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Full text of "Elon College Monthly, the, June 1891-February 1896"

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Published ty the Literary Societies, 

ELO/\f COLLEGE. N, C. 

EDITORIAL STAFF. 
Prof. E. ^. MOFFITT, Altjmnj Editor. . 



CLIO aOCIETY: 



PSIPHELIAN SOCIETY: 



PHILOLOGIAN SOCIETY: 



S. E. EVERETT. Miss lUBJfE JOHNSON. W. P. LAWRENCE. 



' j BUSINESS MANAGERS. 

CLIO SOCtETV: PSIPHBLrlAN SOCIETY:/ PHUiOIiOQIAN SOCIETY; 

W. J. GRAHAM. Miss ANNIE GRAHAM. J. W. RAWLS. 



CONTENTS. 

An Educated Ministry, N. G. Newman. 

The World a Mirror; -M- S. 

The Midnight Reflections of a Senior, Cfti^P. 

Courtesy at Home W. H. Albright. 

Editorials: Salutatory, S. E. Everett. 

College Journalism, E. L. Moffitt. 

The Growth of the College, W. P. Lawrence. 

Ij Co-education a Success? Miss Irene Johnson. 

, .long Our Exchanges, Miss Irene Johnson. 

Jjjcals, • ^V. P. Lawrence. 

y M. C. A. Notes S. E. Everett. 



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What is it ? Read it backwards and you have the name of 
a Dry Goods Store in Greensboro which sold nearly a HUN- 
DRED THOUSAND DOI^LARS WORTH OF GOODS 
last year, and did not sell a dollar's worth on credit. How 
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ergy and vim, by the fair and impartial One Price System ; 
but first, last, and principally by low prices. Whenever you 
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Clothing, Dress Goods, Shoes, Hats, Carpets, 

NOTIONS OR bRT Q00D5, 

Come and see us and you will be glad you came. 
Our line of 

-^IFIME SUITS aNE) PaOTaLOONS!^ 

for Young Men and Boys is especially full and attractive, 
and we carry one of the Largest and Most Complete Stocks of 

Fine Dress Goods, and Ladies' and Gents' Shoes 

I3>T THE SX-A.TB- 

SAMPLE S. BROWN & CO., 

GREENSBORO, N. C. 



e^e (^eon Cotk^t QTlont^e^. 



Vol. 1, 



JUfiE, 1891. 



No. L 



Managers' Notice. — Correspoud- 
ents will please send all matter in- 
tended for publication, to W, P. Law- 
rence, Elon College. N. C. 

Terms of Subscription. — One dol- 
lar per scholastic issue, cash in ad- 
vance. 

Remittances should be made pay- 
able to "Business Managers of The 
Clon Collkgb Monthly," 



Terms of Advertising.— 

One Page, one insertion $3-5<' 

One Page, ten months. ..... $30.00 

One-half page, one insertion, . . $2.50 
One.half page, ten months. . . .$22.00 

One-third page, one insertion, . .Si. 50 
One-third page, ten months, . . $14.00 

All business communications should 
be forwarded to 

BU.SINESS MANAGERS, 
Elon College, N. C. 



SALUTATORY. 

With this issue we make our smiles and bow to the 
public. We greet one and all with pleasure, and hope to 
make many friends, as we expect to find maj^ critics and 
enemies. We, the students of Elon College, have de- 
cided to put ourselves upon the plain of criticism. The 
idea has grown in our mind that we can publish a paper 
that will do to present to the public and herew^ith pre- 
sent the result of our first effort. 

Where there is work, there is prosperity: where there 
is a mind, a working mind, there is success. Recogniz- 
ing this fact in the begining, and knowing that the 
growth and prosperity of our paper rest upon our own 
shoulders, we do not propose to undertake this noble 
work "single-handed." We ask the hearty cooperation 
of friends. 

To make the paper a success is our object: to make 
it worthy of your subscription is our duty; and we shall 
put forth our best efforts to give our subscribers satisfac- 
tion. Lend us your aid: give us a helping hand. Let 
not one dollar frighten you. Kind words and dollars 
cheer editors, and it takes money to buy paper and pay 
printers. 

We cannot judge our monthly by the past, for this is 



2 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

the first work on this line that Elon College has ever 
nndertaken. We cannot judge its future by what it 
has been; but with the consolation that "where there is 
a will, there is a way," we press forward to the work. 

Other Colleges have papers and the}- succeed, and 
why cannotThe Elon College Monthly prosper ? It can 
succeed — it will succeed, if all who can, will aid. It 
will be a helper, a worker, an advertisement for the col- 
lege. Now, if you love the College, subscribe for the 
Monthly,, and you will help the institution. Especially, 
do we call upon the patrons and friends of the school to 
take it. Patrons, do you feel united to your children 
by the tender cord of love, and do you love the school ? 
Do you feel interested in our college, and are you anx- 
ious to know how your children are getting on in col- 
lege ? Then encourage your children by reading what 
they have written when you were asleep. Friends, take 
the paper for the benefit it will do you: take it for your 
children to read at home. 

We need help: we need encouragement: ive need 
Tnoney. When you subscribe, forward your dollar at 
once. We cannot run a paper without money. If you 
wish to encourage us; if you think our paper worthy the 
price, subscribe for it. 

We beg that we may not be criticised too severly. 
We are young in the cause: we are "fresh." Bear with 
us patiently. If we go wrong, censure us, and we will 
thank you. If we do the best we can, bear gently with 
us. Give us an encouraging word and send in }'our 
name and your dollar. 

S. E. Everett. 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 3 

COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 

It is only within the last few years that College Journ- 
alism has come to be recognized as a necessary factor in 
collegre work. But now it is safe to sav that no collegre 
is complete without it. As narrow text-book exclusive- 
ness has ceased to be a predominant principle in the 
workings of a progressive institution, any feature that 
tends to elevate and to broaden the intellectual standard 
among the st'^dents is accepted as necessary to a pros- 
perous existence. We would not under-rate the impor- 
tance of thorough training in text-books, of extensive 
reading in the libraries, nor of vigorous activity in so- 
ciety work: for in his text-books, the student lays a 
broad and finn intellectual foundation ; in the libran.-, he 
collects his material and builds upon this foundation; in 
the literary society, he learns to use this material; while 
in the college journal, he brings it into practical service. ' 
It goes (Dut to the world, is received for what it is worth, 
and influences thought and action in proportion to its 
practicality and plausible reasoning. 

Some may say that the world receives few ideas, and 
is moved to little activity by college journals; that school- 
boy productions are fitted to influence school-boys only. 
It is too true that the great majority of men in the out- 
side world look upon us in just this light; they subscribe 
for our magazines "not because they ever expect to read 
them, but simply to encourage the boys, and to aid the 
enterprise." The result is that the poor school-boy's 
ideas, that have cost him so many hours of trouble, anx- 
iety and hard work, go unread. No influence indeed ! 
How could they exert an influence upon an unwilling, 
self-confident and non-receptive brain, perhaps several 
yards from the waste-basket — the first and final resting 
place of most college papers ? 



4 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

But while we admit that the direct influence of work 
in college journalism upon those not immediately con- 
nected with the college, is unjustly meager; yet, it can 
not be denied that the indirect influence is powerful and 
lasting. The students who take an interest in this kind 
of work receive a benefit which is measured neither by 
time nor by money. 

Go to the various institutions of our country, and you 
will almost in\-ariably find that the strongest men are 
those on the journal staff. They come into immediate 
contact with the brightest and best thought of the time. 
The state and national papers, the best selected social, 
economic, political and religious magazines are eagerly 
and inquiringly read and digested. In this manner 
young men come to take an abiding interest in the prac- 
tical issues of the day, and when they go out into the 
world they are not crammed merely with text-book the- 
ories and principles, ready to blush and stammer if asked 
a question about the tariff, civil service reform, or the 
silver question; but we find them well informed on all 
these, and so, ready to take an even start with those who 
understand and influence thought and action. The lit- 
erary impulse thus received extends itself into all bran- 
ches of inquiry, and better rounded men leave our col- 
leges than could otherwise be expected. We would not 
claim an undue influence in this line of work upon the 
student body ; but what it is, and the end that is attained, 
is well attested by the close thinking and polished writ- 
ing of the college editor; and, in after life, by his suc- 
cess, which is surely partly due to this fact. 

Another, and by no means unimportant benefit aris- 
ing from the college journal, is its influence upon the 
college. It is an advertisement, and a paying oiie, that 
is scattered from county to county, from state to state, 
not simply publishing the existence of the college, but 



THE ELOX COLLEGE MONTHLY. 5 

indicating the character of the work done. A man may 
glance over the journals from the University, Trinit}-, 
Wake Forest and Davidson, in this state, and soon see 
that they are the centers of a healthful and invigorating 
literary influence, and this fact will bring in more stu- 
dents than months of canvassing and talking about their 
advantages and educational fitness. And again, the col- 
lege paper is the great medium of communication be- 
tween the alumni. It keeps the institution and its in- 
terests continually before their minds, it binds them to- 
gether in a kind of brotherhood that is both pleasant 
and beneficial. As a proof of this you will find that a 
college's strongest and most lasting friends are those who 
take the college paper. Then, with these and other in- 
fluences, together with the living examples furnished in 
the personal qualifications of those who go out from 
these institutions }-ear after year, if under christian man- 
agement, and pervaded by an eairnest, progressive liter- 
ary spirit, there is no excuse for failure. 

With these facts in view, and stimulated by the high- 
toned excellence of the magazines of our sister colleges, 
we come before the public, with the determination to 
do what we can to emulate their examples in the cre- 
ation of a higher development of the literary taste in 
Elon College. E. L. Moffitt. 



GROW^TH OF THE COLLEGE. 

When we speak of the growth of any object we can 
get a clearer conception of the degree of development 
by contrasting its beginning wntli its relative standing 
to other objects of the same class at the present : just 
in the same way may we see the development of our 
college into Elon College. 

In June 1887, the Graham Normal College propert>- 
was leased bv the General Convention of the Christian 



/ 



6 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

Church South, for the purpose of establishing a college. 
Up to this time the Christian Church South, had not 
been able to support a college. Soon after the school 
(known as Graham College) had been established, it 
was seen that buildings better suited to the needs of a 
young and flourishing college were greatly needed. So 
in 1888 the General Convention of the Christian Church 
South, decided to erect new buildings afid to establish a 
college that would compete fairly with other colleges 
in the State. 

It being decided that the new school should be known 
as Elon College, a beautiful location was selected on the 
North Carolina railroad, eighteen miles east of Greens- 
boro. Funds were solicited for the erection of build- 
ings. Being ably assisted, not only by many of our 
leading ministers, but also by hundreds of laymen, their 
noble hearted wives and daughters, and friends of the 
Christian church. Rev. W. S. Long, A. M., D. D., 
former president of Graham College, and now president 
of Elon College, has succeeded, by great personal sacri- 
fice and much laborious work, in erecting a $40,000 col- 
lege building and a commodious three-story brick dor- 
mitory; and on the 2d of September, 1891, the first ses- 
sion of Elon College opened with 76 students. 

When we look at the long tedious march of Wake 
Forest, Trinity, and of other colleges in the State-, from 
their beginning up to their present standing, we can but 
exclaim, how greatly has God blessed the efforts 
of the Christian Church South, within the last 
four years, in establishing a college that to-day fairly 
competes with the older colleges in the State. 

But we would not boast of our prosperity, for when 
we think of the many hard difficulties that those col- 
leges that have led the way, had to overcome in other 
days, when illiteracy and superstition were their great- 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 7 

est enemies, and when the Civil War, like a thief, 
robbed them of their boys and closed their doors, we 
feel that our rapid progress is due in a great measure to 
the noble work of other colleges and schools, in bring- 
ing education into general public favor. This being 
our condition at the present, we feel grateful both to 
other colleges and to Him, the Giver of every blessing, 
for the prosperity that has thus far crowned our efforts ; 
and by the aid of these we hope soon to be in the front 
ranks, bearing our part in enlightening the masses. 

In the fall of 1887, the Christian Church South, could 
say for the first time that she had a college of her own 
where she might educate her )'oung ministers, and teach 
boys and girls to be ornaments to society, to be moral 
guides to corrupt humanity, and to be consecrated active 
members in the church. 

During the past year the growth of the college has 
been considerably greater than it has of any previous 
year of its existence. There has been an increase of 
75 per cent, in the patronage, and 100 per cent, increase 
in the theological class. The president visited the 
Middle Atlantic and the New England states last win- 
ter and made many valuable friends for the college 
while there. The students have been united all the 
time, both among themselves and wath the faculty, in 
elevating the social and religious status. Several young 
men have been converted in the Y. M. C. A., and 
through its influenca and the influence of an interesting 
prayer-meeting, quite a number of the young men and 
young ladies have been led to consecrate themselves 
more fully to the great work of life, — blessing humanity 
and serving God. 

Many have labored hard and contributed liberally to 
make Elon a success, and their efforts are being richly 
rewarded; but the burden is weighing heavily upon 



8 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

their shoulders. They need other helpers to "hold up 
their hands" in their great work. Who will help by 
soliciting patronage, by making a donation to the library 
or by giving one, five, ten, or as many dollars as he can 
to strengthen the college financially. 

The future of this republic depends upon the loyalty 
of its subjects; the future of a New South depends upon 
the virtue and energy of her brave sons and fair daugh- 
ters ; the future of Elon College, a contributor in this 
grand wprk, depends upon the combined efforts of the 
different conferences of the Christian Church South. 
Let every one do his duty and we shall have 200 stu- 
dents next year. Let Elon continue to prosper and in 
ten years she will be a peer of the best colleges in the 
State- W. P. Lawrence. 



IS CO-EDUCATION A SUCCESS ? 

The question "would co-education be a success", has 
often confronted us. Many minds have been thoroughly 
agitated on the subject. Our people have seen and felt 
the necessity of a higher standard of education for the 
female, as well as for the male. Our parents have de- 
sired daughters more nearly complete in their maiden- 
hood. Our brothers have longed for sisters capable of 
being more beneficial to them, sisters who would be 
their equals in intellect, as well as in beauty and grace, ' 
in knowledge as well as in morality. Our young men 
and old men have seen the pressing need of better wives 
— wives competant of directing the household as it 
should be, wives in whom they could find more congen- 
iality, who could sympathize with them in all their toils, 
share their pleasures, and aid them in their life work. 
Yes, men have wished for true companionship. For the 
accomplishment of these things, woman must be more 
highly educated. Female colleges have failed in turn- 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 9 

ing out women sufficiently qualified to perform their va- 
rious duties. But how must our girls be more efficiently 
educated, what changes can be wraught by the means of 
which their higher culture may be attained ? Such 
questions as these have time and again presented them- 
selves vividly to the thoughtful mind, the result of 
which, is the system of co-education. ]Many well groun- 
ded arguments have been produced both for and against 
it. After a long while some of our best northern and 
western colleges adopted the system; but it was only re- 
cently that southern people could decide to try it iu 
their higher institutions. Among the small number of 
those which have thrown open their doors equally wide 
to the male and female is Elon College, of the Christian 
denomination, south; and now we hasten to our subject, 
asking you, kind reader, to pardon us for speaking from 
experience. 

Last September our doors were opened. In came 
boys and girls. Many anxious hearts have observed 
closely each single deed which might be a point either 
in favor of the s}stem, or against it. Some of us were 
even opposed to it rather than prejudiced for it. But 
after a year's work it is now gladly said that co-educa- 
tion has proven a success. You ask our reasons for this 
assertion. Well, after having had direct knowledge of 
the workings of female colleges and some indirect of 
male, some observations have been made which we now 
wish to note, and with profound respect for those col- 
leges, for we feel no little interest in their hehalf, we 
must say that in a school where co-education reigns su- 
preme there are some advantages, there is a difference in 
the boys and girls. Admitting that the senior is always 
superior in intellect to those who are not so fortunate as 
to wear that name, and not forgetful that no female has 
the honor of being one here this year, admitting these 



10 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY, 

exceptions, it is sincerely alleg-ed that the girls do com- 
pare favorably with the bo}'s in the recitation room. 

It has al\va%'s been orand to have vouno^ men for class- 
mates. What an incentive it is to a eirl to be enorasfed 
in a rivalry with boys in the class room !' It is a singu- 
lar fact, but none the less true, that girls will not try to 
excel another as they will those of the opposite sex. It 
is surprisingly strange how little the spirit of rivalry 
manifests itself in female schools, how low the aspira- 
tions of*the girls are; but when young men are seen 
daily striving for the goal, girls are compelled to seek 
higher fields. Young men know not what influence 
they exert over girls. To the learned students of cer- 
tain male colleges many of us girls owe much, for it was 
their brilliant minds that made us put forth greater ef- 
forts to soar to worlds of wisdom and renown. 

But some parent is heard to say that co-education is a 
farce, for his daughter who is equally bright as his neigh- 
bor's makes much lower grades at the co-educational 
school than his neighbor's does at a female school. Let 
us tell you, a paper that would bring lOO at a female 
school will bring only 91 or 92 at a co-educational school. 
Probably this can be accounted for from the fact that the 
majority of teachers at a female college are women, and 
woman, not being so hard hearted as man, gives the girls 
the best grade possible. But one thing sure, a man 
looks at the papers and not the pretty faces, and grades 
accordingly — and closely you may rest assured. Our 
boys behave well during chapel services. Not so often 
are they seen reading Virgil, Logic, or a novel during 
religious devotions, as some other boys have been seen to 
do. 

Probably some one asks if there is not too much sen- 
timental work done in school. We answer no more than 
elsewhere. Who ever knew a boy or girl past the age 



THE ELON COLLEGE :\IONTHLY. ii 

of sixteen who did not love some one? Ii" may not be 
true love, and we are pursuaded to believe that there is 
comparatively little true love in the world. Young peo- 
ple will love at home as well as at school, 

' 'The law was enacted in Heaven above, 
That like begets like and love begets love." 

The writer's observation has been that the more highly 
one is educated the more noble person will he seek for a 
lover. Thus it seems to us that it is the very thing for 
boys and girls to be educated together. They will know 
each other better, lia\'e a profounder esteem for true 
worth, and be far more competent to select a suitable 
companion. We admit that the hearts of students of co- 
educational schools are not stone, but we are pursuaded 
that, the evil resulting from the affections of the school 
boy and girl will be wholly overbalanced by the good 
which will accrue from their having equal advantages 
and privileges in the class-room. Again, it is absurd 
to think that a student sound in mind and body cannot 
love and still be a law abiding and diligent pupil. On 
the contrary, a man or woman of any will-power can 
love devotedly and yet not act in a way that will give 
the teacher the least apprehension of such. One thing 
observed is, that the young men and ladies ot co-educa- 
tional schools are truly moral. We do not hear boys 
swearing as they walk through the campus, or see them 
lying on the ground in a state of wretched drunkenness. 
The young men seem to strive to be the equals of the 
ladies and vice versa. 

When all our colleges open wide their doors, our girls 
will be better prepared for their life work, our young 
men will have a truer knowledge of human nature and a 
more profound respect for the true woman. 

Yes, co-education is the cry, for it can be, it must be, 
it has been, and it will be a success. 

Irene Johnson. 



12 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

CONTRIBUTIONS. 



AN EDUCATED MINISTRY. 

It is amusing to observe the degree of complacencj'^ with 
which some argue against an educated ministry ; but it 
is rather disgusting to observe how boldly some advocate 
it and how timidly they practice it. The former belong to 
that class of laymen who are too stingy to contribute for 
that purpose, the latter to that class of ministers who are 
too lazy to work for an education. Of course, I make no 
mention of those who have not sense enough to obtain it, 
for, it is my opinion, God calls no such men into his vine- 
yard. 

We will now notice a few objections commonly employed 
by the classes named above. 

They say that if God calls men into his service he will 
give them the power necessary to perform that service. It 
is true that God provides whatever is necessary, but is left 
with man to accept or reject. God simply helps those who 
help themselves. He who does not sow will not reap. He 
who will not work must beg, sponge, or starve. In all 
things there is a part for man to do. This may be seen in 
the miracles of Christ. When the man who had a with- 
ered hand would be healed he must stretch forth his hand ; 
when the blind man would receive his sight he must go 
wash. So it is when man would be qualified for his special 
calling, God gives the means whereby he may be qualified, 
but goes no farther. Man must do the remainder. 

They point us to some uneducated man who has been a 
success. Yes, some have ; but statistics show that for every 
uneducated man who succeeds, scores will fail, and seven 
hundred and fiftj'- educated men meet with success. 

They say that the grace of God is more important than 
an education- AVho does not know that? Any man ex- 
cept an atheist will admit the statement. The intimation 
is that God will bestow his grace upon an ignorant man 
rather than upon an intelligent one. Such an inference is 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 13 

absurd iu the extreme. That would simply be placiug a 
premium oa idleness and ignorance. God does most for 
those who do most for themselves ; and surely the man who 
has studied diligenth' for years to obtain an education has 
done more for himself than the one who has remained in 
idleness and ignorance. For example, there is one denom- 
ination that opposes an educated ministry; but what has 
that denomination ever done for the advancement of civili- 
zation and the promotion of the gospel ? It has dwindled 
into ingigniiicance, and will soon be known as a thing of 
the past. All such in the conflict of religious denomina- 
tions must fail 

They refer to the Apostles as ignorant and untutoied 
men. This is simply untrue The Scriptures give no au- 
thority for such a statement, and a man shows his igno- 
rance when he refers to the Apostles as an argument against 
special culture and preparation for the ministry. The 
Apostles were the wisest baud of ministers ever sent forth 
to preach the gospel. Christ did not send them forth 
"empty handed," as some claim he does for them at the 
present daj'. For three years thej^ learned at the foot of 
Jesus those lessons of truth and wisdom which made them 
"wise as serpents and harmless as doves." Besides they 
were endued with a superhuman power which God in his 
wisdom no longer bestows upon man. 

Among other ministers of the early church were men of 
vast learning. Paul was among the best educated men of 
his day. Apollos, we are told, was a "Jew, born at Alex- 
andria, an eloquent man and mighty in the Scriptures " 
Now% Alexandria was at that time the world's great center 
of learning, and to be reared there was to have the best ed- 
ucational advantages that the world could then give. It 
was here that Archimedes, Hipparchus, Strabo and Aristo- 
phanes acquired that knowledge which has preserved their 
memory through all succeeding ages. It was under such 
influence that the great disciple was reared and became a 
man of great learning and power. From this school also 
came the christian fathers, Origen and Athauasius. 

There is another and more liberal class of opponents. 



14 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY/ 

They admit that a minister ought to be educated, but say 
it is often impossible Yes, this is truej but only in one 
case — when the man has not brain enough to obtain an ed- 
ucation. The day when a yoving man of talent and energy 
could not obtain an education is a thing of the past He 
is to-day surrounded by colleges and seminaries which are 
only too glad to welcome him to their halls and to favor 
his circumstances. If he shows himself worthy the purses 
of friends will open to him. But suppose he is thrown en- 
tirely on his own resources. Let him read the biography 
of great men — learn what men have done men can do. If 
the man v/ho aspires to more worldly fame can toil and 
suffer and sacrifice to prepare himself for his profession, 
most assuredly the minister can do the same. The way 
may be rough and long ; but there is no '"palm without 

dust," — no crown without a cross. 

^. G. Newman. 



OUR FOUNDATIONS FORMING FOR FUTURE 

USEFULNESS. 

We stand, as it were, on the threshold of time ; the 
past is fading away in the distance ; the future lies be- 
fore us, shrouded and veiled in mystery, and as we 
stand between these two eternities, our thoughts natur- 
ally revert, in sad retrospect, to the past, ere we look 
with eager anticipation to the future. 

Year after year the band of workers will increase, 
who go forth from this institution bearing their deplo- 
inas, eager to act their part in the great drama of life. 
The instruction and discipline we have received here 
will aid us to lay our foundations broad and deep, and 
now it lies with us to build upon them. The scafibld- 
ing of rules and restraints will be taken away and here- 
after we must stand or fall upon our own responsibili- 
ties. 

How we would like to lift the ^eil of futurity and 
catch a glimpse of the lives of one hundred and fifteen 
students who will go out from this institution this year. 
What variety there will probably be among them ! The 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 15 

lives of some will be long, some short ; some honored 
and useful, others less fortunate; all having their share 
of disappointment and sorrow, as well as satisfaction 
and joy. The imagination would visit the realm of 
shadows sent out from some window of the soul on 
life's restless waters; but it comes back wearily with no 
olive leaf in its beak as a token of life beyond the closlj' 
bending horizon. Faith alone can build a bridge for us. 
We hope that the training which we have received in 
this institution will fit us the better to bear the troubles, 
to overcome the obstacles, and to enjoy the blessings 
and pleasures which fall to our lot; for we feel that 
this has been the object of our teachers. There is for 
us a larger field of activitj' and greater responsibilities 
than was for our forefathers, therefore we need careful 
preparation for what awaits us. It is for this purpose 
that our education is intended ; not only that we may 
acquire so much knowledge of Latin. English, Mathe- 
matics or History, but that we may learn the better to 
think and to form correct opinions. Annie Graham. 



THE WORLD A MIRROR. 

Frown into it; nothing but frowns will be reflected. Ev- 
erything will seem to be frowning; everything will seem 
to be wrong. The sun will not appear to shine so brightlj'. 
The flowers will not smell so sweet, nor present all of their 
charms. The birds will not have the usual melody in their 
chirpings. Friends, tried and true, will appear cold and 
distant, and the smiles and merriment of others will sound 
like hollow mockery. 

Smile into it. What a change I All things resume their 
usual beaut}'. The sky grows bluer ; the sun shines more 
brightly ; the landscape becomes more lovely ; the birds 
sing more sweetl}' ; friends become more genial ; people 
grow more social and are more easily managed ; and the 
whole universe teems with joy and gladness. 

Such is life. Whatever we give we must prepare our- 
selves to take. The things we sow we are bound to reap. 



i6 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

The fruits of our labor are constantly being laid away in 
the great storehouse of the world, and we receive a recom- 
pense according to their value. Our actions shape our des- 
tiny and the influence of our course is reflected by others, 
after we pass the portals of eternity. 

• Many a man to-day, is in part actuated by the works of 
a Shakespeare, a Milton, an Emerson, or a Longfellow. 
Great numbers are invigorated by the wholesome doctrines 
of a St. Paul, while the life our Savior is feebly portrayed 
by many a human soul. Thus a man cannot live altogether 
to himself. Some one will find him out ; some one will pat- 
ronize him ; some one will see something in his life, his con- 
duct to admire or to assimilate, and will thus act the part 
of a reflector. 

The world has fixed its eyes upon us. We are watched, 
and that closely. If we do a good deed there is some one 
ready to commend ; if we do a bad deed there is some one 
ready to censure ; if we do anything either good or bad, 
there is some one ready to impose upon us an unjust judg- 
ment. But what of that ? What does it matter to us 
which way the world may judge us? It matters a great 
deal if we are doing wrong; it matters nothing if we are 
doing right. 

Right is the standard under whose folds we should en- 
deavor to march. Why? Because it carries with it our 
happiness, the happiness of our own countrymen, the hap- 
piness of the world. Demosthenes stood before a mirror 
and practiced gestures until he lost all his awkwardness, 
and could move his arms as gracefully as any poliiihed 
speaker. We stand before the world to-day, and prac- 
tice deeds of right, of justice, of charity We may be awk- 
ward at first, and during our endeavors the world may re- 
flect our deeds in all their awkwardness ; but practice, con- 
tinual practice is all we need to make us appear natural in 
the performance of our duties. 

Mortals spend a few years here and pass away, but their 
deeds do not decay with their bones. Napoleon still lives 
so does Wellington The story of the hatchet and the cherry 
tree is still told to children all over this Union, The Iliad 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 17 

is read by a greater number to-day thau ever before. The 
world is reflectiug the deeds of these great aien. and the 
lives of men are being influenced thereby. Tlien let us be- 
ware how we act before this gieat mirror ; and let us i-e- 
memember that 

"Nothing great is lightly won, 
Nothing won is lost, 
Kvery good deed nobly done 
Will repaj' the cost " 

H. 8. 

THE MIDNIGHT REFLECTIONS OF A SENIOR. 

The general opinion now is that a feeling of J03', delight 
and ftmd anticipation, unmixed with care, pervades the 
Senior's life. The Freshman thinks that the work of three 
years will place him in this longed for position The Soph- 
(miore lays his books one by one on the shelf, and sighs as 
lie thinks of the next two years and the work the}' will 
bring. The Junior ascends into the higher " branches of 
knowledge, and discoverssometbingof thought and reason- 
ing to be encountered, but looks for a brighter day, when 
the next year shall dawn upon him. The Senior enters 
upon his work knowing that three years of his college life 
are behind him, and that he has reached this position only 
by hard toil and honest, earnest and persistent effort. 

He now begins to review his former ease and pleasure, 
and to compare them with his present hard toil. He has 
ascended to higher planes ; his knowledge has increased ; 
his horizon has become extended ; his view has broadened • 
and now he looks beyond college walls ; and beholds some 
of the stern realities of life. As his head begins to ache 
and his eyes begin to burn, his reflections, at the midnight 
hour, form for him a new experience. His former antici- 
pations are not realized. His store of knowledge is still in- 
complete, and he realizes it. He had formerly dreamed 
that positions of honor and trust would await his accept- 
ance when he closed his college cai*eer. He had thought 
that the learned would be his associates, that the great 
would do him honor, that wealth and luxury would pour 



i8 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

« 

iuto his lap, and tliat with the utmost ease he would per- 
form the most extraordinary tasks. 

His reflections now teach him that these were, fancy's 
early illusions. For him the world has assumed a different 
appearance. The learned say you can enjoy our associa- 
tion only by preparing yourself to enter into our thoughts. 
He sees that each profession yields jvist what well-directed 
efforts draw therefrom, and that extraordinary tasks are 
not performed by dreams. In short his observations say 
that life is a reality, and that only such things can be made 
a success as are brought within the domains of reality 

He now^ knows (for such have been his reflections) that 
diplomas have never turned the wheels of progress, nor 
brought up from the depths below the treasures of nature 
but stored away in the hidden recesses of the earth to 
await man's discovery and development. His contact with 
the thoughts of scholars, as contained in his text-books and 
his knowledge gained by broader research tell him that the 
world calls for men. Tasks begin to multiply, and the op- 
erations of his brain drive from him the idle thoughts of 
former days. All that laborers have done, that students 
have learned, that workers have accomplished, now rises 
before his meanderings to cause him to do and to be some- 
thing. The choice now lies betwen servitude and freedom. 
He may be a man or a dwarf. The manifold ej^es of the 
world begin to observe his actions ; and to his astonish- 
ment mark his efforts. Benefits for values given are de- 
manded and he does not refuse to respond. 

Reflections such as the above crowd out all the little joys 
and destroy such sources of happiness as he thought he 
would possess. But now grand possibilities arise and al- 
lure him on. Voices from unoccupied fields offer to him 
an invitation to come and take possession. 

He now sees a thousand new avenues of pleasure open- 
ing before him, and such opportunities as he never before 
contemplated. A desire for present ease, so prominent in 
every life, and one for future usefulness demand his con- 
sideration. 

After all, his reflections at the midnight hour lead him 



THE ELON COLLEGE IMONTHLY. 19 

to concluda that to do nothing is to be nothing, and to be 
something he must do something. The demand is for more 
Seniors ; but the Senior mu^^t know that he has oul3^ 
reached one turning point in life's journey; and that at 
each turning point business multiplies, tasks grow larger, 
and life becomes more of a reality. 

•'The heights by great men reached and kept, 

Were uot attained by sudden flight ; 

But they were toiling while others slept, 

Onward and upward in the night."' 

c. c. p. 



COURTESY AT HOME, 



Courtesy is that delicate attention to the feelings of oth- 
ers that leads us to avoid any act or deed that can cause 
them pain or inconvenience — to give to others the kindl}" 
care that will add iu every way to their comfort and hap- 
piness and keep all around us in a state of pleasant feeling. 
The foundation of courtesy is unselfishnesa and a desire to 
please. 

Where can its influence be more grateful and more last- 
ing than at home? Who can so well appreciate the pleas- 
ures of courtes}' as those with whom we are in daily inter- 
course? Consider the charms that would be difiused in 
our homes if every member made it a rule to observe all 
the kindly courtesies of life, making the same elfort to be 
agreeable to each other, as they would feel bound to make 
in a social circle of friends and acquaintances. 

Many persons who are the very cream of politeness in 
company, at home are petulant, rude and tyrannical, keep- 
ing the atmosphere that should be most serene, clouded 
and dull ; carrying the face that beams with smiles outside 
with gloom or indifference inside, (giving abroad smiles 
and courtesy, and carrjang gloom and rudeness home to 
greet those who are dearest to them.) 

It is not enough to refrain from actual unkiudness or 
gloom ; real kindness and cheerfulness must be exercised 
to make our homes what they should be — the brightest 
spots on earth. The man who will carry a costly bouquet 



20 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

to a mere acquaiutance, aad allow his sister to move a 
heavy piece of furniture, is not a true gentleman, though 
his manners abroad be the most polished in the world. The 
talents or accomplishments that will charm a circle of 
friends, will surely make home happier if displayed there. 
Courtesy at home is the true, inborn politeness of heart, 
that will make a man carry to his mother the book she has 
expressed a desire to read, invite his sister to take a pleas- 
ant walk or drive, play for an hour with the little ones, as- 
sist his younger brother with a difficult lesson, watch the 
plates at table to supply them with what is within his reach, 
and refrain from any rudeness, sarcasm or vulgarity, that 
can wound or annoy others. Happy is the home whei e 
selfishness is not allowed to enter, and where gentle, for- 
bearing courtesy is the rule of all, where the happiness of 
all is the consideration of each one. 

There the father enters to find his arrival expected with 
loving welcome, to give his praise for meritorious acts or 
words, and to receive the respectful afiection of his children. 
There the mother rests from weary work in the active will- 
ingness of her children to share her burdens. There sisters 
and brothers unite in loving emulation, to win the smile of 
their parents, to make each other happy by loving words 
and thoughtful acts. 

"The mild forbearance at a brother's fault, 

The angry word suppressed, the taunting thought 

Subduing and subdue, the petty strife 

Which clouds the colors of domestic life ; 

The sober comfort, all the peace that springs 

From the large aggregate of little things — 

On these small cares of daaghter, wife, or friend, 

The utmost sacred joys of home depend," 

W. H. Albright. 



THE ELON CCSlvLEGE MONTHLY. 21 



LOCALS. 



Examinations. 

Comuiencemeut. 

Vacation is almost here and school mates must part. 

If you want your mouth fixed, any good pictures, dry 
goods, books, etc , read the advertisements in this issue. 

Mr. W. L. Smith has receutlj^ built and opened up a nice 
hotel near the depot. 

Prof. Newman has been suffering a great deal from ner- 
vousness. We hope that he will be speedily restored to 
good health. 

A number of handsome dwellings have been erected in 
our village during the past winter and spring, and quite a 
boom in building is expected during vacation. 

Mr. W. J. Laine is superintending a good Sunday School 
at Shallow Ford. 

Rev. W. C Wicker preaches once a month at Mt. Ver- 
non, where he has a good congregation. 

Mr. J — and Mr. N — happened to meet up in Mr. G — 's 
room a few nights ago. Mr. N — said to Mr. J — , "If I 
were you, I wouldn't pay $3.00 a term room rent." 

Mr. J— "Why ?" 

Mr. ;^ — "Because you don't stay in it any." 

Miss wants to know if the Facult}' will allow her to 

talk to a certain youug man just a little 

The young men have been doing some faithful work on 
the campus. The young ladies are going to do their part 
by planting flowers and evergreens as soon as the walks are 
prepared for that work. 

Rev. J. P. Barrett. D. D., and his noble wife paid us a 



22 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

pleasant visit the first Sunday in May, The doctor has 
been quite unwell for several weeks. May the Lord bless 
him with health and strength that he may continue in his 
useful labors. He has been ,'one of the main workers in 
making Elon what it is. 

Two of our young preachers will graduate this year. 
Then, we predict for them a series of lectures on "Wom- 
an's Rights," that is, when it takes only one vote to elect. 
Look out girls ! 

"Leather Head" had rather risk his life on the bell rope 
than be caught by a monitor. 

One of our young preachers, in royal dignit}', was parad- 
ing the campus when another young preacher asked him 
if he wanted to sell any railroad stock. He answered, 
"No, but I'd like to hire a brakeman." 

Things that make me tired : 

"Trade last." 

"Chewing gum." 

'•The blues." 

"The scaffolding around the tower." 

"Rats," 

"The above lines." 

"Sailor Dirgins" is a very unpleasant host according to 
what "Kildee No, 2" says about him. "Kildee" went 
around to spend the night with "Dirgins" and was very 
badly abused for putting his feet on the chair round, spit- 
ting on the floor, etc., by "Dirgins,'' who was his master in 
strength. Shortlj'^ afterwards a request was made in prayer 
meeting for every one that would make sowie^/im^ a specialty 
for prayer during the next week, to stand up. "Kildee" 
was among the number that rose up. On being asked for 
what he was going to pray, he replied, "I am going to pray 
for strength to whip that "Sailor Dirgins." 

Wanted: Two young men who will smile at two young 
ladies in time of chapel exei'cises and on all other occasions 
when in each other's presence, one dozen young men who 
will stand around the chapel doors and see all the 3"0ung 



THE ELON COLLEGE ^MONTHLY. 23 

ladies pass iu aud out, two 3'Oimg ladies to take "two yokes" 
off of a young man's neck, aud one young man who will 
never fail to speak to a 3'oung lady with whom he has an 
engagement. Liberal rewards will be paid for the above. 
It seems that our boj's have an unwield}' aversion to 
some kinds of labor and especialh^ to working the public 
roads. One evening when the road overseer made his ap- 
pearance in our village, not a few boys were seen running 
from him as if he were a lion. At supper time man^^ of 
them were seen, like bush-whackers iu the time of war, 
going in at the ba<;k doors of the boarding houses. In fact 
so frightful was the approach of that overseer, it is sai(^ 
ihat when he entered the college and knocked at the door 
of a certain Professor's room the Prof, escaped through 
the window aud doubtless did some' damage to the wall 
with the toes of his shoes as he slid down from the window. 
After he struck the ground the prevalent idea in his mind 
must have been, '"heels save the body" from the manner iu 
which he escaped through the rear of the campus to the 
nearest thicket. 

The new railroad law requiring young ladies to give both 
their name and age to get their express packages out of the 
depot is meeting with no little opposition among the Elon 
girls. Young lawyers, if you don't want the girls hopping 
mad at you and pitching into you on every side, never 
make a law requiring them to tell their age. 

Blessed is the Professor that expects nothing for he 
shall not be disappointed. Many Professors put on a 
long face when their students recite a bad lesson ; but 
of all the long faces I ever saw was Professor .I'sa few days 
ago, when he was disappointed in not receiving a rose 
from his girl. A student went off on a visit Saturday 
and Sunday and saw a Professor's girl ; on Mondaj' 
morning he met said professor, aud thinking he was go- 
ing to ask, if she sent him the rose, told him she did 
not send it before he could ask. He understood the boy 
to say she did send it; and some time during the day 
he approached the student and ask him for it. The 



24 THE ELO?^ COLLEGE MONTHLY. 

student replied: I told you she did not send you one. 
The Professor was so badly "hacked" that he got the 
boy in his class-room, and made him promise to get him 
a rose of some kind. The student pulled off a sweet 
cream rose that his own girl gave him, and wirh many 
sighs passed it over to his Professor. Beware, students, 
when you talk to your Professor, speak plainly ; and be 
sure you make him understand before you leave him — 
or the rose is his. 




ATTENTION STUDENTS!! 

It matters not what kind of a pr ogTammay be arrang- 
ed for a commencement, it cannot be executed to the 
letter and with success unless proper conduct on the 
part of the students. There are some things actually 
necessary to be done by the students or commencement 
will be a failure. Let us here mention a few: 

First, there will be many visitors present. These vis- 
itors are coming, not to listen to the public speaking, 
but to see 3^ou (the students). You are of much more 
importance than the preacher, or the speakers chosen 
for the occasion. Therefore you must make yourselves 
as conspicuous as possible. This you can do in several 
ways. Never think of being in your seat and ready be- 
fore speaking begins. Wait until the speaker has an- 
nounced his subject and is well under way, then enter 
and (especially if you have on new shoes) walk up as 
near the speaker as possible and seat yourself, not for 
the purpose of listening to the speaker — never — but for 
whispering to the one nearest to you, and above all 
things, when you hear one entering the chapel, be sure 
to turn in your seat and gaze at him until he has taken 
his seat. This must not be omitted as it is calculated 
to lend much inspiration to the speaker. And one 
other thing actually necessa,ry just here. The marshals 
must be certain to go up and down the aisles two dozen 
times each during every speech. No commencement is 
complete without this. Then as soon as speaking is 
over and the audience is dismissed let every student 

sh fpr the door and station himself just on the outside 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 25 

to view the visitors as tliey come out (or rather let them 
view you). If possible get a cigarette and light it im- 
mediately — as this will add much to the dignity of the 
occasion and the admiration of the visitors. 

During intermission, while there is no exercise in the 
chapel, students should patrol the campus, all the while 
keeping as much noise as possible, — whistling, singing 
or yelling. At this stage of the exercises two cigarettes 
— one in each corner of the mouth — ^should be used in- 
stead of one. At no time should any student be with- 
out his walking cane. 

Every body will be here for the special puspose of 
closely observing the marshals and these should keep 
going and be every where and very busy all the time. 
Marshals are for ornaments, not for use, "eyes on and 
hands off." Let all closely observe and follow the 
above directions and our commencement will be a grand 
success. Anonymous. 



26 THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 



r. M. C. A. NOTES. 

Shall we save our couutry, or shall we turn willingly 
from our duty and let it grow up in ruins and destruction ? 
God has placed us on earth amid pleasure and happiness. 
He has given us a work to perform; and let us train the 
miud in youth to do this work. The trees and the fields 
that put on their spring garments in May and all the mys- 
terious workings in nature satisfy us that man's power is 
weak compared to God's. In nature we have not power; but 
man has influence over man ; boy has influence over boy ; 
and they should use their influence in some good way. The 
Y. M. C. A. is drawing into its work young men and boys 
who have never given religion a thought. They readily 
give up their bad habits and take delight in studying the 
word of God. 

Our Y. M. C. A. began weak, and is somewhat weak yet, 
but we thank God that it is growing. God has been with 
us iu our work. We organized with on\j 19 members and 
that number has increased to 4."). 

Twelve from our association attended the Durham Con- 
vention. All came back with brighter smiles, and hearts 
filled with the good work. Some boys were sent that were 
not taking much part in the Y. M. C. A.; and after attend- 
ing they became prompt members in the association. 

It is doing a grand and noble work at the present. We 
have a Bible class on Sunday evening. Several of our mem- 
bers preach at different churches two or three miles around 
the college, and also have Sunday School classes which they 
attend ever}'^ Sunday. Prayer meeting is held in the Col- 
lege chapel everv Sunday night, and one of our Y. M. C. A. 
boys conducts it. 

We have had the pleasure of being paid a visit by mem- 
bers of other colleges Their visits are appreciated and 
would be glad to have them again. The State Secretar}'- 
has not paid us a visit yet, but hope to have him with us 
next session. We expect to be better prepared next fall 
and we will be able to du better work. 



THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 27 

Our officers aud committees have been elected and ap- 
pointed for next session. Our object is to get ever}' boy in 
school to jo n the Y. M. C. A., and not only to join, bui to 
work and receive the benefits of out- meetings. Fathers and 
mothers wish their boys and girls to be trained up in a good 
way, and we are going to do all we can to cheer the parents' 
hearts and shape the tender characters while young. 

S. E. E. 



AMONG OUR EXCHANGES. 

AN HOUR IN THE READING ROOM. 

Among the most pleasant hours during the day should be that 
iu which the Reading Room is open. Studeuts grow weary of text- 
books, aud need the recreation that good newspapers and maga- 
zines can afford them. Yet students are often negligent about 
reading. Thep are forgetful of its importance. The less one reads 
the less he will wish to read. A young man, or woman, may 
delve deep into their text books from September until June, yet, if 
they neglect visiting the Reading Room they will tind, on going 
out from school, that they are sadly lacking in knowledge on many 
subjects about which they should be well informed. 

In the Reading Room students will find their denominational 
paper, which they should always read. How little is that person 
worth to his denomination, who knows nothing whatever of its 
work, or even its principles. Then one should read the secular 
papers of the week and thus learn what the world is doing. Es- 
pecially will the girls enjoy such magazines as the Cosmopolitan, 
Harper^s Weekly and Frank Leslie^s Monthly. Those interested iu 
political economy, aud every one should be, will find many valua- 
ble articles in such as the National Econoinist and the Foriim. In 
the latter, also, the young man interested in politics will find many 
fine theories and much valuable information, and here let us say 
that the Forum is among the very best magazines published, and 
since one of our North Carolinians is now on its editorial staff, it 
will be even more interesting, especially to those of us who know 
his people and in our childhood listened with admu-aticu to his el- 
oquence. 

The health journals should be read by all, for every one should 



28 THE ELON COIvIvEGE MONTHLY. 

attend carefully to the body, the dwelling place of the soul. When 
health is lost then all is gloom. 

The educational magazines are entertaining and heneficial. 
Among them are those of the leading colleges of our own State; 
and we would also mention the Literary Digest as very good. 

Lastly, we would urge you^ to read the Homiletic. Its articles 
are written by most able Divines, Each one should study it care- 
fully. From it young ministers will receive many helpful thoughts. 
Especially will its scientific department afford delight to the stu- 
dents of moral philosoiDhy. There are numerous excellent publi- 
cations which time does not permit us to mention. But frequent 
the Eoom yourself and learn of the abundance of wealth it has in 
store for you. 

Irene Johnson. 



9 

BURLINGTON, N. C, 

Cany oue of the Largest Line of 

Dry Goods, Notions, Clothing and Shoes, 

in Alamance county, and they are leaders iu both 
STYLES AJVD PRICES. 

Do your trading in the above lines with 

B. A. SELLARS & SON, 

and save money. 

F. FISHBLATE'S 

One Price Clothing and Furnisfiing Goods House is 

FOE — 



All Students cordially invited to make our Store their 
home while in Greensboro. • 

Kespectfully, 

F. FISHBLATE, 

GREENSBORO, N. 0. 



DIKE BOOK CO., 

iOOKS. STllTIENEfl!. FUNGI GOOOS. 

Base Balls and Bats, 
SCHOOL BOOKS. 

Orders by mail for everything 
in our line promptly filled. 

No. 116, opposite Piedmcnt 
Banli, Greensboro. 

ELOB COLLEGE HOTEL 

MEALS AT ANY HOUR. 

Transient - - 25 cents. 

Drummer, - - 50 cents. 
:Monthly Board from §10 to §15. 

W. L. SMITH, 

Proprietor. 

Dl, I, W. iilllITi, 

Surgeon Dentist, 

Office No. ii3>^, South Elm St., 
GREENSBORO, N. C. 

W. C. & A. A. ISELEY, 

BUGGIES, 

CARTS, 

HARNESS, 
FERTILIZERS, 
AND 
FARM MACHINERY 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 



H. L HINES, 

— DEALER IN — 

Ehn College, N. C. 

Holt, Williamson & Co,, 
Leading Merchants 

— OF — 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

Wholesale and Retail. 

W. S. LONG, Jr.", 

ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Calls in the Country Promptly 
Attended to. 

HERNDON & YOUNG, 

ELON COLLEGE, N C. 

DEALERS IN 

GENEHJiL ERGHllNDISE, M GOODS. 

Shoes, Notions, Heavy and Fancy Grocer- 
ies, Meats, Meal, Flour, Canned Goods, and 
Fancj' Candies. 

A full line of DRUGS always ou hand. 
Prescriptions promptly and carefully com- 
pounded. 

We guarantee lowest possible prices. 



C3-0 TO 

W. K. HAY'S STORK 

When You go to 

BXTXBXjinsro-rroisr, 

and see if he cannot give you as Good Bargains as can be 
obtained anywhere. He has a Nice Line of 

GLOTJE3:iIsrC3-, 

Ready-Made, an^ of the Latest Styles, at Eock Bottom 
Prices. A Nice Line of 

LADIES' DRESS GOODS. 

He has a lot of SHOES, HATS and JEWELRY. You 
can save money by going to see him before purchasing. 

When you go to BTJRLINGTON, N. C, be sure to call on 



and he will trj' and make it to your interest, as well as his, 
to trade with him. He keeps 

Dry Goods, Groceries, Tinware, Crockery, 
Pictures and Frames, 

Orsia:ig"es and. Bananas, Etc. 

He quotes CALICO at 6 and 7i cents. SHEETING, 7 
cents. MOLASSES, 35 and 40 cents. 

Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes. 



SOUTHERN JEWELRY HOUSE. 

F. D. JOHNSON & SONS, 

1028 Main Street, 
LYNCHBURG, VA. 

HEADQUARTERS FOR 

Diamonds, Watches, Medals and Badges. 

In ordering goods or sending us a remittance, please do not send 
Checks on Banks south of Virginia^ as it costs exchange ; therefore 
we ask you to remit by Exchange on !N'ew York, Postoffice Moue}' 
Order, by Registered Mail or Express. 

In sending us a package, repairs or memorandum goods, he sure 
to %iJrite your name and j^ostojftce on package, (this is not against the 
regulations of the Postoffice Department), it serves us a favor in 
readily ascertaining from whom package comes. 

We will be glad to send 

W^¥CpEg, DI^M@NDS MB JEWELRY 

on approval, of course we require first-class references where you 
are not known to us. 

Tf you have any Jevvelry to repair, a Watch to repair, or wish 
to trade or sell old gold or old silver, it will pay you to corre- 
pond with us. 

WE EMPLOY ONLY THE BEST SKILLED WORKMEN. 

Our Best Reference : Thousands of satisfied customers 
throughout the South. 

If you visit our city be sure and call to see us. 

F. D. JOHNSON & SONS, 
« 

1028 Main Street, 

LYNCHBURG, VA. 



(^EW (^LOTHING gTORE. 

ALL NEW STYLISH QOOOS. 

C. M. VANSTORY & CO., 

Can show the Largest Stock of 

li^e Ckthisg, Hat^, and Fimlshmg BaocI?, 

ia Greensboro, N. C. Our goods are all new and of the very Latest 
Styles. We sell as cheap as any house in North Carolina. Every 
piece of goods in our store is marked iu plain figures, the very lowest 
CASH CENT that will buy it. 

We invite Elon College Professors and Students to make our store 
their home when in Greensboro. 

You Will Save Money By Buying of Us. 
Very respectfully, 

C. M. VAFSTORY & CO., 

Leading Clothiers and Hatters, 
First door above Benbow Hall. GREENSBORO, N. C. 

For the BEST PHOTOGRAPHS at Reasonable Prices, go to 

ROB'T a. WHITE'S GALLERY. 

PORTRAITS IN CRAYON, PASTEL, OR OIL. 

See my Special Offer of a Life Size Cravon and One Dozen Cabinets, 

for ^lO." 

COPYING AND ENLARGING DONE AT SHORT NOTICE. 

Speciel Rates to all the Students of Elon College. 

I^OB'T O. WHITE, Photogitaphep, 

West Market St., two doors west of Courthouse, Greensboro, N. C. 



.-■'',' ''S-^:'^"',l 



7 



ELON C 



NEW COLLEGE. 

Delightful Location. Both Sexes. 

One of the Largest and Handsomest School Buildings, 

and one of the Best and Cheapest Colleges 

in the State. 



For Announcement, send to 



Rev.w:s.LONG,A.M.,D.D„ 



President, Elon College, N. C. 






VOL. I. 



OCTOBi^, 1891. 
J? 



No 2. 



THJE 



an? miMSi LIBRARY 



f. 



^109 QDlIe^e /T^o^tt^ly. 

Published by the L£Ijpei^ai^y Sogieties, 
ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 




Via Society: 
EVERETT. 



Clio Society. 
W. J. GRAHAM. 



B^ITO^IjIL staj^ip. 



Prof. E. L. MOFFITT, Alumni Editor. 

Psiphelian Society: Philologian Society: 

MISS IRENE JOHNSON. W. P. LAWRENCE. 



SirSIA'^SS MA.YoiGB^S. 



Psiphelian Society. 
MISS ANNIE GRAHAM. 



Philologian Society. 
J. W. RAWLS. 



-^-f^ CONTENTS. ^>^'- 

Page. 

The Highef Education of Women. N. G. Newman 1 

Life is Short. W. H. AlbHght ...!!.!!! 4 

Woman's Suffra^je. J. H. Jones ; .- 5 

Editorials— '\Vomanly Women. Irene Johnson g 

The Farmer Should be Educated. W. P. Lawrence 10 

The Freshman of Former Days. S. E. Everett II 

The Evils of Slang. E. L. M >,, j^ 

The Darkest Cloud has a Silvtry Lining. Retlaw 17 

Y. M. C. A. Notes. W. P. Lawrence ..]... 19 

Locals 20 

' Alumni Notes 3 1 



THE 



ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 



Vol. I. 



OCTOBER, 1891. 



No. 2. 



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Elon College, N. C. 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— One dollar per scholastic 
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Elon College, N. C. 



THE HIGHER EDUCATION OF WOMEN. 



Just fifty years ago at the next an- 
nual commencement of Oberlin Col- 
lege, Ohio, three young women of 
that Institution were awarded diplo- 
mas — the first honors of the kind ever 
bestowed upon their sex. That day 
recorded a signal triumph and marked 
an era in the educational world. That 
da}- witnessed the first symptoms of 
deca\' in a long-standing and deep- 
rooted prejudice against the higher 
education of women. So rapid has 
been the progress of this movement, 
and so great is the contrast between 
that day and this, that the student of 
to-day looks with little charit)' upon 
the educational views of his ancestors. 
There was a time, however, when the 
prevalence of ignorance made oppo- 
sition to higher female education ex- 
cusable, but to-day he who would 
"j. stand in the way of her intellectual 
f^ progress must be considered not only 



the enemy of women, but a foe to the 
most vital interest of our race. 

The old idea that woman is capaci- 
tated for little education and needs 
less is fast passing away; yet there 
still lingers in the minds of many a 
remnant of the old prejudice. Many 
and various are the objections still 
urged against the higher education of 
women. 

I . // IS claimed that tlic intellectual 
world is not Jier appointed sphere. 

While it may be true that wo- 
man was not designed specially for 
the intellectual world, yet, in the vicis- 
itudes of life, it often becomes her 
most fitting place. The constitution 
of nature and the organization of so- 
ciety provides that man shall care for 
woman, but in actual life there must 
be many exceptions. Many women 
have to support, not only themselves, 
but also a familv. To all such a 



The Elon College Monthly. 



higher education is of inestimable 
value; for without this she is forced 
into uncongenial employment, where 
she is overworked and poorly paid. 
The compensation to women for man- 
ual and the lower grades of intellect- 
ual labor is unjustly small. If a 
woman maintains herself and family 
at manual labor, it must be done by 
the slow but sure sapping away of her 
own life's blood. To all dependent 
women a higher education is the sur- 
est resort. There she receives " like 
compensation for like services" and 
occupies a position, not only congen- 
ial to her nature, but consistent with 
her ability. 

2. It is said that she will marry as 
soon as she leaves college, limit her 
sphere of usefulness to the walls of 
herown home, and society will receive 
no benefit from her education. This 
idea is the offspring of ignorance. 
That woman's sphere is the home is 
the strongest argument in favor of her 
higher education. No place on earth 
needs more intelligence than the 
home. How inconsistent are men ! 
They consider no amount of skill and 
learning too great for those who are 
to manage the complex business en- 
terprises of our land and to direct the 
affairs of State; yet, they claim that 
woman, who is to mold and govern 
the home — the most complex as well 
as the most important organization 
on earth — needs little or no educa- 
tion, no special culture or training. 
Can anyone need more wisdom than 
she to whom nature entrusts those 
helpless beings, whose* bodies are to 
be developed under her care, whose 



minds are to be trained or shaped 
after hers, and the destiny of whose 
immortal souls depends largely upon 
the wisdom and intelligence of her 
who rules the home.'' 

Upon the culture and development 
of the young women of the present 
generation depends the manhood of 
the succeeding, and upon that man- 
hood depends every vital interest of 
Church and State. Ignorant mothers 
means ignorant children. Yes, it 
means more than this. It means a 
posterity, which, instead of adorning 
society and blessing the world, will 
prove an actual curse to humanity. 
It means wretchedness; it means pov- 
erty; it means crime! 

3. The most valid and humiliating 
objection to attempting the pursuit of 
a higher education is the one so often 
given by the women themselves. 
They remind us of the educational 
advantages and the encouragement 
given to young men, but denied to 
them. This is only too true and 
should make the educators of our land 
blush with shame. The great dis- 
crimination in the educational advan- 
tages of young men and young women 
is a disgrace to civilization. And in 
no part of the Union is the distinction 
greater than in the two States most 
largely represented here to-day. In 
North Carolina there are only about 
twelve female colleges, and the course 
of instruction pursued at these is a 
reflection upon the noble young wo- 
men of our State. A graduate from 
the best of them could not enter the 
junior class at the University, Wake 
Forest, or Trinity. Virginia — a State 



The Elox College Monthly. 



noted for her many noble institutions 
of learning for her sons, has not one 
for the higher education of her fair 
daughters. The Virginia girl who 
would obtain a liberal education must 
seek it be}'ond the limits of her native 
State. Like most other States her 
female colleges cannot give it, and in 
that State — but in that State only — 
woman is forbidden to enter any 
other. 

4. It has been asserted that woman 
is weaker physically and mentally 
than man, and therefore unable to 
pursue the advanced studies of a thor- 
ough college course. That she is 
weaker, physically, all admit. That 
she is weaker mentally is an unsolved 
and at present an insolvable problem. 
To affirm such is simply an idle and 
unfounded presumption; for at no pe- 
riod of the world's history has woman 
been allowed to measure her ability 
with man. 

If physical weakness is an argument 
against the higher education of women 
it is an argument against the lower. 
Every student knows that the first 
years of college life are the severest 
on the constitution; and in those 
schools where women pursue the 
highest course we find the smallest 
per cent of ill health. "The higher 
education of woman is a conservative, 
not a destructive force." The average 
college girl is a happy, healthy, rosy 
creature; while the one who stays at 
home, reads "trash" all day and talks 
"nonsense" all night, is sickly and 
sentimental — a living shadow — a sad 
monument of wrecked womanhood! 

To say that woman is not capaci- 



tated for the higher branches of learn- 
ing, is to deny that she has a capacity 
for the simple elements of knowledge. 
The elementary principles of an edu- 
cation are the m.ost difficult part. The 
student who has spent five years on 
Arithmetic often masters Conic Sec- 
tions in five months. The mind, like 
the body, acquires strength and vigor 
by exercise; and thus, in the intellec- 
tual world, to him who thoroughly 
explores his pathway it becomes 
brighter and more pleasant to tread. 
The great trouble is, that our young 
women seldom go far enough in the 
course for the pursuit of knowledge, 
to become easy and pleasant. They 
tread the thorny wilderness and the 
barren desert, and climb a little way 
the rugged mountain of knowledge 
but few ever ascend to the summit to 
view those sweet fields beyond — the 
goal of intellectual delight to all who 
would possess them. 

But this idea, like every idea 
grounded in ignorance or superstition, 
must yield before the onward progress 
of intelligence. Yes, it is even now 
fast yielding. Female colleges of 
high grade have been established, 
and male colleges and universities 
have one by one thrown open their 
doors to women, until now only one 
third of the American colleges remain 
barred against her. And the time is 
not far distant when the last college 
door, for a long time so strongly 
barred against her, will fly open at 
the gentle sound of her approaching 
footstep; the great store-house of 
knowledge will fully yield up to her 
its long hidden treasure; and her 



The Elon College Monthly. 



genial influence, like the radiant sun- 
beam, shall penetrate the darkest re- 
cesses of earth, diffusing the glorious 
light of wisdom, until the last barrier 
to her intellectual liberty shall have 



been broken down, and the last cry 
of oppressed womanhood is forever 
hushed. 

N. G. Newman. 



LIFE IS SHORT. 



Looking back upon the past ages 
of the world and the generations after 
generations of the human race that 
have passed away, the brevity of hu- 
man existence and the insignificance 
of individual influence becomes ap- 
parent. True, there are instances of 
men whose names and actions are 
still quoted for their power and influ- 
ence in their lives, but to each one of 
these are millions who lived and died 
forgotten centuries ago, whose names 
now live only upon a crumbling tomb- 
stone. 

Life after life has passed and faded. 
Each one filled for a time its niche in 
the world, performed its portion of 
labor, felt its share of pain and pleas- 
ure, and then passed away to the 
grave that waits for all. 

While nature smiled unchanged 
through centuries, the sun shone, the 
rain fell, the trees waved in graceful 
beauty, man came and passed away 
like a cloud over the heavens, forgot- 
ten as the vapor is forgotten when 
the sun absorbs it in its glorious rays. 

While we live nature v^'ill smile; 
when we die the sunlight will still 
fall upon our graves, and the great 
works of creation take no note of our 



loss — for the world still offers the 
attractions she presented to our an- 
cestors, and when our names are for- 
gotten the same pleasures will await 
coming generations. Only a short 
time and the end will come to us as 
it has come to our predecessors. 
Only a little while and the throbbing 
heart will be still, the busy brain will 
cease to plan, and the active hand 
will be passive. Only a short span 
of pain and pleasure and the cofiin 
lid will close above us, the last solemn 
prayer be said, the tears that fell from 
the mourner's eyes be dried and our 
names heard no more, even in the 
household prayer. This life, thus 
brief, thus unimportant, is yet a prep- 
aration for a higher and more enduring 
existence in a home where death does 
not come, where mourning is never 
heard, where the perfect existence, 
denied here, is promised to those who 
earn it in this brief sojourn on earth. 
It is but a brief time we have in which 
to gain this blissful eternity, and none 
should be wasted in rioting or evil. 

We may compare life to a school 
in which to learn the lessons that fit 
the soul for eternity. This life is only 
a transitory and introductory scene 



The Elon College Monthly 



S 



for us to prepare ourselves for the 
realities of the unknown future which 
awaits us all. Let us in the school of 
life direct our attention more closely 
in the future to those subjects which 
tend to prepare us for Heaven and 
Heaven's blessings. We may com- 
pare life to a journey in which we 
travel to a haven of everlasting peace 
and joy. Yes. we are either travel- 
ling this journey, or we are going 
down to eternal destruction as fast as 
the cycles of time roll around. 

Whatever of evil we may escape in 
life, whatever of good we may miss, 
one lot that cannot be escaped awaits 
all mankind. We must all yield to 
the march of death. We cannot bar 
the way for the conquering warrior 
who steadily advances tow^ards us, 
every day drawing us onward to the 
inevitable end. He may come in 
hours of deepest joy to the bridegroom 
at the altar, to the mother caressing 
her first-born, to the youth who has 
touched fame's golden circle. He 
may claim the philanthropist with his 
hands distributing merciful gifts: he 
may strike down the murderer beside 
his victim. No age will save us — no 
place will hide us, when death seeks 



us. Let us then so live that the grim 
monarch will be greeted as our truest 
friend, that he will but unbar for us 
the portals leading to a glorious im- 
mortalit}'. 

" Deatti's but a path that must be trod. 
If ever man would pass to God." 

It should be kept always in mind, 
not as a terror but as a wise kindness 
of our Heavenly Father, that we can- 
not know the day nor the hour when 
our brief career shall close and the 
gates of eternity be opened for us. 
We shall die and be forgotten here, 
but each word and act of our short 
sojourn will influence the future life 
for which we are preparing. How 
important it is, then, that we launch 
our ships aright before we sail across 
the boisterous ocean of life. 

Job says: "Man cometh forth like 
a flower and is cut down; he fleeth 
also as a shadow and continueth not." 
Let the brief lite, then, be passed in 
useful deeds and good influence, that 
we may live a little while as a beloved 
memory, and earn the Kingdom of 
Heaven for life everlasting. 

" ' Fis sweet to think, when struggling the goal of life to win 
That just beyond the shores of time the better years begin.'' 

W. H. Albright. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE. 



After a thorough examination of 
both sacred and profane history, it 
has been decided that this, the nine- 
teenth century, is by far the most 
enlightened era of man's existence. 
Nations at present enjoy a purer re- 
ligion and live under a better form of 
government than any nation that has 
ever preceded them. 

Now, when we come to think on 
this subject, we would naturally ask 
the cause of this high state of civiliza- 
tion and to what such advancement 
is due. Is it because so many great 
inventions have been made, and be- 
cause the mind of man is being de- 
veloped.? We would say that it is not 
wholly the outgrowth of these, for 
the ancient Greeks and Romans reach- 
ed the highest intellectual attain- 
ments — at least in some respects. 
Then why not call their era the great- 
est.-* Is it because great explorations 
have been made, and because the 
world is in one sense larger to-day 
than ever before.-* We would say no; 
for the world was e.xplored about four 
hundred years ago; then why notcall 
that era the greatest.? Because there 
is on record no startling change along 
this line to associate with that period. 
Then to what is such advancement 
due.? We ask, to what change in the 
customs of men shall we attribute 
this high state of civilization.? Let us 
turn for a moment to the history of 
the Greeks and Romans, and see if 



we can ascertain why their era was 
not the greatest. They had fine in- 
tellects; they produced fine artists, 
profound philosophers and grand ora- 
tors; but woman, that nobler and 
purer part of God's creation, they kept 
in seclusion; they allowed her no 
privileges, regarded her as a creature 
inferior to man in every respect, con- 
sidered her a disgrace to the family, 
and looked upon her as a slave; and 
surely no age can be called great in 
which the pure and holy is trodden 
under foot. 

Coming on down through the "Dark 
Ages," we see woman still in a meas- 
ure disregarded, but gradually grow- 
ing into importance; but even as late 
as three or four hundred years ago, 
we see her held by England as gov- 
ernment property and sold to Ameri- 
can colonizers for from lOO to 150 lbs. 
of tobacco. But the oppressions are 
the sad facts of the past; the present 
is far different — for to day woman is 
admitted into the high schools of 
learning on equal footing with man; 
she is allowed to plead law, practice 
medicine and preach the gospel, and 
is loved and honored by all. 

Now, since woman has never been 
allowed these privileges before, and 
since the age in which these are al- 
lowed is the greatest on record, we 
have a right to assume that our high 
attainments are due to woman's rights, 
and if this be true we have a right to 



The Elon College Monthly 



believe that, if she be allowed greater 
privileges, we will grow to be a greater 
nation. 

Woman was created a helpmate for 
man, and if she be so essential in home 
affairs, why not let her help us run 
the government? The Constitution of 
the United States declares that all 
persons over twenty-one years of age 
are citizens, and provides that all 
citizens have the right of suffrage; 
then how can any one deny this right 
to any law-abiding woman of this 
republic? She is amenable to the 
laws even as a man; her work has 
been to educate and uplift the rising 
generation, and yet she is not allowed 
to help make laws to protect that 
which she has so faithfully nurtured; 
while any ignorant negro who can 
neither read nor write, any foreigner 
who has taken out naturalization pa- 
pers, is allowed a voice in forming 
our laws, though he owns not one 
square inch of land in our country, 
and may not be able to speak even 
one word of our language. Surely, 
such as this is unjust, when there are 
numbers of unmarried ladies and 
widows in our midst who own proper- 
ty which is taxed to keep up the gov- 



ernment, and who have to abide by 
the laws of the State; still they must 
remain silent, while those who feel no 
interest in their welfare must have a 
voice in making laws to govern it 
What absurdity! 

This is an age in which brain and 
not brawn, should be the ruling pow- 
er; but we see that a sad mistake is 
being made when the ignorant "coon' 
is allowed to vote, while the educated 
ladies of our land must stand back 
with their eyes shut and see our coun- 
try misruled. Let us not drag longer 
in ignorance, but let us be aroused to 
a sense of our duty to the rising gen- 
eration, and let us purify corrupt poli- 
tics by allowing the fair ones of our 
land to help us reform the go\'ern- 
ment and make it fit for their fathers, 
brothers and husbands to live under. 

It has been said that woman should 
be allowed only one vote in a lifetime 
and that that vote should elect the 
candidate; but let us go further and 
say that if one such vote can make 
one man so very happy, in heaven's 
name, let her vote once a year and 
cause the nation to rejoice. 

J. H. Jones. 



i 



The Elon College Monthly. 



EDITORIAL 



WOMANLY WOMEN. 



When God took one of Adam's 
ribs and made a female she was called 
woman. But among this sex there 
seems to be a growing tendency to 
throw off the mantle of womanliness 
and put on that of manliness. As a 
proof of this it would be unnecessary 
to make mention of the girls who 
wear dudiue shirts, collars and ties, or 
of those who puff the cigarette, or of 
those ladies who wear bloomers, but 
the class to which special reference is 
made embraces those who plead so 
zealously for Woman's Rights, and 
all such as enter the various profes- 
sions that belong exclusively to men. 

One of the first propositions that 
the Woman's Rights advocates might 
set forth would be, that since there 
are more females than males, women 
must necessarily enter into many 
kinds of employments in order to be 
self-supporting. Surely there is plenty 
of work for the honest laborer ; there 
are numerous ways in which she may 
gain an adequate competency and 
still keep within the limits of woman- 
ly propriety. Indeed, she should be 
energetic and work with her might; 
most heartily do we think such her 
duty ; but would that she might never 
forget that she is a woman! If she 
enters all the occupations of men, 
and by so doing comes in contact 
with dissipation and all manner of 



degradation, do we for a moment 
think that she will still be a gentle 
and modest woman.-* To behold some 
Belva Lockwood makes many a lady 
blush for shame at the departure of 
her sex from its true sphere. 

" Let's teach ourselves thnt honorable stop, 
Not to out-sport discretion." 

Again, not forgetful of a peculiar 
tenderness toward old maids, yet 
most sincerely do we believe that a 
lady becomes a truer type of the 
' women perfected ' when she be- 
comes a gentle and loving wife and a 
tender and sympathizing mother than 
in any other situation on earth. The 
love that then fills her soul awakens 
within her the more subtle feelings 
and thoughts that tend to all that is 
grand and noble and sublime. Surely 
there will be no difificulty about the 
maids finding husbands if they will 
make themselves worthy of true ones. 
Not that all who remain single are 
not worthy; as a matter of course 
they stay single voluntarily. But we 
believe that if a lady is what God 
wishes her to be, He will, if she seeks 
divine guidance, provide her just such 
a companion as she needs. 

It is upon women that the future 
destiny of our land, to a great extent, 
. depends. Take woman from our midst 
and soon man would sink into barbar- 
ism. Her influence is in keeping with 
the end for which she was created. 



) 



The Elon College Monthly. 



"And the Lord God said, it is not good 
that the man should be alone; 1 will 
make him an help meet for him."' 
Woman in her perfection is mild, meek, 
loving, patient and inspiring; she is a 
combination of all that a man needs 
to make him happy. She soothes his 
aching head and heals his bleeding 
heart. "She will do him good and 
not evil all the days of her life." In 
order to attain this perfection she 
must be guided by laws that lead to 
such results. Yet, when she leaves 
her home and walks up to the ballot- 
box, or enters the law-office, she no 
longer fulfils her mission. She neg- 
lects her parents, she neglects her 
brothers and sisters, she neglects her 
husband, she neglects her children, 
in truth, she neglect? herself, her 
country and her God. She was "cre- 
ated for man." St. Paul was speaking 
of her when he said, " Teach the 
young women to be sober, to love 
their husbands, to love their children, 
to be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, 
good, obedient to their husbands.' 
It was she whom he admonished to 
adorn herself with "the ornament of 
a meek and quiet spirit which is in the 
sight of God of great price;" and " in 
modest apparel, with shamefacedness 
and sobriety." Again, it was she of 
whom he was speaking when he said, 
" Let the woman learn in silence with 
all subjection. But I suffer not a 
woman to teafch nor to usurp author- 
ity over the man, but to be in silence. 
For Adam was first formed, then 
Eve." 

When she, of whom Paul has thus 
spoken, pleads at the bar or casts the 



vote into the ballot bo.x, then has she 
fallen, then is she a failure. Accord- 
ing to the sacred Scriptures she is 
not accomplishing the end for which 
she was designed, and what other can 
she be than a complete failure.'' 

It is womanliness that men love and 
adore in ladies. This quality consists 
of many virtues; among them, amia- 
bility, discretion, modesty, s)'mpathy 
and motherliness, and when the fair 
creature is wanting in these, when 
she. instead of ruling the world by 
training the little ones, attempts to 
rule it by making herself as nearly as 
possible a man, then it is that she has 
lost her loveliness. For her the true 
gentleman has no admiration, no es- 
teem, no love, but only scorn, dis- 
dain and extreme intoleration. She 
no longer wields an influence for good 
over him; and were all women of this 
class, ere long man would rush into 
utter wretchedness. 

What more delightful service can a 
woman wish than to administer to the 
wants and comfort of loved ones and 
of all human creatures, in just the 
way that God intended her to do ? 
We pity, we deplore her who can find 
more joy in taking upon herself the 
work allotted to man than she can in 
being a true sister, an affectionate 
daughter, a devoted wife, a beloved 
mother. 

She is the noblest of girls who lives 
for her parents, her brothers and sis- 
ters, and exerts such an influence on 
those around her that they likewise 
partake of her goodness. She is the 
happiest of women who performs 
faithfully every duty of a devoted wife 



lO 



The Elon College Monthly. 



And the most blessed of women is 
that mother who beholds her daugh- 
ters as they become true women, and 
her sons as they become true men. 

" Oh the difference of man and woman! 
God made her, therefore let her pas3 for a 
woman." 

Irene Johnson. 



THE FARMER SHOULD BE 
EDUCATED. 



The condition of the farmer in 
Colonial times and even up to the 
war for Southern Independence was 
quite different from what it is now. 
Then the farm was cultivated for what 
it would produce for the pleasure and 
comfort of farm life. Now it is culti- 
vated for what it will produce in 
dollars and cents. 

In Colonial times the farmer was re- 
garded as second to no class, socially. 
To-day he is, and stands far down 
the scale in the social circle. This is 
due in a great measure to his inferior 
intellectual development. In all ages 
of the world the illiterate class has 
occupied a subordinate place in so- 
ciety, as well as in national and gen- 
eral religious affairs. 

In the earlier part of our history, 
the educational advantages of the 
country were not to be compared with 
those of the present. Consequently 
there were but few who were highly 
educated. The man who possessed 
common sense and the ability to rea- 
son was influential, both in private 
and in public affairs. This is not the 
case now. In the last three or four 



^v 



National Congresses there have not 
been farmers enough to constitute the 
agricultural committees. 

During the close of the eighteenth 
century and during the beginning o 
the nineteenth the farmer had many 
disadvantages, if we compare him 
with the farmer of the present. But 
we must remember that he possess- 
ed also many advantages over the 
farmer of the present in that he 
was of a higher and more influential 
class, comparatively speaking. In 
olden times, as we often hear it ex^ 
pressed, the grain from the farm made 
bread for the family and food for the 
horses, cattlis, and swine. The range 
for grazing cattle was good. So the 
family had milk, butter, and cheese 
for their use at a very small cost. The 
mast of the forest often was sufficient 
to fatten the hogs which made all the 
pork and bacon the family could use. 
In the garden were grown many veg- 
etables which took the place of gro- 
ceries that farmers now buy. A patch 
of cane was raised, of which syrup 
was made. From flax and cotton, 
both of which were raised on the farm, 
and from the wool which was cut from 
the sheep that fed on the range, the 
wife and daughters made the garments 
for the family. 

The products of the farm often paid 
the parson's fees, and the state and 
county taxes. The husband and his 
sons made the agricultural imple- 
ments of wood cut from the forest. 
Dry hides were tanned on shares, so 
the material for foot-wear cost no 
money. Many were the methods of 
those days to live without spending 



The Elon Cc)Llege ^I'^^thly. 



II 



so much money in buying the neces- 
saries of life, as the farmers of the 
present are accustamed to do. Then 
the farmer was independent and did 
not need an education to strengthen 
him in the social and political circles. 
Since that time there has been a 
greater degree of mental development 
in other circles than among the farm- 
ers. He has allowed others to think 
and act foe him until he has fallen 
into a state of almost irrecoverable 
subordination. Inventive genius has 
helped to place the farmer in the con- 
dition that he occupies to-day. We 
would notcensurethe inventor for this, 
but rather the farmer, for the manner 
in which he allowed the introduction 
of agricultural machinery upon the 
farm to choke out his interest in edu- 
cational and political questions. The 
introduction of agricultural machinery 
upon the farms of the United States has 
cost the farmers millions of dollars. 
Through their efforts, by the aid of 
machinery to become the financial 
rulers of the country, they have be- 
come the financial servants. City 
life, all the while, has been becoming 
more and more desirable, while the 
reverse is true of rural life. 

Because of the subordinate position 
of the farmer, our most talented and 
learned young men seek association 
and homes with the inhabitants of the 
cities and towns. This cannot pos- 
sibly have any other than a serious 
effect upon the civilization of the rural 
population. At one time in the his- 
tory of Italy, city life became so 
attractive that all of the refined and 
cultured inhabitants of the country 



migrated to the cities. This worked 
serious injury to the civilization of the 
remaining population of the country. 
The influence of the cultured jarmers 
was tnken away from the country and 
added to the already superior culture 
and refinement of the cities, making 
two distinctinct civilizations, one for 
city life and one for countrv life. 

The same interesting history was 
repeated in France .just before the 
Revolution, and doubtless was the 
principal cause of that event. In the 
United States that much to be de- 
plored part of history is being repeat- 
ed again. What benefit is the history 
of other nations to us if we do not 
profit by their errors.? The most pro- 
found political philosophers cannot 
possibly frame any law that will, in 
its execution, benefit the farmer, un- 
less there is a united effort on the part 
of the farmer. The first step in this 
effort is an education. The leaders 
are the enlightened, the servants are 
the illiterate. Enlightenment is the 
price of freedom, ignorance is the 
price of slavery. If the parents ^c^^ 
our country will not educate their 
children, compel them to educate 
them, or we shall continue to grow 
weaker and weaker until we shall go 
down beneath the vortex of our own 
illiteracy ar.d corruption. 

W. P. La\vrence. 



The Freshman of Former Days. 



Is it possible that gloom shall shade 
the lonely, but happy home around 
which beautiful flowers grow, where 
trees give shade as no where else. 



12 



The Elon College Monthly. 



where birds sing their melodious [ 
songs, and the yell of the old negro is , 
heard from sunrise to sunset? But the 
charming birds and the beautiful scen- 
ery will not console the old woman 
when her husband decides to send her 
son to college The atmosphere at 
once seems to be impure. The old lady 
commences to scratch her head as if 
some of the family were to be hanged. 
For two or three days the old hen 
and her little chickens remain in the 
coop unthought of, the cows low 
around unheard. The whole planta- 
tion is in a complete tumult; but the old 
man does not give any thought to the 
source of the old lady's grief. He 
knows what to do (or, at least, he thinks 
he knows). He may be harassed by 
grief, the heart may be throbbing 
within his breast; but like most men 
it is concealed from his wife, unknown 
to the world. So he says that his son 
must be ready to enter school when 
it opens. The old woman, rampant, 
goes to work to fix him up. Every- 
thing in the house is turned up-side- 
down, from the garret to the bottom 
floor. Old home-spun suits are 
thrown into the rag-bag, and six 
inches added to his best pants to 
cover the tops of his old brogans; 
striped shirts are packed away in the 
closet, and white ones made in their 
places. 

After continued toil the old man's 
son is made ready to step out, as it 
were, into another world. No period 
of his life will be so full of imaginary 
things and air castles as this one now 
upon him. Fully conscious of the 
fact that he will return home a 



Shakespeare, a Moore, or a Milton, 
he freely gives up the old barn-yard, 
lays aside his rambles through the oat 
fields, turns his dog over to the old 
man; and leaves his mother with tears 
running down her cheeks as if sorrow 
would darken the home forever. 

This act in the drama of his career 
being complete the old mule is 
brought out of the stable, his tail 
roached, ears trimmed out, and 
' hooked ' to the cart to take ' soney ' 
to the depot. Old Uncle Ben and 
son have their parting words going to 
the depot. He sits in the bottom of 
of the cart, back turned towards the 
mule and face to home, taking in the 
last view; while Uncle Ben hastens 
his way on, punching the donkey in 
the ribs and kicking him with his old 
boot, until finally they reach the sta- 
tion. Fresh goes into the depot and 
calls for license to Raleigh, or Rich- 
mond, or Norfolk. The agent, of 
course, knows what he wants, and 
passes the ticket to him. Uncle Ben 
approaches the door as the ticket is 
passed to the boy, and says, " Son, 
you know what master told you." 
" Ye-ye-yes. He told me to spend 
as little as I could." So he asks the 
agent if he will not take off some by 
paying money "cash down;' but no 
reply is given. 

The train soon approaches. Fresh 
steps on board, and entering the car 
he pulls off his hat and with the old 
plantation grin salutes the people 
with a bow, and drops himself on the 
cushion seat, only to rise again with 
increased rapidity upon finding it a 
little more " givy " than his old chair 



The Elon College Monthly 



13 



at home. The Sophomores, Juniors 
and Seniors, discover that he is a 
Fresh and gather around him like 
bees around a hive. He is told of the 
fun in snipe hunting, water-melon eat- 
ings and all other miraculous things 
too numerous to mention. Every 
time the train stops he goes to the 
door blundering over the seats and 
shines his eyes " like carbuncles." 
Going on in this terrible state, soon 
the old college building rises before 
him, and the excitement of getting off 
the train causes his trip to pass away 
like a dream. Everybody is rushing 
to find his room, while the * Fresh ' 
stands off with hands in his pocket up 
to his elbows, until some Professor 
goes up and accompanies him to his 
" shack." Now he has a very lonely 
time until eleven or twelve o'clock in 
the night when the blacking troop 
begins to blow the mystic horn. Soon 
the troop is heard coming up the 
stairs. Horns, fifes, flutes and tin 
pans are making the old college ring. 
The Fresh commences to pile chairs, 
bed-stead, and everything he can find, 
even the wash-bowl, against his door; 
but this does not prevent the adven- 
turous troop from its dark deeds. The 
door is thrown off its hinges, bed- 
stead turned over, and Fresh is found 
curled up in the corner with eyes 
shining like young moons, and grin- 
ning like a ' possum ' when a bull- 
dog is about to grab him. Lights are 
all e.xtinguished and the ' comedy ' is 
commenced, each actor performs his 
part unsurpassed The poor boy is 
blacked with Mason's best blacking, 
hung down in the well a while, and 



then carried back into his den. The 
remainder of the night he spends in 
trying to remove the traces of earlier 
experiences. Morning comes and he 
goe.". to his breakfast, without uttering 
a word to anyone. The da}' passes 
and he is not heard from. 

The next night the doors of the 
theatre are again opened at eleven 
o'clock. The actor is put on the 
stage to cut the ' Pigeon Wing,' ' Mo- 
bile Buck,' ' Ranktam. tanktam, going 
to the fair,' ' Chicken in the bread 
tray,' etc., and kept at this until one 
or two o'clock that night. Then he 
crawls into his "bunk" and rests 
quietly until day. 1 he sun rises over 
the horizon and appears brighter to 
him than it has since he left the old 
country home. Now the roughest 
period of the Freshman's life has 
passed, and he is becoming to be a 
popular fellow, at least he thinks so, 
when the boys walk around him and 
offer him ten cent cigars, cigarettes, 
&c. He is persuaded to join the so- 
cieties, and generally gives his name 
to be carried into all. Fresh wonders 
if he is the same boy that drove the 
cows around the old barn-yard, and 
tries to think if he ever wore home- 
spun pants over the tops of his shoes. 
No one can beat into his head with a 
ten pound weight that he is not a 
Burke, or a Washington Irving. 

So it was with the Freshman of former 
days, but for the last two or three 
years considerable changes have been 
made in most all colleges. At the 
present time the Freshman is received 
and accompanied to his room by a 
committee. He is given a hearty 



H 



The Elon College Monthly. 



welcoine, all extend to him a hand of 
warm friendship instead of meeting 
him with a blacking brush in hand to 
greet him with a rub. 

The time has passed when the 
Freshman has to be blacked on enter- 
ing college. It has fallen beneath the 
surface of gentle manliness, likely 
never to rise again. Time is too 
precious to be spent in such frivilous 
deeds as blacking and abusing the 
Freshman and leading him off into 
bad habits. 

"A pebble in the streamlet scant, 

Has turned the course bt many a river, 

A dew drop on the baby plant, 

Has watped the giant oak forever " 

One little kind word from a Soph- 
more, or a Junior, or a Senior may 
turn the course of a bad boy, when a 
Freshman. Turn the little rivulet be- 
fore it is swollen into a mighty river. 
To-day the school boy's career is a 
glorious one — one that is a pleasure 
to think of — one that is a joy to reflect 
upon when grown old from toil and 
care — one that will forever be thought 
of as a bright and promising season 
rather than as a dark and gloomy 
struggle. 

S. E. Everett. 



THE EVILS OF SLANG. 



A question of doubtful issue stares 
the literary world in the face to-day : 
What is to be the ultimate effect of the 
use of such an appalling amount of 
slang? Many of us are too much ac- 
customed to look upon this question 
with a kind of careless and indifferent 
regret. We are fully aware of the 



existence of such an evil; yet, we ex- 
cuse ourselves from attacking it, 
either on the grounds of its being of 
such minor importance that no serious 
results need be apprehended; or, be- 
cause we think that the custom has 
become so prevalent that we can 
never check it. It is a blind and 
thoughtless mistake if we allow our- 
selves to be reconciled to this nefa- 
rious habit, for either of these rea- 
sons, or for any other. There is 7iq 
excuse for it. But, the fact of its ex- 
istence cannot be denied. And as the 
question stands, the educators of our 
country, and all those interested in 
the strength and purity of our lan- 
guage, must meet it. It seems that 
the people of the United States are 
wedded to their slang phrases ; and 
what is especially to be regretted is 
the fact that almost every day adds 
some new word to the slang vocabu- 
lary; and almost every day finds a 
new victim to use them. If the habit 
were confined exclusively to the igno- 
rant classes there would not be so 
much reason for concern as to its final 
results; but the fact is very apparent 
tons, that nearly all slang expressions 
originate with those who have at least 
a moderate amount of education and 
intelligence; and it is from these that 
the less intelligent derive their hurt- 
ful supplies of low and meaningless 
expressions. Many intelligent men 
would be surprised if they knew the 
number of slang words that have 
crept, unconsciously perhaps, into 
their language of every day life; and 
it is in this fact that the supreme dan- 
ger lies. While a man is unconscious 



The Elon Collkge Monthly. 



'5 



of the corruption in his speech, the 
evil germs are expanding and ripen- 
ing into a dangerous force that cannot 
be overcome without the most deter- 
mined and continued effort. It is 
such an easy matter for us to fall into 
little errors, and such a hard matter 
to get out of them. It is so easy to 
use slang words, yet so hard to give 
them up. Men cling to them as 
treasures — but what costly treasures ! 

It has already been stated, that it is 
mainly from the comparatively' intel- 
ligent people that our slang terms 
originate. It is another strange fact, 
yet. none-the-less true, that among 
college students we find the greatest 
amount of slang used. When one boy 
hears a slang e.xpression he uses it in 
the presence of others, and within a 
very short time it has spread its dam- 
aging influence over the entire school. 
Other vocabularies become corrupted, 
other free and pleasing styles of ex- 
pression become labored and unat- 
tractive. In this way our influence 
may be felt by hundreds, and may be 
traced by the coarse words, the un- 
polished language, and the weakened 
thought of those who have shown 
themselves as careless as we have 
been. 

It is generally conceded that the 
use of slang originates either in a de- 
sire to appear witty, or from a lack of 
vocabulary sufficient to express our 
thoughts. To him who would be 
witty, the pure old English language 
holds out an untold wealth of words 
and combinations, capable of being 
moulded into wit that smacks of sense, 
rather than of non-sense. He whose 



■ vocabulary is not sufificient to ex]>iess 
his thoughts, will do the workl trr 
more good by keeping them forever 
to himself, than by expressing them 
in terms that will either wrench their 
meaning, or rob them of meaning al- 
together. That slang phrases cannot 
convey a definite idea is readil)- seen 
from the fact that they may be a[)- 
plied to any thought. For example, 
a young man will express his lo\ e and 
admiration for a young lady by the 
meaningless phrase, " She gets 
there;" a young lady will sum up her 
opinion of a young man in the same, 
" He gets there;" we express our ap- 
preciation of a speaker's talents, of a 
teacher's work, of a horse's speed, or 
of a negro's clog-dance by the same 
never-failing " He gets there." In 
short, we apply it to anything, and in 
any way we choose. In this way 
these slang words take the place of a 
pure and meaning vocabulary, and in 
a short time we have become so ac- 
customed to using them that it is only 
by a stammering effort, if at all, that 
we can recall the proper word. How 
many have had this unpleasant expe- 
rience, when they would be glad to 
appear to the best advantage! Did 
you ever think that your convenient, 
witty slang had robbed you of your 
ease, strength and beauty of expres- 
sion. -^ 

We are accustomed to look upon 
slang with too much leniency and too 
little concern; and it is only when we 
meet its evil influences face to face in 
actual experience that we recognize 
our mistake in using it. Many men 
have been robbed of a smooth and 



i6 



The Elon College Monthly. 



ready Tow of language by its alluring 
convenience; yet, many times these 
same men will attribute their poverty 
of expression to natural inaptitude, 
whereas it is nothing more than uat- 
7/rai laziness. Slang, furnishing, as it 
does an expression for every thought 
and for every phase of thought, 
causes us to adopt it for convenience, 
and to save ourselves a little mental 
trouble in securing the proper word to 
do us service. Thus it brings on 
mental carelessness, mental laziness, 
and finally mental stagnation. 

The habitual use of slang impairs 
the reasoning faculties, and results in 
a general zveakening of the intellect. 
This assertion will doubtless be de- 
nied by many; but only take the 
habitual user of slang as your proof 
Deprive the mechanic of his proper 
tools for a considerable length of 
time, and gradually he forgets how to 
use them with his accustomed skill; 
his hands and his fingers fail to act 
as they once acted, and a coarse, un- 
polished article is the result. Deprive 
a man of his proper words for a con- 
siderable length of time, and grad- 
ually he forgets how to use them with 
his usual readiness and accuracy; his 
mind fails to act as it once acted, and 
a coarse unpolished thought is the 
result. Our words are the tools of 
our minds, and if they are indefinite 
and meaningless, it naturally follows 
that our ideas must be likewise indef- 
inite and meaningless, for the whole 
cannot be greater than the sum of all 
its parts; and if we give expression to 
ideas at all, we find that they are but 
the coarse, rough, unpolished products 



of a coarse, rough and unpolished vo- 
cabulary. The mental man is sub- 
jected to natural laws, as well as the 
physical man. Every one is ready to 
admit that the reception and absorp- 
tion of impure elements into the 
physical system diseases and impairs 
the entire body. Is it not as reason- 
able to suppose that the reception and 
absorption of impure elements into 
the mental system diseases and im- 
pairs the entire mind.'' Only converse 
for a moment with the habitual user 
of slang and you have a sad, but un- 
mistakable proof of its poisoning in- 
fluence. You find him careless and 
reckless in his conversation; and 
when he reasons, if he reasons at all, 
it is generally in a hasty and reckless 
manner which, of course, wholly un- 
fits him for the finer intellectual dis- 
criminations. As the best houses are 
built by the most careful workmen, 
out of the best and most carefully se- 
sected materials, so the best thoughts 
are originated by the most careful 
thinkers, out of the best and most 
carefully selected words. 

We now, have a forcible and beau- 
tiful language, capable of expressing 
any thought or any phase of a 
thought. There is no reasoning so 
subtle, no wit so pungent, noemotion 
so deep, but that the pure old English 
language furnishes means of express- 
ing it with a clearness, force and 
beauty that never fails to make men 
thoughtful, gay or sad, according to 
the will of the writer or speaker. Can 
we afford to allow this language to 
absorb those evil germs that will 
eventually destroy its clearness, sap 



The Elon College Monthly. 



17 



its force, and rob its beauty, simply to 
satisfy a passing whim? This will 
inevitably be the case unless some 
steps are taken to check the ever-in- 
creasing amount of slang that comes 
into the language of conversation day 
by day. Let those who claim to form 
the intelligent part of the world dis- 



countenance the evil habit; and thus, 
deprived of a respectable recognition, 
slang words and phrases will gradu- 
ally disappear from the language and 
live only as relics of an idle and fool- 
ish tendency. 

E L M. 



THE DARKEST CLOUD HAS A SILVERY LINING. 



Jamie Weedon was the son of an 
humble peasant. In childhood he 
was a promising boy. His mother, 
who loved him as dearly as ever a 
mother loved her son, did everything 
in her power to train him in the way 
of truth and holiness. She fain would 
have educated him as well as his 
cousin Johnny Franklin was educated, 
but on account of poverty the only 
education she could give her dear 
boy was the words of advice from a 
christian mother's heart. 

Jamie's father was a dissipated 
wretch who, in his courtship and mar- 
riage to Miss Fannie Parham, proved 
himself a deceiver of the highest 
type. So badly was Miss Parham de- 
ceived in Mr. Weedon that nothing 
but grief and the deepest gloom set- 
tled upon her once hopeful and pleas- 
ant life. Soon after their marriage 
Mr. Weedon forfeited his last friend 
and counsellor for the bottle and its 
accompanying vices. Gamblers, des- 
pots and assassins became his asso- 
ciates. They would often go to his 
rude cabin and gamble and carouse 



all night long, only to increase the 
intense grief that was fast wasting 
Mrs. Weedon's* life. In the mean 
time Jamie had become quite old 
enough to observe the folly and wick- 
edness of his father's life and to feel a 
manly sympathy for his heart-broken 
mother as she often would press his 
delicate form to her bosom and try 
to express her deep sorrow to him 
and warn him against the course of 
his father. 

Time passes on and we find Jamie 
almost grown into manhood. His 
cousin Johnny Franklin has been fair- 
ly educated and is received into the 
highest circle of society. He has 
many advantages that Jamie covets. 
One day while comparing his life to 
Johnny's he resolved to run away 
from home and go to a good school 
that he had heard of So, on a bright 
August afternoon he stole away from 
his unpleasant home, not letting any 
one know of his departure. He had 
not a cent of money, and his clothes — 
one suit — were not respectable. When 
he had gotten a few miles from home 



The Elon College Monthly. 



he found himself in a strange land; 
then as never before a peculiar sensa- 
tion fastened upon his mind. He 
thought of his dear mother at home; 
the future was full of gloom and 
doubt. He was as an oaTless boat 
tossed upon the waters of a doubtful 
sea. As the sun went down behind 
the western hills and nightfall ap- 
proached, a dark chain of clouds be- 
gan to rise above the distant horizon. 
Jamie tried to get lodging for the 
night, but all in vain; there was none 
to pity or befriend. Having come 
into a dense forest he concluded to 
spend the night there. Hungry and 
sad he laid himself down by a large 
tree. The flashes of lightning which 
every few minutes broke the thick 
darkness, the mutterings of distant 
thunder, the moaning of the night 
wind among the trees, all contributed 
to make the uneasiness of Jamie more 
dreadful. 

The night passed on, the clouds 
approached, the lightning flashed and 
played across the heavens, the thun- 
der burst into terrific peals, and the 
rain fell in torrents as the howling 
wind swept through the forest with 
destructive fury. After the clouds 
passed over and the night was tran- 
quil, the moon came out and shed its 
rays most beautifully upon the billows 
of the dark, frightful cloud. While 
looking upon that beautiful picture, 
though drenched with rain, hungry 
and shivering with fear, Jamie asked 
himself this question: Will not the 
brightness of success reflect itself in 
the dark cloud that is overshadowing 
my life if I will only take courage and 



strive to succeed.? This thought gave 
consolation to the poor boy and rock- 
ed him into a sweet slumber. 

When morning came he soon found 
a gentleman who gave him some 
bread to eat, and after hearing his 
story employed him to work on the 
farm. After he had served his time 
with this gentleman he was given a 
recommendation to the principal of 
the school to which he started when 
he left home. Here, by persistent 
effort ahd untiring energy he suc- 
ceeded in obtaining a fair education. 
Through the virtuous qualities instill- 
ed into his young nature by his mother 
and the earnestness with which he 
pursued his studies, he won for him- 
self the friendship and admiration of 
his teachers and schoolmates. 

His father died soon after he left 
home and left his mother alone. 
Though poor and bowed down under 
grief, her friends administered to her 
needs until Jamie returned from school. 
Since that time he has been success- 
ful in business and has cared for his 
dear mother as kindly as a loving son 
could. By his kindness great conso- 
lation has come to his mother's heart, 
and the silvery lining of the dark 
cloud that once overshadowed her 
life, throws a light ol peace and glad- 
ness upon her pathway in the evening 
of life. 

Let both old and young remember 
that the "darkest cloud has a silvery 
lining.". Discharge of duty will bring 
its true reward; if not in this life, it 
will in the life beyond. 

Retlaw. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



19 



Y. M. C. A. NOTES. 



The interest in tlie Association, as 
the session begins, is indicative of 
the accomplishment of much good 
among the students and in the neigh- 
borhood. Nearly all of the Fresh- 
men have joined, and we are glad to 
state that the majority of them are 
active members. 

Both our business and religious 
meetings are held every Saturday 
evening. These meetings are well 
attended and are very interesting. 
They furnish food for our souls. May 
the interest increase until every yotmg 
man in college shall have joined. 
Fathers and mothers, we need your 
earnest prayers that through the Y. 
M. C. A. we may grow in grace and 
become strong in the truths that per- 
tain unto life eternal. Some young 
men who are beginning to lay foun- 
dations for life have not made Christ 
the rock of their foundations, but are 
building upon "the sinking sand." 
How sad is the mistake of their lives! 
Before this year shall have closed. 



may Christ be the corner-stone of 
their moral structures. 

The committee on general religious 
work has called the attention of the 
Association to the necessity of estab- 
lishing religious services at two points 
in the neighborhood. Young minis- 
ters will be sent to these points soon. 

The young ladies have organized a 
Young Ladies' Prayer Meeting which 
meets every Sunday afternoon. We 
are glad to know that they have acted 
so wisely in the organization of this 
prayer meeting. May it be to them 
what the Y. M. C. A. is to the young 
men. 

The Y. M. C. A. room in the college 
building has not been completed, 
consequently we have to occupy other 
quarters. We hope to have our room 
nicely fitted up and furnished before 
the beginning of another session. 

May God's blessing be upon the 
college associations and upon the Y. 
M. C. A. and its interests everywhere. 
W. P. Lawrence. 



20 



The Elon College Monthly. 



LOCALS. 



School. 

Preps. 

Fresh. 

Whole heap of 'em. 

Several handsome houses have been 
built during vacation. 

Homesickness is a thing of the 
past and the most of the students are 
doing good work. 

Wanted. — To know why Miss J. is 
so much interested in reading a book 
entitled, "Seeking a Husband." 

Dr. Long's handsome residence will 
soon be finished. A nice house, situ- 
ated in a beautiful place. 

Mr. L., eating dinner said: "Pass 
the chicken, Bill." Mr. G. replied: 
"We have no bills, but plenty of 
necks," 

The Wise Man.—M.Y. A., thinking 
it a hard rub to get through here next 
year says: " It is cheaper not to grad- 
uate. I will not have to pay five dol- 
lars for my diploma." 

A " Fresh " throws a ball into the 
well; thinking he has been at college 
long enough to master most anything, 
he undertakes to turn the well over 
and pour the ball out. 

Mr. P. ate seven ears of corn for 
dinner and called for two bundles of 
fodder to make out his dinner. The 
servant: "We have no fodder, but I 
will tie you out after dinner and let 
you graze." 



A young preacher smoking a cigar 
calls a boy: "Come here I want to 
show you what money will do." The 
boy: " I wish I had your photograph 
I would show you how to make 
money." 

A Freshman. — A Fresh, goes to the 
Secretary to pay his incidental and 
library fees and says: " I reckon I 
had better pay my Diploma fee while 
I am down here; it will save one 
more visit." 

Mr. E., wanting a subject for an es- 
say, asked some of the boys what to 
write on. Mr. M. said: "I would 
write on paper if I were in your place." 
R-a-t-s ! ! ! ! 

Mr. M. lost his hat the first day he 
was in school and got one in its place 
not so good as his. Mr. L. asked 
why he did not get a good one. Mr. 
M., " I could not find one to fit." 

E., the Conqueror. — A Professor 
asked Mr. E. to go and write a synop- 
sis of poss7im on tne board. Here is 
his work: "A sympathy for the word 
o'possum 
Pres. Indicative Pass. Indicative 
O'possum Go'possum 

Imperative, 
Im'possible." 

Rev. W., conversing with our Pres- 
ident, thinking he would have to 
throw out some of his "chokers," 
brought out his Logical term, ''Rhet- 
egormatic " for Categorematic. Dr. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



21 



Long was downed, and had to ask for 
an explanation. ■ The Doctor, of 
course, gave him the correct word, 
Categoj-ematic, but Mr. VV. would not 
accept it. He said that he had as 
much right to make a word as any 
other man. 

Senior and Junior speaking on the 
night of October 30th. The public 
are cordially invited. 

Rev. C. J. Jones, D. D., paid us a 
visit not long back. We appreciated 
his visit, and hope to have him again. 

The crayon drawings of Miss Bes- 
sie Moring took the first premium at 
our late county fair. 

Miss Mattie Neville, of Chapel 
Hill, who has been with us taking 
art, left October 9th, for Texas, to 
teach. 

Is there room enough in a piano 
box for two to be comfortably situ- 
ated.-* Those desiring information on 
such subjects may inquire of the Prof, 
of modern languages. 

We would be pleased to secure a 
copy of "The Elon Private," but as 
its name is "Private" and the editor is 
only known by his red head, we can- 
not hope to get a copy soon. 

Prof. Armstrong, of Trinity, will 
lecture here on English Friday night, 
October 28th. Come and listen to a 
lecture by one of the finest English 
teachers in the South. 

November 5th is a day longed for 
by the students, for on that day the 
college will suspend work and the 
school turn out in full to the Exposi- 
tion a t R - ' - •-^- ^ *•••- -^~'^-~V.^' , ^ \,\r. .' 



invitation to relatives and friends to 
meet and greet us there. 

Everything is moving on nicely at 
our college, except one of our Profes- 
sors, who is "somewhat on the lift." 
He broke up his hoofs very badly a 
few weeks ago running across the 
campus to get a "chat" with his best 
girl. Miss L., before she returned 
home. Prof was confined to his room 
for awhile, but we are glad to say that 
our Prof, is now able to enter his class 
room by the aid of a crutch and a 
cane. 

ALUMNI NOTES. 

Rev. N. G. Newman, valedictorian 
of class '91 , is now residing in Norfolk. 
He has the pastoral charge of Berea 
and Providence churches. He is a 
young man of rare moral and intel- 
lectual worth. We predict for him a 
life of great usefulness. 

'91. Rev. C. C. Peel is pastor of 
Burlington Christian Church. A visit 
from him a few weeks since was en- 
joyed. Come again. 

'91. Mr. Herbert Scholz is princi- 
pal of Chatham High School. By 
the way, rumor says he has recently 
grown passionately fond of music (.-') 
We think it a suitable time of life for 
him to love music, flowers, and the 
ladies. 

We are glad to say that Elon is 
justly proud of her first-born sons. 
Their presence is saclly missed; and 
here we would beg them not to forget 
us, but lend a helping hand >-" con- 
tributing an occasional^artif \:o the 



'^ 'Monthly 



>m"1ii||i ,,,. 



BROWN'S 



One Price House, 



&MMM^SM&M&» M, €, 



99 



Will be found as usual AT THE HEAD OF THE PROCESSION this season. 



OUR NEW FALL STOCK 



Is complete and we are ready for business. We call your special attention 
to our magnificent line of 



'f 



OTerc^ati # Pi 



OUR ELEGANT DISPLAY OF 



'«) 



LADIES' FINE DRESS GOODS, 

Dress. Trimmings, Cloaks, Jackets, Wraps and Furs. 

AND OUR COMPLETE STOCK OF 

Shoes. Hats, Carpets, Blankets and Staple Dry Goods. 

Prompt and careful attention given to mail orders. Our friends at Elon College and 
vicinity are cordially invited to come and see our New Goods when in the city. 

Respectfully, 

SAMPLE S. BFiO^W^N & CO., 

/y- .. . 

you graze." "^^reet, ^,^ for CaW^m^^^^' ^- ^- 




A customer who dropped a silver dollar on 
the floor remarked as it rolled away. 

"A dollar goes a long way in this store." 

IX IB BO! 

We carry the most complete sassortment of Dry Ooods and. 
rVotion§ in Guilford County. 

Everything bought at our store is guaranteed to be at the lowest market 
price, quality and style considered, or goods may be returned and money 
will be refunded. You need not pay too dear for anything when you 
deal by this system, 

C;^ Prompt attention given to Hlml Orders. 

RAYMOND & POWELL, 

National Bank Building, GREENSBORO, N. C. 



lai 



ORDER YOUR 



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And everything needed in the Jewelry Line from Headquarters. 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 

Our best Testimonial — Thousands of Satisfied Customers. 

SUTHEHlf • JEWELHT nOUSE, 

1028 Mnin S .',* . . . LYNC 



Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR 

NEW CLOTHING AND HATS. 

We have just received our Large Stock of Fall and Winter 

Clothing, Hats and Gents Furnishing Goods, 

AND WE HAVE EVERYTHING NEW 

LATEST STYLES OUT. 



We will sell only First-Class Goods and of the Best' Makes. SCHLOSS BRO.'S & CO. 
and STROUSS & BRO.'S FINE CLOTHING for Men, and PROGRESS and the GOLD 
MEDAL Suits for Boys. In HATS we sell the celebrated MELVILLE, JOHN B. STETSON 
& CO. and DUNLAPS in Soft and Stiff. In FURNISHING GOODS we have the largest 
and best line in the city. We want everybody to come and see us and look through our stock 
when in Greensboro. You can save money by buying of us, 

Very Respectfully, 

C. M. VANSTORY & CO., 

Leading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, GREENSBORO, N. C. 

HEADQUARTERS FOR FINE CLOTHING 

AT 

F. FISHBLATE'S. 

We have just received our Mammouth Pall and Winter Stock of Clothing, Hats and 
Furnishing Goods, and it includes everything in the way of Wear for Men, Youths, Boys and 
Children. We are Sole Agents in Greensboro for the following Popular, First-Class Houses: 
Strouss Bros. His:h Art Clothing for Men and Boys; Progress Superior Made Children's 
Knee Pant Suits; Goodman Bros. & Co.'s Extra Made Clay and Fancy Worsted Suits and 
Box Overcoats ; the Wot Id Renowned "Knox" Hats — best in the land; the Triest $3 oo 
Stiff Hats, best for the price made, and every hat guaranteed ; the celebrated Pearl Shirt Co. 
and the E. & L. Linen Collars and Cuffs. We invite all to give us a call and will treat you 
cordially and cheerfully show )ou through our mammouth establishment whether you wish 
to purchase or not. Yours very respectfully, 

F. FISHBLATE, 

Salesmen :— W. R. Rankin, J, W. Crawford, J. P. Fcott, D. S. Hoover, L. L. Howlett. 

' /y, ; "^mples for Custom Work for Fail and Winter now open for inspection, 

you graze." ^rom. ^^ j^^. Caiegu,,.... 



EIaON GOLKEOEi 



pr^ . y^!^.. 




1 



NEW COLLEGE. ^ 



High Standard. Thorough Instruction, 



@;@lltehitftil b.®@atk#. i®ttt S@;i@$. 



One of the Largest and Handsomest Sliool Bnildinf 
and one of the Best and Cheapest 
^ Colleges in the State. 



For Announcement, send to 



Rev. W. S. LONG, A. M., D. D., 

President, ElOx\ College, N. C. 



/U2< -f j 



VOL. I. 



DECEMBER, 1891. 



No 4. 



THE 



^109 QDlle^e /T^optl^ly. 



]?UBIjISHBD by the IxITEI^AI^Y SOGIBiPIBS, 



ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 



£:^ITO^IAL ST^TfJ^. 



Prof. E. L. MOFFITT, Alumni Editor. 



Philologian Society: 
W. P. LAWRENCE. 



Philologian Society, 
J. W. RAWLS. 



Clio Society: 
S E. EVERETT. 

SZrSlJVJSSS MAJVAGB^S. 



Clio Society- . 
vv. J. GRAHAM. 



Psiphelian Society: 
MISS IRENE JOHNSON. 



Psiphelian Society. 
MISS ANNIE GRAHAM. 



-».fx^| CONTENTS. 4»^- 

The Capitalist and his Limits. C. C. PEEL 47 

Woman's Elevation Essential to National Prosperity. ALBERTA MORING 51 

College Athletics. B. F. Long, Jr 53 

The Cultivated Intellect a Source of Pleasure and Profit. Annie Graham 54 

The Power of the Will. Dan 56 

The Advantages of Studying English. Ella Johnson 58 

Virgil. Ed. Everett 60 

Editorials — Memory Work in the Class- Room. M 62 

A Plea Against Modern Examinations. 8. E. Everett 63 

Importance of the Readidg Room. W. C. WiCKER 64 

Editor's Study 66 

Y. M. C. A. Notes. W. C. Wicker 68 

Exchange Department 69 

Locals 74 



THE 



ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY 



Vol. I. 



DECEMBER, 1891. 



No. 4. 



MANAGERS' NOTICE —Correspondents will please send 
all matter intended for publication to S. E. Evekett, 
Elon College, N. C. 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION— One dollar per scholastic 
issue, cash in advance. 

Remittances should be made payable to " Business Mana- 
gers of The Elon College Monthly." 



TERMS OF ADVERTISING. 

One Page, one insertion , £■ 3 50 

One Page, ten months 30.00 

One-half Page, one in.sertion 2.50 

One-half Page, ten months .. 22. od 

One-third Page, one insert on 1.50 

One-third Page, ten months 14 00 

All business communications should he f rwarded to 

BUSINESS MANAGERS, 
Elon College, N. C. 



THE CAPITALIST AND HIS LIMITS. 



Under habits of industry, economy, ' 
and frugality, wealth must increase 
more rapidly than where idleness, 
luxury and prodigality abound. No 
one will deny the exclusive right of 
every one to acquire, appropriate, or 
hold in fee simple, property resulting 
from honest toil; provided in the ex- j 
ercise of such right he does not in- I 
fringe upon the liberties of others. I 
The unequal capacities of men, en- 
abling some to acquire wealth more 
rapidly than others, should be of prac- 
tical benefit to our present system of 
industrial pursuits. Without capital 
in larger amounts than some have 
shown ability to acquire and capacity 
to govern, many industrial pursuits 
must be neglected and the wheel of 
progress must forever stand still. 

The advantages of such industrial 
pursuits to society are too plainly evi- 



dent to need more than a casual 
mention. With them the laborer finds 
employment, the wants of society are 
supplied, and wealth becomes the 
natural reward of productive industry. 
So long as there is a harmonious 
union of labor and capital, each earn- 
ing and receiving its proportionate 
amount of the profits, the state of 
equilibrium is undisturbed, and pros- 
perity, bespeaking the dawn of a 
brighter era, attends the actions of 
men. Under such a system the peo- 
ple soon begin to march with quick- 
ened step to the music of progress; 
the whir of the spindle, the buzz of 
the saw, the roar of the furnace and 
the throb of the locomotive. 

But as soon as wealth begins to 
multiply in the hands of the capitalist, 
he begins to oppress the laborer and 
to control the market, and so turns all 



48 



The Elon College Monthly. 



the profits into his own coffers. 
Wages ever on the decline, become so 
meager that they scarcely enable the 
laborer to eke out a wretched exist- 
ence. Such a system must make the 
poor poor indeed, and the rich infi- 
nitely richer. 

On contemplating these facts we 
see how millionaires, a term formerly 
dreamed of only by those whose chief 
desire for existence was to see wealth 
increase in their hands, hav^e mul- 
tiplied to an alarming extent. 
To-day one-half the wealth of our 
nat'on is said to be in the hands of 
forty-thousand families, while seventy 
estates are estimated at an average 
of twenty millions of dollars ($20,000- 
000). Some have reached two hun- 
dred million and now the billionaire 
is expected. 

As forty years ago the evolution of 
such enormous fortunes was an in- 
conceivable American possibility, we 
are now led to ask how far this con- 
centration of wealth will go. 

Will the billionaire ever come.'' 
Without a change in our present fi- 
nancial and social systems, the bil- 
lionaire is certainly coming, and at a 
rapid rate. With such interest to 
represent, the best services can be 
secured, and the most trustworthy 
agents can be employed at home and 
abroad, while the most remunerative 
industries move at the mere will of the 
capitalists. The period of the lowest 
rates of interest in the United States 
has been the period of the most rapid 
accumulation of large estates. By 
the dawn of the fifth decade of the 



coming century, with our existing 
customs, we may expect to see the 
billionaire's advent. 

What will be the effect of this ad- 
vent upon our social order.? Lurid pic- 
tures of tyranacal cruelty and relent- 
less despotism have been present- 
ed for the consideration of think- 
ing minds. The power of capital has 
already exerted an influence over the 
ballot-box. The agents of the capi- 
talists have long ago made the lobby 
rooms of our legislature their favorite 
resort. Universal experience tells us 
that the masses breathe out a spirit of 
discontent as wealth becomes more 
concentrated. The increase of gam- 
bling in New York, Chicago, and 
other large cities already clamors 
loudly and bespeaks the ruinous ef- 
fects wrought upon society by such ac- 
cumulations of wealth. Such accum- 
ulations by no means increase the 
wealth of the nation, but concentrate 
what already exists. The few are en- 
riched at the expense of the many. 

The one great question formerly 
was, "What shall we do without cap- 
ital.''" The one great question to-day 
is, "What shall we do with our capi- 
talists.-'" We now have this monster 
upon our hands and the tenth decade 
of the nineteenth century promises to 
add much to his already ponderous 
weight. In the train of the million- 
aire are a multitude of paupers whose 
bodies are without comforts and 
whose intellects are without culture. 
In the train of one whose wealth has 
been enormously increased we may 
reasonably expect a much larger 



The EloiN^ College Monthly. 



49 



number. The Law of Primogeniture 
and the Feudal system have passed 
away, but the evils of those days will 
be surpassed when the bulk of the 
wealth of the nation becomes center- 
ed in a ver)' few. Both political par- 
ties are to-day pledged to the support 
of capital. The Republican party has 
pledged itself to an uncompromising 
adherence to a system of ta.xation of 
the poor for the benefit of the rich. 
The Democratic party, venturing on 
a long existing custom, accepts the 
same terms. 

It has been said by many that the 
rich will not busy themselves about 
politics. The facts declare that the 
case is otherwise. The election of a 
president is centered in New York. 
Both political parties in New York 
are under the influence of capitalists. 
Chauncy M. Depew, the great railroad 
magnate, is the central figure in the 
Republican party. No gathering is 
complete without his august presence. 
He has but to dictate and his bidding 
is done. Governor David B. Hill, the 
champion of the free coinage of silver, 
rules Tammany Hall; Tammany Hall 
rules the Democratic party; the dem- 
ocratic party rules the whisky traffic, 
whose money coffers influence every 
election. Money, not brain; capital, 
not honesty; wealth, not statesman- 
ship, is made the controling element 
in this political machine ol ours. 
Three years ago the Vice Presidency 
of the United States was purchased 
by a New York banker, at the same 
time the Post-Master Generalship was 
sold for four hundred thousand dol- 



lars ($400,000) to a Philadelphia dry- 
goods merchant; while only a few 
weeks since, a gold miner of Califor- 
nia purchased a United States Sen- 
atorship with his bag of gold. In the 
name of God and oppressed humanity, 
I ask to what extremes will we allow 
the filthy lucre to lead us.' Should 
such continue, the overthrow of the 
American government, now existing 
more in name than in rea.Uty, becomes 
inevitable. 

