(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "English and Cantonese dictionary"





ENGLISH AND CANTONESE 

DICTIOINT^RY 






n ^ ^ ^ 




ENGLISH AND CANTONESE 



DICTIONARY 



BY 



JOHN CHALMERS, LL.D. 



SEVENTH EDITION. 



REVISED AND ENLARGED BY T. K. DEALY, QUEEN'S COLLEGE, HONGKONG.) 



HONGKONG: 
KELLY & WALSH, Ltd. 

SHANGHAI-SINGAPORE-YOKOHAMA. 
1 907. 



OABPENTIER 



Hfilidcrvd in acrordavre u-ith flic prorixiinix of Ordinonrr Ao. 10 of 
ISSS. at the Office of the lirgiatrar General, HongUoiuj. 



iQon 



PREFACE TO THE SEVENTH EDITION. 



The preparation of this edition of the late Dr. Chalmers' 
EiiijU^h Olid Cantiine><i- Diiiioiuirii has c-ngrossed the 
whole of my limited leisure during the past three years. 
The labour entailed has lieen pecnliaily fascinatint:. and 
with special signiticance for me, since it was partly under 
the distinguished and safe guidance of Dr. Chalmers that 
I acquired my first quickening insight into the Chinese 
language, script and spoken. I still vividly retain very 
clear recollection of a periodical after-dinnei- meeting 
which I was privileged to attend, in the middle eighties, 
at the former London Mission House, where, round a lamp- 
lighted table, under the personal presidency of the then 
venerable head of the London IMission. sat the late Dr. Faber, 
^[r. J. H. Stewart Lockhart (now His Honour the Com- 
missioner for "Wei-hai-wei), ilr. (now Dr. (i. H. Bateson 
Wright Head Master of Queen's College, 3ilr. Addys of the 
Hongkong and Shanghai Bank, the late Mr. A. Falconer 
Second blaster of the old Government Central School, and 
others, eagerly discussing, assiduously comparing, commenting 
on, and revising, translations of portions of a minor 
Chinese classic made, since the previous session, by individual 



hH'2ZZQ 



11 

members of the class. 1 hence regard it as a distinct 
honour to have been entrusted with the making and launch- 
ing of a new edition of this dictionary, which, v.hen first 
issued, was one of the earliest first-fruits of Dr. ChainierB' 
arduons and varied labours in the wide field of Sinology. 

I have interfered neither with the original method of 
transliteration — highly praised by so competent and exacting 
a critic as Dr. Eitcl, formerly Inspector of Schools in this 
Colony — nor with the system of tone-marks adopted ; both 
are possibly as effective and useful as any other of several in 
present use. If, in any subsequent edition, it is deemed 
advisable to change the mode of marking the pronunciation, 
such change, I think, should be made on the lines indicated 
in the "reform movement" foi- acquiiing modern languages 
now in active progress among the recognized leaders of 
phonetic reform in Europe; and with which, in Germany, 
Professor Victor ; in France, Monsieur Paul Passy, and 
Mouoieur I'abbc Rousselot — the discoverei' of the system 
of experimental phonetics which, with its remarka])le 
instruments of precision, brings to beai' on the analysis of 
sounds the exactitude of microscopic examination ; and in 
England, Mr. Walter Piippraann, are so closely and 
prominently connected. In which case, it might be found 
necessary to adopt the alphabetic symbols authorized by the 
Association Phonetique IntcrnatioiuiU'. The change implied 
is not so radical as would seem ; the difficulties in the way 
of such an enterprise are not as great as might, at first 
sight, be imagined. There can be no question about a 



HI 

Ciii'eful study of plioiietics beiog essential, both to the correct 
and fluent acquirement ol' any spoken foreign language, and 
bo the checking and settiug right of the mal-pronunciations 
of one's own mother tongue. To all teachers, hut especially 
to such as are engaged in imparting a knowledge of English 
to foreigners, an intelligent grounding in phonetics seems an 
absolute sine qua non. The study of this subject is still in 
its infancy ; but, at least one dictionary, based on phonetic 
principles, is already in existence. 

I have tried to re-model the entire book on Bellow's 
and Beljaraes' admirable French and English Dictionary, 
and accordingly, have placed exemplifying sentences after 
most vocables. Not only have many hundreds of such 
amplifying and illustrative phrases been packed into the 
book, but many extra words, previously ondtted, have been 
inserted, each in its due alphabetic place. Botanical 
expressions embodied in earlier editions, at the suggestion, 
I am told, of Mr. Charles Ford, I.S.O., the Hon. Dr. 
Ho Kai, C.M.G., and the late. Dr. Faber, have been 
retained, and their number extended. Practically the whole 
of the newly incorporated matter is from my own manuscript 
Word and Phrase Books, slowly and gradually brought 
together during an uninterniitted and ardent acquaintance 
with Cantonese covering close upon twenty-three years ; 
which matter has been gleaned, sifted, and garnered from all 
imaginable sources— books classic and vulgar; dictionaries 
and vocabularies ; magazines and pamphlets ; the ephemeral ities 
of daily newspapers, and the many-sided actualities of 
kaieidroscopic street-life. 



IV 

The total increase in this edition is reiirci^cutcd by about 
five hundred of its iwisrcs. It would have been ijuitc easy, 
with the iimiscd niiitei'ial I still have, to iiave made the 
volume even bnlkier. In Dr. Chalmers' life-time, each 
successivt; issue was considerably larger than its immediate 
forerunner. 

I can speak, from frecjuent and grateful experience, of the 
exceptional care taken, nnder the trying circumstances of 
crabbed penmanshij) and tortured interpolations, in the 
composing room of Messrs, Kelly and Walsh, during 
the unavoidably long drawn out period of rc-printing. I also 
desire to acknowledge a deep debt of obligation to the hue 
Mr. Tsang Chung, who, up to the time of his death, was 
Second Chinese Assistant Master at (Queen's College, for 
careful aid, cheerfully given to revision of proofs. 



T. KIRK.MAX DEALY. 



Qufifn.s College. 

June .Sth, 1907. 






NOTE TO THE FOURTH EDITION. 



This edition of the Cantonese Diotionarv has been carelnlly 
revised throughout : and fully one tljird has been added 
to its size. 

The common characters (^ 'm, 1^ he,\ and y^ mo', 
which are unauthorized and local, have been in most cases 
replaced by their classic equivalents, ^, "^^ and 4Bk while 
the colloquial sounds have been retained. 

Expressions wholly put in parentheses are not colIo(|uiaI- 
but single syllables in parentheses are more colloquial forms 
of those that they immediately follow. Thus, under "About" 
will be found "fc«w./?^-kan' (/c'«;i');" where "■ fseuag-k'-an''''' 
is the more colloquial. 

Adjectives may be formed at pleasure by adding- "/ti?^" 
to nouns and verbs. 

Verbs may also be of con formed by placing '■'I'lmxif'''' or 
"tso'"' before adjectives, as "cAg^^/y'-paak," "to whiten." 



NOTE TO THE FIFTH EDITION 



This edition of the Cantonese Dictionary is in no 
important respect different from the last. Errors and 
inaccuracies have been corrected where noticed. 

It has lately been pointed out* by E. H. Parker, Esq. 
of H.B.M. Consular Service that there are nommally 
eighteen, and fvadkaJhj twelve tones, in the spoken 
language of Canton. Some of the extra tones are what I have 
referred in to previous editions as variations. One of them 
is the "middle entering tore," introduced by Dr. Eitel into 
his forthcoming Dictionary. That the distinctions exist, 
and that they greatly increase the difficulty of the dialect, 
I have no doubt ; but while they are still snh jmlic(\ being 
in many cases of such a refined nature that only the most 
delicate ear can detect them, it would be premature to 
attempt introducing them systematically into a work for 
beginners. Having heard the opinion of a judge in this 
case, we must wait for the verdict of a jury. Meantime 
the opinion is very valuable; and I recommend it to the 
attention of all careful students of the dialect and of all 
who wish to speak it with perfect accuracy as heard in 
Canton City. In the country, probably, a different class of 
variations might bo discovered, or none at all. 

,T. C. 
Canton, \Wi Becemler, 1878. 

* Joural of the N. C. B. of Royal Asiatic Society. 



RULES FOR PRONOUNCING THE CHINESE. 



1. 111 tills Dictionary the Ciiiiiese tones are distinguished 
fi'om one another by mciins of two accents, and two kinds 
of type, Italic and Roman. Syllables printed in Italics 
must be pronounced on a key higher, always by a fourth, 
and sometimes by a sixth of the scale, than the correspond- 
ing ones in Koman letters. 

2. Syllables which have no accent over them ought to 
be pronounced, whether they be on a high or on a low key, 
in the same easy and natural manner in which we speak 
oar own language. E.g.^ in the sentence " Do it no>i','''' tlic 
italicized word will most likely be uttered in the same tone 
as the Canton collo(|uial word for "anger,'" — nau. 

3. If a syllable has the acute accent (') over it, there 
must be a forcible raising of the pitch of the voice in the 
act of enunciating it. In asking the fjuestion "Shall I do 
it-?w/r?" the voice rises in a somewhat similar manner, and 
the tone of the Chinese word nau\ "to twist" would be 
tjuite appropriate for the italicized notr in this ease. 

4. The grave acent (') indicates a vanishing note 
which neither rises nor falls in pitch, and might be fitly 
termed the drawling or pleading tone. It is occasionally 
heard in such a phrase as "Xow, do be quiet." 

5. Words ending in k, //, /, and are considered by the 
Chinese as differing only in tone fiuiii those ending in ny, m, 
and n. But they are sufficiently distinguished by the spell- 
ing, and need no other mark. 



6. The system of spelling here used is adapfceil from 
lliab of Dr. Willaiiiis' Tunic Dictionary, only dispensing with 
his diacritic marks for the sake of convenience in writing, 
and printing, and, it is hoped, also in using the Dictionary. 
The vowels arc to he pronounced as follows : — 

((((, and a final, as in fa/her. 

a, not final, as in vompany. 

<\ as in they. 

i, as in machine, but before ny and /;:, as in kiug, 

0, final, as in }io, and not final, as in hop. 

oh, as in horn. 

i), as in Gofhe. 

00, as in schooL 

i(, as in fan, (interchanged with short a). 

nil, nearly as in bull. 

iir, as /* in Trilbner. 

ai, as y in fly. 

aaif as a with ea in far-reaching. 

iia, as oiv in now. 

aau, as a with u in far-ruUng. 

eu, as eyo in beyond. 

in, as ee with ov in set' ymi. 

oi, as og in boy. 

id, nearly as in Louis. 

ooij as in cooing. 

sze, or sz' is a mere buzz, the vowel being scarcely heard. 

7. According to the above method of distinguishing 
the eight tones, they will stand thus : — 

u'un wun' tcim^ icui wun wun' wun' Avut. 



It is well to keep in mind timt the 5th and Cth 
of those ione3 take the aspirate (') whenever the initial 
admits of it. while the 7th never takes it. Tims we 
have "ch'ne, cline', ch'ne': p'o, po', po\" vtc : but not 
"chue, chue', ch'ue'; po, po', p'o\" S:c. 

It is also a rule with some exceptions, that syllables 
beginning with /, //^ or n. are in the lower tones. 

In colloquial discourse many common words, when 
they end clauses or sentences, are pronounced with a rising 
tone which does not properly belong to them. Thus the 
sun is called "it-t'au'," a Buddhist priest •• woh-sheung'," tVc. 
Other words in wculiar positions have u variation of tone, 
as "///;»*"' to sleep which is pronounced '\fuii'''' when used 
alone to denote that a person is asleep. 



IV ENGLISH AND CANTONESE DICTIONARY. 

The use of short n in many cases where the other Dictionaries 
have short a is to prevent a habit which English learners are very- 
liable to get into of pronouncing, for example, ^q ' mun,' people, 
exactly the same as the English word ' man ' ; '^ ' Fut,' Buddha, 
the same as the English word ' fat.' &c. The broader Scotch a 
is little nearer the Cantonese, but ^p is in any case jiot'fan' 
but ' fun,' 



The double // is a little different from double o. ' Kau-loon ' 
should be written Kau-luung, the second syllable being indeed 
quite different from the English ' lung,' yet not by any means the 
same as the Scotch ' loon.' 

Words ending in ite (ii) often vary in Canton sons to be not 
distinguishable from words ending in iti, but it is an exaggeration 
to make •^- ^liue rhyme with "W^ ^s/nti. 

The only vowel used with a diacritical mark is d ; and it is 
of rare occurrence. I cannot accept, even on the authority of 
Mr. Parker, this vowel as a substitute for eu in sheung, shejiliy &c. 
There is some truth in the suggestion, but if sJiemig gives too 
much of a diphthong, x/iihig gives too little. Considering that 
BR long SiTid. ^^ Icung rhyme with each other in the universal 
language of China, it would seem almost better to write the 
Cantonese sounds long and leong, than to introduce the peculiar 
c, which, after all, does not represent the Cantonese perfectly. 
However, students may take Mr. Ball's >^liong, long, &c. as a 
warning not to exaggerate the diphthong. 

TJie S Tones. — There are only eight regular tones in the 
Chinese language, and even these are not all found in many 
dialects. The upper series of tones is printed in Italics, and the 
lower series in Roman letters. Syllables printed in Italics 
must always be pronounced on a higher key than the others. 
(i) Syllables without any tonal mark are in the 'even' tone. 



DIRECTIONS. 



(2) Those with a tonal mark ( ^ ) on the upper left corner arc in the 
* rising ' tone. (3) Those with a tonal mark ( ' ) or» the upper right 
corner are in the ' going ' tone. (4) And word ending in k, p, or /, 
are in the 'abrupt' tone; that is to say, they end in a close consonant 
which cannot be sung out. It seems to me that the first tone 
might more properly be called the 'natural' and the third the 
'even' tone; for the third or 'going' tone resembles a note of 
music which continues at the same pitch. It begins rather lower 
than the first, but docs not drop at all. 

The following is an example of the eight tones applied to 
what the Chinese regard as one syllable (/being only a modifica- 
tion of ;/ V — 



UPPER SERIES. 

Williams. 



LOWER SERIES. 

Williams. 



^ eron 

h vising- 

7^ abrupt 



iS 






c 

U'Ut 



wan 
wan 
Avan' 
■wat. 



won 
"wnn 

WUIl 

wut 



wan 



3 



-wan 
wan" 
wat. 



Additional Tones: — We are indebted to Mr. E. H. Parker for 
first calling attention to otiier tones, besides the above eight, 
which occur in Canton Colloquial. 

First, there are three even tones instead of two, the upper- 
most one being a sort of cry. A typical case is a'niiaii, a cat, the 
name beine an imitation of its cry. These upperiiiosi even tones 
are distinguished in this Edition of the Cantonese Dictionary by 
a tonal mark on the lower left corner of the syllable in addition 
to its being printed in Italics. I have been guided entirely by a 
Cantonese Teacher in this and the following distinctions of tones. 

Second, there are three abrupt tones instead of two, the 
middle one being about as much lower than the one above as 
the upper 'going' tone is lower than the upper 'even.' This- 



VI ENGLISH AND CANTONI-SE DICTIONARY. 

lowering of the upper fourth tone takes phice almost invariably 
in connection with long or broad vowels. The first tonal exercise 
familiar to most beginners affords an example of it — 

Sin \^m Siti^ SiC. 

The / being long (= re) the fourth tone follows the cadence 
of the third; so that this middle fourth tone is appropriately 
marked like the third. What is probably the normal upper fourth 
tone is heard where the vowel is short, as in — 

Sinff Sing Sinff Silc. 

Third, all the tones, except perhaps the upper even and the 
upper abrupt, arc liable to be changed into an cxnggcralcd rising 
tono; the initial letter always following the proper tone of the 
word, and the raising of the voice commencing from that pitch 
whatever it may be. This exaggerated rising tone is indicated 
by an asterisk on the upper lelt side of the syllable. For example, 

the character ^j^ (near) has three pronunciations according to 
the shades of meaning, kan^, ^k'an, and *kan'>. The last is to 
commence like the first and has no aspirate ( ' ) but it rises even 
more than the second. 

It is well to keep in mind that the lower even and the lower 
rising tones always take the aspirate after c/i, k, p, t, and Ix, 
while the lower 'going' tone never takes it, and the lower abrupt 
tone seldom. There is some little help in this to a foreigner in 
distinguishing so many tones. 

More than nine-tenths of the characters given as equivalents 
of English words in this Dictionary will answer equally well for 
the general language of China; and I have thought it well with 
this in view to substitute authorized characters for pS- "m, 
V&^ ke "^^X mo, 11^ lai, &c. in many cases while retaining 
the colloquial sounds. It seems a little absurd to write ^^ for 
"* lai,' to come, when the proper character -^K; ' loi ' is pronounced 



DIRECTIONS. VI I 

"lai ' in other dialects. This sort of thing, like the multiplication 
of 'easy wenli ' versions of the Scriptures, will in the end only 
multiply difficulties. 

This Dictionary was from the first intended for English people 
rather than Chinese, and those who consult it are requested, if 
they fail to find any particular English word, to look for a 
synonym or an approximate synonym; and to learn to form parts 
of speech themselves from the material given, thus : — 

Adjectives may be formed at pleasure by adding Ice^ to nouns 
and verbs. 

Verbs may often be formed by placing ^ching or tso' before 
adjectives, as '"iV/zw^-paak, to whiten. 

Sometimes an alternative pronunciation of a syllable is given 
in parentheses which will generally be found equally or more 
colloquial. For example, under 'Adjoin,' foo''-kan^(^k'an), is an 
abbreviated way of saying, foo'-kan^*, £>;' foo''-'^k'an. 

J. C. 

Hongkong, 28th March, 1891. 



AN 

ENGLISH AND CANTONESE 
DICTIONARV. 



:-^i:c^- 



A, an, (one) — ijat. [The 
numerals or classifiers are 
given after (a) or (an) nndcr 
different nouns. The most 
common of all numerals is 

^ icoh' as — 1@A y^^- 

Jcoh'^-jan, " one man " or 
" a man," but where other 
numerals are given they must 
be used in connection with ' 
theclassesof nouns to which 
thej respectively belong, as i 
— "^^ y«^-f/?e^ -sliaiH', I 
" a beast," —-j^^ yat- 
t'iu-*ue, " a fish."] 
Abacus, MJ^ ^^'■^'^ -p'oon, 

(an), — 1@gffi y«^ 
Ico -siiea -p'oon. 



Abaft, f^ ^ ^ htumj- 

shuen- mi. 
Abandon, f^^^ slie-hi . 
Abate. ?)^^ Irrnrm- s/>ii/. 
Abbey, (Bud.) '^ ^ Kut- 
*tsze', (an) — f^'^# 
yat-7i:fw//-Fut-*tsze , (Tau.) 
To -J:oo/) , (Rom.) 
^, sau-to -*uen . 



Abbot, (Bud.) '^^ fonr/- 
cheung', (an) — fe>^5t 
i/af-wsLi -fo»y-cheimg^, (Tan) 
J^" •^ To - rjieunfi. 

Abbreviate, J^ ^ ''/caam- 
ttien. 

Abbreviation, (in writing) 
^^ haam-}mt. 

Abet, ^QJJ 7'0/i^-choh , 

Abhor, f^*]^ tsang-iin 



ft t ' 

' » ' ' ; 



ABO 



ABU 



Abide, '^^ chue -sliat, -^ 

P^ chue - ha, jji^^ noi . 
Al)ility, 7j"f I ts'oi-nano:, ;^ 

ivdug-kohn. 
Abjure, ^^ j^ ^ ''shai - 

iien''-tsiiet. 
Able, g^ nang, -^ ooi. 
Aboard, ^ i|6 Jl tsoi'- 

shuen-sheung\ I 



Abolish, ^^ ,/'" -ch'ue. 
Abominable, ^^,^\^paaJc- 

lca-tsan(j. 
Aboiiiisuitc, ^'1*^ clii -isuitij 
Aborigines, J^^ /'o-yan, 

(of China) "j^^Hp Min-V.sse. 
Abortion, ^^p i^w/^ -t'ol >J\ 



in-^cli'-aaiK 



m^ rh^ 



ue 



Aljound, ^1 

^A'2<e -too-toli, ^J^fiimHj- 
shing . 

About, (round-) ^§ ^'^-'^'^z- 
wai, (more or less) h T* 
slieuug^-*ha^ ^J^ ^tsoli- 
yau , (about to) ''^ "' 



fsewig-^kd.n (concerning) 
luun . 



Above, Y slu'ung . 
Abreast, ^^ pi'ig -kin,—* 

jfy yat-p-anli'. 
Abridire, '^M, f^dan-lmk, 

^ ^H ^ r/^ //?//- /i;afl';z- 

leuk. 
Abroad, ^[» ngoi . 
Abrogate, j^ /''•// . 
Abrupt, ^jlj^ tat-ngat. 
Abruptly, ^^ tat-in. 
Abscess, 1^ ^ nuung- 

Abscond, ^ ^ Vo//-pi\ 
(with money) ^Q ^'/i. 



C, . C . - 3 
/W- liii-O- /'(■/ . 



Absent, /^'^E 'm-tsoi . 
Absolutely, ij/^*^ pit-txwg . 
Absolve, ^ xhe . 
Absorb, ^^-^ sZ/a/^ -A?^e . 
Abstain from, -^ /^"r^rt* . 
Abstracted, ]^ ^ *mong- 

yin?' M A JF^ ^sez<w^- 
yup-shan. 
Abstruse, *^^ sJn/m-o\ 



Absurd, ^yfi'^^ ??<m 



'm-hop-'li, igftB ^an'- 

cheung . 
Abundant, ^^ fuvng-ioxy . 



ACC 



ACQ 



Abuse, (fcliinijs) §[ f^ Incn - 
yiuing , (people) m ^h - 
nia, ^B| ^. ts'aan-lioi. 

Abyss, '^ *^ shum-um. 

Acacia, ^ jS /r;/»?-fiiun2r , 
S v& ^ S'''i'iff-sik-f(f- 

Accept, ij^ 1^,1^ .s7/r///-iiaap. 

Access, j^ a ^ '/■''!"- 
k'an-lo • 

Accidental, ^ ^[» / -ngoi 
^ ^ Sigau-in. 

Acclamation. ^ ^ P^ 7^ 
t&^a.\-she/i:j-//(iJ/f- ts'-ni 

Acclimated, J[]J^ ^ ^f;;^ fuuk- 



shui- Po. 



Acclivity, ^ :^ ta'e-poh. 

Accommodate, ^^ 1^, 

ts'uimg * pin , '^ /. 



Accompany, |^ j^ t'uung- 

maai, ^ jrooi. 
Accomplice, if^ ^^ tsiuing - 

* f aan '. 
Accomplish, tj& sliiDg, 
Accord, j^^ ^l^p smng-v^oh. 
According to, |jp^ '^ f//n< -/. 
Accordingly, R^ g^ V<;fl??i- 

tsau . 



Account, (money) ||J| Q .s7«o - 
mnnk.^ g r/teiaif/ -munk. 

Accountable, ;^Pi^ ,slii -jnuu . 
Accountant, 5]^^ ckeung- 

*kwai\ 
Accumulate, 

maai. 
Accumulation, 



j^ tsaap- 






iv.o-f.ro h . 

5 



ch'unng-ch'uung-tip-tip 
Accurate, ^^ 
Accusation, -^ J|^ Z:o 

*chong . 
Accuse. -^ /ro , (a superior) 

Accustomed, fW^ licaaii - 

shuuk. 
Ache, i|S V-uun(j . 
Achieve, J^^ shing-tsau . 
Achievement, J|^Xf| shing- 

Icuung. 
Acid, p[^ SUCH. 
Acknowledge, |jg ying . 
Acorn, ^^ shek-luut. 
Acquaintance, 

s// ?■/;:, TJ'ja^l sfung-shik 
Acquire, ^^1 f^^^- io, 

wok. 



Vtwk shuuk- 



ADD 



ADM 



Acquit, ^ 

mo-lsui'. 
Acvii, (Chinese) 
. = 1 Eug.). 
Acrid, ^ laat. 



c. c 
1- mo- 

slaiin- 



inan (0^ 



Across, -^ wasing, i"^ kivolL 



x\ct, ■^ iao , ^ liaiig, 
^^ tso -sze -koliit . 

Acting officer, ^? -[^ cli'ue 
yum . 

Actions ^"^ hang-wai. 

Action-at-la\v,g^^ tsnnng - 
ts'ze. 

Actionable, pT ^^^ lioU- 



- *^ 

Ico -faat . 

Active, -^ '^ shau-faai . 

7^^^ oot-tnnng . 
Actor, (play-) ^'^'/'i - tsze. 
Acute, 4^ ^ ^S2"m-yui , 

(clever) -^f^^lj ling-li\ 
Adam's apple, P^|^ hau- 

laam. 
Adapt, ^ hop. 
Add, Jn /rr, j^ /'/«?. 
Addict to ^^ rliuen-mo . 
Addition (the rule of), jf||| 

^ la-faat\ 



Addled, Jjg Svoh. 

Address, (a person) ^ P^ 
(■h'hni-jiio, (a lettci') ^^ 
& '.v^'-,svj////'-p'i, (a-i) /(g 
j3^ *///^// -p'i. 

Adept, ^^ lo- 6"//(^?c'. 
Adequate, ^^ Icaa-^shai, 

B^^ iiang-/OT<< . 
Adlu're, ^£^ nim-^';^'/i ^ 

Adhesive, f^ r//.'/. 

Adieu, j^ ^ Vi(^-hung, gg 

j>5^^^'^ uiong -'ai-V/«- 

lol. 
Adjoin, j^ J^ foo -kan^ 

('k'an). 
Adjourn, fj^ ///?//'-k'i, p 

W' ff W ^'"'/-^^'^-isoi'- 

ooi 
Adjust, ^ ^ cA<7i_^-ts'ai, 

"fei^ ^ — ' ^^o'-Jmrii-i/at. 
Adjutant, ^ ^ /oo -tseung , 

•^ 6^ liip-t'oi. 

<ti^v. "^M >^ ''isuung- 



Adniinister, ^j^ 

c, 
koon. 

Admiral, ^JC^S^'H' '^''"'*" 
sze-i'-Qi-tuulc. 



ADU 



AFF 



tsaan -sin . 
ni(e-ffitu» , 



Admire, ^ 
Admit, g^ 

wan-V/i«z/n. 



Admonish, 

kaai . 
Ado, 



6ze -kohn . 



h u.fn 



sze -tso , s^ ^ 



I -^ laap- 
^ laap- 



Adopt a son, 
1 - tsze, _iL 
ming-ling. 

A.dopted, (personally) ^^ 
Z:'fli , (father, mother) ^3 
Jg. ^^ it-ai -je, /:Y/i'- 
""nrt, (by a second marriage) 



Adore, .^^ shuung-;;af/i . 
Adorn, ^ ^ mun-s/^/A-, ^^ 
0^ cJiing-shik. 

Adroit, ^ ^j^ shin -tsing. 
Adult, ^ ^ ]^ ^ clieung- 

taai -shing-yan, ^ ^ 

taai -van. 

Adulterate, flg || jg ^ 

^fl2/-tsaap- ka-fuh . 

Adultery, ^ y^ A'aan-yum. 



Advance, -Jl^ /,':7/?/n , (money) 

51 :5t ^ ffl "e^sm- 

kaau-c/i'in/f, "4^ rhi, (goods 

on credit) ^i she. 
Advantage, ^ yeng, g ijik. 
Adventure, ^ |^ hang- Atm. 
Adversary, ^^i* ^ tin -t'au, 

it I®: ^^/-/-tik. 

Adverse, ^ huung, ^ ^ 
;;rt^hang', igj yik, ngaak, 
Jg chai'. 

Advert to, j^ ^ t'ai-'^ji. 

Advertise, iS ^ Puung-po , 



-^ ;;o^-Z-? , (by posting 
bills) 1,5 ^ tS Vi^-^kaai- 
^chiii. 
Advisable, ^ "^ ^ hop- 

Advise, ^ //?/?« . 
Advocate, to, >|^ gK; toi -so . 
Adze, ^^ j;ort?i. 
Aeolian Harp, P|p] ^ heung- 

kuung. 
Aeolus, JSt J^ /?/?//?^-shan. 
Affable, ^;|^|^ ho-seung- 

ue. 
Affair, ^ ]^ sze -kohn. 



AFT 



AGO 



Affect,^ kom, (coucern) 

Jciraan. 
Affectation, WM 



diing-seng-cha -leng . 



Affectionate, 



1^ 



ts'ing. 



slnim- 



'an. 



Affiance, ^ ^ ting -ts^c 
Affinity, ^@ ^ yan-U'an. 
Affirm, fj ^ wa -hai . 
Afflict, ^ ^ moll-///. 
Afflictions, )J^ ^ /'«///»7/ - 

ch^oh. 
Affluent, ^ ^ /'/.7/;7-7-sl)iiig'. 
Afford, >fih U luun.g-¥vp. 



(can) Jp(f5^ maai-tofe- 

Affront, y)^ :m ch'uung- 

clioug , ;^ yank. 
Afloat, ^ fan. 
Afore-said, flgfjl^J^/^oA'- 

^//c-ts'in-in, _£ ^ JiJf ^ 
sheung -nnm-^shoh- kong. 

Afraid, '^ '|^ ^huwig-jfa. 

After, ^ hau 



After-birth, i^\ liau -*yan, 

Afternoon, ~p -^ ha - ng, 
aa/i -c/wM -hau . 



Afterwards, ^^ :^ in-hivu , 
^^ Sn;-hau^ ^^ 
hau -loi. 

Again, ^ ^ tsoi -fuuk, ^ 



yau -.s/^^ . 



Against, j^ J^ seung-yaan, 

^ yik, g^ or fl^ ngaak, 

(over-) ^^ fiii -min , (to 

r\xh)-^^^^k'tvaang -ts^an. 

^gate, ^B| ^ ^ma- W 

Age, ^ ^^ nin- ki, (what is 

yonr ?) ^ f5j ^ S^ ^ 

ani- xnu-'^Jci-toh'Sid ?(or 

politely) ^ ^ |l/|^ /i:?6'«t - 

kang-ni7; (the) -[y^ s7ia? . 
^ged, jg ^ Z:o-shau', ;^ 

T|^ lo-* taai . 
Agent, f^lSy^ toi'-paan'- 

yan. 

ching-kang -kwaan-haX , ^^ 
^^ ching- ch'uung. 

Aggressor, ^t T* ^ ^"^" ^^" 
'sJiait, -^^ \ sin- 
kinmg-ysin. 

Agitate, ^ ||^ ?/?/;/^-tuung . 

Agitated, |^ ^^ p'ong-wong. 

Ago, "gf ts'in. 



A I II 



ALL 



Agony, ^^ /oo-kik. 

Agreeablf, jjM;!^ itmn-woh, 
(willinjr) ^^ foo;i-^/u\ 
(to one's liking; '^j\u)>!fC 
hop-s?<»i- shui. 

Agreement, ^ l/^>'^^\ ^^ 
hop-t'uung, ^ ^'xj tai'- 
yeuk . 

Agriculture, ^ ^ Tcang- 
chuung , ^-^ luuing-sze'. 

Aerronnd. 4S j^ kolc-'^ts'in, 



Ague. IJi^^ .Aa^'-'iaang- 

peng'. 
Ah : D|| Haai I Ha ! 
Aha! pgjgg //r/-Ff^/ 
Ahead, ^]^|]^ tsoi -ts'iu- 

t'au (to go) If -^ ts'in- 

Ahoy I Ij^ Wai ! 
Aid, ^^ /;o^i//-choh\ 
Aide-de-camp, ^^ ''sJiaii- 

pi^ 

Aim, [nj ('^ /iei^/?^ - chuun. 
Air, ^ A^'. 

Air, to,^ g^ long', gg^ 
long - shong. 



Air-p!ant. ^^ ^ ////-laan. 
Aii'y- ^^ I'liiiz-V/'^'/y. 
Alarm, ^ ^ <h'in-l:ing^ 
(arouse) -j^g^ ' kin g-*^ sing. 
Alarm-clock, ^ 4*^ naau'- 



chmiug. 

Alas : l^5f .-ly^/'-y^ / 

Ale-house. ^^ jj \'sait-tim\ 

Alert, ^^\j> ktrnav-f^nm. 

Aleurias, nuts, 5lt^ ^^^'^■ 
luut. 

Alias, gij ^ pit-*meng. 

Alien, ^^ ^ ^ ngoi - 
ktcok -jHu, "^ijl^j^ 'm- 
5f?w//-shuuk, (fffiiXS^) 
APi^ yan-ti-V. 

Alight, ^ lok. 

Alike. ^iQ'iysf///;^- ts'ze — • 
'^ //^/?'-*yeang , 

Alive, ^;^ ^haang-Qot. 

All, -1^ Av/^//, tH^f 'luung- 



tsuung, ham -pang -lang , 
(^re) fp^ foo-h3i[\ (be- 
fore nouns ; ^ chuung , 
H maan , "g" ^.^a//. 

Ail-along, — '{^ yat-\o . 

Allay, j[t Vi^ 

Allegory, ^^ ue -in. 



ALO 



8 



A MB 



Alliance, 



^^ kit'-ts^an, 



luen-niang. 



Alligator, ^^ ngok-ne. 
Allot, flft^ cMu-fiui, ^ 

JJ^ fun-p^aai . 
Allow, f^ chuun. 
Alloy, (base metal) ^ ^ 

kum-fai, (to), ;f|^ tan. 
Allure, §1 ^ yaii- yan. 
Allusion, ffjg :fg 0/72 - clii. 
Almanac, j^^ t'ming-shne. 

Almighty, % p)x yp, n^ 

xno-^shoh-pat-nang. 
Almond, :^ ^ hang' -yan. 
Almost, ^ y(\ ^ ch^a-pat- 

toh. 
Alms, (to give) Jj^ ^ shi- 

she. 
Aloes, ]^ ^1^ lo-ooi', ^^ ^ 

ch'um-j./i«<«^. 
Alone, ij^ — ■ -j^ tuuk-y«^ 

koh^, 10^:^ A-oo-tuuk. 
Along, (lengthwise) J|^ tim\ 

Ul chik, (with) PI a 

t'uung-maai. 
Alongside, )^ ^^ tsoi'-p'ong, 

(to go) 1^;^ hang-maai. 
Aloud, 3^ ^ taai'-sAen^. 



Already, ^ ^ ts'ang-^//;,^, 

B fi 'i-Zc/".^. 
Also, ^ yik, ^ too, y^ yau\ 
Altar, ^ ^ /"sfrt'-faan, jjj^ 

^^ shan-t'oi. 
Alter, ^JT /to/. 
Alternate, S i@ ^ f^ oo'- 

seung-tai' -io?. 
Alternately, (in succession) |b^ 

^lunn-*lau, (every second 

one) ^ 5^ laam^-la . 
Alternatives, ^ ;§| /^ 

lenng-yeung'-yum'-VOTrtw 
Although, g| ^ s?//-in. 
Altogether, ^&^ tsuiing- 

kuung'. 
Alum, Q ^ paak-faan. 
Always, 0^ tJ^ shi-shi, *^ 

gi sheung-shi. 

Am (I-). $fe # Sigoh-hai\ 

Amaze, ^ ^ A;w/7-cheuk. 

Ambassador, ^ ^ sze^- 
shan, (an) — ■ ^ ^ 
^ ya^wai'-W-shan, (im- 
perial) ^f^ ^& yum-ch^aai. 

Amber, T^ JQ foo-paak . 

Ambitious, ;g ^ ^ chi'- 
hi^-ko. 



ANA 



ANK 



Anibash, '^ ^ fuak-pin//. 
Amend, ^ Jf^ ^kai-ching . 
Amends, (to make) |^ * 

p'ooi- jpo. 
America, ^ ^ ^.l] Jfjfl 
mi-li -h( or ^ ]P[ 

/a A;'? kwok'. 
Amiable, pT ^ hoh-oi. 
Amiss, pS. ^ 'm-cheuk. 
Ammnnitiou, ^ ^ ^ -^ 

foh-yenk-chUiung' -''tsze. 
Among, ^ pb tsoi 

ciniung. 
Amorous, ^ '[^ M-ts'ing. 
Amount, ^ g-|- kuung -/wt . 
Amour, 'j^ ^ ts'ing-t'au. 
Amoy, J^ P^ Ha -moon. 
Ample, ^ "^ kicong-taai . 
Amputate, |||] -^ ^oA^ -/»^e\ 
Amuse, p^ *\j» hoi-sum, 

^Ij /'.^a^-k'ek, (a child) 



turn . 
Amusement, 
sha. 



ifMW 



waau- 



fs'ue 



Amusing 
Analyze. 

Anarchy, ^ 



ch^aat -shat, 



.3 , ) 

taai -men . 



Ancestor, j^ ;5t f-'^o-sin, 
^ 'tso-tmuiuj, -)^ ^ 
taai -ktniiif/. 

Anchor, ^ ^^ /// -naau, ^ 

ting^, (to) i^ /raa^i. 
Anchovy-sauce, ^ ^ ue- 

Ancient, "jir A-oo. 

And, J^ k'afs ^ A'/?/2, ^ 

kuung', ^ yau'. 
Anecdote, (an) — J^jfej^^ 

y«^tuen^-A:w'-sze^. 
Angel, ^ m f'in-sze\ 
Anger, ]^ /if/^^ jg jg han'- 

no\ 
Angle, -^ B^ 7;oi-'-t'au. 
Angle, to ^ ;^ tu(^-*ue. 
Angry, Q ^Jaaf-no', Jg 

jg ;2««-no'. 
Animals. ^^ sAfl'^jy-liog, 

-^ ^ k-ura-s/m2/\ 
Animate, (to) ^ ^ suung- 

'hi. 
Animation, ^jjt^ tsing-^hikM. 
Animosity, ^_g han\ -f^shau. 
Aniseed, "^ § oo'i-Jteimg. 

Ankle, ^JBR# ^^"*'- 
ngaau-XiM'?/^ 



ANT 



10 



AI'E 



Annex. ^^ fsip^ -tmuk, jfjp 

Jca. 
Annihilation, ^ 4!l£ Icirai- 

moo. 
Anniversary, ^ ^ Q :^ 

nin-k'i-yat- ise, (^iiret) 3 

i& /?«"''-niii. 



aaii- lu. 



niooi-nin. 



Annoy, * 

Annual, ^ ^ 

Anoint,- ^ ch'u, ^ yg 

ch'a-yau. 
Anonynions placard, ^ jWb 

Another, 5l)jlS !'it-/^o/r. ^ 

Answer, ^ g faap'-ying', 
IE| ^ oni-t/inii, (suit) ^ 
^^ cheulc- «///,' i. 

Ant, ^g ^iK''i) ('^n) — • <^ 
i^ jjot-chek^- ngai. 

Ante-, :5t ein. ;2: :5t 

chi-sin. 

Antelope, ^ :^ ling-yeung. 

AuteanjB, ^ ^'^ %ung- 

t'iu-50. 
Anti-, ^ yik, §:|- p /^a^ 

miii\ 
Anticipate, Jg^ ue'-Iiu'. 



Antidote, |g^ ^ /--'/('/i-tiiuk. 
Antiquities, "^ .^ Icoo-sze^. 
Antiquity, J^. "A" sheung^- 

''koo. 
Antler, y -^ a-kok\ 
Anus, ^ P^ Iron f/-mooii, 



(VULCI 



'shi-Jut. 



Anvil, @ ^jl^ :-iP-/Ju/;n. 
Anxious, J^jd^^Y^"!^ /oV- 

swn-])al-[vd\ Jj^l iij^ kiciV'- 

sion, (for) jS^ nut. 
Any,fiai^^flmo-lnun^- 

^pin-koh\ Jh^ ^ mat-'^je, 

(some) ^^ /</r. 
Anywhere ^^ 1^ pi}i-ch''ue , 

^(?- ho. 
Apart, gflggg^ !i-/to»-///t, 

Apartment, j^ * fong, (an) 

Apathy, ^ ^ ij mo- 



Ajom-tuuner . 



Ape, ^l |g \n^-lau. 
Aperient, @ 'J^ ^ /^/"i?- 

se -yeuk. 
Aperture, ^ ^ huung- 

ch^ue , pj A /e/, ^ luung. 



APP 



11 



ARB 



Apex, ^ ]g iin-^ting, ^ 

J^ /.si/n- c/i'we . 
Apiece, i^ — ■'jQ mooi-ya^ 

Apologize, ^1^ ^kaai-sliuet', 
bhuei^-hoi. 



p'ooi- lai. 

Apoplexy, |S ^ Pf? M 
no-huei'-chuwvj-fuung, J|^ 

chuung-fuimg,- 
Apostatize, ^.^/?ooi'-A:f/«i<'. 
Apostle, '^ :^ 52e^-t'o. 
Apparatus, j^ f^^ ka-yoh, 

^ J^ /^/'-kue\ (complete 

set) — SB S is^ 2/^^ 

foo^-ying^-tong^. 
Apparel, :^ ^ t-fuuk 
xVpparition, i 

i^ ^ /r;r«a.''-mat. 
Appeal, :|^ ^ liming -ko^^ 

_J2, ^ ihaww^ -huung^ . 
Appear, HJ ^§ ch^uut- hin. 



^jfc hin-tsik. 



Appearance, ^^ maau . 
Appease, ^ ^ sik-hi". 
Appeased, ^ ^1^ p'ing-srX*. 
Appendix, i]^ ^ "^^^o-wai. 
Appetite, S [H wai^- Aaz/. 



Applaud, P^ ^ hoht'-'ts'oi. 
Apple ^ ^ p'ing- A'^ro/j. 
-^PPl}% ^ cheuk, ^ yuung', 

0A ?;yj, (ask, &c.) ^ k'au, 

[n] heung'. 
Appoint, 1^ jLL f/i'i^ -laap. 
Appraise, "f^ ^ ^koo-ka^. 
Apprehend, (seize) ^ ^j 

chiaik^-'^to, (mentally) ^ 

Apprentice, ^ ^ t'o-*tai\ 
Approach, |^ jg tsau'-kan', 

tsau^-*kan', 4(||1 ^ /sej^^y/- 

kan\ 
Appropriate, (take) |g |^ 

shin'-'/5'2<e, (fit) ^ ^ 

hop- s/m/. 
Approve, F)^ ^ chiiung-i\ 
Apricot, :§ * hang'. 
April, :^\!3 M y^ng-sze'- 

net. 
Apron, g m wai-*k'wan. 
Apt to, ■^ ooi. 
Aquiline nose, ^ ^ ^ 

rt/^77-AoA-pi^ 
Arbitrate, ^g|t kiiung-tuen'. 
Arbitrator, ^fn |g woh-t'au, 

pfl ^ chuung-y2in. 



ARM 



12 



ART 



Arbute, ij^ ^ yeung-mooi. 
Arch, M ^kuunff, ^ ;gt 

waan- kuung. 
Archer, ^ -^ fet'/i - s^a?<. 
Architect, "^ ^ taai - 

tseung [in Hongkong, 

Ardent, (hot) ^ it. 

Are, -^ hai , (in) ^ hai. 

Argue, ^ ^ pin'-/o^\ 

Arise, ^ A/. 

Aristocracy, j^h ^ ^hai^-M. 

Arithmetic, M. Jfe swm - 

Arm, (upper-) ^ ^ sAa?<- 

jot , (fore-) -^ ^ ''shau- 

chaii, -^ ^m^ sJiau-hiva, 

(the whole) ]^ ^ /a»- 

P'ong. 

Arm-chair, ^ jj^ /raaw- «". 
Armour, ^ ^ k'-imi-Tcaai) . 
Armoury, W SS ^ A:«<^'an- 

/ii^-*kuuk. 
Arm-pits, gg. ^ Jg /;;««&- 

Zaa/i- tai. 
Arms, ^ g^ ping-ht. 
Army, ^ ^ saam-kivan, 



luuk-Z;i^"an. 



Aromatic, ^: heung. 
Around, ^ ^ cArti/-wai. 
Arouse, ^ sen^, iJ'J' ^ 

ta- seng. 
Arraign, ^ ko . 
Arrange, ^ :^p oAn-p'aai, 
^ ^ 'cAi/;y-ts'ai, |^ j^ 

t'iu-t'ing. 
Arrear, ^ ^ t'oh-him . 
Arrest, ^ chunk . 
Arrive, ^|J to . 
Arrogant, ^^ 

Arrogate, ^ <jr^ t'sm-f\xn\ 
Arrow, ^ /5m\ ''r:ru^^ 
Arsenal, J ^ '^ kwmi- 

hi -*kuuk. 
Arsenic, ^ ^ suun -shek. 

Arson, "j^ *}^ fong - foh. 
Art, ^ ngai^ X © hiung- 



huet - 



kii(-ngo 



iigai 



Artemisia, ^ ngaai 
Artery, JifiL M t 

mak- A:oon. 
Artful, 31^ 3^5 kivaai- haau. 
Article, ^^ kin , 'kin . 
Artifice, =^ ^ kwai-kai . 




ASC 



18 



ASS 



Artificial, ^ ^' >pfe yan- 

shau-tsoJc . 
Artillery, -^ ^ taai -p'aau , 

(-men) ^ ^ p^aau - 

shall. 
Artisan, j^ A tseung -yan, 

-gt X A tso'-A;«///??^-yan. 
Artist, X^ ^ /irta?<-tseung , 

^^raiu''- shau, (painter) 

Artless, ^ ^ lo-tuun , j|j^ 

Tg* shuun-chik. 
As, ^ tl '^^^-'ts'ze, IP ^p 

^si^-ue, 38 ^ "?* y^^^^" 

c/«"-oo. 
Asafoetida, jj^ |^ o/^-ngai . 
Asbestos, ^ jjj^ "^ pat-Jooi- 

muuk. 
Ascend, _^ "^sheung, Jl^ -^ 
sheung-A^/e , ^ sAw?//, ^^ 

/any. 
Ascent, (way of) _|^ :^ '^ 

1^ shell ng-Awe -f/w-lo , Jl^. 

^& sheung-lo . 
Ascertain, ^ ^ ch'a-ming, 

^ ^ ch'a-fAaw. 
Ascetic, ^ ^ saz^-lin . 
Ascribe to, ^ -J- kwai-ue. 



Ashamed, ^^^& kin-sau- 

'ch% ^ Jl pUi-^ch'au. 
Ashes, ^ ^ [fuh-fooi. 
Ashore, P^ ^ Jl '/^'?«- 

ngohu -shenng , (to go) ^ 

j^ shenng-ngobn , 
Aside, "^ '^ tsoi -p'ong, (to 

put) i|^ JH sAa?<-maai. 
Ask, Pt^ mun , (invite) |^ 

'^ts'^eng, (beg for) ji^ k'au. 
Aslant, ^j- ts'e, ('■se . 
Asleep, g(| /'w?/\ 
Asparagus, ~|^ p^ :^ ^;'^■/^- 

moon-/?a/»//, ^ i^ i'ifi- 



luung- 



timng, ^| 

so-ts'-oi . 
Aspect, -M- ^ Icing-shilc, 

maan , -^ -^ hivong- king. 
Asperse, ^^ J^ kong-vi^iia . 
Aspirate, tj^ ^ jf>'///i -hi . 
Aspire, ?{^ J^ ^ s^-z;;?//- 

sheung-/s^/?^« , ^ ^ 

/'rta^^z-taai . 
Ass, ^ *lue, (an) ^ |^ 

f Ae/c'^-Iue, (a great) ^ ^^ 

^|_ taai -pun -tseung , 
Assail, J^ killing. 
Assassin, ^J ^ ts^ze'-haak.^ 



ASS 



14 



AT 



Assault, 'J^ ^ Icuung- ta^ 

(as robbers) ^T W "H" 

^ta-keuk -hcut. 
Assay, ^ ^ Vifraw-im', ^ 

^ ill! -ku'o . 
Assemble, S^ ^ tsue -tsaap. 
Assembly, ■^ 



r '^ooi . 
Assent, ^^ -^ wa -^h inj, yj^ 

Svan. 
Assert, ^ j^ \va'-hai\ _^ 

Mf lik-iii. 
Assess, ^^ ^ '^Jcoo^shm . 
Assets, ^ ^ wai-ip, jg ^ 

wai-'fA'aa//. 
Assisrii, jjL |5^ laap-haaii\ 
/^ haan -tinir , (-to) 
^ ting -kicai. 
Assi7t,^gft;^^;;^-choh',fl^^ 

Jp_^ rAm -A-09 
Assistant, ^ ^^ i -^shau, (in 

government) ^'J /(W . 
Assize, 1^ ;^ ^ Iroon-^i-ka . 
Associate, to, j^ B^ seung- 
^^^' ft 5{$ Vong-loi, (an) 
1^1 -^ t'unng-poon . 

Association, ■^ *ooi. 
Assort, :gp J|J p'aai-Iit, ;^ 
;^ oAn-p'aai. 



/£ 



Assuage, ^ A-aaj. 

Assume, ^ g Vwai, jg 

'l^ ka-tse , (a name) ^ 

i^ mo -* meng. 

Assuming, 1^ Q shin -tsze . 

Assurance, (faith) ^ V^ 
tuuk-suun , (presumption) 






Assure, ^^ ^ taam- po. 
Assuredly, -^ ^ ^kwoh-in. 
Asthma, ^ p|^ fii - di^uen. 
Astonish, ^ ^ Aw?^-cheuk. 
Astonishing, {;f| ^ r/^'z^iff-k'!. 
Astoun(\ ^ ^ tsau - 

(cliaau )-haak^. 

Astray, ^ ^ tong -sy^a^. 

Astringent, jj^ Vl ^ # 
shau-sh ?//;-yeak-liu . 

Astrology, ^ ^» s/n^-hok. 
Astronomy, ^ ^ /'m-mun. 
Asylum, ^ *uen , (for child- 
ren) ^ J^ *^ yuukrj^j>2^- 



*t'ong. 



At, ^ tsoi , p^ '^hai, (-last) 
'4^. :2 tsuut-chi, 5fg 
^aw ~^king. 



4k 



ATT 



15 



A UN 



Atheist, fg ^ fc IS* * 

wa''- mo-sheung' tai'- clif. 
Atlas. ^ [^ ^ ri -Vo-s/iue. 
Atmosjihcre, ^ ^ t'in-hi\ 
Atom, :j^ ^ itii-nioot. 
At once, fp Q^ As-/A:-shi. 
Atone. 1^ Jjg [oi'-sliuuk, -^ 

HJ ^ -.//.rZ-tik-woh, 'gji; 

5J^ g^ t<o^-\vol)-t'!ui. 
Atrocity, ^ %% :^ ^ 

ts*aan- j/an-r hi -s-zc . 
Attacli, gj5 ^^ ^/}j^-kan' 

('k'an) ^ ^ 6fw?(7-lin. 

Attachment. gj5 'Ci) t'ijj'-sum. 
Attack. ^^ :^ kuung-'^ta, -J^ 

^ Luuny-kih. 
Attain. ^^\ t:k'tn. :^^ 

tak-chi , ^ ^ k'aap-c/// . 
Attempt, ^% .-///'-wai, ^* 



j^ "P s/</'-tso'- iia. 



Attend to, -^ y"^ lau-swm, 
(at) ;^ tsoi . (upon) ^ 
^ 8hi'-fuung', jjg ^ 

fuuk-sze , (manage) ^ ^ 

c c,. 
to- h. 

Attendants, jj^3^ kmi-paan. 

Attentive, i^ Mh kirn- tim, 

i^ sai -sum. 



Attest, ^^f. ^if tiiok -citing . 
Attire, ^^ :^ rhong-pnnn 
Attitude, ^ yiiung, ^ 

chong -maau . 
Attorney, ^ gjjj chong'-s2<', 

A^ )K 6r|l '■'^'■■"-'■honir'-53<,^ 

(to act as) 1^ gj-J toi^ 

paan'. 
Attorney Hen era), ^ ^^ 

'^ j5^ ^ A'?wZ' -Zra-luut- 

ching^-szp. 
Attract, j^ ^j '■///'//- van. 
Auburn, ^ ^ hoht^-sliik. 
Auction, (sell by) :f^ 

t'au-maai\ (sale) PJ^ ij^ 

Ji!^ /ifl'flm -ye -Jaang. 
Audacious, ^ ^^ A'zra/^- 

A'ow, ^ p)§ taai'- to^//?. 
Auditor (7 en era!, ^ ^ ^ 

Hnmi-sJio -aze. 
Augment, "jljfl ^ ka-tsanj^ 

August, 15^ A >9 ^'".'J'- 
/^rra^ -uet. 

August, ^ wong. 
Aunt, (paterual) ^ -^ i'oo- 
mo, (maternal) j^ ^ 



c 
1- mo. 



AWA 



16 



BAG 



Auspicious, "^ kat. 

Austere, ^ ^^ kmxk-suuk. 
■Author, i^ ^ tso - chue^ ^^ 
j(^ J^ A chue -tso -chi 
(ke )-yan, -^ ^ ^soA; -^r/. 

Authority, ]^ knien, ;^ ^^ 
k'uen-5/(«f , 1^ ijflS k'ueii- 

Autumn, ^^ ^ ts'-au-Hn. 

Avail one's self of, ^^ ^A'an , 
^ sliinp. ^^ ^ cJran - 
shai , (be of use) Jfe" ^^ 
yau-?///.:. 

Avarice, '^ W[ f'aam-t-i'oi, 



t'aam-hiam. 
Avenge, ^^ ^Jf^ po -ch'au. 
Average, :^ ft 1^ ^^'^''- 



ch'-e-suen 



Averse, ^^pb j^ 'm-chiamg- 
' ' -^ IJK !^ 'm-noi -faan. 

Avoid, ^^ ^i/e^^-Siin, ; 
pi'. 

Avouch, ^ ^ ying -cA«» 
Avow, !§■ ^ chik-wa . 



Await, ^ :^ tang-toi . 
Awake, ^j ^ fun-^seng, 

^seng, (wide-) g ^ sm^ 

tiDg\ 



Aware, ^ ^J f^Z-^o . 
Away, -^ /??<e\ u|f| li. 
Awe, -^ ^ ?rcri'-kue\ 
Awkward, /^ J@ i"so- lo, ^^ 

(P§) A tH: 'm-yup-s/wi''. 

Awl, 1^ rA?//, 7jin. 

Awning, ^ ijj^ che-chew^g ,. 

^ ^ po-cheung\ 
Awry, -^ w?. 
Axe, :^ gg yoo-*t'au. 
Axle, ^k. $fb r////cy/-chuuk. 
^Vv, ^Pg'li=^i'-^'^^'''^'^l^ai\ 
Azalea, ^i^J^^ to -kuen-fa. 
Azure, ^ ^ ts'ong-shik. 

B 



Babble, ^ Ilg lo-ts'o, 
I'J? ts'o- cli'aau. 



Babbler. Pg |I^' P|E A *^^'°- 
'^chU(a7(-ke -van. 

Baby, 5^ |^ ff f/-.S(7-'^5ai. 

Bachelor, ^ Ig mi'-*;'s'2^e . 

Back, (the) "^ pooi\ ^ ^ 

pooi -tsek , (turn-)^ faa7i, 

[BJ ^ ooi-'^chuen, (behind 

3'8) "pt ^ ^ i'"^*'- 



one 



hau -^m. 



BAI 



17 



BAM 



Back-bite, "Sf i^ ^ 

jwoi -hau - ivdi-p'ong . 



Back-bone, 



»M* pooi - 



hau - 



/)»(;* -to . 



tsek -kwut. 
Back-door, 

*moon. 
Backslide, 

Backstitch, ^^ lean . 
Backward, f^j ^ hewu/ -hau , 

j^ ^ ^'"^ '^^^^'^ » (to walk) 

^J fj ^o-hang. 
Bacon (smoked) ffl }§ P^ 

in-chue-yunk. 
Bad, ^ .Z'\ >f; g-- 'ni-V.., 

H 'c/i'a«, p]ij|k sum', ^ 

yai. 
Badge, |g ^ ki'-ho. 
Badger, ■^^ ^^ kau-foon. 
Baffle, • ^ |J^ kang - c/ioh, |^ 

ff^ '@1 pa'ii-po - to, (him) 

^ tS W noi'-^k'ae-hoh. 
Baffled, ^ ^ a ^ 

teng -maai- shau, 



mo'-kai . 



mo 



Bag, dg * toi , |g nong. 
Baggage, fj ^ hang-^li, 
Bail, -PS^ ^poAiag. 
Bait, €B oi • 



Baize, ^ ;^ fJ/l^ ts'o-UaC- 

Bake, i]^ Ay/?7/ , ^ kuuk. 
Balance, (a) ^ 2p /'//j. 

p'ing, (steelyard) Jg ;ft^ 
pa-chHiij , (small do.) ^ 
ij li-*tang', {io)ilS:'t< 
M fflC seung-'tai, ^ ^ 
p'ing-tui', (the) ^J ^ 
Bhing -*ngan. 

Bald, 3fc k/ro)i;/, ^ /!'?<«^, 
(-head) ;3fe^ kwong-t'Au. 

Bale, (a) ^ ;w//?/, (to, water) 
M- l[<. foo'-^shui. 

Ball, (a) ■ ^ k'au, (cannon) 

p^aau -* ma. 
Ballad, ^ it'?/«A-, Aw?^^, (a) 

— • ^ ^ gat-chi-^ye. 
Ballast, ^ ^ rhaak^-* tsoi . 
Balloon, ^ ^ ^ hing-hi- 

k'au. 

Balsam, (flower) ^g ^ :fg 

^chi-kaap-fa, ^ f jlj :J2 
f uung -sin-fa. 

Bamboo, -^ chuuk^ (a) ■^ 

^ t'iu-cA?////:. 



BAN 



18 



BAR 



Bamboo shoots, ^'^ chunlc- 

c 
suun. 

Banana, «b Jsiu. 

Baud, (tie) ^^ taai , (com- 
pany) — • 1^ r/at-tm , — • 
"^^ yat-paan. 

Bandage, (a) g J© cli'in- 
taai ( iaai), (to) |^ cliiu . 

Band-box, ^ ^ Vw-* hop. 

Banditti, ^^ ta'aak-'/wA, 

Bandy-legged, ^[j] g^ kuulc- 



tsze -keuk 



paang 



p'aang 



pi. 
Bane, ^^ tnnk. 
Bang. 53f7J'?/?/»/, 

paang. 
Bangle, ^|g ««/;; . 
Banian, }^ j^ yuung-shue . 
Banish, "^ §f ch'-uung-hwim, 

B5 ^ "^^^^ -kii'un. 
Bank, (of a river) ^ ^ 

hoh-ngohn , J^ ^ Aoi- 

>/«, (for money) ^ ^ 

ngan-* hong. 
Bankrupt, ■^J fj Vo-*hong, 

m iU: 'to-iso\ 



Banner, ^. k'i, (large) ^ 

^^ taai -t'o. 
Bannermtn, j^ "TC k'i-*ha . 
Banquet, y^ j^ /■.sr/z^tsek. 
Banter, gjj |g /ooi-haai. 

Baptism, ^ jjj^ .<6'/- lai. 



- - .- ^ c 
Baptize, J]| ^ s/w- sai, (to 

be baptized; ^ j^ shau - 

*^-^^'' tH ^ "^ling-W 
Bar, (of a do*ir ) f^ ^^ moon- 

shaan, i^ ^^ waang-^ai , 

(of a cage) :^^ j^ waang- 

luung, '•* waaug. 
Barbarous, ^^ uiaan, ^ ^^ 

maan-i. 
Barbel, ^ ^ Z\7-ue. 
Barber, |^|] g^ ^ ^'fli -t'au- 

yan. 
Bare, ^ '/(^A, :^> chHl' , -^ 

/f?ro;?v, (to) ^] mok, ^ 
/'««», i^ ??/e/ , (-faced) 
^mo-lini . 



Bargain, (to) ^ M kong- 



ka , (settle a) ^^ ^ 
^1 kong-iAng -ka -ts'in. 
Bark, (of a tree) jg[ ^ 
shue -p'i. 



%. 



HAS 



19 



BE 



Bark, (to) ^ fai'. 

Bailey. -^ ^ taai -maak, 

(pearl) ^ ^ Vniai. 
Barn, pQ I^ i'\n-^rhonfj. 
Barometer, )^ jg ^\fi(unfj- 

ae-chum. 
Baron, ffi "^ naam-A^g?^' . 

Barque. ^ ;fj^^-. tl US 

leung-r/i/-j>wo;/ -*\vai-sliuen. 
Barrack?. -^ ^ pinf/-fong. 
Barrel, "J^ Jg :(^ veung- 

Barren, (womb) ^ ^ sliek- 

^'oi-(land) )^ -^ tsik'-^Po. 
Barricade, !^|fi| rA'(7/7/:-laan. 
Barrier, ^^haap.'^l^ >- 

chewif/, ^^ ^'/^oA-ngoi'. 
Barrister, 3^ ^ g]jj taai'- 

cliong -sze. 
Barrow, ^ ^ shau-ch'e. 
Barter, ^ ;^ tui^-oon'. 
Base, (bottom) J^ tai, ^ 

/2m, ^ A'/, /^^ Z-f2/Z;\ 
Base, , (mean) ^ |Jjg V't-lau', 

(bad) IB taai. 
Basement, ^'3^ ti'-loo, ^ 

Bashful, *j^ ^ />'a -'^ch-au. 



Basil, (sweet) ^ (jfij^ ^fsze-so. 
Basin, ^ p'oon, (small) i^ 

Basket, -^ 'laaM., ^ loh, 
'l^ /lonc^, hHvaang, ^ /ajt;, 

Bastard, ^ -j^ Ve-Vwi', (in 
abusive language) ^ 'j^ 

Baste clothes, ^ ^ jjg 

naan -/-funk. 
Bastinado, ^ :jgi -^ Va- 

^paan- tsze. 

^^t' ^ jjl ;'-'*■>''?"', (a)— 
'^f^^y^t-chelc -fiJ^shue. 

Bathe, ^ ^ sai-shan. 

Battery, Ijfjj^ ^ ifaau -*t'oi. 

Battle, (a) tTl^T-® 'ta- 
cheung -yat-c\i^xi . 

Bawdj-house, j^^^ cli'-eung- 
*Iiu, c}ievn(f'-'*\\\x. 

Bawl, p^ PJ^ foo-liaam, 

% ivaan. 



Bay, (of the sea) 



Bayonet, ^^;^J ^s'eung- 

t'au-X'/w , 
Be, ^ hai', (be in) (^ 'Aat, 

^ tsoi . 



BEA 



20 



BED 



Beach, y§ )^ hoi-pin. 

Beacon, /((Q ;^ in-tuun. 

Bead, 3^ c/^i/f, (li string of 
beads) — • ^ ^ ya?"- 
ch''ue)t'- thus, (a bead) — 
^tefe ^ yat-nup- chue. 

Beak, |^ Vs?«. 

Beam, (a) ^yj^leung-munk, 
^ K t'in-cban'. 

Beam,(to)^'^/f7a^ -kicon/j. 

Bean, ]^ *tau , (long or 
string) ^ -^ tan -/i:«/c , 
(Frencli) J^ g 7?//i tau , 
^ ^ min^-*tau (sprouts), 
^ ^ nga-/.s'o» . 

Bean-curd, ]Q^ | 

Bear, (carry on the shoulder) 
:^ toam, (between two) ^g 
t'oi, (on the back) ^ W('\ 
(endure) ^ ^ toi-chue , 
^shau ,(achild)^.s//«/;^. 

Bear, (a) — ;^ f ^ A ^^^^ 

chek -huung-*jan. 
Beard, ^ so, 7* JK 

ha -p'a-so. 
Bearer, (chair-) Ij^ dj? t' 

M ^^!^ 'mo 'mi 'ma 

(LiT.)tail-le88hor8es(letter-) 



tau -foo . 



.'01- 



ii^ -jg A ^'iii-suun -yan 
Beast, ^)1| sAaw , (a) — 

Sj^ yat-chek -shau . 
Beat, :}7 to, (up eggs, &c.) 

1^faak\ (defeat) ff ^ 

^fa paai . 
Beau, ^ 5S ^ taai'-rt'- 

Beautiful, ^ 'mi, ^1^ ho- 
tai, 5J? >^ '/w-*yeung , 
^ @ i?i?<-c/?i', ^ icai. 
Beauty, female, ^ s/itVc. 
Beaver, V^ ,1^ /;o/-*loh. 

Becalmed, ^ ^ St '"^''■ 
fuwig-^shai, ^ ^ ^'w?^ - 
fimng. 

Because, ^ ^ yan-wai. 

Beche-de-mer, ^ ;^ Aoi- 
slium. 

Beckon, -^ :^ shaii-chiu^ 

Bjg ngup. 
Become, ]|^ shing, '^ wai, 

^ tso', (to grow) ^ ^ 

sAa«n^-shing. 

Becoming, (fit) ^ 5^ hop- 

Bed, ^ ch'ong, (a) — ' 
^ yat-cheung-ch^ong. 



DECx 



21 



BEL 



Bed-chamber, |^ ^ ngoli - 
fong, gd ^ //^/i'-foiig, 
or *fong. 

Beddinw. J^ji ^ ch*ong-;jW, 

Bee, ^^fiii/Hf/, j^ ^ niut- 

flllOl//. 

Bee-hive, ^ ^g mat-*hiung. 
Beef, '^ [^ iigau-yuuk. 
Beef-steak, 4. [^ |G ngau- 

ynuk-*p'a. 
Beer, ^f^ pe- tmii. 
Beet, f J ^ ^ b"ng in'- 

Beet-root, ^ ^ ^ huung- 



maai- 



ts^oi -*t'au. 



Beetle, K ^ /r«'7/; -ch'uung. 
Before, ^ s/;?, jqjj ts'in, (for- 
merly) ^ Ry" ts'uung-ts'in, 

Beforehand, 7^ ;5t ue -sin. 
Befriend, H8 jS c/«"w -koo , 
fl '\k 't'cii-suut 

Beg, ^ Ar/^, >g; ^ ;/«^ 

k'au. 
Beget, ^ shaang. 
Beggar, -g; fg^ /^H :Jg-y- 
/a- &?c. 
3 



Begin, ^J) V^ r/i'oh-tso\ 

.^liau, ^x^ fii- shau, 
32 I'inij-kuu'ui. 
Beginning, "j^^^ '^chH-ch'oh, 

■^ .s7^//?/, ^ t'au. 
Begone, :^t Pg. ^r/t'e-lok\ 
Begonia, ^ '/t^ ^ ch'uun- 

///?i-t'ong. 
Beguile, ^ /^/, ^ ^ ;it- 

waak. 
Behalf, (in) ^ /f^ ^«t'-toi'. 
Behave, ^ hang, (towards) 

if^ toi'. 
Behaviour, ^JJ, ij^g- ^^;«;i- 

hang . 
Behead, |[|fp ^ '^c.V^fffl'm-'t'au, 
x/^aa^ -*t'au. 

3 



Behind, :^ hau , (to be) 

Behold, ^f^ zW-chue', |^ 

Behoof, ^Ij g h'-////;. 
Behove, |^ ^fe ying-koi. 
Being, (existence) ^ yau» 

Belch, ^ ^ ^ /a- oji-^tt , 
(cuL.) yeuk-At^-lai, y^w/c. 



BEX 



o--> 



BES 



Believe. ^ si/ini^. 

Bell, ^ cJiuiing, ^ Jinq. 

[Hanoinir] Bell-flower, ^ ^ 

^ /»^ -cJuaing-fa. 
Belladonna, ^^ ^^W ^'"-'"k'e. 
Bellows, Jl^ ^y''" '.'7--"?^M/'^, 

^ #^ p'i-p-aai. 
Belly, gi 't'o, ^ /?^?/A'. 
Belonf!:, ^ shiiuk, ^ ^ 

Beloved, Jg oi\ j^jf ^^ ^^/lo/i- 

Below, "j; 1i i\ jg "p ^tai- 

ha\ "1^ j[g lui'-'toj (tai). 
Belt, gg ^ /«-/m^/^ ^ g 

^flrti'-wai. 
Bemoan, |^, ^ ^^/-oi. 
Bench, :j^ ^^ '^jiaan-tang^, 

(magistrate's) ^ ^ 

Icuung-ohn^ . 
Bend, (to) ^ |J(] wat-huuk 

(k'uuk).^^ ^ching-hinik, 

Beneath, ':^ ~f^ tsoi'-ha'.pf^ 

"TC ^ '^hai-h&^-pin (pin ). 

Benefactor, Jg, z^ yan-'^chue. 

Beneficent, -^'g^'lifil '^«"^- 
chau-suut. 



Benefit, g y?!, (grace) Jg 
j^ y«;;-chaak, (to) '^ g 
tsze-ijik. 

Benevolence, •^ ^ yan-ot , 
ir yan, ^ g yan-toi% 

Benighted, Al M ^H ^P 
kiie-hak-om^ -chmtifi . 

Bent, ^ ^'//?//i;, /^?/?J:, :}^"J 
'^^a;<-'"lin (^A/m). 

Bent of mind, ^ ^ chv'-lLi 

Bequeath, ^'j^ lau-lok, 5^ 
PM wai-rA?Aj<^. 

Bereaved of, '^^■^sonf sluit. 

Berth, J^ -^ fong-'^'wai\ 

Beseech, ^ 5]< '^A.7;?-k'au. 

Beset, ^ '(^ wai-chne\ 

Beside, 'j^J ^ rhak-^pin. 

Besides, ^ ^[^ ling -ngoi . 

Besiege, ^ ^ wai-/r?/'2w\ 

Besotted, -^ ^/;/;?-niai. 

Bespeak, ^ tiiig\ ^a£ 
'■/{:o;?/7-ting\ 

Best. -^ — Iff tii?-!/at-'lio, 
^fingJho + ^ ^ J shap' 




BEZ 



23 



BIL 



Bestow, Jg ^ shi-ts^z', 1^ 

Bet, ^ ^ sliue-'fo 

Betelnr.t, [Areca Catechu'] 1^ 
^^ 2mn-\ox\^ : licnce the 
expression-^ -^Igf^l 

long /^a^ /■ in, i.e., betel 

nut fcr the rich man and 

tobacco for the begorar. 
Betel-pepper-leaf, ^ ^ 

/^»-ip. 
Betray. ^ |;j" maai -foo , 

S^ P§ //t-haam\ 
Betroth, (of men) )^ ^ 

ting -/".s'a/z, (of women) g^ 

^ Jnie-p'-iiirj . 
BettL-r, J^ :^"p A\7;i_;/ - Ao, (a 

little) ^ ^^ V?o-/j7r, (quite) 

^T '''t^ ^hn-aani . 
Between. Cyl ||^ rhuwig-hnan, 



Bewitched, ^ ^^ /://r/i-mai- 
Beyond, - — - j^ ^K /•///- 

ngoi', ^\. — ngoi',(to 

go) Jg A-//W/\ 
[Cow] Bezoar, Zil ^ ngau- 



wong. 



Bib, P ^ ^ //^?<- sAmi- 

H/?, /^rn/- s/ii/i-Jan. 
Bible, |g ^ !<Mwj-1dn,j. 

Bid, (order) pMpf^ ''^"'''^'"Z'^''' 
(invite) |g Vs'i/r/, (offer) 

Bide, ^ 'tan;/, jjj^ noi'. 
Bier, 5,*^^^^ "an -kau -hn . 
Big, ~J^ Uiai'. 
Bignonia, ^ ^ fE 'ing- 



Bewail, j^ B^ oi-huulc. 
]>ewiire. ff^ Rj^ t'ai-fong, ^ 

^ ~K I'/raan-hoo i.a. 
Be.viidcred. J\^^^ .*?/»?-] iien , 

A§gg| ynp-mai-lo\ ,^ 

^W^ yoniz-fut. 



BicToted, Tgj ^ /.rr/ -,'7///y>, 

cbue - I'oon-kaau. 
Bile, ^"j^ 'faam-clnip. 
Bill, (beak) pjl" S\si/j, (paper) 

5^ ^ cheuny-tann. 
Bill uf exchange, |^^ _^ ooi - 



Bdl of lading, r 
laam -/soi - chi. 



^ 



BIT 



24 



BLA 



Billiard, JJ iwh, (to flay) :Jj 
^ ia-j)oh, (room) j^ ^ 
jy(^A-*lau. 

Billows, ]^ ^^ "- 7i-long , 

Bind, :j^\j chaat, glj ^jjonf/, 
^ ^ '))0>//7-chue\ (agree) 
^^ //' Ilk (books) ^J tent/, 
^r ^ teng-chonf;. 

Binding, (of clothes) ^[ g 
tu'im-fin, -^.^ 1^ ^k'lnoi- 

*t'i", ^ 'I'll- 
Biography, ff j|;f; hang- 

chon{/ . 
Birch, ;|^ ^ wa-muuk. 
Bird, ,1^ uiu, ^\l^ tseuk - 

niu, (small) ^' [^ ^sezJi - 

*/sflr, (a) — ;^ .ft y^^- 

fAfZ: - niu, (and beatt) -^ 

^- 'k'-um-shau . 
Bird-hme, ^^ ^ rA'i-kaau. 
Eird's-nest, (edible) ^^ 

»n 'Woh. 
Birth, ^ shaang. 
Birth-day, ^ Q shaang-j&i. 
Biscuit, ^i|i ^ jwpg-koln. 
Bit, (of a bridle) ,^ P |& 

ma- Aflw-k'im, (piece) 



Bitch, :}g -^ 'A-«?/--moo, ^^ 

^ kau- na. 
Bite, f^ 'ngaau, (a) — pj^ 

ya^-taam . 
Bitter, ^ ^foo. 
Bittern, y^ ^ chi(p-\o . 
Bitumen, ^^ ^ Wk-ts'ing. 
Bivalve, |i£ ^ '^hi)i-Iwk\ 
Black, H Aa/r, ^^ g ^^/Z:- 

Blackguard, "3^ i^ kicong- 
kivun , ^ -j^ laan - /sa/,. 
ifH P laau'-Vmw. 

Blacking, (shoe-) |^^haai- 
maak. 



Blackleg, 
tsai. 



Blackmail (to), "^ gp] shik 

t'ung. 
Black-smith, ^ ^ [^ to- 

tHt -*tseiiiier . 
Bladder, ^ ^ niu - paaw, 

(animal's) >J\ ^^ .«//^- t'o. 

Blade, (of grass) ^ ^ ts'^o- 
ip, (of a knife) JJ [^ ^-o- 
*yuuk, (shoulder-) ^ 
*^ faan -shi-A:z^w^. 



A 



BLE 



25 



BLO 



.) 



Bladed knife, tliree, ^ p^ 

77 saam-hoi-fo. 
Blain, J^^ ^ ^w<?^ -wong - 

shilc. 
Blame, |fp tsai , (to) i^|^ t'aan, 

»|^ kwaai , ^^ rA^w?/*; . 
Blameless, ^ |[^ mo-tsui 
Blauc-mange, J^ ^\^ ]^ 

ngau- uc-tiiung'. 
Blank. ^ j^ /zz«wy/-paak. 
Blanket, ^ ^^ paak-r/zwi. 
Blaspheme, ^i J^ s/i -tuuk, 

^ IB i^'o V-tuuk. 
Blast rocks, ^ Ji^ ^ ((i- 

Blaze, ;^ )jg 'M-W, j^ 

3)^ ]fah-kicong, ^^ ^oA- 

^" ' jfe S 'M-'maang. 
Bleach. Jg Q j(/m'-paak. 
Bleat. {^ /wr, 11^^ riie-sheng. 
Bleed, j/jft, J^ IsiU-hiiPt^. 
Blemish, *^ ^fi oo- //;», ^ 

peng\ :^ ^ mo-peng\ 

jg^E ha-fe'2e. 
Blend, ;^n <^ woh-wan, ;|g 

'^ /c'aM-wan. 
Bless, jg5i chuuk, jgJJ fg 

chuuk-fuulc: 



Blight, ^2 ts'aan, ^ pal . 
Blind, g P^ niaang- ngaan. 
Blind-man's-bufT, 1^^^ 

chunk -mai-*muuiig, |^]^ 

S/w/^-maang. 
Blinds, ^ *lim, (Venetian-) 

^^ ^ ^ ^wa/r -ip-cA'e«ny. 
Blink, ^ .sAiw, (the eyes) 

nil itfiup, (elude sight) g^ 

jlj^ 0^ ^him-kwoh - ngaan. 

Blister, ^ y^ ''shin-p^aau, 

('p'o), (to) II ;;rfC fa 

/aa^ - shni-p^aau. 
Bloated, ^^ ^|| fan- chimng. 
Block, (of wood,&c.) _g^ t'au, 

jg: kau', (for printing) igl 

^paan, (pulley) :^ ^^ luut- 

Blockade, 01 8 ® P ^''^^''^- 
35 choh-sak-tsinm-iu . 



Blockhead, tJc {^ A n^^^"^" 
"^ngau-yan, [J^ ^ yai-'/o. 
Blood, jjij_ 7m<'^\ 

Bloom, (to) P^ ::f;2 Ao/-/«. 

Blot, ^ yi^- t'o-oo, (out) ;^ 
;^ t'o-moot ^ ch'a. 



BOA 



26 



BOL 



Blotch, ^^ ^ {Hau-cha. 

Blovv, (strike) ^ Ua, (a) ^ 

— [^ ta-tjcit- ha, (as wind) 

1^ rA'?//, (the nose) i^ 

^ s«»/-pi^ (out) P^^ 

f^'t«-mit. 

Blue ^'^ laam-sA/A;, ^^ tin . 

Blunder, ^g^ |^^/.sW-'ng\ 

Blunt, ^^ tuun , tuen\ 

-^ r/i'/-ngoi. 
Blur, ^ nu.ung, ^ 

moo-oo. 
Blu.h, |g gr ff ®-./?m/^- 
huung-S,27?-mhi , >^ ^ 
hom-S(7?/. 
Bluster, ^ ^ As'o^-po . 
Boa-constrictor, i}j^^*^ mong- 

she. 
Boai', /^ ^ chvp-kunrj. 
Board, (wood) ^ ;|^ niuuk- 
"paan, (a) — 'Jb^ ^R !F'f- 
faai - paan, (department) 

Board, (to eat with) [^ -^ 
t'uung-shik, ^ -^ ^w/;? - 
shik, (one's self) -^ Q 
p^ shilv-tsze - lei, (ship) ^ 
j^ sheung-shuen. 



Boast, 1^ ^ ]cing-¥iva, ^ 

Boat, ^ 't'eng, ^ jj^ 
saam-paaii, ^ shuen. 

Bob,^ ??//(-/« . 

Bodice, :|^^ J|^ moon-hnung^ 

Bodkin, $ ij§ ^f r//,'?^e;i'- 
tddi -rlitnn. 

Body, ^g^ .s/zr^y/, ^ g| ../,«n- 

B^S' JM fill paan^-ch'i. 
Bohea-tca, ^ ^j ^ moo- 
i-ch'a. 

Boil, (to) ^ ;;o, J^ shaap. 

Boiled, fiL shuuk. 

Boiling, '^ /;7/r^7/, (with 

Boils, ^ cW-ong. 

Boiler, ^ wok, •j^ ^'rtflj*/ , 

Boisterous, ^^ po , j^ maang. 

Bold, -f^ gg taai'-V^/«;«, Hi] 
^^ 7w»^-ngai . 

Bolster, ;^ ^ ^ taai'- 



ch'ong- chum. 



BOO 



27 



BOU 



15olt, f J tpwi, j^^ sinit, |§ 

^f'it^-koon , (of a door) f^ 

P^ moon-sJiaan, (to) ^ 

s/taan. 
Bomb, ig :f^ ,):^ hoi-fa- 

p'-aau , (COL.) jwm-p'-aan . 
]5ombay ducks, -^ .^£ 

*ue-/:c//??. 
Bond, ^^ ^. yeitTc-taan, 

(money-) ^ ^ Ase -taan, 

(band) ^ i'rtr/i\ 

Bond-servant, ^^"^ no-pimk. 

Bone, *^ Z^r///. 

Bonnet, ^ rli^ nue-*mo . 
Booby, f^ \ ngong'-yan, 

!^C IS iU taai^-t'au-Ar/. 
Book, ^ .s7///^, (a) — ^ 

^^ yat'iw -since, ^|) *po . 
Book case, ^t§ ■'/' ne "^Jc/rai . 
Bookbinder, ^ ^ J\^ temj- 

sliue-yan. 



Booth, ^ ^ maau-i/z/A', 

p'aang. 

Bo-peep, ^^ §jlF r/zo??^- 

nqaav. 
c 

Borax, ^[j{j ^ p'ang-s/<rt. 
Border, ^ /^//?, ^ hua , 



^ to -'" 



lie. 



Book-worm, '^, ^ 

(met.), a stndtnt. 
Boom, l|l^ ^X faan-7i;o»i7 . 
Boor, ^•>['^f^ maan-^s'/^en 

^lo. 
Boot, rSt /iO. 



Bore, fg As?<fn\ ^ r/^'/^eu. 
Born, ^ .s//^/^?/y, [i} jtf; 

chhmt-shai . 
Borrow, -f^^- 5^ ^^e'-loi, j^ 

Bosom, ^(y] *[^ Jnnfnff-yfaQ.\. 

Botany, [^ ^^^ ^ '^■^'«- 
muuk-liok. 

Botch, '^^^fX P'^i'-^'^^-V'- 
Both, ^ fl 'lenng-Z-o/i'. 
Bother, *J^^ faan-'iu, :^ 

Bothered, ^c fi§ j?«-moon'. 

Bottle, 5l^ An- #/?//?. 
Bottle-gourd, ^^ ^ 00--I00. 

Bottom, J^ tai. 

Bound, -) „.. 5 

Bounce, J *^ 

Boundary, :^ ^ Icaaii-kaai . 

Boundless, M f^ Sno-haan 



BRA 



28 



BRE 



Bountiful, j^ j^ hau - 
chuung . 

Bow, (to) ^ ^ ^ta-lnmng, 

^ ^ tsolc-yup. 
Bow, (a) ^ /r?/j<«(/, — ;j|2, 

^ yat- 2'a-lcuung. 
Bowels, 1^ ch'eung, j^Ji t'o. 
Bowl, T^^ oon. 
Bowsprit, j^ ^ ;^ sliuen- 

t'au-pat. 



Box, ^ seimg, (to) 






k'uen-^/fl, :f7" 
k'uen-t'au. 

Bov, S -|^ naam- tsai, (ser- 
vant-) ^ y^ sze - /sat, 
(waiting;-) -|^ •j^ shi - /sa/. 

Bracelet, -^ ^j[T sltau-aah . 
Braces, ||iji i^ /oo -/art a . 
Brair, ^ ^ Z:'?ra-taai . 
Braggart. ^ p twa-'^hau. 
Braid, ;j^ ;^ laan-/ro/^/?, (to) 

Wi ^ j'i»-cM', ^ pun. 
Brain, ^ji^ ^ ^wo-iseunf/. 
Bramble, ^;|^ /a/^^-/^//r, ;^| 

lak. 
Bran, ^ i^ mdk-hong 
Branch, ;;^ r///. 



Brand (a) j/^ JfJ ^foh-^pa, 

li 'j;^ ^'V^'-/«^', (to) ^ 
^P /oA' yfl'?^ . 
Brandiiih, ^ *^moo, •^ |^ 



shall- moo. 



Brandy, ^ fi i& ffi pn'- 

laan'-ti - fsau. 
Brass, ^ t'uung, ^ ^ 



wong-L*nung. 



Brassica, ^ ^ paak-/s'o» . 
Brave, ^ ||^ yiiung- /row. 
Bravo ! ^- V^() / 
Brawl, [fj?] :^ naau'-/'aa?<. 
^""'K"^'' '^ ^!^ lae-ming. 
Brazen-faced, iffifjos moo-lim\ 
Brazier, :^^ X %-t'uung- 

yan, ////y-t'uunir-yan. 
Breach-leader, ^ ^ (i^) 

hau -t'ong fj/aaif J. 
Broad, ^^ min -^paau, ^ 

^5 min^-fau. 

Breadth, ^ ^ /oo/'-to'. 
Break, -^ 'j;|| /a-laan , ^ 

•)(f^ chit\ (off) g/f 't'nen, 
(out) ^ /(7a/ , (the law) 

^H ^ '^''^^^ "^'^^'^ " (bread) 
maali - peng, (wind) 



A^-MJ 



BRI 



29 



BRI 



Breakfasi, S. ^ /.so-faan , 

SH ^^ rlu't'-f.<i''aan. 
Bream, ^ ;^ ;n/«-*ue, gj 

'B§ f()i)g-*ue. 
Breast, ^^ "|mp hin/)}g-tH''in. 
BreastplaXo, ^ j[^^ ^ oo'- 

swn-lcenri . 
Breasts, Wi naai. 
Breath, p ^ ^haii-lti\ ^ 

Breatlie, ||M. ^ t'au-hi, p^ 

gj foo-tujK 
Breathless, ^ ^ ^ Z^^'^- 

^o-tsuet. 
Breech, the, ^ t'lien, (vulg.) 

J^ tintk, shi-fut- tvn. 
Breeches, ^1^ foo . 
Breed, (to), Z]^ ^ shaang- 

ch^aan, /^ shaang, ^ ^ 

ch'uuk- yeuug. 
Breeze, (a light) ^ fffmmg 

fsai'. 
Brethren, J^ ^^ hing-tsii 
Breu ^* yeuug . 

Bribe, |g |g- y(?oi-lo^ 
P^ nmsii-cnuufc. 



.) 



Bribery, ^ jpff ^ ^ ts'in- 

shan-vuuuff -sze . 
Brick. ^ chuen, (common) 

w ^||k ts'-ing-ch >'/>/). 
Brick-layer, ^ ^^ nai- 

5///«'-*tscung^ ('"^<'j 
Bride. ^ ^^ sa«-*neiing, ^ 

t^ 5^/1- p'o, sj/rw- p'o. 
Bridegroom, 7^9^ .s-(f/?-*long. 
Bridge, ^^ k'iu, (a) — • .j^ 

i^ yat-io -k'iu, (of the 

nose) ^ ^ pi -*leui)g. 
Bridle, ^ A'm/?//, ^ |§ 

luung-Z'Vr , 
Brief, ^^ ///^n. 

^'■■■?' S ^"5 ts ^ '^^"°s- 

<'/i»-*wai-shuen. 
Bright, -^ ^ Zvro/j^-ming. 
Brilliant, -^ ^ hwong- long. 
Brim, ;^ k'eng. 
Brimful, j^ ^|] ^ ^moon- 

to -k'eng. 
Brimstone, 1^ 1^ lau-'svong. 
Brine, ^ »J^ haam-c/«//', ^ 

Tff^ haam-""sAMi. 

Bring, ;j^ ^jj ?i/n^ 

lai, ^ ^ taat lai. 



BRO 



30 



BUU 



Brinjal, ^ * k'e, ^ )J^ 'ai- 

ktra. 
Brink, ^ ;>/«, :^ ^ Arcai/- 

toa/ , (on the) ^ j^ 

Brisket, ^ |^ mooi-juuk. 
Bristles, ^ ^ % ''''"/''- 
isiiiiHf/-\no, ^^ ^ /.s//i mo. 
Brittle, gg ^s'l//'. 

Broad, ^ /bo^\ g ^ 

kwong-foot . 

Broad-cloth, -^ ^ taai - ni, 

-^ llj taai'-yuung. 
Brocade. :Jg ^^ /a-*tuen\ 



Brook, j% tai, j^ f^ tai- 
Jcaan, \1^ j^ jpjl shaan- 
shui-ltaang. 

Broom, Jg ^ 'j>a-so\ |^ 

Brothel, :^ :^ ^ 'lo-7we- 
*chaai , ^g^^ rA'e?//?//-*liu, 



Ki - /:oo)i. 



Brotlier, (elder) ^ Idng, 
(younger) ^^^ tai\ f-^ ^ 



.3 C, 

sax - to. 



fp\ jpj^ kuuk-*tuen . 
Broccoli, ^ ^ paak-^s'oi . 
Brogue, -^ ^ i!'o-t'aam. 
Broil, 'j^ ^ shiu-chelc. 
Broker, ^^ ^»^ 7://?.^- Z't. 
Broncliocele, ||,^Il(^ ngoh-hau. 
Bronze, ~^ ^[^ "^ "^/^oo- 

t'uung-s/</Z:. 
Brooch, (a) |g || #t ^''m'»- 

t'au-f/zwm, j\^^ p ^ iiiim- 
hau-chitm. 
Brood, -j^^P fuuk-'(?^;w, ^ 

-^ po -*taan . 



Brother-in-law, (a husband's) 
^ ^ /s'at- k'au, (a wife's) 
3^^ ffj taai^^.^.///, ^.Hi ^ 
sen -shuulc, (brother's or 
sister's) ((5 ^ 'fe^->o, ^ 
^ mooi /f^o. 

Brow, ^ ngaak. 

Brow-beat, ^ ?^ A/7r?Z" -pok. 

Brown, ^'^^ "^ t<uniy/-shil', 

$§ Hf ft '■^'"^" ^'Ohn-shilc. 

Bruise, (to powder) ^ ^ 
ngaan-laan , (with the foot) 
^^ ch'-aai, naai, (hurt) ^^ 
'^ "'«e -sheung, ''"'ue - choU. 

Brush, 1^ fs'ffdf^ , J^lJ s^rtrt^ ,(a) 
— ' 1® J^'J U^i-^^^'^^'' -shaai . 




BUL 



31 



BUN 



Bulk, (to break) g{j j|| hoi- 
Bulky, -j^ -j^ /Vwi'-taai , -j^ 



taai -kok 



Bull, <^ ^ \\g2M-lninn(j. 
Bullet, ^ -f- taan'-'^s2^, ^§ 



ma. 



Brute, -^ ^ k.'ywxi-shau . 
Brutish, ^ ^y^"* shan -sum. 
Bubble, ff- fQ fau- p'o, (up) 

v§ h y^'?/« - sbeung. 
Bubo, "ffi rt ue- Aa?^ 
Buck, j^ ^ luuk-/r««^«^. 
Bucket. :^||] tniung, a hanging 

bucket, />., a well-bucket, Bullock, 6^^ shin -ngau. 

fVj ;i^^ /i> - tuung. 1 Bullock's brains, ^^ ^^ 

Buckle, ;;j"n^^ ^''^^" - ^''^*-' ngau-'^no. 

*\vaaD, ^ ^ trm-'tau. | Bully, Dpj //a. 
Buckwheat, ^ -^ ^ saa?«- : Bulwarks, ;|^ |^ laan-laara , 

/Co/: -mak. ij^ ^ laan-wai, (of a citj 

Bud, ^ nga, py|«; mi/uJc or fort) ^ jg sbeng-oon. 

(flower) bM; /^/m, (to) g- ^ Bum, ^ t'uen, ^ i|J t'uen- 

^ faat -nga, 'Mljfv/^''''-'^' ' 

7?2/^///i-, yj (^ ch'uut-lum. 
Buddhism, 'j^ ^ Fut-/caf/i^\ 
Buffalo, -^ <^ s7i?«"-*ngau. 

Buffoon, (male) S ^ naam- 
f/t'cr?/, (female) ~^^ nue- 

Buffoonery, ^jffll tsaap-^c2</i''. 

Bug, ];;^ ^ muuk-s/<f?f. 

Build, ^ 'hi, ^ 5g ^/;«'- 
tso , 

Bulb, 



chuulc. 
t'au. 



^ m\-tuuk. 

Bum-boat, ^ -g* ^ tsaap- 

/oA - t'eng. 
Bump, (to) ^ ^ p'ming'- 

cheuk, (down) itjt ^""'' 

^««^/? . 
Bumptious, :iy^ j^ k'ong- 

p'aai. 

Bunch, (a) — JgJ y^^/- V, -^ 
M yat-k'uunij, — • ]^ ?/a^ 
k-au, ya/-kau . 



BUR 



32 



BUT 



Bundle, -^ paaii, j^ chaat , 

^ ch'uuk. 
Bung, j^ sunt, ^^ chat. 

Bungler, ^' X A ^"'^'- 
Jciamr/-jiin. 

Buoy, ^ ]^ naau-7/i«, |g 
ij^^ mvdn-^t'uiinj, (to) ;^ 
^ fau-V^t, ^ ^ p'o-'A/. 



Burden, 



■^ 



tort'/n - t'au, 
'[^ foo'-yum . 

Burglary, :^ ^ ye'-s/^' :Jf 

Burmah, ^^ -f^ Min-tin . 
Burn, (to) ij^^ ,<^/,/^/, »]g g 
s^j«-waai , (with an iron) 

Burnish, ^ ^ irioh-/i;/row/7. 
Burrow, JUg j:^ g| p'a-ti'- 
lining. 

Burst, 1^ paau , jjj'fe c/^a . 

Bursting, (to eat to) ^ ^J 
Iji J^ yaalc^-to -%*o-paau, 
(with rage) ^ ^ cha- 
Jceng. 

Bury, J|g ^ maid-tsong , ^ 
1 1| tsong'-shaan. 



Bush, yj>» jj^j s»<-8hue , ^^ 

1S 



-^ mat-ts'uung, j^ 'I^ 

f^i-ip. 

Bushel, or peck, J!^ ^a?/, 
(English) ^ Js^ /5'a^ 

Business, !^ '^ sze -/to/a/? , 
(trade) B^ ^ shang-i , 
(calling) ;^ ^^ sze -ip 
^ t'au-lo\ 

Business-like, ^^ ^ 'f^J hop 



3 , .3 

sze -lai . 



Bustle, 'l'^ ^ vao'ag-chHm'k, 

C»8y, ^ f^ mi^-haan, ^ 
^^ sze -raong, ^^^^ yau- 
sze , (diligent) ^J 'fj k'an- 
lik. 

Busy-body, ^' ^ ;^ ^ 



ho -sze -ke -van. 



But, -^ taan\ ^ -^ taan'- 
bai', f-^ '^ wai-hai\ (ex- 
cept) ^ f^ ch'ue-7n«. 

Butcher, ^ -^ Vo-foo, M" 
^ t'o-*oo^ (to) glj fo«^. 

Butcher-bird, -^^ ^^^ paaJc - 
liu. 

Butler, ^ ^ koon-Tca. 



BUZ 



38 



CAD 



Butt, (to) fi^ ;fg chuuk- 
choug , ;^ ^ ^tai-chuuJc. 

Butter, ^ ^l y^ ngau-*^ue- 
yau. 

Butter-fly, >^g^oo-nip,jjg 
^ pang-sha. 

Buttock, ^ U||^ t'uen-c/iiie, 
J^ m\-tuiiJ:. 



By, (with) ^ yuung\ (^an 
agent) ^ pi\ (through) 

^ '/a, ^ van, (buy by 

the catty) gft Jf" ^ tuen- 

kan-\naai, (by himself) ^' 

g ling^-tsze\ (near) ^ 

kan . 

By-, (secluded) ^j* pooi . 



Pt) 



:f tsuuk- ue. 



Button, ^ *'«r7«, (a) —jft By and bye. ^>g '|§ maan'- 
^ //r//-;n//)-*W?^ (officer's) *inaun\ ^ — j^f '^tanr/- 
plL iM mip-Uenrj, jg ;^>:' yrt^chan^ 
teng-taai^, (1st & 2nd) ^ i By-word, 

liuung-*^^(?«^, (3rd & 4th) 

iS J^ laam- /«;iy, (5th & 

6th) g Ti paak-'/^tn^, 

(7th, &c.) -^Tp kiim-'^teng. 

Button-hole, ^ p 



Cabal, p ';<„,^, fj f; 
^nfl«< ' p'ang- long. 

^hau. j Cabbage, ^ ^ ye-is'oi . 

Buttress, ;kj^ ^ ch'ue- ^w?2, Cabin, fe 0^ fong-Vsi^i, 

Jg^ '^oA. (ship's) jj^ ^ shueii-*fong 

Buy, ^ maai, ^ 7^ maai- (Js^ong). 

yup, ^ ^ maai-loi, ^ Cabinet, ||g^ haap, (council) 

^1] 'maai-^o', j\^ ^ shan- \ pS^ [fj noi'-Z-oZ:'. 

^rnaai. Cable, |^ laani\ 

Buzz, :g^ M mi-'heung, |^ Cackle, 5g: jg IcuuJc-kuu/:, 

^ ^ tsze-ts2e-sheng, ^ _^ g^ kat-t'o/c , kok-^^?/; . 

^ kicang-kivang. ! Cactus, ||^ ^ ^m^-wong. 

Buzzing ears, S^ P^j^ ^i-ming. , Caddy, ^ ff ^seung- tsai. 



CAL 



34 



CAM 



(-'age, fl luung. 



Caitiff, -^ yj" no-ts'oi, /J> 

Cajole, flp^ noh-San. 

Cake, ll Vf"^', f# ^^0- 

Calabash, |fe p'iu, $3)^ 00-' Calm, ^ g^ ^^''^-tsi"g', 



Called, (named) ff^ -gjf Zm 

tso'. 
Calling, M- i'" 



\. 3^ Bze -ip. 
Callous, jl^ iigaang , "^^ ^ 



Jium. 



* loo. 
Caladinm, ^ ^ ts'ze-7:o(?. 
Calamity, |j| ^^^ \voh'-waan\ 

^ji *^ isoi-\\o?. 
Calcnliite, ^ ^ .sz^e;i'-tok, 

:}§; -^!j ch'm-ch'ank. 
Calculus, (stone) ^ :|fj5 sbek- 

lum. 
Calendar, ^ ^^ jl^ net- 

fuii -p'aai. 
Calender, ^^ shiii^. 
Calends, ^ ^ uet-s/;«/:\ ^ 

n sAo/"^-yat. 
Calf, i|=. ff ngan-'/sffi. 
Calico, (white) [^ /$ ^ 

paak-yeu!ig-7w\ (priut) ^ 

Calk, (to) :^ ^ Vf/-chaang\ 

Call, B^ H//', p^ foo, PJ^ 

haam\ H^ /^^ (name) ^ 

fA'i/?^, (invite) ||| (s'eng, 

(on) gg ta«w\ 



|5J^tsing^nsing\ M jg^ 
^:']fe mo-/M?o?//-^mo-iong\ 

Calomel, ^ ^ hinq-fun. 

Calumniate, ^^ J^ kong- 
waai . 

Calumny, ^^ ^ ts'aam-in. 

Calyx, J?^ 4£/7-*M\ 

Cambric, ^i^^ Jra-sha- 

Camel, ,|g. ,^ 7o/.-t'oh, -^ 
lll$ Bj^ sheung-fuung-t'-oh. 

Cameleou, ^^ ^ V/«-t'ing. 

Camellia. '^ :^^ ch'a-/f/. 

Camlet, ^ |^^ 'ue-sAa, ^ 
|.g Se-*tuen\ 

Camomile, -y^ ^ Jcom-hatlr. 

Camp, g ^ ying-p'ooD. 

Campaign, i^ ch'eung. 

Camp-stool, ^^^^ ma-chaap. 

Camphor, (tree) ^t^ ^^ 
r//.^?//?^-muuk, (gum) 
chtung-^no. 



CAN 



35 



CAP 



Campoi-tea, ^'jvjj^ ^Icaan- 
pool -ch'a. 

Can, ff^ tak, \^X^ t^o'-ZaZ'. 

■Can, (a) ^ Icooa. 

€anal, (the Great) ^ Jp]" 

wan -holi, (:i) TjC/RJ ^shui- 

ch^uunff. 
€anary, 0^ J[^ ^ sbi-shan- 

iseiik, Q ^'jil: paak-SVt. 
Cancel, Mj] -^ shaan-hue . 

£ ijmmri-tsue, 

Candareen, ^^ /"/<;?. 

Candid, ^ |^ ming-paak, 

IE it '•/"■"/- eh ik. 
■Candidate, -^JH hau -Buen , 

/^ ^ liaa'-/;'?//'/\ 
Candle, »j;^ cliuulc, (wax) {fe_P^ 

ilsi ]aap-f/< /;?//:. 



Cancer, f| 



v^ > 



Canker, ^fe ^ it-tnnk. 
Cankered',' 'gjg |Jj( ;?^///-/^r/^ 
Cannibals, ^ J^ f^lj shik- 

jAn-Ic/roIr . 
Cannon, -/r i||[^ taai -p'-aau , 

®^ ^ill r/rti>mr/-p'arni\ 

r-ball) )|;^ ^.C^ ;rrw//^*'^ma. 
Cannot, >j^ ^^ ;w/-nanoj, 'm- 

nang, ^ ^■^': jm^-Uik, 'm- 

Canon, JSL //'?. 
Canopy, J[^ ^ plicnng -/;-'oi , 
Jdt ^ Vi//«/j^-*p'uung. 

Canton, (province) 1^ ^^ 
'Kivoii'j-tmiiui, (city) jfe 
Yeiing-sheng, (/.i". City 



of Rams), ^ ^ alianng- 



shcng, or *slKng 



Oandle-sLick, t];^ *^ diunk- 

*t'oi. 
Candy, (to) ^± ^Jc kii-ping, 

(sugar) ^|C ^g ping-i'oxxg. 
Cane, (a) :^^ |i^ ^ cM-pin- 

Icolin, (rattan) "n^ fang. 
Cangue, ;|5|in kn, 'jf,%^;^ 

m\in\i-f/f>//if/- long. 
Canister, ^^ /wo/i . 



Canvas, ||lf(^ ^ faan-/JO . 
Canvass, (to make interest for) 

Cap, (a) Xp ijjg 'fi»r/-*mo\ 

Capable, g^ nang, ^ ooi. 

Capacity, ;;;;^ ^J ts'oi-c/z^r/, 
(containing) J^ ^ to - 



leung 



CAR 



36 



CAR 



"poon-ts^'m, 
mm 



pi sin -hai. 



Cape, (of land) (1( "^ shaan- 

kok . 
Capers, yf)A^ 'shui-kwa- 

nau. 
Capital, (city) ^^ ^ Jcinff- 

too, ;^ ^ klng-Mng, 

(money) ^ 

(exc'iUent) 
Capon, ||i,_ ^ ^ 

Capricious, ffit ^ i^i^ mo 

ting'-su»2, ^ jO foh-sum, 

Capsize, ^" g| fuuk-^huen, 

r 

■p'uuk- chain. 
Capstan, ^^^ ^ '/^-'^'^^'-p'oon. 
Captain, (ship-) ^^ sluien- 

Vi^^^ (of a couipuiij) JgJ 

^ ^im- tsiiung. 
Captaia Superintendent of 

Police, yi^ \^\ 'jg' ts'uun- 

po -koon. 
Captive, (led-) ^ ^ pi'-'lo. 
Capture, ^ ^ na-wok. 
Carambola, ^ ^l jeung- 

*t'o. 

caraway, ^|H W_# ^"''■°°^- 
^ ^ uen-sflt 



heung, 
(coriandcT). 



Carbuncle, (on tlie back) ^ 
^ /rt.2^ -]:ooi , -^ ^p 
pool -yuung. 

Carcass, ^ *^ wai-hoi, 
^ ^sze-slil, (abusively) ^ 

Card, (visiting) ^iji^ /'^f"''- 
^V, ^ it^ niing-*^'i>/ 
(playing) W'4 V//-^p'aai. 

Card-case, \\^^ ^ ^'ijo - ^'o. 

Cardamom, Q § ^^ paak- 
tau -/; rtM . 

Cardinal points, glj 3;^ sse'- 

Care, }^\ JfJ, Z:MY/-lue\ 
If pca-ai\ (to) 7|e^ 
liu'-'li, (don't) yf, 
2X1 1- li. 
Careful, /J> iQ %m-swn. 
Carefully, look §^ ff ^^ 
fai-isze-sai , JJ ^ Ao- 
sheng- 

Careless, M y]> J\!i) 'rao-^«^'«- 
SU/7J, m 1% II mo-'i'ai- 
^•^oo', ^ ^ ^kau-^ch'e. 

Caress, |^ |g ^Zaam-'p'o. 

Cargo, ||g 'g sbuen-M'. 



('Ml 



37 



(AS 



tiiai -''yiim-ijal-J'ddti, ^ |g 



CarK«)-boat. ^ jg i>ok -Cvlvi, ^ r/<v, (ox-) ^^ ^ 

t'eiifj. i ngau-rAV. 

Carnati(Mi, (colour) ;(^tftfe Cartridge, _^ ^ f|] >//- 
t'o-huun<r-''////'. ycuk-^t'iiuDg, |^ ;{jg /',y- 

Carneliaii. JB| J^ ^ *^ma- ' Sua. 

no-shck. CartridL,'e-boi. -f[^ ^I'f 4& 

Carouse, ;/\J ^.^ — ^| ^/v^J/-liJung-*toi'. 

Carve, )J| ^J fiu-hm/c, (or- 
nament) 1^ ;^ A,,-/,,, 
(meat) -gj An '■//'. 
Case, ( holder) .- ^ t'o\ ^ 
[W ^0 -haap, (at law) 
'^ o///? -kin . 
Oash,^ *ts'in. 3^^ 

Carpet, i^ fl ti'-,M.«. f '■"• ^^^»''-^> Ig ® ■" ■ 

Carriage, (a) ^i rJre. ^ ^ Cash-book, ^^^ tsunn'- 
^inft-rA'/». -7..- c..- 



naan -^tsnu. 



Carp, (alish) fiS ^ 'h-*ue. 
Carp, (to) ;^ ^ -^ rhuiik^- 

Cari^enter, ^ [^ mnuk- 



*tseuna- . 






ma-rAV. 
Carrot, %Z \ 
paak, ^ 



hiuing-loli- 
1 womr-loh- 



rhi- po. 

Cask, :(^ ^i;v///;;y, |g g ;(j| 
p'i-p'a-^/'?/?///y. 



paak, ^ ^ kum- stiun. Casket, /J>> [g S»u-i)aap, ^ 
Carry, (on a pole) ^^ tnam, \ [g ^yw-baap. 

(resting on one) :^^ f-ok , Cassia, ;|4 /v/vu'', (lignia) i^ 

^ him-p'}, (buds) ^ 



(between two) ;|^ t'oi, 
(about the person) *^ taut , 
(on the back) ^ ww, (in 
the arms) ^^ p'o, (as a 
8hip, &c.) 1^ tsot . 

4 



-^ kirai -^fsze. 
Cast, (throw) :^ t'au, ^ 

^iM, (to found) ^^ c/^Mtf . 
Cast-iron, ^ ^ shanng-tHl . 



CAT 



S8 



CAV 



Catechism, 58 -§ ^ mun - 

taaj^ -shue. 
Catechu, ^ ^ i-cli'a. 
Caterpillar, jg jfep ming- 

li'ig' ^^ ^ ^ 'kau-mo- 
*ch'uung, (silk-worm) ^ 
^ ts'aam-^ch'uuns:. 

Caterwaul, ijj^ ^^ aau-oo- 

I $heng. 

Cattle, ^ /]^ ckuuk-skaang. 

Catty, ^ Z-ay/. 

Caul, :^ ffi Ifi ^ taai^ 
ch'eung- mong-mok. 

Cauliflower, '^^^ A-je- 

Cat fish, ^ ^ chHe-*x\^. f^.^-\ 

Catalogue, ^ || ho'-c^'«'' J, Cause, ^ fjjr^ um-koo\ ^ 
g ^ mnuk-luuk. ^ uen-yau, (to) gg Wa, 



OaBtanetB, i|^ ^0, faak'- 

^paan. 
Castellated, ^ jj A '^'^^' 

Bheng-*yan. 
Castle, ^ ^^J sheng-*lttn 
Castor oil, jg f|J 5e'-yau, 

^ yfl ;?i-m;i-yau. 
Castrate, S'l ^ kohi'-sh(ti\ 

M ""' ® '''''• 
Casual, ^ ^ ft^ mo-i'- 

chiiwig. 

Casuistry, J^- ^ shi^-yf. 

Cat, ^ mnnii, (a) — 

ijat-rhek^- maau. 



» mnuk-luuk 
Catameiiia, ^ -^lyC ''S*'" 
S//?/j, or ^)ji^ uct /re))//, or 
^ ^ uet stw\ 

Cataract, (water) ^^ ^ 
puuk-fo - shut, (in the eye) 

^> ^ ^ M tsing-chue- 
^nn -chaf-pat-inlng. 
Catch, :g£ JlJ chunk' -'to, 1^ 
^ (-/i»j//c''-wok, (fasten) 



^ ling\ ^ Chi . 

Causeway, ^^g S Wl ^^^' 
shek-ti\ Jl ^p 5 ^ 

iigoh- /?<////-8htk-ti . 
Cauterize, ^ kau . 
Cautious, g| -^ A;;/?i-8han , 

yK jVII^ \'iiu-sum. 
Cavalry, .^ ^ 'm&-p%iig. 
Cave, ^J ^ .s7iaa«-^/mm^, 

*^ ngaam-uet. 



CEN 



39 



CHA 



shot, ^ 1^ pnk - tsui. 
Cayenne. ^ }^ \di\\i-tsiu. 
^ease, ^ ^ fing-st^, j|; 



''■hi, HV hit' 



€edar, j^^ § ;^ ;)aaA;^- 
A«//«$r-inuuk. 

<Jeiling, %^^^ t'in-fa- 
paan. 

Oelandine, -^ -Sr fAt- mo. 

Celebrate, (a day) jj^ tao , 
(midwinter) ^^ iS^ tso - 
hiung, or 5[^^. «r't'0 /wn^. 

■Celebrity, i^ ^ mirig-sAtV?^. 

Celery, :^ ^ ^ ^hohn- 

k'an-/5'ot^ © 
<^ell, ^ ff 'fong-'fefli. 
Cellar, i^''^^ ti -^fl/7?/ , (vfine) 

Cemeut, ^ ^p. fooi-kami. 
Cemetery, p^ ^( yum-sluian. 
Censer, ^ i^ heung-\o. 
Censor. ^ '^ hian -koon, 

fljj _^ Ue -A2f. 

Censure, ^m t"aan, W clunUP . 
Census, ^ ^ inun-tsik, p| 
j^ ^hau-ch'aak^. 



^ t'ong-Ao. 



Centipede, Q^^ paak'-fxnnk. 
Centre, it p|^ [^ r/aVj^r^ 

chiiung-^htan, i^ sum. 
Centurion. Jg^^Q ^pa-''tsnung. 
Century, g* 4^ /^aai^-nin. 
Ciremony, jjjjg j|| *^Iai-i. 
Certain, |^ jg tik-k'ok\ ^ 



> c 

'g1 



tin^r', ViVi//. 






Certainly, g|j gjj 

ting-la. 
Certificate, (of character) ^ 
^& tsin^'Shue, (of goods) 



iin -^taan. 



Certify, ^ ^ shat-rAzV?/; . 

Cess, j^ ^ rA' tishtu . 

Cess-pool, -^ ^ .^Awt- t'um, 
S -ft fun^-hnang. 

Cbafe, ,^ ;^ /sW^/ wnai , (a 
, person) ^ .^ Z-?A:-A»\ 
j Chafer, ^ ^ «A/7-sliin. 

j hong. 

; Chagrin. IS^ ^ wat-hi^. 
'Chain, ^ *lin, ^ Iin, (a) 
^ ^ t'iu-'lia. 



CUA 



40 



CHA 



pj Cheung- i ? 
tinq- kiu- 



Chair, (a) 
sedan, |*| 

-coolie, ^ ^ '/'///-^/i 
(more commonlj), 
^t'oi ^kiu %. 



00 



Chalk, ^ ;^" 5g> y.A-shek- ; Char, 



Chai-el, jjif ^ ^ 'lai-i;aaj'- 
t'ong, nig^'^ fuuk.yum' 
t'oug. 

Cliappcd, ji^ P ch'aak^-'^hau. 

CLajiter, ^^ ciieiwg. 



.shiu-hak. 



fun. 
Challenge, ^; jgj Ve-^»1^- 
Chamber, -te •fong. 



Character, pp^T V"«-^ang , 
(or class) ^ g hcult- 
shik. (a letter) ^ tsze'. 
Chamber-pot, ^^ ^ pin'*oo. I Charcoal, ^ ^ ch'aai-^a«?i\ 
Chamois, ^ :^ ling-yeung. ' or shai t'ann . 
Champion, ^ -^ ho-kit. i Charge, (to give-) f>f g^ ff>i*- 
Chance, -(pj ^ 'ngau-in. I ^w/r\ (demand) ^ JJ)( 
Chancellor, literary, ^^ ^ iV'- ^s'«i?, (blame) jj* ^ 

hok-t'oi. I c/m^AT^-tsui'. 

Change, gJT Vroi, J|§!^ /w?/^- j Chariot, ^ ^. "^ma-cAV. 
A;o», J^ :^ A:^;?_,9'-oon , :^] Charity, ^ i[^> ts'z« -.<?//w, 
^ oou -/^tt'oA , Bji[^^ ^A:o/j (alms) |^ '^ shi- she, ^ 
j3iVi'. Jig po^-shi\ 

Changer, (money-) j^ ^ Charm, (a) if{J JJ- fon-l.'.ulc. 



^ c/iflaw-^ts'ia-yan. | Charming, *|*^ ^ ni't-r". 

Channel {^ yk, t'iu-S/im, iChart, vQ{J;g| V/o/-.v//a-t«o. 

^ ^ '^sAz«-lo\ I Charter-party, ^ |f|| jiop- 

Chant prayers, ^^ ,^^ nim - t'uung. 

A^m^. Chase, (to) i 



r/?'?- /'^^n. 



Chaos, '^ Jj^ wun^tuua\ j Chasm. ^ |^ Aws^-laj-.m 



CHE 



41 



CHI 



Ohaste, fj^ |j5 tsHnp-tsit', J^ Chemise, ^ ^ ^$1 Un- 

'gj chiwj-Uit' ^|j >^|{ tsit' shan-i. 

lit. Chemist, ^-fc^^ fa liok «::. 

Chastise, ^ "^ cAaaA'-fuat, i Chemist's (and druggist's) 

:J7* *'''• ''hjp, ^ 3^ yeuk *fong. 

Chat, g^ fjR^ L'tirim-L'aam. ! Chemistr^y, ^^^ ^ /"'z^-hok. 
Chattels, ^-j" ^ shap-inat. ! Cheque. 60 ^ ^ uiraD-y/?<7n. 
Chatter, (to) B^PJ^j^ .tj-si-: Cherish, *^ waai. 

sAe/?^, ■H'Lih-iC'ih-s'henii. | Cherrj, ^ Y^ li-'/.sv??", iJS 

Chatter-hnx, ^|l^ ^//-Vsm.i yt;?^. 
Cheap, :^ p'cng, g^^ I Chess, ^ U| tseung'-k'i, 

Aja'-t^'in-Zai. i (-board) ^ ^ k'i-p'oon. 

Cheat, [5Jq,|§ ivjaahyin^ ^| (-men) ;j^ ^ k'i-^se. 

|§ Ai-/»V. j Chest, ^ ,-^^"/iy, ^ 'l"ung. 

Check, J^Xt: ««^-^<^^^ (i"! (strong) ^Jc || 4a«/- 

chess) U^ ^C Iseiing-kii'un. i tnaan . 
Check-mate, ;^0^ ts'uen- Chestnut, JU^^ A?^"jr-»I'i.it. 

.Am^'-kuuk, ^ ;P yeng- Ghcvaux-de-frise, ^^ ^ 

,, ,. huik-/co/r -•ch.iai . 

Chicken-pox, ^ ^ sAm'- 

• tau'. 
Chicken-hparted, >J> /\]^ /J'* 



SOI. 



Cheek-bones, pj^ ^ "^lenng- 

k'uen. 
Cheer (to) Pg^ hoht-ts'oi. 
Cheerful, ^ yg: /a<7/'-oot. Chief JJJ— "0 t-an-yat-koh\ 



1^ sin-sum-'^ siu-'^Uuim. 



Cheese, Jh^Wi^^ ngau- naai- 



peng. 



(man) o§ H t'au-muuk, 
A t'aa-yan. ^ chue. 



CHi 



42 



CHO 



Chief Justice i^^"^ ohn - 

ch^aaf-sze. 
Chiefly, -^ ^^ i.m\'-yeu/c\ 
. (most of all) ^ ^ ^ 

.cht • kan-iu^. 
Chilblains, ^ 2/ '^ shang- 

loh-paak, |^ ^^ hohn- 
ch^ong. 
Child, ^ ^ ff sai'-mun- 

^tsai. 
Child-bed, ^ ^/?m-^niin. 
Chill, '^ ^ .sA^u/j^-hohn. 
Chillies, ;f^ |;^/a-/5i«. 
Chimney, j(J)j jjj in-puung. 
Chin, 7^ gi'^ l.a'-'hom, ~p 

jiJJ ha'-p'a. 
China, Pfl Q Chnung-hrok\ 

Chung \va. 

China (waie^ jlS^J^ ''^"5' "»*• 
China-aster, ^ ^^ kuuk-fa. 
China-ruct, ^ ^ funk-ling, 
Chinese, (a) ^ \, T'ong-yan 
(language) )g- gj T'ong- 



*wa\ 



Chink, (a) 551 /a\ >^ ^ 
Chintz, fp^flfj yof}^ -fn-j>o\ 



Chip, (to) ^ ^ewA;', '^J sew/r'. 
(^hips, ^ p ^ "foo-'hau- 

ch'aai, /'V/;''- Aa2<-ch'aai. 
Chirp Bj^ PJU chi-chaau, pS 

nffl chaau-chaau. 
Chisel, ^ •tsok, §| JJ 

tsaam^-^o. 
Chit(a), -^^^^jg^ya^ 

faai^ -tsze^- chi. 
Chit-book, ^ ^ 5Wim'-*po\ 
Chloroform, ij^ ^ raa-yeuk, 

Chorn) -^^^^^^ '*"""- 

chaak-/;e . 
Choke, gg Vr'a^^r, ^ g 

yuung-sak, tsuuk. 
Cholera, ^P ]^ vj^ /^aa?^- 
ch'eung-sAa, g|[ftt:g 
/oF-luen^ Vo'-s»\ 
Choose, 4^ i|l /;afl/?- suen. 



Chop, (a mark) !j! ^ tsze - 

ho\ 
Chop, (to) -^ ^5'i^. 
Chop-boat, g| j3^ ^ sa/- 

kwa-pin, (floating-house) 

;^ ^^ lau-*8huen. 
Chopping block, j^rj^^ chum- 

paan. 



CIC 



is 



Clli 



Chopping-kiiife. tU 35 7J ^-•o^'"' S ^vffl '''"'"-""""i/'- 

Chop-sticks i^^//^M'.'/s2«. /''"'-('"• 

Chops, (mcai) j{$ ^ p'aai-,^^"^^^^'^' 'i^ ^Jl] ^•^'"-«»'i"K'. 
;t,^.j// .Cinnabar, ^ ^ g n^un- 



CHKIST, ^'g Kl-TUUK. 

Christian. >(3 ^I » A 

s//f/»'-TE-.VOO-yan. 
Christianity. ]}P ® ^Jc YE- 

Christmas. flUfJ^ B ^'K-jC 



s/ic/. 

Cinnamon, j^] ;;j^:^ yuuk- 

kwai' . 
Circle, ^I Imen. 
Circuit, ^1^ cliau. 

ircular. (a) ^^ 



Chronic, ^ ^ kau'-peng'. Circulate, ^g| t^'uun-waan. 
Chrysalis, ^ _^ kiuoi- Circumcision, ^ij jjj^ hoJit - 

ch'uung, JJ 'ynuxg, J® ^lai. 

p'iu, .Circumference, ^j ^ huen- 

Chrysanthcuiuni, ji^'^'fE ^^^' ' 

i'on^ naam kuuk.fa. • Circumst.ncr.. ^ ffe sze'- 

Chub, (a fish . g| |5 lin-^ue. ' ■''''^' ' ^S '^''"//-"^'' 1^ 
Chunam. (toj :ff ^ jj^ ^^«- 

/boj-s/m. 
Church, ^ ^ /fnr/^/j/^-ooi^. 
Churlish, "gT-f^ Aoo-tuuk. 
Clinrn, (to) ^]: ^c/i'e. 



kaau. 
Cicada, l?jf ^. /.sv^^-^shin. 



^ /.s^/j'-ue . 
Circumvent. ;^ ^ 

Circumvented, ;J5tfiJ gf 



nau- 



/o-(to')-A'r//\ 
Circus, ^ 

ch'cuiii,^ jjjj^.l^m "^ma hi 



JtJ- ucn-Za-^ 



*\\i;\\. 



