




Bell Phone, Poplar 36-56 D. 

When dissatisfied with j^our 
work, try 


Columbia Avenue. 

Both Phones. 



Metropolitan Life 
Insurance Company 



The Compan}^ issuing the stand- 
ard polic3' of Life Insurance ; 
" leaves nothing to the imagina- 
tion; makes definite promises in 
dollars and cents. ' ' The Optional 
Life or Endowment Contract (for 
the premium charged) is better 
than Straight Endowment, at a 
inuch lower rate. Send for 
sample policy, giving your age 
and name in full. Men of ability 
wanted as agents. Apply 

JOHN R. FOX,Supt. 

900 Chestnut St., Philad'a. 

c^rt at Home, 


ft c^^^ 

hk^ ,.\^ MM 

■,R-7 '1 z^-^^^^} 

You can beautify 
your home with re- 
productions of fa- 
mous paintings at 
little cost. 

Have you anj' pic- 
tures you care for? 
We frame pictures in 
an artistic manner at 
little cost. 

Scheibats Art Shop 

16 North 9th Street, 


g;;^;^!;*"^;"*; ''La Crecque*' Corsets 

is there for a special purpose. " La Grecque " perfect fit is 
not accidental or occasional, but true to every "La Grecque" 
Corset. Accentuates the waist line and makes a woman 
look taller by giving her an erect well balanced poise. 

Our expert fitters will show just what corset will bring 
out the best lines and give stylish poi.'^e to your individual 

"Each line and cure has a reason.'' S3.50 up. 

''La Grecque" Tailored Underwear. 
Van Orden Corset Company, Manufacturers 






1631 Chestnut St. 



in every respect 
after a course of 

Vibratory Facial Massage 

with DUVAL'S FACIAL CREAM.— You will look 

five years younger after the first treatment, your 

facial muscles become firm, wrinkles disappear, and 

a delightful satiny skin will be yours. TRY US! 

The cost is a trifle, the iinprovement permanent. 

Single Treatment, 50 cents. Twelve Treatments, ^^5.00 

Manicuring, 25 cent?. 



208 MINT ARCADE (2d Floor) 
Broad and Chestnut Streets 

2027 CIve4t)vat 3t^ttt 


Banquet and Ball Rooms 

for Weddings, Etc. 


Terra Cotta Co. 


Srerjiteetural Kerra Kotta. 


Philadelphia. Builders Exchange, 


We make Pla^tes to print 


Owen T .etter's 


Collars and Cuffs 


No better work ^^y 
in the City ^ 
no matter what ^ 
you pay. 

Excelsior Uun<Jry Co. 

I9ti) & A\ontfon}ery five. 





Napkins, Towels, &c. 

Trenton Avenue and 

Westmoreland St. 

^¥v other pieces in 
%\0 proportion, 
^fr No trouble to call 

Coral St. and Lehigh Ave. 

Phone or postal 
for particulars. 

The Class & Nachod 

Brigfiton Mills 

'■Brel^ing Co, 

Smyrna Rugs 

Rich Colorings 


Tasteful Designs 
Moderate Prices 

Is Good 

Wool Smyrna Rugs 

In Sizes from 18 in. to 9 ft. x 12 ft. 


Tokio Rugs for Bath Rooms 


1 7 20-38 cMervine Street 


Front Street & Columbia Ave. 



JOSEl^H H. PA^HA^IN & Co. 



12G, 128 & 130 CHESTlSrXJT STREET 

New England Cotton Yarn Co. 

213 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 
Telephone, Market 7-75. 

P. H. CORR, 



A Yarns and 

^^^ Cotton . . . 

Mariner and Merchant Building 


Dvers and Finishers, 

York, Emepald and fldams Sts. 

New York Office, Silk Exchange Building, Broadway and Broome St. 


Ask your Dealer and insist on having your AWNINGS made from 

Hoffman Gold Medal Brand Awning Stripes. 

Largest Rope and Twine House in the World. 


413 Market St. 107 Duane Street. 118 Bay Street. 



114 Clnestniit Street F»hiiladelptiia, Pa. 




1018 Century Building, ATLANTA, GA. 

W. H. Harriss, Representative 


NEW YORK: 345-347 Broadway BOSTON: 67 Chauncy Street 

CHICAGO: 605 Medlnah Temple 













Are Always Reliable. 




Store and Office Fixtures, etc. 


Rolling Store Ladders. 


724-6 Ludlow Street, 



Kstablished 1S62. Phone. 


Successors to Thomas McCartj', 

Carpenters and Builders, 


(Below Callowhill Street) 




Beef ^ Wine and Iron, 

>^\J^ None Better 

Jungmann^s Drug Store, 

4th and Noble Streets 

and 220 Vine Street. 



& SONS, 



The William H. Moon Co. 

nurserymen and « 
Eanascape experts 

616 Stephen Girard Bldg. 
21 S. 12th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

J215 South Broad Street, 


MoRRisviLLE, Bucks Co., Pa. 