But a tide from the opposite direc- 
tion promises relief to the oppressed. 
The miseries of the down-trodden have 
raised a cry never to die unheard. 
Bounds have long been fixed, beyond 
which capital cannot go. The la- 
borer must have a sufficient income 
with which to sustain life, or life will 
cease to exist. Wealth must cease 
to increase when life is taken from the 
many for the benefit of those allured 
by the seductive influence of gain. 
The system of indirect taxation, bur- 
dening the poor for the sake of the 
rich, has long prevailed. Under such 
a system a man is taxed on what he 
spends, not on what he owns. The 
poor are taxed to enhance the pro- 
ducts of the rich. The one great plea 
is that the rich will provide for the 
poor. But no system of legislation 
can be justified that witholds from the 
laborer his just earnings in order to 
make him an object of charity. That 
benevolence must be faulty which 
replenishes the larder of a man in his 
dying hour with what he should have 
enjoyed in health. 

The demand now is that taxation 



so 



The Elon College Monthly. 



shall be as the protection granted. 
The Republican party has labored 
hard and long to prevent a moderate 
tariff. Tea and coffee were first made 
free. Sugar has been added to the 
free list, and the demand now is that 
it shall hereafter remain so. A de- 
ficit of fifty millions of dollars must 
be supplied from other . sources. All 
this tends only to lead a dissatisfied 
public to yearn for a full system of 
free trade. 

Justice will sanction this demand, 
and espouse the cause of the op- 
pressed. In every age of the world 
oppression, when on the extreme, 
has been the means of defeating its 
own ends. The haughtiness of Caesar 
placed a dagger in the hands of 
Brutus; the villiany of Charles the 
First called Cromwell into the field; 
the tyrrany of George the Third drove 
the American colonies to arms and 
absolved them forever from the do- 
minion of Great Britain; and the 
weight with which indirect taxation 
has oppressed the poor and the needy 
will bring immediate relief to its sad 
victims. In the reaction now begin- 
ning, but which will be all the more 
sweeping the longer it is delayed, all 
taxes imposed upon the poor for the 
benefit of the rich will be swept from 
the arena of existence. 

The days of tariff will soon be 
numbered, and leave a choice between 
an income tax and something less 
open to fraud, less objectionable to 
the good. This form of raising a rev- 
enue, as objectionable as it is to the 
manufacturer and the mine owner, is 



one of the demands of the Farmer's 
Alliance; and, no doubt, will be the 
resort of Congress for meeting the ex- 
penses of carrying on the affairs of 
the government. A multiplied num- 
ber of circumstances will make such 
a system more grievous. E.xemption 
from former burdens of taxation and 
absolute gains therefrom, will again 
be sought, but in vain. The activity 
in securing a large pension list will 
reward its devotees with the exalted 
privilege of contributing thereto. 
The former burden bearers will be 
comparatively free. Thus the few 
will groan under the burden they 
have been active in creating. Heri- 
tage will call a division, and legal 
claims will hold in check vast for- 
tunes. The voice of the clamoring 
public will be heard, and relief will 
surely be given. Advancing civili- 
zation must correct former evils and 
supplant them with principles of jus- 
tice. No one will either demand or 
desire an equal distribution of wealth; 
but the oppressed must be relieved, 
and the oppressor must be restrained. 
Then will peace take the place of 
turmoil; harmony, the place of dis- 
cord; order, the place of confusion. 
Then will prosperity, happiness and 
good reign, instead offends, dissatis- 
faction, and illmanaged government. 
Then will capital become the servant 
of the people and contribute where- 
ever its results are applied. The bil- 
lionaire cannot come, but will find an 
impassable gulf between himself and 
his eagerly sought wealth. 

C. C. Peel. 



The Elon College Monthly 



51 



Woman's Elevation Essential to National Prosperity. 



As the normal sphere of everything 
in this world is that which it is compe- 
tent to fill, and would fill if there were 
no serious liinderences, it seems that 
worn a n's sphere would be self ev- 
ident. But, alas ! there are many hin- 
derances to the full mental, moral, 
and spiritual development of women ; 
not to such an extent in our own fair 
land, where woman is loved and re- 
spected, as in benighted heathen coun- 
tries, where she is a mere drudge, and 
is subjected toa debasement far worse 
than that of African slavery. 

The contrast between the scraggy, 
stunted growth ofour most barren hill- 
sides, and the gigantic trees that have 
towered toward the sunny skies of 
California and Australia, forceuturies, 
illustrate the parallel contrast between 
woman, the hopeless, ignorant slave 
of barbarians, and woman, the queen 
regent of a society that knows and 
appreciates her true value. 

Much more than half of the surface 
of the globe to-day illustrates the 
blighting effect of a degraded woman- 
hood. Take as an example the vast 
Chinese Empire. As in their prime- 
val barbarism, the Chinese still look 
upon woman as a slave, who was cre- 
ated to minister to their very wants, 
and who is with horrible frequency 
the victem of infanticide. 

F'ather Goette, recently arrived from 
China, reports that at one Missionary 
station in North China there are i,- 



500 female children, rescued from 
death in the cemeteries, where they 
had been left to die, by their fathers. 

Poor in the midst of nature's almost 
unlimited wealth of soil and mines — 
stagnating centuries behind the prog- 
ress of civilized nations; ignorant and 
incompetent, but too ignorant to be 
owner of its inferiority— comparative- 
ly feeble in its military power; shunn- 
ed by other nations which bar out its 
teeming thousands stamped with per- 
sonal inferiority, and a strange monot- 
ony of appearance as a worn out race, 
China has realized the inevitable result 
of its national treatment of woman. 

Man and woman are eternally bound 
together, though differing in body, in 
brain, and in soul, and however low 
woman is borne down byfalse institu- 
tions, the entire nation is borne down 
with her; and however high her ca- 
reer it is emphasized in the glory of 
the nation. 

The nation that ignores the eleva- 
tion of its women, and trample on their 
social and moral rights goes down 
with them into the valley of ignorance 
and humiliation, sinking in social dis- 
order, poverty and crime, until some 
stranger nation becomes its master, or 
redeems it by contagious influence of 
example. 

In our own and all other christian 
lands woman is loved and honored, 
free and happy, and we find succeed- 
ing generations growing physical Iy,in- 



5^ 



The Elon College Monthly. 



telligently and morally better, while 
in heathen countries where the law of 
brutal selfishness reigns supreme, she 
is abject and suffering, ignorant and 
depraved, and her demoralized, de- 
generate, descendents sink deeper in- 
to poverty and vice. Cruel, unjust 
treatment of woman is a crime not 
pardoned by the laws of nature; and 
the nation which is guilty of such, may 
expect to "reap" a just recompense of 
reward. 

Had one-half of the wealth and la- 
bor expended on the immense Chinese 
wall, been appropriated to the culture 
and elevation of its women, no wall 
would be necessary to keep the terri- 
tory of the superior race which would 
have existed to-day. 

It is not extravagant to believe that 
when the voice of fully developed wo- 
man is heard throughout the world, 
neither walls, war forts, nor steel-clad 
navies will be required; for nations, 
controlled by woman's beneficent in- 
fluence, will no longer be hostile; and 
the ten millions of men now under 
training in our armies and navies will 
be dismissed to peaceful industry. 

But we do not wish to be misun- 
derstood as being in favor of "wo- 
man's rights" in the general accept- 
ance of the term; for all true, noble 
women shun, or would shun, the glad- 
iatorial-like combat in the political 
arena; and woman's influence is more 
effective coming from sources other 
than the ballot-box; though "the pow- 
er behind the throne" which controls 
the destiny of nations is the influence 
of mother, wife, daughter, upon father, 
husband, son. 



Christianity alone offers a prospect 
of redemption to woman and humanity. 

The law of love to God and man 
demands the perfecting of woman, 
which is the elevation of society to-day 
and posterity in the future. 

There are millions ofhuman beings 
who know nothing of God or His 
wonderful love, and who are not re- 
sponsible for their failure to serve 
Him. But we all should be forcibly 
impressed with the thought that we 
have the responsibility, and the pow- 
er of spreading the Gospel. We are 
to "go into all the world and preach 
the Gospel to every living creature,' 
and if we do not feel called to forsake 
our homes and friends to go ourselves, 
we should give liberally of our means 
to send others to carry the "Bread of 
Life" to poor dying humanity. 

As woman is the greater sufferer in 
heathen lands, woman in our own land 
of blessed freedom and enlightenment 
should have her sympathies fully a- 
roused, and should be especially inter- 
ested in sending missionaries to for- 
eign fields to alleviate the suffering of 
ourtellow-creatures; and to point them 
to "the Lambof God that taketh away 
the sins of the world." And we would 
not only have our women interested 
in this grand cause, but cannot the en- 
tire moral power of the world be en- 
listed for the redemption of miserable, 
enslaved women in all lands.'' And 
may we not send missionaries to all 
nations to rouse their moral senses, 
and incite their women to think, and 
to demand emancipation.'' 

Alberta Moring. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



53 



COLLEGE ATHLETICS. 



As there has not yet been anything 
said to our students concerning ath- 
letics, one of the most necessary 
things in student life, perhaps a few 
words about it may not be out of 
place. 

Too many of our students fail to 
take the proper exercise, and in fact 
all here at Elon, I am sorry to say, 
neglect it. It is time that some one 
should try to arouse a spirit within 
them, for without exercise their bodies 
must necessarily be weak and unde- 
veloped. 

We notice that athletics does not 
receive attention as extensively in 
the South as in the North. This 
should not be so. We Southern boys 
need exercise as Well as the Northern 
boys. We need that "go ahead" 
spirit about us that some do not have 
in their exercise. You come into 
College and go to each boy's room 
and ask him to come out and play 
base ball with you and what is his 
answer.' "I will hurt my fingers, or 
bruise my hands," (poor things, just 
turned loose of the plane handle 
about a month!) or he will get sun- 
burnt, or such frivolous or nonsensi- 
cal excuses as these. 

You take the man who never takes 
any part in athletics, and takes no 
exercise, and generally he is the man 
who lounges around, bores and "dead- 
beats" other boys. He is the man 
who takes his seat upon an old goods 



box and lazily puffs his cigarette, or 
fools his time away with little things 
that do him no good at all — a hundred 
times worse than any athletic game. 

If those who fail in health would 
only take plenty of exercise in con- 
nection with their work they would 
never be brought to such physical 
wrecks. Now, some may say that it 
will take up too much time from their 
studies. Not so. If every one would 
spend an hour each evening in good 
exercise he would feel much better 
and could study with much more ease; 
and there is no one who could not 
easily spare an hour every day. 

I am sorry to say that the boys at 
Elon are not taking any exercise 
scarcely at all. 

If I must say it, they are lazy in that 
respect; you can't get them out to 
play any game whatever. Now there 
are a few who would come out if the 
others would only join them. 

If the students would but think how 
important it is for them to take exer- 
cise, they would, if they care anything 
for their health, no doubt do better. 

And now I appeal to the boys at 
Elon to try to see if we cannot do 
better in the future in this respect. 
The Faculty has kindly given us a 
ground and we can, by some work, 
make it one of the most beautiful in 
the State; and why not go to work 
and show our appreciation by putting 
it in a condition for use.' 



54 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Why can't we have a foot ball team? 
We have as good material as any 
other college in the State-r-good 
active men, and a big center-rush. 

Now fellow-students let's get to 
work. Only compare him who takes 
plenty of exercise with him who takes 
none, and it is clearly seen that the 
one is healthy, strong, manly-looking, 
fresh and ready for hard work when 
night comes. The other is a pale, 
sallow-faced, sleepy-looking fellow 
who is always complaining and who 
finally becomes a physical wreck. 

Some parents say they are afraid 
for their boys to play at any athletic 
games for fear they will get hurt. 
Get hurt, indeed ! Even granting 
that .they might bruise their fingers 
or scratch their faces a little, what is 
this to be compared with a sallow- 
faced, sickly, dyspeptic, lazy son.'' 
Parents, stop and consider, lest in 
trying to make "hot-house plants" of 
your dear sons, a November frost, or 
a December North-wester, take the 
tender little things unawares and "nip 
them in the bud." 

You often hear the question asked, 
"Why does that young man look so 
bad.''" You hear various answers, of 
course. Some say too much hard 



work, while the real reason is not 
enough of exercise. Of course there 
is such a thing as too much hard 
work, but if we will only take the 
proper exercise it will require a good 
deal of work to be too much. 

How much better do we feel after 
an hour's exercise every day! Of 
course some don't know for they 
never take any. 

The time is coming when, if the 
students do not take more care of 
their health than they have in the 
past the Faculty will have to take the 
matter in hand, for everyone knows 
that life without health is a failure, 
and a miserable one too. 

There is a pressing need now of a 
well equipped gymnasium at Elon. 
It would not cost a great deal and it 
would surely be a most benefitting 
thing to the students. Our health 
would be better, and we would be 
more capable of doing the work that 
lies before us. Let some friends of 
the institution who want to do some- 
thing that will be of untold benefit to 
hundreds of boys and girls that will 
come here, equip a good gymnasium, 
and thus add a most important fea- 
ture to our college life. 

B. F. Long, Jr. 



The Cultivated Intellect a Source of Pleasure and Profit. 



Happy is the man who, while he 
lives in the world without, lives also 
a better, purer and nobler iife within; 
who has in his own bosom the invis- 



ible power which both sustains life 
and raises him above its unhappiness 
and injury. Happy is he who can at 
any moment, turn aside from the 



The Elon Coli,ege Monthly. 



55 



clamor and tumult of life to calm re- 
treat and refreshing solitude; who can 
look upon and understand and yet not 
be affected by its gross employments, 
its petty cares, its sordid avarice and 
its vulgar pleasures. Thence, as from 
a citadel of strength invulnerable, he 
looks out upon the poor struggler be- 
low, not with complacent pride, but 
with the calm composure of freedom, 
the pure and blessed serenitj^ of a 
mind at ease, unmoved and immova- 
ble. 'Tis here that we can smile at 
the world's frowns, defy its enmity, 
defeat its malice, and ever rise above 
the infirmities of nature, and exult in 
that in us which decays not. 

The age of power and force is pass- 
ing away; the race is no longer to the 
swift, nor the battle to the strong. Let 
the intellect of the people, by which 
alone they can be effectually con- 
trolled, be correctl}' cultivated, and 
our fair land will no longer be con- 
vulsed by those scenes of turbulence 
and violence which threaten disgrace, 
if not destruction, to our institutions. 
Wherever the cause of literature and 
education is involved, may we be 
found their firm friends, their steady 
and unyielding advocates; and in do- 
ing so, we will do much to advance 
the cause of virtuous freedom, and to 
benefit our own country. 

Among the many appellations by 
which this era has been characterized, 
it has been called the " age of educa- 
tion " and among the various improve- 
ments and advantages of this enlight- 
ened age, the healthful influences of 
education, united with a sound moral- 
ity, are spread over our land and ex- 



tended to all classes and orders of 
men. This is a greater triumph than 
the overwhelming victories of the 
sword. It is more beneficial, more 
lasting, more cheering to the good 
and patriotic of all countries. It 
brings no desolation to the home, or 
destruction to the lives, of our people. 
It does not sow the seed of discord 
and strife over the face of society, but 
blends together the interests of whole 
communities, and renders them mod- 
els of order, harmony and fraternal 
love. 

The idea that the government owes 
everyone an education is fast gaining 
ground and rooting itself in the affec- 
tions of our people. Nor is our sys- 
tem confined to the mere abstract 
and theoretical branches of learning. 
These are not wholly disregarded, but 
are so blended and united with the 
practical and useful as to make a na- 
tion of intelligent, industrious and 
thinking freemen. 

The cultivated intellect, such as 
America ought to produce, purifies 
our national taste, elevates the senti- 
ments of the people, and brightens 
the golden links that bind the patriot 
to the land of his birth. It exalts the 
reputation of our country abroad and 
with posterity, more than the most 
heroic achievements of the crimsoned 
field. 

The Greek and Roman classics 
have been studied and admired in 
every age and in every land where 
mankind has been able to appreciate 
the grand and beautiful in composi- 
tion. To suppose a time in the his- 
tory of the world when these unfin- 



56 



The Elon College Monthly. 



ished models of taste shall be 
forgotten, would be to anticipate the 
arrival of a period compared with 
which the sombre gloom of the dark 
ages would be a golden flood of light. 
What a noble instance of the 
mind's triumph have we in Milton! 
With what admiration, amounting to 
reverence, do we behold the poor old 
blind man as " broken by the storms 
of State " and driven from the world, 
he paid the debt he promised to pos- 
terity! 



Let the intellect of our people be 
cultivated, and you will find that our 
land will not only become more pure 
and enlightened under such an influ- 
ence; but the power of this influence 
will be felt long after the hands are 
calmly disposed for that mysterious 
and silent rest. Love shall come with 
tears, and shall lay her beautiful gar- 
lands upon such graves; and the 
world shall be better that its inhabi- 
tants have lived. 

Annie Graham. 



THE POWER OF THE WILL 



The old adage which says : "'Where 
there is a will there is a way" express- 
es perhaps only a partial truth ; yet it 
enumerates the principle which has 
characterized the men who have 
created epochs and made history. 

The failures in life are mostly trace- 
able to a lack of the necessary will 
power for success ; and the brightest 
lights that illuminate the pages of past 
biography are the results of an indom- 
itable will. 

In the great conflict of life where 
mind is brought in contact with mind, 
and muscle with muscle, in working 
out the destiny of human affairs, the 
will is the directing power, and sus- 
tains the same relation to the lower 
forces of intellect and muscle that the 
commander in chief sustains to the in- 
ferior officers and common soldiers 
upon the gory battle-field. 

It is this will-power which has built 



the thrones of Kings, guided the star 
of empires, and out of theheart evolv- 
ed those principles of liberty and 
equality upon which have been rear- 
ed great and grand republics. The 
history of man is but the record of re- 
sult ; and as we retrospect the past, 
and pick out here and there the he- 
roes who have figured upon its pages, 
they are found to be the men whose 
motto was 'Twill," without the addi- 
tion of the weakening, energy des- 
troying phrase, "If I can " In time 
of national peril when the future of 
our government seems threatened by 
internal corruption or external force 
and dominion, these men have ever 
come forward and won for themselves 
a place on history's pages; and what is 
far more, have enshrined their names 
and memories in the hearts of their 
countrymen. 

What American heart can ever be- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



S7 



come so dead to all the noble senti- 
ment implanted, by divine wisdom, in 
the human breast, that it shall cease 
to be thrilled when the memory re- 
calls, and the imagination hears, the 
notes of American freedom ring out 
from Independence Hall in the solemn 
stillness of that twilight hour, July 
4th, 1776. 

It was but the culmination of the 
will-power which had been gathering 
force by the slow accretion of many 
years which now burst forth witii vol- 
canic power, every man declaring "1 
will be free." And armed with this 
invincible weapon, the people of the 
revolution waded through the battle- 
fields of carnage and death for four 
long and bloody years, contending 
under many disadvantages with the 
most powerful nation on the globe ; 
and yet, triumphing over English 
prowess and English oppression. She 
maintained her cause with heroic for- 
titude and reached the goal ofher de- 
termination. 

This one mighty effort of will-pow- 
er, using whate\'er means could be 
secured for the accomplishment ol its 
purposes, changed the current of his- 
tory and gave birth to this great re- 
public. 

But even as great as have been the 
results, and as gratefully as the heart 
responds to their pleasant tnemoires, 
it is not perhaps the most notable tri- 
umph of the human will. From the 
1 2th to the i6th century Roman Cath- 
olicism held undisputed sway over the 
religious world. One by one the Pope 
had grasped every human power, both 
civil and ecclesiastical. According to 



his absolute dictation, kings reigned 
' and were deposed, and by his decree 
I subjects were absolved from their al- 
j legiance to the temporal rulers. With a 
I despotism that far outstripped all oth- 
er despotisms, he held the destiny of 
men in his hands and consigned the 
dead to ruin or to happiness. But 
while this cloud of papal despotism 
hung like a pall over Europe there 
was growing up in the poor miner's 
hut at Eilshen a \oung man of heroic 
mould whose will was destined to 
shake Popedom to its foundations and 
rob it of its strength. Thus Luther, 
though at first doubtful and hesitating 
himself, sounded the clarion notes of 
religious freedom, whose reverberating 
tones echoed from heart to heart and 
from city to city, till Europe, convuls- 
ed by the power of his conviction, 
was compelled to discourse with his 
words and think with his thoughts. 
And though he strenuously affirmed 
the impoteiicy of the human will as a 
tenet to religious faith, he was a liv- 
ing example of his mighty power to 
heap up the crystals of society and to 
remould them into other forms. But 
these are only conspicuous examples 
of a mighty power whose undevelop- 
ed resources are possessed by every 
individual. 

Life is what we will to make it, 
though not always what we wish it 
were. 

The student who sa\^; "I will" and 
acts accordingly is the student who 
wears the honor of his class and gains 
theapproval ofhis preceptors. And af- 
ter the picket line skirmishes of col- 
lege life have been fought, and the 



58 



The Elon College Monthly. 



real battle-field entered, it is the man, 
actuated by such principles and burn- 
ing with such zeal, who rises above 
the wrangling, vulgar multitude to 
write his name with the few immor- 



tals upon the roll of honor and upon 
the more lasting tablets — the hearts 
of his countrymen. 

Dan. 



THE ADVANTAGES OF STUDYING ENGLISH. 



Judging from experience and obser- 
vation in the study and use of English, 
it is evident to everyone that it is one 
of the most important studies in a 
college course for boys and the most 
important for girls. There is nothing 
that so accurately determines one's 
rank in every phase of life in the so- 
cial, or in the intellectual world as 
his English. We could do nothing 
creditably without it. We are almost 
entirely dependent upon it for recogni- 
tion among the cultured of the world. 
That in society it is the great gauge 
and passport, it is not neccessary to 
stop to convince you; for all who have 
ever been in society at all have felt 
the cramping effects of a want 
of a thorough course in English. 
We may have all other qualities nec- 
essary to make us appear well among 
our friends and among strangers; we 
may wear fine clothes; we may have 
a pretty face, an agreeable manner 
and a good name; but what are all 
these if we show ourselves ignorant 
of the use of our own language.' 
When we converse it is only in a 
broken manner; we are unable to col- 
lect our thoughts and to express them 
in any but a stammering way, show- 
ing very plainly a lack of training and 



)f culture that will ofa necessity lower 
us in the estimation of those by whom 
we are surrounded and will assign to 
us a position in the social circles humil- 
iatingly below our true aspirations. 
Now, we may console ourrelves with 
the thought that these remarks refer 
to a very ignorant class. It is an ig- 
norant class, but one with which we 
come in contact in our daily life; and 
many of us are among the number. 
Then let us rid ourselves of this 
brand of ignorance which we volun- 
tarily fix upon ourselves; and let us 
make a careful study of our language 
which will make us feel so much at 
ease when in contact with our fellow 
men, and what is better, for our rep- 
utation, will make us appear so to 
others. 

But, beyond its social importance, 
we find numberless reasons for a care- 
ful study of English. Many young 
men desire to enter politics, or to 
choose some profession that will 
bring them before the public. Think 
of a lawyer or an orator on any oc- 
cassion trying to speak without a good 
knowledge of the power and hidden 
forces of the instrument by means of 
which he would express himself He 
would be simply a bore to all who 



The Elon College Monthly. 



59 



might listen to him and a v^eritable 
rasp to the cultiv^ated mind. It is 
just so with a preacher. He may 
have good thought in his sermons, but 
he cannot produce the desired effect 
if his sermon is not well delivered, 
and as a general rule a poor delivery 
is the result of want of confidence 
in one's own fluency of expression; 
and if we feel thus ourselves what can 
be the feelings of the poor suffering 
humanity who have fallen victims to 
our ignorant tongues.' 

Give our ministers a thorough 
knowledge of English together with 
their good thought and they will be 
more interested themselves and will 
be more likely to interest their con- 
gregations. 

There is ar other reason, beyond 
personal qualifications, that should 
urge us on to a more thorough com- 
prehension of English in its different 
branches It is, that in our general 
reading we may be able to enter more 
fully into the thought and spirit of 
what we read. Those who have 
never studied the qualities that make 
up good reading matter do not know 
what a mine of hidden truths lies be- 
neath the surface of a sentence, or a 
figure that can appear but little more 
than beautiful to their undisciplined 
minds. There is little pleasure in 
reading the different authors if we 
have never studied literature enough 
to appreciate more than a simple story; 
and if we know nothing of the merits 
that go to make up a good book. But 
what is more enjoyable after we have 
studied a good book; have been 
brought into full sympathy with its 



author and his subject, than to sit 
down and study over the surround- 
ings and the circumstances under 
which it was written.'' There are few 
things more enjoyable to the intellec- 
tual man than, by reading good books 
and magazines, to commune with 
kindred s])irits who have thought and 
written perhaps centuries ago. 

The lack of a good knowledge of 
English is seldom more vividly felt 
than when we sit down to write a let- 
ter. So few can write a good English 
letter; yet, how many try and succeed 
wonderfully well — in boring the help- 
less recipients. We may write a let- 
ter using all the kind words and flow- 
ery terms we can think of, but if 
written incorrectly, the good effect 
intended is, to a certain extent, de- 
stroyed by the ludicrous side brought 
out by our ignorance. But, on the 
other hand, if we are masters of good 
English, it will give us a good flow of 
language, resulting in smooth, pre- 
cise expressions; and these expres- 
sions will gradually culminate in a 
correct and well written letter. 

In the last place, but by no means 
the least, we may well say that a pa- 
tient study of English will prepare us 
for an ever dreaded task. It is a task 
which when announced casts a gloom 
over the whole school room. It makes 
girls frown, it makes them cross, 
it makes them wish they were at 
home, it makes them cry, it makes 
them silk. Surely no girl at Elon 
can fail to guess immediately what this 
terrible task is — an abominable essay. 
Ella Johnson. 



6o 



The Elon College Monthly. 



VIRGIL. 



Virgil, the great Roman poet, was 
born the 15th of October, 70, B. C. It 
was at this period that Lucretius' 
songs were at their height; it was in 
this age that Caesar was exploring 
neighboring countries; it was at this 
age that Cicero's voice was sounding 
throughont the courts and echoing 
throughout the Roman Empire; it was 
about this time that the Roman Em- 
pire had first perceived any symptoms 
of her decay, but as to her fall, it had 
not yet been expected. 

So from this time we begin to per- 
ceive this poetical light begin to grow 
brighter and brighter until the sur- 
rounding literary lights gradually be- 
gin to grow dim, overshadowed by a 
lustre more brilliant and more daz- 
zling. But does this sparkling light 
eclipse only the Roman literary 
lights. No, it darkens the majority of 
lights that have illuminated the nation 
since its first flash of intellectual bril- 
liancy. It is as brilliant to-day as it 
was years and years ago. Old em- 
pires have been destroyed; kings 
and queens have ascended their 
thrones, wielded their sceptres and 
passed out of existance; laws and 
governments have been organized 
and re-organized; lands that once lay 
at rest, unknown to man have been 
discovered, inhabited and organized 
under laws formed to restrain and to 
protect the people; yet, through these 
long and changing periods, that 
sparkling intellectual star is as bril- 



liant to-day as it was when it was 
first visible. 

Virgil enjoyed an unquestionable 
supremacy among Roman poets. 
What Cicero was to prose, Virgil was 
to poetry; and with the Romans, as 
with all other nations who have pos- 
sessed a great political and prose lit- 
erature, poetry holds supreme power 
over prose literature. Prose will be- 
come inert when poetry is becoming 
more and more attractive to man, to 
the nation, to the world. It should 
not be understood that Cicero's ora- 
tions have been forgotten, or have 
become obsolete, or have grown dull; 
but we must see that Virgil's works 
will live when Cicero's are dead. His 
poetry perpetuates the true idea of 
the national imagination and the 
deepest vein of the national senti- 
ments. It was on the banks of that 
softly gliding stream Mincio that 
he first began to sing the Eclogues 
and Georgics. In these pastorals or 
Eclogues, he pictures beautifully the 
Greek shepherds keeping their flocks 
in some woodland country. A few 
lines might be mentioned: 

"I surely heard, that all from where yon hills. 

Begin to rise, and gently slope again 

Down to the stream, where the old heech trees 

throw 
Their ragged, time worn tops against the sky, 
Your poet master had redeemed by song," 

Throughout all the pastorals we 
find every expression grand and mel- 
odious. The Georgics, like the Eco- 



The Elon College Monthly 



6i 



logues, took their origin from tlie 
Greek. 

Lucretius sang "on the nature of 
things," Virgil, also, but in a different 
way. The revelation of power and 
life of nature, first made known to 
Lucretius, were able to charm the 
Romans only after they had passed 
through the mind of the poet Virgil. 
It is said that he was born on the 
very day that Lucretius died. It 
would seem that Virgil was very 
much attached to Lucretius's verses 
and had a desire to imitate him. 

The long interval between the 
overthrow of the Western civilization 
and the revival of letters affords testi- 
mony of the depth of the impression 
which he made on the heart and im- 
agination of the ancient world. 

Virgil's poems were written nearly 
2000 years ago, yet they are familiar 
to every college student. 

The introduction to "The Ship- 
wreck on the Coast of Carthage," is 
never forgotten by those who read it. 
It is a pleasure for an old man to im- 
agine himself in school and repeat 
these words: 

"Arms and the man I sing, who first, 
By fateof Ilian realm amerced, 



To fair Italia onward bore 

And landed on Laviuium's shore." 

Virgil's works have made his name 
immortal. Besides his brilliant intel- 
lect he was a good man; a man that 
looked to the interest of his fellow- 
men; a man that never forgot to help 
his neighbor; a man that would live 
unknown to fame, to assist some 
troubled soul. It is said that once on 
entering a theatre that the whole 
audience rose to salute him with the 
same honors that were paid to Au- 
gustus. 

Virgil opened the way to epic 
poetry; other great men have tried to 
walk in his path but have fallen far 
short of it. Spenser, the "poet's 
poet," was full of Virgil. Milton, 
"prince of poets," as some one has 
said, sang beautifully; but the poems 
of Virgil will eclipse Milton's when 
they are brought into contact with 
each other. 

This grand and noble genius is a fav- 
orite of all mankind; he is loved by 
by the poor and rich by the good and 
bad; the world does honor to his 
name. 

Ed. Everett. 



62 



The Elon College Monthly. 



EDITORIAL 



Memory Work in the Class- 
room. 



Perhaps one of the most injurious 
habits of study that many students 
fall into x'iincinorirjiiig the exact zvords 
of an author. This method of pre- 
paring lessons is especially enticing 
to those who have ready memories; 
it is resorted to as being much easier 
than a close study of the thought, 
yet it is a very damaging practice. 
It leaves us many times, not only ut- 
terly ignorant of the thought intended 
to be imparted; but, what is of still 
more import, it tends to lessen our de- 
sire for a thorough knowledge of all 
subjects, and results in the unnatural 
weakening of reasoning faculties, per- 
haps, naturally strong. It is generally 
true that when a student cannot an- 
swer a question in his own words, he 
knows very little about it. 

The power to make others' thoughts 
our own is shown by our power to 
state them clearly without reference 
to the text; and unless this faculty of 
thorough comprehension is carefully 
cultivated and rigidly adhered to, 
there will be an unconscious weaken- 
ing of the powers of reason, resulting 
from mental inactivity in discriminat- 
ing lines of thought. Yet, there are 
so many who persist in this method of 
preparing, at least some of their reci- 
tations; and the result is almost in- 



variably failure on examination, es- 
pecially if original work be given. It 
is far better to understand one princi- 
ple well than to memorize a hundred 
for a daily mark; for where memory 
is the chief factor in the preparation 
of a lesson, the daily mark is the only 
evidence of our knowledge of the sub- 
ject — we certainly will not give evi- 
dence of any knowledge of it when 
we come face to face with it in practi- 
cal life 

If, in the preparation of a lesson, 
we accustom ourselves to a thorough 
investigation of every principle that 
is presented to our minds, we will ac- 
quire a readiness of thought, and an 
accuracy of reasoning that will never 
fail us. The ability to reason accu- 
rately and to reach a conclusion read- 
ily is an evidence of a bright and cul- 
tured intellect; and recognizing this 
to be true we cannot be too careful in 
preventing our ready memories from 
usurping the offices of the reasoning 
faculties. Though the process of 
subordinating memory to reason may 
be a slow and irksome one, it must 
be done, if we would render ourselves 
worthy of recognition in the estima- 
tion of thinking people; and after we 
have undergone the process we find 
ourselves abundantly repaid for every 
toilsome moment spent over a lesson, 
however dry or intricate. We often 
hear it said that those who have to 



The Elon College Monthly. 



work the liardest for what they get 
out of a lesson make, in the end, the 
brightest and most intellectual men. 
This is because they are not aided, 
and at the same time duped, by a 
willing, yet treacherous memory; but 
all along througli their • course of 
study they are acquiring habits of 
thought and an application to work, 
however tedious, that must eventuallx- 
result in a well disciplined mind capa- 
ble of formulating ideas based upon 
truths that cannot be denied because 
they have originated from a known 
source. The student who has a quick 
memory is duped into the idea that 
he knows his lesson simply because 
he can repeat it from beginning to 
end; and so. in neglecting to go to the 
bottom of things he comes out of 
college with the most essential faculty 
of his inind undeveloped, and he adds 
one more proof to the general asser- 
tion that lessons cjuickly gotten are 
as cjr.ickly forgotten. This is not 
necessaril}' true. A ready memor)' 
properly utilized and directed by the 
hand of reason is a blessing that few 
enjoy; yet. when occasionally we find 
a man thus blessed, we recognize him 
as an intellectual genius. He is the 
man who lives in advance of his age 
and holds up the light by which oth- 
ers arc guided into the unknown 
future. Then, if you are in the habit 
of .memorizing your lessons, for your 
own good, stop it; and never deceive 
yourself with the idea that you kinnv 
a lesson simply because you can re- 
peat it ivord for word — a teacher 
wants no better proof of your utter 



remember it until they reach their 
homes.' No. Such a student may 
ignorance of it. One truth well ami 
firmly rooted in the mind is worth a 
whole hook of prineiples looselv stored 
in the mem or v. 

M. 



A Plea Against Modern Examin- 
ations. 



It is a question at the present time, 
whether final examinations are of ad- 
vantage, or disadvantage to students. 
The\- have already been abandoned 
by some colleges, and the new idea 
seems to be popular wherever tried. 
Many intellectual men that have e.\- 
perience in teaching, have set up the 
cry against them. In the best journals 
and magazines are found weight)' ar- 
ticles in opposition to them. While 
on the other hand there ma)' be some 
things in fa^"or of e.xaminatians, )et 
those to the contrary will over-balance 
them. The first thing that occurs to 
the mind of a man who favors the 
modern system of e.vaminations is, 
that a student would not appl)- him- 
self as he should, that he would neglect 
his books. This ma\' be true, or it 
may not. Hut, a student that will 
neglect his studies just because he is 
not going to have a long, wearisome 
examination posted up before hiiTi at 
the close of the term or session, for 
him to toil over the li\'e-long day, is 
not going to study an\'wa\'. How 
man)' students get through to-da)" b)' 
cramming! Is this mechanical work 
of any service to them.' 13o the)' 



64 



The Elon College Monthly. 



remember it until they reach their 
homes? No, such a student may 
stand on Triton ometr}', or Analytics, 
and may ^et a high grade when he 
could not tell where some of his for- 
mulae came from, if he should be ask- 
ed by his Professor. This is done 
merely by "spotting the teacher," by 
employing the leader of the class to 
solve the problems, and by cramming 
them into his head the last two nights 
before examination. 

The Professor is capable of judging 
a boy that h.is been reciting under 
him four months and a half or nine 
months, without carrying him through 
that feeling that penetrates the heart 
of every student at the very thought 
of an examination. 

Frederick Harrison said the more 
ha saw of examinations the more he 
felt like it was ruining education al- 
together. He has also said: "Mech- 
anical examinations never can test 
any knowledge worth having; all that 
it can do is to debase and pervert ed- 
ucation." This seems a little strong, 
but nevertheless every professor and 
student must acknowledge it to be a 
fact; and this being true, why is it that 
the colleges are holding on to the old 
sx'stem of examinations so closely.'^ Is 
it because it was customary in former 
days. If this be. so, why not follow 
closel}' the teachings of Aristolle in- 
stead of the inductive system of Lord 
Bacon.'' 

We can not afford to work with the 
tools that our forefathers used Times 
are changed, and the minds of men 
are changing also. Though great im- 



provements have been made in the 
system of education, improvements in 
almost every respect; yet, wisdom and 
knowledge are in their infancy, it takes 
some time for a new plan to work it- 
self into common use. It is only a 
question of time, when examinations 
will be abandoned in all colleges. 
"The sooner the better." 

S. E. Everett. 



Importance of the Reading 
Room. 



One of the most important things 
in the development of physical 
strength is good and wholesome food. 
Without it our bodies soon become 
weak and famished. Just so it is in 
mental and spiritual development. 

Each of the three natures of man 
must find food and nourishment from 
some source for true development, 
and if any one of them is neglected 
the man is incomplete. The symmet- 
rical union of his triple nature is 
necessary to make him what the world 
expects of him, what he should ex- 
pect of himself and what God, his 
Creator, would have him be. Then 
an\'thing that tends to this end should 
be regarded as very important, look- 
ing at it from a sense of duty to him- 
self, to his fellow-men and to his God. 

In one of the contributions of this 
issue of the MONTHLY you will see 
the importance of Athletic sport as a 
means of development for the physical 
man; and it is left for us to show the 
importance of the development and 



The Elon College Monthly. 



65 



the medium of development for the 
mind and for the soul. 

While we fulh' understand the im- 
portance of thorough training in the 
various branches of science, and that 
it is necessary for a man to spend 
much time in the text books that are 
used in our colleges and schools, yet 
this is not enough for the develop- 
ment of the mind. 

When young men attend school for 
a considerable length of time and yet 
cannot converse on the living issues 
of the daf, knows nothing of the po- 
litical questions that are agitating the 
minds of their countrymen, both 
North and South, it is very evident 
that these young men have had very 
little of the true nourishment that is 
so needful to them in making a repu- 
tation for themselves and for the in- 
stitution which they represent. Many 
young men that might be well in- 
formed in the living, acting thought 
of to-day are mere "dummies" when 
approached on these subjects, because 
they do not read, because they are 
blind to all the world around them. 
They think they will become wise by 
cramming Latin and Greek for a 
course of four years, but they fail to 
understand that it is far more impor- 
tant that they know something in the 
living present. If all the rules of 
many studies that are used as dis- 
cipline were forgotten entirely the 
students would be almost as well 
prepared for the realities of life; but 
not so with the questions that are 
agitating the minds of our people to- 
day. 



They affect our country, our homes, 
ourselves; and we must know them 
and know how to meet them on their 
own ground. 

These things must be learned by 
reading the leading political periodi- 
cals of the day. Many of them come 
to the reading room, such as The Fu- 
nmi, The Literary Digest, The Nurth 
Amerieaii Review, in fact all the po- . 
litical news ma}' be found in the vari- 
ous periodicals that we have sent to 
the College. 

Students that e.vpect to make law a 
profession will find many questions of 
interest and of great importance along 
the line of law. 

Many questions that are destined 
to affect our future prosperity, such 
as the free coinage of silver, the tariff, 
the civil service reform and various 
others that are coming before the peo- 
ple daily, would be of great interest 
to any one actively engaged in the 
political affairs of our government; 
and why not to those that expect to 
enter soon upon the arena of political 
activity.'' 

Minsterial students will find much 
in the various religious papers and 
magazines which is of great impor- 
tance. Li\ing questions are being 
agitated by some of the ablest divines 
and new phases of thought are con- 
stantly being brought out by the re- 
ligious world; and every minister of 
the gospel should not only be apace 
with the masses of the people, but he 
must be ahead if he would lead, and 
and lead successfully. 

There is a great deal of religious 



66 



The Elox College Monthly 



literature in our library that is worthy 
of the study of every one who enjo\'s 
spiritual food. It is very important 
that we do not neglect our bodies, the 
temples in which God must dwell; 
more important that our minds be not 
neglected, for in the world there is 
nothing great but man, and in man 
the greatest quality or attribute 
is his capacity to reason; but the 
most important thing that God has 
intrusted to man is his soul; then how 
infinitely important it is that we do 
not neglect that immortal part of our 
being. There is no better way of ac- 
quiring useful knowledge, in addition 



to what we obtain from our text 
book, than by reading good literature. 
In it we can converse with our noblest 
statesmen, our most brilliant intel- 
lects, and our ablest divines. Lord 
Bacon says that "reading maketh a 
full man," and experience says lack 
of reading maketh an empty man; 
then I would ask, "Fellow-student, 
which is preferable.-^" Let not the mo- 
ments that might be spent in devel- 
oping your minds and in strengthen- 
ing your souls be spent in idleness, 
but read and become strong", intellec- 
tually and spiritually. 

W. C. Wicker. 



EDITORS STUDY. 



Among the developments of the 
present decade we doubt very much 
if there have been any so marked and 
so rapid as that which is terined "mag- 
azine literature." In fact the very 
best talent of the day, and that too in 
neat, cultured st)'le, is displayed in 
these monthly productions and then, 
too, it has the advantage of that fresh- 
ness and vigor not displayed in most 
books. Thousands of copies of these 
monthlies go forth from the press into 
the homes and libraries of our country 
laden, as they are, with discussions 
of questions, political, social, econom- 
ic and moral, with an ability and in- 
telligence not to.be found elsewhere. 

A few years ago magazines were 
comparatively infrequent in the homes 
and by the firesides, but now no home 



is complete, no library begun, with- 
out one or more of these monthly 
visitors. 

He who spends his five dollars for 
77u' Forum, The Century, The North 
American Rei'ieiv, Atlantic Monthly, 
The Cosmopolitan and others of sim- 
ilar character, has by no means spent 
it for trash, but has invested in some- 
thing of real worth and merit. 
* -j:- * 

In modern journalism there is, it 
seems to us, a tendency very much to 
be deplored. That the daily and 
weekly press moulds, as well as re- 
flects, national character we think, 
will not be denied. Yet for a moment 
examine the columns of a secular 
daily or weekly. What do we find.'' 
Very little, if any. One-half proba- 



The Elon College Monthly 



67 



bly taken up in recounting the sensa- 
tional occurrences of the day or week 
— murders, train wrecks, mine explo- 
sions, and thrilling accidents of many 
kinds, fit only to create a sensation 
and alarm the imagination. Good 
subjects those to bring about sober 
thought and calm deliberation — the 
two necessary pre-requisites to stabil- 
ity of character and development of 
intellect!!! And as for the other 
half of the sheet, it is busied with 
party abuse — defamatory declama- 
tion against the political party op- 
posed to the one of which it is, or 
rather professes to be, an exponent. 
Ifyou desire to decide who is one of the 
most abominable people on the face 
of the globe just read Democratic pa- 
pers all the time and you will not be 
long in making up your mind that 
Republicans should justly bear the 
stigma. On the other hand change 
your reading altogether and allow 
nothing but Republican papers to be 
perused and you would soon decide 
that the Democrats had indeed and 
in truth sinned away their birth-right 
and all was lost with them save that 
which is dishonest, false and mean 
A wonderful instrument that for 
moulding national character and 
standing out as the literary exponent 
of the age ! ! Noble themes these for 
an enlightened age — sensational hob- 
goblin and political clap-trap ! I We 
may imagine the results when we re- 
member that the secular paper is read 
in preference to and much more than 
all the books. 



Without doubt the political econo- 
mist has a problem before him now 
which he may set himself about solv- 
ing in good earnest and then we 
doubt very much if the results will be 
as forth-coming as might be desired. 

"Agricultural depression" is prob- 
ably the best name to be given to the 
new problem, but that does not cover 
the entire ground, since the depres- 
sion among the agricultural classes 
reaches to all classes. Again there 
is not merely depression, it is almost, 
if not quite, stagnation in some pur- 
suits at least The problem within 
itself is a puzzle and we are not sur- 
prised that the many plans for solving 
it are puzzles. Stated in ioto it runs 
somewhat after this style: The farm- 
ers are having a hard time. In the 
industrial world there is something 
wrong, and the laborers especially 
are the victims. There is as much 
land now as in former years and it is 
as fertile, yet in the rural districts es- 
pecially it is hardly saleable, and 
there are more people to be fed, the 
sun shines and the rain falls as in 
former years, but in spite of all this, 
farm products are low and farming 
does not pay. Mortgages are grow- 
ing where once forests grew, and with 
greater rapidity; and many of the 
farms, east and west, can be bought 
for the bare cost of their buildings. 

That almost sounds absurd and 
contradictory, but if not true we are 
much mistaken. What is the mat- 
ter.'' One would-be-economist says 
"High tariff." Another, "Unjust and 
unequal taxation." Another, " The 



68 



The Elon College Monthly. 



limited coinage of silver," etc., etc. 
The farmer wants legislation, and 
the merchant wants legislation, and 
the manufacturer wants legislation, 
and everybody (almost, if not quite) 
wants to get to some town (either 
great or small) and all, young and 
old, male and female, with probably a 
few exceptions, desire some office and 



that too under the United States gov- 
ernment ! ! A strange problem this, 
and what the result will be no human 
mind can foresee. There is surely 
something rotten somewhere in the 
state of denmark — woefully so — and 
where is the economist, the statesman 
or the philanthropist to probe _ the 
wound and remove the eatingf sore.'' 



Y. M. C. A. NOTES. 



Prayer. 

Our prayers flit on golden wings, 

To Heav'n's eternal shore, 
And then from God ihe bounties bring ; 

Rewards in boundless store. 

They move like angels in the sky, 

In star light s mingled gleam, 
Or, like the moon light from on high 

Falls o'er some gentle stream. 

And then they rest on Jesus' breast, 

In calm delightful praise ; 
The soul that sent them then is blest 

And joy to God doth raise. 

O, holy thought ! O, blessed thojght ! 

How we in thee repose, 
Since God to us has kindly taught 

Such lovely truths as these. 

W. C. Wicker. 



Our association continues to in- 
crease in interest, and in influence up- 
on the young men of our college. 

Meetings are regularly held every 
Saturday evening for business and for 
reading and studying the word. 

Rev. J. R. Moose, of Trinity College 
paid us a visit during hist week and 
conducted a meeting for us. His vis- 
it was highly appreciated. We would 
be glad for him to give us another 
call. 

Our Association has established two 



Missionary points, at which there is 
preaching monthly. 

Some of the young men visit fami- 
lies in the community and conduct 
family worship by reading and pray- 
er, they are working in the Sabbath 
schools at different places near the 
college. 

There is a prayer meeting conduct- 
ed every Sunday evening in the Col- 
lege chapel, for the public, under the 
supervision of the Association. The 
young ladies hold a prayer meeting 
every Sunday afternoon at 4 o'clock, 
which is conducted somewhat on the 
plan of the Association. From these 
meetings comes an influence that tends 
to elevate the status of Christianity 
among the christians and to throw a 
holy restraint around those few that 
are not christians, as almost all at- 
tend. 

The Association on Thanksgiving 
Day was largely attended, and a large 
number of yoimg men voluntarily ex- 
pressed their thankfulness for God's 
goodness and love to them during the 
past year. 

.There is no doubt but that the As- 
sociation has been the means of main- 
taining a much stronger influence for 
Christianity than could have been 
done otherwise. 

W. C. Wicker. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



69 



EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT. 



We welcome the Gtiilford Collegian 
to our Reading Room. It is a neat 
magazine, and tlie fact that it comes 
from a college that has opened its 
doors to both sexes, makes it e\'en 
more interesting to us. We cannot 
agree with its editor in thinking that 
"the true mission of the college jour- 
nal is above all things else, to give 
the college news." It seems to us 
that a college magazine should be 
very instructive and of a high literar\' 
type. However, we are always glad 
to hear the news from other colleges 
and expect real benefit and profitable 
instruction from the Guilford Colleg- 
ian, especially since such able men as 
Dr. Sanderlin and Prof. W. H. Blair 
have consented to be among the con- 
tributors to its columns. 

The Trinity Archive comes to us in 
a handsome new dress, which adds 
much to its attractiveness. 

The arrival of the Archive is always 
hearalded with delight by the more 
frequent visitors of the reading room. 

In the November number an article 
entitled, "A Plea for Co-education in 
College and University Work," by W. 
P. Andrews, is worthy of the most 
careful consideration of the thought- 
ful reader. We consider it one 
among the strongest articles on the 
subject we have ever seen. 

Elon College can truly appreciate 
and heartily endorse all Mr. Andrews 
has said. 



He says that co-education of the 
sexes is in keeping with nature's way; 
that the system makes discipline 
easy; that to open the doors of male 
colleges to females is a principal of 
economy; that \-oung ladies are men- 
talk' and ph\'sically able to do the 
work required of young men, and that 
"woman's plea for equal advantages 
is not the idle request of sentiment- 
ality, but that it is the earnestness of 
woman's prayer for that mental pre- 
paration which will enable her to be 
a better wife, a better mother, and a 
better and more efficient citizen." and 
also that it will enable her to be self 
supporting if need be. 

Mr. Andrews has ably discussed 
each assertion, and it really seems in 
so forcible a manner as to con\'ince 
any reader even though he be an old 
fogy. 

To his last statement surely there 
is not a true woman in our land but 
who will most heartily agree and feel 
like applauding it. 

Mr. Andrews closes by expressing 
a desire that Trinity may be the first 
college in North Carolina to adopt a 
system of co-education. We suppose 
that he refers directly to those col- 
leges that have so far admitted only 
males; however, we sincerely hope 
that he is aware of the fact that Elon 
College opened her doors equally 
wide to male and female September 
2, 1890. 



70 



The Elon College Monthly. 



As we go to press the North Caro- 
lina University Magazine reaches our 
table. We find it an interesting and 
instructive journal. There are some 
strong articles in the last issue. 

It is learned from the editorial de- 
partment that many improvements 
have been made in the University 
during the last few years. One es- 
pecial evidence of the improvement 
is that more original work than here- 
tofore is required in the preparation 
of these in several departments — a 
plan that is in every way commend- 
able, and from which much good 
must necessarily accrue. 



A Glimpse of the Chinese and 
their Empire. 

China Proper has an area of 1,399, 
609 square miles and a population of 
370,323,545, the area of the United 
States being 3,025,600 square miles 
with a population of only abont 65,- 
000,000. The country is traversed by 
numerous rivers and high mountain 
ranges. The rivers, with the canals, 
form some of the most frequented 
highways in the empire. A very re- 
markable feature of China is the exist- 
ance of a vast area of loess. This pe- 
culiar formation of earth covers an 
area of about 250,000 square miles 
and is invaluable for agricultural pur- 
poses. Coal, both anthracite and bi- 
tuminous, exists abundantly. It is 
said that one of the most remarkable 
coal fields in the world exists in the 
province of Shanse, and Baron von 
Richthofen has given it as his opinion 
that the world, at the present rate of 



coal consumption, could be supplied 
for thousands of years from Shanse 
alone. In the country surrounding 
Pingting Chow the extent of the coal 
field IS incalculable, and the above 
named writer, in speaking of the 
whole plateau, said, "These extraor- 
dinary conditions, for which I know 
no parallel on the globe, will event- 
ually give rise to some curious fea- 
tures in mining." 

Copper, iron, zinc, lead, silver and 
gold are found in considerable quan- 
tities, and as regards quick-silver, 
Kwei-chow is said to be probably the 
richest in this metal of any country 
in the world. 

The land is productive and espec- 
ially so in some provinces. Baron 
von Richthofen in speaking of the 
province Gan-hrvuy said, "The ex- 
uberant fertility of the soil in lower 
portions of the province is not ex- 
celled by anything I have seen in 
temperate climates. No expense has 
therefore been spared in protecting 
the lowlands by embankments p.nd 
introducing a perfect system of irriga- 
tion. Both deserve the highest ad- 
miration. On the King river I have 
walked for miles through fields of 
hemp the stalks of which were from 
eleven to thirteen feet high. Cot- 
ton, too, is raised in large quantities." 

The products are abundant and of 
many varieties, among them, grains 
of various kinds, potatoes, tobacco, 
tea and sugar; ginger and camphor; 
petroleum, sulphur, and marine and 
rock salt; timber, rattan and bamboo- 
medicine, rice paper, China ware, silk, 



The Elon College Monthly. 



71 



and various kinds of cloth; many var- 
ieties of fruit, and numerous other 
products together with those before 
mentioned. Much of the produce is 
exported. The trade reports for one 
year show the exports from the city 
of Fuh-chow Foo to ha\'e amounted 
to ;^4,397,320, 19s, 4d, while the im- 
ports to the same city amounted to 
only ;^i,332,387, lis, 8d. 

Horses and mules are said to be in 
as common use in China as in any 
part of the United States. 

The Chinese are especially fine far- 
mers. Scarcely a foot of available 
land is left uncultivated. All ordure is 
penurioush' hoarded and used. With 
them the richness of the land increases 
rather than decreases. They can 
gain a competency with a very limited 
acreage. Within a radius of a hun- 
dred miles around San Francisco they 
now rent at least 50,000 acres of fruit 
and bottom lands for which they pay 
from four to ten times what a white 
lessee could afford to give for the 
same and yet they prosper well. In 
China a population of 800 to the 
square mile i.'; not uncommon in the 
best agricultural districts; while in our 
country many a square mile has only 
one famil)' on it, and that family near 
starvation. Indeed, it is said that 
the Chinamen are as far ahead of the 
agriculturalists of the United States 
in what they can get out of a given 
area of land, as we are ahead of them 
ill our manufacturing and transporta- 
tion interests. 

For some reason the Chinese seem 
peculiarly adapted to toilsome labor. 



They can work twenty hours out of 
twenty-four. With them "industry ii 
the road to wealth." They can en- 
dure far more hardships than can 
Americans. In one four story build- 
ing, on a lot 34^4 by 137VJ feet in 
size, more than 200 Chinese are 
housed. It is even remarkable 
how little the}' seem to dread to put 
themselevLS in uncomfortable pos- 
itions. To be crowded or to have no 
where to sleep comfortably, are 
things of but little moment to them. 

It is widely known that they can 
subsist on a limited supply of food. 

The)' are a people of marked in- 
genuity. The story is related that an 
American manufarturing company, 
trying to excel the Chinese in skill, 
made an extremely small needle and 
sent it to them to see if they could 
make one equally small. The Chin- 
ese bored into the American needle, 
and having placed within the cavity 
a needle of their own make, screwed 
it together and returned it to the 
American manufacturers. 

The Chinese are very close ob- 
servers and keen critics. Realh' they 
are among our severest critics. They 
censure Americans very much along 
man\- lines, and (must we admit it.'') 
their stern accusations are often 
founded on solid bases, and are 
worthy of the thoLightful considera- 
tion of the censured. 

Another characteristic of the Chi- 
nese, and one worth)- of approval, is 
their spirit of co-operation, which is 
seen and felt in many of their trans- 
actions. In this countr\- the Chinese 



72 



The Elon College Monthly. 



emigrants have co-operative systems 
in all their various business relations. 

Again they have an undying love 
for their country. No people have 
been more loyal to their fatherland 
than the Chinese. Their motto is, 
"China for the Chinese." Their spirit 
of loyalty is instilled into the people 
from their infancy. Chinese emi- 
grants ever fondle caressingly the 
hope of returning to their native 
home; and when they die in foreign 
lands their remains are always carried 
back to the longed-for home of their 
childhood and placed among those 
of their adored ancesters. 

Some writer in speaking of this 
spirit of fidelity, thus draws the com- 
parison between it and that cold self- 
ishness of Americans. "The Ameri- 
can family is a grass, whose seed is 
dispersed to the four winds and takes 
root wherever it finds a favoring soil; 
the Chinese is a banyan, whose 
boughs bend reverently down and 
plant themselves in widening circles 
around the parent stem, the vital un- 
ion remaining unbroken from age to 

Another feature, and one worthy of 
the profoundest approbation, is, that 
the Chinese have no wine, a reeling 
Chinamen is rarely ever to be seen on 
the street. 

The Chinese are great lovers of 
learning. We quote from a well in- 
formed writer on the subject. "The 
Chinese are eminentl\' a literar)', in 
the sense of a reading, people. The 
system of malting crjmpetetive ex- 
aminations the only royal road to posts 



of honor and emolument, and the 
law which throws these open to ev- 
erybody who chooses to compete, have 
caused a wider diffusion of book learn- 
ing among the Chinese than is prob- 
ably to be found among any other 
people. A learned Chinaman thus 
remarked to Dr. Martin, president of 
the imperial Tung Wen College, Pe- 
kin, "Your superior skill in the mathe- 
matical and mechanical arts we are 
ready to acknowledge, but you must 
concede to us the palm in philosophy 
and letters." 

The government may be called a 
patriarchal despotism. The emperor 
is considered as a father to his people 
and is held responsible for their train- 
ing and also for their behavior. The 
reigning emperor is Kwang-sen, who 
is only twenty years of age. It is 
said that everything learned of him 
so far is favorable to his amiability 
and intelligence, and that his charac- 
ter will exercise a determining influ- 
ence on the future of both China and 
his own dynasty. 

Recently the Chinese Empire has 
been inhospitable to foreign nations. 
It cannot be determined as yet what 
the result of the Chinese system of 
governmentmay be. Mr. Young Wing, 
the well known scholar and diplomat, 
having been invited by America to 
;iid in a "Convention for promoting 
the general adoption of republican 
government," thus wrote: " In view 
of what the United States government 
has done, for the past twenty years, in 
the way of enacting obnoxious laws 
against the Chinese, and without 



The Elon College Monthly. 



73 



any provocation, flinging insult after 
insult in the very teeth of the Chinese 
government, I cannot for the life of 
me see how republicanism is to be- 
come universal, or how the torch of 
American liberty is to enlighten the 
Eastern races when they are shut out 
from its light." 

Another Chinese characteristic, and 
one which must eventually material- 
ly affect the condition of the people 
as a nation, is their self-confidence. 
China firmly believes she can accom- 
plish as much as any other nation. 
She is unwilling to depend on another 
country for her supplies. When the 
Chinese learned that they needed coal, 
they set about to find and open coal 
mines ; and now steam and railways 
are being introduced. Not long since 
it was proposed to set aside a portion 
of the income ofeach province for con- 
structing a railway to Pekin. They 
allow foreigners to bid on the con- 
tract for the building of the road, but 
this is only to learn from them their 
plans of work, for they never enter- 



tain such a thought as having foreign- 
ers to construct their roads. "China," 
they say, "is a world in itself; and if 
her resources should be i)roperly hus- 
banded and judiciously e.xchanged be- 
tween the different sections of her vast 
domain, she would not need to seek 
in foreign lands for either merchandise 
or market." With their indomitable 
will-power and proverbial patience, 
their undertakings will finally, with- 
out doubt, prove successful. 

Let the indifferent reader think, if 
he \\;ill, that the above mentioned facts 
concerning China and its inhabitants 
— the peculiar features of the country, 
the natural resources and abundant 
products, the singular characteristics 
of the people — let him think that these 
truths are of no significance, but the 
careful and logical reader must see 
that they point to an important epoch 
in the future history of the empire — to 
a great and powerful China in the 
coming ages 

Irene Johnson. 



74 



The Elon College Monthly. 



LOCALS. 



Snow. 

Christinas is coming. 

Dr. Herndon preached for us on 
Thanksgiving Day. 

Dr. Long has been suffering from 
la grippe, but is out again. 

Several students entered school the 
last of November. Prospects for 
spring term encouraging. 

The Chemlst. — Mr. O , being 

asked how to weigh a substance 
lighter than the air, replied: "I know 
of no way but to turn the scales up- 
side-down." 

Our poet, entering the Dormitory, 
asked: "What is that balmy, spicy 
odor that wafts in at the casement and 
seems to send new life spinning thro' 
my sluggish southern blood.'' Why 
cannot we always have it thus?" 

It is hinted that we ought to have a 
half-cent in our currency. The object 
is to give the generous an opportunity 
to contribute to Foreign Missions and 
to attend all the entertainments. 

One of our Professors is taking art. 
His success is wonderful ! Why, he 
drew a hen that was so natural to 
life that when he placed it on the table 
it didn't hesitate to lay there. 

During the reception a married 
man approached a young lady while 
she was talking to her best fellow (at 



least the fellow thought he was her 
best) and asked the pleasure of prom- 
enading with her. The reply: "What 
pleasure is there in my promenading 
with you and you a married man.-*" 
Boys, if you want a good time, never 
marry; and never have but one sweet- 
heart, and let that always be the one 
whom you are with last. 

Fresh. — I won't believe anything 
I can't explain. 

Soph. — Will you explain why some 
cows have horns and others have not.-' 

F. — I mean I don't believe anything 
that I can't see. 

S. — Have you ever seen your back- 
bone.'' 

F. — No; but I felt it one day when 
an ox gored me in the back, and 
broke off his horn, and ever since you 
will see occasionally a coiv without 
horns. 

Friday night after Thanksgiving 
was the " Fresh. 's" night for public 
speaking. The exercises finally drift- 
ed into a reception, which was very 
much enjoyed. The "Preps" said 
"We made a ' succeed ' of it." 

A Good way to get Wood. — One 
night while the snow was on the 
ground, some boys planned a way to 
secure some wood (theirs being out). 
They knew some "Preps" that had a 
big pile of wood in their room; so 
they decided that one would go in 



The Elon College Monthly. 



?^ 



and pretend to the "Preps" that he 
could mesmerize a person, and while 
he was trying to mesmerize, some one 
of the others would carry out wood. 
The boy appointed went ahead and 
entered the room, and after talking 
a while he brought up the subject of 
mesmerism, and told them (the ones 
in the room) of his mesmeric powers; 
of course they wanted to see it done. 
He took his man out in the floor and 



blindfolded him in order to perform 
the work; the cr^wd rushed in to see, 
and while the excitement was going 
on the Wood Co. was bearing out 
wood. The next morning the owners 
of the wood got up to make a fire, and 
found all their wood gone. One said 
to the other: "They 'messed-and- 
rised ' all of our wood out of here 
last night." 



Advertisements. 



Profit vs. Cash. 



The day for profit on many goods passed out with the old year, and now our highest aim 
is to convert goods into cash and be ready to open the 

Spring Dry Goods Campaign 

with goods suitable for the season. THE KNIFE HAS FALLEN on goods in our estab- 
lishment and chopped off the prices so New York wholesale prices are plain to be seen. 

Drfiss Goods, Trimis, Cloals, Jaclots, UMoriear, Sliails 

and many other goods all going at a CLOSING OUT PRICE. Cloaks which sold for $22.00 
on Dec. ist are now offered at $14.00. The profit and a slice from the cost price has been 
shaven off from these goods. 

If you need DRY GOODS visit our establishment or send in your order by mail. 

RAYMOND Sl POWELL, 

National Bank Building, GREENSBORO, N. C. 



ORDER YOUR 



BaiEei, 



m 



Ti 



And everything needed in the Jewehy Line from Headquarters. 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 

Our best Testimonial — Thousands of Satisfied Customers. 

" \nm JEWELHT HOUSE, 

1028 Main Street, - - - LYNCHBURG, VA. 



Advertisements. 



-SPECIALTY IN 



DRESS GOODS, NOTIONS, SHOES 

AND COMFECTIONERY, 
BURLINGTON, N. C. 



HOLT, WILLIAMSON & CO., 



-OF- 



BURLINGTON, N. C. 

New Store! New Goods! New Prices! 

When you go to ELON COLLEGE call on 

HBBIf BOW ^ ۩. 

IF YOU ARE IN NEED OF 

Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes, Hals, Caps, 



Cy Their goods are new and fresh and just opened. They can compete with any in prices. 



Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR 

NEW CLOTHING AND HATS. 

We have just received our Large Stock of Fall and Winter 

Clothing, Hats and Gents' Furnishing Goods, 

AND WE HAVE EVERYTHING NEW 

LATEST STYLES OUT. 



We will sell only First-Class Goods and of the Best Makes. SCHLOSS BRO.'S & CO. 
and STROUSS & BRO.'S FINE CLOTHING for Men, and PROGRESS and the GOLD 
MEDAL Suits for Boys. In HATS we sell the celebrated MELVILLE, JOHN B. STETSON 
& CO. and DUNLAPS in Soft and Stiff. In FURNISHING GOODS we have the largest 
and best line in the city. We want everybody to con:ie and see us and look through our stock 
when in Greensboro. You can save money by buying of us, 

Very Respectfully, 

C M. VAN STORY & CO., 

Leading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, GREENSBORO, N. C. 

HEADQUARTERS FOR FINE CLOTHING 

AT 

F. FISHBLATE'S. 

We have just received our Mammouth Fall and Winter Stock of Clothing, Hats and 
Furnishing Goods, and it includes everything in the way of Wear for Men, Youths, Boys and 
Children. We are Sole Agents in Greensboro for the following Popular, First-Class Houses: 
Strouss Bros. High Art Clothing for Men and Boys; Progress Superior Made Children's 
Knee Pant Suits; Goodman Bros. & Co.'s Extra Made Clay and Fancy Worsted Suits and 
Box Overcoats ; the World Renowned "Knox" Hats — best in the land; the Triest $3 oo 
Stiff Hats, best for the price made, and every hat guaranteed; the celebrated Pearl Shirt Co. 
and the E. & L. Linen Collars and Cuffs. We invite all to give us a call and will treat you 
cordially and cheerfully show you through our mammouth establishment whether you wish 
to purchase or not. Yours very respectfully, 

F. FISHBLATE, 

Salesmen: — W. R. Rankin, J. W. Crawford, J. P. Scott, D. S. Hoover, L. L. Hewlett. 

B^Our line of Samples for Custom Work for Fall and Winter now open for inspection. 
Over 1,000 siyles to select from. 



EIaOM COIaIaEQE. 



NEVS^ COLLEGE. 
High Standard. Thorough Instruction. 



One of the Largest and Handsomest School Build- 
ings and one of the Best and Cheapest 
Colleges in the State. 



For Announcement, send to 

Rev. W. S. LONG, A. M., D. D., 

President, Elon College, N. C. 

MT! fTTTmiirTlCinM Leading Milliner of Alamance County. Yon are 
B, InUIlrDUl)!, i°S?"NetpoltOffice Building' ''"'"'"' ''""°^"' 



\ 



(7' 



&<4A. ^ i^ 



vol.. 1. 



JANUARY, 1892. 



\ 



TI^E 



^lo9 Q)lle0e /T^o^tl^ly. 



I^UBLiISHED 3Y THE LiirPBI^ARY SOGIE/PIES, 



ELON COLLEGE, N. C/ 



B^ir07tIA.L STjLFIP. 



Prof. E. L. MOFFITT, Alumni Editor. 
Philologian Society: Clio Society: Psiphelian Society: 

W. P. LAWRENCE. S. E. EVERETT. MISS IRENE JOHNSON. 



Philologian Society. 
J. W. RAWLS. 



'BUSIJVBSS MAJVAGBTiS. 



Clio Society. 
W. J. GRAHAM. 



Psiphelian Society. 
MISS ANNIE GRAHAM. 



•^-^l CONTENTS. •c^>r«^- 



/•,;-. 



The Spirit of Philanthiopy vs. Self Aggrandizement. Elijah. MoFFITT 

The Good Old Times. A LBERT.\ MORING 

A Shameful Destitutron. Herbert SchoI.z 

The Trinity in Civil Government M 

Editorials— University Extension. Irene Johnson 

Teachers and Teaching Ed. Everett 

The Prospective Good in Present Agitations. X 

The Secret of a Poor Roy's Success. W. V. T, \\\i. i ^ ■ i . . . . 

Editor's Study 

Y. M. r. A. Notes. VV. i'. I 

Lucals. S. E. EVERETr 



77 
19 

82 

83 

^<) 

9- 
Q4 



THE 



ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY 



Vol. I. 



JANUARY, 1892. 



No. 5. 



MANAGERS NOTICE.— Correspondents will please send 
all matter intended for publication to S. E. Everett, 
Elon College, N. C. 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.-One dollar per scholastic 
issue, cash in advance. 

Remittances should be made payable to " Business Mana- 
gers of The Elon College Monthly." 



TERMS OF ADVERTISING. 

One Page, one insertion $ 3 50 

One Page, ten months 30.C0 

One-half Page, one insertion 2.50 

One-half Page, ten months 22.00 

One-third Page, one insert on 1.50 

One-third Page, ten months 14 00 

All business communications should he f rwarded to 

BUSINESS MANAGERS, 
Elon College, N. C 



The Spirit of Philanthropy vs. Self Aggrandizement. 



Many men who claim to be chris- j 
tians, entertain the erroneous idea ! 
that the world was created for a tem- 
porary place of pleasure, and that by 
and by they will be carried from earth 
to the true haven on flowery beds of 
ease, there to remain in quiet repose 
throughout the endless ages of eter- 
nity. They seem to think that there 
is but one thing for them to do, and 
that that is to get as much pleasure 
out of the world as is possible, giving 
no thought for the welfare and the 
pleasure of poor suffering humanity. 
To such persons, let it be said, awake, 
shake off this. blind delusion, and go 
about performing your duty in a way 
that is pleasing in the sight of God. 

Be it far from me to attempt to 
deprive any one of a single pleasure 



that God has intended for him, but 
would that every one would awake to 
a sense of duty, so that he may make 
his fellow men happier, and in so doing 
become happier himself. "If thine 
enemy be hungry give him bread to 
eat; and if he be thirsty give him 
water to drink. For thou shalt heap 
coals of fire upon his head, and the 
Lord shall reward thee." 

My friend, does not your conscience 
smite you when you look around you 
and see the many wives and children 
suffering from cold and hunger, while 
your wardrobes are filled with good 
comfortable clothing, and no one to 
use them; and )our pantries loaded 
with the rich stores of the earth, and 
no one to eat them.'' You ran make 
many poor people happy by giving 



78 



The Elon College Monthly. 



them from your wardrobes; you can 
preserve the lives and health of many 
starving children by giving them of 
your loaded board. 

Why not give to these people in- 
stead of casting your surplus upon the 
ground, to be trodden under foot of 
man.'' In so doing you will not only 
be happier yourself but you will be a 
blessing to humanity. 

Look again into the homes of our 
country. What is the condition there.'' 
In many you find the inmates ex- 
tremely ignorant, taking no interest 
ih life or in business. Few of them 
have opinions of their own, and many 
are destitute of ambition. They are 
satisfied if they get something to eat, 
a place to sleep, and can now and then 
indulge in some form of dissipation. 

Deep down in the recesses of your 
heart there is, doubtless, a still, quiet 
voice gently telling you to lay aside 
self-aggrandizement and establish in- 
stitutions of learning for this low, 
ignorant class of mankind. 

Think of the thousands of dollars 
that George Peabody has spent for 
such purposes. He gave $125,000 for 
education at Dan vers, Mass.; he gave 
$1,000,000 for the advancement of 
learning in Baltimore; he gave vari- 
ous sums to Harvard; he established 
Peabody Institute, and has spent much 
more, all for the benefit of the human 
race. 

As an outgrowth of this, many men 
have been raised out of the mire of 
ignorance and obscurity, and have 
been placed on a level with the noted 
literary characters of our day. They 
have been aroused from their stupor 



and caused to begin life anew, deter- 
mined to make something of them- 
selves and to make the world better 
on account of their having lived in it. 
Not only has Mr. Peabody been a 
blessing to his fellow men, but he had 
the blessed satisfaction of knowing 
that his life was not a failure. 

While the social and the intellectual 
development of man is of infinite 
worth, no one can value the awaken- 
ing of the human soul. We all know 
this to be true, yet how many of us 
are willing to do anything for the ad- 
vancement of Christianity in our land? 
What a noble example do we find in 
the greatest and truest philanthropist 
that was ever placed before the eyes 
of any people! We see Him leave the 
courts of heaven and descend upon 
the earth to become the Savior of the 
world. From the very dawn of His 
existence down to the present time 
He has been a blessing to humanity. 
He has been teaching, by precept and 
example, the glorious truths of the 
gospel, thus drawing man from sin 
and superstition, and placing him 
upon a higher plane of morality. 
After spending His entire life in heal- 
ing the sick, opening the eyes of the 
blind, speaking peace to troubled 
hearts and helping sinful man in every 
way possible, this great Philanthropist 
humbly laid down His precious life at 
the foot of the cross for the redemp- 
tion of fallen man. 

My friend, because you think that 
you cannot do so much as some one 
else, is no excuse for you to sit idly 
by and leave your duty unperformed; 
but you should endeavor to improve 



The Elon College Monthly. 



79 



every talent that God in His mercy 
has given you, ever remembering this 
fact, that man looketh on the outward 
appearance, but God looketh on the 
heart. 

If you do not feel called to the pul- 
pit, you should give of your means to 
fit and prepare those who do feel it 
their duty to preach the gospel of the 
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. If you 
do not feel called to the foreign field, 



it is a duty you owe to yourself, to 
your fellow-men and to your God, to 
give unsparingly of }'our wealth to 
send missionaries to the heathens, 
that they, through the spirit of the 
Lord and through His tender mercy, 
may be brought to the light of the 
gospel and be saved from everlasting 
ruin. 

. Elitah Moffitt. 



'THE GOOD OLD TIMES." 



" Why slander we the times ? 

What crimes 
Have days and years, that we^ 
Thus charge them with iniquity?" 

The soul is never satisfied unil it is 
liberated from its tenement of clay, 
but it longs and yearns after God. 
And this is not peculiar to the Chris- 
tian's soul, but by referring to history 
you will find that in every land, in 
every age, there have been altars to 
the Known or L^nknown God. 

"It is now agreed as a mere ques- 
tion of anthropology that the language 
of the soul has always been, ' I perish 
with hunger.' There is a grandeur in 
this cry from the depths which makes 
its very unhappiness sublime." — 
{Dnimmoud). It is not strange then 
that we should long for something 
higher, nobler and better; but 'tis 
folly to propose to cure the ills of the 
present by reverting to the thought 
and life of the past. 



Only a few years ago a prize essay 
was published that had a wide cir- 
culation — "Primitive Piety Review- 
ed"; and now every little while a wail 
is lifted up over church degeneracy, 
and the "good old times" are sighed 
for. 

Now I would not claim that the 
religious world of to-day is all it 
ought to be or might be, but I hazard 
little in saying that the church has 
made definite and sensible progress 
from the first, and never was better 
than to-day. 

Never was more ignorance of the 
past displayed than by those who talk 
of the degeneracy of modern times. 

Never was the church so bright and 
fair as now, and never did the sky of 
the future redden with a more glorious 
promise of the coming day. 

Let us glance up the line of the 
ages and see something of our pro- 
gress. Take an inside look at the 



8o 



The Elon College Monthly 



church in Corinth, that Paul founded 
and established. Here is a man re- 
taining for a long time his standing, 
and threatening a division in the 
church, who is guilty of a crime so 
flagrant that now, not only would no 
church think of retaining him, but no 
decent society would tolerate his 
presence. 

Look again into the same church 
on Sunday morning; disorder and 
revelry are heard. They have turned 
the Lord's Supper into a banquet, and 
are perhaps intoxicated at the com- 
munion table. Paul writing to them 
from Phillippi reproves them thus, 
"What! have ye not houses to eat and 
to drink in.'' or despise ye the church of 
God.'' What shall I say to you.' shall I 
praise you in this.'' I praise you not." 

Come down to the year 350. The 
church historian Eusebius says the 
church, pastor, bishop and people are 
full of strife, rivalry, hypocrisy, and 
every form of wickedness. 

Then a little later Chrysostom says 
the church of his time is more like a 
market or theatre than a church. 
People desecrate the Lord's day by 
buying, selling and gossiping. He 
closes his lament by saying, "Every- 
thing is filled with their abounding 
corruption." 

In the tenth century the picture is 
drawn in no brighter colors. The 
General Assembly in Scotland in 1596 
tells us of drunkenness, gaming and 
debauchery as characteristic of the 
religion of their time. 

Even 150 years ago the minister 
and deacons took their toddy between 
sermons. It was no infrequent thing 



for reverend gentlemen to go home, 
after an evening out, with the wrong 
hat on. 

Then the people in New England 
were seated in church according to 
their wealth and social rank. Single 
men and women were seated in sepa- 
rate galleries by themselves. Benevo- 
lent and missionary societies were 
either unheard of or put aside as ques- 
tionable novelties. There were no 
religious magazines or newspapers, 
and of the many benevolent enter- 
prises of our age, scarcely one was 
existent. And yet in' spite of these 
facts, there are large numbers of peo- 
ple perpetually bemoaning our degen- 
eracy, and sighing over the departure 
of the "good old times" of our early 
American life. 

In those "good old times" men 
lived under clouds of frightful super- 
stitions, shadows of which still remain. 
Hundreds of persons, some of them 
intelligent, and numbered among my 
intimate friends, shrink from begin- 
ning any important work on Friday. 
Many will twist their necks almost 
into an attack of rheumatism rather 
than see a new moon over their left 
shoulder. 

Lord Byron would leave the table 
if salt was spilled, and Dr. Johnson 
always vvished to leave the room right 
foot first. Numbers of people to-day 
believe that the moon and stars effect 
all kinds of home and farm arrange- 
ments, from making soap to planting 
potatoes. All these are but broken 
remnants of superstitions that but a 
little while ago reigned in awful su- 
premacy of supernatural horror over 



The Elon College Monthly. 



the world. Years ago all insane per- 
sons were "possessed," and every 
black dog, cat or hen was either a 
witch or devil. And so the whole life 
was passed under a lurid cloud of su- 
perstitious terror. 

It is to modern science alone that 
we owe our emancipation from the 
yoke of this tyranny. Astronomy 
has shattered the follies of astrology; 
and eclipses, no longer moon swallow- 
ing monsters, prove to be very natural 
and well behaved shadows. And 
since , we have studied Psychology we 
know that insanity is only a disease 
of the mind to be treated, and often- 
times cured; and witchcraft is folly. 

And now let us notice social life in 
the olden times. Swearing in the 
drawing room was no uncommon thing 
ninety years ago among the first so- 
ciety people. Dean Ramsey gives us 
an anecdote that will serve to show 
how it was regarded. A sister speak- 
ing of her brother as being much ad- 
dicted to the habit, said to a friend, 
"Our John sweeres awfu' and we try 
to correct him for it," but, she added 
apologetically, "nae doubt it is a great 
set off to conversation." Indelicate 
e.xpressions, such as now no respecta- 
ble company would endure, were then 
quite common in society. Eminent 
lawyers would use language in the 
court room, in the presence of ladies, 
for which they would now be indicted 
by the sheriff. John Hancock is said 
to have made a remark at a dinner 
party that caused all the ladies at his 
table to rise and leave the room, amidst 
a roar of laughter from the gentlcvien 
left behind. It has not been so very 



many years since it was customary 
for the ladies to leave the table as 
soon as dinner was over, while their 
husbands, fathers, brothers and friends 
remained to revel in drinking, smok- 
ing, profanity, and obscene jesting 
and story-telling. 

The advance of our social life is 
marked by more purity, more intelli- 
gence and more refinement. Our 
manners have never been so sensible 
and^simple, and the means of all en- 
joyment and development have never 
been so universally accessible as to- 
day. Our educational advantages are 
so much better than those of former 
times. There has been improvement 
not only in schools of high grade and 
colleges, but in the public school sys- 
i tems especially. Free schools were 
j not very popular, as one may readily 
I infer from a remark made by Gov. 
j Berkeley, of Va., in 1675. "I thank 
God we have no free schools nor 
printing presses. God keep us from 
both." The schools as a rule were 
poor; generally the first qualification 
sought for in a school master was that 
he should be able to thrash out all 
the big hoys, and if he could do this 
and make a good quill pen he was 
counted a success. Whether his pu- 
pils learned anything or not was a 
minor consideration. 

As for the girls, one hundred years 
ago, their sphere was so definitely 
settled, and was so very narrow, that 
what and how much they knew was 
considered of very little importance. 

But happily such a state of affairs 
is now a thing of the past, and I re- 
joice to see the time fast approaching 



82 



The Elon College Monthly. 



when all our colleges will open wide 
their doors and admit them on equal 
footing with their brothers, as our own 
well-beloved Elon now does. Lead- 
ing institutions of learning in this and 
other states, are agitating the question 
of co-education, and it has been pre- 
dicted that in less than five years the 
University of North Carolina will re- 
ceive young ladies as students. May 
that prediction prove true! 

While it is nothing but right that 
we should reverence the past as father 
of the present, yet when we compare 
the affairs of church, society and state 



of former times, to those of to-day, 
no one can reasonably think that the 
"good old times" were better. I can- 
not believe that God is suffering the 
world to grow worse, and if it is 
growing better let us not cling so 
tenaciously to the past, as to have no 
hands to grasp the good the future 
will bring to us. 

"No longer forward nor behind, 

I look in hope or fear, 
But, grateful, take the good I find. 

The best of Now and Here." 

Alberta Moring. 



A SHAMEFUL DESTITUTION. 



Very seldom do people possess all 
they need in this life,' and it is equally 
seldom that people use rightfully what 
they do possess. The majority of 
men are lazy mentally, and this is 
especially so among the uneducated. 
It takes long continued mind-training 
to make one delight in mental work, 
and he who has not had the advantage 
of an education cannot be expected 
to do much thinking, unless you call 
aimless imaginary day - dreaming 
thinking. Thus it is that the unedu- 
cated are so easily led by the educa- 
ted, and, at the same time, so shame- 
fully imposed upon. They do not 
think, neither do they know how to 
think. They are simply like the ox 
which is hitched to the cart and 
guided in the desired direction by the 
jee jerk or haw pull of the chain around 



his horns. Sometimes that chain is 
drawn very tightly too, and has a 
cruel and exacting driver at the end. 

This is about the case with the 
farmers of the South. Ignorance is 
their .greatest enemy. Had it not 
been for their ignorance, never would 
they have been in the condition in 
which they find themselves at the 
present time. But that they are un- 
educated is an obstinate fact, and the 
worst of it all is, the majority of them 
cannot realize that they are uneduca- 
ted. If they only knew their condi- 
tion, mentally, they would not rest 
until they had made some effort to 
rescue themselves from the sad fate 
of death by mental starvation. Many 
an old farmer, with his face besmear- 
ed with a mixture of tobacco juice, 
dust, tar and grease, sits down to his 



The Elon College Monthly 



83 



meals three times a day, without ever 
thinking about his mind being starved 
into a pigmy from a lack of proper 
nourishment. There are some brains, 



workers, it is true, but the younger 
ones are they who can now do the 
most good. The farmers are being 
stirred up on this question a little, but 



no doubt, among our farmers, so small | the stirring has hardly begun, com- 



that a magnifying glass of considera- 
ble power would be required to descry 
one speck. This is strong language, 
but it describes the condition exactly. 
The farmers are not altogether re- 
sponsible for their condition. They 
have not enjoyed the benefit of edu- 



paratively speaking. Never was there 
a time when more golden opportuni- 
ties presented themselves to compe- 
tent young men and women than to- 
day. The fields are white; the harvest 
is great; but how few the laborers! 
What a grand thing it would be, 



cation and do not know how good it were the agricultural classes standing 

is. A man cannot tell anything about shoulder to shoulder with our profes- 

the merit of a thing until he tries it. sional men in point of intellect! What 

He may see its effects on others, but ! a great reform this would bring about 



he must experience it to know what 
it would do for him. This is the case 
exactly in regard to education. The 



in and around the rustic homes of our 
land! How much more intelligently 
would all our affairs, both domestic 



farmer does not by experience know j and political, be carried on! To bring 

its value, and hence does not put forth I about such a reform a great, an over- 

the proper effort to educate himself ' whelming amount of work is to be 

and his children. What the farmer done. And yet we think it will be 

lacks is an awakening to his needs, done. Great reforms are slow, but 

And this awakening will have to be when they come they are lasting, 

done by educated young men and God speed the time when the yoke of 



young women, if it is done at all. 
What we need in the field is plenty 
of young blood and enthusiasm to 
push the cause of education to the 
front. The older heads are good i 



ignorance shall be lifted from the 
necks of all who now are groaning in 
bondage! 

Herbert Scholz. 



THE TRINITY IN CIVIL GOVERNMENT. 



Without solid foundation-stones, 
the most magnificent edifice must soon 
leave but a heap of rubbish to mark 
the scene of its former beauty: with- 
out pure and honest principles, appar- 



ently strong organizations must soon 
find oblivion their final resting place, 
"theory and failure" the inscription 
upon their tombs. Just so it is with 
that great organization — the Civil 



84 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Government. There must be at the 
helm something more than a mere 
human form; the legislative halls 
must be filled by men of brain and 
stability; and the fundamental prin- 
ciples, the energizing forces, which 
underlie the governmental structure, 
must be firm and continuous through 
every struggle. Governments have 
arisen, flourished and decayed; kings 
and princes have been dethroned, and 
empires have crumbled to earth never 
to rise again; Jewish corruption gave 
birth to Gentile supremacy; where 
once stood the blessed Jerusalem of 
our Savior — that Jerusalem, the men- 
tion of whose shrines caused Jewish 
hearts to swell with pride — the lazy 
Turk now smokes his evening pipe. 
The weakness and corruption of Ro- 
man rulers needed but the shouts of 
victorious Goths to hand down to 
posterity another political warning. 
These admonitions have been heeded, 
and to-day we live under a govern- 
ment that can never be placed upon 
the catalogue of nations that were, but 
are no more, as long as our social and 
religious institutions are allowed to 
remain the uninjured pillars of our 
existence, the bulwarks that protect 
us from civil and foreign foes. 

With the modern Trinity, the Home, 
the Church, the School, as the founda- 
tions of governmental strength, na- 
tions are nourished and maintained 
upon that high plane of excellence to 
which only the most favored can 
aspire. As every student of political 
history knows, the earliest ideas of 
government were derived from the 
home. There, first, was seen the need 



of discipline and understanding, in 
order that mankind might live togeth- 
er in harmony, mutually aiding one 
another; there were developed those 
grand principles of right and justice 
which have ever protected the rich ■ 
and poor, the weak and strong, in life, 
liberty and property. There the ruler 
receives his first practical lessons in 
government, and a loving mother in- 
stills into his mind those humane and 
christian principles that cause him to 
be loved and supported by his fellows; 
there the private citizen is taught to 
know his sphere, and to be submis- 
sive to just laws, but a formidable 
check to the oppressor. It is true 
that from rostrum, bar and pulpit the 
home has received the most beautiful 
tributes; in its honor, ministrels have 
touched their deepest chords, and 
poets have sung their sweetest songs; 
yet, how inadequate are all these! 
Even when the social influences of 
the home are forgotten, and it is 
thought of only as a pillar of govern- 
ment, we feel that only angels, ac- 
companied by all the harps of the - 
heavenly shores, could sing its praises 
worthily; for there is the living centre 
from which spring noble ambitious, 
true patriotism, and manly characters; 
there virtue reigns as queen; there 
hand grasps hand, heart beats to 
heart, and soul responds to soul in 
aflfectionate confidence. May the 
words, "Home, Sweet Home," never 
fail to touch a responsive chord in the 
heart of that man who says, "I love - 
my government"; for where the family 
gathers, characters are formed; where 
the cradle is rocked, nations are born. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



85 



But the home, in order to aid the 
government more effectually, in order 
to be the more perfect in itself, must 
be surrounded by the hallowed influ- 
ences of the church. The words of 
Solomon, uttered many centuries ago, 
'Righteousness exalteth a nation ; but 
sin is a reproach to any people. " were 
true then, are truer now It is a fact 
that without the Christian religion 
Greece arose to an eminence to which 
few nations dare aspire; but within all 
that glitter of wealth, within those 
circles of literary men who fed the 
hungering Athenian mind with the 
subtleties of abstract ideas, within that 
social and political domain was a rot- 
tenness which finally changed Gre^ ian 
art and learning into Grecian slaxery 
and ruin. The Roman eagle soared 
proudly over land and sea, from 
Africa's dusky shores to Albion's 
chalky heights; the sound of a sen- 
ator's voice was sufficient to calm 
multitudes; the blast of a Roman 
trumpet, or the glare of a sentinel's 
watch-fire was sufficient to strike ter- 
ror to the hearts of outnumbering foes; 
but without a righteous people to sus- 
tain him, even a Cassar could not have 
saved her from the greedy, barbaric 
hordes that poured from beyond the 
Danube to humble her proud temples, 
and to bury that government at whose 
altar nations were won:; to kneel. She 
lacked the influence of the home upon 
her youth, the influence of the church 
upon her bod)'-politic. For all ages 
the church has had a wonderful influ- 
ence upon the State — in fact until the 
i6th or 17th century, it was almost 
the State itself. The Pope was the 



great central light before whom all 
other lights grew pale; the oppressive 
tN'rant by whose hand private citizens 
were wronged, at whose edicts princes 
trembled on their thrones. Yet, not- 
withstanding this oppression, the 
church of the dark and middle ages 
can scarcely be praised too highly, 
for, when that pall of ignorance, su- 
perstition and corruption hung so 
darkly over the whole world; when 
heathenism was advancing with float- 
ing banners, with blood-stained weap- 
ons, and with the cry of victory al- 
most upon its lips, then it was that 
the Christian church ascended the 
mountain heights of those benighted 
lands, and lighted watch-fires which, 
fed by the love of God and fanned b}- 
His hoi}' spirit, sprang into flames 
whose sparkling rays pierced the 
darkest corners, whose gentle warmth 
touched the soul of man, and sent up 
over every land the glad song, "Glory 
to God in the highest; and on earth, 
peace; good will toward men!" To- 
day, just as much as in ages past, the 
influence of the church upon our gov- 
ernment is as oil poured upon troubled 
waters. When social and political 
tempests threaten to demolish our in- 
stitutions, when infuriated mobs 
would bathe their hands in innocent 
blood, it is tlie powerful arin of the 
church that bears the flag of peace 
from State to State, from the moun- 
tains to the sea. It purifies citizens, 
refines politics, dethrones vice and en- 
shrines virtue, for where church- 
spires tower evil cannot reign su])reme. 
The third great pillar upon which 
the government rests is the school; 



86 



The Elon College Monthly 



though the last pillar formed, it sup- 
ports no mean portion of the edifice. 
Until comparatively recent times, 
uni^■ersal education was a thing un- 
known. Could we expect to find 
strong, united and lastinggovernments 
upheld by an ignorant multitude, 
when rulers, led on by avarice, re- 
garded neither God nor man.'' Could 
we expect clouded and superstitious 
minds to inaugurate plans by which 
to insure a successful existence.'' Just 
as well expect to run the Mississippi 
river into the desert of Gobi. Educa- 
tion is the guiding star of every na- 
tion; with it she may light for herself 
a name that will stand bright as long 
as the world shall stand; she can 
wreathe for herself a crown of glory 
that will rival the splendor of the 
heavens; for, in a nation where the 
home is held sacred, where the glad 
peals of church bells announce that 
God is the moving spirit, education 
adds a refinement that nothing else 
can give. Around the fireside and at 
the altar of God, the heart of man 
longs to do what will be best for his 
country; in the studio and in the li- 
brary he learns how this can be ac- 
complished; his mind is enlightened, 
his soul is elevated, and in his every 
act the purity of his character looms 
up. It casts a ray of sunshine into 
that humble cottage, and arouses 
bright intellects that seemed doomed 
to be veiled for eternity; it carries an 
electric spark that seeks the inmost 
recesses of man's soul, and throws 
into activity every element of his 
moral being. Can it be said that such 
influence upon the citizen is lost to 



the nation.'' The character of the na- 
tion is determined by that of its citi- 
zens. Let universal education be our 
aim, for there is not a man, no matter 
how humble, who does not make 
himself felt in the government; there 
is not a child, no matter how small, 
who does not have an influence upon 
the man. 

Who has studied governments and 
not ascribed their greatness to the 
home, the church and the school.-' 
They are the ever-welling fountains 
from which gush forth the life-streams 
of republics and principalities. 
Around them cluster our only hopes 
of existence, for there the germ of 
civilization is planted, and if nourish- 
ed and matured by kind, patriotic 
hands, a strong, healthy nation soon 
stands out as a monument, not of the 
death, but of the long and prosperous 
lives of the greatest fortresses of in- 
dividual liberty and national greatness. 
As some one has said, "Prosperity in 
public bodies is the effect of righteous- 
ness; public happiness is the reward 
of public virtue; the wisest nation is 
usually the most successful, and virtue 
walks with glory by her side." 

The Church, the School and the 
Home go hand in hand; weaken one. 
and scarcely less severe is the shock 
to the other two; strengthen one. and 
new life invades every fibre of the 
others; demoralize one, you demoral- 
ize the nation; demoralize all, and 
the doom of. that nation is sealed. 
Destruction and ruin are visibly writ- 
ten upon every pillar; the banners 
that once waved so proudly are now 
in tattered folds, and upon the single 



The Elon College Monthly 



87 



slab that remains to tell of her former join in harmonious union to strength- 
glory, the hand of God has written: ' en these pillars upon which govern- 
^'Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin" God mentsrest; let "Justice and Righteous- 
grant that the curse of Belshazzar and ness" be the nation's motto; and at 
his nation may never be ours, but may '. the final day of reckoning, when the 
our schools continue the fountains of [ trump of God shall summon all na- 
knowledge; may our homes remain tions around His throne in Glory, let 
unsullied as our mothers have made every voice waft on high a song of 



them, and may our churches continue 
to spread their hallowed influences 
until "every knee shall bow, and every 
tongue confess" the blessed Ruler of 
the l^niverse. Let ruler and people 



thanksgiving and praise in honor of 
our national safeguards — the Church, 
the School, the Home! 

M. 



83 



The Elon College Monthly 



EDITORIAL 



University Extension. 



Mr. R. G. Moulton, A M., of Cam- 
bridge, England, has defined Univer- 
sity Extension thus: "University edu- 
cation for the whole nation, organized 
on itinerant lines.." "But," he con- 
tinues, "when we talk of University 
education for all classes, we do not 
mean that every individual will get 
the same thing out of it. * * * "" 
University Extension teaching is a 
sort of stream that runs from the Uni- 
versity or similar institutions; the 
stream flows over the whole land, and 
every body helps himself as he wishes 
or as he can. Each helps himselfand 
can help himself only according to his 
capacity. What you have to do is to 
see that the water is pure " 

As is already known, this method 
of teaching had its origin in England 
about twenty years ago. Since that 
time it has developed somewhat 
rapidly. People in various places have 
engaged in itextensively. The benefi- 
cal results have been marked, especi- 
ally at Oxford and Cambridge. At 
these Universities the work has much 
improved and the interest has widely 
increased. In England this method 
of instruction consists of six elements: 
lectures, classes, syllabus, weekly or 
fortnightly exercises, examinations, 
and certificates. 

The first attem.pt tointroduce Eng- 
lish University Extension into the Uni- 



ted States was made in 1887 by individ- 
uals connectewith the Johns Hopkins 
University; but the system was firstes- 
tablished in Philadelphia. Since that 
time it has been introduced in various 
places, both in Northern and Western 
States. In every instance those who 
have attended the lectures have mani- 
fested interestand the organization has 
accomplished good; though, of course 
the results have been more favorable 
in some places than in others. George 
William Curtis, Chancellor of the 
Regents of the University of the State 
of New York, in speaking of Univer- 
sity Extension, said: "The develop- 
ment of the movement and its extra- 
ordinary success are the most signifi- 
cant facts in the modern history of 
education." 

And now since this system of teach- 
ing has been sufficiently experimented 
upon to prove that there are benefits 
to be derived from it, the question 
arises, whether or not it must be in- 
troduced into North Carolina. 

It is an undenied fact, that there is 
always a need for the greatest intel- 
lectual development possible. It is 
also true that the masses have not 
this development except to limited 
degrees. And now, since this system 
must and will be effective in arousing 
a thirst for knowledge, and thus bring 
about intellectual growth and develop- 
ment, it seems desirable and even 
urgently needful that our educated 



The Elon College Monthly. 



89 



men and women hasten to introduce 
University Extension into our cities, 
towns, villages and rural districts. 

Like all other things of value, there 
will be some expense in the organiza- 
tions; but capital invested under the 
right leadership, will doubtless }-ield 
a large per cent, interest. 

It would be useless to enter into an 
enumeration of the beneficial effects 
in the various departments of life that 
would result from a Universit}- edu- 
cation of the masses; these can be 
readily seen; but that which is of 
especial import, is that our people at 
once set about finding out how soon, 
and by whom, University Extension 
must be introduced into our State. 
There is plenty of material and it cer- 
tainly ought to be utilized. 

Irene Johnson. 

Teachers and Teaching. 



A great complaint is made about 
the farmer's not being educated, not 
sending his children to school, not 
thinking of an\'thing outside of his 
barn-yard. It is true that the farmer 
needs to be educated; it is true that 
the man who earns his bread by tilling 
the soil is suffering from the want of 
that precious gem. education; yet, 
there are others as much or more in 
need of education than the farmer. 
Those to whom reference is made, 
are what may be termed pneceptores 
imitati. The country is full of such 
people. They try to imitate teachers, 
and to a certain degree they do so. 
The door that a teacher should enter 
they go in at; the chair that a teacher 
should sit in, the)' rest themselves in; 



but the remainder of the teacher's 
work is left untouched. Many a farm- 
er is working hard to send his son to 
school. The boy starts out in the 
morning and returns at night no fur- 
ther advanced, mentally, than he was 
in the morning. Boys go to school in 
the country ten years, then come to 
college and have to start over. A 
professor had much rather teach a 
boy that does not know anything than 
to teach one that has been taught in- 
correctly. A poorly prepared boy 
not only worries our college profes- 
sors, but he worries himself, and be- 
sides all this, it takes about five hun- 
dred dollars more to put him through 
college. It takes two years to get 
these wrong ideas out of his mind, 
and the wrong must be gotten out 
before the good can be put in, for no 
two things can occupy the same space 
at the same time. 

It is not the writer's intention to 
bring the country school teacher on a 
level with Icliabod Crane, who wpuld 
run at the very glimpse of a pumpkin; 
but it is intended to show them, at 
least some of them, that they fall far 
short of what might be termed 
a true teacher. The best step that 
these teachers can take is to corres- 
pond with college professors and find 
out what is best for their students to 
study, and prepare them for college, 
even though they may never go. 

While there is a great need for good 
teachers all over the country, of course 
it is not claimed that the plan of 
teaching in college has reached per- 
fection — its climax is yet doubtless 
far off. Our colleges have made great 



90 



The Elon College Monthly. 



advancement in the last twenty years, 
but there is plenty of room for them 
to continue to improve in the same 
ratio during the next twenty years. 
They are aware of the fact that time 
is precious and are striving for meth- 
ods that will economize time. Why 
is it that the German and French 
youths of eighteen are advanced two 
years further than our students of the 
same age, both being in school the 
same number of years.' Is it because 
they are naturally brighter, apter than 
the Americans.'' Does the climate or 
the food make the difference.^' No, 
these are not the causes. It is because 
their schools are far superior to ours 
Europe will continue to be ahead of 
us until we pay more attention to 
teaching and pay our teacher's better 
salaries. It is an absurdity for a young 
man to spend two thousand dollars on 
an education and then gointoaschool- 
room and teach for four hundred 
dollars a year. The majority of clerks 
get better wages than this, and they, 
as a rule, have spent little on educa- 
tion. 

A very important thing in teaching 
is to have a just appreciation of the 
relationship existing between the 
teacher and pupil. A teacher's kind- 
ness towards his students is never in 
vain. He should not feel that by vir- 
tue of his position he is out of reach 
of his student. In the student there 
may be even greater genius than in 
the master, needing only kind hands 
to nourish it while it is young and 
tender. 

Did not Aristotle become a greater 
man than his master.'' Was Bacon 



ever under a school master that ex- 
celled him in intellectuality.? The 
true teacher seeks to get very near 
his students. He makes them feel 
that they are men, who are expected 
to think and to act for themselves. 
He does not appear to them to be a 
hard master, who takes delight in 
making them do as he wishes, but he 
comes to them as an adviser, as an 
elder brother — thus performing most 
successfully the blessed mission that 
has been entrusted to him as the di- 
rector of 'youthful genius. We are 
glad to say that our teachers love us 
and we love them; and the existence 
of that mutual love and confidence 
between teachers and students at Elon 
inspires us to greater and nobler ef- 
forts. 

Ed. Everett. 

The Prospective Good in Present 
Agitations. 



In the history of governments there 
has, perhaps, never been a time when 
the question of internal agitations has 
reached the proportions that it has at- 
tained to-day. In republics and in 
monarchies, limited and absolute, are 
heard the clamorings and clashings 
ofindividual and class interests. These 
are no longer the underground mut- 
terings of social tempests forming and 
writhing in secret places, awaiting a 
favorable opportunity to burst forth in 
all the hideous phases that an ignorant 
and down-trodden populace can origi- 
nate; but they have germinated, 
grown and ripened before the eyes of 
the world. They are the natural out- 
growth of existing conditions and 



The Elon College Monthly. 



91 



surroundings, and can never be other- 
wise until rulers and princes recognize 
as a common inheritance of mankind, 
certain rights and privileges that are 
as inalienable to the governed as to 
the governer. But as long as human 
nature remains as it is now, as long as 
public men allow themselves to be 
swayed by the money powers, the 
high ideal of political equality can nev- 
er be attained. No nation has ever 
yet existed without its social troubles, 
and whether or not such a nation will 
ever exist is of course beyopd human 
knowledge. It is notoir purpose now 
to discuss this phase of the question; 
nor will we attempt to prove the jus- 
tice or the injustice of any class claim ; 
nor is it our intention to deal with the 
doubtful question of success in any 
class or party organization. But tak- 
ing the condition of things as we find 
them, we wish to notice a few of the 
good infiiienccs that must necessarily 
come out of them. 

It is evident to all that the poorer 
and less informed classes, reasonably 
or unreasonably, think that they are 
sorely oppressed. This has, in all 
countries, given rise to the open pro- 
tests of these classes against the 
wealthier, more influential and better 
informed. Thisassertion of what they 
feel to be God-given rights and pri- 
vileges brings them into direct contact 
with the principles upon which gov- 
ernments are founded, and with the 
more intelligent classes who formulate 
laws, interpret them and enforce them. 
It is in accordance with an inevitable 
natural law that we become more and 
more like those with whom we are in 



constant intellectual contact. Ignor- 
! ant men who are oppressed, after a 
while begin to realize this oppression, 
and the}' begin to try in their feeble 
way to fortify themselves against it. 
In order that they may be successful 
in the attainment of their object, the 
first most natural -thing for them to 
do is to inform themselves as well as 
possible upon public questions; and to 
study the secret of the successes of 
other classes. They begin to take 
the newspapers, the great popular 
educators, and by reading them close- 
ly, and by studying the issues there 
set forth in a practical light, they 
learn what they want, what they need 
and how to get it. As to the justice, 
or the moderation of their claims, or 
as to the advisability of their methods, 
as has already been stated, we have 
nothing to say. Time onl}' will prove. 
But, in order to see the extent of the 
enlightening influences of these popu- 
lar protestations, we have only to 
notice for a moment the intellectual 
condition of the farmers of the United 
States to-day as compared with their 
condition only a very few years ago. 
Whereas, a short time ago we found 
them ignorant and unconcerned about 
questions of public interest, we now 
find them, at the bare mention of a 
national issue, take hold of it with 
eagerness, and discuss it in a most in- 
telligent and sensible manner, though, 
perhaps, sometimes blinded by false 
representations and exaggerations of 
their popular leaders. Can such an 
intellectual awakeningamonga hither- 
to comparative!)- indifferent class be 
without its good influence upon the 



92 



The Elon College Monthly. 



nation? The better informed the 
masses are, the easier it is to make 
just and satisfactory laws, and then 
to enforce them after they are made. 

But outside of the influences upon 
the individual claimant, we can un- 
mistakably perceive improvement and 
advancement in the administration of 
government itself Rulers, finding 
that the eyes of a populace, jealous of 
their every right, are steadily fixed 
upon them, will necessarily be more 
discreet in their actions, and less ab- 
solute and unreasonable in their ex- 
actions. They come more and more 
to recognize the existence of those 
rights and privileges that seem to be 
divinely appointed to every man. 
European tyrants have felt the force 
of a more enlightened public senti- 
ment, and have maintained their 
existence only by the power of armed 
millions; and even with these formid- 
able supports to back them, conces- 
sions have been found necessary to 
calm a clamoring multitude. Brazil- 
lian emperors and presidents have 
successively curbed inordinate ambi- 
tions, and subordinated a warped 
private judgment to an enlightened 
and progressive public sentiment. 
America's millionaires, her only ab- 
solute monarchs, have doubtless 
reached the zenith of their power, and 
are now maintaining a struggling 
existence only by means of vast mon- 
ey expenditures that will not long be 
able to stem the mighty tide of op- 
position that is setting in from all 
sides, originated and supported by the 
minds and hearts of a determined 
populace. 



Not claiming that any one immedi- 
ate object of any class will ever be 
attained, we are not blind to the fact 
that out of these strifes and conten- 
tions there will proceed a vast amount 
of good to the world as a whole. 
Minds that have so long been chained 
by the bondage of ignorance, re- 
joice in the light of a new political 
experience; governments that have 
never known justice and equality, 
cease to tyrannize over an enthralled 
people, and re-establish themselves 
upon the.solid rock of equal rights to 
all and special privileges to none. 

X. 



The Secret of a Poor Boy's Success. 

The secret of a poor boy's success 
is not recognized, or if it is recognized 
it is not appreciated by a great many 
who wish to be successful in accom- 
plishing the most good. Many parents 
do not appreciate it even if they re- 
cognize it in rearing their sons. 

That the majority of the most use- 
ful men, not only of the United States 
but of the world, were poor boys is an 
axiom. There is a reason why this is 
so. Is it because poor boys as a rule 
are more talented than the sons of 
wealthy parents .'' In a short editorial 
we can only present a few facts that 
may be of some benefit to some, pa- 
rents especially, who by meditating 
upon them may arrive at some con- 
clusions that will, if carried out, assist 
them in training their sons so that 
their lives may be of the greatest pos- 
sible good to both State and Church. 

The boy who inherits nothing but 



The Elon College Monthly 



93 



common sense, and a generous dis- 
position must. "if he rises to eminence 
and renown, overcome many difificul- 
ties and climb many rugged heights 
that the boy born and reared in opu- 
lence never sees or dreams of. Were 
it not for the honors and influence that 
have rewarded poor boys of the past 
for their efforts, there would be far 
less encouragement for the average 
poor boy of the present. But, if this 
source of inspiration were removed, 
there yet remains a natural law of de- 
velopment which is the greatest secret 
of a poor boy's success. Oppression, 
when not so severe as to exterminate, 
is a source of true development. The 
oppression that was inflicted upon the 
church of Christ in its infancy only 
spread the gospel and developed the 
beauty and holiness of Christ. The 
opposition against the Catholic church 
in the United States to-day is extend- 
ing the grasp of that church and fas- 
tening its clutch upon our people. 
Had there been no oppression doubt- 
less Salt Lake City would have been 
inhabited by Christians instead of 
Mormons. Were it not for the op- 
pression of financial embarrassment 
in youth the latent energies of many 
a brilliant mind would lie dormant 
during life; but this oppression bursts 
the bonds of external indolence and 
slothfulness, and as new energies are 
awakened, all the virtuous qualities 
are exposed which, through necessi- 
tated activity, result in developing the 
well rounded man. Financial embar- 



rassment to the poor boy who would 
make a man of himself is what the re- 
finer's furnace is to the ore. See him 
as he enters college. How industrious 
he is! how honest! how economical! 
how carefully he watches the building 
of his character which is his only life- 
boat. When in seclusion he goes to 
meditate and to cast the heavier bur- 
dens upon his Elder Brother, he finds 
consolation and the sweetest comfort 
in these words: "A good name is 
rather to be chosen than great riches." 
You may say that this is not applicable 
to all poor boys. Indeed it is not, 
neither do all poor boys make good 
and noted men. 

Luxury is such a noted breeder of 
indolence and prodigality, and human- 
nature is so perverse that it is almost 
impossible for a boy so to use a copi- 
ous supply of money and the most 
favorable opportunities for the proper 
development of his body, mind, and 
soul that they may result in the no- 
blest attainments. 

Every parent should be able to dis- 
criminate between those favors which 
shall ultimately result in the highest 
possible good to his son and those 
which, in the present, are apparently 
for his benefit, but in after life are 
detrimental to the accomplishment of 
the true Christian gentleman. In 
short the great secret of a poor boy's 
success comes through poverty's les- 
sons in self reliance and the necessity 
of a proper regard for the truth. 

W. P. Lawrence. 



94 



The Elon College Monthly. 



EDITOR'S STUDY. 



It will readily be remembered how 
much "arbitration" was talked of and 
written about, some two years ago, 
when the great Convention of the 
nations assembled at Washington City. 
Some of the newspapers and orators 
of the day saw in this convention, as 
they said, the dawnings of a new era 
in the world's history — an era of good 
feeling, when war should be no more, 
and the slaughter of man by fellow- 
man should only be a thing of histo- 
ry. We were told that "arbitration" 
would settle all difficulties and that 
peace and harmony would reign su- 
preme, and that virtue, not war dogs, 
right, not gun powder, would keep 
incessant vigil over the boundaries of 
the nations and the harmonyof the 
world. And now, brethren of the 
quill and orators of the stump, of what 
avail has been your predictions and 
where now is your arbitration.'' Has 
Europe heeded, accepted the advice, 
and decided that nineteenth century 
arbitration is more powerful or more 
amicable than fourteenth century 
military drill and sixteenth century 
gun-powder.-* If so, why does she not 

"Flin;^' down th • ^Miinlltt to the lluns, 
Destroy her knap-sicks, Sfll her guns," 

break up her naval stores, go home 
and rest.'' Why does she from sun to 
sun march her millions of men upon 
the field, go through her "sham" bat- 
tles and sleep thousands of souls every 
night upon their arms, ready to spring 



to the fight, enter the battle field at 
the first trumpet's blast, in the twink- 
ling of an eye? Why does she spend 
her millions every year, supporting 
and equipping the most splendid army 
the world ever saw.^ No expenditure 
is considered extravagant among the 
nations of Europe, which goes to sup- 
port her magnificent armies and sup- 
ply them with all the improvements 
and inventions which modern genius 
and developed science have been 
enabled to devise for the destruction 
of lives and the annihilation of prop- 
erty. A strange idea of "arbitration," 
this. No, the Utopia is not yet found, 
nor are men born old, virtuous or 
wise. 



The political situation of our coun- 
try just now is certainly one sufficient 
in its complexity to puzzle the wisest 
and baffle the wits of the most saga- 
cious. The year 1892 has opened, 
but it brings no key, offers no clue, to 
the mysteries veiled in the 4th of No- 
vember. Who can even tell what 
will be the platform of either of the 
two great political parties for the 
coming election.'' Blaine, with his re- 
ciprocity, is the acknowledged leader 
of his party, "provided his health 
would adtnit." But somehow or oth- 
er the great statesman gets sick.very 
often and his reciprocity languishes 
awhile and his little bit of "arbitra- 
tion" with Chili didn't seem to work 



The Elon College Monthly 



95 



half fast enough! So we do not know 
what kind of an effect these little plays 
may have upon "uncle Jim's" career 
and prospects. And then what about 
President Harrison's "Tanner-Raum 
rapid pension" and high tariff record? 
Will the people be sufficiently educa- 
ted in these by next fall to desire to 
continue business along the same line 
as in the past four years? Who knows? 
But how about the Democratic out- 
look? Is their sky clear, and no sign 
of a tempest ahead? If so, or if not 
so as for that, who is going to steer 
the helm of that quietly sailing ves- 
sel? Will it be Cleveland, or Hill, or 
who? It is true both of the first named 
met at the cradle and probably kissed 
baby Ruth, but who would suspect 
that the bachelor-Governor-Senator 
would fling away his presidential as- 
pirations for the kisses of a baby? Da- 
vid R. Hill is a politician, and no 
doubt of that. He runs Tammany 
Hall and Tammany Hall runs him, 
which being interpreted means New 
York State is run to suit the desires 
of both and further the cause of either. 
There are few who would say that 



Hill is as strong elsewhere as he is in 
New York, but he does possess New 
York in one sense of the word, and if 
the Democrats are to win in a national 
election it seriously needs New York. 
And then there is Cleveland — straight- 
forward, bold and fearless Cleveland. 
The people loxe him and there are 
none to question his honest}', but the 
farmers say he is "off" on the silver 
question. He is not for free coinage, 
but stands for tariff reform solid and 
firm, and says this should be, and of 
a right ought to be the only issue for 
the next campaign in Democratic 
ranks. But many old line Democrats, 
especially the farming classes, sa\- 
they don't want to "play that way" and 
will not support "Ex"-Grover-Cleve- 
land on the platform which he now 
occupies. And so the puzzle might 
be traced further and further, ad ifi- 
finitum, and it would not yield its 
hidden mysteries. Time will tell the 
story, and let us hope that in the good 
providence of God the patriotism of 
the forefathers will not be lost sight 
of, nor love of country be obscured 
in love for self and fame. 



96 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Y. M. C. A. NOTES. 



At the beginning of the spring 
term we received several new mem- 
bers. 

We are now formulating our plans 
for the work of the coming year. 

The following is the list of new of- 
ficers: 

President — W, P. Lawrence. 
Vice President — J. W. Rawls. 
Recording Secretary — Elijah Moffitt. 
Corresponding Secretary — R. H. Peel. 
Treasurer — J. W. Harrell. 

We feel thankful to our Heavenly 
Father for the prosperit)' that has 
been realized in our association du- 
ring the past year. Several of our 
fellows haye been converted and oth- 
ers healed of their back-slidings, 
while many have been greatly built 
up in the knowledge and faith of a 
loving savior. 

The discussion of various questions 
on the highest social and spiritual 
developments of young men, has in- 
creased the desire for more extensive 



Bible reading and careful study of 
man's relation to Christ and to his 
fellows. But while some have been 
benefitted thus by attending the meet- 
ings regularly, there are others who, 
we fear, through carelessness and lack 
of interest in the meetings, have not 
enjoyed their part of the blessings 
that come through the Y. M. C. A. 

We have still another class of young 
men who are so much attached to 
their text-books that they hardly ever 
'have time" to attend the meetings; 
or else they have some "letters to 
write," or they "want to rest." 

He whomaketh the service of Christ 
second to any work or pleasure of 
the world, is of the world and is a 
servant of the Devil. Fellow proba- 
tioner, what will be the harvest of the 
seeds that you are sowing as the 
crowded days of your life are passing 
by.'' Where will you spend eternity.^ 

W. P. L. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



97 



LOCALS. 



Fresh. 

Snow-ball. 

Examinations. 

Old Santy has come and gone. 

One old turkey escaped the block 
during Xmas. He alarms the town. 

Miss J. is looking forward to be a 
Cooky and perhaps she will, unless 
there should come along a Xciv-vian. 

The StatL Chronicle states that the 
grip is killing horses in some sections 
It must be true, for it killed a cow 
here last week, at least we had some 
beef 2LX\y way. 

Miss P., being asked how she could 
love such a tall man as Mr. H., replied, 
"I want some one to look up to." She 
will certainly have her desire to the 
extent of about three feet. 

A Fresh, in conversation with a 
Senior used several idioms and quota- 
tions. The Senior did not seem in- 
terested and the Fresh, asked if he 
was not too idiomatic "No," replied 
the Senior, "but you are too idiotic." 

It is said that gray mules never die, 
and it certainly must be true. Mr. 
West had an old gray mule that was 
sick two or three days, and it kept so 
still that he could not see it breathe; 
he thought it was dead. He tied ropes 
around its neck and had it drug to the 
woods; when night came the old mule, 



Kate, came walking up to the gate. 
Mr. W. was frightened as badly as 
/Enius, when the ghost of Hector ap- 
peared before him. He hasn't fully 
recovered yet, and when an old gray 
mule is seen in the neighborhood Mr. 
W. makes tracks. 

Mr. E.'s girl "went back on him" 
one afternoon, and the next day he 
put on an old cap and walked out 
While on his stroll he met her, and 
she asked him what he had on his 
head, and before he could reply she 
said: "I forgot; you can wear any- 
thing you wish now." The boys 
around Elon know what it means 
when a girl tells them to wear their 
hats to suit themselves. 

Durin"" the snow Mr. H wan- 



dered out of his path and accidentally 
got on the girls' side of the campus. 
A Prof, went and told him to keep on 

his own ground. Mr. H : "I beg 

your pardon. Prof., but I can't find my 
ground this morning, it is covered up 
in snow." 

An examination paper on Chemis- 
try: 

1st. Define Chemistry. — "Chemistry 
treats of the concatenations of certain 
emotions, and the ficklenesses in the 
concatenations which may come to 
pass, under certain incompositions 
of different material." 