CLA 



44 



CLE 



Cistern, ^ 'fjfi^L f/i'?"^^- Clasp, (a) ;|^q /r'aw , (hands) 

Hhui-koiuj^ ^ dt. sliek 
(sent/. 
Citron, ^»i^ /i('ini(/-*neu, 

^- fut- nAy///. 
City, g^ ///<;'• (walled) ^ 

slieng, *slienjr. 
Civet, ^ ^H //fi/ii(/-''V\ 



^•^ cAV;- .s/(r///, (to mend) 

^.§ ^111 a. 
Clasp-knife, :|;^ ^ f//iy- fo. 
Class, (a) ^ ff/nf/, (in school) 

JjS Z'^""'". (profession) jM 

^.. ., , ... _*- ^f. I Classic, jSS /a/'?i7. 

Civil, and military, ^ ;^ '•'^ ,/^ ^^ 

mnn- moo. Tfai ils! ^^- 

Livility. jjjg hii, |1J0 ^ tai- -^ 

she\ (outward) jj||'^ 'lai- ^''^"50,^ >^ A-m/, (of a treaty) 
niaau'. | ^ \fooii, ^i t'iu. 

Civilize, |^ 'ft kaau'-fu'. Claw, ;|\ V/?rw//. 

Chick, R|j ;^ g /'//;-/V/^ i Clay, '^ iiai. 

Claim, gij- V-fl. pg ^ num'- 



3 
J// . 



■Clam, j^^ $|3 shd-'^lnn. 
Clammy, ^^ '^^ r//'/-iii . 
Clamour. I1^P0 Inifn-ini, ^^ 

Clamp, (to) -p.^lj Sna-chne . 
Clan, jj^ tsiiuk. ^ si/ir/. 
Clap, i^ y^vW.; . 
<'laret, ^X V^ huung-^tsau. 
Clash, ;;j^ f^ spi/iiff-chong^, 



w ■ c 'c 

'/F ^rv- ng. 



Clean, j^ '^ /<:// -tseng , ^ 

f^ /ro//y?-tseng\ 'k'i-'li. 
Cleanse, j^j[ fg f^ tso'-A;oA/i- 

tseng . 
Clear, ^ /••<■»/;//, ^ mingj 

(sl^T) Bpj ts'ing. 
Clearance, (port-) ^X j»$ 

huung-*p'aai. 
Cleave, (split) 1^ ^| ^ro/i'- 

/lOi. 

Clench, (the fist) :^ :^ ^ 

fl5 r//r/-maai-k'uen-t'an. 
Clepsydra, -^j^ |g tik-hn. . 



CIA) 



4;> 



VIA' 



Clerk, fl*^ shue-*\y.vAu\ ^ 
^ >\ ^s-^-ts/,e -yan. 

€ler idcudrnm, ^ |^ ^^ 
lunng-sliuen-/f/. 

Clever, ^J;^^ '^yau-^jwon- 
8Z0 , ^^ ^ /s'/AW/7-Tning, 



TpS tsengr. 



Cl).;s ;^ )^ tnuuk-k'ek. 
Close, (to) pfj l^g sAwn-maai, 
^ 151 liop-inaui, (finish) 

Close, (ADJ.) ^ mat, (near) 

^P km , k'aii. 
Closj-fi.tcd, ^^^ 'sAau- 
Click, ^ 4iF ^ tik-tak-| Win it. 

sheiif/. I Clot, (to) ^ A-/A ^ k'ing. 

Cliff, ^ j^ 'k'i-po/i, ^i Cloth, ^j j)o\ f woollen) ^ 



ngnani. 



'ynuiii;'. 



Climate, ^/J^ j^ ^shui-^t'o. i Clothe, ^* ^ JjR ckeuJc-i- 
€Iiml), ^ J^ //'rtfm-'eheimg, | fnuk, :^^ i\ 

J^ /(?a«- slieung, ! Chthes, 1^ BB i-fuuk, Z^ 



Clincli, (nails) '^ gg ^ ^ ^ i-sheung. 

ta-hoi-ten;]- mi, i^^J M Cluthes-brusii, ^-^ i-ts^aat . 

'^c/ium-femj-^ml. \ Clotlies-hor.-ic, ;^ ^ i-/cflr . 

4'Iing to, ^ '/^ /:'^«/<-i^5'a<. I Cloud, ^ wan. 
^''Pt 5|f *^/«'"- ll^ p|f ts'oi- Cloudy, ^ III niuung-hiung. 

tsin. Clovp, "Tp ^i tinp-lieang. 

Cloak, -^ ig taai^- Ina. Clown, (actor) Q ^ 

Clock, g^ J^ ^^ shi-shan- paak-pi -kok, (rustic) 

chuimcjy (o'clock) |p|S ^^ ~7C f;K[ heunq-hfx - lo. 



r»»* 



Vz/«- r.biiuiuj. 
Clock-tower (the), 3^^^^' ch'ui. 



Club, (stick) )^ kwan, i^ 



Taai chunng-*\^\\. 



Club-footed, ^ 4 ^ t'oi- 
^ shvij-Ic^uk . 

Clog, (to) P^^ V^oA-chai'. { Club-h )U3e, ^ ^ ooi -Vwo/i, 



Clod, 



j^ kau -nai 



coc 



46 



COI 



Cock, ^ ^ ^kai-^kuwvi. 
Cock up, ^ ^ hiu-^hi. 
Cock, (of a gun) J§ ^ kat- 
irtt, (to) ^@3^ mnaii- 

Cockatoo, ^ i§ S| paak- 

c 
yinch moo. 

1 Cockles, jljl S^ 5~e-,o»i. 



Cluck, Pi§ flS hmk-kuuk. 
Cl:ie, ^ j^ k'au-sm', kau'- 

«m^ (winding of) ^ sue, 

5S ^ t'au-'sue. 
Clumsy, tH. ^ ^'so-tsuuk. 
Cluster, ^ k'au, kon'. 

Clyst^T, {^ ^ jM S ^■^°^^' 

kunk-to -feud ■ 

Coach, 115 m ^"--^^'^- I CockroachT'^' Q kaat-tsaat. 

Coachman, * r/i'«-><'- i ,, , ^jr- ^, .. 

*5. <> , .,> Cocoa-nut, fcR -^ ye- fese. 

Coagulate, ^ |^ ylng-/^l^ __^^' . c, . 

)(^^A-f^n!^i. (ju.ce)W^Cye-.^- 

Coal? It ^ mooi-//««.\'C-^^««"' ^^ ^'-'"' r^ M 
(burn.nr) ^ ^ chenk'- i^'^^rn-' kaan . 
taan\ Cod-fish, ^ ^ mun-ue. 

Coalc'.ce, ^^ sAort?i.9-maai. Cod liver oil j^fffyft " ^oJin 
Coarse, ^!^ U o. yau. 

Coast, f^ J^ ^hoi-j)in. Coerce, gg 'g k'eung-jnX'. 

i'oi. 
'i'-luun. 

Cohabit, ^1 g haap-iu*. 

I Cohere, %^ ig r A't-maai. 

"'''°^' ^ .^ ,^,- Coil, (to) M M p'oon-maai. 

Cobra, ^^ ^ ll^ foh -ki- ' ^Mn.*^ 



Coast, fg J^ hoi-^rin. Coerce, gg ^g k'eung- 

Coat, ^^v; ^ tuai'-s/iflrtw, (ofjcjofiiu, \^^J^ koon-ts'i 

paini) -g dinn .^ Cog-wheel, "^ f^ 'ch' 

Coax, 5! gl^ S'^n-Vau- Cohabit, ^1 E ^'^ap-; 



Cob-wel> jJa^SW c^^'*-/'"'*"- 



haap, ^ jjij^ i^ V«;'-t^au- 

Juiing. 

Cochineal, 3* K ?lt "^^" 
Jaan- mai. 



Coin, ^ '■■'ts'in. 

Coincide, ^^'vA. foo-hop, jig 

nganm. 
Coir, ^qj^ *ye-/, ^ ^/s«/'//'^. 



col. 



C< )M 



Cold, '^ Maancr, Jjt fuwi^', 
(indifferent) ^tj. *JV^ pok- 
ts'ing, )^ ^ 'laang-min', 
}^ j^ 'laang-taan/, (a 

^^''^^ -^ JU, sheung-fuung, 

^pc ^ /ro»i-rao . 
ColeopterouB, 1^3^^ ^^f^p , 

ch'uung-lui . 
Colewort, ^ ^ [^ wong- 

nga-paak. 
Colic, ^j: i^ t'o-t'uung . 
Collapse, j^ ^ pang-'p&a.i , 

[HJ ^ xup.hiu, tfjj (^ 

nip-hiu. 
Collar, J^ ^ fuunn- leng. 
Collai-bone, "^ gb "^ 'so/i- 

shi-^K-i//. 
Collate, ^ jl^ fta-kwoh\ 
Collect, ^^ ijp tsne -maai. 
Collision, jjjIQ :^ semtg- 

p'uung , ^ '^ fm-^Dg. 
Colloquial, '^^ tsuuk-'-wa . 
Collusion, 1^1^ t'uung-mau. 
Colonel, ^^ ts'aam-tseung 
Colonial Secretary, 

foo -thing -sze. 
Colonial Treasurer, )SL^^ti 
foo -moo -sze. 



Colony, ^1^ aan-keung, 

{^ shii'ik-^j/'o/; . 
Colour, ^ s/nk, ^ ^ 

ngaan-s/<7A', "^ y^ s//i/:- 

chaak. 
Column, (of letters) ^ hong. 

(pillar), g ^ch'ue. 

1 fun-Bhui - 



Coma, ^» 

peng'. 

Comatoee, "^ ^& niong-wan. 
Comb,^:^ shoh, (a) ^ ij^ 

chek -^shoh, ffine) ^ 'pi^ 
Combative, f^ ^ fau-ht . 
Combine, 5pO -^ woh-hop. 
Come, ^ loi, (coL.) f^ lai. 
Comedy, f^ ^ Jj^ ^ ^so't- 

«iw -fit -mun J^ k'ek. 
Comet. <}^fl^^ so -pa-sing. 

^Si ^ ^ laap-cb'a-^st>iy. 
Comfits, j^ ^ t'ong-*taan''- 
Comfort, ^M^ ohn-u-ai , ^| 

fi2 Ai^«M -^kaai. 
Comfortable. ^ ^ o/m-lok. 
Comic jj^^ ^^ lio-siu . 
Command, ^^ p{^////e/oo . 
Comnmudrr.' ^ ^ ping- 

*t'an. gfi ^ fau-yan. 



COM 



48 



COM 



Ooniraandnient, ^^ -gM kaai - 

ining . 
Commemorate, ^g^ pm-ki . 
Commence, G^ -^ /wi-^shau, 

hoi-kuumj, ;^"JBf "^hi-^^hau. 

Commencement, ^ ^j^ //t- 

r/<'o//, ^ 2El fiinij-kuwig, 

Commend, ;^ tI^- po-'^tsiaiKj, 

Comment, g^^'f f''"''" -''kaai. 
Commerce, ^ ^ man -yik, 
^ ^ /t'^mw-vik, ^ ^ 
maai-maai ?4",^ shang-i . 
Commiserate, "pT 'I^ hoh-Vm. 
Commission, (to) ^^ ch'-aai- 

wai ^ 4r^ wai-f'ok . 
Commissioner, ^^ ^ ?/?««- 

ComTiiii, (crime) ^[I faan . 

Committee, 'i^ ^ ^ chik- 
'li-yan. 

Commode, ^^|^ niu^-*kwai . 

Common, (pnblic) ^ kimng, 
(vnlgar) -^ tsuuk, (nsual) 
•^^ p'ing-slieung. 



Communicate, i^ ^ kaau- 

k'lip, (tell) ^^ t'lmng-chi. 
Communion, ^ j|| /cct^m- 

thnmg, (spiritual) >[^> ^ 

svm-kaau. 
Community, A _^ yan-man 

]g* j{4 paak'-mvf. 
Campact, ^S *^'f mat-shat, 

(a) 'n* t^ liop-t'uung. 
Companion, |gjf;5-f^ t'liung- 

paan-piwi' |^ ^Hf t'uung- 

poon . 
Company, (mercantile) .^"^ 

kuiwg-sze. 
Compare, J;[^ ^^ '^pi-kaau*^ 

f^ ^ fm'-kicoh\ 
Compartment, [^ ^ kaan— 

*fong. 
Comi)ass, ^^ ^^ loh-|.i'afl??^, 

M ^ loh-p'oon. 
Compasses, ^^ k'wai. 
Compassion, 3^ ^^ ts'zc-^n. 
Compel, ^^ "^k'eung, ^ A;aa7W. 
Compendious, ^ ^ ^kaan- 

leuk. 
Compensate, ^^ '^ ^p9- 

sheung, ^ |^ p'ooi >. 
Compete, j^ /"f/z/^ 



COM 



49 



COX 



i 



Competent, J^ ^J /.v?/f/A;- 1 Compositor. ^ ^ ^ <•/<///?- 
yuunrr\(man) g^^J uang- 1 tsze'-yan, ^^ Jg: ;^^ ^ 
sze\ 7^1 1^ rh^inn'-chik. \ p'aai-ooL-';w«/'-y;in. 

Complain, fp % so-^z/./;, [Jj ' Compcuul, ^^ %m//-wun. 



^ ^if rh^uu(-u en' -in. 

' * " ^1.4 j.^.h c t Compound interest, ^)J h 



T^lJ li'-sheung^li\ 



maai- 



Complaisant, ^^^ 

^cliuen. gy 

, Comprador, S 

Complete, jg ^ fA«//-t8'uen,! , , -^ 

-f-^shap-ts'uen, (to) 5g;|(.^^^p^^.j^^^^^j^ ^^ .^.^^_ 

^hing- i'a'w', (compdse) ^ ;J'J 

Completely. P^ s^wj'. paau-V'ooi\ 
Complexion, ^"^ miu'-s/itX-- 1 Compress, J|g aaf, W '^ 

Complicated ) v^ , s^ c/^af//;'-chne\ idb: kip, ^ 

Complex J *^ •'^ kaa)i\ j^ kum , ^ waa/i. 

^ shum-o\ ^A^ toh-koo\ Comprise, ^i}^ paau-toot'. 

Complication, ^ ^ ^ ^ Compromise, ffi ^ -^1* ^ 

M-sze'-V/aV?/7-niaai. a<'w/.9'-iu-'5A'7«;/y-szo\ (in- 

Compliments, ffl ^ mun^ ^°'^^) tlE^-^ ^'^^'-l"''- 

, 3 , X , ..• V -tti Compute, %. IS^ .s^/^'/i^-tok. 

hau, (congratulations) ^ ^ m v rt o , , o 

Comraae, -^ g J- foh-h . 

Concave, Fp [||] HfJ ^c/iuun-f/- 
kaan-niip. 

Conceal, ^ [^ ts'ong-rjiife, 
(one's self) :^j^|^ toh-niky 
Jg pi', [g JS /j//:-maai, 
«»-maai. 

Concede, g^ \^ live- cJnn/n, 



kuung-^/ii. 
Comply, ^ ^ f-ts'uung, j;^ 
:fjj i'cn/-ts'uang, )lg ;^ 
Bhuun'-ts'uung, 

I Compose, ^ ;gg oA?i-maai, 
^ :^ ^i'at'-maai, (write) 



CON 



50 



COX 



um-tia 
Condiments, 



•liu , * 



Conceited, g g tsze'-/-o, g | Condescend, "J^ g ha^W, 

■)<;^ tsze^-taaP. g ,^ shui-nim', ^ "j; 

Conceive, '|^)Jp waai-Z'oi, ^^ 

^^ PJ4 yau-luuk-^aap\ 

(think) /f^ seung. 
Concern, (to) ^ ;^ kwaan- 

s/iip\ ^ |a^ /i/rd'a/i-shuuk, 

(a) ^ ^ sze'-A:o/?7i'. 
Concert, (in 7(<D ^'^1 woh-haai, 

ngok-y/Aw 



^^ ^ tseung - 
suiing . 
Condition, '("g ^ ts'ing-s/m?'', 
^i^ 'king-l\\ (terms) ^ 
^Jg c/(P?//7//-ch'ing. 
Condole, fp gl tiu-wai. 
Conduct, ^ -g hang-wai. 
Conduct, ^ ^1 W-\an. 
Conciliate. ^ffO ;''m//:'-\voh, I ^^"®' %^'f' tk ^■'^^'^tn-'tsze- 

g| ^g^ ^/W-siyk j Confederate, ||^ ^ t'unng- 

Concise!^*|^fj § '/wa;^-leuk,; '°'^"=- 

. Confer, (_?ive) ^ fs'ze\ (cun- 

uen- lin. 



^"'t) S4 ^J ^'ii^m-rheuJc 



Kaan-\.?>\t. 
Conclude, ^ "J^ 

uen-Ai,/, (decide) ^ jg ^^^"'■e««' Eg } 'n,?', ^^ fg 

ting'-i'. i ^/«>-ying', (a mistake) gg 

Concord. ^ woh. yf* ^ p'ooi-;?«/-shi\ 

Concubine, ^ ts-ip\ ^ ^ Confide, ^ ^^ smm^-tok^. 

trip -shi . Confident, -(i^ jg k'ok^-suun*. 

Concur. JHJ er t'uung-t , [qJ Confine, (to) ji^ ^ .skau- 

^ fuuiiu--f/// . I kum , fffl >f^ aa;; -chue^. 

Condemn. ^ [fu ting -tsui\ | Confirm, ^/^ AnVi-ting , iM^ 
Condense, ij'j^ ^]§ s!hau-shuuk, ^ 7?V«"-shat. 

|± ^ 4»Amaai 



Confiscate, ^ *& kicai-konn 



TON 



61 



COK 



Conflict, ^ ;1^ .sfw/j/y-chong', Congregate, Jf^ ^ tsue^-ooi'. 

fX t&l \f"">^-('(^u\ Congregation, ^ ^ ooi'- 

Oonforni, l|jJ j^ rhiu^-i, ^ chuumf . 

ohn\ ^ ^ nhn'-'rhmm. I Congruous, ^ ^ foo-hop, 
€onfound, :^ '^ V,i-wan\ j gg ^iif/aam. 

(by fear) ^ J[ /:j>2//-iuen', | Conical, ^-jp^ ^suun-Usze 

(mix) jgi ^ \van'-tsaap,l •jeung\ (roi,.) ///«^. 

^' g[ /c;-luen\ lo-lo-*luen\ Conjecture, ^ ^ rA'ar//- 
Confounded. ;g. |g wan'- seunff. ^ ^ dcajx-^moh. 



cheung . 



i6 



Confront, ^.| \^j ^ fvP- Conjunction, ^^ ooi^-hop. 



*min - k'i, 
suim . 



chat- 



Connect, :g ^ t$ii? -i%u\±. 
Connive, g^ ^ ^ cha'-pat- 

Confucius. 51 ^"f ^^ff"^>i!/- ^^'^^■> c^i^('-m-kin\ 

foo-'^tsze. Conquer, ^ jgj^ shing^-i\k. 

Confute, ^ ^\ pok'-'lo. ^ yeng. 

Confused, g[ laen\ I Consanguinity, 'j'j' |^ jgj 

Congeal, i^Jji k-ing-Z^/w///. | /£M7/^yunk-/sV?//. 

Congee, ^'^ tAi<«i'. Conscience, ^ >\^> leung-.<fj«». 

Congenial, ^ J(|^^ -7]^^ hop- Conscious. Q '*^« tsze'-^o^t, 

@ 5JJ ts.c^.//. 



kiio-mok^ . 



sum- shui. 
Congenital, ^p'^ t-oi-^sham/. 
Congestidn, fy ^^ ^ ^ 

noi''-it-shins:-/cS/7i:. 
Congo, 31 ^ ^^ kuwui-foo- 

ch'a. 
Congratulate, -|j^ ^^ ku/mtj- 

'fn, ^ -^ hoh^^-V^-. 



ConsoFU. j!^{^ '^wnn- chuun^ 

yj^ "^ \vun- Art'»/7. 
Consequence, k3 ^ kivnan- 

hai\ 
Consequently, ^jf* j^ sAo/i- i. 
Conservative, ^- ^^ ^shin- 

kint/. 



CON 






COX 



Constipation, ^ »J^ p'i- 
Siioon, ::^ f^ ^ i^ faai'- 
pin^-;'rt/-/'2m/j/7, jg ^^- M^- 
kui/Jh/. 

Constitute, jjl ''*'^P» I^ 

shing. 
Constitution, ^jr-^jj cfuit-*ii , 
^ ^ tsze-c/i(/f. 
Consignee, ^ |^ A ^*""?" Constrain, ^Jg'niin-^k'cung, 

paan^-yan. 
Consist of, m ^ noi -Sau. 



Consider, W, ^, }^\ sze- 

Considerably, ^'^ sliaau, ^ 

;^ leuk-*leuk. 
Considerate. ?^ ^ i^ ^vau- 

sai^-sum, j^'fj!} jg /v/m/<//- 

t8'in<r-^li. 



Consistent, "gj ^ >ffi HJ 

ts'in-llau'-sr(tm^-/ut^ (with) 

^ hop. 
Console, 4r ^ ohn-imi'. 
Conspi:?aous. J|^ [fj tak- 

ch'uut. 
Conspire, ^ gj A'j/ -mang, 

(things) ;^ S ^ ^s'o«'- 

inaai-lai. 

Constable, (local protector) 

:Hb iS^ ti'-V^' (police) jf 
^ po'-yik. 

Constant, jjjj ^ ^ ^ noi - 
kau-^ mo-pin^, "^ ^ pat- 
hit'. 



5M "^ '^k'eung-Viri'i, 
Coiifetruct, 1^ ^ /rm'-tso'. 
Consul, ^ ^ 'j^ iing-sze^- 

Consult, J^^^d chum-chci£r 
j^ ^ *''''^f i^''/7-lenng. 

Consume, (spend) ^ fai^. 

Consunimatc, ^ ^ uen- 
ts'uen, (to) ^ shing. 

Consummately -j^ ^J* chap- 
fiui. 

Consumption, (disease) f\^y 

Contact, p^j '^ to2?-hop, ^^ 

-^ /s'^M^-hop. 
Contagious, 



c. 
im, 

c. 
im. 



ch'ucn- 



00:-;;h'U(.;U 



cox 



C(.).\ 



Contain, ^ ^ c/wn(;-tsoi\ 

^ '/^ /w/;/-haam. 
Contemn, jj|{5 'j|^ V*-"»^^"'» 



Contract, (a) ^ [^^J hop- 
t'nun.tr, (to) -jj- <;'»| |,^ap- 
//e?</c\ (for workj ^' j^, 
p'oon^-kuung, (lesson) 



V'i-pok. I shiiuk-s(ii\ 

Contemplate, g|^ ^, mak- Contradict, ^'j: ,^ pin'-y/^y/^', 

^ ^^* ^ wa'-y^/?/-slii\ 



seuiit/. 



.3 » 



Contemptible, pJiR '/'"/*->». ^^ -'m-hai , g| fji:.J;i | 



Contend, | 
Contest, J 



iisran. 



/(U(n- c/iueii-v^di'. 
^ //^rw/^.y. Contrary, j^Jjl .moi'/-%^,>,, 

^ yik, n^'aak. 

Content, ^^ o/in-fnn\ ^ ^^ , ., 

' ><. yj .^Z, Contribute, (nionev) ; 

^ !:m'.kau\ ^ Jg. ./.t- ^,,^,^ • 

tsuuk, Q |:^ taze'-;'-^;^. 
Context, J^ '~K ^ sheiing^- 

ha'-man. 
Continent, ^ ^j|'| taai''-t7/a'?/. 

Continuallv, ^ M l"i'-lui', <^'onvalescent, ^ ijf ^ T^f 
n "^ .^W psng i-^eunri-kan - ho. 



J^^-ZJ 



Contrive, g-p 1J /r.?i'-5 

fi f^ ^'>T?o///-t3eun«,'\ 
Control, ^^\\ fhai . 
Contumely, )^ ^ lino'-yuuk. 



jii //^/-*iau, ::p @ 

^^/-•lau, ^ ^ i>(it-lnf\ 
Continue, |5^ ;^ noi'- knu. 
Continuous, ;;ji§^ seiwy-\m. 
Contraband goods, ^ ^ 



Convenient, '^'^ pin^-^^//^ , 
3;^ g /(>//<7-pin\ -gl piti'. 

Convent, ^*^ «w-t'ong. 

Converse, |^ |^ t.aara-luuu\ 
pkWi t-aam-fuam, j^ ^f 
fieu>i;/-kaau. 



coo 



54 



COR 



Convert, (to) /^^ ^kom-fa, 

tf^"^. /'"' - chuen. 
Convert, (a) «;|fe ^ tsuun'- 

Jcaau\ ^ ^ yap'-haau. 
Convex, Pp f^ J?!l chnung- 

J.aan-int. 



Convey, f^ig y'Of"-\van 

J)007l, ^ ^^<^"'\ ^ ^«<"' • 

Convict, (to)^ p ting'-tsui'. 
Convict, (a) :^1 A f^^a^'-yan. 
Convince, f^| -glj pin'-'^fl, ^ 
^ lins chi. 






ConvolvuluB, ^^^2 ch'in- 
t'ang-/«, (the lilac; ^./f^ 
^ "^'ng-c/man-'luung. 

Convoy, ^f} .sif«n//-hang. 

Convulsions, :|^^§^ ch'au- 
r/t'?m^-peng . 

Cook, ^ K yoA-n'au, ^ 
A cli'ne-yan, fj^gj tso'- 
ch'ue, (female) ^^jl^ 
V/??<e-faan^- ma fmflj, (to) 

Cooked, ^ shuuk, 
chue-shunk. 



/vr» (T>» 



Cool, ^ leung, (to) |^ / 
'chin(j-tiiung\ Jgjl^ lenng- 
/a/'oA\ ;^i|§7^^ leung 
kiroli ha cAa , Lo cool off a 
little. 

Coolie, ^ JP kooyi-tim , 
(street-) ^JC;^ Hu-foo. ^ 
p^ ffM kaai-koo-U, or Yl^ 
j*^ ^- taam-taam • la. 

Coollv, +0 ^ ^^V/rtM-in. 



Cooper, 



foo- f'liung- 



tseung , foo-^t'uung- lo 
Co-operate, "[^ "/j hip-lik. 
Copper, ^ t'nung, fj; ||f 

huung-t'uung,^|[fl]shuuk- 



t'uung. 



Copperas, ^ ^ tsHng-fasm. 
Coppersmith, ^ |^ t'uung- 

•tseung , ta-Vuung-ke . 
Copulate, ^ ^11 hiau-kavi', 

f7 3^ hang-fong, ^ ^ 



1=1 

kaau-\\o\), (said of animals) 

:^ 5^ ^" chuung. 

Copy,(a)f^V(to):y?:g 
ch^aatc- se, (slips) j^ ^ 
;k^ ?/«/?. -t8ze'-*/rc/«^ . 

Coral, ^ ]^ shaa7i-* 00. 



COR 



5r> 



COT 



Cord, ^$5|L'iu-'shing,j 

Gordiallv, ^ FJI xl-chuung, 

-W* )\]^ l:nin-sum. 
<:ore, ^\^^ sunt, tfli^ chmmg- 

Coriander, ^ ^ uen-sai. 
(Jork, (a) -^^ chaU (to) ;^0 

/^ ihat-c\\ViQ , ^ p sa/c- 
hau. 
Cork-screw, yg^ ^ '^f.sa?^- 

tsuen . 
Cormorant, §j| ^|| lo-*ts'ze. 
Corn. ^- wuh, ^ kuiilc, (on 

the toe) ^§ IP^ /rrtft-'^ngaan. 
Cornelian, ^ J^ ma-^no. 
'Corner, -^ kok, -^ B§ kok - 

*L'an, (of a room) -^ |^ 

gg kok^-Iok-*t'au. 
Cornice, i^ Jg ^ ts'euug- 

t'au-*sm\ 
Coroner, ,5^ J^ ^ ':i^ --sA?- 

Corpse, ^ j^ ''sze-shi. ^ 

"fj sA/-*'shau. 
Corpulent §£ -^^ fi-taai\ 



Correct, f& ^^ 'mo-tsWt^, 
cbeuk, jSjg ]p tueji-ching\ 
i*S 3fr tuen-fong, (to) gj^ 
^1) 'koi-!^euk\ ^ ]£ V:o«- 
'•hing^. 

CorresjK)nd, ;;Jg ]g vejmi;- 
y%', (by letter) ^ |= 
tunng-suun . 

Corridor, ^ long. 

ff ching - 



Corroborate, i^ 



5an^-waai', 



shat. 
Corrode, ^^ 

^^ kM ^^" -shik. 
Corrupt, (morally) ^ ts'e, 

(putrid) J^ f^ W-laan\ 

(to) \^ ^ '^ kivwi-v:a,sii' . 
Cosey, (tea) ^ ^ ch'a- 

A'V/w {see Cozy). 
Cost, (the) ^ |m maai-Zra , 

^^/.//-ts'in,;^^ y^oo/e- 

ts'in, (to) jj^ ^tai. 
Costiveness, ^ -j^ '^ 5^ 

taai^-pin■'-;w^^^/^/;^^. 

CoStlv, ■§" /.V'Y/i'. 

Costume, 3^:|^ cliong-jman . 
Cottage, /J> ^ '^siu-uuk, 
{^ inik- isai. 



cor 



56 



cor 



Cotton, (raw) "^^ :^j^ niin-y?/, 
(y-irn) -\% ^ \n\n-sha, 
(cloth) ^|j po . 
Coucli, []^ 1^ fihui^-V, 

Jj^ l-'-omj -cli'ong. 
Cough. {^ ^ Irnt-sav. 
Council, •^ *oc)i . 
Counsel, 1^1 I men . 
Connsellor, (legal) j^^ gjjj 

chong -.s.-<'. 
Count, (t(i) ^^ ■■<ue/i^-s/to\ 

Countenance, ^ ^^ min^ 

maau , (to) ^^f^ g| rhiu^- 

koo . 
Counter, (a shop-) iM j^ 

Kwai -'wai. 
Countcr-haiance, '^ M; ttii'- 

tai. 
Counteract, *|^)J k,m -rhn , 

Jtft '^;,./-chue^ ^ ^ 

toi'-chue''. 
Counterfeit, fg fj^- 'yt^;-ts(/. 
Counterpane, gj* ^ '^p'i. 
*rain . 



Countrv, g /^,/.o/; , (^the) ^p 

Couple, f^ Sio-au, §j- /;«,\ 
Conplel. f .j-j]^ '/(^^*Jaen, f .f 



Courage, fjg^;^ V/^//?2-leung', 
^ M yii"ng-/»'\ (keep 

sui/t-koh?/. 
C.uragcons, ;;f^' )|^^ taai'- 

Course, ^ ^ ^o'-lo', (of 
course) g ^^ tsze'-in, (at 
a meal) — • jg: y^/Mo^ — - 

Court, (the Imperial) ;|jj g 
ch'iu-t'iiig, (of justice) ^ 
P^ nga-*moon, (Supreme) 
^ ^ iiip-^shue, (Police) 
^ ^ t8'uun-'li->p. 
(to) j^ k<an. 

Court-jurd, ^^ t-in-^tsei/rj. 

Courtesan, -^ ^ ^h-^kne. 

Courtesy, /pg ^ ^lai-num, 

M fi 'lai-Va/, ,|| gi; 
lai-.s/<o . 



cox 



it 4 



CliA 



Cousin (inak), ^ '^ 31 
■^ sho/t t'oivj! /li/if/ tai', 

(oUkr) i^-fC'^:^t^' •^^'"^' 
t'onLT taai^ A', (younger") ^[^ 

(feamle) '^fc^H^fl^i- shoh 
t'onu,- A<!r luooi^, (elder) j^ 

'^^ffl ^^'''^^ ^'^"" ^^'^^^ 
/at, ((if another surname) 

35 it ^ V'"-''">'.(/-ta«'- 
< 'ovenaut, ^^ //.,/^'\ Wj^ ^^ 

man<^-//e?/A; . 

<'over, "^ ^ chc-lroi , 5^ 

"(t V:v/)H-chue , ^ ^'z/j;, 

M ^'''^''' tS '""' '''"'• ^^^ 
luita coverincr on) if^J/Jflo//. 

Coverlet. ^ p^ p'i-*min\ 

€ovet, ^ /v/a?/K 

Covetous, -^ <][%w t'aam-xum. 

(Jpw, ^?fc. -|^ iigau- moo, Zt. 



ngau- 7irt. 



Cewartl, ^ )]f^ mo- ta«>«, 

Coxcomb, (flower) ^ ^ ^^ 
kai-koon-fa, (a fop) ^J^ 



'aam-ivai. 



Cozy, 4^ '1^ /;////- nuen (ae* 

Cosey). 
Crab, §(■ 'haai, (small) §f 

^jtt ji'aanc:-*k'i. 
Craok, d-j^gj '7*V^^'-lit, (to) 

f//i'/\7-lit, (the fingers) ^ 

•^ 0|\ r//»////- shau-pwik. 
Cracked voice, j^ ifp ^ 

ch^aak-ch^aal:-sheng. 
Crackers, ij^ Vf jraa?< -chunk, 

'/S ^ ;''^ "/-•tscung . 
Cracking, ^^g ^ig g F/*^- 

/w«7r -fihcnr/, p'lik-p'lak. 
Craft, Mh ^ iigai -ip. 
Crafty, 3|i^ 3^^ /r^i-aflr- haa?/, 
Cram, ^l|[^£ r/i'rta/? -shat, ^"^ 

VS5 ^'^'^^'^V " iiioon. 
Cramp, "^Ijli^l k.in-skuuk- 

maai. 
Cramped, ^"^ ^'Mvn -/>t7i:. 
Crane, ^ hok, ^ f^g ^m- 

Dgo^' ffi S@ W-oivj-k'oot , 

(a machine) -f jfil^^ 

tsf-m-kan- kaan- ka. 
Crank, (a) ]|$tf5 ^ kacw-peng . 
Crape, ^ |^ /sflf^ -ch'au. 



CRE 



OS 



CKI 



Craving, (an artificial) j^ 

'van. (natural) ^|^ yunk. 
Craw-fish. (sea> ^i^ luung- 

Crawl, mi laa^K Jfc| fl ] ' .- 
hang, (as a vrorra'^ ^ pj\ 
sAtfvJt- ha, ^>*^nT\ ^>i^«- 
auw-*ha . 

CrazT. ^ nsrong'. j^ :^ 

Creak. ^ ^ nget-i^W!7. 

Cream. ^^^ ngan- naai- 

p-i. 
Crease. ^ ch*aaa. ^ j^ 

'cAt/i^-di'aaD. :||p )^ rM- 

ch'aan. 
Create, ^ ^ r^-oM^-tso'. 

Creator, ft ft ± tso'-A- 
'M«/. fl] i^- ^ cA-on/- 

t80-V 

Credit. -(= 



i verse!) 

.- . - "-^ 

Creditor, fg^ -Jiam - dki». 



Credulous, ^ ^ Hfig-suwi . 
Creed. ^ ^(^ v<j/MM -iin_i7. 



Creel 



;w 



crruunQ 



\m \ 



ch'uung-iaau . 
Creep, ^ Ia<w. 
Creeper, 39 1^ Z^ffn-t^anr. 
Creeping sensation, ^jft^ 

ma-ma-^rj . 
Crescent ^ ^ ^ 5j':-ue:- 

yicg. 

cre^, :;K ^ ?R '^''^■-^'^^' 

Crest, (of a cock} ^ ^ V 7i- 
koon, k.ri-l'wraj,^ yoi other 
birds) ^ 



~> . int. 



laan 



Crevice, 
Crib, 

"cribbici:''" 
Cricket, jgi^ 



h -hrik. 



^'k for 



Crinic, ^^ isuj . 
Criminal, 5^ ^ tsui'-jan. 



tou - lo. 



-m; 



Crimp, (to) j^^ - 

ch^aau-maaL 
Crimson. ;^ Ij ^ taai - 

huunc-s^jir. 



CRO 



59 



OKr 



Crmnm.^^i^ii^ fust' 



i-oon - kion. 



Cripple, g^ J^ j>aai-keiifc . 
Crisis, (come to a) ^:^<!t|i 

sze -^0 -t'au-loi (lai). 
Crisp, ]^|(j^ /s'«»' . 
Criticise, :j^^ =2ji ;)V/i-p'inp:. 
Crockery, ^^ :^ ts'ze-Ai . 
Crocodile, fi^ '^ ngok-ue. 
Crooked, ^[J^ waan-k'-uuk, 

^^ ^ luen-k'uiik. 
Crop, ||^ ^ s/w?f-\vok, jj^ 

tso , (a bird's) ^^^ sin- 

P(^"u, ^ ^ sui-wo/i. 
Cross, (a) -^ ^ ^ shap- 



3 C 



waang- 



tsze - ka, (-wise) 

(make a) ^ 'fjW kaau-ka, 



(irritate) i|x^ kik-nau. 



maan. 



Cross, (peevish) ^ 

Cross-bar, i^ j^ wang-aa/ , 

^ #1 waang-»luung. 
Cross-examine, 7|>^^ waang- 



tit 



59 



waauur-mim 



Cross-grained, >}^^ waaiig- 



Crotclicty, ^^ k'i-waang. 
Croucii, 5^ ^ ts'uen-fuuk, 

hiau-tai. 
Croup, P;^ p^ hnau- ch'tien, 
^ ^ //^WM-peng'. 

oo-tseuk , (to) p^ t'ai. 
Crowbar, |b^\] ^ tunng -ts'iu. 
Crowd, ^ ^ i/?/M«/7-tsaap. 

(to) ^^ tsai-^yuung, ^g 

Crown, (top) Jp /jw^, (orna- 
mental) ^ ^ ^of?"- min. 
Crucify, ^T + 4^ 



fnun,5[^^ kwaai-cheung. 



teng sbap-tsze - ka, ^ 

^P teng- sze. 
Cruel, ^ ^, ts'aan-Vfl"- 
Cruet-stand, i ^j^ ^ ^ng" 

rai'- A:«. 
Cruiser, ^/|g tsniun-*shuen. 
Crumb, j^ ]^ sit'-sui, 0^ 

:ft^. sa/j- .'••?//. 
Crumble, :f^. ^ 'f<J-s?a'. 
Crumple, ^fj f J ch'aau- 

mang-mang. 



CUF 



i;u 



CUR 



Crush, Kl^ art^-waai', jg 
j^ rm^-laan\ ^0 cha, 
(with the hand) 



f//fl-laan , i5^ rAa . 



Crust, ^ /^fl/c', 5|g j^ 

ngaan^'-*p'i. 
Crust V, ^ ok\ 
Crutch, ;i9>v^^ ^A'^-cheung\ 

/■?/.v/«/-*chenng\ 
Cry, nj^ haam\ H^|- ^ Z-«/^- 

Crystal. ^fCt^H ■-^hui-Uimj. 
Cube, 3^ ')j laap->rt//, :^ 

-^/ ^f^ laap-A/«7-yin<,s -^ 

-p ^lll .sA/A-- /.S0e-*yeuiig'. 
Cubit, /^ '7iV^\ 
CuckulO. H^ ^ liicai-kmmfi. 
Cuckoo, (Chinese) fgfj)]'^' 

tsHti-kang-tsenh , ;)jv]2 il^ 

to -In/en. 
Cucumber, ^Ei^^ \voiig-/c//'fl. 
Cud, (to chew) ^A ^ faan- 

Cudgel, TJ^i^ muuk- p'aang. 
Cne, I^J ;7i//. {i^g| t'iu-j«//. 
Cuff, ^J P tsau'-V^r//4 (to) 



Culpable, "frr W hoh-chaak . 
Cultivate, ^Ijlj^' kaiuj-chvwig , 

(plants) ^^ \»/n. 
Cumber. ^ yi^' rZ/^/z-chai , 
chai . 

g % lui'- 



Cumbersome, 



chui . 



=JZ. c 



.5 =./ 



Cunning, ^g4" toh-*kai .= 



ku:ai-ku'td. 



Cup-board. ii^gfM o^y/^-*kwai . 
Curb, ;^J /fj iak-chue', ig 

"^ koon-clihmk. 
Curd, ^:ft)^ 'ue-/;//', (bean-) 

^- fel tan^foo'. 
Curdle, ^^|i ying-A'./'. 

Curiosiiy, (of mind) ^^ _^ 
Pl^lin -ki)i -sJiik, 



^ i"li'a-cl)'a-r//'rt(^// -ch'aat . 
Curiosities, "i-^ A'^o- tiiung, 
^J^ k'i-r//a». 



///e;?-maai. 



I Curl, gi 

I Curly hair, ^ g^ ^ '''^''^'^ 
I fan faat . 
Currants, ^^^^ r7/y<f-p'o- 
t'ai. 



crs 



(;i 



)A1I 



Ourreiit, (a) ;;J<;5^ shin-hu. 
<''urrent money, ;^^ tnung- 



po. 



(!'urrent price. 0^ ^^ ahi-^^/ . 
Curry-powdcr, 



' rnt.^\\ hoht\ ^ tsUt\ (off) 
ijifr rhaam, (acquaintance) 

Ciittlelisli. ^ i^^ rfieunij-wQy 






^on^-keung-fun, (-stuff) 

^ M W f^ ^"'-li-ts-oi- 

Iiu\ 
Ourse, PJi^O^ rJian'-choli , (to 

vow) ^^'P)^ to-chau . 
Curtain, ^^/'" -*lim,(ni08- 

Curve, ^^' [|]J traan-hi/uk. 
Cushion, "1^ ^ yuuk- tsai, 

tS^^ S'-ti.i' C^'ri). 
Cuspidor, ^ ^^ Vsiam-knon . 
Custard-apple.^^^l"^ farm- 



lai -fA/. 



Custom, (coniniori) ^ ^^ 
tu'iii- kur, jih -^ ,sV<ai - 
tsuuk, ^'^ /w?//?^-t8Uuk, 
(tribute) ^ .sAw<: , (houee) 
^ P kwaan- hau, ^^ 
.s/<M -^koon. 



Customer, 
haak . 



maai- 



g J9 niaU-ue. 
Cycle of sixty, :jfg ^ fa- 

kaap . 
Cyclone, jj^ ^ suen/wu/iy, 

M S8 ./'''^''.y-l^au^ ;^f| 

JH tiiai launof ///?//;//, ^g 

Cymbals, 0^ ^ iiaau-poot. 

Cynical, |J ^J Vwrt-Ai'. 
Cypress, 4l]>|^^ jdn-paak . 

D 

Dab. ^ tap, P^ /^//, (to wet) 
i^y^; tap-.sA?/jo, tat-sJaq). 

Dab, fish, vl? 3- -^ Hha- 
inang"'-*ue. 

Dabble in, ^ luung . 

Dace, fish, ^ j^ ^^ wong- 



mi-luun. 



Daddy, :^ ^ /e-/?. 



tuen-kim . 



Dagger, ^j3 ^ 

Daggle, |g f^^ Voh-'mm. 

Dahlia, ^r;^- ^//<'?//i;'-yeuk. 



DAX 



(;2 



DAT 



Daily, H H yat-yat, # g 

mooi-yat. (use) Q ^ yat- 
juung . 
Painties, |^ ''mi . 
Dainty, ^;^ Iciu-lncai . 
Dais 2 



^ J "^^ ''^''^ ^'*^'- 
Dam, (mother) ^ "^;ia. 

Dam, (a water-) ^ ^ H- 

^vai, [^ ;,», (to) g (Jg 

sak-pi, ^ yuung. 
Damage, ;t^ Jt^- swen-waai . 
Damask, ~^'^^ taai'-/a- 

*tuen . 
Damn, (to curse) JE IB. 

chau -choli . 
Damned, to be, ^^ ^ cMt - 

toh\ S^J^ toh'-lok-A-ai. 
Damp, ^ sAajy, (and soft) 

^ num, (to become) ^ 

^ ch'iu-sAi/;?, (to) ^%. 

ching-slmp. 
Damson, /J^ ;j^ */M-mooi. 
Dance, ^^ ^. ^ru - moo. 
Dandelion, ^ ^ ^ p'oo- 

Ituung-ying. 
Dandle, ;^^l^ i^-'^a, :}gp]; 

/a?< - ha. 



Dandy, ^^ ^^ (hong-hong^ 

fi W^ -dF ^ uen-/?>r/- 

Vsse-tai . 
Danger, j^ j^ ngai- him. 
Dangerous, (^ At;//. 
Dangle, pj^^^-^ tiu'-*tiu'- 

fing'. 
Dare, §^ kom, |@i^ toani- 

■ ^o?n. 
Daring, ^ ^ taai - iaam. 
Dark, ;^ Af?A', IB Htf /^aA-- 






Darling, !|^ ^ t'uung -oi , 
^Jl^.^^ ^cheung-sheuvig - 
chue. 

Darn, ^^ *^ chik- po. 

Dart, (to) ^ s//»7W, (an ar- 
row) Iftif taau'-^sm', :^ 

Dash, (to) yrtl ;|^ ch^uiing- 

chong . 
Date, (time) :^ ^ ^ Jiin- 

uet-ho\ 
Dates, (dried) ^ ^^ mat- 



Dandruff, ^M :^ t'au-nai. ' yeung- ?so. 



tso, (jujube-tree) ^ 
"^^so-shue^ (palm) ^ ^ 
g j)oh-sze- tso, 7^ -^ 



DKA 



63 



DEII 



Datura, ^ ^ :^ naau^- 

yeung-/«, ^gli^Mf ™^a^'- 

t'oh-loh. 
Daub, ^Y^ t-n-on, ^ ch'a. 
Daubed, ^^%^maat-tak- 

t'so. 
Daufjhter, -^ niie, (your) 

■^ ^ ts'in-Jcum, (-in-law) 

Daunted, ^ ^j^ sc^n^- -/^» . 
Davits, g^ j^ kat-Zirat. 
Dawn, ^ ^ ^ f'w-'kan- 

kwojig, 3'C't'®3t ^'^'^ w^^'^^^' 
^?ro?//7>^^?«M2/»^-leung . 

Day, g yat, Q ^ yat-'fes«. 

Day-light, Q ^ paak-c^fl?^ , 
Q paak-yat, (morning) 
3^ ;^ Pm-kwong. 

Dazzle, |^ :/£ Ig ch'aang- 
/«-Sigaan, B^ cU'aang . 

Deacon, ^ If. chap-&zQ . 

Dead, '^[Pg ^sze-^choh, 'sze- 
Jiin, ^ ^ shan-koo , J^ 
^ ^^<!'tfA -shan. 

Deaf, 3j luung, 1^ ^ fi- 
lming, (dull) I^"^ ^i-pooi\ 

Deal, (to) ^^ Aaaz^-yik, (a 
good-) ^ ^ 'ho-toh. 



Deal, (wood) ^7^ ch'aam - 

muuk. 
Dear, ^ Arz/^'fl'i , (loved) "^^ 

Deatb, ^ ^sze, ^Xj ''-^" 



moug. 



Death-rattle, J^ ^ ch'-e-hi . 

Debase, '(^'(ft ® tJC ^"'"^'- 

toi-Dgan- sAin". 

Debate PI P ^ ^«" - ''^«?/- 
io^ , ^ 1^ rAaar?^-Iuun . 

Debauch, (to) ^h yi^ ^tim-oo, 
3^ yT^" tim-oo. 

Debauchee, g fe :2 ^ 
tsau-shik-chi-t'o. 

Debauchery, j^ ^ san^ - 

Debilitate, i^ Jg ^ s"*^"- 

uen-Ai', i^M.i} ^'^^^'• 

hi-lik, ^ ^ waai^-s/ia??. 

Debility, |JC ^ 'uen-yeuk, 

itMiM uen-Z/z'-.-'/iCi/n^, 

Debit note ;g, |^ hHi-taan. 
Debt, ^^ him-chaai , ^ 

/tm -foo , (debts) ^ 

/ii/« -hong . 



DEO 



64 



DEE 



Debtor, ^^"f^ rhaai - tsai,^i|^ 

'fg" ^ him -chaal -van. 
Decade, -^ ts'nnn. 
Decalogue, -I-' ^ shap-/.'aGj . 
Decamp, ^ ^ ?'-t//'-i-ii . 
Decant, ^^ pi- . 

Decapitate, ^JH •'^^^'''/^*'''aii- 
Decapitation, j}^ ^- ^7/J7?y - 

faat . 
Decayed, ;^ i^ 5A?/^waai , 

g.|;f niooi-laan', ^^i^:^ 

foo- ho. 
Deceit, ^|| ff^j kwai-kwut. 
Deceitful, ^^'(^ <^lta- kn. 
Deceive, gg ,|§ moon-;?'m , 

December, j^ "4" HI ^ 

}'in_^-8liap-i^-uet. 
Decency, -^jjjf hop-'lai. -§► 

T^ hop-sAiVi:. 
1 )ecide, ^ {^' A"U6>^ -turn , 

Decision, zfc ^ chue-i . 
]^eck, (the) j|| ^ /.s'on^- 
7;aa/7, j|§ p^ shucn min , 

(to) : 



? ^^ chong- ching. 
Declare, ff^ f^^ ^a -shat, 
(.shew; ^ B^ y>»/-ming. 



Decline, (downwards) {^t ^ 
•^ cbui -lok-//7<e , fn] 
^^ //eun// -tai-hne , (refuse) 
I* ff ts'ze-tse\ :}t {^ 
tiH-t&^ze, (seeing) ^ ^ 
miu-kin . ^^,^ toii,g-ka . 

Declivity. ^^j-^/s'e - ;7^r/»,^sJ* 
J3-^t3'e-*t8-e-lok,j^^?^^A. 

Decoct, "hI^ AsiVi, 

Decorate, ^^^ cliong- clang. 

Decorum, jpf^jfl'fcS ''^i" 
shoh-iong-'m.^.^^ vuung- 

Decoy, (to) ^\ Jj^ 'ya'^-Va", 
(birds) ^^r:Ao;?^-*/5e?i'/c^ 
(to) >gjr ^ tW-^^raooi. 

Decrease, ^'jj^'^^ kaam- shiu, 
shuuk- kaam. 



Decree, ^ ^ ming^-ling\ 
Decrepit, ■^ ^^ 'lo-maai\ 
Dedicate.'Cifc '^Inmng-iwimg^ . 
Deduct, Jl^ 'A;fl;f?;n, ::fQ ^ 

/•'fl'??-ch'ue, -^ V/ue. 
j Deed,^7^hang-wai,^8ze', 

(bond) ^ /;'aj^ (stamped-) 

i Deep. '^ shiim. 



i)i-:i 



DKI. 



Deer. }l^ *liuik, (mosclius)g ; Defy, l^\"\ kik-tau , ^ 

J^ \voDg-/iv//y, ^ Cheung. Ve-tik, MFII^ /"/'//-tik, JVji: 

Deer's horn, f^ i]: luuk- tl '^'"-'/'^• 

vnun-. Oegenerate, "j; ;^^ l.a^lau. 

i/r jiSi ^'*i» -^ ■ A ~K i5fc y"p-''a'-iiiu, yi 

Defame, jgg jf-iW- \\'i>'i ! ^i^ viu • ^ ^i 

; , , Degrade, m rank) f^ m. 

Defeat, m paai\ ^TM ^^'- ' I " z :>^ 4- . 

' ^>^ ^ _ ^' ■'>^ ! /con// -Ji'-iq), ^ ^ t.rnf/tn- 

Pa^i'. tr M '^^'-yeoj?- I kr,ak\ (one's^self) ^ gj 



Defect, f§||^ /;//-/'-/W . 
Defend. -GS ^ 7)0-00 . 
Defendant, ^^ ^ pi -/to . 
Defer, gj^^ Vr./-kM', Jg,^g 
cJn'a-oon , (yield) :||]| ^ 



. ) 



til/- mm . 
De<;ree, ^ ifan</, J^ t8*aDt,^ 

|;JJ A;v/jt7, (measure) ^ to\ 
L)eign, ^ ^ shui-^(?() , 
Dejected, ^^ ^^c W. ^lian- 

mak-mak, pJi^;^ moon'- 



cli'um-cli'iim. 

^'''" • ^^ ^ , , Delay, ^^ taam-kok\ 3^ 

Deficiency, ^^/^ tuen-him , ,^ clri-oon\ 

^ ^ him-tuet\ I delegate, (to) ^ :j-^ /^vm//- 

Defile, ^ v^ 'iin-00, Jfl>;^ I ^,,/,\ (a) .g 4:£; ;^ /^ 

/m -00, (a) [Jj |1^ s/iaan- \ '^ivai-t-ok -ke -\\ii\. 



haap. 
Definite, '^ ting\ )^ ^ 



tmg -in. 



Deflect, ^^ ^ VZ/z/^n-ts-e. 



Deformed, 
Defraud. 



rlrciK- 



fn ngaak-ii'in . 



Deliberate.^ ^f] cli uni-rheuk , 
j^-M" slimnfj-lQwug^^ (ADJ.) 
V^ /P taam -ting\ 

Delicate, ^ ij^ ii/^nuen , 
^ ^ yau-yeuk. ^^ ^|g 



3 :> 
yau -sai . 



Delicacy, (a) ^^ rlt(ui-!<((ii. 



DEM 



66 



DEP 



DeliciouB, ^ 1^ kaai-mi\ 

^^ mi-mi'. 
Delight, ^ M- M^-"hi. 
Delineate, Jfi} waak-cA'wM^. 
Delirious, ^J^/aa^'-k'wong. 
Delirium, g k'wong. 
Deliver, (eave) ^ ^'a^^^ (up) 

:^ /rrtflM, :^ tai\ (over to) 

Delude, g| ^ mai-waak, ^ 

;^ Aoo-waak. 

Deluge, *^^ huung- s//Mt. 

Demand, (in) n#ft 8hi-/«n<7. 

Demand, (to) f„^ JJC "i""'" 

'/s'we, gJK t" -'^«'"^' ^* 
!^ jo»Y iw\ (with violence) 

Demolish, ^ R{| r/^'aa^'- 

5aat . 
Demon, ^ ''t?/'ai. 

Demonstrate, :f|[ ^ WlE |R 
chi-mmg-chuig -kue . 

Demoralized, (as troops) ^/^ 
y«i, ^ ^ tsuun'->MA;, 
(the mind) ^^'Dlfi ^^^^ai'- 
.se///^-shuut. 



Demur, ^^ pat-'hang, 'm- 

'hang, :}t ^'"^■' W ?^ 
/'w/-in. 
Den, m Zwwn^, ^ uet, '^ 

Denomination, ^ !^ ming- 
tsze', ^ gE tsze'-ho\ 

Denote, d=g 'g ^c/zf-shat. 

Denounce, :f^^ h^^wig -ko . 

Dense, ^ ^ ch'au-raat. 

Dentist, ^ ^ B 4 »Sa- 
foh-i-shang, ^ "^ ^ Be. 
fieiwg nga i shang. 

Deny, i;^ fg ?^a^ying^^ 'm- 

ying\ IS Pg f^ ^'^ -'™- 
hai\ (one's self) ^ 5» 
//fl/^-'/c/, :^ 3 'she-'K 

Depart, §l] ^ pit-A?//, i)^ 
g^ hang-li, gf ^ y^-hm\ 

Department, f^^ koi-'koon, 
^ i^ diik-^hn., P\ ^ 
'i-Ao/i-shnnk, ^ po\ 

Depend on, '^ ^ ^'-'^^^ ' 
/^ ^ i-k'-aau . 

Deplorable, pj" jg Vio//-han 

, Deplore, |^, ^^ j^^-oi. ^ 
i Deport, :^ ^ poon-lnie . 



DER 



67 



BES 



Deportment, ^ ^ liang- 
wai, (correct) ^ 'JH 
yuung-i. 

Depose, ^ ff^jj^ kaak -diik. 



E3 



^<?/i^ -fan, 

3 



Deposit, (a) 

(to) [^ ^ chui'-lok, 
(pawn) :^ g oA;i -^ny , 



Deposition, (verbal) pj -flt 
hau-lcuung, (from office) 

Depraved, ^ ^ ts'c-o/fc ^ 

i^ ^& su//2-waai . 
Depreciate, ^ -^ A^/m -/a/, 

g$ % 't'ai-heng. 
Depress, |^ -^ oat -lok. 
Depressed, ^"^ ^'/rz^;? -icut. 
Deprive, ^ tiiet, ^ ^ 

Depute, ^ g^ ^ivai-Pok . 
Deranged, ^1 luen , ^ ^m. 
Deride, )^ ^ hisiu, j^ 

Derive, (obtain) ^g ^] ^a^- 

Derogate, iM s^uen. 



Descend. I^l^ 'hdL-kong\ |^ 
^ /rom/ If.k, ^ 5(^ lok 
lai, ^^ lok hiie. 

Descenrlants. ^0 hau^yni\ 

■^ ^ V...^ .v«.,,, ^ :jL, 



V.r, ^ 



,Si^5;i <o.., -y- -j- 
C C, 

^sr fsz mien suen. 



Describe, :^ ffj 'chi-rh'uuf, 
18^^43 Hk-lik-yM- 
ming, ^ '^ ^ '^(,w/7- 
^5'w?//- r^'oA, (write) ^[Jj 

xfi-ck'l/Ut. 

Description, (every) i^ ^ 

Desecrate, ^ J^ ,SiY -tuuk. 
Desert, if 'ye, ij- ^[» 'ye- 

"goi ' Sli^h ^'^/^^'-ngoi'. 
Desert, (merit), ^ -^ ya«- 

/:?i'(?A, ^ ^ Jcuimg-lo. 
Desert, (to ) ^ ^ t'o-tw;^ 

p'aai(-\i. 
Deserve, ^ ^ ?jiiig-hai , ^ 



koi-fong, |g ^ y>«(/ 



B3 

fun . 



DES 



Cs 



DET 



Design, (to) gfgj^ kai -m^xi, 
(a) S 1^ i^-tseung\ ^ 
^ raau-lenk, (intention) 

Designation, ^|^ tsze -ho . 
Designate, ^ Pf cJiHug-foo. 
Desire, :g^ yuuk, M uen'. 



If 

-^ f-acm. 



ts'ing-uen\ (covet; 



M 



DcsiKt, itJl^'^^'^'-'-''^^^ H / 
pa'-'liu, gX ^ /''■/'-^*-^''"- 

l^s'^'' ® ^ ^ '.sc-tsze'- 
•t'oi, (portable) Jg^H 
^.se-tsze^-j.sfW^J/7! ^'^ -s/^^'f 
';ra/, ^ ^* .^^«^ 't'oi. 

T^esolate, Jg^ ^ /r^>o-h(.lin, 
^ 5^ ling-lok. 

Despair, ^ M tsnet-mong\ 
■^ ^ .';/;a/-mong\ 

Desf;erate, ^ ^ fij Sno- 
noi'-lioh. 

Despise, |gj|i 'min-slii^, ff: 
i|g 'moo-maan', ^j^ <g^ 

'm-sheung -'ngaan, ^j) p'i, 

u n i- pok, ^ u 

j^/y^o V» 'k'lie, (I Utterly 
despise him). 



,0^ 



Despond, -^ ^ s/;a^mon 
Despotic,(oppressive^^^huuk. 

(government) ^ ;^ |fi5^ 

ts'uen-k'uen-cAmy . 
Destination, -^ [fH ////« - 

heung . 
Destiny, (fate) -^ meng , ||^ 

Destitute, || k'unng, || |g 

k'unng-/c'/rM//\ 
Destroy, ^^ ^;^ {^'('//-mit, 



'j;§jS/Y/(-laan\ Jj^i^ paai'- 

\vaai\ 

Destruction. ;^ ll^ mit-raong. 
Desultory, "J^^^ laap-tsaap. 

^•W^ 'mo-ts'ang-/s'0/. 
Detach, ^ ^ fun-hoi. 
Detail, (in) ^^ — • chunk- 

yat, (to) ^ — jl r: ^ 

chuuk-?/f7/-chuuk-*i''- kony. 
Detain, -g/f^ Iau-chue\ J^ 

^ tang^-^hoh. 
Detect, ^[ij ch'aaC-ch'mif, 

Detective, {Jp^ ^ om ch^aai. 
I Deter, |H K|[ !aan-\Ao//. 
Deteriorate, ^ j;^| kaii - 



waai , 



3hui-v!a-M 



.v'( iv' 



DEX 



69 



Die 



/tut 



tuet -I . 



Determination 

Determine.^ tiiii;'. f^kuet 
Detest, jg ^^ l,an^-..>, fg 



Detract, ^ fe ^o?/y- .<ti/«72. 
Devastation, ^^^ /o'i!/-/ai^ . 
Develope. ■gyfj^ shue-hou -fljj 



^han-fiuit' . 



faaC- 



hoi. 



Deviate, ^^^ hang-f/iv. 
Device, ^j- /:at\ *A'fl»'. 
Devil, TM ^ moll- A^^ytj. 
Devise, ^"1 |^ ^rtt-rnau. ^^ 

^ ch'au-waak. 
Devoid of. ^ mo or moo. 
Devolve, ^ ^^ Araaw-iok. 
Devoted, '(4J^ veiing-moo'*, 

'll^ S^ 5M;/2-moo\ '^ j|^ 

.sAum-fuuk. 
Devotion, '^ ^ :^ J^ 

shin^-km/f^-c/n- lai, Jg 

k'in-i'i>j^\ 
Devour, $||^ ngaang^-^tw?. 
Devout, f^i\^'>shing-.'^u?7i. j^ 

^ k'in-^t>j.y\ 
Dew, ^p|Cl^'" ■'<^wi. ^mo\ 
Dexterous. X-^^ haau-'^ah'tu. 
6 



Diabetes, j/j^;^ niu'-lum. 
Diabolical, ;^. ^ ok'-iu, )^ 

*^ f'-'f^nii-ok'. 
Diagnose, ^'^ "^c/zV///. 
l)ia!:.,nal.^^J»ts'e-»sm\^ 

Diagrams, (the eight) /\^ 

paat' -kiva^ . 
Dial, Q ^ vat-'^'2ra», Q gj 

Dialect, j^^ ^^'o-"^Va\ -J^- 

^j^ fo-t'aam. 
Dialogue, [|^ ^ m\\n-(aap\ 

M 1^ .^eM/2//-Iunn\ 
Diameter, 1^ ^^^ ^tn^ -•^m . 
Diamond, ^ fj^jj ^g ku 

Aron^-shek, f^ ^ /".swen 

shek. 
Diarrhoea, ^ oh. ^fC 'j^ 



m- 



i^hui-se . 



I^iarv, g ,f[i yat-i/^. 
Dice, ^ -Hp- sAtA:- A?^». 
Dice-playing, ^ ^ chaak- 

Dictate, pj Jlf^ chuuk-foo , 
± H^ chue-cheung, (to a 
writer') P :f§ ^Aa;/-shan\ 



DIG 



70 



DIN 



Dictionary, ^ ^ tsze - tin, 

^ ^ ^^'^''^ ' ^"^' 
Dictum, >^J §J ngaang - 

*wa . 

Die, (to) ^ S2«, (said of 

men) J^ f^^ i^roA -sAai , 

shan-koo . 
Diet, (to) 5^ p ^3«» - Aaw. 
Differ, ^ f/w«n^, ^ ^ glj 

"■yau-/w/2-pit. 
Difference, ^ cA'a, ^ gjj 

/wn-pit, ^ r/?afl??5r. 
Different, y^ jqj 'm-t'nung, 

(very) ^ ^ J^ ch'a-tak- 
uen, ^^^^ ch'-a pattoh 

(slightly different). 
Difficnlt, H naan, ^ 'gjf 

o/fc'-tso , »^ shwn. 
Difficulty, ^^ H^ ^'^aw-naau. 
Diffident, -j^ ^ jj^ sw/m - 

''m-kiroh . 
Diffuse, "fl^^ po -saan\ 

^ poh'-yeung. 

I^igest, fg^ sr«->l 



m t'^i- 



Dignified, j^ i^ ?ra/-im. 
Dignity, ^{^ .mi-i, ^^ 

v:ai-fuung. 
Digress, ^ ^^ cAt-li. 
Dike, ^ ^ ki-pok 
Dilapidated, ^ 

vcaai . 
Dilate, :|^^ p^ ch'aang-hoiy 

(expatiate) ^ 3^ -^^ 
konf/-ts'enTig-sai . 
Dilatory, ^ f>^ ch'i-maan^, 

(*maan ). 
Dilemma, pj^lj^ leung-naan. 
Diligent, §5;^ k'an-lik ^ 

k'an. 
Dilute, ^ y^ kaau-'^shui, 

;J|g ^ k'au-hi. 
Dim, ^ ill muung-luung, 

^^ muung. 
Dimensions, ^ ^ ch'eiing- 

/oo/ ' ^§ to -leung . 
Diminish, ^^■^ kaam- shiu. 
Diminutive, ^ {^ 5(7i -mi, 

5fli -;/2i, /K siu. 
Dimple, :vffi pH tsau-nup. 
Din, ng Pit) t&'o-' haimcf, Pg 



DIS 



71 



DIS 



Ding-dong, jfjg iing-^ion,j. 
Dinner, -^ ^ iaai'-^/a'««?j. 

(evening meal ;xm(jnf; natives 

is termed) ^ f^ maan 

faan . 
Dip, ^' chaain, ^ ~J^ 

ch'um-*ha^, vft^ ~\^ yum^- 

lia, /.N»w'. 
Direct, jf |§] f.//w^'-chik, (to) 

Direction, ■^[rJ hue^-Jieunc/^, 

>^ fSj fong-hfunf/\ 
m-ecth; iW^\\tsik-haaJc,^ 

Directory, ^ ;g |^., van 
meiig luk. 

Dirt. ^ -^ ..-/.., ^ 1^ 

la'-'cha, (to) g >/5 ^f 

''chvij-oo-tso. 
DiBabled,^ ^^ mo-nang. 
Disabuse the mind, ^ 

^^ Ayt-maau-saA;. 
Disadvantage, ^ 0^ sban 

/■'7», "p^ ij^ ;7a^chik. 



Disallected, ^ fij ^ 'm- 

.s-^wc-fuuk. 
Di-sagree, ;^< ^j- 'm-(m\ |§ 

Bg 'm-^/?y«a,/?, ;)g ^ 

seuny-rhawig. 
Disagreeable, g!| Va««?<, j^ 

Disappear, -^ ^ shat-hnp\ 
Disappoint, ::^ ^ |g ;j^?- 
sui'-uen\ ;f2 ;ig^ chong^- 



uen\ 






Disapprove, ^ iff ,^ 'm- 
chining-i , 

Disaster, ^^ huung-ez^. 

Disavow, ;^; ig 'm-ying'. 

Disband, "f^^ saan^-paan. 

Disburse, 'gg ^ Uhai-fai\ 

■^ *^sAai, ^ c7it, [;[j ch'uut. 
Discard, ^ ^ ch'ue-^min, 

^ [tj ch'ue-rA'ww^. 
Discern, g^ :^^ ^Vai-p'oh^. 
Discernment, ^^ ^ ts^uioig- 

ming. 
Discharge, Kj ch'uut, "j^ 

fong\ (duty) ^ tJ^ ^ 

tsuun^-'770(?/j-faD\ 



DI.S 



72 



DIS 



Disciple, P^^ moon- ^shang, 

^Z^ hok- ^shaatiff. 
Pisciplint', ^^ kaau -fanl^, 

(exercise) ^^^^ lin^-tsaap. 
Disclose, ^ ^ ])aai^-lo\ ^ 

jj{ \o'-rh'uuL 
Discomfit, ^ ^ ^fa-peL\u\ 
Discomfort, '^ ^ *1^ 'n^- 

^shong-fnar'. 
Discomposed, f^ ^^ "«- 

mooii\ 
Disconcerted, -^ *j^ sA'''/- 

ngok. 
Disconaolute, ^'|^ yau-yik. 



Discountenance, ^5 }^ fiL 
min-SfM/i(/- ue, pS. |^ ^g 

'm-t*uung-maai. 
Discourage, -^ ^ ^tw 

/':a'. ■^ • ■^ lok 



Mi ii ycm-wat. 



Discontented, 3^'/^,H' f"'^' 
^raoon-y- ^^/^ pat-chi- 
isuuk, ^^ j^ k'iu- not/. 

Discontinue, (r J ''chi- liii, 
gff ^-uen, f^ f4^ kaan. 
t'uen. 

Discordant, ^ ^(Hl Joa^wob, 

Discount, ;fq ^ ^ A;v^w - 

t'au-»ngaD,:fn^:^*'«w'- 
DgaD- sAut, 4^ A'aw . 



t'oi, )^Jj[2 huen -^chi. 

J)iscouraged, ^S ^ sonif^- 

hi . 
Discourse, ^.|^ Vlnun', |^ 

iuun . 
Discover, ^ ^ ts'uin-yirHj , 

^^ W^u-ming, ^ til. 

ch'a-cA'?/w/. 
Discredit, (disbelieve) yjf^'^ 

'm-szmn\ ^g, ^ S2e-i. 
Discreet, 0^ ^^ tsze-sai . 
Discrepancy, J(^ ^ 'Z, ^ 

pat-tvi -chi-e/i'ue , ^X\ >|H. 

Discrepant, ^ ^ pat-tni , 

'm-;'?« . 
Discretion, il^*^ ^an-shan . 

(at your) ^ f^v ^ j^ 



ts'ue- ni- chue-i' 



Discretionary, j^ -^ ts'ue- 



UIS 



73 



IMS 



Discriminate, j^ lj|j fun- 
ining, ^ J^U fun-int, f)f 
glj rin'-pil. 

Discuss, ^j-,^ 1^ piri'*-luiin\ 

Disdain, ^^ JJj^ iiiiu-shi'. 

[.'iflcase, ^ ^ LsaL-peng\ 

I )iseiitangl.\ ( ^ ^^ 

ch-uuf, ^ 1^ kaai-liit. 
DJsengar^cri, :^ |^ te/c-haan. 
Disgrace, *|^' j^ o(?.yuuk. ^ 

^ sa^z-yniik. 
Disj^iiigc. f^ i';/')' ka-patin\ 
Disgust, 'I'd" gj lsang-vm\ 
J>isgiistiiig, "pT 5^ ho/i-oi^^. 
Dishes, i^ ^ ^-c/z-tip. 
Dishearfcttiied, i^l^f^ snm-fooi. 
Dishevel, ^/ ^I 5^^«/i-luen\ 
Dishonest, ^ j^ g^ ^rao- 

r/tan-sliing, ^^"g" mo- 

rhan -&hai. 
Dishonour, (to), fei ynuk'. 
Dishonourable, ^ ff fiS 

mo- t'ai-m\n . 
Disinclined, ]^^ "'J- s^-jmy, 



Disinherit, [j] ch'uiiL 
Disinterested, l^^i^ "^mo- 

sze-sum. 
Disjoint, ^j^^*^^ (s'oh^- 

^ me-ku'Ht-hit\ ^ ^ '^ 

'^ jj ch infi-h oi-kiv ut-t^it' . 
Disk, 1^ luuM. 
Dislike, l^f- iin. 
Dismal, '^I^ shum-iimi. 
Dismay, ^ ^ tsLdLC-king. 
Dismembiiin^'. (a punish- 
ment) ^^ ling-ch'i. 
Dismiss, HJi - — ^ .s/mi/, 
— /<wc\ yf^ ^ ;;a5^ 

yuung^, "j^fo/iff^ (clear out. 

— I dismiss you) ^ ^ 

lok-^se«</z^. 
Disobedient, '{'^•^^ pooi -yik. 
Disobey, j^^ wai-/'<J6'» , ^ 

^ fg m-^e/i^-wa'. 
Disobliging, |a£33,|g ''uo- 

chiu -yinf!^, (Ij^ 'j*^ ngaak- 

ts'ing. 
Disordered, §L luen\ 
Dieorderly,t^^^ W(?, jg 

^ 'lo-'moug, ^ 'moDg, 

-^y ^! laap-luen . 



DLS 



74 



IMS 



3 



Disown, "l^ gg 'm-jing'. 
Disparage, ^ ^ 'kong-tai. 
Disparity, ^ rAV/. 
Dispatches. ^^ niun-s/iu^ 
Dispensary, ^ ^' yeuk- 

'A(^<?n, (a shop) ^ ;|vj' ^ 

yeuk-t8'oi-')?'fA 
Dispense, ^ shi. (with) ^ 

c . 

mm. 
Disperse, |^|| -||5r li-saan 
Dispirit, ^^ sonrj -d. . 
Displace, :^ ^I poon-ln^n . 
Displaced, g|| ^ li-^wai'. 
Display, ^J£ htn-m , J^ 

^ chewig -minf^. 
Displeased, yf> ^ ^ 'm- 

foon- hi. 
Disposal, ^ ^ kuo/i-V\. 
Dispose, (arrange) ^ ;Mfe 

oAn-p'aai. 
Disposition of mind, |^ ijf:^ 

pun-kaak , ^ ^ pun- 

Dispute, ^ ,^ pin'-jt?o/t'. 
Disquietude, ^^^ Sno- 
p'ing-oAn. 



Dipregard, ]^ ^^ 
Disreputable, ^ §S sAfl^ 



'm-koo . 



%-sze\ ~p »^ ha'-lau. 
Disrepute, ^ ^ f$ 'mo- 

nnng-shvi//, ]^>^L 'm-hing, 
DisresjiectfLil, ;;:Y> fj^ ^ '^a- 

kiawg-king . 
Dissatisfied, ^^ ^ /^ 'm- 

chi'tsuulc, ^ y^ j^ 'm- 



c .) 

moon -I . 



Dissemble, ^^ ^^ cAa -tso , 
W^ ^ rAr/-shing, 3^ fg 
^ cAn- - Z':r/-i , cha -ka-t'. 

Disseminate, f(|j w^^'' -saan , 
<# flf ch'uenV, ^ |g 
sflr/;< -/mi. 

Disspnt, f5| ^ ^- waai-i'- 

l-lK PS^ vii,» 

*' pQ f P ^ 'm-s!//m'- 

ts'uung. 
Dissimilar, ]^ -^^ 'm-*^t8'ze. 
Dissipate, ^ saan . 
Dissipated, I _^ , ; 

Dissolute, /^fl^^"'^"^' 

tScM ^"/-tong', :^ j^* 

fa-siu. 



DI8 



DIV 



DiBsolve, ^{: ^\ fa -hoi, ffi 

^^ siu-snan . 
Dissuade, H^JIJ^ /i««» -'^««» • 
Distant, ^ Sien, fg jg^ 

Distaste, ^y^ ^-m -t'aam. 
Distend, ^ p^ ch$ung-hoi^ 

;^ P^ chaang-hoi. 
Distil, :^ f^m//, ^J( A<!a«// . 
Distinct, ^ ^ /u»-ming, 

^ Q ming-paak. 
Distinguish, ^^\] fini-\}\L 
Distinguished, [JJ-^ ch^uut- 

chuwiff, ^ ^^ rA'tM- 

k'wun. 
Distorted, ;^ ?ra(/», wf. 
Distract the mind, ^ (^ 

fun-sum, (crazed) ^1^ j^ 

.s-o«^ -sum. 
Distress, ^^ S|^ *artn-naan, 

^jS kuji-j)ik, (want) .-^ 

^[ aau-ai . 
Distribute, ^ j^ fiin-p^aai . 
District, 1^ uen . 
Distrust, ^^^^ sze-i. 
Disturb, 3^||5 Icnau-tuung , 



Disturbance, (noake) g^ ^ 

shang-szt . 
Ditch, ;^ ?{? /caw-k'ue, Jg}) 

Diuretic, t^I] y^ ^ li'-^t/;?«- 

yeuk. 
Dive, ^ ^ mi'-^.shui. 
Diverge, /^-^fun-chi, ^ 

Divers, ^ ^ Va--toA\ ;;^ 

1^ — -Jlg \n-^rhi-yat-koh\ 

;K — . jxd-yat. 
Diverse, ^ ^ hi- 'ycung , 

^y; |gj 'm-t'uung. 
Divert, ^\ ^ 'yan-//ot, (the 

mind) [|f] ^\^'> hoi-sum. 
Divide, ^ ^^ fun-hoi. 
Divination, ^ \\ rJiim-piiuk. 
Divine, (of God) J^"^ (|^^) 

Pgg Shenng'-fai-kp\ 
Divining blocks, ^;^Aa^m - 

pui. 
Division, (a) — -^ y^/^tuen , 

^ j^' gat-fnn\ — ^ 

yat- /coo. 
Divorce, -^ gS yau-hi\ [Jj 

ch''iiut, ^yf* ^ fun-tshii. 



Dorx 



DOT 



Divulge, Jf^ X ^ wa'-yan- 

chi. 
Dizzy, 'J^ wun\ gg >^ t'an- 

wun , t'au-trw/<, fau-wun. 
Do, gr t8o\ tf liang, % | 

wai, (don't) ^^'m- ho, I 

p;jt ^mai. ; 

J^ock, (for ships) ^ y^ i 

Bhuen-o ^ '^ ^ )^ tso - 1 

Doctor, ^ ^ i-sfiaang, ; 
(native) [ijj^ Hjf^ ^ ^ 
/'flj mak sm shang. 



to^^ii. 



Doctrine, ^r Ar^wi/ , ^ 



Documents, ^R ^ slme-k'^ai , \ 

^ ^^ mun-s/a^e. 
Dodder, ^JIL ^ |^ mo-ip- 

t'ang. 
Dodge, ^g^ vuung -*kai . 
Doe, ^ yai/, f^ mi. 

Dog fish.i^^^] y? tii-'to-sha. 
Dog-rose, ^ || :?£ t'ong- 

aang-fa. 
Dogged, -^ :;|g ^koo-^pann, 

^m ^cS ngaang - keng. 



Dogmatic. ^ g cA?//-t- , 

Doleful, ^ 1^ /;ai -^»\ 
Dolichos, ^ yfco//^ . 
] )ull, ^ •0-' kuvng- tsai. 
Dollar, ^ ^ ngan-*t8'in, 

^ ji[; taai''-iien. 
Dolt, '^ 1^ ngaa - tsai. 
Domestic. ^^ ^'a, (servants) 

^ ^ ^a-yan. 
Dominate, j^ i^ ;|85 c^a- 

k'uen-jr'm^'. 
Dominoes, *||')|l^ /:w///-*p'aai, 

to play dominoes, :|*J" 'pj' 

jl^ V(i /v/-;//' p'aai. 
Done, ^J( ^ tso'-uen, ^ 

uen. 
Donkey, K|a 'lue. 

Don't, ::;;f; Sn v.^?, ^jt 

c 

mai. 

Dooms-day, ^ ^ Q ^ 
kwai-kit^ -xsit- tsze, ^ 
O shum-p'oon -yat. 

Door, P^ moon, (-way) 
P moon- Aaw. 

Dose, (a) ^i| ^*a?. 

Dot, ||j^ ^^!m. 



DOW 



77 



DKA 



tuung. 
Dote on, '^ ^ riik-ot . 
Dotted, — Jfi5 f^h yat-'Um- 



Down, (-ward) ~p ba , ^S! 

lok. 
Down Btair8,^^i^T^Iau-^<«- 

'ft/w. Dowry, ^^ j^? rAoz/^r-lim. 

Ito.ible. 3f :J§ 'leuii,g:-Vooi, | Doze, (to) fA ^g ^J /^^/y- 



(AI)J.) 

Wirt, (meaninir) 



shei/rifj. ]Rp 



nga!in/?m 



^^ I Drab, (a colour) -^ ^ luut- 



^heiWfikwaan-wA^ , (to) ^jp 1 sAtA;. 

— -fl ^7r-yrt^Vooi, (to I Draft, (ships), ^^'^^ 

fold) i^ r//?;7 . j shik kpi shum !</iin ? 

Doable flower, "^ ^t ^ 1 I^""^?' t-W- ^^^*' Ha. *""V» 
skeiwfi *t^ok' -fa. | m^;?//, ;|'j^ i!'(7^, 

Double-tongued, ^ P ^ Drajrnn, ||^ Inang, (a) |^ 
^] .s^mm- A/7M- leiiDg-li . ^|fi t'iu-luung. 

Doubt, g,|J .v.-«-i, ^^^ I Dragon-fly, ^ $g t'ong-m/, 
i-waak. 

Doubtful, ]/^N yq^ 'm-ting . 

Doubtless, ^^g 'jiio-^s'o//. 

Dough, ^ ^ faat -min . 

'^ove, $,| kop. ^ ;^ ;7aan- 

Dove-tailed, ^^y ^^^ Araaw- 
f^i- smni, p^] ^ /^i/f - 

Down, (feathers) ^/^]^yuung- 
mo, (on the skin) ^|^ ^ 
hohn-mo, ;^ ^ yau -mo. 



hence the proverb, ^^ ^ 
^' ^ M tT' t'ong mi 
/»' yau iung '^ta (when 
dragon tiics appear, there 
is a typhoon about). 

Drain, (to, land) gjj '^ hoi- 
tau\ (a) Hg- 1^ ow^-k'ae, 
K^ yM yum-kau. 

Drake, {^^ />;V oa^ 'kuimg. 

Draught, (a drink) — ^^ 

> 
ya^taam . 



DRE 



78 



DRO 



Dranght, a rongh, ^ ^ 
'ts^o-'ko, (wind) ji ^ /^ 
Puung-fuung-shue . 

Draw, :^ ?./a2-, ^ wan/, 
(towards) ^ j^oa/?, (pic- 
tuJ-es) ;g '^■^, (water) ^^ 

^""i', tr '^^'' #15 Z""^' (a 
sword) :^ pat, -^ yj 

hue-ch^nu(\ (to influence) 

51 Van. 
Drawer, U^f^ kwai'-V//w«^. 
Drawing-room, ^-^ haalc - 

^t-eng. 
Drawl, :^ ^ § ^ /aaj- 

ch*eung-s/^m^- ^o«^. 
Dread, -^fg ?r^n'-kue\ j^ 

f|g fong-fa. 
Dreadful, 7^)] ^ li'-hoi'. 
Dream,- M rauung\ (to) ^ 

#^ faat -rnuung . 
Dreary, ||,^ ^ jun-at. 
Dredge, (to) :^ laau. 
Dregs, ^^^ cha-'tsze, jfp 

Drench 



; shup-f-tiK , 

Dress. ^^^^ chong-paan , (to) 
^ ^^ c//e?/A--j-fuuk. 



Dressing-case, ^ ^ Aen/- 
lim, ^ ^^ ^er2^ -^chong. 

Dried up. Jg ^J] Jc'ok'-kohn, 
^0^ kohn-saai\ 

Drift, to, ^^ '^ jo'iw-lau. 

Drifting, ^>^f ig p'o-p'o- 
faan (p'aan ). 

Drill, (to) ^ /sue;;\ (a) U 
-^ tsmn - tsze, (practice) 
^^f tsaap-lin^:^ ts^o. 

Drink, ^ yirm. 

^••^P' a ?1 ^ * ^»^-^»^- 
lok-lai. 

Drive, (away) ^^^ chuuk- 

A(<e , ^ ^ /:MM-chuuk, 

(push) ;|^|^ ^?«, (a horse) 

shni. 






Drizzle, ^pff® lok- ue-;?!;'. 
Droll, Jtf ^ Vw-/5'«/, (a 

laughing stock) ^ ;j^»^ 

siu peng . 
Drollery, ^ fj^ /.s';//-wa\ 
Dromedary, ^lll^^'b tuuk- 

fuii/ig-t'oh. 
Droop, ^ ehui, (decay) ^ 

5// ?/i. 



DRU 



79 



DIM 



Drop, (a) jj5J Ilk, (to stop) 
^ ^ /. V-lok, (fall) i^ 

Dropsy, ^^ s/'''*- chuvng, 

^A Rjl koo-cheumi . 
Dross, ^ 's///, '^ ;^ cAr/- 

W, (of silver) ^(:£ft 

mat-t'oli -S(TWj7. 
Drought, "^^ i'in- hohn. 
Drown, j^JE ch'um-sr«, ^ 

^ nik- S2P. *^^ ^s'/^ - 



S2f. 



Drowsv, gg gjl Dgaan-/w»', 
M S fun-icnn, hap- 



ngaan. 



Drub, ji^ :^ p'a;mg- ^rt-. 
Drudgery, ^^ ^ tsia -ngai 
Drugs, ^^Jsk yeuk-ts'oi. 
Drum, ^ Atjo, (a) — 

Drum-stick, nj^ ;;i^ *(?o- 

•ch'ui. 
Drunk, g^ :Jg tsm-'^tsau. 

Drunkard, ^^ ypl ^ ^^^^ ' 
te/'/'i-yan. 



Dry, ^ /wA;j, ^ 'hohn, ^ 
"^sAon^, (to) ^j^ ft^ ^cAin^r- 
A'oAn, (in the sun) 5S ^^ 
sA/T!«t -^o/i/?, (at the fire) 
^ pooi\ (in the air) g^ 
^ long -kohn. 

Duality, (the two modes of 
nature) ^^%ung-i, 
^ y?<m-yeung. 

I^uck, ^1 r^y, (wild) ;7f;^..,j 
shui-*aap , (Muscovy) :^ 
fpi| faan-aap . 

Duck-weed, ^^p'o-*k'iu. 

Due, ^ ^ /i;oi-/ortr/, ® jil 
^on(7-waan, (owing) -^/n'wj . 

l^"to» (^) ^5^ naai-t'au. 
Duke, ^^ knung-je. 
Dull, '|i ngau ,#i|j tuun , 



la ngau -tau , (gloomy) 

K P# J^ 'M yum-yim- 
ch'um-ch'ura, jj^ §^ yM?«- 
flt^, (tint) ^ "^we, (of 
business) y'j^ taam^ [^e. 

taam\ business or trade 

is very dull]. 
Duly, fl<^ t-k'i. 
Dumb, ^ pj fl- Aaj/. 



I) us 



80 



DYS 



^ Si] M< haali -to -x\go\. 
DumMiy, 3|§ P ^a-^fiaii, ^ 

'T^ a- tsai. 
Dumpling, -^ ^? -^ 'shui- 

kaau -^tazp, fj^ ^«^ wan'- 

t-im. 
Dun, (to) 1^ 3^^ ts'()oi-2)ik, 

Dunce, ^'f^Ho tuun -t'oi. 
Dung, ^//m', ^ 'sAi, (to) 

^ ^ lok- fun\ 
Dungeon, j^ !^ ti -lo. 
Dung-hill, ^ ;J^ /m/j -tui. 
Dupeil, Jt^*^ sheung-^on^ , 

pb g-J" chuung -kai . 
Duplicity, Zl.'Vli' ^ -s"?", ^ 



Dust, J^ nh'an, 



leung-li 



Durable, ^^ '^ i'/^m- s/ia», 

"^IrftiH k'nm-tak-wo\ . 
During, ;gj^ fhi- 



noi . 



Dusk, g -gl wong-/M^(, ^ 
H^ aai-* maan. 



ch'an- 



^h (to) 1^ j^/ut-ch'&n, 
faak -ch'an, ;|^ yeung. 

Duster, \^ ^ :^ faak'- 
ch'an-7?(/, (feather-) ^^ 
rao-^so. 

Dutiful, "^^ J^ shuun-lenng, 
llj^ ^ shuiin -ts'uung. 

^"ty, ;^ ^ /^(?flw-f nn\ (cus- 
tom) "fjp)^^ //«?/n^-*ngan. 

Dwarf, ^ y\ V/j-yan, ^ 

ff '«» '/•^■^'^ ' to")^ ^ -^- 

:|^ w'wf- /^oo-shue . 
Dwell, ^ A-?i#, ^ j^ kne- 

chue . 
Dwelling house, -^ ^ ^ 

chue -ka-uuk. 
Dwindle, ^ ilf I'fl tsim'- 

tsim -shvnk. 
Dye, ^ ^ \xn-shik. 
Dynamite, ^\. ^ c/io'-yeuk. 
Dynasty, g^ ch'iu, ^ ^ 

A;?/'oA -ch'iu. 
Dysentery, ^X ^ huung-li , 

^X S IS l^uung-paaWi'. 
Dyspepsia, -{^ :^ t'ing-shik. 



EAi: 



«i 



ECC 



Dys.iry, /J, ^ yfC igi '.^w^- 
pia -pat-tuuug. 

E 

Macli, ^ Snoni. ^ kok,' 
(each other) -\i^] seun;; 



Kager. ^ ^ '/uw-fs'it' 
nat. 

Ear, Jf J:]J^ ^W., Jf" ff V 

Ear of corn, ^ sui\ — /_^ 

^ yat-lt'-mmg-kuuk. 
Ear-ring, ^ ^ ^i-*waan. 
Ear-wax, ^ gji V^/^,, I^ 

Ear- wig, Iflj $^ van-in. 

Earl, fj^ paak . 

Early. ^ W. 

Earn, |w chaan . *cl!aan . 

Earnest, ^S ^l.^) han-s\x\i\s:. 



^ FJI it-chuung. 
Earch, i::^ ti\ (niatUr) j^ 

-^ nai- /v^ 
Earthen-ware, J^ 55; nga- 

^^* » ^E ''''^^(/-^nga, (fine) 

Earthquake, :^ ^ ti^-<;//fln\ 



Earth-worm. i|hgg ti^Iuuug, 

^ 7^^ wong-Vij/6V/. 
Ease, 4^ a//7(. ^^^x ,,/,^.iok 

^^'^J') ^^Ij lau-li^ (lai'j, 
<to) ^ ^^ /"Tig^-suimg, 
(nature) [fj ||; ,.^'j^,//. 
A?^/////, ^ f^ taai'-piri'. 

East, y^ iuHHij, j|{^ tmmg- 
fm. H -)j tuung-fong. 

Easy. ^ ^ vuung-i\ (com- 
fortable) g :g tsze'-tsoi'. 

Eat, -^ shik, pg yaak\ 

Eaves, ^ p yun:-'Aa,/, ^ 
fli yum-»L'au, M n im- 
hav. 

Eaves-drojiping, ^^ j^[» :^ 
^^ nioon-Dgoi - ta-teiig . 

Ebb, ^ ^ ^shui-koJm. 

E^'ony, ,^ ;fg :;fC <>«-inooi- 
muuk, (Chinese) ^ il^ 

Ebullition, Y\ ^ kuun- hi. 

Eccentric, [tl ^ ^ ^1* 
ch^uut'tii-ai- kue-u%o\ , >y\ 
^ A /^«/-t'ii"ng-yan, m- 
t'uuiig-yan-ti . 



EDU 



83 



EJE 



wong-to 



Echo, ig Hjp] oo\-'hmng. ]!| 

~j^ ymg -sheng, 

chong -sheng. 
Eclipse, "1^ shik. 
Ecliptic, -^ ^ _ 
Economical, '^ kirn , -^ ^ 

kini -yuung'', 'j'^ ^ ^aa?i- 

lim. 
Economize, -^ ||| kiin - 

yuung', *fgjz/'. 
Ec3tasy, /^ JJ]^ r/iwe -shan, 

|S$ S S shan-yau-kik. 
EdJy, |e] J;^ ooi-suen, (water) 

'ffil t^ Ti^ 'to-ts'o-^shiii- 

(wind) ^ §^ JUj fJiwe/J, 

Edge, (of a knife) p /laii, 
^ /uung, (side) ^':^ pin, 
(near the) pj] »nw . 

Edict, :JjcL^ cW-ue\ Jl 
=11 sheung^-ue . 

Edify, li @ foo'-fa/r, ^ 
!Jg Jcin^-tak, ^^Vj) Veung- 

Edit, ;^ fj ^«^"'-^%'- 



Educate, ^ ^ -taa«^- yeung. 
Educated, |^ ^ tuuk-sAiw, 
^ ^ hok-mun. 



Eel, ^^ ;^ shin-ue, (conger) 

•/^ i^ Vjot-raaan\ 
Effect,^ ^,^^haau'-im\ j^/f 

^ shoh-chi , jSJi J^ .s^o/i- 

Bhing, fiff ffi ?<^ •'>-^^^^- 

5^a/-in, -®; ^ku'oh. 

Etfeminate, ^ ^ ^ nue- 

•yan-ping. 
Effervesce, ^'^/r/af'- kwun. 
Efficacious, "^ ^ kuung- 

haau"*, ^ leng. 
Effluvia, f^ ^ wa'i^-hC. 
Effort, (make an) ^ _^ 

^fun-lik, yj ;fl cA'M^/Mik. 
Egg, ^ •taan^ J^P "^///jm, 

^^ ch'uum. 
Egg-plant, ^' )j^ ^foo ktva, 

^ JJ^ \ii-kwa. 
Egg-shell, ^ ^ *taan -Jwk . 
Egregiously, -j^ '^ t'aai - 

shum , 
Egret, Q ^ paak-lo . 
Eight, j\ paai'. 
Eighth, 1^ /V tai'-i?aa^. 
Either, ^ waak. 
Eject, ^ [y ^kohn-dt'uu% 






VJA-: 



83 



ELO 



Elaborate, ^ fl^ ;f^| fai^- ! Elements, j^ 'ff uen-chaty 

sum-ki. 1 (the five) 3lTS "^'"g-hang, 

Elapsed, Jg ~f kivoh^-^lixx, i (of learriini:) ^^ ^ r/<'(?^- 

Kla9tic,^ngan\:^ri'g:/J 
yau-ngari'-lik. 

Klated, ^,^^^cAt^/^»^ 

ngong-ii£:ong. 
Elbow, ^ 3^ shau-chaang. ' Elevate, J[^ *^/;//^ 



hok, ^•;2:4^^iJ:- hok-r/a-. 

Elephant, ^ tscung . 
f]lephantiasis, "f^^^i^ taai'- 
sAa-t'ai, igf^);^ rhHlc'-fuung. 



Elbow-chair, ^^^ ^n 



t'.en- 



shau- 1. 



Elder than, -^ J^ tdiH^-ne, 

^ J^ ^Io-1'^roA^. 
ElderB, ^ ;^ cheung- lo. 
Eldest 6on, -^ -^ ''cheung- 

tsze, ^ j^ taai^- /sai. 
Elect, :^ 'Martin, ^ sz^^n. 
Electric eel, *J^^ ^foh- shin. 
Electric lamp ^'^ tin^ ^an^-. 
Electric telegraph, '^ ^ 

tin^-jt7o\ 
Electric torch ^ il^ iuv' chuk. 



Elevated, ^ ^ ^o-ngong. 
Eleven, -|^ — . A\^)-yat. 
Eleventh, ^ -^ — • tai'- 
shap-ya/. 

Elf, ^ tl i^^-kwaai>. ^ 
1^ /^ ^m^-^cru-fsing. 

Eligible, ^ J^ hop-yuung\ 

Ellipse, ^ m ^ ch'eung- 

uen-ying, |p^ [§J t'oh-uen. 

Elliptical language, -^ "^ 

s^flcrn^-miin. 

Elk, ^ g]g mi-luuk. 

Elm, :|iM ue. 



Electricity, ^t ^ tin -Ai . 

Eiectro-piate, ^ ^ T.^) ' Elope, ^^% s2e-t% ^^ 
tin -to' -(kum). 'tsau-\o\ 

Eloquence, P /j" Viflu-ts'oi. 



Elegant, |g Zw/, ^ 
?^ fi ya?<-yaf^-'nga-'nga, 
;^ J^ mun-'nga. 



Eloquent, jtf P ^ ^ho-%au- 
kok\ 



EMT. 



84 



EMO 



Else, (besides) ^^ ^j> ling^- 

iigoi\ (if liot) ^ :^; :ft 

yenk-pat-Bh\\ ^g^ Pg ^ 

venk-'ni-luii\ (then) ^^ 

t8au'-hai^ 
Elsewhere, J^ H ^ tai'-i'- 

shue^, V,n^-s/iue\ 
Elude, g^ f^ Vo-Pu€t\ j^ 

Elysium. ® f |({i ^ kik- 

lok-i/iflt^-A'afli^. 
Emaciated. ^;:^sAa?<^- suen. 

Emancipate, jj^f(>ng\ f^ K 

shik-Jon(f . 
Embankment, I^ Aj, ^^^ 

ki-pok^ . 

Embargo, ^^itfr/IB ^'''^^'- 

r/it-hang-shuen. 
Embark, ^ ^ lok-shuen. 
Embarrass. '^^ {^jX k'ang^- 

'ch'>h,i^Jl^kal^kue(ko). 

Embarrassment, ^ ^ faan- 

naan. 
Embassador, ^^ ^^ ?/?/»i- 

ch'aai. 
Embellish, ^ "^ sau-shik. 
Embers, ^ ^J yoA-shiug'. 



Embezzle, ^^ 535- i^s'we. 

Emblem, P^^" ue'-pw. 

Embossed, */:|'' jf^ fau-tut. 

Embowel, gjj }ji; i'o??.^-'t'u. 

Embrace, 'j^ |Q waai-'^p'o. 

Embrasure. ;J^:^ p'ai-Sgai. 
J^ ^ sheng-*jan. 

Embroider |^ ^ aau'-fa. 

Embroil, |^ ^|^ naau'-lubn^. 

Embryo, ^ ^'ooi. 

Emendation, ^HiJ^ ' koi- 
chimf-ch'ue^ . 

Emerald, g ^- g^ Lu^ 

6WWV-Iuuk, I'y 5t!| ^ 

ym^-^moo-luak,(an) ^^ 

luuk-yuuk. 
Emerge, [[j ^ /:A'?/!<Mai, j^ 

J,^ ch'-uut-ixi . 
Emergency, ^ "^ 0$ ^ 

Aj/fi-/s'/i^-shi-hau\ 
Emetic, Uflg^, fant'-'au- 

yeuk. 
Emeu, ^)^^ ^\\\k-'foh-kai 
Emigrate, )^ ^\ -)j ^ 

Eminent, ^ ko, J^ tsu^n. 
Emolument, j^ ^ ''fuung- 
luuk. 



EMI' 



85 



ENC 



Emotion, ^ tsMiig, 'I^ 

t8'ing-tuung\ 
Emperor, ^^ "^ wong-Aa'. 
Emphatic, |^^ ^han-sheng. 

Empire, (the world) ^ "^ 
f'm-ha'. 

Empiric practice, g|\ f]Jf JC 
^ tmyi' -^koo-kuung-foo, Y^ 

Employ, fi^ yum'-yuung', 
^ '5/<«j, (engage) |g 

Employer, ^ ^ sze^-*t*au. 

Employment, ^ ^ sze'-ip, 
(regular) ^ ]2 ch'eung 
/;wn^, (by the job or piece 
only) ^ J2 s«^'* AwM^, 

sui^ kung. 
Empower, ^ ^ '^<-k*uen. 
Empress, ^^ wong-hau'. 
Empress Dowager, ^Hfr^ 

wong <*a<7t hau\ 



Empty, ^^ hmmg-hue, ^ 
hiiwig, ^ kat a euphemism 
for hilling in expression, ^ 

M ttj 'JH ^"^ "^'^ <^''*'""^ 
yum^ i.e. (an empty) 
house to let, and in several 
similar phrase? : (to) ^^ 
ching-huwig. 

Emulate, ^^ ts'oi' -shing\ 
^ ^ ^s'o/'-yeng, p^] ^ 
^fl7<^-haau\ 

Enable, ^ |g lin " 



Jg 



nang. 



Enact, U c//'/^, f^ ^soA;'. 
Enamel, ^;g gg y^ U^ze-hi'- 

yau, (cOL.) djg yg '/(;/7^. 

•yau. 
Enamelled ware, dJ]^ y^ ^ 

/<?;?^ yau hi^. 
Encamp, ^\^ ^ cAa^p^-ying. 
Enchantment, §^Z^j]^ mai- 

wan-chan . 

Encircle, ^ 

/ ^ iffl wai-raaai. 
Enclose, J *=*^ ^ 

^1 /fi: wai-chue . 

Encoffin, }\^ ^ s/w^^%u. 



END 



86 



ENG 



EncompasB, g •^ \vai-chue\ 
Encore, ^ ^ tsoP-Un. 
Encounter, ^ ue^ ^ ^ 
ue^ cheuk. ^^H ^ ue' /an\ 



ue'' miu\ 



Encourage, ^ ^| ^min-lai , 

^/roo- moo. 
Encroach, '^f|*| ts^um-chwv'. 
Encumber, ^ ^ lui^-cliui . 
Encyclopedia, H^^ lui^-s/i</f. 
End, U^ ^ shau-''xn'\ (^mi), 

^ ciniung, (either) ^ t'au. 
Endanger, ^ ||^ lui^ 

Endeavour, ^ ^ rA'j^^Mik, 

Endless, |1S ^ mo-k'uung, 

M S ^«o-t«"un\ 
Endowments, jjp ^ V^''^" 

f/w;', y^ ts'oi, (property) 

^ ^ sbeung-ip. 
Endure, (last) ^ ts'uen, |^ 

/c'am, (hpar) ^^ fjgj 'yau- 



noi , ^ Y^ uoi'-to/t. 



Enemy, ff^ M ch'au-tik, gj- 

]|^ ^m'-tik. 
Energy, -^ lik, '^ ;/j shai''- 

lik. 
Enervated, ] ^ 
Enfeebled, I -^^^"^ ^ 
Enforce, ^ -^ lak-liDg\ -gg 

^s/ifli, i^i 4^ pit-^shai. 
Engage, f J ^ yum'-yuung', 

to b'trotb (of men only) 

^ ^ ting'-^s'an. 
Engaged, (occupicri) Z^ ^^ 

^yau-sze\ ^^^§(13 m-tak- 

haan. 

Engagement, (agreement) ^^ 

yeuk^, ^^ f^ ypMk^-siimi^^ 

(business) ^ ^ -^ze^ -koh?i^ . 

Engine, ^ gg /a-//i\ 

Engineer, chief, ^^ gy taai'- 

•A:«i\ second, III.g^[' i-*kai^f 

or -^Ifi taai' ch'e, ZL ^ 

i'cA'^',^!!? .<t'/fl'7w ch'e, etc. 

England, i?^^ JljH J'»>?y- 
kat-\?-kico:i\ ifi f^ FtVjy- 

lun, 3^^^ ^'"'»^ J^»"^ 






E\'R 



87 



BNT 



Englisb, ^ Yin(j, ^H<^, 
Ying kwok* ke'. Tlie too 
prevalent descriptive epithet 

Jii ^ A ^^""= ^^ y^^ 

should never be used, and 
wheu heard should be 
discourafred. 
Engraft, §|] i|§[ /s'tm-shue\ 

Engtavc-, Hf(: ^] 'a<-Aa/c. 
Engross, i^^i-j^ laani-maai. 
Enigma, D|il<ijS «-*inooi, ^ 

po pooi'-Sic. 
Enjuin, \ff ^ teng-tuuk. 
Enjoy, ^ lipung. 
Enh'Tue. ^^ ^ /"rw^ -taai , 

^ ^ '"'•■'///?V-t»iai . 
Enli .;'nt('!: H^^ -^^ chiu -kwong. 
Enlist ^g 7^///. 
Enmity. |JL ^ ch*au-«i?n . 
Eninii. 'til f^ haai'-kuen'. 
Enormous, (great) ^ ;^ 

Bhuin -hiai . 
Enor.'Tli, -^ /.Y/?/'', ^ t^uuk. 
Enquir •, fji f1|J yo/?//-nnin\ 
Enr .,. , \^ ^ /.X'-no^, 

^\ kik-nau. 



Enraptured, ~X ^> 



Ww-pat-tak-foon- hi. 



ling 



Enrich, ^- 

foo 
Ensign, ]^ k'i. 
Ensure, ^ f^ '^po-\\ng. 
Entangle, '|j j'^ k^cmg -chne , 

k'tvaang' •chao', ^^ ^[^ 
tom-luen'. 
Enter, ^ yup, ^ y\ tsiiun- 

yup, (on life) [fj ^ ^A♦^<^<^ 

Enterprising, JJ ;^ ^ /w'- 
Vi'm^-k'i, -g- # -g- 

haang-tsok - haang-wdA 
Entertain, ;|g ^ chiu-isi2}\ 

^ ^ hohii-toi . 
Eiif in. i.i^n. ^ ;g Yoo-cJn. 

Eutit.., g| p^^ Vaii-Vau, (or 

urge tii) :j^ laii. 
Entire, -|- ^ hap-ts'uen. 
Entirely, TJ^ |^ ts'oi-.s^at', 

t8uun-*ti . 
Entitle! r • fjg }^^ ging tak. 
Entrail , gg .^jff tsong'-yoc/, 

(ox's) 2^ ^^ ngau-tsaap. 



EPI 



88 



ERR 



Entranced, ^^ ^ y"P- 
waan - ktjuj/. 

Entrapped, A ffl S ^"P" 

hum-to . 
Entreat, ^3^ V;a?i-k'au. 

Entry, ^ ^ y"P-lo'- 
Enunciate, ^]^'kong-ch'md. 
Envelop, ^ ^^^ inau-chxxQ , 

>fe| ;^ jyrt«n maai. 

Envelope, (of a letter) -(g 0^ 

5»»n -haam, ^ ^ s?/?(n - 

•/'o^ ^ ^ suvn-J'uung. 

Envy, ^^ tsat-/<s ^/i^ 

fo'-ki', P^ fj; 'ngaan- 

huung. 

Epicure, *^ ^^ ^ f^ ^'^f'- 

leung- ^s,ie-tai . 
Epidemic, n$ ^ ^\-ching . 
Epidendrum, {fj ^ tin - 

•laan. 
Epilepsy, U ^ |^ faat - 

yeung-fm . 
Epistle, ^ ;(»L sw"'i -fAfl«^ . 
Epitaph, ^ ^, moo -clxi . 
Epithet, gij ^ pit-ho\ 
JBpitorae, ^ ^Mr taai -•leuk. 



Equal, ^ tang,ji^^seu7ig- 

tang, j^ 2JI kivun-y'-infi^, 

flllg chik /a/., as,^^^ If- 

^ ^, chik tak kei ioh 

(how much is it equal to?) 

Equally, j^ lainin, 2ji p'ing. 

Equanimity, i^ ^ ^swwi- 
ting\ 

Equator, 5^ ^^ c^'/Zi; -to . 

Equinox, Q ^ ^ ^ yat- j 
ye -p'ing-/w;i, (vernal) ^^; ^ 
^ ch^uiin-fwi, (autumnal) " 
^<^ ^ ts'au-fun. 

Equipped, (dressed out) ^ 
^WL^^ tB'uen-sAa;?-jt?'i- 

Equitable,^ 2IS 7r?«^??9-p'ing. 
Equivalent, fg p^'^ ^ 0^ 

chik-Zcowi -i'flA-*ts'in-/ce . 
Equivocate, ^ # ^ |g 

kong-sheung-kwaan -''' w a . 
Erase, ^ij^ A?<;rm^ -/«<« , ^ 

•^ *ch'a-AMc . 
Erect, jLL [J laap-chik, ^ 
shue - hi, (to build) 
hi, (upright) ;;j^ k'i. 
Err, ^^ ch'a-ahat, -^ |^ 

shat-ng\ ^ Ij^ r/»t'-'ng'^ 



ETC 



80 



EVE 



Error, ^ (s^o?i.\ 
Eruption, (on the skin) \^^0 
ch'nut- ch*an, ^:^ j>aan- 
ch*an. 
Erysipelas, ^1^^ t^aan-tsue. 
Escape, ^^^jl^ ^^^"-'^^- 

of) ^ ^ huc.\o. 
J^scort, ^ j^ 00 -suung . 
Especially, ^^ ^ tak-/;< , 

^L kang -hai 

ckt -kan-iu , 

tang, ^C ?^ rJiaen tang. 
Essay, (an) ^ ^ mim- 

Essence, ^ ^ tsing-y,-a., ^ 

til ^«''".'7- ■•'^'''• 
Essential, j^\ ^Jj pit-sue. 
Establisli. 1^ jj^ /c/n^-laap, 



Eternal, ^ ^ winj^- uen. 
Etii[iiette, /K jn^ .<!iu- iai, 

i-cAi/c . 
Eunuchs of the palace, -J^ ^ 

f'flfn" -kaam . 
Euphemism, ^ jfj^ ^ Zraf- 



-^ tak 



i: /£ laap-tiug . 
Estate, ;^ ^ /ci-ip. 
Esteem, (consider) |^ 
i-wai, (respect) ^, 

tsuen -cheung^ . 



Estimate, 



site/i -tok, 



leuiiof-tok. 



Et cetera, ^ :^ ^^ yau'- 



yan-^'/m. 



ts*eung-»wa , J-g |g ^j 
nga-c/a'-*wa\ 
Europe, ^j^G ^J^-loh-^^a. 
Evacuate, :^ ^ poon-h uung, 

(bowels) f^^- kaai- shau, 

[ij ^ cJniut-huung. 
Evade, jfj^ ^ /'?/i-Zu<. 
Evaporate, ^-f^ sJiing-saan^. 
Evasive, ^{fj^jg p'ong- 

haau-chak-kik, ^ ||g 's/n"m- 

Even, ^ p'ing, (number) ^ 

Hj^ sheicng-sho^, (also) ^[\ 

yik, g^ ^flfl. 
Evening, J^ ^maan, (towards) 

^ lll^ '/a»-*'^maan, (dark) 

J^ ^ "^maan-Af/^. 
Eveuiug-star, ^ ^S ^ 

ch^eung-kang-sing. 
Event, SP'l'm sze'-ts'ing, (im- 

portant) -^ ^ taai -sze . 



EWE 



90 



EXC 



^^ ^ hop, IE ching\ 

(cc.L.) P^' P^ c''i7^«^^- 
nganm. 

, ;";■.■ I Exact, (to) Jl^M ^^^'^''f ^' 

V"". ^ - ''"'^''\ (extort)fj^lHk-sofc,^;^ 

Ever-green, S^^ ^^^«"- -^-)i W/c-lak. 

"'"-/■s'""^- ' Exaggerate, ^ 1^ TJv 3® 



'^kong-talc-Paai -Jciroh , :^5 
kik-iii. 



/«t'0/i . 



Eventually, j]^ M «^«''-^'^'- 
Ever, 7P gJ: l^'^^-^*^^ (f ^^- 

nally) 3< E '^^"f;'"'"' 
(any time) 



Everlasting, Jfi ''^i»S' XK 

Every, i® 1@ ^'^^^ "'^''^^ ' 
(N.B.— ^i'fi'T/ is expressed 
by repeating the noun), | ^^^^^.^ 
@ 'mooi, every now and I _ 

then, i} Tf^ it "°^ ^'"^ 
noi. , 

Everything, 7^#©ye""g 

yeung' 'ye, (-is) -JlK^^ 
^ mat-'^ye-too-lvii 
Everywhere, ^ijj^ ^o'-f/i*«e , 

®^ c/m?<-wai 
Evidence, |f ^ f/unr/Mme', 
M p'ang, ii H P^ang- 
kue^ (verbal) p fdfc '/'«" 
hilling. 
Evident, BH Q ming-paak 

Evil, ^ o/c\ 

Ewe, :^ fl: yeung- naoo. 

Ewer, ;;JC )S ^''^w^-P'eng- 



Exa'^geration, •:fc ® ^'««^' 



^ kiie-Jco. 



Examination, (literary) 



C 7 •' 

Jiaau-s/ii 



Examine, ^ ^ 'haan-Jcau\ 
(judicially) ^ P„^ 's/nm- 
mun\ ^ Ptt^ p'oon-mun', 
(money g^ 't'ai. 

Example, :^^ yeung'-'/sse, 

(effect of) R 4fc /«""^- 

Exasperate, :^ ^ ch'aau- 

paau . 
Exceed, ^ jig shing-Jcu-oh\ 

Exceedingly, "Ji^ ^ ^'^^^ ' 
ktvoh\ -js^ ^ mu-%hnm\ 

Excel, g. yeng, "^ 
shing^-kicoh . 



EXO 



91 



EXU 



Excellency, (a title) -J\^ ^ 

taai'-yan, ^^^ //t't -t'oi. 
Excellent, g^ kik-'lio, -f- 

'^jif B\\~i]) fun ho. 
Except, (to^ ^ :^ c\i'uc-hue\ 

/j^ st pt^t-kai , (unless) 

^y pr> 'kau-pat, ^ ^ 

~^\ ^'o;j//-yeuk-'ni. 
Excess, ;^_ 'gf Iwoli-tong, jg 

jS^ iw'pA -to . 
Excessively, j[^ ^ •^^^•o/i - 

t'au. 
Exchanfi^e, -^ |^ tui -oon . 

E-^cite, ^ g '/»w-'ye, ^, 



suung- yuunq 
c c, 



"suung-''hi, ^ Mn /fci/j//- 

tuung . 
Exclaim, P^ PJ^ foo-haam . 
Exclude, 1^ yj ch'ue-pA'M?/^ 
Excrement, S. a/u". 
Excrescence, J/^^ yau-chui , 

^ j|0 chui'^-*lan. 
Excruciating, ^0. ts^aam. 
Exculpate, ^ Q ^i'w-paak. 



Excuse, (to) ^ g,^ A:m'- 
leung , (make an) ;^^ j^"^ 
^'oA'-ta'ze, -d^jl^^/'t^/Jy-sa^. 

Execute, '^ JD^ tso -Bhing, 

Execution, ][£ ^ c/it?!^ - 
/fla^\ (ground) f^ iJJ /aaf'- 
ch'eung. 

Executioner, ^ -^ aA«ai - 

Executive council, ^%1^^^ 

i-ching -*kuuk. 
Executor, ^ ^ :^ A 

shau -t^ok^ -c/ii( ke J-ydiU, ^ 

^ A shing-paan -yan. 
Exempt, TO^ ""min. 
Exercise, (motion) ^^ 

hang-tuung , (practice) ^ 

^^ tgaap-lin\ 
Exert, m 'hm, g| ^ faat'- 

'fun, (strength), '^ ^ 

fun-lik. 

Exhalation, ?JT 9j ;S: ^^ 
shoh-chUiut-chi (ke'') hi . 

Exhaust, ^^tsuun', Qi ^ 
s/wi-tsuun . 



Exculpation, ^ |g; '/caa»- Exhibit, gjg,/aai'-ii?V 



3^U«^ , 



t'lii- tvai. 



— ^ c 



yj^ Am-Bhi 



EXP 



91 



EXP 



Exhilarated, ^ J0 shong- 

ehan. 
Exhort, ^ huen. 
Exigency, ^ ^ 'kan-hup. 
Exist, ^ tsoi', :^ 'yau, ^ 

ts'uen. 
Exit, (way) ^ gg }iue-\o, 

| T} ^ ch'-uut-ch'-u^ . 
Exorbitant, ^ Jg ^W- 
^2^fl;i\ ^ ^ |@ M-toyt 

tsai', ^ )@ 4^ ^/i ^/6-oA' 

t'au. 
Exorcise, ^ |^ chuuk-^ff//ai. 
Expand, gg [jfj clmmg-hoi. 
Expanse. ^& ho'-tong', ]g 

^ ^ kwong-foot -shue . 
Expect, gg moDg\ :^^ toi', 

4^ liu\ f]^]^^ liu>l 
Expedient, (convenient) 

:it pin'-i, (an) gf W 
^^Pel» g [ij 'kohn-ch'uut. 
Expend, ^^ '.?//««■->*•'. 
Expense, -^ ^ ^ 's/ta*- 

yuung -•ngan. 
Experienced, -^^ 'lo-*lin', 

tW fl^ kwaan -%\i\ivk, 

^^- slmuk-S^a?^, (hand) 

;^ "^ lo- 57i«w, 



aht -im , 



Experiment, _„ ; 

-tt "^ ^'pi-pHng. 
Expert, (hand) 2^^ Viaaw- 

'^Aaw, (at) ^ i^ 'shin- 

Expiate, jig shuuk. 
Expire, p^/oo, p^^ p^un- 
^» ' (<^ie) ^ ^ tBuet-A?', 

iR ,^ 't'uen./a', ^- 

tsuun , (time) yg 'moon. 
Explain, |i^ W/at. 
Explanation, ^ |^ '^aaj. 

sAwe^', ^ ^ 'kaai-faat\ 
Expletive (particle), ^ ^ 

hue-tsze . 

Explicity, ^g^QQming- 

ming-paak-paak. 
Explode, i|:^ ^-^a', (^ m 

paau -ch'-uut. 
Explore, J^^ yau-Aroon, 

^ t'aam -shaah\ J^ 

ts'uuD-ch'a. 
Explosion, P^ paang, paang. 
Export,^ (;^) yjP cAon^- 

(foli ) rh'uut-^hau. 
Expose, ^ ^ \in-\o, ^ 

^ kuung-HH^, 



I 



EXT 



93 



EYE 



Expostulate, ^^f kaan , 

0^ //M(?« -kaan . 
Expound, ^/§'f ko7i//- kaai. 
Express, (to) ^ {;Jj Jcong- 

ch'uut, (au) =f- M .^ 

ts^vi- li- ma. 
Expression, ^^ ^ ts'ze-'ue, 

(of face) ^ ^ /a -s/«A;. 
Expressive, (open as the face) 

Expressly, ^ -^ tak-^teny. 
Expunge, ^ ^ *ch'a-hne^. 
Exquisite, j^ niiu\ ^ g 

miu -kik. 
Extant, }j/p ^ s/io/i-fcs'uen. 
Extempore, to speak, )|^ p 

^S shuun -''hau- koTig. 
Extend, ^ ^ shan-hoi, 

(widen) [{^ ^ shan-foot\ 

(lengthen) -^f^ -^ shaii- 

ch'enng. 
Extensive; ^ ^ kwong-foot . 
Extenuate, J'JrJ;^'^ '^kaam-heng. 
Exterior, ^|» gf ngoi -rain\ 
Exterminate, ^i]j^ ^s»u-mit. 
External, ^K ngoi 



.> 



Extinguisl), |^ mit, j^^ »ik, 

(by blowing) fij^j^f^ <^h'ui- 

mit. 
Extort, ^^ lak-soA , 
Extract, ^ [Jj Vuet' -ch'uuty 

^[ij pat-rA'M?^<. 
Extraordinary, ;^ ^K kaak - 

Extravagant, ^ ch'e^ ^'Hf 
■^Ij rao-^5»^ -cArti , (expense) 
^ H /<2-/«t', (price) -j^ 



f-aai -kwai . 



Extreme, ^ kik. 
l]xtreraely, ^ ^^ chi -kik, 

;^ shura , -|*^ fihap/M». 
Extricate, ^^ thiei-lut. 
Exult, U^ g. JlJ gh %^«- 

Ai-W -Viu . 
Eye, i^ 'ngaan, ^% § 

ngaan-rauuk. 
Eye-ball, B|^ ^ ngaan-^c/iM^, 

BR^ 'ngaan-wat. 
Eye-brow, |^ ^ ngaan-mi. 
Eye-lash, g^ ^ ^ ^ngaan- 

yup-*mo. 
Eyelid, 0^ ^ "'DgaaD-fcoi , 



FAC 



94 



FAI 



Eye-service, ^Jj^jg X ^ 

chong- mai-'inin -kuung-foo, 
3fcWX^ ^ivong-*mm- 
kuung-foo. 



Fable, ^ g ue'-in, /^ 
siu-*shuet. 



Fabric, (texture) 1§i ^ ^ 
JjjM chik-t&o -chi-m&t, chik- 
tso -ke - ye. 

Fabricate, ;|^ ^ to -chaan . 

Fabulous, 1^^ hue-taan . 

Face, g min', (to) fj- ig 
/ooi -min , g p5j ^.j* fon;]- 
mm -rooj , (to see) ^fS m| 
tik-min , ^ pg Aiu^- 
min . 

Face to face, ^ ^S rnin^- 
W.^EiSlw] 'leung- 
min -seimg-heimg . 

Facile, ^ ^ yuung-i\ 

Facility, /|[| ^ 8hunn'-*pin\ 

Fac-Bimile, ^^ ^ ^Kl R 
mo-shing- tB'ze-r/ia?i. 

Fact, g (p 6hat-Bze'. 

Faction, ^^ Von^, ^ ^ 



Factory, ^^ *hong. 

Faculty, g^ ^ nang-A;(?/<!n'. 

Fade, ^ ^ ts'aan-W;, 
(as colour) ^ ^ ^chuen- 
shik. 

Faded, ^ (^ ts'aan-/iii<. 

Fagged, ^f^ kUcun -k\ien\ 

■ ^ 'f^ ^au -kuen', kooi'. 

Faggot, (a) — }{5 ^§ yai- 
j'jrt-ch'aai. 

Fail, ^ fat , (become bank- 
rupt) '^j ^ to-*hong, or 
m % to' k'ung, % ^ 
to-tso^, (iu examination) 

Faint, (to) ^ ^ /w;i-mai, 
-^ z^ sAfj(f-\van, (feeble) 
SfC IS '"f^i-yeuk, j;^ ^ 
hk-tsuun . 

Fair, (clear) ^ ts'ing, 0^ 
ts'ing, (pretty) ^ 
ts'-ing-sau , (just) ^ 
kumg-to\ (-wind) JgJK, 
ehuun -fuung, (tide) jlj^lJC 



shuun - sAwji. 



