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3 1833 01179 2097 



Thk Kicht Hon. L,,i(r. 

Eminent Welshmen : 





Author of " Edmund Prys," etc. 

VOL. I. 



123:^ ^:^n 


Aberdare, Lord ... ... ... Frontispiece. 

Adams, John ... ... ... ... ... 31 

Blackwell, Kev. John ("Alun")... ... ... 18 

Bowen, Ben ... ... ... ... ... 19 

Breese, Edward, F.S.A. ... ... ... 16 

Burne-Jones, Sir Edward Coley ... ... ... 17 

Charles, Rev. David, Carmarthen ... ... ... 31 

Charles, Rev. Thomas, B.A., Bala ... ... 32 

Chidlaw, Rev. Benjamin William ... ... ... 33 

Clough, Arthur Hugh ... ... ... 31 

Davies, David, Llandinam ... ... ... 31 

Davies, Rev. Principal David Charles, M.A. ... ... 30 

Davies, Edward ("lolo Trefaldwyn") ... ... ... 49 

Davies, Griffith, the Actuary ... ... ... 40 

Davies, Rev. Howell ... ... ... ... 48 

Davies, Jefferson ... ... ... ... 48 

Davies, Rev. John, Cardiff ... ... ... 49 

Davies, Richard ("Mynyddog") ... ... ... 65 

Davies, Richard (" Tafolog ") ... ... ... 64 

Davies, Robert ... ... ... ... 48 

Dilwyn, Lewis LI. ... ... ... ... 48 

Edwards, Rev. Ebenezer ... ... ... 49 

Edwards, Rev. Lewis, D.D. ... ... ... 81 

Edwards, Rev. Roger ... ... ... 49 

Edwards, Thomas ("Twm o'r Nant") ... ... ... 80 

Edwards, Principal T. C, M.A., D.D. ... ... 97 

Elias, Rev. John ... ... ... ... 96 

Ellis, Thomas Edward, M.P. ... ... ... 100 

Evans, Rev. Christmas ... ... ... ... 101 

Evans, Rev. Daniel Silvan, Ll.D. ... ... 128 

Evans, Rev. Evan ("leuan Glan Geirionydd") ... ... 108 

Evans, Rev. Evan Herber, D.D. ... ... ... 109 

Evans, Rev. John (" Eglwysbach '") ... ... ... 109 

Evans, Rev. Llewelyn loan, D.D., LI D. ... ... 109 

Evans, M. A. ("George Eliot") ... ... ... 109 

Frere, Sii- Henry Edward Bartle ... ... 129 

Gee, Thomas ... ... ... ... ... 144 

Gibson, John ... ... ... ... 129 

Griffith, David ("Chvydfardd") ... ... ... 145 

Griffith, Rev. John, Merthyr Tydfil ... ... 129 

Griffiths, Archdeacon John ... ... ... 129 



Harris, Rev. Howell 

Howell, The Very Rev. Dean, B.D. 

Ho wells, Anthony ... 

Howells, Principal W. 

Hughes, Daviil 

Hughes, Edward, Llechryd 

Hughes, Rev. Hugh ("Huw Tegai") 

Hughes, Rev. Hugh Price ... 

Hughes, John, Pont Robert 

Hughes, Rev. John, D.U., Liverpool 

Hughes, John Ceiriog 

Jeffreys, J. Gwyn, Ll.D F.R.S.... 

Jenkins. Rev. D. M. 

Jones, Rlv. David, Llangan 

Jones, Rev D. Lloyd. Llandinam 

Jones, David William (''Dafyd'l Morganwg 

Jones, Rev. E. Gurnos, D.D. 

Jones, Griffith Rhys ("Caradog") 

Jones, Rev. Hugh, D.D., Llangollen 

Jones, Rev. Humphrey 

Jones, John (•' Idris Fychan ") 

Jones, Rev. John, Rhos 

Jones, John ("Talhaiirn") 

Jones, Rev. John, Talysarn 

Jones, Rev. John Harris, M.A., Ph.D 

Jones, John R. 

Jones, Principal J. Viriamu 

Jones, Michael D. ... 

Jones, Rev. Owen Wynne ("Glasynys") 

Jones, Robert, Llanllyt'ni 

Jones, Rev T. G., D.D. ... 

Jones, Rev. Thomas, Denbigh ... 

Jones, Rev. Thomas Tudno 

Jones. Tom, P.R.C.S. 

Jones, Sir William 

Jones, W. E. ("Cawrdaf"; 

Jones, WilliaTu Peari;e 

Jones, Willi in R. ... 

Kenyon, Lord 

Lewis, Benjamin P. 

Lewis, David (Judge) 

Lewis, Lewis William ('' Llew Llwyf i 

Lewis, Rev. Thomas, B.A. 

Lewis, Rev. W:lliam Dickens, D.D. 

Llwyd, Edward 

Mathew, Admiral Thomas 

Matthews, Rev. Edward, Ewenny 

Morgan, Rev. D., Ysbytty 

Morris, Rev. Caleb 

Morris, Rev. Ebenezer 

Morris, Lewis (" Llewelyn Ddu o Fon ") 

Morris, Sir Lewis ... 


Nicholson, Rev. William ... ... ... ... 369 

Owen, Daniel ... ... ... ... 384 

Owen,, Ellis, F.S.A. ... ... ... ... 384 

Owen, Sir Hugh ... ... ... ... ,388 

Owen, Rev. R. Llugwy, M.A., Ph.D. ... ... ... 464 

Owen, William, R A. ... ... ... 396 

Pa§et, Henry William, Marquis of Anglesey ... ... 432 

Parry, Dr. 'Joseph ... ... ... ... 397 

Phillips, Rev., D.D. ... ... ... 416 

Picton. Sir Thomas ... ... 417 

Prvse, John Robert ("Golyddan") ... ... ... 464 

Pryse, Robert. 'John (" (iweirydd ap Rhys") ... 480 

Pughe, Dr. William Owen ... ... ... 465 

Pugh, Rev. John, D.D., Cardiff ... ... ... 385 

Rees. Rev. Henry ... ... ... ... 464 

Rees, Robert ("Eos Morlais") ... ... ... 448 

Richard, Henry, M.P. ... ... ... 453 

Richards, David (" Dafydd lonawr ") ... ... ... 432 

•Roberts,. David C'Dewi Havhesp'l ... ... ... 177 

Roberts, John (" leuan Gwyllt ") ... ... 481 

Roberts, Richard, the Inventor ... ... ... 433 

Roberts, Rev. R. D.(Llwynhendy) ... ... 452 

Rolerts, Rev. W. C, D.D., Ll.D. ... ... ... 460 

Rowlands, Judge Bowen ... ... ... 449 

Rowlands, Daniel ... ... ... ... 461 

Rowlands, Rev. W., D.D. ... ... ... 432 

Saunders, Rev. David, D.D. ... ... ... 464 

Stanley, Sir H. M. ... ... ... ... 496 

Stephen, Rev. Edward (" Tanymarian ") ... ... 497 

Thomas, Ebenezer (" Eben Fardd ") ... ... 512 

Thomas, Rev. Owen, D.D... . ... ... ... 513 

Thomas, Rev. William (" Islwyn ") ... ... 528 

Vaughan, Archbishop ... ... ... ... 529 

Watts- Hughes, Mrs. Margaret ... ... ... 544 

Williams, S::dwar<l("Iolo Morganwg")... ... ... 560 

Williams, Rev. Edward ... ... ... 560 

Williams, Judge Gwilym ... ... ... 608 

Williams, Rev. J. (Erromanga) ... ... ... 561 

Williams, Morgan B. ... ... ... ... 576 

Williams, Rev. Peter, Carmarthen ... ... 660 

Williams, Rev. Morris, M. A. (" Nicander ") ... ... 577 

Williams, WatkinH.C'Watcyn Wyn") ... ... 609 

Williams, Rev. W. (" Caledfryn ") ... ... ... 560 

Williams, Rev. William (Pantycelyn) ... ... 593 

Williams, William, F.R.C.V.S., F.R.S.E. ... ... 592 

Wilson, Richard ... ... ... ... 545 


The MS. of this work was sent to the Carnarvon National 
Eisteddfod, 1906, in competition for a prize of £50 offered for " A 
List, with short notes, of Eminent Welshmen who tiourished between 
1700 and 1900." Nineteen compositions were received, ten of which 
were written in Welsh and nine in English. The prize was awarded 
to a Welsh compilation. The adjudicators described this work as "an 
excellent compilation," shewing " much discrimination as to who are 
eminent and who are not," and added that they considered it well 
worthy of publication. 

The Author has chosen to write in English, rather than in Welsh, 
because he has long felt the need of such a work in that language. A 
good deal more has been published on the subject in Welsh than in 
English, and there are indications that a volume such as this will be 
welcomed by a large number of readers of Welsh descent who are 
unable to speak the language, as well as by the steadily increasing 
number of Englishmen who take a keen interest in everything 
appertaining to the Principality. 

The Biog?'aphical Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen, by the 
Rev. Robert Williams, M.A., published in 1852, has long been out of 
print. The present Dictionary brings that work up to date, but it 
also includes some hundreds of names omitted by Williams. The 
following, taken from two surnames only, are cited as examples : — 

Morgan, Rev. Auel, 1673-1722, a Morgan, Rev. John, born about 

Baptist minister and author. 1G80, a clergyman and author. 

Morgan, Rev. Auel, 1712-1785, an Morgan, Maurice, 1726-1802, a 

eminent American preacher. civil servant and author. 

Morgan, DANiEr,, 1736-1802, the Morgan, Thomas, -17G9,Member 

American general. of Parliament and Judge- Advocate 

David, -1746, the General. 

Welsh Jacobite and author. 

Morgan, Eev. Thomas, 1720-1799, Morris, Rev. David. 1744-1791, 
of Morley, near Leeds, a Presby- preacher and hymn-writer, 

terian minister and author. Morris, Ebenezer, 1769-1825, the 
Morgan, Thomas, 1737-1813, a celebrated preacher. 

Unitarian minister and author. Morris, Godverneur, 1752-1816, the 
Morgan, William, 1750-1833, the American diplomatist. 

eminent actuary. Morris, Lewis, - 1746, an 

Morris, Captain Charles, 1745- American jurist. 

1838, the political tong-writer. Morris, Robert, 1734-1806, the 
American Secretary of Finance. 

It may be explained that the strictly alphabetical plan has been 
adopted in the arrangement of the names, and where there happen to 
be two or more persons of the same name they are placed in 
chronological order of birth. This method of dealing with the names, 
of course, renders an index quite unnecessary. 

No trouble has been spared to make the notes to the biographical 
sketches as complete as possible, so that readers who desire fuller 
information in regard to any particular name may know exactly 
it is to be found. 

As a general rule, the poets, literati, and musicians of Wales are 
best known by their pen names. In this work, however, they are 
entered under their proper names, but, in order that they may be 
easily traced, cross references are given, thus : — 

Carnhuanawc, see Price, Thomas. 
Gwilym Hiraethog, see Rees, "William. 
Islwyn, see Thomas, William. 

As already indicated, this volume covers the period from 1700 to 
1900 ; it also contains brief sketches of Welshmen of eminence who 
have died since the latter date. Ai-rangements have been made to 
publish a second volume dealing with the period prior to 1700. 



Agric. Survey 
Ap Vychan 
Arch. Camb. 

B. Cerddorion Cymreig 
Book of Days 

Border Counties' Worthies 
British Physicians 

C. & D. Herald 
Cam. Reg. 

Cam. Q. Magazine 
Cardiff Catalogue 

Ceinion Lien. Gr. 
Congreg. Year Book 
Contemporary Portraits 

Cycle, of Names 

Cymanfaoedd Lerpwl 

Cyfansoddiadau Sarn 

Cymru, O. J. 

Cjonry Minnesota 
Diet. Em. W. 

Diet. Nat. Biog. 
Diet, of Music 
Distinguished Americans 

Encyclo. Brit. 
Enwog. C. 
Enwog. Men 
Enwog. y Ffydd 
Enwogion Meirion 


Davies' Agricultural Survey of North Wales. 
Gwaith Ap Vychan, 0. M. Edwards. 
ArchiBologia Cambrensis. 

Bywgraffiaeth Cerddorion Cymreig, M. 0. Jones. 
Chambers' Book of Days. 

Border Counties' Worthies, E. G. Salisbury (1880) 
Lives of British Physicians (1830). 
Bye-Gones relating to Wales and the Border- 
Counties (Oswestry). 
Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald. 
The Cambrian Register. 
The Cambrian Quarterly Magazine. 
Catalogue of Welsh Department, CardifiE Free 

Ceinion Llenyddiaeth Gymreig. 
The Congregational Year Book. 
Contemporary Portraits and Biographies (Cardiff 

The Century Cyclopsdia of Names (London : The 

Times Office). 
Hanes Cymanfaoedd Annibynwyr Lerpwl, Rev. 

T. Eli Evans (1902). 
Cyfansoddiadau Buddugol Eisteddfod Sarn Meill- 

teyrn, 1883. 
Cymru, edited by 0. M. Edwards. 
Cymru, yn Hanesyddol, Parthedegol, a Byw- 

graphyddol, y Parch Owen Jones. 
Hanes Cymry Minnesota, &c. (Utica, 1905). 
Dictionary of Eminent Welshman, Rev. Robert 

Dictionary of National Biography. 
Dictionary of Mu ic and Musicians (Grove). 
National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished 

Encyclopaedia Britannica. 
Enwogion Cymru (Foulkes). 

Enwogion Mon, Rev. R. Parry (Gwalchmai) (1877). 
Enwogion y Ffydd. 
Traethawd ar Enwogion Swydd Feirion, Edward 

Davies (lolo Meirion). 
Geiriadur Bywgraphyddol, Rev. Josiah T. Jonea, 



Gent. Mag. 

Great Preachers, &c. 

Handbook English Lit. 
Handbook to Swansea 

Hanes Crefydd, &c. 
Hanes Emynwyr 
Hanes Lien, G. 
Hanes y Bedyddwyr 

Herefordshire Biog. 

Historical Handbook 

Imp. Diet. Biog. 

Jones' Brecknockshiie 
Judges of England 
L. Echo 
Leaves from the History, &c. 

Lewis' Top. Diet. 

Life, &c. of Dean Stanley 

Life of Howell Harris 


Lien, fy Ngwlad 
Llyfr Gwybodaeth, &c. 

Llyfr y Jubili. 
Llyfrydd. y Cymry 
M. Guardian 
Men of Invention, &c. 
Minutes of Conference 

Mont. Worthies 

Musical History 
Nodweddiad y Cymry 

Noncon. Memorial 

Notable W. Musicians 
Notices of Flint 

Cyfansoddiadau Barddonol, &c., leuan Glan 

The Gentleman's Magazine. 
The Great Preachers of 'Wales, Rev. Owen Jones, 

The Handbook of English Literature, Dr. Angus. 
The Official Guide and Handbook to Swansea and 

District (Gamwell, 1880). 
Hanes Crefydd yn Nghymru. 
Hanes Emynwyr Cjmiru, Rev. W. A. Griffiths. 
Hanes Llenyddiaeth Gymreig, Charles Ashton. 
Hanes y BedyddwjT, Rev. Joshua Thomas 

(Carmarthen : J. Ross, 1778). 
The Harmsworth Encyclopaedia- 
Herefordshire Biographies, John Hutchinson 

(Hereford, 1890). 
Historical Handbook of the Presbyterian Church 

of Wales, Rev. Edward Griffiths. 
The Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography 

History of Brecknockshire, Theophilus Jones. 
Lives of the Judges of England, Foss. 
The Liverpool Echo. 
Leaves from the History of Welsh Nonconformity 

in the 17th Century. 
Lewis' Topogi-aphical Dictionary of Wales. 
The Life and Correspondence of Dean Stanley 

The Life of Howell Harris, Rev. Hugh J. Hughes 


Lippincott's Dictionary of Biography, edited by 

Joseph Thomas, M.D., LL.D. (Philadelphia, 


Llenyddiaeth fy Ngwlad, T. M. Jones (Gwenallt). 

Llyfr Gwybodaeth GyfEredinol (Carnarvon : Hugh 

Llyfr y Jubili, Rev. T. Phillips (1854). 
Llyfi-yddiaeth y Cymrj', Wm. Rowlands. 
The Manchester Guardian. 

Men of Invention and Industry, Samuel Smiles. 
Minutes of Conference (Wesleyan Methodist Book 

Montgomeryshii-e Worthies, Richard Williams, 

F.R.Hist.S., 2nd edn. 
Musical History, by Sir George Macfarren. 
Traethawd Gwobrwyol ar Nodweddiad y Cymry 
fel Cenedl, Rev. William Jones (Carnarvon : 
W. Potter & Co.). 
Samuel Palmer's Continuation of Calamy's Non- 
conformists' Memorial. 
Griffiths' Notable Welsh Musicians. 
Historic Notices of Flint, Henry Taylor. 

Observer and Express 

Old Wales 

P. C. Collections 

Poole's Brecknockshire 

Private Information 

Recollections, &o. 
Rees' History 

Sunday Schools, &c. 
The Age of Steel 
The Cambrian 

The Monthly Treasury 

The Red Dragon 
The Welsh Judges 

Wales and its People 
Welsh Lyrics 

Welsh Poets, &c. 

Welshmen as Factors, &c. 

Welshmen as Factors 

(W. R. Evans) 
Western Mail 

Y Cerddor 

Y Cymro 

Y Gestiana 

Y Gwyddoniadur 

Y Lienor (O.M.E.) 

The North Wales Observer and Express, 

Old Wales, edited by W. R. Williams. 
Powysland Club Collections. 
The Illustrated History and Biography of 

Brecknockshire, by Edwin Poole (1888). 
Inquiries from relatives or friends, search of 

parish registers, gravestones, &c. 
Recollections of Bangor Cathedral (1904). 
Rees' History of Protestant Nonconformity in 

The Sunday Schools of Wales, Rev. D. Evans, M. A 
The Creators of the Age of Steel, Jeans. 
The Cambrian, a monthly magazine (Utica, New 

The Monthly Treasury of the English Calvinistic 

Methodists of Wales. 
The Red Dragon (C. Wilkins, Cardife). 
The History of the great Sessions in Wales, 

together with the Lives of the Welsh Judges, 

&c., W. R. Williams (18'.)9). 
Cymru a'i Phobl (Utica, New York, 1894). 
Welsh Lyrics of the Nineteenth Century, Rev. 

Edmund 0. Jones (Bangor : Jarvis & Foster, 

Welsh Poets of To-day and Yesterday, Rev. 

Edmund O. Jones (Bangor : Jarvis & Foster, 

Welshmen as Factors in the Formation and 

Development of the United States Republic, 

Edwards (Utica, 1899). 
The like, by the Rev. W. R. Evans (Utica, 1894). 

The Western Mail, CardifP. 

Y Cerddor (Wrexham : Hughes & Son). 

Y Cymro (Liverpool : Isaac Foulkes). 

Hanes Tre'r Gest (Tremadoc : Robert Isaac Jones), 

Y Gwyddoniadur Cymreig (Denbigh : Thos. Gee). 

Y Lienor, edited by 0. M. Edwards, 1895 et seq. 


A Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen 


A Welsh Freeholder, see Jones, David. 
Ab Geraint, see Phillips, John Rowland. 
Ab loan, see Williams, John. 
Ab Ithel, see Williams, John. 
Aberdare, Lord, see Bruce, Henry Austin. 

Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1S86, an American diplomatist 
of Welsh descent, was the son of John Quincy Adams (1767-1848, see 
post), and was born in Boston, U.S.A. He passed his childhood mostly 
in St. Petersburg and London ; graduated at Harvard College in 182.5 ; 
studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1828. He served for five 
years in the legislature of Massachusetts. He was nominated at Buffalo, 
in 184:8, for the office of vice-president by the convention of Free- 
Soilers, which nominated Martin Van Buren for the presidency. He 
published "The Life and Works of John Adams" (10 vols., 1850-56). 
In 1858 he was elected to Congress as a Republican by the voters of 
the third division of Massachusetts. He was re-elected in 1860, and 
appointed Minister to England in the spring of 1861. •' No ambassador 
in recent times," says the London Spectator, " has ever had to fill a 
position, not merely so delicate and difficult, but so trying to the 
equanimity of him who held it through the rapid and extreme 
changes of fortune in the State of which he has been the mouth- 
piece." He was an arbitrator in the Alabama Claims tribunal of 
1871-72. (Welshmen as Factors, &c.; L/ppincott; Imp. Diet. Blog.) 

Adams, Charles Francis (Jr.), 1835- , an American 
statesman, a son of Charles Francis Adams (1807-1886, see ante), was 
born at Boston, U.S.A. He was admitted to the bar in 1858 ; served 
throughout the war of 1861-65, becoming a colonel of negro cavalry ; 
served 1869-70 as a railroad commissioner of Massachusetts ; was from 
1879 to 1882 one of the board of arbitrators of the railroads of the 
Northern States, appointed to settle disputes, and in 1882 became sole 
arbitrator. His Phi Beta Kappa address of 1883 (afterwards re-issued 
as "A College Fetich "), a sharp criticism on the American system of 
higher education, provoked much discussion. He also published 
"Chapters of Erie" (1871), &c. In 1884 he was elected president of the 
Union Pacific Railway and its subsidiary lines. He became president 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1895. {Lippincott.) 


Adams, Isaac, 1802-1883, of Boston, U.S.A., inventor of the 

Adams power printing-press, was of Welsh descent. His press was 
introduced in 1830, and came into almo4 universal use ; but it has 
now been largely superseded by later inventions. {Welshmen as 
Factors, dc ; Lippincott.) 

Adams, John, 1735-182G, an eminent American statesman, the 
second President of the United States, was of Welsh descent, and was 
born at Braiutree, Massachusetts. He graduated at Harvard College 
in 1755, and three years later was admitted to the bar. He soon 
became distinguished as one of the most prominent and intrepid 
advocates of the popular cause. He was one of the five delegates sent 
by Massachusetts to the first continental Congress, which met at 
Philadelphia in 1774. In Congress he found a fitting arena for the 
exercise of those great talents, both for business and debate, which 
ultimately raised him to the leadership of that body. When, in 1789, 
Washington was made President of the United States, Adams became 
Vice-President, and in 1796 he was elected President. He retired 
from public life in 1801. {Welshmen as Factors, Ax. ; Lippincott; 
Imp. Diet. Biog.) See also The Life and Works of John Adams, 
edited by his grandson, Charles Francis Adams, 10 vols, octavo, 
1850-56 ; Bancroft's History of the United States ; Hilderth's History 
of the United States ; Quarterly Review for December, ISll ; Neiv 
York Review for January, 1842 ; North American Review for 
October, 1850 ; Jared Sparks' Diplomatic Corresjwndence of the 
American Revolution ; Males, vol. 1, p. 28 2. 

Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848, an American statesman, 
orator, and diplomatist, the sixth President of the United States, was 
the eldest sou of President John Adams (1735-1826, see ante), and 
was born at Braintree, Massachusetts. He studied law with the 
celebrated Theophilus Parsons, of Newburyport ; was admitted to the 
bar in 1790, and began to practice in Boston. In 1791 he published 
in the Boston Centinel, under the signature of " Publicola," a series of 
able essays, in which he exposed the fallacies and vagaries of the 
French political reformers. These papers attracted much attention in 
Europe as well as in the United States. He was elected a senator of 
the United States by the Federalists of Massachusetts, for the term 
beginning March, 1803. Two years later he was appointed professor of 
rhetoric and belles-lettres at Harvard College, and his lectures were 
published in 1810. In the same year he was appointed minister to 
Russia, remaining there till 1815, when he was sent in the same 
capacity to London. In 1825 he was honoured with the Presidency 
of the United States, but held that dignity only one term of four 
years. From 1829 he continued a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives till his death. {Welshmen as Factors, etc.; Diet. Nat. 
Biog.; Lippincott.) See also William H. Seward's Life of John 
Quincy Adams (1849) ; Josiah Quincy's Memoir of the Life of John 
Quincy Adams (1858). 

Adams, Samuel, 1722-1803, one of the leaders in the American 
Revolution, was of Welsh descent. He was born at Boston, U.S.A., 


and educated at Harvard College. When graduating he took for his 
theme the question, " Whether it be lawful to resist the supreme 
magistrate if the Commonwealth cannot otherwise be preserved ? " 
He hell] the affirmative, and so struck the key-note of "the anthem 
of the free," sung and discoursed by Jefferson. In 1766 he was 
elected a member of the State Legislature of Massachusetts, and, in 
1774, was sent to "the first Congress of the Old Confederation." It 
was said of him, " He was born for the Revolutionary epoch." In 
1789 he was appointed lieutenant-governor, and, in 1794, governor of 
his native state, retiring from public life three years later. Though of 
a diminutive stature, his aspect was dignified and engaging. He lived 
all his days in honoured poverty, revered for his public and private 
virtues. ( Welshmen as Factors, &c. ; Lippincott ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) 
See also Life and Public Services of Samuel Adams, by William V. 
Wells, Boston (1865) ; Encijclopcedia Americana ; Goodrich's Lives 
of the Signers to the Declaration of Didependence ; Wales, vol. 1, 
p. 282. 

Adams, "William, 1807-1880, an American Presbyterian divine, 
born at Colchester, Connecticut, U.S.A., was of Welsh descent. He 
graduated at Phillips' Academy, Andover, where his father, 
John Adams, was principal, and at Yale College in 1827. 
He was for many years the pastor of churches in New York 
City, winning great fame as a pulpit orator. In 1873 he became 
president and professor of sacred rhetoric in the Union Theological 
Seminary, New York. He published several religious books, and 
many sermons, lectures, &c. He rendered excellent service in con- 
nection with the re-union of the Presbyterian churches in America, 
advocating it in a never-to-be-forgotten speech delivered before the 
Assembly of 1869. {Welshmen as Factors, Ac.; Lij}pincott.) 

Ala"W Ddu, see Rees, William Thomas, 

Alaw Elwy, see Roberts, John. 

Alawydd, see Roberts, David. 

Alfardd, see Hughes, John James. 

Allen, Ethan, 1712-1789, an officer of the American Revolutionary 
War, born at Lichfield, Connecticut, U.S.A., was of Welsh descent. He 
settled, when young, in Vermont, and became the leader of the famous 
"Green Mountain Boys." On the tenth May, 1775, at the head of only 
eighty-three men, he took the forts Ticonderoga and Ci'own Point. In 
September of the same year, while on an expedition to take Montreal, 
he fell in with a much larger force of British troops and was taken 
prisoner. He remained in captivity about two years and a half, when 
he was exchanged for Colonel Campbell, an English officer. After his 
release he was appointed General of the State Militia. Besides a 
narrative of his captivity, and some writings of a political character, 
he wrote a work entitled " Reason the Only Oracle of Man," in which 
he advocated pure Deism. ( Welshmen as Factors, dx., W. R. Evans ; 
Wales and its People ; Lippincott.) See Ethan Allen and tlie Green 
Mountain Heroes of '76, by H. W. DePuy; Life of Ethan Allen in 


Sparks' American Biography ; Hugh Moore's Memoir of Colonel E. 
Allen, 1834. 

Allen, Evan Owen, 1805-1852, a poet, was born at Pantyllin, 
Llanrwst, Denbighshire, his father being a farmer in a good position. 
He was an excellent prose writer, and was a frequent contributor to 
the old Seren Qomer and other magazines. He left behind him a good 
deal of poetry, of a high order, in manuscript. He died at Ruthin, and 
was buried at Llanfwrog, in the burial ground attached to the Baptist 
chapel. {Enwog. C.) 

Alltud Eifion, see Jones, Robert Isaac. 

Alun, see Blackwell, John. 

Ambrose, William, "Emrys", 1813-1873, a Congregational 
minister and poet, was born at Bangor, and was educated at the 
Grammar School there. In 1828 he was apprenticed to a draper in 
Liverpool, and soon afterwards he commenced to preach with the 
Welsh Congregationalists. In 183G he settled down as minister at 
Portmadoc, where he remained till his death. He was a staunch 
supporter of the Eisteddfod, where he scored many notable successes. 
His chief poem is an ode on " The Creation," the chair subject at the 
Aberffraw Eisteddfod in 1849, and by common consent he fully 
deserved the prize, but it was awarded to another. He was a very 
popular preacher, and his poetry is remarkable for beauty of thought 
and language. He also composed several excellent hymns. His 
numerous articles in the Dysgedydd, of which he was one of the editors 
for nearly twenty years, are among the most readable compositions in 
the Welsh language. As a citizen, a literary character, and a minister of 
the Gospel, he was respected and honoured by rich and poor. {Bees' 
Hisi.) See Hanes Lien. G. ; Y Geninen, 1888, p. 240 ; Congregational 
Year Book, 1874; Oiveithiau Emrys, Dolgelly: W. Hughes, 1875 ; 
Cyinru, vol. 8, p. 238 : Y Traethodydd, 1903, p. 282 ; Y Geninen, 
1905, p. GO ; Cymru, vol. 28, p. 49 et seq. ; Adgof uwch Anghof, p. 270 ; 
Y Geninen, 1895, p. 130 ; Siveet Singers of Wales, p. 114 ; Y Geninen, 
Mar. 1897, p. 8. 

Ambrose, William Robert, 1832-1878, a Baptist minister 
and antiquary, was born at Galltraeth, Carnarvonshire. His father, 
the Rev. Robert Ambrose, died when the subject of this sketch was 
hardly twelve months old, but he was tenderly cared for by a pious 
mother. After a stay of some years at Bangor, Carnarvon, Liverpool, 
and Portmadoc respectively, he settled at Talysarn, near Carnarvon, 
taking the oversight of the cause in that place, which greatly increased 
under his ministrations. His mind revelled in the field oE antiquarian 
research. He gained a prize at the Bangor National Eisteddfod of 
1874 for an essay on " The old Castles and Fortresses of Carnarvon- 
shire," and at various times won several prizes for essays on similar 
subjects. {Baptist Handbook, 1881.) 

Andreas O Fon, see Brereton, A. J. 

Anthony Lewis, 1832-1898, a musician, was born at Cwmaman, 
Carmarthenshire, ;ind from his youth was connected with the Welsh 


Congregational Church, both in his native town and at the large Ebenezer 
Congregational Church at Swansea, where he was choirmaster for a 
long term of years. In 1867 he emigrated to America, where 
he took a prominent part in musical circles. For some time he 
carried on business at Wilkesbarre, where he formed a choir which, 
under his baton became one of the best church choirs in Wyoming 
Valley. A few days before his death he was presented witli a public 
testimonial in recognition of his services to music. (B. Cerddorioti 

Anwyl, Edward, 1786-1857, a prominent Welsh Wesleyan 
minister, was a native of Llanegryn, Merionethshire, and received a 
liberal education. He preached his first sermon in 1808, and soon 
afterwards became an ordained minister. He proved an indefatigable 
worker, and it is recorded of him that on a certain Sunday he walked 
72 miles, and preached three sermons. He was a great reader, had a 
marvellous memory, and rendered his denomination valuable service 
in connection with the formation and building up of churches in 
various parts of the Principality. {Enwog. C.) See T Geninen, 
March, 1901, p. 18. 

Anwyl, Lewis, -1776, a clergyman and author, was 

preferred to the living of Yspytty Ifan, Denbighshire, and, in 1742, 
became vicar of Abergele, where he died. He translated a work by 
Bishop Synge on the Church of England Catechism, and wrote : — 
" Y Nefol Ganllaw, neu yr uniawn ffordd i fynwes Abraham " ; 
" Myf yrdodau Wythnosol " ; " Cynghor yr Athraw i Rieni yn nghylch 
dwyn eu plant i fyny." {Enwog. C. ; Llyfrydd. y Cymry). See 
Hemes Lien. G. ; Cardiff Catalogue. 

Anwyl, Robert, 1779-1831, a soldier, was a native of Mer- 
ioneth, his seat being Fron, near Bala. He joined the army at an 
early age, and saw much active service, — at Walcheren in 1809 ; 
Gibraltar in 1810 ; Torres Vedras in 1811 ; the battle of Salamanca, 
where he was wounded, his horse being killed under him ; Vittoria, 
&c. In 1827, he was placed in command of the 95th regiment, and 
was specially rewarded for his bravery at St. Sebastian. He died 
in the Isle of Wight. (Enwogion Meirion). 

Ap Ffarmwr, see Jones, John Owen. 

Ap P. A. Mon, see Jones, John William 

Ap Vychan, see Thomas, Robert. 

Apperley, Charles James, 1779-1843, noted as a fox- 
hunter and writer on sporting subjects, under the pseudonym of 
"Nimrod," was born at Plasgrouow, in Denbighshire. In 1790 he 
was entered at Rugby, and eight years later was gazetted a cornet in 
Sir Watkyn Wynn's ancient Light British Dragoons, with which he 
served in the suppression of the Irish rebellion. Besides many 
articles for sporting journals, he wrote : — " Remarks on the Condition 
of Hunters, the Choice of Horses, and their management," (1831); 
" Nimrod's Hunting Tours," (1835) ; and "The Chase, the Turf, and 
the Road," (1S37). The last appeared in the Quarterly Review, (1827). 


He also published " Memoirs of the Life of John Mytton," (1837) ; 
" Nimrod Abroad," (1842) ; " The Life of a Sportsman," (1842), of 
which an edition was published, with a biography of the author, in 
1874, and " Hunting Reminiscenses " (1843). (Lippincott: Harms- 
worth), iiee Diet., Nat. Biog. : Gentleman's Magazine, 1843, vol. 2, 
p. 103 ; Baily's Magazine, 1870, vol. 1, p. 253 ; Fraser's Magazine, 
1843, vol. 2 ; Malefs Annals of the Road, 187G, p. 177 et seq. ; 
Laiuleifs Life of the Druid. 

Arfonwyson, see Thomas, John Wm. 

Asaph Glan Taf, see Beynon, Rosser. 

Ashton, Charles, 1848-1891}, known as "The Welsh Literary 
Policeman," was born at Trefeglwys, in Montgomeryshire. After 
working in the lead mines, and as a railway porter, he joined the 
Merionethshire Constabulary in 18G'.>, retiring in 181I4. Stationed for 
the most part in country districts, he was able to combine with the 
prosaic duties of a rural policeman the habits of a student, and all his 
leisure was devoted to the study of Welsh literature and history, and 
to research among M.S.S. and ancient records. He was a voluminous 
writer, and, in 18'.I5, his labours were recognised by a grant of £100 
from the Royal Bounty Fund. His principal works are his " History 
of Welsh Literature from 1650 to 1850"; "The Life and Times of 
Bishop Morgan " ; and a collection of the works of lolo Goch, all in 
Welsh. At the time of his death he was engaged upon a Welsh 
Bibliography of the nineteenth century, which is to be published by 
the National Eisteddfod Association. {Young Wales, 189'.t, p. 237). 
See Bye-Gone^, 1899, p. 227 ; Gymru, vol. 17, p. 242 ; Y Geninen, 
1901, p. 187 ; ibid, 1900, p. 103 et seq, and Mch., p. 9. 

Ashton John, 1830- , was born at Llanwnog, in Montgomery- 
shire, and commenced life as a shoemaker, but afterwards joined the 
police force. In 1874, he emigrated to New Zealand. He was an 
excellent musician, and composed several tunes, many of which — 
Trefeglwys, Llanbrynmair, Llawryglyn, Glautrefnant, Llanfyllin, and 
others, are included in various hymnals. He won a number of 
eisteddfodic prizes for musical compositions. (B. Gerddorion 

Aubrey, John, 1625-1700, an antiquary, was born at Easton 
Pierse, in Wiltshire, and was a descendant of the Aubreys of 
Llanfrynach, Brecknockshire. He completed his education at Trinity 
College, Oxford. He was one of the earliest members of the Royal 
Society, being elected in 1662. He assisted Dugdale in his compilation 
of the " Monasticon Anglicunum," and in 1649 drew attention to the 
megalithic remains at Avebury, of which, in 1663, he wrote an account 
by command of Charles II. After 1670 he worked on antiquarian 
subjects along with Hobbes and Ashmole. His " Miscellanies upon 
Day Fatality, Omens, Dreams, Knockings, Corps-Candles in Wales, 
etc.," is a complete storehouse of quaint anecdotes with reference 
to supernatural subjects. This work was first published in 1696, and 
figain in 1721 and 1784. His "Minutes of Lives," given by him to 
Anthony a Wood, and printed iu " Letters by Eminent Persons," (1813), 


show him as a kind of " immature Boswell." His antiquarian 
researches in Surrey -were published in 5 vols, by Rawlinson (1718-19) ; 
and a similar collection for Wilts was privately printed by Sir T. 
Phillips in 1821. The Ashmolean Museum at Oxford contains much 
unpublished MSS. of his. A good "Life of Aubrey," by J. Britton was 
published in 184."). {Poole's Brecknocks)dre ; Harmsworth ; Llyfrydd. 
y Cymry). See his Biography by J. Britton (London, 1845) ; British 
Quarterly Revieiv, vol. 24. 

Awbrey, Sir John, Bart., 1650 - 1700, second baronet, 
Member of Parliament, was the son of Sir John Awbrey, of Llaii- 
trythydd, Glamorganshire. He matriculated at Jesus College, Oxford, 
in 16C)8, and represented Brackley in Parliament from 1698, till his 
death in Sept., 1700. (Foster's Alumni Oxoniensis, 1500-1714, p. 44)_ 

A-wbrey, Sir John, Bart., - 1826, was a native of Glamor- 

ganshire, and for some time represented the county of Buckingham in 
Parliament. He was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty in 1782, 
and Chancellor of the Exchequer in the following year. At the date 
of his death he was regarded as the "father" of the House of 
Commons. {Enwog. C.) 

Aubrey, Thomas, 1808-1867. a celebrated Weslej-an preacher, 
was born near Merthyr Tydfil, and commenced preaching when he was 
but 16 years of age, Two years later he was recommended for the 
ministry as " a young man of more than ordinary ministerial abilities." 
He soon took a prominent place among the preachers of Wales. From 
1854, he was chairman of the North Wales district for eleven years ; 
during his term of office he established a Loan Fund for the relief of 
the heavy debts resting on most of the chapels of the denomination. 
He was truly a great man, a mighty preacher, a faithful, wise, and 
loving pastor. But what distinguished him most, in his public 
character, was the remarkable gift of eloquence he possessed. That 
eloquence was sometimes calm and subdued, at other times vehement 
and elevated. His sermons were prepared with care, but delivered 
with freedom. He published a small volume on Baptism, and con- 
tributed several articles to Welsh periodicals. (i?e."s' Hist.) See 
Cofiant T. Aubrey, by the Rev. Saml. Davies, 1887 ; Y Geninen, 1894, 
p. 80 ; Trans. Nat. Eist., Liverpool, 1884, p. 603 ; Yr Eurgraivn 
Wesleyaidd, April and May, 1831 ; Y Geninen, 1901, p. 151 ; ibid 
Mch. 1895, p. 53. 

Baddy, Thomas, -1729, an author, was a native of North 

Wales, but of what part is uncertain. He was an accomplished scholar, 
and settled as pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Denbigh about 1693, 
remaining there till his death. He was possessed of some property, 
and Dr. Charles Owen describes him as "a very humble and industrious 
minister." He wrote several hymns, and published a metrical version 
of Solomon's Song, with explanatory notes. He also translated into 
Welsh, Doolittle's work on the " Lord's Supper," and Wadsworth on 
" Self-examination." {Bees' Hist.), see Enwog. C; Llyfrydd. y Cymry; 
Hanes Lien. G. ; Y Traethodydd, 1869, p. 454. 

Bardd Alaw, see Pany, John. 


Bardd Du Mon, see Williamson, Robert. 

Bardd Einion, see Morris, David. 

Bardd Nantglyn, see Davies, Robert. 

Bardd y Brenin, see Jones, Edward. 

Barker, Thomas, 17G9-1847, a painter of landscapes and 
historical subjects, was born at Pontypool, Monmouthshire. He spent 
the greater part of his life at Bath, and is frequently called " Barker of 
Bath." He began his career by copying the Flemish and Dutch 
masters, especially Rembrandt and Ruysdael, and having acquired 
sufficient proficiency, executed feveral pictures of great merit. His 
best known paintings are " The Woodman " (engraved by Bartolozzi), 
and " Old Tom," and his huge fresco, " The Inroad of the Turks upon 
Scio." He amassed a considerable fortune by the practice of his art, 
and expended a large sum in the erection of a house at Bath, upon the 
walls of which he painted the fresco before referred to. He exhibited 
frequently ;it the British Institution from 1S07 until the year of his 
death. {Cyclo. of Names; Imp. Diet. Biog. ; Harmsivorth). See 
Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Art Unioti, 1848, p. 51 ; Catalogue of Pictures in 
the National Gallery, British and Modern Schools, 1884 ; Catalogue 
of the National Gallery of British Art at South Kensington, 1884. 

Barker, Thomas Jones, 1815-1882, a painter, was the son of 
Thomas Barker (1769-1847, see ante). His early art education he 
received from his father, but in 1834 he went to Paris, and there 
became a pupil of Horace Vernet, in whose studio he remained for 
several years. His works include " The Meeting of Wellington and 
Bliicher," " Nelson on Board the San Josef," and other military 
pictures. (Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Harmstuorth.) See Times, 29th March, 
1882; Meyer's Allgemeines Kiinstler - Lexikon, 1872, vol. 3, p. 22; 
Royal Academy Exhibition Catalogues, 1845-76. 

Bassett, Christopher, 1753-1784, was a native of Penpark, 
Glamorganshire. He was trained for holy orders, and took his degree 
of M.A. at Jesus College, Oxford. His first curacy was at St. Anne's, 
Blackfriars, London, and he soon attracted attention as a brilliant 
preacher. He afterwards became curate of St. Pagan's, near Cardiff, 
and while there he came into contact with the Calvinistic Methodists, 
whom he supported and encouraged in every possible way. He 
frequently preached in Nonconformist chapels in various parts of 
Wales, but when at the height of his popularity and usefulness he 
died of consumption at the early age of 31. {Enwog. C). See his 
Elegy, by W. Williams, 1784. 

Baugh, Robert, abt. 1748-1832, an engraver, was born at 
Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire. He was a musician of considerable 
merit, but is best known as an engraver. Among other instances of 
his ability and skill as an engraver may be mentioned the large Map of 
North Wales, published in 1795, by his friend and neighbour, John 
Evans, of Llwynygroes (1723-1795, see joosi). In 1809 the Society of 
Arts awarded to Mr. Baugh their silver medal and fifteen guineas in 


money for a map of Shropshire. He acted for many years as parish 
clerk of Llanymynech. [B. Cerddorion Cymreig ; Mont. Worthies). 

Baxter, George Robert Wythen, 1S15-1854, an author, 
■was born at Hereford. He was the only son of George Frohnan 
Baxter, Esq., and was a member of an old family long settled in the 
neighbourhood of Newtown, Montgomeryshire, and claimed among 
his ancestry the celebrated Nonconformist divine, William Baxter (see 
post). He was the author of the " The Book of the Bastiles," an attack 
upon the Poor Law, the " Bastiles " being the workhouses ; " Honour 
and Pathos," and several other works. He died on the 17th of 
January, 1.S54, in the thirty-ninth year of his age, and a handsome 
marble tablet was erected to his memory by his mother, in Llanael- 
haiarn Church. {Mant. Worthies). 

Baxter, WilHam, 1650-1723, philological writer and antiquary, 
nephew and heir of the celebrated nonconformist divine, Richard 
Baxter, was born at Llanllugan, Montgomeryshire. When 18 years of 
age he was sent to school at Harrow. At that time, according to his 
own account, he knew not one letter in a book, nor understood a word 
of any language but Welsh. At Harrow he made rapid progress, and 
subsequently devoted himself chiefly to the study of philology and 
antiquities. In 1079 he published a grammar entitled " De Analogia, 
sen Arte Latinas Lingua; Commentariolus," and in 16S'5 appeared his 
new and corrected edition of Anacreon, with notes. In 1701 he 
published an edition of Horace, and in 1719 a curious and learned 
Dictionary of British Antiquities. His " Glossary of Roman Anti- 
quities " was published in 1726. He was an able critic in Welsh and 
Irish, and in the North -rn and Eastern languages, as well as in Latin 
and Greek. For most of his life he wt;s engaged in the tuition of 
youth, and for over 20 years acted as master of Mercers' School in 
London, a post which he resigned shortly before his death, which took 
place in May, 1723. (Diet. Em. W.) See Nichols' Anecdotes, vol. 1, 
p. 163-5 ; Mimtldy Review, N.S., vol. 25 ; Richard Baxter's Life ; 
Biogiuyhia Britannica ; Reliquioe Baxteriance, edited by Moses 
Williams, 1726 ; Mont. Worthies. 

Beau Nash, see Nash, Richard. 

Bennett, Nicholas, 1823-1899, an antiquary, a thoroughly 
patriotic Welshman, belonged to a family which had been settled in 
the neighbourhood of Montgomeryshire for more than three centuries. 
In the reign of James I. a Nicholas Bennett was mayor of Caersws. 
Mr. Bennett converted his home at Glanyrafon, Trefeglwys, into a 
miniature Welsh national museum, one of the most valued contents of 
which was a manuscript volume descriptive of the heraldic arms of the 
Welsh princes, illustrated with blazonments made by Mr. Bennett's 
nephew, Mr. Breese Bennett Owen. He did good work in the 
collection of Welsh MSS. and objects illustrative of Welsh history, but 
his favourite pursuit was the collection of folk songs and heraldic lore, 
which resulted in the publication of two fine folio volumes, entitled 
" Alawon fy Ngwlad " (The Lays of my Land). The work contains 
biographical sketches and portraits of famous Welsh harpists and 


pennillion singers by D. Emlyn Evans (Newtown : 1896). (Bye-Gimes, 
1899, p. 191 ; Cardiff' Catalogue). See Ceinion Lien. Q., vol. 2, p. 271 ; 
Y Gcninen, 1900, Mch., p. 45. 

Bevan, Hopkin, 1765-1839, a popular preacher with the 
Calvinistic Methodists, was a native of Llangyfelach, Glamorganshire. 
He commenced to preach in 1792, and was one of the earliest ordained 
ministers of the connexion. He wrote a history of the progress of 
Methodism in the district in which he laboured (1838). {Enwug. (7). 
See Ci/mru, vol. 17, p. 19. 

Bevan, Madame, d. abt. 1781, whose maiden name was 
Bridget Vaughan, was born near Carmarthen. In her early days 
she was in the habit of attending the services conducted by the Rev. 
Griffith Jones, of Llanddowror, and afterwards took a prominent part 
in furthering the interests of education and religion. Through her 
marriage with Arthur Bevan, Esq., of Laugharne. she btcame exceed- 
ingly wealthy, and assisted the Rev. Griffith Jones liberally with 
funds for the establishment of his circulating schools. After the 
death of that eminent man, she continued to maintain these schools at 
her own expense. {G.B. ; The Sunday Scliouls of Wales). See 
Charity Schools, T. Burgess, 1809 ; Griffith Jones, by T. Levi, 1884. 

Bevan, Thomas, 1795-1819, one of the first two Protestant 
missionaries to Madagascar, wbs born at Neuaddlwyd, Cardiganshire. 
He and David Jones, his co-missionary, who was also a native of the 
same district, sailed from England at the end of 1817, and reached 
the Mauritius in the following spring. Soon afterwards David 
Jones' wife and child died, and that missionary himself became 
seriously ill. This so affected Bevan that he died, after an illness of 
three days only, at the very threshold of a most promising career. 
{Enujog. G.) 

Bevan, Thomas, 1802-1882, -'Caradawc y Fenni," was born 
near Talybont, Breconshire, and afterwards settled at Abergavenny. 
In 1833 he was instrumental in forming the Abergavenny Cym- 
reigyddion Society, which was the means of inaugurating a most 
successful series of Eisteddfodau in that town. At one of those 
gatherings — 1835 — he won the prize oft'ered for a Welsh essay on the 
" History of Gwent under Roman rule." During the last 30 or 40 
years of his life he spent much of his time in collecting photographs 
and autographs of all the literati of Wales, and of those born in Wales. 
This work involved considerable trouble and expense, and he left it in 
a fairly complete state. The volume contained many hundreds of 
photographs of distinguished persons throughout the Principality, and 
in numerous cases their autographs also. {The Red Dragon). 

Beynon, Rosser, 1811-1876, "Asaph Glan Taf," a musician, 
was a native of Neath, Glamorganshire. He was almost entirely 
self-taught, his parents being in poor circumstances. He composed 
a number of tunes, and in 1848 he published a congregational tune 
book — " Telyn Seion " — containing 130 tunes and 22 anthems, &c., 
20 of the former being his own composition. He was very successful 

, >^t 


Edwakd Biieese, F.S.A. (l.s35-lssn. 

SiK EnWAKIl Cdl.KY BuKNK-JciNES (1,S33- 


as a choir conductor, and was one of the most prominent musical 
adjudicators of the day. {B. Cerddurion Cymreig). 

Beynon, Thomas, 1744-183:?, a clergyman, was born in 
Carmarthenshire. He received a liberal education, and graduated 
M.A. He held several livings at the same time, namely — Llanfihangel 
Aborbythych ; Llanfihangel Cilfargen ; Llanddeusaint, and Penboyr. 
He did much to extend the influence of the Church of England in 
the diocese of St. David's, and, being possessed of private means, he 
devoted nearly the whole of his stipend to ecclesiastical purposes, 
and contributed one thousand pounds towards the building fund of 
St. David's College, Lampeter. He was a warm supporter of Welsh 
literature. A prize offered at the Carmarthen Eisteddfod of 1834 
for the best elegy to his memory was won by " Gwenffrwd " (Thomas 
Lloyd Jones). {Enwog. C). 

Blackwell, John, 1797-1840, "Alun," a clergyman and poet, 
was born at Mold, in Flintshire. For some years he worked at the 
trade of a shoemaker, at the same time availing himself of every 
opportunity for improving his mind. Several Eisteddfodic successes 
brought him into notice, and, by the liberality of friends, he was 
enabled to enter Jesus College, Oxford. He became curate of 
Holywell, and was afterwards preferred to the living of Manor Deify, 
in Pembrokeshire. He contributed largely to the columns of the 
" Gwyliedydd," a periodical devoted to the interests of the Established 
Church ; and was the first editor of " Y Cylchgrawn," which he 
conducted with consummate ability. His poems and essays, which 
are of a very high order, were published in 1851, with a memoir by 
the Rev. Griffith Edwards (Gutyn Padarn) (Ruthin : Isaac Clarke). 
His translation into Welsh of Pope's " Messiah," appeared in 1825 ; 
and his " Farewell Sermon " delivered in the Parish Church of 
Holywell was published in IS.'iH (Holywell ; D. Davey). A selection 
of his poems was published by Isaac Foulkes in the " Cyfres y 
Ceinion." His "Elegy on Bishop Heber" is one of the most beautiful 
and pathetic in the Welsh language. {Diet. Em. W. ; Cyfres y 
Ceiniun ; Cardiff' Catalogue.) See Ceinion Alun; The Gwyneddon, 
(v ati Account of the Royal Denbigh Eisteddfod, p. 133 ; Y Geninen, 
1897, p. 125; Hanes Lien. G,; Y Geninen, Mch., 1901, p. 36; 
Y Cymmrudor, v. 2, p. 20 ; Y Traethodydcl, 1900, p. 282 ; Nodweddiad 
y Cymry, p. 252 ; Adgof iiivch Anghof, p. 194 ; Welsh Lyrics, p. 3 ; 
Ge7it. Mag., N.S. v. 14, p. 100 ; Cymru, vol. 23, p. 181. 

Blayney, Thomas, 1785- , a celebrated Welsh harpist, 

the third son of Arthur Blayney, of Tynycoed, in the parish of 
Llanwchhirin, Montgomeryshire, by Letitia, daughter of Mr. Owens, 
of Dalfor, in the same parish. At the Carmarthen Eisteddfod, in 
1819, after a keen contest, he was awarded the chief prize of a silver 
harp and thirty guineas for his performance on the harp. In 1829, 
he was appointed harpist to Earl Powys, which post he retained till 
his death some years later. He played at most of the Eisteddfodau 
of those days, and went about the country occasionally with the triple 


harp, on which he was an admirable player. {B. Cerddurion Cymreig -, 
Mu)it. Worthies). See Cymni, vol. HO, p. -42. 

Bleddyn, Bee Jones, William. 

Boscawen, W. H., 182.")- 1882, a clergyman, was a native of 
Fliiitsliiff. He w;t8 educated at Oxford, and ordained priest in 1848, 
and i-ventuaily Iiecame rector of Marchwiel. near Wrexham, a living 
which he lield till his death l.'t yearn later. He was one of the best 
known cler(^'ymen in the diocese of St. Asaph, and for some years 
occupied the oflice of Rural Dean. He occasionally ai)peared as a 
lecturer on general subjects, and in this capacity was ready to give his 
assistance to the literary institutions of the district. His son, Mr. St. 
Chad Boscawen, is a well-known writer on Palestine. {Bye-Oonea, 
1882, p. 1:52 ; Private Informnlion). 

Bowen, Ben, lS78-r.Mi;!, a very promising poet, was a native of 
Treorky,(ilaniorganshire. He was known a.s the younj.'eBt chaired bard 
in Wales, having won that distinction in his eighteenth year. He won 
another chair at Aberdare in IS'.tT. At that lime he worked as a 
miner, but shortly afterwards he was induced to study for the 
ministry. At the Liverpool National Kisteddfod, in I'.HK), bis poem 
secured second place in tiie competition for the crown prize. His 
health soon afterwards broke down, and after spending a year in 
South Africa, he returned to the Rhondda Valley, where he died in 
his twenty-fourth year. A volume of bin poems, with memoir, was 
published' in r.U)5 by his brother, MyOr llefiu, and the Rev. H. Elvet 
Lewis, in reviewing the work, writes : — " No one was more a child of 
the newer day in Wales than he ; no one showed more distinctly the 
genuine spirit of poetry, while as yet he was not given time to grow 
mature." {MatxchcsUr Guardian ; British Weekly). See }' Gtninen, 
Mch, 1905, p, 57 ; Yapryd yr Oes, vol. 2 (March, 1905), p. 41, with 

Bowen, John, 181.')-l.s.')8. Pishop of Sierra Leonp, the son of 
Captain Thomas Bowen, of the S5th Foot, was l>orn at Court, near 
Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, and educated at Haverfordwest. He sailed 
for Canada in April, 1S3.'), and farmed land at Danville, on the shores 
of Lake Erie, for seven years, returning to Wales in 1842. He entered 
himself at Trinity Collejje, Dublin, in 184."^, and graduated B.A- in 
1847, antl LL.B. and LL.D. ten years later. He was ordained priest in 
1847. His first curacy was at Knaresborough. in Yorkshire (1848-50), 
and in 18.")3 he was preferred to the rectory of Orton Longaeville, 
Hunts. He inherited considerable property after an uncle, and this 
enabled him to devote himself to missionary work, in connection with 
which he spent about .£8tK^ a year. L'nder the auspices of the Church 
of England Missionary Society he visited Jerusalem, Syria, Cairo, 
Mogul, Smyrna, and other centre.=. In 18.'J7 he was consecrated 
Bishop of Sierra Leone, and sailed for his diocese in November of 
that year, but the deadly climate claimed him as a victim in about 18 
mouths afterwards, and he died at Freetown, the capital of the colony, 
on 28th May, 185',\ His sister published the " Memorials of John 

RKV..T..1IN Bi.ArKWi:i.i.. "Alnn" ( 17'."7-l.>mi). 

Ben B(i-,vkn ( l.sT.s-i'.ioS). 


Bowen, compiled from his Letters and Journals," in LS62. {Enivog. 
C. ; Old Wales, vol. 1, p. 344). See Gent. Mag. 1859, p. 187-8. 

Bradford, John, 1(590-1780, " leuan Tir larll," a poet, was a 
native of Glamorganshire. He was also an antiquary of note, and it 
was he who furnished Edward Williams (" lolo Morganwg,") with the 
manuscript of " Cyfrinach y Beirdd." Lewis Morris (" Llewelyn Ddu 
o Fon,") speaks rather disparagingly of him, but his notes in " Cyf- 
rinach y Beirdd " shew that he was a thorough master of the rules of 
Welsh poetry. See "Cyfrinach y Beirdd," " Taliesin," vol. 1, p. 213 ; 
"Gwaith Llywarch Hen," by Dr. W. Owen Pughe, Ixii, Ixiii. 
(Enivug. C.) 

Breese, Ed'ward. 1835-1881, an antiquary, was the second son 
of the Rev. John Breese (1789-1842), see j'josO, and a nephew of Mr. 
David Williams, M.P. (1800-18G9, see post). He was born at Carmar- 
then, where his father ministered before leaving for Liverpool. He 
completed his education at Lewisham College, and was articled as a 
solicitor in his uncle's office at Portmadoc, afterwards succeeding to 
his practice. He was appointed clerk of the peace for the county of 
Merioneth. He wrote a number of articles to the " Archajologia 
Cambrensis," and other antiquarian magazines, but is best known as 
the author, in conjunction with Mr. R. M. Wynne, of Peniarth, of 
" The Kalendars of Gwynedd," which is recognised as a standard 
work. He was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. All 
his literary work is characterised by scholarly accuracy and pains- 
taking research, — with him accuracy was the first requisite. In 
politics he was a Liberal, and was looked upon as the future member 
for Merioneth. {Y Gestiana ; Bye-Gones, ISSl, \:>. 206), 

Breese, Evan, 1798- , poet, was born at Do! Howell, Llan- 
gadfan, Montgomeryshire, and was a grandson of the well-known 
scholar, William Jones, of that place. He spent most of his life as a 
schoolmaster in various parts of the country, and was a local preacher 
with the Wesleyans. Two small volumes of poems were published by 
him, containing carols and other religious verses. He died at 
Llanerfyl, and was buried there. {Mont. Worthies). 

Breese, John, 1789-1842, a Congregational preacher, was born 
at Llanbrynmair, Montgomeryshire. He received but little education 
in early life, and for some time he was employed as a farm labourer. 
When 24 years of age having, in the meantime, commenced to preach, 
he was sent to Shrewsbury School, and afterwards to college. He 
then settled down as pastor in Liverpool, where he laboured with 
great success for 17 years. He spent the last seven years of his life at 
Carmarthen. He travelled much, and among the people of his own 
denomination was considered second only to Williams of Wern as 
a preacher. He was exceptionally liberal in his views as a Noncon- 
formist, so much so that during his pastorate in Li\erpool, Dr. Bethell, 
then Bishop of Bangor, wrote oflering to ordain him as a minister 
of the Church of England, and subsequently sent a neighbouring 
clergyman to Liverpool specially to endeavour to persuade him to 
take orders in the Church, but he declined. His sermons were mainly 


doctrinal, and, at times, only the most intelligent of his hearers could 
follow him with any profit. {Enwog. C; Mont. Worthies). 

Breese, Samuel, 1772-1812, a Baptist minister, was born at 
Llandinam, Montgomeryshire. In his eighth year, he became lame, 
and this induced bis parents to give him a better education than 
they would otherwise have done. For some time he followed the 
occupation of schoolmaster, but in 1795 he began to preach. He 
became one of the most popular and powerful preachers of the day, 
and in 1803 became co-pastor at Aberystwyth with the Rev. John 
James. He afterwards removed to Newcastle Emlyn, where he 
laboured with much success His descriptive powers were remarkably 
vivid, and few preachers were moi-e eloquent and popular. He 
travelled much throughout Wales and parts of England, preaching 
fluently in English as well as Welsh. He was buried in the burial 
ground attached to the old Baptist Chapel at Cilfowyr, Pembrokeshire. 
Elegies were written on his death by the Revs. D. Saunders and 
Christmas Evans, and the latter was reprinted in the form of a 
pamphlet at Llanidloes in 1846. {Enwog. C. ; Mont. Wo7'thies). 

Brereton, Andrew Jones, 1827-1885, "Andreas o F6n," a 
poet, was a native of Anglesea, He began his business career in 
Liverpool, subsequently removing, in 1852, to Mold, where he entered 
the employ of a firm of bi-ewers, Messrs. Jones, Lloyd and Company, 
as clerk. He afterwards became managing partner, and retired from 
business some years before his death. He was a constant contributor 
to the magazines, and an ardent Eisteddfodwr. He edited the prize 
compositions of the Mold Eisteddfod of 1851. In 1878 a sum of 
three hundred and twenty pounds was collected for presentation to 
him in recognition of his services to various Welsh movements, 
and especially the Eisteddfod. He, however, declined to accept a 
pecuniary testimonial, and three hundi-ed pounds of the amount went 
towards founding a scholarship in his name at the Aberystwyth 
University College, the balance being applied to the purchase of a 
piece of silver which was presented to him. {The Red Dragon; 
Cardiff CataJogtie ; C. & D. EeraJd). See Golud yr Oes, vol. 2, p. 34. 
Brereton, Jane, 1G85-1740, an authoress, was the daughter 
of Thomas Hughes, of Bryn Griffith, near Mold, Flintshire, and in 
1711 she married Thomas Brereton, the di-amatist, of Chester, who 
was drowned in the Dee in 1722. Mrs. Brereton spent the remaining 
eighteen years of her life at Wrexham. She was a gifted writer, 
and wrote poetry of a high order, much of which appeared in the 
"Gentleman's Magazine." Her works were collected and published 
in 1714, four years after her death. Sir Egerton Brydges, in his 
"Censura Literaria," has an appreciative reference to her. {Cilcain 
d'r Amgylchoedd ; Diet. Nat. Biog.). 

Brereton, Owen Salusbury, 1715-1798, antiquary, was the 
son of Mr. Thomas Brereton, of Flintshire, and afterwards of Shotwick 
Park, Cheshire. He added the name of " Salusbury " on succeeding 
to estates in the counties of Chester, Denbigh, and Flint, on his 
father's death, about 1756. He was called to the bar in 1738, and in 


1742 was appointed recorder of Liverpool, a position which he retained 
for fifty-six years. He was a member of the Society of Arts, the 
Royal Society, and the Society of Antiquaries. He sat as M.P. for 
Ilchester from 177.5 to 1780, and was appointed constable of Flint 
Castle in 177.'). He contributed a number of papers to the " Archfeo- 
logia" and the "Philosophical Transactions" of 1781 on various 
objects of antiquity in North Wales. {Diet. Nat. Blog. ; Notices of 
Flint). See Chalmer's Biog. Diet. -. Gentleman's Magazine, 1798, vol. 
(>^,^ part 2, p. 816 ; Ormerod's Gfieshire, ed. Helsby, 1882, vol. 2, 
p. 573 ; Welch's Westminster Scholars, 1188 ; Return of Members of 
Parliament, 1878, vol. 2, p. 1.54. 

Brewer, Jehoiada, 1752-1818, an author, was a native of 
Newport, Monmouthshire. He was induced by the Rev. Caradoc 
Glascott, vicar of Hatherleigh, Devon, to study for the church, and he 
accordingly entered the Countess of Huntingdon's College at Trevecca, 
but the Bishop refused to ordain him, and he laboured with the Non- 
conformists, first at Sheffield, and then at Birmingham. He published 
several sermons, etc. ; wrote several pieces of poetry ; and composed 
hymns,— two of which — the "Hiding Place," and the "Star of 
Bethlehem," — were very popular. His publications include: — "An 
Introduction Discourse at the Ordination of the late Mr. Jonathan 
Evans, at Poleshill, April 4,1797"; "A Sermon preached before the 
Missionary Society in London, May, 17'.i;V; and "An Oration 
delivered at the Interment of the Rev. Samuel Pearce, of Birmingham." 
{Enwog. G.) See Y Brython, vol. 1, second edit., p. 410 ; Evangelical 
Magazine, Oct., 1817 ; Bishop's Christian Memorials of the Nineteenth 
Centurrj, 1826 ; Gadsby's Hymn Writers, 1855: 

Briscoe, Thomas, 1813-1895, a clergyman and author, was 
born at Wre.Kham, where his father, Richard Briscoe, carried on 
business as a druggist. He completed his education at Oxford, and 
received the degree of D.D. He was ordained priest in 1837 by the 
Bishop of Oxford. After several preferments he was, in 1858, 
appointed vicar of Holyhead, subsequently becoming Chancellor of 
Bangor Cathedral, and Proctor in Convocation for the Dean and 
Chapter of Bangor. He was an excellent Hebrew and Greek scholar, 
and translated into Welsh the Book of Job from the original (Holy- 
well : 18.54) ; and also the Book of Proverbs and the Psalms (Holy- 
well : 1855). In 18'J4 he translated the New Testament " from the 
readings adopted by the revisers of the authorised version," (Bangor : 
Jarvis & Foster). (G. & D. Herald; Cardiff Gatalogm). See 
Y Traethodyd<l, 1895, p. 143 ; Y Geninen, 1884, p. 230 ; Ibid, 1897, 
p. 36. 

Brown, Richard, 1812-1895, a Calvinistic Methodist minister 
and author, was born at Llanidloes, in Montgomeryshire, and was 
ordained in 1838. His first pastorate was at Llanmartyn, Mon., but 
he afterwards removed to North Wales, where he often preached with 
John Elias. Later on he went to Liverpool, where he took charge of 
the Liverpool City Mission, having under his care about 25 local 


During his stay there, he published about 17 volumes, one 
of the most popular being "Byways of the Bible." (C. d- D. HerakI). 

Bruce, Henry Austin, 1815-1895, first Lord Aberdare, was 
the aon of Mr. John Bruce I'ryce Bruce, of Duffryn, St. Nicholas, 
Glamorganshire. In youth he spent six years in France, and returning 
to England in 1827, he entered Swansea Grammar School. In 1837 
he was called to the bar, and from 1847 to 1852 he was police magis- 
trate at Merthyr Tydfil. From 1852 to 18l)8 he represented Merthyr 
in Parliament, and in 1869 was elected for Renfrewshire. He was 
under-secretary at the Home Odice from 18G2 to 1864, and subse- 
quently, until July, 1.S66, was vice-president of the Committee of 
Council on Education. In 1868 he took office under Mr. Gladstone as 
Home Secretary, and in 1873, when he was appointed Lord President 
of the Council, he was raised to the peerage. In Wales he vvfill always 
be remembered for the interest he took in the promotion of higher 
education, and it was he who presided over the Royal Commission, 
whose report led to the foundation of the University Colleges of 
North and South Wales. He also took a deep interest in the welfare 
of the University College of Wales at Aberystwyth, and filled the office 
of President of the Board of Governors. He wrote a " Life of General 
Napier" (1864), "National Education" (1866), and published his 
" Speech on the Education of the Poor Bill " in 1867. {Bye-Gunes, 
1895, p. 43 ; Harmsivorth). 

Bruce, Sir James Lewis Knight, 1791-1866, judge, was 
the son of John Knight, of Devonshire, by Margaret, daughter of 
William Bruce, of Llanblethian, in Glamorganshire. He was called to 
the bar in 1817, and for a short time took the Welsh circuit. The 
increase of his Chancery practice soon caused him to abandon the 
common-law bar, and he confined himself to the Equity Court. In 
1831 he was returned to Parliament for Bishop's Castle in the Conser- 
vative interest. His parliamentary career was, however, very short, 
the borough he represented being disfranchised by the Reform Bill. 
In 1834 he receiveil the honorary degree of D.C.L. from Oxford 
University. On several occasions he was one of the counsel heard 
at the House of Lords on matter.^ relating to the Reform Bill and 
Ecclesiastical Duties and Revenues Bill. In 1842 he was sworn a 
member of the Privy Council, and in the same year became Chief 
Judge in Bankruptcy, and held the yearly office of Treasurer of 
Lincoln's Inn. Upon the creation of the Court of Appeal in Chan- 
cery, he was appointed one of the first Lords Justices. He shewed 
a wonderful aptitude for business, and a profound knowledge of law ; 
his judgments, especially the earlier ones, were models of composition. 
He was buried in Cheriton Churchyard, near Folkestone. {Diet. Nat. 
Biog.) See Law Mag. and Revieiv, v. 22, p. 278 ; Laiv Journal, v. 1, 
p. 564 ; Solicitors'' Journal, vol. 11, p. 25 ; Gent. Mag. 1866, pp. 681, 
818, 833. 

Brutus, see Owen, David. 

Bryan, John, 1770-1856, a well-known Wesleyan preacher, was 
burn at LlanCyllin, Montgomeryshire. He removed in early life to 


Chester, andi found employment in a shop, but was soon induced to 
commence preaching. He joined the Wesleyan Missinn in 1801, and 
laboured in Wales for fifteen years. He was afterwards transferred to 
England, where he remained for eight years. He was a very popular 
preacher, and a prolific writer, and as a translator of verse he had few 
equals. He translated a very large number of the hymns now in use by 
the Wesleyans, and published several prose works, among them Welsh 
versions of "The Life of John Haime " (1811) ; "The Life oi John 
Nelson" (1812); "The Life of James Arminius," and "Wesley on 
Universal Salvatinn" (18-41). He also contributed to the " Eurgrawn 
Wesleyaidd " a number of articles on the theological controversies of 
the day. He died at Carnarvon in the eighty-seventh year of his 
age. {Enttag. C. ; Mont. Worthies). See Hanes Lkn. G. ; Cymru, 
vol. 3, p. 220. 

Brychan, see Davies, John. 

Burne-Jcnes, Sir Edward Coley, 1833-1898, painter, was 
born in Birniiiigham. The name " Burne" was a baptismal name, and 
was adopted ;is part of the surname as a matter of convenience. His 
father, a man of Welsh descent, was Edward Richard Jones. Young 
Jones matriculated at Oxford, in 18.')2, with the intention of taking 
orders in the Church of England. He, however, formed a friendship 
with a fellow graduate, also of Welsh nationality — William Morris — 
and forsook the path of divinity for those of literature and art. 
At first he studied under Rosetti, and worked with him on the Walls 
of the Oxford Union. It was at the opening of the Grosvenor Gallery 
in 1877, that Burne-Jones' work was practically first introduced to tlie 
world. His principal contributions to that gallerj- made a great 
impression, but he attained a still more striking success by the " Briar 
Rose " series of pictures. As is evident from nearly all his work, he 
was a passionate student of Celtic romance. Together with Rosetti 
and Morris he has profoundly affected the renaissance in England of 
decorative art proper, and the artistic crafts. He designed stained 
glass windows for churches in England, America, India, Germany and 
France, and the mosaic decorations in the apse of the American 
Church, Rome, are his. {Diet. Xaf. Bio;/., Harmsworlh.) See Mal- 
colm Bell's Sir Edward Bur7u-Jo>ies, 1898; Nineteenth Century, 
January, 1899. 

Butler, Benjamin Franklin, 1818-1893, an American 
general, was of Welsh descent, and was born at Deertield, New Haioji- 
shire, U.S.A. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1840, and 
practised with success. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, he 
entered Baltimore at the head of the Federal brigade, and was given 
command of the department of East Virginia. In 1863 he co-operated 
with General Grant in an unsuccessful attack on Richmond. Failing 
to capture Fort P'isher, in December, 1864, he was removed from his 
command fcjr exceeding his instructions. He was returned to Congress 
by the Republicans of M;issachusetts in 1866-76, and was one of the 
Committee appointed to try President Andrew Johnson. He was elected 
Governor of Massachusetts in 1882. ( Welshmen as Factors, &c., W. R. 


Evans ; Lippincott ; Harmsworth.) See Parton's General Butler 
in New Orleans (1863) ; Life, by Bland (1879) ; and his own 
Autobiography (1892). 

Cadfan, see Williams, Hugh. 

Cadvan Gwynedd, see Hughes, Hugh. 

Cadwalader, John, 1743-1786, a general in the American 
army, who was of a Welsh family, was born in Philadelphia. He 
received the appointment of Brigadier-general in 1777, and bravely 
fought at the battles of Princeton, Brandywine, and Monmouth. He 
fought a duel with General Conway, because he had intrigued with 
Gates against Washington, and was severely wounded. In the winter 
of 1776-7, he had the whole of the Pennsylvanian troops under his 
command, and his men were foremost in some of the most important 
battles of the Revolutionary crisis. In 1778 he was offered, but 
declined to accept, an appointment fi-om Congress as General of the 
Cavalry. He is described as " wealthy, and liberal to a fault." {Wales 
and its People ; Welshmen as Factors.) See Lippincott. 

Cadwalader, John, 1806-1879, an American lawyer and 
general, born in Philadelphia, was of Welsh descent. He served as 
a brigadier-general in the Mexican war of 1847. In 1861 he was 
second in command under General Patterson in Virginia, and was 
appointed a major-general of volunteers in 1862. (Wales and its 
People ; Lippincott.) 

Cadwaladr, Ellis, d. about 1740, a poet, was a native of Llandrillo, 
near Corwen. Four of his poems were published in the " Blodeu- 
gerdd"; he had evidently received a good education, and knew 
something of the classics. He won the chair prize at an Eisteddfod 
held at Bala in 1738, and in addressing him on that occasion the 
adjudicator (the Rev. Edward Wynne, vicar of Gwyddelwern) gave 
utterance to an alliterative line of verse — "Goreu i gyd, gwr y Gadair" 
— which has ever since been retained as an Eisteddfod motto. (Enwog. 
C.) See his poem to Watkin Williams Wynne, Esq. (Shrewsbury: T. 
Durston, 1737), at Cardiff Library, W. 3, 2133. 

Caerfallwch, see Edwards, Thomas. 

Caledfryn, see Williams, William. 

Campbell, Eliza Constantia, 1796-1864, a talented poetess, 
was the eldest child of Richard Pryce, Esq., of Gunley, her mother 
being a Miss Edwards, of Pentre Hall. She married, in 1826, Robert 
Campbell, Commander in the Royal Navy, and a first cousin of 
Thomas Campbell, the poet. In December, 1833, she published 
" Stories from the History of Wales " (printed by Eddowes, 
Shrewsbury, published by Longmans, London). A second edition 
was printed and published in Edinburgh in 1837. under the title of 
" Tales about Wales." Thomas Campbell thought very highly of his 
" cousin's " taste and character. Her husband died at Gunley in 1832, 
and was buried in Forden Churchyard (Montgomeryshire), and in 
1844 she was married to her second husband. Captain Hugh Morrieson. 


Prof. Lewis Campbell (born 1830), Greek scholar and author, who 
held the chair of Greek at St. Andrew's University from 1863 to 1892, 
is a son of Mrs. Campbell. (Mont. Worthies ; Harmsworth). 

Canrhawdfardd, see Jones, Thomas. 

Caradawc y Fenni, see Bevan, Thomas. 

CaradOg, see Jones, GrifBth Rhys. 

Carbery, Earl of, 1641-1713, was descended from an old 
Welsh family. It is probable that his father, as became a Welshman, 
was a Loyalist, for at the coronation of King Charles II., in 1661, his 
youthful son (the subject of this sketch) was created a Knight of the 
Order of the Bath. In the same year he attained his majority, and 
was returned to Parliament for the borough of Carmarthen, which he 
continued to represent till his succession to the Peerage. He rose so 
rapidly in the estimation of the Sovereign and his Ministers, that at 
the early age of 30, he was appointed to the Governorship of Jamaica, 
which he held for eight years. {The Red Dragon.) 

Carn Ingli, see Hughes, Joseph. 

Carnhuanawc, see Price, Thomas. 

Carter, Hugh, 1784-1855, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was born near Mold, and was the son of Mr. Carter, tanner, of 
Denbigh. He entered the Wesleyan ministry in 1805, and served 
with success among Welsh and English churches. He published an 
abridged edition of the duoglot Bible. He was a constant contributor 
to the earlier volumes of " Yr Eurgrawn Wesleyaidd." {Enwog. C.) 
See Minutes of Conference, 1856. 

Ceiriog, see Hughes, John Ceiriog. 

Ceulanydd, see Williams, John. 

Charles, David, 1762-1834, a Calvinistic Methodist preacher, 
and the youngest brother of the Rev. Thomas Charles (see j^ost), like 
him, a powerful preacher, and a true builder of the churches, was 
born near St. Clears, Carmarthenshire. He was educated at the 
village school, and was converted about 1777, and in 1783 he 
commenced business at Carmarthen. Five years later he was 
appointed a deacon of the Calvinistic Methodist Church, and in 
1803 began to preach. Early Methodism in Wales owed much to 
his soberness and wisdom. He spent many years of his early 
manhood in Bristol, and was an effective preacher in English as well 
as in Welsh. He preached several times with and for Rowland Hill ; 
and twice at least he occupied the famous pulpit of Surrey Chapel. 
He wrote several hymns, one of which — " fryniau Caersalem ceir 
gweled " — ranks among the foremost hymns in the language. His 
sermons and hymns give a fair insight into the lofty thoughts and 
glorious visions with which his mind was constantly engaged. Some 
of his hymns are unrivalled in their beauty and pathos, and the 
originality of their ideas. {Siveet Singers of Wales ; JSistorical 
Handbook). See his Memoir by H. Hughes, prefixed to English 
edition of Charles' Sermons ; F Traethodydd, 1896, p. 241. 


Charles, David, 1S12-1878, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born at Bala, and educated at Oxford, where he graduated B.A. 
He was a grandson of the great Thomas Charles (1755-1814, see 'post). 
In conjunction with his brother-in-law (Dr. Lewis Edwards) he 
founded Bala College in 1837. He became principal of Trevecca 
College in 1842, a post which he held for 20 years. In 1867 he was 
appointed secretary and registrar of the University College of 
Wales, Aberystwyth. There are three movements which stand out 
prominently in the story of his life, of which he might be justly 
termed the chief actor, — the founding of the college at Bala, at 
Trevecca, and the establishing of the University College at Aber- 
ystwyth. In his capacity as principal at Trevecca he was most 
diligent and persevering, always ready to exercise endless patience 
on behalf of the students. He did a great work, and that conscien- 
tously. It was his privilege to do a little pastoral work in two 
places, — Abercarn and Aberdovey ; and his fidelity to truth, and his 
devotion to his Master's work, were marked features in his work in 
both places. As a preacher, temperance advocate and lecturer, he was 
beloved by all classes of the community. {Histurical Handbook). See 
Y Traethodijdd, 1893, pp. 45, 131, and 264 ; Sunday Schools, dx., p. 336. 

Charles, Edward, abt. 1760-1828, "Sierlyn Fardd," a poet, 
was born at Clocaenog, near Ruthin, Denbighshire, but spent most of 
his life in London. He was a prominent member of the Gwynedd- 
igion Society, and acted as its secretary in 1796, and four years later 
was elected chief bard of the Society. He was the first to be elected 
to that office, and acted in the same capacity in 1810. On his election 
to the post in 1800 what is described as " a large and handsome silver 
medal " was presented to him by the Society, and his poem in 
acknowledgment of the gift is printed in "Golud yr Oes," vol. 2, 
p. 49. Another poem "to the Cymreigyddion Society" appears on 
p. 224 of the same volume. One of his poems was appended to an 
ode by Thomas Jones (Y Bardd CloS!) printed in 1799 (London : 
J.Jones). {Enwog. C.; Gohid yi- Oes, vol. 2, -pp. 4,9, 22-k). See Meport 
on Welsh MSS., J. Gwenogfryn Evans, vol. 2, pt. 1, p. 297, for 
contents of a MS. in his handwriting, containing a number of his own 
poems, together with those of other bards ; Llyfrydd. y Gymry, p. 725. 

Charles, Thomas, 1755-1814, of Bala, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister, was born in the parish of Llanfihangel, Carmarthenshire. 
He received his early training at Llanddowror and at the Academy 
at Carmarthen, and entered Jesus College in 1775. Ordained in 
1778, he entered on a curacy in Somersetshire. In 1784 he was 
appointed curate at Llanymawddwy, but in about a j^ear afterwards he 
withdrew from the Established Church, and became a most active 
minister with the Welsh Calvinistic Methodists, with whom he had 
been associated in his early youth. It was on the occasion of a 
visit to an Oxford fellow-student (the Rev. Simon Lloyd, Bala) that 
he first saw the little town in Merioneth with which his name 
will always be associated. He greatly increased the membership 
of the denomination by establishing Circulating Schools throughout 


the Principality, and, later on, took a leading part, with the Revds. 
Edward Williams, D.D., Morgan John Rhys, and others in extending 
the Sunday School movement set on foot by Robert Raikes in 1765. 
(See Cyniru, vol. 22, p. 153 ct seq.). He was the principal instrument 
in founding the Bible Society, and prepared two editions of the Welsh 
Bible for the press. He published a new edition of the works of 
Walker Cradock, and several tracts, itc, for the use of his schools, but 
his most important work is the " Geiriadur Ysgrythyrol," a Welsh 
Scripture Dictionary of very great merit, which is still regarded as a 
standard book. {Diet. Em. W. ; Young Wales, 1901, p. ;50). See 
Enwog. y Ffydd ; Gyinru, vol. 18, p. 323 ; vol. 14, p. 47 ; Traethodau 
Llenyddol Dr. Edwards, p. 278 ; Y Geninen, 1885, p. 220 ; Y Traeth- 
odydd, 1895, pp. 93 and 29<) ; Nodwrddiad y Cymry, p. 209 ; F Traeth- 
odydd. 1884, p. 29 ; Life of Rev. Thns. Charles, by W. Hughes ; Hist, 
of the Life and Labours of the Rev. T. Charles, by Edward Morgan ; 
Meth. Cymru ; Y Tadau Methodistaidd ; Sunday Schools, dec. ; Y 
Traethodydd, 1899, pp. 310 and 501 ; Ibid, 1882, p. 342 ; Ibid, 1900, 
p. 313. 

Chidlaw, Benjamin William, -1892, an American 

preacher and social reformer. " This remarkable Welshman was 
ordained at 25, and a year later entered on a long period of service as 
missionary of the American Sunday School Union. He has literally 
founded thousands of Sunday Schools, in remote districts, and given 
the first impulse to new churches." {Missionary Review of the 
World.) He acted as chaplain during the American War, and he is 
described as " an ideal chaplain, known to the whole army with 
which he served for his earnestness, his fearlessness, his friendliness, 
his affectionate devotion to the soldiers, his tender ministrations in 
times of trouble, his charities, his patriotism, the pathos of his services 
amid the perils of war, his eloquence that was as quickening as a 
bugle note." ( Welshmen as Factors, Sx.) See his Notes of a 
Journey from Ohio to Wales, and a History of the Welsh Institutions 
in America, <£c., Welsh edition, Llanrwst : J. Jones, 1840 (second 

Churchey, Walter, 1747-1805, an author, and a friend and 
supporter of John Wesley, was a native of Brecon, and was a solicitor 
by profession. He was an indefatigable writer of religious verse. He 
composed an epic poem of ten thousand lines on " The Life of Joseph," 
which he published in a volume entitled "Poems and Imitations" 
(1789). This work was printed at Wesley's printing office, and he 
himself secured one hundred subscribers for it at a guinea each. See 
"Wesley's Works," xii. 416-423. Churchey was also the author of 
" An Addition to Collins' Ode on the Passions " (1804) ; " An Essay 
on Man, upon Principles opposed to those of Lord Bolingbroke, in 
Four Epistles " (1804) ; " A Philippic on Idleness ; " " An Apology by 
W. Churchey for his Public Appearance as a Poet " (Tiefecca : 1805). 
In the " British Museum Catalogue," Poole's "Brecknockshire," and 
other works, he is called (in error) " William " Churchey. He com- 
posed an "elegy" addressed to Lord Nelson on his arrival at 


Brecknock, amidst the acclamations of the people, on the 26th July, 
1802. Lord Nelson subsequently wrote to the poet, thanking him for 
his lines. Southey, the poet, was in the county in 1798, and became 
personally iicquainted with Churchey. (Poole's Brecknockshire ; 
Enivog. C. ; Diet. Nat. Bing.) See Guwper's Works (Bohn), vol. 3, 
p. 370 ; Cottle's Beminiscences of Coleridge ; Southey, &c., 1847, 
p. 230 ; Tyerman's Life and Times of John Wesley, 1871, vol. 3, 
p. 244 et seq. 

ClOUgh, Anne Jemima, 1820-1892, first principal of Newn- 
ham College, Cambridge, who was of Welsh descent, and a sister of 
Arthur Hugh Clough (see 2>ost) was born in Liverpool. She spent 
most of her younger days in South Carolina, bat, returning in 1836, 
she became a school teacher in Wales, afterwards establishing a school 
at Ambleside, in Westmoreland, in 1852. Ten years later she closed 
her school to organise the scheme for the higher education of women. 
This led to her appointment as head of a house of residence at 
Cambridge, which formed the nucleus of Newnham College, opened 
under her principalship in 1880. Her memoir was published by her 
sister, Miss Blanche A. Clough, in 1897. (Harms worth.) See Diet. 
Nat. Biog. 

Clough, Arthur Hugh, 1819-1861, a poet, born in Liverpool, 
was of Welsh descent. He was educated at Rugby, under Dr. Arnold. 
He took a prominent iiart in the political and social movements of the 
day, and by a pamphlet on " Retrenchment," written in 1847, and 
occasioned by the potatoe famine in Ireland, he earned for himself 
the reputation of a Socialist. He spent some time in America, earning 
a living by literary and scholastic work, but returned to England in 
18.53 to take up a post in the Education Office, which he held till his 
death. He died at Florence, and was buried in the little Protestant 
cemetery on the outskirts of the city. His poems, edited by F. T. 
Palgrave, were published in 1862 ; his " Poems and Prose Remains," 
with a selection from his letters and a memoir, edited by Miss Blanche 
Clough, appeared in 1869. Selections from his works were also 
published in 1894, and (edited by Ernest Rhys) in 1S96, and a mono- 
graph, by S. Waddington, in 1883. Professor Sellar writes of him : — 
" No modern English poet is so truly Homeric — not through 
conscious imitation so much as the gitt of a kindred spirit — in seizing 
immediately the real aspects and simple effects of Nature, which may 
be perceived and felt every day by the peasant as well as the poet." 
{Harmstvorth.) See The Penny Poets, No. 29, and the works above 
referred to ; Bed Dragon, vol. 8, p. .521. 

Clough, R. B. 1782-1830, rector of Corwen, was a bard and 
prose writer of some note. Some of his poetry was published in 
the " Gwyliedydd." He was exceedingly patriotic, and never tired 
in shewing hospitality to the bardic fraternity. {Enwog. G.) 

Clwydfardd, see Griffith, David. 

Clymer, George, 1739-1813, an American statesman, was 
born in Philadelphia, U.S.A., and was of Welsh descent. He became 
about 1773 an active supporter of the popular cause, was 


a member of Congress in ]776, and signed the Declaration of In- 
dependence. In 1780 he was re-elected to Congress. He was a 
member of the Convention which framed the Federal Constitution in 
1787, and was the founder of the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society. 
{Welshmen as Factors, d'c, W. R. Evans ; Lippincott). See Goodrich's 
Lives of the Signers tu the Dedaration uf I/ideptm/etice. 

Coke, Thomas, 174:7-1814, a missionary, was the son of a 
surgeon at Brecon, where he was born in 1747. After spending a 
few years at Brecon College School, in his seventeenth year he 
entered Jesus College, Oxford, where he took the degree of LL.D. 
in 177.5. For three years he held the curacy of South Petherton, 
in Somersetshire, but in 1777 he threw in his lot with the Wesleyan 
Methodists, and became one of their most ardent supporters. In 1784, 
he made his first voyage to North America, where he was actively 
employed in the Methodist cause. In consequence of certain 
expressions in some of his sermons, and an apparent sacrifice of his 
loyalty in an address to the President, as superintendent of the 
Methodists of the United States, he was censured by the rulers of 
his own body on his return to England. Soon afterwards, he 
returned to North America, where his denunciations of slavery 
exposed him to great persecution and danger. In all, he made nine 
voyages to America, and devoted much time and energy to the 
establishing of missions in Ireland, Scotland, France, and Africa. 
In 1800 he formulated a plan for the introduction of Wesleyan 
Methodism into Wales, through the medium of the Welsh language. 
He published a Commentary on the Scriptures, and a History of 
the West Indies (Diet. Em. W.). See Y Geninen, 1885, p. 166 ; 
Ibid, 1886, p. 94 ; his Life, by Saml. Drew, 1817 ; Minutes of 
Conference, 181.5. 

Corfanydd, see Williams, Robert Herbert. 

Cotton, Sir Stapleton, 1773-1865, first Viscount Combermere, 
a soldier, was born in Denbighshire. In 1808 he went to the 
Peninsula, and two years later was placed in command of the cavalry 
of the allied forces in Spain. He fought at Talavera, Salamanca, and 
Toulouse. Later he commanded the cavalry of the army of occupation 
in France after Waterloo. He was created Baron Combermere in 1814, 
and Viscount in 1827. He captured Bhartpur in 1826. He was 
commander of the forces in the West Indies from 1817 to 1820, 
commander-in-chief in Ireland from 1822 to 1825, and in India 
from 1825 to 1830. In 1855 he was ap])ointed field-marshal. He 
died at Clifton February 21, 1865. {Cyclo. of Names ; Earmsu'orth). 
See Memoirs and Correspondence of Viscount Combermere, by Lady 
Combermere and Captain W. W. KnoUys, London, 1866 ; Fraser's 
Magazine, November, 1866. 

Crawley, Richard, 1840-1893, scholar, was born at Bryn- 
gwyn Rectory, Monmouthshire, and was the eldest son of William 
Crawley, archdeacon of Monmouth, by his wife, Mary Gertrude, 
third daughter of Sir Love Jones Parry, of Madryn, Carnarvonshire. 
He graduated B.A. at Oxford in 1866, and was afterwards called 


to the bar, but never practised, owing to ill-health. He had an 
admirable literary taste, and a wide knowledge of literature. He 
published a number of volumes, but his most notable performance 
was a translation of Thucydides' " History of the Peloponnesian 
War," an able and vigorous piece of work, which, however, secured 
little recognition. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Athenceum, 8th April, 
1893 ; Times, 8th April, 1893. 

Creuddynfab, see Williams, William. 

CristiolUS Mon, see Hughes, David. 

Cromwell, see Williams, William W. 

Cromwell, Richard, ir)2(>-1712, son of the great Protector, 
Oliver Cromwell, succeeded his father as lord protector, but, lacking 
the governing faculty, he remained in office for a few months only. 
He quietly acquiesced in the Restoration, and took up his residence 
at Cheshunt, in Hertfordshire, where he lived, " peaceful and 
forgotten, to the advanced age of 8(i." Oliver Cromwell's Welsh 
descent does not admit of any doubt. He was descended from 
Morgan Williams, a Glamorganshire Welshman, who married the 
sister of Thomas Cromwell, the minister of Henry VIII. His son, 
Richard Williams, adopted his mother's maiden surname, though he 
subscribed himself " Cromwell alias Williams." Oliver Cromwell 
himself occasionally used the name Williams concurrently with that 
of Cromwell, and it appeared in his marriage settlement, and even 
in the inscription on his bed when his efSgy lay in state. After 
the Restoration of Charles II. some members of the Cromwell 
family resumed the name of Williams. (John Morley's Oliver 
Cromwell ; Harmsworth ; Imjj. Diet. Biog. See Life of Oliver 
Cromwe/l and his sons, Richard and Henry, 1820 ; Waylon's House 
of Cromwell, 1880 ; Y Geninen, 1899, p. 233 ; Memoirs of the 
Protectorate House of Cromwell, M. Noble, 1784, which traces the 
Welsh origin of the family. 

Cyffin, see Jones, Thomas Griffiths. 

Cyffin Glan Cynwy, see Jones, John. 

Cymro Gw^yllt, see Edwards, William. 

Cyndeyrn, see Davies, Robert. 

Cynddelw, see Ellis, Robert. 

Cynfaen, see Evans, John Hugh. 

Datydd, Philip, -about 1800, a poet, was a native of 

South Wales. He published in 1791 an elegy on the death of the 
Rev. William Williams, Pantycelyn, and in 1797 a poem in memory of 
the Rev. Daniel Rowlands, Liangeitho. {Q. B. \ Llyfrydd. y Cymry). 

Dafydd ap Gwilym Buallt, see Williams, David D. 

Dafydd Ddu Eryri, see Thomas, David. 

Dafydd lonawr, see Richards, David. 

Dafydd Morganwg, see Jones, David William. 

Daviks. M.A. (1S2(; 


Dafydd O Went, see Jones, David P. 

Dafydd Sion Dafydd, see Jones, David. 

Dafydd y Garreg Wen, see Owen, David. 

Daniel Ddu O Ceredigion, see Evans, Daniel. 

Daniel, Robert Thomas, 1773- an American minister, 

was tlie son of Welsh parents, and was born in Caroline County, 
Virginia. After the war, the family removed to North Carolina. R. 
T. Daniel was the fifth son ; for many years he was an earnest 
preacher of the Gospel, and organised several churches. His own 
record of his thirty-seven years' labour is thus given : — " I have 
travelled, for the purpose of preaching the Gospel, about 60,00(1 miles ; 
preached upwards of 5,000 sermons ; baptized more than 1,500 people." 
Many were led to enter the ministry through his influence. ( Welsh- 
men as Factors, d-c). 

David, David, -1878, a sailor, was a native of Glamor- 

ganshire. He started life when only 12 years of age, as a stable boy, 
at Dunlands, under the Rev. Robert Carne, of that place. At the age 
of 16 he joined the Royal Navy, and for many years distinguished 
himself in several severe battles with pirates, more particularly with 
the Dyaks of Borneo. He was once pinned by a cutlass to the mast, 
and left in that state whilst the vessel was taken and retaken, and at 
length being liberated, after a long and serious illness, recovered and 
returned to his native soil. Had he been a good scholar he would 
have obtained the rank of lieutenant, but all that could be done for 
him was done by the Admiralty Board of that time. The Rajah of 
Sarawak had a great partiality for him, and constantly wrote to him. 
He spent the remainder of his life at Llantwit Major, in his native 
country. {Bye-Gones, 1S78, p. 83). 

David, Job, 1746-1813, a Baptist minister, was a son of a 
preacher of the same name, who lived in Glamorganshire. The son 
ministered for some time in his native country, but afterwards 
removed to Frome, Somerset, where he remained for thirty years. He 
subsequently accepted a call to Taunton, but five years later, owing to 
ill-health, he removed to Swansea. He wrote several works, including 
" A Letter on the Use of Scriptural Doxology," and " A Reply to 
Dr. Priestley on the subject of Infant Baptism." {Gentleman's 
Magazine ; Enwog. C.) 

David, Thomas Essile, 1820-1891, "Dewi Wyn o Essyllt," 
■was a native of Dinas Powis, Glamorganshire, and resided there until 
1874, when he removed to Pontypridd, carrying on business there 
for the remainder of his life. For some time he acted as editor of " Y 
Gwladgarwr " ; " Y Fellten " ; and " Cyfaill y Plentyn.'' He displayed 
an early talent for poetry, and was an Eisteddfod competitor for the 
greater part of his life-time. His chief poems are those on " Man " ; 
"The Sun"; "Sir Rowland Hill"; "Sir Hugh Owen"; and "The 
Martyrdom of Stephen." He was a constant contributor to the Welsh 
magazines, and frequently acted as adjudicator at the National Eistedd- 
fod. In 1874 he published a volume of 588 pages, containing his 


poems and essays, under the title of " Ceinion Essyllt," with portrait 
(Cardiff : D. Duncan & Sons). He also published separately his poems 
on " Sir Rowl?nd Hill" (Aberdare : Mills & Lynch, 1,S,S2) ; " Sir J. J. 
Guest" (Merthyr Tydfil: P. Williams, 1857); "William Rees, D.D." 
(Cardiff : D. Owen & Co., 1884) ; and " Conquests of the Human 
Mind" (Swansea : W. Morris, 1854). Y Geninen, Mch., 1891, p. 49 ; 
Cardiff Catalogue). See Y Geninen, Mch., 1892, p. 12. 

Davids, Thomas WilHam, 181(]-1884,a Congregational minister 
and author, was the son of the Revd. Wm. Saunders Davids, pastor of 
Providence Church, Gower, near Swansea. At first he studied for the 
medical profession, but in 183ti entered Homerton College to prepare 
for the ministry. In 1841 he was ordained pastor of the Lion Walk 
Congregational church, Colchester, and there he laboured with great 
ability and untiring energy for 'M years. He found time for extensive 
philosophical and theological studies, and wrote more than one 
valuable series of lectui-es, never given to the public. During the 
political commotion of 1848, he published an admirable sermon from 
Isaiah vi. 13, on " England's obligation to her Pious Men." In 
compliance with the request of the Committee of the Essex County 
Union that he should prepare a volume on the Essex Ejected Ministers, 
he wrote his "Annals of Evangelical Nonconformity in Essex," an 
enduring monument of painstaking labour. He also contributed a 
noteworthy article in the " British Quarterly Review " (1870), on 
" Nonconformity under the Plantagenets." During his later years he 
contributed numerous articles to the " Dictionary of Christian Bio- 
graphy," edited by Dr. Smith and Prof. Wace. He left behind him 
20 volumes of classified manuscripts, that will be of great service to 
future labourers in the same fields. His eldest son. Dr. Thomas 
William Rhys Davids (born 18415), is the author of several works on 
Buddhism. {Congreg. Year Book, 1885 ; Harmsworth.) 

Davie, William R., 1756-1820, a general in the American army, 
though born in England, was said to be of Welsh descent. He went 
to the United States when five years of age, and was adopted by an 
uncle in South Carolina, and graduated at Princeton, in 1776. He 
soon afterwards commenced the study of the law, but abandoned it for 
the field ; and in 1779 he was attached to Pulaski's Legion as lieutenant 
of horse. He headed the cavalry troop at the engagements of Hanging 
Rock, Ramsey's Mills, and Wahab's plantation, and was commissary to 
General Green at the battles of Guilford, Hob Kirk's Hill, and Ninety- 
six. In 1786 he resumed the profession of the law, having married 
into the family of General Allen Jones. He was a member of the 
convention which formed the Federal Constitution in 1787, and was 
chosen governor of North Carolina in 1799. He was sent as envoy to 
France in 1799 or 1800, and died in 1820. {Wales and its People ; 
Distinguished Americans). See Sparks' American Biography, vol. 15, 
second series. 

Davies, Benjamin, 1739-1817, head master of Abergavenny 
College, was a distinguished scholar. He was afterwards appointed 
classical master at Homerton College. His health failing him, he 

Rkv. Tuomas Chaei.e.s B.A. (Bai.a), 1755-1K14. 

.A.,., -• 



Kev. Benjamin Wuj.iam, d. 1892. 


removed to Bath, where he formed a close friendship with the Rev. 
Mr. Jay. He published a number of sermons, and a pamphlet, under 
the title of " Primitive Candour," controverting the teaching of Dr. 
Priestley. {Evangelical Magazine, 1819 ; Enivog. C). See Y 
Brython, vol. 2, second edition, p. 4:55. 

Davies, Benjamin, 1814-1875, a Baptist minister and author, 
was born at Wern, near St. Clears, Carmarthenshire, and preached his 
first sermon when he was not yet 16. He entered Bristol Collegp in 
18,)(), and afterwards proceeded to Dublin, Glasgow, and Germany, 
where he graduated Ph.D. at Leipsic. The degi'ee of LL.D. from 
Dublin was afterwards conferred upon him. For six years he had 
charge, for the Canada Missionary Society, of its new institution at 
Montreal for training Baptist ministers. In 1844 he returned to 
England to take the theological tutorship and presidency of Stepney 
College, a post which he held for two years and a half. Whilst at 
Stepney he edited Dr. Robinson's " Harmony of the Gospels " for the 
Religious Tract Society. In 1847 he accepted a professorship at 
McGill College, Montreal, and spent the next 10 years there in 
congenial labour. He was a ripe and perfect scholar in the Hebrew 
and its cognate languages when he became, in 18.57, classical and 
Oriental tutor at the old Stepney College, just then removed to 
Regent's Park. During this period he engaged largely in literary 
work, writing or editing the notes to several of the Epistles in the 
Religious Tract Society's Annotated Paragraph Bible ; assisting the 
Dean of Canterbury in the preparation of his great Syriac Lexicon; 
and preparing successive editions of his own admirable " Student's 
Grammar " and " Student's Lexicon of the Hebrew Language." He 
was a member of the Old Testament Company of Revisers. {Baptist 
Handbook, 1876). See Baptist, 30th July, 1875. 

Davies, Catherine, 1773-1841, authoress of "Eleven years' 
residence in the family of Murat, King of Naples," was born at 
Beaumaris, Anglesey, being one of a family of thirty-three children. 
After residing in Liverpool, and subsequently in London, she went to 
France in 1802 as governess. A few months later she took a similar 
situation under Madame Mauprat, the second sister of Bonaparte. She 
retained her position when Napoleon declared Murat and his wife 
King and Queen of Italy. In her volume above referred to she 
describes, in a very interesting manner, the inner life of Murat and 
his family during their struggles, and her book contains many facts 
not to be found elsewhere. Miss Davies settled at Beaumaris in 1818, 
and two years later she was summoned to London as a witness in the 
impending trial of Queen Caroline, but was not called. For some 
years her health was failing, and in 1841 Messrs. How & Parsons 
issued by subscription the " Eleven Years' Residence " for her sole 
benefit. {Diet. Nat. Biog.). See Eleven Years'' Residence, &c.; 
Monthly Review, Nov., 1841, p. 349 ; Literary Gazette, No. 1290, 
8th Oct., 1841, p. 651. 

Davies, Charles, -1891, an engineer and agriculturist, was 

a son of Thomas Davies, Castle Street, Montgomery. He was for 


many years associated with his brother-in-law, Mr. B. Piercy, civil 
engineer, in all his engineering works in Italy, and was a 
resident there for upwards of twenty years. The last few years of 
his life he devoted to agricultural pursuits, having purchased extensive 
estates in the Island of Sardinia, and devoted much time, energy, and 
capital to their improvement, for which he was created Chevalier 
of the Order of San Maurizio of the Kingdom of Italy by the 
King. Numerous medals were conferred upon him by the various 
Industrial Societies of the Island. (Bye-Gones, 1891, p. 52). 

Davies, Dan Isaac, 1839-1887, Inspector of Schools and 
author, began life as a pupil teacher at Llandovery British Schools, 
Carmarthenshire, where he served an apprenticeship of five years. 
He afterwards took charge of the Park British Schools, Aberdare. In 
1869 he became the successor of Dr. Evan Davies as headmaster of 
the Normal College, Swansea, and two years afterwards was offered 
the post of assistant Inspector of Schools under Mr. Joseph Boustead. 
He was afterwards promoted to be sub-inspector, being one of the 
first elementary teachers chosen for this distinction. In 1882 he was 
promoted to the Merthyr district. He took a very active interest in 
the Society for utilising the Welsh Language and similar organizations, 
and was the author of " Tair Miliwn o Gymry Dwy-Ieithawg mewn 
Can' Mlyuedd" (Denbigh; Gee & Son, 1885). (Bye-Gones, 1887, 
p. 320 ; Cardiff Catalogue). See Wales and her Language, p. 138. 

Davies, Daniel, 1797 -]87(), a Baptist minister, was born near 
Llandovery, Carmarthenshire. His parents were Calvinistic Methodists, 
and he joined that body, and, in 1818, began to preach. Three years 
later he changed his views, and joined the Baptists. The sniall-pox 
deprived him of his eyesight when he was about six years of age, but 
through his superior mental powers and flowing eloquence he became 
a most powerful and popular preacher, and his popularity continued 
undiminished to the close of his long life. In 1826 he succeeded the 
Rev. Joseph Harris (Gomer) as pastor at Bethesda, Swansea. In 1855 
he removed to Cardigan, and, later on, to Aberavon. His minute 
acquaintance with Scripture, and the variety of subjects with which 
he was familiar in many branches of knowledge contributed in no 
small degree to his popularity. When in the great " hwyl " on a 
platform, with some twelve or fifteen thousand persons before him, 
the effect produced by his preaching was sometimes almost over- 
powering. His memoir, from the pen of his son-in-law, the Rev. 
John Rowlands, Llanelly, with a selection of his works, appeared in 
1879 (Llanelly : J. Davies & Co.). He was buried at Swansea. 
(Rees' Hist. ; Baptist Handbook, 1877.) 

Davies, Daniel Thomas, 1852-1899, a self-made man, was 
born at New Quay, Cardiganshire. Leaving home at an early age, he 
spent a short period at Rhymney, Glamorganshire, emigrated to the 
States in 1869, worked three years in the coal mines of Pennsylvania 
and Ohio, and finally settled in the silver mines of Colorado. In 
1803 he established the Davies Packing Company, of which he was 



sole proprietor. In November, 1897, he was elected for two years to a 
seat in the State Legislature of Minnesota. {The Cambrian.) 

Davies, David, 1745-1827, a Presbyterian minister and poet, 
was born at Goetre, in the parish of Llangybi, Cardiganshire. He 
finished his education at the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen, and 
afterwards became an Arminian preacher. He first settled at Ciliau 
Aeron, but subsequently removed to Castle Howel, with which place 
his name has ever since been associated. Here he established a very 
celebrated school, in which many eminent men received their early 
training. He was an excellent classical scholar. As a poet his 
imitative faculties were certainly stronger than his creative powers, 
and it is as a translator into Welsh that he will be remembered, for in 
that capacity he has never been excelled. His translations, as a rule, 
are quite equal, if not sometimes even superior, to the originals. His 
most successful versions are those of Gray's " Elegy," Cowper's 
" Alexander Selkirk," some passages from Young's " Night Thoughts," 
and Mrs. Barbauld's " Address to the Deity." A volume of his 
poetical works was published under the title of " Telyn Dewi." 
{Diet. Em. W. ; Y Cymmrndor, vol. 10, p. 59). See Llyfrydd. y 
Cymry ; Enivog. C. ; and his Welsh Biography, by Tau Gimel (the 
Rev. Thomas Griffith) (Carmarthen : J. Evans, 1828); Y Traethodydd, 
1900, p. 280 ; Ihid, 1848 ; Nodweddiad y Cymry, p. 258 ; Y Geninen, 
1898, p. 288 ; Cymru, vol. 23, p. 49 et seq. ; Rees' Hist. Noncon. ; 
Christian Reformer, 1861, p. 209 ; Memoir in 187(5 edition of Telyn 
Dewi ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Y Geninen, 1886, p. 113. 

Davies, David, 1763-1816, one of the most powerful pulpit 
orators of his day, was a native of Llangeler, Carmarthenshire, and, as 
his parents were not in affluent circumstances, the education he 
received was very meagre. He joined the Independent Church at 
Pencader, and soon attracted notice by his extraordinary gift in 
prayer. He was then induced to commence preaching, and his 
eloquence was such that multitudes of people assembled to hear him 
wherever he went. In 1795 he became pastor of three congregations 
near Swansea, and his labours there, and also in the town of Swansea, 
were signally successful. It is impossible to form an exact estimate 
of the amount and variety of his labours, and of the service he 
rendered to the cause of religion. His style of preaching was especially 
adapted to alarm the unconverted, and to win them to the love of 
religion ; and in these respects he was made extensively useful. He 
began to publish a quarto edition of the Welsh Bible, but died before 
the work was completed. He also composed about 80 Welsh hymns, 
some of which are among the finest compositions in the language. 
{Bees' Hist.) See Hanes Lien. G. 

Davies, David, 1778-abt. 1823, a clergyman and author, was 
born at Ty Uchaf, Mallwyd, Montgomeryshire, and completed his 
education at Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1798. After 
serving as curate at Llandyssil, he received the living of Llany- 
mawddwy. He published several essays, among them " Psalmody " 
in 1807, " Peace and the Bad Harvest " in 1818, and " The Advantage 


of Public Worship" in 1819. In 1823 there appeared a volume 
containing 21 of his sermons, together with a memoir. {Enwog. C. ; 
Mont. Worthies). 

Da vies, David, 1789-1861, a Presbyterian minister, was born 
in the parish of Llandysilio, Cardiganshire. He began to preach at 
Pensarn in 1814, and in 1837 emigrated to Bloomfield township, 
Jackson County, Ohio. There he preached to the Welsh settlers, 
whom he organized into two churches, with places of worship and 
flourishing Sunday Schools. His ministerial connection in America 
was with the Presbyterian Church, but he ministered mostly to 
Congregational Churches. He spent the last five years of his life in 
Blue Earth County, Minnesota, where he assisted in forming a 
Congregational Church. He was a great reader, a close thinker, and 
a sound reasoner ; a man of strong convictions and of unswerving 
loyalty to his principles. {Cymry llinnesota). 

Davies, David, 1791-1864, a well-known Congregational minister 
and author, was born at Aberayron, Cardiganshire. His father, who 
was a well-to-do farmer, gave him a good education. After spending 
some years at Carmarthen College, he accepted a call to Carnarvon, 
where he was ordained in 1813. Two years later, he removed to 
Panteg and Peniel, near Carmarthen. He was subsequently ap- 
pointed to the chair of theology at Carmarthen College, which 
he tilled with marked success for 21 years. He was an excellent 
Greek and Hebrew scholar, and a very acceptable preacher. He 
wrote expository notes on some of the Epistles, and on the Book 
of Revelation, for the Family Bible of the Rev. D. Davies, 
Swansea, and published several essays and sermons. He was 
also editor of the magazine known as " Y Tywysydd." {Enwog. C). 
See Enivogion Sir Aherteifl, p. 15 ; Banes Lien. G. 

Davies, Sir David, 1793-186.5, was a native of South Wales. 
He studied for the medical profession, and after practising for some 
time at Hampton, Middlesex, he was appointed physician to 
William IV. and Queen Adelaide. He married a daughter of the 
Rev. John Williams, Ystradmeurig, and died at Lucca, in Italy. He 
was knighted by Queen Victoria soon after her accession to the 
throne. {Enwog. C). 

Davies, David, 1794-1861, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was a native of Abercowarch, Merionethshire. He was ordained in 
1848, and soon became a most eloquent and popular preacher, being 
known far and wide as " David Davies, Cowarch." He had a style 
peculiarly his own, and his influence over his hearers was very 
remarkable. An interesting sketch of his career, from the pen of 
the Rev. Francis Jones, appears at p. 133 of the " Traethodydd " for 
1869. {Enwog. Meirion.). 

Davies, David, 1818-1890, a self-made man, was born at 
Draintewion, Llandinam, Montgomeryshire, of humble parents. His 
father could not afford to give him much education, and he had to 
start life on his own account at a very early age. In his twentieth 


year, the support of his mother and eight younger brothers and sisters 
devolved upon him. He became a railway contractor, and his success 
in his various undertakings was marvellous. The rapidity and com- 
pleteness of his grasp of details, and his promptness in making up his 
mind, were striking features of his character. He afterwards turned 
his attention to coal-mining, and in one year made a profit of nearly 
£100,000 from the well-known Ocean collieries. In 1874 he was 
elected member of Parliament for the Cardigan Boroughs, which he 
continued to represent until they were merged in the county in 1885. 
His liberality to all religious, educational, and benevolent objects was 
almost unbounded ; in one year his contributions amounted to £16,000. 
His high Christian character, deep religious convictions, stability and 
firmness of mind, were prominent features of his character. A bronze 
statue was erected to his memory at Llandinam, and also at Barry 
Dock. {Mont. Worthies.) See Y TmethodydcK 18H0, p. 413. 

Davies, David, 1823 - 1865, vicar of Dylife, was the son of Mr, 
Davies, a fanner, living at Clochfaen Isaf, Llangurig, where he was 
born. Having for some time been employed as a solicitor's clerk at 
Llanidloes, he determined to forsake the law and enter the church. 
In 1848 he was ordained deacon, and appointed to the curacy of 
Llanwnog. There he laboured assiduou.sly in his sacred calling, 
employing his leisure time in investigating the antiquities of Caersws 
and the neighbourhood. In 185;5 he was appointed one of the local 
secretaries for Montgomeryshire of the Cambrian Archaeological 
Association, and at the Meeting of that Society held at Ruthin in 1854 
he read a paper on " Roman Remains discovered at Caersws." In 1856 
he was promoted to the incumbency of the newly-formed ecclesiastical 
district of Dylife. He was a zealous and intelligent antiquary. 
{Mont. Worthies.) 

Davies, David Charles, 1826-1891, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister and author, was born at Aberystwyth, and completed his 
education at the University College, London, where he graduated B.A. 
in 1847, and M.A. two years later. He was originally intended for 
the bar, but relinquished that intention, and in 1852 became pastor at 
Builth. His subsequent pastorates were Liverpool, Builth (a second 
time), Newtown, and London. In 1876 he removed to Bangor, 
and on the death of Principal William Howells, in 1888, he was 
prevailed upon to accept the post of Principal of Trevecca College, 
and his advent there proved to be a bright chapter in his history, 
although a short one. By the many qualifications with which 
he was endowed he was clearly marked out for the position. 
His attainments as a scholar and a divine of the highest order, his 
experience for nearly 40 years as teacher in the Bible classes and 
lecturer upon various aspects of Christianity, his character as a severe 
and conscientious student himself, his status amongst the foremost 
preachers of the country — all these led the denomination to point to 
him as the man for the post. He wrote "Yr Eglwys" (The Church) ; 
"Lectures on the Inspiration of the Bible": "Addresses on Baptism 
and the Bible "; "A Commentary on the First Epistle of St. .John," Ac. 


Hie biography and a selection of his sermons, under the editorship of 
the Rev. E. Wynne Parry, appeared in 1896. i^Dict. Nat. Biog. ; Cardiff 
Catalogue ; Historical Handbook.) See Y TraethodyM, 1881-2 ; Ihid. 
1888 ; Ibid. 1893, pp. 181 and 378 ; Y Geninen, Mar. 1892. p. 1; Young 
Wales, 1902, p. 60 ; Y Drysorfa, 1891, p. 441. 

Davies, David Christopher, 1827-1885, geologist and mining 
engineer, was born at Oswestry, of humble parents, and was entirely 
self-educated. He was brought up to the trade of an ironmonger, but 
acquired an excellent knowledge of the rocks of his native district, 
and about 1852 began to practise, with considerable success, as a 
mining engineer. He carried off several Eisteddfod prizes for essays 
on geological subjects. He was also a lay preacher, and a volume of 
his sermons was published. He published treatises on " Slate and 
Slate-quarrying" and "Metalliferous Minerals and Mining." He took 
full advantage of the commercial prosperity which culminated about 
1873, and his success as a mining engineer was insured by his thorough 
self-training and his high reputation for integrity. Between 1880 and 

1885 several large quarries were opened, under his direction, in the 
south of France ; also one in Germany. He was a frequent contri- 
butor to the " British Architect," the " British Quarterly," and 
several mining journals. He left incomplete an elaborate treatise 
upon the "Geology of North Wales," on which he spent much time 
and trouble, and which he intended to be his principal work. {Diet. 
Nat. Biog.). See Quar. Journal Geol. Soc, vol. 43, p. 43 ; Athenceum, 
26th Sept., 1885 ; Times, 24th Sept., 1885. 

Davies, David Stephen, 1841 - 1898, a Congregational preacher 
and author, was born at Plas Marl, near Swansea, his father being the 
Rev. J. Jeremiah Davies. At an early age he became a pupil at the 
Normal College, Swansea, where he distinguished himself as a student. 
He lost his father when he was thirteen years of age, and went to 
Aberdare in search of employment. He worked for some years as an 
engine-driver, and in 1857 emigrated to America. Here he commenced 
preaching, receiving ministerial training at Wyoming. In 1875 he 
returned tn Wales, and accepted a call from Bangor, leaving there in 

1886 for Carmarthen. He was an eloquent preacher, and an ardent 
temperance advocate. He wrote several books, and one— on baptism — 
attracted considerable attention. He devised a system of shorthand, 
which, however, met with but little success. He acted as editor of the 
Celt, a weekly newspaper, almost from its first appearance. (C. & D. 
Herald; Y Gymro; Congreg. Year Book, 1899.) See Y Geninen, Mar. 
1899, p. 47 ; ibid, 1899, p. 56 et seq. 

Davies, Ebenezer, 1808-1882, a Congregational minister, was 
born at Ruthin, North Wales. Early in life he removed to Liverpool, 
afterwards entering Rotherham College. In 1838 he was ordained 
pastor of the Tabernacle Chapel, Stockport, and in one j'ear the church 
doubled its membership. In answer to an urgent call from the London 
Missionary Society he went out to succeed the Rev. John Wray, at 
New Amsterdam, Berbice, where his labours were crowned with 
abundant success. In 1848 he returned to England, and became the 


minister of a large chapel in what was then a new neighbourhood in 
London, where he laboured for 24 years. He was a man of great 
natural powers, but the gifts of nature had been augmented by long 
and studious culture. His literary and scientific knowledge was 
extensive. In addition to a volume of missionary travels, he published 
a volume of sermons on the " Ruins of Bible Cities." Mr. Davies, who 
was elected F.G.S., died at Ruthin, and was buried at Rhiw, Den- 
bighshire. {Congreg. Year Book, 1883.) 

Davies, Ed'ward, 175G-LS31, a clergyman and author, was born 
in the parish of Llanfarth, Radnorshire. When IS years of age he 
was sent to the Grammar School at Brecknock, where he formed a life- 
long friendship with Theophilus Jones, who was one of his school- 
fellows. In 1779 he received the curacy of Bacton, in Herefordshire, 
where he had to serve for a year without any stipend. Soon afterwards 
he removed to the curacies of Dorstoii and Peterchurch, performing 
divine service five times and preaching thrice every Sunday, travelling 
over thirty miles, for £30 a year. He subsequently took charge of 
a grammar school in Gloucestershire, and in 1805 he obtained the 
living of Bishopston, near Swansea. In 1804 he published his " Celtic 
Researches," and in 1809 the " Mythology of the Druids," works which 
have placed him in the front rank as a writer on the history and 
manners of the Ancient Britons. In 1823 his eyesight, which had 
always been impaired, almost entirely failed him. In the following 
year he was elected one of the ten Associates of the Royal Society of 
Literature, which entitled him to a hundred guineas a year. {Diet. 
Em. W.; Camh. Q. Mag., vol. 3, p. 408.) See Hist, of Badnorshire, 
1905, p. 419. 

Davies, Edward, 1796-1857, Congregational minister, was 
born at Ashton, Salop, of Welsh parents. He gave promise in child- 
hood of the scholarship which distinguished him in his manhood. 
He was educated at Wrexham and Chester, and having chosen to 
devote himself to the Nonconformist ministry, he was sent to the 
Llanfyllin Academy, in 1817, where, under the guidance of Dr. 
George Lewis, he soon acquired a knowledge of the principal points 
in divinity, as then held by the Independents. He had not been very 
long at Llanfyllin before he was appointed classical tutor to the 
College, and some time after the removal of that institution to 
Newtown, he became principal of it, and minister of the Congre- 
gational Church in that town. In 1839, the Academy was transferred 
to Brecon, South Wales, and for eighteen years after that he occupied 
the position of classical tutor with great honour and acceptance. 
(Border Counties' Worthies). 

Davies, Edward, 1819-1887, " lolo Trefaldwyn," a poet, 
was born at Moel-y-Froches, near Llanfyllin, Montgomeryshire. In 
his early days, he worked as a miner. He was a good poet, excelling 
in the composition of Englynion and short pieces, particularly 
epitaphs. He won the chair prize at one of the Liverpool Gordotic 
Eisteddfodau, as well as many other prizes at similar gatherings 
elsewhtre. A few years before he died, a collection of his shorter 


poems was published, under the title, " Caneuon lolo Trefaldwyn." 
He was a good singer, and often sang " pennillion " to the accom- 
paniment of the harp. {Mont. Worthies). See Cymru, vol. 3, p. 269. 

Davies, Ed'ward, 1827-1004, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born in New York City. His parents were William and 
Catherine Davies, who had emigrated to America from the neigh- 
bourhood of Bala. He was trained for the ministry under the 
tutorship of the Rev. Morris Rolierts, Remsen ; commenced to preach 
in 1S48 ; and was ordained in 1853. His first pastorate was that 
of the Welsh Congregational Church at Waterville, New York, and 
there he laboured for 17 years. He afterwards had charge of the 
English cause at Oriskany Falls and Deansville, and finally, in 1882, 
succeeded the Rev. Morris Roberts at Remsen. In the same year he 
became editor of " Y Cenhadwr." He ranked among the ablest of 
the Welsh preachers of America, his sermons being distinguished by 
purity of diction and solidity of thought. His contributions to 
Welsh literature were considerable, among his works being, " The 
Life of Llewelyn D. Howell " ; " The Life of Morris Roberts " ; and 
" Grawnion Addfed," a volume of sermons by the principal preachers 
of Wales. His style of composition was vigorous, clear and concise, 
and his articles in the " Cenhadwr " rank among the best ever 
published in that periodical. {Tlw Cambrian, 1896, p. 162 ; Ibid. 
1905, p. 37). 

Davies, Edward, 1852-1898, a philanthropist and inventor, 
was the son of David Davies, of Llandinam (1818-1890, see ante). 
After matriculating at London he joined his father in business, 
assisting him in most of his large undertaking. He was the 
inventor, in conjunction with Mr. Metcalf, of Aberystwyth, of the 
exhaust steam injector, a valuable contrivance for the utilization of 
waste steam, which is now generally applied to stationary steam 
boilers. A member of the Calvinistic Methodist denomination, he 
was a liberal supporter of their missionary and other funds. He 
subscribed £1,000 to Trevecca College, and a like sum to Bala 
College. He was also a liberal donor to the University Colleges of 
Cardiff and Aberystwyth, and at the time of his death was con- 
sidering a draft scheme of scholarships in the Welsh Intermediate 
Schools, in memory of his father, for the county of Montgomery, 
and also for the employees of the Barry Railway Company. His 
son, Mr. David Davies, was returned, without opposition, as member 
of Parliament for Montgomeryshire at the general election of 1906. 
{The Oa^nbrian, 1898, p. 86. See Bye-Gones, 1898, p. 279). 