2nd. Define Iron. — "Iron is found, 
burned in a filter and taken out in 



98 



The Elon College Monthl.y 



solid rock. Is made in two sizes, him if he thought he could love a 
The large size called horse iron; the foreigner. The Senior replied that 



small colt iron." 

3rd. Define Boron. — "Byron wrote 
in the eighteenth century. His works: 
Childe Harold and Thou art not false, 
but thou art fickle." 

4th. Define Combustion. — ''Comlnts 
to make a clamor; j>7///// to keep away. 
(I only know the derivation of the 
word. Can't give the Chemistry of 
it.)" 

5th. Define Arsenic. — "Arsenic, 
when \n an impure state is called cow- 
bov- Some of its compounds is called 
dog s-brai)i. It is poisonous. Two 
or three grains creates death, but an 
over-dose acts as an emetic. The 
antidote: When yoi; have found out 
that you have taken arsenic, take 
another big dose as quick as possi- 
ble." 



he thought it doubtful, as he had 
never loved one of his own nation. 

A Prep, goes to the store and calls 
for a groccjy of matches. 

A New Year's resolution: Mr. C- - 
resolved to sweep his room once a 
month. 

"Girls in love aint no use in the 
whole blessed week. Sundays they're 
looking down the road, expectin' 
he II come. Sunday afternoon they 
can't think o' nothin' else, 'cause he's 
here. Monday mornin's they're sleepy 
and o' dreamy and slimpsy, and good 
f'r nothin' on Tuesday and Wednes- 
day. Thursday they git absent 
minded, an' begin to look off towards 
Sunday again, an' mope aroun' an' let 
the dish water git cold right under 



I have neither given, but I haven't i their noses. Friday they break dishes, 



received any assurance. 

Yours until the final 
day of reckoning, 

HeMISSEUIT." 

A Fresh, goes to the depot, sees 
the train indicator on the side of the 
building, "Hello," says he, "I didn't 
know it was that late. My watch is 
too slow." 

An aspiring young lady in conver- 
sation with a Senior was speaking to 
him about one of her friends who had 
married a French lady. She asked 



and go off to the best room and snivel, 
an' look out o" window. Saturday 
they have queeer spurts o' working 
liked all possessed, an' spurts o' friz- 
zing their hair. An' Sunday they 
begin it all over agin." 

Prof: — Treat the spread of Christ- 
ianity among the Romans. 

Student: — In the 19th year of the 
reign of Tiberius, Jesus Christ was 
crucified. Saul and Barrabas preach- 
ed the faith in the cities of Anitoc and 
Lydia. 

S. E. Everett. 



Advertisements. 



Profit vs. Gash. 



The day for profit on many j^oods passed out with the old year, and now our highest aim 
is to convert goods into cash and be ready to open the 

Spring Dry Goods Campaign 

with goods suitable for the season. THE KNIFE HA? FALLEN on goods in our estab 
lishment and chopped off the prices so New York wholesale prices are plain to be seen. 

Dress (lOofls, Trimiis, Cloal(s, Jactt, UMerwear, Slawls 

and many other goods all going at a CLOSING OUT PRICE. Cloaks which sold for $22.00 
on Dec. 1st are novv offered at $14.00. The profit and a slice from the cost price has been 
shaven off from these goods. 

If you need DRY GOODS visit our establishment or send in your order by mail. 

RAYMOND & POWELL, 

National Bank Building, GREENSBORO, N. C. 



ORDER YOUR 



Badges, Meiali, Watctoes, 

And everytliiiig needed in the Jewelry Line from Headquarters. 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 

Our best Testimonial — Thousands of Satisfied Customers. 

SOnTHEHF JEWELRT HOUSE, 

1028 Main Street, - - - LYNCHBURG, VA. 



Advertisements. 



-SPECIALTY IN 



DRESS GOODS, NOTIONS, SHOES 

AND CONFECTIOISIERV, 
BURLINGTON, N. C. 

HOLT. WILLIAMSON & CO., 




\m 



-OF- 



BURLINGTON, N. C. 

New Store! Ne w Gooi s! New Prices! 

When you go to ELON COLLEGE call on 

HBIIIfBClIf ^ €CI. 

IF YOU ARE IN NEED OF 

Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes, Hals, Caps, 



B^Their goods are nevv and fresh and just opened. They can compete with any in prices 



Advertisements. ' 



HEADQUARTERS FOR 

EW CLOTHING AND HATS. 

We have just received our Large vStock of Fall and Winter 

Clothing, Hats and Gents' Furnishing Goods, 

AND WE HAVE EVERYTHING NEW 

LATEST STYLES OUT. 



We will sell only First-Class Goods and of the Best Makes. SCHLOSS BRO.'S & CO. 
and STROUSS & BRO.'S FINE CLOTHING for Men, and PROGRESS and the GOLD 
MEDAL Suits for Boys. In HATS we sell the celebrated MELVILLE, JOHN B. STETSON 
& CO. and DUNLAPS in Soft and StitT. In FURNISHING GOODS we have the largest 
and best line in the city. We want everybody' to come and see us and look through our slock 
when in Greensboro. You can save money by buying of us, 

Very Respectfully, 

C. M. VAN STORY & CO., 

Leading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, GREENSBORO, N. C. 

HEADQUARTERS FOR FINE CLOTHING 

AT 

F. FISHBLATE'S. 

We have just received our Mammouih F all and Winter Stock of Clothing, Hats and 
Furnishing Goods, and it includes everything in the way of Wear for Men, Youths, Boys and 
Children. We are Sole Agents in Greensboro for the following Popular, First-Class Houses: 
Strouss Bros. High Art Clothing for Men and Boys; Progress Superior Made Children's 
Knee Pant Suits; Goodman Bros. & Co.'s Extra Made Clay and Fancy Worsted Suits and 
Box Overcoats ; the World Renowned "Knox" Hats — best in the land; the Triest $3 oo 
Stiff Hats, best for the price made, and every hat guaranteed ; the celebrated Pearl Shirt Co. 
and the E. & L. Linen Collars and Cuffs. We invite all to give us a call and will treat you 
cordially and cheerfully show you through our mammouth establishment whether you wish 
to purchase or not. Yours very respectfullv. 

F. FISHBLATE, 

Salesmen : — W. R. Rankin, J. W. Crawford, J. P. Scott, D. S. Hoover, L. L. Howlett. 

I3^0ur line of Samples for Custom Work for Fall and Winter now open for inspection. 
Over 1,000 siyles to select from. 



£1IaO]S[ COIaKEIQE. 



NEVS^ COLLEGE. 
High Standard. Thorough Instruction, 



One of the Largest and Handsomest School Build- 
ings and one of the Best and Cheapest 
Colleges in the State. 



0( 



For Announcement, send to 



Rev. W. S. LONG, A. M., D. D., 

President, Elon College. N. C. 



F A flTP V fnTTn^ffnnnUT Leading ^MiHIner of Alamance Countv. Yon are 
K A H H n V rN m always welcome at her Millinery Parlor, Burlington, 
IVn 1 Jj Li . 1 IIUIUI UUil J N Q j^Tew Post Office Building. 






•>■■ ^■ 



VOL. I. 



MARCH, 1892. 



No. 7 



TPIE 



^lo9 (^Dlle^3 /T^optl^ly. 

PUBLISHED BY IPHB lilTBI^AI^Y SOGIBTIBS, 

ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 



/t-DlIU'IilAL ST'^FF. 



pRor. E. L. MOFFITT, Alumni Editor. 

Philologian Society: Clio Society: Psiphetian Society: 

\\. P. LAWRENCE. S. E. EVERETT. MISS IRENE JOHNSON. 



SirS/A'JSSS ArAJVAGEItS. 



I '/i ilologian Society. 
J. \V. RAWLS. 



Ciio Society. 
W. J. GRAHAM. 



Psiphelian Society. 
MISS ANNIE GRAHAM. 



1 lie Influence of the Government upon the Morals of the People. VV. C. Wicker 123 

i ' ■ Earliest Inhabitants of England. II— The Romans. R. H. Peei 126 

I o\v the Truth.-"': W. J. L.mne. 127 

ropul'r KiTori in Training our Girls. MkS. J. U. Newma,v 1 :S 

Why has Prose Gained the Ascendancy over P6etr>? J. H, Jones 129 

George Bancroft. J. W. Roberts .*. ., 131 

Roman Architecture. W. H. ALBRIGHT 133 

James Russell Lowell. R. T. HURLEY 134 

Editorials.— Should the Bible be used as a Text Book in. our Colleges. W. P. L.awrknce. 136 

\.ilue of Work in Prose Criticism. Irene Johnson. . . 137 

S'lmc Advant.Tges andtDisadvantages of Free Coinage of NiUi.. i.i. i>, ■■ 1, 138 

1 , North Carolina Still Too Little to Hold Her ftig Men. K. L. M \y) 

I I hangc Department 142 

\ \I ' C A \',,f,.v W I' I 1*7 



ADV.EKTlStWENTS. 




Send your Watches by Mail or Express. 



I02 South Elm Street. 



W. B. FARRAR & SON, 
Watchmakers, Opticians and Engravers, 

DEALERS IX 

WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, DIAMONDS, 

EYE GLASSES SPECTACLES, &c. 

Repairing done in all its branches. No better 
work clone in the United States. After you have fail- 
ed elsewhere, send \our work to theni. All work 
warranted. Fine work a specialty. Don't be de- 
ceived by cobhlets or botches, but be sure that you 
hnd them, and ^tt the best work. 

GIIEEN3B0I10, N. C. 



— Tate Cor., opp. Post Offlcs, 



MP 



FOR HOLIDAY PRESENTS 

CALL AT 

H. CARTLAND'S 

AND GET A NICE 

FOliR-lN-HAND OR NECK SCARF, 

Plain or Embroidered in all the latest styles. 

SUSPENDERS-ONE PAIR IN A BOX. 

UJBRELLAS AND CANES IS LATEST STYLES. 

New Store! Ne w Good s! New Prices! 

When you go to ELO.M COLLEGE call on 

HiBBIf BOW ^ €0. 

IF YOU ARE IN NEED OF 

Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes, Hals, Caps, 

BPTheir gnodi are new and fresh and just opened. They can compete with any in prices. 



T'l-^E ■ 



THE 



ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY 



Vol. I. 



MARCH, 1892. 



No. 7. 



MANAGERS NOTICE— Correspondents will please send 
all matter intended for publication to S. E. Evbrbtt, 
Elon College, N. C. 

TERMS OF tdJBSCRIPTION.— One dollar per scholastic 
issue, cash in advance. 

Remittances should be made payable to " Business Mana- 
gers of Th8 Elon College Monhlv." 



TERMS OF ADVERTISING. 

One Page, one insertion J 3 50 

One Page, ten months 30 co 

One-half Page, one insertion 2.50 

One-half Page, ten months .. 22.00 

One-third Page, one insert on 1.50 

One-third Page ten months 1400 

All business communications should he f rwarded to 

BUSINESS MANAGERS, 
Elon College, N. C. 



The Influence of the Government upon the Morals 

OF the People. 



When this subject is viewed in its 
broadest sense, it seems that it is very- 
difficult to understand all the different 
ways in which our government affects 
the morality of our people. The 
Constitution of the United States 
provides for freedom of religious prin- 
ciples, and thus we see that religion, 
perhaps, becomes the most potent 
factor in our government for influenc- 
ing our people to a higher standard 
of morality. In fact, our laws are 
made not to promote the spiritual 
welfare of men and women, but for 
the protection of society. Morality 
is all very wisely left to the churches. 
The churches, not the state, must re- 
form the various vices of our country; 
but in order for the church to accom- 
plish this end it is necessary for our 



government to provide laws that will 
act in harmony with the divine law, 
which is (or should be) the rule of 
faith and practice. When the church 
and state unite themselves upon the 
basis which Holy writ provides, then 
and not till then, can we hope for a 
high moral standard. While the gov- 
ernment claims to give perfect re- 
ligious freedom, it works in direct 
opposition to the church along various 
lines and thus gives our people license 
to perpetrate sin and immorality in 
almost any form. The church works 
to build up and the state to pull down 
the moral status of our people. The 
conclusion is that the greatest influ- 
ence that is exerted upon the morals 
of our people for good is by the 
church; and that the greatest influ- 



124 



The Elon College Monthly. 



ence for bad is exerted by the gov- 
ernment. Then the only task that 
remains to our hand is to show the 
bad influences that are felt among 
our people. One of the most enor- 
mous sins — one that is sapping the 
very vitals of morality among our 
people, and one that every man of 
self-respect and patriotism should 
frown down upon, is the Louisiana 
Lottery. It is leading thousands of 
our young men to crime of the basest 
degree. It takes bread from the 
mouths of innocent little children, 
and hunger and starvation leads them 
to crime and to ruin. Many homes 
are converted into miserable dens of 
wretchedness by the father's having 
engaged in this degraded, furious and 
diabolical sin which has so deceived 
and overcome its victim, that reason 
is dethroned and life is sacrificed. It 
is the mother of, many a rogue. 

What the Lottery is to Louisiana, 
gambling and betting is to New York 
and New Jersey. Intemperance, and 
lewd and unclean publications, are 
some of the more general wicked in- 
fluences that are robbing the morality 
of our people of its life blood. Rea- 
son and observation teach us that 
they must be attended with the most 
disastrous consequences, and it lies 
within the power of our courts of jus- 
tice to overthrow such destructive 
sins. Our government, on the other 
hand, winks at the sins and clamors 
for the taxes that may accrue from 
them, at an expense of thousands of 
human souls. This is giving religious 
freedom and legislating for a high 



standard of morality! Our govern- 
ment taxes the liquor traffic and the 
people spend $1,500,000,000 a year 
for rum. Now, if we had a govern- 
ment that worked in harmony with 
the divine law, this money might be 
used to raise the moral standard the 
worth of this amount higher than it 
is at the close of each year; and as the 
downward tendency would be taken 
away and the upward tendency in- 
creased as much, the double of this 
amount would be realized for the ad- 
vancement of our morality. How 
soon would a few such strokes as this 
tell in the moral world! Now, our 
government is guilty of all this crime, 
for it is the only power that can sup- 
press it, yet it stands in breathless 
awe at making right that which every 
christian man and woman, and God 
himself, frowns down upon as one of 
the greatest curses under heaven. 
The government of the United States 
is so arranged by the monied lords of 
our country that the rich can either 
buy the ruling officers or buy the 
votes of the people, to elect one of 
their colleagues to run the govern- 
ment for the capitalists. The poorer 
classes are led either to starve or 
to steal. This is another way in 
which the morals of our people are 
contaminated by a deadly poison. 
This breeds riots, strikes and crime 
that are deadly in their nature to both 
soul and body. Every thing that cor- 
rupts public morals is declared to be 
indictable by the common laws of our 
country. This principle has been ap- 
proved by the courts in our country, 



The Elon College Monthly. 



125 



yet this law is not enforced. The 
Supreme Court of the United States 
has time and again claimed that nuis- 
ances injurious to public health and 
morality are among the most import- 
ant duties of the government to sup- 
press. Now why doesn't our govern- 
ment come up to its duty as it under- 
stands it, artd save our people from 
moral ruin.' Bribery, money, office 
and influence all come before morals. 
Whatever is greatest in man's sight is 
what he makes most prominent in all 
his actions; and so it is with the gov- 
ernment. To-day there is something 
wofully wrong in our governnnent in 
regard to the Sabbath — a day which 
was appointed to be kept sacred. Re- 
ligion says, remember the Sabbath 
day to keep it holy; politics says, 
the world is too busy to stop for the 
observance of this day. It is expect- 
ed that the World's Fair will open on 
the Sabbath, and our government is 
the only power that can prevent it, 
but instead of uniting with religion it 
comes out and welcomes the world 
to unite with it in national Sabbath 
breaking. Our trains run on the Sab- 
bath as though there were nothing 
wrong in such action. Public works 
make no stop in some places for the | millions that are crushed down by 



single handed and very poor if it is 
necessary for him to observe the divine 
law! Such consistency! The day will 
come when such actions will cease, 
and then the rich man will lay down 
his wealth and reap his harvest of 
corruption. 

Minor things add their mite to the 
influence of our moralit\-, but they all 
tend in the same direction, and it will 
only be a matter of time when our 
remembrances will be like that of 
Greece and Rome — recorded on the 
pages of history — if there is not a 
reformation soon. The greatest prob- 
lem before the American people is a 
•■eformation of morality. When this 
comes about, we can see some per- 
manent change for good, but until we 
see this all legislation for our rights 
and prosperity as a nation must fail. 
Morality is the source of equity and 
justice, and as the stream cannot be 
pure if the source is corrupted, so will 
all our efforts for justice and prosper- 
ity be corrupted until our morality is 
made purer. The man that can solve 
the problem of purifxing the moral 
status of our people wliiie things are 
as they now e.xist, will make himself 
immortal in the eyes of the oppressed 



Sabbath day, but if an individual man 
goes to his field and works on the Sab- 
bath he is stopped. A man must be 



this mighty giant of corruption. 

W^ C. Wicker. 



126 



The Elon College Monthly. 



THE EARLIEST INHABITANTS OF ENGLAND. 



JI— THE ROMANS. 



The honor of first making known 
the island of Great Britain to civilized 
people, isduetothe great Roman con- 
queror — Julius Caesar. About 55 B. 
C, while Caesar was conquering Spain 
and Gaul, and extending his dominion 
into those countries, the soldiers being 
fond of geography and travel, and 
also possessing a love of Avar, and 
Caesar himself being anxious to ex- 
tend his dominions as far as possible, 
the attention of both the army and its 
leader was attracted to an unknown 
land, whose shores they could but 
dimly see from the northern coasts of 
Gaul. Preparations were at once made 
for an expedition to this land across 
the channel, and it is to this explora- 
tion that we 'owe our earliest knowl- 
edge of England and of its people, 
their manners and customs. 

Although Caesar was a great gener- 
al, and in most cases caused the na- 
tions with whom he came in military 
contact to yield to his sceptre at once, 
the warlike Celts for some time with- 
stood his every effort to subdue them 
and to bring them under the Roman 
yoke. Several expeditions were sent 
for the purpose of making explorations 
in this newly discovered land; but, 
not until more than a century after 
Caesar's first expedition, were they 
enabled to proceed far enough to re- 
cognize the fact that the country was 
an island. Agricola, who was then 



ruling the Roman province, drove the 
fierce tribes into the mountains, and 
built a wall across the country to pre- 
vent them from coming into the south, 
where he had planted Roman colo- 
nies. 

For nearly five centuries, England 
was to a greater or less extent under 
Roman power, and during this time 
the conquerors did all they could to 
Romanize the country. They sought 
to introduce their manners and cus- 
toms of daily life, their educational 
advantages, and their language and 
literature. But the natives were slow 
to give up their ways of living, and 
often made wild assaults and depreda- 
tions upon the Romans. They could 
never be brought so completely to 
adopt the Roman manners and cus- 
toms as had the Gauls and Spaniards 
and others who were conquered by 
the same power. 

When the Romans had satisfied 
themselves in gaining all they could 
from England, and when danger at 
home had become apparent, they 
withdrew from the island, leaving the 
natives unable to defend themselves 
against other national powers, and 
soon to be overcome by another 
enemy. 

Since there was but little inter- 
mingling of these two peoples, except 
among the soldiers and those directly 
interested in the government, the 



The Elon College Monthly. 



127 



Romans exerted but little influence 
upon the original Celtic language. 
The few Latin words left there were 
either names of towns or places, or 
words of like signification. But to 
these few Latin names, since they are 
to-day retained in our language, has 
been given the title of "Latin of the 
First Period." 

The most powerful influence, how- 
ever, which the Romans exerted upon 
the Celts, was the introduction of their 
religion. The natives were Pagans. 
Their priests were called Druids, and 
their relisfion is often called Druidism. 



The Romans introduced the Christian 
religion wherever the)- could, estab- 
lished mission points, built temples 
for worship, and sent missionaries into 
different parts of the land. By this 
means they put in motion an influence 
for good, that did not only last during 
the stay of the Romans, but continued 
to spread its influence over the land, 
and from that land, has crossed the 
mighty deep, and has caused its pow- 
er to be felt wherever the English 
speaking people are found to-daw 
R. H. Peel. 



KNOW THE TRUTH. 



Men should value the truth above all 
all things else. Seek first to know the 
truth, and draw your conclusions ac- 
cordingly, then you may be sure that 
your decisions are correct. But how 
unsafe it is to form an opinion or to 
pass a decision without first knowing 
the whole truth of the matter under 
consideration. How often do men 
make a mistake by acting without 
thoroughly investigating! How often, 
when some frivolous report has been 
circulated against our fellow-student, 
do we do him an injustice by saying 
some unpleasant thing about him, be- 
fore we seek to know whether or not 
the report is true. Would it not be 
better to know the truth before we 
speak unkindly of our fellows, and by 
so doing wound his feelings, bring a 



stain upon his character, and perhaps 
cripple his usefulness for life. If so, 
how severe are such wounds! 

Did you ever think how delicate a 
thing is good character.-* It is even 
more delicate than the tenderest flow- 
er. The slightest touch may make 
a stain that can never be removed. 
It is a very hard matter to disfigure 
the face of a sledge hammer, but how 
easy it is to ruin the point of a fine 
needle. It is just so with character. 
It is impossible to bring a stain upon 
a man who has no character. But if 
he has a good character, how easy it 
is to stain it! The finer the needle the 
more easily it can be ruined, and the 
purer and more noble the character, 
the more noticeable is its destruction. 
Then should we not be very careful in 



128 



The Elon College Monthly. 



speaking of others? Who does not 
prize good character above all earthly 
things? Who would not rather receive 
a severe wound upon his person than 
to receive a very slight one upon his 
character? 

"The lesson of speaking kindly of 
every one under all circumstances, is 
one of the hardest the world has ever 
tried to learn." That men should 
persecute those who imperil their po- 
sitions, their office, their business, 
their cherished opinions, is natural, 
but none the less a crime. Seek to 
know the truth ; let it have free course 
and cope with error. Make error 
itself, by attacking it, the means of 
making the truth known. Proclaim 



it upon the house-tops. Let truth 
speak and not keep silent! 

One of the most common ways of 
injuring others is to misunderstand 
and misinterpret their motives. Je- 
remiah's motives were maligned be- 
cause it was possible for him to have 
done what he did with bad motives, 
(Jer. jy:i2.) When there are two 
possible motives for the conduct of 
another, it is not only more charitable 
but possibly a more truthful judgment 
to impute the better motive. "Judge 
not, that ye be not judged," surely 
has a meaning, and should be written 
in capital letters, yea, in flaming let- 
ters, before us all. 

W. J. Laine. 



POPULAR ERRORS IN TRAINING OUR GIRLS. 



While it is true that America gives 
her daughters greater advantages 
than any other country, the question 
of practical education for our girls is 
one that strongly invites comment. 
The tendency at the present time, is 
too much in the direction of giving a 
superficial and almost useless knowl- 
edge of many things, while that train- 
ing which would fit her for a practical 
housekeeper is neglected. 

In some of the leading schools in 
Boston, young ladies are required to 
go through a special course in cook- 
ing before they can get a diploma. 

A wife that is entirely kitchen-bred 
cannot be a congenial companion, 



neither can one who knows nothing 
of kitchen machinery. What should 
be striven for is -a knowledge of botn. 
The time for a girl to learn culinary 
arts, is when under the supervision of 
her mother. She should not wait until 
she is married to give her husband the 
benefit of her doleful experiences. 
The disposition in the average family 
is to idolize the daughter to such an 
extent that she almost fancies herself 
a queen, and thinks manual labor 
such as her mother performs, far 
beneath her. While reclining in a 
hammock, in some shady corner, she 
dreams wonderful day dreams, fancy- 
ing herself performing great acts, like 



The Elon College Monthly. 



129 



heroines in trashy novels, her tired 
mother toils over a hot stove, cooking 
something dainty for that precious 
daughter. She views all things 
through the colored glass of what she 
desires them to be rather than what 
they really are. Many girls rest in 
calm contentment if their bread is 
sufficiently buttered and their beds 
soft enough for bodily repose. As to 
their minds and souls they are half 
asleep and do not require much atten- 
tion. 

Very few women take the trouble 
to express their own opinions on any 
leading questions. They take man's 
opinion and deem it not worth the 
while to use their own God-given 
brains beyond solving the mighty 
questions, what kind of dress they 
shall have and h6w it shall be made, 
which question it is their privilege to 
answer. But the solving such a ques- 
tion is not so intricate as to demand 
the banishment of every other idea 
from their attention. It is a girl's 
duty to make herself as attractive as 
possible, provided she consults the 
laws of nature and the dimensions of 



her father's pocket-book. Woman 
may be wise if she will, but winning 
she must be, for "woman's winning 
wisdom adds glory to the sterner 
thoughts of man." 

In many fashionable schools, girls 
are taught so many accomplishments 
"that are far from being accomplish- 
ed," that they cannot appear natural. 
Some practice a mincing step and af- 
fected smirk, which they think it be- 
coming to assume. Others consider 
a kittenish playfulnes.s and gush o{ 
manners, interspersed with tiny shrieks 
and smothered giggles "too charming 
for anything." 

Seeing fair faces so marred in ex- 
pression, girlish voices made so rasp- 
ing and unmusical, one would fain 
long for something that would hush 
them into sober thought for, at least, 
one moment. 

A young lady of natural refinement 
has unconscious dignity and repose of 
manners which will show that art and 
beauty meet as one, and every motion 
or flash of expression will be grace 
and beauty. 

Mrs. J. U. Newman. 



Why has Prose Gained the Ascendency over Poetry? 



That Prose has gained the ascend- 
ency over Poetry, has been proved by 
two works of profound scholarship 
and of equal merit. The poetical 
work, "Morris's Earthly Paradise," 
has a limited circulation and is little 
read; while on the other hand the 



prose work, "Froude's History of 
England" is found in every public li- 
brary and in many private ones, being 
extensively read by English speaking 
people. 

Now the causes of this is a question 
that furnishes gr-ound for much study 



130 



The Elon College Monthly. 



and discussion. It is generally known j 
that man first expressed his thoughts 
in verse, and that the finest ancient 
literature is left to us in that form, 
and in fact the world's finest literary 
productions ( Homer s Iliad and Odys- 
sey) are in the form of an epic poem. 
Why, then, has prose gained the as- 
cendency.-* And why is it that no more 
grand epics can be written and re- 
ceived by the people.'* In the first 
place we would say that superstition 
does not prevail as it once did, and 
superstition gives an impetus to poetry 
such as few things else are capable of 
doing. For instance. Homer repre- 
sents one of his heroes as doomed to 
wander on many unknown seas, be- 
cause he had offended some of the 
gods. He also alludes to a vast num- 
ber of deities, and represents them as 
being treacherous and changeable, 
just like mortals. Virgil also claims 
that his hero, "^neas," met and em- 
braced the ghost of his wife some 
time after her death. He also states 
that yEneas, in his meanderings over 
the tempestuous seas, found a floating 
island, which he contrived to make 
fast to two other small islands by 
means of chains. 

Virgil and Homer both claim that 
their heroes were loved and even 
wooed by goddesses. Such things as 
these stimulated the poet's imagina- 
tion, and tickled the fancy of the 
people at that time, while at the pres- 
ent day they would hardly receive a 
passing thought. 

Again, the old poets laid much 
stress on wars and heroes of war, and 



represented their heroes as making 
superhuman achievements and gain- 
ing miraculous victories. Their nu- 
merous wars gave much ground for 
the play of their imaginations; where- 
as our extended interests of peace 
deprive our would-be poets of these 
fertile fields of imagination and lofty 
flights of fancy, and cause them to 
pursue lines of work that will be of 
more practical benefit to themselves 
and to those by whom they are sur- 
rounded. 

The spirit of missions is also an 
important factor in tiiis great literary 
problem. This spirit has entered into 
the hearts of men and has thoroughly 
aroused them. They have seriously 
considered the lamentable condition 
of the heathen. They feel the eternal 
weight of dying souls pressing upon 
them, and they believe it to be their 
duty to go among those benighted 
people and lift them out of the mire 
and darkness of ignorance and super- 
stition, and set their feet upon the 
rock of eternal salvation, where they 
can enjoy the sunlight of the meek 
and lowly Jesus. For this plausible 
reason such a man as Shakespeare, 
who, with his comedies and tragedies 
pleased and excited the people; such 
as Milton, who, with his great work 
gained the applause of the world as 
being the author of the only English 
Epic; and such as Pope, who was 
lauded by all as being the greatest 
English satirist — these men, had they 
lived at the present time, instead of 
seeking fame along the lines that they 
did, would doubtless have been united 



The Elon College Monthly. 



131 



in the great work of lifting man to 
the plane from whence he fell, by pro- 
claiming to them the unsearchable 
riches of the gospel of the Son of 
God. 

Again, ever since Patrick Henry 
mounted the stand and made his un- 
dying plea for liberty and justice, 
there have been great political up- 
heavals and contentions, which have 
called for much display of oratory; 
and as prose is more adapted to hear- 
ers than poetry, these great minds 
have studied it and have given it to 
the people from the stand and through 
the newspapers, which are the great 
educators of the people. 

The great inventions and the nu- 
merous discoveries in science have 
also been great powers in favor of the 
ascendency of prose. Science has 
brought forth many hidden truths of 
nature and made them more easily 
understood than formerly, thus di- 
minishing the surplus of the great 
bank of their poetic imagination. 
These inventions have made the peo- 
ple of recent generations so practical 
that they have no time to spend in 
reading or in writing something that 



will simply please; but all are eager 
to do something that will be of prac- 
tical benefit either to themselves or 
to their country. 

There is also a greater intercourse 
between the different nations now than 
ever before. This makes them busy 
and eager for wealth, leaving mental 
pleasure entirely in the back-ground. 
This of course causes poetic geniuses 
to throw down their pens in despair 
or to pursue some other line of work, 
leaving the care of literature to the 
more practical writers of prose. 

In conclusion, we would say that 
we think it possible for poetry to be 
again in the ascendency, but not prob- 
able. If by war the whole political 
world should be revolutionized, then 
the poet would again find fields upon 
which to play his imagination and 
hearers ready to listen to his romantic 
stories of the deeds of heroes. But 
in the present progressive condition 
of nations, immortality awaits the 
man who shall in simple, practical 
prose give to the world new ideas that 
enlighten, strengthen, educate. 

J. H. Jones. 



GEORGE BANCROFT. 



In the last issue of the Elon Col- j have decided to comment further on 

LEGE Monthly we had a brief article ; what has already been stated — for 

on the life and works of Geo. Ban- j surely no man who has written a his- 

croft, the greatest of American his- ' tory of our country has been more 

torians. Not being satisfied with the j accurate; no one has given a more 

sketch, on account of its brevity, we ' detailed account of the real condition 



132 



The Elon College Monthly. 



of affairs, than the man under con- 
sideration. 

His name is familiar to every school 
boy and girl who has perused the 
regular amount of historical works, 
and who has tried to familiarize him- 
self with the colonization of our much 
beloved country. He gives us infor- 
mation on many obscure lines that 
cannot be had from any other author. 

While the principal object of his 
work was to be accurate and precise, 
it is written in a most pleasing man- 
ner, and is so clear that the humblest^ 
peasant can read and understand with 
utmost accuracy. 

No historical writer deserves more 
praise than our much beloved historian 
Geo. Bancroft. His whole life was 
spent in laboring zealously for the ac- 
complishment of the one great object 
which he had in view ere he had 
celebrated his 25th birthday. Great 
preparation was made before the at- 
tempt, but when he had begun he 
found the task much easier than was 
expected. This was the result of a 
well prepared mind. 

From him we learn the lesson of 
the necessity of well equipping our- 
selves before we attempt the great 
work which we feel we are especially 
designed to accomplish. This is one 
among many reasons why so many of 
our young men make such failures in 
life. They wish to enter upon life's 
work before the necessary preparations 
are made; and ere they are aware, 
they find life has no success in store 
for them, and they give up in despair, 
and declare to the world by their ac- 



tions that "life is not worth living.' 
When, if time had been spent in pre- 
paring for the work, success might 
have attended all their efforts. 

In addition to his principal work, 
his "History of the United States," he 
has written and presented to the 
world quite a variety of articles per- 
taining to the government and its form- 
ation. These appeared in the North 
American Reviczv and have been of 
much interest, as well as of much in- 
formation to the reading public. 

When quite young, at the age of 24, 
he set to work to translate "Heeren's 
Politics of Ancient. Greece,", and the 
happy result was the successful ac- 
complishment of his object about two 
years later. This will be of especial 
interest to those who are in any way 
connected with the political affairs of 
our country. By comparing the politics 
of ancient Greece with ours of the pre- 
sent day we can see very plainly the 
steady but radical changes which have 
been undergone. 

In the literary world Geo. Bancroft 
ranks high as an author and as a man 
of considerable talent. In the political 
sphere of activity few surpassed him. 
Many important offices pertaining to 
the government were entrusted to 
him, and the important duties thus 
assigned were performed in a most 
dignified statesman-like manner, never 
receiving the censure of not having 
done his duty. 

He laid aside his pen, so nobly used, 
and passed from earth to his reward 
Jan. 17th, 1891. Thus closed the 
existence of the greatest of America's 
historians. 

J. W. Roberts. 



The Elon College Monthly 



133 



ROMAN ARCHITECTURE. 



The architecture of the Romans 
was, in general, an imitation of Greek 
models. However, the Romans were 
not merely imitators; they reared 
their buildings in a somewhat differ- 
ent manner from those of the Greeks. 
It is true that they modified the archi- 
tectural forms to some extent and 
employed the arch, which was scarce- 
ly ever constructed by the Greeks, 
and by so doing the Roman builders 
vaulted the roofs of the largest build- 
ings as well as the aqueducts and 
bridges. 

The early temples of the Romans 
were copied from the Etruscans, those 
of the latter being modifications of 
the Grecian architecture. The best 
example of ihis style of sacred edifices 
is the Pantheon, at Rome, which has 
been handed down to our time in a 
state of wonderful preservation. 

The first stone amphitheatre was 
commenced by Flavius Vespasian, 
but better known as the Colosseum. 
In some respects it surpasses any 
other structure ever built by man. It 
covered about five acres, and seated 
eighty thousand persons. The mighty 
proportions of the Colosseum has en- 
abled itto withstand all the agencies of 
time which have been at work upon it 
through so many centuries. On many 
public occasions it was splendidly fit- 
ted up with gold, silver or amber 
furniture. 



There is scarcely any characteristic 
of the Romans that expresses the 
spirit of the people more than their 
military roads. Radiating from the 
capitol a perfect net work of admira- 
ble construction, that up to this time, 
in their dilapidated state, excite the 
wonder of modern engineers. These 
military roads were carried forward, 
as nearly as possible, in straight lines 
and on a level, mountains being 
pierced by tunnels, and valleys crossed 
by massive viaducts. Along the prin- 
cipal roads were placed temples, tri- 
umphal arches and sepulchral .monu- 
ments. 

To supply a large city with abund- 
ant and wholesome water is a task of 
no less difficulty than importance. 
Aqueducts were constructed on the 
most stupendous scale, and the capital 
was better supplied with water than 
any other great city of ancient, or 
possibly, of modern times. 

The Thermae were constructed on 
the grandest scale of refinement and 
luxury. The Baths of Caracella, at 
Rome, contained sixteen hundred 
rooms, adorned with precious marbles. 
It is said that the fixtures of the baths 
were silver plated, and in some of the 
rooms were solid silver. 

Magnificent palaces were built by 
the Caisars. Of these the Golden 
House of Nero, begun on the Palatine 
and extending by means of interme- 



134 



The Elon College Monthly. 



diate structures to the Esquiline, is a 
familiar example. 

Among all people, whatever be 
their standing in the scale of civiliza- 
tion, there is found a sentiment which 
prompts them to try to perpetuate 
the memory of the leading events in 
their history by means of commemo- 
rative monuments. The erection of 
triumphal arches at the entrance of 
cities and across streets and public 
roads, in honor of victorious generals 
or emperors, or in commemoration of 
some great event, was peculiar to the 
Romans. 

The Romans in their earliest times 
seem to have buried their dead, but 



afterwards cremation became com- 
mon. Appian Way was dotted with 
sepulchral monuments for several 
miles, and many of these monuments 
?,re still standing. These memorial 
structures were as different in design 
as are those in our cemeteries at the 
present day. 

The elegance of the central halls 
with their lofty arches and fretted 
domes and well-proportioned cham- 
bers, though injured by time and ne- 
glect, all accord with the story of 
Rome's being anciently the abode of 
royal architecture. 

W. H. Albright. 



JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL. 



One of the brightest and most illus- 
trious figures in America's literature 
has passed away, after giving to us in 
prose and in poetry many a thought 
which glows with the brilliancy of a 
noon-day's sun. There are but few 
men whom we can pay so high a com- 
pliment, as to say, after their voices 
have been stilled in death, that their 
names will live forever. After a man's 
long labors are ended and he has been 
called to join that innumerable throng, 
it causes us to recount his deeds. 
America has recently lost one of her 
most gifted sons; but Mr. Lowell will 
be remembered in both England and 
America long after a large number of 
those are forgotten who have attract- 



ed much more public attention than 
he ever did. He was in the truest 
sense a patriot; and as long as we are 
interesting to ourselves or to our coun- 
try his works will be read. Lowell 
was for nearly half a century critic, 
poet, teacher and man of affairs. It 
has been said that he would have been 
a far greater man in the eye of poster- 
ity, in any one of these lines, if he had 
shut himself up and concentrated his 
whole mind upon it. But such criti- 
cism is unjust, for we are what our sur- 
roundings and our temperaments 
make us. 

And like all interesting literary 
figures, Lowell is full of implied as 
well as uttered relations to the condi- 



'T 



//-^ 



The Elon College Monthly. 



135 



tion that engendered him. Lowell 
ranks annong the students of the 
world's best literature. He was a 
profound scholar, thoroughly ac- 
quainted with Latin, Greek and with 
all the principal languages of Europe. 
American history furnishes no example 
of an entireconsecration to intellectual 
effort more illustrious than the life of 
James Russell Lowell. He devoted 
many hours every day to the earnest 
pursuits of knowledge and self-culture 
and, as a result, ranks among the first 
of American poets of his generation. 
He taught his first lesson in poetry, 
and it is doubtless as a poet that his 
name will be preserved. His writings 
contain exquisite descriptions and 
poetical fancies. His sentences are 
clothed in such well selected words 
that they can be easily comprehended. 
We never find such sentences in 
Lowell's writings as De Quincy said 
•'would splinter the teeth of a croco- 



dile." His prose style displays his 
marked individuality. His versatility 
and richness of expression will doubt- 
less imprint his name on the scroll of 
ages. He displays a beautiful exam- 
ple of his originality and depth of 
noble feeling in his Bigeloiv Papers. 
His poetry will give him a place 
among the first poets of his country. 
The Commemoration Ode is a master- 
ly production and abounds with pas- 
sages of great force and beauty. 
America has honored him for his 
greatness. In 1877, he was appointed 
Minister to the Court of Spain. Again 
in 1879, he was appointed Minister to 
England, besides occupying many 
other positions of trust and honor. 
Although his body is numbered with 
the past, his works will live on; and 
his character will stand out as a guid- 
ing star to the generations that are to 
follow him. 

R. T. Hurley. 



/? '2^ H"^^^ 



136 



The Elon College Monthly. 



EDITORIAL 



Should the Bible be Used as a Text 
Book in our Colleges? 



In every phase of national progress 
there are periods when the course of 
development needs to be modified in 
order that the safest course may at all 
times be pursued. 

In the development of the schools 
in America we find that there are in- 
fluences at work endeavoring to over- 
throw the educational and religious 
liberty of the country, and doubtless 
the government itself. The most an- 
tagonistic of these influences is the 
Catholic Church, with its tyrannical 
doctrine. It is gaining strength very 
fast in the United States. It is sup- 
plying many of the schools with teach- 
ers, who teach the rising generation 
that the elimination of the Bible from 
among the people would be a bless- 
ing. They claim that the Bible is a 
blessing as long as no one has the 
privilege of reading it except the 
officers in the Catholic Church; in 
other words, they claim that it is a 
national curse for the uninspired and 
the illiterate to read the Bible. We 
find the minds of our people ready to 
■grasp this theory and to put it into 
practice by joining the Catholic 
Church. The practical reasoning of 
a nation is the pivot upon which turns 
the destiny of that nation. Is the 
practice of our country what it ought 



to be, when it teaches that the Bible 
is the Book of books and at the same 
time does not prize it highly enough 
to have it used as a text book in the 
schools.' Can such a weak point in 
our judgment withstand the quiet, 
but firm and constant, attack of the 
Catholic Church? Some predict Cath- 
olic supremacy before many more 
generations shall have lived, and with 
it the destruction of our religious and 
educational liberty. Some of our best 
institutions of learning have already 
adopted the Bible as a text book. In 
these it seems to have carried its 
purity and holy influences into the 
midst of the student-body at once. 
It was recently added to the curric- 
ulum of our State University. The 
moral status of the students in that 
institution has been greatly improved, 
we are inclined to think, by a stronger 
regard for the Bible and its teachings, 
brought about in a great measure 
through the influence of the Y. M. C. 
A., which urges the careful study of 
the Bible. One item of President 
Winston's report before the Annual 
Meeting of the Trustees of the Uni- 
versity, in Raleigh, February 18, 1892, 
shows how excellent and worthy of 
emulation by colleges and schools, are 
the morals of the students of that in- 
stitution. Two young men v/ere dis- 
misr.ed from the University last fall, 
one for the maltreatment of a new 



The Elon College Monthly. 



137 



student, the other for becoming intox- 
icated while on a visit to Raleigh. 
The offense of the former called the 
student-body together in mass meet- 
ing, where the affair was discussed 
and declared worthy of punishment. 
Some object to the use of the Bible as 
a text-book on the ground that it is 
not suitable. Where can be found 
any language that is more beautiful 
and sublime than that of David in the 
23rd chapter of Psalms.-* Where can be 
found better examples of similes, met- 
aphors and allegories than in the lan- 
guage of Christ.^ What life is better 
as a biographical study than the life 
of Daniel or David.' Where are better 
lessons in both civil and moral gov- 
ernment than in the history of Israel.^ 
Where is better philosophy than in 
the writings of Solomon.? 

To-day the American stands sur- 
rounded by the fullest educational 
liberty in the world, and he proudly 
boasts of the stability and freedom of 
the republic. But in the mean time 
there are evils gnawing the vitals of 
our freedom. They are working as 
in the night-time, when no eye dis- 
cerns nor ear hears. They are silent 
forces, whose efTect will be seen and 
felt when the morning dawns upon 
our inactive virtues. Let the bible be 
taught in the public school, in the 
high school, in the college, in all our 
institutions of learning. When this 
is done the Church will receive a pow- 
erful support from the school, and the 
antagonistic influences of theCatholic 
Church will be feared and felt far less. 
W. P. Lawrence. 



Value of Work in Prose Criticism. 



"The crowning excellence in com- 
position is naturalness." "Art at its 
highest and nature at its lowest are 
one." If this be true, then such means 
mu.st be resorted to as will bring about 
this naturalness; and there can be 
found no more excellent or more ef- 
fectual way than careful and thorough 
work in prose criticism. After a care- 
ful study of all the principles of Rheto- 
ric, then, in order to receive benefit 
from this study, these principles must 
be applied. And such application is 
the very thing done in prose criticism. 
The pupil notes carefully whether the 
author has fulfilled or violated the 
rules of Rhetoric. By this, the rules 
are impressed upon the mind and their 
correct application is also learned. 
Moreover, by the written critiques, ab- 
stracts, and biographical sketches, the 
student becomes so well drilled in the 
application of the principles that the>' 
become almost second nature; and 
then his composition will have reach- 
ed that ideal point — naturalness. 

By writing critiques, the student be- 
comes not only a good writer, but a 
good critic, and his taste so cultivated 
that he can discern the beautiful in 
all discourse. He will no longer feel 
so wretchedly ignorant when asked 
to give his estimate of a writer or 
speaker, or of any discourse; for he 
will know how to criticise truly. He 
will become a close and quick obser- 
ver, which is truly a characteristic to 
be carefully sought after. Such a per- 
son gets more out of life than one who 



138 



The Elon College Monthly. 



is so slow to observe what he comes 
in contact with. 

By writing abstracts, the student 
learns to condense his own thoughts 
and to observe carefully and judicious- 
ly the thoughts of others. Often it is 
extremely important to put "much in 
a little." Some people are judged by 
this very thing. This skill in writing 
or speaking should be diligently 
sought by every student. 

By writing biographical sketches, 
he becomes well versed in literature; 
and a knowledge of the best authors 
never fails to awaken in one a thirst 
for a perusal of their works. And thus 
he becomes thoroughly acquainted 
with the styles of others and acquires 
both a style and an extensive vocabu- 
lary for himself 

By criticising the thought, the stu- 
dent becomes a better logician, and 
logic is what the world is seeking for. 
No other mind is more needed in the 
world than that of the true logician. 

By work in prose criticism, one ac- 
quires a pure diction and becomes 
capable of expressing his thoughts 
both readily and accurately, and by 
an extensive study of the works of the 
standard English writers, his thoughts 
are made more prolific and his inven- 
tive powers wonderfully strengthen- 
ed; and the final result is, a broad and 
well-rounded man. In fact, it appears 
that of all the work in the whole col- 
lege course, no partismore productive 
of good to the student than that spent 
in this way.- It is not only beneficial, but 
is very enjoyable. The student awaits 



the hour of recitation with a feeling of 
real pleasure. 

In many of our leading institutions 
of learning, higher work in English 
has been sadly neglected; but it is 
noted with gladness than in some of 
our colleges the English course is be- 
ing raised, and this is certainly worthy 
of approbation, for if they wish to send 
out thorough scholars, they should 
devote a long while to the work in 
prose criticism. 

Irene Johnson. 

Some Advantages and Disadvantages 
of Free Coinage of Silver. 



Some exclaim: "We must have 
more money; it is necessary to our 
progress and our prosperity. It is 
necessary that the currency of a coun- 
try should keep pace with its growth 
in population and its business." Oth- 
ers may say: "We are satisfied with 
the money we have." It seems there 
are some good reasons why we should 
have more money. The wealth and 
population of the United States are 
certainly increasing, and is it not rea- 
sonable that we should have more 
money in order that the currency may 
keep pace with the increase of the 
wealth and population of the country.^ 
It is a true maxim that abundance of 
money makes high prices for products, 
and, vice vej-sa, a scarcity of money 
makes low prices for products. 

Well, if there is plenty of money in 
circulation, what class of people is 
benefitted.'' We are forced to say, "the 
farmer, of course." Is not that the 



The Elon College Monthly. 



139 



class that needs help? The farmer for 
the last twenty five years has been 
falling back financially. No law seems 
to be in his favor, but on the other 
hand our laws have a tendency to pull 
him back and give all classes of peo- 
ple the advantage over him. 

Seeing that the wealth and products 
of the United States are increasing 
and the currency remaining the same, 
it is evident that the farmer has to 
dispose of his products at low prices 
and the laborer toils for small wages. 
The farmer has been faithfully work- 
ing under such disadvantages, until 
he has fallen in debt; his farm is 
mortgaged; some one has a note for 
his horse; he can get nothing to put 
on his farm; he cannot buy anything 
to supply the wants of his family with- 
out credit, or without making over 
his crop. 

At the present, the farmer is in a 
critical condition; and something must 
be done or he will necessarily die of 
hunger and in debt. Now, what would 
free coinage of silver do for the agri- 
culturist.' Would it enable him to 
throw off the iron-clad mortgages 
that now hold him in subjection.'' It 
would. His cotton would sell for 
three and four cents per pound morfe; 
his pea-nuts would advance in price; 
all the products he has would sell for 
a thi'-d more. Under these circum- 
stances he would be able to pay his 
debts and feci encouraged in his work. 
A debt of a hundred dollars could be 
paid then as easily as a debt of sixty 
dollars now. 

While the farmer and the debtor 



would gain a great benefit by the free 
coinage of silver, the creditor would 
lose. Why so.-* Suppose Mr. A. lends 
Mr. B. a hundred dollars in 1890 and 
in 1892 the free coinage of silver is 
passed, is it just that Mr. B. pay that 
debt with a hundred dollars of free 
coinage? In other words, if you had a 
horse and were offered a hundred dol- 
lars for it in 1891, in 1892, when there 
is more money in circulation, would 
you be willing to take a hundred dol- 
lars for it then.-* Certainly not. True 
it is, while it would be an aid to one 
class of people, it is a draw-back to 
another. What does the genius, 
Shakespeare, say.-* 

"He that is robb'd, not wanting what is stolen. 
Let him not know't, and he's not robb'd at all.'* 

There are creditors that would not 
feel this change — could not realize 
that they had unjustly been deprived 
of some of their wealth; but because 
they have plenty of money and wealth 
are the poor justifiable in taking this 
in. an unjust way.-" No, other means 
must be sought by which the poor 
must be helped. 

'•Poise the ranse in iu'^tice's equal scales, 

Whose beam stauds sure, whose rightful cause prevails. " 

Ed. Everett. 



Is North Carolina Still Too Little to 
Hold Her Big Men? 



This question often comes to us 
when wc hear of the remarkable suc- 
cesses of Carolinians, who are now 
scattered over different states of our 
Union. That something has hereto- 
fore been the matter somewhere can- 



140 



The Elon College Monthly. 



not be denied. We know too well 
our past record in this respect. From 
the very first period of our existence 
as a State, North Carolina has been 
the cradle and the play-ground of 
greatness, but how often has this ger- 
minating greatness been transplanted 
into other States for vigorous develop- 
ment and for ripened maturity to dis- 
play themselves! Presidents have 
been born here, but we held them 
only in embryo. Other States have 
had the honor of developing in them 
those traits of character and those 
powers of mind that have fitted them 
for occupying the Presidential Chair. 
This is an unpleasant remembrance, 
but it is one that we can not rid our- 
selves of. The fates have fixed it 
upon us, and our only consolation is 
in the hope that we may do better in 
the future. We may yet have a Pre- 
sident, Carolina born, bred and grown 
— an alluring possibility this! When 
the South, though, gets her next Pre- 
sident, it will doubtless not be North 
Carolina which has for so long a time 
been unable to retain many of her 
brightest men, but live, progressive 
Georgia, one of the few Southern 
States that have been able, by some 
means, to originate, develop and ma- 
ture their sons — to keep them ever 
loyal from the cradle to the grave. 

But it is not simply our Presidents 
that have left us. Great men in all 
all professions have found here a field 
too narrow or a home too uncongenial, 
in which to exercise and develop their 
superior intellects. Many of them 
'have gone from us, and are now mak- 



ing for themselves a lasting name, 
and giving to strangers that great in- 
tellectual and moral influence that is 
ours by right of birth, but which birth- 
right we have sold at a dear cost to 
our own glory. 

Learned divines such as Dr. Deems, 
Rev. A. C. Dixon and Rev. Thos. 
Dixon, now rank among the most 
powerful expounders of religious 
truths in the United States, but no 
Carolina congregation sits under the 
inspiration oftheir eloquent discourses. 
What a blessing it would have been 
had we been able to keep them in our 
own State, to help to build us up and 
to shed over us the influences oftheir 
intellects that are now dedicated to 
others. Surely North Carolina needs 
as good preachers as any other State; 
but heretofore we have not displayed 
that readiness and willingness to co- 
operate in religious work to such an 
extent as to satisfy the longings of an 
ambitious heart. We have not offered 
salaries sufficient to keep them here, 
and a preacher should no more be ex- 
pected to live on a small salary than 
any other man. 

Why couldn't our State furnish a 
Forum to Mr. Walter Page.-* We have 
lacked that intellectual progressive- 
ness without which we can never hope 
to take a literary stand among our 
sister States. We have been too nar- 
row in our educational systems. We 
have left poor, willing, deluded human 
ignorance to eke out a miserable exist- 
ence in what we call our back-woods 
territories, without offering the proper 
stimulus to enlightenment and learn- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



i4t 



ing. And with a disinterested and 
unsympathetic following, no man, no 
matter how earnest, powerful and 
learned he may be. can ever hope to 
accomplish much. With such sur- 
roundings he must toil on and on, 
never hoping to do himself nor his 
fellow-men justice, but must content 
himself with a narrow, weak, sickly 
intellectuality that the world will 
never appreciate. It is only in the 
busy whirl of social, material, intel- 
lectual and religious progressiveness 
that the truly great mind can e.xist 
and develop itself But under such 
conditions as these, where mind op- 
poses, and at the same time, strength- 
ens mind, where broad fields of 
thought open up on every hand, intel- 
lects are developed and ideas ad- 
vanced that not only make the in- 
dividual famous, but bequeath to the 
world an undying legacy. 

This broad, liberal progressive 
spirit North Carolina has never had 
to any very encouraging extent until 
within the last few years. But at last 
we are awakening from our passive- 
ness, and becoming aware of our 



situation, we have gone to work in 
earnest to develop those latent forces 
that have so long been dormant. 
From north to south, from east to 
west, the spirit of social, political, in- 
tellectual and religious enthusiasm is 
finding lodgement in every heart, and 
expression in every forward step. It 
can no longer be said that we sleep 
the sleep of old Rip Van Winkle. 
Our twenty years of napping are over, 
and we arise more energetic and bet- 
ter fitted for our grand work of de- 
velopment than ever before. Ambi- 
tious politicians, brilliant literary 
geniuses and learned divines may 
cease to wander homeless, friendless, 
unappreciated from their native State; 
for henceforth. North Carolina offers 
to them a ready, a willing and a help- 
ing hand in all their labors. Our pre- 
sent recognition among our sister 
States, the indications of progressive- 
ness on all sides, and better still, the 
great intellectual awakening in the 
hearts and minds of about 1,620,000 
Carolinians bear witness to these facts. 

E. L. M. 



142 



The Elon College Monthly. 



EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT, 



The Norfolk Collegian is gladly 
welcomed to our sanctum. It is a 
neat and spicy journal, and coming, 
as it does, from a female college, is es- 
pecially interesting to those who make 
a careful study of woman's mind. 

This year Brown University cele- 
brated its 124th anniversary by ad- 
mitting women to its classes on the 
same condition as men. — Ex. 

The Carolinian, of South Carolina 
College, has reached our exchange 
table. It is a bright magazine, and 
speaks well for its editors and business 
managers, since they seem so inter- 
ested in their work. 

There are 40,000 women studying 
in the various colleges of America, 
and yet it has only been twenty-five^ 
years since the first college in the 
land was opened to them. — Ex. 

That is a very readable article in 
the Trinity Archive, relative to Hon- 
orary Degrees, and will surely receive 
the approbation of the majority of 
college men. At present many de- 
grees, judging from their wearers, 
mean but little; but we can ill afford 
for this to continue true. It is high 
time that colleges become more wary 
about conferring such degrees. 

The Wake Forest Student reflects 
much credit upon its college. The 
fact that it ranks among the very best 



magazines of its kind, bespeaks for 
Wake Forest College a place among 
the foremost colleges and universities 
south. Its articles are instructive and 
of a high literary finish. 

The discussion concerning the Fe- 
male University has been interesting. 
There is some foundation for the ar- 
gument produced by each. Surely 
the female pupils are more in fault 
than the colleges* For instance, it is 
a fact that in some cases where girls 
go out from colleges, represented to 
the public as graduates, they are in 
truth only partial graduates, not hav- 
ing received lull diplomas, but only 
certificates of proficiency in certain 
schools. Gentlemen naturally judge 
the female colleges by the so-called 
graduates gone out from»their doors, 
and no wonder they esteem such col- 
leges so little. 

Oftentimes these very colleges are 
capable of doing fine work, and a girl 
of the right pluck will receive much 
benefit from a course of study at these 
institutions, but the majority of girls 
fail to avail themselves of the oppor- 
tunities presented. But we can readily 
see the great need of co-educational 
colleges and female universities; 
doubtless these, more effectually than 
any other means, will awaken the 
girls to a true sense of their needs, 
responsibilities and capabilities. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



143 



We appreciate the notice that the { and must surely be a dear one to 

Trinity Archive took of "Dan's" arti- I "Dan." In justice to our editors, it 

cle that appeared in the MONTHLY ^ is, perhaps, well to state that the ar- 

some time ago. We heartily accord i tide referred to was a contribution, 

with it in everything that was said. and hence we are responsible only for 

The only error that it committed was a little carelessness in not keeping up 

in not being severer. For a young 1 with the contributions to the ^;r/^z't'£\ 



man to give to the public, as his own, 
an article written by another man, is 
a bold and dangerous act, and is just- 
ly condemned by every one. This 
will doubtless be a lesson to many. 



Any criticism that will help us to es- 
tablish and to maintain a pure, digni- 
fied college journal will always be 
received by the MONTHLY in the best 
spirit. 



■ Y. M. C. A. NOTES. 



The meetingsduring the past month 
have been better attended than during 
the preceding month. The subjects 
were well discussed. Sometimes the 
members are so anxious to speak on 
the subject, we hardly have an oppor- 
tunity for a prayer or a song after the 
leader is through before the hour is 
out. But while some of the young 
men are so much interested, there are 
others equally as careless about at- 
tending. We who want to see all of 
our fellow students strong spiritually 
as well as mentally when they leave 
Elon, earnestly trust that the parents 
and friends of these seemingly care- 
less young men will join us in earnest 
prayer for a spiritual awakening in 
their hearts. What a blessing to any 
community is a band of live, energetic 
christian young men! But how de- 
grading is a band of young men who 
engage in vulgarity, profanity and 
drunken revelries! My young friend, 



to which band do you belong.-* Do 
you try to belong to both by being a 
moral young man.' "Wherefore do }'ou 
spend money for that ivhich is not 
bread .-^ and your labor for that luhich 
satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto 
me." "Incline your ear, and come 
unto me; hear, and your soul shall 
live." What mind is it that these 
pointed questions and earnest entrea- 
ties from God do not impress.'* 

The following are the leaders for 
March: 

March 6. — C. C. Williams. 
" 13 —Elijah Moffitt. 
" 20. — W. J. Laine. 
" 27.— J. W. Rawls. 

As the State Convention draws 
near the anxiety to attend grows 
stronger. 

Our association will send up a dele- 
gation of probably not less than fif- 
teen. 

W. P. L. 



144 



The Elon College Monthly. 



LOCALS. 



S. E. EVERETT, Editor. 



March ! ! 

And "she do git next to a fellow ? " 

Wanted — Money to finish the Chap- 
el. 

A series of religious meetings will 
be held in the College chapel soon. 

The grippe has gripped a few of 
the Professors and students recently. 

There will be a big snipe hunt at 
Elon Friday night the nth of March. 

Prof. Dred Peacock, of Greensboro 
Female College, paid us a flying visit 
a few days ago. 

Plenty of rain, and the March wind 
does not fail to blow as in days of 
yore. 

Mr. Porter has moved his family to 
Elon, and expects to make it his 
home. 

Prof. HoUeman's residence will soon 
be finished, if they proceed as they 
are now. 

Mr. Comer, who left school on ac- 
count of his poor health, is improving I 
slowly. 

Dr. Long has begun a course of 
lectures to be given twice per week, 
on Constitutional Law. lie gave us 
one last Wednesday evening, which 
was very interesting. 



The Y. M. C. A. meets at Greens- 
boro the last of this month. Several 
will go from Elon. 

We will have a lecture in the Col- 
lege chapel, March 17th, by President 
Winston of the University. 

The students are improving the 
campus very much. The girls' side 
of the campus is the favorite side. 

Mrs. Edwards, who moveJ from 
Raleigh to Elon not very long since, 
is favorably impressed with her new 
home. 

The Y. M. C. A. will have a mission 
meeting Sunday night, March 13th. 
Prof. Atkinson preaches a missionary 
sermon. 

Miss Jennie Hernden gave a birth- 
day party the 5th of March. Many 
of her friends were present and en- 
joyed a pleasant evening. 

A motto seen on the board in the 
Latin room: "Seek ye first Latin and 
then Greek, and all other things will 
be added unto you." Soon afterwards 
the English room had the motto: 
"Obey the above command and at 
the final day of reckoning in this de- 
partment there will be weeping and 
wailing and gnashing of teeth." 



The Elon College Monthly. 



145 



A "Prep." goes to W. S. Long, D. 
D., to get him to write him out a pre- 
scription for the grippe. Dr. of course 
refuses to do so. The "Prep." says he 
can't see why people call him Dr. 
when he does not know what will 
cure the grippe. 

Our conspicuous Freshman, ap- 
proaching the Prof, asks for a Woit- 
zvortlis Grammar. The Prof, look- 
ing up, says: "I am not aware that 
such an edition has been gotten out." 
The "Fresh." studies a moment and 
says: "Well, then, the kind that goes 
with a Webster s Ccesar.' 

About two weeks ago the students 
pledged themselves to give a small 
amount of money each for the purpose 
of having the chapel finished. A good 



many have already collected more 
than the amount pledged, . and the 
present indications are that we will 
have a nicely finished chapel for Com- 
mencement. 

We have an ambitious class in 
Blackstone. And in order for it to 
prove its progress the students deci- 
ded to have a sham trial, which was 
soon prepared; and in a very short 
while two young men were indicted 
for stealing wood. The trial was con- 
ducted in an orderly manner, and 
many good speeches were made both 
for and against the defendants, but it 
was all of no avail — the jitry "hung." 
Some say bribery was the rope that 
himg them. 



'"^% 



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Advertisements. 



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East liviCartiaa Street, I^-A-ZLiEIZO-H, I>T. C. 
It is positively the most reliable house for 

RENOyATING GENTS' AND LADIES' CLOTHING 

In the South. Send sample job, which will be shipped to you free of charge. 
Address all orders to 



CEOss & lineha:^, 

Leading Clothiers and Furnishers* 

OUWt JfiOTVO : Produce the best goods ever offered to the public, and at the 
lowest prices. 

Our Stock of new spring arrivals comprise both CUTAWAYS AND SACKS of the 
latest styles and shades. 

Anything you want in the 

CLOTHING AND FURNISHING LINE 

You can always find in our extensive assortment and at the closest possible prices. 

CH08S & LINEHAN, 

2IO Fayetteville Street, 



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Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR 

NEW CLOTHING AND HATS. 

We have just received our Large Stock of Fall and Winter 

Glotliing, Hats and Gents' Furnishing Goods, 

AND WE HAVE EVERYTHING NEW 

LATEST STYLES OUT. 



We will sell only First-Class Goods and of the Best Makes. SCHLOSS BRO.'S & CO. 
and STRUUSS & BRO.'S FINE CLOTHLNG for Men, and PROGRESS and the GOLD 
MEDAL Suits for Boys. In HATS we sell the celebrated MELVILLE, JOHN B. STETSOxN 
& CO. arid DUNLAPS in Soft and Stiff. In FURNISHING GOODS, we have the largest 
and best line in the city. We want everybody to come and see us and look through our stock 
when in Greensboro. You can save money by buying of us, 

Very Respectfully, 

C. M. VAN STORY & CO., 

Leading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, GREENSBORO, N. C. 

HEADQUARTERS FOR FINE CLOTHING 

AT 

F. FISHBLATE'S. 

We have just received our Mammouih Pall and Wintt r Stock of Clothing, Hats and 
Furnishing Goods, and it includes everything in the way of Wear for Men, Youths, Boys and 
Children. We are Sole Agents in Greensboro for the following Popular, First-Class Houses: 
Strc.uss Bros. Hi^h Art Ciolhing for Men and Boys; Progress Superior Made Children's 
Knee Pant Suits; Goodman Bros. & Co.'s Extra Made Clay and Fancy Worsted Suits and 
Box Overcoats ; the Wotld Renowned "Knox" Hats — best in the land; the Triest $3 oo 
Stiff Hats, best for the price made, and every hat guaranteed ; the celebrated Pearl Shirt Co. 
and the E. & L. Lint n Collars and Cuffs. We invite all to give us a call and will treat you 
cordially and cheerfully show you throu^jh our mammouth establishment whether you wish 
to purchase or not. Yours very respectfully, 

F. FISHBLATE, 

Salesmen :~W. R. Rankin, J. W. Crawford, J. P. Scott, D. S. Hoover, L. L. Howlett. 

B^Our line of Samples for Custom Work for Fall and Winter now open for inspection. 
Over 1,000 styles to select from. 






EIaOM COIaIaEOE. 



NE^AA COLLEGE. 
High Standard. Thorough Instruction, 



One of the Largest and Handsomest School Build- 
ings and one of the Best and Cheapest 
Colleges in the State. 



For Announceuient, send to 



Rev. VV. S. LONG, A. M., D. D., 

Pi;esid:<:nt, Elo.x College, N. C. 



EniTTnTt/fTifiniT ^^'"idlng .MilUner of Aljiniance Countv. Von an 
11 V PiN N alwiiys Welcome at her IMillinerv PaHJr, B iilington 
• lllUlUiUUl^, X. C\ New Post Office Buiklin.': 




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ELON COLLEGE, N. C 



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Careful attention given to such orders. 



Fayetteville Street. 



W. H. & R. S. TUCKER & CO., 

RALEIGH, N. C. 



-CALL AT- 



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AND GET A NICE 

FOUR-IN-HAND OR TECK SCARF, 

Plain or Embroidered in all the latest styles. 

SUSPENDERS-ONE PAIR IN A BOX. 

UMBRELLAS AISD CANES IIS LATEST STYLES. 

I am in Burlington, and as Usual, carrying a complete line of 

Clothing^ Furnishing Goods, etc* 

A visit will convince you that I have the 

LARGEST STOCK AND LOWEST PRICES. 

If you don't believe it try me. 



Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR 



FINE CLOTHING, HATS AND GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS 



-IS .A.T- 



C. M. VANSTORY & GO'S. 



We have the largest and finest stock of NEW Clothing and Hats ever seen in North 
Carolina, and all of the best makes and latest styles. 

We sell SCHLOSS BRO.'S & CO.'S, THE STEIN BLOCK CO.'S Tailor Made and 
STROUSE BRO.'S Fine Dress and School Suits for Men, Progress Superior Made and the 
Gold Medal Fine Boy's and Children's Clothing in Short and Long Pants Suits. 

We have the finest stock of HATS in the city. The Celebrated John B. Stetson, " Mel- 
ville," and the World Renowned $5.00 Yeomen Hat, in all shapes. 

We invite all Elon College Students and Professors to make our store headquarters when 
in the city. Very Respectfully, 



216 South Elm Street. 



C. M. VANSTORY & CO., 

Leading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, 

GREENSBORO, N. C. 



"^^^^i)iariiirr' 



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OTJTOBEIIsr & CO., 

O-PLEEKTSBOPtO, IST. O., 

Offer yon the finest assortments and the best selections at the lowest possible prices in the city. 



HATS. — The latest styles and best shapes. Also agents for the Celebrated Dunlap Hats. 

FINE SHOES. — Onr specialty. A complete line — the best Have them all made and 
can duplicate any shoe in stock. 

UNDERWEAR. — The best that can be secured. Every suit is perfect. A fine line that 
will suit you. 

SCARFS, BOWS AND TIES.— They need only to be seen and they sell. The 
prettiest line, the latest styles, the most fashional)le shapes. 

COLLARS AND CUFFS.— ATI the styles and latest shapes. All i)ure linen and the 



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ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Elon College Monthly 

Elon College. 

Herndon & Young, Druggists, Students' Supplies. 

T. E. Porter & Co., General Merchandise. 

C. A. Boone & Son, Groceries, Notions. 

Peter Hughes, Liveryman. 

Dr. G. W. Kernodle, Physician. 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

Holt Williamson & Co., General Merchandise. 

W. E. Hay, Clothing, Dry Goods. 

Stockard I't Long, Surgeon Dentists. 

Mrs Kate K. Thompson, Milliner. 

J. H. Shelburn, Photographer. 

G. W. Holt & Co., Dress Goods, Notions. 

Jno. Foster, Dry (ioods. 

GRAHAM, N.C. 

L. B. Holt & Co., Clothing, Gents' Furnishing. 

J. A. Long, Attorney at Law. 

Dr. G. W. Long, E.\aminer in Practice of Medicine. 

DURHAM, N. C. 

T. J. Lambe, Clothing, Hats, Gents' Furnishings. 
J. bouthgate & Son., Insurance. 



GREENSBORO, \N. C. 

F. Fishblate, Clothing, Gents' Furnishings. 

C. M. Vanstory & Co , Clothiers and Hatters. 

Darden & Gay, Shoes. 

S. L. Alderman, Photographer. 

Cutchin & Co., Hatters, Clents' Neckwear. 

H. H. Cartland, Neckwear, Umbrellas, Canes. 

E. M Caldcleugh & Bro., China, Glassware. 
Greensboro Steam Laundry. 

RALEIGH, N. C. 

Heller Bros., Shoes, Trunks, Leather Goods. 

D W. C. Harris, Steam Dye Works. 

Cross & Linehan, Clothiers and Furnishers. 

W. H. & R. S. Tucker & Co., Dry, Goods Carpets. Etc. 

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F. D. Johnson & Son, Badges, Medals, Watches. 



THE 



ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY. 



Vol. II. 



OCTOBER, 1892. 



No. I, 



3STOTICE:. 

Correspondents will please send all matter intended for 
publication to W. H. ALBRIGHT, 

( Elon College, N. C. 



'I'E:^^lv<Es OX' s-crBSci?.iT=Tio:tT. 

One Dollar per scolastic year, cash in advance. Remit- 
tances should he made payable to 

BUSINESS MANAGERS 

of Elon College Monthly. 



THE FUTURE OF ROYALTY. 



For ages royalty has reigned su- 
preme. Monarchs have ruled the 
nations. Monarchies have become 
tyrannical, and aristocracies have 
become oligarchal. The bewailing 
cries of people oppressed by cruel 
rulers have arisen. The people have 
been impoverished in order to fur- 
nish costliest gems to the crowns of 
kings. Upright men who have dared 
to speak for freedom have perished at 
the stake. Numerous wars — wars 
bloody and terrible — have swept over 
fair lands; and the majority of these 
have originated from a desire to be 
freed from the despotic yoke. Roy- 
alty, we say, that diabolical monster 
whose deeds are black as hades, has 
been the swaying power among many 
people in many ages. 

But we will not attempt to enumer- 



ate and portray the dark and horrible 
acts of wicked sovereigns, and the 
troubles and calamities arising there- 
from. You have but to read the his- 
tories of various lands and there you 
will find the pages spotted with satan- 
ical works. Neither is it our purpose 
to describe the conflicts and revolu- 
tions that have arisen among nations 
who, weighed down by the oppres- 
sions of tyrannical lords, have desired 
immunity from servile bondage; your 
historians have already pictured to 
you these gloomy scenes. But we 
invite you to notice, if you will, a 
brighter scene — one wherein Royalty 
is but a phantom of remembrance. 

No one will deny that by nature 
man desires liberty, and that no man 
in a normal condition car^ experience 
genuine happiness unless he is free. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



As this is true of one man, it is like- 
wise true of a confederation of men. 
As some learned writer has said, 
"The true object of government is the 
promotion of the happiness of the 
people governed, "and Luther also has 
said, "Authority was notinstituted for 
its own ends, nor to make use of the 
persons subjected to it for the accom- 
plishment of its own caprices and ill 
passions, but for the interest and ad- 
vantage of the people." And it is 
widely admitted that the best known 
form of government is the Republic. 
Again, it is said that "education alone 
makes free," therefore a nation must 
be educated before it shall become a 
Republic. 

Mr. Edward A. Freeman, in speak- 
ing of a federal government, says: 
"That ideal, in its highest and most 
elaborate development, is the most 
finished and the most artificial pro- 
duction of political ingenuity. It is 
hardly possible that federal govern- 
ment can attain its perfect form except 
in a highly refined age, and among 
a people whose political education 
has already stretched over many gen- 
erations." 

To summarise, all people desire 
liberty. This desire is obtained and 
the greatest happiness to the nation 
likewise when the republican form of 
government exists. The more intel- 
lectual development a nation 'as a 
whole receives, the more will liberty 
be longed for; and by the further ex- 
tension of this development. Royalty 
must inevitably fade away and die. 
And now if some nations have already 



adopted the republican form of gov- 
ernment, and there exists a spirit of 
unrest and also an educational revo- 
lution in those which are now mon- 
archies, may it not be predicted that 
ere long royalty will die a natural 
death.? 

First, your attention is directed to 
your own beloved country. Who has 
not heard of the conflicts of our an- 
cesters for liberty.? Whose heart does 
not swell both with reverence and 
joy at the thought of 1776.? Yes, our 
fathers were oppressed by monarchical 
government, and they resolved to be 
free, and for more than a century 
royalty has not put foot on union soil. 

After great oppression by the Span- 
ish government, Mexican independ- 
ence was for the first time proclaimed 
in 1813, and now Mexico constitutes 
a confederation of states modelled 
after that of the United States. In 
speaking of this country the his- 
torian has said, "Amid the confusion 
of empires, republics, dictatorships 
and military usurpations, succeeding 
each other with bewildering rapidity, 
the thoughtful student will still detect 
a steady progress towards the ulti- 
mate triumph of those liberal ideas 
which lie at the base of true national 
freedom." 

Notwithstanding many opposing 
forces, France has for more than 
twenty years been a Republic. In 
speaking of France, Mr. De Blowitz 
says, "A few more generations and 
the Republic, with its healthy oscilla- 
tions, with its changes, which are 
sometimes disquieting, but which are 



The Elon College Monthly. 



ultimately rectified by popular com- 
mon sense, will have become the na- 
tion itself. Everybody will take his 
share in it — his share of burdens, 
glory and benefits — and the memories 
of monarchical rivalries, relegated to a 
few isolated and obstinate hearts, will 
be drowned in the current of a republic 
which will have become national." 

Brazil only a short time ago came 
to unite with those countries that had 
trampled under foot Royalty, and she 
too adopted the Republican form of 
government. 

Spain is fast becoming a nation of 
liberty. The Spanish statesman Se- 
fior Castelar thus writes: "We can 
thus say clearly that, thanks to the 
power of an idea, Spain is a true de- 
mocracy, and a free and progressive 
democracy; for though we see in itf, 
bosom two such historical and privi- 
leged institutions as an hereditary 
monarchy and a state church, their 
influence compared with what it for- 
merly was, is hardly perceptible in 
the luminous inundation of new ideas. 
A people that has a written constitu- 
tion by which it can always preserve 
its sovereignty, its liberty of thought 
and belief, freedom of the press, a 
sacred and inviolable home for every 
citizen, a popular jury system, and 
universal suffrage, can well be called 
with pride a true democracy — not- 
withstanding the fact that some irre- 
sistible fate imposes upon it a few 
contradictions arising from the laws 
of nature and of history. We shall 
ultimately overcome these contradic- 
tions by the strength of our will and 



the nobility of our ideal, two forces 
that cannot fail to be irresistible, 
though their development may be 
gradual." 

Notice, if you will, the Swiss re- 
public. The historians Hug and Stead, 
in speaking of the Swiss said: "Step 
by step we have seen a handful of 
gallant people free themselves from 
oppression, by emperor or duke, by 
prince or lord, by prelate or cloister. 
Inch by inch the people at large have 
gained their political rights from for- 
eign overlords or from native aristoc- 
racies. W^e have seen how a tiny 
confederation of three petty states 
has grown into a league of eight and 
then of thirteen independent districts, 
and how this has developed into the 
federal state of twenty-two cantons 
of our own day." Doubtless this de- 
velopment has been brought about 
by the people's being educated. It 
has been said that probably no other 
people in the world have so fully and 
so clearly recognized the relation of 
education to freedom, and that the 
Swiss educational system is such that 
it reaches down to the poorest child 
and penetrates into the remotest val- 
ley. In 1 882 there were in the schools 
of Switzerland 272,039 males and 
244,896 females in receipt of educa- 
tion. 

The Commonwealth of Australia 
is now drawing attention. At the 
convention that met in Sydney in 
1891, a bill for the establishment of a 
Federal Constitution was submitted 
to the convention, and a motion was 
also made in favor of the election of 



The Elon College Monthly. 



the governor-general by the people. 
The motion was vetoed, but the bill 
was received somewhat favorably. 
While the Federal Constitution has 
not as yet been fully adopted, still 
there is a probability of such action 
at no distant day. One of the leading 
delegates to the convention distinctly 
stated that the ultimate destiny of 
Australia is to be a republic. 

The indications of Italy are not un- 
favorable to a free country in the fu- 
ture; for besides her infant and 
elementary schools, her public and 
private schools and her evening 
schools for adults, she has no fewer 
than seventeen national universities. 

In Austria the subject of education 
now receives especial attention; 
schools of all kinds have been estab- 
lished. Notwithstanding it is a mon- 
archy, at one of the assemblies a few 
years ago the people were exhorted 
"to work with united energy at the 
solution of the greatest of their tasks, 
the uniting of the people of Austria, 
so that she might become a powerful 
State, strong in the ideas of justice 
and liberty." 

That absolute monarchy of Russia, 
whose oppressive measures have been 
agitating the whole land so deeply, 
has signs pointing to a better govern- 
ment in the advancing years. Edu- 
cation is doing a grand work in that 
country. It is said that the standard 
of teaching is high and may be com- 
pared to that of the German univer- 
sities. The students are hardworking 
and generally intelligent. 

Germany too is bound to become a 



republic. She has twenty-one uni- 
versities, the number of pupils in at- 
tendance at each ranging from 200 to 
4,000, to say nothing of her primary, 
secondary and higher technical 
schools. Her educational system is 
so superior and her intellectual cul- 
ture so high that ere long she will 
throw off her monarchical chains. 
Even now the republican form of 
government is making its way into 
the empire; of the twenty-six states 
twenty-two are monarchical, one an 
imperial province and three are 
republics. 

Lastly we come to England — that 
nation which has been so royal. In 
an article on English Royalty, the 
English statesman, Mr. Henry La- 
bouchere says that the "tenure of 
every English sovereign to the crown 
will be dependent on good behavior." 
He thinks the monarchy may yet en- 
dure for many a year. But he at the 
same time gives some of the disad- 
vantages of Royalty, which certainly 
seem sufficiently powerful to influence 
the people to oppose such a govern- 
ment. He says that Ro3^alty costs, 
all told, about one million pounds per 
annum. In his opening paragraph 
there seems to be evidences that 
England will ere long become a re- 
public. He says: "The feticism of 
loyalty to a royal family is no more. 
The right divine of kings to rule is a 
thing of the past. The fuss and 
feathers of a court, that once inspired 
reverential awe, are now anachronisms 
that have outlived their time, and are 
viewed with contemptuous curiosity 



The Elon College Monthly. 



5 



by all except professional courtiers 
and the silliest of the silly. The con- 
tinental sovereigns maintain their 
sway by means of their armies, and 
they are the masters of their subjects. 
In England the sovereign rules, but 
does not govern. The Queen of the 
British Empire remains a monarch, 
partly because the English dislike 
change in the abstract, and partly 
because the system of which she is 
the figure-head has practical advant- 
ages, which in the opinion of her 
subjects counterbalance its theoretical 
absurdity." 

We have reviewed hastily the char- 
acteristic features of the leading na- 
tions relative to their political situa- 
tions. As a spirit of political unrest, 



a longing for liberty, and an educa- 
tional advancement permeate these 
countries, the same tendencies are 
also pulsating the hearts of other na- 
tions. These truths cannot but give 
evidence of the abolition of monarchy 
and point to a rapidly approaching 
time when all nations will adopt that 
grand form of government — " of the* 
people, by the people, and for the 
people." Surely the landmarks of the 
nations direct us towards a land 
where the cries of people oppressed 
by ruthless monarchs are never more 
heard, where gentle liberty rules over 
all, where Royalty lies deep buried 
amid the crumbling thrones of by- 
gone ages. 

Irene Johnson. 



LAKE DRUMMOND. 



It is generally known that Virginia 
is noted for her rocky cliffs and valu- 
able mineral springs; her fertile val- 
leys and high mountain peaks; her 
frightful chasms and beautiful cata- 
racts; her Natural Bridge and Lost 
River; for her summer resorts, both 
in the mountains and by the sea- 
shore. About all this grand scenery 
we read and talk, and sometimes 
visit. But there is something ^se in 
this State that is grand and beautiful 
of which we hear very little. And 
we hope that friends in "The Old 
North State " and readers of TlIE 
Monthly will bear with us while we 



attempt to tell them of a visit to this 
beautiful and sublime spot — the 
"Lake of the Dismal Swamp" or 
"Lake Drummond." 

It was a lovely morn in May. The 
sun shone clear and bright, the birds 
sang sweetly, the fresh morning 
zephyr was filled with the pleasant 
odors of many a new-born flower, 
and all nature seemed to join in a 
song of praise. On such a morn as 
this the writer, with a band of fifteen 
pleasure seekers from Suffolk, Va., 
found himself on the way to a canal, 
two miles distant, that leads to this 
mysterious lake. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



In going to a place of this kind 
frequently it is the company that we 
are in that we enjoy as much as the 
place we visit, and especially was 
this true in our case. So please par- 
don us for partly describing the 
crowd. We are glad. to be able to 
head the list with a young Methodist 
"preacher, which fact will doubtless 
lend dignity to the reader's idea of the 
crowd; several Sunday Schoolteach- 
ers; a lady teacher from one of the 
Suffolk seminaries, who was a botan- 
ist; one music teacher and vocalist; 
one married couple, several young 
ladies, one old bachelor who acted as 
jilter and two " gentlemen of color," 
whose business it was to pull or pro- 
pel the boat. Thus accompanied we 
reached the canal about eight o'clock 
in the morning, entered a small boat 
about twenty-five feet long and five 
feet wide, which had rather an anti- 
quated appearance, and set sail for 
the lake ten miles away, going at the 
rate of about two miles per hour. 

The width of the canal varies from 
eight to twelve feet, hence it was very 
easy to jump from the boat to the 
bank and vice versa. For some time 
all were quiet, and entertained each 
other by discussing different subjects, 
but this soon grew tiresome. To 
break the monotony we leaped from 
the boat to the bank to pluck such 
wild flowers as we chanced to see on 
the way. The botanist made it inter- 
esting to us by explaining their nature 
and growth and odor. The preacher 
increased the interest by commenting 
on the goodness of God in preparing 



more beauties in nature for man than 
he can possibly enjoy. Then the vo- 
calist concluded the discussion by 
singing of the love of God, the beau- 
ties in nature, and the importance of 
flowers in the advancement of love. 
This caused the bachelor, who was 
becoming enamored of one of the 
young ladies, to grow very "senti- 
mental " and as though he had just 
begun to see what life was in its tru- 
est and highest sense. Thus the first 
three or four hours were pleasantly 
spent, but we naturally began to long 
to catch a glimpse of the romantic 
lake. 

However, this tire of waiting was 
soon broken by the falling of a moc- 
casin, from an overhanging bough 
into the bow of the boat. For a 
few minutes all was in a fever of ex- 
citement, and but for the high reeds 
on both sides of the canal the 
snpke would have been both pilot and 
captain of the crew. But men always 
appear brave when there is no way of 
escape by flight, so the intruder was 
killed and the barge went on her way. 
The preacher then commented on the 
obstacles in life, and emphasized the 
importance of being brave until the 
end. In the mean time the bachelor, 
who in his effort to get away from the 
snake had badly mashed his girl's 
toes, was apologizing to her in the 
most sympathetic manner, and soon 
succeeded in making it clear to her 
that he would rather have been bitten 
by the reptile than to have caused 
her the least bodily pain. 

However, the fright from the intru- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



der was soon forgotten, and all were 
again beginning to grow weary and 
anxious when the cry was made: The 
lake! The lake!! In an instant all 
were standing on tip toe to catch a 
glimpse of its shining waters. And 
behold it lay clear and motionless as 
though it had enjoyed the calm of 
twilight for many centuries. No sail 
floated on its placid bosom, no rocks 
reared their heads above its waters, 
no craftsman disturbed its deathlike 
stillness, and no bustling city was on 
its shores. All was quiet. Nosound, 
save the song of birds and the hum of 
bees, was to be heard. It seemed as 
though it was put there to reflect the 
sun's bright rays by day and to wel- 
come the moon and stars by night — a 
place where spirits may play undis- 
turbed in the twilight, and the ghosts 
of disappointed lovers may, when the 
moon is bright, think of the times 
when they were joyous and happy — 
the recalling of which only makes 



them more miserable when the silvery 
reminder has sunk behind the hills. 

Poets may visit high mountain peaks, 
bathe their burning brows in the 
clouds and behold the rainbow as a 
complete circle. They may catch in- 
spiration from the roar of falling wa- 
ters and have their ears tickled by the 
songs of birds, or listen to the trick- 
ling of meadow streamlets, but me- 
thinks that their love for nature and 
for solitude can never be complete 
until they have seen a lake surround- 
ed by nothing but trees, crossed by 
nothing but birds, and whose waters 
are rippled by nothing but the wind. 
Such is "Lake Drummond, of the Dis- 
mal Swamp." 

After spending a few hours on its 
shores, and enjoying a sumptuous 
dinner in full view of its waters, we 
more in love with nature than ever 
before, boarded our craft for home. 
J. H. Jones. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



THE BLIND BARD OF GREECE. 



The biography of the most famous 
writer of Epic poetry is very brief and 
obscure. The date of his birth and 
of his death is unknown to us; and 
his works furnish the only mirror in 
which we can see and means by which 
we can learn anything pertaining to 
the life and character of this poetical 
genius. The name of Homer is the 
greatest in Grecian literature, and be- 
cause of the age in which he lived we 
might say the greatest in all litera- 
ture. He speaks a language which 
thrills our blood in spite of the sepa- 
ration of hundreds of years. His 
thought, passions, feelings, and flights 
of fancy are all more or less adapted 
to this day as they were to his own, 
and his genius may be contemporary 
with the mind of every generation for 
a thousand years to come. 

The poems of Homer do not consti- 
tute merely a great item of the splen- 
did literature of Greece but a world 
of their own, separate and distinct 
from all other productions of Grecian 
literature, which is an evidence of the 
belief that they were composed by 
one author. In them we see some- 
thing of the author's profound great- 
ness, because he introduces us to man 
in every relation of which he is capa- 
ble; in every one of his arts, devices, 
institutions, in the entire circle of his 
experience, showing not merely details 
of events, but a scheme of human 



life and character, complete in all its 
parts. 

One thing arrests our attention and 
calls forth our admiration. Notwith- 
standing, Homer lived in an age that 
was narrow, shallow, and conceited 
in the utmost, he, wholly unlike other 
writers of past ages was free from 
egotism. "He very rarely used the 
first person— only once in a passage 
of any importance, and exclusively 
in invocations to the Muse." 

The poems of Homer are of intense 
interest to us and why.'' Because they 
introduce to us in the very beginnings 
of their experience the most gifted 
people of the world, and enable us to 
judge how they became such as in 
later times we know them; how they 
began to discharge the splendid part 
allotted to them in shaping the des- 
tinies of the world. Homer has ex- 
hibited this picture with such a full- 
ness both of particulars and of vital 
force, as to win our admiration and to 
show that never in any country has 
an age been so completely placed 
upon record. Hence we must con- 
clude that whatever other learning he 
lacked he was miaster of two books 
unknown to many a world-renowed 
author — the book of Nature and that 
of Man. 

We notice that as was the custom 
of the bards of that day he went from 
place to place over his native land, 



' : / ; 



The Elon College Monthly. 



gathering whatever object-lessons 
from nature he could, consoling op- 
pressed humanity by chanting forth 
those enraptured strains which have 
so sweetly embalmed his memory. 
Though this bard is commonly attach- 
ed to some particular reigning family, 
we don't believe that he was ever tied 
down as a family retainer to a narrow 
corner in a narrow country: 

(i.) Because his works have sur- 
vived the action of time and its revo- 
lutions which have obliterated every 
contemporary production, and on ac- 
count of the surpassing nature of the 
works we must assign to their author 
a decided pre-eminence among the 
men of his class and time. 

(2.) A connection with a particular 
family would almost certainly have 
left signs of it upon the poems. But 
while the poems are intensely nation- 
al they are nowhere sectional. 

(3.) His works show an acquaint- 
ance with geography, which was evi- 



dently for the most part founded on 
personal inspection, and he refers 
especially to the effects of travel in 
enriching and quickening the mind. 

Now, in conclusion let me say that 
whether of royal family, or whether 
an Asiatic Greek or a European, 
whether Homer or somebody else, 
this we know, that as we picture to 
ourselves the Father of all known 
poetry, traversing the hills and vales 
of Greece from court to court, from 
festival to festival, in free communion 
with nature, and in large observation 
of man, and in the constant practice 
of the glorious art which requited 
hospitality with the delight of song — 
we delight to call him Homer. And 
although so indisputably unauthentic, 
we are persuaded that when the lapse 
of centuries has told its story, even 
then the children's children of gener- 
ations yet unborn and of ages yet to 
come, will revere the name of Homer. 



The Climax of Missions in Foreign Lands. 



Before we begin the discussion of 
this subiect, let us see what the term, 
"Climax" means. 

It comes from the Greek, and means 

►to learn, to step, to ascend. Then 

our subject means the stepping up, or 

the ascent of missions in foreign 

lands. 

As knowledge advances, the laws 



of the material world are seen to 
harmonize more closely with the laws 
of the spiritual world than they were 
once thought to do. A better knowl- 
edge both of science and theology 
has been and is still opening up new 
and grand fields of thought where 
the light of Christ disarms the theo- 
retical mind of its power to hinder 



10 



The Elon College Monthly. 



the progress of the church. The 
Bible is found to be the basis of all 
science and God the immediate source 
of all power. 

"To everything there is a season, 
and a time to purpose under heav- 
en." "And the earth was without 
form and void." Among the many 
theories concerning the formation of 
the earth, there is one that seems to 
harmonize with the Scripture quoted 
above. It supposes that the earth 
was once a part of a vast sea of neb- 
ulous matter, which, by solidifying 
and at the same time revolving, 
threw off gaseous bodies, which 
through the process of cooling during 
many thousands of years have been 
formed into the earth and other plan- 
ets that revolve around the sun as the 
great center of attraction. 

Is it not reasonable to suppose that 
during the time when the earth was 
in a gaseous condition that it was also 
the season when it was without form 
and void, for then it was not capable 
of producing vegetable life or sustain- 
ing animal life.'' Thistheorysuppos.es, 
also, that in the creation of the earth 
there was one season called the car- 
boniferous age, when carbon was so 
much in excess of other gases that it 
was impossible for animal life to exist, 
but the growth of vegetation was su- 
perior and much more vigorous than 
it ever has been since or ever will be. 
This season evidently followed the 
season when the "earth was without 
form and void." 

After the carboniferous age came 
the season of animal life when a part 



of the carbon of the carboniferous 
age had been taken up by the vege- 
tation which we find in a carbonic 
state, as coal, now deep down in the 
earth. 

It is noticeable here again that the 
creation of animal life was the last 
thing in the category of the creation 
as well as in the theory. 

The Divine wisdom shown in so . 
wonderfully fitting up this world for 
the home of man cannot be too highly 
appreciated and it helps us to feel the « 
force of what Solomon meant when 
he said; "To every thing there is a 
season, and a time to every purpose 
under heaven." 

The force of this Scripture is felt 
in the development of man as a race. 
Man has a three-fold nature: the an- 
imal or physical, the mental and the 
spiritual; and in the development of 
these natures each comes in its order. 
First was the physical age, next 
came the mental and lastly we natur- 
ally expect the spiritual. There was 
a time when physical man was the 
potent factor that ruled his fellows; 
there is a time when mental man rules 
the world; there will be a time when 
the knowledge and glory of God shall 
cover the land as the waters cover the 
sea. 

When the Roman Empire was 
overthrown 476 years after Christ, the 
first stage of man's development was 
virtually closed, and the world slept 
in darkness a thousand years, while 
the curtains were down, and the prep- 
aration for the second scene in the 
drama was being made. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



II 



Again, at the beginning of the six- 
teenth century the curtains were 
drawn; the vision of science encir- 
cled the earth, penetrated her interior, 
leaped from world to world, and felt 
the power that holds each in its orbit; 
the light of the great center of the 
spiritual world seemed to come nearer 
and light up the four corners of the 
earth, but for two hundred years there 
was but little reflection. The Spirit- 
ual scene was not on the stage. The 
world was dead in sin and idolatry. 
There was a conflict between theology 
and science, the latter had the su- 
premacy. The church was held back 
while the heathen continued to bow 
to idols without ever hearing of the 
true God. 

We approach the scene near the 
close of the 19th century. We ob- 
serve an increasing interest in the 
evangelization of the world. Nearly 
every religious organization is becom- 
ing enthusiastic over the subject of 
missions. It is made a special study in 
the seminaries and schools of theol- 
ogy. We asjs. What of the world's 
drama.'' The answer comes back 
from India, Japan, China, Australia, 
the jungles of Africa, tropical South 
America, and the Islands of the Sea, 
O thou there, come here! Those 
850,000,000 heathens have heard the 
call of the blessed Master and they 
want to hear more of the wonderful 
Story. The gospel has been carried 
to the ends of the earth, but there is 



a great work to do, it has only begun. 
At the International Convention of 
the Young People's Endeavor Society 
held in New York last summer, it did 
the hearts of thousands good to hear 
Alaska and Australia both respond to 
to the roll-call of delegates. 

"Lift up your eyes, and look on the 
fields; for they are white already to 
harvest." To no generation did these 
words of the Master ever mean as 
much as they do to the present gen- 
eration. Almost absolute freedom in 
the majority of heathen lands is now 
given to the teachings of Christianity. 
When the revolution came in Brazil a 
few years ago, a new mission field 
was opened with a population of thir- 
teen millions. They listen with open 
mouths and eager ears to the word of 
God. The Chinese government is 
becoming more favorable to the 
Christian religion. The graduates 
from the schools where Christian 
teachers are employed are given pay- 
ing positions in the service of the 
government with the privilege of 
keeping the Sabbath day after the 
customs of the Protestant nations. 
China has a population of nearly 
400,000,000 and there are only 600 
missionaries laboring among them. 
At the Shanghai conference of 1890- 
'91 a call was made for 1,000 mission- 
aries within the next five years. May 
these few thoughts arouse an active 
spiritin someone for foreign missions. 

W. P. L. 



12 



The Elon College Monthly. 



EDITORIAL 



Vos Salutamus. 



It is perhaps a feeling common to 
all men to dread the untried. In un- 
dertaking any duty in the performance 
of which we are little experienced we 
do so with feelings mixed with doubt 
and uncertainty. 

The anticipation of it is pleasant 
and in our imagination we bravely 
overthrow every obstacle in our path 
and manfully carry on our project to 
ultimate success, but when our dream 
becomes a stern reality we are over- 
whelmed with a deep sense of our 
unfitness to assume its duties, and of 
responsibility in so doing. 

Like the mountain in the distant 
landscape which appears small and 
serves only to lend enchantment to 
the scene; but on approaching it?.>its 
beauty of outline disappears until we 
stand in wonder and amazement be- 
fore the massive structure. 

Some such feeling as this comes 
over us when we realize that upon us 
has fallen the editorial management 
of The Monthly for the session of 
'92-'93; that into our hands have been 
thrust the pens so masterly wielded 
by the retiring staff. Knowing as we 
do the important place that college 
journalism holds among the colleges 
of our country it is with no little hes- 
itancy that we enter the journalistic 
field. 



Realizing that the literary excel- 
lence of a college magazine is the 
recognized index of the character of 
the work done both in the class room 
and in the literary hall of that college, 
we exceedingly fear and tremble in 
assuming such grave responsibilities 
lest we may prove recreant to our 
trust. 

We congratulate the staff of '91 -'92 
upon their success and sincerely trust 
that their mantles will fall on us. 

We have no fund of rich experience 
from which to draw, but enter the field 
untried and alone. It shall be our aim 
to give our readers such literature that 
will interest men in everyrankand file 
of life. 

If we shall succeed in sustaining 
and if possible-increasing the reputa- 
tion for excellence The Monthly, 
though so young, has already won 
among our exchanges; if we shall 
succeed in accomplishing anything 
for the cause of religion, morality, and 
education we shall not deem our labor 
spent in vain, but will feel thankful 
that this duty was imposed upon us. 

Butwe cannot makeTHE Monthly 
a success unaided. Students and 
friends of Elon College! The 
Monthly is yours! Yours to cher- 
ish; yours to work for and make a fit 
representative oi yotir College. It is 
entitled to your active zeal for its 
wider circulation and to your mental 
efforts for the promotion of its literary 



The Elon College Monthly. 



13 



character. We earnestly ask you to 
help us make it what it ought to be. 
New names to its subscription list 
and contributions to its columns will 
be thankfully received. To all our 
readers we send greetings. With this 
issue we send forth our magazine and 
entrust it to the mercy of a generous 
public. We bespeak for it a kindly 
perusal. Criticise us in all good feel- 
ing and if perchance it deserves now 
and then a word of encouragement 
we trust it may be indulged in with 
equal freedom and good will. 

R. G. K. 



^VoMEN AND Politics. 



It is with sad misgivings and deep 
regret that we read the signs of the 
times and see American women being 
brought to the front in politics. To 
the true woman the platform can offer 
no laurel, but a crown of degrada- 
tion she can never condescend to wear. 
Just before entering the political ca- 
reer we would have them pause and 
think — can they ever stoop to accept 
political equality.'' Is the day coming 
when they can so far forget their wo- 
manhood as to petition for a national 
degradation } Political freedom and 
equality ! Do we realize what they 
mean .'' 

Free to be jeered and scoffed at ; 
open to the scorn and ridicule of the 
world. Can they afford to have their 
fair name uttered from mouth to 
mouth, or their character discussed 
by the lowest of the earth at every 
street corner saloon.-' Equal with the 



vilest mortals, the lowest of God's 
creatures who call themselves men, 
yet who so far forget their manhood 
as to sell their liberty for a glass of 
beer on election day — equal with the 
forsaken wretches who buy men's 
souls and toss them into the ballot 
box, that they may perpetuate some 
gigantic fraud or make some unjust 
law. 

"The crown of creation is woman." 
Will she throw herself from the lofti- 
est pedestal on which the Creator 
could place her .-* Her crown of virtue 
and robe of purity have entitled her 
to the highest earthly throne and 
placed within her hand a scepter of 
influence and power that none can 
withstand. Her name is too sacred 
for politics and her honor too liigh 
for state intrigue. Will she barter 
her "birthright for a mess of pottage.-*" 
Will she cast aside her mantle of wo- 
manly reserve in order to herd with 
the vulgar crowd } 

But granted that her influence is 
needed in politics, does that necessi- 
tate public expression of her views, 
or that she should appear at the polls.'' 
Her influence for truth and purity is 
needed everywhere and at all times, 
and its beneficial effects have never 
been denied. But for humanity's sake 
let her use that influence in a lady- 
like way, and not seek to use it by 
lecturing from the platform or by 
casting a vote. 

There is a way open to women for 
fame and honor, but not by entering 
into corrupt politics. 

The day that our American women 



14 



The Elon College Monthly. 



condescend to go to the polls will 
date her moral and social degrada- 
tion and the removal of that sanctity 
that causes man to revere her name 
and protect it with his life. Give wo- 
man equal social and educational 
advantages, but in the name of our 
southern women we protest against 
admitting her to the bar. 

Annie Graham. 



Morality in College— The 
Hope of the Future. 



Old and lasting as time is, the mind 
of man ever tends to seek out new 
paths of usefulness that will result in 
the highest states of temporal happi- 
ness, and lead him onward and up- 
ward to the dawning of a glorious 
eternity". 

There have been times when man- 
kind attached all to the impressions 
and influences that come to bear upon 
the excitation of physical pleasures, 
these times soon gave way to mind 
and thought which became the chief 
delight of man. The wheels of the 
centuries have made many revolutions 
while this idea has predominated, and 
to-day many of our Colleges and In- 
stitutions of learning hold as the 
greatest of their duties the cultivation 
of the mind alone to the neglect of 
the highest endowment that God has 
bestowed upon man. 

It is true that every institution so 
far as we know has some form of 
religious service, but many of the in- 
stitutions that have a very high posi- 
tion from the standpoint of mental 



culture utterly fail in cultivating the 
moral and religious natures of those 
who attend them. At many institu- 
tions young men become wicked and 
dissipated, because of a lack of proper 
attention on the part of those who 
teach. 

The world no longer needs mental 
giants and moral dwarfs, beings with 
big heads and little hearts; but every 
phase of life calls for men and women 
of the highest type of morality. Our 
colleges are shaping young men and 
young ladies for the most responsible 
positions in both Church and State, 
and while the youth of our land are 
traveling over an untried road looking 
to those who teach and direct to guide 
them in the best ways they fail to fit 
themselves for these responsible posi- 
tions. Those who lead would be 
ready to relieve themselves of this 
responsibility by charging young peo- 
ple with the natural tendency to de- 
generacy. This might be accepted, 
were there not many manifestations 
on the part of the young to find the 
pathway of truth and righteousness. 

The Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation is a grand movement that 
has done much to elevate the moral 
status in many places and show the 
strong desire of the young to find the 
path of right. What causes the na- 
tion to mourn to-day with the great 
burden of oppression but the guidance 
of those whose mind overbalances 
their morals. 

When the time comes that God's 
word of truth will be made a text 
book and morality a requirement in 



The Elon College Monthly. 



15 



our Colleg^es before a diploma will be 
granted, then will we see the waves 
of political confusion subside and our 
beloved land will be as a grand mirror 
that will reflect prosperity and purity. 
Then we will see the plutocratic lion 
and the poverty-stricken lamb lie 
down together and a little child of 
purity shall lead them. Then our 
nation will rejoice, for prosperity and 
peace will reign supreme. Then 
"mercy and truth will meet together, 
righteousness and peace will kiss each 
other." This is the safe cure for all 
the upheavals and subsidence of 
America's troubles, and when every 
institution of learning takes this ques- 
tion into proper consideration and 
prepares the' hearts as well as the 
heads of the young men whom they 
prepare for the front ranks then all 
the troubles that confront us to-day 
will be eradicated. This is perhaps a 
new idea of the solution of the most 
momentous questions that clog the 
wheels of our nation's progress, but 
it seems to be the only sure remedy. 
If the ship of State is to be guided by 
the college men of our land there is 
no reason why this would not be a 
safe and sure way to reach the foun- 
tain of truth and justice. Everything 
that can elevate the moral standing of 
the student body of every College and 
University in America should be done. 
"The moral law is that which pre- 
scribes man's duties not only to his 
fellow-men, but also to God." The 
decalogue expresses it briefly and it 
is still more briefly summed up in the 
two great 'commandments that we 



should love God with all our heart, 
mind, soul and. strength and our 
neighbor as ourselves. When our 
people can work along the line of 
development that will lead up to the 
faithful observance of the moral law 
then will the rough iron heel of the 
moneyed king be taken off the necks 
of suffering humanity. Our nation 
will declare a day of public feast and 
the sun of prosperity will shine on 
every home throughout our fair land. 
The hope of our future is in the young 
men that to-day are college students; 
what they are will shape and mould 
the homes, hearts and happiness that 
must come on the scene and bloom 
into the brightest flowers that ever 
decorated this royal land. In the 
bright constellation of nations there 
is no star that shines brighter than 
America, with her mines of wealth and 
natural resources in abundance, would 
shine were there truth and justice in 
the lives and actions of those who 
rule. W. C. W. 



Industrial Progress of the 
South. 



Climate determines the occupations 
of men. The south has every variety 
of climate, and in view of this fact it 
necessarily follows that the develop- 
ment of the south means the enrich- 
ment of this nation. Few men indeed 
realize the great industrial possibili- 
ties of the south. It produces three- 
fourths of the cotton crop of the 
whole world. Our grain, fruits and 
vegetables are grown in large quanti- 



i6 



The Elon College Monthly. 



ties. Tobacco probably yields more 
to the grower than any other branch 
of agriculture. The water power is 
sufficient, if utilized, to spin all the 
cotton that the south produces. 

The progress and prosperity of 
Michigan is attributed to the lumber 
business. Affording, as it has, mil- 
lions of capital and employment for 
several thousand hands, with fabulous 
profits, is it not reasonable to suppose 
that the South, with her variety and 
extent of untouched timber as no 
other section possesses, is worthy of 
careful development and investigation. 
There is no place in the world 
where the natural conditions are more 
favorable for the production of iron 
and steel than within the limits of 
the South. A few years ago the lead- 
ing iron - makers of Pennsylvania 
could scarcely believe that not far in 
the future this land of ours would 
compete with the Northern manufac- 
turers in the making of pig iron. 

We are proud to say that the day 
has come when the South ranks first 
in the development of her natural re- 
sources. It is said that some years 
prior to the civil war South Carolina 
shipped some iron to Sheffield which 
carried off the prize in a contest for 
extra quality. If all southern man- 
ufacturing was blotted out of exist- 
ence the loss would not be so great as 
what the south had to endure when 
she laid down her arms in 1865. The 
south at this time was poor, while the 
North and West were rich on account 
of the war and the enormous immi 
gration. 



Let us take a glimpse at what the 
south has accomplished within the 
last few years. In 1881 the south 
produced 305,008,000 bushels of corn, 
and in 1891 535,942,000 bushels — a 
gain of over 230,000,000, or 75 per 
cent.; during which time the increase 
in the production of corn in the other 
parts of the country in 1891 over 1881 
was 71 per cent., or below the rate of 
the south. 

In 1881 the cotton crop was 5,- 
456,000 bales; in 1891 it was nearly 
9,000,000 bales. From 1881 till 1891 
the south made a gain of 87 per cent, 
in miles of railroad, while a gain of 
only 50 per cent, was made in other 
parts of this country. The number 
of passengers carried on southern 
roads increased 369 per cent., and on 
Western roads 168 per cent, within 
the last decade. 

Looking at the growth of the iron 
trade, we find that in 1881, with 451,- 
000 tons, the south increased its 
amount by 1,460,000 tons, or 323 per 
cent., against a gain of 78 per cent, in 
the North and West. Just think; ten 
years ago the south was almost whol- 
ly dependent upon other sections for 
iron products and now she has some 
excellent locomotive works and many 
foundries which ship their products to 
leading railroads North and West. 
The average assessed value per capita 
in 1 891 was $270, while in 1880 it 
was $187. 

Mining is a potent factor in the in- 
dustrial advancement of a country. 
The time is coming when capital will 
seek the south as never before. Men 



The Elon College Monthly 



17 



are beginning' to realize the advant- 
ages and opportunities which the 
South affords to those who have mo- 
ney to invest in mining, agriculture 
and manufacturing. 

The past ten years have only serv- 
ed to demonstrate the grand possibil- 
ities of Southern progress. There is 
no doubt that the next ten years of 
Industrial advancement in the south 
will far surpass any previous decade. 
Localities which have never experi- 
enced material prosperity, will be 
illuminated with rays of Industrial 
progress. Every phase of agriculture 
and manufacturing interest will be of 
assistance to the intellectual and po- 
litical worlds. The south may be 



called the El Dorado of America. Not 
in a doubtful sense, but in reality does 
the significance and importance of 
southern development exemplify this 
fact. Material prosperity is a potent 
factor in shaping character and mould- 
ing human thought 

Our advancement in civilization is 
dependent upon our coal-beds, and is 
assured of ultimate extinction, ac- 
cording to the geologist's scale of 
time. However, we must consult 
nature and study the lessons of life. 

Industrial progress reflects the cur- 
rent ideal of life, and the development 
of which has been accepted as the 
mirror of a nation's progress. 

W. H. Albright. 



i8 



The Elon College Monthly. 



LOCALS. 



W. H. ALBRIGHT, EDITOR. 



Preps ! ! ! 

Fresh ! ! 

New students ! 

New teachers ! 

Subscribe for the MONTHLY ! 

Wanted. — A laboratory at Elon 
College. 

Mr. John Moffitt and wife are visit- 
ing- relatives at Elon. 

A Soph, passes by the Junior year 
and enters the Senior. 



is now in the livery busi- 



Mr. B- 
ness. "Look out ladies ! " 



Several new private residences have 
been erected during vacation. 

Lazarus the Second is in town ; and 
the little dogs follow hinn. 

Shibboleth. — No student is allowed 
to visit the "Dormitory" until next 
June. 

Rev. C. A. Boone has just opened 
a new store next door to the Post 
Office; call and examine his stock. 

Rev. W. G. Clements paid us a visit 
not long since. We always appre- 
ciate his visits. Come again brother. 

The second annual reception was 
held in the College Chapel September 



3rd, much to the delight of all the 
students. 

Mr. R- 



decided not to shave 
this session, but his best girl entered 
College recently and now he shaves 
every day. 

Miss P , hearing the door bell 

ring, immediately replied, "Come 
right along in; you need not ring the 
bell." 

A Prep, five years from graduation 
wishes to advance $4 at compound 
interest for his diploma fee. Guess 
he thinks it will be " saven." 

Although professional work is at a 
low ebb just now, yet Dr. L vis- 
its us frequently, fearing, we presume, 
that some one might get the " Enside 
track." 

A Hero. — While conversing with 

Mr. E sometime recently he said : 

" I am out of it." We are glad to 
know the Senior has turned over a 

new leaf. 

One of our Seniors in soliciting 
members for his society said: "All 
the brains are. in our society." That 
must be so for they have never "come 
out." 

Information Wanted. — A Senior de- 
sires to know the best and latest 
method of getting up a Phychology 



The Elon College Monthly. 



19 



lesson. We refer him to the Professor 
of Mental Science. 

Most College boys carry their 

cigars in their hands, but Mr. P 

carries his cigars on his back. 

A Senior in speaking of the Psy- 
chology lesson said: "It treats of 
biennial vision," whereas he should 
have said, "binocular vision." 

Are you a subscriber to The 
Monthly } If not, send us your 
name and your dollar at once, for we 
need your assistance. 

Speakers for the next annual de- 
bate are: Clio — VV. H. Albright and 
R. H. Peel. Philologian— W. C. 
Wicker and R. T. Hurley. 

Prof E. L. Moffitt gave us a pleas- 
ant call some days since while on his 
way to Harvard University. The 
Monthly wishes the Professor a 
pleasant sojourn among the "Yanks." 

While looking over the magazines 
in the Reading room a picture of Mr. 

E and his best girl was found in 

the Atlantic. We think it is rather a 
conspicious place for Photographs 
of . 

As many of our readers know. 
Profs. J. O. Atkinson and E. L. Mof- 
fit are at Harvard University on leave 



of absence this session and will not 
be with us. Prof. Atkinson will 
study Mental and Moral Science and 
Prof Moffitt will devote his time to 
the study of English. The best wishes 
of The Monthly go with them and 
trusts that they will let us hear from 
them through its columns. 

We shall miss them. For two 
years they were among us and won 
our hearts both by their faithful work 
in the class room and by their conge- 
niality in the social circle. While we 
regret to give them up even for a 
year, yet we are glad to say that those 
who have taken their pHces will do 
the work well. Prof Herbert Scholz, 
a graduate of Elon College, class of 
'91, succeeds Prof Moffitt and Prof R. 
G. Kendrick, Jr., a graduate of Wake 
Forest College, class of '91, succeeds 
Prof. Atkinson. 

Both of these have been teaching 
since their graduation and do not 
come to us altogether inexperienced. 
We wish them a pleasant sojourn 
among us. 

Junion (to Soph.) — My Prof, is not 
as &zcen\.x\z as I thought he would be. 

Soph. — I don't know what you 
mean." 

Fresh, (interrupting) — It means 
he's too old. 



20 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Y. M. C. A. NOTES. 



W. C. WICKER, Editor. 



There is no part of College work 
more pleasant and profitable than the 
Association work, and one would 
have been compelled to acknowledge 
this, had he been present Sept. 4th, at 
thatgrand re-union of the Association 
workers, whose influence have done 
so much to elevate the moral and re- 
ligious condition of the student body. 
Bro. W. J. Laine, the president of 
last session, led the meeting with 
much enthusiasm, discussing various 
features of the Association work. 
Great interest was manifested by all 
the members of the Association. 

Sept. 7th, Mr. Brockmann, who has 
a wide experience in this work, ad- 
dressed the Association on the many 
things that have called forth the most 
earnest of College men from the origin' 
of this grand movement down to the 
present. We gladly welcomed him 
among us, and hope that we may 
have him again. 

As a result of his work in connec- 
tion with that of Mr. E. Moffitt there 
have been two Bible training classes 
organized. Mr. Moffitt, who attended 
the Summer school at Knoxville, 
Tenn. and took a course of Bible 
study along the personal work, has 
charge of a class of ten members, pre- 
paring them for personal work. 

Mr. B. F. Long teaches another 



class of nine, which is studying the 
Gospel of Luke. 

There will soon be another class 
organized to be taught by correspon- 
dence. 

At the Business meeting held Sept. 
8th, thirty-three new members were 
received. 

There are only one or two young 
men in College who have not united 
with us, and if prayer and solicitation 
will win them over, they will soon 
join our ranks for God and the right. 

Sept. nth, Mr. J. M. Cook led the 
meeting by reading some scriptures, 
then Mr. Moffitt gave a full descrip- 
tion of his trip to the Summer School, 
and the various lines of work pursued 
there. It was indeed interesting and 
profitable to us to view the Associa- 
tion along its various lines of activity. 
This gives us an impetus that will be 
felt the entire year. 

Sept. i8th, Mr. W. D. Harward 
led the meeting, using the subject: 
" Preparation in Work." This subject 
was discussed by a number of young 
men in a manner that showed their 
deep and abiding interest in the work. 

Sept. 25th, Mr. W. H. Boone chose 
as his the subject, " Confession." 
This was truly a meeting that will not 
be forgotten. Much interest was 
manifested. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



21 



The Mission report for Oct. 2nd 
shows that Messrs. E. Moffitt and W. 
P. Lawrence will discuss the following 
subjects before the entire student 
body, namely, "History of the Inter- 
Collegiate Movement and Climax of 
of Missions." We anticipate a treat 
from these young men who have made 
the subject much study. 

Mr. J. H. Jones fills a mission point 
at Gibsonville under the auspices of 
the association, and Mr. W. J. Laine 
at Mt. Vernon. 

There will soon be other points 



found and supplied with preaching by 
the committee that has been appoint- 
ed to look after this phase of the 
work. 

The Association work during last 
year was by no means a failure, but 
we expect to see a grander success 
during the present year. Let every 
young man work for the progress of 
the Association and not only will its 
influence be felt in the college, but 
throughout the entire community, and 
God will abundantly pour out His 
spirit upon us. 



Advertisements. 



DARDEN & GAY, 




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Ladies' Dongola Glazed Kid and French Kid from $1.50 to $6.00. 

Gents' Fine Patent Leather, French Calf and Cordovan, $2.00 to $7.00. 

Special inducements to College Students. Biggest Stock. Lowest Prices. 

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NEXT TO FISHBLATE'S. 

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Leading Clothieris and Furnishers* 

OtJMS. JfEOTVO : Produce the best goods ever offered to the public, and at the 
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Our Stock of New Fall Clothing comprise both CUTAWAYS AND SACKS of the 
latest styles and shades. 

Anything you want in the 

CLOTHING AND FURNISHING LINE 

You can always find in our extensive assortment and at the closest possible prices. 
Elon Boys are invited to give us a call while at the State Fair. 

CROSS & LINEHAN, 

210 FayetteviUe Street, I^-A-XjEIO-ia:, 1^. C. 



Advertisements. 



20 Per Cent. Disc't from List Prices. 



Headquaiters for Foot Ball, Base Ball, 
Gymnastic, Athletic, Bicycle Clothing and 
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Send for Catalogue — free. 

wm. wood, . 

25 West 125th St., New York City, N. Y. 



DR G. W. KERNODLE, 

ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Calls in the country promptly attended to. 
Office over the Drug Store. 

J, A. LONG, 



^?TaaN]iY»OT«L^W 



'» 



GRAHAM, N. C. 



DR. GEO. W. LONG, 



EXAMINER IN PRACTICE OF MEDICINE. 



GRAHAM, N. C. 



Mi'8. Kate E. Tlioinpsoii, 



LEADING MILLINER 



OF ALAMANCE COUNTY. 



You are always welcome at her Millinery 
Parlor. 



New P. O. Building, 



BURLINGTON, N. C 



S. L. ALDERMAN, 



Finest work at short notice. 



A COMPLETE LINE OF FRAMES, 



Give me a call. 



Suiitli Kim St., (iUKKNSBOUO, N. C. 



Advertisements. 






GOOD CONVEYANCES. 

PRICES REASONABLE 



Patronage of Elon Students S 'licited. 



G ii X W i4» h£ i4s L 3u - 



m. mmo^LmoM 4 i^Q, 



DEALERS IN 



China, Glass Ware, Etc. 