FAM 



95 



FAS 



Fairy, f^J ^.vn, JjiflJ f [Ij slian- 

(female) -^[J] -^ .sin-* nue. 
Fairy-land, ^ M i]\\ ^ 

p*auug-]o\-sm-^ kiiif/. 
Faitl), ^ |i^i sunn -tak. 
Faithful, j^ t^ chuung-sum. 
Falcon, J||^ JJ§ lip-yiHy, ^J 

Fall, ^ tit\ 'If ^] kwaan'- 
^to, (COL.) t:ip, a fall in 
prices ^ ^ tit' ka\ 

False, jg Vn. 

Falpf'hood, -^ gl^ taai -wa , 
fl ^ Vo^'//-in. 

Falsi! V, 3^ ' 

f ^-a-i'^ ^ jg^ '^ching-^ka. 

Fame, ::^^ ming-s^i??^, ^ 
ming. 

Familiar, ^^ ^ haap-tsaap, 
^ tS tj^aam-*k'iu, (too) 
^ ^Ip sii^-haap. 

Family, ^ A;a, ^ ^ ^a- 
A;j/en , ^ pi Ar/- /?«?<, (how 
is your?) g ^ ^ ^ 5f 
'po-kuen -\yiug-oIin-a? (well, 
thank you) ^ /MflS ^ 
^a- stu-A90-^'(?A;'-laai . 






Famine, 0L Jtl ^^~fong. 
Famishing, ^ M ^h M 

ngoh -/o - i<ze- kom, 6ij} .iS 

^ npoh -tnk-kup. 
Fan (a") :j{i^ pa-shin', (to) 

Fanatic, '[^ ^lJ^3E ^""" ■^^'" 
k'wong, -f^ JlJ ;^ suuu^ 
to -tin. 

Fancy, :^"3 J^ waan'-^eimg, 
^^ auiung'-^5e?m/7, (suit 

3^ o©n\ 
Fannerp, J^ ;[.g //<?w^-kwai . 
Far, ^ uen. 
Farce, (a) ^ ^ — [^ 

Inung -hi'-yat-ck'nut. 
Fare, (money) -^ )Jp s7ija'- 

k6vk\ J^ U ^f?d''-*t8'in. 
Farewell, g|^»2p^ mong'- 

ni-p'ing-<?A;j. 
Farm, 5JJEE fi^-'^'^'on^^, (to) 

1^ 03 kang-i^m. 
Farmer, ^ ^ \\\inv\g-foo. 
Farm-labourer, ^\ H) fg 

A;^??^ t'in /fl. 
Fascinating, ^ ^j V^u- yan. 



FAT 



96 



FEC 



Fashion, (the) ^ ^ %\n-^foon, 

(a) *^ yeung\ 
Fashionable, ^0$^ J-shi- 

>«", Bf ^ 8hi-//m^. 
Fast, (to) ^ ;^ ^ian'-shik, 

'^ ^^ shik-c//r/(7i. 
Fast, (quick) !Q^ faca , ^ 

'^ '^kohn-fcfcn, (firm) ^ 

^ A-»n-shat. 
Fas'ten,f|5^>;,y-%,;,,§g 

■^ f///7/^-shat, (a door) 

^ shaan. 
Fastidious, ^ <['^ naan-uet, 

q^ 4^ im-tsim. 
Fat, gg fi, fat as Iratter ^ 

yffi [«'• fir] jtH- UE -^/"'^ 

yau [or Vs^a] /ro?«^ fi, (sub.) 
Vft yau, ^ y^ Zro-yau. 

Fate, ^ ^ ^/;i-ming', ^ 
ffi^ Liug -s//o . 

Father, ^^ foo\ ^ ^ foo^ 
fcV//?, ^ ;J4 lea foo^ (col.) 
^lo-tau ;^ -^ "^lo- /ss'e, my 
late father -^ ^ .si/« foo. 

Father-in-law, hV^ j^ ngoi - 
foo\-^^!]gok-*cheung\ 
(wife's) ^ ^ ka-yuung. 



Fathom, (10 feet) ^ cheung , 
(to) ^^Ij Jjg cA'a^-tok. 

Fatigue, [^^ ItHvan -kuen . 

Fatten, ^ J^^ ""yeung-fi. 

Fault, y^ ^ }^ jMt-shi - 
r//'?^fl', %^ mo-peng',^ 
^ pai'-peng', jg -^ 
kwolc'-shat. 

Favour, ^ //</», ^ 'fg yan- 
ts'ing, (t..) ^ ^ 7;o«^- 

Favourable, j]^ shuuu . 
Favourite, ^^^ ^ch'^uuny-oi , 
Fawn, (to) ^P ^ noh-nuny 

Fear, |g fa\ ^V|*fl '//"m;?^- 

Feasible, "pj* J[^ AoA- i. 

Feast, ^ ;g in-tsik, >;g )^ 

Feather, '0^ ^ ue-mo, ^ 
"^ /s^?<A;-mo, feather broom 
^^ ^ ^^ kni mo so\ 

February, .^ 22 ^ Ying-i - 
net. 

Feces, S- shiy (refuse) 
cha- tsze. 



FEL 



97 



FES 



i 



(secret) f)l k'lcoi. 

Feeble, it^^ ^^ 'uen-yeuk. 

Feed, ^ ^yeung, ^ p 
*yeung- /lau, (give food to) 
Og u'ai\ H, //i\ (fatten) 

^ BC Veung-fi. 

Feel, "^ koJc\ ^ kin, (with 
the hand) :^ Swo//, to feel 
the pulse |^ gjj^ Vr^» mak, 
and hence, a Chinese doctor 
is termed |^ ^ :5t 4 
^i'«i mak sin-shamj. 

Feeling, '['^ ts'ing. 

yeung-wai. 
Felicity, jj|f|| funic. 
Fell, Iff 'r/^a^/m, -g] ^ 

75^ Vo lok-lai. 

Fellow, [qj ^ t'uung-poon , 

(common) ^^ lo. 

Fellowship, jj^ ^ seung-1caau. 

Fellow-townsman, ^ ^ 

henng-is'an, [^ ^^ t-uung 

Felony, ^ |^ "^sze-tsui , ^ 



Felt, ^ffi mo-^r/.u^ ||gjl 



haai-^r////?. 



taai -tsui'. 



Female, -^ mo, ^ »«, 
(woman) -^ nue, (gender) 

Fence, |g| ^ \i-pa, ^ •wai. 
Fence (to) '^y. ^J moo-Aim . 
Fencing, ^Ij ^ /nm^-shuut. 
Fender, ^ *wai, (ship's) 

Ferment, |^ j^^^ ^^^ -A;rtfrf< , 
(fepoil) f^ f(tat . 

Fern, ^ :^^ ^^ wong- A;fli^- 
^/?iY?, ^ [jg ^ ^tseng-^tai- 
^sai ^^ long-^i,(edihle) 

Ferocious, ^^^z, ^/'^i -hiiung. 
Ferocity, '^^^Z.*W t^'aan- 

sAart^ -chi-smg . 
Ferret, Q ^ If paak- 

muung-kwai . 
Ferry, gj gg to'-t'an. 
Ferry-boat, '|§7[C® waang- 

sJnn-*to . 
Fertile, ^ yinik, flg fi. 
Fervent, ^ it. 
Fester, ^ 2^ sliang- ch^ong. 
Festival, |jj^ /5t/-k'i. 



FIE 



98 



FIL 



Fetch, ^^ 5(^ ning 

lai. 
Fetid, ^ ch'au . 
Fetters, ;|v^ j^ chat-kuuk, 

(hand-) -^ |^ shau-lm, 

(feet-) CT fg Av>u^'-liu. 
Fetus, ^" j"'(?fi, ^f>^p p^ooi- 

Poi. 
Fever, ^^ A^'' -it, (inter- 

niitteiiL) tr ffii ^- '^«- 

paai- isz". 
Feverisli. j^ //i°;?.(7 . 
Few, A/* skill, ^ A/* se-^'sJn'u, 

a few days ago 5t ^ S 

st» '■^^ yafc. 

Fibres, g^ muii, |^^ sze. 
Fickle, ^,t ^ f4 ino-ting'- 

sing ,(C()L.) fi-fih. 
Fiction, >|^ ■|||^ '^siu- shuei'. 
Fictitious, 1^ 'ka. 
Fiddle, (two strinsred) .^^ 

i'-*in, (to) |Jf n I 



ngaan-i^-*ia. 



Fidelity }^^ t^ chuwig-tum. 
Fidgety, J'^ ^^ soh-sui . 
Fie! r;^\ i'soi/ c/ro/ 
Field, [H t'in. 



Fierce, J^ ^U Siiang-lit. 

Fife, :j^ |g waang-*tek. 

Fifth, 1^ 55. tai'-^'ng. 

Fi>,^i£^ mo-fa-'kivoh. 

Fight, ^ ^ Va-Z:^,,' (in 
war) :^ ^j^ '^'^-cheung^ 
{chung^), ^* ^ ^aai^- 

Figurative, j:fj p^ Vi-ue\ 
Figure, ^^ '-tseung', 

(of epeecli) ^ P^ "ji'-ue^. 
File, (a tool) Jg ^ ^a- 

fo'oV, (to) 1^ p[; is'oh^- 

^ha, (papers) fm^ -J^ tip- 

maai. 
File fish, :f Ij 1^ f^ mok'-^'i 

yeung. 
Filial, ^ llj^ //r/f^r?* -phunn'. 

F'l'' JS: ffi /''^'//-SiKx.r., fr 

jg V«- iuooii, glj- !J^ 

ckuum moon. 
Fillet of beef, ^ Jf|p o^au- 

'lau. 
Film, ^M mok, ^^ i-mok. 

Filter ^fl|^"'"'^'-^^'*''^"i^ 
lue\ .'. -^J^ -j^ .5/w-''iau'. 
Filth, g i^ ?£^«t'-mat. 



FIN 



99 



FIR 



00 



-wm , y^ 



Filthy, f^ 

5|^ oo-tso. 
Fin, ^ rhU\ 
Finfil, ^ ^ A.7'-'nu(m/), 

■^ ^"'// ^king. 
Find, ^^ ;mn-cheuk, (by 
accidtui,; "i^^-^ ue -cheuk, 
(-out) ^ Hj ch'u-c/i'w«/', 
to find one's own food, ^ 
g g sliik tsz^ ^^i. 

(elegani) gJi Zt-^t/, ^' 
miu , ^£ ':^|^ kong-kau . 
Fine, (td -^ ^ 'aiif-*iio;an. 

Finery, \^ ^ Z. ^ f=^"- 

wa-cA« Miiir. 
Fing-er «^ -fq x/..^/^- chi. 
Finp:er-glaas, ^ ^^^ a/ifl-t^- 

^chuwig. 
Finger- rimr Ji^^g /'wi -^<;Ai. 
Finical. '/]^ ^ ^ ''siu-ka- 

chnin^ ■ 
Finish ^^^^^ 



n: 



tso -uen. 



Finite, :fj jj^ raa-haan . 
Fir, J0 rh'aam\ '^■^ ts'uung. 



Fire, ;/> '/oh, (to) »)^ shiu, 
to set on fire j^'J^ Jong^ 
fo, a fire {i.e. conliaj^ration) 
yClS 'M rA^^A;, or ^fj ^^ 
:^ ift 1"" n?a 'lo Vot;, 
(a gnu ^"^♦fc^ naat' p'aau . 

Fire-arniB, ^^'^ [foh-p'aau^ 
(foreign mnoKeta) y3& ^k 
jenng-ts'-eiing. 

Fire-crackers. ^ ^ p'aau^- 



'■"tsenng 



Fire-enp;iii»\ ;;;jclp. ^shui-ch^e. 

Fire-fly, i^ j^ {mg-'foh. 

Fireman i^iokers, etc.) 'j^'/C 
shiu ''foil (in a city^ 
j/CA ^'^^'«<^ ''foh yan, 

ke\ 
Fire- wood, ^^ ch'nai. 
Fire-work^ jfjl;] :f:E /'/-/a, (to 

b"^») ').% 'J;3 ^ sAtw-m- 
>A. 
Firm ^ ^ V/?/^ «'0'>', ^ 

n^'aaiij,-\ 
Firm. (.) ^ ^ kunng-szty 
fj *liong. 



FLA 



100 



FLA 



Firmament, ^ ^ k'uung- 

ts^ong. 
First, ^ — • tai -i/at. 
First-born, |^ -^ t'au- 

cheung. 
First-rate, J§ & ling- ho. 
Fish, ^^ ue, *ue, (a) — j^^ 

^ ya/-t'in-»ue, (to) jj^^ 

aa;i-*ue, (angle) ^J 
<iw -*ue. 

Fisherman, f^ ^ K loh- 
ue-yan. 

Fishy smell, -^ |^ ne-seiig. 

Fisgure, Jjj |!^i la-kwiJc. 

Fist, ;^ ^ k'uen-t'au. 

Fistula, it ^ shang-ch'-uen. 

Fit, ^ eheuk, (a) — -i;^ ya^ 
ch'eung, (fainting) ^ ^ 
— "i^/^'/'-mai-ya^ch'eung. 

Fittings, jl^ ^ /;a shaang. 

Fitch, /Ja ^ sjM-*tau . 

Five, 3£ ''ng. 

Fix, ^ ^ ting -shat. 

Fixed number, ^ S^ ngaak- 

Tlabby, ^ 5^ suung-p^au . 



Flag, (a) J^ k'i, (to) g;|J 

s/iMi-fui. 
Flag-stuff, J^ :;j:f k^i-kohn. 
Flag-stone, ^i0jl^8hek-'^paan. 
Flagitious, _J£ ^ huung- 

hohn . 
Flagrant, ^^ ming- raong,. 

"g* jig tong-m\n. 
Flail, ^ j^ f$ '^a-woh- 

p'aang. 
Flake, j^ ;/t>i\ 
Flame, ^ ^ >A- mi, *^ 

ilS '>^-im'. 
Flank, ip^ ^1 'uen-hip. 
Flannel, yj> ^^^ si«-*juung, 
Flap,;^'/;», ^^/ioi'-V 
Flapping, j^ j^^ [Tp ;/afl/c'- 

p'rtflA -"ha . 
Flash, (to) P»^ sMm^^^ship' . 
Flask, ^ Jsuun. 
Flat, ^ IE p'ing-c7i%\ 

(thin) ^ 'pm, (ground) 

iKiiij ^«^-ti', (insipid) j^ 

H^ ^ Vaam-*Vaam-*ti\ 
Flatter, (Jpf^; 

fuung^-shing. 
Flattery, ^ 



o/«-mi - 



ch'im-mi . 



f • 



;>• ;•,; 



FLI 



yeung- 



Flatulent, ^fS^M ^^'^^- 

chai -faat -hi . 
Flaunt, ^ 

^chuen-shue . 
Flavour, ^ t^ hi^-mi'. 
Flaw, 5g JJ ha^-ts'ze. 
Flax, ,^ ma. 
Flay, ■§[] ^ mok-'p'l 
Flea, ^ig ^ 'kau-shaf, ^ 

Flee, J2^^ Vo-'tsav, ^^ 

tsau-hue . 
Fleet. ^ ;jg <^ ^p'aau-tah- 
faax, ^ ?s'Mz/A, (a) — . 

^ yat-pong. 
Fleeting, ^ {ry- '^ /z-Aowi'- 

faai'. 
Flesh, P^ yuuk. 
Fleur-de-lis, ^ ^ :JE oo- 

•tip-/a. 
Flexible, ^|JC yau-*^uen, ^ 

^ wat-tak. 
Flighty, j^ U gt 'leuDg- 

t'au-^iV, %'^:^ Piu-t'aat\ 
Flinch, -^Ijl wai'-shuuk. 
^^g' fe t'au, :^ w;m^. 
Flint, ;^ ;5 >A-8hek. 



101 FLO 

Flippant, v^pj^ yau- tsui, "JT 

K ^ © ha^p'a-Ae«ir- 

heng. 
Float, 'J^ fau, ^^ p'o. 
Flock, ^^ k'wun. 
Flop, ^^"^ pin- to,(bamboo) 

'ilWL'^ to- jcaan- tsze. 
Flood, (the) »^ ;J; huung- 

shui. 
Flood-tide, pfC^ sAMi.-taai\ 
Flooding, rjjr ^ huet'-pang, 

JUIIjLIJBJI huef -shaan-pang . 
Floor, ;^ ;;i^ ♦lau-jooaw, 

(ground-) i^ ^ ti'-t'oi. 
FloBs-silk, ^ 1^ s35-yuung. 
Flounder, ^ P ^^ ^^soA- 

^ai'-ne. 
Flour, ^^ mm'-' fun, (Ist) 

V^^ tang'.min\ (2nd) 

:^S ;7iw-min', (3rd) ^ 

^ >oi-min'. 
Flourishing, ^ ^ mau^- 

shing\ 
Flow, »^ lau. 
Flower, :^ /a, (a) _ ^ 

Flower-garden, ^[^ /^ uen. 



FOI 



102 



FOP 



Fluctuating, /p ^ f§ 'm- 



% ^leung- 



ting -tak, ^ 

t'au'lau. 
Fluent, Jj^ TJiiJ lau-li' (lai'). 
Fluid, ^1®^ 'shui-'kom- 

yeung . 
Flurry, )^ "ft /bn^-mong. 
Flush, ^fX.A^^'-^uung. 

Flute, ^ siw, ^j^^'IJ waang- 

•tek. 
Flutter, (to);||g/o^'-yik, 

(in a) i|^> ^ S2/m-luen\ 

^ ^ cheuk-/fc?</7, ^§ ;^ 

p'an-;3'(?A;\ 
Fly, (to) ^ /7, (a) ,^ ^|| 

oo-ying, (blue bottle) 

M tsHnff-ying, ^ ,^ 

A;aw-oo-ying. 
Foam, }^^ fau-flM, (at the 

mouth) ff£ -J^ Vo^-moot'. 
Foe, gj: tik. 



^og, ^^ muung-mo\ -' 



^ mai-mo . 



Foist in, 



A 1" 



7^ wan' 



en -yap. 



■yap. 



Fold (for sheep) ^f§| yeung- 
laan, (to) "i^ chip\ (one) 
^ taan, (two or more) 
-^ p'ooi. 

Foliage, ^ ^ ip-raau . 

Follow, 5g |ig ^«n-ts'uung, 
1^ -^ ts'ui-hau'', 

Folly, ^^ ngong'-/it\ ;;^ 
^^ ngoi-8ze\ 

Foment, ^ y^ it-lum. 

Fond of, '^■^ t'mmff-oi'. 

Fondle,^ IS^Ii "-aai-y.., % 

^g y«o-'p'o. 

Food, ;^ iSfjl sh Ik-mat, ^ 
^ >A-8hik, ^ ^ Ve- 
shik. 

Fool, ^ ^ ngoi-yan, g 

Foolish, ^J0f^ "^f^'wu/i-tuun'. 
Foolishly, ^ "^inong. 
Foolhardy, ^ [|^ mo^-^him. 
Foot, j^ A;i««.'', J^ tsiiuk, 

(measure) /i^ f^'e/fe\ 
Footprint, ^p^p kenk^-yan^. 
Footstep, ^ ^ keuk'-tsik. 
Foot-stool, ^ ^ ^ A:eM^- 

taap-taw^\ 
Fop, ^^ ^ chong-hong. 



FOR 



103 



FOR 



For, (ADV.) g !/an, jg "^ 
j/fl«-wai, (PREr.) ^ toi , 

Forbear. |jf5 -^ shuuk-^shau, 

Forbearance, Jg, jljj ^i/an- 



noi 



Forbid, *| _[J[2 f'"^^-^'^^^- 
Force, J^ lik, ( to ) 

^k'eung, ^ ;n7f. 
Forced, ^ JS *^'"in-^k'eung. 
Forceps, g^§|]- riY'-»k'im,$lJ- 

^ •k'iin-'^/saj;. 
Ford, (to) ^ g^ po'-s/ay, 

Fore, fjij ta'in, 5t ^'"* 
Forearm, -^^ ^snau-^chaau. 
Forefinger, Zl^a i'-^c/^/, |p|J 

^ ;|^y tim-im-^chi. 
Forego, g|^ //^^-/ioi, JJ;~[; 

Forehead, ^ §§ n<zaak-t'au. 

Foreign goods, ^I^JSJ^ loi- 

^W-foh^, T^'ft yeung-/<?A\ 

Foreign nation, ^l>^ ngoi'- 



Foreigner, 4^[» |S A °°°^'" 

Aj^'oA^-yan, (European) |^ 
A yenng-yan, (the Chinese 
call foreigners) ^/s^/aan- 
yan, (with a little more 
respect) ^ ^ %-faan, 
(and in contempt) ^ ^ 
/oan- A;w'Oi. 

Foreknow, Jg:^^?!] ue'- 
sin-chi-to . 

Foreman, IM A t'an-yan, ^ 
J^^^a'- /s«w;?^,|^^ laam- 
•t'au. 

Forenoon, J^ ^ sheung'- 
chax?, Jl^ sheiing ng. 

Forerunner, ^j^ g| sin-tuey 
^ If sin-fuung. 

Foresee, ;^ ^ sin-kin\ Jp. 

taai"*- tso-chi-to^. 
Forest, :g);|y|; shue'-lum. 
Forethink, Jg-^f^ ue^-sm- 

'*o<7, Jgjj:-^ ue'-liu'. 
Forfeit, iSk^ 'taU'in. 
Forge, (a) ^^'H '^a-^j^- 

lo. 
Forge, [t.c. counterfeit], (to) 



<g 



r=t f 



ka-mo\ 



FOR 



104 



FOU 



m- 



Pok'- 



Forgery, g 

miag-ngai^-sAwe. 
T'orget, ^ |g moxig-\i\ pg 

%%r^ hi talc. 
Forgetful, ^^ ±^ i^^ ' 

Wung-swm, ^- =g '1^ 

""mo-Aj -si>?^\ 
Forgive, ^ ^ sAe'- rain. 
Fork, (a) j^ ^ chi-ch'a. 

Forked, Y 3C ^■^^'^• 
Forlorn, JQJ ^ Aoo-tuuk. 
Form, (shape) j^ t^ moo- 

5/n'A:, ^ shik, (bod)) 

ying> 1^ tseung'. 
Formality, mere, ]^ 

'lai. 
Formosa, 
Former, (time) :^ ;5t *^3°^' 

sin. 
Formerly, ^ "|J ts'imng- 

ts'iu, ^^ ^Ai-stn, ^I^ 

kau^-shi. 
Fornication, %U(% s^e-ts'ing, 

^ '^ iaw-hop. 
Forsake, ^ ^ wai-Ai', ^ 

^t"' WSS i^'afl«-li. 
Forsooth, ^ -^ chan-koh\ 
Fort, ifc'Q 5 ;?'aaM'-*t'oi. 



Awfi- 



}^ T'oi-M-aflrt. 



Forth, [fj c/i'MM^. 
Fortify, ^ ^ cAwMA;-8heng, 
^^^ rAwM/fe-ying- lui, 

Si® ft ^hi-p'aau'-*Vo\. 
Fortitude, ^. ^ A;i.>?- j^a^z, 

^ i|i> km-awn, ^S] gg 

Aw/.^-k'eung. 
Fortunate, "^ Ara^ {(? ^ 



/(0-meng . 



Fortunately, W^^t ho- ts^oi. 
Fortune, {g >ffc tso^/a\ ^ 



meng\ j|^ ] 
Fortune-teller, ^ -^ ^ 

swcn'-meng'^-yan. 
Forward, (go) Jt rJ ^^heung- 

ts'in, (bold) -j^^ ^ taai'- 
taam. 
Foster, i^ yeung. 
Foul, yi^"^ oo-7rai\ f^ ^ 

oo-iso, (wind) ^jU^ ngaak- 

fuung. 
Found, (metals) ^ cA2<«\ 

(establish) ^'^^twg-kiv^. 
Foundation, ^ ;l;jj^ ii- chi, 

^ A;», :^ ^P ts'eung- 

ktul^, (stones) ^ ^ 

ti -ngau-c/iww. 



FRA 



105 



FRI 



Fonndling, ^ #] Pft j7 

chup- to-ki- tsai. 
Fountain, ^ ^^ ta'uen-uen, 
J^ §1 uni-t'au, (artificial) 
^i^-^^^ p'uii - ihiii-'^king. ' 
Four, plj sze . j 

Four-square, \!^ 'j^ ^ aze - 

fong-ke . 
Fonrth. || ^ tai'-«2«', (a) 

^^ — • sze' -fun -pat 
Yovf], ^ kii, (generally) ^ 

,^ i'55?^A- niu. 
Fowling-piece, ^|^ ^ ^niu- 

Js'eung. 
Fox, JU p oo>li. 
Fractious, g^ ^ nau-nat. 
Fragment, ^ Jiiji aui-p'in. 
Fragrant, ^ ^ hing-heung. 

^'^^iJ' fit ^ '^s',a'-yeuk. i 
Frame, (a) ^ ka . | 

France, >g|| j^ Faat'-Jaan- \ 

c*^*' ^ H Faat'-kwok\ ' 
Frank, Jg ^ 'taan-i, g 

Q chik-paak. 
FrBQkincense, ^ ^ ^ue- 

Frantic, ^:}J /"//i-k'wong. 



Fraternity, jgg^J,^ *;/- 
i -hing-ta.\\ 

^"■a"*^' IS >^ ;''»n'-kouk. 
Froak, [11 ?J ^ ch'uut-k'i- 

^^^^ ' ^ 'fil .';c7;j-*yeung\ 
Freckled, ^ ^fi jjaan-'tim, 

paan- iim-ke . 
Free, g^ t. ze'-yan, g^ 

tsre^-'c/ii^^ ^;f^@ mo- 

¥u6- koon. 
Free school, ^ ^ i^ hok. 
Free, (to) J^ J^ /^n^'.?a/. 
Freely, |g -^ ts'ui-^pin', 

(gratuitously) ^Q paak- 

paak, (willingly) -g- ^vH^ 

||g 'laang-ngaang', ^ 

Freight, -^ jgj '.^.^ut-Areui'. 
Frequent, (to) '^Bf^ft 

shcung-shi-loi- wong. 
Frequently, j§^ lue -fa'g/, 

^jj^ fo/i -Cheung . 
Fresh, ^j^. san-sin, (crater) 
7:^ t-aam, taam . 

tsiu-tsik. 
f seung-moh. 



Fretful, ^ 
Friction, 



FRO 



106 



FRY 



Triday, fJ^lL '^^^-paat- 

Friend, JJQ ^ p'ang-pu, 
old friend, -^"^ lo yuu ; 
friends of the same age, 13 
^ ]^ t'uung nin yau ; 
friends in spite of disparity 

yau ; dinner friends, i.e. 
spongers, ^M ^ M M 
tsau yuk p'ang yau; school 
friends, ^^ ]^ sAw* yau : 
club friends, ^^ ui - yau. 
Friendly, ;ji0^ seung-'^ho. 
Frighten, ^ i\^ haaTc-p'a. 
Frightful, ^^ i\^ 'hoh-fa\ 
Fringe, ^^ •sue', |g ym^. 
Frisk, (to) ^l fi| ^ ^'m'. 

chuBn-shue . 
Frith, jg[ p hoh-'/^au. 
Fritters, (to make) DJ]^ ^ 

long fan. 
Frivolous, ^ ^ hmg-fan. 
Frog, ^jg *.;.^S.a, EBU 

t'in-A;ai. 
FroUc, ^^ hi'.'sha, ^^^ 
faan- tau. 



From, ^ yau, ;^ ts'uung, 
1^ tsze , (distant) ^ hut , 

Front, f]j| ^ ts'in-t'au, "jU 
^ t8'in-jt7m (pin ), (to) 
PJ [^ min -heung\ 
Frontier, ±g |^ ^kmg-kaai\ 

"ra" ^ Aewny wik. 
Frost, ^ 1^ seung-kong . 
Froth, ^ ^p'o. 
Frown, II ;S Ji IS ^sau'- 

maai-mi-t'au. 

Frugal, ^ '^ sA«a/7^-kim . 

Fruit, ^"^ ii^'oA- ^52^, 

^ iwoA-shat, ^ 

shaang kwoh ; preserved 

fruits, Ig ^ t'ong '^kwoh; 

seasonable fruits, l^^^ shi 

kwoh; fruit market ^ ;j^ 

kivoh laan. 

Fruitful, g@ fming-^hmg. 

Fruit-tree, ^ yf^ "^ArMroA- 

muuk. 
Frustrate, :^ ^ ;j'oA'-paai\ 

(goodj j^ ^ A;oo-foo'. 
Fry, j|i(i^ isin-^ch'aau, |§ 

ch'aau . 
Frying-pan, Ji^ wok. 



FUN 



107 



FUR 



JfcJb 



Fuel, m cli'aai, ^ ^ 

ch'aai- fob. 
Fulfil, igglt sbing-tsau', Jg 

Fulfilment, fg,^ ying'-im\ 
Full, j^ 'moon, ^ ying: 
full weight, '^ 2 ^^"* 
ch*uung. 

t8uun'-*ti\ ]^ Bhing. 
Fume, (rage) f^ naau\ ^ 

^f shaang hi . 
Fumigate, ^fan. 
Fan, 7J^ ^ waan-s??/ , )g[ 



/it - s^a. 



Function, (office,) ^ chik, 
(me) fQ j^ ynnug -ch'ud. 

Fund, !g! ^ Bbeung-*ngan, 
iSl jS sheung-hong . 

Fundamental,;|g2lii«w-j?oon. 

Funeral, ^^ suung -tsong , 

^a^' so?!/;-3ze\ 
Fungus, § ^ heung-suun , 

1^ ^k'wun, k'an, (on trees) 

-^ ]S muuk- i. 
Funnel, "j^ ^ lau'-^oo^', 

(chimney) i^jM in-t'uung. 



Fur-dress, ^ k'au, JJl ^^ 

p'i-i, (sable) 13^ j£^»«- 

s^?^?-p'i. 
Furbish, ^^ ts'aai -ku-ong, 

'^M^ 'sAflcrn^ A:?ro?i//, +g 

^ 'sArtan^ tsing , \^ f ^ 

'^shaang leng . 
Furious, ^ po', yi ^ 

huunq-\)0 . 
Furl, :^ i^ A;t^m-maai. 
Furlough, -(g ka\ (to ask) 

•S" IB ko-ka\ (to give) 

Furnace, '|g lo, ijct 's^ > (Port- 
able) ^ 'M fnung-*\o. ^ 

Furnish, j^ ^'w/'- ^^M P^ ' 
paan^^fS^<jik t^'ai- 
pi -ka-foh. 

Furniture, .^ ^ ka-'foh, 
^^ ka sze. 

Furniture shop, ^^^ *^^ 

Furrow, ^ ^S ^^^'^^^ B 

jj!^ t'in-fcaw. 
Further, Jj Jg ftaV-'uen, 

M '5^ tsot-tsuun . 
Furthermore, jfq ^ i- <'^'''- 
Fury, ^, a no'-k'wong. 



GAL 



108 



GAM 



Fuse, 'j^ ^ sliiu-yunug. 
Fussy, -J^. ^ fau-^a'o\ 
Fusty, ^ ^ j^ suuk-suuk- 

•ti , yt^. 
Futile, ^ ^ hue-t'o. 
Future, iff 5^ /seMn^-loi, ^ 

loi, :^ bau . 



Gabble, ^ pg lo-ts'o. 
Gable, ^ ^ kiim-kai , 

^- ts'eung-Aat . 
Gad about, ^ JE ^^*^' 

k^u-aang . 
Gad-fly, <^ ^^ ngau-mong. 

Gage, (a) 2M Rlj chuun-tsak. 
Gaiety, ^ ^ faan-wa. 
Gain, ^Ij l\\ ^ ^, li^5,^, 

(to) ii. chaan', g yeng, 

^p wok. 
Gait, :|^ ^ kue-innug , 
Galangal, g^ leung-A;eun^. 
Gale, -^ ^ taai -fuung. 
Gall, J^ Vaawj, ^V'-j^ ^(itflm- 

cJmp. 



Gall-nut, jB: ^ ■?• ^'ng- 
p'ooi- tsze^ ^ ^* moot- 
shek. 
Gallant, (heroic) ^i^ ying- 
huung. 
; Gallery, j|| ^ lau-t'oi, fg 
I •lau. 
Gallipot, ^^ bom -^chuung. 
Gallon, (a) — SI' yat- tau. 
Gallop, ^ p'aau. 
Gallows, ^^ ^ ai~*ka. 
Gambier, ^ ''l/^ shue-Ieung. 
Gamble, ^ ^ '^o-'ts'in. 
Gambler, ^' it^ to-kwun , 



/'If:* 



c. c 



1^ fn kivai; (woman) 



Gambling-bouse, ^ 

faan-Vaan- koon. 

Gamboge, |^^ t'ang-wong. 

Gambol, g ^ g^ ts'ui- 

Game, (a) f^^ ;7oA; -kuuk, 

1^ ;;o^'-A»', (to play) 

^ ^^ - sAa, (make, of) 

^ ^ moo-luung . 

Game, (meat) ^ [^ ye- 

•mi . 



GAR 



109 



GAS 



<5ammon, (l]g J*g- Vs«t-waat, 

(to) ^ turn. 
Cammon, (ham) ;^5S 'f'^^' 

Gander, ^% /g. n^oh-kuung. 
Gang, |5^ tni'. 
Cangrene, ^ JE y""^" *^^- 
Gaol, J^ J^ kaam-fowg.— 

Superintendent of, ^ :^ 

1^ s-e-ynuk-koon. 
Gaol bird, §^'S krmm tun. 
Gaoler, ^ ^ 52e-yuuk, ^ 

•^ Icurn^- tsze,^'^ hohn- 



flifla^Ji , 



Gap, \\\ [H shaan- hau, — 
^ pj yat-koh - hau. 

Gape, g ;^ -O P maa^'- 
taai -AoA - hau, (and stare) 
^ P ^ g^ maak - hau- 



ting - ngaan. 



Garble, ^S^ kong- me, ^ 
;^^^ foon -tun-poon - 



Po. 



Garden, RB uen. •uen. 
Gardener, ^ "J" aen-ting, 
^ 3^ fa wong. 



Gardenia florida, g lif^ :Jg 

])aak-8him-/rt, ^^I^S ^^oog- 
rhi. 
Gargle, ^^ pj saw - hau^ 

Garland, ^ ^ fa-koon. 
Garlic, |g -^ ts'ing-*suen , 

-^;p taai'-*«z^en', ^|| 

.swen -t*au. 
Garment, :^ ^ i-fuuk, >^ 

^^ i-sheung. 
Garoupa, ^ ^ shek-^j^aaw. 

Garret, gfi # Tf Wl «'»>'- 
f«#A'-^/t>i^-lan, (i^ff *lau- 
tsai, ^ /r(?A - tsai. 

Garrison, ^ ping, ^ ^ 
t^\iQn-ping. 

Garrotte, :}f JllJ^g* 'fa keuk' 
kwut. 

Garrulous, JJf^^cli'um-chui . 

Garter, ^^ ^ xndX-taai . 
Gas, (coal-) ^^ ^ mooi-/a . 
Gas-light, ij^Jj i)^ niooi-<2m^. 
Gash, ^ pj sheung- hau. 
Gasp, p^ ^ chhi9n-hi , 
jS ch'au-hi . 



GEM 



no 



GEN 



Gate, f^ moon, (with bars) 
^ P^ chaap-moon, (roll- 
ing) ^^ 'tsau-*\uung. 

Gate-keeper, ^P^^ hohn- 
moon-Jiuung. 

Gather, ^J|| ;5i7c-maai, jj^ 
:fe^ sAaw-Bhup, ^:^ tsue 
maai. 

Gaudj, ^\:^ p'aai-ch'eung. 

Gauze, ^ sha, ;^|$ ki-aha, 
^ ^ leung'-sAa. 

Gay, ^^ cA'«-wa, (person) 
^^^^ Ao -cA*e-WB. 

^'-aze, Ijg ^ BR '^at-ting'- 
Van, (at)^^ggg^>^ 
ting - ngaan- ^'ai-chue . 

Gazelle, ^^ ling-yeung. 

Gazette, j^ ^ Vuung-po - 
(Peking-) ;gr ^ A7n^.;?o' 
^;^ King-ch'aau. 

Gecko, ^4^ kop-*kaai\ '^ 
^ilfe lui-^uun^-*she. 
7ra«M. 



Gelatine, ^ 

Geld, ^ »>«, Hi] ^ AJoAf - 

Gem, ^ *7uuk, ^ ^ po- 
shek. 



Gender, (to) ^ »hang. 
Genealogy, j^f§ tsuuk-^^'c?, 

•(^^ sW-hai . 
General, ^^ ^ '^tsumg- 



kuung , ^ Pining. 
General, (a) ^ ^ ^s«m?i^- 

kwun. 
General merchant, ^:^[ifT 

Pj^ naam pak hong A;e . 
Generally, ^ J\^ taai -faan- 

^ ^^ taai'-V^wA;', ^ 

Generate, (aa animals) ^^ 
ch'uen- chuung, (produce) 
^b shang. 

Generation, |[|; f^ s/zai'-toi . 

Generous, '[^f^ ^k'ong-k'oi\ 
^^ taai'-leung', 0'/@ 

Genial, J^^fO ^^^'^-woh. 
Genii, jjilpf[lj Bhan-«»n. 
Genius, ^/j" ?/m^-ts'oi. 
Genteel, ^ ^ sz«-mun. 
Gentian, ^ ^ wong-lin. 
Gentle, Jg^ ?Mn-yau. 



GER 



111 



GIL 



Gentleman, (in character) ;§* 
^ ku'un-'^tsze, (a teacher) 
^^ sin-shaani, ^ gjjj 
'lo-sr^, (an old) ;^|g 'lo- 
ye, (young) j^^ semg - 
kuung. 

Gentlemen: ^]^ \ii-kuung. 

Gently, (lightly) ® ® ife 
h.mg-heng-*{\ , (slowly) 
i^^ maan -maan -•ti . 
Gentry, ^,|jlg* shan-k'um, 

"^ shan-sze . 
Genuine, ^ ch'an. 
Geography, \^^ ti'-'li. 
Geomancy,^^/"^«w^- shui. 
Geometry, ^^ Ai'-hoh, ^ 

^J chung -lung. 
Geranium, §^ ]ieung-\^. 
Germ, ^ nga, (seed) -^ 

yan, ngan. 
German-silver, Q ^ paak- 

t'uung. 
Germany, [[fc ® @ r'««»'' 

Tak-kwok, 
Germinate, gj ^ /oa« -nga, 
iMlH'^ ;paau -mituk. 



Get, ^ 5] tak-%, |gfj 

Ghost, f^ Vfl., fJ^^Jl, 
Iti^ 'ni kin kwai me? 
Have you been scared by a 
ghost? i.e., Why are you 

80 scared ? ^ jU Pfl i^ 
shaang kivai kom Jaan, 
As playful as an imp. 

Giant, j$ ^fc ^ '«'«»- 
cheuDg^-/(30,^^ ch'eung- 

yan. 
Giblets, ^ )5g p'o-cA'i'. 
Giddy, ^ ^ t'au-wan" 

(^waw;, (light) '^tS «'»■«- 

Gift, (a) 5^ ^ suung-^pi, 
suung^-^pi-ke ^^^uirng - 
lai, (from a superior) 
ts'ZB : hence ^'^^ 
T'm Ajcjo?? ts^ze fuuk. May 
God bestow hie blessing (on 
this house). 

Giggle, ^j$ij$ siu-hi-hi. 

Gild, (to) ^ ^ to'-Awm, 
^ ^ ch^i-kum. 

Gills, gi 501. 



GIR 



112 



GLA 



Gilt ornaments, ^^ "j^ 



to shau shik. 



shau-tsuen . 



Gimlet, ^ ^ 

Gin, (enare) ^ ^ husn-Vo , 

Ginger, ^ keung, (preBerved) 

)|g ^ t%ng- Tceung, (stem) 

•^ ^ tsze-Jceung, (raw) 

Z|r ^- shaang keung: -^ 

to drink ginger wine to 
celebrate the birth of an 



Girl, ^ U "^nue-^foatV 

ggTJS:^ .hit' V^''^/^^', 
(servant) ^ ff moot- <«ai. 

Girth, gi ^ 't'o-» W. 

Give, :0 ^pi, (present) 5 



heir: hence, j^^ chuung 
keung, to plant ginger, i.e. 
make preparations for the 
birth of an heir: ^^ ^ 
pS-^'P hoi keung m ta'ang? 
Have you any children? 

hung ra laat, native ginger 

is insipid, i.e., foreign 

things are best. 
Ginseng, ^ ^ yan-sAwm. 
Gipsies, (Chinese) ~j{[jj>^ 

^^ saam-koo-XxmV-'^'-dk. 
Gird, (to) ^/^cA'uw^-chue , 

^M "fi A"flo-chue . 
Girdle, §g ;^ t?(-«W, K 
/bo -t'au-*toflt . 



J c . 
suung - p%. 

Gizzard, ^ shan, (skin of 
ttie) Bl Ifg p'i-c'A». 

Glad, ^1^ foon-'^hi, 1§|UJ 
Ai /oo?K 

Glance, (to) ^ ^sAtm, (at) 
^ — .^ ^t'ai-yat-^ha — • 
B^ yat-^t'ai. 

Glands, ^^^;2® ^*^^^"' 
yik-cAi-wat. 

Glare, 3fe ffi /;ji'on^-*^mang. 

Glaring, 0^ ^ ming-ming. 

Glass, Jj^ J|| i'oA-Zt, (a 

tumbler) g^ jg |^, i^<?A-Zi- 

jt'OOt. 

Glass-grinding, ^ ;^^ c/i'«- 

•liu\ 
Glass-melting, 'jf^ ^^f sAjw- 

*lia\ 
Glauber-salts, ^^^ uen- 

ming- /wn. 



GLU 



118 



GOA 



Glazed, -^fc '^ kwong-vf^a^t, 

^ J|3 :3fc poh-li-kivong, 

(glass put in) ^ ^ J,^ 

seung-poh-li. 
Glib,7pJpii^-^Afl2/, (slippery) 

j*^ waat. 
Glide, 3fc lau, {g ^ maan'- 

lau. 
Glimmer, ^ jfc ^ ^i- 

ktvong- shim. 
Glitter, ^ 7^ /aaf -Tcivongy 

(show) 3fe ^ ku'ong--^A. 
Globe, ^ k'au, (the) jft g|^ 

ti -k'au. 
Gloomy, 5^ ^ foox -hx, 

(weather) 3t ^ Bg <'tn- 

shik-om , ^^ ^^ 00-wan. 
Glorify, ^ ^ ^w'at-wing. 
Glory, ^ wing, ^^ wing- 

Glossy, ^ 1^ ^shim-leng\ 
Gloves, .^ ;g ^shau-lup. 
Glow-worm, JJt 3fc S /""/- 
A:i<:'Ort^-*ch'uung. 
P Glue, 4^ Jj^ ngau-p'i- 



Glutton, ~)^^^ taai^-shik- 

wong, (vuLc;.) ;^ ^ Jg. 

taai -shik- ^/f;a». 
Gluttonous, ^ Pj^ f'aam- 

yaai', :^|^;^a^ t'aam 
yum taam yaak . 
Gnash, (the teeth) pg ^ 

*^ngaau-nga, -^ "^ fc't^ - 

\h'i. 
Gnat, 1^1^ ^ mong-ch'uung, 

Gnaw, ^ nget, 0g| /wwn. 

Go, -^ Aw/, ;^ Vong. ^ 
hang, (be off) :y: 'ch% 
^ =^ faan hue, to go 
back: :|^-gg^ % b' 
Am? , to go by land ; ^^ 
^^ ta shut lo hue\ to 
go by water; g ^ ^ 
ifaa/> shuen Awe , to go by 
ship: [fj ^ fA'2/w/; Aue^ 
^'' Hi ^ fA'z/w^f Jcaai, to 
to go out. 

Goal, 2p ^M cAwwn-t'au, 
Goat, |Jj ^ sAaaw-*yeung, 

:^^ Vo-»yenng,^l^ 

yeung-nif. 



GON 



114 



GOU 



Gobble, ^ tun, ^ g ^ 
luet-sheng-fun, ts'uun. 

Go-between, p|[l ^ chuung- 
•yan, j^ mooi, (female) 
^fc ^ >nooi-*p*oh. 

Goblet, ^ "oo, ^ chiiung. 

GOD, _t 'S* SHEUNG'- 
r.4/', (the gods) ^ Jt 
»^ cA?<«-sbeung -te» , ^ 
jp| 'kwai-Bh&u, ^ 'g' 

Godown, '^ ^ foh^-ts'ong. 
Goitre, ;^ ^ Jg taai'-'^m^- 

Gold, ^ ^ww, @^ wong- 
kum, ^ ^ frt'^i? ^2^'w, to 
disinter a body; ^^li| 
sun hum shaan, Australia; 

'f^^lU ^^^^ ^''^"* shaan, 

California. 
Gold-leaf, ^ J^ A;?m-pok. 
Gone, -^ f /iwe'-'liQ, Aws'- 

AiM, ^ US' 'mo-Zo/c', g^ 

db /i'u hue . 
Gon^, g| '^loh, (a) — ® 

^ ya^min -•loh. 
Gonorrhea, Q f§ paak- 

cbuuk. 



Good, y^ ho, ^ shin . 
Good-bye, (to the remaining) 

1^ Y '»tsoh'-a, (to the 

going) ^^ ^Ao-haang. 
Goose, 1^ ^^ ^5'o-*ngoh, 

(wild) j^}|,| ;)gaan'-*ngoh. 
Gore, (to) ^g -^ c^'mm^- 

aheung, j^ rh'-aau. 
Gorgeous, ^ ^& winjf-wa. 
Gormandize, -^^jfc® shik- 



taai -Tcwoh . 



Gospel, Jlfg ^ fuuk-yum. 
Gossamer, [^ i^ J^ '/s'o- 

cAwe-Snono;, :i2J^% yau-s2tf. 
Gossip, U^ ^ tuvan-t'aam, 

^^|£ slu^A, (to) MS. 

;[j£ -|!^ nnm-fuung-chuuJc- 

^ying, (a) ^ ^ hong'- 

vob,^ ^ % iji i^ 

kuung ni t'aam t'aam, to 
have a chat with you. 

Gouge, (a) ^ ^ Zum-tsok. 

Gouge (to), ^ tsok, J^ 

Gourd, ^ JH p'aau-^-;m, 
^ S 00-* loo, (snake-) 
^ JOJ, s~« ^'^«- 



GRA 



115 



GRA 



Oout, )ilpJS[ keuk^-fvtiug, 
JU^ jltP ''tstm-fuunri lcnik\ 
M &l & keuk'-fuung 
ching, fg ]^ ^ V.sY/w- 
fuung chiiig . 

Govern, ^j|| 'A-oon-'li, '/jg 
chi . 

Government, ^ ^ A;?r{>^ - 
A;a, ^ ^ wong-A:a, ^ 
j|j^ kwok-chiiig , ^'^ clii', 
— Offices 'g^,^^ ^j/i/A:- 
hin - shue. 

Governor General, ^ ^ 
tuuk-hiii , 5^ ^^0 tsuung- 
tuuk, ^l-^ r.'/ai -t'oi, (the 
Supreme) ^^ (7/n/e- ^soi. 

Gown, ;^^ ch'eung-s^cra^n, 



/."!*2e - ^an^. 



» ^ 



*p'o. 



Grace, (mercy) ^©.fil^ya??- /in. 
Graceful, ftf(3^ S2f-mun, 



nga. 



Gracious, JS yan. 

Grackle, jT -^ liu-koh, ^^ 
J*h"T ^ j!7oo/i ti liu kohy 
a common native bird much 
like a starling, and like the 
latter, capable of being 
taught to talk. 



Gradation, ^t 

Grade, )^^ huk'-shik. 

Gradually, i||f jflj tsim'-^tsim*, 
Jlf 3^ tsim'-/sW. 

Graduate, (of 1st deg.) ^/f* 
sau^ -Hs'oi, (of 2nd) ^ A 
Awe-yan, (of 8rd) ^i^^t 
tsi(im^-8ze\ (of 4th) ^ivjc 
hobn'-lum, (to) ^ Jif /fl-n^- 
M, (l8t) y\ ^. yup-hok, 
(2nd) |g ;ff^ p^aan-hivat. 

Graft, (to) HlJ /.s'/;/i, (to slip) 

Grain, ^ /:^/«7<:, (a) ^ ?n^ji;, 

(of wood) ^ mun. 
Grammar, f^ _pj|^ j^ tsolo- 

vtwm-faat'. 
Grampus, feS^ ^ k'ing-ue. 
Granary, ^ -;;^ kuuk-ts'ong. 
Grand, g ^ ^o-taai\ ^ 

^*^i'' M M "Rai-ngai. 
Grand-father, j|§.;^ Vso-foo', 
<^ Jfr kuung-ye, gg ^ 
a^ -killing, ^ f^ ling-*^/5<7, 
(mother) j^ -S: /so- mo, 
3g ^ a'-p*oh, (child) 
stwi, sttm. 



GRA 



116 



GRE 



Granite, ^ ^ tsH7ig-Bhek, 
^ M\\ W fa-Jcotig-ts'e)iff, 
(^ ^ paak-shek. 

Grant, ^^ ^ A?<«- c-^z^wn. 

Grapes, ^ ^^ "f" p'o-t'ai- 

Graphic, Jl^^^ttl ying- 

j\xnng-iak-c/i'uut. 
Grasp, ^ c/ifl, ^ ^ cAa 

Grass, ^ /s'o. 
Grass-cloth, ^ ^ ma-i^?(/ , 

g ^ ha'-;;o\ 
Grass-hopper, ^f£ il^ cha^- 



Wng, [^^ Vs'o-'^mang:. 
Grass-hopper catcher, jj^ ^ 
f^ cAw/.; maang lo. 

Grate, (a) iJ jfc M ^'»^'- 
>A-lo, (to) =gg ^i/;aaf\ ^ 
^s'aa/', ^J :y? kwaaf-sha. 

Grateful, ^ ^ 'kom-yan. 

Grater, ^ moh\ *moh\ 
Gratified, i^ f;^ /aai'-uet. 
Gratify, f;^ net. 
Grating, (noise) ^ij ^ij ^ 

kivit-kit'it-sheng, (an iron) 

^ }g /'if -'ch'ue. 



Gratis, Q |^ paak-paak. 
Gratitude, ^ /|^ kom-sum. 
Gratuity of money, ^ ^ 

tsang'-^ngan . 
Grave, (a) i^ ^ fun-moo^, 

^^ ^a ch' uung -moo' . 
Grave, (sedate) ^i:^ chong- 

^i^ff^, ^ ^ im-suuk, 

(heavy) ^ ch'uung. 
Gravestone, ^^li^ moo^-;?t. 
Graveclothea, ^ !^ 8hau'-i, 
Gravel, ^^ sAa, ^^^ sha- 

shek, (a disease) ^^ ^^ 

«Aa-lum. 
Graving-tool, ^l] ^ tsaam^- 

Gravitation, i^'IH^'^ seung- 

k^ujy-lik. 
Gravy, ^ tseung^, 'J'-l- cAwjt?. 
Gray, ^ ^ hohf-shiJc, ^ 

^ fooi-shik, (hair j ^ ^ 

paak-/fla^\ 
Grease. ^ y^ io-yau, 

Grea8y,gEj(^fi-ni^yft/iC 

yau-ni . 
Great, ^ taai , ^ ^ Ao 

toh or -^ ^, taai ioh, a 

great many. 



GUI 



117 



GRO 



Grpat-gnind-father, 

tsang- tso, (-son) ^ .swp« 



Greedy, ^ t^ Paam-sum, 
^ ^;j' t-aam ts'oi, (of food) 

Greek, ^ ^ij ^ ZTi-li-ni. 
Green, ^ ^ luuk-s^/A;, ^ 

11^ ts'ing-Xuvk. 
Greeuhorn, "^7^^ 'm« 

yup-s/ifli . 
Greens, ^ ^ tsHng-ts^oi , 

ftt ^ V'lh-ts'oi. 
Greet, P^^ {^ mun -hau . 
Gridiron, ^ ^ ^t^'-»p'a. 
Grief, ^ |?ii^ yaw-moon . 
Grievance, ^ ^ tvai-huuk. 
Grievous, (heavy) ^ ch'uung, 

(lamentable) OT ^ AoA- 

sheung sum. 
Grievously, ^ ^ kaau- 

kivaan. 
Griffin, or unicorn, 

k'i-*luun. 
Grill, lk4^ 'ch'aau. 



Grimace, -^ ^ mg-min . 

Grin, l^M^^^ '^^'- 
At-ch'oug-nga. 
9 



Grind, ^ moh. 

Grinding, (noise) US' ^^S" ^ 

ngum^-ngum^-.<;^e7i^. 
Grindstone, ^ ^ ^ moh- 

^o-shek. 
Gripei, j^ i/^ nau-tuung^. 
Gristle, gjg *g* is'ui'-kwut. 
Grits, ^ ^ mak-t'au, ^ 

^5f mak-swt . 
Gritty, ^ 'JJ? iaaP-sha. 
Groan, |^ ^ t'aan'-hi^ DJ 

0^ ]S 'ng-ng-sheng, 5g 

^M ^ ngang-ngang-sAen^. 
Grocery, (a) ^^^^ tsaap- 

foK'- p^o. 
Groin, ff ^ i?t-cAtp\ 
Groom, ,^ ^ 'ma-/o^. 
Groove, (a) — '^ ^ yat- 

t'in-haang, (to) y\ ^P 

yup- lau. 
Grope, ^gg moh-t^aam\ :^ 

Gross, ^ f**o, (large) ^ 

-^ <*so-taai\ 
Grotesque, "jj^'f^ ^koo-kwaat*. 
Ground, |fli ti', ± Vo. 
Ground floor, ;^~P ^^^^ ^* - 



GRU 



118 



GUE 



Cround-iint, (Arachis hypogea) 
t^^ fa-shang, |^;[fCifE 
Zfl haam s?iui fa shang 
the best kind of ground 
nut, ^ Jg ti'-*tau\ 

Groundless, ^^g^:^ mo- 
kan-mo-^poon, ^ ^kit mo 
koo . 

Grounds, (dregs) 1^*^ cha- 
fsze, ^ ^ nio cha, 
there's no refuse left. 

Group, f5|^ tui , i^ hd, (to) 
fSL 1^ Bhing-tui'. 

Grove' ling, "|^ -1^ ha -isok , 

Grow, ;^^^ shaang- cheiing, 
^^ ^^ c^fu/?y-taai', ^b 
shanng. 

Growl, ^^^^ oo-oo-sheng. 

Grub,lf^J§ts'ai-t8'o, ^ 



ti^- ;'^i-ch*uung. 



Grudge, -^>|§ luun^-si^, (a) 

Gruel, ^ chunk. 
Gruff, T^g^ ;g ^'s«-'lo. 
Grumble, 0^ i^ ngum-ch'um. 
Grunt, P§ ^ ^ nguet- 
nguet-sheng. 



Guano, ^j^ ^^ niu-/M?i\ 

Guarantee, (to) '^ paau, /^ 
^ ^ i'aaw yung' tak, 
guaranteed to last. 

Guard, ^ shau, |^^ oo'- 
wai\ (against) K^ fong. 

Guard-bcat, ^ jl^ ts'uun 
•shuen. 

Guardian, ^^ ^ yeung- 
<;Awe, i^ J^ ^ A:o<?n li 
yan. 

Guava, ^ ^ :|^ /aan-shek- 
•lau. 

Gudgeon, Q f,% ^ paak- 
kop'-^ne. 

Guess, ^ c//'a(7t, ^ ^ 
shi'-ch'aai, ^ ^ ch'aai- 
tok, haai\ ^|| ;J^ cA'aat 
mooi or ^tg,^ cA'aa* ma, 
to pledge in cups by 
guessing at fingers held up; 
^|q g^ ch^aai ngaanty 
guessed right; ^ I@ Pjl 
ch^aai 'm rhinrng , guessed 
wrong; ^ — • ^ cA'aa* 
ya^ ch^aai, have a guess 
(a "shot"). 

Guest, ^ ^^ ja.n'haaJc^ . 



GUM 



119 



GUT 



001 



Guide, ^\ ^ San-h/ 

Guild, ^ hong, -^ 

^koon, tea-guild ^ ^ 
ch'a hong, silk guild ^ 
i^ sze hong. 

Guile, 1^^ ^kwai-ktvut, =|g; 

#4* ^kwai-kai\ 
Guilt, 1^ 5 tsui^yfcoo. 
Guilty, :^ p^ Vau tsui'. 
^^•lise, ^ maau^ ^ ;^ 

chong-pamv' . 
Guitar, ^ ^ p'i-*p'a. 
Gulf, -f^ j*^'^ taai'-?/;«a«, (an 

abyss) '^ '^|j sAwm-uen. 
Gull, (a)||aw(to)^,|| 

hi-pHn\ ^^ Ai-luung\ 

Gullet, Rgilgm-hau,!!^^! 
hau-luuiig. 

^"^Ij' J^ ^ haang-^hom. 
Gulp, |i|[j -^ ngaang^-<'«n, 

^ Pg ^ ^ ^'?<n m lok 
kmg, can't gulp it down. 
Gum, i^J ^ &hue^-kaat(. 
Gum-benjamin, ^ J^ § 

ohn-sik-hcung. 



Gums, 3^ gg f^ nga-/fean- 
y""k '^" gg P^ V//'» kan 
(or ng.in)yuLik; gum-lancet, 

^ P^ 77 "ga yu"k ^0. 
CJun, (fowling-piece) ^|^ ^^ 
wxa-ts'eung, (cannon) ^ 
p^aaii'. 

Gun-boat, J^ jjgf P'^«"^ 

Bhnen. 
Gun-cap, |[^] ([jj -^ t'uung- 



mo'- Uze. 



Gun-powder, ^^ y^/i-yeuk. 



Gun-powder-tea, /J> 3^ ^ 

Gush, p^ }'^ /?'u«'-yat. 

Gust, [ifJJI^ chan^ -fuimg, p 
gj^ 'hau-fuung, ^jlfjH^ 
s^i W2 -shaan -fuung. 

Gut, jg^ ch'eung, ;^ Jg^ 
taai ch'eung, the lower 
intestine and colon; 4^^^ 
Jl^ 5«( luen ch'eung, to 
split one's sides with 
laughter. 

Gutta-percha, -SJI Mt ^ 
ngaang'-shne'-ztaaw. 

Gutter, ^ ^ kan-k'xxQ. 



HAG 



120 



HAL 



Gymnastics, :^ fll ^ ^«- 
Vfl-Bbat, ^ X ^ lin'- 
kuung-foo. 

Gypsum, ^^ ^ Bhek-ko. 

H 

Ha! |l[| 'Aat/ 

Habit, 'g ^ hvaan'-\ai\ 
(in the) 'fj; ^ kwaati'- 
tsaap, 'gif 1^ tso'-^zman\ 



•'W §% i^u:cuai Bliuk; 

' '■§■ ^^0 kicaaii, addicted to 

gambling; ^ jg Aue' 

kwaan, accustomed to go; 

pS. <|<^ m kivaan , not 

used to. 
Habitable, ^ f^ chue'-to^, 

cbue'-to^-A«\ 
Hack, (to) Iff /eM^\ -gj 

Haddock, g J wong-»waak. 
Hades, [I^ P^ yum-kaan, [J^ 

^ yum-'foo. 
Haft, ;j^ jnV, ^en^^ 
Haggaid, i^:^ sAaw'-waai^ 
'^<;/i'«u-*yeung . 



Haggle, ^q tsat-W, ^ 

Hail, ::g pok, (a fall of) 
^ lok-pok. 

Hail, (to) 5g 5S »4 '''®^- 

^en-kiu", j^ chiic. 
Hair, ^ mo, (of the head) 

]g ^ t'au-/a«^'. 
Hair-breadth, — • §J ya^ho, 

^^ «2e-ho,(-e83ape) fig 

0g t^ ^ ngaam-ngaam- 

tak-lut. 
Hair-cloth, ^ ^ mo-^o . 
Hair-gum, (used by women) 

Hair-pin,^|g$f W-*t'au- 
cAwm, (clasp) ^ ^s«fl»i. 

Halberd, ^ ^ '/bo-uet. 

Hale, (to) :j^ laai, |g ^'oA, 
:tu|S ^^'^" Is^^va, to track 
a boat;;gj;^^ t'oh laai 
^ shall, to lead by the hand; 

arrest a man; j^ ^ Q^ 
?afi» hvoJi^ ti, move it along 
a little. 
Hale, (healtliy) ^i^ chong- 
kin . 



HAM 



121 



HAN 



Half, ^ T'oon, Jg ^ 
kwoh poon , ^ ^ /o// 
j500« , and -js^ ^ taai 
poon^, more iluin lialf, t> ., tlie 
greater half; ^^^^fj^— ^ 
taai ni y«^ |7oo;i , half as 
old apaiii as you; ^fe. ^ 
4^- ffl ;'oo/i yan poo)i 
kwai, half dead; =^ -^ 
^^^ poon po naan hang, 
cannot walk half a step. 

Halibut, »)§ ^ ^ Umng- 
kwun-lcaap . 

Hall, ;^ Peng, 
^ Icoon. 

Halo, ^ hunng\ 

Halt, (to) ^^ l'\ng-keuk\ 
(limp) gt^ kat-ztew/c', 
5t St 3=tll fl kat kat ti' 
keuk , to lirap or hobble 
about. 

Halter, jI^^^BM ma-lnung- 
t'au,' (noose) ^^\^^ 'lo- 
shue-Ut\ ^ ^ shaang- 
lii. 

Ham, j/^ n]| 'foh-'t'ui. 

Hamlet, jj^ ts'uen. 



^ t'ong, 



wan 



Hammer, ^^ ^-j^ tHt -•ch'ui, 
(to) :g| chnii, ^ ^ta, ^ 



Hammock, iVj >{>|^ ^'w -ch'ong. 

Hamper, (a) ^ luung, g. 

lau, (to) ^ ^ pik-chaak^y 

^^J^ ch^t-' shau-keuk\ 
Hand, -^ sAr/t^. 
Hand-bill, :fg l(l^ chm-Hp\ 

|ir ^3 kaai-chiu. 
Hand-cuffs, -^f^ sAai^liu. 
Handful, (a) — • jj^ yat-cha. 
Handicraft, -^ j^ s/irt«- 

^so/£^, ^^$ .s/ifl?/-ngai\ 
Hand-kerchief, -^(IJ 67Aa2<- 

kan, Y'-prfj hohn^-^'fln. 
Hand-writing, ^ ^^ J9a^ 

Handle, (to) ^ tau\ jg 

Handle, (a) ^fj^ t'iu-jow/. 
Handmaid, ^^ p'i- 
Handsome, ^"^^ tsing-chi\ 
Handy, ijjj; -^ Vat- 5/iflw, 
(convenient) •^ 'j^ piu^- 



HAR 



122 



HAR 



Hang, ^ tiu\ ^ ^ uen 
rf) ® tiu 'la, ^ 



/civa - hi, 



tiu haajc , the ghost of 



a suicide ; 
c. 



1^ M ^"^ 

't-uung, a well-bucket, 
(down the head) ^g^tftSB 
iap-tai-^f-axL, (by the neck) 

Hauger-ou, ^fllpiji wong- 

kenk -kai. 
Hanker after, ^ t'aam, ^ 

luen . 
Happen, )^^ ue -Van, ^ 

^ ue -cheuk. 
Happily, ^ hang', ^ 



ho- Is'oi. 
Happiness, jjjg fmih, ^ )| 
^P^ i^g/uuk lam moon. 
May the five happinesses 
enter the door. 
Happy, ^ j^ \&u-fuuk. 
Harass, |^ ^ naan-wai. 
Harbour, (a) ^ pj A-o;i^- 
AflM, (to) ^ a^ ^i'oA- 



ts'ong, |g ^ y^n-ts'ong. 
Harbour Master, /Jft 5? g 
Bhuen-cAiVz^ -Veng. 



^ A;aflrt-naan, 
1^^ ehaang-tiy 
la^ /tan. 
k'eung-kin . 



Hard, ^ 5P ^m-ngaang , 
?||S ngaang^, (difficult) |^ 
naan, (hearted) :^^/\^ yan- 
sww, ^1^ pj ngaaug hau, 
obstinate, foul-mouthed; $|^ 
W -^ ngaaug Ao shik, 
really good to eat. 

Harden, ^ ^p ching- 
ngaang'. 

Hardship, 

Hardly, 
^^ naan, 

Hardy, 

Hare, ^ ^ Ve-^'^'- 

Harelip, ^ pj ;?an^- /^om, 
35iiii^^ a pang clique 
tek, a haiclip playing a fife, 
i.e., sheer waste of breath. 

Harlot, y^ i^ ch'eung-ki . 

Harm, ^ hoi , Y^ sheung. 

Harmony, tJ^Q woh. 

Harness, §§^ hi -kue , (to 
a horse) §^ ^ p^ooi -cht . 

Harp, ^ chang. 

Harpoon, ^^ jom. 

Harrow, ^^p'a,^^lai-p*a. 

Harsh, ^ kwut, [)|^ haai, 



HAT 



123 



HEA 



Hart, J^ ^ hmk-knunff. 
Harts-horn, J^ ^ luuk- 

yuung. 
Harvest, i|i#jil$^ shau- 

ko/if* -shi-h&n, ^i\^ ts'au- 

shau, |[^ ^ shau-tWmg. 
Hash. ^ j^ ^'haam-sheuny, 

•gj ^^ /r/Alaan'. 
Hasp, '^'look) ^ »^flM, (for a 

padlock) §*^!i5 ^'o/;-p'aai. 
Haste, ^ -^ kup'ts'it . 
Hasten, ^ '^^^ kohn-faat . 
Hasty, ^ knp. 
Hat, rpg *mo , (put on) S> 

r|ig to at -*mo\ 
Hatch, (a) j^ P^ fe'on^-moon, 

(to) ^ po\ (artificially) 

i^ pooi'. 
Hatch-way, ^ P ts'ong- 

haii. 
Hatchet, :^ ^ /bo-*t'au. 
Hate, fg ^ han^no\ f^^ 

k-ue, I perfectly detest him. 
Hateful, pf ^^ 'A(?A-oo\ "PT 
^o/< tsnng. 



Hausfhty, -^ ^ taai^Aony, 

Haul, :^[; c^'e. 

Have, ?^ yau. 

Havoc, ^ ^ ts'aan-hoi . 

Hawk, f^ yintf. 

Hawker, |^ ^ faan - tsaiy 

/h ^ .s'^'«-*faan . 
Hawthorn, >^ chi. 
Hazard, ^ jf^ ngai- Atm, 

(to) ^ 'ko)/i, U mo , ^ 

p^oon, ^ j^ mo - liim. 
Haze, ^ ^ wan-moo . 
Hazel-nut, i^ yui. 
He, fg 'k'ue. 
Head, ^3 t*au, "^ sAaM. 
Headache, ^^ t'au-^'Mwn^ , 

g| 1^ fau-^>-f^'. 
Headstrong, ^ ^ ngaang - 

keny. 
Heal, ^ i, ^ |jj* »- Ao. 
Healthy, l^jpf^ ""s/Vow^-shan, 

55 ^li: k'eung-cAon/, ^ 

chony . 
Heap, Jjg tui, (up) i# ;g 

f«i-maai, ij|| ^ ^Mt- Ai, 

fi S S S ch'uung- 

ch'uuug-tip-tip. 



HEA 



124 



HEL 



Hear, |g t'rng, Jg^ Veng- 

muD, |[^ ^ Veng-Un . 
Hearken, ^^ ^ V»-^i- 

Veng. 
Hearsay, JK^ ^ fuung-mun. 
Hearse, ^ j^ song-kue. 
Heart, j\j) s?<m. 
Heart-burn, J^^j^ swn-snen, 

faat -lank -supn, faan-k'au . 
Hearth, ^ >Jg Jg ^^^-lo- 

tai. 
Heartily, (willing) -^ f^^ 

kom-sum. 
Hearty, ^ <14^ shong-faai , 

1^ ;\j) chan-sum. 
Heat, ^ it, ^ ^ it-A^■^ 

(to)*iffbs/;m-it,^fi 

c/«'w^-it. 
Heathen, ^5^:^J*j^^ kaau - 

ngoi -1 -inun. 
Heave, (pull) :J^ ^ch'p, (throw) 

:^ t'au, (swell) yrfl^^K 

chiming- At-lai. 
Heaven, ^ i'm, (the abode) 

Heavy, "^ ch'uung. 



Hebrew, ^\U^ Hi-paah'- 

loi. 
Hedge, ^ g li-;?«, ^^ ^ 

lak-li. 
Hedge-hog, J| wai', fj ^ 

Heed, ]^ >^ /coo -chue . 
Heedless, y^^ @ j\]i» 'm-lau- 

suni. 
Heel, jpjg kpuk'-chaang. 
Heifer, Al-^'^ ngau- moo- 

Heighten, ^ "^ Vii-i;o, ^ 

]^ ^ching-ko. 
Heir, ^^ -J^ tsze'-'/sze, ^ 

^ Ch'uung- tsse, (to) ^ 

^ Bhing-ip. 
Hell, j^^^ ts'-yuuk, ^T 

\nu chung ti yuuk, to 
be cast into the 9th (or 
deepest pit of) hell; |^;^ 
^ lok ti yuuk. Go to 
Hell! 

Hellebore, ^S j^ lai-lo. 

Helm, fj 't'oh, f^ 't'aai, 
j^ t'aai-t'uung. 



HER 



12; 



HER 



Helmsman, i^^ ^ shaaii- 

kuung. 
Helmet, ^^ ^ i^oxx-k'-wai. 
Help. ^IIJJ rong-c\ioh\ fl^ 

H cfnu-l:oo\ (no) ^^ 

'jnj" mo-noi -hoh. 
Helping-hand, ^ -^ J^ong- 

shau. 
Hem. ^ »^ pin-kicut, (to) 

'^fc^'fr tHu-pin-kicut. 
Hem and ha, e-e-a -a . 
Hemp, 1^^ ma. 
Hen, ^ -^ ^flj- moo, ^ 

jjl^ kai- na. 
Hence, ^ jtt; koo'-'ts'ze, 

(a^av) ll^ltt li-'^a'^e, 

B^ ^ li-;?»-sA2/e . 
Henceforth, ^ -^ ]^ 



tBze -hum- i-hau . 



Her, iS ^ A ^''^'-'nne- 

•yan, fg 'k'ue, (poss.) "(g 

Pg[ \*ue-Z'e'. 
Herald, *^'%'*^ suen-lmg- 

kooji, *^ ^ suen-po' . 
Herb, ;^ ^ 'ts'o-fs'of, 

medical herb, ^tX yeuk- 



Herbalist, ^^^^ 'f-^'oi- 
jenk-.nn-shang, ti^ ^ ^ 
^ ^ s/?a??// '^ts-o yenk 
si« 5/ia/i^, ^ i^ 5t ^ 
wone Ink si'/i shang. 

Herd, ^^ k'wun. 

Herdsman, ij^ /^ muuk-yan, 
(of cowB) /^^A muuk- 
ngau-yan. 

Here, ^ ^ ni-ch'ue , ni- 
shue . 

Hereafter, ]j:\^ ^ ^ts'ze-h&\i\ 

iSH ^ ^^^'' -^^^ ' 

Heresy, ^ j^ i'-^'wwl, ^ 

^f t8'e-/:<7a/^ . 
Heretofore, ^^ ^ ts'uung- 

loi, [6j ^ /^?w/7^ -ioi. 
Hermit, ^^^m^ZA 

\i-shf/i -tnuk-kue-Ice -yan, 

JjJ A i'haan-i/aii . 
Hernia, >»J> j^ ^ ~5tM- 

ch'ennfr-At . 
Hero, ^^ i^m^-huung, ^ 

^ lio-kifc. 
Heron, ^ ^ paak-lo . 
Herring, ^ ;# t3'o-*ue ^ 
ch'i-*ue, ^ 'S 



wong- 






ue. 



HIG 



126 



HIR 



Herring-bone (in sewing) ^ 

*& kaak -Jcwut. 
Hesitate, J^ ^ ch'i-ch'ue, 

M ^ *^''-'' *^^" speaking) 
P§ P^ luun-chiiun, ^/;R§ 
lak-tak 

Heterodoxy, S ^f i -A-«au . 

Hew, (to) ^ teuk\ ^\] seuk\ 

Hibernate, *J^ ^^ ts'im- 
ts'ong. 

Hibiscns, (rosa) ^ ::fg 
huung-/a, (mutab) ^ ^ 
foo-yuung, (manihot) ^ 
^ ^ wong-shuuk-k'wai, 
(.Syriaca) '^ ^ fut-son^. 

Hiccough, :J7* f^ nS ^ta-sze- 
yik. 



Hide, (to) ^ J^ /i/Z^maai, 
m-maai, ^ j^ ts'ong- 
maai. 

Hide, (a) j^ ^ ^^'i-cheung, 
^ j^ MfZ^^-p'i. 

Hideous, §,^fj^ c^'a«-maau , 
1 ch^au-ok . 



High, ^ ko, (on high) J;^ 
,E!j sheung^-A:o, "^ J^ 
tsoi -sheung . 



High-water, "jj^"^^^ shui- 

taai -ting . 
Hill, |^[j shaan, [^ ling. 
Hilly, llj^llg /i'^-A-«^, ^^| 

toh-shann. 
Hilt, ^;|^ t'iu-pew/, ;j->pj o^. 
Him, fg ^k'ne. 
Himself, fg @ 3 'k'ne- 

tsze - ki. 
Hinder, pj;[ 'c/^oA, f|| pj^ 

laan- cAo/<. 
Hindermost, ^ ^ moot- 

hau , j|^ ^ shau-mi. 
Hinge, ^ ^aa?^ . 
Hint. g| g^ inai'-^ue, (to) 

trRs SE '^^^-o^^'-'lio'X at) 

Hip, -^ Wjg taai - ^'wt, ^ 
taai - ;^J. 



Hippocampus, y^ ^ hoi- 



ma. 



Hippopotamus, |^ ^ hoh- 



ma. 



Hire, (house, &c.) ^ <so, 
% yum', (men) >(^ ^ 
yum'-yuung', (wages) \ 
T. y2Ln-kuung, T 
kiamg-*ngau. 



HOG 



127 



HON 



His, jg |Jg[ 'k'ueV 

Hiss, Mii|j l^ sze-sze, 
ch'aai-t'oi. 

Historian, fi^ ^ ^ sau- 

c 
52e-yan. 

History, ^ =2 sse-^i , 

(national) -^ ^ /con^- 

Hit, fy^' '^a-cheuk, J^gJ 
pHiuvg-ts'-an, (with a stone) 

Hither, ^] BJg ^ ^o'-nt- 

Hitherto, |oJ ^ Acun^ -loi, 

^^ p)'ing-so . 
Hive, ^^S^l mat-/wwn^- 

•luung. 
Hoard, (to) ^^ fsik-ch^uuh. 
Hoarseness, \A^ ^^ sha-sheng. 
Hoax, 1^ 3^ A/-luung . 
Hobgoblin, ^^"^ iii-kwaai , 

♦^ i^ ^ ^^^-^au-tsing. 
Hoe, (to) ^ jjon^, (a) 

^ cheung-pong, ^ 

ch'oh-t'au. 
Hog, ^^ chue. 
Hog's lard, ^ y^ chue-ysLU. 



Hoist, :^t 'c^i'e, :{|l ^ 'cA'8- 

ch^e- sbeung. 

Hold, (to) J2 ^ 'pa-'shau^ 
Jg fj Va-ch'i, git cAwp, 
;^'^ cAfl-chue , (contain) 
^^ cAony, 1^ ^M ts'ong- 
faA;, y\ ^^. yup-te^-, (fast) 
^ ^^ ting -shat. 

Hold, i^bhip's) j|^ ts'ong. 

Hole, ^ ^huung, ^ 7wtm^. 

Holiday, (to give) JJ^ ^ 
fong -ka , (a gala day) ^ 
^ Q -^ ko-hing-j&t- Uze. 

Hollow, ^^^Mz^ny- luung, 

Hollyhock, ^ !^ k'wai/a. 
Holy, ^ s/it'n^ . 
Home, g^ A;a, (at) :j^ 

tsoi -^a, (go) ^ kivai, 

^faan-kwai, [E]^ ooi- 

/ra. 
Home-made, ^H^ ^'a-*laan» 

A:a-*laan-^e . 
Hone, ^ ^ ch'iu-shek. 
Honest, ^ ^ lo-shat. 
Honey, ^ 5^ raat-t'ong. 



HOR 



128 



HOU 



Honey-comb, j^" ^ mat- 
fong, j^^ W mat -tow 



Honey-suckle, tti ^ ^ 

kum-n^QM-fa. 
Hongkong, ^ }^ Heung- 

kong. 
Honour, ^ -^ tsuen-kwai , 

(to) ^ ^ A;«n^ -chnung . 
Hood, ^fjjg suet''-*mo , ^ 

^^ fau-Zt'oi . 
Hoof, ^ t'ai. 
Hook, ^-§1 A;fl2/, M^a?^. 
Hoop, (to) IJI /oo, /f'oo, (a) 

^ ^ t'iu-mit, (iron-) ^ 

Hoot, p^l hohty Pgg /lo/i^ 
Hop, ^ P g^ toan-A^wA'- 



Hope, ^ raong', "'''^^ 



chi- 



mong . 
Hoppo, ^ ^ ^^?rafln-poo , 

5^ ^ hoi-hraan. 
Horizon, ^^ ^ ti -p'ing, 

(visible) ^ jj^j tHn-keuk . 
Horn, ^ /;o/i; , (edible deer's) 
"W^ luuk-yaung. 



Hornet, ^ ^ ang-fuung, 

-^ ^ mimk- Juung. 
Horrible, ^^^-ts'ai- ts^aam. 
Horror, ^& ^^ huuk-^s'wwA. 
Horse, ,(g 'ma, (a) — ^ 

<^ yci't-chek - ma. 
Horse-racing, ^ ^ p^aau- 

uaa, p^ ,^ fcni -"^ma. 
Horse-radish, ^^ laat-/can. 
Horse-shoe, ^^^ ma-A;«ap . 
Horse-wliip, ^ ^|^ ma-jt?m. 
Hose, ^ mat, (of a fire 

engine) ==^0^ ngau-hau. 
Hospitable, ^ ^ hi-haah , 

hi-haak -kr . 
Hospital, 1^ ^ 1- ioon. 
Host, ^^ chue-ka, (troop) 

W kivun. 
Hostages, ^ r/it , (to ex- 
change) ^ ^ kaau-ehi . 
Hostess, ^ -Q" chue mo, 

-^iy^ niie chue ja,n. 
Hot, ^ it, (feverish) ^ 

king . 
Hotel, ^ ^ haak-ne , ^ 

J^ tsau-tim . 
Hound, J^ ^§J lip- kau. 



HUF 



129 



HUM 



Hour, p^^ ^ tim-chiiung, 
(quarter of an) ^j haak . 

House, ^ uuk, ^ j^ unk- 

k% (a) — f^^ mit-kaan- 

jiuk, (mercantile) ^ •hong, 

a house to let, ^ ^ ^j 

'^ hat nk ch^uid yuui . 

Household, ^ ^ ka-shaf, 
(domestic!)) ^ ^ ^a-yan. 

Hovel, ^^ •liu. 

Hover about, ^^ ^ (p'ooi- 

ooi) ff flT H tfl^ hang- 

ha-mong -^ha, (as a bird) 

^ fi^ nT /:/^-'ha- 

How, Pfi /2W, Mfi /{^ tim- 

•yeung , 'fnj' hoh. 
How many? ^ ^ ki-toh, 

^ A^ foh-'shiu. 
However, ^^ ^^ se^/-in. 
Howl, [^1^^ ho-ho-sheng^ 

Hubbub, 1^ ^ Ai^en-naau , 

Huddled, :ti||^ /ai-tsaap- 

maai. 
Huff, (in a) Zfc ^ shaang- 

hi . 



Hull, (of a ship) ^ ;5' 

shuen-sArm. 
Hull rice, ^;)j^ rhiiung- mai. 
H"™' S S ffi wang-wang- 

«^^^"y, ft J5 ^ kwaang- 

kivaang-shmg. 
Human, ^^ yan-lui , yan- 

lui -ke , (relations) A -j!^ 

yan-luun. 
Humane, J^ j\]^^ ts'ze-sw?», 

^^ ;\]^ fook-sum. 
Humanity, (benevolence) -^ 

yan. 
Humble, ^ ^ him-suun , 

(to) ^ m m. ling' 



him-'pi, (one's self) ^ 

^^ tsze'-A//^?. 
Humbly, ^ fuuk, -g -j^ 

p*o-fuuk. 
Humbug, (a) "^ ^ ^ ha'- 

ma-«m/, (to) ^ f'z^m . 
Humility, W^ ^^ him-suun , 

Sit M ^ ^^"^ him-suun - 

ke -sum. 
Humorous, ^^ |/^ ^ '^o- 

t'iu-«//, •jtf ^ ^ '^*<'- 
kong-siu . 
Hump-back, pj"^ t'oh-^0(7t'. 



HUT 



130 



IDE 



Hump, bullock's, -^^ ngau- 

Jcin. 
Hundred, pf^ak . 
Hundredth. ^"Q* tai -paak . 
Hunger, '^^ *^A;/-ngoh . 
Hungry, j^i ^ Vo-ngoh . 
Hunt, ^ |j^ ta-ViT^. 
Hurrah I ^ ''ho! 
Hurricane, ^^ fuung-kw^ , 

/wMn^-kau . 
Hurry, (to) '^!^ ^^ ff^'ui-pik^ 

(in a) »[t^ Jg^ mong^A:, 

^ ^ 'ft^tn-kup. 
Hurt. -^ shewig, (by a knock) 

^ il 'hom-h^an. 
Husband, ^(^^ chenng'-/oo, 

(coL.) y^{i^ lo-kuung. 
Husbandman, -|^ ^ nuung- 
foo, ^03 A /'^)!«^-t'in-yan. 
Hush, ^* §|j^ ^Mm -mok, 

(hush !) Il)|t^ mai-sheng. 
Hush-money, |^^^ ^om- 

pooi - .sA(^i^. 
Husks, ^ ;ion<7, ^7^ ^^'n^- 

p'i. 
Husky voice, v4^^ sha-sheng. 
Hut, ;;;j^ S maau-w«^. 



Hyacinth, (stone) ^3||Jg 

i'h^ik 
Hymn, 



chHk- ma- no. 



^ shan-sAi, ^, 
^ s^?y//7 -.s/n', to sing a 
hymn, |v|gdf ch^eung shi. 



FTP. 

Hypocrite, fg^ ngai'-shin*, 

1E # %/-shin\ 
Hysoii-Lea, ^ ^ ^ ^»- 

rA'?<wn-ch'a. 
Hysaop, Zfig^;^ ngau-sa^ 

I 

I, ^ 'ngoh. 

Ibex, — Q [Jj ^ gat 

chung shaan yeung. 

Ice, ^ ping, ^Jt /J( ;;my- 
tuung , (commonly called in 
Canton) ^ st<e^ (snow). 

Iceberg, /yj^C [Jj jrwii/ shaan. 

Icy, ^ ^J< ^^ 'yau ju»>?^ a, 

^K ^ 6ll ^""'7 s^ing ^*- 
Idea, ^"g i', g ,g I'-s^/, 

^Sjl '^.un^-t'au, :^^ 

5e?«jy-tseang , j^ nim . 



IGN 



181 



IMA 



Ideal, jg f^ iJ^ I chilling 
ti, i^\ pfl f^ij sum ch'imnff 
ti! ideal excellence -|^ /^ 
^ shup fun \fio, JlJ^ g] 



miu kik, ^ ^^ kik mi; 



beau ideal ^ ^ mat 

Identical, ;;Jg[^ se?<«^-t'nung, 
— '^ ^"^ yeimg\ 1^ — 

^ a ^ue faae jg, ^^ 
tsuuk ue. 



Idiom, ^ }^ Iconfj-faaf, 



Idiomatic, ^ ^^ '^ ^on^- 

tak-faat\ ^^^^^i-'^^'^ong- 

faat . 
Idiot, ^ /^ ngoi-yan. 
Idiotic, ^ ^ c/i'i-ngoi. 
Idle, P^^ baan, (to) f^ f^l 

/V/i^-haan; idle stories, ^ 

^|i^ baan t'aam. 
Idol, ^ 1^ i^'oo-saat . 
If, ^ ,jeuk, f^ ^ 't^ong. 

yeuk, ^'(^ yeuk-hai^ if 

there is, ^^ yeuk yau; 

if you please, ||| ^s'en^. 
Ignis fatuus, ^ */^ A^wat- 

foh. 



Iguite, ^ */^ cbeuk-/oA. 
Ignorant, ^[ffi Jj] mo-c7a, ^ 

^1 ^ iuo-/</i -s//iA;. 
Iguana, ^ ii!j|- Z'ojt? -^kaai. 
Ill, (sick) ^1^ V*u-peifg\ 

(bad) :^ ij^ 'm-'ho. 
Illegal, ^[J,}^ faan'/«a^', ^ 

'O* ^ 'm-bop-/a«^ • 
lUegitiiiiate, ] -x»-vt- 

Illicit, J '^^ ' *^ 

pat-faat . 
Illiberal, ^ /l^'i rhaak -sum. 
Ill-natured, ^ 'ji^ ^mang- 

Illness, 3^ peng . 

Illuminate, (with lamps) ^ 
J)^ cheung-tang, (enlighten) 
fl^ "3^ (hhc'-kwong. 

Illustrate, ^ ^ ^jtnw-ming, 
illustrated book, 32 ^ ^ 
or ^^ /c«?m5' ^sfli shue 
or wa .s-^wf. 

Illustrious, MS ^ *^Aj>i-taat. 

Ill-will, ^ haa\ 

Image, {^^g^ 'ngau-tseung'. 

Imagine, ^ /^ ueu-*^seM«y,. 
^seung. 



iVu> 



IMP 



132 



IMP 



Imbecile, ij^ ^ noh'^-yeuk. 
Imbue, )l^ cltim, ^ haap. 
Imitate, ^ ^^ hok-haau^ 
Immaculate, ^J|^^ ^mo- 

'ha.-ts'zo. 
Immaterial, ^J^^^ mo- 
ying-mo-tseung'', (unimport- 
ant) ^y^^" '^mo-seung- 
kohn. 
Immediately, ^j] [^ tsik-&\ii, 

^ n$ /a?/,^-siii. 
Immense, j^ ^ kik-taai\ 
Immerse, J^ chum', '^ ^SMm\ 
Imminent, the matter is, ^ 
i^JQ^^ sze'-tsoi'-taaa^- 
tsik. 
Immoderate, jj^ ^ ^kwoh- 

t'au, J§ ^ kwolt? -tong^ . 
Immodest, ^ jj|i@ ^mo-*^lai, 

'mo-lim-V/i'i. 
Immoral, ^ ij^ '[C 'm-tuen- 

ching^, ^ Jj^ 'm chimf . 
Immortality, ;^i( ^ Ving- 

shang, ^h^f. wing ts'uen. 
Immutable. ^ ^ jt?fl^-yik. 
I™P' ^ ff ^kwai-Hsai, /]> 



sue?i. 



Impair, 

Impart, ^ ch'uen, 

ch'uen-^jiji. 
Impartial, ^^ /i;«Mn^-p'ing. 
Impatient, ^ ^ cheuk-A;Mji7, 



5^ nfR *^mo-V«^n-noi\ 






Impeach, 'g' ^^', -g^^ ^c>'. 
*chong\ ^S "^^^i. 



Impede, |fl:|^ta«m-'ngMa 
^ ^choh-chue^ . 

Impediment, [^ :pg fong- 

ngoi\ 
Impel, :^ Ptii, f^g ts'ui- 

pik, ^ -^ ^uung-hue\ 
Impending, [^^ lum-^k*an. 
Imperative, -^ ^ ^ S^»m- 

Imperfect, ^ /^ ^ i^«!^- 
cAa?^-ts'uen, P^ ^ V^*^" 

Imperfection, ^ ^ khtet'- 

faat. 
Imperial, iffij ue\ ^ yww. 



^ ^^ wong-^a. 



Imperious, ^ ^ i^a -hi . 
Impersonal, ^ M ^ ^^ 



m naam m nue. 



IMP 



133 



IMP 



Impertinent, 4^ -^ faan'- 

faan'-fun\ f§ ^ IsHm'- 
fun\ (not concerned) ^> 
^ ^ hw-kwaan-shif' . 
Impetuous, (disposition) 'J!^ 
^ sing'-kup. 

Impervious, !!^^^ 'm-toZ-- 
Implacable, ?|i x^ ^ 



ngaang -'m-woh. 



Implement, ^ In\ ^ ^ 



hi -kue 



Implicate, |g^ ^'oA-lni', jj^ 

lin. 
Implicitly, ^ :;:1 ^\^^ mo-i'- 

sum, Z^ -j^ ngaang^hai^ 
Implied meaning, ^ ^ ^' 

^[» i -tsoi -in-ngoi^ p^ ^ 



.3 .3 

noi -t . 






Implore, |g yj^ ^han-k'&u. 
Imply, Hg^ :fg om-'chi. 

Import, (goods) ^ y^ 

P ^501 yup-^Aaw. 



10 



Important, ^ g|! ^kan-iu, 
no imix)rtaiiCL', ::A' ^ ^ 
mo 'kan iu', '^ j^ ^ 
mo seintfi ko/tn. 

Imports A P '^ yup ^/i(tii 
fo\ 

Importune, ig «^ai, '^ 
^ jpa^Aiil^k'au. 

Impose, Jfl ka, (upon) ^ 
]|i^ hi-pHn\ 

Impossible, ^^ Z'^/m^-W, 
ifwe/i -'^mo-A-^'', ^ "^ ^ 
shai'-'m-tak, ^ j|g ^;«^ 

Impostor, 3^ ;jg ^^^-on^- 

Imposts, Igfjf -^hiu-ch'aau. 
Impotence, ^g^ mo-nang 

yJ -^ J£ ^^^ '^^ ^sz«<A;. 
Impracticable, ^'^^:^ 'm- 

tso -tak. 
Impress, :fX^ ta-yan, (the 

mind) ^Jjj "^iJc^-tuung', ^ 

Imprison, ^y\.]^ k^wwi- 
ju^-kaam, ]\^ g ^/iau- 
Aaam, ^^ "^ts'oh A;a«;/j. 



INA 



134 



INC 



Imprisoned, ^|^0|5 'ts'oh- 

kaam he . 
Improl)able, P ^ naan- 

sxim\ S8% naan-yau, 

Improper,'::^ ^ 'm-cheuk. 
Improve, ^^ uet- Ao, ft 

time) g>l@3fe^ ''''-^^■^^- 

liu'ong-ywn- 
Imprudent, % ,@. ft '^o- 

sse-leung. 
Impudent, '^'^"^hss ^' 

^^^\ «£ fe If '^°-^^' 

taan\ 
Impure, ^^ ^ '^ ^^'^'^ 

teing'. ^ 

In, (to be) :^ t60i\ pt% A^, 

1# ^ 'hai-shue\ [o] g 

'/ieM;;^-sW,(into)Ay"P- 
Inaccurate, :^^ '^^n-ts^oh\ 
Inadequate, 'j^ ^ 'm-lcau\ 
Inadmissible, ^ ^ f^ ^ 

'm-^'^<'«»-^rtfc-maai. 

Inadvertence, @ |^ ^«'^^'- 

'ng', 4^ ^ shat-kok^. 
Inadvertently, Z^^ 'm-kok\ 



Inattentive, yp> ^ 'Ij' 'ni" 

Inauspicious, ^ ^ i^ft^^fl^, 

/P TflJ Tfi" 'm-li'-Bhi\ 
Inborn, | ^^^^ 



..5 



shaang- 
In-bredi J 

t8oi'-noi\ 5c^. ^'''^-^°' 
^ ^ s/ifmn^'-sheng, ^^ 

^fc-ITH^I s/i«rtn// loi yau 
ti. 
Incalculable, ^ pf ffi^ ® 
pat-'^hoh-shing-^sho, ^ i|5 

mo-k'uung. 
Incapable, Z^ gg 'm-nang, 

T^ -^ 'm- ooi. 
Incarnation, [^ ^ ''ong'- 

shang. 
Incendiarism, JJ; yC 2- ^ 

/b«^ foh ke Bze . 
Incense, (to) ^ jg ^^Vc-no'. 
Incense, § Ae«"5', (^tickB) 

H # ^in'-hmng, M # 

keuk'-hewig, jji^ # shan 

lieimg. 
Incessant, :;?i gjC V^'^-^^^- 

Incest, ^ H ie ^ ^^'^'^* 
shuuk-sew??^-/v'a«?^' 



INC 



135 



IXC 



iifii 



Inch, %j- ts 

Incident, ^ "{"^ sze^-ts'ing, 

fS ffi $ 'iigau-in-9ze\ 
Incidental, |^ ^ ngau-in, 

^^ ^[* iigaak-*ngoi\ 
Incision, y}\% fo-sheimcf, "J^ 

Jg to-\o\ 
Incisor, p^ -^ moon nga. 
Incite, ^ J^ 'min-lai\ 
Incivility, ^ fjjQ mo- lai. 
Inclined, '[g^i?'m-S»?, -fgl] 

1^ chal'-ti, (the mind) /\^ 

f5| sum-heung , "^ ^Aa/?^. 
Inclose, (in a letter) jj]^ ^ 

Ica-fuung, ^ ^ |;««i^- 

juunrj, (by a fence) ^ 

:^5 wai-maai. 
Include, ^^pj ;;r/a?<-t8oi'- 

noi\ -^ ;(g paau-¥oot'. 
Incoherent talk, i@ t^ 

ngaam^-wa\ 
Income, 7^ ^J^ yup-s/y^, )5ff 

y^ shoh yap. 
Incomparable, ^ ^ mo- 

sheung, ^j;^^ mo-yn- 



Incompatible, 7(^)^%^ 
'm-kaung'-/rt^.maai, yfi;(fl 
•^ 'm seung hop. 

Incompetent, 1^ ^ fi 'm- 

.5/aV?/7-yum', ;^:^|g^fi 

ts'oi joa^ s/ji>?^ yum , "fl 

Incomplete, ^ ^ 'm-ts'ai, 
;p ^ 'm ts'uen, 7^ ^ 
yau Z;'Me/. 

Incomprehensible, ^ p]* |[^|j 
^ j)rt^ hoh-c?i'ak-shik. 

Inconceivable, "^ ^ ^ 
'^seimg 'm Vo, ^ pj* ^"^ 
1^ jjat hoh I k'aap. 

Inconceivably: J^^Pf^ 
i j3a^ Ao7i k'aap, in- 
conceivably beautiful, j^ 

Inconclusive, ;^;^ nil uen, 
pIc^K nii' ting' shat. 
Incongruous, 1 _^ ^, ^ 
Inconsistent, ) * 

/^ |?fl^ hop, '^ g ;?«« i, 
'^ g| i^^ ^li, ^ ^mong. 



INC 



136 



IND 



Inconstant, ^*^ mo-sheung, 

Incontinent, "^ g ^\\ 'm- 

tsze -chai . 
Inconvenient, ^ ^ ^ 'm- 

fong-^m\ Z^"^ 'ni pin\ 
Inconvertible, ^ ^^ ^ jw^ 

nang yik, ^ [^^ >(fc 7^«^ 

nang /a . 
Incorrect, ^ ts'^oh , 7^ ^ 
yau rA'a, ]!^ji£ 'm c/wi(j , 

]^ -^ 'm hop. 
Incorrigible, W. ^ :f^ it 

waan- kang-jmt-fa . ^ -^ 

gj^ 'm Jiang Icoi. 
Incorrnptible, ^^f^ 'm- 

waai'*-Mf, i^^^flf 'm- 

maai-f/««/Z'-^aA;. 
Increase, Jfl ^ /rrt'-foA, Jfl 

j^ Ica-tsang, ^ i«/m, 

Lence the usual good wish 

^^T @ St ^'»^ ^^^'^ 

/«fl^ ts'oi, (may you have) 
more sons and greater 
wealth. 
Incredible, ^ pi]* ^ pai- 
''hoh-suun , "^^^ 'm- 
jup-SMM;i , 



Incubate, 5^"^ po -*taan . 
Incumbent, tJI^ j^oon-fun , 

j)oon-in\\ -Ice . 
Incur, ^rJn, ^^j cAi'-^/, 

Incurable, I^ ^ ^^ 'm-t- 
tak, ^ ^ mo-faat . 

Indebted, -^ him , ^ ^r 
him -chaai . 

Indecent, ^^ ^ /?- lai, ^>5_ 
ts^o, ^-^^ 'ra hop i. 

Indecision, ^ ):^ ^ "^mo- 
' ttt; 'yv <ii,\ 

7c'?/6^'-z', :^^^i,^ mi' 

ting chue i . 
Indeed, i^ j£ cltan-ching , 

"f^ shat, ^ "^ Mw shat, 

"1^^ i^ shat-tsoi . 
Indefatigable, ^ '^ mo- 

kuen . 
Indefinite, xf^[J^^ 'm-haan- 

ting . 
Indelible, ^ ^ f ^ 'm-lut- 

tak. 
Indemnify, B§|^ p'ooi-/rtan. 
Independent, Q -j^ tsze - 
laap, ^, ^ pat-k'aau , ^ 

§ ling -tsze . 



IXD 



137 



IXD 



Index, g ^ rauuk-luuk, 
'g H meng miuik; index 
of a book ^ g sAke 
mnuk, ^g L'.n m^uk.^ 

India, 0] K S 5^«'^'-to'- 
Tcicok . 

Indian corn, |g ^ ^uick- 
''mai, ^ ^ jiaau-suuJc. 

Indian [ so-called, really 
Chinese] ink, g mak. 

India-rubber, ^^ tseung'- 

shue -Jcaau. 
Indicate, ;fg tJ: 'c/;i-shi , 
:f| |±} 'r/u- ch'Hut, p 
A'O/?^' meng. 
Indict, -g^ ^/> 
Indifferent, -J^'j^ pok-ts'ing, 
Vo" ?|t 'laang-taam', (any i 
way) l^^ffiH ts'ui- 
ts'ui-pin'-pin^ (*pin ). 
Indigent, #^ p'»iQ V^''- 
Indigestion, -^i^ shik-chai . 
Indignant, fg jg horn' -ban . 
Indignation, \^'\§^ nau-hsin. 
Indigo, ^f£laam-tin^ (the 
tree) ^ ;gj laam shue . 



-*chong . 



Indirect, f^^M ^■''^'^' 
t'au, 'm-hai^-chik-t'au. 

Indiscreet, Tf^ ^ M P^^^' 
^fs2e-sa\, '^ /\> ill> '""^ 
SIM sum. 
Indiscriminately, ^ ^ ^ 

^ gy 'm /"em pit. 
Indispensable, i^^flf i'»^-5?«^» 

j;;Y-si«-ke\-^^t#''^*"" 
Indisposed, ^ ^ /lim'-o/w?, 

oAn, somewhat indisposed, 
a little out of sorts, 
rather "off colour": '^^ 
g ite 'm-tsze'-tsoi', ^ 
nup, (disinclined) 3^ ^ 
'm-'^seimg. 
Indissoluble, ^ '(K # W 

3 , 7 • -1^ -fe/fc ^S 

'm-fci-faJc-hoi, yfv |p j^^ 

Indistinct, :^ ^ fi '"J- 
ming-paak,;^^^mi'- 
tsHng-'^ch'-oh. 

Indistinguishable, '^^^ 
'm fun talc hoi. 



INE 



138 



INF 



Individual, 'gr wai , (an) — 
-jg \ yat-koh'-j&n, (thing) 
f|: kin', (Sec A.), (by 
itself) -g g ling'-tsze\ 

Indivisible, ^ ^ ^|f 'i»- 
fun-tak. 

Indolent, J|^ '|^ '/o7/-'laan. 

Indomitable, ^|§J|j i^"^- 
ying -shue. 

Induce, ^ V^"' tS 51 ''^'*"' 
"■yan; to induce people to 

believe, ^ \ ^ ling' 

yan sunn . 
Indulge, ^^Jl^ koo-sik, j^ 

f^ tsuimg -kwaan , J^^jj 

fong -tsimng , 
Indulgent, ^ "^ /oon-taai , 

(self) g flg tsze'-ha\ g 

j^ tsze -tsuimg . 
Industrious, |^ JQ k'an- 

huimg, ^ ^ k'an lik. 
Inefficacious, ^ ^ |?«^ 

leng, 'm-leng, Z^ J^ 'm- 

yvig . 
Inert, ^1^ 'laan, i:?^ % fP 

'm- ooi-yuuk. 
Inestimable, ^^ % 

ha - 2Wf ^- ^ mo ka . 



Inevitable, 7f ^ ^^ 'm- 
min-to/<:, IK ^ 1^ '"'°- 



noi -hoh. 



Inexcusable, ^ "^ |^ p J 

^ '^vao-'^lioh-shu* . 
Inexhaustible, ||^ ^ ^ 



mo-k'uung-tsuun . 



mo- 



Inexpedient, ]^ '^ ^ 'm- 
pin'-i, :^'g**it m'hopi. 

Inexperienced, Z|:-^ shaang- 

sliau. 
Inexplicable, ^ pf ^ ^mo- 

'hoh-'kaai, iy^ ^ # m' 

Inexpressible, ^ ^ ^^ ^ 
in-jx<^-nang-tsuun , ^^ ^ 
"T kong-'m-^\m. 

Inextricable, ^^m ^kaai- 
pat-ch*m(t, kaai-m-liit. 

Infamous, ^ ch'au , ^ 

Infant, ^^ «/my-i, "^^ 

'C^ a -so- tsai. 
Infanticide, ^^ shaat' i. 
Infantry, ^ ^ poo -j^m^. 



INF 



139 



ING 



Infatuated, 


a 


M 


fming-tin, 




yup-mai- 


wan-cban . 






Infect, ^ 


im, 


M 


W^ kom- 


im. 








Infectious, 


^ 


m 


c . c. 
001- im, 


m'> 


com- 


im, 


kom- im- 


Tee . 









J c, 



Infer, |[g]g t^ui-io^, ^\% 

hxi-tui. 
Inferior, ~]^^ lia - tanrj^ ^ 
yai, (goods) P^ ^ yai-/o/i\ 

Infernal, iiJj JjJ® ti'-yuuk- 

kom. 
Infest, j^ ^ /"mi -'ill. 
Infinite, ^ ^ mo-k'uung, 

^j5^ mo-haan . 
Infirm, ;;^ ^ sA?/i-yeuk. 

Inflame, ^ffi^^ i''^<''^'- 

mang- foh-hi . 
InflaramatioB, )^ ^ kit -it. 
Inflate, q^ ^ '^koo-'^hi, 

(magnify) ^ ^ cheimj- 



taai\ 



Inflexible, ^/^^ it;j-ngaang . 
Inflict, Jo ha. 



Influence, Wjr -^ i^hax - tsze, 
(example) JH >(t fuung- 
Ja\ (^to) ^ gd Vwm- 
tiiung^ '(fc/"^ 

Infold, ^[ -^ pnnu- kn'oh. 

Inform, fj jjj wa' 

''^'' jfi 5ill ^■""''y-'''"'' to 
be informed of, ^^ '^un 

Informant, -^ ^ ko che. 

Infuriated, gi}^ -gjg l^ nau- 

nau-j)aau . 
Infuse, (tea) '/rjt 1^ rh'umrg- 

ch'a, (METAPH.) '/Jy'V^ 

^sww -yup-A^/tf . 
Ingenious, ^ 3lE tseng-kivaai. 

Ingenuous, ^ ^ i^ ^mo- 
sze-sum, ]^ [^ cbik-paak, 

7p ;;;/^ kwong-miug-ching - 

taai . 
Ingot, U ting', Tt S |£ 

lien- ^jo-tmg . 
Ingratitude, ;g;,@, mong-//a>?. 
Ingulf, ^ pg f'(//i-haam . 



INK 



140 



INN 



Inhabit, ^ hue, ^'^ ^^ue 

chue . 
Inhabitant, ^ ^^ Jcup-mnn, 

2jC J2 A i'^'^" '^'^ POD, 

Inhale, !1|5^ /i;'?//^ p^A ^^'"^ ' 

yup. 

Inherent, ^ ^ ^ shang- 

tsoi -noi , |S ^ ^ tsze - 

noi - jau. 
Inherit, ^ shing, ^ tsze . 
Inheritance, ^^^ /i:«-ip. 
Inhuman, ^ A'^ mo-yan- 

^^^m 5 ^W ^l^'* \o\ig-sum. 
Inimitable, '^ ^ 

k'aap-^fl'A;. 
Iniquitous, ^ ^ mo-to 
Initiate, ^ ^ ]loi-\2^. , 

(introduce) SI ^ ""yan 

tsuun , ^j ^ yan-yui3. 
Injure, ^lioi\ j^' 

^^^ > '^^^ s^/eu/iff-hoi 



ra- 
3 



sifen- 



"^ 



,.J , .3 



Injurious, ^j] ^ li'-hoi' 
Ink, g mak, (liquid) |g 

Ink-stand, J5 pJC j^ '^^ak- 
6-^Mi-ch'i. 



Ink-stone, ^ ^^ mak-in 

(*in'). 
Inland, pi.] j^ noi -ti . 
Inlay, ^'l sfnmg. 
Inlet, p\^ j^ yup-r7i*w« , ^ 

P Vwt ^haiu ^ f *J 'Ao» 

moon. 
Inmost, ^ ♦^ r/it -shuni, 

^ pj c7^i^" noi , (heart) 

*^ ij^> shum-siim. 

haalc- koon, 5S /i" //rtftA; 

Innate, ^ g^ ?'»;z-in, ^^ 

Bj sJumg-tsoi -noi . 
Inner, ^ noi . 
Innocent, ^ i^ mo-tsui\ 
Innocuous, ^^ mo-tuuk. 
Innovate, -^ 7^ sa»-yup, 

Innovation, ^] ^/1^ ^ 

san-ch'uwrg-chi-sze . 

Innuendo, 0^ ^] o/;j -^s'se 

Innumerable, ^ pT ^ 

j^cit- hoh-shing- sJio, "T^^ 

fS Ptf ^ 'liu-^j«^to^- 



INS 



Ml 



IXS 



> I 



Inoculate, j^ }{^ chuinig 

•tau . 
Inordinate, ^ jjj'j -^Ij "^mo- 

r5j/ -c//^» , jf^ huun . 
In<|uest, ^ ^ im -s/<i. 
In(iuire, =^ f^ fnnff-mnn , 

^ inuu . fi^^ fong ch'a. 
Inquisitive, ^ ^ P^ /w - 

ch'a-raun\ -ff 1^ 59 ^^o' 

fong mun . 
Insnne, ?^ ^ /}m^ -^i/?. 
IiiBatiable, ^ |p^ mo-»m , 

^ ^ /£ 'm-^/a"-/.'JK2//w 
Inscription, ^ ^ /^i-mun, 

^ ^^ y'j/i-ugaak. 
inscrutable, ^ p]* ^jj J9«^ 

/toh-ch^ak. 
Insect, g ch'nung, §|g Jg 

^ -^rtt^-^^-ch'uung, "^ ^' 

^ luuk ^sMi<^ cb'uung. 
Ineecure, ^ ^ 'm-Sm«, 

^^ ^ 'ra o/^/j. 
Insensible, M^^ mo- 

cAi-^rt/c , 5^ ^ nia-muuk, 

^"^ ia yv "^ °^" ^*"^' 



van-sze 



Inseparable, ^^fq /rnai- 

tak. 
Insert, ^^ y\ ckuuip -yup. 

Inshore, ^^ ^ k'au ngobn , 

Inside, ^ a^ ^lue-t'au, ^ 
^ liie-min\ j^ noi\ \^ 
Pj noi rain ; inside tbe 
door, P^ fe moon noi ; 
inside and out, ^^h noi 
ngoi'. 

Insidious, ^^^ toh-piii\ ^ 
^ kaan-wasit. 

Insight, ^ p^ chi shik, ^ 
1^ Zr/n s/iik. 

Insignificant, ^ ^ mi-ho, 
^ 3|^ mi-moot, ^ Am<?, 
^^M mo t^ a.-e', M 

^iw ■>^^\ 'lil» ' 7i»V 

FIJ ^ mo chu/if/ yung . 
Insincere, !^^g^ 'ra-c/a'- 

shing. 
Insinuate, ^ '^ ts'aam- 

^^°g'' fi itl A i'^^^ 
t'au-juip. 

Insipid, jl^ taam\ t'aara, ^ 

^ ^ mo-mi'-to\ M 

mo shan. 



INS 



142 



INS 



Insist, ^ ^ lak-ling', ijfv 

Insnare, fg ^ haam'-hoi', 

Insolent, §i fS" ngo'-°^aan\ 
/g: il>gi y^ p65[ '^moo-maan'- 

yan-/c«^. 
Insoluble, 7f^^^§ 'm-y- 

Insolvent, ^J|JC chaai'-^tun. 

InBomuch, f^^ ^^'»'-''^ ^ 

gj cAi'-io\ :g^ shum'- 



Instance, (for) J:t$P_^V»"-«e, 

the first instance, ^</J ^ 
ch'ohts'ze, "g ^ '«/*«w 
/s'2e'; a court of the first 
instance, "^^Pl ^a' "g» 
moon. 
Instant, J^^ g|J fin'-haaJc\ 

ArtflA;; on the 5th instant, 
2|s: ^ %J 3i Vo^'^ i^et 
f/i'o/t ng. 
Instead, (of) ^f^- Pai'-toi\ 

Instep, B W W ^^^^'' 

poov'-ivaan. 
Instigate, p^ '|3^ soh-'suung. 



Inspect, S g ch^a-./.'««^, Instil, JJA* ^^'""'"y'^P 



^ Icaam, ^ tuuk 
Inspector, ^'g' kaam-hmk, 
(of Schools, Government), 

Jca shue '^Icoon Imam tuuk. 

Inspire, ^ ^ k'iq)-hi\ (di- 
vinely) ^ lil mak-Vau. 

Inspirit, '[^ JE ^suxmg-%, 
^ ^ 6?<?//?^-tuung\ 

Instable, ^ ^ ' 



'm- w«n. 



Instinct, til's sm^^'-ts'ing, 

2js; *[4 ^jwon-sincf. 
Institute, ^ c/i't7\ 
Instruct, ^ ^'a^/?<^ 
Instruction, ^ gf|| ^««w'- 

/««', ^ ^ /ra^r^^'-ling'. 

Instructor, ^6ffi ^'^^""' *^^^ 

;^ ^ stn shang. 
Instrument, |g _g, /^i'-kue\ 
Insubordination, ^ 25l ^ai- 

yik. 



INT 



113 



INT 



Insufferable, 7f^^y% 'm- 

ymi-tak, 'm- ijan-t'th-k&'. 

Insufficient, ^ ^ 'm-kaic'. 

Insular, Hj;|^'^;?frC ^^* i^*'* 



yau Slim. 



Insult, ^ ^ Ai-foo\ ^ 

^ ling-yuak, /f^ '||g 

moo-maan\ 

Insuperable, jl^^f^ hcoli^- 

pat-tah, ktcoh^- 'm - ^rt/c - ke'^ 

^ S # i 'na-^'^'^/^'- 

tak-huti'. 
Insupportable, *^ ^^ ^ 

tong-pat- hi, tong-m-'^hi-ke^. 
Insurance, -^ [^ '^po-'^him, 

insurance company, -^j^ 

^ al po htm kuung sze. 
Insure, ^^|^ 'maai-^;?o- 

%%m, to insure a ship, ^ 

J|§ po shuen; to insure 

against loss by fire, ffl >h 

^ J30 /o/i '^him. 
Insurrection, ^-^ ^ ^so^'^- 

luen'. 
Integrity, ^l^j^- stunn-hau'', 

Hl| IE kong-ching . 
Intelligence, ^f^ kin-shik, 

(news) §^ sheng-hi\ 



Intelligent, |||^^ ^ ta'uung- 



ming. 



Intelligible, B^JQ ming-paak. 
Intemperance, ^ ^ /on// - 

|ffig moV. 
Intend, Jf g^ t'-yuuk, gj^ 

yuuk, /g '67'wn//. 
Intense, ?^ ^^ kik-shum , 

Intention, ^Mi -sze ,^i , 
i\j* ^^ sum chi , z 



chiie t . 






Intentioned, ^^ ^^ yau-i , 

Intentness, ^[>|^^ chum-sum. 
Inter, ^ :^| tsong -maai. 
Intercalary, p^ yuun , 
Intercede, ^ ^ toi -k'au. 
Intercept, ^^ |^ laan-tsit. 
Intercessor, ^\^ ^^ ^ toi 

k'au che, X^ ^ chuiing 

yan. 
Interchange, j^ ;^ seung- 

oon , ^ ^ A;af«<-yik. 
Intercourse, ^ :^. kaau-tsip , 

g^ Vong-loi. 



INT 



144 



INT 



Interdict, ^ ^ hi)» -*««» , 

:^ rJ- Icuni' ^chi. 
Interest, 7p]^§, li -si/i;, ^||^ 

li'-ts'in, i7„ interest (^ 

^ .& ^^^' '''^^'^ *^^^- 
Interest, (to move) :J7' J[| 

"^/rt-tuung^ (concern) ^ 

Jcwaan. 
Interesting, ^j S!) ^^ >li^ 

yan-tuung -/ioA -siwi. 
Interfere, '^ ^7a>^ 3^ ^H, 

^Ji 'to-% (meddle) ^ 

ch'ttci-p- tsiii. 
Interim, R^ |li5 slii4r<rt«. 
Interior, p^ j^ uoi -ti , ^ 

gj^ lue-t'au. 
Interlace, ^ jjfl kaau-ka. 
Interleave, fg ^|^ kaaJc'-^chi. 
Intermediate, fJi |^ chuunrj- 

kaan. 
Intermission, j^ ^§» 2 ^ 

i''\r\g-$ik-i:,lii-kaan. 
Intermit, ^ gj^ /«««« -/"'^ • 
Internal, ^ noi , 
International law, ^ ^ ^ 
^ maan^ - /«t'o/:'' - kuung- 
faat . 



Interpolate, Jg; A ^ ^ 

wan -yap-tsze -kue . 
Interpose, A ^ ^ ^^'^P' 

climmg-kaan, ^ ^ t' 

yup-k'i-f/iwi^;?^. 
Interpret, -f^fj cli'uen-*wa , 

Interpreter, ^J ^ i'uM??.^- 
*sze^ ^'^ ch'uen-ZcMMn^', 
(official) ^f If 'g /aan- 
f\]s.-koon. 

Interrogate, Qg p^ p'oon- 
mun . 

Interrupt, |g^| 

PR ® 'c//oA-ting\ 
J^ A;rtfM/.- chiieii-shue . 

Intersect, -^ ^ seung-kaau. 

Interstice, ^ 5^ «^o7t-/a . 

Interval, |^ kaan. 

Intervene, TV 4* K ^^P' 

chilling -kaan. 
Interview, '^ ^ min -^t/?, . 
Intestines, j^ ch'eung, 

*ch'eung; intestine war«, 

pg g[ noi' luen , pj ^ 

noi chaang. 



choh- t'uen. 



INT 



145 



IXV 



Intimate, yji0,^ NT«////-shuuk^ 

C^o) $^ ho-fhi. 
Intimidate, ^^ ^f^ huung- 
haak , flK ^ ha-aat , (in 
order to extort) p|3 ^ //«- 

Into, ;\ yup, 7^ p5 yup- 
noi . 

Intolerable, ^ ^ 
yuung, ;p ^ I 
yuung-^^A-, ;;f; :^ :J^ m 

Intoxicated, 



naan- 
: 'm- 



tsm - tsau. 



Intoxicating, P^ ^ ^ ooi- 
tsm -yan, ooi-tsin -he . 

Intractable, >j> § ^ 'm- 
shau -Jcaau . 

Intrencbment, | 



.M- 



ymg- 



^lui. 



Intrepid, ^ ^ ^ ^«a/«- 

sArtflny-mo. 
Intricate, ^^ ^ft /s*o7: -tsaap. 
Intrigue, =^ ^ kwai-cha , 

(to) :yki^ ^^^M-so/^ $f n 

haan-kai . 



Introduce, ^j j\ "^yan-yup, 
§I>S Van-/5<<wu', 5[^ 
yaa-/:/?i , (a subject) j^ 
^ t'ai-V<j, ^ A;'j/\ 

Introduction, (to a book) /J> 
^j sin- yan, (recommend- 
ation) ^L ^ ^.sm -sAz/^. 

Intrude, ^^^ t'ong-tat, ^^ 
7\^ r;j'aa7> -yup, :|f T^-J- 
cbong -yup-^2^c . 

Intrusive, ^ ^ ts'o'-po\ 

Intrust, :j^ ^oA;', ^ :^:^ 
kaau-t^ok . 

Intuitively, (to know) Ai 
rifn 331 y2! shang-i-chi-chi. 

Inundate, -^^ shvi-cheung , 

^ shin-tsum -saai . 
Inundation, ^ ^ lo- shui. 
Invade, ^ y\ -^ ts^um- 

yup-A«f . 
Invalid, ^ j^ peng -waai\ 



Invaluable, ^ ^ ^ mo- 

Invariable, ^ ^ ;;a^yik, 

^ ^ i^«^ '^''^» tS tangr 
*^ Bbeung. 
Inveigh, [^ naau . 



INV 



146 



IKR 



Inveigle, Mj HI Iccm- yan. 
Invent, ^ ^ chai -tso . 
Inventory, ^ ^ ^ mat- 

Invert, ^ ^ ^to-'^chiien. 

Inverted, ffii •p] <»»-%. 

Invest, with, Jfjq Z'a, (money 
for profit) [ij ^ fA'?/?^^ 
.siVi-, (in property) ^ ^ 
^ c/^/^-sliat-ip, to invest 
a city, Q ^ wai shing. 

Investigate, ^ ^ ch'a- 



ch'aat\ 



9E^^' 



?/l- rtW 



Inveterate, ^ M ^ kau^- 

mo-%^ ^4'^ % m 

fcan-shum- tai-lcoo , ^ S^ 

^ ^ /■•fl'W-peng -naan-t. 
Invidious, ^Q ^ ;& cA?w- 

to -ki . 
Invigorate, ^^ ^ jc^o-lik. 
Invincible, ^ |^ mo-tik. 
Inviolable, T^-^"^^ 'm- 

sheu)iff-{&Sin -talc. 
Invisible, ^J^pf^ mo- 

ying- hoh-lcin . 
Invitation-card, pm|W^ ts^eng- 

tHp\ 



Invite, -^ 



ts^eng. 



Invoice, '^ _|^ /bA -taan^ 

Invoke, P^ ^§ foo-yeuk . 
Involve, H^ ^ ^Wi-lui , ^ 

1^ lin-lui'! ' 
Involuntary, ;:^ tft # i 

'm-tso -/rt/i;- r/«<^. 
Inward, ^ noi . 
Ipomoea, #^ ^ Jgt, ^kum- 

p^'mg-fuung, (reptans) ^g 

^^ ung -ts'-oi . 
Ii'is, iiP^ Br 'ngaan-^st??77, ^^ 

^ oo-ising, (flower) "|^^ 

qfg mong-yrt^^/a. 
Iron, ^ tHt , (for clothes) 

^^'t^omj-'tau, (to)^ 

Iron-grey (hair) ^ ^ ^ 
tfj t'au faat poon paak. 

Ironically, to speak, ^ ^ 
tsok-yan, }X ^ ^ M 
faan- to- c/ruen- hong. 

Irony, it^\^^pooi- iseung- 
*wa . 

Irrational, M '["^ ^ 'mo- 
ts'ing- li. 

Irrecoverable, ]^ ^^ |^ 'm- 
tak-faan. 



ISO 



147 



JAC 



Irregular, g^ luen', M. ^ 
^ mo-faat -to , ^ ^^ 
'ni-ts'ai, irregular behaviour, 

^ lS ^ IE ^^^"S" ^'"^i 
pat chin(j . 

Irrelevant, ^jf ^ P^ a-a-hoi, 
yifia-uga-lioL 

Irremediable. ^^'^ mo- 
noi^hoh,M^pf^ W 
faat • hoh-kau . 

Iri-esistible, iffiAKfSft 
mo-yan-tik-?'aZ"-chue . 

Irresolute, ^ ^ ^ Sno- 
Vii/e-A M ^ ^[^ mo- 
ting -si /If/ . 

Irrigate, ^ jf|^ koon -toi , 
^ ;|| Uim-laai\ 

Irritable, 1^ ii5[ nau-nat, *J^ 



foh- keyig. 