Jerome H. Sheip. 

Asa W. Vandegrift. 

Local and Long Distance Telephone. 

Sheip & Vandegrift, 

Manufacturers of 


818 to 832 Lawrence St. 



Tinners' Hardware and 
Roofers' Supplies, 

No. 337 Arcti Street, 



Furniture, Carpets, 
and Bedding, 


Keystcne Telephone, Main 4S-33 A. 


Practical Horse Shoer 

6J4 and 616 Jefferson St. 


Horses Shod According to 

1 lUI &C2» ^IIUU Law of Nature. 

Interfering Horses a .Specialty. 

Particular attention paid fo Road and Trot- 
ting Horses, Quarter Cracl<s, Corns, 
Contracted Feet, Etc. 




C. H. 



Wines and Liquors 



401-3-5 South Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

]^, I J^apgolin, 

-^ 534 i^ 
South l^ouFlh StFeet. 

Bell Phone, Market 29-59 D. 

Keystone Phone, Main 43-21 D. 




Under wi;ar, &c. 



lApioIesgle grocer 

709 South Fifth St. 



Land Title Building 





Have you 
lunched in 
the Acker 
Quality Shop ? 

Chestnut and 12th 



Representative of Jewish Institutions and welcomed in tlie Jewish Home 



Subscription Price $3 00 P^*" Annum 

Philadelphia Office 


Baltimore Office 


Vienna Ladies' Tailor 



Private School of Dancin 

lyO'S-iyio Chestnut St. 

Adult Classes — Monday and Thursday, 8 p.m. 
Children's Classes — 

Wednesdaj' and Saturday, 3 p. ra. 

Private Lessons any hour. 

Classes taught out of town. 

Hall can be rented for Private Dances. 

(Maple floor.) 

Phone, Spruce 64-55 A. 

The R. G. Chase Co. 

A full line of hardy high grade 
Nursery Stock 

Philadelphia Ofice 

Perry Building 
Chestnut and i6th Sts. 

R E. W. W. 

Holmesburg Granite Co. 

Building and Bridge Stone 
Hough, Dimension and €ut 0ranite 

Quarries: Phila., Pa., 35th Ward 
P. R. R. Tracks 

Office: 112 North Broad Street 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

W. E. WARK & CO. 

Structural and Ornamental Iron Work 

Elevator Enclosures and Builders' Iron Work 

i6th and Chestnut Sts. 


CHAS. H. DIX, Agt. 

^. \a/. (§)parl\5 




121 Walnut ^{reei 



^nilaas'phici e • • • • ® ^ 



y aqu acturers V^utual « ® 
^ire |qsurar|ee Rornbarju 



flrcade ^uildiqg 
^l^lladelpl^ia • • • 

Engineers « 






The water from that favorite spring or 
the clear cool depths of the well can be stored 
by a few hours pumping each week with a 

Rider or Ericsson 
Hot-Air Pump 

and an ever ready flow such as you have in the city may be had 
at all times. Being a machine of small power it is safe in the 
hands of anyone, and is a reliable, durable and economical means 
of providing a constant water supply. 

CATALOGUE A 1 on application to nearest store. 


35 Warren Street, NEW YORK. 

40 Dearborn Street. CHICAGO. 

40 North Seventh Street, PHILADELPHIA. 

239 Franklin Street, BOSTON. 

234 Craig Street, West, MONTREAL, P. Q. 

22 Pitt Street, SYDNEY, N. S. W. 

Tenienbe=Rey 71, HAVANA, CUBA. 



BELL PHONE, Market 50=36 A 



Carpenter and Builder 





Bookkeepers use one kind of lead pencil; 

Stenographers another; Salesmen still |||Vriri l^flKP 

another— that is, there's a lead pencil of L'lAUll ITICIIW^ 


Do you know what's best for yours? 

Dixon's Pencil Guide will tell you. 


Philadelphia Branch 1020 Arch Street. 

Main Office and Factory, Jersey City, N, J. 

Insure your Dwellings and Furniture 

Against Fire, Lightning, and Windstorm in the 


Over $14,000,000 paid in losses. 

1 • 1 J. 1 T n ESTABI<ISHED 50 YEARS. 

Agricultural Insurance Co. 

OF WATERTOWN, N. J. Assets, $2,691,926. 

COST. r Brick dwellings, I3.00 per thousand for 5 years. 

FIRE AND LIGHTNING. \ Furniture |8.oo per thousand 5 years. 
WINDSTORM. I3.00 per thousand for 5 years. 

^' ^^'^JUnJg'^er^^^^"' 422 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

'' Once Grown 

Always Grown'' 

The Maule motto for more than 
25 years. My new 





Cost over |5o,ooo to publish. If you have a garden you can have a copy 
for the asking. Send a postal for it to 

WM. HENRY MAULE, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Stanton H. Hackett 

242 South Second Street 


Title Insurance, Trust and 

Safe Deposit Co. 