Fine Lamps and Chandeliers a Specialty. 

219 S. Elm St., GEfiENSBOHO, N. C. 

—THE" 

ODELL TYPE WRITER. 



^On ^^^' buy the Odell Type Writer 
^ZU with 78 characters, and $15 for the 
Single Case Odell, warranted to do better 
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It combines simplicity with durability, 
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Reliable agents and salesmen wanted. 
Special inducfments to dealers. 

For pamphlet giving indorsements, &c., 
address 

ODELL TYPE WRITER CO., 

85 & 87 Fifth Ave., Chicago, 111. 



Dr. J. R. STOCKARD. Dr. W. S. LONG, Jr., D. D S, 

DENTAL SURGEONS, 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 



Office over Cntes & Co 's Drug Store, oppo- 
site Morchead Bank. 



SHELBURN'S GALLERY, 

Is the place for 

Fii'st'flass Photographs. 

MISS MAGGIE REESE, 

LEADING MILLINER 

OF RALEIGH, N. C- 

MMi ii tie Mllerf LiBfi 

ALWAYS ON HAND 



The young ladies < f Elon College are invited 
to call while- in the city. 



Sp cial attention given to orders by mail. 



MISS MAGGIE REESE, 

Fayetteville St., RALEIGH, N. C. 



ADVERTrSEMENTS. 



D. W. a HAEEIS, 

SoVLtla. Blo-aan-t Street, n.A-ZLiE!XC3-I^, 2^. C. 
It is positively the most reliable house for 

RENOUTING GENTS' AND LADIES CLOTHING 

Send sample job, which will be shipped to you free of charge. 
Address all orders to 

GREENSBORO STEAM LAUNDRY, 

111, 113 and 113 ^'4 West Market St.', GREENSBORO, N. C 



S .^^ m S r^ -A. O T I C JST C3- XJ .^ :R -.^ iT T E E H) . 
The patronage of College Students and Professors solicited. 



Proprietor. 



JUST OFEISTEID! 

NEW STORE! NEW GOODS! 

We are here to stay. Come once and you'll come again. 

QOMm^wt FmoBw'c^ji n^m^mw amm mo^hm. 

Give us a call and be convinced. 



ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 



ArrVERTlSEMENTS. 



J. SOUTHGATE h SOH, 



rE:isrEi^^.^ij 



Life, Fire and Accident Insurance Agents. 

DURHAM, N. G. 



Consult OS about Companies and Rates before insuring your life or 
property. 



ORDER YOUR 



Bailee, Igiate, Wateto^^ 



'5) "" <I^^^KS.^mj) 



And everything needed in the Jewelry Line from Headquarters. 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 

Our best Testimonial — Thousands of Satisfied Customers. 

.OUTHEMIf JEWELHT HOUSE 



1028 Main Street, - - LYNCHBURG, VA. 



Advertisements. 



® SCMd^sSSE 



Clothier, Hatter and Gentlemen's Furnisher. 

CUSTOM-MADE SUITS A SPECIALTY. 

§. W« lOLT t SON, 

DRESS GOODS. NOTIONS AND SHOES 

A SI^ECIALTY. 

Full Line of Fresh CONFECTIONERIES Always on Hand. 

BURLINGTON, N C- 



HOLT, WILLIAMSON h CO., 

HEADQUARTERS FOR 

Novelties, Dress Goods, Trimmings, Notions, Clothing, &c. 

We Suit Everybody in SHOES and GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS. 

Make our place of l)n^5iness your headquarters while in Burlington. 



Advertisements. 



C. A. BOONE & SON, 

Ne\^ Store! Fresh Goods! 

FULL LINE OF 

Family Groceries, Notions, Ladies' Dress Goods and Shoes. 

OUR PRICES SUIT ALL GIVE US A CALL 

Elon ColUge^ JV, C 



Leading Merchants of Graham. 

A SPECIAL LINE OF 

Glotliii, Hats, Sloes, Dress Goofls ant Gfiits' Fnmislii Goofls. 

LATEST STYLES OF COLLARS, CUFFS AND TIES. 

JUST IN TIME FOR FALL GOODS! 



THE SEASON HAS OPENED AT 






Js/Louin Street, B-arlington, IST. O. 

He now has his NEW FALL STOCK ready for inspection. Call 
in and be convinced that his prices are the LOWEST. 



Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR FINE CLOTHING 



— AT- 






We have just received our Mammoth Pall and Winter Stock of 

Clothing, Hats and Furnistiing Goods 



and it includes everything in the way of 



Wear for Men, Yontlis, Bojs and Children. 



We are Sole Agents in Greensboro for the following Popular, First-Class Houses: 



Strouss Bros. High Art Clothing for Men and Boys, 

Progress Superior Made Children's Knee Pant Suits, 

Goodman Bros. & Co.'s Clay and Fancy Worsted Suits and Box Overcoats, 
The World Renowned "Knox" Hats — best in the land. 

The Triest $3 00 S'ifT Hats, best for the price made, every hat guaranteed, 
The celebrated Pearl Shirt Co. and E. & L. Linen Collars and Cuffs. 



We invite all to give us a call and will treat you cordially and cheerfully show you through 
our mammouth establishment whether you wish to purchase or not. 

Yours very respectfully, 

F. FISHBLATE, 

Salesmen :--W. R. Rankin, J. W. Crawford, J. P. Scott, D. S. Hoover, L. C. Howlett. 

^^Our line of Samples for Custom Work for Fall and Winter now open for inspection. 
Over 1,000 styles to select from. 



WE ARE 



ON T- 





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n,tmr:m0' 



-^T^ mmm 






JHXSJEOWiaOXMr ^Sz:^ •S^0T3W0> 



K1.0K' ':€3o i^i^-Kca-E 



in I ■ ' 1 I i^^mfi^im^ I I ■ I II i ili i il j 




jl|l«» 1 



^^ou-aro \nv\imiio call w^^ili^ jn tiio Uii^^t 



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iijljlil)lk4] 




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IN FACT ALL KIHPS OF LEATHtt! iiOUOS. 

■];_5^T"0''?<=^t- Bfer^V ! ' Xdwsst Prices- 

H£i:<I.£B BROS., 






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/ ^U.^^1-.^C^-€U^ /W^2^ 




Id 9:b 



No. 2. 



11 1<: 



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PUBLISHED BY THE (^^ / ^^— »-^ 

LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Eton nnij..Fr;r, N, C. 







EDITOHI AU STA FF 



PROF. R. G. KENDRICK, MANAGING EDITOR. 

l'lirint,ujinii Siiiiitu: Clin Snc.irh/: l'xi,tllfli(l)l Socht ii: 

W.C. WICKER. W.H.ALBRIGHT, MiSS AN N I E GR AH A M . 

BUSINESS MANAGERS. 



I •Inl,. !■■,!!'< 

G. Wl. SMITH. 



a:,, >ii, iifii: l'xiji)i,\i,in Sitciftfi: 

J.H.JONES, MISS ROWENA MOFFITT 



n 

> 
■^ 




.^2^ip^ CONTENTS, p^i: 

I'MlHOTnl SpoiictT. ( 'LKfU-ATH .\ l^■\ W l - 

Wliat Next/ K. H . Vv.VA 

< 'oiii plaints of MisjjpvernnuMit. Ji. T. II 

lie No Lonfrer I'erjtlexpd. Eufah MrtKKirr 

lienetits of Poetic, Criticism. \V 

.lohnMilton." J. AV. Rawj.s 

Km TDiUA i.> -SifjMfiof Trouble in F.urope ^' ^^ 
Literary Societies. AV. C. W 

.lournnlj.'^ni. W. H. AliBRUiin 

IJeadinjr llooui Visitf>rs, U. Ct. K . . 



VaVHh 



LOCAI..'!*. 

Y. M. C. .\ 

Ai-r.MM N<>:ri~ 
I-; V, II \ \. .Ks. . . . 



W . (■ W M :<l|; 



/, 






CO 



IVE 



SI 



Class _... 



Book -..„ 



<,* tOVlEfif UBf,^^ 




ELON COLLEGE, N. C 



JZ.^ M.^. /3J^ 



M, 



NGTON, N. C. 



hoor>s. 

f Elon are invited to 

OUR STOCK OF 



g and 

rrimmings. 



OUR LINE OF jnOEi IJ COnPLETE. 

WE Q/1N SUIT TOM. TRY M5 - * - * ^ ^ * - 

DAVIS STREET. COBLE & FOGrLEMAN, burltngtox, n. a 



CAI^t, AT 



^H .H. CARTLANDS^^ 

Alf P GE^T A NICE 

^FOUR-m-Ji/fllD, or TECK SC/IRF 

PLAIN, Oil E>iBROIT)ERED IN THE LATEST STYLES. 
fK> i (_<->■' r 1 i<^ *> { -\\ <~;^ r^ r> aX . V i- ^ J -> 



Umbrellas and Canes in Latest Styles. 



I am in RI'ULINGTON, and as usual, carrying a complete line of 



a©t4) i j^ij^ f MijiiSip ri|3 mmV^ ttt« 



A visit will convince you that I ha\e the 



|:Lar^est Stock and Lowest Prices: 

If you don't believe it, try me. 
(i) (ejgje (t) re) (§)_(i)_ fi) (€) (g) (e) (t) (g) (e) (e) ^\J^ "F HJSL 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 




J 



Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR 



HfJE CLOTHING, HATS AND GENTSTURNISHING GOODS 



C. M:. iriLMSXOKY & GO'S. 



AVe have the lar'.^est and finest stock of NEW Clothing and Hats ever seen in 
North Carolina, and all of the best makes and latest styles. 

We sell SCHLOSS BROS & CO'S. THE STEIN BLOTCH CO'S. Tailor Made 
and STROUSE BRO'S., Fine Dress and School Suits for Men, Progress Superior 
Made and the Gold Medal Fine Boy's and Children's Clothing in Short and Long 
Pants Suits. 

We have the finest stock of HATS intlie city. The Celebrated John B. Stetson, 
"Melville,'' and the World Renowned .^5.00 Yeoman Hat, in all shapes. 

We invite all Elon College Students and Professors to make our store head- 
quarters when in the city. Very Respeetfullj", 

C. M. VANSTORY & CO., 

Leading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, 
216 South Elm Street. GREENSBORO, N. C. 



CUXCMIK ACO-5 

GREENSBORO, N. C, 

Offer ycni tlie finest assortments and the best selections at the lowest possible 
prices in the city. 

HATS.— Tlie latest styles and best shape. Also agents for the Celebrated 
Dunlap Hats. 

FINE SHOES.— (Jur specialty. A complete line— the best. Have them all 
made and can duplicate any shoe in stock, 

UNDERWEAR.— The best that can be secured. Every suit is perfect. A fine 
line that will suit you. 

SCARFS, BOWS ANJJ TIES.— They need only to be seen and they sell. The 
prettiest line, the latest styles, the most fashionable shapes. 

COLLARS AND CUFFS.— All stvles and latest shapes. All pure linen and 
tlie best. 

TRViNK5,V/ILI5E-r.TRrf\/ELINQ BA^J ilNb UMBRELL/l/. 

|gr H vhn can'l iftlh trrttr ntirt jfrtniir fntnrtiiwttnTt rtin itnnf. S«tf«fKrtif<ii unhrrttltt-bd. 



Ui)IISEi,a) l9El®/\t^TV]EK|T. 



MANAGrEES: 
S. M. SMITH, Traveling Agent, 

Miss ROWENA MOFFITT, Soliciting Agent, 

J. H. JONES, Mailing Agent. 



RATES OF ADVERTISING: 

1 Page, 1 insertion $350 I 1 Page, 10 months. 

i " 1 " 2.50 U " " " •. 

-I- " 1 " 1.50 I l; " ^' " . 

i- '' 1 '• 1.00 + " " " . 



$30.00 

22.00 

14.00 

7.00 



i^^Subscribers not receiving their Monthly will please notify the mailing 
Agent Always notify him of the change in your P. O. address. 

Subsefibei»s ixiill Please Pay theif Dues at Onse. 



gTUTSHNTi,' -©ii^seTOi^y. 



ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Elon College Mon'thi-y 

Elon Colleg:e. 

Henidoa & Younpr, Druggists, Students' Supplies. 

T. E. Porter & Co, (ieaeral Merchandise. 

C. A. Boone & Son, Groceries, Notions- 

Dr. G. W. Kernodle, Ptjysiciaii. 

BURLINGTON, N.. C. 

W. E. Hay, Clothing. Dry Goods. 

Stockard & Long, Surgeon Dentists. 

Mrs. Iv. E. Thompson, Milliner. 

J. H. Slielburn, Pliotographer. 

Coble & Fogicraan, General Merchandise. 

C. F. Neese, Watchmalver, .Teweler. 



GREENSBORO, N. C. 

F. Fisliblate, Clothing, Gents' Furnishing. 

C. M. Vanstory & <'o.. Clothiers and Hatters 

Darden & Gay, Shoes, 
I S. L, Alderman, Photograjiher. 
i Cutchin ^;Co., Hatters, Gents' Neckwear. 
i H, H. Cartland, Neckwear, Umbrellas, Canes 
J E. M. Caldclough & Bro., ohina, Glassware. 
: Greensboro Steam Laundry. 

I RALEIGH, N. C, 



GRAHAM, N. C. 



L.^B' Holt & Co., Clothing tieitts Furoishing- 

J. A. Long, Attorney at I^aw. 

Dr. G. W. Long,E.xaminer jin Practice of Medicine 

DURHAM, N. C. 

T. .L Lambe, clotliing. hats, gents. I'urnishing. 
J. Southgate \' Son, Insurance. 



: Heller Bros , Shoes. Trunks. Leather Goods. 
I D. W. i\ Harris,Steam Dye Works. 
Miss i\Iaggie Reese, Milliner. 

CHICAGO, ILL., 

i Odell Type Writer Company. 



t 



LYNCHBURG. VA. 

F. D. .Tohnsou & Son., Badges, :^^'^dals, Watches 



THE 



ELOJM COLLZQZ MOJ^THLY. 



VOL. 11. 



NOVEMBER, 1892, 



NO. 2. 



NOTICK. 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 



Correspondents will please send all matter in- i One dollar per scholastic year, cash in advance, 
tended for publication to | Remittances should be made payable to 

W. H. ALnHIGHT. I HT'SINESS MANAGERS, 

Elon Colleg:e, N. C. |, of Klon College Monthly. 



EDMUND SPENSER, 



The fact that many of the bright 
lights in the literary world are rap- 
idly going out, and as yet, no 
others have arisen whose intellect- 
ual stature leads us to hope that 
they will be able to take their 
places, — should arouse the rising 
generation and incite them to make 
still greater exertions to '•climb 
the heights of learning" and pre- 
pare themselves to fill the vacan- 
cies thus left in the intellectual 
world. The immortals in any 
-oneration are but few, but it can 
\\itli truth be said that Edmund 
■^penser will be remembered by 
nuiny long after some are forgotten 



who now occupy a larger part of 
public attention than he does. It 
has been said that Spenser was a 
most genuine poet, and should be 
justly placed after Milton and 
Shakespeare and above all other 
poets. Spenser was born in Lon- 
don in the year of 1552. He was 
educated at the Merchant Taylors" 
Grammar School, and afterwards 
took a higher course in the Univer" 
sity of Caiubridg-^. After acquir" 
ing mucli culture at the University 
hebegan his work as a poet. 

Spenser spent sometime in 
northern England where he fell in 
love with Rosa Lynde, a daughter 



The Elox CoLLE(iE Monthly. 



of a widow of the glen, but on 
account of his rival his love was 
not returned. While there he 
wrote the Shepherd's Calendar in 
the composition of which he found 
comfort in his grief and disappoint- 
ment as a lover. His disappoint- 
ment drove him to the southern 
part of England. After this he 
remained for several years without 
the slightest thought of marriage; 
but in the year of 1593 he fell in 
love with a lady by the name of 
Elizabeth, a beautiful country girl. 



and they were married about the 
year 1594. The publication of Spen- 
ser's work made him the first poet 
of the day, it being so musical, so 
fresh that men of England at last 
claim that they have a poet as orig- 
in al as Chaucer. The close of Spen- 
ser's life was sorrowful. Broken- 
hearted, poor, but not forgotten, 
the poet died in a London tavern, 
in the year 1599, and was buried 
by the side of Chaucer in West- 
minster Abbey. 

Cleopatra Rawls. 



WHAT NEXT? 



While sailing over the sea of 
life, new scenes are continually 
presenting themselves to our view 
This is well; for the Creator has so 
made the human mind that a con- 
tinuation of the same scene be- 
comes monotonous. Thus He so 
arranged nature that the objects 
which give us^sensations of pleas- 
ure or of pain are continually 
changing. While we are enjoying 
the scenes of the present, our 
minds often involuntarily Avander 
back over the unchang£ible past, 
we then try to forecast the future 
in anxious anticipation of w^hat 
will be the next scene that pre- 
sents itself upon life's stago; and 
often, before it comes to our view, 
we ask the question "What next?'' 



This is frequently the inquiry 
of men, women and children. 
The child, as soon as it reaches an 
age at which its mind is capable 
of thinking, looks forward with 
pleasant anticipations to the time 
when it will have reached the age 
of manhood or womanhood, and 
wonders what changes will take 
place before that supposed happy 
period is reached. The youth as 
he enters upon life's duties, espec- 
ially if he is laboring ui.der 
embarrassing circumstanres, and 
if his future looks somewhat dark, 
often wonders and asks himself 
the question. "How much more 
sorrow and darkness must I expe- 
rience before my prospects will be 
brightened by the hope of success." 



The Elon College Monthly 



3 



He forgets that success is only to 
those who are willing to endure 
the heat of the day, and must, if it 
is obtained at all, be dearly 
bought. 

The Creator has wisely veiled 
the future from us, knowing that 
many who would otherwise reach 
success, if the}^ could see their 
pathway when they first start, 
would quake with fear to take up 
the responsibilities, and in many 
cases would give up in despair. 

Thoughts of the past are benefi- 
cial so far as we profit by our past 
mistakes. Thoughts of the future 
are useful so far as we seek to 
know our duty and prepare to per- 
form it. 

Each person living can look 
upon his past actions as having 
greatly influenced his present con- 
dition. Just so will our present 
actions greatly tell what our future 
life will bo. Especially will our 
actions during our younger days 
influence our after life. Youth' 
swiftly passes by; the time allotted 
to us to prepare for futui'e life is 
soon nuiTibered with the things of 



the pas.. Then what will come 
next depends very largely upon 
what has gone before. 

He wlio thinks little or nothing 
of his past life will hardly grow 
better; while he who spends his 
time grieving o"''er what is irrevo- 
cably past does that which is worse 
than useless, and will reap "noth- 
ing but leaves.'' 

He Avho watches and waits for 
the future to bring some success or 
happiness without preparing for 
life's duties and the recej'tion of 
success, will never be the recipient of 
such happiness; while he who looks 
to the future with a view of pre- 
paring himself for life's mark, 
and for the performance of his 
Maker's will, no matter through 
what scenes he may be called to 
pass, his efforts will be crowned 
wi;'i success. He will receive 
ha;)pin* ss in this life; and, when 
dej ill < vertakes hirn, he can look 
iup.n it as being only a. pleasant 
: strjourn in a weary land, which 
i has prepared him to enjoy the 
1 bliss in the realms of the eternal 
Bevond. R. H. Peel. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



'[PLAINTS OF MISGOYERNMENT, 



This government was established 
by liberty loving people. At the cost 
of a long and bloody war. By long 
suffering and hard fighting they suc- 
ceeded in setting up the best gov- 
ernment law devised by the mind 
of man. In the hands of Wash- 
ington, Jefferson, Hamilton and a 
numljer of other good men it sub- 
served the best interest of people; 
and if it were still in the hands of 
such men it would be the pride and 
boast of all who share its benefits. 
But scheming politicians and dem- 
agogues, who make their own 
aggrandizement paramount to all 
else have seized the reins of gov- 
ernment, and are indifferent to the 
welfare of the Nation. We hear 
complaints of misgovernment on- 
all sides almost daily. The col- 
umns of our newspapers and mag- 
gazines are filled with the repeated 
cries for ' 'reform. " " Men are clam- 
oring loud and earnestly for 
something, they know not wdiat. 
Men have grown restless and 
formed parties urging claims, both 
various and sundry. Many of 
them want a revolution but they 
know not where to begin. One 
wants to correct this evil, another 
that, while the great source of all 
the evils remains unnoticed. 



' What we want is a government of 
j the people and for the people. If 
j we could get all of our people 
j together in one assembly, and these 
! choose our officers, we might have 
a government of the people. This, 
: however, is impractable. A small 
i number of voters meet in certain 
I districts and choose their delegates. 
I These delegates meet delegates 
\ from other districts to choose dele- 
! gates to a higher convention and 
I so on until there is a national con- 
; vention composed of delegates from 
States who are themselves delega- 
ted by the lower assemblies even 
! down to the from village to town- 
ship primary. Thus we find that 
] the arrangement for selecting our 
1 public officers is unsatisfactory as 
i the delegates represent not amajor- 
i ity of the people however the plan 
[ comes nearer to a government' 
of the people than any other that 
has yet been devised, and if the 
primaries were well attended, we 
I would have delegates representing 
in reality their respective districts. 
Then if bad men should be cho- 
sen the people would be responsi- 
ble for their failure. 

How many of our voters attend 
these primary assembly's, actually 
less than one fourth take part in 



The Elox Collegs Monthly. 



the iiomiTiations. But remember 
out of this small number comes not 
only the members of the second 
cranch of the legislature, but all 
other nominations throughout our 
country. These very few people 
Avho thus neglect their civic duties 
are the ones that have made such 
a tyrade against the government. 
Our negligent citizens should be 
minded that they will lose more by 
the neglect of civic duties than 
they wili gain by fidelity to their 
business. In every important elec- 
tion the voters are urged to go like 
patrols to the polls and save our 
countrv from ruin. But if bad 



'candidates are chosen there is but 

, little use of voting, as voting plays 

! only a secondary part in our elec- 

; tions. . If good men are chosen we 

will have good officers, and the 

result wilt be, we will haqe good 

, ][aws and justly administered. 

jWhat we need to-day is conserv- 

} ative men in ollice, men who are 

willing to spend their powers in 

the interest of the nation. With 

I corrupt affairs baniched from the 

jhelm, conservative men will guide 

the "ship of state" aright. Then 

i we will have a government built on 

, a solid foundation that of integrity 

and virtue. R. T. H. 



BE NO LONGER PERPLEXED, 



Only a few years ago the moth- 
ers of our country spent many 
Avcarisome days and restless nights 
taying to solve the perplexing- 
question — "What am I to do with 
my dear boy?" They seemed to 
realize the fact that in the advan- 
ing age of the nineteenth ccnrury, 
a young man must have an educa- 
tion in order to keep apace with 
the times; to bo able to gra])ple 
with the important qvestions which 
daily present themselves for solu- 
tion: and to perform the niii>.sion 



that the all-wise and merciful 
Heavenly Father has imposed upon 
him here on earth. No one, save 
a mother, can imagine the anxiety 
and awful responsibility resting 
upon her in the decision of that all 
important question. On the one 
hand, she knew that her boy could 
not receive the so much needed 
intellectual training by toiling day 
after day and year after year in 
the corn field, that he could not 
become fitted for the true work of 
i life by remaining at home. On the 



TuE Elon College Monthly. 



other hand she looked at the con- 
ditions and surroundings of college 
life. There she saw the "majority 
of young men seeking physical 
pleasure rather than intellectual 
growth; there she saw young men 
seated around a table with a deck 
of cards in the hand and a flask of 
whiskek in the pocket instead of 
searching for knowledge and try- 
ing to accomplish the end lor wnich 
they had been sent there. There 
she saw on Sunday the crowd of 
young men traversing hill and 
dale in persuit of wild game. 
Seemingly they had lost sight of 
the God who made them and were 
desecrating the holy Sabbath in 
every possible way. Behold the 
mother with her boy standing, as 
it were, in the midst of a v^ast wil- 
derness, knowing that to re";uain 
still is only to die in seclu ion vitlr 
duty unperfcrmed, and tc pro'^eed 
the chances are that he will be 
drawn aside from the paths of rec- 
titude and right by the innumer- 
able temptations and influences for 
evil. 

While we appreciate the great 
responsibility resting upon a moth- 
er at that time, our hearts swells 
with gladness and thanksgiving 
that we are now enabled to raise our 
voice and proclaim to her the joy- 
ful tidings — "the way to f uccess is 
now open." God in his providence 
has broken down the barriers and 
has swept awny the stron: liolds of 
satan. In His power an 1 might 
He has wrenched from thu hand of i 



j the evil one the colleges of our 

; country which have so long been 

1 nets for entangling the youth of 

the land and denying to it of the 

I glorious truths of the Gospel and 

; of everything else that tended to 

I the well-being of mankind. Not 

, only has he taken these from satan, 

j but he now uses them as colabor- 

• ers in the great work of bringing 

j the world in subjection to his son. 

j Mothers, you may no longer fear, 

but you may find in the colleges of 

to-day a safe anchorage for your 

i boys. Here they may be drilled 

in mathematics; here they may 

pry into the mysteries of the sci- 

I ences; here may they review the 

i pages of history; here may they 

I become acquainted with the anci- 

i ent languages; here may they be 

I prepared to skilfully handle the 

important questions of the day. 

Not only are the eyes trained to 
see, the mind to plan and the 
hands to execute, but the still 
higher qualities of man are care- 
fully guarded and built up in 
strength and purity. Besides the 
religious influences in the class 
room, the heart is purified by the 
study of valuable lessons and noble 
characters in the Sunday School 
lessons; by hearing the truths of 
the Gospel expounded by the chos- 
en servants of God; by meeting in 
the Y. M. C. A. hall to exchange 
ideas and to receive encourage- 
ment from each other; by coming 
in close communion with God; and 
by having continual fellowship 



The Elox College Monthly. 



with Christ. 

Here, where they are surrounded 
by young men whose walks are 
upright and conversations Godly, 
the little germ of religion implant- 
ed in the heaxt while at the moth- 
er's knee is continually nourished 
causing it to spring up and bring 
forth much fruit to the glory of 



God and the welfare of mankind. 

Instead of the old prevail ng 
sentiment — "School days are short? 
enjoy them while you can,"' you 
find "Seek ye first the kingdom of 
Gi-dandall these thing's sliall be 
added unto you.'' 

Elijah Moffitt. 



BENEFITS OF POETIC CRITICISM, 



Many would confine the term, 
criticism to the narrow province 
of what is really adverse criticism. 
In fact, many people would not 
regard a person that sees and 
admires the good, the beautiful, 
and the true, as a critic, but would 
confine the term critic to those who 
notice alone something that is bad, 
deformed or faulty. It is our pur- 
pose to take this subject in its 
broadest sense, including both the 
criticism that is applied to the 
excellent qualities of literature as 
well as to those that are faulty. 

Poetry is the highest type of lit- 
erature found in any language. 
It is classed with art, music and 
painting. There are more quali- 
ties involved in poetry than in any 
other kind of literature, hence the 
field for criticism is the broadest 
found in the realm of literature. 

No one will deny that there i>i 
a great benefit to be derived ii. 
criticising the vocqbulai'3% senten- 



cep and figures of speech in any 
literary production, becaUvSe it 
brings into practice the finest dis- 
criminative and perceptive powers 
of the mind. 

I The more tliese povv-ers are cul- 
itivated, the more acute tl oy 
j be;"ome, and the critic is enabled to 
I see more of the hidden truths of 
poetry. 

^Vhat is there to be gained in 
sciatinizing the beauties that are 
in art and paintings? The same 
benefit may be derived from criti- 
I cising poetry. In a collection of 
poems we find au art gallery in 
which ideal pictures areiJainted in 
the most artistic sty]" Pooiry :.p- 
pealstothe fii.erfeeliiig.< "finan's 
nature and his fellings are indirect 
conmiunication Avith his soul, ajid 
. by looking closely into the qualities 
of poetry one is .Miabled to see some 
thi.tg of thesj)w;!taneous outburs!;^ 
of ihe mind. Some would sm}' that 
' poetry is too mechanical liut not 



The Elox CoLLp](iE Monthly. 



so, for true poetry is the most nat- 
ural kind of literature. In all lan- 
guages poetry precedes prose. Its 
expression may be somewhat 
mechanical it is true, but the 
underlying principle of thought 
is true to nature. 

When we criticise poetry we are 
dealing with literature in its clos- 
est relation to nature. Prose is 
the vehicle of ordinary thought 
and all men use it and are familiar 
with some of its varied forms of 
expression. But not so with 
poetry. Only a few can write 
poetry. "Poets are born, not 
made.'* 

There are a multiplicity of forms 
of expression found in poetry that 
are not permitted in prose and 
only a small number can fully 
understand the art of writing 
poetry. All may have a mechani- 
cal knowledge of these qualities 
but they are not natural to any 
except a real poet. However the 
study of these qualities are refining 
in their nature to all who study 
them. The study of the qualities j 
of poetry exerts the same influence \ 
on the mind that any other study 
would exert. The study and criti- 
cism of poetry might be made as ! 
practical as that of Greek and as ' 
pleasant as that of art or music. 1 
By combining practicability and I 
pleasure, students are led to ai 
deeper insight into the best ele- ! 
ments of poetic diction and expres- ; 
sion. The refining influence which j 
-poetie criticism exerts cannot be 



overestimated. It deals with the 
greatest vocabulary, the broadest 
range of expression, the highest 
flight of imagination and the most 
picturesque scenery that literature 
possesses. There is nothing in 
history, in biography or in science, 
in philosophy or in romance that 
i cannot find a place in poetry. 
I While the province of poetry is so 
; broad and extensive yet it pre- 
serves that dignity of expression 
that places it above the literature 
of common life. The more com- 
plex a living organism is in the 
physical world, the higher it is 
placed in the different orders of 
: life, so the more complex an object 
of pleasure is, the greater will be 
■ its capacity for producing pleasure; 
i hence, there is more pleasure in 
: criticising poetry than any other 
I form of literature as it is the most 
I complex. 

I The benefits that are to be 
j derived from poetic criticism, as 
i compared with that of prose, ar^^ 
I in the same proportion as poetic 
qualities are to the qualities of 
prose. As poetry is more complex 
than prose, it is evident that stud- 
ying these various qualities will 
educate more qualities of the mind. 
The benefits of poetic criticism 
are not confined alone to the influ- 
ence that it exerts over the mind, 
but there is a great benefit to be 
derived in learning the various 
styles of poetic expression. In 
becoming familiar vv^ith the vari- 
ous poets that have lived we expe- 



The Elox College Monthly. 







rience a pleasure and are educated 
alons? the line of appreciation of 
the beautiful. What man is more 
beloved than Longfellow, among 
the great literary charactei'S of 
America. It is a great benefit to 
be familiar with all the poets of 
not only our own but also of all 
lands. 

No education can be considered 
complete without a knowledge of 
Chaucer, Milton, Shakespere and 
many lesser lights in constellation 
of poetic genius. There is no work 
in the college course in English, 
that is more pleasant than the 
application of principles in prose i 
and poetic criticism and the high- [ 
est tj'pe of criticism is found in ' 
poetry. There is nothing thatj 
makes the student as familiar! 
with poetjy and its influence on | 
the world of thought as looking at j 
it from a literary standpoint, j 
There can never be too much j 
importance attached to this study ! 
of our own language. While some 
would place great importance upon j 
the critical studv of Homer and! 
Virgil, still they should bej 
regarded as means to the bitter 
understanding of our own lan- 



guage. If as much time were 
spent in studying the great English 
epic, Paradise Lost, as is spent on 
those formerly mentioned, doubt- 
less quite as much good would be 
; derived. 

When we read from the jjoems 
of our own tongue and study them 
critically, we are led into the most 
beautiful scenes, the most fascina- 
ting harmony, and the most charm- 
ing melody that have ever influ- 
enced the English speaking people. 

It is true that poetry cannot take 
the place of prose, neither can 
prose criticism be neglected for 
that of poetry, but after the neces- 
sary Avork has been done in the 
sphere of prose then we can o.scend 
to a greater field of beauty in stud- 
ying poetr}- and criticising the 
additional qualities found there to 
those found in prose. We think 
therefore that for polish and refine- 
ment in the study of the English 
language nothing surpasses poetic 
criticism. 

The sense of taste, and beauty 
is cultivated by this line of work 
as nothing else will cultivate it 
and one is led to see more to 
admire in what he reads. W. 



lu 



The Elon Collkgk Monthly, 



JOHN MILTON. 



The life and works of John Mil- 
ton are more than ordinary. To 
give a clear description of his 
character would be impracticable. 
Outside of Biblical history, no man 
has yet been known who seemed 
to have borne so close a relation to 
an inspired writer as did the "blind 
poet." His being seems to ha^ e 
been irreparably connected wilh 
that of the Divine. The eye of his 
mind seemed to penetrate the very 
portals of Heaven, and with a 
facile pen he gave to English read- 
ing people glowing pictures and 
profound truth. Would that every 
century could boast of its Milton! 

joliii Milton was born in London. 
Dec. U, i0o8. While yet a lad, his 
his father saw in his son the possi- 
bilif^y of his becoming a famous 
man, and he let no opportunity 
pass to fan every spark into a 
burning flame. He had the ad-ran- 
tage from youth of being instruct^-d 
by die very best tutors; and at tlie 
age of sixteen was matriculated 
into Chi'isVs College £it Cambridge. 
He remained there eight years the 
most of which time he spent study- 
ing the classics and the best litera- 
etur of that day. He took no inter- 
est in mathematics and science. 



Milton's manner was full of grace 
and dignity. This however,was in 
harmony with his being, yet on 
account of it the other boys named 
him "The Lady of the College." 

Having received his degree he 
went back to live with his father 
who was then residing in a quiet 
country home. Here he spent five 
years, and it is no doubt due to these 
years of solitude that he owes much 
of his success in after life. Here, 
being entirely without care, the 
information gained at College had 
time to become, as it were, a part 
of him; here his daily rambles over 
field and forest brought new objects 
of beauty, npon which he might 
meditate in his lonely hours. All 
of this played an important part in 
developing the poetic tendency of 
his mind, in shaping his future 
usefulness and in making him one 
of the most distinguished literary 
characters to be found in the litera- 
ture of any language. 

For several years Milton had 
entertained a fond hope of becom- 
ing a distinguished writer, but 
knew that in order to do so he 
must become acquainted with the 
laws, manners and customs of dif- 
ferent nations and be well informed 



The Elon College Monthly. 



11 



on all subjects. So at about the 
age of thirty he began his conti- 
nental wanderings. He visited 
the principal cities of Switzerland, 
Italy and France. He was intro- 
duced to the most illustrious men 
of that dav. 



weighed those of Salmasius, and 
he received public thanks. 

Milton has written many minor 

works, any of which would have 

imade his name immortal. Even 

some of his College exercises are 

rich literary productions, UAUe- 



Civil strife in England drew his qro and II Penseram, written 
attention homeward Soon after during the days of his stay in the 
his arrival in London he was ap- country, are without an equal; and 
pointed to the office of Latin Sec- where in literature may be found a 
retary, the duties of which he per- production that is cjomparable to 
formed with such fidelity that he ! his famous and immortal epic poem 
reflected credit upon himself and; — Paradise Lost? Of this, too much 
honor upon the government. I cannot be said. Since the days of 

It was during this period tliat its introduction to the public, its 
Cromwell was agitating the masses author has received the praises of 
of England, and that Charles the i men. All men of letters love to 
Second was driven from England; bow at his shrine. Scholarly men 
from which facts Salmasius, a \ love to do him homage. Yet this 
friend to the royal party, published . is far short of the praise of which 
a document, claiming the divine he is worthy. Few minds have 
right of kings. The argument such powers of penetration as did 
seemed so plausible and the reason- his. Nor was thought ever express- 
ing so logical that at first no one ed more beautifully than by him. 
was found who would attack it. Who can describe the grandeur of 



But Milton was equal to the occa- 
sion and accoadingly addressed 
himself to the task of refuting it 
The result of his labors was the 
publication of his Defoisio r<>puU 
An(/Jicait(i. His argument out- 



his verse? Who can estimate the 
number of souls that have been 
aided to a higher and nobler life by 
the solemn truths contained in his 
immortal literary productions? 
J. AV. Rawls. 



12 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Signs Of Trouble in HuFope. 



b}'- the greed of power, and their famine 



„ ,. , T ., T sLXiuiteii vKJLiLusiise out ui. Lue uuBb 'dua 

l* or some time past wc have witnessed , ^. . ^ ^ ^ . 

-r, . . , f • IP ! ashes oi social and political defrradation 

Kussia ffiyen over to lamiue and lurv, .,, , . , r , , , , 

. ,, , , „ _, ■' ' with murder m their hearts, the outlook 

and the iinemploved masses of Berlin : ^ i i -, ■ ^ 

, . . , ," . 1 M ,T 1 'Assumes the aspect ot blackest, night, 

plundering the bakeries, while thev made i ■ , ^ i , ,^ -, r'\ 

7, „..-.,,,,. , ;. I illuminated only by the torch ot the 

the welkin ring with their revolutianary I . i i i pi 

_ , ,, . ., „ , , , I incendiary and the gleam 01 the assassin s 

songs. But the spirit ot unrest broods ; , . ," , 

over other parts of Europe besides Kussia 

and Germany. In Enghxnd the farmers 

are engaged in a cru:sade championed by 

Gladstone, and the government is half 

way inclined to sanction a modified form 

of socialism. Francois moving onward 

in the same direction 



dao-crpv 



Liiterapy Societies. 



This is a time of great advancement 
is the various departments of human 
activity. Great questions are being 
In some countries ! weighed in the ballance of thought 
this movement is still more violent tlian ; Men and mind are in great demand, 
in France and England. i The closing scenes of the nineteenth 

Vienna is travelling the same road. . century need the most skilful actors that 
About 40.000 of her skilled and ever entered the stage of life. The 
common laborers aie out of work. They ' greatest tragedy of modern times i^ 
are starving and commiting suicide, and [ being introduced and to equal the 
when bread is distributed they fight over , demands of times, men must be prepared 
it with maniac.'?;! fury. ; with every precaution to take up their 

In Hungary the nativ-s are eating the respective parts and to meet the 
bark of trees. Sp.xin is struggling with : responsibilities that come upon them, 
the Anarchists. Indeed the restlessness ; The great men in this scene will come 
of the masses everywhere Sfcms to have from the institutions of learning and it 
reachrMl a vrl^u^. Siu-ii rulers as the depend.- larg"iy upon their improve- 
Russian Czar and the German Emperor . monts m the suciety as to their litness 
think and act through the medium o'^, for the momentous duties that will 
bayonets, but mercenary troops cannot devolve upon them. 

always be trusted in times of ) evolution. Theories of science, philcsiphy and 
Nearly every crowned head in Europe i.- nietapliy:-ics may bo leariied m the clats 
now trvingto decide whether there shall, room, but nowhere can there be more 
be war abroad or a reign of terror at ■ practical good tlerived tlian from the 
home, rtild Whsh fulei'S Ste dominated i^fork in tb(? litefi-try sncf^Ki^!?; EnftWl- 



The Elon Coluege Mo:,"tiily. 



1.^ 



edge without a cafiiicity to use it can 
never be called real power. The student 
tlmt acquires a broad range of knowledge 
without being able to put that knowledge 
into practice can never compete with 
those who are able to do so. Society 
work fits one for the practical duties of 
life more than any other branch of 
college work. Here young men can meas- 
ure intellects, expand their minds, and 
prepare themselves for every phase of 
life. The great literary characters of 
the future must come from the society 
halls of our colleges. Here some Amer- 
ican youtli may receive his first impress- 
ions of the magnetic power of oratory 
which will influence him to do for 
America what Cicero has done for the 
Romans or Demosthenes for the Greeks. 
The law, and ministry muat recieve 
their recruits from young men coming 
out from college and nothing would do 
more to fit them for their respective 
duties that the jiractice that is found 
alone in the societies. Here they will 
find a field for culture and improvement. 
The men that would influence the world 
with their logic, and eloquence find in 
this department of college life-and advan- 
tage that cannot be overestimated. 
Gladstone can do more. to move the 
masses of England to action in a few 
speeches than many men could do in a 
life time. The highest honors to be 
sought are to be found alone through the 
power of oratory. This power can be 
developed only by practice, and the eoci- 
ety aflbrds the ample opportunity for 
thiti work. The highest ambition of the 
college student of to-day shoidd be to be 
leader of society work tluMeby prepar- 



ing himself to meet successfully the bat- 
tles of life whatsoever be his place 
in the ranks. AV. 0. W. 

Journalism. 



In treating the subject of journalism 
the writer is confronted with many phases 
which if enlarged upon, would require 
more space than alloted to us in this 
editorial. It is our purpose to suggest 
and j)oint out some of the cardinal 
features whi-.h journalism of to-day 
embodies. The daily newspaper as now 
seen, with so many points of excellence, 
wielding so great an influence, having 
reached its highest stage of development 
in our large cities, impress the reader 
with the wide range of subject matter 
found in its columns and of its admirable 
arrangement of material. The most 
important conteiits of the newspaper is 
its news. Just here seems to be the 
keynote to the character and influence 
of journalism. The editorial page 
generally tells the merit of the journal to 
the reading public. The collection of 
crime and outrage, casualty and suffer- 
ing, exhibited and classified on the first 
orn«ws page of a leading morning daily 
presents not only a curious study for the 
philosopher, but a spectacle which 
might v.-ell make good men shudder. 
When the history of this age comes to 
be written, hnndreas of years hence, 
perhaps, there will be no better criter- 
ion by which to form some idea of the 
characteristics of the age, than a careful 
perusal of our newspapers. Taking into 
consideration the enormous influence for 
good or evil which is exerted by our 
journals it behooves the editors to striva 



14 



tnis Elon College Monthly. 



to jHirify the corrupt sentiment which 
pervades many of the so called leading : 
papers. When any crime or excitement I 
occurs, the papers are ready to give a ' 
full account of how it occurred, and the ' 
leading characteristics which go to make ; 
up the incident. Frequently is it the : 
case that each newspaper adds just a I 
littls to the horror of the crime, and ex- ' 
aggerates the story to such a degree | 
that the reader is sometimes led to doubt ' 
the veracity of the statement. Is it to 
be supposed that the editors and pro- ' 
prietors of the most powerful American \ 
journals prefer that which is low, foul and 
degrading to that which is pure, enobling 
and worthy of imitation^ ' 

Must it be inferred, on the other ] 
hand, that the reading public prefers of- ' 
fal to clean food? 

Certainly th«f responsibility lies be- 
twetn these two. It is the average man ! 
who reads the newspapei-s and the aver- i 
ag« man who profits by their adverti.«5- ' 
nients. 

Were the moral and intellectual tone; 
of the average man to be raised to a , 
higher plane, CQuld . some beneficent 
power cleanse and enoble the affections i 
and tastes of the masses, there would be \ 
a revolution in the character of the j 
editorial matter of the uewspapers of to 
day. Cleanse the fountainhead and the 
streams that flow therefrom Avill be as 
pure as the limpid waters of the moun- 
tain gorge. "Give the people what they j 
want, and that too, the very worst of it," 1 
might be an appropriate sentiment at the i 
head of the editorial page. While the , 
public may believe that the editor is j 



leading them, it is only in the way 
which they want to go. Had their pre- 
dilections not. already been in that direc- 
tion, the editor would not have dared so 
to point the path; his object is not the 
public good, but the public pleasnr*. 

Newspaper politics is an interesting 
study in itself. What jihase of journal- 
ism is more to be deplored than rivalry 
which is carried on to such an extreme 
extent among newspapers and writers 
as frequently to - degenerate into violent 
abuse and personal h^.tred? 

May the time soon come in the history 
of American journalism when the con- 
tents will be less impure and the faults 
of which our newspapers are guilty will 
be atoned for by contributions which 
have for their criterion the public wel- 
fare of humanity. The annals of our 
times will teem with illustrious exam- 
ples of patriotic journalists. 

W. H. Albright. 



J^eading l^oom Visitops. 



To the industrious student there is no 
hour spent more pleasantly than the 
hour spent in the reading room. It is 
quite a recreation to turn from dry text- 
books to current literature and spend an 
hour reading a good magazine. We are 
gratified to know that so large a j)er 
cent of our students frequent the read- 
ing room but it is our purpose in this 
editorial to urge every one to avail them- 
self of tIic opportunity atforded him in 
this direction. Education meansmore than 
knowledge of text-books and the student 
who confines himself to them may deliver 



The Elon College Monthly. 



15 



the valedictory to his ehi."8, but will be 
poorly fitted for the duties of life. Make 
it as much your duty to visit the reading 
loom every day as to prepare your 
daily recitations, and when you do not 
go you ouglit to feel that you have lost 
something. 

Usually there are four classes of those 
who visit the reading room. 

First, those who would make it a ren- 
dezvous for i<llers and loafers. Tney go 
because it is a convenient place to lounge 
around and gossip. They are pei'fectly 
happy if they can find any one to join 
this "sanhedrim of silly gossipers" and 
thus annoy the superintendent and those 
who desire to read. We trust this class 
is very few. 

Second, those who go to look at the 
pictures. The caricatures displayed in 
the illustrated magazines have a pecul- 
iar charm for tliem. They speml an 
hour turning with rapturous delight the 
leaves of Puck, Illustrated News, 
Frank Leslie's and Harper's Week- 
ly, and when they leave they have only 
seen how lidiculous some men can make 
things appear, the lithograph of some 
prominerit man or the latest style of 
dress. Some of those pictures are very 
instructive, but we .^hould not give thorn 
a monopoly of our time. Children, and 
not colb^go students neeil this kind of 
teaching. 

Third, those who read new.spapers 
exclusively. They do not care to read 
any more tlu.n the score of the last pro- 
iessional game of base-l)all, the list of 
hotel arrivals, who is in town or wlio has 



j recently married and things of this sort. 
, It is needless to say that this class receive 
little benefit from their visits, we ought 
' certainly to keep informed on the"current 
events" but scarcely think one is made 
any wiser or better by reading all the 
recital of crime and outrage found in the 
daily paper. 

Fourth, those who are seeking not only 
rest from text-books but mental pabu- 
lum and it goes without saying that 
their search is not in vain. No student 
can spend even half an hour every dav 
reading some standard magazine with- 
out learning something that will be to 
him an abiding possession. Here a little 
and there a little; this fact to-day and 
that fact to-morrow is the only way to 
become great and learne<l. Nor should 
we limit our reading to the same kind of 
literature. The mind like the body, 
demands a mixed diet for vigorous 
growth. Though the number of our 
magazines are necessarily limited yet 
they are all select and very neaidy cover 
the whole realm of litei-ature. If you 
are interested in political cjuestions the 
Forum and Arena are rJways full of 
matter from the best writers on this 
subject. If you are a lover of science, 
the Popular Science Monthly will 
give you the latest investigations clothed 
in the choice,«t language. If you desire 
something of a religious nature, the S. S. 
Times and Homoletic Review will 
be found full of chips of leligious truths 
caught as they came wliizzing from the 
axe of the theological })rofessor or pulpit 
preacher. The Cosmopolitan and 



] (i The Elon College Monthly. 



Harper' S are jileasant companions in then make an extra effort and give the 

tlie liands of those who are fond of serial public the benefit of yonr labor, 

stories, while the Century and Atlan- By spending your spare moments in 

tic are not at all unpopular to the aver- this way, at the end of your college 

age reader. career you will have not only stored 

Read these magazines and assimilate your mind with useful knowledge and 

what you read, for unless you do that it improved your style of writing but you 

]s no more a food than an indigestible will have acquired a taste for reading 

substance takea in the body supports and a love of research and formed hab- 

life. Feel free to use any thought thus its of industry that will tell on your 

obtaineil in the preparation of essays for future life. R. G. K. 
vour literarv societv work. Now and 



The Elox College Monthly. 



17 



LOCALS. 



W. II. ALBRIGHT. Editor. 



Dry weather I 

Political wavesll 

Frosty morningsl.'l 

Subscribe for the Elon College 
Monthly. 

Have 3'ou subscribed for the 
Mouth ly:-' 

Three cheers for the Cleveland — 
Carr Club! 

The Y. M. C. A. Hall will soon 
bo completed. 

^Misses Price and Harvard went 
to the State Fair. 

The residence of C. C. Williams 
is nearing completion. 

How do you like the the new 
dress of the monthly? 

The family of Mr. J. A. Long 
has moved to Elon Collesre. 



the matter with the 
They're all right. 



What's 
"Fresh," 

Some of the "Fresh" seem to 
suffer with the headache occasion- 
ally. 

A senior says lie believes he has 
the "cholera." Guess it's hog 
cholera. 



Several students attended the 
State Fair on the 10th and 20th of 
October. 

Elon College yell: Hi! Hi! Hi! 
Who are we I-* Whoopla! Whooplal 
E-l-o-n C . 

One of the boys say the nearest 
way to get to Gibson ville is to go 
by the Dormitory. 

Senior class, Orator — E. Moffit 
Prophet— S. E. Everett, Poet— W\ 
C. Wicker. Historian — Miss An- 
nie Graham. 

Several of the students attended 
the county fair at Burlington, on 
the 12th and 13th of Oct. 

The enrollment of new students 
still continues to go on. W^e hope 
to enroll 150 students this year. 

County candidates of the Demo- 
cratic and People's Party spoke at 
Elon College an the loth of Oct. 

Rev. C. C. Peel paid us a pleas- 
ant visit recently. Call again, we 
welcome you among our number. 

A senior said he was taking in 
the town. A "Prep" responded: 
"you are mighty little to take in 
the town." 



IS 



TtIF. ElOX COLLEPrE AIoNTTlLY. 



It is quite common for the Jun- 
iors to say that the Seniors trace 
all knowk^dge and information back 
to Psychology. 

Mr. C. said that he had decided 
to drop telegraphy. A soph, inter- 
rupting said, "Be sure not to drop 
it .1 the zinc mug." 

Senior class will make their de- 
but Friday night, Nov. 18th, and 
regale us with their "burning 
words of eloquence." 

On the second of October, Dr. 
Long administered the ordinance 
of baptism to Misses Jennie Hern- 
don and Lizzie Long. 

Miss Bessie Moring, of Elon Col- 
lege, carried off the first prize at 
the Burlington, County Fair, for 
the best exhibit in crayon work. 

One day a Junior saw a Senior 
with a nice boquet of flowers, and 
on being told where the flowers 
came from, said: "I am jealous." 

It has become quite common with 
some of the girls to say, "Mr. Sen- 
ioi-s" when they meet them on the 
street. Wonder what they mean? 

Our physician. Dr. Kernodle, is 
not having much practice among 
the students, as the health of this 
place is exceedingly good at pi-es- 
ent. 

A Junior said: "He longed for 
the time to come when he would 
be a Senior. On being asked why 



he replied: "I want to study Psy- 
chology." 

. A protracte<l meeting has been 
going on at Mount Vernon school 
house for some nights. Ministeral 
students report a good meeting and 
many conversions. 

Rev. W. G. Clements, editor of 
the Christian Sun, gave us a pleas- 
ant call not long ago. We are 
always glad to have the friends of 
this institution with us. 

A Fresh in conversation with an 
Academic said: "that his father 
had a guitar in his head." Just 
imagine what a condition the old 
gentleman is in if he is not a music 
case. 

Dr. Long has been suffering for 
some days from inflammaticm of 
his eyes and could not attend to 
his regular col lege work. We hope 
the Dr. will soon be able to meet 
his classes. 

Old student to Fresh,— "Have you 
met all the young ladies?" 

Fresh, — ^"No I met three on the 
walk just now though " 

Old student,— "You ought to 
meet them all!" 

Fresh,— "Yes I ought. Say, how 
often do they have these excep- 
tions in the chapel?" 

The district conference met with 
the Church at Elon College, Satur- 
day, Oct. 20. A number of sub- 
jects pertaining to church work 
were discussed in an interesting 
and profitable way. 



The Elox College Monthly. 



19 



A "Fresh," soon after his arrival 
at Elon, saw the windmill a,t Mr. 
L's residence. He thought it was 
a machine used to make the wind 
blow. He was very much disap- 
pointed to find that he was mista- 
ken. 

A senior in writing to his best 
girl said: "a certain man had been 
arrested on Supprsfifion.-' When 
the senior discovered his mistake 
he was very much amused to know 
that he had used the word Siiper- 
stifio)! for Suspicion. 

Estei'brook Steel Pen Manufac- 
turing Co., has supplied all the 
Elon Students with samples of 
their pens. We advise those in 



need of pens to buy the Esterbrook 
steel pen, as the students have tried 
it and it proves to be all right. 

Dr D. A. Long, president of An- 
tioch College, Ohio, paid us a visit 
recently while on his way to Gra- 
ham. We are glad to have the 
Doctor with us and hear his encour- 
aging words for Elon College. It 
was a real treat to hear him. Come 
again, Doctor. 

Rev, N. G. ISTewman, of Va., 

gave us a pleasant call some days 

I ago. We were glad to see his gen- 

1 ial face again. He was in the best 

I of spirits, and if you will turn to 

the Alumni notes you will see 

why. 



120 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Y.M.C. A. NOTES. 

W. C. WICKER, Editor. 



For the past month the student 
body has been actually engaged 
in this work and great interest 
seejns to be manifested by both 
young ladies and gentlemen. The 
young mens meetings have been 
more interesting- than ever before. 
They meet and talk of the v^onder- 
ful love of Christ until there is a 
great manifestation of his pres- 
ence. A few Sundays ago, two 
young men who had not spoken in 
public made touching and effective 
speeches. There was another that 
lead in prayer for the first time. 
Before the meeting closed there 
was not a dry eye in the hall. 
God's spirit will melt the hardest 
heart to tears of rejoicing. The 
young men during the past month ! 
attended a revival meeting at Mt. I 
Vernon conducted by Rev. W. J. I 
Laine under the auspices of the j 
Association. There were 16 or 18 i 
conversions. Bro. J. H. Jones has 
charge of the work at Gibsonville. 
He holds two regular meetings at ' 
this point each month. The work j 
seems to advance and the people I 
take considerable interest in all 
the meetings. j 

Rev. C. C. Williams has taken I 
charge of the Sunday school at j 
Shallow Ford with Bro. L. L. Las- 



siter as an assistant in teaching. 
The wo] k here is encouraging. Our 
regular monthly mission meeting- 
was conducted three weeks ago by 
Messrs Lawrence and Moffitt. 
They discussed the subject of mis- 
sions with a great degree of inter- 
est. It resulted in n collection 
amounting to $5.06. The program 
for the next missionary meeting 
has been arranged. The Bible 
training classes are doing efficient 
woik in studying the word prepar- 
atory to personal work. 

Though the young ladies had not 
organized a Y. W. C. A. until about 
two weeks ago they had been 
working faithfully along other lines 
We are glad to say that Elon Col- 
lege has so great an influence mor- 
ally. Nothing has done more to 
bring it about than co-education 
and the united efforts of the stu- 
dents and the faculty. Unless the 
student body of any college co-oper- 
ates with its leaders no success 
can be attained. On the other 
hand when both wo rk for the same 
end the work moves successfully 
on. There are only a few students 
among our number that are not 
Christians. Now, it is the duty of 
the Associations to lead these into 
the ways of righteousness. While 



The Elon College Monthly. 21 



our associations hold separate them purer, more Christlike and to 
meetings they have a deep and perform the duties of life, 
abiding interest in each other. Let the grand work go on and 
Those who have boys and girls at let every Christian young man and 
college here need not fear that the woman put forth the greatest ef- 
highest religious influence will not forts possible to elevate the moral 
be exerted over them to make and rel gious status of our college. 



The Elon rinu.EriE ^Ioxtkly. 



ALUiVJN! NOTES. 



tJ 



'01. Prof. Herbert Scholz, form- 
erly principal of the Chatham Higli 
School, has been elected Professor 
of English in Elon College. Prof. 
Scholz is a young man of fine in- 
tellectual ability; we are glad to 
have one of our first-born sons with 
us again, not as student but as 
teacher. 

'91. Rev. C. C. Peel is still pas- 
tor of the Burlington Christian 
Church. A visit from him a few 
weeks ago was enjoyed very 
much. 

'02. Miss Irene Johnson, who 
graduated at Elon College, was at 
once unanimously elected instruc- 
tor in French and Mathematics at 
Elon College. Miss Johson is a 
young lady of rare intellectual 
worth, and we pi-edict for her a 
life of great usefulness. 

Elon is justly proud of her Aulm- 
nfe and hope they will let us hear 
from them through the columns 
of The Monthly. 

'01. On Wednesday evening, 
Oct. 27th, '02, at the residence of 
the bride's father, Mr. J. W. H. 
Clendennin, of Graham, N. 0., Miss 
Kate Clendennin was married to 
Rev. N. G. Newman. At the ap- 
pointed hour the bride leaning up- 



I on the arm of the groom, and fol- 
lowing Rev. Dr. D. A. Long, of 
Yellow Springs, Ohio, came in and 
took their stand in the center of 
the very tastefully decorated par- 
lor. Then Drs. W. S. Long and 
J. U. Newman of Elon Cjllege 
assisted in the ceremony, which 
was very beautiful indeed, and 
being of a new order, was only 
nine minutes long. After Lhe cer- 
emony was performed, the happy 
couple in company with friends 
and relatives repaired to the dining 
hall, where a bountiful feast had 
been prepared; after which the 
j bridal couple took ]he north-bound 
I train for some of the cities of the 
I North. 

I The bride was a student at Elon 
College in '01. She was a very 
popular young lady as well as 
one of the best of students. 

The groom was valedictorian of 

his class. He is a very popular 

young man, and is fast becoming 

I one of the best preachers in the 

j christian denomination. The best 

wishes of The Monthly go with 

the happy couple to their new home. 

: May the days of their honeymoon be 

I life long and when death shall 

! them asunder part may its rays 

I light up its pathways. 



The Elox College Monthly. 



23 



EXCHANGES. 



The Guilford Collegian was 
among the first exchanges to reach 
our sanctum. We find interesting 
and worthy of consideration the 
editorial entitled "College Pride.'* 
We agree with the writer in what 
he has said, and trust that the day 
is not far distant when all of our 
institutions, both male and female, 
shall manifest true college pride. 

The Davidson Monthly is again 
on our desk. From it we learn 
with gratification of the continued 
and increasing prosperity of the 
institution which it so deservingly 
represents. It is stated that the 
number of students is larger than 
it has previously been in the his 
tory of the college, a.id that the 
moral standard of the student body 
is higher than ever before. 

The Trinity Archive comes to 
us from its beautiful new home, 
gladsome with fond hopes and lof- 
ty aspirations. We rejoice with 
the Methodists in the brilliant suc- 
cess which their college has re- 
cently met. Surely the future 
achievements of the institution 
will be grand and noble. 

The Academy from Salem is a 
welcome and appreciated ex- 
change. We are always pleased 



to read the literary productions of 
college girls, and thus learn to di- 
vine the possibilities that lie in 
woman's pen. 

It is known that there is a ten- 
dency on the part of many to un- 
dervalue female colleges, but those 
of us who have had the privilege 
of attending the female as well as 
i the co-educational college, ever 
feel a profound and sympathetic 
interest in female institutions. 

It is hoped that the Academy 
may share the sweet burden of 
I>roving to pessimists that female 
colleges are not unworthy of com- 
mendation 

Furnian Uni versit y Journal wears 
j a neat and attractive dress. It is 
a good index to the character of 
the institution whose name it 
i bears. Among the articles con- 
1 tributed we were much pleased 
with one on "South Carolina Auth- 
ors." The South shows no little 
{ appreciation of her men of letters. 
I Be it sai(t to her shame, that many 
' of her writers are better known at 
! the North than in the land of their 
I nativity. 

' We notice in the Journal the 
j absence of the "Alumni Depart- 
! ment " 



24 



The Elox Coi,leoe ^Montttly. 



Furman has many sons and the^ 
Journal ought to let her exchang- 
es know who they are. 

The Carolinian contains some, 
excellent articles on live subjects. 
We were highly entertained with 
their perusal, especially with the 
one titled, "After us What?" The 
writer shows very stril^ingly the 
scientific tendency of this age. 



While we do not fear that science 
will overthrow religion, yet we do 
think there is cause for serious 
thought on the part of Christian 
people. 

The Metropolitan is before us 
with bright prospects for another 
year. It has the bearing of a good 
magazine, and we welcome it to 
our table. 



Advertisements. 



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J. A. LONG, 



DR. GEO. W. LONG, 

Physician, 

i 
ATTORNEY AT LAW J Examiner in the Tractice of Medicine. 

GRAHAM, N. C. GRAHAM, N. C 



Advertisements. 



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105, MAIN STREET, DURHAM, N. C. 



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^Leadins," '''' Milliner 



OF AUAM ANCE COUNTY, 



Vou arc always welcome at her Millinery 
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Burlington, N. C. 



'^"^Odell Type AVriter. 

^ f^ f^ will buy the Odell Tyte 
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and ^15 for the Single case Odell, war- 
ranted to do better work than any ma- 
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It combines simj)licity with durability, 
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odp:ll type writer go., 

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© PKotograpKer. 



71 



Finest 

Work 

At 

Short 

Notice. 



A 

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311©:'^ AIAOGIC5 R.Gje:se^, 



Leading 
Milliner of 
Raleigh, N. C. 



Kvorytlung in tneniiiiinery line i 

always on hanil. ^ 

The younfj ladies of Elon Col- ' 

lege are inyitcfl to call when in i^ 

the eitj-. V 

Special attention jriven to or- jy 

(lers by Mail, V^ 



MISS MAGGIE REESE, 



Fayetteville st. RALEIGH, N. C. 



Advertisements. 



D.W. C.HARRIS, 



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</*>? wimi:i!^>i'm 



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SOUTH BLOUNT STREET, RALEIGH, N. C. 

It is positively tlie most reliable house for 



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Address all orders to D. W. C. HARRIS, Raleigh, N. C. 



oiiE:E:i>rsBoi«^o 




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111 113 AND 1131 WEST MARKET St. GREENSBORO, N. C, 



Satisfaction Guaranteed. 



E:S'~rhe Patroiiag-e of College Students ami Professors solicted. 



JOHN M. DICK, Proprietor. 



JUi)T Ot®HNHlS) 



-^ 



!l|;^^Low Prices — Smai.i- Pkofits'^s^ 

We are here to stay. Come once and you'll come again. 

fi^COUNTRY PRODUCE BOUGHT AND SOLD.*^ 

T. E. PORTER & CO. 
ELON COLLEGE, N C. 



Advertisements. 






j^z-ili^-tez-^i^^-^' 



I t^e^-f^^i-. 



^ / • J^ y/ -i^ / 



CONSULT US ABOUT COMPANIES AND RATES 

BEFORE INSURING YOUR LIFE OR PROPERTY. 



Happy and content is a home with "The Rochester." 



^^Seeing: is Believing:. 



>> 






And a good lamp 
must be simple; when it is not simple it is 
not good. Simple^ Beautiful^ Good — these 
words mean much, but to see " The Rochester " 
will impress the truth more forcibly. All metal, 
tough and seamless, and made in three pieces only, 
it is absolutely sa/fa.nd unbreakabU. Like Aladdin's 
of old, it is indeed a "wonderful lamp," for its mar- 
velous light is purer and brighter than gas light, 
softer than electric light and more cheerful than either. 

Look for tfais stamp— Tbb Rochestbk. Ifthe lamp dealer has n't the eennln* 

Rochester, and the style you want, seod to us for our new illustrated catalogue, 
and we will send you a lamp safely by express — your choice of over S|000 
Tarieties from the Largett Lamp Store in the Ivorld. 

ROCUBSTUR LABP CO., 43 Park Place, New York Oltf. 

^ "The Rochester." 

A Lamp with the Light of the Morning. For catalogue 

Writi' ROCHESTER LAMP CO New York. 



Advertisements. 



j€) fe) _(i) f€) ORDER © YOUR j^J^ig.ig^ 



T 



And everything needed in the Jewelry line from Headquarter?. 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 

fi@="Our Best Testimonial — Thousands of Satisfied Customers.-'^a 



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1028 MAIN ST., ------ LYNCHBURG, VA. 



J, 1{. Stockard, Jr. AV. S. Long, Jr. 

JTOCKflRD ^ LONQ, 



(^l]iRQ V\q\\, \ 




V^ 



E. M. CJtI,BClrE:UCsH & BRQ,, 



r Dealers in China, Glassware, etc., 
\ Fine Lamps and Chandeliers a 
*|^ Specialty. ***.-(,** 
BURI^INQTON, N. ©, 219 Soi^.tb Elm st. Grkensboro, N. C. 

DR. G. W. KERNODLE, 



JHELPURN'J Q4LLERY, i i »^Practicing J Physician,t<< 

y \ KI.ON roi,r,KGE, .\. c. 

'^ ; 1 1 J ; I < '■ < r . r • c. i 



Is the place fot* first elass CnlUln the cmmtry prompt! u attended to. 

PHOTOGIRAPHS. ""^ 



OFP^ICE OYKR THK DRUU STORE. 



Advertisemetnts. 

\W: huvi' just rcffi\e(i our ManiniDth Fall aiitl Wiiitpv Stock of 

C\iOT\\\WG, \\KYS^f V1RU\SH\UG GOODS 

ami it inclufU's every t hi Ufr in the way ot 

^ Wear for Men, Youths, Boys and Children. 

eare Sole Agents in Oreensl)nro for the followinsr popular, Fii'st-class Houses:, 



\ »Strous.« Bros. High Art Clotliing for Men and Bdv.s. 
V \ I Progress Superior Made Children's Knee Pant Suits: 
^^^^Goodman Bro's. & Go's Glayand Fancy Worstisd Suits and Box Overcoats! 
^ The World Renowned " Knox " Hats —Best in the Land. 
The Triest $3 Stiff Hats, best for the price made, every hat guaranteed. 
The Celebrated Pearl Shirt Go. and E. & L. Linen Collars„and Gufts. 



We invite all toj^ive us a <a)l, an<l we will treat you cordially, and cheerfully show you through 
our mammoth establishment, whether .you wish to purchase or not. 

Vours Very Kespeetfully. 

J5ALKSMEN: W. R. Rankin, J. W. Crawford, J. P. Scott, D. S. Hoover, 
^C. Hewlett. 






Ill- line of Samples for Custom Work, for Fall and Winter, now 
pei7?or inspection. Over 1 ,000 styles to select from. 



WE ARE STILL ON THE CCi^LEGE H 




AND ALWAYS f^LAi) ■iV)Sl':i;L Yor WHAT TOT N 

DRy GOODS, NOTIONS, 

SHOES. HATS GAPS 



STUDENTS SUPPLIES 

A S7:^EC3l ATT^' 



We are always glad 
t:> h 178 YOU call 



HE 






'^ S S ^v ■ 



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RDEN / GAY, 




n2EJ E 



LADIES' AND GENTLEMEN'S FINE GOODS A SPECIALTY. 

Ladies" DonoTila Tila/pd, T\i(l and Fi-cndi Kid IVoin sl.TiO to S(iiii). 
(Jonts" Fine Patent L(>:U.h(M\ Froiudi Calf and ( 'r.i'dovari. -■f'J.ix* to s7.(»p 
Sperdal inducements to Colloj^v students. Bio-g-ost stocdc. Lowest prices. 

2?8 SOUTH ELW! STREET, GREENSBORO, 

XKX'r TO FISH1U;.\TK\>>. 




p^- 



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2^ 




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N, N. C. 



c>r>s. 



COB 

SHOI 

1\1 

OUI 

WE C/IN 5^11 lUM. IIM M^ - ' • ■ 

PAVis STREET. COBLE & FOGrLEMAN, BuiiLixiiTOx. x, c. 




ElON COUEGC, N. C 



il^ . ^ /^, .^^Jc^^ 



ire invited to 

X'K OK 



rnings. 

iTE. 



'*'^H. H.CARTLAND'S^ 

• A.ND ^^"^ A NICE 

^ FOUR-m-li^nD or TECK SC/f RF 

PliAFX, oil KMnUOTDKKED TN 'I'llK [.A'l'l^.ST STYLES. 




Umbrellas and Canes in Latest Styles. 

* lain in lU" urjXCJTON, iiiul a.s iitiiial, carryiiiu a coinplctr line of 

A \isii will coiniiico you that I Ikwc tlic 

4:Lar^est Stock aRd Lowest Prices:^ 

Tf j-on don't l)('li<'\c it, try nie. 

BURLINGTON. N. C. 




Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR' ■" 

FINE CLOTHING, HATS AND GENT'S FURNISHINGGOODS 

IS AT- - " " 

G. ISJL. UiLnSXOi^Y & GO'S. 



Wo have tlie l;ir'.;-est and liaest stock of NEW Clothin<? and Hats ever seen in 
Xortli Carolina, and all of the best makes and hitest styles. 

We sell SCHLOSS BROS & UO'S. THE STEIN BLOTCH GO'S. Tailor Made 
iuid STROUSE BR()"S., Fine Dress and School Suits for Men, Progress Superior 
Made and the (Told ?.Iedal Fine Boy's and Cliildrerfs Clothing in Short and Long 
Pants Suits. 

We have the linest stock of HATS in the city. ' The celebrated John B. Stetson 
'•Melville,"' and the World Renowned $5.00 Yeoman Hat, in all shapes. 

We invite al! E!on College Students and Professors to make our store head- 
(luai-tei-s when in rhe city. Very Respectfully, 

C. IV!. VANSTORY & CO 

JiOading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, 
•JK; South Ehu Street. , GREENSBORO, N. C. 



GREENSBORO, N. C, 

OITer you t he (incst assoi-tments and the best selections at the lowest i)Ossil)le 
pri( es in Tlie city. 

HATS.— The latest styles and best shape. Also agents for the Celebrated 
J)ijnl:ip Hats. 

FIN E SHOES.— Our si)ecialty. A complete line— the best. Have tliem all 
made and can duplicate any shoe in stock, 

UNDERWEAR.— The best thatcan be secured. Every suit is perfect. A fine 
ine that will suit you. 

SCARFS, BOVv'S AND TIES.— They need only to be .seen and they sell. The 
prettiest line, the latest styles, the uujst fashionable shai)es, 

COLLARS AND CUFFS.— All styles and latest shapes. All pure linen and 
the best. 

Trunks. ValiseH^ Irai/e/rng Bags & Umbre/fas. 

jT^ir jnii oini'l cull Wfilc :iiii1 s-'cl nwy inloniinl inn >(iii \v;iiit. SiUisruct inn >;ii!irant<-(.-il. 



©Ui,II\tEi)i) ti)El®/\t^TV|ENIT. 



MANAGERS: 
S. M. SMITH. Travelixg Aoent, 

Miss ROWEXA MOFFITT, Soliciting Agent, 

J. IT. JOXES, Mailing Agent. 



RATES OF ADVERTISING: 



1 Page, 1 in^artio;! $3-50 

i " 1 " 3.50 

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Subscfibeps uuill Please pay thcip Dues at Ones. 



ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Elon College Monttily 

Eloii ColleKf . 

Herndon & Young, Dnigg-ist.s, Students" Supplies. 

T. E. Porter & Co, General Merchandise. 

C' A. Boone A: Son, Groceries, Notions. 

D r. G. VV. Kernodle,ePh3'sician. 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

W. E. Hay, Ciothins;-, Dry Goods. 

Stockard & fions', Surgeon Dentists. 

Mrs. K. E. Thompson, Milliner. 

J. H. Shelburn, Photographer. 

«'ol)le & Pofflenuui, General Merchandise. 

('. ¥. Neese, Watchmaker, Jeweler. 

GRAHAM, N. C. 

J. A. Long, Attorney at Law. 

Ur. O. W. Long.Examiner rn Practice of Medicine 

NEW YORK. 

Rochester I^amp co. 

RUSHYILLE, 0. 

Geo. K. Kulb S: (^o. 



GREENSBORO, N. C. 

F. Fishblate, Clothing, Gents' Furnishing. 

C M. Vanstory & Co.. Clothiers and Hatters. 

Darden & Gay, Shoes, 

S. L. Alderman, Photographer. 
I Cutchin \:Co., Hatters, Gents' Neckwear. 
! E. M. Caldcleugh & Bro., china. Glassware. 

Greensl)oro Steam Laundry. 

RALEIGH, N. C, 

Iit'ller Bros , Shoes, Trunks, Leather Goods. 
. 1). W. t^. Harris, Steam Hye "Works. 

CHICAGO, ILL., 

Gdell T.Niie ^Vriter Companj'. 

LYNCHBURG. VA. 

F. D, Johnson & Son Radges, Medals, "\Vatclie> 

GIBSOKYILLE, N. C. 

H. W. Steele, Sewing Machines. 



THE 



ELOJM GOLLEQE MOJNTHLY. 



VOL. II. 



DECEMBER, 1892. 



NO. 3. 



NOTICK. 

Con-esixmiionts will please send all matter in- 
tended tor publieation to 

W. H. ALBRIGHT. 

Elon College,;N. C. 



TKRMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 

One dollar per scholastic year, cash In advance. 
Remittances should be made payable to 

RT'SINESS MANAGERS, 
of Elon College Monthlj'. 



WHY WE GIRLS DON T STUDY. 



Perhaps some may think that 
girls have no plausible reasons for 
not studying, but that is because 
they don't know anything about it, 
and I think that I can convince 
you that we have many tilings 
which retard our progress in our 
studies. 

When we first enter school, being 
among entire strangers and very 
'green, 'it is perfectly natural for us 
to be homesick and 'blue'f or the first 
few days, and if "Cupid's darts" 
are flying around promiscuously, 
and we happen to get smitten with 
the charms of a handsome little 
"Prep" or a flirting Soph, or Jun- 
ior (Seniors are generally too for- 



mal to get struck on) and we get 
lovesick as well as homesick, the 
state of affairs is getting desperate, 
and the books we are given to 
master seem a veritable mountain 
of learning whose dizzy heights we 
can never climb. Being unaccus- 
tomed to facing difficulties, we 
give up at once and declare we can 
never, never master them. 

Just here we will say that the 
reason that girls succumb so easily 
and do not study is the effect of 
home indulgence. In most homes 
affectionate fathers and over-indul- 
ent mothers vie with each other in 
shielding their daughters from all 
cares and responsibilities; in hum- 



2 The Elox Collegf. ^Moxthly. 



oring and petting them to an alarm- 'seem to have too many imaginary 

ing excess (as if they were doll ba- ills, or rather they yield to the 

bies or pet kittens.) thus incapaci- smallest achiO. 

tating them to face the (lilri cullies A hard h^sson usual}}" prostrates 

which svill confront them in tlie a girl for a \veek ending with a 

compai'atively sheltered haven of nervous headache and a severe at- 

school-life, and entirely unfitting tack of the '"blues/" or dissolvps 

them to buffet the rough billows of her in a flood of tears. 

life's tempestuous sea They seem Tears, esx)ecialiy during the first 

to think that girls wei"e uuide for part of the year, are of daily down 

ornament only and not for use. fall. Tears bedew knotty prob- 

We see the effects of this by the lems; tears greet the refusal to al- 
too prevalent idea that she must low boxes of candy to be accepted 
be shielded, petted, amused, made probabb/ froin ''oumiost devoted:"' 
comfortable and fed on peanuts, tears fall copiously when over- 
sugar and "'sentiment."' For her shoes are insisted upon and when 
there must be no wrestling with short fur capes are declared insuf- 
difficulty, and if she has a hardies- ficient wrapi'iiig for cold weather, 
son she must not bother over it for Then "hj-sterics"" come on and gen- 
fear it vrill bring on an attack of erally nervousness, weakness and 
headache oi-impair her 'weakeyes.' loss of nppetite follow u[)(;n the 
And it she suffers a little disap- realization tliat scliool ineans 
pointment she must unburden her work. 

woes to everybody and '-ciy her Again our pliysicians are also to 
eyes out over it." PcKjr little thing! blame for tliis arrested mental de- 
Who would not sympathize with velopment. For instance: too 
hei"? many of them fail as they Avould 

Another main hindi-ance to girls" never think in case of a boy to rec- 
efficient studying is their over-pro- ognize all human beings, girls in- 
ductive imaginative powers. They eluded, are dual natured. and in 
imagine they have the ''blues." ' one care of a body they overlook 
though what that ciin be is indeed ■ the mind. First thing tliey say is, 
a mystery, un]e.ss it be that her "she is working too hard— 1< o 
sweetheart has gone back on her j much work"' and the prescription 

or that Mr. loves some other lis "Give her less to do and don"t 

girl better than he does her, or that ! make her do anything she doesn't 
the Latin or German for the next ! wish to do."' This said in the pres- 
day is extraordinarily difficult and I ence of the young girl herself, who 
she fears to "tackle it." Girls ' is not. bv nature stronglv inclined 



Tiij': Ei.oN College ]\[onthly. 



to activity, the result may be imag- 
ined. The slightest discomfortis to 
her, sufficient reason for shutting 
her books and retiring to idle- 
ness. 

Now just peep into some of our 
girls' rooms immediately after 
study bell and listen. ''Oh! say 
girls, did you notice Mr. B's. new 
suit? Didn't he look handsome? 
OhI I do know my beau has the 
loveliest eyes. Didn't he smile 
sweetly at me to-day, though? Oh! 
if I (;nly knew he loved me I could 
study so much better! It can't be 
that I am so ugly ns not to capti- 
vate him. I intend to look pretty 
at the next entertainment. I'm 
going to put my new pin in my 
hair, pencil m.y eyebrows and wear 
my new waist,"' 

Now you can judge again why 
some of we girls can't study, and 
can conceive why our thoughts are 
not on our books. 

Again, the fair faces of the oppo- 
site sex looking down upon some 
of them from their mantels lend 
enchantment. Of course they 
can't well avoid responding the 
attraction is so much greater than 
their books. 

Again, there is a lack of ambi- 
tion. Instead of going to work in 
earnest we give up too quick. We 
think wo can't when we could if 
v;e would, for "where there's a 
will there's a way. 



Too, our room-mates are of so 
much more comfort to us than our 
lessons. Has a girl ever been ac- 
cused of retiring without first talk- 
ing over the issues of the day, for 
at least two hours and then after 
retiring,spending another two-and- 
a-half in *"'0h, just having a good 
time talking.'' 

Girls talk a great deal because 
they have so much to talk about — 
anvthing in the world save lessons 
is material for conversation. The 
principal difference between a girl's 
tongue and a clock is the one has 
to be wound up occasionally, the 
other never. 

Any scientist who says there is 
no such thing as perpetual motion 
certainl}'" knows very little about 
a school-girl's tongue. 

As every one knows all girls are 
careful and considerate of the feel- 
ings of others, especially the boys. 
Here, then, is another reason, and 
not the least one either, why girls 
do not study harder. Admiration 
for the opposite sex — from a tender 
devotion toward the masculine 
j gender, our respect and esteem for 
! the male branch of the human fam 
I ily. We desist from calling iato 
I operation all the latent energies of 
lour brilliant minds, because, we, 
i as females, would so far surpass 
j the males as to bring them to dis- 
! tressing humiliation, and they 
i would give up in despair and school 



The Klox College aLon'ttilv. 



houses and college Imildings would j alwaj-s surpass thcni is becavise of 
be forever void of their mas- i their pity for them, and not because 
culine presence, \ they cannot if they would. 

The onlv reason wdiv L'-ii-ls d<Mi"fc; Ava Clendennin. 



CONQUESTS OF CORTEZ, 



Of all deeds lhe most darin,^-. 
of all exploits the most illustrious, 
of all careers the most roman- 
tic, lecoi-ded upon the pages of 
hisrory none surpass that of I 
Ferucindo Cortez in the conquest of j 
Mexico. In fact the deeds attri- ■ 
bute;l to this hero are too ill us - 
y^ trious, his dazzling career too brij^ 
liant. his achievements far too ex/' 
travagant and improbable ever to I 
be recorded upon the pages of any] 
romance. Yet if we are to i-ely 
upon hist(U\y (and upon what else I 
can we rely?) we must accept them { 
as facts. He braved peril Ijecause to i 
him like sweet scented flowers it I 
^ bedecked his pathway to success. I 
He brought on hardships for the I 
pleasui'e of subduing then:i, and I 
courted danger for its own sake. 
Leonidas with his three hundred 
stands out as brilliant luminaries 
in the -.vorld's firmament of heroes, ! 
'z sim])ly l)e('aus(^ they held at ba^ 



foi- a short time the host of Xerxes. 
Yet they only stood in a narrow* 
pixss a,nd fought and died !)ecaus( 
(Munpelled i)y the laws of their 
country 'The Great," is suffixed 
to Alexander's na.me sim;>ly be- 
cause he comniaiided tljo invincible 
phalanx — lhe pride of Macedon — to 
hui'l die thundei'-bolt of destruc- 
tion against the laide structuj'cs 
and mud hovels of the east, sup- 
ported only by the weak liand of 
ignoi'ance and unpolished barljari- 

t.v. 

Napoleon was held as the child 
of destiny, the god of wai-, until his 
destiny was fixed at Waterloo, and 
the god felt his power vanish, sijn- 
ply because he marched victoi'ious 
over the hills valleys and moun- 
tains of Austria, Italy and Prussia. 
And, too, it must be i-emembeivd 
that undei' his banner were levied 
the flower of France, the very em- 
hodinient of scienfiHo wnrfare. On 




i 



The Elon Coh-ege Moxthly. 



the other hand Cortez fought the tiiiction as a soldier in the conquest 
battles of Mexico forced by no law of Cuba, was selected commander 
save that of his own determinate , of the expedition to be fitted out. 
Avill, urged by no impetus save Had the world been searched from "^ 
ambition, patiiotism and the wel- pole to pole, I dare say not a more (C 
fare of liis own country and with , suitable man could have been se- ' \ 
seemiuglv the scum rather than j lected for this bold and hazardous 
tlie flowc-r of liis day. He met tlie enterprise. Cortez applied himself 
fui'ious Aztec warrior whose prin- ; with so much assiduity, spent so 
ci})le deity was the god of war, and 1 much of his time and money in fit- 
whose heaven was the land of the i ting out the expedition and was 
battlefield, outnumberiug the little . succeeding so well in his plans and 
band of Cortez, some twenty thous- ! preparations, tliat Verlanquez be- 
and to one before the battle was came jealous and determined to 
o'er. "The greater the obstacle the ; countermand the authority given 
greater the exertion and the more to Cortez; but, to the amazement 
illustrious the victory," shouted he \ of all and the consternation of the 
to his little band as they rode ' governor, with that quick decision 
dowii into the valley and shadow i that characterized his whole after- 
of death, grappled with demons I life, Cortez determined to sail the 
and brandished their swords on ] very niglit he heard the governor's 
the slippery verge of eternity. Not 1 ill intention. So with the fleet ill 
only to verify what has been said 'equipped and half furnished with 
but to put in stronger terms let us I provisions, he set sail with a small 
for a moment notice only a few of baud of 550, at the darkest hourO 
tlie many romantic and seemingly 'of midnight, to a land and over a ( 
extravagant, fictitious adventures | an ocean as unknown as the re- 7 
and ex[)l()its of this knight errant's ■ gions of the lower world. Here is \ 
career. | a i)icture taking all things into I 

About the year 1570, when the | consideration far surpassing any 
imagination of all Europe was adventures and romance, any le- 
wrouglit up to the highest pitch of | gend devised by Norman or Italian 
of enthusiasm over the recejit dis- 



coveries of and in the new world. 
Verlanquez, the S[)anish governor 
oi Cuba, determined to send out a 
lliH^t for the discovery and explor- 
ation of lands unknown. Cortez, 
who had Mlr('.id\' won some -lis 



bard of chivalry. A little band of 
a half thousand untrained men. 
sailing in a small fleet of eleven 
half furnished vessels to encounter 
a people whose hosts were almost 
as countless as the sands upon tlio 
seashore, nnd whose stonv en vc^ns. 



J 



^''•'^V-».Xt'-V-»-o^^_^ 



Tjie 1]lc>s Collf.oe ^Moxtiily. 



Xsnow capped peaks and entangled houf^i ;>!' bloods^ carna^e..stru:j:gling: 
1 valleys were the silent sentinels of in tlie throes of deatii, Cortez to 
J death to the hostile stranp;e'\ Yet his great delight saw 40,000 demons 
{ this little band was the instrument I of war baflied, defeated and coin- 
selected by providence to scatter | pietly routed by his little band, 
terror among the Aztec monarchs,j However inciedible thisina}^ seem 
and lay their empire in the dust, ' 40,000 meii completely defeated by 
Upon landing Cortez sent mes- J 500 men in open field, it was only 
sengers through the countiy to an- 1 a beginning, a mere stepping stone 
nounce his friendl}'' intention. They ! to what was to follow and almost 
vv^ere as messengers of death upon | sinks into insignificance when 
errands of miser}'. The country i compared with numerous other ex- 
was soon in arms and the countless I ploits of a similar but much super- 
host of bloody fiends poured forth j ior charactcj-. The nations of 
upon the little band of Cortez like a ' Amahuac beheld the pale-faced 
mighty avalanche upon an oak in j enemy within their borders beai-- 
lonely forest. The first great at- 1 ing the thunderbolt of destructif.ui 
tack occurred March 25th; 1519 | in one hand in the otlipr the seal 
with the Tobascans. On the broad , o| eternity's hush. 'J'he blood of 
plains of Centha vrere beliold the phe nations was aroused and ihe 
dusky lines as far a,s the eye could [countless hosts of fearless warriors 
reach, and as the Spaniards niovedJ rushed to the fields of slaughter, 
slowly through the thick morasses) The scene was appalling. Tine 
the furious Tobascans set up theii/ brave hearts of the Spaniards gave 
hideous war-cry and dischargea^ way except that of their com.mand- 
voiiv^ys of arrows, stone and other ! or and a few of his most devoted 
missiles which fell and rattled like ; followers. They prayed their gen- 
hail upon the shield and helmet. ' eral to lead them back to their na- 
At every fire of the Spania.rd's ar- five land as the grim monster 
tiliery, numbers of the enemy were death beset them on every hand, 
swept down like grain before the But in vain, Cortez endeavored to 
reaper but only to give room for | calm aud encourage his men b.y 
the return of superior forces and his thrilling and unusually effect- 
when stunned or driven back by ive eloquence, but to no purpose. 
a furious charge, soon turned again Seeing that lenient raea,sures were 
and rolling back like the waves of of no avail, he determined to re- 



a tempestuous sea seemed ready to 



sort to the more hazardous, and 



overwhelm the little band by ; with a fearless spirit, he ordered 
weight of numbers. After two the little fleet to be dismantled 



TiiETiii.cN CoLLEii: Monthly, 



and sunk to the bottom of tlie sea, 
thus with one bold stroke cutting 
oft" ail hope of esc'ai)e. He poinced 
to the ca[)itol of the xVztcc empire, 
the Jijoal of his ambition, and sa d 
to his little band. "There is your 
target, victory ordeatli: to flee you 
cannot; to relinquish 1 will not." 
Xow, dear reader, why need 
1 endeavor to shock your bet- 
ter feelings by portraying tlie 
scenes of carnage, the fields of 
slaughter, through which the 
heroes of Castile hewed their way 
into the ht^art of a mighty eni])ire? 
Why need I draw upon your im- 
agination by asking you to con- 
ceive of this heroism of the little 
band before the gates of the capi- 
itol, and of their hospitable recep- 
tion within its walls, of how they 
afterward seized Montezuma, the 
emperor, and before the eyes of 
the enraged multitude threw their 
monarch in chains. Of how the 
nations around were enraged with 
fury and rushed in countless thous- 
ands to the rescue of their capitol 
and their king. Of how the little 
handful of Spaniards slaughtered 
the dusky liordes by day and by 
night. ( )f how Cortez had to hew his 
way out of the enraged city through 
human gore and leave for a few 
days the sickening scenes of carn- 
7ige. < )f how he climbed a mountain 
17,000 feet high and descended 4(H) 
feet into the throes a volcano belch- 
ing forth fire and sulplnir, to collect 



material with which to replenish 
his exhausted store of powder. Of 
how in a few days he returned to 
the capitol and began anew his 
work of slaughter and ne'er relin- 
quished his plans until every na- 
tion of Amahuac was humbled and 
laid a rich trophy at the feet of un- 
grateful Spain. 

Let me repeat that such feats 
seem too unreal, too incredible, too 
improbable and far too extravagant 
ever to be recorded on the pages of 
any romance, however unreal, yet 
we are compelled to accept them 
as facts, but shall I add that Cor- 
tez, this Paladin of romance, this 
knight errant of bold deeds, who 
by his own daring added the 
brightest star the most glittering 
geni to the crown of Spain, was for- 
gotten in his old age and went down 
to a grave of sorrow, writhing with 
pain and misery at the hands of an 
ungrateful king. 

Yes, in a lonely island far from 
native land, home friends and lov- 
ed ones, he spent the last moments 
of his earthly existence and with 
one hand stretched toward his con- 
quered empire and the other to his 
dear native land, he whispered, "a 
monument to my imperishable 
fame," and when ages shall come 
and go and heroes now worshipped 
shall have been forgotten, Cortez 
will stand as the light of the ages 
and a champion without a peer; 
and as time shall creep on bowed 



^'^U-^^^.Jju^ 



The Elox r\»Li.F.(.i: Muxtifly. 



down with years, let the surprises s'lall ])rockiiin tliat among the 
of the future be what tliey will, heroes of the sword there is none 
his fame will grow young* without born greater tlian Cortez. 
ceasing, his record will dizzle tiie D. W. Cochrax. 

most gigantic minds and all ag.:>s 



THE V^AVERING MASSES IN POLITICS, 



Perliaps no field offei's a bcitter 
opportunity for the study of human 
nature than that of practical poli- 
tics. No man better under- 
stands the motives that guide men 
in dciily life than the politician, 
and no man uses this knowledge to 
accomplish his own purposes with 
greater skill than he. He feels in 
many cases that he is driven to 
acts, which to him are unpleasant, 
which are, perhaps, on the whole, 
unfortunate for the countrj-, but 
which, under the circumstances, 
are still a stern necessity. 

The difference of opinion v/ith 
reference to the character of the 
practical politician comes largely 
from a lack of knowledge an the 
part of the public as to the circum- 
stances in which the politician is 
placed, and as to the pressure that 
is brought to bear upon him, as 
well as from ignorance of the 



amount of excellent self-sacrificing 
work he reall.y does. 
\ Our government is said to be one 
founded upon public influences; 
guided by jmblic opinion. There 
can be little question that all re- 
forms must come from demands of 
I the public, but unless the people 
I are well informed as to the exact 
I condition of affairs, they cannot 
I act with intelligence. Atthe pres- 
ent time thei-e is a great outcry 
against corruption in elections, and 
the seliish acts of the practical poli- 
' tician as sho%vn therein, and a de- 
' maud that these abuses be done 
away witb. The demand is most 
I certainly a good one, but i: comes, 
in good pai't, from men, who, 
though honest and well intentic^ned, 
do not begin to appreciate the real 
state of affairs 

AVhenthe people really see things 
as thev are, know what ought to 



The Elo.x Colueoe ^Fonthly. 



r^ 



be (lone, and deuiand that action more equally divided states, New 
be taken, the poltician will be ready York, for instance, and you will 
and prompt to act. The politician find that in certain districts and 
cannot act until he feels that pub- j townships, the voters are entirely 
lie opinion is with him, his business for sale. It is stated that in one of 
is not to guide public opinion, but the eastern townships of said state, 
to follow it. He may help, how- containing about four hundred vot- 
civer, to arouse au enthusiasm for ers, there are not more than thirty 
])ublic interest, but duty is etjually entirely beyond reach of the money 
incumbent upon lawyers, teachers, influence. 

])reachers, and in fact all good and Prof. Jenks, of Cornell Universi- 
intelligent citizens. ty, states upon good authority that 

The great evil, which is so pre- in many localities of New York 
valent among the lower class of and even iu other states it is not 
voters, is their instability to loyal- very uncommon to find from ten to 
ty. Perha[)S the chief danger to thirty-five per cent of the voters 
the state from this corruption, is purchasable. He further states 
that where vote- buying has become that it is frequently the case that a 
common.the habit has so permeated farmer drives into the voting pre- 
the lower class of voters that the cinct with his sons and hired help, 
thought of corruption or wrong-do- and virtually auctions off the lotto 
ing does not enter the minds of the highest bidder. In California, 
many. They feel that they have an eye witness reports that he has 
something to sell which is valuable seen fifty votes offered in a lump 
to the candidate, and they sell their by one leader, though little was at 
vote to the candidate with almost stake in the election: no bidders 
as little sense of guilt as they sell were found and the man finally 
their potatoes to the grocer or their withdrew late in the afternoon 
labor to their employer. without voting at all. 

The pi-evalence of the custom of One cause that has conduced to 
vote-buying depends, of course, the corruption of voters is the lack 
very largely upon the locality, and of distinct issues between the par- 
upon the circumstances in each ties. When party feeling is \ery 
case. Where a district is strongly strong, as in our country at the 
Republican or Democratic, and time of the civil war, when most 
there is little likelihood of defeat of the masses feel that upon the 
for the more prominent party, there success of their party depends the 
is little necessity for vote-buying existence of their country, votes 
and little is d(me. But take the will not be so readily sold, relative- 



10 



Tin-: Elon ColleCxE M:)\'r;iLT. 



ly speaking, only here an;l there 
will be found a man whose vote is 
purchasable; but when the issues 
between the parties are not sharply 
drawn, when a man feels that either 
party's success is of slight conse- 
quence, it is much easier to secure 
his vote by purchase without any 
consciousness on his part of cor- 
ruption. 

What is mostly needed to-day is 
to thoroughly arouse the voting 
masses to a sense of duty, and 
stamp upon their minds the evil 
results of their instability. We 
need the old Cobden cry, "Agitate, 
agitate, agitate." Public interest, 
perhaps, can best be achieved by 
letting the people know through 
papers, peri(uli«cals, and books 
what is really done for this is by 
no means generally comprehended. 
Again the evils that come from 
such practices must be shown. 

As public opinions are slow to 
move it may well be worth while 
to have the principles of rational 
politics taught in our schools and 
colleges to a greater extent than is 



done at present. AVe hear mueli 
talk in educational conventi.-ni 
about ''teaching patriotism," but 
how is it to bo taught? The prac- 
tice of cheering the flag, of learn- 
j ing the biographies of some C'f.our 
leading statesmen, or of learning 
to believe, without knowing why, 
that our country is one < f the 
strongest and best on earth, will 
\ have little effect toward remedying 
j our present political evils. Let us 
i attempt to correct the error, remove 
the evils and make no more mis- 
i takes. Then, and not till then, will 
the individual feel the responsibili- 
ty of being loyal to his country; 
then, and not till then, can we feel 
able to express that grand senti- 
ment, so grandly portrayed in tl e 
closing lines of the Star-Spangled 
Banner. 

"And conquer we must, 
For our cause, it is just, 
And this be our motto: In God is our trust 
And the Star-Spangled Banner, 
Forever shall M'ave, 
O'er the land of the free and the lioine 
of the l)rave." 

J. W. Roberts. . 



TiiH Elon College ^Monthly. 



11 



IS THE WORLD IN MOTION? 



The sliip of whicli we are passen- 1 
gers is moving at the rate of about I 
one thousand miles a minute, and 
we do not realize the fact we are 
i-eally moving. But however un- 
real it may seem, it would surely 
be recognized by all, if its rotation 
on its axis should even stop, for it 
has been estimated by some distin- 
guished astronomers that it would 
produce enough friction to burn up 
the entire earth immediately. Be- 
sides the rotation of the earth on 
its axis and besides its revolution 
with other glittering planets around 
the sun, and besides, perhaps, its 
motion with the sun in his revolu- 
tion around some unknown center, 
there is another motion, which is 
of necessity, more interesting, a 
motion of which life is concerned, 
a motion of which the activity of 
man is a cause, a motion of which 
the velocity increases as the years 
go by and centuries lay aside the 
old colors to take up the brilliant 
shades of the new. This metion is 
the advancement and ])rogress of 
the world. 

Nations with tlicir kings upon 
the tlirone have flourished in their 
line of advancement, and fallen at 
the feet of their encMuios. bv whom 



these improvements are distributed 
to nations that thirst for something 
new. The world no doubt would 
have been entirely different if it 
had not been for the ingeniousness 
of a few generals, but, however, as 
it stands we find the greater part 
of it inhabited. No valley so low, 
no mountain so high but that some 
tribe exists thereupon. It has been 
estimated by Rae, the eminent 
Arctic explorer, that each inhabit- 
ant near the Hudson Bay required 
twenty square miles hunting 
ground, but in some other com- 
munities engaged in diversified 
business are found 2,200 and 0,000 
persons to every twenty square 
miles. On an average it stands 
thirty one persons for each square 
mile the world over. That is 
to say to support the world's present 
population in the savage condi- 
tion would require the superficial 
area of the planet Saturn. Then 
they would have to have a better 
control of their appetites than the 
average school boy and girl. But 
increase of population alone would 
not be of any importance if it were 
not for the amelioration and pro- 
longation o| life. The statistics 
of the world's greatest cities and 



12 



The Elon College. TkloxTiiLV. 



nations, France, Paris and New 
York, show that the death list in 
proportion t) the nu nber of inh ib- 
itants has decreased every year for 
a quarter of a century, and again 
the average life in Great Britain is 
nine years Ic nger than it was fifty 
years ago. Perhaps the same thing 
wouhl apply to America. My 
young American, you have nine 
years in your favor that your 
grandfathers did not have, so take 
time and master whatever joii 
take up in life; but do not do like 
the Hotentot in the jungles of Af- 
rica that cliased the ground-hog 
until he Avas a little fatigued and 
fell on the parching ground, con- 
soling himself with the idea that 
tlie earth would revolve and bring 
the hog back to him, when he 
would be rested and could capture 
the pig. This increase of nine 
years to the average life is the re- 
sults of knowledge, education. 
Physicians that have been in Med- 
ical schools for a number of years 
have made themselves famous by 
saving the lives of men, and direct- 
ing what should be done for the 
good of a town and community. 
Education has broadened the mind 
and to-day the people know more 
about the laws of nature. Water 
is not seen flowing down the mid- 
dle of the streets leaving the filth 
of the whole town in the streets, 
but instead of this there are stone 
streets in a convex shape in order 



to turn the water to the gullies 
that are })urifiers of the town. 

While inventions have been an 
aid to the advancement and pro- 
gress of the world, especially hjive 
they assisted theag'-icultural class. 
Henry Ward Beccher recognizing 
the fact that farming was under- 
going a gj'eat change, gave vent to 
these words: '"Fifty years ago 
there was more back ache in hand- 
ling one acre of wheat than there 
is to-day in fifty acres. Now the 
forehanded farmer has a plow rig- 
ged with a regular seat and rides 
as if in a chariot, then comes the 
seed drill with its cushioned seat 
and at length the reaper clears the 
field witli the farmer sitting on it 
like the gentleman that he is.'' It 
is the reaping machine that has 
made it possible for such a thin 
population to deal with such an 
enormous acreage of grain. Step 
by step the reaper has become im- 
proved until now it cuts the grain, 
binds it into sheaves with wire 
or twine and casts it aside ready 
for the cart, and all with the 
the help of but a single man to 
drive, doing the work of four men 
on the old machine. With' the 
cradle only, and still less with the 
sickle, there would be no possibili- 
ty of securing the products of these 
vast grain fields before it perished; 
and yet, with all the labor-saving 
machinery in the North-west, the 
crv was for more laborers: harvest 



The Elox Coi.'.eoe ^Tontjily. 



13 



hands were paid two and a half, 

tliree, and even four dollars a 

day. I 

"Hard times" is the cry of the | 

farmers over the plains of the! 
West and valleys of the South, and 
it seems as if this great revolution 
in farming does not help them. 
When the sickle was used one man 
could cut and bind one seventh of 
an acre a day, and with the cradle 
two acres per day, and now with 
tlic largest reaper in America, 
drawn by thir:y mules, four men 
can cut, bind and thresh forty-eight 
acres a day. The threshing which 
the sickle and cradle cannot do de- 
frays the expenses of the mules 
and the other three men — one man 
then, can now cut and bind forty- 
eight acres a day. Some one has 
estimated the expenses per acre as 
follows: Sickle, $4.95, Cradle, $3.35, 
Machine $1.25. In consideration 
of these facts, the cry of the agri- 
cultural class reminds us of the 
story of the Irishman that was 
sent to jail for stealing a broom 
He said: "Because one man swears 
tliat he saw me take the broom, I 
am convicted, and yet I can call 
up a thousand men that would 
swear that they did not see me 
take it. Now there is no justice 
in law." So just because a certain 
class of people do not take the ad- 
vantage^of things, and accumulate 
good therefrom they set up the 
cry. "No justice in government." 



Some hold the theory "that popu- 
lation ceases to increase in propor- 
tion as the standard of prosperity 
and civilization rises." This theory 
being true, surely the world is in 
motion. For we have proof of 
this theory. Within the last few 
years the leading nations and 
countries have decreased in popu- 
lation. We find it so with France, 
I Switzerland, Russia, England and 
! the Northern part of the United 
' States. But it has been estimated 
that at the end of the twenty-first 
century, our planet Avill have re- 
ceived its full share of inhabitants, 
and will no longer provide accom- 
modation. An increase of popula- 
tion is impossible, for education 
: and science are causing population 
I to decrease and multiplying the 
I products of the earth; therefore, 
school-mates, "Be not afraid," 
none of you will hunger for bread 
or thirst for water in the twenty- 
first century. 

It is to industry, to scientific 

' principles that the manufacturers 

are indebted for two or three or 

even ten times the work done per 

day with less labor. Whitney's 

j cotton gin has relieved the fingers 

j of the tedious work around the 

; fireside in the country homes. The 

j spinning wheel that rang from 

sunrise until late at night from the 

I gentle touch of the Southern girl, 

! is to-day placed in her parlor as an 



14 



The El()N College Monthly. 



ornament, thus keeping in memory 
her childhood hours. The saw 
mills that are turning the forests 
of the South into beautiful boards 
ready for erecting handsome cot- 
tages and palaces, have relieved 
man of many hours of hard toil 
with his hand- saw. The dilapi- 
dated omnibus has given place to 
the horse-car and the horse-car to 
the car carried by electricity. The 
railroads that are stretched over the 
hills and dales, mountains and val- 
leys of the world have displaced 
the stage-coach. The printing 
press is continually improving, 
Telegraphy is almost entirely new. 
The telescope can bring the most 
remote scene to realistic panorama 
before the "cheated eye,'' and the 
instrument that has analyzed the 
sunbeam and revealed the chemi- 
cal constitution of distant constel- 
lations." 

Yet, however fast has been the 
speed of progress, it has not yet 
reached its maximum velocity. 

Harben speaks of our tlioughts 
and appearances as being ridicu- 
lous to those that will live in the 
year ten thousand. At- that age 
the ?erial-ship will be used and the 
modern be forgotten; stone palaces 
will be no longer seen, but those of 
crystal will be in theirplaces; there 
will be no real language, but ex- 
pressions of the face will reveal 



the thoughts of men, and evil will 
he read on the heart in one com- 
mon language with brotherly 
love. 

Surely, there will be instru- 
ments to magnify music in light. 
The sun light will play a powerful 
solo with the gentle chorus of the 
stars led by the moon, meteors 
that shoot across the^ sky. Oh I 
for science I Oh I for education! 
"It is to invention that society is 
indebted not alone for the refine- 
ment but for every necessity of 
modern life; for clothing and shel- 
ter; for the means of flashing the 
very voice to a distant city or 
catching the fugitive tremulous 
tones and storing them away for 
the delectation of generations yet 
unborn; for mus c, jjoetry and the 
plastic arts; for locomotion by 
land, by sea, and even through 
the ambient air; for the ability 
from this tiny speck of earthly 
life to sound the abysses of time, 
thought and space; for the treas- 
ures of mind in all ages; the angel- 
ic in form and fea,ture; the God- 
like in thought and deed, and final- 
ly 'Like some great, mighty, 
thought threading a dream;' for 
the auspicious pledge of a yet 
liigher, purer, and happier civiliza- 
tion in ages yet to come," 

Ed. Everett. 



The Elon Col'.kge Monthly. 



15 



TO MARRY, OR NOT TO MARRY? 



The subject of marriage, which 
seems to be of inexhaustable inter- 
est, is just DOW undergoing one of 
its periodic discussions on both 
sides of the sea. Most persons are, 
it must be admitted, so prejudiced 
in favor of, or against marriage as 
to be incapable of a strictly impar- 
tial view. Advocacy of, or antag- 
onism to the institution might al- 
most be pre-determined by sex; for, 
while men disagree radically there- 
on, w^omen, w^ith very few excep- 
tions, ardently support it both in 
the abstract and the concrete. 
They appear to be unconscious that 
the burdens of w^edlock bear far 
more heavily on them than on 
men, who may lawfully and con- 
ventionally escape them in a hun- 
dred ways which women cannot 
follow. Moreover they are wont 
to idealize marriage and continue 
t© idealize it even after experience 
should have taught them better. 
They are so far biased in its behalf 
that many of them have been heard 
to say that a bad marriage is not 
so bad as none — a monstrous aver- 
ment, indicative of some degree of 
mental unsoundness. 

To the question. Is marriage a 
failure? It depends entirely upon 



how it is considered. If considered 
ideally, it is as a rule a downright 
and disastrous failure, as every- 
thing else is and must be. If con- 
sidered actually, it may or may 
not be a success, the result hinging 
on many circumstances independ- 
ent of the condition. That matri- 
mony is often a venomous disap- 
pointment, a cruel revelation, a 
mockery of faith, is palpably true. 
That it causes more misery than 
happiness, as has been frequently 
asserteii, is, in all probability, in- 
correct. But even if correct, it 
would not be so much the fault of 
matrimony as of those who engage 
in it. It is a common, though 
mistaken idea, that all men and 
women are fitted for wedlock, and 
that they cannot embrace it too 
soon after arriving at maturity. 
The error is most mischievous, and 
has ruined the lives of thousands, 
who, with proper enlightenment 
on the subject, might have been 
free from the unwieldly shackles. 
Those who never reflect on that or 
any other topic, and entertain no 
self- scepticism, are the surest to 
wed and the surest to suffer from 
their wedding. 



16 



The Elon Colleoe jMoxtiily. 



One great; reason, doubtless, why 
marriage lias produced so iJUKdi 
disappointment and unhapi)iness, 
why the reaction from it has been 
so strong, is its undue praise and 
over-estimation. H^^perbole has 
been spent upon ir for ages. It 
has been called a divine institution; 
theologians have pronounced it a 
sacrament and invested it with an 
ecclesiastic symbolism. Orthodox 
l)oets have declared it to be the 
only bliss that has survived the 
fall. It has been desr-ribed as a 
i-emedy for every woe, a healing 
for every wound, a conjunction of 
earth and heaven. Evidently there 
can be no love without passion; 
but there is an incalculable sum of 
passion without love, and this is as 
productive of as it is inimical to 
marriage. At least half of its 
failures may be ascribed to that 
source. The passion is so intense, 
so extravagant, so absorbing as to 
exclude reason and all the flinty, 
inevitable facts of life. Its sway 
is an intoxication of the senses, a 
blindness of the brain, a temporary 
dementia which makes whatever 
is desired probable and turns the 
incredible into the actual. 

If they who wed could only al- 
low beforehand for passion, there 
would be a great decline in matri- 
mony; but it would rest on a far 
sounder basis. 

Woman at best has a hard part 
to play. She is continually twitted 



I for her alleged anxiety to marry, 
I and ridiculed if she remains single 
I The fear of being an old maid, as 
I it is tauntingly put, has, without 
! doubt, impelled thousa.ids to enter 
I matrimony against their better 
' judgment. They have taken a 
i husband to show that they can get 
one; as if anybody with any knowl- 
edge of the world had doubt (:>f 
their ability to do so. Any woman 
speaking generally may wed if she 
likes. It is never suspected that 
man remains single for want of 
opportunity to be otherwise. Why 
should it be suspected of woman? 
She has so many ways of 
evincing her preference, she is so 
very adroit in wdiat are termed 
affairs of the heart, that she may 
be trusted to jierform her share of 
the wooing. In this she is by far 
man's superior. But if she, or he, 
should have an ideal of a partner, 
and he is likely to have before she 
is in connubial danger — and should 
insist on its realization, there 
would be an extraordinary decline 
in matrimony. 

In these days more than ever, 
bachelors are exposed to criticism 
and censure for being such. Is not 
this gratuitous impertinence? Is 
it not fair to presume that they 
should know better than those 
busybodies, whether they ought to 
marry or not? If they say that 
they are not adapted to matrimony; 
that thej^ have never met a woman 



The Ef.ox r'oLLEGE Monthly. 



17 



But it is not. 
of capital oi 
indispensable. 



they wanted for a wife; that they 
disbelieve in the institution; that' 
they have not money enough; or | 
give any other excellent reason they 
are apt to be told that their words 
are nonsense. It is noticeable, by | 
the by, that many of the most ! 
active counsellors are very poorj 
examples of what they preach;' 
suggesting, spontaneously, the fox 
in the fable. ^ 

Lack of money is generally 
decried in this country as a mis- 
erable excuse for not marrying. 
A certain amount 
income is aluK^st 
Many a union has 
proved disastrous, which, if the 
couple had not been very poor, 
might have gone on smoothly to 
the end. 

Wealth oven in moderation is 
superfluous: but straightened cir- 
cunistances, long continued, may 
tax patience and mutual affection 
beyond endurance. Penury is 
prone to undermine wedded love, 
like the loss of esteem; and he who 
incurs the solemn responsibility 
pecuniarily unprepared is rash in 
excess. Love, if it be half genuine, 
can wait, as creditors will not. 

The subject of marriage can not 
be weighed U)0 long or too seri- 
ously. It is more solemn than 
death, since as a misogamist might 
say, with death our troubles end; 
with marriage they truly begin. 
The recklessness with which mar- 
riage is often perpetrated is a 



sharper satire upon it than any- 
thing that professional jesters can 
invent. Wedlock defies augury; 
it is continually an exception to 
itself. One man may blunder 
dreadfully in taking or not taking 
a wife; which is the fatal step, each 
man must determine for himself, 
and for himself alone. 

Eternal praise be to the woman 
who does not wait for suitors; who 
spurns the notion of exchanging 
herself for material maintenance. 
She who depends on herself, is sin- 
cerer, stronger, nobler for the 
dependence. 

The words, "old maid" have 
recently been shorn of their terri- 
fying power; they are revered in 
contrast with the words, "imhappy 
[wiie." Independence, while it 
makes her superior to marriage 
' fits her to be the truest of conju- 
gal companions. She, or he is, 
perhaps best suited to wedlock 
who can live without it. 

Almost everything in the United 
States countenances marriage. If 
it be a failure here, it must be 
principally owing to the partici- 
pants. If we wed unfortunately, 
I or unwisely, as anyone of us may, 
' ample means are provided for our 
retreat Is marriage a failure? 
If it be, such a host of men and 
women are failures themselves, 
can they, with any show of reason, 
expect, by adding failure to fail- 
ure, to insure a success? 

Kli.jah Moffitt. 



18 



The Elox College Monthly. 



EDITORIAL. 



W. C. WICKER, Editor. 



The Conflict of popees. 

Geologists tell us that the universe 
has been in existence for about thirty 
millions of years and recent investiga- 
tion and discovery have led to the hy- 
pothesis that the earth has been spinning 
on its axis for th3 last hundred million 
years. But it matters but little to us just 
how long this "mundane sphere" has 
been flying in space, since the time of its 
creation. Since first the morning stars 
saner together and greeted the creation 
of other worlds and other climes by their 
melodious solos and chanted songs, the 
"Conflict of Forces" has existed. 

While the nebulae hypothesis was 
doing its work to further the cause of 
creation, it suggests to us the necessity 
of conf5icting forces. It is natural to 
suppose that ever since the dawn of crea- 
tion, action and reaction have taken 
place. The sun that shines by day and 
the stars which deck the heavens at 
night suggest to our minds two opposing 
forces. If the centripetal force was cut 
asunder and the centrifugal allowed to 
take its course of action we would soon 
perceive the result of things without op- 
posing forces. The earth would, prob- 
ably, be hurled from its orbit into the 
sun or some other planet. The geologist 



says there was a tiiue when fishes were 
lords of creation. A time when reptiles 
ruled the world, and so on in the scale 
of life until we reach that period when 
brute force no longer rules the world, 
but the forces of reason spring up and 
put into execution human skill and gen- 
ius thus supplanting brute force. This 
is the great intellectual era of the 
world's histoiy. Reason now controls 
the world, and next in succession is 
virtue. It was conflicting forces which 
brought on the Reformation under Mar- 
tin Luther. In fact, all the great and 
heroic battles, wliich have been recorded 
on the pages of history, are only the re- 
sults of opposing forces which have arisen 
among the civilized and uncivilized na- 
tions. of the world. 

We know that there have been geo- 
logical conditions under which human life 
was impossible on this earth. Even 
now as the earth circles on her appointed 
orbit, the northern ice cap slowly thick- 
ens, and time gradually approaches, 
when its glaciers will flow again and 
austral seas, ."lipping northward, bury 
the seats of present civilization under 
oceanic wastes. And beyond these 
periods science discerns a dead earth, 
an exhausted sun — a tinie when, clashing 



Tiir: Ei.ox College Monthly, 



ID 



togetlier, the Solar SysrUm .shall resolve 
itself into a gaseous form, again to be- 
gin immeasurable mutations. There is 
a continual warfare going on in the ani- 
mal and vegetable world and it is only 
the consequence of opposing forces. 

Sentient beings striving against the 
conflicting forces of the Universe with a 
desire to become the purvivoi-s of tiie 
fittest. 

With steam and electricity, and the 
new powers born of progress, forces have 
entered the world that will either com- 
yiel us to a higher plane or overwhelm 
us, as nation after nation, as civiliza- 
tion after civilization, have betii over- 
whelmed before. Between democratic 
ideas and aiistocratic adjustments of so- 
ciety there is an irreconcilable conflict. 
Jn short, to use the language in which 
Herbert Sjiencer has defined evolution, 
the development of society is, in rela- 
tion to its component individuals, the 
]>assing from an indefinite, incoherent 
homogeneity to a definite, coherent he- 
terogeneity, 

The great lovers of morality are at 
work trying to counteract the opposing 
forces of immoralitiy. And thus an an- 
alogy may be drawn between the life of 
society and the life of the Solar 
System ui)on the nebuhe hypothe- 
sis. As the heat and light of the 
sun are produced by the aggregation of 
atoms evolving motion, which finally 
Lea.«ps when the atoms at length come to 
a state of equilibri'im; the aggregation of 
individuals in a community evolves a 
forc' whi<'h pro.luccs the light and 



warmth of civilization. Invention is 
knitting together nations into one com- 
mon family, and science is unlocking the 
silent and conflicting forces of Nature 
and the Universe. W. H. Albright. 



Athletics in College. 

Our colleges and universities are pro- 
vided fur the culture and training of 
the youth of our country for usefulness. 
Anything that can contribute to man's 
development physically when it is not 
carried beyond propriety is praiseworthy 
and should be practiced by all; for the 
body is the temple of God and should be 
fitted to subserve His highest interest. 
It is only by a strong and vigorous body 
that the mind can act and perform its 
functions successfully. In evey college 
and university there should be some 
well organized system of j^hysical devel- 
opment, but when it is conducted in 
such a way as to take the place of men- 
tal culture it is carried too far. Match 
games are played for no other purpose 
than thp honor of becoming champion 
players. A great deal of time has been 
recently given to foot ball and base ball 
in contest games among some of the lead- 
ing colleges of the State, but what good 
can come from this? Can such games be 
carried to an excess as well as any other 
indulgence? Would there not be greater 
goo<l accomplished if the time and money 
spent in preparing for these match 
games and paying railroad fares were 
used to develop these young men men- 
tally? When weeks are spent in such 
l>reparation it cannot be of the a,reate.<t 



:o 



The Elox College MoNinLY. 



good for the student. There was an age 

Avhen brute force ruled the worhl. There 

was also a time when the Greeks 

exercised their physical strength in 

racing and }»oxing and various other 

sports, but we think of this as the age of 

intelligence, when mind rules and reigns. 