Irritate, 



tin- hi 



kilc-nau, 



Irritated, ^ ^ Tcmik-ln . 
Is, <^ hai , ^^ %\\i , (there 

is) Jg' Vau. 
Isinglass, -^ ^1 ue-^ff^?^. 
Island, i^% 'hoi-'to, V^^ 

hoi-chau. 
Isolated, ^ ^ ling -tsze . 



Issue, (to) ^ /a^//', [Jj c/i'ifM^; 
to issue a proclamation |f{ 
-^ ^ cA'i/M^ ko shi^; to 
issue a warrant, jjj ^ 
ch^uut p'iu . 

Isthmus, iJj^^ shaan-iu. 

It, jg 'k'ue.^ 

Itch, ^ /«ai . 

Itching, ^ han, jj^ han- 
jeung. 

Itinerary, jjgg lo'-ch'ing. 

^"^o^T' ^ ;^ tseung^-nga. 

ch'eung-fA*2«oi-t'ang. 



Jabber, |^ ^ Rg ng fc^^- 

tsze-tsa-tsa. 
Jacana, ^ ^ ^ paak- 

Jacinth, ^{.^^ ch^ik-jnnk. 
Jack-fruit, )^ ^ -^ j;o/i- 

loh-mat. 
Jackal, g. ^^ 'ye-'^a?/, ^ 

^g kau-foon. 
Jack-daw, ^^ ^ oo-tseuTc*. 
Jacket, ^^ tuen-shaam. 



JAY 



148 



JEW 



Jadestone, ^ pile, ^S 'H 

yuuk-shek. 
Jagged, ^^^^ ^^rm-nga- 

*jeung\ 

Jail, ^ ^ Zr/r?m-fong. 

Jailer, "^ ^ sze-'^imk, ^ 

^ hohn-kaam, ^ -4^ 
JUL . ' ;*r» -i 



hml'- tsze. 



Jam, 



t'ong- kivoh, (to) 



pik, ^ ^ ;)t7c-shat, 
g ^ pik-^kan. 
Jangle, p^^ ^ VAV/aw-naau\ 

January, ^5 I y^ ^^^^' 

f/«';2^-uet. 
Japan, Q;^^^ Yat-7;oo?j- 

kwok^. 
Jar, (a) Jg cli'ing, ^ ^fV/^ , 

II f««".'7, JS *p'eng, ^ 
^ uung'-kong, (to) ;tg 
^ seung-fuung\ "^ g([ 
chaang-aau' . 

Jargon, =^ g^ ngaam'-wa'. 

Jasper, ^ ^ ;ul-yuuk. 

Jatropha, ij>{^|^j t'uung-shue\ 

Jaundice, ^ ^ wong- t-aan. 

Jaunt, ^j ^^ c/i'Mw/-yau. 

Java-sparrow, 5[H] ^ Tvoh- 
Jcuuk. 



Javelin, ^ ^ ^shau-tsin\. 

Jaw, ;^ jj^ nga-ch'ong. 
Jaw-bone, :^ §§ 'pj* nga- 
kwaan-kwut. 

J'^y> sir ^•^'6^'^^- 
Jealous, ;^ ^ /o^-ki\ 
Jealousy, ^ ^ tsat-/<?\ 
Jeer, ^ ^ A/^luung^ ^ 

^ /a'-s;V, glfil A"»-^sjV. 
JEHOYAH, f |1^^ YE- 

WOH-WA. 
Jelly, ^ Y'-|- kivoh-clxwpy 

(animal J )j^ ko, (generally) 

Jeopardy, ^ j^ ngai- /iim. 
Jerk, -jl g lik-;/i7:, ;f3: S^a?/. 
Jessamine, ^ ^l| ^ moot- 

li^/a. 
Jest, ^g ^^ kong-siv^ . 



Jesting, ^§^ 51W -•wa\ 

JESUS, IfU ® Y^-SOO. 

Jet, (fossil) ^3S ^^^^'-y""J^' 
(of water) ^>}';^ she - sAutV 
1^^^ c///i!- shui-siri'. 

J^tty, ,^ ^ nia-*t'au. 

Jew, ^^ ^ ^ Yau-i'«at'- 
yan. 



.lOK 



149 



JUG 



Jewel, 3^ ^ rhan- po, ^ 

Jigger, '^ ^ s/tn-skaf. 
Jingall, ^ ch'uwir/^. 
Jingle, p|p] ^j ^ V<e?m^- 

tuung^-sAf//^, (COL.) ku'inij- 

kwang, kwang-lamj. 
Jinricksha, "^ ff die tsai, 

jinricksha coolie, ^ "0^ 

f^ c/<p /»«» lo. 

Job, (u) — f^ X ^ y«^- 

km^-Jcuuny-foo. 
Job-work, ^ X *^S'?«"- 

kuunf/. 
^Og, :jjj fiiuny\ (along) 5^J 

5^ q: 'ch'au-'ch'au-'Aa. 
•Joggle, ^ ngo. 
Join, ^ lin, ^ ^ liop- 

maai, j^f |,5 iW-/'jy. 

Joint, ^15 ^^*^' (gi"g'y™"s) 

'^ If hrat-*kai\ 
Joint-stock, '^4^ hop-^on. 
Joist, :^|J^ *lau-chan\ :^vfj 

•haang. 
Joke, (to) 









wun 
11 



^ /•o^)/j-yuung, ^ -y^ 
^shong-fa(ii\ 
Jo^^' "® *^ ;''iu-tong', ^ 

Jonquil, ^[[jjl^ ^slud-sm- 

fa. 
Jostle, ^^ ^{^ fnnng^-yuiik. 

Jot, Mfi 7/»2. 

Journal, gg yat-A'i'. 

Journey, ^ ;g lo^-ch'ing, 

^^ ch'ing. 
Jovial, iW^ ^ faai'-ooi. 
Joy, :g: ^ Vii-lok. 
Jubilee, )f|§^ A(?-nin. 
Judea, U^f;^^ Y-AvWaai' - 

kwok\ 
Judge, :g^^ ohn^-ch'aat^- 

sze, ^ ^ 'S^ '^shiun-sze^- 

koon, (to) ^ ^ij '^shum- 

Judgment-day, Uf l] ^ 

^shum-p'-oon -y&i-'^tsze. 
Judicious, ^ tr ^ ^Ao-Va- 



suen 



Jug, ^ )gl i-*P'eng. 
Jugglery, JtS chHk-kfaat\ 



JUP 



150 



KEE 



Juice, )lY chu]), "J^IJ^ clmp- 

tseu?ifj. 
Jujube. ^^ tso. 

uet. 
Jumble, ^2^ ^fa-mm\ ^hj 

jj will) -lucii . 
Jump, ^^ /'m , up and 

down, ijJI BjiJ ITp ngup- 

ngup-*ha . 
Junction, ;j;|^ ^ ^ seung- 

kaau-ch'-ue . 
June, ^5^ ;a\ >^ rtV?^-luuk- 

uet. 
Jungle, ^ :^ ts'uung-lum. 
Junior, /I/* j\z shiu -nin, ^ 

,s7«V, ^ ^ hau''-5/tao;j^. 
Juniper, ^ tJ"^ pin-p^aak'. 
.lunk, ^ shuen, ;^ BR || 

taai'- ngann ^w; sea-going 

salt junk, ^j^ im shuen; 

Bea-going trading junk, ^® 

^ ts'o shuen; sea-going 

fishing junk, ^ \^ ^ 

taai t^oh shuen, 
Jupiter, (planet) 7}^^ muuk- 
, sitig. 



Jttvj, ^ ^ ;2 A V>»^- 

h/ung-chi-jau, ^ ^*^ 
p'ooi- shum-koon. 
Just, ^ 2I£ i'i^^m^-p'ing, 
^ I^ kuung-to^, (adv.) 

7iyaam, [^]|) [ig iow-;- 

Justice, ^ -^ kuimg-to', ^ 
^ kuung-?, (to do) ^ 
,^ ping-kuung, Chief :^ 
^^ Wl ohn^ -ch^aat-sze, — of 
peace ^^ -J;^ shnn-sze^. 

Justify, l^feft ^i-wai-i\ 

Jut-out, li^jdj^l^ tut-cA'wM^ 
lai. 

Juvenile, |^ nuen\ 

K 



Kaleidoscope, 1^ '^ ^ 

maan''/rt-t'uung. 
Kalpa, i^ kip\ 
Keel, 11^ ngo. 
Keen, .|^^J faae-]i\ ^^\] 

shong-lv', ^ ^ kwaan- 
hai\ 



KET 



161 



KIL 



Keep, i^ \^hau, -g laii, j\^ 
i^ shiiH-msLni, 'raj* 5Sf 
sheung- yau, ^ ts'uen, as 
feast — or biith-day, -j^ 
tso^; to keep a feast, ^^1^ 
tso (sit ; to keep the New 
Year, ^ iE^ tao nin; to 
rear poultry, cattle, etc., M[^ 
yeune:; to keep a dog, ^ 
— ''^ 5^ 'yeung y.it chelc 
'irmi; keep quiet, (^ ^j 
^^ ^/iflt ch'uiit shaft f/; to 
keep on tlie person, 1^^ 
\^ chai shaft lai. 

Keeper, ^ ^ J\^ hohn- 

shau-yan. 
Keepsake, ^gj^ jiiu-ki^. 
Kerchief, fjj /can. 
Kernel, "^ wat, -fH van. 

Kerosine, >^ y^ niooi-yau, 
>^^ /b/i-^5/<?a'; one case, 
— ■ ^ y*^^ seung; one tin, 

Ketchup. gj|[ y^ shi'-yau. 
Kettle, :|;^^ L,-ai-*oo,^ ^^0. 



K 



ev. 



^u 5oA-3hi, a 
j (key) — . ji^ //ai t'iu; a 
I Ijuneh — ty^ //rf^ /-^m/7\ 
I Key-hole, ^^BR W-shi- 
ngaan, Jj^^P ^soh ehi 
hau. 
Khan, p|* y^ //o>^-hohu\ 
Kick, ^ <'f^'\ to kick out 
^^}^^--^Pt]c ch'uut hue'; 
to play at shuttle-cock, ^^ 

^ Jjp ^^/C /n /5r,. 

Kid, jJj^Y^ sAort/t-'^yeung- 

Kidnap, "i^ ^^ kiraai-taai' . 

Kidnapper, "j^ ^ ^ kwaai- 

taai^- Jo, i^^^ kivaai- 

tsze- lo, (male): "^-^^ 

kicaai ^tsze p'oh (female). 

Kidney, ^ ^ noi^-shan', 

(of beasts) ^ -^ iu- iszc. 

Kill, jg; ./^^^\ ^ ^ 

shaat'- sze, ij^ ^ ^a- 55?, 
^5P c/iiX'/- .S2«, (animalB) 
glj tong. 
Kiln, g. iu, i^% shiu-iw. 



KIT 



152 



KNE 



Kind,(sort 5^1111' >J^yeung', 



* yeung \ 



'^ wai -oi. 



chuung, 

kindly tell me, P§ |^' fR 

p^^'ra hoi \n wa' 

ngoh chi. 

Kind, (good) ^'t]^^\B 'ho- 

«?o?i-t'in, |^il^> fnuk-sum. 

Kindle, ^ j/^ Vu-^M, ;^ 

^ cheuk-yo//, 5g y^ 

Kiidness, ]^ ,-^ 
Kindred, || ^ U'an-UHk. 

King, 3E ^'°"^'- 
King-crab, ^ hau\ 
Kingdom, ^ kivolc' . 
Kingfisher, %^%^ ^[5 //u'-ne- 
long, (feathers of) ^ ^ 

Kinsnoan, ^ ^ naam Wan. 
Kinswoman, i;^ ^ wvAW-an. 
Kiss, l|^ g ^^ t/n<^^min'- 

cAwp, jgg p^ ts'an-^tsuu 
Kitchen, ^^ ch'ue-*fong. 
Kitchen garden, ^^ i^'oi^ 

uen. 
Kite, (bird) ^ uen, (paper) 

SRgl ^^^'^^i". (to fly) i* 



Knapsack, ^ d^ /?oo?'-*toi - 

Knave, ^^ :^^ ktcong-lcwim ,. 

literally a bare stick; hence, 

i^ PU" ^ A:if«<ii^ Icom^ 
kwong, as bare as a sticky 
i.e., onr "as poor as Job." 

Knead, i^ ch^aal (coL.) ^^ 
nuuk, l^'jjjj ^ nunk ye, 
knead with the feet; ^^ 
[ij H^ nuuk ch^imf ch'eung, 
squeeze the bowels out. 

Knee, Jf .^at, Hf ^^ sat- 
V&u-koh, ^ ~|> sat ha , 
one's children; Bf (Tp 
irp ^7^ ^'^^ ha hang, to 
walk in a hesitating manner. 

Knee-cap (patella) ^g'g* 
sat k'oi kwut, g^ ^ *g* 
sat t'au ^?^w^, or g^ f^ 
55 .sn;^' raaan t'au. 

Kneel, J^^ wat-saf, ^"Jv 
kwai'-ha', ff ^^^ 'fa 
poon sot, to go down on 
one knee. 

Knell, « 
chuung 



song sze 



KNU 



158 



LAC 



Knife, 7J to, (a) — ?g7J 
yat-chewuj-to, — ■ i^ ^J 
yat- pa-to, (pocket-) ^fjr 
to tsui; tlire^-hladerl i^ocket- 
knife, ^ P^ ^ f? 5fww 

Knight B m .g i'^z-t'o-'lo. 
Knit, iQ\^ ,^ (uu-chik, (the 

t'an. 
Knob, ^i 3^ nup-rhue, ^jj 

Knrck, :^ ^/a, :(Q p'aalc, 

Knocking, (cOL.) pop-pop. 

Knot, (to) ^j^ te-A't^ , ta- 
ut, (a) )^|^ ^j/-t'au. Ut'- 
t'au, (in wood) R^ ^ang, 
(any thing small) :|^ nup. 

Know, ^ .Az, ^^J rhi.to\ 
^ s/itA', 1^ ^^ shik-taTc; 
to know a lesson or book 
thoroughly, ^^^ tuuk 
shuk s/«^«. 

Knowledge, J^ |^ kin -shik. 

Knuckle, ^ ^ "^ k"uen- 



/rfl^t - 



Kohl rabi, ^ 
•laan-t'au. 



Label, f^>^ ho -piu, 

j^ ho -t*an- chi. 
Laborious, ^ ^^ san- foo, 

^ ^ k'un-%0. 
Labour, X ^ kuwuj-fooy 

nr. f^ /r//t/'?.r/ ^ioA;'', (to) 

-gUf X ^ i%o -kuung-foo, 

^■p lo-iik,(in-) g£^ 

lum-V^'aan. 
Labourer, X A ^""""^-ja", 

(field-) ^ [fl fg A«^'"i^ 

t'in '?<?. 
Labyrinth, ^^ huuk-chit . 
Labrus, ^ 72 S wong-/'?- 



'ue. 



Lac, ^ /(|| '^fsse-^kang. 



«tn -*^aai . 



Lacerate, i% j^ ^chaan-hm . 
Lack, ^ "^s/a;^, ^ Atm , 4& 



rao. 



Lacker, ^ ^s'a^, (ware) |^ 
IS ts'at-ht . 



LAG 



154 



LAN 



I^*^' ffl S f? ■'^('i'-mun- 
^tsai, -^ t'uung, ^ 4t 
h?iu-shaancy, ^[fl fg ^ 
sai lo koh, my lad! 

Ladder, ^ ^V/i, (a hand-) 

Pin Pai, a ladder reaching 
to the roof; ^^pj t'ai Jica/, 
opening of the stairs; :^ 
)^jl t'f'i I'fiik , foot of the 
ladder; t^^i|g t'ai'tsze 
fotic/^, steps or rungs of a 
ladder: _tl^^ sheung 
T\ an Pai, to become a Hanlin. 
Lade, (to load) ^ -^ lok- 

foh\ (to \\h)-^foo\ g 

'iu. :gft /•»/. 

Ladle, ::|;'(j sZ/euk , -^ chtuk , 
hok . 



00. 



Lake, ^ 

Lamb, ^S:^^ min-*jeung- 

^sfli'. ^^ ko. 
Lame, fflj^ ^P pni-keuh . 
Lament, P^*|^ Paan-sik, §5 

^ huuk-so , 
Lamentfible, "pT "^ hoJt-oi. 
Lamp. »)^ /rt;i^, ^ »)^ chaan- 

*)^ ""■ ngaan-^dfn^, (lamp 
mender's street cry) §f *JI^ 

/an//, t.P., Lamps to mend! 
Lamp-chimney, J^ '^ tow^- 



*t'uung. 



Lady, ^ neung, gjjjgj^ sze- 
naaiy Wi -Wj naai-naaiy 

^ A Z'^^-y^"' 0^ young 

unmarried lady) ^^ ^oo 
neung, or /\\ ^^ "^sim ^/se. 

Lady-day, ^^^ rliHiun fun. 

Lady's maid, :g5tg|^^ s^o^- 
t'au-* ma. 

Lag, ^ ^ ^ lok-hau -pin . 



Lamp-shade, >)l^ _^ to?i(7- 

Lamp-wick, ^l^>|^\ tang-ium^ 
Lamp-black, ^^jf^ oo-in. 
Lampoon, ^;^ paak-cA'a«w. 
Lance, ^ ^ /s'^/^np-maau. 
Lancet, ^^^ hoi-ch-ong- 

to. 
Land, ;tft ti\ (cnltivated) g" 

t'in, (by) :^ Jg 'hohn-lo\ 

(to) Jl^ 'sheung-ngohn . 
Landing-place, ^ ^5 po - 

*'''^"> 1^ SB "^^a-tS^n. 



LAN 



156 



LAS 



Landlord, J^ ^ uu/c- chue, 

3^g^ i\-\hue, (of an inn) 

j^ i /jw - fflUC. 
LaiidacaiH', -^fe "^^ hvoiig- 

^kiivj, ^J ;f; ^1- s/iafl;;- 

s/iwi- king. 
Land-tax, [JJ ^ t'in shuC, 

Lams ^ •hong\ ^^ ^ 

laang-*iiong . 
lian^'uape, f^^ 'wa , (speecli) 

pi ^^ /iatti/um. 
TianirnMl. jjj|jj -^ shiui-kucu , 

Laiiii, [TIJ ??!//>. jjil /«^^^ . 

Lauteru, f^ ^ /r//?^-luung, 
i^ence '^ ^ /j]] 7'a«.^ 
luung-fAaw Luuteia Island, 
t.f., Kellett Island, from its 
shape;|j^^or|3'jg:%»or 
/wt (auf/. light the lamp; |J^ 

pnt out the lamp; ^j^ ^ tan^ 
/sjY\ the feast of Lanterns; 
(proverb) jtlf,:?^^^ 
^^ tang hoi fa ngau /-wai /ca, 
when the lamp gets a snuff 
the family will get rich. 



Lap, fj^^;^ sat-t*9.\x-shue , 
# M ■•<'inam-p% (to) ^ 
Urn, (c»L.) ton'. 

Lapel, ^^ yum. 

Lapse, j[|^ /v/'oA . 

Larboard. ^ ^ eliuen- AsoA. 

Lard, ^ y{Jj r//<<a-yau. 

Large, "^ 'vai . 

Lark, ^ ^f^ /wf//c'-ling, |lj 
l^lf, ^^ shian-mpk-tseick . 

Larknpur, ^ ^ VCt '^^'^•" 

tseuk-Ja. 
Larva, ^^ [|^^ ta'ai-tB'o, ^ 

ch'uung. 
Lascivious, y^'! ^ yum-luen , 

^? @- '''^^ ^''■'^'' 

Lash, ^111 ;,m; tlfS + IK 
/rt /^-i^e shapy^t/?, give him 
ten hf^hea. 

Last, ^ moot, J^ Sni, }^ 
^ snin- wji, (year, &c.) ^ 
tsok, ^ kau , (to) ^ 
Pfe )trn/-t8'uen, -^ lau, 

it will last well, SJ^ ^ 
k'-am shdi. 
Last, (a) ^;^ haai-/i?/w . 



lAU 



156 



LAW 



Latch, (a door-) n^moo"- 
Late, )l 



'S maau 

aan , 



ch'i, '1' 



(in the day) ^ 

JJffi aai-mann, aai-^' maan, 

(at night) '^ ye . 
Lately, |g; ^^ kan'-loi, |^ 

^[^ tsiin -Nj'n. 
Latest, ^ ^ c/»'-hau\ ^^ 

|Bj chi-san. 
Lath, yfv Jr 1^"!"^^-^''"^'' i^ 

«c^/^\ (to) g ja >1^ >r 

k'oi ^i rauuk j///2. 
Lath and plaster wall, j|g@ 

Vra-ts'eung. 
Lathe, ^ )|^ rAV-ch'ong. 
Latitude, t-ihlf K ti'-St'^t- 

to . 
Lattice, ^"^^ ^/aa?w-wat- 

ngaan-li. 
Laudable, ^ HJS ^'«"'^'- 

tak-hvoh . 
Laudanum, ^|jrffi «-J»'»'i'- 
tsau. 



Laugh, ^ ."!»«/, a loud 
laugh, ^ ^ taai' siu'; 
to laugh iu one's sleeve, 
fg] -^ i'a?^ s/«/'; to laugh 
immoderately, •^ 5E A. 
siw' 's-e yan; USjOpJ A^ 
/loA Ao// taai^ sia\ noisy 
laughter; ^ @ p^. «»"' 
/n" A/, loud laughter; ^-js^ 
A Q .sju' taai' yan hau, 
laughed at by every body; 

^5 ^1 Bl: iil !^'^'' ^^' '<''*' 

tsHk\ or ^ '^ ^ «»"' 
7uen ch'eung, to split one's 
sides with laughter. 
Laughable, ^ ^ ^ho-siu. 
Laughing stock, ^^ siu - 
peirg, mg smn-*moo\. 
Laurel, ;jf| Ai^'fli , ^ ^ 

taan-kwai . 
Lavish, :^ ^ p'o/i -/a» . 
Law, j^ :^ /«a^'-luat, :^ 
^l] luut-lai\ (to go to) ff 
^ a\ ta-koon-sze. 
Lawyer, ^ g]^ chong'-s«?. 
Law -suit. 'gl^ Z'Oo;i-tBUung', 
^ /^ij: oAH'-*kin\ 



LEA 



157 



LEA 



Lawsonia, ^g Pp :J£ ^chi- 
kaap -fa. 

Lax. ^ simnj, (morally) i[^> 
^ sum-suung. 

Laxative, |Jj|; ^)J ^ mi-li^- 
yeuk. 

Lay, (to) Jj^ ']^ >n/-'ha, 
(up) li^ ts'oiio:, #1 i^ 
ts'ono^-maai, ^f ^ c/u/i- 
niaai. 

Layer. ^ ts'ang. 

Lazy, ^^ 'fg- 'laaii-toli'. 

Lead, ^[i- ueri, ^ ^ hak- 
uen, (the) ^ |£ /?^m'- 
•t'oh. 

Lead, (to) ^ 'van, ^| ^ 
Van-to\ ^ /rmi^ (l,y the 
hand) ^ "oh. \^ ^ toh- 
chue\ jjjjj^^fg t'ohc\\w^ 
'k'lic, lead liini on! ^^ 
jfjt t'oh taai ^!ia, htlp nae 
on a little; ffi M^ g fg 
^'M t'ip" kwofi' 'k'ue, had 
to borrow fron", him. 

Leader, ^ g t'au-mimk. 

Lead-pencil, ^ ^ nen jmi. 

Leaf, ^ ip, (of a book) jg 



Leaf-fan ^ ^ k'wai-sAin*. 
League, (combine) ^|^ ^ 

luen-liop. 
League, (10 'li) ^^(, t'ong- 

Leak, '|^ ^ lau -^aJnii, ^ 

*^ •'^'/"J -lau . 

Lean, g 5/ar//, g p|j- g 

maang /':om^ shuu\ as lean 

as agrasshopper; (to) ;^f^lj 

chaap-cAa-^, (upon) '{^^ 

i-cheuk, i^)^ '/flt-maai. 

Leap,||^"<V.(over)^na«/K\ 

Leap-frog, |g^^f^.^^W- 

c/(!«(?-yuuk-*t'oi. 
Leap-year, f^^ yuun' nin. 
Learn, ^ hok, (and practice) 

^ ^ hok-tsaap, (begin 

to) Jh ^ slieung-hok. 
Learned, f^ ^ y/o/;'-hok. 
Lease, Kt'^/at, (to) ^ ;!^ 

/so-yum\ 
Least, ^ /\\ chi^-^siu, (the 

least quantity) ^xf f^ ^ 

Wc-kohi^-toh, (not the) |ffi 

^»T mo-tik. 

Leather, ^^ J^ shuuk-p'i. 



LEE 



158 



LEG 



Leave, (to) |f| ^f] li-pit 

li, (tbingK) fg lau\ nfi 
]aai\ (alone) ^ ^ yaa- 
/a/c ,• leave him alone I ^ 

^ f§ fg 'iii Jf^u ^^'/^ 
Vae ! (to take) ^§1] Z^/^ 
pir, (to ask for) |'^ jg 
''ts'eng-ka\ -^(g /l'^'' ^^<'! 
How much leave do you 
ask for ? % ^ -ti, ^ 
^fl^ ui /'r? ?7if<^ 'ye jtrt 



ni ? 01' 



(Ix^^i 



T)01 



ka'? or ^ ^ ^ jg 



A.0 At ^A yat Icit'? 
(permission) g:^ ^^^ '^hiie- 
chuwi; to obtain leave, 
J^ I W ^^^^ y^"^ ts'euo- 
Leaven, ||: Z-aau^ ^ 
^tsaihpeng, (to) ^ g|: 

Lecherous, jif ^ //o'-p'iu. 
Lecture, ^ Qt Icong-shue. 
Ledge, (on a wall) ^ n^firjo, 

(of rocks) Tntfi shek-t'oi. 
Ledger, g |[J .^ /am/-A-t^ 

*po\ 

T^ee,"7:jg^ ^ ha'-//<M«y-*pin^ 



Leech, <^ ^ ngau-k'i, ^ 

Jig k'i-'7,r 

Leek, ^ ^ kau-ts'-oi' . 
Leer, -^ g^ ^ /»/-'ngaan- 

Lees, f^ c^fl, 5)y[ ngan\ 
Left, the 'j^ tsoh, (what is) 
^^J ue-shing'; left hand. 

Left handed '[Kl^^ Wrt- 
tsoJi-yaan. 

Vm' (calf) lllj] jHJ. /re?/A;^ 
/.;?/;a, ^ ^ kmk^-nong. 
Leg of mutton, ^^ jeung- 

Legacy, jg ^J gj ij^ ^ai- 

fAi«</:-ts'oi-mat. 
Legal, ^:^ \fi\ iAm\ 
Legation, ^;g|gjp^ yxm- 

c7i'a«i-nga-*iiJoou. 
Legend, -^ ^ ';;o()-""ue. 
Leggings, ^ |j( ^'o'->o\ 
Legislate, |g j^lj M'/^'-!ai\ 
Legislative council, ^^0^]^ 

ting^-lai'-kuuk. 
Legitimate, (proper) Jj^ 

ching^y ^ cheuk. 



LEP. 



1511 



LEV 



Leisure, fj^ hann, 

haan-ha\ (at) ^ [|!) A?/-- 
haai), hence pjj A ^)ll 
haan van mm /.s'k;<// , no 
admittance I 

Leisurely, J'S ilfi maan''- 



*maBn^ 



■^ llill.<i-»a/z^;2^. 



Lemon. |>j^ ^^ 

Lemonade, |i^ |^ ^>f^ ning- 
miiuiig- shut. 

liemur, ^ '^|'| i/au-aat^ . 

Lend, fa ^' /«e'-;jn^\ >^- 
jl t..^-kuoh\ fg tt{ ^ 
At i&^ /s/^''' ch'unt ngaa 
shanij sik, to put money 
out at interest. 



Lengthwise, i^ -^ ts'nung 



ch'euno-, 



^ ^ ch'eung- 
pin\ {Ij nm'. 
Lenient. '^ '^^fuon-shue^. 
Lens, 3^ J[|fj jg ;w//-li-8ui\ 

Lent, ]l}i-i'[iZ^m 

iz^ shap yat /re ^7io«t k'i. 

Lentil, ^ ^ ;'/?i-"tau\ 
TiCopard, ^ ^ '|{« ^7<m- 

ts'in-jtJ'rtff?;'. 
Leprosy, ^^, ;J|[ m^-fming. 
Leprous. ^^ '^^faat'-fuung. 



Less, /J\ a?w, ]|^/J\ haiig^- 

siu, A^ shin. 
Lessen, Jf^ -^ kaam- shiu. 
Lessen, ^^ yiy/<\ (daily-) 

Lest, ^^^t6 ^fi^iuwi-p'a\ ^ 

$v 'inin-c/?t^. 
Let, ^:^ yau-M. 'g: yum', 

(loose) ^ suu/ty, (alone) 
P/|tP^ 'inai-^aw', (rent) [fj 
'^jf^f c/ruut-jam\ This house 
tVlet: ^ M Hi ^ kat 
nk ch'init ynm\ 

Lethargy, j^^ ch'um-kooi\ 

Letter, (cbameLt r) _z- tsze\ 
(epistle) ^ -(g >wn^- 
swni'', ^ -^ ahiie-.mun^ , 
(rigid foUowiug of the) ^^ 
^P kaai- szp. 

Lettuce, ^ ^ sluvig-ts^oi^. 

Levee, ^ ^'J tsoh'-ch'iu, 
ts'oh-ch'in. 

Level, ^ p'ing, ^ jH P'i°o- 
ching\ (to find the) :J7^ 
^ ^a-p*ing- sA7«. 

Lever, ^ /f" ;|^ ts'in-kan- 
tak, ^ ^ kiu^-tak. 



Lie 



160 



LIF 



Lever-watch, ,1^ ^|^ ^ k*e- 

Levity, ^ ^. Am//-pok. 
Lexicon, "^ ^ tsze' *^/m. 
I-'evy, :|^ ch'au ; levy taxes, 

i^ fS rA'/T// shui^ levy 

troops, J^^ ^ f//i» jt7ui//. 
Lewdness, ^ i>'in. 
Liable, (for) ^\^^ slii'-mun^ 

(to) :^ [jg Van 

''hitn. 

Liar, ^ -A SS n|t '^'''"^- 
taai^-wa^-/i-e\ 

Libel, ^ ::g waai'-raing. 

Liberal, ^J^ yan-hau\ g^ 
'^P^ "t^^^-^Aof-Afl^ (in poli- 
tics) jj ;^ taat-k'uen, 
liberal preieut. J^^M bnii 
lai: liberal reward, ^^ 
^cli'uun.e: ^^hmng. 

Liberate, ^ J^ shik-fong\ 

Liberty, g ^ tsze^-yau. 

Library, (tlie room) ^ ^ 
3Aue-'*fong, (tbe books) ^ 
^ «Autf-tBik. 

Lice, ^ skaf, $J ^ <»>ij^ 
sAa^, or Ipj^"^ p'olt!' shat, 
to crack lice. 



License, (a) ^^^^ rhup-chiv^, 

(to) -(^ ^ |am^-ts'uun^; 

to issue a license, ^^ ^^ 

cW-wd p'aai. 
Licentious, ^ j||^ fony'- 

tsuimg^, j^0i yum-yat. 
Lichen, ^ t'oi, y^S- shek- 

Li-chi, ^j j^ W^-chi, (best 

«°''t^) W^M "Oh'- mai- 
ts'ze, ^^ ^ /i^?/;;-*ip. 

Lick, (to) =gj^ ^/t>;j, ^ shaai, 
(the fiuKers)^ ^% ^ ^ 
shuen- shau- chi. 

Lid, ^ Jcoi^, (put on a) ^Jj 
>^ hom''-chne\ 

Lie, (down) H|^ ~[\ min-ha\ 
ill li] M fun'-'to.shue\ 
(to tell) ^ ;^ fS '^-c^?^- 
taai'-wa', (a) |{g ^ y^/jy 
in, y^ ^ taai^-\va\ 

Lieutenant, ^|| foo^. 

Life, ^ skamifi, ^ -^ 

sAafl??^-meng'', '['^"nn **''^'" 
ming\ 
I^ift, :j^^ ch'au-" hi, ^ 
/»;?i5- /li, (off or up) 



kHn. 



k'ie 



LLM 



161 



LL\ 



Light, (not heavy y ^^ heiiff, 
(in colour) ^ ts'm, (the 
li^'it) ^ A:<r.)//^, (briiifr a) 
Sl5 ^ 5fc '//^//->/t-Iai, (to 



light) ppfi '/i>w, i^ t'aH\ 



ik> 



(ah'gliL) -^ lok. 
Lighthoiisu, i)^ ^ iaixj- 

factp\ 
Lightning, ^^fe tin'-Z'ww;^, 

len(f-foh. 
Like, (resembling) ^{J^ "Ao- 

t8'ze,(to) tj'j^ chuung-i'. 
Likely, ;fy^||5 tttai'-/i;'oi\ ^ 

-jS |^j\ //•a'-hai'-/r/m\ 
Likfci.ftis. IJ^ f^rm,;:j;g 'aeimtf, 

'^k *tseung\ 
Likewise, T/J^ yik, ^ yau\ 
Lilac, ^ ^ S ^s'/;?^-*lin- 

I^'lj' 'B^'o'-fE pnaJc' -hoy-fa, 
(water-j ^ :^ lin-/a. 

Limb, flj fl c/i/-'/'a/. 

Lime, Bfifooi, gj ^ AoA-^ 
/b'?*, ^^ she k-/i:>o», (fruit) 
;^ 1^ ning-wj?/w?i^. 

Lime-kiln, Jjf^ ^fooi iu. 

Lime-stone, ^ ^ /boi-ahek. 



Lime water, ^ ^ y^C siiek 

Limit, 15 p kam'.hAau\ \i^ 
haau\ to hinit to four days, 

a limited jieriod, K^ ^ 
hcTun^ k'i. 
Limited, i^ ^ Vi»-haan'; 
a limited Company, 7^ 

ER 4^ hI ya" haan^ 
Jcuunr/ tzp. 

Limp, (a) ^ jj^ kat-7^«/^'^ 

Limpefe, ^ ^ V'''-*loh. 

Line, 1^^ sin\ (stroke) J 
waak. ' 

Linen, f^ .^ ma-;w^• fine- 
linen, ^^ gi :f]j 5fli' ma 
po\ 

Linger, ^ Jg tau'-Iau. 

Linguist, ^ ^ f'uu)ig-*sze^. 

Lining, |g ^ ^H-X, ^ 
'li. 

Link, (a) ^g ^^ lin-waan, 

(to) :Jn iili /*^'«"'-Iin. 

Linseed, j^)^ jfjji, "5- oo-ma- 
V.., (oil) iSlj -J- vft 00. 
fs^e-yau. 



LIT 



162 



LO 



Lint, (cloth) ^|j|^l]j 'fca- 

Lintel, f^ ;|^ t'iu-mi. 

Lion, ^^ ^ s.ze- tsze ; ran 
against a lion's nose, i.$., 
jTovdktd -A dangerous man, 

ts'a/i sze tsze [)\ ; liis liair is 

like a lion's mane, ■'fj^ |^ 

^ sza horn t'an. 
Lioness -^ ^j^ mo szc. 
Lip, p J^ 7/7M-shuun. 
Liquid, yk ^^ shuiAw?. 
Liquidate, (accounts) "^ ||jj 

tsHng-sho^ . 
liiquor, (spirits") "j^ '^tsau. 
Liquorice ■H' v^ koin-^fso. 
List, (^ Q .'iu-muuk. 
'listen, ^ffl Ji ■^«^'-^'-"/7, §4^ 

^w^-^lia, ^^ ^ta-t'eng. 

Listless, ^-Ci^l^" '^nio-s'''»- 

t^eng. 
Literally, iH^ r.hing^-^konn^ 

^ pg t,sz« -*min\ IE® 



fi'/-*aiin\ 



Literary, ^ ^ hok-mun, 



S2e-raun. 



Literati, ^'^^y/^ tuuk-sAwe- 
yan, ^t}|} ;;[^ !<ha i-*8ze'*. 

Literature, ^ ^ luun-mak. 

Lithar^^e, jj^^ f^ t'oh-san^. 

Litigation, ^^ g^ chaang- 
tsuung . 

Little, ^jjj sai', yj> dii, (a) 
IJ^ /t/r, (a very) ^{| p^ 
^ 7ik-Jco?n^-foh; very little, 
^ ^ ll5 ^shiu ^shiu ti. 

Live, ^ i^hnang, ^ cot, 
(dwell) -^ cbue ; to live 
in retiremeiir, ^^ ^ haan 
hue; to live long, ^ ^ 
cli'eung meng\ 

Live stock, ^ i^ chuulc- 
shnnng, ih p /iMtng- hau. 

Livelihood, jj^ Q kwoh^-y&t, 
(seeking a :^B^|@ Wj- 
t'au-lo^ :^^g^ ^u-an-kai\ 

Lively, y^ j^ oii-]i^oot^ ; as 
lively us a slirimp, ^ ^^ 
ptj ^^ shaang ha kom 

Liver, ^ kohn, (col.) //Mun. 
Livid, ^ ^ tx'eng-liak. 
Lizard. ^f| i^'g im-'*8he. 
Lo ! ^% Va.-na I 



LOG 



163 



LON 



l^oacl., ,% ^ oo-ne. 
Load, (u) ^ t(iam\ ;{|g ^ 

faam^-^fszf', ^ Asoi', (to) 

^'^ chonq-foli!' . 
Load-stoiir. :^3g s///y-8hek. 
Loaf, H rj^ iniu'-t'aii, ^ 

Loafer, ^^^ lo-*keuk\ 
Loan, ^f^' fse-chaai\ (put 
out to) [U ^g ch^uut-Ue\ 
Loathe, 'fg- <|g^ '.sa?i<7-im'. 
Loathsome, p) ^ ^hoh-oo\ 
Lobby, n P @ uioon-'Aaw- 

Lobe, (ear-) '^ ^ 'i-'^t»A, 
;h: 4J ^i-tsim, ^i-toung. 

Lobster, ^ $g luung-Aa. 

Local, — ^ yat-fong, ynt- 
fong-]c6\ (of this place) j^ 
'«'<>, :Z|5: ift >on-*ti\ 

Lock, (a) j£ H >-SoA, 
(with a latch or bolt) "^ 
^ ^hvai-^sohy (of a canal) 
^^ 'sA?«-chaap, (to)<g 
;OT 'sflA-maai. 

Locust, jg^ wong-ch'uung. 



Lodire, (to) g);!fg Int'-.muk, 
^ chwi\ (house) ^ j£ 
hit'-tun\ 



ue 



Lodger, 



hit^-haak\ 



Lofty, ,g, /7>. 

Log, ;^ gp munk-t'au. 

I^ogic. if iiili :$: Jl Pin'- 
luuu^c/a-^ii, f ^ |& ji 
pin'-luun'-//rt^\ 

LOGOS, ^ TO'. 

Loins, |g /'. yJ^^ ^sin-Uni. 

Loiter, ^ ^^ uui'-lau', ^ 
p^ 1^ /(//i-/oA-tsuen\ 

Lonely, '^^ ^laaug-lok, J|[ 
^ A;oo-tuuk. 

Long, (in space) -^ ch'eung, 
(in time^ ^ -^ ch'enng- 
^kau-^kni. jgj ^'noi\noi*, 
(to) #^ ft luen'-moo'. 
v^ 5te[ Ac/// -^spung ; old 

"chu.m,'' :R^^tt- 

ch'eung ^/'^w '^foh hi . 
Long-ells, p^ ^% pvt-ki. 
Longevity, ^ g ch'eung- 

iihau\ 
Longitude, J:;Jl@g i?-king- 

to\ 



LOO 



164 



LOT 



Longsufferiug, ^, jjB V««- 



noi . 



Look, ^ hohn\ ^ 't^ai, 
to look steiidily at a man, 

tin<;'Sigaan'iv/?[ofmong ] 

van" (carefully) g| g Pl^ 
i//-aan-ZV-'ha, (down- 
upon) l^ aa ^p'ai-'ngai, 
to look ioi- a livelihood, :ji^ 
-eu-^ '^iran faan shik. 
Lookin- glass, ® ^ mi"'- 

Look-out, (place) gg f^ 
nioug'-lau, lience, The 
Observatory, ^ ^W 

Loom, (a) -^)^y^'t-hcni. | LosB,^^jr^ «^^«"r/-^-^ai ' 
Loop, i^ftSI "^'"-^«««. P: I gt Aa-/."»«^; I «^_^^_J 

Loop-hole, ^ft ^ ^/^««^^ 
, j^p ts'eung-'/i«i', iSS? 

lau'-/«'. 
Loose, ^ .5WMH/7,®: '^«^^' 

* ^^«-"'^^ ^^^ f^' ^ '^;;,' xt S|^...^ch'au. 
.oat .launch) 11?.^ -|^ 



Lop off, gj] -^ koli£-hue\ 
Loquacious, ^O toh-^haUr 

^ [^ /oA Vsi(.. 
Lo(|uat. i|^ liS \o-hcut, \iy\^ 

tE IS p'i-p'a-Vrw'o/i. 
Lord, 3£ 'f/'''^, ^^l^e House 

of Lords, :^H JllftK^ 

ying liiroli sheuug' i^ 

Lore,^Pt9 hokiuau ,^ jg; 

AtrtrtU'' to . 

Lose, ^ s/m^ 5i ^ ^ai- 
s;»aA (in trade) jfgit: shit- 

>#n, (in a game) || s/i?^^; 

to lose colour, ^ fe 



loss how to do it, ^ ^ 
%ffft Sigo 'mchiUim 



tso^ 



Lost, :;^^ '«^-^»''»'' :^T 



LOV 



165 



LUC 



Lottery ticket, Q 

piu, (to open a) pi 

piu; ^Innila lotLery ticket, 



Uo- 



^ hoi- 



g«« 



Tjt 



liie snung ptii ; 



examination lottery ticket 
(in conneccion with the 
8urnarae« of the snccessfnl 
metropolitan graduates),^ 
j^ ^ wai' seng^ pii{. 

Lotos, ^ :^ lin-/a. 

Loud, -^ ^S taai'-s^rn^. 

Lounge, (to) ^ ^ ^saan- 
yat, ^ ^ haan-*^5afln. 

Louse, g^ aAa/, ^^ shat- 

Lout, ^^ ^ 'laan-'?o. 
Love, ^ m\ (tenderly) @ 

oi\ (reverently) ^ ^ 
Tiing^-oi'; thanks to your 
kindness, ^ fj^ j|^ ^ 
muung'^ni kicoh^ oP; don't 
like, don't care for, hence, 
don't want, P§ ^ 'm oi^. 
Love-apple, ^^i^ kum- 
W\n-kai. 

12 



Low, ^ tax, @ W, ^;»-, 
(water) ^fC ^ ^§ '«Aut- 
^o/m-maan\ 

Low, (to) ^ IJiJ. ngau-A:iV. 

Loyal, J[^0 chuung-suun\ 

Loyalty, J*. j\^\ chuung sum. 

Lubber, ^j ^ \ /we^-yeuk- 
yan, "^^^JUJ^ taai^-^iiun^- 
*wa; He is a lubber, -fg 
fii ^ pp 'l^'uc hai^ /z^^^ 
jhvi ; you lubber ! -ir B^ 
$g taai' t'au ha. 

Lubberly, ^ JI? ^ shang- 
sha-shat, ^'^ f^ taai'- 
J3a^yuung\ 

Lubricate, )^{^ yuun'-waat, 
^ '^ Viw^-waat, 

Lucid, H^ ^ ming-Ieung\ 
^ ^ miug-^long. 

Lucifer-match, Q 5^ ^ 

Luck, Jg>(fc tso'V, -^Jg 

ming'-wan', (good) jfj^ 
1^ Ao- ts^oi-sho . 
Luckily, ^ ^ 'ho-'ts'oi. 



LUK 



166 



LUR 



Lucky, ^ kat, ^ hang , y^ 

shi, j^ tseung; very lucky, 
^ ^fe aaP A:a^; a lucky 
day, -^ Z:;«^ yat ; a 
lucky dream, Y^^ tseung 
muung'; a lucky matter, ^ 
^ katB,ze; T^ljTfjgg li' 
(lai^) shi ts'in, a fee or 
present of cash, given at the 
Nevr Year or funerals, for 
luck. 

Lucrative, |^ ^ faat'-ts^oi- 
ke , 

Lucre, ^^J ^ li' yik ; filthy 
lucre, f^ 7^1] oo \i\ 

Lucubration, ^ ^ -f^ ^ 
tsing -ye -/so^ -mun. 

Ludicrous, i^f ^ Ao-stM . 

LuflF, iJl ^J jt?'flan-'t«oh, 
^^ ll^ maan- t'aai. 

Luggage, ^ ^ hang-'li. 

Lugubrious, 5^ ^ shau- 

Lukewarm, ^ "^ ^ ^ 
poon - laang-jooort -Jt,j!^';^ 
f^ laang- nuen-Zcaaw. 



leuk-stfc. 

§ iu-kwut- 



Lull, 
Lumbago, 

t^uung . 
Luminaries, (the 3) ]^ ;3fc 

saam-kwong. 
Luminous, 3fc 0^ kwong- 

ming. 
Lump, i^ /aai , |^ kau ; a 

lump {i.e., piece) of beef, — • 

'•IS "^ 1^ y^'ff(^C'^ ngaa 
yuuk, (to) ^ :^ laap - 

muai. 

Lunatic, ^ ^ /aa^ -^m, 

lunatic asylum, im. |5^ ^t^ 

c ' 

uen. 

Lunch, ^ ^ aan' chaic', 

Sfi rta? '^»''w ««^» A^ "^ 
'stM shik; to lunch, •^ ^ 

shik ««;;' or ^P^\]^ shik 

Lungs, BJl5|5/«/.;fe«, Hifigf 

fai - foo; lungs and liver, 
z.e., most inward thoughts, 

ffi W Z"^^" /^«^"- 
Lurch, ^ ^J ta-thak. 

Lurk, ;^ '^ maai-fuuk. 



I 



LYC 



167 



MA.C 



11 



Luscious, i^^^ kom-mi , ^ 
'^SE: it. fim-num-nuin, g: 
■^ slium^ kom, -J^^ tat,-' 

^'^s*^' ^ ^ yuuk-'M, 
'in yuuk ts'ing, (after) 
^ ^'flflTw-^'o, ig- ^ Bhi' 
yuuk, ^ ^ yuuk 'sewiff. 

Lustre, 3^ A;M'on^, ^ J'g* 

Lustring, ^,^ ^ jfet/m j3o'; 
mixed lustring, ^^i'a^^^ 
joo'; flowered lustring, 



Lycopodiura, ^ :jcQ ^Art/^- 
jj'oa* , (involvcns) j^ :fe 
:|^^ niaan^ nin ts'uuug. 

^J^t iS^ kaan-^shui, (aedi- 
ment) ^fj? kaan-sha. 

I^ye, ^ j^ saam-*in, (to 
play)^^-£^ t'aan-saam- 



•in. 



/s'oi Zrwf/i'; glazed 
lustring for paintings, ^ 
]^^ wa' hwv'; yellow silk, 
/.e., an imperial order, ^ 
]^^ wong knot'. 

p'oh-p'oh-soA -soh . 
Luxurious, -^ ^ ho^-faan\ 
^ Jl A:»u-lok, ^'^ c^'.. I 



Lyrics, fp] [J{) t'sze-A;'Mw^, 

M 

Macao, '^f^ 6>'*-*moon. 
Macaroni, ^ i]ji 1^^ fuung- 

sum-^fun, >^^ '//m-'t'ln. 
Mace, (one) — ^ yaf-ta'in. 

(of nutmegs) § ^ ^Jg 

tau -Ti''au -fa. 
Macerate, >[&«?/, S'lE 'lif^l a«' 



Lyceum, ^ 
Lychnis, J^ 
•yan. 



fe» 



ch'-efo&'. 
shue uen. 



ue- mi- 



laan ; to macerate or steep 
in liquor, ^gg yuung' 
^tsaic aic'; to fry an eel 
steeped in pork fat, i.e., to 
whip a bov with % rattan, 

Shin au^ chice yuuk; soaked 
till it is rotten or till it 
stinks, Jg ^J P^ an' to" 
ch'aii'. 



MAG 



168 



MAH 



Machination, ^ ^ ^»-man, 

^ ^ ^^'^ mail. 
Machine, ^ ^ ki-ht . 
Mackerel, g^ ^ ch'i-*ue. 
Macroura, $g Aa. 
Maculate, ^ ))^ im-oo, 3^ 

Mad, j£ k'woDg, g g 

faat -k'wong; mad with 

drink, :^^J '^fsau kw'ong; 

bibliomania, ^ ^^ shue 

kw'ong. 
Madam, (respectfully) ^^ 

naai-*naai. 
Madder, ^ ^ sin - fe'o 

(Rulia Munjista) ^ ]^ 

;y^ sin^ ^6'o Tcayi. 
Made, ^ "J* tec - liu, tso - 

A»M, tso -he . 
Maggots, (to breed) ^ ^ 

shang-ts'ue, At ^ shang- 

ch'uung; maggot in grain 

^1t ^ mai ch'uung. 
Magic, ^ :^ mo-shuut, 

^#j/««^'shimt, ^Ijtj 

»M shuut. 
Magistracy, ^[(^^S ts'uun 
li Peng. 



Magistrates, ^)J^ koon-foo^ 

—Police, J£3lfJ ts'Qun- 

li-/oo; the magistrate says, 

Magnanimous, ^ ^ ho- 

haap. 
Magnates, "^ ^ ^ taai - 

yan-^a, -/^ ^ taai"* shan, 

-js^\, taai^ yan. 
Magnet, ^^ ^ ship -shek, 

^ ^ naam-c/iwrn. 
Magnificent, y^~/r bo -taai , 

i^ ^ wa-lai . 
Magnify, -^ ^ '^ying-td^&C , 

^ ~/c cAin^-taai . 
Magnitude, ^ "^ ;;/\^ yeuk- 

^o/tw-taai . 
Magnolia, (fuscata) ^^'^ 

hom-stw -/a, (conspicna) 3E 

^ yuuk-laan, (pumila) ^ 

-^ ye -•hop. 
Magpie, (Pica rustica) !^ 

=§4 %-ta'euk . 



Mahogany, (Chinese) ^ ^f; 
sAwm-muuk, (flower — pride 
of India) :g: ,g :^ '/bo- 
\in-fa. 



MAI 



169 



MAJ 



Mahommedanism, [gj [g] ^ 
Ooi'*ooi-kaau ; Chinese 
MahomracdanB, Tungani, 
[51 ^ ^°' mun; non- 
Cbineae (turbaned) Ma- 
hommedans, U §5 [Q |e] 
oh'in fan ooi ooi ; Moslems, 
[jgj -^ ooi tsze; the eight 
Mabommedan cities in 
Chinese Turkestan, [jjj jj^ 
/^ ooi shing 2?rta/\ 

Maid, (serrant) ffi^ ^aAa»- 
?woot, (old) i^^fc 'lo-* W. 

Maiden, ;J;^ t'uung-^nue. 

Mail, (armour) ^^ Aaap'- 
chau . 

Mail, (letter carrying) ^ yik, 
*^ ^ ^flflt -8uun . 

Maim, ]g g^ tB*aan-ife'a(ji\ 
'^^Jj^'U® sheung ts'aan 
cAt t'ai. 

Main, (principal) ;;/i^ taai', 
iE cA»V, (the bulk) ;;H;|| 
t&ai'- t'ai, (moat important) 



^5M» -iu : the main 



object, ;^ — -f^^ taai' 
ya< kin^ 8ze\ 



Main-spring, ^ ^ /oai - 
•t'iu. 

Maintain, |^ i^ A;<?o'- shau, 
'gj :g! V<^-t8'uen, ^ /^ 
joo-chne . 

Maize, (in the cob) -^ ^ 
paau-suuk. 

Majestic, J^^ wai-im. 

Majesty, ^ ^ ?i'rtt sAa»'; 
awful majesty, ^ ^ /<?(? 
wat; His Majesty the 
Emperor, -^^"^ taai* 
wong tai^, ^ "^ ^vong 
tai^^ ^^Jl wong sheung^; 
His Majesty the Emperor 
who abdicated, ^ J^ ^ 
^'arrt' sheung' wong ; Her 
Majesty (late or present) 
the Empress Dowager, ^ 
"^ J5^ w'ong Vaai^ bau' ; 
Her Majesty the Empress, 

Majority, (of age) ^ "X 
Bhing-f»n^, (greater number) 
^ ^ taai' poor)\ 



MAK 



170 



MAN 



Make, (principally with man- 
ual labour), -fflr tso\ ^ 
ching; (principally with 
mental effort), 'f-^ tsoTc , 
(a Btory) ^^^^ 
oJin - shi - ohn - fi^ (trouble) 
^ ^ shaang-ize , (away 
with) i[^^ sAflM-shup; to 
make good again, ^ |^ 
W chingfacm ho; to make 
up accounts, ^ |^ A-«»^ 
slio^', to make money, ^^ 
^ chaan"* ts'in; made no 
profit, ^ ^ II mo tah 
chaan^ barely made my 
out-lay,||^^:^ chaanVa/^ 
lo ; to make a trial, ^ 5Aj\ 
^ 1^* Vaam' sU\ ± ^ 
laap shr'; to make known, 

^ ^ -?'^' ''^* ' *'^ make 
the bed, ^^ J»'o ch'ong; 
to make ready, ^ ^C '^ 
cAin^ ts'ai pi^ to make 
verses, ^ ^ ^s(?A; shi ; to 
make a mark (in lieu of a 
signature), ^^;^ ta chi 
mo, ^ ^ :;^ V« ."t^aw 
mo, ^:J£ ^ 'iafa aap\ 



Maker, 5(g ^ tso'-'cAc. 
Malaria, |Jj^^^ «Aaan- 

hsiTn-chenng^ 'hi . 
Male, ® naam, ^^ naam- 

*yan, (of beasts) ^ kuung, 

(generally) ^ J|| yeung- 

lui\ 
Malevolent, S Jl\ hak-sum. 
Malicious, ^ ^ huung-ok , 

Malignant, ^^ oA;'-tuuk. 
Malleable iron, ^|^ ahuuk- 

Pit\ 
Mallet, ;^g|7{Cti 'aai' 

t'au muuk-*ch'ui. 
MallowB, ^ k'wai. 
Mamma, ^|| ^^ ma-ma. 
Mammon, Bi* Jjjffi ts'oi shan, 

^ P^^ ts'in ts'oi. 
Man, \ yan, *yan, ^ ^ 

naam yan; a man, — • ^ 

^ j'a^ ZjoA"* yan. 
Man-of-war, J^ ^ ping- 

shuen, ^ j|§ cA»n^ shuen, 

^ ^ j|g ^'i^' kaap' 
shuen. 
Manacles, ^ ^ shau-liu. 



MAN 



171 



MAN 



Minage, ^ 3|| paan^- li, 

<^ ^ 'koon 'li. 
Manager, ^ j|| tsiiung-U, 

j^ c/(rt-taai -k*i, oj ^ 

\ sze sze' yan ^E^A 

tsoi^ sze' yan. 
Manchurii, ^^ j^j] Moon- 

cAflM : Manchu or Man- 

churian, '^ f^j ^ moon 

c/ifl?^ yan. 
Mandarin, *^ ^ koon- foo, 

(dialect) ^ ^ koon-*\9ek^. 
Mane, (horse's) J^ ^^ ma- 

Mange, ^ $^ shaang-tsze. 
Manger, ^, |® ma ts'o. 

Mangle, (a) i^^^Mc ^^'^^'• 
po -kue\ (to spoil jj^ts'aan. 

Mango, -^^ ^ ?«o/j^- ktvoh, 
Manila mango (best) § 
5j^ -^ Lue Buung wo«^; 
when mangoes are plentiful 
rice is scarce, ^ ^ ^ 

woh aAiu; the mango flower, 
i.e., showy but delusive, 
"S^'JE ^^ong ''ku'oh fa. 



Mangosteen, [Jj -i?^ ^ sAflan- 

chui/k- k/coh. 
Manhood, J^ ^ shing-yan. 
Maniac, ^^ k'wong. 
Manifest, ^ Q ming-paak, 

^^^"f IP ^ 'Am-ming, (a) 

Manila, /J> g JU ^SiuAne- 

suung . 
Mania, ^ jjj ^ ch'uen- 

shaan-kaap'. 
Mankind, A $^ yan-lui'. 
Manly, ^ -^ Zrwan- tsz», 

ktvun- Uze-ke'. 
Manner, i^ yeung\ yeung . 
Manners, jjj® 'lai; mere 

formality, ^ jjjj hue *^Iai; 

ordinary etiquette, '^ jjj^ 

sheung lai. 
Mansion, ^ chaak, jj[^ /<?<>. 
Manslaughter, |^ ^ ng' 

Mantis, ,^l[$i!^ ^ma-long- 

*k'ong, J^ ijg fong long; 
the mantis stopping a 
carriage, i.e. wasted efforts, 
St M if * t'ong long 
tong kue- the mantis 



MAR 



172 



MAR 



catches the cicada (and the 
shrike catches the mantis) 

^^ fig ffi *l t'0"g ^°^g 
po^ shin. 

Mantle, j^ ^ taai'-?flM. 

Mantlepiece, j/C ifS ^ ^Z'^^" 

lo-ngaak. 
Manual labour, ^ ^^ shau- 

tsok\ 

chat - 



Manufacture, ^ 
t8o\ 

Manure, ^ fun^ ; (to) ^^ 
\6k-fun^; manure yard ^ 
j^ fun? ti'; prepared 
manure, ^ ^/un' liu\ 

Manuscript, -^ ;;^ sAaw- 

Many ^ foA ; many thanks, 
' toh miing, ^ 



toh tBe\ pS. ^ 'm koiy 

(at head of bills) ^ [^J 

mung ^swe. 
Map, g t'o, ^^ g| ti^fo, 

ilfe ii ® ti^ 'li t'o. 
Maple, /^ :^ /wMn^-shue\ 

swen-waai', 'fo. 



Mar, :jf ^ ' 



Marble, (variegated) "10^ ^ 

5 /a-y«n-*shek, (veined) 

^ 'H ''^"n-*8liek, (white) 

Q ^ S paak-'/wn- 

shek, 

March, i^^^^ Ying-saam- 
uet, (to) ^ gfjj po^-s2e, 
^ ^ fl ts'ai-po^-hang. 

Mare, ^^ -^ ^ma-^mo. 

Margarite, 3^ 3^ chan-chue. 

Margin, ^^ p'n. 

Marines, j^ |^|^ ^ ^shui-sze 
peng. 

Mariners, -jk, -^ ^shui-^shau. 

Marionette show, "^ ^& ^ 

f? Sit (— SE) °^^"^ 
t'au huung tsai hi' {yat 

paan). 
Mark, IB ^ Z:t'-ho', ^ 

waak, (to) :ff ^ ^ta-gan , 

•IT fS ^'^«-bo\ (observe) 

1^ !^ ^t^ai-chan. 
Market, "^ Shi ; market 

price, "flJ U[ shi hc^-, 

second class goods, 'j^ "jpfc" 

;^ laan' 'shi M'. 



MA.R 



178 



MAS 



Market-place, • Tfj* 5H ehi 
*t'an, i^ laan, (town) 
hue-, pig market, ^ 
cJnie laan; cattle market, 
Zt.^ npan laan ; vegetable 
market, ^fl^ ^■'^''^1^ laan-, 
fruit market, ^jf^ kwoh 
laan; fish market, ^ j^ 
ue laan; salt fish market, 

1^ ^ ffi3 ^^^^™ "® ^^^"* ' 
poultry market, ^ ;|^ 

kai laan. 
Marking-line, ^ ^ mak- 

^iau. 
Marquis, ^. hau. 
Marriage, -^ ^^ fun-yan. 
Marrow, ■^^ 'sui; beef marrow, 

2^*^^ n^&n ku'ut sui. 
Marry, (a wife) ^ ts^ue^, ^ 

i|^> -f^ *^^3'Mt-.sz^m-*^p'o, (a 

husband) ^ ^ <£^ ^«* 
lo luung, or W P^ ch^iiut 

moon, (a couple) ^ ^ 

Bhing-/s'an. 
Mars, (planet) */^ ^ ^i^oA- 

>'ing, (the god of war) "^ 

*j^ ^mo-tat\ (Chinese) 

^fe Kivaayi-tat . 



Marah, "fC |J/^ ha'-.v/^cr, *y? 

^ s//a-'^t'aan, jS chaak. 
Mart, ^ gJJ fau'-t'au, ^ 

"rfc" cAan'' ehi. 
Marten, ^Q ^ tiu-'^shue. 
Martial, ;^ "^mo ; martial 

la^^, ^ ^ A;^i'?/;i faat'. 
Martyrdom, ^ JE # S! 

SAaM-Sze-shin*-to\ 
Marvel, ^ ^ k*i-sze\ •^ 

^ k'i mat, (to) ^ ^ 

cAV-i . 
Marvel of Peru, {MiraUlis 

Dichotoma), fl^ ^g ^6 

in-chi-fa. 
Marvellous, jij ^ cA'z/uf k'i, 

:^ g k'i /ti^wn", ^ ^ 

k'i i\ 
Masculine gender, 

yeung-lui 



.3 



>]f3t c^'flrti-laan . 



Mash, i 

Mask, ^ p5 Si! .^iw^-min'- 

hok\ 

Mason, jjg :jJC A n**"^^'''"*' 
yan, (stone-) ^ U shek- 
^tseung . 



MAT 



174 



MAX 



Mass, U) t'uen, jg: kau^ 
(people) ~p K ha'-mun, 
JS* ^ s^we'-mun. 

Massacre, ^ Jj^ t'o-lauk, 

Massive, Jp. 7C hau -taai 
Mast, ^l^ |g c/ii-wai. 
Master, (employer) ^ 
sze'-n'au, i A -iV 

(teacher) 3t4 ^^^^-^^'^^ff^ 
gijj ^ sze-'^W; ship 
master, )^ 3^ shuen chue. 
Masticate, Pg ;'se2<^\ tsiu . 

Mastiff, -jfC fli ^) ^^*'' I 

chming kau. j 

Mat, jg- tsek, (of bamboo) 

^ iaat\ (cushion) ^ 

tin'. 
Matadore, ^ 4^ ^ s^^^^*^' 

ngau c/ee. 
Mat-shed, ^ ^ p'aang- | 

'^ch'-ong; mat-shed builders, 

lo. 
Match, yc IK y^^i-'c'^«'' 
(Lucifer) j/C^ y<?/i-ch'aai. 



Match, (a mate) fg ngau; 

matches (i.e. marriages) are 

made in heaven, -f^ Q 

^R^'^ngan tsze'iJ'mshiug. 

Match-maker, ^ "^ mooi- 

*p'oh. 
Mate, (chief) f^ g V^A- 
^cheung, or -^ -j^ taai' 
>A, (2nd) r. tR i*- 
>A; (generally) ^ f [- 
foh-ki''. 
Materials, ;jv^ tJ^ ts'oi-liu'- 

^ ^^1- mat-liu'. 
Matrix, (for type) ^^^ 

t'uung- paan-mo. 
Matter, ^ chat, (affair) 
;^ sze-kohn, (no) ^-^^ 
^ 35 '^mo-mat- kan-iu , 
^ -i^ iig -=f 'mo ma^ 
sfl«n.^ A;oA^2, Pg tV ^ 
'm ^ai^ ^«««\ (from a boil) 
5^ nuung. 
Matter of fact, ^ ^ Bze'- 

shat. 
Mattress, ^ f^ ch'ong- 

*yuuk. 
Mature, JjjJ ||L shing-shuuk. 
Maxim, jg j^ chum-twaL 



MEA 



175 



MEE 



May, (can) % tak, ^ J^ 
hoh' i, (I, or we, wish) ^^ 
nen . 

Maze, ^ ^ fun-fun. 

Meadow, 1^^ /'^'o-ch'eung. 

Meal, (a) ^ ts^aan, (flour) 
^ fun; wheat-raeal, ^ 
5^ mill' fun; rice-meal, 
^ ^ Snai 'fun. 

Mealy-mouthed, P^ hau- 
'ch'i. 

Mean, (base) g^l^jS V''-lau\ 
Ut8m,(tohitthe)|gpj1 
fak-chuung, (to) j^^ »^- 
hai , (the doctrine of the) 
|il ^ f/^wwn^-yuung. 

Meanincr. 



n- Ej M i -sze . 
Means. ^ ;^ tsze-poon, 

(method) ^ /va^ . 
Means,^ (by no) % pg |g 

<M«n -'m-hai . 
Meanwhile. ^B^ t'uung-shi. 
Measles, :||^ j[jg 'ma-fAirt^^ 

Measure, (to) ^^ tok. '§'^ 
leung -tok, (a) ^ leung\ 
J^ ^ to -leung , (foot-) 
^ ch'ek . 



Meat.^yuuk; flesh and bone, 
i.e. kindred, *B* ^ l:wut 
yuuk: parents and children, 
l&'N'^ ''•'*'"' '^'''•"^vuuk. 

Mechanic, 32 Wc kuung- 
tseung . 

Mechanism, ^ :P^ A'/-Ai . 

Medal, *^ )|^ shnmg p'aai, 
J;[^ j{^ /.(/!ni^ p'aai. 

Meddle, ^^ ts'um-sze , :j^ 

Mediator, p|5 ^ chuung-^po, 
F|1 ^ c/i ?/?/»// yan. 

Medicine, ^ ;fc;i* yeuk-ts'oi, 
(fluid) ^ -;rf^ yenk sA?«; 
medicated spirits, fl| ^S 
yeuk isa.u ; a dose of 
medicine, — • ^J ^ y«^ 
tsai yeuk; to take medicine, 
^ ^ shik yeuk, J5g H 
fuuk yeuk; books on Materia 
Medica, ^^^ yeuk shue ; 
(science of) ^ i^ /-hok. 

Meditate, ^ ?^ mak-'aeMn^, 

]\rediterranean, itttj pf *^ ^^^ 

chiiung ''hoi. 
Medusa, -^ ■& ''shui-''mo. 
Meek, ^ ^ ^t>«-woh. 



MEL 



176 



MER 



Meet, (to) 3[§ ^ ue -cheuk ; 
happen to meet, ^ 
ue^ lcin\ jg g[ ue^ miu^ 
^ ^ ^s»>'-cheuk, (by 
appointment) 5? -^ tsue - 
ooi ; liappened to be busy, 
pH ^ ^ ne^ *^yan sze . 

Meeting, ^ ooi\ J^ ^ 
tsue -tsaap. 

Melancholy, fJ P^ moon^- 
moon . 

Mellow, ^^, shuuk-num. 

Melody, ^ -^ haai-yum. 

Melon, J[I^ A'?^;a; cucumber, 
i JUJ, wong hva, ^ J[I^ 
Avong kwa ; yj^ ^ niuuk 
l(iva, (papaya); egg-plant, 
7^ /hv ^* /^?6'fl; water- 
melon, [5j ;Kl ^''''' ku'ci; 
pumpkin, ^)J!^ tiiung htvci; 
brinjal, {Momordica Bal- 
samina) ^ JJ^ ^oo hva; 
hairy kind of brinjal, '^ 
jQ^ tsit Tcwa ; young cucum- 
bers, Q JJ^ paak /ri/.'a; a 
small yellow squash, ^j!!^ 
/aa?i Iciva; musk melon, 
JJ^ Aru;?^ kwa. 



Melt, |§ /f{^ yuung-/a\ 
Member, ^ Vwo, (church-) 

X. ^ /^?Vl9-tai'. 
Members, "j^ §9 paak - t'ai. 
Membrane, :^ |M t-mok. 
Memoir, ^jf;!^ hang-chong . 
Memorial, ^^ fsau -^poon. 
Memory, =g ^ A-» -s»«^ : a 

worthless memory, ^& M 

Mencius, ]^-^ Maang - tsze. 
Mend, ^ p, f(^ g saw- 

Menial, "p ?g ha^-yik. 
Menses, ^ ^ uet-/any. 
Mental, i][^» ^ szow-noi , 
Mention, ^^^ /con/7-k'aap. 
Mercantile, ^ ^ shang-i , 



c ~ . .) 

maai-maai 



Mercenary, ^^ tJ^I] k'au-li . 
Merchandise, '^'i^foh mat; 
foreign merchandise, 7!^ 

Merchant, j^ ^ shewiff-y&n. 
Merchantman, [^ to sheung^ 

shuen, -^ j|§ /o/t^ shuen. 
Merciful, g[ g ot-lin, 3 " 

ts'ze, 3^ ^\]^^ ts'ze-swm. 



MES 



177 



MEW 



Merciless, f^ /(j) \ong-sum. 
Mercury, y^ ^ shui-hga.n, 
(planet) ^ ^ Shui-sifif;. 
Mercy, jg ^^ ts'ze-;?/, 



lin-'rnuu. 



Merely, ^^ pat-hvoh , 

^ tuak-bai\ DJi 

chek. 
Merge, 7^ iH i^an -maai. 
Meridian, "^^^x ^sze- ng- 

sm\ (-lines) jg ]^ ^»>j<7- 

sin . 
Merino, ^ ^ ue-ta'e. 
Merit, Jfj ^ kunnfi-\o, -:^ 

kiiung, ^to. /jg ^^ ying- 

tak, ^ ^ ]i^ ^ /:uw;i^. 

\o-ying-tak; to record merit, 

Meritorious, y^ i/| yau 
Jcuung ; a mt-ritorious states- 
man, ^ ^ kuung shan ; 
mideserviug, ^ ^ mo 

Merry, g.^ 'Ai-stV, ;{tf ^ 

Merry-andrew, ^ ^ tsaap- 

AewA;'', ;5; ch'au. 
Mesh, 4ffl ga ^mong-^ngaan. 



Mess, (medley) ^ J| laap- 

tsaap. 
Mess together, (S^ t'uung- 

ts^uen . 
]\Iessage, ^ -(= po'-suim. 
Messengei-, ^ \ c^'aai-j&n, 

(official) ^ ^ w'^/j-uen. 
Metal, ^ J[J^ ^';/;«-lui'. 
Metaphor, ^t^/se'-V^ 



^se -I , 



Metempsychosis, |j^ fgj laun- 



001. 



Meteor, "^ g lau-stn^, 



chui -sing, 2^ ^ fi 



sing. 

Method, ^ ^ fong-faat\ 
^ -^ /aa^ - tsze ; an 
excellent metlu'd, ^ ^ 
shin^/artZ'\ ^^ K\[faat\ 

Metonomy, ^ ^ ?'5e -'^kong. 

Metropolis, ^^ A'tV/^-sheng, 
^ ^ fiifg-too. 

Mettle, ^ ^ (sing-ht ; the 
mettle (i.e., high spirits) of 
youth, ■^^ i^ ^ ^ sAiV 
nin hi* chat. 

Mew, I jj,^^ 

^^^^^^mW^'^Saau-sheng. 



MIG 



178 



MIL 



Miasma, "^ ^ cheung-ht 

^ sh^p-rJifiung . 
[ica, ^MM. ts'in-is'&ng 



Mica, ^^IR 

chi. 
Microcosm, /J> ^ ^ siu- 

t^in-ti . 
Microscope, |^ ^g^ ^ ^i^- 

mi-keng . 
Mid, P(l chuung. 
Mid-day, § ^ aan - 
Middle, ^ [^ chiiung-kaan. 
^ mooi- 



^ aa;i -chau 



mooi- 



ma- 



Middle-maii 

•yan. 
Middle-woman. 

•p*oh. 
Middling, 5^ 

•ma-ti . 
Midnight, ^ ^ poon -ye . 
Mid-summer, W^ ha -cAt , 

a^ ^ ^M^n-yeung. 
Mid-way, ^ ^ ?7oo?i -lo . 
Midwife, ^^ ^ ^ ^s'^- 

a^an^-*p'oh, ^^ «^«^- 

•p'oh. ^ J,^ chup-ma. 
Might, gg nang. 
Mighty, ;;f^ g| taai'-nang. 



Migratory, i^^^^i- 
ehi-Ioi- wong. 

Mild, '^ ^ ?<;flw-leung. 

Mildew, ^ mooi, '|^j^ ^ 
flw -mooi, ^^^/(i^ii mooi, 
^ ^ faat^ mo ; spoiled by 
mildew, 4^m mooi laan\ 



Mile, (f^ of an English) 
li; How many miles? ^^ 

^ M i^ v./ /(^A 'li lo^ ? 
Milestone, ^ f^ ^ lo' 

ch'ing ;?»,• ^ ^ li shek. 
Militant,^ rhin^; the church 

militant, ||fe "^ cAjV 



001 



Military, ;^ 'mo, J^ ping, 
W ku'un; military author- 
ity, »^ ]^ ping k'uen ; 

military officer, -^ ^ 

c , 

mo koon. 

Militia, ^^ "J^ c/^on^r' ting. 
Milk, ^L 'ue, ^ 'naai, 
cow'e milk, ^ ^ ngau 

naai; goat's milk, ^ ^^ 

c 
yeung naai. 

Milky way, ^ ^jij f'm ho, 



MIN 



179 



MIS 



moh , •moh ; paper 
OT tso^ chi 



m 



Mill, J 

raiU, J; 

kuuk. 
Millet, /Jn ^ sill- mai, ^ 

Million, "Q^ ^ ^^fli -maan ; 

millions, ;jj> f7««\ 
Mill-stone, ^^ ^ ?«o7i' shek. 
Mimic, ^f hok. 
Mince, -gj ^^ fs'it'-sai. 
Mincing, ^ j^J niu- noh ; 

to walk in a mincing 

manner, /Jn ^ ^ siu 

po' hang. 
Mind, i\^^ sum, (to) g| /^ 

/i;o<? -cliue . 
Mindful, ^^i\a^ ^y&u-sai- 

sum, (you are) ^J\a^ yau- 

sum. 
Mine, (to) :^ (^) II 

kwut- (hum-) luung, (a) 

}^ twong ; a mining 

engineer or expert, ^ ^i^ 

k^wong^ sze. 
Minister, (to) j^ ^ cAm;?- 

sze , ^ ^ S2e-sze , (a) ^ 

ehan, (prime) ^JiQ tsoi- 



Mint, § :f£ S^ heung-fa- 
^s*o» , (a) ^^ ts'in-kuuk. 

Minus, V)^ '^kaam. 

Minute, ^HJ ^ ,9aArai, (of 
time) '^ ^ /M;i-8hi. 

Miracle, ^ ^jf i-tsik. 

Mire, ^ y^ nai-paan . 

Mirror, ^ ^-^ min -A:fir2y . 

Mirth, *y^ 1^ /aat'-lok. 

Miscarriage, /J> ^ sm- 

Miscellaneous, ^ ^ ling- 
stn^, ^ tsaap, :f^^9hup- 
sui , oM/pfc sup-sui ; a con- 
signment of miscellaneous 
goods, — U^ll/^ ya^ 
taan tsaap /o.^ . 

Mischief, ^|^ ^'<'<' -sheungy 



SB .sz^en-hoi . 



Miser, g ^ A ^^^'^-ts'oi- 
yan, '[§ ^ Aaaw-waai . 

Miserable, (as a miser) Q^ 
tsze -tsin , (poor) ^ ][^ 
aau-ai . 

Misery, ^^ foo- ch'oh, ^ 
)^ ^5'at-leung ; happiness 
and misery, ^jj]^ ^ woh* 



MIS 



180 



MIT 



Misfortune, ^ ^ pat-hemg , 
^^ 'foo meng, ^^ 
huung-sze . 

Misinterpret, ^ ^ ^kaai- 
ts^oh . 

Mislead, ^1 ^ ^y2^n-ts'oh'. 

Mieprint, fp ^ yan -ta^oh . 

Mispronounce, ^ ^g A;(?n^ 

Misreport, ^g ^ ;'o ^s'o7i\ 
Misrepresent, ^ ^ /:ow^- 



wie. 



Miss, (young lady) ^ ^ 
itoo-neung, (to) ^ sAa^, 
p^pb ^m.-chuung ; to miss 
the road, fj ^ hang 

Missionary, ^^\ ch'uen- 
A'flaw -yan, (society) j^^ 
•^ ch'uen - Araaw - ooi , 
(VULG.) MWM^i 

hong Ye 80 leg'. 
Misspend, ^ ^ long -/ai . 
Mist, IM ^ m-moo , ^ 



ha -moo , 



wan- 



Mistake, ^ ^ koo-is^oh y 
(a) ^ /s'oA\ '^s't^A', fa^ 
jj^ ^s'oA -i^t'o/i ; there is 
a mistake, Pfif ^g yau 
^s'oA^- no mistake, ^ ^^ 
mo ^s'oA'; to make a mis- 
take, ^ ^ tso' ^s*oA\ 

Mister, (Mr.)^^ sin-shang^ 
^ liuung. 

Mistress, (Mrs.) JJJ -^ naai- 

*naai, (of a household) 
5 



moo . 



sze -t*au-neung, 
[can also be referred to 
as] $ ^ '^ sze^ t'au 
p'oh, (but, it is impolite 
to address her as such), i 
A ^^ cAwe-yan-neung, dfc 
-H: chue- mo, (of a school) 
-^ g[j0 nue-«3e, (a kept) 
^ Jg 'lo-;fc'at. 

Misunderstand, ^ ■^ ^ 
'm-ooi'-i", ^ ^ ^'en^- 
ts^oh . 

Mite, ^ ^ lio moot, ^ 



MOD 



181 



MOX 



Mix, ^;^t: W;.-wan\ p 
7(sp L-iu-woli, fl^^ tau- 
wan, ;||g J|[| /.'aj< niaai; 
mix ill equal quantities, 
^^ /"i k'au : mixed (i.e. 
adulterated) with sand, ijg 
^ /;;'«?< 5/ifl'; Don't mix 
them up, Ijft tr a tg 
"■mai Va luen^ "^k'ue. 

Moan, ^ PH fse-fmn, p^ 

. ^^ ^^a;i -hi . 

MoN B^ ii f^ it i;«a/c^- 
si/)g -naau -men . 

Mock, jj^^ /a-'-Iuung^ lllj 



7 J ■ > 

suaaii -siu . 



Model, "^^ ^ mo-jeung\ 
mo- veuno' . 

Moderate, ^^^'^'j^ IKtt- 
toh-pat- s/tiii, j^ rb sAjA;- 
chuunrj, f|? ^ <r/«!i/;my-woh; 
moderate in eating and 
drinking, ^ §;, ^ tsit' 
^l/wn ghik; moderate in all 
things, j^^^fflj^Maan 
sze tsif ^sltaaivj; moderate 
wind, 5pD ^ woh /"im/i^, 
(to) 1^ -^ tMU-wan. 
13 



Modern, ^ Av//?/, ^ sw?, 

(times) ^ -fjf kan^-sAa»^. 

Modest, ::g' ^ ][.(<, S-au-lim- 

'^^*''' 5i^ ^/'»-^«''' ff^it 
him-t'iu; a modest woman, 
IB ^^ /.^/-^^ ^foo. 
Modify, IJjr •'^^ij 'lcoi-snik\ 
Moiety, — ^ yat 2'jooii\ ^ 

Moist, f^ 57/^7/, ^^ num. 
Moisten, j^^ yuun'. 
Molasses, ^;;!fc t'ong SA?//; 

(half candied), |g gl 

t'ong ZTifr/?^. 
Mole, gg ^ t'in-^5A?/e, (on 

the skin) ^ ^ hak-ts'ze- 
ha'ti-chi . 



Mole-cricket, i^^ ^t'o-^kau. 
Molest, 1^ jg naaa-wai. 
Moment, f^ g|] p'm-halCy 



^Iriiiff-hak. 



Momentous, 



chuung^ 



lU 



Monastery, (Tau.) |^ koon , 
(Bud.) ^ t8ze\ ff 
5a;?^ ?/e/^, (Rom.) 
5a?<-to -*uen . 



MON 



182 



MOR 



Monday, jjj^^ — Wi-]Jaai 
yat. 



Money, ^ ts'in, *t6'in, 
^ ngan-*ts'in, *ngan ; 
ready money, i.e., cash down, 
55, ^S '"^ ngan: money- 
changer'8 shop, -^ || ^| 
chaau ts'in j/o\ . 

Moneyless, ^ ^ mo ts'in, 
^ p'un. 

Mongol, |g "i^ A ^I""ng- 

koo yan. 
Mongolia, ^"S'H Muung 

Iwo hrok\ 
Mongrel. ^1^ tsaap- chming. 
Monk, fg" J\^ «r^/?^ yan, ^ 

|j5^ woh 8heung\ 
Monkey, ^ |g 'raa-Zf«<. 
Monogram, ^^ f» c(ap\ 
Monomania, iS^^^H ^wn- 

peng^-k'wong, @ ^ ^ 

^ yan-^ze -peng''-k'wong. 
Monopolist, ^ ^ tuun-ka. 
Monopolize, ^"Wt '^hnm-foh 



Monstrous, »g|^ kicaai -sui . 
Month, ^ net ; a long month, 
EJ -4- net taai'; a short 
month, ^ /J> net '^siu. 



Monument, )j]^ tfr p'aai-/o;?^, 

^% u^ V^'i^^ ' Travellers' 
talk is as public as the 
inscription on a monument, 

lo^ pheung^ hang yan hau 
ts'z p. 
Mood, i^^ 5?^w-t8'ing, ♦fg 

Wt ts'iug-Vcmy. 
Moody, ^ :^ /wo-Ai . 
Moon, ^uet,\light>^3t 

MQi-kwong. 
Moor, (to) '^^'^0 rcaan-^oky 

Mope, ^ p^ /aai -moon . 

Morally, -flc'l^g i-ts'ing-'li. 

Morals, ^"^ hang-wai, 
4=f to/^-hang, (good) ^ 
shin -^a/c, ^ ^ shin 
hang, (bad) |J ^ fgpaai' 
fining tsuuk ; to practise 
moral duties, /'|=y ^ hang 



shin . 



More, ^ /'tm, ^ /oA; 
add a little more, ^ ^ 
I|M fim M ?'t; give some 
more, ^^^Dfl^'^ V» ^^" ^''»'; 



MO I J 



183 



MOS 



the least bit more, [j^ p^' 
^ ti /com foh; (CO.MP. 



kaiitj , 



DEG.) 

chuiing . 
Moreover, W ^^ kang -him, 

1- r/tV'. 
Morning, S. V.^o; I told you 



Mortal, ^ ^ ooi- c<3«; a 
mortal sin, j/^i^ *^>2'.' taui''; 
all mortals, J^^ faan yan. 

Mortally, gj^ ^£ rh%-^sze. 

Mortar, ;^ nai, ^ y? /b^* 
.''^, (a) ^ ^ chaung- 
hom, (for mixing lime) ^1!^ 
^^/ooi horn. 

Mortgage, (a house) ^ ^ 
tw-tmh, ^ ^ ^/ly -;^?//:. 



in good time 

-^ Sigoh taai tf^o wa' ni ; 
very early, -^-^ ^50 /5(?; - - - >»>»_i_ 

" 'r/i.V; this morning, ^ Mortification, ;fi^ /bc^-Zai^ 



Mortgagee, -^^ '^tin-^chue. 



l^ /:M/;i c/</u; he came 
every morning, f g ;|^ 1^ 
1^ k'ue chiu cJnu lai ; 
early in the morning, SB 
^J^ chin t'au A'^o; (good) 
,^j^ /.'JO-shan, (-star) j^ 
^ j^ tfii-raiug-sing. 

Morose, ^ '^ yz/wz-ch'um. 

Morra, (i.e., to pledge in cupg 

of native wine bv gueBsins: 

at finger* thrust out) ^:t^ 

cAVM/-mooi, ^ j^ ch'aai 

ma. 

3Iorrow, ^^ meng t^in, ^ 
meng yat. 



foo', (gangrene) f^^ 
yuuk- sze, (of spirit) \^^ 
ts'iu-sui . 

Mortise, ;|>^3^ 5//?/??- ngaan. 

Mosque, [PIIP]^®^^;^: 
ooi ooi kaau^ \\[ paax t'ong. 

Mosquito, ^ />jm;?; the striped 
or tiger mosquito, ^ ^ 
or ^^ {1^ foo miin, or /a 
w?tm; mosquito-curtain, jWJ^ 
ijl^ mun cheung^; a mosquito 
boring a cow's horn, i.e., 
wasted exertion, ^^f^ 
■^ mini chum ngau yt(?A;^; 
a hum like mosquitoes, ^j^ 
pJJ" pffi j;?M» A-owi^ ts'o. 



MOT 



184 



MOU 



t^ 



1^ ts'eng-t'oi. 



Mosquito-cnrtain, (a) — w 
^^ l|j^ yat-i^oi\g-mun- 
eheiing . 

Moss, ^'^ t'oi-'^stn, ^^ 



CI 

mooi-t'oi, 

Most, (of quality) ^,chi , -|- 

J^ 6liap-/?/;j, (of quantity) 

taai /oA. 

Mostly, 3^ ;f'|!E taai'-*A;'oj,' ^ 
^^^ taai^VK/c\ ;^ f| 
taai - t^ai. 

IMotli, 4|| ngolK jg in /a»^- 
*ngoh; silk worm moth, ^^ 
^fe ts'aam ngoli ; the 
crescent moon, (fancifully, 
like antennae of a silk worm 
moth) ^ ^ ^ ngoh mi 
net. 

Mother, -^ -^ lo-* mo, 
(respectfully) -^ j^ "^mo- 
ts^an, (politest form) -^ 
^ ^ ling shau t'ong. 

Mother-in-law, ^|> -f^ ngoi - 



Mother-wort, @ {^r ;^ yik- 



mo. 



Mother-of-pearl, ^ -^ 



wan- mo-Ao^ . 



mo- /^'tf. 



Motion, M^ tuung . 

Motive, ^ ^ ^hi-kin, ^ 
|[g nim^^t'au. 

Motto, Ig >^ t'ai-/a/e'. 

Mould, (a) j^ ^ mo-s/uk. 

Mouldy, 1^ ^ faai-\\\o. 

Mound, J;^ ^ '^'o-^"», ^ 
~r fuvng- fo. 

Mount, (to) 3l "^sheung, ^ 
i "^ ^^'if^H- sheung-Awtf''. 

Mountain, |Jj shaa^i ; wood 
and bamboo-ware shop, jjj 
^ M shaan fo/i' p'o^ ; to 
go on the hills to tomb- 
worshipping, ^ iXj ^w/i^ 
shaan; grave-diggers, grass- 
cutters, [JL}f^ sArwM Vraw; 
Shantung, jJj ;^ s/iaar? 
^Wi; Shanse, |.|j^ shaan 
yau ; to go into retirement, 
>A |_Ij J"P sArmn ,- a pros- 
perous family, ^ ^ jj[| 

J^ TfC ^^ ^^'*5 sAaa;i fuung 
shui. 



MOW 



185 



MUG 



Mourn, t^ ^| tin -song, ^ 
^ oi-huuk. 

Mourning, ^ ^ song-iwnk, 
(put on) ^ J5^ chpvlc -fauk, 
(to lay aside) ^ ^g t^uct' 
fuuk. 

Mouse, _0| -j^ shiie- tsai, 
(field) J^ ^ shek- shue. 

Mouth, p A/i'?^, hence, y^ 
pl Vwt Aflf^if, estuary or 
firth ; good enunciation, P 
^■^- /mw k'im ; to smoke 
two or three pipes of 
tobacco, O^^^H P^ 
1/aak^ ""leung saa)ii '^hau in ; 
intractable, ^ p fg |g 



mo hau wa k'ue. 



Mouthful, (a) — }p^yat-'^hau, 

— Pj^ j^rti-taam . 
Move, ^^ ^ y?/u^'-tuung'', 

(remove) |^ jwon. 
Mow, ^J ''rh'aan; to whet a 
yj ch^aan 



razor 



' ^' 



^a»^ fo ; May all your race 
be extinguished ! i.e.. May 
your entire race be cut off ! 
haam ha ch'-aan. 



Moxa, jx. if- "o^ai -yuuug, 
^ ^^' J'gaai' foo, the 
artemisia herb hung over 
the door on the 5th day of 
the 6th moon. 

Much, ^ toh. 

Mud, if^ nai; a clod of earth, 
— 1§ 'iM y^^kau'nai; 
cannot plaster walls with 
rotten mud, i.e., a good-for- 

i^othiug, 'JiiJ^Pf^M 
laan'' nai naan oo peTc; 
carved mud and moulded 
wood, i.e.., a born fool, a 

dolt, UM-^W^ ^»i 

t-iu muuk Off' ke' ; Dust 
wanted ! if^^^^^^ s/iaw 
maai oo nai ! 
Muddy, ^^ chunk, %^^ 
nai-paan , >|^^^ «i;'-naa^, 

(styi«) |£ ife ^ :4c ^'^a- 

nai-ifaat^- shui. 



^ kuung- 
^lug^fCt^ V<M»>t*uung. 



Muff, j^^ 
thaii-Po^. 



MUM 



186 



MUS 



Mulberry, (tree) ^^ song- 
shue ; Cape d'Aiguilar 
Light-house, ^ ;(g p^ 
5)^ 1^ song shue"* moon 
tang lau. 

Mule, 1^ ,^ loh- ma. 

Mullet, (yellow - tailed) 

m ^ 



won 2;- mi- ts'ai. 



(greeniBh) gj^^. paak- 



c . c, , . 
mi- ts'ai. 



Multiply, ^ shint:; : rules for 
multiplication, ^^ shing 
faaC; (increase) ^ ^ 
shaang-toh. 

Multitude, ^ chmmg\ (the) 
IS R ihue-mxxn, ^ |^ 
k'wun niuu, H^ maan' 
mun, ^Q, ^ chiu^ mun, 

:*: ^ W tt taai^ 

chuung -paak -sing . 

Mumble, ^^^ ngum-ch'um; 
always grumbling, p^ ^ 
llg'-^ngum loi ngum hue\ 

Mummery, |^,^^ '^Jcwai- 

ma-sze ; full of tricks, ^ 
c 



it «i^ i^ '^"'«» '^«^'«» 

W W, or ll.^f^g. 
%M» *^ma htnk' shik. 



Mumps, ^ ^ J5I5, shang- 

cha -soi. 
Munificent, ^ ^^ hau - 

chuung , ^ ^ P^ »2e - 

hoi-ke . 
Murder, ^^huung-shaai , 

shaaf yan; a murder case, 

^! ^ meng^ ohn^; to 

plot murder, ^ ^ mau 

shaaf. 
Murderer, J^-^A;<;m^- shau, 
Murex, Jj] ^ /a'ze'-*loh. 
Murmur, f^^^ luun -chuun , 

(at) ^ P^ uen-taan . 
Muscle,' (of the body) HJL jj 

A;i-/oo, ^1^ s^^^" -*yuuk. 
Museum, \% ^ ^ pok' 

mat Sien. 
Mushroom, g| kHvun, k'an. 
Music, ^ ^^ ngok-j/wm. 
Musicians, |f^ :|y ^ c/i'ui- 
te- lo, (respectfully) ^j^lj^ 

ngok-52;«; a band of — 

^^ yat 2iaan. 
Musk, ^ ^k. she -heung\ 

adulterated musk, jg ^ 
Vfa she^ heiing. 



MUS 



187 



MYR 



Musk-melon, ^ JJ^ hcung- 
kwa. 

Musket, -E 1^ peng-ts^eung. 

Muslin, i^ ^ m\n-sh(( 

Mussel, (sliell fish) ^[J/'$ 
wong-s/w- hill, $S hin ; 
bivalve shells, $g gjf V/m 
htk^; disyllabic words, ^^ 
^ ^ 'hin hok' tsze'; 
shelled clams, $J[^ [^ Va>J 
yuuk, 

Mussulman, (]\roor) j^^X. 
J[/{?A - Z(?/i - yan, (Moham- 
medan) [g] -^ Ooi- ^S2?. 

Must, i}^\pit, ij/i'^*^ pit-t\ng . 

Mustaches, ^^ tsze, J\ ^ 

^ ;)afl^ -tsze -so, jpj^ QfU 

^ 'leung ;?'a^ so, fig ^' 
^A^aw so. 



/ia '■■ 



maau so. 
Mustard, ^ ^ ^aai -moot, 



^ 



^aai -laat, (seed) 



^ -^ ifla» - tsze. 
Muster, H^ jiaa/i; muster 
the forces, i 
peng. 



7^ 



001 



Musty, ^ )g A.;//^-t8'ue Jg^ 

^ ?/;>-waai . 
Mute, pg ^ 'm-sheng, p^J 

^lutilate, ^ ^ ts'aan-hoi . 
Mutiny, fjl ^ poon'-yik, 

g|^ ^Jg li poou'. 
:Mutter (col.) ^ I^ tl}^ 
kong-nge - nge - sheng, ^^ 

^fl* ^ t'tip-t'ifp-shpng. 
Mutton, ^ 1^ yeung-yuuk: 

chop, ^ :y^ *^ yeung 

p'aai Jcu'uf. 
Mutual, ;f.g seung, ^ ^ 

kaau-spung-kfi , ::^ ]|;|^ jn- 

Muzzle, P '/<//?<, 1^ Vsui, (to) 
■i^/^Q lup-chue - hau. 

My, mine, ^ PJ^ ^ngoh-A-e ; 
my (humble) village, |^ 
^ pai' hpvng; our native 
customs, ^'^ pai^ tsuuk; 
my master, ||j^ ^ pai* 
tuung; my own country^ 

Myriad, ^ maan . 
Myrrh, *J^ ^ moot-yeuk. 



NAN 



188 



XAS 



Myself, ^ § Q ngoh-tsze''- 
^*> ^ ^ ]}oon-shan, (I 
feed myself) ^^^^ 
ngoh-shik-tsze -''/ci. 

Mysterious, ^ f^ o -miu , 
H^ ^ naan-ming. 

'MyVw, ~^ g^ koo- ue. 

N 

Nail, $J (en;/, (a)— p^ 
//r/^ hati-feng, (fing-er-, &c.) 
;|=g[^ chi h(a2)\ff\^cham(. 

Naked, ^; ch'ik' -^ hcoiuj, 
(stark) Jg ^, ^jj ^'n.^^ 

Nakedness, (destitution) ^k 
^ cA'//i:^-p'un. 

Name, ^ ming, *meng, (to) 
gr ;g ^A'«-nneng, ^:g 
«/iH meng : What is your 
name? M'^^^^ Jew' 
tso' mtit meng? ^l^-\i^i^ 
•^ sing' mvi meng mut?. 

Namely, ||] faik. 

Nankeen, cloth, ^ >f2 flj 
fsze-fa-])o\ yJr> -^ chHIc'- 
po . 



Nanking, '|^j ^ Naam-^m^. 

Nap, ^ mo, ^ 1^ yuung- 

t'au, (sleep) l^^ iTf /^aj?- 

fim\ 

Napkin, ^ -f^ po - tsaiy 
(table-) ^" fjj ch'a-AflH. 

Narcissus, ^ -^^ ^^ shui- 
sin-fa. 

Narcotic, j^ ^ mai-yeuk. 

Narrate, ht^ [jj >5|^ shuut- 
ch''imt-\ai. 

Narrow, ^ rAfl'r^/: : narrow- 
minded, i]ji 5|f ^ sww 
ch'eung- clionli-^ ; too narrow, 

^* M IS ^^"''"^'^ hroh' 
t'au; (tight) ^ kip; the 
shoe pinches, 1^ ^^l^ j^ 
haai kip te//(;\ 

Nasturtium, '(^ ^ ^ hoh- 
ip-hn. 

Nasty, _^ ch'-au ; bed bugs, 
/.e., nasty foul - mouthed 
fellows, ^ ^ ch'au' 
ch'uung; a foul stench, ^ 
"^"^ c^'fl?? hong hong ; a 
small-footed woman, a nasty 
fellow, ^Wa ch^au' keuk'. 



NAV 



189 



NEC 



Nation, ^[^ ponfj, [n|| kicok'- 
Native, ^i^ }iO(iu-''i\ , J^. 



't^o. 



Natural, ^ ^ Hn-shang, 
tHn-sliany-ki'\ 2jS*I^ poon- 
sing . 

Natunilly, Q^ tszu'-in, ^ 
^X fin -hi. 

Nature,'^ sm^'; long practice 
becomes second nature, ^^ 
^^AsS^i!^ tsaap ''kau shing 
siiuf ; a good nature, ^tj* 

tt tw "^^*^ ^*"^^ ts'eng. 
Naughty, TTpjJ. waan-p'i, ;;^ 

i^ 'ni- //rt 
Nausea, -^ 



no 001- au, 



IUi> 



tej seung- cat. 



Nautilus, ifl ;|C t?, fan- 

.<!/u/j-*loh. 

Naval, (troops) ;;JC 6S :R 
c 
s/iui-sze-ping, (officer) Trj\^ 

|§i|j 'j^ «/^ ''i - sze - koon , 

(engagement) TfCMfe ''shui 

chin^. 

Nave, (of a wheel) ^ f^ 

hmn-sian, (of a cburcli) 

paai^ t'ong ke^ chiiu/ig kaan. 



Navel, Uh J^ t'o-ts'ze, 
(string) j}^^^ i*^ t3'ze-/flra'. 

Navigate, IJjlj/ilf^ s/i^i-shuen. 

Navigation, ^ ^ hang 
shucn ; rules of navigation, 
«® ^ "^^^'^^ /aa/\- navi- 
gation laws, t7l55S@ 
hang shuen clieimg cli'ing; 
to miss one's port, ^ ^ 
y^ P ^s/wt is^oJt' ^kontj 

^''^y' PS# '"^-^^^i'' 3;Pfe 

l^a^shi''. 
Near, ^ kan\ 'k'an, Mi 



foo -kan , ^^ /a'^/i. 

Near-Bighted, ^||H^ kan'- 
*shi - ngaan. 

Nearly, ^ ^ ^ ch'-a-pat- 

toh, ^ ^ tseung-k^\\\ 

Y~T\ sheung' ^ha; nearly 

relaied, .^ ^ shum^ ^s'an. 

Neat, ^ ^ ts'ai- r/nV?//, 
(clean) ^^'/^ 7:oAjt-tseng'. 

Necessary, >^^^ pit-iic', ^ 
^. ting^M ffi Pg ^ 
mo-'m-toA;; daily neces- 
saries, Jf5 ^ ^ yat 

yuung he^ mat. 



NEF 



190 



XEI 



Neck, ^ ^^^e^g\ irascible, 
j^ 1^^, 'foh ^keng^ highly 
nervous, Pj ^ j 



noi 



sheung /ceng; good tem- 
pered, ^i3 '^'0 'heng ; ill- 
tempered, pg iy ® # 

'm /<o ^A:e;^(7 k/cut ; Don't 
be obstinate, p^ -^ ^ 
'raai S/tai ^keng. 

Neck-lace, ^^ keng-^lm\ 

Necktie, ^ 4^ ^e??^- leng. 

Necrosis, ^P *h* sze-hvut. 

Need, ^ .sz^e. ^^ sue-iu . 

Needle, §^ -^j* nguan-ehum, 
(magnetic) ^ ]^ $J- 'chi 
naam-cAi/m; to scrape iron 
out of the eye (J%f. nose) 
of the needle, ^f ^ -^^j 
^^ r/<?^m pi^ seuk' tif; 
thread the needle, ^ '^-j' 
ch^iien chum. 

Needle-woman, p^ ^^ ^ 
^^o-luen-*p'oh, ^ J ^ ^ 
*j;o sJiaam p'oh. 

Needless, ^'d^ 'm- sAct, ^ 



m-i7^ 



Needy, || ^ k'uung-fat. 
Nefarious, |,| ^ ^ch'au-ok\ 



Negative, ^J ® fj ^ /"»'- 
min -wa'-t'au,(po8itive& — ) 
^^ ^E£ yau-mo. 

Neglect, ^JIJ raong-^''e?^i\ 

^ IB ^^/^^^^/^^^ :^ ft 

shat-kok-', ^ |^ 'm-^oo\ 
Negligent, ^, ^ /^^Meuk. 
Negotiate, ^ ^ paan'- li. 
Xegro, ^^ :|J ;g y\^ hak 

Ja k'i yan. 

Negress, ^ ffi JM A ^^^'^ 

/a k'i Siue. 
Neigh, f^ jg^ sze-fuung. 

Neighbour, |I^^ luun-yan, 
fijj^ kaai-fong; Neigh- 
bour ! Sir : ^ i;5 ^ ^^^'^* 
/o/i^ rt ! He's the talk of 
the neighbourhood, j^ 

hai^ kaai lai '^/'•o?2^ /rp' I He 
is my next door neighbour, 

1g Pg Pi ii ft 'k'ue 

hai' kaak^ ii f/<2/e\ 
Neighbours, j^ J^ luun- li,. 

^ [H *2cMuun. 
Neighbouring, |(^ ^ luun- 

kan\ p^ g(| /;fla/i;'-li. 



NKS 



111 I 



XRT 



Neighbourly, ^'jf^^ 'ho- 

seung- ue. 
Neitlier nor, Zf^^ 

X ^ S ?'«^-8in^ — 



•m-hai\ |5pgj^ to. 

'm-liai\ 

Nephew, (daughter or sons of 
brothers, or sons of brothers- 
in-law) jj^ -^ chat-V.s2*, 
(sons of sisters, or of wife's 
brothers) ^[^^ ngoi' chat. 

Neptune, ^^ I^ Luung-wong, 
fQ: II 'hoi shan, fg ^ 
^ ''/loi wong sing. 

Nerve, JS ^ ® 'no-hi'- 
kan. 

Nervous, (timid) ^ ,^, ^ 
mo-cA»'-/ji\ (irritable) f^ 
'i^ ^ noi'-s/iewn</- ien^. 

Nest, ^^ ch'aau-2fo/i, ^ 
tew'; a nest ©f thieves, ^^ 
^ts'ak ch'aau; all the birds 
have gone to roost, §",|^ 
^ ^ 7?«rt/c' Siiu /;«'at 
ch'aau; bird's nest, ^ W 
/»^^ tau ; a dog kennel. 



of pigs, — 5?^' '/^'^ ''^"' 
f/ii/f; a brood of chickens, 
i/at tau kai ; 



— n 

a thieves' den, 
ts'aak tau 






Net, Jf5 mong; (a) — gg 
1^ dieting- mong, to lish 
with a net, ^ ^ Snong 
ue; to throw a net, 



saat "^raong; to bait nets 
with egg-white, ^ |^ 
tsewifi '^mong; to set a net, 
Si IH or IS $H Cheung 
*mong or chHt "^mong ; to 
net all at one swoop, to 
make a clean sweep, 



^S 2/«^ mong Vrt tsun^ 
to fall into the trap unwit- 

tingly, g fe ^ IH tsz' 
t'au loh *^mong; (lifting) -^ 
tsang; to let down the net, 
^ ^ Avra ^5f/n^, or :^ 
^ t'au ^.*;an//; to raise the 
^®t, ;|^ ^ Za«i ^«a;i^ ; to 
fish with u lifting net, fjfijjj 
■^ *^a2< ue; net weight, 
^ ^ tsens: '^ch'uuno-. 



NEX 



192 



NIG 



Nettle rash, ^ ^ fiinng- 

naait'. 
Neutral, "^Tf^j^'^ Heung- 

]iat-seung-ship'. 
Neutralize, (medicine) ^^ 

A:«firf-yeuk, (poison) |ff ^ 

/rrtfli-tuuk. 
Never, (past) ^jc^ mi^^yau, 

Jl5Kffi"en-lui-W,^ 

^& ^fsi/niifj-'^vao, (to come) 

^^ chuumi-pat, ^ Jg 



Nice, ^ ho, ^ iM ho~ 
>ung\ gf -^ Siga-/a?, 
(particular) -j^ ^,^ ^ssa- 
.■^ai^ (too) *j^ 4^ im-tsim^ 

Nickname, ^ ^ fa-*meng. 
iBi ^ '>vau'-*meng. 

Niece, ^ ^ chat-'"nue. 

Niggardly, g haan, -^ ig: 



ifk 



c . c c 

wmg- uen- mo: never 



f ' 



mo 



^^t .^ui-in. 



an 



mind, ^• 

5e?my /colin 
Nevertheless, 
New, gi san, ^ ^ s 

loi; a new hand, ^" -^ 

sa/i ^shau. 
News, ^ ^ «rt/i-*mun, ^ 

-^ sheng-hi^. 
Newspaper, ^ ^ ?^ san- 

raun- r/jt, ^ ^g yat po'. 
Newsvendor, ^ ^ ^ /|K 

P^ raaai san man cAi ^e . 
Next, ^ ^ tai^i^ ^ fs'se', 

fif 7^ ^-^a'-ha', (day, &c.) 

0^ H ™i"g-yat, &c., (near 

to) ^ ^^ kan^-chue\ 



p't-luun , ^^ luun'' sik. 

^'R^t? -^ ^ y^ ■ maan; 
night time, \^i^ B^ maan 
t'au; at night, ^ J)^ fl 
H^ ye maan /roA shi; 
towards nightfall, ^ _5^ 
aai maan; during the night, 
j^ H3 maan /caa^r; last 

^^'gl^^i ^ J5^ ^•''^^ maan; 
morning and night, i.e., 



early and late, Sl. 
Vso maan; advanced in 
years, R^ ^ maan nin; 
late in the evening, 
maan hak; supper, 



o 

aat , 



maan ts^aan. 
Aight-mare, »^ ,1^ muung - 
^ kivai-ehaak . 



Night-dress, 
shaam. 



^ 



NO 



193 



XOI 



Nimble, ^|;)^ fiing-facn,t^j^ 
jj^ fiKit -tsit. 

Nimbus, p^ ^ lie wun. 

Nine, ^ kau. 

Nineteen, -f- ^ sbap- kau. 

Nineteenth, ^ -\' jh tai 
shap kau. 

Nine-fold, j/L'^ ^'^^"^ p'ooi. 

Nine pins, ^ 3^1^ ^ t'au 
k'au hi : to p'ay at nine- 
pins, ^ :^ 59 ■? '^« 



taai taan i.^^ze. 



Ninety, ^ -p" A-au-shap. 
Ninth, ;^ ;^ i^\-'kau. 
Nip,t§i>il.,||j-lnm,;|^;;»y. 
Nippers, ^ *k'im. 
^ippl^? ^ ^ naai-t'au, 

Nirvana, ;^^ ^^ nip-p'oon. 
Nitre. ^^^^ haam-.s-7'u^^ siu. 

No, :^^ 4 ^'«^-s^v pg- 1^ 

'm-bai , ^^ mo ; no 
matter, 7^ j^ "^ mo 
s«?<7J/7 ^oA?/; no one, ^Jt" 
^ mo yau; no thorough- 
fare \ ^.^.'Si^fi \o pat 
tuung bang; Post no bills! 



(s'ze rh'-ue pat tak Vij) 
tBzc clii; no admittance 
except on business I Rj] A 
^ ^ baau yau 'niia 
tsuua . 

Nobility, "^ tseuk . 

Noble, ^ "^■* ii<7tcn-kwai y 
(minded) <j|^ j^ Vc'on^- 

mmg-(7/i//// -Laai . 
Nod, ^;^ V/,.-t'au, ^g| 
to-t'au,{],f]|ggngup-n'au; 
motion to him to come, 

^^ f@ f® ; liens and 
ducks bobbing to each other 
{i.e., bowing like old 
fnends), llggPJjIlllg 
kai t'au n^up aap t'au. 

Noise, ^ M^ sheng- heung. 

Noisome, :^ tnuk. 

Noisy, pSi [^ ts'o-naau ; 
as noisy as a fair, J^ jjtt* 
7a/e kom ts'o: Don't 



B 



deafen one Avith your noiael 

P)I^P® A^ raai ts'o yan 
i ; Don't make a noise, 
jig jtf p^ 'm ^ho ts'o. 



XOR 



194 



NOS 



Nominal, (merely) ^^^ 
W yau-meng-mo-shat, J^> 

Awe meng. 
Nominate, ^ ::^ t'ai-meng. 
Non-conductor, !!^^|^^ 

^ i^ i^"^ y^'^ ti^ ^^* '^"^ 
mat. 

None, ^ mo. 



Nonsense, p^f^ ngaam -wa , 



oo-shuct ; ^ ^s'oi/ Pooh! 
what nonsense are you 
talking! 0«j5^ If |ga^ 

fe'o/ /ar/^ ngaam wa me ! 
Nonsense ! the Plague take 

yo"! "?R S f4^ ^«'«^" 

wan ni ! 
Nook, •^ l(oli, ^ gg ^o/t 

t'au. 
Noon, ^2 ^f/'i -cA(3M , j£ 

■^ clang'' - 'ng. 
Noose, ^^ sliang-lcit , ;^ 

iS lo- shue-¥eJc , (to) JS 
/ fc /;;'(•/•; -chue . 
Nor {see Neither). 



North, ;(t; pah, (N. E., &c.) 
^ :f(j tuung-2)ah, &c ; 
the north star, ;^^ .^ 
^;a/: ^//<, ;^[^ J^ ^xt^ shan; 
the north pole, :^(^ :|^ 
2mk kek. 

Nose, _^ pi , ^"^ pi -A'oA; 
the bridge of the nose, 
M ;|^ pi leung ; the 
mucus discharge of the 



nose, js V% pi t^(ii ; tip 
hicn; a hooked or Roman 



of the nose, 



nose 



, ^ ^ /i^«5?< 



Pi 



or 



•|^ SI ^ ("^9 ^oli pi ; 
nose running, '^ ^ ;?fC 
lau pi s/iwi; Follow your 
nose, i.e., go straight ahead! 

S?. ft^l^ * ^^""' p" 

Ixoli hue ; terribly afraid, 

SWSS^I^pi'^^^ 

to mo yuuk. 
Nosegay, ft ^ ^ sin/rt- 
*k'au. 



Nostril, ^^\j pi - huung, 
pi -hmng. 



XUT 



195 



NOW 



Not, Jf.rf'f^ ^|S./', P§ 'm; 
not lieve, p2.|j^']^ 'm hni 

/coA ; not serious, ^j''B.>|>0 
-^ mo mat ifrioir/ kohv ; not 
very good, pg-j^^^'m 
Lai ki ho; not yet, ^'Q* 
mi ts'ang, PS-*^ ni ts'anjj. 

Xotable.jJM ^r/^H^<^r//^/u/^^ , 
^ '^ //-sheunj;. 

Notch, gj] P koht'-'hmi, (a) 
^A'''<i!', J5q P pnnq- hau. 

Note, (to) IB h\ gg >^ 
^/ -chue , (sound) -g //i^/n, 
(a paper) — ^^ yat- 
cheiuig-i%ZQ , (money) 



n\ 



ngan- cAi. 



Xotepaper, ^g Ast/j. 
Nothinfc, ^t-{l^^ 'mo-ma^ 

Ve, ^ i^ Sno-mat, ^ 

^» mo- ye. 
Notice, -^ Q ^0 paak, (to) 

chi-Un\^% kin-tak,^^ 
^^ t^ai-kin ; to give notice, 
jg£ ^ t'uwu/ chi; official 
notice, -^ 7J\ /("o shi . 

Notification.^ ^ 770 -^^an. 

Notify, *p ^po'-chi. 



Notion, /^( ]}f| s<'M»^-t'aii. 
Notoriety, ^i^ /a-*meng 
Notwithstanding. §^4j^,s/a-in 
Nonn, ^'J ^ shaL-tsze^ 
Nourish, ^^ yeung, ^ 

young-yuuk. 
Nourisliment, ^ ^ ^ 4 

yeung .s7/a;/^ /tc mat, ^^ 
^ Ve"iiK "lat. 
Novel, (ii) /K gl^ sw-shuet ; 

(AUJ.) ^ 5^m, ^ ig 

k'i ktcaai . 
Novelty, $/p ^M san-yenng , 

November, ^ ^ — - ^ 
Ft>?^-sliap-//rt/-uet. 

Novice, ^ ^</J ^ rt -ch'oh- 
^f>h, ^[ -^ .sr/rt .sArt?<; 
J^ ^ shang shau. 

Now, ^-^ x\c-kum, ^~J^ 
Jca.%n, Jfli ^ i-krK Pji^^ 
0^ rij chan shi; Ij^H^ in 
shi; ^^ in' /i:^/w; $p ^ 
ue /.a^y/; before now, ;5t B$ 
.s/n shi; now high now low, 

shi rco, yau shi ^<»". 



NUN 



i9(; 



NUX 



Noxious. ^ ok'', ^ tiiuk. 

Nozzle, pH V.sMi. 

Nudity, )jg ^. JItf t^uee. 

chHk'-lah\ 
Nugatory, ^ ^ hue-i'o. 
Nugget, ^ gg /r?<;«-t'au. 
Nuisance, )^ l-fffi 00-/6O, .^ 

Mf^ rhUiu^ -nmt. 
Null and void, Jg^IRA?'- 

tsze'-Vit. 
Numbed, ;j|^ Jjg ma-muuk, 



Number, ^ s//o', (No.) ^ 

tai\ 

Numeral, -^ g :^ sAo - 
muuk-t3ze\ 

Numerically, ^^ ^ diiu^- 
sho\ 

Nun, (3 kinds) ^ ^ srwm- 
/'o^, (viz.) (Buddhist) ^ 
^ ui-Z'O^), (Tanist) '^ 
jtfi to'-A'(^., ^ ^ 
(unconnected Avith either 
of the two named) chaai- 
koo, (Rom. Cath.) 
-^ snu-to -^nue. 



Nunnery, j^ '^ o;//-t'ong, 
^ |]^ ^ 1^ 'nue sf«< to 
'wn, gyjj ^j^ s.?? ^00 om; 
to enter a convent, i.e.^ 
take the veil, j7^ j^ yap o))i. 

Nurse, ^ ^f| a^-*nta. more 
frequently called, ^ ^^ 
r/ '.s//7^m ; (wet) ^ ^,^ 
^naai-w/f, *^j^ •^B| shup- 
ma, (dry) ^ ^l| kohn- 
ma, (to) ^^^ if'((i -'naai, 
(carry) :[|y 'p'o; give (the 
child) to the wet nurse 
or mother, j$ ^ t§ :fc 
pi naai k'ne shik, or ^^ 

y/(7»?; "Whom does the child 
nurse ? ^ ^ ^/^ BS 

^ymn mat yan /^e ?a".^ 
Nursery-garden, f§^ igj ^ 

n?<»-shue -*uen. 
Nut, ^ -^ hat-Vsse. 
Nut-crackers, ;j^ -^p ^ hat- 

^s^e-k'im. 
Nutmeg, ^ ^^ tan -tau . 
Nutshell, M -f- ^ 'kwoh- 



tsze-liok . 



Nux-vomica, jP^"^ ma-ts'in. 



OBE 



197 



OBL 



o 

'Oak, ;f^ tsoniig^ cliustnut 
oak, ^^^|^*;j^.j tseniiQ- nnn 
shiie ; acorn flour, ,f^''^ ^ 
tseuncr fun; oak bark, ^^'^ 
tS &. t^seung shue^ p'i; 
{Quercus serrafa) ;jg lik. 

Oakum, :j5^jigjjC^ sm-Xaa^m- 

Oar, ;;fj |g n'n-^fsrung. 

Oasis, fcl; g| tfi ;2 ^^ i^ 

5/«« mok rliuimg he '^ts'o l\ . 

^ maug-shai ; to take 
an oath (in court) g^ ^^ 
Jl^ wa shai nen , -^^ 
f/^i shai , or ^j| ^ /^^a/'^ 
shai ; to burn a written oath 
(before the gods) 'a^^^ 
«/«■?/ shai rhprnig; to vioUite 
an oath,. ^^ pooi %\ya\ . 

Oatmeal, (coarse) -g| g< ^ 
^<o-mak-/!/;i. 

Obedient, g}g |g Peng-^2^, 
t'eng-wa -Irp . 

Obese, — >^ ^tjatshanymxh 
14 



Obeisance, ^§J; /'<1!rt'^'-kwai^ 

wa . 
Object, i{^ff mat-kin', (of a 



ve 



rb) }^;r 



shoh 



(aim) ;gfoJ i^.heung\-^^ 
|nj chi-heimg . 
Object, (to) 7g,|} %ig.pok\ 
(as an inferior) ,^I^ ^^'^Z*:^- 



ObHgation, 2JJ ^ ^^oo»-fun , 
(a debt) |[^ cJiPung . 

Obh'ge, (force) ^^ kciam, ^^ 
'k'eung; oblige me, ^Jj^ 
^ yeung /ivwA Sigoh ; 
oblige by letting him go 

f^-st'RtE^'nyeung^ 

k'ue sin hang ; oblige (or 
compel) you to do it, ^ 
f^t ^ fcaam ni tso ; I 
was reallv forced to it, ^ 

^ :k ® ^^""»^ 'ngoii 

taai naan. 
Obliged, (innclO ^ ^^. toh- 
talc, j^ -1^ /s?/i//j- ling. 

Obliging, |l[ri f^ shuun'- 
ts'ing, ^ fj^ ioh 'lai. 



OBS 



198 



OBT 



Oblique, 5j|* ts'e, ^s'e', 
^ ts'e j»^; oblique Sun- 
days, ^ 1^ ts'e yeung; 
a cross wind, ^ ^ ts'e 
finmrj; the afternoon Biin 

is hot, 01101'^ •^''" ts'e it. 
Obliterate, j^ z^ mxt-lm^ . 
Oblivion, ^/^ uionK-moot. 
Oblong, -^ ^ ch'eang-/tf«^, 

Q ^;^)at-tsze -*yenng . 

Obloqi;y, ^ j^ ling-yuuk; 

to be patient under obloquy, 

Obscene, ^^g P ^s'o- liuu ; 
(language) "^^ |g fsU) 
*wa'; ff 7f£ 00 /s'o. 

Obscure, j|^ ^ yrnt- miu. 

Obsequies, g^ jjjg /.so»// lai, 

sze : to bewail the dead, ^ 
^ tiri sonfj; to watch by a 
corpse, ^ ^ sAf«< song ; 
mourning staif carried by 
eldest son, ^^\^ huulc 
song p'aang ; to report a 
parent's death, ^B ^ po^ 
song ; the bereaved family, 
^ ^ song ka. 



Obsequious, -j^ jjp fuuk- 
shuun', '^jil^ //nn-yeung', 
P^ ^ y?«"J-yau, (to the 
rich) ^ ^f^ gj^ paak-%'- 



ngaan. 



Observe, ^J^ i"r«', ^ Z:o(?;?, 

(keep) -j4- 5/ian. 
Obsolete, J|| faai , -j^ ^ 



^'rta* kau . 



Obstinate, ^ :^ ?|^ p'i-A» - 
ngaang^ g] j^ koo^-chiq), 

pat tming, ^ ^j^ c/iwj> 
<■'«" 5 ^^ ^\ ttciu^- 'ceng ; 
sticks out till he gets his 
own way, ^^ gj {^ ;g 
[r afti< /<? tiin'' wai chi. 
Obstruct, Bfl^^j c/w/i-chue\ 

A^ sak-clme'. 
Obstruction, |^ :^^ fong- 
ngoi , j5[^ ^? choh-saJc, 
^ ^ ngoi' sze', ^ ^ 



ugoi mat. 



Obtain, ^^. JlJ /a/c-^^o, ;^ 

fc'w*. 
Obtrusively, Q Jg tsze'- 
shiu^, fM ^ sbiu^-k'uen. 



OUT 



V.K) 



ODD 



Obtuse, ^f^ tuuti\ 

Obviate, ^ Siiin, % ^ 
m'm-fak. 

Obviously, 1^ ^ tonff-min . 

Occasion, ^ ^ ki-ooi\ 
(time) J^\: ^u'aai. ^ 
shi liau', (no) ]^ 
'm- s/icd, (tfi) j|5 .s/jc<t. 

Occasional, ^ Q^ "uak-shi. 

OccaBionally, :^ [J^ yau 
shi. 

Occult, IJjj ^ / /'-mat. 

Occupation, ^ ^ sze -ip, 
X ^ kuimg-foo. 

Occupy, (take possession of) 
^ kne\ >f;t chue\ 

Occur, ^ ^ — .ue'-V'i" — ■ 

Occurrence, ^ sze"*, ^ "^ 



sze /ro///i . 



Ocean, 7^ y^ yeung- //<??, 
-j^ j:^ taai' yeung. 

Ochre, ^^ shek-wong, ^ff^ 
;g 'cAe-'shek, j}{f ^^ /s'se- 



wong. 