Davies, Ellis Thomas, 1822-1895, a Congregational minister 
and author, was born at Ty Mawr, Llanuwchllyn, Merionethshire. 
He began his collegiate course at Bala College, then held at Waun- 
llvvyd, under the principalship of the Rev. Michael .Jones, and after 
three years entered Brecon College, where he soon distinguished 
himself as a brilliant scholar. On leaving in 1847, he went to 
serve the churches at Moelfre and St. George, near Abergele, and, 
receiving; a call from them, he was o/daiued on DcL'ember 7ih, 1848. 

I V 

Grifi'itii Davies. 


David HuiniEf. 


The following year he took the church at Abergele under his care, 
and he continued the pastor of the three churches until he resigned 
in 1887. He was an able man and an accomplished scholar, preaching 
in English as fluently as in his native Welsh. He composed several 
pieces of poetry, both in Welsh and English, and published a volume 
of these under the title, " Caniadau." He also translated into Welsh 
that valuable book, " Our Principles," by G. B. Johnson. He served 
the Association of Denbighshire and Flintshire as secretary for many 
years. {Congreg. Year Book, 1896). 

Davies, Evan, 1794-1855, "Eta Delta," a Congregational 
minister and author, was born at Cefn, Llanbrynmair, Montgomery- 
shire. He commenced to preach about 1820, and afterwards spent 
some time at Dr. Lewis' Academy at Llanfyllin. He subsequently 
laboured in the ministry at Llanrwst and at Llanerchymedd, and 
finally at Newmarket, in Flintshire, where he died. He is best 
known as one of the pioneers of total abstinence in Wales. By means 
of lectures, pamphlets, and otherwise, he did much to further the 
temperance cause, and that in spite of much opposition. A testimonial 
was presented to him as '* the first advocate of total abstinence in 
Wales," and this was handed over by him to his church at Llanerch- 
ymedd. He also published several pamphlets on religious subjects. 
(Enwog. C. ; Mo7iL Worthies). See F Traethodydd, 1881, p. 434 ; 
Y Dlwygiad Dirwestol yn Nghymru, by Rev. John Thomas, D.D. ; 
Llawlyfr Dirwestol, introduction (Dolgelley : E. W. Evans, 1891). 

Davies, Evan, 1799-1888, " Myfyr Morganwg," a poet, was a 
native of Glamorgan, and for many years prior to his death resided 
at Pontypridd. He published several works on Druidism, which he 
argued was the true religion. Amongst his works are : " Hynafiaeth 
y Delyn" (Pontypridd: 1860); "Hynafiaeth Aruthrol y Trwn, neu 
Orsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain " (1875); " AmddiflEyniad y Bardd 
Cyfrin i Hynafiaeth y Nod Uchod {/\\) &c. (1885); " Gogoniant 
Hynafol y Cymry " (1865). He engaged in a public debate on 
"Temperance" with John Jones, of Llangollen, in 1842, a report of 
the same being published in pamphlet form (Llanelly : Rees & 
Thomas). By trade he was a watchmaker, but for several years he 
had been unable to work, and lived to a considerable extent on the 
bounty of Lord Bute, who took a kindly interest in him. He was the 
recognized head of the Druids who met periodically around the 
famous rocking-stone at Pontypridd, although his claim to the title 
of Archdruid was vigorously contested by Dr. Price, of LUintrisant. 
{Bye-Gunes, 1888, p, 45 ; Cardiff' Catalogue). 

Davies, Evan, 1801-1850, a surgeon and literary man, was a 
native of Pontypridd, Glamorganshire. He was noted for his generous 
treatment of the poor. In 1827, he commenced to publish his 
"Family Doctor," in English and Welsh, in parallel columns, but only 
three numbers appeared. He was a frequent contributor to " Seren 
Gomer," and published a book on " Unitarianism," which attracted 
considerable notice. I^Enwog. C). 


Davies, Evan, 1805-IS64, a Congregational minister, was born 
at Heugwm, Cardigansliire, and educated at the Neuaddlwyd Academy, 
and at Exeter. He was ordained in 1835, and went out to Penang as 
a missionary to the Chinese, under the auspices of the London 
Missionary Society, but had to return home in four years owing to 
failing health. In 1844 he removed to Richmond, Surrey, where he 
remained for l.T years. He wrote a volume on "China and her 
Spiritual Claims ; " " Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Dyer ; " " Revivals 
in Wales," and other works. {Congregational Year Book, 1865). 
See Old Wales, vol. 1, p. 343. 

Davies, Evan, 1826-1872, a musician, was a native of Llan- 
ycrwys, Carmarthenshire. He received a liberal education, and in 
1842 won a scholarship at the Glasgow University. He remained 
there until he graduated M.A., and in 1858 he received the degree of 
LL.D. He was afterwards appointed head-master of a grammar school 
at Brecon, but subsequently studied for the law. He died, at the age 
of 46, when on the threshold of a promising legal career. He was an 
accomplished musician, and wrote a masterly criticism of " Ystorm 
Tilierias " (Rev. E. Stephen) to the Dysgedydd. He acted as musical 
adjudicator at the principal Eisteddfodau of South Wales for many 
years, and did much to foster a taste for classical music. {B. 
Cerddorion Cymreig). 

Davies, Gethin, 1846-1896, a Baptist minister, was born in 
the village of Aberdulais, near Neath, Glamorganshire, and was the 
only son of a foreman at a local tinplate works. When he was about 
six years of age, his parents removed to Landore, near Swansea. He 
received his early education at Hafod British Schools, where he after- 
wards acted as assistant teacher. He commenced preaching in 1863, 
and three years later was admitted into the Bristol Baptist College, and 
here he remained for four years. He passed the intermediate B.Sc. 
examination at the University of London in 1869, but instead of 
completing his degree, he applied, in 1870, for the position of classical 
tutor at the North Walts Baptist College, then located at Llangollen, 
which he secured. In 1883, oa the death of the Revd. Dr. Hugh Jones, 
he was appointed principal. He filled this post for nine years at 
Llangollen, and for four years after the removal of the college to Bangor. 
He received the degree of D.D. from William Jewell College, Missouri. 
He had a large share in the building of chapels, and became one of the 
leading ministers of the connection. (^Baptist Handbook, 1897). See 
Y Geninen, 1896, p. 185. 

Davies, Griffith, 1788-1855, the actuary, was born at the foot of 
the Cilgwyn mountain, near Carnarvon. He was brought up as a quarry- 
man, and was about 17 years old before he knew even the numera- 
tion table ; but so fond was he of figures that he devoted part of his 
meal-times at the quarry to arithmetical operations with an iron pencil 
on the slates he had to make. After spending some time at a school in 
Carnarvon, kept by the Rev. Evan Richardson, he made his way to 
London, arriving there in 1809, without friends, and with a very 
imperfect knowledge of English. He found employment in a school. 


where he became usher. Here he paid special attention to mathematica, 
and so great was the progress he made that in 1822 he was appointed 
consulting actuary to the Guardian Assurance Company. Soon after- 
wards he was employed in actuarial matters by the East India Company, 
the Bank of England, and various other societies and companies. He 
was a Fellow of the Royal Society, and other learned societies. He 
was the author of " A Key to Bonnycastle's Trigonometry," 1814 ; 
" Life Contingencies," 1825 ; and a work on " Annuities." {Old 
Karnarvon.) See Assurance, May & July, 1855, pp. 337-48 ; Walford's 
Jtisurance Cyclopedia, vol .2, pp. 72-4 ; Gentleman's Magazine, May, 
1855, p. 534 ; Times, 26th March, 1855, p. 7 ; Pink's Clerkenwell, 1881 
edit., pp. 705-8 ; Diet. Nat. Biog ; Y Geninen, 1897, p. 275 ; Cambrian 
Journal, 1855, p. 132 ; Cytnrii, vol. 8, p. 93. 

Davies, Henry, 1696-1766, a Congregational minister, was a 
native of Carmarthenshire. He established a cause at Cymmer, near 
Pontypridd, and became its first pastor. He rendered excellent 
service as an itinerary preacher in South Wales. Two of his letters to 
Howell Harris, wTitten in 1738, which throw a good deal of light on 
the state of religion in Wales in those days, are given in " Enwogion 
Cymru," p. 201. {Enwog. C.) See Rees' History. 

Davies, Henry, 1785-1862, a Baptist minister, of Llangloffan, in 
Pembrokeshire, began to preach at nineteen or twenty years of age 
He spent two years at Abergavenny College, and in 1811 was ordained 
as co-pastor with his venerable father over the church at Llan- 
gloffan. Here he continued till his death. He preached the Gospel 
without fee or reward ; for twenty-eight years he was secretary of the 
Pembrokeshire Baptist Association, and was one of the chief instru- 
ments in the establishment of the college at Haverfordwest. His 
liberality and large-heartedness were as conspicuous as his other 
excellent qualities. With his own hands he distributed, at three 
different times, no less than four thousand pounds to different 
charities and institutions. He was lamented as "the last of the 
Pembrokeshire Patriarchs." {Baptist Handbook, 1863). 

Davies, Henry Naunton, 1827-1899, a surgeon, was a 
native of the Rhondda Valley, Glamorganshire. He was privately 
educated in Swansea, eventually proceeding to Guy's Hospital. He 
took up his residence at Forth, in his native county, and lived to 
enjoy a very extensive practice, which increased with the remarkable 
development of the coalfield. He was surgeon to the Tynewydd 
Colliery during the memorable inundation in 1877, and for the 
zeal and bravery which he then displayed, he was presented with 
some valuable plate from the Mansion House Fund, and a gold 
medal from the British Medical Association, he being the first gold 
medallist of that Association. {The Cambrian, 1899, p. 377). 

Davies, Howell, 1719-1770, a clergyman, was a native of 
Pembrokeshire, and began to preach in an awakening manner about 
the same time as Howell Harries and Daniel Rowlands. He "was 
a Boanerges, and mere formalists could not bear the faithful manner 
in which he proclaimed the salvation of Jesus." For some time the 


largest churches were open to him, and thousands flocked to hear him. 
He preached in every part of Wales, and many parts of England, and 
yet succeeded, not without repeated annoyances, in retaining his 
livings in the Established Church. He has a name among the 
" mighties " of Wales, both as reformer and preacher, and has been 
most appropriately termed " the Apostle of Pembrokeshire." In later 
years, he chose the town of Haverfordwest as the centre of his labours, 
and thereat built the edifice known as " The Room of the Tabernacle." 
Fully alive to his great responsibilities, and the realities of the world 
to come, his zeal in the Master's cause, and his efforts for the salvation 
of souls, knew no bounds. {Evangelical Magazine, 1814 ; Bees' 
Historii ; Historical Handbook). 

Davies, Hugh, 17.'39- 1821, the naturalist, was the son of Lewis 
Davies, rector of Llandyfrydog, Anglesey. He was educated at Beau- 
maris, and afterwards entered Jesus College, Oxford, where he took 
the degree of B.A. In 1778 he was preferred to the living of 
Beaumaris, and nine years later removed to Aber, near Bangor. 
As a naturalist he stood in the front rank, and in 1790 was elected a 
fellow of the Linnaean Society. He assisted Pennant in the Faunula of 
the second edition of his " Indian Zoology," published in 1792, and also 
supplied him botanical information for the " Tours in Wal^s." His 
"Botany of Anglesey," published in 1813 (London: W. Marchant), is 
an excellent production, and remains the standard work on the subject. 
He also wrote a small handbook entitled " Arts and Sciences in 
Miniature " (Aberystwyth : James & Williams, 1811). He resigned 
the living of Aber in 1816, and died five years later at Beaumaris. 
{Diet. Eyn. W.; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Davies, Jacob, 1816-1849, a missionary, was born at Cefnmawr, 
near Newtown, of humble parents, and was a spinner by trade. He 
joined the Baptist denomination, and was publicly baptised in April, 
1835, and in 1837 began to preach. In 1844, he offered himself, and 
was accepted, as a missionary, Ceylon being assigned to him as his field 
of labour. He worked hard and successfully in that island for five 
years, and applied himself with so much assiduitj' to the study of 
Cingalese that he became, according to the then Governor of the island, 
the best Cingalese scholar of the day. His health, however, gave way, 
and he died after a short illness, at the early age of 33. {Munt. 

Davies, James, 1644-1722, "lago ab Dewi," a poet and 
antiquary, was a native of Llandyssul, Cardiganshire, and, at an early 
age, joined the Independent cause, which wa.^ then under the charge 
of Stephen Hughes. He lived for a number of years at Pencader, 
and in the course of time moved to the pariah of Llanllawddog, 
Carmarthenshire, where he died and was buried. He rendered 
valuable service to the cause of religion by translating into Welsh 
over a dozen tracts and sermons by Matthew Henry, John Bunyan, 
Bishop Webb and others. He was also a poet of some merit, and 
some of his compositions appeared in " Blodau Dyf ed " (1824), and 
in a collection of songs, entitled " Awenydd," published by Peter 


Evans, at Carnarvon. He had no equal in those days as a writer 
of epigrams, serious and humorous ; many of these are to be found in 
" Flores Poetarum Britanuicorum " (1710). {Banes Lien. G. ; The 
Cambrian, l'.H)4, p. 132 ; Cambrian Biugraphxj ; History of the 
Baptists, by the Rev. Josiah Thomas). See Emvog. y Ffydd ; Lhjfrydd. 
y Cymry ; Y Brython, vol. 4, p. l.^.^ ; Enivog. C. ; lolo MSS., p.p. 
94, 193 and 222 ; Cymru, vol. 23, p. 225 ; Y Brython, vol. 5, p. Gt; for 
a poem by him ; Y Geninen, 1895, p. 98. 

Da vies, James Griffiths, 1838-1890, a Baptist minister, 
■was born near Solva, Pembrokeshire. Baptized when 13 years of age, 
he was received into Haverfordwest College in 1859. In 18G2 he 
settled at Beulah Church, where he ministered for 27 years. As 
a preacher he was endowed with rare abilities, and he became one of 
the best known public men in his denomination throughout Wales. 
His profound thought, penetrating judgment, intense earnestness, and 
glowing eloquence commanded the admiration of all who attended his 
ministrations. He was remarkably zealous in the cause of civil 
liberty and religious equality. {Baptist Handbook, 1890). 

Davies, James Phillip, 1839-1906, a Baptist minister and 
author, was born at Llanbadarnfawr, Cardiganshire. He entered 
Haverfordwest College in 1860, and three years later was ordained at 
Puncheston. He served as pastor at Bethlehem and Salem, Haver- 
fordwest, and afterwards at Ebenezer and Pennel, Cardiganshire, re- 
moving in 1878 to take charge of the cause at Tonyfelin, Caerphilly, 
a church associated with the name of Christmas Evans. He was an 
antiquary and writer of note. He wrote pamphlets on " The History 
of the Baptists in the reign of Queen Victoria " and " The position of 
the Baptists in comparison with other denominations." He frequently 
contributed to the connexional magazines, and often competed at the 
National Eisteddfod, his greatest effort being a " History of Welsh 
Literature" at Cardiff in 1883, when he was adjudged second to 
Gweirydd ap Rhys for a prize of £100. {The Western Mail). 

Davies, John, — abt. 1730, the genealogist, was born at Rhiwlas, 
in the parish of Llansilin, Denbighshire. His " Display of Heraldry," 
published in 1716 (Shrewsbury ; J. Roderick), which contains a record 
of the pedigrees of many families in North Wales, is a work of 
considerable value. His name is attached, in attestation of its correct- 
ness, to Lewie Dwnn's Heraldic Visitation of the Counties of Anglesey, 
Carnarvon and Merioneth ; published by the Welsh MSS. Society. 
Upon his death his MSS. were taken possession of by his nephew, 
John Reynolds, of Waen, and they were published by him, in 1735, 
in a somewhat crude form, under the title "Book of Pedigrees." 
{Emvog. C). See Diet. Em. W.; Cardiff Catalogue. 

Davies, John, 1718-1812, a soldier, who was first cousin to 
the Duke of Norfolk, was descended from the Davies family of 
Llanarch, North Wales. He took his degree at Cambridge about 1738, 
and soon afterwards joined the army, becoming captain of the Royals. 
He served with distinction at the battles of Dettingen, Fontenoy, and 
dui-ing all the German war. He was selected to succeed Wolfe as 


aide-de-camp to the celebrated General Hawley. In 1762 the King, 
at the request of William, Duke of Cumberland, was graciously pleased 
to permit his retiring on full pay. In 1775 he purchased a house at 
Twickenham, where he died at the age of 91, highly esteemed by all 
who had the honour of his acquaintance, amongst whom were some 
of the tirst personages in the kingdom. {Gent. Mag., August, 1812). 

Davies, John, 1772-18.55, the missionary to Tahiti (probably 
the first modern Welsh missionary to the heuthen), was born in the 
parish of Llanfihangel, Montgomeryshire. His father was a poor 
weaver, but struggled hard to give his son the best education he could 
afford. After leaving school, young Davies for some time himself 
kept a day school at Llanrhaiadr-Mochnant, and subsequently at 
Llanwyddelan. At this time, he was accepted by the London 
Missionary Society as one of its missionaries, and in February, 1800, 
was despatched to Tahiti, one of the South Sea Islands, where, after 
more than a year's voyage, he arrived on the 10th July, 1801. He 
published several works in the native language of Tahiti, including 
several portions of the Bible. He also wrote many hymns in the same 
language, some of them being translations from the Welsh. {Mont. 

Davies, John, 1781-1845, a Wesleyan preacher, was a native of 
Llanergain, Flintshire. He was almost entirely self-educated. He 
commenced to preach in 1804, and soon became one of the leading 
men of the connexion. For the last twenty-one years of his life he 
kept a minute account of the journeys he undertook and of the sermons 
he preached. During that period he travelled 9t),905 miles. He 
published a Catechism for Sunday School children, under the title of 
" Cydymaith Buddiol." He spent the last few years of his life in 
South Wales, and died at Merthyr Tydfil. {Enwog. C.) 

Davies, John, 1784-1864, " Brychan," a poet and prose writer, 
was born at Blaina, in Monmouthshire, and spent the last fifty years of 
his life at Tredegar. He won many Eisteddfodic prizes for prose and 
poetry, and frequently acted as adjudicator. He was editor of the 
" Udydd Cymreig," and various other publications relating to the 
Oddfellows. He published two volumes of poems (Merthyr : T. 
Price, 1827 and 1835.) {Enwog. C. ; Cardiff Catalogue). See Hanea 
Lien. G. 

Davies, John, 1795-1861, a canon in the diocese of Durham, was 
born in the parish of Llanddewi-brefi, of well-to-do parents. He 
completed his education at Cambridge, where he graduated B.D. in 
1830, and D.D. in 1844. He was preferred to the living of St. Pancras, 
Chichester, and in 1840 accepted the living of Gateshead, being after- 
wards appointed honorary canon. He was a prolific writer, his most 
important work being " An Estimate of the Human mind, being a 
Philosophical Enquiry into the legitimate application and extent of its 
leading faculties, as connected with the Principles and the Obligations 
of the Christian Religion." This was a very valuable work, and met 
with a ready sale, a second edition being called for. {Emvog. C.) 


Davies, John, 1804-1884, a Congregational minister and author 
was born at Castell-y-geifr Farm, Llanarth, South Wales. He had a 
great desire to preach when very young, and when he began exercising 
his gifts as a preacher, he attracted considerable attention. He 
entered the college at Newtown in 1822, and remained there for 
four years. He accepted an invitation to the pastorate at Glandwr, 
Pembrokeshire, as buccessor of the Kev. W. Grilliths, scholar and 
hymnologist, and was ordained there in 1827. He prepared for the 
pulpit with great diligence and care ; faithfully attended and frequently 
took part in the Quarterly Meetings, and yet pursued his studies in the 
classics, and in the Hebrew, Syriac, and Chaldee tongues, in all of 
which he was quite at home. He was admired for his learning in the 
Old and New Testament languages, and recognised as an authority on 
Biblical criticism. His services were in great request as a preacher, 
both in English and Welsh. He published, in the Welsh language, 
a new translation of the Minor Prophets, with an exposition, which 
is a treasury of learning. He was for some time a joint-editor of " Y 
Dysgedydd," and was also a frequent contributor to other periodicals. 
(Congreg. Year Book, 1(S85.) 

Davies, John, 1806-1886, a Congregational minister and author, 
was born at Carnttrwd Farm, near Carmarthen. He attended the 
Penygraig Independent chapel, and there commenced to preach before 
he was fifteen years of age. In due time he was admitted into the 
Presbyterian College, Carmarthen, then under the principalship of the 
Rev. D. Peters, where he distinguished himself as a very successful 
student. At the termination of his studies, he accepted a call to his 
mother church at Penygraig, and was there ordained in 182'.). In five 
years he removed to Cwmaman, in Carmarthenshire, and there remained 
till his death. As a preacher he was fluent, eloquent, and powerful — 
sometimes terrible. He was one of the most popular preachers of his 
day in the Principality. One who was well acquainted with him and 
had frequent opportunities of hearing his preaching, said, " I never 
knew anyone like him who could storm a congregation in spite of all 
difficulties, and sweep everything before him." In 18.54 he published 
a Welsh book containing " Short Meditations for Every Day of the 
Year" (Llanelly: D. Rees and J. Williams), and wrote a biographical 
sketch of Matthias Maurice, which was printed in the third edition 
of the Welsh translation of "Social Religion" (Carmarthen: W.Thomas, 
1865). {Congreg. Year Book, 1S87 ; Cardiff' Catalogue.) 

Davies, John, 1821-1889, " loan Idris," a poet, was born at Bala, 
Merionethshire, his father being John Davies, a bookbinder and 
stationer. He was educated at the Dolgelly Grammar School, and at 
an early age came in contact with the Welsh bards " Meurig Idris " 
and " Idris Vychan," who took great interest in him, and taught him 
the rules of Welsh poetry. When he was twenty-one years of age he 
emigrated to Utica, New York. He wrote a good deal of poetry, his 
best-known poem being that on "Y Ddafad Golledig" (The Lost Sheep). 
(Cymry Minnesota.) 


Davies, John, 1823-1874, a Congregational minister, was born 
in the parish of Mothvey, Carmai-thenshire, and in his fifteenth 
year removed to Defynnock, in Brecoushire, to follow a secular 
occupation. At the request of his pastor, the Rev. John Stephens, 
Brychgoed, he began to preach when only a few months over his 
sixteenth year. Soon afterwards he entered a preparatory school at 
Hanover, Monmouthshire, proceeding, in 18-42, to Brecon College. 
He was ordained at Llanelly in 184(), where the church and con- 
gregation soon greatly increased under his stirring and efficient 
ministry. In 1854 he removed to Aberaman, Aberdare, and nine 
years later he accepted an invitation to a more extensive sphere of 
usefulness at Mount Stuart Square, Cardiff. He was the means of 
establishing an English cause in Hannah Street, of which he after- 
wards became pastor. He w;is an exceedingly popular preacher, and 
one of the most efficient ministers of the connexion. He was a very 
able writer, and edited the " Beirniad," a quarterly periodical, from 
its commencement, in 1860, till within two months of his death. 
His " Biography " (Welsh), by the Rev. John Thomas, D.D., Liver- 
pool, and others, was published in 1883. {Congi^eg. Year Book, 187.5). 

Davies, John, 182.5-1904, a Congregational minister, was a 
native of Morriston, near Swansea. In 1851 he was ordained 
to the joint pastorate of Taihirion and Efail Isaf, in the Vale of 
Glamorgan. These churches were six miles apart, with the near 
thickly-populated district of Pentyrch about half-way between 
them, and the young minister was not long settled before he took 
steps to form a church and build a chapel at Bronllwyn Pentyrch, 
which was opened in 1858. He was a member of the committee 
of the Memorial College, Brecon, for many years, and was ever ready 
to encourage and help young men to equip themselves for the 
ministry. He was selected as one of the Union preachers, in 1890, for 
the Congregational Union of Wales, and it was well known that he 
would, years before, have been elected chairman if he had not vetoed 
the suggestion. In 1880 he visited the Welsh churches in America, 
and, upon his return, was presented by the three churches with an 
address, which, strange to say, was prepared by the curate of Llan- 
trisant ; for Mr. Davies, though a militant Free Churchman, was held 
in high esteem by Christians of all denominations, and even Church- 
men did not grudge him his title of " Bishop of the Vale." In 1879 
he published a Welsh History of the Congregational cause in East 
Glamorgan. (Cardiff : T. Roberts). {Congreg. Year Book, 1905 ; 
Cardiff Catalogue). 

Davies, John, 1832-1904, "Gwyneddon," journalist and essayist, 
was a native of Bangor. He became a reporter and a sub-editor on the 
staff' of the " North Wales Chronicle," and when the " Goleuad " was 
first published, in 1869, he was appointed editor. He was a 
voluminous writer to the Welsh press, and was an authority upon 
Welsh literature, being constantly engaged as adjudicator at National 
and local Eisteddfodau. (Manchester Guardian). See Y Traeth- 
odydd, 1901, p. 281 ; Y Geninm, Mch. 1905, p. 1. 


Davies, John, lt(;5D-lS'J2, -'Ossian Gwent," a poet, was born 
at Cardigan, and when he was quite young his parents removed 
to Khyiniiey, where he was employed, first as joiner, and afterwards 
as pattern-maker. He subsecjuently removed to Merthyr, and from 
thence to Pontypridd, but eventually returned to Rhymney, where 
he remained until his death. As a poet, he avoided the strict 
alliterative metres, and devoted his attention to lyrics ; in this 
department, by univei'sal consent, he is accorded a high position. 
A selection of his songs, some of which are very popular, has been 
published by Hughes & Son, Wrexham. (F Geninen, March, 1894, 
p. 33). See Cyinru, vol. .5, p. 236 ; Welsh Lyrics, p. 103. 

Davies, John, -1900, a clergyman and Sanskrit scholar, who 
was of Welsh parentage, was rector of Walsoken, in Norfolk, 
from 1S,")7 to 1(S71, but afterwards gave up active service in the 
Church and devoted himself to literature. His translation of 
" Bhagavad Gita," found a place in Triibner's Oriental Series. He 
was for many years a zealous member of the Council of the 
Honourable Society of Cymmrodurion. Shortly before his death 
he contributed an article to the " Cymmrodor," on Sir William Jones 
and Professor Hoffmann. (C. c£- D. Herald). 

Davies, John, A.G., 1801 -ISIO, an American lawyer, was 
of Welsh descent. He was a graduate of William and Mary College, 
and married a grand-niece of Thomas .Jefferson. In 1830, he was 
a]>pointed professor of law in the Virginia University. He met his 
death by the pistol shot of an assassin, just as he was climbing 
to the zenith of his glory and usefulness. He published a work 
of great value on "Criminal Law," and the Legislature paid twelve 
thousand dollars to his family for the copyright. {Welshmen as 
Factors, &c.). 

Davies, John D., 1822-1901, a self-made man, was born in 
the Aeron Valley, South Wales. He came of a poor family, and 
received but little education, but by the force of his own energy, he 
attained to a respectable mastery of the Engli^^h language, shewing a 
special talent for mathematics. He emigrated to America, and became 
one of the pioneers in the development of the iron industries of 
Southern Ohio. He was remarkably successful in business, and 
amassed a considerable fortune. He was the founder of the Jefferson 
Iron Furnace Company, one of the most successful undertakings of 
its kind in America. The company paid over forty per cent, 
dividend for forty years, and made every one of its stock-holders 
wealthy, but, in contrast to other similar concerns, not a stroke 
of work was ever done on the Sabbath day. Not once during his 
management did the men go on strike, and not a single serious 
disagreement ever occurred. He was a prominent member of the 
Congregational Church at Oak Hill, Ohio. (The Cambrian, 1901, 
p. 520). 

Davies, John Griffith, 1836-1861, a poet, was the son of the 
Rev. John Davies, of Glandwr, Pembrokeshire. He received a good 


education, and displayed a remarkable talent for languages, being very 
proficient in Latin, Hebrew, German, and Italian. He translated a 
good deal of poetry from the Italian and other languages, and wrote 
several poems, but his chief work is an English novel entitled " The 
Bride of Santa Oroce." (G.B.). 

Davies, John Lloyd, 1801-1860, a self-made man, was born at 
Aberystwyth. When about five years of age, he lost his father, but his 
mother determined to give him the best possible education. He 
worked hard, became articled to a solicitor, and by the time he was 
24 years of age he had succeeded to a lucrative practice iu Newcastle 
Emlyn. He married the widow of Col. Stewart, of Blaendyifryn, 
Carmarthenshire, through whom he became very wealthy. In 1855 
he was returned as member of Parliament for the Cardigan boroughs, 
but retired at the general election two years later. {Emvog. C). 

Davies, John Ogmore, 181t)-18'.t2, a Congregational minister, 
was born at Cefncribwr, Glamorganshire. Of humble parentage, 
enjoying few early advantages, entering college with a very imperfect 
knowledge of English, and passing away in the prime of life, he yet 
lived long and strenuously enough to make good his title to be 
considered an English preacher of extraordinary originality and power. 
He entered Lancashire College in 18t;8, his career there being signalised 
rather by the continuous and rapid development of the inborn 
preaching faculty in him than by the achievement of academic success 
and distinctions. His ministerial life began in 1873, when he accepted 
a call to the pastorate of Bethel chapel, Sunderland. After a brilliant 
ministry there he removed, in 1878, to Crescent Chapel, Liverpool. 
In 1882 he became pastor of Craven Chapel, London, and finally, in 
1885, entered upon his ministry at Chapel Street, Blackburn. His 
personality, his preaching, and his influence were long held in 
fragrant memory by those who had the privilege of being associated 
with him in all four of his pastorates. (Congreg. Year Book, 1893). 

Davies, John Philip, 1786-1832, a Baptist minister, known as 
" Davies, Tredegar," was the son of a clergyman at Henllan, in 
Cardiganshire. He joined the Baptists at an early age, and was the 
first minister of the connexion in Flintshire, being ordained in 1810. 
In 1818, he removed to Tredegar, where he died in 1832. He was a 
voluminous writer, his chief works being a translation of Andrew 
Fuller's Commentary on the Book of Revelations, and a volume of 
Theological P]ssays, published after his death. He wrote a good deal 
to " Seren Gomer " under the pen-name of " Mab Dewi Ddu " and an 
able lecture of his on -'The Welsh Language" appeared in that 
magazine. He was a very able man and a powerful preacher, and his 
influence in the Baptist ministry was great and abiding. {Emvog. C). 

Davies, Jonathan, 1796-1831, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born in the parish of Llywel, in Breconshire. When twenty-three 
years of age, he commenced to preach, and he soon enjoyed great 
popularity, his method of expounding and applying texts of Scripture 
being exceptionally clear and practical. He completed his ministerial 
training at Neuaddlwyd, under the Rev. Dr. Phillips, and afterwards 


Bettled in his native parish. He wrote a number of essays, many of 
which were piil)lished in " Lleuad yr Oes," and left many others 
in manuscript. {Enwog. C). 

Da vies, Joseph, -1831, a solicitor and journalist, was a 

native of Builth, but spent many years of his life in Liverpool. He 
was the editor of, and chief contributor to, a magazine called Briid a 
Sylwydd (The Chronicle and Observer), containing English and Welsh 
articles on current topics, whicli rendered excellent service at a time 
when the periodical press of Wales was in its infancy. (Enwog. G. ; 
Lien, fy Ngivlad.) 

Davies, Le^viS, 1777 -about 1840, a soldier, was a native of 
Aberystwyth, and became lieutenant in the .'51st Foot in 1794, captain 
in May, 1796, and second major in the 36th Foot in 1800. He served 
abroad two years later, until the peace. In August, 1804, he became 
senior of the four majors of the regiment, and was made brevet 
lieutenant-colonel in the army in 1808. He became fourth substantive 
lieutenant-colonel of the 36th Foot in 1812, loeing attached to its 2nd 
Battalion in August, 1814, and attained the rank of brevet-colonel on 
the 4th June, 1814. He served in the Peninsular War, and received a 
medal after the battle of Salamanca. He retired on lialf pay at the 
close of 1814, and was made a Companion of the Bath in 1815. For 
some years prior to his deatli he resided at Tanybwlch, Aberystwyth. 
{Old Wales, vol. 1, p. 192 ; Gentleman's Magazine, 1828 ; Enwog. C). 
See Old Wales, vol. 2, p. 77). 

Davies, Margaret, about 1816-1884, "Meinwen Elw^r," was the 
daughter of Owen Williams, Troscanol, near Bangor, and a descendant 
of Goronwy Owen. She became the wife of Robert Davies (Cyndeyrn), 
and wrote some poetry of a high order. {B. Cerddorion Cijmreig). 

Davies, Mary, 1847-1882, a poetess, was a native of Portmadoc, 
and at an early age displayed a talent for literary work. She was 
a frequent and successful competitor at the local eisteddfodau, both in 
prose and poetry. A small collection of her poems and essays was 
published, under the editorship of William Roberts (Gwilym Eryri). 
( Y Gestiana). 

Davies, Miles, 1662 -about 1730, an author, was born at Tre'r 
Abbot, in the parish of Whitford, Flintshire. He is said to have been 
a clergyman, but little is known of his liistory. He was undoubtedly a 
good scholar, and was very conversant in the history of his country, 
but was most unfortunate in turning his knowledge to advantage. He 
removed to London, and practised as a " counsellor at law," but hia 
time seems to have been spent chiefly in writing books, and in 
hawking them from door to door. He published a curious work 
under the title of "Athenae Britannicae," containing bibliographical, 
biographical, and critical matter, but, according to Baker, the antiquary, 
most of the material was borrowed from modern historians. That 
work, according to some authorities, appeared in four volumes, but 
Henry Salusbury says " the entire work consisted of seven volumes." 
In 171."> he published " Icon Libellorum, a critical history of pam- 
phlets," a queer production, but cram full of curious information." 
(Diet. Em. W. ; Bye-Gones, 1883, p. 181.) See D'lsraeli's Calamities 


of Authors, 1812, vol. 1, p. 60 ; D'Israeli's Curiosities of Literature, 
1866, p. 128 ; Nicholl's Lit. Anec, vol. 8, p. oOl ; Lowndes' Bihl. 
Manual (Bohn), p. 600 ; Chalmers' Biog. Diet. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Davies, Morris, 1780-1861, "Meurig Ebrill," a poet, spent the 
greater part of his life at Dolgelley, where he was one of the leading 
members of the Congreg-ational cause. He wrote a good deal of 
poetry, which he published in two volumes, under the title " Diliau 
Meirion." (Enivog. Meirion). 

Davies, Morris, 1796-1876, an essayist, was born in the parish 
of Mallwyd, Montgomeryshire, but resided, during the latter part of 
his life, at Bangor. He had few educational advantages in early 
youth, but soon shewed a taste for literature, and before he was 
seventeen years of age had composed a good deal of poetry and 
prose. He contributed a large numlier of essays to the " Traethodydd," 
and also wrote for the " Gwyddoniadur." He published a collection 
of congi-egational tunes, of which ten were his own composition. He 
was an accomplished musician, and did much to raise the standard of 
music in the Principality. He was the composer of about two 
hundred hj'mns, some of them of great merit, and was the gi-eatest 
authority of his day on Welsh hymnology. He translated into Welsh 
Dr. King's " Treatise on the Lord's Supper ; " Dr. McCosh's Lectures 
on " The Mysteries of the Bible," and other works. He also edited 
the sermons of the Rev. Edward Morgan, Dyffryn (1873-75). His 
last work was a volume on the " Welsh Reformers," published by the 
Religious Tract Society. {B. Cerddorion Cymreig ; Mont. Worthies). 
See F Geninen, Mch. 1891, p. 30 ; Y Traethodydd, 1877 ; Cymru, 
vol. 30. p, 38. 

Davies, Moses, 1799 - 1866, a musician, was born at Def ynnock, 
Brecoushire, but, when five years of age, removed with his parents to 
Merthyr Tydfil. He began to study music when about 18 years old, 
and soon acquired great proficiency. His services were in constant 
request as conductor of choirs. He also composed twenty-two congre- 
gational tunes, many of which became very popular. His best known 
tunes are Bremhill, Tiverley, Corinth, Soar, Pontrobert, India, 
Portmadoc, and Yatesbury. He was the father of William Davies 
(Mynorydd), the well-known sculptor. {B. Cerddorion Cymreig). 

Davies, Oliver, about 1790 — about 1840, a harpist. He was the 
principal harpist at the great Welshpool Eisteddfod, held in September, 
1824 ; and at the Cymmrodorion Eisteddfod in London, on May 6th, 
1829, he is said to have " astonished the assemblj' with his masterly 
execution upon the pedal harp." We find him again at another 
Eisteddfod held in London in 1831, delighting all present with his 
playing of " Lady Owen's Delight," and other airs. {Mont, Worthies), 
Davies, OAVen, 1752-1830, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was born at Wrexham. Removing to London, he joined the Wesleyan 
Methodists, and was for some years employed as an itinerant preacher. 
On the establishment of the Welsh Wesleyan Mission, he came to 
Wales to take up the post of superintendent, and settled at Denbigh. 
In 1818 he was superannuated, and removed to Liverpool, where he 


continued to reside till his death. In 1806 he published a " Defence 
of Wesleyan Methodism," and in the following year there appeared 
from his pen a volume containing " Dialogues shewmg the Errors of 
Calvinism." In 1808 he vrrote (in Welsh), " Remarks on a Book 
recently published by Mr. T. Jones, of Denbigh." He also published 
a volume containing twelve of his sermons (1812) and a "Children's 
Catechism" (1811). (Diet. Em. W.; Cardiff' Catalogue ; Enwog. C.) 
See Cofiant y Parch. John Jones, Talysarn, pp. 281-4; I> Eurgrawn 
Wesleyaidd, 1886, pp. 31 and 158 ; Hanes Lien G. 

Davies, Owen, 1829-1898, "Eos Llechid," a clergyman and 
musician, was a native of Llanllechid, near Bangor. He was ordained 
deacon in 1877, and priest seven years later. After holding several 
curacies, he was appointed rector of Rhiw, near Pwllheli, in 1888, and 
six yeiirs afterwards, vicar of Llechcynfarwy, Anglesey. He wiis the 
author of at least 50 anthems and cantatas, his best known anthem 
being " Cenwch i'r Arglwydd." He also prepared a Welsh choral 
service book, a work on church music, and a volume of carols, the 
latter appearing in 1892. (C. & D. Herald ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See 
T Geninen, March, 1901, p. 33 ; Ibid, 1902, p. 212 ; Ibid, March, 
1903, p. 40. 

Davies, Rees, 1772-1847, an itinerary preacher connected with 
the Congregationalists, popularly known as " Rhys y glun bren," (Rees 
of the wooden leg), was born at Newcastle-Emlyn, Carmarthenshire. 
He joined the Congregationalists at an early age, "and soon afterwards 
commenced to preach. He had many drawbacks as a preacher — a 
harsh voice, a repulsive appearance, and a very peculiar delivery — but 
his earnestness was such that he proved of immense service to 
the cause of religion throughout Wales. When keeping a school at 
Pennal, he was invited, in 1803, to preach at Talybont, Cardiganshire, 
and soon afterwards a flourisliing cause w;is established there. It was 
he, too, who was instrumental in converting a lad who became one 
of the greatest preachers in Wales— William Williams, of Wern. 
(Enwog. C.) 

Davies, Rees, about 1832 -about 1890, a distinguished surgeon in 
America, was of Welsh descent. After qualifying, he settled in 
Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, and Sf on acquired fame, being especially 
skilful in critical surgery cases. He was president of the American 
Medical Association, and contributed articles to the medical journals 
which elicited " the favourable recognition of his profession all over 
the country." ( Welshmen as Factors, &c.) 

Davies, Reuben, 1808-1833, "Prydydd y Coed," a poet, was a 
native of South Wales. He was an excellent scholar, and kept a 
school of some note. He joined the Unitarians, and studied for the 
ministry, but died at the early age of 25. He wrote a number of 
hymns for the use of Unitarians. (G.B.) 

Davies, Richard, 1635-1708, a well-known Quaker, was born 
at Welshpool, his parents being in a comfortable position. When 
young, he was particularly fond of reading works on divinity, and was 
remarkable for the severity of his religious practices. He at first 


joined the Independents, but when about 22 years of age he threw in 
his lot with the Society of Friends, and devoted himself to the dis- 
semination of their tenets. In consequence of this he suffered much 
persecution, and frequent imprisonment, and was for a time estranged 
from his relatives. He engaged in controversy with Bishop Lloyd, 
with whom, however, he was on terms of close personal friendship. 
He made frequent journeys to London, and in 1702, he was appointed, 
with eleven others, to present an address to Queen Anne, with an 
acknowledgement from the Society of Friends for the continuation of 
their lit)erty and protection. He wrote a most quaint and interesting 
autobiography, entitled "Leaves from the History of Welsh Non- 
conformity in the Seventeenth Century," which contains much 
valuable information as to the social state of Wales during that 
period. An eighth edition of this work, with notes, was published 
in 1899 (Newport : J. E. Southall), and a Welsh edition appeared in 
1840, being a translation of the sixth English edition, issued in 182.1. 
(Diet. Em. W. ; Leaves from the History, d-c). See Y Geninen, 
Mch., 1891, p. .5 ; Besse's Sufferings of the Quakers ; Smitfi''s Cata- 
logue of Friends' Books; Foj's Journal, 1765 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Davies, Richard, 16.59-1714, was a native of Cardiganshire. He 
became a Nonconformist minister, and was pastor at Rowell, in 
Northamptonshire, for 25 years. He displayed much of the spirit, antl 
utilised many of the methods afterwards adopted by Wesley and 
Whitfield, whom he preceded by about forty years. In 1704 he 
published a volume entitled, "Faith: the grand evidence of our interest 
in Christ" {Enwog. G.) 

Davies, Richard, 1808-1888, a Congregational preacher, was 
born at Brithdir, Llanrliaiadr-yn-Mochnant. It is believed that he 
never attended a day school, but the Sunday School had commenced at 
Brithdir, and this he followed regularly. When about twenty years of 
age he joined the Congregational church at Llanrhaiadr, and became an 
energetic teacher antt pul)lic speaker, being especially active as an 
advocate of Sunday Schools, and the temperance cause. Aliout 1838, 
he removed to Llansilin, where he died fifty years later. He was 
greatly appreciated as an earnest, evangelical preacher of the old school. 
He composed a great number of englynion on different subjects, 
several of which appeared in the " Dysgedydd," and other periodicals. 
{Bye-Gones, 1888, p. 122). 

Davies, Richard, 1814-1854, a clergyman, born at Rhuddlan, in 
Flintshire, was the son of the Rev. Richard Davies, the first vicar of 
the Welsh church in Liverpool. In 1841, he was appointed secretary 
of the Church Missionary Society, and editor of the " Church Mission- 
ary Record," and the "Gleaner." In 1848, he became vicar of 
Brenchley, in Kent, where he died six years later. A volume of his 
sermons was published under the editorship of the Rev. H. Venn. 
(Enwog. C.) 

Davies, Richard, 1816-1896, a self-made man, was a native of 
Llangefni, Anglesey, and was educated in the National School. He 
commenced business in a small way, and afterwards joined his brother, 
Robert Davies, the firm carrying on a very extensive trails as shipowners 


and merchants, by which they accumulated considerable wealth. He 
married a daughter of the Rev. Henry Rees, and became one of the 
leading laymen of the Calvinistic Methodist Connexion. In 186S he 
was returned without opposition as member of Parliament for his native 
county. At the general election in 1874 he was opposed by Captain 
Bulkeley, of Baron Hill, Beaumaris, whom he defeated by 1635 
to 793. He was appointed by Mr. Gladstone Lord-Lieutenant of 
Anglesey. He was noted for his philanthropy, and no good cause 
ever appealed to him in vain. {G. and D. Herald). 

Davies, Richard, 1831-1904, "Tafolog," poet and essayist, was 
a native of Cwm Tafolog, near Llanerfyl, in Montgomeryshire. He 
won his first bardic chair at the Liverpool Eisteddfod in 1S67, the 
subject of his poem on that occasion being " Prayer." Four years later 
he won the chair at the Towyn Eisteddfod for the best poem on " The 
Churchyard," and at the Carnarvon National Eisteddfod, in 1886, he 
was the chaired bard for the best " awdl " (ode) on " Gobaith " (Hope). 
He was a master of the alliterative measures, was regarded as an able 
critic, and his services were in great demand as an adjudicator. He 
composed a large number of Welsh hymns, was a frequent contributor 
to the Welsh magazines, and some of his articles in the " Geninen " 
are among the best critical reviews in the Welsh language. He was a 
member of the Council and of the executive of the National Eisteddfod 
Association, and was one of the " Beirdd y Meini Gwynion"'in 
connection with the Gorsedd of the Bards. {Manchester Guardian). 
See Bije-Qones, 11*04, p. 2'J2 ; Grjmru, vol. 26, p. 201 et seq. ; Ibid, 
vol. 27, p. 186 et seq. ; Y Geninen, Mch., 1906, p. 31 ; Ibid, 1888, 
p. 141 ; Ihid, 1904, p. 83 et. seq. ; Ibid, 1905, p. 168. 

Davies, Richard, 1833-1877, "Mynyddog," a musician, poet, 
and Eisteddfod conductor, was a native of Llanbrynmair. He was 
brought up as a farmer, but soon turned his attention to music and 
poetry. He competed successfully at various Eisteddfodau, and he 
also become a most popular prose writer, a series of letters which he 
contributed to the " Dydd " anil the " Herald Cymraeg " placing him 
in the front rank of Welsh newspaper contributors. Mynyddog 
wrote the libretto of the first-published Welsh opera — "Blodwen" — 
by Dr. Joseph Parry. Another libretto of his, although much shorter, 
is that of the "Fairy Tribe" (D. Emlyn Evans). He possessed 
unique talents as a singer, and especially as a conductor of Eisteddfotlic 
gatherings ; in the latter capacity he stood pre-eminent. His services 
were considered indispensable at these gatherings ; he displayed so 
much good humour, ability and tact, as to ensure the most complete 
control over the auilience ; he possessed a commanding stature, a 
powerful voice, a pleasing countenance, a cool brain, and a ready 
tongue. His poems are distinguished by geniality and humour, 
comljined with frequent touches of ileep pathos, and sterling common- 
sense, rather than a lofty imagination ; by homeliness of expression 
rather than polished language. He published, in 1866, " Caneuon 
Mynyddog," in 1870 " Yr Ail Gynnyg," and in 1877 " Y Trydydd 
Cyunyg " (Hughes & Son. Wrexham). {Mont. Worthies ; The Red 


Dragon, vol. 4, (1883) p. 1). See Gymru, vol. 4, p. 7 ; Y Traetfiodydd, 
1890, p. 118 ; Y Geninen, Meh., 1899, p. 36; Gymru, vol. 14, p. 110 
et seq. ; Welsh Lyrics, p. 93 ; Gymru, vol. 28, p. 312 ; Ibid, vol. 30, 
p. 41. 

Davies, Richard Meredith, 1815-1905, a Congregational 
minister, was born near Wrexham. His parents soon removed to 
Manchester, where, as a lad, he was associated with the church in 
Mosley Street. His pastor commended him to the work of the 
Christian ministry, and he entered Blackburn Academy. In 1843 he 
accepted a call to Oldham, to a church which had but eleven members, 
and here for 52 years he faithfully served. The congregations 
increased, and the church ultimately became one of the largest and 
most influential in Lancashire. As the church grew, the Sunday 
School also grew, carefully fostered by Mr. Davies. His activity, 
sincerity, and ability won for him a large place in the life of Oldham. 
In addition to the work he did for religious institutions, he took a 
leading part in civic life. One of the founders of the General Hospital, 
he was from the beginning a governor, and for some time prior to his 
death the president. For more than 40 years he acted as secretary of 
the Lancashire Congregational Union, and in 1880 he was elected 
chairman. (Congreg, Year Book, 1906). 

Davies, Robert, 1684-1728, a well-known antiquary, of 
Llannerch, Denbighshire, and Gwysaney, Flintshire, was a diligent 
student of the history and antiquities of his native country, and 
formed a valuable collection of Welsh MSS. A superb monument 
was erected to his memory in Mold Church, with his figure in a 
standing attitude, in Roman costume. (Dwnn's Heraldic Visitations of 
Wales, vol. 2, p. 321). See Diet. Em. W.; Cathrall's History of 
North Wales, vol. 2, p. 223 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Davies, Robert, 1769-1835, "Bardd Nantglyn," a poet, was 
born at Nantglyn, near Denbigh. He shewed a taste for poetry at a 
very early age, and, under the tuition of Thomas Edwards (Twm o'r 
Nant) he soon became very proficient in the rules of Welsh verse. 
In 1800 he removed to London, where he associated himself with a 
band of patriotic Welshmen who established the Gwyneddigion Society, 
of which, for a time, he acted as secretary. After a stay of four years 
in the metropolis, the illness of his family compelled him to return to 
Nantglyn, where he remained till his death. He was a bard of 
considerable merit, and a very successful competitor at the Eistedd- 
fodau. In 1820 he won the bardic chair at Wrexham, for an elegy on 
the death of George III. Altogether, he was the winner of eleven 
medals, in addition to several money prizes. A volume of his poems, 
entitled " Diliau Barddas," was published at Denbigh in 1827, and 
afterwards by Mr. Isaac Foulkes, Liverpool, in " Cyfres y Ceinion." 
He also prepared an excellent Welsh Grammar, containing the rules of 
poetry, which passed through at least five editions. (Hanes Lien. G.; 
Diet. Em. W.; Gardiff Gatalogue). See Emvog. G.; Y Traethodydd, 
1854, p. 33 ; Adgof uiveh Anghof, pp. 94 and 114 ; Y Brython, vol. 5, 
p. 335 ; Y Traethodydd, 1900, p. 270 ; Nodweddiad y Cymry, p. 256 ; 


Llyfrydd. y Cymry ; Gent. Mag., new series, vol. 5, p. 327 ; Y 
Geninen, 1897, p. 125. 

Davies, Robert, 1814-1867, " Cyndeyrn," a mnsician, was born 
at Henllan, near Denbigh. He was apprenticed to a painter and 
plumber at St. Asaph, but, when about 20 years of age, he removed to 
Bangor, where his musical talent soon attracted attention. He was 
subsequently appointed chief alto singer at St. Asaph Cathedral, a post 
which he held for nearly 27 years. In 1852 he won a prize at the 
Bethesda Eisteddfod for an anthem, a success which he repeated in the 
following year. His funeral anthem, " I heard a voice from heaven," 
composed in memory of Mrs. Hicks-Owen, a sister of Mrs. Hemans, 
was very favourably received. He composed several other pieces, 
including congregational tunes. Many of the latter — " St. Kentigern," 
" Pechadur," " Gethsemane," " St. Asaph," " Gobaith," &c. — are still 
sung. (J5. Cerddorion Gymreig). 

Davies, Robert, 1816-1905, a philanthropist, was a native of 
Llangefni, Anglesey, and was a brother of Richard Davies, for some 
years member of Parliament for the county (1816-1896, see ante). 
From small beginnings, in conjunction with his brothers John and 
Richard, he founded a large business as timber merchants, iron 
founders and shipowners, and became exceedingly wealthy. He was 
keenly interested in mechanics and chemistry, having in his house 
extensive laboratories, fitted up in the most complete and up-to-date 
manner. He was a member of the Calvinistic Methodist denomination, 
and his benefactions to the cause of religion were large and very 
numerous. To the Calvinistic Methodist Foreign Missionary Society he 
gave sums of £30,000 and £155,000 respectively, whilst his gifts towards 
the clearing off of chapel debts amounted to scores of thousands of 
pounds. His total benefactions could not have been far short of half 
a million sterling. [Liverpool Daily Post and Mercury). See T 
Geninen, 1906, p. 117 ; Y Drysorfa, 1906 ; Adgofion [Reminiscences) 
by Rev. John Jones, F.R.G.S. (Pwllheli : D. Caradog Evans, 1906). 

Davies, Samuel, 1724-1761, an American divine, who was of 
Welsh descent, was born in Newcastle County, U.S. America. He was 
ordained as a Presbyterian minister in 1747, and succeeded Jonathan 
Edwards as president of Princeton College. In 1753 the synod of New 
York sent him to England to solicit benefactions for Princeton College. 
He preached before the King at the royal command, and had the 
boldness to administer an indirect rebuke to His Majesty for some act 
of seeming irreverence during the service. George II. afterwards said 
of him, "An honest man ! an honest man ! " In a public speech, soon 
after Washington's miraculous escape at Braddock's defeat, he used the 
following prophetic language in regard to the then " Colonel " 
Washington : — " I cannot but hope that Providence has hitherto 
preserved him in so signal a manner for some important service to his 
country." Four years after his death a collection of his " Sermons 
on the most Useful and Important Subjects " was published in three 
volumes octavo, which passed through several editions, and was 
reprinted in London. Davies was a poet also, and many of his hymns 
are still printed and read. ( Wales and its People ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) 


Davies, Samuel, 1788-1854, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was born at Maesygroes, Flintshire. He had but a fortnight's schooling 
in his younger days, but was a regular attendant at the Sunday School, 
and availed himself of every opportunity for self-improvement. He 
was ordained to the ministry at Carnarvon in 1807. He took a 
prominent part in tlie theological discussions of the day. His first 
contribution to the literature of the subject was a sermon on " General 
Redemption." This was replied to in a pamphlet by Evan Evans 
(leuan Glau Geirionydd), then a church member with the Calvinistic 
Methodists at Chester, entitled " Special Redemption." Mr. Davies 
replied in a book entitled "Calvinism exposed," published in 1820. 
He also published, in 183.5, a biography of Edward Prichard, a 
Wesleyan preacher. In conjunction with the Rev. Thomas Jones, 
he wrote a Welsli Theological Handbook, but his principal work is 
a volume of 416 pp., entitled " Etholedigaeth Ddiammodol yn cael ei 
Gwrthbrofi " (Unconditional Election Disproved), 18.39. He wrote a 
number of articles to the "Eurgrawn Wesleyaidd," and a selection 
of his sermons, edited by William Owen and John Hugh Evans, 
appeared in 18G4 (Holywell : A. E. Prichard). (Hanes Lleyi. G.). 
See his biography, by the Rev. Samuel Davies ; Y Bywgraffydd 
Wesleyaidd, p. 70 ; Cofiant y Parch. John Jones, Talysarn, p. 336. 

■ I^DavieS, Samuel, 1818-1891, a Wesleyan minister, was a native 
of Denbigh. He entered the Wesleyan ministry in 1843, and for 
several years was stationed at Llaufyllin and Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant. 
By reiison of his abilities and devotion to his duties, he soon secured 
for himself a distinguished position in the connexion. For a few 
years he filled the office of financial secretary to the North Wales 
Wesleyan District, and in 188G was appointed chairman of the district, 
and editor of the Welsh Connexional Magazine, and resided at Bangor, 
Carnarvonshire. On his retirement from this office in 1887, he was 
made the recipient of a public testimonial in the form of a substantial 
sum of money, together with an illuminated address, in which his 
valuable services to the Connexion were gratefully recognized. After 
he had become a supernumerary, his interest in the welfare of the 
Connexion remained undiminished. {Bye-Oones, 1891, p. 109.) See 
Y Geniiien, 1892, pp. 39 and 42 ; Ibid, 1893, p. 252. 

Davies, Sarah, 1828-1889, an authoress, was born at Oswestry, 
of Welsh parents. She spent the greater part of her life in Dublin, 
where she took an active part in religious and philanthropic work, 
particularly the well-known " Bird's Nest," a refuge for poor and 
neglected children. She was actively engaged with Miss Whateley, 
daughter of Archbishop Whateley, and other friends, in the manage- 
ment of the " Birds' Nests " and other institutions of a like character. 
She wrote several works relating to them, including " Holly and Ivy," 
" St. Patrick's Armour," and " Other Cities Also," and through the 
interest excited by her writings was the means of raising sufficient 
funds to carry on the good work with great efficiency up to the time 
of her death. (Bye-Qones, 1889, p. 90). 

Davies, Sneyd, 1709-1769, a poet, was the son of John Davies, 


prebendary of Hereford and St. Asaph, and was educated at Eton and 
King's College, Cambridge. He wrote poems at school, and was 
distinguished for his scholarship. He entered the church, and was 
successively chaplain to the Bishop of Lichfield, master of St. John's 
Hospital, prebendary of Lichfield, and archdeacon of Derby. Though 
professing love of seclusion, he seems to have had some hankerings 
after preferment, and shewed much irritation when Pratt (who was an 
old Eton friend). Lord Chancellor in 1766, failed to obtain patronage for 
liim. On his death he left the whole of his fortune to a Mrs. Evans. 
His poems were never collected. They included Latin verses ; burlesque 
imitations of Milton, whom he specially admired ; and verses in the 
manner ot Swift. George Hardinge, who tried hard to discover subMmity 
as well as elegance, pathos, and humour in his writings, prefers his 
Miltonic vein. Some of his poems were published anonymously, in 
two volumes, by John Wlialey, also a Fellow of High's College. His 
" Biographical Memoirs," with e.xtracts from his writings, edited by 
G. Hardinge, ai)peared in 1817. (Did. Nat. Biog. ; Cardiff 
Catalogue). See Nichol's Ulustratiotis of Literature, vol. 1, p. 481 ; 
vol. 3, p. 130 ; Anna Seward's Letters, vol. 1, pp. 194, 3^2 ; Le Neve's 
Fasti, vol. 1, pp. 577, 615 ; Churton's Lives of the Founders of 
Brasenuse, p. 488. 

Davies, Stephen, 1790-1858, "Stephan," a poet, was born at 
Prestatyn, Flintshire. He was a successful eisteddfod competitor, and 
wrote a number of excellent poems. His elegy on the death of his 
wife is one of the most pathetic compositions in the Welsh language. 
This elegy is published in the " Gwladgarwr," vol. 3, p. 248, and 
several compositions by him are to be found in the same magazine. 
His poem on " Hiraeth ar ol Mabolaeth," which was awarded the prize 
at the Liverpool Gordovic Eistedilfod in 1840, is printed in the 
" Beirniadur Cymreig " for 1846. His last work was " Ymddiddan 
rhwng y Bardd ac Amser " (A Dialogue between the Bard and Time), 
published in the " Drysorfa " for 1858, the year in which he died. He 
was buried at Galltmelyd, the parish in which Prestatyn is situate. 
{Enwiig. C.) 

Davies, Taliesin, 1822-1895, a Congregational minister, of 
Claptons, Wooburn, Bucks, was born in the borough of Southwark, of 
Welsh parents. When quite a youth he joined the church at Surrey 
Chapel, under the pastorate of the Rev. James Sherman, became a 
Sunday School teacher, and engaged in tract distribution. Having 
occupied his leisure for some years in mission and temperance work, 
he, in 1857, entered the Congregational ministry, and eventually 
settled down at High Wycombe. There for nine years he laboured 
energetically, not only in his church, l)ut in temperance and other 
local and philanthropic interests. He was an able and popular 
preacher, whose ministry, whether in the pulpit or upon the platform, 
was marked by deep earnestness and intense enthusiasm. His 
addresses were full of the fire and fervour characteristic of his Welsh 
nationality, and his speeches possessed much originality of thought 
aud a fund of grace and humour. (Congreg. Year Book, 1896.) 


Davies, Thomas, 1792-1839, a physician, was born in Car- 
marthenshire, and, after some schooling in London, became an 
apothecary, and for two years practised at the east end of London. 
He went to Montpelier, and afterwards to Paris, for his health, and 
learned the then new art of auscultation, under Laennec, its inventor. 
He graduated M.D. at Paris, and, on his return to London, was 
admitted a licentiate of the College of Physicians. He lectured at his 
house on diseases of the lungs and heart, and explained all he had 
learnt from Laennec ; he also published a volume on the same subject. 
The lectures secured for him the post of assistant physician to the 
London Hospital in 1827. Ho printed, in the " London Medical 
Gazette," a course of lectures on diseases of the chest, which shewed 
that he had mastered and tested for himself all the observations of 
Laennec and of Hope. His special advice to his patients was " Keep 
up your spirits," and he had sad experience of the need of such advice 
in his own last illness, when he suffered much from mental depression. 
He was buried in the Churchyard of St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate. 
(Diet. Nat. Biog.). See Hunk's Coll. of Phys., 1878, vol. 3, p. 289 ; 
Physic & Physicians, London, 1839, vol. 2, p. 266. 

Davies, Thomas, "Trithyd," about 1810-1873, a musician, was a 
native of Carmarthenshire, and followed the occupation of farmer. 
In April, 1854, he published a collection of hymns, tunes, anthems, &c., 
aboxit forty of which were his own compositions. (B. Cerddorion 

Davies, Thomas, 1815-1892, a Congregational minister, was 
born at Abergavenny. At the age of 26 he sought admission to 
Highbury College, to pi-epare for the work of the ministry. Always 
a diligent reader, he made good use of his period of study, and at 
the close of his course, settled at Maidenhead. In 1850 he became 
pastor of the York Road Chapel, Lambeth, where in addition to his 
pastoral duties, he was secretary of the Chapel Building Society. 
There he remained till 1855, when owing to ill-health, he removed 
to Cannon Street Chapel, Preston, where he laboured till 1860, and 
then became pastor of Duckworth Street Congregational Chapel, 
Darwen, with which his name was so long and so honourably 
associated. He was gifted in a rare degree with clearness of thought, 
and the power of persuasive eloquence. He was careful of every 
epithet which he employed, and hence, however simply he spoke, his 
words told. In 1871 he was chairman of the Lancashire Congregational 
Union. (Congreg. Year Book, 1894.) 

Davies, Thomas, 1820-1873, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born in the parish of Trelech, Carmarthenshire. In 
his twenty-lirst year, at the request of tlie church at Trelech, he 
began to preach. After spending some time at a preparatory school 
at Carmarthen, he was, in 1843, admitted to Brecon College. In 1847 
he was ordained at the Tabernacle, Llandilo, in his native county, as 
the successor of the seraphic W. Williams. He soon proved that he 
was not unworthy of his eminent predecessor, and under his ministry 
the church and congregation increased from year to year. As a pastor, 


he was diligent and conscientious in the discharge of his duties, and as 
a preacher he was remarkably powerful and eloquent. The geniality 
of his countenance, the melody of his voice, his telling illustrations, 
and the agreeableness and fluency of his delivery, made him one of the 
most popular preachers of the day. He was the author of " The Life 
and Writings of the Rev. D. Rees, Llanelly," in Welsh, (Llanelly : 
B. R. Rees, 1871) -, and " Crynodeb o Hanes y Cymry," a summary of 
Welsh history. His Memoir, and a selection of his sermons, edited by 
Wm. Thomas, of Gwynfe, appeared in 1877. (Congreq. Year Book, 
1874 ; Cardiff Catalogue). 

Da vies, Thomas, 1823 - 1898, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born near Lampeter, Cajdiganshire, and in 1839 
removed with his parents to Dowlais, Glamorganshire. He received 
his preparatory education at Ffrwdyfal Academy, and entered Brecon 
College in 1848. Four years later he was ordained pastor at 
Llansamlet, removing in 1854 to Llanelly, where he laboured for 
forty-three j'ears. He was a most prominent figure in educational, 
political, and religious matters, and was a very popular lecturer. 
He was a sedulous scholar, of a scientific turn of mind ; a linguist 
of no mean order, with an especial acquaintance with the Greek 
Testament, and as a preacher he was orderly, evangelical, earnest, 
delighting in a conversational style ratlier than the oratorical 
and declamatory. He was chairman of the Welsh Congregational 
Union in 1889, and received the honorary degree of D.D. from the 
University of Iowa, U.S.A. His volume of sermons, " Cyfrol Jubili 
Siloah," is owned to be worthy of a high and abiding place in sermonic 
literature, the "Independent" speaking of the sermons as being 
" remarkable for a very charming combination, the theological phrase 
of fifty years ago and the liberal spirit of to-day." He was for fourteen 
years editor of "Y Diwygiwr." (C. and D. Herald; Congreg. Year 
Book, 1899). See Y Oeninen, 1902, Mch., p. 33. 

Davies, Thomas, 1833-1899, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born at Newcastle Emlyn, Cardiganshire. He received 
his preparatory training at the Adpar Grammar School, and in 
1854 entered Brecon College. He was ordained at Dolgelley in 
1858, and had a large share in the great revival in that and the 
following year. While there he inaugurated a magazine for young 
people called " Y Baner " (The Banner), and in 1861 published a 
volume entitled " Yr Aelod Cyflawn " (The Complete Member). In 
1863 he accepted an invitation to Painswick, Glos., where he became so 
popular as a preacher that the congregation filled the chapel, and even 
crowded the pulpit stairs. In 1864, for a critical thesis upon the 
Kantian philosophy, he had conferred upon him the degrees of M.A., 
Ph.D., by the University of Gottingen. After serving in the pastorate 
at Ross and Pembroke Dock, he removed to London, ministering first 
at York Road and afterwards at Brompton. In 1882, he published a 
volume of '• Sermons and Expositions," which was well received, being 
characterised as the work of " an independent thinker." He also 
published " The Children's Service Handbook," and in 1886 founded 
and edited "The Weekly Pulpit," which enjoyed a considerable 


circulation. In 1889, he wrote in Welsh the " Biography of the 
Rev. R. LI. Thomas, Borough, London." In 1893, he published a 
" Tale for the Times," entitled " My Sister's Down-Grade Diary," 
and in 1895 he sent forth to the public a second series of " Sermons 
and Expositions," and also a volume of " Homiletical Expositions of 
the Epistle to the Philippians." (Congreg. Year Book, 1901). 

Davies, Thomas Rees, 1790-1859, a Baptist minister, was a 
native of Cilgeran, Pembrokeshire. His parents were Congregation- 
alists, but he joined the Baptists at an early age, commenced to preach, 
and was ordained in 1814. Four years later, as the result of a dispute 
as to the trust deeds of a chapel, he was expelled by the denomination, 
and joined the Wesleyans. In 1826, he was received back by the 
Baptists, and ministered with great success in Liverpool, Cilgeran, his 
native place, and in the neighbourhood of Conway. He was a very 
popular preacher, and was the means of doing much useful work. 
{Enu'og. C.) See Y Geninen, March, 1889, p. 33. 

Davies, Timothy, 1779-1860, for forty years Congregational 
minister at Evesham, was born at Ciliau Aeron, in Cardiganshire. 
After completing his education, when 22 years of age, he became 
joint-pastor with his father, the Rev. David Davies. In 1810, he 
accepted a call to Coventry, where he laboured with great success for 
eight years. He afterwards removed to Evesham, and while there he 
translated the greater part of Dr. Coke's Commentary into Welsh. 
{Enwog. C). 

Davies, Timothy, 1802-1862, a clergyman, was a native of 
Carmarthenshire, his fatlier being curate of Llauddeusant, in that 
county. He completed his education at the Carmarthen Grammar 
School, and was first appointed to the curacy of Ystradgynlais, 
Breconshire. In 1848, he was preferred to the Vicarage of Defynog, 
where he died. He was a most eloquent preacher, and rendered 
invaluable service to the Church in South Wales. (G. B.). 

Davies, Walter, 1761-1849, "Gwallter Mechain," a well-known 
poet, critic, and author, was a native of Llanfechain, Montgomerj-shire. 
The education he received in early life was very meagre, but he 
availed himself of every opportunity to improve his mind by reading 
every book that came in his way. In 1791, he obtained a clerkship 
at All Souls' College, Oxford ; afterwards removing to Cambridge, 
where he graduated. After holding various livings, he became vicar 
of Llanrhaiadi-yn-Mochnaiit, where he died. He was a voluminous 
writer, and a very successful Eisteddfodic competitor ; his services as 
adjudicator were also in great request. His poems are chiefly written 
in the ancient bardic style, but he also wrote several lyrical composi- 
tions, in a style less severe. He wrote a number of prize essays, the 
best known being those on " Liberty," and "The Life of Man." He 
was a constant contributor to the magazines of the day, his articles 
being remarkable for clearness and liveliness of style, accuracy of 
information, and soundness of judgment. His " General View of the 
Agriculture and Domestic Economy of North Wales and South Wales," 
published by order of the Board of Agriculture, is a very valuable 


■work ; in the words of Dr. Carl Meyer, it is " full of shrewd observa- 
tion, lively description, and excellent iiractical advice." He contributed 
largely to Carlisle's " Topographical Dictionary of Wales," Bingley's 
" Tours," the " Myvyrian Archaiology," the " Cambrian Register," and 
other works. He also edited the poems of Hugh Maurice (Eos Ceiriog), 
and, jointly with the Rev. John Jones (Tegid), those of Lewis Glyn Cothi. 
(Y Beirniad, LS68, p. 89 ; Diet. Em. W.). See Y Traethodijdd, 1896, 
p. 498; Enivog. y Ffxjdd, vol. 2; Cyniru 0. J., vol. 1 : E)iwog. C; 
Yr Haul, 1891, p. IC ; Mont. Worthies; Y Traethodi/dd, 19()tl, p. 268; 
Yr Adohjgydd, vol. 1, p. 2oli ; Y Geninen, 1883, p. 150 ; Nodweddiad 
y Cyinry, p. 268 ; Adgnf uivch Anghiif, p. .53 ; Y Geninen, 1887, p. 139; 
Hemes Lien. G.; Young Wales, 1899, p. 63 et seq. 

Davies, 'William, 1727-1787, vicar of Newcastle-Emlyn, was 
a native of Lanfynytld, Carmarthenshire. He first of all served as 
curate under the Rev. Mr. Pinkey, and during that time, as well as 
after Mr. Pinkey's tleath, he met with a good deal of opposition at the 
hands of the parishioners, or a section of them. This had the effect of 
inilucing him to join the Calvinistic Methodists, with whom he became 
an itinerary preacher. He was an eloquent preacher, and travelled 
much throughout North and South Wales. {Enwog. G.) See 
Methodistiaeth Cymru ; Hanes Bywyd Siencyn Penhydd. 

Davies, William, -1821, a clergyman, who held a living 

in Cynwyl, Carmarthenshire. He rentlered considerable service in the 
Methodist revival, but in 1811 he severed his connection with the 
movement, in consequence of his objection to the method of ordaining 
ministers. He afterwards confined his energies to the Established 
Church, and being an eloquent preacher, he was the means of adding 
considerably to the number of church a<lherents in the parish in which 
he laboured, as well iis in the surrounding district. {Enivog. C.) 

Davies, William, 1784:-18.")1, a Wesleyan missionary, better 
known as " Davies, Africa," was born at a farmhouse called Croes Efa, 
near Ruthin. He began to preach in 1804, and ten years latei- was 
appointed to take charge of the Wesleyan mission in Sierra Leone. 
After serving, with much success, for four j'ears, he had to return to 
this country owing to ill-health. He published a Diary of his mission- 
work, a shoit memoir of his wife, and other works ; he also translated 
several of Wesley's hymns into Welsh, and composed a number of 
original hymns. Some of his sermons were published in the 
" Eurgrawn Wesleyaidd." {Enwog. C.) 

Davies, William, 1804-1859, widely known as "Davies, 
Ffrwdyfal," a Congregational minister, was born in the parish of 
Llanycrwys, Carmarthenshire. After completing his education he 
laboured for some years as pastor of a Congregational chapel in 
Somerset, but subsequently returned to his native country, where he 
settled down as schoolmaster. He was a good classical scholar, 
received the degree of Ph.D., and turned out many pupils who had a 
distinguished career. He founded an Academy at Ffrwdvale, which 
he conducted for about 20 years. He afterwards removed to Derlwyn, 
and two years later was appointed professor of science and 


mathematics at the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen. A number of 
articles from his pen are te be found in " Y Diwygiwr," " Y 
Drysoifa Gynulleidfaol." " Y Tywysydd," and " Y Dysgedydd." 
(Enwog. G. ; G. B., vol. 1, p. 2U0 ; Cijmru, vol. 16, p. 231 ; Ibid., 
vol. 18, p. 110; Ihid, V. 29, p. 138; Y Brython, v. 3, p. GO, 103, 141.) 

Davies, Williain, 1814-1891, palaeontologist, was born at 
Holywell, and was the sou of a Thomas Davies. After going to school 
in his native town, he studied botany, and in 1843 obtained a post in 
the British Museum, devoting himself first to mineralogy, and 
afterwards to vertebrate palffiontology. In this he acquired great 
technical knowledge as to the best methods of developing and preserv- 
ing delicate specimens, and was pronounced to be " one of its moat 
accomplished students." He took an active part in the re-arrangement 
of the National collection in 1880, when it was transferred from 
Bloomsbury to its present abode in Cromwell Road, and gave most 
valuable assistance to Sir Antonio Brady in collecting and describing 
the mammalian remains found near Ilford. He received the Murchison 
Medal from the Geological Society in 1873, and became a Fellow in 
1877. He disliked literary compositions, so that his scientific papers 
are not numerous — about fifteen in all ; but his extensive knowledge 
was ever at the service of others, for he was one of those men who 
cared more for the advancement of science than of himself. In 1887 
he retired on a pension from the Museum. He was twice married, and 
left issue by his first wife one son and one daughter. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) 
See Geological Mag., 1891, pp. 144, 190 ; Quart. Journ. of Geol. Soc, 
vol. 47, proc. p. 56. 

Davies, William, 1820-1875, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was born at Aberystwyth, where his father worked as a stonemason. 
Soon after his birth his parents removed to Merthyr Tydfil, then to 
Aberavon and Aberdovey, and finally settling again at Aberystwyth. 
He was apprenticed to a shoemaker, but his progi-ess was slow : it is 
said of him that when at work he invariably had a book open in front 
of him. At an early age he showed a desire to enter the ministry, and 
preached his first sermon in 1841. In 1843 he removed to Llangefni, 
and two years later to Conway, being fully ordained to the ministry at 
Liverpool in August, 1847. He soon attained great popularity as a 
preacher, and became one of the foremost ministers of his denomina- 
tion. He edited Y Winllan, a Wesleyan magazine for the young from 
1857 to 1860, and Yr Eurgrawn Wesleyaidd from 1866 to 1875. He 
also acted as Bookroom Steward from 1867 to 1875. In 1870 he received 
the degree of D.D. from America. He was the author of "Agoriad i'r 
Ysgrythyrau " (An Introduction to the Scriptures), (Carnarvon : H. 
Humphreys, 1860) of which a second edition was published in 1884. 
(C. & D. Herald ; Cardiff" Catalogue.) See Yr Eurgraum Wesleyaidd, 
1875 ; Y Gminen, 1886, p. 145 ; Ibid., 1887, p. 8. 

Davies, Williain, 1830-1897, an author, who came of Welsh 
parents, resided for many years in Rome, but spent the last few years 
of his life at Chester. He was the author of " The Pilgrimage of the 
Tiber," " Songs of a Wayfarer," and other books, the last of which was 

ircHARD Davies (Tafolog). 

Ri( IIAKI) Daviks (Mynyd(lou). 


"The Pilgrim of the Infinite," published in 1895. He also edited the 
letters of his friend James Smethain. He was an excellent Italian 
scholar, ami knew Dante almost by heart. He was remarkable for his 
sympathy with, and generosity (according to his means) to, the members 
of that literary and artistic circle with which it was the pleasure of his 
life to associate. (Bye-Gones, 1897, p. 116.) 

Davies, William, 1832-190-1, was born at Caerblaidd, Festiniog, 
in October 1832. He showed considerable ability as a musician when 
young ; he could read music with ease when only nine years of age, 
and in his sixteenth year he was a choir conductor. He composed several 
anthems and other musical pieces, and at the Festiniog Eisteddfod in 
185-1 won a priae for an anthem when Gwilym Gwent was among the 
competitors. (B. Cerddorion Cymreig ; Manchester Guardian.) 

Davies, William Cadwaladr, 1849-1905, a barrister, was 
born at Bangor, and began his career in a local newspaper ofBce. He 
became a journalist, and took a keen interest in Welsh movements, 
particularly those relating to the Eisteddfod and to education. In 
Lonilon, he became acquainted and associated with Sir Hugh Owen 
and his work. He took up for a time the position of manager 
of a Bangor bank, a position which he vacated in ordei- to l)ecome 
Registrar of the University College of Xorth Wales in that city. In 
that connection he rendered most valuable service to the cause of 
higher education in the Principality, and was associated with the 
movement which led to the establishment of the University in Wales. 
He married Miss Mary Davies, the well-known singer, in 1888, and 
shortly afterwards joined the bar. He was appointed one of the 
standing counsel to the Welsh University, and was one of the assistant 
Charity Commissioners appointed to inquire into Welsh charities, his 
particular sphere being the county <if Merionetli. As a member of the 
Executive Committee of the National Eisteddfod Association and of 
the Council of the Society of Cymmrodorion, he took an active interest 
in Welsh movements. He collaljorated with Prof. Lewis Jones in 
wi-iting a history of the University of Wales. {Mancliester Guardian.) 
See Cymru, vol. 31, p. 59. 

Davies, Sir William David, about 1760-1821, a lawyer, 
of Welsh descent, was born in London, and educated at Harrow School. 
He was admitted an attorney in 1789, and began to practise at Leigh, 
in Lancashire. Five years later he was called to the bar, and joined 
the Northern circuit. He took up his residence in Liverpool, and 
acquired a considerable practice as special pleader and conveyancer. 
In 1813 he was appointed first stipendiary magistrate of Manchester, 
and two years later became Vice-Chancellor of the county palatine of 
Lancaster. He held both offices concurrently, and discharged his 
duties with dignity and impartiality, until 1818. He was the author 
of several legal works, among them an enlarged edition of " Salkeld's 
Reports," 1795 ; " Essays on the Action for money lent and received," 
1802 : " A General View of the Decisions of Lord Mansfield in Civil 
Causes," 1803 ; " A Treatise on the Law of Obligations and Contracts, 
from the French of Pothier," 1806 ; " The Practice of the Court of 


Common Pleas of Lancaster," 1814 ; " An Address on Discharging the 
Prisoners appi-ehended on account of an illegal assembly at Man- 
chester," 1817 ; "A Collection of Statutes relating to the Clergy, -with 
Notes," 1817. {Diet. Nat. Biog. ,- Cymry Manceininn). See Nichol- 
son's Mi'inoirs of Sir W. D. Evans, Warrington, 1845 ; Allibone's 
Dictionary of Authors ; Manchester Free Library Catalogue. 

Davies, William D., 1839-1900, an author and lecturer, 
was a native of Pen boy r, Carmarthenshire. In 1866 he began preaching 
in connection with the Calvinistic Methodist church at Heol Fach, 
in the Rhondila Valley, and two years later he emigrated to America, 
where he did valuable service for the same denomination for over 
a quarter of a century. He was for many years a travelling corres- 
pondent of the " Drych," and was very popular as a lecturer. His 
residence in America was at Scranton, Pennsylvania. He died at 
Brymljo, near Wrexham, where he was engaged on a lecturing tour. 
Hf published several Welsh works, the best known being " Llwybrau 
Bywyd " (The Paths of Life) ; "Cartref Dedwydd, neu Ysgol y Teulu" 
(A Happy Home, or the Family School) ; and " America, a Gweledig- 
aethau Bywyd" (America, and Visions of Life). (Bye-Goms, 1900, 
p. 357). 

Davies, William Ryle, 1844-1901, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister and essayist, was a native of Dinorwic, near Carnarvon, and 
worked in a slate quarry until he was 25 years of age. He was 
prevailed upon to study for the ministry, and after a course of training 
at Bala College he went to Edinburgh, bi;t, owing to failing health, his 
stay there was shortened, and he had to retm-n to his native country. 
He afterwards accepted the pastorate of one of the Calvinistic 
Methodist churches in London, where he died. He was a powerful 
preacher, and an excellent prose wi-iter. He contributed several able 
articles — chiefly on philosophical subjects — to the Welsh magazines. 
(C. & D. Herald.) See Y Geninen, Mch., 1902, p. 40 ; his Welsh 
Biograjjhy, Iiy the Rev. Richard Humphreys. 

Davis, David, 1815-1886, a lawyer, was born in Cecil County, 
Maryland, U.S.A., of Welsh parents. He gi-aduated at Kenyon College, 
and the Yale College Law School, and in 1876 became a resident 
of Bloomington, Illinois. He was thrice elected judge in a State 
Court, holding that position from 1848 to 1862. From the latter year 
to 1877 he was a Justice of the United States Supreme Court ; United 
States Senator from Illinois, 1877-1883, and president pro tempore of 
the Senate, lo31-83. (Welshmen as Factors, tfcc, W. R. Evans; 

Davis, David Daniel, 1777-1841, a physician, was born in the 
parish of Llandefaelog, near Carmarthen, where his father farmed 
his own freehold. He receive<l a good grammatical education at a 
local school, and afterwards proceeded to a college at Northampton, 
and then to the Glasgow University, where he greatly distinguished 
himself, taking the degree of M.D. in 18Ul. For the first ten years of 
his professional life he acted as one of the physicians to the Sheffield 
General Infirmary. In 1813 he removed to London, and six years 


later, liaving arrived at great eminence, he was Belected as physician- 
accoucheur to tlie Duchess of Kent, upon the occasion of the birtli of 
Queen Victoria. He delivered lectures annually on midwifery, and, 
before the close of his professional career, he had taught 1100 pupils. 
In 1825, he was elected to the chair of midwifery in the University 
College, London. He wrote very valuable works on operative mid- 
wifery anil obstetric metlicine. He was succeeded in his practice by 
his son, Dr. John Hall Davis, who added to the advantages derived 
from the experience and teaching of his father indefatigable industry, 
patient investigation, and great powers of original observation. (Diet. 
Em. W.) See Munk's Coll. of Phi/s., 1870, vol. 4, p. 117 ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. ; The Luneet, 30th May, 184^ ; Imp. Diet. Biog. 

Davis, James, about 1705 -17.'i,'j, satirical writei-, a Welshman, was 
a member of Jesus College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A., in 1726, 
and M.A., three years later. He turneti his attention to Medicine, and 
practised at Devizes, in Wiltshire. The year before his death, he 
published, anonymously, a volume on the antiquities of the Devizes, a 
well-written jeu d' esprit aimed at the absurd etymologies of Musgrave, 
Stukeley, Wise, Baxter, anil Willis. It was reprinted as the work of 
"Dr. Davis," in "The Repository," London. Owing to a misstatement 
by George Hardinge, the piece has been wrongly ascribed to Dr. 
Sneyd Davies. The Doctor's jokes deceived the author of " Chronicles 
of the Devizes," who has reproduced the choicest as hard facts in what 
professes to be a grave biography of Davis. Among the additional 
MSS. in the British Museum are three of Davis' letters to Professor 
John Ward, but wholly upon antiquarian subjects. {Dirt. Nat. Biog). 
See Monthly Review, vol. 10, p. 231 ; Waylen's Chronicles of the 
Devizes, pp. 13, ijla-G. 

Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889, president of the American 
Confederate States, was born in Christian (now Todd) County, 
Kentucky. He was of Welsh descent, and in a statement dictated by 
him a short time before his death, he stated that he was the grandson 
of Evan Davies, the youngest of 3 brothers, who emigrated to America 
from Wales in the early part of the eighteenth century, and who 
settled at Philadelphia. He was the first elected to the United States 
Senate in 1847, and was afterwards recognised as one of the leaders of 
the Democrats. In 1861 he framed the revolutionary scheme adopted 
in secret caucus by the Southern senators, ami in the same year he 
was electeil president. Then followed the War of 1861-5. After two 
years of its course his policy began to be severely criticised. Charges 
of mismanagement and of cruelty to the Northern prisoners were 
made, while the Confederate finances completely collapsed. Shortly 
after the final defeat of the Confederates at Richmond in 18()5, Davis 
was captured and imprisoned for two years, but afterwards released on 
bail. In 1881 he published "The Rise and Fall of the Confederate 
Government." (Oswestry Advertiser, 4th June, 1890 ; The Catnbrian, 
1896, p. 77 ; Harmsworth ; Memoir of Jeff'erson Davis, by his widow, 

Davis, John, about 1750- , of Tredyffryn, a soldier in the 

American war, entered the service in March, 1776, under Col. Atlee. 


In November of the same year, he raised a company — the 9th 
Pennsylvania — of which he became captain. He was faithful to the 
close of tlie war, and his services in several battles " were an honour 
to this soldier of Welsh blood." He was a member of the Welsh 
Presbyterian Church. {Welshmen as Factors, dc). 

Davis, John, about 1815-1890, a physician, who attained con- 
siderable eminence in America, was the son of parents who emigrated 
from Wales. He was born in New London, Ohio, and received the 
best educational advantages. In 1852 he was instrumental in founding 
the Miami Medical College at Cincinnati, in which he was for many 
years professor. For about 30 years he was on the Cincinnati Hospital 
Staff, and for two years during the war he was medical officer in 
charge of the Government Marine Hospital in the same city. 
{Welshmen as Factors, Ac). 

Davis, Noah, 1818-1902, an American Judge, was born at 
Haverhill, in the United States. He was of Welsh descent, his 
ancestoi-s liaving crossed to America aliout the same time as Roger 
Williams, settling first in Connecticut, and afterwards in Rhode Island. 
He was educated at Albion, New York, and was admitted to tlie bar 
in 1841. In 1857 he was appointetl a Justice of the New York 
Supreme Court, and after serving for 12 years he resigned. For some 
time he sat as a Republican in the National House of Representatives, 
resigning in 1870 on his Ijeing appointed Attorney for the southern 
district of New York. He aftei'wards served another term of 5 years 
as Justice of the Supreme Court. After his retirement in 1887 he 
engaged in the practice of the law in New York city, his advice and 
services being sought in some of the most important cases. He was 
an active member of the New York St. David's Society, and took a 
special interest in the prosperity and welfare of the Welsh people in 
America. {The Cambrian, 1896, p. 5, and 1902, p. 373). 

Davis, Thomas Osborne, 1814-1845, a poet and essayist, 
born at Mallow, in Ireland, was of Welsh descent. Sir Charles Govan 
Duffy once declared that " the young Irish patriot of Welsh descent 
had been the idol of two generations of scholars and thinkers." Mr. 
Justin McCarthy described him as " the most surprising man ever 
connected with any movement." His " Cymric Rule and Cymric 
Rulers," arranged to the popular air of " Men of Harlech," is of 
inferior poetical merit to the generality of his songs, but it borrows an 
interest in our eyes from the insight which it affords into his warm 
love for Wales and Welshmen. When quite a young man, he became 
a member of the Dublin College Historical Society, where he was 
distinguished, less for eloquence of delivery than for the solidity of his 
arguments and the scope of his learning. As a politician he was 
enthusiastic, laborious, manly and sincere, and endowed with a 
wonderful power of waking up a popular feeling of nationality in Irish 
Society. As a writer he showed gi-eat force, and all the verve of a 
mind of original genius and acquired erudition. Some of his poems 
are full of dramatic action, fine illustration, and great pathos. His 
essays and poems have been published, the latter with an introduction 
by Mr. Wallis. In conjunction with J. B. Dillon and Charles Gavan 


Duflfy he founded the " Nation " newspaper, in 1842, to which he 
contributed stirring ballads and articles on patriotic subjects. He 
■wrote an " Essay on Irish Songs" for Barry's Songs of Ireland, 
1845, and also edited the Speeches of Cur ran. {Die Red Dragon; 
Imp. Diet. Biog.). See Sir C. 6. Duffy's Young Ireland; Wehl/s 
Compendium of Irish Biog., p. 12.'5 ; Wills' Irish Nation, vol. 4, jip. 
78, 612 ; Read's Cabinet of Irish Literature, vol. 3, p. 180 ; Miss 
Mitford's Recollections of a Literary Life, vol. 1, p. 18. 

Derfel, Robert Jones, 1824-1905, a poet and prose writer, 
was burn in tlic ]iarisli of Llandderfel, Merionethshire, his parents 
being Edward and Catherine Jones, Fotty. At an early age he 
removed to Manchester, and for some time was a conmwti i;il triiveller 
in the drapery line. He then opened a shop in MiinriMsdr as a 
bookseller, which proved a failure, but finally succeeded in isiablishing 
a fairly good business as printer. Adopting the surname " Derfel," he 
attracted considerable notice by means of a series of able letters on 
" The Treachery of the Blue Books," which he contributed to the 
" Amserau." He was a gi-eat admirer of Robert Owen, of Newtown, 
and was a voluminous writer on Socialistic subjects, both in English 
and Welsh. Among these productions may be mentioned " Common 
Misconceptions about Socialism," 1891 ; and " Poverty, the Problem of 
Problems." He was also the author of " Hymns and Songs for the 
Church of Man," 1889 ; " Social Songs," 1889 ; " Caneuon," 1891 ; 
and " Caneuon Canol Oes." He had previously — 1864 — published a 
collection of Welsh songs under the title " Caneuon Gwladgarol 
Cymru." (F Cymro ; Cardiff Catalogue). 
Dewi Arfon, see Jones, David. 
Dewi Fardd, see Jones, David. 
De'wi Glan Dulas, see Morris, David William. 
Dewi Haran, see Evans, David. 
Dewi Silin, see Richards, David. 
Dewi Wyn o Eifion, see Owen, David. 
Dew^i ^Vyn O Esyllt, see David, Thomas E. 
Dick Aberdaron, see Jones, Richard Robert. 
Dillw^yn, Lew^is Llewelyn, 1814-1892, member of Parlia- 
ment, was a son of Lewis Weston Dillwyn, of Swansea (see post). 
He was educated at Bath, and afterwards succeeded to the management 
of the Camlirian and Glamorgan Pottei-ies. Later, he turned his 
attention to the manufacture of spelter, and, in conjunction with 
Sir William Siemens, was the means of introducing the steel industry 
at Landoi'e, and establishing a large manufactory there. He was M.P. 
for Swansea for 37 years. (C. and D. Herald). 

Dillwyn, Lewis "Weston, 1778-1855, a botanist, naturalist, 
and member of Parliament, was the son of William Dillwyn, who was 
descended from an old Breconshire family of that name. He con- 
tributed a nnmbei' of valualile articles to the scientific magazines, and 
was elected a Fello\\- of the Royal Society ; he was a very voluminous 


writer, and among his publiontions may be mentioned " Contributions 
towards a History of Swansea " (1840) ; and " Materials for a Fauna 
and Flora of Swansea and the neighbourhood " (184S). In 1832, he 
was returned to the Reformed Parliament, as a second member for 
Glamorganshire, being again returned in 1837. Four years later he 
retired finally, on the dissolution of Parliament, from public life. 
(His Biography, by " Soranus," M.D. 1855). See Proceedings of the 
Linncean Society, 1856, p. 26 ; Jackson's Lit. of Botany, p. 540 ; 
Cat. Scientific Papers, vol. 2, p. 205 ; Smith's Friends' Books, vol. 1, 
p. 582 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Cainbrian Journal, 1855, p. 287. 

Dyer, John, 1701-1757, the poet, was the son of a solicitor, and 
was born at Aberglasney, Carmarthenshire. He was educated at West- 
minster School, under Dr. Freind, and, having a natural taste for 
painting, he became pupil to Jonathan Richardson, but did not attain 
distinction in that profession. In 1727 he published his " Grongar 
Hill," which became one of the most popular of descriptive poems. 
After travelling in Italy, he published a poem, in blank verse, on 
" The Ruins of Rome," which contains many passages which are truly 
poetical, the strain of moi-al and political reflection being that of a 
benevolent and enlightened mind. He afterwards entered into holy 
orders, and resided at Coningsby, in Lincolnshire. His largest work, 
"The Fleece, a didactic poem in four books," did not enhance liis 
reputation, its theme — " the care of sheep, the lal^ours of the loom, and 
arts of trade" — being hardly adapted to poetry. Wordsworth found 
parts of the poem " dry and heavj-," and parts superior to any writer 
in verse since Milton, for imagination and purity of style. Dr. 
Drake expressed the opinion that " it contains a vast variety of land- 
scapes, drawn and coloured in the most spirited and fascinating style." 
It was praised, among Dyer's contemporaries, by Dr. James Grainger, a 
verse writer in The Monthly Review, antl by Gray. He left behind him 
"the reputation of an ingenious poet, the character of an honest, 
humane, and good man." {Diet. Em. W. ; The Poems of John Dyer 
—The Welsh Library.) See Y Geninen, 1901, p. 144 : Red Dragon, 
V. 10, p. 208 ; Johnson's Lives of the Poets ; Duncombe's Letters, v. 3, 
p. 56 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Y Geninen, 1887, p. 288 ; Malkin's South 
Wales, vol. 2, p. 447. 

Eben Fardd, see Tliomas, Ebenezer. 

Edmunds, Edward, 1839-1872, a Congregational minister and 
author, was Ijorn at Beaufort, Breckuockshii'e. In his sixteenth year 
he commenced preaching, and soon after was admitted to Bala College, 
where he remained two years. From Bala he removed to the Presbyterian 
College, Carmarthen. Too much work during his college career over- 
powered his delicate constitution, and laid the foundation of consump- 
tion. In 1864 he was ordained pastor of the English cause at Ruabon, 
Denbighshire, but soon afterwards his health gave way, and lie made 
his home for the last six years of his life with the Rev. Evan Evans, 
Werngoch, near Neath. He was endowed with brilliant natural talents, 
was an excellent scholar, and an unceasing worker. About two years 
before his death, while scarcely able to leave his bed, he composed an 


essay on " The Church in Wales," which g-.iined the prize of twenty 
guineas offered by the Liberation Society. His numerous contributions 
to the Welsh and some English periodicals show that he was an able 
and elegant writer. {Congreg. Year Book, 1873.) 

Ednyfed, see Evans, Frederick. 

Edwards, Bela Bates, lS02-l.S.o2, a theologian, who was born 
in Southampton, Massachusetts, U.S.A., was of Welsh elescent. For 
five years he acted as assistant secretary of the American Education 
Society. " He was an enthusiast in sacred philology, and originated 
and planned many pliilanthropic institutions." He founded the 
American Quarterly Observe)' in 1.SH3 : eilited the Bihliral Bepository 
from 1835 to 1838, and the Bihliotheca Sacra from 1844 to 18.'}2. In 
1837 he became Professor of Hebrew, and in 1848 Professor of 
Biblical Literature, at Andover Seminary. (Welshmen as Factors, 

dc. ; Lippinrott.) 

Edwards, David, died about 1800, the bridge-builder, was tlie son 
of William Edwards, the liuilder of what is known as "the bridge of 
beauty" at Pontypridd (171',^- 1789, &q& post). He inherited his father's 
skill to a peculiar degree. His best-known work is the Llandilo bridge, 
in Carmarthenshire, " of three very light, elegant, and large arches," 
built in 1786. He also constructed the tine five-arched bridge over 
the Usk at Newport. {The Gamhrian, 1902, p. 146.) 

Edwards, David, 1816-1876, an American preacher, was born 
near Llangedwin, Denbighshire, and with his parents rmigrated to 
America in 1821. He was a man of extraordinary influence and 
power, and stood in the front rank as a pulpit orator. He was for 
twenty-seven years bishop of the " United Brethren in Christ." For 
four years he occupied the eilitorial chair, conducting the Religious 
Telescope, the official organ of the church of his choice. He died at 
Baltimore on the 6th of June, 1876, and his biography was written by 
a fellow-countryman, Dr. L. Davis. { Welshmen as Factors, &c., W. R. 

EdAwards, Ebenezer, 1824-1901, a Baptist minister and author, 
was a native of Llangollen, Denbighshire, and received his education 
at the Academy at Haverfordwest. He liegan to preach at the age of 
eighteen years, and while yet a young man he went to America, and 
entered a college in New York State to prepare himself for the 
ministry. In 18.'>1 he became pastor of the Baptist cause at Pittston, 
afterwards removing to Cincinnati, Ohio. About 1858 he came over to 
Wales, and spent some years in the ministry at Brynmawr, and 
afterwards at Llanelly. He returned to America in 1868, and 
after several changes settled at Allentown, Pennsylvania, where he 
died. He received the degree of D.D. from an American University. 
He was a close student of the Bible, a profound thinker, and an 
eloquent preacher. He composed a numl>er of poems of considera ble 
merit. At the World's Fair f^isteddfod at Chicago in 1893 he won a 
prize of three hundred dollars for his essay on " Welshmen as Factors 
in the Formation of the United States Republic," which was afterwards 
pul>lished in book form. (The Cambrian, 1901, p. 135.) 


EdAvards, Ebenezer Ward, -1897, a clergyman, was a 

eon of the Rev. Williim Edwards, vicar of Llanymawddwy, and after- 
wards of Llangollen, and a l^rother of Bisliop Edwards of St. Asaph. 
He held the Powis scholarship at Jesus College, Oxford, and graduated 
third class in Lit. Hum. in 1852, proceeding to his M.A. <legree three 
years later. He was ordained priest in 1854, and was curate to his 
father at Llangollen from 1853 to 1857. In the latter year he was 
presented to the vicarage of Nantglyn, and 1862 to the vicarage of 
Ruabon, being afterwartls appointed canon. During his vicariate at 
Ruabon he formed the ecclesiastical parish of Penycae,was instrumental 
in building its church and schools, and in securing endowments sufficient 
to maintain the living. The parish of Biyn, Penylan, was also formed 
and a separate church and clergyman were given to it. The Wynnstay 
chapel was afterwards built, so that Canon Edwards saw his original 
parish divided into three, each having a church and incumbent of its 
own. He also restoreil Ruabon parish church, and had the National 
schools greatly enlarged. {Bye-Gones, 1897, p. 202.) 

Edwards, Edward, lS();i-lS79, marine zoologist, was born at 
Corwen, Merioiicthshirr. He started life as a draper at Bangor, but 
in 1840 estaljlished a foundry and iron works at Menai Bridge. In 
1864, he ])egan to study the habits of the fish in their native element. 
He was induced to attempt an artificial arrangement for preserving the 
fish in health in confinement, so as to be enabled to study their habits 
more closely. By an imitation of the material conditions under which 
they flourished, he succeeded in introducing such improvements in the 
construction of aquaria as enabled him to preserve the fish for an 
almost unlimited period without change of water. He invented a dark- 
water frame slope-back tank, the result of a close study of the rock- 
pools, with their fissures and chasms in the rocks on the shores of the 
Menai Straits, and the principle of his tank was most successfully 
adopted in all the large establishments of this country, as well as on the 
Continent and in America. To the pursuit of this interesting branch 
of natural history he devoted the best years of his life. {Diet. Nat. 
Biog.) See Ath'enccutn, 6th Sept., 1879. 

Edwards, Edward, 1812-1886, one of the pioneers in the 
formation of Free Pulilic Libraries was, according to his own statement, 
of Welsh descent, though born in London. From 1839 to 1849 he was 
employed at the British Museum. In 1851, he was appointed librarian 
of the first Free Public Library at Manchester. He did much to 
secure the passing of the Free Public Libraries' Act, 1850. He was the 
author of " Memoirs of Libraries," in 2 vols. ; " Lives of the Founders 
of the British Museum," 2 vols. ; '• The Life of Sir Walter Raleigh," 
and several other works. In 1883, he was placed on the Civil List, 
receiving a pension of £80 a year. {Cymri/ Manceinion ; The Library 
Chronicle, 1886). See Greenwood's '■'■Edward Edwards,'' 1902; 
Autobiographical passages in Edward's Writings : Memoirs in 
Academy and Library Chronicle : Reports of British Museum Com- 
mittees, 1835 and 1849 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Edwards, Edw^ard, 1842-1906, a self-made man, was born in 
Merthyr Tydfil. When still young he emigrated to America, 


securing employment with Mr. David Thomas, the pioneer in 
tlie iron business in America (1794-1882, see pust). Commencing his 
career there in a very humble capacity, he ultimately became president 
and general manager of the Slatington Rolling Mills, and amassed a 
lai'ge fortune. His success in life was due solely to his own efforts, 
and to the high standard of honesty which he always maintained. 
(Westeni Mail, M-dvch 10th, VMM-,). 

Edwards, George Rowland, 1810-1894, a soldier, who was 

of Welsh descent, was the son of John Edwards, Esq., J. P., Ness 
Strange, and after completing his education at Donnington school, near 
Shrewsbury, went out to India, at the age of 1(5, in the service of the 
East India Company. He returned to England in 1887, and served 
during the Chartist riots at Welshpool and Montgomery, as secretary to 
Lord Clive. In 1889 he again sailed for India, and became attached to 
the 2nd Madras Cavalry, serving in that presidency for 28 years. In 
1862 he returned home, and retired from the army with the rank of 
colonel. He was the owner of considerable property, and in addition 
to the estate at Ness Strange, ha<l property at Cefnymaes, near Oswestry. 
He was an ardent advocate of small holdings, and wrote several papers 
advocating the scheme contained in the phrase "Three acres and a 
cow." These papers were published, and were favoural>ly noticeil at 
the time by Lord Onslow, and many members of Parliament. 
{Bye-gones, 1894, p. 303.) 

Edwards, Griffith, 1812-1893, " Gutyn Padarn," a clergyman 
and poet, was a native of Llanberis, Carnarvonshire. He started 
life as a quarryman, l)ut sought diligently after knowledge by 
all the means he could obtain, and was fortunate enough to 
receive some classical instruction from the Rev. P. B. Williams, 
of Llanrug, a well-known scholar and antiquary. This enabled him 
to enter Trinity College, Dublin, where he gi-aduated B.A. in 1843, 
and M.A. in 1846. In 1882, he was awarded the prize at the 
Beaumaris Eisteddfod for the best " Elegy to the Memory of the 
Rev. John Jenkins of Kerry." He afterwards won several Eisteddfod 
prizes. His services were greatly sought after as an adjudicator at 
various Eisteddfodau, for besides being himself a good poet, he was 
considered an excellent critic, who always discharged his duties with 
ability, impartiality, and general satisfaction. He was a Fellow of 
the Royal Historical Society. {Mont. Worthies). See Y Geninen, 
March, 1894, p. 1 ; Ibid, March, 1898. p. 68 ; Ibid, 1897, p. 127. 

Edwards, Henry Thomas, 1837-1884, Dean of Bangor, 

was boj'n in Merionethshire, and educated at Westminster, where he 
was a Welsh " Bishop boy," holding the Williams Exhiljition. In 
1861, he l)ecame curate to his father at Llangollen. He reconstructed 
the church in that town at an expense of £3,000, and the nunilier of 
the congregation was nearly trebled during his stay there. In 1866 he 
became vicar of Aberdare, and three years later vicar of Carnarvon. 
In 1876 he was made Dean of Bangor. He took a prominent pai-t in 
all movements tending to the welfare of the Church, and was the 


means of raising £7,000 towards the reconstruction of Bangor 
Cathedral. He was a prominent platform man, and took an active 
part in the public meetings to protest against the exclusion of Religious 
Education from primarj' schools, and against Disestablishment. He 
was the author of several works, including a commentary on St. 
Matthew's Gospel. His paper at the Swansea Church Congi-ess, in 
1870, will be long remembered for the forcible arguments with which 
he pleaded the cause of the Church in Wales. Of all his public 
utterances, however, the most remarkable for intellectual and oratorical 
efforts was, perhaps, his speech on "The National Recognition of God," 
delivered at Carnarvon shortly before his death. {Diet. Nat. Biog. ; 
Recollections, Ac). See Church Portrait Journal, 1879, p. 71 ; 
Mackason's Church Congress Randhook, 1877, p. 76 ; Y Geninen, 
1884, p. 161; IMd, 1897, p. 36; Welsh Religious Leaders in the 
Victorian Era ; Red Dragon, 1884, p. 38.^. 

Edwards, Sir Herbert Benjamin, 1820-1868, a major 
in the East India Company's service, was l)orn at Frodesley, in 
Shropshire, of Welsh parents. He completed his education at King's 
College, London, and passed for his cadetship in 1840. In 184.") he 
was appointed aide-de-camp to Sir Hugh Gough, commander-in-chief 
of the British Army in Hindustan. He was afterwards appointed first 
assistant to Sir Henry Lawrence, and for his conduct during the Sikh 
war he received the local rank of major in the Lahore territories. 
He came to England in 1849, and resided for .some mouths in Wales, 
where he wrote his " Year on the Punjauli Frontier," returning to 
India in 18.51. Subsequently appointed a commissioner at Peshawur, 
he did good service at the outbreak of the Indian mutinies liy calling 
on the native chiefs to rally round him, and send him levies of horse 
and foot. This appeal was promptly responded to, with the result 
that Peshawur, instead of being the source of constant anxiety, became 
the strongest point in India. This change was in no small measure 
due to Edwards' alertness, and to the faith in himself with which he 
had inspired the population of the district. He was made a K.C.B. in 
1860, and colonel in 1861. The University of Cambridge conferred 
on him the degree of Doctor of Laws, and the East India Company 
gave him a pension, and struck a gold meilal in his honour, but he 
did not long survive these marks of respect. {Bye-Gones, 1874, p. 137). 
See Imp. Diet. Biog.; his Memorials, by his widow, 1886. 

Edwards, James, 1800-1887, a Baptist minister and poet, 
was born at Abergavenny. Under the pastoi'ate of the Rev. Micah 
Thom:i8 he was induced to study for the ministry, and in 1824 entered 
Horton College. Four years later he was ordained pastor of the 
church at Shipley, in Yorkshire. In 1830 he removed to George 
Sti'eet, Nottingham, where he laboured for 34 years. His popular 
pulpit gifts caused him to be much sought after. A musical voice, 
fluent utterance, lucid language, and apt illustration comluned to 
render his preaching attractive. In 1839 his health gave way, and 
consumption was feared. Under medical advice he went to Madeira, 
and there recovered his vigour. Some verses which lie wrote on the 


voyage appeared in the " Baptist Magazine," and furnished a good idea 
of a poetic faculty which never failed him. He resigned the pastoral 
office in 18tj-i, and finally settled at Finehley, fretjuently preaching in 
and around London. {Baptist Handbook, 1888). 

Edwards, James Coster, 1829 -189t;, a self-made man, was 
born in a small cottage near the Trefynant Works, Ruabon. He liegan 
his buHiness life in Wrexham, where he was apprenticed in a drapery 
establishment, but caring nothing for it, he left it and became 
storekeeper at Acrefair. When about 30 years of age he started in 
business as a brick and tile manufacturei-. This was the first step in 
the building of a business which increased to enormous proportions. 
He set to work with the most untiring perseverance. The business 
was a very small one, and only gave employment to one man and two 
boys, the bricks being made in the old-fashioned way by grinding tlie 
clay in a kind of " pug-mill." In a short time he bought the 
Trefynant Works, then only a very small concern. These works he 
quickly developed, and at the date of his death they covered some six 
acres of ground, contained twenty-nine kilns, and gave employment 
to two hundred and seventy men. About 1872, he bought what 
are now the celebrated Penybont Terra Ootta Works. He may 
almost be said to have l)een the original maker of terra-cotta ware in 
the kingdom, having begun his workings before the famous Doulton. 
In 1892 - 3 he served the office of High Sheriff for the county of 
Denbigh, of which he was a magistrate and lord-lieutenant. {Bije- 
Oones, 18'.»C., p. 314). 

Edwards, John, about 1700-1776, "Sion y Potiau," a poet and 
translator, was born in Glyn Ceiriog, Denbighshire. He was a weaver 
by trade, and resided for many years in a cottage near the church at 
Llansantfifraid- Glyn -Ceiriog. It is said that, some time after his 
marriage, he left his family, and spent 7 years in the service of a 
London bookseller. In that capacity he acquired considerable general 
knowledge. He was a poet of some merit, and translated " The 
Pilgrim's Progress" into Welsh (Chester: printed by John Harvey, for 
David Lloyd, 1768). He had two sons, Cain and Abel. The former 
gained some note as a publisher of almanacs ; the latter was the father 
of the Rev. Abel Jones, Baptist minister, of Merthyr Tydfil. {Llyfrydd 
y Cymry ; Y Tyst Apostnlaidd, 1850, p. 136 ; Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Edwards, John, 1714-1785, a hj'mn writer, was born at 
Shrewsbury, of Welsh parents. He spent the earlier years of his life 
in his native town, and afterwards went to Ireland, where, under the 
preaching of Mr. Whitetield, he became a religious character. Becoming 
a preacher, he laboured under Mr. Wesley at Leeds for some years, but 
afterwards built a chapel of his own in that town, and there he 
continued to minister for upwards of thirty years. He possessetl 
considerable aliility as a preacher, and, being a devout and godly man, 
his residence at Leeils proved to be of great service to the people there. 
He published a volume of hymns of great merit. {Bye-Gones, 1874, 
p. 137). 

Edwards, John, d. about 1740, parish clerk of Manafon, 


Montgomeryshire, was a poet who wrote englynion and carols, some 
of which were printed in the almanacks then annually published by 
his friend and neighbour, Evan Davies (Philomath), antl by Gwilym 
Howell, of (Mont. Worthiefi). 

Edwards, John, 1747-1792, '-Sion Ceiriog," a poet, was born 
at Crogen Whidys, in Glynceiriog, Denbighshire, but at an early age he 
removed to London. He, Owen Jones (Myfyr), and Robert Hughes 
(Robin Ddu o Fon), were the three literary Welshmen who founded 
the Gwyneddigion Society in 177;5, of which Edwards successively 
acted as secretary and president. He was a poet of some merit, and 
attained considerable fame as an astronomer. He was also an accom- 
plished musician. He wrote an " awdl " (ode) for the meeting of the 
Gwyneddigion Society on St. David's Day, 1778. John Jones, Glan-y- 
gors, contributed some memorial verses to the " Geirgrawn " of June, 
1796, with these prefatory remarks:— "To the memory of John 
Edwards, Glynceiriog, in the parish of Llangollen, Denbighshire, who 
was generally known as ' Sion Ceiriog,' a poet, an orator, anil an 
astronomer, a curious historian of sea and land, a manipulator of 
musical instruments, a true lover of his country and of his Welsh 
mother tongue, who, to tlie great regret of his friends, died and was 
buried in London, September, 1792." (B. Cerddorion Gymreig). See 
Enwog. G : Y Geirgrawn, June, 1796 ; Did. Nat. Biog. 

Edwards, John, 17.55-1823, a preacher with the Calvinistic 
Methodists, was a native of Ereiniog, Carnarvonshire. In 1816, he 
published a veterinary handbook, under the title of " Y Meddyg 
Anifeiliaid," which became exceedingly popular. In 1835, a second 
edition of the work was published, revised by liis son, John Edwards ; 
and in 1865, a third edition, edited by his son and his grandson, John 
Edwards, M.R.C.V.S., Abergele (Wrexham : Hughes & Son). From 
1795 to 1811 he lived at Gelligynan, a farm in the parish of 
Llanarmon-yn-Ial, Denbighshire, removing in the latter year to 
Plascoch, Llanychan, in the Vale of Clwyd, and again, in 1817, to 
Caerwys, near Denbigh, where he died. {Enivog. C-). See Meihodist- 
iaeth Cymru. ; Introduction to Y Meddyg Anifeiliaid. 

Edwards, Sir John, 1770-1850, member of Parliament, was 
the son of John Edwards, a solicitor, of Greenfields (now called Plas 
Machynlleth), his mother lieing a daughter of Richard Owen, Esq., of 
Garth, near Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire. He represented the Mont- 
gomeryshire Boroughs in the House of Commons for many years, and 
after his retirement from Parliament was presented by his constituents 
with a testimonial in acknowledgment of the fidelity and zeal with 
which he discharged his duties in five successive Parliaments, and of 
the firm, consistent, and independent suj)port he gave in carrying out 
the great principles of civil and religious liberty and commercial free- 
dom. As a reward for his services in the JJberal cause a baronetcy 
was conferred upon him in 1838. His election contests, and the peti- 
tions consequent thereon, are said to have cost him over £20,000. His 
only daughter, Mary Cornelia, in 1846 married George Henry Robert 
Charles William Vane Tempest, who became second Earl Vane and 
fifth Marquis of Londonderry. {Mont. Worthies). 


Edwards, John, 1804-1887, a Wesleyan missionary, was born at 
Bridford, Devonshire, of Welsh paients. At the age of 19 he liecanie 
a local preacher, and in 1830 was received by the Conference as a pro- 
bationer. After a year spent in an English circuit he was ordained to 
the ministry, prior to his being sent out as a missionary to South 
Africa, in 1832. For the next seven years he laboured in the interior, 
then a wild and almost unknown legion. The rest of his life was 
devoted chiefly to the work of colonial circuits, in which he was 
remarkably successful. Port Elizabeth, Cradock, Somerset East and 
Graatt-Reinet circuits were the result of his entei'prise and zeal. In 
1876 he became a supernumerary, and fixed his residence at Grahams- 
town. His toils and perils and successess are vividly described in his 
little book entitled " Fifty Years of Mission Life." {Mitnites of 
Conference, 1888). 

Edwards, John D., 1805-1885, a clergyman and musician, was 
a native of Gwnnws, Cardiganshire. He completed his education at 
Jesus College, Oxford, where he graduated M.A. In 1836, and in 1843, 
he published two volumes of his own compositions, under the title of 
" Original Sacretl Music." Several of his hymn-tunes — among them, 
St. John, Blenheim, Liston. and Lovely — were very popular. He had 
an excellent voice, but declined to take up singing as a profession. 
His services were in frequent demand as musical adjudicator at the 
Eisteddfod. {B. Cerddorion Oymreig.) 

Edwards, Jonathan, 1G29-1712, a clergyman and author, was 
born at Wrexham, and entered Christ Church, Oxford, as servitor in 
1655. He WPS admitted B.A., and ordained in 1659 ; elected Fellow 
of Jesus College in 1662 : passed B.D. in 1669, and was successively 
rector of Winnington, in Oxfordshire, and Hinton, in Hampshire. He 
became principal of Jesus College in November, 1686, and treasurer of 
Llandaff in 1687. He took his degree of D.D. immediately after he 
became principal, and officiated as vice-chancellor of the Univeisity 
from 1689 to 1691, besides enjoying other preferments. He flgureil in 
the Antinomian controversy which agitated the Presbyterians and 
Independents of London in consecjuence of the alleged anti-Calvinistic 
tendency of Dr. Daniel Williams's " Gospel Truth " (1691). Stephen 
Lobb, the Independent, quoted Edwards as condemning the positions 
of Williams, but Edwards, in a letter to Williams (dated from Jesus 
College, 28th October, 1697) justified the latter's statements on the 
points in dispute. He also entered into a controversy on original sin 
with Daniel Whitby, but this he did not live to finish. In 1693 he 
published " A Preservative against Socinianism " in four parts, 4to, 
(Oxford). {Diet. Em. W. ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Enivog. C. ; Wood's 
Athence Oxon. 1692, vol. 2, p. 898 ; Chalmer's Biog. Diet., 1814, vol. 
13, p. 52 ; Edwards' Works. 

Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758, an American divine and 
metaphysician, who was of Welsh descent, was born at East Windsor, 
Connecticut, U.S.A., and settled as pastor at Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1727. His pastorate was eminently successful, and during 
it he wrote the greater number of the twenty-nine publications which 


issued from his pen. Here he remained till 1750, when he became 
missionary to the Housatounuck, or River Indians, at Stockbridge, in 
1751. There he laboured till 1757, when, on the death of Aaron Burr, 
president of the Princeton College, he became president, but died a few 
weeks after his installation. His eldest son, Timothy Edwards (1738- 
1813), began life as a merchant in Elizabeth Town, New Jersey, and 
afterwards became Judge of Probate for Berkshire county. His youngest 
son, Pierrepont Edwards (1750-1826), who was a lawyer, sat as Judge 
of the United States District Court. Eilwards wrote on widely diverse 
subjects, including "Thoughts on the Revival of Religion in New 
England" (1742), and "Life and Diary of the Rev. David Brainerd" 
(Christian Fireside Library, 1852), "The Freedom of the Will" (1754), 
and a "Treatise on the Religious Affections" (1746). Collected 
editions of his works have been published by Austin (8 vols., 1808-9), 
Williams and Parsons (8 vols., 1817), and S. E. Dwight (10 vols., 1830). 
( Wales mid Us People ,- Lippincott ; Harmsworth). See his Life, hj 
Allen (1889) : Allibone's Dictionary of Autlwrs; Spark's American 
Biography, vol. 8 ; Griswold's Prose Writers of America; Duyckinck's 
Cyckypcedia of American Literature, vol. 1 : Wales, v. 3, p. 18. 

Ed'wards, Jonathan, 1745-1801, an American minister, born 
in Northampton, Massachusetts, was a son of the Rev. Jonathan 
Edwards (170)5- 175.S, see ante). He graduated at the college of New 
Jersey in 1765, and was tutor at Princeton College for two years 
(1767-68). In 1769 lie became pastor of the church at White Haven, 
near New Haven, Connecticut, where he remained until 1795, being 
then dismissed on account of his religious opinions. He was next 
settled at Colebrook, Connecticut, and finally was ajipointed president 
of Union College, Schenectady, in 1799. He was a man of superior 
talents and great penetration, being scarcely inferior to his father 
in intellectual force. He published a number of sermons and 
treatises on theology, including " A Dissertation concerning Liberty 
and Necessity" (1797), and "The Necessity of the Atonement" 
(1785). {Lippincott.) See Collected edition of his works by Tryon 
Edwards, 2 vols., 1842. 

Edwards, Jonathan W., 1772-1831, an American lawyer, 

grandson of the celebrated Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758, see ante), 
was l)orn in New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A. He graduated at Yale, 
with distinguished honours, in 1789. On taking his second degree 
two years later, lie attacked with so much ability the law granting a 
double portion of an estate to the eldest son (if the father died intes- 
tate), as to cause its repeal. He practised at Hartford. (Lippincott). 

Ed-wards, Joseph, 1814 - 1882, a sculptor, was born at Ynysgau, 
Merthyr Tydfil. When about 17 years old, he had an opportunity of 
seeing the collection of sculpture at Margam, which set up a longing 
for a wider knowledge of an art to whicli he was already attached. He 
was employed for t w i years by a statuary mason at Swansea, but in 1835 
he set out for London, with £10 and an introduction to the eminent 
sculptor Behnes in his pocket. He secured employment with Behnes 
at a guinea a week, and in 1837 was admitted a student at the Royal 


Academy of Ai-ts, receiving in the following year the silver medal of 
the Academy for the best model from the antiiiue. His progress was 
rapid, and he was entrusited with several important commissions. In 
1881, he found himself in straitened circumstances, and was elected a 
Turner annuitant of the Academy, which brought him £50 a year, 
but he died in a few months afterwards. His bust of Edith Wynne, 
the Welsh pri)iia domia, has been d 'Scribed as " one of the best female 
busts in English art." The monument erected by him in Cefn 
cemetery, near Merthyr Tydtil, forms a beautiful object, to which 
visitors who feel any interest in works of art have their attention 
called. The commission for this monument, which is the only work 
of such dimensions that Edwards executed in marble, was given to 
him by Mr. William Harries. He was buried at Highgate cemetery, 
London, very near his statue of " Religion," and over his grave a 
simple but effective memorial in marble was erected. {Wales, O. ^l. 
Edwards, v. 3, p. 24, t-t seq.) See Wales, vol. 2, p. 134, et seq. 

Edwards, Justin, 1787-1853, a divine and author, was born in 
Westhampton, Massachusetts, U.S.A., of Welsh parents. He graduated 
at Williams College in 1810, and was afterwards for fifteen years pastor 
at Andover, and two years in Boston, when he resigned his ministerial 
charge and devoted himself to the cause of temperance, the observance 
of the Sabbath, and to educational and literary labours. He was for 
six years president of the theological seminary at Andover. As secretary 
of the AJnerican Temperance Society, he prepared the " Temperance 
Manual," of which about two hundred thousand copies have been 
printed. He was also one of the founders of the Boston Tract Society. 
He was descended from Alexander Edwards, who emigrated from 
Wales, and resided at Northampton, Massachusetts, from 1655 to 1690. 
{Welshmen as Factoids, &c., W. R. Evans.) See Lippincott. 

Edwards, Lewis, 1809-1887, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
essayist, and theologian, was born in Cardiganshire. The school he 
first attended was kept by a superannuated old soldier. He was after- 
wards educated by an uncle, and eventually attended a school kept by 
a clergyman. He then removed to Llangeitho, where in 1826 he l)egan 
to preach, and proceeded later to Edinburgh. There he was enabled 
to take his degree at the end of three instead of four years, and was 
the first of his denomination to obtain the degree of M.A. He was 
later, in 1837, ordained, and shortly afterwards opened a school for 
preachers, and eventually became Principal of what is now known 
as Bala College. In 1845 he sent forward the first number of 
T Traethodydd, the leading Welsh magazine. He was one of the most 
finished writers of Welsh in his day, and did more than any of his 
contemporaries to cultivate a taste for literature in the people. His 
best-known work is on the " Atonement," of which an English trans- 
lation was afterwards published. His essays — theological and literary 
— were collected and published in two volumes (Wrexham: Hughes & 
Son). In 1865 he received the degree of D.D. from his own University 
of Edinburgh, having previously refused it from America. As a preacher 
he had a name among the mightiest, rather on account of the matter 
and substance of his sermons than the delivery. (Diet. Nat. Biog. ; 


nistorical Handbook.) See Enwog. y Ffydd, vol. 2 ; Y Drysorfa, 1<S87, 
p. 316 ; Hanes Lien. G. ; Y Beirniad, 1861, p. 150 ; Su7iday Schools, 
dc, p. 68 et seq., Cymni, vol. 9, p. .")5 ; Y Traethodydd, 19(12, p. 1 ; Ihid., 
1888, p. 124 ; 76ia;., 1894, p. 107 ; Ibid., 1895, p. 276 ; Cymru, vol. 15, p. 
24 ; Biog. & Grit. Essay, G. Tecwyn Parry, 1896 ; 'Welsh Religious 
Leaders in the Victorian Era; The Welsh Review, 1907, p. 73; Y 
Geninen, Mar. 1897, p. 19 : Ihid, 1900, p. 233. 

Edwards, Lewis, 1832-1861, " Llewelyn Twrog," a promising 
bard and essayist, who was exit down at the early age of 29, was born 
at Maentwrog, near Festiniog. Some of his productions appeared in 
the " Herald Cymraeg," and the " Bedyddiwr," but most of his work 
remained in manuscript at the time of his death. He was a successful 
Eisteddfodic competitor. His poem on " Love " is of considerable 
merit. (Enuvgion Meirion.) 