See its power displayed in the use of; 

the forces of nature. i 

tSee rhe steam power, the electric 

power, the numerous inventions that are 

taking the place of physical force. ' 

These all tell us that the age demands ! 

not more phvsical force but more vigor- ' 

. i 

ous minds, because unless we continue to. 

progress we must decline and it will | 

soon leave its impress upon our nation, ] 

There can be no time found for unneces- ! 

sary athletic exploits if students do their I 

duty toward their text books and their i 

literary .societies. j 

Every college in our land should exer- 1 
cise its students in some kind of physical 
development just so far as it is conduc- 
ive to vigorous mental growth. 

The Christian Association will find 
here a broad field in which to do a great 
work by regulating and .systematizing the 
physical development of college students. 
Some colleges have no regular exercise 
and many students suffer mentally 
because of neglecting to take the proper 
amount of exercise while others are at 
the other extreme and suffer mental W 
because they spend too much time in 
such amusements. An hour's exercise 
every day under a competent teacher 
would be a great blessing to the college 
student that gives all his time to his text 



books to the neglect of his physical cul- 
ture. It would be equally as beneficial 
to tho.se .students that carry athletics to 
the other extreme and neglect their 
studies. There is room for great im- 
provement in many institutions in 
imparting the proper instructions along 
this line. When some system is adopted 
and carried out under the supervision of 
a competent teacher there will be 
less graduates who are physical wrecks. 
Nearly all the colleges in our State have 
well equipped gymnasiums and compe- 
tent insructors. Let the Trustees of 
Elon College think of this in 2:)lanning 
for the college. Give us a gymnasium, 
we are sadly in need of it. Better let 
some of the building go undone than to 
deny us the privilege of developing the 
building in which the soul dwells and 
upon the condition of which depends our 
usefulness. W. C. W, 



Denominational Colleges. 

It is but natural for one to love the 
college within whose walls he was 
educated even though it be but an 
"embryo" college. Every graduate cher- 
ishes in his bo.som a love for his Alma 
Mater that is paramount to his love for 
any other college, even though it be a 
denominational college. And while we 
would not underrate the work that these 
colleges are doing in the cause of higher 
education we were of the opinion that 
those also who are not specially inter- 
ested in these "embryo" colleges and 
those who are so fortunate as to hold 
diplomas from State universities were 



TiiF. Klox Col'.eoe Monthly. 



21 



willing to admit that these "leaser lights" \ 
arc iloiiig no mean work lor liighej eiln- 
cation. 

But we were apiirii^ed by an article, 
in a recent number of the I'nirersifi/ 
Magazine on "Education in the 
South, ■■ of tlie startling fai-t (!*) that the 
o]>popite is the case, that "Northern 
benefactors would not always be gratified 
to know that while strengthening their 
denoniinati( n they are retarding the 
piogress of higher eiluoation in the, 
South by their donations to denouiina- : 
tional colleges. i 

Far be it from us to say one wonl de- ! 
rogatory to the work our State universities ' 
are doing. Indeed as a true Southerner 
we rejoice at what they have done, 
the progress they are now making and 
will hail the day when the South can boast 
of her Harvard and her Yale. Xor have 
we any desire to provoke a discussion on , 
the respective excellencies of denomina- 
tional and non-tlenominational colleges, 
but when the sweeping statement is 
made that denominational colleges are a 
liindrance to the progress of higher edu- 
cation in the South, our loyalty to these 
colleges and our interest in the cause of 
Christian education prompt us to say a 
woril in their defence. We do not think 
the statement i.s true, whether by the 
term "higher e«lucation" is meant the 
trairdng given in the average college or 
the woik done in such universities as 
John.s Ho|.kins, Harvard and Yale. 
Mdiiv of onr denominational colleges are 



doing as thorough work as any State 
college in the South. Quite a number 
of them have cieditable eiidowments, 
splendid buildings and apparatus and 
are Uiauned by instructors second to 
those of no State university. Their cur- 
ricula will compare very favorably with 
that of the State or non-denominational 
college. Again, in the di.stribution of 
honor and [lositions of trust and profit 
within the gift of Church and State 
their graduates come in for their full 
share. In the lecture room, in post- 
graduate work, at the bar and in the 
pulpit they are not a whit behind the 
graduates of State colleges. If then we 
are to judge the tree by its fruit, we are 
forced to the conclusion that the instruc- 
tion and standard of scholarship in our 
denominational colleges are equal to 
those of State colleges and that they are 
all doing the .same work whether that be 
to retard or to promote the cause of 
higher education. 

Again, it may be said that nobody 
doubts this but the point urged is that 
all Southern colleges ("except the uni- 
versities of Virginia and North Caro- 
lina") are in the "embryo" state and the 
cause must be attributed to "denomina- 
tionalism ' which has given birth to too 
many colleges and has imparted a nar- 
rowness to our ideas of education. But 
is the number of Southern colleges in 
the way of the establishment of such uni- 
versities as are found in the North? 
Let us see. There are far more colleges 



99 



The Elox College i\IoxTnLY. 



(many of which are denomi national) in 
the North than in tlie South yet Harvard 
and Yale number their students by the 
thousands. From what source do they 
draw this vast array of students? From 
the colleges of America and other coun- 
tries of course. Whence then would 
come the students for such a university 
in the South? Evidently from the same 
source. Then, according to our way of 
thinking, denominational colleges are 
but a means to this grand end. As the 
high schools are feeders to our colleges 
so our colleges (denominational or what 
not so they do the work of colleges) are 
feeders to the universities. An increase 
in the number and efficiency of high 
schools means larger patronage and 
greater usefulness for the colleges, and 
less academic and more post-graduate 
work for the universities. 

Denominational colleges have no 
desire to become universities. They are 
content to confine themselves to the 
higher education of the masses. For 
this I'Urpose were they established and 
to this end are they striving. If present 
indications mean anything we have no 
fears, that Mr. Bostwick, Mr. Rockefeller 
or our own Mr. Carr will ever have 
cause to repent of their deeds of benevo- 
lence in thi.* direction on the other hand 
the hundreds of our Southern youth 
whom they have enabled and the thous- 
ands they will enable to get an educa- 
tion who otherwise would have gone 
without it, will be an imperishable 



monument to their memories and men 
yet uidjorn will rise up and call them 
blessed. 

In the next place, we submit that there 
is positively no "sectarianism" in tlie 
lecture room or in any of the work of 
denominational colleges. Here are as 
good "opportunities for being trained by 
the best methods of instruction for hear- 
ing the best thoughts of the day" and 
students live in an atmosphere as free 
from "sectionalism" or "sectarianism" 
as are found in any State college. There 
is as much science taught and as much 
of the "spirit of investigation," and the 
student would not know unless told 
whether he was studying "Baptist Latin,'' 
'Methodist Greek," "Presbyterian En- 
glish," "Christian Mathematics" or that 
of some other denomination. This much 
is insisted upon — that the instruction be 
distinctively Christian. The great aim 
is to send out educated Christian men in- 
stead of moral wrecks and confirmed 
skeptics. 

Let us thank God that he has juit it 
into the hearts of his people to establisti 
so many christian colleges. Let us bid 
all — State and denominational alike — 
Godspeed, and let us confidently hope 
that with jDrogressive men in our State 
universities and well equipped and ef- 
ficient denominational colleges to relieve 
them of academic work and to goad them 
on to still higher work the "New South" 
will in the near future have her univer- 
sities rivaling those of the North. 

R. a, K. 



The Elox College Monthly. 



28 



LOCALS. 



W. H, ALBRIGHT, Editor. 



ChristmasI 

Examinations! 

Chilly Winds!! 

Political Victory! 

Renew your subscription. 

Examine our advertising depart- 
ment. 

Who said "Billie" was too short- 
winded to cut wood? 

Latest: — Some of the girls have 
been riding on the velocipede. 

The voting precinct of Boon's 
Station Township is at Elon Col- 
lege. 

A Junior being asVed the mean- 
ing of Alma Mater replied, "Old 
Student." 

Rev. H. L. Hines, of Guilford 
county, gave us a pleasant call not 
long since. 

A young lady asked a Senior if 
he was going to carry his umbrella 
to keep the wind off of his body. 

Boys, buy your neckwear from 
Cutchin & Co., and shoes from 
l)arden-& Gay. See their "ads'" 

The birds of the field, it is said, 
seem to be amused at the oratori- 
cal i/fll.s of th<^ Juniors and Seniors. 



District Meeting was held at 
Elon College on the fifth Saturday 
in October with good results flow- 
ing therefrom. 

The Junior class will make their 
debut Friday night, December 2nd, 
and entertain us with their fiery 
words of oratory. 

Information Wanted: — A Prep 
wishes to know if the Faculty al- 
lows the boys to talk to the girls 
on the ' 'canvas." 

Wise boys: — The Fresh and Soph, 
classes have deserted their ranks 
and classified themselves among 
the dignified Seniors. 

Miss Jessie Graham, of Union 
Ridge, recently spent some days 
on the "Hill" visiting her sister 
Bettie, who is in college. 

Dr. Long, Prof. Holleman and 
Revs. W. J. Laine and W. C. Wick- 
er were Elon's delegation to the 
conference which met at Wake 
Chapel. 

Thanksgiving day was duly ob- 
served by the suspension of college 
exercises and by appropriate relig- 
ious exercises conducted by Prof. 
Kendrick. 



24 



The Elon College ]\[onthly. 



Rev. J. P. Barrett, D. D , of Va., 
gave us a pleasant call not long 
since; we appreciate his visit, with 
so many encouraging and clreering 
words for Elon College. Come 
again Dr. Barrett. 

A Junior and Senior have been 
'•quizzing'' the physician about 
dreams; it is reported, however, 
that they were making applications 
for a, prescript ion to prevent this 
dorinmit state of the will. 

Query for the annual debate: — 
Resolved, that the signs of the 
times indicate a long life for our 
Republic. Debaters are as follows: 
Affirmative: W. C. Wicker, R. H. 
Peel. Negative: W. H. Albright, 
R, T. Hurley. 

After the Senior class regaled us 
"with an avalanche of thought," 
Dr. Long granted tlie students a 
social entertainment for an hour, 
much to the enjoyment of all. 
Senior class returns many thanks 
for the instrumental music given 
by the young ladies on this occa- 
sion. 

While discussing the subject of 
imagination in the Psychology les- 
son, one of our Seniors said: "A 
person is liable to make errors in 
imagination is he not Professor?" 
Of course, the Prof, of Mental Sci- 
ence told the Senior that we are 
guilty of making errors in our im- 
agrination. 



Rev. W. T. Walker, of Greens- 
boro, preached for us the 31st 
of October, at 11 o'clock, a.m. His 
subject-matter was excellent and 
his delivery forcible. The good 
people of Elon enjoyed the dis- 
course and hope that Bro Walker 
will make it convenient to preach 
for us again soon. 

A Senior says: '"I have almost 
three million and a half ideas 
registered on my mind, and I fear 
I have about reached that state 
when I can't learn any more." 
We extend our sympathies to the 
Senior, and are lead to believe 
: that his head is not so full, after 
I all, as he really thought. 

I Rev. P. H. Fleming, pastor of 
the Christian Church at Graham, 
preached for us the last Sunda}^ in 
October, at 3 o'clock p. m. His 
subject being the origin, growch 
and influence of the Y. Al. C. A. 
All were pleased with the discourse 
especially, we presume, the mem- 
bers of the Y. M. C. A. 

While conversing with a Senior 
concerning the eclipse of the sun, 
he said: "I had forgotten about 
the sun being in eclipse to-day, but 
it appears that the clouds ore be- 
hind the sun this evening. We 
presume, however, that the Senior 
meant the clouds were between us 
and the sun and that we could not 
well see the eclipse. 



Thf, Klox ('(>i.LE(ip; Month Lv. 



2o 



A Senior asked a youti^ lady to j 
take a stroll with him. The young 
lady re[)lied: '"I don't like Seniors." 
A Frosh st inilia^ near by said: '4 
ani a Fresh. W()n*t y<>n <;^i) with 
me?" The young lady said: ''Ii 
doa't admire Fresh." A pre^), (in- 
terrupting) said: ''go with me '' ' 
The girl respoaded: "All right. I 
like tlie preps." If ever there was 
a iia[)py boy (from all indications) 
that Prei> surely was. 

We beg the pardon of our readers 
and the friends of The Monthly 
for sending t)Ut the last issue in its 
"new dress" with the numerous 
typogi'aphioal errors and for the 
'• untidy ness" of it in general. It 
was an attempt of the Business 
Managers to get a cheap job and 
we are sure you will agree with us 
in saying tliat they were not dis- 
aj)pointed. We hope to present a 
more sightly appearance this time. 
—[Eds.] 

Quite a comical entertainment 
was given by the young ladies Sat- 
urday night. Xov, 2(;, under the 
auspices of the Psiphelian Society. 
It was quite a success, and although 
the tax was (tnly <i quarter^ we 
think no one regretted having gone. 
After these exercises, a reception 
was given. Now what that is, ask 
those who remained and enjoy edt?) 
themselves by the never-ceasing 
promenade fnim one side of the 
Chapel to the other. 



A fresh while conversing with a 
Senior said: ''I have never been in 
the Library." The Senior wanted 
t ) know of the Fresh why he did 
not attend the Readi. ig Room, and 
the Fresh responded: "I have nev- 
er been initiated: won't you escort 
me to the Reading Room and per- 
form this ceremony?" Of course 
the Senior granted his request, and 
was very sorry to know that the 
young Fresh had been deprived of 
this opportunity during three 
months of his college life. 

While running over the mysteries 
and miracles of Biblical history, 
the hum of a windmill drawing 
water into a high tank, attracted 
' the attention of a young minister. 
He paused for a moment, turning 
to his partner said: "Suppose the 
breeze should reverse itself imme- 
diately and turn the mill back- 
wards, it would pump all the water 
from the tank into the well, 
wouldn't it?" Partner laughed at 
his earnestness. "Well," said the 
minister, "it is not impossible: and 
1 heard of an overshot water- wheel 
of a grist mill getting out of order 
and turning backwards until it un- 
ground three bushels of corn." 

I Seniop Speaking. 

Uc'poitoil l>y S. M. Smith. 

i The evening was pleasantly 
I spent. Everybody enjoyed it. 
; 'Twas Friday night, Nov. isth. 
I At the ringing of the bell we 



The Elon College Monthly 



assembled in the chapel. Soon the ! ico — Bloody battles vividly pic- 
senior class in company with our ; tured. 

worthy President comes up the I Oration — S. E. Everett, subject 
aisle. Taking their places on the I — ''Is the World in Motion?" A 
rostrum the exercises began. The [ hit at the '*swell-head seniors" — 
program was well arranged and \ Busy throng of the world's popu- 
creditably executed. The follow- ! lation in action — Progress of the 



ing was the order: 

Piano Solo, by Miss Blanche 
Long, Oration — J. W. Roberts, 
subject — ^The Wavering Masses in 



nations of earth. 

Oration — W. H, Albright, sub- 
ject— "The Shibboleth of the Age." 
Effects of selfishness upon the hap- 



Politics. The idea set forth in the I piness of men — man his own King. 



subject was well developed — show- 
ing plainly the great need of a 
more thorough education among 
the masses in politics. 

Oration — J. W. Rawls, subject 
— "The Persecution of the Puri- 
tans." Effects of such persecu- 



Oration— W, C. Wicker, subject 
— "The Progress of the Country." 
Bloody battles of the Revolution — 
peace and prosperity — the United 
States to-day — first among the 
nations of the earth. 

Instrumental Duet-Misses Annie 



tions upon the religions of England and Mamie Eley. 



and upon the people. 

Essay — Miss Annie Graham, 
subject — "A Voice from Home- 
stead." Evil effects of strikes 
upon labor and capital 

Oration— E. Moffit. subject— "To 
Marry or not to Marry — that's the 
Question." A word of warning to 
the ladies — a subject of thought 
for every end — why so few "old 
maids" — marriage more solemn 
than death. 

Vocal Duet — Misses Hontas 
Rawls and Emma Willianison. 

Oration — R. H. Peel, subject — 
"Bloody Capitol." Cortez in Mex- 



Oration— B. F. Long, subject — 
Stonewall Jackson. The war of 
the Confederacy — noted Generals 
— Jackson one of the n^cst promi- 
nent — reasons why. 

Piano Solo — Miss Julia Long. 
The above is the program and brief 
synopsis of the exercises of the 
evening, in which our "seniors" 
gained for themselves oratori- 
cal fame. Interspersed as it 
was with good music, it was indeed 
enjoyable. Perhaps the more 
pleasant part of the evening en me 
later. Why — Oh! a reception! They 
generally speak for themselves so 
no further comment is necessary. 



Tlli: h'LO.N <'()i,Lir(;|,: ;^[(^^•THLY. 



27 



Y. M.C. A. NOTES. 



W ('. WICKMIJ. Kditoi:. 



\\\' luivo bt'oii coniing to you 
Aviili ^•(.( (] news fi-oiii our Associa- 
lion. l/iit we (111 thank (Jod that wo 
(•on:e with still better ti(lin<4's for 
the last mouth. Realizing- the 
jK^wei- of ])ers()nal woi-k ami spe- 
cific piayei", each yeung' man made 
a cei'tain one of his fellow stutlents 
as a special object of prayer. The 
n!eetiii;.^s of the first [uirt of the 
month were preparatory to the 
woik of piayt;)-. When this prec- 
ious time of spiritual feast i no* came 
<m, it seemed that the earnest 
j)?ay(M-s and g-entle warninj^s had 
made I'eady the sail foi- the recep- 
tion of Divine tiuths and tlie 
att(Midant blessings. 

As a lesult of the lirst n:eeting 
i.f the Week, •■ne of our dear fel- 
lows opened the dooi- of his heai't 
and accepted Chiist. Though 
there was no conveision at the 
second meeting, nuudi interest was 
manifested, anil two young men 
riMpiested special pi'ayer. At the 
third meeting we were greatly 
i-ejoiced to see another of our ftd- 
jow students boiii into Christ's 
i\iiigdoMi. Just at tlu' (lose of the 
fourth meeting another was 
bronghl fioni daikness into light. 
The lifth meeting gave ns no soul. 



hut the lioly Spiiit rested abim- 
dautly upon those wh(» liad 
accepted Him. 

The last meeting was devoted to 
testimony, and all present were 
strengthened by many encouraging 
words. 

This leaves us with only one 
young man who has not accepted 
the glorious truths of the Gospel. 
Brethren join us in a special prayer 
for this young man. 

Xor would we fail to bring good 
news from the Y. W. C. A. They 
report three souls that have been 
born again. All seem to be grovs'- 
ing spiritualh' stronger. This 
leavt^s only one young lady on tlu^ 
down .vard I'oad to destruction. 

?day we not pray these two of 
our fellow st iidents into the King- 
dom of (lod;' 

A collection amouting to .f5.;)5 
was taken. 

Our meetings since the Week of 
Prayer have been especially inter- 
esting and beneficial. 

The young ladies have organized 
three Bible Classes with an averag(j 
membership of nine. 

At a bnsiness m(^(^ting of the Y. 
M. C. A. the following officers were 
elected for tlie ensuing y<.'ar. Pres. 



2^ The Elon College Monthly. 



W. P. Lawrence; Vice Pres. R. T. i We feel sure that, with these 
Hurley; Corresponding Sec, W. J. devout men at the head of our 
Graham; Recording Sec. W. H. Association, we will not fall back 
Harward; Treas. J. M. Cook. in our work, but will continue 

onward and upward. 



EXCHANGE NOTES. 



Yale has lately taken the first tion in the world of thought, in 

step toward opening the university science and in civilization tend to 

to both sexes. An official announce- new creation. 

ment of the action of the faculty There are 190 college papers in 

states that twenty scholarships, the United States. — Ex, 

yielding the amount of tuition of The Wofford College Journal is 

§100 each, and five fellowships of on our table and reflects credit 

of $400 each, have been created, upon the college it represents. It 

These will be open to graduates of is an interesting magazine. The 

all colleges, and the strictly post December issue contains quite a 

graduate course and the doctor of number of excellent articles 

philosophy on and after 1892 wil] ^^^^^ ^^^^(, ^^ ^^^ ^.g^,,-,^, ^^^_ 

be open without distinction^of sex. ^^^^^^^ -^^ American colleges are pre- 

It IS rxplamed that this is not ^^^ing for the ministry.-Ex. 

intended to compete with the col- „„ ^, . ^^ . ., ,, 

, » -xi 1 I he breorqia Lniversitii Maqa- 

leges for women or with co-educa- . i -".i n 

^. ^ . ^.^ j^. , X . . .1 zine comes as usual with well 

tional institutions, but to give the .^^ i x- i • 

J ^ J. XI • x-x ;. written productions and is gotten 

graduates of these institutions as . .^ ^ i xx x- 

, X -x- ^ 1 , up in quite a neat and attractive 

good opportunities for advanced x i mu- • £ i i 

, , , . style. This paper is one of marked 

research as can be secured in n , . 

„ ,^ excellence and is among our most 

Europe. — Ex, i i i 

^ valued exchanges. 

The N. C. Uiiiversif!/ Macjazine The Presbyterians of the South 

is replete with well written arti- Atlantic States will in the near 

cles. and is creditably edited. One future, establish a college of high 

article especially interesting is grade in North Carolina or Georgia. 

"The Conflict of 'Forces." It shows Asheville, N. C. is suggested and 

quite vividly how action and reac- will probably get it.— Ex. 



The Elox Col'.E'IF. MnNTiiLY, 



29- 



The Wake Forest Sittdent for 
November is on our table. We 
liave been a peruser of the Student 
for several years, and have always 
considered it among the best, if 
not the best of college journals in , 
the State. Wake Forest College I 
has furnished Elon's Latin Chair 
with two of her noblest sons, and 
for this, if nothing else, the 
^loNTHLY feels a tender interest in 
her and her worthy exponent. 
Therefore the student cannot think 



us unkind should we offer a bit of 
adverse criticism. The interest 
manifested in foot ball seems to 
have a tendency to impair the 
accustomed literary merits of the 
magazine. Not only is much space 
given to discussion of games in the 
editorial department, but the sub- 
ject is even brought into the con- 
tribution department. To outside 
readers this cannot but detract 
from the usual interest of the Stu- 
dent. 



Advicutisemexts. 



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Advertisements. 



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f^loix Coll^g^ iV\oi\tl\ly,i 



BY THE 



•/: 



8 

9 






Literary Societies, 



-^-f-f-^ 



£ W TQH I y^ L. St >V f V 



PAOf ^CRBCIhTSCHOtZ, ALUMMi CO^TOM 






W. H. At^ftlGHT, MiWANNtCrOMAHAM 



t, wiorriTT, 

- •■; V 'rf- -r ■: ■■ 







S M SMITH 



J. H, JONCS. 



CpNT^NTS. 



ftipltetiat* Soef<tty. 



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The VVotuan of the Piitiire veifBiis tl»e Wo?iia!> 
/ tlie P«^'^, (>RA Ai.r>RlKOK 

IKNXIK HKRMI>Oy. . . J. .'- . 



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H..\. Simpson. , ....:.'....;......./ 



.iMAi ^ JSotne Ettects of fidiieatioii, J. W. Harkrij.. 



14 



lit 



I'l 



Loeii>, 



F.JSr|!<N«lC NOTK 



World*!" roldmhiaii Kxpositinn, A. R. Lawrkno^ -<' 
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.w ThysfU, II 

'oi^'e froia Homestead;. M. Aa^iim fiR^HAM. . 

try Afl connected wifeli tk^e ^j^rtli, Blla. Johniijoa 'in 

^•.•'•.•- -^-^ ...;..,..;. ...:.;...;.... .38 





© 



«. M. SIM 



Class 



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ELON COLLEGE, N. C 

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Elon CoUejfe Monthly. ;i- _ . __ _- 

Elon College. ^^ _ , , > , . 

Herndou & Young, Druggists, Stflcient8''Supplies 

T. E. Porter & Co, General Meichandise, ._ .. 

Dr. G. W. Kernodle. Physioian. 

W..S.; Long, Jr., Dentist. 

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Stoekard & Lour. Surgeon Dentists 

J H Shelburn, Fhotxigrapher 

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C. V. Sellars, Photographs. ; 

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NEW. YORK. 

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NO. 6. 




ON. 



r ''^^ / .^^-y ^^~' ^ '" advance. 

>^ ^ ^/ fe Monthly. 








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THE 



ILOJNI COLLEQI MOJ^THLY. 



VOL. II. MARCH, 1893. NO. 6. 



NOT hi:. TKRMS of SrBSCRIPTION. 

Correspondents will plcnsc sciid all matter in- One «lollar per scholastic year, cash in advance, 
tended lor publication to | Kcmitlanies should be made payable to 

\^. H. AMJKIGHT. HT'SINESS MANAGERS. 

Elon Collcffc. N. C. of Elon College Monthly. ' 



A GREAT POWER AND ITS EFFECTS. 



We wish r<) speak of a jjovver wlien their minds should be free 
quite (iifferent from any that has from trifles and they should be 
<'ver been achieved by num. wisely planning for future life. they 

It has no lesetnblance to the find themselvts completely bound 
great power- of Napoleon, Alexan- up in its chains, 
der or ( -ortez. wlm wade<l through It is the idol of almost every man 
bloud and climbed the dangerous and woman's heart, 
heights in onier to nccpiire the N<j fiery furnace or den of lions 
power that they poss«'ssed. They is needed in case of disobedience 
had to conqner their enemies by for we all obey its laws willingly. 
f.Mce. but t!u' power U\nt we ;ire Kings and Queens are its most 
(•oiisidering griined control without devoted subjects. 
(■. .rce <.r jirms. All clasKes of j)eo- Do you wonder what this world- 
pi.- are affer led by it. but we have I wide power can be? 
noticed that .\onrig ladies an«l It is simply fashion. Now fash- 
vouiig iientb'iiK'M. Jiisl entering ion. so long as it keeps within the 
th(* threshold of uiaiihood and bounds of decejicv and neatness is 
womanhood are more influenced right. l)Ut foolish and extravagant 
bv it than aiiv other class. .Just fashions should certainly be 



^' 



The Elon College Monthly. 



frowned down by all good people. 
Some writer has said that he had 
as soon be out of the world as to be 
out of the fashion. l!ut this is a 
mistaken idea. Our highest am- 
bition should not he to shine out- 
wardly, to get worldly fame, and 
to outstrip our neigh be r in dress 
and surroundings, but we should 
be constantly striving to develop 
in ourselves those traits that will 
insure to us respectability and influ- 
ence. 

Fashion presents itself to us in 
manj^ forms. 

Many a noble young man has 
taken his first drink of whiskey or 
game of cards, and many a noble 
young lady her first dance in the 
ball-room because it was the fash- 
ion among those with whom they 
may have been thrown . And these 
little beginnings have often leJ to 
everlasting ruin. 

"Despise not little sins; 

The gallant ship may sink, 
Though only drop by drop 

The watery tide it drinks."' 

Woman has been styled "The 
Goddess of Fashion, and very 
justly has she been styled. She 
has about reached a point that her 
highest ambition is to wear the 
finest dress and the costliest dia- 
monds. However her ambition 
should be to do something for the 
elevation of all. She should break 
loose from the fetters of custom 
and fashion, and engage in things 
more important in order to prepare 
herself for high positions in life. 



Under the influence of fashion we 
are induced to buy many little 
unnecessary things every year. 
How much better it would be if we 
would deny ourselves of these 
ti-ifling things and give their value 
to some })oor pei'son. Suppose 
ever}^ person in America were to 
do this. What a host of poor peo- 
ple would be made happy! Both 
the giver and receiver would be 
made happy. ''It is more blessed 
to give than to receive." 

There is satisfaction in success- 
ful pursuits in other walks of life. 
There is an exhilaration about the 
triumphs of secular contests which 
gives a good measure of happiness. 

But no pursuit can approach the 
delicious sense of peace and the 
consciousness of God's approval 
which come to those who do such 
deeds of charity. Many people 
think that the only way tr> be 
beautiful is to follow the laws of 
fashion, however the poet tells us 
plainly another way in which we 
may be beautiful. 

"Straight is the line of duty, 
Curved is tlie line of beauty, 
Follow the first and thou shalt see 
The second ever following thee." 

But one of the worst effects of 
fashion is the fact that it begets 
pride, and pride soon takes the 
form of selfishness, and selfishness 
is the source of every vice. The 
man or woman of fashion seeks 
not the applause of God, but of 
man. "How can ye be saved who 
seek honor one of another and not 
from God only?" 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Another effect is the close finan- 
cial condition of our country, 
brought on by ]eople who are in 
liumble circumstances trying to 
cope with the rich. 

But ''whenever a man's purse is 
too light, liis honor should be too 
bright to be tarnished with such 
silly passion." 

Influenced by the power of fash- 
ion, children of ten involve their 
parents heavily in debt. 

Whenever the style changes we 
must all have new suits, although 
the old is almost as good as new, 
and even if we Jiardly have money 
enough to buy something to eat. 

"Tliere's i.o (Oiufort, 1 tell you, in 
walking ihf street 
In fine dotlies. if you know you're in 
debt, 

And feel tha' pen^l ance you some 
tnide.sHjan may meet 



Who will sneer — 'They're not paid for 
yet.- 

Education and the spread of the 
Gospel are both hindered by it. 
Many stay away from the college 
and also from church, because they 
fear that their clothes are not such 
as will command respect. Can it 
be true that we are blinded to the 
great ruin that the worshippers of 
fashion are bringing upon this great 
country of ours? May the day not 
be far hence when the good people 
of America will rise up against this 
evil and when "fashion" will be 
I spoken of as a thing of the past. 
When every man will live within 
his income, and when each person 
will be judged not by the quality 
of his clothes, but by the quality 
of his life. Lucy F. Jones. 



The Elon Collegk Monthly. 



THE MODEL WOMAN 



There never has been a, time i iniiid, or literary attainments, o.r 
when woman's influence was in- 1 variety and riches of outward ac- 
considerable, but to-day she is a complishments that make the 
greater power in tlie worhl than model woman 

ever before. Indeed, the nine- Women have lieen le^arded al- 
teenth century may be called worn- most by the whole woild, as not, 
an's century. having- the work to accom])Iish as 

If it cannot be called wholly hers men have. Hence the won)(Mi aie 
it ts<'ertain1y more hers than any too often idle. Men as well as 
century that has gone before. It women have failed to comprehend 
has been asserted with unusual the true ideaof womanhood. Both 
emphasis that it is her right to be have been satisfied with too little 
heard in literature in education, in in wouieji. It has been believed 
social "reform, and even in politics, alright for the minds of womt'n t(> 
But while all this is going on; we be narrow of cuhuie. and it }ias 
want to find on every hand the even been said that stu«lv is dis- 
niodel woman. gusting to girls. This is an error. 

If we should try to describe the If tliere is anything that divf-jis 
character of such a woman, no us from our duties, it is frivolitv. 
doubt, first of all we should say she We are of the opinion that thobe 
must be a pure christian. To be a girls who are the most intellectii- 
woman is something inoie than al, aie the ones who ate teinuMl 
merely to live eighteen or twenty among the most industrious cImss, 
years, something more than to wear they are the ones who do not min<l 
flounces, exhibit dry goods, sport putting tlieir hands to domestic 
jewelry; something n)oie than to work. But we can say, it is a fact, 
be a belle. All these tilings do a sad fact, that woman isnotwliat 
very little toward making a true ; the Creator designed her to be. Sht' 
woman. lis weak, thoughtless. Iic.ntless. 

A true woman exists independ- compared with what she oui^lit io 
ent of outward a\)pearance The be. 

truth is, it does not take wealth, The great deficiency of vounf 
or beauty of person, or power of women is alack of power. Thev 



The Ei.on College Monthly. 



jieed more force of power. At the 
present <lay, we are glad to say, 
women are advancing in educa- 
tion. Once it was thought educa- 
tion enougli if a woman cc^uld read 
and write a little, now they are 
coming to the front, by so doing, 
they are to live more virtuous and 
acconii»lish nK)re good in many 
Wciys. Woman has a mission. A 
work to engage in. This work 
requires that she shall possess 
energy as well as purity. She 
must not only have a good charac- 
ter, but an ability to do something 
for herself and others. It is through 
useful industry and labor that the 
rarest beauties and faces shine. 
Improve every moment. Woman 
must have emplo^nnent as employ- 
ment is the instrumentality in 
making a woman. There are 
women who live without employ- 
ment all their lives, what can they 
be under such circumstances. They 
are nothing else than burdens to 
their fellow men. 

A woman can no more be a true 
woman than a man can be a true 
man without employment and self 
reliance. Our homes have so many 
useful and necessary things to be 
done; girls must engage in them 
with zeal. We are here for a pur- 
pose, and useful employment is the 
primary means of developing a 
noble womanhood. It is a benefi- 
cial thing for girls to determine 
that for themselves they will do 
their own thinking; that they will 
form their own opinion from their 



own examinations, that they will 
persist in iiolding the highest prm- 
ciples of womanly morality and the 
virtuous attainment, which consti- 
tute true womanhood. Ifc is not 
enough at this day for girls to be 
what their mothers were, no mat- 
ter ht)vv wise and excellent that 
mother might have been for at the 
present "lay, their advantages are 
faj- su[)erior. Girlhood is the time 
to [-repare ft)r the great work of 
life. If girls would be women, 
they nmst begin before the years 
of maturity. Girls are able to fit 
themselves for higher positions, 
and why should they stand care- 
lessly l)y, and allow the men to 
advance and do everything? Why 
do girls stand back? They should 
stej) forvvard and be leaders in the 
gieat work of life. They have 
their right and it is their duty. 
Another great thing; home must 
be kej.t happy here, again we see 
the main responsibility is on 
Women. 

How could a home fail to be mis- 
erable if it be in charge of an un- 
worthy woman; On the other 
hand, we can ask the question how 
can home fail to be happy if it be 
fortunate enough to claim a loving 
moral woman, whose constant 
cheerfuhuss sheds its radieuce 
every where? Right here, we may 
iask, "What is home without a 
mother?" Of course the model 
woman, will be ambitious to a cer- 
tain extent not foolishly so. Her 
ambition will not be to wear the 



The Elon College Moxthly. 



finest clothes, to dwell in thefinest 
house, to give the most hrilliant 
eiitertaiiiments or to count the 
most admirers. The moral woman 
will not envy the good fortune of 
others, she will not try to pull her 
neighbors down. Another thing 
we might mention, just here the 
model woman will not indulge in 
gossip. A true woman will also 
make herself capable of performing 
religious work aitiong her own sex, 
and she should nnt accustom her- 
self to the U!i worthy thought 
that if a woiH-in's societN' is to be 



opened by prayers or addresses on 
some Bible theme, a mm must be 
present to perform the service. 



One has rightly said: 



iiuble 



and influential ^7v)maii is an honor 
tc the country, and a pillar of civil 
and religious liberty. 

Every such woman is a central 
sun, radiating intt'llectual and 
moral light, dirfusing strength and 
life to all about hei*." 

Woman is the hope of the wwrld. 
Let the model woman c)uje; The 
world stands ready to give lier 



^elcotni: 



M oLLlJi] BAiliiETT. 



IS POLITENESS ON A DECLINE? 



This is a quest im that sliould 
involve the minds ()f every man 
and woman, boy and girl. And 
after a careful consideration we 
arc sure they will say with one sad 
accord, politeness is undoubtedly on 
a decline, and that the elaborate 
courtesies of our forefathers have 
been overpowered by the hurry, 
restlessness, and self assurance of 
this present age. Our grandf athei's 
took time to visit their friends and ■ 
sick neighbors, and on meeting 
them in the road or street going to 



their work and returning, they 
spoke to them politely and sto[>pe 1 
to inquire concerning their healtli 
and financial conditioi:!; but in 
this transition, social caste lias 
been lost and social barriers have 
been broken down, and now on 
meeting JDeighbers, scarcely time 
is taken to give a glance towards 
him and if a glance is taken it is 
one that is not at all pleasant. We 
must all remember that every age 
produces its own manners and 
that manners like fashions are 



Elon College Monthly. 



passing- away giving room for deplorable. It is this natural push 
otlierrf hetker or woi'se ones and that lias filled the wilderness with 
we fear that the latter is fast gain- cities, and turned forests into corn- 
ing ground. One hundred years fields. And in such a progress 
ago, men had not to com{)ete with there has been no time to kee}« the 
steam and electricity; they took hat in the hand and to be courte- 
tiiiie to bow; they could afford to | ous and elegant, 
to stop their occupations to discuss i Man is thus kept stiffened by 
ilie lit-alili and domestic atiairs of over woi-k, and fine manners are 
a friend's family Now we are in held in check. Fathers and moth- 
a hurry and neoessarily must be or ers are to be blamed because they 
fall beliind the times. A man who have not taught practical courtesy 
is courteous enough now to call a : at Iiome. Children are not en- 
few hours during the week is a j couraged to honor their fathers and 
bore to a working man, and not [mothers as they should be; and 
only is tliis the case with the men, j neither the tone of society nor ite 
but the women in some degree, but I securities have been improved by 
they will take time to listen to the neglecting those domestic good 



fioatiug cumpliuients that are 
intended oiiiy for them, Words 
which mean nothiiig but politeness 
are now inexpressibly tiresome, 
and the busv world is content with 
a. few sentences of good natured 
chaff, aiid passes on without reflect- 
ing that chalf easily tails into 
familiarity. 

Another i-eason for the decline of 
politeness is found in the fact that 
wealth now ]>ushes itself every- 
where, and cultured society suffers 
by the introduction of persons 
whose wliole aim is to get money. 

Making money does not necessa- 
rily make a man vulgar, but push- 
ing does, and in this crowding and 
shoving, courtesy is lost, and self- 
islmess, (the fundamental quality 
of bad manners,) becomes tlievery 
excellence that is wanted. Yet 
even this change is not altogether 



manners which sweeten and 
strengthen life at its very root; and 
there are so many fathers who 
replace their artificial public man- 
ners with icy sarcasms, provoking 
silences, and irratible complainings 
at home. 

And ti'ue politeness depends upon 
an uiidevi ?,liig habit. Ko man is 
polite enough, whose public cour- 
tesies have not their origin around 
his own fireside. We beliere that 
good manners will of course follow 
a good education, but the latest 
idea «>f e<lucation is the passing an 
examination in some text-book. 
Little thought is given to teaching 
the childien obedience, truthful- 
ness, honest dealings, sympathy 
for suffering, and respect for hon- 
orable old age. 

Education is a moral training as 
well as a bookish acquirement; and 



8 



Ti!F. EL(i.\ College Monthly, 



in this moral training too much 
neglect is sliovva t'oi- kdcI:!! rii'es i-f 
gesture, which centuries ('f liu- 
nian experience, liave proved to 
he necessa) y. 

Mischief enough cosnes of care- 
less and impertinent langUiige; 
familiarities of nianjiers are still 
inore dangerous. This is an age of 
transitio)!. an a.^e when tlure is 
neither time nor stiengtfi foi- .meie 
foi'malities of speHcii oi* d(,»eds. 

Money rules every ^liing, and no 
one can escape ir,s yoke; and money 
scorns the quiet hahits (d" the old 
times; it ])ulls the old social ma- 
chines U) pieces, puts what was 
below above, and the ancient sur- 
face of society is made to sink a.nd 
swell at random. Most social evils 
can be repaired when women take 
part in them, but in the general 
decline of politeness women aie 
undesirably in the transgression. ! 
They permit that indescribahle ; 
phenomenon called "the tone of! 
society" to be lowered, by not only 
listening to slang but even using 
it themselves. It is bad enough to 



I hear a boy using slaiig but it is 
almost shocking to hear such 
words from the lips of college girls 
who pick up slang as a work-house 
hand d<;es the ends of cigars from 
the gutter. Speaking in loud tones 
and shrieking with laughter o.i the 
smallest provocation, in i)ublic is 
so very common to-day that our 
grandmothers shudder. 

Some young men of this age are 
so impolite as to smoke in the very 
presence of ladies, but worse still 
in the n<)rth, (We. are glad to say 
that it is not yet true in the souLh) 
the young girls smoke with as 
much grace as the young men. 
Girls this social disorder rests alto- 
gether in 3^our hands, for women 
influence for good or for evil every 
man with whom they come in con- 
tact therefore take the first grea,t 
step towards this reform by not 
listening to much less using slang, 
and in the presence of a pure and 
virtuous woman or man will always 
have enough respect to behave 
with gentleness and unselfishness 
or to leave her society. 

Alics Utley. 



Elon College Monthly. 



STUDENT LIFE AT HARVARD, 



la the last issue of the Mojithly 
the readers had given them an 
insight into the workings 
and management of America's 
greatest university ;and at the same 
time the promise of an article on 
student life here. It has fallen to 
my lot to fulfil this promise; but in 
a short article it will be impossi- 
ble to treat the subject fully, for 
Harvard is a little world in itself, 
and I wouldn't think of inflicting 
the public with all the details of 
something that will perhaps not 
interest a very large number of the 
readers of the Monthly. 

The advantages and possibilities 
of intellectual development here 
are too well known for me t< > spend 
any time on that phase of Harvard 
life. Suffice it to say that it is 
about all that could be expocti'd of 
an institution of over two ;ind a 
half centuries' standing, with, at 
present three hundred professors 
and iustrucU)r8 among the best in 
this country, three thousand young 
men (some of them not so young) 
who have come up from ail over 
the United States, as well as many 
from foreign countries, with plenty 
of money in the college treasury to 
back them, and with a large libra- 



ry filled with books on almost every 
imaginable subject. 

Here as in all colleges, the intel- 
lectual life of the individual is just 
what he makes it. North Caro- 
lina is not the only State that fur- 
nishes students who do not study. 
Many here in the under-graduate 
departments do, perhaps, less work 
than the students of our Southern 
colleges, for three especial reasons. 
In the first place, the fellows here 
can 'cut' recitations with more 
impunity than they can in the 
average college in the South, for 
they have fewer restrictions thrown 
around them, and attendance upon 
lectures is left more to the indi- 
vidual 'taste.' Again, Harvard, 
being in the heart of a great city, 
there are many daily and nightly 
attractions that 'draw' harder than 
text-books, and carry the naturally 
non-resisting student to the vari- 
ous pleasure haunts of Boston, 
rather than to his own room. And 
still another very important reason 
is the fact that the majority of the 
men here have plenty of money to 
spend on the ever-ready 'coacher,' 
or tutor,' of whom a large number 
here almost support themselves by 
sp«'n<ling a few hour* just before 



10 



Thk Ei.ox College Monthly. 



examinations in reviewin*^ tlie 
courses with those students wj'.o 
have not kept up with them (luring 
the terra. The students pa}' from 
$1.50 to $3.00 an hour for bfiiig 
'coached,' and in this way many 
of them are eiia!)led to pas.s ilieir 
examinations wlieo they come, 
sufficiently well to carry them 
through. Those who thus negl-;ct 
their work nre of course in the 
hopeless minority, i-ut nevertheless 
they are a factor here. The Tvia- 
jority of the men in the under- 
graduate classes are energetic 
workers, -and with the advantages 
they have, they come out at the 
end of the course strong factors i.i 
the intellectual !if(i of the itistitu- 
tion. The members of the gradu- 
ate departments are mainly those 
who have graduated vvith distinc- 
tion here, and those who have come 
from various colleges and nniversi- 
ties all over the lauft to prepare 
themselves for iiigher work, and 
naturally, as a rule, are here to get 
all they can for their time ;ind 
monej'. 

To speak correctly of the social 
life of the students here is not an 
easy matter, for there are so !uany 
phases of it that one man can't 
hope to see it all; therefoi-e. a part 
of what I have tt) say will necessa- 
rily be from hear-Sfiy evidence. 
What we call the social life of stu- 
dents in Southern colleges is not 
found here, owing, I suppose, to the 
large number of men. And the 
consequent impossibility of know- 



ing all, confines one's speaking 
; ac(|uaintanees to, probably, not 
more than fifty, and his intimate 
friends to not more than a dozen 
mtm. Thus we go about day by 
day mingling with a body of three 
thousand students, and never pay- 
ing any more attention to them, 
i and having no more attention paid 
! us than if they or we were not in 
existence, except when occasion- 
ally a 'stray' friend now and then 
crosses your path in the college 
'yard,' or meets you in a hard 
C(»urse that has attracted only a 
small number of students. In these 
courses that have only a few men 
' in them we may all know each 
: oilier, and speak 'with impunity;' 
j but such courses are generally con- 
' fined to the graduate schools; most 
of the under-graduate classes num- 
ivcring from seventy-five up to three 
()!• four hundred men. 

We find here a very large num- 
l)er of social clubs and literary 
clubs with social 'attachments;' 
and what goes on in all these no 
one man can ever know. Some of 
ti)em meet every two or four weeks, 
and have lectures on the various 
topics in which they are interested; 
and then adjourn to the refresh - 
nient room, where may be found 
light lunches, chocolate, coffee, 
ale and sometimes beer or wine 
cigars, cigarettes, pipes etc. After 
an hour or so spent in enjoying 
these things, together with pleas- 
ant social 'chats,' all go to their 
rooms, and perhaps few of them 



The Elox College Monthly. 



11 



ever see each otlier till the next club 
meeting. Of course very intimate 
friends occat-ionally jiay eachother 
calls; hut I imaj^ine that the uj'di- 
iiarv i»e!j>t'tual college 'bore' has 
ii. 'meager* existence liere, and his 
daily rounds are necessai'ily con- 
fined wiHijii nariow limits, so he 
can't do nuich damage. Perhaps, 
the most cdintnon amusement for 
small j.arties of fiiends is found in 
visiting the theatres of Boston, and 
spending an occasional evening 
there togetlier. These with other 
features go to make up the soci.al 
life among tlie students here. As 
to ihe proft'ssois, nt) one dares 
invadt? that 'eiichanted circle,* and 
eacdi student is j.-retty well content 
with kiiowjiig his four or five 
immediate instructois out of the 
three inuidred and occasionally 
meeling an 'odd* one at a recep- 
tion givHU by the Professor to his 
(dass. We rarely ever know the 
pi-oft-ssors from the students, and 
'jostle' against them just the same 
as one of the 'b<tys.- I suppose at 
least half of tlie students herehave 
seen the President, peihaps, once 
during the year, and the other 
luilf— well, they might know iiiin 
•iiv instinct." 

'i"he religious lift^ here is another 
matter of doubtful 'computation,' 
foi no one man, nor even a hnn- 
(ired mej), can accoutit for the 
religions expel iences of three thou- 
i^and, for some of them haven't 
anything of the kind, and it is im- 
possible to keep np with t})e others. 



The one great principle here in 
religion, as in everything else, is 
to do as you please, since you are 
old enough to take care of your- 
self. We have morning prayers, 
Sunday night preaching, Y. M. C. 
A., and various other religious 
organizations, but no Sunday 
School under the direction of the 
University. No one is compelled 
to attend any of these services, and 
the average attendance of students 
is small, generally. But at the 
Sunday night services, usually a 
fair number of students may be 
seen listening attentively, w^ithout 
the slightest sign of levity, to the 
sermonsol the great preachers who 
are brought here from most of our 
largest cities. Of course quite a 
number attend services at the vari- 
ous city churches of Cambridge 
and Boston, thus defying a just 
notion of how many attend at all. 
To say that two-thirds of the stu- 
dents spend their Sundays in study- 
ing, or in tramping and riding over 
the country, is not, I think, an 
unfair estimate. They look upon 
Sunday in a different light from 
what we are accustomed to down 
Scuth; yet, they seem to be consci- 
entious in it, many of them; and 
if you ask them why they do it, 
they say they do not consider it any 
honor, and perhaps, do as much 
good tiiat way as anj. It is not 
my purpose to discuss the right 
and wrong of this habit here, so I 
leave each one to draw his own 
conclusions. 



12 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Just a few words about the iin»i- 
als of the students in general, and 
I will cease to trouble you with my 
'theoretically short article. The 
idea has gone abroad that the Har- 
vard students are a "lough set." 
This is not true, or at least very 
little evidence of it is seen here. 
This idea has arisen from the fact 
fact that a bad thing can be heard 
further than a good thing, when it 
happens to be about a crowd of 
'school boys," especially. Tlieie is 
doubtless the usual amount of 



'rowdyism' here, but no one not 
in the swim' would ever know it. 
I have not seen a single intoxica- 
ted student, nor the least approach 
to 'roughness' since I have been 
here. There is at least one redeem- 
ing feature about it that is not the 
case in our Southern colleges — they 
don't disturb the faculty, nor the 
other students with their 'carous- 
als.' The moral appearances, at 
least, here cannot be excelled; and 
if 'things are not what they seem,' 
the writer is not responsible for it. 

E. L. MOFFITT. 



THE WOMAN OF THE FUTURE VERSUS THE WOMAN 

OF THE PAST. 



For us of the nineteenth century 
to look back upon the lives of the 
women of the eighteenth, ]erha}>s 
will cause us to utter words (f 
astonishment, for so different were 
their manners and customs fnmi 
ours. Now we of the present can- \ 
not know exactly whattlie women 
of the past were, and indeed it is 
more difficult for us to tell what 
the women of the future will be. 

Nevertheless by study of the 
records and by questioning those 
who are older than ourselves, we 
mav form a very accurate idea of 



the woman of the past, and by her 
comparing the woman of the pres- 
ent, we are permitted to judge of 
the future. In the days when our 
grandmothers were young, so dif- 
ferent from those of to-day were 
the thoughts and occupations of the 
girls. In those days the hum of 
the spinning wheel and and the 
beat of the loom could be heard 
from the early dawn to the setting 
sun, and in the houses of the rich 
as well as poor, in order to provide 
clothes for themselves. As you 
all know there is nothing of the 



The Elon College Monthly. 



13 



kind ^•■ing: <>n u<»w, an<l we will 
venture to sny that one hundred 
years from to day suoh a thing 
as ninkinu: their own clothes will 
he unknown to most of the girls as 
is the CHse with a givat many of 
to-day. We infer from what we 
have heard ])eoiile older than (>ur- 
selves say that in olden times the 
women were very plain, caring 
little for fashion, indeed I fear it 
cannot he said ('f the coming gen- 
eration for what is agitating the 
minds of women more than fashion, 
and can we not readil}' see it is 
growing moie each day? 

The woman of the past was true 
to her h»/me for in rocking the cra- 
dle she ruled the world. The future 
w iman is leaving hei" h»)me and 
going out into politics, [deading at 
the har, and lecturing throughout 
the woi"ld, wealing hloomer suits, 
men's hats, collars, ties, etc. If 
the theory of evolution he true, 
time can only reveal what woman 
will hecome hefore many decades 
shall have passed away. But it is 
to he hoj)ed that in the future as 
in the past she will sway the world 
not in executive chairs or halls of 
legislation, hut hy her charms, her 
purity, her taste, her strong moral 
and religious tendencies and the 
essential feminine (qualities of her 
intellect in homes, in schools and 
in society. 

In the good old times such a 
thing as a nervous peevish invalid 
was unheard of. The girls were 



all hlooming lasses with faces 
wearing the natural tint of health, 
and with step so buoyant and laugh 
so gay won their way into the 
hearts of all their acquaintances 
without even studying any of the 
many graces and accomplishments 
girls assume now-a-days such a 
thing as fashionable deceit was 
foreign to their natures. 

Contrast if you please, the girl 
of to-day with the frank, healthy- 
damsel. You find them sitting in 
luxuriant idleness, one of the latest 
dime novels in hand and with a 
wretched headache, bandages in 
camphor and hartshorn, while 
every breath brings a groan. 
Afraid to go much in the open air 
for fear it will spoil that lily-white 
complexion. Appetite delicate, too 
much wholesome food might pro- 
duce flesh and a thin etherial 
beauty is preferred now-a-days. 

At what a cost is life worth 
living? 

Mt»re dead than alive; a healthy 
romp would appear unladylike and 
as for a gay natural laugh that 
would be thought too awful for 
anything. Suppress it by all 
means my dear. A true ladj 
smiles often, laughs never. What 
is not accomplished in the home is 
brought out in fashionable board- 
ing schools, here they are taught 
all the little society arts under the 
name of accomplishments. 

Every natural instinct is sup- 
pressed till they are turned out 



14 



The Elon College Monthly. 



natural machines wound up t<> 
smile, bow and do the right thin.i^ 
at the proper time. 

Wouldn't our dea)- old grand- 
mothers turn over and gioan in 
their graves if they knew what the 
world was coming to. 

If they keep on in the present 
.century like they did in the past, 
it will be necessary for science to 
make rapid strides, for at the close 
of the twentieth century women 
will l)ea mere fashionable d(»]l. and 
will have to be rocked in the la}) of 



luxury and ease, while household 
duties will be done by machinery 
or .iOt at all. Then will you tell 
me that women are progressing 
with the rest, of the world? She is 
if you call laziness and deceit pro- 
gjess. We have been painting the 
future dark but thank goodness 
not all girls have lost the good old 
fashioned way, there stiil remain a 
few, very few. And strange as it 
might appear most of them can be 
I found not far from Slon College. 
' Oka Aldkidge. 



SUN SPOTS. 



If we examine the sun early in 
the morning or late in tlie after- 
noon with the naked eye, and in 
the middle of the day by using a 
smoked glass, the disk will appear 
distinct and circular and with no 
spot to dim its brightnes. But if 
we use a telescope taking ])recjiu- 
tion to shield the eye with a col- 
lored eye-piece, we shall find the 
surface of the sun sprinkled with 
irregular spots. Sometimes the 
sun's disk is clear, but very seldom. 
It is not a rare thing to find a spot 
with a surface larger than that of 
the earth. A spot on the sun 
progresses with a gradually 



increasing rapidity, until it reaches 
the center, it then slowly loses its 
rapidity, and finally disajipears. 
At times the spots seem "to set 
sail and move across the disk of 
the sun like gondolas over a silver 
sea." We now wish to discuss 
briefly the most important spots 
that are dimming the brightness of 
the sun. One of the most impor- 
tant is Immigration. A little over 
a century ago, there were not more 
than seventeen million people in 
the whole country. The wealth of 
forests, toil, and mine had not 
been touched. Nothing was so 
needed as strong men, and brave 



Elox College Monthly. i 5 



women. In welcoming immigra- ening society. It has released men 

tion in those days we were enter- from slavery,it has raised woman to 

taining an angel unaware. Of a higher position, it has overthrown 

late years a great change has taken despotisms, and written constitu- 

place in the character of those who tiop.s, it has swept away privileges 

come to our country. In the place and abolished caste. Equality is 

of more daring and adventur- one of the dreams of socialism. It 

ous, the trip has now been mnde declares against all class distinc- 

so easy, that the weakest, most tions. The development of classes, 

unfortunate and the most wicked therefore in a republic, or the 

are the readiest to come. Of the widening of the gap between them, 

entire immigration of the last tends to excite socialistic agitation 

decade, over fifty per cent, has and growth. In mills and fa.cto- 

l)een derived from those parts (f lies children are put to feeding 

Europe where wages are lowest, machines, and the narrow round of 

and the condition of the ])eople v«oik prevents a natural develop- 

mostdegraded. Consequently ov<-r ment of the mind. Girls brought 

half the number of our couvitts up in factories on account of the 

and criminals and three-fifths of ii)utine of work know but very 

theinmatesof jails and jioor-houses little of domestic duties. Thechil- 

are foreigners. Moi-eovei* imnii- dien of another generation are 

gratioii is demoralizing. If our forced into the factory. Again 

noble domain were ten-fold larger socialism fattens on discontent, 

than it is, it wcmld still be to- },Iany of our working men are 

small to embrace with safety to l>egi ming to feel that under the 

our national future little Germanics existing industrial system they are 

here, Scandinavias there, and Ire- condemned to hopeless poverty, 

land's yonder. Another great spot We have glanced at a few causes 

that is greatly agitating the mind.- whi(h aie ministering to the 

of the people, is Socialism. growth of socialism among us 

Socialism attempts to solve the Intcmperanceis probably thegreat- 

probltm of suffering withcutelimi- est spot, that obscures the sun. 

nating the factor of ^\x^. Social- 'i'lie evils that result from the 

ism thinks to regenerate society drinking of intoxicating liquors 

without regeueratingthe individual cannot be overestimated. Rum 

When Chiist said; what shall it builds and fills our prisons and 

profit a man if he gain the whole alms houses; rum greatly increases 

world and lose his own soul? thus the burden of our taxation. At 

teaching the ])riceless worth of least six hundred jieople are sup- 

every soul, he introduced a new ported by the state in the insane 

idea into the woild, whit h is leav- asylum, and a large portion oi their 



16 



The Elon Coli,p:ge Monthly. 



insanity in many cases can he 
traced to intemperence. liitoxka- 
ting liquors enter more or less into 
nearly all cases of poverty, wick- 
edness and insanity. These wit- 
nesses being true, the testimony 
which they utter deserves our care 
ful attention. The first thing to 
do is to reform the drinking cus- 
toms of society. The sale of liqui)r 
cannot be stopped until we induce 
the people to believe that liquor is 
injurious to them. It has truly 
been said that there is no greater 
cause of evil, moral and physical 
in this country, than the use of 
alcholic beverages. Alchol is not 
food, and that, being simply a 
stimulant of the nervous system, 
its use is hurtful to the body of a 
healthy man. To every variety of 
crime, strong drink is the instiga- 
tor. Hovs^ many homes are made 
desolate by the use of alcohol? If 



inteiaperance should be forbidden 
ill this fair land of ours, we vvould 
not see so many poor foi'iorii women 
and children on the istreets begging 
for bread. Theie would not be so 
many murders. Men who, when 
sober ai"e not disposed to hai in anv 
one are aroused by strong drink to 
a homicidal fuiy. The first per- 
S(^n that crosses their path may be 
a victim to their rage, but more 
frequent it is the poor, helpless 
wife. Lips that are clean in sober- 
ness are defiled when the intoxi- 
cating bowl touches thenj. The 
angel of purity flies from the plare 
where drunken mirth reigns; and 
not only vile thoughts and vile 
words but viler deeds, are the ofi'- 
spring of this demon. If strong 
drink were conquered and banish- 
ed fronj this country the rest of 
the wrongs of mankind could be 
easily righted. 

Jeknie Hkrndon. 



Elon College Monthly. 



17 



ONE OF THE UNDECIDED PROBLEMS OF THE NINE- 
TEENTH CENTURY. 



If tliere is any one thinj^: that is 
agitating the minds of the j)eop]e 
more than another; it must be ]the 
v^pening of the gates of the World's 
Fair on Sunday. This is a ques- 
ti(»n like all others; it has two sides. 
And in c>rder to give it justice we 
must first look at both sides of the 
question. Great and good men 
;ire disputing on this great piob- 
icn). It seems that the divine law 
w.add be biokeii should t he gates 
be o|>ened on the Sabbath. The 
Jews were the most faithful to 
keej) the Sabbath and to kerp the 
Divine law to the letter. 

They were taught to "Remember 
the Sabbath day to keep it Indy," 
in in.iiation of God's t)v»ii art in 
lesliiig from his works on the sev- 
enth day. 'i'hey kept their Sab- 
iiaih in Ihe most sacred maniiei; 
ihey tri« d to iuiitate the exampie 
and keep the sacred word as ^[Jok■ 
en at Sinai. Inasmuch as ihey 
wore not allowed to gather nnuna 
on the Sabbath day. 

'J'hougii they weni wandering in 
the wilderness for forty years; (Joel 
did not sutler the manna to fall on 
tlx' Sabbath day, that the people 
might be lfmpt( «l to gather and 



prepare it on the Sabbath. 

If more was gathered on either 
of the five mornings of the week 
than they could consume that day, 
by the next it was not fit for use, 
but on the sixth they were allowed 
to gather a double portion. This 
set forth the idea that it was not 
good to do work on the Sabbath 
day. It must be kept as the day 
of rest. 

The punishments are severe in 
all iiistances where they disre- 
garded the Sabbath. If by the se- 
veiiiy of the punishment, God 
could emphasize his will in regard 
to Sabbath sanctity and thus lead 
the people to observe the the day 
then his ambition was answered. 

Jesus and the apostles observed 
the Sabbath day. They did not 
denounce Moses and the law, but 
on the other hand they regarded 
the law on the Sabbath. 

While Jesus was given to wor- 
ship and to works of luve, mercy 
and charity, but reviewing the life 
of Jesus, the only perfect man, we 
cannot see anything in his life that 
would tend to make us believe that 
we would ill any way be justified 
in reveling aud exhibiting at the 



18 



The Elon College Monthly. 



World's fair on the Sabbath. We 
are moved when we think of the 
^reat petitions that have gone up 
against opened gates. The large 
number of churches in Chicago and 
in all of America, raising their 
plea for close! ^ itesi; realizing as 
they do, the great influence for good 
that will be lost if the gates be open 
on Sunday. They feel that God 
will be greatly dishonored by open- 
ing the gates on Sunday and that 
the churches of Chicago will hardly 
recover from su<'h a damage done 
by thus using God's day in such 
a dishonoring way. Think for a 
moment that the Y. M. and Y. W. 
C. A's. with the other christian or- 
ganizations are crying in stentor- 
ian voice for closed gates, but 
though they be loud and intelli- 
gent voices, though they seem to 
harmonize with the divine law; on 
the other hand, with a few except- 
ions, the cry for open gate comes 
from the bad class or wicked men. 
We would not say that the wicked 
are always wrong in their demands 
but when the saloons of Chicago | 
with one voice demand open gates, I 
and when all of the liquor dealers I 
rejoice at open gates, we must ask I 
from whence do these demands ! 
come? 

Looking at the question from a 
Christian stand-point, it would be 
right to close the gates on Sunday, 
but could we well close the gates 
in the tace of the World? If this 
was only an exposition of our own 
as a "National Fair,' we would 
have a better right for closing the 
gates on Sunday, but when we 



invite the World, we must share 
our common politeness by consult- 
ing the world in regard to the 
opening or closing the gates. 

"If it could be shown that it 
involved, not a question of cere- 
mony, but of morals, theji the gates 
should be kept closed though the 
heavens fall." When we think of 
the number of people that will be 
I in Chicago, we at once ask our- 
i selves the question; how will they 
(Spend the Sabbath. If the 
I gates be closed en Sunday, many 
\ will spend the Sabbath in the 
i saloon though they will have to 
, slip through the back ways to get 
: there, when if there was something 
for them to be doing, they would 
not be caught in such a [Aatia. 
I Then looking at this qnestion we 
I see two evils. Choose ye the 
I smallest of the two. Some may 
'. object to choosing either, but one 
vvill be chosen, as the gates will 
I either be closed or opened. It has 
been said, that "an idle brain is the 
devil's work-shop." If this be true 
we believe it would be better to 
open the gates and thus keep the 
minds of the people employed, 
rather than to allow them to be 
idle. There are many good and 
honest men who caift bear to be 
tempted; so if the gates be open, 
there will be something f(,r theni 
to do. We are ready to say, that 
we think it best to choose the 
smaller evil and open wide the 
gates, but we are opposed to the 
exhibit or the sale of goods on the 
Sabbath day, we think'that Avouid 
be radically wrong. 

H. V. fc'iui^soN. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



1^ 



EDITORIAL. 



Some Effect of Education. 

There is no other power in the intel- 
lectual or religious world that has cre- 
ated such wonderful and efficient revolu- 
tions as that of educaticMi. In every 
phase of lite, from the- most humhle 
walks to the most elevated and refined 
' circles of society, it has brought about 
most wonderful and elevating influences, 
both ill the material and religious world. 

About four liutidr(?d years ago our 
land was oidy an extensive foiest, where 
the foot of civilized man hud scarcely 
trod. There weii- no cities to <\ot the 
landscape .-ind to rendei- beautilul and 
attractive our broad and extendi vc^ eon n- 
ti-y, but to-day it is eviijent th:it the 
United States is iht most jai.gre.ssive 
nation ou the globe. 

Almo.'^t every sphere of life is advanc- 
ing from a lower to a higher place in 
society. The uneflucated class is seek- 
ing loi' a plane above the one upon 
which they stand; a plane upon which 
they will be enabled to enjoy more of 
the real beauties and ]>leasu)es of lil'e. 

The educational foi'(;es aie eiiterroga- 
ting the [le.'-ent means of training the 
young minds, ar.d seeking nuire efficient 
means for broadening and cxjianding 
ihat God-given jiart of man, which places 
him abiup the brute creation, ami brings 
him in closei' touch with Iiis maker. The 
f"'lv difference, between human beings 



I and other animals, is that they bare 

powers capable of being developed, and 

I it is only as they apply themselves, that 

' they will become more elevated above 

the inferior animals. 

The capitalist is continually seekiag 
more efficient means of enlarging hia 
caj'ital; and it is only as he becomes bet- 
1 tei- educated upon his line of work, that 
he is enabled to attain the most efficient 
plans. So upon any line of work, in 
order to give the greatest good and to 
be of the greatest blessings possible to 
the world, a person must become well 
informed upon that line in Order to at- 
taiti the greatest success. 

The ri-ason that the world has lost 
I many of the superstitious ideas, which 
i were entertaitied by the ancient nations, 
; is because education combined with 
i Christianity has supplanted them and 
I set in motion ideas of a higher type, 
I which have a tendency to elevate the 
j human race rather than to sink it into 
: su))erstition and tlarkness. 

As a nation indidges more and more 
in I'tlucational facilities or establishes 
I belter and better systems of instructing 
the young, to that extent will the peo- 
ple emerge from the jaws of darkiiess and 
ignorance to the }dane of enlightenment 
!Mjdr(*fiii^fn'eut. 

What in trut of a nation, as a whole 
is also true of the individuals who com- 



2jO 



The Elon Collegk Monthly. 



pose the same. If any person would ' endowed him with the power to under- 
write his name high npon the wall of | stand the divine revelation of God, 
fame, he must attain some rneans of | which is essential for every uiie to com- 
developing his reasoning powers, so that \ prehend and practice, if he would be 
he may be able to think intelligently i sure of lise everlasting. There is no 
and to act properly upon the subjects^'oTToFEer power that aids Christsanity so 
life. However, the prime object of edu- I much as education. The two powers 
cation 16 to broaden and -expand the j seem to woik han<l in hand, and where- 
mind; to prepare a person to look at all ever the one enters, and takes root, the 



sides of life and to expel that narrow- 
ness, which is a true characteristic, of the 
undeveloped minds. 



other will surely follow. If into the 
jungles of Africa the seeds of education 
aie planted, Christianity, in the course 



Who are the men that hare written ! of lime, will surely follow, and diffuse 
their names high upon the wall ot fame ! among the inhabitants that spirit of 
during the past decades? Ir is evident ! brotherly love and kindness which ever 
that many of them arose liom the most ! accompanies the gospel, 
obscure circumstances. I'lesiiient Gar- ; The progress of mistiioiis in our own 
field ascended from a log cabin to the land in foreign lands, depends to a large 
highest oflice within th'i the gift uf the ! extent upon the advancement of educa- 
American i)eaple, and to-day his nam^ • tion. It has already been h gieat iaetor 
is recorded on the pages of history among I in s[ireading the glorious light of the 
the presidents of the Uniterl States, j go.sr>el among t lie heathen nations, an.l 
Many of the literary characters, of the | may we sti ive for the day when ediica- 
world, have arizen from just an imfavor- 'tion shall enter e\ery hind and clime, 
able surroundings as Pres. Garfield, and | iuid there implant the high<>st ideals of 
have done a noble work hir the world \ civilization. 



They have built monuments ior them- 
selves that will never perish, but will 
ever be a source of inf irmation to the 
revolving ages. 

Education has revealed ,uany of the 
dark problems of life, and given them 
to the world, to aid civilization onward 
and upwaril. It has enabled the astron- 
omer to solve more accurately the true 
relation ot the earth to the sun and of 
the sun to the stars, and the many other 
heavenly bodies which revolve in their 
respective orbits. It has also •nabled 
the philanthropist to see more forcibly 
the needs of the human familv, and has 



J. W. II.iRRELf.. 



The World's Columbian JE^ipo- 
sition. 

This century has brought forth inanv 
great events which will be recorded on 
the pages of history, but none will en- 
lighten oitr century as the World's 
Columbian Exposition which will be 
opened at Chicago tliis coming May to 
celebrate the 400th anniversary of Amer- 
ica's discovery. 

We should feel proud that such a 
great event shoitld happen while we as 



The Elon CoLLE(iK Monthly. 



21 



a class of people hold sway over our 
country and which will stand as a mon- 
ument to our country and which will 
never be erased by the hand of time. 

The buildings will be ihe finest that 
ever have been erected by the hands of 
man for this purpose, and they will be 
50 per cent, larger tnan those of the 
great Parish Exposition of 1889. 

The industrial palaces of our exposi- 
tion will be larger than any that have 
preceeded them and will in this respect 
surpass the imperial villas and bath of 
ancient Romans. 

The main building with its 103 acres 
under its roof and cut up by beautiful 
streamlets of water and decorated by 
the hands of tasty ladies will be grand 
to look upon. 

The ground under the arrangements 
of Mr. Olmstead the best known archi- 
tect and one who can make artificial 
ground almost resemble nature itself, 
are severed into beautitul canals and 
spotted with lagoons which are span- 
ned with beautiful bridges and bordered 
by stately buildings, present a magnifi- 
cent spectacle. The art building the 
finest that ever has been constructed for 
this purpose will cost one half million. 
Within its walls wonderful lessons will be 
taught by the colection to which all the 
woild will contribute. Every art pro- 
fessor and student if they attend should 
not fail to see the art department which 
will be the finest that ever has been 
collected since the dawn of history, in 
this building will be the finest paintings 
of America and of the Mother Country, 
and also the finest array of architectural 
casts and sculptured works that the 



modern world has ever collected. The 
Hags of the principal nations on the 
globe may be see flying in the heavens 
ovej their respective buildings, and 
wherein wonders may be seen "That will 
ha nor up thy soul freezing thy blood; 
make thy two eyes sparkle like stars in 
theii' spheres: thy knotted and combined 
i locks to part, and each particular hair 
1 ti) stand on its end like quills upon the 
fietful porcupine." You can see tne 
bestw(>rks of every nation and our dear 
country represented in a gra nd scale on 
I nine hundred acres. No place of 974 
' with the cost of 26 million of dollars has 
been so impressive, so magnificent and so 
I imperial in its beauty, Congress could 
! not have selected a better city than 
Chicago for in no other city have the de 
signers of an exhibition, at command the 
shore.s and waters of a ventable ocean 
and from the admirable use made of the 
I shores and waters come a large part of 
I the beauty as well as the originality. 
You will see one of the most nobly 
beautiful and interesting of the existing 
creations of the hands of man, you will 
gain much valuable knowledge, and 
many beautiful impression which there 
has never been an opprtunity of gaining 
and probably never will be again as 
long as we live. You can use it as a 
text book for six months, and as much 
information will be gained as several 
years ot study at any university, or 
many years of traveling in foreign coun- 
tries. 

It makes no difference how much you 
have heard, how much you have read 
or how much you have been told you 
will just as certain be charmed no mat- 



22 



The Elon ('oliege ]\IoxTfTi.Y 



ter how ^^ootl or captions yonr taste luay from everyone who f,^.'ls an interest 
be, yoi^ "^"'ill ^'^'claim as in time of old in the welfare of Ihis re|.nl.lir, hL^ca-ase 
"half has .not been told me." If any , involved within the .lecisior, is Indoxd 
American despairs or even doubts oni' ^ lo a great decvr,..^ tli.^ prot-,'tio)i or <lese- 
republic- l)eing fertile fbr intellectual ; ''ratian of the l,..lv day. Cin'istian men 
and si.iritual progress h^t him go r,nd | in all ag^s have en-leave-ivd to „b;^erve 
come hack with a new hpart in his bosom ' this institution and tlu' nvu, of to-day 
and above all let the children be t.wkeii ! who may be ad voeating the cause of Sun- 



that young generation on wfiicli tii 
future of our country rests. Tlie jour- 
ney to the World's Fair will be fruitful 
in the influence which go to make up 
CTOod citizens- true patiiots, wise and 
public spirited AmericaTis. 

No intelligent American or none who 
wishes to be intelligent shouhl fail to 
visit the fair this summer 



the i day opening can not but liear the solemn 
reverberating tone, as it comes from an 
AH wise L-i'vgi ver,''Tiiou shall reniernbei- 
the Sabbath day to kee[i it holy.,' No 
one for a moment couhl denounce ihe ac- 
tion of those men who hava taken ujion 
themselves to give to the woild some- 
thing of the progress of the hum-in race. 
Surely it wid ]">ro7e a, source of knowl- 



And so may the Exposition realize its! edge to any one who may chance to ply 



noblest result, to help men to know, to 

think, to compare, to remember and to 

aspire. 

Wlien lb It sweet day. 
The lirst iiioniiiit-- in ^fay, 

shall shed her beams of light around us, 
and the Chicago Exposition like bmls of 



into the handiwork of man in his artis- 
tic industrial and merdianical achieve- 
ments, and ther-eby leurn, it may lie 
easdy, in thestu^ly of such atdieivements 
with one of (dd, that "there is a spirit in 
ma!) ami the inspiiation of the Almightv 
givcth him un<lerstandiii^. But to 



a rose, bursting in its fragrance and its | niake no observance of Su.ndav i" such 
magnificent grandeur, let us all both | exhibition, would be rebelling against 
great and small take our "musical flight" i the venerable teachings of the Bible, and 



over hilltop and dale, towards the center 
of attraction. 

A. R. Lawrence. 



Sunday Opening of the World's 

Perhaps no cjuestion of the day is so 
universally agitated as the one relative 
to the ojiening of the World's Exposi- 
tion Grounds on Sunday. And it seems 
to me that it .should not only concern 
but it should call forth an earnest effort 



disregarding the sacrifices of our ances- 
tors through whom the word has been 
transported. Who does not admire the 
zeal of those who to rescue from profane 
and unworthy purposes a day conse- 
crated to tlie commemoration of 
the sublime fact of tlie christian faith, 
bound upon themselves a yoke in the 
observance of which was neither light 
nor easy? Is it not surprisingly strange 
that in the zenith of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, when the Bible is lodged in every 
home and christian news papers floatino- 



Elon College Monthly 



23 



as it wore on every breeze that passes, 
we slioulil find among the various arti- 
cles written upon this subject of Sunday 
opening such a large per cent, of the 
writers taking the aflirmative side. And 
should they be successful in gaining the 
question, lets' notice the inHuenco it 
would necessarily have upon this country 
and especially those newer States and 
Territories which are made up mostly of 
emigrants, who either from personal pre- 
ference or foreign custom, have chosen 
to disregard the traditions under which 
tliev >\'ere mature J. Even now it is no 
^ uncommon thing for them to have their 
Tlieaties open on Sunday, and often 
those of the most degi-ading sort, so 
demoralizing are the plays that no decent 
man or woman should ever behold, much 
less upon a dav that ijas been set apart 
for holv pui'jioses. In ad(lition the Sun- 
day secular nospaper is especially flaunt- 
ing and obstrnsive in our New Western 
cities, bui sting into the Religions lest 
and quiet, with its sensationsil worblli- 
ness and nefarious inHucntn', educating 
the youngei' generation into the idea 
that Goil has no claim u}>on anybody's 
ti.iio and that a Sunday given to .secu- 
larities is as well spent, as in meeting at 
some yilace of worship and paying adora 
tion to Him Who doeth all things well. 
And it goes without saying that all the 
Tire.ssure of this Sundav secular pre.^s is 
toward the opening an<l from the closing 
of the gates of the World's Fair on Sun- 
dav. Now it is a well known fact that 
the World's Fair is a public and 
not a private enterprise. Behind 
it, and sanctioning it stands the Govern- 
ment of this great Republic. To open 



the gates of the World's Exposition oD: 
Sunday would be to range the Go.Yeru- 
ment of these United States against the 
teachings of. the founders of our Nation. 
The Government can not remain neutral 
in this matter. It must declare itself on 
the side of the American Sunday, or it 
tuust go })ack on that high and splendidly 
moral plain and declare itself, against it. 
But to do this woidd seem to be a moral 
disaster of the vastest sort. Especially 
in the newer communities it would have 
an influence towards obliterating the 
Sunday observance altogether. Every 
sacreligious Theatre would feel itself 
aided in its defiance of Sunday law; 
every liquor saloon thinks the hinges of 
its bad doors the better oiled for a Sun- 
day opening; eveiy element now work- 
ing so assiduously against the weekly 
rest from toil would feel itself girded 
with gri'ater }K)wer. Will it not be a 
black day for this republic when she 
throws her sanction over such things? 
Rut on the other hand let the Columbian 
Kx]iosition prove by the hush of all it« 
varied traffic and machinery; no wheel 
turning; no engine moving, no counter 
open to buyer or seller; no sign nor sound 
of business throughout all its long ave- 
nues; and better still that the gates 
remain closed until the sacred hours have 
past that the people of America believe 
in a Sunday observance. 

And it is with some degree of satisfac- 
tion that the Christian men of this 
nation, who have united their influence 
in the protection of this holy day, learn 
that a part of this at least is to be true; 
that either through the influence of the 
$2,500,000 given on the part of the 



24 



The Elon College Monthly. 



nation or in the changed convictions of 
the rulers of our Government, the gates 
the World's Fair are to be closed one 
day in seven and the American Sun- 
day is to be resx»ected. 

W. D. Harward. 

l^noui Thyself. 

The workiags of the human luind liave, 
from the earliest ages, been owe of the 
deepest mysteries of creation. No man 
can tell, even for an instant, the thought 
of another man's mind. The learned of 
all ages have made the nieiital powers a 
subject of profouml study and re.search, 
yet aie baffleil at every t\n-n by some 
new revelation of the workings of human 
intellect and the eccentiicities of human 
talent. 

The mof't reliable and accui'ate con- 
clusion to be reached, regarding mental 
powers, is a i-igid and fre.pient self-ex- 
amination, weighing our moiives for 
action, our powers of mcnt.d endurance, 
our control over conscieni-e, and our 
capacity to choose good and resi'^t evil. 

"The propel- study nf mankind is 
man;" iti no way can we so justly judge 
of other men, as in studying well our 
own hearts and mitids. 

Great and good nu'ii in nil age- havt 
given much liine to self-examination, 
an<l we have Divine authority for such 
habite. 

The habit of truly, nntlinehinglv 
examining the heart is not easily acquired. 
It is not easy to take tlie outward act 
the world ajiyilauds, into the secret 
chamber of our ownhearts, and 
lay bare the ^elrish or worMly 
motives that prompted it. It is 



not easy to tear the mantle from the 
life of outward morality, and probe the 
hidden sin the world suspects not. 

He who finds delight in true self- 
examination, who courts the voice of 
conscience, who brings to bear upon 
everv action of his life the hours of sol- 
emn, prayerful thought precedi'>g it, is a 
good man. He may err in judgment; 
he may make grave errors in worldly 
wisdom; he may never attain great honor 
or great power; he may die poor, obscure 
and unknown; but when he comes before 
the great Tribunal that awaits us all, 
where motive, not action, is judged, he 
will meet his reward. 

It would be well for the young if they 
could acquire a constant habit of self- 
examination, if they gave one hour each 
moridng to the task, before entering 
upon the daily duties of life, or spent 
one hour at night in reviewing the events 
of the day, and rigidly scanning the 
motive of every action, kneeling, at the 
close of such scrutiny, to ask pardon for 
what is wrong, help and support in what 
is right, and the humility of a Christian 
life to continue in the self-appointed 
task. No one can aid in the duty, no 
parent or guardian can enforce it. To 
no second hand may a man come in the 
revelations of his own heart, his powers 
of self examination. H. 



A Voiee fpom Homestead. 

I The spirit of Homestead is abroad in 
our land. From all quarters comes the 
i spirit of unrest and working men are 
; departing from their former habit of 
j being "law-abiding citizens" by seeding 
to maintain their rights bv illegal pro- 



Elon College Monthly. 



25 



proceedings. As in the Homestead case, 
the early appearances ol the stiikeshave 
been marked by act« of lawlessness, and 
much property of the Company has been 
licentiously and wickedly destroyed. 
Lawlessness on the part of strikers is 
always unwarraiited and always to be 
condemned. The strikes at Homestead 
was a ve)y notorious one because of the 
armed conflict which it precipitated. 
This ser>m.s to have been, in part at least, 
a consequence of the determination of 
the Carnegie Company to break the 
^ power of tlni union known as the Amal- 
gamated Iron and Steel Association. 

Whatever may be said in i^egnrd to 
the Homestead ti-duble and its results 
the one matter of serious moment and 
the one great wrong, was the organiza- 
tion of a jirivate military for'ce by the 
Carnegie Company and the attempt to 
Kuppre.«s this armed force into its forti- 
fied works and to struggle with the <lis- 
affected workmen, instead of calling for 
such protection as was needed upon the 
constituted authorities of the state. All 
other tilings connected with this affair 
are uiiimportant compared with the 
spectacle in this republic of a great cor- 
poration, in its disputes with its own 
workmen, undertaking without counsel 
to organize a military force of its own 
to do the work both of the local police 
and of the State militia. 

The function ot the Homestead strike 
in the loss it has brought upon them- 
selves and employers is that of steps 
toward a more lational decision when 
interests clash. In actual results strikes 
are positively barren and the injury is 
not merelv limited to laborers but it 



affects the capitalist also to a greater 
extent in a different way. Besides loss 
of life and anxiety and stoppage of pri- 
vate business for weeks, there was a 
direct tax imposed upon the state of 
Pennsylvania, between five and six 
millions to pay for the property destroyed 
by the strikers. The loss to the com- 
mon-wealth by the idleness of those 
through whose efforts the common- 
wealth is earned will probably amount 
to millions more. Every man in Penn- 
sylvania will have to bear his propor- 
tion of the tax. Every citizen will suf- 
fer something in his business of those 
who would otherwise be working. If 
life is to be held sacred and property 
secure, men prosperous and society at 
peace, all that class of legislation which 
turns streams of wealth away from 
its producers into the treasuries of the 
privileged must be repealed. 

The Homestead lesson is but an index 
finger, and the handwriting on the wall 
is a silent warning not to be mistaken 
either by capital or labor. 

Anarchy will not be possible or Win- 
chesters in demand when justice and 
common sense reign supreme. 

M, Annie G»aham. 



Use and Beauty as Conneeted 
cuith the Earth. 

When we reflect upon the works of 
nature and art, we are struck with the 
skill and genius shown in the combina- 
tions of use and beauty. We see in the 
earth the effects of surpassing power 
displayed in combinating these 
two qualities. The earth is made 
up of use and beauty. Upon its surface 



26 



The Elon College Monthly. 



we 6nd the trees, the flowers, and the 
waters. Beneath its surface we find the 
minerals and the precious gems. 

We will now notice the use and the 
beauty in each of these element.s. 

First in order is the trees; the uses of 
which are many and varied. They are 
used for fuel, cut and sawed into lumber 
for the many forms of architecture, for 
shades, and to protect us from the tem- 
pest. 

To say that trees are beautiful is to 
say the least of them and we. deem it 
wholly unnecessary to aiake any attempt 
to prove a fact so generally acknowl- 
edged. 

Some trees, because of their association 
with noble deeds, have interesting his- 
tories connected with them; for instance, 
the Charter Oiik, or the tree under which 
Ben Hur was written. The autlior tells 
us that he wrote a good part of this book 
while sitting uuiler the shade of a cer- 
tain tiee. Its limbs bending to the 
ground and thereby making for him a 
cosy retreat. Do you not think that 
this tree played a faithful part in con- 
cealing him from the outer world and 
thereby aiding him in concentrating his 
thoughts upon his subject? And then, 
to draw on our imaginations a little, may 
we not suppose that its beauty was a 
source of inspiration to him? Its grace- 
ful limbs making friendly salutations to 
him, and its leav^js all quivering with 
delight at having such a noble person as 
their guest, empirical laws connected 
with its growth suggesting to him the 
excelling genius of the Father and the 
Babe of Bethlehem. 
■ Now to the flowers. Are they useful? 



Yes, very much .«o, whatever is condu- 
cive to the liappiness of mankind is use- 
ful. Do not mistake us to mean pleas- 
ure when we say happiness, for sinful 
things can give temporary pleasure, but 
they cannot bring happiness. We can- 
not enumerate the many ways in which 
flowers are conr'ueive to happiness; only 
a few instances will be sufficient. Tliey 
cheer the sick and the sad hearted, their 
sweet perfume acting as a healing balm, 
and the beauty of form and color inspir- 
ing hope in thefaint-Hearted. They are 
useful in decorating thecoflius and graves 
of the dead, furnishing sweet consolation 
to those who are deprived of loved ones, 
impressing upon lliem the tact that those 
who have gone before will live lives as 
pure, as innocent and as sv/eet as the 
flowers tliemselves. Flowers reveal to 
us that God-given nature which ihey 
possess in shedding their fragrance alike 
ou the high and tlie low, the living and 
the dead. 

"O, I will siuo' of flowers — a rlieme 

For loftiest pen to dwell; 
How faiat laust weaker efforts seem 

Their charms divine to tell!" 

Next we will turn to the waters, the 
uses of which are as divers as they are 
practical. Water is not merely u.sed to 
moisten our lips on a wai-m day, to lay 
the dust in our roads and streets, it has 
greater uses than these. It climbs as 
sap through the capillary tubes of the 
plants and furnishes materials of growth 
to the leaves, it flows through our 
bodies as blood, carrying to every part 
of die system the life-sustaining oxygen; 
it comes from the clouds as rain as a 
stimulus of growth to all vegetation. It 
propels thousands of the wheels of 



The ElOxV College Moniuly. 



27 



machinery and lias been calleil the 
"grand motive power of the arts and 
manufactures." As examples of its 
beauty we see the fountains sending 
forth their clear cold streams pure and 
■sparklirig like the iliamonds, the geysei's 
sending up their splendid columns to- 
ward the heavens, the noted falls so 
much admired by all the world and the 
beautiful icicles sparkling to that degree 
that they seem endeavoring to obey that 
divine injunction, "Let your light 
'^shine." 

Finally we come to the minerals and 
&ems, the uses and beauties of which are 
innumerable. We will notice oidy a 
few of them. First, Calcium. It is 
used for white wash, is valuable as a fer- 
tilizer, is extensively used as bleaching 
powder in refining sugar, and in tlie 
manufacture of coal gas; it also forms 
the principle parts of corals and shells. 
Where can we find more beauty in form 
and design than in the numberless sea 
shells and corals? And where can we 
find scenes more picturesque or more 
beautiful than those of the famous caves, 
filled with their wonderful shapes of 
pilasters, stalactites and stalagmites, all 
formed by the deposit of calcium in solu- 
tion? 

Second, silicia in combination with 



iixygi'M is said to coaipose nearly one 
iialr or in.' t-airli's crust. It is laryelv 
nsi'd ill the JiiaimtVictui'e of glass, we may 
^'^'■y that ,1 li ;udisj;ien3able as an element 
(>,'■ use. (Jii the other hand it forms 
l)-.':iuiilnl crystals and some of the most 
I'lcciDus gT'iiis. It is largely found in 
tht' eiiiiilions of geysers. We are told 
that tlie silica charged waters trickling 
slowly over the mounds, formed by the 
ilcpdsits of tlie eruptions, give rise to 
paitenis of exquisite and delicate beauty, 
which Hayden compares to embroidered 
lace-wOrk with edging fringe and i^end- 
aiit tassels, studded with pearls. 

The diamond, one of the most precious 
gems, is highly valued for its mechanical 
uses. It is the hardest of all known 
substances and its curved edges are used 
for cutting glass. The diamond has a 
high lefiacrive power by wliich it flashes 
such vivid and brilliant colors. One 
evidence of its beauty is that a lover 
selects it as a token of sincerity for his 
betrothed. Another is that the royal 
family have shown their preference tor 
it by wealing it in their crowns for many 
ages. 

Thus we see that the trees, the flowers, 
the wateis, the minerals and the gems 
are not only useful but beautiful. Should 
we not make our lives likewise? 

Ella Johnson. 



28 



The Elon College Monthly. 



LOCALS. 



W. H, ALBRIGHT, Editok 



Spring! Dr. Long and Prof. Scln^lz went 

Chilly winds! ^^ Raleigh to the state education- 

al Convention. 
Bicycle riding! 

Mr. Ellis' i-ooia-nia,te says he 
Entertainments!! knows spring is opening for his 

Wanted: a printing office at Elon. 1 ^^^iskers are sprouting. 

Mr. Perkins family has moved I ^^'''' ^^ '"' ^*'"-«^' ^^ ^^^'^^^ ^^^t a 
to Elon. ; town so decides tJie last genei-ai 

; Assembly of North Carolina. 
Latest sport — Elon girls riding! 
on bicycles. ^ Ad^^ertisers will confer a favor 

I upon the Business Managers by 
College woi-k was suspended on | paying n[» their duf^s ar onre 
the 22nd of Feb. 

Rev. r. T. Klapp has comnienced 

The dwelling of Mr. Hughes is ! to build a handsome residenco n; 

near completion. jour progiessive and p]osper(;U6 

(Prof,) What is the nonnnativePj ^'"''' ^"'''''• 
(^ Prep.) Masculine. j Miss Litlie Stroud, n foi-mer stu- 

Prof. Moring of MorrisvilJe paidj'^'^"^''' ^^^'*'' ^^ ^acbing instru. 
us a visit not long siuce. | 'f ®"^'^^ "^^sic ai Ramseur in Ran- 

dolph county. 

Rev. P. H. Fleming is having al p 
nice cottage house built at thisi -•^^P'^t'S^ii'-^^ives foj- commence- 
place. ■ jment. Clio-J. H. Jonesand W. J. 

iGrabajn. Phi— W. P. Lawrence 

For sale: One-half interest in ajand W. D. Harward. Psij)heliai! 
tennis-Court apply Messrs. Long & —Misses Emma Williamson and 
Holladay. Ella Johnson. 

Ask one of the Seniors how Profs. Scholtz and Jvendrick in 
many people it takes to di-eam one company with Misses Janie Price 
good dream. Emma Harward, Irene Johnson 

and Annie Graham went toBurlin- 



The Elon C'ollege Monthly. 



29 



gtoii to hear Dr. Hall deliver a brain A Soph, interupting, said: 

lecture on •'London and Life in One can easily detect the copicious- 

London." 



Anew Poetess in town; Hear 
her: 

'■(Jf all The s;til words onoiiuupor pen, 
i'lie sadde.sr lire tliese. li snows af^tiiii." 



ness of his preceptibility by an in- 
ductive and philosophical perusal 
of his blue-back, treatise on or- 
thography. The Seniors gave it 
up. 



Doubtless the cause of this sud- The Glee Club gave an enter- 
den outburst was; that the young i tainnient at Ossipee the 11th of 
lady did not get to go sleigh riding ' March with good results following 
during the last snow. therefrom? 

An entertainment was given by ! Recent physical research.— It 
the young ladies Saturday night, j has been observed lately that one 
Feb., IS un<ier the auspices of the of our Seniors can sleep and hold 
Psiphelinn Society. It was quite his book in his hands, suspended 
a success, and although the ad- before him. Is this automatic 
mission fee was only a quarter, ' action? (Student of Psycology.) 
we think no one regretted having 
iione. 



A I'i-e|>, who was reading a mag- 
azine, was asktd by a Senior what 



"You cannot always sometimes 
tell." For a Soph, the other day 
while strolling and puffing his 
"Havana," found a little boy on 



he was reading. The prep after his knees in the road, and much 
looking nearly through it to get perplexed about something. The 
the title turned to the cover and Soph approached him and said; 
said: It is "The Homilet Revenue." "Hello sonniel What have you 
The Senior saw that it was the found?" Pm trying to tell what 
Homiletic Review and smiled. this is," said the boy. Soph stoop- 

ing over said: "Why! thats a gooses 
The following will go as dele- ^j.ack, you numskull," "Thank 
gates to state convention of the you," said the boy, "I couldn't tell 
Y. M. C. A. which meets in Win- whether it was a goose's track or a 
ston Apr Gth: W. P. Laurence, J. ganders 
H. Jtines, W. D. Harward, S. M 



Smith, W. J. Graham. From the 
Y. W. C. A. the following young 
ladies are delegates: Misses Annie 
Graham and Annie Gardner, 

Some Seniors were discussing 



The Glee Club gave a comical 
entertainment the 22nd of P'eb. 
much to the enjoyment of all 
those who were fortunate enough 
to be present on this august and 
humorcus occasion. The tax was 



the size and weiglit of Webster's only a quarter, and from all indi- 



30 



The Elon College Monthly. 



cations the audience enjoyed the 
worth of their admission fee. It is 
reported however that several 
laughed until their sides were sore. 
We are glad to know that the Glee 
Club made such a good impression 
and met with so much success on 
their first appearance upon the 
stage of action. j 

1 stood in the hall at noon tiiup 
As tlie bell was tollinjj' tlie hour 

And the boys came out of the college 
And i>Hssed nie near the tower. 

I saw tlieir faces dimly j 

Throutjh their stubby, striifirlinij: beard, I 

Liiie a beautiful flower g-.ifdeu 
All covered with "ranksome" weeds. 

And I thoutj-ht, can these be the boys' 

This bearded ji:rizzly elan 
Each bearinj^ upon his visa.jre 

The looks of n^ed men? 

How often, Oh I how often 
In I he liaysiiiat had i^one l>y 

1 had stood in the iiail at noontime ; 
An(i waudu'd tlie boys pass by. 

How of'.en, OhI lowofteu 
I l\:id thoui^lit tiieiu M h.id.some s 't 

Bur now rliey looked like ^'rizziies 
()u1 of a "nieiia^rie let.'' 

My heart ishotantl restless 

And my life is full of care 
And the l)urdHn laid upon me 

Seems pci't-iter than lean bear. i 

[■Juvenile parody.] I 

A senior, in company with some 
Juniojs and a young lady visitor, | 
was discussing the. pleasure derived j 
from being able to tell tlie charac- 
ter and occupation of a young man 
by looking in his face. The young 
lady viewed hi in attentively as he 
talked; a few minutes after he had 
finished she said: "Mr. R — ar'nt 
you a carpenter?'' (He was hack- 
ed.) She not noticing the embar- 
rassment of her questio)! — mod- 
estly turns to a senior who was of 
the (Rev.) stripe — ''And you are a 



preacher" — Who would have told 

it? ] 

Stranger, driving a poor horse, 

(to one of our little boys) S. "Hello 

sonniel Can you tell me how far 

I is it to Altamahaw?" L. B. Well 

i sir, if you have a good horse it is 

I about six miles, with an ordinary 

j horse it is about ten miles, but 

with that thing you have it is a 

lifeiime journey.'' The stranger 

drove on. 

\ Tribute of f^espest. 

Whereas: Our Heavenly Father 
in his all-wise providence has 
taken from the Psiphelian Society 
our honored and beloved member 
Miss Blanche Loiig of Graham, N. 
C. Therefore, be it resolved 1st. 
I While a shadow darkens our lives 
to da.y and our hearts overflow 
with a sorrow too deep and too 
sacred for expression, we bow iu 
humble submission to the will of 
him who doeth all things well. 

2nd. That we exemplify the 
virtues which made her a model 
coinpaiiion and a loved, associate. 

3rd. That the hall of the Psiphe- 
lian Society be draped in mourn- 
ing and each uiembei- wear the 
usual badge for thirty days. 

-ith. That a copy of these resolu- 
Mons i)e sent to the bereaved fami- 
ly, spread upon the records of our 
Society, and published in the Elon 
College Monthly, Christian Sun 
and Alamanre (xleanei-. Adopted 
by Psiphelian Literary Society 
March 30th 1893. 

f RowenaMopfit 
Com. Mrs. J U. Newman 
( Annie Grajiam. 



Elon College Monthly. 



31 



CLIPPINGS. 



If Rev. W — can't jump high he 
can spread awfully. 

•*lf a girl would be a true woman 
!<he must be a true girl." 

The best article .ve have seen on 
American tin plate was custard 
pie. 

In education our main object is 
to train man to a habit of effective 
virtue. 

Truth is stranger than fiction 
and many never care for an intro- 
duction, 

It is generally when you are not 
1 loking out for a woman that you 
get o.i her "trail." 

The public libraries of Europe 
contain 21,(HX),000 volumes, those 
of America 50,000,000. 

Of the 322 members of the Nat- 
ional House of Representatives 100 
are college graduates. 

The man who points out our 
faults to us IS a true friend, but we 
feel like kicking him just the same. 

'' Standard Books'' are well 
named. They are put up as a kind 
of banner to show our cultivated 
taste, but are seldom taken down. 

Prof, of Law —"What is a cross 
emainder?" 



Sen. — (after mature deliberation) 
"An old maid." 

The United States Congressional 
Library at Washington contains 
over 625,000 bound books, and in 
addition 200,000 pamphlets. 

Washington and Lee University 
has graduated thirty-seven Gover- 
nors, eight United States Senators, 
and thirty-one college Presidents. 

Manufacturer — ''Johnnie, is your 
father in favor of patronizing home 
industry?" 

Johnnie — "I think he is judging 
from the way he makes me work." 

He — So you say you will not 
marry me? 

She — Yes I do, and I put my foot 
on it. 

He — Wei, as that covers the 
whole ground no further remarks 
are needed. 

Miss J. — ''Mr. Y. are these com- 
plexion powders warrented fast 
colors?" 

Mr. Y. — Well madam, I can't 
say that they will wash like the 
natural complexion, but they wont 
rub off on a coat sleeve." 

A young girl was caught kissing 
her sweetheart a few days ago. 
Her mother took her to task for 



32 



The Elon College Monthly. 



such actions, but the girl silenced 
her by this quotation: "Whatso- 
ever ye would that men should do 
unto you, do ye even so unto them," 
The old lad}" v^ilted. Memories of 
old were brought forcibly to mind. 

The total population of the earth 
is supposed to be 1,480,000.000. 
In Europe, 858,000,000. Asia, 025- 
000,000. Africa, 164.000,000. Amer- 



ica, 122,000,000. Australia, over 
3,000,000. Oceanic Islands, 1,500- 
000. Polar Regions. 80,000. 

Bov«, Ift ns be up ;iri<l doiny, 

Willi a lieart. fo^ any fat*-: 
Now is tlu^ tiiiip to rc^sist her wooinir, 

For after capfivity will oh too late. 

"Why am I like a journey iot)u?" 
Me asked her, lihisliinj; re(i; 

"I do not know, nnles« its that 
You make ?ne tired." she said. 



EXCHAr^ 



S*s. 



MIS» ANNIE GRAHAM, Editor. 



The best endowed college in this 
country is Columbia, with $9,000,- 
000. Harvard comes next with 

$8,000,000.— Ex. 

The Trinity Archive comes to 
hand as promptly as usual, and 
contains its full shai'e of good 
readable matter. The ai'ticle on 
University of Modern Literatuie is 
worthy of notice. E.ach of the 
departments are well attended to, 
and as a rule are well gotten up. 
TheArchive is always a welcome 
magazine 

Lehigh Univei"sity proposes to 
build a labviratury that shall have 
no equal in the college world. It' 
will be 40 feet long, 00 feet vvide, 
and four st )fies high with a l^ase- 
ment. 

The cost is to be over $200. ooo. 
— Exchange. 

The Georgian University Maga- 
zine for March is again on our table. 

The article on Truth The Basis 
of Character is especially interest 
ing. The writer refers to Herbert 



Sp(MK-er"s )io1able statement. "No 
one is C(^ncious of what kc is, but 
of what he was the moment 
before." The following is ])art 
of the closing paragraph: "'Truth, 
wherever fount!, in wh.-itever dis- 
guise, is the basis of all art, of all 
beauty, of all gi-eatness, of ail that 
is to be admired in this world, and 
of all that we should hope for in 
the next. God niay have made 
some of us pooi- and miserable but 
there is no time so miserable but a 
man may be true." 

The University of Edinburg is 
now open to women ..n the same 
terms as to young men. — Ex 

We are pleased t*) welcome 
among oui- exchanges The Guil- 
ford Collegian. This is a good 
re[)resentative of the institution 
and contains several well written 
articles. 

At the University of Wisconsin, 
arankofSoper cent, in daily or 
term work exempts a student from 
examination — Ex. 



Advertiseaients. 



(El]inQ h]a\\, I^ 



E. M. CAXPCLEUGH & BRO., 



Vl^HTEO,. 



1 Dealers in China, Glassware, etc., 
^ Fine Lamps and Chadeliers a 
*( Specialty. * ^ * * * * 
219 South Elm st. Greeksboro, N. C. 



DR. G. W. KERNODLE, 

•Practicing I Physician,f^ 

Er,oN cor,r,Er.E, n. c. 



Calltf in the country promptly attended to. 
OFFICE OVER THE DRUO STORE. 



By a young man of 
^experience, a position 
as ifai'her duiiug the Summer. For 
partiiMilai-s address, X. 

Car.^ of BUSINESS MANAGER ol 
MONTHLY, ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 



TO CONSUMPTIVES 

Tiio uiKlersifined hiiviiig: restored to health by 
simple oueans, atter suHering- for several j'ears 
with a severe lunj;; attection, ^nd that dread dis- 
ease CONSUMPTION, is anxious to make known 
to his fellow sufferers the means of cure. To 
those who desire it, he will cheerfully send (free 
of charjie) a copy of the prescription used, which 
ihey will llpda sure cure for CONSUMPTION, 
ASTHMA, CATARRH, BRONCHITIS and all 
throat and lung- MALADIES. He hopes all suf- 
ferers will try his remedy, as it is invaluable. 
Those desiring the prescaiption, which will cost 
them nothing, and may pi-ovo a blessing, will 
please address, 
j R E \' . i: I ) W A R I ) A . ^V r LSO N , 

I Brooklyn, N. Y. 



^i-e./^.tBOONiH § i)Ors|i^ 



j^NEW STOREIH^ 



>^HESH GOODS!! 



FULL LINE OF 



>^ FAMILY GROCERIES, NOTIONS, L/lDiES' DRESS GOODS / SHOES. >^ 



OUR PRICES SUIT ALL. GIVE US A CALL. 

C. A. BOONE & SON, 

Elon College, N. C. 



Advertisements. 



■^""Odell Type Writer. 

^'^f^ ^^''^^ ^"^ ^^"^ Odell Type 
^ £m\3 Writer with 78 cliaracters 
and $15 for the Single case Odell, war- 
ranted to do belter work than any ma- 
chine made. 

It combines simjolicity with durability, 
ppeed, ease of operation, wears longer, 
without cost of repairs than any other 
machine. Has no ink ribbon o bothe r 
the operator. It is neat substanial, 
nickle plated perfect and adapted to all 
kinds of type writing. Like a printing 
j^ress, it produces sharp, clean, legible 
manuscripts. Two or ten copies can be 
made at one writing. Any intelligen 
pei'son can become an operator in two 
days, We offer $1,000 to any operator { 
who can equal the work of he Double 
Case Odell. i 

Reliable agents and salesmen wtaited. 
Special inducements to dealers, j 

For pamphlet giving endorsements, 
etc., address. 

ODELL TYPE WRITER CO., 
85 <t 87 Fifth Ave., Chicago, 111. ! 



THE 



Un YOU SEEN IT? 

Highly endorsed by press and people. 
A sixteen page journal for city and 
country, farm and fireside, factory and 
counting room. 

SAMPLE COPY FREE. 

Six months on trial twenty-five cents. 
Address, THE ECLECTIC, 

Ralkigh,^N. C. 



FOR SALE. 

Having received througli our adver- 
tising department tlie following, we 
bold them for sale at greatly i-ednced 
yrices. They are direct from the factories 

One "A,MERICA,k: UNIOEi ]ME"W 
mommt" dewing Machl .e,price $40 for 
$30. 

One ODELL TYPE WRPrEK, (double 
case,) price $20 for .$18. 

One T^^elbs-tei-'s?? Intei-- 

price $10 for $8. 

One "ROCHESTER" Parlor Lamp 

price $15 for $10. 

AVe pay all charges to your depot or 
express office. Information will be fur- 
nished, and a full account of the above 
named articles given to any one address- 
ing S. Nl. SMITH, 

Man. Adv. Department, 

ELON COLLEGE, ]N^. C. 



Advertise:.! i^NT-v 
THE 

ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY 

><flLITE8llRy:si.;fflM> 

PUBLISH I. i ;;•■ 

^[HE PHILCLOGlflN, CLIO MD W-lUkll SCGlHTItS.^ 

OF ELON COLLLGE, N. C. 

Pure in tone and commendable in aim, it appeals tor support to the many 
friends of the College, and to all interested id iiitHlli:'ctiial development. 

Never before in its history has it been i.iDri/ in need of friends than at pres- 
ent. 

Send in your name as a subscriber or induce your fritnd to subscribe and 
thus help to sustain its reputation as a MODEL COLLEGE MAGAZINE 

One copy, one year, $1.00, 

" " six months, 75, 

Six copies, one year, 5.00. 

Will do well to note that all students are pledged to patronize those whose adyer- 
tisements are inserted. 

For further information, address 

Business Manager, 

elon college, n. c. 



Advertisements. 








SOUTH BLOUNT STREET, RALEIGH, N. C. 

It is positively the most reliable house for 



Send Sample Job, which will be Shipped to you Free of Charge 
Address all orders to D. W. C. HARRIS, Raleigh, N. C. 



♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦♦»♦♦»♦<»♦♦♦♦♦♦ 







Ou • -or^ 



iH^d *i 



So 






3 ^ 






2^ 



o 



■^g5 

o to 

a -a J) 
o S (« 
P M ft 

fe fed 
S 4* 2 



<<><...><><><,^^<>4>^.^<iK;>O^,e>,^^^^^^^^<8>0^^^<;><(,4(,^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 



ARE ALWAYS IN THE LEAL. 

Their line of clothing is unsurpassed for 

FINISH, QUALITY STYLE. 

Big stock of DRY GOODS, HATS, SHOES always on hand. 

Full stock GROCERIES, HARDWARE, FURNITURE. 

DON'T FORGET THE PLACE. 

JOS. A- ISl-EY St^ BRO. 

T5viilin«>:lOii, >^. C 



■•.\ite 



m — 



{ill 




f 



act gently but proniptly upon the kidneys, liver, stomacli r 1 
intestines ; clcanr.e the system cficctually ; dispel colds, hc.-i- 
aches and fevers ; cure habitual constipation, making encr.u^ 
unnecessar}'. Arj acceptable to the stomach and truly bene- 
ficial in effects. A single Tasule taken after the evening meal, 
or just before retiring, or, better still, at the mom.ent when the 
first indication ir, noted of an approaching cold, headache, any 
symptom of indigestion or depression of spiiitr., will remxOve 
-- the whole difnculty in an hour 

without the patient being con- 
scious cf any other than a slightly 
warming effect, and that the ex- 
pected illness failed to material- 
ii:3 cr has disappeared. 

r':.:carjC commonly ccmes on 
\:'.:h flight symptoms, which when 
neglected increase in extent and 
gradually grow dangerous. 

If you suffer from Kendache, Dyspepsia rpj^^j R IPA VS TARl JI PS 
or Indigestion, t_ iv n /> -^ irvu v^ L,-. 

!f you are E'>/'^-.:<^, Constipated, or have ■-- 
3 Disorder^.] Liver 




sillier Liiiii-^j t..'t.>.r t^. 



cr y: 



For OSfefisivi J^reaeh and aU Disorders rj- " 
of the Stomach, . o . , . - 



- RIPANS TABULHS 
■' r^^^PAN S TACULFS 
2 RIPANS TACULPS 



Ripnns Tubules Regulaic ilic Sydcm and Preserve the 11: ~':' . 
=jj r:A3Y TO TAKE, QUICK TO ACT 



RIPANS TASULES 

ARE 

A COMPLcTE 



IT" (I 



SAVE MANY A DOCTOR'S BILL. 
May be ordered through nearest Druggist <ir sent by 



MEDICINE CHEST [ n-,r.il..n receipt of price. Box (6 viaLs), 75 cents, 
, .. „ „ ;; aire (4 boxes), $2. For free samples address 

AND SliOI t I) i!E KEPT FCU H 



Pack- 



THE RtPANS CHEMICAL CO., 
10 SPRUCE STREET, NEW YORK. 



k 

t 

1 

i 






s^p&r^L^7r^^.^:ft^ii^p£l^pM^l^ MS?^WSS^^ 



Advertisements. 



CJ^It^E^JErVSDBOIlO 




111 113 AND 113^ WEST MARKET St. GREENSBORO, N. G 

Satisfaction Guaranteed. 

..— @^^^ •• 

Boys, ^^ive your orders for work to Mr. F. A. Holladay. Consult liitn for prices. 
J^~Tue Patronage of College Students and Professors solicte !. 

JOHN M. DICK, Proprietor. 



'HAFFT 4^?bC5MTENT!,S 4 HOflE WITH THE ROCHESTER" 




And a good lamp 
^ must be simple; '.yh-'-n it is not simple it is 




tough and seamless, z.nd made in tnree pieces only, 4^^^ 
it is absolutely safearA undreakabk\ Like Aladdin's "^^^1 
of old, it IS indeed a ^'wonderful ianjp," for i^s mar- ^**^ 
velous light is purer and brighter th.-n gas light, - 
softer than electric light ?rA more cheerfufthan either. 

Look for this stamp— The liocnESTEn. If the lamp dealer hasn't the genuine 
Rocnester, and the style you v/aui. seud to us for our new illustrated catalogue, 
and we will send you a lamp safely hv .-x-oresE— your choice of over 3.000 
ivaneties from the Largest Lamp Store i« ikt If'orid. ' 

KOCHES^ER E.Aai.1* CO.^. 4S ParSfi Place, Nei^ Yos^b City. 



A Lamp with the Light of the Morning. For catalogue 

Write ROCHESTER LAMP CO. New York. 



Adtektisements. 



® -^ (^ ^ ORDER @ VOTTR ^ (t) (i) (& 



> 0^t/a.^d.^ ^^yfC'is.e/a^^ .^'^^^^^^/^^^ "~^i^^^^^«^ 



'-^e^-t:>^^ 



^-d'. 



And evervTliiiig needed in the Jewelry line from Headquarters. 

sefnid for catalogue. 
Ill- Best Testimonial— Thousands of Satisfied Customers, 



7 



>--s>^Lt 



1028 MAIN ST., ------ LYNCHBURG, VA 



57 1 M 17 1 F ^ ^ -^''^ yaa\\ (FREE) on rc- 



; of a two cent stxmp, 



W. 5. L2NQ, Jr.,5.D. 5., 

Dental Surgeon, 

EIvON COtl^EGE, N. O. j 

a recipe for a « -P eyEQET/IBLE 

Calls in the country promptly attended. •^"«-' * ^hat will remove 

T/IN, * FRECKLES, * FIMFLEJ, 

, I BLOTQMEJ, PL/IQKME/Ib5&Q. 



fHELg^RN'J Q<!|LLERY, 



BCRLINQTON, N. C, 



Is the place for first class 
PHOTOCf^APHS. 



leaving the skin soft, clear and beautiful. 

Address A. D. STEMPEL, 

60 Ann St., New York. 



Advertisements. 



^ BUT TEE %^ 




WOODWORK !M1 



s 



^&D.i. 



-n£ 



THE BEST R ThE''GHE&PEST. 

Send TEM g:^>T:3+o ^« Union Sq., f'. Y., 
for our pr!:;e t^r.sTio, *' B'itic! LueU," and 
win « Knw Home Sewing ii^achine. 

The N sw i lome Sewing [Vlachine Co, 

^'■.Lou\a^'''''FOR SALE BY "^UAs.itT^- 

H. W. STEELE, 

(iibsomille and lUirlingtoii, N. C. 



J. A. LONG, 



ATTORNEY AT LAW, 



A NEW SUSiNESS 

i'Oll 
Mea, ^VQaien a.nd Boys, 

Is just being developed, which can be 
carried on at home and will prove very 
profitable. Honesty isthe oidy c;i.pital 
required. 

Full particulars and a free sample will 
be sent you on I'cceipt oi' two 2-ceiit 
stamps. No postal cards answered. 
Address GEO. E. KALB & CO., 

RU.SliVlLLE, OHIO. 

Pliysiciiiiij 

Examiner in the Practice of Medicine. 
GRAHAM, N. C 

S . I-. - A I- £> H F€ F^l A ri 5 

LieaciiiAg @ @ 
© PKotograpKer. 



GRAHAM, N. C. 





Finest 




Work 




At 




Sliort 




Notice 


A 


Complete 


Line 


Of 


Frames. 


I 



soutiTlim sl:f^ GREENSBORO N. C . 



ApVEPTISEMENTS. 

HEADQUARTERS FOR 



FNE CLOTHING, HATS AND GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS. 

-IS ATr 

C. 'M.. 'U' AlSrSXORY & GO'S. 



We have the larijest and tiiiest s^tock of NEW Clothing and Hats ever seen in 
North Carolina, and all of the best makes and latest styles. 

We pell SCHLOSS BROS & CO'S. THE STEIN BLOTCH CD'S. Tailor Made 
and STROUS6 BRO'S^rFilie) D.Teps ai.i4:S.Qh99i S.<i>ts.for Men, Progress Superior 
Made and the (rold Medal Fine Boy's and Children's Clothing in Short and Long 
Pantfr'SuitK; ^ 'V, ;: ■ i 

We have the finest stock of H ATS in the ciiiy. The celebrated John B. Stetson 
"Melville," and the World Renowned $5iOO Yaouian Hat, in all shapes. 

We invite all Eion College Students and Professors to make our store Ijead- 
quarters when in the city. Very Respectfully, 

C. M. VANSTORY & CO 

Le;itlingi)ne Price Clothiers and Hatters, 
216 South Elm Street. (tREENSBORO, N. C. 




^ 



CUXCMIM A.CO.5 

GREENSBORO, N. C, 

(JfTer youthe finest assortments and the best selections at the lowest possible 
prices In the- city. 

HATS. — The latest styles and best shape. Also agents for the Celebrated 
Dunlap Hats. . 

FINE SHOES;— Our specialty. A complete line— the best. Have them all 
made and can duplicate any shoe in stock, 

UNDERWEAR.— The beet that can be secored. Every Bait is perfect. A flne 
ine that will suit you. 

SCARJFS, BOWS AND T4ES,—They no^ti only to.be seen and they sell. The 
prettiest line, the latest styles, the most fashionable shapes. 

COLLARS AND CUFF-S.^-Arll styJes and -lat est* shapes. All pure linen and 
the best. 

Trunks. Valises^ Iraveling Bags & IJnibrellas 

^P~If yoii CHn't call Write and KCt any iiifunuutioii you want. tittUsfactiun guaraateed. 






ADVlRTrBEMK 



-^ WE ARE STILL ON THE CpLLEGE HILL )^ 
AND ALWAYS OLAD TO SFXL ¥OTT ^^»A^ Y<:XT NEED PN 

STUDENTS SUPPLIES _ "^^ ^^® always glad 

A SPSCIALTYfft^ ^^^ ^^^^ 5^^ *^^" 

VERY TKL'LV 

MERNDON > YOUNC, 



til 



t^UiVl i^tiViixB\Vte c\||^\±U:\^ 




e.V SELLERS, 

.1 E. SMITH. /-.«?"/. 1/7/rf. 

,11 work tliii-slifil Willi tliei^i*-atf!it unre. antj satiSfiK-tiou f;iiar:uitrt;di 

I diu also jjre^>art)dl t«>«lu oiiteide work (Vi< tvinv'^ I'T ;ijn k.iiicl iiii\ Uiji siipplif.) i :■, m,. !j^.,( 

n>iriimemsi lor this braiicJi brthf biistiiiE 

Mtris VaUfrhii Uati i-UurK*-. of Ijulies Who ■?% : e.'-s. t'lti Jiiiicj \<i: i . i ■- 

A I,AK<;K A.\J> AS.-^inH'l 111* .-'HMK ul.;j;4t.^M.KKON |^.VNl> ,\1.W.4 'I s . 

A»K lor I'liih j|)ric<?«i. 5 . ^ IBnlwiygliBg work « 9|i«i,'tal,(^ . 

BURL.INCTON, W. C. 




cC'Ma- fd 



THE 



ELOJM GOLLEQE M0JNTJ4LY. 



VOL. II. 



APRIL, 1893. 



NO. 7. 



NOTICK. 

Correspondents will please send all matter In- 
tended for publication to 

W. H. ALBRIGHT. 

Blon College, N. C. 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 

On© dollar per scholastic year, cash in advance. 
Remittances should be made payable to 

BUSINESS MANAGERS, 
of Elon College Monthly. 



LOVE AS AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENTOF MANKIND 



Love has truly been acknowl- 
edged to be the most potent ele- 
ment in life, and life without it 
may indeed be compared to the 
"world without a sun." 