Octagon, ^ /V ^ yau 
])(mt kolc , x^ y^ {^ yau 
^wa/' min ; an octagonal 
table, /\^ 1^1 1^ paat sin 



t'oi ; a small octagonal 
board with the eight 
trigrams from the Yik 
Kin'j wiitten round it. 
hung up over doors, etc., 
for luck, J\ ^|\ paat' 
hva ; hence, a wall clock, 
with a visible pendulum, 
is called, y\ ^I. ^^ ^ 

^li Pf^^^i ''^^^''^ '^le mi 
chuung. 

October, ^ -J^ ^ Ying- 
shap-uet. 

Ocular, ^P; ^ ngaan-/ri/t . 

Oculist, RP;^ ngaan-/, ^^ 
f4 S ^ Sigaan-/./.-.- 
sluing. 

Odd, (single) ^ A/, ^ /rtflu; 
one who levies black mail, 
^ ^ ^ ^/rt taan ts'aak; 
a single specimen, 83 J 
— ■ -^ taan teng gat koh ; 
only one way here, ^^ 
^ tei» ;jw lo . ^ leng, 
(strange) -^ »|*5 ^ koo- 
kwaa%\ ^ k'i, -^ fj 
k'i /c^mfti , |jj ^ (7i'j«<^ 
k'i. 



OFF 



200 



OFF 



Odds, the odds are in his 
favour {Hi. nine to ten it 
won't sink) + '(}l jl f;-^ 
phap ch'ani kriu p'o ; odds 
and ends, Hj^ ^ saj) siii^, 
"fY ^ snap (srrp) siii , or 
^ ^ ^-5 ^ leng- leng 
sui siii^; odd jobs, ^^ 
"|~ -^ Icng- .??/» I'utmfjf foo. 

Ode, 1$ .s/^'; 7V/e i.Vw//: o/ 
0<Zp5, f$ ^ >*?;«■ yfce/?^; the 
four divisions of the Boolts 
of Odes, Ptj g^ 526 s//i; 

a single ode, — -"j^ |^ ijat 
shan shi. 
Odious, "p]* ^v hoh-oo^. 
Odium, (incur) fg/v jg ^«^'- 

yan-han . 
Odour, § ^ heiing-hi', (bad) 

^ ^ clfau^-hi . 

of,^^Z — '■^^»' — "^ 

/:e\ (courac) @ ^^c 



tsze^-in, (made of) |^- 



-tso\ 



Off, ^ /»/^' . If^ li, (distant) 
^ "^uen, (off the stao'e) ^^ 
^ /«ro7i -tso\ (be off) ^p 

f))/»M-7f^;t;l:{l2^V/i'eiok'; 



to take off, (clothes) fj^ 
fvet , ;^|j mok ,- badly off, 
^ ^ p'an foo; well off, 
^P^ M ts'oi; a little way 

uen; off Hongkonof, ^y^ 
p §i ZMW Hnmrj 

Kong seung tui he '^hoi 
min; off and on, i^^ ^^ 

wong loi ; to get off', "TJ 
ha ; to run off, ^ pun; be 

off, -i- a|lj ^'^'^' ^«- 

Offence, ^k tsui , (to take) 

l|^iS hin-hvnai' ; a public 

offence, ^ 3^ Icuung tsui^. 

Offend, "-^ :^n /;Y)/?w-faan . 

Offer, gf V^«(', f^-p W- 

/<rm, (a price) \W ch'-uut, 

j^ waan, (present) ^^ pi, 

55| suung\ Jt)^ /nn , 

(promise) |g ^ yn?^- 

flhing. 

Office, (building) g ^ :fg 

se-tsze'*-*lan, ^ 'imo/i.-^ 

*fong, (eituation) |^ cAiy^ ; 

post-office, ^f^ilg '5^^^ 






OIN 



201 



OMK 



Officer, ^ J^ I'oon- foo ; an 
acting odicLT, :!>ifi cb'ue 
y*'^'^ ^ ^ cb'ue koon ; 
to dismiss from office, _^ 
^ kaak^ c/iii'c; military 
officer, ^ 'l^ Siio koou ; 
civil officer, ^ [^ muu 



Koon. 
Official, *^ koon ; official 
document, ^ ^ kiiung 
nuin : official prohibition. 

Officious, ^ .^ fo/i-s7.e^, ioh- 

sze -/:« . 
Offinc^, '^ ^ yeung min\ 
Often, ^ P^ ioh-tH'zp, j^ 
^ Ine^^.'./, //^ ^ll 
Vto ^oA chewH/\ ^ ^ <^ 
Ao M wan, ^ :^ 'mooi 
mooi. 

OglC' ^ Bp; :ft tiu-^ng^&u- 

kok . 
Oh ! H^ P^ ai-!/a .' 

^il' Vft V'l"- 

Oiled cloth, ygj ^ jau-fo\ 

Oil painting, y^T^f-yau waak. 

Oiled paper, yffj Jf^ yau-*^fAi. 

; /fco-yeuk. 



Ointment, *M' 

I' J 



Old, ^. 4p 'lo-nin, :^ ;^ 
lo taai , (things) -^ kau . 

C)ld fashioned, -^ H^J^ koo 

c 
paan. 

Olea fragrans, ^J^-^^tE ^'"''^ 
/."ftY/» -fa. 

Oleander, ^ YS 9- ^'"^'^'' 

chimk-i^o. 
Olibanuni, ^ § \\Q-heiinj^ 

m fi t'o-'ue. 
Olive, j^ 1^ 'kom-'laam, 

(foreign ) 7K ^ dP '«^""- 
Vmz<?j^ - ^tsze ; (Oanariuni 
album) g^gpaak Va^f;;;; 
(Canarium puuela) ^^ ^ 
ofl *^7rta«/ ; salted olives, ^^ 
|.f| haam *^/r7f/»i; Adam's 
Apple, \^ |g bau 'ham; 
Don't say a word ! ^ ;^^ 
i§ bom mnuk 'laam. 

Omelet, ||3|f- /^«i-taan'- 
^peug. 

Omen, ^(< ^ cbiu'-t'au ; a 
favourable omen, ^^Q, ^^^ 
cbiu^; a bad omen, ^ ^^ 
huung chiu . 



oxc 



202 



OPA 



Omit, i^ lau\ nil laai , g 
■4^ v^a]-shat; to omit a 
letter, |p — :!^ -^ lau' 
?/a^ tsze^ 1110 ; omitted to 
account for, "^^ ^^ hxv' 
sho\ 

Omnipotent, $1^ pjf ^ H^ 
mo- shoh-pat-n^iug, ^ ^^ 
ts'iien-nano;. 

Omnipresent, ^ ]fij| yfi ^ 
mo- s?ioh-]Ktt-tsoi . 

Omniscient, ^ ^Jf ^ ^ 
mo- shoh-pat-cJii. 

On, J^ slieiing\ (to be) ^ 

_J^ tsoi' slienng , 

pj^ /«rn; and so on, -^ 
-2-- wan wan; on account 
of, P^^ ;'A'/' wai^ on a 
sudden, ^^ fX fat in ; on 
all sides, ^j^ |^ .s^e' ch^ue^, 
j]^ ^ c/m?« wai ; on good 
terms, ;;|!^^ sning ho ,- on 
arrival, ^</]^\] ch'oli to^ ; on 
purpose, ^ ^^ /i;oo' i\ 

Once, — [gj pat-ooi, — ft^ 
yat-cheung , — • ^Jp. yat- 
Vaai, (at) fjlffj /.^/^'-shi. 



One, — yat, — ■j^ ynt-koh j 
(single-) ip, /cw?i; one by- 
one, ^ — • ^ ^ chuuk 
y/a^ chuuk i^; one and all, 
— ^ yat tot' ; one-eyed, 
13.1111 ^''f'" ^ngaan. 

One sided, ^ /in, — • (p 
yat-pHn. 

Onion, ^^ ^ tsHivng-i^zxx., 
Y^^ ^^ fl|^ yeung ts^ming 
t'au ; Spring onions, ^^^ 
shang ts^uung. 

Only, ^ frtfl??, ^^ tuuk, -^ 
taan\ :J^^ tunk-bai', jjj^ 
'^chi, yfsi^ patlcivoh'; (as 
a final ) frt3 che ; only son, 

|ffi •^ "dF" ^'''^^ tuuk fese. 
Onset ) 

Onslaught j 

Onward, [wj'py" heung' -t'&^xn ; 

an onward movement, 

■^ ts'in hang. 
Ooze, '^ ^^ s7«/m -lau . 
Opal, (Spurge, Euphorbia) 

.^B^ ???««?^ i ngaan, 

B^ ^ mr('«?« ""ngaan shek. 

Opaque, ^5S3fe 'm-^'^"*" 
kwong. 



,'h y^Wk-kuimg. 



OPI 



203 



OPP 



Open, pQ hoi., (fix open) 
rh'aamf^ (out) S^ ^ foo 
hoi, (-faced) ^ fi .•>"»?</- i 

S/^«M- (-/(/-s/^o//, (wide apart) j 
^ v^<?//; to break open,:^ 
P^ /^j Aot; to open shop, 

•Operation, ^-^ ^ /"so/c -wai, 
T. ^ I,ini)ii/-f(>o, (surgical) 

Ophthalmia, |P; ^ ngaau- 

ching . 
Opiate, ^ 1^ ^& rhi -shui - 

yeuk. 
Opinion, ^ ^ i -kin . 
Opium, ^!| j=^ ii-j)H)i^, (coll.) 

opinm, 5^^ j=i^ ^ fl? yw' 
naai ; opium dross, ^^ ti^ 
^ « />'i>i^ 5^1; opium pipe, 
'J® /^^ '" ts'eung; opium 
8ot, i^ ^ m kwai; 
licensed opium divan, ^ 
jf^ hiiung in ; opium den, 
^ ij;Q i in; Opium dross 
■collector's cry, J^ 
^hau in shi. 



Opium-shop, ^^ ^ in- koon, 
Opopauax, gj fg ^^f. tnuk- 

OOt-A'O. 

Opponent, ^ ^ ////^-•t'au, 
j^ -^ Lik- .s/^/i^ 

Opportunely, "(^ ^ hop-'^ho^ 
|1^ ngaani. 

Opportunity, :|^^ ^ /a'-ooi . 

Oppose, §^ f//i', ;tg 'k'ue, 
^5ttg h^ong'-\^n.,^^^ 
^tong-clm(i\ '^ j^ ^w'''- 
chue . 

Opposite, §^ 15 ti/i^-mm, 
(contrary) -J^ JX- -s^"'*^" 
yaan, t^ ^ seung pooi\ 
[hJ //«!f/j// ; opposite the 
north, (oj :|[^ /ie?</'./ i'"^"' 
long is the opposite of 

Bhort, ft fi ^12: it 

ch'eung wai tnen Ice tin ; 
my house is opposite the 
Governor - General's ( i.e. 
Viceroy's) Yamcn in Canton, 

;^ ® P^ #)• ® 1'^' 

ue^ tsoi^ uet tuung chi^ t'oi 
ke^ nga moon tui^ min ; 



OPU 



204 



ORA 



exactly the opposite TU<i'».A- 

»^ sze^ ngainn ngaam seiing 
yawK 



K \CQimg-aat , 
® ^ Z;vr«/t'-chiin]v ; to 
oppress the people, ^^ ^ 
~^j(^c(it ho? ]mak .sing. 

Opproln-i-nis, g]^ ^ V'"-pol^'» 
fp?- t^ ''^° maaii\ j^ 
^ )uak mn'': opprobrious 
language, ^ A ^ IS 
^1^ ma' yaii Ice^ sliuet' \va\ 

Optician, 5i£ BR ^ ^ tso' 
ngaan Zv;?// f/w'. 

Optics, if[|;2 Ji ^^"' ^^* '^'' 

jffl #f^ ^/'t-^ bok, ± ^ 
kwong hok. 

Optional, [|^ -[^ ts'm-*pin , 
|gj jg ts'ni i\ (for) ^ 
3^ ts'ui-tsoi , j^-f^ ts'ui- 
tak ; it is optional, do as 
you like, f^ 15: ^^ yam' 
'ni t', or fi ^ fj^ yam' 
yau ni. 

Opulent, ^ ^ fuung-foo , 
H jf.M>''hau, B^ 
/?/w/?^ shing'. 



Or, ;^ waak, ^p^ yi/r-waak, 
P^ pi', (-else) ^ 



ting -hai . 



Orach, ^ "^ loi- /s'o. 
Oral, pi ^ //c«/- /lOn^, /mw- 

•iong-ice . 

Orange, (coolie) ;|^ "ch'aang, 

(loose skinned) ^)^ kovx, 

(small smooth) ^^f^ ^^«^ 

tsni (red mandarin) ^^ 



ii^4^ r/^^^e-s/<a-/i;a/; orange 
wine, ^ff!® ch'aang ?".<;««; 
candied oranges, 5||)^ ;^ 
t'ong ch'aang ; sweet oranges, 
IH]' ;^ t'im ch'aang ; as 
acid as an orange, ^ ptt* 
^jt ch'aang Zrom' maan; 
orange peel i'f]' jj^ ^^Of^ P*i; 
the slices of an orange 
taste alike, i.e., share and 

share alike, :3' tt!" i^I B^ 

fan kom t'liung mi ; to bet 
on the number of seeds 
found in an orange, ^ 
ic^^ ]ioi kom pin; nutmeg 
oranges, ^ ^^ ^ s^e' 
kicai^ kat; orange comfits, 
^^ ^% ^'^i pc'W '■ ail 



ORD 



2or) 



ORG 



orange linnpf over the door 
for luck, ,Yj P^ ^r^ Hu' 
moon hat (wht re i^ =^'^) 5 
a shrivelled np old man, 

/rr/^ y//;;j /'oA/? ; not ^orth 



anything, pg {jfj 



'ni cliik //«^ Ao/i 



laau leaf. 
Orang-outan<r 



si>}f/, or s/j«»/y shany. 
Orator, ^ '^^ -|;; /w-t'aara- 



chmm(f koncj che, 
hong ''che. 



tong 



\ 



Orb, 1"^ hum, 3^ k'aii. 

Orbit, ^ ^ chau-io . 

Orchartl, !^ {^ Z'^roA-nen. 

Orchis, ^ 1^2 laan-/r/, ^ 
fill ^)i ^hek-.<ii/i-t'o. 

Order, (arrangement) P^ ^ 
/s'?e''-tai ,^]^/5'^c'-tsue , 
^^ ts'aiig-/s'2e , (to) g^ 
p(^ fun-foo^; to come in 
regular order, if^ -g ^ 
lunn lok lai ; out of order, 
0|j luen ; an order for 
goods, ;^ ^ U ^(siii foil 



taan ; an order for money, 

ffi ^ nj.'^»'i i''«"'; to call 
over names in a specified 
order, ^:^^^^;^./.;i' 
W-ze Urn meng ; tlic five 
ancient orders of feudal 
rank, J.^"*- ng Ueul: : i.e., 
Duke, /^ i^ kutiny tseuk^. 
Marquis, {^tivj- hau tscuk^; 
Earl, "g" ^ paak tseulC; 
Viscount, -^ '^ fsze 
tseuJc ;. and Baron, ^ "^ 
naam fseulc^. 

Orderly, ^ ^ t'ing-/<j«^ ; 
an orderly officer, ^^ 
g chik yat Icoon. 

Ordinary, 2p*S^ p'ing-sheung. 

Ordure, ^£ /H;i\ 

Ore. ^1^ kivonn ; iron ore ^ 
^P Pit' k/ro/u/. 

Organ, (musical) ;:;/c M ^ 
taai'-/Mi/y?^-k'um ; to play 
on, 511 t'aan, (any) ^ /a'; 
the five organs of sense, 

3l *^ *^"8' /'■<'^'': the 
organ of hearing, ^ 'g' 
Peng koon; the vocal organ, 
'j^ shevg koon. 



OST 



206 



OUR 



Orifice, pj hau, ^^ h'iu , |^ 

lunng, If^ Sigaan. 
^I'igi"' i^ H uen-t'an, ]g 

Tf C lieu- jwo». 
Originally, gj 2|v nen- jwon, 

^ ^ uen-loi. 
Originate, j|l] j^ chonrj -\,%o , 

^Jl ^ e/roh-'/ti. 
Oriole, WT p^ wong- niu, w 

*w w'oug-aiir/. 
Ornament, "^ ^ muii-a/uZ:, 

(to) ?K fB '■houg-sJiik. 
Ornamental, ^ geft ^ho-''t*ai, 

^ Z"^/ ; ornamental writing, 

;:^ ^ fa tsze\ 
Orphan, ^ ^ -^ Zroo-oi- 

Orpiment,;^^ hiuing-wong. 

Orthodox, J£;^^^''hinj -Icaau . 

Orthography, j£ ^ c/^'^;/ 

3^ ; rules of orthography, 

IE S 2: ft ^^^'^^^ '^^ 

he" faat. 
Oscillate, ^ i^ iu-jjarti. 
^sprey, f g ngok. 
Os-pubis, ^ ►«* Icaau-kwut 
Ostensible, ^ ^ ming-wai. 



Ostentations, ^ ^^ maai - 
luung ,^t^luung - Iiaau, 

Ostler, ^ ^ ^ )^^ a 

'^ 05 ^ "^^oi^ /ift^'/^ ue"* 
liu' li ma p^at die. 

Ostracion, <=^ "^ ngan-ue. 

Ostrich, iip .1^ t'oh- niu. 

Other, ^ :^ tai'-i' (to be 
followed by the proper 
classifier), B|j 'jfe pit-Zcf^^ , 

S'] P'*^' Iffii ^'"' (provinces) 
^K ^ ngoi -Z-o;?^; the 
other day, fUj ^ ts'in 
hi yat. 

Otherwise, )^lj ^ pit-yeung , 
^ Pg # yeuk-'m-hai\ ^ 

Otter, Mj Ijjii shami-ch'-aat , 
(sea-) ^ 1^ hoi-ch'aat ; 
a boat-woman, |^ ch'aat' 
tsai. 

^^ ying-koi, (not) ^^ PJ 

j;f/^ /io//, ^ ^ 'm- ho. 
Ounce, (Chinese) ^ '^leung, 

(Eng.) -b ^ 3S. ^s'a^ 

ts'in- 'ng. 
Our, ^PiB(S 'ngoh.ti^/.A 



OUT 



207 



OVA 



Oat, 1^ ch'nuf, ^Y "go" ■' 
tlic lire is out, j^.B. ^^"'^ 
sik : hear me out, ^^ ^1 

/:o>n/ lUMi ; ?hut him out, 

k"ue yap lai; to come out 
of, jj;] ch'-tait ; come out, 

fi^ulj^R ^^"S r/j'?m/ lai; 
he has goue out, j^ [jj 
^r ""k'ue ch^imt Jcaai ; to 
take out of a box, ^ 4|^ 
J^ []} yau 6r2;»// /i'i«' 
r/nnif: made out of gold, 

1^ ^ f5f :2 ^'^'■' ^^^''^ 

tso"* Z:f : out of work, "^ 
J± 31 ^ ^0 '"^^ Jcm/ng 
foo ; out of the way, ^ 
jj*^ k'i kiraai^; out of 
door», ^ ^K !«//■: ngoi'; 
out of favour, ^^J^, s^^^^ 
y^r?? ; out of town, ^ /^U 
shiiig ngoi\ 

Outcry, P^"^ //ar///; - foo. 

Out-house, ^1% ^ ngoi - 

ch'ong, ^K ^ ngoi -mile, 

(a lean-to) J^ -j^ ^ wi<?- 



Outlay. ^ J]|| a/(flr/ yuung , 

or Qi f 5 \s/<^//- /;/t\ 
Out-let, ^ J5 ;n/.''-lo\ 
Outrage, f^^ ^t- "aang-po'. 
Outrageous, ^ ^ mo-to . 
Outright, Ip ^ij As'j/r /m/r, 

m ^ t'<>j^ si'i- 

Outrun, :J f§ '^ ^^s«" /«* 

Outset, Vf^ '■c//'t ^ "j^ Vit 
s/w«, ^<7J -^ ch-t>h po\ 

Outside, ^j. ngoi\ ^\ g^ 
ngoi -fan, ^K [^ ugoi^- 
min\ ^K ^ ngoi^-pin\ 

Outstretched, -^rjj [^ shan 
chek, -j^ ^ s//^/» hoi', 
stretched out dead, -Y^ i]|[ 
^j s/ifl'H chik /jp2/A- ; what 
price will it fetch at a 
pinch, [^ ^ ^ ■^ ^^^c-^ 
ngan toh xhiu. 

Outward, fpj ^U ^^i<;/^'-ngoi , 



ntroi 



mm' 



(appearance) ^\'^\ Dgoi'- 



maau 



Oval, ||.!| |:^ 3^ ngoh-f//>?<«- 
•yeung^ ■^ ^ taan* 
*yeung^-^ 



ch'eung uen. 



OVE 



208 



OYE 



Oven, ^ J^ kuuk-lo. 
Over, ^ ktcoh\ (above) J^, 
shell uic\ (something over) 

over the city, ^ Jg 
Pitung flhing; over ten, -t- 
^^ /^ bhap ki koh^; to 
pass over, ^ -^ /;76'oA^ 
hiie^; over and over again, 
^ ^ ^h;i /..',..\ 
Over anxious, ^ g ^ |ft 
/s'm yaz^ raaan'^ kie^, jj^ 

Overbearing, ^] ^ pa -hi . 
Overbalance, -J^ ^ f-aaP 

chuung\ 
Overboard, ^ ^h shuen 

ngoi\ 
Overcast, ^ ^ /a'-wan. 
Overcome, (to) ^ ^{jjl] Aacr/c- 

ehm\^\]^^ chai' -iuuk, ]g 

Overdo, (to) ^ jj^ ^'«ra'^ 

shoh isok^ t-aai toh. 
Overdone, ~j^ ^ Paai^ 

shuuk. 
Overdue, 3!^ ^ kicoli k'i. 



Overflow, -^ -j^ 5^ '^shid- 
moon-ku'oJi/' , V^ tsanv'. 

Overgrown, ^ '^ sJir/ng- 

c 
moon. 

Overhead, ^J^J^ tsoi' t'au 

sheung . 
Overhear, ^ ^^ p'ong-^'M^. 
Overland, j^^ ]^g luuk lo'; to 

go u\ erland, ^ |I_^ J^^ ^ 

yau luuk lo //ue\ 
Overlarge, "J^"^ i'<'<-fi taai\ 
Overlay, ^ /y'o, ^ to' 



Overload, (to) ^ iffn ;;J^; g 

i'so/'* mat ^'ft«i'' chuung\ 
Overlook, ^ j[j3 p'ong-shi\ 



(not see) pg. ||^ 'm- ^'rtt, 

{see Oversee). 
Overmuch, -4;^ ^ t-aaC-toh, 

^ S SS toh-kwoli -i'&n. 
Over-night, 



night's lodging 



sunk; 
and 



meals. 






one 
two 
7jat 



sunk hung ts'aaii; to detain 
over-night, -^^ l^u sunk; 
5^^^ k'au sunk ; to lodge 
or pass the night, ■f^^ or 

^ ?5 ^'^^' ^"^^^'' ! ^'^'^^ ^®^^ 
over-night turns sour, p^ 



OVE 



200 



owx 



^fiRl^'?^'^""^^'y'^'^^"' 



hai suuk. 
Overpass, >"g net, JJJJ, Jg 

laanr'-k/roh^. 
Oyev^o^s■ev, (to) liijjJl^X 

S lik fuuk yan, g^i ^R 

k'eniii' funk. 
Over-rate, (to) ^ |f /«/< 

tak t^aai' toh. 

Overrun, (as types) ^^ ^«zm\ 

Oversee, '^ J^ /t;;/i-'li, J^ 
^ c/ny^''- koon. 

Overseer, (la the sense of an 

Inspector, a Superintendent, 

or Bishop) ^ ^ kaam- 

ttnik, (of ^vorkinen) ^' JQ 

A;oo/? kiainff. 

Overspread, .^ |j^ che-2}ai\ 

S M ^^^^-^-'^^'^ cover it 
more that way, ^ :^ ^Jg 
5^^ ft;'oi ^^fo/i^ A;tf/i t'au 
7«?i« ; clouds overcast the 
moon, ^ ti^ /J \van pai' 
uet. 



Overtlirow ) ^-. ^, c . c 

■ ' Afi '^I ^'"- ''^ 
Overturn j 

^tuf^l ^''»" ''''' trial '/^'- 

Vo ; overthrow his argu- 
ments, ^ ^0] I'iii' '/o. 

Overweening, 3!^ ^ k/ro/i*- 
ugo\ 

Overwhehn, J^ {^ ch'um- 
moot. 

Overwhelm in<r, @ ^ kik- 
shum'. 

Oviparous, ^^ feaan'-.s7i««y, 
6n ^ ''luaii-shanij. 

Owe, A^ /«'m'; to owe a debt, 
/^ iM '"''*' cAa«i ; to owe 
money, '^^ him ngan. 

Owigg to, 111 !/un, ^ g 
.J 
I/an wai . 

t^a.v\-ying. 
Own, @ [i P|5[ lize-'ki-ke\ 



^^ /s'an, (^cnnfess) g^^^ 
ying'; one's own brother, 

w^yLS^ i'""^'' ''^"-^ *^^^'5 

one's own liand,^^.'^^'^'^^ 
s/WM : T ?aw it with iny own 

ts^an ugaau t-ai kin . 



PAG 



210 



PAG 






-^ uen- c/ii^e 

Ox, ^ ngau, (common) 

2^ woug-ugan, (bullock) 

^ 2|i s/jtn'-ngau, (steer) 

OyBter,^ho, 4^^^^'«".'/ 
ho ; pickled oyster. 5^ 
hoshi'; oyster-bed, $§ 
ho t'ong. 

Oyster-shell windows, Bfl 3S 



niing- nga. 



Halt! Stop! or Go no 
farther! jj^ ^ c/a po' ; step 
bystep, — # — #y«^ 
po^ ijat po\ 
Pacific Ocean, % ^ 7^ 
Tflflt-p'ing-yeung, ^ 7$ 

Kaam-yeung. 
Pacify, ^ ^ /^oi-'Zr^rt^ 



"ho, (off) g ^ lok-seung; 
a pack of cards, — • pglj 5^Ai 
)i^//af/bo'^Mipaai; apack 

of hounds, -— ^ IM 7v 
7yrti k'wan lip ^hiien ; a pack 
of villians, — - t^^ gt M; 
ya/ Vo»i/ '/ t'o ; to pack up 
one's baggage, ]\^ ^^ 1T 
^ s//a«<8hup hang ^H; to 
pack away, i.e., go off quick- 

pack up goods. ^^ f/^<^".^ 
/b//'; to pack up tea, ^ 
:^ chong ch'a. 

Package, — ^ yat paau, — 
/zt yrt/ kin. 

Packet, f\>^ Binpaaii, ^^ 

^ ^ 'Ki )56 ^""*' ™"^ 

shuefaai' shuen; a packet 
of paper, -^ ^ IK ^"^ 

Packing needle, tT^fV'^^ 

l?rta2J c/tw?n. 
Pack thread, 5^131 mashing. 



acify. i^ :^ ^oi-'^'f'«^ H) Pack thread, p$l mashing, 
^huen'-stk, ^^ silc, ^ Pact, ^'^ ycuk, <^ [S! ^^op 



PAG 



211 



PAI 



Paddle, ^ p'a, (a) jj^^ j^ 



chi- in 



1 



Paddle-wheel, ^^]^ 'foh- 

shuen-f//V. 
Paddy. ^ woh; a paddy field, 
^^j woh t'in; young rice 
plants, ^ "^ woh niiii ; 
nine ears on one stalk, i.e.^ 
a year of plenty, — ^JU 
^ yat v:oh liau sui^; rice 
harvest, ^^ ZWi/'' woh: 
rice straw, ;^ Jv^ woh 
kolin; an edible grub, ^ 
^ woh ch'uung ; to watch 
the rice crops. ^^^ hohn 
woh; (grain) ^ ^'w?/^-. 
Padlock, ^ ^ §1 hoh- 

jyaau- soh. 
Page, (leaf) j^ //'//?, (one side 

of a leaf) ^ jt^aan. 
Pageant, ^f^^ 'paai-i- 

cheung\ 
Pagoda. ;^ t:nap\ (a) ;j^^ 
chi-taap^; a plain pagoda, 
*3t^ /^'?r<?;?^ /*«ff7^ ; an or- 
namented pagoda, "i^^fa 
f-aap ; (three storied) liter- 
ary pagoda, ^ ^ mnn 



t^aap ; five storied Jiflgoda, 
■SJP^ "g t8'ang ^a«y; 
pencil-cap. ^f^ pnt l'aap\ 

Pail, (water-) ^ ^fjg 's/ma- 

V«u?>y, /J> ^ {^^ >[>flj 'aw 

paak /*»7 tuuny, /J^ ;;)[i^ 

^ ;j»^ s/j^ mnuk *^5//?/i 

timing. 

Pain, i/J ^'2/?/;^/; weep bitter- 
ly, ^ 55 f?/M»/ ^,a</:; 
deep repentance, J/S j'^ 
fuumj foov'; deep hatred, 
i/^jg;"?<M»^ han'; intense 

JO}'' 'M '1^ ^'"""^' /««''; 

intense desire,j|S^ /v/?/;?^' 
^seung ; intense love, ^^ 
^'Mwn^^ oi': a very painful 

blow, ti%UM ^^« ^^^ 

ho t^uung^; pain in the 
bowels, 3i^ ^^'o Puung^; 
it doesn't hurt. P§ ^ Jj" 
'm A;»»' fuwt/f: most pain- 
ful to see, ^^^I^JS 
^'a/ ^7»' Ao yuuk Puung^. 
Pains-taking, ^/^l^ yuung'- 
suiiu i^ ^^ aum-ki. 



PAL 



212 



PAN 



Paint, (in oils)^^ ^ j&u-shi/c, 
(water colours) ^^ f^ 
ngaan -.<!// i/w 

Painter, y^ '(§ gjj (i| yan- 
is'a^.s2e-*foo^ y^ (^ 



yau-fs'a^ Zo, (picture-) ^^ 



BB. 



Pair, ^ //«\ ■^ sAen/?^, (to) 

Palace, '^g^ /a«mY/-tin^ the 
Imperial Palace, ^ y^ 



.5 .> 

taai noi . 



Palate, gf nook, J: /]3J 

sbeung-^-ngok. 
Palaver, 0' JJ //;/^-*\va\ 
Pale, J2. ^ ^t-u-s/iilr. Q paak; 

pale as death, ^ Q ''sze 

paak. 
Paling, j([^ i^^ \ann-Jcohn. 
Palisade, ^|;,'] |^ laan-laam\ 

TK ^J] muuk p'aang. 
Pall, (Fur a coffin) Tfg ^ 

koon-chaaii\ ^^^ ^•^'^J 

koon po . 
Pall, (to) -^]^^ shaf-mi\ 
Palliate, ^ ^[1 'haam-heng, 

Pallid, ^' Q /se/?^ paak. 



♦^» 



hoJm 



Palm, ;^|Ml/sw?^H^-shue'',J;T]Q 

1^ k/rot/ij-\ong, (cocoanut) 

Wg-.] je-8hue\ (date) Jgj 

^f ^ Poh-sze-'tso, (fan-) 

^ k'wai. 
Palm of the hand, -^ |^ 

B^ ^sliau-poon-t'-ong, 

cheiing. 
Palmistry, ^^;tgr'/ ^ 

rheuixj mun /'rt//^\ 
Palpable, ^JJ ^ fi fi ming- 

ming-paak-paak, ^ ^^ 

i' A'iVh 
Palpitate, ^^ t'ii?, (cOL.) 

pop-pop-/'iu^; the heart 

palpitates, il^"*^^ sum tHu*. 
Palsy, )J|[ f I fuung-'faan, 

^ ;^ 'f'«an-oon\ 
Paltry, ^:gj? R| mi-tsin\ 
Pamper, gJ'jfP ^/6uu»/- 

Jcumin^- hau-fuuk. 
Pamphlet, /]> ^ sia-shue. 
Pan, |§ H f^Awok. 
Pan-pipe, ^ s//^//?.^/. 
Pan-cake, y^jliljjf yau-^6/«- 

^peng. 
Pancreas, gj} [^ t'im-yuuk. 



PAX 



213 



TAP 



Pander, ^ ^ 3^ !<'' '^0°^^ 
ihiif. 

Pane,-^ faai\ ^ *fin'; a 
pane uf glass, — ^t^gJJ^ 
yat faaC poll li ; to put in a 
pane of glass, ^ — '^j^t^ 
J^ s^'iiii;/ f/at f(iai^ ])oh li. 

Panegyric, ^ |^ tsaati' 
ts'ze. 

Panelled, J3i^'^ /»7/'a-*yenng', 
li^gg tat-'/'(.(., (door) ji^ 
p9 k/ra-** moon. 

iJB cban'-^zm/?^\ 
Pangolin, (the scaly ant-eater) 

^ UJ ^ chUien-shaan- 

kaaj?. 
Panic, f^ 15 haak^-shaaf, 

^# kenghaalc\ [^^g 

^^ haak^- ss^-yan. 
Panorama, ^ ^ ;^ jortcr/;;^ 

/a /i:c??(7, [JJtJC;^ shaaii 
sh id keng. 
Pansy, ||^ 'kan-ts'oi\ :Jg 
!^;^iS/« /5'o ^e^ meng. 
Pant, p^ 'fA'«f», ^p^/fw^ 
ch'uen. 
15 



i luaan^ ^yau wai 



Pantheism, J^ /^^ 

shan chi, kriaii* . 

Pantheist, ^ J^ M 4^ % 
ijijjj :^ s//?</i' ^i niaan mat 
wai shan chp. 

Pantheon, ^ ^1^ ^ niaan' 
shan t'ong, gj jjj^ ^ 
maan' shan miu . 

Panther, '^s\ p'aau\ 

Pantomime, 

Pantry, ^ ^ ^ /roo/»-sze'- 
*fong. 

Papa, :g g ^rt-;;a, ^ g- 
a* te. 

Papaya, '^JJ^ ne-kica; (i.e., 
the milk kwa, so-called, 
because given to mothers 
when nursing, it is supposed 
to enrich their milk), 7^ 
jfR. muuk-/^;m, ^ ^ H 



1$ /^«"- mo. 



maan -shau'- k/roh. 



Paper, (material) ^|^ chi, 
(document) ^ ^ mua 
5A«e,(journal)-^^|^M;i 
man c/ii; sized paper, .^|^|^ 
faan r^t; soft cotton paper, 
M ^ IK ^^^"^ ^««'» 'f ^*«' ; 



PAP 



214 



PAR 



brown wrapping paper, ^^ 

dusted paper, '/'^^^l^ 
laang kwn tsifv' chi ; coarse 
paper, jp. ^^ ts'-o chi; 
paper-match, ^ ^ chi 
mooi ; paper effigies burnt 
at funerals, ^|^ ^^ chi 
paak; respect written jmper ! 

tsze chi ! one sheet of 
paper, — ■ gg |^ yat 
cncung chi. 
Paper-money, (dollar notes) 
^ ?v^ ngan-^c7ii, (for 
worship) jC W "6n-po; 
stamped and scollojx'd 



pieces of paper representing 
money, |^ '^^ 



f//?-t8'in 



Qi5 paak *ts4n, J^^^g 
A'Va' *ts'in, or .^^^ ch'ue 
*ts'in (used at funerals); 
elips of paper placed on 
graves, ^^ ;''»" *ts'in ; 
to scatter pp.per cash (as 
when preceding a coffin on 
way to burial) J^ £§ @ 
fong lo *t8'in ; red slips 



of paper hung over doorway 

for luck, ^J ^ huung 

*t8'in. 
Paper-mulberry, {Broussonetia 

Papufrra) j^^ ch'ue. 
Papist, ^ ± it ^ ^''"- 



chi(f'-kami -t'o. 



PaiN i^I ^ t'uung ka , |^ 



t'uung tang. 



Parable, ^ p^ |/i -ue 

Parade-ground, lli^^^ fof«f - 

*ch'eung. 
Paradise, ^|:j^ lok-uen, ^ 

^ Pin t'ong ; (bird of) ^ 

■^ /iY'?;/: -wong. 
Paradox, ^ ig ;2 gf k'i 

laraai ke ue. 
Paradoxical, ^^sQjX ^ts'ze- 

stung- faon. 
Paraffin, ^ y^ mooi-yaii, 

^ f* ^ Vffi '^0 «ii' ^«' 
yau. 

Paragraph, j^ tuen', ^ t'in, 

— ' "^i U'^'i f^^^ / ^ paragraph 

M yat 



of a book, 
tuen sliue. 



PAR 



215 



PAR 



Parallel, ^ :^^ p'ing-p'aai, 
^^ p'ing-hang ; parallel 

force, ^ fi i} P'ing 
bang lik. 
Parallelogram, ^ tl jg 
^ p'ing bang s~«^ pin 

Paralysis, gi Vw;/?, )g g| 
/■m?/;?<7 *^/'flrt/«, Jl^l^ ^t'aan 
oon^ a paralysed arm, ^^ 
^. ^V/«H s/i«?< ; paralysed 
on one side of body, ^ 

shan pat su? chi ching . 
Paramour, '["p|^ ts'eng yan, 

t*^§ts'eng WM^ 

ts'eng foo. 
Parapet, ^^ laan'-^ai, ^ 

j^ wai-ts'eung. 
Paraphernalia, j^ ^ Icci^- 

chong. 
Parasite, 1^ ^ Id^ -sluing. 
Parasol, >J>|)^i^ si^^cb'au- 

che. 
Parboil, '^^^^ chue-poon^- 

shuuk. 



or 



Parcel, ^ ^ pf/ai<-\-e; ;i 
parcel ol hooks, — • ^ ^ 
gat paau since; make into 
a parcel, :^ ^ Ua paau, 
-^itf ;/au?< V/o, or >^ 
- ^ panu maai //a^ 
jwa?^ ; to parcel out, ^J» 
^ fun hoi. 
Parched, §^ j^ l:ohn-fs'o\ 

Parchment, :^jj.^f5 ^'^""S" 
p'i- c/«i. 

Pardon, ^ s/ie\ ^;^ •?/'«'- 
min; to pardon a fftult, 
^ ^ s/i«' /i:/rfl^i^ to 
pardon a crime, ^ ^ 
she tsni'; a general pardon, 
■^^ ^ taai' s/ie', (beg-) 
y^ ^ 'm-/rot. 

Pare, g,J '^^jj pU-seuk\ ^ 
j^ /h<s^ p'i; to pare off, 
^^^^ seuli^ hu$^; to pare 
or trim the nails, 1|l] :fg 
^ 5cm/c' r//i Icaap', or ^t] 
■^ffl j^'i s/wi< kaap^ : to 
pare an apple, ^- ^ 3£ 
^^ /t«e' P'eng ^kicoh p'i ; 
to peel oft" skin (generally), 

^ [^ i£ ^^'» ^"^ P'i. 



PAR 



216 



PAR 



k 



Paregoric, it'^ chi-t'uung^. 

Parents, ^i\j^ foo'- mo, ^ 
kimg-ts-mi, (fig.) ^^ 
Jra7i uen; to be filial 
to parents, ^^ ^ ^ -Qr 
7i;5;j_(7^ /irwt^^ foo mo ; the 
local magistrate, ^ -& 
^ foo'' mo Zroo/L 

Parish, il^gTBJi^']^ ™^^"^ 
5ze chi'' ha\ 

Park, ^ ?/f;i, (an enclosure) 
^ *\vai. 

Parliament, Jl 7^ M I!^ 
sheung^-ha^- i-*uen\ 

Parlour, ^ j|^^ haaJc^-feng, 
^'^ haalA^oug, \^ 
•j^ yan haalc' fong. 

Parody, ^ jf ^ti ''^^i- 
tsolc' -siu' -* yi^ii' . 

Paroquet, |^3 ^^ ang-Tcoh. 

Paroxysm, j^ ^^ ch^au- 
ch^mdc, ^y m )/^ /«/-in- 
Puuiig^. 

Parrot, f | S| ying-\m, ^ 
■^ a/?// - Z;oA ; hence, a 
Roman nose, i.e., parrot 
nose, "^-^M cmg koh pi\ 



cca- 



Parrot fish, ^^ /V 'Q h 

kuung- ue. 
Parry, ^ :^ tong-hnali'. 
Parses, Q ^^ _^ Paak-t'au- 

yan, fgc Jjf A ^«^-«-^- 
yan. 
Parsimonious, ^1'^ -^ 7ifl«n- 
luun\ 



rifc- 



Parsley, ^ .^ uen-sftt, ^^ 
^ k'au is'-oi'. 



Parsnip, ^ ^ '^ oo-loh- 

paak. 
Parson (Protestant) d^ gj|j 

muuk sze, ^f 0f|j /;f/f«^'' 

see, (Catholic) jjjlp^ shan 

foo\ 
Part, ^ fun\ (to) ^ f^ 

fun-lioi, (with) 1l^ she ; 

for the most part, -^ j^ 

taai' Ic'oi ; to play a part, 

ft S W a tso^ '^^^^ 
/r^t^/.:^ sJ/ik; the greater part,. 

'/^4i taai' pooit*', for my 

part, ^ ^ tsoi' ngoh; 

in good part, ^ ^ shin^ 

t ; a tenth part, -|^^ — ' 

shap fun ijat; difficult to 

part with, M^f^ naan she. 



PAR 



217 



PAS 



Partake, ^ ^ yau-*fiin'. 
Partial, — 'f^ yat-pHn, ijat- 

Participate, ^^ ^yiui-*fun\ 
Particle, (word) J^ ^ BR 

hue-tszc^- ngaan, (small) ^ 

^ rai-moot. 
Particular, (special) ^^ tak, 

(important) ^ ^ iii'- 

kan, (each) — — • yat- 

ynt, (careful) ff ijljll ^tsze- 



sai 



Particularize, ^ — • ^ J^ 
chuuk-//a^chuuk-i\ ^ — • 
^^ ^ clniuk yat hong 



meng. 



Particularly, ^ |E tak-/u , 
^f g' tak-to»^, % % 
chu$ii-wai. 

Parting, gflgjj li pit; parting 

of the way, H 3^ ^ 
saam ch'-a W; since our 
parting, ]^ ^ pit hau\ 
Partition, P^^ kaak' pik, ^ 
j^ A:«a»/'-ts'eung, (to) ^ 
^ Z:««n' -i'a«A;^ ; 'scratch in g 
a sore on the dividing ^vall, 



i.r., UBclcRS indignation, 

^ # 5S- ^'^^f^'^' ts'eung 

ngaau ycung. 
Partly, 7^ ^.] ^ 'j^n-ti^ 

hai . 
Partner, f^ ff 'foh.h\ f^ 

j^ >/.-poon', 1^ # 

t'uung poon . 
Partridge, g| i?g c/ic'-i'oo, 

-jA- ^^ ^l| chinik-azc-kai. 

Party, 5^ k'wan-*^^o??y, ^ 
;wrtn, ^ jr'"»5' ; to form a 
party, ^ ^ A-*/ Vo»^. 

Parti-colourcd, ^ ^ tsaap 

Party spirit, ^ ^ ^^o/i^ Ai , 

Pasha, ±:^S^i't^^c, 

*"i k'i tsuiing tuuk. 
Pass, (to) 3g :^ kn-oli-huey 
fJJ^ hang-^/ro/i\ (a) 
kicaan, (a street-) ^ 
ftf/ra- fA», (night-) ^^ ^^ 
ye -^cJn, (mountain) |1^ 
Arto/) ; to pass the Customs, 
^^ kwoh^ shut ; to pass 
examinations, ^ ^ |jf^ 



PAS 



218 



PAS 



haau Icwoli shi ; he has not 
passed, fg^Pg^J 'tiie 

hacni 'm to; he passed 
through all possible bitter 
experiences, |[|g^'g^""'^ 



'J^M 3© haam suen foo 
laat ^0 A'<:'«y hwuli ; to pass 
ovei a bridge, 3t^>j^ hvoh 
k'iu ; he passed the night 
there,^'fg|l(|^^J|^ 
k'ue hai s/nie kwolt ye ; 
to pass by, ^^ ^^ Img 
Tctcoli ; to pass into, y\^ 



yup, 5|^ ^«mm . 



ch'ii- 



Pass a law, gl^ 

lai , (a time, or place) ^ 

Passage, ^ lo , ^^ moon, 
f^ ^ 'laang-*hong'. 

Passage-boat, ^ ^JQ^ to^- 
shuen, j^ *to . 

Passage-money, -^ ^ slmi 
Tceuh . 

Passenger, ^^ taap-haalc . 

Passing bell, ^ ^ @ lam 
SZ6 cliuung. 



Passion, (anger) ^ no r 



(desire) f^^ ts'ing-yuuk, 
(generally) ^|J ^ lit-Za', 
(the seven passions) -|^'||j 
^s'fl^tsing ; to fall into a 
passion, ^^ shaang hi ; 
faat no ; to give 



way to passion, f^*^ yum 

sing . 
Passion-flower, ^ ^ '^ 

fuung-d-he-fa . 
Passionate, _j/(^ ^^ p^ ^foh- 

sing -Ice , '[/^ ^ .sm?*; /;?{/;. 
Passive, (not moving) yf> ^j^ 

'm-guuJc, (N.B, signs of the 

passive, aa, ^- shau , 



pi , ^ kin , &c., should be 
used sparingly, and in each 
case according to example 
of natives), 

Passover, (the) S|| ^ fl5 
ue-uet-fetY . 

Passport, ^^ lo'-^;'t«\ ^ 
B3 00 ckiu . 

Pass-word, Hg ^ o?;^' *ho , 

00 Wi ^'"' '^'^- 



PAT 



210 



PxVT 



Past, ^^~T kwoh - lin, Ic/roh - 
hiu ; past od'ences, nfr ^ 
ts'in //, ^5^ wong tsui . 

Paste, 5g- ^ /.sr«/j^-oo, (to) 

^ V'^'- >^r^ "i"i ; to make 
paste, Vdl ^ ch'^ming 
tscung, or ;J^^ ^^ tseimg; 
paste-bowl, ^/jj^ oo oon ; 
paste- In'usli, ijS+Q ;|^ oo so : 
to ]\iste up on the wall, H^ 

ffi/ifiJt ^''>' ^^^^ ts'eung 
slieiujg\ 

Pasteboard, |^ |i^ jj. >n/- 

cAi-p'i. 

Paster, |g 

Pastor, i^ muuk, (minister) 

Pastrv, ^fi i^ 'tim-sum, ^ 
■^ min^-shik, (corered 
dishes) ^ ^^ m'm^-kivai. 

Pasture, ^ ^ muuk- fs'o, 
"^ i^ V..-« ti'. 

Pat, (toj 'Jl[}^ p'aak^ ; to knock 
at the door (with the 
knuckles), :f^ f^ p'aalc^ 
moon. 

Patch, ^J^ V-*^""» (to) $J 
^f ^ teng-^po-^im, f § ^^;o. 



7;j«-tseung'. 



Patch-work, jjM pHng. 
Patent, (to grant a) ;{tj^ ^ 

^P f^ //r/t- rhnua-ckii6n- 

tso', (a) l/t 3f? c/m/;- 

chiu . 
Path, /Jn 5^ siuAo . 
Pathetic, -^ j\^'» ^ sheimg- 

sinn-*viB. , ^ 'f' 

ts'ing, ^'* •* 



1"^ tuung'- 
j|^^ tuung Slim; 
a pathetic addres^;, ^^ ''"^ 






^ B^ tuung ts'ing Ice 
luun . 
Pathology, ^f^peng' luun\ 

tsuiing luun . 
Patience, ^.^^f ya«-noi . 
Patois, jtl tt^ /"Q wa , -\' 

fj^ '^0 t'aam, ^[S|^ /^^^w/iy 
t'aam. 



Patrimony, ^£ ^ ^t-ip. 
Patriot, ^U -H lit, sze . 
Patriotic, ^ ^ i' -''', ^ 

Jg rlimmg hau ; a patriotic 

soldier, ^ ^ i^ pong ; 

patriotic minister, ^ ^ 

chuung aha a. 



PAT 



220 



PAW 



Patrol, ^"J" ts'iiun Uwj, ^ 
^ t?.\mnpeng, ^ |^ 
ts'uim ts'a}), ^ 1^ ts'uun 
yik ; to go on patrol, [fj ^ 
cli'iiut ts'uun, ^{('1 W ts'uun 
Tcaang ; a patrol boat, i^ 
j|^ ts'uun shuen. 

Patron, ^§|^ i^ong-lcoff*- 
^chiie, i ^ ckue-*lcoo^, 

Patroness, ^^^ -f^ //an mo, 

i -fi]: <;AMe mo. 
Patronize, ^^^ ^ chm^-Jcoo , 

% fH Vowj-cliHin. 
Patter, }^ jg ^ ^ ^//^-^X- 

taat-taat, '|^ pj^ ^ /io/i 

ue slieng. 
Pattern, ;^ ^ yeung - Uze^ 

^^ f(i(((\ '^^ mo5Aj7i;; 
Confucius is the teacher 
and pattern to ten thousand 
generations, :^^^^ 
Htl^ili^ //?/^^;?/7 tsze v^ai 
maan aliai sze piu ; I take 
you as my pattern, ^ 

i^^^M Viihok 

/;owi tso^. 



c . 

ni 



Patty, -^ 0^ kok^-'^tsai, ^ 

Pauper, ^f^'^ Sno-^t-laai\ 

Pause, ^ \f\\ /tit'-'ha. 

Pave, ^ 2p ;g ^..'rt»'-p'ing- 
shek. 

Pavement, ^ ^ shek-lo , 
M-S®^^'«-^^^^kV, (of 
bricks) ^j i^ ^ Z-aat- 
c?iuen-t?. 

Pavilion, ^^ lenng-*t*ing, 
:Jg^ fa *t'ing, ;^ *t'ing. 

Paw, [^ faan, ^* ^ shau 
cheimg, jf\^ charm ; bear's 
paw, (a delicacy) ^{j ^ 
huung chmng. 

Pawn, (to) ^ tong\ ^ :j^ 
tcng^-aat\ ^'^ olviv' to7ig^, 
(a deposit) ^ ^ /o>?^ - 
t'au ; to redeem a pledge, 
[^ "^ shuuk /on/; to 
pawn clothes, g ^ /o;t^ 
t; to pawn goods, g '^ 
/on^ /o/t^ (in chess) ^[ 
tsuut. 

Pawn-broker, g i fo?2y - 
c/n<e; licensed pawnbroker, 



PAY 



221 



PR.V 



Pawn-shop, (lej^alixcd) 'g 
tong^-jiU?; lie's off to his 
Second I^ncle's, i.e., to the 
pawn shop, tB ^ — ^ 
^ )^ k'lie /</a'^ i 5// ?<?//(: 
kuung chins'; You patronize 
the Thunderclap, i.e , a 
pawn-shop wliere the inter- 
est is excessively high, "f^ 

chUin^ liii kuung ku-ang. 



Pawn-ticlcet, 'g* ^ ^n// - 
"jo't/^ ; to renew a pawn- 
ticket, i|^^ clnip.n *-pHu . 

Pay, ^ (0) /£«aM (ngan), 
^ waan ; to pay taxes, ^^ 
ijp^ naap s/m«'; to pay ready 
money, \^ Jg, |g V» in' 
ngan ; to pay duty, |^|1pJ 
naap henng; to pay one's 
respects, ^ ^ mnn hau ; 
the pay of troops, -^ 'Ijpj 
ping Jieung. 

Pay-day, ;^ ^ B SB '^^'^■- 
•ngan-yat-k'i, ^ IjpJ 
faat henng yat. 



Pay-master, ^M.'^$%]'^ 
'^ ^A:oo» ^li faat' ^/leuug ko 
/coon. 

Payments, ^ (^^) '^^'h 

(ngaan). 
Peas, (green) ^ ^ AsVn^- 

*tan 



*tan, (/h^r? vulgaris) ]^ 
^ 00 tau ; string beans, 
^ -^ tau kok ; (Ahnis 
Frecatovius) fj^ hunng 
tau ; ('iSo/a Eispida) 3^^ 
taai tau , or Q "^ paak 
tau^ ; sword bean (Poigamia 
Glabra) J]^to tau\ 
Peace, (domestic) ^ ^ 
p'ing-(;An,(international)7(^ 

woh, (general) [^^ ^'^«» - 
p'ing, (keep the) ^ ^ 
S/i«M-fun , ^ 7J^ '^shau- 
woh, (break the) -^ ^ 
s/irt^-woh ; a treaty of peace, 
Tfn ^^ ^voh yeul'- to 
propose terras of peace, ^| 
tJ^ /ro??^ woh ; to act as 
peacemaker or arbitrator, 
itic ^ 53 tso' woh *t'au. 



PEA 



222 



PEA 



Peach, ;|^^ *t'o, (the beaked 

peach) fl p^ ^^ yinrj- 

ts2(i-*t'o ; the flat peach, 

komj i t'o, ^ ;j^^ hop t'o, 
or ^^\ p'oou t'o; Khamil 
peach, $^ ^ ^^\ ha mat 
t'o ; the white double peach, 

^t^H^ Pc^^ t'o/' ; peach 
meats, ^j^f""^ t'o yau; peach 
charm, :^'^li^-it t'o foo; peach 
gum, ^^li^ t'o Icaau ; wife 
and concubine, ^^l Jg ^\^ 
i^ t'o ip t'o lean ; swear the 
(peach-garden) oath of 
brotherhood, td^^^-Z 
^ Tcit^ to uen chi i^ the 
3rd month, ^^\, ^ t'o net. 

Peacock, ^[^^ '^liuung-tseiik . 

Peacock's feather, ^ ling, 
(superior double eyed) ^ 
BR ^ "^ s/i^MW^-'ngaan- 
/«-ling, (next order) ^^ 
/fl-ling, (inferior plain 
feather) ^ ^Vl[ laam-ling ; 
to wear a feather, ^^'f^fil^ 
taai fa *ling; to take away 
the feather, i.e., as disgrace 



or 



censure, :^^:f£^'|3 pat 



hu6 fa ling. 
Peak, iJjlW shaan- teng, 



v.y. 



ling-t'au, ^g^ ling 



7^"'? j.Lf ll|^ shaan-fuung ; 
peaks and ridges, il|^ l^'ii 
fuung luen ; an oflicial 
' button ' — '/kiX^ U'^t f^W 
'ting, or — A^lM'f' ^^^ 
koh ting tsze ; a ' button ' 
of the 1st and 2nd ranks, 
Jj Tp lumng Hing ; a 
' button ' of the 3rd and 
4th ranks, ^ Tp laam 

ting; a 'button ' of the 5th 
rank, -^^^ 'shnitsing 

ting; a 'button' of the 6th 
rank, Q ^ J^ paak shek 

ting; a 'button' of the 7th, 
8th and 9tli ranks, -^ ]*^ 
^?o?i //n/7; to wear an official 
'button', ^T^ taai ting; 
to wear & graduate's 'button', 
^^yP taai tseuJc ting; 
to degrade an official by 
taking away his 'button', 
JcaaJc" ting, ovl^^jl 
chaalt' hue ting taa^ 



TEA 



220 



PEI) 



•iDll. 



Peaked, ^ (si) 

Pear, 'M/"^ s/u(-*\i ; a russet 
pear, (from the north) 
Tientsin pear, @^ •'*"''/- 



h; pear jam, ^ 



m 



mil li ho. 

Pearl, ^ ^ chmi-chw' ; a 
necklace -srorn by officials, 
^^ ch'iu chue ; a Budd- 
hist rosary, ^^ ^o chue 
or ^ ^ nim^ c/<2<e; the 
night-shining pearl, ^l4)§ 
^^ ye^ ming chue ; seed 
pearl, ^ 5^ yeuk c/ii<e; 
a string of pearls, — ^ ^ 
7/ai ch'-iien^ chue ; a pearl in 
the hand, i.e., a son born to 
a man in his old age, ^ 
Y 0^ '^cheuixfj shenng' 
chan. 

Pearl barley, ^ ;^ i- mai. 

Pearl-oyster, ^ ^: chue- 

p'ong; an old oyster giving 

birth to a pearl, k«., having 

a son in old age, ;^fe^^ 

lo p'ong shang chue. 



Peasant, jjnj'f^; ta'uen- In, ^j^j* 
^ fs^uen-foo, ^J TT fg 
hPiwrf *ha 'lo, 5*1 ^ 
nuung foo. 

Peat-i-lt B5 ^ ti^min'-/'rt«?i\ 
iife 'ft ^ ti' mooi ^aan\ 
ij^^l^L^^ fo'> ^is'o lean. 

Pebble, ^ ^ shck-f/i'i<?w. 

Peck, (to) pj; f?«</£', ^ei«i</; 
see that the hens don't eat 

it, i^ m SI R^ '"i '^'^'^' 

^«i ^e«</?// ; to peck (i.^'., 
belabour) one's self to 

arouse pity, P^|gp5^^""^ 
t'au hok ; to peck rice, (^ 
^ ffwig^m&U (a) ^^ '^tau. 

Pecnl, :}g faam\ — "Q" /f* 
yatpaak Jean. 

Peculiar, g g^ tsze'-^A'», g 

^H^tSZQ'-'ki-kf', ^g 

ling'-tsze\ ^ 4^ k'i-tak. 
Pedagogue, "^ll^-^^M' 

muung 8171 shang. 
Pedant, ^ ^ ^ tiu-shue- 

paau, ^^ -^ k'wong sze . 
Pedantic, ^:^J *^'"^ k'wong, 

&^Z 4^* P'i n^o *^' 

bok. 



PEK 



224 



PEL 



Pederasty, S ^ naam shik, 

©^ ^£ kni kaan. 
Pedler, ^ff faan-'fsai, j-g 

^W f? ^'"^''"i -*t'an- tsai, 

tso foo'faan . 
Peel, j^ p'i ; orange peel, ^^ 
_^ /.o«^ p'i, (to) f Ij ^ 
»;ioA;-p'i, ^^ mit; peel off 
the paper, :j^ |^ j/»Y ^cA/. 



P<^6p, f^^ ttrai-taam , 

Peer, [^ -j^ t'uung poon , 
|ql M t'"U"g l"i' ^ @ 

Peerage, Jt ^ H ft ^ 

sheung to?^ /sf2</i; wai 
r/?e ; the body of peers, _J^ 

^ ^ ^ sheung^ tang 

ckue hau. 
Peeress, ^g^fe^^A 

^yau /.sfwA;'' wai"* kej' foo yan. 
Peerless, ^ ^ mo tui\ 
Peevish, ^ ^ nau-nat. 
Peg, #7^ fe/?^-tak, ;;^^ 

muuk teng. 
Peking, :}[; ^^ Pak-king. 



Pekoe-tea, Q ^ ^ paak- 

ho-ch'a. 
Pelf, ^ ^ ts'in ngan, jpj 

^ foh' pai\ p;^ g ts'oi 

2)0. 
Pelican, ^ ^^^ t'ong-*ngoh. 
Pellet, fi^ -^ taan^ fese. 
Pellicle, fg jj, pok p'i, ;rfC 

W ^ )M ^^"^ ^^^' P°^ 
mok. 

Pelt, /^ J£ shang p'i, ^^ 
^3i s/iany mo kaak^; (to) 
fJE ^^V; pelt him, Igfg 
/«/j^ k'ne ; to (pelt and) 
hit, ifj^ j|g tr'ng^ ts'an ; to 
smash a tea cnp in taking 
anoath, ^g^^f:P 
teng ch'a /;oot shai uen ; to 
get one's head cracked, j^ 

BJ ^ ^^"/7 ^''^'^ t'au ; 
a gossip (Jit. his month was 
not stopped with silver, as 
in the case of the dead) ^ 
^^i^|3 mo *Dgan teyig 
hau. 
Pelvis, ;^»p*^ haau-hnit- 
p'oon. 



PEX 



225 



PE>^ 



Pen, pencil, ^ ^ chi-puf, 
(lead-) ^ ^ uen-j[;M/, 
(slftte-) ^ ^ slick ]Vff ; 
(for fowls or animals) i^^ 
htan, hence, home-made, ^^ 
ij^ ka loan ; the gate near 
the oil market in Canton, 
yjljtTjfBM van laan moon. 

Penalty, ^J -^ ying-fat. 

Penaug, ^/^ ^ 6'rt«-fau\ 

Penates, ^ jpljl Zra shan. 

Pending, ^ ^ mi^-ting'. 

Pendulum, j^^g *^/wrt/. 

Penetrate, ^^ y\ ^«2< -yup, 

Penguin, j^ ^| ^k'i-*ngoh. 
Peninsula, ^p -^ jtjoo;?^ t'o. 
Penis, ^ ^ yeung-mat, 

(VULG.) hji ts'at. 
Penitence, >|^ j\^^ fooi'-swn, 

Pen-knife, "J] {^ to tsai; a 
three-bladed penknife, — - 

cheung saam hoi Ac^ to tsai. 
Pennant, ]j||^ j;'oo^ , 



Penniless, ^" 4i 



mo ///rr/ 



*ts'in. 



Penny, W^i'^WM ^'"^ 

/f/ro/c^ taai t'uung ts'iu. 
l*enny-royal, ;g »|i||. >([ij shek 

pok ho. 
Penny-wise pound foolish, 4ft 

/\\'^~)s^ sik niti shat taai\ 
Pension, ^ -^ ^ V^ung- 

V^ngan, %^^ t'aP- 

p'ing-leung. 

Pentachord, 5.^^f|g§ ^ng 

in ngok hi . 
Pentagon, SS-fTj^f^ 'ng /ro/c' 

ying' 3l S ?^ '"S ?^»'« 
ying- 
Pentahedron, 35. ffi t| 'ng 
min^ ^r'fl/, 31 a fi '"S 

Pentameter, 3l ^ f^ ^"S ^'^ 

Pentateuch, 0^:ZJl^ 
Moh Sai Jc'^ Sig kcn^;. 

Pentecost, 3^'l^fljy 'ng tin"* 
tsU . 

Penurious, '|g^ /ta«n-luun\ 



PEE 



226 



PER 



Peony, fj^±fl :Jg 'maau-tortn- 

fa. 
People, g mun, 'g* jg. 

Pepper, black ]iepper, Cap- 
sicum, ^ ]^ ^ taai^ 00 
Av/;<, or ^^ ^^ laat ^s/?/, 
Wtk oo-/6»V, (ground) ;^ 
^ isiu-moot, (red) ^^ 
ts'unn ^,y<V, or j|||)fj r/i'<<t/^ 
tsiii, or g ^ shuuk tsiu, 

0^" © iM A '^"^' 0-^ ^-^^"^^ 

°^' ^ te A/-/^^«<; to 

pepper with shot, ^'M^^m 

''ta ska taan. 

Peppermint, ^^^ pok-hoh, 

(oil) M lfHf Vft Pok hoh 
yau. 

Per, ^ Snooi, :f|: /^/r//>'; per 

bearer, ^^5J^X ^'^"'^ 
ue loi yan ; per catty, :^ 
Jj* '^mooi ^-a/?; per anuuiu, 
^ 4^ *^niooi nin ; per 
S.S. Cbung-yan. ^ftl A 

ik ^ ^\ 'm^' ^huwi<f 
yan Yo/i sbuen lai. 

Peradventure, ^;^ waak 
''che. 



Perambulate, ^ fy ts'uun- 

I^ang, ^ ^ ts'uun yau. 
Perceive, ^^^ kolc-tak, ^ 

Per cent, :^ — "g" Snooi- 
yat-imak\ (discount three) 

three per cent, :^ "5" rr 
^ mooi faaJ^ mam fwi; 
to get back seven t?-five per 

Jaan ts'at shiiig 7>(ywn\ 
Perceptible, g^ |^ '^V/t-to/^, 

B|^f#P|^ 't'ai-ialt-ke\ 
Perch, jjjttj /sV/t, hence, fowl 

house, g|/j^ Icaits'ai; (a 

fish) Sit -© lo-*ue, Si si 

waak-t'au. 
Perchance, ^ ;g- waak VA?, 

fS ^ ^ngau in, f^ ^ 



ngau u« 



Percolate, ^J^ 'j^ slium^-hu^. 
Percussion cap, ^ rfjg JJl 

t'uung-mo -Vs^e. 
Perdition, -j^ mong, a^ -|^ 

paai mong. 
Peremptory, ^^ ^kan-^kan. 



PER 



227 



PER 



Perennial, J|p[ ^ r/iau-nin, 

j^^l^p^ r/iau-mn-l-e . 
Perfect, ^ ^ sliing-ts'ueu, 
^ ts'ai ; a perfect tense, 
^H^ wong slii : a perfect 
man, ^.J^ sliinr/ yan ; to 
be perfect in a lesson, ^ 
^ tunk shnnk ; to become 
perfect in, ^ ^ tsaap 
slmuk; perfect sincerit}-, ^ 

Perfect, to j^ shino-, j^ -j^ 
sliing linniij, ^ ^ tsofc 
ehing, ^ ^ tsaap sliiug. 

Perfectly, -|- ^ shap-/?w; 
perfectly sincere, ^ =^ 
kek sh'ing. 

Perfidious, ^f ^ /i:«a?i- 



fAa 



to perform one's duties 
thoroughly, ^j ;^ ^t suun 
'poofi fun , to perform a 
ceremony, '^fi^ hang^lai; 
do it all, ^^^ tsuuQ* 



ti tso\ 



Perfidy, ^ §§ ;^().r i^ -^ 
^^ pool SHuii , "f^-fi^Jcami 
sum, y^ ^ 'ra chuung. 

Perforate, ^ j^ /s?<^'^j - 
t'uung, ^ cW-uen. 

Perform, ^ hang, ^ tso , 
^ wai ; to perform good 
vorks, ^ ^ hang shin ; 



Perfume, ^ heiinn. ^ ;){C^ 

/ic;//?//-''"liu, ^ ^ //f//»// 
mat ; liquid perfume, ^ 
•^C ^houng s/n/i ; perfume 
for the hair, ^ y^ /?fi/w// 
yau ; perfumer, ^ ^ ^ 
^ maai /^?/w// liu^ ^r/ie. 

Pergularia, ^ H § ye'- 
laan-Ar?mr/. 

Perhaps, ^^ waak-^cAe, (ifc 

'm-tini:'. 
Peril, ;jg; p^ ngai-'/i»m, ;/§ 

P^>fe ngai-'/H;«-f/iw\ |J^ 

^%»2hoi'; (to) Jgligt 

ue nim. 
Period, (time) tij -^ shi- 

hau', iffl ki : the period has 

expired, 'J^ ^ moon k'i ; 

no fixed time, ^ ^ 



mo ting k'i ; a period of a 
month, — ^ py- SH y«i 



PER 



228 



PER 



uet kont' noi^; for a period 
of three years, ^ ^ p^' 
|R^ saam nin kom^ v,o?, (in 
■writing) ^ ^ S! t'uen- 
Tcne'-hiU'ii; to mark the 
periods, f^ 'tim, ^ ^ 
kut^ tan\ 

Periodic, ^^ ts'unn-waan, 
^U-f hum-shi. 

Periodical, ^ g^ ting^ shi, 

ting^ shi (;7i'?<w/ Z.:*^^ sun mun 

/■/</; a monthly periodical, 

^^K uet po^ a quarterly 

periodical, ^^^ Icwai^ po^. 

Periosteum, *^ ^ kiciU i, 
»^ gg Z:/r/<^ mok. 

Periphery, ^ ^ chau to , 
^ 5^ cluni ooi, gj min\ 

Periphrase, %^ |^ t'aam 
1uud\ ^ ^ /iTon^ /i«at. 

Perish, )f^Xj mit-mong, ^ 
-t; ^sze mong; ^^ '^^ 
ch'um-luun, ^^ ^ moot 
mong; he perished of cold, 

tS (SC 5B '^'"® ^"""^' 



,s2e or 



laang to sse. 



Perishable, ^ ^ i'-waai\ 
Peritoneum, j^ H^ ch'eung 

mok. 
Periwig, j^ ^- kafaat'. 
Perjure, i^ ^ ?roy;^-shai',. 

f^ >^ ^« faai' -'^wong- 

shai', U ^ ^ A'f/i' '/'^ 

shai^ 
Perjury, ^ g j^ shai'- 



mong 



H'ong-vum , _ 
Bhai\ 

Permanent, 'l^y\ hang- /f«?<, 

|i? "6" chuuny ^Icoo, ^ 

^^' E^ weng pat koi, -^ 

■^{\'^ ch'eung ch'eung 

kau ''kau. 

Permeate, j^i^ Puung-t^aii!' . 

Permit, J*^ damn, ^^ pi^ 
if r^ 'hue-'chuun, tfj;f§ 
yau-/f^/:; permission is given, 
J*^ ^ ''chuun hang ; a 
ship's permit, ^ ^ 
/on^' hang taan, or 

?ft ift; flS «^i^^en /oV 
hang f/«^j^ c/i/i/ ; permit 
him to retire, ^ "f^ j[g^ 
^^ chuicn kue ^'?«' /«^e ; 
Don't permit him to come. 



VEn 



•>20 



PER 



PS S^ 81F tB B^ '"^ '^'^ 

/ij^^' k'ue lai. 
Permit, (a) \ '\^j ^^ yan- 
ts'iuf^- c/ti; to get a permit, 

tS A tra ^^^^^ ^^'^ ts'iiifr; 

to ask for a permit, |lq 

ji^ ts^i)if/ p'aai. 
Pernicious, 7^)] ^ li'-hoi\ 
Peroration, ^ ]ifi |gj :^ 

tsiiung i luun^ f///, 



»ci /-s 



Z'»^ mi Are"* ue. 

St 
ia. 



shue'- 

chik, j^ jj 'k'i-cbik, 1^ 
^ tuung^-'kM. 
Perpetrate, ^ Iiang. ^ /soA;', 

fifc ^^o'' @ ^^'^^ ; ^0 

perpetrate a wicked act, 
^ ^ hang o/;;^ ; to 
perpetrate an offence, 4P 
^ faan^ tsue . 

Perpetual, f^ vving, ijg 
hang, ^< ^ wing Mii. 

Perpetuate, 'j^ ^j^ sheung- 
ts'nen. 

Perpetuity, ^ Jg 'wing 
Sien, ^ 2E ^^i"g tsoi\ 
tM *^ ^^'^"S sbeung. 

16 



Perplex, >jg :f^ faan-Su. 
Perplexity, ^J) ^J} A//^/</n, 

/m/a luen . 
Peniuisites, ^ -^ lai' ngan, 

^^ /'Vm»ngan, ^^ 

ch'u kwn. 
Perroquet, /\\ ^ SJl ^giu 

ang Jcoh. 
Perry, J> ^ >^-(- s/m *li 

chup, fj^ ^ g .9/<« *li 

tsau. 
Persecute, ^ ^ k'wun^- 

chunk, ^^ ^ ts'aan hoi'\ 

J!J^g/^«hoi^ :j!ni^^« 

y^^'* 1^ '^ oaan wai ; 

to be persecuted for the 

sake of his belief, ^ '^ 

.^ ^ ^[ wai' ch'uen 

Jcaau^ shau' hoi\ 
Perseverance, ^p ,^ $p — 

^c'-hi-chuung-xxt-gat, 'Jg ;\]2* 

hang-stwj. 
Persevere, (to) |^^\!!i»i^ 

hang swn hue" tso', jjJJ ^ 

noi' ^Icau. 



PER 



230 



PER 



•ngaang''-n< 



pat-hit -iic', 



Persimmon, j^ "ts'ze, (soft) 
H^ j^ num-*ts'ze ; dried 
persimmons, "^^ W^ ts'ze 
^peng, or ^::|^ Icohn ts'ze; 
soaked persimmons, "^'{^ 
i^ ^shui tsam^ ts'ze ; small 
red persimmons, ^^^/y^^j^ 
kai sum ts'ze ; small yellow 
persimmons, <:^;^;;jt{|) ngau 
sum ts'ze ; sngar of the per- 
simmon, /|l|j^ ts'ze seimr/. 

Persist, T^\ 

^ Jcoo^-diup; to persist in 
his own way, |§|/|:B^ 
hin chup Jci kitv'; he persists 

in going, tg^84P|ft 
k'ue kin chup hoi hang. 
Person, '^ wai\ ^ yan, 
(body) ^ Shan, (in) ^ 
^ ts'an-shan ; he does it 
in person, i.e., with his own 
hands, fEgjg"^>g5f 'k'ue 
ts'an shau tso ; about the 
person, i.e., on the body, 
"^ ^ tsoi shcui; every 
person, \ ^ yan yan ; 



to take care of one's person, 

i^Sa-Si >chuung> 
shim Pai. 

Personal, ^ shan, ^fc ^p 
2won shan; personal matters, 
2li 5P ^ ^ 'poon shan 
ke* sze"*; a personal inter- 
view, ^ ^ min' kin ; 
personally present, jffi ^ 
^ ts'^an shan tsoi', fi ^ 
^g tsze A'f tsoi. 

Perspicacious, |j]g ^ tshiung- 
ming. 

Perspicuous, B^ Q ming-paak. 

Perspiration, y^ hohn\ 

Perspire, {jjy!^ (-A'2<?^^hohn'; 
to perspire freely, ^j ^ 
^^ ch^uut hofohhohii; 
a medicine to induce 
perspiration (i.e., a sudorific) 
Sff ^ A'^?''' hohn'' yeuk. 

Persuade, ^J )]g /^uen^fuuk. 

Pert, j]g ^ t'ong-tat. 

Pertinacious, [g ^ koo^-chup^ 
^ ^^ c/^^/;9-ngaang^ 

Perturb, JJ g[^ "^iu luen\ 

Perturbed, ^ j«j^ cheuk- 



mong. 



PES 



231 



I'ET 



Peruke, JK IH ^ '^'^ ''^" 

faat\ 
Peruse, ^ tunk, ^ hohn , 

|B koiiti \ to peruse a book, 

Peruvian-bark, ^ ^i^ ^ 
A:«m-Z-aj-Iak, or ^ gg- jf.[^ 
itwrn kai naap. 

Pervade, ^ I^ Puwui- 
ch'eiwfj\ ^Jf ^ ch'eung'- 
taat. 

Perverse, 3|E j^ Jrwaai-p^ik, 
QJ 51 /:../y-lui^ ;^ ?g 
nan- keng: perverse con- 
duct, j^ ^ waang hang, 
^ ^ waaiig yik. 

Pervert, ^ fee luung -waai . 

Pervious, jj^fS t'au^-tak, J^ 
^^ t-au -tak-ke* . 

Pestilence, >|^ ^ ?rrtn-yik ; 
an outbreak of pestilence, 
@ A & /''^'^' yan //rm. 

Pestle, ^ ;j[i^ chiiung- ch'ue, 
a single pestle, — ^ ^ 
/{"/p yrt^ t'in chuung 'ch'ue ; 
pestle and mortar, i.p., friend- 
ship like that of Wu-yen 
with the poor rice-pounder, 



/f'f E3 'ch'ue 'k'au ; (for 
rice) ^i^tui'\ the frame- 
work of a foot-pestle, or 
mortar, ^|^ -^k tui^ ch'ong, 
or ;jjf ^ im ka'; the 
trt'ddle of a pestle or rice- 
pounder, ^|| ^ tm shan ; 
to work the pestle or rice- 
pounder, ^ ^1^ tang tm ; 
pestle worked by water- 
power, ^ ^|| s//t«" ^ia ; 
a stone mortar for milling 
rice, ^^ [^ /i«'^ k'au ; 
pound it hundreds of times 

more, ^ p ^'^ j% 
chuvng toll ki paak fui . 
Pet, (child) fl ^ ff 
ch'uwig-oi^- tsai ; the pefc 
or favourite concubine, ^ 
^- ^ch'^uung fs^ip . 
Petal, :fg |I!^ /?/-paan\ 
Petition, ^^ />tin ,• to present 
a petition, j^^tai' pun,ov 
y'^^yup j»'//»; to petition 
for leave, ^^l^'jg V/t 
i'sV';^// /'a ; petitioner, ^^ 

or ^^^ kue' jjun cAe. 



PHA 



2C2 



PHI 



Petrifaction, ii^ f^ ^ pin^ 

filling shek. 
Petrify, (to) ^ g ^ pin' 

wai shek. 
Petroleum, ^ y^ shek-yau. 
Petted, ^ '||g tsinuig'- 

hwaan'. 
Petticoat, }^ ||^ chuung- 

k'wun, ^ 1^ noi -k'wnu. 

Pettish ) , ,_i£.t . J A* 
Petulant j'^J^SI ■'•«-• 4« 

4i im-tsim. 
Petuntsze, (i.e., tablets of 
white quartz powder) Q 
TfC "dF paak-*^/?<?^/J- /sze. 

lai j;aai' t'ong ke^ tso"" w'ai\ 

Pewter, ^^ §^ laap-si7j\ or 
^^ ^ ^Y'/c^ /r^/m; pewter 
ware, $^^ sek' hi ; bind 
■with pewter edging, ^^j 
kim sek', or ^ §^ ^^f/rtz< 
sek\ or '^ J^ '/o/?^ sek\ 

Phalanges, :|=§ ^ 'f/^i hvut. 

Phantom, :^ ^ waan^- 
king. 

Pharmacology, ^ ^ yeuk 
Lok. 



Pharmacopoeia, 2J£ ]M! jwo^ 
ts'o. 

Pharmacy, JJ^^'J^ c/^^ri^ 
yeuk ke' facet . 

Pharynx, P^ |l|[j hau luung. 

PheaBant, |[] ^^ shaan-Jcai, 
(golden) §^ 11 ^kum-kaiy 
(argus) ^^ ^& lnen-7j"rti, 
(peacock-) ^-^^ kum- 
ts'in-Zra'. bojsaq •■^ 

Phenix, (male and female) 

/Hi, M f"""g -vvong ; the 
male and female phoenix 
alight only where there are 
treasures, i.e., he makes 
friends only with the rich, 

wong mo po pat lok. 

Phenomenon, ^ tseung . 

Philanthropist, ili^'Z,\ 
yan sum ke yan, -^ ^* 
yan che; the philanthropist 
loves mankind, ^^ ^ ^^ 
J^ yan che oi yan. 

Philology, p ^ ;^ ^ 
ts'eung tsze ke hok, ^^ 
^^tsze wt^tsiiung chi. 

Philosopher, |^ Jt V^^ "^^® • 



PER 



233 



PIC 



Phlegm, J^ g t'aatu-in, 
t'aam-sin ; to throw up 
phlec:ni, pfJI^ j^ ^'^ t'aam ; 
choked by phlegm, Pfl ^ 
chuwif/ t'aam : phleijm-pot, 
or spittoon, ^ ^ t'aam 

Phlegmatic, '\'^ '|§ a//?//^ 
maaii , [;^ ^ haau-yw«f , 
'J^Bg ^ maaii -haan. 

Phonetics, ^ ^ ^ s/i«;t^ 
yi<m hok ; a phonetic 
character, -g"^ !/wn tsze ; 
the phonetic system, ^^ 

Phonography, (representing 
sounds merely) ^ Q ^ 

C 3 

.sfl-paak-t8ze , (to write) 

\J^^^ ^iMum put ^se. 
Photograph, ^ :^ ^ying- 

^seimg . 
Phrase, ^ 'Jg- ^'?//-wa', ^ 

^ ^?/eji lcxi$ ; phrase book, 

5 C 



'prj^^? ^'"f' ue .s^Mf. 



Phraseology, ^ ts'ze, ^J^ 

3 3 

A;»p /J^fl^ ; good piiraseology, 

ftf "Pj & '^''^ ^'"^' -^^'"^^ 
itj' ^ JS ^"^ "^"'^ ^i* 



Phthisis, )g^^ lo-peng\ Big 

•5^" 5[fl£ /'''* ''^ ^^"''.'7 • 

Physic, ^ yeuk, ^;[pj* yeuk 
ts'oi ; to take ))hysic, -^ 
^ shik yeuk, j|^^ fnuk 
yeuk. 

Physical, :;^ ^ yaii-ying. 

Physician, p^fv^f^^ noi' 

foh sin shang, ^ ^ij- ^ 

^ noi' /bA t shang, ^ 

^ / /:«, ^ ^ i-shang. 

Physiognomy, >|;g seung , 
(science) :?|^!^ «f?<ny -hok, 
j^^ seung shunt, or jfy 

Physiognomist, ^j^^^ 
Jiohn seung sin shang, jl^ 
-^ Sf «</?^ sze . 

Physiology, tt:S:*ffiift 

5«n^ c//i kuung yuung 

hiun . 
Piano, ;^7^^ taai^-yeung- 

k'um. 
Pica, (bird) §lf,| '/'i t.'<cuk\ 

(t.vF^) ^:^ M ^ ^ ;S 

taai ho uen tsze' meng. 



PIC 



234 



PIC 



Pick, up, ■^^^mm-''hi, j^ 
^ sbap-Vn", ^ cJnip, (the 
teeth) ^ij -^ ts'ze -nga, 
.(flowers, &c.) /^^ chaak, 
(choose) i^ kaan, ij^ 
chaak, (tease) ^^ mif, 
(nibble) P^ hmn, (pierce) 
P^ /^t<»^ ; pick it up, -^^ 
^^ ^?tw At lai ; (as easy 
as) picking up a straw, J^ 

pick up what was lost, "t^ 
^ shap wai ; pick up and 
put all in order, ^f^^ 
^Q cJivp shap tuung sat ; 
tea-pickers, ^f'lgj ^ ^ 
chaak ch'a nue; one pick- 
ing, — ij^ 1/at chaak ; to 
pick one's associates, J^ 
^ chaak kaau ; to pick on 
a lucky day, :j^ Q chaak 
yat ; you pick aud choose so, 
i.e., you're so hard to please, 
^^11^:1^1^ ni Jcom kacni 
chaak ; you may pick and 
choose as you like, -(^ -^ 
^fe i^ yam ni kaan 
chaak ; to pick out goods. 



'^ kaan f oh ; what is 
left after picking over, ;^ 
^ kaan shing ; pick your 
bones clean, Ugligj^^^ 
hmn niaai ti toh ; to pick 
{i.e., clean) the ears as is 
done in barbers' shops, i^ 
]!^ ivaaf i ; an ear-pick, 
E^ i^ i vmat ; to pick 
one's remarks to pieces 



-^i] A uu "'^^^ ''^''^ y^^ '"^• 

Pick-axo, ||[1^^ kai-^tstd- 
foo, ^ ^J faan-teng. 

Picket, (a stake) ^ cliony; 
to place pickets in the 
ground, ^^J ^ ta chong ; 
pickets made of fir, >j^'|^ 
muuk cliong. 

Pickled, 1^ haara ; pickled 
peaches, ^ ^^ haara t'o ; 
salted and sun-dried cab- 
bages, pickled ' greens ' 
generally. [|^^ haam h^oi ; 
pickled melon, ^^ J3^ 
tseung hva, or ^J[JX ch'a 
kica ; pickle factory. ^Jfeljr 
tseung fong, or ^- ^ 
tseung *uen. 



TIE 



235 



PIG 



Pickles, ^^ ^ xum-'^kiculi. 

Pick-pocket, ^^'^ '^/st/?- *^lan, 
'tsin-'„au-Uo, Jl ^ fg 
ch'nap'-'shau-'lo, \l^{ilj >fg 
Ti,2:aani lioh ])aaii : j^j( ^& 
^^ rh^a kai ts'aak. 

Picnic, ^ ^ y^w-in. 

Picture,^ wa"", *\va , (-frame) 
Jf- ^ wa-Z7/'; to mount 
a picture, ^<^'^ i>»« ^va ; 
a picture fmmer's shop, |^ 



.ei 



yn«< wa ^]ro : a 



picture gallery, ^^/f wa 



5A0//, or ^^ |'>^ wa lau. 
Picturesque, ^^7^ wa f.s'oi. 
Picul, :^ fciam\ — "g" jf" 

Pie, (bird) g.t| '}n-ts'euh\ 

(pastry) ^^ min -ktrai. 

Pie-l)ald, Jj^ ^ paan-pok , 

paan shik. 
Piece, -J^ /«r/^■ , ^ kiti , (of 
cloth) J^ p'ut; silver in 
pieces, i.e., broken silver, 
^P^ ngan sui ; a piece of 
composition, — )^ ^^ 
^^ yat pHti mun cheung ; 



piece goods, /J^ ^^ ting^ 
t'au, ^ Ji£ po ting'. 

Piece-work, gjj f |^ X ^j 
/u^H -*kin -kuung-foo ; -j^ 
T* . •''«^/« hniiifi. 

l'i®r, JJ;, 4^ lua-t'au. 

Pierce, ||1] /«'/;», *|J /;«/, *lj 

^ hit-cli^upu ; pierce his 

throat, Hilfg"^^"!! tsHm 

k'ue liun luung ; to stick a 

P'o' till ^ ^•''''"' ^^'"^ ' ^^ 
engraft, ||l]^ tsHm shue ; 
to prick so that it pains, 
"^\\^K'% kattakj^n 
Puuny'. 
Piety, (filial) ^ haai(', (reli- 
gious) ^ ^ k'in-A;i»p' ; 
the classic on filial piety, 
•^ j^ /^r^rti? /i:^"^; to be 
filial, ^ :^ hang haau ; 
filial obedience, ^ jjj^ 
haaii' shuun^; the 24 exam- 
ples of filial piety, JH -|* 
pftj ^ i shap S2e /«««?< . 

Pig> # '^^'^'^ (a) ^^ c//^/;'- 
r/i?/^' ; pigsty e, Jg f J f//t<c 
luuk, or ^ p^^J c/tue tau\ 



PIK 



236 



PIL 



to raise pigs, f^ 5S ^ 
ts'o chiie fa ; as stupid as 

ngoi ; lead iii pigs, ^^\ (^ 
uen fill. 

Pigeon, [^ ^^ paak-;^(7;> ; to 
let off a pigeon, i.e., marry 
a husband under false pre- 
tences, cheat, ^ Q ^,^ 
foTig jaak Z'o;? . 

Pigment, ^^ ^ij- ngaan-liu . 

Pigmy, 'j^f^fj- <''«'- lo-^tsaL 

Pigtail, ^ ^1 t'iu-pm; a 
false pigtail, ^^ j^ pin 
*p'aai ; leave some hair for 
a pigtail, -g |^| lau ^n'n ; 
to braid the pigtail, :^|^f 
s7io pin, or ^ f0i '^fa pin, 

loosely plaited pigtail, -^ 
^ 11^ taai S2«<;z^ ^t■?^ ; 
wind the pigtail round the 
liead, 0j f0 'k'iu ^m. 
Pike, (a) — ;t$it ya^f/«-- 

Pike, fish, ]^;^ paan-ue. 



Pile up, /5ffl ^ tip- /'ii, 
^H lum'- ///. p!»i lui, (drive 
piles) i^ ^^ ta-chong. 

Piles, (disease; '^ ^ chi - 
ch^ong ; internal or external 
piles, ^^y}^ no? ngoi 
chi^; (wooden) ^1^ chong. 

Pilfer, JUg ^shue-moh, Jj[^ 
^^ shue-sit , 

Pilferer, ^ ^ -^ sr^f^w- 
cheJc^- shau. 

Pilgrim, ^ ^ yAU-haalc*. 

Pilgrimage, j^ ^ uen yau, 
5^ ^: tfiiina heung. 

Pill, Jl ;;^j yeuk-*uen ; pills 
enclosed in wax, |||j^ ~J\j 
laap *uen ; to swallow a 
pill, :S; ■;^ tim *uen ; to 
concoct a pill, ^^ ^ woh' 
uen ; to roll a pill, i^5^ 
"j^ ts^oh shing uen. 

Pillage, j^ j^^^ ts'-eung-huk, 
^ IS A^«7>'-leuk. 

Pillar, ^ j^ t'iu-^ch'ue, 
(pedestal) g JJf 'ch'ue- 
tun, (monument) ^ ji?/; 
beams and pillars, i.e., sup- 
porters of the government. 



PIN 



i>37 



PIN 



^^''K ^^""r^ ch'iie : a i)illar 
of the state, ^^Z.W 
id: IcicolP ha he tunny 
"^cli'ue. 
Pillorv, j^ ha ; put him in 
the pillory, \^\i \^ jg ha 
chue' k*ue; ti carpenter in 
the pillory he has himself 
made,!./'., caufrht in his own 

toil". ;t: LE tM # »^""1^' 

tseung^ taam ka^; j^^ ;^|| 

Ic^ong ka^, or ;|n ;^|1 taam 

/ca . 
Pillow, i^ ig \hum-t'a\i. 
Pilot, 51 tK A Van-'s/ini- 

yan, ^;fCfg taai'-^shui- 

''^' P75 ^K f-^ "^'^" ' *^''"' 

Piloting, ^ ^ /rt.'Ti'-shuen, 
pT^J^ naat^-shuen. 

Pimp, jjj( 1^ t&o^ -Jcwai. 

Pimple, ^ j;il %n-is'ze?; 
growth of a ganglion or 
pimple, Zfc i^ shang wat. 

Pin, B^ ^-j- t'aa-t7i2<;n, ^ 
^^j- Vroo ch'ui c/<2<m, ^J 
^f/?^ ; an ornamental hair- 
pin, 1^ -^-j- ngaan chum ; 



a wooden pin, 7^^^ muuk 
tn\g; to play at nine-pins. 



Pinafore, (|g UJ wai-*k'wun. 

Pincers, ^ *k'im ; take up 
with pincers, or chopsticks, 
f\\ ^ k'im kaap\ 

Pinch, (to) ^gj nip. :|[|J///tY; 
pinched cheeks, SftfellHl 
soi kaap nip ; to pinch the 
cheek, :J^g[^ mit min' 
chue; take a pinch, :J^^^ — • 

Pine, (wood) :^^ ch'aam^, 
(Crtj2)tomena Japoniai) 70 
^ ch^aam^ muuk ; a block 
of pine, i.e., a blockhead, 

a pine tablet, i.e., a Avorth- 

less article, ;tJ /K S ® 
ch^aam muuk leng p'aai ; 
{Pinus Sinensis) ^^ i{^ 
ts'uung shue , or ^J ;^ 
shaan tB'uung : (Pinus 
Massoniana) M ^^ fuik 
ts'uung; (Pinus JDensiffora) 
^Y^ chHk ts'uung ; pine- 
needles, ;j:v^ '^\ ts'uung 



PIO 



238 



PIT 



chum ; pine cones, ;|>^ -^ 
ts'uung ^tsze, or ')^ {^ 
ts'uung ^fsai, ov :^^ j^ 
ts'uung t^aap ; a bundle of 
pine needles, ^v^^ ts'uung 
mo; pine, bamboo, and plum, 
i.e., landscape sketches, 
■^ ^ -t^ ts'uung chunk 
mooi. 
Pine, (to) -^ ^ shat-chv', 

siu-shau . 
Pine-apple, ]^ ^ ^ 7;o/<- 
loh- /m'o/i. 



Pink, «^^ 
Pin-money, 

<*A»-*ngan. 
Pinnacle, J 



/s»n-jtu"n-loh. 
chu.m- 



teng\ pinnacle 



of a pagoda, :^XP taaj)^ 
teng. 
Pint, (a) ^ Jj- poon^-kan, 

— ' ^F ^'^'^ .sAm^ ; bare 
subsistence on a pint of rice 
and a handful of wood, ^fl* 

shaai ngaai. 
Pioneer, P| i^ ^ If M- 
lo'-sm'/inmy. 



Pious, ^ >|^> k'in-si/m. 

Pip, (of fowls) gl| ^ /.«»■- 
'^tang, (seed) ;^ wat • 
Loong-ngaau stones, ^b ift 
1^ loong'^ugaan wat; peach 
stones, ;j;^^ ^ "'t^o wat. 

Pipe, "j^ **t'Qung; the big 
bamboo-made water-pipes 
smoked by coolies, yif S& 
shui Mi, also called, ^^ 
^ ts'oi' /cat ; (opium-) ^ 
ts'eung. 

Pirate, '/g |^ V/oi-ts'aak. 

Pistil, -^ ,H.>-Vui- 

Pistol, -^ ^ slum-ts'-eung. 

Piston, ^ mau, jj^*^ sunt. 

Pit, 1^ tseng'*; to fall into a 
pit, [g gf haam' tseng'; 
*/M t'aani; an unfathomable 
depth, ,^;^'^/|I maan' 
cheung^ shum t'aara ; to dry 
up the Macao passage, i.e., 
an impossibility, ^^Q^| 
^B /co/«« paak ngoh t'aam ; 
the Channel between Bar 
Fort and Typa, (Canton 
river) ;^,^^® t'aam 
tsze yeung min . 



PLA 



280 



PLA 



Pitch, p£ x^ ytti >-'"'«- 

yau. 
Pitcher. ^ ^^ a//w-ch'ing, 

^ ^ '^^'"* ««"//; a filthy 
pitcher must give filthy 
water, i.e., like father like 

rtrt;?^ c/iUiut ch^aii' shui. 
Pitcher-jtlant, ^§'^^ <^^'<^- 

lllUDg- ^5*0. 

Pitch-fork, ^ ;|:^ woh-cAV/. 

Pith, i^.j i(^i shiie -.smwi. 

Pith-paper, Jg ^ i'uuug- 
'^^*'' IK ^ 'chi-fmmg, 
pith (commonly called rice) 
paper pictures, |^ ^ J 
t^uung chi wa\ 

Pithy, ^g' ;^ V'^"-liJ^-, ^ 
")] P^ ^yau-lik-/i:e\ 

Pitiless, ?pi[^> nsraanjj sum. 

Pitted, (pock-) Jg j^ tau'- 
p'i. 

Pity. "^'^ '^''^^'-li", 'P'lifil 
lin-6<////, ^ '1^ "/-lin. 

Pivot. ^ ;|^ chuen-suut. 
Placable, P^^gjj Soi-woh- 
faa)i. 



Placard, ^ Np\ :^lt4 A','^- 
/•j>\ (auouymousj Q l]^ 
p:iak-*^i//, (with a name) 
■^ >^J ch'eung-huung; to 
issue ail anonymous placard, 

visiting carde, ^^^ meng 
t'ip , or ^ [jjjlj ptioi tHp ; 
a single red card, ^ ^ 
ijlj^ hunng Uian IHp^; to 
send cards, ^ fjj^ s?/«»^ 
/'j;;^ to present a card, to 
^ t'au ^'»>', or g (|jJi 
tai t^i}?; invitation card, ^Jj 
ij]^ Jong Vip ; card case, 
Ijjj^ ^ /'/// /'^\ 
Place, ^ cA'Me\ more 
frequently pronounced, 
shue^; this place, i.e., here, 
B^^ n» 5^7^19 ; that place, 
i.e., there, -^"^^ koh^ s/^ie^; 
he (or it) is here. 



'^ni 



hai shue ; a periloua place 
or Danger ! 



& '" 



tm 



shufi^; the four ijuarters, />., 
the Empire, g^ 'Jj ^^^^ 
fong ; the four quarters and 
the centre, t.^., the world. 



PLA 



210 



PLA 



i 3^ ^"g f'^^'^0 ; tlie ten 
points of direction, i.e., the 
eight points of the compass 
Avith above and below, -^ 
^ shap/o;?^; place it well, 
^ ^ o//" /w; placed 
securely, ^ ^ fl/i'?^ ?rr/;? ,- 
where did you place it? -^ 

•@ ^ 1^ ^^"^ ^■'^^^^ ^^"^ 
s/it<e ; what character is to 

be placed for it ? ^'^-jl 

^ okn tso jwa;! tsze^ place 
it down carefully, ^ "T^ 
jj^ ohn fong ho ; place it 
down here, jM. ;^ O/]^ ^ 
f^a/ maai ni shue ; place it 
down anywhere, ^^^S^ 
^^ chaipin shue to '^lio; 
place, locality, i^ ^ ^t' 
/bn^; local authorities, ^^ 
-)j "^ tifonglcoon; i-jjj 
^ ti^-/bH^, ^ *teng^ (to) 
^ S ohn-chi\ j^ chai, 
J^ /bji^-', (one) — ^ y«^ 

Placenta, |g^ toi-i, ^\ 
hau''-*yan. 



Plt^cid, ^ ^ woh-/^.\ jg^ 
^ ?rr?;?, yau, ^ ^ ^/m 
woh, ^ p^ o//7i tseng\ 

Plagiarism, ^ ^ ch'-aau- 
tsaap. 

P'ague, 51°; ^ ?m;?-yik, ^ 
S. HU wong-?rfln-peng'; 
cattle plague or rinderpest, 
^[^4^ wan ngau ; A plague 
take him ! ^j|^ ||4 ^ wan 
fuP t'au, (to) ^^ naan- 
wai. 

Plaice, @fi[ 1^^ 'Q isanq-pat'-w.Q. 

Plain, ^ ^ ming-paak, 
(even) 2pl p'ing, (unadorn- 
ed) j^ ^ jfolc'-so ; plain 
straightforward dealing, ^ 
^ meng Snaai, ^J ^ 
meng maai"*; is it plain to 
you yet ? do you clearly 
understand? f^^HJJgPg 
'^ ni meng paak 'm ts'ang; 
it is plainly so, ^ ^ ^ 
meng meng hai"*; plain folk, 
i.e., the common people, ^ 
^^ p'ing mun ; plain, in 
sense of simple minded, j^ 
^ 2)^oJc^ shat ; plain dress, 



PLA 



241 



PLA 



so choiiff : fields and 

plains, ^ 1^ t'iu uen ; 

(a) ^ ig I'-ing-uen, 

Plain I ill', |^ -^ ueu-A:()'. 

Plait, ^^i^ pun-insL&i, (fold) 

-^^^ i.s- 1(1/ 1: -m-^ai ; to plait 

the (jueue, J|^|ff i'«» l^in 

ti pin ; a plait of 

#1 ^ Z/«0'»« 



or 



r' 



hair, 



Plan, -jj ^ foi)f/-faat\ (to) 
^ man, |^^ man-tok ; 
bad plan?, ^|i ^ Z' "^^^^ ! 
to plan harm, ^^ 



man 



hoi' ; to plan a mnrder, |^ 
^ man .«/ifm/'; to plan 
treason, ^ )X, mau ^0071 ; 
Man proposes but God dis- 
poses. W.^^Af&t' 

:^ ^ man sze' tsoi^ yau 
shiug sze' tsoi' tin. 

Plane, ^ b5 P'^d? ™^"'' 
(tool) glj 'p'aau, (to) gjj 
p'aan : plane it smoother, 
-gjj J^ |^(j p-aau ^Yaat //'. 

Planet, ^^ hansr-sm^ ; the 
five planets, SM '^"g^^'ii'^ 
or f7M liang st/<</ ; Venus, 



^/j^ A WW .sj/i//, or ^;|ifg 
hum txiny ; Mercury, ^JC 
s/i«< s/n^, or J5^ ^ 
shan .<;?'»/, or -^^ ^ 67jmi 
/si/}^ ; Mars, y^ ^ /i</t 
Si;j<7, or ^ ^ ^fuh tsiny ; 
Jupiter, yf^^ muuk sing^ 
or ^^ «"* sill (I, or ^|^ 
^ ujuuk tsinfj ; Saturn, ^t, 
^ i'o sinij^ox^^^^cliun 

sing, or jt.^1t ^^ tsing. 
Plank, ^/^ k'iu-*).'fl«», JJ 
-^ j^ hau'-muuk-'"^wart ; 
a plank house, ;i^^ paan 
uuk: one plank, — "J^^ 
gat faaC paan ; to take 
away the plank after cross- 
ing the bridge, i.e., to 
selfishly injure others, ^ 
l^t^''^ A'«*oA k'iu ch'au 
^paan ; bed-plank, ^ i^ 



shong jwa72. 



Plant, (a) ^ ts'o, ig) ^ 
shue muuk, jp. y|^ /s'o 
muuk : (to) 5^ chiiung , 
(rice) '^ TJ^ shi'-woh ; to 
stock a tield with rice seed- 
lings, -^ BJ-^7fa Shi' t'ia 



PLA 



242 



PLA 



.3 



shi woh ; to plant trees, ^ 
:|j£ chuung^ chik ; to plant 
vegetables, ^ ^ chuung 
ts^oi^; to plant enmity, 5^ 
'^ clmwuf ch'au. 

Plantago, 5- fif ^ '^^*'*' 
ts'in- /s'<7. 

Plantain, ^ /vn/, (green skin- 
ned, fragrant) § ^ ^ 
heii)ig-ns;i\,-tsiu, (long) |jg 
3p -^ lnung-nga-;'siM ; 
plantain wine, ^ ^^ /.siu 
^sa?/ ; linen made of plan- 
tain fibre, ^.gi fsiu Icot ; 
commonest kind of plantain, 
•+• ji^ taai^ tsiu. 

Plantation, @ ^ ^^ -^ ^^ 
chiamg^ fa muuk /re^ sAue^, 
[^ nen; a cotton plantation, 

^ ^ H "^'"^ f^ *"®" ' ^ 

coffee plantation, J[jpn^^[§ 
'kafi uen ; sugar plantation, 
W M. ^h'e' 'ch'ong. 



Plaster, (to) J^^ mnn/oot, 
'^tong\ a plasterer, '^^ 
^ jj'ai /6»ot lo ; plaster the 
walls, :{H i^ ^/rc» ts'eung, 



Plat, (to) :}^ ^;i//?\ (the cue) 
j^ ffi pwt'-pin. 

Plate, (a) ;gg nip, ^ ^ 
c//eA^-*tip; plates for con- 
diments, ^vft^ shi^ yan 
tip ; lacquered plates, ^ 
^ /sV/Uip; (to) ^ to^ 
to plate with silver, ^^^ 
to"* ngan ; to jilate with gold, 

^ ^ to^ ':-«^>«. 
Platform, ^ p'aang, J t'oi, 

*t*oi. 
Platina, Q ^ paak-/a/wi. 



(medical) 



(^ 



Zco-yeuk. 



Plausible, j(f -jjy, i^ V/o- 
'^tfi^ze-chan ; as plausible as 
a cat-seller, J 1^ ® P 
-^ maai^ man koni fiaic 
kolc\ 

Play, JX -^ ^faan-'^tciK, (as 
children) itM^ waan- sZ/a; 
to play witli foils and 
shields, ^7Jj|$ ^s/<^' '^^ 
p'aai ; (TRANS, verb) ^ 
/rt, ^ luung\ (as a guitar) 
^1^ t'aan, (as a violin) ^ 
ngaan, (as a fife) |»^ cAm'; 
to play music (generally) ■f^ 
1^ tsoJi^ ngok, or ^ 1^ 



PLE 



243 



TLE 



Asa?? niTok ; to play football, 
^ ^ H}^ k'au : to play 
sluittlecock (vTith feet, as 
Chinese do) "^^ t^H^^ ^'», 
or ^^fi^ t-ik" 'kin %ze; 
to play chess, ^' V^ cheuk 
k'i, ^ IJ: yik k'i", or 7: 
^ ha^ ki : 10 phiy the 
piano, ^^ 5^ t'aan knim : 
to play at cards, :|*J'j|!^ Va 
p'aai ; play books, ^ ;^ 

Play-acting, |^ ^ tso'-/a\ 
Play-day, Jj^ jg /b»/-AY?- 
yat. 



Player, ^^ -^ ^t^- /52f. 
Playful, "^llJaUgl^ sficnig 

ha kont' Viu^, (lit. as playful 

as a live shrimp = as lively 

as a kitten). 
Plea, ^f^ %tai-so\ flh|{J^ 

A:?m«^-chono; ; a counter 

plea, ff J 

S so"" ch'ing, or f 



so ;5?/«, 5 



> c , . 
so chi. 



Pleasant, |^'H^ shong-faai* , 



Jfl /a^r,-^ lok, 



net ; 



pleasant to hear, |^ BT 
uet i; very pleasant weather, 

3^^^iT'''" /i/'shum' 

Ao ; a pleiisaiit journey to 

yon, — 52 2p ^ yat W 

p'eng oA» ; a pleasant pass- 

age to you. ||p M ffi ^ 

shuun' finoit/ seung siiung^. 
Pleivse. If}; u.t, ^j lok, (if l^-' 

you) =11 VsV»y, (as you) 

g2 fiH t3'ui-*pin\ ^ 
Pleased, ^ ]^ foon- hi. 
Pleasure, >^^ faai' -\6k, (— 

excursion) ^ ^ yau-/j»; 

to do good is the chief 

pleasure. ^^^.^^ wai 

shin^ tsui' lok. 
Pleasure-boat. ^^A^f I'eng, 

wa^ Jong. 
Pleasure-grounds, -^ ^j^ J^ 
po' yau ch'eung, g [g 
t'eng *uen. 
Pleasure -party, ^^ ^ yau 
j /irt^/?, *^ \ yau yan. 
I Plebeian, ^fg tsuuk, jjf ^ 
'^ ho p'eng sheung, JwF 
^ shue^ mun, f H* ^ s//j/e' 



PLE 



214 



PLO 



paak t'o, [±j "J" paak ^e/?^. 
^ ^o/^^/^-fau, (to) 

^ o]m-tong\ ^ 
p'oon^, (in drinkino) 

cli'au-tsok, 



'-^^ 



I 'j^ fai- 



Pledg:e, ^ 



Mnff'-Hsau, W\ vS ''<t'e«^- 



vS 



moon, ^ 



^ ts'uen- 



Plenary, 
tsnulc. 

Plenipobeutiary, 
k'uei]. 

Plentiful, ^^ _^, finmg-idiV^ 
J^ H. fiiung-fstmh ; a 
plentiful year, ^-^fuung 
nin. 

Plenty, ^ ^ /(<?//?(/ sheng', 
:^ ^ slium M ; I have 
plenty of time, ^ ^ |j^ 
^ n$ f^ '"goh 'yau V<i<e 
/oA shi bau ; he has plenty 
of raoney, tE^ jtf ^^ 
k'ue yau ho toh ngan ; a 
tank of wine and a forest of 
meat, i.e., plenty, ^;^J^ |^ 
ij^^ ^tsau ch'i yuuk lam. 

Plethora, "^ ^ huet -shat, 
y^ W cAo/2^^-shat. 



Pleurisy, Bjf} ^Q 

. paou-mok-\vQ. 

Pliahle, ^^|f^ yau-'^uen, '^' 

^ t'siuin-leung, ^ ^ 

i -^diuen. 
Pliers, ^ -^ k'im tsze, i^j^ 

HU /if^(^j7 tsin. 
Plight, (state) i=tJJ^ ti'-wai 

(to) W'^ chat siiim *» 



.5 



toiig^. 

Plod, ^^ lo-lo, 5f ^ lo 
foo : to plod at one's books,. 
^ ^ ^00 hok. 

Plot, fj ^ kai'-ch'aak\ (lot) 
-j-^ A"" ; a plot of ground^ 
--^^^ yr/^/?m'ti'; a 
dark plot, Bg g^ om' kai . 

Plough, (to) ^. lai, ^ ^ 
foo lai, ^ %h:ii, ^f: ZT/n.^ ; 
to begin ploughing, |^^ 
hoi Icang ; to plough the 
ground, ^^ gg /'a^^^r fin ; 
a ploughman, |^j: G9 -^ 
Icang t'iu 'lo, (a) Jg ^ 



7;fl-lai. 
Ploughshare, ^ 



lai- 



t'au-Vaw/, ^ 7J l^i ^*- 



I 



PLU 246 

riiiclc, ^ cliaak, ((.ul,) ^ 

rh*uut-W\, (up courage) '^ 
to pluck olT. ^^ wa/'i/ - 

/ay. 

f<nnt; plug it. up, ygfl^fg 



FLU 



a(i/r chue^ k'ue. 



^li 



I'lum, ;|^ *mooi, ^ 
prunes, ^ -^ inooi fsze ; 
80ur pluniB, (laughing stock) 

ifl^ ^^ ^'""^ "'^'^^' ' thirst, 
quenched by the thought of 

a pInni.||]^§j]^ygmong' 
inooi chi hot'; the green- 
gage phim, ifl^^ UAixm 
wa li : the peach and the 
plum emulate eaoli other in 
blossoming, ^'^ ^ "^ ^ 
t'o li clummj ck''iiuii ; to 
recommend a teacher is like 
(choosing) a peach or a 

fcze^ ue t'o li ; plum pie,i^^ 
ffi.?A;\^^ mooi kwoh ^tim 
.sum. 
17 



Plumiige, ^ ^ Iseuk ma> 
^ ^ ue ino. 

"^j^tsok uon pa f kf/ hak imn. 
Plumb-line, I'j^ ^ /»V-foh, 

j^ i|3| 6-Aww/t-shing. 
Plume, |}5 ling, ,|j yf^ 'nia 

mo, >^ -"^^ ue mo ; to 

plume one's self, ^ 3^ 

tsze k'lra. 
Plummet, ^^-JC^fg .s7m/« 

,sA?/?; /re t'oh. 
Plump, ^ P^ 1^ V/o-yuuk- 

'•^ I3B #i: :|yi fi-"«/>-«'^/;. 

Plunder, glj j^^ Vi" •^'"l^' 

ts'-euiuj-kip ; plundered in 
every way, Ji, ® }(jj fijj 
^sh lie sif kau t-au ; to 
plunder openly, ]^ Q 
fs'-eunfi pafik. 
Plunge, y;y(*~f: cuum^'ha, ^ 
■jj^ t'au- shut: to plunge 
into water, ^ jA. 7lC t'au 
yup ^shui: to plunu'e into 

vice. mMB^ ^'^^ 
ue ok* tsaap ; to plunge 



roc 



246 



POI 



one's self into misery, fi 



Is/e t'au ve 



yroli''; (noise) 
sheng. 
riuto, f^ ^ 3E Ira-loh- 
^^ong. f@] g g fii Ln 
7noh loll she, or ^ j^; ^^; 



Im moh loll, or |g] ^^ Im 

wonf;:. 
riy, g ^ 'I'ohn-'Jcan, gf| 
k'an, ^ ^ ^kohn-^hi ; 
this steamer plies between 
Canton and Hongkong, ^ 

^I y^ ;it chek^ ''foh shnen 
*wong loi yeung shing 
Hevng ^Kong. 
Pocket, ^^ ^ .s//ac/jji-*toi , 
-^ ^ * ' toi\ ^ 'toi' ; 
a watch-pocket in the waist- 



belt, 



r? «t 



taap *tor: 



to pocket, y\ ;^ yup 

*toi\ 
Pocket glass, ^ ^ min' 

^"c/'i7\ ^ ^ toi' A:6«^\ 
Pock-mark, i[^ ^ tau^-p'i, 

1^ ^ tau^ pa. 



Pod ^ ^^ tau''-Aaa;p'*. 

Poem, "j^ g^ ^shau-shi; a 
sacred poem, jjj|j) ^ slian 
shi\ to write a poeni, ^^ 
»4 /so/;;'* s/iii. 

Poet, U ^ .s//.j-yan. 

Poetess, g^ -^ .s7« ^nue. 

Poignant, ^ laat, *|j|] laat, 
^Ij 1i'. ^ yo'' ; poignant 
words, ^ ^ laat wa\ 

Point, ^ As»;y/, ^ ]^ /s»w?- 
shnf\ 4A P^ tsim-'^tsui; 
the point of a needle, -^j- 
[^ f/*z/yn Vsw» ; to bring 
to a point, -j^^ uen Bze\ 
J ^ "^liu sze^; the main 
point, ^ ^^ taai^ t^ ; the 
highest point, ^^ j^ ^ 
^ rAi^ /'<? Zy^ «Awe^ to 
speak to the point, ^^| 
^E ^ ^on;r /o' iu sze^; 
point of view, j^ ^ i'' 
/cm^; to aim at a point, 
^ [^ ^^^» hewig^; to cut 
to a point, -^J ^ senk^ 
isim ; (dot) ||5 ^tim ; a 
point and a line, — 



tkk 



— ' "w y^' ^'^'^ 2/^^ waak : 



'(» 



1^4; 



I 'OK 



vanishing poinu ^ ^fi 
hop ^Ivn ; [loiiit of power, 
^ S?i^ Uk Ui/n; to point 
to. ^^ f^ 'rhi Him- to 
}>oint t(j the East and West, 
i.e., hefool one, ^ ^ ^ 
pfi S7i» /</M?j^ ^7a .s«»; the 
fcJouth-pointing Chariot, i.«., 
the compass, "i^ |^ ^ 
^c//» naam kue; to point 
out, :^ if; ^rhi slii ; to 
point out tiie way, ^p^i§ 
^chi W : to point (i.e., 
punctuate) a book, ^^ ^ 
*^/jwj sA?/p: to point upwards, 
[nj _J^ hewig^ slieuug^; to 
point out errors, "^^ |;Jj 
^ ^ 'c/i/ ch'uut ts^oli 
shut': (point out) :j=y |J;j 
'chi-ch'uut, :fg 16 '<;/»- 
^/»m ; (to plaster; ;jj.|^ ^ 

Point blank, ^^ p'eng, |^ 
cbik : a point blank shot, 
[|[ ^ cbik '^ta ; I asked 
birn point-blank, ^ T^ 
fiS P9 IH "So^ cbik t'au 
man '^k'ue ; I refused his 



request point-blank, ^ 

*^ngoh cbek L*uu 'lu ^vuii 
^k'ue '^s/wh ^fs'cng. 

Pointer, (dog) ^g ^g ig lip 
^kau meng. 

Poise, SJ/ Y6 i^r\^^-chni<f . 

Poison, ^L. tunk, ^^^ tunk- 
mat, (to) ^^ muk-'^szp ; 
wormwood and poison, i.e., 
smarting pain, ^^ ^ t'o 
tuuk ; the five metallic 
poisons, the five punieb- 
ments of the Ming Djnaaty, 

• 55. ^ ^og tu"k : to 

counteract one poison with 
another, ]>X%1^^ 'i 
tuuk kuwig tuuk ; to cause 
death by poison, -^ ^j^ 
K tank "^^^^yan; antidote, 
^ ^ '^kaai tuuk: moral 
poison, ^[i ^ ts'e tuuk. 

Poisoned, ^^ ^ fuuk-tuuk. 

Poke, (to) jlj ts'ze\ (stir) 
^ ^ "^/u/- hi ; poke the 

ToA ; poke the ear with a 
circular brush, ^ ^ '^lin S. 



POli 



248 



POL 



Poker, ^ \^ yffA-*^p'aang ; 
a hot poker, i.e., impractic- 
able, fte yc # ^^ 'M 

V'aang; a flail, ^ff^t^ 
Va woh *^p'aang; a cudgel, 

Poke-wepd, ^ funic. 

Pole, Ap /ro/?n, j^ lco>ig\ 

(north) :|t S ;?«^'l^i^^' 

(south) pfj ;^ naam-kik ; 

pole star, ;[[^ 3^ ^ pnk 

'^tmi sing. 
Pole a l)oat, ^ ^ r^'rt'^;^^- 

shuen ; beyond his reach, 

'W P§ ^ '■''i'««?l'7 'm lai. 
Pole-cat, ;;^fS eh'-ait'-maau. 
Polianthea, 2E ^ 'ZS yuuk- I 

tmnm-fa. 
Police, ^^ rAVwi-yik, (in 

Hongkong) jf;§ ^ luuk-i. 
Police Court, ® Ji 

ts'uun-'^li-yor?. 
Police-office, ^t{||Si ts'uun- 

Polish, ^i^ mo\x-ts*aat 
-^ ts'-aat'-hcong, E^ 
moh-Zrwon^. 



* 



Polite, ^ jjjf fg 'yan-'lai- 
raaau ; a polite man, ^J| 

jjii (ifi^ A '^^^ '^^' ^^' y^"' 

polite language, ^^ j|j§[ 

IS ^ © ':5'^" '^^^ '^'^^"' 
/ce^ in ; (you are) ^ |g 

^Ao-wa\ ^^/\]^ V^" •5"^'' 
Politics, ^ ^ kwolc* -W7.Q^ , 

.^J chimg^ gze\ 
Pollen, :?!; ^ /a-y^m. 
Pollute, J7; litt^ oo-mit, ^ 
*^ ching-oo ; this well is 
polluted with filth, its water 
is unfit to drink, ^ -j^ 

^ tJc yr< -& #C «• "' 

^ heng oo wai^ mat oo 
^liu leng^ S/«// 'm hop 
^yum. 
Polygamist, ^ ^5 

Polygamy, ^^;2 

/s'i^e^ /i'e' sze\ 
Polygon, ^ ^ 7^ ^"-^ /i^o^' 

ying. 
Polyhedron, ^ ^ ^ 

^A jowi ^'P"* ying. 



toh 
toh 



POM 



249 



PON 



poi^podc, ^ nfl^ /fl/t 

Polypus, (in the nosf) ^[^| 
p?-^t/run, j^. ^^'^ pi^-sho. 

Polysyllabic, ^'^'^^ 
toll ts/e^ /fl^ yjn«, -^ ^ 
^^ ^" y(o// tflh ice in. 

PolytheisMu #-^|l|l;^^ \ 
sunn toll shati /y? haau . 

Poiythoisu{||^)[iIJlHJJ;J; , 

A^ ^uun ioh sliua nieiif,' 
/"c yan. 

Ponuituin, ^ ^ yfj] t'au- 
faat -yaii, ^ y|j[] heung- 
yau, ^ ^ 'fv^ ch'-a t*au 
A<?, ^p ^ y^ /i6'«/n^ /<m^ 
yau. 

Pomegranate, ^ ^^ shek- 
•lau. 

Pomfret, ^ "^ /5V;n^ *ue ; 
white pomfret, Q j|j^ 
paak ts'-ovg ; black pomfret, 
S ma h(tk /s^otig -, yellow 
pomfret, ^ ^^ mg wong 
laap ts^ong ; small pomfret, 
Ih ^ ^''^ ^s'rtnr/; long- 
tinned pomfret, Jfl^ -^ 



Pommel, (to) ^ :|Jg ch'ni- 

Pomp, ^ fj^ faan-wa. 

Pompous, ^j~f"^^^^ - i^-^- 

taai . 
Pond, (fish) ^^ ^ ch-i- 

t'""??' #, iffii ""^ ^'*»''' ♦^^ 

^. ® *"° '^'°"- ' * ^'^''"^ 
pond, ^ i!g liii t'ong: 

to drain a pond, ©21 ^ 
/TftA/i t'ong. 
Ponder, ^C ffi 'nak-Se/mr/, 

Wi & ;''ak ..-., IR ^ 

raak nim\ »J^ -^ ^hum- 

'seung, gjlj /jg ^aC-'smng. 

Ponderous, ^ 'ch'uung, J^ 

^ U^ '^ch-uung taai /t, 

"S" turn turn ^ 



'ch'uuug : a ponderous 
business, ttr flt ^ ^ t^ 
6hum^ *^ch'uung taai^ A;^' 

Pond-weed, ^ i-'<o. 

I^ongee, |^ *ch':ui ; stiff or 
raw pongee, Zj^ |^ s/<v/«// 
ch'au : soft pongee, ^ |^ 
shmik ch'au ; reeled pongee. 



POO 



250 



FOR 



ornamenfced pongee, ^-^j|^ 
kum ch'au ; rust-coloured 
pongee, ^ JJ ^^ shue 
leung ch'an. 

Pontiff, m^z^^ 

loh ^ma /V ayw//'' wong. 

Pontoon, l^M JAM^ ^«» 
A;ef'rt ;7«>/ 8 1 men. 

l*ony, /J> ,^ ^<?i/^ 'ma. 

Pool, ;^ ch'i, (cess-) ;JC JlS 
.sAm'- t'um : a liolc for tree- 
planting :^^ nai *"t'um; 
King AVan's pool, ^ y^S 
leng r/n'?/. 

Poop, ^l\ ^ m sl)uen-*^mi- 
Jan, -fi^f^ Bhuen liau' 
lau. 

]*oor. ^^ p'un-k'uung, ^^ 
1^ p'uu-hobn ; as poor as 
a church-mouse, ^^p^ 
p'un ue shue ; absolutely 
poverty-stricken, — — ^ 

^P ^ y-'^i P*'^" "^ ^'^* ' 
extremely poor, g ^jj ;g 

p'un to^ kek : contented 

though poor, ^ ^ oAn 

p'un. 



Poor health, ^ § M 'm- 

shau -yuung . 
Pop, (a sound) (col.) ^^ 

pop ^henri; to pop out, -^ 

lH 5l^ '^^"^"^ chhiut loi; he 
popped his head out of the 
door-way, -(g^f^P^^ 

//r/i'< .s7/a>j ch'uut t'au loi. 
Pope, .^f ^ kaau -wong. 

PopPJ' J^ 7^ amig-suulc, 

nti BLfi -+»- 7 J- 

.-^ S^ ^^ ('/<'/;;^ sMulc fax 

• the white poppy, ^^ §5 

-^ ^?a;?_^ xnuk tsze ; 

(imitative word for opium) 

P^ ^ ^ o//-foo-yuung. 