Edw^ards, Morgan, 1722-1795, an American preacher and 
scliolar, was born at Peuyyarn, South Wales, and, after spending some 
years in Irelanil, emigrated to America in 1761. He graduated M.A., 
and wrote a History of the Baptists in Wales, together with a number 
of handbooks giving the History of the denomination in America. 
The first of these was published in 1770. He evinced a love for 
historical research long before he left for America, and some of his 
productions are said to liave been published in Ireland. Dr. Cathcart 
thus speaks of him : — ■'■'■ Edwards was a man of uncommon genius. 
In his day, no Baptist minister equalled him, and none since his time 
Las surpassed him." {Welshmen as Factors, <ic.; Bye-Gones, 1879, 
p. 181.) 

Edwards, Pierrepont, 1750-1826, a lawyer, the youngest son 
of the Rev. Jonathan Kdwards (1703-1758, see ante), was born in North- 
ampton, Massachusetts. He graduated at Princeton, and in 1771 began 
life as a lawyer. He served in the Revolutionary army, and was a 
member of the Continental Congress of 1787-8, afterwards becoming 
Judge of the United States District Court. {Appleton's Biography.) 

Edwards, Richard Foulkes, 1836-1870, " Rhisiart Ddu o 
Wynedd," a poet, was a native of Bodfari, in the Vale of Clwyd. He 
showed gi'eat promise at a very early age, and wi'ote some very 
creditable poetry in his fourteenth year. When nineteen years of age 
he competed for the chair prize at an Eisteddfod, and, altliough he 
failed to win, his poem was placed in the first class. In 1858, he 
published a small volume of his poetry, which was very favourably 
received (Denbigh : T. Gee), and at the Llandudno National Eisteddfod, 
in 1864, he secured the chair for the best poem on " John in the Isle 
of Patmos." He was an ordained minister with the Welsh Congrega- 
tionalists, and after receiving a call to the pastorate of the church at 
Mynydd Islwyn, South Wales, he crossed over to America in the hope 
of restoring his health, but died in Wisconsin, at the early age of 
thirty four. ( Y Traethodydd, 1903, p. 299.) See Emvog. G. ; his 
Welsh Biography & Works, by Rev. R. Mawddwy Jones (Bala : H. 
Evans, 1906). 

tttv. Luwis EiiWAiM.s, D.D. 


Edwards, R. Wynne, 1825-1885, a clergyman, was a son of 
Canon Wynne Edwardp, of Rhuddlan, Flintshire, and took his degree 
at Oxford. He was for several years rector of Meifod, Montgomery- 
shire, and in 1877 was presented to the living of Llanrhaiadr-in- 
Kinmerch, Denbighshire, being afterwards appointed a canon of 
St. Asaph, rural dean, and examining chaplain to the Bishop. He 
belonged to the evangelical school, and was an eminent Welsh scholar. 
(Bye Gones, 1885, p. 239). 

Edwards, Roger, 1811-1886, a Calvinistic Methodist minister 
and author, was born at Bala, and received a good education. He joined 
the Calvinistic Methodists, and preached his iirst sermon when twenty 
years of age. In 18;i4 he settled at Mold, where he remained till the end 
of his days, earning the popular title of " Bishop of Flintshire." 
His services in connection with the rise of Welsh periodical literature 
were invaluable. During the earlier period of his life he edited 
" Cronicl yr Oes." In 1846 he was appointed sole editor of 
" Y Drysorfa," the monthly organ of the Calvinistic Methodists ; and, 
with Dr. Lewis Edwards, he was instrumental in starting the leading 
review of Wales — '• Y Traethodydd." In 1840 he edited a denomina- 
tional hymn-book, for which he wrote several hymns. He also 
published a volume of moral and sacred songs. He was the author 
of one of the best Welsh novels — " Y Tri Brawd " (The Three 
Brothers). He edited the " Sermons of the Rev. Henry Rees," and, 
with Ebenezer Thomas (Eben Fardd), compiled a collection of Psalms 
and Hymns entitled " Y Salmydd Cymreig " (Denbigh : T. Gee, 
1840) ; and in conjunction with Dr. John Hughes, Carnarvon, pre- 
pared the biography of the Rev. .John Hughes, Liverpool. (Sweet 
Singers of Wales ; Bt/e-Gunes, 1886, p. 101 ; Cardiff Catalogue). 
See Hanes Lien. G. ; Y Drgsor/a, 1886 ; Y Geninen, 1886, p. 217 ; 
Ibid. 1887, p. 28. 

Edwards, Samuel, 1814-1872, a Congregational minister, 
was born in the neighbourhood of Glandwr, Pembrokeshire. Having 
spent a short time at Llanboidy, under the instruction of the Rev. W. 
Davies, of Rhydyceisiaid, he was ordained at Ceidio, Carnarvonshire, 
in 18ii8. In 18.'?9 he received an invitation to become minister of the 
church at Graig, Machynlleth, and its branches, which he faithfully 
served until 18515, when he gave up the church at Graig, and confined 
his labours more especially to the churches at Zoar, Glasbwll, and 
Derwenlas. He was a man of fine natural abilities, a striking and 
effective preacher, and of undoubted piety. Resides some tracts, and 
many articles in the Welsh periodicals, he published a selection of 
sermons, in two volumes, which were very favourably received 
(Machynlleth: J. Williams, 1867-71). (Congreg. Year Book, 1873; 
Cardiff Catalogue). 

Edwards, Sydenham Teak, 1769-1819, natural historical 
draughtsman, was the son of a schoolmaster and organist at Aber- 
gavenny, Monmouthshire. Having made copies of certain plates in 
Curtis's " Flora Londinensis," they were brought under the notice of 
William Curtis, the founder of the " Botanical Magazine," who was 


BO pleased with their execution that he sent for Edwards to London, 
and there had him instructed in drawing. From 1798 onwards, 
Edwards made nearly the whole of the tracings for the " Botanical 
Magazine," and also for the " Flora Londinensis." He accompanied 
Curtis on various excursions, that the plants and animals they found 
might be drawn from life. His patron died in 1799, but Edwards 
continued to furnish the " Botanical Magazine " with drawings, and 
he also issued six parts of " Cynographia Britannica," consisting of 
coloured engravings of the various kinds of dogs in Great Britain, &c. 
He also supplied the plates of a serial publication, the "New Botanic 
Garden," which began in 1805, was completed in 1807, and was re- 
issued by a difl'erent publisher in 1812, with text, under the title 
" The New Flora Britannica." In 1814 he was induced to withdraw 
from the " Botanical Magazine," and to start the "Botanical Register," 
the text of which was at first contributed by J. B. Ker-Gawler, and at 
a later period by Dr. John Lindley. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Gent. 
Mag., 1819, pt. 1, p. 188 ; General Inde.r, Botanical Mag., 1828, p. 10. 

Edwards, Thomas, 1G52-1721, divine and orientalist, was born 
at Llanllechid, near Bangor, and educated at St. John's College, 
Cambridge, where he graduated M.A. in 1677. In 1G8.5 he was engaged 
by Dr. Fell, Dean of Christ Church and Bishop of Oxford, to assist in 
the impression of the New Testament in Coptic, almost finished by 
Dr. Thomas Marshall. At the same time he became chaplain of Christ 
Church. In 1707 he was preferred to the rectory of Aldwinckle All 
Saints, Northamptonshire. He left a Coptic Lexicon ready for the press, 
and published " A Discourse against Extempore Prayer." Edmund 
Calamy referred to this book in support of his charge of apostacy 
against Theophilus Dorrington—" Defence of Moderate Nonconform- 
ity " — and Edwai ds retorted fiercely in " Diocesan Episcopacy proved 
from Holy Scripture : with a Letter to Mr. Edmund Calamy in the 
room of a Dedicatory Epistle." (Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Bridge's 
Northamptonshire (Whalley), vol. 2, p. 210. 

Edwards, Thomas, 1738-1810, "Twm o'r Nant," a poet, 
was born in the parish of Llanefydd, near Denbigh. His parents 
being poor, he practically received no school training, but learnt to 
read and write when very young. He wrote many songs and two 
interludes — a peculiar species of dramatic composition — before he was 
nine years of age. He was mostly engaged as a carrier in different 
parts of Wales, and his life is remarkable for its vicissitudes. He 
composed quite a number of interludes, in the acting of which he 
generally took part. Thej^ abound in genuine humour, and were very 
popular. In these he denounced the evil tendencies of his time in 
very scathing terms, his witty sayings and trite expressions making 
him the most popular bard of the day. Most of his productions 
are in the free metres, and were so put together as to be easily 
understood by the most illiterate, but he was also well versed in the 
more stringent rules of Welsh poetry. In 1790 he published a 
volume of poems called " Gardd o Gerddi " (A Garden of Songs). 
He was also a good prose writer, and the " Greal " for 180.5 contains a 
most interesting autobiography of his. He was buried at Whitchurch, 


Denbigh, where a tablet was placed to his memory by the 
Gwyneddigion Society. (Y Gwladgarivr, IcSS.S.) See his Works, 
with Biograj)hy (Liverpool : Isaac Foulkes, 1874) ; Y Traethodydd, 

1886, p. 271; Ibid., 1887, p. 122; Ihid., 1876, p. 45; Ihid., 1888, p. 433; 
7Z))d, 1907, p. 79; Cymru, O.G. ; Llyfrydd. y Gymry. Hanes Lien. 
G.\ Ceinion Lien. G., vol. 1, p. 304; Y Geninen, 1902, p. 66 ; Cymru, 
vol. 21, p. 235; Adgof invch Anghof, p. 6. 

Edwards, Thomas, 1779-1858, lexicographer and grammarian, 
was a native of Northop, Flintshire, and adopted the 7wm de plume 
of " Caerfallwch," the name of the hamlet in which he was born. 
At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a saddler at Mold, but 
a subsequent attempt to carry on Iiusiness on his own account 
proved a failure. In 1803 he obtain a post in the olEce of a Mr. 
Bell, and nine years later he became chief secretary to Mr. Nathaniel 
M. Rothschild. On one occasion he was sent to audit the accounts 
of some German princes with whom Rothschild bad dealings, and 
in two months his auditing resulted in a gain of £350,000 to his 
employer, who presented him with a cheque for £1,000. He was a 
good musician, and wrote a good deal of prose and poetry, but his 
chief work is his English and Welsh Dictionary, which was first 
published in 1850. This is a work of very great merit. A second 
edition appeared in 1861-4, and it was also published in America. 
Two of his poems are included in " Ceinion Awen y Cymry." In 
1847 he published " A Brief Analysis of Welsh Orthography " 
(Denbigh : T. Gee). He was for many years a member of the 
Gymmrodorion Society, and one of his addresses delivered before the 
Society — on " Currency " — was printed in " Seren Gomer." Enwog, 
C.) ; See Hanes Lien. G. ; Cardiff Catalogue. 

Edwards, Thomas Charles, 1837-1900. a Calvinistic 
Methodist minister and author, was a son of the Rev. Dr Lewis 
Edwards (see ante), and was born at Llanycil, Bala. He received his 
early education from his father, subsequently proceeding to London, 
and graduating M.A. at Oxford in 1862. In 1867 he took charge of 
the English Presbyterian Church in Liverpool, but resigned in 1872 to 
become first principal of the University College at Aberystwyth. 
He received the honorary degree of D.D. from Edinburgh, and 
in 1898 had the same degree conferred upon him by the 
University of Wales. In 1891 he resigned his post at Aberystwyth, 
becoming principal of tlie Calvinistic Methodist College at Bala, in 
succession to his father. In the work of securing an educated ministry 
for Wales he laboured incessantly ; he was a preacher of the first 
rank ; and as an expositor he took his place amongst the foremost. In 
the work of training young men for the ministry his worthy father did 
much, but he was able to do more. His chief works are: — "The 
God-Man," being the Davies Lecture for 1895 ; " A Commentary on 
the Epistle to the Hebrews," and " A Commentary on the Epistle 
to the Corinthians." He also published a memoir of his father in 

1887, and translated the history, constitution, rules of discipline, and 
confession of faith of the Calvinistic Methodists in Wales. (Diet. 
Nat. Biog. ; Cardiff Catalogue ; Historical Handbook). See Bye- 


Gones, 1900, p. 346 ; Y Geninm, Mch. 1901, pp. 1 & 52 ; F Traeth- 
odydd, 1885, p. 343 ; Ihid. 1901, p. 94, et seq.; Ibid. 1899, p. 1 ; Ibid. 
1904, p. 161, et seq. ; Y Geninen, 1900, p. 145 ; Ibid, 1901, p. 131 ; 
1906, p. 257 ; Ibid., 1907, p. 140 ; Welsh Religious Leaders in the 
Victorian Era. 

Edwards, Timothy, 1731-1780, an illustrious seaman, was 
descended from the ancient family of Nanhoron, in Ciirnarvonshire, 
and succeeded to the family estates on the death of his uncle, Richard 
Edwards. He entered the Navy, and was promoted to the rank of 
commander in 1757. In 1778 he accompanied Vice- Admiral Byron to 
the West Indies, and at an engagement o& Grenada he greatly distin- 
guished himself. His ship was reduced almost to a wreck, and in his 
despatches Byron bestowed the highest encomiums on his conduct. 
He took a prominent part in subsequent engagements, and was marked 
out tor signal honours as the reward for his gallant services, but on 
his voyage home he v> as seized with bilious fever, and died at sea. 
{Diet. Em. W.) See G. B., vol. 1, p. 228 ; Enivog. C; Ci/mru 0. J., 
p. 481. 

Ed'wards, Timothy, 1738-1813, a lawyer, was the eldest son of 
the Rev. Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758, see ante), and was born in 
Northampton, Massachusetts. After graduating at Princeton, he com- 
menced a commercial career in Elizabeth Town, New Jersey. When 
about 30 years of age, he removed to Stockbridge, where he remained 
till his death. He reached a very prominent position, and sat as 
Judge of Probate for Berkshire county. {Appleton's Biographij.) 

Edwards, William, 1719-1789, an extraordinary example of 
Belf-taught genius, was born at Eglwysilan, in Glamorganshire. At an 
early age he shewed great promise as a builder, and in 1746 he under- 
took to construct a bridge over the river Taff. He put up a fine 
structure, but in two years and a half it was completely cariied away 
by a great flood. He at once commenced another, but, when the arch 
■was completed, tlie key-stones were forced out by the enormous 
pressure over the haunches. Still determined to succeed, he set to 
■work again with a new plan of his own invention, and by means of 
three circular apertures through the work over the haunches, he so 
reduced the weight that there was no further danger from it. This 
bridge was completed in 1755, and remains a splendid monument of 
his talent. He devised several improvements in the art of bridge- 
building, and was employed to carry out several important works. 
For the last 40 years of his life, in addition to his daily occupation, 
he served as pastor of the Congregational Church at Groeswen, near 
Pontypridd. (Malkin's South Wales, vol. 1, pp. 83-94, where there 
is an engraving of the Taff bridge.) See Diet. Em. W. ; Georgian 
Era, vol. 4, p. 501; Diet. Nat. Biog ; Cymru, vol. 28, p. 321; 
A Gentleman's Tour through Monmouthshire and Wales in 1774 ; 
Tr Ymofyniidd, April, 1865. 

Ed'wards, William, abt. 1735- a colonel in the American 

army, and afterwards an extensive manufacturer, was of Welsh 
descent. He introduced tanneries into New York State, and shipped 


to Boston, in 1704, the first tanned leather from Northampton. He 
worked his way up from being a journeyman in Elizabethtown, New 
Jersey, where he eai-ned but £30 a year, to be a manufacturer of 
great wealth and influence. Bishop says that to him "the leather 
manufacture of America is indebted for some of the most valuable 
mechanical aids it has ever received ; " and according to Johnson's 
Cyclopaedia, the success of the industry "must he ascribed to the 
improved methods first employed l)y Edwards." (Welshmen as 
Factors, d-c.) 

Edwards, William, 178.5-1863, an engineer, born near Welling- 
ton, Salop, of Welsh ]>arents, was one of the many remarkable men, 
who, by honesty of purpose, native talent, and great personal industry, 
succeeded in bringing themselves into notice, notwithstanding tlieir 
humble birth and want of early training. He spent his youth in 
learning the trade of mechanical engineer, and afterwards joined his 
brother in business at Wellington, where, in 1822, he succeeded in 
devising a plan for lighting the shop with coal-gas. This he did 
without understanding how it had been effected elsewhere, so tliat he 
is entitled to all the credit due to an original designer. In 1823 he 
put up works to supply the central part of the town with the same 
light, and several of the surrounding towns availed themselves of his 
services in the same way. (Bi/e-Gones, 1879, p. 181.) 

Edwards, William, 1826-1884, "Cymro Gwyllt," a musician, 
was a native of Llanhhangel-y-Creuddyn, Cardiganshire, and a 
stonemason by trade. His musical talent developed early, and he is 
said to have won a prize for composing a hymn-tune when he was but 
12 years of age. He composed quite a numlier of tunes, two of which 
were published in " Moliant Israel : " but most of his productions 
remain in manuscript. (B. Cerddorion Cynireig.) 

Edwards, William Camden, 1777-18.>5, engraver, was born 
in Monmouthshire. Early in the nineteenth century he went to 
Bungay, in Suffolk, to engrave portraits and illustrations for the Bible, 
" Pilgrim's Progress," and other religious works. He afterwards left 
Biingay for a time, but subsequently returned, and ended his days 
there. He was buried in the cemetery of Holy Trinity, Bungay. He 
was very industrious, and his productions were of the most varied 
description. Most of his plates were portraits, and in this branch he 
became very proficient. A complete set of his engravings and etchings 
found their way into the collection of ^Ir. Dawson Turner, among 
them being Sir Joshua Reynolds ; Dr. Johnson, after Reynolds ; Sir 
William Chambers, after Reynolds : Flaxman, after J. Jackson ; 
Hogarth, after himself ; Fuseli, after Sir Thomas Lawrence : James 
Hogg, after C. Cox ; and D. Savers. His otlier plates included 
" Milton and his Daughters," after Romney : a landscape, after 
Salvator Rosa : and "The Head of St. John the Baptist on a Charger," 
from a picture in Mr. Dawson Turner's collection. {Diet. Nat. Biog.). 

Ehedydd lal. See Jones, William. 

Elias, David, 1790-1856, a brother of the eminent John Elias, 
■was born at Brynllwyd Bach, Abererch, South Carnarvonshire, and 


joined the Calvinistic Methodists about 1808, commencing to preach 
six or seven years later. He removed to Pentraeth, Anglesey, in 1830, 
where he died. He was ordained minister at Bala in 1835, and was a 
most acceptable preacher. His work on " Yr Arfaeth Dragywyddol " 
(The Eternal Design) was very favourably received. He also wrote 
some hymns. {G.B.) 

Elias, John, 1774-1841, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, was 
born in the parish of Abererch, near Pwllheli. He was indebted for 
his early training to his gi-andfather, and the religious impressions 
of his early days were deepened by a visit to the Bala Association 
in 17'.)2. He joined the Calvinistic Methodists at an early age, and 
in his twentieth year was appointed an itinerant preacher. His 
progress was very rapid, and notwithstanding his want of education 
he was soon found in the front rank. His passion for work was 
intense ; he laboured night and day to make amends for wliat was 
lacking in former days. Almost in tears did he plead with the 
rulers of the Presbytery for permission to attend the Rev. Evan 
Richardson's school at Carnarvon, and, when this was reluctantly 
granted him, his progress during the few months he attended the 
school was astonishing. In 17119 he removed to Llanfechell, and in 
1830 to Llangefni, Anglesey, where he resided dui-ing the rest of his 
life. His biographer, from personal acquaintance, says that " he was a 
man of very acute, as well as vigorous and sublime genius. His mind 

was most penetrating, piercing like his eye His strong intellect 

and solid judgment were clearly developed in his compositions, speeches, 
and sermons. Perhaps no mathematician could arrange his ideas better, 
and no logician could draw more correct and proper inferences from 
them, and no orator could bring them to Ijear on the people in a more 
commanding and influential manner, by the instrumentality of voice, 

manner, and eloquence His discourses possessed amazing 

depth, solidity and power." In his day, he was the greatest pulpit 
orator of Wales. There were many other great preachers — equal to 
him, perhaps, in some respects — -but Elias took the palm as an orator ; 
he was the Demosthenes of the Principality. He was buried at 
Llanfaes, Beaumaris, and over ten thousand persons followed his 
remains to the grave. {Diet. Em. W. ; Historical Handbook). See 
Enwog. y Ffydd, vol. 2, p. 41.5 ; Enwog. G. ; Hanes Lien. G.\ Gofiant 
John Elias ; Eliasia, by Bleddyn ; Morgan's Memoir : Morgan's 
Letters of J. Elias ; Bye-Gones, 1900, p. .520 : Y Traethodydd, 1845 ; 
Nodweddiad y Gyinry, page 211 ; Y Geninen, 1898, p. 135 ; Ibid, 
Mch., 1898, p! 32 ; Ibid, 1899, p. 65 et seq. ; Gymru, vol. 13, p. 181. 

Elias, John Roose, 1819-1881, " Y Thesbiad," a poet and prose 
writer, was the son of the Rev. David Elias (1790-1856, see ante), 
and was born at Bryndu, Anglesey. He received a good education, 
and after a short stay in Liverpool, became traveller for the North 
Wales district for a firm of Manchester warehousemen. His father had 
in the meantime started business as general dealer at Pentraeth, 
Anglesey, and upon the latter's death in 1856 the son succeeded to the 
business, and thereafter devoted his leisure to literary and antiquarian 
pursuits. He contributed a large number of articles to the Welsh 


press on literary, political, and social questions, in which he displayed 
considerable critical acumen. In the days of Oobden and Bright, he 
took an active part in the promotion of the doct:ine of Free Trade. He 
also wrote a good deal of poeti-y, both in JCnglish and Welsh, and 
published a small collection of his compositions, umler the title " Llais 
o'r Ogof " (A Voice from the Cave). (F Genimn, Mar. 1890, p. .57.) 

Elis Wyn O Wyrfai, see Roberts, Ellis. 

Ellis, David, 17;59-17'J5, a clergyman and author, was born at 
Hafod-y-Meirch, near Dolgelley, Merioneth. He served as curate at 
Llanberis, Llangeinwen (Anglesey), Derwen (Denl)ighshire), ami 
Amlwch (Anglesey), and afterwards became vicar of Llanberis, and, 
later, of Criccieth, Carnarvonshire. He rendered considerable service 
to Welsh literature by copying from old and imperfect MSS. the 
works of several Welsh poets. He was the compiler of the well- 
known " Piser Hir " — a long MS. book — which contains a great 
number of Welsh poems, dating from the 14th to the 18th century. 
This MS. is now at the Swansea Library, and at least two copies of it 
are in existence, in the handwriting respectively of Owen Williams, 
Waenfawr, and Sion Wyn o Eifion. It contains some of the most 
beautiful poems in the whole range of Welsh literature. He translated 
Taylor's "History of the Holy Jesus" (Trefriw : 177(3): Merrick's 
" Handbook of Prayers " (London : 1774) ; and one of Bishop Wilson's 
works. He also translateil " The Penitent Shepherd," an English 
poem by the Rev. Evan Evans (leuan Bi'ydydd Hir) into Welsh : this 
is published in " Blodau Dyfed," pp. 52, .5.5. His elegy on the death 
of leuan Brydydd Hir is to be found in " Trysorfa Gwybodaeth " 
(Carnarvon : 1807). {Enivog G.) See Cantref Meirionydd, p. 208 ; 
Adgof uivch Anghof, pp. 76 and 2 88; Hcutes Lien. G. \ Wales, vol. 3, 
p. 422 ; Y Greal, 1800, p. 25 : Y Brython, vol. 3, p. 9 ; Report on 
Welsh MSS. (J. Gwenogfryn Evans), vol. 2, part. 1, pp. 231, 239 ; 
Cymru, v. 9, p. 134 -. Llyfrydd. y Cymry. 

Ellis, Ellis Owen, 1813-1861, artist, was a native of Abererch, 
Carnarvonshire, his mother being a daughter of .John Roberts 
(Sion Llej'n). He displayed considerable talent at a very early age, 
and in 1834 we find him studying in the London Galleries. Soon 
afterwards his paintings were exhibited at Exeter Hall and at 
Westminister : his " Fall of Llewelyn, the last Prince of Wales," and 
" The Battle of Morfa Rhuddlan," being e vceptionally well received. 
His principal work was a crayon di'awing, about four feet by two, 
containing sketches of about a hundred Welsh bards and literary men. 
{Enivog. C). 

Ellis, John, about 1680 — about 1730, a clergyman and antiquary, 
was a native of Merioneth, his mother being a sister of Bishop 
Humphrey. He graduated D.D. at Oxford, and was preferred to 
the living of Llandwrog, Carnarvonshire, in 1710. He subsequently 
became Ai'chdeacon of Merioneth. He stood in the front rank 
as antiquary, and gave valuable assistance to Brown-Willis in the 
collection of materials for his hi.story of the diocese of Bangor. 
{Entvog. C). See Y Brython, vol. 5, p. 155 ; Lewis' Top. Diet. 


£llis, John, 1750-1834, musician, known as "John Ellis, Llan- 
rwst," was born in the parish of Llangwin, Denbighshire. He was 
a saddler by trade, but devoted all the leisure he could find to the 
study of music. He composed the congregational tune known as 
"Elliott," and an anthem, "Molwch yr Arglwydd," which was at one 
time very popular. He also published a collection of Psalms and 
Hymns (Trefriw : I. Da-vies, 1816) and other musical works, and 
rendered valuable service to congregational singing in North Wales. 
{Enivog. G. ; Cardiff Catalog ue). 

Ellis, Morgan A., 1<S32-1'.H)1, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born near Machynlleth. His parents were in poor circumstances, 
Init by means of outside assistance he received a liberal education, and 
graduated M.A. He kept a school at Llanlieris, near Carnarvon, 
for four years, and in 1853 emigrated to America. He edited the 
" Gwyliedydd " at Utica, and was connected with the " Drych," in 
New York, for a short time. Very soon he commenced to preach, 
and accepted a call from the Calvinistic Methodist Church at Ebens- 
burg, Pennsylvania, where he remained three years. At the close 
of 1866, on the death of Dr. William Rowlands, he was appointed 
editor of the " Cyfaill," and two years later became })astor ot the 
Calvinistic Methodist Church at Scranton, where he ministered for 
ten years. During this time he was associate editor of the " Baner 
America," a Welsh weekly. {The Cambrian, 1901, p. 377.) 

Ellis, Philip Constable, 1822-HH)(), a clergyman and author, 
was l)orn at Rhyllech, near Pwllheli, Carnarvonshire, and received 
his early education at the Beaumaris Grammar School, whence he 
proceeded to .Jesus College, Oxford, where he graduated M.A. in 1845. 
In the following year he was ordained deacon, and in 1847 priest. 
He served as assistant curate of Holyhead, under Dr. Charles 
Williams, from 1846 to 1850, and from the latter year to 1862 he held 
the vicarage of Llanfaes, Anglesey, being afterwards preferred to the 
rectory of Llanfairfechan. From 1862 to 18'.)0 he was rural dean of 
Arllechwedd, and examining chaplain to the Bishop of Bangor. He 
was Proctor in Convocation from 1876 to 18'.>2, and took a foremost 
part in the deliberations of that body. He was the author of 
"Letters to a Dissenting Minister," and publisheil several sermons and 
pamphlets. For more than half a century he was a prominent figure 
in the Welsh Church, and one of the alilest of her clergy. (C. and D. 
Herald.) See Bije-Gones, 1900, p. 38(». 

Ellis, Robert, 1812-1875, " Cynddelw," a Baptist minister, poet, 
and antiquary, was born at Llanrhaiadr, Denbighshire. His school days 
weie limited to three months, and his only other education was at a 
Sunday school. When he had grown to manhood he visited, for 
some months, John Williams, of Llansilin (afterwards the Rev. John 
Williams, Rhos, whose biography he afterwards wrote) his inter- 
coui'se with whom much stimulated his mind. His thirst for 
knowledge was insatiable ; he read everything that came in his way. 
He began to preach in 1834, and in 1862 settled in Carnarvon. 
As a preacher he is described as learned rather than popular. 


but as a public lecturer he was both popular and learned. The 
subjects of his lectures were " Ancient Welsh Wisdom," " Welsh 
Proverbs," " Welsh Laws," &c- He shewed cnusiderable skill in 
popularising antiquarian subjects. He wrote largely for the periodical 
literature of the day, and published several volumes, including "Tafol 
y Reirdd," and an Exposition on the Bible in Welsh. His poetical 
works were published in 1877. His " Cywydd Berwyn " (Traeth- 
odydd, 1875) is an excellent specimen of his poetical talent. His 
other works include " Lectures on Baptism and the History of the 
Baptists," and a "Life of the Rev. Ellis Evans, D.D." {Diet. Nat. 
Biog.; Mont. Worthies.) See Hones L/en. G.: Cynddelw: Traetlmivd 
Bywgraffyddol a Beirniadul (Carnarvon : Humphreys) ; Cymru, 
v. 24, p. 5 ; F Traethudydd, VM)2, p. 411 ; Adgof uwrh Anghuf, p. 337, 
et seq.; Y Geninei), 18'.)0, p. 127, and Mch., p. 11; Ibid., 1891, 
pp. 204 and 2.57, and Mch., p. 54 ; Ibid, 1892, p. 62 ; Welsh Religious 
Leaders in the Victorian Era ; Wales, v. 3, p. 319. 

Ellis, Samuel, 1803-18.52, of Irwell Works, Salford, a successful 
and ingenious mechanic, engineer, and iron founder, was born at 
Melinrhyd Mill, near Cyfronydd, Montgomeryshire. At an early age, 
he was placed by his father to work with his men and his other sons 
at the trade of a millwright. While he was thus employed, young 
Ellis read voraciously everything that came in his way, and he was 
very fond of sketching during his spare moments. Feeling a strong 
desire to go to Manchester, he sought his parents' consent, and this 
being refused, he started from home without it. He had only seven 
shillings and sixpence in his pocket, and walked all the way to 
Manchester. He obtained work at once, and soon gained the conti- 
dence of his employers, so that in less than three years he became 
foreman of more than one hundred men. There his genius for 
mechanical invention found full scope. He made great improvements 
in the construction of railway turntables and weighing machines, and 
Robert Stephenson described his turntable to be one of the greatest 
improvements in railway machinery that had ever come under his 
notice. He subsequently perfected an invention for better adapting 
travelling cranes for general use on railways. He was buried at 
Pendlebury Churchyard. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Ellis, Thomas, 1819-1856, a remarkable Orientalist, was born in 
Lower Street, Llanfyllin, Montgomeryshire, His father, John Ellis, 
was a shoemaker, and he himself in his youth worked at the same 
trade. He had a great talent for languages, and was employed by the 
late Mr. Bagster. about the years 1848 to 1850, in reading for the press 
his editions of the Hebrew scriptures, the Syriac New Testament, the 
Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon, Gesenius' Hebrew Lexicon, 
&c. From the commencement of 1S.51 to the date of his death, he 
was employed at the British Museum in arranging and cataloguing the 
Museum collection of Syriac MSS. — a work, however, which he failed 
to complete before he died. He had acquired the reputation of being 
a very remarkable Hebrew, Chaldee, and Syriac scholar. (Mont. 


Ellis, Thomas Edward, 1859-1899, one of the most brilliant 
young Welshmen of the nineteenth century, was born at Llanuwch- 
llyn, Merionethshire, and was the son of a farmer. After spending 
some time at the local schools, he was sent to the University College, 
Aberj^stwyth, and afterwards to Oxford, where he took his degree with 
honours in classical moderations and a second-class in modern history. 
In l.S8(i, he was elected Member of Parliament for his native county, 
and soon began to make his mark. In 1892, Mr. Gladstone appointed 
him second Government Whip, and subseijuently Lord Rosebery made 
him Chief Whip. His short and brilliant career soon afterwaids came 
to an end, but short as his life was, he lived to see the fulfilment of 
many of his aspirations, particularly in regard to secondary and 
higher education. In the discharge of his delicate and arduous duties 
of Chief Whip, Mr. Ellis achieved a degree of success which won him 
many cordial friends, and conquered all initial prejudices. Gifted in 
the highest degree with the rare faculty of true statesmanship, and 
already within sight of the highest positions in the service of the 8tate, 
his early death was mourned as a grave national loss. His name 
will go down to posterity as the champion of the class from which he 
sprang; his work for education in Wales will alone give him a distinct 
and honoured place in the history of the Principality he loved so well. 
He was the editor of the works of Morgan Llwyd, issued in the Guild 
of Graduates' series of Welsh reprints. (F Ci/tnro ; Young Wales, 
1899, p. 75 et seq). See Bt/e-Gones, 1899, p. 82 ;' Gymru, v. 1(5, p. 245 ; 
Ibid, V. 24, u. 93 ; Ibid, v. 26, p. 197 ; Ibid, v. 27, p. 161 ; Ibid, v. 28, 
p. 24, et seq ; Y Trarthodijdd, 1899, p. 269 ; Y Genitie?i, March, 1900, 
p. 1 ; Young Wales, 1903, pp. 199, 233 ; Ibid, 1904, p. 12 ; Ibid, 1896, 
p. 89 ; F Geninen, 1899, p. 145. 

Ellis, William, 1723-1786, a Calvinistic Methodist preacher and 
hymn- writer, was born in 1723, but the place of his birth is not 
known. He wrote a number of excellent hymns, the best known 
being those beginning: "Mi drof fy ngolwg ofnus, egwan," "Yr 
lesu roes i'r gyf raith lawn," " Amlygwyd cariad Duw," and " Tros 
oriau y prydnawn." (Hmirs Emynivyr.) 

Emrys, see Ambrose, William. 

Emrys ap Iwan, see Jones, Robert Ambrose. 

Eos Bradwen, see Jones, John. 

Eos Ceiriog, see Maurice, Hugh. 

Eos Ebrill, see Lewis, Rees. 

Eos Gwynedd, see Thomas, John. 

Eos Gwynfa, see Williams, Thomas. 

Eos Llechyd, see Davies, Owen. 

Eos Maldwyn, see Hughes, Edward. 

Eos Morlais, see Rees, Robert. 

Eos y Mynydd, see Williams, Thomas. 

Erfyl, see Jones, Hugh. 


Eryrog, see Pritchanl, E. M. 

Eryron Gwyllt Walia, see Owen, Robert. 

Eta Delta, see Davies, Evan. 

Evan, Lewis, 171'.' 1792, of Llanllugan, Montgomeryshire, one 
of the founders of Calvinistic Methodism in that county, was a man of 
remarkable zeal, piety and devotion. In the year 173'.), he heard 
Howell Harris preach at Trefeglwys, his second sermon in North 
Wales, and was so deeply impressed, that he became a changed 
character, ami rery soon began to exhort others to embrace the truth, 
which had proved his own salvation. His preaching was attemled 
with very beneficial results, and was very acceptable to many. On 
one occasion, he was imprisoned at Dolgelly fur no offence whatever, 
and detaineil for six months, but on his release, he decline'l to prosecute 
for false imprisonment the magistrate who had committed him. 
During fifty years of incessant lal)oar he had many narrow escapt-s 
from peril at the hands of his enemies. His Elegy, by James Lewis, 
Machynlleth, was pulilished in 17113. (Mont. Wort/lies). See Gjmru 
V. 30, p. S ; Cardiff' Catalogue. 

Evans, Arthur Benoni, 1781-1S.54, a miscellaneous writer, 
was born in Berkshire, his father being the Rev. Lewis Evans (17.'>')- 

1827, see post.) He graduated M.A. in 1820, and B.D. and D.D. in 

1828. In addition to his knowleilge of the classical languages, he 
became well versed in Hebrew, French, Italian, Spanish, German, and 
Icelandic. He studied geology ami botany, and his knowledge of 
Greek, Roman and English coins, of which he had a Lirge collection, 
was considerable. He was ordained to the curacy at Hartpury, 
Gloucester, 1804, and in the following year was appointed professor 
of classics and history in the Royal Military College, then established 
at Great Marlow, but which was afterwards removed to Sandhurst. 
He wroke a number of works, including "The Curate, and other 
poems," 1810 ; " Sermons on the Christian Life and Character," 1832 ; 
" The Village Church : a poem," 1843 ; and " Personal Piety, or Aids 
to Private Prayer for Individuals of all Classes," 18.51. His son. 
Sir John Evans (b. 1823), is an eminent archieologist, and was president 
of the Society of Antiquaries (18S.">-'.)2), and of the British Association 
(1897-8) ; another son — Sebastian, waa a designer for glass work, and 
a poet; and his daughter, Anne (1820-1870), wrote poems and music. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Gent. Mag., January, IH'i.'j, p. 100 ; Men of the 
Time, 1887, p. 360. 

Evans, Benjamin, 1740-1821, a Congregational minister and 
author, was liorn in the parish of Meline, Pembrokeshire, In his 
early days as minister he met with a good deal of persecution, and was 
compelled to apply to the King's Bench for a mandamus before he 
was allowed to conduct the services in peace. In 1779, he settled 
down in Drewen, Cardiganshire, where he gained the love and respect 
of the inhabitants. He set to work with great tact and judgment to 
obliterate the work of his predecessor, who was in sympathy with the 
Arminian movement, and gradually succeeded in prevailing upon the 


congregation to return to the Calvinism of the day. He took a 
prominent part in the Baptist controversy of 17S8 and the following 
years, and proliably nothing aliler was ever written on both sides of 
this question than the letters of Evans on the one side, and those of 
Dr. William Richards on the other. Evans' services to his country- 
men were very great, both from the pulpit and through tlie press. 
He published many Welsh books, and several poems, among them 
" Annerchiad Difrifol i'r bobl a gyfenwir yn Wesleiaid ac yn 
Arminiaid," with hymns (Carmarthen : J. Evans, 1807) ; and "Crefydd 
Gymdeithasol," by M. Maurice, the latter being a translation. {Dirt. 
Nat. Biug. ; Cardiff' Catalogue.) See Enivog ij Ffydd, v. 2 ; Lhjfrydd. 
y Cyninj ; Hanes LUn. G. ; Seven Gomer, 1822, p. 225. 

Evans, Benjamin, 1816-1886, a Baptist minister and author, 
was born of poor but pious parents at Drefach, Cardiganshire. Owing 
to the death of his father, he found himself, when only a tender youth, 
handling a pick and shovel in a coal mine. The only education he 
had was at the Sunday School. He was admitted to Pontypool 
College in 18;5tt, ami in three years he took charge of the cause at 
Hirwain, Glamorganshire. There he laboured very successfully — ■ 
forming two English churches as branches — until 1857. He then took 
the oversight of Mill Street Church, Aberdare, one of the branches 
referred to, and during his pastorate of four years, two other churches 
were formed as branches from Mill Street. In 1861 he removed to 
Neath, where, for a quarter of a century he filled, with honour and 
success, a difBcult sphere of labour — building a new chapel, and 
commencing a new church at Skewen, and acting as secretary to the 
Glamorganshire United Welsh Baptist Association. He wrote many 
Welsh tracts and pamphlets, and was the author of " Yr Ymholydd," 
a Catechism on the New Testament (Carmarthen : W. M. Evans, 1866). 
He was a very popular preacher, and one of the most original exegetes 
of the Welsh pulpit in his day. (Baptist Handbook, 1888 ; Cardiff 

Evans, Benjamin, 1844-1900, "Telynfab," a Baptist minister, 
was born at Dowlais, Glamorganshire, and commenced to work under- 
ground in the coal mines when about eight years old. Four years later, 
he pi'ofessed Christ, and joined Moriah Church, Dowlais. At the age 
of fifteen he removed with his parents to Mountain Ash, and there 
commenced to preach. He entered Haverfordwest College in 1868, and 
three years later was ordained pastor of the church at St. David's, 
Pembrokeshire, where he ministered with great acceptance for over 
five years. He accepted the pastorate at Gadlys, Aberdare, in 1876, 
which he filled with exemplary diligence, success, and respect, for nearly 
a quarter of a century. He was for many years agent for Wales of the 
Baptist Missionary Society, and was a member of the Committee of the 
Society. As an active Kisteddfodwr, he acted as adjudicator and 
conductor in several important Eisteddfodau, and his tact in interesting 
a large assembly placed him in the front rank as a speaker. He was a 
busy writer, and contributed largely to the Press on various subjects, 
but possibly his literary masterpiece was the biography he prepared of 
Dr. Price, of Aberdare (Aberdare: J. Howell, 1891). He deservedly 


occupied an honourable position as a priacher amongst the Welsh 
Baptists, and as a lecturer he was both humorous and instructive. 
{Baptist Handbdok, I'.tOl.) See Y Genincn, 1901, p. 210; Cardiff 

Evans, Caleb, 1737-1791, a Baptist minister and author, was 
the son of the Rev. Hugh Evans, of Bristol, who was a native of 
Breconshire. He was ordained in 17l'i7, and became colleague to his 
father as pastor of the church at Broadmead, Bristol. He afterwards 
received the degree of D.D. from Aberdeen. It was he who founded 
the Bristol Education Society, for the purpose of educating candidates 
for the Baptist ministry. He pulilisheil a volume of sermons, a 
collection of hymns, and other works, and edited the poems of 
Theodosia (Miss Slute), in three volumes. (Enwog. G.). 

Evans, Charles, 1781-lStj4, a Baptist minister and author, was 
born at Llanuwchllyn, Merionethshire. He began to preach in LS09, 
in connection with the church at Dolgelly. In ISU, he was admitted 
to the Abergavenny Academy, where he remained for two years. He 
subsequently settled as pastor of the small church at Llanefydd and 
Llansanan, under the auspices of the Baptist Association, where he 
laboured for seven years. In 182;5, he removed to Gefnmawr, where 
he remained for thirty-five years, twenty-nine of which he laboured as 
pastor of the church, when, owing to the infirmities of old age, he 
resigned his charge, and for the remaining six years, in consideration 
of past labour and faithfulness, he received for his support a stated 
9um from the church. In 1S61, the honorary degree of D.D. was 
conferred upon him by Jewell College, U.S.A., as a recognition of his 
literary labours. His preaching was almost entirely expository, and 
characterised by great earnestness, vigour, and comprehensiveness. 
He published several works, among them being " The Peculiar Tenets 
of the Baptists " and " A History of the Baptists, based on the Funda- 
mental Principles of the System." Of the latter — promising to be a 
work of rare value^a portion only has appeared, its publication 
having been interrupted by his death. {Baptist Handbook, 1865.) 

Evans, Christmas, 176G-I8;i8, a Baptist minister, was born at 
Ysgarwen, in the parish of Llandj'ssil, Cardiganshire, on Christmas 
day, 17t)tJ. His parents were not in a position to pay for his education, 
and, when about seventeen years of age, he became farm servant to the 
Rev. David Davies, Castle Howel, where he was initiated into the 
rudiments of learning. He was induced to commence preaching, and 
joined the Arminian Presbyterians, but preached also occasionally with 
the Independents and Baptists. He afterwards threw in his lot with 
the Baptists, and became one of the most powerful preachers of the 
day. In 1791 he settled at Llangefni, Anglesey, removing in 182ti to 
Caerphilly, in Glamorganshire, and 1832 to Carnarvon, where he 
remained till his death. His striking imaginative style, and lively 
theatrical action in preaching, rendered him exceedingly popular. He 
travelled much throughout the Principality, stirring the hearts of the 
people, and producing mighty results. For vigorous thought, rich 
imagination, and picturesque language, he had few equals. He 


was the author of several religious and controversial tracts in Welsh, 
and a few excellent hymns. He was also one of the translators of Dr. 
Qill's Exposition of the New Testament into Welsh. A volume of his 
" Allegories," with a sketch of his life, appeared in 18t)-l (Liverpool : 
Isaac Foulkes), and his works, in three volumes, edited by the Rev. 
Owen Davies, D.D., were published in 18i)5-7 (Carnarvon : W. Gwenlyn 
Evans). {Did. Em. W. ; Enivog. y Ffydd ; Cardiff Catalogue). See Y 
Beirniad, 18t)-i, p. 2rjl) ; Hanes Emynwyr Cymry, p. 215 ; Y Traeth- 
odydd, 1881, p. 440 ; Christmas Evans, by Rev. Paxton Hood ; Y 
TraetJwdydd, 1854 ; Y Geninen, Mch., 1898, p. 32 ; his Biog. by 
W. Morgan (183'.t), D. R. Stephen (1847), and T. Levi (1887). 

Evans, Daniel, 1774-1835, a Congregational minister and author, 
was a native of Kglwyswrw, Pembrokeshire. At an early age he 
became a church member, and soon afterwards began to preaeh, with 
great enthusiasm, from house to house. He thus trained himself for 
his future work, and became very successful as a home missionary. 
In 17'.t'.l he went to Bangor, where his salary, owing to the congregation 
numbering only 25 members, was £10 a year. Fortunately, he had a 
little private means. He gradually added to this congregation, and 
established seven new churches in the neighbourhood. In 1808 he 
removed to Mynydd Bach, in Glamorganshire, where he was again 
very successful ; during six months no fewer than 650 were added to 
the membership of his churches. He published several Welsh 
memoirs and other works, among them, " Cawell y Bara Croyw ; neu 
dri o Draetliodau " (Swansea : E. Griffiths, 1833) ; " Lleferydd yr 
Asyn " (Swansea : J. Harris, 1822) ; " Ychydig Ddaioni o Nazareth, sef 
Tair o Ganiadau " (Carmarthen : D. Harris, 1834). (Diet. Nat. Biog. ; 
Cardiff Catalogue). See Enwog. C. ; Ccfiant y Parch. John Jones, 
Talysarn, pp. 511-13 ; Babies Lien. C. ; Cymru, vol. 17, p. 147. 

Evans, Daniel, 1792-184tJ, "Daniel Ddu o Geredigion," a 
clergyman and poet, was born at Maes Mynach, in the parish of 
Llanfihangel Ystrad, Cardiganshire, his father being a wealthy farmer. 
He was first sent to Lampeter School, and afterwards to Jesus College, 
Oxford, taking his degree of B.D. He was an excellent classical scholar, 
and was a good writer of Latin verse. He W(m the chair prize at the 
Carmarthen Eisteddfod in 1823 for a Welsh ode on " St. David's 
College," and at the same eisteddfod he took the prize for an ode on 
" The Recent Victories of the Greeks over the Turks." His poetical 
works were published in 1831, under the title of "Gwinllan y Bardd," 
and acquired considerable popularity, his plain and unaffected style 
endearing his compositions to Welsh readers. The volume referred 
to contains thirty-six of his Welsh hymns. Nothing that he has 
written is so well known as his hymn-poem on the Prodigal Son. Its 
dramatic caste stands in the way of its being used as a whole, but 
some of the verses are extensively known. (Diet. Em. W. ; Sweet 
Singers of Wales.) See Hanes Lien. G. ; Enwog C. ; Y Brytlion, 
vol. 2, second edition, p. 23tt ; Y Geninen, March, 1901, p. 10 ; Cymru, 
vol. 3, p. 79; Ibid, vol. 16, p. 183; Y Traethodydd , 1900, p. 280; 
Ibid, vol. 17, p. 205 ; Nodweddiad y Cymry, p. 269 ; Y Oeninen, 
1886, p. 227 ; Ibid, 1897, p. 125. 


Evans, Daniel, l<S21-18iS9, a clergyman, was educated at Sidney 
Sussex College, Cambridge. He graduated in 1844, and in the same 
year was ordained deacon, and priest in 184;'). He was curate of 
Wolstanton, Staffordshire, in I844-() ; of Bangor in 184(J-.')8 ; vicar of 
the latter place 18.'i8-89 ; Rural Dean of Arfon and Honorary Canon 
of Bangor Cathedral, 1880-9. Never was there a clergyman more 
devoted to his work in every department than Canon Evans. He was 
a diligent visitor and a quiet and unobtrusive worker among the poor 
as vicar of Bangor and chaplain of the Workhouse. In his charitable 
works, his right hand knew not what his left did. As a preacher he 
was earnest and impressive ; there was an evenness about his sermons, 
and they were always good. The Church of St. James, Upper Bangor, 
was built largely through his efforts, at a cost of £li,()tK), and was 
consecrated in 18G7, the then Bishop of Lincoln (Bishop Jackson, 
afterwards of London) preaching the English sermon on that occasion. 
(^Recollections, Jr.) 

Evans, Daniel, 1833-1888, a clergyman, was educated at St. 
Bees and St. David's Colleges. Ee was ordained deacon in 185t), 
and priest in the following year. He was curate of Mynydd- 
islwyn 18.56-8; Merthyr Tydfil, 18,o8-(iO; vicar of Corris from 
18tJ0 to 1872 ; rector of Llanwrin 1872-6 ; vicar of Carnarvon 
1876-85; honorary canon of Bangor Cathedral in 1876, and in 1877 
the Archbishop of Canterl)ury conferred on him the degree of D.D. 
Canon Evans was a typical Welsh preacher — eloquent, powerful, 
persuasive, and pathetic. His collection of " Welsh hymns for the 
use of the Church in Wales," supplied a much-needed want, and 
it was for some time generally used. Up to 1880 it had passed 
through fourteen editions, and is still in use, notwithstanding the 
issue of several other collections of Welsh hymns, all in use in the 
services of the Church in Wales. In conjunction with Dean Edwards, 
he took a prominent part in the defence of the Cliurch on public 
platforms, and delivered a number of eloquent addresses. His labours 
on behalf of the Welsh Church press were not less powerful and 
effective. He was also the author of " Meddiannau yr Eglwys " 
(The Possessions of the Church). {Recollections, tic.) See Y Genimn, 
Mch., 1892, p. 6 ; Ibid, 1897, p. 36. 

Evans, Daniel Silvan, 1818-1903, a clergyman and lexico- 
grapher, was a native of Llanarth, Carmarthenshire, and was 
ordained priest in 1849. In 1862 he was presented to the living 
of Llanymawddwy, which he held with great distinction for fourteen 
years, and was then promoted to the rectory of Llanwrin, where he 
resided up to the time of his decease. He was made Canon of Bangor 
in 1888, and was subsequently appointed to the chancellorship of the 
cathedral, which he held for eight years. For an equal period he had 
been previously professor of Welsh at the University College of Wales, 
and was, in virtue of his eminence as a Welsh scholar, appointed a 
Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford. As far back as 1858 he established 
his reputation as a Welsh scholar by publishing an English-Welsh 
dictionary, which is far and away the best work of the kind. 


Some years later, he published an able work on Welsh orthography 
(" Llythyraeth yr laith Gymraeg "), and a translation of the Black 
book of Carmarthen and the Book vi Aneurin. He also edited the 
works of Gwallter Mechain, in four volumes, and the works of leuan 
Brydydd Hir. His other works — as poet, editor, translator, and 
essayist — are numerous and important ; among them, editions of " Y 
Bardd Cwsg" (Elis Wyn) ; " Llyfryddiaeth y Cymry " (Rev. Wm. 
Richards) : Stephens' " Literature of the Kymry ;" ami Lewis Morris' 
" Celtic Remains." His great work, however, was his Welsh dictionary 
(left incomplete), upon which he laboured for more than forty years. 
In I'JOl, the degree of doctor in literature was conferred upon him by 
the University of Wales. {The Western Mail.) See Bye-Gones, 
1903, p. 84 ; Cymru, vol. 3, p. 81 ; Young Wales, 1901, p. 184 ; 
T Genmen, 1905, p. 15. 

Evans, David, about 1700-1788, a clergyman and author, was 
born in the parisli of Llangyniw, ilontgomeryshire, and successively 
held the livings of Llanerfyl and Llanymynech : being afterwards 
appointed canon of St. Asaph. He was an excellent scholar, and 
received the degree of D.D. He assisted Dr. Burney in writing his 
" History of Music," and rendered valuable help to P^dward Jones in 
collecting and arranging old Welsh airs. Among his papers a letter 
from one of his friends was discovered, retjuesting his literary assis- 
tance in the following terms: — "A friend of mine, of the name of 
Samuel Johnson, talks of writing a Dictionary of the English language, 
and would be much obliged to you for sending a list of those English 
words which are derived from the Welsh." Dr. Evans was buried in 
his native parish, a marble tablet being erected to his memory. 
(Einvog. C.) See F Brython, vol. 5, p. 154 ; Edwards' Brown 
Willis ; Lewis' To2}. Diet. ; Cymru, vol. 30, p. 41. 

Evans, David, 1813-1885, "Dewi Haran," a poet, was a native 
of South Wales, and for the last few years of his life resided at Ponty- 
pridd. He took great interest in Welsh literature and poetry from his 
youth, contributing not a little to the periodical press. He had written 
several prize essays at the National and other l]isteddfodau. A 
selection of his poems, under the title of " Telyn Haran " (Haran's 
Harp), dedicated to Lord Tredegar, with portrait, was published in 
1878 (Pontypridd : B. Davies). The volume was edited by the Rev. 
W. Glanffrwd Thomas, and contains English translations by Titus 
Lewis, F.S.A. (Bye-Gones, 1885, p. 2(55 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Evans, David, 1814-1847, a Wesleyan preacher and author, was 
born at Al)erhosan, and liegan to preach before he was nineteen years 
old. He afterwards spent some time at the Hoxton Theological 
College, London, and joined the Cardigan Wesleyan Circuit, removing 
afterwards to ilold. He wrote an able treatise in Welsh to confute 
the Arian and Socinian heresies, entitled, " The Personal Divinity of 
our Lord Jesus Christ." After spending two years in retirement, 
owing to ill-health, he resumed his ministerial duties at Llanidloes, in 
1844, being appointed superintendent of the Weslej'an Bookroom there. 
In 1845 he became editor of the connexional magazine, " Yr Eurgrawn 

Rev. John Elias. 

PitiNcii'Ai. T. C. Kiiu-,vi:hs, M.A., D.l) 


Wesleyaidd," which post he had to relinquish owing to ill-heaith. 
(Enwog. C. ; Mont. Worthies). 

Evans, David, 1835-1903, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, was born at Penrhyndeudraeth, in Merionethshire. He com- 
pleted his education at Bala College, graduated M.A. (London), and 
was called to the pastorate at Dolgelly, wliere he remained for ten 
years. In 1875, he was appointed headmaster of the Gelligaer En- 
dowed Grammar School, near Merthyr Tydfil, which then, with Brecon 
and Llandovery, held ;i foremost place among the collegiate schools of 
South Wales. This appointment he held for 13 years, after which he 
retired to his native county. He contributetl to various magazines, 
and wrote a valuable history of " The Sunday Schools of Wales : 
their origin, pro<;ress, peculiarities, and prospects," which was pub- 
lished in London by the Sunday School Union. He also wrote a 
number of articles for the " Gwyddoniadur," and published a work in 
Welsh dealing with Ritualism. (C. and D. Herald ; Y Getiinen, 
March, 1904, p. 34.) See his articles in Y Traethodydd for 1871, 1873, 
1877, 1885, 1890, and 1894 ; Y Geninen for 1885, 1886 1893, and 
1894 ; Y Drijsor/a for 1868 and 1892. 

Evans, David, 1848-1901, a Congregational minister, was born 
at Pentre Estyll, near Swansea. He received his preliminary training 
at the Normal College, Swansea, under Dr. Evan Davies, and at the 
age of 19 was admitted into the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen. 
The course extended over four years, and every year he was successful 
in winning the h(mourable distinction of being first prizeman of his 
college. His first ministerial charge was at Rehoboth, Brynmawr, where 
he was ordained in 1871. There he laboured with much acceptance till 
1874, when he accepted the pastorate of the English cause at Porth- 
cawl. In two years, he removed to Cirencester, where he ministered 
for five years. In 1881, he returned to South Wales, and settled as 
pastor at Burry Port, where he spent the remaining 20 years of his 
life. For many years he acted as secretary of the Carmarthenshire 
and Glamorganshire Congregational Association, and did noble work 
as temperance advocate. As a preacher he was earnest and ilevout. 
His sermons were thoughtful and able, marked by much tenderness, 
and always instructive and helpful. Well abreast of modern thought, 
and familiar with the teachings of modern theologians, he never 
deviated from the "old paths," or lost his love for the orthodox and 
evangelical conception of the Gospel. (Congreg. Year Book, 1902.) 

Evans, David, 1858-1905, a Baptist minister and author, was 
born at Bettws, near Ammanford, Carmarthenshire. At the age of 
seventeen he began to preach, and after spending fifteen months at 
a preparatory school at Llandilo, was admitted a student into Trefecca 
College. He afterwards left the Calvinistic Methodists, and threw in 
his lot with the Baptists. His first pastorate was at Dolgelly. In 1889 
he removed to Llangefni, Anglesey, where he remained only two 
years. His ardent thirst for knowledge prompted him to cross the 
Atlantic and take a course of study in philosophy and theology at 
Colgate University, New York. Subsequently he became the minister 
of an English church at Westport, and afterwards a Welsh church at 


Utica. In 1896 he accepted the pastorate of the church at Blaenconin, 
Pembrokeshire. During the last six years of his life, he also had the 
charge of Gelli church, and was the means of erecting a new chapel in 
that place. He was a frequent contributor to the press. Articles from 
his pen appeared in the " Greal," " Seren Gomer," " Hauwr " (Sower), 
" Seren Cymru " (Star of Wales), and other denominational newspapers 
and periodicals. He also published an English book on " Baptism," 
and several pamphlets. During his stay in America, he edited for a 
time the " Drych " (Mirror). {Baptist Handbook, 1906). See F 
Genine7i, March, 1906, p. 10. 

Evans, David Lewis, 1813-1902, a Unitarian minister and 
professor, was born in the parish of Llanwenog, Cardiganshire. For 
some time he acted as usher in a school kept at Blaenbydernyn Towers 
by the Rev. John Davies, afterwards undergoing a icourse of training 
at Carmarthen College. In 1839 he succeeded the Rev. Joseph Jevans 
as pastor at Bloxham and Milton, in the county of Oxford, but four 
years later he joined the staff of the Bridgend Academy. In 1850 he 
accepted a call to the pastorate at Colyton, remaining there till 1863, 
when he was appointetl Hebrew and mathematical professor at his old 
college at Carmarthen, a post which he filled with much success for 
eleven years. He afterwards spent some time in lecturing throughout 
North and South Wales on "Unitarian Christianity." In 1847 he 
took part in the founding of a monthly journal called " Yr 
Ymofynydd," of which he acted as assistant editor till 1866, and as 
editor from 1868. He was also the author of a volume entitled 
" Fashion and Truth, or the Faithful Believer " (London : E. T. 
Whitfield, Strand.) {Biographical Sketch, by his son, Geo. Eyre 
Evans, Aberystwyth : " Welsh Gazette" Office.) See Cymru, v. 24, p. 39. 

Evans, David Meyrick, 1827-1870, a Baptist minister and 
author, was born in London of Welsh parents. At three years of age 
he removed with his parents to a small farm in the neighbourhood of 
Tregaron, Cardiganshire. He was educated at Ystradmeurig Grammar 
School, proceeding afterwards to Accrington Baptist College, and 
finally to the University of Glasgow. He was ordained, in 1851, to the 
pastorate of Grosvenor Street Baptist Church, Manchester, remov- 
ing in 1858 to Llanelly as pastor of the English cause. His discourses 
were replete with lucid statements of Christian truth, enforced in a 
style of chaste and forcible language. In 1860, he undertook the 
editorship of the "Llanelly Telegraph," and continued to do so until 
its amalgamation with the "South Wales Press" in 1867. His literary 
fame will mainly and securely rest on his "Memoir of Christmas 
Evans," a work of singular interest and power. At the Glasgow 
University he gained two prizes, one for an essay on logic, and the 
other for a Socratic dialogue. He also contributed special articles to 
the "Freeman" and other periodicals, and wrote to the "Titan 
Magazine " an admirable critical notice of the sermons of Mr. 
Robertson, of Brighton. {Baptist Handbook, 1872.) 

Evans, David Morier, 1819-1874, a journalist, was the son 
of Joshua Lloyd Evans, of Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire, but was 


born in London. He formed an early connection with journalism, 
and became assistant City correspondent on the " Times." He after- 
wards assumed the direction of the money articles in the " Morning 
Herald " and the " Standard." He left the latter newspaper in 1872, 
and started a paper called " The Hour," on which he spent his entire 
means, being afterwards adjudicated a bankrupt. His health broke 
down under the very heavy strain of his iinancial difficulties. In 
addition to his regular work, he was connected with several com- 
mercial and financial periodicals, among them being the " Banker s 
Magazine," to which he was one of the principal contributors. He 
published several works bearing on, or arising out of City affairs, 
chief among which were: — "The Commercial Crisis of 1847-8;" 
"History of the Commencement of the Crisis 1887-8;" "City Men 
and City Manners," and " Facts, Failures, and Frauds." He died in 
South Hackney, London, and was buried in Abney Park Cemetery. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Men of tfie Time, 8th edn., p. 345 ; Times, 
2nd Jan., 1874 ; Standard, 6th Jan., 1874 ; British Museum Library 

Evans, David Tudor, -1896, a journalist, was a son of 

the Rev. John Evans, a Welsh Congregational minister, of Penygroes, 
South Wales. His connection with journalism commenced in 1847, 
when he settled at Haverfordwest as editor of an English weekly 
newspaper called " The Principality," in which he was associated with 
the Rev. Evan Jones (leuan Gwynedd). Four years later he removed 
its headquarters to Cardiff, and there continued it on undenomi- 
national and non-party lines. Finally, the venture proved a failure, 
and the journal ceased to exist in 1852. In 1881, he became closely 
identified with the "Western Mail." He acted as general secretary of 
the Cardiff National Eisteddfod in 1883, and to his efforts is mainly 
due the credit that the Cardiff Eisteddfod was the first to publish its 
" Transactions " in the form which has been generally followed since. 
In 1893 his services to Welsh literature were recognized by a grant of 
£100 from the Royal Bounty Fund. (C. ifc D. Herald.) 

Evans, Edward, 1716-1798, a poet, and pastor of the Old 
Meeting House at Aberdare from 1772 to 1798. He was born in the 
parish of Aberdare, and is said to have " devoted his life faithfully to 
his religious duties to a large number of people, who attended from 
the country, from a distance of many miles." He published a Welsh 
translation of S. Bourne's "Catechism" (1757) ; " Book of Ecclesiastes 
done into verse," jointly with Lewis Hopkin (Bristol : 1767) ; " An 
Address delivered before the Association of Ministers at Dref Wen, 
near Newcastle-Emlyn, with two Hymns" (1775). His poetical works 
were collected and edited by his son, Rees Evans (1778-1869), (1st 
edition, Merthyr : 1804 ; 2nd, Merthyr : 1816 ; 3rd, Merthyr : 1837 ; 
4th, Aberdare : 1875). He died on the 2l8t of June, 1798, the date 
on which he had arranged to meet the other bards of the Chair of 
Glamorgan. The preservation of this noted bardic cult may be traced 
mainly to his efforts. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Yr Ymofynydd, 1854, 
p. 58; Church Records of the Meeti7ig House, Aberdare; 0. B.; B. 
Cerddorion Gymreig. 


Evans, Ellis, 1786-1864, a Baptist minister and author, was 
born near Bala. When about 20 years of age he joined the Baptists, 
and three years later he began to preach. In 1819, he became pastor 
at Cefn Mawr, Rnabon, where he remained until his death 4.5 years 
afterwards. He rendered excellent service to his denomination, and 
enjoyed great popularity as a preacher. He commenced to publish a 
Welsh History of the Baptists, and was a frequent contributor to the 
connexional magazines. He also composed several hymns. In 1861 he 
received the degree of D.D. from the William Jewell College, America. 
(Enwog. C.) See Cymru, vol. 9, p. 39. 

Evans, Ernest Rowe, 1866-1899, a Baptist minister, was 
the son of the Rev. Thomas Evans, missionary, and was born in 
Calcutta. He came to England when 12 years of age, and was 
educated at Blackhcath. Ordained to the ministry at Llantarnam, 
Monmouthshire, in 1886, he remained pastor of that church until 
1891, when he removed to Merthyr. He began his ministry at 
Orchard-])lace, Neath, in 1893, and preached there with fervour and 
power to large and increasing congregations to the time of his death. 
Upon few men had Nature so lavished her gifts. Handsome ; 
dignified ; graceful ; a gentleman to the manner born, he had equally 
attractive qualities of heart. The springs of optimism never dried 
within him. He was always bright, and made all bright around him. 
He was an orator, and his voice, of wonderful range, was rich in its 
musical qualities. His gift of extemporaneous utterance was marvel- 
lous. In the face of a congregation it would kindle, and beautiful 
thoughts in beautiful settings would be his gifts to ever-appreciative 
audiences. He made a model Eisteddfod conductor, and was in 
frequent demand as a popular lecturer. {Baptist Handbook, 1900.) 

Evans, Evan, 1731-1789, "leuan Brydydd Hir," poet and 
antiquary, was born in the parish of Lledrod, Cardiganshire. He 
received his education at the Ystradmeurig Grammar School, under 
the tuition of the well-known poet, Edward Richards. He inherited 
a small freehold, which he sold to a younger brother, and with the 
proceeds he completed his education at Oxford. He shewed an early 
attachment to the Muse, and applied himself with great diligence to 
the cultivation of Welsh literature. He also devoted much time to 
the transcribing of ancient manuscripts, for which purpose he visited 
the best-known libraries in Wales. In 1764 he published a volume 
of Ancient Welsh Poems, with Latin translations, to which he 
subjoined a learned dissertation, which ranked him high as an 
antiquary and critic, and supplied Gray with matter for some of his 
most beautiful poetry. His English poem, " The Love of our 
Country," was first published in 1772. (Carmarthen : J. Ross). In 
disposition, leuan was humane and benevolent, and he possessed 
many excellent qualities. In person, he was tall, athletic, and of a 
dark complexion. After his decease, his papers and collections 
became the property of Mr. Paul Panton, Plasgwyn, Anglesey. In 
1876 Canon Silvan Evans edited a volume of his poems and letters, 
to which he prefixed a brief biography of the poet. (Carnarvon : 
H. Humphreys). [Diet. Em. W.; Wales, vol. I, p. 186.) See Enwog. 

'HdMAs Edwai;i>, M.P. 

Rev. Christmas Evans. 


C. ; Hemes Lien. G. ; T BrytJion, vol, 1, 2nd edn., p. 49, et seq. ; 

Y Piser Hir, at Swansea Libr irs' ; Gyinrii Fydi, 1889, p. 4G5 ; 
Gymru, v. 25, p. 213 ; Ibid., v. 27, p. 142 ; Y Geninen, 189a, p. 87. 

Evans, Evan, 1795-1855, "leuan Glan Geirionydd," a clergyman 
and poet, was liorn at the farmhouse of Tyn-y-celyn, near Trefriw, in 
Carnarvonshire. He showed great promise while young, and attracted 
the attention of patriotic Churchmen, through whose assistance he was 
enabled to study for holy orders. In 182(i, he was appointed to a 
curacy at Christleton, near Chester : in 184)'), he removed to the per- 
petual curacy of Ince. He returned to Trefriw, when he lost his wife, 
in 1852 ; held a curacy at Rhyl in 1854, and died in the following 
year. As editor of the Owladgarivr, he did much to Ijring about the 
awakening in Wales which followed from contact with the thought of 
England. He was a poet of very great merit, and his longer poems 
have undoubtedly had a good influence on later generations of bards. 
His patriotic song, " Morfa RhudiUau " (Rhuddlan Marsh) and the 
"Cuckoo's Song to Arvon" are very popular, while some of his hymns 
rank among the best in the language. These hymns are nearly all 
prayers, and are full of the tenderest appeals. The subjects of his 
longer poems are " Belzhazzar's Feast," " The Wreck of the Rithsay 
Castle,'' " Goronwy Owen's Departure from Anglesey," " Charles of 
Bala," " The Grave," and " The Resurrection." The last extends to 
about 3,000 lines. He was also a musician of considerable ability, 
and did much to improve the service of song in the sanctuary. 
{Geirionydd, by W. J. Roberts ; Sweet Singers of Wales). See 
Enwog. C. ; Y Geninen, vol. 6 (1888), p. 239 ; Hane.^ Lien. G. ; 

Y Geninen, March, 1891, p. 37 ; Wales, v. 1, p. 222 ; Y Traethodi/dd, 
1900, pp. 275, 374 ; Ceinion Lien. G., vol. 1, p. 368 ; Nodweddiad y 
Gymry, p. 271 : Gymru. v. 10, p. 124 ; Y Geninen, 1903, p. 186 ; 
Welsh Lyrics, p. 11; Welsh Poets, cic, p. 11 ; Wales, v. 2, p. 79; 
Adgofuwch Anghof, p. 218 ; Y Geninen, 1897, p. 126 ; Gymru, v. 13, 
p. 261. 

Evans, Evan, 1804-1886, generally known in Wales as "Evans 
Bach Nantj-glo," a Congregational minister and author, was born in 
Cardiganshire. He commenced preaching with the Calvinistic 
Methodists in 1825, and five years later became a total abstainer. He 
met with much opposition for his advocacy of temperance principles, 
■which were new in those days. In 1847 he joined the Congregational- 
ists, and continued a popular preacher among them through life. He 
afterwards emigrated to America, whither a daughter and several 
brothers and sisters had preceded him. He took up his residence at 
Oakhill, Ohio, and in 1881 founded a small Welsh church in Arkansas. 
This was the first Welsh cause in that State, and Mr. Evans continued 
in charge of it until his death. His works include " Athrawiaeth a 
Dyledswydd, sef Efrydiaeth yr Areithfa " (Swansea : E. Griffiths, 
1866) ; " Y Cyfauimod Gweithredoedd " (Crickhowell : T. Williams, 
1833) ; and transhitions of works by Dr. John Brown, Dr. Thomas 
Goodwin, and John Owen. He also translated " The Rise and Fall of 
Papistry " by R. Ffleming, junior (1849). His son, Mr. Beriah 
Gwynfe Evans, is a well-known dramatist and author of several works. 


{Diet. Nat. Biog.; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Bye-Gones, 1886, p. 189 ; 
Cyfaill yr Aelwyd, March, 1887. 

Evans, Evan Herber, 1836-1896, one of the most eloqueut 
preachers of Wales, was born near Newcastle Emlyn, his father being 
a blacksmith. He received a fair education, and was apprenticed to a 
draper and general dealer. In 1854, he made his way to Liverpool, 
where he found employment in a draper's shop, but soon afterwards, 
being urged to enter the ministry, he preached his trial sermon at the 
Tabernacle Chapel of the Welsh Congregationals. It was a pro- 
nounced success, and, after a few years' preparation in college, he 
settled down as pastor of Libanus, Morriston, South Wales. In 1865 
he accepted a call to Carnarvon, where he remained, despite many 
tempting offers, till 1894. In that year he accepted the principalship 
of the Congregational College at Bangor. He played a leading and 
inspiring part in every Welsh movement in his day, and with voice 
and pen he exercised a powerful influence on the current of Welsh 
thought and action. For some years he lectured much throughout the 
country on such subjects as " David Livingstone " and " Oliver 
Cromwell," and there can be no doubt tliat these lectures were an 
inspiration to thousands in all parts of England and Wales. The 
degree of D.D. was conferred upon him by an American University. 
He was editor of the "Dysgedydd" for about 18 years, and had 
been chairman of the Congregational Union of England and Wales. 
Thomas Jones, the famous poet-preacher, once described him as 
" the greatest orator Wales has produced," and the British Weekly 
declared that for sheer subduing, overwhelming eloquence, he was 
unequalled by any living preacher. A selection of the monthly 
" Notes," contributed by Dr. Herber Evans to the " Dysgedydd," 
edited by the Rev. 0. L. Roberts, appeared in 1897, and in the same 
year a volume of his English sermons was published, edited by his 
brother, the Rev. W. Justin Evans, under the title, " True and False 
Aims," and other Sermons. {Life of Herher Evans, by Elvet Lewis ; 
Young Wales, 189.5, p. 211.) See F Traethudydd, 1897, p. 211 : 
Ihid., 1901, p. 300 : Cymru, v. 1, p. 3 ; Ihid., v. 3, p. 273 ; Y 
Geninen, 1898, p. 277, and March, p. 17 ; Young Wales, 1901, 
pp. 31, 165 ; Y Dysgedydd, Feb., 1897 ; The Congreg. Year Book, 
1898 ; Bye-Gones, 1897, p. 3 ; Y Geninen, 1897 ; Stephen's Album 
Aberhonddu ; Y Geninen, 1904, p. 1 (March) ; Ibid., 1899, p. 246 ; 
Cymru, v. 12, p. 122 ; vol. 31, p. 12;i ; Welsh Religious Leaders in 
the Victorian Era. 

Evans, Evan John, -1891, Professor of Hebrew and 

Philosophy at New College, was born and l)rought up on a Breconshire 
farm, and as a lad he attended the ministry of the Rev. David 
Williams, at Troedrhiwdalar, in the neighbourhood of Builth. He 
matriculated at London University, and then entered Coward College. 
He graduated B.A. at London, and Ph. D. at Heidelberg, and in 1.S64 
he was appointed Professor of Hebrew and Philosophy at Cheshunt 
College. This chair he resigned in 1877, and in 1878 he was invited to 
undertake similar duties at New College. In these he was actively 
engaged initil within a few days of his death. As a professor he was 


conscientions, painstaking and thorough. Wirle as his own reading 
had been, ami well abreast as he kept himself of all current discussions 
on Old Testament criticism and in philosophy, he never simply trusted 
to these. Every fresh course of lectures was the result of a careful re- 
reading of old results in the light of the latest and best scholarship ; 
and the notes of few lectures are so valuable as his for reference, even 
after the lapse of long years. Although he never published any books, 
he was engaged up to his death in the preparation of a Commentary on 
the Psalms. (Cong. Year Book, 1892). 

Evans, Evan P., about 1825 , a professor at the Cornell 

University, in America, was a native of Wales. He graduated at Yale 
in 1851, and afterwards became a teacher there. He then removed to 
Marietta College, Ohio, and in 1867 was made Dean of the Mathe- 
matical College at Cornell. He left behind him an unfinished " His- 
tory of Wales," on which he had bestowed great labour. ( Welslmicn 
as Factors, d-c). 

Evans, Foulk, 1783-1866, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, was 
born at Llanuwchllyn, near Bala. In 1825 he moved to Machynlleth. 
He was a very powerful preacher, and travelled a good deal on 
preaching missions throughout the Principality. His memoir was 
written by the Rev. John Ogwen Jones. (Enwog. Meirion.) 

Evans, Sir Francis Henry, 1840-1907, partner in the firm 
of Messrs. Donald Currie and Co., managers of the Union Castle 
Line, was the son of Mr. William Evans, a Welshman who lived at 
Crumpsall, near Manchester. He was educated both in England and 
Germany, and travelled widely in his early years. In 1862 he fought 
in the American Civil War. He was articled to Sir James Brunlees, 
the eminent engineer, under whom he worked in many great under- 
takings. He was a remarkably keen and able man of business, and 
finding scope in the banking world for his talents as a financier, he 
relinquished the active pursuit of his profession as a civil engineer, 
and devoted himself to banking, his operations being largely carried 
on between this country and America. His firm was known as 
Melville, Evans &, Co. In his shipping enterprises he displayed great 
business capacity, and for years presided with much success over the 
fortunes of the Union Line. He was twice elected as Liberal member 
for Southampton — on each occasion at a bye-election in which he won 
the seat from the Conservatives. In 1901 he was elected for Maidstone, 
when Mr. John Barker was unseated on petition. In the election of 
1906, however, he lost his seat to Lord Castlereagh. He was created 
a baronet and K.C.M.G., and was succeeded by his eldest son, Mr. 
Murland de Grasse Evans. {Manchester Guardian, Jan. 24, 1907 ; 
The Times, same date.) 

Evans, Frederick, -1897, " Ednyfed," a Nonconformist 

minister and poet, was a native of Llandybie, Carmarthenshire, and 
was ordained in 1861. Five years later he emigrated to America, 
settling in Hyde Park, Pennsylvania. In 1869 he became pastor of 
an English cause in New York, but in 1874 removed to Franklin. 
His subsequent pastorates were at Philadelphia and Milwaukee. He 


received the honorary degree of D.D., and as " Dr. Fred Evans " 
became a familiar figure in literary and religious circles. As an 
Eisteddfod conductor he stood in the front rank. ( Y Geninen, March, 

1898, p. 60.) 

Evans, Frederick William, 1808-1893, a social reformer, of 
Welsh descent, was born at Bromyard, Herefordshire. He emigrated 
to America in 1820, and adopted the socialistic and materialistic views 
of his brother, George Henry Evans (180.'>-18r)5, post). In 1830 he 
joined the Shakers ;'t Mount Leiianon, New York, and became their 
principal elder. He wrote various works on the doctrines of the 
Shakers, and, in conjunction with his brother, founded " The 
Working-man's Advocate," the first American laljour and reform 
newspaper. (Lippincott ; Munsei/'s Magazine, ld06, p. 7 5i.) 

Evans, George, about 1790- , a Welshman who attained 
great eminence in the American Congress. From 1829 to 1841, he 
served in the House of Representatives, and was then transferred to 
the Senate. In Blaine's " Twenty Years of Congress," we are told 
that " as a Parliamentary debater, using that term in its true 
significance and with proper limitations, George Evans is entitled to 

high rank When Mr. Evans' term of service drew near 

to the close. Mi. Webster paid him the extraordinary commendation of 
saying in the Senate 'that his retirement would be a serious loss to the 
Government and the country.' ... Of all who have represented 
New England in the Senate, Mr. Evans as a debater is entitled to rank 
next to Mr. Webster." (Welshmen as Factors, &c.) 

Evans, George Henry, 180.5-1 855, one of the earliest advocates 
of land refcum in the United States, was of Welsh descent, and was 
born at Bromy;ad, Herefordshire. At an early age he emigrated to 
America, where he played a prominent part as social reformer. He 
agitated for inalienable homesteads, general bankrupt laws, labourers' 
liens, women's rights, abolition of slavery, and a limitation in the 
right of any person to hold lands. In several respects his theories 
anticipated those of Henry George. He died at Granville, New 
Jersey. (Lippincott ; Muiiset/s Magazine, 190(), p. 754.) 

Evans, George S., 1841-1903, an American civil servant, was 
born at Canligan, and emigrated with his parents to the United Siates 
when a boy eiglit years of age, living practically all his life in 
Cambridge, Mass. When a youth he learned the printing business, 
and wlien the Civil War broke out he enlisted in the 56th 
Massachusetts Regiment, and took part in the many battles which 
took place in front of Petersburg in 1864 and 1865. In 1897 he was 
appointed Chief Post Ottice Inspector of the New England division, 
with an office at Boston, and nearly 12,000 offices under his charge. 
This post he honourably filled until his death. In his death Boston 
lost one of her best-known and noblest men, who had risen from very 
humble circumstances to a position of influence in the State. As a 
member of the Cymmrodorion Society he was ever ready to do all in 
his power to assist in brintjing about the social welfare of his 
fellow-countrymen. (The Cambrian, 1903, p. 301.) 


Evans, Gwilym, 1851-1905, a self-made man, was the son of 
David Evans, of Dolauhirion Farm, near Llandovery, Carmarthensliire. 
He was educated at Llandovery College, and then qualified with 
honours as a chemist. About 1870 he commenced business in 
Llanelly, where he quickly established for himself a reputation, not 
only as a skilful chemist, but as an uncommonly shrewd man of 
business. In later years he specialised in quinine, and brought his 
Quinine Bitters before the public. This proved to Ije a most profitable 
venture, and it soon brought him a large fortune. In 1888 the 
business had grown to such proportions that it was converted into a 
limited liability company, with branches au'l agencies all over the 
woi'ld. Some years before his death he had retired from business, 
and devoted himself to public work. He was high sheriff of his 
native county in 1899, and later on was made a deputy-lieutenant. 
He was generous in his support of every philanthropic movement. 
In 1888 he wrote a pamphlet entitled " First Impressions of India." 
{Western Mail; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Evans, James, about 1800- a Welsh missionary among the 

Creek Indians, who devised a new syllabary for the use of those 
among whom he laboured. It was phonetic, and the characters were 
simpler than those formerly in use, being composed of squares and 
parts of squares, and circles and parts of circles. He cut his type out 
of wood, and made castings from the original blocks with lead from 
tea chests, which he begged from officers of the Hudson Bay Company. 
He manufactured ink out of soot, and on a hand-press of his own 
construction printed many little tracts and leaflets for the Ijenefit of 
the Indians. With some modifications, his characters came into 
general use not only with the Crees, but also among many tribes of 
the north-west which speak languages in no wis*' akin to that of the 
Crees, and scores of books have been printed in them. {The 
Washington Star, quoted in Welshmen as Factors, &c.) 

Evans, John, 1628-1700, headmaster of the Oswestry Free 
Grammar School during the Commonwealth, was the son of the Rev. 
Matthew Evans, the vicar of Penegoes, near Machynlleth, and was 
educated at Balliol College, Oxford. In 1648 he was received into the 
church, but soon afterwards he became an itinerant preacher, and 
afterwards took charge of the school at Oswesti-y. In consequence of 
the Act of Uniformity, he had to abandon the school, and was thrown 
into great poverty. He then became pastor of the Independent cause 
at Wrexham, where he remained till his death. Being an excellent 
scholar, some gentlemen of means sent their sons to board with him for 
several years, which helped him consideralily under the persecution to 
which he was subjected. He was repeatedly fined, and at last out- 
lawed, and for years he was obliged for his own protection to keep his 
doors constantly locked. He is des. ril)ed as "a man of good learning, 
great gravity, and seriousness : of a most unblamable conversation, 
and a laborious and judicious preacher." (Noncon. Meitmrial ; Mont. 
Worthies). See Bye-Gones, 1898, p. 3()0; Foster's Alumni O.mniensis, 
1.500-1714; Border Counties' Worthies. 


Evans, John, -1724, Bishop of Meath, was a native of Car- 

narvonshire, and received his university education at Jesus College, 
Oxford. He was for some time rector of Llanaelhaiarn, in South 
Carnarvonshire ; in 1701 he was appointed Bishop of Bangor, and in 
1715 he was translated to the bishopric of Meath, in Ireland. In con- 
sequence of his attitude on church discipline he incurred the displea- 
sure of Dean Swift, who held preferment in his diocese, and who 
penned very severe and sarcastic letters to the bishop. Other eminent 
contemporaries, however, spoke of him in terms of esteem. At his 
death he devoted his property, as he had done during his life, to the 
benefit of the Church in England and Ireland, and as one writer 
expresses it, " It were difficult to imagine a more judicious and appro- 
priate distribution of property acquired from the church, and thus 
devoted to her emolument." (Ware's Bishops of Ireland). See Diary 
of W. Hedges, published by Col. Yule for the Hakluyt Society ; 
Browne Willis' 6'Mryey 0/ Bangror (1721), p. 119; Mant's Church of 
Ireland, vol. 2, pp. 30''.t, 300, 397 ; Swift's Works (1814), pp. 91, 354, 
392, 410 ; Pari. Hist., vol. 6, p. 1142 ; Nicholson's Letters (1807), 
p. 525 ; Did. Nat. Biog. ; Diet. Em. W. 

Evans, John, 1680-1730, a Congregational minister and author, 
was a native of Wrexham, and a son of the Rev. John Evans (1628- 
1700, see ante). He studied for some time under the eminent dissent- 
ing teachers, Rowe and Jollie, and was ordained in Wrexham in 1702. 
Soon afterwards. Dr. Daniel Williams invited him to London, and he 
became co-pastor and successor of that learned and able man. He was 
also lecturer at Salter's Hall. For his learning and ability, he was 
made D.D. by the Universities of Edinburgh and Aberdeen. As a 
preacher, he displayed considerable eloquence, and as a writer he is 
said to have been admired by divines of all denominations. He took 
part in the Arian controversy, and published "Practical Discourses 
concerning the Cliristian Temper," which Dr. Watts declared to be the 
most complete summary of those duties which make up the Christian 
life that had been published. He also prepared notes for illustrating 
the Epistle to the Romans, of which Doddridge said "the Exposition 
of the Romans, begun by Henry, and finished by Dr. Evans, is the 
best I ever saw." He was engaged some years on a " History of 
Nonconformity, from the Reformation to the Civil Wars," but on his 
death, in 1730, that work devolved on Daniel Neal. {Diet. Em. W. ; 
Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Life of John Evans, by Dr. John Erskine, 
1802 ; Wilson's Hist, of Dissenting Churches, v. 2, p. 212 ; Neal's 
Hist, of the Puritans, 1822, v. 1, p. 31 ; Noble's Biog. Hist, of 
England, v. 3, p. 146 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Evans, John, -1779, a clergyman and author, was l)orn at 

Llangeitho, Cardiganshire, and educated at Oxford, where he graduated 
M.A. His first curacy was that of Llanarth, in his native county, 
whence he removed to Poi-tsmouth. The author of the " Welsh 
Bibliography " supposes him to have been the " loan Evans " who 
translated Mr. Jabez Earle's " Meditations on the Sacraments." His 
"Harmony of the Four Gospels" was jmblished in 1765. This was 
the first work published in Welsh to expound any portion of the 


Bible, being fifteen years earlier than that of Peter Williams. Evans 
is believed to have seen through the press the Welsh Bible of m'/X 
He also translated Bishop Gastrell's " Christian Institutes " (177;5j, and 
a volume by J. Earle in 1735. A second edition of the " Harmony of 
the Four Gospels " appeared in 1804. {Did. Nat. Biog. ; Cardiff 
Catalogue). See Lhjfrydd. y Cymrij ; Hanes Lien. G. ; Greal 
Llundain, p. 282 ; Gwaith Gwallter Merhain, vol, 3, p. 259 ; 
Enwogion Ceredigion, by Gwynionydd ; Rees' Rixt. 

Evans, John, -1797, a native of Carnarvonshire, who sailed 

for America in 1790, with a view of discovering the Welsh Indians, or 
descendants of Madawg and his followers. After surmounting many 
difficulties, and penetrating about 1,30() miles up the river Missouri, 
he was obliged to return to St. Louis, on the Mississippi, and before 
he could make another attempt he died of fever. {Cambrian 
Biography.) The Welsh immigration into America is confirmed in a 
remarkable manner by an unprejudiced American traveller, Mr. 
Gatlin, who was convinced that he found the descendants of the 
Welsh colony in the Mandans, an amiable and civilised tribe, with 
which he became intimately acquainted. (Catlin's Manners and 
Conditions of the North American Indians). See Did. Em. W. 

Evans, John, 1723-1795, a native of Llanymynech, Mont- 
gomeryshire. He prepared the large map of North Wales, engraved 
by his neighbour, Mr. Robert Baugh, of Llandysilio, and published 
it in 1795. He also published some prints from sketches taken by 
himself, among them a large engraving of Pistyll Rhaiadr, an 
excellent specimen of his skill, with a description of the waterfall 
and the derivation of names appended. On his death, in 1795, his 
map-publishing business passed into the hands of his son, John 
Evans, M.D., of Shrewsbury, and in May, 1802, the Society for the 
Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, adjudged the 
sum of forty-five guineas to Dr. Evans " in consideration of the 
merits of his two maps of South Wales." These maps are noted 
for their accuracy, and also for the clearness and sharpness of the 
engraved lines. {Mont. Worthies ; Bye-Gones, 1878, pp. 29 & 39.) 

Evans, John, -1818, a Baptist minister, was born in the 

parish of Meline, Pembrokeshire. He completed his education at 
Bath College, and became joint-pastor with the Rev. John Turner 
at Abington ; on the latter's death, he was appointed pastor. After 
his decease a volume of his sermons, edited by the Rev. James Hinton, 
Oxford, appeared. ( Enivog. C.) 

Evans, John, 1756-1846, a surgeon, was the son of John Evans 
(1723-1795, see ante), and was born at Llanymynech, Montgomery- 
shire. He was educated at Westminster School, and afterwards pro- 
ceeded to Oxford, and subsequently went to Edinburgh, where he 
graduated M.D. He settled at Shrewsbury, residing at the Council 
House, and soon acquired an extensive practice. He spent much of 
his time in the study of trees and tree culture, and wrote a didactic 
poem, entitled, "The Bee," illustrated with valuable notes— philo- 
sophical and botanical. In 1802, he published an improved copy of 


hia father's map of North Wales, for which he received a prize from 
the Society of Arts. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Evans, John, 17G7-1827, a Dissenting minister and author? 
was born at Usk, in Monmouthshire. He studied for some time under 
the celebrated Robert Hall, and afterwards matriculated at Aberdeen, 
taking his M.A. degree at Edinburgh. About 1792, he succeeded 
Mr. Anthony Robinson as pastor of a congregation in Worship Street, 
London, and, later on, he opened an ac.idemy in Islington, where he 
acquired a considerable reputation as an instructor of youth. In 
1815, he was deprived of the use of his limbs, but continued to preach, 
being carried from his couch to his i)ulpit. In ISl'.t he received the 
degree of D.C.L. from one of the American Universities. He excelled 
as an extempore preacher, and was much admired for the simple yet 
impressive style of his discourses, in which practical utility was his 
primary object. He published several topographical, theological, and 
miscellaneous works, the principal being " An Address designed to 
promote the Revival of Religion among the General Baptists ; " 
"An Address to Young People on the necessity and importance of 
Religion ; " "A Sketch of the Denominations of the Christian World," 
for the copyright of which he only received £10, though one hundred 
thousand copies were sold ; and " Memoirs of the Life and Writings 
of Wm. Richards, LL.D.," and a "Picture of Worthing" (180.5). 
{Diet. Em. W. ; Cardiff' Catalogue). See Annual Biography and 
Obituary, vol. 2, p. 12 ; Gent. Mag., vol. 97, pt. 1, p. 369 ; Lewis' 
History of the Parish of St. Mary, Islington, pp. 166, 349 ; Allibone's 
Diet., vol. 1, p. 565 ; Biog. Diet, of Living Authors, 1816 ; Diet. Nat. 

Evans, John, 1768-1832, a schoolmaster and author, is believed 
to have been the son of Benjamin Evans, a Welshman, who resided at 
Lydney, in Gloucestershire. He became a student of Jesus College, 
OxCord, where he matriculated in April, 1789, taking his B.A. degree 
three years later. He kept a school for some time in Lower Park 
Row, Bristol, and died at Euston House Academy, in Euston Square, 
London, in or just before April, 1832. He was the autlior of " A Tour 
through part of North Wales in 1798, and at other times ;" "Letters 
written cluring a Tour in South Wales during the year 1803, and at 
other times;" "War not inconsistent with Christianity" (1804); 
" The Doctrine of Philosophical Necessity considered in reference to 
its tendency" (1807); "The Ponderer, a series of essays" (1812); 
"Remains of William Reed" (1816): and "A brief History of Bristol." 
{Old Wales, v. 1, p. 7.) 

Evans, John, 1779-1847, a Calvinistic Methodist preacher, of 
New Inn, was a native of Llanfihangel-ar-arth, Carmarthenshire. He 
joined the Methodists in 1 793, and, soon afterwards, liegan to preach. In 
1809 he forsook Nonconfoimity, and was ordained by Bishop Watson, 
of Llandaff. As a jireacher, he was exceedingly earnest and active ; 
his readiness to preach wherever an opportunity offered led to 
friction between him and the Church authorities ; he returned to the 
Calvinistic Methodists, and became one of their shining lights. The 

Rev. Evan Evans (leuaii Ct1;ui GeirimiyiUl 

M. A, Evans ((ieoi-e Elh.l). 

Rev. Evan Hkrrer Evans, D.D. 

% ^ 



RkV. Ll.l-.WEI.YN loAN EVANS, D.D., Ll.D. 


name of John Evans, Llwynffortun (as he was popularly called), 
stands in the front rank amongst the preachers of the first half of the 
nineteenth century. {Enwog. C.) See G. B. ; Dr. Lewis Edwards' 
Traethodau Llenyddol, pp. 310-26 ; Memoir by tfie Rev. T. J. 
Williams, Myddfai. 

Evans, John, 1796-1861, a mathematician, was a native of 
Blaenplwyf, Cardigansliire. He commenced life as a weaver, but soon 
showed a talent for figures. He removed to London, where he came 
in contact with Mr. Griifith Davies, the actuary. Having made 
considerable progress in geometry, algebra, trigonometry, Ike, he 
returned to Wales, and opened a school at Aberystwyth, where he was 
very successful. {Enwog. C.) See Enwugion Sir Aberteifi. 

Evans, John, 1796-1889, a clergyman and author, was born of 
Welsh parents. He was at one time chaplain to Viscount Combermere, 
and in 1844 was appointed vicar of Whixhall, Salop, where he remained 
till his death, in his ninety-second year. He was an excellent classical 
scholar, and afforded a remarkable example of untiring energy and 
perseverance, having won his way through schools and colleges 
principally by means of exhibitions and scholarships which he gained. 
He graduated M.A. at Christ Church, Oxford. He was a clever 
arithmetician and linguist, and published a work on " Decimal and 
Fractional Arithmetic." In 1843 he published "The Statutes of the 
Fourth General Council of Lateran, recognised and established by 
subsequent Councils and Synods down to the Council of Trent," and 
in 1859 there appeared a small volume of his poems. He also took a 
great interest in antiquarian matters. (Bye-Gones, 1889, p. 65). See Y 
Brython, v. 5, p. 154. 

Evans, John, 1814-1875, " L D. Ffraid," a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister and poet, was born at Ty Mawr, Llansantffraid-glan-Conwy. 
When only 16 years of age he published " A History of the Jews," in 
Welsh, and at 21 a volume of poems entitled " Difyrwch Bechgyn 
Glanau Conwy " (Llanrwst : John Jones, 1835). He was a regular 
contributor of prose and verse to the periodicals of the day, and for 
many years wrote a weekly letter on current topics to the Baner, 
under the name of " Adda Jones." A writer in the Gwyddoniadur 
says that many of these letters remind one of Addison's Essays in their 
liveliness, wit, and ingenious reasonings. He translated into Welsh 
Young's " Night Thoughts," and Milton's " Paradise Lost," the latter 
being highly praised by Dr. Lewis Edwards. He compiled " A New 
English and Welsh Dictionary, with a Botanical Dictionary sub- 
joined," which was published in 1847 (Llanrwst : J. Jones), a second 
edition being issued in the following year. (Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Cai'diff 
Catalogue). See Traethodau Llenyddol Dr. Lewis Edwards ; Y 
Geninen, March 1888, p. 1 ; Ibid, 1889, p. 124 ; Ibid, 1898, p. 70. 

Evans, John, 1818-1891, a clergyman, was the son of Mr. John 
Evans, of Tynycoed, Merionethshire. He began his career as a 
solicitor, and was articled to Mr. David Williams, M.P., but abandoned 
the law, and took his degree at Trinity College, Dublin, in 1841. He 
was ordained deacon in the same year, and priest in 1842. After 


Berving aa curate at Llanbedrycenin, and at Pentrevoelas, he was in 
1857 preferred to the rectory of Machynlleth. He succeeded Dean 
Cotton as rector at Llanllechid in 18<i2, which benefice he held till 
1888, when Lord Penrhyn preferred him to the rectory of Aber, near 
Bangor. He was a diligent and successful parish priest, and was the 
first secretary of the Rangor Church Extension Society, which was 
established in 1869. He succeeded Archdeacon White, in 1866, as 
archdeacon of Merioneth and canon residentiary of Bangor Cathedral. 
He was an excellent antiquary, and his accounts of Pentrevoelas and 
Ysbytty Ifan parishes are masterpieces of parochial history. (Recollec- 
tions, &c. : Bye-Gonee, 1891, p. 94.) See Y Geninm, 1894, p. 180. 

Evans, John, -1882, an engineer, was born at Aberdare, 

Soutli Wales. From a fitter at Abernant, then on the Taff Vale, 
afterwards at Uskside, he entered the Russian Navy as engineer, then 
joined the Spanish, and, finally, was for some years in the Turkish 
Navy. During the American War, and while in the Russian service, he 
repeatedly ran the blockade. He was a most skilled engineer, and 
held several important positions in the navj', and at the arsenal, &c. 
At the time of his death, he was assistant engineer at the Bute Docks, 
Cardiff. (The Red Dragon.) 

Evans, John, 1830-1883, "Iota Eta," a Wesleyan minister and 
author, was a native of Llanrwst, Denbighshire, and after entering the 
ministry served in most of the chief circuits of North Wales, including 
Llanfyllin, Llangollen, and Corwen. At the time of his death he was 
superintendent minister of the Mold circuit. He was editor of the 
Welsh Wesleyan Diary, and regularly contributed articles and notes 
on current topics to the " Eurgrawn," the chief periodical of the 
denomination in Wales, and to other publications. {Bye-Gones, 1883, 
p. 175.) 

Evans, John, 1840-1897, a Wesleyan minister and author, was 
born in Eglwysbach, Denbighshire, with which place his name will 
always be associated. He was educated at the National School, and 
commenced to preach when 17 years of age. He was ordained at Mold 
in 1865, and subsequently served in the ministry in Liverpool, Bangor, 
Oswestry, and London. To make up for the loss of collegiate training 
he attended evening classes, and availed himself of every opportunity 
for self-improvement, eventually becoming an Associate of King's 
College, London. He ranked amongst the greatest of Welsh pulpit 
orators, being styled " The Welsh Spurgeon." During the last four 
years of his life he organised and conducted, with excellent results, a 
"forward movement" mission in Glamorgan. Great earnestness of 
purpose and zeal characterized his utterances, and he was universally 
loved throughout Wales. His principal works are : — A Welsh 
"Biography of John Wesley;" "The Life and Epistles of St. Paul;" 
and a " Short Biograi)hy of John Wesley." Several volumes of his 
sermons, delivered in London, were published between the j^ears 1883 
and 1887. (Diet. Nat. Biog.; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Geninen, 
March, 1899, pp. 10, 60 ; Ibid, 1898, p. 13, and March, p. 52 ; Ibid, 
March, 1905, p. 30 ; Ibid, March, 1900, pp. 27, 56 ; Yr Eurgrawn 


Wesleyaidd, 1897 ; Minutes of Conference, 189S ; His Biography by 
the Rev. Tfios. Hughes; Methodist Recorder, 29th Oct., 1897; Methodist 
Times, same date ; Tlie Christian, 9th Dec, 1897 ; Cymru, v. 13, 
p. 268 ; Welsh Religious Leaders in the Victorian Era. 

Evans, John Hugh, 1833-1886, "Cynfaen," a Wesleyan minister 
and poet, was born at Ysgeifiog, near Holywell. He was favoured in 
early life with a religious home. When abont 19 years of age he was 
led to be deeply in earnest for his soul's salvation, and soon after his 
conversion he Ijecame a local preacher. At the Conference of 1860 he 
was received into the ministry and appointed to circuit-work. During 
his ministerial course he steadily increased in power and efBciency. 
He was a man of very rare intellectual ability, — his imaginative 
faculties were of a very high order, and his discourses were full of 
fresh, vigorous, and stimulating thoughts. He was eminent as a poet, 
and his contributions to the press won for him a very high literary 
reputation among his countrymen. He was a man of undoubted 
principle and of singular fidelity to his convictions, and at the same 
time he was greatly beloved by his brethren. He won the chair of the 
Liverpool Gordovic Eisteddfod, in 1877, for an ode on " The Tempta- 
tion of Christ," and also the prize for the best poem on Thomas 
Aubrey. In his popular lectures on " Man in Earnest," " Luther 
Bendragon," "Volcanoes," &c., he gave pleasure and instruction to 
multitudes. He edited the " Sermons of the Rev. Rowland Hughes " 
(Carnarvon : H. Humphreys, 1877) ; a " Memorial Volume," containing 
his lecture on " Job," and twenty-two of his sermons, and a sketch of 
his life, by hia brother, the Rev. William Hugh Evans, was published 
in 1888 (Holywell : P. M. Evans & Son). {Minutes of Conference, 
1886; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Traethodxjdd, 1903, p. 432; Y 
Oeninen, March, 1888, p. 12; Ibid, 1902, p. 32; /itc?, 1887, p. 233; 
Ibid, 1889, p. 119, et seq.; Ibid, 1890, p. 235, and March, p. 29 ; Welsh 
Religious Leaders in the Victorian Era. 

Evans, John Rhaiadore, about 1790 -about 1850, a doctor of 
medicine and author, was born at Glantanad Isaf, in the parish of 
Llanrhaiadr, Montgomeryshire. He was educated at the Oswestry 
Grammar School, and subsequently articled with Mr. Hugh Roberts, a 
surgeon in good practice at Llanfyllin. He afterwards became a pupil 
of Sir Benjamin Brodie. After filling the office of chief medical 
officer at the Bangor Infirmary, he was appointed Lecturer on Surgery, 
and one of the medical officers of the Middlesex and Royal Metropolitan 
Infirmaries. He enjoyed for some time an extensive practice in 
London, and amassed a good fortune. He wrote several medical 
works of acknowledged merit, among them being treatises on "The 
Remediable Evils attending the Life of the People " ; on " Irritation of 
the Spinal Nerves ; Introductory Lectures to a course on Distortions 
of the Spine, Chest and Limbs, and on Nervous Irritation " ; and " The 
Remedial Influence of Oxygen on Vital Air." {Mont. Worthies.) 

Evans, John W., 1810-1892, a Presbyterian minister, was born 
in the parish of Blaenpennal, Cardiganshire. His educational 
advantages were few in early life, but he devoted all his leisure to self- 
improvement. In 1841 he emigrated to America, and made his home 


in the Welsh settlements of Jackson and Gallia counties, — at that time 
a mere frontier wilderness. He was licensed to preach by the Ohio 
Presbytery in 184)5, and ordained to the ministry six years later. He 
devoted himself to the work with great earnestness, and Ijecame a very 
eflFective preacher, gaining for himself an honourable position among 
his brethren in the ministry. He was elected moderator of the 
General Assemljly, and several times served in the same office in the 
Synod of Ohio. (The Oamhrian, 1894, p. 161.) 

Evans, Jonah, 1836-1896, a Congregational minister and author, 
was born in the parish of Llanfiliangel, Carmarthenshire, and began 
preaching when about 18 years of age. In June, 18.^)7, he was admitted 
to the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen, where he spent four years. 
In 1861 he opened a grammar school at Llanybyther, preaching in the 
neighbouring churches on the Sundays. He took a very prominent 
part in the erection of Shiloh Independent Chapel, Llansawel, in his 
native county, and was ordained there in June, 1870. He passed, at 
an advanced age, an examination which qualified him to lecture on 
agriculture, and his services were often reijuired in that capacity at 
technical school centres. He published also several works, among 
them " The Biography of the Rev. E. Jones, Crugj-bar," in Welsh 
(Llandilo : D. W. & G. Jones, 1883), and a theological work, entitled, 
" Y Berllan Ddnwinyddol." {Congreg. Year Book, 1897 ; Cardiff" 

Evans, Lewis, 1755-1827, a mathematician, was the son of the 
Rev. Thomas Evans, of Bassaleg, Monmouthshire, and was educated at 
Merton College, Oxford, but did not graduate. He entered lioly orders, 
his first curacy being that of Ashbury, Berkshire, where he remained 
until 1778. He then became curate of Compton, in the same county, 
and ten years later he was preferred to the vicarage of Froxfield, 
Wiltshire. From 1799 to 1820 he held the post of mathematical master 
at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. In addition to a competent 
knowledge of various sciences, he had devoted much attention, in the 
latter part of his life, to astronomy. He possessed a valuable collection 
of instruments, and had a private observatory of his own on Woolwich 
Common. He contributed a number of articles to the Philosophical 
Magazine, and in 1823 was elected F.R.S. He was also a Fellow of 
the Astronomical Society. He left two sons — Thomas Simpson Evans 
(see post), and Arthur Benoni Evans (see ante). {Diet. Nat. Biog.) 
See Royal Kalendars ; Monthly Notices of the Astronomical Society 
of Lo7idon, V. 1, p. 53. 

Evans, Llewelyn loan, 1833-1892, professor of Hebrew and 
Old Testament exegeses at the Bala Calvinistic Methodist College, was 
the son of the Rev. Edward T. Evans, formerly of Caerwys, Flintshire. 
He emigrated with his parents to America in 18r)0, his father becoming 
pastor at Racine, Wisconsin. After graduating, he was elected 
lecturer in church history at Cincinnati ; in 1867 he was appointed 
professor of Hebrew ; and in 1873 he became professor of New 
Testament, Greek, and Exegesis. In each department his great and 
varied attainments enabled him to render invaluable service in the 


preparation of candidates for the ministry. He died suddenly, very 
Boon after his arrival in this country to take up his duties at Bala. A 
volume of his sermons, entitled — " Preaching Christ," with a sketch of 
his life, from the pen of Dr. Henry P. Smith, was published l)y the 
Christian Literature Co., New York, in 1893, and another volume 
containing his " Poems, Addresses, and p]ssays," published by the same 
firm, followed immediately afterwards. Dr. Smith refers to him as 
" one of the most exemplary and earnest, as well as one of the most 
scholarly and brilliant men," in the American ministry. (C <fc D. 
Herald ; The Cambrian, 1894, p. 50). See Y Traethodydd, 1892, 
p. 117 ; Y Geninen, 1895, p. 225. 

Evans, Mary Ann (or Marian), 1819-1880, "George Eliot," 
a novelist, was born in Warwickshire. In " George Eliot's Life, as 
related in her Letters and Journals," we read that her father " was 
born in 1773 at Ellaston, in Staffordshire, son of a George Evans, who 
carried on the business of builder and carpenter there ; the Evans 
family having come originally from Northop, in Flintshire." Her 
first considerable work, " Scenes of Clerical Life," which appeared in 
Blackwood in 1854, gave evidence of that power of blending imagina- 
tion with descriptions of realities which is one of the charms of her 
later writings. It was followed in 1859 by " Adam Bede ;" by " The 
Mill on the Floss " in 1860; and by "Silas Marner " in 1861. She 
wrote a number of other novels, and several poems, and was regarded 
as one of the leading novelists of the day. She died in May, 1880, 
and was buried in Highgate Cemetery, London. Her " Life," edited 
by Mr. J. W. Cross, was published, in three volumes, in 1884. (Bye- 
Gones, 1885, p. 256; Harmsivorth; Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Bye-Gones, 
1902, p. 473 ; A Series of Articles on " The True Story of Seth Bede 
and Dinah Morris" in " Leisure Hour,'' Nov. 1902, et seq. ; Univer- 
sity College of Wales Mag., 1883, p. 189 ; Biog., by Leslie Stephen. 

Evans, Morgan, 1830-1899, a journalist and specialist in liye 
stock and agricultural subjects, was a native of South Wales, and died 
at Fishguard. In 1870, in conjunction with the well-known veterinary 
expert, the late Professor Gamgee, he started a paper entitled "A 
Milk Journal," which had for its object the drawing of the attention 
of Parliament to the then wholesale adulteration of milk. Their 
efforts were speedily successful, as, in 1872, milk was placed within 
the scope of the "Adulteration of Foods Act." (C. & D. Herald.^ 

Evans, Oliver, 1755-1819, an inventor, described as the "James 
Watt of the Western Hemisphere," was "a poor boy of a Welsh 
farming family in Pennsylvania, and self-taught." He was born at 
Newport, Delaware, and apprenticed to a wheelwright, but became a 
miller. He was a man " whose inventive and constructive skill have 
added to the permanent wealth of the State and Union " (Bishop). As 
early as 1771, he aifirmed that he could propel boats and wagons by 
means of steam. His inventions include improvements in flour mills, 
a steam carriage (1799), the first American steam dredger (1804), and 
a quaint machine which was used as a carriage on land and a steamer 
on the river. He is chiefly memorable as the inventor of the high- 


pressure steam engine. In 1805 he published his famous " Engineer's 
Guide," fully describing the principles and methods of propelling by 
steam, both on land and water. He planned a railway between New 
York and Philadelphia, Imt died at New York before it was carried 
out. (Welshmen as Factors, &c.; Imp. Diet. Biog.; Harmsworth.) 
See Wales, v. 3, p. 22. 

Evans, O'wen, 1808-1865, a Unitarian minister, was born at 
Pyrlip, Llandyssul, Cardiganshire. He was prepared for the ministry 
by the Rev. David Davies, Castell Hywel ; supplied Pantdefaid for some 
time, and kept a school ; became assistant-master to one Mr. Whiting, 
at Evesham, but was obliged to leave at the end of six months owing 
to his religious views. He was minister at Blaengwrach, Vale of 
Neath, in 1836, and from 1837 to 1865 at Cefncoedycymmer. For 
some time he acted as examiner in Hebrew at the Presbyterian College, 
Carmarthen, and was one of tlie chief contributors to Yr Ymofijnydd 
from the first number in September, 1847. His sermon on " Barn- 
edigaethau Tymhorol " (Temporal Judgments), published by the Welsh 
Unitarian Society, in 1846, was much reaJ and discussed. (The Uni- 
tarian Students at the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen, Rev. R. 
Jenkin Jones, M.A., 1901, p. 35 ; Yr Ymofynydd, 1865 ; Ibid, 1895, 
memoir and portrait.) 

Evans, Rees, 1799-1878, a Baptist minister and journalist, was 
born at Pencareg, Carmarthenshire. When about 20 years of age he 
was baptized at Aberduar, and being soon afterwards pressed to preach 
he devoted himself to the work of the ministry. He spent some time 
at the Neuaddlwyd School, and afterwards proceeded to the Baptist 
College at Abergavenny, then under the presidency of the Rev. Micah 
Thomas. On leaving college, about 1827, he settled down in the 
pastorate at Llangadock. He became widely known in the Principality 
in connection with Seren Qumer (the " Star of Gomer "), the denom- 
inational magazine of the Baptists. (^Baptist Handbook, 1879.) 

Evans, Richard, 1793-1832, was a native of Llanbrynmair, 
Montgomeryshire. He spent the last few years of his life in London, 
where he became well-known as a philanthropist, the special objects of 
his care being his poor fellow-countrymen. He took a great interest 
in all matters relating to Wales, and afforded valuable aid to many a 
young Welshman on his first arrival in London. At the time of his 
death he was president of the Cymreigyddion Society, and curator of 
Welsh MSS. to the Royal Cambrian Society. (Camb. Quarterly Mag., 
V. 4.) 

Evans, Robert, -1750. parish clerk of Meifod in the first 

half of the nineteenth century, was a good poet. He was the author 
of "Cerdd y Winllan " ("Ode to the Vineyard"), a very popular 
ballad, or song, which, with two other compositions of his, are 
published in the " Blodeugerdd." He never debased his muse, as too 
many of his contemporaries did, by writing on profane subjects. He 
taught the vicar of his native parish, Dr. Salisbury Price, to read 
Welsh, and is supposed to have died in the Almshouse. {Mont. 


Evans, Robert Wilson, 1789-186G, a clergyman and author, 
was the second son of John Evans. M.D., of Llwynygroes, near 
Oswestry. He was educated at Shrewsbury School, and afterwards at 
Cambridge, where he was seventh wrangler and second Chancellor's 
medallist. He obtained a fellowship in 1813, and in the following 
year was elected classical tutor of his college. In 1836 he became 
examining chaplain to the Bishop of Lichfield, and vicar of Tarvin, in 
Cheshire. Six years later he accepted from his college the vicarage of 
Heversham, in Westmoreland. In 1856 he was appointed Archdeacon 
of Westmoreland, and after discharging the duties of that office with 
great satisfaction for 10 years he resigned, on account of his advancing 
years. He was the author of over twenty volumes, and wrote a strong 
protest against the proposed union of the dioceses of Bangor and 
St. Asaph. He also wrote five volumes in the series known as the 
" Theological Library." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Guardian, 14th 
March, 1866, p. 272 ; Gent. Mag., .June, 1866, p. 909 ; Church of 
England Photographic Portrait Gallery, 1859, portrait 33 ; Memoir, 
with portrait, in the Bishopric of Souls, ed. E. Bickersteth, 1877, 
pp. 5-14 ; Westmoreland Gazette & Kendal Advertiser, 17th March, 
1866, p. 5. 

Evans, Samuel, 1777-1833, a Congi-egational preacher and 
hymn-writei-, was born at Clydach, near Abergavenny. He carried on 
a very successful school for some years. In 1810, he became pastor of 
the cause at Soar, Merthyr Tydfil. He composed a number of hymns, 
the best-known being "Dal fi, Arglwydd, dal fi ronyn;" "Ni ddryllia'r 
gorsen ysig byth," and " Y fendith fwyaf gaed." (Hanes Ernynivyr.) 

Evans, Samuel, - 1835, a landscape painter of repute, was 

a native of Flintshire, but subsequently settled at Windsor. Here he 
was selected to teach drawing to the daughters of George III., and 
eventually he became drawing master at Eton College. Some of his 
views of North Wales and Windsor were engraved. He left Eton 
about 1818 for Droxford, Hampshire, (Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Evans, Samuel, 1793-1856, editor of Seren Gamer, was born 
at a house called Llwyn-y-piod, near St. Clears, Carmarthenshire. 
When the Eev. Joseph Harris (Gomer) died, in 18-25, the publishing 
otfice of the periodical referred to was removed from Swansea to 
Carmarthen, and, although the Rev. D. D. Evans was nominally editor, 
the actual work devolved upon Samuel Evans, and he conducted it 
with great success for 25 years. In 1839 he published an excellent 
revised edition of Dr. Richards' Dictionary, and in 1840 was one of 
the five literary men to whom the question of Welsh orthography was 
referred for consideration, with the view of securing uniformity. He 
published a number of valuable articles on the subject in Seren 
Cymru, which, in 1854, were collected and published in one volume 
under the title " Gomerydd " (Cardiff: : W. Owen). In 1852 he removed 
to Cardiff, where he edited the Bedyddiwr and Y Gymro Bach, and 
translated Dr. Gill's Commentary into Welsh. He remained there till 
his death, August 30, 1856. As a Welsh scholar he excelled, and as 
editor he outshone most of his contemporaries. (Enwog. C.; Bye-Gones, 
1891, p. 184.) 


Evans, Samuel, 1817-1902, a Congregational minister, was born 
in Ruabon, Denbighshire, and was the son of Thomas Evans, an 
architect. In 18.'14 he commenced preaching under the direction of 
the Rev. William Williams, of Wern, who was so much impressed 
with the young preacher's first effort that he persuaded him to 
persevere. He was for over half a century one of the popular 
preachers of North Wales. In 1840 he preached his first sermon at 
Llandegla, near Wrexham, where he soon afterwards became pastor. 
During his ministry, the two chapels at Pisgah and Bwlchgwyn, were 
twice renovated ami the debts cleared. He was a frequent contributor 
to the Welsh press, particularly Y Dysgedydd, and edited F Llusern 
for many years. He was also a good musician, and the composer of 
several congregational tunes. (C. & D. Herald : Gongreg. Year Book, 

Evans, Simon, 1824-1885, a Congregational minister and 
author, was the son of the Rev. John Evans, Penygroes, one of the 
most holy, devoted, and influential men that ever fulfilled the duties 
of a minister of Christ in Pembrokeshire, and was born at Fenian, 
Eglwys Wen, in that county. He attained a high position of influence 
among his brethren through the great excellency of his unblemished 
character, and unwearied fidelity to all public engagements. He was 
elected chairman of the Welsh Congregational Union in 1881, and 
delivered a most powerful address upon " The Theology of the Words 
of Christ." His labours were incessant ; for in addition to his 
numerous ministerial engagements, he took a leading part in all the 
educational, temperance, and philanthropic movements of his country. 
He edited the autobiography of the Rev. James Grifiiths, of St. David's. 
(Llanelly : Rees and Williams, 1860.) {Gongreg. Year Book, 1887 ; 
Gardiff Catalogue). 

Evans, Stephen, 1818-1905, a patriotic Welshman, was born 
near Cardigan, and went to London at an early age, where he 
established and maintained for many years a prosperous business as a 
warehouseman. In the fifties he came under the influence of Sir 
Hugh Owen, and for fully half a century he took a very active part in 
the promotion of educational and other movements for the advance- 
ment of his native country. He was a pioneer and a most liberal 
supporter of the University at Aberystwyth, for which he laboured 
assiduously and consistently to the end of his days. An ardent 
Eisteddfodwr, he gave every support to the national institution 
throughout his life. Of Welsh music he was a devoted admirer, and 
Welsh artists and composers found in him a constant and a generous 
friend. In 1873, when the Cymmrodorion Society was revived, he 
was elected chairman of the Council, a position to which he was 
re-elected every year, and which he occupied with dignity to the day 
of his death. In connection with the various Welsh denominations in 
London he rendered inestimable service. He was held in the greatest 
respect and veneration as a generous-hearted man and a true patriot. 
{North Wales Observer d Express.) 

Evans, TheOphilus, 1694-1767, a clergyman and author, was 
a native of Penywenallt, Cardiganshire. He was ordained priest in 


1719, and after several preferments he received the living of St. 
David's in Llanfaes, which he held until his death. It was Mr. Evans 
who discovered, in 1732, the medicinal virtues of the Llanwrtyd 
springs, being himself cured of what he describes as "a radicated 
scurvy of many years' continuance, and very near a leprosy." He 
contributed an interesting article on the subject to the St. James' 
Chronicle. He is the author of " Drych y Prif Oesoedd " (A Mirror of 
the Primitive Ages), which has been much read and admired, and of 
which several editions have appeared. In 1752, he published, in 
English, " A History of Modern Enthusiasm," in which he treats 
sectaries of all descriptions with great severity, but quotes their own 
authors, and instances their own leaders for what he conceives to be 
their most objectionable principles. (Jones' History of Brecknock- 
shire.) See Enwog. C. ; Llyfrydd. y Gyinry ; Hanes Lien. G. \ 
Enwog. y Ffydd^ vol. 2 ; The Spas of Wales ; Pryse's HandJiook to 
the Radnorshire and Breconshire Mineral Springs ; Revue Geltique, 
vol. 1, pp. 379 and 394 ; Y Diwygiwr, November, 1906. 

Evans, Thomas, 1739-1803, a self-made man, was born in 
Wales, and began life in London as a bookseller's porter. By industry 
and perseverance he became the publisher of the " Morning Chronicle," 
as well as the " London Packet," in which was printed the objection- 
able letter reflecting on Goldsmith and Miss Horneck, " the Jessamy 
bride." Goldsmith went to chastise Evans in his shop in Paternoster 
Row, as the person responsible for the article, and got the worst of the 
encounter. Goldsmith was summoned for assault, but settled the 
matter by paying £50 to a Welsh charity. Evans afterwards took over 
the extensive business of Messrs. Hawes, Clarke, and Collins, of 32, 
Paternoster Row. He retired some years before his death. He was 
separated from his wife owing to her affection for a wilful son, and 
left the bulk of his large fortune to an old friend. His only son 
married in 1790, was in business for himself, deserted his family, 
went to America, came back, and died in poverty eighteen months 
before the death of his father. He published several books relating to 
Wales, among them Caradoc's "History of Wales" (1774); "A 
Gentleman's Tour through Monmouthshire " (1774) ; and " The 
Worthies of Wales " (1775). (Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Llyfr. y Cymry ; 
Bye-Gones, 1874, p. 145.) See Gent. Mag., 1803, p. 696 ; Boswell's 
Life of Johnson, G. B. Rill, vol. 2, p. 209; J. Forster's Life of 
Goldsmith, 1854, vol. 2, p. 384 ; Andrews' Hist, of British Journalism, 

Evans, Thomas, 1762-1829, was born at Welshpool, where he 
became the heir to a small property. He, with his wife (formerly 
Grace Sugden), and six others, were the founders of Independency or 
Congregationalism at Welshpool, having, on the 19th December, 1794, 
formed themselves " into a church on the Independent plan." He 
was a man of very exemplary piety, and a friend and correspondent of 
De Courcy, Sir Richard Hill, Huntingdon, and others of the Evan- 
gelical clergy and laity of those days. His latter years he spent at 
Oswestry, where he died, being buried at Welshpool. {Mont. 


Evans, Thomas, about 17G0-LSli), a musician, was a native 
of Carmarthenshire, and attained considerable popularity as a harpist. 
He was the author of the popular air, " Y Ferch o'r Seer " 
(B. Cerddorion Cyxnreig.) 

Evans, Thomas, 1764-1833, "Tomos Glyn Cothi," Unitarian 
minister, poet and author, was born in the parish of Llanfihangel- 
Rhosycorn, Carmarthenshire. His early education was very limited, 
but his desire for knowledge was intense. At an early age he joined 
the Unitarians. In 1797 he was charged with high treason, on account 
of an English song he is said to have composed. He denied the charge, 
but was convictetl, and sentenced to two year's imprisonment. While 
in prison, he prepared an English-Welsh Dictionary (460 pp.) which 
was published in 1809. In 1793 he published what was probably a 
translation of Priestley's " Triumph of Truth," being an account of 
the Trial of Elwall for publishing a book in defence of the Unity of 
God. In 179.5 he issued the first number of a Welsh quarterly magazine, 
"The Miscellaneous Repository," hurt it was discontinued after the 
appearance of the third number. In 1811 he issued a hymn-book, 
containing 100 hymns, all original, for Unitarian congregations, a 
second edition appearing in 1822. He became minister of the Old 
Meeting House, Aberdare, in ISII, not 1813 as generally stated ; the 
church cash book is conclusive on this point. Mr. Evans was the 
author of the first Unitarian sermon ever published in Welsh, 
(Enu'og. C; Gar-diff Catalogue.) 8ee Hanes Lien. G.; Diet. Nat. Biog.; 
Memoir in " Gardd Aberdar" being the Eisteddfod Transactions of 

Evans, Captain Thomas, R.N., 1791-1853, a distinguished 
naval officer, was the third son of Dr. Evans, Llwynygroes (John 
Evans, 1756-1846, see ante). He entered the Navy, and saw nmch 
active service. From September, 1809, until 1811, he was employed 
under Sir John P. Beresford in the " Theseus " and " Poictiers " 
(70 guns), and in the yacht " Royal Sovereign," along the Portugese 
coast, where he found an opportunity of distinguishing himself in the 
boats of the " Poictiers " upon their being sent up the Tagus to harass 
the French lines. In August, 1815, he was placed on half-pay, and 
was not afterwards employed on active service. Some years later, he 
received the honorary rank of Captain. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Evans, Thomas, 1840-1865, "Telynog," a poet, was a son of 
a ship-carpenter, ami was born at Cardigan. His early education was 
very rudimentary, and at the age of 11 he was apprenticed on a small 
trading vessel. His treatment was so bad that he determined to run 
away, and went to Aberdare, where he found employment in a coal 
mine. He devoted his leisure hours to music, and attracted public 
attention as a singer. Soon afterwards he commenced to compete at 
the local eisteddfodnu, and won no fewer than 20 prizes. All this 
time he worked as a collier. His last six years were spent constantly 
struggling with ill-health. His poems were characterised by pathos 
and pleasantry, and had a charm that always touched his countrymen. 
His poetical works were collected and arranged by Dafydd Morganwg, 


and published in 1866, with a brief memoir from the pen of Mr. Howel 
Williams. A third edition appeared in 1886 (Cwmavon : LI. Griffiths.) 
{^Dict. Nat. Biog. ; Cardiff' Catalogue.) 