What is it that makes our grand- 
est, noblest characters in life* It 
is that instinct that gives them a 
higher ideal of life. Something to 
look up to, to reverence. In that 
ideal of mankind are seen the quali- 
ties that will give one a purer and 
higher aim for his own, in some 
ol)ject that they have in view in 
striving to attain, thus you imitate 
them because vou love them and in 



so doing you elevate your own life 
imparting a benefit to you. 

No life is complete without first 
experiencing love, — hope is with- 
out aim and man is but miserable 
until he realizes this influence 
which sooths all cares and troubles; 
and satiates all desires and expec- 
tations in life. 

One who loves has something to 
live for. For our lives are bright- 
ened by love, our energy 
increased, our aspirations made 
stronger. Without this perpetual 
melody of humanity in the heart, 
man would be worthless, sailing 



/ 



The Elon College Monthly 



on the grand old ocean of time not 
caring ho^w life drifted. 

Love is also an essential element 
in regard fco health; no one can be 
happy without love. We all know ' 
that it is a pleasure to be loved. 
Life would be a burden if we 
thought no one loved us. It is 
often that it causes us to be discon- 
tented, dissatisfied with life and 
makes us want to drown cares in 
baser habits. 

With love our happiness increas- 
es — our selfish nature is forgotten 
and in striving to do for another's 
happiness, contentment comes in 
and that is the true essence of 
health and happiness. Love causes 
us to have a more elevated idea 
concerning a moral character and 
thus prepare us better for eternity. 

Without love mankind would 
not be cognizant of the poor and 
we would not work for the eleva- 
tion of mankind generally. For 
were it not for the love we have 
in our hearts for souls of others we 



would iioL endeavor to send the 
gospel to other nations and to the 
heathens at home and abroad, that 
they might know the goodness of 
God, teaching them to woi-ship 
him as the maker and ruler of every 
good and perfect thing. Without 
it we too would be unable to appre- 
ciate his wonderful love for us, or 
to understand the passage — "Love 
thy neighb<»r as thyself.'" 

Without the love of Christ in 
our hearts we would not be pre- 
pared to die, which is the most im 
portant element in our subject. 

True love also in a manner ele- 
vates the intellect. The poet 
Browning says — "All love renders 
wise in a degi-ee, and the most 
gifted minds have been the truest 
lovers." Great souls make all 
affections great. They elevate and 
consecrate all true delights. 

"Oh love! pure lovel Thou art 
the fountain of all comfort and 
without thee man is but a 
brute." Florence Lassitek. 



k ^1 



Elon College Monthly. 



FRENCH GIRLS AND WHAT THEY STUDY. 



If in any engagement of a girl's 
life there is encouragement needed, 
isurely it is in the woi-k lof her school 
life, and as this is ordinarily found 
in those who are engaged in 
MUiilai- occupations it is therefore 
usually interesting to those who 
are thus employed to know of the 
means 1)\' which the greatest suc- 
cess is attained by others. 

The exchange of ideas on the 
systems used sometimes results in 
good, thus it may not be disagreea- 
ble «ir unprofitable to us, who are 
tastitjg the bitters and sweet^^s of an 
American girl's college course, to 
know how and what French girls 
study. 

lu the first place they have sev- 
eral great advantages over us. One 
of these is that derived from the 
system of free education, so that 
there is a possibility of the poor- 
est girl's obtainig the highest edu- 
cation. The French women share 
privileges with the men and take 
the same degrees. The women 
students of the University of Paris 
are on a higher level tlian our col- 
lege girls, l)ut the French girl who 
has taken a four or five years 
course in the college of France, 



does not at all compare with a 
girl graduate of our co-educational 
college's, for she does not follow a 
prescribed course of study. Al- 
though she has the finest opportu- 
nity for advanced study she does 
not prove to the world that she has 
taken more than the simple ele- 
mentary courses unless she goes 
up to the University examinations 
and takes a degree. The highest 
ambition of every bright French 
girl is a diploma. 

The girls of the wealthiest par- 
ents, those who have been taught 
by a governess at home, side by 
side with those of the poorest fami- 
lies, who have received their ele- 
mentary instructions from the pub- 
lic colleges; go up to the Hotel de 
ville, and are competitors for the 
same honors. In going to the pub- 
lic lectures and returning from 
them the girls are always accom- 
panied by one of their parents or 
their matrons and usually their 
chaperons sit with them during the 
lecture, and take as active an 
interest as the students themselves 
who pride themselves in their 
attentiveness. Often it is of 
much benefit to the students to 



The Elon College Monthly. 



have their parents with them, for 
they become so much interested in 
the work of their children that 
besides giving them words of sym- 
pathy they also aid them in pre- 
paring their lessons. There are 
none so poor but that they are 
attended by chaperons, these being 
thought to influence greatly the 
forming of the character of the 
girl, and indeed in the line of com- 
panionship the boys are not neg- 
lected either; for until they are 
seventeen or eighteen they are 
accompanied by their fathers. 
When the children are left during 
the school hours, at the close they 
have a merry meetmg at the door 
where mother joins daughter and 
father son. They are all now 
through with work for the day and 
with each other they unite in hav- 
ing a pleasant afteriiooii. The 
lecture system is favored by some 
French people, but still the greater 
number think that to make a wom- 
an momanly she must be taught 
by women exclusively, and to 
make a man truly manly he must 
receive instructions only from those 
of his own sex. Nowhere is there 
to be found girls who are truer 
companions for their fathers and 
brothers, but, their instruction is 
almost entirely obtained from 
women. In study hours they are 
under the strictest rules, but when 
the hour of recreation comes, all 
regulations are forgotten except 



that they must play. All join in 
the games except those too deli- 
cate. Girls of sixteen or eighteen 
join as heartily in running, jump- 
ing and lively games as the chil- 
dren of six or eight. "The French 
say that the best players make the 
best workers and the girl who has 
a bit of tom-boy in her always 
makes the finest character." 

The French girl is in school for 
longer terms than we are and 
while in school her time and mind 
are more wholly employed in 
school duties. 

A school girl is not allowed to go 
to dances and parties," read novels, 
attend theatres, or to participate 
in any of the distracti(ms so com- 
mon to the American girl. No 
matter how wealthy her parents 
may be she is accustomed to early 
hours, simple food and plain sur- 
roundings. 

She wears no ribbons, laces and 
such fanciful articles as to delight 
the eyes of an American girl. She 
wears a simple dark uniform the 
arrangement of which does not 
engage Iier entire time, from the 
hour of arising till school tiuie. 
Her mind being free from the irri- 
tating inflnencesof all these frivol- 
ities, she is therefore more siin})le 
and childlike and also more grave, 
and capable ot grasping subjects 
which would altogether puzzle 
those of stronger njinds but full of 
fashion, thi^se whose minds have 



li.<;)-\ Cui.i'.EGE Monthly. 



bt^eji fxeic'ix^d iii-if «>vei" the 
tln.uglits «'f (.>ne costume thrtti of 
tlif ii'ss'iDs in ;i wIu.Ip book of 
science. Altl.oti^li tlie ;ivei-age 
Freii'h giil knows little iiiathe- 
matirs, Hot even t.lie name of Alg-e- 
biii oi- (veon:etiy, at a vei-y young 
a^e sl;e studies the social arul politi- 
e;ii silences, the sciences of gov- 
ernment and mornl j'liilosophy. 

It ni:iy be tlnnight that these siib- 
j(-'c-ts are too deei.) for girls still in 
shot t d)-esses biit it is found that 
some of the best thinkei'S and 
brightest scholars in these classes 
are tliose under sixteen. The young 
French girl enters into these sub- 



jects with her whole soul, as it 
were, and goes to the very depths 
of them, while tlie mi ad of oue who 
is more mature ill years, is often 
wandering toward various subjects 
while her eyes are bent on her 
text book. 

Now the point is: — Why cannot 
the young American girl equal the 
young French girl? We think she 
can if she will throw away the 
many frivolities which so often 
engage her attention, and which 
would seem highly degrading to a 
to a bright, simple, childlike French 
girl. Amorette Ballentine. 



THE CHARACTER OF MRS, BROWNING. 



The most eminent poet among 
women is Elizabeth Barrett Brown- 
ing. Her father being a wealthy 
merchant gave her a good liberal 
education which in her day was 
allowed to but few of her sex. At 
a very early age she was placed 
under the guidance of a blind man, 
Mr. Boyd, whose name she always 
warmly cherished. But her deli- 
cacy of health prevented her from 
doing the toilsome work of many 
students, still her acquirements 
were so great that in her youth she 
was so distinguished for her learn- 
ing as for her genius. 



Her education was that of a boy 

rather than that which was usually 

allowed to girls The works of 

Plato, and the Greek tragic poets 

were her special favorites. Her 

knowledge of Greek literature was 

very thorough, and it possessed for 

her a charm which has been 

equalled o.ily by the fascination 

I held over her by Shakes}>eare. 

I The circumstances under which 

' she was placed, and the lack of 

! robust health, was perhaps the 

cause of her seeking more than she 

would have otherwise done, the 

communion of the greatest and 



Elon College Monthly. 



most eminent writers. It was by 
her varied and extensive course of 
reading and by her silent medita- 
tion, that she was prepared for the 
place which she holds among the 
poetsto-day. It is said that "she 
would read almost every book 
worth reading and in almost any 
language." It was in one of her 
poems that she mentioned her lov- 
er's name. Mr. Browning, which 
was the opening of a new life to 
her. As the story is told, though 
he was not personally acquainted 
with her, he called to render his 
thanks for the compliment. He 
asked and received permission to 
visit her again; a mutual attach, 
ment grew up, and after spending 
two years in courtship, they resolv- 
ed to live no longer in single bless- 
edness. Never was there a more 
happy and congenial union ihaQ 
of Robert Browning and Elizabeth 
Barrett. She arose from her in- 
valids chair to accept her wedding 
ring, and from that day her health 
began to improve. 

Soon after their marriage they 
went to Italy, and for many years 
the sunny skies of the south, seem- 
ed to bring over her that health 
which had so long forsaken her in 
her native land. She became in- 
spired with the most beautiful and 
picturesque sceneries around her 
new home and it was there in her 
little home that she j»roduced some 
of her best poems. 

Mrs. Browning was a very pious 
lady and indeed true to her God. 



She seemed to be always in sympa- 
thy with the wretched and d<'wn- 
trodden, and ever ready to lend 
them aid in however a feeble man- 
ner it might have been d(me. 

The most admirable features of 
her religious views is manifested 
in many of her poems, also in her 
own testimony and her name will 
ever be hailed for her devotional 
duties towards her Church. On 
one occasi(m she said "we want the 
touch of Christ's hand upon our 
literature as it touched other dead 
things." 

Her poetry is distinguished for 
its emotional spirit; and there is a 
sadness that ever pervades it. 
Her genius had two sides— lyric 
and dramatic. Her lyrical capa- 
bilities were of the highest order, 
"her song a living voice eloquent 
with passion" In the calm, and 
unfailing thought and feeliog of ■ 
Tennyson htr only superior, she 
was inferior. 

To-day she occupies a most 
favored place in English Literature 
and is undoubtedly one of the lead- 
ing poets of the nineteenth century. 
Her poetry is that which refines, 
chastens and elevates one's mind. 
Though she did not reach the 
height of the few mighty singers 
of the land she shows to us the 
possibilities of the 'highest form of 
poetic art which is alone in the 
scope of woman's genius. 

ROWENA MOFFIT. 



riiK EloN (>)J.LEGE M<1NTHLY 



MY PARTNER AND I AND WHAT WE SAW. 



The idea is often advanced by 
people, and especially the young 
that they can be i)erfectly happy 
with some [teople even if they were 
separated from every body else. 
And some even go so far as to ex- 
press a desire, to some one of theirs 
friends to be alone with them in 
some isolated place where they 
might forever enjoy the company 
of that one only. 

I once had such an idea, and I had 
a partner who thought the same 
thing. And in order to prove this 
iilea and to test our actual worth 
to each other, we decided that we 
wduld some day steal off and go 
to the sea shore together, .where 
we felt sure that we would know 
no one, save each other, and no 
one would know us. And thus we 
would spend a day peculiarly to 
our own i^otion. 

Such a plan having been laid we 
made preparation for the trip. 
The first convenient day we took 
early breakfast, after which we 
hooked a mule to one of those two 
wheeled jump-carts and started 
for the nearest town where we 
were to board the train for the sea- 
shore. The sun rose clear and 
warm and soon revived the birds, 
and all vegetation into newness of 



life. We jogged quietly along 
: through, the fields of the most fer- 
tile and highly cultivated part of 
Virginia, and found it quite pleas- 
ant to note the great advancement 
made for the past few years in 
gardening. The crops seemed to 
spring up anew to meet the rays 
of the morning sun, the birds car- 
oled forth their melodius morning 
j lays, and all nature seemed to bid 
us welcome. Our cheeks also 
showed us to be in the very picture 
of health, which was a proof that 
the jumping and shaking of the 
mule and dog-cart, though very 
trying on our backs and necks, was 
evidently beneficial to our digestion 
and circulation. 

Thus pleased with the scenery 
and shaken up by the cart, we 
pleasantly spent the first few hours. 
After that the sun began to be a 
little sultry, and the mule seemed 
to go quite slowly. Just here 
there was a silence of a few min- 
j utes, which my partner suddenly 
1 broke by calling for cigars. We 
took them out, gracefully placed 
ourselves at one end of them, some 
fire on the other end and were soon 
highly entertained again. After re- 
peating this act three or four times 
we arrived at the town where we 



The Elon College Monthly, 



were to change our mode of travel 
Then after providing comfortable 
entertainment for our steed, we 
pulled out for the depot and boarded 
the train for the beach. In a short 
time we found ourselves by the 
roaring waters and mingling with 
a promiscuous crowd of people 911 
unknown to us and seemingly 
unknown to each other. 

After spending a few hours on 
the beach watching the bathers, as 
they rode on and played with the 
splashing waves, we repaired to 
the dining hall where we enjoyed 
a sumptuous dinner, which had 
quite a reviving effect on us. By 
this time the clouds had begun to 
fly across the heavens and occasion- 
ally, to our delight, we were shel- 
tered by them from the hot rays uf 
of the summer sun. 

For a while all was pleasant but, 
soon the clouds began to gather in 
the western horizon and put on an 
angry appearance. Occasional 
mutterings of thunder could be 
heard above the roaring of the 
waves The sails in the distance 
on the ocean trembled, seemingly 
in dread of the predicted storm. 
The winds became deathly calm 
and no sound could be heard save 
the splashing of the waves along 
the strand. The clouds grew thick- 
er and darker and the thunder 
more terrific; till we found ourselv- 
es seeking shelter from the torrents 
of rain which seemed to be shaken 
from the clouds by the peals of 



thunder. ' The waves seemod to 
leap up higher to meet the falling 
water and the distant billows re- 
echoed the roaring storm with 
double violence; while the lightn- 
ing like great ladders of fire joined 
the heavens and earth. However 
the cloud soon passed and hunsf 
majestically over the deep. It 
touched the very waters and look- 
ed as though it might be a channel 
through which the ocean could 
flow into the sky. The sun shone 
on it fringing it with a silver line, 
and giving it a tint of indescriba- 
ble blackness which made it look 
terrible and majestic enough for a 
chariot in which the Ruler of 
worlds might ride. As iu swung 
therp over the waters the winds in 
it caused it to r(»ll in great pillows, 
changing its appearance each mo- 
ment. When it had receded a lit- 
tle further the thundei* ceased to 
be so terrific and all of a sudden 
the horror of its blackness was dis- 
pelled by the appearance of a beau- 
ful rainbow which curved high to- 
wards the heavens, but in the 
meantime bathed both its ends in 
the ocean. This bow, clothed 
with all the shining splendor that 
the seven colors could impart to it, 
made of it an arch in the clouds so 
majestic and beautiful that it 
seemed a fit entrance through 
which the redeemed of worlds 
might pass into the realms of eter- 
nal bliss. 

People may go into ecstacy over 



The Elon College Mokthly. 



niouiiiaiii or lake scenery, or be 
clKuined \\\U) i\>rgetfulness by the 
falling of waters over stupenduous 
rocks, bur iiiefhiuks nothing can 
1x1 ni«>re nuijestic an I beautiful 
than a sto! ni-clouil fringed with a 
bow and troubled by the winds 
whiU' hanging ovei- the surging 
deep. 

However this cloud soon passed 
fi'oni our view, and my partner 
and I were again left with each 
other and the crowd. We soon 
beg;jn to grow weary, and to wish 
that we had a broader acquaint- 
ance. But as we did not have it, 
we boarded the first train for home. 
The ride home in the evening was 
as well favored by nature as was 
the morning drive. The splendor 
of the setting sun, the going to 
rest of the birds, and the retiring 
to repose of all nature was inspir- 
ing enough to create, in the stei:n- 
est of hearts, a feeling of true sen- 
timent. Then the twilight with its 
cool gentle zephyrs, and fragrant 
odors reminded us that though, the 
morning and evening of life may 



be stormy and full of trials, yet 
if we live in accordance with the 
Divine will our twilight will be 
tranquil and happy, and we will 
passs ijito the new life breathing 
sweet odors of the divine promises, 
and calmed by the gentle zephyrs 
of the Holy Spirit, But these pleas- 
ant surroundings were soon dis- 
placed by the shades of night, and 
my partner and I were again left 
alone with each other. And in 
spite of our love for each other, 
and our desire to be together away 
from every one else; I must confess 
that before we reached home, we 
were almost unnerved by cigars 
which we had smoked for enter- 
tainment while riding together 

Consequently I beg you to re- 
member tJiat real happiness con- 
sists of something broader than 
the sole companionship of any one 
person, and something higher than 
the indulgence of any habit, but 
true happiness comes from doing 
the greatest amount of good to the 
greatest number of people. 

J. H. Jones. 



10 



The Elon College Monthly. 



THE MERCHANT OF.VENICE, 



The Merchant of Venice is justly 
distinguished among Shakespeare's 
dramas not only for the general 
felicity of the language, but also 
for the beauty of particular scenes 
and passages. In conception and 
development of character, in po- 
etical texture and grain in sap and 
flavor of wit and >vumor. and in all 
that touches the real life and virtue 
of the workniaDship, it is one of 
the most original productions that 
ever issued from the human mind. 
Though an earlier play may 
have been written more or less upon 
the same or similar incidents yet 
it could never reach the high rank 
nor could it show forth the high 
literary type of the writer as does 
this play. That its praise is well 
deserved appears in that, from the 
reopening of the theatres at the 
Restoration till the present day the 
play has kept its place on the stage; 
it is also among the first of the 
Poet's works to be read, and the 
last to be forgotten. The strongest 
feature of this play and the one for 
which Shakespeare deserves the 
highest praise is that he never 
allowed himself to be swayed into 
the sympathies of either party. 
He wrote ''without respect of per- 



sons,'' and of him it can least of all 
be said: 

— " he narrowed his mind. 
And to poetry gave up what was meant 
for mankind." 

For descriptive power, the open- 
ing scene of Antonio and his 
friends is not easily rivalled, and 
can hardly fail to live in the mem- 
ory of any one having an eye for 
such things. The Merchant is a 
highly interesting and attractive 
personage. He is dramatically the 
leadmg character of the play in- 
deed the centre and mainspring of 
of the action. 

Something of peculiar charm 
attaches to him from the state of 
mind in which we first find him. 
A dim, mysterious, aforeseen evil 
seems to weigh down his spirits, 
as though he felt afar oif the com- 
ing on of some great calamity. 

Yet this dejection, sweetened as 
it is with his habitual kindness 
and good nature has the effect of 
showing how dearly he is held by 
such whose friendshij. is the fair- 
est earthly purchase of virtue. 

A kind hearted and sweet man- 
nered man, of a large and liberal 
spirit, free where he loves, frank 
where he hates; in prosperity mod- 



':/; 



The Elox CollegeMonthly 



11 



est, in advei^ity cheerful, jjatient 
of trial, indulgent to -weakness 
such a man is Antonio. 

The friendship of the Merchant 
and his companions is such a pic- 
ture as we like to behold. Bassanio, 
Gratiano and Salanio are each 
admirable in their way, and give 
a pleasing variety to the scenes 
where Ihey n:!Ove. 

The next of the characters de- 
serving notice are Lorengo and 
Jessica — the runaway lovers. 

Ihc ughts uj'on their characters 
mu5-t indeed be interesting. Both 
are overflowing with beauty and 
sweetness, nitfre perha])S, as the 
lesult of nuptial inspii-ations than 
(finheient qualities. Of course 
they must be tyi)ical of goodness 
ai;d swtetn( fcs duiii'g the lnjney- 
mocn at least. 

"Love, pi>tent little god as he is, 
can mt-ve n( ne but choice spirits 
to i-m h ddectable issue." 

Jessica's elopement, in itself and 
its nicumstanc es, puts us to the 
alternative that either f-lje is a bad 
girl or Sh) 1< ck a bad father. There 
i> ceitainly enough to pursuade us 
of the latter. 

L<neng<^ stands fair in our regaid. 
1 he wiiter, never Iniving been "in 
love," can lut fully center into the 
t-}m]'athies and chaiacteristics of 
his life. Peihajis hv like nnuiy 
others swr-ip; 

— "liH loved licr well, 
SttJilii''.'' litT ^"^^l witli )n;iiiy vows of 
faitli. 

And iK-'rr a ttMie oic " 



Much need not be said of Laun- 
celot Gobbo. He is to "The Mer- 
chant of Venice" wiiat the com- 
median is to the drama of the pres- 
ent day. 

The heroism of the play is well 
set forth in the character of Portia. 
She is indeed the star of the drama 
1 and second in imporance to Anto- 
nio. Perhaps nowhere could we find 
1 a woman in whom so many wom- 
anly qualities are centered. As 
: intelligent as the strongest, she is 
I at the same time as feminine as the 
! weakest of her sex. The sportive 
element of her composition has 
I its happiest showing in her dia- 
' logue with Nerissa about the "par- 
; eel of wooers'" and in her humor- 
I ous discription of the part she im- 
' agines herself playing in her pur- 
: j'osed disguise. 

She talks much of herself which 
of anyone else we might condemn 
but so becomingly does she do this 
that we liardly wish her to choose 
j any other subject; for we are pleas- 
antly surprised that one so well 
j aware of her gifts should bear them 
j so meekly. 

I Acting f(^r once the part of a 
'man, it would seem hardly possible 
for her to go through the undertak- 
ing without nioreof self confidence 
than were becoming in a woman. 
Just here we find plenty of matter 
for thought in the Poet's so man- 
aging as to prevent such an im- 
pression, I dare say we could not 
find a lawyer of the present day 



12 



Elon College Monthly. 



who could amid the exciting! 
scenes of such atrial conduct him- 
self with charming ease and seren- 
ty as did Portia. 

Shakespeare succeeds well in 
giving to all his characters the 
noblest qualities designed for that 
particular sex. 

Next and last let us consider the 
character of Shylock, the Jew. 
Individually he is the character of 
the play; and exhibits more of 
mastership than all the others. 
While in the character of Portia is 
centred the beauty of the play so 
in Shylock is centered the strength. 
He is a standing marvel of power 
and scoping in the dramatic art. 
Shakespear had uo easy task in 
filling with individual life and pe- 
culiarity the brood, strong outlines 
of national character in its most 
volting form. Shylock is indeed 
a type of national sufferings nat- 
ional sympathies, national antipa- 
thies. In his hard, icy intellectu- 
ality and his dry memory — like te- 
nacity of purpose with 9 dash now 
and then of biting sarcastic humor, 
we see the remains of a great and 
noble nature out of Which all the 
genial sap of humanity has been 



pressed by accumuhityd ijijnries. 

"He may b(-! broken, he cannot 
be bent." The o'lly reason he has 
for taking the pound of flesh is, '-if 
it will feed nothing else, it wili 
feed my revenged' a reason all the 
more satisfactory to him forasmuch 
as those to whom he gives it o;m 
neither allow it noi- refute it; and 
until they can i-ail the seal frc^m 
off his bond, all their railings ai-e 
but a foretaste of the revenge he 
seeks. In his eagerness to tjiste 
that morsel sweeter to him than 
all the luxuries of Italy, his recent 
afflictions, the loss of his daughter, 
his ducats, his jewels, and even 
the precious ring given him by his 
departed wife all banish from his 
mind. But to the delight of Gra- 
tiano and others, in the very act 
whereby he thinks to avenge his 
own and his brethren's wrongs the 
national curse overtakes him. In 
standing up for the letter of the 
law against all the pleadings of 
mercy, he has strengthened his 
enemies' hands, and sharpened 
their weapons against himself; and 
the terrible Jew sinks at last into 
the poor, pitiable, broken-hearted 
Shylock. S. M. Smith. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



13 



A TRIP TO RAVEN ROCK. 



It was one bright morning in May 
when a party of merry young peo- 
ple left their neighboring homes 
for a pic-nic at Raven Rock. It 
was a drive of fifteen miles so it 
was necessary to start very early 
in order that we might reach the ! 
rock before the heat of the day I 
should render the journey too diffi- 
cult for the horf^es, especially one 
little round horse which had been 
standing in his stable for some 
time and was not accustomed to 
the sandy country road. 

It was a pleasant breezy morn- 
ing and nature had donned herself 
in a faultless toilet. The air was 
fragrant with woodland scents, and 
the happy birds chattered gaily on 
the slender, waving branches of 
the trees. It seemed that all sur- 
roundings were as pleasant as mor- 
tal man could wish. With all these 
favoring circumstances our happy 
party made nice progress and 
almost before it seemed half way 
we had arrived at the banks of 
Cape Fear River, As we stood 
waiting for the boats to <ake us 
across, we could see the merry 
crowd, assembled on the opposite 
side,* looking anxiously across. 



waiting for us to join them and 
thus make the pleasures of the day 
complete. Just behind them was 
the majestic rock, extending for 
hundreds of yards along the banks 
of the river, towering high in the 
air. It was covered with the most 
magnificent verdure. The beauti- 
ful Ivy hanging gracefully over its 
sides, and the Mountain Laurels 
sending their rich and fragrant 
blossoms up from their string 
hardy plants covered with luxuri- 
ant foliage of surpassing beauty. 
All this, I say, was a grand picture 
to us on the opposite side. A sight 
indeed calculated to make one go 
into ecstacies. The boats arrived 
we all were soon sailing across the 
dark water. This part was not 
quite so pleasant for some mischie- 
vous boy rocked the boat just for 
the fun of hearing the girls scream. 
I'm glad to ^ay we did not sink and 
in a very shoj-ttinie we were across 
and ready for ihe fun. 

After many pleasant greetings, 
we scatteied off to enjoy tlie scen- 
ery, the refreshments and the peo- 
ple. 

It was a most pleasant })lace to 
rest, for the great rock projected 



14 



The Elon College Monthly. 



several feet over our heads making 
a shady retreat and a shelter from 
rain or storm. We could walk for 
a great distance along beside the 
rock with stone beneath our feet 
almost like a paved street. The 

/ morning passed rapidly away, when 
we began to feel that it was time 
for dinner, we found that one coup- 
le of our party, who had the large 
basket on their buggy, had not yet 
arrived. We did not know why 

'Vf?- they were delayed and we were be- 
: ginning to feel a little perplexed 
when we saw them coming from 
>" . beyond the rock. They had crossed 
Vi"- the river some distance above and 
so came up behind the rock. Theii- 
faces turned almost crimson at the 
yells of the crowd welcoming tlieni 
to the pic-nic and to dinner. This 
couple said that they lost their way 
but whether they were lost from 
choice or not is a question still un- 
decided. 

After dinner was over we all felt 
sufficiently refreshed to attempt to 
ascend the rock. A task by no 
means easy, but which could be ac- 
complished by going far to one side 
and going up a little at a lime. 
Sometimes it seemed almost impos- 
sible for us girls to get up, but by 
the gentlemen's assistance aiul by 
catching to trees and shrubs, we 
were at last at the top where we 
could rest under the shade of the 
trees. Now we had found the 
most enjoyable part, for we could 
gather these rare and beautiful 



flowers, and we could look down 
on the sweeping river, and beyond 
it we could see wide fields of wav- 
ing grain, the view was indeed 
beautiful. After the most daring 
of us had visited Peterson's cave 
and gathered large boquets of flow- 
ers, each gentleman vied with the 
other in choosing the most cozy 
retreat for a chat with his girl. 
When these places had been select- 
ed we seated ourselves and began 
to talk. The boys say that if ever 
they were tempted to say sweet 
things to the girls it is at Raven 
Rock, for trulj^ here are all the 
"adjuncts and concomitants to 
courtship." I will not say how 
many yielded to the temptation 
on that day. After we had enjoyed 
two hours pleasant talk we descen- 
ded the rock, not altogether with- 
out difficulty, but with less effort 
than we ascended. Now we seated 
ourselves again under this great 
shelter, and as our time for remain- 
ing was growing short, v^^e were 
more fully prepared to enjoy it, 
since the last moments of pleasure 
are always the sweetest. Several 
couples were sailing up and down 
the river, some with instruments 
of music. The evening was grow- 
ing cool and pleasan-t and distant 
strains of music fell like those of 
an ^olian harp on our eager list- 
ening ears. We felt that thus sit- 
uated we might sit for days and 
take in the never ending pleasures 
of such an occasion, but this, like 



The* Elon College Monthly. 



15 



all other pleasures, had to have an 
end We got on our boat and as 
we sailed away we could but look 
back and think. 

How grand! How majestic! How 
sublime! 



How beautiful! How wonderful 
is the rock! 

"How passing wonder, He who 
made it such. 

Ella Johnson. 



MY DISCOVERY. 



In 1800 when I made my voyage', 
in the Polar regions, as I journeyed! 
over the icy peaks seated on a 
sleigh drawn by 12 noble dogs. I: 
came suddenly to a mountainous 
ridge of ice. Its peaks towered high 
and the golden sunbeams, seemed 
in reflection to blaze and sparkle 
as a flaming forge. With difficulty 
I mounted its summit and checked 
my team for a little rest. I raised 
my head to view my situation, and 
to my astonishment I beheld aval- 
ley surrounded on all sides by ice. 
Nature there seemed changed and a 
robe of verdure clothed the tropical 
plants simihir to my native zone. 
1 decided lo go down and investi- 
gate this clime, with much diffi- 
culty 1 at last found myself there. 
The land was indeed fertile, flow- 
ers in profusion scented the air, 
and the notes of birds sounded forth 
from everywhere, A mild breeze 
swept gently over from the north- 



ern direction, this tempered the 
climate, and it fanned my face as 
a genial Zephyr from the Gulf 
Stream. Proceeding northward a 
few leagues I discovered the mouth 
of a great cave, as it were, breath- 
ing forth this temperate air that 
gave this valley its mildness. The 
odor it bore was so j'crfumed and 
my surroundings were such that I 
almost believed I was dreaming. 
It seemed as light and bright within 
this cave as in the valley where I 
stood, I discovered this to be the 
result of ri'flccted sun rays from 
the icy mountains around that 
penetrated this mysterious cave. 
Being light as it was I decided to 
proceed with my discovery. Cau- 
tiously I ventured in, peering into 
every nook and corner. The sur- 
face which my trembling feet now 
pressed was yiniilar to one 'gray 
rock and they were covered with a 
long downy moss which served as 



16 



The Elon College Monthly. 



a Brussels Carpet, Losing my fear • 
in the surroundings. I hastened on 
and on until finally I paused on the ; 
brink of a brook. It was bedecked | 
on either side with flowers of | 
renowned profusion. Ferns of dif- , 
fuse color stood three and f our j 
feet high like Ostrich plumes. Mag- 
nolias grew in dense thickets bear- 
ing buds snow white and immense- 
ly compounded. Orange blossoms 
shed their fragrance without limit. 
I noticed for a moment the gleam 
of the pearly waters. My vision 
soon broke the surface and I behold 
the little fishes playing as lambs 
in the pasture. They were not of 
our class of fishes but yellow- 
backed with white breasts. Their 
eyes reflected as Mexican opal, 
and their little purple fins were 
ever alert. The sands that lay \he 
bed of this brook, vvere as pure and 
bright as diamonds. The la vn was 
of a black green. Overhead from 
the rocks, above the tops of the 
trees, long erected moss of a light 
green, was suspended. Birds of a 
strange species dwelled here. How- 
ever, their bright plumage and 
melodious song far surpassed the 
mock bird or the nightingale. The 
enchantment of a quartette by four 
of these birds was so superb that I 
stood spellbound for some moments 
listening to the sweet strains that 
trilled from their little throats', 
each carried his individual part 
keeping time with the others that 
produced a harmony that no human 



being can imagine. Their music so 
described a battle, that had I never 
seen or engaged in one, I would 
have known full well its action. 
The snap of the bill, the roar of the 
voice, the enthusiastic time, then 
the steady stand of continual fire, 
followed by a retort so clear and 
plain. All these scenes perfect by 
four little birds. Never has a 
funeral bell tolled with the softness, 
sadness, and melody as those birds 
sung for the dead in the battle 
described. It seemed that they 
gently bore the souls of those dying 
soldiers from the faint and sultry 
battle fields and lay them gently 
upon the down of heaven, invoking 
their entombment by the snow 
white hands of angels. But I must 
pass on, not forgetting hov»7ever,to 
mention a little den as it appeared 
to me in the side of the wall of this 
cave, its entrance of natural archi- 
tecture brought to mind a shrine 
at which all ancient Greek sculp- 
tors might bow. When I stepped 
in my eyes glared, affected by so 
much beauty and I looked up to 
rest them. 

Above I beheld a natural stair- 
way of granite reaching on and on, 
the walls wire smooth and round 
encircling this staircase; on these 
walls suspended pictures all black 
through the ages; representing dif- 
ferent religions, away at the ex- 
tremity of this, it seemed that I 
could hear the chariot wheels of 
heaven rolling over the pearly 



The Elon College Monthly. 



r 



streets. I could hear the mighty { 
clock of time pealing forth the 
meridian of many lives, I could ; 
hear a faint music like the sonn- of i 
angels. How majestically sub- 
lime! What can that be, I said. 
On turning, behold a pit, do'.rn, 
doNvn, down. I could see deep blue 
flames higher, and higher, around 
these flames -was a wide bed of 
coals sparkling with heat, just 
over these coals were some little 
bars, all seemed to be well arranged 
for barbering. I could seo a man 
of large statin-o incessantly stirring 
the coals, and I could hear a con- 
tinuous popping as of hot grease go- 
ing on. I left this den without fur- 
ther discovery and stepped into the 
cave. Suddenly there came a roar- 



ing from the direction I had como 
in previously I soon saw the wind 
wave had turned and with violence 
was coming down the cave, it struck 
me and I knew no more until I 
became conscious, and found myself 
lying peacefully in the Torrid Zone. 
Since I have reflected carefully and 
candidly I conclude there is a long 
cave stretching from the Torrid 
Zone to the Arctic region, and this 
hot air that was driven from the 
hot belt so tempered the mouth of 
the cave in that valley so to pre- 
serve and support vegetation; but 
as to the den, I havn't concluded 
yet. Now I am proud of my dis- 
covery; but sorely regret the loss 
of my faithful dog team in that 
frightful region. W. H. Boone. 



18 



The Elon College Monthly, 



EDITORIAL. 



In the V«sr Fifteen Thoasond, 

This is the age of steam and electrici- 
ty. We boast of our advancement in 
the material, inventive and intellectual 
worlds. The setting of type by machin- 
ery and the recent discove:y of how to 
register an individual's autography by 
means of electricity, a thousand miles 
away from the writer, are wonderful 
feats in our modern times. 

But this is a small matter when com- 
pared what the writer imagines there 
will be in the year fifteen thousand. 
Lend me your imagination, reader, for a 
few moments and let us survey the wide 
field which is ahead for generations un- 
born and unseen to look upon. 

Theie will not be any examinations in 
colleges as we have them to-day, but the 
professors will just look at the students 
and tell what each one's grade is. If j 
a student wants to enter the senior class ' 
when he goes to the University all that j 
will be required is a direct look in ttie : 
face and then the teachers will be able to ' 
ascertain whether he is prepared to enter '. 
that class. Diplomas have almost be- j 
come a nuisance in the 19 century and ] 
blessed be the time when there will not ', 
be needed "sheep skins" to indicate what I 
a person knows, but each individual will 
read the thoughts, feelings and educa- ' 
tinnal capacities of his associates. The 



, professors will rarely enter the college 
j walls as it will not be neces-sary, because 
each teacher can sit in his private room 
I and lecture to bis pupils. 

Say a college in JN. C. wants an in- 
structor in mathematics and it secures 
the services of a genius in California to 
. take the position; he will not be expected 
to move to N. C. unless he desires to do 
j so, as the Universe will be girted witL 
I educational wires of electricity. The 
I developed future is always prophesied in 
the struggling embryos of the present. 

Electric lights will be a thing of the 
past. We will harness the planets to 
light up the large cities. There will be 
no wooden houses as all the forest tim- 
ber will be consumed and the peo2^1e 
will build their residences out of crystal 
and glass. Our j)re.sent mailing system, 
of course, will be abolished as each indi- 
vidual, when he marches in the dining- 
room, will have an opjjortunity of read- 
ing the news of any country, place or lo- 
cality on the globe by simply touching a 
button near his plate, then the latest 
news will appear before him and everv- 
thing will be so complete that if oiie feels 
a little indisposed the symmetrical ar- 
rangement of all material objects will be 
conducive for a good appetite. 

What possibilities await the future can 
scarcely be conceived by the liuman 



The Elon College Monthly. 19 

mind. Physicians will not have ^ny | will place them side by side with man. 
employment in the line of practicing j In the moulds of the present are swelling 
medicine. Drugs will be dispensed of acorns of future forests. All are links 
largely, for we will have but very little in endless chain, forms in endless pro- 
.■^iekne.^s and when anything of this kind cession. 

occurs, the beauties of nature together There is no further wall; nothing but 
with the resplendent workmanship of space before and after us. Civilization 
man will compensate and alleviate all means creating wants and desires. The 
existing pain. When ever t>ie applica- more highly civilized a nation is, the 
tion of drugs is resorted to the result more time it will devote to man's better 
will be this: sure cure without failure. ' nature. The boy or girl is not free who 
Medical surgery is just in its infancy in is compelled to toil from sun rise until 
•this age. In the coming race the ad- the blanket of night envelops him. But 
vancement in this profession will be mar- ' when sufficient amount oi wealth has 
velous and almost Godlike in power. , been accumulated in order that each one 
It will be quite common to dissect the ; may have plenty ol time for reflection, 
patients alive and detect any germs of then, just at that moment he or she corn- 
disease to which the body may be subject mences to live. This is what science 
^J,]_ and invention is doing for the human 

The farmer v.-ill have an easier time family. And it is in these recent years 
than he has ever dreamed about. He that such grand strides are being made 
can sit in his parlor and at the same , in this direction. What science may do 
time be cultivating his crop by machin- : no mortal man can tell, but that she will 
ery propelled by electricity. Hcrses change the conditions of our life is in- 
will be of little import. All the farmer's evitable. The sentiment of laughter's 
work will be very easily done when he iu.spiring music will envelop the homes 
can have all the plowing and hoeing per- of the newly wedded couples. Sobriety 
formed by machinery. A pleasant thing will be married to intelligence, 
it will bo to farm when the farmer can Men and women will understand each 
Ht in the shade and do his work just as other better and married life will be a 



men of other professions do at the pres- 
ent day. The rays of the sun by day 



paradise in all the homes. Lovers can- 
not conceal their faults and evil disposi- 



,i,d tlie moon beams by niglit will be j tions, but they will be enabled to read 
vitilized for cooking the food. What a {the very intentions of the heart. Prac-. 
nice time the ladies will have in those ticing deception will be impossible, 
days of serenity and j.rogressive achieve-! In 4000, John Sanders, (says Mr. 

ments. 

If the past was feudalistic, the future 
will be (k'luociatic. If the past ignored 



and traiiii'l<'d upon women, the future 



Harben,) discovered and put into prac- 
tice thought — telegraphy. This discov- 
ery was the signal for the introduction 
in colleges and schools of science of 



20 



The Elon College Monthly. 



mind-reading and so great by the year 
5000 had been the progress in that 
branch of knowledge that words were 
spol<en only by the lowest classes of the 
uneducated. If a man had an evil 
thought it was read in his heart and he 
was not allowed to keep it. Scientists 
were astonished when a great inventor 
announced that at the height of four 
thousand feet, he could disconnect an 
air-ship from the laws of gravitation, and 
cause it to stand still in space till the 
earth had turned over. Fancy what 
must have been that immortal genius' 
feelings when he stood in space and saw 
the earth for the first time whirling 
beneath him. 

It may be suggested that electricity 
applied in some proper way may eventu- 
ally be found capable of destroying bac- 
teria and microbes, now known to be 
the cause of disease so destructive to ani- 
mal and even vegetable life. The 
future is but the unfolding of the 
effects of the myriad agencies of the past. 
It may, in the broadest sense even, be 
but the repetition, more or less closely, 
of what has already become a part of the 
past, a result of a universal evolution 
which has repeated itself again and - 
again. With millions and millions of 
suns and their darker attendant satel- 
lites, with limitless past and endless 
future time, a universe such as that of 
which we arc a part must have approxi- 
mately repeated itself, even though the 
series of changes or succession of events 
be as unbroken as the time for their 
unfolding i» infinitely extended. 



Yes, there will be instruments so com- 
plete in formation and stiucture that 
direct com-munication with the inhabi- 
tants of the planets will be an every day' \ 
thing. The moon will sing a joyful solo / 
with the modest chorus of the stars twink- / 
ling in the transparent shades of space. I 
Science, Oli science! Immor!:ality, Oh \ 
Immortality! Man is transcendently / 
beautiful, now, as he stands on the brink / 
of eternity and catches the strains of / 
music floating from above, as there sweeps j 
over his soul the splendid consciousness I 
of having done his duty. 

Time with its ceasele.ss ebb and flow 
has rolled on, bearing the centuries on 
her bosom. It was in truth a conflict 
of giants; the past warring with the 
impulse of the future; night striving to 
quench dawn. 

Life will be as beautiful as the glori- 
fied ea.st when the roseate dawn flings 
back the sable mantle 'of night — pure 
as the opening lily jewelled with the 
diamonds of dew — brave as the spirit of 
truth which tlie world can never subdue, 
and gentle, loving, and tender as the 
zephyrs of eve, that rock the roses to 
sleep. 

Some elements are comparatively un- 
changing; the snow v.'ill fall, spring will 
come, men and women love, the stars 
will rise and set, and grass return again 
and again in vast rythms of green, but 
society will not be the same. 

W. 11. ALBf^IQIIT. 



The Elon College Monthly 



21 



PERSONALAND LOCAL DEPARTMENT 



W. H ALBRIGHT, Editor. 



Hssays! 

Seniors!! 

Orations!!! 

"Yes, I guess you are about right 
boss." 

Ask Mr. S. — who answered his 
letter. 

Commencement June the 6th, 7th 
and 8th. 

What are you going to do during 
vacation? 

Have you paid your subscription 
to the Monthly? 

"Good evening, Air. Parks, with 
a graceful bow." 

A prep. (Mr. Y., ) says he is taking 
the A. B. course. 

Rev. J, W. Rawls preached at Bigj 
Falls the 9th of April. | 

Prof. Kendrick preached at Bur- 
lington Easter Sunday. 

You are cordially inv^ited to be 
present at Commencement. 



Rev. W. C. Wicker preached at 
Union second Sunday in April. 

The Lexington Cornet Band will 
furnish music for commencement. 

Mr. W. says that modern history 
begins in the \ear fifteen thousand. 

Rev. R. H. Peel preached at Gib- 
sonville the 2nd Sunday in .\pril. 

At the recent election Mr. John 
I'ook was elected Mayor of our 
town. 

It is reported that Elon shall soon 
have a new livery stable. Good, 
we need it. 

Miss Bettie Graham, a former stu- ^ 
dent of Elon gave us a pleasant call 
during Eastf r. 

Bart says that heis now thinking 
of entering Salem Female Academy 
next session. 

Miss Eula Dixon, on*, of the edit 
ors of the Guilford Collegian, 
attended the Anniversary debate, 
held the 31st of March. 



22 



The Elon College MoN'Tiily. 



Our worthy instructor, Miss Irene 
Johnson, recently visited her sister 
at Durham. 

Hur worthy teacher. Miss Emma 
Harward, spent Easter at her home 
in Chapel Hill. 

Our Matron has been sick for 
some time, but we are glad to say 
she is improving rapidly. 

Hon. E. E. Holland from Suffolk 
Va., will deliver the Literary Ad- 
dress i..t Commencement. 

Who was the fellow that attended 
the Convention of the "Young Men's 
C. P. & Y. V." at Winston? 

Miss Lillie Strowd, who is teach- 
ing instrumental music at Ramseur 
came home to spend Easter. 

English Prof. — "Who were the 
forefathers of the Celtic race? Mr, 
P. replied: "their ancestors." 

Serenades are not quite so numer- 
ous as they were last session. Per- 
haps we are getting more students. 

Young ladies, will you please call 
at Mrs. K. E. Thompson's while in 
Builington. She has something for 
you. 

Teacher on Geometry class— -"Mr. 
S — What is a poly hedron?" 

Mr. S— • "It's a hedron with four 
sides." 

A sign of prosperity. — "It keeps 



three agents busilj^ engaged, both 
day and night to do the R. K. busi* 
ness at the depot." 

Dignity personified — those two 
Seniors who think that by blacking 
their faces, their comple-s.ion will be 
injured. They are white folks. 

The question has thus been asked, 
"shall the Glee Club give a concert 
during Commencement?" The stu' 
dents say Yes. What say the fac- 
ulty? 

Boys, look over our advertise- 
ments before buying 3'our Summer 
goods. Buy from those who pat- 
ronize "us. Young ladies do like- 
wise. 

Ask some member of the class in 
Soph. English to name the three 
theories concerning the origin of 
language. Any of them Vv^ill beglad 
to do it. 

Rev. James Maple, D. D., of Mil- 
ford, New Jersey, has accepted the 
invitation to preach the baccalau- 
reate sermon for commencement. 
We feel sure that Dr. Maple will 
give us an excellent sermon. 

Easter monday was duly observed 
by suspension of college work. The 
boys and girls, from all indications, 
had a pleasant time. At least they 
made good use of the time allotted 
them for recreation and merriment. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



23 



College work was suspended on 
Frida}' the 31st of Alarch, on 
account of the deatli of Miss Blanche 
Long. Nearly all the students and 
Faculry attend-.-d the funeral servi- 
ces which were held at 2 o'clock, P. 
M. 

Prof. S. P. Blair, of Guilford col- 
lege lectured in the chapel on the 
progress and work of the State Sun- 
day School Association. We would 
be glad to have Prof. Blair call 
again and talk to the good people 
of f'lon. 

Would it not be advisable— ves, 
a step in the right direction, to get 
our Campus in a little better dress 
before Commcncemenu. Say, have 
those brick piles etc on North side! 
of the College for instance. A little The death of Miss Blanche Long, 
grading on the walks would also one of our congenial and beloved 



would tell them he wanted to con- 
tribute something to their happi- 
ness, but he made his departure 
without telling what that "some- 
thing" was, and it is rumored by 
the girls he meant his (heart.) Alas! 

One evening not long ago one of 
our aspiring Sophomorts put on 
false beard and w-^nt to the store 
and placed himself in a conspicuous 
position to get introductions to our 
school boys and professors and rest 
assured he accomplished his pur- 
pose, (if he had any,) for two of the 
boys were ardently engaged in giv- 
ing introductions to the so-called 
stranger or Mr. P., from Ctiarlotte 
Quite a volume ol laughter was pro- 
duced. 



help the appearance of things. 

A large audience was present to 
hear the discussion of the Sig-ns of 
the Times Judges— Rev. \V. T. 
Walker, Kev. W. G. Clements and 



students, casts a sad and gloomy 
feeling over our minds. Miss 
Blanche contributed an article to 
the February number of the Month- 
ly entitled — "Beyond the Alps lies 
Kev. W. W. Staley. Question was Italy." which has been compliment- 
decided in favor of the Negative. 1 ^d verj^ highly by other college mag- 
After which was given a social I azines. We miss her ver}' much 
entertainment for one hour, with both in the class room and social 
much pleasure flowing therefrom. circles, and we extend our sympa- 

A certain youngman spent Easter j *^'^' ^° ^^'^ bereaved family, 
at Elon, who was a student in j Much interest is manifested at 
another in.stitution, and it is report- pre-^^ent in the College sports, espe- 

ed that he became "smitten" on cially in base ball and tennis. The 

I 

some of our pretty young girls and j young men deserve credit for the 



24 



The Elon College Monthly. 



work done on the ball ground, with also five good Tennis courts, in 
Messrs B. F. Long and T.L. Craw-j which the young ladies take special 
t'ord as Captains, we maybe sure of i interest. They are fast becoming 
good playing. Elon has as good | excellent players. However "Kil- 
material as other Colleges. Why I dee" holds the championship among 
not make good players! We have j the young men. 



Y. M. C. A. NOTES 



W. C. WICKER, Editor, 



Daring the last month there has 
been a greater interest taken in the 
Association work than usual. The 
attendance has been large and the 
meetings very interesting. One 
young man has accepted Christ 
within the last month. There is 
only one morethat is without hope. 
This one arose at our last praj^er 
meeting, and we most earnestly 
desire to see him led to the Savior. 
The delegates who attended the 
State Convention returned filled 
with enthusiasm over the proceed- 
ings. All seemed to rejoice over the 
conversion of one of our number at 
the Convention. We can all feel the 
life that is imported to the work by 



the delegates. There is a great 
power for good to be accomplished 
by the young men of cur country 
and when they come together for 
the promulgation of the work of 
Christ it seems that the Holy spirit 
sanctifies their hearts to the work 
and great good is accomplished. 

The Association has decided to 
send a young man to the Summer 
school at Northfield, Mass., con- 
ducted b}' Mr. Moody. We expect 
much good to be derived from this 
for we have felt the influence of Mr. 
Moffitt who attended the Summer 
school at Knoxville, Tenn., last 
Summer. 

The Association is doing aconsid- 



The Elon Collbqe Monthly. 



25 



erable amount of work in the com 
munity in supplying teachers for 
Sunday Schools, organizing schools, 
furnishing Sunday School Superin- 
tendents and establishing preach- 
ing points. 

The Bible classes continue to pur- 
sue their course of study with inter- 
est. 

We hope to see the work continue 
to irrow in interest for the Associa- 



tion work is a great factor in the 
molding of Christian character in 
our colleges. This is a time when a 
true culture requires every faculty 
of man's nature to be cultivated to 
the greatest perfection morality is 
rapidly gaining ground in our col- 
lege and ma}' it continue until every 
college student shall be led to 
Christ. 



The PJIlon College Monthly. 



CLIPPINGS. 



E. MOFFITT, Editor. 



Love's season seems to be about 
all the 3^ear round. 

It is always springtime with a 
Waterburv watch. 

History may be called the guide- 
post to the nations of earth. 

Whatever one's lot in life he should 
have ofood deeds to show for it. 

There is only one way to live 
without work, and that is to prey 
without ceasing. 

One is often surprised at having 
bought goods so cheap, until after 
the peddler is gone. 

A hog in a pen never tries to be 
anything else, but the one in a street 
car tries to pass himself off for a 
man. 

One reason why it takes so long 
to save the world is because so 
much of the preaching is aimed 
at the head. 

He who knows he is in the world 
lor a very little while, who knows 
and feels it, strikes for the centre of 



living. He does the little da.il}- 
things of life, but he doesthem for 
a purpose 

Many a woman would like to 
command her husband to do this 
and that, but finds it difiicult to 
rise to the point of order. 

Adeline— "What would you do if 
you were in my shoes?" 

Madge — (after glancing at them) 
"Get about four sizes smaller." 

The man who doesn't love his 
brother on the other iide of the 
earth doesn't lo\e his brother 
on the other side of thes trect. 

The history of the past has been 
recorded that we may know how 
nnd where our predecessors suc- 
ceeded or failed and profit bv their 
experience. 

"Is this a fast train?" asked the 
traveling man of the conductor. 
"Of course it is," was the repl^^ "I 
thought so. Would yon mind m\' 
getting out to see whatit isfastto." 



The Elon College Monthly. 



27 



Great men are the fire-pillars in 
this dark pilgrimage of mankind; 
they stand as heavenly signs, ever- 
lasting witnesses of what has been, 
prophetic tokens of what may still 
be, the revealed, embodied possibili- 
ties of human nature. — Carlyle. 

Johns Hopkins is now open to 
women on some terms as to men. 

•uiiraoAv V. sat.i.io.M Jgair{:).(uV,' s^eaaqj jj 
*..\0U5[ o:) ;ou ;r|igno ax^s Jgtiuiiauios s^%i 
•Avoqaiuos :>i )1j ^a.§ \\^^^^ ^aq hoa ;ng 
'Avot^s 'B JO :;xq %S'eii\ 9i{} s«i[ aqs jj 
•Siiuij.ii?j ii o; s;uao nd:j .la^t'Ai ni^-"- P^Y 
•pija.! AlpBaj^B s^aqs uiaod siqj^ 
Avoqanios ii ;'B }9S Pt8x:[S AVoui[ a /V\ 

'p'Baq .I9I{ no pUlJ^S O^ piJt^ 81(8 JJ 

God be thanked for books. They 
are the voices of the distant and the 
dead, and make us heirs of the spir- 
itual life of past ages. Books are 
the true believers. They give to all 
who will faithfully use them, the 
Society, the spiritual presence, of the 
best and greatest of our raccv — 
Charity. 

Gfammcp. 

Gfammer is not as prosaic as 
some wonld seem to think. In fact 
it can be made quite otherwise. 
The following from a young lady, 
of course, is a very great improve- 
ment upon Smith's Practical, which 
we all studied many \ears ago. 
Thus runneth the narrative; "Kiss 
is a conjunction because it connects 



It is a verb because it signifies to 
act and to be acted upon. It is an 
interrogation or at least sounds 
like one, and is a pronoun because 
she always stands for a kiss. It is 
also a noun because it i.s the name 
of the osculatory action, both com- 
mon and proper, second person nec- 
essarily. Plural number, because 
there is always more thr^u one. 
Masculine and femenine gender, 
mixed. Frequently the case is gov- 
erned by circumstances and light, 
according to rule one. If he smite 
you on the one cheek turn the other 
for a smack also. It should always 
begin w th a capital letter, be often 
repeated, continued as long as pos- 
sible, and ended with along period* 
Kiss might be conjugated, but 
never to be declined." Not to be 
excelled in the passing of compli- 
ments, we present the following as 
the grammatical opinion of a voung 
man who was called on to parse 
w^oman. "AsS a noun, she is the 
objective case. As a pronoun, she 
stands for herself. As a verb, anv 
thing but passive;jmperativemood, 
present tense when she desires you 
to serve her, but subjective mood, 
and future tense when you ask her 
to marry you. As an adjective, she 
is the superlative degree. As a con- 
junction', she is a failure— her sen- 
tences are not connected. As an 



28 



The Elon College Monthly. 



exclamation, perennial. I cannot 
say she is an adverb, for she does 
not modify anything. As an arti- 
cle, indefinite, but worth the world 
to any man. I love her in any mood 



or case, especially the indicative 
mood and possessive case, but 
always in the feminine gender. — The 
Peabody Record. 
A-m-e-n, to the above. 



Advertisements. 



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DR. Gr. W. KERNODLE i Artthae-svere hsm^ jidectiou, undthat <ireid ^is- 

' ease C0N81IMPT5ON, isan.xlous ro make known 

s^Practicinsc i Physician, i^ : ^<» ^^^^ f^-^o^^' p.iii«rersttu> iu«ins of cure, to 

o A t/ ; tUose who dfc«irc IT. h<'. will clteerfiiUy Sf.ii'i (free 

ET^ONCrti-r.ERE, K. c. : of chavf!*!) !i «(u«.s' < it the prescfiyfi'^" u«'d, wliich 

i they will fii«l a buvk c;ur<; for Col>rSL'llPTIOX, 

-^^ _^ ? ASTHMA. CATAKUI?. HUOKOHlTTJi aiul all 

Calla in the countiy prtrnptlu attetv^ed to. ^ throHt an<UuiiK MAL.\«»IES. Jie hop«^s :v!l sut- 

Cere»-s will tvy liis i-enie<ly, as it is iiiv.iUiable. 
Those desiring the yretK-'a-iptioii, which will cost 
them uothiu!?. aivl utav i)r<ive u bl«s--infr., will 
please adJiress, 

KEV. EDWARD A. WILSON', 

Brooklyn. K. Y- 



<3FFrCK OVER THE ORCG STORE. 



FULL LINE OF 

^filMlLY GROCERIES, MOTIONS, LilDiE6' DRESS GOODS a^' SH0£S> 

OUR PRICES SUIT ALL. GIVE US A CALL. 

C- A. BOONE &SON, 

Eioii College, N. 0. 



Advertisements . 



"^Odell Type Writer. 

will Luy the Odhll Type 
Wkitee. with 78 characters 
and <$15 for the Single caf^e Oclell, war- 
ranted to do better work than any ma- 
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Reliable agents and salesmen Wi.nted, 
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For pamphlet giving endorsements, 
etc., address. 

ODELL TYPE WEITEE CO., 
85 ^ 87 Fifth Ave,, Chicago, 111, 



THE 



mi m SEEM !T? 

Hig'hiy endorsed by press and people. 
A sixteeu page jorirna) for city and 
country, farm and lireside, factory and 
counting room. 

SAMPLE COPY FREE. 

Six inontlis on trial twenty-live cents. 
Address, THE ECLECTIC, 

RaijBIGH "N. C, 



FOR SALE. 

Having received throu{>h our adve;- 
tising department the following, %v(- 
hold them for sale at greatly reduced 
yrices. They are direct from the factoriet^ 

One ''&m.mmi:o^M -vmioi^ ne'w 

SOME," Sewing Machi e, price $40 for 

$30. 

One ODELL TYPE WRITER, (double 
case,) price ^.20 for .$18. 

One ^-^"ebS-tei-^SL^ Isiter- 

price $10 for $8. 

One "ROCHESTER" "i'arlor Lfimp 
price §15 for .$10^ 

We pay all charges to your depot or 
express office. Information willbefuj* 
nished, and a full account of the above 
named articles given to any one addres,-^ 

ing S. m. SMITH, 

Man. Adv. Dfrpartinent, 

ELON COi.hKGE. IS. C. 



Advektisemeki^. 



THE 



ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY 



PUBLIvSHEDJiY 

^[HE PHlLOLOGiM, CLiO KM PSlPHELIflK SOCIETIES,^. 

OF ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 



Pure iu tone and coraniendable u aim, it appeals Jor support to the many 
friends of the College, and to all interested in intellectual dev^elopment. 

Never before in its history hiis it been more in need of friends than at pres- 
ent. 

Sead in your name as a subscriber or induce your friend to subscribe and 
thus help to sustain its reputation as a MODEL COLLEGE MAGAZINE 

One copy, one year, $1.00, 

six months, 75, 

Six copies, one year, 5.00. 

Will do well to note that all students are pledged to patronize those whose adver- 
tisements are inserted. 

For further information, address 

Business Manager, 

elon college, n. c. 



AdVEKTISEMEK'TS. 






SOUTH BLOUNT STREET, RALEIGH, N. C. 

It is positively tiie most reliable house ior 



-Sv 



— j^iai^ J 



m 



^» ^ 



CliE 



il|f« 



|i®-8eni] Sample Job, which will be Shipped to you Free of Charge 
Address all orders to D. W. C. HARRIS, Raleigh, N. t . 







'y.VV-j-vV*''''^!' 



ARE ALWAYS IN THE LEAL. 

Their line of clothing is unsurpassed for 

FINISH, QUALITY STYLE. 

Big stock of DRY GOODS, HATS, SHOES always on hand. 

Full stock GROCERIES, HARDWARE, FURNITURE. 

DON'T FORGET THE PLACE. 

JOS. A- ISl-EY & BRO. 

liiiilin^-lOir, IV- C 



Advertisements. 



HEADQUARTERS FOR 

FNE CLOTHING, HATS MD GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS, 

IS AT 



We have the larifest aud finest stock of !NEW Clothing and Hats ever seen in 
North Carolina, and all of the best makes and latest styles. 

We sell SCHLOSS BROS & CO'S. THE STEIN BLOTCH CO'S. Tailor Made 
and STB.OUSE BRO'S., Fine Dress and School Suits lor Men, Progress Superior 
Made aud the Gold Medal Fine Boy's and Children's Clothing in Short and Long 
Pants Suits. 

We have the finest stock of HATS in the city. The celebrated JohnB. Stetson 
"Melville," and the World Renowned $5.00 Yeoman Hat, in all shapes. 

We invite all Elon College Students and Professors to make our store head- 
quarters when in the city. Very Respectfully, 

C. M. VANSTORY &. CO 

Leading One Price Clothiers and Hatters, 
216 South Elm Street. GREENSBORO, N. C. 



GREENSBORO, N. C, 

Offer you the finest assortments and the best selections at the lowest possible 
prices in the city. 

HATS.— The latest styles and best shape. Also agents for the Celebrated 
Dunlap Hats. 

FINE SHOES.— Our ■pecialty. A coisplet* line- the best. HaTe them all 
made and can duplicate any shoe in stock, 

UNDERW EAR.— The best that can be secured. Every suit is perfect. A fine 
ine that will suit you. 

SCARFS, BOWS AND TIES.— They need only to be seen and they sell. The 
prettiest line, the latest styles, the most fashionable shapes. 

COLLARS AND CUFFS.— All styles and latest shapes. All pure linen and 
the best. 

Trunks, Valises^ Iraveling Bags & Umbrella^ 

C^If you can't cad Write aud get aiiy iulunnutiunyou want. buUdfaction iruacsateed. 



Advertisements. 



IlGHT f^UHHIHG 




HEIPEST. 



srO' 



KOR 

Is just being developed, which can be 
carried on at home and will prove very- 
profitable. Honesty is the only capital 
required. 

Full particulars and a free sample will 
be sent you on receipt of two 2-cent 
stamps. No postal cards answered. 
Address GEO. E. KALE & CO., 

RUSHVILLE, OHIO. 



Senri TEM cents to 28 Union Sq., N. Y., 
for our prize gamo, "B!lncl Luck," and 
w!n a Mew Home Sewing BflacJiine, 

1\]Q Mew H orne Sewing Machine Co, 

'f.Lmriif' F05? SALE BY "^uas.tc^- 



H. W. STEELE, . 

Gibso^.^^Ue and Bui-lingtO)i, N. CI 

amnawsKiMiKLna^ ''■*'>''f'*F^"p''F7TririnnTiTiii'Trgr~nrr'aTwtrrTTiTTrTTi'rii rrrnrm-rnnr'ni m iwiwi 

J. A. Loxa, 

ATTORNEY AT LAW, 

GRAHAM, :N^. C. 



DR. GEO. W. LONG, 

Examiner in the Practice of Medicine. 

GRAHAM, K C 



lA' 



PKotograp her. 





Finest 




Work 




At 




^Shovt 




N"otice 


A ' 


Complete j 


Line | 


Of I 


Frames. 


1 



'ShElmsi^^ GREENSBORO N. C 



Adveetisements. 



GMfcE:JE:i%S]BOHO 



^^^ ^^M^M ^AQMIjME 



2.^. 



11 1, U3 ii«D 1131 WEST MARKET St. REENSBORO, N. G 



Satisfaction Guaranteed. 



[ Boys, give your oi'Jers for work to Mr. F. A. Holladay. Consult him for prices. 
0P"rh:*- P.itro!\.if?o ot Collejre Students and Professox-s solictod. 



JOHN M. DICK, Proprietor. 



'navVT /INRC2NTENT15 A HOME WITH THE ROCHESTER" 



"Seeing is Believing. 



99 





And a good lamp 
\yy;!^ mast be simple; when it is not simple it is 
not good. Simpley Beautiful^ Good — these 
words mean much, but to see " The Rochester " 
will impress the truth more forcibly. All metal, 
tough and seamless, and made in three pieces only, 
it is absolutely sa/e asid unbreakable. Like Aladdin'; 
of old, it is indeed a *^ wonderful lamp," for its mar- 
velous light is purer and brighter than gas light, 
softer than electric light and more cheerful than either. 

Look for this stamp — The Roch estbr. If the lamp dealer has n't the scnnine 
Rochester, and the style yoa waut. »eiid to us for our uew illusin'.leci catalogue, 
and we will send yon a Uimp safely by exoreas— your chcioe of ever S^OOO 
varieties from the Largest Lamp Store in the If'orid. 

BOCHBSTSK LABIP CO., 42 Park Place, New Yoric City. 

1^ "The Rochester." 

A I-amp with tne Light of the Morning. i?'or catalogue 
Write ROCHESTER LAMP CO. New York. 



Advertisements . 



(&(^(?} (?> ORDER © YOUR-®i® ®_® 



.^_>^?<«^a^?'^<^ ,^_^/ C-^-^^i^^^^^^j ^y^^^^^^l^-^^d-j ^>'/S-«2 



'i-^e-t^^^d-. 



^e^£>Cia. 



And everything needed in the Jewelrj line from Headquarters. 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 

Best Testimonial — Thousands of Satisfied Customers, 






J^ • {^'^^(X/- (^^^f}^-fodA3^rc-f^ CjC ^:;^<i<«^ti- 



1028 MAIN ST., 



LYNCHBURG, VA. 



W.5. L2NQ, jR.,b.&.5<.,| 

Beivta! Sar^eon^ 



Pir^l7l F S» ^ •''"'''^" ^^^^ (?'REE) on r(^ 



ipi of a t.«u cent stamp. 

Calls in the country promptly attended. \ »^"*-« » *^^t ^^'^ "^'"''^*' 

T^N, - FRECKLES, * FlfirLE-T, 



^JH ^ ^JWl l il^■»^ r an^ m■ MJ^Ml wa^Bl■'M■p^»^ - 



I ELP^RN'/ ^^LLERY, 



HURIiIXfiTON, N. C, 



Is the place fop fifst class 
. PflOTOORfiPHS. 



BLOTCHE/, PLi?CKHE/9b5 6^C. 



lea\ing the skin soft, clear and beautiful. 

Address A. D. STEMPEL, 

60 Ann St., New York. 



>h^ 



t J 



Uo\. ii 



dUNH 



is? 

No. 9. 



rut-; 







lo^. Con?0? iV\oi\tt\ly, 



1 ED BY r\-i E 



Literary Societies, 

Eloiv College, TV. C 



:^- 



1 




EDITORIAL STAFF. 



FRCP HER BERT SCHOLZ, ALUMNI EDITOR 

W.H.ALBRIGHT, M l&S AN N I C GR AH AM 



\'J. C. WICKER 



I'lilliilinjiiui Siiciiitij: 
J. W. RAWLS, 



S . M.SMITH' 



A SSC CI ATE EDITORS. 

I 'till S(>vi*ty: 
E. MOFFITT, 

BU^tilNr -^S MA.:N;AGERS. 



ri-iljh^liiiii Society. 
MISS ELLA JONNSON 



Pt>ii^htUan SoGUty: 



J H. JONES, Miss ROWENA MeFFITT 



1 ! •' 'I 1 ! ' w), E.- iJoi.i- ri r. . 

i \:v Oh W. !;>. Hakxiarj' 

'Die Mi>.-. .■...- .^ ->- >..... -iiu'ilt. irt In.dijl, W. 
A 8f>utht-i)i < 't>Hiii)oiiWfaltt), "\V. . P. LaWrfii' 
IOi>rroi{i.\i.s: -]/.iiL'iijitrt'. W. f\ AVickt'r... 




Ug)IN|E^g, lS)'Et®/\t^TV|E 




MANAGERS: 
M. SMITH, Traveling Agent, 

Miss ROWENA MOFFITT, Soliciting Agent, 

J. H. JONES, Mailing Agent. 



RATES OF ADVERTISING: 

1 I'.i '•(^ 1 i:i-^r>i-i-i,j 1 ^;}-.-)0 I 1 Pat;e, 10 months. 

I " 1 •• 2.50 I * " " " . 

• - 1 •• 1.50 I i '• ' " . 

^ ■• 1 '' 1.00 I i '• " " . 



JjlSO.OO 

22.00 

14.00 

7.00 



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A.2-''ii("- Always notify liiiii of the eliau<ie in your P. O. address. 



Subs3r<ib3i''3 uiill Please pay theip Dues at Onee. 



aTUti)S!N]T<i)' S'li^seTot^y. 




ELON COLLEGE; N. C. 

Klon ("dIJcsv .Mox'rrUiV. 

Kloti OiJIi-yn.. 

Herni'.on Ai Yoisr.g^, Driiiijjjsts, Stu'^ents' Siij [ilies 

'I'. V. 1 (iittr & Cc, Go'icVa) MeiX'lifa.diKe. 

Dr. (i \v. KeimcHo Physician. 

A\'. S. J.(mj-, Jr.. Beiitist. 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

; totMiid & Lonp-. ^urjicon Bcnli.^ts 
.1 U f'lit'lliuni, I'hotufjriii hvv 
.'. A.i^lev \- Bro., General Merchandise. 
('. \'. St'lliirs. Pbutoj^raiihs. 

GRAHAM, N. C. 

.1. A I <ii!^'. Atforne.v at. t.aw. 

In. C. '.\ . I.<)n^-,v;.\;iniiiicr in Prat-tioo ol'.Mcilicitie 

NFAV YORK. 

1 t)l;lle^t<'r l.ami' C(j. 
A. D. Stempel, 
'I'l:(' Ulpans ('lieinical C >. 

RUSHVILLE, 0. 

»:< (). 1",. Kalb & (') 



GREENSBORO, N. C. 

C. ^r. Vanstory \- ).. Clotliier.s aal Hatter.s 
f^. L. AUlcrman, Pliotogrnpher. 
Ciitcliin \- 'u , ]);it1or.«, ( € I'lt-' Nc kwf ar 
E. M. Cildclcujih & Bro., china. Glassware. 
Greenslxiro Steam Laundry. 

RALEIGH, N. C, 

Eolectic. 

D. W. C. Harri:, Steam Dye Worlcs. 

CHICAGO, ILL., 

O K'ii Type Writer Company. 

LYNCHBURG. VA. 

K. 1), .lulin-on X- Son Rartge.s, MedaLs Watch q.-, 

GIBSONVILLE, N. C. 

II- w. Stee!.', Sij/ing Michines. 

BROOKLYN, N. Y. 

|{.v\ . iMu-ard A. Wil.-on. 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

G . \' '■. Morriaia Co. 




THE 



ELOjN COLLIQE M0>iTj4LiY. 



VOL. II. 



JUNE, 1893. 



NO. 9 



NOTICK. 

Correspondents will please send all matter in- 
tended for publication to 

W. if. ALimiGHT. 

Elon Colletje, N. C 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 

(Jne dollar per scholastic year, cash in advance. 
Kemittances tfhould be made imyable to 

BUt:iNl>S MANAGERS, 

of Elon Collejie Monthly, 



MISS DOROTHY DIX. 



What is woman's sphere. What 
place can £.nd ought she fill in this 
world? Must she practice law, 
medicine, or preaching? Some 
sa^' yes, others say no. Mere prin- 
ciple, theory and speculation can 
settle no question. What this age 
demands and what we must have 
is practice — fact.-- ^truths. It is bet- 
ter to have one fact than ten thous- 
and theories. Do you ask then 
what woman can and ought, or 
should do? My reply is study the 
lives of women and see in what 
sphere they have done the most for 
the world, humanity and the times 



in which the\' lived. That we may 
have an example and a fact or two 
over which we may contemplate 
instead of merely speculate. I 
come before you with one of the 
sweetest, purest, noblest characters 
of our country and our century and 
thus giving a single, living, prac- 
tical example ask what she has 
done? And our moral shall be what 
woman, has done woman can do. 
This then is our excuse for the pres- 
ent subject and I beg you, bear 
with me while we study it. 

As one reads and contempl ^tes 
the wonderful deeds and noble 



The Elon Oolleg;^ Monthly. 



achievements of Dorothy Dix one 
can not refrain from saying that 
the age of miracles surely has not 
passed. Let us study for a few 
moments this interesting character 
Miss Dix was born April 4 1802 in 
the State of Maine. Here she lived 
only a short time. Her father being 
of a shiftless, aimless, and wander- 
ing dispOvsition she left her home 
• and put herself under the guardian- 
ship of her grand mother, who was 
a lady of some wealth, sense, fore- 
thought and splendid character, 
and then lived in Boston, Mass. 
She felt that seeking refuge in her 
grandmother's house was the best 
and in fact the only chance of se- 
curing a fit education for herself. 
Very early in life she could have 
lived in perfect ease and comfort, 
but she preferred not to live in idle- 
ness and at ease while she was sur- 
rounded by and was so deeply sen- 
sible of so much human suffering 
in the world. Her grand mother 
too, was a no less thoughtful and 
sympathetic woman and knew that 
luxurious surroundings and flowery 
beds of ease had their evil tenden- 
cies She felt that it was her duty 
to allow no task of Dorothy's to 
be done in a half handed or hap- 
hazard way there was no asteof 
time to be permitted. She was 
taught the nesessity of resolutely 
confronting the world and fighting 



her way with her own resour- 
ces. While, yet a child, this no 
doubt seemed severe and cruel. 
Though in later life, people come to 
be grateful for many things which 
in childhood looked only hard and 
cruel. The day was to arrive when 
Miss Dix in her watchful supervis- 
ion of vast institutions for the re- 
lief of human misery was to prove 
the invaluable benefit of this rigid 
training. Her grand mother w^as 
an old woman and her home was 
grim and joyless Dorothy had 
shelter and education but as for a 
warm heart and loving arms in 
which to nestle and confide this the 
kind heavens did not grant her. 
She began teaching a small school 
for little children in Worcester when 
she was only fourteen. There was 
in those days but one career of inde- 
pendence an accomplished girl could 
look forward to the vocation of the 
teacher. She was much loved by 
all her pupils. Indeed she was an 
accomplished teacher, active and 
diligent. Nor was she satisfied to 
instruct the children of the wealthy 
alone, she knew the importance of 
an education to all and when she 
gazed upon the poor and neglected 
children, it made her heart sad. 
She knew that right then it was iu 
her power to do them some good. 
So she gets permission of her grand 
mother after pleading very faith- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



fully to establish a little school in a 
room over the barn, for these mis- 
erable, idle and ignorant children 
who were running over the streets. 
The children gladly responded and 
it was not to find themselves tor- 
mented with rigid catechising and 
a cast iron drill, but to be taken 
into open arms of love and to be 
ushered into a new world of beauty 
and freedom. Like the feeble be- 
ginnings in another "upper cham- 
ber" in Judea this early attempt 
stretching out a helping hand to 
out cast children, was to leaden to 
far reaching results. 

The little barn school proved the 
nucleus eut of which, in years later, 
tender, affectionate and womanly 
appeals. 

Listen I She saw as a result of 
was developed the beneficent work 
of the Warren Street Chapel- 
How many of us girls to-night 
have it in our power to do some 
good to rescue some poor children 
from vice and guilt as did our hero- 
ine? Indeed we think it is not under- 
stood as it should be what is possi- 
ble for a noble christian woman to 
accomplish in her own way in this 
world. Or it seems to us that we 
should come across a Dorothy Dix 
hi ore often than we do. 

How often it is, that by a sWeet 
smile or a pleasant word or a sim- 



ple kind deed we have such a grand 
opportunity lor doing good. Per- 
haps, we might heal a heart that's 
broken, just by uttering one kind 
and loving word. While Miss Dix 
was yet very young her health was 
indeed very poor and she had almost 
despaired of her recovery. A change 
of climate became necessary. Tho* 
she was conscious of her illness she 
alwa3's wore a bright and cheerful 
countenance and was ever thinking 
of some one who was worse off 
than her self. She was aware that 
she had a mission in this world and 
and was ever praying and hoping 
and believing that she would be 
spared to perform that mission. 
May we not get a lesson from this 
great character? We should appre- 
ciate our health more than we do. 
And not be ready to despair and 
say, "I know I am the most misera- 
ble creature in the world." Just 
pause a moment. Can you not 
always find some one whose condi- 
tion is worse than your own? By 
her faith Miss Dix' health was 
iiestored, and after returning to 
America from Europe, her mind and 
body were still in sympathy- for the 
poor and afflicted especially ths.t 
worst afflicted and most to be 
pitied of all God's creatures — the 
insane. Now are you expecting to 
hear me say that our heroine en- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



tered the pulpit to denounce the siif ' correct idea of affairs till she visited 
lering and oppression of the land, i the miserable places of their abode, 
or that she entered the bar to plead i She raised no wild feminine shrieks 



for them, and so, take man's place 

« in life? If so let me assure you 

before I tell you of her many noble 

deeds. That she did not. But in 



ofhorror when first theabj-ss ofevil 
had opened up before her, but 
patiently explored the depths of the 
interior, sternly shutting her lips 



her own sweet, noble, gentle and i till she could come out again to the 



womanly way she accomplished 
ten thousand times more than she 
could ever have accomplished 
otherwise. Not for notoriety nor 
for honor in this world nor for 
fame did she give herself to spend 
and be spent, but it was through a 
noble self-sacrificing spirit of a 
godly, womanly nature and char- 
acter that she was enabled to save 
thousands from great suffering and 
torture. Seeing how the poor 
unfortunate insane of our country 
were being chained and brutally 
treated in dark prison cells, dunge- 
ones, closets, stalls and half kept 
poor houses, how bodil}^ torture 
was thus added to mental agon^^ 
she determined to lend her influence 
to rescuing this class of poor un- 
fortunates as far as possible, from 
the cesspools of misery, agony and 
woe into which they had been 
thrown. She had heard how the 



light of day to report what her 
eyes had seen and her heart 
had felt. She set herself to work 
writing to the prison authorities 
all over her State, begging them to 
have mercv and pity on their fellovv 
creatures. Now do not understand 
me to say that she entered the halls 
of legislation or that she made sym- 
pathetic speeches for the protection 
of those of her suffering and out- 
raged sex. She did not do this. 
Always she laid great stress on 
preserving her womanly dignit}^ 
and show plainly how easy it was 
to vulgarize alike, a cause and its 
representative by a pushing and 
teasing demeanor. She would iiavc 
her inflilential friends to bring in the 
members of the house, to her own 
parlor. There in a mild and tender 
argument she wrought on tnem in 
every way possible for her great 
desire. The relief and comfort of 
insane were kept chained, beaten i the insane. Will you believe me 
with rods and lashed into obedi- j when I tell yoti the result of these 
ence just as if they were so mauA' tender, affectionate and womanly 
brutes but never could she form a appeals. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Listen! She saw as a result of 
this labor the establishment in our 
land of twenty-four insane asylums. 
These were founded through her 
womanly influence, and I declare 
they stand to-da^- as the proudest 
monuments ever erected to perpetu- 
ate the noble achie\^ments of anj^ 
woman. How many Jjjorth Caro- 
linians knew that this woman was 
the founder of our insane Asylum at 
Raleigh! Again did you ever think 
before but for this woman and her 
influence, the insane of our land and 
country must have been kept possi- 
bly till this da^' in our prisons and 
work houses — houses and arrange- 
ments with rough, hard, brutal and 
inhumane masters, suited only for 
dealing with criminals, out-laws, 
murderers and the like? Yes it was 
by the influence of this noble, gen- 
tle, womanly woman that these 
dungeons of darkness have been 
transformed into homes of light and 
comfort and these beds of agonizing 
thorns have been softened into pil- 
lows of downy feathers. In ten- 
der admiration the name and life of 
Dorothy Dix must ever lie enshrined 
in all our hearts. God bless that 
noble life. On July 17th 1887 
closed the existence of one of Ameri- 
ca's most useful and noble women 



and one of heaven's sweetest spirits 
took its flight to the God who gave 
it. What a host must then daily 
go up to heaven to sing the praises 
of the sweet and noble and Chris- 
tian spirit Dorothy Dix. Nor is this 
all. These homes for the insane 
still stand and are doing their noble 
work Hence years after the great 
men of this and other countries 
shall have died and be^^n forgotten 
the name of Miss Dix will be hon- 
ored, loved, praised, admiied and 
revered — yes to generations j'^et 
unborn. So much for this great 
character. This woman, who was 
ready and willing to utilize the tal- 
ent God had given her, this woman 
who spent her life in doing good in 
the world and who has thereby 
brought more happiness, peace and 
comfort into the world than thous- 
ands of others who have spent their 
time, talent and means in idleness 
or in trying to do something for 
which they were not fitted — this I 
say is such a character as the world 
will ever love and revere and in this 
life there is a true, beautifvl and 
noble lessonfor all women ofto-day 
who may desire to know what 
woman's sphere is. 

Emma Williamson. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



THE TRUE IDEAL OF A NATION, 



When these suggestive words fall 
upon our ears, our hearts naturally 
runtotha fathers of the Republic 
Their noble forms rise up before us 
and seem to pass in timely march 
of successive generations. They 
come from the historic rock of Plym- 
outh, from the ruined forces of RaU 
eigh, from the Divine companion- 
ship of William Penn, from theanx^ 
ious counsels ofthe Revolutioii, and 
from every field of sacrifice, on 
which, in harmony with the spirit 
of their age, they sealed their devo- 
tion to duty with their blood. But 
we are no longer to boast of what 
We are doing or what has been done 
for us. We are to walk humbly and 
think meekly of ourselves. We are 
to increase the inheritance hich 
has been left us, but we are not to 
enjoy it without transmitting it to 
the nest generation, and without 
adding to it ourselves. Let us imi- 
tate what in our fathers was loftVf 
pure and good, ever seeking to 
profit by their mistakes. 



Avoiding, then, all exultation in 
the prosperity that has enriched 
our land, and in the extending influ- 
ence of the blessings of freedom, let 
us consider what we can do to ele- 
vate our character, to add to the 
happiness of all, and to attain to 
to her righteousness which exalt- 
eth a nation^ 

The heart gro s faint at the 
murderous attack upon an enemv 
distracted by civil fends, weak at 
home, important abroad; it recoils 
in horror from the deadly shock 
between children of common ances- 
try, speaking the same language, 
soothed in infancy by the same 
words of love and tenderness, and 
hardened into vigorous manhood 
under the bracing influence of insti-- 
tutionsdra n from thesame ancient 
founts of freedom. Inouragethere 
can be no peace that is not honora- 
ble; there can be no war that is not 
dishonorable. The true honor of 
a nation is to be found only in deeds 
of justice and in the happiness of 



The Elon College Monthly, 



its people, all of" which are incon- 
sislfnt with war. Ke is the true 
benefactor and alone worthv of 
honor who brings comfort where 
before as retc edness, who pours 
oil into the wounds ol the unfortu- 
nate, who feeds the hungry and 
clothes the naked; who enlightenes 
and exalts, b}-^ his virtuous genius, 
in art, in literature, in science the 
honrs of life; who, by words or 
actions, inspires a love for God and 
for man. He is no benefactor, nor 
deserving of honor, whatever ma}- 
be his worldly renown, whose life 
is passed in acts of force; how re- 
nounces the great law of Christian 
brotherhood; whose vocation is 
blood; 1 )iriu mphs in battle over 
his fellow men. 

But alas! How different these 
words from those of a few years 
ago. The time has scarcely passed, 
when men lifted their voices in the 
highest praise of the most valiant 
soldier. When the fair maidens of 
our land would join in the grand 
chorus of "Victory, victory the 
blood}^ field is won." When the 
mother could lull the dear little one 
to slee p ith the enchanting war 
songs. Be it far from me to pluck 
one laurel from the crown of our 
fathers who fought so bravely for 

hat they thought to be the estab- 
lishment of justice, the maintenance 



of honor, the acknowledgement of 
freedom. Honor to the memory of 
our forefathers. May the turf lie 
gently on their sacred graves. But 
glor\' to God for the advancement 
of civilization and enlightenment. 
Thanks be to His holy name that 
we no longer glory in mighty 
exploits of war. That our hearts 
sicken at the thought of shoulder- 
ing the musket to march in solid 
phalanx, in order to bring death 
and destruction upon our fellow 
men. That we no longer desire to 
tread upon the dead bodies of men 
and wade through seas of blood to 
apply the firebrands to beleaguered 
cities. Our eyes are blinded with 
the burning churches, school hovses 
and humble homes of this our fair 
land. Our ears are startled at the 
shrieks and groans of the mothers 
and children driven from the quiet 
fireside to wanderin the wild forests 
to die of hunger and cold. 

We shudder when we think of the 
flood of tears flowing from the sun- 
ken sockets of half-starved eyes; 
the muffled sobbing which speaks 
of vanished hope from millions of 
once buoyant lives; the laughter of 
childhood frozen by an atmosphere 
of dread if not despair. Youth and 
maidenhood unschooled in books; 
bowed with incessant toil, and 
wearied in soul and body, while the 



The Elon College Monthly. 



sun of life is far below the meridian. 
Age, pitiful beyond words, broken 
beneath the burden of fruitless toil; 
health gone, hope vanished and 
home lost. 

We rejoice in the fact that the 
time for blood-shed has passed, and 
that we can direct our thoughts to 
higher and nobler achievements. 
Let us transform all swords into 
ploughshares and all warships into 
peaceful merchantmen. By so do- 
ing we will not only aid agriculture 
and commerce, but we will remove 
all apparent challenge for strife 
and contention. 

The true ideal of nations is not 
to be found in extent of territory; 
nor in vastness of population, nor 
in wealth, not in the phorescent 
glare of fields of battle; not in mon- 
uments of war, though mounting 
so high as to kiss the clouds; for all 
these are representatives of those 
qualities of our nature, which are 
unlike anything in God's nature. 

Nor is the supreme ideal to be 
found in triumphs of the intellect 
alone. Literature and art may 
extend the borders of its influence; 
they may crown it with beauty; 
but they are only accessories. The 
true grandeur of humanity is in 
moral elevation, sustained and deco- 
rated by the intellect of man . The 
truest tokens of this grandeur in a 



nation are in the diffusion of knowl- 
edge and happiness among all its 
people. They are to be found in the 
carrying out of such principles as 
"Equal rights to all, special privi- 
leges to none." 

Let the ideal of a nation be seen 
in the blessings it has secured, in the 
good it has accomplished, in the 
triumphs of benevolence and justice 
in the establishment of perpetual 
peace. "As the ocean washes every 
shore, and clasps, with all embra- 
cing arms, every land while it bears 
on its heavmg bosom the products 
of various climes; so peace sur- 
rounds, protects, upholds all other 
blessings. Without it commerce is 
vain, the ardor of industry is 
restrained, happiness is blasted, 
virtue sickens and dies." 

As the cedars of Lebanon are 
higher than the grass of the valley; 
as the heavens are higher than the 
earth as man is higher than the 
beasts of the fields; as the angels 
are higher than man; so are the 
virtues of peace higher than the vir- 
tues and victories of war. 

The golden age is just in front of 
us. Great questions once fraught 
with strife are now determined by 
arbitration or mediation. Great 
political movements which only a 
few short years ago must have led 
to forcible rebellion, are now con- 



The Elox College Monthly. 9 



ducted by peaceful stipulations ;in the expansion of his affections. 
Literature, the press and various ' in his devotion tothehighest truth, 
societies all join in the holy work in his apj^reciation of true great- 
of inculcating good will to man. ness. Then the temple of honor 
Genius can never be so promethean shall h^ surrounded by the temple 
as when it bears the heavenly flame of concord, so that the former can 
of love to the humble fireside. j be entered only through the portals 

Now. above all, let us make our of the latter; thehorn ofabundance 
n£ition a sacred Delos. Thtn insti- shall .overflow at its gates; the 
tutions of science and lerirning will ' angel (jf religion shall be guided 
crown every hill-top; hospitals for over its steps of flashing adamant, 
the sick and unfortunate shall nes- 1 while withinjustice, returned to the 
tie in every valley; while the spires earth from her long exile in the 
of new churches shall rise exulting I skies, shall reiir her i^erene and ma- 
to the skies. The whole land shall jestic frunt. And the future chiefs 
bear witness to the change; art shall i of the repuijlic. destined to uphold 
confess it in the new inspiration of the glories of a new era, unspotted 
the canvass and the marble; the by huma\) blood, s .ail b^ "the first 
harp of the poet shall proclaim it ! in j^eacc, and the first in the hearts 
in a loftier rhyme. Above all, the of their countrymen." 
heart of man shall bear witness to] E. Moffitt. 

it in the elevation of his sentiments 



10 



The Elon College Monthly. 



THE OUTLOOK OF MISSIONS. 



The most encouraging feature in 
the progress of missionary work is 
to be found by noticing the changes 
of the past century which have 
brought the people of different na- 
tions into closer touch with one 
another. It is also noticeable too, 
that everywhere in Christendom, 
alongside with the great strides 
that are being made in all phases 
of human activity, thtre is a strong 
and growing love for missions. 

The Christian world inspired as 
it were to a breathless emulation 
of effort, precipitates itself upon 
the tribes encompassed with the 
night of heathenism, and above all 
upon those places which have hith- 
erto been counted the darkest. 
Hind ranees which a generation ago 
seemed an inseparable barrier in the 
way of Christianizing the heathen 
have been taken away. Science, 
romantic love of inspiration, cul- 
ture, colonial and commercial de- 
velopment are proving a means to 
this great end, highways for the 
feet of the messengers of peace. 



There is nothing more fundamental 
touching the circumstances which 
affect all human beings than time 
and space. Theconditions of all hu- 
man activities and relationships. 
Steam and electricity, by materially 
changing these two great factors, 
that enter into the lives of men, 
have had an influence in civilizing 
the modern world that nothing else 
could have accomplished. It is as 
if the earth had been, in two or 
three generations, reduced to a 
smaller scale and set to spinning 
on its axis at a far greater speed; 
bringing men of different nations 
into closer relations; quickening, 
in a wonderful manner, materially, 
socially and spiritualy the rate of 
the world's progress. By reason of 
the increased ease of communica- 
tion new ideas are more readily 
grasped by the minds of men; pub 
lie opinion more quickly formed 
and more readily expressed. Both 
thought and action are stimulated 
and great changes of ever}' kind are 
effected in as manv vears as once 



The Elon College Monthly. 



11 



would have required generations i and electricity. There is also great 
or eveii centuries. Still these quick- j significance in the tendency toward 
ening processes are not yet com- 1 centralization which is seen in the 
pleted nor their results fully appar- ; progress of science. By perfecting 
ent. Science is daily making easier the press it has popularized knowl- 
the conquest of space, and there is ledge and powerfully stimulated the 
great reason to believe that the vie- : mind by means of labor saving ap- 
tories of electricity are only well ! pliances it has revolutionized the 



begun. Time saving methods and 
appliances now crowd into a day 
business which a generation ago 
would have required a week or 
more. .\ little time suffices to com- 
pass great events as well as great 
distances. Thus these physical 



industrial world and added enor- 
mousl}"^ to its wealth; awakened 
new interest on the partof themul- 
titude, and created new problems 
and possibilities of life. One of the 
great services which science has 
rendered has been in clearing: the 



changes will continue to render the world oi a great amount of rubbish 
isolation ot any people increasingly which lay in the path of progress, 
difficult. The one hundred and fif- .\n intellectual revolution is sweep- 



tv million men that have arisen 



ing over the world breaking down 



from a state of vassalage to the established opinions, dissolving 
position ol self governing men with- 1 foundations on which historical 
in the past sixty years; and the in ! faiths have been built. And as each 
creasing readiness ol the partof so- } acquisition makes others more easy. 



ciety to listen to the demands for 
relief made by working men all over 
our country pi oves that a tender 



it is destined to work still grei.ter 

results during the coming century. 

Noble as has been the work of 



chord has been touched intheheart I modern missions it must beregard- 
of humanity which is destined to ! ed as one ot preparation. The Ian- 
give an impetus to this onward I guages of savage people have been 
movement ot spreeiding the gospel j reduced to writing; a Bible and 



among the nations of the earth. 
The pendulum of ages is swinging 
in the direction of closer organiza- 
tion, which movement is greatly 
facilitated bv the increased case of 
communication afforded bv steam 



christian litertiture have been trans- 
lated into tongues spoken by mil- 
lions; schools and seminaries for 
training up a native ministry have 
been established; missionaries have 
learned much of native character 



12 



The Elon Co(xege Monthly. 



and the necessary conditions of 
success. The door "great and effec- 
tual" thus opened to the christian 
church has been only partially en- 
tered. But the work that the stu- 
dents volunteer movement has done 
for missions in awakening interest, 
spreading knowledge and 'pressing 
on individuals their personal privi- 
lege and responsibility in reference 
to the work in the foreign field pre- 
sents an encouraging outlook for 
the future in furnishing trained 
workers. The effect which the 
changes of the past century have 
w^rought on the heathen world 
calls for an observance of the Mas- 
ter's words "lift up your eyes and 
behold the fields for they are white 
already for harvest." Uatilrecent- 
ly the Chinese Empire was closed 
against the Christian religion. Ja- 
pan killed the missionaries who 
first carried the glad news of Salva- 
tion to her shores and sent their 
bodies in sealed barrels to the 
country from which they came. 
Slavery and the slave trade for ages 
proved a great barrier in carrying 
the truth into the heart of Africa. 
For generations Philosophy and 
caste kept the gospel from the 
teeming hordes of India. And un- 
til recently Cannibalism forbade 



the heralds of salvation preaching 
in the South Sea Islands. The Pa- 
pal States, Spain and .\ustria, have 
refused almost up to date to allow 
even a colportcr a Bible to their 
people. 

But what do we see to-day? 
The walls of the Chinese Empire 
have been leveled to the ground 
and the old lethargic Empire is 
heaving with the signs of a new 
life. Japan has thrown open her 
thrice barred gates and is receiving 
all the Western civilization and re- 
ligion. Through the explorations 
of Livingston and Stanly the dark 
continent is being prepared for the 
reception of Christianity. English 
courts and railroads are breaking 
up caste and carrying modern civi- 
lization into the walled cities of In- 
dia. The once impregnable front 
is tottering; heathenish customs 
have been shaken to their founda- 
tions by the christian religion, sum- 
moning men in this enlightened 
land to a task of imposing magni- 
tude. Thus a foothold has been 
gained, a fulcrum found, the great 
gospel lever put into its place and 
the near future will witness the 
mighty uplifting. 

W. D. H.\RW.\RD. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



13 



THE MISSIONARY ADVANCEMENT IN INDIA. 



India is indeed vastly populated. 
It numbers more inhabitants than 
the United States. Canada, Great 
Britain, France. Germany, Turkey, 
and Prussia combined. Should we 
give to each inhabitant of India a 
letter in the Bible it would take 
seventy Bibles to go around. Should 
they join haads and circle around 
the Globe at the equator they would 
make three circles. Let them fall 
in line, one after another, walking 
ten miles a day it would take forty 
years for the procession to pass a 
given point. The wofnen eight 
in abreast would extend across the 
American continent eight times, and 
sad to say that only one in 
six of these have any idea of Chris- 
tianrty whatever. 

Mohammedanism, ^induistll and 
Buddhism are polluting individual 
character, stagnating Christian 
enlightment, and a great shield for 
immoral degredation. Then it is a 
land of error and vice, preeminent 
so the great stronghold of the 
demon to mankind. The English 



missionary work prsctically liegan 
in the last }ear of the last century; 
by private CiTort under the shelter 
of a private flag and the govern- 
ment of a little D.aiish settlement 
the first missionary progress was 
begun. The first Protestant church 
was founded and the first seed of 
civilization sown, but their prog- 
ress was soon impeded b}^ the power 
of the East India Company, favor- 
ing and aiding the native idola- 
try f.nd superstitions and sup- 
pressing all Christian mission- 
ary effort, for such an extended 
period of time. It succeeded in get- 
ting a provision from parliament 
forbidding religious andeducational 
interests. When Cary and Thomas 
reached India in 1793, they were 
subjected to great trials and indig- 
nities by this company. Finally 
they retired in 1798, to a Danish 
settlement in Serampore for the pro- 
tection ol the Danish Crown. Jud- 
son and other missionaries were, 
on arrival, ordered to depart at 
once. 



.14 



Tee Elon College Monthly. 



Sir John Lawrence was Governor Madris, Bombay, and Calcutta, and 
of the Pun-jab when the rebellion all over India the fires of Suttee in 
of 1857-8 broke cut. He in- which thescreaming and struggling 
sisted on favoring missionaries ! widow, in man}' cases herself a 



and the Bible in the schools and 
as a result of this open and 
candid course even in such an hour 
of peril, he bade the missionaries 
prosecute their preaching and mis- 
sionary enterpri.se exhorting them 
that "Christian things done in a 
Christian way will never alienate 
the heathen." 

From this period hence we notice 
marked advancement toward edu- 
cation and Christianity. Scientific 
and biblical truths have been woven 
into the language ot the country 
thus shaking the three heathen 
religions to their ver^- base, and not- 
withstanding the great obstacles 
that were to be overcome and many 
opposing forces. In this short pe- 
riod by earnest and devout labor 
the missionaries have firmly estab- 
lished themselves and enrolled near 
two hundred thousand native com- 
municants for the Protestant re- 
ligion. Truly the number is small 
as compared with the great num- 
ber of inhabitants; but exceedingly 
large as compared to the time for 
work and the cloging obstacles. 

It is said 'That seventy years ago 
the fires of Suttee were publicly 



mere child, was bound to the dead 
body.of herhusband, and wiih him 
burned to ashes. Seventy yeans 
ago infants were publicly thrown 
into the Ganges, as sacrifices to the 
goddess of the river. Seventy 
years ago young men and maidens 
decked with flow rs were slain in 
Hindoo temples before the hideous 
jidol of the Goddess Kali, or haclced 
to pieces as the Meras, that their 
quivering flesh might be given to 
propitiate the God of the soil, v^ev- 
enty years ago the cars of Jugger- 
naut were rolling over India, crush- 
ing hundreds of human victims 
annually beneath their wheels. 
Lepers were burned alive devotees 
publicly starved themselves to death 
children brought their parents to 
the banks of the Ganges and ha.^- 
tened their death by filling their 
months with sand and the water 
oi the so-called sacred river. Sev- 
enty years ago the vS winging i\:<\]- 
vals attracted thousands to seethe 
poor writhing wretches, with iron 
hooks thrust through the muscles 
of their backs, swing in mid air in 
honor of their gods" Such scenes 
that disgraced India .^cventv years 



blazing in the presidency tow ns cljago we now look in vain for, and 



The Elon College Monthly. 



15 



this great revolution is due to mis- 
sionary influence. It was these 
who proclaimed and denounced 
these tremenduous evils. The 
principle work of the missionaries 
has been preaching and teach- 
ing the Gospel of Christ, min- 
istering to the sick and circu- 
lating the Holy Scriptures, thits 
many natives have died with the 
intelligence of divine religion beam- 
ing peacefully on their brow. 
Hereby the missionaries are gain- 
ing the sympathy and favor of the 
nationality. The heathen are rec- 
ognizing that the missionnries come 
from a healthy clime to theirs un- 
healthy-, forsaking friends, pa^'ents 
and countr\'. receiving smaller sala- 
ries than some country clerks in 
Government offices, enduring cold 
looks and suspicious glances ever 
seeming anxious to talk of their 
religion all for good surely they 
conclude that there is truth in 
such earnestness, and become inter- 
ested. 

Statistics show that the per cent 
won for Christ increases each year 
and each decade, and that the pres- 
ent decade will show 100 per cent 
advancement. Thus the great 
movement is silently tunnelling the 
great mountain of Idolatr}'. Hin- 
doo suoerstitions are baffled on ev- 
ery hand by missionary brother- 



hood, and biblical truths are fast 
supplanting and becoming the salt 
of the empire, while heathen mv- 
tliology is b Ing shaken to the 
great centre. Sir Herbert Edwards 
in a speech delivered in Exeter Hall, 
London, said: "Every other faith 
i in India is decaying; Christianity 
alone is beginning to run its course. 
It has taken root, and, by God's 
grace, wall never be uprooted. The 
Christian convert 5 were tested by 
persecution and martjTdom in 18- 
57 and thev stood the test fTtrral^--, 
and I believe that if the English 
were driven out of Indian to-mor- 
row, Christianit}"" would remain 
and triumph." Notwithstanding 
we can't let the mission interest 
rest on this; there is a great Vv^ork 
yet to be done for the heathen of 
India, many vile and sinful tenden- 
cies are against her and the work 
must not be allowed to lag. Two 
great native evils are \'et to be sup- 
pressed, the child marriage and the 
barbarous treatment of widows. 
A prime minister of Indore, a cul- 
tured Hindu, holds that Hindu civ- 
ilization is doomed unless the wo- 
men are lifted out of their present 
bondage and superstition. He 
says "child marriage is no marriage 
at all," that the existence of the 
child widow is one of the darkest 
blots that ever defaced the civiliza- 



u; 



Tira Elo>j" Colle:g-s Mo-vthlv 



tioij of the people. 12,542 irifants 
have been murdered publicly in the 
last 15 years by these uncivilized 
women in their widowhood. Then 
seeing what has been done, what is 
being done, and what may be done 
for the many thousand heathen in 
India, are we not enLJuised to listen 
and heed the great "Macedonian 
cry." Now is the time, theharvest 
is ripe. Thousands of poor heathen 
souls may be saved Irom perdition 
if we will only act now. If we 
can't go and proclaim salvation 



ourselves we can give ol our riiecinr< 
i thus building the bridge on which 
! others may cross the d>:;ep ocean. 

i Sliall not all cl-U':ccloal.soi: sill. 

From tli'j pooi' ;ieit;xie.i".i Iitdw 'oe I'lrivfi.V' 
And for the stiiiitj 1 an I .•iinriu ^uul wiliiiU 
A j)ui-e 3.nd i^p'it.le.si uue o.i ^ive:'? 

Surely God has promi ed it to. 

Now let us With our niojisy l2elx> these 
Wlio shall eurleivor zlie ^imoi 5.in tu close, 

' And ere lon,:^ in those he ith.^a sinful lands 

I Weshall .Srfjt-ijid sirj.j'i t.irja.-;s la chj'istiait 

I bands. 

{ Oh! how celestial 'twill be to know 
That all nations tov/ird i> jd doth go.: 
Oh! how majestic will be that band. 
All mai-Ghiuif to a he.irenly laud, hand in hand. 

\V. H. BooxE. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



17 



A SOUTHERN COMMONWEALTH, 



[Delivprerl at the ;>rd Animal Commencement 
of Elon College, June. lWt3, by W. V. Lawrence 
a representative of the Philologian Societj'.] 

I come to speak to you of a com- 
monwealth whose past history, 
present prosperity and future pros- 
pects should be the pride of every 
one who can claim it as the land of 
his nativity. I come to speak of 
the Old North State, a common- 
wealth that has ever been noted 
for her generous and hospitable 
people, for hcrpatriotic sons and 
virtuous daughters. 

To manv of yuo it is the dearest 
spot on earth, because within her 
borders is the home of your child- 
hood around which cluster so many i 
pleasant memories. Here, too, is 
the old schoolhouse where a ou re- 1 
ceived the rudiments of an educa- j 
tion, the academy and college in I 
which you pursued a higher course 
of preparation for the duties of life. 

It i> within the eastern bounda- j 
ries of this, one of the foremo.st of! 
the Southern states, that the tropi- 
cal climate bathes with its spark- j 
ling dews and fans with its fragrant 



j breeze the fairest of flowers and the 
j most luxuriant vegetation, but 
going westward both the climate 
and the scenery change. From the 
wave-washed shores of the eastern 
bays to the thunder riven peaks of 
west is to be found every variety of 
climate from that of the tropics to 
that of the bleak north. The moun- 
tain scenery of Western North Car- 
olina, justly entitles it to be called 
the Switzerland of the Atlantic 
Slope. 

The products of th^: State are no 
less varied than its climate. It has 
become an old story, that North 
Carolina is the only State in the 
Union that fills every column in the 
United States census blank. The 
diversity of her products is in strik- 
ing contrast with the number of 
nationalities represented in her pop- 
ulation. There is a smaller per 
cent, of the foreign element in North 
Carolina than in any other State 
of the Union, and not a more homo- 
geneous people are to be found in 
this coimtry. 



18 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Rut the State has suffered from 
not duly recognizing and apprecia- 
ting the talent of some of her ablest 
sons, more great men have been 
born or educated within her bor- 
ders than in any other Southern 
State, but the majority of them 
have not been retained. To-day in 
many circumstances in the State 
nearly all the most energetic and 
talented young men are leaving and 
going to other parts of the country 
where they find better inducement. 

This should not be in a state that 
has 4,000 square miles of product- 
ive swamp lands that can be 
drained easilj^ and put into cultiva- 
tion; in a state whose rivers and 
streams furnish three million horse- 
power for manufacturies; in a 
state whose mountain slopes, 
frostless valleys, rolling hills and 
rich alluvial plains are the home 
of the finest grapes, the most deli- 
cious fruits, every variety of cereals, 
and all kinds of vegetables that 
find ready sales in northern mar- 
kets. 

It is with honest pride that I 
speak of the Old North State. Not 
because of any startling event or 
world-famed actions that make the 
course of her development, not 
because of her religious and mate- 
rial deyelopment beyond that 
of anv other state in the 



Union, but because of her prompt- 
ness to demand and maintain her 
rights, because of her substantial 
growth and spotless integrity. 

It is useless to recount the differ- 
ent instances in which North Caro- 
lina has taken the lead in defend- 
ing the cause of the American peo- 
ple, for nearly every school boy and 
girl knows thehistory of the Col- 
lonial Period and the chivalrous 
deeds that characterized our ances- 
tors of the Revolutionary Period. 
The hesitation of the state to break 
the bond of Union at the beginning 
of the Civil War showed the con- 
servative element in the character 
of her people. But when the crisis 
came, the whole state trembled on 
the verge of disunion like a lefJ ina 
raging storm refusing to let go the 
mother plant. The black cloud of 
civil strife rose higher and higher in 
the northern sky; the lights of peace 
had all gone out; wild excitement, 
uncertainty, and conservatism 
fought triple battle in the bosoms 
of North Carolina's bravest and 
truest men; aad the groans of men 
dying on the altars of war filled the 
land with a deeper rage. In this 
terrible moment, North Carolina 
cut the cord of Union and threw 
herself into the refiners furnace. 
She bravely defended the cause she 



The Elon College Monthly. 



19 



Pad espoused but with the surreii- 1 seminaries, colleges and universities 
der of Lee that cause fled forever. ! fort he colored people. The public 



Not with contemot but reverence 
do we look on that dark spot in the 
history of the State. It was the 
shaking of the nation bv the hand 
of a Divine Kuler. It was necessary 
that the wheels of progress be 
thrown out of the old ruts and new 
roads of development be hewn out 
by the coming generations. The 
great majority of our people recog- 
nized this fact and dismissed their 
sectional feelings with the flight of 
the "Lost Cause." It is the wise 
discretion of these, sustained by 
their own capital, that has fur- 
nistjed the chief factor In the vigor- 
ous educational and material prog- 
ress oi the state within the last few 
years. 

By wise management and a judi- 
cious use of the $20,000 annually 



schools in the towns which have 
been much improved within the last 
few years both in buildings and in 
the mode and efficiency of instruc- 
tion, oft'er primary Instruction to 
every boy and girl in the state. 

Turning from the educational 
advantages, let us note a few facts 
concerning the material interests. 

The state contains about 3,600 
miles of railways with an annual 
increase of about two hundred miles 
The railways penetrate all parts of 
the state and are doing more for 
the development of the vast natu- 
ral resources than any other agency. 
They stimulate agriculture, turn 
vast forests into wealth, and give 
life and eneigy to manufacturing. 

All kinds of vegetables and grain 
are profitably cultivated. The 
appropriated by the General .\ssem- annual production of corn is about 



bly the state University now ranks 
among the leading Universities of 
the South. It offers sixty free 
scholarships every \'ear to deserv- 
ing voung men. Of other educa- 
tional institutions, there are seven 
male and co-educational colleges; 
eight femalecolleges, seminaries and 
academies; three military Institu- 
tions of high grade; and no less than 
fiity high schools and academies 
not including the excellent graded 
schools and cities. There are six 



36,000,000 bushels, wheat, over 
5,000,000 bushels, oats, about 8,- 
600,000 bushels. Other grains and 
vegetables are produced in accord- 
ance with their importance as nec- 
essaries of life. The annual produc- 
tion oftobaccois about 76,000,000 
pounds. At 15 cts. per pound it 
Is worth $11,400,000. Theannual 
production of cotton is over 300000 
bales and grade is as good as that 
of any of the great cotton states. 



20 



The Elon College Monthly. 



It is almost incredible that other 
industries besides agriculture have 
assumed equally large proportions 
in a state that was literally devas- 
tated thirty years ago, neverthe- 
less it is true. Without speaking of 
the naval stores, mines, fisheries 
and quarries of slate, sand stone, 
marble and granite, all of which 
are valuable industries, we speak of 
some of the leading manufacturies. 
Cotton and tobacco are more ex- 
tensively manufactured than any 
other native product. The state 
contains 150 cotton mills with 
500,000 spindles which manufac- 
ture 165,000 bales of cotton annu- 
ally. Mo»-e capital is invested in 
the manufacture of tobacco in 
North Carolina than in any state 
of the Union. There are 110 plug 
tobacco factories and nine that 
make smoking tobacco. Durham 
alone sold 11,000,000 pounds last 
year and paid the government over 
$600,000 for stamps. Winston sold 
more, even than that, and Asheville 
sold over 5,000,000 pounds of leaf 
tobacco. 

While the Old North State has 
been busily engaged in providing 
ample means for the education of 
her people and in the development 
of her varied natural wealth, she 
has not neglected her natural health 
and pleasure resorts so beautifully 



located both among the mountains 
and down by the ocean. More 
Head City with its fine hotel and 
boarding houses, and its excellent 
bathing, boating and fishing iaciH- 
ties is fast becoming one of the 
noted watering places of the Atlan- 
tic coast. 

Asheville wdth its pure water, its 
invigorating mountain breeze, its 
adjacent mineral springs and its 
scenery of surpassing beauty and 
grandeur contains the finesjt hotels 
in the South and is destined to be- 
come one of the most noted health 
and summer resorts in America. 

The uniform development along 
every line of material wealth abso- 
lutely proves that men of surpass- 
ing executive ability, — men of broad 
views and sound judgement have 
been at the head of the state sjov- 

o 

ernment. 

Among these no one has proven 
to be truer or abler than Ex- 
GoY. Thomas J. jarvis. "His term 
of six years was ended only by the 
mandate of the constitution." It 
was with regret that the state wit- 
nessed his exit from the lofty posi- 
tion that he had so highly honored. 
It was Jarvis who inaugurated the 
plans which, being carried out by 
his worthy successors, have brough t 
the state to the soundest position 
and to the highest degree of laudi- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



21 



ble prosperity ever known in her 
history. 

Another who has lonp^ been a 
shield to the state and a guide to 
her best interest in Zebulon B. 
Vance. Prohabl_v nom.tn wasever 
so universally loved by any state 
as Vance is by North Carolina. "No 
man was ever such an ensign, such 
an emblem of commonwealth.'" It 
is to such men as these, supported 
bj' a patriotic and energetic people, 
that the Old North State must look 
for her luture wealth, glory, and 
prosperitv. 



Not with languor hut with lire- 
enter her prosperous and hajjjjv 
homes, her thriving towns anTi 
cities. Behold her gohlen harvests 
waved by the purest air oi heaver. 
Bathe on her ijeach £ind drink from 
her sparkling fountains that j^ush 
forth from the mountain sides. 

Stand with the artist among Ikt 
towering peaks as he sketches tl e 
hills of God piled up in grand pro- 
fusion. Heal thy infirmity at lur 
mineral fountains. Prophesy lier 
future and joins us in one grand 
anthem of "Long live the Old 
North State." 



22 



Th£ Elon College Monthly.^ 



EDITORIAL. 



Lianguags. 

There is nothing more essential in ed- 
ucatioii than a thorough knowledge of 
onr native tongue. It is the vehicle of 
thought and the medium of communi- 
cation. With it the world is ruled, 
shaped and developed; without it man 
would be but little more progressive 
than the animal world. Senate halls 
ring with human speech which settles 
great questions that determine the des- 
tiny of nations. With it God speaks by 
his servants to mankind and leads fal- 
len humanity to a higher plain of Chris- 
tianity. Man also speaks through the 
medium of prayer to God and calls forth 
blessings from above. Language is the 
symbol which represents a nation's ad- 
vancement. If a nation is in a high 
state of civilization its language is filled 
with beautiful epithets which represent 
all the attributes of the christian, of 
Christ, of God; but, if in, a state of bar- 
barity, its vernacular tongue represents 
all that is low, degrading and detrimen- 
tal to christian development. 

The mother stills the cries of the 
troubled child by her words of tender- 
ness. The father directs his sons in 
tiie pathway of virtue by his words of 
wise counsel. Friends employ their 
speech to praise friends. Enemies 
marshal their darts of forked tongued 
calumny, vituperation and spleen 



against enemies. Lovers whisper words 
filled with the sweet nectar of love into 
loving ears and thereby form alliances 
that are as lasting as life. 

The tattler by the use of words adds 
to or subtracts from some unauthorized 
stateixient and sows discord and strife 
in the community, and soon makes a 
mountain out of a mole hill. It were 
better for such a j^erson that the power 
of speech had never been given; that 
no sign of a tongue had been granted, 
for such people always work free of 
charge and give their own souls for em- 
ployment. 

The beauties of nature in earth, sky 
and sea can be portrayed by the power 
of speech. Human character with all 
its charms, loveliness or all its black- 
ness and crime is defined, de- 
scribed and made known by our power 
of speech. In order to acquire this 
power we must converse with wise men, 
read good books and periodicals and 
study the various languages from which 
we have borrowed, 

Milton would not educate his daugh- 
ters in the languages for he said that 
one tongue was enough for any woman; 
but he must have meant that one tongue 
was enough for tattlers. Such may 
have been the disposition of all women 
in his age but in this age our noble wo- 
men have something else to employ 



The Elox College Monthly. 



their time, and the women as well as 
men should study all that will aid tliem 
in the power of expression. Study 
Shakespeare, Longfellow and Milton 
for speech sublime, profound, broad 
and extensive but study German, French 
Latin and Greek if you would master 
the English and wield an influence for 
good among the masses. Ttiought with- 
out language to express it is like faith 
without works — It is dead. 

Learn all the language possible and 
in order to make speech useful it must 
be used. Our society halls afford a 
grand opportunity for all who will avail 
themselves of it. Young men can de- 
velop their powers of oratory and young 
ladies can bx'ing the most powerful uses 
of expression by giving attention to 
exercise and practice. 

Then again the Monthly affords an 
opportunity for the influence of the pen. 
liow many when they go out into life 
rind that tuought is dull and expression 
dies away when tiiey endeavor to ex- 
press themselves witii pen and ink. 
Practice will remove all these feelings 
and prepare the mind to think and the 
hand to write. Exercise, practice, use 
the powers of speech and then the world 
will feel your influence. There is no 
good to be done by a a man without 
language, speak either by tpngue or 
pen, or action or example and thereby 
make the world better. It has been 
said that a man is a man for every lan- 
guage he learns and it may be added 
that a woman is a woman for every 
tongue she speaks. W. C. Wicker. 



Valedietory. 

The time has come when we have to 
bid our readers farewell. Our relations 
with the Monthly during the past year 
liave been pleasant to us and we trust 
profitable to our patrons. It lias been 
a j'ear both of prosperity and of adver- 
sity. There have been circumstances 
which cheered us and those which made 
us sad. From time to time we have 
endeavored to make the Monthly a 
true exponent of college ways and col- 
lege talent, if we have fallen short of 
our purpose we ask that our friends 
will bear with us in our weakness and 
criticise us according to our deserts 

The Monthly should be dear to every 
member and friend of Elon College. 
The students should realize fully that 
it is their paper, edited for their benefit, 
and published for the sole purpose of 
stimulating a love of journalism among 
those who have any talent in that direc- 
tion. With this end in view, it should 
always receive the hea ty support and 
co-operation of every student. Let 
every one strive to make it a better 
magazine next year. In order to 
relieve it from financial embarrassment, 
the circulation should be increased. 
During the summer we trust that every 
student will exert himself to obtain a 
few subscriptions. By this moans it 
can easily be placed on a self-support- 
ing basis. Hoping and praying that it 
may have a long and prosperous career 
among its contemporaries, we now com- 
mend the Monthly to our successors, 
trusting that, when another scholastic 



24 



The Elon College Monthly. 



year shall draw to a close, they will be 
able to look back upon their years work 
with that feeling: of satisfaction which 
-'jomes to all those who are conscious of 
having tried to do their dutj'. 