Po])uhice, j\l ^^ shue^ mnn. 

Popular, _^ ^^ mnn-o/\ 
Population, _^ jlj oo - hau^ 
A T )an /^>^y, ^ p 
van Artu, ^^ j^ yan iyi. 
Porcelain, ^ ts'ze, (ware) ^^ 

■//au' sai ts'ze /«■*. 
Porch, ^ p^ ;gfc t'au-moon- 
kuung, ^l ^ '^kuung 
p'uung. 



POR 



2M 



l»Olt 



rorcn]»iiic. AU ^^ txiii -chw, 

lli ^§" ^'"""^ chvf. 
Pores, ^^\j mo- hvumjy "5* 

Pork, ^ ^ rAw-viiuk ; 
pork-chop, JS'^f ^ '■^'w 
p'aai hvuf \ pork dripping, 
^ [^ y|}j ("A'^'' ymik yau: 
pigs •• trotters " JS' W 
(*///<« krulc'. 

I'orpoisr, }§^ 'A/<.-ue, ;^ 

l*orridire, ^^^ mak-Vi^;/- 
/■r/w^ ; tliorouizhly cook the 
oatmeal.^gL^)^V^ffe- 
shnnk-nink- />///; coarse 
oatmeal, ffi^|^ As'./ iiiak 
/>m ; fine oatmeal, ;^ J^ 
^^ /-//^i? .s'a/' mak y^/n. 

Port, (a) 'f^ pj Z'rt/J77- JuiH, 
^ 51 *fan^-fau. ji^ f^ 
/?ci» moon ; sea-port, iK* 
:^ ;J: ^ kan^ ^A.« Z-e' 
fau^ free port, ^ ^^ |4 
^ ^il pat naap .s7/j^*^ /;;<'■' 
fan' ; to go from port to 
port, ^ ^ Z://-o/i' fau\ 
(-side) ^ _^ shuen- tsoh. 



Pnrt-clearaiicf. 3^J])|!^ huiing- 
paai, ■f^)j\ D IK; s''"*''^ 



cU'uuf hail rhi. 



Portent, ^ ^[< /<?///7f//-chiii'. 

Porter, (at a gate) ^ P^ 4^ 
hohn-mt)on-/ct(un>/^ (carrier) 
l^fe ^ /'»«-/<w ; common 
street porter, ^ % ^ 
taam-taam *lo ; a superior 
kind of porter, ^ ]\\ ^ 
iiKini rhau [no. 

Porter, J]^ :fT M 1'^'^ '^^ 

fmu. 
Portico. ^ j^ ts'unn long, 

^ If) yan long, f^ i^ 

moon lau. ^K ^ ngoi 

long. 
Portfolio, ^^ shm-kaap . 
Portion, ^-]p* fnn - tsze, -^ 

fun , ^ ^ fun -ngaak. 
Portland cement, ^^ y^''^- 

•nai, most commonly known 

as, t^ ^ i^S luuing mo 

nai. 

Portly, BE a fi-^/"^V- 
Portmanteau. ^ ^ ;7«o» - 

7/r///M, -)^ §^^ taai' p'i 
toi ; lie had a portmanteau 



POR 



962 



?0S 



ue 

.J 



containinsr a big sum of 
money, "[^^ :k )^^ 

""yau tixai p'i toi noi' f.wi 
ho toh iigan leiing. 
Portrait, ^ rim a, 

tseung , ;^v0 s/unt/; to 

paint a portrait, ^ iM, 

se chan, or ^ ^ waak 

tsenng ; tliifl is a portrait 

of my mother, ^ /^ ^ 

tigoh mo a;* tseung ; I 
drew his portrait in pencil, 

^ UJ 5K '"s^''^ y"""g' 

ucn prt^ waak k'ue Jce^ 

tseung ch'-uut loi. 
Portray, ^ ip^ se-chan. 
Portress, ^ P^ ^j^ hon moon 

/bo. 
Portugal, gg -^ ^ /S«i- 

yeung-/i?rfy^\ {^ ^ -=^ 

1^ p'o t'o nga ku'ok . 
Portuguese, ^ 7^ ^ Sai 

yeung yan. 



war 



Pose, (to) J fj9 ch'a mun 
Position, i^ 'gr ti^-wai', 

As'2e'; men in your position. 

Jg f5J :S: i* ft '^"^ '"' 

Ice \<? wai^ ; he is a man 
of eminent position, f^ 

naai i'we /'O wai ke yan. 
Positively, — • ^ J/a^ting , 

Posse, 5ji: .p f^hong yuung. 

Possess ^ yau, *^ ^ 
eheung-'yau : he possesses 
inillions of dollars, '[g "^ 

=f@ M il M 'k'ue 

yau fe'jw ^^M/i'. niaMn ngaii 
*uen ; he possesses great 
wealth and ability, "[^ /j|p 

yau toll, ts'oi k'ap ^oA nang; 
despair took possession of 

him. jg iVj) :5^ M 'k'ue 
sM»r/ .sAa^ mong^ 

Possessed, (by a demon) 

kn)ai-n\h\. 



l'r»s 



253 



I 'OS 



I 



Possessions, pjj^^ xholi- yau; 
Britisli I'ossessions, ^ ^ 
^ ^ y'"/' A'W'rt/:'' shuuk 

Pjjj tso' -/ri/c-ke\ g^ uaiig, 
^ A//c ; let me hear from 
you as sitoedilv as possible, 

^$&^ 'is'eiif/'yankom' 
faui^ iak koni' faai^ t'uung 
ue ngoh chi: at the lowest 
possible price, -g^fijg 
ka^ p'eng io^ kek ; as as 

possible, :^|rU- — ^|ilf 

■: it is possible, ^ j^ 
hoh i tso^ iak. 



Post, (a pillar) "^ ;k^ M<- 

ch'iie: a stoue post, .^ 

ic|r shc'k ch'ue ; a railway 

post, ^HiJS^SfiPI 

/b/i r/t'g !o^ /:^'^ Um t'au ; 
10 hold a post, ^ |^ /o//^' 
chik : the post has beeu 

filled, EL m^ A -IS 

itt ^ ^i king 'yau yau 
tong ts'ze dak ; an easy 
post, 1^ ^ ««a« k^titt ; 



an ordinary post, fb ^A 
chtiung kJ'nci : a wearisome 

a good (t.r. protitabk-) post, 
iff life ^ Vio ^'M^/' fun'; 
one waiting foi- a post, -^ 
^ han' /c'j/p^^ he applies 
for the post of 4tli clerk in 
this office, IMAW5J45C 

yup ]^ua k"au iH^ve tai' S2(?^ 
•s'' tsze^ k^ k'-urt'; (letter-) 
sM S" 'tW ^'^<^^tig-shue- 
stdcn , ^"(0 1§ '"'^"'« s?«m* 
^^^") ^M V'k. 
Postage, "f^W '^iti(n^-f-'i2/'. 
Poster, ^ ;J=2 kaoi-chiic. 

Postman, *^^'f^{^ '^"^*' 
.?/i//e s//wi^ van, >/j^ -^^ ^ 
/j'fl'^/^ .s<//<«^ van, -^ J^ 
«TO /-SWH- li- nia. (-horse) 

Postmaster deneral, |^. ^ 
^ Yik-moo^-sze. 



Post-office, ^ 4= 
.svnn^- koon. 



POT 



251 



POT 



Post-office Order, ^^ 'is 

^^W^Wi shue suim koon 
ke' ooi' far/n. 
Postal ..ote. ^ # |g ;2: 



snue siiun koon ke 



chi taan. 
Posterior, ^ ljau\ ^j| 5^ 

liau' loi. ^^ fsoi hau . 
Posterity, -^p ^ Uze suen, 

■^ Iiau^ yui': may 

your posterity increase like 

locusts, ^ S?f f ?r ^ 

cltuung sze in heng . 
Postpone, j^ j|^ chin-oon , 

gfe Ja '^^^' k'i, :tt a 

/'/a'-clri. 

Postscript, S. ^ /«o» -;7M^ 
HIS: Aw:'«;i?/e^\:g^ 
/.--■o?^ r/<^', '^^ yau k'ap, 
S. -2^ tsoi wan. 

Posture, y^ W^ ying-.sAat . 

Pot, ^ 00, *oo, (chanaber-) 
-^'^ pin'-*oo, or :^^ 
ye 00, (to boil in) _^ po, 
(col.) 9§I ^wj?, (flower-) 
^ §J /f-p'oon. 



Potatoe, 'j}^^^- Hoh-Zrtan- 
*shue, ^ "J^ shoe- fe«i, 
(sweet) ^ ^- A'«/'-*shue. 

Pot-belly, |]E |]i: g J fi-^t'o- 
naam, ^^ :^ 'ro/i fciA; ; 

a hog's belly, ^t ?i3 BS 

r/^we ;W(7?/ naam. 
Potency, ^^"fX shai -lik, ^ 

]^ kmma-Wk. 
Potent, "^ ^ yau lik, ^ 

k'uen. 

Potful, — ^ 'j^ //'/^ 00 
^moon ; a potful of tea, 
— ^ ^ '/«^ 00 ch'a. 

Pot-luck, ^^ ^ i)in faan , 
•^ 15 Bbeuuj? faan ; to 
take potluck, ^ ffi flS 
shik pin faan . 

Pot-herb, ^ |^ /''^'J.v ^.?'oi^. 

Pot house, /J> :Jg ^ ^^-m 



tsaii tim 



Potash, 



kaan. 



Pottage, ^ f'-on>j, ^ /ran^r ; 
a mess of pottage, — _^ 
^ //a/ tau 7^rt«,i7 ; (to 
^ake) :^ ft ^ ^ 
V^?<d!-8hunk-mak- /"mm. 



POU 



255 



I'OU 



Pot'^e.T' 5Sff '"t'^-/'*''' *t 
% /romy-Siga, (-kilu) ^ 

*^. noa-iu. 

Pouch, ^^ iioni;, d^ *toi ; 

a good for nothing, i.r., a 

mere wine-skin and rice- 

]iag, Sg ^ -QIZ ^ ^^««« 

'toi'. 



nong faan *^ 



niaui 



Poulterer, ® 

Poultice, f& Jf ;tt P\ up- 

ch'o/iff-tn^oiAin , (put on, of 

laan -faan -u/;. 

Poultry, f||| kai-aap. 

Pounce upon, j^ Is'eung ; 
to pounce upon the rocket 
sticks on 2nd day of 2nd 
moon, i^ :p|J ^ fs'eung 
j/'fiau t'au. 

Pound, (to) (as rice) ^ 
rhuuiig ; to pound or hull 
rice, ^ ^^ chuung mai ; 
to pound chunam, ^ ^|^ 
v]^ ch uung fooi aha ; (rub 
and grind) ^ Ini, (weight) 
^ p'ong, -|-II^ shap- 
i - leung ; (monej) — • 



gut p-ong, ^ 13 ^ fP 
ging hvok kuiii Utii. 
Pour out, gJ| f/rM»,, ^] [JJ 
'to-chhaU, (in) gJJ lo', ^|| 
^ -^ /fOflM -yup-/(7<« ; he 
poured out the tea from 
the tea-pot. JE ^ S ffi 

<7/?/;n ch'a c/i^t/ut loi ; I 
poured the water into the 

basin, ^^^]i<.A^ 

ngoh fo s/iid yup p'oon ; 

the rain poured in torrents, 

c c. . , :> 

ue /cr-ng p'oon i na ; 

provisions poured in from 

all quarters, 0^^^ 

^ A 5te ^^-^^ •''^'"^^ ^^^" 
shik mat yup loi; he poured 

more oil into the lamp, 

yau yup ff/ng : pour more 

wincin, vggA^atiM 
lo^ yup /(/// fi fsdu. 
Pout, :©^ y/;i^-8huun, |£|j 



tut tsui. 



POW 



-256 



POX 



Vowdei, ^ fun, ^^^ *moot, 
(gun-) i)^ ^ 'M-yeuk, 
(inediciue) ^^ ^ yeuk- 
saan ; tooth-powder, ^^ 
5^ U}?a /"wi ; to grind to 
powder, ^^ moh saan; 
we may break stone to 
powder, but the dmt will 

remain, fS S J^ ^ 
chwmij shek sheng ^fun. 
Power, ^g^ ts'oi-nang, '^b 
^J .s///?i -Ilk, f^fj^ k'uen- 
'pinij ; the power of wine, 
VP j/j /saw lik; full power, 
:^^ ts'uen k'ueu; in my 

power, ^ p]" Hli '"go^^ 

hoh nang ; not in our 

f ^ver, ^^TC^il 'ngoh 

tang 'm nung ; to gain 

power, ^ fg ^f5 ta^'^ 

k'uen peny . 

Powerful, ;/c ffi 195 Ofi^ 

taai k'uen peng ti; ^^Hfll^ 

k'eung ti; he is a powerful 

prince, i-g^ If ^m;^:£ 

■^ k'ue bai k'ueu shai kg' 

wong ^S0e ; a powerful state, 

»»S ^ k'eung kwok . 



Powerless, ^ffi yj* mo ts'oi. 

^ ^J ft '"*^ ''"^ '®""S- 
Pox, (syphilis) ^ )y ^ 

shang-feng-peug , jf^ J^ 
kom-ck'-ong ; chicken pox 
pustules, .35 ^S- tau 
ch''ong ; small pox pustules, 
Jg 3^ tnu M'«m ; sraali- 
pox, ^ ^ tau rheyig ; 
chicken pox, 7J\^ ^S s/m» 
*tau : spontaneous small- 
pox, ^ ^._^ /'»'i hang 
*tau or I^U ^fg^ ch'-uut 
tau ; infected with small- 
pox, ^\\ ^ im *tau^ : 
inoculate with small-pox 
by blowing tlie virus 
through the nose, "j^ ^^ 
miu *tau : inoculate with 
lancet or by blowing, j^ 
3n chmmg^ "tau ; small- 
pox scab, ^ ^^ tau /;« 
or ^^ 1^ r.au' S'w; pock 
mark, 3^ ^ tau pa or 

^ J^ ''^^^ I''^ ' ^*^*^ '^'' 
goddess of small-pox, |^ 

^^ tau shan ; goddess of 

small- pox, ^ "S* tau mo. 



I'liA 



257 



PRK 



l*racfciciihle, 'j^ ^J V/oA- 
vunnjj . ^^ ^^ ^akai-tak, 

tah. 
rracticiil joke, ^ i^^ ^ 
rm;>^ - twi - yan - /.t? : a 
practical plan, pj* ^ ^ 
^4" hoh slieiit; /.(»^ /u'» ; 
a practical sailor, ^ -^ 
^TJ^-^ shtiiik s//r/// /'e 

I'nictice, ^ ^^ tsaap-lin ; 
practice makes it natural, 

^ tf ^ S ?<^ /^^^p 

kwaan slieug tsze in ; 
practice speaking, ^ PJ 
-^^ tsaap Ac/w i/um. 





} 'raise. 



RM 



/5^/f,'/i - mi, 



^ tsaan -sin . 



^tseung. ^ ^ f/r//?v sin . 

Trance, a ^•'"';^fi5K^ 
.^ ;)'ar/a-Ioi- p'aau-hue'' . 

j'rate. j^ ;^ 0^ 0^ c/u-cA/- 
cha^-clm''. I^ ^5 ^mon^^ 
ue, j^^ /'w^ L'aam. 
Prattle, (col.) !§; [f ; P^ 0^ 

*9 *5 ^ # ^-'-^-«' 

ii-U-to-t^-. flg d^g 'aw-a. 



Pg 15^ Iman f'aam, ^^ 
huuny in. 
Prawns, t||J ^g^' minc:-Art ; 
firied prawns. $^ ])|^ A« 
mai. 

P'-aj' frli ^^''-'^'''' )!^5^ 

k'i-k-an, (J pray you) gg 
'tu'en;! ; to pray for rain, 
j^ pg k'i Sie: to pray for 
an injunction, 5^ ^^ |j[j 
=m k'au Z'ocn rlnivf. juun^. 

I'rayerbook, W\M^'X^ 
1^ k'i t'o mun he i^hae. 

Prayer, |^ ^ r'o Z'rt\- after 
prayer, ^ ^ ;2l ^ Vo 
mun r//i liau ; at prayeis, 

ff iS :$: H$ k'i \\> Chi 

shi ; morning prayers, $^ 
jp, ;^ 1^ ■^ r7;/// V.s-o /:« 
t'o num. 
Preach, **q] '^ .->//?/? -eh 'nen, 

kong-to : to preacli the 
Cospcl, ^ jjil ^ '^i^ong 
fiiuk ijiim ; to preach peace, 
^S Tpn *^^'<?/?/7 woh ; truth 
has been preached for yearn. 



PRE 



1^58 



PRE 



chan to i s^ne)} icong toh 
nin ; he preached little 
sermons to his l)rothers and 
sisters, ^•MMMMM. 

SUCH koiig tuen k(uin to li 
ue k'i hcng mooi Pnig. 
Precarious. |i^ |^ i^lj '/">«- 
him-*t\ : (^warning notice) 
Danger ! ^^ >^'^" shue ; 
his liealth id very precarions, 

peng shai sbap fwi him ; 
he is at the present moment 
in liospital in a very 
precarious condition, "^g 

-^ k'ue ue hum hai i uen 
ying shai shum ''him. 

Precaution. ^ ^ ue''-fong-. 

Precede, ^^ tsoi -sin, (go 

fi^'st) "^t tr '■"" ■lining : go 

ahead a little, i^ ^ fj 
— "^ ni silt hang //a/^ po , 
or ^"^^^chim .^in t'&u • 
to precede another. -^ ^ 
J^lJ ^ Si» Z'fw/t pit van. 



Precedence, -^ s/;?, |5j|j ^ 
ts'in che; to take precedence. 

% "if ^^-ai '.s//.a^^ ;^ J: 

wai sheung ; the order of 
precedence, '^^J? '>(('(" 
ts'in' Sie, Jg i^j IS 
Cheung yau tsue : to give 
him precedence, ^'f^'j^ 
'^ yeung k'ue wai ^shitu ; 
to let him take precedence, 

WfS^fcfl yeung' ^k'uc 

sin hang : precedence by 

seniority, J^"^ tsue rh'-i. 

Precedent, ^^'fi^ sin- hi- 

i^^^^^ ts'in yauZ'c sze 

Preceding, -^ nin, ^ 
sin ti : the preceding montli, 
K* M sheung net ; the 
X)rtceding week, fUJ^^^jp^ 
^^ ts'in Jcoh lai pa(n\ 

Pi-ecept, .^ 0)j luntii^-fun^. 

^ ^ A .m-t'iu, g ja 

chimi-lc'ivai. 
Precession of the equinoxes. 

Precincts, J^ ^ king-kaai . 



•UK 



25'.» 



IMJK 



Precious, W^ p"-]Woi^, 3^ 

kum elm ling ti ; precious 

stone, ^^ ^^ )io shek ; 

precious things, ^^ 7'^ 

mat. 
Precipice, ^» ngai-ngaaai, 

MJ j^ ^//c/^/?i-ngaai. 
PrecipiuiLe, ^ ^^ raong- 

is'uiilc, (to) '(^/^^ L'ing-tit\ 
Precipitous. -^ ^ "gai- 



suinig, ^ ngaara. 



Precise, jj^ ^ tuen-fony, 
j£ tupn-chinif, j^ 
chiiig-ling, ^^ ^ f?/(>;i 

fAon^, IE IE Dfl^ ^^'^''^' 
r/««^' /t; can you tell me 

the precise meaning of this 

ni hoh i tseung ts'ze tsze 
7r^^ t /'««/ *^ngoli c/(» ;n'? 
Preciscl.v, Jg r//»/?y\ p^ gg 
iigaam-ngaam ; I went out 
precisely at twelve o'clock 
noon, jEiE'^B$ + i:l 
^k ^ « ttj * ' ^-/ 



rhing^n^ shaj) i* //>/? rhnunj 
ngoh ch'uut hue . 

s c 



Preclude, gg^ |J^ ^rl,oh-lcnah\ 
%^ 'm\n-chi\ 7f^ 
"m- //I ; he is precIudLd from 
any opportunity, ^H 'fg 

^ S # '•^"/'"» 'l^""^ "io 
/.'i oui ; to jireclude any idea. 
^ S ch'ue ■', 5^1^;^ 
^^ niin ch'iie hoic i\ 
Precocious, ;^^ lo-laat,^ 
^lengng\^>^^^ 
s/iiu nin lo shing : a pre- 
cocious child, ^'Q^^H^ 

>^ IB ^'''^'"Z?' ^ts'ze 'lo shing 

ke^ t'uung. 
Preconceive, ^ -j'^ ne-^/coo. 
Predecessor, -^ -[^ 5/M-yun/ 

_J^ -^ sheung a^a?/. 



Predetei'uiine, 



lie 



ting 



Predicament,^ ^.yings/tr/i\ 

got into a very awkward 
predicament, tEJS^IB 
;2 ^ ^^^''"e ne^ naan A 



•>^ 



sze . 



PRK 



260 



l»RE 



Predict, Jg^ ue'-in, ^•''' 
a3& ne -sin- wa"*: T cannot 
predict how things will be 
in future, fgpg ^f|^ 

^ ip W '"S"^ '"> /'""^' 

/a/c hau sze ue hoh. 
Predisposed, -^[n] siH-/«'wn^ . 
Predominate, g J^ yeng- 

kwoh . 
Pre-emin3nt, }i} ^ cli'uut- 

\m\ lij^j^ ch-iiut-diuung , 

^^ r/r/:^( k'wan, g'^ 

c/i'iM shcung. 
Pre-eminently, ^ jjf fei/e 

V;r), ^ ^ BS5 ^'''-'"^ ^^'^^^'^ 
/t; pre-eminently virtuous, 

A;^iWi^ yan ; pre-eminently 

good, jyH^A ''^1^'"' 
shing yan ; pre-eminently 

^vicked, pj^ 1^- ® A 'i 

0^^ Icivoli yan. 
Pre-emption, jt( K ^ S 

«i» raaai /ice k'uen. 
Pre-engaged, -^^ sin-ying. 
Preface, ^& E s//.?^?-tsue ; a 

short preface, /j^ 51^|^ 



*^s«< "^yan shiie tsue ; to write 
ii preface, i^f? tsok' tsue*, 
or m /J> r^j se sill yan. 
Prefect, Jj] ^ chi-'^foo ; the 
prefect of Chiu Chan, 'J^ 

./i'oo;?; his Honour the 
Prefect, -j^ J^ Paai^ [foo, 

or Ijj 7^ V"'' ''•^''«''- 
Prefecture, Jj^ ^fuo, gg kwan^ 
the prefecture of Kwoug 
Chan, g j'l^j IjJ 'A"?^?o;?^ 
C^(7^^ /oo; from which pre- 
fecture are you ? f^ '^ -[^ 

^|5 B^ "^ '^^'^ ^'^^^ kwan 
w» ; the first prefecture in a 
province, ""g" ^ shau 
kwan ; a prefecture ex- 
cln3ive of the prefectural 
city, ^ IB 'foo kwan'. 
Prefer, ^'>g ning-oi\ ^g 
ning-uen\ J^^ IcarKf-oi'x 
1 prefer tea to coffee, ^ 

^igoh chuiuig P ch'a /^aw^"* 
M /cM'oZi* ^7^ ./? ; he prefer- 
red waiting, fg^|§5§ gl 
k'ue ning uen' tang hau*. 



> '• v 
1 1 Vt 



^61 



VRK 



Prefe.M.e.u, ^ftj^lKfe 

ko kirnt, Ay^ rliik wax . 
I'refigniP, J^ -JjrJ n^^-^yiiui. 
Prefix, ^f di^ |g lok-Vu-- 

fc'au,^^ j?;i ]|j Ig l-.k- 

t'au- titif/s/tiJc . 
Preonant, "JM ^^i waai-yan , 
^' # 111 Van-.<f//^n-'/.», 

j|f;fl^^ L'0ll-/V;/, (COLL.) ;^ 

^t ^ taui' Vo p'oh, ?f^ 

IJi: V;mi 'l'o,^^ JIp Vail 
t'oi, y^ Z/l yau yan , "^ 
y^ ^i yau lunk map ; ;i 
pregnant woman, ^i i/^ 
yan^ ^foo : the lady is joyful, 
i.e., pregnant, ^ \^ 
'^ foo yan ^yau hi. 
Prejudice, ^^ ^ pHn-kia^; 
I am prejudiced against this 
form of religion, ^^'j^ 

ts'ze tuiy kaaii' moon ; his 
conduct prejudiced me 
.gainst I.ini, VQ^ffi'^ 

he^ hang wai Idug ^igoh sin 
laang Q(? k'ce; to prejudice 
a person, ^ ^ hoi yan, 



^ ^ii(>n yan ; to pre- 
! judic(5 a business, ^SL ^^ 
j iig' szu . 

! Preliiiiinarv, ^j ^ San-V//, 
?I ^ "IS yaii-7a-;..'^ i 
have taken the ])rcliniiiiary 

^^ ngoii iwnn sill liang 
ch'il fant ; fiveliminary 
ceremonies, ^9^ ^ ^t^ 
ch'-oh hang /te^ Mai. 
Preraa.Lure, H^^ ^ I'uai^-^tso, 
^ ^ mi'-shuuk; pre- 
mature birth, /J> ^' ^617/ 
Maan % premature death, 

Prenicdituted, ^^MlU 
uc -sin- seiurg-th''uut. ~^* ^ 

Premises, ^ *lionjj, ^ '^ 
wmA; *ne, ^^ fij\ chue^ s^oA, 

Premium, 'M' ^sheuiig, (money) 
^ ^ ^67(<'?/;^^-*ngun. 

Preoccupy, ^t ^ ^6^1] •''^'"- 
/a/;:- ?o, -^ 3J)( sin-''ts^ug, 
^ 3fc chue'-.st«. 

Prepare, ^f^ 'jfjjl f/mMn-pi\ 

§g fj ^./.%-pi\ jg >iif} 

ue''-pi , ^^ ching-tmg^i 



I'RE 



2G2 



HE 



to prepare battle-sliips for 

nt' pi' c/iii/ shueii hoi chin^: 
to prepare fully, ^(|^ pi' 
rs-ai : to prt'pare medicine, 
v!^ M^ jrarm^ rhui yoiik: 
to prepare fur :i jnurney, 

clreiig ; to prep'iue rice, '^^ 
1^ ^rhae fann': to l)e pre- 
pared for, pjjfffl ff>":-i" 1'''- 



'ngaii. 



Preponderate, 

cli'uung. 
] 'reposition. ')]\\ 

/.(yo;; ts'/.e . 



^ 



iiet- 



hn 



Presbyterian, ^ /^ W^ 
rlu'imji 111 H\ the i'res- 
hvterian church, ' 



rheuili/ lo k'dixc' 



001 



Preposterous, ij^f; /|t V'"','/- 
foug, :^ A Ji "ni-yup- 
"^li, '["^^ k/r(i((i^-t<fi/ii\ 

Prepuce. [^/^JRU& >*-^""g 

mat ts'in p'i. 
Prerogative, ^ ^ Luuk- 

Iv'uen. 
Presage, (a) ^^gfj eliiu'-fau. 
Presbyter, ^^"^^7^ 



kmu^ ooi^ A:«^ cheiimj V 



ooi^ rhfuiii/. 



Prescrijititin. ^ 'yj yenk- 
/"(■'////: to write out prescj'ijt- 
tions, ^^ ^ ^ ^"'* yeuk 
/bill/: to c.oinjKuuid a pre- 
scription, 'q'^ hop yeuk, 
or ^T^ ^^ r/i</y/ yeuk. 

Piesence, ^ j>||j" niin -ts"in, 
(of mind) j^ ^ taam^- 
tiiig'. ^ J2i ting'-/h//': 
in your presence, ^f^^ 
pllj tsoi ni min' ts'in ; in 
the presence of the Hmperor, 

Presence chamber. pH^H noi 
ch'in, p^ ^ noi^ feng. 

Present, (time) -As. l:nrih (to 
be) ':{£ tsoi', (a) jjig jfy 
"^lai-niat, (to) ^ suini'/^. 
Ma Jt. /""^- f^heiuig : pre- 
sent for :i journey. ^^ ^^ 
nj§ ts'in hang lai : I have 
hnjught. yon ;i ]iresi-nr, of 
two melons, ^^^^ 



VWK 






PRI-: 



Snani '■|('iuij>- /iv///? /^/''a loi 
siiuiii/ niriili. 111 ; a pO'ir 
Iireseiit. ?iff njp pok hii : 
a i)resciit iiiude in I'cturii, 

fn(t}i rse : n lilieral present, 
jP-ZlM '''"' lai; tlieiiresenb 
'IjuasLy, tJ^^SH /'""" eli'iii : 
the present year, <4w 4^ 
A)//// iiin : at tlie pre-flent 
time, -^ fl hum vat, or 
^ -ftf; ///y// .^/ra' : to 
present a jietition, j]^ I^ 



tai'' luni 
Presently, ^ 

t^ tsan^-Ioi 



tsan^-Z'w, 



1 'reserve, -xt" 'f^ shiiii-vhwa^ , 
^ ^ >tf-ts-nen, ^ p~p 
ts'nen- ha ; she inailc up her 
mind to i'emaiii unmarried, 



tM i: ^\!> ^ n 'i<'"« 

laaj) s///// .';////(C As/Y'' ; to 
])resc'rve in suiiar, H3 '^1^ 
^lj[ yn.ng^ fong ^i// : sno-nr 
imaj;'escari'ie(l in pmceesions 
at weddings, ^ j^ hcimii 
t•onL^ 



Picserves, |^^ t'oii£r-^A'/r/7/t. 

Pivsidi; over, to ^ ^ 
chnmii hoon, -^ ^ wai 
chi'inui; to preside at a 
meetinu', -jSj ^ ^ ^ai 



ooi^ '^rli.ewiii. 



President, ^_^ ^'ooi -fan; of 
a Ptcpublic, ^gi^ '^''»//- 
'^t-niiij: vice-presidoiir, ^\ 

Press, (a ) |.|g kwai\ (oil, ^VLc.) 
|^-r//^^\(printino-)fnS 

representatives of tlie press, 

s'lii mnu V/;i S'iwo// po"* 
sze'' yaii. 
Press, (to) ^ ^ auf'-ii\\m\ 

i§l pi!', |i^ <tia\ 52 ''/".'/; 
to press sugar cane, ^ 
ft? ciKi die \ to press 
Steadily, )^f 'ft naf^ chue^; 
to press solid, |g| ^ ^<^^/.' 
>hat. 

Prestij^e, ^ 5|^ s/^/z/^-shai' : 
lose jirestige,* :^ f 3 ® 
.'iA/a /v/j mill . 



PKK 



261 



PHFi 



Presume, ^^ jf^ taam- kom, 

/o/?^, ;U shii/, (on) »|*^ 
'ch'i,-(^'|^ Vshi; T don't 
presume to say mnch, ^ 
pg ^ ^ " ' 



^ Ijf 



ncoli 'ra 



/corn toll' ill ; how can I 
presume, ;^ ;^ hi /com ; 
to pref'ume on one's self, 

Q 'j*^ tsxo '"chi ; to pre- 
sume on one's relations, 'j^ 
y^ -^ jni ch'i yau s/iau 
/iUiilc; to }iresume to act, 

ffl^@ 1t ® sbin'tsze' 
/sfl/c Avui. 
J>resumptive,^ f £ ^ Z W. 
mo AT^n fe mong", ^f^ Q 
mong tsze : presumptive 
tope, 0' gg A?<6 mong'. 

Pretence, §tfl^ ^'"''^^ ^°' '(^ 
^ fse in, f^ g yeung 
vrai; a pretence of authority, 

# fi ^ 1i y«""S' «ai 
yau k'ueu. 
Pretend, '^ cZta, >[^ yeung, 
|g ;® maau'-wai, g ^ 
t%zi?-c]iHng, g 3 ^ 
tsze - A<-wa'; to pretend not 



to see, i.e., to wink at, =^ 
p^ J^ rAr? 'm /cin ; to 
pretend t,o sleep, g^ JU 
c/^a /)/?/ ; to pretend to be 
Foolish, f^^J^ff^^^cAa' 
/cimi c/ia ma : to pretend 
ignorance, ^^ \^ pg ^ 
yeung /so/^ 'm eld: he ])re- 
tends to be mad, gj^ d^ 
r/<ft tin ; to pretend to be 

^^'' tfe ?^ ^^''^^ P^"S'' ^^'^ 

it ft % '^^ '^^'"■' '•^''^' 
""yau peng''. 

Pretext, §J/^^ t'o/i" /c.oo\ ^ 

^^ /'«// Ue\ H 4^ tsik 

Z'oo ; to get up a pretext t'> 

cause trouble, J/j^/ft^ 

(sik tuen s/iang hzt ; excuse 

one's self by a pretext, ^*0 

ife W- S? ^'''^ ^'^'"'' ^'^^' 
t'sze. 

Pretor, ^ 4^ /////> c/ieung^ 

Pretty, j^ g^ V/o-Vm, ^jl 

/«?/, ^ 'mi, fg; g uet 

rauuk, (-well) ^ /(jp Av- 

Ao; see if it be pretty or 



I 



PHK 



265 



I'lll 



Img *m leng ; as pretty as 
an orange, ^jcjj- gQ p^ j^g, 
A:ow t'au /'ow"* /e/^y ; this 
kind is the prettiest, ^l^^^i 
^I^ '7a ^f/jyMiai Iconi ; 
tliaiik you, pretty well, jj^ 

'I M tt '^'" '^''' "^» 



'ina ti , 



Prevail, ^ yeiig, (abound) 
M ^ /^</m//-shing^ to 
prevail on one to come, g^ 

prevail on one by word?, 

^§ W^ ^'^'^^ fnuk. 
Prevalent, Jj^ fr sbing hang, 

^ /<'/^ iii tr ^'""^^ 
hang ; for many centuries 

Buddhism has been the 

most prevalent form of 

religion, ?g|^^[^>^ 

hue tohimak nin fut Izaau 
kwong hang t-ia ha . 
Prevaricate, ^ ^ j\^^ 'm- 
'^kong-sum^ ^ |]j^ s/^^■;;^- 

saam-ngup-sze , p ^i^l^ 
^ (^rt7< shi sww ft. 



Prevent, ^^ 'choh, ^ ^ 

min-c/a , ^^ 'l^, 'm-/?i; 

r prevented his coming, ^ 

^ M in ^ '"g«i^ '"^'•^ 

<;/a^ 'k'ue loi ; to prevent 
trouble, ^ ^|^ Viin woh , 
^ §} \Wm lo, *^ ^ 
shading sze ; he was 
prevented by illness from, 
coming, g) ^f ^ tS 
fl 5(^ y^'" 'ya" peng* 
\'xie mo lai : there is 

nothing to prevent him 

entering, ^fjiJ^XtfS 
7^ mo "ye choh chi "k'ne 

y"P- 

Previously, J^ ^ ue -sm 
Price, ^ ^^ /ira^-ts'in, 
A;«^; Only one price! J^ 

^ Zl U '^Iff'f' P^i i ^^*'' 
true or real, ».?., fixed price, 
W ^ shat fcrt ; hold oa 
to your price, yon will sell 
eventually, i.e., wait till you 
are appreciated, 'J^l^IlTI 
^ toi"* ka i koo'; the 
market price, ij]" ^ shi 
to' ; the current price, B^ 



PRI 



266 



PRI 



slii kfi : tlie price is 



exorltitaut, 



/ra 



ts'in cli'uuno- ; to \wh\ out 



for ii liigliei- prici', j^ 



i=». 



B^ ^ ko t'oi shi /.Y/': to 
f^ell under price, *^(|!|;;fc 
B^ /;()«•' At< /v/r^/ tsin : 
Avhat price did it fetcli? (f^ 



3^ 

hi toh *iigan. 

Prick, ^1 "^li 'cli'nain-/5',jy'\ 



^/coon-ts^ze ; be pricked me 
with a piu, fg ]^ ::/C SS 

c///r/// ^'^'zc'* iigoli : to prick 
up the ears, ^tj^ g ^^ :^ 
.<//.'/?j Jiv tui i. 

Pricking. )^ ts'ch. 

Prickles, ^j lak, j})|J ts'ze . 

Prickly-lieat ^ ^J|g it-*A/i' 

• or i|^ -^ fdi isze. 

Pride, 1^^ "S'*' ■^'*^' ^^^ ^^^' 
play pride, ^ -iS ^ '/'» 



Priest, (.leuish) ^^ ^-w/ - 
.v5v^ (r.,„l.) ^ ^ woh- 
*shenng . [vulgarly known 
as. ^ t-j^ :^ nio r//r< na, 



/.r.. nothing to lay hold of, 
on account of their shaven 
lieads], (Tau.) ^ J;; to^ 
'Vze', (Rom.) jjj{jj ^ shan- 



foo ; a liama priest, ^l 
{^ In ma scar/ ; to turn 

priest, M ft f# t7 ^'^"' 

f/zf/t'' stiii hang. 
Prim, j^ )f^ /n/r-foo^. 
Prime. 'M — • hu-f/at. 



ngo /ti . 



Pride of India, ^^yfv •'^■/'^'"'■ 
mnuk, ^S- 1^ /bo-lin . 



%//fl!?<, J-*^ ^ sheung - 

fan//. 
Prime cost. 2J5C^ ;w/y/-ts'in. 
Prime Minister, ^^j^ l>('"i - 

aeinif/, ^j^ ^fsoi-seunff . 

]*rimitive, /Jj ;;^ uen- 7W0;?.. 

Primrose, ^^i/-^ liu-//?'??^- 

A'. 
Prince, ^ /; 






tvini. 



fs'-an-won^ : the Heir Ap- 
parent, H[r -^ tnr/P ''tsze ; 
the Imperial Prince, ^ -^ 
wonof tsze .- the Prince and 



V\Xl 



267 



I'KI 



his Ministers, ^ y^ ^ 
woiii: taai shall, vr ^ ^ 
A'fr</// shall. 
Princess, ^ ^ /-//m//// >/nif; 

/V S.ue, lai 7J ^ t5c 
Av/v// A/r///< /.v nuc. ii 
sovereign princess, ^r i 
hirini rhiit'. 

Principal. ^ — -jgf iMii-y//- 
/W/\ (-thing! j^ TJi '^''''"- 
j[W(7//, (money) ^^| 7"^"" 
ts'in : the principal of a 
sclifol,^^ (hoiDui hifin : 
to be the principal. ^ m 
wai fan, ^ p 
the principial idea, j|^ 
-^ f3 tsiii. Hi i:r I : the 
principal actor, Jp ^ r/iiiif/ 
sliiuiij : the jirincipal wife 
and concnbine. ^^ ?''>V// 
/5'//' ; the princij)al gate, 
JEp^ ching' moon, ggf^ 
fail moon. 

PrincipalitT. ^[^ ^ 7'c??y 



■ - wai .'<lniii 



Principally. ^ j^ taui^- 
*/rvM\ ;^ ^^J t;u.i'->!//. 

Principles. ^ Ji to^'li. jj| 
^li : he is a man of high 
principles, fE'lg^ jl^ 
^ "^k-ne liai^ teng Idn h<^ 
yan; the principle of nature, 
/M: jW .s/////" "^li : every man 
his own principles, ^ ^ 

the principle of human 
nature. Xtt^S -^■^" 

«///^^ A'" ll. 

Print, n^ /A'//^ to print for 
gratniious distribution. ^ 
5JJ lim/ auuutr. printed 

cahcoes. fjl'^tfl H^"' ^" 
po^: lie is the i)nnter and 
publisher of the Chnnu- 
Xgoi-San-Po.jlaf^f^^h 

hai ('Innuifj ngoi .*'//' /'" 
//«/< ts/.c .V"(?// c/</'e. 
Printing office, ffl ^ t^^ 



PR] 



268 



PRO 



I 



Prior, -^ sin ; (Buddliiso 
abbot) 'Jjf'^ fong chenng , 

wai^ woh sheiiiig'' fan. 
Prison, 1'?^ ^® kaam- foiv^ ; a 
prison for females, ^ ^^^ 
^|j^ ^luie ka^i)}} ynnk ; lie is 
in gaol doing hard labour, 

^tb'o liaaiu ifiok^ [foo hiuiif/ ; 
commit to prison, '^^ ^ 
^il^ /'wm* ynp kaam noi^. 

Prisoner, ^^Q, /i:«^/w-*faan , 
(of war) ^^ foo. or f^ 
pn /f^" ts'au. 

Private, ^^"^ szp-/ca, (secret) 
^ mat, /g/. g pi^-mat, 
1)^ ^'/«" : a private gentle- 
man, ^ -^ hue sze ; 
private conversation, ^^ 
5ze t'aam : private effects, 
1^ ^ ka sze ; for private 

j?2(3 /<:« juung"* U\ my private 
account, ^%^^^ 
^ngoh S0^ /rtf sAw mniik ; 



his private opinion, "fSQ 

tsze'' ^kl sze mat ke^ i^ kin' . 
Privet, fUgiistnun hfcidnm) 

lij^'ftj^ sV/afm-sui -heung. 
Privilege, J'^f:!-^ ts^cni^-^hmnf. 
Privy-conncil. fJj [^ iioi^ 

kok\ 
P'-ivy, (a) JjllJtJi; tH^zp'-hanng: 

to go to the privy, ^ ffj 

^j^ /i/^('^ cJi'-mif hamg. 
Pnvy-seal, H 1:^*1,^1] 

■^ 7 3 > 

/.'//•rt/r wong /re sze gait . 

Prize, (a) '^^ ^slimng, ■^ 
Ply ^s7;.,//,y-/.r5t^\ ^ J|g 
'^shfiung-ho^ , (to win a) ^^ 
yeng ; a valuable prize js 
awarded, '^ft^pl;:^;^: 
W 4>^ ^sheiing ts'ze kivai^ 
^ch'uung ZV ^sluvng mat ; 
ro gain a prize, ^^'^^ 
ink ^sheuiig mat. 

Prize up, ^^ ^ kiu^- /«'. 

Probably, T^ ^ wnak-^che, 
(most) _;^ jff^ ta(i?--k'oi\ 
tfl ffj © P'a-ha,i'-ku'a\ 

Probation, ^^ ^^ ^Ai'-im . 



IMU) 



2»;f> 



I'hM) 



i'robe, (a) $j[J chum, ^ ^j- 
t^aant'-chvm ; a silver probe, 
® S? #t '-Saf'n t'aam' 
chum ; |)r<)l)e-Pcissors, p]j 

iS P ^ |y '"''■ ^^^''^'"-'^ 

^(Tp j'i-rhnm-t-aam^-%^. 

^vJ^ ^ mi ting' chan ^ka 

I*roblcmaticaI, ^ ^' 1^ ^ 
waak yan \\aik Siiu. 

Prolxscis, 1^^ tseung'-pat, 
^ ^^ tscut)(v''-pi'. 

Procedure, fi/f ft :i ^ 

.«AoA liaiic: /re szb^ t^>^ 

hang wai, 'i^-^/'W^ ^•^■2^- 

Proceed, "^ 5t^ ts'in-feMi^;?', 
Jl M 4* ^^''tiiiig-tfe'in- 
//i/e\ (from) {;{j c/ruuf, ^ 
^^ cli'-uut-oo ; I quickly 
{ r^K^ceded to the liotel, ^ 

fsi/cshihue fsau tini'; the 

man proceeded to work, |[Q 

A*S^X^ ^^^oh' yan 
//j/e"^ tso^ killing foo. 



Process, ^ -^ /<:^a/' ^tsze ; 
the process of colonisation, 

B^ ^ <: S ^"^^ f-^»' '^^' 

fa((t^; now in fn-ocoss of 
coiistrncticn, Jj^ (j;^ ^ 

gg * % '"'' 'I'i '■'■"' 

hoi mi'' iicn : in process 
of tiiua, ►j^ ^ fseunf; loi ; 
the process of making paper, 

Juul\ 
Procession, (idolatrons) ^^|^ 
lii^^ l^'o-saai'-ch'iiut-ya.iv, 
to hold a procession, JjJ 
-1^ ch'uuf, ooi'; a procession 
(tf Buddhist priests, •— ^^ 

5fn l^J iil tT y^'^ •"^an 

woh sheniig' ch^uut hang. 
Proclaim, W'^ s/«w-ch'uen, 

shi'; to proclaim the Gospel, 
Sf#ifi§S' suen ch'uen 
fuuk ijinn ; to proclaim for 
gcnoi-al itiformation, p^^fv 
^ ^ t;/A'?««if shi hiu ne'; 
to proclaim by voice, pj 



'g /<f/<< .st<e?i, 



PRO 



270 



PJfO 



Proclamation, (a) ^>3\ ''•'" " 
slii^ Imperial proclamation. 
*FA ^ ■'""''^ '^■"^: confer 
nobility \)Y proclamation, 

n^'^d* ^'^ f'<^'i'!^ '■ t<^» ••onfer 
])osthumons honours by 
proclamation, ^^' P© Jro^ 
tsiinj-. proclamation decrees 
conferring rank from 1st to 
5th degrees, g^ ^ h^ 
ineng'^: to issue a jiroclama- 
tion. [ij ^^ '/''""' ^'<>' 
shi\ 
Proclivity. i^Hf — frfl 7''*/'- 



Procrastinate. ;||f j^ f-ui-ch'l, 
(COL.) \lp {{t '/e-fii'\ (put 
off from day to day) Q 1^^ 
— yat-/'n/-//^/M'at. 

Procurator, ^^^ sliing- 
paan -van. 

Procure, ^B^^. 'n-iai-h/c, ^ 
-gj tak-%, }gf|i] '/oh-'(o. 

Prodigal, ^^^ '■/'''' vva, ^^^ 
5 long' /r/i' ; (a) Jg -J^ 



Ion g"" -V3.il?. 



Prodigious, l]^"^ f^i'-^^ taai . 
^'^^ k-ii\§,;^kek 
taai ; a }ir(idigious mass of 

water. — /r 3^ ^fC 

i/iif ji^ni taai shin : a 
moimtaiii nf prodigious 

'>;^'^'i't' ^ US K pi Z 

\\\ koh k(i ho he s/i/r/oi ; 
a li<in of jirodioioiis size. 

kue taai zip .s.~(? r.S'.?^. 
Prodigy, ^f^ Islng-hivaci , 
Produce. [Jj f/r //;</. ^ [Jj 

shfiang-ch'-unL f^'- 'rJi'aiiii. 
Product, ^"j[^ ch'ditii mat, 

i ^" "^^'^ ^rh'adii ; the 

|irodncts of prison lal)Our, 

faan'' '.sV/c/// tso^ Av^ mat. 
Profane. 5^ ^^^^ //•aP-sU . 
Profess, ^ |g, miag-ying', 

fi ^ iszo^-c/iU'iiff. 
Profession, (calling) ^^ ip. 

keuJi^-s/iik ; literary pro- 
fession, ^« ^^ hok ip : 
medical prolession. ^ ^^ 
i ip ; he is a doctor by 



PRO 



-'71 



'K(» 



profession, fg J^^ || # 
ff g 'U-ue /v' ip IkiP 
hang 1 : l»y profession he 
is a teacher, "(g J^ ^^ 

^ ^ fiS '^""« ''"^='' 
/:-<;/'/u^ hok ZV .O' ; he i^ a 

member of the medical 
profession. fS A B 4 
i^ k'ue ynp « *'^'^'".'7 hong, 
rrofessional. ;^ ^^ |^ sze^ 
ip // ; lie is a professional 
boxer. I'g 'i* J^ tr # 

W @ 4 ^i^'^^^' ^i>^»"^^' 

i /r/ k'nen hyii/. wai flittn//: 
a professional actor. LJj[ 

«: tE @ 4 'i '^"' 

7//^ wai ■'*/«r/»// ; he is a 
professional jugirler. 'fS 
K Jt: ^ S 4 ^k'n. ', 
chHk faat^ Avai s//ani/. 
Profebsor, ^f ^jjj /r^^^?/^ .vie, 
% ^ -in sZ/rtz/y, :^ ^ 

^C^^^f? ••-•//?/'' *nen taai^ 

harni^ .s.r^'. ^» ^^^ hok sze\ 

Pi'ofessorship, »^ ^f;;; ^ 

hok sze^ Jri'^ chi/i. 



Proffer, ^ fuung', ^^ ^ 
^ '.^ mnn' van iV /riw. 
r^ i\X k-an .A.,/. $}< g" 
k'au shau'. 

Trolile. ={^^[l5j /'*""'-/'»''- 
*niin'. ^ jg" >|§ /"'""'- 
niiii^-^^Tum/, ^ ^ (^ 
//'»'>//' niin'' tsciing . 

Profit. T^ljg li'-y/A-, (to) gg^ 
ehaan\ ';f |J li\ # ^] # 
/f//- li^ ////r : to profit by 
vonr advice. -^^ j/\\ ^ 

c/ii slii^ i ft<'i<'' j/ih : make 
a large profit, ^^"j^^ 
wok taai^ li' : leaving you 
a handsome ]>rofit. '^ j^ 

toll ]? *ts-iii : get no profit, 
^ ^^ @^ mo fdk chaan : 
a good profit is shown on 
]ire3ent prices. ^ ^^ B$ 

7/r)// in^ shi shi hi^ pin"* f/a' 
/<(/// wok taai^ li"*: cent per 
cent profit, i.^., 100 per cent 
profit. ^^%\] lui'kh,' 
]iN,rf|^-;^|J////Miopli\ 



PRO 



572 



PRO 



ProfifaUle, -^ g ^ya.x^-^/ik, 
-W IS V^u-chaan\ 

toI]g^/^.v/</, >Jg ^ long 

^^^ M ^ ff paai^^flr- 

Profound, '^ ..//m/K '^ JJ?£ 
.s//jwj-eb'«tn ; profound 
knowledge, ^ f,\] «g^ l.ok 

Profusion, y^ ^ f.Wri'-to/i ; 
licre we observed flowers 
in profusion, |^ jjj^ j|^ 

ngoh ti^ /cm^ iii shy/ Sau 
hue toll Siii /,/,. 
Progeny, JJl ^j V.y2^ .5^^^,^^ 

'K i^ '''^" vni : to die 
Without progeny is the 
most unfilial act, ^ ]^ 

«se i mo hau' Siaai tm'i^ 
taa,}^ pat haati'; a numerous 
progeny, ^ ^ g 



Prognosticate, jJ^ J\ cAww- 
puub, ^ ^\i chim-kwa\ 

^\\ ia litva^\ hence, teeth 
chattering ^vith cold (».«., 
rattling like a fortune- 
teller's ivory sticks do when 
he is about to use them 
professionally), ^ "g" :ff 
^|\ nga ^chH ta ku-a^. 

Programme, ^ ^* Jp. g 
ne?- ting^- taan - muuk, ^ 
J^ Ji. fs'ze tsue' /^rt/i ; 
the j)rogramnie of the 
procession, ^ ^g ^ lo' 
kejtfi taan ; theatre play 
bill or programme, ^ ^ 
hi' taan. 

Progress, "^ ijii ts4n-/s?<M/i\ 
\^"^ sheung-/,s?/?v;?\ ^ 
^^ tumiii' ylk. 

Prohibit, ^* jjj kum'^-kaai', 
^it ^^^(>^^^-^c^'i', smoking 
prohibited ! J| jj^ ^ »|| 
Amw' fAi shik ?'/?. 

Project, lUt jij 5[^ tui-ch'uut- 
lai, 51 June. 

Prolapse, |^ ^ chni'-lok. 



PRO 



'i7;^ 



'KO 



Prolegomena, j^ tsne', j^j 



van. 



I'lolilic, i(f. l^: siiiii' shniig, \ 

s/t('.ll(/ tl. 

Proloirno /K fij ••><// }an, 

Prolong, ;||jjj -^ /'o/<-cli'enng-, 
^ ;fS '<•////'// cb'enns, jj]j_ 
jj^^ ^//tf^-noi^ 

I'ron.enade, Jg fr ^ ^h 
Mil y*^" hiiug he iiuoi' ti , 
(Lo make) ^ ^ yan 
hang. 

Prominence. Hj tut. 

Prominent, t^ H;l tak-cA'/<M/, 

Promissory note, i^^ /^'*''- 

Promiscuous uiixiu'i', ^ ^ 
wan -tsaap, ^[ ^, Inen'' 
tsaap ; promiscuous use, 
^ ^ /rM?mY/ yuung^ 
(^ ^ t'uung yuung'; 
promiscuous intercourse, 
j^ /^ wan hop. 

Promise, Jg ^ .vi«/7-shing, 
(break aj -^ "S" shik-in, 



'ni I //(/// r//'/' ; full of 
promise, p^' ^" p[ gg 

taai y;m AoA nioiig . 
l*ronioiitoi y, J®-^^ /'"*- /'»"-. 

Promote, IJh choh , (a man) 
tS -t^ t'ai-pat : he is 
promoted to the first rank, 

1P. H: ± - u7. /''''«> 

sliiiig slieung yat jnni. ; 
promoted in rank, (J^ ^ 
.s7<*«/7 /i:oon ; promoted to a 
high post, i^j(^^" ^'f sAt/?^ ; 
promotion and degradation, 

Prompt, '|^^/^'^*'-tsit, (to) 

^ P t'ai-^sa,,. ;tS -41 

rhi ^yan. 
Promulgate, J§ J0 foh , 

yeung, ^M^^ ch'uen- koni/. 
Prone to j^ |hJ p'iu-heyng . 

^ ooi. 
Pronounce, ^ [ij ^ ^Icong- 

ch'-uut-lsii, g^ {^ wa.' -ck'uuL 
Pronunciation, p -^ Aam- 

yiim, p $^- Aaw-k*im ; 

incoiTect pronunciation, P 



PIU) 



274 



PRO 



"a" "y^ TfB ''"'"' l^'""' '1^ 
rhing ;correctproininciation, 

□ g''w' ^'"li f/"i" liop 
J'roof, ^ 1^ i)-:ing--A7/i" , 
([irint a) ^ ^^ V(^-V.y^ : 
thank you foi" this jn-oof of 
Tonr coutidence in me, ^ 

A/// tse ni at* s/iiou sxi/n 
lie iijioli : taiiu-ih!e proof, 



■liiiji Kne : mei'e 
Avords iii'c not proof, P 

K ^ iS ''"^" '^"^'t' "^<> 

p'an.u; : thei'c is [iroof, y^ 



YUA y=l'^ i''''"o- 



I'rop. (to) JJ^ ^ ^niui-^hi, 
;|4: 'ch-nc^aj (l^:f$t'in. 
cIC'aanii : th.is old liouse is 
sliored U]) with ])rop3, ^/^ 

/u' /.w/// krtn /^/^Z" i 'ch'iie 
cli'/Kiiii/ {'hue : propped up 

wiui pillows, j^^g^jf 

/^ i ell urn fan //>;// 
c'hue . 

Propagate, /^ HH ^ x//r/y/// 

ch'tiut loi, J# ^ /,v///// 

Idli. ^ ^^ kironij hang : 



to propagate this doctrine* 

M ff itt ® 'Av/'o//^ hang 

A><',:y Icadii: to ])ropagato 

Christianity, J^^IIU^ 

^f '^inroiKj ch'uen ye sn 
In I (I 11 . 



■^T" \^/iai- 



liaiig. 



Propensity, JligfR] pun-Zifi/i/it/ , 
i*ro]K'r, ^ chenk, -^ hop, 

-^ '«^ hop fn„ff. ^ g 

hop i : the projior way to 

•^•'/■^ ^^ 'it :<: 'ffi I'op i 

/v y^/''// : not proper for 
y<m to do. |lg ^ fj* fjc 

ni lioii ni tso : ins propel' 
name is Wong Meng, jS 

IE ^ n s m ^!^''»« 

rhliiij meng liai Woii'j: 
^Feng ; yon are a propci' 
fool, Um^^'j^^X 'ni 

rh(ii) hai ngoi van. 
Pi'opL'i'ty, i^ ^^ '^fli'-iiiiii-\\\, 

^ ^ /7/-ip. ^ tSNjl, 

(nature) \^ sin;/\ f^ ^fg 
M/i// -naoK : person«l jiro- 



vim 



PRO 



/.v ip : tins coMfc is iny 
I>roperty, p;^ |^ ^^^ ^ 
j^ ^ i^ /It kill shmiht 
hai Siguli /-'■ mat. 
rropl.osy, ij^ ^ 5[^ # 
"■/"^//-mi -loi-bze . ^^ \\ 



HlL'l 



^t 5a ■^"'-'■^" 



y 



I'roi 

Pi-ophctess. :^ ^t 5il '""^ 

5/'; J rA/. 
Propitiate. ^^ ^ woh-faau. 

^^ [EJ Svaaii-(K)i. 
I'l'opitioiis, ^ jjja^ Ls'ze- 

t^'eiino-. fiime, S:c.) ^ l.a/. 

Hf 'ho. 

]'i'o[iortioii. (rule of) j^ 'tejj 
V'-lai', @£ ^ root -faai' : 
only a very small |)ruportioii, 

^ ^® — /h «i y-/ 

JH-oporiioii. ^ {|[1 hop 
7''""' ; in due propcirtioii, 

M 'S '•^""' f""'\ i^ 
^ t/ar/^; i.laiimess and ^ 
ornament are in due 
porportion, ^^ SJ ffi [l[i , 



'''""'\ ^'*' ^^•=^^ ^H K '^ 
^ V//i eh -an // sze^; t(. 

' make a jiroposal to a lalv 

'^nne V/a^/^ p-om van V^///. 
JVo].ose. |J^|g^ ^-Wnu-shwe, 
m ± ,fi: '•/^•''''/-V/.v^-,^ 
wliat {\o you jaopose to 
yot,r8elf,fJ;--.-^-^^Sj- 
Su laap »^ yciik lioh : \ 
jtropose to v[o to-dnv, ^fe^ 

§^ -4" i" '"g^li ynuk 
li"i,i ynt ////^ : respectfully 

propose. ^1^^ Zvy/./ ch'an. 
I'roprietor, J^ ^ w.n-'rinie, 

W> A I'en-yaii. 
1 Propriety, jjjg gj; 'lai-.s//r/\ 

JTjf -ff^ 'lai i': contrary to 

propriety, ^^ p„oi' \x\. 
Pi-osecuto, -g: Lo\ (j.nrsue) 
[ Ji ^ holm -'/a, ^ c/,',,/^ 



'^► 



)ia. 



Prosecutor, |^i -g. „en a-./. 
Proselyte, 3i^^/.s-,,u//^/r/,/,<\ 

^ A ® ^ ^"'K' yui» 



h;i(iH 



Loi hiatc' die 






PRO 



276 



PRO 



Prospect, 3fe^" kiroyin-^hing. 

Prospect I'ur gold, ^B ^ 
Paarn, -kinn. 

Prosper, ^ [{£ A </(//- \vong\ 
^ 3^ ./;^^*^//'-taafc ; may I 
prosper thronolinut the four 
seasons, ^ ^^ ^ |J^ sze' 
kwai* libuj liiLiiig ; inay I 
prosper tliioiioliout the year, 

S ^ HH ifl ^•'''«" "in 
wo/ig'* aeuiifi^ . 

Prosperity, ± 3J kai ch'-euug, 
^Ijyfj" li'' 'slii ; prosperity 
iti all things, fi§ ^ ||[5 
7^1] maan sze^shuun^ li\ 

Prosperous, ^^ ^ ch'eung^- 

sliing', /io0^,S'naan' 
sze skinr/^ i* ; a i>ro8perous 

man, ^ jj ;^ A A'^'^' 
taat he' van ; a prosperous 
voyage, — S§ ^ ^ .V^'^ 
lo' p'eng ohn ; a prosperous 
business, ^ ^ J^I. [J£ 
.^hang i^ hing wong''; 
properous both in family 
and purse, f J!|:S fll 
Hag ts'oi leuug woug\ 



Prostitute, ^ ^g ch^eung- 
foo, ^ ^ n)un-*iigau; 

to buy a free person to be 

a prostitute, ^M.^^^ 
maai leung wai tU'eiuig: 

(to) '^^ y^ long -yuung ; 

to lead a life of prostitution, 

ra ^H ^ongch'eimg. 
Prostrate, -jig -gl] LHnj-'h. 

(one's self, gJKHj/^puuk- 

'to-shne, ^^ {J^ >fl-fuuk ; 

to prostrate on tlie ground. 

^ ijlj funk ti'. 
Protect, ^^ >-yau\ ^ 

iijij^ r/iaa/i-shaiw. 
Protege, j^Jj jjj? M '.sV/^^i- 



<:/«"'« -Z'oo . 



Protest, -g-gf Z;o'-5o', |^iVj> 

]^> ^ \va -.sw?>?-'m-fuuk. 

Protestant, (Christianity) B]| 

W^r Yii-soo-kaau . 
/ill) ^>v 

Protract, ^;^ /Wi-ch'eung ; 
to protract from day to day, 

Q ^ — • yat in gat yat ; 
to protract payment, 
"^ ia ioaw. 



PRO 



277 



PRO 



Protuberant, jHj tut, ^ [fj 
tut-c/i'//ii^; protuberant 
eye, j5| BR. tut *^ngann. 

Proud, @ {gr /cm-Dfro^; a 
proud disposition, ^ j^ 
kin sing ; proud {i.p., 
gangrenous) flesh, J^ |^ 
ue yuuk. 

Prove, gj£ ^f ching -sbat, 
(verify) i|^ 1^ cAiVzy-ini . 

Proverb. 'fS, g^ tauuk-* ue, 
J^ ^ 8bing-*\ie, g § 
daim-m\ every one knowa 
that his patience is pro- 
verbial, A A W ftl IE 

yan /i:fla» t7<i '"k'ue hai tsui' 
nang //an he' yan ; death 
is proverbially uncertain, 

^ ^ '"''''"^ tsuuk 'ue 
wan yan sze mo ting^ k'i. 
Provide, IJ Z'n;., 0^f ue^ 
pi', (against) ^ [jjf t'ai- 
fong ; to provide against, 

[5^ fft fo"g pi^ *^o provide 
against famine, [^^"^ fong 
Jci ; to provide before-hand, 
19 



^15^ ue' fong ; to provide 
with, Yifc Inning ; to provide 
with food, ^ H^ kuimg 
ehin'; a shop that provides 
entertainments, ^ ^^ ^ 
jt)ara< paan' ^ort». 
Providence, 'fj;^^^^ A''- 

t'xn ming', ^^ffc^ tso' 
/«' chiie ; Divine providence 
watched over him, /ftT JJjft 

::ft ® 'te fS Van Shan 
lik /w yau' k'ue. 

Providential, 5^'^^ t'i^^- 
f/iue'-ting'. 

Province, ^ shaang; native 
province, 2jSC -Tg ^w^^^ 
shaang; China is divided 
into 18 Provinces, pb ^ 
^-j-'y^^'* chuung ktcok^ 
fun shap i^ara/' shaang ; 
province, in sense of 
authority, "1^ ^ k'uen 
hang, 7[i fj)^ ^]won fun"*; 
it is not within the province 
of this court to issue a 
'rarrant, Jlfcfgjpg^fi 






ts'-ze nga moon 



PRO 



278 



PRU 



mo k'uen ch'-nut yi?(^ it 
is quite outside my province 
to do this, B/^ f^ ^ Pg 



sze 'm yup ngoh poon 
fun' tso\ 
Provincial, ^ -^ shaang 



shing ; 



Provincial authori- 
ties, ^ ^ sluicmg hi/v'; 
Lieutenant CTorernor or 
Provincial Treasurer, ^ 

sze, or ^^ a] f^^^ *^^ ; 
Provincial Judge, ^ ■§] 
nip S2:<? ; the two chief com- 
missioners of the Provincial 
Government, fi3;J^^o] 
faau nip leung sze ; the 
Provincial Government, '^ 

'^ a\ iM* ^iifi^!^ foo sze to . 
Tfli» •-'4 je. ' J 

Provisions, ?{§!^ leung- fs^o, 
pj 5^ //fn^-leung ; drj 
provisions, ^^ t^ hohn 
leung ; white provisions, i.e., 
rice, Q ^ paak leung ; 
to provision a ship, ■^ 

^ 'tk 'M ^""""^ ^^"®^ 

y<?7i shik ; the provisions of 



a treaty, ^ ^^ t'iu ijeuJc ;. 
the provisions of this 
Ordinance, itWZ/£ 
1^ ts^ze lai'' //;« teng'' /oon, 

Z;*?/; foon. 
Proviso, 1^ ft 2: i^ ^ 

yew/i;'* noi^ ke^ t'iu /oow. 
Provoke, ^ 'ye, ^ /^»/i^ ; 

to provoke rebellion, 

J)l^ Idle faan. 
Prow, ^ ^§ shuen t'au. 
Prowl, m ^ ch^uiit-^je,. 

^ ^ ^ ^ ^''"' c/^WJ^^Z^r 

yuuk Vs'we, ^ ^ ;^ © 
tsau tinmy tsau sai. 
Proxy, f^ ^ toi^'li, f^ 

^ toi^ paan\ 
Prudence, -^ ^^ f7w''-vvai'. 
Prudent, ^ J§, ^ ooi-S2e- 

leung, -fffy^ 'ho-'ta- 

suetv'. 
Prune, (to) ^"^j^;^ ^shaang- 

chi-i]). 
Prunes, :^^ -^ mooi- ^S05, 

(dried) ^^ ::|^^ Min-*mooi, 
Pruusia, 'f^ ^ -^^ -hvok^. 



PUB 



279 



PUD 



Prussian-blue, 7:^ ^ yeun 



till'. 



^U, fS W. i^'o'l^i-f^^ft^^ to 
pry into. ^l]^!§ ta^zi thiatn'. 
Psalms, ^ g^ shing^-shi. 
Psalmody, llH'p^^j^ 

ch'ewig^ shing shi k^ faat\ 

Psalter, ^ ff 2lS «^"V 

Psoriasis, ^ "^ ZroA;^-lau\ 
Puberty, (female j ^-^ ^»«- 
/:?<'«t\ (infcle) 5^^ shing- 
t'uung, (vuLG.)l^-^ /««;;'- 

Public, ^ Iciiung, (the) "f^ 
^j[^ 7)^////; -sing^ ; public 
granary, ^ ^ i' ts'ong ; 
public debt, ^ '^ /at-fjZ; 
chaav'\ public expenditure, 
y^ ^ kuung fai' ; public 
office, ^ p^ nga moon ; 
public business, ^ ^^ 
killing sze'; public opinion, 
$^v^ r/^;a</?// i; public 
school, ^ ^^ i' hole ; 
public garden, ^^^ 

^ Z ^ Wi ^"""^ 

fhuung' yau lok A:e /a uen ; 



P.W.D. X ^ a1 ^'^"'1/7 
mo 5:-^' ; public duiies, ^ 

/'a «/io/i paan' /re sze ; 
public use, ^ Jj| f?<2m^ 
yuung'. 

Publican, mmjs±A 

hoi tsau tim^ ^chiie yan. 
Publication, 0] ^ ^ ^ 

yan sAwe Ac sze . 
Public spirit, ^ i^ huung- 

swwj, gg ^ 1 -fa . 
Publish, (books, &c.) [{j K 

<*A'«w/-maai ; to publish 

the list of successful Siii- 

ts^ai graduates, [fj ^[ 

ch'uut huen. 
Pucker, ,^ ^^ tsau -maai, 

(the mouth) ttj :^ P 

m«»-maai- hau. 
Pudding, |@ ^ min'-shik. 
Puddle, iron, >)^^ ch^aau- 

Pit , (make muddy) ^ ^ 

«;aaw-chuuk, (water tight) 

M ^ iffi IS 'c/it/j^-nai- 

paan - tai. 



PUL 



280 



PUL 



Puff, (a) — ^ yat-dmxn; a 
puff of smoke, — ^ |^ 
yat cliura in ; a puff of 
-wind, — : |]^ ^ yat chan 
fuun^ ; a puff of breath, 
pf ^^ ^(^t< /'» ; to pnff, 

Puffed u}i, ^^ tRze - moon. 
Puisne Judge, ^l]^^ foo - 

Pule, 1^ 1^ wa-wa. 

Pull, (to) (a bell or a punkah) 
^ wa;i/, (a ricksha) jj^ 
laai, :^t '^^^''^» (down) ;^ 
cA'«ai'; to pull off, JJ^ 
«J«7?^ Zm^ ; to pull out, ^^ 
-^ »2w?/7 ch'enng ; to pull 
tight, ^^.^«".'7 l^'^in ; 
to pull apart, J^ [^ 
wrt??5' sAoA ; to pull the 
punkah, ^^^ inang" 
fuunq shin \ to pull up, :||t 
;^ c7i'^ ^i ; pull up your 

shoes, ^ m!3 ^ P^*' ^* 
haai; won't jiull out a hair, 
i.e., won't spend anything, 

— % ^ ft y^^ ^^ v^^ 

pat ; to pull down a house. 



^cfi ^ ch^aak^ iiuJc ; to pull 
to pieces, ^^ ^^ ch^aak 
saai \ how shall we pull it 
to pieces, i.e., how shall we 
tret out of the difficulty? 

^ -b* ti^ ft Vau mat 

ch^aalc' fcutt . 
Pullet, »B -f+- liai ts(d, Ttai 

hong. 
P""ey, jf.$ g luut-?()^, f^ 

ffi^ Unit *loh : pulley block. 

Pulp, ^ iiong ; the pulp of 
fruits, ^ 1^ /nro/i yuuk. 

Pulpit, ^a^l^ kong-shue- 
t'oi. 

Pulse, (lentils) g *tau\ (the) 
)j)j^ mak ; the pulse in the 
wrist, J^ P^ mak moon ; 
to feel the pulse, ^ J||j| 
/<on mak, 4iJJP^ jj)a mak, 
B$ JK ^t'(ii mak ; to hit 
a pulse, {i.e., a vital spot) 
1^ JP^ ""^»Vh mak ; the 
geomantic pulse, sub- 
terranean water courses, 

Pulverize, J^ ^ ^fiin-sut . 



PUN 



281 



PUN" 



Pumice, y^ ^ fau-shek. 
Puininelo. ]^ ^ poh-luuk, 

/o/i-*yiiii. 
Pump, J^ |g] sho/c' -t'imng, 

JM tK fil? ^^'"^^i' '«^'"» ^''' 
IS ;^ ^ ('oh-'shui-fum, 
(to) ^;^ 6//o/;:\ if-Y ^ '^ 

'shiu, tt tK ± ^ '^^^'^ 
S/^«i slieuiig'' lai. 
Pumpkin, ^ j[lX tunng-kwa, 

(flat, yellow), g: J[IJ, >/n 

hva. 
Pun, "(2 ^ !5^ ^ sheung- 

hvaan- is'-iie-siu . 
Punch, (a) ^^^^ tit'-chong\ 

^^9|^^/r«i- ngaan-*tsok. 
Panctilious, ^^JJ chup-sat . 
Punctual, jj^ ^ t-k'i, ^:|c 

IE ^ » '^^"''Z k'i, -^ JE 

1^ hop c/i//?^ shi. 
Punctuate, ^|^§|\ "^/nn-Vuen, 

Mfi ^ tim shue. 
Puncture, ^-|- r/^ww. 
Pungent, ^ laat; pungent 



lioi ke 



ne 



remarks, /[^Ij g ;$: ^ 



pungent 
taste, ^ ^i|^ mi laat ; 
red pepper, ^^|y^ laat tsui. 



Punish. -^ fat, '^^yJuiak - 
fat ; to punish severely, 

"T*^!^"^ ha laat shau; 
to puriibii with a whip, 

IS S ^'»'» ^'^'^^'' IS § 
^wi ch'i, ^ ^^ jnii pool ; 

to punish with decapitation, 

jE S <'^"'''i7 f^'^ii^- 
Punishment, ^|j |"^ ying-fat ; 

the five punishments, £, 

^J *^ng ying ; Board of 

Punishments, ^ ^ ying 

po ; light punishment, "^ 

J^l joon ying ; punishment 

of whipping through the 

streeti, ^ ^J van ying ; 

punishment by branding 

and mutilation, |^ ^j 

yuuk ying ; subject one to 

punishment by torture, Jfjp 

JBJ ^^c^ ying, fj JfjJ hang 

Punkah, S[ ^ fuung-shin ; 
call the coolie to pull the 

punkah, r4^;£S^ 



PUR 



282 



PUR 



^ kiu koon tini mang 
fining shin ; to pnt up a 

punkah, Ji jS M jH 
fong ho fining shin ; to 
take down a punkab, ^^ 

^ & M ^^'"® ^'^^' 

filling ■'ihin . 

Punj, ^ ^Y'Ul "*"^^^ ' 
A\ saP sin. 

Pup, ^(tj ff hau-^tsai. 

Pupil, (of the eye) 0|| 
t'nung-*yan, (scholar) 
Z}i mooii-shaang, ^ Z^ 
hok-.<;A(7«;?^. 

Puppet show, JlJ^ff ^ Varai- 
V^rrtVit', TK ^ ff ^ 
muuk Icinmg ^tmi JiC. 

Purblind, g^ ^ Sgaan- 
muung, ^ "^ jioon 



A 



maang. 



? tsHng-Ut ; pure 



Purchase, ^ *^mna,i ; purchase 
monev, 

Pure, ^^ 

silver, JgJ ^g tseng^ ngan ; 
pure wine, ^ y^ /s'm^ 
^^saz^ ; pure water, ^ ^ 
fo'w?(5i' ^shui ; pure love, ^jf 
t^^^K chan sum oi^ yan; 



pure and simple, ^ ^ 

IS ^^'''^ ^^ ^^^*'' IE IF. 
'^ rJmnf ching^ hai\ -\* 

H •^ Bhap /s?<?^A; hai\ 

Purgative, ^ ^^ 5C -yeuk ; 

a mild purgative, ^ ^ 

^S /a'n^ se^ yeuk ; to reduce 

fever by a purgative, ^. 

*^ se^ \foh. 

Purgatory, 'J^ ^|j{ lin^-yuuk. 

P"^''f^ ]?^ fiS '*^^'» tik, ^ 
Jf /r,^^-tsiug^ ^^^ ^ 

''ching - kolin - tseng ; this 

medicine will purify the 

blood, p;g [fii ^ 14 m 

nang /s'my 7ii'/ei'\ 
Purple, ^~^% p'o-t'o- 

Purpose, ^ ^ V/; 



*'_!!-; 



^ laa 



nve-i 



.5 



u<« 



aap I , 



ii»» 



tak » ; I come here on 

purpose, fl^— iD5fcB8 

^ Sigoh ya? sum loi ??t 
aA?/(fl ; for the purpose of, 

purpose, % -^^ wai' 
mai ^00 ; purposeless, j\j^ 



PUR 



283 



rUR 



^|oJ sum pat heiing ; for 
the purpose of amusinir him- 

'^ tak *^i luk tszo' '^ki ho^ sum. 
Purposely, ^ ^ tak-tony, 

Purse, ^ 'Q^ hoh-;^ff'7M, ^ 

iiffan toi ; purse-proud, y^ 
^ ^ ^ Siioou -sAa/i 
t'uuni: rhUui : a well-lined 
purse, ^ ^ Ug It ^ob 



^;art?^ om^ '^nuni. 



Purser, ^ ± g ^ A 
shuen shoung''-*^5(»-tsze -van. 

Purslane, ^ j^ ^ cAi/e- 
^tsai-ts'oi^, ,B| -^ "^ ^ma 
'chHiu\ :^lif^'''ip'aai 

'^'''{^ fS m! ^ '-"'^ ^^' 

^s*o» , "M* ^ in fs^oi . 
Pursuance, jjp j!^ chiu^ i, ^ 
^^ o/i/i' chiu : in pursuance 
of,&c.&c.,^^S?,^^ 
ohti' • f Aiu' mau man ; in 
pursuance of order Xo. 5, 
in^the circular, fl^^ ^^ |g 

<:heHng tai ng foon. 



Pursuant to, = in pursuance 
of ; pursuant to Bvo-law 

"— . ^^ ohil' chili' siu lai* 
kt tai^ i' fsit'; pursuant to 
the King's order, f^ ^ 
■^ chin^ wong ming\ 
Pursue, ig ^ chui-'^kohn, 
^ chunk ; to pursue a 
study step by step, ^ A/* 
^ ^ chunk shiu tsuwi^ 
po^; to pursue one's avoca- 
tion, ^7 2Ji ^ ^ hang 
^700/? fun sze ; to pursue 
and overtake, ^ ^j cAw» 
i'o ; pursued hira unauccess- 
Mh, jg^ii\^ chui 'm 

sheuncr ^<'>k ; hurrv him 

back, ^IgSJl® '^'''* 
'^k'ue faan lai ; to pursue 
and capture, ^^ ^ chui 
na, ^g^ ^ <;/iUi wok. 
Pursuit, ^^ sze ip; in a 
new pursuit, $^^^^ san 
sze^ ip ; in the pursuit of 
riches, ^^ ^^ k'au ts'oi ; 
follow mercantile pursuits, 
j^ ^ i^ tso foh mat. 



PUS 



284 



PUT 



Purvey, fj^j^X^ paan^Vo/i- 



shik. 



Pus, Jgniumg, )^y^ nunng 

shii, 1^ ^1^ ue nuung ; 

a discharge of pus from the 

ngaan chimng lau nunng 
slnii. 
Push, :^ p}ix, ^ uwig, 
(along, as a row of types, 
&c.) ^ Vmv'-^ to push for- 
ward, 1^^ ^\\ Piii ts'in ; I 
gave him a push, ^ H^ 
jg — l^ Sgoh tiii ^k'ue 
yat Pui; to push against, 
^^^ Piii cheuk ; to push 
open the door, :li^ H f ^ 
t'vi hoi moon ; to push 
down or push over, :|j^ -^J 
t'lii to ; to push away, i^ 
■^ Ptii hue^; to push aside, 
-ji^P^ t^iii^ioi; at the last 
push, /^^ kek sze , S. 
j^ sze A-2/7^- the army 
pushed on, ^±ln\^ 
ij|[ ^ 2^^^'ff sze' heung^ 
ts'in chek /s!/w» ; push him, 
^•^tS ?^i^;2^chQe' k'ue; 



push off a bit, ^f p{j 

uung hoi ti; push on, ^^ 

^ wwn^ /iwe''; give a push, 

IS t# ^'"* ^iding. 
Pusillanimous, j\^^ *|^ sum- 

hip , 
Pustule, /J> J|^ siu-ch'-ong. 

^ ^ chai-\ok, (on) ^ 
cheuk, :^ oA« , ^ oAn, 
(in) Jfl c7i'««y, ^ yup, 
(out) lij f/i'«M/, (past) i\^ 
j^ s/^rt^^maai, (away) ^ 
ch'ue, (off) :fg? ^'m, ^ 
fi/f^; put to one side, ^ 

■^ — '^^ ^^" ''^^^ '-^^'^ ^"^ ' 
to put down, "j^ ~[^ fang 

ha'', ^ "JC cAt'' ha , (as a 

note or record) ^g2 ia^ig 

Id ; to put forth energy, Hj 

^ ch^unt lik ; to put into 

practice, ^ yuung\ ^ 

^^^"8'» 115 5^«»; to put a 
stop to, _[£- chi; to put by, 
^W oA;f cA/ ; to put him 
in mind, :^ |i fH ^'ai 
sing ^k'ue ; to put to death, 
shaat' ; to put on clothes. 



PUT 



285 



QUA 



^* ^ ^^ rhcuk i fiuik ; 

to put in, Jj; A A^V yup; 

to put more to, jljj] ^ /ra 
/oA : to put on a cap, ^^ 
l[<g /^a» mo ; to put out a 
fire, 5^ i/^ Afl?f^ y^/i; to 
put out a lamp, ®J§^ s»/f 
/rm(7; to put oft" till to- 
morrow, ^^J ti^ g t'eng 
to meng yat ; to put out to 
sea, [_[j 7^ c/i*/^?<f yeuDg ; 
to put up with, ^ y«/? ; 
to put one to trouble, ^ 
^ naan wai ; to put to 
flight, ^ ^ '^kohn '^tsait ; 
to put to my account, 7^ 

ffe^ 8i ft y"P 'ngoli s/^o' 
noi ; to put before, f^ -^ 
meng aV, ^^ /ro' c/ii; 
to put down in writing, \}j^ 

meng c/ii sheuug ; he pat 
off his Jong coat, jgflg^ 
ff ft %J 'k'ue t'Kct' hue' 
kin ch'eung shaam ; to put 
on another, 1^ f^ t'ui 

Putchuk, 7|C^ muuk-Ztew??^. 



Putrid, jgf'^UJ fooMaan'; 
j^ c/ruK laan . 

I'utty, if^yftil^ t'uung-yau- 
fooi. 

Puzzle, (a)||(^:;>;i^naan- 
'/coo-chi-inia, |||f^PH^ 
naan-Vwo-A'e -^ye, (a toy) 

Pyg'^y, ^ fg ff '^^"^^- 

Pylorus, ^f^ t/rt?<-moon. 
Pyramid, ^^/J^ taim-fong- 
ying, :^^^ /r?/;//-tsze'- 

/w i tsim ^» shek p'aai. 

Q 

Quack, (a) 1^ ^ ^ ^ 

chong —paau— sin — slicing, 
chong -paau-semig, ^ ^ 
yuung » ; quack doctors kill 

people, ^S^A y^^^S 

i shaat' yan. 
Quack, (to), P^PP aap' aap\ 
Quadrangular, ^^ ^ 3ze^- 

Quadrant, (or sextant) jg ^ 
/^ leung-i'»«-cA'eife . 



QUA 



286 



QUA 



Quadrilateral, ^3 gj -g* ^p 

D^ s^e min kaai p'ing ti. 

Qnadrnped.^sji; tsatc-shaic' , 

Quadruple, [/g g fl6?| ^-^ 
^p'ooi ft. 

Quaff, ^ '^yum. 

Quail, (a) $|||| om-chhiun ; 
a huge flock of quail, -^ 
^ ^^ f,^ taai' k'wan <?m 
ch'uufi ; a fighting quail, 
(i.e., caged) ^ ^.|| luung 

Quail, (to) -^ ^ shat-chi. 
Quaint, -^ »^ ^koo-lcicaa^. 
Quake, ^ ^ c/i^n -tuung'; 
earth -quake, j;-|jj ^ ti^ 

Qualified, (able) g^ nang; 
in a qualified sense, ^]^ 
^hoh i ; qualified for office, 
"p]* j^ -^ '^hoh S eze ; to 
qualify one's self, ^ ^1 
^ ^-^ hok fo nang /sf?/*; . 

Quality, ^ Vanv/, |JJ, ^pun, 
^ g^ Jceuk'-shik, (of 
things) g «/^i7-, J[4 ;fg. 
sing^ -Icaa'k' ; the first quality, 



J c. 



J^,^^ sheung tang; goods 
of the second quality, pj(^ 
^ ^ fs'2e' 'fa»77 /bA'; 
goods of inferior quality, 

T ^ ;K ^^^' 't(^ngfoh'; 
the quality of an article, 

Qualm of conscience,^j\]^fi 
^ leung-sj^m-tsze ■chaalc'. 

Quantity, ^ ■^ s^o -leung'', 
(what?) ^ /}^ toh-'^sMu 
a small quantity, /J;' .sA»« 
a large quantity, ^ f'oA 
a fixed quantity, pH" 
/co??i foh ; produces large 
quantities of raw silk, ^& 

iT ^ 4 g^ '^^^'««" '^^ 

Quarantine, ^\t^JL^»^ 

^ ^ /n<w chi shuen 
eheung yan to;?^ ngohn''; 
this vessel is subject to the 
restrictions of quarantine, 

ni chek shuen kurn in Jcaam 
Icunv'; quarantined in Hong 
Kong,:^§^|{5^tsoi' 
Heung Kong pi^ kum . 



^ 



QUA 



287 



QUE 



Quarrel, ^ r/iamiq, ^ ^ 
naau '/ca((u, R^ ^ a^a' - 
Z'flrt?< ; what is the quarrel 
about, ^ -l^ 1^ channg 
mat ^je, a (innrrel about a 
trifle, "^^If^ channg li 
ho ; what's the row about, 

WM'llK' "^'*' '""^ Ve ; ten 
to one it's a quarrel about 

money, + P§ ;fL ^ Ig 

shap aai kaxi chaang ngau; 

have no intention of quar- 

rellincr with you, ^ ^ 

p ± M ^■"'' '"i "^« 

Quarry, ^ ^ [Xj /s'^/^-sbek- 
shaan, ^ |_|j shek shaan. 
Quart, (a) — • j-p i/at-Jcmi. 

Quarter, (a) [/IJ ^;J;— ^'~'^'- 
fun^ -chi-gaf, — • -^ ijat-lcok , 
(of an hour) — -^J yat-halc, 
(of the year) ^^ Z;/r«i , (of 
the body) jjj chi. 

Quarter, (to lodge) g)^ ^ /n';^- 
5«?//c ; official quarters, ^ 
wg Icuung koon ; head 
quarters, "^^^t'^ ^^'^i 
^.. tszeMau, or ^J S ^ 



1^ tsuung se tsze lau ; to 
seek (juarters, ij^ ^ t'au 
sunk, or ^J^ t'au /<W. 
Quartz, Qj/C^ paak-/o/i- 
sbek, ^ 3^ shek-t/ing. 

Quash, :lg:^'gl /««»•-%, ;^^ 

j/oic^-imt. 
Quassia, Q ^ paak-mnuk. 
Qway, Tf^ gg Sna t'au, J^ 

lok fuh he ma t'au, J^ 
^i^ //(7» p'ong lo\ 

Queen, ^ J^ wong-hau ; 
Queen Heaven, (coddess of 
sea-faring folk) ^^ t'iti 
han' . 

Queer, ^'['J k'i Jcwaai', ^ 
Mc. lak-tak ; queer-shaped 

fields, -i-g^;^Q3^ 

koo kwaai' ying ke^ t'in ti . 

Quell, ^ mit. 

Quench, ^ mit. J^^E ^^"'- 
sti% (thirst) f^ kaai; to 
quench thirst, _[_[^ >^^ rAi 
Ao;"^; to quench a fire, ^|^ 
*^ mit ^foh. 

Query, ^ ^ mun wa . 

Quest, ^ ts'um. 



QUI 



288 



QUI 



Question, f^ mun\ (a) 
fg mun'-wa\ (doubt) J^ 
5^ sze-i; the point in 
question, fifri^ Z^ 
shoh luan^ ke sze^; the 
main question, ^ ^ iu^ 
sze'; question and answer, 
59 -^ mun^ taap'; out of 
the question, ^lE^^nfl^ 
moyuung^ ^X;o;?/; ^i; question 

^^'™' M3®fS mun' /r/^^A' 
'k'ue. 

Quibble, gg,\^Pg|^p.oon- 
Ican-mnn'-'tai, gg|| /;'iY^- 
naan, ^^^ chacmg-'m- 



ue. 



/rtai 



Quick, ^^/«ra\ i^i^/. 
/aa»', (sharp) ^ ^ij ma- 
il', (clever) fA ^j ijj^g.ji^^ 
(lively) Jg g| oot-p'oot' ; 
quicker, ^|^ O^j /^at' ti ; 
the quicker the better, ^ 
'R^ii? uet/«r«'^ net V^o; 
come^quicklj, ^^ (^ 
Art! xna lai. 

Quicken, (in the womb) J^ 
^f ^'o»-tuung\ 

Quicklime, ^ ^ s/mn^ /oo». 



Quicksand, '^-y? i^xx-sha. 
Quicksilver, ^ || 'a/ii^-. 

ngan. 
Quiet, ^ilfi oAn-tsing\ (be) 

j# pj^ tsmg -*fc8mg ; be 

quiet, pgjjpffi'm'/wt'ao; 
a quiet lake, ^ Jj^jJ p'eng 
00; quiet retirement, ^ 
^ haan >^'//«; extremely 
quiet, i^ ^J J :^ 1^ 

tseng^ to" \m pat talc-, 
quietly nursing one's self, 
% ^ tseng^ je^ng; the 
quiet of the night, '^ j^^ 



ye' t8ing\ 

Quietness, Zp ^ p'ing-oAw. 

Q^^il^ Ki^^ ngoh-mo-jt?a?'. 

Quilt, ;|§|5jmin-Vi,|S^ 
min-^o». 

Quilted-coat,;):j|^j^ min-naap. 

Quince, -;^ J^ muuk-7«^a, 

1^ W ^ maan shau' 
kivoh. 
Quinine, -^mj^H Awm- 

lcai-n^Q.^-seung. 
Quinquennial, 3£ r^ — ■ >^ 

"^ng nin i/at ts'ze . 



QUI 



289 



QUI 



Quinsy, ^ g| 0^ shaani/- 
Dgoh-bau, P^ rg| J/J hau 
luung fUmn>/\ gj p^ ^ 
ngoh hau peng\ 

Quintessence. ^ Z*''"/'/, ^ 
2SSS^^ mat ///sia' 
tsing sluir ; tho quintessence 

of a book, -^;2S§ 

$hi(e ke in leuk. 

Quire, 7J /., (a) —J}^ 

yat-io-'^cM. 
Quirk, ;^ ^ '^nav-'*i:ai. 
Quisqualis, ^ § -^^ 32^'- 

hnin- tsze. 
Quit, g{| ^ \[-liue\ (-hold) 

Juf-'^shriu, ^J|j hang sze'; 
^^ ^ paan^-sAt/^ ; quit 
yourselves like men, f^^ 

^'j ^ ni 5;/i ue taai^ 
cheung"' foo yat yeung^ 
^juung-?/e hang sze^; to quit 
Hongkong for ever, ^ 9l] 
3^ f^ ^^^% pit Heung 
'^Koiig ; I am quitting your 
service, ig S ^ * f5^ 



^211 '^go^' "^' ch'ue hue 
ni hi' kuiaig; to quit the 
world, ^ -^ hiii shai^; 
jou muHt quit hia society, 

pit iii^ ue k'ue tueu^ Icaau ; 
I shall quit mv house, ^^ 

ngoh iseung yau ngoh /re'' 
im/i; ts^in hue ; to be quit of 
a business, ^{^ ^ ^ :g 
fiii lat shang i . 
Quits, i^^ ku'un p'ing, 2K 
Jg p'ing 7aroA\ =(i ^' 
woh ho ; let us both shake 
hands and cry quits, ^^ 

5a ts lit ^ » ^^«''i^ 

ngoh leung Jcoh^ yan c/2« 
5Arn^ taai' ka p'ing Z:?<'o/i 
^^;t ^is^ze woh /^o. 
Quite, -|- ^ 8hap-/"i 

•fit s^'^vi — 

uen, (not quite) ^ fl^ 
chaaug-ti', quite right xft" 
^i]^ mo ^5'oA ; quite wrong, 

taai /sWi ; quite enough 



7C 



QUI 



290 



EAB 



Jg ^ isuuk yuuug', 'H 
^^ tsuau Jcau ; there is 
quite a large number of 
students, ^^ j^- ^^ ^ 
yau sliara toh hok shaang ; 
you are quite right, f^fi^ 
*^ ^li kek hop. 
Quittance, j|^ ^ »Arn^ ^«fl!n. 

Q^^^e^-' 15 ^ ^ ^ ^^*V 

cA'i /i'e' toi'; (to; ^ rAr^n ; 
hia lip quivered, j^p/^ 
^S *^k*ue hau shuuu chaii \ 
made the beams of the roof 



quiver 

ling t«^A'leuugc//c</i^ tuuug^ 

Qui vive ! -^ -{lift ^^^^ '""'^ 
shui;g;^-jgl}t^jgpn/r,7A' 

hai shue ; he is now on the 

qui rive, "f^^^^^ 

jjfr "^k'ue iu' sin Bze ue^ 

foug. 

Q"'^' ISIS «^'»'-^'««"'', P^ 
^ ckaau-siu , ^ P -^ 

/a" 



fuung ; come, I won't stand 
this, i.e., you're quizzing me, 

'ngoh. 



Quod, (j>., goal) ^^ /:««??* 

yuuk. 
Quondam, ^^ J5||j sw ts'in, 

^ 11$ wong shi. 
Quorum, ^=^ tih poon , ^ 

^ taai poon , ^ pj* 



^f tsuuk Jioli li sze , ^^ 



ting ."!/<o 



Quotation, ^f[^\'^^ ^shoh 
yan 7r/ /r?/e', fl^ j|| shi ^•a\ 

Quote, to ^1 yan, ^^J^^'t 
lit, ^J J)|l "^yan shuut ; to 
quote a passage, HI ^ 
yan /c?<e ; to quote from the 
laws, ^1 :^^ Van luut 
lai"*; to (|uote from the 
classics, HI j^ yan king. 

R 

Rabbet, (to) y\^ ji^jj yup- lau. 
Rabbit, Q ^ paak-^'o _^ 



ha 



■^ 2"o As-2e, or 

to ; our man in the moon, 

fiij ^ **''^ ^'^^ or i M 

yuuk ^'0 . 
Rabble, ~fC'^ ha^-lau, — -^ 
jp^ ^ y^'^ k'wan ue mun. 



RAG 



291 



RAF 



Rabid, ^ k'wong, 7] Hu ; 
that dog is in a rabid state, 

kaufaat' tin ; he acts like 
a rabid dog, M^^^MlW 
tin kail /com *yeuiig ; rabid 
writings, 7] ^ tiu^mt. 

Race, (familj) ^ lni\ ^ 
chuung^ (to) ^ 2)^aau ; 
the black race, ^ ^ /2«/f 
chilling ; a mixed race, ^ 
jf^ tsaap chining; the hu- 
man race, ^ ^ yan lui ; 
a race of giants, — ^^ 
j^ gat chniing ging huung; 
when do the races come off? 
^B#^.^ Vashi Vrt«M 
ma ; this year's race 
meeting, ^^^^J^:^ 
kum nm p'aau ma ke 
ooi ; race-course, ^ ^ 
;^ /j'rtf«< ma ti ; to run a 
(foot-)race, p^ ^ ^diit^ /srt2<. 

Rack, (engine) ^|J _^ ying- 
kue', (frame) ^ ^y?; a 
towel rack. If fll ^ min' 
kan ka*; to rack the value, 



paai' ko ; to rack a criminal, 

ffl ?fi] S ^IL A y"»"g' 

ying /-?J/i; faan yan. 

Racking, ^ ^ [foo- ch'oh. 

Radiate, ;|;| she', ^ ^ 
kicoag-shii', ^^•t it-she\ 

Radicals, (characters) ^ ^ 
tsze po^ (roots) J^ kan ; 
under wliat radical is the 
character ^ ? ,S ^ B 
-ll-qj) sze tsze' shuuk mat 
po"*; a radical change, Rj^ 

^ 'Ci* i^ *^''*-^'' °^^' *^"^ 
ch'eung; radically. done away 

with, ^ ^ ch'ue tsuun\ 
Radish, fjX ^ ^ huung- 

loh-paak. 
Radius, ^g ^ fiiuk-sin , ^ 

within a radius of 50 miles 
from Shanghai, ^ _|^ J^ 

sheung"* /^ot ng shap li 
chi noi\ 
Raffle, ^ "l^ ngo-s;ij^. 



RAI 



292 



RAI 



Raft, Idfe *p'ftai ; a bamboo 

raft, Y( J^i c^^'^^'^^^^ *P'a^^ ■' 

a timber raft, yij^ :^^ 

muuk *p'aai. 
Rafter, ^ Iwlc, ;|vfj i^ 

haang-ZroA''', ^ ^;^ unlc 

haaug. 
I^ag, ^ ^ laau'-po^ my 

clothes are in rags, ^|^ ^ 

^ ^ 'iH ^°o^^ * *^'""^ 
SH»^ laan^; boiled to rags, 



tifun laaii . 



Ragamuffin, ^ ^ j^ /o7i- 
loh- tsai. 

Rage, <g; ^ 'fun-no' ; he's 
in a towering rage, "f^"^ 
^ k'ue taai no"* ; a 
furious rage, ^^ shing' 
no ; the rage of fashion, 
B$ ^ Shi 'foon. 

Ragged, ^^ |^ laam-lue . 

Rag-man, ^ ^ fli oon'- 
laan -po . 

Rail, (to) ^ ^ li'-ma', (a 
bird) ^ ^^ chiiiih-kai ; 
to rail incessantly, ^ ^^ 
^ PJ ma'' jv/i' tsuet hau ; 



to rail at superiors, gjlj Jj^. 

shamr' sheung''; to rail at 

one another, jj^^ ^ seung 

ma . 
Railing, j^ ^ff lasin-Jiohn. 
Railway, ^ ^ /'iY'-lo\ ^ 

JfL ^ >/i-c/i'6-lo'. 
Rain, ^ 'ue, (to) ^ pg 

lok-'ue, (-water) ^ ;^ 
ne- sA?// ; a light rain- . 

shower, ^ ^ p^ /r^'/'c^A'' 

wan ue ; an April shower, 

a drizzling rain, ®^^ 

c . . 

mi sze ue ; it ih raming, 
'W W ^ yau 'ue lok ; 
wet by the falling rain, 

# PB ^ Wa >» '"^ ^'^p 

shiqj ; heavy rain, ^ p^ 
taai^ ue ; excessive rain, 
■^ ^ ^"^" "6 : a slight 
fallof rain, — [$^g5;pg 
ijat chan^ mi ue ; the rain 
dashed in, j[| Cg^ pg ^ 
y\ 1^ J'OJv' a \\(i jHt^ yup 
lai ; it is raining slightly, 

^ H5 iS: i<^^' '"« ""■ J 



RAI 



l".)3 



RAM 



Muii^ 'lie 



\vh»t a lieavv downjxiur, ' 

Plj- :^ ^ l"k A.r«' i 

tiie rain ceases, '■ 

I 

weatlur, Si' ;3jC ^ ff$ 

^ne ^$fiia /'»;/ slii : the ' 
niinv season, ^;/i;p^^ 
H$ '^ l^"*^ tiiui' Sle ^f' , 
shi buu\ I 

Kuinl)ow, ■^ ^^ t'in-kon(f. 

■ ^X -H^ hiuiii<,'-^A'/^///'//. I 

Ifaise ^ Vij. Jg: ^ ^av/^ 
/*/ : lie niised hifi hand, 

tsning shdu ^/ci/r ko ; he 
raised his voice, jH ^ 
^ j^ IJjj- ^k'ne tsiiim^ 
s/iiiu/ kii kin^: lie raised his 
head, tH Jg: ^ Ig 'l""e 
/-//<» A-(3 fail ; to I'uise the 

price, 5i'iu ■^''""^ ^''^'^^ ^ 
jp' Vit ka^: niv pay was 
railed .M.^|g X ^ ^ ! 

^ ^ jt '"3"'' ''"""i7 
A'/<;» «/auy /o/z sre' uen : to : 



mak ; to raise soldiers, ijij^ 
.& chill /)inf/ ; to raise a 

mi m'//' Ioi : lo raise a 
reljellioi). -("^^[j fstik Inen^ 
to raise the dead, ^ ^ 
1^ ^ /i/ j:^' ooi s/<(//t^ ; 
raisetl tigines, jf^^ tat /h. 

Raisins, ^L ^^ t^l ^ ^■''/"' 

p'o-t'ai- /aiv. 
Rallv. (troops) ^g^^ hop- 



/h(/M-maai, (ridicule) pSj^ 

Rake, (a man) '^^tt'^'f' 
fa-fa-kvunn-'t^ir. ^g:J£^;g 
-^ »n /v long tszi\ (a tt>ol) 

Ram. (a) ^ ^' yeiing- koo, 

# ^ )eung-/-«?/;^y, (to) 

^^ chvnnij. 
Ramble, j^- 'fj yau-luiDg, ^ 

;j(^ /^f<« -K'icaang , i^ liu ; 

ramliHng- thoughts, ^^^^ 



van 



raise cattle, 5 

c 
yeung ngau yeung -, to 

laiae wheat. ^^ c/iuuwf 



teng 


b' /^ a 


rambling 


discourse. ^|^ 


IS: ya" 


shaft 


: to ramble over the 


hills. 


:;i 111 p^ 


I shaan. 



RAN 



294 



RAP 



Rampant, p@ ^ ts'o-tsaap, 

Rampart, ^ ^^ sheng- 
ts'euno-, JJ ^ sheiig- /a. 

Ram-rod, ^ ^ t'ffi niu- 
ts'eung-ch'aap , ^ j^ 

Rancid, ^ ^ srn^ f//Yn<^ 

, (oil) "31 y'* ; a •• fishy " 

reputation, M J^ song 



ivun ; it becomes rancid, 
r//V«u' 3'au sf'//^; rancid oil, 

h' yau. 

IJancour, :^J2. ^ <<e7i^-tuuk ; 
rancorous abuse, ^ ^ 
tuuk ma\ :^ P tuuk 
hau. 

Random. ^ ."^ Pf^ mo »' 
chuung, g[ 'g luen' wai : 
a random guess. ^ |]ij 
luen I'oo ; to talk at 
random, ^ ^ luen 
koiKj ; to ramble at random, 
f L Jg luen' yau. 

Range in rows, — t7^^U 
y(r^/-*hong-hong-lit-/i(a'. 



Rank, (order) ^ j^ Va////- 

^''7'» an V^''^ (merit) T^ 
^ liuiing-mmg, (with) |^ 
^] t'uung-lit : a rank of 

soldiers, — '^T"^ ^^'^ X'Lonp: 
ping ; rank and file, ^"J* 
;)t;;^ /t;i^, ^ J;: ping sze"; 
to rise from the ranks, ^^ 
'ffi.tti^ liong 'ng ch'uut 
slum ; what rank ? 'jqj ijri 
1^ hob '^p\m kUcp ; the 
first rank, — ^ ^^Z ^''^^n ; 
an officer of the 4th rank, 

E3 pp 1^ ^-'^ V"'' ^oon ; 
all ranks of the people, :^ 

/c//?// ti wai Ice jan. 



Rank, (growth) j^ mau , 

(tast e) J^so, ^ 1^. .vem/ w. 

Rankle in the bivast. iVj)'^ 

sum- ktvan. 
I'anaom, ^|'^ shiiuk. 
Rant, :^J 4|^ k'wong-pin\ 
I^aP' tt 7>V/a^', (COL.) ^g- 

^g iK.p-pOp. 

Rape, ^^ ^ k'eung-i:/i;««. 



RAT 



295 



RAT 



Rapid, ^ )J kup-ts'uuk, 
(rapMs) ^1^ I'lKin ; a pilot 
for tht" riqmis, ;f|^]fj ^««'i 

Rapture, jl^ ^ kik-V/j. 
Rare. ^^ Zy. ki-'hohn, ^ 

^ At-kM ; rarely seen, ^ 

Jjl livha kin^ . 
Rarities, ^ ij:^ k'i-niat. 
liascal. ^ fy •laan'-Va.n. 

•ht- -H- ^rt '" ''*"» : a 

slipiiery rascal, j('ij^fi( waat 

Ls'aak. 
Rase, j^^ ^ r/iv/a/f^-p'ing, 

^ ^ ^sva-p'ing. 
Rash, ^ j^ ino'-V/i>/i, ^ 

Rasher, — * ^ tS V^^ pok 
/<w*'; I had soiiK' rasliev? of 
bacon for hreakfast. ^^^\\ 

n^oh "^yau ki fani puk chue 
yiink tso 'hiu fs-axn. 

RaspWrry, ^'g |Q. ^j she- 
' p'o-!ak. 

Rat, ^ _0v^ "^lo-^^Z/i/e: to 
smell a rat, Aa» ^ J^ ^ 
■«/<//( van s/wh i, ^W, ^^ 



5M i ; a bamboo rat, 4*5*.^ 
c/'iuuk t'hue : a water-rat or 



vole, (lit., a sewer rat,) 
^ k'ne^sAwe: the rat fell 
into the scales. »y., self- 
praise, -;g:J(.^^^^^ 
^lo ^slnif f'lf^ lok /"/u p'ing. 

Rat-trap, ^S|j| ^Io-^^j^«- 
•luuQo-. 

Rate. (|:rice) ^ /:rt\ (of 
motion) ^^^ hang-/rtr</ , 
(first-) B^ ^ t'aii ^/»^, 

J§ tip '^'"^' ^''^ ' '^^ ^'*^ 
same rate, — ^^ ijat shik, 

1^ — I^K '-'"""" '/^^ 
yeunii^ first rate, ^S — • 

^ tai^ //^'^ ^<^oij' ; rate per 

the death-rate, ^ ^ ;^ 
^[ yan sze ke^ s/w^-. police 
rates and taxes. ^ "g^ 
rh'aai ^/(t'luig ; to pay a 
higher rate of freight, ^ 
^WtKW kanutokti 
shiuLtdk^: at pro]tortionate 
wholesal.' rates. l]'p -;;^ ||t 



RAT 



296 



RAT 



to be rented at the rate of 
$8 per day, ^ H Jg ja 
^ -^ j^ iiiooi yat ts^ue 
tso saam taai nen ; at any 

mo Inuu ftni yenng fo no. 
Rather, ^^ leuk-*lenk, ^ 
7>'()A, (in preference) J^ pj" 
iiing-V/o//, Jg ^ JiWifZ-'^ho; 
I would rather hve tlian die, 

iigoh ning- uen s^f ni uen 
nhanq • I'd rather not go. 

^ JS Pi- * '''^^^'i' "^»^' 

'm /i7<e'; rather overmuch, 
[Bg. ^ leiik' M ; rather 
long, ^^ V«A '/'««.. ^ 
^ jijWi cli'eiing; rather 
doubt it, M^^ ^p'oh i 
r/ii. 
]Ratify. ^ ^ 7'V/»- r//w/'N. 
3"j£ W c/2i»/7^-shat ; tlie 
present convention shall be 
ratified, ^igjt^^S 

laap j/*^iiA^ chfuiig ch'ing 



hang ; 



tins:^ shat chln^ 



ratify what was done by my 



W ^ ^ngoh toi^ '^li yau 
^holi paau A^' 8ze ^wm 
Sigoh Svun ''havg tsok^ wai 
sliat sze . 
Rational, ^ fg ^ hop- 
ts'ing- li ; man is a rational 

M ^ ;2 ^ 'ti 4 /^^^ 

"^naai yau c/ii shik yau 

sieiDig tsenng^ ke^ tso mat 

*'ya : a rational creature, ^ 

S ^ ^ A '-'''^" '•'^■'^'"^ 

-■ 7 ^ 

tseuiig AT^ yau. 
Rations, ^ ^ leung-shik,. 
(daily) |^ yat-leung : 
to issue rations, j^vij ;^ 
kiraan leung, or ^ ^ 
f(iaf leung ; rations of rice, 
Q 7^ paak leung; to raid 
for rations, t.«.. make a 
foray. *ij 3^ kij? leung; 



army rations, m:fe /'''^^'^ 



I j ■ leung ; to stop rations, 



hmV Ieuii«. 



RAV 



297 



RAZ 



UaLLan, '^ jjg s//(/-t'aiig, 
(shaviiiii-.s) ^ J^^. t'anc^- 
szc; split rattans, M (l|^ 
t'ang fill ; iatt;iii cordage, 

ff ^ ^•''""'^ ''"'"S' : ^^ ! 
tough a. rMan,f§!^^^ ^ 

fang ^(?;/j ngaiu to tie u[) j 

with rattan, ff f^ 'fa 

fang. 

Kattle, ^ ngo, (a drum) 

^A /rr? *l- 7 , c, 

^P ^ Dji 'ii>0-/nm- ho, 
(death- ) :|j't g 'rh^e-hi\ 
^ i S t'aam ^slieiing 
'/fc^n^, or ^ g| faam 
yuung. 
Rattle-snake, {jlpj g ^i/j 

Vi^/m^- mi-she, f^ ^ J^ 
iffe faan' shi t'au she. 
Ravage, ^|g V-'/m; the 
ravages of sniall-pox, ^ 

& ^S tX tail' ^/<i/// shiiig' 
hang. 

Rave, ^ >[^^ s.^;i^'-s;<///, 

^ M ./'<Mr'-n 

(in anger) ^^^ jV.no\ 
Ravelled, g[ luen'. 



igaani^wa\ 



Ravenous, (hungry) gj^ ^Mr 
^ w^oh^-fnk-icniK (trr^iedj) 
•^ ;^ Nvai^shilc. 
''avine, |J[] ^ sh'/an-tok\ 
Ravish, g^ ^ k'eung-tuet, 
(foraO^ilJ k-eun-i-; to ravish 
the heart, ^i]ji tnet sum ; 
to ravisli witli delight, {^ 

S- tft^ fi ''''^'^'' ''''» ii»it 
r/^t kek. 

Raw, ^ .s/^.w//^, /^ Pgj^ 

sluDimj-ke : raw meat, ^ 

(^ »//'/v/;//yunk; raw hidt, 

^^jj -^/'f'^'/'i/ngau p'i; 

raw silk, ^^^ shaang sze; 

preparation of raw fish, 'ffi 

^ ue shaang. 
Ray, (of light) |;j- 3^ she'- 

^/wm/, (a fish) g^ ^ ;;o. 

*«e, ^gy^ p-i-p'a-s//«; 
the sun's rays, Q ^^ [JJ 
Z zft Mt 3'*t she' «-A^««^ 
«^ rcicang In . 
Razor, fljTJ ^v^^^,, |g)]g| 
^ /'ai' t*au to; a razor 
strop, ^J]}^ moh ^<7 p'i; 
a razor hone, ^ TJ ^ 
moh ^0 shek. 



REA 



298 



REA 



Reach, ^ lo\ Jlj ff to- 
taky (with the hand) -^ 
-^J 0- to, (out) 'l^ a/m?; ; 
I can reach it, ^ jj^ ^ 
^J ngoh tak to^-, did not 
reach n luindred, ^JRJ — ^ 
"^ mi^ /a?/?//-: ^/rt^ paak : 
the desired end is reached. 

shoh yuuk hang ke^ sze "^i 
shing kuung -, the goods 
have safely reached their 
destination, fg BB^I ^ Q 

tai fan t'oh /o7ig ; within 
reach of a gun, ^^'ff^\]^ 
'p'-aaii^ ^ta to^ sfn/c : out of 
a man's reach, ^ ^ ^jff 
yK ^^ van Hk shah pat 
k'ap : reach of a river, pj^ 

^^jSsE''^""'? ngohn' 
h-^ uen k'an ; to reach the 
bottom, Jl] J[g to" tai. 
Read, ^ tuuk, (in silence) 
^ ApA/? , ^ ^fl'^; to read 
to another, ^ ^ A tt 
tuuk ue yan t^mg ; to read 
and compare, ^^ g^ /ui 



tuuk ; to read proofs, Rjjr 
^ "^^ot A'fl ; to read prayers, 
^^)^ nim^ king; his note 
reads as follows, fjj^p'f 
k'ue sunn uet ; reading 
the ritual (in mourning) gg 
jjjS tuuk lai ; to read 
silently, i.e., to one's self, 

of the Grand Secretariat, 

kok Bin'' tuuk hok sze^ 
Assistant Reader of the 
(Jrand Secretariat, fe ^ 
"f^l^ noi^ kok^ sh? tuuk ; 
Reader of the Hanlin, A^ 
-f- ehi tuuk hok 






sze ; Bub-reader of the 
Hanlin, ^i|^ shi^ tuuk; 
he reads well, j^f^f^i^ 
Q k'ue tuuk tak meng 
paak. 
Readily, f)] H$ /si/r-shi. ^ 

a"i^i\ 



Readiness, ^^^ ^5»^ ts^uuk, 
^' horr^ sum faai' shaii ; 



REA 



299 



REA 



reudiiiesa of speech, P yj^ Reap, ij^ ||i] skaH-knht^ ; to 

hau ts'oi ; readiness of reap the rice, ||lj ^ Icohl^ 

apprehen.'^iuii,^i]|]/.sv/?//?/jr j woh ; a reaper, ;[^ ^l] ^ 

inoiisr; all are in readiness, i than koht^^lo, c.r ^$\\%^^ 

^ M 1'"<n pi'. 
Ready, j^^ pi\ ^^^ ts'ai 



kohl woh /o. 



.J 



pi . {Jl pin\ (money) Ig 
in^-'ni^an. (made) I,^ 
in -*shing. 
Real, ^ /7ja// ; real estate, 
"p^ ^ sliat ip ; his real 
name, "fg^ig ^k'ue c'lan 
menc;' ; my real motives, 



Rear, (like a horse) ^- ^ 
HU 5^ ngok-A'o-ts'in-L-ai, 
.|^rAoi7, (raise)^^ jeung, 



(pigs) pg ts-c. 



mi, ^;* 



Keality, |^ shat, g|{ c/^rt/? 
shat; in reality, ^|5E shat 
tsoi^; a name without reality, 

^^UXt Vau nieng 
mo shat. 

j^ /;'o/(' -shat, 

@ /Jc/zy hcok\ ^[5 ^ 

Ream, — ,^$|5 ./,rr/ Vf'/rim 



Rear, (the) i 

han -pin''; in the rear, 
^ liau^ mill , or i^ 
lian^ t'aii ; tlie rear of the 
army, W ^ A'^rr?// hau'; 
to follow in the rear, ^ 
^ AY/H hau ; to attack the 
rear, ;g§^ ^ kuung hau\ 
Rear-admiral, ^ ^ ^< ^fjj 

^'M' *^«'^i f'^i^il 5^"<* *^^ 

t'ai n<M^. 
Rear-guard, ^^ ^ liau' 

wai' ;/»/'^. 
Reason, ^g| to'-% fg J^ 

ts'ing-'li, (a) lif ^ nen- 

Reasoning, ^ |0 *^li-luun , 
pin'-luua . 



REB 



300 



llEC 



Pteasonable, ^ jM] ^ *^yau- 
to'-'li, ;^Jl 'vau-^'li. ^ 
^ liop-'li. 

]?eas8ure, ^± gg. ^hong^- 



faam. 



Rebate, (a groove) ~^ 

yup- lau. 
Rebel, (to) \^^ tsok'-'faaH. 
Rebels, ^|f^ yik-ts'aak, >f^ 

iX^ :^ ^s'^/r' 'faan 'che, 

/or?/7 ; the i-ebel forces, [11 

M -<- M^x -T- ' "^" ^^"ff ^6 

ts'aak hircm. 
Rebellion, '^JX^ l>oot)' luen', 
^ jX ^ niau Vrt'rt?/ sze^ 
to plan a rebellion, ^ fi/ 

i^ 8L '"^'^ •^^''^" ''^'^■^^' 

luen^ a rebellion breaks out, 



luen /a loi. 



Rebound, /^ g| tsaan'-Z^o/. 

Rebuild, |^5i3i^ /.w»' /«/i^ 
tso', ^ j-^ Zsoi' ^soA:'. 

Rebuke, ^^ ^■//rw;;'^shing, 
M '^ '•/'««/i;' nla^ his 
father used to rebuke him 
for his misconduct, jg "^ 



^te ^k'ue /cfl^ foo^ sheung 
i kuie 'm ho hang wai* 
ma^ k'ue. 

Rebut, ^ ^J taap-Uo. 

Recall, pij. 



.1 tZ« - 



/m/?, (to mind) ^f^l 
senng-tah-faan. 
Recant, ^ p yaan-'hat/. 

Recede, ig/'m\f^:^/Vm^ 
hau\ 

Receipt, ||^g. shnii-taan: on 
receipt of jour answer, i[^ 
^IJ i* [3 # :$: Bj ^hau 

J 3 ^ • 1 

w ni 001 sunn rhi (ihi ; the 
receipt for this account, ^ 

•"^Ao^ kt sliau tiian ; after 
receipt of this notice, ^ 

S i^ ^ ^ ^si>' wai 
luun r/a' hau'; I am in 
receipt of yours of the 10th 
instant, ^ -^^ i|^ ^ij 

ngoh hum shau to Sn shap 
ho^ ^xhoh loi h^ siiun^. 



liEC 



;iOl 



REC 



Receive. :^ |^ fsip^-shau. 
^1] lsip'-h>\ ■^ 8liaii\(froin 
a superior) ^ ling : to 
receive rent, i\^ ^ s/iau 
fsn : to reciMve a iottei, ;^ 
'f^ tsi/i^ siiwi : lie received 
(i.e., welcomed) inc verv 

|<i"d'y. IE # « S * 

k'lie toi iigoh sliiiui' sliiii''. 
Recent, j^ [f^ kan -shi. ^ 

B^ 0^ kan'-8hi-/re\ 
Recently. ^^ kan'-loi. 
Receptacle, ^ isoiig , ^ 

^0"g- IS /£ t8ong'-/A'«.>\ 
Recipe, >^^ fmirt-fnaP, ~^ 

Recipient. i|^i^;^ A ''■^'''" 
mat ^V yan. 

Reciprocate. T£ ;|i|3 ^ ^ 
po -<ennti-i:a(tu-ts:ip . 

Recite, ^ =^ oon^-tsuung\ 
^^ |jj nini^-'-/i'in</: to 
recite prayers, j^^^ nini' 
^*//^ ;• to recite a lesson, -^ 
^^ nim^ iilnifi : he recited a 
I-iece of poetry, fg ^ ^ 
H^ ^ ^k'uo nim «/<i ^7/(/^ 
liong. 



Reclaim. 



Ret kl'sp. 7J ^ rju-inaan, P§ 

tr Jl -il i1^ m-'/.^-'li- 
v//rt/- ye. 
Reckon. ^A^ V.»/-W<o, ^ 
sufn; to reckon accounts, 

Z 'u^-f'iimi. 
Recline, P||| >(g ///;/'-'tet, 

ill /'-^ ^ ^] «^'»"^''' 
^ ~I^ w» 'l'='- ^ ^ » 
clieuk. y^ ^ P'ii'ig •'>''''^'", 
^ 'fi ^'^" chue': recline 

Re-closc. ^ ^ /3^< ;ia' . 

Recluse, g^ |U: <^>;/ Jg li- 
shai'-tnnkkur, [^ ^f ^ 
!/au 'yaii \-he, f^^^ 
^^ ^ tuuk A'?^« wn li.mg 

V*,, ® g # it * 

tuuk ^u^' 6'a?< to c/f. 
Recognition, ^f $P :^ ^ 
tse^ ue liuung lo. g;^, ying'; 
in recognition of his valu- 
able services, j^=g/^fg 
JjJ ^ S- A.-^ nim^ ^k'ue 
kuunq lu. 



REC 



302 



REG 



Recognizance, glgjj^^ 
^ tsze ying' kp'' ))o taan, 
-^ ^ kue kii; he was 
afterwards released on his 
own recognizance, |g Q 

± dl: ifS « Hf IE II 

;^ k'ue tsze^ laap kue^ 

/a? han tseung k'ue .';A»A 

/<?«^ ; ordered to enter into 

a recognizance, -^ jg g 



.3 C. 



ooi 



Keoollect, gg^ ki'-^hi, 

's.//;i^, |g ki\ gg j^ /a-^ 
nini^ to recollect distinctly, 

c/r^/^ ; unable to recollect, 
as nearly as I can recollect,. 



rhiu ngoh /'» /rc/^'. 



meng 

..3 



3 c 



k'ue 



tsze laap ^/^ ^lY 

Recognise, |g ying\ |g || 

ying' tok ; handsomely 

recognizing my services to 

^ toh tse^ ni^oh ^ue 'k'ne 
toi lo ; I failed to recognize 

ngoh 'm ying^ toA ^k'ue. 
Eecoil, lil /voi^ ^^:jg ^.,m' 

ig ^H? ooi, ^ ^ ^',,/ 

po^ you recoiled a little, 
hau A;» po . 



lit 



Recommence, ^ ^ "j^"" 
tsoi 'hi shau tso\ ^^ 

^ j^ y^" '^'"^'^ ''«o»' t8o\ 
Recommend, (a person) J^ 

Jg VrM«-A5*;;\ >gj^ ^ ^;,,; 

^kue, f^ Jf foo^ ^fl/f\ 

(advise) ^J //ue«?; a friend 

recommends him, . j^ 

p'ang 'yau /-?<(? ^si// "^kMie. 

Recommendation, ^ ^^ 

/■an?' !^hur, jg 1^ /5t//' 

c/i/ ; the house coolie has no 

letter of recommendation, 

koh koon tim' mo ''km 
tsin^ chi. 



REG 



303 



REG 



Recompense, ^[J:^ }>o'-taap^; 
I must recompense your 
kindness,^ ^iJl>^^}^^i^^ 

ni kt' ynn ; he is recom- 
pensed by the frnit of his 
labour, fg ^T ^ ^ -^ 

# p K 5!) ^'^'»« i^^"s 

sze^ yuii isai' tiik waan k'i 
kming. 

Reconcilable. ^|^'^ woh- 
ta'ic-faan. 

Reconcile, ^ ^ ^ ling' 

Uoi^- ho. 