Evans, Thomas, 1843-1900, a Congregational minister, was 
born at Welshpool, from which place his parents moved to Newtown, 
where his early manhood was spent. He was educated as a school- 
master, in which profession he served at Aberhosan. In 1873 he was 
ordained pastor of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church at Welsh- 
pool. In 1870 he moved to Hope Chapel, Merthyr, where he 
laboured for eight years. He then became minister of the Congrega- 
tional Chapel, Lancaster Road, Preston, and in 1886 took charge of 
Victoria Park Church, London. Here he ministered for 10 years in 
one of the largest chapels in the metropolis. The last four years of his 
life were spent as pastor of East Cliff, Bournemouth. As a lecturer his 
services were in great demand throughout the United Kingdom ; 
England and Scotland appreciated his unique gifts. {Gongreg. Year 
Book, 1902.) 

Evans, Thomas David, 1844-1903, an architect, was a native 
of Wales, and emigrated to America in 1856. He served through the 
war of rebellion, and afterwards studied architecture, commencing 
business on his own account in 1871. He was very successful in 
his profession, and stood high with his associates. He served as 
president of the Pittsburg chapter of the American Institute of 
Architecture, and was many times a delegate to its national conven- 
tions. Among the buildings he designed, were the Lewis' Block, — the 
first of its kind in Pittsburg, — the Hamilton building and the Solomon 
stores. He paid special attention to Gothic architecture, erecting 
churches at Johnstown, Braddock, McKeesport, and other towns. The 
great plant of the Carborandum Company at Niagara Falls was built 
from his designs, and he erected several glass factories in Pittsburg and 
Indiana. (The Cambrian.) 

Evans, Thomas Penry, 1838-1888, a Congregational minister 
and lecturer, was born in the neighbourhood of Panteg, Carmarthen- 
shire. After attending for some time a neighbouring school, he 
entered the service of a farmer. In 1856 he decided to leave his 
native place for Glamorganshire, and obtained employment at the 
Ystalyfera ironworks, Swansea Valley. In 1859 he joined the Gurnos 
Congregational Church, where he proved himself to be possessed of 
rare gifts as a speaker, being a favourite reciter, always eagerly listened 
to, and highly appreciated. In 1865 he was admitted to Carmarthen 
College, and afterwards accepted a call to the pastorate of Dock Chapel, 
Llanelly, where he laboured with much success for two years. He 
then removed to New Quay, Cardiganshire, and in 1882 became pastor 
at Pontardulais, Carmarthenshire. He rapidly became the most 
renowned lecturer in the Welsh Congregational denomination, and, 
it haB been saiil, the most popular lecturer in any denomination in the 
Principality. He was by common consent one of the most unique 
and gifted of the many preachers who have made the pulpit such a 
power in Wales. {Gongreg. Tear Book, 1889.) 


Evans, Thomas Rhys, 1852-1892, a Congregational minister 
and author, was of Welsh origin, though he was born in Ellesmere, 
Salop. His father, the Rev. B. W. Evans, who was then pastor of the 
Congregational Church in that town, removed, when his son was five 
years old, to Yelvertoft, near Rugby. In 1869, Mr. T. R. Evans 
entered Cheshunt College, and in 1874 he accepted the pastorate 
at Brighton, previously held by the Rev. E. Paxton Hood. The 
conditions of the work here were very difficult, and there had been 
an inharmonious past to overcome, but he set himself steadily to 
the task. No man ever cared or sought less for popularity, and none 
more surely won it. Once known and heard, it was admitted that 
Brigliton contained no man more interesting and more richly endowed. 
His acquaintance with literature was altogether exceptional. Familiar 
with the original of many of the Greek and Latin masterpieces, 
passionately fond of all that was highest in English poetry and prose ; 
he also delighted in exploring less frequented paths. He acquired 
Danish and Norwegian, translated Martensen's profound book upon 
the mystic Jacob Boehme, and also Ibsen's plays. But the literary 
love of his life was Dante. He acquired Italian in order to read 
the original, and spent years in collecting material for what, had he 
been spared to write it, would have been a work that would have 
enriched our literature. He published " A History of the Council of 
Trent," and for years many of the ablest articles in the Literary 
World were from his pen. {Oongreg. Tear Book, 1893.) 

Evans, Thomas Simpson, 1777-1818, a mathematician, was 
the eldest son of the Rev. Lewis Evans (17.').') -1827, see ante). In or 
about 1797 he appears to have taken charge of a private observatory at 
Blackheath, belonging to William Larkins, formerly accountant-general 
to the East India Company at Bengal. After the death of Larkins, he 
was taken on as an assistant at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, but 
resigned in 1805. About the same time, he was appointed mathema- 
tical master under his father at the Royal Slilitary Academy, 
Woolwich. Here he continued till 1810, when he accepted the 
mastership of the mathematical school at New Chorlton, near 
Woolwich. In 1813 he became master of mathematics at Christ's 
Hospital, London. His attainments won for him the degree of Ll.D., 
and the Fellowship of the Linnean Society. He also contributed some 
articles to tlie Philosophical Magazine, among which may be 
mentioned, " Problems on the Reduction of Angles " (v. 28) ; " An 
Abridgement of the Life of Julien Le Roy, the Watchmaker, by his 
son" (v. 31) ; "A Short Account of the Improvements graduallj' made 
in determining the Astronomic Refraction " (v. 30), &c. His library 
was considered one of the most valuable collections of mathematical 
antl philosophical works in the kingdom. (Royal Kalendars ; Foster's 
Alwnni Oxon (1715-1886); Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Evans, Thomas T., 1807-1897, a Calvinistic Methodist minister 
and publisher, was bom at Trefeglwys, near Llanidloes, Montgomery- 
shire, and was the only son of Thomas and Elizabeth Evans. He 
began to preach about 1833, and emigrated to America about 1840, 
settling in Oneida County, New York. He was ordained to the full 


work of the ministry in 1845 at Remsen, and took charge of the 
churches at Penygraig and French Road. In 1850 he removed to 
Floyd, and in 1870 to Holland Patent, New York. His labours in the 
ministry were greatly supplemented by the publication, on his own 
responsibility, of valuable religious books in the Welsh language, 
among them being the Rev. James Hughes' " Commentary on the New 
Testament ; " Charles' " Bible Dictionary ; " Gurnal's " Christian in 
Complete Armour," &c. {The Cambrian^ 1895, p. 130.) See Cymru, 
vol. 21, p. 67. 

Evans, Thomas Williams, 1823-1897, a distinguished dentist, 
was born at Philadelphia, of Welsh parents. He studied dentistry, 
and became one of the most skilful of American dental surgeons, being 
afterwards appointed court dentist to Napoleon III. He dwelt in 
Paris for the remainder of his life, and worked for members of all the 
royal houses of Europe, being loaded witli gifts and decorations, and 
gaining a fortune of several millions of dollars. He became known as 
an expert in military sanitation, and was the founder of the Red Cross 
Society. On the night of the revolution of the Parisian people, 
September 4, 1870, the Empress Eugenie sought shelter at his house, 
and was taken by him to the coast, whence she escaped to England. 
He had a long and intimate relationship with Napoleon III. and his 
family, and was brought into connection with many of the chief 
European figures from 1848 to 1870. He left " Memoirs " in two 
parts — a sketch (made in 1884) of the political and military situation 
before the Franco-German War, with a full account of the escape of 
the Empress Eugenie from Paris ; and an autobiographical record, 
written the year before his death. He died in 1897, leaving nearlj' 
the whole of his great fortune to found a museum and dental 
institute in Philadelphia. (LippincoU ; Private Information). See 
Tfw Memoirs of Dr. Thomas W. Evans, edited by E. A. Crane, M.D. 
Evans, William, -1720, a Presbyterian divine, was born 

and educated in Carmarthenshire. Little is known of his early history, 
and the date of his birth is uncertain. He entered the ministry, and 
settled at Pencader, in his native county, in 1688, remaining there until 
1703, when he became pastor of the Presbyterian cause at Carmarthen. 
He there received into his house students for the ministry, and he has 
been regarded as the founder of the Welsh Academy in that town, 
from the fact that the education of divinity students first assumed 
under him a collegiate form. He was a man of superior attainments 
as scholar and divine. In 1707 he published a Welsh translation of 
"The Principles of the Christian Religion," of which at least two 
subsequent editions appeared. He is believed by some to have been 
the author of a small, but useful Welsh and English Dictionary, which 
was published 51 years after his death, but this was probably the work 
of another person of the same name (see next sketch). In 1714 he 
wrote a preface for "Geman Doethineb " (Gems of Wisdom), a very 
interesting work by his old tutor, R. Prytherch ; and in 1717 he wrote 
a long preface to the Welsh translation by lago ab Dewi of Matthew 
Henry's "Catechism." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Hanes Lien. G.; Bees' 
Hist, of Carmarthen College ; Llyfrydd. y Cymry. 


Evans, William, -about 1776, a lexicographer, was educated 
at Carmarthen College, under Dr. Jenkins, 1767-72. He was probably 
born in Carmarthenshire. His chief claim to notice is based on his 
English- Welsh Dictionary, compiled while he was a student, and 
published in 1771. A second edition appeared in 1812. The Rev. Dr. 
D. Silvan Evans describes it as a very respectable work. He was for 
some years pastor of the Presbyterian congregation at Sherborne, but 
removed owing to declining health, to take charge of a congregation at 
Moreton-Hampstead, Devonshire, in 1776, but was only able to retain 
it a few weeks, and probably died shortly after. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) 
See Christian Reformer, 1833, p. 552 ; 1847, p. 631 ; Tr Ymo/ynydd, 

Evans, William, 1779-1854, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was a native of Bangor, and served for some time as home missionary 
at Cardiff. He edited the connexional magazine, " Yr Eurgrawn " for 
some time, and in 1850 published a biography of the Rev. E. Jones, 
Bathafarn (Machynlleth : A. Evans). He also wrote a book on the 
Arminian controversy, entitled " Ymddiffynwr y Gwir : neu Eglur 
Olygiad ar Athrawiaeth y Calfiniaid a'r Arminiaid ; ynghyd a Sylwadau 
Cyfifredinol ar Lyfr J. Roberts, Llanbrynmair " (Dolgelly : R. Jones, 
1822). {Entvog. C. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Evans, William, 1798-1877, water-colour painter, born at 
Eton, was the son of Samuel Evans, a landscape painter (see atite). 
In 1818 he was appointed drawing maflter at Eton College, in succes- 
sion to his father. He had originally studied medicine, but eventually 
turned to art, and became a pupil of William Collins, R.A. He was 
elected an Associate of the old Society of Painters in Water Colours in 
1828, and exhibited drawings of Windsor, Eton, Thames Fishermen, 
&c. In 1830 he was elected a member of the society. His work was 
not marked by originality, but it shewed much vigour and brilliance. 
He continued to teach drawing at Eton until 1837, when he deter- 
mined to remove to London. In 1840 he was induced to take charge 
of the Boarding School in connection with Eton College, where he 
was the means of introducing several important reforms. He died at 
Eton, and was succeeded in the post of drawing-master to the school 
by his son, Samuel T. G. Evans (also a member of the Society of 
Painters in Water-Colours), and in the management of the boarding- 
house by his daughtei'. Miss Jane Evans. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) See 
.Redgrave's Diet, of Artists ; Ottley's Diet, of Recent and Living 
Painters ; Art. Jotirnal, 1878, p. 76. 

Evans, William, 1811 - 1858, landscape painter, usually known 
as " p]vans, of Bristol," in order to distinguish him from William 
Evans, the water-colour painter, of Eton, was an associate member of 
the old Society of Painters in Water-Colours, and a native of North 
Wales. He visited Rome and Naples in 1852, and his later work was 
influenced by the Italian School. He made himself a home for many 
years in the centie of beautiful mountain scenery at a farm called 
Tynycae, near Conway. Here he was able to cultivate a natural 
impulse for originality and grandeur in the constant contemplation of 


Nature in some of its -wildest forms, and he produced some fine works, 
the best known being a painting of " Traeth Mawr." There is a fine 
water-colour drawing by him in the print room at the British Museum. 
(Diet. Nat. Biog, ; Harmsworth.) See Redgrave's Diet, of Artists ; 
Ottley's Diet, of Recent and Living Painters ; Bryan's Diet, of 
Painters and Engravers, ed. R. E. Graves ; Gent. Magazine, ISoO, 
p. 105. 

Evans, Williain Edward, 1801-1869, youngest son of a 
Welsh medical man, John Evans, M.D (175(3-1846, see anfp), was born 
at the Council House, Shrewsbury, and educated at the Grammar 
School there, when it was under the distinguished mastership of Dr. 
Butler. He proceeded thence to Clare College, Cambridge, and having 
chosen the Church for his profession, he was ordained to the ministry, 
and served for some time as curate of Llanymynech, in his native 
county. Subsequently, he went to Criggion, Montgomeryshire, and 
Monkland, Herefordshire, and in each of these places he did good 
service to the Church. When at Monkland, he was made precentor of 
Hereford, and soon afterwards vicar of Madley-with-Tiberton, in that 
county, and 1860 or 1861, Canon Residentiary of Hereford Cathedral. 
His name will be known to the reading public, as the author of 
" Songs of the Birds " ; " Sermons on Genesis," and " Family Prayers." 
{Border Counties Worthies). See Atlienwum, 19th July, 1845 ; 
Luard's Graduatice Cantab., p. 170 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Everest, Sir George, 1790-1866, a military engineer and 
geographer, was born at Gwernvale, Breconshire. He was sent to 
India in 1806 as a cadet in the army, was chiefly employed in surveys 
and engineering works, and was surveyor-general of India, from 1830 
to 1843. He wrote important professional papers and reports, including 
an "Account of the Measurement of Two sections of Meridional Arc of 
India " (1847) ; and gave his name to Mount Everest, in the Himalayas. 
{Lippincott ; Harmsworth.) See Proceedings of the Rotjal Society, 
V. 16, 1868 ; Monthly Notices of Astronomical Society, v. 27, 1867, 
p. 105 ; Journal of Geographical Society, v. 37, 1867, p. 115 ; Annual 
Report of Royal Asiatic Society, v. 3, 1867, p. 16 -, Stubbs' Hist, of 
Bengal Arliliery, v. 2, 1877, p. 251 ; Catalogue of Scientific Papers, 
vol. 2, 1868, p. 531. 

Everett, Robert, 1791-1875, a Congregational minister, was 
born at Gronant, in the parish of Llanasa, Flintshire, his father lieing 
a lay preacher. In 1808 he joined the Congregationalists at New- 
market, in his native county, and in the following year began to 
preach. He subsequently received a short course of training at the 
Denbigh Grammar School, and the Wrexham Academy. He then 
became pastor at Denbigh, and eight years later crossed to America. 
He spent nine years as pastor in IJtica, removing in 1838 to Steuben, 
where he remained for the rest of his life. For many years he was the 
editor and publisher of the Welsh Congregational organ, " Y 
Cenhadwr " {Tlie Missionary). In 1830 he founded the first 
temperance society among the Welsh in Utica, and a powerful letter 
from his pen, which appeared in T Dysgedydd for 1834, gave an 


impetus to a similar movement in Wales. He took a prominent part 
in the anti-slavery campaign, and in conjunction witli tiie Rev. Morris 
Roberts, published, in 1846, an excellent collection of hj-mns, under 
the title of "Caniadaethy Cysegr." In 1861 he received the degree 
of D.D. from Hamilton College, New York. (Gytnru, v. 20, p. 281 ; 
Welshmen as Factors ; his Welsh Biography by David Davies, " Dewi 
Emlyn," 1879.) 

Fenton, Richard, 1746-1821, an author, was born at St. 
David's, Pembrokeshire, and received his early education at the 
Catlu'dral School. He subsequently entered the Middle Temple, and 
there studied for the legal profession. During his stay in the 
Metropolis he met Dr. Johnson, and was on intimate terms with 
Goldsmith and David Garrick. He was a good Greek, Latin, and 
French scholar, and his " Historical Tour through Pembrokeshire" is 
a work of great merit, and contains much interesting information. 
He also wrote " A Tour in Quest of Genealogy," 1811 ; "The Memoirs 
of an Old Wig " ; and a very caustic reply to the strictures of Dr. 
Burgess, bishop of St. David's, on his " Historical Tour." An " Index 
to the Historical Tour," compiled by Henry Owen, was published in 
1894. He is described by one who knew him as " a man of 
indefatigable industry, of a fine poetical fancy, of a very cheerful 
disposition, of particularly gentlemanly and fascinating manners, and 
a person of the best information, almost on every subject, he ever 
knew." He was buried at Manorowen, near Fishguard. (Diet. Em. 
W. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Biographical 
Sketches of ttie most Eminent Individuals Wales has produced, p. 11 ; 
Biog. Diet, of hiring Authors, p. 114 ; Evans' Catalogue of Engraved 
Portraits, No. .'5,S27 ; Gent. Mag. xci.. Part II., p. 644, new set, 37, 
p. 218 ; Lowndes' Bibl. Man. (Bohn), p. 790 ; Notes and Queries — first 
series, v. 8, p. 198 ; third series, v. 2, p. 331 ; sixth series, v, 5, 
pp. 279, 339. 

Ffoulkes, Edmund Salusbury, 1819-1894, a clergyman and 
author, was the third son of Col. Ffoulkes, of Eriviatt Hall, 
near Denbigh. He was educated at Shrewsbury School, and matricu- 
lated at Jesus College, Oxford, of which his uncle. Dr. Ffoulkes, was 
then principal. He took a second class in the Final Classical Schools 
in 1841, and subsequently became Fellow, Tutor, and Junior Bursar 
of his College. In 1855 he joined the Church of Rome, and remained 
in the communion of that Church for 15 years. Becoming dissatisfied 
with his position, he applied to his old diocesan. Bishop Wilberforce, 
to be reinstated as a clergyman of the Church of England, and his 
request was granted. In 1876 his college presented him to the rectory 
of Wigginton, near Banbury, and in 1878 he became vicar of the Church 
of St. Mary the Virgin, Oxford^the University Church. He was the 
author of many works : — " Christendom's Divisions ; " " The Church's 
Creed or the Crown's Creed ?" ; " Difficulties of the Day ; " " Sermons 
on the New Criticism," and "The Primitive Consecration of the 
Eucharistic Oblation." His last work was " The History of St. Mary 
the Virgin," on which he spent several years. For a long time he was 


one of the Divinity lecturers to the non-collegiate students, a body 
in whom he took deep interest. (Bi/e-Gones, 1894, p. 324.) 

FfOUlkes, Henry Powell, 1815-1886, a clergyman and author, 
was the second son of Mr. John Powell Ffoulkes, of Eriviatt, near 
Denbigh. He was educated at King's College, Chester, Shrewsbury 
School, and Balliol College, Oxford, where in 1840 he graduated M.A. 
Soon after leaving Oxford he applied liiniself to the study of the 
Welsh language under the Rev. J. Williams (Ab Ithel). In 1839 he 
was licensed to the curacy of Halkyn, Flintshire, afterwards removing 
to Buckley, in the same county. He did excellent work in this 
district, both as an earnest parish priest, and in making the services of 
the Church more attractive to the parishioners. In 1857 he was 
preferred to the rectory of Llandyssil, where he remained for 22 years. 
In 1861 he was appointed archdeacon of Montgomery, and canon 
residentiary of St. Asaph. In 1879 he was appointed rector of 
Whittington, where he remained till his ileath. He was the author of 
several publications for the use of Sunday Schools. He was looked 
upon in Convocation as the chief representative of Wales, and at the 
Church Congress held at Leeds, in 1872, he read a paper on " The 
Church in Wales," which excited a good deal of attention. (Bye-Gones, 
1886, p. 10.) 

FfOUlkes, William Wynne, 1821-1903, a lawyer, was the 
fourth and youngest son of Colonel John Powell Ffoulkes, of Eriviatt, 
near Denbigh, and a brother of Archdeacon Henry Powell Ffoulkes 
(1815-1886, see ante). He was educated at Shrewsbury School, 
whence he went to Jesus College, Oxford. He took his B.A. degree 
in 1844, and his M.A. in 1847. He entered Lincoln's Inn, and was 
called to the Bar in 1847. He soon proved himself an able lawyer, 
and had a good practice. He was nominated revising barrister for the 
North Wales Circuit in 1868, and was a Commissioner of Escheat for 
Chester and North Wales from 1872 to 1874. In the following year 
he was appointed County Court Judge of Circuit No. 7, comprising 
Birkenhead, Warrington, Runcorn, &c. After twenty-four years on 
the Bench, he retired in 1899, and was succeeded by Mr. W. Bowen 
Rowlands, K.C. {Bye-Oones, 1903, p. 137.) 

Fiske, John, 1842-1901, an American historian and philosopher, 
who was of Welsh blood on the maternal side, was born at Hartford, 
Connecticut, U.S.A. He graduated at Harvard College in 1863, and 
at the Dane Law School in 1865. From 1869 to 1871 he lectured at 
Harvard on philosophy, and in 1870 on history, and was assistant 
librarian there from 1872 to 1879. His " Outlines of Cosmic 
Philosophy " (1874), a masterly exposition of the Spencerian system, 
immediately attracted notice on both sides of the Atlantic This work 
was followed by "The Unseen World" (1876); "Darwinism and 
other Essays" (1879); "Excursions of an Evolutionist" (1883); 
" The Destiny of Man " (1884) ; " The Idea of God " (1885) ; and 
"Origin of Evil" (1899). For the last 20 years of his life Fiske 
devoted himself almost entirely to American history, and his works in 
that department include " American Political Ideas " (1885) ; " The 
Critical Period of American History " (1888) ; " The American 


Revolution " (1891) ; " The Discovery of America " (1892) ; " OKI 
Virginia and Her Neighbours " (1897) ; " Dutch and Quaker Colonies " 
(1899); and "Now France and New England" (1903). Fiske was 
also a charming essayist, lucid, suggestive, and penetrating. His essays, 
in two volumes, appeared in 190;!. {Welshmen as Factors, Ac, p. 10 ; 
Lvppincott ; Ilarmsworth.) 

Floyd, William, 1734-1821, one of the four New York 
delegates to the Continental Congress in 177G, and a Welshman by 
descent, was born on Long Island, U.S.A. He was a prominent 
patriot, and very wealthy. He was in the first Continental Congress 
in 1774, and signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He 
■was engaged in public life during the war, and sufiered great loss of 
property at the hands of the English. {Wales and its People.) See 
Lippincott; Goodrich's Lives of the Signers to the Declaration of 
Independetice ; Wales, v. 1, p. 282. 

Foley, Sir Thomas, 1757-1833, an admiral, was the son of 
John Foley, of Ridgeway, Pembrokeshire, his mother being the 
daughter of John Herbert, of Court Henry, near Llandilo, Carmarthen- 
shire. He entered the Navy as midshipman on board H.M.S. " Otter " 
in 1770. Three years later, he was appointed to the " Egmont," then 
guardship at Spithead, in which ship he remained till February, 1774. 
In 1778, he joined the "America" as lieutenant. The "America" 
formed part oiE the Channel Fleet off Brest, and he saw his tirst general 
action in her, in the engagement between that fleet and the French 
in that year. In 1807 he was appointed to a colonelcy of 
Marines, being soon afterwards promoted to the rank of rear-admiral. 
In 1811, he succeeded Sir George Campbell as Commander-in-Chief 
in the Downs, and remained there until the termination of the war. 
He became vice-admiral in 1812 ; was nominated a K.C.B. in 181.5, 
and, in 1820, was invested a G.C.B. He was appointed Governor of 
Portsmouth in 1830, and died there three years later. (The Red 
Dragon ,- The United Service Journal ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Life 
and Services of Admiral Sir Thomas Foley, by J. B. Herbert, Cardiff, 
1884 ; Marshall's lioi/al Naval Biog., v. 1, p. 363 ; Nicolas' Nelson 
Despatches ; Dirt. Nat. Biog. 

Foulkes, Hugh, 1673-1731, a lawyer, was the son of Robert 
Foulkes, deputy baron or clerk of the Exchequer at Chester. He 
matriculated at Jesus College, Oxford, in 1690, graduated B.A. in 
1694, and, in 1717, was appointed vice-justice of Chester. {The Welsh 

Foulkes, Hugh, about 1703-about 1772, a lawyer, was the son 
of Hugh Foulkes (1673-1731, see ante). In 1735 he waa appointed 
deputy baron, or clerk of the Exchequer at Chester, and, in 1762, 
vice-justice of Chester. {The Welsh Judges.) 

Foulkes, Isaac, 1836-1904, "Llyfrbryf," publisher and author, 
was born at Ruthin. He was brought up to the printing trade, and 
about 1860 he established a business in Liverpool. No man was more 
completely immersed in Welsh literary interests of every kind. He 
wrote several works of importance, including a very complete 


biography of Daniel Owen, the novelist. He contributed largi^y 
to the compilation of biographies known as " Enwogion Cymru," 
which he published in 1870. His " Life of Ceiriog Hughes," is in 
some respects one of the most felicitous biographies in the Welsh 
language. He was an ardent Eisteddfodwr, and frequently acted as 
adjudicator. It is to him that Wales is indebted for cheap editions 
of several Welsh poets, and reprints of many scarce books, including the 
" Mabinogion." He also penned " Cymru Fu," an excellent collection 
of the traditional tales of the Princii)ality ; " Rheinallt ab Grutfydd," a 
Welsh romance of considerable merit ; and other popular works. In 
1891 he started Y Cymro, as a Welsh literary newspaper, and enriched 
its pages with some of his best work. {Manchester Guardian ; Y 
Cymrodor). See Y Geninen, 1905. p. 31 ; Ibid, Mch., 1905, pp. 6-39 ; 
Cymru, v. 28, p. 237). 

Foulkes, Peter, 1676-1747, a clergyman and author, was the 
third sou of Robert Foulkes, of Llechryd, Denbighshire, and received 
his early education at Westminster School. In 1691 he proceeded to 
Oxford College, where he graduated M.A. in 1701, and D.D. in 1710. 
In 1724 he was made canon of Christ Church, and having married a 
daughter of the Bishop of Exeter, he was, in 1730, promoted to a prebend 
in that cathedral, and to other livings in the diocese. While an under- 
graduate he published, iu conjunction with John Freind, an edition of 
"Aeschines against Ctesiphon and Demosthenes on the Crown," with 
a Latin translation (Oxford, 1696). He also puldished a number of 
Latin poems, and " A Sermon preached in the Cathedral Church of 
Exeter, January 30th, 1723, being the day of the martyrdom of King 
Charles I." (Exeter, 1723). {Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Bye-Gones, 1874, p. 151). 
See Gent. Mag., v. 9, p. 46 ; Johnson's Lives of the Poets. 

Francis, Benjamin, 1734-1799, a Baptist minister and poet, 
was a son of the Rev. Enoch Francis, pastor of the Baptist church at 
Newcastle Emlyn, Carmarthenshire (1689-1740, see post). He began 
to preach when he was 19 years of age, and at the close of his course 
at college he was, in 1758, ordained minister of the Baptist cause at 
Horsley, Gloucestershire. In 1774 he published a collection of 104 
hymns of his own composition, a second collection of 94 hymns 
following in 1786. Some of these became very popular, and a few 
have been included in modern hymn books. He is the author of the 
hymn commencing 

" Arglwydd Dduw 1 bywha dy waith, 
Dros holl derfynau'r ddaear faith," 
but in most collections the name of the author is not given. He also 
wrote several poems. {Hanes Lien. G.) See Y Traethodydd, 1877, 
p. 172 ; Yr Adolygydd, v. 2, p. 340 ; Sweet Singers of Wales. 

Francis, Enoch, 1689-1740, a Baptist minister and author, was 
born in the Vale of Teifi, and in his nineteenth year was invited to 
preach. Soon afterwards he became assistant to his aged pastor, the 
Rev. John James, of Newcastle Emlyn, and after his death was 
appointed his successor. He soon distinguished himself as a most 
devoted and able minister of the gospel. In 1729 he published, by 


request, a notable sermon which he had delivered at Llangloffan, 
Pembrokeshire, and four years later appeared his " Gair yn ei Bryd " 
(4 Word in Season), a volume of 214pp., dealing with the theological 
discussions then prevalent on the subject of Predestination. The 
work was well received, for a second editic)n was called for in 1746. 
In 176(), a third edition was advertised by Stafford Prys, Shrewsbury, 
but whether it made its appearance or not is uncertain. (Rees' 
History ; Hanes Lien. Q.) See Enwog. y Ffydd, v. 2 ; Lbjfrydd. y 
Cymry ; Y Traethdydd, 1886, p. 272 ; Thomas' Hist. Baptist 
Association ; Thomas' Hanes y Bedyddivyr. 

Francis, John M., 1823- , an American ambassador, was the 
son of Richard Francis, of Llys-y-fran, near Haverfordwest, Pembroke- 
shire, and was born at Prattsburg, Steuben County, New York, to 
which place liis father had emigiated. He commenced life as a printer, 
and afterwards became editor of the Rochester Daily Advertiser. He 
subsequently became proprietor of the Troy Times, one of the most 
influential daily papers in Central New York. He was a member of 
the State Constitutional Convention of 1868-9, and took a leading part 
in the deliberations of that body. In 1871 General Grant appointed 
him minister to Greece, where he served for three years. It was the 
intention of President Garfield to nominate him minister to Brussels, 
but this was not realised owing to the President's untimely death. 
President Arthur, however, sent him as minister to Portugal. In 1882 
he was promoted to lie Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Austro-Hung;iry, where he remained until he was relieved by 
his Democratic successor. Industry, conscientiousness, and absolute 
fidelity to duty were conspicuous traits in his character, and great 
success crowned all his eliorts. {The Cambrian, 18U4, p. 259). 

Frere, Sir Henry Edward Battle, 1815-1884, British 
representative in South Africa, was the fifth son of Mr. Edward 
Frere, by Mary Ann, his wife, of Llanelly, Brecknockshire, and nephew 
of the well-known scholai-, wit and diplomatist, the Right. Hon. 
John Hookam Frere, M.P. He was born at Ty Mawr, in the Vale of 
Clydach, and educated at King Edward's Grammar School, Bath, and 
afterwards at Hailebury College, where he gained many prizes, and 
went as a cadet to India, with a high reputation already gained, in 
1834. Being selected for the Bombay Presidency, and having held a 
variety of inferior posts, in 1846 he was appointed Resident at Sattara, 
and held the post of Chief Commissioner in Sindh from 1850 to 
1859 ; in the latter year he was sworn a member of the Council 
of the Governor-General of Calcutta. In the following year, he acted 
as President of the Council during the absence of the Governor-General. 
From 1862 to 1866, he was Governor of Bombay. His mastery of 
Indian vernaculars, and his intimate knowledge of native character, 
made him an authority on all questions of Indian administration. 
From 1877 to 1881 he was governor of the Cape, and first high 
commissioner of South Africa, He was nominated a K.C.B., Civil 
division, in 1859, and was sworn a member of Her Majesty's Privy 
Council in 1873. (Poole's Brecknockshire ; Harmsworth). See Life 
by Martineau, 1895. 

Ri;v. Daniel Silvan Evans, Ll.D 


Gclius, see Jones, David Harvard . 
Gaius, see Morgan, David Griffith. 

Gambold, John, 1711-1771, a scholar and divine, was the son of 
the Rev. William Gambold, rector of Puncheston, near Haverfordwest 
(aee post). He took his degree of M.A. at Oxford in 1734, and about 
five yeai's later he was presented to the vicarage of Stanton Harcourt 
in Oxfordshire. In 174:2, he resigned his living, having embraced the 
tenets of the Moravian school. He thereupon returned to Wales, 
where he kept a school, and preached occasionally, but in 1744 he 
removed to London, and preached in Fetter Lane. In 1754 he was 
chosen a bishop of the Church of the United Brethren. He was an 
excellent scholar, and was frequently employed by the celebrated Mr. 
Bowyer to correct proofs for the press. He was the editor of a neat 
edition of the Greek Testament. His writings consist of poems, 
sermons, and smaller theological pieces, which were published in one 
volume, the best edition being from the Glasgow press, with an essay 
by Erskine, in 1822. He was also the editor and translator of Crantz' 
" History of Greenland," 2 vols., 8vo., 1767. {Diet. Em. W. ; Imp. 
Did. Biog.) See Nicholls' Anecdotes of W. Bowyer, 1782; Tyerman's 
Oxford Methodists, 1873 ; Gamhold's Works ; Malkins' South Wales, 
V. 2, p. 295. 

Gambold, William, 1672-1728, a clergyman and author, was 
born in the to-^Ti of Cardigan, and received a classical education, 
which was completed at Oxford. He entered holy orders, and was 
presented to the rectory of Puncheston, in Pembrokeshire, where his 
pious character made him highly esteemed. Being disabled from 
clerical duty, he devoted the latter years of his life to the compilation 
of an English and Welsh Dictionary, but he was not able to obtain 
funds to print it, and he left it behind him in manuscript. He had 
applied himself closely to the preparation of this work for 15 years, 
perusing for that purpose all the Welsh books and MSS. he could 
meet with. In 1727, he published a very useful Grammar of the 
Welsh Language in English. Subsequent editions of this work were 
published in 1817, 1833, and 1843. A letter from him to his son (the 
Rev. John Gambold, see ante) is printed in the preface to the first 
edition of Walters' English and Welsh Dictionary, 1794. {Diet. 
Em. W.; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Games, Stephen, 1779-1814, one of the earliest Wesleyan 
ministers in Wales, was a native of ISreconshire, and was a descendant 
of Sir David Gam, one of the heroes of the battle of Agincourt. He 
joined the Wesleyans at Carmarthen in 1799, and began to preach in 
1802. He spent the latter part of his life at Denbigh and Ruthin, 
where he rendered excellent service. (Enwog. C.) 

Garmonydd, see Jones, Humphrey B. 

Ges, Robert, 1820-1891, a physician, was a native of Denbigh, 
and a brother of Thomas Gee (1815-1898, see post). He studied in 
the colleges devoted to medical science in various towns on the 
Continent, chiefly in Germany. He settled in Liverpool about 1850, 
and speedily built up a large and lucrative private practice, which, as 


old age came on him, he relinquished in a great measure, contenting 
himself with acting in a consultative capacity. For many years he 
was the medical adviser of many of the oldest-established and 
wealthiest families in Liverpool and the sul)urlis. He was a generally 
recognised authority on medical jurisprudence, and a specialist 
in fever, his services being oftentimes requisitioned when any serious 
outbreaks of that disease took place. During his long, useful and 
honourable career, his sj^mpathies were always with the poor and 
afflicted, to whom he generously gave advice and pecuniary assistance. 
He was the prime mover in the establisliment of a fever hospital at 
Netherfield House, Liverpool, with which he was officially connected 
for many years. (Bye-Gones, 18i»l, p. 4.) 

Gee, Thomas, 1815-1898, the well-known publisher, and a 
most prominent public man, was a native of Denbigh, where he 
resided throughout his long career. He succeeded to the business of 
printer and publisher which had been established by his father. His 
whole career is a record of pluck, energy, and indomitable persever- 
ance. His Welsh newspaper, the Baner, has always been in the front 
of every movement affecting Wales, and by his enterprise as a 
publisher he rendered yeoman service to the literature of his country. 
The valuable works issued by him form quite a long catalogue ; chief 
among them is the Welsh Encyclopaedia, a work which is said to have 
entailed an expenditure upon its production of £20,000. The battle 
for religious equality found in Mr. Gee one of its most undaunted 
champions. He also rendered noble service to the cause of Welsh 
education. He was essentially a leader of men, largely impressing 
every movement in which he took part with his own distinctive 
personality. (Young Wales, 1898.) See Cymru, v. 20, p. 207 ; Ibid, 
V. 16, p. 165 et seq.; Y Tmethodydd, 1899, p. 36 ; Y Geninen, 1901, 
p. 108 ; Ibid, 1902, p. 109, and March, p. 43 ; Ibid, March, 1899, p. 7 ; 
Young Wales, 1895, p. 211 ; Ibid, 1896, p. 38 ; Y Geninen, 1899, 
pp. 150, 292. 

George Eliot, see Evans, Mary Anne. 

Gibbs, Marmaduke, about 1640-1701, a lawyer, was a native 
of Neath, Glamorganshire. He was called to the bar in 1673, and was 
second justice of the Carmarthen circuit from 1689 until his death in 
November, 1701. {The Welsh Judges). 

Gibson, John, 1790-1866, the sculptor, was the son of a landscape 
gardener, and was born near Conway. When nine years of age he 
removed with his parents to Liverpool, where he was apprenticed to a 
cabinet-maker. He afterwards entered the employ of a carver in wood, 
and some of his carvings having attracted the attention of a marble 
mason, he was induced to proceed to London, and from thence to Rome, 
to study sculpture. He entered the studio of the great Canova, where 
his progress was rapid. After Canova's death, although himself already 
a master, Gibson studied for a time under Thorwaldsen, thus becoming 
successively the pupil of the two greatest sculptors respectively of the 
south and the north of Europe ; but forming ultimately for himself a 
style independent of either. He devoted himself almost exclusively to 


the production of poetic subjects, chiefly taken from the mj-thology of 
Greece and Rome. He also executed a few portrait statues, but only 
for special positions, the chief being the colossal seated statue of 
Queen Victoria, supported by Justice and Mercy, which is placed in the 
prince's chamber at Westminster ; another statue of Her Majesty, in 
Buckingham Palace ; a marble statue of Huskisson, for the cemetery, 
Liverpool ; and of Sir Robert Peel, for Westminster Abbey. He was 
admittedly the chief of British sculptors of his day. Everything he 
did shows refined taste, a thorough knowledge of the specific style, and 
entire mastery of the technics of his art. He was elected A.R.A. in 
1833, and R.A. in 1838. His most famous works are " The Hunter 
and Dog," " The Tinted Venus," " Pandora," " Mars and Cupid," and 
" Hero and Leander." He died and was buried at Rome. {Imp. Diet. 
Biog.) See Life, by Lady Eastlake, 1870 ; Trans. Nat. Eist., Liverpool, 
1884. p. 598 ; 7 TraetJwdydd, 1866 ; Redgrave's Diet.; Cymru, v. 28, 
p. 233 ; Totmg Wales, 1904, p. 26 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Gittins, Edward, -1884, "lorwerth Pentyrch," a poet, 

was born in the parish of Llanfair-Caereinion, Montgomerj'shire, 
where he lived all his life. As may be supposed, his opportunities for 
mental improvement, and for indulging his literary tastes, were few and 
scanty, but he acquired some reputation as a Welsh poet, and secured 
several prizes for englynion, as well as a prize for a " Parochial His- 
tory of Llanfair," which suljsequently appeared in the " Montgomery- 
shire Collections." The latter, especially considering the disadvantages 
under which it was written, is a very creditable production. (Mont. 

Giraldus, see Griffith, Owen. 

Glan Alun, see Jones, Thomas. 

Glanaraeth, see Richards, Henry. 

Glan Pherath, see Hughes, Thomas. 

Glanffrwd, see Thomas, William. 

Glanmor, see Williams, John. 

Glanystwyth, see Hughes, John. 

Glasynys, see Jones, Owen Wynne. 

Gogrynwr, see Jones, Thomas. 

Golden Rule Jones, see Jones, Samuel Milton. 

Goleufryn, see Jones, William R. 

Golyddan, see Pryse, John Robert. 

Gomer, see Harris, Joseph. 

Gorfyniawc O Arfon, see Williams, John. 

Goronway, George, 1842-1902, a poet, known as "Shenkyn 
Shadrach," who was of Welsh descent, spent the whole of his life in 
America. He wrote a good deal of poetry of a high order, his most 
popular poems being " The Battle of Manilla," " When I go back to 
Wales, my boys," " Tell me, Robin," and the " Rose of Love." He was 


buried at Hollenback Cemetery, where rest the remains of his 
compatriots, Gwilym Gwent and Lewis Anthony. (The Cambrian, 
1902, p. 509). 

Goron^vy Ddu O Fon, see Owen, Goronwy. 

Gower, Sir Erasmus, Bart., 1742-1814, an illustrious 
seaman, was a native of Pembrokeshire, and at a very early age was 
appointed second captain of a ship of the line. In 1766 he was made 
a lieutenant, and in 1775 he was chosen by Sir George Rodney to be 
his first lieutenant on board the " Sandwich." He took part in several 
engagements, and was knighted in 1793. In November, 1794, he was 
appointed to the command of the " Triumph " (74 guns), which was one 
of the squadron under Admiral Cornwallis, when he made his 
celebrated retreat in the face of the French armament. On this 
occasion Sir Erasmus was highly commended by the admiral. In 
1799 he was made rear-admiral. (Lives of Illustrious Seamen.) See 
Oent. Mag., 1814, vol. 84, part 2, p. 289; Diet. Nat. Biug.; Diet. Em.W. 

Graven, David, 1787-1872, an essayist and hymn writer, was 
born near Carmarthen, and lived there during the whole of his life. 
He was a prominent member of the Congregational connexion, and 
had frequent discussions in public with the Rev. D. Rees, Llanelly, on 
the question of church government. In 1847 he published a collection 
of over 1,200 hymns, many being his own composition, under the 
title " Caniadau Seiou." In 1859 there appeared his ' Henafiaethau 
Cristionogol," a Welsh history of the Chi-istian Church. (Hanes 
■Emynwyr : Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Gray, Thomas, 1840-1906, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, was a native of Bangor, and was educated at Menai Bridge, 
Beaumaris Grammar School, and Bala Theological College. For a 
year (between 17 and 18 years of age), at the request of Sir Hugh 
Owen, he taught at the British School, Dwyran, Anglesey. He 
commenced preaching at the early age of nineteen while attending a 
grammar school kept by Mr. John Evans, M.A., at Beaumaris. A year 
later he entered Bala Theological College, and studied there for four 
years. In July, 1864, he entered upon his first pastorate of the Welsh 
Calvinistic Church at Welshpool. Here he laboured with great 
success for five years. Tlie church doubled in membership, and a 
new church was built and paid for. In 1869 he left for Rhyl, and 
laboured there, as minister of Clwyd Street Church, from 1869 to 
1876. This church also doubled in numbers during his pastorate, and 
a new church was erected at Foryd. In 1876 he was invited to 
Wrexham and Heywood Street, Manchester, and accepted the latter 
call. In Manchester he laboured for 14 years with much success, 
removing in 1890 to Parkfield, Birkenhead. For 35 years he visited 
various parts of the Principality on behalf of the British and Foreign 
Bible Society, his natural eloquence in English and Welsh making 
him a gi-eat favourite on the platform of the Bible Society. At the 
time of his death, he was moderator of the General Assembly of North 
and South Wales. He wrote a biography of his brother (which had a 
large circulation), entitled, " A Teacher in Earnest," and was a 


frequent contributor to Welsh periodicals!. He also wrote an epic poem 
on "John Penry," and other poems on "The Bilile," "The Victory of 
the Cross," and a number of Welsh Hymns. {Liverjjool Daily Post 
and Mercury, 7 August, 1906 ; Y Genedl Gymreig, same date). See 
Y Drysorfa, 1906 ; Y Geninen, Mar. 1907, p. 6. 

Griffith, David, 1792-1873, a Congregational minister, popularly 
known as " Griffith, Bethel," was born at Llunegwad, Carmarthenshire. 
He was educated for the ministrj' at Carniartlien College, and in 1<S14 
he became assistant to the Rev. John Grittith at Carnarvon and Bethel, 
and was ordained a year later. He afterwards Ijecame pastor at Bethel, 
and became a distinguished preacher in the Principality. New 
churches were planted by him, and new chapels built in many 
directions ; his services were in constant dem ind in North and South 
Wales, and such was his fame that immense crowds flocked to hear 
him wherever he went. During the great revival of 1S40, and again 
in 1859, his ministry was remarkably successful. His noble physique, 
his fine musical voice, together with his unaffected simplicity of 
manner, coupled also with his earnestness, zeid, and remarkable pathos, 
gave him great power over his hearers. His Biography, in Welsh, 
with elegies by the Rev. Wm. Rees (Gwilym Hiraethog) and D. Price 
(Dewi Dinorwic), edited by his sons, David Griffith and R. W. Griffith, 
appeared in 1879 (Carnarvon: 0. R. Owen). {Gongreg. Year Book, 
1874 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Griffith, David, 1800-1894, "Clwydfardd," a poet, was born at 
Denbigh, his father being a watchmaker, carrying on business in that 
town. The sou was brought up to the same trade. In 1826 he 
became a local preacher with the Wesleyans. He first came into 
prominence as a bard in 1824, when he won a silver medal at the 
Denbigh Eisteddfod for an ode on the Vale of Clwyd. In 1827 he 
secured the prize at the Ruthin Eisteddfod for the best translation of 
Goldsmith's " Deserted Village ; " and in August of the same year he 
won a prize for a poem on " Difyrwch Helwriaeth " (the Pleasures of 
Hunting). His subsequent successes were numerous. For many years 
prior to his death he acted as archdruid, and as conductor and 
adjudicator his services were in constant request, his ripe and impartial 
judgment securing for him universal respect. In 1890 he received a 
Treasury grant of £200 in recognition of his services to Welsh 
literature. In the words of Dean Howell : — " A true, patriotic, warm- 
hearted Welshman, he merged the Christian in the bard or the druid. 
He maintained an exemplary tendency of Christian character to the 
end of a useful and estimable life of large sympathies and noble 
qualities." His remains were interred in Abergele churchyard. (Bye- 
Gones, 1894, p. 478.) See F Geninen, March, 1896, pp. 7, 37 ; Ibid, 
1895, p. 86 el seq. 

Griffith, David, 1823-1878, a Unitarian minister and author, 
was a native of Llandyssul, Cardiganshire. He was minister of Onen 
Fawr, Llandilo, 1843-49 ; Aberdeen, 1849-53 : Wareham, 1854-58 ; 
Tavistock, 1858-66 : and Cheltenham, l,S6(J-78. He published several 
works, all in English, the most important being " The Continuity of 


Religious Development,'" 1867. {The Unitarian Students at the 
Presbyterian College, Carmarthen, 1901, p. 43 ; Vestiges of Protestant 
Dissent, Geo. Eyre Evans, 1897 ; Yr Ymofynydd, 1849, p. 282 ; Ihid, 
1878, p. 143.) 

Griffith, Elizabeth, about 1720-1793, an authoress, was born 
in Glamorganshire. About 1752 she married Richard Griffith (about 
1704-1788, see post), and, in conjunction with him, wrote the "Letters 
of Henry and Frances," 4 vols., which enjoyed much popularity. She 
also wrote several plays, and a book of more merit entitled " The 
Morality of Shakespeare's Dramas illustrated." Her comedy, " The 
Platonic Wife," adapted from the French, was played for six nights at 
Drury Lane Theatre in 1765. In the following year, another comedy, 
"A Double Mistake," was acted on 12 successive nights at Covent 
Garden. Her " School for Rakes " was produced with great success in 
February, 1769, and was reprinted in book form several times She 
also published two novels, " The History of Lady Barton," 1771, and 
" The Story of Lady Juliana Harley," 1776, and edited a collection of 
novels in three volumes, consisting of works by Mrs. Behn, Mrs. Auliin 
and Eliza Haywood, and some translations. One of her latest publica- 
tions was " Essays to Young Married Women," 1782. Her plays are 
brightly wi-itten, and are considered superior in point of merit to her 
novels. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Baker's Biog. Dram., vol. 1, p. 301 ; 
Victor's History of the Theatres of London, pp. 69, 76, 137 ; Garrick's 
Private Correspondence ; British Museum Catalogue ; Watt's Bihl. 
Brit. ; Genest's History of tlie Stage, vol. 5 ; Diet. Em. W. ; Imp. 
Diet. Biog. 

Griffith, George, 1812-1883, an author, was a son of a native of 
Carmarthenshire, ami was a corn merchant by trade, and resideil for 
many years prior to his death at Bewdley. He was well known as a 
writer on Grammar Schools, about which he published the following : 
" The History of the Endowed Schools of Worcestershire " (1852) ; 
" The History of the Endowed Schools of Staffordshire " (I860) ; 
" The History of the Grammar School of King Edward VI., Shrews- 
bury" (1860); "The History of the Endowed Schools, Colleges, 
Hospitals, and Asylums of Birmingham " (1841) ; " The History of 
George Wilson, a foundation scholar" (1864) ; " The Endowed Schools 
of England and Ireland " (1864). These works contain much statistical 
and other information, which will render them still more valuable in 
future years. He also wrote " Reminiscences of the Midland 
Counties," and a poem descriptive of Quatford, Bridgnorth. {Bye- 
Gones, 1883, p. 189.) 

Griffith, James, 1782-1858, a Congregational minister and 
authoi', was a native of Meidrym, Carmarthenshire, and completed his 
education at the Carmarthen Grammar School, then under the care of 
the Rev. Timothy Davies. In 1806 he became pastor at Machynlleth, 
where he laboured successfully for about sevea years. In 1814 he 
undertook the care of the united churches of St. David's and Solva, 
Pembrokeshire, and in 1828 he was appointed secretary of the 
Pembrokeshire Missionary Society, an office which he held for nearly 


twentj' years. He published a number of pamphlets and articles on 
the Congregational metliod of church government and cognate 
subjects, among them, " Trefn yr Eglwys dan y Testament Newydd, 
golwg fer ar natur yr eglwys, mewn ffordd o ymddiddan rhwng 
Presbuteras a Juvenis." (Carmarthen : J. Evans, 1811.) Emvog. G. ; 
Cardiff' Catalogue. See Gongreg. Year Book, 1859. 

Griffith, James Milo, 1843-1897, a sculptor, was a native of 
Pembrokeshire, and was educated at the British School, in the parisli 
of Llechryd, Cardiganshire. Here he shewed a taste for art, and 
became imbued with a strong desire to excel as a painter. But he was 
destined to take up the sister art of sculpture as a professi<in, although 
his sense of colour was equally as strong as that of form. When about 
14 years of age he was apprenticed to Mr. Clark, the sculptor engaged 
upon the restoration of Llandaff Cathedral. In his nineteenth year he 
removed to London, and studied in the Lambeth School of Art, and 
the Royal Academy, where he won many prizes, including the silver 
medal in the Antique School, and the National medallion, the highest 
prize then given. He quickly rose to a leading position in his 
profession, and received many important commissions. His chief 
works are " Fine Arts," on the Holborn Viaduct ; " The Four 
Evangelists," in Bristol Cathedral ; the Drinking Fountain at Bridge- 
north ; " Summer Flowers," at Margam Castle ; " Sheridan's Ride," 
exhibited at the Chicago Exhiljition ; the statue of John Batchelor, in 
Cardiff; and of Sir Hugh Owen, in Castle Square, Carnarvon. {The 
Cambrian, 1894, p. 3 ; Liverpool Mercury.) See Bye-Gones, 1897, 
p. 200 ; Y Genirwn, Mar. 1898, p. 42. 

Griffith, John, about 1621-1700, a Baptist minister and author, 
was for some years pastor of the church at Dunning's Alley, Bishop- 
gate Street Without, London. He was one of those who declined to 
take the oath of allegiance, and in consequence he spent upwards of 
fourteen years in different prisons for preaching the Gospel. He wrote 
" A Voice from the Word of the Lord to Quakers ;" " Six Principles of 
the Christian Religion ;" and " A Complaint of the Oppressed." 
(Wilson's Dissenting Churches of London; Crosby's History of English 

Griffith, John, 1818-1885, a clergyman, a native of Aberystwyth, 
was educated at Ystradmeurig, Swansea, and Christ College, Cambridge, 
where he won classical and musical honours. He was ordained in 
1843, and for some time acted as tutor in the family of Sir Stephen 
Glynne, Bart., Hawarden. He afterwards became vicar of Aberdare, 
and, finally, rector of Merthyr. As a preacher, he was a master of 
descriptive, and almost dramatic, excellence. His earnestness and 
eloquence in the pulpit ; his practical aid in the various colliery 
disasters ; his success for appeals to the world for aid to the poor 
widow, and the poorer orphan, had endeared him to all. In his 
early days, he paid a good deal of attention to archajology. He was 
local secretary of the Cambrian Archseological Society, and was no 
inapt student of the vexed controversies which occupied Celtic Davies 
(as he was called), lolo Morganwg, Stephens, and Fritchard. {The 
Red Dragon, 1885, p. 481). 


Griffith, John, 1821-1877, popularly known as " Y Goht'bydil," 
was born near Barmouth, Merioneth, his mother being a daughter of 
the Rev. John Roberts of Llanbrynmair (1767-1834, see juos<). Starting 
life as a grocer's apprentice, he removed to London, and engaged in the 
more congenial work of assisting Sir (then Mr.) Hugh Owen, in 
establishing British Schools in Wales. He was afterwards engaged by 
Mr. Thomas Gee (see ante) as London correspondent for the Baner, 
and his letters to that newspaper on current topics were the means 
of increasing its circulation very considerably. His literary style 
was direct, striking, and picturesque, and his letters abounded in 
shrewd common sense. He was an ardent patriot, who fearlessly 
exposed wrongs wherever he found them ; in politics, intensely 
Liberal ; in religion, a thorou,;;hgoing Nonconformist ; a remarkably 
keen observer of men and manners ; and a sagacious interpreter of 
current events and the signs of the times. {Mont. Worthies.) See 
Y Geninen, 1890, p. 180 ; his Biog., Gee, Denbigh, 1906 ; Y Geninen, 
1906, p. 173. 

Griffith, John Owen, 1828-1881, "loan Arfon," a poet, was 
born at Waenfawr, Carnarvonshire. He had very little scliooling as 
a boy, for at 12 years of age he began work at the Llanberis Slate 
Quarries. Some years afterwards he spent about six years at a 
grammar school, and later on settled in business on his own account at 
Carnarvon, where he died. He was buried at Llandwrog, near 
Carnarvon, where a monument was erected to his memory in 1883. 
In 1865 he carried off the chair prize at the Bethesda Eisteddfod, and 
he also won many other prizes at Eisteddfodau in the Principality and 
in Australia. His principal compositions are his ode on " Adam," and 
" The Deluge," and his poems on " The Night : " " Hope ; " '• Home ; " 
" The Grave," and his " Elegy on the Death of Glasynys " (Rev. Owen 
Wynne Jones). He was an authority on the geology of his native 
county, and his Welsh essay on " The Slate Quarries of Carnarvonshire " 
passed through at least three editions. He edited the poems of the 
Rev. Robert Ellis (Cynddelw), published in 1877 (Carnarvon : H. 
Humphreys). As an adjudicator he was much sought after, the 
greatest confidence being felt in his thoroughness and conscientious- 
ness. (G. A: D. Herald.) See YBrython, vol. 3, pp. 148,176; Ibid., 
vol. 5, p. 429 ; Y Getiinen, 1885, p. 8 ; Yr Eisteddfod, v. 2, p. 267, for 
his poem on " The Night." 

Griffith, Moses, 1769-1809, draughtsman and engraver, was a 
native of Bryncroes, in South Carnarvonshire. His parents were in 
humble circumstances, and his education was of a very elementary 
character. From boyhood he was clever with his pencil, and in due 
course he studied drawing and engraving. He entered the employ of 
Thomas Pennant {q.v.) whose constant companion he became on his 
tours. He made the drawings and engravings for Pennant's Works. 
On leaving Pennant's service he settled near Holyhead, where he 
followed his occupation as engraver. He was also employed by 
Francis Grose to engrave some of the plates in his " Antiquities." 
{Diet. Nat. Biog.) See G.B., vol. 1, p. 433 : Y Brython, voL 2, sec. 


ed., p. 43o ; Gent. Mag., 1809, pt. 2 ; Redgrave's Diet, of Artists ; 
Pennant's Literary Life. 

Griffith, Owen, about 1613-1730, a poet and antiquary, the 
son of the Rev. Gritfitli Owen, of Cefn Treflaeth, was born in the 
parish of Llanystumdwy, Carnarvonshire, and spent the whole of his 
long life in that and the adjoining parishes of Penmorfa and Dolben- 
maen. His early promise brought him under the notice of Bishop 
Humphreys, who befriended him in many ways. Among other acts 
of kindness the Bishop allowed him to live rent-free in a small 
tenement, which is known to this day as " Tyddyn Owen " (Owen's 
Tenement). He was one of the leading poets of the day, and wrote 
a large number of elegies and poems in acknowledgment of favours 
received at the hands of the gentry of the neighbourhood. Some 
years before his death he became totally blind, and at that time his 
poems were written from his dictation by William Elias, Bryn y 
Beddau, who lived close by. His poetry was contained in five large 
MSS. volumes. In 1806 David Thomas" (Dafydd Ddu Eryri) wrote a 
narrative of Griffith's life in English and Welsh, but it does not appear 
to have been published. He died at Llanystumdwy, and was buried 
in the Churchyard of that parish. {Cymrii, vol. 3, p. 132.) See 
T Brythoti, voL 3, p. 270 ; Golud yr Oes, vol. 1, ip. 159, 415 ; Gyfres 
y Fil (0. M. Edwards) ; Cell Meudwy (Ellis Owen), p. 58. 

Griffith, Owen, 1832-1896, "Giraldus," a Baptist minister and 
author, was born at Garn Dolbenmaen, Carnarvonshire, where he 
received his early education, joining the Baptists at the age of 13. He 
was apprenticed as ship's carpenter at Portmadoc, and followed that 
occupation till he was 30 years of age. He then went through a course 
of study at Haverfordwest College, and afterwards was called to the 
pastorate at Risca, South Wales. In 1866 he went to America, and in 
the following year became pastor at Minersville, Pennsylvania. In 1872 
he removed to Utica, which he made his home during the remainder of 
his life. His sermons were always instructive and practical, but he 
was best known as an author, and as editor and publisher of 
Y Wawr (The Dawn), a Welsh religious monthly magazine devoted 
to the service of the Baptists in America, which he started in 1876, 
and edited till his death. His first book, " Above and Around," was 
published in 1872, and consisted chiefly of sermons and miscellaneous 
sketches. In 1887, after a visit to Wales, he published " Naw Mis yn 
Nghymru " (Nine Months in Wales). This was followed, in 1891, by 
a volume in Welsh on " The Two Christian Sacraments in their Origin 
and Development," written from the Baptist point of view, which was 
well received. (77te Cambrian, 1896, p. 194). 

Griffith, Sir Richard, about 1704-1788, an author, was the 
elder son of Edward Griffith. His grandfather, Richard Griffith, was 
rector of Coleraine and dean of Ross. The family, originally of 
Penrhyn, Carnarvonshire, settled in Ireland in the reign of James I. 
Griffith shewed literary tastes at an early age. After a long engage- 
ment he married, about 1752, Elizabeth Griffith, a native of Glamor- 
ganshire (about 1720-1793, see an/e). About 1760 he seems to have 


received some post from the Duke of Bedford, lord-lieuteuant of 
Ireland. In 1764 he published a novel entitled " Tlie Triumvirate ;" 
he also wrote, jointly with his wife, the " Letters of Henry and 
Frances." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Gent. Mag., 1797, vol. 2, p. 755 ; 
Notes and Queries, 1st series, vol. 1, p. 418 ; Chalmers' Biog. Did. ; 
Burke's & Foster's Baronetage. 

Griffith, Richard, 1752-1820, a merchant, was the only son of 
Sir Richard Griffith (about 1704-1788, see ante), and Elizabeth 
Griffith (about 1720-1793, see ante). Early in life he made a fortune 
in trade in the East Indies, and settled at Millicent, Naas, county 
Klldare. In 1786 he was deputy -governor of the county, and from 
1783 to 1790 he represented Askheaton in the Irish Parliament. He 
proved himself a most useful member, and the Corporation of Dublin 
presented him with the freedom of the city in recognition of his 
spirited defence of their rights and privileges in Parliament. He was 
buried at Millicent. By his first wife he was the father of Sir 
Richard John Griffith, the geologist (1784-1878, see post). (Diet. 
Nat. Biog.) See Gent. Mag., 1797, vol. 2, p. 755 ; Notes and Queries, 
Ist series, vol. 1, p. 418. 

Griffith, Richard D., 1813-1856, a Wesleyan preacher and 
missionary, was born near Swansea, and was one of the first students 
of Hoxton College. He went out to the West Indies as missionary in 
1837, and was one of the translators of the Bible into the Tamil 
dialect. He suffered a good deal of persecution, and, owing to the 
state of his health, was compelled to return to England, where he died 
in 1856. {Eiiwog. G.) 

Griffith, Sir Richard John, Bart., 1784-1878, a geologist, was 

born in Dublin. He was of Welsh dt-scent, and a grandson of Elizalieth 
Griffith (about 1720-1793, see ante). In 1797 lie was placed at a school 
in Kildare, and for some time served in the army. In 1808 he became a 
member of the Royal Dublin Society, for which he made a survey of 
the Leinster coal district. When the Society, four years later, founded 
a professorship of geology and practical mining, Mr. Griffith was 
appointed to it. In 1824, a general valuation and ordnance survey of 
Ireland having been directed by Government, his recommendation of a 
scale of six inches to the mile was adopted, and he was appointed to 
carry out, as a prelude, a territorial or boundary survey of the country. 
This work was completed in 1846. The accuracy of " Griffith's Valua- 
tion " has l)een much discussed, but it is still used for purposes of 
taxation, and indirectly for the fixing of fair rents under the Irish 
Land Acts. From the year 1812 Mr. Griffith had been engaged in 
geological investigations, and his labours finally resulted in his great 
geological map of Irt-land, on a scale of four miles to an inch. In 1854 
the late Prof. Forbes, on belialf of the Geological Society of London, 
presented him with tiie Woolaston paladium medal, and described his 
map as " one of the most remarkable geological maps ever produced by 
a single geologist." He was LL.D., F.G.S., and F.R.S. {Imp. Diet. 
Biog. ; Harmsuorth.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Dublin Univ. Mag., 
May, 1874 ; R. Barry O'Brien's Irish Land Question ; Quarterly 


Journal of the Geological Societi/, 187'J ; Nature, vol. 18 ; The Irish 
Times, 24:th September, 1878 ; The Times, 27th September, 1878. 

Griffith, Robert William, 1S35-1S94, a Congregational 
minister, of Bethel, Carnarvonshire, was liorn there on the 10th 
January, 1835. He was a son of the Rev. David Griffith (1792-1873, 
see ante), for upwards of fifty years an honoured minister in the 
Principality. Educated at the Collegiate Institute, Liverpool, and by 
the Rev. Isaac Harries, of Mold, he was at first intended for the 
occupation of a farmer, but his bent was to active service in the church. 
He and his brother David, became local preachers, and up >n the 
resignation of their aged father, they were invited to succeed him as 
co-pastors. The arrangement gave every satisfaction ; subsequently, 
David accepted a call to Dolgelly, and the subject of this sketch became 
Bole pastor, and continued so to the end of his life. His was a life of 
blameless reputation and abounding usefulness. As secretary of the 
North Carnarvonshire Association for more than twenty years, he 
became a pillar of Nonconformity in the district. He was one of the 
editors of " Y Dj-ddiadur," the Welsh Congregational Diary. 
{Congreg. Year Book, 1896.) 

Griffith, Thomas, 1680-1743, an actor, descended from an 
ancient family in Wales, was born in Dublin. He was apprenticed to 
a mathematical instrument maker, but a lively, spirited genius made 
him cast his thoughts towards the theatre. His talent led hina to 
comedy of the merry cast, in which he gave great pleasure. He was 
afterwards employed in the Revenue. Chetwood describes him, not 
only as a good actor, but a pleasing poet. {The Red Dragon). 

Griffith, Walter, 1727-1779, a distinguished naval officer, was 
the second surviving son of Walter Griffith, Esq., of Brongain, in the 
parish of Llanfechain, Montgomeryshire, and was born at Caerhun, in 
Carnarvonshire. He was educated at the Oswestry Grammar School, 
and, at the age of 16, entered the Navy, under the auspices of his 
relation. Commodore Trevor. In 1759 he was appointed captain of 
the "Gibraltar," and in 1771 he was ordered to America, where he 
distinguished himself in many important expeditions. When Rear- 
Admiral Parker became commander-in-chief on the West India 
station. Captain Gritfith succeeded him in the " Conqueror," but he 
was soon afterwards killed in an action with the French squadron, in 
Port Royal Bay. His courage was of the brightest kind, and evinced 
itself in every action of his professional life. His remains were 
interred at St. Lucia, ^here a small pedestal denotes the spot. (Diet. 
Em. W. ; Mont. Worthies.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Charnock's Biog. 
Nav., vol. 6, p. 365 ; Lives of Illustrious Seamen, 1803. 

Griffith, William, 1832- , "Gwilym Caledffrwd," was 

born in the parish of Llandegai, near Bangor, and early displayed 
a taste for music. In 1860 he emigrated to America, and settled in 
Middle Granville, where he soon acquired a reputation as a musician. 
He composed a number of anthems, choruses, songs, and hymn 
tunes, many of which were prize compositions. ( B. Cerddorion 


Griffiths, Ann, 1776-1805, the celebrated hymn writer, was 
born at Dohvar Fechan, near Llanfyllin, Montgomeryshire. As a 
young woman, she was full of gay spirits, and used to speak very 
flippantly of religion, but when 21 years of age she joined the 
Calvinistic Methodists, and became a strong and shining influence for 
many miles around. She died when 2'.» years of age, after a married 
life of about ten months only. Her liymns, so far as they have 
reached us, do not exceed 70 or 80 verses, and a noteworthy fact in 
connection with them is tlieir preservation. The authoress did not 
commit them to writing, but recited them, as they were composed, to 
a servant in her father's house, named Ruth, who possessed a remark- 
able memory. The two would then sing them over time after time, 
and after the death of Ann Griffiths, Ruth used to repeat the verses to 
her husband. He saw their worth, and wrote them down from her 
dictation. They were first published in 1806, with an introduction 
by the Rev. Thomas Charles. Ann Griffiths was buried at Llanfyllin, 
where, in 190.5, on the centenary of her death, a monument was 
erected to her memory. (Sweet Singers of Wales.) See Enwog. y 
Ffgdd, vol. 2, p. 436 ; Y Drysurfa, 1886, p. 12; her Biography (Welsh), 
by Morris Davies ; Hanes Hen. G. ; Oymru, vol. 26, p. 101 ; Ibid, 
vol. 3, p. 206 ; Y Traethodydd, 1846 ; Metlwdistiaeth Gymru, vol. 2, 
p. 416 ; G. B. ; Y Geninen, Mar. 11)02, p. :>2 . Ibid, 1903, p. 23.5 ; 
Gymru, vol. 30, p. 13 et seq. ; Ibid, vol. 29, p. 157 ; Gyfres y Fil 
(0. M. Edwards). 

Griffiths, Daniel, 1807-1898, a Congregational minister and 
author, was the son of the Rev. Daniel Griffiths, a Welsh Noncon- 
formist minister, of Long Buckby, Northamptonshire. Before entering 
college, he had the advantage of a good business training, being 
apprenticed to an engraver in London. He received his ministerial 
education at Wymondley, where Dr. Thomas Morell was then principal. 
In 1832 he sailed for America, and spent two years in the Settlements 
of Ohio. On his return he published a little volume containing his 
impressions and observations on the land and the people, especially of 
the religion of the settlers. For some time he nobly did the work of 
an evangelist among the men who were constructing the railway from 
Chester to London. In 1838 he became pastor of the united churches 
of Cannock and Brownhills, in Staffordshire. He contributed a good 
deal of poetry to the local press. (Congreg. Year Book, 1899.) 

Griffiths, David, 1792-1863, a missionary and author, was born at 
Llanmoilwcli, in the parish of Llangattock, Carmarthenshire. He joined 
the Congregationalists at Gwynfe, near Llangattock, in 1810, and soon 
afterwards began to preach. He spent some time at Wrexham College, 
and afterwards at the Gosport Missionary College. In 1820, he sailed 
as missionary to Madagascar, but had to return, owing to ill-health, in 
1836. He was a prolific writer, his principal works being a Welsh 
history of Madagascar ; a History of the Martyrs of Madagascar, in 
English ; and a Grammar, a Catechism, a Hymn-book, and several 
tracts, all in Malagasy. He also translated into the same language 
"The Anxious Inquirer," "The Friend of Sinners," "Come to Jesus," 


and other religioua pamphlets. He prepared revised editions of " The 
Pilgrim's Progress," and of the Bible, in the Malagasy language, and 
at the time of his death had just completed a Malagasy Dictionary. 
He could preach in three languages, and was well versed in Greek, 
Latin, Hebrew, French, and Aral)ic. {(j.B.) See F Brython, vol. .5, 
p. 375; Baripr ac Amserau Cymru, April l.'ith and 20th, ]86;5; 
Congreg. Year Book, 1864 ; Enivag. C. ; Kees' and Thomas' Eglwysi 
Annibynol Cymru, vol. 4, p. 359. 

Griffiths, Evan, 1778-1839, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born at Rhosfawr, Meifod, in Montgomeryshire. He began to 
preach in his twenty-fourth year, and soon became one of the leading 
men in the connexion. He was one of the eight lay preachers selected 
by the denomination, in 1811, to administer the Sacraments. His 
biography was written by the Rev. John Hughes, Pontrobert. His 
brother, Thomas Griffiths, was the husband of Ann Griffiths, the 
celebrated hymn-writer. {Enwog. G.) 

Griffiths, Evan, 1795-1873, a Congregational minister and 
author, was Ijorn at Gellibeblig, in the parish of Bettws, near Bridgend, 
Glamorganshire. When he was 21 years of age, his pastor, the Rev. 
W. Jones, of Bridgend, encouraged him to commence preaching. Mr. 
Jones then kept a day school, and Mr. Griffiths spent about a year 
under his instruction, afterwards proceeding to Newport, Mon. He 
was ordained in 1824, and for four years laboured at Park Mill and 
Pilton Green, Gower. Having been engaged by a printer at Swansea 
to translate " Matthew Henry's Commentary," he took up his residence 
in that town. The printer failed after publishing a few numbers, and 
Mr. Griffiths purchased the business, and devoted himself chiefly to 
literary work. After completing the translation of the Commentary, 
he published a convenient Welsh-English Dictionary ; a collection of 
Welsh Hymns (1855) ; a translation of Burder's " Oriental Customs " 
(1837) ; and of Doddiidge's " Rise and Progress " ; Brooks' " Mute 
Christian " (1830) ; James' " Church Member's Guide " ; Finney's 
"Lectures on Revivals of Religion," and Finney's "Sermons" (1841). 
He also published from 20 to 30 smaller works, chiefly original, among 
them being an admirable compendium of the Ecclesiastical History of 
England and Wales for the last three centuries, in the catechetical form. 
(Ccyngreg. Year Book, 1874 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Rees and 
Thomas' Eglwysi Annibynol Cymi-u, vol. 4 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; 
Handbook to Swansea. 

Griffiths, George, 1818-1888, a clergyman, was educated at St. 
David's College, Lampeter, and graduated B.D. there in 1855. He was 
ordained deacon in 1841, and priest in the following year. He was 
perpetual curate of Penrhyndeudraeth ; rector of Machynlleth in 
1862-88; honorary canon of Bangor Cathedral, 1872-88; canon 
residentiary of Bangor Cathedi-al, 1886-88. He was a distinguished 
preacher in English and Welsh. {Recollections, tfc-c.) See Y Geninen, 
1893, p. 29. 

Griffiths, Griffith, -1845, a clergyman, was a native of 

Llanfihangel-geneu'r-Glyn, Cardiganshire. He was ordained by the 


Bishop of London, and went out as a missionary to the West Indies. 
He reached Jamaica in 1825, and proved himself to be one of the most 
active and successful workers in the mission field. {Enivog. C.) 

Griffiths, John, 1731-1811, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born at Castellgarw, Llanglydwen, Carmarthenshire, and 
was pastor at Glandwr, in that county, for over 50 years. He also 
conducted a very successful school, and many of his pupils became 
eniinent as clergymen, preachers, and professional men. He was the 
founder of what are known in Pembrokeshire as " expository classes." 
He studied medicine for the benefit of his people, and rendered 
excellent service by giving medical advice gratuitously. He translated 
a number of English hymns into Welsh, and published two editions 
of the " Shorter Catechism " in Welsh, and a revised edition of 
Matthias Maurice's translation of Dr. John Owen's " Guide to Public 
Worship." He also translated a work on *' Domestic Worship," 
published in ITIU, and wrote an elegy on Morris Griffith, Trefgarn. 
(Diet. Nat. Biog.) See O. B.; Enivug. C; Hemes Eglwysi Ati7iibynol, 
vol. 3, p. 50. 

Griffiths, John, 1752-1818, a Congregational minister, was born 
near Pencadair, Carmarthenshiie. He was ordained a minister in 
1780, and, two years later, settled at Carnarvon. In 1784, he removed 
to Monmouthshire, but, in pursuance of an urgent call, he returned to 
Carnarvon in 17'.17, and remained there till his death in 1818. He 
was a popular preacher, and was the means of establishing several 
churches in the Carnarvon district. He translated one of Dr. 
Doddridge's works, and also published a collection of hymns for the 
use of his own denomination. (Etiwog. C.) 

Griffiths, John, 1818-1866, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born at Bontnewydd, near Carnarvon, and began to preach in 
1840. The greater part of his ministerial life was spent at Dolgelley 
and Bethesda. He was a powerful preacher, and very successful as a 
pastor. He wrote a good deal of poetry, specimens of which appear 
in Y Drysorfa for May, 1866. {Enwog. G.) 

Griffiths, John, 1819-1897, a clergyman, was born at Park-y- 
Neuadd, Aberaeron, South Wales. When 13 years of age he was sent 
to the Cardigan Grammar School, where he remained four years. He 
subsequently entered St. David's College, Lampeter, where he had a 
distinguished career. At the end of his college training he accepted 
the headmastership of the Cardigan Grammar School He held that 
post for four years, and was the means of raising the school to a state 
of remarkable etliciency. He was ordained deacon in 1843, his first 
curacy being that of Aberystruth, Monmouthshire, removing later to 
Nantyglo, in the same county. He was subsequently preferred to the 
rectory of Llansanuor, Glamoi'ganshire, and from 1855 to the time of 
his death he was rector of Neath, being afterwards appointed arch- 
deacon. For 40 years he lent his powerful aid to the movement in 
favour of Welsh higher education, and gave his services with unstinted 
devotion to the efforts on behalf of the University Colleges at Aber- 
ystwyth and Cardiff. He was an ardent Eisteddfodwr, and for many 


years his venerable form lent a charm ami solemnity to the ritual of 
the Gorsedd. (The Cambrian, 1897, p. 479.) See Y Geninen, March, 
1897, p. 29 ; Ibid., Mch. 1899, p. 50; Ibid., 1898, p. 233, and Mch., 
p. 36 ; Bye-Go)ies, 1897, p. 196 ; Y Geninen, 1902, p. 39. 

Griffiths, John Thomas, 1825-1895, a mining engineer, was 
the son of Thomas and Dorothy GrilHths, of Brynengan, in the parish 
of Llanystumdwy, Carnarvonshire. His parents emigrated to America, 
■with their children, in 1831, and after remaining a year in New York, 
they removed to Pottsville, Pennsylvania. In 1862 J. T. Griffiths 
removed to Wilkesbarre, in the same state, wliere he made his home. 
He secured a post as mine foreman under the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre 
Coal and Iron Co., and, by reason of his sagacity, experience, and 
careful management, he was soon promoted to be general inside 
superintendent of all their mines. He occujiied that position for 
fourteen years, and became one of the most prominent men in 
mining circles in the Wyoming Valley. He took great delight in 
hymnology and sacred nmsic, and composed a number of hymns to 
his favourite tunes, which evinced deep religious feeling and a 
relined poetic taste. {The Cambrian, 1895, p. 257.) 

Griffiths, Morris, -1805, a Baptist minister and hymn 

writer, was a native of Llangybi, Carnarvonshire. He found emjjloy- 
ment in Anglesey as a farm labourer, and, having attached himself to 
the Calvinistic Methodists, began to preach. He afterwards removed 
to South Wales, and joined the Baptists, by whom he was ordained. 
For some years prior to his death he was pastor of the Baptist cause 
at Pendergast. In 1770 he published a collection of his own hymns, 
which he called " Defnyddiol Hymnau i Breswylwyr y Llwch." 
(Hanes Emynwyr.) See Llyfrydd.y Cymry, Hanes Lien. G.\ Revue 
Celtique, vol. 1, p. 378. 

Griffiths, Ralph, 1720-1803, founder, proprietor and publisher 
of the Monthly Review, born in Shropshire, was of Welsh origin. He 
began life as a watchmaker, at Stone, in Staffordshire, but removed to 
London, and entered the service of Jacob Robinson. He subsequently 
kept a bookseller's shop in St. Paul's Churchyard, and here, in 1749, 
he produced the first number of the Monthly Review. For some time 
the undertaking did not meet with much success, but latter on its 
circulation rapidly increased, and at one period its profits were stated 
to amount to £2.000 a year. Nichols describes Griffiths, as " a steady 
advocate of literature, a firm friend, fond of domestic life, and posses- 
sing great social gifts." {Literary Anecdotes, v. 3, p. 507). As a 
companion, "he was free-hearted, lively, and intelligent, abounding 
beyond most men in literary history and anecdote." (W. Butler, 
Exe7-c-ises, 1811, p. 346). He received the degree of LL. D. from the 
university of Philadelphia. His portrait is given in the European 
Magazine, for January, 1804. (Diet. Nat. Biug.) See C. Knight's 
Shadows of the Old Booksellers, 1865, pp. 184-8 ; Essays and Criti- 
cisms, by T. G. Wainwright, ed. W. C. Hazlitt, 1880 ; Timperley's 
Encydopcedia, 1842, p. 677 ; Notes and Queries, 2nd ser., v. 2, pp. 


351, 377, 458, Gth ser., v. 1, p. 509, v. 2, p.p. 208, 275 ; Nichols- 
Illustr., V. 7, p. 24'.t ; Lit. Anecd., v. 3, p. 506, v. 8, p. 452, v. 9, p. 665 ; 
T. Faulkner's Hist, and Antiq. of Brentford, Ealing, and Chiswick, 
1845, pp. 329, 466. 

Griffiths, Robert, 1805-1883, inventor, was born at Lleweny 
Farm, in tlie Vale of Clwyd. He shewed an early inclination for 
mechanical pursuits, and was, on his own choice, apprenticed to 
carpentry. He afterwards served as pattern maker in an engine works 
in Birmingham, whe:e he became foreman. In 1835, he invented a 
rivet machine, and other patents soon followed. In 1849, he took out 
a patent for an amended method of screw propulsion, wliich was 
largely adopted in the navy. He read a number of valuable papers 
before the Society of Naval Architects, and at the Royal United Service 
Institution, chiefly relating to his own original experiments. (Diet. 
Nat. Bioy.) See Memoir in Engineering, 29th June, 1883. 

Griffiths, Samuel, 1783-1860, a Congregational minister, was a 
native of Clydai, Pemljrokeshire, and for years followed the occupation 
of a stone mason. He studied hard, and became a very good scholar, 
developing a remarkable talent for matliematics. He was ordained in 
1818, and became one of the most useful ministers of the connexion. 
He published several able pamphlets on religious subjects. His 
biography was written by Dr. E. Pan Jones, in 1879. {Enwog. C.) 

Griffiths, Thomas, 1784-1838, a Congregational minister, was a 
native of Trefdraeth, Pembrokeshire, but spent most of his life in 
Cardiganshire. He was a most popular preacher, but his chief work 
was in connection with the Sunday School, and in that department he 
probably did more than any of his contemporaries. {Enwog. C.) 

Griffiths, Thomas Jeremy, 1797-1871, "Tau Gimel," a 
Unitarian minister and author, was the son of the Rev. Griffith 
GrifBths (1760-1818), of Llechryd, Cardiganshire. He was educated 
by his father and by the Rev. David Davies, Castle Howel, and served 
in the ministry at Ciliau, Cribin, and Alltplaca. He spent about five 
years in the United States (1841-6). He wrote a Welsh " Biography of 
David Davies, Castell Hywel " (Carmarthen : J. Evans, 1828) ; com- 
piled a hymn book (1828), in which tl: -re are 29 of his own hymns ; 
and published one number only of a small periodical called " Yr 
Hanesydd : Llawer mewn ychydig"(The Historian: Much in little), 
1839, of which there is a copy in the Cardiff Free Library. His 
memoir (with portrait), from the pen of Mr. David Thomas (Dewi 
Hefin), appears in " Yr Ymofynydd," 1895, p. 25. His son, Thomas 
Griiliths, M.D., who, during tho American Civil War, joined Slierman 
in his wonderful mai-ch, was physician to the U.S. Marine Hospital, 
Louisville, and died in 1884, aged 58, leaving a son, W. Mandeville 
Griffiths, M.D. {The Unitarian Students at tJie Presbyterian College, 
Carmarthen, Rev. R. Jenkin Jones, M.A., 1901, p. 22 ; Yr Ymofynydd, 
1871, p. 22.) 

Griffiths, William, 1777-1825, a Congregational minister and 
hymn-writer, was a native of Glandwr, Pembrokeshire, where his 
father was minister. He was educated at Wrexham, and afterwards 


Bucceeded his father in the pastorate of Glandwr. He wrote a number 
of excellent hj-mns, which appeared in the collection known as 
" Dyfroedd Cysur." The best known are : — " lesu, cyfaill pechadur- 
iaid ; " " Cod, fy enaid, cais yn awr," and " Dan dy fendith wrth 
ymadael." He also translated several favourite Welsh hymns into 
English, a work in which he greatly excelled. Several of these 
appeared in The Evangelical Magazine, such as " Fix, Lord, Thy 
tent in Goshen ; " " Great Redeemer, friend of sinners ; " " Will not 
any old companion," and " ! what folly ! ! what madness." 
{Hanes Emynivy?:) 

Griffiths, William Alonzo, 1813-189.3, a Congregational 
minister and hymnologist, was a native of Glamorganshire. He was 
educated at Carmarthen Presbyterian College, which he left in 1866 
to take charge of the church at Abersychan, Monmouthshire. In 1870 
he removed to Oaklands, Shepherd's Bush, London, in 1874 to 
Narberth, Pembrokeshire, and in 1876 to Sketty, Swansea, where he 
died. He published a volume of " Discourses," which had a large 
sale, and he also wrote a book on Welsh Hymnology, entitled 
" Hanes Emynwyr Cymreig." This work, which deals exhaustively 
and critically with Welsh hymns and hymnologists, attracted much 
attention. He was a man of considerable pulpit power. (Congreg. 
Year Book, 1895). 

Gronow, Rees Howell, 1794-1865, a soldier, was the eldest 
son fif William Gronow, of Swansea, and was educated at Eton. In 
1812 he entered the Army as an ensign in the 1st Regiment of Foot 
Guards, and fought with them at Waterloo, for which he received the 
coveted Waterloo medal, and was promoted to the rank of captain. 
He entered Parliament in 1832 as member for Stafford, but was 
unseated on petition. In 1862 appeared the first of his literary works, 
his "Reminiscences," and the following year his "Recollections and 
Anecdotes." These were followed by ' Celebrities of London and 
Paris," and " Last Recollections." {Old Wales, v. 1, p. 24.) 

Grove, Sir William Robert, 1811-1896, a man of science, 
and judge, only son of John Grove, magistrate for Glamorganshire, 
was boin at Swansea. He was educated under private tutors and at 
Oxford, and was called to the Bar in 183.^. His professional course 
was retarded by ill-health, and the respite thus gained enabled him to 
follow his natural bent towards scientific investigation. He proved a 
very active member of the Royal Society, and his contributions to its 
''Transactions" were numerous and valuable. In 1839 he invented 
the nitric acid battery, which is commonly known by his name ; and 
in the same year he effected the recomposition of water by means of 
the voltaic current produced by its decomposition. His essay on the 
" Correlation of Physical Forces " contains a masterly elucidation of 
the modern dynanno theory, and won for its author a European 
reputation. His health having improved, he took silk in 1853, and 
for some years had a lead on the South Wales and Chester circuits. 
He was appointed a Judge of Common Pleas in 1871, and was 
transferred to the Queen's Division in 1880. He retired from the 
Bench in 1887, and returned to his scientific studies with unabated 


zest. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Men of the Time, 1884 ; Men and 
Women of the Tims, 1891 ; Times, :5i-d August, 189(5 ; Athenwiim, 
Sth August, 1896 ; Pump Court, May, 1885 ; Nature, 27th August, 
1896 ; Law Times, 8th August, 1896 ; Solicitors' Journal, same date ; 
Imp. Dirt. Biog. 

Gruffydd, Thomas, 1815-1887, harpist, was born in Llan- 
gunider, Breconshire. When three years of age he lost one eye 
through falling on a hatchet, and, when a schnolboy, almost lost the 
other by a blow. He was i already musical, and after tliese accidents, 
devoted all his energies to music and to harp-playing. He had also a 
good voice, and sang well. In 184.'^ he was invited to play Welsh 
airs before the Queen and Psince Albert. He won numerous prizes 
for harp-playing at eisteddfodau, and was for many years recognised 
as the greatest Welsh harpist of the day. ( F Geninen, 1888, p. 189.) 

Gruffydd, Rhisiart, see Roberts, Richard. 

Guest, Sir Josiah John, 1785-1852, a distinguished promoter 
of iron manufacture, was born at Dowlais, Glamorganshire. He 
was the son of Thomas Guest, one of the proprietors of the Dowlais 
Ironworks, and the grandson of John Guest, founder of those works, 
by whom, and by his partner Wilkinson, the smelting of iron-ore 
with coal was first introduced into South Wales. He passed his 
youth in assisting in the direction of the iron-works of his father's 
firm. In 1815 he became sole manager, and by his extraordinary 
skill, both scientific and practical, as well as by his enterprise and 
energy, he greatly increased the productiveness of the works. In 
1826 he was elected member of Parliament for Honiton, and in 1832 
first M.P. for Merthyr Tydfil. In 18.'i8 he was created a baronet. He 
was noted for his benevolence, and for his solicitude for the comfort, 
education, and moral improvement of his workmen and their families. 
His second wife, Lady Charlotte Guet-t (1812-1895), who was the only 
daughter of the ninth Karl of Lindsay, took considerable interest in 
Welsh literature, and published a translation of the " Mabinogion," 
in three volumes (1838-49). {Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Welsh Ode on 
his Death, by Thomas Essile David (Dewi Wyn o Essyllt), 1857 ; 
A Sermon . . . upon the . . . Death of Sir J. J. Guest, by 
E. Jenkins, 1853 ; Burke's Peerage, 1882. 

Gurnos, see Jones, Evan Gurnos. 

Gutyn Padarn, see Edwards, Griffith. 

Gutyn Peris, see Williams, Griffith. 

Gwalchmai, see Parry, Richard. 

Gwalchmai, Humphrey, 1788-1847, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister, was born at Llanwyddelan, Montgomeryshire. He liegan 
preaching when lie was about 17 years old. In 1813, he settled at 
Llanidloes, where he remained for nearly 30 years. In 1819, he was 
ordained to the full work of the ministry. He was one of the eai-liest, 
ablest, and most ardent apostles of the temperance and total abstinence 
reform in Wales, and a zealous promoter of Sunday Schools. With a 
view of promoting these movements, he, in 1836, started at Llanidloes, 


a monthly periodical, called Tr Athraw (The Teacher), which he ably 
conducteil for seven years, but it did not prove a success financially. 
He also published several sermons and small tracts in Welsh. {Mont. 
Worthies.) See Cymru, v. 31, pp. 119 and 213. 

Gwallter Mechain, see Davies, Walter. 

G'weirydd ap Rhys, see Prj^se, Robert John. 

Gwenffrwd, see Jones, Thomas Lloyd. 

Gwilym ab lorwerth, see Williams, William. 

Gwilym Caledfryn, see Williams, William. 

Gwilym Caledffrwd, see Griffith, William. 

Gwilym Cawrdaf, see Jones, William Ellis. 

Gw^ilym Cow^lyd, see Roberts, William John. 

Gwilym CyfeilOg, see Williams, William. 

Gwilym Ddu Glan Hafren, see Owen, William. 

Gw^ilym Ddu o Arfon, see Williams, William. 

Gwilym Gwenffrwd, see Thomas, William J. 

Gw^ilym Gwent, see Williams, William Aubrey. 

Gwilym Hiraethog, see Rees, William. 

GNvilym Lleyn, see Rowlands, William. 

Gw^ilym Maries, see Thomas, William. 

Gw^ilym Morganwg, see Williams, Thomas. 

Gwilym Pant Taf, see Parry, William. 

Gwilym Pennant, see Powell, William. 

Gwinett, Button, 1732-1778, a native of Wales, was a delegate 
from Georifia, U. S. America, to the Continental Congress. He was 
well educated, and entered into mercantile pursuits in Charleston, 
from whence he removed to Georgia, where he had purchased a large 
tract of land. He was one of the seventeen Welsh signatories to the 
Declaration of Independence, and afterwards assisted in framing the 
State Constitution of Georgia, and was President of the State — an office 
at that time equivalent to Governor. He fell, at the age of 46, in a 
duel which he fought with General Mcintosh, of that State. {Wales 
and its People.) See Lippincolt ; Goodrich's Lives of the Signers to 
the Declaration of Independence ; Y Brython, v. 5, p. 15tJ ; Wales, 
v. 1, p. 282 ; Ibid, V. 3, p. 18. 

Gwrgant, see Jones, William. 

Gwyn, Sir Rowland, about 1710, was a native of Radnor- 
shire, his seat being at Llanelwedd. In 1678, he became knight of the 
shire for his native county, and sat during that and the succeeding 
Parliament, until 168."). He was knighted in 1680, but on the accession 
of James II. he retired for a while into private life. He was a zealous 
adherent of the Protestant Secession, and so exerted himself on behalf 
of William of Orange that, on the Prince's acceptance of the throne, in 
1689, he re-entered Parliament for Radnorshire, and accepted the post 


of Treasurer of His Majesty's Chamber. In 1690 he was elected 
member for Breconshire, for which he sat till 1702, when he finally 
retired from politics. {The Red Dragon.) 

Gwyndaf Eryri, see Jones, Richard. 

Gwyneddon, see Davies, John. 

Gwynfryn, see Jones, Dorothea. 

G-wynionydd, see Williams, Benjamin. 

Gwynn, Francis, 1648-1734, politician, was the son and heir 
of Edward Gwynn, of Llansannor, Glamorganshire. He was trained 
for the profession of the law, but being possessed of ample means he 
soon shewed a preference for politics. At a bye-election in 1673, he 
was returned for Chippenham, and in 1685 he was elected for Cardiff. 
He filled several public otlices. At one time he served as a 
commissioner of public accounts, and afterwai-ds was a commissioner 
of the Board of Trade, and subsequently Secretary of War. {Diet. Nat. 

Gwynne, Francis Edward, -1821, a soldier, was the 

son of R. Gwynne, of Middleton Hall, Llanarthney, Carmarthenshire. 
He was a courtier for over 30 years, and was one of the equerries to 
George III. from 1788 until the King's death in 1820, being attached 
to what was called the Windsor establishment from March 1812 to 
1820, during the regency. He was a cavalry officer for many years, 
and became major of the 16th Light Dragoons in 1775. He served 
with that regiment in the American War of Independence from that 
year until promoted to be lieutenant-colonel of the 20th Light Dragoons 
in 1779. He afterwards became colonel of the 2.5th Light Dragoons, 
and this regiment he commanded until it was disbanded in 1820. He 
was made an A.D.C. to the King, with the rank of colonel in the 
Army, in 1787, major-general in 1793, lieutenant-general in 1799, and 
general in 1808. He served on the staff at headquarters as inspector- 
general of the Recruiting Service ; in 1808 was made lieutenant- 
governor of the Isle of Wight, but quitted this post on being made 
governor of Sheerness in 1812. He retained the latter appointment 
until his death on 13th January, 1821. {Old Wales, vol. 1, p. 350, 
Dnd., v. 3, p. 62). 

Gwynne, Marmaduke, 1642-1712, a lawyer, was the son 
and heir of Rice Gwynne, of Garth, Breconshire. He married the 
daughter of Peter Gwilym, of Glascwm, Radnorshire, who brought 
him a fortune of £20,000, with which, and the profits of his 
profession, he purchased the greater part of the hundred and manor 
of Builtli. He was second justice of Anglesey, Carnarvon, and 
Merioneth, from 1702 to 1706, when lie was removed from office, and 
died two years later. He is said to have been " like Lord Bacon, not 
proof against corruption." (Jones' Brecknockshire ; Tlie Welsh 

Hafrenydd, see Williams, Thomas. 

Halford, Sir Henry, Bart., 1766-1844, a distinguished 
physician, was a son of Dr. James Vaughan, a Welshman, who 

Rkv iHi.wEi.i. H.' 

Tm; Vi;in- Kf.v. Dian I1(i\vki„ I!,D 


practised as a physician at Leicester, and a brother of Sir John 
Vaughan (1769-1830, see post). He was educated at Rugby, and 
afterwards at Christ Church, Oxford. Graduating in 1791, he 
continued his professional studies at Edinburgh. In 1794 he was 
elected a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and settled in 
London. In 1795 he married a daughter of Lord St. John of Bletsho. 
His manners were graceful and prepossessing, and his professional in- 
come rose to £10,(100 a year. In 1800 and again in 1835, he delivered 
the Harveian oration. In 1809 he succeeded to a large fortune on the 
death of his mother's cousin, and then took the name and arms of 
Halford, and received a baronetcy. He acted successively as physician 
to George III., George IV., William IV., and Queen Victoria ; and in 
1820 he was elected president of the Royal College of Physicians. 
In 1825 he took an active part in opening the new College of 
Physicians in Pall Mall East, and about the same period he wrote a 
number of essays on medical subjects, which were collected and 
published in 1831, and again in 1842. A number of Latin verses, 
which he had contributed to the Gentletnan's Magazine, were 
published in one volume in 1842. {Imp. Diet. Biog.) 

Hall, Benjamin, 1802-1867, Lord Llanover, was the eldest 
son of Benjamin Hall, M.P., of Hensol Castle, Glamorganshire, by his 
wife Charlotte, daughter of AVilliam Crawshay, of Cyfarthfa, in the 
same county. He represented the Mouinonth Boroughs in Parliament 
for some years, and afterwards sat for Marylebone until his elevation 
to the House of Lords. He took part frequently in the debates, and 
insisted on the right of the Welsh to have the services of the Church 
rendered in their own tongue. His political liberalism was of a very 
advanced kind, and his career was distinguished by his zealous 
advocacy of the abolition of Church rates. In 1838 he was made a 
baronet. In the coalition ministry of Lord Aberdeen he was appointed 
President of the Board of Health, and, in 1855, Chief Commissioner 
of Works. On Lord Palmerston's second accession to the Premiership 
he was created Baron Llanover. {Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) 
See Alumni Westmonasterienses. 1851, p. 441 ; Men of the Time, 1865, 
p. 528 ; Illustrated London Neirs, 4th May, 1867 ; Burke's Extinct 
Peerage, 1883, p. 257 ; (imt. Mag., 1867, pt. 1, p. 814 ; Foster's Alumni 
Oxon., vol. 2, p. 586 ; Brit. Mus. Cat. 

Hall, Richard, 1817-1866, a poet, was a native of Brecknock. 
He was an enthusiastic lover of Nature, and his quiet and unobtrusive 
thoughtfulness found vent in verse. He published a book of poems 
called " Tales of the Past, and other Poems." The pieces are 
descriptive of local scenery. He was buried in Llanspyddyd Church- 
yard. (Poole's Brecknoekshire.) 

Hamer, Daniel Jones, 1846 - 1886, a Congregational minister, 
was born in Lancashire. He was of Welsh descent, his mother being 
a daughter of the Rev. William Jones, ;i famous preacher and Bible 
expositor, and the first pastor of Maudsley Street Chapel, Bolton. He 
had the advantage of a good primary education, so that, when he 
entered the Lancashire Independent College in 1862, he won the 


Raffles' Scholarship of thirty pounds, tenable for two years, and went 
in for, and won, at the close of that time, one of the Sharrock Fellow- 
ships, tenable for the three remaining years of his college course. He 
afterwards took a musical degree at Cambridge University. In 1867 
he accepted a call to Richmond Chapel, Salford. After a ten years' 
ministry there, he was called to be the pastor of the large and 
influential church meeting in Queen Street Chapel, Wolverhampton. 
There his success was great, and he became a leader in the great 
movements of tlie age in which the men of the Midlands were deeply 
interested. In 1882 he undertook the charge of the church in Collins 
Street, Melbourne, and at once threw himself into the duties of his 
new sphere with ardent zeal. His stimulating, intellectual, and 
instructive ministry commanded the respect of his large congregation, 
{New South Wales Indepeiident ; Congreg. Year Book, 1887.) 

Hancock, John, 1737-1793, an American statesman, of Welsh 
descent, was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A., and giaduated at 
Harvard in 1751. He became a merchant of Boston, and heir to a 
large fortune. He was chosen a member of the House of Repre- 
Bentatives of Massachusetts in 1766, became a bold assertor of liberty, 
and was president of the Provincial Congress in 1774. In June of the 
following year Governor Gage offered a pardon to all the rebels except 
Samuel Adams (another Welshman, see ante) and John Hancock. In 
1775 he was elected president of the Continental Congress, and signed 
the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Having resigned his seat in 
Congress, owing to ill-health, in October, 1777, ho was elected governor 
of Massachusetts in 178(t. He was a very popular governor, and was 
annually re-elected, except for the years 1785 and 1786, till his death. 
His eloquence, his affable disposition, and his polished manners 
rendered him a general favourite. As a presiding officer he was 
dignified and very successful. He made a generous use of his fortune, 
and was a liberal benefactor to Harvard College. {^Welshmen as 
Factors, cLc, W. R. Evans ; Lipjnncott.) 

Hanmer, Sir John, 1809-1881, afterwards Lord Hanmer, poet 
and politician, was the son of Thomas Hanmer, ccilonel of the Royal 
Flint Militia, and was eighteenth in descent from Sir John de Hanmer, 
constable of Carnarvon Castle in the time of Edward I. He succeeded 
to the baronetcy in 1828, on the death of his grandfather. Sir Thomas 
Hanmer, Bart., and sat in Parliament for Shrewsbury 1832-37, for Hull 
from 1841-47, and for the Flint Boroughs from 1847 till 1872, when he 
was raised to the peerage. He supported Free Trade and religious 
liberty, and voted for the total repeal of the Corn Laws. He was 
elevated to the peerage l)y Mr. Gladstone in 1872. He died without 
issue, when the barony became extinct, but the baronetcy devolved 
upon his next brother, Wyndham Edward Hanmer. Another brother 
the Rev. Henry Hanmer, M.A., was rector of Grendon, Warwickshire. 
Lord Hanmer, who took a warm and generous interest in Flint, was an 
erudite scholar. His talent as a poet was recognised in a volume of 
"English Sonnets," collected by Samuel Waddington, in which some 
of his productions are included, side by side with those of Tennyson, 
Swinburne, &c. He published "Fra Cipolla and other poems" (London: 


Bradbury & Evans, 1829) ; " Sonnets " (same publishers, 1840) ; and 
" A Memorial of the Parish and Family of Hanmer in Flintshire " 
(London : C. Whittingham, 1877). {Bye-Gones, 1871, p. 171 ; Ibid, 
1881, p. 207; Cardiff' Catalog ite ; Xotices of Flint, pp. 209, 214, 219, 
22;3-4.) See Times, 11 & 12 Mar, 1881; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Burke's 
Diet, of t)ie Peerage and Baronetage. 

Hanmer, Sir Thomas, Bart., 1677-1746, a distinguished 

statesman, was born at Bettistield Park, Flintshire, and educated at 
Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford. He was noted for his 
graceful person, and, when about 21 years of age, married the Duchess 
of Grafton. He entered Parliament as one of the representatives of 
Suffolk, and soon became one of the most influential members. In 
1714 he was unanimously elected Speaker, and, after an active and 
distinguished career as head of the high church party, he retired from 
public life in 1727, afterwards devoting himself to literature. In 1744 
he published an elegant edition of Shakespeare in six volumes. In 
the preface to his own edition of Shakespeare, Dr. Johnson has 
praised the editorial sense, industry, and discernment of Hanmer, 
whose Latin epitaph he paraphrased in sonorous English verse. The 
correspondence of Sir Thomas Hanmer was published in 1838, with a 
well-written memoir of him by the editor. Sir Henry Bunbury. 
{Diet. Em. W. ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Biog. Brit, 1766, v. 6, pt. 2, 
lip. 222-4 ; Manning's Speakers of the House of Commons ; Burke's 
Peerage, &c., 1888, p. 644 ; Granger's Biog. Hist. (Noble, 1806), v. 2, 
pp. 171-3 ; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Notices of Flint, p. 152. 

Harding, Sir John Dorney, 1809- , was born at Rock- 

fielil, Monmouthshire, and having been for some time a private pupil 
under the celebrated Dr. Arnold, he proceeded to Oriel College, Oxford, 
to complete his education. He was second class in classics, 1820, and in 
1837 he became a D.C.L., and commenced to practice as an advocate at 
Doctors' Commons. In 1852, he was appointed Queen's Advocate 
General, and the honour of knighthood was conferred upon him. 
His "Essay on the Influence of Welsh Tradition upon European 
Literature," which secured a prize offered by the Abergavenny 
Cymreigyddion Society in 1838, was published in 1839 (London : 
Ibotson & Palmer). {Boixler Counties'' Worthies ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Harlech, Lord, see Ormsby-Gore, William George. 

Harraden, Richard, 1756-1838, artist and engraver, was born 
in London, but his family came from Flintshire, and originally bore 
the name of " Hawarden." He spent some time in Paris, but after- 
wards woi'ked as an artist in London, removing in 1798 to Cambridge. 
In 1803 he published " Costume of the various Orders in the University 
of Cambridge," a series of coloured lithographs with descriptive letter- 
press, and in 1811, in conjunction with his son, Richard Bankes Harraden 
(see post), a quarto volume, called " Cantabrigia Depicta," a series of 
engravings representing the most picturesque and interesting edifices 
in the University of Cambridge. He also published a number of 
smaller engravings of great merit. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Arch. 


Hist, of the University of Cambridge, by R. Willis and J. W. Clark, 
1886, V. 1. 

Harraden, Richard Bankes, 1778-1862, artist and engraver, 
son of Richard Harraden (see ante), made the drawings of Cambridge, 
for his father's work, and in 1830, puhlislied an oblong volume called 
" Illustrations of the University of Cambridge." He was a member of 
the Society of British Aj-tists. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Harri Myllin, see Rowlands, Henry. 

Harri Sion, see John, Harry. 

Harries, T. J., 18.56-1901, a self-made man, a native of 
Llandilo-Abercowin, Carmarthenshire, was of humble origin, and 
became apprenticed to a draper. At an early age he made his way to 
the metropolis, ultimately founding a large and prosperous business in 
Oxford Street, and amassing a consitlerable fortune. (C & D. Herald). 

Harries, Solomon, 1726-178.5, a preacher and hymn-writer, 
was a native of South Wales, and became pastor of a Nonconformist 
chapel in High Street, Aberdare, in 1751. In 1784, a year 
before his death, he was appointed headmaster of Carmarthen College. 
He wrote several hymns, and produced an excellent rendering into 
Welsh of Addison's well-known hymn, " The spacious firmament on 
high," beginning, " Yr holl ffurfafen faith uwchben." (Hanes 

Harris, David, 1747-18;i4, a musician, was a native of Llansant- 
ffraid, Radnorshire, where he lived until 1824, when he removed to 
Ty Mawr, Carno. Montgomeryshire, to reside with a married daughter, 
and there he died ten years later. He attained considerable eminence 
as a musician ; he was probably the best Welsh musician of his day. 
His anthem, " Par i mi %vyl3od dy ffyrdd," at once established his 
fame as a composer. Several of his hymn-tunes are included in 
" Caniadau Seion." He composed and sent in for competition at the 
Welshpool Eisteddfod, in 1824, a tune called "Babell." The prize 
was awarded to Mr. Roger Woodhouse, but competent musicians assert 
that Mr. Harris's composition is much more skilfnl and artistic. He 
was also well versed in Cambrian history and in the rules of Welsh 
poetry, and was an excellent antiquary. {B. Gerddurion Cymreig ; 
Mont. Worthies.) 

Harris, Evan, 1786-1861, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, was 
a native of Breconshire. He joined the church at Poutrhydybere, 
near Llanwrtyd, and there, in 1814, began to preach. He removed to 
Brecon in 1818, and was ordained at Llangeitho in 1826. In 18.'57 he 
settled at Dowlais, Glamorganshire, and, later on, at Merthyr Tydfil, 
where he ended his days. He was a most fluent and original preacher, 
and his quaint sayings and fiery delivery made him exceedingly 
popular and useful. {Enwog. C; Y Dry sor/a, 1H62.) 

Harris, George, 1722-1796, a civilian, was the son of John 
Harris, Bishop of Llandaff. He was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, 
graduated B.C.L. in 1745, and D.C.L. in 1750, and was in the same 
year admitted into the College of Advocates. He was appointed 


Commissarj- of Surrey in 1756, and also of Essex ami Herts in 177S, 
which offices he held until his death. He was also chancellor of the 
dioceses of Durham, Hereford, and LlandaH', and was one of the 
Court of Assistants selected by the Governors of the Charity for the 
Relief of the Poor Widows and Children of Clersymen. He left a 
large fortune, which he distributed amoiii,' public charities, bi qiieathinfj 
forty thousand pounds to St. George's Hospital, and fifteen thousand 
to the Westminster Lying-in Hosiiital. He published, in 17.')6, an 
admirable edition of Justinian's " Institutes," and a volume of 
" Observations upon the English language." (Did. Nat. liiog. ; Old 
WaleSy V. 1, p. 218 ; /w/a Diet. Biog.) 

Harris, George, 1794-18.59, Unitarian minister, born at Maid- 
stone, in Kent, was a son of Abraham Harris, Unitarian minister at 
Swansea. He was one of the originators of the Scottish Unitarian 
Association, formed in ISl.'J, and acted for three years as its secretary. 
He laboured in the ministry at Liverpool, Bolton, Glasgow, and 
elsewhere. He was constantly writing, lecturing, or preaching, and 
took a prominent part in political, educational, and social questions. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Harris, Griffith, about 1813- , a musician, was a native of 

South Wales, and spent the grenter part of his life in Carmarthen, 
where he took an active part in the improvement of Congregational 
singing. In 1849 he published a collection of about 260 hymn-tunes, 
under the title " Haleliwia," and, six years later, he brought out a 
second volume, called "Haleliwia Drachefn," containing over 200 
tunes. {B. Gerddorion Cyinreig.) 

Harris, Howell, 1714-1773, an eminent preacher, and the 
introducer of the tenets and discipline of the Methodists into Wales, 
was born at Trevecca, in the parish of Talgarth. Breconshire. He was 
placed in school at the age of 18, and afterwards proceeded to Oxford, 
where, however, he only remained one term. He was a great friend 
of Whitfield, and of .Jolin and Charles Wesley, and in 1736 he became 
an itinerant preacher, travelling much throughout the Principality, 
as well as in England. During these visits he encountered a storm of 
violent persecution from high and low ; the jottings in his diary 
indicate turbulent times, and the baptism of fire through which he 
passed. In \1'>'2 he estaljlished, partly at his own expense, a college 
at Trevecca, which flourished in a remarkable degree. In later years 
he withdrew from puldic life, and devoted his wh(de time to the work 
at and around his home at Trevecca. He was buried in Talgarth 
churchyard, in the presence of 20,000 people. Dr. Thomas Rees 
descrilies him as " the most successful preacher that ever ascended 
a platform or a pulpit in Wales," and adds that "he was an extra- 
ordinary instrument raised by Providence, at an extraordinary time, 
to accomplish an extraordinary work." He stands pre-eminent 
amongst the benefactors of his country ; religious activity in Wales 
began with him, and through his efforts the heart of the nation was 
roused to such a pitch of religious fervour that from then till now 
the Welsh have been known, so far as they are known at all, as a 


people of extreme religious enthusiasm. {Diet. Em. W. ; Rees 
History ; Life of Howell Hnrrin, by Hugh J. Hughes.) See his 
Autobiography, 1791; Morgan's Life and Times of Howell Harris; 
Y Traethodytld, I'.tOJ, p. IS'.) et seq. ; Ibid, 1900, p. 20'.l ; Giimru, v. 1, 
p. 117 ; }' Traethodi/dd, lS:>i ; Cymru, v. 22, p. 176 : Wales, v. 1, p. 28 
et seq. ; Sunday Schools, <tc., p. 133 et seq. ; Meth. Cymru \ Life and 
I'imis of Seliiia, Countess of Hanti7igdon ; Cam. Reg., v. 3, p. 182 ; 
Malkiii's South Wales ; Jones' Breconshire ; Historical Handbook. 

Harris, John, 1802-18r)(), a Congregational minister and author, 
was born in the village of Ugborough, Devon, of Welsh parents. He 
was educated at Hogston College, and in 182") settled as pastor at 
Epsom, where he remained for 12 years. In 1838 he became theological 
professor at Cheshunt College, and later on was appointed principal of 
the New College, London. He received the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity from Brown University in 1838. He was well-known by 
his literary productions, being part editor of the Biblical Review, and 
■ contributing largely to the Congregational and Evangelical magazines. 
His chief works are : — " The Great Teacher ; " " Mammon ; " " The 
Great CommisFion ;" "Britannia;" " Christian Union ; " "Pre- Adamite 
Earth:" " Man Primeval," and " Patriarchy." (G.B. ; Congreg. Year 
Book, 18.57.) 

Harris, John P., 1820-1898, "leuan Ddu," a Baptist minister 
and poet, the youngest son of the Rev. James Harris, was born in 
Wales, and began to preach at an early age. Soon afterwards, he left 
for America, and was ordained at Utica in 184'). In the following 
year he accepted a call to the pastorate of the Welsh Baptist cause at 
Minersville, Pennsylvania, where he laboured with phenomenal success 
for 1.') years. In 1858 — a great revival year — over three hundred 
converts were added to his church. At the time of his death, he held 
the pastorate of the English cause at Nanticoke, Pennsylvania. He 
was an excellent preacher, and always exceedingl}' practical. As a 
poet, he had tew equals among his countrymen in America, and it is 
difficult to recall a single poet among his contemporaries whose poetic 
compositions equal in volume, or surpass in (juality, those of " leuan 
Ddu." He was much in demand, and rendered service of the highest 
character as an Eisteddfod adjudicator. His works in prose and 
poetry, if compiled, would make a large volume. He pultlished 
excellent dramas founded on the Scriptural stories of " Joseph and his 
Brethren ; " " Ruth and Naomi," and " The Wise Men of the East." 
When these dianias were first produced in America, they were 
immediately popular, and their influence for good cannot well be 
over-estimated. (The Cambrian, 1899, p. 136.) 

Harris, John Ryland, 1802 - 1823, " leuan Ddu," a very 
promising poet, prose writer, and musician, was the son of the Rev. 
Joseph Harris (G<imer), and was born at Swansea. When ten years of 
age, he persuaded liis jiarents to allow him to be apprenticed to a 
printer, and before he was 11, he had printed two books. He after- 
wards went to a high-class school, where he made wonderful progress. 
He was a constant contributor to the English and Welsh magazines. 


He began to translate Milton's " Paradise Regained " into Welsh verse, 
and the work was very highly spoken of. His last production (which 
he also set in type), was a book entitled, " Grisiau Cerdd Arwest," a 
handbook of instruction in music, which met with a leady sale. This 
promising young Welshmen fell a victim to consumption at the early 
age of 21. (Enwog. C.) See Seven Gamer, 1828, p. 150. 

Harris, Joseph, 1702-1764, a self-taught philosopher, and the 
eldest l)rother of Howell Harris, was horn in the parish of Talgarth, 
Breconshire. At an early age, he removed to London, and rose to a 
responsihle post at the Mint. He was the author of several astro- 
nomical and mathematical treatises, and was held in high esteem by 
the scientists of the day. On his monument in Talgarth Church, it is 
recorded that " his great abilities and unshaken integrity were 
uniformly directed to the good of his country, having by indefatigable 
attention gained the greatest proficiency in every branch of scientific 
knowledge. As an author, he published several tracts on different 
subjects, invented many mathematical instruments, monuments of 
his mathematical genius ; yet, superior to the love of fame, he forbore 
having even his name engraven upon them. His political talents 
were well known to the ministers in power in his days, who failed 
not to improve on all the wise and learned ideas which greatness of 
mind, candour, with love of his country, led him to communicate." 
(Jones' Breiknuckshire ; Diet. Em. W. : Life (if Hoivell Harris.) See 
Diet. Nat. Biog. ; The Queen's Assay Master, in Murray's Magazine 
for May, 1887 ; Jones' Hist, of Brecktivckshire ; Poole's Brecknock- 

Harris, Joseph, about 1750-1815, a musician, is believed to 
have been born near Wrexham, but in any case his parents were 
Welsh. When he was quite a boy his parents settled in Birmingham. 
He received a good education, and matriculated at Magdalen College, 
Oxford, in March, 177:1 He was organist of St. Martin's Church, 
Birmingham, in 1787, and died near Wrexham, early in 1815. His 
compositions include eight songs, arranged for solo voice, with 
accompaniments of a string quartette and liorns : six harpsichord 
quartettes, and a quintet ; and twelve songs, for solo voice, and varying 
accompaniments of pianofore and string and wind instruments. He 
was a devoted student of Handel, whose influence is very apparent in 
his compositions. (B. Cerddorion Cijmreig ; Di<t. Nat. Biog.) See 
Dictionary of Musicians, 1827, p. 1)32 ; Foster's Alumni Own, vol. 2, 
p. 613; Bruce's History of Old St. Martin's, Birmingham, p. 50; 
Gent. Mag., Mar. 1815, p. 281. 

Harris, Joseph, 1773-1825, " Gomer," a Baptist minister and 
author, was born in the parish of St. Dogwell's, near Haverfonlwest. 
In his youth lie was remarkable for his devotion to books, and in 17'.t5 he 
became a preacher with the Baptists. In 1801 he removed to Swansea, 
where he was under a great disadvantage owing to his imperfect know- 
ledge of English. He thereupon sjient four months at the Baptist 
Academy, Bristol, and succeeded so well that he was soon able to preach 
in English. He was very active in the cultivation of Welsh literature. 


and is universally recognised as " the father of Welsh periodical 
literature." He started, in 1814, " Seren Gonier," the first newspaper 
ever printed in the Welsh Innguage, which at first was well suppoi ted, 
but when fSa weekly numbers had appeared it had to be discontinued, 
its proprietors liaving sustained a loss of al)out £l,t)00. In January, 
181H, was published the first number of " Seren Gomer," a monthly 
magazine which, in one form or another, has survived to the present 
day. He published a " Selection of Hymns in Welsh " ; a tract " On 
the Peculiar OIRce of tlie Lord to the Church, with Answers to the 
Socinians." A sketch of his life, &c., appeared in p]nglish in 1825, 
and in Welsh, by D. ap Rhys Stephen, in ISS'.t. {Diet. Em. W. ; 
Lleiiyckliaelh fy Ngivlnd ; Cardiff Catalogue ; The Welsh Review, 
18i)l*.) See Enwog. C; Y (jeninen, 18811, p. GO; Enivog. y Ffydd; 
Hancs Lien. G. ; Ceiidon Lien, (J., vol. 2, p. 56 ; Y Traethodydd, 1845; 
Cymru, vol. 4, p. ;{25 ; Nodweddiad y Cymry, p. 214. 

Harris, Samuel, about 17;50- , an American preacher, some- 
times cdled "the Apostle of Virginia," was of Welsli descent. He 
was known also as " Colonel Harris." His pulpit power was of the 
Whitfield type, and " he went everywhere preaching the word." He 
was ordained in 176'.', but ]irior to that he had for years been an 
acceptable preacher. " As colonel of the State Militin, as member of 
the State Legislature, as Judge of tlie Courts, this many-sided man of 
Welsh blood was highly esteemed in his day." ( Welshmen as Factors, &c.) 

Harris, Samuel Smith, 1841 - 1888, an American bishop, born 
in Ant:mga County, Alabama, U.S.A., was of Welsh parentage. He 
gniduated at the University of Alabama in 1859 ; served with 
distinction in the Confederate army, 1861-65 ; practised law in 
Montgomery, Alabama, and in New York, till 1868 ; became a priest 
of the Episcoi)al Church, and in 1871) Bishop of Michigan. He 
published " Bohlen Lectures for 1882, on the Relation of Christianity 
to Civil Society." He received the degrees of D.D. and LL.D. He 
exercised a salutary and potent influence on the churches of the 
Episcopacy in various places north and south of the Ohio. ( Welshmen 
as Factors, Ac. : Lippincott.) 

Harris, Thomas, 1705-1782, a self-made man, was a brother 
of the Rev. Howell Harris (see ante), and was born at Talgarth, 
Breconshire. He left his native county (where he had been brought 
up as a tailor) at an early age, and settled in London, where he found 
employment with an uncle, Solomon Price. He afterwards secured 
contracts for supplying the army with clothing, by which he amassed 
a considerable fortune. This enabled him to return to Wales, and to 
purchase the estates of Tregunter, Trevecca. He wa^ sheriff of 
Breconshire in 1768, and died leaving a character of a truly honest 
man and a liberal benefactor to the poor. The tablet in Talgarth 
Church, which records the memory of Howell Harris, mentions 
further, in reference to Thomas Harris, that " in him tlie poor always 
found a most bountifid benefactor, his heart and mansion being ever 
open to the feelings of humanity by relieving the distresses of the 
indigent." He devised the Tregunter Estate, together with the bulk 

^^f -^^ ^^ 


Key. Hri;ii Hrcnns (Hmv Teyai). 


of his property, to Mrs. Hughes, the only daughter and heiress of his 
elder brother, Joseph Harris, from whom two ot the leading families 
of the county of I'.recknock at the present day are descended. {Diet. 
Em. W. : Life of Howell Harris; Jones' Brecknocksliirc.) 

Harrison, Benjamin, 1740-1791, an American statesman, 
whose ancestors emigrated from Wales to Virginia, U.S.A., was 
bora at Berkeley, on the James River, Virginia. In 1764 he was 
a member of the Virginia legislature, and in 1774 was elected to the 
National Congress, in wliich he was distinguished for his patriotic 
services. He was one of the signers of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. From 1782 to 1784 he was governor of Virginia. He was also 
a member of the Convention which frame<l the Constitution of the 
United States in 17.S8, and chairman of the Committee which reported 
the Declaration of Independence. He retired from public life in 
1785, and died six years later. He was the father of President 
William H. Harrison. ( Wales and its People ; Lippincott.) See 
Wales, vol. 1, p. 282. 

Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901, President of the United 
States, born at North Bend, Ohio, was the grandson of William Henry 
Harrison (1773-1841, see post). A few years before his death he made 
public reference to his descent from an old Welsh family, which, he 
said, could be traced to the time of Cromwell (see Y Drych, July 7th, 
1892). He took a prominent part in tlie Civil War, receiving from 
Abraham Lincoln, in 18tJ5, a commission as brevet l)rigadier-general. 
He afterwards followed his profession — that of a lawyer, and in 1868 
took an action there in General Grant's political campaign. He was 
elected president in the Republican interest in 1888, and contested the 
presidency in 1892 against Cleveland, but was defeated. He appeared 
as chief counsel for the United States in the dispute with England in 
regard to Venezuela, in 1899 ; and in the same year he represented the 
United States at the Hague Conference. He wrote " This Country of 
Ours " (1897), and " Views of an Ex-Presideut " (1901). " His Life," 
by Lew Wallace, wiis published in 1888. ( Welshmen as Factors, itc. ; 

Harrison, "William Henry, 1773-1841, a statesman, and for a 
brief period. President of the United States, was a son of Benjamin 
Harrison (1740-1791, see r/n^*"), and was born in Charles City, county 
Virginia, U.S.A. He was educated for the medical profession, but 
entered the army at an early age, and rendered distinguished service in 
wars with the Indians. In 1801 he was appointed governor of Indiana, 
then a "territory," and in the war with the Indians in 1811, and in 
that with England, 1812-13, he acted as a general. A member of the 
House of Representatives in 1816, and a senator in 1824, he was elected 
President in 1840, but lived only a month to enjoy his new honours. 
He contributed to the Transactions of the Historical and Philosopidcal 
Society of Ohio, an interesting "Essay on the Aborigines of the Ohio 
Valley." "His Life," by Stoddart, appeared in 1888, and by Boswick, 
in Wilson's " Presidents of the United States," in 1894. {Imp. Diet. 
Biog. ; Wales and its People ; Harmsivorth ; Lippincott.) See 


M. Dawson's Life of General W. H. Harrison, 1824 ; James Hall's 
Memoir of the Public Services of W. H. Harrisnn, 1836 ; S. J. Burr's 
Life and Times of W. H. Harrison, 1S40 ; Life of William Henry 
Harrison, by Isaac R. Jackson ; National Portrait Gallery of 
Distijujuished Americans, vol. ;{. 