Editors. 



Beauty in Papadise Dost. 

When one begrina the perusal of Para^ 
ili.se Lost, either as a casnal observer, 
or as one who dives for the pearl of 
hi formation, he is, as it were, ushered 
idto an elegantly furnished parlor; into 
one that Milton has spared no pains in 
supplying and adorning-. His atten- 
tion is first arrested by the ease with 
which he is able to move about over the 
deep-j^lnsh carpet, richly enterwoven 
with attractive figures. Thss is repre- 
jseuted by the rythm, the meter, and the 
strong figures of speech whioh holds the 
reader spell bound, and wafts him on 
^.'om sentence to sentence, and from 
|>age to page. 

However, this is all soon forgotten 
and the niind is directed towards 
objects more beautiful. The eye at 
once falls upon the gi-eat number of 
beaiitiful paintings, arranged with 
artistic taste about the room. One of 
the first specially noticed, is a lovely 
oil painting, representing the garden 
of Eden. It is the twilight hour, and 
golden rays of the dying sun are kissing 
gently the highest peak of a distaut 
hill. The warbling brooks, as they 
roll on over pebbles of gold, are made 
to sparkle in all splendor by the rising 
moon and candles of heaven. Fruit, 
pleasing to the eye, and of delicious 
iuivor, swing from tree and shrub. Up- 
on the river's bank, admiring objects of 



beauty, and breathing the air that has 
gathered its odor from a thousand flow- 
ers, may be seen our first parents stroll- 
ing in fond embrace. 

The observer now glances swiftly 
over the room, and views upon the op- 
posite wall an attractive piece of cray- 
on work Fiery steed and war chariot? 
whose wheels drip with blood, tell in 
thundering tones, that this represents 
a cruel battle gi-ound. High in hi.s 
heavenly course, stands the king of day, 
mourning for the dying thousands, 
whose life blood runs cold beneath them . 
Flaming swords glitter with light too 
bright to behold- Boiling smoke from 
the angi-y cannon leads a thousand 
shots to do their deadly work. Giants, 
their arms to earth, they cast; and upon 
the fleeing enemy, mountain crags and 
hills with lightning speed, they hurl. 
Down the ragged mountain flow rivers 
of blood, and stand in pools over the 
plains below. 

Other objects of beauty symmetrically 
arranged about the hall, would be 
pleosing for the guest, but he is invited 
now to a seat. Almost instantly, invisi- 
ble harps furnish the soul with heavenly 
food. Millions of Arch-angels touch 
their heauen-strung lyres, and pour 
their united meledy upon the breeze. 
This, mingled with the voices of an 
innumerable heavenly host lulls the 
reader into the snow white land of 
dreams J. W. RAWLiS. 



Our Future Dcvelopraent. 

It is a characteristic of a i)rogressive 
people to investigate. ' Hence in this 
age of intellectual advancement we 
amuse ourselves by receiving the actions 



The Elon College Monthly. 



25 



of past generations. We compare their 
standard with ours, and then draw on 
our imaginations in predicting the 
future. 

With the revival of learning four hun- 
di-ed years ago, all intelligence was 
turned to retrospection, upon Greek 
and Roman civilization every educated 
eye was fixed until Europe forgot that 
there was a future for human society or 
a law of historic evolution. Scanning 
the horizon of the time, one could see 
no light save the classic after-glow 
saintly reflected from the crumbling 
marbles of Greece and Rome. But in 
this age of modern science, we have 
turned from the exclusive study of clas- 
sic antiquity and are now anxiously 
gazing into the light of the future our 
profoundest curiosity quivering under 
the current of new thoughts and new 
inventions as a magnet vibrates in the 
grasp of an induction-coil. We are 
rushing on at an ever-increasing speed 
into new intellectual achievemnts. 

Moreover, America is under the fur- 
ther stimulus of her own conditions. 
She has no remote past and her vast 
present is felt to be the mere beginning 
of an enormous future. Never before 
has any generation seen so great a nation 
spring into being, or a whole continent 
so speedily recovered from barbarism 
and lifted to our unparallelled height of 
intellectuality No wonder that a peo- 
ple who have witnessed and shared in 
this most enormous and swiftest of all 
national phenomena should strain their 
eyes in looking forward and breath- 
lessly ask, "what next.'' There has 
never been a greater volume of unin- 
spired forecast than at the present 
moment. No department of life is 



free from it. We live in the future 
tense. Prediction is the • hobby of the 
age. Perhaps the weakest point is our 
forgetting the coming of the unexpected. 
One hundred years ago, ^'hen, after the 
Revolutions, the nation-ihad resumed 
their tranquility, what poet's pen or 
pi'ophet's lips could have said that 
"Watts' tea kettle will revoluti jnize the 
world." Not only does ^,he unexpected 
happen, but it often conti-ols, and some 
other tea-kettle than Watts' may blow 
off its lid and demolish p^whole train of 
institutions. Education shares the com- 
mon fate and hence has become a sub- 
ject of rapid change, and of absorbing 
interest as regards its iuture develop- 
ment. The mental experience of a 
Columbia student is very \inJike that of 
a 3'Outh who passed the vafternoons in 
the G^-eek groves listendnigi.io; the unin- 
spired guesses of clas&ici philosophy. It 
is still more unlike the. training in 
arrow-heads of the people who have, 
just proceeded us OTsjthis continejiti;: 
What the Columbian SxAidenLsviU'doby 
the end of the next ce^inny, no one can 
tell. But we believe that science will 
be his watchword and electricity his 
slave. 

Education has always followed and 
reflected the great historic changes of 
society. From the simple teaching of 
savages to the best scientific curreculum 
of the nineteenth century education has 
simply mimiced the last phase of activ- 
ity. Every great settingof the stage of 
life, from Eden to Chicago, has been a 
picture of the thought of the day, and 
one after another all the scenes have 
been a copied by teachers and made the- 
basis of education. Judean Pr<)i)het„ 
Atheniura Prophet, Orator of Rom* 



20 The Elon Co'LEaE M(:)Xthly. 



f'okliers of the middle Ht^es .-inil the man tactics of induction, and inspired by 
of science of to-day each in his turn has the passion of intellectual conquest, 
lianded the people of his day a new cir- What is more peculiar to this age than 
•riculum for youth to be formed by. ; the dashing power of scientific mechan- 
Each contained jin idea necessary for ics? No sooner is a phase of enetgy, 
the piT»dnction ol si>e'ial activities, or («f the great law of its universal eon- 
.^Each in -its turn t^a-s felt to be all-im- servation, marked out in the laboratory 
pOitant and all-sufficient. And one of the Physicist than the genius of some 
■aftd' another all save'the last are pass- mechanic turns it to practical use 
;ingaway. During four hundred years Together they have begun to revolu-- 
men have been trained with their backs tionize the whole mechanical .environ- 
to tlie future. But inthi-s age of science, ment of human life, and they will not 
'education — like a slow-moving ponder- pause till all the material appliances of 
'ous weathei'-vane — has swung around man's industry are brought out of the 
■<and points straight into the future, clumsy archaic form in 'Which this cen- 
And now men are being trained, with tury found them and lifted into a con- 
their faces to the coming light. dition of, even now, undreamed-of effi- 

With all due reverence for what for- ciency and elegant perfection, 
mer ages have done, we still find that When some New York billfoa heir of 
this century has to its credit two intel- the future tires of watching the hurry- 
Icctual achievements so radically new ing crowd pass the ruins of Brooklyn 
in kind, so far reaching inconsequence, Bridge, it may interest him to visit the 
and so closely bound up with the future nearest museum and see those discarded 
of the human race, that we stand as it pieces of early mechanism — the nine- 
were, on the great dividing-line since teeiith century railway locomotive or 
the C'hristian era. It is as if we had the telegraph instrument; for no one 
sailed to the end of some vast ocean can for a moment doubt that long before 
and landed on a n"W world of science. Brooklyn Bridge 1)reaks down all such 
A knowledge of the laws of the conser- mechanical appliances will be sup- 
vation of energy and of biological evo- planted by others of greater economy, 
lution plants humanity on a world of higher efficiency and easier control, 
whose character and extent we cannot. Were we of to-day thrown back only 
even yet, form any conception. It is fifty years, life would seem about as 
true that other periods have excelled archaic as in the flint period. In this 
us in drama, architecture, poetry and brief span the new agr has begun. And 
sculpture. But in the knowledge of the it is science that has worked the mira- 
schenie of creation and the manner of cle. Where are we in this new day? 
unfolding the nature of matter and the Are we still at the beginning or are we 
conversion and effects of energy we rise nearing the culmination? Have the 
to a stature that dwarfs forever the men inventions of the past sixty years so 
of antiquity. Unlil now there never exhausted mechanical imagination that 
was so gi-eat an array of scientists all we are dulled to the myriad possibili- 
marvek usly trained and unified by the ties surrounding us? Can the 7ierve 



The Elok College Moktuly. 



♦•entres of the modeiii mechanic staud 
the constaut drainage of vital energy, 
and still know no faltering. The 
human organism has never been sub- 
jected to a severer test than the study 
of scientilic problems, nor has there ever 
been truer heroes than our investiga- 
tors who never loose heart in a grapple 
with the powers of the universe. It 
requires courage of tlie highest order 
to staud for years face to face with one 
of the enigmas of nature, to interrogate 
patiently and hear no answer;^ to try all 
known methods and weapons of attact, 
and yet see the lips of the sphinx com- 
pressed in stony immobility.: to invoke 
the uttermost powers of imagination; 
to fuse the very soul in the fire of efforts 
and still press the listening ear against 
the wall of science. In these struggles 
man will finally grow weary. The eye 
will fail, imagination fold its wings, 
and the age of modern science perish 
as the day of classic art sank into twi- 
light and darkness. But when? 

Careful survey of this great move- 
ment shows as yet no indications of 
faltering. The march has just begun. 
We are mastering the industrial use of 
energy as fast as we comprehend its 
grim hardships. The domestic arts will 
be refined and delicate. Transit of per- 
sons, comuiodities and ideas must be 
far more swift, safe, and economical 
tlian now. We shall whisper around 
the globe. Energy will be made cheap. 
Flight through the upper air will be a 
daily matter of course. A machine will 
be invented that will compress and sol- 
idify air. Then our crowded theatres, 
churches and lowground cities will be 
supplied with Idocks of fresh air from 



the mountains. A plan will doubtless 
be devised by which a man in a few 
hours may be charged with a thorough 
college education. All of these and 
u:noj.-lj->i jLn: 1 1 !,^ ii i, ,m n tt y (t 
: entered into the heart of man and will 
contrive, all growing out of the consi-r- 
: vat ion of energy. 

The other great secret of nature that 
I we have discovered is biological evolii- 
, tion. And as the future of mau's 
j mechanical iudustry lies under tlie 
1 shadow of the laws of energy, so doc^s- 
I the future of his whole l^odily nature. 
' its health, beauty and organic purity. 
I its strength of muscle, nerve and brain 
I depend upon obedience to the new tabli- 
: of biological commaudments. In his 
i ignorance of human biology, man has 
done very little to protect society from 
i the fatal percentage disease and incom- 
petence. Humanity has staggered, 
. since Eden, under a load of ills nearly 
: all of which miglit have been prevented 
j by an application of scientific biological 
restraints. We have been quick to 
adopt the railways, but we cannot real- 
ize heredity: we have eagerly put our 
ear to the telephone, but have been 
wofully deaf to the voi;*e of science 
whieli is offering to tell us how to make 
! our own children strong and fair. We 
I accept the army of insanity and weak- 
' ness as a burden from Providence, and 
i think ourselves extremely virtuous for 
' wasting a pound of cure when a grain 
of i)revention has been utterly neg- 
' lected. This is the age of energy-, next 
i will be the age of biology. And when- 
ever the popular eye is anoinltd \\ 
the scientific clay half the ills ll.i.i f t ^h 
is heir to will be abolished. 



m 



28 



The Elox CoiLEiE Monthly. 



The forc«5 and principals by whicli 
all of th.e*« things must be accom- 
plished are in nature all around us. 

They were put there by Grod for man. 
And it is man's duty to search them out 
for his own service and enjoyment and 
for the honor of Grod. And when all of 
these laws have been discovered, God 
tli3 mikiir oS tha.u will be more clearly 



seen through nature and his works. 
Then the idea of the God that is seen 
in revelation will harmoniously accoinl. 
And the future age of science will be 
an age of greater reverence for God, 
and the age in which the kingdoms of 
this world will become the kingdoms of 
Christ. J. H. Jones. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



29 



PERSONAL AND LOCAL DEPARTMET. 



W. H ALBRIGHT, Editor. 



Vacation! 

W arm weather! 

Commencement! 

Farewell! Farewell!! 

"Golh", aint that fine." 

Subscribe for the E. C. Monthly. 

Rev. W. G. Clements gave us :. 
visit quite recently. 

Are you a subscriber to the E, C. 
Monthly? If not vou ousfht to be. 



Ask the Seniors what occupations 
the} think they will follow next 
year. 



dticted a series of meetings with 
good results flowing therefrom. 

The Glee Club gave an entertain- 
ment at the Greensboro Female 
College, Friday night, the 5th of 
May, and met with unusual suc- 
cess. 

Dr. Long preached at Union 
Ridge the second Sunday- in May 
at 11 o'clock a. m. Prof Kendrick 
preached in the afternoon at 2 
o'clock. 



The Glee Club gave an entertain- 
ment at Burlington and met with 
ordinary success. Move on, Glee 
Rev. Mr. Coppedge, pastor of the ! ^lub! Move on! Victory awaits 
Presbyterian Church at Graham, ^jj your efl'orts. 



preached for us the 14th of May at 
7 o'clock p. m. 

Debaters for next anniversary de- 
bate. Clio, W. H, Boone and J. E. 
Rawls Philologian. J. M. Cook 
and D. \V. Cochran. 

Rev.J.W. Wellons, of Durham, 
spent a few days at Elon and con- 



Town election— J. M. Cook, May- 
or; S. A.Holleman.J.W. McAdams, 
W. Hufflnes, S. Crawlord and Rev. 
C. A. Boone, Commissioners; Sey- 
mour Williams, Chief Police. 

Rev. M. L. Hurley, of Va., gave 
us an excellent sermon the 30 of 
April at 11 o'clock a. m. He 



30 



Tee Elon College Monthly. 



preached the same Sunday at 7 p.m. , 
also the following Monday night 
at the same hour. 

One of our Seniors has moved to 
another boarding house just across 
the way. He says that he must 
save $5.00 on his board from now 
till commencement to pay his diplo- 
ma fee. (A wise Senior.) 

Misses Janie Price, Emma Har- 
v/ard, .\lberta Moring and Bessie 
Moring went to Union Ridge the 
second Sunday in May. Also Miss- 
es Annie Graham an5 Ora Aldridge 
visited their homes in the vicinity 
of Union Ridge. 

One of our Seniors has become so 
polite and dignified that he was 
seen with two hats on his head the 
other day, and being asked why he 
wore two hats, replied : "I want to 
be doubly polite when I takeoff m}' 
hat to speak to the fair sex." 

Ur, Long gave us. on the 20th of 
May, a historical outline of the 
College since its establishment, and 
it will be recognized hereafter as 
College day, and exercises conduct- 
ed for this occasion in memor}'- of 
the founding of the institution. 

Editors of the Monthly for the 
coming year: Clio, J. H. Jones and 
W. J. Laine. Philologian, W. P. 
Lawrence and S. M, Smith. Psi- 



phelian, Miss l-^lla Johnson and 
Miss Kowena Moffit. liusiness 
Managers for the coming year, '."lio, 
W. H. Boone. Philologian, W. I). 
Harward. Psiphelian, Miss Irene 
Clements. 

All persons, both subscribers and 
advertisers, who are indebted to 
the Elon College Monthly, will con- 
fer a favor upon the Business Man- 
agers by remitting the amount at 
once as this is the last issue of the 
Monthly for this scholastic j^ear 
and if ever an enterprise did need 
money to meet its expenses most 
assuredK' our Magazine does. A 
word to the wise is sufficient. 
Take warning and heed the com- 
mand, 

Sunday School Convention of 
Boon's Station Township was held 
at St. Mark's church the second 
Sunday in May with much good 
resulting therefron. Large num 
ber of the students attended and 
several of our boys made fine 
speeches on the leading topics of 
the dav. Part of our Professors 
were present on this occasion and 
delivered excellent discourses. Elon 
girls made music for the entertain- 
ment of the people. 

The subscribers of the Monthly 
have been promised tencopies each 
during this year, but on account 



The Elon College Monthly. 



31 



of the inability to fulfill this obliga- 
tion now. as oaly nine copies will 
appear, we assure you that it is 
not our purpose to defraud you 
out of a copy and feel sure that you 
will not understand the matter in 
this sense, as undertheexistinsfcon- 
ditions we felt unable to get out 
ten numbers and we propose to 
make this good with the subscrib- 
ers by sending them a number next 
year. 

Friday night the 20th of May' 
an entertainment was given under 
theauspicesof the Clio, Fhilologian I 
and Psiphelian Societies. Vou may ■ 
be sure that it was quite a success! 
being under the manasr^mcnt of' 
the three societies. .All acquitted j 
themselves with honor, credit and ] 
dignity to the institution; and es- 
pecially did the young ladies which 
is a ciiaVacteristic of their life in ev- 1 
ery thing that they vindertake. Ad- ! 
mission fee of 10 cts.. and we think ' 
no one regretted having gone. The 
])roceeds to be divided among the 
three societies. I 

SrECiAi. Offer— I:ach individual i 
who will get six new subscribers 
during vacation for the £. C. 
Mo.NTiiLY. and send the money to 
the Soliciting .Agent, together with 



the names and addresses of said per- 
sons, will receive a 3^ear's subscrip- 
tion FSEE OF CHARGE. Vacation 
is the time to work. Now this will 
be easy to accomplish and we hope 
the friends of this institution will 
take the matter into consideration 
and give the financial part of the 
MoNTHLYsuch an impetus as never 
before known since irs birth. Few 
people, we fear, realize how much 
the Monthly advertises the Col- 
lege. 

The present editors and manag- 
ers feel like they have not, in all re- 
spects, done their duty toward con- 
tributing to the Mo.nthly this 
3'ear, yet feel ^ure that the incom- 
ing ones will take the responsibiltv 
upon themselves with greater zeal, 
determination and enthusiasm than 
the outgoing editors and managers 
and by so doing make the Month- 
one of the very best College Maga- 
zines in North Carolina. Now, 
with this issue, we extend to our 
readers our farewell and hand the 
quill over to the management of 
the new superv sors and make our 
exit. We wish for the Monthly a 
long and prosperous life. Ma}' she 
continue to live. 



32 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Y. M.C.A. NOTES. 



W. C. WICKER, Editor. 



The past session has been a very I 
pleasant as well as a profitable one 
to the Association. The eftorts of 
the young men for Christ have re- 
ulted in about 40 conversions in 
sthe college and in the neighbor- 
hood. 

The young ladies have organized 
a Y. W. C. A which has been very 
interesting and beneficial to them, 
both in Bible study and in 
training for christian work. A 
Junior department has been organ- 
ized for boys, also. They meet every 
Sunday afternoon and conduct 
their own meetings with the assis- 
tance of one of the young men. In 
our opinion, there is no form of 
christian training that is better for 
boys than that of the Junior de- 
partment of the Y. M. C. A. Here 
the boys from six to fifteen years 
old take the burden of christian 
work on their own shoulders and 
are gradually induced to lead in 
prayer, study the important Bible 
characters such as Daniel, David 
and Moses, and to tell what they 
know about these in short talks. 



two or three minutes long. Possi- 
bly there is nothing that can en- 
courage the gray headed fathers in 
Israel more than to see the boys 
preparing themselves to bear the 
mantles that must soon fall upon 
their shoulders Both the Y. M. C. 
A.and.theY. W. C. A: hold their 
gospel meetings every Sunday af- 
ternoon or Saturday evening. The 
six Bible classes of the svvo Associ- 
ations ttieet one hour each week for 
systematic Bible stud3^ 

The leaders of the Y. M. C. A. for 
May were: May 7th, S. M. Smith 
and [. T. Gardner. May 14th. W. 
D. Harward and D. K. Burch. 
May 21st, Prof. R. G. Kendrick. 
May 28th, W. P. Lawrence. 

The following young men have 
been appointed a reception com- 
mittee: Messrs. R. T. Hurle}-, W. 
[. Laine, D. R. Burch and W. T. 
Sears. 

This committee, as Its name im- 
plies, will meet new students at 
the train next fall when school 
opens and make them feel at home 
at once, b}- assisting them with 



The Elon College Monthly. 



38 



tneir baggage, introducing thera to j If you come to Elon next fall, and 
tlie students and faculty, and giv- 1 you are a stranger, look for one of 
iug them information about the [ these young men whom you may 



workings of the College, that they 
are thrown cimons christian friends. 



designate by the Y. M. 
that they will wear. 



C. A. badge 



u 



The Elon Co'.lkie Monthly, 



CLIPPINGS 



E. MOFFITT, E:^iT(): 



A b ishfal vouiig man was escort- 
ing a b ishtul young laily, when 
she said entrealingly: 'Jabez, don't 
tell anvbodv vOii beai;xed mehome. 
'"Don't be afraid, replied he, I am 
as much ashamed of it as you are." 

"Lemme see, convicts are not 
leased out in this state, are they?'' 

" )h, ves, they are, they are the 
least out of any people." 

An Ohio county treasurer has 
embezzled $8,000 and a girl. He 
doubtless took the money to sap- 
port the girl with, which shows a 
grc.'it deal of prudent forethought. 

"A man at the University has a 
c. w one hundred years old. The 
last lot of butter rec<^ived at my 
boarding house evidently ciime 
Irom the University, and was 
made from the first churning of 
that identical bovine." 

F'recklcs will 1 e much in vogue 
t'.is snnimcr. 



There's somethini? about !uy s':^"eeth'^ai•t 

That fills my he irt with alar-u, 
Anrl makes my sint seem hopeless— 

'Tis that ottier fellow's arm. 

! There are 138 American- anrl 21 
English students nttendinglectur s 
; at the Berlin Universities. 

i William .-\stor has signi:ied Lis 
I intention of giving ^l.Oi.'O OO ) t(» 
I establish a negro imiversitv in ( ;k- 
I lahoma. 

I "Professor," said a graduate tr-^- 

; ing to be p.:.thetic at [»arting, "[ 

i am indel^ted to vou for all I know." 

"Prav do not mention such a 

trifle" w?is the very flattering rej fy. 

I'alk about a woman's sphere 

As thoviuh it hat.1 no limit! 
Ther^ 's not a place in earth or heaver; 
There's not a task to mnnUinrl .sjiven; 
There's nut a whisi-er, yes or v.(<; 
Tliere's not a lifeov de.ith or hiitl'; 
There's not a leather's weight ot v.orth: 
Without a woman In it. 

Wills, not N-vishes, makede^tinie<. 
True, a man must desire a thing 
before he can have it; 1 ut their dc- 
siie mu>t ripen into prclere: c 



The Slox CollecjE Monthly 



35 



preference into choice, choice ir.to 
determination and determination 
into ceaselss eflfort. 

Some >?o tocolle.^e to seek after knowledge; 
Some go to Imstle for good of the muscle. 

Tlie wind blowoth, the farmer soweth. 

The subscriber oweth, and the Lord know eth, 

Tbat we are in need of our dues. 
We're not funnin', this tJiing of dunnin' 
(iives us the everlastin' blues. 

One man in 500 in England at- 
tends collei^e, one in 615 in Scot- 
land, one in 213 in Germany and 
one in 2.000 in the United States. 

The boys who take the girls to church. 

May rightly see them home; 
]{ut they who go tliere by tliemselves; 

Should then return alone. 
And still some stan 1 with hat in hand. 

Quite near the exit door, 
Ostensl ily to take them home. 

liBt this occur no more. 

With a man more money means 
more to eat; with a ^Yoman it 
means more to wear. 

Love can never die! My heart beati; loud this 

truth. 
When wildly throbbing in the blaze of youth. 
Or when in calmer moments, pale and cold; 
f read the true inscription of the scroll 
Writ by that (Jod who made me. However deep 

the fold 
Tlie phantom years around me fling, my soul 
Holds fast this truth-'tis writ in letters clear 
"Love her for ayel" 

"Why is Miss B. wearing black?" 
''She is mourning for her hus- 
band." 

"Whv, she never had a husband." 
"That is why she mourns. She 
is grieving over the husband she 
hasn't got. 

A [)rep. fourteen years old, being 
instructed to tell all he could about 
breathing, handed in the following: 



"Breath is made of air. We 
breathe with our lungs, our lights, 
our liver and kidneys. If it wasn't 
for our breath we would die when 
we slept. Our breath keeps li^e 
a-going when we are asleep. Boj^s 
that stay in a room all day should 
not breathe. The}^ should wait 
'till they get out doors Boys in a 
room make bad, unwholesome 
air. They make carbonicide. Car- 
bonicide is poisoner than mad dogs. 
A heap of soldiers was in a block 
hole in India, and carbonieide got 
in that there hole and killed nearly 
every one afore morning Girls kill 
the breath with corosits that 
squeeze the diagram. Girls can't 
holler or run like hoys, because 
their diagram is squeezed too much. 
If I was a girl I'd ratner be a boy, 
so I can holler and run and have a 
great big diagram." 

Some people look as if they were 
walking around to save funeral ex- 
penses. 

Character is the color which runs 
through the acts of an individual. 

A Small Sw.\rm of B's— Be 
Earnest. Be Honest. Be Straight. 
Be watchful. Be Considerate. Be 
Be Amiable. Be True to Your 
Sweetheart. ^ 

The house built Hrmly on a rock 
Fears not tlie roving tempest's shock 
So they whose faith and hope and love 
Are flxed on Christ and things above 
Kemain unmoved— and blest is he 
Whose lielp is found, O God on thee. 

Fahre vYohl! Leb Wohl!! 



36 



The Elon Colle Monthly. 



EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT 



ANNIE GRAHAM, Editor. 



The Wake Forest Student holds 
an honored place among our ex- 
changes, and contains some very in- 
teresting articles, all of which re- 
flect credit upon their talented au- 
thors. This excellent paper has al- 
ways been a welcome visitor at our 
sanctum. Its articles are especially 
interesting because contributed by 
under-graduates for we think the 
success of a college magazine is, to 
a great extent, due to the entire 
body of students. 

Cornell gives free education to 
512 students, for whom $150,000 
is annually expended. — Ex. 

The May issue of the Trinity Ar- 
chive contains much interesting 
literary matter. The article on 
"The Tendencies of the Age'' well 
merits the perusal of every student 
and in are discussed the changes 
which different countries have re- 
cently undergone. This magazine 
contains quite a number of well ar 
ranged articles, and is handsomely 



gotten up and edited in each de- 
partment. 

While Europe has but 94 Univer- 
sities, yet she has 4,753 more ])ro- 
fessors and 41,814 more students 
than the 360 colleges and universi- 
ties ol the United States. — Ex. 

The Wofford College Journal is 
admirably gotten up and its con 
tributions show ca'"e and stud}. 
It is a bright magazine and speaks 
well for its editors and business 
managers. 

A new college has been founded 
at Houston, Texas Mr. Rice cl 
New York, has endowed it v.ith 
$350,000 in cash, land and securi 
ties. One of the most important 
departments will be a polytechnic 
school for men aiid women, in 
which special training in applied 
arts and mechanics will be given. — 
Ex. 

-The Davidson Monthlv reflects 
credit upon its college, and is a 



The Elon College Monthly. 



37 



magazine of no ordinary note. It 
is alwa3's a welcome visitor, 

Leland Stanford University is the 
only one in America giving free tu- 
ition Tn all its branches. — Ex. 

The Carolinian, Georgia Univer- 
sity Magazine, The Guilford Col- 
legian and the Messenger of Rich- 
mond College are among our most 
valued exchanges and reflect credit 
upon the institutions they repre- 
sent. 

Our exchanges will accept our 
best wishes to the students of the 



different institutions which they 
represent, for a pleasant and profit- 
able vacation to all, and to those 
who are about to leave their Alma 
Mater and launch their untried 
barks on the perilous ocean of liie, 
may you do much to aid \ our Alma 
Mater to make the struggle v. i h 
her proud sisters in the race, and if 
she be not the gayest and tfc 
richest, may you do mrch to cai se 
her to be honored ard loved U r 
her cheerlul face and sterling qut-ili- 
ties. 



Advertise STENTS. 



(&(t)(^(i) ORDER © VOTTF? (i) fe) (8 (g) 



-^.^^y <^<5Z^^(<i, ^_^/^C'-e-<i^^ic.-/^^ .,y^-t^-C^:'^-e~d'. \Ly^.-€^^^. 



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And everything needed in the Jewelry line from Headquarters. 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 

J8@"0ur Best Testimonial — Thousands of Satisfied Customers. 



cZ-H^-^ 



f^y l^'C'»t''€^l-9^ 



7 



1028 MAIN ST., ------ LYNCHBURG, VA. 



W.5. L2r<Q,jR.,D.D.5., 

Dental Sar^eon^ 

SX,QN COI,l,EGE, N, C. 

Calls in the coiintry promptly attended. 



HELPgRNV Q/ILLERT, 



BURLINGTON, N. C, 1 

Is the plaee for first class 
. PHOTOGl^flPjiS. 



171^^171 F^ ^ '*^''^^ "'^^^ (FREF) on rt- 
Y W W L>1kW* tfii't of aTA\ct(.iit stamp. 

a r^ipe rc.r a ^'^r'^VEQ ETiSBLE ' 

i/nL.1 1 that -will icn-.uve 

T/IN, * FRECKLE5, - FIMFLE/, 
BLOTCrE/. ^l/:tK^E/lfci €rC. 

leaving the iikiii i?t ft, clear and bfautilul. 

Address A. I). STEMPEL, 

CO Ann yt.. New York. 



Advertisement??. 



^ BUY THE ^K» 




WOODWORK 

AfrAcHiais. 



THE BEST IS THE CHEAPEST. 



Send TEN con*:3 to ^n Union 8q., ►-'• Y., 

Tor our prl:a j^ame, "Blind Luck," and 
win a New Home Sewing Machine. 

The New HomeSewing MachineCo, 

ORAWOF, MASS. 

CAL. 



ILL. ftOSlo^>;?5.;x<;r-=r--^'<^^. 



■'itoox*.'*^ FOR SALE BY 



H. W. STEELE, 

(iii>-rii\ iilf iiinl I5iii li;)jrtuu, .N.<' 



J. A. LOXO, 



A NE\N BUSINESS 

FOR 

JVXen, "Wonaesi and Boys, 

Is just being develope'l, wlii-oh chu be 
vHiiied on at lioiue and will j^i'ove very 
jirotitcible. Ilorn^^ty is the only capital 
re(]uired. 

Full particulai-8 and a free SKinple will 
be sent ycu on ivct-'ipt of two 2 cer;t 
stamps. N() postal cards ausworec. 
A.ldiHss GEO. E. KALB & CO., 

KU8HVILLK, OHIO. 

Pliysician, 

E.\amint-r in the PiacTir-e rif Mf-ili(.'iie, 
GRAHAM. ^'. (,'. 

3 . L. . A 3^ r> ]£ ;^ M A N ., 

Leadirxg © © 
© PKotograpK3r., 



i-!ii.-sr 
Work 

t 
Sin. ft 



ATTORNEY AT LAW, 



GHAIIAM, X.C. 



I 

.A 

or 

Fraincs. 



'Aiu';,!"^:^ sl/^ GRKENSBORn X, 



Alveetisemkn'is. 



m: Eh: ! 




i^,J^^v^i^^4l4 & ' 



Hi. 113 m m V/hSI MARKET St. GKlENSBORO, N C 



Satisfaction Gruaranteed. 

,_ JJoys, giv-eyour or,l-rj for work to Mr. F. A. HoUaday. Consult him for prices. 
y^^" t";ie Patr.iiii^x; of Cul e:e Stuleats and Professors solicted. 

JOHN M. DICK, Proprieto: 



'n<l¥7r ^iSi C2NTEHTIS A HOME WITH THE ROCHESTER" 

"Seeing is Believing." 

And a good lamp 
must be simple; when it is not simple it is 
I not good. Simpky Beautiful^ Good — these 
I words mean much, but to see " The Rochester " 
will impress the truth more forcibly. All metal, 
tough and seamless, and made in three pieces only, 
it is absolutely safe a.nd unbreakable. Like Aladdin's 
of old, it is indeed a "wonderful lamp," for its mar- 
velous light is purer and brighter than gas light, 
softer than electric light and more cheerful than either. 

Look for this stamp— Thb Rochester. If the lamp dealer has n't the genuine 
Rochester, and the style you want, send to us for our new illustrated catalogue, 
kand we will send you a lamp safely by express — your choice of over 2.000 
Jvarieties from the Largest Lamp Store in the IVorld. 

BOCHESTSR LABIP CO., 42 Parli Place, New York Oity. 

^ "The Rochester." 




A L^mp vvnh tae Light o 'the Morning. For catalogue 



Write 



F^OCFHESTER LAT/iP CO New York. 



Advertisements. 



THE 

ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY 

*illLITERARYMAGIlZlNE,>< 

PUBLISHED BY 

H^FHE PHILOLOGIM, CLIO AND PSlPiiELlflK SOCIETIES..^ 

OF ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Pure in tone and commendable n aim, it appeals lor ^support to the many 
friends of the College, and to all interested in intellectual development. 

Never before in its history has it been more in need of friends than at pres-" 
ent. 

Send in your name as a subscriber or induce your fr'end to subscribe and 
thus help to sustain its reputation a^.a MODEL COLLEGE MAGAZINE 

One copy, one year, $1.U0, 

" " six months, '. 75, 

Six copies, one year, 5,00 

Will do well to note that all students are pledged to patronize those whose .idvei ■ 
tisements are inserted. 

For further information, address 

Business Manager, 

elon college, n. c. 



Advetisementr. 



D.W. C. 



i«M^ff| ^^W" '^^04^^^W^ 




SOUTH BLOUNT STREET, RALEIGH, N. C. 

It is positively the most reliable iiouse for 






^.% m' 



"IM. 



end Sample Job, which will be Shipped ti you Free of Charge 
Address all orders to D. W. C. HARRIS, Raleigh, N. C. 



♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^^ 




jrOS. A. ISLEY & BRO., 

ARE ALWAYS TN THE LEAL. 

Their line of clothing is unsurpassed for 

FINISH, , QUALITY STYLE. 

Big stock of DRY GOODS, HATS, SHOES always on hand. 

Full stock GROCERIES, HARDWARE, FURNITURE. 

DON'T FORGET THE PLACE. 

JOS. A. ISL-EYA^ BRO. 

13iiiliiTg:tOii,IV- C 



Advertisements. 



"*OclellType Writer. 

^r\f\ will buy the Odell Type 
^ fc VI Writer witli 78 characters 
and $15 lor the Single case Odell, war- 
ranted to do better woik than any ma- 
chine made. 

It combines simplicity with durability, 
speed, ease of operation, wears longer, 
without cost of repairs than any other 
machine. Has no ink ribbon o bother 
the operator. It is neat substanial, 
nickle plated perfect and adapted to all 
kinds of type writing. Like a printing 
press, it produces .sharp, clean, legible 
manuscripts. Two or ten copies can be 
made at one writing. Any intelligen 
person can become an operator in two 
days. We offer $1,000 to any operator 
who can equal the work of he Double 
Ca.«e Odell. 

Reliable agents and salesmen wanted. 
Special inducements to dealers. 

For pamjihlet giving endorsements, 
etc., address. 

ODELL TYPE WRITER CO., 
85 Si 87 Fifth Ave., Chicago, 111. 



THE 

ECLECTIC. 

HAVE YOO SEEN IT? 

Hijfhly eiulorsed by press and people. 
A si.vteeii patr*^ .journal for city and 
(•((iintry, farm anti fireside, t'uetory and 
counting room. 

SAMPLE COPY FREE. 

Si.\ nioiitliK on trial twenty-five cents. 
Address. THK KCI^KCTrc, 

K.XMtlGJl. N. ('. 



FOR SALE. 

Having received through our adver- 
tising department the following, we 
hold them for sale at greatly reduced 
yrices. They are direct from the factories 

One *«A.MERI©&lt VlSllOm NEW 

mOMMy Sewing Machi e, price $40 for 

$30. 
One ODELL TYPE WRITER, (double 

case,) price $20 for $18. 

One »"e;l3St:er's Inl: er- 
uption til X>iot:ioiiai-2v, 

price $10 for $8. 

One "ROCHESTER" Parlor Lamp 

price $15 for $10. 

I We pay all charges to your depot or 
I express office. Information will be fur- 
I nislied, and a full account of the above 

named articles given to any one address 

inff S. M. SMITH, 

Man. Adv. Department, 
i ELON COLLEGE. N. O. 



)^ \A^E,AjRE STILL ON THE COLLEGE HIl" 

AND ALWAYS (iLAl> TO SELL YOU WHAT YOU NEED IN 

.■■»•■ ■■-•,■. 

"Qry ©ooel^, p>|otion5. 



HSAYY AKP FANCY GKOCEBIBS, 

We are always glad 
=^f^T: to have you call. 



STUDENTS SUPPLIES ^ ^ 
A SPECIALTY 



VERY TRULY 

HERNDON & YOUNO, 



KLON, COLLEGE, N. C 



\?\{^x^mkv\ix\^ \^^v^Vi(iV^ . 




OF :: 

a V. SELLERS, 

J. E. SMITH, Bf!fori Artist: ' 

' . ■ ' ' '■'•''■ i ' ' ' ' . 

.11 workfinSshod with tho/eToalnst eav^, and satisfaction gtianuiteeii. 

luin also prepared to do outsitlfe work. (Viewing) ol'.uiiy kind havinjr supplied myrelf wiib ihc be.-t 
hat rumentw for this liianch of the business. ' 

^•is>; \ .intrhn ha? cliar/^e of ladies who would like to chatnire. dress for fancy picture^'. 
V LAHGBANn,A'^SpBTi;i) STOCK; OFPKaMES ON HA^'D AWAYt^. 



A«k f»c olub prSee?. 






E^nlargiag worfe m specialty. 




w^.. 






c^'^f'^ 



(PCC' J'T^'^f^ 



Adyertisemnts. 



G.MYANSTORY, ^ GO. 

HEADQUARTERS FOR 

Fine Clothing, Hats, and Gent's Furnishing Goods 

We carry all the best makes and latest styles. 

•Veare wholesale and retail agents for the tollo\vin|? manufactu- 
rers and import 3rs. 

The Stein Block Co., Tailor made clothing, SlcolsBros,, S-Co,, 
Hamberger Bro's. &- Co., and Strouse &- "Brothers, fine dress and 
school suits for men, youths and bo}s Manhattan dress shiits. 
M^ilsons Brothers fine neck wear and underwear. 

We have the Largest and finest stock in North Caroliuo. 

All Elcn C ollege I'rofesst^rs and Stuaents >i re requested to make 
our store their heme when iu Greensboro. 

^SUlT/ fl/lDE To ORDER i" ^en days, fit Lruaranteed. 
Everythinjif at t be lowest cash prices, don't fail to see our stocV. 
before you buy. Very Respectfully, 

C. M. VANSTORY & CO. 

213 South Elm St. GREENSBORO, N. C. 

DR G. W. KERNODLE. I ODK. I?. HSdl. Is^OI^I^OAA;^- 

i 

DENTfll. JURQEON, 



PRIIGTICING PHYSIGiM, 



BLON COLLEGE, N. C. ! BURLINGTON, N. C. 

< !alls in country promptly attended to. 
OFFICE AT RESIDENCE. 



HOLT BUILDING, 

Corner Front and Main streets. 



rVjr^. f^ate £. "T^liomp^on, 





Is ivow filled wftK ivfce ^oods. 

Yoa arc alwa/s welcome fjv its parlors. 

^^^ ^^i&'at^^t'r^t?''"'"*^ BURLINGTON, N. C. 




Advertisements. 



MANAGERS: 
W, H. BOONE, Traveling Agent, 

Miss EMMA WILLIAMSON, Soliciting Agent, 

W. D.^HARWAED, Mailing Agent. 



RATES OF ADVERTISING: 

t Pa^e, 1 insertion $3.50 I 1 Page, 10 months. 

^ " 1 " 2.50 I + " " " . 

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Hlon College Mot 
Kl«n College. 
Dr. G. W. Kernoi 

BUR 

Dr. R. M. Morrov 
Thomas & Zachai 
C. F N'eese, Jew< 
.r. A. Isley & Bro. 
B. A Sellara & S 
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.1. A. Long, Atto 
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THE 



ELOJ^ GOLLEQE M0JMTJ4LY. 



VOL. III. 



OCTOBER, 1893. 



NO. 1 



NOTICE. 

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Qf Elon College Monthly. 



The Spectre OF Discord. 



The question, "Who art thou?" 
respresents well the attitude of 
man to man, of class to class, of 
nation to nation. 

Man^' recognize it as one asked 
by Paul when lie was on his way 
to Damascus. There was a sudden 
revolution in his great mind. The 
light that shone about tim and 
blinded him with its brightness 
threw a halo of mellow light upon 
the signboard of life which pointed 
him in a different direction. 

"Who art thou?'' rings out clear 
and forcible on the morning breeze 
of the Brazilian Republic, on the 
noonday calm of the United States 
on the evening zephrys of the Brit- 
ish Empire, the political and social 



scientists would ask "From whence 
cometh this voice" and whither is 
it going!" 

In Brazil it comes from the ad- 
ministration of the government 
and is directed to the ears of that 
grim visaged monster, "rebellion," 
whose 'bride' is "revolution." 

And as the "husband" in such a 
union is generally short lived the 
widow will have a great deal to do 
with the happiness of their poster- 
ity, 'Uncle Sam' is somewhat inter- 
ested, and is represented by a few 
of his war vessels as ushers. While 
the rebellions and revolutions that 
arc the stepping stones in the devel- 
opement of the one great govern- 
ment of South America may seem of 



The Elon College Monthly. 



little importance to us in iifiterpret- 
ing the phenomena in the social 
world, Were it not for the social 
nature and interdependanceof man, 
government, in the common accept- 
ion of the term, would beimpossible. 

Hence, it behooves every individ- 
ual to observe carefully the opera- 
tions of this social, interdependent 
clement in contemporaneous gov 
ernments. Without observation 
and investigation one can never 
make himself as pure an organ in 
the organism of his own govern- 
ment as he should be. 

As the economist sets about the 
study of the situation in Brazil, he 
inquires into the origin of this re- 
bellion. From whence did it come? 
What are the nuclei of truth and 
justice around which the two 
factions, or parties have been 
formed? Have the social nat- 
ures of men on one side been 
polluted with evil more than 
they have on the other? Finally, 
has either side a patent right on 
truth and justice, so that they may 
say we know that we are right and 
our opponents are wrong? Has 
any mortal man, a finite being, ever 
had a hold on justice and truth 
which are infinite, except at the 
tag end? 

In the United States, there are 
apparent divisions in the political 



and social circles. Does not all 
power emanate from one center in 

the social as well as in the material 
world? 

In the material world it comes 
from the sun. Where does it come 
from in the social world? The 
Catholic church which has over 
8,000,000 members in the United 
States cries out to the Protestant 
church and to the government: 
Who are ye? The Mormon church 
which holds in its grasp one sixth 
of all the land west of the Missis- 
sippi, declares that the soverign 
power of the universe is its founda- 
tion, and that it is ttie golden sheaf 
to weich all other sheaves in the 
social and religious world shall 
soon bow down and pay homage. 
It cries out to the beliefs of rrght 
and justice in all other organization 
of men; "Who are ye?" 

The Anarchists are bitter enemies 
to the much beloved principle that 
we are pleased to term human law. 

The oppressed laborer regards the 
capitalist as a wicked, despotic 
whom he would gladly anticidate, 
entangle, and finally put to death. 

On the other hand the capitalist 
regards the laborer with a kind of 
envious contempt and disdain. He 
would not scrapie to place his foot 
on the helpless one's neck, and 
choke him to death, were it not 



The Elon College Monthly. 



that he knows that those toiling 
hands and bus}- feet are the ma- 
chines that search out his treasures 
w hich he himself only collects and 
holds together. 

Why has our Congress, the ma- 
jority of which claims to be stand- 
ing on the same platform, locked its 
own wheels and stopped needed 
legislation? Should not every in- 
dividual attempt a solution of the 
great problem of discord in the so- 
cial and political government of 
the United States? Are not all 
creeds, factions, societies, and par- 
ties composed of beings that we 
call men? Do not all men draw 
their social qualities, their temporal 
life from one common source? Is it 
not the medium through which 
these quantities and elements of 
life are drawn that causes so much 



discord and contention? - 

There are two tests that every in- 
dividual thought and action should 
be subjected to before going into the 
political and social world. If this 
were the case there would be far 
less poison poured into society and 
into politics. The first of these 
tests is, "Is it right?" The second, 
"Will it pay?" Let every man 
subject his thoughts and his actioas 
to these tests and the organism of 
both our social and political gov- 
ernments will be made up of chris- 
tian lives as individual organs of 
the great organism. Then, we 
would see no mean, wicked, antag- 
onistic spirits in the different asso- 
ciations of men that would call 
forth the question. "Who art 
thou?" 

W. P. Lawrence. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Arithmetic, 



There have been some discussions 
recently regarding the propriety of 
advanced and technicj.l work in 
arithmetic. 

Now, we recognize the fact that 
a wise man has a right to serious 
consideration, and in view of this 
I am constrained to think there is 
some cause for alarm. 

Shall we cut out of our study in 
arithmetic everything we shall not 
be likely to put into practice, as is 
suggested? Then, I see that we must 
eliminate the idions of Greek, the 
depths of Latin, the complications 
of chemistry, which we may never 
use. The student often says. Why 
pore over these difficult things 
which I never expect to need? Give 
me a practical study. Yes.givehim 
what he thinks he needs and you 
give him rather an apprentice-ship 
than an education. But to arith- 
metic: My opinion is that arith- 
metic properly studied and properly 
taught does more to develop the 
reasoning faculty of the young mind 
than any one branch in our com- 
mon schools. I don't mean that 



teaching pupils how to. solve prob- 
lems is the thing. Problems are 
only given to illustrate the science 
and furnish material. The student 
is to carvt and shape. When arith- 
metic grows so mechanical as to 
teach children to "do sums," "get 
the answer" etc, then I vote to drop 
it. 

I am constrained to believe that 
the fault is in the teachers. My 
friend Silex in News-Observer- 
Chronicle is Ytry much on the right 
line in saving that mental arithme- 
tic can not be bungled. 

It is bound to be all right or all 
wrong. The teacher that dosen't 
understand it, can't teach it. This 
must be the reason so much me- 
hanical work is shown on exami- 
nations of students entering college. 
Why do away with a science simply 
because it is not properly handled? 
I say in behalf of our young people, 
give us better prepared teachers 
along here, 

I have heard persons converse free- 
ly about the motions of theheavenh^ 
bodies who could not analvze the 



The EroN College Monthly. 



process of long division. (I exam- ticalitj, is an educator, a de- 
ined them.) I call this "'bosh." veloper of the mind: Why then let 
Give us more arithmetic of the it decline? Never. 
oientAl kind, beyond it« prac- , S. A. H, 



Money a Condition of Civilization. 



Money is a standard of ralue by 
which all things that are classed as 
"Wealth are measured, and an instru- 
ment by which wealth is exchanged. 
It is not wealth, but a means by 
the right use of which man can ac- 
quire wealth. It is neither good 
nor bad within itself, but the good 
and bad done by it are the results 
ot its right and wrong use&. Used 
wrongly it vitiates the good in 
society, corrupts politics, poisons 
religion, and destroys civilization, 
but rightly used it is the 
seeker and discoverer of justice, 
righteousness, truth and goodness. 

It is not supposed that money 
can destroy gravitation, check the 
velocitv of the heavenly bodies, 
give to North Carolina the gold- 
beds of California, or the silver-beds 



of the Andean Plateau-; change gold 
into silver, donate to France the 
coal-beds of England, furnish the 
prairies of Illinois with the water 
power that abounds in New Eng- 
land, nor secure to German}^ the 
facilities for raising cotton which 
the Southern States of our republic 
enjoy." The coftee, the orange, the 
banana, -must grow in the warm 
climate of the South, and the great 
pine forests must flourish in the 
chilly regions of the North; how- 
ever, money is a means by \\ hich 
man can grasp science as his com- 
panion and unveil the hidden forces 
of nature, preuenting them to eyes 
and minds striving for truth. 

Money is a means and not an 
end. Imagine a man living in the 
lovlicst spot on the glo])e, sur- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



rounded by the mellodious song of 
the mocking-bird bj^ day, and the 
soothing voice of the whipporwill 
by night. At the foot of some hill 
he may have as much money buried 
as there is in Washington, and at 
the snme time be starving, naked, 
and cold, having none of those 
things necessary to make him a 
true man. But by a correct use of 
the buried treasure he can soon 
possess those things essential 
to his happiness; at once he is 
clothed, lives in a palace, has books 
to read, pictures to inspire and 
elevate thought, instruments to 
soothe him when sad and to delight 
him when gay; and, indeed, sup- 
plied not only with things that sat- 
isfy the physical desires and needs, 
but with an abundance on which 
the intellect may ever feast — a re- 
pository from which may be drawn 
sweetest inspirations of heart, of 
mind, and of soul. 

We need money, we need wealth, 
yes, the nation needs more wealth; 
but we do not want that equal 
distribution of wealth among in- 
dividuals that essayists and poli- 
ticians love to theorize about, nei- 
ther do we want people to become 
wealthy by changing wealth from 
one hand to another. This does 
not add to the prosperty of the 
nation, but stagnates business, cre- 



ates laziness, degrades morals, and 
leaves one rich with all, and 
another poor with none. When a 
man loves money and becomes 
wealthy by making the world more 
prosperous and happy, and not by 
robbing persons of that which they 
have accumulated by hard toil he 
is the true man. But he "who loses 
sight of his duty and strives for 
money without giving its equiva- 
lent in labor or the products of labor 
is no longer a man; birth-right has 
been forfeited, and the God— given 
power or means in his possession 
have been used to degrade his fel- 
lows, instead of trying to elevate 
them from the animal to the divine 
nature. 

"The desire for wealth which 
becomes the spur of the creation of 
more wealth — this should be 
stimulated and rewarded instead 
of being treated as a crime." 
Money is necessary to men and to 
nations, not simply for its conven- 
ience as a medium of exchange, 
but for its value that which we call 
wealth. 

Nature is so ordered and man so 
constituted that fixed capital is 
necessary in order that the world 
may take a step onward and up- 
ward. Man differs from all other 
animals. He is a responsible being. 
Duties devolve upon him and re- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



ward and punishment follow their 
performance and non-performance. 

As an aid in complying with these 
duties the love of money is a requi- 
site not to be sure, a miser's love, 
not covetousness, but a laudable 
desire to accumulate wealth suffic- 
ient to perform successfully his part 
in the world. "The love of money 
is the root of all evil." 

So it is with the love of anything 
that manifests itself as a force in 
the world. 

The love of man and woman has 
been the root of all kinds of evil 
from the beginning of the world 
but we can not annihilate love 
neither can we disregard. 

By mistakes people are poisoned ! 
by physicians; shall we cease using 
medicine? Thousands of persons 
are killed by lighteniug every year; 
shall wc cease to utilize electricitv, 
the force that is rapidly being in- 
troduced in all departments of bus- 
iness of the world? must we extin- 
guish electric lights, burn the tel- 
egraph and telautograph post, and 
turn the wire into ienees, and set 
the world back where it was fifty 
or one hundred years ago? Men 
are falling continually from the 
roofs of houses and lofty precipices, 
limbs are broken and often life is 
lost. What shall we do^with grav- 
itation? Shall we no longer view 



the beautiful scene of the Niagara? 
Shall we stop the water power of 
the world? No, we can not give 
up every thing liable to abuse, im- 
possible if it should be desired, to 
destroy all possibilities of evil to 
do this would be to abolish the 
universe and to do away with it 
forever and forever. Do not try 
to obliterate the possibilities of 
evil, but recognize that all these 
are simply centers and sources of 
power, and train yourself for the 
mastery of these forces that you 
may use them for the benefit of 
mankind. 

It is not altogether the greed of 
misers, the capitalists, the monied 
men, that has caused such an une- 
qual distribution of the wealth of 
our nation. Not these alone are to 
be censured for the corruption and 
putridity that permeate and stim- 
ulate our political aifairs, but. 
equally those that have not yet 
been convinced of the fact that they 
have powers and capacities that 
cannot be put into action without 
the use of wealth. 

These are the prime causes of the 
disastrous' condition of our repub- 
lic. It is the non-performance of 
duty that has resulted in such an 
enormous destruction among peo- 
ple, rather than the increase of the 
millionaires. Thus it is more the 



s 



The Elon College Mokthlt, 



omission of right than the commis- 
sion of wrong that is creating 
trouble in our eGonomic world. 

Let us- wake up and take no 
longer those prolonged naps as the 
earth clinging reptile; but like the 
bird of flight that revels in the fresh- 
ness of the earl}' dawn, let us arise 
and with our faces to the front, 
press on to the goal of our ambi- 
tion. Show \'Ourself a man bj 
your interest in the world's ad- 
-vancement and the prosperity of 
the human race, Seek money as it 
is a condition of civilization- In a 
nation that must spend all of its 
time in providing for the support of 
the body every man and woman 
would have "to work ten hours in 
the day and sleep eight at night, 
leaving no time to use in the devel- 
opment ofthe mind and soul. It 
would be impossible for such a 
nation to rise one step above bar- 
barism. "Mone}' is the first step 
upward on the rounds of develop- 
m?nt, which lead from animal to 
Cod," And why? Because man is 
more than an animal that is to be 
fed, clothed, and protected. Within 
him are those divine germs, affect- 
ion, intellect, soul, and they require 
ior their nourishment and stimu- 
lance, literature, music, pictures, 
statuary and pleasing art in every 
form. He loves beaut}, aodores 



all higher thing of life, and it is 
only when you ascend to this plane 
that you are on the level of a true 
man. 

The world owes to the geniuses 
that have sprung «p as if favored 
by the divine hand, and have sown 
seeds of civilization, its highest re- 
gards and gratitude for its now- 
prosperous condition. Where 
would we have been to-day but 
for them? 

How poor! but for the presence 
of those marvelous minds in which 
divine inspiration has taken up hec 
habitation, from there to feed the 
world forever with the riches of 
undj'ing truth — Recognizing the 
condition ofthe world blessed by 
their presence, and catching a faint 
idea of what it would have been 
without them — let hand grasp 
hand, let heart beat to heart, and 
with united voices let us sing praises 
to their memory and thanks to 
God for his eternal goodness. Had 
it been that Homer, Shakespeare, 
Milton, Edison, Luther, Moore, 
Franklin, and all the discoverers 
and inventors of the world, who 
ascended the heights of knowledge, 
lighting the way for those from the 
valley of ignorance, could not have 
been released from that drudgery 
and toil which would have made it 
impossible for them to cultivate that 



The Elox College Monthly. 



13 



sion, the possibility oi its SA^raet- 
rical sweep be not hopelessly de- 
stroyed. 

"'tiacli IS the patriots boast where'ere 
we roam. 

His first l)HSt country ever isathome." 

When we talk of the desirableness 
of" including all the world in our 
sympathies, we ought to bear in 
mind that — "that man's the best 
cosmopolite. 

'"Who loves his native country best." 

And when we would claim to 
have charity for all creeds and 
opinions alike,, we ought not to 
forget that charit}- is an impossibil- 
ity to those who are without con- 
victions. Indifference is essentially 
contrary to charity. One must 
have a center of personal attach- 
ments, before he can have a circum- 
ference of sympathy, or charity 
kito w'hich he may sweep freely. 
No man can be liberal in his views 
of truth unless he believes somethiug 
with all his heart. And he who 
is most firmly held to his own fixed 
center of affections and opinions, is 
t'lc man most likely to cover an 
extended area in his range of 
thought and active work. 

There is such a thing as confirn- 
ing one's affections and thoughts 
and activities within too limited a 
circumference; like Burke, accord- 
ing to Goldsmith. 

"Who born for the universe, nar- 



rowed his mind, and too partly 
gave up what was meant for man- 
kind:" and that is a danger to be 
jealousK'' guarded against. But 
there is not such a thing as having 
a circumference without a center, 
or as wisely breaking loose from 
from one's center in order to expand 
his circumference. Hence while all 
of us may recognize the importance 
of enlarging our circumference to 
the fullest, w^e must not be misled 
into ignoring the importance ofthe 
center from which we are to enlarge. 
An individual must have a purpose 
in life, and make every thought ^^ 
every act in his life move in har- 
mony with that fixed center; other- 
wise the lines of the circumference 
of his life begin to cross and con- 
tradict each other, and it being im- 
possible to restore order, it writes 
its own condemnation: "And thy 
life shall hang in doubt before thee; 
and thou shalt fear day and night. 
and shalt have none assurance of 
thy life;" 

[Deut. ck. 28. v. 66.— You may 
find a better one] and in its own" 
hand writes upon its own walh' 
"Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin!" 

So also in the vaster universe of 
spiritual being, God is the grand 
center around which everything 
mu«t revolve. That God which 
ever lives and loves. One God, one 



14 



The Elon College Monthly. 



law one element, and one far off 
Divine event, to which the whole 
creation moves." Each individual 
can have and hold a sweep in the 
great circumference of God only as 
it retains unvaryingly its relation 
to that fixed center. Those relations 
retained the revolving souls may 
sweep onward, safely, and surely, 
in every enlarging orbits, through 
the limitless ages of eternit}'; but 
these relations once broken, the 
grandest, noblest souls are aimlessly 
straying in the boundless universe 
of God — "wandering stars towhom 
is reserved the blackness of dark- 
ness forever." So alwavs, so to 



all, so everyv/hei'e. No far-reach- 
ing circumference of fe ling, or 
thought, or action, is possible to 
to any one of us without a cores- 
pondent fixed and retained center. 
And no place, or part in the great 
universe oi being is possible to us, 
save as we have and hold our in- 
dividual relation to God as the 
omnipresent center of the infinite 
circumference of spiritual being. 
"To God, of all the center and the 
source. 
Be power and glorj given; 
Who sways the mighty world through 
all its coarse, 
From the bright throne of heaven." 



Origin of Language. 



The answer to the question as to 
the origin of language admits of 
much conjecture and although 
there are theories which in them- 
selves seem to be very plausible, 
still they are more or less a matter 
of speculation. We learn that man 
from time immemorial has been 
able in some way to communicate 

o his fellows, his thoughts and 



desires. And the manner of com- 
munication seems to have always 
been marked to a great extent the 
characteristics of special class in 
vogue. It is a noticible fact that 
the growth of language, and a clear 
expression of ideas by the use of it 
has been measured by the intelli- 
gence of the people employing it. 
So this will prove that language 



TiiK Elon College Monthly. 



15 



admits of developement, and that ■ in his state of probation. The 
it was not given to man already Grecian language once so awkward 
perfected. This proves too that it i and unharmonized became, after 
requires an effort on the part of; much polishing and carving, a 
man to speak and express his , speech very musical and clear, 
thoughts correctly, and that he ' Man excited with pleasure or tort- 



does 
how 



not talk without thinking 
w^onderful it is to express 



ured with pain, desires to express 
his feelings to those about him. 
thought in words. But to claim { This expression in the early history 
that the origin of language is i of the world took form in certain 



entirely hum^^n would seem to be 
wholy absurd, because the attri- 
butes of man are simply the impress 



sounds, gestures and signs. Thus 
a language, very meager in itself, 
was formed which in order to make 



of Divinity, and surely without jit intelligible had to be carried 
the interposition and co-operation [ through a long process of devclop- 
of higher powers, man would belment. And the study of this devel- 
incapable of originating anything | opment, and the true source of 



especially so incomprehensivc as 
the art of communication. So then 
as men's extremity is God's oppor- 
tunity, it is truthful to suppose that 
the origin and developement of lan- 
guage is both human and divine 
which theory is more prominent 
than anv other among those who 
have made the subject a life study. 
Man was made to be developed 
endowed with instinct sufficient to 
enable him with proper effort to 
make the best of every thing while 



origm, surpasses all other questions 
for philosophic interest. It lies at 
the very threshold of a proper un- 
derstanding of the relation of 
man's mental nature to that of the 
lower mind. 

Language is the key which un- 
locks the door of intelligence, giv- 
ing a true idea of how far an indi- 
vidual, a community or nation has 
arisen in the scale of civilization. 
Willie 0. Harward. 



16 



The Elo5i College Monthly, 



The Church in the Fifteenth Century. 



Corruption seemed to prevade 
the religious world during the fif- 
teenth centur\ . The nations of 
Christendom did not look to the 
giver of all things for eternal life, 
the free gift of God. They believed 
that in order to obtain it they must 
resort to all manner of vain super- 
stition and fearful imaginations. 
We may get a very correct picture 
of the religious ideas of that period 
form Myconious, who said: "The 
sufferings and merits of Chtist are 
looked upon as an idle tale or a? 
the fictions of Homer. Christ was 
looked upon as a severe judge, 
ready to condemn all who should 
not have recourse to the interces- 
sions of saints or to the papal in- 
dulgencies." 

The}-^ believe that the Pope could, 
if he so desired, increase the number 
of saints. He, as they thought 
could not err, and would not allow 
any one to contradict anj'thing he 
said. Sacred relics, which should 
have given them a holy recollection 
of the church, were esteemed in the 
lightest manner. The church festi- 



vals were celebrated in the most 
unbecoming spirit imaginable. 

At the festival celebrated in mem-" 
ory of the suffering and death of 
Bhrist, the preacher told all kinds 
of jokes, and anecdotes, and tried 
by every possible means to raise a 
laugh among his hearers. At this 
time religion was at a low ebb, and 
so was morality. The right to 
commit all manner of disorders and 
crimes (indulgencies as the were 
called) was granted to all persons 
who paid for the privilege. The 
priests, who were often very bad 
men, seem to have been the leaders 
of this evil. They who occupied the 
most exalted positions, were as 
wicked and base as men could be. 
No time, it must be said, has ever 
witnessed so much confusion and 
disorder. The life giving principles 
of christianit\' had seemingly dis- 
appeared. The life and light of 
religion had vanished and so the 
real strength ofthe church was gone 
until it should revive again. Other 
institutions, especially in the East, 
had been afflicted by the same evils 



The Elox College Monthly. 



in them which is highest, mankind 
would neverhave takenbut f w steps 
above barbarism. The world needs 
then to release from physical toil 
and strain "those sparkling gems 
that would add to our heritage, 
mental, spiritual, and moral wealth, 
not for their own sake but for the 
sake of mankind. 

The present tendency is to release 
men of talent from physical toil as 
much as possible that they may 
give more time to thonght. Inven- 
tors are the great time savers. 
Steam is our beast of burden, elec- 
tricity our messenger, yet the world 
has not reached the line of its pos- 
sibilities. More time must be given 
to intellectual developemcnt so that 
v^e may gradually rise from animal 
desires, into purity of heart, 
strength of mind and perfection of 
soul. 

The time for this change is ap- 
proaching with accelerated Velocity 
and though living men may not 
see it, generations to come shall 
witness its glorious realization. 
"Wedreamofthetime-and I believe 
that it is quite possible— in which 
the mere sustenance, the supply of 
the world's necessities, shall be re- 
duced to such low terms that they 
shall be easily disposed of— Then 
and then only, will mankind as a 
whole begin to live. For a man as 



man does not live while heis drudge 
ing simply to get something to 
•'keep base life afoot." He besrins 
to live when that is behind, and he 
is free to sit down and think. "Now 
I am a man with opportunities 
before me, ' ' When he is free to 
use his brain, free to indulge his 
affections, free to look into his soul 
and commune with those things 
that are eternal. Everyman then 
who has power of money, power of 
heart, power of soul, power of aiiA' 
kind, ought to keep the idea of the 
world ever in view, and note that 
the onl}' grand human life is that 
which consecrates itself to its at- 
tainments." 

To-day our minds stand awed in 
the presence of doubt and mystery', 
in the presence ofthe vast unknown 
but presently some genius, touched 
b)' a light of reason that never 
shown "on land or sea" will mount 
the empyreal heights of thought 
an feeling the deep pulsations of the 
world will lead its throbing masses, 
j step by step to the glorious summit 

I whence thev may behold the bound~ 

I " • • 

I less ocean of truth and wisdom lying 

I bc\'Oud. By the aid of such spirits 

we are rising towards the zenith 

\ of our glor\* while the heavens 

I light us with the reflection of an 

j unknown world. 

I The dawn is coming, eternal 



10 



The Elox College Monthly. 



spring is gradually introducing! out of the radiance of this increas- 
itself, and we are nowjustbegining j ing light comes "a still small voice" 



to breathe the fragrance of the 
new-sprung flowers of thought, of 
reason, of wisdom, of truth; and 



whispering; in the brotherhood oi 
man lies the hope of the wotld. 

S. E. Eyerette. 



No.ClRCUMFERENCE WITHOUT A CENTER. 



The ver\ idea of a wide-reaching 
circle involves the thought of a 
fixed and definite center. It is an 
axiom in pure mathematics that 
all points of the circumference of a 
circle are equidistant from the 
point calledthe center. This truth 
ot the absolute necessity of a center 
as precedent to the existence and as 
escential to the continuance of a 
circle, is a truth having its practi- 
cal bearings in every sphere, or in 
every circle of human action and 
human thought and human feeling. 
In observing the manifestations 
of the laws of an all- wise God in 
the world around us, we may find 
the silent assertion and the unmis- 
takable proof of our proposition 
that there can be no circumference 



without a center. Nature has pro- 
claimed it in the unbroken harmony 
in the silent, mysterious music of 
her spheres, ever since "the morn- 
ing stars first sang together." 

The earth has its center of gravity 
toward which all terrestial bodies 
are drawn, thus sustaining the 
proper relation to each other as 
well as to the fixed center. Were it 
not for this established law, the 
earth would be a scene of utter 
strife and contention. A large body 
once set in motion would continue 
its course bringing destruction 
upon the smaller ones until finally 
it would itselfbe utterly demolished 
in a conflict with some mightier 
force. 

Each orb in the starry heavens 



The Elon College Monthly 



11 



has its own fixed center, and it ' 
finds and fills its place in the im- ' 
mensity of space by its unchanging j 
relation to the center of Its solar 
system, or vet again to the center 
of all the starry' systems. The 
moon revolves around the earth as 
its center; and the earth with all 
the other planets move in graceful 
harmony around the sun as a 
grand common center. Let this 
center be once disturbed or the cen- 
tripetal force which binds each re- 
volving orb to that center, lose its 
force but for an instant, and the 
universe itself would feel the shock. 
Then, in politics there must be 
the great central ideas, the plat- 
forms upon which the different par- 
ties base their hopes of success. 
No citizen can have a living inter- 
est in the welfare of his government, 
unless he has some standpoint of 
part\ principles from which he 
(reaches out for the good of 
that government. In order for a 
man to be a true democrat, he must 
hold firmly to democratic princi- 
ples; in order for a man to be a 
true republican, he must be true to 
republican principles. These parties 
must have their leaders around 
whom the voters must rally;and at 
the same time these leaders must 
have their platform as^ a center 
toward which thev are to make 



the circle cf their arguments 
always tend. 

The local governments have the 
county government as their center, 
the state government forms a nu- 
cleus for the county governments; 
and the national government is the 
grand common center of them all. 

Each center with its circumfer- 
ence, performing its own functions 
harmoniously, so long as it dosn't 
try to get out of its circle of power 
and encroach upon outside circum- 
ferences. These central govern- 
ments, having certain great prin- 
ciples as their central ideas, as their 
foundation stones, strive to build 
upon them the fabric of the nation. 

It is right to have a center of de- 
nominational opinions. There is 
no hope of our being broad and 
liberal in the truest sense, unless 
we have a fixed center of belief 
from which our estimate of the 
views of others shall radiate. Such 
godly men as Wesley, stand out as 
bright and shining lights in the re- 
ligious world. Their lives have 
come down to us of the nineteenth 
century, and have been grand cen- 
ters around which thousands of 
men and women have formed their 
circle of religious belief. Then, 
again, we find the young men of 
country flocking around the Y. M. 
C. A. as a center of religious growth, 



^ 



12 



The Elon College Monthly. 



the }• oung women have as a radi- 
ant point the Y. W. C.A. TheSun- 
daj^School, the Y. M. C. A., the 
Y. W C. A., make the church a 
grand center around which to 
work; while the church in its turn 
has for its fountain head, the 
grandest, noblest, most perfect cen- 
ter of all. This fountain head, 
Jesus Christ, has done and is yet 
doing more to shape the lives and 
destinies of men than all the other 
centers combined, He is a might}^ 
magnet drawingman from his iallen 
condition, from the sinful ways of 
the world, and keeping him within 
the circle of light, purity and ever- 
lasting life. 

Lose sight of a fixed and definite 
center in any of these "spheres and 
aiid you must necessarily see only 
chaotic confusion culminating di- 
rect destruction. The moon, the 
earth, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, all 
the planets would leave their orbits 
and rush headlong into the fathom- 
less debths of remediless disorders 
organizations would be torn 
asunder and rendered powerless; 
the great march and progress of 
thought would be confused and 
fettered political parties and gov- 
ernment would beat about aimlessly 
and soon go to pieces in their own 
confusions; the g-reat tread of 
christianit}'^ would be hushed for 



want of some crystalizeing center 
around which to cluster. 

What we have found to be true 
of nature, of men in societv, in the 
iatellectual world, in politics, in re- 
igion, is equall}^ true of tlie indi 
vidual who is a part of these organ 
sms. 

If a man would be outreaching 
and far-sweeping in his feelings, in 
his thoughts, or in his actions, he 
mii>t have a fixed and central stand- 
point from which his sympathies, 
his opinions and his activities may 
radiate to the definite, or the in- 
definite circumference of his affect- 
ions and purposes, and endeavors. 
There is no such things as a love 
which goes out after those who are 
a far off, who are remote from on6^ 
self, but which fails to show itself 
toward those who are near. This 
is the real meaning of the sadly 
perverted adage, "charitj- begins 
at'home;" but it is not to end there. 
He who w^ould love his race, must 
first love those nearest to him. 
Unless a man's love has a center 
in his home, it cannot fill a 
circumference in the world. 

And when it has extended 
beyond his home, into however far- 
reaching circumference, it must not 
have lost its primal center, but 
must still hold firmh'- to that, in 
order that its power of right, exten- 



The Elox Collegk Monthly, 



17 



— superstition, unbelief, ignorance 
and corruption of morals, as had 
Christianity; and they sank to rise 
no more. 

Was Christendom to share the 
same fate? No, tor the church was 
the work of God and was not, like 
systems tounded by man, to soon 
pass away and he forgotten. But 
how was A revolution to be 
brought al30ut? God In his wisdom 
often !) rings aljout the greatest re- 
sulty. by means which are very in- 
significant in the eyes of man. 

In ]-iS7 Frederick the wise came 
to the head of the government of 
his State and in 14<93 he made a 
pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and was 
made a Knight of the Holy Sepul- 
cre. He was a man of far-seeing 
prudence and influence and in a 
short time won the esteem of all his 
equals. The period of the great 
Reformation was near at hand and 
it seems as if Frederick, of Saxony, 
was precisely the prince required 
for the beginni:!g of such a revolu- 
tion. He was a moder te man 



yet firm. If weakness had been al- 
lowed on the part of the friends, of 
this work it would likely have been 
crushed; and, yet, it was not well 
to show too much anxiety. Thus 
a preperation for a great revolution 
was being made among the princes. 
Germany, inhabited by the an- 
cient Saxon race, was the center of 
Christendom. The principles im- 
planted there, being destined to de- 
velope. soon spread out in all direct- 
ions and touched Engl- n 1, France, 
Switzerland, Italy, Demark and 
all the Xorth. The nations after a 
period of so much confusion, dis 
order aud crime, now sa w the besin- 
ingofan era of quiet, order and 
seccrity. No doubt in the fifteenth 
century, the morality of the church 
was lower than at an}- other 
period, but it was not to remain 
so. X great Reformation was, pre- 
dicted the world waited, and Mai- 
tin Luther, the Great Reformer, ap- 
peared . 

Florence Neff. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Money. 



Much is being done and said at 
present relative to the money ques- 
tion. On one hand the monied 
lords are using their money and 
influence to effect legislation in 
their favor; and on the other, the 
honest politician is using his influ- 
ence ior his constituents. This has 
brought stagnation to the currents 
of money which hitherto have been 
flowing along the business chan 
nels. Transportation, commerce, 
manufacturing and agriculture have 
felt the influence of this, and thou- 
sands of hands have been thrown 
out of employment, and as many 
homes have been made places of 
deprivation and want. Thousands 
of children in our prosperous land 
are crying for daily bread because 
of the money panic that is upon us. 
Our storehouses are filled with 
grain and meat, and all the neces- 
saries of life; but simply' becaiisethe 
medium of exchange is controlled 
by the few, man}'- of the poorer 
classes are in a helpless condition. 

In money there is no power to 
sustain life, to stay hunger, and 



prevent starvation. Vanderbilt 
with his millions was a wealthy 
man only in so much as he had the 
power to purchase wealth. Place 
him with his treasures of money 
upon an island among savage peo- 
ple and he might proceed to perish 
with his money piled about him. 
And on the other hand, he could 
come back to America with his 
mone}'', and at once he becomes a 
wealthy man because of his sur- 
roundings. 

There is as much, and perhaps 
more, wealth in America to-day 
than ever before, £.nd yet more peo- 
ple are in suffering circumstances. 

Our land is in a more prosperous 
condition so far as real wealth goes 
than ever before, and it will be only 
a matter of time when all the cur- 
rent of trade will flow as rapidh-as 
formerly. 

Money has a great influence upon 
the morals of any nation, and no 
doubt it does as much as anything 
else to place wicked rulers at the 
head of the government. It fills 
our insane asjdums, and prisons 



The Elox ColleCje Monthly. 



19 



more than anything else. For it, 
men sell their integrity, honesty, 
character, religion, their God. 
More people are worshiping Mam- 
mon than God at the present day. 
We cannot expect much better 
times until. we have righteous rule 
and legislators. Many of our law 
makers make laws more for the 
money in th m than the morality-; 
and yet. christian men support 
them and live under the immoral 
laws they make. We need men in 
our legislative halls with as deep a 
sense of moral obligation as the 
minister in the pulpit. Our sufter- 



age should be guided more by a 
sense of morality than by monev 
Everyman that supports a wicked 
man is individuallv responsibe for 
all the bad laws he makes and all 
the bad people that the laws make 
bad. If the christian people of our 
land could feel this responsibility 
and be guided by morality instead 
of money; and if our legislators 
were guided bv the same principle, 
times would be better, our country 
more prosperous, and there would 
be much le.-s suffering in the world. 
W. C. Wicker. 



20 



The Elon Collei^e Monthly . 



EDITORIAL. 



Salutatory. 

"We greet our patrons and friends at 
this the opening of a new school year 
the fourth year in the history of the Col- 
lege. In sending this greeting we feel 
encouraged in view of the many facts 
which promise well for the year that is 
before us. It is with a feeling of true 
pride that we look back over the past 
three years of our school life. We are 
indeed proud of the record we have 
made as an institution. Though we 
have played an active part in making 
our past history what it is, yet much of 
the praise is due to our friends at a dis- 
tance. To you, kind friend, we extend 
our thanks for the helping hands and 
kind words that you have given us. 
With this issue of the Monthly go our 
best wishes to the old students. 

We miss you all. Though others 
have stepped in to fill your place in our 
ranks, yet we fail to receive that kind 
word and pleasant smile which greeted 
us last year. Though not together on 
the College Hill, we hope to talk with 
each other through the columns of the 
Monthly. It is with a feeling of re- 
sponsibility that we, the editors of '93— 
'94, take upon ourselves the duties of 
this work. We tremble as we realize 
that into our hands have been trust 
the pen so masterly wielded by the re- 
tiring staff. 



We congratulate them uj)on their 
success and sincerely hope that their 
mantles may fall on us. If we shall 
succeed in sustaining, and if possible, 
increasing the reputation for excellence 
which the Monthly has alread}' gained 
aiaong our exchanges, we shall feel 
that our labors have not been in vain, 
but will feel thankful that this duty 
was imposed upon us. But we alone 
cannot make the Monthly a success. 

Friends of the College, one and all, 
the -Monthly is yours. Give it the sup- 
port which it demands and ice will en- 
deavor to give you good reading matter. 
Your name on its subscription list, your 
contribution to its colums, will be 
thankfully received. Criticise us when 
necessary, give us a kind word when 
you can. 

Editors. 



Intepdependenee. 

This age, unlike former ages, is one 
of interdependence. Historians of for- 
mer times have written of kings and 
monarchs; and the whole wtlfare of a 
nation seemed to revolve around the 
name and influence of one personage. 
But now the times have changed, and 
we find that there is a marked mutual 
dependence existing between the differ- 
ent classes of society ,_ And a historian 



The Elox College Monthly 



21 



of this ago, iiist-'Uvi of writing of his 
iudividaali.siii and monarchism •^ould 
have to writy o:' Soji.ilis:n and Repub- 
licanism. 

Sum.', at Ui-st giau,'^ may object to 
this thoory and say; ••Li-t me exist for 
myself and work solely tor my own in- 
terest." Such a one might go on for 
some time in this way, but he would 
eventually be frowned, as it were, out 
of existence by the current idea of his 
age, and would find that he needed the 
help of his fellow-man. And the more 
one feels this the greater man he be- 
comes himself, and the greater amount 
of good he is capable of doing for others. 

This is true in every phase of human 
activity. The greatest men of our day 
ai*e those who feel the idea most forcibly 
impressed ui)on them that they are their 
brother's keeper. 

Here let us mention that matchless 
genius, Mr. Edison, who has during his 
life taken out seven hundred and twentj' 
patents on his own inventions, and Ave 
will hud that he is one of the greatest 
men that this age has produced. He 
states that when he conceives of a new 
invention, he first asks himself, "If it 
were possible to put this plan into exe- 
e ;ution would it benefit the people at 
large, and would it advance our present 
civilization?" After this has lieen pon- 
dered and settled in his own mind, he then 
turn all of his energy and thoiight to 
the accomplishmeht of his great purpose. 
How can a man working on such phi- 
lanthropic principles fail? If all men 
would start with such a purpose as this 
how much better would be the condi- 
tion of our country. 

Another notewortey trait of Mr. Edi- 
ison's is that when he has made a suc- 



cess he does not go out and mingle witii 
the world that he may be praised by it, 
but he lets the world say what it may 
of his'achievement while he, indifferent 
to the plaudits of men, goes to work 
again to bless humanity. 

Another man of this same type is Mr. 
Ferris, the inventor and builder of that 
revolving wonder of the World's Fair. 
This genius staked his future reputation 
that he might produce something that 
would place America ahead of all the 
world in mechanism. Had he failed, 
his name would have been a by-word 
for the sneerers of the world, and Amer- 
ica would have shared their scorn. But 
since he- succeeded, America stands- 
first along this line and the builder, Mr. 
Ferris, is a hero among men. How 
ever so great is his desire to do some- 
thing to help the people that he regards 
this revolving mass as nothing more 
than any other man would a revolving 
mouse-cage. His desii-e is to put men 
safely and easily across the mighty 
streams of our our country, and to send 
them gliding over this continent faster 
than ever before. 

Now it may be said that the.se men 
have such great intellects that they are 
not,at all dependent, but this is not 
true; for their dependence is what has 
made them great; and this dependence 
is an intellectual one. Let us see if 
this is not true. We say that Mr. Edi- 
son's inventions are no imitions but 
are entirely new. This we admit. But 
if Mr. Edison had not dealt with the 
lightning that had already been 
caught and tamed by Benjiman Frank- 
lin, and had not accepted the facts and 
truths on the behavior of electricity as 
discovered by other electricians, but in- 



22 



The Elon College Monthly. 



stead had gone to work togather these tion helps the progress of his country, 
facts, and then t<. philosophise about However, this cannot be done by all 
them, he would have been speculating up men following the same occupation; and 
to the present day; and the phonograph the more educational enterprises the 
would have been as dumb as the blocks ■ higher the standard of our civilization, 
of wood and bars of steel of which it ; Then let every one lend a helping hand 
was made. Therefore we see that his to his brother, and thus show by his 



dependence, backed up by an undying 
energy, is the secret of his success. 
Likewise, Mr. Ferris, hadhe not accept- 
e 1 the laws of Pythageus respecting 
triangles and lines; and those of Newton 
regarding gravitation, his wheel which 
is now a wonder of America and of the 
world would have remained material 
fit only for such commonplace things as 
horse-shoes and railroad irons. 

Thus this argument of interdepen- 
dence might be carried on through all j world's history has it been so rapidly 
the different occupations and ^indus- I "^folding as it is to-day; and we are 
tries of our country, and nowhere does ' "^^^ ^^^*^ **^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^'^ 



actions that he appreciates the charge 
that has been committed to his keeping: 
ob<ying the command: ''Thou shait 
love thy neighbor as thyself," 

J, H. Jones. 

Seience a f^evolutJonizcf. 

It is very interesting to note the 
wonderful progress that is now being 
made in Science. Never before in the 



realize its de- 



this interdependence hold more promi- velopments more vividly on the ac 



nence than in the intellectual world 
Our own country's success and standing 
among other nations is dependent on 
oar intellectual standard; and if this 
standard be loweied, who will suffer? 
Of course it will be our nation, and 
each individual, as a part of this whole 
will have his part to bear. Since this 
is true, and since each one is his broth 



count of the practical benefits derived 
therefrom. We live in an essentially 
practical age; and the great mass of 
people live better and are growing more 
intellectual than ever before, which is 
mainly due to this wonderful progres-s 
in Science. 

We find that scientists devote more 
time to the study of practical problems 



er's keeper, it behooves every one to ! ^han almost any other class of men; 
lend a helping hand and a word of en- ! ^^<^ instead of their being ridiculed as 
; auragei^ent to every ^^tprprise that '^^^^ ^«^« ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^-«' t^^">' Z^- 
will have a tendency to raise our in- 1 ««i^e the sanction and ,as,,istai.Ge,,<i.- 
tellectual standard. Money was not j ^^^ ^^^se who can be of any service t,, 
made to be stowed away, but was made ' *hem. 

to be circulated among the people to j More and more each year the sciences 
bless them. And the oftener a dollar j are being studied m the various colleges 
changes hands and- the faster it flies the world over, and to-day it is grati 
through the country the more good it fj'i^g ^o see that they stand side by side 
does. Therefore, every one who takes ' i° our institutions of learning' with the 
part in putting it into greater circula- 1 other branches. 



The Elox College Monthly. 



23 



And agrain, tlie practical results at- 
t lined by seieuce within the last few 
years nre a blessinji: scarcely to be es- 
timated. For half a century it has 
been laboring' in the interests of agri- 
culture. This year the United States 
appropriates one million dollars for 
the conducting of scientific experiments 
as applied to agriculture. It is the 
purpose to save milions of dollars for 
the industrial class of people. Vast 
amounts have been saved and vast 
amounts will be saved, simply through 
the aid of scientific research. Wo have 
in the United States nearly fifty exper- 
iment stations where trained men are 
working in the interest of the farming 
classes. And besides this, of course 
thei-e are many scientists outside who 
are steadily engaged in just such work. 
All farmers are compelled to admit 
that millions of dollars have been saved 
for them through such efiorts. Im- 
proved farming implements and better 
methods of cultivation bear witness to 
this statement. 

At the beginning of the eighteenth 
century tke glass industry was at quite 
a low ebb. We mierht say that it was 
practically nothing but it began slowly 
t > be di'veloped towards the latter part 
i>f the century. The majority of peo- 
ple were no longer willing to use oiled 
paper for their window-panes; and soon 
the sun-light shone into many a once 
darkened chamber through a glass 
medium. 

There became gradually an increased 
demand far glassware for the table and 
other purposes. These demands have 
l)eenmetto an almost miraculous de- 
gree. A visit t<1 the World's Fair re- 
veals to us many of the mysterious 



things that have been done and are still 
being done in this industry. They are 
now spinning and weaving glass for 
the purpose of fitting up one's wearing 
apparel. Ladies may now grace their 
evening parties clad in pure glass, and 
gentlemen may tie a glass cravat around 
their linen collars. The glass industry 
is a very promising one; and in days to 
come still more wonderful advancement 
.may be expected. 

And again great advancement in as- 
tronomy has been made within the last 
few years. New satellites have been 
discovered: and in America alone 78 as- 
teroids have been hunted down; and 
their orbits determined. Some of the 
most noteworthy objects at the World's 
Fair are the astronomical photographs 
of vai'ious kinds. Wonderful testimo- 
nies these, of man's ever widnening 
knowledge. 

The developements in chemistry have 
been almost equally wonderful. It is 
said that it is the science most generally 
and generously drawn upon by all the 
learned professions and liberal arts. 
This assertion is strikingly corroborated 
at the Columbian Fair. More than 
three fourths of the general depart- 
ments represented there, have chem- 
ical labratories, and in all are shown 
the results of this science. 

The investigation of the distribu- 

I tion of marine animals according 

: to the depths of the sea is said 

to have commenced in the year 

1804 with Forbis's studies in the Mede- 

j tereauian Sea, and since then the 

most rapid advancement has been made. 

The great deep is yielding up the hid- 

, den mysteries that have lain dormant 

I there for so long a time: 



24 



The Elox College M >xthly. 



The I'ecent Jis«overi cs aii<] inventions 
in electricity almost stagger human" 
b 'lief. This is called the age of elec- 
t icity, with Mr. Eclison as its ''prophet.' 
He has made inventions and discover- 
ies for which his name will ever be 
hailed with delight, as a benefactor of 
his country and of mankind the world 
over. He justly holds a most prom- 
inent place among the world's scientists, 
being a true inventor and the greatest 
of nis race. iSozne one has said that he 
might well be called the 'Democrat of 
science.' 

Notwithstanding the present wonders 
of electricity, still electrical science is 
in its infancy. Its rapid developement 
may be graphically pictured by compar- 
ing the electrical exhibits at' the Cen- 
teuial Exposition in Philadelphia in 187G 
with those at the Columbian Exposition 
in Chicago new. 

Well may we be proud of our scien- 
tists; for through them old things are 
becoming new, and the new are being 
made newer. Life is quicktmed and, 
light is made universal. As some one 
has said: "The wants of men have 
always been beyond their ability to sup- 
ply them .Primitive man employed ani- 
mals to a small extent, and civilized 
man supplements these with the power 
of wind, water, steam, and lately of 
electricity. How much civilization is 
dependent upon these is beyond reck- 
oning, Ijut it is certain that safety, 
comfort and leisure depend largely upon 
making the unnerved enei'gies of Uciture 
do our needful work. 

Wind, water, and steam can at best, 
turn a crank, so their usefulness has 
Ijeen largely of a mechanical sort, but 
electricity has endowments of a higher 



order and is not restricted t') a sing e 
talent. It can not only turn the cran'c 
of a motor, but it glows like the sun in 
in arc lamp, in its furnace it fuses the 
the most refractory substances, it can 
freeze as well. It can taPv in a teleph(.ne 
do chemical work in a tank, make^ raai - 
nets of iron and steel, produce ei her 
waves like light, effect otiev bodies at a 
distance, and, acting phj-siol'ogicHlly, 
will kill or cure a man. Such a gifted 
genii is not to be compared with the com- 
mon cry of servitors, and there is litt e 
wonder that everybody is as anxious i s 
the old Athenians to learn what new 
thing is next to be expected. 

KO'WENA MoFFlT r. 



pfiends of E!on College. 

Do you know that we need your as- 
sistance, and to a very great degree? 
Well such is the case. 

As 3"ou well know, we have been t ■3'- 
ing for the past two or three years (and 
we hope we have not fallen too far 
short of our aim) to edit a magazine 
through which you raight^learn some- 
thing of our v.'oikings and progress. 
We feel that our efforts have not been 
entirely in vain; but, now, we have 
reached a period where it is necessary 
for us to call on you for assistance 

You know that it takes money to run 
a magazine, and now we appeal to you 
for it. We do not wish you to give it 
without value received; but i*n return 
for it, we will endeaA'or to send you a 
magazine that is well worth your 
money. In other words, /oe want you- t'j 
snhscribe to our Monthly. It is -only one 
dollar per year; and while it would 
take but a small sum from you, it would 



Tiis Elox College Monthly. 



25 



a ssist us very much iu our efforts. 

What cau we aay to get you interested 
in tliis work, and to make you feel how 
greatly we ut-ed your aid? Surely you 
are not truly interested in your church 
and college; otherwise you would take 
hjll of this '.vork aal holp us bear Jhe 
burden. 

Perhaps you do not know how nee- 
e-ssary it is that this magazine should 
be published. Do you not see that this 
will help to advertise our College? 
This institution is not very widely 
known, as yet, and through this paper 
we may be able to introduce it into 
quite a wide circle. Other colleges 
have magazines, and why should not 
we? Oh! you say, the others are able 
to afford one. True, but how did they 
become able? Was it not through the 
assistance of their friends? 

If you do not wish to read the paper 
yourself, you can send it to some friend. 

And again, if we are going to have a 
college and try to keep abreast with other 
colleges, it is highly necessary that we 
have a magazine so that people may 
know what we are doing. Would it 
speak well for our College, when the 
magazines of the various colleges are 
being sent out for ours not to -appear 
among the number? It will not do for 
us to fall behind; so please lend us your 
assistance. Send us your subscription, 
and with it the subscriptions of your 
friends. Without your heai-ty co-ope- 
ration we cannot hope to succeed. 

Ireke Clements. 



The Cnodepn JSiecus-Papcp. 

"Are news-papers what they ought 
to bo?" is a questioh much agitated by j 



leading thinkers of to-d ly. The vi^)i' 
of the thrusts against them, is equaled 
only by the readiness of the parry from 
the news-paper men. On one side we 
are told that, in their Influence upon 
the public mind, the news-papers are 
damaging and even deadly. On the 
other, we hear that the news must bo 
given to the world as it occurs in the 
world. And still the question comes to 
us, ."which is right?" Bcfoie answering 
thisiquestion it is necessary to determine 
by what standard we shall judge them 
and who are to be the judges. If we 
say that they must be judged by the 
quantity of news they carry to the 
world, then we must admit that they are 
performing their mission. If we say 
that the majority of men and and women 
are to be their judges, then we must 
admit that they fulfil all the require- 
ments imposed upon them. But it 
seems that, in the light of reason, both 
these hypotheses are false, We should 
not ask of the editor an indiscriminate 
quantity; but as wholesome quality, of 
news. We should not mould our stan- 
dard according to the thoughtless whims 
ot the multiude, but according to the 
serious judgement of those capable of 
seeing in existing causes inevitable ef- 
fects. 

No one will demand of a newspaper 
that it shall be filled with sermons from 
day to day, and from week to week. 
All will readily admit that its mission is 
to carry the news; but it should be only 
such news as will tend to enlighten the 
public miud along the lines of greatest 
interest to mankind. Such news as 
will enable men to see and understand 
those great questions that make for 
man's happiness and betterment in this 



26 



The Elon College Monthly. 



life. 

We have admitted that the objeet of 
the new^vpaper is to carry the news. 
This statement should, no doubt, be 
modified by saying that this is the sec- 
ondary object; while the primary object 
is a bread and butter one. Of course, 
news-paper men must live; and the 
question of 'bread and butter' is not an 
ignoble one; but when they have to re- 
sort to questionable methods in the fur- 
therance of their object, it is time to 
call a halt. 

One of the first expedients resorted to 
by news-paper men to court public 
favor and win a large patronage is the 
increase in the size of the paper. They 
hope by this means to make men think 
that they are getting value received for 
money. The amount of news is in- 
creased, indeed! But what of the 
quality? 

Let us notice a few statistics compiled 
by a recent writer in the Forum. He 
compares a number of New York papers 
an Ajiril Sunday issue — in the years 
1881 and 1893. In 1893, they were 
from two to five times as large as in 
1880. In 1881, one paper contained 
fifteen columns of literary matter; in 
1893, it kad only' five columns on the 
same line. Another paper, in 1881, 
had one column on literary topics; 
while in 1893, it had only two, notwith- 
standing the increase in size. In^lSSl 
issue one paper had no s:i>l'ih; hx L i 3, 
it had one and a half columns. Another 
in 1831, one column; in 1893, two and a 
half columns. In 1881, we find in one 
paper one column of gossip; in 1893, 
sixty-three and a half columns. 
Another in 1881. two collumns; in 1893, 
thirteen columns. On crimes and crim- 



inals, in 1881, we find in one paper noth- 
ing; whereas, in 1893, we find^ six col- 
umns. And again, in one paper, 1881 
issue, we find two columns on religious 
topics, in .1893, nothing. In another, 
1881 issue, is one half column; 1893, one 
column. Statistics are always tedious, 
but when we find such facts as the above 
revealed in them, it is our duty, to take 
cognizance of them, and ask ourselves 
if there is not something radically wrong 
somewhere. The decrease in attention 
paid to literary and religious subjects, 
with the corresponding increase va. gossip 
and scandals is appalling. Had the size 
of the papers yemainedthe same in both 
years, the showing would be bad enough; 
but with, the increased size it is startling. 
Can it be, that meu, are growing worse? 
The testimony of the world is against . 
such a supposition. Then, the fault 
must lie with the news-paper men. 

A murder is committed; a riot is raised J 
or society is scandaized. The news of 
it is immediately published in a regular 
issue of the daily papers; or, if that 
would delay it a few hours, a flaming 
extra is soon huri*ied through the streets, 
giving, in the most glowing and roman- 
tic terms, every detail of the crime. 
Everybody reads it; and every mind is 
excited and polluted by its damning in- 
fluences. A naturally low and coarse 
mind craves food of its own nature: the 
modern news-paper supplies it. This 
lowness is nourished thereby, grows and 
bears fruit after its own kind — baseness, 
depravity, social impurity, scandal, 
crime. The animal nature in man is 
fed and fanned into a living, burning 
flame that must either consume that 
upon which it feeds — thus bringing 
man nearer and nearer on a level with 



The Elos. College Monthly. 



27 



tie brute creation; or, it must give forth 
the inward fire iu the line of greatest 
development and least resistance — thus 
producing the crank, the lunatic, the 
criminal. Let the news-paper perform 



its own unique mission of enlightening 
the public mind on those lines that tend 
to higher development, and to humanity 
will be the blessing. 

E. L. MOPFITT. 



Tfiic Clon Collk.gk Monthly 



LOCALS. 



S. M. SMITH, Editor. 



'93-'04!! 

New Students! 

Kenewed energies! 

New Editors greet ^'ou. 

"Cutch," ta.kes,art this year. 

A thing of beauty — the chapel. 

Who said we had a senior named 
"Tom?" 

Wonderful — bojs going by the 
dormitory, 

Ask "Glassy" if he adyocates 
foreign missions. 

Send us one dollar and get the 
Mo.-^THLY one year. 

The most popular man — He who 
can sing "After the Ball." 

Wonder if "Kildee" eyer saw a 
riyer on the top of a mountain. 

The Juniors, of last year are the 
Seiniors of this— just think of it! 

Every time a Sophomore makes 
a mistake he learns something. (?) 

Prof, of Eng. — "Mr. E. will you 
expatiate on that thought a little?" 
Mr. E "sir!" 



Quite a number of the studerts 
attended the Alarnance Fair at 
Burlington. 

A Senior wishes to know ifGlad- 
stone is Minister • irom United 
States to li^n gland. 

A certain "Prep" yvislies to know 
which year in college is the higher, 
the Junior or the Senior. 

W.J, Graham and sister, formerk- 
students among us spent, a few 
days on the Hill recently, 

"Sherbert" says he thinks Logic 
is a very sleepy study— and daily 
practices what he preaches. 

*'Sa\, partner, if you'll join a 
society Pll see to it that you get to 
be marshal next commencement." 

A Fresh to Ben B — "Say, are you 
taking Physics this 3^ear?" 
Mr. B. "Mo, nothing but salts " 

With this issue of the Monthly 

many subscriptions expire. Reader 

' look on the outside cover for the 

i red stamp. If your time is out 

please renew. We need your sub- 

script ion. 



The Elox College Monthly. 



29 



Mrs. E. A. Moffltt, Mr. J T. 
Moffitt and Mr. Elijah Moffitt 
spent a iew days with us recently. 

Smart boy — lie who can read 
twenty books in parallel work in 
one week and have good lessons 
^oo. 

Miss Bessie Moring, of this place, 
has been elected to the Art Depart- 
ment of Rutherford Military Insti- 
tute. 

There are many students who 
can get more out of a ten-cent novel 
than they can get out of their text 
books. 

B. F. Long, Jr., Ph. B.— 93 is 
now taking post-graduate work at 
the University of North Carolina. 
Good luck to Ren. 

Mr. N — sa^'s that his math, and 
bicycle riding conflict. Both come 
the same hour. He desires a change 
made in the program. 

Prof. J. M. Band}', formerly of 
Trinit}' College, now fills the chair 
of mathematics in our institvition. 
Glad to have him with us. 

Would you like to get a sewing 
machine, a nice lamp or a diction- 
ary' without a cent of cost? Then 
read our offer elsewhere inthisissue 
of the Monthly. Take advantage 
of it. 



Mr. S. T. Addams and faniilv 
who have been away for the sum 
mer came home a few days ago. 
Glad to have them w^ith us a^ain. 

Business men will do well to ex- 
amine our advertising department. 
Our rates are low and we alwavs 
patronize those who advertise with 
us. 

Our President, Dr. Long, and 
Miss Berta Moring, of the Art 
Department, left Sept. 23rd lor a 
few days sojourn at the World's 
Fair. 

Who said the Summer School of 
music was not a success? For par- 
ticulars write to Prof. Moring, 
Morrisville, N. C. He will send 
you a card. 

Misses Minnie Hancock and Hat- 
tie Turrentine spent sometime with 
us recently. We are alwa^'s pleased 
to have our friends visit us. Miss 
Hancock was formerly a student 
of this place. 

Regardless of "the hard times'* 
Elon is still on a "boom" The 
noise of saws and hammers, the 
rattle of the bUvSy wagons, the 
shifting trains, the college bells, the 
j merry voices of boys and girls all 
make "music in the air" and the 
breeze itself seems to whisper "ad- 
vancement." 



30 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Mr. B. B. Walker, of Randleman, 
N. C, spent a few days on the Col- 
lege Hill. Bart is former student 
and we are glad to know that he 
will be with us again soon. 

Cycling promi^^es to become quite 
popular among the bo3^s. There 
are several wheels on the Hill and 
leisure hours are spent very pleas- 
antly in speeding along the walks 
of the campus, 

Elon College Orchestra: 1st violin 
2nd Violin, Bass Violin. 1st Harp, 
2nd Harp, two Guitars, Banjo, 
Triangle and Tamborine. 

Other instruments will be added 
soon. The Orchestra meets every 
Saturday evening for practice and 
serenades. 

The young civil Engineers expect 
to do good work in their course 
this year. They are now surveying 
a rail-road to Altamahaw Cotton 
Mills. They claim that this affords 
them much sport on Saturdays, 
especially with Prof. Bandy as 
their instructor. 



We are always glad to have our 
friends come to see us, At the 
opening we were pleased to have 
with us Mrs. Ives and Mrs. Ottley 
of Berkley, Va., Mrs. Barrett and 
Hill of Norfolk, Mr. Frogden, of 
Liberty, N. C., and Mr. Hurdle, of 
Union Ridge, N. C. Come again, 



friends, we are always glad to see 
you. 

Membership Com. of Y. M. C. A. 
to new students "say, we want 
you to join the Y. M. C. A. give us 
your name." 

Fresh. — "No, no, I done told you 
once I didn't know which society, 
I was going to join. "Poor '"Fresh!" 

Miss P. to Miss H. while taking 
a morning walk; "It took meonly 
half an hour to curl my bangs this 
morning, and I think they look as 
well as if I had worked on them 
two hours, don't you think so?" 
Miss H. "Oh yes — they look a little 
straight but I guess that's because 
its cloudy." 

(It rained in the afternoon.) 

In the English Department we 
find posted a list of the books to 
be read as parallel work, arranged 
in class order, 

A poor "Fresh" proceeded 
thither a few da^'s ago to examine 
the list. He looked over those 
posted for the Freshman class, A 
look of sad astonishment clouded 
his brow and turning to the Prof, 
with a tearful countenance he 
said: "Say Fesser when must I give 
in my order for all these books?" 

We extend to the poor "Fre?ih" a 
cordial invitation to visit the 
library. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



31 



On the evening of Oct 14th the 
young ladies of the Psliphelian So- 
ciety gave an oyster supper in the 
College. This was their first enter- 
tainment of the session, but was 
marked with the usual degree of 
excellence and success attendeut 
upon all undertakings of the Elon 
girls. To sa\' that the Psipkelian 
Societ}' gave an entertainment is to 
say that all present had a good 



time and went home feeling hap- 
pier, better and gladder for an even- 
ing well spent. Oysters and coffee 
and cream and eake were served in 
sufficient abundance for all, and 
there was no occasion for any one 
to say, "I came away in want." 
The supper was served in the inter- 
est of the Society and was a success 
financially as well as socially. 



32 



The Elox College Moxthly 



Y. M. C. A. 



\\\J. LAINE, Editor. 



There is nothin^i^ of more impor- 
tance in college life, than moral 
development. Our students fully 
realize this fact and are always 
ready to take hold of anything 
that will aid spiritual growth. 

Oa Sept. 3rd we had a re-union 
of association workers- Many 
were present who have labored 
faithfully to elevate the moral and 
religious standing of our institution. 
The meeting was led by Bro. W. 
Lawience, the Pres. of the associ- 
ation. Bro. Lawrence is a young 
man of deep moral and religious 
principles. He is aware of the re- 
sponsibility that rests upon him, 
as the presiding officer of the asso- 
ciation, and is very enthusiastic in 
trying to accomplish the greatest 
amount of good. After a'talk, full 
of the Holy Ghost, by our Presi- 1 
dent there were words of greeting,' 
and encouragement by several of 
our workers. 

The following was the report of 
devotional committee for Sept: 

Leader of Y. M. C. A. 

Sept. 19th J. M. Cook, 

17th H. H. Casody, 



I ■' 24th L W.Johnson, 
I Leaders of Prayer Meetings, 
Sept. 3rd Prof. E. L. Moffitt, 
10th " J. 0.. Atkinson, 
13th Air. W. H. Boone, 
24th " J. H.Jones. 
There have been two Bible classes 
organized, one training class in 
the study of the International 
Sunday School lessons. Each of 
these classes has a good member- 
ship. Our association is still doing 
work at some mission points. 

The Y. W. C. A. is also doing a 
good work. We have many young 
ladies of noble christian character, 
who are seeking to develop the 
spiritual along with the mental 
life. The writer hopes to have the 
pleasure of visiting their associa- 
tion soon, and will give a fuller ac- 
count of the work in the next issue 

of the MOxNTHLY. 

Most of the new students hav^ 
already joined these associations, 
and we hope to have all. in the 
work soon. May the blessings of 
God rest upon our associations 
and upon the associations through- 
out the entire conntrv this vear. 



The Elon College Monthly, 



33 



CLIPPINGS. 



A kiss ma}' be conjugated, but 
never declined. 

Do not try to serve the pnblic 
unless you are willing to have 
many enemies, 

William Astor has promised $1, 
000.000 to found a negro Univer- 
sity in Oklahoma. 

The person who fails to appre- 
ciate a kindness, is justly entitled 
to the scorn of all people. 

Woman is lovable in any case^ 
especially the possessive case, but 
always in the feminine gender. 

The best endowed college in this 
country is Columbia, with $9,000, 
000. Harvard comes next with 
$8,000,000 

Josie (tenderly.) — What would 
j'ou say if I asked you to marry me? 

Deary, (coldly). Just as little as 
possible. 

Don,t listen to gossip against 
your neighbor, and when you have 
an opportunity * to speak well of 
any one, do so. 

If we never worry, the brain will 
never be wrecked, the heart will 
never ache, the soul will never sor- 
row, and with this condition kept 
evenl\ up, youth will linger with 
us almost forever. 



Teacher, — What is an oversight? 

Jane(just seventeen) — It is when 
mama takes the step ladder to look 
through the parlor transom. 

Washington and Lee University 
has graduated thirty seven gov- 
ernors, eight Unined States sena- 
tors and thirty-one college presi- 
dents. 

A rule from the Arithmetic of life 
add to the happiness, subtract 
from the pains, multiply the joys 
and divide the sorrow- of as many 
human souls as thou canst reach. 

Do we need a new energy in the 
world? No, but we need a better 
application of the energy we already 
have at our disposal. The same . 
amount of energy, may make of 
your neighbor, your fellow, a man 
a hero,^ a conqueror, or it may 
make of him. a brute, a devil, a 
slave. 

Love is faulty, full of mistakes; 
has alwa\'s and will always blun 
der. Millions of times has it led 
Reasons fair child into disgrace and 
ruin. Yet love is beautiful. No 
beauty so fair, nodivinit}' so divine, 
no promi-e so sincere, no sorrow 
so genuine, no forgiveness so com- 
plete. 



Adtertisemexts. 



ARE ALWAYS IN THE LEAD. 

Their line of clothing? is unsurpassed for 

FINISH, QUALITY, STYLE. 

Big stock of DRY GOODS, HATS, and SHOES always on hand. 

Full stock GROCERIES, HARDWARE, FURNITTRE. 

DONT FORGET THE PLAGE. 

JOS. A. ISi-EY& BRO.5 

Burlington, N. C. 




BR ITT & ELEY. 

•J:-' WASHINGTON SQUARE SUFFOLK, VA- 
THE LEADING DRY GOODS, SHOES 

AND CLOTHING HOUSE 

SUITS MADE TO ORDER 

FIT GUARANTEED. 



Adnertisements. 



B. A. SElxLARS & SON,:n<s^ 



BTJi^LinsrcB-TOisr, isr. c. 



We have over 

6,000 

Pairs of Shoes 

For ycu to select from. 



For 



DRY GOODS 

and SHOES. 



J. lYl. MEIMDRIX A. CO. 

221 South Elm St., GREENSBORO, N. C. 



THE FAMOUS ODELL TYPEWRITER 



THE LATEST IMPROVED. 

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.'>8 Dearborn Street 

CHICAGO, ILL. 



SPECIAL OFFER. 

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office and library , on receipt of $9 we will 

shii) one of eur $10 machines. You can use it 

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then, if you accept it, pay us $3 a month until 

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I Hemit by refjristered letter. P. O. or money 

order. Address, 

ODELL TYPEWRITER COMPANY, 



Advertisements. 



(\ ConPLETE JTOCK. 

We are receiviiiij daily our FALL STOCK of CLOTHING, HATS and FURNISHING GOODS 
We have just returnedfrom the Northern Markets where we spent about two weeks in selecting- 
our stock, and we have bought goods at the VERY LOWEST CASH PRICES and expect to give 
our customers the benefit of these low prices. 

We have sold our Spring and Summer Goods down very close, so our stock this fall will be a 
COMPLETE NEW STOCK. 

We can show you all the Latest Styles in Men's, Boys, Chtldrens' Clothing,Hats, and other goods 
carried in our line. Very truly. 



L R. 



W. R. RANKIN, Manager. 

230 S- ETjJ^d: ST- (3-K.EE3Sr3BOE-0, IT- O- 



-^FURNITURE 



Wholesale 
and Retail 
Dealer in 



V 



®arpei:5, W\a^{\n^<y, Oilclotl^^, TrUnH^. Vs/tndoW ^l^ade^, 

Pifte WIOOliES. fe^ 236 south Elm St. GREENSBORO, N. C- 

^ E. B. KIRKPATRICK, Manager. 

J^^ Up bolstering and Repair shop in charge of J. J, OTTERBOROUGH. .^ 



E. Kl. CALdSgH & BRO. 

A^ l>ealeiv in China, Glassware, etc. 
.jm^f Fine Lamps and Chandaliers a 
'^' Specialty. * =, * ^ * * 

219 South Kim St. Greensboro, N. C. 



J. A. LONG, 

ATTORNEY AT LAW. 

GRAHAM, N. C. 
LIVERY STABLE. 

AT 

ELON COLLEGE. 

Hacks and Buggies, with nice teams furnishe<l 
at reasonable prices, Drayage well attended to 
Your patronage is respectfully solicited. 

J. B. GERINGER, Propt'r. 



Advertisemnts. 



^s^^8m^^^m^3m®)l^^^jmfym'i^B?5'S&^c. 



^ 



Located on the N. C. R. R, 
Twenty one miles from 
Greensboro, four miles 
from Burlington. 

Session began September 1st. 
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION NA/^RITE TO 



Advertisements, 



D.W. C. HARRIS 



\( 



Qjl 




SOUTH BLOUNT STREET, RALEIGH, N. C. 

It Is positively the most reliable Iiouse for 



m 



i: 



IC^ 



Sv-- 



-a5 



"^l^ 



.m' 



B^^Send Sample Job, which will be Shipped to you Free of Charge 
Address all orders to D. W. C. HARRIS, Raleigh N. C. 



flRTHURDflVlJ 

PHOTOGRAPHIC STUDIO 

(SHELBURNS OLD STAND.) 

I have secured the services of Mr. J. W. 
Thomas tor the next year. Mr. Thomas has 
studied the business under the finest instructors 
lor four years. With him and other help we 
guarantee as good work as can be had in any 
larger city and at a 

MUCH SMALLER COST 
Olil iiictnres «'opied and enlarg^^d, at short 
notice. A large stock of fraiues on hand, 

Crayon Portraits a specialty 

PAYNES Graham 

J^EADING 

BARBERS, 

NEXT 

BLOCK 

TO DEPOT 
South Kluj St. 

GREENSBORO, N. C- 



Di^. Geo. ft5. liONG, 

IvxtntiiiiHi' in the Practice of Medicine. 

GRAHAM, N. C. 



S- 1-. Ai-DKRMAN, 



Leadipvg 




PKotograpKer. 



a 




Finest 




i 


Work 


• 


At 




Short 






Notice 


A 






Complete 


•1 




Line 


J 




Of 


i 




Frames. 




i 


Give me a call f 


'DrrMC 


South Kim .St. (j 


(KrhWh 





__ 








C F. NEESE, 

LEADING JEWELER 

BURLINGTON, N. <:. 
113^ First class work on short notice. ..ja 



'4 "^ 



\^%v, 






•'" R-I-P'A-N-5 

TAB 










Hi. 


l^ 


ill 


St 


iiul 


s\ 


I'M 


ll.Jl 



' ' on ihc kidat.-).s, l;vci', fcliji: 

m cii'iii^tuully ; iiis.pcl.4;o. 
\ ' -ivstipatioii, nrakir.. 
c stomach Antl t-- 
,c-.c;i.:t.s. A,si;i^'!c 'I'M'.: LV. l;.^:en after the "evening 
l)efv;rij rciirjag, orjJoJtUr-'stlil, pt tli.' v.uMv.cnt v.'!i" 
icatii^n i.»-ivotcd ofan approiichu 
ii of iiuli^ostuni or dtijiressioii 
ihs wtiolt^ 
wichonf. f ' - -, 



n the 



I- 



J3 



7A-.sqi'Ju- 



■ cher.tl^an a si 



ii?)^t:. 



J*1 



.■>yaii»i'-i. 
, ini^l'efiNC 



If you stlff*r frorti Hoaiiiclie, Dyspcp*l« 

•'■ 1."' ^re IHIiou:;, C-"-' ';•■«'•••*. »? I).»v« 

It y«»Mr Complexion »k f^^M-i'" 

F«r (N(eosrv« Kreiith •ii4 Alt !>i .< 
•f tb« SUiatacb.' . . / 



^^•PANS TAi 



Ripans Tahui. 



K kiPANS TA'BIJL}/ 
niPANS TApULKS 

! J//./ Pn'srrv.' flu' fh;iJ(Ji. 
tiASV JUTAKIi. QUICK TO AC i 

May hf 

mail rin r^' 

aj;e<4 iKixt... ^., , ,.. 

THE HIiNlNS CHEWtCAV. CO<. 

•o Si>RUCe STSEF.T. NF.W YORK. # 



aiPANS TABULE* 

• A COMPCETR 



MEl>ICiNE CHEST j 

..r 2 





* ^QH^WMjSf^* 




are a 



'•tv-'fc-y 



^n 



htv- ' 





VOL.111. NOVEMBER. 1893. NO. 2. 



THE ^ 



lEIon College Monthly, 



* 
* 
^ 



PUBLISHED BY 



^ 
^ 
* 
* 
* 
* 



^ THE LITERARY SOCIETIES, f 



^ ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 



* 
* 



^ 



5 EDlTDHIflL STfiFF. ^ 

^ Prof. E. L. MOFFITT, Altimni Editor. ^ 

^ Clio Society. Psipheliajs Society. Philologian Society, ^ 

^ , .^ J. H. JONES. Miss ROWENA MOFFITT. D. W. COCHRAN. ^ 

' ^ W. J. LAINE. MisB IRENE CLEMENTS. S. M. SMITH. ^ 

4 




S BUSINESS MfiNflEERS. ^ 

^ Clio Society. Psiphelian Society. Philologian Society, xk. 

^ W. H. BOONE. Miss EMMA WILLIAMSON. W. D. HARWARD. ^ 



CONTENTS. 

CONTRIBUTIONS : 

Public Schools of North Carolina. W. P. Lawrence. 

PtJBUC Schools of Virginia. J. H. Jones. 

Dkaf and Dumb and Blind of North Carolina. W. J. Laine. 

Washington Irving. G. W. Tickle. 

The Spirit that Animates. J. W. Harrell. 

EDITORIAL : 

Influence of Public Libraribs. Rowena Moffltt. 

A College Necessity. J H. Jones. 

A Motive, an Ideal, an End. D. W. Cochran. 

Locals and Fersonals. S. M. Smith. 

y. M. C. A. W. J. Lalne. 

EicuANOx NoTss. Irene Clementa. 

Clippings. "W. J. Lain«. 

'1^ 





Class 



Book 



^^^S COUEGf as,^^^ 




ELON COLLEGE, N. C 



,t^,J3.4^. / ?J^^ 



AN AWAKENING OFFER, 

^THE ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY 
^A LITERARY MAGAZINE. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE ; 

One Year ^^^^ 

Six Months ./ ^^^ 

Six Subscriptions, One Tear ...'. ..'. '. '. ' '. *.' '. [ ', .* *,' ...'.*.'.*.".".."."..".','[,'.'* [ g^ 

Nvw^Hm?r®Qfe''^rn^^*^?Ste?i^®''^**J^•^ ^^ will give a LIGHT RUNNlNa 
a^W HOME SEWING MACHINE, with latest attachments. 

± or 20 cash subscribers at 11.00 a year we will give cue ODELL TYPE WRITER, 
(double case.) 

DfcTlONARY^^''"^^'^^ *' *^"^^ ^® ^^^ ^"^® °^® WEBSTER'S INTERNATIONAL 
For 10 subscribers at $1.00 we will give one ROCHESTER PARLOR LAMP 

ADVERTISERS 

will do well to note that all students are pledged to their societies to patronize those whose 
advertisements are inserted. 

our^ei ^P^' "^'^^^ appeals for your subscription, and asks your agentship in procuring 

SEND ITOR SAMI^LE COPY. 

For further information address 

MANAGERS, 
Elon College, N. C. 



C. M. VANSTORY, & CO. 

HE:i?LDQU^A.IlTEIlS FOR 

Fine Clothing, Hats and Gent's Furnishing Goods. 

We carry all the best makes and latest styles. 

We are wholesale agents for the following manufacturers and impor- 
ters : 

THE STEIN BLOCK CO., TAILOR MADE CLOTHING, SLCOLS BROS. & CO.. 
HAMBERGER BROS. & CO., AND STROUSE & BROS., FINE DRESS AND 
SCHOOL SUITS FOR men, youths and boys, MANHATTAN dress shirts, WILSON 

BROS. FINE NECK WEAR UNDERWARE. 

We have the Largest and Finest Stock in North Carolina. 
All Elon College Professors and Students are requested to make our 
store their home when in Greensboro. ■ 

SXJTIVS MADE.TO ORDEK 

in ten days. Fit guaranteed. Everything at the lowest cash prices., do 
not fail to see our stock before 3'ou buy. Respectfully, 



C. 