S. W. Corner Fourth and Green Streets, 


Capital Stock, Full Paid = $500,000.00 
Surplus and Undivided Profits 675,000.00 
Deposits = = = 3,500,000.00 


Receives money on deposit, subject to check on sight, allowing 2 per cent, interest and 3 per cent, 
in Saving Fund Department, on tvifo weeks' notice. Rents boxes for safe keeping of valuables,' in 
burglar and fire-proof vaults, guarded by latest improved time locks, for $5.00 and upwards. 
lyetters of Credit and International Cheques for Travelers issued, available everywhere. 

Examines and insures titles to real estate. Collects rents, dividends, interest, etc Money loaned 
on mortgage and mortgages for sale. Attends to all details pertaining to buying, selling and 
conveying of real estate. 

Transacts all Trust Company business and acts in the capacity of executor, administrator, guard- 
ian or Trustee, taking entire charge of estates. All valuables received for safe keeping. Wills 
received and kept iu safe boxes without charge. 



First Vice-President, 


Second Vice-President, 


Secretary and Treasurer, 



George Kessler 
Philip Doerr 

Albert Hellwig 
Jno. G Vogler 
Frederick Orlemann John Greenwood 
Charles G. Berlinger Fred'k Gaeckler 
Thomas Y. England George Nass 
Philip Spaeter 
Charles Mahler 

Wm. H. Rookstool William Roesch 

Bernhard Ernst 
Daniel W. Grafly 
J. Edwin Rech 
August P. Kunzig 
Albert Shoenhut 
C. J. Preisendanz Charles W. Miller 
Henry Haeuser William G. Berlinger 

®ie SBeomten f^rctften tieutfi^. 

Theobald & Oppenheimer Co. 




WiTn, Tznn and T^o^al %ane2?^ 

Seed and Ha^jana. 


H. B. Rosenberger 


g'SS",? Hay and Straw 




Dry Goods, Groceries, 

and General Merchandise. 

Doylestown, Pa. 

P. & R. R. DEPOT 

The Doylestown Blacksmith 
and Repair Shops, 



Carriage and Wagon Repairing a Specialty. 


and Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 


Grain, Feed, Timothy and Clover 
Seed, Lime, Fertilizers, &c. 

South Main St,, opposite the Gas Works 


Dealer in and Wholesale Agent for 

Iron, Steel, Building and 

Carriage Hardware, 

Cor. of Main and Ashland Streets, 

doylestown: pa. 


Edward C. Case 


WALK=OVER SHOES a Specialty 

Lenape Building, Main St. Front 

James M. Hartzel. 
B. Frank Hartzel. 

Steam Roller Mills. 

High-Grade Patent 
Fancy Patent 

Choice Rye Flour 

F. D. HartzeTs Sons, 




Grain, Mill Peed, and Best Lehigh 

and Schuylkill Coal, 


C, Louis Siegler, D. D. S. 

opposite Ne'w Hart Building 
Main Street, Doylesto'wn, Pa. 

Standard Phone, No. 55 A. 


Ladies' and 
Dry Qoods and 


Notions, Shoes, 


A. S. 



Christian Pfaff 



wh^a>e vvine and 

Granite and Marble Ulorks 

5 Liquor 

529 & 531 North Twelfth St 


Above Ri ge Ave. 

S. E. Corner 


Passyunk Ave. and Catharine St. 



Bell Phone, Poplar 5967 A. 


Quaker City 

Cigar Box 




President and (jeneral Manager 

109 and 111 

North Orrianna Street. 

414 Locust Street 

Telkphone Connection. 


General Partner, 



gesttra! Baraware fiowse 

Dealers in 

General Hardware, Cutlery, &c. 


Vulcanite Portland Cement, 

Brackets, Mouldings, Doors, Window 

Sewer Pipes, 

Sash, Blinds, Shutters, Window 

Lewis Pure White Lead & Oil, 

Frames, Etc. 

Cutlery and Stationery. 

The best Fertilizers aluays on hand. 

n, e. €or. main and State Streets. 

All kinds Factory Work done to order. 



Bell Telephone 67 X. 


'WlVt. T*. EI-Y 


Ready. to= Wear Clothing for Men. Boys and 


Children, Gent's Furnishing Goods, Hats 

and Caps, Boots and Shoes, 

Biycles all kinds. 

Opposite P. & R. Depot. DOYLESTOWN, PA. 

and Builder 





Diamonds, matches, Clocks, lewelry, 

mm morK 

Cut Glass and Silverware. 

CASH paid for Old Gold and Silver. 


Hart Building, Doylestown, Pa. 


Has arrived in town. It is like no other car and can be measured by no 
otiier Standard. It is a combination of Perfect Parts everyone of which 
Reflects the pride of the MAN who MAOE IT. lOO satisfied owners in 
Philadelphia is our greatest claim for your consideration. 






Take in moderation and grow old gracefully. 

These valuable goods are bottled in full quarts at 

$1.00, $1.25 and $1.50. Age alone controls price.