Harry, John, 1674-1737, was bom in the parish of Aberystruth, 
Monmouthshire, and having united himself to the Baptists, he became 
one of their ministers in 1715. In 172.5, he translated into the Welsh 
language " Alleiiie's New Heaven and New Earth." He was a very 
pious man, but cherished strange notions as to the second coming of 
Christ, for it is recorded of him that he often went out at night in full 
expectation of His appearance on earth. (Border Counties'' Worthies ; 
Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Harry, Miles, -1776, the first minister of the Baptist body 

who settled at Penygarn, near Fontypool, Monmouthshire, was a native 
of that county. He is noted as having carrietl on a controversy with 
his neighbour, Edmund .Jones, upon the question of infant baptism, 
that led to great unpleasantness, and to his removal to Tredegar, where 
he erected a chapel upon a farm that belonged to him in that 
neighbourhood. This occurred in 1763, so that lie may be looked 
upon as the founder of the denomination in that town. (Border 
Counties' Worthies.) 

Harry, Nunn Morgan, 1800-1842, a Congregational minister 
and author, was born in the parish of Lampeter Velfrey, Pembroke- 
shire. After entering the ministry he received a call to Banbury, 
wliere he remained for some years. He then removed to New Broad 
Street, London, where he carried on a very successful ministry. In 
1832 he published a volume containing twelve lectures on the Person 
of Christ and His mission in the world, under the title, " What think 
ye of Christ-'" (Banliury : W. Potts). He was an enthusiastic 
supporter of the Peace Society, and in 1837 was elected one of its 
honorary secretaries. He also became editor of the Herald of Peace, 
and wrote several valuable tracts for publication by the committee. 
He would never speak in pulilic without saying a word on behalf 
of the principles of the Peace Society. In his theology he was 
probably in advance of the majority of the ministers of his denomina- 
tion. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) See G. B. ; Herald of Peace for January, 
1843 ; Caleb Morris' Memorial Discourse ; Enwog. C. 

Hartley, Richard Griffith, 1833-1870, the son of John 
Hartley, a native of ^lerioneth, was a very promising missionary'. He 
was a brilliant scholar, and graduated B.A. when I'J years of age, and 
M.A. three years later. He was classical master for some years at 
Airedale College, Bradford, but in Ls62 he went out as missionary to 
Mailagascar. He there took in hand the task of training native 
Christians tor the ministry, but after seven years' very successful 
work his health broke down, and he returned to this country. {Cymry 

Havard, Father, 1807-1880, a Roman Catholic priest, was a 
descendant of the Havards of Senny, in Breconshire. He succeeded 


an uncle at Brecon, and later on was stationed at Carmarthen, where 
Bome who widely differed from his reliKious views used to listen to 
his eloquent Welsh sermons with interest. He left few priests behind 
him who possessed the same command over the Welsh language 
in preaching. Those who knew him intimately, spoke with warmth 
of his deep faith and unaffected piety, and declared that in no 
Welshman could the love of his native land be stronger than it was 
in Father Havard. (Poole's Breconshire.) 

Havard, Griffith, 1821-1894, a Baptist minister and antiquary, 
was a native of Tredegar, Glamorganshire. He entered Pontypool 
College about 1848, and on the termination of his course there accepted 
a call from the Blaenavon English Church, where he was ordained. 
He then removed to Neath, and later on toCwmfelin, Carmarthenshire. 
His next pastorate was at Saundersfoot, and subsequently he settled 
at Beulah, Pembrokeshire. He finally gave up pastoral work, and 
opened a chemist's shop at Whitland, but continued to preach. He 
was an able preacher, possessing a remarkable memory, with a 
marvellous comuiantl of choice language. He was a good scholar, and 
a well-known anticjuary. He wrote " Yr Iwerddon ; sef Hanes 
Gwladlywiaeth y Saeson yn yr Iwerddon," giving an historical account 
of English policy in Ireland (Rhymney : G. J. Jacobs, 1888). (Baptist 
Hcmdbook, 1895 ; Cardiff' Vatalogue.) 

Havard, Williain, 1735-1810, a self-made man and a poet, 
born at Hereford, was a descendant of the Havards of Breconshire. 
In early life he set out to seek his fortune in London, where he 
arrived without a penny in his pocket, having performed the journey 
on foot. Obtainin.; a clerkship in a mercantile house, he so recom- 
mended himself by his trustworthiness and abilities that he was 
finally admitted as a partner, and lived to acquire a fortune sullicient 
to enable hini to beijueath at his death a sum of £ltt,000 to each of 
his five daughters. He was exceedingly generous to his countrymen, 
many of whom were indebted to him for pecuniary assistance and 
valuable advice. A writer in the Eurnpenn Mugazinr states that both 
Mr. Pitt and Mr. Fox had recourse to him in matters of commercial 
detail during the discussions on the commercial treaty with France 
about the year 17S(']. He also had a taste for literature, especially for 
poetry, and is known as the author of " The Banks of the Lugg," and 
other poems. He was a friend of Charles Dibdin, the song writer, 
and is said to have assisted him in some of his compositions, 
particularly in " The Bystander," Init Dilidin, after Havard's death, 
wrote denying the accuracy of this statement. {(ient. Mag., 1810, 
V. 1 p. 499, V. 2 p. (U» ; Herefordshire Biographies.) 

Hebog, see Jones, Edward. 

Henry, John, 1842-1902, a self-made man, was born at Port 
Talbot, Glamorganshire, and, in 1S66, set out to seek his fortune in 
America, settling at Pittsburg. For a few years after his arrival the 
ups and downs of his life were many ; for four years he worked as 
mechanic, and, by studious habits and economical methods, laid down 
the safe foundation of an extensive fortune and brilliant future. In 


1879 he was offered the suptTiiitendency of the mill in which he 
made his lirst start. This mill, at the time, was in a deplorable state, 
but in a lew months, through his sagacity and untiring effnrts, the 
work was in a flourishing condition, turning out superior lirands of 
iron and steel sheet, which commanded an enviable market. Four 
years later he, with two others, erected the Charlier's Iron and Steel 
Works, and was its general manager tiom its siart. Besides being a 
successful manufacturer, he was a gifted man of affairs, and endowed 
with the business instincts of a financier. (The Cambrian, 1902, 
p. 464) 

Henry, Matthew, 1662-1714, the well-known Nonconformist 
divine and author, was born at Broad Oak, a farmhouse in the 
township of Iscoed, Flintshire. His father, the Rev. Philip Henry, 
who was rector of Worthenbury, was one of the two thousand 
clergymen who left the Church of England in consequence of the Act 
of Uniformity. Matthew Henry entered Gray's Inn with a view of 
studying the law, but afterwards devoted himself to the ministry, and 
was ordained in 1687. He settled at Chester, where he had a large 
congregation, and remained there for 25 years. Two years before his 
death he removeil to Hackney. He was the author of several works, 
the most important being his " Exposition of the Bible," in six 
volumes, which has been translated into Welsh. He was only able to 
complete five volumes himself, the sixth being prepared by others. 
Other commentators have been better linguists, and some may have 
had a fuller acquaintance with the labours of tlieir predecessors ; but 
in the great qualifications of intimate and affectionate insight into the 
sacred text, and of making its meaning arresting and memorable, 
Matthew Henry excels all. He also wrote a biography of his father, 
which ranks amongst the most delightful pictures of personal and 
domestic piety which later times have yielded. (Diet. Em. W. ; Imp. 
Diet. Biog.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Funeral Sejynons by Williams, 
Tong, Bates, and Reynolds, 1714 ; Tong's Accunnt of the Life, &c., 
1716 : Lawrence's Desceiida>its of Philip Henri/, 1S44 ; Jeremy's 
Preshyterian Fund, 1885, p. 1U6. 

Henry, Thomas, 1734-1816, a distinguished chemist, was born 
at Wrexham, and was intended for holy orders, but for pecuniary 
reasons he was a])|)renticed to an apothecary. He subsequently 
commenced practice on his own account at Knutsford. In about five 
years he removed to Manchester, where he practised as a physician, 
being employed for nearly half a century by the more wealthy 
inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood. He obtained considerable 
distinction as a chemical philosopher. He communicated to the Royal 
College of Physicians a new method of preparing magnesia alba, and 
in 1775 was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1781 he was 
appointed one of the secretaries of a philosophical society which was 
established at Manchester, and subsequently he became its president. 
He contributed a number of papers to its transactions, which greatly 
enhanced his reputation. In 1783 he commenced a series of lectures 
on the general principles of chemistry, and on the arts of bleaching, 
dyeing, and calico-printing. His private character was most exemplary. 


and as a scientist he was considered the most eminent man in 
Manchester. (Diet. Em. W.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; William Henry's 
Tribute to His Father's Memory ; Memoirs of Manchester Lit. i£- Phil. 
Soc, 2nd ser., v. '.\, p. 20-4, reprinted with funeral sermon by J. G. 
Rohberds, 1819 ; R. Angus Smith's Centenary of Sciencein Manchester, 
1883, p. 108 ; Royal Society^s Catalogue of Scientific Papers ; Watt's 
Bibl. Brit. ; Young Wales', r.t04, p. 26. 

Henry, William, 1774-1836, chemist, was the son of Thomas 
Henry, F.R.S., who was a native of Wrexham (17:54-1816, see ante). 
He assisted his father in a general medical practice at Manchester, but 
afterwards studied at Edinburgh, where he took the degree of M.D. in 
1807. In 1808 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, and was 
awarded the Capley gold medal. He wrote several essays, and 
collected materials for a history of chemical discovery. He was an 
accomplished and able man, and occupied a prominent place among 
the chemists of the age. He made valuable researches in chemistry, 
on which he contributed numerous memoirs to the " Philosophical 
Transactions " of the Royal Society. In 1803 he ascertained the law 
of the absorption of gases by water of different temperatures. He 
was the author of well-written sketches of Davy, Priestley, and 
Wallaston ; also of an excellent work entitled " Elements of Experi- 
mental Chemistry " (1800), which passed through many editions, 
and is remarkable for accuracy in facts and literary elegance. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Lippincott.) See Enci/clopcedia Britannica ; 
Biographical Notice by his son, William Charles Henry, M.D., in 
Memoirs of Manchester Lit. <t- Phil. Sac, 2nd ser., v. 5 and 6 ; John 
Davies' Sketch of his Character, 1836 ; Royal Society's Catalogue of 
Scientific Papers, containing titles of 39 papers by him. 

Herbert, Arthur, -1716, Earl of Torrington, admiral and 

commander-in-chief of the English Fleet, was the eldest son of Sir 
Edward Herbert, of the Montgomeryshire family of Herbert of 
Cherbury. Immediately after the Restoration he attracted the notice 
of James, Duke of York, by whose favour he was very early promoted 
to the command of one of his Majesty's ships of war ; and, in the 
first Dutch war, in the reign of Charles II., he commanded the 
" Pembroke," and greatly distinguished himself. In the second 
Dutch war he behaved with great spirit and resolution, receiving 
several wounds and losing the sight of one of his eyes in his country's 
service. He was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty by 
William III., and took a leading and distinguished part in the 
revolution of 1688, for which he was created Baron Torbay and Earl 
of Torrington. He also received the thanks of the House of Commons 
for the service he had done the nation in taking the first opportunity 
of fighting the French in Bantry Bay. In 1690 he was in command 
of the English and Dutch fleets when they were defeated by the 
French ofT Beachy Head. He was afterwards tried by court-martial, 
but acquitted. His commission, however, was taken from him, and 
he spent the rest of his life in privacy. (Mont. Worthies, sec. edn., 
p. 105 ; Campbell's Lives of the Admirals, 1700 edn., vol. 3, p. 284.) 
See Peerage of England, vol. 3, p. 317 ; An Impartial Account of some 


Remarkable Passages in the Life of Arthur, Earl of Torrington, 1691; 
Burchat's Naval History ; Burnet's History of his Own Time, vol. 1, 
pp. 671, 762 ; Debates in the House of Commons, 1690, vol. 2, p. 384 ; 

Herbert, Sir Arthur James, 1820-1897, a soldier, was the 
son of Mr. John Jones, of Llanarth Court, Monmouthshire, by Lady 
Harriett Plunket, daughter of the eighth Earl of Fingall. He was 
born at Llanarth, and educated at Prior Park Roman Catholic College. 
He joined the Royal Welsh Fusilier.s in 1839, served in the Crimea in 
18;j4:-5, and was promoted colonel in 1860, major-general in 1868, 
lieutenant-general in 1877, and general in 1885. He was A.A.G. in 
18.^)6-7, D.Q.M.G. from 1857 to 1862, A.G.Q.M.G. at Aldershot from 
1863 to 1867, and A.A.G. at the Horse Guards from 1867 to 1873. 
He was Q.M.G. to the forces from 1882 to 1887, when he retired from 
the army. He was gazetted C.B. in 1867, and promoted K.C.B. in 
1882. He assumed the name of Herbert in lieu of Jones in 1848, and 
married in 1854 the widow of Captain Forgnson, of Houghton Hall. 
Carlisle. He was buried at Llanarth, Monmouthshire. (Bye-Oones, 
1897, p. 242.) 

Herbert, Lord, of Cherbury, see Herbert, Henry. 

Herbert, David, 1762-1835, a clergyman, was a native of 
Cardiganshire, and completed his education at Oxford, where he 
graduated B.A. He was ordained in 1791 by the Bishop of Rochester, 
and, after serving in England for some years, he returned to Wales, 
and, in 1812, was preferred to the vicarage of Llansantffraid, in his 
native county. He was one of the ablest preachers the Church 
possessed in the Principalitj'. (Q.B.) 

Herbert, Edward, 1785-1848, second Earl of Fowls, was 

eldest son of Eldward Clive, first Earl. He completed his education at 
Cambridge, and in 1806 was elected M.P. for Ludlow. In 1830 he 
succeeded his father as lord-lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. He 
strenuously opposed the scheme for the creation of a bishopric of 
Manchester by the union of the sees of Bangor and St. Asaph, and 
eventually succeeded in defeating it. He was president of the Royal 
Cambrian Literary Institute, and of the Welsh School, London. He 
also became chairman of the Roxburghe Literary Club in 1834, and 
the following year contributed to its publications a most curious and 
valuable volume entitled " English Metrical Lives of the Saints by the 
Monk of Clare," written in 1443. He was buried in the chancel of 
St. Mary's Church, Welshpool, where a beautiful monument was 
erected to his memory. {Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Mont. Worthies.) See Gent. 
Mag., 1848, pt. 1, p. 482 ; Dr. Dibdin's Reminiscences of a Literary 
Life, pt. 1, p. 403 ; Martin's Life of the Prince Consort, v. 1, p. 385 ; 
Doyle's Official Baronetage, v. .'!, p. 87 ; Dodd's Peerage, 1847, p. 326 ; 
Times, 19 January, 1848 ; Brit. Mas. Cat. 

Herbert, Edward James, 1818-1891, third Earl of Fowls of 
the present creation, was the eldest son and heir of Edward Herbert, 
the second Earl, K.G., by his wife. Lady Lucy Graham, third daughter 
of James, third Duke of Montrose, K.G. He was educated at Eton and 


at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he was placed eleventh in the 
first class in classics in 1840, and the same j-ear graduated M.A. His 
private tutor was Bishop Selwyn. He obtained the degree of 
LL.D. in 1842, and the honorary degree of D.C.L. at Oxford in 18.")7. 
He took great delight in the classics, which he continued to study- 
throughout his life, often corresponding with distinguished scholars 
on points of classical criticism. {Mont. Worthies). 

Herbert, George, 1827-1894, Dean of Hereford, was the third 

son of Edward, second Earl of Powis. He was educated at Eton and 
St. John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1848. In 1850 
he was ordained by the Bishop of Worcester, and appointed to the 
curacy of Kidderminster, which he served for five years. In 1855 he 
was appointed to the family living of Clun, and the Bishop of Hereford 
conferred on him the post of prebendary of Putson Manor in Hereford 
Cathedral. He did admirable work as a parish priest, and acted as a 
voluntary deputation for several Church societies. In 18G7 Mr. 
Disraeli nominated him to the deanery of Hereford, where he did 
much to develop the influence of the cathedral. His sermons bore 
ample testimony to his erudition, and in all educational matters he 
displayed a keen interest. In a letter written by him shortly before 
his death — probably his last read in public — he claimed to be by 
descent a Welshman. {Mont. Worthies ; Byt-Gones, 1894, p. 306). 

Herbert, George Edward, 1809-1891, a soldier, was the 
second son of George Ai-thur Herbert, Esq., of Glanhafren and 
Llanllugan, Montgomeryshire, by Elizabeth, eldest daughter, and 
heiress of Athelstan Hamer, Esq., of Glanhafren. At the age of 17 
he entered the army, joining the 9th Bengal Light Cavalry, which 
body he served with for twenty-eight years, passing with it tlirough 
the Sikh and Afghan campaigns. He retired with the rank of 
lieutenant-colonel in 1858. He succeeded to the possession of the 
Montgomeryshire estates on the death of his elder brother, the Rev. 
John Arthur Herbert, rector of Penstrowed. He was a justice of the 
peace for that county and the North Riding of Yorkshire, and a 
deputy-lieutenant for the North Riding, and in 1879 filled the office of 
High Sheriff for his native county. Amongst his Montgomeryshire 
neighbours, he was held in very high esteem for his character as a 
landlord, and for his kindliness to his poorer neighbours. {Bye-Gones, 
1892, p. 235). 

Herbert, Henry, 1654-1709, created Lord Herbert of Cherbury, 
was the son of Sir Henry Herbert, a native of Montgomeryshire. In 
1676, he succeeded his father as M.P. for Bewdley. He was afterwards 
in pecuniary difficulties, and in 1691 he petitioned William III. for the 
office of auditor of Wales on the ground of former service. In 1695 he 
was appointed Custos Rotulorum of Brecon, and in 1705 one of the Lords 
Commissioners of Trade and Plantations. He was a man of consider- 
able ability, and distinguished for his affability and politeness. His 
judgment and capacity were so highly thought of in the House of 
Lords, that he was elected chairman of a Committee on a very critical 
occasion. (P. C. Collections ,- Mont. Worthies). 


Herbert, Henry, -1738, second Lord Herbert of Cherbury, 

was the only child of the first Eurl (1654-1709, see ante). In 1707 he 
was returned us member of Parliament for Bewdley, in succession to 
his father. He was an ardent Whig in politics, and greatly impoverished 
himself owing to his heavy expenditure in his electoral contests. 
(Diet. Nat. Biog.). See P. C. Collections, v. 7, p. 156 ; and v. 11, p. 
344 ; Warner's Epistolary Curiosities, 1818 ; Chester's Marriage 
Licenses, ed. Foster, p. 669 ; Annals of Anne, v. 8, p. 361. 

Herbert, Henry, 1693-1751, ninth Earl of Pembroke, called, 
" The Architect Earl," was the eldest son of Thomas, the eighth Earl. 
He acted as one of the lords-justices during the absence of the King 
from England in 1740, and again three years later, and also in 1748. 
Walpole speaks of him as " a second Inigo Jones," and quotes several 
instances of his taste and skill in architectural design. He rendered 
valuable public service in promoting the erection of Westminster 
Bridge, since re-built. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society 
in 1743. {Diet. Nat. Biog.). See H. Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting, 
V. 3, p. 771 ; containing portrait ; NichoUs' Lit. Anecd. ; Cresy's 
Encycl. of Civil Engineering, London, 1856, p. 422 ; Report on 
Westminster Bridge in Pari. Papers, Reports of Select Committees, 
1844, V. 6. 

Herbert, Henry, 1734-1794, tenth Earl of Pembroke, was the 
eldest son of the ninth Earl. He entered the army, and was made 
colonel of the Wiltshire militia in 1778. He was afterwards appointed 
governor of Portsmouth, and attained the rank of general in 1782. 
(Diet. Nat. Biog.). See Foster's Peerage; Cannon's Hist. Records 1st 
Royal Dragoons and 15th King's Hussars; Lord Pembroke's Art of 
Breaking Horses, preface to 3rd edn., 1778 ; Gth and 9th Reports of 
Historical MSS. Commission. 

Herbert, Henry Arthur, about 1700-1772, Earl of Powis, 
was the son of Francis Herbert, of Dolguog and Oakley Park. He was 
elected member of Parliament for Ludlow in 1727, antl represented 
that borough in three Parliaments. In 1743 he was, by letters patent, 
created Lord Herbert of Cherbury (third creation). On the death of 
William, Marquis of Powis, in 1748, who left him hia whole estate, lie 
was further advanced to the dignity of Baron Powis, of Powis Castle, 
Viscount Ludlow and Earl of Powis, by letters patent, dated the 27th 
of May, 1748. In 1 745 he was appointed lord lieutenant and Custoa 
Rotulorum for Shropshire, and in the same year was one of the thirteen 
peers commissioned to raise a regiment of foot to suppress the 
rebellion, a task which, so far as he himself was concerned, he fulfilled 
in a very short time. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Herbert, Sir James, 1644-1709, was born at Colebrook, 
Monmouthshire, and was a distinguished member of the ancient 
family of his name settled in that county. He sat in Parliament for 
some years, and having remlered in that, and other ways, service to 
his country, he gained the respect and confidence of his neighbours, 
and the honours befitting his name and character. {Border Counties 


Herbert, John Maurice, 1808-1882, county court judge of 
the Monmouth Circuit, was the son of John Lawrence Herbert, Esq., 
of New Hall, Kerry, Montgomeryshire, by his marriage with Joyce 
Susannah, daughter of Charles Thomas Jones, Esq., of Fronfraith, 
Llandyssil, in the same county. He was educated at Hereford and 
Cambridge, and was called to the bar in 1885, joining the Oxford 
circuit. In 1847 he was appointed county court judge, and brought 
to the discharge of his duties an enthusiastic disposition, great 
industry, and a wide and extensive knowledge of the law, qualities 
which combined to make him a most able judge. He was a fluent 
speaker, and expressed himself with great clearness and force. His 
decisions were rarely appealed against, and more rarely reversed ; and, 
as shewing the estimation in which his judgment was held, trial by 
jury had become almost obsolete in his courts. (Mont. Worthies.) 

Herbert, Lady Lucy, 1669-1744, devotional writer, was 
fourth daughter of William Herbert, the first Marquis and titular 
Duke of Powis. She was professed in the convent of the English 
Augustinian Canonesses at Bruges in 1693, and was elected its prioress 
in 1709. She bore a very high character for devotion and the sanctity 
of her life, and wrote several books of devotion, of which many 
editions have been published. They appear to have been collected 
and published in 1701, under the title, " Several Excellent Methods of 
hearing Mass with fruit and benefit, according to the institution of 
that divine sacrifice and the intention of our Holy Mother the Church, 
with motives to induce all good Christians, particularly religious 
persons, to make use of the same." {Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Mont. Worthies). 
See Dodd's Church History, v. 3, p. 447 ; Husenbeth's Colleges and 
Convents on the Continent, p. 55 ; Kirk'a Biog. Collections, No. 43, 
cited in Gillow's Bihl. Diet. 

Herbert, Sir Percy Egerton, 1822-1876, lieutenant-general, 

was the second son of Edward Herbert, second Earl Powis. He joined 
the army, and saw much hard service in the Kaffir war of 1851-3, and 
afterwards in the Crimea. For his distinguished services in the 
Crimea he was made aide-de-camp to the Queen, and nominated a 
Companion of the Order of the Bath. He afterwards commanded the 
S2nd Foot during the Indian Mutiny, and had charge of the districts of 
Cawnpore and Futtehpore, till the spring of 1859. As a campaigner, 
probably few officers have ever exliibited greater powers of enduring 
fatigue and privation. It may with truth be said that he was a brave 
and true soldier, who worthily sustained the military traditions of his 
family, and the honour attached to the illustrious name he bore. He 
sat in Parliament, in the Conservative interest, for Ludlow, from 1854 
to 1860, and for South Shropshire from 1865 till his death. {Diet. Nat. 
Biog. ; Mont. Worthies.) See Burke's Peerage, under " Powis " ; 
Army Lists and London Gazettes ; Kinglake's Invasion of the 
Crimea, 6th edit. (1877-88), v. 3, 5, and G. 

Herbert, Hon. Robert Charles, 1827-1902, a soldier, was the 
fourth son of the second Earl of Powis, and was educated at Eton and 
St. John's College, Cambridge, taking a first class in classics in 1855. 


He was high-sheriff of Shropshire iu 187S, and a deputy-lieutenant of 
the county. He was aide-de-camp to the governor of the Fiji Islands 
from 1880 to 1883, and served in the Zulu War in 1870, for which he 
had the medal. He also served in the Soudan campaign in 1884, 
receiving the medal, clasp, and star. (Bye-Gones, 1902, p. 484.) 

Herbert, Thomas, 1656-173.3, was the son of Philip Herbert, 
fifth Earl of Pembroke. He held several public appttintments, and in 
1707 became lord-lieutenant of Ireland. He was a man of great learn- 
ing, especially in mathematics. He was president of the Royal Society 
in 1689-90, and it was to him that Locke dedicated his essay on the 
Human Understanding, " in token of gratitude for kind offices done in 
evil times." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Collin's Peerage, ed. 1779, v. 3, 
p. 125 ; Burnet's History of his Own Time ; Macaulay's History of 

Herbert, "William, -1745, second marquis and titular 

Duke of Powis, was the son of William Herbert, the first marquis, 
whom he succeeded on the death of the latter in 1696. Some years 
before this a proclamation had been issued for his apprehension on 
suspicion of abetting the French in a threatened invasion of England. 
To prevent his outhuvry he surrendered himself in 1696, and was 
committed to Newgate, where he seems to have remained for six 
months, after which he was bailed out. A technical error on the part 
of the sheriffs of London enabled him to retain his estate. His son, 
William, third Duke of Powis, died unmarried in 1748, whereupon the 
dukedom became extinct. Under thn will of the subject of this 
sketch his large estate devolved upon Henry Arthur, Lord Herbert of 
Cherbury, of the third creation, who was in 1745 created Earl of Powis. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog. \ Mont. Worthies). See P. C. Collections, v. 5, pp. 
381-91 ; Hist. MSS. Commission, 10th Rep. App. pt. 4, p. 398 ; Doyle's 
Official Baronage, v. 3, pp. 83-4. 

Herbert, Lady "Winifred, - 1749, afterwards Countess of 

Nithsdale, was the fifth and most celebrated daughter of the first Duke 
of Powis. The date of her marriage is not known, but her husband, 
William Maxwell, Earl of Nithsdale, took a leading part in the 
Jacobite rising of 1715, and was one of those who were obliged to 
surrender at Preston. Soon afterwards, he was tried and condemned to 
death, and sent to the Tower of London, there to await execution. 
From this fate the countess, with true wifely devotion, resolved to 
save him at all costs. She travelled night and day, mostly on horse- 
back, through deep snow and tempestuous weather, that she might solace 
him in the dark hour of his need, appeal to the king to pardon him, 
or, if all other efforts to save his life proved unsuccessful, plan and 
effect his escape from prison. Failing to obtain his pardon, or a 
reversal of his sentence, she, with amazing coolness, skill, and courage, 
took two women with her to the Tower, one of whom was her maid, 
Grace Evans, Welshpool, and disguising the Earl partly in their and 
partly in her own clothes, she most cleverly deceived the guards, and 
brought her husband safely out of prison on the 23rd of February, 


1716, being the day preceding that fixed for his execution. (Mont. 

Herring, John, 1789-1832, a Baptist minister, was a native of 
Llanyspyddyd, Breconshire, and was ordained in 1811. In 1821 he was 
the means of forming a home mission in Cardiganshire, to which he 
devoted his attention for the rest of his life. He was a most eloquent 
preacher, and formed a large number of churches in that county. 
{Enwog. C.) 

Hicks, Henry, 1837-1899, geologist, was born at St. David's, 
Pembrokeshire, where his father, Thomas Hicks, was in practice as a 
surgeon, his mother being a daughter of William Griffiths, of 
Carmarthen. He studied medicine at Guj''s Hospital, and became a 
member of the Royal College of Surgeons. Returning to St. David's 
to follow his profession, lie made the acquaintance of Salter, of the 
Geological Survey, and became inspired with his enthusiasm for 
discovery in a path which was then almost virgin. He made great 
progress, and became known as a geologist who was singularly acute, 
both in eye and mind. (Diet. Nut. Biog.) See Nature, v. 61, p. 109 ; 
Cat. Scientific Papers of the Royal Society ; Geological Mag., 1899, 
p. 574 ; Quarterly Journal of the (Tcological Society, 1900, Proc. .')8. 

Hill, Sir Dudley St. Leger, 1790-1S.51, a soldier, was the 
eldest son of Dudley Hill, a gentleman of Welsh descent. He was 
appointed ensign in the 82nd Foot in 1804, exchanging in the follow- 
ing year to the 9.5th Rifles, now Rifle Brigade. As lieutenant he 
accompanied his battalion to South America in 1806, and commanded 
the scaling party that captured the north gate of Monte Video in 
February, 1807. In the subsequent attempt on Buenos Ayres, in the 
following June, he was wounded and taken prisoner. He saw active 
service in Portugal in 1808, and was present at Corunna. In the 
Burgos retreat his battalion lost half its numbers, and he himself was 
wounded and taken prisoner. At the storming of Sebastian in Sept., 
1813, he headed the attack of the .")th division ; he was also present at 
the repulse of the sortie at Bayonne in 1814. In the same year he was 
made C.B., knighted in 1816, and made K.C.B. in 1848. He also 
received several Portuguese decorations, and on his return to England 
was presented with a sword and two valuable pieces of plate. At the 
date of his death he had attained the rank of major-general. (Diet. 
Nat. Biog.) See Phillippart's Royal Military Calendar, 1820, v. 4, 
p. 475 ; Cope's History of the Rifle Brigade ; Ge7it. Mag., 1851, v. 1, 
p. 552. 

Hinde, Charles Thomas Edward, 1820-1870, a soldier, was 

the second son of Captain Jacob William Hinde, of the 15th Hussars, 
by Harriet, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Youde, and grand-daughter 
of Jenkin Lloyd, Esq., of Clochfaen, Llangurig, Montgomeryshire. 
He was born at Plas Madog, near Ruabon, and in 1840 entered 
the service of the East India Co. On the outljreak of hostilities 
between Russia and Turkey in 1853, he volunteered his services to 
Omar Pasha, then commanding the Turkish Army on the Danube, and 
was appointed a lieutenant-colonel, under the name of Beyzad Bey. 


In 1854 he took an active part in the passage of the Danube, and the 
Battle of Giurgevo, and was present at various skirmishes before 
Sebastopol in 1855-6. From the Crimea he accompanied the force of 
Omar Pasha to Mingrelia, and was present at the battle and passage of 
the Ingur. For his services he received the English Crimean medal, 
and several Turkish medals and distinctions. He returned to India in 
1857, and was appointed to a command in the state of Rewah, receiving 
the thanks of the Governor-General in Council for his services. 
He was promoted to the rank of colonel in 1862, and to that of major- 
general in 1870. He died at Brussels, and was buried in the cemetery 
of Ixelle. {Mont. Worthies.') 

Hopkin, Lewis, 1708-1771, a poet, was born in Llandyfodwg, 
Glamorganshire. In 1767, in conjunction with Edward Evans, he 
published a rhymed version of the Bnok of Ecelesiastes. His fine 
translation of " Chevy Chase," and several of his poems, appeared in 
various numbers of the " Eurgrawn " for 1770. His poetical works 
were collected and published, under the title of "Y Fel Gafod," 
edited by John Miles, of Pencoed, Llanilid, Glamorganshire (Merthyr 
Tydfil, 1813). This volume also contains a short P]nglish poem by a 
son, described as the Rev. Lewis Hopkin, junior. Two poems on the 
death of the father were written by his friend, Edward Evans (1716- 
1798), and another, composed by Edward Williams (lolo Morganwg), 
was published at Cowbridge, in 1772, under the title " Dagrau 
Awen." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Hopkin, William, 1700-1741, a poet and musician, was a native 
of Llangynwyd, Glamorganshire, and died, as the result of an 
accident, in August, 1741. He was the composer of several songs, 
among tliem being the well-known one, " Myfi sydd fachgen ieuanc 
ffol." The popular air, " Bugeilio'r Gwenith Gwyn," is also attributed 
to him. ( Y Cerddor Cymreig, 1864.) 

Hopkins, Albert, about 1800- , professor of mathematics 
and natural philosophy in Williams College, America, was of Welsh 
descent. In 1832 he established a noon-day prayer meeting for 
half-an-hour four times a week, and maintained it for forty years. 
In the words of Schaff, " acquaintance with Prof. Hopkins was a 
means of grace." {Welshmen as Factors, &c.) 

Hopkins, Esek, 1718-1802, an American naval officer, of 
Welsh descent, was born in Scituate, Rhode Island, U.S.A. He was 
appointed commander-in-chief of the Navy in 1775. He captured a 
British fort at New Providence and several vessels of war in 1775 or 
1776. {Welshmen as Factors, Ac, W. R. Evans ; Lippincott.) 

Hopkins, Stephen, 1707-1785, one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence, came of a Welsh family. His father, 
William Hopkins, of Cardiff, emigrated to America in 1670, and Stephen 
was born in Rhode Island, U.S.A., and was entirely self-taught. He was 
a farmer in his youth, and afterwards a merchant. He was chief justice 
of the Superior Court from 1751 to 1754, and subsequently governor of 
Rhode Island. He wrote and acted against the political course of 
England long before the Revolution, and after having filled important 


oflBces in the State, he became a member of the first Continental 
Congress, remaining a member until 17'.Mt. He wrote a book entitled, 
" Rights of Colonies considered," wliicli was published by oi'der of the 
General Assembly in 1765. {Emvog. C. ; Wales and its People ; 
Lippincott.) See Wales, vol. 1, p. 282. 

Hopkins, William, ITOtJ-lTSG, a clergyman and author, was a 
native of Monmouth, and took his B.A. degree at Oxfonl in 172S. 
After serving several curacies, he was presented to tlie vicarage of 
Bolney, in Sussex. In 17r)8 he was elected Master of the Grammar 
School of Cuckfield, and in 1763 he revised and published " The 
Liturgy of the Church of P]ngland." His last volume, " Exodus, a 
corrected translation ; with notes, critical and explanatory," is con- 
sidered a valuable addition to Scriptural criticism. He also wrote two 
treatises entitled, "Queries recommended to the consideration of the 
Public with regard to the Tliirty-nine Articles," and a " Letter to the 
Rev. Josiah Tucker, dean of Gloucester, occasioned by his Apology for 
the present Church of England." His "Appeal to the Com:non Sense 
of all Christian People " respecting the doctrine of the Trinity, in 
which he sought to adapt Ariau arguments to all capacities, was 
answered by Jones of Nayland, and led to a warm discussion. {Diet. 
Em. W. ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) 

Hopkinson, Francis, 1737-1791, an American author, wit, 
and patriot, who was descended from a Welsh family, was born in 
Philadelphia, U.S.A. He graduated at the college of his native city, 
and chose the profession of the law. Having visited England in 176.5, 
and passed two years there, he returned home, settled at Bordentown, 
and married Miss Annie Borden. From 1774 to 1777 he published 
"The Pretty Story," " The Prophecy," and the " Political Catechism," 
three humorous and popular essays, which contributed to foment the 
spirit of freedom and to prepare the people for national independence. 
He represented New Jersey in the Continental Congress of 1776, and 
signed the Declarati(m of Independence. He was appointed judge of 
the admiralty of Pennsylvania in 1779, and in 1790 judge of the 
district court of the United States. Besides the above essays, he wrote 
" The Battle of the Kegs," a ballad, and others, in prose and verse. 
{Wales and its People; Lippincott.) See Sanderson's Biography 
of the Signers to the Declaration of Independence ; National Portrait 
Gallery of Dinting uisJied Americans, vol. 3 ; Y Brython, v. 5, p. 1.57. 

Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842, an American jurist, and 
author of " Hail, Columbia," was the son of Francis Hopkinson (see 
ante), and was liorn in Philadelphia. He was educated at the 
University of Pennsylvania, studied law, and rose to eminence in his 
profession in his native city. He was the leading counsel for Dr. 
Rush in his famous libel suit against William Cobbett in 1799, and 
was also employed in the trials under the alien and sedition laws 
before Judge Chase in 1800, and in the impeachment of the latter for 
alleged misdemeanour in office during these trials, before the United 
States Senate, in 180.5. From 1815 to 1819 he was a representative in 
Congress, in which he distinguished himself as a speaker, particularly 


in opposition to the United States Bank, and on tlie Seminole war. 
In 1S2S he was appointed by President Adams judge of the United 
Court for the eastern district of Pennsylvania, which position he held 
till his death. {Lippinadt ; Harmsworth.) See Lives of Eminent 
Philadefj)hr(ins, 1 S")'.). 

HO"well, Daniel, 1824-1895, an engineer, was a son of William 
Howell, (if Bont, Dolgadfan, Llanbrynmair, his mother being a sister 
of the Hrst Rev. John Roberts, Llanbrynmair. His only education 
was that of the village school, but by perseverance and self-culture 
he acqnire<l considemble knowledge. He was articled to Mr. Yates, a 
land surveyor, at Whittington, Salop, and in 1851. crossed over to 
America, settling in Cincinnati. In 1859 he removed to Wisconsin, 
where he was engaged as chief engineer on the Milwaukee and La 
Crosse Railroad. He afterwards settled at Toledo, Ohio, where he 
held for twenty years the post of chief engineer at the extensive works 
of the Smith Bridge Company. He stood in the front rank of his 
profession, and took a leading part in the promotion and construction 
of railway schemes. {The Cambrian, 189G, p. 129.) 

HOAvell, David, about 1740- , was a graduate of Prince- 
ton, America, 17()6, and subsequently a professor of mathematics 
and natural philosophy in Rhode Island College " until college 
exercises were suspended, and the school was broken up, by the 
necessities of the Revolutionary War." He was afterwards appointed 
judge, and was regarded as one of the first lawyers of Providence 
County. He was also a member of the Congress of Federation. 
{Welshmen as Factors, <£f.) 

HO'well, David, 1831-19(»3, " Llawdden," a clergyman and 
poet, was a native of Llangan, Glamorganshire, where his father was 
a deacon with the Calvinistic Methodists. At the suggestion of Arch- 
deacon Grifhth, he studied foi- holy orders, and was ordained in 1855. 
After serving as curate at Neath for about eighteen months, he was 
appointed secretary of the Pastoral Aid Society. In 1861 he became 
vicar of Pwllheli, Carnarvonshire ; from 1864 to 1875 he was vicar of 
St. John's, Cardiff ; vicar of Wrexham from 1875 to 1891 ; his last 
promotion being to the deanery of St. David's in 1897. In 1877 Arch- 
bishop Tait conferied upon him the honorary degree of B.D. Among 
the Welshmen of the nineteenth century who sought to discipline the 
taste, direct the culture, and elevate the imagination of their country- 
men, and to impart higher and more patriotic bent to all national 
movements, Dean Howell ranks among the foremost. He was a 
preacher of the evangelical type, and his style of preaching, his 
theological views, and his broad sympathies made him quite as 
popular amongst Nonconformists as among Churchmen. A thorough 
Welsh nationalist of the non-political type, he took a keen interest in 
Welsh movements, and was to the last an enthusiastic follower of the 
eisteddfod. Of him it could with truth be said that he was a great 
man, a great patriot, and a great Christian. He was a most eloquent 
preacher, and his orations on the platform of the National Eisteddfod 
will never be forgotten by those who were privileged to hear them. 


His father, John Howell, of Pencoed, was a poet of no mean order, and 
a volume of his poems appeared in 187i' (Wrexham : Hughes & Son). 
(Bye-Gones, 1903, p. 16.) See Cyinru, v. 27, p. 73, et seq ; Y 
Traethodydd, 1890, pp. 227 and 300; Young Wales, 1902, p. 10; 
Y Geninen, 1903, p. 10.5, et seq, and March, p. 1 ; Ibid, March, 1904, 
p. 42 ; Welsh Religious Lenders in the Victorian Era. 

Hcwell, Griffith, about 1750- , a clergyman, was curate of 
Llanymynech, near Oswestry, from 1784 to 1816. He had a remarkable 
talent for mechanics, and contrived a small drill for sowing any kind 
of grain, two rows at a time, adapted either for broad intervals or for 
equidistant rows of any l)readth. It was also contrived so as to scuffle 
and hoe between the rows. He set up a good lathe for his own use, 
and spent much of his time in mechanical pursuits. Richard Roberts, 
the inventor (see post), received from him his primary instruction in 
the use of the lathe. (Agric. Survey, p. 177.) 

Howell, H. P., 1836-1899, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born at Cemmaes, Montgomeryshire, and emigrated to America 
when a mere lad. In 1867, he accepted a call at Milwaukee, but 
in 1884 removed to Columbus, Ohio, where he remained until his 
death. In 1886 the Rev. W. Roberts, D.D., resigned the editorship of 
the Cyfaill, and Mr. Howell was chosen to undertake the work. He 
ranked among the best Welsh preachers in America. {The Cambrian.) 
See Cymru, vol. 4, p. 125. 

Howell, John, 1774-18.30, "loan Glandyfroedd," a poet, was 
born in the parish of Abergwilly, Carmarthenshire. His parents were 
poor, and at an early age he was apprenticed to a weaver. Having a 
taste for music, he joined the band of the Carmarthenshire Militia, of 
which he liecame fife-major ; his leisure time he spent in supplying 
the deficiency of his education. He made such progress that he was 
appointed headmaster <if the National School at Llandovery. In 1824 
he published a volume entitled " Blodau Dyfed," containing a selection 
of poems by other liards, together with nineteen of his own productions. 
He was a good musician, and rendered valuable service as a teacher of 
psalmody. His poetry contains strong marks of genius, and is written 
with great metrical correctness an<l propriety of tliction. {Diet. Em. W.) 
(Entvog. Cymru.) See Diet. N'at. Biog.; Blodau Dyfed (Carmarthen, 
1824) ; Rolls of the Royal Carmarthen Fusiliers Militia in Public 
Record Office, London ; B. Cerddorion Cymreig. 

HO'Well, John, 1849-1896, a Baptist minister, was a native of 
Carmarthenshire. His early education was scanty, and lie worked 
underground at a colliery at Aberdare whilst quite a boy. In 1870 he 
entered Pontypool College, and at the end of his course of training 
settled as pastor of the Welsh church at Cwmpark, Glamorganshire. 
Two years later he joined the English cause at Tonypandy, leaving 
there in eighteen months to take charge of the English church 
at Mountain Ash, where he S])ent eighteen years. He was a thoughtful 
and earnest jireacher, a painstaking pastor, and an excellent public 
man. He was one of the most prominent members of the Glamorgan- 
shire English Baptist Association, and was held in high repute as a 


journalist. His lectures on Palestine, Brittany, &c., in which countries 
he had travelled much, were vei y popular. {Baptist Handbook, 1896.) 

Ho'well, Pryce, lS27-l',t02, a Congregational minister, was born 
at Pontrobert, Montgomeryshire, and was trained for the ministry at 
Bala College. He was called to take the oversight of churches at Amana 
and Bethmaca in Carnarvonshire, and ordained in 1851. In 185.5 he 
accepted a call from the church at Llanfyllin as co-pastor with the 
Rev. D. Morgan. After two years he removed to Fenian, Pwllheli, and 
in 1862 he settled at Ynysgau, Merthyr Tydfil. He had now developed 
into a powerful and popular preacher. In 1871 the church at Jeru- 
salem, Festiniog, invited him to take its oversight, and there he remained 
till 19()(l, when he resigned his charge. The church at Jerusalem had 
increased very much during his powerful and most evangelical 
ministry. Soon after giving up his charge he removed to Rhuddlan. 
He received every honour that the denomination in Wales could 
bestow upon him. In 1880 he was elected to preach the annual sermon 
for the Welsh Union, and in 1888 he was called to the chair, when he 
delivered a very able and powerful address upon " The Authority of 
Christ in His church." All his sermons, addresses and articles to 
Welsh periodicals were models in conception and composition. A 
volume of his sermons, with a biographical sketch, edited by the Rev. 
Owen Evans, D.D., appeared in l'.)05 (Merthyr Tydfil: Joseph Williams 
& Sons). {Congreg. Year Book, 1903.) 

Howell, Richard P., 1831-1899, a self-made man, was the son 
of Daniel Howell, a small farmer in Montgomeryshire. In 1851 he 
emigrated to America, where he experienced the toil and trials of a 
young man in a new strange land. In course of time he became a 
most successful contractor, and was called upon to fill many honour- 
able positions. For six years he was a member of the Board of 
Supervisors ; for five years was a member of the Board of Education, 
and in 1882 was elected assemblyman from the First District. For 
many years he was a trustee of the Taylor Orphan Asylum, and its 
secretary. He was also connected with the First National Bank for 
several years, and a director for years. (The Cambrian, 1899, p. 233.) 

HOAvell, William, 1705-1775, a poet, was a native of Llangurig, 
Montgomeryshire, but spent the greater part of his life at Llanidloes, 
holding the post of steward or agent of the Berthllwyd Estate for 
many years, and at one time serving the oflBce of chief magistrate of 
that borough. He was a poet of some merit, but is best known as a 
publisher of a series of Welsh almanacks, or annuals, containing, in 
addition to the astronomical notes and other information usually com- 
prised in such publications, original poetry and other literary matter 
of much interest. Ten of these annuals were published under his 
editorship, and attained great popularity. (Mont. Worthies.) 

Hcwells, Anthony, 1832- a self-made man, was born in 
Dowlais, Glamorganshire, and emigrated to America in 1850. He 
became a successful merchant in Youngstown, and was afterwards 
connected with various coal mines. He took a prominent part in 
public affairs, and was State treasurer of Ohio in 1886, and postmaster 
of Massillon in 1889. ( Welshmen as Factors, etc.) 


Howells (David), 1797 -187;^, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born near St. Clears, in Carmarthenshire. He commenced preach- 
ing in ISl."), and soon afterwards settled at Sw.uisea, where he married. 
He afterwards laboured at Pen5'bont, near Llandrindod, for six or 
seven years, as a home missionary, subsequently returning to Swansea, 
where he died. He occupied a very high ami influential position in 
his own denomination, and was highly esteemed generally. He was a 
sound evangelical preacher, always acceptable, and often very effective. 
{Rees' Hist.) 

Howells, Morgan, 1794-18.52, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born in the parish of St. Nicholas, Glamorganshire. When sixteen 
years of age he was apprenticed to a joiner at Newport, Mon., but soon 
afterwards began to preach, attaining a prominent position in the 
denomination. His sermons and essays wei'e edited by the Rev. E. 
Matthews, Ewenny, and published in 185S (Swansea: Rosser A- Williams), 
and his biography, under the title of "Boanerges," written by the Rev. 
E. Morg-an, with an elegy by the Rev. William Thomas (Islwyn), 
appeared in 1853 (Cardiff : W. Owen). (Entvog. C; Cardiff^ Catalogue.) 

Howells, William, 1778-1832, a clergyman and author, was 
born at Llwyn Helyg, near Cowbridge, Glamorganshire. He was 
educated with a view to entering the legal profession, but this intention 
he afterwards abandoned. He went to Oxford in 180U, and while 
there was deeply influenced by the ministry of a Baptist preacher 
named Hinton. On his return to Wales he became intimately 
acquainted with the renowned David Jones, rector of Llangan, and, 
after his ordination in 1804, he became curate of Llangan, where he 
remained, and became deservedly popular, until the death of Mr. Jones 
in 1811. He then removed to London, where he served as curate to the 
Rev. W. Goode, until the death of the latter in 181G. He afterwards 
had charge of the church at Longacre, London, where he became 
extremely popular. He was interred in Trinity Church, Islington, 
where there is a tablet to his memory. In 1834 a volume of his 
sermons, with a memoir by Charles Bowdler, was published. 
(Entvog. C.) See Bye-Gones, 1899, p. 148 ; Ctjmnt 0. J., pp. 643-4 ; 
Y Traethodydd, 1849 ; Memoir by the Rev. E. Morgan ; Fxineral 
Sermon by the Rev. Henry Melville ; Allibone's Diet, of Ejig. Lit., v. 
1, p. 905. 

'jrHow^ells, William, 1818-1888, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born at Cowbridge, Glamorganshire, and educated at local schools. 
He entered Trevecca College at its opening in 1842, and was ordained 
in August 1847. His pastorates were Argyle Church, Swansea ; Zion 
Church, Carmarthen ; and Windsor Street (now Catherine Street), 
Liverpool. In 18G5 he was appointed Principal of Trevecca College. 
Throughout his life-time he dreaded the public eye ; he always leaned 
towards privacy rather than publicity. Whilst others were " careful 
and troubled about many things," such as Presbytery and Synod 
meetings, committee meetings, and official positions in the connexion, 
he kept himself apart in the quietness and seclusion of the home. He 
read and studied the best authors, both ancient and modern ; he also 


enriched our hyranology with some of the finest hymns, and -with 
translations of many beautiful Welsh hymns. Great were the services 
rendered by him to the denomination and to the country as Principal 
of Trevecca College. Being well-educated in his early days, and having 
travelled much outside the Principality, he was intensely alive to the 
need of an educated ministry for Wales, which accounts for his whole- 
hearted devotion to the cause for upwards of 23 years. Principal 
Howells was a nephew of William Howells (1778-18152, see ante). 
{Historical Handbook.) See Y Traethodydd, 1889, p. 168 ; 1' 
Geninen, Mar. 1889, p. 45. 

Howells, William Cooper, 1806-1894, United States Consul, 
was the son of a native of Hay, Breconshire. His grandfather, Thomas 
Howells, was a flannel manufacturer, and his father, who was engaged 
in the same business, emigrated to tlie United States in 1808, settling 
in Jefferson, Ohio. He was engaged in newspaper work from 1830 to 
1874, when he was appointed by President Grant United States Consul 
to Quebec, where he remained for four years, afterwards serving for 
five years at Toronto. He was a member of the Ohio State Senate in 
1864. He left two daughters and four sons, one of whom is William 
Dean Howells, the distinguished novelist. (The Cambrian, 1894, p. 318). 

Hughes, Alfred William, 1861-1900, a surgeon, was born at 
Corris, Merionethshire, and educated at the Dolgelley Grammar School 
and the Universities of Edinburgh, London, and Leipzig. He was the 
author of several important anatomical works and papers in anatomical 
and surgical journals. He was appointed professor of anatomy at 
King's College, London. From small beginnings, with no outside 
interest, by dint of his own hard work, indomitable pluck, and innate 
cleverness, he raised himself to a very high scientific position. 
During the South African War he organised a Welsh military hospital, 
and volunteered for active service. He died of fever contracted in 
South Africa, and was buried at Corris, where a memorial, in the form 
of a Celtic cross, was erected to his memory in 1905. {The Manchester 
Ouardian ; Contfrnporary Portraits.) See Bye-Gunes, 1900, p. 498 ; 
Cymru, vol. 20, p. 181. 

Hughes, Benjamin, 1824-1900, a mining engineer, was born 
at Bryn Mawr, Breconshire. His father, Daniel Hughes, was in 
comfortable circumstances, being foreman at the Nantyglo Ironworks, 
so that he received a good education. He settled in America in 1848, 
and worked as a miner until 1855, when he was appointed foreman of 
the Diamond Mines at Scranton, Pennsylvania. In 1865, he was 
appointed general inside superintendent of several mines in that 
district, which gave employment to 7,000 men and boys. He attained 
a very high position as mining engineer, and was a member ot the 
American Institute of Mining Engineers, and served the State several 
times as a member of the Board of E-xaminers for Mine Inspectors. 
{The Cambrian, 1895, p. 1 ; and 1900, p. 232.) 

Hughes, Catherine, 1732-1813, an authoress, was the daughter 
of the Rev. John Jones, vicar of Llanegryn, Merionethshire, and a 
relative of the celebrated Rhys Jones, of Blaenau. She received the 


best education, and possessed considerable talent, shewing special taste 
for the classics. She also wrote a good deal of poetry and prose. 
{Etiivng. C.) 

Hughes, Charles, 1823-1886, a publislier, was the son of 
Richard Hughes, founder of the firm of Hughes and Son, of Wrexham. 
He was educated at the Fairfield Academy (conducted by liis uncle, 
afterwards well-known as the Rev. John Hughes, Liverpool), and 
suljsequently at the Bridgnorth Grammar School. On leaving school 
he proceeded to London, where he entered the service of the well- 
known publishers, Simpkin, Marshall and Co. There he acquired 
much of the exjjerience which enabled him to extend the business 
established by liis father. Returning to Wrexhum, he joined his 
father, and took a pmminent part in the religious and public life of 
the town. He was an earnest advocate of temperance, and was one of 
the pioneers of the peace mdvement, being selected as a delegate to 
attend an internatimial peace conference, held at Frankfort-on-Maine, 
in 1848. As publishers of Welsh literature and music the firm of 
which he was the head has long been to the fore. (Bye-Gones, 1886, 
p. 33.) 

Hughes, David, 1800-1849, a Congregational minister, was 
born near Amlwch, Anglesey. In 1821 he entered Carmarthen 
College, and afterwards accepted a call to Newport, Mon. He 
remained there until 1839, when he removed to Trelech, in his native 
county, where he was remarkably successful ; during the ten years he 
ministered there the churches under his charge increased by 700. In 
1840 he published a useful catechism, and five years later a pamphlet 
entitled " Eithafion a Chanol y Ffordd." {Emvog. C.) 

Hughes, David, - 1850, a clergyman, was a native of South 

Wales. He was educated at Jesus College, Oxford, and was an 
excellent scholar. In 1808 he was appointed rector of Hirnant, and 
five years later rector of Llanfyllin, Mont., a living which he held for 
37 years. He was one of the public examiners at his University in 
1810-11, and was corrector of the University Press when the corrected 
edition of the Bible was brought out in 1809. He also published a 
visitation sermon, and a small collection of psalms and hymns under 
the title, " Pigion o Salman a Hymnau wedi eu casglu allan o waith 
amryw Awdwyr." (Llandovery : 1847.) {Mont. Worthies ; Cardiff 

Hughes, David, about 1810-1881, "Cristiolus Mon," a musician, 
was a native of Llangristiolus, Anglesey. He was by occupation a 
schoolmaster, and served in that capacity for some years at Rhewl, 
near Ruthin. In 1842, he won an Eisteddfod prize for an anthem, 
" Gweledigaeth loan ; " in 1843, he published "The Sacred Melodist," 
containing his prize anthem, five other anthems, and si.x hj'mn-tunes ; 
and in 1851 appeared his " Athraw Cerddorol " (Musical Teacher), a 
handbook on the elements of music and voice-culture. A great mass 
of his musical compositions remain in MS. {B. Cerddorion Cymreig). 

Hughes, David, 1813-1872, a Congregational minister, was 
born in the parish of Llanddeiniolen, near Carnai-von, and began to 


preach in 1832. He studied at Hackney College, and afterwards at 
the University of Glasgow, where he graduated B.A. with honours, 
and read theology under Dr. Wardlaw. He was ordained in 1841, at 
St. George's, near Abergele. In 184.5 he removed to St. Asaph, where 
he bec.mie part editor of Y Beimiadur, and projected his chief work, 
a Welsh Scriptural and theological dictionary. In 184G he settled at 
Great Jackson Street Church, Hulme, and in 18.55 became minister of 
Saron Chajiel, Tredegar, where he laboured till his death. He wrote a 
large number of articles for Y Givi/ddotiiadur, and edited and enlarged 
the English and Welsh Dictionary of Thomas Edwards (Caerfallwch), 
1861-4. He also published a handbook on Geography, under the title 
" Elfenau Daearyddiaeth " (Bethesda : R. Jones, 1851)). A second 
edition of his Theological Dictionary, edited by the Revs. John Peter 
and Thomas Lewis, was published by W. Hughes, Dolgelley, 1875-9. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog.) ^i^e Cungng. Year Book, l'61Z\ Cardiff Catalogue; 
Y Geninm, M;;rch, 1890. p. 49. 

Hughes, David, 1820-1904, a self-made man, and a prominent 
Calvinistic Methodist, was born at Cemaes, Anglesey, and received but 
a moderate education. On leaving school he was apprenticed to a 
carpenter, and, hearing of the success of some compatriots in Liverpool, 
he made his way there to seek his fortune. By dint of thrift, honesty 
and industry in the building line he succeeded beyond his most 
sanguine expectations. \'ery soon he rose to be one of the leading 
operators in house and warehouse property, amassing a large fortune. 
He was a generous subscriber to all philanthropic movements ; was 
placed on the commission of the peace in Liverpool and Anglesey, and 
in 1886 was high sheriff of his native county. {Liverpool Echo.) See 
The Monthbj Treasur;/, 1902, p. 243 : Cymru, v. 15, p. 121. 

Hughes, David Edward, 1830-1900, electrician and 
inventor, was born in London, and in his youth emigrated to 
America. His father, David Hughes, was the son of Robert Hughes, 
bootmaker, of Bala. At an early age David Edward displayed 
a talent for music, and in 1849 he became professor of music at St. 
Joseph's College, Bardstown, Kentucky, where he had been educated. 
He took a great interest in experimental science, and this led to his 
undertaking the teaching of natural philosophy. It was during his 
tenure of the double oliice that the idea of his type-printing telegraph 
occurred to him. This was completed and patented in 1855. It was 
afterwards adopted by the American Telegraph Co. and most of the 
continental governments, but in England Hughes did not meet with 
the reception he ex}iected. In 1877 he settled in London, and devoted 
much of his time to experimental work with apparatus which he 
himself had constructed. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal 
Society, and received the Society's gold medal and many other decora- 
tions and honours. He also invented the microphone (1878) and the 
induction balance (1879). {Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Harmaivurth). See 
Lippincdtt ; Journ. Inst. Ehetr. Eng., v. 29, p. 951 ; Electr. Rev. v. 
46, p. 185 ; Prescott's Electricity and the Electric Tel., 7th ed., v. 2, p. 
603, ft. seq. ; Pi'eece & Sivewright's Telegraphy ; Preece A: Staubbs' 
Telephony ,• Fabrie's Hist, of Wireless Telegraphy, p. 289. 





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KiiWAiM. Hnuii-.s, LiJ 


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riinv Dki.'kki. Ill 


Hughes, Sir Edward, about 1720-1794, a naval officer, was 
born at Hereford, of Welsli parentage, and entered the navy at an 
early age. In 1740 Admiral Vernon promoted him to the rank of 
lieutenant, as a reward for the valour he had displayed at the capture 
of Porto Bello. He was appointed to the command of the " Lark " in 
1747, and eight years afterwards he was in command of the "Deal 
Castle." In 1778 he was made a rear admiral of the blue, got a chief 
command in the East Indies, and was honoured with the Order of the 
Bath. He became an admiral in 179.''.. The story of his stirring life, 
his gallantry, his successes, and his sufferings, is well narrated in the 
account of the British Admirals. He had gained much wealth in 
India, and died at Luxborough, in Essex. {Bye-Gones, 1879, p. 236 ; 
Harmsworth.) See Ekins' Naval Battles of Great Britain, pp. 180- 
98; Diet. Nat. Biog.; Ralfe's Nav. Biog., v. 1, p. 137; Naval 
Chronicle, v. 9, p. 85 ; Charnock's Biog. Nav., v. 6, p. 65 ; Beatson's 
Nav. and Mil. Memoirs, v. 5, pp. 561-615. 

Hughes, Edward, 1773-1850, "Y Dryw," a clergyman and 
poet, was a native of Merionethshire, and for some years was 
chaplain on a man-of-war. He afterwards became rector of Llan- 
ddulas, and, in 1818, of Bodfari, near Denbigh, where he died. 
He was an excellent scholar, and graduated M.A. He wrote a good deal 
of poetry of a high order. His ode on " Elusengarweh " (Almsgiving), 
secured the chair prize at the Denl)igh Eisteddfod in 1819. This 
award provoked considerable comment, the prevalent idea being that 
the premier place should have been given to David Owen (Dewi Wyn 
o Eifion). Hughes was also awarded prizes at the Denbigh Eisteddfod, 
1828, for odes on " Boadicea '' and " Agriculture," together with the 
prize of the Cymmrodorion Society, in 1822, for a poem on " Hu 
Gadarn," the patriarch of the Cymry. A song of his is published in 
Y Brytlion, vol. 2, p. 232, asi English translation being given on p. 
283 ; and two other poems are printed in " Ceinioti Awen y Cymry." 
His ode on " Almsgiving " is published as an appendix to an essay on 
" The Antiquities of Glyn Neath," by Taliesin Williams (Aberdare : 
J. Howell, 1886). (Enivog. C; 'Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y 
Traethodydd, 1900, p. 273 ; Nodweddiad y Cymry, p. 268 ; Informa- 
tion furnished by the Rev. S. F. Phillips, rector of Bodfari. 

Hughes, Edward, - 1862, " Eos Maldwyn," son of William 

Hughes (1798-1866, sqq post), was also, like his father, an accomplished 
performer on the harp. Among many other Eistedilfodic honours, he 
won a grand Welsh harp at the Abergavenny Eisteddfod, with a silver 
medal, presented by Lady Hall (afterwards Lady Llanover). {Mont. 

Hughes, Edward, 1821-1894, a schoolmaster, author, and 
musician, was a son of the Rev. Wm. Hughes, a Wesleyan minister, 
and was born at Dolgelley, Merionethshire. He was educated at 
Machynlleth, Bristol, and Cardiff, and after following the trade of 
cabinet-maker for some years, he entered the College at Brecon, 
and in 1849 settled at Llechryd, about two miles from Cardigan, where 
he established a very successful school. He was the author of a useful 


" English Grammar," and also published "A Manual of Words curiously 
derived, iuv the use of Students of the English Language," and a 
collection of dialogues and recitations. In 18G2 he secured prizes at 
the Carnarvon National Eisteddfod for a poem on "The Drunkard," 
and an essay on " The Welsh Language." He also wrote essays on 
"The Best Method of Teaching Welsh Children the English Language," 
" The Migration of the Celts," and " The Translation of the Welsh 
Bible." He composed a number of tunes. (Gymrn, vol. 32, p. 253.) 
See Y Geninm, Mar. 1895, p. Gl ; Y Cerddor, LS94, p. 48 ; Yr 
Eisteddfod, vol. 1, p. 75, for his essay on " The Best Method of Teaching 
Welsh," &c. 

Hughes, Ezekiel, 1767-1849, the first Welsh settler in Ohio, 
was the second sfm of Richard and Mary Hughes, of Cwmcarnedd, 
Llanbj-ynmair. He was placed in a school at Shrewsbury for some 
time, and, when 18 years of age, was apprenticed to a clockmaker 
and jeweller at Machynlleth. Having finished his apprenticeship, 
he determined to seek a home in the far West. After having visited 
several Welsh settlements in Pennsylvania, he made his way 
to Fort Washington, now Cincinnati, where he was very successful. 
In 1805, he was appointed by the Governor of Ohio, with 
two others, to plan and make a road from the mouth of the 
Miami to Hamilton, Ohio, and in the following year was made 
a Justice of the Peace. President Harrison was one of his intimate 
friends and a near neighbour, and both laboured together as teachers 
in the same Sunday School. Throughout his life he cherished 
with great fondness his native Welsh language, and the religious 
princijiles of his youth. He delighted in reading Welsh books, and 
was always particularly kind to Welsh emigrants, hundreds of whom 
owed not a little to his timely assistance and advice. {Mont. 

Hughes, Francis W., about 1810- , an American lawj-er, 

was the son of John Hughes, whose ancestors emigrated from Wales. 
In 1834 he commenced the study of law in Pottsville, completing his 
studies in Philadelphia. He was admitted in 1837, and soon proved 
himself a master of his profession. In 1839 he was appointed deputy 
attorney general, a position which he held for eleven years. He had 
few equals as a nisi prins lawyer. He was also famous for the 
argument of cases in the Supreme Courts, on appeal. ( Welshmen as 
Factors, Ac.) 

Hughes, Griffith, about 1707- , a clergyman and naturalist, 

is believeil to have been the son of Edward Hughes, of Towyn, 
Merionethshire. He matriculated at St. John's College, O.xford, 
in 1729, and graduated M.A. in 1748. He became rector of St. 
Lucy's, Barbadoes, and published by subscription a " Natural History 
of Barbadoes," 314 pp. with map and 29 plates. He contributed a 
paper, " A zoophyton resembling the tiower of the marigold," to the 
" Philosophical Transactions " for 1743, p. 590. He was elected a 
Fellow of the Royal Society in 1750, the year in which he published 


his work on Barbadoes. {Did. Nat. Biog.) See Foster's Alumni 

Hughes, Henry Bailey, 1833- ISS7, a Roman Catholic priest, 
■was the eldest son of the Rev. Howell Hughes, rector first of Trefriw, 
near Llaiirwst, and afterwards of Rhoscolyn, Holyhead, and belonged 
to an old family long resident at Llwyn Pantdu and Cochwillan, in 
the parish of Llanllechid, near Bangor. Born at Carnarvon, when hia 
father was curate of that town, he joined the Roman Catholic Church 
at the age of IG. Soon afterwards he entered the Dominican College 
at Lisbon, where he later on Ijecame professor. He then travelled on 
a preaching tour through Spain, Portugal, Belgium, and Italy, and was 
selected to preach at the great Vatican Council at Rome. For six 
months he was in Africa, with episcopal jurisdiction, instructing the 
natives in their own language, but his health gave way when he was 
about to be consecrated bishop. He subsequently had charge of a 
Portugese congregation at Boston, U.S.A. He there founded many 
convents and orphanages. He finally returned to Wales, and settled 
in the island of St. Tudwal's, off the Carnarvonshire coast. Father 
Hughes was an e.xcellent linguist, and could preach in several 
languages. He composed a number of Welsh hymns, which his 
musical talent and powerful voice enaljled him to lead his auditory in 
singing with effect. In early life he published a work entitled "A 
Romance of the Holy Wars." (Byc-Gones, 1888, p. 36 ; Information 
from the Rev. Father Jones, Carnarvon.) See .4 Sketch of the Life 
and Labours of Father Hughes, by J. H. Matthews, 1890 ; Cymru, 
V. 31, p. 39. 

Hughes, Hugh, 1693-1776, "Y Bardd Coch," a poet and 
antiquary, was born at Llwydiarth Esgob, near Llanerchymedd, 
Anglesey. His early education was somewhat neglected, but having 
good natural abilties, he soon made up the deficiency. He became a 
good Welsh scholar, and wrote several poems in Welsh and English. 
His poems, together with those of two other Anglesey bards, were 
published in a volume entitled " Diddanwch Teuluaidd ; neu Waith 
Beirdd Mon.'' They were also pulilished in 1879 by Isaac Foulkes 
(Liverpool) in a small volume, with poems of Lewis Morris and Robert 
Hughes (Robin Ddu o Pon). He translated "The Laws of Natural 
Morality," and other English works, into Welsh. He was a diligent 
collector of old Welsh MSS., some of which appeared in the volume of 
" lolo Manuscripts" published in 1848. (Diet. Bin. W.; Cardiff 
Catalogue; Gwaith Beirdd Mon.) See Enwog. C; Hanes Lien. O.; 

Y Brython, v. 1, sec. edn., p. 34 ; Yr Adolijgydd, v. 1, p. 200 ; 

Y Geninen, March, 1888, p. 61 ; " F Piser Hir," at Swansea Library ; 
Biographical sketch prefixed to Diddanwch Teuluaidd, ed. 1817 ; 
Llyfrydd. y Cymry ; Works of Goronwy Owen (Rev. R. Jones), v. 1, 
p. 80 ; Y Geninen, March, 1904, p. 60. 

Hughes, Hugh, 1778-1855, a Wesleyan minister, was born at 
Llannor, near Pwllheli, Carnarvonshire, and while in the employ of a 
gentleman, near Liverpool, in 1805, he was converted, and in the 
following year commenced to preach. He exercised his ministry with 


remarkable acceptance and success, chiefly in South Wales, and in 1834, 
he was chosen one of the " legal hundred," an honour never before 
conferred on a Welsh minister. He translated some portions of 
Wesley's '• Notes on the New Testament," into Welsh ; published 
several pamphlets, and was for some time editor of the Eurgrawn 
Wesk-yaidd. (Bees' Hist.) See G. B., v. 1, p 551 ; Eniuog. y F/ydd, 
V. 4, p. 432 ; Cufiant Hugh Hughes (Carmarthen : W. Spurrell, 1856) ; 
Entvog. C. 

Hughes, Hugh, 1790-1863, artist, was born near Llandudno. 
He was apprenticed to an engraver in Liverpool, removing afterwards 
to London as improver, taking lessons also in oil-painting. He was 
a radical in religion and politics, and signed a petition in favour of the 
passing of the Catholic Emancipation Bill. The London elders of the 
Calvinistic Methodist body, to which he belonged, thereupon expelled 
him, an act which he denounced in Seren Gomer, 1828-30. He 
married a daugher of the Rev. David Charles, of Carmarthen. His 
chief wood-cuts appear in his " Beauties of Cambria." In his know- 
ledge of natural form and masterly handling of the graver, he has been 
compared to Bewick. He also published a volume of Welsh antiqui- 
ties, and other works. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Bye-Onnes, 1903, 
p. 129; Red Dragon, May, 1887; Seven Gamer, 1828-32; IV 
Ymofynydd, 1890 ; Wales, v. 3, pp. 316 and 353 ; Cymrii, v. 8, p. 21, 
et seg, for interesting extracts from his diary of a tour through Wales. 

Hughes, Hugh, 1805-1864, " Tegai," a poet, was born in the 
parish of Llandegai, near Bangor. He first joined the Wesleyans, but 
afterwards returned to the Congregationalists, with whom he had 
worshipped as a boy. He became well known as a powerful preacher. 
He set up a printing press of his own, and edited " Yr Arweinydd," 
a penny monthly, for many years. He was a very voluminous writer, 
and contributed largely to the current magazines. He competed fre- 
quently and successfully at eisteddfodau, and often acted as adjudi- 
cator. His principal works are those on " Logic," an Introduction to 
Welsh Grammar, and his " Grammadeg Athronyddol." (Diet. Nat. 
Biog.) See Enwog. C; Y Geninen, v. 5, p. 261 ; Ibid, v. 7, pp. 100, 
179; Hanes Lien'. G.; Y Traethodydd, 1903, p. 295; Adgof uwch 
Anghof, p. 342 ; Y Geninen, 1887, p. 264 ; Ibid, 1889, p. 100, et. seq. 

Hughes, Hugh, 1825-1898, " Cad van Gwynedd," a poet, was a 
native of North Wales, and was well known in Eisteddfodic circles. 
He was one of the first to advocate the establishment of a Welsh 
colony in Patagonia ; he was a member of the first company that went 
out, and was for many years a memljer of the council of the colony. 
He also, on several occasions, filled the office of President of the 
Colony. He was a frequent contributor to the Dravod, the organ of 
the Welsh people in Patagonia. (Bye-Gones, 1898, p. 406.) 

Hughes, Hugh Derfel, 1816-1890, " Huw Derfel," a poet and 
prose writer, was a native of Llandderfel, near Bala, but when young 
he removed to the neighbourhood of the Penrhyn Quairies, Bethesda, 
where he obtained employment. Later on, he became a machine-man, 
and as his duties were not onerous, he employed the respite from 


labour in self-improvement. He wrote a good deal of poetry, and 
several Jiymns, the best-known being " Y Cyfamod Disigl " (the 
Immovable Covenant), which has been translated into English. His 
"Hynafiaethau Llandegai a Llanllechid," puljlished in 1866 by R. Jones, 
Bethesda, is a very interesting booli. He spent a good deal of time in 
compiling a "Dictionary of Welnh Names," and had collected hundreds 
of names which he described as " much more pleasing in sound than 
the prevailing names, and much better suited, as distinctive names, 
than Edward, William, Thomas, &c." but the collection does not seem 
to have been published. {Byr-Gones, 18i'4, p. 398.) See Gi/mru, v. 9, 
p. 83 ; Y Genineiu Mch. 1893, p. 19 : Geinion Lien. G., \. 2, p. 383 ; 
Ci/mru, V. 4, pp. 129, 177 ; Wales, v. 1, p. 10, for English translation 
of " The Immovable Covenant." 

Hughes, Hugh J., -1872, a musician, was born near Bala, 

and, about 1848, emigrated with his parents to New York. He was a 
very popular, and a prolific composer. Several of his works 
were published in America. He won a prize at the Utica Eisteddfod, 
in 1859, for an essay on the music of the sanctuary, and published 
several volumes of music. (B. Cerddorion Cymreig), 

Hughes, Hugh Price, 1847-1902, a Wesleyan minister, was 
born at Carmarthen, where his father, Mr. John Hughes, practised as a 
surgeon. He was educated at the University College, London, and at 
the Wesleyan Theological College, Richmond, Surrey. In a few years 
after entering upon the ministry he commenced his long and note- 
worthy labours in connection with the West London Mission, and 
soon became the leading exponent of what was known as the "Forward 
Movement " in Methodism. He was editor of the Methodist Times 
from 1885, anil was the author of " Social Christianity," " Ethical 
Christianity," " Essential Christianity," and other volumes. In 1898, 
he was elected president of the Wesleyan Conference. He was an 
able, zealous man, of intensely strong convictions, and took a leading 
part in various public movements. Probably no Welshman was more 
to the front in the religious life of England, during the latter part of 
the nineteenth century, than Hugh Price Hughes. (G. & D. Herald.) 
See Gynirii, v. 16, p. 77 ; Hugh Price Hughes as we knew him (1902) ; 
his Life, by his daughter, Dorothea Price Hughes (London : Hodder & 

Hughes, James, 1779-1844, " lago Trichrug," a Calvinistic 
Methodist preacher, and author, was a native of Cardigansliii-e. At an 
early age, he went to Deptford, near London, where he found employ- 
ment in the Dockyard, first as striker then as blacksmith. He began 
to preach in 1810, being ordained six years later. When he left Wales, 
his knowledge of English was very limited, l)ut he soon became an 
excellent Latin, Greek, and Hebrew scholar. He is best known as the 
author of a commentary on the Bible. He commenced with the New 
Testament in 1829, and completed it in 1835. Three years later, his 
commentary on the Old Testament appeared, being puljlished in five 
volumes. He also translated into Welsh a number of pamphlets on 
religious subjects, among them being Watson's " The Lord's Supper." 


He was a poet of considerable merit, and in addition to composing a 
number of beautiful hymns, he translated " Darkness " (Byron) ; " The 
Bard" (Grey), and " The Grave " (Blair). Mr. Hughes was buried at 
Bunhill Fields, London, where a monument was erected to his 
memory in July, 1907. {Enivog. C.) See Enivog. y Ffijdd, v. 2, p. 
432 ; Hanes Lien. G. Several of his poems are to be found in Seren 
Gamer for 1820, 1821, 1822. 

Hughes, John, 1775-1851, of Pontrobert, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister, was born in the parish of Llanfihangel, Montgomeryshire. 
For some time he kept a day-school, and, in 1880, began to preach. 
Having had hut few educational advantages, he, by dint of hard study, 
not only mastered the English language, Init acquired some knowledge 
of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. He, indeed, partly compiled for his 
own use a Welsh-Greek Dictionary, whicli still remains in MS. He 
was long considered one of the leaders of the Calvinistic Metliodists in 
Wales. His sermons, many of which are published, were vigorous, 
terse, and lucid. His appearance was uncouth, his personal habits 
slovenly, and his voice somewhat harsh, but, notwithstanding these 
disadvantages, he displayed much power in the pulpit, and possessed 
great influence over his brethren. It is chiefly to him and his wife 
that Wales owes the preservation of the hymns of Ann Griffiths. He 
wrote the biographies of Abraham Jones, Aber-Rhaiadr, and John 
Price, Trefeglwys. He also contributed several able articles to the 
Traethodydd, and was the author of many hymns, among them 
" Bywyd y meirw, tyr'd i'n plith," " Duw ymddangosodd yn y cnawd," 
" ! anfon Di yr Ysbryd Glan," and " ! deff ro, deffro, gwisg Dy 
nerth." {Mont. Worthies; Cardiff' Catalogue.) See Enwog. y 
Ffydd, vol. 2, p. 128; Hanes Lien. G.-, Y Traethodydd, 1891, p. 97 ; 
Ihid, 1890, p. 304 : Cyinra, v. 30, p. 327 ; Goleuad Gwynedd, v. 1, 
p. 144 ; Y Drysorfa, 179'.) and 1819 ; Y Cronicl, 1849, p. 318. 

Hughes, John, 1776-1843, a Wesleyan minister and author, was 
the son of a Brecon tradesman. He received a good education, and 
became a local preacher with the Wesleyans. In 1796, he was 
appointed a minister on the Cardiff Circuit, afterwards removing to 
the Vale of Clwyd. He suljsequently had charge of the Welsh 
Wesleyan mission at Liverpool and Manchester, and, at the latter end 
of his life, resided as a supernumerary at Knutsford, Cheshire. He 
was awarded several prizes, including three silver medals, for his 
literary productions. His works include "A Plea for Religious 
Liberty ; " " Horffi Britannic;e ; or Studies in Ancient British Histor}' " 
(2 vols.) ; " Theological Essays and Discourses on the Nature and 
Obligations of Public Worship " ; " An Essay on tlie Ancient and 
Present State of the Welsh Language" ; " Memoir of Miss Pedmore, of 
Knutsford," and " The Memoir and Remains of the Rev. Mr. Fussel, 
Wesleyan minister." He also left several works in MS. one of which — 
"Historical Triads," translated, with notes — was deposited in the British 
Museum. His " Hor<e Britanniea;," is regarded as a valuable contribu- 
tion to the early church history i-)f oui- country, and received the 
approval of Dr. Burgess and other distinguished arch.eologists. {Diet. 
Em. W.) See Y Bywgraff'ydd Wesleyaidd, p. 121 ; Enwog. C. ; 


Hen. G. ; Wesleyan Methodist Jfagr., March, ]<S47 ; The Cambro- 
Britun, V. 2, \>y. 122, 315, and 415. 

Hughes, John, 1787-1860, a clergyman, was born about eight 
miles from Aberystwyth, and was ordained priest in 1811 by the 
Bishop of St. Asaph. His first curacy was Llandrillo, Carnarvonshire ; 
in 1817, he accepted a curacy at Foleshill, near Coventry, where he 
was remarkably successful ; he afterwards removed to Deddington, 
Oxford ; and was iiually prei'ei-red to the vicarage of Llanbadarn-fawr, 
Cardiganshire, soon afterwards being appointed archdeacon. He was 
a powerful preacher, and a fine platform speaker. During his stay at 
Deddington he travelled a good deal on behalf of the British and 
Foreign Bible Society. He composed a number of hymns, and 
published volumes of his sermons in English and Welsh. He also 
translated Henry's and Scott's " Commentary " as far as Deuteronomy ; 
and Bishop Hall's " Meditations of the New Testament." {G.B.) See 
Enwog. G. ; Hanes Lien. G. ; Y Brython, v. ;i, p. 448 ; His Biography, 
by the Rev. R. Hughes, prefixed to sermons, 1864 ; Y Gcninen, 
1897, p. 35 ; Enicogion Sir Aberteifi. 

Hughes, John, 1790-1857, an author and artist, was the grandson 
of the Rev. Thomas Hughes, LL.B., vicar of Llansilin, and a son of the 
Rev. Dr. Hughes, prebendary of St. Paul's. He began his school life 
at Ruthin, and graduated M.A. at Oxford. He published in 1822 an 
" Itinerary of Provence and the Rhone " (with good etchings by 
himself), which was praised by Sir Walter Scott. He also wrote some 
poetical pieces. He was celebrated by Christopher North as " Buller 
of Brazenose." Thomas Hughes, the author of " Tom Brown's 
Schooldays" (1823-1896, see post), was his son. (Bye-Gones, 1882, 
p. 115; Lippincutt; Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Diet. Nat. Biog.; Gent. 
Mag., 1858, 3rd ser., v. 4, p. 225; Hughes' Memoir of a Brother; 
Miss Mitford's Recollections; Burke's Landed Gentry, 1868, s.v. 
Hughes of Domiingtnn Priory ; Brit. Mus. Cat. 

Hughes, John, 1796-1860, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, was born near Wrexham, and began to preach when 17 years 
of age. For some years he kept a verj' successful grammar school at 
Wrexham, turning out quite a large number of students for the 
ministry. He spent the last twenty-two years of his life as minister in 
Liverpool, and attained a leading position in the denomination. He 
was a constant contributor to the Welsh magazines, and was the author 
of several volumes, but his principal work is iiis Welsh history of 
Methodism, published in three volumes l)y Hughes, Wrexham, 1851-4. 
This is a standard work, and met with a gratifying reception. (G.B.). 
See Trans. Nat. Eist., Liverpool, 1884 ; His Biog. by Revs. Roger 
Edwards and John Hughes ; Y Geninen, 1906, p. 157. 

Hughes, John, 1805-1883, a barrister, was the youngest son of 
Mr. William Hughes, of Penyclawdd, Denbighshire, and completed 
his studies at Edinburgh University. He was called to the bar at the 
Inner Temple, and was appointed liy the Foreign Office English 
Secretary to the Mixed Commission, under Sir Rutherford Alcock, for 
the settlement of the claims of the Portuguese Government of the 


British legion commanded by Sir De Lacy Evans. He was sent twice 
to Sweden in the interests of the firm of Overend & Gurney, as also to 
the Danish Government, to obtain the restitution of a considerable sum 
which had been advanced previous to the Danish-German War, in 
which mission he was successful. He was a ripe scholar, and a true 
Celt, devoted to everj'thing Welsh, and loving the land and its history. 
He married, first, his relative, Dorothea, eldest surviving daughter of 
Mr. Richard Huglies Lloyd, of Plymog, Denbighshire, and secondly, 
Phillippa Swinnerton, youngest daughter of Mr. Robert Lucas de 
Pearsall, the eminent composer. (Bye-Gones, 1883, p. 274.) 

Hughes, John, -1889, an inventor, was a native of Merthyr, 

and at an early ;ige entered the Penydarren, CJyfarthfa and Ebbw Vale 
works. He afterwards established a mechanical factory at Newport, 
Mon. Subsequently he was director for many years of tlie Millwall Iron 
and Shipbuilding Works, where he invented the hollow stringer, and 
constructed the celebrated Millwall Shield, which withstood the tests 
better than any other armour in England. This invention brought 
him into connection with the Russian Government, and lie went to 
South Russia on a tour of inspection of the rich mineral deposits of 
that country. In 18(J'J he formed a company for carrying out an 
important Russian Government contract, which resulted in the found- 
ing of the New Russia Company's Iron and Steel Works, near Mariopol, 
and the Sea of Azoff. From there was supplied all the material for 
the Russian railways from St. Petersburg to Samarcand. Out of 
compliment to the founder of the industry, the Russian Goverment 
gave the name of " Hughesovka " to the town. He died on the 29th 
June, 1899, leaving behind him a high reputation for industry, 
business enterprise, and exceptional natiu-al talents. (C. <i- D. Herald). 

Hughes, John, 1825-1890, a Congregational minister, was born 
at The Struett, Brecon. When young he removed to Brynmawr, and 
here he began to preach when he was twenty-one years of age. After 
spending four years at i^rivate schools he was, in 1850, oi-dained pastor 
of the Congregational church at Bethel, Victoria, Monmouthshire, 
where he laboured faithfully for two and a half years. Towards the 
end of the year 1852, he accepted a unanimous call to the pastorate of 
Y Foel, Llanerfyl and Beersheba, in Montgomeryshire, to which was 
shortly added Dolanog, which he afterwards relinquished, and took 
the care of Beulah, Nantyrarian. He afterwards laboured successively 
at Hanley ; Aber and Talybont, in his native county ; Llangadock and 
Tabor, in Carmarthenshire, and Penmorth, Brecknockshire. He 
possessed a pure character ; a warm heart ; an active spirit, and an 
eloquent tongue. He gave himself heartily and unsparingly to the 
work of the ministry, and was the author of some treatises and 
sermons, which he published at the request of his ministerial brethren. 
{Congrcg. Year Book, 1891.) 

Hughes, John, 1827-189.3, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, was born at Llanerchymedd, Anglesey, commenced life as a 
shoemaker, and entered Bala College, where he remained till 1852. 
His first pastorate was Menai Bridge, and during a stay of four or five 


years he became a very popular preacher. He then accepted the 
pastorate at Fitzclarenee Street, Liverpool, where he remained ;50 years, 
during which time he attained a high rank in tiie Connexion. He was 
moderator of the North Wales Association in 1871, and of the General 
Assembly in 1880, and received the degree of D.D. from an Ameri an 
University. In 1888, he removc'd to Eugeili, Carnarvon, continuing 
there till his death. Perhaps the most prominent characteristic of his 
preaching was fulness. He was a weighty preacher, and influenced the 
people, not so much by the beauty of his ideas, as by what may be 
called weight, or mass. His theology was mainly Puritan, and this 
would account in a measure for his massiveness. He was an able and 
prolific prose writer, and besides contributing a number of articles to 
the Traethudydd, and other magazims, he was the author of three 
Welsh books of high repute :— " The Unity of the Bilile " (186G) ; "The 
Ministry " (187'.l) ; " History of Doctrine" (1883). He also translated 
Butler's "Analogy" into Welsh. His biography (Welsli), was written 
by the Rev. John Williams (Liverpool : Isaac Foulkes). (C. tt D. 
Herald; Y Genineii, 1894, p. 13, and March, p. 37.) See Y Oeninen, 
18'J7, 18a ; Ibid, l',IU6, p. 2(51. 

Hughes, John, 183G -1898, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, was 
born at Rhosesmoi-, Flintshire, and from his youth he had to work 
hard, his father, a miner, not being in a position to give him much 
education. At the age of 21 he removed to Liverpool, where he 
attended a night school, and afterwards a training college for students, 
with a view to entering the ministry. After a few years, he became 
a city missioner in Liverpool, and in the discharge of his duties he 
displayed the sterling qualities which made his sulisequent pastorate 
so successful. In 18GfJ he accepted a call to Carneddau, Cefn Canol, 
Rhiwlas, Llansilin, and Creiglwyn, a group of cliurches near Oswestry. 
He afterwards resigned the pastorate of three of the churches, and 
devoted himself to the work at Carneddau and Creiglwyn. He was an 
excellent preacher, having a style characteristic of himself, and 
" Hughes, Carneddau " was a household word in the Calvinistic 
Methodist Church. He received repeated calls to undertake the 
pastorate of large churches in London and elsewhere, but always 
declined the tempting offers. He was buried in Zion Chapel burial- 
ground, Oswestry. (Bye-Gones, 1898, p. 338.) 

Hughes, John, 1842 - 1902, " Glanystwyth," a Wesleyan minister, 
poet and author, was born near Aberystwyth, and was called to the 
ministry in 1868, Abenlare being his first circuit. He spent the last 
few years of his life at Bangor. He was a man of high intellectual 
abilities and great moral force, and became one of the best known and 
most popular preachers of his denomination. He took a prominent 
part in the formation and inauguration of the Welsh Wesleyan 
Assembly. He filled with efhciency the olKce of Welsh Book Steward 
and Editor, and was at the time of his death president-elect of the 
Assembly. He was editor of the Eurgraivn Weslei/aidd, and also one 
of the editors of the new Welsh Wesleyan hymn-book. Among his 
works may be mentioned " Oesau Boreu'r Byd " (The Early Ages of 
the World), (Holywell : P. M. Evans & Son, 1892) ; a Welsh "Life of 


Christ" (1891) ; a " Life of the Rev. Isaac Jones," and a volume of 
sermons (Welsh) entitled " The Image of the Heavenly." He was 
also widely known as a poet, and at the time of his death was engaged 
on an epic poem on St. Paul. {G. .fc D. Herald; Minutes <if Conference, 
I90:i) See Y Geninen, 1902, p. 145, et seq. 

Hughes, John, -1906, a self-made man, was a native of 

Aberdaie, and was apprenticed to the tailoring trade in that town. 
He emigrated to America at an early age, and settled at Wilkesbarre. 
Starting with a small tailor's shop, he gradually Jjuilt up a very 
extensive busines.s, and died exceedingly wealthy. He was the 
composer of several congregational tunes, and was an accomplished 
instrumentalist. He was a thoroughly patriotic Welshman, and was 
ever ready to assist his less fortunate fellow-countrymen. {The 
Western Mail, 10th March, 1906.) 

Hughes, John Ceiriog, 1832- 1887, the greatest of Welsh lyric 
poets, was born at Pen-y-bryu, Llanarmon, Denbighshire. In 1848, 
he entered the employ of a printer at Oswestry, proceeding in the 
following year to Manchester, where he found employment as clerk in 
the goods office at London Road Station. In 1865 he was appointed 
station-master at Llanidloes, and, after two other changes, lie removed, 
in 1871, to Caersws, in Montgomeryshire, where he died. It was at 
the Llangollen Eisteddfod, in 1858, that he at once secured a foremost 
position among tho lyric poets of Wales by his exquisite composition 
on " Myfanwy Fychan," which is not excelled by any other poem in 
the language. The literature of Wales and its ancient institution — the 
eisteddfod — had no more devoted supporter than Ceiriog, and he did 
much to elevate both. His verse is always true to nature, always 
pure, always simple. His patriotic notes are stirring and strong ; 
everything Welsh kindled his imagination, and gave him inspiration. 
He was one of our first poets to practice humour without coarseness, 
and gaiety without flippancy. There was hardly any eisteddfod of 
importance in his day with which his name was not associated, either 
as competitor or adjudicator. His adjudications were, as a rule, 
carefully written out, ami are still greatly valued. Several volumes of 
his poems were published, including " Oriau'r Hwyr," " Oriau'r 
Boreu," " Cant o Ganeuon," " Oriau Eraill," and " Oriau'r Hat." He 
wrote a large numlier of scmgs for old Welsh melodies, thus rendering 
to the national airs ol Wales service similar to that of Burns in 
Scotland, and of Moore in Ireland. About fifty of these are published 
in "The Songs of Wales" (Brinley Richards). (Diet. Nat. Biog.) 
See Y Traethodydd, 1888, p. 417; Gymru, vol. 6, p. 27; vol. 22, 
p. 87 ; vol. 26, p. 35 ; Y Geninen, 1887, p. 148 et seq. ; 1888, p. 22 
et. seq. ; 1892, p. 52 ; 1906, p. 245 ; Trans. Nat. Eist. Wrrxham, 
1888, p. 236 ; Welsh Lyrics, p. 55 ; Athrylith Ceiriog Hughes, by 
J. Ceulanydd Williams ; Ceiriog Hugh's, by Isaac Foulkes ; Young 
IFa/es, 1899, p. 234; 1903, p. 109; Mont.' Worthies : Gyfres y Fit 
(0. M. Edwards). 

Hughes, John F., 1.S47-1903, a self-made man, was born at 
Cefn Ooch, in the parish of Llangernyw, Denl)ighshire, and com- 


nienced life as a plasterer. He worked for some years in Liverpool 
and Manchester, and in 1872 sailed for America, settling in Ulica. 
After working for some five years or so as a journeyman, he went 
into tlie building business, and bec:une one of the most skilful and 
successful builders in the city. He was a life member of the Welsh 
Benevolent Society, and a member of the Cymreigyddion Society. 
He was chosen a school commissioner in 18'.16, and the city of Utica 
never had a Ijetter or more useful commissioner. {The Cambrian, 
1903, p 215.) 

Hughes, John Gwynne, 1821:-1'.)()4, a Congregational 
minister, was born at Narberth, Pembrokeshire. He received his 
early education there in a school conducted by ins minister, the 
Rev. H. Davies, ami began to preach at the age of si.xteen, and a year 
later was admitted into Airedale College, Bradford. After a five 
years' course he settled at Odiham, Hampshire, in 1848, where he 
speedily gained the confidence and affection of his people, and filled 
and enlarged the building. He also took a prominent place among the 
ministers of the county, and iiecame chairman of the county union. 
Li 1857, he accepted a call to Maldon, Esse.';, and it was here, during 
a twenty-nine years' pastorate, that the great work of his life was 
done. He was for many years a director of the London Missionary 
Society. He was Itoth mechanically and scientifically inclined, and 
became a member, and afterwards a fellow, of the Royal Astronomical 
Society. Mr. Hughes was endowed with an intellect massive in its 
proportions and solid in its julgments, which gave a singular weight 
to his utterances, whether on the platform or in the pulpit. With a 
mind of this order, fed and enriched liy wide reading in many fields, 
he united a full share of Celtic fervour. And so his preaching was 
like himself, weighty, impressive, informing, and now and then 
kindling into the highest eloquence. {Cuiigreg. Year Book, 1905.) 

Hughes, John Henry, 1814-189:3, " leuan o Leyn," a Con- 
gregational minister and poet, was a native of Llaniestyn, South 
Carnarvonshire, where his father held a small farm. The son was 
intended for the same calling, but shewed a preference for books. 
He spent some time at Bangor, as assistant master at the school kept 
by the Rev. Dr. Arthur Jones. He afterwards entered Brecon 
College, and was ordained in 1843. In 1847, he went out to 
Demerara, British Guiana, under the auspices of the Lontlon 
Missionary Society. Owing to ill-health he had to return in seven 
years, having in the meantime rendered valuable service to the cause 
he had at heart. He afterwards became pastor of the English cause at 
West Hartlepool, and spent the last eight years of his life at Gefn 
Mawr, near Ruabon. As a writer of poetry he was well-known 
throughout the Principality, and his poem, " Beth sy'n hardd " 
(What is lieautiful), will live as long as the language in which it is 
written. A volume of his sermons, entitled " The Hand that Saves, 
and other Sermons," edited by tlie Rev. David Roberts, D.D., was 
published in 1895 (Wre.xham : Hughes and Son). (Y Geninen, 1894; 
Congreg. Year Book, 1894 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Lienor 
(0. M. Edwards), book 1, p. 51 ; Y Oeninen, March, 1894, p. 5. 


Hughes, John James, 1S42- , "Alfardd," a journalist, 

was born in the parisb of Llanbadrig, Anglesey. He had very little 
schooling, bis lather being in very poor circumstances, and when 
about 16 years of age young Hughes made his way to Bangor, where 
he was employed as carter for three years, and as mason's labourer 
for five years. He afterwards served in the police force. By dint 
of hard study and the assistance of literary rnen with whom he 
became acquainted at Bangor, he became an exceedingly able writer, 
which led to his being appointed sub-editor of the " Herald 
Cymraeg." He had a facile pen, and was one of the ablest Welsh 
writers of the day. He wrote a good dt-al of poetry, and two or 
three Welsh novels. ( V Geirmen, March, 1891, p. 58, and Oct., p. 232.) 

Hughes, Jonathan, 1721-1805, a poet was born at Pengwern, 
near Llangollen, Deiibighshiie. He resided in that locality all his life, 
and was l>nried at Llangollen. Jonathan Hughes ami Thomas Edwards 
(Twm o'r Nant), were the principal bards of North Wales during the 
period from 1750 to about 17'.K), when two much abler men made their 
appearance— the Rev. Walter Davies (Owallter Mechain), and David 
Thomas (Dafyckl Ddu Eryri). A collection of Hughes' poems was 
published in 1778 (Shrewsl>ury : Stafford Prys). Some of his com- 
positions are to he found in the MS. known as " Y Riser Hir " at the 
Swansea Free Library, and one poem is printed in " Golud yr Oes," 
V. 2, p. 271. {Adgof Kivrh Ancfhof, p. 75 ; Llyfnjdd. y Cytnry, p. 576 ; 
The Catnbru-Britun, v. 3, p. 37). See F Geninen, VM)7, p. 215. 

Hughes, Joseph, 1769-1833, who took a prominent part in the 
founding of tiie Bible Society, though born in London, was of Welsh 
descent. He joined the Baj)tists at an early age, and was educated at the 
Baptist College, Bristol, and at Aberdeen and Edinburgh. He took his 
degree at King's College, Aberdeen, and acted for a time as professor at 
the Baptist College, Bristol. In 1796, he became pastor of the Baptist 
cause at Battersea, London, He afterwards became secretary of the 
Religious Tract Society, and first secretary of the British and Foreign 
Bible Society. He was the one who suggested the world-wide Bible 
Society, and to whose genius it owes its felicitous name. He gave it 
the benefit of his services so long as life lasted, and was indefatigable 
in travelling, speakin;;, and preaching for it. He is described as 
" notably a man who loved to make other men work. . . . It was 
he who set John Foster to his literary task, and though Foster was 
very grateful he was not infrequently irritated. He quickened the 
indolence of Robert Hall, much to the great preacher's discomfort. 
He disturbed even the deep and settled complacency of William Jay. 
. He gained, however, the deep gratitude and reverence of all 
with whom he worked."' (Lli/fr y Juhili ; The British Weekly.) 
See The Founders atxl First Three Presidents of the Bible Society, 
with portraits of T. Charles, of Bala ; Joseph Hughes, of Battersea ; and 
J. Owens, D.D., by Henry Morris (London : The Religious Tract 

Hughes, Joseph, 1803-1863, "Cam Ingli," a clergyman and 
poet, was born in the parish of Trefdraeth, Pembrokeshire, and 


educated at Carmarthen and Ystratlmeurig, where he groatly 
distinguished himself. He was onlained deacon in 1828, and priest in 
1829, by the Bishop of St. David's. After serving as curate in his 
native county he was preferred to the rectory of Lockwood, near 
Huddersfield, removing in 1836 to Liverpool. A year later he became 
rector of Weltham, Yorkshire, where he remaineil till his death. 
He was an able preacher, and a most hard-working clergyman. He 
was a successful Eisteddfod competitor, and wrote a Welsh poem of a 
very high order on " Summer," and translated a large portion of 
Young's "Night Thoughts" into Welsh. (0. B.) See Y Gfninen, 
1897, p. 126. 

Hughes, Joshua, 1807-1889, bishop of St. Asaph, was born at 
Nevern, Pembrokeshire. When quite a boy he was sent to Ystradmeurig 
Grammar School, au<l afterwards proceeded to Lampeter, where he 
attained the very highest of honours, gaining the degree of B.D. After 
serving the curacy of Aberystwyth, he was, in 18;V.t, preferred to the 
living of Abergwili. He was for 24 years vicar ni Llandovery, and 
was known as one of the most laborious of Welsh clergy. In 1870, 
Mr. Gladstone olfered him the bishopric of St. Asaph, which he 
accepted. He was the first Welshman since 1727 who served as 
bishop in his own country. The appointment was criticised because 
Hughes was not a university man, but events justitied the choice. 
He favoured all reasonable measures of church reform ; laboured 
hard to secure Welsh-speaking clergy for Welsh parishes, and was one 
of the first supporters of the movement for promoting higher 
education in Wales. He was the author of several charges, sermons, 
and pamphlets. He was no orator, but his sermons were earnest and 
practical, and his confirmation addresses very pointed. As an earnest 
and hard-working parish clergj'man, as an enthusistic educationalist, as 
an ardent jiatriot, as a wise administrator, and above all, as an honest 
man of deep religions convictions, who had the courage to express and 
act upon his carefully-planned opinions at whatever cost. Bishop 
Hughes gained for himself an honoured name that will live long in the 
history of his country. (C. d- D. Herald ; Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Y 
Geninen, March, 1889, p. 29, and July, p. 141 ; Record, 25th January, 
1889 ; North Wales Guardian, 26th January, 1889 ; Montgomeryshire 
Express, 29th January, 1889 ; Y Genine'n, 1889, p. 141 ; Welsh 
Religious Leaders in the Victorian Era. 

Hughes, Lot, 1787-1873, a Wesleyan minister, was born at 
Abergele, Denbighshire. He was among the early friends of Welsh 
Wesleyan Methodism in the Principality, and was converted about 1802. 
In his nineteenth year he began to preach, and soon afterwards was 
called to the full work of the ministry. His educational advantages 
were few, but by diligent application he greatly improved his mental 
powers. His health failed in 18.')0, when he became a super- 
numerary. In his comparative retirement he retained his mental 
faculties and usual cheerfulness, taking to the last a great interest in 
the prosperity of the work of God. His leisure hours were latterly 
employed in writing historical sketches of the Rise and Progress of 


Methodism in the Principality, which were published monthly in 
" Yr Eurgrawn." {Minutes of Conference, 1873.) 

Hughes, Morris, 1808-18G3, a Culvinistic Methodist minister 
and prose writer, wus a native of Llauberis, and was almost entirely 
self-educated. He began life as a qiiarryman, but afterwards obtained 
a responsible position in the slate trade at Port Dinorwic, near 
Carnarvon. He also devoted a good deal (if his time to preaching, and 
became one of tlie most ijrominent members of the connexion in the 
district. He wrote several articles to the " Traethodydd " and 
" Drysorfa," and took a hading part in the temperance controversy. 
{Enwog G.) 

Hughes, Sir Richard, Bart., 1780, of the royal navy, 

was the son of Richard Hughes, Esq., of Deptford, who was of Welsh 
descent, and traced his pedigree to Bleddyn ab Cynvyn, prince of 
Powys. He held the post of commissioner of the dockyard at Ports- 
mouth, and had the honour, in that capacity, of having as a guest at his 
house and publicly entertaining George III., during his majesty's visit 
to that celebrated arsenal. He was created a baronet in 1773. (Burke's 
Peentge, &c., l;'S2). 

Hughes, Sir Richard, Bart., -1812, a distinguished 

naval ofticer and admiial of the Red, was the son of Sir Richard 
Hughes, Bart. ( -1780, see ante). He was second in command under 
Lord Howe in that memorable relief of Gibraltar, and captured the 
" Solitaire," and beat the French in the sea fight off Barbadoes in 1782. 
He was an excellent French scholar, and translated The Spectator into 
that language. (Burke's Peerage, &c., 1882.) 

Hughes, Richard, 1817-1879, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born at Nevin, Curnarvonshire, and commenced to preach in 1839, 
being ordained thirteen years later. He was a diligent student, and 
an able and effective preacher. One of his sermons appears in " Y 
Gofadail Fethodistaidd." He published an interesting biography of 
Simon Griffiths, of Nevin. {Cyfansoddiadau Sam ; Y Gofadail 
Fethodistaidd, ji. 79.) 

Hughes, Richard Samuel, 1855-1893, a musician, was born 
at Aberystwyth. Wlien quite a child he displayed an extraordinary 
talent for music, and in his fourth year he plajed the concertina on 
concert and eisteddfod platforms. A year later he made his first 
public appearance as a j)ianist. When seven years of age he competed 
in a pianoforte solo at the Carnarvon National Eisteddfod, 1862, and 
was awarded the prize. Some years afterwards he studied at the Royal 
Academy of Music, and subsequently received instruction on the 
organ from Dr. Roland Rogers, Bangor, who regarded him as the 
Sullivan of Wales. He spent the last few years of his life at Bethesda. 
He was probably the l)est pianist Wales has produced, and as a 
composer of songs he had few equals. His best-known compositions 
are " Y Golomen Wen," " Wyt ti'n cofio'r lloer yn codi," " Mary 
Lee," " Bradwriiieth y Dun," and " Lie treigla'r Caveri." He died at 
Bethesda, and was buried at Glanogwen. ( Y Gcninen, 1893, p. 129.) 
See Gymru, vol. 4, p. 237 ; Y Geninen, 1894, p. 63. 


Hughes, Robert, 1744-1785, "Robin Ddu yr Ail o Fon," a 
poet and critic, was born at Penniynydil, Anglesey. He was well 
educated, and kept a school at Andwch, and afterwards in Shropshire. 
He subsequently removed to London, where he was employed as 
barrister's clerk for twenty years. He was one of the founders of the 
Gwyneddigion Society, and an active member for some years. Some 
of his poems were included in the volume entitled " Dewisul 
Ganiadau," and three of his compositions appear in " Gwaitli Beiidd 
Hon " (Liverpool ; Isaac Foulkes, 1879). A beautiful poem of his is 
to be found in " Y Brython," v. 3, p. ;!7l(. Unlike many of his con- 
temporaries, he never wrote an impure line, or suggested an impure 
thought. His latter years were spent at Carnarvon, where he died. 
A monument was erected to his memory at Llanbeblig, Carnarvon, 
by the Gwyneddigion Society. Dr. W. Owen Pughe has an appre- 
ciative reference to him in the introduction to his Welsh-English 
Dictionary. (Diet. Em. W. ; Oivaith Beirdd Mun. ; Y Cymmrudor, 
vol. 10, p." 54.) 

Hughes, Robert, 1810-1892, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
poet, and ai tist, was a native of Carnarvonshire, and spent most of his 
lifetime at Uwchlaw'rffynon, near Pwlliieli. He was a self-taught 
portrait and landscape painter. On one occasion, Lord Newborough, 
who was his personal friend, sat to him, and his Lordship's poi-trait, 
from tlie easel of the old minister, adoins the little dissenting chapel 
erected by Lord Newborough at Bardsey Island. Mi-. Hughes was also 
a poet of some merit ; one of his poems, " Cywydd y Meddwyn " (an 
Ode on the Drunkard), appears in the Traethodydd for 1848. He 
attained considerable reputation as an antiquary. (C. <t D. Herald.) 

Hughes, Rowland, 1811-18(11, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was born at Bala, but hrought up at Dolgelley, his parents removing to 
the latter town when he was very young. He preached his first 
sermon in 1829, and soon became one of the most prominent men in 
the connexion. He ministered with great success at Carnarvon, 
Beaumaris, Liverpool, and elsewhere. He translated into Welsh, John 
Wesley's Notes on the New Testament, a volume which had a wide 
circulation. He was also a popular lecturer, among his subjects being 
" Divine Providence," and " The Deluge and Theology." A volume of 
his sermons was published in 1877, with a 1 )iographical and critical 
essay by the Rev. John Hugh Evans (Cynfaen). (G. B.) ; Cardiff 
Catalogue. See Y Geninen, March, 190O, p. 58. 

Hughes, Samuel, 1823-1885, a Baptist minister and author, 
was born at Llangollen. He was well educated, and his earlier years 
were devoted to business pursuits. He commenced preacliing when 
rather young, and for a number of years supplied the pulpits of 
English and Welsh churches at Llangollen and district, as well as on 
the borders of the English counties. He departed for America in 
1868, and ministered successively at Camden, Canton, Cape May, and 
Berlin (New Jersey). He was an excellent preacher and a cultured 
scholar. Clear thinking was parent to a logical order and a trans- 
parency of style that made the truth perspicuous. Some years before 
his death he published a work on " Baptism." (Baptist Handbook, 


Hughes, Thomas, 1803-1898, "Glan Pherath," a Calvinistic 
Methodist minister and poet, was born at Trawsfynydd, Merioneth- 
shire, and began life as a schoolmaster. At the request of the Rev. 
Richard Jones, of Wern, he undertook the charge of a day school at 
Festiniog, where he remained until he began to preach in 1823. He 
left Festiniog and settled at Llanelltyd, removing two years later to 
Machynlleth. It was as " Thomas Hughes, Machynlleth," that he 
became known throughout the Principality. In the earlier years of 
his ministry he was one of the popular preachers of Wales. At his 
death he was the oldest minister in the Principality, and had been 
preaching for 77 years. The published volume of his poetry, entitled 
" Y Garnedd Arian " (Llanidloes : 0. Mills, circa 1857) shews that he 
was one of the masters of the Welsh alliterative metres, and also an 
able writer of Idank verse. In 1837, he published a Welsh translation 
of George Whit-field's " Biography." He was a frequent contributor 
to the Welsh press, and a short time before his death wrote several 
chapters of reminiscences for " Cymru." His remains were interred 
at Penmorfa, Tremadoc. {Bi/e-Gones, 1898, p. 441 ; Cdrdiff' Cata- 
logue.) See His Reminiscences in Gi/mru, vols. 6, 7, and 8 ; Cymru, 
vol. 6, pp. ]08 and 197 ; Ibid, vol. 15, p. 225. 

Hughes, Thomas, 1822 - 1896, social economist and author, was 
of Welsh extraction. His great grandfather, the Rev. Thomas 
Hughes, LL.B., was vicar of Llansilin from 1763 to 1776, and head- 
master of Ruthin School from 1739 to 1768. The latter's son was 
Dr. Thomas Hughes, Prebendary of St. Paul's London, and his 
son, Mr. .John Hughes, M.A., of Oriel, began his school life at Ruthin. 
The subject of this sketch was the son of John Hughes, and was horn 
at Uppington, Berkshire. In 1848, he joined the Christian Socialist 
movement, under F. D. Maurice and Charles Kingsley, and was one 
of the founders and principals of the Working Men's College, London. 
He sat in Parliament as a Liberal from 18()5 to 1874, and presided at 
the first Co-operative Congress in 1869. A project (1879) to establish 
a model community at Rugby, Tennessee, resulted in heavy pecuniary 
loss. In 1857, appeared anonymously his first work, " Tom Brown's 
Schooldays," a fictitious delineation of school life at Rugliy under 
Dr. Arnold. The work was immediately successful with a much 
higher class of readers than that to which the ordinary novel appeals, 
and it passed through several editions. He also wrote " The Scouring 
of the Wliite Horse" (1858), and "Tom Brown at Oxford" (1861). 
He was a barrister by profession, and was made queen's counsel in 
1869, afterwards becoming a county court judge. {Imp. Diet. Biog. ; 
Harmsworth ; Bije-Oones, 18,S ■, p. 115.) See Hughes' Memoir of a 
Brotlier ; Economic Review, July, 1896 ; Life of F. D. Maurice ; Men 
of the Times, 13th edition ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Hughes, Thomas, 1826- , an antiquary, was born at 

Chester, of Welsh parentage. He was educated at the Chester King's 
School, and after wan Is took great interest in the restoration of that 
institution, with a view of giving it a place among the semi-public 
schools of England. He was elected a Fellow of the Society of 

Rev. Hugh Prick Huches. 

Rev. John HniiHF.s, 1) D., Livki 


Antiquaries in 186"), soon after the puljlication of his excellent work, 
entitled " The Strangers' Handbook to Chester." Many of his 
antiquarian writings appeared in the Journal of the Chester Ai-chaeo- 
logical Society, *and for many years he was editor of that work. The 
letterpress to " Batenham's Chester Sixty Years Ago," published in 
1878, was from his pen. (Bye-Oones, 1879, p. 237 ; Private 

Hughes, Thomas, about 1830-1884, a Wesleyan minister and 
author, was the son of a poor quarryman at Llangynog, Montgomery- 
shire. His parents removod, when he was young, to the neighbour- 
hood of Llangollen, ami there he began to preach in 1852. In spite 
of many difficulties he mastered the English language, and became an 
influential and popular minister in several important circuits. He 
was a voluminous writer, his chief works being (1) " The Ideal 
Theory of Berkeley and the Real World (186.5) ; (2) " The Human 
Will, its Functions and Freedom " (1867) ; (3) " The Economy of 
Thought" (187.')); (4) "Knowledge: The Fit and Intended Furniture 
of the Mind " ; (5) " Sermons : The Divine and the Human in 
Nature, Revelation, Religion, and Life " ; (6) " Things New and Old 
relative to Life, being Sermons on different subjects " ; (7) " The 
Condition of Membership in the Christian Church viewed in 
connection with the Class Meeting in the Methodist Body." The 
last-named work, disapproving of the devotional meetings, known 
among Wesleyan Methodists as " Classes," brought upon its author the 
displeasure of his brethren in the ministry. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Hughes, Thomas Jones, - 1891, a clergyman and author, 

was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and brought his 
university career to a close by becoming a wrangler. He was ordained 
a deacon in 1846, and priest in the following year. After flUing 
several curacies he was appointed to Llanasa, and from that living was 
promoted to Llanbedr. Before a paid Diocesan Inspector of Schools 
was appointed, he was one of the Diocesan Inspectors of Schools, and 
also secretary to the Rural Deanery of Duffryn Chvyd. He died at 
Llanbedr, near Ruthin. He was a distinguished Welsh scholar, and 
took a prize at AberHraw Eisteddfod for an essay on the English 
and Welsh languages, which evinced great knowledge of both 
languages. He was a lucid writer of Welsh, and contributed a series 
of articles to Yr Haul, a Welsh periodical, on "Obsolete Welsh 
Words in the Welsh Bible." From his learning he might have taken 
a high position as a Welsh writer, and like many others whose tastes 
are I'ehned, the quantity of his literary productions does not equal 
their quality. {Bije-Gones, 1891, p. 37.) 

Hughes, Thomas L., 1809 - , a self-made man, was born 

in a farmhouse culled Ffynon Tudur, in the parish of Llanelidan, 
Denbighshiri'. He lived in Ruthin for live j-ears, learning the trade 
of saddler, which occupation he followed for some time. He 
emigrated to America in l84(i, and went direct to Cincinnati, Ohio, 


where for six years he was employed as salesman in a large establish- 
ment. Moving to Oak Hill, Ohio, in 1840, he established and carried 
on an extensive and successful business. In 18.")4, he and a number of 
Welshmen combined to form a company called " The Jetierson 
Furnace Company," and Mr. Hughes l)ecanie secretary. He was 
connected with the company for 26 years, and then retired with a 
competence. He was a justice of the peace for 20 years, and in 1870 
was elected by a large majority member of the Ohio Legislature. He 
contributed a series of articles to the " Cyt'aill o'r Hen Wlad " on the 
life of Christ and other scriptural history, which were published in 
book form in 1882. [The Cambrian, 1894, p. 33.) 

Hughes, "William, 1761-1826, a Congregational minister and 
a poet, was a native of Llanystumdwy, in South Carnarvonshire, joined 
the Congregationalists at Pwllheli when about 20 years of age, and 
began to preach a year later. After serving in the ministry for some 
years near Bangor, he settled down as pastor of the cause at Dinas 
Mawddwy, Merionethshire. He composed a number of hymns and 
poems, and wrote a biography of the Rev. Richard Tibbott, of 
Llanbrynmair (see post). {Enwug. Meirion.) 

Hughes, William, 1779-1836, born at Penyclawdd, Monmouth- 
shire, acquired considerable eminence as a civil engineer. When quite 
a lad he became a pupil under Mr. Buncombe, and was engaged by 
him in the execution of the EUesmere canal. Mr. Telford afterwards 
employed him upon the Caledonian canal, and he was also connected 
with the deepening of the Clyde, the drainage of Lough Neagh, and 
other public works. Eventually he had the oversight of some heavy 
works upon the London and Birmingham Railway, and for years before 
his death his character as a safe and able engineer was universally 
acknowledged. {Border Counties' Worthies.) 

Hughes, William, 1798-1866, a harpist, was a native of 
Llansanttlraid, Montgomeryshire. He was a brilliant player on the 
Welsh or triple harj). He unsuccessfully competed, with Benjamin 
Coimah and others at the Wrexham Eisteddfod in 1820. At the 
Carnarvon Eisteddfod in 1821 he again competed with Connah and 
nine others, carrying off the silver harp with twenty guineas. His 
success was received with great enthusiasm, although it seems that 
some of the adjudicators wished to award the prize to Connah. {Mont. 

Hughes, William, 1821-1886, a clergyman, was the son of 
William Hughes, Es(i., of Llanfaes, Brecknock. He was educated at 
Shrewsbury School and Jesus College, Oxford, and ordained in 1843. 
He held curacies at Wollasion, Gloucestershire, and Tavistock, North 
Devon, and in 18.'J8 liecame vicar of Elibw Vale. Among the benefits 
which his zeal and activity conferred on that town, may be mentioned 
the erection of the beautiful church of Christ Church, the formation 
and endowment of the district, the establishment of regular services in 
Welsh, and also of English services at Victoria and Cwm, where he 
built the church of St. Paul. He took an active part in everything 


that contributed to the good of his populous parish, and was most 
kind and s.ynipatlietic to the poor. (Poole's Brecknockshire.) 

Hughes, William Bulkeley, 1797-1882, Member of Parliament, 
was born at Plas Coch, Anglesey, and educated at Harrow. In 1826, he 
was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, and practised a short time, one 
of his clerks being Sir Hugh Owen (see -post), who, partly through the 
influence of Mr. Bulkeley Hughes, obtained a clerkship in the then 
Poor Law Board. Mr. Bulkeley Hughes' family is one of the oldest 
in North Wales, and traces an unbroken descent from Llywarch ap 
Bran, lord of Tre-Llywarch, antl founder of the second noble tribe of 
Wales. He became Member for the Carnarvon Boroughs in 1837, 
retaining the seat till his death, when, in point of age, he was Father 
of the House of Commons. He took an active part in railway enter- 
prise in Anglesey and Carnarvonshire, and from its opening up to the 
time of its absorption by the London A- North Western Railway, he held 
the chairmanship of the Anglesey Central Railway. Many Welshmen 
who held positions in the Civil Service owed their start in life to 
Mr. Bulkeley Hughes. {Bye-Gones, 1882, p. 32.) 

Hughes, William Gray, 1792-1824, a clergyman, was the son 
of the Rev. Jolm HuLrhes, Ijlanddeiniol, Cardiganshire, and was born in 
the parish of Nantcwnlle, in that county. He worked on a farm till 
he was 17 years of age, and then went to school at Bettws, near 
Llangeitho, kept by the Rev. Richard Richards, afterwards proceeding 
to Lampeter. He was ordained in ISL'i, and in 1822 became vicar of 
Mathry, Pembrokeshire. He was a most powerful and effective 
preacher, and seemed destined for a prominent position in the Church, 
laut was cut down at the early age of thirty-two. (Enivog. Sir AherUifi). 
See Nodweddiad y Ct/mry, p. 31().) 

Hughes, William J., 1833-1879, a musician, was born at St. 
Asaph, and received a good education, graduating B.A. He served as 
classical master in Knniskillen, Ireland, for many years, removing 
afterwards to Norfolk. In 18.5.5, he took charge of the Llanrwst 
Grammar School, but subsequently removed to Rhyl, where he died. 
He composed several tunes, many of which were published in the 
" Ceinion " (Hafrenydd), and in " Caniadau y Cyssegr " (Gee). {B. 
Ge7-ddorion Cymrcig.) 

Hum ff ray, John Basson, 1824-1891 (or Humphrey), was born 
at Newtciwn,Montg.aneryshire, and early in life emigrated to Australia. 
In the colony of Victoria he took sides with the gold-diggers of 
Ballarat in the agitation caused by the oppressive administration of the 
law in the goldfields. He was the first member for West Ballarat 
(Grenville) in the reformed Parliament, and the first Minister of Mines 
for the colony. Withers, in his " History of Ballarat," describes him 
as " a young man possessing the patriotism, and, more than usual, the 
caution of Welshmen. . . . His voice was musical, and he possessed 
a readiness of utterance which made him one of the foremost of the 
advocates of peaceable reform." A monument has been erected to 
him in the Ballarat old cemetery, the inscription upon it including a 
Welsh couplet from Islwyn. ( Wales, 0. M. Edwards, vol. 3, p. 461.) 


Humffreys, Mostyn, -1835, a soldiei, was a native of 

Montgomeryshire, and received his eai-ly education at Oswestry 
School. His residence was at Llwyn, Llanfyllin. He became a 
captain in the army, and spent the last few years of his life in India. 
He met his death while tiger-hunting in March, ItiS.'). He was out on 
foot with a few sepoys of his detachment, and in attempting to rescue 
one of them that had been seized by a tiger, the infuriated beast 
sprang upon him, and killed him on the spot. The local paper, in 
narrating the incident, said, "Thus perished as fine a fellow as ever 
came to India." (Bye-Oones, 18<S.5, p. 237.) 

Humphreys, David, 175;' -1818, a colonel in the American 
army, and who was both a poet and historian, was of Welsh descent, 
and was born in Derby, Connecticut, U.S.A. He entered the army 
about 1776, and in 1780 became a colonel and aide-de-camp to General 
Washington. He often made Mount Vernon his home, and had the 
unreserved confidence of Washington to the end of liis life. He went 
with Mr. Jefferson to France, as Secretary of Legation, in 1784. For 
his valour at Yorktown, Congress honoured him with a sword. In 
1790, he went to Portugal as minister, and seven years later to Spain 
in the same capacity. He took command of the militia in Connecticut 
in 1812, and died a few years later. He aided Barlow and other poets 
in " The Anarchiad," and wrote other works, among which are a 
" Poem on the Happiness of America " and an " Address to the Armies 
of the United States" (1772). {Wales and its People; Lippincott.) 
See Griswold's Poets and Poetrij of America ; Duvcknick's Cyclopcedia 
of American Literature, vol. 1 ; Natiimal Portrait Gallery of Distin- 
guished Americans, vol. 2 ; Y Brython, vol. 5, p. 157 ; Enwog. C. 

Humphreys, Heman, 1779-1859, an American preacher of 
Welsh descent, was born in Simsbury, Connecticut, U.S.A. He 
graduated at Yale, and received the degree of D.D. He was for 
twenty-three years pi'esident of Amherst College, and is described as 
"one of the best and weightiest men of his age." To his potent 
influence the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches were greatly 
indebted ; and in his attitude towards slavery, and his advocacy of 
temperance he was a valuable moral factor. He wrote several 
valuable works, among which are " A Tour in France, Great Britain, 
and Belgium," 2 vols. (1838): "Domestic Education" (1840), and 
" Letters to a Son in the Ministry " (1845). ( WelsJimen as Factors, <fcc.; 

Humphreys, Humphrey, 1648-1712, Bishop of Hereford, was 
the eldest son of Richard Humphreys, Esq., of Penrhyndeudraeth, 
Merionethshire. He received his early education at the Free School 
at Oswestry, under the care of his uncle, the Rev. Humphrey Wynn, 
M.A., and afterwards proceeded to Jesus College, Oxford, where he took 
his B.A. degree in 1670, and that of M.A. two years later. He was 
successively rector of Llanfrothen and Trawsfynydd, and in 168;i was 
advanced to the bishopric of Bangor. He was afterwards translated to 
Hereford, where he died. Bishop Humphreys was an able Welsh 
antiquary, and wrote some memoirs of eminent Welshmen. He is 


described as "a person of excellent virtues during the wliole course of 
his life, and in his later years, of a piety so extraordinary as has but 
few examples." The Welsh translation of Jeremy Taylor's " Holy 
Living" (London, 1701) was dedicateil to Bishop Humphreys. This 
dedication is printed in full in Y Gwyliedi/dd for May, 1(S34, p. 139. 
He married Margaret, the daughter of Dr. Robert Morgan, Bishop of 
Bangor. (Cambrian Register, vol. 1, p. ItlO.) See Diet. Em. W. ; 
Lhjfrydd. y Cymry ; Gdud yr Oes, vol. 2, p. 310 ; Y Givylicdydd, 
1830, p. 15iS ; Gent. Mag., 1826, Supp. 2nd pt. 