213 Soutn Elm St. 



GREENSBORO, N. C. 



DR. G. W. KERNODEE, 

Practicing Physician, 

ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 
Calls in country promptly attended to. 
OFFICE AT RESIDENCE. 



DR. Ji M MORHOW: 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

HOLT BUILDING, 

Corner Front and Main Streets. 



Mrs. Kate E. Thompson, 

MftMIFlI 

ISfiBLISlllIf 

Is now filled with nice goods. 

You are always welcome in its parlors. 

New Post-olll.c liuiklin- BURLINGTON, N. C. 

Mam ht, ' 



BUSINESS DEPARTMENT. 

MANAGERS : 
W. H. BOONE, Traveling Agent. 

MISS EMMA WILLIAMSON, Soliciting Agent. 

W. D. HARWARD, Mailing Agent. 



RATES OF ADVERTISING. 

1 Page, 1 iuscrton $3 50 1 1 Page, 10 mouths $30 00 

1^ " 1 " 250 K •' " " 2200 

V " 1 " 150 IK " " " l-iOO 

V " 1 " lOOIJ/ " " " 700 



Subscribers not receiving tlieir Monthly will please notify the mailing Agent, 
tify him of the change in your P. O. address. 



Always no- 



SUBSCRIBERS WILL PLEASe PAY THEIR DUES AT ONGE. 

STUDENTS DIRECTORY. 



ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Herndou & (Jo. 

J. P. Geringer, Livery 

Elon College Monthly. 

Elon College. 

Dr. G W Kernodle, Physician, 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

Dr R M Morrow, Dentist. 

Thomas & Zachary, Photograbhers. 

C F Neese, Jeweler. 

J A Isley &, Bro General Merchandise. 

B A Sellars & Son, Clothing, etc. 

Miss K E Thompson, Milliner. 

GRAHAM, N. C. 

J A Long, Attorney at Law. 

Dr G W Long, Examiner in Practice of Medicine. 

SUFFOLK, VA. 

Britt & Eley, Clothing, Shoes, etc. 



GREENSBORO, N. C. 

C M Vanstory & Co., Clothiers and Hatters 

S L Alderman, Photograpjier, 

J M Hendrix, Dry Goods and Shoes. 

D N Kirkpatrick, Furniture, Carpets, etc, 

E M Caldcleugh & Bro, China, Glassware, 

E R Fishblate, Clothier and Hatter, 

Payne and &raham. Barbers. 

RALEIGH, N. C. 

D W C Harris, /Steam Dye Works. 

CHICAGO, ILL. 

OdcU Type Writer Company. 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

F & C Ecrriam Co. 

CHAPEL HILL, N. G. 

University, N. C. 



THE 



ELON COLLEGE MONTHLY, 



VOLUME III 



NOVEMBER 1893. 



NUMBER 2. 



NOTICE. 


TERMS OF SUBSCRirTION. 


Correspondents will please send all matter in- 


One dollar per seliolastic vear, easli in aclvauec- 


tended for publication to 


Reniittanees ^should be made jiavable to 


The Editous, 


Business Managers, 


EInu College, N. C. 


Elon Collejrc, N. C 



THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA. 



It has been well said that an 
educated citizenship is indispen- 
sible to good government in a 
republic. This fact has been 
recognized in every State in the 
Union ; and accordingly some 
system of public education has 
been inaugurated. These sys- 
tems vary in their nature in nearr 
ly every State, there being no 
two that have exactly the same 
system. 

It is here proposed to discuss 
briefly the public school system 
in North Carolina ; and the dis- 
cussion will be taken up in the 
order of the origin, the progress, 
the present condition, and some 
of the needs of the present pub- 
lic school system. 

The public records as compil- 
ed by the school authorities are 
the best history extant of the sys- 
tem and its workings. A mere 
paper like this would not justify 
the time and labor that would be 
necessary to spend among the 
public records in order to give a 
detailed account of the origin 
and progress of the system. Con- 
sequently, whatever is taken 



from the public records will be 
statistics and bare facts, which 
will furnish the foundation of 
the discussion in the first two di- 
visions of the subject. However 
empty and misleading statistics 
may sometimes appear those 
given here may be taken as au- 
thentic. The importance of a 
system of education was felt even 
before the close of the Revolu- 
tion. The first impulse given 
to the germ of educational senti- 
ment, was an act of the State 
Legislature in 1786 when the 
State University was chartered. 
Nine years later, in 1795, the 
University, as the lighted torch 
of public education, entered upon 
its work. The students from 
the University like sparks from 
a burning flame carried its influ- 
ence to all parts of the State. 
The educational sentiment grew, 
was talked freely among private 
citizens and found the first pub- 
lic demonstration in the Legis- 
lature of 1 8 16 in a report made 
by Judge Murphy. In this re- 
port he urged the establishment 
of a judicious system of public 



The Elon College Monthly. 



schools. But the State had no 
funds to support a system of 
schools. Neither did it have 
any large resources from which 
to draw funds to supply the sys- 
tem if established. Soon after 
the close of the Revolution the 
State ceded to the National Gov- 
ernment, the whole territory now 
constituting the State of Tennes- 
see. In this gift the State for- 
feited a vast territory that might 
have otherwise been converted 
into an ample school fund. But 
we are not condemning the ac- 
tion of the State in its generosity 
in helping to pay the heavy 
debt incurred by the seven years, 
struggle for liberty. 

Notwithstanding the opposi- 
tion that seem to defy the exis- 
tence and support of a system of 
schools, the demand soon rose 
above the opposition, and in 1825 
the Legislature provided for the 
establishment of a system of pub- 
lic schools in which all white 
children between the ages of 6 
and 21 should be allowed free 
tuition. 

The funds providing for the 
support of the schools "consisted 
in the dividends arising from 
the stocks then held or after- 
wards acquired by the State in 
the banks of Newbern and Cape 
Fear, the stocks owned by the 
State in the Cape Fear Naviga- 
tion Company,the Roanoke Nav- 
igation Company, and the Club- 
foot and Harlowc Creek Canal 
Company, the taxes imposed by 
law on license to retailers of spir- 
ituous liquors," and the money 



obtained from a few other minor 
sources. The funds were small 
and the schools did but little 
good up to about 1840. In 1837 
the General Government trans- 
ferred to the Literary Fund the 
State's share of the surplus de- 
posit fund. This increased the 
school fund to over $2,000,000. 

Two years later in 1839 ^^^^ 
common school system was 
adopted by popular vote. From 
this time it was in successful .op- 
eration and did much towards 
educating the youth of the State 
up to the Civil War when the 
entire school tund was squander- 
ed. In 1850 the number of 
schools was 2657, of pupils 104- 
095, The income was $158,564. 
In i860 the income had increas- 
ed to $268,719, with a propor- 
tional increase in attendance. 

At the close of the Civil War the 
State was bankrupt, and conse- 
quently as destitute of a school 
fund asit wasin 1816. Not only 
was the school fund gone, but the 
school population had been in- 
creased several thousand by the 
addition of the recentl}^ emanci- 
pated negro children. What 
could be done? The public 
school question now presented 
a diHerent phase from what it 
ever had done before. 

Without giving a detailed ac- 
count of the various acts of the 
Legislature since 1865, which 
have provided for the public 
school system as it now is, we 
will give a brief description of 
the present sj^stem. 

The present system of public 



The Elon College Monthly 



schools is a feature of the State 
Constitution and is supported 
principally by direct taxation. 
The oversight of the schools is 
intrusted to a State Board of Ed- 
ucation, consisting of the Gov- 
erner, Secretary of State, Treas- 
urer, Auditor, Attorney-General, 
and a Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Instruction. The Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction is 
the only member of the Board 
that is elected to his othce by a 
direct vote of the people ; the 
others being made members of 
the Board by virtue of their ofli- 
ces. 

The Supt. of Public Instruc- 
tion has the supervision of tin- 
public schools all over the State. 
But every countv has a Board 
whose function in the count}^ is 
similar to thit of the St.ite Board 
in the State. The County Board 
consists of thv'^e men >rle.:t'^ ■ 
biennially b}' iiie cou: ly com- 
missioners anc' justices -^f taj 
peace in joint sessiou. This 
Board in joint session with the 
body which elects the Board, 
elects biennially a County Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction 
who has charge of the County 
Institute for white teachers, as 
provided by the laws of 1893. 
He has th- general sui)t-i . i<?ion 
of th^* sch' in his oov.nty, and 
is e.xpet ted to cur y out as far 
as possible ihe plans and sugg^^s- 
tions of the State Superintendeu 
of Public Instruction. 

Each county is sub-divided 
into school districts of conven- 
ient size ; there being separate 



districts for the two races. The 
improvements on the school prop- 
erty in the various districts now 
amounts to about $21,000 annu- 
ally. Many districts have very 
poor equipments for schools ; but 
with the present rate of improve- 
ment continued a few years long- 
er, nearly ever}' district in the 
State will have a comfortable 
and well equipped school build- 
ing; whereas, now, many of tlie 
public school buildings are log 
houses, poorly lighted, inade- 
quately heated, and furnished 
with no other seats or desks than 
ordinary benches. 

The present system is one of 
efficiency when compared with 
the economy with which it is ex- 
ecuted. 

The course of stud}' as prepar- 
ed by the Supt. of Public Instruc- 
tion includes eleven grades ; and 
is gradual' finding favor 

amongst the schools. It is al- 
ready in successful application 
in some schools. 

To prepare white teachers for 
then* profession, a Normal De- 
partment has been added to the 
State University. The State 
has tv^'^ent}' scholarships given 
everv two years in the Peabody 
Normal College, Nashville, Tenn. 
'^ Vorm al and Industrial Scliool 

r rJTii has been buill: at Greens- 
^r>i- . N. C. And each county 
jicis a county Institute for at 
\uV one week every year for 
'•■aining teachers. No one can 
teach in the public schools unless 
he has attended the Countv In- 
stitute, 



The Elon College Monthly. 



The colored teachers receive 
special training in the six Nor- 
mal Colored Schools, located at 
Fayetteville, Salisbury, Warren- 
ton, Plymouth, Goldsboro, and 
Elizabeth Cit)'. The total atten- 
tendance in these six schools in 
1892 was 821 being an average 
of 137 to the school. 

Some facts and statistics as 
shown by the report of the 
State Supt. of Pub. Instruction 
for 1892 are instructive and val- 
uable. 

The number of school sub- 
ject^ between six and twenty- 
one years of age was 598,256. 
Of this number 386,560 were 
white and 211,696 were colored. 

The total enrollment was 337,- 
372. Of these 215,919 were 
white and 119,441 were colored. 
The average attendance of 
whites was 133,001, of colored 
66,746, total 198,747. From the 
best information we can obtain, 
about 38, 400 of the public school 
population were enrolled in pri- 
vate schools and colleges. If 
this number be added to the en- 
rollment in the public schools 
and the sum subtracted from the 
entire school population, we find 
that 222,483 children were not 
enrolled in any school. These 
llgures however, are not exactl}^ 
correct as there were several pri- 
vate schools that did not report 
attendance. However, we would 
be safe in saying that at least 
200,000 or a little over one-third 
of the children were not in any 
school. 

The number of school districts 
was 7,555. Number of schools 
taught 6,979. It is seen from 



these reports that 576 districts 
had ncr schools, but about 350 of 
these used their funds in build- 
ing new houses. 

The average length of the 
school term was 12.35 weeks, 
being an increase of less than 
one week since 1884, a period of 
eight years. 

The a\'erage salary of teach- 
ers was $23.00 per month, being 
a fractibn^lower than it was eight 
3^ears ago. 

The best public school receipts 
including the special taxes for 
the city gracled schools, which 
run from eight to ten months in 
the year, was a little over $800,- 
000, against $580,311 in 1884. 

The apparent inconsistency in 
the large increase of receipts with 
so small an increase in the length 
of the school term, and a slight 
decrease in the salary of teach- 
ers is due to an increase of 761 
districts during the eight years. 

The receipts of the school 
funds as has alread}^ been stated 
are principally derived from di- 
rect taxation. 

According to the laws of 1893 
every poll is taxed 4.8 cts. and 
every $100 worth of real estate 
or personal property 16 cts. to 
support public schools. Besides 
these taxes the State has, a per- 
manent school fund of $152,250 
invested in four per cent, bonds, 
and $2,000 bearing six per cent, 
interest. 

All lines, forfeitures, penalties, 
and taxes on the sale of spiritu- 
ous liquors go to the school fund 
also. 

Having gotten some idea of 
the origin, progress and the pres- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



ent condition of the public school 
system, let the last division of 
the discussion tind a place in hon- 
est consideration while we en- 
deavor to speak of some of the 
needs of the system. 

When one thinks of the two 
hundred thousand children in 
N. C, that every year tind their 
way into no school whatever ; 
when one learns that the majority 
of prisoners who have cost the 
State over ten million dollars 
within the last twenty-five 3^ears, 
are illiterate and degraded in 
morals ; when the authorities of 
the State prison tell us that for the 
last twelve years only one col- 
lege-bred man, and onl}'^ five or 
six fairly educuted persons have 
been sent to the penitentiary, 
the imperative need of a com- 
pulsory system of education is 
strongly impressed. If these 
two hundred thousand children 
who are growing up in almost 
absolute illitcrac}' were compell- 
ed to attend school at least two 
months every year during their 
public school age, a vast amount 
of the crime that is now in our 
midst poisoning society, would • 
be prevented. The State would 
have a wiser and more loyal 
citizenship. Many of our hovels 
would be made- intelligent and 
pleasant homes. 

Space will not permit a dis- 
cussion of the great need of com- 
pulsory education. So we pass 
on to another and greater need. 
The one great need just now is 
legislation providing for more 
funds, and a closer collection of 
poll-tax. 

The schools can never hope to 



have better teachers than the}- 
now have unless their salaries 
arc raised and a lonijer term of 
employment is insured. Who 
can be a professional teacher, 
working three months in the 
gear at $23 00 per month? 

While onl}.' 6j per cent of the 
white polls are insolvent, 28 per 
cent of the negro poll tax is 
never collected. 

Neither ')f the above named 
needs can be realized without 
legislation ; but there is one wa}' 
by which the schools in many 
sections may be made better un- 
der the present school law. 

Any township may vote a 
special tax to support a rural 
graded school within its bounds. 
There are scores of townships in 
the States that could support a 
firstjjclass graded school by voting 
this special tax. Let the build- 
ings for such schools be erected 
in the central part of the tov/n- 
ships, so that students living near 
the boundary of the township 
could go to and from the school 
once ever}?- week. The trustees 
should be the best men for the 
position that could be found in 
the township. Thus by estab- 
lisl ingagraded school in a town- 
ship a reading room and librar}- 
could be added which would con- 
tribute much to the educational 
advantages of the school, which 
advantages can never hope to 
be found in the ordinar)' country 
jiublic school. Besides this ad- 
vantage, the very best teaching 
talent could be secured and the 
schools could run from 6 to 8 
months in the year. 

In such schools students would 



6 



The Elon College MonthlV. 



be prepared for practical life or 
for ccjllege, as the case might be, 
at a much less cost than is now 
necessary when they have to 
leave home and pa}-- both board 
and tuition in some academ}- or 
high school no better, doubtless, 
than the graded school would be. 
Through this medium the com- 
petition between principals of the 



ordinary high schools all through 
the ^State, would be prevented ; 
and the poor teachers whom 
competition has reduced almost 
to paupers w^ould [Jfind emplo}-- 
ment in the township graded 
schools at stated salaries which 
v/ould keep soul and bod}- togeth- 
er in a comfortable manner. 

W. P. Lawrence. 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF VIRGINIA. 



On an examination of the 
standing and wealth of the Old 
Dominion one cannot but be im- 
pressed with the vastness of its 
public school system. The value 
of her school property, the a- 
mount expended for educational 
purposes, and the number em- 
ployed in its service, show the 
interest that is being taken. 

However, if we for a moment 
think of the number of states- 
men she has produced, and the 
part she has played in this gov- 
ernment, we are not surprised 
to find such results. And we 
are glad to find that the same 
spirit still exists in her living 
statesmen ; as may be seen from 
their words. They say that, "the 
Public school work is but little 
less than the education of a gen- 
eration." Also that the future 
welfare of the government and 
of society depend largely on the 
nature of the instruction given 
to those who are to govern and 
control it. We see, therefore, 
that Va. is sensible of the needs 
of the coming generation, and is 
prei:>:iring its citizens for the 
great social and political ques- 



tions that are now confrontinpf 



us. 



She is not only aware of the 
needs of this generation, but is, 
as a few statistics will show, 
giving no little attention to the 
destruction of ignorance and 
superstition, and to the construc- 
tion of intelligence and good 
morals. 

The statistcis for the year 1889 
90 show that there were 7,511 
common or low grade schools 
in operation, running an aver- 
age of 118 da3^s per annum, and 
having on roll 342,269 pupils, 
taught by 7,523 teachers. Of 
these 7,511 schools 5,358 were 
for white pupils and 2,153 for 
colored. Of the 342,269 pupils 
on roll 220,210 were white and 
122,059 colored ; the average of 
these was 10.8 years, and the 
average cost of their tuition per 
month was 60 cts. Of the 7,523 
teachers 5,550 were white and 
1,973 colored. Of the teachers 
both white and colored 3,119 
were male, who get an average 
salary of $31.69 per month. 
While the 4,404 female teachers 
get an average salary of only 



The Elon College Monthly. 



$26.61 per month. Hence the 
disadvantage of being a woman 
teacher in Va. amounts to no- 
thing less than $5.08 per month. 
This we think is unjust. 

Besides the number of com- 
mon shools there were 546 grad- 
ed schools. Of these 546 graded 
schools 422 were for white pupils 
and 124 for colored. These 
schools have on roll from 31 to 
1,673 pupils each, and have from 
2 to 29 teachers, each. The 
one that has 29 teachers and 
1 ,673 pupils is a colored school 
in the city of Lynchburg. This 
city has another colored school 
of the same grade with 28 teach- 
ers and 1,477 pupils. Also one 
school of same grade for whites, 
composed of 200 pupils and em- 
ploying only five teachers. Most 
of these graded schools have 
only two teachers, and very few 
of them have more than six. The 
majority of these have less than 
100 pupils, and comparatively^ 
few have more than 250. The 
average cost of the tuition in 
these schools is about 85 cts. per 
month. 

The amount of expenditures 
for school purposes during the 
year was indeed no trifle. The 
following are the statistics (the 
building of new houses being 
excluded.) The amount of sal- 
ary paid to teachers $1,248,355. 
Amount for libraries, maps, 
globes, charts, blackboards, etc, 
$'3-730- For other expenses, 
such as payment of clerks, rents, 
lights, fuel, etc., $173. 537 — mak- 
ing a total of $1,435,622. 



The number of public school 
houses in Va. is 6,408. Of these 
30 are built of stone, 163 of 
brick, 4,490 are frame, and 1,725 
are built of logs. This propert}^ 
with adjacent grounds and fur- 
niture is estimated at $2,235,- 
085. _ 

The superintendents in charge 
of this work travelled, for school 
purposes during the year, 88,- 
186 miles; examined 8,703 
teachers; paid 14,186 school 
visits — the average length of each 
visit being one hour and twenty 
minutes ; and received a com- 
bined salary of $45,658. 

This seems like a vast amount 
of work done, but still there is 
much 3'et to be done, for the 
school census shows that there 
are in the State 652,045 chil- 
dren between the ages of five 
and twenty-one. Of thesre 376,- 
657 are white, and 275,388 col- 
ored. Of the 376,657 whites 
28 per cent, or a little over |, are 
unable to read and 35 per cent, 
or more than {-, unable to write. 
Of the 275,^88 colored children, 
48 per cent, or about ^, are un- 
able to read, and 57 per cent, or 
about 3-5 are unable to write. 
Of the whole number of the col- 
ored population in the State 
465,100 have attended some 
school either public or private ; 
while 186,915 have not yet been 
reached. Of the whole number 
between five and twent3^-one, 
^6 per cent, or more than ^, have 
not yet had an opportunity to 
learn to read tiieir liible. 

J. II. Jones. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



DEAF AND DUMB AND BLIND, OF NORTH CAROLINA. 



The North Carolina Institute 
for the deaf and dumb and blind, 
is an institution of modern times. 

The question of providing for 
the education of this unfortunate 
class was not agitated until the 
year 1843, Governor Morehead 
and others urged upon the state 
to establish such an institution. 
And on Jan. 12th, 1845, the Gen- 
eral assembly of North Carolina 
passed a bill providing for the 
education and maintenance of 
the poor and indigent deaf- 
mutes and blind persons in the 
State, and made an annual ap- 
propiation of $5,000. A Board 
of Supervisors was appointed 
with Gov. Graham ex-officio 
Pres. of the Board.. 

The Board secured a building 
on Hillsboro St., Raleigh, N. C, 
and the school was organized 
with Wm. D. Cooke, A. M. 
Principal. On the ist. day of 
May 1845 the school opened 
with seven pupils, and during 
the session seventeen entered. 

At the session of the General 
Assembly of North Carolina in 
1847, an act was passed to pro- 
vide for the erection of a suitable 
buildinji for the comfortable ac- 
commodation of deaf-mutes and 
blind persons in the State. The 
act appropiated $5,000 for the 
erection of this building. On the 
14th day of May, 1849 the cor- 
ner stone of this building was 
laid by the Grand Lodge of 
Masons. 



In 1 85 1, Mr. Jno. Kelly of 
Orange Co., N. C, bequeathed 
$6,000, to aid in educating this 
defective class. The will pro- 
vided that only the interest on 
this tund should be used. 

Mr. Cooke remained Princi- 
pel until i860, at which time he 
was succeeded by Mr. W. J. 
Palmer, who remained until 
1869. The school was kept open 
during the entire time of the 
Civil War, although the means 
for maintenance were very limit- 
ed. Mr. Jno. Nichols succeed- 
ed Mr. Palmer as Principel ; and 
in 1 87 1 Mr. Nichols was suc- 
ceeded by Mr, S. F. Tomlinson, 
who had no knowledge or ex- 
perience in such work. But Mr. 
Tomlinson remained only two 
years, being succeeded in 1873 
by Mr. Nichols whom he had so 
recently supsrceeded. These 
rapid changes were made on 
political grounds. About this 
time the Gov. appointed a Board, 
among whom was a negro, who 
could not sign his own name. 
Under such management were 
North Carolina's poor imfortun- 
ate children placed for their phy- 
sical, mental, moral and spiritual 
training. 

In 1877 Mr. H. A. Gudger 
was elected Principel. During 
his administration the articula- 
tion department was introduced. 
(Scientific investigation has 
proven that those who are born 
deaf are not dumb because of 



The Elon College Monthly 



defective vocal organs, and the 
reason they can't speak is be- 
cause they have never heard 
language spoken, just as we, do 
not speak Chinese because we 
have never heard it. The deaf 
may be taught to speak by 
watching the movement of the 
mouth of their teacher.) In 1883 
M. Gudger resigned and Mr. 
W. J. Young succeeded him. 
At this time there were 193 pu- 
pils on the roll. Notwithstand- 
ing all these changes which the 
institution has undergone, it has 
steadily increased until the en- 
rollment in 1893 numbers 299 
pupils. 

In 1868 the General Assem- 
bly of North Carolina made pro- 
vissions for the education of the 
colored deaf and dumb and 
blind children in the State. North 
Carolina was the first State to 
provide an institution for the 
colored race. The colored de- 
partment was opened on the z|th 
of Jan. 1869, with 26 pupils. 
The institution for the colored 
is a commodious, well arranged 
building, more suitable for its 
purpose than the building for 
the white children. 

The institution at Raleigh has 
had very limited facilities for 
educating this unfortunate class 
caring for less than one hundred, 
while four hundred others in the 
State are growing up in ignor- 
ance. Many of these poor unfort- 
unate children have been turned 
away because there was not room 
for them. Seeing that these build- 
ings were not sufficient, by the 
earnest solicitations of friends, 
the General Assembly on the 



7th of March, 1 891, created and 
established the new North Caro- 
lina School for the deaf and 
dumb at Morganton,N. C. 

The first bricks were laid 
by two deaf children, Maggie L. 
Grand and Robert Miller, on 
May the|i6th 1892. This building 
is three stories high, 256 ft. long, 
containing 150 rooms and will 
accommodate 300 children. In 
this institution will be taught 
several industrial trades and 
arts — such as printing, tailoring, 
carpentry, free-hand and indus- 
trial drawing, shoe making, 
broom and mattress making, and 
practical farming, gardening and 
dairying. This building is now 
about complete and will be oc- 
cupied in the fall of 1894. 

The above is a brief historical 
sketch of the educational move- 
ment for the deaf and dumb and 
blind of North Carolina. 

The following facts were ob- 
tained in a private letter from 
. Mr. E. McK. Goodwin, advisory 
Supt. of the new school at Mor- 
ganton. 

There are known to exist in 
the State of North Carolina a- 
bout 725 blind persons under 23 
years of age, and about 700 deaf 
children. The whole number in 
the State, all ages, is aproxim; t- 
ed at from 3,000 to 3,300. The 
State now appropiates to the in- 
stitutions of both races $40,000 
per annum. The buildings in 
the State cost about $25.ooo,and 
were given by the State exclu- 
sively. 

North Carolina has not ke^ t 
apace, in educating her unfortu- 
nate children, with other states. 



lo 



^HE Elon College Monthly 



So far she has done almost no- 
thing in the way of industrial 
training. 

North Carolina has never had 
a student to graduate from our 
National College for the deaf 
and dumb and blind, and while 
many of the States have from 1 2 
to 16 students there all the time, 
North Carolina has only one. 
This one is taking a very fine 
stand. 

Of the 3,000 or 3,300 unfortu- 
nates in the State, there are 
about as many of one sex, as the 
other, and not more than 50 % 
^have ever attended school at all, 
while many only go a year or 
two, receiving only a mere start 
towards an education. Those 
who stay in school from five to 
eight years receive a common 
school education. The blind are 
more easily taught than the deaf. 

In Mr. Goodwin's letter he 
says that those of this pitiful 
class who are educated are usu- 
ally happy, law-abiding citizens,. 
but those who are not educated 
are surely the unhappiest per- 
sons living, and are most to be 
pitied of all specimens of hvi- 
manity. 

There are many in North 
Carolina who do not know their 
own names, and who have never 
had the faintest conception of 
their Saviour. Among the edu- 
cated, many of both classes are 
happy Christians and lead up- 
right lives. The blind children 
attend the various churches in 
the city, and receive , religious 
training in the school. The deaf 
get their religious training from 
.their teachers in school. 



Many of the uneducated, as 
has been said, do not know their 
own names. They have no ade- 
quate idea of the v/orld in which 
they live, and not even the faint- 
est conception of the great 
eternity to which they are hast- 
ening. Should not we, who are 
blessed with the unappreciable 
senses of hearing and seeing let 
our hearts go ■ out in sympathy 
and love, for those poor, pitiful 
and unfortunate people. How 
pitiful, how helpless they are ! 
living in a world of utter dark- 
ness ; deprived of the senses of 
seeing ; complete strangers to 
the beauties of nature , incapable 
of enjo3nng the pleasant light of 
the sun ; deprived of ever be- 
holding the faces of friends and 
loved ones, with no ray of light 
to catch those congenial smiles 
of a dear loving mother ; no ears 
to hear a word of S3aTipathy from 
friends ; the sweet strains of 
music, the singing of the birds 
are to them as the music of the 
spheres. No tongue to express 
their need or desire, their joy or 
grief, their pleasure or pain. Iso- 
lated from all the world, drag- 
ging out their miserable and 
wretched lives in iitter silence 
and darkness. God pity and 
bless the deaf and dumb and 
blind ! Oh ! selfish humanit}'-, 
can we not make some sacrifice 
and help those poor unfortunate 
creatures to get soiue idea of 
those pleasures which all others 
seem so much to enjo}' ? If we 
neglect them, will it not be bet- 
ter for them than for us in the 
day of judgment, when the scales 
shall fall from their blinded ej^es, 



T'hS Elon College Monthlyj 



^i 



when tKeif tongues shall be loos- 
ed, and they, in full posession of 
all their faculties, may enter in- 
to the New Jerusalem and there, 



for the first tiffie, use those facul- 
ties in singing the song of the 
redeemed? 

W, J. Laine. 



WASHINGTON IRVING. 



With the first decade of the 
nineteenth century it began to 
be possible to breath some other 
atmosphere than that of war and 
politics. This was the moment 
for the budding forth of a new 
literature. The writers them- 
selves rejoiced in their strength, 
because nothing produced by 
their successors had the same 
charm and novelty. Washing- 
ton Irving was the first in the 
field. He possessed the rare and 
invaluable endowment of a 
thoroughly healthy nature ; noth- 
ing bitter, morbid or sensational 
ever came from him. Humor, 
ranging from playful to broad, 
was a prominent feature of his 
writings and allied with it was 
a sincere and refined vein of 
pathos. His mind was creative, 
but on a profound scale. He 
w^as wanting in the constructive 
faculty, and there were regions 
•of human nature which he made 
no attempts to explore. But in 
his own gentle and charming 
sphere he was altogether ad- 
mirable and he proved his good 
sense by not trying to achieve 
what was beyond him. When 
a boy, though delicate, he over- 
flowed with lively spirits, and 
was obliged to resort to strata- 
gem to get the fun his nature 
clamored for ; for his father was 
a Scotch Presbyterian, with the 
severity and rigidity of the old 



Covenanters in his dome'Stic 
methods and notions. Irving's 
schooling was desultory. He 
rambled over Westchester coun- 
ty and made excursions up the 
Hudson. He studied law under 
Jeremiah HoflTman, but the most 
important result of his exper- 
ience, was the acquaintance it 
brought about between him and 
Hofl^man's daughter, with whom 
he fell in love, but who died be- 
fore they could be married. 
This was Irving's great grief, 
and it may be said that he nev- 
er wholly got over it. At all 
events, he remained ill his life 
unmarried. On the other hand,, 
he was all his life very suscep-- 
tible to female influence, and his; 
chivalrous devotion to women is: 
one of his most agreeable traits.. 
Nor were women less attract- 
ed to him. A more winning 
personage than the young Irving; 
was not easily to be found. He 
was of medium height and round- 
ed figure and his finely shaped 
head was covered with wavy 
dark-brown hair. A high, full 
forehead and delicate eyebrows 
overshadowed deep gray eyes, 
which sparkled with humor and 
softened with feeling. An agree- 
ably modulated voice and a de- 
lightful smile enhanced the 
graces of his person. He was 
sweet tempered, gentle, sensi- 



12 



The Elon College Monthly. 



tive, gay, and humorous ; gifted 
with warm affections ; bright, 
easy, and abundant in conver- 
sation, and an invariably agreea- 
ble companion. He belonged 
to the best and most cultivated 
society, and wherever he went 
the best society welcomed him. 
At the age of twenty-one, Irving 
went abroad ; and returning 
home, after two years, he was 
admitted to the bar, only to neg- 
lect it for the follies of society 
with the congenial young men 
and women of the day. With 
fine courage and determination 
he struck out on a literary[career. 
Having once definitely addressed 
himself to this career, he allowed 
no temptations to turn him from 
it. He wrote with facility and 
rapidity when the fit was on him, 
and produced great quantities of 
manuscript in a short time. The 
three years that Irving spent in 
Spain opened a virgin field for 
him. No books on Spanish sub- 
jects had till then been published 
in America. The romantic and 



picturesque episodes of Spanish 
history, scenery and character 
were in harmony with his 
genius ; and his treatment of 
them was so charming and mas- 
terly that his books are still 
classics on those topics, and to 
remember Irving is to think of 
Spain. They are full of de- 
scriptions of noble landscapes, of 
feats of chivalry and strange 
adventure, of supernatural events 
and portents, always playing the 
sunshine of the author's humor, 
melting into beautiful scenes, 
and throwing a smiling gleam 
across the shadowy places. His 
longing to return home brought 
him to New York after an ab- 
sence of seventeen years. He 
was received and honored as 
one of the first citizens of the 
Republic, and having bought a 
farm at Tarrytown on the Hud- 
son, he took up his abode there, 
with the purpose of ending his 
days in that sequestered spot. 
G. W. Tickle. 



THE SPIRIT THAT ANIMATES. 



One of the greatest powers 
which carry forward the enter- 
prises of the world to-day is per- 
severance. Everything seems 
to be moving with greater rapid- 
ity than ever before in the an- 
nals of history. Only a few 
years ago it took weeks to cross 
the ocean, whereas now it can 
be crossed in a few days. The 
steam-engine has supplanted the 



stace coach, and with its swift 
speed mocks the jaded beast. 

The whole of life is a rush to 
emancipate some hidden truth or 
principle for the benefit of the 
nations of the world. The scien- 
tist is putting forth every effort 
to evolve the mysteries with 
which he is toiling each day, 
that he may place befoVe the 
world grander and more su- 



The Elon College Montoly. 



13 



blime truths, and thus write his 
name indelibly upon the pages 
of history. 

Without this allpowerfuljspirit 
no success could be attained ; all 
the affairs of the state or nation 
would lag and come to naught. 
The success of the individuals 
who compose the state or nation 
would be blighted, and retro- 
grade, instead of advancing to 
a higher plan of civilization and 
enlightment. There is nothing 
attained in this life without con- 
tinued and persistent effort. 
Without constant use of the 
body a person cannot become 
strong and robust. Those cham- 
pions who engage in frequent 
contests have attained their 
strength by continued gymnas- 
tic exercise. They have been 
laboring for years to be the 
champions of the world. 

The reason why man}' people 
make such complete failures in 
life is because they are not pos- 
sessors of this persevering spirit 
which is essential to every per- 
son's success. Some people enter 
upon the life without due consid- 
eration of its importance. They 
do not recognize the fact that 
life is <{iven them in which to 
prepare for eternity, and to 
make the world better by their 
having lived. To accomplish a 
grand work in the Christian 
battle one must not be slothful, 
but fervent, going forth with a 
determination to overcome all 
the obstacles that may present 
themselves during his fleeting 
career. If the Christian people 
of the world possessed more of 
this persevering spirit the great 



mountains of sin, which prevent 
the spread of the gospel, would 
soon be obliterated, and truth 
and righteousness would be 
wafted to the uttermost parts of 
the earth by the gentle breeze 
of the Christian spirit. 

When a person enters upon 
the arena of life he beholds 
many desparaging scenes which 
have a tendency to crush him, 
unless he has that perseverance 
which will enable him to set his 
aspirations high and put forth 
every effort to attain the desired 
success. The student entering 
college beholds the vast amount 
of work which lies before him ; 
and how dark his prospects 
seem ! All is obscure and un- 
known ; but as he pursues his 
work day after day with persis- 
tent eflfort, the sun of intellect- 
uality begins to shine and to 
light his way making his work 
more delightful and pleasant, 
until he finally reaches the goal 
of his ambition. 

As one reviews the pages of 
history he is reminded that noth- 
ing is so great and sublime but 
that man,with all of his ingenuity 
and skill, may attain it by con- 
tinued and unrelenting efforts. 
When Hannible, the Carthagen- 
ian leader, conceived the idea of 
crossing the Alps, no doubt he 
beheld many things to prevent 
the accomplishment of his plan. 
He knew that no general had 
ever led an army across the rug- 
ged peaks of that mountain 
which seemed to extend to the 
sky. But Hannibal, with that 
indomitable spirit, realized the 
fact that nothing was inconquer- 



'14 



The Elon Collegk Monthly. 



able to those who willed to at- 
tain success in any reasonable 
line of work. Thus, with reso- 
lution he went forth with his 
army to ascend and descend the 
lofty heights of that mountain, 
heretofore unsealed by human 
effort. 

It was by continued persever- 
ance that Milton, the blind poet, 
renderd his name almost immor- 
tal, and gave the world a work 
which will live as long as this 
planet shall continue to revolve. 
Noticing the characteristics 
which have contributed to the 



success of the noted men of the 
past, we ascertain that the great- 
er part of that success depended 
upon the earnestness with which 
they pursued their work. Thus 
we are reminded that this spirit 
is one of the essential character- 
istics which will enable a person 
to achieve the highest attain- 
ments in life, and learn precepts 
and examples which will be as 
a beacon light to direct the steps 
of the weary traveler in the ways 
of truth and holiness. 

J, W, Harrell. 



The Elon College Montoly. 



15 



Editorial. 



INFLUENCE OF PUBLIC 
LIBRARIES. 



It takes more than a hurried 
ghiiice al\va3's to correctly esti- 
mate and appreciate the influ- 
ence of any institution establish- 
ed for the public welfare. The 
stream of society does not all 
flow in the same channel. So- 
ciety is both hydro-sided and 
hydro-headed. It both rests on 
many props and drinks from 
many fountains, and what al- 
ways influence a community 
will not always be found in the 
greatest channels, but more of- 
ten in many streamlets. 

It, is an indisputable fact that 
one of the most beneficial and 
influenciaj means provided for 
the welfare of the public, and 
the advancement of society, is 
the establishment of public li- 
braries. They have influenced 
the community in many ways, 
most noticeably in the cultivation 
and fostering of the intellectual 
and material advancement of the 
people. 

The public library has been 
fitly called the university of the 
people, and its value as an ad- 
junct to tiie schools and colleges 
has been proven already by the 



intellectual influence shed abroad 
from those who frequent the 
library. 

Those who live in the city 
know the great advantage they 
derive from this institution. It 
is open to all classes of people 
both the poor and the rich ; and 
those who have an intellectual 
turn of mind naturally cluster 
around these libraries seeking 
after new ideas and new truths. 
Through the numerous maga- 
zines and news papers they can 
keep well informed on the var- 
ious topics of the day, questions 
which are agitating the minds 
of the public. Of course the 
main feature in the libraries is 
the many valuable volumes 
spread upon its shelves. 

It is universally known that 
the bound volumes of magazines 
and the illustrated books are in 
constant use ; and hence it should 
be the study of the librarian, or 
trustee, to note the preferences 
which the reading public mani- 
fest and try to satisfy their wants 
and tastes. 

The dignity and power of 
books act as a lever to move the 
great mass of humanity onward 
in the march of the world. The 
very roughest character will 



i6 



The Elon College ^'^onthly. 



gently lift his hat and soften his 
manner on entering one of these 
public libraries ; for, there, it is 
he realizes that by some process 
he has an interest in the valu- 
able property,* and a placid 
"whisper comes to him that he 
now has free access to treasures 
of the highest and richest type. 
Not even the churches or col- 
leges can produce such an im- 
pression on a character of simi- 
liar nature. Yet, some may 
protest against this and say that 
the public library offers a ren- 
dezvous to the loafers, the idle 
men and boys of the city. If 
the library does nothing more 
than that, its existence is ev- 
dently on a firm basis. The 
present condition of society can- 
not furnish employment for all 
men and women : they must 
seek some place of amusement, 
so what could be more elevating 
and wholesome to them than to 
cluster around the well equipped 
library and pursue the pages of 
the many good books and maga- 
zines placed at their commad? 
Such opportunities will be seen 
to shed a powerful influence 
over the various classes, and 
when there are more free libraries 
spread throughout our towns 
and cities we will realize a more 
rapid development in society, 
amd may it not be that the po- 
lice fee will be diminished and 
all public expenses reduced very 
appreciably ? 

It is quite reasonable to sup- 
pose that the moral and religious 
world is growing far better 
through the influence of the 
public libraries, keeping pace 



with the advancement intellect- 
ually and socially among the 
people. Communicating with 
the best and most renowned 
authors naturally enhances one's 
ideas and causes him to aspire 
to higher and nobler things, 
forgetting the many low and de- 
grading aims in his precious life. 
He becomes more enlightened 
on the progress of religious and 
moral questions, and develops in- 
to a nobler, and better manhood. 
Let us ever be in contact with 
the true ,the beautiful and the 
good by frequenting the public 
libraries, reading all the healthy 
literature spread upon their 
shelves, and seeing what will 
conduce to the progress of our 
nation, intellectually, socially, 
morally, and religiously. Let 
public spirited men, and live, 
progressive towns and states be- . 
come aware of the fact that the 
intellectual development of the 
masses means progress in all 
lines, and then let definite steps 
be taken toward the establish- 
ment of such institutions as will 
rout ignorance and enshrine 
en'ightenment in the minds of 
men, and a brighter, better day 
will dawn. 

ROWENA MOFFITT. 



A COLLEGE NECESSITY. 



Each decade presents some- 
thing new for the people to 
think about, and each genera- 
tion of thinkers calls for a new 
chair in the progressive college. 
The ancient classics have ever 
held their place in the college 
course, and must to a certain ex- 



The Elon College Monthly 



17 



tent remain there ; but they have 
been to a great degree supphint- 
ed as civilization has progressed. 

Formerly the languages, math- 
ematics and deductive Logic 
were the principal studies taught 
in the colleges and universities. 
By Bacon's introduction of the 
inductive method of reasoning, 
boundless fields for philosophical 
speculation, and research in 
Chemistry were thrown open ; 
thus, broadening the college 
course. Then came Newton with 
his theory of gravitation, giving 
greater prominence to Astron- 
om)^ Afterwards, Darwin with 
his world renowned theory of 
evolution which gave a new im- 
petus to the study of Biology. 
While the last stage of modern 
Democracy, which has put men 
in such a hurry to get rich, and 
thus brought about great inequal- 
ity in the distribution of wealth, 
brings us face to face with the 
greatest social questions that 
the world has ever seen. And 
these questions, we think de- 
mand what may be called the 
Social Science chair in the col- 
lege course. 

Great is the spirit of unrest in 
our land to-day. And the pros- 
pective greatness of the ine- 
quality of the distribution of 
wealth is astounding ; and the 
greater spirit of unrest that such 
is likely to produce is startling 
to think of. At present these 
things are upon us. The news- 
papers come in filled with ac- 
counts of labor-unions and 
strikes. Much is said against 
trusts and combines. The 
Liquor Question is an issue. Ac- 



counts of the destitution of the 
poor in the cities arouse our 
sense of pity. The New York 
tenement system shows us that 
the poor and helpless are inhum- 
anly oppressed. The unequal 
distribution of wealth gives some 
classes great advantage over 
others ; hence, many give up in 
despair, and go into crime, or 
suicide ; thus furnishing more 
scandal and crime with which 
our newspapers poison the minds 
of those remaining. 

Great is the danger of these 
things resulting in something 
serious ; hence, it should be the 
part of every thinking mind to 
give attention to them. We are 
often horrified by the account of 
some strike, in which probably 
a number of lives ore lost and 
families left in distress. We 
must infer that thinking beings 
would not act thus without some 
cause. We read of the misery 
and poverty of the thousands oc- 
cupying the tenement houses of 
New York and other great cities, 
and we know that there is a 
cause at the bottom of this. The 
government protects the liquor 
traffic, the result of which is 
thousands of miserable and fath- 
erless children who must be car- 
ed for by others, or given over to 
starvation. While crimes, such 
as lynching and divorce, seem 
to be on the increase. 

Thus we see that both society 
and government are corrupt, and 
present tendencies appear for 
the worse ; therefore it becomes 
the duty of each one to become 
interested in these things, so 
that he mav aid in counteract- 



i8 



The Elon College Monthly, 



ing them. In order that such an 
interest may be implanted in the 
minds of the leading men, the 
demand comes on the educa- 
tional institutions of high grade, 
to establish the Social Science 
chair, and fill it with a man that 
will instill in the minds of those 
who are to lead, a desire to find 
the fjerm of these troubles and 
to help to destroy them. 

The moral and social status of 
society is the sum total of that ot 
the individuals composing that 
society ; and if the existing con- 
ditions are such as bring many 
individuals to a low standard, 
then the whole must suflTer. It 
seems that the enormous inequal- 
ity in the distribution of wealth 
has been the great cause of so 
much misery and want, and 
this inequality continues to-in- 
crease. Now, experience and 
observation teach us that misery, 
poverty and crime will increase 
in proportion ; and if such be 
the case where will we as a na- 
tion soon be driven? A solution 
of this question denands the at- 
tention of every thinking mind 
of whatever profession. And we 
think that the best and only way 
to accomplish this end is to es- 
tablish a Social Science chair 
in all our higher institutions, 
and thus prepare to send out 
men who may be well acquaint- 
ed with the public needs, and 
who will with the spirit of the 
true philanthropist bend all their 
energies toward the betterment 
of society and the uplifting of 
humanity. 

J. H. Jones. 



A MOTIVE, AN IDEAL, AN 
END. 



It is natural that man should 
have before him an ideal, that 
he should be actuated by some 
purpose, and strive to reach some 
end. 

Whatever his ideals may 
be, they, for the most part, de- 
termine his course of conduct, 
and exercise a wonderful influ- 
ence in moulding his character. 
However unconscious of their 
influence he may be, it is not, 
and cannot be, unreal. If his 
ideals are low they will invari- 
ably lead to low attainments. 

If in youth his aims are im- 
pure and ignoble, in manhood 
we may expect to find his char- 
acter comparativel}'^ shameful 
and disgraceful. But on the 
other hand, if these aims be 
lofty and ennobling they continu- 
ally develop the better, larger 
self, and draw the man upward 
— it may be to eminence and 
renown. Let the ideals be pure 
and elevating, and the man will 
continually rise above the level 
of his past character in working 
out his sublimer destiny. 

It is said that we are the ar- 
chitects of our own fortunes, and 
if biography teaches anything, 
it clearly proves that it is rela- 
tively true that wills, not wishes 
make destinies. The youth 
who relies solely on his good 
opportunities and superior ad- 
vantages will never become 
great or useful. It is only by 
energetic persistent eflbrt that 
men have forced the world to 
feel their power and ackriowl- 



The Elon College Monthly. 



19 



edge their greatness, "at it, and 
always at it" — is the key which 
unlocks the treasuries of truth, 
beauty and goodness : it is the 
touchstone of success. 

We read of the great Sir 
Isaac Newton that "He very 
rarely went to bed till two or 
three of the clock, sometimes not 
till five or six, lying about four 
or iive hours, especiall}'^ at spring 
and fall of the leaf." This shows 
us with what untiring energy and 
ceaseless effort Newton sought 
truth, the ideal of his life and the 
goal of his ambition. I believe 
it was Darwin who said that, 
"A man who dares to waste one 
hour of time has not discovered 
the value of life." The heights 
by great men reached and kept 
were not attained by sudden 
flight ; but the}"" while their com- 
panions slept, were toiling up- 
ward in the night." Let us 
turn to those characters which 
form centers of important histori- 
cal epochs. Here it is that we 
discover those ideals which in- 
spire ambition and nerve men to 
action. Here it is that we find 
the influence of high aims and 
noble purposes. 

Here we see that proverty is 
no barrier to success ; that when 
determinations become commen- 
surate with oppositions, these 
are no more. What was it that 
made Hannible the invincible 
general that he was? Was it 
not the mere fact that when a 
little boy he liad sworn eternal 
hatred to the Roman race? Was 
it not the influence of this vow 
that kindled and fed the restless 
fires of his warlike spirit, and* 



made him "perhaps the mightest 
military genius of any race of 
any time?" What was it that 
made David the hero of divinity 
that he was? Was it not be- 
cause he purposed in his heart? 
As a result of this purpose he 
"was preferred above presidents 
and princes," he stands out as 
one of the brightest luminaries 
in biblical history, and "shall 
shine as the stars forever and 
ever." 

And again we ask, what was 
it that made Abraham Lincoln 
loved as a man and honored as 
a president throughout this land 
of ours? Was it wealth, good 
opportunities and superior ad- 
vantages ? No 1 not by any means. 
Even at the age of eight years 
he was living in a log cabin with- 
out doors, window glass or floor ; 
the furniture was a bed of dry 
leaves, a stool or two, and a ta- 
ble formed of logs. Abraham 
would climb to the loft of the 
cabin and sleep on a sack filled 
with corn husk. 

For sometime the Bible was 
the only book in the home till 
Abraham succeeded in borrow- 
ing three others among them, 
Meem's "Life of Washington," 
and now as he reads how on 
great man had accomplished so 
much, the little cabin grew to be 
a paradise, the barefoot boy in 
buckskin breechi s actually set up 
for himself the ideal ol some great 
place among men. On being 
asked what he intended to make 
of himself, he replied, "Well I 
reckon I am going to be presi- 
dent of the United States one of 
these days." This tells the story 



20 



The Elon College Monthly. 



of his wonderful sagacity and 
marvelous success. A noble ideal 
means a noble life. Charles 
Summer said, "There are no ac- 
cidents in the Providence of 
God." Such lives as tha' of 
Abraham Lincoln are not acci- 
dents, but rather great books 
from whose pages we catch in- 
spiration and are reminded that 
"honor and fame from no con- 
dition rise" as naturally as effect 
follows cause, every man grows 
toward his own ideals. As truly 
as no stream can rise higher than 



its source,just so can no individual 
rise higher than his purposes. 
As a rule we do the more because 
we want the most : and in this life 
we grow the better because we 
conceive the best. We accom- 
plish the greater because we 
strive for the greatest. We at- 
tain to the higher because we 
aspire to the highest. 
We joy in the sublimer because 
we have sought the sublimest. 

Let high ideals be the measure 
of highest attainments. 

D. W. Cochran. 



The Elon College Montoly. 



21 



Locals and Personals, 



S. M. SMITH, Editor. 



Foot ball ! ! 

lennis Tournaments 1 

Christmas is coming ! 

"Much study is a weariness to 
the flesh." 

Our town will be lively Christ- 
mas, as many of the students will 
not go home. 

Be sure to read the last article 
among the locals, it is important. 
If you can comply with the re- 
quest PLEASE DO so. 

Rev. H. Y. Rush, of Ohio, 
spent a day or two about the 
College recently. We enjoyed 
his visit, though short. 

The Junior and Senior classes 
will appear before the public 
with essays and orations on Fri- 
day evening, Dec. i. 

"And if any man think that 
he knoweth anything, he know- 
eth nothing yet as he ought to 
know." — I Cor. 8:2 

S. S. teacher : "Who was 
Esau ?" Boy : "Esau was a man 
what wrote a book of fables and 
sold the copyright for a bottle of 
potash." 

The article in last issue entitled 
"No Circumference Without a 
Centre," should have been signed 
Elijah Moffit. This was a care- 
less omission. 



"Few justly think of the think- 
ing few, many think they think 
who never do." 

"Sportie" says he does not 
sport as much as he used to sport 
when he sported at home. Sport I 

We wish to commend the 
mayor of our town and the 
town commissioners. They have 
recently made improvements 
on the streets. 

The boys at a certain board- 
ing house have dispensed with 
blessings before meals. They 
simply "give each other a few 
words of encouragement." 

Boys, examine the Students' 
Directory and the Ad. Depart- 
ment before making your invest- 
ments. Always patronize our 
advertisers. 

Mr. B. B. Walker is now in 
the mercantile business in 
Greensboro. He is manager of 
the business formerly carried on 
Cutchin & Co. Boys, call and 
see him while in Greensboro. 

We wish to call attention to 
the improvements made in our 
Chemical Department. A more 
spacious laboratory has been 
fitted up. New apparatus has 
been procured, and the class is 
now doing fine work. 



22 



The Elon College Monthly. 



Foot-bal] ? ? Why, yes, we 
play foot-ball. With 22 young 
men weighing from 125 to 215 
lbs. and with Prof. Moffit to coach 
we hope to be able to rush the ball 
to the goal. 

Qiiite a number of boys went 
to Lynchburg on the i ith to wit- 
ness the game of foot-ball be- 
twean Trinity College and the 
University of Va. They report 
a very pleasant day off. Prof. 
Bandy accompanied them. 

A good crowd witnessed the 
Tennis Tournament, Oct. 28th. 
Fourteen entered the contest, 
playing doubles. Among those 
who deserve mention are Messrs 
Ellis, and Faucette, Rawls and 
Lawrence and Misses William- 
son and Gardner. 

Cannot some of our Aluiuni 
send us contributions for The 
Monthly occasionly. Let us 
hear from Albright, Roberts, 
Rawls, Peel, Miss Graham and 
others. We want to-make The 
Monthly better this year than 
ever. 

Qiiestion : "W^hy is it that 
some of the boys, say Seniors, 
for instance, do not play foot- 
ball?" Answer: "Why, because 
their sweet-hearts object, of 
course," (Submissive little crea- 
tures aren't they? They will 
make good husbands, some day. ) 
Qiiestion on examination in 
Constitutional and International 
Law: "What is a Democracy?" 
Mr. C's answer: "It is an old 
form of government long passed 
away and gone out of date. I 
think the last one was in Asia 
Minor." 



We must ask the pardon of our 
subscribers for being so late with 
the- last issue of this paper. It 
was negligence on the part of the 
printer and not our fault. 

Mr. J. C. Adams, of Aberdeen, 
spent some time with us recently. 
He came with his sister, Miss 
Ethel, who remains with us, 
taking a special course in music. 
Let other young men who wish 
to visit us do likewise. 

Certainly "Kildee" is not 
sleepy-headed, but somehow he 
misses his destination occasionly 
when traveling. Ask him if he 
went to Lynchburg, and how far 
it is to Plaw River? He alvv^ays 
likes to get value received for 
his money. 

Subscribers will please notify 
us of any change in their P. O. 
address. We get letters some- 
times from persons censuring us 
because they have not received 
their Monthly when they have 
changed their P, O. address. 

This IS NOT OUR FAULT. 

We are grateful to the Rev. P. 
T. Klapp for nice evergreens re- 
cently planted on the campus. 
Some say we have too many 
preachers here. We do not think 
so. We are always glad to see 
improvements about the College. 
Let others help us in this respect. 

Mr. W. P. Lawrence, Pres. of 
Y. M. C. A., attended the Dis- 
irict Convention, held at Guilford 
College. He reports a pleasant 
sojurn among the young people 
of our sister college. Certainly 
it could not have been otherwise. 
Guilford always has our best 
wishes and sympathies. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



23 



■ More interest is manifested in 
college athletics at present than 
nsual. The boys deserve praise 
for this step. The physical part 
of man deserves as much atten- 
tion as the mental. . 

About the 8th of Dec. a select 
company of amateurs will appear 
on the stage in the College chap- 
el. They will play the ludicrous 
farce entitled, "Jiimbo Jum." con- 
cluding the entertainment with 
the well known temperance 
drama, ''Out in the Streets." 
Those who attend may expect a 



pleasant evening. The proceeds 
will be for The Monthly. 

Wanted : — Back numbers of 
The Elon College Monthly 
of the following dates Nov. '91, 
Dec. '91, Jan. '92, April '92, June 
'92, and april '93. Reader are 
you a subscriber? Can you fur- 
nish us with a copy of any of the 
above named issues? It is im- 
portant that we should receive 
them. Please look over your 
iiles and send any that you can 
spare to S. M. Smith, Elon Col- 
lege, N. C. 



Y. M. C. A. 



W. J. LAINE EDITOR. 



Every institution slioiiM have a well 
organized association. There is nothing 
that does so much to develop the morals 
of college men as the Young Men's 
Christian Association. Through the in- 
fluence of tlie associations in our colleges 
and' universities, hundreds of our best 
young men are led into active Christian 
work. 

Cur association is well attended 
nenrly all of (lie young men take a part 
in the exercises. We have mission meet 
iugs quarterly. On the 1st. Sund;iy 
night in Nov., Profs. E. L. Moilitt 
and J. O. Atkinson led the meeting. 
'J'hcir subject was liuddha and his re- 
ligion. E. L. MoHitt, subject, 'The Life 
of Buddha from the Buddhistic stand- 



point.' J. (). Atkinson, subject, Budd- 
liism and Christianity, a comparison.' 
Their addresses were good and were en- 
joyed by all present. 

Our worthy Pres , Bro. W. P. Law- 
rence, attended tlie district convention 
-at Guilford College. lie reports a very 
pleasant and prfitable trip." 

The week of prayer, commencing 
Nov. 12th, was duly observed, wiih 
much interest manifeste I. \Vh;it a 
scene! ihouoands of young men, during 
tliis week of prayer were on their knees, 
perliaps at the same time, asking 
for grace that they may be faitliful in 
tlie service of the Master. These young 
men are going out from college to till 
the most important places in life. What 



24 



The Elon College Monthly. 



a blessing to our country! When all the 
public offices are filled with consecrated 
Christian men, then may we expect to 
see justice measured out proportionally 
to every citizen. 

The Y. W. C. A. is also doing faithful 
work The week of prayer was also 
duly observed by this association. The 
meetings were well attended, and much 
interest was taken in the exercises. 

Much of the high moral standing of 
our institution is due to the noble Chris- 



tian character of our young ladies. In 
our Sunday School, church services, and 
prayer meetings, their voices blend in 
sweet tones with the voices of the young 
men, and make the song service delight- 
ful- The institution that closes its doors 
against young ladies bars out from it the 
greatest moral and refining influence. 
We are proud of the Y. W. C. A., and 
may she ever continue to send out waves 
of purity and refinement that shall roU 
on through ages and never cease. 



Exchange Notes. 



IRENE CLEMENTS.— Editor. 



Among the magazines of the different 
colleges, we warmly welcome the Ouil- 
ford Collegian. This paper is from our 
sister college, and we always take great 
pleasure in reading it. There is always 
good reading matter to be found in it; 
and in the last issue, do we especially 
call attention to the "Abuse of English,'' 
and "Wendell Philips as a Reformer.'' 

From these many good and useful 
thoughts may be obtained. In "The 
— Abuse of English" the writer says, 
"Slang, nick- names and other vulgar- 
isms of this character need only to be 
mentioned for us to see their corrupting 
influence upon our speech." It would 
be well if every college would take note 
of this, and try to overcome the habit 
of using so much slang. 

Before us, we have the North Carolina 
University Magazine, and to it we also 
extend a hearty welcome. This Maga- 
zine has been on our table before, and 



we wish to say that we have found in it 
many productions beneficial and inter- 
esting. Nor does the last copy disap- 
point us in this respect. 

We have from the same University a 
paper in sheet form. The Tar Heel. This 
is a very newsy little paper, neat in form 
and size, serving its purpose admirably 
well. Again, the Daindnon Jfonlhlp 
comes to us iu a new ;iiid very attractive 
dress. This paper is always well gotten 
up, contains many excellent contribu- 
tiou8,and reflects credit upon its contribu- 
tors, its editors, and upon the institution. 

The Wofford College Journal is again 
on our desk. One of its characteristics 
especially pleases us; that is, the college 
spirit with which it is replete. From it 
one draws the conclusion that much lively 
interest is taken in the college both by 
its faculty and students. 

The Biblical Recorder has recently 
made its appearanc«) on our exchange 



The Elon College Monthly 



25 



table. We gladly welcome among us 
the represeutive papers of the various 
denominations. We would not have our 
students go out from here ignorant of all 
religious organizations save their own. 
On the contrary, we would have them 
thoroughly acquaint themselves with the 
workings and principles of all the lead- 
ing denominations, and thus he far more 
competent to represent the church of 
their choice. 



We recommend the Recorder to our 
students as worthy of their careful 
notice. Especially wbuld we call atten- 
to its editorials and to the Foreign Mis- 
sionaries. 

The October number of The Wake 
Forest Student came in some days ago. 
Jt manifests true interest on the part of 
the new editors, and even now bespeaks 
for them successful editorship. 



Clippings. 



W. J, LAINE.— Editor. 



Laugh, and the world laughs wit" 
you, unless you are laughing at your 
own witticsm. 

When a family row is made public, 
there is usually pretty good reason for 
blaming both sides. 

Many a fond parent does not get to 
sleep until, "After the Ball is Over." 

If time were money many a school 
boy would be rich as Dives; while oth- 
ers would be poor as Lazarus. 

Wm. — 1 love you fondly. 

Addie. — Let me feel of your jjulse. 
You don't object to my making a scien- 
tific analysis do you? 

A remedy is needed to cure corns 
upon the end of peoples noses, that come 
from sticking them in other peoples Dus- 
iness. 

Mr. Munn, — May 1 call upon you 
Miss Bunn? 

Miss 'Bunn. — Oh, yes Mr. Munn, I 
suppose we really ought to mortify our- 
selves somewhat during Lent. 

Advice to Freshmen: 

Honor thy professor in the days of thy 
youth, that thou mayest bo solid before 
thy senior year. 

Prof. — Name six animals in the Frig- 
id Zone. 



polar bears and 



Student.— Three 
three seals. 

Now, that electricity is being under- 
stood, men of science are makmg light 
of it. 

What's in a name? 

At a recent marriage, a Mr. Post 
and a Miss Stump were fitly united by 
the Rev. Mr. Lockwood. 

Noah was the first pitcher on record. 
He pitched .the ark within and without. 

School girl. — Will I pass without tak- 
ing an examination? 

Prof. — You may by a tight squeese. 

Girl.— Oh, how provoking you are; 
but I'd even submit to that to avoid 
examinations. 

Student, (reading Virgil) — And thrice 
I tried to throw my arms around her. — 
That was as far as 1 got proflPessor. 

Prof. — That was quite far enough, 
sir. 

Education is not an end in itself, but 
only a means to an end. What do you 
propose to attam by your education? 
A well defined answer to this question 
makes plain the future path of life. 

With a man more money means more 
to eat ; with a woman more to wear. 



JOS. A.. ISLEY & BUO., 

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Big stock us DRY GOODS, HATS, and SHOES always on hand. 
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DONT FORGET THE PLACE 

Jos Al.' Isley & Bro . 




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SUITS mmg Ti iiiEi 



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FOR 




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GHIGAOO, ILL. 



SrECIAL OFFER. 

In order toget the ODELL in every house, office 
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OXJEXiX. X'YFE-'WPllTEI?, CO. 



A COMPLETE STOCK. 

Wc are receiving daily our FALL STOCK of CLOTHING, HATS and FUKNISHING GOODS. 
We have just returned from the Northern Markets where we spent about two weeks in selecting 
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our customers the benefit of these low prices. 

We have sold our Spring and Summer Goods down very close, |;o our stock this fall will be a 
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we can show you all the Latest Styles in MEN'S BOY'S CHILDREN'S CLOTHING, HATS, and 
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W%R* RANKIN, Manager. 

230 b. Elm St., GREENSBORO, N. C. 



Wtioiesaie 

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Dealer in 



D. N. Kirkpatriok, 

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E, B. KIRKPATRICK, Manager. 
Wm. E. Mattock, Salesman. 



CHINA HALL. 



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i!. M. CALBCLEUGH. & BRO. 






Dealers in China, Glassware, etc, 

Fine J>amps and Chandaliers 

a Specialty, 

2 19 S. Elm St, Greensboro, N. C. 



J- A. LONG, 

ATTORNEY AT LAW- 



f 






LIVERY STABLE 

AT 

ELON COLLEGE^ 

Hacks and Buggies, with nice 
teams furnished at reasonable 
prices. Dra3^age well ateend- 
ed to. Your patronage is re- 
spectfully solicited. 
J. B. GERINQER, Prop'r, 



Located on the N, C. R. R. 
Twenty-one miles feom 
Greensboro, four miles 
from Burlington- 
Session began Sept. ist. 
FOR FURTHER PARTICULARS WRITE TO 

^^r. S. LO JSTG' J) 33 , Pres 



What Are You Going to Do This Sum- THE ELIXIR'OF LIFE 

mer? Can You Beat This? 



How a College Student Paid His Own Way. 

Evanston, HI., Sept. 17, '91. 
Deab Sirs: I can mve you a few facts with re- 
spect to my work. The first year I cleared over 
$80 a month. The second year over $100. Last 
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Yours truly, Joskhp Long. 

Send for circulars, terms and outfit. Two edi- 
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kind, and circulars to begin work with. Bent to 
bona-fide agents for $3.00. 

MURRAY HILL PUB. CO., I 



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Cheap board. No vacation. Enter any time. Address, 

J. F. DuAUGuoN, Pres't., Nashville, Tenn. 



D. W. C. HARRIS, 

STEAM DYE WOEKS, 



SOUTH BLOUNT STREET, RALEIGH, N. C. 

IT IS POSITIVELY THE MOST RELIABLE HOUSE FOR 

^ LAiJES @y 

^flT'Send Sample Job, which will be shipped to you Free of Charge. 
Address all orders to D. W. C. HARRIS, Raleigh, N, C. 



ARTHUR I 

PHOTOGBAPHIG STUDIO. 

<SHELBURN'S OLD STAND.) 

I have secured the services of Mr. J. W. Thom 
as for the next year. Mr. Thomas has studied 
the business under the finest instjuctors for four 
years. With him and other help wo a^uarantee as 
good work as can be had in any hirgcr city and 
at a 

MUCH SMALLER COST. 

Old pictures copied and enlarged, at short no 
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Crayon Portraits a specialty. 



.L 

LEADING 
PHOTOGRAPHER, 



LEADING 

BARBERS. 

NEXT BLOCK 

TO DEPOT. 

GREENSBORO, N. C. 
South Elm St, 



mmmm% 

Examiner in the Practice of Medi- 



Finest 




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Give me a call. 





GREENSBORO, N. C. 

SOUTH ELM ST. 



cine. 



Leading Jeweler 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

t^^First class work ou short notice. 







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TABULES 

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the whole difficulty in an hour 
without the patient being con- 
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May be ordered through nearest Druggist or sent by 
mail on receipt of price. Box (6 vials), 75 cents. 
«(e (4 boxes), $3. For (ree samples adaress 

THE RIPANS GHEMICAL CO., 
10 SPRUCI STREET. NEW YORIC. 



FlS^^^S^^PM^^P^l 







We are still on the College Hill. 

AND ALWAYS GLAD TO SELL YOU WHAT YOU NEED IN 

Dry Goods, Notions, 

Shoes, Hat& Caps 

STUDENTS SUPPLIES A SPECIALTY. 

We are always glad to have you call. 

VERY TRULY, 

HERN DON & CO., 

ELON COLLEGE. 





THE 

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

Offers a thorough general or professional education, according to the 
best methods, in four general courses ; six brief courses, and professional 
courses in law, medicine and engineering. Tuition $60 a year, total ex- 
penses need not exceed $250, 400 students, 25 teachers, 7 scientific lab- 
ratories, 35,000 volumes, gymnasium, athletic grounds, Y. M. C. A. and 
bath-rooms free to all students. 

President Winston, 

CHAPEL HILL, N. C. 




(5-^ 



^ VOL. HI. JANUARY 1894. NO. 3. "^ 

lElon College Monthly,! 

^ PUBLISHED BY ^ 

f THE LITERARY SOCIETIES, f 

^ ELON COLLEGE, N. C. ^ 

^;^ EDlTDRffiL STfiFF. ^ 

^- f 

-gf Prof. E. L. MOFFITT, Alumni Editor. ^ 

^ Clio Society, Psiphelian Society. Philologian Society. ^ 

W J. H. JONES. Miss ROWENA MOFFITT. D. W. COCHKAN. Cg. 

W. J. LAINE. Miss IRENE CLEilENTS. S. M. SMITH. -^ 

BUSINEBS MflWfiEEHS. S 

^ Clio Society. Psiphelian Society. Philologiax Society. Q^ 

^ W. H. BOONE. Miss EMMA WIMLIAMSON. W. D, HARWARD. £ 

^ CONTENTS, ^ 

% CONTRIBUTIONS: ^ 

^ now North Carolixa Cares for Her Insaxb— Emma Williamson. - - 1 "SIS' 

1^ Dsi RE88ION OF JIonopoly.— R. T. Hurley. 4 ^L 

Ly Literary Possibilities of the West. — J. W. Harrell. 6 vv 

^ The Deaf, Dumb, and Blind.— Annie Lee Gardner. ..--.. s "^ 

7^ Traces of Barbarism in College Athletics.— W, P, Lawrence. - . . n -^ 

/"^ EDITORIAL: ^ 

I ^^' ^^^^ ^^^^^^^'^^ ^^^ Divorce Statutes.— J. II. Jonos. 1^ ^ 

?^ The World Not Kktrogradlng.— Rowena Moffitt. 15 "w 

^ Why Wk Should Have Compulsory EDUCATiON.—Irene Clements. - - 17 -^ 

^^ Human Progrbss.- Willie J. Laine. 19 .gig. 

^ Y. M. C. A, Notes.— W. P. Lawrence 22 ''^ 

^k Locals and Personals.— S. M. Smith. 23 

<^ Exchangk Notes.— Irene Clements. 25 





LldbS 



^ 



^^ eOlVEGf UB,,^^ 



m 



^ 




ELON COLLEGE, N. C 



One Tea! 
Six Mont 
Six Subscriptions, une xear. 



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LLEGE MONTHLY, 
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To the one sending us 30 cash subscribers at $1.00 we will give a LIGHT RUNNING 
NEW HOME SEWING MACHINE, with latest attachments. 

For 20 cash subscribers at $1.00 a year we will give one ODELL TYPE WRITER, 
(double case.) 

For 10 cash subscribers at $1.00 we will give one WEBSTER'S INTERNATIONAL 
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will do well to note that all students are pledged to their societies to patronize those whos® 
advertisements are inserted. 

THE MONTHLY appeals for your subscription, and asks your agentship in procuring 
your neighbors. 

SEND WOTi S^MI>LE COI^Y. 

For further information address 

MANAGERS, 
Elon College, N. C. 



C. M. VANSTORY, & CO. 

HE^I3QUA.RTERS FOR 

Fine Clothing, Hats and Gent's Furnishing Goods. 

We carry all the best makes and latest styles. 

We are wholesale agents for the following manufacturers and impor- 

ers : 

THE feTElN BLOCK CO., TAILOR MADE CLOTHING, SLCOLS BROS. & CO. 
HAMBERGER BROS. & CO., AND STROUSE & BROS., FINE DRESS AND 
SCHOOL SUITS FOR men, youths and doys, MANHATTAN dress shirts, WILSON 

BROS. FINE NECK WEAR UNDERWARE. 

We have the Largest and Finest Stock in North Carolina. 
All Elon College Professors and Students are requested to make our 
store their home when in Greensboro. 

SUirrt MADE TO ORDER 

in ten days. Fit guaranteed. Everything at the lowest cash prices., do 
not fail to see our stock before you buy. Respectfull}^ 

C. M. VANSTORY, 

2i3SoutnElmSt. GREENSBORO, N. C. 



DR. G. . KERNODLE, 

Practicing Physic an, 

ELON COLLEGE, N. C. 

Calls in country promptly attended to. 
OFFICE AT RESIDENCE. 



DR. R M MORROW 

DRNTftL SUHEEnN, 

BURLINGTON, N. C. 

HOLT BUILDING, 

Corner Front and Main Streets. 



Mrs. Kate R Thompson, 

MttMIFlI 

ISfAlHSilllf , 

Is now filled with nice goods 

You are always welcome in its parlors ^ 

New Post.ollJre Buildin- BURLINGTON, N. C. 

Muiu St, 



BUSINESS DEPARTMENT. 



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W. H. BOONE, Traveling Agent. 

Miss EMMA WILLIAMSON, Soliciting Agent. 

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C F Heeee, Jwweler. 

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HiS^ K E Tliwnpson, Milliner. 

orahasi, N. 0. 

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SUFFOTjK, va, 

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GREENSBORO, N. C. 

C M Vanstory & Co., Clothiers and Hattere 

S L Alderman, I'liDtographer, 

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E R Eishblate, Clothier and Hatter. 

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CHIOAGO, ILL. 

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University, N. 0. 



THE 



ELON COLL EGE MONTHL Y, 

— ■ ■ — r-. 

VOLUiME III JANUARY 1894. NUMBER 3. 



NOTICE. 

Correspondents will please send all raatt,cr in 
tended for publication to 

Tub Editors, 

EJon College, N. C 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 
One dollar per scholastic year, c;ish in advance- 
Remittances should be made payable to" 
Business ifAXAGEKS, 

Elon College, N. C. 



So 



HOW NORTH CAROLINA CARES FOR HER INSANE, 



The State hospitals were built 
for and are maintained by the 
people of North Carolina for the 
specific purpose of caring for the 
insane of the State, and are not 
to be considered places made to 
give salaries and wages to indi- 
viduals. The welfare of the pa- 
tients is always the first consid- 
eration. Insanity is a disease to 
be treated, and in order to pro- 
tect society the State has placed 
the insane in hospitals to be 
cured, if possible. Every- 
thing is done that is possible, 
looking forward to the happiness 
and comfort of this class of un- 
fortunates. 

The State yearly spends for 
this purpose large sums of mon- 
ey which come from the people. 
And it is expected that this mon- 
ey be used economically. Eadi 
person intrusted with any prop- 
erty belonging to these asylums 
is held to a strict accountability. 
The existing by-laws of these in- 
stitutions constitute Board of Di- 
rectors, Duties of Superinten- 
dents, Assistant Physicians, Stew- 



ards, Matrons, Treasurers, Engi- 
neers, Druggists, Carpenters, 
Farmers, Gardners, House-keep- 
ers, Laundresses, Store-keepers, 
Seamstresses, Supervisors, 
Night Attendants, Nurses, and 
Watchmen. Let us now en- 
deavor to learn a word or two 
concerning the duties of each. 
As to the Superintendents, they 
must be educated and experienc- 
ed in their professions, with 
a practical knowledge 
of the treatment of the in- 
sane and the management of 
a hospital for the insane. The 
Assistant Physicians must be 
medical graduates, well 
educated and of good stand- 
ing, and licentiates of the Board 
of Medical . Examiners of the 
State of North Carolina. They 
are required te make such notes 
as are required to kee^) the his- 
tories of the patients as com- 
plete as postwble and direct such 
changes in the medicines and 
diet as may seem needful. The 
warmth, cleanliness and venti- 
lation of the wards and the giv- 



The Elon Coelege Monthly, 



ing of baths are under their gen- 
eral direction. The Stewards 
shall keep clear methodical and 
itemizeci accounts of all pur- 
chases, of all receipts and ex- 
penditures on account of patients 
as well as of the institution. It 
is the duty of the Matrons to 
look carefully after the female 
patients, to be with them as much 
as possible, to see that the pa- 
tients are kindly treated, that 
their food is properly served and 
distributed, etc. But their spec- 
ial duty is to see to those that 
are sick. The Treasurer shall 
keep clear accounts of all money 
received or paid out by him for 
the institutions. The Engineers 
have charge of all the tools and 
stock in their department, and 
have to see to it that good order 
and system prevail. The Drug- 
gists reside in the hospitals un- 
der the direction of Superinten- 
dents and Assistant Physicians, 
they must prepare and put up 
the medicines prescribed, and 
make such records thereof as re- 
quired. 

As to the Carpenters they have 
charge of all buildings and shall 
make repairs and improvements 
on the same. 

The House-keepers have im- 
mediate oversight of the kitch- 
en, bakers and cooks, and must 
see that they perform their du- 
ties in a faithful manner. 

The duties of the Supervisors 
are to have a supervision of the 
wards. They visit the wards, 
and observe the manner in which 
the attendants and nurses per- 
form their duties, it is their duty 
to report any misconduct or ne-- 
gleet. 



The duties of Night Atten- 
dants and Nurses begin at 6 
o'clock p. m., and continue to 6 
o'clock a. m., but they may be 
called upon for service after 3 
o'clock p. m. At 8 o'clock in 
the evening, they will pass 
through the wards, speak with 
each attendant, see that they are 
in their places, and have no com- 
pany. Night Attendants are en- 
joined to go very quietly about 
at night, wear slippers, and if a 
door creeks, see that it is reme- 
died. The Attendants have to 
arrive at the ringing of the bell, 
and at once commence the du- 
ties of the day. They have to 
greet the patients politely when 
the doors of the sleeping rooms 
are opened, see that they arise, 
are neatly dressed, bathed, their 
hair combed, and their dress 
tidy and in good order in time 
for breakfast. Attendants are re- 
quested to treat the patients with 
kindness. "Violent hands must 
never, under any circumstances, 
be laid on a patient." 

As it was said at the beginning 
that it would be endeavored to 
recount a few of the duties of 
those who have charge of the in- 
sane, that task has now been 
accomplished in as brief a man- 
ner as possible. Now as to the 
number of Asylums in North 
Carolina. There are three ; one 
located in Morganton, one in 
Raleigh, and the other at Golds- 
boro — the latter being solely tor 
the colored race. And now a 
a few practical remarks must 
suffice. As to the institution at 
Morganton, the percentage of 
recoveries for ten years has been 
37, the average yearly death-rate 



The Elqn CoLl.E(?fe ?foNf«LS', 



46 per cent, of those under treat- 
ment. The appropriation of 
$90,000 per annum is sufficient 
for support for the next two years 
at Morganton. $9,000 per an- 
num for enlarging capacity is 
added. 

Too much stress cannot be 
laid on the urgent necessity for 
early hospital treatment. Ad- 
vance sheets from United States 
census for 1890 show an increase 
of population in North Caro- 
lina of 217,842, since 1880, 181,- 
949 white and 35,893 colored 
persons. 

The number of insane in 1880 
was 2,028 ; in 1890, 1,732. An 
actual decrease of 296, notwith- 
the fact that the increase of pop- 
ulation was more than 200,000 
This large decrease in insanity 
in the State is due to the treat- 
ment received in the hospitals 
and asylums. Of the 1,732 in- 
sane in 1880, 1,322 are white, 
410 are colored ; 831 of the white 
insane are in the Western dis- 
trict and 491 in the Eastern. In 
round numbers the capacity of 
Morganton hospital is 550, the 
Raleigh asylum 300, the Eastern 
hospital at Goldsboro 300,making 
a total capacity of 1,150 insane 
provided for and 582 not in any 
of the institutions. We have 281 
white insane persons not in the 
hospitals, in the Eastern district 
there are 191. 

It is seen by these figures that 
all the institutions need enlarg- 
ing. The one at Morganton is 
the largest of all and the one at 
Goldsboro the least. Compara- 
tively, North Carolina has provid- 
ed better for the colored insane 
than for the white. Many male 



lunatics are now languishing in 
jails and jX)or houses in Wes- 
tern North Carolina and this is 
near the end of the nineteenth 
century. The jails and poor- 
houses m North Carolina are not 
as a rule, fit for criminals and 
the sane poor. We have the 
following statement of the opera- 
tions of the institution at Ral- 
eigh, the records covering that 
portion of its operation under 
the administration, from Dec. i, 
1888 to Sept. 14. 1889. There 
were remaining in the asylum 
on that date 296 patients, 142 
males and 154 females : the num- 
ber of admissions during the ten 
years from Nov. 36, 1888 to Nov. 
30, 1890, were 98 males and 70 
females. Total number treated 
during the two years 460. 

Total number of deaths 29 
males, and 22 females. On in- 
vestigation it is found that the 
whole number of patients admit- 
ted from the opening of the asy- 
lum Feb. 23, 1856, to Nov. 30, 
1890, has been 2,140 of whom 
570 have died, while the number 
of discharges for that period 
were 1,276, leaving 294 now un- 
der treatment in the asylum. 
The Board particularly and earn- 
estly asked of the Legislature the 
following sums : For maintain- 
ance per annum $52,500.00, for 
repairs per annum, $5,000, for 
additional construction, per an- 
num, $15,000. 

The following may be of inter- 
est to note. Among the English- 
men of letters who have become 
insane, or have had hallucinations 
and peculiarities symtomatic of 
insanity, are Swift, Johnson, 
Cowper, Southey, Shelby, By- 



The ELO>f College Monthly. 



ron, Goldsmith, Lamb, and Poe, 
and others. Swift actually fear- 
ed insanity saying once on 
seeing a tree that had been struck 
by lightning, "I shall be like 
that tree, shall die at' the top." 
Later in life he became a violent 
maniac. Of all diseases on 
earth "insanity" is the most to 
be feared. This is readily seen 
when it is remembered that mind 
is the noblest of God's handi- 
work, and reason its crowning 
glory. And thus when the rea- 
son is dethroned, the mind cea- 
ses to be mind and the man is 
but a wreck, a shadow, an empty 
casket of his former self. Nor 
do we know who the unfortunates 
will be until the destructive blast 
has spent its fury and the with- 



ering hand'has claimed its vic- 
tim.- 

For this reason our insane 
asylums and homes should be 
kept in the very best of comfort, 
ease and plenty. To find an un- 
fortunate and throw him in pris- 
on for what he could not help, 
and to this add ill 'abuse, mal- 
treatment and neglect to the al- 
ready worst of conceivable con- 
ditions, is a shame, a sin and dis- 
grace. And the fact that North 
Carolina is not caring foi her 
insane as she ought, and having 
many uncared for at all, is a re- 
proach to her great name, a stig- 
ma upon her fair fame, and a 
travesty upon her boasted liber- 
ality and charity and brotherly 

love. 

Emma Williamson. 



DEPRESSION OF MONOPOLY. 



We often boast of our 19th cen- 
tury civilization, our railways 
and telegraphs, our broad plains 
and fertile valleys, and immense 
stores of mineral wealth that lie 
deep down in the inner vaults of 
God's great granite safe, which 
are yet to be unearthed and giv- 
en to the world. Until recent 
years it was thought that this 
land of plenty teeming as it does 
with fragrant flowers, luscious 
fruits, and with agricultural re- 
sources, capable of sustaining a 
hundred million souls, would es- 
cape the painful evils that have 
so sorely afflicted the old world. 
This, the youngest, fairest and 
richest nation on the globe should 
surely be spared the discipline of 
poverty and inherited misery. 
But the laws for human existence 



were found to be the same in 
both hemispheres. The strug- 
gle for existence was the same 
old struggle. 

The experiences of the last 
few generations have unfolded 
and exposed these misconcep- 
tions ; and, now all men with 
eyes and ears turned to the front, 
know full well that in the mak- 
ing or marring of our nation's fu- 
ture, poverty must play its part. 
The right distribution of proper- 
ty, which is the kernel ot the so- 
cial question is the great prob- 
lem of our civilization. What 
shall we do with the millionaire 
and the tramp? are questions 
that force themselves upon us. 
The classes irom which we have 
most to fear are the two extremes 
of society — the dangerously rich 



Elon College Monthly. 



and the dangerously poor. But 
the greatest danger that threat- 
ens the uprooting of society, the 
demolition of civil institutions, 
the destruction of liberty, and 
the desolation of all, is that 
which comes from the rich and 
powerful classes. On the one 
hand we see the tyrann}'- of 
wealth, the heartless robbery of 
speculation and gambling, the 
revolving spectacle of crimnal 
ostentation, and the lavish ex- 
penditure of wealth in voluptuous 
enjoyment, by thousands who 
neither toil nor spin. We see 
an arrogant plutocracy securing 
class privileges and favors ; 
while on the other hand we see 
the aroused indignation of mil- 
lions of wage-earners who know 
that something is radically 
wrong, but whose minds have 
been dulled by grinding toil and 
poverty, until they are unable to 
remedy the evil or extricate 
themselves from its clutches. 

Fifty years ago poverty, as we 
now understand it, was al- 
most unknown. All men willing 
to work were able to procure a 
a living. Now they exist b}"" the 
thousands- huddled together in 
our great cities, in virtual death, 
caused by the want of the bare 
necessities of life. Tens of thou- 
sands are crowded in tenement 
houses, where they work from 
12 to i8 hours per day in order 
to keep soul and body together. 
The rich in their guil'ded palaces, 
which the}' have erected wit!h 
the hard earnings that they have 
wrung from the- ver)' heart of 
poverty, have constnicted their 
walls so thick that the moans of 
humanity have failed to pierce 



them. They have sacrificed the 
wage-workers and their families 
for their own selfish gains. They 
have entared into combinations 
powerful enough to command 
trade, and then stop work for 
weeks, and months in order to 
rnflate prices already fair. Thus, 
in this land of plenty, a few men 
may order a famine in thousands 
of homes. They close factories 
and mines ; and thousands of 
working people are forced into 
unwilling idleness. Notwith- 
standing the fact that we have 
received the warm breath of the 
19th century civilization, this 
gulf between the rich and the 
poor continues to grow wider 
and deeper. 

Many of our honest, hard- 
working laborers are already be- 
ginning to feel that under the 
existing industrial system they 
are condemned to hopeless pov- 
erty. 

Every nation has its aristoc- 
rac3^ In other countries it is 
one of birth, in ours it is one of 
wealth. It is useless for us to 
protest that we are democratic 
and plead the equalifying char- 
acter of our institutions ; for 
there is among us an aristocra- 
cy of recognized power, and that 
aristocracy is one of wealth. 
The fragments of despotism long 
since (disn>embered and thought 
dead, are seeking each other 
like the dry banks in Ezekiels 
visiorj, to prosecute the same 
•old spiiTt of tyrannical oppres- 
sion. 

These' tendencies linfofd the 
future they are the mighty char- 
acters in which time has written 
his prophecies. 



Elon College Monthly. 



History declares in the ruins 
Df !&abylon and Thebes of 
Greece and Rome, that wealth 
has no conserving forces^ and 
that if this tremendous overbear- 



ing surge of power is not check- 
ed, it will inevitably subtnerge 
and bury our liberties forever, 
and the cea«eles« roll of a^es 
will chant the funeral dirge. 
R. T. Hurley. 



LITERARY POSSIBILITIES OF THE WEST. 



In all ages some part of the 
world has been considered as 
the magnetic center around 
which everything else seemed to 
revolve. All the affairs of civili- 
zation and enlightenment have 
verified this proposition and 
handed it down to us, the people 
of the closing years of the nine- 
teenth century, as an established 
fact. 

The first nation that arose to 
prominence as a civilizing fac- 
tor in the great drama of the 
world, was Greece, This nation 
had for its dominant centre Ath- 
ens, a city of magnificent struct- 
ure. In her day she swayed the 
sceptre of intellectuality, and 
stood forth as the guiding star 
of all knowledge. Not only was 
she considered great in her day, 
but all succeeding generations 
and civilized nations have ac- 
knowledged her intellectual su- 
premacy. Athens was the moth- 
er of the fine arts, and the found- 
er of a system of philosophy, 
which has scarcely been sur- 
passed by any succeeding nation. 
From her vaults eminated the 
preducts of genius which have 
been scarcely surpassed b}'' the 
genius of the nineteenth centur)\ 

But Athens with all of he* 
greatness was soon to b^ Only a 
thing of the ijast; When; Rome 
with idU the p'omp of royalty ap- 



peared upon the stage of activi- 
ty. Soon after her establish- 
ment she was recognized by all 
nations, then known, as the cen- 
ter of civilization and enlighten- 
ment. Every power in the 
world seemed to bow submissive- 
ly to the tyrannical rule of the 
Roman Empire. 

Next in succession London 
steps upon the stage to play 
her part in the literary 
world. From her have eminat- 
ed some of the noblest geniuses 
the world has ever seen ; and 
these have dazzled the eyes of 
men with the glory and splendor 
of their literary productions. 

When the centre of literature 
passed westward to England it 
did not remain there, but cross- 
ed the heaving billows of the At- 
lantic, and rested upon the eas- 
tern shore of the American con- 
tinent. The East has been the 
great commercial and literary 
center of America ever since the 
first colonists landed upon her 
soil. However, a favorite prop- 
osition of the West is, that if the 
West had been settled first, the 
East would have been a wilder- 
ness totlay,^ because the fertile 
soil, rich resources, and ease of 
commerce of the midland would 
have made it the home of art^ 
cnltiife and fefifieffienii 

Comparatively, the West has 



The Elon College Monthly. 



just been discovered and her re- 
sources have not yet been devel- 
oped, but no doubt her ability 
will be tested in the near future. 

The East is pouring^ millions 
of men into the midland, who 
are becoming settled and are 
fast developing the resources 
heretofore unknown to the civil- 
ized world. They are building 
new cities which rise with a ra- 
pidity almost inconceivable. It 
is true they are mush-room cities 
to a certain extent, built for spec- 
ulation, but people are coming 
on who will make substantial 
these mush-room cities and 
make them temples of art and 
song. The literary horizon has 
been changing with a slow 
but steady march. The center 
of the productions of arts are 
continually moving westward. 
While Boston and New York 
are contending about which has 
the most literary men, the West 
and South bids them write ; 
for in the near luture they 
will need the co-operation of 
each other to defend their cause. 

Boston has held supremacy in 
American literature for more 
than half a century. The men 
who have contributed to her 
fame are Emerson, Hawthorn, 
Whittier, Longfellow, Lowell, 
Holmes, and many others of sim- 
ilar character. As long as these 
distinguished men lived it was 
an easy matter for Boston to 
hold her predominence over all 
others as a literary center ; but 
when they passed from the stage 
of action it was but natural that 
Boston should be left in a condi- 
tion showing literary decline. 
To-day Boston has lost her liter- 



ary supremacy, and New York 
has attained the ascendanc)^ as 
the literary centre of America, 
The artists of Boston are contin- 
ually going to New York, where 
the}' can lind warmer reception. 
The literary spirit in New York 
is fast attaining the zenith of its 
glory, hence the artists' produc- 
tions receive the most profound 
attention.' New York's suprem- 
acy today in art is just as com- 
plete as its commercial domina- 
tion in railways and stocks. 

Although it, stands forth as 
the literary center, it must not 
forget that the writers who make 
it illustrious are products of the 
South and West. If you run 
over the list of magazine writers 
you will find how true this state- 
ment is. Each one of the prin- 
cipal Southern and Western 
States has at least one or two 
representatives. Therefore, the 
supremacy of New York is onl}'- 
the result of the literary uprising 
of the whole nation. It will be 
hard for New York to maintain 
her supremacy with a nation of 
seventy millions of people and 
with cities containing more than 
half a million inhabitants spring- 
ing up in the interior and on the 
western sea. 

Already Chicago has menaced 
New York as the leader in com- 
merce. The whole South and 
West are in open rebellion 
against New York on account 
of her financial rule. The Col- 
umbian Exposition has taught 
Chicago something higher than 
merely business. It has opened 
a bright future for the noted city 
and shown her the material out 
of which she may become the 



The Elon College Monthly 



literary center of the nation. 
There has been established 
vast libraries, universities and 
museums, which are only the 
preparations for an illustrious 
career. After these institutions 
have developed their resources, 
then follows the expressive age. 
No doubt Chicago will be, in a 
a few years, the magazine cen- 
ter of America. Then, will the 
productions be more American. 

Chicago is not as near the 
coast as New York and Boston, 
hence she will be farther from 
the influence oi London and 
Paris. New York is not in 
touch with the people of the 
West. She is too imitative. Chi- 



cago is much more American 
than the eastern cities. The 
West is already germinating a 
literature, not of books, but of life, 
It takes its inspiration from ori- 
ginal contact with men and na- 
ture. 

England has been calling for 
the original American style, but 
hitherto has failed to receive it. 

When the literary resources of 
the West and South are devel- 
oped, then will the thoughts of 
the people find expression in the 
true American style. Then will 
be seen the beauties of Ameri- 
can life ; then will be felt the 
true heart-throbs of American 
feeling. 

J. W. Harrell. 



THE DEAF, DUMB, AND BLIND. 



Few words in the English 
language carry with them a 
sadder picture than these : deaf, 
dumb, and blind. Yet, until com- 
paratively recent years, this feel- 
ing for these poor unfortunates 
has been productive of little be- 
yond the mere feeling. For a 
long time it did not impel men 
to action ; but now, under the 
benign influences of a progres- 
sive civilization and a true 
Christian spirit, men's hearts are 
touched and a somewhat liberal 
response is being made to the 
call of mercy. Asylums have 
been and are still iDeing estab- 
lished for the care and develop- 
ment of those poor benighted 
human beings who are so sadly 
deprived of the happiness that 
comes to us through the sense 
of sight and hearing. 

Great advancement is being 



made in the methods of train- 
ing ; and many times we are as- 
tonished to see such a wonder- 
ful display of faculties hitherto 
thought dead. A most striking 
illustration of what can be done 
for these poor unfortunates is 
seen in the case of Helen Keller 
who first entered under the 
training of Annie M. Sullivan in 
March 1887. The training was 
begun by putting in possession 
of the child the usual manual 
alphabet. She easily compre- 
hended what was desired of her 
and seemed to understand that 
she was learning the names of 
the objects around her, different 
objects being given to her which 
she could readily examine by 
the sense of touch. 

Immediatel}^ after the exam- 
ination Miss Sulliran would 
slowly spell the name of the ob- 



The Elon Coelege Monthly. 



ject with her fingers while Hel- 
en held her hand and felt the 
motion ; then by a little aid irom 
her teacher she would repeat the 
word with her own fingers. In 
a few da3's she mastered the en- 
tire alphabet and was able to 
spell the names of objects ; so 
that in April 1887 she could 
even form sentences, such as, 
"Box is on table." Previous to 
this time the method adopted 
in teaching others had been us- 
ed ; but Miss Sullivan found it 
not sufficient for the need of 
her little pupil. She found it 
evident that it was not wise to 
confine herself strictly to the 
words of which Helen knew the 
full meaning. Therefore were 
given new words in sentences 
without an}^ explanation con- 
cerning their meaning. And it 
was observed that she used them 
properly, often without inquiry, 
soon coming in possession of a 
vocabulary that astonished every- 
body ; and even wrote in a cor- 
rectly spelled and legible hand 
without assistance. She was al- 
ways talked to as if she had 
been a seeing and hearing child. 
Often some one would ask Miss 
Sullivan if Helen could under- 
stand this or that word. She 
would reply, "Never mind 
whether or not she understands 
each separate word in a sen- 
tence ; she will guess the mean- 
ing of the new words from their 
connection with others which 
are already intelligible to her." 
Her teacher always made it a 
practice to use words descriptive 
of emotion with some such words 
as "perhaps," "suppose," "ex- 
pect," and the like. 



Helen was always anxious to 
learn the names of persons 
around her, and would never 
rest until she had asked several 
questions about them ; thus find- 
ing out something of life and 
adding each day, new words to 
her vocabulary. After these 
words became familiar to her 
she began to use them in com- 
position. 

She had books printed in rais- 
ed letters long before she could 
read them, amusing herself 
hours during each day in care- 
fully passing her fingers over 
some word she knew, and on 
finding one, she would scream 
with delight. Miss Sullivan of- 
ten read to her such books as 
were suited to her age, and she 
always grasped the ideas quick- 
ly. She found out that unfortu- 
nates like herself had been 
taught to speak by resting" their 
fingers on the teacher's mouth 
while the latter was speaking. 
In hearing this Helen eagerly 
replied. "Oh ! yes, I know I can 
learn ;" and she became so en- 
thusiastic over it that she could 
not sleep at night, and immedi- 
ately began to make sounds 
which she called speaking. Her 
teacher at once saw it was neces- 
sary to give her correct instruc- 
tion. This she did ; and in three 
years from that day Helen could 
make known her wants and feel- 
ings by oral language. Thus 
the little darkened mind began 
to roll its clouds away ; and 
years of perseverance have shed 
into that once saddened life the 
blessed light of a higher and 
happier existence. There are 
thousands of just such unfortu- 



OI 



The Elon College Monthly. 



nates to-day. Oh ! what a re- 
sponsibility resting upon the 
favored of humanity ! Let the 
love of Him who has so blessed 
us constrain us to help those 
who cannot help themselves. 
What a sad life theirs must be ! 
It seems sad enough for one to 
have to be a deaf-mute ; but 
when also blind it must be a 
trouble so great that the poor 
unfortunate can scarcely bear. 
Never to have heard the joyful 
tread of friends, no careful 
father's counsel, no dear moth- 
er's voice, no knowledge of one's 
Divine Creator ; in this dread 
silence no communication with 
kindred spirits. But our dear 
little friend, Helen Keller, is 
even more greatly afflicted. She 
never has beheld the beauties of 
nature, nor seen her mother's 
lovely face. Nothing heard, 
nothing seen, for all is endless 
darkness to her. 

In one way we may look up- 
on this class as being blessed. 
You may be ready to ask, in 
what way? Well, it is this, they 
cannot hear and therefore know 
nothing of the evils of this 
world, that come to us through 
the hearing ; and again, they 
have such bright minds. Some 
one has said, they are rapid in 
observation and are never known 
to forget. This is only a faint 
spark in so dark and desolate a 
life. These unfortunates are 
taken away from society. They 



are as it were alone in the world, 
their onl}'^ real and true compan- 
ions being found among them- 
selves. It is true there are those 
who are interested in these poor 
defectives, but they know not 
how to enter into sympathy with 
them , for it can be truly said 
that experience is the only 
teacher of sympathy. 

It is one of the sad thoughts 
of the present day that there is 
not more effort put forth to edu- 
cate them, and by so doing 
make them happier. In the 
Word of God we are told to help 
those who cannot help them- 
selves. Some may ask why we 
wish to help these unfortunates ; 
they can be of little or no good 
to society. Doubtless Sumner 
would say put them out in the 
sun and there let them die, the 
world would be better ofl' with- 
out them. But not so ; God has 
put them here, and we should 
endeavor to make life pleasant 
for them. So it is a duty, as 
well as a privilege for us to edu- 
cate them and make life a joy 
and happiness instead of misery 
and despair. May the day soon 
dawn when a spirit of love and 
sacrifice coining from the Fount 
of all life, will enter the great 
heart of humanity and set it 
a-throb in behalf of these poor 
benighted lives, lifting the veil 
that enshrouds them, and letting 
in the blessed light of a new life, 
a more perfect existence. 

Annie Lee Gardner. 



The Elon College Monthly. 



II 



TRACES OF BARBARISM IN COLLEGE ATHLETICS. 



Experience taught students in 
the early history of mental in- 
vestigation that the body must 
be exercised along with the mind. 

At the present time we love to 
compare our science and philos- 
ophy with that of those primitive 
periods and boast of our superi- 
ority along these lines. 

We look upon their religion, 
their governing thought, their 
character as rude and uncomely 
in appearance, dwelling in the 
thickets and bogs far away from 
the highway of truth that we are 
travelling. 

We look upon their sports as 
being barbaric and cruel, com- 
paring favorably with their men- 
tal discipline. 

We pride ourselves on the su- 
periority of our religion, science 
and philosopay. 

We are gh-d we live in an age 
when enlightenment and popu- 
lar sentiment no longer admits 
a trace of the uncivilized and 
barbaric custLims of the amphi- 
theater and the gladiatorial 
shows. 

No one Wi i deny that there 
has been almc st a cor""^^'^te revo- 
lution in all 1 anches of philoso- 
phy since th' prim:* ':hools 
of thought e isted , .,. , many 
will deny th< existence of any 
traces of thos • old barbaric cus- 
.toms in the c -liege athletics of 
today so hon jtly and candidly 
as some your ; women deny that 
the popular low-necked and 
short sleeved tress is an unadul- 
terated relib f the most primi- 
tive and unci iized German cos- 
tume. 



It is a law in the natural 
world that a pendulum set in 
motion tends to go as far beyond 
a perpendicular let fall from the 
point of support as it was from 
this line when set in motion. It 
is the momentum that gives it 
this tendency, and were it not 
for gravitation the pendulum 
would continue to swing. 

College athletics act much the 
same way. Demand for physi- 
cal exercise is the force that 
raises the pendulum up on one 
side. Popular sentiment and 
athletic excitement carry it as 
far to the other. Reason is grav- 
itation that tends to stop it in the 
center. 

The world does not think now 
as it did four thousand years 
ago, but gravitation, as far as 
we know, has always acted just 
as it now does. 

Likewise excitement and pop- 
ular sentiment in athletic sports 
now have the same etTect that 
they had in the days of the Ro- 
man and Grecian history, so far 
as they have not been influenced 
by social culture. Thi::. accounts 
for >=■" of primitive philosophy 
in the ^luiosophy of today than 
there is of barbaric c stoms in 
the college athletics of :he pres- 
ent time. 

What student in a German 
university would believe 
Ptolemy's crystal sphe -e theory 
in Astronomy? yet how criel 
and barbaric, how like the c:h- 
lelii s of Ptolemy's age are th .'ir 
coll 3ge athletics ! 

Gormany is surrouaded by 
other great nations, some of 



12 



'I'heElon College Moothly. 



challenge each other as is done 
in foot-ball in the United States. 
Not infrequently the duels with 
swords result in death. But when 
a duel is fought between students 
of different universities or col- 
leges, if one party offends the 
other by any unfair means in the 
contest, a pistol duel is almost 
sure to be the result, in which 
the death of one party is certain. 

The principle athletic games 
of the English students are crick- 
et, rowing, and foot-ball. This 
last is the principle athletic game 
among American students, 

America, situated as it is with 
a broad ocean on the East and 
on the west, and with no nation 
either on the North or on the 
South that is likely to show any 
hostility that would demand any 
great amount of brute-force, is as 
much to be censured for going 
so far out of reason through ex- 
citement over foot-ball as Ger- 
many it; for carrying dueling to 
such an eiiicent. 

All college students need and 
must have reasonable exercise. 
If this is neglected the body soon 
becomes enfeebled and incapable 
of ^upporting the laboring mind. 
But on the other hand when wild 
excitement, gambling, and blind 
po mlar sentiment tramples rea- 
son under foot and shouts hosan- 
na to triumphant brute force as 
is often done in a match game 
of foot- ball of between two 
coleget, it is time to call up 
the Ion T since buried customs 
of ^he s- vage athlete and see how 
far rem >-■ ed we are from them. 

l^rob- y the most reasonabl' 
college .hletics are practiced by 
the students of the governmeni 



which are hostile to her, and her 
great universities are wise in 
sending out men skilled in mili- 
tary tactics as well as in the arts 
and sciences. 

But the savage principle in 
training men to handle the 
sword, which is the principle in- 
strument used in college athlet- 
ics is inhuman and should be 
denounced by all enlightened 
people. 

In some of the German uni- 
versities as many as three duels 
are fought with swords twice a 
week. The contestants are 
dressed in heavily padded suits 
made of strong material ; a silk- 
en wrap is folded many times 
around the neck and a leather 
pad is wrapped about the head. 

The swords used are very 
keen and sharp. The contes- 
ants meet on the duel ground 
and stand in a bowed posture 
with points of swords crossed 
until the '"word" is given. Now 
each strives with his utmost skill 
and dexterity to plung his sword 
into his opponent, (but of course 
the heavy suits will not allow 
the sword to penetrate to the 
flesh except in the face which is 
left unprotected.) 

The gleam of steel, the sparks 
that fly from clashing swords, the 
blood flowing from gashed faces, 
and the fierce struggle of the 
combatants are as terrifying as a 
combat in real battle. Often the 
two are allowed to combat until 
one is blinded by the blood flow- 
ing from gashes made in his face 
by the sword of the other, or is 
dangerously wounded, or falls 
fainting with exhaustion. 

Students of different colleges 



The Elon College Monthly. 



13 



schools In Switzerland. 

A good example is found in 
the athletics practiced at the an- 
nual feast given generally by the 
citizens. Here the athletics con- 



sist in dancing, running, and 
marching under military orders. 
Nothing beyond the exercise of 
all the muscles and a graceful 
bearing of the body is sought. 

W, P. LaWRjdNCK. 



Editorial. 



OUR MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE STATUTES. 



It hath been well said that "the 
weal of this nation depends upon 
the happiness of its separate 
homes," And no one will doubt 
but that the contentment that ex- 
ists in the homes is the result of 
the discretion exercised in form- 
ing these homes. In view of this 
then it becomes the duty of eve- 
ry true citizen to interest himself 
in the laws that govern and pro- 
tect the marriage relation. 

The ancient adage "marry in 
haste and repent at leisure," has 
been changed and its more mod- 
ern form is : "marry in haste and 
get divorced at pleasure." The 
present condition of the marriage 
and divorce statutes of this coun- 
try are such thet marriages are 
thoughtlessly contracted with the 
feeling that they are not neces- 
sarily entered into for life, but 
that if they do not result in hap- 
piness a divorce can be obtained 
with comparative ease and with 
little loss of social standing. As 
a result of this the number of 
divorces has rapidly increased 
from a comparative small one to 
the enormous amount of from 
30 to 35 thousand per year ; and 
this is only about two-thirds of 
those who apply for them. 



From such statistics as these we 
can see the great restlessness of 
our people, and we are foixed to 
conclude that there is a cause be- 
hind all of this. It is generally 
known that the laws governing 
marriage and divorce are made 
by the legislature of each State. 
And it is amusing to note the in- 
harmony that exists among these 
laws. To any thoughtful person 
it seems almost criminal that 
there should be in the United 
States 49 different sets of statues 
regarding the most important and 
most lasting of all personal con- 
tracts. 

The chief differences in the 
laws governing marriages are : 
first, in regard to age of con- 
sent : In the State ofN. H., with 
the consent of parents a boy of 
14 years old may lawfully marry 
a girl of 12. From this extreme 
it runs to the age of 21 for both 
parties. Second : in regard to 
license, about three-fourths of 
the States require them while the 
other fourth has no check on se- 
cret marriages. As to ceremony : 
in W. Va., a couple cannot be 
married save by a regular or- 
dained minister, but in Va. any 
one may officiate who has been 



14 



The Elon College Monthly. 



authorized by the county court, 
and in Pa. a couple may have a 
few witnesses and marry them- 
selves without the aid of either 
magistrate -or preacher. ' :"rd: 
as to relationship. Here the 
statutes are still more confusing 
In eleven ')tates first-cousins may 
not lawful!}' marry but in all the 
others they may. The range of 
the prohibited degree in step-rel- 
atives is quite amusing. In W. 
Va. a man is forbidden to marry 
his wife's step-daughter by a 
previous marriage. Nor may a 
woman there marry her brother- 
in-law's son, though she ma}'' 
marry her brother-in-law or her 
first-cousin by blood. 

Turning now to the divorce 
statutes of the different States 
we find that the "confusion is 
still more confounding." S. C. 
boasts that "for no cause does she 
grant a divorce." While staid 
N. H. has sixteen causes for di- 
vorce set down in her statutes. 
Florida however carries off the 
palm in that she grants a divorce 
for the habitual indulgence of a 
violent temper. 

Taking the U. S. as a whole 
we find that there, are thirty-four 
distinct causes of divorce allow- 
ed. Another cause of much 
trouble arises from allowing the 
divorced parties to marry again. 
And in nearly all of the States 
either party is allowed to marry 
at any time after a divorce has 
been granted them. This brief 
summary of the various statutes 
shows what a confusion is possi- 
ble in the marriage relation and 
how wide open the door is in this 
country for needless divorces. 

In view of these facts it seems 



scarcely necessary ;o argue that 
some ref^-ra in our narriage and 
divorc> -ates is needed. And 
this n. . reforn is twofold ; 

first, a mure unifona set of stat- 
utes. A.nd second, a better set 
of statutes which mil tend to 
check the swellinr. flood of di- 
vorce instead of tending to in- 
crease it. 

To accomplish this end two 
methods have bee a proposed. 
■ One is to produce more uniform- 
ity between the States, and the 
other as to refer the entire ques- 
tion to national instead of State 
legislation. The nation is vest- 
ed with the power to legislate 
on such things as coinage, pos- 
tal affairs, war and commerce. 
And is not the marriage contract 
a subject of similar universal 
importance? And does it not 
require a uniform system of laws 
in all parts of the country? Most 
other contracts are made for some 
specific purpose, and for a "fixed 
period. But the marriage con- 
tract was instituted by God him- 
self, and was intended to con- 
tinue until broken by death. 
Then we argue that the laws 
should be more strict concerning 
marriages and more uniform re- 
specting divorce. 

Furthermore, we would pro- 
test against the way in which di- 
vorced parties can marry again 
and more especially the guilty 
party. Should a man from whom 
a pure, sweet woman has obtain- 
ed a divorce for an outrageous 
crime be allowed to injure anoth- 
er woman in the same way? 
Should one who has been guilty 
of extreme cruelty be allowed to 
make the second life miserable? 



The Elon College Monthly. 



*S 



Should he who has stigmatized 
one mother and her children by 
his crime be allowed to bring up 
other children under the same 
influence? These questions 
should claim the attention of ev- 
ery true friend of societ}^ and 
the prayers of every loving and 
tender-hearted woman of our 
land. And until such shall be 
the case, and until some reform 
is made, great will be the increase 



of crime and growth of disorder. 
And great wall be the condemna- 
tion of those who should w^ork a 
reform. 

If there were no other cause of 
disorder and trouble in our coun- 
try, this alone would be enough 
to substantiate our argument, in 
the last issue of this magazine, 
in favor of the establishment of 
a social science chair in the col- 
leges and universities of our land. 
J. H. Jones. 



THE WORLD NOT RETROGRADING. 



As some one has said, "We 
were made, every faculty in us, 
physical, intellectual, moral, to 
grow. There is born in each oi 
us as much of good as of evil ; 
and which ever one of these we 
feed and foster in that one we 
will be sure to attain success. It 
is, of course, left with us as to 
whether or not we strive to de- 
velop and cultivate our better 
self. Compare the nations and 
individuals a hundred or even 
fifty years ago, with those of to- 
day and one can not doubt for a 
moment that the world is up- 
grading instead of retrograding. 
The changes in all phases of life 
are for the better. 

There can be but little doubt 
that the social world of today, as 
compared with by gone days, is 
advancing far more rapidly 
than in any former period. 
Crimes and brutality in propor- 
tion to the aggregate of popula- 
tion, are less, and are still grad- 
ually diminishing. Man takes 
better care of man, he bears his 
brother's burdens more often 



than in former times. This is 
proven to us in unmistakable 
terms by the establishment of so 
many asylums, and the systema- 
tic way in which they are con- 
ducted for the defective classes, 
the blind, deaf, dumb, lame, and 
insane. 

In olden times it was the cus- 
tom that intoxicating drinks 
should be served at every social 
gathering ; and if any one drank 
to excess it was not considered 
a disgrace at all. Even the ladies 
were invited to take part m the 
feasts and revels, and if they de- 
clined to accept it w^as often 
thought a rude breech in society, 
and many became offended. But 
to-day how is it? Such customs 
and habits are numbered with 
the things of the past, and are 
rarely recognized save among 
the very fastest classes of society. 
Comparatively speaking, the 
number of drunkards now are 
less than they were 50 years ago ; 
and if the protest against liquor 
traffic continues, a great curse 
will finally be removed and there 



i6 



iHE Elon College Moothly. 



will be a still more noticeable 
advancement toward the higher 
and purer idea of civilization. 

The strict laws with regard 
to immigration are miraculous- 
ly influencing society also, by 
keeping out the more objection- 
able classes, and admitting only 
those who are willing to conform 
to the laws and constitution of 
the state. The people are be- 
ginning to make a closer study 
of social questions and to take 
greater interest in the manage- 
ment of government affairs ; thus 
making purer legislators and 
better legislation. 

The growing intellectual spirit 
among the nations and indivi- 
duals is shedding its wholesome 
influence upon the world. Science 
has done and is doing much to- 
wards unfolding the infinite pos- 
sibilities of life, and discovering 
the many inner hidden truths 
through which God reveals him- 
self. It causes man to aspire to 
higher and nobler things in life, 
to learn to love the truth, to hate 
dogmatism and to develop the ' 
intellectual powers on a liberal 
basis. The increased dissemi- 
nation of knowledge among men 
has been a great agency in re- 
ligion, by sending forth quick- 
ening and wholesome influences 
to the uttermost part of the earth. 
Man is better acquainted with 
himself and with his Maker, as 
his knowledge broadens, and in- 
creases. His vision is clearer, 
new thoughts break in upon him 
and cause him to aspire to the 
nobler things in life. He becomes 
better prepared to aid the help- 
less classes of humanity and to 
administer unto their wants. 



The progress in general mor- 
ality is well worthy of notice. 
There is no room for doubt that 
the great masses of people are 
growing better as an increased 
knowledge of the gospel is rea- 
lized. Why is it that cities have 
to erect tabernacles that will 
hold 10,000 people, to hear a 
Talmage, a Spurgeon, a Beech- 
er, a Moody, a Sam Jones, and 
then be over-crowded? It 
is because, men are anxious to 
hear the word of God proclaim- 
ed in the clearest tones, to learn 
more of his teachings. 

The last national census 
shows us that there has been a 
steadier growth of Christian 
churches, and a larger increase 
of the membership in those 
churches than the previous cen- 
sus did. Every one knows what 
a vast good the Y. M. C. A.'s, 
Y. W. C. A.'s, and the various 
Societies of Christian Endeavor 
have done. It is said that 
Phillips Brooks* with his strong 
heart and rapid voice stopped at 
Old Trinity during business 
hours and cried, "There is hope, 
hope, hope form en !" And God 
says "Surelv goodness and 
mercy shall follow me, and I 
will dwell in the house of the 
Lord forever." Is not that an 
assurance that we may look for 
a better outcome in religious 
work, and a more rapid develop- 
ment in Christian character and 
influence? 

Miss Lucy Stone says, "I be- 
lieve that in the eternal order 
there is always a movement, 
swift or slow, toward what is 
right and true — a tendency to- 
ward higher things strongfer 



The Elon College Monthly. 



17 



than the impulses of evil." 

Mr. D. L. Moody says,^"Vhere 
is every indication that the pres- 
ent dispensation will end in a 
great smash-up, but I believe 
that out of that smash-up the 
most glorious age in the world's 
history will come ; so I look in- 
to the future not with despair, 
but with unbounded delight." 



There is a duty for each one of 
us to perform in the Christian 
life ; and the question should al- 
ways come to us. How can we 
grow better? What can we do 
to help the world to evolve into 
a world of still greater peace 
and happiness? Let us not look 
on the dark side, and to us the 
world will turn its brightest face. 

ROWENA MOFFITT. 



WHY WE SHOULD HAVE COMPULSORY EDUCATION. 



That we are members one of 
another may be said of a state 
as well as ot a church. The 
state as such, is a compact whole, 
and what affects the highest of 
her citizens, affects the lowest as 
well. So when we come to a 
question of education — so wide 
spread in its influence and far 
reaching in its consequences — 
all citizens throughout the state 
are affected thereby. Should 
we have compulsory education, 
then, involves several considera- 
tions and pertains to the poor as 
well as to the rich, the ignorant 
as well as the learned. The first 
of these considerations, then, we 
will term a financial one. Would 
then compulsory education be 
any benefit to the state from a 
financial stand-point? 

First, let us notice our prison 
population, and here we find 
that a majority of the prisoners 
are unedcated. From this we 
immediately draw the conclusion 
that crime is an outcome of ig- 
norance. And what good is it 
going to do to punish crime, so 
long as we let the country re- 
main in ignorance? Stop the 
cause of anything and the effect 



will naturally of itself stop. Then, 
since i<jnorance is the cause of 
crime, would it not be the pro- 
per thing to do away with this 
ignorance by educating the peo- 
ple? 

Take some of the money that 
is expended to keep up our 
courts of justce, prisons, work- 
houses, and put it in schools, and 
we would have fewer criminals 
and less expenses to the state. 
One dollar spent in preventing 
a crime is often worth more 
than one hundred spent in pun- 
ishing it after it has been com- 
mitted. Punishing one crime 
may prevent the same from be- 
ing committed a second time, 
yet it cannot repair the injuries 
done by the one just committed. 
Spending money to punish one 
crime is simply the prevention 
of this one crime; while, at the 
same time, hundreds of others 
are being committed, and in 
order to stop them, thousands of 
dollars must be spent for the 
punishment of each. Now, if 
some of this money were taken 
to clear away this ignorance, the 
fountain-head of much of our 
crime would be destroyed, and 



The EloN College MoN'TMLY. 



there would be no need of so 
much punishment. 

Again, compulsory education 
would elevate the intellectual 
status of the state. It would 
help even the poorest to get 
some education ; and in helping 
to educate those that would not 
otherwise be educated, it would 
elevate the intellectual status of 
the country. 

There also would be much 
talent and genius developed that 
would not otherwise be known. 
There may be great talent lying 
dormant in some mind and all that 
is needed is a little awakening, 
and from it might spring the 
greatest genius the world has 
ever known. We have plenty 
of people who have great talent, 
but they need to be awakened to 
their sense of duty, to be shown 
that there is something in them, 
that there is something more for 
them to do than merely idle their 
time away ; and this may be 
done by compelling them to go 
to school, and when once start- 
ed they rise higher and higher 
until, at last, they become great 
men and women. 

Again, the developnlent of the 
talent of a state means the de- 
velopment of the material re- 
sources of that state. Cultivate 
the intellect of a nation and soon 
improved machinery, invention 
and discoveries begin to tell up- 
on the wealth and advancement 
of that nation. Our state is rich 
in all material resources and all 
we need to develop them is to 
apply the implements which 



modern science, invention, and 
discovery have given us. 

We have tried to show in the 
first part of this paper that the 
most of our crime comes from 
the ignorant, and this comes 
from a want of morality. "Ig- 
norance and immorality go hand 
in hand." "An idle brain is the 
devil's work-shop." Then would 
it not be far better for the idlers 
to be in school, learning some- 
thing that they could take with 
them through life, than idly 
throwing their time away, ben- 
efiting neither themselves nor 
any one else. What the state 
needs is