Reconciled. ^?(Hl fnuk-woh. 

Reconciliation, ^7^^^ 
huen woh A'e' sze^ to effect 
a reconciliation between 
them, ^tgltieitf 
iK^^0 leng^ 'k'ue ti' seuuc/ 
ho ue r//'oA. 

Recondite, ^ j^ o^ min^ 
•^ ^ .sAnm o\ 

Reconnoitre, ^fX^ ^i(i-t'aam\ 

Record, ^ luuk, (to) fg ^/'; 
placed on record, g^ 1|^ 
/ci^ tsoi^ a record office, 
^ ^'i' «/ia/ ; a record 



book, g IB ^ /«'i^ /-:»■' 
]W: to record daily alTaiis, 
gg f^ ^ la yat S7.e^ to 
record merit, gg ^J H' 

kitnnij : official records, 
^ ohii niim, or M^ 
o//;?"* kuen^\ on I'ecord, /^ 
^ tsoi' ohti'-, leave on 
record, 'j(^^ ts'nen o/^n'; 
record of one's own actions, 
; in hang luuk ; 



wn 



PI I J J«kJX ° 

honourably recorded five 

times. IE ^ 3L^ Ici' 

Inuk ng ■ fa'ze^ ; an act 

worth recording, — • '^ 

yat ch'eang luuk 



sze 



Recount, J^ [tl ^ ehuut- 

ch^uut-lii. 
Recover. ^"^ tak-faan, (get 

^ell) ^ 155 peng'-V<o. 
Recreate. ^J^-^ITf yau-W/- 

'ha. 
Recrimination. ]§^^!!^3t 

00^ -soxing-kunng-k'-it' , ]^ 

ffi ^ IS 0^'' """^ 
chaang t3uung\ 



REG 



304 



RED 



Recruit, ^ f^ f'lm- po, 
(health) ^^J]> >eung- 
faan- ha ; mostly recruits, 

foh hai^ san yup yiiig ki' 

lacan 8Z«^ to recruit the 

^ody, ^^ ^ -f- '/"> 

reuno; slnxii tsze. 

]vectify, ^ J£ ching-chiiig^, 

cliing- ho -. raistakeB can be 
rectified within twenty-four 

\ shap sz(^ ''fmi chuung noi' 

Uenng ts'oh^ sfm/ koi 

chi)ig\ 
Rectilineal, |( g^f, [jj^ chik 

s»)/^ ti. 
Rectitude, ^ ^ i'-/!i\ jg 

1^ c/aVi/Z-chik. 
Rector, ^f"^-^ ^^au'' ooi^ 

'cheung, ]£ ^ gj^J f A*".-?' 

'lo s:f : J^Jl^ chi' 'li 

Rectum, |]|[ ]^ chik-ch'eung, 
taai ch'eung. 



Recumbent, ^ '^j .sAwi' 
/o, ^^ -^ ara chue''. 

Recur, ^ ^ yau'-loi, ^ 
^ loi-fuuk, (in speaking) 
S ^ /30t - kong ; the 
idea recurred to my mind, 

ngoh sum yau^ S2? At k'i 
sze^; the fever recurs, ^fe 

^ S- 1^ '^ '■''"''// ^^^^^ 
faat\ 

Recurrence, ^^^ ^^^i^ 7^"? 
^ Jg /.yoi' ue'. 

Red, fX huung, ^ cA^^fl : 
as red as a rose, $P^^ 
^ ><^ f r «e mooi '««•«» 
/h f/ij huung : red as blood, 
iti$\lZU ^^ hud' Chi 
huung : red as fire, ^fP !^ 
^ 5^ "6 ^foh chi ckek • 
notes HI red ink. ^ ^ 

Red-hot, 'j^ ^J[ s//«< huung, 

j^ ftC \f(>^ \nn\iig ; the 
fire is still red-hot, ^ »f^ 
t^ U 't»'~-e 'foh sheung^ 
huung. 



KKI) 



305 



ri:k 



Redeem, Jj^ shuuk. jj^ gjj 
shuuk;/b^//(, (from sin) fe' 
^ pluuik-tBiii . 

IleJound to. ^^^kHfii-f/ian. 

Eedress. a t;rievaiice, ^ ^ 
s/tnn-uen, (no) ^ ^ iiio- 
/flfi'/^ to seek redrec3 trom 
• tlie King, ^ [S i ^^ 
^S k'liu hrok^ wong s/a/n 
/«?! ; begging for the 
redress of certain wroiiKs 
tliev had PufVered, >i^ '|f[j 

siKin ^li sliau^ /'v^/ hv^ uen 
ts'ing. 
Kednce, (hiing; -^ liiig\ ^ 
^|[ic/i»^- s//aj, (diminish) J^j/ 
kaam, (change) 'ffc/'^^- %^ 
pin^, (subdue) :J^ Hg ^^'- 
fuuk : to reduce dollars to 

cents, m^^%i]^ 
•-4^ tseunq iigau cluiea wai 
&%n 5ze : reduce the price, 
A^ kaam ahia. V^ 

'^kaaiii ha ^ : cannot 

leduce It. pg J|pj^ ^ 'm 

Arm/// lak ; leduced to 

extremities, ^ ;^ kUran^ 



kek ; to reduce to ashes, 
J^^f^ »hing/""Oi : to reduce 
to subjection, ^^ chuig 
|i'iiig; to rtduct. Ill rank, 

(^ Qljlc ^'""^^ c^"^' : reduced 
to starvation, ^ ^^ ^ 
^^ k'uung rhi^ shau^ /'t' ; 
to reduce expenses, ^ ^ 
^ ithaani/ fai^ yuung 
Redundant,^ ;;;J; ^ ffi^ M 
t'ltai^-toh- mo-yuuug\(.AiET.) 
^'t Jj^ slie-/'3i/?/A;. 

ii«^^^- MS '^-'"'^i- MH 

lo-tck. 

Tieel and stagger. ^^ ^ 
j^ f^ hang-tuung'-iu 
>rr/, (C0L.j^7^[i|L|l^ 
tr[C lian<r-/^//.'-^p'e-'^p-e-'^lia. 

Reel, to ^j[loag.]^^^j 
^/^ *^i ih-e fvug szo : that 
woman makes a living l>y 
reeling silk. '(@:^Ali 
S^^SH /'-''^^Wyan 
''foil 'J szf- ><;<' to^ vat : to reel 
silk from the cocoons, ^ 

ts'aam Av' .«~'' ; a reel, iij 



^A -Jj 



if^^W- f"''9 ^'^ ^'^ '■^'■''- 



rp:f 



300 



REF 



Reel of thread, ^ i^ svi^- 
IhuJc, ^ "^ ch'f-hwk. 

Re-embark, ^ -^ Jjft ^^^'^ 

lok shnen. 
Re-enr.ct, ||^ gg* '^ ;^ tsoi" 

ch'it' faat' hint. 
Re-enter, 1^ y\ tsoi yup, 

S 3(^ /i'f^t Asw?/;/ ; to 

re-enter the army, ?£ '^ 

^. /5(?i /o/?^ 7't'?.'7- 
Re-establish, 5£ gO^ 3j2 ^^^* 

c/i'tY laap. 
Re-examine, JS^ tsov' ch'a. 
Re-exchange, ^y^ fauk yik, 

2^ clinung' yik. 
Re-ex{iurt. ^% ^J [Ij fiuik 

ch^uiit hau. 
Re-fashion, IS. j|^' ^soi tso , 

!£ ^ /.<;(?*•' hang. 
Refection, :^^ ^^ "^/^o sA//«, 

SA ^ij> '■*'" '"""• 
Refectory, -{^ ir^ >|\ ^ shik 

^//m sum fong. 

Refer to, ^ Va', (speak of) 

iJX '/'O/^^-k'aap, (apply 

to) i|^ ^ Viwe/j-ts'eung, 

1^ Ptfl "^cAuen-mnn ; to 

refer to nature, ^g'[^]?n 



j^ clix siiu/ 1 in ; to lefer 
to a book, ^1 ^ 'yan 
ahue ; he referg all things to 
himself, fgj^^^g 

Q ^ k'ue \" Icok sze' 
Icwai tsze^ kl ; I refer the 
decision to you, ^ ^ M. 
f^ f^ 3£ Sigoh /-aaw *^ue 
Sii tsok ^chiip ; he refers 
to you, fg :f| f$ ^k'ue 
VAi 'ni. 

Refine, 'j^'j^ ^V/z/z-lin', J^ 
lin'. 

Refit, -|j^ ^^ sau-''rhi/ig. 

Reflect, jX^ 3g 'fnan-cMn, 
^■\^ i\\Q-'^cht(eii, (think) 
.S iS sse-^s^i^?/,^ ; the 
liglits on tiie bridges arc 
reflected in the water, ^^ 

J^^ TfC ffi^ k'iu shenng' 
/iv ku'ong ''faan chiu in 
kicoiig ne ^shui min ; their 
eyes reflect their inward 

^MS- ^'^ 'ngaan ying 
tk'uut k'i si/«i ^e /bon Va' ; 



REF 



307 



RE(^ 



his character reflects great 
lionour on his parents, '[^ 

^k'ue ke ''yun hang -/'i 



wiiitr u/ foo 



Reform, 



mo. 



Refuge, ^'^^ 'foh-i^i'- 
chu«\ ^;5')3jf pi'-a/<a//- 
'sho/t. 

Refund, 'j^'j§ ch'enng-waaii; 
to refund monev, i^ 



_ I? IE pi'f'-'hing , 
}^i'^^i^ ^hoi-ok -ts'i/i- 
shin ; to reform a nation, I 

^ K ^^'" n^""' 'ft K 
/a^ mun : to reform one'a 

errors, gj^ J§ "^/^'i ^'w^A : i 

reformation, Bfefp^]^ 

Vroi ts'e k/rai (/tiiig\ 

liefratt. @ $.1. S/i?w?-ts'e, 

-r-r} gvi 

:^ j^ fs'net^-tuuk. 
Itefrain f^kaai\ ^,^ V''- 
SAoi/ ^^ lU ''ijaii-'^hau ; 
I refrained from speaking, 

A:?///*' ^hrni pat in. 

Refr.^sh. g ff ,'/'/- V''^ ^ 
iS tsze-''p<i : felt refieshed 
by the sleep, 1^^ -gf^ 
1^ flip shui' hau' koJc" tal: 
''nhomj shan. 

Iiefreshmerit. y|l^fl^ ^«^''- 



waan ncan. 



int. 



Refuse. Ilf^ ^ ^j«-t8'ze, ^ 

y|^ 'm-Svan. (not receive) 

■X^ ^ 'm-fstp\ 
Refute, ^ g ;'o/:'-veng. 
Regain, ^^^ ^ai->«/i, ^^ 

^ veng-/f^rtn. 
Reirard. ^ >^ h>o -chue', 

(pity) >j){^ sxiut. 
Regardless, ^^i^jg 'm-'to- 

^li. 
Regards, (to exijress) f^ ^ 

mun -hau . 
Regatta. P^]/^ fr'«'-shuen. 
Regenerate, |[T ^ kaug - 

shrouj, ^ /|£ ch'uung- 

shang. ^jZfc faan-shaavg. 
Regent. ^]^ shij? -ching^ . 
Regicide, ^ ^ ^ s^'/^'i' 

kicun ^che. 
Regimen. ^j^P kaai - hau. 



REG 



308 



REG 



Eegiment, ^ ying, j^ k'i, 

Region i-jj^ ~)j u-fong. 

Eegistoi. ^^j^^i ^/."/-luuk, (to) 
_j^jW|- 8heuii,tj:-f/iVw/£ . gj 
j^ cliue ch'-aiik : a register 
of population, ^ P fl^ 
CO hnu chaak ; to fill in 
the register, ilM jJJ- t'in 
ch^aah ; register of share- 
holders, ^fy^;^ 'I'-oo hm 
ch'-aak ; to enter on the 

register, liAjR-ft ''^"'^' 
yup rh'aak^ wo?-, to register 
a letter, |t|® f^ tciam po 
sHHii ; register the payment 
in a book, ^^ ^ ^ ^ 
^ j^ tf<iiwi' slio chue J up 
po uoi : register of tiie in- 
mates of a house, (hung up 
at house-doors) P^ jj$ jjfl- 
moon p'aai ch'-aak ; to 
register names, ^^ tnng 
meng, gj iH^ (hue rneng ; 
it is registered, 'f?^ ts'uen 

oh)}\ :^ : 



tsoi omi . 



Oj en 



cnetiuij- 



Registrar, "^J 

ohn''-sse. 
Registrar General, (in Hong- 

o^ olin fod' wa-raan-c/au// - 
mo -szp. 
Regret, *|f ,.»/.. ^'[g= nim'- 
.stZ':, (repent) '\%Joot\ ^ 
¥fli /(inii-foot : I regret 
exceedingly, ^ il^> ^ ^ 
1^ ngoh sw!i shain^ Z'^// 
lok ; not worthy of regret, 
yf )^ *\^ 2>/U fsviik sik ■ 
liis death is regretted by his 
friends, fg ^^ ^ % X 
^' k'ue .*>'.:/' /i«e vail 



vaii- 



yan ttnmg sik. 
Regular, 7^ ^ ^ 

TP rhinif: there are now 
two regular clerks here. JB 

B/^ F^ ^T i»' Van 'leung 
Z7)^ oh'eung kuuriy sr tsze 
tsoi )n icivin hon<); ; as 
regular as clock-work, ^p 
ffi 2! tH ?fn ^ ne cAm?/»/?' 



KKI 



309 



RIvl 



chi haiiu' i rkiiun : regular 

troops, ^ ^ •■l,v}(j pin//, 

-^~J pi/i>/ fill;/ : a regular 

life, jSf^j IE ff J%iuen 

chinij liauj^ wai. 

Regulate. ^ -gy ung-chai, 

j"' ^finiiij-'ho. ^ chi , 

6'/w li ; to regulate 

one's life. \^^ *^/" shun ; 

to regulate tlie empire, v'^ 

^ 7* "-"''i^ ^''" 1^'^'- 
Regulation. ^ ^ rheung- 

ch'ing; rules ami regulations, 

A-'«'fli lai\ 
Rehearsal. ^ ^ r/raat /a\ 
I^eign, ;g^ 3^ wai-wong, ^gjjf 

^ tso^-won'_% (one) — -^ 

^ "1^ l/ai'^ouv-r/ti-shai ; 

Le has reigned three vears, 

k'ue iani/ Avai van .sa«?« 
nin chi 'can ; during the 
reign of T'ung Ciii, |^^ 
^ f^ t'uung chi^ uiii 
kaan. 
Reimburse, i^^^p^ t'in 



waan ne ngan. 

21 



Rein, (bridle) ^^\ pi -t'uu. 

Rein-deer, :Jb ^ jjg pa/:- 
taai'-luuk. 

Reinforce, ^ pj f'im-'po, 
^ -& /•,/;.■ /.-../, 35 
-^ ciioh' 'i pin>/, ^ \^ 
-)} choli' 'i lik. 

Reinstate, Rij- ^ ktiP-fau/t, 
Wi ^ ^t.'^'enif-faiin ; the 
king lias been re-instated on 
liis throne, [g 3: H [EJ 
^Eft k"' 'k woug fau ooi 
wo!ig wai . 

Reject, ^^ Hii-hi\ ^^ 

tiu-p'-aav, :^^^ jyV/a?/ /it"'; 

I rejected hi3 offer, ^^ 

yC fE l^il >}c '"gob 'm 
wan 'k'ue shoh k'au. 

Rejoice, ^ f^ 'A»-uet, g|^ 

:§: /.««-v..-, g u^ '/,.• 

/i?o/< ; to rejoice in what 
pleases jou, .Jg fj*. ;2 ^ 
lok ni chi lok, ^ f^^ |^ 
^^ ue 'ni t'uung lok ; I 



rejoice to hear, ^ ^ i^ 



n^oh muu cAt 



ehum'' hi ; Japan rejoices 



liEL 



310 



REL 



over her victories, |3 ^A£ 

jioon kiroic' yan talc shing^ 

chpvnif' taai^ 7//. 
Rejoin, (answer again) ^^ 

funk -Uw}? . 
Rejoinder, [eJ -^ oni y?/w. 
Relapse. ^ Rg fuuk-hnam\ 

(of sickness) :^^ ^ fnuk- 

peng' Isoi' faat ; he relapsed 
into his old bad liaidts after 
amendment, jiT}^"^^ 

/srt/ hang 0^^. 
Relate, gj ^ shtief-cl/i, ^ 
5{l ^'o/^.^-shunt, (belong to) 
^ shunk; to relate legends 
or stories, ^§ "i* /w/?// 
koo ; to relate dreams or 
absnrd stories, i 



> go . 3^- 
L ^^ OCT 

.s7/wf<^ mining wa''; the 

deeds which relate to this 

]M-operty, S^ '}^ St M 

ip ke^ k'ai^ '^rhi ; it does not 
relate to me, PSI^^'^ 
'm kicnan ngoh gze\ 



ng- 



||]]S '*V/;?-/*'/^, 



Relations, (five) 55[ 

Ju"", A li^ yan-luun. 
Relation | 
Relative j 

>i^B sf w//-iihnuk ; blood 
relations, >^ ^ :t ^ 
Incut yuuk ke^ ts'an ; 
relatives by blood and 
affinity, ^|g /.^V/n tsHh; 
relatives by affinity, ^^ 
^ //^y/^ As-V/u ; i-elatives of 
the same surname, SB 
^ As-v//i 7)V/ra' ; relatives 
of aimther surname, ^9^^ 
/.sV/y? kiu'i)\ or ^ ^ /5V/M 
r/i^urn ; the six nearest 



relatives. 



>^\ 



Inuk /sVw: 



the relation of husband and 

/.s-Va' /rf ts'ing i ; the nine 
relatives, ^j^^knu tsuuk, 
viz., gi'eut great-grand- 
father, ^ jf3_ ko V.so: great 
grandfather, "^^ ^^ fsa)u/ 
tso ; grandfather, j|g_ V.9rt ; 
father, ^ foo^ one's self, 

2» Pj '^'■'^ ^''^''^'^ ! ^°"' "T" 



RKL 



311 



KEL 



fsze; grandson, ^ xitrn ; 
great Rraiidson, ^^ ^ 
tsa/i(7 SUCH ; ^'reat r,a-eat- 
Krandson, Tt;-)^^: nen 5/wj; 
in relation to, gg^^ luiiii^ 
k'ap; IK) relation whatever 

*'"' S ^ -f- ;^- I'o mo 

kohn ship^; no relation to, 

^ ^ ''11 l-traan. ' I 

Jtelax. Jj^^ f"ng^-suu,iq ; he 
relaxed his hold, fgj^^ 

Relaxation, ^/r{| s/iup-s/uoi. 

lielease, f J Jj^ .s/n/c-f«»f/ ^ 
■^ /o/«y' //.//r- : to release a 
pri.soner, :^ :}[» ^^^ shifc 
faan"* van. 

Relent, f^A..^ "PT '1^7.0/^- 

^'"' M .S ^ll^ A/''-' ts'ze 
sii>;i, fl »^ ;j^^ faat' lin 

Relevant, \^:^ knman-ship\ 
Relic, -^^j^^^^ ts'in yan 
.s///?« cliaak, ^5j^4^ ue mat, 
wai mat, I 



•B- 



sfuny iciruf; the most im 
portant relic he left, |g G/f- 



■''lioh wai ha^ '^^/r/ i?;^ k$* 
mat. 
Relict, ;^ ^g 'icwa 'foo. 
Relief, relievo. ^^jHj fa„-iiit; 
alto relievo, ^ jfij ko tut; 
I»asso relievo, '(t£^'| A/i tut; 
demi relievo, FJ? j^ 'huwxg 
tut. 
Relieve, (the poor) J^ ^ 
mu-tsat, (h>hten) fjfj(f§ 
kriam-hfing: to relieve 
snfferincr, >p^^ Z-^?/ 'foo ; 
no relief. 



tno /:«« . 
Relisrion, (doctrine) ^ /;^w?/^ 
^ P^ A-T^/?/ moon; the 
reli-,non of .Tesns, i.-o.. 
Protestantism, J[[] ^^ ^ 
ye .-fo knau^-^ ]\rohamrnedan 
religion, fg] [e] '^ ooi ooi 
A-aa^^- Roman Catholic 
religion, ^ ^-^ /"in ^chue 
kaau ; the religion of the 
Literati, i.^-., Confucianism. 

ffli^ '^' '^''"" •■ ^^'6 1'eligion 
of IJiKldha, jp ^ sJdk 
kaiu\ or '^ ^' fat hint''- 
the religion of Tao, ^f 



KEL 



312 



REM 



to^ knau; to adopt a 
religion, '^ ^ tsuurt' 
Jcaau\ ^tk fuuiig' hmu^; 
to follow ji religion, ^^ 



ts'uung Araau , ^g^ «"?^" 
Aaau^ to propagate ft 
religion, M ^ ch'uen 



Relish, (to) ^ ^ rAt-mi', 

(a) ^itt >m'-to\ Jg^ 
/'s2i»-ini\ *iui : no relish for 
food, P^ ffi'^ 'ni 5ee sbik; 
relish the flesh of doga, ^^ 

:ij ^^ 1^ ^>o' Bhik VrflM 

yijuk ; relish a joke, f;^]^^ 



Uau'; to forsake a religion, | Sfe ^ ^^^^ r.. t'aam .j^ 



' c 



'faan kaau , ^^^ 
Tvai kaau ; these men have 

no religion, g^llJ^A ^fl 
^- P^ ni ti yan mo /frtrt^^ 
moon. 
lleligioiis, |J3;]J /aV-l^'in; 
religions books, ^ f] i^ 
^ /■««/ moon king sJme : 
religious societies, ^ '^ 
kaau ooi\ or ^f^ ^-^a^" 
moon ; a most religions 
people, g jji^ il^\ ^ A 
kek shan .sw??i k/ yan ; re- 
ligious tenets, ^^ ^''■'f"'' 
t'iu ; to lead a religious life, 

i^ 5^ ^'"^ '^ ' t 
tsaap kaau^. 

Eelinquish, ^ she. 



reliwli vour words, ]^ 

ko)ig. 
lleluetantlv, 



///' t'png ni \s7<(»/i 



mm- 



k'eung. 



Rely on, 
shi 



c . 
I- 



^ 



pi (^wt i; powerful 
friends to rely ujion, (lit.) 
to have a big mountain 

close by, ^-)x}M^ V^u 
taai' shann aai ; to have 
something to rely on, some- 
thing to fall back upon, ^ 

t-S ^ ^ Vau tak aai 

pang^ nothing to rely on,. 
^ ^Jf ^ ^ mo 'slwh 'i 
ho\ 
Remain, -^ ^ lau-chue\ 
(over) ^J shing'. 



REM 



813 



IIKM 



Remainder. g^'j|E|j nc-shing , 

lie put tlie remaiiuler in the 

k'i ue fotig^ yiip i),L;au hong. 
Remand, ^ — ^ iniiir;-^— 

'^fmn, ^ M ^ rJicuJc 

ooi-/(W ; remands the 



case for u week, tJK"^^ 

^ ^ IS lii ^ ^'^'f ^ 

o/iTi^ (Uij) hail"* yr//' /;:o/i^ lai 

Remark, (sec) g^ ^ ^'ai- 
/rm\ (say) g^ wa^; his 
remarks, jggfgl^;^ IS 

k'ue S/<o/i shuet ke wa ; 
a man remarked, ^^^0 
yau van net. 
Remarkable, ^ *^ //-sheunGf, 

cliHiut meng f't ; a remark- 
able phenomenon, ^^ ^K 

Dgo'i' ck'nut k'i /le^ /a'/iv/ 



tseung ya. 



Remedy, :^^ c\i?-faat\ ^ 
^ i-faat^; no remedy, ^ 
^mo/ar^^-l^"^^ 



rao mfl/ AoA chi ; is nob 

easily remedied, ^4^^ 

f^^^ hiii ./* i kfifii kav^. 

Remeber, §[^^3 '<^*^-^^^''' m& 
/^ /t*^-cluie ; remember me 

kindly to my old friends, 

^ t'uung 'ngoh mun 
ban' yau yan ke^ ohn ; 
remember me to all your 
family, U ^ ^ M 

± ^ ft IS 2& ^;""°^ 

Sigoh "^ue foo sheuug kok 
wai tsHng ohn. 



Remind, 1^ gg t'ai- seng. 

Remiss, J^^ fong^-tsuung\ 

Remit, (forgive) f^ ^ she 
Siiin, (send) ^ /a\ (relax) 
^ .su;<r/'7 : remit a case, 
fig ^ /;;rt«t' oAm\ 

Remnants, ^ ^ "e-s?/* . 



chaak • 



Remonstrate, 

luun\ 
Remorse, ) 
Remorseless, 

yan. 
Remote, J 



^u?/n^ -J 001 . 
3Zf ts'aan- 



uen, 



shoh. 



REN 



314 



REP 



Remore, (flit) {jj jg V^on- 
ts'in, (put away) ^ ^ 
c\\'\\e-hue\ (from office) ^ 
7;r/f^/i: : remove from office, 
^ '^ cli'ue koen : to re- 
move the outer shell, ^ 

iiffoi^ AoA;^ 'm iu\ 
Remunerate, gg ^ p'ooi- 

taap^. 
Ren,!, gj lit, :{lh|J ''-^'^-lit. 
Render, (return) j§ waan, 

(make) ^ ling\ '@& ^shai. 
Rendezvous, J^ |^ tsne'- 

ch^ue . 
Renew / -cr-^w- t 5 



iff 



Renovate ) 

^chiny-faayi-sav. 

Renounce, ^j^ Az'-tsuet. 

Rent, ^ ^ As«-*ngan, ^ 
^ tso-ka\ (to) ^ /SO; 
(torn) {in y laan'-Zaw; 
rent on lease, -^ ^|[ /yfl'rtw 
/«o; rent by the month, ^ 
^|[ ^saan fso; rent paid in 



advance, J-^^f^fiheung^ 

k'i tso ; rent book, JvJ oR 
/so po\ 
Repair, f|^^ sau-''chiiig, ^^ 
7W, (go to)^^|J ///^e -/o'; 
to repair a clock, jj^^^^g 
.s-a?< chiiig rhuung ; to repair 
a coat, ^J ^ V'' shaam; 
he repaired to Pekiu, j^ 

/ii/e /wA' king. 

Repay, j^J^ waan/a^//*, gg 
j© p'ooi-waan. 

Repeal, ^ |^ fai-ch'WQ. 

Repeat, |^^ /sot^-fuuk, |^ 
^ tsoi' tso\ g ^ 
ch'uung-fuuk, ^ g^ /sot" 
«/n/W , (a lesson) ^ ^ 
jwoi^ shvp, ^^ ^i nim^ 
shve, ^ {^ nim^-r/i'm^/; 
to repeat an action, ffi- B^ 



.\^. 



— m'n 



tf<oi 



c/tin ts'in gat yeung"* hang 
sze ; not to be repeated, 

wai ; he repeated what I 



REV 



315 



REP 



nguh s/ii/pt wa' shunt 
nim rJi'imt loi ; the man 
desired to repeat his visit 
the next day, "jg A SX 

van ynnk nicni; yat tsoi 
///<« I'tuiin k'ue. 
Rejjeatedly, 31^ /^Oi -saam, j 
1^ ^ .s/«/' fs^ze ; I have 
heard it said repeatedly. ! 

ngoh pat hit t'eng mun : 

van \va . 

Repel, |g >^ *^k'ue-chue^ j 

+Blfi knejsuet, :}«^ , 

hohn^ ne\ [^ ^ fong ue\ ! 

«; i? '/". no', tt i? 

to repel an 
ne' tek, Si 

'f- «£ Jf '•« ^k ' 

Icwan tax toiig^. 

Repent. '[§jg/bot^-han\ (and 
mend) »|^ S>^ /(yol -^koi ; 
to repent of faults, »|^ ^[^ 
/oot^ /r/ro/t' ; to repent of 
sin, «[^ H /ooi' tsue^ ; I [ 
sincerely regret having 
taken his advice, ^^ »|^ j 



kolin^ ue : 
enemv. <iS 



/'/«»^ han^ tcDij "^k'uo ^e 
//?<f/j' in ; he now repents 
having assisted that man, 

n 'IS m T _ 'k-ne ts-in 

yw/^// choh' Ao/i van ham 
"^k'ue han /s'o// lia ; he 
tries to make man repent, 

yunk hven yan chi fooi . 
Repetition, ^ .^ ^//«t -lui ; 
the repetition of his visits 
to this n)an made people 
suspicious, tE /2 B R 

^ 15 'kHie k» 'lue 'lue 
Vong t'aam ni hoh yan 
leng"* yan slnnvi i. 
Repine, ^ um , g ^ ?/a/^ 
?/?»', y)\^\^ ^^^"^ climng^', 
to repine at poverty, ^ 
^ 2/^/i k'uunL'' ; he had 
never repined, /J^ ^ ^ 
^ weng mo shcmg nen^ 



UEP 



316 



REP 



Replace, ^§ ^ 'jio-faan, j 

Pg ^1 p'ooi )w, II ig 

/^" ooi, :^ ^ fuuk wai ; 

to ie[ila( J it with one of 

approved pattern, Jt^ ^ 

xhih ii i toi^ chi; replaced 
iiy one of common ^lass, 

p'eng sheung poh 11 i toi'' 
(7/1 ; replaced human nature 
by the divine nature, ]^ 

.st>j// i yik yan siiuj . 
Replant, -ffi^" t-'^oi chuung . 
'^moon- faaii; 



Replenish, 

he replcTiislied his lamp 

yith oil, wnmw^ ' 

k'ue J:n yau ue t((n// ; 
to replenish bodily strength, 

Ii M p > ^'»' lik. 

Replete, yg^ Suoon ying. 

Reply, §J-^ //a'-rr^^///, (ej 
■^ ooi-yiim ; not yet 
replied to my letter, -^ 

/rwj[?^ ngoh Ae 5Z«^yt ; a 



reply in writing, [Q ^ 
ooi Slant' . 
Report, j^ ^L fuung-shenff, 
(give a) \\l] ^ oo\-fuu/c, 
(sound) ;|j| (col.) 7?o;« ; 
when we get to the police 
station, T will report to 

you, 5i]Mltn$^i5f* 

^^f5^ ''w ch-aai koon shi 
ngoh /u/ /^/iy/ HI ; to 



report in person, 
ts'an pun ; snbmit a 
rejiort, ^ ^3 *"^'<t''* i'"'^ ; 
to report in detail, ^ ^ 
ji)i</i meng ; to report to a 
superior, ^^ -^ y^u;/ /ro"*; 
the petition of, ^^^^f" 
kue pun che ; humbly 
petition, pp^ k'au^ '^puw, 
I'eport on orders received, 

^ "^ i^'^" meng . 
Repose, ^ jq^ oA;i-tsing ; 
the greatest confidence is 
reposed in Idm, :g'^^ 
^^ jS kek sA/<m swM?i ue 
k'ue. 



IIKP 



317 



UEl* 



Represent, (sLand for) f^-^ 



tsuk' 






tfl})f/-tSO , 



) .) 



(symbolize) ^ ^ Arm -i ; | 
tlie pl&iiuitT is represented ■, 
bv a solicitor, /^ -g- Jftxg 

/:///7 V.?'fi»// chong »2e toi 
{tin : they represc?ited to 
the kin-, tBJtij-i 
± Wt ^y^^^t^' tin 
\vong slienng^ «/ijW chi. 
Repress, ^ ^1] /ci^m -chat , 
^^\J ^irt/ -r/mi ; to repress 
one's self, "^ ^ Aa^ W. 

Reprisals, (to make) i^ 

c 
ts^eung-fium. 

Reproach, ^ , 

Reprimand ) _^_ _ , 

Reprove I ^ s ^>. 

filing, ^^W doip-fhaak - 
(to the face) fp Q cA'i/i:- 
paak, [^ J^ min -c/^'j/t ; 
a sev'ere reprimand, j^^ 
im rlinnlc ; to reprove one's 
self, 1^ ^ tisze chaak . 

Reptile, ^ ^ /rtfm-ch'unng;, 
jG^ ^ P'^ ch'mm^ ; there 
are four large classes of 



ynuk-nia'\ 



reptiles, mik-^nU 
p'a ch'uuiig yau szc 
^chuwig. 
Republic, ^^^[1^11 rnnn- 
'chue-rhi-lnn,lc\ ^ ^]^ 

^ ^ S ^'^'P chuung' 
chinfj^ c\n' chi kicok^. 

Repudiate, ^^ A*'; to 
repudiate knowledge of, gfl* 
^ 7^0 shiiei' pat rhi ; to 
repudiate a wife, [;Jj ^^ 
ch^iiuf ffs^r/i ; to repudiate 
debts, Pg.^ f^, ^ ft 'm 
ying' /ii//i cl( ant'. 

Repugnant, -^ j^ seung- 

faan, -j^ Jp^ seung-kuungy 

^t yik, ngaak ; repugnant 



to reason, ^^ -^ ^ 
^a^ hop to li. 

Repulse, if]' y^ ''ta-t'ui^; to 
repulse the enemy, j^ ^^ 
1^ ^ k'ue fui^ tek yan. 

Repulsive, ^^. tau-mait. 

Reputation, i^ ^ ming- 

s/«ny, §i p5 ^'(/i-min ; a 

good reputation, ^^ ^^ 

'mi meug, ^f§M V" 

/!'rti niin^; of no reputation 



REQ 



318 



RES 



^£^^ mo meng siting ; 
the repiiLation of a family, 
PH ^ moon fux/i/j ; to 
lose one's reputation, -y^ 
§© r|J shdt t^ai niin ; to 
bring discredit on one's 
family's reputation, ^ [^^ 
ffi^ paai'' moon fnuiifj ; to 
ruin a man's re})ntation, 

^ A S ^iS r-^^^' y^" 

shiitij mong' ; to seek 
reputation, "^ ;^ k'au 
meng. 
Tlequcst, ^ m k'au- /a'e;?</, 

re(jue8t3 to go on leave, 
-fg ^ '(g 'k'ue ko' ka\ 
"f^Stf^ k'ue pun Tea'; 
as requested, fl^ ^jf ^ 



chiu' shoh k'au ; cannot 
accede to your request, p^ 

ni ^/loli k'au ; to be in 
request, :^ ^ ^ J"^^ 
van maai ; at my request, 

pSf^WiS rWSigoh 

shoh tx^enfi ; to recjuest 
earnestly, ^>|c /<^^ k'au; 



to request an audience^ 
IH^ ^ts'-etig kiiP. 
Re(|aieni, ^ [^ oA^j haan, 

^ ,g, ^'/'^i ^^•^■^•. 
Re(iuire, ^^ ^S sne-iil' ; 
difficult matters require 
steady attention, ^.^^ 

^ 'I'M ^Ci* "^^'^ ^^^^'^ ^ 

*^yau hang a;/??/ ; absolutely 
require, ^^^ pitiii^; you 
are required to quit this 

house, ^f^^uj^FsJM 

^p[;}j tu^ ni yau ni kaan 

link fs'-in ch'mif ; to require 
of, ^] ^ lak leng\ 

Requite, Ig po\ iji :§: 

ch'au t(iaii\ ^^ ^" ;w' 



PI 



tacij? \ to requite evil for 

Kt>oJ' .@, W f/L $B y^'^ 

^sflM/?(^ ch'au y>^'^ to rerpiite 
heaven's favour, ^H-^^ 
JS^ ch'au iaaii' tHn yan ; 
to requite favour, ^^ J^^ 
po yan . 
Rescue, ^ han^, ^^ ^^"^ 
kau y ;^ |jj kaa''-ch'nut • 
to rescue from fire and 
Avater, |fe;J§;;jCjfc hax^ 



RKS 



310 



rf:s 



ue shui ^foh ; I will rescue 
yon from danger, "^ 5^ 

fh'uut %im ; to the rescue ! 
to the rescue ! >^ -^ , 

^ 'on ''■'^'"^ nieng\ Ay'//^ 
nienii:\ 

Research, :^^ haau-kau'. 

Resemblance. ^'^^ tsenng - 
*yenng\ fg ma;ui'. 

Resemble, ^ ^ \^'Ae-t(/k, 
^^ 'tel tscuiig - ts'ze. 

Resembling, ^^ ^ ^ yau- 
chi-oo. 

Resentment, ^'J^ ?<^v/^-lian^ 

to cherish resentment, l^j^ 

^ p'o Uf'/i^ : life-long 

resentn-.ent, fg. ffi ^ # 

p'o han rlmuny shrni. 

Keserve, -^ ^ ^ lau- yau- 
ue, (to) ^fe "TC ts'uen- ha. 

Reserved, *^]^ 5/i?o«-ch'um ; 
reserved and at ease, ^^ 
^ ija}! haan : reserved 
seats, ^Hj'^ ho ch^uuf 



wai . 



Reservoir, ^ |j|]^ (hh(uk-}n. 



taai^ s/z^/t t'ong. 
Reside, ^ ^^ Av/^^-cliue 
Residence, >[^ ^ cliue^-/M, 

^ chaak, '^ ue': Mi 



Kuril's residence, 
Koni ue"*; during oiu" re- 
sidence in Macao, ^^ '^ 

moon /:?(e cliue^ c//i shi. 
Resign, -g^ ^ ko'-fU(i\ §^ 
ts'ze-'////:, (one's self) 
fuuk : to resign the 

throne, y^ ^ tuH vrai ; 

he resigns office, f^ ^^ 

^ ^ ^k'ne ts'ze c/uk 

wai . 
Resigned, (submissive) 

s//«e-funk. 
Resin, :j^^ 0^ ts' 

(meng). :jv^ ^ ts'nung- 

//^u/;y, ^^ |g ts'aung fAt, 

or 

kaau. 
Resist' ij^ ;j:g /-<?)/</'- k'ue, 

tik-chue\ J^ ^ ^tong- 
chue , ^ ^ wai ^oo* • 



uung-mmg 



®SJ®^ tsnmng shue' 



RES 



820 



RES 



Eesolute, ^ j[^\ kin-sum. 
Resolve, ^ ^g; ting'-i\ ^ 



i^ laap-su///, ^ g tuet 
», ^ ^^ chiic-i^, (solve) 
^jj^ kaai-hoi ; to resolve 
difficulties, ^ |||^ /c«a« 
naan ; to resolve, doubts, 

^ ^ •''''''*''' i : it is 
resolved, ^ ^ ^i ting^ 
resolved to become a good 

laap i tso^ ^ho yan. 
Resort, (to a i)lace) ^ ^|] 
A7/(? -?o\ (to a person) ^ 
|w] chiien-heiing , (to a 
thinj,', &c.) ^Qg V/? 



uirn- 



'shat\ (a place of) ^ /.fi' 



tsiic^-c/i'^^e', (an escape) .^ 
1^ A?/e^-lo'; a favourite 
resort for pedestrians, '^ 

hang yan fsui ^ho saatt' po^ 
ke ti"*: he resorted to 
blows, jg^^^ ^k'ue 
yuung' k'nen %. 



Resound, ^^ heung-shengy 
(echo) [e] jjjpj ooi- heung^ 
im ^^ chong^-i-Ae;;^. 

Resource, ]^ j^ ^ vsAr/A- »- 
laai^, (escape) -^ ^§ 7nip^- 
W\ without I'esources, ^ 
^S^ k'-ivan f^liau : full of 
resource, ^ ^ !^ toh 
fong' faat\ ^ff M 7i;f«^ 
you are a man of infinite 
resource, f$ ^ ^ ^ 
^ll^^@» ni yau ho toh sum 
sze ; at the end of his 
resources, i.e., at the end 
of his tether, ^ ^ -J- 
mo faat tsze ; our resources 
are limited, J^ p^^^ 

ngan ^^/e^ sAm. 
Respect, (to) ^ ^•;*»5'\ ^ 
?cing^ -chmmg^ , (regard) 
koo^ ; to obey and 
respect one's parents, :^ 
Vj^'^j^ haait' king'' ioo 
mo ; to respect one's 
reputation, ^^ §8 p^ Zr^r)' 
f-ai min^ the English 
show great respect to 



KKS 



oL'l 



K'KS 



women. ^ KWM^ 
"it .'/"'// y^^^ sluim^ /'t"//^ 
Too iiue : (Miincso '•es])ect 
the aged, ^ A ® ^ 
wa yan At/;// lo. 
Respectable, P|^*^ ji^ yau- 
/•rt»-min\ 

RespectfuI,fj^^/■^//;V/-''''''.'7^ 

Respectini;, f^ ^ lunn'- 
k'ap, ^ ^r^ cln^-ue. 

Respect?, to pay. ^^ pani'- 
hau\ 

Respiraiion, P^ |]g^ foo-ti'p. 

Respito. U: n$ //^/'-shi. 

Respleiulc'iit, ^t J^ hirong- 
Jong. 

Respond, /fj "^ >jw;f-ta(ip\ 

Response. ^ )^ ying' taap\ 
^m -^ fuu/r taaj? ; no 
response, ^. [g] ^q- nio 
ooi ?/2»u ; ill response to 
the man's cry, ^ \^J\ 
P^ yvuf Tan shoh foo. 

Responsibility, -^ ^p| foo - 
hob . ;jn ♦^ taam-taai , 

■^ f^ ^^'' I'^^i'^ ; t-lic 

responsibility rests on me, 
^ S9 ^'^' '"Sf'1 



I ' 



nhi' innn^ I will take the 
responsibility, ^ ^H ^ 
^ 'ngob //^wm '^sheung 
a7u/« ; the otbce is im- 
portant, the responsibility 

great, f^ M* ^ ^/r y«m^ 

oh'nnng rhaalc' taai''; too 
many responsibilities, ^ 
'ft 3^ ^ fArm/;;'' yum'' 
/VMJ^ /o// ; disavowed 
responsibility, ^ "^ ^g 
^ ;v// //Yi»y /a«/n iaai": 
legally exonerated from all 
responsibilitv, H^^ •^j "pf 

lai'' ^lioh min ya^ ^'o«^ 
taam iaai'\ each on his 
personal responsibility, ^^ 

^po. 
Responsible, -^ j^ sbi'-mun^; 
a responsible office, ^3 f^ 
ch'uung yum ; hold me 
responsible for everything, 
# ^ PmI ^ ^^'oe sze' 
mun^ ngoh ; I am not 
responsible for any risk. 



RES 



S22 



RES 



'm jio i^ njroi^ sze''; I am 
responsible, ^Jj :j-U f^ 
Sigoh I (I II in yiiig^ ; a 
responsible g o v e r n tn e n t 

position, M ri Zl ^ -p- 
'ch'uuug yum^ ke^ cleaai 
856^; I am not respon3il)le 
for bis debts, jg ^/f ^ 

'.s7ir//i A//^/"* /ce'' ngan 'in 
Jcwaan ngob sze . 
Rest, ^g, .^//.', ^^g, o/o;-5?:A% 

V'a,/-lia, (tbe) g^ f I] ue- 
Bbing\ ^ fij Pgg ne- 
sbing'-/ce\ it ^ k'i-ne, 
M^]!^ tliunng'-Vau-// ; 
Reqniescat ! May be rest 
in peace, f£ ^ ^ Jf^ 
y>'?u"' /i^i/jif/ ts^in /s'au ; at 
rest, ^ ^ o/i/A ting^ 
uben tbe mind is at rest 
tben tbcre is joy, ;\^ ^ 
^Ij ^.^ ■'<uiii oh II fsak lok ; 
to go to rest, ^ f|^ Ime^ 
sbui ; to retire to rest, ^^ 1 
J&^ fui^ .^ik ; it rests witb 



' ^ ^ ^''^°' Sigoli ; 



as to the rest, 



chi UP k'i ue ; this 



matter rests witb me, ^/^ 

ni k\\\ sze^ kirai yup 'ngoh 

'^shau li. 
Restanrant, ^® ^ f^ tsau 

acui' tun\ #:^gf Aw/i 

ts'-oi^ koon. 
Resting-place, ^- ^ <^ ^ 

fl//;/ f<ik clii ch'-iii'^ 
Restitntion, [[^f<^ p'ooi "^yw, 

5^ {B] ^^'''/a' ooi. 
Restive, J^jJ i| aaii'-^kmg. 
Restless, ^Itj^ jjjp^ ino-ning- 

noi', i}^ ^ t/n-f.'^im. 
Restoration, ^^[b] fnuk ooi ; 

tbe restoration of peace 

and prosperity, ^^ '^^ 2|^ 

;g||^ fank /'^m/' i)'ing 

k'aap Idiiff wong . 
Restore, d^ [gj waan-ooi, :^ 

fnuk, (save) 5^ ^ /;;rtM^- 
faan. 
Restrain, ^ ^-[J kw)^-chn?y 

-I^R] ^ tue-clihiulc. 



RES 



S'2'.i 



12 KT 



Restrict, \)j^ ^ haau^ cline'; 
to restrict one's movements, 

m u 31; A'l iS i'^>«'^^ 



rhni^ k'i '^ ki/o tiinnji 



restrictoil to time. 



m 



lf[] haan^ ting^ yaL k'i. 

Restriction, j(f^^ liaan^-to^ 
witliont rtstiicLion ;is to 
time, :^|J^ JD] pal hntin' 
k'i. 

]:e.ult, (in) ^ g^ rA?no/^- 
/-/r/7j, (from' {i|^ ch'uut- 
oo, (ilie) ^ -^ kwaan- 
Ii!u\ ^ [1^ haau'-ira'; 
aTways with the eame 
result, JC^P^'^^ 
•g* [FlJ k-i haau' im' 
fcheiuiL' shi l:aai t'nnng; as 
'-^'•^sult, |g;;g!T/S>ff^ 
ifon wai^ ni kin^ 5ze^ to 
result in good, ^J- ^ :^ 
ho kiP liinih ; to result in 

f^- B IS fi «■'' "'' 

/.//•o// ; to result in calamity, 

^1^ S ^■^^'"'•'i' Vau woh'. 

Resunit', [jlj jJll^,-^- loi-faan- 

^ shall, (return to) -^ ^ 



iBo^ -fatrn ; to resnm'^ liis 

fi^oi^ hang Mi s'.e' fiiuk 

yum\ 
Resurrection, ^^ ^ fiink- 

shdiifj, Uwv'-s/iKfif/. 
Resuscitate, ^^ /|£ fan'* 

.s7/^/;/^ ; to resuf:ciiate :i 

Retail, ^ ^^J5 ^ maai'-.<tr/i'- 
foh', ^ J !ing-maui\ 
(trade) /J'* ^ '^sii/-f/'/nt'; 
retail-trade, /J> ^ j^ 
*ju s/z/rny / , ^J> jp^ ^ 
/t ^13^ 6'*// niiiai niaai 
shaiig i' . 

Retain, -g ^ lau-/}^;/, j(^ 
•@ cs7/a//-lau ; to retain a 
visitor, -C^ ^ lau A^w/c ; 
to retain )>y foice, ;||^ ^ 
/i'i/« lau ; retain (under 
disfavour) in olhce, "'j£t^ff£: 
lau yum . 

Retake, (a place) ^^^ f^k- 
fuuk, (a prisoner) ^ 
chuiik-faan. 



RET 



a2i 



RET 



Retaliat*'. ^-^ waan- shau, 
IB Wi Po'-faan; to 
retaliiiii evil for evil, \^ 
^*g51i 'i ok' po ok\ 

Retard, ^g chai'. ^^ \^ 
ihoh-xniVAn , g^l^ chimj- 
maau'. 

Eetch, Y^ flg {sok'.\nj. 

Retentive meinory, ;^^'|^ 

Retina, g^ )]^ ngaan mok. 

Retinue, ^^ ^ kan-paan ; 
with his reiiuue, JG^ ^ 
15^ M ue k'i ts'iii uen. 

Rfctiie, y^ ^ ^'«i -pi\ •^ 

to retire from office, ^ 



tt '^^ 



I sze 



or 



ihtJ 



Efl 



kicai t'in ; to retire from 
business, ^ ^ hiai 
^ymi ; to retire one step, 
^ ^ — ^ f'm hau^ 
yat po^ he Mas obliged to 
retire on half -pay, (g j^ 
^ ^ ^ 'k'ue ^'m" shik 
2mon^ fining ; he has retired 
on a pension, j^ iS 



^ ^ ^'"^ ^''"^ '"^''^ 
f'hik oh'eunu" leunj::^ ; a 

retired soldier, -^ ^- 

kicui t*iu ki'^ ]iin(j sze\ 
Retired, ^ ^ //fl?/-tsing^, 
^^ ;'oy»\- retired and 
elegant, |^ J;^ //</?/ 'nga : 
a retired life, j^ E ''yan 
hue ; a retired street, ^M 

# Z fix ?^''^' /^'^/^ ''^"' 

kaai ; a retired scholar, 

/;?/e sze\ 
RetiremenL, pj^f p|:j tsiiig^- 
chnung, l^|^ y(ni-ch'-u^, 
d8S £ tn' Av^f ; liigh officiars 
retirement into private 

^ ^ ^ tciai^ Iwn kirai 
ue ka pnf pin'' kuu/tg sze . 

Retort, to, ^ pj waan- /m?/. 

Retrace, [gj ^ ooi po , i^ 

[eJ hau' ooi, ^ ^ -^ 

/Wrai chven' hii/: he retraced 

liis steps, tE ,R SI 5S 
jfjj -^ k-ue y)w/( r//j<f/r 
t'au i hue'. 



RET 



325 



RET 



Retract, J^ p faan- hau, 

faan foot ; to retract 

verbal evidence, ^p'j^ 

koi hau kmmq ; I will 

not retract, ^fe 7 ft W 
ngoh 'm shik in. 
Retreat, ^ /"//i\ ^ ^scjm, 
(^) H i£ l/an-ch'-ue ; 
to retreat towards the 
capital, ^ >fS iE IeJ ^ ® 
pik tm ooi ^en^ sheng ; 
retreated to the mountains, 

s/iMm shaan. 

Retrench, ^^ -^ kacwi- 
shaang ; to retrench ex- 
penses,^ fc^ ni* R M 
Z:aam shaan g fai* yuung\ 

Retribution, ^^jl^ ;.'o -yeng^. 

Retrieve, ^^ tak-faan, ^ 
1^ yeng-/aa/7, «^ W; 
he retrieved his lost 
reputation, jg f| [e] §f 

ooi slioh shut ke^ meng 

Retrocede, ^ [g] /canu ooi. 
22 



Retrograde, -^J ^ /o hang ; 

retrograde motion, ^ ^^ 

yik hang. 
Retrospect, |gj j^ ooi-7i:<7(?', 

ooi 52tf. 

Return, ^ /aa», [g] ooi, ^ 
^ faan-hur\ ^^ /aa/i- 
*lai, ^ /ci^'^i, (restore) ^^ 
waan ; to return a present, 

^ ■^ ^^^^ ^ ' ^° I'eturn a 
call, ^ ^ tse po'; to 
pay a ^'digestioir' call, i.e., 
after a feast or dinner, ^^ 
Yjg tse fsaii ; to return 

home, ^"-^^^ A^^'^ ^w«' 
A'wai; to return a visit, 

ooi I'aai^; to return thanks, 

tse^ ga)i : to return an 
answer, ^^ {^J ^ 7a^ ooi 
t/wn ; to return to, ^ 
^zmi ; the returns of the 
population, ^ p j^ oo' 
/taw ch'-aak^ ; return passage 
ticket, [e] |g ^ ooi t'an 
•;j'iV; the return of the 



REV 



826 



REV 



year, ^ ^ san ch^uun ■ 
the return of the seasons, 
nn ^ :^^ 1^ S2e' /i^^'a^' 
fuuk kav(;. 

Reunite, •^^;® hop/aaw- 
maai, ^ ^ tsot' hop. 

Reveal, ^J ^ lv/»-shi\ 

Revel, pj ^g naau'-Vsai< ; 

to revel in the moonlight, 

harvest festival, ^ ^ 

sheung uet ; to revel 

among flowers, ^ if^ 

sheung fa. 

Revenge, ^g -f/^ ;?o'-ch'au, 
g 'fg swe^'-han'; to 
revenge one's self, ^^ g 



i-j 



B^^f/^ffc^'^'tsze^' 
iV sze ch'au. 
Revenue, ^ /bo^ngan, 

^ s/^Hi^ ngan ; revenue 
derived from land, fp ^ 
t'in s7;ia^; revenue derived 
from the ground, j^ ^ 
ti' shiii^; custom's revenue, 
^f^ Z:?m«n sMn^; Board 
of Revenue, ^^ oo' po*; 



Revenue Department or 
Treasury, J^^ /<?o^ fong ; 
Revenue Cruiser, ^ ^^ 
^ i5'fl;p sse shuen. 
Reverberation, [E] "^^ ooi- 



sAar, (sound) IpJlBj ye'^5' " 
hen II g. 
Revere, ^ ^ i/wm shuong, 
^ ^ shuung fcen/, ^ 
^ fuung' ]ceng\ ^ ^ 
keng^ waf; to revere the 
sacred truths heard there, 

kuung keng' shoh raun'* ke^ 
sheng^ to\ 
Reverence, f j^ ^hcung-keng^ ; 
to love and reverence our 
parents, ® # :^ # 



m 



keng^ oi' foo^ mo ; the 
Sages reverenced this 
heavenly teaching, ^ ^ 

® lit ?c a: ^^^^^' 

/re?z/7^ ts''ze tin to'. 
Reverend, (honourable) 
tnien., (elderly) y^ lo ; 
the Rev. Mr. Li ^ ^ 
0j^ Li rauuk sz&. 



REV 



327 



REV 



Reverie, :ffi A jp^ '•'''^'"^- 

yup-sba[i. 
Reverse, (the) ^^3 ^ ^^m- 

^] ^ 'lo-'^chnm ; to 

reverse a sentence, ^ ^ 

Vrwn o/m'; evil is the 

reverse of j^ood, ^, 55 ^ 

iB jR illi ^'^^ '"'^ ^^^'^^ 
seimg'faan'yei^t^evQvevie 

of a coin, U ^ ts'in 

Revert, ^^ kivai-faan. 

Review, Ijij ucb, fffi U| '/^««^^- 
uet, §f P'eng ; to review 
a book, ^^ P'eng shiie ; 
to review essays, |3p ^ 
^ P'eng mun cheiing ; to 
review troops, ^ ^ uet 

son 



Revile, |g^ im?:-mu, ^ 
g 'A:o??^-waai'; I reviled 
him to his face, ^'g^® 

miu' ma' ^k'ne ijat ch'eung. 
Eevise, j]^ gfc saihlcoi, ^ 
5|t sflM shuub. 



Revive, :^ {^ fnuk-Acn^, 
^^ imik-s/umg, ^E 
^sot'-wong', (the spirits) 

tr Si ^ W '^«-'^^"^- 

^sen//-slian. 
Revoke, ^§^ ^foan-jnn', ^ 
|gj chui-ooi, ^ ftti '. *• 
revoke a law, ^^I ch'ae 
lai' ; to revoke verbal 
evidence, g!C P 'S^ '^'^ 
"^Aat/ kuwif/. ^ 

Revolt, ^ fj^ pooi-voon , 

a revolt, 5^ B t'aan ortP. 
Revolting, g {^ ^*'''»- 

Revolution, ^ ''/wM, [bI ooi» 

(in a state) ^ F^^ 
Revolve,'g'g^tura'^-tum'- 

chuen\ fum-t^iini-^c/iM«», 
J;^ H. suen-'c/tuen, (in an 
orbit) ^^i^chau-chuen'; 
to revolve mentally, ^ 
jg^ /aau sze-, the earth 



revolves, i^ |# ti' c/iwen. 
Revolver, 5§igi#lin-waan- 

^s'.««i7, %\ ffi ^ ^^»'- 



mia'-siM . 



IIEY 



328 



RHY 



Reward, "^ ^ she wig, ^ ^^ 

" ^sheung-k'up,'^^^sheung- 

fs'ze, :Jg ^ /a-huung, 

W ^ sheung mat, ^ 

/«'' tse^ mat: to gain a 
reward, ^^ ^ ^a/*: 
'^sheu7ig; be rewarded my 
services, JB^^^jS 
^ "^k'ue '^sheung ngoh /:c 
Jcuung lo; to reward work 

men, :^ ^R X A '^^ 
''sheung kuung yan ; the 
good will be rewarded, ^ 

A M ^ K '^^"' y^'^ 

isrt«; sbau sheung ; a 
placard offering a reward, 
^ ij]^ ^sheung Hp^ \ 
public offer of a reward, 

fa huuug ; scale of rewards, 
W '^ ^shewig Icaak ; 
commend and reward, ^g 



kaam sheung. 

M, tsoi se. 



Rewrite, 

g fuukS. 
Reynard, ^J^ oo li. 



sze 
(U5 'm 



Rhapsodic, ^ ^ 

Shi ti, :^ ;ffi ^ 

sfizi?J^ lin ti. 
Rhapsody, :jj _^ k'wong 

mun. 
Rhetoric. ^ "^ ^2 'J^ shin 

in Jce' faat\ ^^:^M 



shin luun ke ^'li, pj yj* 



/iaw ts'oi. 
Rhetorician, 



> . , - f ^ ^ ± 

ehin pin ke sze , ^ ^T 

shin in c/te, ^ g^m 



shin luun cAe. 



Rheum, ^ t'aam ; yellow 
rheum, ^^ wong t'aam. 

Rheumatism J^ '^^ fuung- 
shup. 

Rhinoceros, J^'^ sat-ngau ; 
rhinoceros horn (supposed 
to detect poison) j^ -^ 
sax kolz . 

Rhubarb, ^ ^ taai -wong, 

^ M ^^°"^ leung. 
Rhyme, p-j- -^ hip -wun ; 
good rliyme, j{f ^ ^ 
/w ywm Inut ; to match 
rhymes with another pei'son, 
5j^ ^ >voh 5Ai ; rhymes 



RIB 



839 



lilC 



in the even tone, ^ yji 
p'ing •wun ; to make 
rhymts, ^§|^ a^P 'wun ; 
without rhvme or reason he 
sometimes loses his temper, 

km Jaat no hi loi ; 
rhyming dictionaries, ^^ 
^> wun sA?/^ ; oblique 
rhymes, i.e., rhymes in the 
deflected tones, jTC oM 
c^a/r *wun ; rhymes in 
successives lines, ^^ ^ ^ 
lin hue *wun : rhymes in 
alternate lines, ^ ^ y# 
kaan kue 'wun : rhymes 
alternarins: in successive 



! ^ hip lak ; the long, i.e., 
true ribs, •^ ^ clreung 
lak ; the short, false or 
floating ribs, ^ ^ ^tuen 
lak ; one rib, HJl (^ # 
lak t'iu ^Ji'?/^; the ribs 
(generally), gjffitfV^f* lak 
shaak kwiit ; a hen's rib, 
i.e.. useless, ^ ^ ^fl» 
lak ; umbrella rib {i.e., 
frame work), •^ "^ cA« 
A'z<'?</ ; the rib of a fan, 



ra *^ s^/» *w?<^ 



W. "^ 



kaak * 



wun 



lines, 

medial rhymes, ^ ttl ^ 
A" we chining *wun : words 
of same sound rhyming 
together in different tone, 

i^ S S Si «^«' ^'^^^^ 
tuung 'wun . 

Eib, Itjlak, ^^►^lak- 

shaak' -kicut, (ribs) §f *^ 

p'aai-A;u'u^ ; the ribs, '^ 



Ribaldry, ^ 
m\xx\-ch'au -hi\ 

Ribbon, ^ ^ sa:e-W. 

Rice, (hulled) ^ mai, 
(boiled) ^ faan , (growing) 
^ woh, (paddy) ^ ^/mi, 
(old man's) >f|| ^ noh - 
mai ; rice llour, -^ >^ 
mai fun ; rice cakes, ^ 
^^ mai 7'^"^ ; to eat rice, 
i.e., to eat a meal generally, 
-^ ^ shik faan ; the 
cover of a rice-boiler, ■^^ 
^^ faan k'oi ; to steam 
rice, ^ |g ^fAwe faan ; 



RIC 



330 



RIG 



to gro\f (plant) rice, j^ ^ 
chuung woh ; he does not 
know the price of rice, i.e., 
he is inexperienced, "(K 

PS 53J * p ^^'^« ''^^ 

cAt niai k(i. ; lie's not 
worth his 'rice' (we say 
'salt') -^-^^ shik shat 
^mai ; spilled the rice, i.e., 
spoiled the affair, -^j 7C 
to mai ; broken rice, y^ 
Yj^ "^mai ^tsai ; watei in 
which rice has been washed, 
^'/^y*}^ Snai l(om ^shui ; 
boil your rice, i.e., slander 

yo", ^ fS p^ tR ''^^'"^ 

ni ^e ""mai ; to buy rice, 
j^ /JC tik ^mai ; to sell 

ricf^, IM ^ ^'"*' '"^^^ ' 
red rice, gC^^ huung 
^wi/A; *'raai ; rice of the 
best quality, Jl Q iT^ 
sheung paak Snai ; rice 
(paddy) field, •^ gj woh 
t'in ; rice gruel, ^ chunk ; 
to boil rice to a thick gruel 
(congee), ^^ VO chunk ; 
thin rice grue!, ^^chuuk 



^t/um ; porridge of rice and 
pork, ^I^^ chue yuuk 
chunk; to stock a field 
with rice seedlings, ]^^ 
■^ ^^ shi t'in shi woh ; 
rice weevil, ^^ ^ "^naai 
ch'uung ; rice liqueur, *^ 
y^ ^ nch mai Hsau ; 
ordinary soft rice, %^ 4^ 
chi7n *no\ 
Rice-bird, ^^ 2^ woh-/a- 

tseuk . 
Rice-paper, '^^^tuung-'^chi; 
rice-paper pictures, ^ ^|^ 
2 t-imng ^chi wa ; (rice- 
paper plant) Fatsia Papy- 
rifcria, ^ M, t'uung ts'o. 
Rice-pounder, (a fly which 
has a wag -tail-like motion 
of the body when settled on 
anything, common in the 
bummer) ^ ^ 31 Hi 
chilling ''mai kuung kuung. 
Rich, ^J^ foo -hau , ^]^ 
foo -kwai , (man) ^ ^ 



ts'oi-*^c/iM5, or, ^ ^ -^ 



^ii 



ts'oi '^chue Ho ; the god of 
riches, gj jjj^ ta'oi shan, 



RID 



831 



RID 



or gJr^S.^ ts'oi paak 
seng Icuun ; riches, i.e., 
money will buy even the 
gods, i.e., every one has 

his price, ^pfi^jffiJP^ 
ts'oi ^hoh 'i t'uung sban ; 
lie who steals the household 
riches i.p., that thief of a 
cook, fjji] $ ^ t'ttu ha 
ts'oi ; rich and insipid, V^ 
y^ nuung taam ; richly 
spiced, ^ *^ hcunfi 
nuung ; a rich flavour, '^ 
^^ nuung mi ; rich strong 
wine, "^ ^^ nuung ^tsau. 

Riches, Bf ^ ts*oi-paak. 

Rickety, ^^ j^ ^ i-i-yimlc. 

Rid, IgJ tsuet-V^[^ 
lut-hiu ; to rid of care, ^ 
((^fong" sum, f^^ ^kaai 
lue ; to rid of trouble, ^ 
H^ f i/«f naan ; to get 
rid of, :^^ tah t'uei ; to 
rid of moss, ^ ^' ch'ue 
t'oi. 

Riddle, (sieve) |^ sAat, 
(puzzle) ^^ /»fli, (ask a) 
tX #1 — '^-mat-ya^ :f]" 



"i' -j^ /a- A;oo- fo«t, ^^ 
D^ ''la- mai; he gave me 
a riddle to guess, fg i^ 
ilS^^Kffi'k'ue^toW* 



7r/ro/i Si":oh /rflfl. 



Riddled with, M#tr^ 



r/a?/' ^toan 



Vc/ Snoon sAa?i ; the vessel's 
funnel is riddled with shofc 
and Phell. ^"^^M 

chelc^ sbuen wi Pining ts'uea 
s/irtn wai^ V/7rt« Hsze faau 
^shoh ^taan io ch'iien 



ma 



Jaan 



coat quite riddled 
%siLh bullets, ^ '^ j^ 

kin' wai ^siu Uaan '^t€ 
ch'-uen. 
Ride, g| k'e, 5| sheng; 
to ride a horse, ^ ^ k'e 
'ma, ^ :^ ,t!^ Jt i=lieng 
tsoi' "^ma sheung^ to ride 
in a (sedan) chair, ^ ^ 
'ts'oh Vrtw ; to ride in a 
carriage, ^ ^ "^ta'chi 



RID 



SS2 



RIG 



ch^e ; to rida in a ricksha, 
:^^ff 'ts'oh ch'e Hsai ■ 
to ride at anchor, ^ ^Q 
waan pok ; the vessels rides 
at anchor, ^ % ^ 
shuen /i^aa/i naau ; to ride 

out u gale, 3^ JSL P^ ^ 

^ ^15 taai'' fuun^ ch^ui 
'm t'liet naau. 

^iJge, ^^ I'in-tsek , (in a 
field) :j^ lek ; the ridge 
of a hill, (Jj 5^ shaan 
isek , jjj ^ shaan pooi ; 
the ridgu-seam on a Chinese 
shoe, 1^ ^ hai leung ; 
good luck on raising the 
ridge-pole, ± # :^ ^ 
^shenng leung taai kut ; 
ridge-pole, )^^ ^ leung 
tselc ; no back-bone, »'.«., on 
moral courage, ^ -H ^ 
*p* Sno wjfl^ fe^A; kivut. 

Hidicule, p^ ^ chami-siu , 

hi -siu , (an object 
of) ^ ;j^ Si« -^jm^ ; to 



fall into ridicule, S| ^L 



c . 3 

van yan stu 



Ridiculous, "pT ^^ ''hoh-siu . 



ma 



ei 



hok 



A 



Riding-jacket, ^ffi 

Riding-master, M 
kaau k'e sze. 

Riding-school, i^, 
k'e *"/too«. 

Rifled, (grooved) 
yup-'^lau. 

Right, ^ cheuk, J^ cheng , 
2[j ^ '^poon-'^tang, (side) 
^ yau'; right hand, ;;;j^ 
-^ yau '^shau ; a right 
angle, [^ ^ chik A;o7; ; 
a right line, g j|J chik 
shv'; all right, quite right, 

0^ Pfjl ^ig^'-'^^ sciar'; on 
the right, ^ ;^ ^^ taoi' 
yau' ^;i« ; his work is all 

right, tE ^ ffi: X ^ 

^k'ue hop tso"* kuung foo ; 
he is all right, JE 9* "f* 
*^k'ue shan ''tatB 



"^t'oh ^«^^ everything is. 



RIN 



S3S 



RIP 



all right, <t #^^ It 
sze' sze'' ^t'oh tony ; ia the 
right, '^ ^ ^ hop to 
^li, ^ cheulc : to put to 

/b??y' ^foh tong . 
Righteous, ^g i . 
Rigid, in ngaang , >[|| kang ; 

rigid with cold, )^ JlJ ^ 

tuung^ to^ ngaang^; a rigid 

teacher, ^ ^^ iin sze ; 

rigid laws, j^ '^TlJ im lai\ 
Rigmarole, if?:f^ \van^ shuef. 
Rigorous, ^ ^ im- kan, ^^ 

j^ .sA?/»i-iin. 
Rill, >J^Jg* 's.// hoh, /J>;g 

«n/ k'ai, ■j^R kaan^. 
Rim, 



c uen-jn'n : the rim 
of a cap. i^ p| j!;ooi hou. 
Ring, ^ waan, (finger) jg 
:Jja kaav-'^chi, (to) U[p] 
'Aew»/7, (a bell) :fj-g 'to- 
chuwig ; ring-finger, ^^ 



fcT 



15, C , . 

mo meng chv. 



Ring-leader, Jg g t'au 

muuk, ^ ^ t'au yan. 
Ringlet, /J> 3^ S»w waan. 



Rintr-worm, 3^ 6»n ; to get 

ring- worm, ^ ^ *Art»^ 

sm ; red ring-worm, *£ 

^fffl^i lumng wan huet 

67/? ; a leprous patch, ^ 

f^ i^ A'um ta'in s»/l 

Ringlets, — ^^^^ y*^^' ^^-^" 

Riuse, BgH /^n^; rinse it 

clean, J^ |£ {^ V"''"^' 

kohn tseng', or d}^ g^ ^ 

long kohn tseng'; to rinse 

the mouth, ^ p »aii^ 

hau. 

Kiot, J[^ luen'-naau', ^ 
Ja. naau^-sze ; there was a 
roit of considerable dimen- 
sions, :^-.j^^}^^^ 

:j§ van yat taai tong yau 
/S2^ iu ; a formidable riot, 

:^ ^ -^ •© *^^ai' uaau' 
t/a^ ch'eung. 

Rip open, ^ij ^ Pong-hoi. 

Ripe, ^ shuuk ; ripened on 

the tree, i^] _t. S& «/'«e* 

sheung' shuuii ; ripe fruit, 

i^ ^ ^ shuuk shang 

kwoh ; ripe corn, 



EIS 



334 



RIS 



shuuk kinik ; the fruit is 
over-ripe, llt M >^ St 
^ts'ze %woh i'aav' sliuuk ; as 
ripe (onr ' ruddy ') as a 
cherry, f JL $p [jj ;ffi ^^ 
shuuk ue sharoi cha t'o ; a 
ripe scholar, '|§:^;^i' 
paau hok Z-^e^ sze\ 
Ripen, -^f^ cheung shuuk, 

Ripple, JJgr 7;o^-*mun -^ 
iSi ^SL shiiijioh raun ^ 
*^s/«« mun. 



Rise 



2^ 'si 



leung, 



7«", 



heng-^hi, (get up) 
^ %i-shan, ^ sheng, 
^ /a??ff, ^1^ faat' taat, 
i ^ *^sheung taat, ^ 
tsang, j^ cheung ; the flood 
is rising, ^ '/^ "^sAza 
cheung^; to rise in price, 
^^ ^ i^san^ /i^a ; the 
vapour rises, ;5jcS_t JJ* 
SA2« /n'^ Sheung sheng ; 
the river is rising, |^ ^C 
*^ i^ hoh 's/iwi cheung 
^hi ; the tide rises, ^ *J^ 
'sAui ch'iu ^cheung ; 



stocks are rising, BQ?"^ 
^ '^koo fun' ^cheung ka^; 
sun-rise, Q HJ yat ch^uut, 

yat Sheung; to rise in 
rebellion, ^-^^^ fsok^yaati, 
i^f^isok'i^oon\fj^^^ 
poon"* yik ; the rise and fall 
of a country, H:^^|j^ 
ktvok ke hcng paai'; rise 
and fall in prices, {|j ^^ 
^ t% ka ke' 'hi fit'; the 
rise and fall in office, ^^ 
1^ sheng kong'; the rise of 
an affair, ^^^^^ sze' 
ke' kan yau ; rise (i.e., 
source) of a river, ^pT y^ 
;^ hoh ke' uen ; to give 
rise to, gj; cAt^ ^J^\^p^ 
shoh H '^yau, ^ ;^ /roo' 
*^yau; rise in office, |^ ^ 
sheng koon, j^[5t ^^o sheng. 

Rising, (i.e., rebellion) ^^^ 
tsok luen'; rising and at 
rest, ^^ ^hi hue. 

Risk. U^ 'him, (to) :^ ;/oo;i^ 
at his risk, 'S^:fl':g;$f^ 






RIT 



835 



lilV 



ngoi szu' kwai ^k'ue ; to run 
a risk, ^ |^ liang ^him^ 

B? C^ '"° ''"'" ' ^° '^"'^^ 



tin 



pin 



ones life, 
meng ; to risk one s pro- 
perty, ^j; g ^ pin^ lea 
ip ; at the risk of his life, 

Wl^'^Z^ ^0 seno' 
meng' ke* him ; wiHing to 
risk h'fe and lirab, ^ ^ 

fl' ^ ii& "^'"' ^^ ^'^^'''^ '^^^ 

/m« ; to risk one's 'all,' 
^ip j^^ p'ooit' k'uung ; to 
risk death in doing it, i^ 

^ ^ t^k Z*'^*"*^ *^^^^ ^"'^^ 
tso . 

^lai-mun ; funeral rites, ^ 
jjg so>?(7 'lai, gljjjffi ^'so//,,;' 
'lai; the Board of Kites, jjjg 
^ lai po^ oflBce of Eites 
(in a Yamen) jjj® ^ "^lai 
fong ; tlie three Books of 

^ i 'lai, and jjg fg 'lai 
Tc% ; hence, in the Book of 
Eites, it is said, jjj® Q' 
Lai net. 



Rival, ^v} ^ /ia^*t'au. 
Rivalry, ;;|»j]^ seung ehaang; 

bitter rivalry, ^ ^ /<?• 

chaartg. 
Rive, :^gj ;;<«A^lit, (a) j^ 

Si tMu-lit, (IJ,^P t'iu- 

lit-^'Aaw. 
River, ^ hoh, (a) (^ ^ 

t'iu-hoh, ^ J^ t'ia-/;o?i^, 

(Canton river is called sea) 

a river montli, j^lj" pj hoh 
hau\ river water, ^p]" ^rf^ 
hoh shui; up the river, ^ 
I , lioh sheung ; down the 
river, ^ ~J\ hoh ha ; a 
river source, ^ ^ hoh 
uen ; the source of the river 
Hoang Ho, ^ yjfS sen^ uen; 
the course of a river, j^pT 

hoh to yiz^ taai' shoh lau 
/ce s/izu; tributary of a 
river, ^|^r]* clii hoh; river- 

basin, p^i 2c ?Rr ;2: Nb 

foo' kan hoh ke^ i?; the 
god of the yellow river, ^ 
fQ hoh paak', Inspector of 



ROA 



336 



ROA 



Biver Police, (Canton) Jpf 
f ft jS/j- boh paak' ^shoh ; 
Intendant General of Rivers, 
i.e., of inland waters, J^^ 

lioh to . 

Rivet, (to) ft$jj^ c/nien'- 

tmg-'m\, (mend) ^QJ |^ 

'ma-faan, (a) ^ B^' f j 

leung-t'au-^(?w^ : to rivet a 

broken bowl, ^j ij^ /^/^^ 

oon ; to rivet his attention, 

^ tS ^ S J'"-?' '1^'"^ 

lau » ; to rivet iron plates 
together, ^jJ^^^li ^''"i' 
rtiaai t^it paai}. 
Rivulet, ;^ /c'ai, ^y^p] 'siu- \ 
^^h, [Jj f^ shaan-haang. \ 
Roach, S^ -^ Ss'nnn-ne. I 
Road, ig lor(high-) g «g I 
/:<?o;i-Io\ -^ g taai' to\ 
5|^ ^ t'liung kaai; to 
make a road, ^^ "^cA^nr/ 
lo^ to lepair a road, ^^^ 
po W; on the right road 
to fortune, ^MnitJrM 
tsim^ •tsim hang ho wun^ 



tsim^ ^stw 



on the road to prosperity, 

mm g i 

faat' taat ; on the road, 

I*, lo sheiing^ a level 
road, 2p i^ p^gng lo'; a 
royal road, |j|p jg ue' to\ 
ftSS ne' lo'; by the road- 
side, ^^ lo' fin ; cross- 
roads, -f^:^^^ shap tsze* 
lo ; a fork in a road, pM 
3^ Jg Aot cZ/Vi lo'; the 
meeting of three roads, ^ 
§^ 5S P saflwj cA'a lo' 
hau. 

Roam, »|tt ya-i. 

Roar, P^ Artfl-?/, Pj^ A«r/m\ 
(of thunder) ^ ^ g" 
kwang - ktir/ng - sheng, (of 
water) yJJ^ p'aang jt?am\ 

(COL.) j^g^gp'op-p'op- 
sheng. 
Roast, 'j^ shiii, (in ashes) 
ij^ <?ot ; roast goose, *jg}|| 
shiu ngoh ; a roasted pig, 
'J^ ^ 5^1" c>^we; roast 

be^'' ')^ ^ 0^ S'^*" ngau 
yuuk ; to roast over a char- 
coal fire, j^^ faajv' ooi; 



ROC 



337 



KOL 



00% 

to roast in the 
c, 



to roast brown, ^ 
nuung ; 

embers, \^»X.^ '^^ ^^^^'' 

ooi. 
Rob, i^t ^Ig ta^enng-i\xQi. 
Robber. ^ *ts'aak. 
Robe, ^ p'o. 
Robust. ^|t ge ^<^^ong\ ^ 

^ chong^-V\n , 
Roc, JJI p'aang. 
lock, ^ ^ p'oon-shek, 

H^ ^ ^ taai^-shek-t'aib 

(to) ^^f^ 'leung->/i- 
c 

Rock-fish, 5 ^ ^ Bhek- 
kau-kuung. 

Rocket, (a) — ;j$ ® ^ 
ijat-dd- hi- foh, (falling)^ 
ft ^'i ^^ Vcat^-luung-^o^- 
ti\ (a, to be caught) ^ 
^ ^'fla«'-t'au, -^ jjg /«- 

Rocking-chair, ^^^ /i/wA;- i. 
Rock-salt, ^ ^ shek im. 

Rock-work, '(g 5 Ui ^^^" 
shek-s/iaan. 



Rocky, ]^^ ts'aam ngaam, 

^0^ shek ^t; a rocky pre- 
cipice, ^^ shek ngaam. 

Rod, ^ A'o/i//, ^ ku'un^^ 
^ fnnng; tlie rod of iron 
^^ ^i/!' t'iu : to give the 
rod to the child, W -^ 
chaak' tsze. 

Rodomontade, ^^ '^ '^inong 
in, ^ HJ ^'zrrt hav. 



Roe, (female deer) j§b£ yaii, 
J^# lank mo, (fish-) ^ 
|:^ ue-ch'inni. 

Rogu6' ,^ f? ts'aak- /sai, 
^fJ--laan^W,;|g^^ 
A:«7/n t'o, >J> ^^ \«n< 
ts'aak. 

Roguery, ^g^;^^ ^''^'"'^^ 
t'o A'e^ 6ze\ 

Roll, (to) 1^ luuk, (up) {^ 
;^ A?<c?i-maai, (as water) 
^ Acu'M/i, (a) ^ kueii; 
to roll together and to un- 
roll, j^ ^ kuen shue ; 
roll it together, |g ^ 
^uen maai ; i^ ^ ^ 



ROL 



338 



ROM 



kum hi loi ; a roll of cloth, 

— ■ ^ 1S y^^ *^^"^'^ P^^' 
a roll of paper, — ^^ 

yat hmi ^chi; a hot roll, 
^<J^'ii'l^ it siu ir.aan 
t'au ; a roll call, J^ ^ 
^»w mens: ; the roll (i.e. 
register of names), ig ^ 
meng po ; when the roll was 
called, f j^ ig ;^ 11$ 'tim 
meng chi shi ; to roll a ball, 
J^ 35|^ ?«/w'c k'au ; to roll 
the ground smooth, jj^ ^ 
luulc nai ; to roll ink, (in 
printing), i[^g hwJcmnk; 
to fall rolling over, ^{^ ^ 
ill} hade lok ti'; to roll to 
and fro, i.e., to rock, ^j^^lv 

to roll with the feet, ^ J^) 
^^ pi keuk^ luulc ; a game 
of rolling cash or coppers, 
•1!^^ Zww/i; ngau ; roll the 
blinds up, ^ ^ B^ V|S 
7«/en hi cheung lim ; to roll 
the eyes about, ^^ [JE 
^chuen *^ngaan ; to throw the 
embroidered ball, i.e., to 



choose a husband, i|^ 
^ /;'flf«^ s^?? k'au ; the 
ball rolls, ^||^ k'au luuk; 
the ship rolls, ^ ^^ '^ 
Jl ^i ^ shuen tsoi^ '^hoi 
sheung^ iu hniJc ; to roll 
between the fingers, ^^W^ 
ts'oh noli ; to roll incense 
sticks, ^3^ ts'^oh heung ; 
to roll out tlie dough, &^ 
li ^ ^ /5'o^ hoi min' 
^fun; capital must be kept 
rolling, ItilS'SS *^s'oi 
uen ^k^ivim k'-ivim. 
Roller, ^ cZiiVi, ^ luuk, 
a stone roller, ^'^ shek- 
kiv^un; the roller of a map, 

^tM^W\ ^^ t'o ^^' 

chunk ; rollers (i.e., heavy 

waves at sea) ^ "J^ taai 

long\ 
Rollicking, ^-^ faan- tau. 
Rolling-pin, ^^|_^ ngaan- 

min -kwun . 
Roman Catholic, ^ ^ ^f 

T'in- chue-kaau ; a romau 

I W ^ ^'"^ ^"''^ P^ * 
Romantic, ^ :^'J 7/we-waan . 



.J 



ROO 



339 



ROO 



Rome, j^ [^ IiOh-*ma ; to go | 
over to Home, ^ |g ^ 
ffSr yup loh ma kaau ; in i 
Rome do as the Romans do, j 

jup heung ts'ui tsuuk, yup 
S//f// tsMii irnnn. ' 

Boof, ^'fl" \\Zf^-*pom\ g 
^ uuh-pooi , ^^ nga 
niin , (of the mouth) _£_ i 
n^ shenng -ngok ; to roof, 
S5® ^-'ot^ ^iga min'; 
tliis house is roofed with 

slate. ^ligMfflS® 

^^ ?2i Z:<i«» j/j//^ yuung^ 

shek paan k^oi^ min'. 
Rook, to (i.e., to cheat) ^ 

Room, ^ *fong, )|^ ^-^/z^r, 
(space) i^-^ u-fong, ^ 
*teng; a httle room, J^ 
^ fong '(sat, yJ^ i^ ;^ 

si« ti fong; no room for 
hope,,^n]- 1^^^ mo 

Ao/j mong ch'ue ; next 
room, pg ^ /;w/:' fong; 
dining room, ^^ /.?'a«n 
fong ; bed room, ^ 



/mm' fong ; a library, 
^ s/"^<? fong ; drawing 
room, ^ ^ //rtfl/f' /'fln^, 

A ^ M J^" ^««^' 
fong: spare room, pj]'^ 
haan fong ; this room is 

oconpied, PJgfrg,'^^A 
-^ ni kaan fong yau yan 
chue'; in the room of, ^^ 
toi'; my private room, ^ 
J4 §^ J^ ngoh S2e Art 
fong ; no room : "^i^-j^ 
mo ti-" fong, ^-^ mo wai\ 
Roost, ^ j^ kai-ts'ai, (to) 
^pL //i(/// ; a roost for birds, 

nin ta'ai chi ke shue^; the 
birds are roosting, ^ ^^ 
^^j^ /s^m/;;' niu ts^ai sik. 
Root, ^'j^ kan, (and branch) 
-4^ ^^ ;7oo;?-moot, (and 
rise) ^ |(g loi-lik; the 
root of a tree, ^^^ shue' 
kan : lily roots, ^ la lin 



ngau ; sugared lily roots, 
US 1^ t'oug ngau ; pull it 
up by the roots, ^^^^ 
2JJ pat /i« /^a/i /oon; love 



ROS 



340 



ROU 



of money is the root of all 

oi' ts'oi naai woh kg' kan ; 
to take root, to strike root, 
^%^ffiloktiVa«^' 

kan, ^ J J^ WS ^-^^"^ 
sbat lie ti ; the roots of a 
vigorous tree strike deep, 

chong^ sliue'' ke kan shum 
yup ti ha ; to root up or 
out, :^ pat, ^ ch'ue, ^ 
;|S hue^ kan; the pendent 
aerial roots of the banian, 

banian beard). 

Rootlet, ^ k'eung. 

Rope, $3g *sheng, ^ laam', 
(a) j^. $11 t'iu-*sheng ; a 
bamboo rope, 4^|'r| chunk 
laam"*; to make rope, :^ 
^^ ta laam''; to give him 
rope enough, J^ ^gt Ig 
fo)ig tsuung *^k'ue. 

Rose, J^^^ moo\-hvai - 
fa, (monthly) ^ ^^ uet- 
kwai , (quarterly) plj ^& 
^ sze'-kwax -ch'uun; the 



dog rose, ^ j| Jg t'ong 
aangfa; a prickly rose, ^j 

Rose-apple, ^ ^ S p'o- 

t'o- kwoh. 
Rose- wood, :^^yj\; /■a-*li- 

muuk. 
Rosin, ;j^ ^ ts'uung-Aew»^. 
Rot, (dry) ^^ M foo-'ko, 



(damp) ^ mooi. 



Rotten, ^ 'j;^ mooi-laan , 
(putrid) Jif )^ foo^laan', 
(worm-eaten) $^'W|| chue - 
laan , 

Rotate, j|^ ^ luun-c/mcn'; 
retire by rotation annually, 

nin luun lau ko Pui ; 
rotatory motion, jffimj 
luun tuung . 

Rouge, gg 1^ chi-fun, 
^g in-chi. 

Rough, ^ ^s'o, mi haai, ^ 
n§ lak-tak; rough hand- 
writing, •^y'^ '^shauts'o; 
coarse and rough, ){^^ DS|i 
^s'o-haai ; a rough draft or 
first copy, !^^ ^s'o Ao ,- 



ROU 



S41 



ROW 



aronghdaj, tlSLH^ 
ia fming yut t^ze; a rough 
sea, *]^ -^ long taai\ 
Round, m uen, |g % [f, 
t'uin-t'uui-Aw«, (turn) ^ 
chuen\ ^* IfJ j^^ t'uni- 
Vwm-chuen ; a round sum, 

® 5R ^K ffli ts'ai t'au 
ngan .s/w''; a round sum, 

tsuHiig sho^; all round, ^ 
^ chdu wai ; tlie whole 
round of a life, — ■ ^ ijat 
shang ; the whole year 
round, ^ ^ rhau nin ; 
round about, ^^ ^ 52e 
ch^ite^, ^ ^ see wai ; 
kindly come round to Bee 

/s'pn^ Si lai kin ngoh ; to 
walk round, TlM-^lM:. 
hang i;ro/i^ A'o/:' shice ; to 
turn round, ^ ^ cAtW 
t'au, [e] Jg ooi L'au ; to 
roll round in the hand, :^ 
1^ ts^oh uen ; to fire three 
rounds, JJiHPlR] W f^ng 
mam heu/ig p^aau . 

23 



Rouse, |g^ tik-%, fj-fl 
^ta-'seng, (urge)gj;|| Aoo- 
^mo ; to rouse to fight, ^ 
P^ /<:j)t tdii' ; to rouse a 
rebellion, ^|^ ^'^i^ /(/an. 

Rout, ^ASUK rhuung'- 
yan-luen -tsue\ ^I -^ 
luen - tsau, ^ ^ pam 
Ysrru; (to) 1^ (]^ paai' 
chan , ^ ^ ta pttai\ 

Route, ;t! 1^ to'-Io'. 



Routine, fWi^ kwaan^-Jcvig, 

sheung kUcai, ^'i^ paan^ 
faat ; the daily routine of 

^ork, QBmf&s:x 

^c yat yat shoh tso /cfl' 

kuung foo. 
Rove, 5^ yau, ^ J^ haan 

yau, ^ j^ Awe^ k'lvaang . 
Rover, ^ ^ yau- shau. 
Row, (rank) g hong, J]] 

laat ; plant them in open 

rows, M?A —M M 
chiiung hoi yat laat laat ; 
arranged in five rows, ;^b 

^1 3l ll P'aai lit 'ng 
liong ; the trees are in rows, 



ROY 



342 



RUB 



#i n^n Bhue^ lit 

shing honoj ; a row of 
houses, — j^.M^M 
^K yat t'iu link ue seiing 
lin. 
Row, (disturbance) ^ ^ 
i\&au-Bze\ ng H^ ts'o 

chaang ; he kicked up a row 
with his master about his 
wages, lE^Bi^A 

Ji — mMfM.^ 

k'ue ue tuung chue wai^ 
yau kuung yat sze"* sew/2/7 
chaang hi lai. 

Row, (to) ^ chaau , row 
ashore, ^ i§ JB chaau^ 
maai t'au ; row across the 
river, ^ J^ fS chaau' 
kwoJi hoi ; row-harder, 
jjH ^ ;^ chHiut lik 
chaau . 

Rowdy, g :^ !^-t'o. 

Row-lock, ^ Jjp '^«eMn^- 

Royal, S 3E '^^'^^^ ^0"?' 
1p wong, ^ ue ; the 

royal law, |g E # Sf 



ch'iu t'eng luut faat ; a 
Princess royal, y^ ^^ 
hmvg chue; a royal couple, 

5M3iS— A ^^"^ 

C 3 .J 

ue wong hau i yan ; a 
royal salute, f^^§'^ 
ch'iu paai kuan wong ; 
royal authority, gig';^ 
1^ wong tot' A^e k'uen ; 
members of the Royal 
family, ^^Z^X 
wong tai ke ts^a?i yan ; a 
royal palace, — ^'§*i^ 
pat tsoh kuung tin^, ^ ^ 
wong tin ; royal residence, 
i^ wong kuung ; royal 
assent, ^^^ yum ^chuun. 

Royalty, ^ ^ wong to ; 
emblems of royalty, fjft]^ 
ue mat ; (a tax or money 
payment) |g ^J || po' 
kaau ngan. 

■^"^' "IM c^^**' 1^ ts'aat , 



moh-ts^aat , (the hands) 
'^ noh-soh ; to rub 
with wax and polish, jj^ 
^^ /s'aa^ laap ; to rub 
down ink, ^^ naoh mak; 



RUD 



343 



RUI 



to rob on paint, (a3 native 
painters do) :|^ y^ noh 
*jan ; wash and rub, ^ 
.t'7» moot'; to rub off, 
^ -^ moot' hue^; to rub 
along, — g ^ ^ yat^ 
chek tso"* hne^; to rub up, 
(polisli, brighten) f^ ^fc 
ts'aat' ktrnncf; to rub with 

ts^aat' chi. 
Rubbish, ^i^ /"^i^-raat. ^^ 

j^ laaii'-iiai. ^^ laap- 

saap\ \^^^ faai chai 

'ye. 
Rubble, ^ ^ maan-ahek. 

liaby, |l jf ;5" hnung-po- 
shek. 

Rudd, SM W ts*uun-ue. 

Rudder, j|-:£ t'oh. ^^ 't'aai. 

Rude, ft ts^o, ^ jf 'mo- 
'^a»' iR 5^ >-t-/u.^, :g 
^'lo- mong; a rude abode, 

M '§ ^ S ^^'^ 'lo ^»' 
WM^; rude work, j^ JQ 

c/iwtf^ kuung; rude language, 

7^ ^ fc'o wa^ a rude 

winter, J^^ im tuung. 



Rudiment, ^\ p'ooi, ^]} 
P^ ch'oh-t%o -ke , (of learn- 
•^o) /J> ^^ 5iM-hok ; 
rudiments of grammar, ^ 
^^<Jl^ mnn faat cA'oA 
kaai ; to teach the rudi- 
ments, ^ ^ k'ai mung. 

Rue, (to) »[^ /boi\ (a plant) 
^ ^ ch'aii'- ts'o. 

Rueful, ^ 1^ /7flt -a»'. 

Ruffian, ^ ^ huung-Vo. 

Ruffle, ,|g ^ ^«^w'-maai. 

Rug, (hearth-) j^ p ^ lo- 
hau-chiyi. 

Rugged, jll^Jill /r't-'i'w^, ^ 
P^ lak-k"ak, ^^& ngaam- 
ts'aam. 

Ruin, '^^ p'oh -paai', ^ 
Ijt pang-^^^?,^ ^ paai'- 
waai'; some one has tried 

to ruin me, ^ A S^ W 
^ yau yau yuuk hoi' 
ngoh ; trade is ruined, Bj^ 
W i^l ihang % waai ; to 
ruin a reputation, Jjj[ i^ 
paai' meng. 



HUM 



344 



BUN 



Kale, jg ^ k'wai-'kue, ^ 
g faat'-io\ (to) <g 
%on-^li, (paper) ^ % 
kaart' -svt' ', the rule of a 
country, ^^Ij Icivok' chai^; 
rules of a school, |]| ^ 
*^Jcoon k'u'ai; the rule of a 
family, ^ jg^ A-a ching ; 
to rule the empire, ^ ^ 
~p chi^ i'in ha^• to rule 
^oow chi'. 



over, ^ ^p- 

Euler, ^^ 'chue-'tsoi, ^ 
/^ man rauuk, ^J^ yan 
muuk, ^ g]g muuk sze; 
(an instrument) [j^ J^ 
Jcaan-ch'ek'; the tailor's 

'foot' rule, igf^H P'^^^ 
ts'in c^'e/c^ the mason's 
foot rule, M ffi H ^^^" 
puwig ch'ek\ 

Kiim. M ti^ S ^^''^ '^''P 

Wu; (strange) 1^^^ 
'koo 'lo yeung', -^g Vcoo 
JtM/aai', 1^*3^06^ 'f^oo shik 
ti. 



Kumble. U hivang, (coL.) 
SSfe t'um-t'um-s^m*7; 
the rumble of thunder, ^ 
^k lui kwang. 

Ruminate, ^ ^ faan-'^ts'o, 
>KS y«^"^-"g^*^' (reflect) 
^OSS 'um-sze-sze, ^ 
^ ffi^ ^ fsoi^ saam sze 

tok. 
Eummage,;i^:ji^^cAflflw-V'an, 

Rumour, '/g Jg^ stt<-si7:, ^ 
^ fuwig-shing, ^ ^ 
lau-/iiw»// ; rumour says 
that, ^ ^ yan chuen ; 
rumours got about that, ^^ 
A'fti^ V^yaiichuea' 

Rump, ^ ^^ *^mi-A;fln, J^ 
8i *H* Vi-luung-/j?^'i^^ 

Rumple, §|ch'aau, ,^Rg 
ff^ ch'aau-mfl!?i^-W2flw^. 

Run, ^ Vsaw, ^^ V'aau- 
^^5«M, ^ ;^ pun Hsau; 
(as water) ;^ lau ; (off) 
^ i»S ^/sflw-lo'; I ran to 
hiBhelp, Jg^*B91g 
^ngoh *^isaM Awe^ choh^ k'ue. 



RUN 



S45 



RUN 



to run aji^roand, 

kok^ tsHn; rirers run into 

the sea, ^^ '^ AM ^'^^ 
lau yup ^hoi; the bill has 
thirty days to run, ]jJQ ^ 

taan haan^ saam shap yat 
kaau ntran ; the waves run 
^'gb, \% -^ long' taai'; 
it has rained three days 
running, — ^^^ i^ 
^ l/at lin saam yat lok 
ue ; I ran short of pens and 

ngoh yuung"* uen chi put; 
to fight cocks and run {i.e., 
race) dogs, |IIJ || ^ ^ 
iau' kai tsaii kau; in the 
long run, ^J |g to' ^tai ; 
a run of good luck, ^S ^ 

fi'^Z^ ««' ^«^ '^0 

ts^oi k^ sze^; the letter 
runs, itf^'jg^ ti''Z& sunn 
uet.; to run a race, f^ ^ 
taii' fsaii; to run off, ^ 
^ /.?a?{ t^uet'x to ran into, 
j^ ^ tsau ynp ; a run on 
the bank, [RjlStTBZffi 



heung^ ngan hong ^^s'wt 
ngan ; run to an enormous 

cheung^ k'i s/mn ; run to 
seed, J^ ^ /ti^ chuwig; 
don't run into debt, I§^ 
^A.^ 'm ho hint* yan 
ts'in ; to run after, ^ ^g 
kan mi ; to run out (expire) 
^ ^ "^moon k'i ; to run 
over, (overflow) »^tt|5R 
lau chUiut lai ; run up, (a 

flag) |>S )S -'^'"'^ '^^' tt 
cAV "^/n'; to run into 

tsuun koiig hau,- to run 
wild, ^ ^ faan .<:Aan^. 

Runner, (official) y^^ < »"^- 
eh^aai; Yaraen runners, ^j 
f ^ ^ '^ ^ nga moon 
ch'aai yik f«n^. 

Running, ^ *^^saM, )/)^ lau ; 
running water, *^ |^ ^ 
^ lau tuung^ ke^ '^shui, ^ 
•^ oot ''shui; running 
expenses, H!^ ffi 9 
yat yuung ke shai fai , 



port, m 



KUS 



346 



SAB 



F|1 '^ ^ yat chuung 

'shaifai, j^ ;^ 5 
tok yat ke^ fai^. 

Running-band, [^ ^^ Pso- 
shue, [^ ^ 'ts'o tsze . 

Running-knot, 'y^^\^ lo- 
shue- i. 

Rupture, (See Hernia), (to) 
^ lit; the rupture of a 
blood vessel, jIlL^^§J 
huet ''koon p^oh chai^; rup- 
ture between two nations, 

HI @ ^ ^ i^ '^"^'''^^^ i'^^ 
"woh. 

Rural, f 15 ^ heung.% ^gf 
T\ heung- ha; the rural 
population, g tif ^ ^ 
^ ^ ^i^e ^s'Mcn lok ke 
mun yan. 

Ruse, =1^ =-j* kwai kai , ^-C 

Rush, (to) yr}l ^ ch'uung- 
tat ; rushing on like a hen 
in a fit, ^ ^ ^ chuung 
wan kai. 

Rushes, j)^ i^ ]^ tang-sum- 
%\ (mat-^) 1^ ^ :^ 
haam-'^sAwt- ^s'o. 



Russia, ^||i;|li g Ngoh- 
\o\i-sze-kivok^ . 

Eust, ^ saz<\ (to) ^ ^ 
shang-sau^; door hinges get 
rusty, P^ ^ ^ ^ moon 
ytaaw' sAaw^ saii; to be 
rusty, (i.e., out of practice) 

^ © 4 SS i^"^' ^^^ 
shang shoh. 

Rustic, ^Ijj ~\\ heung- ha. 

Rusticate, ^ ^^ km-heung. 

Rustling, '^ '^ ^ sAfl- 

sha-sheng^ sa-sa-sheng, s6- 

B0-«7/f>?^. 

Rut, |i|l ^ kivai-io^y 
|U[ ch'e-ch'it'. 

Rye, ^ mak, yJ^ ^ 
mak, ^>g^ ^ ts'o mak, /j\ 
^ ^ sin min' mak. 

I^yot> ;S ^ nuung/oo. 



Sabbath, ^ ,8> 9 Ohn-sik- 
yat ; to keep the Sabbath, 

yat ; to break the Sabbath, 
i]L^M,Q fs^SLu" ohn sik 
yat. 



siu- 



SAC 



847 



SAC 



Sable, (fur) ^ t{i & ^*«*- 

Sack, H nong, ;^ •toi', (to) 
^ gC kip-Uuumj; the 
troops sacked this city, j[S| 

/i ping kip' leak '^/s'2e shing; 
his misconduct will cause 
him to ' get the sack,' ^g 

^ ^ k'ue 'm Ao hang 
wai pit ling k'ue pi^ AaaA;'. 

Sacking, ^* 'Q /Jo' jt^^az/. 

Sack-cloth, 7§. fg ^ /s'(j- 
mvk-po ; to wear sack-cloth, 

^ cS K <"^'"^« V«i«m^ 
ma. 
Sacrament, ^ ^ /?/a^ Bhai , 

lai ; the sacrament of 
baptism, ]J^ jjjj 'sai 'lai ; 
to receive the sacrament of 
baptism, || ^ j® 'Hng 

sa\ lai ; 
baptism, 

lai. 



to administer 
shi ^sai 



Sacred, 39 shing^ ; sacred edict 
or command, ^ijjg shing 
luun^ a sacred book, ^^ 
1^ shing^ king. 

Sacrifice, ^ )ji|J /5fli'-tsze^ 
sacrificial {jrajer, (burned 
after recital) ^ ^ /sat' 
mun; sacrificial .scroll, I hung 
over a coffin) ^ "^^ tsat 
chuuk ; sacrificial oblation 
on behalf of the dead, ^ 
^ tsai^ yan; Commissary 
of sacrifices, '^jjlE^lS 
^ tsaC tsze' kuung ying 
koon ; to sacrifice at the 
tombs, ^ ^J paat shaan ,- 
to offer sacrifices to Heaven, 

sacrifice to implore bless- 

ings, ^ SE ^ Si /^«»' 
tsze' k'au /"uwA; ; (to part 
with) :|^ 'sA^ :^ p'oon\ 
ijt H jD'o(7n'-kuung ; to 
sacrifice one's self, :^ ^ 
''she shan ; to make a 
sacrifice for the good of 

others, :f^ S § A '«^^ 



SAB 



348 



SAF 



ki yik yan ; to sacrifice 
one's life, :f^ ^ kuen 
ming\ 
Sacrificial, ^ D^ /sf/i' rt; 
sacrificial court, ^Jjj^*^^ 
^'rtflt sheungtsze^; sacrificial 
ox, ^^ ^^ Az ngau ; sacri- 
ficial implements, ^ ]]j|J 

SSjlH '*^*^ ''^^^ ^"^ miog; 
sacrificial paper, y]Q ^ 

uen Vo, :^ Ig ^ft hum 

ngaii ^f^i, |];\^ ^cAt ts'in ; 

village sacrificial temple, 

Tcaan isai' ''ts'o kg' miu ; 
sacrificial meat, ^ iiilp^ 
j^ -^ /srtt sban ke yuuk 
shik ; sacrificial dress, :^ 

lai fuuk. 
Sacristan, ^ jj^ ^ ^ ^ 

A'oo/i ''lai pacti' t'ong cA?. 

Sad, ^^ p^ yaw-moon^ -^ 

J5i;flt'-a.\ (how!) p]"'!^ 

AoA-lin, p]" >j^ '^hoh-sik, 

^i^ 3^ ^'^ ^*^°' ^^^ news, 

liJ;Sf^\& pioisiusik; 



sad countenance, 5^ ^ 
sbau yuung ; a sad story, 

ke* koo sze\ a sad business, 
P^l iflp himng sze . 
Saddle, g^ oA;z, ,^ ^ 'ma- 

Safe, jj^ *^ '^ican-toncf, ^ 

'^ \^o\^•tong\ g ^ 

;/-rtn-cban'; tbe invoice and 

bill of lading bave arrived 

here safelv, <^ || ^rf flg 

7;<?»^ tsoi chi i ^o t'oh 
fo/i(7 ; far from safe ^^X^ 
^' B^ sham 'm li-a/i 
cban^; all arrived safely, 

to lai p'ing oAn i. 
Safe, (for meat) ^j^ fuung- 
/an^, (an irou) ^ ;j;g iJ'zY - 
seung, ^ ^ ^ ^^^Z 



maan seung, fe 
ri^ /:«^j(? maan . 
Safe-gnard, ^^ ^ Z ^ 
fong 00 A;e sze"*; the fire- 
engine is a safe-guard 



SAG 



349 



SAK 



against fire, tJC 4^ 75 BSF 

^S A "& '■''''"*' ^-^'^ '"*'" 
fong h\ kue ya. 

Safflower, (colour) ^^, ^X /<^- 

huung. 
Saffron, ^X i,^ 7£ hnnng- 

laara-/;/, ^ ^X 7^ A'«» 

huung fa. 
Sagacious, f^ j^j iing.]i . 

Sage, (a) gg \ shinr/^-ym, 
the sage Kings (Yao and 
Shuun) S0 ^ shing^ wong; 
the Four Sages, {i.e., the 
two Kings with Chow 
Kuung and Confucious) ^^ 
3£ sze^ shijig^ ; the early 
10 koo shing , 
7 i sin in ; the later 
sages, >^ ^ hau"* shiiig^; 
the Temple of Sages, ^ 
^S .s/it>?^^ miu'; sage and 
wise men, ^'^ shing in; 
(herb) ^^ 1^ loi-*lo'- 
ch'a,^5^ g ^ r»«v7- 
A:;ro/t -ch'a. 

Sago, IJ? ^ TJC sha-kuuk- 
mai, ^StR ^'^'^ ™^i' 



sages. ^ 



Said, (the) ^ /rfli; the said 
money, ^ ® ^'>» ngan ; 
the said man, ^ ^ ^ot 
yan ; it is said, 7f j /^ fj 
^yau yan wa^ I said, ^|^ 
^ *^ngoh wa^ he said 

nothing, tE fl tti ^ 
^k'ue Sno ch'unt shing. 
Sail, g 'li, Ip/L faan, (to) ^ 
^ hang-shuen, j^ S/ifl», 
S J3. 'shai-fuimg, (set-) 

Vi'e-'li ; to take a sail, p^ 
ijj^ hoi "^11 ; to shorten sail, 

g ||]g lok ^fl» se % ~p 
ijlljl ha' ^li ; to strike sail, 

.-S'^STt'lA^i^tia^/"- 
Sail-cloth, |J/[^ ^ faan j70 . 

Sailing-ship, Ip/^ ^fl faaa 
shuer., H ^ &S wai 
p'aang shuen. 

Sailor, ;jJC ^ \<;hui-^shmc. 

Sake of, J^ ^vaiMa^yat 
wai ; this god is worshipped 
for the sake of posterity, 

yan j^arti ^ts^ze shan ^i k'aa 



SAL 



360 



SAL 



^tsze tsze ; for your sake, 

kai ; fof the sake of gain, 

for the sake of posterity, 
^^ -^ ^ wai ^tsze siien. 

Salacious, ^ '^kaau. 

Salad, ^ ^ f^hmig-ts'oi ; 
salad oil, -^ ^ y^ shang 
ts'oi yan, t'^y^ ^laam yau. 

Salary, -^ jj^ y/^?/;?v-lu"k ; 
a fine salary, fe ^ iiau 
luuk ; 3|^ -yk s«/i Vi?a 
(lit., fuel and water), _3l 
^^ liuung hum, ( a 
teacher's) |^ ^ sau-lcum. 

Sale, ^ ^2jfE ^--1-"' rfi ^ 
stM-lo"", (for) [j[j ^ ch'uut- 
maai , (auction) [|j :^ 
cA'^^M^t'au, (deed of) ^ 
^'«i , Vj^ 1^ Cheung -¥ ai ; 
ready for sale, ^ 
maai ; no sale for, 

.5 



maai 'm talc; always 
on hand for sale, '^^ Kj 
^ sheung ^yau cA'^^w^ 
maai ; a forced sale, ES ^ 
k'eung maai\ 



maai 



wong- 



Salesman, ^ "^ -^ 

/oA^ ^shau. 
Salient, {5l [ii 5^ tat cA'mm? 

lai. 
Saline, ^^^1^ jau im mi\ 
Salisbury seeds, ^ 3£ paak- 

'^ku'oh. 

Saliva, fH^fC ''h^^^- shui, 
in. 

Sallow, g =^ Q Q 

wong-paak-paak ; a sallow 
face, ^ |F[f min^ wong. 

Sally, ^ {^ ''tsau-ch^uut. 

Salmon, ]^ ^ "^ ma- yau 
ue. 

Saloon, g '^ /wayt^-t'ong ; 

1st saloon, g| ^ jjg ft 

t'au ton^ shuen wai^; 2nd 

saloon, H^^^C 

tang shuen wai^ 

Salt, ^ im, (salted) ||^ 
haam, (Epsom) ;^J» J^^ 
p'-oic'-sm, (to) ^^ »p ; rock 
salt, ^^ shek im ; baked 
salt ground-nuts, '^i^'^ 
i\l haam ^shui fa shang ; 
salted and sun-dried cab- 
haam ts^oi*; 



SAL 



851 



SAL 



salt fish, ^ ^ linam ue ; 
salt mine, g^ gg ira 
Tiwong ; salt iimibli, l||i|([2 
haam t'in. 

Saltpetre, j^ 1^ haam-sw<, 
T^ sin ; foreign saltpetre, 
f^T^fl yeung siu; saltpetre 
(lep6t, ^fl )^ .sm cA'o;?^. 

Salts, ,Wj ^ l^a 'ma nga 
siu, or ^ ^'i^* inong siu. 

Salubrious, vS ^pfl wan-vfoh, 
jfn^ woh p'ing, ^§ 

J^ A :S' Va" y*'^^ ^'^ 
yan shan ; a salubrious 

climate, ^^^-^ ± 
p'ing woh «e'' sAwi Vo, 

Salubrity, iff ^J^l ^'O- 'hid 

'■to. 
Salutary, ^t :^ 1I§5 ^^^ong 

shanti, UilgllfiJ > 
huet^ hi^ ti ; to have a 
salutary effect, jfjp ^ /ca 

Salutation, ^ ifl§ hang ^lai, 

^ JfiM ^*^^' ^*' ' bows are 
given by way of salutation, 



-yj^ tim fau naai ts'cng 
ohn ke^ lai ya. 
Salute, (to) 1^^ ts'ing-ohriy 

(a) JjiS 'ifl 'iai-;/^^?^'; to 
fire a salute, "jj -^ ^^ 
fong^ holi^ ])^aau\ or 'J^ 
^ jKfQ s/«'u hoh^ 2)''aau'; 
all constables will salute 
the Heads of Government 
departments, ^\MWi 

ch'aai yau siii shi lai u« 
nga moon ke koon cheung ; 
to salute by knocking the 
head on the ground, p|J 
^ k'-aiH' t'au ; to salute by 
putting the hand to the 
head, fip "j^ k'aii' '^shau; 
to salute with folded hands 
to the forehead, ^ ;^ 
kuung kuen ; to salute one 

another, S ^ffi tl lH °o' 
5tfu»^ hang lai ; salute by 
bowing with half-closed 

hands,^ ;tS ^W tS tffl 

^^ /a<Mn^ shau tsok* 
kuen shi lai. 



I 



SAM 



852 



SAM 



Salvage, * [^ Og |fc shui 

19 :^ #1 y^" '/"^^ ^""' 

ooi ^e"* mat. 
Salvation. ^ l(nu\ i^^faJc- 
Tcau\ ^ j^ kaic' -faat' ; 
the salvation of the soul, 

K 2^ ;2 Ife l"^S ^an 
ke* kau'; the salvation of 
sinners, >^ ^ ^ haii' 
tsui^ van ; Clirist is our 
salvation, ^§75S2 
>^ »^ 7a ^z<w^ naai ngoh 
kt kau^ fant ; eternal sal- 
vation, ^ >|c^ Ving kau\ 
Salve, ^'^J^^ ^o-yeuk-liu', 
s/i^ tuuk yeuk, 
^ kaau^ choh': (to) 

>^ [B] i«u^ ooi, -j^ lei 

^s'Mf ooi ; in order to 
salve the cargo, l^^l"^ 
^ i kau^ foh' mat. 
Same, |q| t'unng, — i^ 
yat yeung', |^ — ^ 
t'uung ya^ yeung ; same as 
before, ^ -^ » kau^ ; 
make the same as the 
pattern, fl^^ ^ ^ cAm' 






yeung tso^; the same sur- 
name, |^Ji4 t'uung sw^i'; 
fellow graduates of the same 
year, |^ ^ t'uung nin; 
the same as, "^ "U^ ho 
""ts'ze : of the same class, 
1^^ t'uung lui''; brothers 
born of the same mother, 
ISjBa^l^ t'uung /;«aM 
Txiag tai ; the same in every 
particular, "(g — llfl^ |^ 
fffi^ *^k'ue yatti t'uung sa^% 
all the same, ^ |^ kaai 
t'uung ; practically the same, 

tl i ^ ?»J '^° ^^^^ 
fun pit. 

Sampan, /]>» g^ Sim ^t'eng, 
^ i^ sartm faan. 

Sample, t^ -^ yeung^-^^s0», 
^ *paan^ like the sample 
enclosed, fl^^-ffp^l^JV^ 
i — ■ ^ f/«V 



W 



suun^ noi^ ""sAoA Arao;?' ke^ 
foh* ^j^eian yat yeung'; goods 
not up to sample, '^yf^^ 
^ foh^ pat tui' paan ; a 
sample of tea, ^j^ ch'a 



SAN 



353 



SAT 



paan ; samples of hard 

wood, '^ '^ fM ^^^^^ 

muuk paan. 
Sanctify, ^ ^ tsok^-shvig\ 

^^ 8hing-s/»'«/. 
Sanction, ^"^ chum. 
Sanctnarr, |g 0f f^hing^ 

^Jrtai' sheung^ ^rtt' ke^ ti 

Sand, JJ;^ sha. 

Sandals, (grass-) !M|^ ''s'o- 

baai, n^s 1^ ma haai. 
Sandal-wood, (common) ;j^ 

^ t'aan-//eu7?^ ; Santalum 

Album, |^^5[ paak t'aan ; 

Santalum Myrtifolium, ^ 

i^ wong t'aan. 
Sand-stone, G|^ ^ lai^-shek. 
Sandwich Islands, ^ ^ 1 1[ 

T^aan-heimg-shaan. 
Sane, i(j) ^ sum meng, /\]^> 

^j[2 S2/"t chong^. 
Sanguine, i\]2*]^'^ az/m-buung, 

j^^ ij^ n^ mmAwwmg-Tie . 
Sanity, ^ ^ tsie -tsoi . 



Sap, 'j^l- chup, jg V«>, ;JC 

s/ju» ; bamboo sap (used 

as a febrifuge) ^ ]^ 

chunk hk; (to undermine) 

Sapan-wood, ^ yj^ .w-mnnk. 

Sajiindus, (Miikorossi) ^ii^^ 
jj^j mo-*waan'-sbuc^ y|^ 
jk^^ munk-**waan'; Sapindus 
seeds (used for beads in 
rosaries) /fcf,^, -^ muuk 



*waau^ ^tsse. 



lire, "^ 3i ^*'t"y-yuuk. 
Sarcasm, ^^ ^j] ki is'ze?. 
Sarcastic, ^1®. ki-fuung^. 
Sarcenet )||pJ ^ ch'au-ling, 

(for fans) i|i^^,{5 ^chi-kue}i\ 

(for lanterns) ;^' sha. 
Sarcophagus, ^ ^]^ shek 

koon. 
Sardine, J^J^^-^^ sha '^tsing 

ue, p^ v|? Vs?Yi s/irtt. 
Sarsaparilla, ^^ fuuk-ling. 
Sash, ;^ taai\ ^% Jg ^ 

/oo'-t'au-/fla»', j^ 

toai'; window sash, 

ch^ewig ka'. 

:5 <: 



I Satchel, ^ ff toi 



Ysa». 






SAT 



S54 



SAU 



Satellite, yJ^ ^ siu sinq, 
I^J^ ts'uung yan, ;g^^ 
ts'uung chp. 

Satiated, y^ ^^ moon soi. 

Satin. |g •tuen', (native) /\ 
^^ ilR i'^a/'-^^^-nnen^ 
silk and satin, ^^ |g 
ch'an *tuen''; plain satin, 
^^^ so^ •tnen'; change- 
able eatin, ^ j|^ shim 
•tuen^; striped satin, MjJ 

{•^ IS '1=^" t^^ *^"e"^ 

crimaon satin, ^ jj|^ ^^ 

IS "S^ ^^^^ *^^ "tuen"'; 
Mandarin satin, '^^ jj^ -jiS 
AoM^ /(?(? *tnen\ 
Satire, ^| j^jj ki-ts'ze ; to 
satirize in verse, /f^ g^ 

IS Si] A '^^-^^ shi fuung' 
ts'zg' yan. 
Satisfied, |^^ im^-tsuuk, >|^^ 
J^ sum-tsuuk, ^^ ^</i - 
iaw'; I am now safeisfied, 

^ ^li> .& ^ ^^go^ *"^ 
sa'A i ; to satisfy the mind, 

iBI M ^ll^ S 'nioon k'i 

5MWI i ^ ; to satisfy the 

passioDB, ^J^ K ^> til 



si'i k'i no^ ts'ing ; the 
craving is satisfied, j[^ |g^ 
kwoh' yan ; in order to 
satisfy a craving, l/X IP 
If 'i 'chi Van. 
Saturate, "^ ^^ tsum -Pati'. 



Saturday, |^ ^ ^r> lai- 

joaatt'*-lunk. 
Saturn, (planet) JH^ ^"^" 

st>j^, ^flS ^ horn ch'ue 
nau. 
Sauce, ^ fspwig ; dip in the 

sauce, p/i ^^ tim tseung^\ 

sauce dioh, ^y^-^ shi' 

yau tip. 
Sauce-pan, Yg po, 7^ ^ ;^ 

ffi ^ i^ y^"°& *^»* 

ch'euug Z'^^J,^/"* tHi' po. 
Saucer, ^ ;g| ch'a-*tip, ^ 

^ ch'a-*shuen. 
Saucv, ^'["g .^m^-maan\ #fr 

ijw ugo^-maan^, f ]/ J^ s/ia- 

chan i> K ^^ its «^^« 
ch'an wan *t? . 



Saunter, f^ ^^ haan-yaa. 
Sausage, ^ j^ chue' 

•ch'eung, (dried) ^ j^ 

laap-*ch'eung. 



SAV 



355 



SAY 



Savage, ^ maan, (a) ^f A 

ye-yaii, /|r ^: shcuwij- 

fcinn ; savat^o beasts, |^ 

.^ ye thaic'; the lion is 

a very savn£re animal, ^jj^ 

sing shuiii'* ye ^ch^aan ; 
in a savage state, ^ ^f 
•^ mo /frt-au /}r^; a Pavage 

yan A:e^ hang \v;ii ; savage 

cruelty, g5j^;2 6 ok> 
huung ke' ktk. 

Save, ^ /raw', i^;^ 'cA't>?/7- 

A:au\ ^ ts'ucn, (gain) ||; 

chaan"*; he wished to save 

his mother's life, j^ §V 

5^15^ Vue yuuk kau' 

mo ming'; to save the 
world, i^ jy^ Icaic' shai^; 
to save time, -i^ g^ -^ 

shaang shi hau'; to save 
trouble, -^"^ shaang sze'; 
saved my going, -^"{g^ 
-^ shaang tak ngoh Awe^; 
will save you the bother of 
talking, "^^f3*,tTit 

>w UK Us '^'^'^ ™*^ ^^ 



hang to^ ^e' «•««'« naan ; 
all left save one. i^ A 

/wA;^ yan kaai hue' ^chi 'yau 

ya^ yan mi^ hiie^. 
Saviour, 5|fe jll: ^ A'aii'- 

shai^- chup. 
Savour, X^ jfj mi'-to\ 
Saw, (a) ^ ^ ^pa-hvp^, (to) 

;jgi|g laM-kue\ |g /'?/^^ 

tlie teeth of a saw, 



/CMC chx. 



Saw-dust, /t^^ mnwV-hoyig, 
Saw-mill, ^ ;JC )^ 'k2ai- 

mnuk- ch'ong. 
Saxifrage, ^^^ %-^foo- 

i, ^ J|[^ ^ shek 00 5fl'». 
Say, ^ wa', (a saying) |S 

ue ; be it as you say, |Jf 

have no say in this matter, 

ift * 7r> * ft illfir 

ts'se sze^ jofl^ yau ngoh 'i 
luun^; just as \ say it, H3 

fe - « 19; IS '1'"^' 

ngoh ya/ jeang' sAj^i?^ wa'; 

somebody says, ^ A Ift 

yau yan shuet'; I have 



SCA 



866 



SCA 



something to say to you, 

*yau sze^ wa^ ni chi ; that 
is to say, ||] ^ tsik hai'; 



to say a lesson, '"^ ■= 
nhn' shue, ^ ^ pooi" 



shue : you can say so, 
^ :?R. ^ \n ^kong tak 

hue'; to say prayers, 0f 
j^ k'i '^t'o; such a book 

says, ^ # ^ 5* ''^^^ 
5/«/e yau wan ; what ahaU 

I eay, ^p, ^ P/^ '^m 

Scab, -^ ^ faai-'im. 
Scabbard, JJ gj io-}iok\ 
Scaffold, ^g: ^ taap-*ka\ 

ha\ to put up scaffolding, 
taa^? p'aang, :^ 
^ao/; p'aang ka ; to 
take down scaffolding, ~[\ 
^ ha' p'aang, ^ flB 
clvaak' p'aang ; scaffold 

builders, :^ ^1 ^ ^^°P 
p'aang lo. 
Scald, ^ luuk. 



Scale, (series) ^ j^ "^/aw^- 
7c'wj(7, (comparative) ^^ ^ 
^;'oo?i -/aa^ ; on a large scale, 
^ -^ kivong taai , ^ 
■^ Aoi taai ; the scale of 
a map, Ifj pg ;2: K. 

ts'-uen^ hang ; the scale of 
sampan charges, /j^j^|^ 
^ ^ 5"^ '^t'eng ka ts'in 
frzaw; a small scale or steel- 
yard (for weighing money) 
^^ |p4 li *tang ; music 
scale, ^1 ;^ ngok /c«aZ:\ 

'H''t^ yum A;aa/i; ; to scale 
a lish, -^ ^ /iz<« luun ; 
scaling-ladder, .^ i^ ^ 

S S 1^ -?^^"^ ^^"^ ^^^°& 
ki ke Vui. 