Humphreys, James, 17t)S-l(S3(), a conveyancing lawyer, was 
the sou of Mr. Charles Gardiner Williams, a solicitor in good practice 
at Montgomery. He was eilucated at Shrewsbury School, and after- 
wards articled to Mr. W. Pugh, solicitor, Caerhowell. In 1787, he 
went to London, and entered as a pupil the chambers of Mr. Charles 
Butler. He afterwards established a high reputation and a lucrative 
practice as conveyancer. He contributed several articles to the 
" Supplement to Viner's Abridgment," but what brought him fame 
was his work entitled " Observations on the Law of Real Projjerty 
and Outline of a Code,'' published in 1826. This publication had the 
effect of rousing the j)ublic and the profession to successful effort in 
the difficult and much-neeiied work of reform in the law of real 
property. Written in a popular style, and at the right time, the book 
attracted general attention and approbation, and his views, more or 
less modified, were adopted liy subsequent writers and commissioners, 
and have since, with some great exceptions, such as the enfranchise- 
ment of copyholds, become law. Shortly after his death an interesting 
memoir of him, written by his nephew, Erskine Humphreys, 
appeared in the " Cambrian Quarterly Magazine." (/??yj. Diet. Biog. ; 
Mont. Worthies.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Gent. Mag., 1830, part 2, 
p. .571, and 1831, part 1, p. 181 ; Law Mag., vol. 1, p. 613, and vol. 5, 
p. 258 ; Westminster Bevieiv, October, 1826 ; Bentham's Works, 
ed. Bowring, vol. :>, p. 387, and vol. 6, p. 203 ; American Jurist and 
Law Mag., vol. 1. p. 58 ; Kent's Commentaries, vol. 1 : Quarterly 
Review, vol. 31, p. 520 ; Edinburgh Review, March, 1827 ; Butler's 
Reminiscences, pp. 56 and 284. 

Humphreys, Joshua, a naval architect, of Welsh origin, who 
gave to Philadelphia the pre-eminence it still enjuys for ship-building. 
In the words of Dr. Bishop, he formed " the germ of the American 
navy." He suggested to Congress important improvements in the 
construction of vessels ordered by that body, and was called upon to 
furnish drafts and models for the six frigates which then constituted 
the American navy. Tempting otters were made to enlist his genius 
in other lands. ( Welshmen as Factors, itc.) 

Humphreys, Richard, 1791-1863, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister and author, was born at Dyffryn, Merioneth. He began to 
preach at an early age, and carried on business, at the same time, as a 
grocer, &c. He was ordained in 1853, and at once became one of the 
leaders of the connexion. He was a prolific writer, and many of his 
articles are to be found in the Geiniogwerth, Tlie Methodist, 


Y Drysorfa and F Traethodydd. His biography (Welsh), with 
a selection of his sermons and essays, by the Rev. Griffith Williams, 
appeared in 187.^ (Wrexham : Hughes and Son). {Enwogion 
Meirian.) See Y Traetliodydd, 184.1, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 18.51, 
and 1852 for articles from his pen. 

Humphreys, Richard Machno, 1853- 190.5, a Baptist minister 
and poet, was born at Talybont, Cardiganshire. He spent three years 
at Llangollen College, under the Rev. Dr. Hugh Jones, and was 
ordained at Cardiff in 1877. He afterwards removed to Wrexham, 
where he laboured for seven years, and spent the last fifteen years of 
his life as pastor of the Calfaria Baptist Church, Llanelly. He was 
a powerful preacher and an ideal pastor. He had long been closely 
identified with the Eisteddfod as an adjudicator and conductor, and 
belonged to a family remarkable for its literary and oratorical aptitude. 
He carried off: the chair prizes at Wrexham (1885), Rhos (1887), 
Newcastle Emlyn (1888), Felinfoel (1901), and Pontyberem (1901). and 
was the winner of the crown prize at the Rhyl National EistecUlfod 
(1904) for a poem on " Thomas Edward Ellis." He acted as Welsh 
editor of the Llanelly Mercury. {The Mdnchester Guardian ; The 
British Weekly ; Baptist Handbook, 1906.) 

Humphreys, Robert, 1779-1832, a Wesleyan minister and 
poet, was l)orn in the parish of Llanelidan, Denbighshire, and ordained 
in 180.5. He was a popular preacher, and spent the latter part of his 
life at Beaumaris. He was a regular contributor to the Eurgrawn. 
He translated one of Goodwin's Essays, and published a collection of 
hymns for Sa1)bath Schools, and a small collection of poems, some 
being his own composition. (Knivog. G. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Humphreys, Sir Salisbury Pryce, 1778-1845, a naval officer, 
was a grandson of the Rev. Dr. Salisbury Pryce, who for fifty-three 
years was vicar of Meifod. It was he who committed the bohl, yet as 
some think, justifiable error of filing on the " Chesapeake," an American 
warship. He was an officer of some distinction, and saw a good deal 
of service during his sliort career up to the time when he was appointed 
a captain, but will best be remembered as captain of the "Leopard," 
■when in 1807 at Halifax, Nova Scotia, under orders, lie boarded the 
" Chesapeake " for the seizure of naval deserters, which led to loss of 
life on both sides, an angry coi-respondence between both Governments, 
and to his own ultimate retirement on half-pay. Notwithstanding 
this, he became a Rear-Admiral of the " White," and was made a C.B. 
in 1831 ; and Knight-Commander of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic 
Order in 1834. He was buried at Leckhampton. {Mont. Worthies.) 
See Old Wales, vol. 1, p. 353. 

Humphreys, Thomas, 1818-1868, a self-made man, was born 
at Newtown, Montgomeryshire. Early in life he made his way to 
Manchester, where he found employment in a drapery establishment. 
By dint of hard work, perseverance, and strict integrity, he soon made 
considerable headway, becoming partner in a leading firm of Manchester 
warehousemen. He acquired great wealth, and was a generous 
supporter of various charitable movements. {Cymry Manceinion.) 


Humphreys, Whitehead, about 1730- , of Welsh descent, 
was propiietor of a steel furnace in Philadelphia from about the year 
1770. He attained considerable fame as a worker in steel, and received 
£100 from the Provisional Assembly for the encouragement of his 
genius. ( IVelshinfn r/s Factors, dc.) 

Huw Derfel, see Hughes, Hugh Derfel. 

Huw Morus, see Maurice, Hugh. 

Huw Myfyr, see Jones, Hugh. 

Humphreys-Owen, Arthur Charles, 1X36-1905, a Member 

of Parliament, was born at Garthmyl, ^lontgomeryshire, and educated 
at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, where in IStiO he graduated 
with honours in classics and moral science. He was called to the bar 
in 1863, and for eight years practised as an equity draughtsman and 
conveyancer. In 1876, he came into possession of the Glansevern 
estates in Montgomeryshire, and at once began to take a leading part 
in county business. It was, however, in the field of education that his 
work for Wales was principally done. He took- an active part in the 
movement for founding the Welsh University, and for a time he 
served as its junior deputy-chancellor. He might almost be descrilied 
as the " father " of the Welsh intermediate education system ; he was 
at work on it long before the Act of IXSO was passed, and he had a 
hand in shaping the measure itself, and rousing public feeling in favour 
of it. The value of his work was recognised by his election as the first 
chairman of the Central Welsh Board, a position which he retained up 
to his death. When Mr. Stuart Rendel became a peer in ] 894, Mr. 
Humphreys-Ov^en succeeded him as the Liberal member for Mont- 
gomeryshire. (The Manchester- Guardian.) See Yimng Wales, 1901, 
p. 1 ; 1904, p. 46 ; Bije-Gones, 1905, p. 178. 

Humphries, Thomas, -1783, a clergyman and author, of 

Welsh parentage, is believed to have been born in Shropshire, although 
some say that he was born in Wales. He was educated for the Church, 
and became M.A. ot St. John's, Cambridge. For some time, he was 
second master of the Free School at Bridgnorth : and after that, in 
succession to his father, master of Downton School. He was also 
second master of Shrewsbury School, and during the time he filled 
that office he was preferred to the vicarage of St. Chad, in that town. 
He published a letter entitled "The first of a Series of Letters to the 
Author of Pietas Oxoniensis"; a Sermon on behalf of the Salop 
Infirmary, and "A Preservative from Criminal Offences," in 1775. 
(Border Counties' Worthies.) 

HUWCO Meirion, see Thomas, Hugh Evan. 

Hwfa Mon, see Williams, Rowland. 

lago ab Dewi, see Davies, James. 

lago ab leuan, see James, James. 

lago Emlyn, see James, James. 

lago Trichrug, see Hughes, James. 


Idris Vychan, see Jones, John. 

Idrisyn, see Jones, John. 

leuan Brydydd Hir, see Evans, Evan. 

leuan Ddu, see Harris, John P. 

leuan Ddu, see Harris, John Ryland. 

leuan Ddu, see Thomas, John L. 

leuan Fardd Du, see Thomas, Evan. 

leuan Glan Alarch, see Mills, John. 

leuan Glan Geirionydd, see Evans, Evan. 

leuan Gwyllt, see Roberts, John. 

leuan Gwynedd, see Jones, Evan. 

leuan Lleyn, see Prichard, Evan. 

leuan O Leyn, see Hughes, John Henry. 

leuan Tir larll, see Bradford, John. 

loan ap Gwilym, see Williams, John. 

loan Bryngwyn Bach, see Jones, John. 

loan Ddu, see Jones, John Foulkes. 

loan Glandyfroedd, see Howell, John. 

loan Madog, see Williams, John. 

loan Emlyn, see Jones, John Emlyn. 

loan Idris, see Davies, John. 

loan Mai, see Williams, John. 

loan Meirion, see James, John. 

loan Rhagfyr, see Williams, John. 

loan Tegid, see Jones, John. 

loan Twrog, see Roberts, John. 

lolo Goch, see Roberts, John. 

lolo Morganwg, see Williams, Edward. 

lolO Trefald-wyn, see Davies, Edward. 

lorwerth Glan Aled, see Roberts, Edward. 

lorwerth Pentyrch, see Gittins, Edward. 

Iota Eta, see Evans, John. 

Isala'W, see Richards, John. 

IslAvyn, see Thomas, William. 

Ivor Ceri, see Jenkins, John. 

I'wan, see Williams, David. 

J. R., see Roberts, John. 

James, Daniel Bloomfield, 1841-1900, a Congregational 
minister, hailed from Pontypool, Monmouthshire, and though 


thoroughly Welsh in blood and temperament, his training was 
almost entirely English. He was educated at Western College, 
Plymouth, and at the age of 27 accepted the pastorate of Castle Green 
Church, Bristol. Two or three years later he settled at East Hill, 
Wandsworth, preaching to an ever-increasing congregation, so that it 
was suon found necessary to enlarge the l)uilding. He afterwards 
removed to Swansea, succeeding the far-famed Thomas Jones. After 
ministering at Croydon, he settled in ISSS at Wimble Ion, where he 
died. As a preacher he occupied a very high position. Intellectually 
gifted, and keenly alive to the best thought of his age, he was predom- 
inantly an emotional man, and had the gift of communicating his own 
passion to his audience to a rare degree. He did not often make men 
laugh, but they often felt the touch of rising tears, as he played with 
unerring fingers on the chonls of pity, and sympathy, and love. In 
this he was helped by one of the most wonderful voices ever given to 
man. Its note was a rich baritone full of undertones and harmonies, 
not too powerful, but capable of rising to a splendid volume in any 
climax of appeal or denunciation, and ever under the most perfect 
command, so that whether he whispered or thundered it was equally 
irresistible. {Congreg. Year B<jok, 1901.) 

James, David, 1803-1871, "Dewi o Ddyfed," a clergyman and 
poet, was born in the parish of Manordeifi, not far fmm Swansea, but 
in the county of Pembroke. He was educated at the Swansea Grammar 
School, and at Ystradmeurig. After his ordinati(m, in 1826. he held a 
curacy at Granstun, Pembrokeshire, and afterwards at Almondbury, 
Yorkshire. He subsequently held livings at Kirkdale (Liverpool), 
Marsden (Yorkshire), and Pant-teg (Pembrokeshire). He graduated 
M.A. at Cambridge, was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and 
a Ph.D. of Heidell)erg University. He published, in 1836, " The 
Patriarchal Religion of Britain : or a Complete Manual of Ancient 
British Druidism " (London: J. Brook), a very learned and elaborate 
work. While at Kirkdale he engaged in puldic debate with a Roman 
Catholic priest, ami soon afterwards there appeared from his pen a 
volume entitled " Peter without a Primacy, or the Pope a Usurper." 
He stood in the front rank as a preacher and lecturer ; he was an excellent 
poet : and a most patriotic Welshman. (F Oeninen, Mar. 1891, p. 21 ; 
Cardiff Catalogue.) See NodweMiad y Cyinry ; Y Geninen, ]SIar. 
1889, p. 21 ; Trans. Nat. Eist. Liverpool, 1884, p. 613 ; 1' Geninen, 
Mar. 1888, p. 68 ; Ibid, 1897, p. 201 ; Y Traethodydd, 1907, p. 166. 

James, Edward, about 1790- , military surgeon of a regiment 
stationed among the Ogiburas tribe of Creek Indians, was of Welsh 
origin. He rendered valuable service to the missionaries who laboured 
there by translating the New Testament into the language of the 
natives, and preparing a spelling book for their schools. ( Welshmen 
as Factors, <i-c.) 

James, Ed'ward, 1839-1904, a Congregational minister, was a 
native of Llanfachreth, Anglesey, and in the days of his youth was 
brought under the intiuence of that saintly minister, the Rev. William 
Griffith, of Holyhead. His first pastorate was at Llanaelhaiarn, in south 
Carnarvonshire, where he was ordained in 1861. A few years later 


he became minister of Morfa and Nefyn churches, where, for over 
thirty years, he remained in great lionour and usefulness, until 
incapacitated by illness about six years before his death. He was a 
man of great intellectual power. As a thinker, he was eminently 
original ; he was also a born orator, and at times his sermons told 
on vast audiences with wonderful effect. His denomination in the 
Principality conferred upon him the highest honours. In 1894 he 
filled the presidential chair of the Welsh Congregational Union, and 
in that capacity he delivered an eloquent address on " Welsh Con- 
gregationalism in the Principality and the Emjlisli Towns," at the 
annual meetings held that year at Carditf. {The British Weekly.) 
See Gongreg. Year Book, 1906 ; his Biographi/, liy Rev. 0. L. Roberts 
(Merthyr Tydfil: .Joseph Williams .t Sous, 190(1). 

James, Isaac, about 1770- , an author, of Welsh descent, 

carried on business as a bookseller at Bristol, where he attached 
himself to the Baptists. He wrote " Providence Displayed, or the 
Adventures of Alexander Selkirk" (ISOO) : "An Essay on the 
prophet .Jonah" (1802), and gave considerable assistance to Palmer in 
the preparation <>f his "Nonconformist Memorials." (Enivog. C.) 

James, James, 1800-1879, "lago Emlyn," a Congregational 
minister and poet, was born in the West of England, of Welsh parents. 
When eight years old he was left an orphan, and was cai-ed for by his 
paternal grandmother at Dinas, near Newcastle Emlyn, Carmarthen- 
shire. In 1840 he entered Carmarthen College, and afterwards served 
in the pastorate at Llanelly, Cardiff, Newport, and Portishead. His 
health failing him, be retired from the ministry, and settled at 
Clifton, near Bristol. His attainments were considerable. He 
regularly read the Hebrew Bible and the Greek Testament, and had a 
fair knowledge of Latin. He was one of the best Welsh scholars of 
the day, and an exceptionally able Welsh etymologist. In 1848 he 
published a volume if his successful eisteddfod poems (Cardiff: 
Owen and Roberts) ; and in 1863 published another volume of his 
poetical compositions (Llanelly : J. Thomas). He was the author of 
" An Essay on the Philosophical Construction of Celtic Nomenclature, 
more particularly in reference to the Welsh Names of Places in Wales, 
to which is adiled a Vocabulary of Celtic Names of Places in Scotland " 
(Bristol : Jefferies & Sons, 1869). yCongreg. Year Book, 1880; Cardiff 

James, James, 1833-1902, " lago ab leuan," a musician, was a 
native of Argoed, Merionethshire, his father being Evan James, 
" leuan ab lago," a poet of no mean fame. His father, when lago ab 
leuan was still comparatively young, removed to Pontypridd, and here 
his son for many years assisted him in his trade as a weaver. It was 
during this time that the son composed the music for the Welsh 
national anthem, " Hen Wlad fy Nhadau " (The Land of my Fathers), 
his father having written the words. [The Cambrian, 1902, p. 100.) 

James, John, -about 1820, a Calvinistic Methodist deacon 

and hymn-writer, was a native of South Wales, and resided for many 
years near Llanymddyfri. He wrote many hymns of great merit. 


among them being " Mae'r d\-dd yn agos gwawrio, medd fy iTydd," 
and " 'Does feildyg yn fy w, na balm o un rhyw." (Hanes Emynwijr.) 

James, John, 1777-1848, a Baptist minister and hymn- writer, 
was born at Aberystwith. He was pastor first at the Baptist Chapel in 
his native town ; afterwards at Pontrhydyryn, near Pont}'[)ool, and 
finally at Bridgeml, Glamorganshire, where he died. In 1811, he 
published a collection of hymns, which contains aliout thirty of his 
own composition. His most popular hymns are " Denwch, bech- 
aduriaid, deuwch, ceisiwch heddwch yn y gwaeil " ; " Gwrandewir 
gweddi'r gwael av'n gruddfan ar y llawr " ; and " Mae myrddiynau 
o'r rhai duaf." [Hanes Emynwyr.) See Enwog. Sir Aberteifi. 

James, John, 1815-1851, "loan Meiiion," an essayist, was the 
son of .John and Sarah Jones, and was born at a small farmhouse 
called Tygwyn, in the parish of Llanymawddwy, Merionethshire. 
Having spent his boyhood in the neighbourhood of Dinas Mawddwy, 
he settled down in London, where he rose to a comfortable position 
through his marriage to a lady of means. He acted as one of the 
assistant commissioners appointed by the Government, in 184G, to 
enquire into the state of education in Wales. Their reports were very 
severely commented upon, and Mr. James came in for a fair share of 
displeasure, his report being the subject of a trenchant article by 
Dr. Lewis Edwards in the " Traethodydd." He was afterwards 
appointed secretary to the Welsh School, near London, and for some 
time edited a Welsh newspaper called " Y Oymro." He died in 
London, and was buried in the churchyard of Llanymawddwy. 
(Enwog. Meirion ; Bi/e-Gones, 1894, p. 427.) See Traethodi/d^l, 1848, 
art. Addysg yn Nghymru : Reports of the Commissioners, by Lewis 
Edwards, D.D. 

James, Maria, -about 1838, a poetess, left Wales for 

America when seven years of age. At that time she could only speak 
Welsh. She found employment as a nurse, but soon attracted 
attention on account of the beautiful poems she composed. After her 
death a volume of her poetrj' was published in New York, under the 
title of " Wales, and other Poems," with an introduction and a 
biographical sketch from the pen of the Rev. A. Potter, D.D. 
{Enwug. C. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Dr. Jones' Gymry of the '76 ; 
Y Brython, vol. 5, p. 158. 

James, Philip, 1664-1748, a Baptist preacher, was born in the 
parish of Llandeilo, on the borders of Glamorgansliire and Carmarthen- 
shire. His parents were members of the Established Church, and 
they educated the son for the church, but before he took orders he 
saw reason to change his views, and joined the Baptists. He wa-s 
subsequently disowned by his parents, and wandered to Welshpool, 
where he resided for some years. For some time he lived with a 
medical gentleman of the Baptist denomination, with whom he was 
naturally led to the study of medicine, in the knowledge of which he 
became very proficient. Later on he returned to his native place, and 
began to preach in connection with the Baptists at Swansea, continuing 
for some years with much acceptance and deserving reputation. About 


1705 he settled at Warwick as pastor of the Baptist cause, removing 
afterwards to Heniel Hempsted, in Herts. (Noncon. Memorial.) 

James, Richard, 1804-I.S67, a Baptist minister, was born at 
Lhiiiddarog, Cannartheiishire. He began preaching about the year 
1819, and soon afterwards entered Bradford College, then under the 
able presidency of Dr. Steadinan. At the close of his college course 
he was appointed by the North Wales Baptist Association as a 
missionary in the maiitime {tarts of Flintshire, and resided at 
Rhuddlan. In 1825 he removed to Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, to 
undertake the pastorate of the Bajttist Church in that town. Great 
prosperity attended his ministry there, and his renown as a preacher 
of the first rank was established. He held this pastorate till 1838, 
when he accepted an invitation from the Baptist Church meeting at 
Carmel Chapel, Pontypridd, where he laboured with great success till 
1853. His reputation as a preacher was enhanced during his stay 
there, and wherever he was announced to preach, crowded congrega- 
tions was the result. He continued to reside in Pontypridd till 1857, 
when lie removed to Caerphilly, having accepted an invitation to the 
pastorate at Tonyfelin. {Baptist Handbook, 188ti.) 

James, Robert, 1825-1879, "Jeduthyn," a musician, was a 
native of Aberdare, but removed at an early age to Mertliyr Tydfil. 
He spent about five years in Australia, but afterwards settled in 
Pennsylvania, where he held the office of Clerk of the Courts of Luzerne 
county. He won several Eisteddfodic prizes for musical compositions, 
and, while at Mertliyr Tydfil, he published a collection of tunes under 
the title of " Organ y Cyssegr." He was a very successful choir 
conductor, and was one of the early teachers of Dr. Joseph Parry, 
whose sister he had married. (B. Cerddorion Cymreig.) 

James, Samuel, about 17U0- a Nonconformist minister 

and author, was a son of the Rev. Phillip James, a native of 
Carmarthenshire. He was for some years pastor at Hitchin, where he 
died. In 1760, he published " An Abstract of the previous dealings of 
God with several eminent Cliristians in their conversation and suffer- 
ings, taken from authentic manuscripts, and publisheil for the comfort 
and establishment of serious minds," a work which met with a ready 
sale, a third edition lieing called for. {G. B.) 

James, Thomas, 1817-1879, "Llallawg," a clergyman and 
antiquary, was l)oru at the old rectory house of Manordeify, near 
Cardigan. For some time after entering holy orders he was curate at 
Much Wenlock, Salop, and aftewards held a curacy in Derbyshire, 
where he stayed until 1846, when he was a})pointed to the incum- 
bency of Netherthong. He was well versed in antiquarian matters, 
and was a valued contributor to " Bye-Gones." {Bye-Goties, 1879, 
p. 261.) 

James, Thomas, 1827-1899, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, 
was born ;it Llansawel, Carmarthenshire, and began life as a shoemaker, 
afterwards finding employment at the Dowlais Ironworks. After 
saving a little money, he entered the Ffrwdfal Grammar School, and 


proceeded in due course to Trevecca, thence to Glasgow, where he 
graduated M.A. He then settled at Llaiielly, where he kept a grammar 
school for some years. He was modei'ator of the South Wales 
Association in 187."), and secretary of Trevecca College for many years. 
He also acted as editor of Y Oi/lchgrawri. (Blwyddiadur y Methndist- 
iaid Galfinuidd.) See }' Geninen, March, IDOO, p. ;57. 

James, Sir "WiUiam, Bart., 1721-1783, a distinguished 
naval officer, was a native of Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire. At the 
age of twelve, in accordance with his own wish, he became a sailor. 
He was gradually promoted to responsible stations, and in 1749 the 
East India Company appointed him to the command of the "Guardian," 
equipped as a ship of war, and for two years he was employed in 
defending merchant ships against pirates. In 17.01 he received the 
chief command of the Company's naval forces. In 175G he completely 
destroyed the power of the pirate "Angria," and, on his return to 
England, was presented by the company with an elegant gold-hilted 
sword. Soon afterwards he was chosen a director of the company, 
and afterwards entered Parliament. A person who knew him 
intimately says that " as a thorough, practical seaman he was almost 
without an equal ; as an officer he was brave, vigilant, prompt, and 
resolute ; patient in difficulty, with a presence of mind that seemed to 
grow from danger." (Fenton's Pembrokeshire ; Pennant's View of 
Hindostan : Diet. Em. W.) See Naval Chronicle, vol. 13, p. 89, 
with engraved portrait by Reynolds ; Notes and Queries. 2nd series, 
vol. 12, pp. 2a, 3,54, 402 ; Low's History of the Indian Navy, vol. 1, 
chap. 4 ; Imp. Diet. Biog. 

James, William, 1833-1905, a Calvinistic Methodist minister 
and author, was a native of Cardiganshire, and in due time entered 
Bala College, under Dr. Lewis Edwards. He afterwards spent three 
years at the University College, London, graduating B.A. in 1862. In 
18153 he became pastor at Aberdovey, and after a ministry of three 
years he removed to Manchester, as pastor of the church which then 
worshipped in a small building in Grosvenor Sijuare, but which later 
removed to a handsome new chapel in IMoss Lane East. Here he 
remained till his death. In 187G, he ilelivered the ordination address 
on "Church Polity"; in 1888, he was elected moderator of the 
North Wales Association ; and, in LS9"i, moderator of the General 
Assembly. He was selected Davies lecturer in 1897, and took as his 
subject, "The Church, its Sacraments and Ministry." He wrote a 
number of text-books on the Pauline Epistles, which were marked by 
sound scholarshi|) and exegetical power ; and contributed several 
articles to the Traethodydd and other periodicals. A wide and 
industrious reader, his intellectual interests were not restricted l)y 
denominational or other limits : as a preacher, he clung to the style 
of the strong men among whom he was bivmght up ; he was content, 
whether he spoke in English or in his native Welsh, with nothing but 
the purest language and the best thiukiutr h<' could produce. {The 
Manchester (iuardia)i, 2^\i\\ October, 1905.) See Y (ienin/n, March, 
1906, p. 1. 


James, Sir William Milbourne, 1S07-18S1, Lord Justice, 
was the son of Chiistuplier Jann'S, und was born at Merthyr Tj-dfil. 
He was culled to the Bar in ; for some time he attended the 
Welsh Sessions, but afterwards confined his woi-k almost entirely to 
the Court of Chancery. Although not a hrilliant speaker, he was a 
sound advocate, with a thorough knowledge of law. In 1870, he 
became a Lord Justice of Appeal and a Privy Councillor. He was a 
deep student of Indian history, and wrote a book on " The British in 
India." {Did. Nat. Biog.) See Times, 9th June, 1881 ; Solicitors' 
Journal, 11th June, 18.S1 ; Eulogium by Baron Bramwell in Times, 
loth June, ISSl. 

Jeduthyn, see James, Robert. 

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743 -1S2G, third President of the United 
States of America, whose ancestors were from the foot of Snowdon, in 
Carnarvoiisliire, was born in Virginia, U.S.A. He always boasted of 
his ancient British blood. Parton, the biographer, said of him, " Of 
all the pul>lic men who have figured in the United States, he was 
incomparably the best scholar, and the most variously accomplished 
man. And he was a Welshman, whose ancestors lived in sight of 
Mount Snowdon. No man was ever more fond of his Welsii blood 
than he." " His ancestry was Welsh," says Shepp ; and Duykinick, in 
his " Gallery of Eminent Men and Women," v. 1., p. 296, says, " His 
father, Peter Jefferson, belonged to a family originally from Wales." 
He was admitted to the bar in 1767 ; was elected a member of the 
famous congress of representatives of the various colonies at Phil- 
adelphia in 177."); and afterwards served as Secretary of State in 
Washington's cabinet. In 1797 he became Vice-President under 
John Adams (see ante), and in 1801 he overthrew the Federalists and 
was elected President. In 1805 he was chosen President for a second 
term. During his last years he founded the University of Virginia. 
As the antlior of the Declaration of Independence, and the founder of 
the Republican (Democratic) Party, he has i)robal)ly exerted a greater 
influence on the institutions of America than any other American, 
except Washington. {Welshmen as Factors, dc. ; Lippincott.) See 
Henry S. Randall's Life of T. Jefferson, 3 v., 1858 ; Griswold's Pro&e 
Writers of America ; Edinhifrgh Revieiv for July, 1830 ; B. L. 
Rayner's Life of Thomas Jefferson, 1834 ; Theodore Dwight's Character 
of T. Jefferson, 1839 ; an excellent article on Jetl'erson in the New 
American Cijclopnedia (liy John E. Cooke) ; Wales, v. 1, p. 282 ; Ibid, 
V. 3, p. 21. 

Jeffreys, John, -1766, a civil servant, appears to have been 

born at the close of William Ill's reign, and was of a Breconshiro 
family, thou!,'!i iiothing is known of his early life. At the general 
election of 1731, he was retiirned for Breconshire, Ijeing re-elected in 
1741. He seems to have soon attracted the attention of the leading 
Ministers, and in 1742, he was appointed Joint Secretary of the 
Treasury. This post he held tdl May, 174t), when he resigned. In 
the election of 1747, he transferred his services to the Borougli of 
Dartmouth, or as it was named, Clifton Dartmouth Hardness. On the 
promotion of James West to the Joint Secretaryship of the Treasury, 


in May, 1752, Mr. Jeffreys Biicceedeil him in his place of Secretary to 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer. In 11:)4:, he was apijointed Warden 
of the Mint. {The Red Dragon.) 

Jeffreys, John Gwyn, 1<SU'.1-1S85, conchologist, was born at 
Swansea, and was articled to a local solicitor. He was called to the 
bar in 1856, and retired from practice ten years later, his tastes being 
rather scientific than legal. He was a Fellow of the Linnean Society, 
and of the Royal Soeiety : the University of St. Andrew's bestowed 
upon him the honorary degree of LL.D., and he did much work in 
connection with the British Association. He wrote more than a 
hundred papers on scientific subjects, but he is best known by his 
work on " British Conchology," in hve volumes, which is regarded 
as the authority on the subjeLt. His numerous scientific papers on 
conchological subjects have a special value, because of his intimate 
knowledge of English tertiary shells, and their relation to modein 
deep sea and littoral forms. His " Synopsis of the Pulmonobranchano 
Mollusca of Great Britain " was written when he was l)ut nineteen 
years of age. On several occasions he either conducted or took 
part in exploring voyages in the North Atlantic and on the North 
Eastern coast of the United States. (Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Bye-Gunes, 
1885, p. 171.) See Proceedings ttf the Ruyal Society, 1885, pp. 1-15 ; 
Nature, 1885, p. ;!17 ; Royal Society's Gcitalogi(e of Scientific Papers, 
1865-1878 ; Red Dragon, vol. 7, p. 289. 

Jenkins, Charles Vanbrugh, 1822-1892, a soldier, was of 

Welsh parentage, being the son of Mr. Robert B. C. L. Jenkins, of 
Charlton Hill, Shrewsbury, by his marriage with Elizabeth, second 
daughter of ]\Ir. Richard Jenkins, of Bicton. He entered the Indian 
army in August, J 839, and served with the Bengal Light Cavali-y in 
the Afghanistan campaign of l.S4:2, under General Pollock, taking 
part in the forcing of the Khyber Pass, the relief ot Jellalabad, and all 
the actions leading to the re-occupation of Cabul, including the cavalry 
charge in the Tezetii Valley, for which services iie received the medal. 
He also took part in the Gwalioi' campaign of 184.'>-4, including the 
battle of Maharajpore, for which he had th(^ bronze star ; in the 
Sutlej campaign of 1846, including the battle of Aliwal, for which he 
also had the medal ; and in the Punjaub in 1848-9, for which he 
received a third medal, with two clasps. He Ijecame a lieutenant- 
colonel in 1862, and retired from the 19th Hussars in July, 1877, on 
an Indian pension. He afterwards resided at Cruckton Hall, near 
Shrewsbury, where he died. (Bye-irones, 1892, p. 467.) 

Jenkins, David Miles, 18;)7-iy01, a Congregational minister 
and author, was born at Trelyn, Monmouthshire. On his mother's 
side he was descended from Miles of Olchon, reputed to be the founder 
of the Strict Baptist denomination in Wales. Commencing to preach 
in 1856 he went to Newcustle Emlyn for preparation, and thence to 
Bala College, where he remained until 1861, when he was ordained at 
Aberhosan. In 1866 he removed to Newtown, Montgomeryshire, and 
in 1870 to Penmaenmawr, \\here his work was abundantly blessed. 
In 1874 he became minister of the English church at Morriston, 


Swansea, and two years latei- went to Park Road. Liverpool, where for 
23 years he laboured with unvarying success. He was among the first 
to suggest the formation of the Welsh Congregational Union, of 
which, in 1895, he was elected chairman. His address, iu that 
capacity, on " The Preacher in the Light of the Changing Conditions 
of the Nation," takes a very high place among the addresses from the 
chair. It was timely, eloquent, iirogressive, yet fired with loyalty to 
the central truths of tlie Gospel. The prevailing notes of his preaching 
were intellectuality, earnestness, conviction, and intensity. As a 
student of theology he had few compeers, and all his compositions 
shewed evidences of careful preparation. In conjunction with the 
Rev. D. Rowlands (Dewi Mon), he published a volume of Welsh 
" Sermons for the Times " (Liverpool: 1870). {Congreg. Year Bunk, 
n»02 ; Cnrdijtj' Catalogue.) See )' Geninen, March, ii>03, p. 4.^ 

Jenkins, Ebenezer E., 1820-l'.K)r), a Wesleyan minister, was 
born in South Wales. Having been accepted by the Conference of 
184.5, he was ai)i)ointed to work in India. For nearly nineteen years, 
most of which were spent in the Mailras district, he devoted his lare 
powers to missionary service in its various branches. Profoundly 
appreciating the value of higher education as a missionary agency, he 
established the Royapettah College, ami in other effective ways 
laboured for the enliglitenment of Hindu youth and the training of 
the younger members of the Christian community. His missionary 
zeal was not, however, limited to educational work, though he 
continued to ))e its apologist and advocate to the close of his life. In 
186;{ he was compelled to return to England. His ministry in many 
of the principal circuits of the connexion was characterised by all his 
rare qualities of mind and iieart, and bore abundant fruit. In 1877, 
he became one of the general secretaries of the Missionary Society, 
and, for the remainder of his period of active service, took part in the 
administration of the missions to which he had been so long devoted. 
In 1880 he was president of the Conference, a fitting crown of his 
distinguished career. He graduated JjL.D. {Minutes nf Conference, 

Jenkins, Herbert, 1 '21 -1772, a Nonconformist preache:, was 
born at Mynyddislwyn, in Monmouthshire, and after receiving a 
suitable education at the Baptist College, Bristol, he devoted himself to 
the work of the ministry. He had joined Howell Harris (see ante), in 
1740, and is mentioned in 1742, as an appointed "exhorter" among the 
Methodists. Mr. WhitelieUl having met him in Wales, and being 
struck with his eloquence, induced him to preach at his Tabernacle in 
London, and for some years afterwards he laboured as an English 
evangelist in various parts of the country. In 174'.*, lie was ordained 
minister of the Independent Church at Maidstone, in Kent. (^Border 
Counties' Worthies.) 

Jenkins, Isaac, 1812-1877, a Wesleyan minister, was born 
Aberystwith, and after labouring with zeal and success as a local 
preacher, he entered the Theological Institution at Hoxton, where he 
spent two years. He afterwards served the connexion faithfully for 
23 years as the financial secretary of a district. As a preacher, his 

,*<1I^ -^0^ 


Rev. D. M. Jenkins. 

*i ^%^ 





-, Li,.D., FJtS. 


style was simple and chaste ; and the delivery of his sermons was often 
accompanied with great power. He also wrote much for the instruction 
and spiritual welfare of the young. (Rees' Hist.) 

Jenkins, James, 1S29-1896, a Baptist minister, was a native of 
Llanganimarch Wells, Breconshire. As a lad, he assisted his father, 
who was a farmer. In 1849 he was received into Haverfordwest 
College, and after a three years' course, he began his successful and 
long ministry at Bethlehem, Newport, where he spent the whole of his 
ministerial life. As a preacher, he stood in the front rank. He was 
powerful and eloquent, and was constantl}' invited to special services 
in North and South Wales. He was twice chairman of the Pembroke- 
shire Baptist Association, and in 1890 was elected president of the 
Baptist Union of Wales. He published " Holwy-iMoreg ar yr lawn " 
(a Catechism on the Atonement), Carmarthen : W. M. Evans, aliout 
1890. {Bfiptist Handbook, 1897 ; Cardiff Gatalugue.) 

Jenkins, John, 1656-1733, a Baptist minister, was a native of 
Cilmaenllwyd, Carmarthenshire, and served in the ministry for many 
years at Rhydwilym, South Wales. He took a leading part in the 
controversy regarding Baptism. He left beliind him a volume of 
sermons in manuscript, and these were published by Wm. Herbert, 
under the title of " A Golden Grove in a stormy day, or Saint Cordial 
in persecuting times." (Enwog. C.) 

Jenkins, John, about 1740- who took a prominent part 

in the American War, was a descendant of one of the Welsh settlers in 
the Wyoming Valley. In August, 1775, he called a meeting in which 
it was resolved that those present should join their brethren " in the 
common cause of defending their liberty." In February, 1781, he set 
out with his company to join Washington at headquarters on the 
Hudson, and took part in the battle of King's Bridge. He accompanied 
the army to Yorktown, and was at the surrender of Cornwallis. 
( Welshmen as Factors, &c.) 

Jenkins, John, 1770-1829, " Ivor Ceri," a clergyman and author, 
was the second son of Mr. Griffith Jenkins, of Cilbronau, in the parish 
of Llaagoedmor, Cardiganshire His early education he received from 
a neighbouring school, and at the Academy at Carmarthen, afterwards 
proceeding to Oxford, where he graduated M.A. He was one of 
the le;iding spirits in the revival of the National Eisteddfod at 
Carmarthen, in 1819, and took a prominent part in several subsequent 
Eisteddfodau. He was a frequent contributor on antiquarian and other 
sul)ji.'cts to the Cambrian Quarterly Review, and under the name of 
"Hooker" to the Gwyliedydd. One or two sermons and some poetry 
of his were also published. He was also an accomplished musician, 
and contributed not a little to rescue some of the old Welsh tunes 
from olilivion. {Mont. Worthies.) See Cymrii, v. 30, p. 41 ; 
Y tieninen, 1897, p. 201; B. Cerddorion Gymreig ; Enivog. Sir 

Jenkins, John, 1779-1853, of Hengoed, a Baptist minister and 
autiior, and >iue of the laost remarkable instances of self-educated men, 


was a native of the parish of Llangynider, Breconshire, his father being 
a labourer with a large family, so that he could not give his children any 
educational advantages. John Jenkins never spent a day at school, 
but with assistance he learned to read the Welsh Bible, afterwards 
joining the Baptists. When 21 years of age, and while working as a 
miner, he began to preach, and in 180G he was ordained as minister. 
In 1811, he published a Body of Divinity, and six years later began 
to write his Commentary on the Bible, completing it in ISIU. He also 
published a large number of essays on religious subjects. He received 
the degree of D.D., and he was unquestionably one of the brightest 
ornaments of the denomination in Wales ; as a preacher he was always 
acceptal)le and edifying, and often remarkably affecting. (Rees' Hist.) 
See Cofiant y Parch. John Jones, Talysarn, p. 479 ; Hemes Lien. G. 

Jenkins, John, 1807-1872, a Baptist minister and missionary, 
was the third sun of Dr. John Jenkins (1779-1853, see ante), and in 
1834, he volunteered to serve as a missionary in Brittany. He immedi- 
ately set to work to learn the Breton language, and then published a 
Breton reading book. At his suggestion the British and For^gn 
Bible Society entrusted the task of translating the Bible to M. 
Legonidec, an eminent Breton scholar, and his rendering of the New 
Testament was published. It proved, however, to be almost unin- 
telligible to the people for whom it was intended, and another 
translation became necessary. This work fell to the lot of Mr. 
Jenkins, and his translation proved so acceptai)le that five eilitions of 
the whole Bible were published within a few yeais, the first in 1847. 
He also translated " Booth's Biljle Stories," and a number of i)aniphlets, 
hymns, &c. He was remarkably successful, and his open-air services 
were frequently attended by thousands of people. {Cymru, v. 9, p. 

Jenkins, John, 1808-1884, a Unitarian minister, afterwards a 
barrister, eldest sou of Mr. David Jenkins, builder, was born at 
Swansea, and completed his education at Glasgow, graduating M.A. 
He was minister at Rivington, 1832-4 ; Yeovil, 1834-7 ; and Boston, 
1837-9. He afterwards became a schoolmaster at Swansea, where he 
founded the Swam^ea and Glamorgan Herald, 14th July, 1847. He 
took a prominent part in public affairs ; was one of the lecturers of 
the Anti-Corn Law League, and assistant commissioner to the 
Elementary Education Commission, 1859. He was called to the Bar 
in 1865, and joined the Midland circuit. In the library of the Royal 
Institution of South Wales, at Swansea, there are three of his works : 
" A Sermon preached at Preston in 1847 " ; " Address of the South 
Wales Counties and Boroughs Ballot Society to the Public, per John 
Jenkins, secretary, pro. tem.r 1851 ; and " The Ballot and Ministerial 
Reform : What ought to be done ? " 1852. (JFhe Unitarian Students 
at the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen, Rev. R. Jenkin Jones, M.A., 
1901, p. 28 ; Vestiges of Protestant Dissent, George Eyre Evans, 1897 ; 
Foster's Men at tlie Bar.) 

Jenkins, John, 1821-1896, a solicitor and author, was the youngest 
son of Mr. Edward Jenkins, flannel manufacturer, Llanidloes, 


Montgomerysliire. He was articled to Mr. John Owen, solicitor, 
Newtown, and in 1842 settled in Llanidloes, where he practised for 
manj' years with conspicuous success. Early in his career he became 
impressed with the necessity for a reform of legal procedure, and 
contributed to the Eclectic Review papers on Law Reform and Local 
Courts. In 1845, he published a pamphlet on "Law Reform," which 
obtained the approval of Lord Brougham, who proposed him a member 
of the Law Amendment Society, in which he advocated principles 
almost identical with the County Courts Act. On the passing of the 
first Act in 1846, he was appointed County Court registrar for the 
district. He was also author of " The Laws relating to Religious 
Liberty " (1880) ; " The Laws concerning Religious Worship ; " 
"Mortmain and Charitable Uses "(1885); and his paper on "The 
Feudal System " was printed in the second edition of " Some Specimens 
of the Poetry ot the Autient Welsh Bards," (Llanidloes : 0. Mills, 
1862). In 1873, he edited an interesting work entitled " The Poetry 
of Wales " (Llanidloes : J. Pryse), containing English translations of 
some of the best known Welsh poetry. (Bi/e-Oones, 1896, p. 298 ; 
Cm-cliff' Catrilofj lie.) 

Jenkins, Joseph, 174:5-1819, a Particular Baptist, was the son of 
Evan Jenkins, pustor of the Baptist Church at Wrexham, and was 
born in that town. In his sixteenth year he studied Greek and 
Hebrew under Mr. Walker in London, and in 1761 secured one of Dr. 
Ward's exhibitions to King's College, Aljerdeen, where he graduated 
M.A. and D.D. in 1765. In the following year he settled in London, 
but three years later returned to Wrexham, and in 1773 was 
ordained to the pastorate of " the old meeting," formerly held by his 
father. In the same year he published his " Confession of Faith " 
at Shrewsbury. He also published a number of sermons and tracts, 
chiefly in defence of his views on baptism. Some of the former were 
collected, in 1779, in two volumes, and the latter were also issued in 
volume form. He was also the author of " The Orthodox Dissenting 
Ministers' Reasons for a further apjtlication to Parliament for Relief 
in the matter of Suliscription " (London, 1775) ; " Discourses on 
Select Passages of Sacred History " (Shrewsbury, 1779) ; and 
" Reflexions on the Apology of the Rev. Theophilus Lindsay, being a 
Defence of the Doctrine of the Trinity." (Enwog. C. ; Lhjfrydd. y 
Gymry.) See Diet. Nat. Biug. \ Wilson's Disaevting Churches ; Gent. 
Mag., vol. 89 ; Baptist Annual Register ; Bimhill Memurials ; 
Palmer's Noncon. in Wre.rhant ; Joshua Thomas' Hancs y Bedyddwyr ; 
Watt's Bihl. Brit. ; General Baptist Repository ; New Evangelical 
Mag., vol. 1, p. 118 ; Y Brython, vol. 2, 2nd edition, p. 412. 

Jenkins, Llewelyn, 1810-1878, a Baptist minister, was the 
fourth son of the Rev. John Jenkins, D.D. (1779-1853, see ante). He 
was employed in his father's printing office in Merthyr Tydfil, and 
afterwards he and his brother John, having removed their printing 
offices to Cardiff, brought out a Welsh Baptist magazine, )* Great. 
In 1862, he became the prime mover in the raising of a Baptist 
building fund for Wales. He wrote numerous articles and letters to 
stir up the churches and kindle enthusiasm on the subject, and 


travelled thousands of miles during four years in collecting the fund. 
When the fund reached £13,000 he was seized at Llamlrindod with 
heart disease, and died on the 18th Septeml)er, 1S78. He wa.s buried 
at Maesycymraer, near Cardiff, where he had resided for some years. 
He was the author of a Welsh " History of the Baptist Cause at 
Hengoed " (CardifiE : W. Jones, 1861) ; and, with tlif Rev. Timothy 
Thomas, wrote a Welsh biography of the Rev. Thomas Morris, 
Newport (CardiflL' : Owen and Roberts, 1847j. {Baptist Handbuuk, 

Jenkins, Nathaniel, 1678- , a Nonconformist minister, 

was born in Wales, Init emigrated to America, where he rose to great 
eminence. He settled at Cape May, New Jersey, and in his cap.xcity 
as member of the Colonial Legislature of that State, in 1721, he 
strenuously opposed and defeated a bill " to punish all who denied 
the Trinity, Christ's Divinity, and the Inspiration of the Scriptures." 
(Welshmen as Factors, &r.) 

Jenkins, Robert, 182.5-1894, a naval officer, of Welsh descent, 
was born near Shrewsbury, and entered the Navy as a cadet in 1838. 
In 1840, he was engaged in the operations on the east coast of Syria, 
for which he received the war medal and the Turkish medal and 
clasp. Two years later he took a stirring part in the China War : his 
services were specially mentioned in the " Gazette," and he was 
awarded the China medal. Later he was engaged on the Buffalo 
River in South Africa, and for his services in the Kaffir War of 1851 
he received the medal. In 1854, he was commander of the " Talbot " in 
the Arctic expedition, and was awarded the Arctic medal. In 1855-6, 
he was engaged on the " Comus " in the suppression of piracy, and he 
took an active part in the subsequent China War, receiving the China 
clasp. Subsequently he was engaged on an important mission to the 
king of the Fiji Islands, and succeeded in settling all matters in 
dispute between Europeans and Fijians without resort to force. He 
attained the rank of admiral, and in the New Zealand War, in 1863-64. 
commanded the Thanus, Tauranga, and Maketu Expeditions, being 
afterwards created a C.B. In 1800, he was placed on the retired list, 
and took up his residence at Shrewsbury. He was buried at Wroxeter. 
{Bye-Goiies, 1894, p. 429.) 

Jenkins, Thomas, 1799-1857. a Congregational minister and 
hymn writer, was the son of a farmer near Llandebie, Carmartlienshire, 
and was ordained in 1827. He published two collections of hymns, 
one for use at temperance meetings, and the other, for public worship, 
under the title of " Ffrydiau o Libanus." Some of his hymns became 
very popular, in particular those which begin — " Mae gorsedd fawr y 
nef"; "Mae Duw yn niaddeu pechod"; and "Ni gotiwn y cur dan 
hoelion o ddur." {Hanes Emynwyr.) 

Jenkins, Titus, 1804-1834, eldest son of the Rev. Dr. John 
Jenkins (1779-1853, see ante), was born at Blaina, Monmouthshire, and 
educated for the ministry at Stepney Baptist Academy. He was 
ordained at Ramsej', Huntingdonshire, but falling into consum]ition 
he had to give up his charge. It is manifest from some things he 


■wrote in Welsh, and from manuscriiits which he left, th;it he was a 
young man of gre.t attainments, a good scholar, a Ijard of excellent 
promise, and a writer of ability. From an English memoir of him, it 
appears he was a forcible spealier, and a very worthy m;in in other 
respects. {Border Counties' Worthies.) 

Jenkins, William, about 1779-lcSt)0, a Calvinistic Metliodist 
minister and poet, was born at Mynydd Bach, near Neath, Glamorgan- 
shire. He first of all joined the Congregationalists, under the ministry 
of the Rev. Lewis Rees, father of the well-known Dr. Abraham Rees, 
but afterwards became a Calvinistic Methodist, and settled at Morriston. 
He composed several excellent elegies to the Revs. David Jones, 
Llangan ; John Evans, New Inn ; an>l Richard Davies, Llansadwrn. 
The last mentioned elegy was published with the biography of Richard 
Davies, by the Rev. D. Hughes, Ci'oss Inn. Mr. Jenkins was also the 
author of a nuniljer of hymns and sacred songs. {Enwog. C.) 

Jenkins, William, 1804-1867, an engineer, was born in 
Cardiganshire, of poor parents. He commenced life as a joiner, and 
spent some time in Liverpool and Bolton, afterwards settling down at 
Miles Platting, Manchester, where he worked his way up to a 
respohsible position in the engineering department of the Lancashire 
and Yorkshire Railway. He introduced several improvements into the 
works, some of which were patented. {Cymry Manceinion.) 

Jenkins, William, 1821-1887, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born at Merthyr Tydfil, and was trained for the ministry 
by the Rev. John Evans, Three Crosses, near Swansea, a remarkably 
able and scholarly man. In 1846 he undertook the pastorate of Capel 
Iwan and Llwyn-yr-hwrdd, near Newcastle Emlyn. Four years later 
he took charge of the c^iuse at Rehoboth, Brynmawr, where his 
ministry was pre-eminently successful. In 1866 he accepted a call to 
Pentre Estyll, Swansea, where hf^ remained till his death. Described 
by some as the " Whitefield of Wales," h^ was for thirtj'^ years one of 
the most prominent preachers in the Principality. His contemporaries 
agree that seWom has there appeared a man whose ministry was 
more seraphic, who left a deeper influence upcm individuals and 
congregations, who was more honoured in the conversion of sinners 
to God. He lectured on several subjects, but his " lectures " were 
akin to sermons. The number of those to whom he gave the right 
hand of fellowship must have approached ;i,000. He had a fine 
presence ; well-jirepared matter ; exquisite diction ; almost jierfect 
elocution : a beautiful voice full of pathos and tremor ; together with 
a sanctified imagination, spiritual fervour, and true Welsh fire. In 
1884 he published one of his lectures and a number of his sermons 
(Llanelly : D. Williams & Son). (Gongreg. Year Book, 1888.) See 
Y Dysgrdi/dd, 1887. 

Jenkyn, Thomas William, 1704-18.58, a Congregational 
minister an(l author, was born at Merthyr Tydfil, He began to preach 
in 1808, and served in the ministry at Wem (Salop), and Rochester. 
He was an excellent scholar ; was elected F.R.G.S. and F.G.S. ; and 
received the degree of D.D. He delivered a series of English lectures 


on "The Atonement," which were afterwards published, and 
through thirteen editions. This volume was translated into Welsh 
bj' the Rev. Richard Parry (Gwalchmai). He also wrote a work on 
" The Union of the Holy Spirit and the Church in the conversion of 
the world." (G.B.) See Gongreg. Tear Book, 1859 ; Y Beirniad, 
1866, p. 266. 

Jeremy, Walter Daniel, 1825-1893, a Unitarian minister, 
afterwards a lawyer, eldest son of the Rev. John Jeremy, of Caeronen, 
was born at Cwmhedw, near L;impeter, Cardiganshire. He graduated 
at Glasgow in 1848 ; settled at Geldeston, Norfolk, as a private tutor 
to the sons of Henry Dowson, Esq., and for some years afterwards 
devoted much of his time to educational work. He became minister 
at Northampton in 1851, but in the following year relinquished the 
ministry. He was called to the bar in 18r)9, and resided in 
London. He published " A Digest of the Proceedings in Chancery 
of Dr. Williams's Trust," and " History of the Presbyterian Fund 
and Dr. Williams's Trust," 1885. He never courted publicity, and as 
a result an obituary notice said of him, " The most distinguished 
Welshman in London has gone to his grave unsung." {The Unitarian 
Stvdents at the Presbyterian College, Garmarthen, 1901, p« 44 ; 
Inquirer, 30 Sept., 1893 ; Yr Ymofynydd, 1893, p. 237.) 

Job, Thomas, 1825-1898, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, was 
born at Rogerly, Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire. He began to preach in 
1842, ami afterwards studied foi' the ministry at David Aaron's School 
at Carmarthen, and at Trevecca College (1847-61), under Dr. Charles. 
He served in the pastorate at Llanddarog (1855-60) ; Llanfynydd 
(1860-65) ; and Cynwyl (1865-98). It may be safely said that he was 
one of the strongest spiritual factors in his native county for a period 
of over 40 years, and although a Nonconformist of the most robust 
type, he was so liroad minded as to lie held in the highest esteem by 
those who differed from him most. He was one of the pioneers of the 
temperance movement in South Wales, and his services on the 
platform were in constant demand. In 1887-8 he occupied the chair 
of the South Wales Association. He was an exceedingly popular 
lecturer, his lively temperament, quaint humour, and sound common- 
sense combining to make him a special favourite. At the date of his 
death he was one of the oldest and best known ministers in the 
connexion. His Biography (Welsh) was written by the Rev. James 
Morris. (C. <k D. Herald ; Private Information.) 

John, David, 1840-1904, a Congregational minister, was a native 
of Swansea, and commenced preaching in connection with Ebenezer 
church in that town, when the Rev. E. Jacob was minister of that 
church. After a course of education at the Brecon Memoi-ial College, 
he was ordained pastor of the churches forming the Llanddeusant 
pastorate, in Anglesey, in the year 1864. Three years later, he 
accepted a call to Booth Street East, Manchester, and faithfully 
ministered there until the end of 1903, when he resigned owing to the 
state of his health. His preaching was simple, earnest, and decidedly 
evangelical. He never departed from the " old paths," nor had he a 


grain of symp;ith.y witli thdse who did. (The British Weekly; 
Gongrcg. Year Book, 1905.) 

John, Harry, 1664- 17ol, "Han-i Sion," a ])oot, was a native 
of Monmoutlishire, and spent the greater part of his life at Pontypool, 
leaving behind him abiding proofs of his ability. He published 
a volume of hymns, and a second edition was called for after his 
death ; (Carmarthen : John Ross, 1773). Other editions appeared in 
177o, 1798, and 1817. His poem on "Marriage" was jiublished with 
a Welsh translation of Seeker's sermon on " The Wedding Ring." 
{Border Coun/ies' Wor/hies ,- Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Johnes, Arthur James, l8U'.t-1871, County Court Judge and 
author, was a native of Montgomeryshire, liis mother being a daughter 
of Thomas Davies, of Llitior, Borriew, in that county. He completed 
his education in London, and in 1829 he secured the chief law-prize 
of the London University. In 1835, he was called to the bar, and in 
1847 became a County Court Judge for part of North and South 
Wales. He held this post until 1870, when he retired on a pension. 
As a judge he was thoroughly impartial and conscientious, and his 
decisions were universally respected, very few, if any, being reversed 
or even appealed against. He understood Welsh thoroughly, and in 
1834 published a small volume containing translations of poems by 
Dafydd ab Gwilym, with a few of his own composition. He is best 
known for his essay on " The Causes of Dissent in Wales," for which 
he won a prize offered by the Cymmrodorion Society, and which has 
passed through several editions. He also published a volume entitled 
" Philological Proofs of the Original Unity and Recent Origin of the 
Human Race" (London: 1843); "Suggestions for a Reform of the 
Court of Chancery by a Union of the Jurisdiction of Equity and 
Law ;" and a number of pamphlets. (Y Genijien, 1883, p. 65 ; 3Iont. 
Worthies.) See Sunday School, etc, p. 30 ; Y Traethodijdd, 1850 ; 
Thomas' Hist, of the Diocese of St. Asaph, p. 152. 

Johnes, John Horatio, 1848-1889, a Congregational minister, 
musician, and poet, was a native of Llanwnog, Montgomeryshire. His 
early education was received at the village school, where he served an 
apprenticeship as a pupil teacher. In 1869, he was admitted to the 
Lancashire Independent College, Manchester, and in the following 
year he matriculated in the London University. In 1874, he accepted 
the pastorate of the Congregational Church, Caroline Street, Longton, 
Staffs., where he laboured for upwards of eleven years. In 1878, he 
was honoured by his ministerial brethren with the Chairmanship of 
the North Staffordshire Union, at the annual meeting of which he 
delivered an address on " Christianity in relation to certain Current 
Tendencies of Thought," which was generally and deservedly spoken 
of as masterly, and which, by special request, was afterwards published. 
In 1885 he removed to Haslingden, where he died four years later. 
He was joint-editor with Mr. D. Emlyn Evans of a revised edition of 
the oratorio — " The Storm of Tiberias " — by the Rev. E. Stephen 
(Tanymarian). He wrote the English words for Mr. Emlyn Evans' 
song, " The Christian's Prayer." {B. Cerddorion Cymreig ; Congreg. 
Year Book, 1890.) 


Johnes, Thomas, 1748-1816, a member of Parliament, came of 
an ancient family in Cardiganshire, and was the son of Thomas 
Johnes, of Llanfair Clydogau and Croft Castle, Herefordshire, who 
was member of Parliament for Radnorshire. He was born at Ludlow, 
and educated at Eton and Jesus College, Oxford, where he graduatei-l 
M.A. He devoted much of his time and money to the improvement 
of his estate at Hafod, and did much to improve the condition of 
agriculture in the district, transferring the peasantry from miserable 
huts to comfortable dwellings, and finding work tor them. He also 
constructed roads and bridges for public accommodation, and wrote 
an excellent pamphlet on improved methods of agriculture, entitled 
" A Cardiganshire Landlord's Advice to his Tenants." This was 
translated into Welsh by Dr. Wm. Owen Pughe. He was a diligent 
cultivator of literature, and published elegant editions of Froissart's 
" Chronicles " and other works. He also translated into English 
" The Travels of Bertrandon de la Brocquiere ... to Palestine " 
(1807). He was a diligent collector of Welsh MSS., and to him was 
dedicated the " Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, with thanks for the 
use of his valuable Collection of Ancient Manuscripts towards 
supplying the contents of it, and as an acknowledgment of his 
Patriotism." He sat in Parliament for the borough of Cardigan, and 
afterwards for the county of Radnor. {Diet. Em. W.) See Burke's 
Hist, of the Landed Gentry or Cummotiers; 1838, vol. 4, p. 61 ; 
Johnes of Dolecothy \ Burke's Diet, of the Landed Gentry, 1868, p. 
785 ; Smith's Tour to Hafod ; Gent. Mag., 1816, part 1. pp. 469, .563, 
564 ; Alliboue's Diet. : Rose's Biog. Diet. ; Nichol's Literary Illus- 
trations, vol. 7, p. 175 ; vol. 8, pp. 285, 303 ; Lewis's Top. Dirt, of 
Wales, s. V. Eglwys Newydd ; Gorton's Top. Diet., vol. 2, s. v. Hafod ; 
Llyfrydd. y Cymry ; Cardiff Catalogue ; Malkin's South Wales, 
vol. 2, p. 87 ; Cymru, vol. 32, p. 272. 

Johns, David, 1794-1843, missionary to Madagascar, was born 
at Llanarth, Monmouthshire. He was ordained in 1826, and set sail 
for Madagascar in the same year. With the help of J. Rainison, 
superintendent of schools, he translated " Pilgrim's Progress" into the 
Malagasy vernacular, and prepared school books and similar works. 
He also published a volume in Welsh, giving a history of the 
persecution of the Christians at Madagascar (Llanelly, 1840), and a 
dictionary of the Malagasy language. {Diet. Nat. Biog.; Cardiff 

Johns, James, 1832-1902, a Congregational minister, was the son 
of the Rev. David Johns, (1794-1843, see ante), and was born in 
Madagascar. He received his education at Springhill, and took his 
degree at the London University. His first pastorate was at Northwich, 
Cheshire, where he laboured for nearly twenty years, building up a 
strong and influential church. For some time he was one of the district 
secretaries of the Union, and in 1873 he was elected to the chairmanship. 
In 1880, he felt it necessary to resign his charge, and accept a smaller 
responsibility at Totnes, Devon. Here he speedily proved his power. 
He was successively elected secretary of the Southern Division of the 
Union ; editor of the Devon Congregational Magazine, and in 1889 


was appointed to t.ho chaii-iuansliip of the rounty. He spent the last 
few j'ears of his life at Upper Claphain, London. {Gongrcg. Year 
Book, 1904.) 

Johns, James, ISIO- 189^, a Baptist ;ninister and author, was 
born at St. Cleans, f ■araiarthenshire, and joined t!ie Baptist Gluirch in 
that place when 11 years of age. Eight years latjr he began to preach, 
and at the age of 22 he entered Haverfordwesr College. After a three 
years' course he was ordained to the pastorate of Bethlehem and Salein, 
near Haverfordwest. In ISTii, he removed to Sardis and Honeyborough, 
in Pembrokeshire, and after eighteen years of faithful service he 
removed to Blaenavon, where he remained till !ns death. He made a 
special study of the history of the Baptists in Wales, and published 
a book entitled " The Ancient British Church and the Modern Welsh 
Baptists " (Carmarthen ; W. M. Evans, 1SS9), which had a very large 
circulation. He was a frequent contributor to denominational and 
other magazines, and a welcome lecturer on various subjects. (Baptist 
Handbook, 1897 ; Cardiff' Cataloguf.) 

Johns, William, 1771-181.^, Unitarian minister and author, was 
a native of Pembrokeshire. He was brought up a strict Calvinist, but 
later on adopted Unitarian views. He became minister at N;intwich, 
and subsequently at Manchester. In the latter town, he conducted 
a school with notable success for nearly l?0 years. He read a number 
of papers before the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 
which shewed a wide and accurate knowledgi; both of literary and 
scientific subjects. He was a prolific writer, and at least nine of his 
works were published. {Did. Nat. Biog.) 

Jones, Arthur, 1776-1860, a Congregational minister and anthoi, 
was born near Llanrwst, Denbighshire. He joined the Calvinistic 
Methodists at an early age, and soon began t<j preach. On removing to 
Denbigh he transferred his membership to the Congregationalists. 
In January, 1810, he became pastor of the Independent Church at 
Bangor, and five years later he left there to un'iertake the care of the 
United Welsh Churches at Deptford and Woolwich, in Kent. In the 
spring of 1823 he returned to Bangor, retiiing in 18.54, and taking up 
his abode in Chester. He was interred in the burial ground of 
Caegwiyin Chapel, near Bangor. He was undoubtedly one of the best- 
known preachers of the day. He wrote a work on theology, entitled, 
" Pyngciau Athrawiaethol " (Bangor, 1838), and a volume on the 
Rhetoric of the Scriptures. He translated Fletcher's " Life of 
Christ " into Welsh, the woik being issued in 18.')t;. He also published 
a number of tracts and sermons. [Enivog. C. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 
See Cong. Year Book, 18(51 : Y Genincn, March, 1891, p. 27 ; Y 
Traethodyd,!, 1881, p. 438 ; Y Beirnmd, 186G, p. 69, ct seq. 

Jones, Benjamin, 17.56-1823, a Congregational minister and 
author, was a native of the parish of Llinwinio, Carmarthenshire, his 
parents being members of the Estal)lished Church. He joined the 
Congregationalists, and spent four years at Abergavenny College. He 
was ordained at Pencader, in his native county, and remained there as 
pastor for three years, afterwards removing to Anglesey, and seven 


years later (in 1708), to Pwllheli, where he died. The cause at 
Pwllheli prospered greatly under his ministry-. In 1793, he published 
three sermons on the Doctrine of the Trinity (Machynlletli : T. Evans) ; 
and in 1805, an essay on the Doctrine of Election (Carnarvon : T. 
Roberts). {Enwog. C. ; Cardiff Cntali/gue.) See G.B., v. 2, p. 5 ; 
Enwng. y Ffydd, v. 4, p. '.\%i \ Lhjfrydd. ij Gymrij ; Hanes Eglivysi 
Annihytinol Cyinru, v. 3, p. 16!). 

Jones, Benjamin, 1781-1811, "P.A. Mon," a writer of prose and 
verse, was a native of Angelsey, and spent the greater part of his life 
at Holyhead. He was an ardent Baptist, and wrote a reply, published 
in book form in 1830, to the attack of the Rev. David Owen (Brutus) 
upon that denomination. In 1831 he wrote a further reply to Brutus, 
and in 1838 there appeared his " Temperance versus Teetotalism : the 
total overthrow of Teetotalism." He also translated into Welsh a 
theological work by Rushton. {Enivog. G. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 
Several of his poems are to be found in Seren Gonier for 1810, 1820, 
and 1821. 

Jones, Cadwaladr, 1783-1867, a Congregational minister, was 
born at Llaiiuwchllyn, near Bala, ^Merionethshire, and after completing 
his education at Wrexham, he was ordained in 1811, and became pastor 
of the cause at Dolgelly and Islawrdre. The churches under his care 
extended over a tract of country more than fourteen miles in length. 
He was an excellent theologian, and a very acceptable jireacher. For 
thirty years he edited Y Dysgedydd, the cunnexional magazine which 
was started in 1827. He published a inunphlet, entitled " Amddiffyniad 
yr Ymneillduwyr " (A Defence of Nonconformists), in the form of a 
letter to the Rev. John Elias (Dolgelly : R. Richards, 1821). {Enwog. 
Meirion.) See Cong. Year Hook, 1868 ; Cardiff Catalogue. 

Jones, Cadwaladr, 1704-188.'>, a musician, was a native of 
Trawsfynydd, Merionethshire, and commenced life as a stone-mason. 
He had a remarkable talent for music, and spent some time under the 
tuition of Dr. Pring, organist of Bangor Cathedral. He composed a 
number of tunes and anthems, and rendered excellent service as a 
teacher of music in various jiarts of North Wales. {B. Cerddorion, 

Jones, Sir Charles Thomas, 1778 -about 1860, a naval officer, 

was the third son of Charb'S Thomas .lones, Esq., of Froufraith, near 
Aberniule, Montgomeryshire. He entered the navy in 1791, and was 
present in the action of the Ist June, 1794 ; also in that of the 23rd 
June, 170.5, when he was wounded. He was knighted iiy the Duke of 
Richmond, wlien Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1800, in recognition of 
his public services. He was a magistrate ami deputy-lieutenant of 
Montgomeryshire, and served the office of sheriff in 1832. {Mont. 

Jones, Daniel, 1788-1862, a Baptist minister, was born near 
Llanyniddyfri, South Wales. He began to [ireacli in 1808, and was 
ordained six years later, at Cwnisarnddu, a churcli which originated at 
that time. In 1818 he settled in Liverpool, where he established a 
cause, and preached in English and Welsh with much success. In 


184o he took charge of the church at Feliiifoel, and while there he 
published :i volume of sermons. In 1853 he removed to Tongwynlais, 
where he estahlished a flourishing English cause. He wrote a sood 
deal of poetry, and won many Eistoddfoilic prizes. He publisheil a 
collection of hymns under the title "Crynhodel) o Hymnau Cristionogol 

idd eu canu mewn addoliad cyhoeddus, perthynol, yn fwyaf 

neilkluol, i'r cyfenwad o Fedyddwyr," (CardilT ; Owen Roberts, 1.S45). 
(Cymru, v. 10, p. 239 ; Baptist Handbook, 1864 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Jones, Daniel, 1812-lStKS, a clergyman and hymn writer, was 
born near Glynarthen, South Wales. He served as pastor of the 
Congregational cause at Bethesda, Mertliyr Tydfil, for some time, but 
afterwards joined the Established Church. His secession created a 
great stir ; he issued a pamphlet, giving his reasons for the stej) he 
had taken, and this was answered liy the Rev. W. Morgan, Carmarthen. 
In 1847 he published a collection of hymns, containing over a hundred 
of his own composition, under the title, " Caniedydd Israel." He 
became vicar of Llandudoch. {Hanes Emynwyr.) 

Jones, Daniel, 1814-189.5, a Congregational minister and 
lecturer, was born at Treboeth, in the parish of Llangyfelach, 
Glamorganshire. His early school days were spent at Morriston, 
where he manifested studious habits. After leaving school, he worked 
for two years at the copper niillri at Swansea, Ijut the next four years 
were spent in study for the ministry at Carmarthen. After this he 
went to Cheshunt College to finish his training, and accepted, as his 
first charge, the oversight of the church at Harrington, Cambs. 
Thence in 1842 he removed to Wickham Market, where his work soon 
began to tell, and two years later the chapel bad to be enlarged. In 
1851 he resigned the jiastorate, but continued to preach in many of 
the pulpits in the county, and to engage in Christian work. His 
earnestness did not wane ; he was ever studious and imparting to 
others the stores of knowledge which he himself had accumulated. 
As a lecturer he was both interesting and instructive. The truths 
taught, and the preceiits enforced, in his lecture on " Samuel Budgett, 
the successful merchant of Bristol," were long remembered by those 
who heard them. {Coiigreg. Year Book, 1896.) 

Jones, Daniel J., 1841-1899, a Congregational minister, was 
born of Welsh parents in Gallia county, Ohio, U.S.A., and when 
about eighteen years of age he was chosen to preach the Gospel by 
the church of which he was a member. In 1864 he graduated in the 
scientific course at the Ohio Wesleyan University, and in the classical 
course in 1867. In the same year he entered Lane Seminary, 
graduating in 1870. In 1881 he became editor and publisher of 
The Cambrian. He was an excellent writer ; a clear, logical, and 
instructive preacher ; and a most successful pastor. (TTie Cambrian, 
1899, p. 377.) 

Jones, David, 16G3- about 1724, a clergyman, was the son of 
Matthew Jones, of Caervallwch, Flintshire. He graduated M.A. at 
Oxford, and after serving as curate in London, he became vicar of 


Great Budwortli, in Cheshire. He gaineil notoriety by the eccentric 
violence of his lectures ;ind sermons, and was constantly in trouble. 
Dr. Smalridge, afterwards Ijishop of Bristol, writing in December, 
1697, mentions that crowds went to hear Jones preach, and refers to 
" the impetuousness of his voice ; the fantasticalness of his actions, 
and the ridiculous meanness of his images and expressions." In 1700 
Jones quarrelled with a man whom !ie had reproved for moving hay 
on a Sunday. The matter came before the court of the vice-chancellor 
of Oxford Universit>-, and Jones's behaviour led to his committal to 
prison for contempt of court, but the Court of Common Pleas 
afterwards held that his committal was illegal. He published a 
number of sermons, in which he denounced social evils with eccentric 
extravagance. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Nichol's Illustrations of 
Literature, v. IS, p. 2()<S ; Wood's Athence Oxon. iv., 66(5 ; Hearne's 
Collections, ii., 305 -G, 409 ; Dunton's Life and Errors, i., 370. 

Jones, David, about in70-about 1722, captain in the Horse 
Guards, historical writer and translator, was born at Llwynrhys, 
Llanbadain Odwyn, Cardiganshire ; his father (the Rev. John Jones) 
was one of the earliest Nonconformist ministers in that part of Wales. 
David Jones entered the army at an early age, an<l is said to have 
been engaged at the battle of the Royne. He spent much of his time 
on the Continent, where he acquired an accurate and extensive 
knowledge of modern languages. He was a voluminous writer, his 
chief works tieing : — " The Secret History of Whitehall from the 
Restoration of Charles II down to the abdication of the late King 
James " (London : 1097) ; A Continuation of the same (from 1688 to 
1696); "History of the Turks " (1655-1701), 2 v.: "Life of King 
James II" (1702); 'History of the House of Brunswick" (1715); 
"History of William III" (1702); and "The Wars, and Causes of 
them, between England and France, with a Treatise of the Salyque 
Law." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Y Oeninen, 1896, p. 151; Notes and 
Queries, 1st. ser., xii., p. 267 ; Williams' J'Jnivogion Ceredigion. 

Jones, David, 1708-17.S5, " Dewi Fardd," or " Dafydd Sion 
Dafydd," a poet and antiquary, aiid one of the earliest printers in the 
Principality, was a native of Tret'riw, in Carnarvonshire. He either 
wrote or edited about fourteen books and pamphlets, a list of which 
is to be found in " Hanes Lleuyddiaeth Gymreig," (Chas. Ashton) 
p. 186. The work by which he is best known is " Blodeugerdd Cynn-u," 
a collection of Welsh poems by various authors, including nine of his 
own composition, (Shrewsbury : Stafford Prys, 1759). He was a 
diligent collector of old Welsh manuscripts, and four volumes, compiled 
by John Davies, Rhiwlas, Llansilin, with notes by David Jones, are to 
be found at the British Museum. (Additional MSS., 98{'.4-7). {Hanes 
Lien. Q. ; Enwog. G.) See Gyinri( O.J. ; Y Traethodydd, 1886, 
p.p. 221 and 273 et seq ; Ibid, 1888, ]\ 222 ; Llyfrydd. y Cymry ; 
Revue Celtiqne, v. 2, p. 347; Cambrian Register, 1795, p. 314; F 
Cymmrodor, v. 1, p. 14,3: Cymru, v. 25, p. Ill : I/dd, v. 32, pp. 45, 
144 and 31.3; Diet. Em. W. ; Poetical Works of Goronwy Owen 
(Jones), v. 2, p. 195 ; Cardiff" MSS., 8393. 


Jones, David, 1710-1777, a well-known hymn-writer and 
translator, was born in the parish of Caio, Carmarthenshire. Bj- 
occupation he was a farmer and cattle-dealer, and he is to have 
accumnhited a considerable amount of property. In early life he led 
a somewhat reckless life, but one Sunday morning, when returning 
from one of his periodical business oxpcilitiona into England, he 
caught the sound of singing in the old Independent Chapel of 
Troedrhiwdalar, Breconshire, and entered. From that day on he was a 
changed man, — the minstrel of the public-house became the sweet 
singer of Zion. The work by which he is best known in Wales is ids 
translation into Welsh of Dr. Watt's Psalms and Hymns. In this he 
was very succos-iful, and some of his translations even excel the 
original. Many of his verses are among the most popular and homely 
of the sacred songs of Wales. He als > composed several hymns of 
permanent merit, touched with the spirit of the great revival of the 
eighteenth century. The latter were published at Carmarthen, in Nt).'!. 
{Diet. Em.. W.; Sweet Singers of Wales.) See Y Tt•aethodlJdlU\^i'^ ; 
Enwug. C; Enwog. ij Ffydd; Yr Adolygydd, v. 2, p. 475 ; Ci/inru, 
V. 15, p, .S ; Rees' Hist., p. IDl ; Llyfrydd. y Cymry. 

Jones, David, 1735-1810, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, was 
born in the parish of Llanllueni, Carmarthenshire, and educated at 
Carmarthen College. He was curate for 10 years, and in 1768 was 
appointed rector of Llangan, near Cowbridge, Glamorganshire. His 
advent to Llangan caused an immediate change througliout the whole 
parish. It was a change as from death to life. By means of his 
fervent preaching, the people were aroused, the church became crowded, 
80 much so that the preacher was oft-times compelled to discoai-se in 
the churchyard. He closely identified himself with the Methodist 
reformers. He visited their Societies, and attended their Quarterly 
Meetings or ABso..iations ; even presided over thenj, and helped in the 
arrangements made to buiki chapels in vai'ious localities. He was 
in great demand as a preaclier througliout the whole Principality, ;ind 
also in the leading towns in England. The people flocked to hear him 
in thousands. It was his privilege to witness no less than five 
revivals during his public life. His funeral sermon on the death of the 
Countess of Huntingdon was published in 17'.tl, and his biography, by 
the Rev. T. Levi, appeared in 188'.). {Historical Handbook ; Cardiff 
Catalogue) See Y Traethodydd, 1850; G. B. ; Enwi.g. C. ; 
Methodistiaelh Cymrii, pji. ;'.o'.), 44(J, 451-4 ; Cofiant John Jones, 
Talysarn, pp. 8iV,l-i;5 ; Lifi. of the Countess of Huntingdon, vol. 2, 
pp. 118, 501, 504. 

Jones, David, 17;5(J-1820, a distinguisiied clergyman, was born 
in Newcastle County, in the State of Dehtware, U.S. America. His 
ancestors, on his father's and mother's side, came from Wales, and 
settled, in the eighteenth century, on the " Welsh Tract," in Lelaware 
County. He was e;iucated for the Bai)tist nnuistry, and for many years 
had charge of a congregation in New Jersey. He went as a missionary 
among the Shawnee and Delaware Indians, in 1772 and 177;'. He 
afterwards espoused the patriot cause, and in 1770 was ajipointed 
chaplain to Col. St. Clair's regiment. He was with General Wayne in 


the Indian carapaigu to the north-west territory, and was at the 
maaaacre of Paoli, where he narrowly escaped death. He was at the 
battles of Brandywine, Gennantown, and Monmouth, and was with 
the army at Valley Forge, and in all the suliseiiuent campaigns, up to 
the capture of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. When the war of 1S12 
broke out, lie again took the liell as chaplain, under Generals Brown 
and Wilkinson, at the age of 7(5, and served to its close. ( Wales and 
its People.) See Y Brijthon, vol. .5, p. lo.S ; Lossing'e Pictorial Field 
Book of the American Revolution ; Wales^ vol. 3, p. 19. 

Jones, David, 1741-1792, a Baptist minister and hymn writer, 
was a native of Cwmaman, Carmarthenshire. At an early age he 
came under the influence of Howell Harris, but he decided to throw 
in his lot with the Baptists, and became pastor of the cause at Dolgoch, 
Newcastle Emlyn. A number of his hymns appear in a collection 
published in 1773, under the title " Pigion o Hyinnau." {Hanes 

Jones, David, 176,0-1810, a Ijarrister and author, was born near 
Llandovery, Carm uthenshire, where his f ither farmed his own 
freehold. He was trained for the ministry, and in 1783 entered the 
Dissenters' Academy at Homerton. Soon afterwards he remove:! to 
the new college at Hacknej', wliere he remained about nine j'ears, first 
as student, and then as tutor. He then took charge of the Unitarian 
congregation in Birmingham, but soon determined to change hia 
profession for the law. Aliout 1791, he entered his name at Lincoln's 
Inn, and afterwards practised as a barrister in London, and on the 
Oxford and Carmarthen circuits. He was the author of several 
publications, which were published anonymously, some of them 
under the name of a " Welsh Freeholder." Among these may be 
mentioned : — " A letter to Samuel [Horsley] Bishop of St. David's on 
the charge he lately delivered to the Clergy," 1790, second edition, 
1791 ; "Thoughts on the Riots at Birmingham," 1791 ; '^ The Welsh 
Freeholder's Vindication of his letter to . . . Samuel [Horsley] Bishop 
of St. David's, in reply to a letter from a clergyman of that Diocese," 
1791; and "Reasons for Unitai'ianism," 1792. {Diet. Em. W. ; 
Cai-diff' Calalogue.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Notes and Queries, 3rd 
series, xi. 29^', 409 ; Rutt's Memoirs of Priestley, ii., 17('), 177 ; 
Wreford's I'resh. Noncon. in BirmingJmm, p. 81 ; .Jeremy's Prcsh. 
Fund, 194. 

Jones, David, 17G9- 1837, an antiquary, was a native of Towyn, 
Merionethshire, and lived nearly all his life-time in London. For 
many years hf held a responsible post in the Engrossing Ollice of 
the House of Commons. Everything connected witli his native 
county had a charm lor him, and when he died, in 1837, at his 
residence in the Adelphi, he was said to possess the best library 
of Welsh books in the metropolis. {Bye-Gones, 1880, p. 37.) 

Jones, David, 1770-1831, a Congregational minister and hymn- 
writer, was born in the parish of Llanuwchllyn, near Bala, and was 
brought up in that town. He began 1 1 preav.-h when 26 years of age, 
and afterwards went through a very successful collegiate coursj. In 


1801, he settled as minister at Holywell, remaining there till his death. 
In 1810, he published a hymn book entitled " Dyfroedd Cysur," which 
was very popular for years. The volume contained forty-nine of his 
own hymns. He also published a series of religious tracts, the lirst, 
" Gair o Gyngor Et'engyhddd," appearing in 1605 (Holywell : 
E. Carnes). {Hanes Etnynivyr; Cardiff Catalugue.) 

Jones, David, 1788-185'.), a Congregational minister and author, 
was born at Brynl)lawd, in the parish of Llantiliangel, Carmarthenshire. 
He joined the Church at Capel Isaac in 1816, and al)Out two years later 
began to preach. In 1822, he became pastor of the Church ai 
Jerusalem, Gwynfe, in his native county. His influLmce was largely 
felt in the neighbourhood of Gwynfe, Crugybar, Tabor, Llansadwrn, 
Siloam, Capel Isaac, and Salem. He was very well educated, and took 
a special interest in veterinary matters. He wrote a book on the 
management and treatment of the horse, which in those days, when 
veterinary surgeons were few and far between, was exceedingly useful. 
He contributed a number of aide articles to the Efengylydd, 
Diivyghvr, and Lleuad i/r Oes. {Enwog. G.) See Gongreg. Year 
Book, 18G0. 

Jones, David, 179.'i- 1825, a Nonconformist minister and linguist, 
was a sun of the Rev. Thomas Jones, of Carmarthen. He was educated 
at Carmarthen College, where he greatly distiiiguished himself. He 
afterwards entered Cheshunt College, where he became proficient in 
the Arabic and Persian languages. He was ordained in 1811, and 
served in the ministry at Swansea. In 1824, he travelled through 
France, and became acquainted with tlie people of Brittany ; through 
his instrumentality the New Testament was translated into the Breton 
tongue. He made a second visit to the lii etons, and on his return to 
this country became professor of languages at Cheshunt. He was 
joint-author of " Principia Hebraica." (Enivog. G.). See Y Brytlion, 
vol. 1, second edition, ]>. Ill ; Lleuccd yr Oes, v. 1, p. 158. 

Jones, David, 17'.'6-181:1, missionary to Madagascar, was born 
near Aberayron, Cardiganshire. He sailed for Madagascar in 1818, 
and was welcomed there by Fisatra, King of Tamatave, who sent his 
own son to be educated by him. In 1822, ho was joined by David 
Griffiths, and the two settled the orthography of the Malagasy 
language on the phonetic system, giving each letter one sound, and 
using the Roman characters. Towards the end of his life he suffered 
a good deal of persecution. {Diet. Nat. JJiog.). See Eglicysi 
Annihynol Gymtni, vol. 4, p. 105 ; Gwynionydd's Enwogioii 
Ceredigion ; Enwog inn Sir Aberteifi ; G. J'. 

Jones, David, 17117-1848, a temperance advocate and author, 
was born at Llanfyllin, "Montgomeryshire. About the year IS.'iG, 
when the teetotal movement first began in his native county, he 
became one of its earliest and most zealous adherents and advocates. 
He travelled, spoke, and wrote much during the remainder of his life 
on behalf of total abstinence. He was also an earnest promoter of 
Sunday Schools and other religious movements, and for the last ten 
years of his life, an acceptable lay preacher with the Independents. 


He was the author of an English tract, entitled " A Teetotaler's 
Defence." Shortly after his doath, a memoir of Mr. Jones was 
published by the Rev. Hugh James. (Mont. Worthies.) 

Jones, David, 1805-1868, a younger brother of the great John 
Jones, Talysarn, was born in the parish of Dolwyddelen, Carnarvon- 
shire. His opportunities of education did not extend beyond the 
Sunday School, but his thirst for knowledge was great, and he made 
the most of every possible t;lianee that came in his way. He was fond 
of preaching i'rom his boyhood, and would often retire to some quiet 
spot, and become both preacher and audience himself. When twenty- 
one years of age, he began to preach in public, and soon came into 
note. He was ordained at Balu, and laboured successively at Carnar- 
von, Treborth, and Llanfairfechan, where he <tied. He )jublished 
three lengthy poems on " The Prodigal Son," " Clirist's Sacrifice," and 
" Man." He also wrote several hymns. {Sweet Singeis of Wales.) 
See Y Traethodydd, 1903, p. 420 ; Gijniru, vol. 11, p. 26. 

Jones, David, 1813-184il, a Baptist minister, was a native of 
Merioneth. In 18,'58, he joined the Baptists, and soon afterwards 
began to preach. He subseijuently spent about three years at Ponty- 
pool College, where his progress was rapid. He soon attained a high 
position as a preacher, and a volume <.)f his sermons was published. 
{Enwog. Me i Hon.) 

Jones, David, 1823-1'JOl, a Congregational minister, was a 
native of Carmartaenshire, and possessed a proclivity for preaching 
when but a youth. At the age of sixteen years, he left home for 
ilerthyr Tydfil, where he worked for several years in the iron works. 
During these years, by exercising a wise economy, he saved enough 
money to enable him to enter school, so as to equip himself for his 
life work. He was ordained in 18.51, and in 1869 emigrated to 
America, where he served as pastor at Cambi ia, Wisconsin ; Gomer 
and Cincinnati, Ohio. As a preacher, he was vigorous, practical and 
effective ; he could, with his impetuous eloquence, stir an audience to 
the highest pitch of emotion. As a pastor, lie shone with even greater 
lustre, and the lovely goodness of his character, his deep sympathy, 
his spiritual fervour, and his child-like simplicity, endeared him to his 
church. (The Cambrian.) 

Jones, David, 1831-1891, a Congregational minister and author, 
was born at Dowlais, Glamorganshiie ; and removed when young 
to Maesteg, where he commenced to preach. Slioi'tly afterwards he 
went to Carditr, afterwaids proceeding to Brecon College, where 
he gradu ued B.A. (London). He was ordained in 18.')6 at Bethesda, 
Cainarvonshire. During his two year's stay there he was veiy 
successful, and speedily came to the front as a preacher. In 1858 
he renmved to Cardiff to undertake the pastorate of Ebenezer church, 
and during the revival, which soon afterwards brake out in Wales, he 
had some noted meetings. For years he kept his place ag one of 
the foremost preachers of Wales. In 18(')5, he aceepled a call to Zoar 
church, Merthyr, one of the strongest churches in Wales, and in 1877 
removed to Swansea. He wrote much for the Beirniud and other 


John J(ini-.s (Talhaiarn). 


periodicals. For some years he was one of the editors of Y Tyst, and 
South Wales editor of Dyddiadur yr Annihynwyr. He was also a 
very effective lecturer. {Congreg. Year Book, 189.5.) 

Jones, David, 1833-1869, " Dewi Arfon," a Calvinistio 
Methodist minister and poet, was born at Ty Du, Llanberis, Car- 
narvonshire. When eleven years of age he was sent to work at a 
elate quarry, but in his twentieth year ill-health compelled him to 
abandon this occupation. On his recovery he attended the Dolbadarn 
British School, Llanberis, and afterwards spent a year in London, in 
order to qualify himself for the post of schoolmaster. He was 
appointed master of the British School at Llanrwst, and in 1867 was 
ordained minister at Clynuog, near Carnarvon, where he also took 
charge of a Grammar School. He wrote a good deal of poetry of 
superior merit, and nearly won the chair prize at the Denbigh 
Eisteddfod for his ode on " The Outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the 
day of Pentecost." He died at the early age of thirty-three, and was 
buried at Llanberis. A collection of his poems, with a number 
of essays and sermons, under the title, " Gweithiau Dewi," edited by 
his brother, Gntyu Arfon, appeared in 1873. (Carnarvon : John 
Davies.) ((iweitliiau Dewi.) 

Jones, David Havard, 1842-1902, "Gains," a Baptist minister 
and autlior, was born at Cendl, Carmarthenshire. When he was 12 
years of age, his parents removed to Aberdare, and identified 
themselves with the church at Calfaria. Under Dr. Price's ministry, 
David was received into membership, and immediately became 
zealous in Christian work. When he was between 18 and 19 years 
of age, he commenced to preach, and within a few months he began 
to attend the Grammar School at Newcastle Emlyn. He afterwards 
studied at the Normal College, Swansea. In 1865, he received a 
unanimous invitation to the pastorate of the churches at Galltraeth 
and Rhoshirwaen, Carnarvonshire. After a successful ministry of 
five years, he became pastor of the church at NantyfEn, Swansea 
Valley. There he toiled with energy and zeal until his health was 
Impaired, and he retired from the ministry three years before his 
death. When at Nantyffin, he took the oversight of churches at 
Pontardawe and Senny Bridge, where his name is revered and 
honoured. As a contributor to Welsh Baptist periodicals, under the 
nom-de-plume of "Gains," his articles were highly appreciated. 
(Baptist Handbook, 19(,)3.) 

Jones, David Lloyd, 1843-1905, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister and author, was born at Talysarn, in Carnarvonshire, and 
was the j-oungest son of the Rev. John Jones, Talysarn (1796-1857, 
see post). When very young, he was sent to a school kept by 
Eben Fardd at Clynnog, and afterwards spent some time in one 
of the best schools in London. When 17 years of age, in 
1859 — the year of the great revival known as the David Morgan 
Revival — he commenced to preach, and was popular from the very 
start. Then he went to Bala Theological College, under the tuition 
of the renowned divines. Dr. Lewis Edwards and Dr. John Parry ; 


and wlien 20 years of age proceeded to Ediuburgh. After four years' 
successful career he graduated M.A. In 1.S70 lie was installed as 
pastor of the Welsh and English churches at Llanidloes, and was 
ordained two years later, when he took another church — the English 
church at Llandinam — under his charge. But in 1876 he resigned 
the pastorate of the churches at Llanidloes, and settled at 
Llandinam as minister of the English church there and that of 
Caersws — a small town in the vicinity. He had tilled all the high 
offices in the Welsh as well as the English conferences. For two 
years he was secretary of the general assembly, and was moderator 
of that body when it met at Carditf in 1904. In 1900 he filled the 
same office in North Wales, and the English churches paid him the 
same tribute in 1904. He was a great geologist and historian, and 
contributed a series of articles to Ci/mru on the geology of Great 
Britain. {The N. W. Observer and Express.) See Y Traethodydd, 
1906, p. 97 ; Y Geninen, 1900, p. 165 ; Cymru, vol. i51, p. 13. 

Jones, David Owen, 18.''>6-19()3, a Wesleyan minister and 
author, was born at Penmachno, Carnarvonshire. He received a good 
education, and commenced life as a bank clerk. He was ordained in 
1875, and fifteen years of his ministry were spent in two circuits, so 
highly esteemed was he as a preacher and pastor by those who knew 
him best. His greatest gift and chief delight was preaching, — it was 
the master passion of his life, and to this he devoted all his attainments 
and energies, becoming one of the leading preachers of his denomina- 
tion. His sermons were clearly thought out, rich in evangelical truth, 
delivered with great fervour, and sometimes with overwhelming 
effect. He was an accomplished writer, and his " Commentary on 
St. Mark's Gospel " is a distinct acquisition to Welsh literature. 
His Biography, in Welsh, with a selection of his sermons, edited by the 
Rev. VV. O. Evans, appeared shortly after his death (Bangor : 
Wesleyan Bookroom). {Minutes of Conference, 1904 ; Manchester 
Guardian.) See Yr Eurgrawn, 1903. 

Jones, David P., 1844-1905, " Dafydd o Went," a Con- 
gregational minister and author, was born in Cardiganshire, and 
when quite young moved with his parents to Rhymney, where he 
found employment in a coal mine. Step by step, lie became foreman, 
his leisure hours being devoted to self-improvement, and his Sundays 
to preaching. In 1882 he emigrated to America, and settled at Morris 
Run, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. There he was ordained to the 
ministry and took up his first charge. In 1887, he received a call to 
Seranton, where he remained till his death. At that time the 
congregation conducted its services over a store, but during his 
ministry the church grew to be one of the largest and most flourishing 
in the city. He was a most prolific Welsh writer, and figured 
prominently in Eisteddfodic circles. He won the chair prize at an 
Eisteddfod at Granville, New York, held the Christmas before he died. 
{Tlie Cambrian, 1905, p. 175.) 

Jones, David Samuel, 1851-1898, a Congregational minister 
and author, was a native of Eghvysbach, Carnarvonshire. He entered 


Bala College in 1876, and was ordained at Cana, Anglesey, three years 
later. Here he remained for four years, doing noble work. In 1883 
he received a call to the pastorate of the united churches at Chwilog 
and Abererch, in South Carnarvonshire. He knew his Bible from 
beginning to end, and his sermons were always characterised by 
Scriptural illustrations, in the delivery of which he was both eloquent 
and powerful. He was the biographer of the Rev. Robert Thomas 
(Ap Fychan), and shortly before bis death had commenced to write a 
biography of the Rev. Dr. Herber Evans. He was a constant 
contributor to the Welsh magazines, and wrote an excellent biography 
of the Rev. William Williams, of Wern, which was published in 1894. 
(C. tt D. Herald ; Cardiff Catalogue ,- Congreg. Year Book, 1899.) 

Jones, David William, 1832-1905, "Dafydd Morgan wg," a 
poet, was born at Merthyr Tydtil. For thirty years he was in the 
service of the Compagnie Generate Transatlantique, of Cardiff, as coal 
inspector, and held a certificate as tirst-class colliery manager. He 
was a very successful Eisteddfod competitor, his chief successes being 
at Machynlleth, 1870 ; Llanberis, 1878 ; and Cardiff, 1883. His 
services as adjudicator at National Eisteddfodau were in great request ; 
and he was the principal literary adjudicator at the World's Fair 
Eisteddfod at Chicago. He wrote a number of articles to the Geninen 
and other magazines, and contributed a large proportion of the articles 
in Gymrti, publishetl by Messrs. Blackie & Son in 187.5. In 1874 he 
published a Welsh history of Glamorganshire, but his best-known 
work is " Yr Ysgol Farddol " (The School of Bardism), a text-book of 
Welsh bardism, which was first published in 18G9, and afterwards ran 
into many editions. He also published a very useful Welsh grammar 
entitled " Yr Ysgol Gymreig." {The Liverpool Daily Post; The 
Manchester Guardian; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Geninen, VM!J, 
p. 198. 

Jones, Dorothea, — 188.5, " Gwynfryn," an authoress, 

was the daLigliter of Mr. W. Tilsley Jones, of Gwynfryn, Cardiganshire, 
and sister of the Bishop of St. David's. She frecjuently contributed 
t(i the magazines under the notn-de-plume of " Gwynfryn." Her best 
known work was " Friends in Furs and Feathers " ; which originally 
appeared in the form of essays and sketches in the Monthly Packet, 
and Aunt Judy's Magazine. Another work of considerable power 
and literary finish, entitled " The Other's Story," she inscribed to the 
Bishop, her brother, between whom and herself there existed the 
most affectionate relations. {The Red Dragon.) 

Jones, Ebenezer, 1820-1860, a poet, was born at Canonbury 
Square, Islington, Loudon, and was the son of Roliert Jones, a Welsh- 
man. Under the influence of Shelley and Carlyle, he rapidly developed 
the strenuous but violently exaggerated style of thinking and writing 
which long characterised his productions. Lord de Tabley said of him : 
" When Jones writes a bad line, he writes a bad one with a vengeance, 
. . . and yet, at his best, in organic rightness, beauty, and above all, 
spontaneity, we must go among the very highest poetic names to match 
him." His first volume of poetry, " Studies of Sensation and Event," 


appeared in 1843, and Browning, in a letter to his friend Alfred Domett, 
speaks of it in glowing terms. Roasetti refers to him as " nearly the 
most striking instance of neglected genius in our modern school of 
poetry"; and Watts-Dunton, says of him: "Among men who have 
expressed themselves in English verse, 1 greatly doubt whether a more 
robust personality has appeared since Byron. Jones wrote in verse 
simply because feeling so intense as his — passion so fiery, cannot be 
expressed in prose — must be expressed in some kind of rhythmical 
form." For his works and accounts of him see papers in the Athencetim 
by Theodore Watts-Dunton (1878); an edition of "Studies in Sensation" 
by Sht'pherd (187'.)) containing a Memoir by his brother, Sumner Jones, 
and Reminiscences by W. J. Linton. (Diet. Nat. Biog.\ Harmsworth.) 
See Academy, Nov. 1879 ; The Welsh Review, 1907, p. .S2, where six of 
Jones' poems are given. 

Jones, Edmund, 1702-1793, an Independent preacher and 
author, was a native of Monmouthshire, and the only education he 
received was at a school kept by the curate of his native parish. He 
commenced to preach at 22 years of age, but was not ordained for 
about 10 years afterwards. He formed a church in the neighbourhood 
of Pontypool, and was one of the most active and useful ministers 
of his age. He was not a popular preacher, for his voice was rather 
feeble, and his delivery slow, but the thorough evangelical character 
of his doctrine, his puritanical style of preaching, the ardency of his 
piety, and the dignity of an apostle which was stamped upon his 
countenance, demanded attention wherever he went. He was the 
friend of the Rev. Howell Harris, at whose Trevecca press was printed, 
in 1779. his "Geographical, Historical, and Religious Account " of his 
native parish of Aberystruth. He took the troulile to collect 
narratives of ghosts, fairies, mysterious noises, fire-balls and similar 
phenomena, arranged under the several parislies in which the events 
are stated to have happened, which he published under the title 
" A Relation of Apparitions of Spirits in the Piincipality of Wales." 
(Rees' Hist. ; Ca?-diff' Catalogue ; Manchester Guardian, 25 Sept. 
1905.) See Llyfrydd. y Cyinry ; Hancs Lien. G. ; Traethodau 
LUnyddol Dr. Edwards, p. 139 ; Enivog. y Ffydd, v. 2, p. 125 ; 

Y Geninen, March, 1905, p 17; Yr Adolygydd, v. 1, pp. 100, 277 ; 

Y Geninen, 1895, p. 95. 

Jones, Edward, 1011-1703, bishop of St. Asaph, was born 
neai' Foi-den, in the county of Montgomery, and was educated at 
Westminster College and Trinity College, Cambridge. He first became 
bishop of Cloyne, in Ireland, and was translated to St. Asaph in 1G92. 
His promotion is said to have been due entirely to his being a native, 
and therefore qualified to Ije made a plausible competitor, in order to 
defeat the claims of another clergyman, of great learning and 
experience, who had, however, given ofl'ence by appearing in the 
Convocation of 1089 against the measuies of Dr. Pennison, afterwards 
Archliishop of Canterbury. About 1099, he was suspended for six 
months, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, for siraoniacal practices, 
which he is said to have yielded to. He died May 10th, 1703, at 
Westminster, anti was buried in the Parish Church of St. Margaret's. 






Rev. E. Uuknus Joni.s, D.D. 


^^l^ .xSiS^-'^l 





llEv. High Jones, D.D., Li.ancc 


{Did. Em. W.; Mont. Worthies.) See Diet. Nat. Biog.; A Short 
Narrative of the Procrediiigs against the Bishop of St. Asaph, 1720 ; 
Thomas' Hist, of St. Asaph, p. 12."5 ; Mnntgomeri/shire Collections, xi. 
251-;?, XV. 47 ; Willis' Survey of St. Asaph, by Edwards. 

Jones, Edward, 1749-1779, a musician, was born near Criccieth, 
Cainarvonshiie. He composed a numbei- of tunes and anthems, many 
of wliich wei'e published. His best known work is the anthem 
" Arglwydd, chwiliaist ac adnabuost fi" ("0 Lord, thou hast searched 
me and known me "'). Some of his compositions are to be found in 
1" Cerddnr Ci/?nreig. {3. Cerddorion Cymreig.) 

Jones, Edward, 1752-1824, better known as "Bardd y Brenin" 
(the King's poet), was born in the parish of Llandderfel, Merioneth- 
shire. His father was a musical genius, and taught his son the Welsh 
harp. Edward removed to London in 1774, under the patronage of 
several persons of distinction, and his performance on the harp 
attracted great attention. He was appointed bard to the Prince of 
Wales, but this was merely an honorary post. In 1784, he published 
his " Musical and Poetical Relics of the Welsh Bards," of which a 
second edition, " doubly augmented,'' appeared 10 years later. In 
1802, he published another volume, entitled " The Bardic Museum of 
Primitive British Literature." Both are most valuable and interesting 
works, and contain the notes of the most ancient Welsh airs. Shortly 
before his death an annuity of £50 was granted to him by the Royal 
Society of Musicians. His printed works, which were the result of 
40 years' labour and research, will convey his name with honour to 
posterity. He died in Marylel)one, April 18, 1824. {Diet. Em. W.) 
See Diet. Nat. Biug. ,- Gent. Mag., 1824, pt. 2, p. 185 : Leathart's 
Origin and Progress of the Givyneddigion Society, p. 65 ; Brown's 
Biog. Diet, of Musicians ; Gi-ove's Dictionary of Music, v. 2, p. 39 ; 
Llyfrydd. y Gymry. 

Jones, Edw^ard, 17^1-1836, a well-known hymn-writer, was 
born in the parish of Llanrhaiadr, near Denbigh. He lost his father 
when al)out 10 years old, and in early youth came under the 
influence of evil companions. When about 25 years of age, however, 
he joined the Calvinistie Methodists, with whom he continued a 
faithful nienilier until his death .">0 years later. He was more or less 
a verse-maker from his childhood, and composed many songs and 
hymns. One of his carols was a great favourite of the famous 
Welsh preacher, Christmas Evans, who used at times to repeat portions 
of it in his sermons with most powerful eifect. Several of his hymns 
are extremely popular. He is generally known as " Edward Jones, 
Maesyplwm," the latter being the name of a farmhouse in which he 
resided for 25 years. {Hanes Lien. G. : Swei't Singers of Wales.) 
See Enwog. y Dydd, v. 1, p. 391 : Cofiant y Parch. John Jones, 
Talysarn, p. 356 ; Cymru, v. 25, p. 151 ; Seren Gomer, 1820, p. 119 
(for one of his poems). 

Jones, Edward, 1771-1.S31. "Ned M6n," author, was a native 
of Anglesey, but lived chiefly in Loudon, and was a pi'ominent 
member of the London Gwyneddigion Society. He and his brother. 


Owen Jones (see pust, fl. 1790), assisted Owen Jones (Myfyr) and 
Dr. Win. Owen Pusrhe in bringing out the poetical works of Dafydd 
ab Gwilym. He translated Cicero's Brutus, and Dr. Adam Clarke 
speaks in higii terms of it. He also published an " Index to Records 
called the Originalia and Memoranda, on the Lord Treasurer's 
Remembrancer's side of the Exchequer, extracted from the Records, 
and from the MSS. of Mr. Tayleure, Mr. Madox, and Mr. Chapman," 
London, v. 1, 179;i, v. 2, 1795; " Cyfreithiau Phvyf" (Parish Laws), 
a guide to the duties of wardens, overseers of the poor, &c., Bala, 1794. 
(Dirt. Nat. Biog.) See Llyfrydd. ij Cymrij. 

Jones, Edward, 1777-18.'57, a Wesleyan minister and poet, was 
born at Bathafarn, near Ruthin. He was educated at the Grammar 
School in that town, and started life in a cotton warehouse in 
Manchester. He there attached himself to the Wesleyan congregation 
in Oldham Street, and on his return toWales, in 1799, he resolved to 
introduce Wesleyan Methodism into his native country. He invited 
the ministers from the Chester circuit to preach at Ruthin. The 
services were at first conducted in English, but later on Edward Jones 
and John Bryan undertook Welsh services on alternate Sundays. The 
movement spread rapidly, and in 1800, the Wesleyan Conference 
constituted Ruthin into a circuit. Jones was ordained in 1802, and 
for 14 years he was engaged in promoting a religious revival in Wales, 
and in establishing Wesleyan churches. In 181G he remcjved to 
England, where he remained till his death at Leek, in Staffordshire, 
in 1837. He wrote a good deal of poetry, which appeared in 
Yr Eurffraivn and Trysor i Blentyn. {Enwog. Meirinn ; Dirt. Nat. 
Biog.) See Methodist Magazine, Sept. 1838 ; Kmoog. y Ffydd, v. 4, 
p. 274 ; Cofiant John Jones, Talysarn, by Dr. Owen Thomas, 
pp. 276- 81 ; Y Geninen, 1897, p. 55. 

Jones, Ed'ward, 1782-1855, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was born near Llangollen, and was ordained in 1805, his first pastorate 
being at IMerthyr Tydfil. He took a prominent part in the controversy 
between the respective followers of Calvin and Arminius, and in 1819 
wrote a trenchant j)amphlet on the subject, in reply to a Calvinistic 
pamphlet. He also compiled a collection of hymns, and translated 
into Welsh a theological essay by T. Oliver (1812), and a volume of 
sermons by John Wesley (1833). He spent the latter part of his 
life at Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire. {Enivog. Cyinru; Cardiff 

Jones, Ed'ward, 1825-1868, "Hebog," a poot and musician, 
was born at Penygarnedd, near Llanfyllin, Montgomeryshire. He 
comijeted at the Tremadoc Eisteddfod, in 1851, for the prize offered 
for an anthem on " Habakkuk's Prayer," and at the Llangollen 
Eisteddfod, in 1858, for an ode on " The Transfiguration." In 1860 
he published an ode of about 7,000 lines on " David, King of Israel." 
He was also a frequent contributor to the Welsh Wesleyan magazines. 
{Mimt. Worthies.) 

Jones, Edward, -1892, a clergyman, graduated at Jesus 

College, Oxford, and was ordained in 1849. Though retiring and 


unobtrusive iii disposition, he was in liis day reputed to be a master 
of tlie Welsh language and literature, and an exceedinglj- able 
writer and brilliant speaker, both in Welsh and English. Until 
1881, he was vicar of Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant, Denbighshire. 
His " Gronovania," an edition and estimate of the writings of Goronwy 
Owen, was published in 1860, and for some time he edited the 
Cenhadwr Kglwysig. He was the father of Professor G. Hartwell 
Jones, of Cardiir. {Bije-Gunes, 1892, p. 3i;5.) 

Jones, Edward, 1827-1905, a Baptist minister and author, was 
boru at Rhandiruiwyii, Carmarthen. He had few early advantages, 
but he had great mental ability. Shortly after joining Zion Church, 
in the place of his birth, he commenced to preach. He removed to 
Aberdare, and afterwards entered Haverfordwest College. In l.SGO, he 
was ordained pastor of Penuel Chapel, Pentyrch, near CardiflE. At 
that time he won several Eisteddfodic prizes, and his essays, especially 
those on pliilosopliical subjects, were considered of high merit. His 
fame as a preacher was great. In 1866 he published his " Gems of 
Thought " (Cardiff : D. Duncan), which was very favouraldy reviewed. 
In 1872, he removed from Pentyrch to the pastorate of the Tal)ernacle 
Church, Mae.steg. (Brijdist Handbook, 1906 ; Gardi If Catalogue.) 

Jones, Edward F., about 1820- a colonel in the American 

Army, was of Welsh descent. General Butler wrote of him : — " I was 
fully content with Col. Jones, of whom I had a very high appreciation. 

By the 17th April, 1861, he had his regiment on the way 

to Philadeli)hia, and, via Baltimore, to Washington. His route to 
New York was an ovation, his reception there was one of extravagant 

and tumultuous joy Tlie citizens of Philadelphia encamped 

them at Girard House, the President met the regiment at the depot in 
Washington, and, taking Col. Jones by the hand, said, ' Thank God 
you have come 1 for if you had not, Washington would have been in 
the hands of the Rebels l)efore morning.' " ( Welshmen as Factors, dtc.) 

Jones, Edw^in, 1841-1900, a lawyer, was a son of Mr. Thomas 
Jones, of Boughrood, Radnorshire, and was born in June, 1811. He 
was called to the Bar of the Middle Temple in 187.5, and in l'S89 was 
appointed Judge of the County Courts Circuit No. 5, which embraces 
Bolion, Oldham, and other towns in Lancashire. Judge Jones was 
twice married. His first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Richard 
Ambrose, of The Gledryd, died in 1897. Mr. Ambrose Jones and 
Mr. Edwin Harold Jones, both well known in legal circles, are his 
sons. On New Year's Day, 1900, he was married to Miss Hodgkinson, 
daughter of a former chief constable of Oldham. He was a magistrate 
for Lancashire and the Isle of Man, where he owned Balla Mona, Port 
St. Mary. {Bge-Gunes, 1900, p. 319.) 

Jones, Eliezer, 1809-1883, a Congregational minister, born at 
Denbigh, was tlie son of Dr. Arthur Jones (1776-1860, see ante). His 
father having undertaken the oversight of the Welsh Chapel at 
Deptford, he was able to attend the Lewisham School ; and he was 
always one of the most faithful friends of that institution. Having 
decided to enter the ministry, he became a student at Carmarthen 


College. His first church was at Castle Street, Swansea, where he 
was ordained in 1828. He removed four years later to Rodborough 
Tabernacle, Gloucestershire. His third pastorate was at Oxford, where 
he settled in 1840. His preaching soon attracted considerable attention. 
Newman, Pusey, and Keble were cominencing their great revolution, 
and the eyes of all England were turned to the University city. 
Mr. Jones threw himself zealously into the contest. He was a staunch 
Protestant, scornful of all dalliance with meretricious Romanism, and 
he made his voice heard with force and point. Among his most 
eloquent utterances are those in which he denounced these innovations. 
In 1844, he removed to Plymouth, and in 18.56 to Ipswich. He was 
pre-eminently a preacher. An imposing presence, a dignified bearing, 
a rich full voice of remarkable force and music, together with a 
vocabulary of vivid language tired by the passion of the orator, made 
his preaching attractive and impressive. {Gongreg. Year Book, 1884.) 

Jones, Erasmus W., 1817- a Calvinistic Methodist 

minister and author, was born in the parish of Llandd'^iniolen, 
Carnarvonshire. In 1832 he emigrated to America, where he joined 
his eldest biother John, who had preceded him. In 1838, he settled 
in Remsen, and ten years later became a fully ordained minister. 
In 18.06 his first book, "The Captive Youths of Judah," was 
published, of which two editions were sold. In 18G4, he was 
appointed chaplain in the army, where he served for two years. He 
was a frequent competitor at the Eisteddfod, and won prizes for a 
story, " The Adopted Son of the Princess ; " a translation of Llew 
Llwyfo's " Gwenhwyfar ; " and a translation of " An Ode on 
Sympathy." In 1886, his " Llangobaith " appeared, and was well 
received : and in 1890, his " Gold Tinsel and Trash " was published 
by Hunt and Eaton. He was an exceedingly popular lecturer, and 
that on " Two Years as Chaplain of a Coloured Regiment " was 
delivered 75 times. His other lectures include, " The Poetry and 
Poets of the Bible;" "Rev. George Whitefield : " "Rev. Christmas 
Evans;" and "Elements of Success." {The Cambrian, 1897, p. 

Jones, Ernest Charles, 1819-1868, the chartist, was the son 
of Charles Jones, a Welsh officer of the 15th Hussars, who accom- 
panied the Duke of Cumberland to Berlin, when the latter was 
crowned King of Hanover with the title of Ernest I. The subject of 
this notice was born while his parents were in Hanover, and he was 
called Ernest in honour of the King, who acted as his god-father. 
He spent the closing years of his life in Manchester, and was a 
Parliamentary candidate for Manchester at tlie time of his deatli. He 
was the author of several prose and poetical works. His poems, 
especially " The Battle Day " (1855), are of considerable merit, as 
are also his " Song of the Poorer Classes," and other lyrics. He was 
called to the bar in 1844, and two years later identified himself with 
the chartist movement, becoming one of its foremost orators. Hia 
advocacy of violence led to his imprisonment in 1848. His son, 
Mr. L. A. Atherley-Jones, K.C., M.P., is recorder of Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
and represents North-west Durham in Parliament. [Harnisworth ; 


Ci/mri/ Manceinion.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Gaminage's History of 
tlie Chiirtist Movement; T. FrosVn Forty Years Becollectinns ; Times^ 
27 and 2'.1 January, and 31 March, 1868 ; English Quarterly, 1851 ; 
Dublin University Magazine, vol. 3. 

Jones, Evan, 1771-1821, a distinguished soldier, was born at 
Gelliwig, Carnarvonshire. He entered the army in 1791, and two 
years later embarked with his regiment, the 23rd, or Welsh Fusiliers, 
for the West Indies, under Sir Charh-s Grey. He took part in several 
engagements, and he and his regiment greatly distinguished thenjselvea 
at the Helder in 1799, and in 8ul)8equent battles in Holland, under 
Sir Ralph Abercrombie. He served also under the same general in 
Egypt. At the memorable battle on the heights of Nicopolis, near 
Alexandria, on the 2l8t March, 18Ul, when the brave Abercrombie 
fell, the .58th, 42ud. and 23rd regiments charged with the bayonets 
the " Invincibles " of France, as they had been hitherto called, took 
their standard, and drove them off the field. Jones rose to the rank 
of lieutenant-colonel. In 18IJ8, he married Anna Maria Kenyon, a 
niece of Lord Chief Justice Kenyon, and then quitted the army, 
retiring to his maternal property at Gelliwig. Mrs. Jones survived 
her husband fifty-three years, and in the " Life of Lord Kenyon," by 
the Hon. George Kenyon, his great grandson, the author refers to a 
considerable amount of information given to him by her relating to 
the Chief Justice's life. {TJie Camhro-Briton, vol. 2, p. 431.) See 
Bye-Gones, 1874, p. 45 ; Old Wales, vol. 1, p. 193. 

Jones, Evan, 1820-1852, " leuan Gwynedd," a Congregational 
minister, poet, and prose writer, was born about eight miles from 
Dolgelley. He began to preach at an early age, and after spending 
four years at Brecon College, was ordained, and took charge of the 
cause at Saron, Tredegar, in 1845. He afterwards spent some time in 
London as editor of the " Standard of Freedom," but ill-health 
compelled him to return to Wales. He was editor of the Welsh 
quarterly, 1> Adoli/gydd. He had a most facile pen, and rendered 
his country excellent service in refuting the statiments in regard to 
the morality of the people of Wales contained in the report of the 
Government Commission of 1846, popularly known as "The Treason 
of the Blue Books." Several able letters of his on the educational 
and moral cundition of Wales were published in English. He was an 
excellent poet, and won several eisteddfod prizes, among others, at 
Merthyr and Liverpool. He also won a prize for an English essay on 
" The Moral Obligation of Total Abstinence." A volume of his 
collected works was published at Dolgelley in 1876. (Enivng. G. ; 
Cardiff Catalogue.) See Hane.s Lien. G. ; Yr Adolygydd, vol. 2, 
p. 64; }' Traethodi/dd, 1902, p. 420 ; Ci/mrii, vol. 19, p. 133 ; Wales, 
vol. 2, p. 500 ; Welsh Lyrics, p. 47 ;' Cymru, vol. 16, p. 46 ; }' 
Traethudydd, 1894, p. 177 ;' Gongreg. Year Book, 1854 ; Y Bcduddiwr, 
1852 ; (Jent. Mag., 1852, part 1, p. 423 ; Y Oeninen, March, 1895, 
part 1 ; Cymru, v. 12, p. 69. 

Jones, Evan Aeron, 1824-1906, "leuan Aeron," a Congrega- 
tional minister and poet, was a native of Cardiganshire. In 1892, he 
was the chairman of the Congregational Union of Wales. His 


presidential address on " Religious Sectarianism," delivered from the 
cliair at the Hnlyhead Union meetings, created a great stir at the time 
owing to its outspokenness. He was a versatile writer, served on the 
editorial statT of the " Gwyddoniadur," was one of tlie founders of 
" Y Beirniad," which flourished for nineteen years, and from 1881 to 
1889 was one of tlie editors of the Welsh Congregational Magazine. 
During the last few years of liis life he resided at Manordeilo, in 
Carmartlienshire. He was the father of Mr. S. J. Merlin, barrister, 
and the Rev. E. Griffith Jones, B.A., of B;dham. He had been for 
many years a great force in the religious life of the Piincipaliiy ; to 
quote the Rev. Morgan Gibbon, " He was the first of the new order of 
Welsh jireachiTS, a pioneer of liberal and national views in religion 
and in everything else." His elegy on the death of the Rev. David 
Williams, Troedrhiwdalar, which is of superior merit, is published in 
that divine's biography (Llandilo : D. W. and G. Jones, 1877). {M. 
Guardian : Cardiff Catalogue ; The Welsh Review, 1906, p. '>().) 

Jones, Evan Gurnos, 1840-190:5, " Gurnos," a Congregational 
minister and poet, was born at Gwernogle, Carmarthenshire, and began 
to preach at Gurnos, Ystalyfera, when about twenty years of age. He 
afterwards studied for the ministry at Carmarthen Presbyterian 
College. In 1866, he was ordained pastor of the Congregational 
Church, at Treorky, removing in 1873, to Talysarn, Carnarvonshire. 
Some years afterwards he removed to South Wales, and joined the 
Baptists, but subseijuently went back to the Congregationalists, and 
about three years before his death he accepted a call to their church 
at Llanbradach. As poet, preacher, orator, adjudicator, lecturer, and 
eisteddfod conductor, Gurnos was one of the liest known Welshmen of 
his day. He won the chair prize at Bangor in 1874, for an ode on 
" The Bible " ; Cardiff (1879), " Instinct" : Racine, Wisconsin (1881) ; 
and Rhyl (1892), " The Missionary " ; and was second for the chair at 
Pontypridd in 1893. It was in his shorter poems, however, that 
he excelled, and he had a special gift for composing verse for recitation. 
Two small volumes of his poenjs were published, under the title, 
" Caneuon Gurnos." As a lecturer, he stood in the front rank, and in 
this capacity he travelled much throughout the Principality. (M. 
Guardian ; Cardiff Catalogue : Young Wales, 1904 : Y Geninen, 
March, 1904, p. 20.) See Young Wales, 1903, p. 236. 

Jones, George, 1811-1891, a self-made man, was born at 
Poultney, Vermont, U.S.A., and was the son of John and Rebecca 
Jones, of Llanwyddelan, Montgomeryshire, who emigrated to America 
in 1799. Both parents died wlien George was but 1.3 years old, and he 
found himself thrown upon his own resources. He found employ- 
ment as errand hoy in the general country store of Amos Bliss, at 
Poultney. Mr. Bliss was also an editor, and among his apprentices 
was Horace Greeley, with whom Jones became very intimate. In 
1841, Jones accei)tcd a ]iosition in the business office of the Tribune, at 
New York, under Greeley, but soon afterwards he established a News 
Agency in Albany, where he amassed a modest capital, which he 
invested in a banking business. In 18.51, in conjunction with Henry J. 
Raymond, he founded the New York Times, of which paper he 


afterwards became editor. In that capacity he took a leading i)art in 
purging the Stati>, at that time, of Tammany corruption, and in 
securing needful reforms. In 1884, he commenced the erection of 
the handsome building which is now the home of the Times. He 
died a very wealthy man, and was succeetied in the newspaper business 
by his son, Gilbert E. Jones. {The Cambrian, 1894, p. 3.5;5.) 

Jones, Griffith, 1(")8;5-1761, of Llauddowror, was a native of 
Carmarthenshire. At an early age, he was placed under an able 
master at the Carmarthen Grammar School, where ho made rapid 
)5rogress. In 1711, he was presented to tiie living of Llanileilo, 
Abereowyn, and, five years later, to the vicarage of Llanddowror. 
In ll'iO, he first commenced his circulating scliools in Wales, which 
pi'oved an invaluable blessing to many thousands. He was very 
zealous in collecting subscriptions for these schools, and, as the result 
of his exertions, one hundred and fifty eight thousand persons were 
taught to read. Through his instrumentality, thirty thousand copies 
of the Welsh Bible were printed by the Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel, and sold at a cheap rate to the poor. He wrote and 
circulated e.xtensively small manuals in English and Welsh. He 
acquired some knowledge of medicine, and was in the habit of 
dispensing gratuitously to his poor parishioners. He was an able and 
impressive preacher, and often his churches were quite inadequate to 
contain the immense crowds that flocked to hear him. {Diet. Em. 
W.; Imp. Dirt. Biof/.) See Hanes Lien. G.; Llyfrydd. ij Cymry, 
Enwug. y Ffydd; Y Dnisarfn Vsbrydol, ISIS, p. 11 ; Y Beir7iiad, 
1860, pp. i]G and 2(;',i -, \n,iirnlHi,i,l ;/ Cymry, p. 109: Ci/mru Fydd, 
V. 2, 188',t, p. 408; Siuulai/ Srhooh, &c., p. 1)2; Jones' Welsh Piety ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog.; Eiiwog. C; Johnes' Causes of Dissent in Wales; 
Rees' Hist.; Bevan's St. David's {Diocesan Histories); Y Geninen, 
189"), p. 28-). 

Jones, Griffith, 1722-1786, an author, was of Welsh parentage 
and was brought up as a printer under Mr. Bowyer, a journalist of 
repute. Ft>r many years he was editor of the Daily Advertiser, in 
which appeared the " Letters of Junius." He resided at one time in 
Bolt Court, Fleet Street, London, and was thus a near neighbour of 
Johnson's. He wrote a small work called "Great Events from Little 
Causes," which is said to have had a large sale. He was also the 
author of a number of books for children, published by Mr. John 
Newbery, among them, "The History of Goody Two-Shoes;" "The 
History of Giles Gingerbread," and " The Travels of Tommy Trip." 
In this work he was assisted by his brother, ;\[r. Giles Jones. {Book 
of Days, V. 2, pp. ;537 -',).) He was connected with Dr. Johnson in 
the Literary Magazine, and with Goldsmith in the British 
Magazine. In addition to the Daily Advertiser, he edited the L(mdon 
Chronicle and Puhlir Lexlger, and translated extensively from the 
French. {Lippincott.) See Welsh's A Bookseller of the Last 
Century, p. 44 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Nichol's Literary Anecdotes, v. 3, 
p. 46f) ; Gardiner's St. PauVs School Reg., pp. 121, 148 ; Imp. Diet. 


Jones, Griffith Rhys, lS34-abt. 1897, "Caradog," a noted choir 
conductor, was born at Trecynon, in Glamorganshire. At an early 
age he became an accomplished perf<M-mer on the violin, and, whilst 
still in his teens, was the conductor of a choir. He was first violinist 
in the Aberdare Philharmonic Society, and subsequently became 
the leader of that successful choir. In 1S72, he was :>ppointed 
conductor of the Welsh choir which competed for the one thousand 
guinea challenge cup, and a prize of £100, offered by the Crystal 
Palace Company. The choir secured the trophy without a contest, 
but in the following year, when they had to meet a crack London 
choir, known as the Paris Prize Choir, under the leadership of 
Mr. Proudman, they were again successful. During his residence in 
the Khondda Vidley, he formed a choir for the purpose ot performing 
oratorios and other works, but shortly afterwards he removed 
to Cardiganshire, and afterwards to Cardiff and Pontypridd. In the 
latter town, he formed a choir which performed, with much success, 
at the Pontypridd Eisteddfod in 1893. {Notable Welsh Musicians.) 
See Y Geninen, 1898, p. 40. 

Jones, Griffith R., 18.")0-1892, a barrister and journalist, was 
born at Llanfairtalhaiarn, Denbighshire, and was apprenticed, at the 
age of 13, to a chemist at Denbigh. From there he removed to the 
Chester Training C- 'liege, and aftei-wards took charge of a school at 
Llauarth, in Cardiganshire. Later on, he entered Cambridge 
University, where he obtained a scholarship on his first entrance, 
subsequently graduating M.A. Some years afterwards he obtained 
(by examination) the degree of LI. D. at Dublin University. He w;i8 
ordained by the Bishop of Winchester, and having officiated for seven 
years aa a clergyman, in London, he read for the law. He acted 
as editor for several paperti and periodicals, including the SIripjijng 
Gazette, and the Theological Review. He was also the author of two 
novels and other works. (C <[• 7^. Herald.) 

Jones, Harry Longueville, 1806-1870, archaeologist, was of 
Welsh descent, his father (Edward Jones), being the sou of Captain 
Thomas Jones, of Wrexham. He completed his education at Cambridge, 
where he graduated M.A. In 1849, he was appointed Inspector of 
Schools for Wales. In 184t). with the assistance of the Rev. John 
Williams (ab Ithel), he issued the first number of the Archcpologia 
Cambrensis, and in the following year he organiseil a meeting at 
Aberystwyth, at which the Cambrian Archaeological Society was 
founded. He greatly interested himself in the reform of university 
education, and started a college of his own in Manchester, with the 
intention that it should be affiliated to the University of London. 
This did not meet with much success, but it prepared the way for the 
establishment of Owen's College in 1851. He published a number of 
works, including — " Illustrations of the Natural Scenery of the 
Snowdonian Mountains, accompanied by a description of the county of 
Carnarvon " (London : 1829) : " Plan of a University for the Town of 
Manchester " (Manchester : 183t)) ; " Memorials of Cambridge, with 
Historical and Descriptive Accounts " (2 vols., 1841), &c. {Diet. Nat. 
Biog.) See Archceologia Cambrensis, passim ; also an obituary notice 


in Archceologia Cambrensis, 4th ser. ii., 94-6 ; British Museum 

Jones, Henry W., 1802-1873, a Baptist minister, was born at a 
farmhouse named The Court, near Penrhj-ncoch, Cardiganshire. In 
1821, he joined the Baptist Church at Go!,'inau, and soon after was 
invited to preach, which he did with much acceptance. After spend- 
ing the usual term at Bradford College, he accepted a call to the 
pastorate at Blaenavon, Moumoulhshire. He subsequently became 
minister of the English cause at Tredegar, and later on he undertook 
the pastorate of the Welsli c.uise at Newport. There he soon made his 
mark as a zealous and popular Welsh preacher, and his ardent ministry- 
was the means of attracting a large and admiring congregation. In 
1835, he removed to a more important sphere of work and usefulness at 
Carmarthen, where he soon became eminent as one of the most popular 
preachers in the Principality. Possessed of a splendid voice and 
commanding appearance, he was always a great attraction at the 
annual Associations. {Baptist Handbook, 1877.) 

Jones, Herbert Dale, 1881 - 1902, a most prominent musician, 
known as " The Chicago Fingerless Pianist," was born of Welsh 
parents. He was only 21 years of age when he died, but in study, 
deeds, learning, and artistic accomplishments, he had attained the quota 
of many years. He was a musician by nature, possessing a baritone 
voice of great range and power ; had composed exquisite songs ; and 
as a pianist achieved remarkable success, thuugli he had not a complete 
finger on either hand. He was so badly deformed that he had to go 
about on crutclie.s. One of his songs, " Thought Fancies," met with a 
hearty reception. {The Cambrian, 1902, p. 4iU).) 

Jones, Hugh, about 17()0- about 1780, of Llangwm, a poet, was 
the author of a large number of songs which were very popular in his 
time. In " Hanes Llenyddiaeth Gymreig " (Charles Ashton), a list is 
given of as many as thirty-four separate publications of his between 
the years 1727 and 1779. His best known productions are ;— "Dewisol 
Ganiadau yr Oes Hon " (17.09), a collection of poems, songs, ;'.ntl carols, 
by a number of bards : and " Ditldanwch Teuluaidd," the poems of 
Goronwy Owen, Lewis Morris, Hugh Huglies, and others (London : 
William Roberts, 17(53). {Hanes Lien. Ci.) See F Traethodydd. 1886, 
p. 273 et seq ; Ibid, 1888, p. 433 ; Ibid, 1887, p. 122 : Revue Celtique, 
V. 1, p. 384 ; Lh/frijdd. i/ Cyinry ; The Poetical Works of the Rev. 
Goronwy Owen (edit. 1876), v. 2, p. 280. 

Jones, Hugh, 1749-1825, of Maesglasau, an author, was the son 
of a well-to-do farmer, and was born in the neighbourliood of Dinas 
Mawddwy, r.Ierionethshire. He spent the life of a literary recluse, 
devoting his time and losing Ids uMney in enriching the literature of 
his country. In his younger days he vomposed several Interludes, 
but he is best known as a translator and hyiim-writer. He also 
interested himself in church psalmody, and wrote several psalm-tunes. 
One of his hymns— "0 tyn y gorchudd yn y mynydd hyn " — is a 
universal favourite, and is found in every collection of Welsh hymns. 
He was the author of " Gardd y Caniadau " (The Garden of Songs), 


1770 ; a Welsh work on Arithmetic, and other worl^^s. He translated 
iiitu Welsh the works of Josephus, and Buchan's Family Medicine, 
and began the compilation of a summary of the history of Britain, 
but tills was not published. He had made some progress with the 
translation of Matthew Henry's " Commentary," and Dr. Watt's 
" World to Come," when death put an end to liis laborious life. He 
died at Denbigh, and was buried at Henllan, near that town. {Hanes 
Lien. G. ; Mont. Wurthies.) See Y Trnethudijdd, 187(; ; }' Geninen, 
V. 1, p. 20() ; Enwog. C. ; Cijmrii, v. 26, p. IS; v. 31, p. 25, et seq; 
Sweet Singers of Wales, p. 91. 

Jones, Hugh, 1789 - IS.oS, "Erfyl," a poet and essayist, was born 
in the parish of Llanerfyl, Montgomeryshire. Being a cripple, and 
unable to earn his living by physical labour, his parents gave him a 
better schooling than their other children to fit him fur the calling of 
a schoolmaster. At the Beaumaris Eisteddfod, in 1832, he gained the 
prize for an essay on the " Syntax of the Welsh language." He was 
a good Welsh scholar, a sound critic, and a talented poet. For many 
years previous to his death, he resided at Chester, where he corrected 
the press for INIr. Edward Parry, and subsequently lor Messrs. John 
Parry and Son. From 183") to 1840, he was the editor of the 
Gtvlndgarivr magazine. He also assisted in bringing out several other 
Welsh works. {Muni. Worlhies.) See F ywe^/zoc/ycW, 187G, p. 281 ; 
Hemes Lien. G.; Cyniru, vol. 27, p. 12o. 

Jones, Hvagh, 1815-1897, a clergyman, was educated at 
Beaumaris Grammar School and Jesus College, Oxfoid, taking his 
M.A. degree in 1839. He was fellow of his college from 18.39 tn 1844, 
resigning to accept the college living of Holywell. In 1850, he was 
appointed honorary canon of St. Asaph, and ten years later residentiary 
canon. For many years he was one of the chief ofBeials of the 
Church ^lissionary Society, and travelled much throughout Wales on 
horseback, preaching on its behalf. In 1868, he accepted the living 
of Llanrwst, and in 1892 he was appointed archdeacon of St. Asaph. 
As a preacher he enjoyed much popularity. He was the author of a 
volume of sermons entitled "The Christian's Example." His work 
as a parish priest was chiiracterised by faithfulness and devotion, by 
nnostentatiousness and unselfishness. A church house was erected at 
Llanrwst to perpetuate his memory. {0. .£• 1>. Herald.) See IJye- 
Gones, 1897, p. 139. 

Jones, Hugh, 1831-1883, a Baptist minister and Biblical critic, 
was born at Bcidedern, Anglesey, and commenced life as a shoemaker. 
In 1849, he U-ft the Calvinistic Methodists, with whom he had been 
brought up, and joined the Baptists. In 1857 he became pastor at 
Llandudno, removing two years later to Llangollen. When the 
Baptist College was established in the latter town, in 1862, he was 
appointed classical tutor, and five years later he was appointed 
principal. He published a work on Biblical Exposition, and 
another on Baptism. He also contributed a series of English 
articles on the last-named subject tu "The Biptist," which were 
alterwards collected anil puljlished in book form. The homu'ary 


degree of D.D. was eonferri'd upon him. He laljoureJ diligently 
witli his pen as editor of "Y Greal," and as a contributor to various 
magazines. A summarj' of his book on " Baptism " w:is published in 
English, and met with much favour. He was one of the most 
powerful of preachers, and his knowledge, though extensive, was 
characterised more \>\ its thoroughness. [Baptist Handbook, 1884.) 
See Y Traethodydd, 1884, p. ;!G4 ; Y Geninen, 1883, p. 241. 

Jones, Hugh, 184.')-181)1, " Huw Myfyr,"a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister and poet, was a native of Llantihangel Glyn Myfyr, Denliigh- 
shire. For some time after leaving school he was in the employ of 
Dr. Davies, of Cerrig y Drudion, and acquired a considerable know- 
ledge of medicine, but the bent of his mind lay in the direction of the 
ministry. He entered Bahi College in 1867, wliere he proved to 
be a most industrious student, and gained the highest position 
in the annual examinations. AftiT he had completed his course, he 
undertook the pastorate of the Church at Llanrhaiadr yn Mochnant, 
and its sister churches of Klim, Maen Gwynedd, Cwmdy, Pentre-y- 
felin, and Brithdir. He was ordained at Llangollen in 1873. In 
May, 1878, he accepted a call from the important church at Llan- 
llechid, Carnarvonshire. Here he laboured with great success, 
increasing in popularity as a preacher. His contributions in verse to 
the various publications of the conmxion are numerous. His elegy 
on " Dr. Edwards y Bala" brought him into notice, and marked him 
as a poet of considerable merit. Perhaps he was best known as one 
of the autliors of the beautiful elegies written after the death of 
Professor Dr. Pariy, of Bala. In 1887, he published a metrical 
translation of the Psalms of David, upon the production of which he 
bestowed great labour. {Jli/e-Gones, 1891, p. 225.) See Y Oeninen, 
March. 1892, p. 39 ; Memorial Vol. l)y Rev. D. Williams, containing 
25 sermons ; Cymru, vol. 2, p. 129. 

Jones, Hugh Valence, -1800, a civil servant, a native of 

Merionethshire, was for some years one of the nnder-secretaries of 
State to the Duke of Newcastle, and when his Grace liecame First 
Lord of the Treasury, in 1754, he was appointed his Private Secretary. 
In 1756, he was elected M.P. for Dover, but quitted Parliament three 
years later, on being appointed one of the Commissioners of tlio 
Revenue in Ireland, which oilice he held till 1772, when he resigned 
it. A few years afterwards, his reversion in the Customs fell into his 
possession, ami that lucrative position he enjoyed till his decease. 
(The Bed Dragon.) 

Jones. Humphrey, 1832-1895, a Wesleyan minister, was born 
at Tre'rddol, Cardiganshire. When he wus quite young, his parents 
emigrated to America, leaving him with an aunt at Tre'rddol. For a 
time he attended a school kept by one Edward Jones at Aberystwyth, 
and at sixteen years of ag.- began to preach. In 1856, he visited his 
parents, who had settled near Oshkosh, Wisconsin. It was a time of 
revival in many of the American cliurches, and the spirit seized him 
with much power. For two years he jjreached with great acceptance, 
and organized a Wesleyan church at the Oshkosh Welsh settlement. 


Returning to Wales in 1858, he began a series of revival meetings in 
his native parish. His intense earnestness and fervid eloquence swept 
everything before him, and he took a leading part in the great revival 
of 1858-tJU. In 1<S71, he returned to America, and was pastor at 
Cambria and South Bend, Minnesota, until 1894:. (Gymry Minnesota, 

Jones, Humphrey B., 1840-1904, " Garmonydd," poet and 
musician, was boiii at Rhewl, near Ruthin. He was one of the oldest 
elementary head teachers in North Wales. He had been lieadmaster 
of elementax'y schools at Amlwch, Bethesda, Llanarnion, Hi:)lyhead, 
and Tregeiriog, near Rnabon. In his early years he was well known 
in eisteddfodic circles, both as a musician and as a bard. He published 
a volume of Welsh and English poeins about 2.') years before his death. 
He had visited most parts of North Wales as a conductor of local 
eisteildfodau and literary meetings, or as a lecturer. (The Liuerpitul 
Mercury.) See 1' Genhien, March, VM'j, p. 35; Ihid, March, 1904, 
p. 57. 

Jones, Irvonwy, -1886, a poet and journalist, was a son of 

the Rev. Thomas Jones, the poet-preacher, of Swansea (see post). 
Though young, he had seen a good deal of the woidd. He accompanied 
his father to Australia, and afterwar<ls travelled through Mexico and 
Central America. His literary strength lay more in the direction of 
magazine work. Some of his sketches of travel, short stories, and 
poetry — the last mentioned more particularly — stood high above the 
comTnon order of merit. Some of his poeins were quite remarkable 
for their beauty of thought and style. Of one of them, "A lost 
Argosy," the editor of the National Magazine relates that a most 
competent critic wrote him spontaneously, at the time of its appearance, 
characterizing it as an effort which recalled some of the best things by 
Dante Rossetti. He wrote the English words for the " Grand 
Processional March, Hail, Prince of Wales," sung before the Prince 
and Princess of Wales, at Swansea, in 1881. (Thfi Red Dragon ; 
Cardiff Cdtalogur.) 

Jones, Isaac, 1804-1850, a clergyman and author, was born in 
the parish of Llanychaiarn, Cardiganshire, and completed his education 
at St. David's College, Lampeter, where he was elected Ehlon Hebrew 
Scholar, and awarded the prize given hj the Bishop of St. David's to 
the student who attained the highest position in the examination in 
theology. After serving as curate near Aberystwyth, he removed to 
Llanedwen and Llamldanielfab, in Anglesey, where he laboured with 
zeal and devotedness until his decease. In 1832, he pu'ilislied a very 
useful Grammar of the Welsh h'.nguage, a second edition of which 
appeared in 1841, but he is best known as a translator, in which 
capacity he had few equals. He translated Gurney's " Dictionary of 
the Bible;" Dr. Adam Clarke's "Commentary on the New Testament," 
and other works ; and prejmred the second volume of the " Geirlyfr 
Cymraeg," commenced by Owen Williams, <if Waenfawr. He also 
assisted in translating Matthew Henry's " Exi)osition," published by 
the Rev. E. Grifliths, of Swansea, besides several tracts and pamphlets. 





Peimiiai .1. \ 

Rev. Muiiabi, D. Jon 


{Diet. Km. W.; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Emvog. C; Enivugion Sir 
Aherteifi, p. 84; Ha7iPS Lien. G.; Lli/frydd. y Cymry, Y Geninen, 
1897, p. 35. 

Jones, Ishmael, 1796-1876, a Congregational minister, was born 
at Rhos, Denl)igh8hire. He joined the church under the ministry of 
the celebrated Williams, of Wern, while he was yet a lad, following 
his occupation in the coal-mines. His minister, discovering that he 
possessed superior talents, encouraged him to exercise his gifts in 
preaching. He was ordained in 1822 at Llansanan, removing in 1830 
to Hermon, Anglesey, where he continued to labour for 16 years. 
In 1846 he undertook charge of the cause at Llanrwst. This was his 
last pastorate, and for the last 20 years of his life he lived at Rhos. 
Mr. Jones was of a philosophic cast of mind, yet there was a sparkling 
genius in all he said. He could put his thoughts in a most graphic 
form, and was regarded as a most profound divine. Many of his 
quaint sayings will be remembered in the Principality for ages to 
come. {Co7igreg. Year Book, 1877.) See Cymru, vol. 2, p. 3. 

Jones, Jacob, 1770-18.')0, an American naval officer, born in 
Kent county, Delaware, U.S.A., was of Welsh descent. He became a 
lieutenant about 1801, and in October, 1812, commanded the sloop-of- 
war, " Wasp," with which he captured the British sloop, " Frolic," 
which carried more guns than his own vessel. He was promoted to 
the rank of post-captain in 1813, and obtained command of the 
frigate "Macedonian." (Welshmen as Factors, dec, W. B. Evans; 

Jones, James, 1812-1874, a self-made man, was a native of 
South Wales, where his father worked as a joiner. His parents 
removed to Hyde, Cheshire, where young Jones was apprenticed to a 
chemist. He made rapid progress, and when about twenty years 
of age commenced business on his own account in Manchester. His 
fame as a "children's doctor" spread for many miles, and people 
flocked to him from all directions. He carried on a lucrative business 
for many years, and amassed considerable wealth. His kindness to the 
poor was proverbial. [Cymry Manceinion.) 

Jones, James Rhys Kilsby, 1813 -18;W, a Congregational 
minister and author, was born at Llandovery, Carmarthenshire. When 
fifteen years of age he was taken by his father (Rhys Jones) to a 
preparatory school for young preachers at Neuaddlwyd, near Aberay- 
ron, kept by Dr. Phillips. After entering the ministry, he rapidly 
gained distinction as a brilliant and powerful preacher. He spent 
some years at Blackburn, where he perfected his knowledge of 
English, and studied Greek. His first pastorate was at Leominster 
(1834). He afterwards removed to Kilsby, Northamptonshire, and 
finally settled at Llandrindod. He was, perhaps, seen to better 
advantage on the platform rather than in the pulpit, and some of his 
lectures contain the best character portraits ever drawn. His sermons 
and lectures were practical rather than dogmatic, and were delivered 
in an easy, conversational tone. " Kilsby " was certainly one of the 
most quaint and original characters in modern Welsh Nonconformity. 


He contributed largely to Welsh periodicals, and translated " Brown'B 
Dictionar}- of the Bible " into Welsh, and the Rev. William Rees' 
" Memoir of Williams of Weni " into English. He also edited a 
Welsh edition of Bunyan's " Pilgrim's Progress, " and the works of 
William Williams, Pantycelyn. {C. cl D. Herald ; Diet. Nat. Biug.) 
See Giim7-u Fydd, v. 2, 188'.!, p. Ilia ; }' Geninen, 1889, p. 148 ; Ibid, 
1890, p. 109, and March p. 43 ; V Diwygiwr, July, 1889 ; Eanes 
Eglwysi Annihynol Cym?-u ; Cangreg. Year Book, 1890 ; Davies' 
Echoes front the Welsh Hills, pp. 329, ;53(\ 447-8 ; his Biug. \,j 
Dr. Vyrnwy Moi'gan. 

Jones, Jenkin, 1700-1742, a Baptist minister and autlior. was a 
native of Llandyssil, Montgomeryshire, and completed his education at 
Carmarthen. He mari'ied a lady of great wealth, and built a chapel 
on tlie estate he acijuired from her, becoming its tirst pastor. He was 
an eloquent preacher, and of a very benevolent disposition. In 1720 
he published a translation of the Confessinn (jf Faith of the Baptists ; 
in 1723 he translated Matthew Mead's work on Agrippa ; he sub- 
sequently translated " The Day of Judgment," by Thomas Vincent 
(1727), and otlier works. He composed a number of excellent hymns, 
which were published some years after his death, under the title 
" Hymnau Cymmw3's i Addoliad Duw " (Carmarthen : 1768). His 
elegy, by Evan Thomas Rees, was printed in the same volume. (Hanca 
Lien. O.) See Enwug. y Ffydd ; Enwog. Meirion ; Peter's Hanes 
Crefydd yn Nghymrii ; J. Thomas, Hanes y Bedyddwyr \ Rees' Hist.; 
Dr. J. R. Beard's UnitaiHanism in its Actual Condition ; Jeremy's 
History of the rresbyterian Fund ; Dr. Rees' Eglivysi Annihynnol 
Cytnru ; Gwynionydd's Enwogion Ce>'edigio?i ; Glan Menai's Enwogion 
Sir Aherteip. ; Llyfrydd. y Cymry ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Jones, Jenkin, 1841 -190o, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born at Aberayron, Cardiganshire ; received his prepara- 
tory training at the Grammar School, Carmarthen, and afterwards 
studied at Brecon. He was ordained at St. David's, Pembrokeshire, 
in 1863, and afterwards successively served as pastor at Dowlais, 
Uckfield, Falmouth, St. Peter (Guernsey), Offord Road, (London), 
Hollin's Green (Darwen), Newtown, and Zion's Hill, Pembroke. 
Mr. Jones was a frequent contributor to The Homilist, and was a great 
friend of Dr. David Thomas, the editor. His sketches on " Genesis," 
which appeared in that periodical under the pen name of " Cymro," 
were mncli appreciated. He was, besides, the author of several novels 
and short stories, and wrote a number of tracts and books for children. 
{Congreg. Year Book, 1906.) 

Jones, Jeremiah, 1693-1724, an Independent tutor and Biblical 
critic, was born in Wales, his father being David Jones, of Llangollen. 
He was minister of the Independent C(mgregation at Market Harborough, 
in Leicestershire, and afterwards at Nailsworth, in Gloucestershire. 
His preaching was of a superior order, and attracted the support of 
persons of considerable station. In 1719, he published "A Vindication 
of the former part of St. Matthew's Gospel from Mr. Whiston's charge 
of Dislocations, or an attempt to prove that our present Greek copies of 


that gospel are in the same order wherein they were written by that 
evangelist ; " a work prononnceil by Dr. Harwood to be very valuable, 
displaying much critical acumen, and abounding with ingenious 
remarks. But he is best known for his admirable " Investigation of 
the grounds for attributing canonicity to the received books of the 
New Testament, to the exclusion of others." The work is 
referred to by Dr. Angus as " long the best treatise on the canon." 
(Diet. Nat. liiog. \ Handbook English Lit. ; Imp. Diet. Biog.) See 
Monthly Mag., April, 1803, p. 501 ; Gent. Mag., June, 1803 ; Monthly 
Repository, 180;>, p. G56 ; James' Hist. Presb. Chapels, 1867, p. 664, 
et seq ; Turner's Noncon. Register, 1881, pp. 221, 329 ; Rees' Hist., 
p. 231 ; Jeremy's Presb. Fund, 1885, p. 13. 

Jones, John, 1645-1709, an author, was the son of Matthew 
Jones, of Pentyrch, Glamorganshire. In his seventeenth year, he 
entered Jesus College, Oxford, and, after taking some degrees in arts, 
he studied law. He was admitted doctor of laws in 1677. He 
practised medicine at Windsor, and in 1691 was made chancellor of 
Llandatt'. He was a man of learning and ingenuity, and in 1683 
published a Latin treatise on intermittent fevers. According to Plot's 
" Natural History of Oxfordshire," he invented a clock which moved 
by the air, equally expressed out of bellows of a cylindrical form, 
which tell into folds in its descent. (Diet. Em. W.) See Diet. Nat. 
Biog. ; Bliss' Athenw Ouon, v. 4, p. 722 ; Clark's Genealogies of 
Glamorgan, p. 535 ; Willis' Survey of Llandaff', pp. 4, 100 ; Llfyrydd. 
y Cymry, s.a. 1714 ; Munk's Col. of Phys., p. 438. 

Jones, John, 1700, about 1770, a clergyman and author, who 
initiated a controversy respecting the Liturgy, was a native of 
Carmarthen. He was ordained priest in 1726, and, in 1741, waa 
presented to the vicarage of Alconbury, in Huntingdonshire. In 1759, 
he became curate to Dr. Young (the poet of " Night Thoughts,") at 
Welwyn, and continued there until the death of that celebrated poet in 
1765. His chief work was entitled : " Free and Candid Disquisitions," 
which contained observations on the Liturgy of the established church, 
with proposals for some alterations. Extracts from his literary 
correspondence with Dr. Birch, have appeared in the Gentleman's 
Magazine, His other works are : "Catholic Faith and Practice," 1765, 
and " A Letter to a Friend in the Country." (Diet. Em. W. ; Imp. 
Diet. Biog.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. -, Autobiography of the Rev. John 
Janes, preserved among the Jones MSS. at Dr. Williams' Library, B. 
101 ; Gent. Mag., 1811, part 1, p. 520 ; Chalmer's Biog. Diet. ; 
Urwick's Noncon. in Herts, pp. 341, 590, 621 ; Nichol's Lit. Anecdotes, 
V. 1, p. 585 ; V. 3, 15 ; and v. 8, p. 289. 

Jones, John, 1725-1796, a musician, who was of Welsh descent, 
spent most of his time in London, where lie died. He was appointed 
organist at the Middle Temple in 1749, and, six years later, at St. 
Paul's Cathedral. He was a prolific composer, and m regard to one of 
his pieces, " St. Paul," Haydn testified that no musical composition 
had impressed him so much. (Diet, of Music.) 


Jones, John, 1728-1791, an American physician, was of Welsh 
descent, and a great-grandson of Thomas Wynne, of Caerwys, Flint- 
shire. Settling in New Yurk, lie soon acquired an extt-nsive practice, 
and a great reputation as an operator. He was given a post in the 
medical department of the army in 1780 ; he was the friend and 
physician of Franklin, and in 17'.i() attended Washington during hia 
very serious illness in New York City. {Imp. Diet. Biog. ; Welshmen 
as Factors, d-c.) 

Jones, John, 174:3-1803, a barrister, familiarly known in his 
native county as " Counsellor Jones," was born in South Carnarvon- 
shire. He married Mrs. Jones, of Gelliwig, near Pwllheli, where he 
resided for many years prior to his death. He was an excellent 
scholar, and graduated M.A. at Queen's College, Oxford. He rendered 
excellent service to his country in connection with the agitation 
against the appointment of English-speaking clergymen to Welsh 
benefices. In 1768, he published his " Considerations on the Illegality 
and Impropriety of preferring Clergymen who are unacquainted with 
the Welsh language to Benefices in Wales," and five years later the 
Society of Cymmrodorion published " The Depositions, Arguments, 
and Judgment" in the test case brought by the Churchwardens of 
Trefdraeth, Anglesey, against Dr. Bowles, to which was prefixed an 
able address by Mr. Jones to the Welsh bishops, setting forth the case 
on behalf of the monoglot Churchmen of Wales. {Ci/fansoddiadau 
Sarn.) See G.B., vol. 2, p. l.'iO ; Y Bn/thon, v. 3, pp.' 370 and 433 ; 
Ibid, V. 4, p. 107 ; Golud yr Oes, v. 2, p. 376. 

Jones, John, of Edeyrn, 1761-1822, was a native of Llandwrog, 
Carnarvonshire, and commenced preaching in 1784. He married the 
heiress of Penybryn, in South Carnarvonshire, and there lived in 
good circumstances for the last 35 years of his life. He was tall and 
of a strong build, of great power and readiness of speech, full of 
wit and humour, and of the most cutting ami sweeping sarcasm. 
These qualities, at that time of persecution in Wales, often served 
him in good stead. His sermons were treijuently followed by the 
most remarkable results, and the first time he went to preach in 
Aberffraw, Anglesey, 189 were added to the church. He travelled 
much throughout Wales and England, and was instrumental in infusing 
new life and vigour into many of the churches. A numlier of his 
sayings have been preservt'<l in the Drysorfa for 1851. {Great 
Preachers, &c.) See G. B., v. 2, p. 9 ; Method istiaeth Cymru, v. 2, 
p. 267 ; Y Drysorfa, 1851, p. 159. 

Jones, John, 1767-1821, a poet, of Glanygors, was born in the 
parish of Cerrygydrudion, Denbighshire, but for the greater part of 
his life he lived in London. He was endowed with rare poetical 
genius, and his poems are exceedingly rich in natural wit and humour, 
in fact, he was one of the best comical and satirical song-writers, not 
merely of his own day, but that Wales has ever produced. His works 
display a good deal of originality and knowledge of human nature, as 
well as vigour of language and skill in versification. He was an active 
and much-respected member of the Gwyneddigion Society, whose 


meetings were held at his house (the King's Head Inn, Ludgate Hill) ; 
and he at various times filled the oflices of bard, secretary, and 
vice-presidont, but always deedined the post of president. In 1795, he 
published a little l)Ook called " Seren dan Gwinwl," which favoured 
Republicanism, and fiercely attacked monarchical government in 
general. His bonk was criticised in the Eurgrawn, which was 
published at Holyhead, in 1796. In the same year, in the same 
magazine, the author defends himself in a very ably written letter, 
to which no one seems to have replied. {Golud yr Oes, v. 1, p. .'545 ; 
F Ci/m»irodor, v. 10.) See Y Geninen, 1883, p. 275; Cyfres y Fil 
(0. M. E.l wards); Y Traethodydd, ISSG, p. 422; Ibid, 1888, p. 429; 
Hanes Llrn. G.; Seven Gomer, 182 L ; Leathart's Origin and Progress 
of the Gwi/neddigi(»i Society ; Llyfrydd. y Gymry ; Cyriini, vol. 29, 
p. 133. 

Jones, John, about 1768-1827, an author, was born near 
Llandovery, Carmarthenshire. When 14 years of age, he was sent 
to the College Grammar School at Brecon, and four years later, he 
was admitted a student in the new Dissenting College at Hackney. 
He subseijuently, for three years, taught classics and mathematics in 
the Welsh Academy at Swansea. In 1795, he became pastor of the 
Unitarian congregation at Plymouth Dock, and two years later, he 
removed to Halifax, in a similar capacity, subsequently settling down 
in London. In the metroi)olis, he was mainly occupied in literary 
work, and in teaching the classics, for which he had a high reputation. 
The University of Aberdeen conferred upon him the honorary degree 
of Doctor of Laws, and he was elected a member of the Royal Society 
of Literature. He was the autlior uf at least nineteen volumes on 
various subjects, chiefly connected with theology and philosophy. 
He was a thoriiugli believer in the Socinian sj'stem, and wrote with 
great ardour against the Deists and the orthodox. His most celebrated 
work is his "Greek and Englisli Lexicon" (1823). Dr. .Jones was one 
of the first who taught Greek through the medium of English. {Diet. 
Em. W.; Imp. Diet. Blog.) See Diet. Nat. Biog.; Biog. Diet, of 
Living Authors, 1816, p. 182; Monthly Repository, 1827, p. 293; 
Rees" Hist.; Jeremy's Presb. Fund, 1885, p. 71, et seq ; John Walker's 
Essays and Correspondence, 1846, v. 2, p. 596, et seq. 

Jones, John, 1772-1837, a barrister and author, was born at 
Derwydd, Carmarthenshire, and at a very early age became under- 
master of a superior school near London. After studying in Germany, 
where the tlegree of LL.D. was conferred upon him, he returned to 
England ; was called to the bar, and joined the Oxford and South 
Wales Circuits. For some time, he was very successful, Init, in 
pleading the case of a poor client, he made such reflections on those 
who administered the law, that he gave great offence to the legal 
profession, and ended his days a briefless barrister. He published a 
useful work on the Law of Libel, and a translation from the Danish, 
of Dr. Bugge's Travels in the French Republic. He also published a 
History of Wales (1824), and a translation of the gospels under the 
title, "Y Cytammod Newydd " (London: J. Williams, 1818). The 
last-named work is almost a worthless performance, the author being 


evidently unacquainted with some of the simplest rules of Welsh 
construction. {Diet. Em. W.; Imp. Diet. Biog.; Cardiff' Catalnf/iie.) 
See Diet. Nat. Biog.; Oent. Mag., 1837, part 2, p. 323; Jeremy's 
Presb. Fund. 

Jones, John, 1782-1831, a Baptist minister, was born at 
Llandrindod, Radnorshire. He became pastor of the Baptist church at 
Newtown, where he laboured with eminent success for the remainder 
of his life — a period of 21 years, during which hundreds of members 
were added to the church, and the chapel was enlar.i,'ed several times 
owing to the increase of the congregation. He was one of the most 
popular Baptist ministers in Wales. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Jones, John, 1786-1863, a clergyman and antiquary, was born 
at Lledfair Hall, Machynlleth, Montgomeryshire. He was educated 
at the Grammar School, Bangor, afterwards proct-eding to Christ 
Church, O.vford, where he graduated in due course. In 1810, he was 
inducted to the Rectory of Llanfyllin, which he held up to the time 
of his death. He was one of the earliest members of the Cambrian 
Archaeological Association, and a valued contributor to the 
Archceoligia Camhrensis. Of his contributions, one, at least, " An 
Essay on the state of Agriculture ;ind the progress of Arts and 
Manufactures during the period, and under the influence, of the 
Druidical system," was republished in a separate form. He left a 
number of well-written and valuable papers on archasologic d sul)jects, 
which were placed at the disposal of the Association by his executors. 
He was an excellent antiquary, and possessed a clear judgment and 
a well-stored mind. He also published several sermons. {Mont. 

Jones, John, 1788-1858, a poet, was born at Llanasa, Flintshire. 
In his eighth year he was apprenticed to a cotton spinner at Holywell, 
where he learned to read and write. In 1804, he went to sea, and in 
the following year joined '• The Barbadoes," an English man-of-war, 
which cruised in the West Indies. At the end of the Napoleonic 
War he left the service, and found employment as operative spinner 
at Holywell. In 1820 he removed to Stalybridge, in Cheshire, where 
he died. He was buried in the ground attached to the Wesleyan 
Chapel, Grovenor Square, in that town, and a memorial tablet was 
placed on the wall of the chapel by pulilic sul)scriptiou. He was in 
the habit of addressing his patrons in panegyrics, which he sold as 
broadsheets. He wrote a poetical version of ^sop's and other fables, 
and was the author of two poems, " The Cotton Mill," 1821, and " The 
Sovereign," 1827. A collection of his works was published in 1856, 
under the auspices of William Fairb:iirn, of Manchester. He was 
commonly known as "The Welsh Bard." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See 
Enwog. C. ; Sutton's Lancashire Authors, p. 65 ; Oent. Mag., August, 
1858, p. 202. 

Jones, John, 1791-1889, archdeacon of Liverpool, was a son of 
Captain Rice .Jones, who was of Welsh descent. He graduated M.A. 
at Cambridge in 1820, and became first incumbent of St. Andrew's 
Church, Liverpool, his ministry being so successful that the church 


had to be enlarged. In 1855, he was appointed to the archdeaconry 
of Liverpool, a post which he held until 1.SS7. He was the author of 
a volume of "Sermons" (London, 1.S211) ; "Expository Lectures on 
the Acts of the Apostles," 2 vols. (London, 1(S41) ; " Lectures on the 
Types of the Old Te-tament," 2 vols. (London, 184.")) ; " Hints on 
Preaching " (London, 1S61) ; and " The Wedding Gift," of which four 
editions were printed. A numlier of sermons preached by him on 
special occasions were separately published, among them being a 
sermon preached just after the Battle of Waterloo. (Diet. Nnt. Biog.) 
See Byp-(Tones, 1880, p. 275 ; Liverpool Daily Post, 6th Dec, 1889 ; 
I'riU Mall Gazette, same date ; Guardian, 11th Dec, 188'.). 

Jones, John, 17".12-18.">2, "loan Tegid," a clergyman, poet, and 
essayist, was born at Bala, and completed his education at .Tesus 
College, Oxford. During his stay ;it Oxford he edited a new edition 
of the Welsh Bible, issued by the University Press, but objection 
being fuken to certain changes in the orthogr;iliy, which he had 
introduced, the edition was destroyed. In 1S,'',7, in conjunction with 
the Rev. Walter Davies (Owallter Mechain), he edited '• The Poetical 
Works of Lewis Glyn Cothi." In 1841, he was preferred to the 
vicarage of Nevern, Pembrokeshire, and seven years later was 
appointed preliendary of St. David's. He was a most able man, and a 
prolific writer of prose and iioetry. Among his works, may be 
mentioned " A Defence of the reformed System of Welsh Orth- 
ography ; " and a translation of the book of Isaiah, from the Hebrew 
into English. He was a constant contributor to the Haul and Sei-en 
Gonier. His poems were collected and published in 185'.l. When 
Bishop Thirlwall heard of his death, he wrote : " 1 cannot sufEciently 
express the concern I feel, whether I consider the qualities of his 
heart or of his head, his private worth, his usefulness in the Church, 
or his literary undertakings." {Knivogion Mririim.) See Gwaith 
GwalUer Mechain, v. 3 ; Hanes Lien. G. ; 1' Brytlion, v. 3, p. 7 ; 
]' Traethodydd, 1902, p. 416 ; Cymru, v. 17, p. 261 ; Biography in 
Givaith Barddonol Tegid ; Gent. Mag., 18.')2, part 2, p. 96 ; Rhys & 
Evans' Mahinogion, preface, pp. i and ii ; M. Henri Gaidoz in 
Academy for 28th January, 1888 ; }> Haul, 1855, p. 376 et seq ; 
}' Brython, v. 5, p. 429 : Nudweddiad y Cymry, p. 270 ; Adgof tiwch 
Anghof, p. ]6(»; The Cambro- Briton, v. 3, pp. 373, 438 ; F Geninen, 
1897, p. 125. 

Jones, John, 1796-1857, of Talysarn, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister, was born at Tanycastell, near Doh\ yddelen, Carnarvonshire, 
being descended from a family distinguished for intelligence and 
deep piety. Before he was ten years of age, he manifested a strong 
disposition to preach, and at the religious revival in 1819, he took a 
prominent part in the prayer meetings that were held in the houses. 
He soon afterwards began to preach, and became famous from the 
very start. In the beginning of 1823, he made his home at Talysarn, 
near Carnarvon. He had a splendid constitution, being one of the 
strongest men of his time. The endowments of his head and heart 
were of a verj' superior kind ; he was a man of great originality and 
power of thought. His imagination was creative, and always 


charactised by boldness, grandeur, and majesty. He had a thorough 
command of language, his sentences rallied forth rounded and 
finished, and his style was the perfection of good taste. The force 
and tumult of liis eloquence often resembled that of Dr. Chalmers ; 
in comprehensiveness of grasp, in copiousness of thought, in the 
power of amplification, wealth of language and imagery, they stood 
very much on a par. Individual churches profited much by his 
visits and ministry. He was a musician of considerable merit, and 
many of his tunes attained great popularity. (Grent Frerwhers, dc. ; 
Historical Handbook.) See his Wel.'ih Biog. by Dr. Owen Thomas ; 
B. Gerddurion Gymreig ; Enwog. G. ; Diet Nat. Biog. 

Jones, John, 1800-1826, " Myllin," a young poet of very great 
promise was born near Llanf yllin, Montgomeryshire. He was ashoemaker 
by trade, and for a time practised his calling at Liverpool. His poetic 
genius soon attracted the attention, and received the encouragement of 
the Rev. David Richards, Llansilin, and other patriotic Welshmen of 
his neighbourhood. At the Welshpool Eisteddfod, in 1824, he 
delivered a poetical address, which by its fervour and eloquence, 
surprised all who heard it. Had his health permitted it, this would 
probably have led to his being sent to the university to be educated 
for the church. He was a thorough master of the Welsh metres, and 
his " awen " was of the highest order. He wrote a large number 
of beautiful stanzas, some of which, unfortunately, have been lost, 
and many excellent songs. Of the latter, perhaps the best known, 
and certainly one of the most beautiful, is that to " Rhianod Sir 
Drefaldwyn" (The Maids of Montgomeryshire), suggested by, and 
worthy of being placed side by side with, Mr. Lewis Morris's famous 
song to the " Fair Maids of Merioneth." {Mont. Worthies.) See 
Goliid yr Oes, v. 2, p. 15.^ ; }' Geninen, 1888, p. 136 ; Y Gymmrodor, 
V. 10, p. 63 ; F Gwi/liedydd, 1823, p. 349 ; Yr Eurgrawn Wesleyaidd, 
182.5, pp. 281 and 353. 

Jones, John, 1800-1844, a musician, was born at Dolgelley, 
Merionethshire, and studied music under the tuition of Richard 
Roberts, Carnarvon. He was an accomplished harpist, and won a 
silver harp at the Brecon Eisteddfod in 1826. In 1843, he and Thomas 
Grulfydd (1815-1887, see ante), had the honour of appearing as harpists 
before Queen Victoria at Buckingham Palace. {B. Gerddurion 

Jones, John, 1802-1863, of Heol-y-felin, a Unitarian minister 
and author, was born at Pantlluest, Llanarth, Cardiganshire. He was 
educated for the ministry by David Davies, Castle Howel, and had 
charge of the Old Me.^ting Housc^, Aberdare, from 1833 until his death, 
3l) years later. His published works include " Llythyr ar y Drindod " 
(A Letter on the Trinity), 1831 ; " Edifeirwch Gwely Augeu " (Death- 
bed Repentance), 1836; " Llyf r Ysgol Sul" (Sunday School Book), 
183'.t ; "Galwad ar leuenctyd i droi at Dduw " (A Call to the Young 
to turn to Gol), 1840; " Pechod yn erbyn yr Yspryd Glan " (Sin 
against the Holy Ghost), 1846 ; "An Essay on the Sabbaths, and Six 
Sermons," 1865. He also edited the poetical works of his brother. 


Rees Jones (1797-1844). A memoir of Mr. Jones, by the Rev. William 
Thomas, M.A. (Gwilym Maries), appeared in Yr Athraiv, 1867, p. 121. 
(Tfie Unitarian Students at the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen, 
Rev. R. Jenkin Jones, M.A., 1901, p. 2").) 

Jones, John, 1804-1887, "Idrisj'n," a clergyman and Biblical 
commentator, was born near Dolgelly, and is said to have been a 
descendant of Ellis Wynne, the author of " Y Bardd Cwsg." He was 
apprenticed to a printer, and for some time carried on business on his 
own account at Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire. He then became a local 
preacher, with the Wesleyans, but in 185^!, he joined the Church of 
England, and five years later became vicar of Llandyssilio, Cardigan- 
shire. His best known work is a critical commentary on the Bible 
written in a popular style. He also wrote (in Welsh), "A Commentary 
on the five Books of Moses, and the New Testament '' ; "A Lecture on 
the Nature, Object, and Utility of Literary Societies ; " " The Christian 
Diary;" "A Lecture on the Millenium;" a volume of sermons, 
besides numerous pamphlets, poems and contributions to the Welsh 
press. He translated Queen Victoria's "Journal of our Life in the High- 
lands," into Welsh. In 1881, he was granted a pension of fifty pounds 
from the Civil List Fund. {Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Munt. Worthies.) See 
Banes Lien. G. \ Y Geninen, March, 1889, p. 64 ; Times, 20th August, 
1887 ; Yr Haul, September, 1887 ; Bye-Gones, 24th August, 1887 ; 
F Geninen, 1897, p. 35. 

Jones, John, 1S06-1869, "Cyffin Glan Cynwy," was born near 
Conway, but spent the greater part of his life in Manchester. By 
occupation, he was a painter, but had a talent for literary pursuits. 
He wrote a good deal of poetry, and was a frequent contributor to the 
periodical press in Wales. He was a good Greek scholar, and in 1839, 
published a small handbook on Phrenology, the first of its kind in 
Welsh. (Cymry Manceinion.) 

Jones, John, 1807-1875, a publisher, was a brother of William 
Ellis Jones (Gwilym Cawrdaf, 1796-1848, see post), and for some years, 
in co-partnership with his brother, he kept a printing oflBce in London. 
The monthly periodical, Y Cyinro, published in 1830-1831, was 
issued from his establishment. He was through life an ardent lover 
and unflinching advocate of civil and religious liberty. During the 
great Reform Bill agitation, he, in conjunction with his brother, 
rendered valuable service to the cause as authors and publishers of 
numerous productions on political suljjects in Welsh, which were 
disseminated throughout the Principality. He died December 20th, 
1875, and was buried at Llanbeblig, Carnarvon. {Bye-Gunes, 1902, 
p. 381.) 

Jones, John, 1810-1869, "Talhaiarn," a poet, was a native of 
Llanfair-Talhaiarn, Denbighshire. He received a fairly good 
education, and after working for some time as a carpenter, lie was 
apprenticed to an architect. In 1851 he entered the employ of Sir 
Joseph Paxton, and superintended the erection of Baron Rothschild's 
mansion at Mentmore, and the Crystal Palace. He also spent three 
years in France, in the discharge of his duties, and during that time 


acijuired a knowledge of French. He was passionately fond of 
everything Welsh, ami ;is an Eisteddfod conductor he was excelled 
only l)y Richard Davies (Mynyddog). Talhaiarn was a true lyric 
poet, of enormous facility, an almost unfailing ear, much emotion, 
fancy, and imagination. For patriotic songs, he was probably second 
only to Ceiriog. He was a good musician, and composed many of 
his songs with the express object of wedding them to old Welsh 
airs. Partly by his natural quality, and partly by his quickness in 
acquiring tlie (jualities of other writers, he achieved some effects of 
a very rare and fine order. His works, English and Welsh, were 
published in three volumes, in 18.5."), 1.S62, and 1S69. He wrote much 
to }' Cyinro, n Church of England periodical, and to Yr Haul. He 
has an excellent translation of " Tam o' Shanter," by Burns. (Hants 
Llen.G.; Manchester Guardian.) See Emvog. C.; Y Givyddoniadur ; 

Y Geninen, March, 1.S88, p. 51 ; Y Bri/thon, v. .5, p. 110 ; F Geninen, 
1888, p. 282 ; Adgo/ utvch Anghqf, p. 278 ; Welsh Poets, <ic., p. 24 ; 

Y Geninen, 1897, p. 127 ; Y Beirniad, 1864, p. 325 ; Gymru, v. 31, 
p. 2h0. 

Jones, John, 1818-1900, "loan Bryngwyn Bach," an astronomer, 
was a native of Anglesey. He had but little schooling, and 
worked for some years as a farm labourer. He became interested 
in astronomy by reading " The Solar System," by Dr. Dick, translated 
into Welsh by Mr. Eleazar Roberts. In his 30th year, he removed to 
Ban^'or, and was empl lyed as slate loader at Port Penrhyn. While 
there, he learnt niivigation, and pursued his studies in astronomy. 
He was too poor lo buy a telescope, and set to work to make one, 
purchasing the glasses from Liverpool for 4s. Gd. He was an expert 
linguist, and wrote a goo'l deal of poetry of more than average merit. 
{Men of Invention, <£c.) See Y Geninen, March, 1901, p. 42 ; Young 
Wales, 1898, p. 272. 

Jones, John, 1820-1886, a Calvinistic Methodist minister, was 
born at Ruthin, but at an early age removed with his parents to 
Llanrwst. He began to preach when only 18 years of age. After 
serving as pastor at ^lochdre, Conway, for ten years, he removed 
to Llanllechid, near Bangor, where he spent twelve years. By this 
time he had attained a leading position as a preacher, and in the great 
revival of 18.i8-60 he was a prominent figure. His pre.iching led to 
remarkable results at Beddgelert, Carnarvon, Holyhead, and other 
parts of North Wales, an<l at the last-named town a testimonial was 
presented to him in recognition of his services. His next pastorate 
was at Carnarvon, where he remained twelve years, and where he 
buried a most promising son, the Rev. John Maurice Jones. In 1874 
he accepted a call to Rhos, near Wrexham, where he laboured with 
conspicuous success for twelve years, no fewer than 180 members 
being added to the church during the first year of his ministry. Mr. 
Jones was unquestionably "great among his nation," and by his death 
Wales lost a man of marked activity, a devoted minister, and a 
powerful and eloquent preacher. He was buried at Cae Athraw, near 
Carnarvon. His son, Mr. S. Maurice Jones, A.R.C.A., Carnarvon, is 
one of the best-known artists in the Principality. (Private 


Information.) See Diivygiadau Crofyddol Cymru, Rev. Henry Hughes 
(Carnarvon : Welsh National Publishing Co., Ltil.). 

Jones, John, 1821-1878, "Mathetes," a Baptist minister and 
author, was horn at Aherarad, near Newcastle Emlyn, and educ:ited 
at the Baptist College, Haverfordwest. Durin;^ fhe first 17 years of 
his ministry, he was pastor at Newport : Ijliingollen ; I>l;infacliraeth, 
and other places. He then settled at Hhymney, and in 1877 he 
removed to Briton Ferry, where he reinaineil till his death. He 
became one of the most celebrated Baptist ministers in Wales, and 
a leader of opinion among Nonconformists ,!,'enerally. He became 
known early in life as a writer of great ability, ami secured Eisteddfod 
priaes for essays on a great variety of subjects, such as " The South 
Wales Coal-Fields ; " " The Geology of Wales ; " " The MiU'M al 
Resources of the Principality;" "Logic;" "Railways in Wales;" 
" Hebrew Prophecy," Sec. His chief literary work is his " Biblical 
and Theological Dictionary," in three volumes. He also published 
a volume of sermons, which have been very highly recommended for 
their originality of thought, as well as for their evangelical and 
pre-eminently practical character. His writings on the distinctive 
tenets of the Baptists are among the ablest and most explicit 
declarations of their position in the Welsh language. {Baptist 
Handbook, 1879.) See Memoir, with portrait, in Y Geiriadnr 
Beiblaidd, v. 3, p. 827 ; Seren Gomer, October, 1882, and January, 
April, and July, 1883, and January, April, July, and October, 18S4 ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Welsh Religious Lecvders in the Victorian Era. 

Jones, John, 1822-18'.t2, a solicitor and author, was a native of 
Denbighsliire, and lived for the greater part of his life at Wrexliam. 
He was a justice of the peace for the borough, and took a prominent 
part in public affairs. His published works include : " Wrexham and 
its Neighbourhood ; l)eing a history of the town, and guide to the 
principal objects of interest within a circuit of ten or eleven miles," 
which has gone through several editions ; " Winifred Meredith, and 
other pieces in verse": and "Wrexham and thereabouts eighty years 
ago." (Bye-Gones, 18'.t2, p. 291.) 

Jones, John, 182.^-1887, " Idris Fychan," a celebrated penillion 
singer, was Ijorn near Dolgellv, but spent tlie last thirty years of his life 
in Manchester. His family on his mother's side were all noted for 
their skill in singing, especially with the harp. At the Chester 
Eisteddfod in 1886, he received a prize for a history of Dolgelly. He 
also wrote "A history of the derivation and meaning of the names of 
houses, rivers and places in and around Dolgelly." In 1886, before 
the Welsh National Society of Manchester, he read : " A critical study 
of the works of the poet Dafydd lonawr." He was one of the best 
penillion singers of the day, and his services were in great request for 
many years. The Cymmrodorion Society published an essay by him 
in which he g.ive the rules for penillion singing, and a selection of the 
Welsh airs best adapted for the purpose. He was thoroughly 
acquainted with the bardic, poetic, vocal and antiquarian history of 
Wales. {Cymry Manceinion ; Bye-Gones, 1887, p. 4.5.5 and 464.) See 
Gymru, v. 2, pp. .57, 123 and 261 ; Ibid, v. 20, p. 325. 


Jones, John, 1825-1889, "Vulcan," a Wesleyan minister and 
poet, was born at Llandwrog, in Carnarvonshire. After serving for 
several j-ears as a local preacher, he was accepted as a candidate for the 
ministry in 1854, and appointed to the Mold circuit ; and for thirty- 
three years he laboured with very great acceptance and honour in the 
most important circuits in the North Wales district. He had a genial 
and sympathetic nature, and his mental abilities were of an 
exceptionally high order : varied, strong, and philosophical. As a 
writer, he rendered valuable service to the Principality. When 
occasion required, he very ably defined and defended the fundamental 
principles of Christianity, and the distinctive doctrines of Wesleyan 
Methodism. His published works include a poem,"Y Beibl" (The Bible) 
(Carnarvon: H. Humphreys, liS74) ; " Traethawd ar Resymeg,'' &c. 
(A Treatise on Logic.) (Llanidloes: J. Mendus Jones, 1857) ; a Welsh 
work on " The Atonement," being a criticism of a work on the same 
subject by the Rev. Dr. Lewis Edwards ; and a volume of " Expository 
Sermons." (Minutes of Conference., 1890 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See 
Y Geninen, March, 1891, p. 13 ; Ibid, March, 1893, p. 1 ; Ihid, 
1890, p. 73, and Mar., p. 19. 

Jones, John, -189G, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 

author, was a native of Moclidre, near Conway, where he commenced 
preaching, and after a course of training at Bala College, under 
Dr. Lewis Edwards, he was ordained to the ministry in 1872. He 
was for many years pastor of the Welsh and English causes at 
Runcorn, but owing to the weak state of his health, he had resigned 
his pastoral charges some years before his death. He was an ardent 
litterateur, and for some time was joint-editor with the Rev. John 
Evans, Garston, of Cronicl ;/r Ysgol Sahhothol. In 1895, he published 
a work in Welsli on " The Elements of Moral Philosophy " (Liverpool : 
Isaac Foulkes), which had a large sale ; and at the time of his death, 
he was preparing another work for publication. {G. & D. Herald.) 

Jones, John, 18:53-1899, " Eos Bradwen," a musician and poet, 
was born at Corris, Merionethshire, and for some time worked as a 
quarryman. He successively resided at Aberystwyth, St. Asaph, 
Rhyl, and Carnarvon, where he died. His " Bugeiles y Wyddfa" 
is one of the prettiest and most popular Welsh songs. He also wrote 
a very superior cantata, " Owen Glyndwr." He won a prize at 
Llandudno National Eisteddfod, in 1864, for a Welsh cantata, " The 
Prodigal Son," and in 1885 for an opera, " Dafydd ap Siencyn." A 
small collection of his poems was published in 1891. {G. & D. 
Herald.) See Y Geninen, March, 1901, p. 23 ; Yr Eisteddfod, vol. 1, 
p. 257, for " The Prodigal Son." 

Jones, John, 1834-1887, a Baptist minister and author, born at 
Letterstone, Pemlirokeshire, manifested at an early age a taste for 
preaching, and when delivering his trial sermon at Caersalem, Dowlais, 
gave unmistakcable evidence of his sulisequent powers. He went 
from Dowlais to Haverfordwest College, and in 1858 took charge 
of the church at Llanuwchllyn and the newly-formed church at Bala. 
After remaining there about four years, he became pastor of the 
churches at Brymbo and Moss, near Wrexham, where he laboured 


with signal success for eight years. In 1871, he accepted a pressing 
call trom Felinfoel, near Llant-lly, a church of nearly 600 members, 
where he ministered earnestly and faithfully till his death sixteen 
years later. He was, at his decease, president-elect of the Welsh Baptist 
Union. As preacher and platform orator, he set many a Cymric 
heart aglow ; he was a power wherever his voice was heard. His 
editorship of Seren Gymru, and his frequent letters to other journals, 
are evidence of his literary and dialectic skill. He was the author of 
"Y Waldensiaid, eu Hanes, eu Credo, u'u Dvoddetiadau," of which 
a second edition was published in ISSO. (Llanelly : J. Davies.) 
{Baptist Handbook, 1888 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Jones, John, 1837-1891, a Baptist minister and author, was 
a native of Llannefydd, North Wales. He entered Pontypool College 
in August, 18.')9, and was ordained at Glynceiriog, Denbighshire, in 
the following year. Six years later he settled at Talybont, Cardigan- 
shire, and in 1876 accepted a call from Ferndale, Glamorganshire. 
He was a diligent student, an excellent preacher, and the author of 
several valuable works, his last and best being " The present 
Celebrities of the Welsh pulpit." {Baptist Handbook, 1892.) 

Jones, John, -1900, an astronomer and mathematician, 

was a native of Rhesycae, Flintshire, and passed his earlier yea.'S 
in the Army. At one time he was engaged in the compilation of 
the nautical almanacs for the Government, and was a frequent 
contributor to various journals on mathematical and astronomical 
subjects. He resided for some time at Holywell, but subsequently 
erected the Wern Mill at Ysceifiog, in his native county, where he 
ended his days. {Bye-Oones, 1900, p. 495.) 

Jones, John, 1837-1906, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, was born at Aberkin, Llanystumdwy, South Carnarvonshire. 
In his early days he served in the drapery trade at Carnarvon, and 
afterwards removed to London. He there decided to study for the 
ministry, and subsequently entered Bala College. He was for some 
time pastor at Graig, near I5angor, and afterwards acted for some years 
as manager of Messrs. Pugh Jones and Co.'s Bank at Bethesda. Later 
on he settled at Pwllheli, and became connected with Penmount 
chapel, but did not undertake a pastorate. He was an able writer, 
anil contributed a large number of articles to the Traethodydd, among 
them being :— Coal, 1868 ; Fossils, 1869 ; Geology and the Bible ; 
The Deluge ; The Divine Books, 1871 ; The Crust of the Earth, 1872 ; 
Palestine, 1879 ; Man, 1S82 ; Four Welshmen in Canaan, 1888 ; The 
Samaritans, 1890, and the Moon, 1892. He also wrote the biographies 
of the Rev. Michael Roberts (Pwllheli : R. Owen, 1883), the Rev. 
John Jones, Brynrodyn, and the Rev. G. Hughes, Gellidara. At the 
time of his death he was busy preparing for publication a biography 
of Mr. Robert Davies, the philanthropist (1816-1905, see ante). He 
was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. {North Wales 
Observer & Eapress, 22 June, 1906 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y 
Geninen, Mar. 1907, p. 9. 


Jones, John Abel, 1826-1873, a musician, was born at 
Llanidloes, Montgnmeryshire, afterwards removing to Aberdare, and 
thence to Merthyr Tydfil. About the year 1850, he emigrated to 
America, where he died. He greatly distinguished himself as a 
musician, and in America he became a very successful teacher of 
music. Dr. Joseph Parry (see post) being one of his pupils. {B. 
Cerddorion Cy7nreig.) 

Jones, John BO'wen, 1829-1'.)U5, a Congregational minister 
and autlior, was a native of Llanweuog, Carmarthenshire. He was 
the first Welshman to graduate at the Lond(m University, taking his 
B.A. degree there in 1847. He was ortlaineil at Hermon in 18;')1, and 
eight years later removed to Bridgend, Glamorganshire. In 187-1, he 
became pastor at Brecon, retiring from the active ministry in 1901, on 
the completion of fifty years' service. For twenty-one years he was 
editor of 1' Beirniad, and he took over the editorship of Y Cenad 
Hedd on the death of the Rev. William Nicholson. He edited a 
collection of hymns under the title, " Hen Emynau " (Merthyr Tydfil : 
J. Williams, 1877) ; second edition (Brecon : H. B. Wheeler, 1883). 
{Liverpool Daily Post; Cardiff Catalogue.) See 1' (Teninen, March, 
1906, p. 13 ; Cymru, vol. 30, p. 107. 

Jones, John Emlyn, 1820-1873, "loan Emlyn," a Baptist 
minister, author and poet, was born at Newcastle Emlyn, and wlien 
12 years of age was apprenticed to a watchmaker. He was after- 
wards employed in The rriivipaUty oiSce at Carditl'. In his twentieth 
year he commenced to preiich, and was ordained, in 1852, at Pontypridd. 
In 1854, he removed to l^bbw Vale, afterwards serving in the ministr}' 
at Cardifl', Merthyr, Llandudno, and finally returning to Ebbw Vale. 
He was twice the editor t>f Y Bedyddiwr, Seven Cynnni, and Y Winllan; 
and was a constant contributor to the periodicals of the day. He trans- 
lated into Welsh Gill's " Commentary," and Hamilton's "Granmiar"; 
and wrote a Welsh "History of Great Britain tor the Past Half- 
century," editing at the same time " Hanes Prydain Fawr" (History of 
Great Britain) by the Rev. Titus Lewis, to which he made many 
valuable additions. During the last few years of his life he was busily 
engaged with "Y Parthsyllydd : sef Hanes yr HoU Fyd " (The History 
of the Whole World). One volume was published. He won the chair 
prize at Denbigh, in 1860, for an ode on "The Pentecost," and at 
Llanerchymedd for an ode on " Time." His " Bedd y Dyn Tlawd " 
(The Poor Man's Grave) will remain memorable among the poems of 
Wales for its }»atho8, simplicity, and heart-touching etlect. In 1863, he 
received the degree of LL.D. from the Glasgow University. (Baptist 
Handbook, 1874 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y (Jeninen, March, 1893, 
p. 70: Welsh Lyrics, p. 27 ; Y Traethodydd, 1903, p. 434; Y Geninen, 
March, 1888, pp. 24, 64 : (htlvd yr Oes, v. 1, p. 307. 

Jones, John Evans, 1839-1893, a journalist, was born near 
Bagillt, Flintshire. His early education was on a very modest scale. 
He enteied the employ of Sir. P. M. Evans, printer and publisher, 
Holywell, where he received an excellent training in business, as well 
as in literary matters. He spent about three years at Bala College 
with a view of entering the ministry, but his bent was more after 


literature, and in 1872 he was appointed editor of the Carnarvon Jc 
Denbigh Herald. For some jears lie also held the editorship of the 
Herald Cyinraeg, but, in 187'.), he gave up the latter and devoted 
himself exclusivel.v to the former. He did not concern himself much 
in public affairs, but in all movements of a literary or educational 
nature he took part with enthusiasm. Hf was an ardent P^isteddfodwr, 
and also proved himself an excellent ci inductor at local Eisteddfodau. 
{C. & D. Herald.) See Trans. Nat. Eist. Carnarvon, 1894, p. 112 ; 
Y Geninen, March, 19U4, p. 36. 

Jones, John Foulkes, 1826-1880, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister, was the eldest son of John Foulkes Jones, of ^Machynlleth. 
Having, at an early age, shown an inclination to join the ministry, 
he studied for some years at the Calvinistic College at Bala, afterwards 
proceeding to the Edinburgh University, where he graduated B.A. 
He was ordained in 1856, and settleil tlown at Macliynlleth. In 1855 
he visited the Holy Land and Egypt, and upon returning from there 
he published an account of liis tiavels under the title " Plgypt in its 
Biblical Relations and Moral Aspects." He also contributed several 
essays to the Traethodydd, and other periodicals. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Jones, John Foulkes, 1837-1889, "loan Ddu," a Baptist 
preacher and poet, was born at Y Castell, near Bodafon, Llandudno. 
He completed his education in Liverpool, and when he was about 15 
years of age he was apprenticed to Mr. Evan Jones, chemist, Conway. 
He was afterwards employed as chemist's assistant at St. Asaph, but 
afterwards commenced business on his own account at Llandudno, 
removing later to Leeswood, near Mold, where he died. He was a 
frequent Eisteddfodic competitor, his successes including a prize for 
stanzas on " Deganwy Castle " at the Llandudno National Eisteddfod, 
186.% and for a translation of "The Lark," by Shelley, at the London 
National Eisteddfod, 1887. His descriptive song on " The Ascent of 
Suowdon." is of very great merit. He also translated Shakespeare's 
" As you like it," and the greater part of " Alcestis." ( }' Geninen, 
Mai-ch, 1896, p. 22.) 

Jones, John Harris, 1827-1885, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister, was born at Llangeler, Carmarthenshire, and after spending 
some years at local grammar schools, he proceeded to the University 
of Glasgow, and the Universities of Goettingen and Halle, in Germany. 
He was the winner of the Dr. Williams' scholarship at Glasgow in 
1848 ; gold meclallist and M.A. in 1853, and doctor of philosophy 
(Germany) in 1857. In 1865, he was appointed classical tutor at 
Trevecca College, a position he occupied with credit and acceptance to 
all concerned until the day of his death. All with whom he came in 
contact testified not only to his high scholastic attainments, but also 
to his genial temperament, humbleness of mind, transparency of 
character, and the child-like simplicity and innocency, which 
characterised all that he did. His biography, by the Revs. E. 
Matthews and J. Cynddylan Jones, was published in 1886. {Historical 
Handbook ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Oeninen, 1886, p. 4, et seq. 


Jones, John Mather, about 1820-1864, an American general, of 
Welsh descent, was born in Virginia, U.S.A., and graduated at West 
Point in 1841. He became a captain in 1853, and resigned his com- 
mission in 1861. He served as a brigadier-general in the army of 
General Lee, and was killed near Spottsylvania, May 10, 1864. 
{Lippincott ; Munsey's Magazine, 1906, p. 7.0O.) 

Jones, John Morlais, 1843-1905, a Congregational minister, 
was born at Llangennech, Carmarthenshire, and was a nephew of the 
Rev. Thomas Jones, of Swansea, " the poet-preacher." He was 
educated at Brecon College, and began his ministry at Narberth, 
Pembrokeshire, in 1865. He afterwards accepted the pastorate at 
Lewisham, London, where he laboured for 30 years. In 1895 and 
1896, he received the highest honours which the connexion could give 
him, becoming successively cli airman of the London Congregational 
Union, and of the Congregational Union of England and Wales. He 
was, in many ways, the most notable of all the Welsh preachers who 
Bettled in London during the latter half of the nineteenth century, 
and as a public speaker, and especially as a master of emotion, it 
would be difficult to find his equal. The pulpit was his throne, and 
he spared no pains to occupy it with dignity and strength. He was 
opposed to the publication of his sermons, and he had been in the 
ministry a quarter of a century before he could be induced to send 
one out to the printers, fearing lest it might prove unworthy. The 
publication of that one sermon brought him letters of kindly 
acknowledgment from all parts of the world, and thus he was the 
more easily led to consent to the publication of the volume entitled, 
" The Cup of Cold Water," which appeared in the " Preachers of the 
Age" series, and which had a large circulation. (The British Weekly.) 
See Co7igreg. Year Book, 1906. 

Jones, John Ogwen, 1829-1884, Calvinistic Methodist 
preacher and Biblical scholar, was born at Llanllechid, near Bangor. 
He was employed for five years as a merchant's clerk in Liverpool, 
but decided to enter the ministry, and spent four years at Bala 
College, graduating B.A. He had ministerial charges at Birkenhead and 
Liverpool, Oswestry, and Rhyl. He was practically the founder of the 
county examinations of Sunday Schools in North Wales, and he pre- 
pared several small handbooks for the use of the scholars. He 
delivered a series of Welsh lectures on science and Biblical history 
(afterwards published), in which he shewed acquaintance not only 
with biology and geology, but also with oriental archaeology. He also 
wrote Commentaries on St. Luke, St. John, and the Epistles to the 
Ephesians and the Hebrews for "Testament yr Ysgol Sabbothol " 
(Gee), which he editeil, and other works. He edited a supplement to 
the Guryddoniadur, besides which he was a frequent contributor to 
the principal Welsh magazines. He was among the leading writers of 
Wales, and was in all respects an exemplary minister of the Gospel. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Bye-Gones, 1884, p. 114 ) See Y Geninen, 1885, 
p. 81 ; Rhyl Advertiser, September 27th, 1884 ; Y Genedl Gymreig, 
October Ist, 1884. 


Rkv. Robert Jones, Lhuillyfni, 


Jones, John Owen, 1861-1899, "Ap Ffarmwr," a journalist 
and essayist, was born at Trefdraeth, Anglesey, and was apprenticed 
at the age of fotirteen to a draper. The literary instinct proving 
strong within him, he became a student at the University College at 
Aberystwyth, afterwards studying at Owen's College, Manchester, and 
in London. In 1891, he joined the staff of Y Oencdl Gymreig, and 
in 1895 was appointed editor to the Merthyr Times. He afterwards 
accepted the post of leader writer on the Nottingham Times, being 
afterwards promoted to the position of literary editor. His articles, 
whether editorial or otherwise, always bore a strong literary flavour. 
He contributed largely to the magazines, writing with equal facility in 
Welsh and English. He took the leading part in an agitation 
on behalf of the farm labourers of his native county, the immediate 
result being a reduition of two hours per day in their hours of 
labour. {C. A- D. Herald.) 

Jones, John Powell, 1823-1883, a clergyman, was born at 
Goiseinion, near Swans-ea. When he was twelve years of age, the 
family removed to Court-y-Carne, a liouse of considerable celebrity in 
the history of West Glamorganshire. In 1841, they again removed to 
Pontardulais. Jones received his education at Loughor National 
School, Bowen's Academy (Swansea), and Lampeter, where he had a 
brilliant career, being appointed assistant tutor before he was twenty- 
two. He was oidained deacon in 18-irj, and priest in 1847. In 1846, 
he became cuiate of Loughor, and four years later was offered and 
accepted the living. He became rtctor of Llantrisant in 1865, and 
afterwards was appointed canon of Llandaff. By common consent he 
was lecognised as one of the best Hebrew and Greek scholars in the 
Princijiality. In 1858-9, he wrote eleven long and able letters to 
J> Eavl, in which he strenuously controverted the opinions set 
forth in the " Dialogue." He earned for himself a name in the theo- 
logical world by the admirable manner in which he defended the 
teachings of the Church. In his death the Established Church in 
Wales lost one of its ablest defenders and brightest ornaments, and 
education one of its truest friends. (The Red Dragon, 1884, p. 482 ; 
Clergy List, 1884.) 

Jones, John Richard, 1765-1822, a Baptist minister, known 
as "J. K. Jrnes of Eamoth," was born near Bala, his parents being 
Congregationalists, but when 23 years of age he joined the Baptists, 
and soon afterwards began to preach. He was an exceedingly able and 
popular preacher, but after being in the ministry for some years he 
publicly announced his withdrawal from the connexion, and founded 
a small sect on the lines of the doctrines taught by McLean, of Edin- 
burgh. He wrote " Notes on the Works of Andrew Fuller" (1804) ; 
a lamphlet explaining the principles of the section of the Baptist 
church be himself bad founded ; and a number of hymns, published in 
W22. These hymns, generally speaking, display more of the theo- 
logian than of the poet. A brief sketch of his life appeared in the 
New Evangelic Magazine for 1823, and an ode was composed in hia 
memory by his friend, Robert Williams (Robert ap Gwilym Ddu). 
{Enwog. C. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Traethodydd,il851 ; Cymru, 


V. 4, pp. 63 and 157 ; Ibid, v. 5, p. 215 et seq. ; Ibid, v. 24, p. 54 ; Adgqf 
uwch Anghof, p. 123 ; Y Geninen, 1897, p. 224. 

Jones, John R., 1844-1893, a self-made man, was born at Strat- 
ford, Fulton County, New York, his father, Richard P. Jones, having 
emigrated from TreHys, Carnarvonshire. After attending school for a 
time at Dolgeville, Herkimer County, New York, he removed with his 
parents to Columbus, Wiuconsin, in 1856. Thi^re he spent three 
years in the village school, and was then apprenticed to the drug 
business. During the Rebellion he enlisted in the Forty-first 
Wisconsin. He afterwards spent a year in the emidoy of a railroad 
company, and then returned to his favourite occupation of pharmacy. 
In 1881, he opened a drug store at Mankato. He started a similar 
business at Burlington (Wisconsin) and Little Rock (Arkansas), but 
these he soon closed to concentrate his business at Mankato, and in 
a short time he had the largest drug house in Southern Minnesota. 
In 1886, he was elected president of the Minnesota State Pharmaceu- 
tical Association. He was a man of splendid business ability, was 
largely interested in various undertakings at Mankat), and acquired 
considerable wealth. {Gymry Minnesota.) 

Jones, Sir John Thomas, Bart,, 1783-1843, a soldier, was 
the eldest son of John Jones, Esi]., a descendant of Daniel Jones, 
Esq., of Sunny Hill, Carmarthenshire. He was A.D.C. to Queen 
Victoria, and, after a long course of active and confidential service as 
an officer in the corps of Roj'ul Engineers, being considered by the 
Duke of Wellington as meriting some public mark of distinction, was 
created K.C.B. in 1831. He was succeeded liy his son. Sir Lawrence 
(born 1817), who was murdered by brigands, at Maori, in Turkey, in 
1845. (Burke's Peerage, Barunetage, &c., 1882. p. 721.) 

Jones, John Viriamu, 1856-1901, principal of Cardiff Uni- 
versity College, was the son of Thom;is Jones, the poet-preacher 
(1819-1882, see post), and at the early age of 16 matriculated at the 
University of London, being placed first in the honours division. In 
1873, he won the highest medal in chemistry and zoology at the 
London University, and the Andrew's Prize, awarded to " the most 
distinguished student of the first year." Gaining the Brackenbury 
Scliolarship in natural science, he proceeded to Oxford, where he had 
a brilliant career, being placed in the first class in the honours school 
in mathematics and natural science. In 1881, he was appointed 
principal of Firth College, Sheffield, where, in a few months, the 
number of students was nearly quadrupled. In 1883, he was elected 
principal of the Univeisity College at Cardiff, and under his wise 
guidance the college speedily developed into one of the leading and 
most successful educational institutions in tlie kingdom. Entering 
into an alliance with Sir Isambard Owen and other patriotic Welsh- 
men, he gave definite shape and form and energy to the demand for 
a Welsh National University, and as the result of their wise advocacy 
and diplomacy Wales is in possession of a University which is 
symbolical of its distinctively national features. ( You7ig Wales, 1901, 
p. 167.) See Young Wales, 1896 p. 61, 1902, p. 108, 1903, p. 19. ; 
Cymru, v. 21, p. 55, 


Jones, John Watkin, 18:55 -1.S74, "Watcyn Fardd," a poet, 
was born at Gardden, Llanerfyl, near Welshpool. He was the eldest 
son of Thomas and Jane Jones, of Cae'rbachan, Llanerfyl, and grand- 
son of the eminent Welsh harpist, Evan Jones, commonly called 
" Ifan Waenoer." In the year 1865, he went to London, where he 
remained till his death. He was a noted poet in his day, and took 
several prizes at eisteddfodau. He also possessed an excellent Ijass 
voice. When in London he was a member of the Welsh Choral 
Union, and at the time of his death he was the honorary secretary of 
that union. He was also a good linguist, having learnt the Latin, 
French, and German languages. {Bi/c-Gones, 1896, p. 305.) 

Jones, John William, 1827-1884, a journalist, was a native 
of Llanaelhaiarn, Carnarvonshire. On his mother's side he was 
related to the Rev. Morris Williams (Nicander), and on his father's 
to Sir Hugh Owen. In 1835, he emigrated to America, settling at 
Racine, Wisconsin, where for some time he worked on a farm. 
In 1846, he went to New York, where he was employed as cabinet- 
maker. He used every opportunity that came in his way to improve 
his education, and, having saved a little money, he entered Chirton 
College, and subsequently opened a day school at Utica. In 1851, 
the Welsh newspaper, Y Drych, was established in Utica by Mr. 
J. M. Jones, and two years later J. W. Jones was appointed editor. 
In 1858, he became proprietor of the paper ; in 1865, he sold part of 
his interest to Mr. J. Mather Jones, but continued as editor until his 
death. In conjunction with Owen Bromley (of Holywell), he wrote 
a Welsh " Handbook for Emigrants " (Denbigh : Gee & Son, 1866), 
and won prizes at the Utica Eisteddfod for essaj-s on "Geology," 
" The Evils of Slavery," and other subjects. His chief work, however, 
is a Welsh " History of the American Civil War," which he produced 
jointly with T. B. Morris. (Utica, N.Y. : T. J. Griffiths, 1866.) (0. & 
D. Herald; F Genmen, 1886, p. 131 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) SeeCumru, 
V. 29. p. 274. 

Jones, John William, 1835-189.5, was the son of William 
Jones, Henry Street, Manchester, and rose to a responsible position in 
that city. He carried on business as a shipping agent, and acted as 
consul for Costa Rica. He was a staunch Churchman, and a liberal 
supporter of philanthropic movements ; the Deaf and Dumb 
Institution, in particular, owed much to his generosity. (Cyinry 

Jones, John W^illiam, 1840-1896, a self-made man, was a son 
of Owen Jones, Beuno Villa, Carnarvon, and was educated at the 
British school in that town. While very young he was apprenticed 
to a draper in his native town. After spending some time at a shop 
in Chester, he made his way — in March, 1862 — to London, where he 
•was engaged by a Mr. Williams, Bayswater. He afterwards entered 
the employ of Messrs. Spencer, Turner, and Boldero, where he became 
head salesman in the dress department. In 1867, he opened a little 
shop on his own account in Holloway Road. His business increased 
to such an extent that he was obliged to take his brother William, 
who was in business in another part of the Metropolis, into partner- 


ship. The business tact and energy of " Jones Brothers " resulted in 
the rapid increase of their business, until finally their e8tal)lishment 
was looked upon as one of the finest in London, close upon oOO hands 
being employed. He spent the last four years of his life at Plasy- 
bryn, Carnarvon. He was noted for his generosity and liberal 
disposition. He left a fortune of £(JG,000. (C i D. Herald ; Liverpool 

Jones, John Winter, 180,5-1881, principal librarian of the 
British Museum, was born at Lmibeth, but his family oiiginally came 
from Carmarthenshire. His father, John Joues, was editor of The 
Naval Chronicle and The Europenn Magazine, and his grandfatlier, 
Giles Jones, was the author of " Goody Two-Shoes." He intended 
to join the Chancery bar, but owing to illness he had to give up 
the idea. He became an assistant in the library of the British 
Museum, and 18G6, he succeeded Panizzi as principal librarian. 
He edited and translated several books for the Hakluyt Society, 
and contributed valuable articles to the principal magazines. He 
also wrote a number of articles for the "Biographical Dictionary" 
of the " Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge." He pub- 
lished a lecture, full of reseaicli, on "The Assyrian Excavations." 
He was a vice-jiresident of the Society of Antiquaries, and contributed 
valuable articles on archeology, and bibliography to the Transactions 
of the Society. [Diet. Nat. Biog.) See North British Hevieiv, May, 
1851, and the Quarterly Review, July, 1858, for articles by him ; R. 
Garnett, in the Transactions of the Library Association, 1882. 

Jones, John Wynne, 1804-1888, a clergj'man, was a native of 
Anglesey, He was a scholar of Jesus College, Oxford : graduated, 
1827 ; ordained deacon, 1«27 ; and priest, 1828. He held the curacy of 
Llechylched, Anglesey, from 1827 to \^?>?> ; the perpetual curacy of 
Holyhead from 1833 to 1844 ; was rector of Heneglwys with Tre- 
walchmai from 1844 to 1868 ; and vicar of Bodedern from 1868 till his 
death. He became archdeacon of Bangor and canon residentiary of the 
cathedral in 1863. The archdeacon, who was a justice of the peace and 
deputy lieutenant of Anglesey, came from an old and highly respected 
Welsh family, and was squire as well as parson of his parish. He was 
one of the kindest of men, — full of quiet humour, — and was beloved 
and respected by all who knew him. {Recollections, &c.) 

Jones, Joseph Alun, 1843-1885, a barrister, was the son of Mr. 
John Jones, a prominent Welsh tradesman in Liverpool, and was born 
in that city. He was called to the bai- in 1870, and practised for some 
time on the Northern Circuit. In 1875, he went to Alexandria, in 
Egypt, where he rapidly came to the front as an advocate in the 
Consular and International Courts. His health broke down, and he 
afterwards took up his residence at Kimberley, in Griqualand. There 
he enjoyed an extensive practice, and his industry and acumen were 
so much regarded that he was offered a judgeship, which he declined to 
accept. His health again gave way, and he returned to Liverpool in 
1882. A master of (he principles of national taxation and expenditure, 
he often lectured on these subjects on behalf of the Financial Reform 
Association, and as his style of delivery was fluent and attractive, he 


achieved much success in the dissemination of useful knowledge 
relating to the finances of the country. As honorary local secretary of 
the movement which led to the establishment of the University College 
of North Wales he rendered excellent service. (C. & D. Herald.) 

Jones, Joseph David, 1827-1870, musical composer, was bom 
at Bryugrugog, near Llanfair Caer /inion, Montgomeryshire, but for the 
last thirteen years of his life he resided at Ruthin. He had no more 
than a year's schooling, but he persevered with his liooks, and before 
he was twenty, he published, under the title of " Y Perganiedydd " (The 
Sweet Singer), a small collection of Psalm tunes, which met with a 
ready sale, thi' proceeds enabling him to enter the Training College, in 
London, to prepare himself for the office of schoolmaster. He followed 
that occupation at Towyn, and also at Ruthin. His published music 
found great favour with his countrymen ; his cantata, " Llys Arthur " 
(Arthur's Court), includes the Queen's Song, one of his best composi- 
tions. He prepared a collection of hymns and tunes with the Rev. E. 
Stephen (Tanymariaii), and his other works include " Cydymaith y 
Cerddor " (The Singer's Companion) ; " Y Di^lyn Gymreig " (The 
Welsh Harp) ; " Alawon y Bryniau " (Melodies of the Hills) ; and a 
collection of Chorales. He also arranged a volume of music for the use 
of the Wesleyans, which was published after his death. His son, the 
Rev. .J. D. Jones, Bournemouth, is one of the leading ministers in the 
Congregational body. {Diet. Nat. Biog.; Mont. Worthies; Cardiff 
Catalogue.) See Y (jrninen, March, 1893, p. '.) ; Cyrnru, v. 30, p. 40 ; 
Ibid, V. 29, p. 65. 

Jones, Josiah, 1807-1887, " Josiah Brynmair," a poet, was born 
at Braichodnaiit, Llanbryninair, Montgomeryshire. In August, 1850, 
he and his family emigrated to America, and settled at Corner, in the 
State of Ohio, where he died. Both in Wales and in America, he was 
a frequent contributor, chiefly of poetry, to the Welsh magazines, and 
some of his hymns are ileservedly esteemed. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Jones, Josiah Thomas, 1799-1873, a Congregational minister 
and author, was l)orn at Cwiuhir farm, in the parish of Clydau, 
Pembi-okeshire. At the close of his college career at Newport-Pagnell, 
Bucks, lie became pastor of the Welsh cause at Carnarvon, where he 
laboured for several years with great success. Whilst there he trans- 
lated into Welsh Burkitt's " Exposition of the New Testament," but 
finding a difficulty in getting it issued through the press, he purchased a 
printing office of his own. He afterw ir Is removed to Aherdare, where 
he established several newspapers, viz., }' Gwron, Y Gweithiwr, and 
The Aherdare Times, the last named being still in existence. He also 
began to publish a Welsh newspaper, bearing the title of Figaro, which 
he had to discontinue because he venture 1 to express extreme opinions. 
His principal works are : — " Geiri ulur By wgratfyddol o Enwogion 
Cymru" (A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen), in 2 vols. 
(181)7-70) ; and a Welsh "Biography of .John Williams, the Missionarv " 
(Carmarthen : J. T. Jones, 1843). {The Red Dragon; Cardiff 
Catalogue.) See Bye-Gones, 1891, p. 215 ; Congrcg. Year Book, 1874 ; 
F Geninen, 1907, p. 26. 


Jones, Lewis, 1793-1866, a clergyman, was born near Aberystwyth, 
and educated at Ystradmeurig. After serving for some time as assistant 
master at the Clitheroe Grammar School, he received tlie offer of the 
vicarage of Almondbury, near Huddersfield, where he settled in 1822. 
Soon afterwards he was appointed to the living of Llandefand, 
Monmouthshire, the church buildings at that time being in a very 
dilapidated state. Mr. Jones spent the whole of his income from the 
living in restoring the church and building a schoolroom, etc. He was 
a most popular clergyman, and rendered invaluable service to the 
Established Church. (Enivog. G.) 

Jones, Lewis, 1807-1854, a Calvinistic Metliodist minister and 
author, was a native of Llanfihangel-y-Pennant, Merioneth. He began 
life as a bookbinder at Bala, and later on commenced to preach. He 
spent some time at Wrexham, at the school kept by the Rev. John 
Hughes (afterwards of Liverpool), and was ordained at Bala in 1838. 
Many of his sermons were published, and he wrote several excellent 
articles to the Traethodydd and other periodicals. He was also the 
author of the biography of the Rev. Richard Jones, Bala. {Enivog. G.) 
See Y Traethodydd, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, for articles by him. 

Jones, Le^A/■is, 1825-1883, a Baptist minister and author, was born 
in the Rhondda Valley, South Wales, and received but scanty educational 
advantages. He entered the College at Brecon, in order to 
qualify himself for the calling of a schoolmaster, but only remained 
at that institution for twelve months. In 1847, he undertook the 
superintendence of a small day school. In 1850, he made his way to 
Haverfordwest College, and after tlie usual course of training ha was 
invited to the pastorate of the church at Argoed, Monmouthshire, where 
he was ordained in 1853. Four years later he took charge of the cause 
at Brynhyfryd, Ebbw Vale ; in 1862, he went to Pwllheli, North Wales, 
where he remained till 1868, when he removed to Treherbert, and 
there he ended his days. He competed often at the Eisteddfod, and 
carried off the chief prize for poetry more than once. He also won a prize 
for an essay on " Religious Activity." He published a biography of his 
brother, the Rev. Simon P. Jones, Cilgerran, Pembrokeshire. He was 
a constant contributor to the Bedyddkvr, and published a selection of 
hymns, which passed through three editions, and a selection of tunes, 
which is in use in many Baptist churches. He left materials for a 
"Harmony of the Gospels." {Baptist Handbook, 1883.) 

Jones, Lewis, 1836-1905, one of the founders of the Welsh 
Colony at Patagonia, was born at Carnarvon, where he served an 
apprenticeship of seven years as printer at the Herald Office. In 1857, 
he removed to Holyhead, where he established a printing office, and 
published the Pivnsh Gymreig and the Sylwedydd. He afterwards lived 
for some time in Liverpool, and as the result of a visit paid by him 
to Patagonia, in company with Sir Love Jones Parry, he set about 
forming a Welsh Colony there, being assisted in the task by the Rev. 
Michael D. Jones, Bala. He established a local newspaper known as 
Y Dravod. He was the first president of the colony, and acted as 
chief magistrate until his death. He was an excellent linguist, and in 


addition to Welsh and English, he could speak and write French, 
Spanish, and Italian. {Herald Cymraeg.) See Y Geninen, March, 
1906, p. 21. 

Jones, Maria, -about 1840, a poetess, is described as " a 

poor Welsh girl and si'lf-educated," l)ut the date and place of her 
birth are not known. She emigrated to America when a child suven 
or eight years old, and went as domestic " help '' into several families. 
She liad poetic genius of a high order, and her poems were colle;ted 
in a volume and edited by the Rev. Alonzo Potter, D.D., bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Diucese of Pennsylvania, to which he added an 
introduction and a brief sketch of the life of Maria Jones, written by 
herself. The poems were published by John Taylor, New York, in 
1839, and attracted attention by the high order of poetical genius and 
religions sentiment they exhibited. They are entitled " Wales, and 
other Poems," and contain 170 pages. {Bye-Gones, 188-4, p. 45.) 

Jones, Mary, see Lewis, Mary. 

Jones, Matthe'W, 16.54- 1717, a clergyman, was a younger 
brother of Edward Jones, bishop of St. Asaph (see ante), and was a 
native of Montgomeryshire. He accompanied his brother to Ireland, 
and became prebendary of Donoughmore in 1687. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Jones, Michael, 17S5-18.')3, a Congregational minister, was 
born near Neuaddlwyd, Cardiganshire. After spending some time at 
the school kept by the Rev. David Davies, Castle Howel, he entered 
the college at Wrexham. In 1814, he succeeded the Rev. George 
Lewis as pastor at Llanuwchllyn, near Bala, but afterwards removed 
to Bala, to take charge of the Congregational College. He was a most 
able man, an excellent scholar, and a very successful teacher. He 
was one of the joint translators of vol. 1 of the Welsh edition of 
Matthew Henry's Commentary, published at Swansea in 1828-31. 
{Enwog. G. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Jones, Michael Daniel, 1822-1898, a Congregational minister 
and author, was a native of Bala. In 1841, he entered Carmarthen 
College, and after four years went for his theological studies to 
Highbury, remaining there lor three years. He then visited the 
United States, and was persuaded to settle for a while at Cincinnati, 
where he was ordained in 1848. He returned to Wales in 18.50, and 
became pastor at Bwlchnewydd, Carmarthenshire. In 1854, he 
succeeded his father, the Rev. Michael Jones (1785-1853 see ante), as 
head of the Independent College, Bala. He was a splendid teacher, 
a powerful preacher, and a very able theologian. He was one of the 
Btaunchest Welsh Nationalists of the day, being one of the first to 
entertain the idea of a Welsh colony abroad ; he may fairly be called 
the father of the movement which culminated in the Welsh settlement 
on the Chubat, in the Argentine Republic. He was the author of 
several works, and was joint-iMlitor of the Welsh " Biography and 
Theological Essays " of the Rev. Robert Thomas (Ap Vychan), Bala 
(Dolgellau : W. Hughes, 1882). His influence in his denomination 
was very considerable, and he did more probably than any man of the 
century to preserve its ideals, and hold out before its view the standard 


of a past age. {Congreg. Tear Book, 1900.) See Cyniru, v. .5, p. 37 ; 
Young Wales, 1898, p. 280 ; Cymru, v. 9, p. 253 ; Y Geninen, 189.'), 
p. 210 ; Ibid, 1899, p. 166, et seq ;' Ibid, 1900, p. 33 ; Cardiff' Catalogue. 

Jones, Morgan, 1768-1835, a Congregational minister and poet, 
was a native of Breconshire, and at the age of fourteen he was adopted 
by one Morgan Davies, who gave him a liberal education, and be- 
queathed a large sum to him. He was ordained to the ministry in 
1789, and settled at Trelech, where he was remarkably succesful, 
hundreds being added to the church under his pastorate. In 1798, he 
published a hymn-book in two sections, the first being original, and 
the second a selection from the hymns of others. {Hane^ Emynwyr ; 
Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Jones, Morris Charles, 1819 - 1893, a Fellow of the Society of 
Antiquaries, to whom Montgomeryshire history and archseology owe 
probably more than to anyone else, was a native of Welshpool. He 
was admitted a solicitor in 1811, and retired from practice in 1880. 
For many years he took a deep interest in the history and archeology 
of his native county, and in 18G7 he succeeded in forming the Powys- 
land Club "for the collecting and printing, for the use of its members, 
of the historical, ecclesiastical, genealogical, topographical, and literary 
remains of Montgomeryshire." As secretary of the club and the 
editor of its " Transactions " his enthusiasm, energy, tact, and courtesy 
enlisted the co-operation of quite a host of others in the work he had 
80 much at heart, the result being that the publications of the club 
contain a mass of inform ition on the history and archasology of the 
county which its future historian will find to be invaluable. {Mont. 
Worthies.) See Y Geninen, March, 1893, p. 54. 

Jones, Nathaniel Cynhafal, 1832-1906, a Calvinistic 

Methodist minister, poet and prose writer, was born in the parish of 
Llangynliafal, Denbighshire, and remove! at an early age to Mold, and 
afterwards to HolywdU. He began to pi-eajh in 1859, and later on 
spent four years at Bala College. After serving in the pastorate at 
Penrhyndeudraeth, he accepted, in 1875, a call to Llanidloes, where he 
remained 18 years. He stood in the front rank as a preacher. He was 
frequently successful as an Eisteddfod competitor, and was placed 
second in order of merit for the chair prize at the Bangor Eisteddfod, 
in 1871, foi' his ode on "The Bible." For many y«ars he acted as 
editor of the " Drysorfa," and in his younger days edited a periodical 
known as " Charles o'r Bala." His published works include a volume 
of poems entitled "Fy Awenydd" (1857) ; "Elias y Thesbiad" (1869) ; 
and " Y Messiabi," ,i volume of originil songs and hymns, published in 
1895. He also editad the works of William Williams, Pantycelyn 
(1887-1891). He had the degree of D.D. conferred upon him by one 
of the American Universities. (Yr Herald Cymraeg ; Y Cymro ; 
Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Geninen, March, 1906, p, 36. 

Jones, Owen, 1741-1814, " Owaia Myfyr," the distinguished 
antiquary, wa^ born at Llaniihangel-glyn-Myfyr, Denbighshire. In 
early life he entered the em,jloyinent of a firm of furriers in London, 
and eventually suooedded to the business. Being impressed by the 


neglected state of the literature of his country, he set to work to make 
a collection of its remains, which he afterwards published under the 
title of " The Myfyrian Archaiology of Wales," in three large volumes. 
He also procured transcripts of ancient Welsh poetry, amounting to 50 
quarto volumes, which are now deposited in the British Museum. In 
1772, he founded the Gwyneddigion Society in London, for the purpose 
of patronising the bards of Wales and jironioting the study of the 
Welsh language. He published, at his own expense, the poems of 
Dafydd ab Gwilym, with a preface by Dr. W. Owen Pughe, and 
commenced a miscellany called the " Greal," one volume of which was 
completed. He also published a new edition of the Welsh translation, 
by Dr. John Davies, of " The Christian's Resolution." He was buried 
in the graveyard of the Church of All Hallows the Great and Less, in 
Upper Thames Street, London. {Did. Em. W. ; Bye-Gones, LSS9, 
p. 281.) See Enwog. C; Llyfrydd. y Cyniry ; Hams Lien. G. ; Y 
Geninen, March 1S88, p. 66 ; Memoir, with portrait, in Gwladgarwr, 
1838, p. 33 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Leathart's Origin and Progress of the. 
Gwyneddigion Society; Cambro- Briton, v. 1, p. 19; Gent. Mag., 1814, 
part 2, p. 499 ; Cam. Reg., v. 3, p. 188. 

Jones, Owen, 1787-1828, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, of (ielli, Llanfair, Montgomeryshire, was a native of Towyn, 
Merionethshire. He spent his early days at Aberystwyth, where he 
closely identified himself with religious work, and shewed that rare 
excellence as a catechise, for which he became distinguished in after 
life. He afterwards spent two years at Llanidloes, where he threw 
himself heart and soul into similar work. He then proceeded to 
London, where for some time he assisted Dr. William Owen Pughe in 
correcting for the press the first edition of the Welsh Bible published 
by the Bible Society. In 1808, he was accepted as a preacher, and 
eleven years later was fully ordained. As a preacher, he was earnest, 
impressive, and eloquent ; as a catechist, unrivalled. In 1830, he 
published a small catechism under the the title," Arweinydd i Wybod- 
aeth ; neu y Catecism cyntaf, i hen bobl, a'r ail, i bobl ieuainc " (The 
Guide to Knowledge ; or, the first Catechism for old people, and the 
second for the young), which long continued in use. His Biography 
(with an elegy) l)y the Rev. John Hughes, Pontrobert, appeared in 
1830 (Chester : John Parry). {Mont. Worthies.) See Sunday 
Schools, (&c., p. 193, with portrait ; Cymru, v. 31, p. 117. 

Jones, 0"wen, fl. 1790, a lawyer, was a native of Anglesey, and 
brother of Edward Jones (1771-1831, see ante). He was sometimes 
called " Cor y Cyrtie," probably because he was a lawyer, and acted as 
secretary to the Gwyneddigion Society in London in 1789, vice-president 
in 1792, and president in 1793. He and his brother Edward assisted 
Owen Jones (Owain Myfyr), and Dr. Win. Owen Pughe, in bringim; 
out the poetical works of Dafydd ab Gwilym. (^Dict. Nat. Biog.) 

Jones, Owen, 1806-1889, " Meudwy Mon," a Calvinistic 
Methodist minister and author, was a native of Anglesey. He com- 
menced life as a joiner, but in 1828 he commenced to preach 
with the Calvinistic Methodists. In 1842, he took charge of the 


cause at Mold, removing two years later to Manchester, where he 
remained for 22 years. He spent the remaimler of his life at 
Llandudno. He was a voluminous writer, and translated a number 
of theological books into Welsh. He was the compiler of " Ceinion 
Llenyddiaeth Cynn-u " (Gems of Welsh Literature) ; the editor of 
" Cymru : yn hanesyddol, parthedegol, a bywgraphyddol " (Wales: 
historically, geographically, and biographically), 2 vols. (Glasgow : 
Blackie & Son, 1875) ; and pulJished a volume of lectures (in Welsh) 
on the history of Wales. Altogether lie was responsible, either as 
author, compiler, or translator, for about 40 volumes. (Cymry 
Manceinion.) See Hanes Lien. G.; Y Traethodydd, 1893, p. 28, 
1901, p. 401; Ibid, 1902, p. 161, 1907, p. 373; Cymru, v. 3, p. 9; 
Y Oeninen, 1890, p. 243, and March, p. 33 ; Bye-Gones, October, 16, 

Jones, Owen, 1809-1874, the celebrated architect and designer, 
was the son of Owen Jones (Owain Myfyr), see atite. He received his 
professional training in the oflice of Mr. Vnlliamy, and afterwards 
travelled in France and other parts of Europe, and in Egypt ; but his 
principal stay was at Granada, where he was occupied, with M. J. 
Goury, in making drawings, &c., of the Alhainbra. He designed and 
superintended the printing of various illuminated books, including the 
Song of Solomon, the Sermon on the Mount, &c. His most important 
publications are the " Grammar of Ornament," " Examples of 
Chinese Ornament," " Designs for Mosaic and Tesselated Pavements," 
and " The Polychromatic Ornament of Italy." He was appointed 
superintendent of the great exhibition building of 1861, and director 
of the decorations at the Crystal Palace. During the latter period 
of his life he was engaged more directly as an architect, his principal 
buildings being the St. James' Hall, the most splenditl and com- 
modious, and in its decorations the most novel, music hall in the 
metropolis; and the bazaar called the London Crystal Palace in 
Oxford Street, to which he imparted considerable novelty of effect by 
making the light pass through a skylight of coloured glass arranged in 
a sort of Saracenic framework. {Imp. Diet. Biog.) See Diet. Nat. 
Biog. : Redgrave's Diet, of Artists of English School; Encycl. Brit.; 
AthencBum, 25 April, 1874, p. 569. 

Jones, Owen, 1833-1899, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, was born at Llanuwchllyn, near Bala. His eilucation was of 
the best, and when about 13 years of age he was under the tuition of 
Dr. Lewis Edwards and Dr. John Parry. He graduated B.A. at 
London, and was ordained in LS64, becoming pastor of the Tabernacle 
and Bethesda churches, Festiniog. He remained there until 1872, and 
in that year accepted a call to Chatham Street, Liverpool, as successor 
to the Rev. Henry Rees. He ministered there for twenty years with 
very considerable success, afterwards retiring to Llansantffraid, where 
he spent mucli of liis time in literary pursuits. As a Welsh scholar he 
had few equals ; he was not only a man of sound judgment and high 
moral character, but an eloquent jireacher and an excellent writer, as 
his popular and interesting memoirs of " Robert Tomos " (Wrexham : 
Hughes and Son, 1869) and " Dafydd Rolant " testify. He edited, in 


1889, a new edition of " Llyfr y Tri Aderyn " (The Book of the Three 
Birds) (Liverpool : Isiiac Foulkes), to which he wrote a valuable 
introduction. He was a frequent contriljutor to tlie Welsh mag.izines, 
and his services as Eisteddfod adjudicator were constantly called for. 
(7 Cymro; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Bye-Gones, 1899, p. 24 ; Y 
Geninen, March, 1899, p. 1 ; Cr/mru, v. 16, p. 105. 

Jones, Owen Wynne, 1828-1870, "Glasynys," a clergyman 
and poet, was horn at Rhostryfan, near Carnarvon. As a youth he 
worked with his father in a slate quarry, and when about 15 years of 
age joined the Calvinistic Methodists. Having saved a little money 
he attendeil Bronyfoel school, but he soon had to return to work. He 
then removed to Festiniog, and joined the Estaldished Church. His 
desire for knowledge was intense, and after spending some time at 
Clynnog, under Eben Fardd, he entered the Carnarvon Training 
College. He afterwards placed himself under the tuition of the Rev. 
John Williams (Ab Itliel), who also taught him the rules of Welsh 
poetry. He was ordained in 18G0, and served as curate at Llangristiolus 
(Anglesey) and Pontlottyn (Monmouth). He afterwards resided at 
Portmadoe, and later at Towyn, Merioneth, where he died. He was 
buried at Llandwrog, near Carnarvon. As a poet he stood in the front 
rank, and as a prose writer he had few equals, being noted for his 
pure, idiomatic Welsh. He was exceedingly well versed in Welsh 
folk-lore and antiquities. He won a number of Eisteddfod prizes for 
prose and verse. He was a constant contributor to the Brython, 
under the name of " Salmon Llwyd," and many of his poems also 
appear in that magazine. His essay (Welsh) on "The Truth Against 
the World" appears in Yr Eisteddfod, vol. 1, ]>. 327. An almost 
complete collection of his poetry was published by Mr. 0. M. Edwards 
in books 13 and 14 of " Y Lienor," Jan. and April, 1898. ( Y Geninen, 
March, 1888, p. 72.) See Cymru, vol. 15, p. 222 ; Ibid, vol. 20, p. 103 ; 
Ibid, vol. 27, p. 77 et scq. ; Ibid, v. 6, p. 44 ct seq. ; Y Geninen, March, 
1887, p. 1 ; 1897, p. 128, and March, p. 58 ; Welsh Lyrics, p. 21 ; Welsh 
Poets, &c., p. 21. 

Jones, Peter, 1775-1845, " Pedr Fardd," was born at Bryn- 
engan, in the parish of Dolbenmaen, Carnarvonshire. He removed, 
in early youth, tn Liverpool, where he spent the remainder of his 
days. He attached himself to the Calvinistic Methodists, and 
exercised great power for good among his countrymen. He was 
especially a friend and teacher of young men, both in literature and 
religion. He won the chair prize at Brecon, in 1826, for a poem on 
"The Giving of the Law on Sinai." He prepared a very useful 
catechism for use in Sunday schools, and in 1823 published a volume 
of his poems. He also contributed several articles to the Welsh 
magazines of the day. Some of his hymns are very popular, and 
they are all of very great merit. The best-known are thos- beginning 
" Mae'r lachawdriaeth rad," " Daw tyrfa rif y gwlith," " Cysegrwn 
flaenftrwyth ddyddiau'u hoes," "Daw niiloeild ar ddarfod am danynt." 
His daughter, Mrs. Eunice Jones, wrote a good deal of poetry, and an 
English novel, entitled " The Massacre of Glencoe." {Hanes Lien. G. ; 
Sweet Singers of Wales.) See Y Traethodydd, 1854, p. 257 ; Ibid, 


1900, p. 278 ; Nodweddiad y Ci/mn/, p. 268 ; Y Geninen, 1886, p. 65 ; 
Trans. Nat. EisL, Liverpool, 1884, 'p. 592. 

Jones, Rhys, 1713-1801, poet and compiler, was the eldest son 
of John Jones, of Blaen:m, Llanfachraeth, Merionethshire. He was 
educated at Dolgelley and Shrewsbury, and afterwards lived as a 
country gentleman on his own freehold. He wrote a good deal of 
poetry, and has been described as the greatest living poet in 1770. 
His name, however, is liest known as a compiler. In 1773, he 
published a valuable selection of Welsh poetry of different periods, 
under the title, " Gorcliestion Beirdd Cyniru, neu Flodau Godidowg- 
rwydd Awen." A revised edition of this work, edited by the Rev. 
Robert Ellis (Cynddelw), appeared in 1861 (Carnarvon: H. Humphreys). 
He also puldished " Flangell i'r Methodistiaid " (A Whip for the 
Methodists), in which he displays very narrow religious sympathies ; 
and a collection of poems entitled " Pigiadiau Dewisol o Waith y 
Prydyddion o'r amrywiol Oesoedd " (177U). A selection of his poems 
was published by his grandson. Rice Jones Owen, in 1818. {Diet. 
Nat. Biog.) See Diet. Em. W. \ Cardiff Catalogue ; Llyfrydd. y 
Cymry; Enwog. C ; G.B. ; Cymrii, vol. 1, p. 37 ; Ibid, vol. 32, p. 91 ; 
Golitd yr Oes, vol. 2, p. 81. 

Jones, Rhys Gwesyn, 1826-1901, a C(mgregational minister and 
author, was a native of Abergwesyn, South Wales, and was educated for 
the ministry at the Ffrwdyfal Grammar School and the Brecon Memorial 
College. For some time he was pastor at Bethesda chapel, Merthyr 
Tydtil, but in 1867 he emigrated to America, where he spent the 
remainder of his life,serving as pastor of Bethesda, the Welsh Congrega- 
tional Church of Utica, for many years. He occupied a prominent 
position as preacher, lecturer, and essayist. He received the honorary 
degree of D.D. from an American University. His work on "The World 
before Adam," being an essay on geology and the Bible, published in 
1858, excited much curiosity, inasmuch as it was about the first Welsh 
book of its kind. His " Courting, Marrying, and Living," issued in 
Welsh in 1867, and in English two years later, had a very large circula- 
tion. His " Biography and Works," in Welsh, edited by the Rev. W. R. 
Edwards, Granville, New York, appeared in 1902 (Utica : T. J. 
Griffiths, Drych Office). (G. cfc D. Herald; Tlie Cambrian, 1901, 
p. 473, and 1902, p. 454.) See Y Geninen, March, 1903, p. 21. 

Jones, Richard, 1773-1833, one of the leading Calvinistic 
Methodist ministers of his day, was born at Coed Cae Du, Brynengan, 
Carnarvonshire. He received his education at a school kept at Car- 
narvonshire by the Rev. Evan Richardson, and, declining the proffered 
assistance of a gentleman to bring him up as a barrister, he returned to 
help his father on the farm. He began to preach in 1794, and soon 
attained a prominent position in the connexion. The greater part of 
his life was spent at Wern, Llanfrothen, in Merionethshire. He wrote 
a good deal to the Welsh periodicals under the pen-name " Cymro 
Gwyllt." Among his contributions may be mentioned a series of 
articles on " The French Civil War " to Seren Gomer ; " A Warning 
to Preachers and Hearers of the Gospel ; " " Remarks on the Mammon 


of Unrighteousness " and " Burial Offerings " to Goleuad Ci/mrn ; 
and "The Power and Powerlessness of Man " to the Drysorfa for 
1825. He also prepared two catechisms and published a collection of 
hymns. His principal work is " Drych y Dadleuwr " (The Debater's 
Mirror), (Bala : R. Saunderson, 1S29), in which he severely reproves 
those engaged in the theological disputes then so prevalent in Wales. 
He wrote a number of hymns, many of which are to be found in the 
Welsh hymnals of to-day. His biography was written by the Rev. 
John Jones, Tremadoc (Chester : J. Parry, 1834), and also by the Rev. 
John Jones, Penyparc (183.')J. {Enwog. C. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See 
Great Preachers, &c. ; Cymru, vol. 7, p. 41 ; }' Traethodydd, 1906, 
p. 223. 

Jones, Richard, 1786-1848, " Gwyndaf Eryri," a poet, was born 
at Erw Ystyfiylau, in the parish of Llanwnda, Carnarvonshire, and 
followed the occupation of stonemason. He was a very successful 
Eisteddfod competitor, and was awarded the chair prize at the Carnarvon 
Eisteddfod, 1821, for an ode on " Music." though a good deal of discus- 
sion took place at the time as to the accuracy of tlie award. He also 
received a medal at the Gwyneddigion Eisteddfod, Llanwrtyd, 1823, 
for an ode on " Knowledge," and secured prizes at the Eisteddfodau of 
183U and 1837. In 1818, a collection of his poems was published under 
the title " Peroriaeth Awen " (Carnarvon : P. Evans). His ode on 
" The Death of Sir Thomas Picton " was published under the pen- 
name " Eidiol " in the volume entitled "Awen Dyfed." His other 
•ompositions include odes on " The Feast of Belshazzar " and " The 
Wreck of the Rothsay Castle." He died June 21st, 1848, and was 
buried at Llanbeblig, Carnarvon. {Hanes Lien. G.) See Origin and 
Progress of the Owyneddigion Society, pp. 66 and 93 : Adgof uwch 
Anghof, p. 112 ; }' Geninen, 1883, p. 55 ; Nodweddiad y Cymry, 
p. 274 ; Cymru, vol. 23, p. 167 ; Y Trnethdydd, 1900, p. 280 ; Y 
Geninen, 1893, p. 48. 

Jones, Richard, 1813-1841, a Congregational minister, was 
born at Bala. He joined the church in that town of which the Rev. 
Michael Jones was pastor, and at an early age he was the means of 
forming a young men's debating society. He and five other members 
of this society were invited to devote themselves to preaching. He 
settled down at Aberhosan, near Machynlleth, in 1837, and during the 
remaining four years of his lite the cause prospered exceedingly under 
his charge. His memoir, by the Rev. Hugh Pugh, Mostyn, and a 
collection of his sermons, were published in 1843. (Enwogion 

Jones, Richard, 1816-1892, a self-made man, was born in 
Liverpool of Welsh parents. He emigrated to New South Wales in 
1838, and worked at his trade as a printer in 1842, when he started a 
newspaper. He was elected to the first Assembly in 1856, acted as 
Colonial Treasurer in 1857-X, and in the following year refused an 
invitation to form a ministry. He was one of the oldest and most 
respected colonists of New South Wales, and at the date of his death 
was chairman of the Commercial Bank at Sydney. {Bye-Oanes, 1892, 
p. 376.) 


Jones, Richard Robert, 1780-1843, "Dick Aberdaion," a 
linguist, was born in South Carnarvonshire. He was one of a large 
family, his parents being very poor, so that he received little or no 
education. He was a most eccentric character, and had a remark- 
able talent for acquiring languages. He travelled much throughout 
England and Wales, contriving to work as little as possible, his sole 
purpose in life being to extend his linguistic acquirements. His chief 
object was to study the form and construction of the language, so that 
he was as ignorant of the contents of a book after going through it 
as he was before he began to read it. He spent many years of his life 
in Liverpool, where he was occupied most of his time in walking 
along the docks conversing with foreigners, and learning their 
languages. While there he attracted the notice of Mr. Roscoe, who 
wrote an account of his life. He was conversant with fourteen 
or fifteen languages. He left behind him a number of valuable MSS., 
among them being a Hebrew, Greek and Welsh dictionary. He died 
in great povei'ty, and was buried at St. Asaph. {G.B. ; Bye-Gones, 
1889, p. 125). See Gi/mru O.J., p. 7i;5 ; Y Brython, vol. 3, p. 170; 
Coftant Die Aherdarun (Carnarvon : H. Humphreys) ; Memoir, by 
W. Roscoe, 1822, second edition 1859 ; 1' Gwladgarwr, vol. 4, p. 223, 
and vol. 5, p. 29 (with portrait) ; Chester Chronicle, December 23rd, 
1843 ; Y Beirniadur Cymreig, 1845 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Bye-Gones, 
1889, pp. 16, 20, 112, 130, and 164 ; Y Geninen, 1906, p. 207. 

Jones, Robert, 1745-1829, a Calvinistic Methodist minister and 
author, pcipularly known as " Robert Jones, Rhoslan," was born in the 
parish of Llanystumdwy, Carnarvonshire. He became connected, at an 
early age, with the circulating schools established through the generosity 
of Madam Bevan, and rendered excellent service in that connection in 
various parts of North Wales. As one of Madam Bevan's masters, 
he began his circulating school at Capel Curig, Carmarthenshire, 
then removed to Brynsiencyn, Anglesey, and was afterwards at 
Llangybi and other places in South Carnarvonshire. Being a preacher 
as well as schoolmaster, he came by his full share of the persecutions 
of the times. He published an edition of the hymns of William 
Williams, Pantycelyn, to which he added a few of his own 
composition. In 1820, there appeared his " Drych yr Amseroedd " 
(the Mirror of the Times), containing an account of the principal 
events of the two preceding centuries in Wales, which met with a 
ready sale. In 1834, his biography, with a selection from his letters 
and poems, edited by the Rev. John Elias, was published by J. Jones, 
Llanrwst. (Hemes Emynivyr ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Llyfrydd. y 
Cymry ; Enwog. C. ; Bants Lien. G. ; Y Lienor (O.M.E.) ; G.B., 
vol. 2, p. 92 ; Enwog. y Ffydd, vol. 4, p. 354 ; Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. 2, p. 186 ; Sunday Schools, dc, p. 164 ; Cymru, vol. 12, p. 227. 

Jones, Robert, about ISOO- , known as " Robert Tecwyn 
Meirion," a poet, was born in the parish of Llandecwyn, Merioneth. 
He spent the latter years of his life in Liverpool, where he carried on 
basiness as a coal merchant. He wrote a good deal of prose and 
poetry. Two email volumes of his poems were published — the first 


at Pwllheli in 1829, and the second at Liverpool in 1835. (Enwogiun 

Jones, Robert, 1806-1896, a Baptist minister and author, was 
born at Llanllyfni, Carnarvonshire. He was not favoured with many 
educational advantages in his youth, but made the most of what came 
in his way. In his early days he attended the services of the Calvin- 
istic Methodists, but afterwards joined the Baptists, being bajjtised in 
1833. Shortly afterwards lie commenced to preach, and in 1836 he was 
recognised as the pastor of the churches at Llanllyfni, Garn, and Pont- 
Uyfni. His fame as a sound evangelical preacher and a denomina- 
tionalist of the most aggressive type soon spread throughout the 
churches. His " Gemau Duwinyddol " (Gems of Theology) (Denbigh : 
T. Gee, 1882), a collection of the sayings of eminent men on all 
branches of religious thought, bears traces of his familiarity with the 
Puritans and his fondness for them. His individuality of character 
was manifest in his modes ot thought and expression and in his per- 
sonal appearance. Probablj' his best known work is his Welsh essay 
on " Popery," which displays unwearied labour, patient research, and 
delightful power of expression. In 1851, he published a collection 
of hymns, inclu<ling a number of his own composition. He was a 
Free Churchman of a pronounced type, and many witty sayings of his 
are recorded as having been spoken in meetings of the Liberation 
Society. He was chairman of tlie Welsh Baptist Union in 1880. 
{Baptist Handbiiuk, 1897 ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See }' Geninen, 1895, 
p. 104 ; Ibid, 1897, p. 37; his Biography, by tlie Rev. Owen Davies, 
D.D., Carnarvon. 

Jones, Robert, 1810-1879, a clergyman and author, for 37 years 
vicar of All Saints, Kotherhithe, was born at Llanfyllin, Montgomery- 
shire. He completed his education at Jesus College, Oxford, where he 
graduated B.A. On leaving the university, he was licensed to a 
curacy at Connah's Quay, Flintshire : subsequently he was curate at 
Barmouth, and in 1812 removed to Rotherhithe. During the severe 
visitation of cholera in 1853-4, he worked hard, fearless of danger, 
administering medicine to the poor and visiting the dying. He was 
himself struck down by the malady, but recovered. He was an 
occasional contril)Utor to the Shreii'sMiri/ Chronicle and Eddowes's 
Journal, under the pen-name of "Rob Roy." In 1864, he published 
a reprint of the '■ Flores Poetarum Brittannicorum " by Dr. John 
Davies, of Mallwyd ; and, in 1876, brought out an excellent edition of 
the " Poetical Works, Life, &c., of Goronwy Owen," enriched with 
valuable notes from his own pen. In 1877, he edited another most rare 
and cui-ious work, Salesbury's " Welsh-English Dictionary," being a 
reprint of the original edition of 1547. His hospitable board was the 
meeting-point of numbers of the Welsh literati who visited the metro- 
polis, and he himself was ever foremost in promoting every movement 
for the social and moral well-being of his fellow-countrymen, regard- 
less of creed or sect. He was an ardent eisteddfodwr. {Mont. 
Worthies ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Y Cymmrodor, vol. 3, p. 126 ; 
Bye-Oones, April 2nd, 1879 ; Athenceum, April 5th, 1879, p. 438. 


Jones, Robert Albert, -]8ii2, a banister and educationist, 

was a son of the Rev. John Jones, of Penybryn, Wrexham, and a 
great-grandson of Robert Jones, Rhoslan (see ante). He was an 
exceedingly bright scholar, his university career at Oxford being 
remarkably brilliant. Pos^essing independent means, he devoted his 
energies chiefly to the cause of education in North Wales. He acted 
as secretary of the committee appointed to prepare a scheme for a 
national university for Wales ; was a member of the Council of the 
Bangor University College, and joint author with Principal Reichel of 
a report on technical education, made as the result of exhaustive 
inquiries in this and other countries. He was one of the secretaries of 
the conference of Joint Education Committees for Wales, which, under 
the presidency of Mr. A. H. D. Acland, M.P., was engaged for two or 
three years in preparing schemes for the uniform administration of the 
Wels^h Intermediate Education Act. He took a keen interest in the 
Welsh land question, and in 1887 wrote a work on " The Land 
Question and a Land Bill, with special reference to Wales." (C d: D, 
Herald ; Cardiff Catalogue ; Bye-Gones, 1892, p. 429.) See Gymru, 
vol. 5, p. 40. 

Jones, Robert Ambrose, 1851-1906, "Emrys ap Iwan," a 
Calvinistic Methodist minister and author, was born at Bryn Aber, 
near Abergele. When quite a lad he assisted his father, who was 
employed as a gardener, and in his thirteenth year he left home for 
Liverpool, where he found employment with a draper. In 1868 he 
entered Bala College, and afterwards spent a considerable time at 
Lausanne, Switzerland. He then entered the oftice of the Baner 
newspaper at Denbigh, and in 1883 was ordained pastor of the 
Tabernacle Church at Ruthin. He was afterwards at Abergele, and 
later on at Rhewl, near Ruthin, where he had charge of the churches 
at Rhydycilgwyn and Llanbedr. He was well known as a preacher, 
but was still better known as a literary man. He was a frequent 
contributor to the Geninen and other periodicals, and was the author 
of a Welsh Grammar, entitled " Camrau mewn Gramadeg," published 
by Gee of Denbigh. He also prepared a volume ef sermons, under the 
title of " Hoiiiiliau," which was in the press at the time of his death. 
He was an excellent linguist, and could speak French and German 
with perfect ease. His sermons abound in original thought, and they 
are clothed with a rare charm of expression, at times rising into true 
eloquence and poetic beauty, and always in pure and strictly idiomatic 
Welsh. They aie the product of a man of rich endowments both of 
spirit and mind, with wide sympathies and intense earnestness, who 
was an independent thinker and a master of Welsh prose. (C. <i D. 
Herald.) See Y Geninen, 1906, p. 132 ; Manchester Guardian, 
January 18th, 1907 ; }' Traethodydd 1907, p. 290. 

Jones, R Evan, 1837-1897, an American civil servant, 

was born at Carnarvon, and early in life went over to America, settling 
in the State of Louis in 185.''). In 1858, he moved to Mobile, Alabama, 
and there resided until 1887, when he removed to Birmingham. 
When the war broke out he enlisted in the cause of the Confederacy, 
and afterwards served with the Alabama Ai-tillery, being wounded in 


the leg in the battle of Shiloh. A few months before his death he 
was elected coroner of JeHerson County, by the Democratic party, by a 
large majority. He was a man of sterling character, and scrupulously 
exact in his dealings with his fellow-men. {G. <£• D. Herald.) 

Jones, Robert Isaac, 1813-1904, "Alltud Eifion," a poet and 
publisher, was born at Tyddyn Islyn, Pentrefelin, near Tremadoc. By 
profession he was a chemist, and was well known in every part of the 
Principality on account of the patent medicines he manufactured. He 
was the author of many works on Welsh folk-lore, and articles from 
his pen appearetl very often in the Welsh press. For many years he 
edited and published the popular Welsh magazine, Y Brythun, and 
Baner y (iroes, another Welsh journal which had a of 
supporters. He excelled as a writer of " englynion," and to his last 
days he was ready with his " cynghaneddion." Although he was 
descended from an old Methodist stock he became a devoted Church- 
man and a staunch Conseivative. In 1889, he published a collection of 
hymns, and in 18'.t2 a volume entitled " Y Gestiana," containing 
antiquarian notes on Portmudoc and district. He also edited the poems 
of Ellis Owen and John Thomas (Sion Wyn o Eifion). (C. & D. 
Herald; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Jones, Rowland, 1722-1774, a philologist, was the second son 
(according to Rowlands) of John Williams, but according to the " Roll 
of the Inner Temi^le," of William Jones, of Bachellyn, Llanljcdrog, 
Carnarvonshire. He was educated first of all at Llannor School, and 
afterwards at Bottwnog. He spent some time as clerk in his father's 
office (a solicitor), and soon obtained a similar situation in London. He 
married a young Welsh heiress, and was enrolled a member of the 
Inner Temple. He purchased Y Weirgloddfawr, in the parish of 
Abererch, near Pwllheli, where the residence now known as Broom 
Hall was erected. He wrote " The Origin of Languages and Nations," 
in which he attempts to piove that Welsh was the primeval language ; 
a " Postscript " to the last work, which was afterwards bound with it 
(London, 1767) ; " Hieroglyphic, or a Grammatical Introduction to 
an Universal Hieroglyphic and Language ; " " The Philosophy of 
Words " (London, 17('i'.l) ; " The Circles of Gomer, or an Essay towards 
the Investigation of the English as a Univeisal Language " (London, 
1771). {Diet. Nat. Biug.) See Bye-Gones, 1897, p. 68 ; F Brythun, 
vol. 1, second edition, p. 20 ; Llyfrydd. y Cymry ; Herald Cyniracg, 

Jones, Samuel, 1680-1719, a Nonconformist tutor, was probably 
born at Pennsylvania. His father, Malachi Jones, who died in 1728, 
was a Welsh minister who had emigrated to America, and at the time 
of his death was pastor at Pennsylvania. Samuel Jones settled at Glou- 
cester, and opened a Nonconformist academy, which had attained great 
repute by 1710, when Thomas Seeker, afterwards Archbishop of 
Canterbury, entered it as student. Among his other pupils were 
Bishop Butler, Dr. Nathaniel Lardner, and Dr. Samuel Chandler. A 
manuscript copy, in two octavo volumes, of his Latin lectures on 
Jewish antiquities, is to be found in Dr. Williams' Library, Gordon 
Square. Some identify the tutor with the Welsh poet, Samuel Jones 


(1680-1720), who is stated in Williams' Eminent Welshmen to have 
been a clergyman by profession, and to have presided at the Glamorgan 
Eisteddfod in 1700. Professor Fitzgerald, of Duldin, in a "Life of 
Butler," prefixed to a very valuable edition of the " Analogy," says : — 
'• Jones was a man of no mean ability or erudition, and eould number 
among his scholars many names that might confer lionour on any 
university in Christendom." [Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Bye-Qones, 1872, 
p. 48.) See MonUdy Repositury, 1809, p. t]51 ; Gibbon's Memoirs of 
Isaac Watts, 17S(), p. 'M6 -, Bogue and Bennett's Hist, of Dissenters, 
1833, vol. 2, p. 225 : Rees' Hist. ; Jeremy's Presb. Fund, 1885, 
pp. 13, 39. 

Jones, Samuel, 1735-1814, a Baptist minister and author, was a 
native of Glamorganshire, but when he was two years of age his parents 
emigrated to America. He was educated at Philadelphia College, 
where he graduated M.A., afterwards receiving the degree of D.D. He 
served as pastor at Southampton and Penypeg, his ministry extending 
over a period of 51 years. As a preacher he occupied a leading posi- 
tion. He published an essay on " Discipline," and a collection of 
hymns, which proved him to be a poet of great merit. (O.B.) 

Jones, Samuel, 1746-1819, banker and philanthropist, was the 
eon of John Jones, a Welsh tea salesman in very ordinary circum- 
stances. Samuel Jones was most diligent and persevering in business, 
and acquired considerable wealth. In his will he bequeathed £5,000 
to the Manchester University College. {Cymry Manceinion.) 

Jones, Samuel Benjamin, 1830-1900, a self-made man, was 
the last surviving son of Mr. Benjamin Jones, the Welsh litterateur, 
who was widely known among his countrymen as " P. A. Mon," and 
was born at Holyhead. He went to America in 1851, when he entered 
the employ of R. H. Macy, and later went to Lord and Taylor's, subse- 
quently becoming a partner in a branch of the tlry goods stoi'e of 
Lyons, Jones and Co., of " Columbia Hall," Grand Street, New York 
City. In 1(S65, he formed a partnership with Mr. William Johnson in 
Brooklyn as dealers in fine trimmings and laces, etc. At this time he 
was carrying a burden of debt due to the failure of Lyons, Jones and 
Co., and it was not until 1867 that he was able to meet these obliga- 
tions. On the death of Mr. Johnson he went into business on his own 
account, in a much larger store. All these old debts, even those for 
which he could not have been legally held liable,were paid in full, and 
as his business grew under his wise and able management he was twice 
again enabled to move to more commodious quarters, finally retiring in 
1887. (T/ifi Cambrian.) 

Jones, Samuel Milton, 1846-1904, inventor and author, was a 
native of Beddgelert, but emigrated to Pennsylvania. After starting in 
business in Toledo, he became dissatisfied with the general wage 
system, and adopted a system of profit-sharing on an extensive scale. 
As mayor of Toledo for several years he became exceedingly popular, 
being known as " Golden Rule Jones," from the fact that he had for 
many years conducted his vast establishment on the principle of doing 
unto others as he would be done by. He was the inventor and manu- 


facturer of the Acme Sucker-Rod and other oil-well machinery. He 
was a musician and poet, and in the various elections which he fought 
he composed his own election songs. His published works include 
"The New Right," and " Letters ol Love and Labour." A writer in 
Munsey's Magazine for September, I'.'Ot), p. IM, thus refers to Mr. 
Jones: — "The 'Golden Rule Mayor' was for years one of the most 
picturesque figures in American public life. As a boy of 18, he went 
into the oil country with 15 cents in his pocket, and worked up to 
riches. Then he became a politician, but such a one as Ohio had 
never seen. He declared himself independent of all the political 
parties, and all the newspapers, and, with notliing but his own 
personal magnetism to aid him, persuaded more than three-fourths of 
the Toledo citizens to indorse his platform of equality and brotherhood. 
As long as Toledo stands, its patron saint will be ' Golden Rule Jones,' 
the man without a party." (Y Dn/ch.) See Young Wales, 1899, 
p. 99. 

Jones, Stephen, 17t;3-1827,an author, was the eldest son of Giles 
Jones, secretary to the York Buildings Water Co. (a native of Carmar- 
thenshire), was born in London. He was a brother of John Jones, 
editor of the Naval CIn'onicle and the European Magazine ; a 
nephew of Gritfith Jones (1722-1780, see ante ; and an uncle of John 
Winter Jones (1805-1881, see ante). He was educated at St. Paul's 
School, and apprenticed to a printer in Fetter Lane. In 1797, he 
became editor of the Whitehall Evening Post, and afterwards manager 
and part proprietor of the General Evening Post, which was subse- 
quently merged in the St. James' Chronicle. From 1797 to 1814, he 
compiled from the newspapers, &c., an amusing annual volume entitled 
" The Spirit of the Public Journals." His other works include 
'« Monthly Beauties," 1793 ; " The History of Poland," 1795 ; " A New 
Biographical Dictionary in Miniature," of which several editions 
appeared ; " Masonic Miscellanies in Poetry and Prose," 1797 ; " Bio- 
graphia Dramatica, or A Companion to the Playhouse," 3 vols., 1812 ; 
he also edited an eilition of " Gray's Poetical Works," 1800 ; and issued 
a new edition of Davies's " Life of Garrick," 1808. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) 
See Imp. Diet. Biog.; Biog. Diet, of Living Authors, p. 183; Gardiner's 
Registers of St. Paul's School, p. 160 ; Gent. Mag., vol. 98 ; Lowndes' 
Bibl. Man. (Bohn) pp. 100, 1227, 2481 ; Quarterly Revieiv, vol. 7, 
p. 282. 

Jones, Theophilus, 1758-1812, the historian of Breconshire, 
was a native of that county, and a grandson of Theophilus Evans, with 
whom he spent much of his early life. Being intended for the law, he 
was placed under the care of a Brecon attorney, and afterwards prac- 
tised in that town for many years. He also held the deputy-registrar- 
ship of the archdeaconry of Brecon, and in that capacity derived much 
valuable information connected with the parochial history of the 
county. He afterwards disposed of his business, and devoted himself 
almost entirely to the collection of materials for his well-known 
" History of Brecknockshire," whieh was published in two volumes — 
the first in 1S()5, and the second in 1809. There was no part of the 
county into which he did not extend his personal researches, inquiring 


most minutely into the natural history and antiquities of every place 
and parish. He contributed two papers to the Cambrian Register, 
and liis last literary attempt was a translation into English of " The 
Visions of the Sleeping Bard," by Ellis Wynn. He had intended pub- 
lishing a history of Radnorshire, but ill-health compelled him to 
abandon the idea. His " Life, Letters, and Literary Remains " 
appeared in 1905 (Brecon : Davies iV Co.). {Diet. Em. W.) See Y 
Traethodydd, 184ti ; his biography in second etlitiou of History of 
Brecknockshire (Brecknock : Eilwin Davies, 1898). 

Jones, Theophilus, 1810-1896, a Baptist minister, was a native 
of Glamiirganshirr,anJ in his early youth worked as a weaver at Pont- 
morlais, Merthyr Tydfil, in that county. Being of a religious turn of 
mind he studied hard with a view to entering the ministry. He began 
to preach when 17 years of age, and three years later was ordained. In 
1843, he went to the United States, and took charge of the Welsh 
Baptist Church in New York, where he laboured for several years. In 
1870, he removed to Wilkesbarre, where he became pastor of the first 
Welsh Baptist coBgregation, which then worshipped in a small hall. 
His eloquence as a preacher soon filled the hall with hearers, and a 
larger building was provided. In a few years, this again became too 
small, and a handsome church was built in Sheridan Street. He was 
remarkably fearless and outspoken, and one of the most popular 
preachers of his day. {The Ckwibricm, 1896, p. 125.) 

Jones, Thomas, 1647-1713, an author, popularly known as 
" Thomas Jones of Shrewsbury," was born at Tre'rddol, near Corwen, 
Merionethshire. A tailor by trade, he carried on business for some 
time in London, but eventually turnetl his attention to literature. 
About the year 1685, he opened a bookseller's shop in Shrewsbury, 
and here he published several books. In 1688, he published a Welsh- 
English dictionary under the title " Y C4yuiraeg yn ei Disgleirdeb," 
which met with considerable success, three editions being called for. 
In 1699 he published a Welsh version from his own pen of Bunyan's 
" Pilgrim's Progress," and a little later he brought out a Welsh edition 
of the Book of Common Prayer and of the metrical version of the 
Psalms by Edmund Prys. Thomas Jones, too, was the first publisher 
of the Welsh Almanac, which afterwards proved so popular, the first of 
the series being that for the year 1680. Either as publisher, printer, 
editor, translator, or author he was responsible for over 30 volumes. 
Few men rendered greater service to Welsh literature in the latter part 
of the seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth than 
Thomas Jones. {Hunes Lien. G.\ TJyfrydd.y Cymry.) See Cymru O.J. 

Jones, Thomas, about 1720-1790, a clergyman, was vicar of 
Pennant from 1757 to 1762, rector of Llangynog fiom 1762 to 1782, 
and rector of Hirnant from the latter year to 1790. In 1761, he pub- 
lished " Rheol Addoliad ac Ymarfer Duwioldeb i'r Hwsmon " (a 
translation of Archbishop Seeker's lectures on the " Rule of Worship 
and Practice of Piety for the Husbandman ") ; " Traethiadau ar Gate- 
cism Eglwys Loegr, gyda Phregeth ai' Gontfirmasiwn ; " and in 1779 
" Pregeth ar Salm cxix., v. 165 " (a Sermon on Psalm 119, v. 165). The 
Parochial Register of Hirnant also records that in 1784 he translated 

Rev. TiidMAs Jonks, 1 


Hi-v. T. (1. .T.iNK 

John R. Jd.Niis, 1.S44-1.S1I3. 


into English " Drych y Prif Oesoedd " by the Rev. Theophilus Evans, 
which, however, does not seem to have ever been published. {Mont. 
Worthies.) See Ranes Lhn. G. 

Jones, Thomas, 1743-1S03, a painter, was a native of Aberedw, 
in Rndnoishire, and was the second son of Thomas Jones, of Trefonnen 
and Pencerrig, in that county. He was educated for the church, but 
owing to lack of means, he had to abandon the intention of taking 
holy orders. Having a great talent for painting, he became a pupil 
of his countryman, Richard Wilson, with whom he became a great 
favourite. He afterwards studied under tlie great Mortimer, and 
numbered Durno Wheatley and many other artists of high repute 
among his friends. He went on improving in his art, and painted 
several pictures which were very well received by the public. He 
went to Rome in 1776, antl afterwards visited Naples, where he met a 
German lady whom he subsequently married. In both these cities he 
exercised his talent with considerable echit. At Naples particularly 
he is said to have left behind him several very honourable specimens 
of English art. After his return to England, he practised in London 
for many years, and was extensivelj' patronised, many of his works 
tinding their way into the numerous coUecticnis of the metropolis. 
{Diet. Em. W.) See Enwog. G.\ Malkin's Smith Wales ; Redgrave's 
Diet, of Artists ; Fai^an's Catalogue "/ Woollc.tVs Works ; Nagler's 
Catalogues of Societij of Artists and Royal Academy ; Foster's Alumni 
Oxon. II., p. 722 ; History of Radnorshire, 1905, p. 422. 

Jones, Thomas, 17.")2-1845, of Creaton, a clergyman and author, 
was born at Hafod, Aberystwyth, and was trained for holy orders at 
Ystradmeurig, under Edward Richard. After holding various curacies, 
he removed, in 1781, to Oswestry, where he distinguished himself by 
his zeal, but his preaching was so unpalatable that he was deprived of 
his curacy in 1782. Tnree years later he accepted the curacy of 
Creaton, in Northamptonshire, and his connection with that parish 
continued for over 47 years. He was engaged in a controversy with 
Christmas Evans, and assisted Thomas Charles in founding the Bible 
Society. He acquired great eminence as an evangelical preacher, and 
was the author of several works in English which have been widely 
read, his "Scriptural Directory" having passed through at least ten 
e litions. He also published a Welsh book, entitled, "The Sinner's 
Friend," and translated into Welsh Baxter's " Saints' Rest," and other 
works. His other publications include "The Prodigal's Pilgrimage," 
"Family Pr.iyers," "The True Christian," "An Essay on Infant 
Baptism," "The Christian Warrior," and "The Fountain of Life." 
His memoir, by the Rev. .John Owen, vicar of Thrussington (with 
portrait), appeared in 1851. (Diet. Em. W.) See Enwog. C.\ Enwog. 
y Ffydd, v. 2, p. ;J()4, at seq ; Hanes Lien. O. ; Sunday Schools, &c. ; 
Phillips' Jubilee Mrmnrial of the Bible Society ; Enwogion Ceredigion ; 
Y (ieninen, 1897, p. 34 ; Y Traethodydd, 19U7, p. ^'^. 

Jones, Thomas, 1756-1807, a very eminent lecturer at Trinity 
College, Cambridge, was born at Berriew, in Montgomeryshire. He 
was admitted to St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1774, and two years 
later removed to Trinity College, taking his B.A. degree in 1779. His 


superiority as a scholar was such that the honour of senior wrangler 
was conceded to him before the examination liegan. In 1781, he was 
elected P'ellow of Trinitj' College, and six j'ears later was appointed 
head-tutor, an office which he held to the day of his death. He 
displayed an ability as tutor which was rarely excelled, and an 
integrity which was never surpassed. He was so perfect a master of 
his sul)jects that his lectures attracted more than usual attention, 
which were made interesting even for those who had no taste for 
mathematical inquiries. Though frequently urged to do so, he 
declined to publish any of his lectures. His only published works 
were a sermon on duelling, and an address to the Volunteers of 
Montgomeryshire. An affectionate memoir of him, from the pen of 
Bishop Marsh, of Peterborough, to whom he had been tutor, appears 
in the Encyclapcedia Londinensis. {Diet. Em. W.) See Diet. Nat. 

Jones, Thomas, 1756-1820, a Calvinistic Methodist minister 
and author, popularly known as " Thomas Jones of Denbigh," was 
born near Caerwys, Flintshire, and received a classical education. He 
was intended for the Establislietl Church, but joined the Calvinistic 
Methodists, labouring successively at Mold, Ruthin, and Denbigh. He 
published a treatise against Arminianism, being a translation of the 
fourth part of Gurnal's " Complete Armour," but his jirincipal work 
was a Welsh History of the Reformers, Martyrs, and Confessors of the 
Church of England. Both in prose and poetry he published no less 
than twenty-four books and pamphlets. He was a voluminous reader, 
and a deep thinker ; a great preacher ; a celebrated author, and a 
theologian of the first rank. He seemed to have taxed to the utmost 
degree both his physical and mental energies with a view to build up 
the denomination upon the foundations already laid, ami to bring it 
into line with the New Testament teaching as regards evangelical 
doctrine and church government. To him also Wales is indeltted for 
the initial steps wldch led to tlie publishing of such a variety of 
Welsh literature at the opening of the nineteenth century. He com- 
posed a number of excellent hynms, the most popular being " Ar aur 
delynau'r nef ," " Mi wn fod fy Mhrynwr yn fy w," and " ! arwain fy 
enaid i'r dyfroedd." His widow wrote the favourite hymn, " Mae arnaf 
eisieu beunydd, Cyn fy medd." {Did. Em.W.; Historical Handhnuk.) 
See his Welsh Biography, 1S20 ; Llyfrydd.y Gymry ; Trans. Cardiff 
Eist., 1883, p. 217 ; Enwog. C. ; Enwugion y Ffydd, v. 2, p. ;58:5 ; Yr 
Eurgrawn Wesleyaidd, 188t), p. 31 ; Hanes Lien. G. ; Nodweddiad y 
Gymry, p. 259 ; Wales, v. 3, p. 90 ; Sunday Sehools, <£/•., p. 162 ; Y 
Traethodydd, 1897, p. 321 ; Gymru, v. 13, p. 42 ; his Biography, by the 
Rev. Jonatlian .Jones (Denbigh: Gee & Son). 

Jones, Thomas, 1761-1831, a Calvinistic Methodist minister 
and author, was born at Escair, in the parish of Lianpumpsaint, 
Carmarthenshire. He joined the Calvinistic Methodist connexion, and 
became a very acceptable preacher with that body. He wrote 
expository volumes on various parts of Scripture (including the 
Pentateuch, the Book of Job, the Song of Solomon, and the Epistle to 
the Hebrews), which were widely circulated, and are lasting 


monuments of his penetration, discrimination, and industry. He 
died at Carmarthen, and was buried near the Calvinistic Methodist 
chapel in that town. {Diet. Em. W.) 

Jones, Thomas, 176S-1S28, " Y Bardd Cloff," a poet, was born 
at Llandysilio, Denbighshire. At the a^e of twelve, he entered the 
counting; house of a very large establishment in the coach and military 
lace line, in Long Acre, Lomion. He was fond of reading, and 
devoted some of his leisure to the cultivation of the muse. In 1789, 
he joined the Gwyneddigion Society, of which he afterwards became 
secretary. He was three times elected president, and in 1821, at the 
Jubilee Anniver^ry dinner, was presented with the society's silver 
medal to commemorate the event. He subsetjuently became partner 
in the business in Long Acre, and was noted for his generosity and 
benevolence. In 1802, he published an " Ode of St. David's Day." 
In 1820, he assisted in the formation of the Metropolitan Cambrian 
Institution, of which he was elected treasurer. He gained a gold 
medal offered by that Institution for a Welsh poem, and also won 
several Eiste<ldfodic prizes. The Cymmrodorion medal, offered for 
the best elegy on his demise, was awarded to Robert Davies (Bardd 
Nantglyn.) {Diet. Km. W.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; LcatharVs 
History of the (Twxji^eddigion Society, pp. 23, 30, 49, 59, 73. 

Jones, Thomas, 1777-1847, a Calvinistic Methodist minister 
and author, was born at Llanfwrog, Anglesey, and began to preach in 
1808, eventually settling at Amlwch, where he died. He translated a 
number of standard English works into Welsh, among them " Scott on 
the Prophets," " Redemption ; " Dick's " Christian Philosopher," a 
work by .Tonathan Edwards, &c. He also translated a Concordance to 
the Bible. (EnirO(j. G. ; Cardiff' Catalogue.) 

Jones, Thomas, 1782-1869, a hymn-writer, was born near 
Newcastle-Einlyn, South Wales, and at an early age joined the 
Congregationalists. He wrote a number of hymns, a small collection 
of which was published, in 1837, by Isaac Thomas, of Cardigan. 
Some of these afterwaids appeared in the collection of the Rev. E. 
Stephen and Mr. J. D. Jones. His best known liymns are : " Nac aed 
Calfaria fynydd, byth o'm cof ; " " Yr Adgyfodiad mawr a'r Bywyd ; " 
and " Af i'r afon ar fyr enyd." {Hanes Eniynwyr.) 

Jones, Thomas, 1803-1891, a Wesleyan minister and author, 
was born in the parish of Llanarth, Cardiganshire. He began to 
preach when aliout 18 years of age, and afterwards underwent a 
course of training at Neuaddlwyd Academy, then under the care of 
Dr. Phillips. He was ordained in 182ti, and spent the greater part of 
his ministerial career in the Cardiff', Carmarthen, and other South 
Wales circuits. Owing to ill-health, he retired from the ministry in 
1866, residing afterwards at St. David's, where he died. He attained 
a leading position as a preacher, but it was perhaps in connection with 
the literature of the denomination that he rendered the greatest 
service. About 1834, he was appointed editor of Yr Eurgraivn. In 
conjunction with the Rev. Samuel Davies, he published a theological 
work, entitled, " Y Drysorgell Efengylaidd" (The Evangelical 


Treasury), which was issued in thirteen shilling parts. He was one of 
the founders of the Wesleyan magazine, 1' Winllan, and he also 
wrote a Sunday School Catechism, " Elfenau Duwinyddiaeth " (The 
Elements of Theology), Llanidloes : J. M. Jones, 183'.' ; another 
edition l)eing published in 1857 ; a pamphlet on " Drunkenness," 
1835 ; and another on " The Christian Ministry " (Haverfordwest : E. 
Joseph, 1852.) He received the degree of D.D. He was a very 
popular lecturer on general subjects, such as " Education," " Druidism," 
"Lady Huntingdon," and "The Soul." (F Geninen, March, 1893, 
p. 27 ; Cardiff Catahigur.) 

Jones, Thomas, 1810 -1849, the first missionary to the Khassia 
Hills, north-eastern B-ngal, was burn near Tanyffridd, between 
Llanfair and Meifod, Montgomeryshire. He learned his father's trade 
of wheelwright and carpenter, but at an early age entered the 
Calvinistic Methodist College at Bala for the necessary training for 
the missionary field. He was ordained in 1840, and offered himself 
to the Loudon Missionary Society for service in India. That Society, 
acting on the report of its medical officer, accepted him on condition 
that he would labour in South Africa. Tliis he declined, and the 
result was that the Calvinistic Methodists established a Missionary 
Society of their own, and sent Mr. Jones as their first missionary. 
His first task was to learn the native language, and it turned out to be 
one of no small difficulty. By dint of patience and perseverance, 
however, he succeeded in accomplishing it, and subsequently translated 
the gospel of St. Matthew and some other works into that language. 
He laboured zealously and earnestly in the mission field for some 
years, but his health failed him, and he died in his fortieth year, being 
buried in the Scotch burial ground at Calcutta. {Mont. Worthies.) 

Jones, Thomas, 1810-1875, liVirarian of the Cheetham Library, 
Manchester, was born at Underbill, Margam, near Neath. He was 
educated at Cowbridge Grammar School, and Jesus College, Oxford, 
where he graduated B.A. in 1832. In 1X42, he was engaged to compile 
a catalogue of Neath Library, and three years later was appointed 
librarian of the Cheetham Library. Under his care the library was 
increased from 19,000 to 40,000 volumes. He compiled an admirably 
annotated " Catalogue of the Collection of Tracts for and against Popery 
(published in and about the reign of James II.) in tlie Manchester 
Library founded by Humphrey Cheetham," 1859 - 6."), 2 vols. He issued 
a prospectus of a general literary index, and specimens of the intended 
work appeared in " Notes and Queries," but the project was not carried 
out. He also began extensive collections of material for a biography 
of Dr. Dee, a fellow-countryman of his. He was a regular contributor 
to " Notes and Queries,"usually under the signature of " Bibliothecarius 
Cheethamensis." He was a witness before the House of Commons 
Committee on Public Libraries in 1849, and was elected F.S.A. in 
181)6. He died at Southport, and was buried at St. Mark's Church, 
Cheetham Hill, Manchester. (Dirt. Nat. Biog.) See Memoir by 
W. E. A. Axon in Papers of the Manchester Lihrartj Club, v. 2, p. 59 ; 
App. to Cheetham Sue. Publications, v. 96 ; Ci/mry Manceinion ,- 
Bye-Gones, 1875, p. 337, and 1876, p. 70. 


Jones, Thomas, 1810- 18S9, a clergyman and musician, Wiia a 
native of Llanbiidarnfawr, Canligaiishire, and completed his education 
at Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. He was an excellent Hebrew 
Bcholar. After serving various curacies, he was appointed rector of 
Llanengan, neiir Pwllheli, Carnarvonshire, ami here he resided till his 
death. In 18")9, he pul)li8hed a collection of tunes and chants under 
the title, '* Welsh Church Tune and Chant Book," which was dedicated 
to the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the four Welsh l)ishops, and 
which passed through many editions. He was the composer of many 
of the tunes contained in the volume. He was a verj' ardent musician, 
and took a leading part in the improvement of choral singing in South 
Carnarvonshire. {B. Cerddvrion dimreig ; C. and D. Herald.) 

Jones, Thomas, 1811-1866, " Glan Alun," a Calvinistic 
Methfxlist minister and poet, was born at Mold, and spent his early 
days as apprentice to a chemist at Chester. During his stay there he 
was a frequent contributor to (roleiiad Cymrii, a magazine published 
in that city, some of his articles dealing with the vexed question of 
Welsh orthography. He afterwards removed to Wrexham, and later on 
to Mold, where he carried on business as a chemist. He was fully 
ordained in 18.')0. He was a prolific writer of prose and poetry, and 
had a particularly fascinating style. He translated ^53sop'8 Fables into 
Welsh, and a secontl edition was called for in 1880. In 1863, he issued 
nine numbers of a magazine called }' Wenyneri, which consisted 
chiefly of his own articles and poems. In 1841:, he won a prize at the 
Llanrwst Eisteddfod for a poem on " Esther." His memoir of his 
sister, under the title " Fy Chwaer " (1844), was very widely read. His 
poems, under the title " Ehediadau Byrion," appeared in 1862. 
(C. <t D. Herald ; Cardiff Catalogue). See his articles and poems in 

Y Traethodydd for 184.\ 1846, 1848, 18a6, 18.i9, 18(52, 1863, and 1864 ; 

Y Geninen, 1886, p. 108; Ceinion Lien. '•., vol. 2, p. 248. 

Jones, Thomas, 1819-1882, a Congregational minister, popularly 
known as the " poet-preacher," was born at Rhayader, Radnorshire. 
Originally a collier boy, he was ordained minister of Bryn Chapel, 
Llanelly, which he left for the pastorate of the United Churches of 
Hermon and Tabor, near Llandilo. He afterwards removed to 
Morriston, whence, in 1858, he went to London to become minister 
of Albany Chapel, Regent's Park. He subsequently accepted a call to 
Bedford Chapel, Camden Town, to which his eloquence attracted over- 
flowing congregations, amongst whom might have been discovered 
such men as the veneralde Dr. Leifchild, .James Stratten, Professor 
Godwin, Dr. Young (author of "The Christ of History "), and some of 
the principal literary people of the day, including Robert Browning, 
the poet. In an introductory note to a volume of Mr. Jones' sermons 
and addresses, Robert Browning wrote : "The clean-cut Celtic features, 
the lips compressed as with the retention of a discovered prize in 
thought or feeling, the triumph of the eyes, brimful of conviction and 
confidence — these, no less than the fervency of faith and hope, were 
the orator's own." In 1871, he was elected chairman of the Congrega- 
tional Union of England and Wales. He was certainly one of the 
most popular preachers of the age: he gloried in the work of the 


ministry. {The Red Dragon ; Rees' Hist. ; Bye-Gones, 1884, p. 42.) 
S(* Congregational Year Book, l.SS.'l ; Tunes, 27th June 18.S2 ; Hanes 
Eglwysi Annilji/nol Cymrii, vol. 5; (Treat Modern Preachers (Darling, 
187.")) ; Life of Robert Browning, by Mrs. Sutherland Orr. 

Jones, Thomas, about 1820- , a musician, was a native of 
Brrckn(jrkshire. In 184;{, he settled at Crickhowell, where he engaged 
in business. He composed several excellent tunes, two of which— 
" Trefcastell " and " Ffydd y Cristion " — were published in " Caniadau 
Seion," and others in " Yr Arweinydd Cerddorol " and " Y Salmydd 
Cenedlaethol." {B. Gerddorion Gymreig.) 

Jones, Thomas, 1822-1854, "Gogrynwr," a musician, was born 
at Dolgelly, and [iractised as a surgeon at Wri'xham and Corwen. He 
died at thi^ early age of 152. He composed a number of musical pieces 
of considerable merit, containing among them a cantata, " The Prayer 
of Haliiikkuk." He wrote a series of letters to the Amserau in 1851, 
criticising the adjudications of the Rev. E. Stephen (Tanymarian) at 
the Bethesda Eisteddfod, which attracted much attention in musical 
circles. (B. Gerddorion Gymreig.) 

Jones, Thomas, 182.3-1904, "Canrhawdfardd," a musician, was 
born near Nannereh, Flintshire, and spent the latter part of his life at 
Coedpoeth, near Wrexham. He was a talented musician, and composed 
many anthems and contrregational tunes, several of which are found 
in the tune books of the various denominations in Wales. His best- 
known published works are " Cerddor y Bobl," " YCerddor Gwreiddiol," 
"Organ y Plant," "Y Cerbyd Cerddorol," and "The Elements of 
Music, in Easy Lessons." {B. Gerddorion Gymreig ; Manchester 
Guardiait..) See Y Geninen, Mar. 190.5. 

Jones, Thomas D., 1811-1881, a sculptor, was born of Welsh 
parents near Reiusen village, Oneida County, New York, and there, 
on his father's farm, he 8i)ent the first eighteen years of his life. In 
1829, he apprenticed himself to a tanner and currier, and afterwards 
served three years at his trade at Newark, New Jersey. In 1839, he 
removed with his father to Granville, and settled among the Welsh 
hills. The father, besides being a farmer, grew to be a stone-cutter of 
some local repute, and the young sculptor found his great enjoyment 
in helping liis father in his work. A few years later, he became so 
skilful in his art that he was commissioned by the Ohio Monument 
Association to make what proved to be his first work of note. This 
was a piece of sculpture representing " Pemberton's Surrender to Grant 
at Vicksburg," which was placed in the State House at Columbus, and 
unveiled Jan. 19, 1870. This work brought him fame, and later on 
he carved the angels in the Catholic Cathedral in Cincinnati, receiving 
£1000 for the work. Afterwards he went to Wiishington, but being of 
a generous nature and luxurious tastes, his money soon disappeared, 
and he settled in Columbus in greatly reduced circumstances. He was 
voted a sum of money by the State Legislature, and was given the use 
of a room in the Capitol building, where he spent his time carving 
busts of the Presidents and other famous men. {The Gamhrian, 1905, 
p. 341.) 


Jones, Thomas Dennis, 1S49-1904, ;i Congregational minister 
and author, was liorn at Cwiu-rhyd-y-liedd, Dowlais, Glamorgan- 
shire, and began life as a cnUier (as was his father also) at Dowlais 
Collieries. He commenced to preach at Fochriw, near Dowlais, entered 
Bala College in 1873, and was ordained three years later to take charge 
of Llanaelhaiarn, Sardis, and Llangyl )i chnrches, in South Carnarvonshire, 
where he laboured with success. He was t he chief instrument in forming 
an English church for the hundreds of p]nglish workmen employed 
in the Sett quarries. In 1870, he removed to Plasmarl, near Swansea, 
and in 1888, to Llanllechid, near Bangor. He was a successful 
competitor at the National Eisteddfod on several occasions, and 
published one or two volumes of poetry, besides prose, all of con- 
siderable merit. His works include a volume of sermons on the 111th 
Psalm, and he left a manuscript of his researches. {North Wales 
Observer and E.rpress ; The British Weekly ; Cungreg. Year Book, 

Jones, Thomas Griffiths, 18;U-1S8-1, "Cyffin," an antiquary, 
was a native of Llansantffraid, Montgomeryshire. At a comparatively 
early age he was called upon to undertake his father's business as a 
shopkeeper at Llansantffraid, where he spent the whole of his life. His 
tastes were decidedly archaeological, and he took great delight in 
collecting books, manuseripts, and every scrap he could lay hold on of 
folk-lore, or local tradition relating to Wales and Welsh literature or 
antiquities, and especially such as had relation to his own native 
parish. In 1861, he succeeded in founding the Powys Cymreigyddion 
Society, of which he was first president. He joined in the operations 
of the Powysland Club soon after its formation, and contributed to the 
Montgomeryshire Collections a valuable and interesting "History of 
Llansantffraid." He had collected a mass of material for the history of 
the Quakers, and their meeting-houses and burial-places in Mont- 
gomeryshire. He was a keen observer of local idioms, haliits, and 
customs, and on these, and kindred topics, was a frequent contributor 
to the Welsh magazines. {Mont. Worthies.) See Y Geninen, 188.5, 
p. 62. 

Jones, Thomas Gruffydd, 1832-18;18, "Tafalaw," a Congrega- 
tional minister, author, and musician, was a native of Ebbw Vale, 
Monmouthshire, his father being the Rev. Griffith Jones, afterwards of 
Cowbridge. He started life as a joiner, but soon devoted himself to 
music, for which he hail a special talent. He won many Eisteddfodic 
prizes for musical compositions, many of which were published in 
Great y Corau and 1' Gerddorfa. He acted as editor of Greal ij 
Corau, and was for some time engaged in literary work for 
Mr. Thomas Gee, of Denhigli. In 1866, he emigrated to America, 
and settled in Kansas, where he held the pastorate of a Congregational 
church. He also occupied the chairs of Fine Arts and Classics at the 
State Normal School of Emporia, until compelled by ill-health to 
resign. His best known literary efforts are : " A Critical Commentary 
upon the American Constitution," and his '• Analogy of Mytholoiiy and 
the Bible." His musical compositions are numerous, and have drawn 
praise from the best critics. He received the honorary degree of D.D. 


from an American University. He was an eloquent speaker, a popular 
lecturer, and a poet of some merit. (B. Oirddoriitn Gymreig ; Thr 
Gatnbrmti, 18I1.S, p. 184 ; Gj/mrij Minnesota.) 

Jones, Thomas Hamer, 1847-19(ll, a musician and author, 
was bora at Pant Mawr, Itettws, Moutgomerj'rtliire. From his earliest 
years lie had a keen tast.' for liooks and music, and on returning from 
school at the Liverpool Institute, in 1862, he applied himself thoroughly 
to music. For 1.5 years, he spared neither time nor labour to raise the 
standard of music in his native parish. After his marriage he became 
tenant, in 1878, of Ty'n-y-banadle Farm, in the parish of Tregynon, 
remaining there until 1897, when he removed to London. He there 
devoted himself to literary work, and amongst his many literarj' 
labours m^y be mentioned the compilation of a Bibliography of Welsh 
Music, for whicii he received the £2.5 prize, with a gold medal, at the 
Carditi National Eisteddfod, 1899 : the translation of Welsh manuscripts 
at the Britisli Museum for Welsh Societies in London ; the arranging and 
cataloguing of Welsh libraries in Montgomeryshire and in London ; 
and the compilation of the history of the several churches of the 
Calvinistic Methodists in the Montgomery and Salop Presbytery. 
(Byr-Goiies, 1902, p. 260.) 

Jones, Thomas Jerman, - 18J(), a missionary, was a native 
of Llangristiolus, Anglesey. Li early life he worked as a quarrj'man 
at Betliesda, where he met with an accident which incapacitated him 
from all physical lal)oar. After a stay of nearly .'iO years on the 
Khassia Hills, Assam, India, his health broke down, and he left India 
for his native land to recruit. He was very ill when leaving Calcutta, 
and died the day before the steamer on which he was a passenger 
reached London. During an outbreak of cho'era on the Khassia Hills, 
when the natives were seized with panic and neglecteil the sick and 
dying, Mr. Jones, with untiring zeal and energy, rendered invaluable 
service. {G. tt D. Hrrald.) 

Jones, Thomas Lloyd, 18lO-18;i4, '-Gwentfrwd," a very pro- 
mising poet, was a native of Holywell. When quite young he removed 
to Deubigh, and Dr. W. 0. Pughe instilled into him an enthusiasm for 
Welsh literature. In 1832, he received the silver medal at the Beau- 
maris Eisteddfod from the hands of the late Queen, then Princess 
Victoria. In the same year he published his " Beauties of the Welsh 
Muse," in Welsh. His own poetry is melodious and touching, and he 
did good service by translating Gray's " Elegy," Goldsmith's "Deserted 
Village," and Thomson's " Seasons." The mystery connected with the 
death of Gorouwy Owen attracted him to America. He reached 
Mobile, Alabama, before the end of 183.'5, and died there of yellow 
fever in the following year. {Wales, 0. M. Edwards, v. 1, p. 64.) 
See Y Geninen, 1S9G, p. 223 ; Norlweddiad y Gi/mry, p. 256 ; Welsh 
Ports, dx., 1). 2G ; Gymrii, v. 8, p. 19 ; Ibid, v. 9, p. 68 ; Adgof uwch 
Anghof, ji. 226 ; Enwog. G- ; F Drych, .5th April, 18.55. 

Jones, Thomas Tudno, 1846-1895, a clergyman and poet, 
was born at L'andudno, Carnarvonshire. Before even his parents 
suspected his poetical turn of mind, and when only about 14 years 




W. E. JoNKS {C: 


of age, he snrprised them by taking the prize of .£5 at the Llandudno 
annual Eisteildfod for a poem on " Baban y Gaethferch " (The Slave's 
Babe). He commenced life as a shopkeeper, Imt afterwanls turned 
his attention to journalism. Hf became sub-editor of the Herald 
Cymraeg and the Carnarvon and Denhigh Herald, after which he 
■was ajipointed editor of Llais y Wlad, u North Wales Conservative 
newspaper. At the suggestion of Dean Edwarils, he prepared for 
holy orders, and was ordained in 1883. He served as curate of 
St. David's, Liverpool ; Llanyblodwell, near Oswustry, and Llanrwst, 
Denbighshire. He took an active part in literary matters, and won 
several bardic chairs, including those of the National PJisteililfod held 
at Pwllheli in 1875 ; Carnarvon, 1877 ; Wrexham, ls8s ; and Bangor, 
1890. In 1869, he won the liardic chair of the Bethesda Cynn-eig- 
yddion for the best ode on the death of the Rev. John Phillips, 
Bangor. As an adjudicattir of poetry and prose, he was held in the 
highest esteem. {C. <{■ L). Herald; liije-Gimes, 1888, p. 22.) See 
Y Geninen, 1901, p. 2U2 ; Ifjid, 1.S9.J, p. 216 ; Ibid, 1897, p. 128 ; 
Telyn Tudnu, a collection of his poerns, with bitigraphy, edited by 
his brother-in-law, the Rev. David Rowlands, B.A. (Dewl Mon) 
(Wrexham : Hughes & Son). 

Jones, Tom, 1848-1900, a surgeon and author, was born at 
Derlwyn, Carmarthenshire, and at an early age entered the Normal 
College, Swansea. He then spent a year as resident pupil at the 
Northern Hospital, Liverpool, under Dr. Frederick Roberts, afterwards 
proceeding to Guy's Hospital, London. In the first M.B. examination 
he secured the gold medal in chemistry, and honours in anatomy. 
In 187.5, he graduated F.R.C.S. (Kngland), and four years later took 
the B.Sc. degree, first in honours. He settled in Manchester in 1873, 
and for three years acted as pathological registrar at the Royal 
Infirmary. In 1879, he was appointed assistant surgeon, and in the 
following year surgeon. He acquired a very high reputation as an 
operator, and in 1874 was appointetl operating surgeon to the Children's 
Hospital, Pendlebury. In 1880, he had conferred up(m him the post 
of lecturer on surgery at Owen's College, and in 1890 that of professor 
of surgery at the Victoria University. In 1899, he volunteered for 
service in connection with, and was placed in charge of, the Welsh 
Hospital during the South African war, and died of fever at Bloem- 
fontein in the following year. He contributeil a number of articles 
to the Medical Chronicle and the British Medical Journal, and wrote 
a valuable work on "Diseases of the Bones." {Cymru, v. 22, p. 93.) 

Jones, William, 167.5-1749, the eminent mathematician, was 
born in the parish of Llanfihangel-tre'r-beirdd, Anglesey, and received 
but a moderate education. He had an extraordinary taste for 
mathematics, and soon made up for the defects of inadequate 
instruction. He began his career as a teacher of mathematics on 
a man-of-war, and afterwards established himself in London. In his 
twenty-second year, he published " A New Compendium of the whole 
Art of Navigation," which met with great approbation, and in 1706, 
there appeared his " Synopsis Palmariorum Mattheseos, or New 
Introduction to the Mathematics," containing a useful compendium 


of all the mathematical sciences, and affording clear proof of his early 
proficiency in his favourite studies. He secured the attachment of 
many influential friends, among them Lnrd Parker, Sir Isaac Newton, 
Halley, Mead, and Dr. Johnson. By Sir Isaac Newton he was treated 
with particular regard and confidence. He was elected a member, and 
afterwards a vice-president, of the Royal Society. Through the 
influence of Lords Hardwicke and Macclesfield, whom he had 
instructed in the sciences, he obtained some ofBces under Government, 
which brought him a considerable income. The Welsh Bible of 174G 
contains maps, shewing the journeyings of the Israelites and of the 
Apostles, which are described as " the gift of William .Tones, F.R.S., to 
the Welsh people." He is said to have possessed the best mathematical 
library in England, which he beqeathed in his will lo the Earl of 
Macclesfield. {Diet. Em. W.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Nichol's Lit. 
Anecd., 1, 463; Hutton's Phil. <{• Math. Diet.; Lord Teignmouth's 
Life of Sir Wm. Junes; Brewster's Life of Sir Isaac Newtun, v. 1, 
226, V. 2, 421 ; Ii)/j). Diet. Biog. ; Lli/frijdd. y Cymry. 

Jones, William, about 1729-17'.l.5, an author, was born in the 
parish of Llangadfan, Montgomeryshire. His education at school was 
of the scantiest kind, but in his leisure time he acquired a sufficient 
mastery of English to write in that language with ease and elegance. 
He also became proficient in music and poetry, and translated some of 
the Diles of Horace and Ovid's Metamorphoses into excellent Welsh 
verse. He was much afflicted in his youth with an inveterate scrofula, 
and this turned his attention to the study of medicine. He succeeded 
in curing himself, and afterwards earned his living chiefly by 
practising medicine. His " Statistical Account of the Parishes of 
Llanerfyl, Llangadfan, and Garth-beibio," published with valuable 
notes by the Rev. Walter Davies in the Camhriun Register for 1796, 
proves him to have been a man of some learning, and considerable 
natural abilities. His portrait and an interesting sketch of his life, by 
the Rev. Walter Davies, appear in the second volume of the CaTnbrian 
Registfr. (Mont. Worthies.) See P. C. Collections, 186S ; Bye-Gones, 
190.5, pp. 26. 88, 4H, 6.i. 

Jones, Sir William, 1746-1794, the eminent Indian judge 
and Oriental scholar, was the son of William Jones, the mathematician 
(167.5-1749, see ante.) In his eighth year, he was sent to Harrow ; 
ten years later he entered University College, Oxford, and in 1770, 
he became a law student at the Temple. In 1776, he was appointed 
a Commissioner of Bankrupts, and rose rapidly in his profession. 
He was unsuccessful at Oxford as a candidate for Parliamentary 
honours. In 1783, he was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court 
in Bengal, and was knighted. He establishetl the Royal Asiatic 
Society, and planned the compilation of a complete digest of the 
Hindoo and Mohammedan laws. He published several works, chiefly 
in Oriental literature, which excited the admiratif)n of the world. 
He was, perhaps, the greatest linguist who had ever lived up to that 
period, for he knew no less than twenty-nine languages, and most of 
them critically. By his tact and taste, the judgment of his selections, 
and the eloquence of his style, he was the first to popularise in Europe 


the literature of the East, and to help in bridging over the chasm 
which formerly separated the mind of England from tliat of her great 
Indian dependency. There is a monument to his memory in St. 
Paul's Cathedral, a marble statue in Oxford, and anotlier in Bengal. 
He was a pure, elevated, and harmonious character : and, in all the 
relations of life, he was irreproachable. (Diet. Em. W. ; Imp. Diet, 
of Universal Biog. ; Memorable Unitarians, 19(1.5.) See Lord 
Teignmouth's Life nf Sir William Jones, IHOi ; Autobiography 
of William Jones, published by his son, 1840 ; Edinburgh Revieiv 
for January, 1805 ; and Gary's Lives of English Poets from Johnson 
to Kirke White ; Y Cymmrodor, vol. 8. p. 62 : v. y, p. 304, and v. 10, 
p. 67 ; y Traethodydd, 1881, p. 319 ; Young Wales, 189.^), p. 82 ; 
F Lienor, 1861, p. 186. 

Jones, 'William, 178-1-1847, a Congregational minister and 
author, was a native of Bala, Merionethshire. In ISOG, he entered 
the Congregational Academy, which was then at Wrexham, and four 
years later he settled as ministei- at Bridgend, in Glamorganshire. 
where he remained until his death. His " Geiriadur Duwinyddol " 
(Theological Dictionary), in two volumes, is a work of great merit. A 
second edition, with a memoir of the author, by the Rev. J. T. Jones, 
was published in 1864. He also published a number of sermons, and 
translated Morison's Family Prayers into Welsh (1847.) For some 
time, he edited Y Drysoyfa Gyn7iulleidfaol, a monthly magazine, 
published then at Swansea. A Welsh biography, by the Rev. E. 
Griffiths, appeared in 1848. {Diet. Em. W. ; Lien, fy Ngwlnd.) See 
Enivog. y F/ydd, vol. 2, p. 454 : Uanes Lien. G. ; Enwog. 0. ; 
Cardiff" Catalogue. 

Jones, William, 1790-1855, a Baptist minister and author, was 
a native of Llangattock, Carmarthenshire, and when 13 years of age 
was employed at the Dowlais Ironworks. He began to preach at an 
early age, and in his twentieth year devoted himself entii'ely to pre- 
paring for the ministry. After spending 18 months at Abergavenny 
College, he settled as minister at Peniel, Monmouthshire, but removed 
in 1816 to Cardiff, to take charge of the English cause at Bethany, 
where he remained until his death, 39 years later. He contributed 
a series of able articles on "The History of the Christian Church" 
to the Bedyddiwr, and translated a large portion of Dr. Gill's "Com- 
mentary on the New Testament." He also wrote a "Welsli History of 
the Baptists" (1831), of which a second edition was called for in 
1889. (Enivog. C. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) 

Jones, William, 1803-1886, "Gwrgant," was born at Brwynog, 
in the parish of Llanfihangel, Montgomeryshire. Having attended the 
village school of that parish for some time, and afterwards that at 
Meifod, lie found a situation in the office of a solicitor. In due course 
he was admitted a solicitor, and practised for some years at St. Asaph, 
proceeding from there to London, where for many years he carried on 
an extensive practice. He was a zealous and patriotic Welshman, and 
an excellent critic of Welsh poetry, but wrote comparatively little 
himself. He published a work entitled " Gwreiddiau yr laith 
Gymraeg" (The Roots of the Welsh Language). He married a lady 


who owned some propertj' at Greenwich, where he resided at the time 
of his death. He was one of the tlnee adjudicators on the chair prize 
at the Rhuddlan Eisteddfod in 1850, and read the adjudication 
awarding the prize to the Rev. Evan Ev:ins (leuan Glan Geirionydd). 
He was familiar with the intricacies of the Welsh metres from an 
early age, and was a constant contributor to the Welsh magazines. 
{Mont. Worthies ; (leirionydd.) 

Jones, William, -188.5, an architect, was born at Brithdir, 

in Meiionethshire, and for many years residetl at Maescaled, Dolgelly, 
where he died. When very young he was apprenticed to the joinery 
trade with the well-known bard, Meiirig Ebrlll. He shewetl literary 
tastes early in life. Biblical criticism, philosophy, mechanics, and 
politics beiny his favourite subjects of study. He acquired a con- 
siderable reputation as a wood-carver, and many mansions in the 
kingdom contain specimens of his skill. Late in life he turned his 
attention to architecture, and some of the finest buildings in Dolgelly, 
Barmouth, and other parts of the county of Merioneth were designed 
by him. He had an extraordinary talent for mechanics, and many a 
piece of intricate machinery which he had never before seen was set 
up under his superintendence, after having baffled, it is said, the 
ingenuity of practical men. (Bye-Gones, 1885, p. 291.) 

Jones, Sir William, 1808-1890, a soldier, was the only son of 
William Jonea, of Glen Helen, Carnarvonshire, and was educated at 
Sandhurst. He was gazetted Colonel in 1854 : major-general in 1863 ; 
lieutenant-general in 1871 ; and general in 1877. He was with the 
6l8t throughout the Punjab Campaign ; took part in the passage of 
the Cherab, and the battles of Sadocpore, Chillianwallah, and Goojerat. 
After Goojerat (March, 1841t), he went in pursuit of the enemy as far 
as Khyber Pass, in command of his regiment and a troop of Bengal 
Horse Artillery, and for these services he was made a C.B. During 
the Mutiny, he commanded the 3rd Infantry Brigade in the Siege of 
Delhi, and was one of the five distinguished officers selected to lead 
storming parties. From 1871 till his death, he was colonel of the 
Duke of CornwalFs Light Infantiy. His seat was Kilmore House, 
Kilmallock, co. Limerick. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Times, 11th 
April, 1890; Broad Arrow, 12th April, 1890; Kaj-e and Mulleson's 
History of the Indiati Mutiny, v. 4, p. 20 ; Thackwell's Second Sikh 
War ; Burke's Peerage, Baronetage, &c., 1882, p. 1472. 

Jones, William, 1815-1899, "Ehedydd lal," a poet, was a native 
of Derweu, Denbighshire, and in his early days was employed as a 
farm laliourer. In 1850, he took a farm on his own account at Llandegla, 
about half-way between Ruthin and Wrexham, and here he died 
forty-nine years later. He was a poet of great merit, and a volume 
of his poems, published a year before his death, met with a very 
favourable reception. He wrote several excellent hymns, one of 
which, " P> nad yw'm cnawd ond gwellt," is a special favourite. 
{Y Ci/mro.) See Bye-Gones, 1899, p, 45; Cymru, vol. 19, p. 165; 
Y Geninen, Mai-. 1905, p. 68 ; Ibid, Mar. 1900, p. 50. 

Key. David Junes, 


Rev. HuMPiiKKY Joni; 
1.S31' ih;(5. 


William R. Jones, 1.s:M.1s,s!I, 


Jones, William, 1822-1905, a Wesleyan minister, was born at 
Plas, Llaneliaii-yii-Rbds, Denbighsliire. He delivered his first sermon 
at a small place called Bionynant in 1838, and entered the Wesleyan 
ministry in 1843, so that he was by many years the senior minister of 
the denomination in Wales. After labouring for forty-one years in the 
regular ministry, he in 1882 became a supernumerary, and for many 
years afterwards resided in Liscard, Cheshire, taking the pastoral 
charge of the church in that place. In the zenith of his power 
Mr. Jones was acknowledged to be one of the most popular preachers 
of his connexion. His strength lay not so much in his scholarship or 
his profundity of thought as in his earnest evangelicalism, his tender 
pastorship, and his untiring energy in fulfilling the details of a 
Wesleyan minister's task. It is asserted that he did at least as much as 
any single minister of his denomination to build and liquidate the debt 
upon Wesleyan places of worship. {Liverpool Daily Post.) 

Jones, William, 1829-1903, "Bleddyn," an antiquary and 
essayist, was a native of Beddgelert. He was apprenticed to a draper 
at Carnarvon, and was afterwards employed at Festiniog. He then 
removed to Llangollen, and subsequently started business on his own 
account at Portmadoc, but this was not a success, and he afterwards 
returned to Llangollen, where he ended his days. When quite a young 
man he turned his attentiim to the study of geology, more especially 
in relation to his native county of Carnarvon. Welsh antiquity was 
also a favourite study of his, and his prize essay on the history of 
Beddgelert contains much valuable information. He was a frequent 
contributor to the Brython, and other magazines, and was a very 
successful Eisteddfod competitor. He was a recognised authority on 
antiquarian subjects, and Sir John Rhys publicly acknowledged his 
indebtetlness to him for much information in regard to the folk-lore, 
&c., of Carnarvonshire. The Rev. D. E. Jenkins was also indebted to 
him for most of the material for his English volume on " Beddgelert." 
(C. & D. Herald.) See Bye-Go7ies, 1903, p. 21 ; Cymru, vol. 24, p. 173. 
Jones, William, 1840-1886, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born at Wrexham, Denbighshire. In quite early man- 
hood he felt that the work of the ministry was to be the work of his 
life. For some eighteen months he was stationed in the Wellington 
circuit as a minister of the United Methodist Free Church, and 
in 1861 he was removed to the first London circuit, where for 
two years he assisted the Rev. Robert Eckett, a former president of 
conference, marrying that gentleman's daughter in 1SG6. During this 
period of his life his views on ecclesiastical polity underwent a 
change, the result of which that he joined the Congregationalists, 
and entered Cheslmut College in 1863. At the close of his three years 
term of study, he accepted, in 1866, an invitation to the pastorate of 
Highbury Chapel, Portsmouth. At the end of seven years and a 
half, he was induced to make a change, and took charge of the Con- 
gregational Church at Harrold, in Bedfordshire— a church that had 
been favoured by a succession of ministers of more than average 
power and influence. While there he actively engaged in literary 
work, taking part in the preparation of the "Pulpit Commentary," 


and other works of permanent interest and value. (Congreg. Year 
Book, 1887.) 

Jones, William Arthur, 1818-1873, a Unitarian minister, 
was born at Carmarthen, and educated at Carmarthen College and 
Glasgow University, where he graduated M.A., with honours. He 
first settled as minister at Northampton, where he remained from 
1841 to 1849, when he removed to Bridgewater, Somerset, and in 1852, 
became minister to the Unitarian Congregation meeting in Mary Street 
Chapel, Taunton. He was honorary secretary of the Somerset 
Archffiological and Natural History Society, and held the otiice till his 
death, contributing to its " Proceedings " many papers on the Geology, 
Archasology and History of the county. He was a Fellow of the 
Geographical Society, and compiled with the Rev. Wadham P. Williams, 
vicar of Bishop's-Hull, a Glossary of the Somersetshire dialect. A 
monument has been erected to his memory in the grounds of Taunton 
Castle. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Murch's Western Churches. 

Jones, William Basil, 1822-1897, whose surname was originally 
" Tickell," bishop of St. David's, was born at Cheltenham, and was 
the only son of William Tilsey Jones, of Gwynfryn, Llangynfelyn, 
near Aberystwyth. He was educated at Shrewsbury School and 
Trinity College, Oxford, and had a distinguished career as a scholar. 
He was for many years examining chaplain to the Archbishop of York ; 
vicar of Bishopthorpe from 1865 to 1874 ; archdeacon of York from 
1867 to 1874 ; chancellor of York cathedral from 1871 to 1874 ; canon 
residentiary of York from 1873 to 1874 ; and prebendary of 
St. David's from 1859 to 1865. He was selected 118th bishop 
of St. David's in 1874. Apart from his distinction as a scholar, and 
his exceptional experience of organisation and administration in 
church work, he had the special qualification of possessing intimate 
associations with the diocese and of being a Welshman who spoke 
Welsh, and who had made no mean contributions to Welsh antiquarian 
research. He was the author of several works, among them being 
" An Inquiry into the History of certain terms of Celtic Ethnology " 
(1858), and "Vestiges of the Gael in Gwynedd" (1851). Jointly with 
Mr. E. A. Freeman he wrote "The History and Antiquities of 
St. David's." He also published, in 1869, a volume of sermons, under 
the title, " The Peace of God." {Diet. Nat. Biog.; G. and D. Herald ; 
Cardiff Catalogue ; Allibone's Diet. Eng. Lit., p. 995 ; Times, 15 Jan., 
1897 ; Guardian, 20 and 27 Jan., 1897 ; Church Times, 22 Jan., 1897 ; 
T Geninen, March, 1897, p. 39. 

Jones, W^illiam Ellis, 1795-1847, " Gwilym Cawrdaf," a 
poet, was born at Tyddyn Sion, in the parish of Abererch, Carnarvon- 
shire. He was a printer by trade, but also studied painting, and he 
once accompanied a gentleman to France in the capacity of draughts- 
man. He afterwards removed to Cai'narvon, where he came into 
contact with Dafydd Ddu Eryri, who taught him the rules of Welsh 
poetry. The last few years of his life were spent at Cardiff, where he 
worked as a printer. He won the bardie chair at the Brecon 
Eisteddfod in 1822. His best known poems are his odea on " God," 


" Job," " The Druids of Britain, " The Resurrection," and " Music " ; 
and his elegies on the death of Baron Richards and Edward Williams 
(lolo Morganwg). A collection of his poems, edited by Ellis Jones, 
appeared in 18;')! (Carnarvon : H. Humphreys). He also wrote a 
Welsh novel — probably the first ever pulilished — entitled " Y Bardd, 
neu Y Meudwy Cymreig " (The Poet, or the Welsh Hermit) 
(Cai-martheu : J. L. Brickstoke, 1830), which is a work of considerable 
merit. For a short time he edited a monthly magazine, called 
Y Gwron Odyddol, and translated into Welsh one of Dr. Watt's works. 
{Diet. Em. W. ; Hanes Lien. G.) See Gwaith Givallter Mechain, 
vol. 3, p. 330 ; G.B., vol. 2, p. 146 ; Cymru O.J., p. 726 ; Y Traeth- 
odydd, 1900, p. 278 ; Nodiueddiad y Cymry, p. 270 ; Adgof uwch 
Anghof, p. 118 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Memoir prefixed to Giveithoedd 
Caivrdaf; Emvog. C. : Y Geninen, 1897, p. 43. 

Jones, William Griffith, 1838-1900, a well-known linguist, 
who was of Welsh parentage, spent most of his life in Liverpool and 
Birkenhead. He was a hearty supporter of all Welsh institutions, and 
a prominent memljer of the Peace Society. He was an earnest 
student of Celtic literature and customs, and was closely associated 
with Welsh missions in Brittany. He was an exceedingly accom- 
plished linguist, being conversant with English, Cxreek, Spanish, 
Italian, Breton, German, and Dutch, as well as Welsh. {0. <!■ D. 

Jones, William Hinton, 1837-1899, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister and lecturer, was born at Mold. On the completion of his 
school days, he began life as a teacher in a day school at Llangefni, 
but afterwards proceeded to Bala College, with a view to entering the 
ministry. In 1865, he was chosen the first pastor of the English 
Church at Frankwell, Shrewsbury, a charge which he held until 
within eighteen months of his death. He had a style of preaching of 
his own, and this, combined with a rare fund of humour and anec- 
dote, made him one of the most acceptable preachers of his denomina- 
tion. He declined an invitation to the pastorate of an American 
church, as well as from several churches in England. Mr. Jones was 
one of the most acceptable deputations of the British and Foreign 
Bible Society, and in that capacity was well known in North and 
South Wales. It was in his popular lectures, however, that the flow 
of his rich hnnicur was heard at its best. {Bye-Goncs, 1899, p. 123.) 

Jones, William Pearce, 1841-1905, a self-made man, was born 
in Merioneth, and was a brother of John William Jones (1840-1896, see 
ante). At an early age he removed with his parents (Mr. and Mrs. 
Owen Jones) to Carnarvon. In 1858, he was apprenticed to Edward 
Williams, draper, Carnarvon, and in 1862 he found employment with 
his cousin, T. J. Williams, Denbigh. About 1866, he started business 
on his own account at Hampstead, London, but soon afterwards 
joined his brother, J. W. Jones, at HoUoway Road. The first day on 
which they started business was October 30th, 1867, and the takings 
on that day amounted to £3 7s. From that day the business steadily 
progressed until it became one of the largest in Loudon. He worked 
for 40 years for early closing, and in 1886 gave useful evidence before 


a Select Committee of the House of Commons on the subject. He was 
treasurer of the Early Closing Association, and of the Drapers' 
Chamber of Trade, which bod.y he was mainly instrumental in 
forming. He was one of the most commanding personalities in the 
London drapery trade. The story of his life conveys an inspiring 
lesson of success achieved by energy and perseverance, combined with 
honesty and intelligence. His net personalty was sworn at over 
£140,000. {N. W. Observer A Express.) 

Jones, William R., about 1839-1889, the famous manager of 
tlie Braddock Ironworks, in Pennsylvania, whose mechanical skill and 
wonderful gift of management first brought to the United States 
supremacy as a steel-making country, was the son of a poor Welsh 
pattern-maker, the religious and intellectual leader of the Welsh in 
the village of Catasauqua, Pennsylvania. At ten years of age, he 
entered the employ of William Kelly, the American ironmaster, and 
at eighteen he ran away from Catasautjua, and went to Chattanooga, 
where he married Miss Harriet Lloyd. He found employment at the 
Cambria Works, Johnstown, at two dollars a day, and was soon pro- 
moted. Sixteen years later Mr. Carnegie engaged him as super- 
intendent of the new works at Braddock, near Pittsburgh. Jones 
thereupon took the invention of Kelly and Bessemer into his strong 
hands, and developed it into one of the wonders of the world. In his 
first fifteen weeks of steel-making, he turned out nearly twice as much 
as any one had made before with a similar equipment. The output 
increased by leaps and bounds, and the profits were immense. In 
1876 the annual profit amounted to £,'56,000 ; and by 1880 it had 
reached £325,000. In these figures we have the beginning of the 
Carnegie fortune. Among all the partners and employees of the 
Carnegie Company, Jones earned the most and received the least. 
This was largely his own fault, for he refused to be a shareholder on 
the ground that he knew nothing about business, When he made 
this decision known to Mr. Carnegie, his salary was advanced to 
£.5,000 per annum. Gayley, the first, vice-president of the Steel 
Trust, said that Jones " through his mechanical contributions to the 
development of the steel-making industry, accomplished fully as much 
as Mushet or Sir Henry Bessemer." His greatest invention is known 
by the name of " the Jones Mixer." He was of a most benevolent 
disposition, scattering his thousands with a free hand among his men 
and their families. {Munsey's MagazhiP, April, 1906, p. 17.) 

Jones, William R., 1840-1898, "Goleufryn," a Calvinistic 

Methodist minister and author, was born at Llanfrothen, Merioneth- 
shire, and began life as a joiner. Having spent some time at Clynnog 
School, he entered Bala College, where he remained for three or four 
years. His first pastorate was at Tymawr, South Carnarvonshire, 
where he successfully laboured for some years. He then removed to 
Llanrwst, afterwards to Holyhead, and finally to Carnarvon. He was 
a very powerful preacher, and an able writer. He published a 
Commentary on the Book of Judges, and afterwards a small volume 
of temperance tales. He was also the author of an interesting 
introduction to the biography of the Rev. John Prichard, Amlwch. 


(,C. & D. Herald; Cardif Catalogue). See Gweithiau Goleufryn 
(Carnarvon : W. Gwenlyn Evans) : Y (leninen, March, I'JOO, p. 30 ; 
Y Traethodi/dd, 1<)05, p'. 12it ; Y Genincn, 1899, p. 18. 

Jones-Brydge, Sir Harford, Bart., 176-1-1847, a civil ser- 
vant, was tin- only son of Harfoid Jones, Estj., Presteign, Rtidnorshire. 
In 1798, he was a senior merchant on the Bombay establishment, and 
also joint factor at Bussorah. From 1807 to I8I1, he was ambassador 
to the Court of Persia. He was created a baronet in 1807, and sworn 
a member of the Privy Council in 18.')5. By royal license, dated 4th 
May, 1826, Sir Harford Jones, Bart., and his issue were authorised to 
take the surname of Brydges, in addition to and after that of Jones, 
and to bear the arms of Brydges only. His seat was at Boultibrook, 
Presteign. His great grandfather, Col. James Jones, of Kington, 
Hereford, greatly distinguished himself in the wars of Queen Anne, 
particularly at the Battle of Blenheim, where he lost an arm. He was 
afterwards presented by Her Majesty in person with an elegant sword, 
inscribed " The Gift of Queen Anne." {Burke's Peerage, Baronetage, 
etc., 1882, p. 179 ; Old Wales, v. '5, pp. 92 and 1;J7.) 

Jones-Parry, Sir Love Parry, 1772-1843, a Member of 
Parliament and philanthropist, was the son of Thomas Jones-Parry, 
Madryn, South Carnarvonshire. At an early age he joined the army, 
and served for some time in America. He sat in Parliament as the 
representative, first, of Horsham, and afterwards of the Carnarvon 
Boroughs. His generosity was proverbial, and he was known far and 
wide as " the poor man's friend." (Enwag. G.) 

Jones -Parry, Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Margaret 

Williams, - 1899, was born at Llanbedrog, South Carnar- 

vonshire, and was a sister of Sir T. D. Love Jones-Parry, 
once M.P. for the county and boroughs of Carnarvon. She was a 
cultured lady, and an excellent linguist. Among the languages 
in which she could fluently converse were Welsh, English, French, 
German, Italian, Portugese, Spanish and Arabic. Though her failing 
health compelled her to spend most of her time in warmer climates 
she made it a point of spending a portion of every year in her Welsh 
home at Madryn, near Pwllheli, and daring her stay there she was 
exceedingly generous and hospitalde. (('. und 1>. Hrrald.) 

Jones-Parry, Sir Thomas Buncombe Love, 1832-1891, 
a member of Parliament, -was the sou of Sir Love Parry Jones-Parry, 
(1772-1843, see ante) to whose estates he succeeded in 1863. He was 
educated at Rugby and at Oxford University, and was High Sheriff 
of Carnarvonshire in 1854, and Justice of the Peace and Deputy- 
Lieutenant for the same county. He was a prominent member of the 
masonic fraternity, and in eisteddfodic circles he was known by his 
bardic title of " Elphin." He had been very intimately associated with 
the Liberal movement in North Wales. His return for Carnarvonshire 
against Lord Penrhyn (then the Hon. Douglas Pennant) in 1868, was 
one of the trreatest surprises of that election. At the next election, Mr. 
Douglas Pennant was returned, but when a contest came round again 
Mr. Watkin Williams defeated him. In 1882, Mr. Love Jones-Parry 


as he then was, was elected for the Carnarvon Boroughs, and in 1885 
he was returned by a majority of 64 over Mr. Swetenham ; but, in 
1886, he was defeated by one hundred and thirty-six. For his services to 
the Liberal party in Wales, he was rewarded by Mr. Gladstone with a 
baronetcy, which expired at his death. (Bye-Gones, 1891, p. 224.) 
See Y Traethodydd, 1902, p. 204. 

Jordan, Dorothea, 1762-1816, a celebrated actress, whose real 
name was Dorothy Bland, was l)orn at Waterford. Her mother's 
maiden name was Grace Phillips, and she was the daugliter of a clergy- 
man in South Wales. In 1777, the young player appeared on the stage 
for the first time at Dublin, under the name of Miss Francis. After 
an engagement at Cork, she proceeded, in 1782, to Leeds, and 
making an engagement with Tate Wilkinson, once a fellow-player with 
her mother, she achieved great success at Leeds, York, Sheffield, Hull, 
and Wakefield. In 1785, she quitted Wilkinson's company for an 
engagement at Drury Lane, London, where her admirable playing and 
agreeable appearance won great applause. She idayed both in tragedy 
and comedy, appearing one day as Viola in " Twelfth Night," and on 
the next as Imogen in " Cymheline "; but unquestionalily she excelled 
in comic parts, in which she showed real genius. Her style of playing 
was emphatically natural, and yet it was the result of consummate art. 
(Imp. Diet. Biog. ; Bye-Gones, 1903, p. 250.) See Did. Nat. Biog. ; 
Personal Sketches of his Own Time, by Sir Jonah Barrington ; Personal 
Memoirs of P. L. Gordon ; Georgian Era ; Genest's Accou?it of the 
Stage ; Boaden's Life of Airs. Jordan, 2 vols., 1831. 

Joseph, Watkin Bronfryn, 1832-1883, "Y Myfyr," a 
Congregational minister and poet, was the son of John Joseph, a 
shoemaker, and was born at Llechfaen, near Brecknock, but he 
removed when very young to Talybont. He began to preach when 
quite a youth, and was trained at Trevecca College and Glasgow 
University. He first took charge of the English Calvinistic 
Methodist Church at Pyle, where he laboured for a few years, when 
he accepted a call to an English Congregational Church at Cardiff, and 
subsequently removed to Kuabon and Colwyn Bay, Carnarvonshire. He 
was the chaired bard at the Conway National Eisteddfod, 1879, for an 
ode on "The Mind," and at the Carnarvon National Eisteddfod in 1880, 
the subject being " Genius." He received a call from the Congregational 
Church at Utica, U.S.A., and here his health, which had never been 
strong, gave way, and he died suddenly, leaving a wife and seven 
young children. (Poole's Brecknockshire.) See Y Traethodydd, 1903, 
p. 435 ; Y Geninen, 1895, March, p. 25 ; Ibid, March, 1897, p. 11, and 
July, p. 185. 

Josey, Mrs. Margaret, -1902, formerly Miss Jones, better 

known as "Y Gymi'aes o Ganaan," was a native of Rhos, near 
Wrexham. She was a great traveller, and first came into notice by 
publishing her impressions of Canada and Morocco, in a series of 
letters to the Welsh papers. Later on she issued them in book form, 
under the title " Llythyrau y Gymraes o Ganaan." After travelling 
again for some years she returned to Wales, and delivered a series of 


Welsh lectures on her travels. She afterwards married, and settled at 
Queensland, Autsralia, where she died. (C <£• D. Herald.) 

Josiah Brynmair, see Jones, Josiah. 

Kemble, Adelaide, 1814 (r)- 1879, afterwards Mrs. Sartoris, 
vocalist ami author, boi-n in London, was the younger daugliter of 
Charles Kemble (1775-1854, see past.) Her first appearance in public 
was at a concert of ancient music in May, 1835, and on that occasion, 
as at the York Festival in the September following, her nervousness 
interfered somewhat with her rendering of Handel's music. She 
visited Germany in 1837, and sang at Prague in that aiul the following 
year : in 1838, she wrs also heard in Paris. Her first appearance in 
opera, in Venice, as "Norma," was a brilliant success, and wis followed 
by equally satisfactory performances in other Italian cities, as well as 
in London. Her "Week in a French Country House," was pulilished 
in 1867. " Medusa, and otlier Tales," 1868, were re-published in two 
volumes witli a few additions and a preface, by her daughter, Mrs. 
Gordon, u.der the title of "Past Hours," London, 1880. {DiH. Nat. 
Blog.) See Mrs. Butler's (i.e. Fanny Kemble's) Records of a Giiihood ; 
her Records of Later Life ; her Further Records ■ Chorley's Thirty 
Years of Mnsi.cU Recollections, v. 1, p. 112 ; Morning Post,\ii\\ May, 
1835 ; 3rd Nov., 1841 ; 11th Jany., 16th March, 8th April, 3rd Oct., 
30th Nov., and 23rd Dec, 1842 ; Athenceiim. 16th .\ugust, 1879 ; Era, 
17th Aug., 1879 ; Weekly Hampshire Independent, 16th Aug., 1879 ; 
Grove's Diet, of Music, v. 2, pp. 50, 699, and v. 3, p. 229. 

Kemble, Charles, 1775-1854, an actor, was born at Brecknock. 
He received a good education, and obtained a situation in the general 
post office. He quitted this for the stage, and, after spending some 
time in the provinces, made his appeai-ance at Drury Lane in 1794. 
For some time he personated characters of a secondary kind only, but 
gradually he took a higli rank in his profession, and with the exception 
of David Garrick, he had the widest range of characters on record. 
It included comedy and tragedy, though it was in the more dignified 
section of the former that he chiefly shone. His face and figure were 
handsome, and his voice a fine one. He quitted the stage in 1840, 
after receiving the appointment of examiner of plays. During his later 
years he gave some pui)lic Shakesperian readings. (Poole's Brechnock- 
shire ; Imp. Diet. Biog. ; See Genest's Account of the Stage ; Records 
of a Girlhood (F. A. Kemble). 1878 ; Records of a Later hifr, 1882 : 
Bing. Draniatica ; Gent. Mag., Jany., 1855 ; Campbell's Life (f Mrs. 
Siddons; Fitzgerald's Luvs of the Kcmhles : Leslie's Autobiography \ 
Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Kemble, Frances Anne, 1811-1893, afterwards Butler, better 

known as Fanny Kemble, an actress, was the eldest daughter of 
Charles Kemble [see ante.) She was not intended for the stage ; and 
it was suddenly, and from motives of filial duty, to aid her father, who 
was struggling with embarrassments as the manager of Covent Garden, 
that in 1829 she made her debut there as " Juliet." Her success was 
great, and after a triumphant career of three years she accompanied 
her father on a histrionic tour through the United States. She 


recorded her American experiences in her " Journal of a Residence in 
America," published 1835. Two years later, she published " The Star 
of Seville," a drama, and in 1842, a volume of poems. In 18-47, she 
returned to the English stage, making her new debut as " Lady 
Teazle " at the Theatre Royal, Manchester, but soon afterwards she 
left the boards, and went on tour as a reader of Shakespeare's plays. 
In 1847, she published her " Year of Consolation," descriptive of 
Italian life and scenery ; and, in 18615, her " Journal of a Residence 
on a Georgian Plantation," being a representation of slavery as it then 
existed in America. She also pulilished a collection of " Plays " in 
1864. {Imp. Diet. Biog. ; Lippincott.) See Clai-k Russell's Repre- 
sentative Actors ; Whyte's Actors of the Century ; Notes A Queries, 
7th series, xi., 109 ; Letters of Edward Fitzgerald to Fanny Kemble, 
1895 ; Theatrical Times, v. 2 ; Dramatical and Musical Review, v. 6 ; 
Theatre, March, 1893 ; Leigh Hunt's Dramatic Essays. 

Kemble, John Mitchell, 1807-1857, an Anglo-Saxon scholar 
and historian, was a son of Charles Kemble, the actor (1775-1854, see 
ante.) He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. For several 
years he was the editor of the British and Foreign Quarterly Review. 
He became a member of various foreign scientific and historical 
societies. His chief work is entitled " The Saxons in England : a 
History of the English Commonwealth till the period of the Norman 
Conquest" (2 vols., 1849.) (Lippiiiaitt.) See Fraser's Magazine for 
March and May, 1857 ; F. A Kemble's Records of a Girlhood, 1878 ; 
The Records of a Later Life, 1882 ; Athenwum, 28th March and 4th 
April, 1857 ; Hale's Antiquity of Church Rates. 

Kenrick, George, 1792-1874, a Unitarian minister and author, 
was the fourth son of Timothy Kenrick (1759-1804, see x>ost), and was 
born at Exeter. After studying under Dr. L. Cai-penter, he spent two 
years at Glasgow College, and three years at Manchester College, York, 
completing his course there in 1813. He then became Unitarian 
minister at Chesterfield, serving subsequently at Hull (1815-21), 
Maidstone (1822-26), Hampstead (1829-45), and Battle (1845-7). 
From 1833 to 1860 he was a trustee of Dr. Williams' Foundations, 
retiring in the latter year owing to ill-health. He died at Tunbridge 
Wells, where he had resided for fourteen years. He published a 
number of sermons, and was a frequent contriljutor to the Mmithly 
Repository, and other periodicals. (Diet. Nat. Biog., s.n. Timothy 

Kenrick, Timothy, 1759-1804, was the third son of John 
Kenrick, Unitarian commentator, of Wynne Hall, Ruabon, Denbigh- 
shire. In 1774, he entered Daventry Academy, under Caleb Ash worth, 
D.D., and was afterwards chosen assistant tutor in Classics. He was 
ordained in 1785, and in 1799 he opened a Nonconformist Academy 
at p]xeter. He published four single sermons (1788- 1795), and there 
appeared posthumously : — 1, Discourses on various topics, &c. (1805) ; 
2, An Exposition of the Historical Writings of tlie New Testament, &c. 
(1807), with memoir by John Kenrick, a work of great ability, which 
well represents the exegeses of the older Unitarian School. {Diet. Nat. 
Biog.) See Monthly Repository, 1808, p. 87 ; Ibid, 1818, p. 230 ; 


Ibid, 1822, pp. 197, 557 ; Murch's History Presb. and Gen. Baptist 
Churches in West of England, lM3o, pp. 406, 507 ; Inquirer, 12th 
December, 187-4 : Jeremy's Presb. Fund, 1885, p. 202 ; Palmer's Older 
No nci infirmity in Wrc.rham, 1889, p. 7t). 

Kenrick, W. Wynn, 1838-1892, a ,i,'eologist, was a native 
of Ruabon, Denbighshire. He left England for British Guiana, and 
was appointed by Lord Knutsford to be Gold Commissioner of the 
Colony, an office whicli subsequently came to be known by the title 
of Commissioner of Mines. He was closely concerned with the 
framing of the new mining regulations for the Colony, having had 
large experience of the industry in South Africa and California. He 
made several expeditions into the interior with the object of reporting 
upon the wealth of the Colony, and while engaged in the inspection 
of the goldfields of the north-western portion of the Colony, he was 
stricken with fever, and died at the Government Agent's house at 
Morawhama. {Bye-Gones, 1892, p. 422.) 

Kensington, 'William, Lord, 1777-1S52, a politician, liefore 
his elevation to the peerage was William Edwardes, and was a grandson 
of Francis Edwardes, M.P. for Haverfordwest, who married tlie 
daughter of William Warren, of Longridge, Pembrokeshire. The 
family traces its pedigree to Ynyr ap Cadfarch lord, of l)oth Maelors, 
Oswestry, and Whittington in Powys, one of the barons of that 
kingdom. The subject of this sketch succeeded his father to the 
title (an Irish peerage) in 1801, and in the following year was 
returned M.P. for Haverfordwest. He appears to have deserted the 
Tory principles of his ancestors for Whiggism, and in February, 
1806, Lord Grenville appointed him a (Junior Civil) Lord Commis- 
sioner for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United 
Kingdom, and of the seas and admiralties thereof. He was succeeded 
by his son William (1801-72). His third son, George Warren 
Edwardes (1802-79), was governor of Labuan ; and his fourth son, 
Richard (1807 -G6), acted as minister-plenipotentiary to the Argentine 
Republic. {The Red Dragon ; Burke's Peerage, Baronetage, (fc, 1882.) 

Kenyon, John Robert, 1807-1880, a barrister, was the third 
son of the Hon. Thomas Kenyon, by Louisa Charlotte, second daughter 
of the Rev. John Robert Lloyd, and was a grandson of the eminent 
lawyer. Lord Kenyon (1732-1802), see jiost). He graduated B.A. at 
Oxfortl in 1828, afterwards taking the degrees of B.C.L. and D.C.L. 
He was called to the Bar in 1834, and l)ecame Q.C. in 18G2. In 1842 
he was appointed recorder of Oswestry, and he also held the chairman- 
ship of the Shropshire Quarter Sessions. (Bye-Gones, 1880, p. 47.) 

Kenyon, Lloyd, Lord, 1732-1802. an eminent lawyer, was 
the seconil son of Lloyd Kenyon, Esq., and was born at Gredington, 
Flintshire. He was intended for the law, but it was never thought he 
would be anything more than a country attorney. He was advised, 
however, to aspire to the superior grade of the profession, and in 1750 
he became a student at the Middle Temple. For ten years after he 
was called to the Bar he practically did notliing, and he endeavoured 
to give up the law for the Gospel, but failed. He was afterwards 


employed as a fag by his old friend Dunning, who had a large practice, 
hut when it became known that Kenyon wrote the opinions, hundreds 
of cases soon came to him. In 178',l, he was appointed Chief Justice 
of Chester, two years later he became Attoi-ney-General, and in 1784 
he became a baronet and Master of the Rolls. In May, 1788, he 
succeeded Lord Mansfield as Lord Chief Justice, and was raised to the 
peerage. The inscription upon his monument at Hanmer, in Flint- 
shire, truly states that " he has left a name to which his family will 
look up with affection ite and honest pride, and which his country 
will remember with gratitude and veneration, so long as they shall 
continue duly to estimate the great and united principles of religion, 
law, and social order." {Diet. Em. W.) See Lord Campbell's Lives 
of the Chief J^(stices ; Sketch of the Life, &c.. of Lord Kenyon (London, 
1802) ; The Judges of England, by Foss ; Young Wales, 1895, p. 83. 

Kiffin, William (or Kiffen), 1616-1701, a merchant and Baptist 
minister, was born in London, and his family appears to be of Welsh 
descent. He was apprenticed in lG2i> to John Lilburne, brewer, leaving 
two years later, when he was apprenticed to a glover. He afterwards 
began business in the woollen cloth trade ; in 1647, he was Parliament- 
ary assessor of taxes for Middlesex, and two years later, Parliament, in 
response to a petition, gave him liberty to preach in any part of Suffolk. 
He wrote " Glimpse of Zion's Glory," " The Christian Man's Trials," 
" Observations on Hosea," and other works. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See 
his Autohiographij ; Burnet's Oivn Time, 1724, vol. 1, p. 599 ; Engl. 
Presh. Eloquence, 1720, p. 141 ; Pike's Ancient Meeting Houses, 1870, 
p. 689 ; Crosby's Hist, of Engl. Baptists, 1738-40, vol. 1, p. 215 ; 
Angus' Early Baj/tist Authors, 1886. 

Kilsby, see Jones, James Rhys. 

Kinsey, William Morgan, 1788-185], divine and traveller, 
was born at Aljergavenny, Monmouthshire. He matriculated at Oxford, 
graduated M.A. in 1813, and in 1822 proceeded to the degree of B.D- 
In 1827, he made a tour to Portugal, to make that country better 
known to Englisli people. In 1828, appeared his " Portugal Illustrated," 
a second edition of which was ]iublished in the following year. In 1830, 
he travelled with Vicount Alford in Belgium, and, in 1843, was 
appointed Rector of Rotherfield-Greys, Oxfordshire, where he resided 
till his death. He was the author of a number of pamphlets, and in 1848 
contributed a paper to the Gentlcmaii's Magazine, entitled " Random 
Recollections of a Visit to Walton Hall." (Dirt. Nat. Biog.) See 
Gent. Mag., 1851, new series, 36, p. 95 ; Foster's Alumni Oxon. ; 
Kinsey 's Portugal Illustrated. 

Kirkham, John William, 1818-1894, a clergyman, was born 
in the neighl)iu,li(ii)d of Mold, his maternal uncle being the Rev. John 
Blackwell (Alan). He was educated at Jesus College, Oxford, graduat- 
ing M.A. iu 1844. He was ordained priest in 1843, his first curacy 
being at Llantysilio, near Llangollen, Denbighshire. In 1851, he 
accepted the curacy of Llanljrynmair, and five years later was 
constituted rector of the same parish by an Order of Council, on the 
formation of the Dylife Ecclesiastical District. His gentlemanly 


demeanour, his exemplary life, and his readiness to assist in every Rood 
cause endeared him to all sections of the community. Among his 
many services to the Church were his eflorts in raising funds for the 
renovation of the parish church, and the erection of the National 
school, as well as of the building of St. John's Church at a cost of 
£1000. {Btje-Gones, 1894, p. 302.) 

Knight, Wilbur Clinton, 18r)8- 1W3, geologist at the University 
of Wyoming, U.S.A., was horn at Rochelle, Illinois, his mother being 
Cornelia, daughter of David Jones, Lansing Street, Utica, N.Y. In 
1873, he moved with his parents to Neln-aska, and entered the University 
there in 1881. He graduated five years later, and afterwards became 
assistant geologist at Wyoming. After studying in Europe, he returned 
to America, graduating M.A. and Ph.D. In 1893, he was elected to the 
chair of geology at Wyoming. During his occupation of that post he 
gained an enviable reputation in scientific circles, being regarded as 
one of the liest geologists in the country. He was well known as an author, 
and wrote much to various technical and scientific publications. One 
of the most v^iluable contributions of his facile pen to scientific 
literature was his " Birds of Wyoming," containing descriptions of over 
three hundred of the birds of that State. He married a Welsh hidy. 
Miss E. Emma Howell, who survived him. {The Cambrian, 1'.'03 
p. 387.) 

Kyffin, Thomas, 1679 -about 17")."), a lawyer, was the son of 
Richard Kyffin, of Margam, Carnarvonshire, and was called to the bar 
in 1702. In 1713, he was appointed attorney-general for the counties 
of Carnarvon, Anglesey, and Merioneth, being re-appointed in 171.5 
and 1727. {The Welsh Jxidges.) 

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792, an American statesman and revol»ti>»ist, 
born in Westmoreland county, Virginia, U.S.A., was a brother of 
Richard Henry Lee, (1732- 1794, see jO(wt) He studied medicine in 
Edinburgh, and subsequently became law student in London. He 
there published a number of eloquent political essays, under the name 
of " Junius Americanus," in which he advocated the cause of 
the American people. He was sent as a minister to France in 1776 ; 
and, in conjunction with Franklin and Deane, he negotiated a treaty 
with the French. He was recalled in 1779. After his return he was 
elected to Congress in 1782, and was subsequently made a counsellor 
of the supreme court of the United States, and a member of the 
Board of Treasury in 1784. About the same time he was appointed one 
of the commissioners for negotiating a treaty with the Indians of the 
six nations, and performed the duty with credit. He was the author 
of "Monitor's Letters," and of the "Letters of Junius Americanus." 
He was never married. He was a good classical scholar, and an 
intimate friend of Sir William Jones. {Lippincott.) See R. H. Lee's 
Life of Arthur Lee, 2 vols. (1829) ; North Amerian Revieiv for 
April, 1830 ; Encyclopcedia Americana ; Imp. Diet. Biog. 

Lee, Charles, 1731-1781, a distinguished officer in the American 
Revolutionary war, was a native of Wales. Having served for a time 
in the British Ai-my, he removed in 17.56 to America. He was 


appointed major-general by Congress in 1775. In the following year 
he was appointed to the chief command of the Southern Colonies. 
He was surprised and taken prisoner by the English while marching 
through New .Jersey to join Washington in Pennsylvannia (December, 
177(i) ; but after the surrender of Burgoyne, in October, 1777, he was 
exchanged. Having disobeyed General Washington's orders at the 
battle of Monmouth, in 1778, he was tried by court-martial, and 
suspended from service for a year. He letired to his farm in 
Berkeley, Virginia, in 17X0, and lived alone amid his books until 1782, 
when he removed to Philadelphia. He was the author of several 
political works. Kis Jlctnoirs were published in 17112. {Wales and 
Us Peojile; Lippincott.) See EnryrJopcpdia Americana ; V Brython, 
vol. 5, p. 258; Wales, vol. 3, p. 19; Appleton's Encycl. Amer. 
Biog. ; Banbury's Life of Sir Thomas Hanmer ; HarcoiD't Papers, 
xi., 184-202 ; B. F. Stevens' Fucismiles of Manuscripts relating to 
America; G. H. Moore's Treason of Charles Lee (New York, 1860) ; 
Inq}. Diet. Biog. 

Lee, Fitzhugh, 1S35- an American general, was a nephew 

of General Robert Edward Lee, (1807- 1870, see />osf), and a grandson 
of General Henry Lee (17r)tj-1818, aeejjost), and was born in Virginia, 
U.S.A. He graduated at West Point in 1856, and at the outbreak of 
the civil war became general of cavalry in the Confederate army. 
In 1865, he and his troops were forced to surrender to Grant. 
He was elected governor of Virginia in 1885, and was United States 
consul at Havana from IS'Xi till the war with Spain in 1898. He was 
then appointed major-general, commanding the Seventh Army Corps, 
and after the war was made military governor of Havana province. 
He wrote a life of his uncle, General Robert Edward Lee (1894), 

Lee, Francis Lightfoot, 1734-1797, an American statesman 
and patriot, born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, U.S.A., was a 
younger brother of Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794, see jjost). He 
inherited a large estate, and married a daugliter of Colonel John 
Tayloe, in 1772. He was elected to the General Congress three years 
later, and signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Having 
been re-elected, he continued to serve in Congress until 1779. He was 
too diilident to gain ilistinction as a debater, but took an active part 
in legislative business. He died without issue at Richmond, U.S.A. 
He was eminent for conversational powers, and was a general favourite 
in societv. {Wales and its People; Lippincott.) See Wales, 
V. 1, p. 2.S2. 

Lee, George Washington Curtis, 18.32- an American 

general, a son of (ieneral Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870), see /?os<), 
was born at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, U.S.A. He graduated at West 
Point Military Academy in 1854 : served in the United States Army, 
1854-61 ; and, 18()l-65, in the Confederate Army of Northern 
Virginia, attaining the rank of general. He was professor of military 
engineering at the Virginia Military Institute 1865-71, and from the 
latter date to 1897 was president of Washington and Lee University. 


Lee, Henry, 1756-1818, an American general, born in West- 
moreland County, Virginia, U.S.A., was of Welsh descent, and a 
nephew of Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794, see post). He became a 
captain of cavalry in 177G, and performed several daring exploits. 
He captured a British fort at Paulus Hook in July, 1779. He was 
raised to the rank of lieutenant-colonel about 1780, after which year 
he served in tlie army of General Greene as an otticer of cavalry. He 
rendered important services at Guilford Court-Honse, March 1781, and 
at the attack on Fort Ninety-Six. His le,t;ion of cavalry also 
contributed to the victory at Eutaw Springs, in 1781. In 178(), he 
was appointed a delegate to the General Congress, and elected 
Governor of Virginia in 1791 or 17'.t2. He was again a member of 
Congress in 1791), and was selected by Congress to pronounce a 
eulogy on Washington, wliom he characterised as " tirst in war, first 
in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen." He wrote about 
the year 1809 valuable " Memoirs of the War in the Southern States." 
He was often called "Light-Horse Harry." (Lippinrott ; Welshmen 
as Fartors, .I'r.) See Duyckinck's Oiichypcedia of American Literature, 
V. 1 ; Kncycldjia'dia Americana. 

Lee, Richard Henry, 17;!2-1791, an American statesman and 
orator, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, 
was born in the county of Westmoreland, Virginia, U.S.A., ami came 
of a Welsh family. He was educated in England, and, after his 
return, was elected about 1757 to the House of Burgesses in Virginia. 
In 1765, he eloquently defended the resolutions against the Stamp 
Act, introduced Ijy Patrick Henry. He was a delegate from Virginia, 
in 1774, to the Continental Congress, and took a prominent part in tlie 
proceedings of that body. The memorial to the people of British 
America, authorized by the Continental Congress, is attributed to his 
pen. In June, 1776, he introduced into Congress the measure 
declaring the Colonies free and independent States, which motion he 
supported by a most powerful and eloquent speech. He was again 
elected to Congress in 1778, he became president of that body in 1784, 
and was elected a United States senator from Virginia in 1789. 
{Wales and its People; Lippincotl.) See Goodrich's Lives of the 
Signers to the Declaration of Indejjendence ; Memoirs of the Life of 
R. H. Lee, by his grandson, R. H. Lee, 2 vols (1825) ; North American 
Review for April, 1826 (by Edward Everett) ; Y Brython, vol. 5, 
p. 270 ; Wales, vol. 3, p. 18 ; Ilnd, v. 1, p. 282. 

Lee, Robert Edward, 1807 - 1870, a distinguished American 
general, was the son of General Henry Lee (1756-1818, see ante), 
and was born at Stratford, Westmoreland county, Virginia, U.S.A. 
He graduated at the head of the class at West Point in 1829, and soon 
afterwards joined the army. He obtained the rank of captain in 
1838, and served in the Mexican war (1846-47), as chief engineer of 
the army of General Scott, by whom his conduct was highly 
commended. For his services in Mexico he was raised to the rank of 
brevet colonel. In 1861, he was appointed major-general in command 
of all the forces of Virginia. He became one of the most distinguished 
Confederate generals in the Civil war, but was eventually compelled to 


capitulate by the combined forces of Generals Sherman and Grant in 
186'). General Lee survived until 1870, by no one more respected 
than by his distinguished adversary, General Grant, who regarded him 
;>s one of the greatest soldiers of the nineteenth century. (Lippincott.) 
See Havmsworth ; Fitzhugh Lee's General iep (1894) ; Recollections 
and I.etters of General Lee (1905). 

Lee, "William Henry Fitzhugh, 1837-1891, an American 
soldier, son of General Robei't Edward Lee (1807-1870, see 
ante), and was born at Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A. He entered the 
army in 1857, and became a Confederate cavalry leader in the Civil 
war, advancing from captain to major-general. He was elected to the 
senate of Virginia in 187."), and was in Congress from 1886 till his 
death. (T.ippiiirott.) 

Le"wes, Charles Lee, 1740-1803, actor, was born in New Bond 
Street, his father, who was first a hosier and afterwards a letter carrier, 
l)eing of Welsh descent. He spent about seven years at school in Amble- 
side, Westmoreland, and in liis fourteenth year returned to London, 
where he appears to have assisted his father in his work as letter carrier. 
His first ai)pearance on the stage, probably as an amateur, was about 
17 GO, at the Haymarket, as Cash, in "Every Man in his Humour." 
He afterwards appeared as Matthew Mug, in tlie " Mayor of Garrett," 
at Chelsea. After playing at Chesterfield and other provincial towns, 
he met with an accident at Sheffield, which disaliled him from playing 
as harleijuin. He was afterwards engaged at Covent Garden as second 
harlequin to WooiLward. In 1773, in the first production of " She 
Stoops to Conquer," lie played the part of Young Marlow so well, that 
he secured the position of leading comedian. Goldsmith was so pleased 
with his performance that he wrote him an epilogue which, in the 
character of harlequin, he spoke at his benefit. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) 
See Clark Russell's Representative Actors ; Genest's Account of the 
English Stage ; Gilliland's Dramatic Mirror ; Lowndes' Biblio- 
grapher's Manual. 

Lewes, George Henry, 1817-1878, a man of science, and 
miscellaneous writei', born in London, was a grandson of the actor, 
Charles Lee Lewes (1740-1803, see ante.) He received his early 
education partly in Jersey, partly at the well-known school of Dr. 
Burney, at Greenwich. He entered the office of a Russian merchant, 
and afterwards studied medicine, but soon abandoned it for literature. 
To the British and Foreign Review, he was for many years a leading 
contributor, publishing in it, among otlier papers, a striking criticism 
on Goethe, whose biographer he afterwards became. His articles on 
the Drama were re-published as "Actors and the Ai-t of Acting" 
(187.')). He was editor of the Leader (1849-54), founded the 
Fortnightly Ruvieiv (1865), and was for a time its editor. His 
connection with George Eliot (q.v.) which commenced in 1854, ended 
only with his death. The most important of his later works are : 
"Seaside Studies" (1858); "Physiology of Common Life" (1859); 
" Studies in Animal Life " (1862) ; " Problems of Life and Mind " 
(1874-9) ; " The Study of Psychology " (1879). {Imp. Diet. Biog. ; 


Harmsworth.) See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; New Quarterly, October, 187i> ; 
Cross' Life of George Eliot. 

Lewes, Sir Watkin, aboiit 1737 -1821, a member of Parliament, 
who was t'lir many yeais one of the leading London Welsh, was the 
second son of the" Rev. Watkin Lewos, of Penbenglog, Cardiganshire. 
He matriculated from Magdalen College, Camlnidge, and took his 
B.A. degree in 17ti3. After four unsuccessful attempts to enter 
Parliament as member for Worcester, he was, in 1781, elected one of 
the four members for the City of London. He was re-elected in 1784 
and 17itO, but in 17i)6 he lost his seat. When in the House he was 
known as a frequent deliater. Some time before 1778 he was elected 
treasurer of the Society of Ancient Britons. He was alderman for 
Lime Street Ward for "thirty-two years, and only resigned it, at the 
invitation of his official brethren, to assume the position of " Father of 
the City of London," and he accordingly became alderman of the Ward 
of Bridge Without in 1804, and so continued until his decease. (Old 
Wales, vol. 1, p. 33 et seq.) 

Lewis, Andrew, 1730 -about 1780, a general in the American 
Army, was from a Welsh family, and was born in Virginia, U.S., 
America. He and his five brothers were with Washington when 
General Braddock was defeated by the French and Indians, and 
afterwards served during the war of the American Revolution. He 
was a major in Washington's Virginia regiment, and was highly 
esteemed by his commander for his skill and bravery. When 
Washington was appointed commander-in-chief, he recommended Col. 
Lewis for the office of major-general, but he was by some means 
overlooked at the time, and accepted the office of Brigadier-General. 
He drove Dunsmore from Gwynn's Island in 1776. He resigned his 
commission in 1780, on account of ill-health, and died soon afterwards. 
(Wah.^ and //s J'enjdt:) See Y Brython, vol. 5, p. 261). 

Lewis, Benjamin F., 1831-1897, a journalist, was born at 
Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire. He emigrated to America in 1847, and 
found employment in the printing office of Baker & Godwin, at New 
York. In 1859, he removed to TJtica, and secured a post in the printing 
department of the Utira Morning Herald. Six years later he was 
appointed foreman, a post which he filled for nearly thirty years. In 
1893, he became editor of Y Drych, the leading Welsh pulilication of 
the United States. His literary ability was of a high order, and his 
writings attracted much attention. Few were better versed than he in 
the history and literature of Wales. His patriotism was unbounded, 
and he took a leading part in every effort to perpetuate the good 
customs of his native land. During the last year of his life he prepared 
a series of sketches of the annual Eisteddfodau held in Utica from their 
beginning, belore the war. He possessed much material of local Welsh 
history, part of which is preserved in the sketches referred to. He 
was a member of the Oneida Historical Societj\ {The Cambrian, 
1897, p. 297.^ 

Lewis, Charles James, 1830-1892, painter, who was iDorn in 
London, was of Welsh extraction on his father's side. At the age of 


17 he was an exhibitor at the Royal Academy. He was very successful 
in water-colour, and, in liS82, was elected a meml>er of the Royal 
Institute of Painters in Water-colours. A portrait of Lewis appeared 
in "The Year's Art" for 1892. He resided at Chelsea, where he died. 
{Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Daily Graphic, Sth February, 1892. 

Lewis, David, 1683-1760, a poet, born in Wales, seems identical 
with David Lewis, son of Roger Lewis, Pembroke, who matriculated 
at Jesus College in 1698, and graduated B.A. in 1702. In 1727, he 
published "Philip of Macedon," a tragedy, and a second edition 
appeared in the same year. In 1730, he brought out a collection of 
miscellaneous poems. He died at Low Leyton, and was buried at 
Leyton Church, where there is an inscription which tells of his 
excellent poetry. In the British Museum Catalogue the author of 
" Philip of Macedon," is Cfuifused with David Lewis, poet, of New 
York. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Baker's Biog. Dram., vol. 1, p. 4.52 ; 
Malone's Boswell, vol. 4, p. 330 ; Notes A.- Queries, 2nd series, vol. 8, p. 
497 ; Thome's Environs of London, p. 418. 

Lewis, David, - 1884, a professor in the National College at 

Buenos Aj'res, was a native of Glamorganshire. He completed his 
education at Oxford, where he graduated M.A. In 1863, he left for 
Buenos Ayres, and in April of the following year he was appointed 
professor of languages in the National College there. He occupied 
that post with marked ability until his death twenty years later. He 
was regarded as one of the Ijest scholars and most successful teachers 
in the Republic. A statue was erected to his memory, at the expense 
of the Government, in the National College. (C <.[■ D. Herald.) 

Lewis, David, 1812-1886, a Congregational minister, was a 
native of Jjlangyfelach, Glamorganshire. He studied at Swansea, at 
Barham, and subsequently at Penywaun and Pontypool, and during 
the college intervals he taught as a schoolmaster at Gorseinion and in 
other parts of the district. He soon afterwards began to preach with 
great effect and approval, and after a lengthened evangelical tour 
through Wales he accepted a call to Llanvapley, Monmouthshire, 
where he laboured for nearly half a centurj-. In his earlier years he 
was a well and widely known preacher at the association meetings and 
conferences of his denomination. He contributed frequently to Seren 
Gomel', Yr Haul, and other periodicals, and wrote a series of able 
articles against such popular superstitions as corpse-candles, &c., which 
were then very jirevalent in the neighbourhood. {Congreg. Year 
Book, 1888.) 

Lew^is, David, 1848-1897, a lawyer, was a native of Swansea. 
After being educated at Swansea and Llandovery, he proceeded, in 
1886, to Caius College, Cambridge, and at the end of his course there 
came out as 12th senior optime in the mathematical tripos. He was 
called to the bar in 1873, and joined the South Wales circuit. In 1884, 
he edited, jointly with the original author, the fourth edition of 
Mr. Cdke Fowler's work on "The Law of Collieries." In 1888, he was 
appointed assistant commissioner to conduct inquiries into the 
charities of Denbighshire. This was the first systematic inquiry, 

^ #* 



Bexjamix F. Lewi^. 

.TrntiE Daviii Lewi 


relating to a large area, since the time of Lord Brougham's commission, 
and Mr. Lewis' reports settled, in a large degree, the lines on which 
most similar inquiries were subsequently carried out. In 1891, the 
honour was conferred upon him of being appointed the first recorder 
of his native borough of Swansea, an otiice which he vacated two years 
later, on being made County Court Judge for the Mid-Wales circuit. 
He was a frequent contributor to the historical literature of Wales, 
among his best articles being those on " The Welshmen of English 
Literature " (Red Dragon, 18<S6), " The Charters of Neath Abbey," and 
the "English Statutes relating to Wales." (F Gymmrodor, v. 11.) 
See Cymru, v. 13, p. 205. 

Lewis, Ed'ward, 1701-1784, a miscellaneous writer, was probably 
a son of John Lewis (a Welshman), of Alderley, Cheshire. He was 
educated at Wrexham, and admitted subsizar of St. John's Chapel, 
Cambridge, in 1719. He graduated M.A. in 1726, and became rector 
of Waterstock. His chief works are : " Sinners saved by Jesus Christ, 
and Clergy are no sure guides to Heaven :" and the "Patriot King." He 
translated two sermons by Chrysostum, under the title of "The Sin of 
Sodom reproved." {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Baker's Biog. Dram. 

Le^vis, Enoch, 1776-1856, a distinguished mathematician, of 
Welsh descent, was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, and 
educated at the West-town Boarding School, established by the Society 
of Friends. He became teacher of mathematics in the Friends' 
Academy, Philadelphia, in 1799, and subsequently at the West-town 
Boarding Scliool. He was the author of treatises on algebra, 
trigonometry, &c., a " Life of William Penn," and other valuable 
works. In 1847, he became editor of the Friends' Review, 
Philadelphia. {Welshmen as Factors, &c.\ Lippincott.) 

Lewis, Erasmus, 1670-1754, was born at Abercathy, in the vale 
of Towy, South Wales. In 1686, he was admitted a King's scholar at 
Westminster. Four years later he was elected to Trinity College, 
Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. In 1699, he went to Hamburg, 
Brussels and Paris, and in 1701, was appointed secretary to the Earl of 
Manchester, the British Ambassador to France. On his return to 
England he was, in 1713, elected M.P. for Lostwithiel, Cornwall. He 
was highly spoken of by the greatest men of his day, including Prior, 
Arbuthnot, Pope and Gay. He was buried in the east cloister at 
Westminster Al)l)ey. {Dirt. Nat. Biog.) See Pope's Works ; Swift's 
Woiks ; Atken's Life and Works of A rbuthnot ; Welsh's Alumni 
West ; Wheatley and Cunningham's London, v. 1, p. 455. 

Le^vis, Evan, 1813-1896, a Congregational minister and author, 
was born at a farmhouse called Pant, in the parish of Abergorlech, 
Carmarthenshire. After spending some time at Ffrwdyfal Grammar 
School he entered Brecon College, and in 1843 was ordained pastor of 
Brynberian and Velindre churches, in Pembrokeshire, and from that 
time to the close of his long ministerial life of 47 years, bis services 
there were crowned with evident success. A& a preacher he was 
thoroughly conscientious in preparation, thoughtful, deeply in earnest, 
and persuasive. At times he reached heights of impassioned and 


genuine eloquence. He was always a diligent student, and the con- 
firmed habit of his life kept him in touch with current theological 
literature to the end of his days. His latest contribution to the jivess 
was an interestina' history of the Cymanfaoedd at F>rynberian. (Gong. 
Year Book, 1.S97.) 

Lewis, Evan, 1818-1901, a clergyman, was born in Cardigan- 
shire, and educated at Jesus College, Oxford, and was ordained priest 
in 1842. His preferments were : — Vicar of Aberdare, 18r)9-66 ; rector 
of Dolgelly, 186G-84 ; dean of Bangor, 1884. In his attempt to check 
the liberties taken with the services of the Prayer Book he encountered 
some opposition, but he carried his point. The effects of his teaching 
were felt outside his own immediate sphere ; and being more or less of 
an aggressive character, created a comraotidn iu the ranks of dissent, 
involving him and his flock in discussion, in the press and on the 
platform, on the relations of Church and dissent. The publication of 
his treatise on " The Apostolic Succession " (18.51), was the outcome of 
these discussions. In his younger days he was one of the pioneers of 
the Welsh Church press, and a constant and able contributoi-. He also 
wrote several Welsh hymns of considerable merit, and translated into 
Welsh the well-known Latin Christmas hymn, Adeste Fideles, and also 
Faber's Good Friday hymn. He was the author of : " The Church 
in Wales"; "Bi- Lingual Difficulties"; " Llythyrau gan Aelod o'r 
Eglwys" (Letters by a Member of the Church). (Bye-Gones, 1901, 
p. 239.) See Y Geninen, March, 1902, p. 37 ; Ibid, March, 1903, p. 23. 
Recollections, &c. ,- Cardiff Catalogue. 

Le'Wis, Evan, 1825-1869, a Congregational minister and author, 
was born at Cefn-y-Iiryn, Newtown. Having studied a year with the 
Rev. Isaac Watts, of Boston, he entered Airedale College, and 
graduated B.A. of London University in 1852. In the following year 
he was ordained pastor at Barton-on-Humber ; and his subsecjiie.-it 
pastorates were Rothwell, LS58 ; Accrington, 1863 ; Preston, and 
Oxford Road, London, 1868. A man of great natural endowments, 
of large and varied culture, he was also a very careful expounder of 
Divine truth. As a preacher, there was a striking combination of 
earnestness and tenderness in his manner. His literary works include : 
" Independency : a Deduction from the Laws of the Universe ; " 
" God's Week of Work : an Examination of the Mosaic Six Days ; " 
" Seeking Jesus : or First Lessons in Religion ; " " The Grimshaw 
Street Chapel Pulpit ; " " Dialogues for Bands of Hope ; " besides 
many articles on scientific subjects in various papers and magazines. 
He was elected F.R.G.S. {Congreg. Year Book, 1870.) 

Lewis, Evan, 1828-1<S69, a Cimgregational minister, was born 
at Carniartlien, and was the son of an architect. He studied at Airedale 
College to prepare for the ministry, and graduated B.A. at the London 
University. He served in the pastorate at Barton-on-Humber, 
Rothwell, Accrington, Preston and Islington. He lectured frequently 
at Accrington on literary and scientific topics. He was a fellow of the 
Royal Geographical Society, and also of the Ethnological Society. His 
writings were : " The Wines the Saviour made " ; "A plea for the 


people, or the force and the fate of England " ; " The Two Twilights " ; 
" Independency " ; and " God's Week of Works," all written between 
1856 and 1865. {Diet. Nat. Biog.) See Preston (jhuardian, 24th Feb., 
1869, p. 2 ; Preston Chronicle, 27th Feb., 1869, p. 5 ; Sutton's 
Lancashire Authors, p. 72. 

Lewis, Francis, 1713-1803, one of the four New York delegates 
to the Continental Congress in 1776, was born at Llandaff, Glamorgan- 
shire, and educateil in Scotland, and afterwards at Westminister. He en- 
tered upon a mercantile life in London, and sul)sequently went to New 
York, where he conducted Imsiness for English merchants. He there 
entered into partnership with a Mr. Edward Annesley, whose sister he 
eventually married. In his various enterprises, he accumulated gi-eat 
wealth, which lie as readily sacrificed for the land of his adoption. He 
joined the army, and was taken prisoner in the French war and carried 
to France. He afterA\ards returned to New York, took an active part 
on the patriot side, and signed the Declaration uf Independence. The 
British devastated his property, and made him their prisoner. {Wales 
and its people; Welshmen as Factors, &c. ; The Cambrian, 1895, 
p. 289.) See Y Brtjthon, v. 5, p. 270 ; Wales, v. 3, p. 18 ; Ibid, v. 1, 
p. 282. 

Lewis, George, 1763-1822, a Congreg;itional minister and 
author, was a native of Carmarthenshire. In 1786, he became 
pastor of a congregation at Carnarvon, where he remained nine years. 
From 1795 to 1)^12 he laboured in Merionethshire, and in the latter 
year was chosen tutor of the Congregational Theological College, 
which was then located at Wrexham. He was greatly esteemed 
for the able and conscientious manner in which he dischai-ged 
his pastoral and collegiate duties. In 1810, he received the 
honorary degree of D.D. from an American University. He wrote 
a number of excellent hymns, the best known being " Rhyfedd 
na buaswn 'nawr, Yn y fflamau." In 1796, he published a 
Manual of Divinity, under the title of " Drych Ysgrythyrol, 
neu Gorph o Dduwinyddiaeth," which attained much popularity, a 
second edition being called for in 1812. His principal work is a Welsh 
Commentary on the New Testament, in seven volumes, to which he 
devoted 20 years. He also wrote several treatises on religious subjects. 
His works, which are distinguished for simplicity of style, are ample 
proofs of his literary abilities and extensive reading. He was a good 
scholar, and was well acquainted with the Latin, Greek and Hebrew 
languages. {Diet. Em. W. ; Cardiff Catalogue.) See Enivog. C. ; 
Enwog. y Ffydd, v. 2, p. 397 ; Revue Celtique, v. 2, p. 43 ; Hanes Lien. 
G. ; Nodweddiad y Cymry, p. 217 ; Y Geninen, 1895, p. 167 : 
Evangelical Mag., v. 30, p. 277 ; Gent. Mag., 1822, part 2, p. 94 ; Rees' 
Hist., p. 499 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Lewis, Sir George Cornew^all, Bart., 1806-1863, was the 
eldest son of Sir Thomas Frankland Lewis (17.S0-1855, see post), of 
Harpton Court, Radnorshire. He received his earlier education at 
Eton School, and there won many prizes. From thence he proceeded 
to Oxford, graduating B.A., with high honours, in 1828. He then 


studied nnder a special pleader, Mr. Barnes Peacock (afterwards Chief 
Justice oi' India), and in IS.'il he was called to the bar. But the legal 
profession had no charms for hini, and he hardly, if ever, practised. 
In 1835, he became an assistant commissioner, to report on the working 
of the relief of the poor in Ireland. He afterwards became secretary 
to the Poor Law Commission, and his conduct gave such satisfaction 
that, in January, 1S39, he was appointed to succeed his father as 
one of the Commissioners. In 1.S47, he entered Parliament as member 
for the county of Hereford, which he contined to represent for five 
years. He then became editor of the Edinburgh Review, and after- 
wards re-entered Parliament for New Radnor. In 18.55, Mr. Gladstone 
had resigned his office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the 
following month he was succeeded in that important position by the 
subject of this sketch, who was then sworn of the Privy Council. 
While in this position he displayed great financial capacity. He was 
no less distinguished as an author. His best-known works are : — 
" Essays on the Administrations of Great Britain from 1783-1830 " 
(1864) ; " Remarks on the Use and Abuse of some Political Terms " 
(1832); "The Government of Dependencies" (1841); and "The 
Influence of Authority in Matters of Opinion " (1849). (The Red 
Dragon.) See His Letters edited by Sir Gilbert F. Lewis ; Frazer's 
Mag., 1863, p. 684 ; E7u:ydo. Brit. ; Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Times, 15th 
and 20th April, 1863 ; Oent. Mag., 1845 ; Hist, of Radnorshire, 1905, 
p. 423 ; Bagshot's Literary Studies, 1879. 

Lewis, Sir Gilbert Frankland, Bart., 1808- a clergy- 
man and author, was the second son of Sir Thomas Frankland Lewis 
(1780-1855, see ^osO, and was born at Tiberton Court, Herefordshire, 
and educated at Magdalen College, Cambridge, where he graduated 
M.A. in 1833. He entered Holy Orders, and was appointed to the 
rectory of Gladestry, Radnorshire ; afterwards being preferred to the 
living of Monnington-on-Wye, Herefordshire ; and, later, to a prebend 
at Hereford, and a canonry at Worcester. He succeeded to his 
father's estates on the death of his elder lirother. Sir George Corne- 
wall Lewis (1806-1863, see ante), and afterwards edited and published 
a volume of that statesman's correspondence. (Bye-Gones, 1874, 
p. 288.) 

Le'wis, James, 1674-1747, a Baptist minister and author, was 
born in the parish of Llandyssil, Cardiganshire, and was a good 
scholar. In 1706, he became pastor of the cause at Pencader, where 
he ministered, with great success, for forty-one years. He assisted in 
the publication of several useful works in Welsh, and wrote a 
pamphlet controverting the views of Mr. Jenkin Jones, the first 
Arminian teacher in Wales. This was published in 1730, under the 
title, " Y Cyfrif Cywiraf o'r Pechod Gwreiddiol " (Carmarthen : Isaac 
Carter). (Rees' Hist. ; Llyfrydd. y Gyniry.) 

Lew^is, Jenkin, 1760-1831, a Congregational minister and 
author, was born at Brithdir Uchaf, in the parish of Gelligaer, 
near Merthyr Tydfil. He was educated at the Independent College 
at Abergavenny, an institution which was afterwards removed to 


Brecon, where it still remains. He became assistant roaster at the 
collegf, and on its removal to Oswestry, continued there from June, 
1782, to November, 1783, when he became minister of the Congrega- 
tional church at Wrexham (1783-1811), subsequently removing to 
Manchester. Fi-om 1791 to 181 1, he was principal of the Independent 
College, which, for his convenience, was removed from Oswestry to 
Wrexham. In 1815, he removed to Newport, Monmouthshire, to take 
cliarge of Hojie Chapel, remaining there till his death. In 1793, he 
published a volume entitled, " Natural Evil from God ; Being the 
Substance of a discourse delivered at Pen-y-bryn Meeting House, in 
Wrexham, on the General Fast Day, April i9th! 179.3." He received 
the degree of D.D. {Bye-Gunrs, 1899, pp. 218 and 23U.) See Palmer's 
Eistory of the Older Nonconfiirmity of Wrexham, pp. 115-117; 
D. Peter's Hanes Grefydd yn Nghymru, p. 687 ; The Quarterly 
Magazine, 1831, p. 528: Hanes Eglwysi Annihi/nol Cymrii, v. 1, 
pp. 121-3; Album Aherhonddu, p. 39 ; G.B., v. 2,' p. 1.58. 

Lewis, John Wyndam, 1837-1895, a Calvinistic Methodist 
minister, was a native of South Wales, and was educated at the 
National School, Loughor, Swansea ; the Tydfil Grammar School, and 
at Trevecca College. After leaving college, he was ordained in 18G6. 
He held pastorates at P^narth and Gower, settling, in 1870, at Carmar- 
then, where he remained till his death. He was a very fluent 
preacher, both in English and Welsh, took a great interest in 
educational matters, and was a frequent contributor to the magazines. 
He was known locally as " The Nonconformist Bishop of Carmarthen." 
He contrilmted a chapter to the biography of Edward Matthews, 
publislied in 1893. (C. d: D. Herald ; Bye-Gones, 1895, p. 27.) See 
Y Geninen, 1895, p. 99. 

Lewis, Joseph, - 1894, a Baptist minister, was born in the 

neighbourhood of Glascoed, near Pontypool. In January, 1852, he 
entered Pontypool College, and about three years later was ordained 
at Usk. In 1856, he settled at Raglan, removing, in 1858, to Tredagar, 
to take charge of the English cause in Church Street. There he 
continued for 29 years, until the failure of his sight compelled him to 
resign the pastorate. He was a powerful preacher and a faithful 
pastor, and contributed some able articles, in Welsh and English, to 
the magazines. (Baptist Handbook, 1895.) 

Lewis, Joshua, 1815-1879, a Congreg-ational minister and 
author, was born of poor but respectable parents at Llanybyther, 
Carmarthenshire. In his sixteenth year, he left home to open a 
school at Gwernogle, removing afterwai-ds to Trelech, in the same 
county, as assistant teacher at a school kept by the Rev. E. Jones, and 
there he preached his first sermon. In 18.34, he entered tlie Presbyterian 
College, Carmarthen, and four yeai-s later was ordained at Henllan, 
becoming co-pastor with the Rev. J. Lloyd. On the latter's death he 
became sole pastor, and there spent the remainder of his life. He was 
a hard and systematic student through life : and as a preacher he was 
instructive,, and illustrative, his services lieing much in request 
for special occasions far and near. His pen also was fruitful, and 


many and varied were his contributions to the Diwygiwr, Bei7"niad, 
and other magazines. He also commenced a series of tracts, in 1852, 
called " Amserau Presennol " (Present Times), in which he aimed 
at giving a true picture of the state of religion in the cliurchea 
of Wales, and rousing them to a moi'e earnest spiritual life, but for 
various reasons only three numbers ever saw the light. Some years 
afterwards he conceived tlie idea of publishing a Welsh history of the 
Christian Church. He published one number, which he called 
1' (juntvyll (The Candle), but before the second number appeared, 
paralysis had sealed his hand for ever. (Congreg. Year Buok, 1881.) 

Lewis, Lewis William, 1831 - 1901, " Llew Llwyfo," poet, 
musician, and prose writer, was born at Pensarn, in the parish of 
Llanwenllwyfo, near Amlwch, Anglesey, and as a boy worked at the 
celebrated Parys Copper Mines. He afterwards kept a shop at 
Pensarn, but soon abandoned that for a literary and musical career. 
In 1852, he became assistant editor of 1' Cymro at Holywell, removing 
three years later to Liverpool as editor of Yr Amserau. In 1858, he 
and others started Y Gwladgarwr at Aberdare. He afterwards joined 
the staff of the Baner at Denbigh, and, later, of the Herald at 
Carnarvon. His success as a composer of Welsh songs was very 
marked. Possessing a powerful baritone voice, he was generally the 
first to introduce his own productions. His services were frequently 
called for as adjudicator and conductor. He wrote much to the 
Geninen, and to the Welsh periodical press in Wales and America. 
His Eisted<lfodic successes include prizes for poems on " Gwenhwyfar," 
Merthyr, 1859 ; " Carailog," Aberdare, ISGl ; " Llewelyn," Rhyl, 1863 ; 
" Golyddan," Swansea, 1863 ; "David," Aberystwyth, 1865; "Arthur 
y Ford Gron," Chester, 1866 ; " Elias y Thesbiad," Ruthin, 1868 ; 
" Gruft'ydd ap Cynan," Wrexham, 1888 ; and " loan y Disgybl 
Anwyl," Llanelly, 189.5. A selection of his poems, under the title, 
" Gemau Llwyfo,'' appeared in 1868 (Liverpool : T. Hughes). His 
elegy on " Golyddan " appears in Yr Eisteddfod, vol. 2, p. 69 ; and his 
poem on " David " in the same volume, at p. 281. He also wrote 
several novels, among them " Cydymaith yr Herwheliwr " (The 
Poacher's Companion), and " Llewelyn Parry, neu y Meddwyn 
Diwygiedig" (Llewelyn Parry, or the Reformed Drunkard.) He died 
at Rhyl, and was buried at Carnarvon, where a monument has been 
erected to his memory. (C. tk D. Herald; Y Geninen, 1901, p. 161.) 
See Cardiff Catalogue ; Y Geninen, March, 1902, p. 48 ; Ibid, 1893, 
p. 132 ; Ihid, 1907, p. 241. 

Lewis, Mary, 1784-1864, better known by her maiden name of 
Mary Jones, deserves to have her memory preserved for the important, 
if humble, part she took in the founding of the great work of the 
British and Foreign Bible Society. The story is thus told on her grave- 
stone in the little churchyard at Bryncrug, in Merionethshire : "Mary, 
widow of Thomas Lewis, weaver, Bryncrug, who died Dee. 28, 1864, 
aged 82 ; this tomljstone was ei'ected by contributions of the Calvinistic 
M(^thoilists in the district, and other friends, in respect to her memory 
as the Welsh girl Mary Jones, who walked from Aliergynolwyn to Bala 
in the year 1800, when 16 years of age, fco procure a Bible of the Rev. 


Thos. Charles, B.A., a circumstance which led to the establishment of 
the British und Foreign Bible Society." The distance between the :wo 
towns referred to is 25 miles. {The Slorij of Mary Jones and hr 
Bible, 1888.) See The Bihle in Wales (London : Henry Sotherau and 
Co., IDtli;). 

Lewis, Matthew, -1S();5, a native of South Wales, was 

appointed Deputy-Sfcrotary at War, and for twenty-eight years, in 
times cif pLTil, he retained his position, and was the faithful guide and 
aid of many successive War Ministers. Originally appointed by Lord 
Ba;-rington in 177.'), he served under the Rt. Hon. Charles Jenkinson, 
Thomas Townshend, Sir George Yonge, Rt. Hon. Richard Fitzpatrick, 
Rt. Hon. William Windham, and tlie Rt. Hon. Charles Yorke, and only 
resigned on account of his increasing age and infirmities, in August 
1803, wlien liis long services were rewarded with a pension. He died 
soon afterwards, leaving a son, Matthew Gregory Lewis, who became 
known as the author of a work called "The Monk" (1775-1818, see 
pist). {The Red Dragon.) 

Lewis, Matthew, about 1817-1860, a Congregational minister 
and essayist, was born at Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire. He was a 
weaver by trade, but attracted attention by his gifts as a speaker, and 
was induced to enter the ministry. After a few years residence in 
Anglesey in the doulile capacity of a schoolmaster and pastor of a small 
church, he removed to Bangor, and soon gained a hi