Scales, (for weigliing) ^^ 

i'»n-p'ing ; (of fishes) ^^ 

ue-luun. 
Scalliwag, Pg ^ gg B ® 

'm shing hi tuung sai; 

he's a regular scalliwag, 

naai kek pun kwan t'o. 



SCA 



367 



SCA 



Jcalj, (in flakcB) — jr ^ 

yat-pHn -p*in . 

cheiwg , >^^|; ^ A:u'an t'o. 
iScamper, <^ ;^ /««» ^som, 

scan, 1^ ^ sai ch'aat ; to 
scan ail over, 0^ gQ ^j 



^t^ai t'au /'at mi. 



ch^au- 



Scandal, (a) 
Bze , (to talk) 
kong-i\\\ -fi. 
Scandalized, ^ ^^ kin 

ch'-au. 

Scandalous, ^ ch'-au, % 

1^ hoi -ts'eng, (abusive) 

^ waai -meng ; he got up 

a scandalous story about 

^fj^^ 'k'ue 5Aa«^ 
o/m paak tso'' p''ong ' in oo 
^ngoh meng ; owing to his 
scandalous behaviour, [Q 

j hang wai jtja^ tuen. 
Scanty, ^ ^ j;-|li fAa«^'- 
•cAaaA;'-*ti ; scanty wages, 
2i 



1L ^ ^ knung ngan 
^ skill ; scant of words, ^B^ 
■^n^ /rwa in /i ; a scanty 

supply, i'^^f^^^^^^ sAo* 
yuung . 

Scar, J^ han, ^fl 2E ^^"' 
/s»A; ; the scar of a wound, 
^ ^ theung han ; the 
scar of his wound is still 

visible, fiM^ni^^ 
hoh kin k'ue shenng han. 

Scarce, Zp-'^ hohn-'^yaxi, ^ 
^ hi- Jwhn, ^ shiu. 

Scarcely, ■jl^ kan ; scarcely 
enough, fH -^ ^ ^kan 
kaii' shai ; scarcely able 
to meet the daily expenses, 

tup ; there is scarcely, 
y^ kan yau. 
Scare, ^ ^|b haak -shai^; 
have you been scared by a 
ghost, fjj ^ ^ fl? 'ni 
kin kivai me ; scared me, 

# S. ^ ^««^' '^'«» 

ngoh ; gave me such, a 
scare, ^^ — ■ @fc kaak^ 
ngoh yat t%u . 



I 



SCA 



358 



SCE 



sgg 



Scarecrow, ^ ^ /iu« ^en^. 

Scarf, ^|^% rfj ch'eung-jjo/l' - 
A;an, (join on) ^ pok'- a 
chair - bearer's shoulder - 
Bcarf, ^g^fjl iaa2) poTc 
Jean. 

Scarification, Jj; j]^ ;2! I 

fong huet ke^ sze 
Scarificator, Jj^ jfj^ ji^^' 

/<?«^^ huet' ki hi\ 
Scarifier, ^ jfn ^ fong^ 

huet' che. 
Scarify, ^ j|[[ /b;?^' /iwe^'. 
Scarlet, ^ ^X taai^-huung, 

^ fX ^^'»^'' huung, :Jg 

^J [^ A-^ huung shik ; 

scarlet fever, ^T ffe ^ 

huung it cheng^', scarlet 

turnip-radish, ^X |f ^ 

huung loh paak. 
Scatheless, ^^D^ nio hoi 

ti. 
Scatter, ^ P^ scan^-hoi; 

the family is scattered or 

died out, ^ ^ A tr 

^a saatv* yan mong ; scat- 
tered to the four winds. 



fong ; to scatter paper- 
clothes (burned) for the 
dead, ^ ^ saan tsaap ; 
scattered thoughts, ^ ^IP^ 

seung ; flowers are scattered 
along the road, -^ :J:g g^ 
^M ^ ^5^?^n^ fa sze' 
5ar/» ve lo ; to scatter nee 
on the bridal chair, i.e., to 
feed the souls of those de- 
ceased, ^ ^ saat "^mai 
to scatter corn on the 
ground, lUiJjP^j:-^ saat' 
kuuk lie iV. 
Scattered, ^ ^ sing- 
Scavenger, (street) ^f^J so 
kaai, -^ }§ j^ Vo-laap- 
saap\ "JQ y^ Ig t'o ska 
lo, (house-) f^j^ 'to- shi, 
ehii]) shi *'lo, 



-saan 



•^ shi koh, or 



sAt 



kwai. 



saan 



•> c 



wong sze 



Scene, -^ ^ /rcn^-tseung' ; l| 
the scene of war, ^^ J^ 
cA»n' ch'eung ; a charming 
scene of nature, -^ ^ ^ 
Ao 'Aen^ tseung^; a sad 



SCE 



359 



8CH 



^A 



scene, '=^ /^mM^^ 
ling' jan naan holni ke^ sze'; 
the scene of military opera- 
tions, ^ Hfe ;S :Hb ^aau 
chin ke ti ; the scene of 
the robbery, j^ jjj] Z^ 
ts'-eiing mat k$ $hue . 
Scenery, ^ ^keng, ^4 -j^ 
Wr shaan shiii king, J^ 



I Sceptre, -^ ktvai, (a ladle- 



^ fuung keng ; beautiful 






.3 C. 

mi keng ; 



scenery, ; 
fine scenery, '^ -^ haai 
keng. 
Scent, ^ ^ I'Cimg-hi , 



/ifu??^, (to) ^H pi -mnn, 
fl^ cA'rtu ; a camel scents 
water a lone: way off, ,E^^ 

lok t'oh hoh ch'axi' uea 
fong ke ^shui; the scent of 
flowers, :J£ ;2 # /« ^e' 
heung : a scent bag, ^^ 
heung toi'; the scent is 
noticed, ^ ^:^ ^ k'i 
A» /j'o/t'' pi . 

Scented capers, (tea) ^ ^ 
^^ cAue-Iaan-ch'a. 

Sceptical, ^ ^ ^oA-i. 



ue-t 



shaped) ^j; ^ 
king's sceptre, ^ ^ ;^ 
•^ wong c//e /:e /ru-ai,- 
the sceptre of a marquis, 
'(^ ;^ 5J«/;i' A'Jt'fli; the 



sceptre of a duke, 
con kivai. 
Schedule, J^ ch'aak' ^ ;^ 
/J> ^ lai' /;«' sm '^foon, 

m B ^^H t'iu iruuk 
kaak^ shik taan, ^ ^ IJ. 
/oh' mat frM7?. 

Scheme, ^ ^ ^at -mau ; 
artful scheming, |^f-|^ 
^^/^;«» ^'at'* ^(//i; to form a- 
scheme, g^ ^ c/i'iY' A:at'; 
to scheme after gain, ^ 
T^lJ t'o li^ to scheme after 
fame, [g] ig t'o meng. 

Schism, ^ p^ /u;i-moon. 

Scholar, ^ ^ hok-sAaa;?^, 
dW S a. 'uuk-^Az/e-yan, 
P^ ^ moon i/ia<zn^, ^ 
ue, ^ :^ hok t'o; a 
scholar after the style of 
the superior man, ^ -^ 
-^ Aru'urj ^sz« ue ; a cele- 



SCH 



360 



SCI 



"kaai 
chut 



■ brated scholar, ~/r'^ taai 
ue, i^'^ meng ue, or ^ 
'^ sunk ue ; an indigent 
scholar, ^ '^ hohn ue ; 
a thorough scholar, j^ ■^ 
Vuiing ue ; a retired scholar, 
[^ -f- va» Bze^; a brain- 
less scholar, ^^-?* *^?<^ 

Scholiast, ^ ^ 
sAi^c ''che, gj^ 

School, §^ «^«c- Aeon, ^ 
^ hok- koon, ^^ hok 
fong ; to opt^n a school, g^ 
.^ cA't/ kctau', 
ch'it' cheiing^, or 
7{0» ^'0071 ; private school, 
^i^ cA?^en /;oon ; public 
school, ^^^f]g ktvek^ 
ka shiie koon, or ^^^ i' 
hok ; a bojs' school, fi 
^ naam ''koon; girls' 
school, ;^ ^ cue A:<?on; 
to enter school, ^ ^ 
tsxtun* koon ; school-boy, 
^•^ hok t'uung ; school- 
fees, ^ ^ shue kum ; to 



keep a school, ^^ kaau^ 
hok ; to keep a day school, 

a night school, ^ "^^ ye' 
koon ; at school, ^ ■§§ 
^ tsoi ATOon tuuk 






to leave school, 



c. 



li koon ; to close school 
for holidays, i.e., "break 

°p." H II ;K jg i"»* 

School-fellow, ^ ^ sAwe- 



School-master, -^ ^ 5m- 
«Ai:/j^, (mistress) -^ grB 

Science, ^ hok ; natural 

science, 5e?<s^^;S: 

^ Hn in ^aaA"* mat Z;e 
hok ; science of medicine, 
^^ ^ » hok ; science of 
astronomy, ^ ^ ^ ^'m 
mun hok ; the science of 
numbers, |^ ^ 5^0^ hok. 
Scissors, ^ 'm ■ haau'- tsin ; 
Jailor's scissors, ^ ;^ "^ 
ts'oi i tsin; to cut the 
cloth with scissors, ^ ^t 



SCO 



361 



SCO 



W W ^ yuung^ kaau" 

tain (sin po ; scissora are 

made of steel, Jg ^ TJ 



kaau tsin naai 



koriff tso^ shing; water- 
scissors, (a water-fly found 
on the surface of running 

pools) ^ §^ ^ '«^i«» 
kami^ tsin. 

Scoff, ^4^ ki-siu ; he BCofTa 

, at Christianity, j^^^f^. 
IPSli 'k'ue siu mo ye 
5t) kaau'. 

Scold, ^ naau'; will not 
bear scolding, P§- "^ ^' 
^ 'm ''Jiang shau^ ma ; to 
Bcold one another, j^ M 
seiing ma ; he scolds the 
house coolie, fS^jH^ 
Jg k'ue ma koJi ^koon 
tim^; a scolding (i.e. long- 
tongued) wife, ^^^ 

' ch'eung shit *"foo ; to scold 
at one, ^ ^ ma yan. 

^Scolding, \^ V^ hm-lut, 
(a) ^ — ^ n&m.yat- 



ch'eung. 



Scoop, (to) ;^ tvaa^\ to- 
scoop out, g^l [fj 1^ hueii 
th'mit lai, Jig [tj Jt'artP 

Scope, ;^ ^ taai -i\ 

Scorbutic, ^ JJIl. ^ ^^^^ 
huet ehmg , ^ "^ ^^ 
sAa?jy yau Zai\ 

Scorch, ^ /a»M, >j;^ nMM)ijr» 

and face scorched, ».e., ex- 
posed to great hardships, 

ngaak ; dry as a scorched 
scab, i.e., withered, ^'/^ 
^ tsiu pa kohn; th« 
scorched crust of rice left 
at the bottom of the riee- 
boiler, |^ ^ faan' Uiu ; 
scorched, burned in roasting, 
j^ jlv^ s^"" nuung. 
Score, ^ -f- i' shap, ^n 
account or a debt) ^ Q 
cheung muuk ; on the score 
of, ;® y(in wai^ to 
score, :JtIESu ^^^ ^"^ ^<>'i 



^ 



SCO 



362 



SCR 



on the score of friend-ship 
1&%Z^ ^^' Van ke^ 

jScorn, ^ 4^ hing-m2kKi\\ 

^miu-shi'; he made me an 
object of scorn to all, '[^'^ 

A S^ f® Jfe '^'^'^ ^^"^' 
yan tsuun' mo Sgoh. 

Scorpion, ^ ^ fuung-hie, 
^ ^ '=^*'»^'^ ch'uung, ^ 
_^ *"mi ch'uung. 

Scoundrel, -^ :^^ hvong- 
TiU'un , ^^^ a:?^'1^71 ^f?<^' ; 
he is a thorough - paced 
scoundrel, '(gTirlE — Wt 
:^ k'ue naai cheng yat 
kumn t'o, 

Scour, VS |£ fi^ t'o4-(?/^;2- 
tseng , 0^ '^shaang ; to 
scour the floor, :^ jJj^ ^ 
;JJJ fc'rtai ti^ t*oi ^paan; 
to Bcour bright, j^ -^ 
moA kicong, or ^^ ^ 
^shaang kwong. 

■Scourge, ^ pin, ,^, waan\ 
(? i'oi, JS woh^ (to) J^ 



M 



im 



?^tr 



^i ^;m to, 

'ch'uung chaak. 
Scout, (disdain) |g^ I 

7t»\ (to spy) §^\f\\ chong- 

'ha. 
Sco\y1, ^ ^ naii-shik, j^ 

^ ^saw^-mi, ));^ ^W 

nuung ^hi min\ 
Scraggy, -jg ttj »fl* sAaw'- 

ch'uiit-kiciit. 
Scramble, ^ jUg k'um-p'a,. 

•^ K is SArm-p'a-p'a; 

to scramble up a rock, jC^- 
[" .^ p'a Sheung shek ; 

to scramble for, P^j;|^ fau^ 

^ts'eiotg. §[B)( luen ''is^ue.> 
Scrap, ^ sju^ a scrap of 

paper, — yj> ^ |^ y«^ 

S»w /aat^ chi ; a scrap of 

poetry, ^. ^ ^ ki kue 

shi; a scrap book, ^(j^ ^^ 

kin' /;e' po', or J^ ^ ^ 
^soh sze' luuk. 
Scrape, (to) ^]\ ktvaat , |5jJ 
^ hcaaf-snik ,- scrape till 

it is thin, §f5lj^ ^"'^* 
/c' pok ; could not make it 



SCR 



?6 8 



SCR 



up even if I scra[)ed my 
bonc3, ft^l] fj- H J;ifl s^uJi 
"•lit naan t'in ; to scrape 

■ off, ^]\ ^ kiraat' hue*; to 
get into a scrape, ^ H^ 
lok naan. 

k:raper, ^\\^ Jcicaat' ^paan, 
4^1J 'taickn'aat\ ^]]JJ 
kwaat^ tOf =g]] §g; hvaat^ 
hi\ ^ -)^Jl p'ing '^paan ; a 
mud-scraper, '^^ ^ij nai 

!>cratch, ^^ Sra, ^u-^, ^ 
nqaau, ^^j^ ^chaau- ica, 
:}^ SO; scratch one's face, 
i.e., reputation, ^^ 'f^ ^ 
'^wa laan^ min'; to scratch 
and tear, i.e., strugofle for 
dear life, ^ ^ t& W. 
p'a p'a iva ^ira ; to scratch 
out letters, ^ij ^ kwaat - 
t8ze\ 

Scrawl, ^ :fg \Yaak-/r/ 
Scream i ^^^ ^ 

creech | 

i® S?. tt^ ko-sheng-kiu\ 
scream for iielp, |1^>|^ foo 
kau^; the scream of a tiger, 



^ pffl /oo t3*o ; a loud 
scream, -^ n^ ^ taai 
haani' ^foo. 

Screen, ^ J|][^ p'ing-Z'z^oj^', 
flg *lim, (to) >g g c/..- 
ko\^, ^ l|l^ lim Miok ; a 
folding screen, {^^ kaak 
shin ; to screen from the 
sun, JggggcAeyat t'au; 
a bamboo screen, ^ ^ 
chuKK lim ; a door screen, 
P^ f|§ moon lim ; a fire 
screen, |gj ^ t'uen sn%n 
or -^^ ^ ^wm s^i«. 

Screw, ^1,^ loh-s^e, (cork-) 
^® ^tsau-tsi(m\ (miser) 
iSU^^ ha-ch'uun-tsuen\ 
to screw in, i^L'^^lit/-^ 
Si«u shat loh «2e; to screw 

out, ^ tH M. S '''«" 

c/i'?<?/noh sse; to screw up 

courage, ^^W^ f^"^' 
tsKuk ^taam lai. 
Screw-driver, i^,$^|^ loh- 

5««-ning, ^tMM ^0^ '^' 
p^ai. 
Screw-steamer, llg-j^j}5 om"- 
luuB-shuen. 



SCR 



864 



SCU 



Scribble. ^"[ ^ luen''-''ch'a, 



3 C 

lueu se. 



Scribe, ^^^^ tuuk-s/a<e- 
yan, ^^ ^ sAwe sse. 

Scrimp, j^^^l/* ^iuen-^shiu. 

Scrip, p ^ hau toi', yJN 
^ ^5m toi^ Ip. ^ /aan 
kne^ share scrip, J^ jj^ 
W ^koo fun^ faa}i. 

Scrofula, ^ |^ ZoA-lek ; 
scrofulous swellings under 
both ears, >^ i^ hacqj 
^paan ; as ardent as the 
scrofula to do it, ^ptj'^ 
•^ 'fflj^ lek konv' hing^ hu^ 
tso^; to have scrofula, ^ 
^ sAan^ lek. 

Soi-oll, ^ Siw^-??, ^ ^ 
''shau- huen, (a pair of 
scrolls) ^ ^«». 

Scrotum. ^ § shan^-nong. 

Scrub, y^Tj shaat , ^ ^s'aa^ ; 
the house-coolie scrubbed 
the floor, 1@^;j"^|g 
i^ Tcoh' koon Urn ts^aat 
lau paan ; to wash and 
scrub, ^ :^ sai moot*; 
to scrub the deck, i^!]^j|§ 



plj" sAaa/! Sat shueu min ; 
scrubber, J^IJ^ shaai' ^pa; 
to scrub bright a brass 

shaang kivong t'uung hi . 
Scruple, (doubt) ^§,^ sze-\\ 
to have scraples about, 

^Ij^'^^'^' sww V^u 'm 

ohn. 

Scrutinize. ^^ c'ha-c/i*«ai . 

Scuffle, ^ p^ chaang-tau\ 

Scnlk, ^ [^ ch^uen-nik. 

Scull, ^^ D'au-AoA;\ (bare) 
-t'i Mi SH /bo-lo-t'au ; (of 
a boat) i^ lo, (to) ^/i| 
iu- lo ; the scull-pivot, '/i 
^ lo sunt; to pust th« 
scull, i.e. starboard the 
helm, M^ ^ i'ui lo ; Lool 
out for the scull |^ ;|^- 
Pai lo mi. 

Scum, ^- ^ fau-moo/'', f.y^m 
mi ; the scum on rice-water,} 

^;^rfl '"*^ ^*^"* '^'''''' 
the scum of society, ~K^ 

HHH A^ ha^ lau ^fi \m\ 

yan ^^an^, H -^ ^L '/Ji 

saam haau ^kau lau. 



SEA 



365 



SEA 



Scupper, Scnpper-holes, 

shiii sin raoon. 
Scurf, ;;^:^ lo-nai, (on the 
head) ^ ^ t'au-nai ; in- 
curable scurf, KH-^ waan 

tin ; scurf on the head, ^5 

Jl:^^ ^'^" sheung' 'lo 
nai. 
Scurrilous, ^f 5^ oo-ivai ; 
scurrilous language, ^"^ 
p^ong in. 
Scythe, ^ ^ ch'eung-lim. 
■ Sea, y^ hoi, ^ J^ yeung- 
Aoi, "^ ^ taai Aot, ^ 
^ taai'' yeung. 
-Sea-sickness, F^)'_^ au-long\ 

Sea-weed, J^ ^ hoi-ts'oi, 

^eal, (animal) y^ ^ Ao» 
^aw or, V^f^ hoi-ch'aat ; 
(to) ElJ yan\ ^ fP 
k'up-yan\ (up) ^/t^un^; 
the greater seal-character. 
I.e., writing of the time of 
the Chow dynasty (B.C. 
827), H 8 t'o-s/^we, ^ 



-^ suen -"tsae or -^ ^■ 
suen"* shue ; the lesser seal 
character, i.e^ writing of 
the Te'in dynasty (B.C. 
220), /J^ ^ siu suen ; 
a seal, ^ ;^ suen 
cheung ; (the imperial) -^ 



ue - sara or. 



, HP W 

ue ^0 ; official seal, ^ 
^ Ajoon yati'; the keeper 
of the Great Seal, 'g fp 

■^ is. ^^"'^ y^'^ taai' 
shan ; issued under the 
seal of the court, ^ ^ 

hD S S tU "ga «^'<e' 
yan' A'ci'"* faat ch^uut ; 
the keeper of the seal, ^ 

h^uj) sze chuung ; Censor 
in charge of the seal, ^ 
PP #P A "-cJtemg yan' 
ue ^ssfl ; principal holder 
of the seal, ^C ^ cZ/c;?^ 
yflM ; deputy holder of the 
seal, gil fP /bo' y«n^ 
private seal, ^^ 'f^ y^'^' 
suw/t or ^^ ^ 3 foo yan'; 
to seal or affix a seal, ^ 



SEA 



366 



SEA 



y^'^^ S EP *'^*' y"'^' °^ 

M EP y^""s^ y^'^'' *^o 

seal up a house ^ P^ 
fuung moon ; to seal up a 
letter, ^ fg P /"uMn/7 
at/im"* Aai< ; the name on 
the seal, ^p ^ ymv' 
siten^; enclosed in a sealed 
cover, A ffi W- P 2: 

f S i^ ft j^^p ^^^^' >^"""^ 

*Aaa< ke^ sutin^ fi'^if^g noi\ 

Sealing-wax, j/<^ "^ ^foh-ts'at. 

Seam, (a) ^ fl* luen-A-?r2^f, 

^ ^ i kwiif, %i, ^ 

shaam kunit, ^ p} luen- 

Artu, (i-n boarding) ^ 

/^^- (to) ^ luen, li 

fuung, -^ JH hop-maai ; 

the seam on a satin cap, 

M I"! S *^"®^' ""'^^ ^*" '■ 

a coat without seam, ^^ 

M lil 'H' »■ ™° ^"'^"g 

Seamstress, g ^f P|^- f/ia- 
chim-ke. U f^ ® V^' 
luen p'oh. 

Sear, to ^ ^ so;?^' moot. 



Search, ^^_^ sail- km, 

uiin ; search the person 

(of a candidate) :|^ ^ 

scm shan ; to search for, 

i@ ^ sail ts'ura ; search 

and seize, i^ ^ saw 

ts^up ; search warrants, ifi 

!® sail pHii'; search for 

banditti, :g|^^ 'sau 

to' ts'aak ; search after, 

^ ts'um, or 1^ >|^ ^ong 

k'au, ;^ ^, c/i^rti^ ts'uni ; 

to search on all sides, ^^ 

^ cAat^ ts'um ; to make a 

thorough search, ^g] ^sai 

ch'a ; search for a ship, ^ 

^ ts'um shuen ; to search 

out. ^ ^j ts'um ch^uut, 

i^^j sazi ch'-iiut, ^^j 

ch'a ch'uut ; the right of 

search, ^^^^18 ^*^" 
ch'a Av''' k'uen ; in search 

of, ja fi 'i '^'•""•_ 

Seared conscience, ^ F^ 'j(]^^ 

«oV-Ieung-SM?«, ^2li'Ci> 
c c 
mo- poon-sum. 

Season, |J^ shi, (the four 

seasons) ^^ ^ 500 -A?6'a» , 



SEA 



367 



SEC 



jAJ ^ szc^-shl ; the hot 
f«ea6uii, J^ ^ shuc i^in ; 
before the season, ^ ^ 
B^ jt?rt^ k'np shi ; the 
fashion of tlie season, i.e., 
" all the go," n$ ^ shi 
/b(?« ; in season ^ {Jr^? 
k'up shi, ^ ^ hop shi ; 
during the fishing season, 

ffi #, ;2 B? Vo' "e cA. 

shi ; the heiirht of the 
season, "^"^^^ taai^ 
taai' shi htng ,- to season 
with sugar, ja !^ 1^ B^ 
i t'ong t'iu mi^ adjust 
the seasoning, f^ ffifc t'iu 
mi'; to season soups, g/^ 
^g t'iu kang ; seasoned 
with salt and pepper, j^ 

p K i§ «2 p ;« 5i5 

i ira k'up 00 tsiu t'iu 
k'i mi'. 

Seasonal >le, ^ ^ ^^ cheuk- 
shi-hau'; seasonable fruit, 
{J^ 1^ shi ku'oh ; season- 
able rain, ^ pj^ shi ue. 

Seasoning, a^KJ^i^ lok-mi'- 
to . 



Seat, ^ tsoh', ^ gj; tsoh'- 
wai'; r safe on the back 

seat, ftc ^ *$ ^ ft 

Dgoh 'tii'oh ue hau' wai'; 

please leave a seat for me, 

^ta'eng lau yut tsoh^ wai 
ue ngoh ; the seat of war, 
^ J^ chin ch'eung ; he 
took his seat in silence, 

1E M W ;f T 'k'ue 
tseng"* *tseng H'oli ha'; I 
sat down in the front row, 

m^m — nm^. 

ngoh tBoi^ ts'in yat hong » 

ts'oh ; to remove the seat 

of government, ^g ^j^ 

^s'/n to ; please be seated, 

m d^ ts'eng ^ts'oh. 

Secede, |g tsuet, g| li ; 
to secede from, UJ ^Jr^ 
ch'-uut ue. 

Secession, ^^ -^ li Aue', 
^ ^ tsuet kaau ; ^ 

Secluded, [j^ pool'; you live 
in such a secluded manner, 



SEC 



368 



SEC 



chue' tah kom^ pool'; he is 
secluded from society, ^H 

tt ^ ^b ^ 'k'ue to^ 

tsuet ngoi"* kaau ; secluded 
from a society, ^{ij ^ 
^peng ch^uut ooi . 
Second, ^ - tai'-i\ ^ 
^s'^e , ^(j foo\ /[rjj chuung^; 
second in office, ^(J foo , 
:t '^ V^o/^ t'ong, ^ ^ 
yau^ t'ong ; second-cousin, 
■^ J^ chat suen, ^ flfl^ 

^''^^ ^»' E ffl i® [i|[3 i 

yuung' ^?t'o^'' ^»; a copy of 
a second hand book, -^ 
kau shue yat 



.3 



po. 
Second-hand, —\ \^ i - 
•t'oi ; second rate, ZZ, ^ 



1 tang, ^ ^ fo'^e 
^^"^» ^ ts'uung ; to 
second, ^ choh^ ^/<70 , 



ik yau\ ^ yau^ 

Secret, ;j-^| ^ it-mat, Qg 
^'"^ (^) ^ ^ V«^-8ze^ 



secret affair, 



» 



see Bze ; a secret marriage, 



^ ^ S2e ts''ui ; a secret 
letter, ^^ 536 5i^?m ; a 
secret society, ^^ ^ a2e 
ooi^ a secret place, ^^ 
sze ti'; a secret enquiry, 

5^ ^ ^§^5^ *^^ '^^*' *^^'* 
y^n.^ ; a secret movement, 

^/,~J^^"^^ sze ha"* hang 

sze^ secret meeting, ^ 

T* ^ ^ *■** ^^^^ ^^^®' 
ooi^ secret chamber, ^ 

^ mat shat ; secret injury, 

Hg- g o?«' hoi', [J^ ^ 

yarn tuuk ; a secret plot, 

Secretary, g§ |/^ /Srti-tsik, 
(private) ^^ ^ mok- yau, 
(Colonial-) ^11^^ foo - 
cheng -sze; Grand Secretary, 

^ ^ i ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^®^ 
^ ;jig '^isoi seung ; 

Secretary of State, ^ j^ 
shing seung^ ; Secretary of 
Legation, ^"JIE^ Tcuung 
sze^ ch'ue ; Secretary of a 
Company, ^ a\ :^ u\ 
^ ^ Jcuung sze Tee' sze 
Bze^ yan ; Secretary of a 



SEC 



8G9 



SEC 



001 



Society, ^ F^ 
chuung shxie ])aan. 

Secretion, ^^ \^ tsuun-yik ; 
secretion from the mouth, 
P V^ '^^" y^^ 5 secretion 
from the noae, ^ *^ 
pi^ yik. 

Secretly, ^^ fff^ szeA\a. 

Sect, ^ P^ /trta??-moon ; 
the Taoist sect, j^ ^ to' 
i-a, ^ ^ to^ kaau ; to 
set up a sect, ^ ^^ laap 
Jcaau . 

Sectarian, ^ff^lffl'v' tuen ii. 

Sectarianism, ^ jj[^ i hien, 
g P^ i' moon, ;fe ^ 
^«oA to\ 

Sectary, ^ ^ ^ ts'uung 
^aai? V^f, p^ :^ moon 
t*o. 

Section, ^ tuen\ (a cutting) 
^^ tsit ; a section of a 
story, ^J,|g;;2 — ^ 
5tM sAuei^ f/ji ya^ tueu'; 
the first section {i.e., 
article) of the treaty, ^^ 

tai yat foon ; a section of 



a town, JS 21 — S 
shing chi yat yeui:^. 
Secular, j^ sha\\ j^ tsuuk, 

iMlJ?' ^^^' kaai^; secular 
all'airs, "(^ ^ sAai^ sze^. 
Secure, ^ jj^ tcan-ch&n^, 
rjr ^ ^chue-koo^ : not over 
secure, pS ^ ^ 'm /o^ 

Van; quite secure, 5^^, 

<■ *^ ' u ^ 

lean wan chan 



chan'; to secure against 
loss, ^ ^ po shat ; to 
secure him from falling, 

t%c' ha. 
Securely, ^ kan ; fasten 

securely, ^^ pong kan. 
Security. ^'^ taam-jpo, ^ 

"T" ^ taam-kohn-'^ki ; I 

will be security for you, 

^/7o ni ; to be security for, 
'^ ^ ^jaa?^ /roon ; on 
the security of his goods, 

foh' mat /soA^ oAn' kue'; 
for your security, ^ fj^. 

s: ^ s >B. -^^^ ^^i 



SED 



870 



SEE 



wan fob At hin ; he 
lends out money on good 
security, tS ^ ® ffl 

yau ngan ch'uut kit iu^ 
fob tong tanm po. 

Sedan-chair, jM ^ ^ting- 
*kiu : to ride in a (sedan)- 
chair, 4^ ^^ ts'oh kiu ; 
he came in a (sedan)- 
chair, IH. :^ ^ ^ ^k'ne 
ts'oh kiu lai. 

Sedan-poles, i^^ ^ *kiu^- 
sheng. 

Sadate, ^^1^ chong keng^. 

Sedative, (allaying irritation) 

^ B85 ^ha hi' ti, ^ ^ 
]iSi n,it '/oh ti,^'^^ 
ch'ue Vuung^ yeuk. 
Sedentary, ^ -^ DSJ toh 
ts'oh rt, ^ "]|/» j9a^ 
tuung\ 

S^^g^; ^ ^ P'o- ^*'^- 
Sediment, 'Jg|f ;J^ cha-^tsze, 

^ Zreu^ ; there is no 

sediment left, ^ |^ mo 

cha ; muddy sediment, ^^ 



nai ^tsze ; aediment in 
broth, ^fy- ^chup 'tszt ; 
sediment in vinegar, Qg 

VS ^ ^*'°' ^^^' ^^*-*- 

Sedition, yf-^J[;2l^ ^^^^<^^ 

Inen A:e sze\ 
Seditious, :|^ Ql iu-luen\ 
Seduce, i^j^ ^{ ^i?<- yan, ^^ 

yau : to seduce a min's 

^ y^ ;^'iw "^yan yan ts'ai 
hang yam ; to seduce 
a man's daughter, ^^ "^^ 

A :^ ^H S Vau waak 
yan 'nue faan kaan ,- to 
seduce men's minds, ^J 
^AO W tuung' yaa 

5 WW. 

Sedulous, Hd ^ k'an-lik. 

See, ^ yfcm, g^ ^ V«»- 

A-w^^ (look) ^ffl\ '^'a»- 

'ha, (after) ^ ^ /io^n- 

aAa?/ ; to see one out, ^^ 

Atlj ^^^'W^ y^fi ch'uut ; 
to see one off, jj^ ^ 
suung^ pit ; I will person- 
ally see to it, ^ ^ p^i 



SEE 



871 



SEE 



^ jg Sigoh tsze' 'ki liu' 
Mi ; to Bee {i.e., formally) 
a jierBon, ^ ^ ^ paai 
kin yan ; to see clearly, 
B^ ^ meng kin ; to see 
a play, ^ j^ Aon Ai\- 
he saw me in a dream, 'j^ 

^ Mj ^ '^'"® n^"«»g' 
kin ""ngoh ; I cannot see 

your meaning, ^ P§- 0fl 
e f* ^\ri^ S '"g°h 'ni 
nieng paak ni sum i ; I 
will see that you get your 
money, ^ \\f,^ |?} j^, ^Q: 
j|^^ ""ngoh chiii^ lin^ 'ni 
wong shau ngan ; see for 
an instant, ^^ ^ aAjwi 
Jcin^. 
■Seed, ^^ chuiing, ^ yan, 
ngan ; olive seed, 1^ 4^ 
^laam yan ; lily seeds, or 
lotus nuts, ^M -^ lin 
^tsze ; seed of Sesamum 
. Judicum, ^ 1^, chi ma ; 
melon seeds, )S^ -^ kica 
^tsze : the seeds of all kinds 
of disease, "§" ^ ;S ^JJ 
"J§[ jtjaflA;^ peng ke^ kan 



miu ; the scatter the seed, 



g j'o/i ckuung ; to 
run to seed, ^ ^ shiiig 
Snai, jg± g[ /a/^ shat. 

Seek, ^ ^/ran, ^ ts'uni 
(ask) >j^ k'au ; to seek 
after gain, |g jpj fo li^ ; 
to seek for wealth and 
hononr, >j^ ^ -^ k'au 
foo^ kivai ; to seek for aid, 
5|^||jf| k'au choh ; to seek 
happiness, ^ jjg k'au 
fuitk ; to seek office, >|^ 
^ k'au cliik ; to seek for 
fame, >^ i^ k'au meng ; 
to seek for employment, 
:^ H ^ Sm« t'au lo'; 
to seek a living, :|'^ ^ 
^ican kai^. 

Seem, ^ 'ts'ze, ^ [tl ''''»«- 
ch^uut, (seems to me) '(V\ 



ts'ze-Zroyt . 
Seen, ^ ^ 7an -kivoh^. 
Seer, ^i^C/^ sin chi che. 
See-saw, ;^ ^ ^ ^t/t- 

p'ing ka . 
Seethe, ]U[ tsin ^ ^<-Au«, -^ 

k*\vuu, J^ p'aang, |^ f Ae//^. 



SEX 



372 



SEN 



Segar, (Manila) g ^ 
^Lue-suung^-inf (a) — (H 
1^ yat-^hau-in. 

Seize, ;^'^ c;inMA'-chue\ ^ 
>^ j;a^-chue , Ig" ^fs^eunc/, 
(a person) ^ /aot, (goods 
or a building) ^ funng. 

Seldom, >^ pf 'ghiu-'hoh, ^ 
^ 'fcr "^mo- AZ-'hoh. 

TSJt r^ 

Select, :|^ chaak, :^ '^kaan, 

Self, gtL tsze'-'Ai. 
Self-contradictory, g ;|5g 

-^ ^ t-sJ^^ -acur2^-mau- 

H'uun. 
Self-examination, Q-^tsze- 

^seng. 
Self-sufficient, Q J^ tsze - 

Uuuk. 
Self-will, ^ ;^ chup-aau\ 
Selfishness, ^J^ /\^ sze-sum. 

Sell, J maai\ ^i* ™^^^'" 
7iMe^ (offer to) @^ faat - 
raaai'. 

Semen, Q '^chuung, ^ ^s^-??^. 

Semi-, ^ poan . 

Send, ^ A;t*, (a person) jj 



Am, ij^^ ta-faat'; send 
it home, ^ |^ 4" ^ 
ki^ faan hue^ ku-ai ; send 

some one, :|T @ A "i* 
/rt /aa^ yan htie^ ; to send 

forth, ^ [fj /"rtaf ch'wit ; 

to send for, ^A^fiS 
sAflt yan A2<e^ ''loh ; to 

send a letter, ^ ^ ^i 

s?m?i ; to send despatches, 

"^ 3^ S ^'^' "^^^ *^"^» 
^ ^ t raun. 

Senile, yl^^t^ lo nin ^i,. 

4^ j^ nin /w. 
Senior, -^ cheung ; he i» 

senior to me in age, "J^ 

^ #£ J;k |g H * 

*^k'ue nin '^» pi^ 'ngoh 
kang cheung ; a senior 
scholar, ^ ^ ^ taai 
hok shaang. 

Seniority, '^;^ ^vai cheung y 
^ 'g wai Aoon. 

Se'nnight, ^ ^s'ai yat, 

— ^ IS ^ y^^ ^^^' 

lai paax ; this day se'n- 
night, ^-b0 hau' ^'fli 
yat. 



SEX 



373 



SHX 



Sensation, ^ hole \ a sen- 
sation of awe, ;^-p^ hole 
friii^: sensation of cliilliness, 
f^ ^ icok' holin ; tlie 
]);unfnl 8'Mis:itioii of lmii,u-er, 

km? hi ni>-oli^ Ciniiii/^ ^foo ; 
I feci a sensation of licavi- 

>-^"^^ ^ fJ: S' S '"^'"'' 

Sunna, ^^ ^ waai-ip. 
Sense, ^ ^ rlu'-s/n/c, ^ 
^ kii?-fihik, (conunou)' 



c,. 



w 

ts'en_(;--'li ; a sense of 
ri^lit. and wrong, ^ ^ 
^ j^ slii' .// he^ sum ; a 
man of common sense, ^ 

Ji ^ A *'^'^^ '•' ^'^'' J'^"' 
ffi $• ^ A '^"""^ s/,e' 
/c'' jan ; in a legal sense, 
BS 1^ ^ chiu' Inut lai\ 
^ ^ i lai'; to gratify j 
one's senses, j^ |"jjl tsuung 
ts'eng ; to mortify the 



senses. 



J aaf vnnk 



the moral sense, i\^^ >j*^ 



talc sum ; a sense of shame* 

^ ]}S Z ^\!> •^^'" oo' ki 

SI/ III. 

Senses, (five) 2L "^ ''"f?" 

Sensible, fj;:^ kok' ink, ^ 
kin , Qjjl ^ niing li ; a 
sensible person, :^ 'j'j^ 
Z. A ^''<">'</ ts'eng A:(" 
van ; 1 am sensible of 
my faalt, ^^ 5^ g ® 
^ngoh rhi' kt kiroli ; sen- 
sible of wrong, 4^ ^^ rhi 
hoi''; sensible of cold, ^ 

/•/// hi' kc^ ^laang t'uuiuj . 
Sensicive, '{"^^ ^ ts'emr-A://;;, 

'14 p sriuf^-kup, ^ 53 

•rf i^ ihi kok ; a sensitive 

i>erson, ^ ;g: ;;^ A ^ 

Z-o/i- kf'^ van ; sensitive 
plant, ^ g gj r/i» 7:./.^ 
shue\ 5^ ^ ^ c/<t saw 

Sensnal, pg^* ^hi^yuuk, ^J^ 
4^ S2^-ynuk ; a sensual 

puson, lit &;2:A siii' 

.s7/i7: /.T^ yan. 



'2i> 



SEN 



SEP 



^ 



Sensualist, ^^ ^^ ^ \ 
ho fsau sink, van, /j^ 0^ 

van, '^g ^L ^ ?i '^*'^" 
sA.V. /:.' t'o, ^' 0. ^ 
?iO^ p'iu che. 
Sensual ity, ^ ^ shik ynuk, 
;^ ^1 rfw»; lok, ^ ^}g 

Sentence, ^ ^ /twe -wa , 
(judicial) ^^^\\ p'ai-p'oon , 
/^Vw/?"" tuen , ;^ 
Vtinp:'-yiug, ^ 

g,j tiug'-fat, ^ paan'; 
to distinguish sentences 
and words, ^ '^ fj /"'<" 
/r?/^ tan ; to mark the 
sentences and divide into 
paragraphs, f fi ^ ^^ ^ 

tim kue kaii koo ; the 
sentence is incomplete, y(\ 
R^ 'pj ;w^ shing kue ; 
cannot divide the sentences 
in reading, Pg |J ^ff gff 
'^ 'm tuuk tak t'uen 
ATi/e ; a fine sentence, -^ 
>^ /tflat kue ; a short 



sentence, ^^ '^ /«<«« 
7;?^^ ; to reverse a sentence, 
^^/artnoA/2 ; sentenced 
to banisljnient, ^ ^ |[^ 
teng lau tsui ; sentenced 
to death, ^ ^ f^ teng' 



XZP tsui 



Sententious, ^ g; ^ Il§^ 



van / 1 ti. 



Sentient, p[ ^ ;§ Dg(| Vjf///; 
rlii kok H ; a sentient 

j'^i"?' ^ ^ ^ ;S *j 

yau c/a' kok ke mat. 

Sentiment, ^ i , ^ ^. t 

^i// , t'[\ j^M sum is'eng, 

'1'^ ^ th'enc: t ; friendly 
I rJ 'U.> _ 

sentiments, ^ ^^ ^ 4'|^ 
yau oi ke ts'eng. 
Sentinel, U^ A shaau -yan, 

^ W yK. ^^" ^^^"^ 3"^"' 
^^_& slum ye ;w2^. 

Sentry, ^ f^ ;5^ ^ 'shau 
moon /.'/ ;'e/?^, [J^F ^ ^ 
-E long .<;/^ra/ /:e ^/e/«^. 

Sent,i-y-l)ox, ^^^^ 7'''"5' ^o///. 

Separable, g^ # ^ Dft^ H 
tak hoi li, ^ :M ^^ ////i 



SEP 






SKQ 



Separate, )jy ^ \nl-/im\ /jj^ 

§y /)^/;-pit, (AIM.) -5} ^1^ 

hug -ngoi : to soparatc the 
good ffoiii tlio bad, ^^\l 
^ -^ fun pit sliiii'' ('/i; , 

^ yi) U "^ /■"" r't I 

leiing Af^a' ; to separate 
from one anoilicr, ;J^ ^)j 
.sv ?/??// )iit : to separate 
from, p|5^ ^l] ha ah pit ; 
to separate from the dregs, 

Separation, ^ [^(| fun 11 ; 
petition for judicial sep- 
aration, ^^>jcSMS^ "/""* i 
k'au li fidi. 

September, I^ ;/L ^ 57»,(7- 

'^^''"-«'-^t> tI5 M ^L ;3. 

«m' lik A-(7«^ net. 
Septenary, -{;; "jQ 0^ U'at 

kol' ti. 
Septciirriiil, S' ^ — . HTJ 

tsUit 11 in y^// ooi, -^ rfe 

— ' 3^ ^^'^'^ "'" '/"^ ''^''■^''' • 
♦Septentrional, ■\]^ -Jj ^\fy pale 

fomj ti. 



I '"Peptic, gj; \,^ n^ ,/u' /oo /I. 
' Se])tnagenarian, -^ ^j n^^ 

ts'at ts'uun /i, ^ ^' 

tit mo , 
Septuagint, BQ ^ -Jl + 

^^ sai kiciik ts'at shap 

sze ifholi yik cJii kau 

ycuk tsMR'ii .s///<e. 
Septu.n, {^) ^)^Chn) 

kaak inok. 
Septuiile, -{^ -j^ /.sV// V«<^'- 
Sepiilclire, :t^ ^ fun-mo\ 
Sepulture, ^^ ^ ^ 

maai Asy;//// AV sze', ^? 



•^r. -J 



sze . 



«,. 



kit kiink, ^ ip, ueii pat. 
Sequence, ^ ^ liau sze , 

5Aa?< mi. 
Sequester, ;M? ch'adK, ^^ 
fining ; to sequester the 
^\hole property, Jji^p'^^^ 
ch^aau A-v//// A-7. 



SER 



?76 



SER 



Sequestration, ^H/^ij'^"^ 

rli^acni fininij cicaitn ip, 

fun hoi. 
Sequestrator, ^^ ^^ ^ 

finiiu/ ip V//^, :|xj; ^ ^ 

ch^cKiu ip r//'^. 
Sernirlio, m '>^»* noi Innnni, 

-k ft t"='' i''Oi\ £{: 'g* 

woi g hinmri. 
Ferapl.,_t^5^^.1.eun{,r' 

/«/ ^ /'//? ^SZP. 

Serciiiide, .W^ ^ ve iigok, 
-^ ^ ye^ Z'J. " 

2^ r1* ''^'''' f-"'''V- : 'I 
sev.i.e Jook, fry- g; fe 
Art /,/ .<t'//^- : a screi.L' 
mi lid, i[^> 2p: ^- J0 ..,/„i 
p'eng ? >^(>!i ; a serene 

lonfr 'eung 6<</. 
Serf, "^ j^ no punk. 
Serfdom, ^i^^;^i^ji: 

no punk Ice ti \vai\ 
Sergeant. ^ ^^l|l y/w Isiamij. 
Serge, p^ ^ pid-ki. 
Serial, ^^Qg^ ^s'r/ tai' ^i. 



Seriatim, ^ |^ ^s'£-i«^ tai^ 

luuk t'<nuk. 
Series, ^ ^ /"s'rr' -tai , ^|j, 
ff l.t,-clu.n\ — f'J^ fi^ 
l/al-k\n -km ; a series of 
calamities, |g( m, ;j,3 ^ 
woli M aan seuiiy liii ; a 
serits of ])leasaiit cnter- 
tninmcnts, [g i^| ;^ ^ 
liiliE '/"■ l" /-"^ szf^imi 
lin, — jg g ll Z/«^ li" 
At lok ; a series of years,. 
^^ 4E lik nil! : a series 
of generations, ^^ /fj^' lik 
toi ; a series of battles, 
J^ MmJa lin diin : a scries 
of victories, i^ tr B^ 

■^ ^Z 5^ ^"' ^^' 67<?^'^ 

chewij i^ho W-zc . 
Serious, (person) ^j1 t]^'"/'"/?//- 
Z:e??/. (affair) f^^^' vamx- 
bai , ^ chnnng"; a scrions 
matter, "M ■}< "i^ ^% 
chunng taai A^' sze ; a 
serious illness, ^ ^^ 
peng ngai ; a serious wound 
W -j^ cliuung sheung. 



SER 



37' 



SEU 



8ernioii, |J|| ^ fun in, g 
^^ shuri'^ knaxi, =[|| ^ 
/'///i kani : to ik'Iiv(;r a 
sermon, ^^ fljl «ij f^' 
^ }JJ V;(///y yc ay bum 
a:^' lo . 

Serous, JJH -^j*;^ hiiet shui. 

Serpent, (a) {(^[t'fe t'in-she, 
serpent's hi.s. ^'^ {f % 

^V^ ^ ^^'^ ^'""^'^ ^^^ ^^^ 
shin;/ ; to nnrse a serpent, 

^ 'il*^ ^ ^ yeuno' she 

Avai waan ; a poisonous 

serpent, ^. ^'j^ tuuk she. 

Serrated, i|^"^^^ ^-^"^ 
'chHke' yeng, ^ft ^ J| 
JJH /M« nga yeiii>- yeunj^ ; 
serrated leaves, ^^ ^ ^ 
/li^c' chH ip. 

Servant, ^^^^ no-puuk, -j^ 
t^^ shcd-foon^-jain,{hoj) 
^■^f^ sze'- tsai ; servants 
to the king, [^ ^ ^ 



g ^ kicok^ ku'wi ke^ 
shau /.ss^ ; your Immble 
servant (said by au official) 



Serve, ^ ^ funk-sze'; 
first conic fir.>t served, y\^ 

^ ^ ^ ^"^ ^^^^^ ''"' 
rhvuk ; to serve as a soldier, 

^ ^^{] S ^^'^^^ ts'etmg 
hung : to se.-ve out rations, 
tlj ^ f/i'"w^ leung ; lo 
serve one's parents, ^:^ 
^ -f^ fuung^ sze^ foo^ 
mo ; to serve a warrant, 
fM ^ ch'uen p'iii'; serve 
a meal, ^ hi. 
Service, {'^ 32 ^*'^^'^^ hiung^ 
^ ^ c/ra«i szc\ IfiU^; ^ 
(7///; ip; public service, j^ 
sze\ ^ *^ wai /roo?t ,• to 
render a service, ^^ ^ 
toi'* lo ; I am at your 



lUO 



service, M ,/('. ^ ^ 
2nd ts'uung meng^ to be 
out of service, ^ |^ ^^ 
mo chik ip ; to dismiss 
from service, ^m ^^ kaak^ 
chik ; divine service, ^^ 
Jt 'rtj* P^^*' sheung^ ^r/i^; 
the service of God, ^_tl 
^ sze' sheung' tai^; a 
dinner service, ^ ^ -^ 



SET 



378 



SET 



# ^ ?f ^ 4^ t^'nen 
fW taai^ ts'ttan '^oon ti[i 
fang mat. 
Servile, ^ )|p yau-shuun'^, 

j\ ^-^ ha^-/«rt/i:\ 
Servitude, ;^ -^ wai no, 

foo kuung .- four year's 
penal servitude, ^^ ^ ^ 
T. sse' nin /bo kiiung. 

Scsamuni, ^/>^. c/n'-ma, y^ 
1^ yau-ma. 

Session, ^ -^ tsue^ ooi'; 
to hold a session, ^^ ^| 
tsue' i ; a session of 
padiament, ^^ ^ ^ 
i nen ooi^ 'i ; the session 
of a court, ^ f^ |p 

♦ ^ W3 "?^ "^^°^ 

.sA?<m sze"* t'oDg lei ; the 
court is now in session, ' 

nga moon in'* shi shuni 
lioi sze^; one session each 
month, —^'^^ yat 
ts^ze t'ong k'i. 
Set, (to) j2^ laap, ^ chi', j^ 
chai, (as the sun) 5^ lok, 



people) 3^ ^w«n ,- set forth 
in brief what is essential, 
g^ 74f»l shuct' ypu'x; to 
set aside, :|8 ^ — - ^ 
^/oo^"* kwai yat pin ; to 
set apart for a certain 
purpose, fl^ {f ^ M 
/)'oo/' /.s^y/X^ man yuung"*, 
^ p^ r/n^ //oi ; to sel 
going, JJ; f7 /•«;?/ hang. 
^ ^ ffn^ tuung^; to set 
forth a plan, ]^^\ ch'mit 
kai^ ; to be set upon by 

pirates, ^M.'^WL P^' 
ts'aak kuung kek ; to set 
up, ^ ji^ ('^''if^ laap ; to 
set free, ^^^ shik foiig^- 
to Bet about, pM -^ hoi 

shau, p^ 32 '^'^^i kuung ,- 
to set down, ^ "7^ /<'^?^' 
ha^; to set one's mind at 
rest, ^ i\^ foHff sum ; to 
set the heart on, j|*> ;:fc 
^ s?/m tsoi^ no ; to set 
fire to, JS: j/; /o;?^^ Vb/i .- 
set to work, ^ "@f ^Bt 

hi shau tso ; the rainy 



SET 



:>7'.» 



SET 



season has set in, HR ^ 

3^ n# B fij 5''^' 'ue 

/'in slii i to^; to set one's 
liouse in order, ^ ^ i^ 
^ /"a r/je//y k'i //?</^ ; to 
set a trap for him, ^ f^ 
IS; -!§ ^''^^"^ 'k'ue '/-/'vrt 
ma ; not set down in the 

tsoi^ taan sheunii"'; to set 
a clock, iji^ ^H kaan^ 
chmmg .• to set tlie fashion, 
ttl -f-E^ ch'uutfa yennfr': 
sets her cap at me, Sj^ 

^^ f& J''*" "='^^' ^*^ 
k'ue ; to set a thief to 

catdi a thief, J^ |l{ t£ 
^^ i ts'aak chuuk^ Ls'aak ; 
set (my) doo^s on you, ^ 

1^ P^' f/J*^ /<^"^' '/'«" 
ngaau ^li ; to set people 

by the ears, ^ A- "S P 
linji'' van kok^ huu : to 
set a tree, ^^ I^ cliuung^ 
shue ; I seD LneuL store on 
this thin-, Ife ^ S Itt 
,d^ ngoh hoix chuung"* 
ts'ze mat ; to set a razor, 



)U ^i] fill 7J "'^'' '■' 

^^a' /o ; to set foot on' 
[" ^ shcung ngohn^ 

^y irw ^ SB ^'' "« ^^"' 

fan ; to set forward, fo] 
lly heinig^ ts'in ; to sot in 
order, ^^ ^ tso' 't'oh, 
J§4^ 'li ^t'oh ; to set off 
or out, ply* ^ ts'in Ai/^'\ 
■jqj :g ts'in wong : to 
set-to ^ (fight) ;fg tr 
scnug ta ; a set of instru- 
ments, — glj ^ JL y«i: 
/oo' //t^ kiie^ a set of 
boxes, ^ ^ H yat Po" 
aeung ; a set jihrasc, [J^ 
^ ch.au^ ktie. 

Settee, ;^ i^ fR <-"'i'«^"^S 

cliuuk shong. 
Settle, ^ teng^ (accounts) '^ 
t.re»g-sho\ (as dregs) 
k'enof ; it is settled, 

II ti # 1® "-^-'^^ '''"' 

hai^ 'A-o/n ; to settle an 



affair. ^ ^ uen sze , 
^^ 'foil sze'; to settle 

a price, ^ aE ^ ^ 
teng' ka^; to settle ditticulties 



sp:y 



580 



SEV 



and quarrels, ^^ ||[| 
^? ^^ ^^Vw» naaii^ ^kaai 
fun ; V) Kettle an account, 
^ ft ncii .s/.o\ »|| ^^ 
/s'e;?^ foon ; the matter is 
finally settled, >pi[ ^ fg 
^^ liu^ li /s'e»^ ck'oh ; 
t(i settle a disturbance, 2p 
^L P'^"o liien'; h't it 
settle clear, ^ ^^ '^ 
tayvj k'entr ^sV;?// ; to settle 
at a ])lace. ^ Jg lok tsik. 
Settlement, ip.g^ fan' t'au, 

a new settlement, 
m - ... ... /-....;> 

^f i|\ sr//i fau^; the 

settlement of affairs, ^ 

|± 4f ^ "^"" ^■''/' ^'^''^■' 



/.e sze ; 

¥\ ffl J?^ 5^'^' ^^'^ ^'""^'^ 



sze\ 



Settler, T^^^^W^^ 



weng 



chue^ 



tsoi 



o 



««/? 



Z'e2a//7 r/te. 
Seven, -^ ts'at. 
Seventeen, -|- ^ shaj) fs'at. 
Seventeenth, ^ _|- ^ tui' 

shap ts^af. 



Seventh. ^ -{^ ta?-fs'c,f. 

Seventieth, f:"^ J^ -|- tai' 
ts''af slian. 

Seventy, •^-f' fs'^at shap. 

Sever, ^-i] ^H kohf-'imi, 
Di$g tuen^\suet, ^-g^ 
/)^// /,7n' : to sever friend- 
ship, ^ ^ tsuet /-««?<. 

Severally. ^^ /.o/^-', 1^ mooi ; 
jointly and severally, [i^ 

'^,'f! f'llll"? y^'^ tSHWI//, 

Several, ^ '/7, (with the 
proper clHssifier in each 
instance), ^^ sho^; several 
days a<i;o, -^ ^$ Q sin 
III yat ; sevei-al times, ^g 
•^ A'j wan"*; several hands 
at woi-k, ^ i^ -^ Va 
yw sliau ; several occasioiiB, 
g^ 5^ •"''^'^^ /'5'2(°''; several 
books, ^ f f> ^ '/^» po' 
slivp ; several ships, ^^ '^ 
jt[^ Z'» rhph^ shuen. 

Severe, j^J ^ \m-'^kan, t^JJ 

-^ li'-hoi', (grievous) ^^ 

ch'nnng ; severe wound, 

S' Y^ chuung^ sheunff ; 



SHW 



;;8i 



SKX 



severe injury, -^^E (iiai 
lioi'; severe nurds, ^- ^ 
fo') in ; a severe Le.ieher, 

i^vu-y severe, g| ^ij ^ 
^f^ im lib lioliii Ar'',- a 
severe jnd-ro, J^TEi^^-uJ 
im rhpuif nip .v^/' ,- I 
adiniiiislcred a severe I'e- 
])riiTiiind to liitn, ^|^ IMt 

k'lic. 
Sew, Hl^ lueii, j|^ fuiinii; ; 
to sew ciothes, |j^ q^ )]^ 
fining 1 funk ; Lu bew 
together, |^ i^ fining 
inaai ; to sew on buttons, 

<PT # & ''^'"^ ^^"^'^'^'''^ 

■Sewage, Jg |g j;^ ;;Jv: /:r^^^ 
k'ne he s/tui. 

.Sewer, j^^ Ar/rt-^j^-k'ue, {Jg- 
jf^ o;y< -k'ue. 

Sewing, ,|^ fninig ; a sew- 
ing-machine, ii^#|gg 

fnnng i ki hi'; sewing 
needle, ,|'^'^j' fnnng rhim ; 



Slewing woman, 
;'/* s/iiiom p'oh. 



-z-t^ -I * 



r^ 



■'^^^' P^j r# <: ^ //"'"- 

ycmi'^-r/ii-fiin ; tin; female 
seN'» "5^* 3!fl line Iiii : the 
male sex, S ^|^ naani 
lui'; tlie fair sex, if^^j ^ 
foo nne ; the gentler sex, 

3c 4^ y^^^ '"'^"^ 5 the 
yonth of both sexes, ^ 

4£ S ^^" .'?////< nil! naain 

100. 

Sexagenarian, -y^ ^ ^ \ 

linik ts'uun /re van. 
Sexagenary, y^ + Ofi^ l^ik 

shap ^». 
Sexagesimal, jj? y*=; + Hfi^ 

tai luuk shap //. 
Sexangular, ^ jij HJ^ hnik 

kok 1i. 
Sexennial, 7^^ — ^^ l""k 

nin yat lin. 
Sexless, ffi * ^J ;* B^^ 

mo fin I naam ^nie //. 

Sexton, f^ j'p dl X ^^'g 
/5(?A;' t'o kuung. 



SHA 



SH2 



SHA 



im 



Sexual, ^ ^ ^^ '§5 "^' 

iKiam mie ts'eiiir vuuk : 

sexual pleasures, ^ -^ 

^^ ^^ iiaani nne kr lok. 

Shabby, ^ {\^ ;y/-tsiii\ 

Shackles, ;jv^ j^^ cluit-hmik, 

Shad, _ ^ ^ M^///^-laai- 



<•/<(? //?/»» he chining. 
Sliailes, (Hades) |J^ f^ 

//I'lii-kcum. 
Shadow, -^^ //cv;/; ,- the sun's 

shadovv, ^ -^^ yat yew^r 

shadow and echo, i>., close 



attention, 
hcunij : 



the shadow of 



'ue. 



Shaddock, 7^^ j^ hii(k-^ynu. 

Shade, j|^ |J^ r//e-y«w?,(lamp-) 

*|^ ^ fmiff-cliaan , (a 

slight) if J ;g nift /f^rn'- 

yau-/i ; to shade from the 

sun, jl^ 5B ''^'^ '^''^ 
t'au ; the shade and the 
light, [J^ [^ yum yenng ; 
Avhen the tree falls the 
shade is gone, (gj ^] ||J 
^ [T^ shue^ Vo /s«/;; mo 
yum ; the shades of depart- 
ed heroes, "tl^X^t 



huung ke kirai wan ; to 
sit in the shade, ^ ^ 



ugai tscung chi ; to reduce 

to a shadow, ^J^^E^lll 

r/i/ ue sza ti ; alone with 
his shadow, 5g ^ i^g ii" 
yeng yeng seuiuj tui . 
\ Shaft, ^ kohn, (handle) ;j^ 
ppng ; the shaft of a sjiear, 
~\^ ^ Z, 1^ koJtn liwoh 
ke peng ; the shaft of a 
cart, Ijl ;^ -^f- r-^V /re' 
••j/ic/fi ,• the shafts of a 
(sedan) chair, ftS ;^ Am 
ATony ; the shaft of a 
column, ^^ ^ *^ch'ue 
shun : the shaft of a 
chimney, ^ ^ ^ in 
t-uvng tad)) ; the shaft of 
a mine, */^^ p uefc V/r«<,. 



' 



SHA 



383 



SHA 



kwong tseiiff, |]|^^ ^ 
kivong not ; the shaft of 
an arrow, -gft" Sp At*// 
^o/i;? ; to sink a shaft, ;t|^ 
^ kwut net. 

jShagsry, ^ ^ suung-mo, 
^^P^ suimg-mo-ke . 

Shake, :f^a[; in-'ha, ;f|;j{| 
iu-tuuii^' , t^ !/<''ti>ig, (»s 
(lice) ^^ ngo, (the head) 
:f^gg uing'-*t'au, (hands) 

Shaky, y^ fan ; old and 

shaky, -^^M * 'l« 
taai koHK fan. 

Shall, ^^ /s^?/n//-loi, JJi\int. 

Shallow, ^ "^^s'///. 

Shallows, :J^ lek, (rapids) 
Mpl /"««//. 

Shani, g^fg M^/'-ngai', (to) 
0^ c/ia ; to sham sick- 
ness, f^ ^ r/^r/ peng^ 
to sham sleep, f'p P] 
chd /ii.'r; a sham-fight, 
^jK'^ /a A'a chonng\ 

Shame, ^ sau, ^ Bun s«?<- 



V(^'», (to feel) ^J^ /''"« - 



sail, (for another) ^ 
/a/i""- ch^au, (disgrace) 
^ch'ati ; the sense of shame, 
#5]i;> >|\ sriu oo" he" 

/ii^ 4li>^ ■'^w 'Li' 

.v(ou ; have yon no shame, 

Sii 'm rlii ^cliUiu mo miu 
p'i me; he brought shame 
on himself, tE g IJC 
^^ "^k'ne tsze^ V.s';<e k'i 
ynuk ; for shame ! ^ ^j^ 

^ R^C *'^" ^^''* '*"^'" ^''^* '" 
What a pliamc this is ! 

sze"* Iioh k'i sau tsoi. 

Shameful, p]" #: J# UflJ 

hoh sau yuuk //,• a sliame- 
fnl affair, "pj" ^_ ^ ^ 
/?(;/i sa?< /i^'* sze . 
Shameless, fS& ^ f/^ "^^ 
/??/(?;!' S'^'^'/''; a shameless 
fellow, ^ ^.,1. ;S: ^ n^o 
'c//'i f7/i t'o. 

Shank, jiip ;5: :;^: ►§* '^^i(f^ 

k(? taai A^r.Y^ .- the shank 
of a key, ^^% 'soh 
shi shan ; the shank of a 
tobacco pipe, if(§ fgj </f 



SHA 



384 



SHA 



t'uiing ; I am ^o'lu^i; on 
Shanks' mare, ^ ^ ^ 
Jjip 1^ Sigoh ts'oli k'Uiig 

Shampoo, ^ ^ f/fm-sJimi, 
j^ "^ cii'ui ;woi\ 

Shape, ^ s-'iZ/r, -^ tseung-\ 
^ K mo-*)eang,' ^ 
yeng- ; the shape of tlie 

yeng. 
Share, (to) /^ -0^ fmi-.tJio^, 
(a) ^ Jy- fau^-Vs.., 
^^ \'wo-''*!nu^; to sluire 
the assets, -^ Jj^ /;^;< 
/roo ; principal share- 
holders, -^ H^ f;} taai' 
/loo fan'; one shaie in the 
business, -^ fl^ Zfe ;g 
?/^?/5 /roo s/hI)I(/ t'; divided 
into four shares, ^ "^ 

P3 fi^ ^"'' ^"^^ ^■'^'^^ '^^'^^' 
share and share alike, ^ 

^^ Jiicun fun ; to fchare 

<^iiti's joy, |oJ i^ t'unng 

lok ; to share Lenefits, .^ 

v^> /*"" ^'^"^ ' ^^ ^^^^'^ ^^ 



share in, ^ij^ '^J^n fun'; 

to share in his anxiety, 

1^ fB S "^'''""g ^^^'"e 
y«, ^ j^ ^ fMi k'ue 
y«ii; the shary-list, ^f/}' 

^7 Ib "^^^^^ ^"^^^ ^^'^"» 
ts'cnii:. 

Shark, vb -f^ s/irt-^ue ; 
shark's lins, '^ ^ ne 
r/n^; shark's skin, v|? -^ 
J^ s/m ue p'i. 

Sharp, 7f|Jli','(^^jJ/;^raMi'; 
a shari) pain, :j^] ^p JJ 
^ij tiiunr/^ nc /o /VoA^; ii 
sharp winter, /^ :^ im 
fi/unr/ ; sharp (eye) sight, 
[|P;"!^1| ngaan li'; a sharp 
tight, ^ ^j^ foo chin^: 
sharp words, ^^ "^ foo 
in ; a sharp angle, 4^ -^ 
/s/;n /r(?/i;\- a sharp tool, 
^If ^^ li^ //< ; a sharp 
{i.e. clever) man, 4^ ';|^|| 
^^ ^ tsim li ke^ yan ; 
sharp in speaking, ^|| p 
li' hem ; a sharp rebuke, 
J^ ^ im m^ ; sharp 



SUA 



:^8: 



SHE 



heavin.ir, J^. ^ ^J- 'i kek 

hn : ii slinrp souiul, .^ 

f'/ieng ; a sharp wind, ^ 
J^ inaatig fuiinr; ; as 

.-liJirp a^ a needle, im ^j- 

^ ^l] lie r//f/»? r;^/' li^ ; I 

look ' sharp,' 'EJt Wfljl * ' 

f'aai' ti huc^. 
Sliarpen, ^ ^|J .u<>]i-li' 
Sharper, ;^^ /j>^,^ waat hiva)? ; 

•A fantan sLaiper, ^ j^ 



^shait. 



Shatter. :^y ^ ta-siii^. 

Shave, ^Jj /V«' , (to plane) -^ij 
p'aau ; to sbave the Lead, 
^l] ^ taf' fan ; to sliave 
the beard, ^l||^ ff'i^ so ; 
to Bhave iiead and face 
whoUj, '1|11^ seitlc faat; 
to Bhave thin, -^pl ^jM 
]i'aau pok, 'hIJ ^M sej/^t^ 
pok. 

Shaving, -^ij ^& p'aan- 
*cli'aai, (gum-shavings) '^ij 
1\]^ p'aau /a ; wood shav- 



ings, §^ P yjc P'''*'^" '"1" 
sliaai ; rattan i^having, jj^ 
^yf% t'ang azc ; bamboo 
shavings \^^ J,"^ chnnli 

SZP. 

Shawl, ^^S].^ laap-polc- 

I/iii. 
Siie, lie. or it, j^ "^k'ne. 
Sheaf, 7^3^ woh-c/ruid; (a) 

— tl!!< ^^'^' J'" ' ^ sheaf 
of rice, — ;^7 ^ yf,^ 

clruiik v;o\i ; a sheaf of 
wheat, ^ jJX ^ ?/«/ 
ch'-uuk mak. 
Shear, HjJ As^/// .- fo shear 
sheep, H^ ^- ^ "^Asi/i 
yeung mo ; betel-unt shears,. 
W\ \^^' Sc 1^^^'^ ^*^"o /f</ra<\ 

WS<\ M /'''" ^0"= ^^^'^p- 

Shears, ^v ^ haaic'- ii^in. 
Sheatli, 1'^ As'iV, 7J^ /o- 

lwlc\ 
Sheathing, ^J /^ ^ ^ 

A^ touj shuen s/ia;i lie 

mat ; copper sheathing,. 

^ ^ t-uung i/i/?\ 



SHE 



386 



SHE 



Shed, a, ^ 'ch^ong, ^ ,„ 
p'uung-S'//'«?/y ; mat-shed, 

to put up a shed, :(|: ^ i 
taa}? p-aans!: ; a drying 
shed, gffiff) •^^'^'«*' p'lian.s: ; j 
to shed tears, 'f^ ^5^ 

yup liUuK i5tt 0Pi M '»" 
Sigaan hii', "J^ '^ ha I 
luP; the sun sheds Hglit 
on the earth, P $i] 3t 
J^ i-tli T'-^^ ^^'^^ ki'-ong 
ice ti . 

Shocn, -3t nS ^'^''^"^ ^"'' 

-^ 3^. /.'UV)/j/7 wa. 
Sheep. ^ *yeang, ,^, ^ 

niin-*yeung ; a flock of 

sheep, — 5 ^^ -¥ y^^ 
k'wun min veiing ; this 
sheep, \i)i^^^ ni 
rheh^ min ycun^- ; sheep's 
head, ^ ^ yeniig fan ; 
slieep's 'trotters,' ^ ]]^p 
yeunof kei/lc ; slieep's heart, 
^ j|\> yeniisf •«''''" ; sheep's 
kidneys, i|^ jjg jeung i;< ; 
sheep's Uvcr, ^3f J'^'^^S 
/w/m ; dried sheep's tail, 



-%- ^ tlI' ysung mi pa ; 

the bleating of sheep, 0^ 

me : sheep-pen, /\\ i^ j^ 

sin yenng laan ; sheep- 

marked %^-^Z1^ ^§i 
maai yeung Ice sni 
ch'eung ; sheep-skin, ^^ 
J^ ycung i)'i ; to cast 

sheep's eyes at a thing, 
c 

^6' 



;1»I'0R^ ts'e Sigaan hohn, 
"^ BP<. ^ ^"' ngaau kok. 
Sheep-fold, ^ fjj^ yeung- 
laan. 

Sheepish, ^g |g|g SI /'^'^Z^' 
/.t'w/.: - ngok - ngok ; my 
friend looked very sheepish, 

ngoh yau km n: Ao i 

■> 

szr . 

Sheer, '^^ -j^ tseng -hai , 

K f^' ''^'' ^'='''' ^^ '& 

pat k/roh', J^ g|, i ki : 
through sheer age, j^ ^ 

*^- n ^/'^ y^" "'" sA ?///?. 

yat /rrn/; to sheer cif, ^ 
1^ S.en /...^ g| Gr^ U 
l/oi. 



SHE 



3S' 



SHI 



Kheot, (of a bed) f^g. 'p'i- ' Shelter, Jg jjg r//f-;w»\ )[f^ 
/^a», (of jiaper) \j^ chcnng, I ^/^^'-oo^ J^^^ I't^-ynni* ■ 
(-ropes) JJ^iJE liii'-slieno- : ' Sliephenl, 6^ ^i \ muiik- 

yLun«,'-yaii. ^ ^ iniiiik- 
t'unnjr, d^ :g- niuiik V///', 
^ij^^ /<'>//;i youiif,' No. 
Slie[)lic'rd's |uirso, >^^ ts'ai. 
Sheriff, 'g ^ 'g cli'iifii- 
p'lic'-koon, ^l^'^ sheiifj 

Shield, )|^ j^' i)'aai-^t'nun, 
j^ -^ jjl^ tMinii s/irtw 
p'aai, jjl^ jg t'aaiig f/t^*, 
(rattan-j jj^-jflf! L'antj-p'aai. 

Shift, (to) ^(\ oon\ ^poon^ 
i, (move) '^j^ //W'//^', 



a sheet ol copper, — — l^ 

^ Jr •'/■'^^ /''^"' t'miiig 
jw'«;t : a hound loss sheet of 

//^/^ pHii 1110 iiiiaai /'^ 
V<?/i"; to sheet, ^Jr^ jig 
;|j|^ /roi 'i pok ^paan. 

Sheet-anchor, "^ ^jjj taai 
naaii. 

.Shelf, ^^^ icaak^ -^paan, ^ 
ka ; a book shelf, ^ ^ 
s/ii/e ka' : on the shelf, 

ffi ^ ±. t-^»'' ^"^'' 
shell ng'. 

Shell, il:^,^ ]oh-hok\ \o-hok\ 

(of eggs, ttc.) ^' 7/o//; 

tortoise-shell (used in 



divination) ^^ ^ hicai 

hnk ; mother o' ])earl shell, 

^- -|^ ^ wan mo Jwk ; 

to shell peas, J^ || :j||j 

o^ ;;/// hoh hum tin ; to 

shell, $1] f^ ;/w/;' holi. 

Shellac, ^ U '^ 't^ze 

kang ifm. 



(expedient) gj* kai ; (an 
under garment) y^ ;^ 
hohn'' / ; he makes shift, 
to get a living, jg jg- jj^ 
^ ^ 'k'ue r//'tr A'^f/' 
uiik sliik ; the wind con- 
stantly shifts abiit, j^ 

fe » tf n): ^^1^ >£ 

JtiuiKj tsoli cuufii yau'* 
ch'-ui pat tenu"*: shift.ing 
sands, ^ ^ ^ v|^ /sc/»a 
tuiing' /.V s^^^ ♦^ y^- 



SHI 



388 



SHI- 



lau sha ; to shift away, 
■i^ j^ /'//;■ hin^. 

Shin, flf 8§ t-^'i "-!''" ; the 
shiu-buiKs ^|>Bi|f|*»g^'i' 
liin hiruf, ^«i »J|* /^^^'//' 
hiruf. 

Shine, ^jl j^faae-hirong, flg 
<:/a'«\ (Lii'on) Hji 3]^ c/i/i< - 
ktvong ; May happy stars 
shine aronnd you, j|;g ^ 
idh n^^ ///''/'^ s^yj// ^^uung 
rhiu; tlio sun shines, Q 
flS yat rA/;;'; the moon 
shine, fi HJ\ net rhiu^ ; 
the li<rht sliines in the 

si->'". 3fe }!?. J^ at * 

k'vong rhiu' ue om^ clniung ; 
wishes to shines in the 

wori.1, g\- :aE 111; ± # 
^ iTii fe' :g i-""k tsoi' 

shai^ sheung^ tak lo i tik 
meng. 
Shinoles, '^ ^ mnuk nga, 
:g ^ shik 'tsze, |g i^ 
g ill tarn' 'sill, gj- pi^ 
3^ /?/<^ moon s/^?. 



Ship, ^ sluieii, (full rigged) 
=^ i^; i'ln ilFl^ saam-chl- 



m mi 

Avai-sliuen ; to go on board 
a ship, J^^ ^ ^shenng 
shnen, "^ /^fi ^"''/^ shuen ; 
to buil(T'~a ship, gl f^ 
kiii^ shnen ; mercliaut ship, 
T^ )!]ft '^^"'"'I'y ^hnen ; a 
warship, ^J^ /:)jj^ cliui' 
slinen ; on board blii[), ^^ 
Ml il '-^^^^^ shuen sheung^; 
a fleet of ships, — ■ ^ ^ 
yat poiifi shnen ; to ship 
goods, ^ "^ lok foil'. 

Ship-broker, f^ /f^ ^^^ |£ 
/so shnen he/n/ /u^. 

Ship-building, ^ |;|g chong- 
sliuen. 

Ship-holder, (or-owner), j|^ 
^^ /s^ shuen Ze^ "^tV/z^^ 
yaii. 

Ship-master, j^ ^ shnen 
V//»(°, {:Jj^ ^]]] si men s^:^. 

Ship-mate, ji ij j'jg '^ ^^f^ -^ 
5" t'nnng shnen /t?;// shtd 



sha a clip. 



Shipment, g^;;>$: lok 

/o/i' Jce^ sze^; heavy and 



81II 



o89 



SHI 



continuous sliipments of 

luuk tsaulv ki' Uiai^ }Wiuj 
hum. 

Shipptr, # U A foo' Z"^^^' 
van. 

Shipping, M f^ ^ S 
shuen mo"* shanrj »'; the 
shipping of England exceeds 
that of any other country, 

^ J^ ^ •'■^"'^ /<:/«'('/;; ke^ 
shueu nio^ pi^ a:()/c^ kwok 
kang"* kiconp. 
Ship-wreck, :^ /f{J /o/i'- 
shuen, |5l j^ eh'am 
shuen ; sln]nvrecked sailors, 

ne^ ch'ani laan^ sliuen ke^ 

shui shau ; many ships 

are wrecked annually on 

these rocks. ^^^]^W] 

mooi nin ni ti shek sheung^ 
yau ho toll shuen 'p'olc' 
laan\ 
Shipwright, ^ [g shueu 
tseung\ 
26 



Shire, ^^ shaanfj. 

Shirk, U '^ %//-pi\ 1^ 

I'ui cJi^uut huc^ ; cannot 
shirk it, fl^ :^ 1^ ^'u» 
7^/" lioi ; never shirk duty 
for pleasure. ^ ^- "T. 

* ifn m ia ^'^ '"^^t pp 

kuiing foo i ^s'?<<» yat lok. 

Shirt, ^ ^'^ noi^-5/<afl;;2, 
(under) ^ -^ :j^ kan^- 
shan-i, '^^ ^^ hohn^- 
sJiaam. 

Shirting, 7$ ^ yeung ;?o-; 
gray shirting, J^ "^ y^ 
^ uen s/^//c yeung 2^c^\ 
dyed brocade shirting, "^ 

;^:f£^s^"/^ t'ai/«;)o^ 

dyed spotted shirting, "^ 

^ ?£ ^ ^^''^^ ^'"■«»' /" 
^w ; white spotted shirting, 

/a iw^\ white plain shirting, 

#: Q '/¥ 1B >'''■" Paak 
yeung po\ fill: :f2 ^ mo 

/"a iw\ 



SHO 



390 



SHO 



Shiver, (with cold) :ij)^ 
ta- \vi\x\\g-chan^, (shutter) 

l)''oh sui . 

Shoals, (rapids) '^ j^^ sha- 
taan ; a shoal of fish, — • 
n^"^^ yat chan ue ; vast 
shoals of herrinpfs, 3^ jj^ 
fi® f^ 'S taai chan'' ts'o 
paak ue. 

Shock, (shake) ^^ chan - 
tuung (violence) ^ ^ 
shai -hnunci ; he gave me a 
shock, 1g — B$ ^ $g 
^ M^ ^ 'k'ue^ya^ Shi 
leng ngoh keng hi loi ; 
the death of his son must 
be a great shock to him, 

^il^ i# M ^^''"® '^'~' ^''^ 



sze jiit leng k'ue sum 



am 



ts'aam sheung ; I 

shocked, ^ i^i^ ^ -^ 

''ngoh sum kin sheung ,- 
to shock one s feelings, ^ 
'I'r yik ts'ing ,- the shocks 
of fortune, ^ j§ ^ S| 
^shoh ue^ /i;e naan\ 



Shocking, '[^ ^^sV^am, f^il^^ 
sheung-sum ; received a 
shocking wound, ^ -^ 
Ij^ ^ shau' sheung shum^ 
'ch'uung. 

Shoe, 1^ haai, (pair of shoes) 

^ ^^ ^'<' -^^^ai ; straw 
shoes (such as coolies wear), 
^, ^ 's'o haai ; leather 
shoes, J^ 1^ p'i haai ; 
to wear shoes, ^ |^ 
ch'iicn haai ; to take off 
shoes, fj^ 1^ i^'w^;;^ haai ; 
the toe of a shoe, |^ ^S 
haai t'au ; the heel of a 
shoe, 1^ J^ haai mi ; 
the sole of a shoe, ^^ fg 
haai tai ; to shoe (i.e., a 
horse) $J ,g ^ teng 
ma ^rt^7^ ; to put on shoes, 
^* S^ cheuk^ haai ; shoes 
for compressed feet, 3 
^^ kuiing haai. 

Shoe-horn, 1^ ;^ haai-pat, 
ffl^ Jto haai-f^'ai^. 

Shoe-(or boot-) lace, 
haai taai'. 



SHO 



301 



SHO 



Shoe-maker, IS| ^ haai 



tseung . 



Shoe-meiider {i.e., cobbler), 

Shoot, (to) ^^ slie\ -^ Va, 
(to sprout) ^ ^ ch'uut- 
smvi ; to shoot out fingers 
in playinf; ' morra,' ^j ^ 
ch^uut suwi : to shoot an 
arrow, j|;J' ^ she^ /sin\ 

shoot at random, j^ )^ 
■gtf /*/'^^ laang fsm^ to 
shoot on the v>mg, !^\ ^ 

t .' 

IHU 

shoot ahead, ^ 3I] 
/foAn Z'/roA^ t'au ; to shoot 

into, '^j :fte A* 'fo 
p'aau yup /iue ; to shoot 
out branches, ^ jjt^ faat' 
chi. 
Shoots, -^ -j^ nuen^ S2<mw ,- 
bamboo-shoots, ^ ^ 
chunk- suun ; new shoots 
i^prout fi'om the root, ^ 



to shoot through, 

P- ta cJtUtPH ; to 



smin van shne' kan faa^ 
(/i^uiit lai : bph't and dried 
shoots, ^ ^ /oA sw?m, 
or ^^ p.^ suun hohn. 
Shop? ^ H ;)'o'-*t'au ; 
he opens a rice shop, j^ 

7;'(? ; I keep a shop, ^|^ 

t'au ; a small shop, ^^ ^ 
p'o^ ^tsai ; my shop, -^ 
^ lo jtj'o^ chandler's or 
grocer's shop, H '^ §| 
tsaap/o/i ^)'o ; shop people, 

^ ^ P'o^ ^^ '■ ^he shops 
in every street, ig. f^j ^ 
^ /roA;' /jfwi j!;'o^ 00^; 
shop keeper {i.p. tenant) 
>^j|j ^ ;r« Aflf/A' ; stay in 
the shop and pay no rent, 

m M 1£ ffl k"«' ^';';' 

^'6>A iso : to shop, A %^\ 
^(^ yup />'o maai mat; 
to shut up shop, ||^ jj^ 

Shop-man, ^ j;^ -^ maai'- 
foh'-'shau, (head) ^ ;fg 
f/j<'W/^-*kwai\ 



SHO 



392 



SHO 



Shore, jM: ngohn^ on shore 
or afloat, :^;1:^::|5E;^ 

tsoi' ngohu^ waak tsoi^ hoi : 
the captain is going on 
shore, ^eHJJi/l: shiien 
sze maai ugohu ; to go 
ashore, Jh |M sheung 
ngohn''; olf the shore, ^^ 
^ kanJc ngohn^; there is 
still the shore behind, i.e., 
repent while there is time, 

19 S3 ft /^ oci t'au shi' 
ngolm^; last on board, first 
on shore, 
j^ ch-i 



loi, si)t 



sheung 
ngohn'. 

JShore np, ^ ^^ ch'aaug- 
chue\ 

Short, (length) ^_g Uucn, 
(time) ^^ U^ tsaam -shi, 
-^ ij^ mo noi'; in height, 
^ at ; a short month, 
^ /]> net sill ; short 
days, 4o yat titen, or 

^ ^3. ^'''* '"*'' '■ otiither 
long nor short, i.e., exact, 

^ M^M i'"^ ch'enng 
J* a/ /j^f;j ; much too short, 



fe ^ jrH" fe '^"''" ^^'^'^ 

ko»i^ turn ; a short cut, 
i^M ^^ ^aang lo'; to fall 
short of one's expectations, 

-^ ^R l^JT 3^ /^a/ ue "^s/io/^ 
mong^; to come short of 
one's intentions, ^^ ^^ 
iS ^ ;w^ sui^ k'i t"^: 
a short memory, ^It ="[! 
4^ mo hi' senff': short of 
Itreath, ^p^ hi ch'uen ; 
in short, ^l|| 'j^ tsmmg 
hai ; to cut short, v)^ 
kaam. 
Short coming, ^^ ^ fiien 

Short-hand, ^^^ /rr/o'???- 
jnit-tsze ; to write short 
hand, ^=^ ^^ .s,^rwy; s7i2<p. 

Shoit-sight, glJf^liP; kan^ 
shi'- ngaan. 

Shot, ^^ -jp taan'- tsze ; 
lead shot, ^ ^|^ nen 
taan'; he is a dead shot, 

"■k'ue shi' ho W-eumj faat^ 
Ice^ van ; to load shot, J]\ 
"PgI ■?''^ ^"P p^aaii' ma. 



SHO 



393 



SHO 






« ying- 



Should, (ouj^lit) 

yw/yfun^; strictly speaking- 
it should bo done thus, 

4^ ® 1p ® ft >^" 

ijing \vA? /com tso ; should 

he see, ^P ^ fg ^ ue 

kicoh ""k'ue /a^''; you 

should not smoke so much, 

ni 'm i/iiig k'-ap ue ts'-ze 
(oh in ; should go, j^ ^^ 
should <xet, 



yng 



wong ; 



Shoulder, ^Bp kin-pok , ^^ 
^5 pok -t'au, ^ ^ /a>i 
fan ; to take tlie whole 
<luty on one's own shoulders, 

— fl # M y''^ ^'''' 
faam 



taai ; to shoulder, 
__ 'hi Pok\ J^ ^ 

^ _|^ /b/jf/ tsoi kin 
sheuug""; change shoulders, 

' shoulder ' trade, ».^., street j 
peddling, ai Sg 4 g ' 
pok t'au sluing i ; to carry 
all on oue shoulder, — , 



at ^ ^ y^^ v'^ ^''^' 

saai ; chair-coolie's shoulder 
cloth, fg: 5g \\] taap 
pok kan. 

Shoulder of mutton, ^ -^ 
yeung- shaii. 

Shout, p^ ^ hoht'-sheng ; 
shouting in front and 
crowdiuij; Ijehind, "^ P^ 
:^ m ts'in /ofl hau' 
guung ; to shout a com- 
mand, P^ ^ hoh^ leng^ 
to give a shout, P^ — -^ 
/to/i^' yat sheng ; to give a 
loud shout, ~f^^ — ■ B^ 
taai' s^f?2/7 //rt^ AtV, -^ 
^Ig-BiJ. taai' s/tey?^ A<«^' 
kiic^; to shout with joy, 
Mkp^ foon foo ; he shouted 
for joy, tEH^Sffi 
P$. ^k'ue yaii hi kek 
k'wong /oo ; to shout at 
the pitch of one's voice, 

^ PI S rfn Pf tsuun' 

hvi sheng i foo. 
Shove, :(g:p tHii\img, ^ 
P^ ^Hung-hoi, (along) f^S" 
Van^hue ,(pole) ^ch^aang; 



SHO 



394 



SHO 



he bhoved me out of dooi"s, 

fH ffi S HJ fl 'k'»e 
t^ui ngoh ch'iiut moon ; 
to shove to the rear, Ij^ 
^j^ /-ui ban'; to shove 
down, ;f^ ^ t'ui lok ; to 
shove along in front, ^j^ 
fiij t'ui ts'in ; to shove 

off, :|tPrl t'ni/wi,^i^ 

hS ?/»/?^^ hoi fan ; to 
sliove into, ^^ ^ t'ui 
yup. 
Shovel, ^^ ch'-aan ; a set of 
shovel and tongs, — • |||| 
^ ^^ yctt foo^ ch'-aan 
k'im ; a small rice-shovel, 
^ ^^ ^^^ c/i'rtrtn ; he 
shovels rice into his mouth, 

p'a faau yup //«u shik ; 
to shovel up, ^ ^ 
eh^aan hi. 

Show, -(^ — g^ V — V«», 

(point out) :|=g[;7j^ <-/^i-shi^ 

show me, j^ ^ g^ >i 

ngoh ^'a» ; to show off, 

^ A ^ y""^ y^^ ^^** '■ 

show me a book, ^ ^ 



■^ ^ ^ ^'"^" P°' *^"'^ 
ngoh hohn ; to show the 

show beforehand, y^ yj^ 
sin shi^ to show forth, 

IS tti "i' rh'unt; to 
show kindness, ]^ \^ shi 
yan ,• there is evidence to 

f «"•. ^ '® m =ts [i{ 

yau p'ang kue^ '^rhi chHiut ; 
I can clearly show you, 

^ 93 ^T i& ^ '"g«i» 

meng shi^ ni c/ii ; with 
a show of friendship, ^^ 

yau ; to make a show of 
anger, jgff 3SK 'A:^ ^Wc' 
no'; for mere hliow, =^ 
P cha' tsok\ jg @ 
ka wai. 
Shower, |j^ p|| chan'- ue ; 
a violent shower, — • UM 
yat chan'' po' ue ; 



:^^ 



a shower of stones, ^^P 
j^ ~K sbek ue ue ha^ 
a shower of favours, J^ 

N M ^ y-^'^ •^'"""^ 

ue lo\ 



I 



SHR 



31) 



SIIU 



Showv, j^h i^Jj p'aai-ch'eung. 
Shred, *^[| fi^ laan'-t'iii. 
Bbrew, iJJ'l M o/i:'-*p'oh. 
Shrewd, 0i f||J nia-lP, g 

shrewd fellow, — ■ {]ji i^^ 
7jat t'o wut ; he is very 
shrewd, |g ^ ^»|j k'ne 
shum' \?. 

Shriek, t^- ^ kiii'-s/ienr/. 

Shrike, 4}^ ^^ paak-Viu. 

Shrill, ^ ^^yj> ^han-'^heung ; 
the shrill tones ascribed to 
imps, ghosts, squeaking of 
mice, etc., IJ=J flfj ^ 
Artfc'i^ /^/r/Y sheng. 

Shrimp, ^ /w ,• small sea- 
shrimps, ^ i'R^ ngan ha ; 
small dried shrimps, $^ 
^ /irt mai ; as lively as 
a shrimp (our "kitten"; 
said of children), £^$^11^ 
l^t shang ha konv' Piu. 

Shrine, )ji^ ^ shan-/»om, 
^ ^ jw tsoh\ jji 
shan tsoh\ 



Shrink, ^^^j-] ^J_F .s7n«</c-maai ; 
this clotli shrinks a great 

fs'-zo 'po' shui/k tiien shum 
toh. 
Shrive, ^ j^^ kaai hoi, 

kaai tsui\ 
Shrivel, ^^ ch'aau. 
Shroff, ^^^^ hohn ngan 
yan, i|^ 1^ ^ sAr/2^ ngan 

Shroffing, ^ i% Z ^ 

hohn ngan /ie"* sze\ 
Shroud, ^^ ^^ shau^-t. 
Shrouding, j|^^ sAai(- lim. 
Shrouds, (of a ship) _t |il|f.|i 

i^ ^sheung-wai-*shing-^«/. 
Shrub, g g) V/j-sbue\ 
Shrug the slioulders, |}| g^ 

shuuk-pok . 
Shudder, ^^i"^ '^ta-chan\ ^ 

'[^ (7ii/?'-luut. 
Shuttle, (to push one way 

and the other), ^ 



luen 



wun^ tsaap, ^I 

tsaap, ^t ^ ^;^ i- ^'«» 

loi tui km'; to shuttle off, 



SH U 



396 



SHU 



:^ ^ fai hue\ 

Viii hoi ; to shuffle tlie 
blame on another, ^^ ^ 
■fc^ A i Juroh^ vc yan. 
Sli utile cards, ^ )i$ '.srn- 
*p'aai, ^^^f;^ '^hai 
chi it'aai. 

shumincr, [ig gq |{g ijg 

i/jtw- shim - sh link - sh tiuk ; , 
shutflinj; about, ^ j^ 
l^tj [3*^ fut/n(j ch'e sni 
shim. t 

Shun, ^ pi\ [^q g '.^him ^ 

V^\ 551 S P^' '^''' «^'^''^ ' 
one shuns you, ;^ ^^ ^ 

^f^ /.o/t yan ki pi' ni : 
to sliun a person, ^ ^ 
])i^ yan ; to shun mis- 
fortune, ^|j§ pi' woh\ 

Shunt, fl i|g — • ^ hang 
maai 7/at jnn, ^^ |pjj shim 
chak. 

Shut, ^ ktcaan. (fasten 
with a bar), ^q ^ 
shaan-maai, (to close to) 
t^ -^ j'»2-maai. (to close 



together), '^i^ hop-maai, 
(lock) ^ ^ so/i- chue*, 
(stuff), g sa/', (seal) ^ 
///?//?9 ; shut the door, iW 
PH^^ /w moon shaan 
chue^ to shut the gate, 
Jtj^ ^ "'' chaap ; to shut 
a shop, lyj j|g '/»i Am , 
J^^ ^j| 'sheung ;)'o ; to 
i^hut in, [j^ ^ wai chue ; 
to shut out, Pg /(g A 
'm chiiini yup ; to shut 
np, [^ ^ wai kHvwt'', to 
shut the eyes, ^ g im 
muuk ; to shut the mouth, 






^ja/" in ; told him to ' shut 

HK tt4 fg ^J [li ^ 

hV k'ue mat ch^mit slieng ; 
shut up a shop (legally) 

Shutters, ^ j^ ch'eung- 
paan ; shutter-bolt, ^^ 
j^ j^M. ch'-eimg jjaaii 
sunt. 



SIH 



31)7 



810 



Shuttle, ;JJ|» cli'iie ; as full 

of learniii2: as a filled 

shuttle, ^ ;(vf ^l ^ 

funk ch'ue keiig luuu ; 

broke up loom aud shuttle, 

Mlit^'l'f' ^"*-''^ ^'* ch'ue; 
to throw the shuttle, ijj^ 
:j^ jLi'ff^M so, ^ :|^ 

ch^ur-n so ; time flies like 
a shuttle, H ^ $P ^ 
yat uet ue so. 
Shuttle-cock, ^^)y ^ /'e/^-*iu\ 

;g //// c/n, J 

p' ' i£ C^ ^"j' *■ 

shy as a girl, -^^ ^ ff 
^. ^k. ^i "^ ""^ ^^''" 

Shy, to (/.5., to throw), he 
shied a stone at me, j^ 

ta :S e Ife ^'^^"^ ^' ^i^^i^ 

t'au ngoh. 
*^iam, j^ ^.^^ [n^ 7s't«i -loh- 

Sibyl, ^ h±^Z± 
mi j^i^///: s»;? chi ke nue. 



;i<??j 



as 



Sick, ^ 
(stomach-) 



I, mi 



heart-sick with 
hope, JJ*-^ ^ 



Van-peng", 

c ' c 

seiing- au ; 



deferred 
cheang 

rnong"; sea-sickness, Di§ 
']R '"^^ long^ to be sick 

''\ W' 'Z, »■"»' ^^'^ )p 

2'm ; he is sick at heart, 

tg iCi) ^ 5^ 'k'ue sum 

yau peng ; sick with 

grief, g| 5 ^ ?^ y«'» 
7/fl?< yau peng ; very sick, 
^ 2 F®"o ^ch'uung ; 
to ask for sick leav^e, -^ 
fg /w' peng' ka\ *g 
;^o pcng ; to fall sick, 



C. 3 

im peng : 



sick ill 



bed, gX ^ ngoh' peng'; 
sick and died, i.e., a natural 
death, ^ ^ peng' kod* ; 



dangerously sick, ^ 4^ 



/to ^ch'nung. 



^flr/j knait 

M pe»g' 



Sicken, (to) 

/^ ^ s/i«/^^ peng\ 



'/?t peng', 



SID 



398 



SIF 



/?, 



lim, %i i 



^ p'ong- 



Sickle, I 
woh lim. 
Side, ^ pin, 

Pi>i, iB'J ^ chali-pin, (of 
the l)O(ly) /J>^ 'siV/-'iw ,- 
This side up, with care ! 

iH: IS {«i ± v.^.-. pin^ 

hewui sheung, jt^ ^ 

to oijca at the side, fnj 
^ p^ Af z/>?^ waang ^oj ; 
a side door, ->j^ ^^ waang 
moon : on the right (hand) 
side, ^£ ;^ ^ fii tsoi' 
yaii shall pni ; grow on 
the sides of tlie road, :J£ 

^ ^ ^ ^^°^^ ^^^ V^^^ 
shang ; we two sat side by 

ngoh leung kok yan peng^ 
""ts'oh ; sat by my side, ^ 
J^ IH'J "^^'^'^ *^ngoh chak ; 
on his side, ffi fg ;2 g 



3 c 






tong, 



> c 



tsoi k'ue Ice 

BS IE i^^"/7 choh 

one sided view, — ^^ 



k'ue ; 



yat mi a' cAi ts'ze ; 

side wind, )^ J^ waang 

fuung : on all sides, ^ 

^ f/ir«< wai. 
Sideways, jt^'lpj] /^'enr/ c //«/■: ,- 

look side- ways, ^ jf£ 

ts'e shi . 
Siege, (to lay) g| ^^ wai- 

chue^ ; to lay siege to the 

iu /s'j(? sheiig ; to raise 
the siege, ^ ^ Vrfl!f/» 
wai. 






U»- <^i 



IR- 



Sierra, ^^" len 

Siesta, p' § -f . Ao.^«an'- 

Sieve, ^ ^ .sAr//- ^az<, 
^E aArti /h'; rice sieve, 
y^ ^ uiai sAfa'; a flour 
sieve, i^ g^ V^i shai ; 
to pass flour through the 
sieve, |^ ^ sAaj." ^fun. 

Sift, g^ sA«/ ; to gift and 
throw away, |^ ^ sAat 
^'i/e/^ to sift an affair, 
^0^ — • ^ ch'a raeng 
yat 8ze ; bamboos sift {i.e., 
intercept) the moon-beams. 



SKi 



y.)'.) 



SKI 



^^/. chunk shai 



net ijeng .- to sift to the 
hottoni, :|f|i;^ t'ui lean . 

t'aan-sik ; to fetcli u sigh, 
:^ 1^ — P ^ ch'euiig 



taan yat hau hi • to 
heave a long sigh, -g^ P^ 
— ■ bS /^'^'^ /VMn"* //rt^ 
shong. 
Sight, iP; ^ 'ngaan-/iVt', 
(power of) ^P; ^J iigaan- 
lik ; a beautiful sight, >^ 
■^^ /;rwt keng ; the eight 
sights of Canton, Z|^ ^ 
/^ ijV y*^^^"S sheng jt>(7«< 
/i:e/?^ ; a pretty sight, *^ 
^^ /5'f/?/7 i'^;?,^ ,• at li\e 
day's sight, ^ H ^ 
_^ Q /a'// /^w/i liau ng 
yat ; to be out of sight, 
Pg^ 'm kin; good (eye) 
sight, Jtfgg;/] Vio'ngaan 
lik ; a fine sight, ^ ^ 
^lio hoh», j^ 3^ -gV ViO 
ku'ong keng ; at first sight, 
^7/^ ''^''^'^^ ^'i'i'; i» sight, 



Tiy ^ /io/< kiii^\ at sight, 
JO ^tJ" ill foo ; out of 
sight out of mind, pS. ^ 

pSi fli] ;e ip K A •"> 

A-/7i^ miii^ is((k k'euk^ k'i 
yau ; payable at sight, ^ 
W| ^ §^ /a///* /fmn /raau 
ngan. 
Sie:htless, "S* maang 



/lO' f-di. 



Sigl'tly, if li^, 

Sign, (one's name) ^ ^ 
As'»;«-*meng, (a trace) -^ 
i^jj> ying-tsik, (an omen) 
^b.IR chiu'-t'au, (a mark) 
^ ho^ talking over-much 
is a sign of vanity, ^ 

^ ikf* fiE "^ ^^^* ^"^ ^'"^ '■ 

signs of the times, H^ -^ 
shi /ri";?// ; he uses many 

Bigns,^ nmviifM 

g^ '^knie yuung V/o /o//. 
ho' t'au ; to make sign 
with the hand, ^ -^ ^^ 
^a ■9Af«^ ho\ 
Signal, §^ ho'; a signal flag, 
^ ^ ho' k'i ; signal 

g"»' ^ 'ifl ^'o' /««"'• 



SIL 



400 



SIL 



Signal, (worthy of note), 
*a^ i sheung. 

Signboard, |^ ^ chm-\)'a.ai. 

Significance, Sis^nification, ^ 
i^ s-e'; the 
of a word, 

ont the signification, ^^ 

m M: M ''^''^ ''^^'""^ ^'^ 
i'; each word has its own 



signification 



signification. 



niooi tsze' 



o ■? 



/rrtrtf yau 2 
Signify, (mean) ^^ 



13 



i^-hai\ (refer to) 

(make signs) jj^ ^'^ shi^- 



U c , . 



^^ 001 -i , kW S 



haai''-i^; it signifies, ja^ 

1i «' j^ai\ ^ ^^ i^ sLT. 

Silence, ^^ p^|t tsik-tsing\ 
^^ mo-s/if??^ ; silence I 
^ Hj ^ ^"""^ r/i'MW^ 
s/ie»(7 ; to keep silence, 
^ Hf mat ts'o, |g p 
7rf^a//j Af/?/ ,- silence gives 
consent, ]^ ^ 



IB yfc ?'^'^ in pin' ying" 

wun. 

Silent, ^^i p^ tsing'-*tsing^; 

extremely silent, ^ |^ 

y :;^ ;jf tseng' ^^ 'liu 

pat talc ; a silent man, ^i 

"^ ^ /c/ra in che ; as 

silent as the dead, ^p ^ 

f/ii tseng^ in. 

Silently, ^i^ tsing'-*tsing'. 

Silk, (material) ^^,sze, (cloth) 
^j^ ch'an, (thread) ; raw 
silk (generally), ^ ^^, 
shang sze ; Nankin raw 
silk, 1^ ^^ 00 sze ; Canton 

raw silk, J^ ^S ^^'^ ^^^' 
wild raw silk, ^ ^ ^ 
ye ts'aara s-2f ,- silk reeled 
from double cocoons, |qJ 
^ ^^ t'unng /cuwn// sze ; 
refuse silk, JL M SS 
luen' sze t'au, ^ ^ ^^ 
t'in ts'aam sze ; thrown 

sill<- S ^ ^-^^'^ «2« / 
silk thread, i.e., sewing silk, 

MS ^^^ *»'^''' si^^ ^^^^^^ 
^ ^ sze faat^; mixtures 



SIL 



401 



SIM 






of silk and cotton, ^^ ^i \ 
sze min ; to wind or loel , 
silk from the cocoon, jm 

fang sze ; silk ribbon, ;jy^ 
^^ sze taai'; waste silk, 
^^ ^X- sze s?^/'; Canton 

silk floss, g :ii ^% tt 

^ku'ong tuung sze yuun":. 

Silk-worm, ^ ^^ ts'aam- 
*cli'uung ; dried edible 
silk-worms, ^ tl^ ^2 
ts'aam cli'-uung kohn, ^^ 
^ ts'aam 'nan. 

Sill, ;ij^^ cli'aan, *'cli'aam ; 
the sill of a door, f^ |$^ 
moon kan ; a window sill, 
I ch'eung kan, ^ 
^ cW'eung Iaam\ 

Silly* ^ ^ ngoi-ngoi, >^[H] 
^^ uup-shik ; a silly man, 

^ A "^-°^ ^^" 5 sillv 
words, ;^ "^ ngoi in ; 
how silly ! p^ ^ kor)^ 
ngoi ; the silly people, ^r^^ 
^^ lie mun. 



Silt, (mnd) ;^ -J^ nai ''I'o ; 

(to) Jiil M itM ^ 'i nai 

t'in sak. 
Silvan, ;fg ||, HIJ^ sliue' 

luni //. 
Silver, ^ ngan, *ngan, ^ 

/^> paak kum ; silver dust, 
yui^ ngan ; silver 



alloyed with copper. aj| 






^^ t'unng ngan ; broken 
silver, ^f^ ^^ «?//■* ngan ; 
articles made of silver, ^^ 
:§§: ngan 7^/'; silver medal, 
§g j{^ ngan p'aai : a 
silver-smith, tT^filfjfil 
to ngan s7.o foo^; sycee 
(silver) ^ ^ mun ngan,. 

ntHi SS ^ ^«^' «^^ "ga» ; 

a milled silver dollar, ^ 

Similar, ^^X 'ts'ze, ^ ^-fy 
seimg- ts'ze, ^j^ -^ Ao- 

ts'ze ; made in a similar 
manner, — ;^^ jg^ ^ 
yrt^ yeung tso^ fctat^: is it 
similar or not, ^ p^ ^^ 

ts'ze 'm ts'ze ; not very 
similar, pS. ^ -^ 'm /oA 



sni 



402 



SIN 



ts'ze ; exactly similar to 

30"» ^ /£ f$ 'ts'ze 
tsmik 11 i. 
Similarity, fj 'ts'zc, -(^^fy 

tsenng ^ts'ze ; great sim- 
ilarity Avith each other, 

seung ts'ze. 

Simile, J;(^ "^ V» ^"e. 

Simmer, *|^ ij^ ^ maau^ 
*maan chxie ; simmer to a 
paste, ^^ 'g' nt^o Z-fl. 

Simony, '^MMK;2# 
inaai maai .'•■A^/zy chrk 
Jce^ tsni\ 
Simper, *^y^ ^ Iaarg-sm\ 
Simple, ;j^ ^ jtoJc'-so^, 
(minded) ^ T^ ch'-unn- 
chek, (easy) ^ ^ ynnng- 
i^ very simple, ^ ^^ 
sham tnHn ; simple-min- 
ded, j^ ^ p'-ok ghat ; 
simple diet, ^ ^ ^;^ so^ 
shik mat; pure and simple, 

U: ^ '"0 '' IE jE 1S 

clien(j rhcnr/^ hai^; a simple 

matter, f J Q ^ :^ 

^s'm paak kin sze""; a 



simple idea, ?iQ^;J;g 
H^ ts'in paak /cc i Aj;>j\ 

Simply, ^ ^chi, yp. g pat 
kivoh , ^(^ tunk ; simply 
this way, ^ ® ^ 1®^ ;^ 
tuuk hai kom yeung ; 
simply myself, ^ @ 2* 
tunk tsze ki. 

Simi)leton, ^^"^ ngoi- Jo. 

Simulate, {^ yeung, '/^ y^ 
muung wun , y^ "^ wun 
ch'-uunfj ; simulated drinken- 
ness, YM ^^1^ yeung isui ; 
simulated madness, ^^ ^^ 
yeung k'wong. 

Simultaneous, |ij B$ Hfl^ 
t'nung shi ti, — • ^ yat 
ts'ai. 

Simultaneously, [^ — • R^ 
t'uung yat shi ; simultan- 
eously arrived, |^ 0^ gj 
t'uung shi io\ 

Sin, P tsui\ P ^^ tsui^ 
oZ'; , (to) :^[J, ^{£ faan -tsui ; 

I cm . J 

a great sm, --/r ^ji taai 
tsni ; a venial sin, yJ^ ^ 



.s»/ tsui ; a mortal sin, 
sze tsui : to forgive 



.SIN 



403 



SIN 



i 



sin, ^ 5^ she tsni ; lie 
confesses liis sins, j^ Q 
IS ft '^^'"6 tszc' ying' 
tsui ; to sin against heaven, 

S f P >J^ ^ ^^'°^ *^^"^^ 
i^e t^iyi ; to Bin against 

God, g P J: ^7^ vvok 
tsui slieiing tai'; to repent 
of sin, i\j^ p /rtcj" tsui . 

Since, ^ J^^ ts'unng 

^i-loi, (seeing that) j^ 

^ [^ h -in-Z'a(77?, (how 
long ?) ;g :^" 



=ij». «if 



•iit 



V/i- 



vau- /rt-'noi 



y^ 



(because) 
;^ ywi wai', (after- 
wards) :^ hau""; since the 
world began, § ^ i\!j 
^U^l^^ tsze' tHn fi 
ch'oh hoi i loi ; since my 
arrival, @ ^^^ij ;^ ^ 
tsze ngoh to chi hau ; 
about five year since, M^ 

-3£ ^ BU" y^"^' ^°= "^" 
ts'in ; several years since, 

HJ^ 4^ ^ s//o nin ts'in ; 

since it is so, ^|J g^, -j^ 

Z:t in hai kom. 



Sincere, ^" j^^ shing-shat, 

'^ ^ chaavi teng pat 
NZ (lit., to split nails and 
draw out wire) ; a sincere 

friend, ^|^:2^'/'^» 
shing ke 'yau ; a sincere 
mind, ^ i^ ch'ek sum ; 
what I sinccrelv desire, 

sheng s^i-m 5A0A uen . 
Sir.ecure, ^ ^ hue thek^ 

"^ f£ f$ shik kokn 
fiiung. 

Sinew, ^ kan. 

Sing, pS c/rei^,V, pB ^ 
ch'-enny -koh ; to sing a 
hymn, ^Pg— ^-g;7J{)]^ 
ch'-eumj ijat shau shan 
s/n'; to sing Xankin ballads, 
P^ ^ fp] ch'eimg naam 
ts'ze ; to sing indecent 
songs (in Cantonese), pS 
'Jf^ '^ ch^eimg muuk ue ; 
to sing rapidly (at a 
theatre) P§|^[j^ ch'cung' 
jwng tsze. 



SIN 



404 



SIN 



Singe, *y^ j§^ shiu-nuung. 

Singing, P^^ ch'eung' koh ; 
u singing-girl, {^ ^ koh 
'k'i ; singing-book, ^ ^^ 
koh })oon ; singing-master, 
# giti ngok sze. ^ I 

Single, i3 /rw;?, ^^ chek ; 
he is a single man, jl^.;^ 
^^ Is/i ^i^*U6 mi ^s'//e 
As-Y<n ; she is still single, 

IE ^' i^ A ''^'"6 mi' 
/;a yan ; a single boat, 
■Ij^ — '^^ tuuk j/ai t'eng ; 
he has not a single cash, 

ydt niun ts'in io mo ; 
a single door, ^ P'^ /««?? 
moon ; single eyed, ^ gf^ 
taaii ngaan ; double and 
single, ^ '^ sheunr/ [ 
faan .• a single one, J0.~J^ 
— 'A^ taan ieng yat koh ; 
a single road there, .^^g 
^^ taan pin lo ; a single 
promise (of his) is worth 
a thousand taels, — • ^^ 
~^^ y^t nok ts^in kum ; 
to single out, f^ [fj ; 



kaan ch^mct, i^ \^ kann 
ch^uuf. 
Singly, (one by one) — • — • 

chuuk-//a^cliuuk-i ; mis- 
fortunes seldom come singly, 

W\ ^ ji- ^t ^oi^' v''^ 

taan hang ; they arrived 

singly, IS Pi ^ -; m 
k'ue ti chunk yat to . 

Singlestick, ^^ p'aang. 

Single-hearted, j^ ilf^ taan- 
Hum, ^^ i!^ rh^ek^-sum. 

Singular, ^- W. k'i-i ; a 
singular affair, [ij ^ Pg^ 
'^. rlthmt k'i ke sze ; 



singular conduct, \ 
^T @ ^' sheung hang wai ; 
a man of singular attain- 
inents, ^^ ^\ yf 1^ 
A^ A^ /Mrt^t ngoi ts'oi 



7:.^ 


van. 






Sinister, j^ 


''tsoh, 


(bad) ^ 


± 


% 


shai- 


Isoh-tHu ; 


sinis 


ter pr 


inciples 


, n is 


ts'e 


to ; 


sinister 


purpose, 


^^ 




ts'e '/ 


; sinister 






40: 



SIT 



Sink, y^L ^ ch'um-lok, (as a 
wall) 4]^ tsoh ; to sink 
under the wei<2:lit of, ^ 
^ shaf chi\ ^ t^ song 
sum; to sink and be 
drowned, ^^ ||| cli'um 
nik ; to sink into vice, 

sink into poverty, ^^ '^ 
^"^ ^'»/i wai p'un foo ; 
to sink a well, ^jM ^ 
kwut tsenff ; to sink a lot 
of money, ^ ^ ^ ^ 
^^/r/i /ii<e ho toh ng-AVi. 

Sinner, ^ ^ tsui -yan. 

Sinus, ^ net, (bay) t^ ivaan. 

Sip, pj^ J?J», 1^ cliuet ; 

I sipped a mouthful, ^^ 

I^ — ■ pj ngoh c/j?<^^ yrt^ 

hau ; to sip wine, Djff [J^ 

^® ;??t /t tsau. 

Siphon, ^'[^ /i;oA; -t'uung. 

Sir, \^ j^ ka -sheung , ]^ 
^ tsuen-ka , (Sirs) ^jj 

^ iit-/£«u»^, jij ^ >(i: 

^ lit wai yan heng. 
27 



:> I 



Sirius, ^ Jft ^ /•/>» long 

seng. 
Sister, (elder) ^^ \j^^ a - fse, 

(younger) ^^ 'i -"mooi ; 

are sister ships, J^ |gj ^X 

^ M ^ ^"^=^' •^'"""s 

k'wan ke shuen ya. 

Sister-in-law, djjC ^ shum- 
mo, (elder brother's wife) 
3* ® rt^-*^so, (younger 
brother's wife) ^ ^^ a - 
slmm, (wife's sisters) ^ 
^H ft -i, ft -I, (husband's 
sisters) ^ ^ ft -Zroo. 

Sit, ^ tsoh\ ^ts'oh ; pray 

sit down, 1^ ^ ts'eng 

ts*oh ; to sit in court, 

^ ^ 'ts'oh t'ong ; to 

ask leave to sit down, -^ 



J c, 



^ ko ts'oh ; a sitting of 
the Court, — • ^ yat 
t'ong ; sit a while longer, 
rfeT* )^ ^ts'oli ha Pirn ; 
sit up Ijigher, '^ J^^ 
ts'oh sheung ; no place 
to sit in, ^ pS -^ ^ts'oh 
'm lok ; to sit at table 
{i.e., at meals) -^ ^^ 



SIT 



406 



SIZ 



Voh *t'oi ; to sit up, ^ 
y^ ^ts'oh "^k'i ; the wind 
sits fair, ^ )g jU^ bai' 
shuun^ fmmg ; to sit in 
order, ^|j ^ lib 'ts'oh ; 
to Bit at the head, JE ^ 
chmg^ "^ts'oh ; to sit with, 
pg ^ p'ooi ^ts'oh. 

Site, ^ ^ ti' p'oon, ^ 
^ ii wai , 4^ ^ tso 
Avai'; site for a house, ^ 
j^ t<A; ti\ 

Situate, ^JE ^^^oi ; pleasantly 
situated, ^ % fe '^o ti' 
wai'; situated in the East, 
:gg ^ tsoi ' f!««?^ ; 
situated to the west of the 

gardens, :8E :fg H ;i B9 

tsoi fa *uen chi sai. 
Situation, j^^ ti'-wai^ ]^ 
::gC "^sAoA-tsoi^ (office) ^ 
^ cAtl'-yum ; to seek a 



situation, 2^ 
sze ip ; an 



ts'um 



situation, "^ 
ch'uung ; to 
unpleasant situation, ^ 



important 
§" yum 
be 



in an 



ho ti wai'; to fill a 



fc^ 



tong 



^ itf i* ft tsoi' 'm 

wai 
situation, 
chile. 
Six, -^ luuk ; six in one 
and half a dozen in the 
other, i.e., one as bad as 
the other, (lit., rats and 
birds in the same nest), 

^ ift 1^ K '^^"'^ "^^^^ 
t'uung foh. 

Sixfold, ^ ^ luuk p'ooi. 

Sixteen, "1^;;^ shap luuk. 



+ 



y^ 



tai 



Sixteenth, 

shap luuk. 
Sixth, ^ ^ tai -luuk ; the 

sixth time, -^ p^ P^ tai 

luuk fs'-ze ; the sixth month, 

•^ ^ luuk net. 
Sixty, -^ -|- luuk shap ; 

cycle of sixty years, -^ 

~f* -?£ ^ ^^^^'^ ^^^^P /"^ 
«r<j9 ; sixty years old, 7^ 

^ "i" ^ y^^ ^^^^ ^^^p 



sm 



Size. §§^ 'f fa'-to', (capacity) 
^ ;J; to'-leung', -^ 
*taai ; of the same size, 



SKE 



407 



SKI 



1^ — ■ ^:h t'uung 7/at 
yeung^ taai ; what size ? 

^ tAc B^ ^'* ''''"'^^ ^*' 

to adjust accordini^ to 
size or bulk, fl?^ ]g f|r 

f^JM to tSO , '^ ^ij /^ 

I^ tso to hop to'. 
Size, (s?lue) ]^ ^-a^?;. 
Skate, (fish) gf ;g^ ;;(j-ue ; 
the yellow sjiotted skate 

o^'^y) ^ a^ SS ^^'o^g 

Skate, (to) ^ .<7/j/t . 
Skein, ■j^\j chaat , -^ Vs^'e ; 

a skein of silk, —^j^^ 

yat nau stn . 
Skeleton, *^ ff hnit-'t'ai ; 

jou withered old skeleton, 

5B ^ ?£ '^'^^ '^0 kohn ; 
the skeleton of an umbrella, 
j^ ^ *^ ue die ktcut ; 
the skeleton of an essay, 
r^ i§, taai leuk ; a whole 
skeleton, -^ gj] »^ .fg 
^a^ /bo A;7<7<< kaak'. 
Sketch, j^ ^ t^-^i/^, (a 
rough) ^ ^ /s'o- ko, 



ytj^ Q taai r//?, 

//<' lfi//c' -*- ^ taai' »'; 



.:> .J 



the sketch of a picture, 

mf^ ^^'^^ ^^''^ ' ^'^ sketch 
ornamental (?>., flowery) 
designs, J :fg waak /a ; 
(to) ^ /o()/; to sketch a 

P'^"' IS ^ V^''* t'o. 
Skewer, 'J^f^|^ .sAiw-yuuk- 
ch'aan (ov '^\ chum), ^ 
^ muuk feng, ^ ^ 



Pit ch^uea . 



Skiff, /J^ rffi $1 li '^"^ i 

7f<?«^ t'eng. 
Skill, ^ X^ ki'-'/iaau, tJ- 
g ts'oi-ngai\ pj- || 
ts'oi nang ; skill on the 
piano, ^ :J^ 5f ^ 
tsenf/ ue t'aan k'um ; 
great skill, Hf j^ J^ 
ho ki haaic. 
Skilled, ^ ^ shin -fei?;j^ / 
skilled in horsemanship, 
# ^ 1^ shin' k'i 'ma ; 
skilled in engraving, ^ 



SKI 



408 



SKY 



Skim, KIJ fit\ ^ 
p'eng fi. ; skim off the 

grease, f^^yftffl ^''^' 
hue' yau min\ 
Skin, ^ p'i, (to) f I] _g^ 
molc'-\)''\ ; T will skin yon, 

ts'ang p'i ; the skin of a 

a glossy skin, 3^ /j^ 
hroiifi p'i ; a rough skin, 
fflvfe ^s'o p'i ; tiger skin, 
^ iS. 'A'<' P'i ; sliark 
Bkin, jj,^ ;g^ j£ s/^« ue 
p'i ; fox skin robes, ^ 
^ 00 k'au. 
Skin (cast off,) JjJ ^'?«'\ 
Skin-flint, 4g |;|f §)J Ar^- 
cA'Mw;i-chaap, ^ ^1^ ^ 
^i^ kai kuimg, ^^ ^ 
V'i 5/it^ 'che, II fif ^ 
A;ai ch^iien ts^oh^, or ^ j;^ 
^ f/ri ma ?s'oA\ 
Skip, gfe i'«^, g^ Ig i'lV- 
yeuli'; he skips about like 
a kitten (lit., like a live 

shrimp) jg^^gfrtK 
k'ue 5/i««^ i^a Icomi' tHu^. 



Skipper, j^ jlfl ^ sAfwn^' 

slmen ckue. 
Skirmish, /J> :|^ siu ''ta, 

/J> 51 siu chin\ 
Skirmisher, /]> :^ ^ siu 

'ta 'chc, yj>» ||| ^ ^stw 

Skirt, ^ 



R^ ^g shrtam- mi, 
(woman's) ^ k'wun ; 
plaited skirt, fjj^ |^ wai 
k'wun, ^ 11^ wai k'wun ; 
a skirt with jingles, ^S 
1^ Ac2f»/7 k'wun ; to skirt 
(i.e., border) 3^ ^ waan 
iu ; skirted by trees, ^^ 
Jli^ tS /fv waan ^i shue^ 
muuk. 

Skittles, ;/L'^1S ''^^"^ t'i^ 
Skittish, ^ § ^ i' shau' 

Skulk, ^ ^ ts'ze fuuk, 
&c. See Sculk, &c. 

Skull, gg ^ t'au Ao/i;'. 

Sky, ^ ^ ts^ong-tHn, ^ 
^^ k'mmg-ts^ong, ^ i'm, 
■^ ^ Paai^-huimg, (in 
the) ^f^ hming-chuung ; 



SLA 



409 



SLA 



under the blue sky, ^ ^ ' 
J^ "TC ts^ouf] fUn c/ii lia^ 
a clear sky, ^5 Rj) ^ fl| , 
tin long /<i^ /"sV;/^ ; the 
sky overhead, J^. ^ 
shenng' t'iu ; the ruler of 
the sky, ^ 'j^ tin koon, 

^ ^ ffl? ^"♦" '^^ y^ ' ^ 
dark sky, ^ Hg ^m 

^m'; the sky is cloudless, 

^±^S ^»'^sheung' 

mo wan. 

Sky-blue, ^ ^ @, ^'«« 
ts^eng shik. 

Sky-lark, ^J ^ ^ shaan 
ma tseuk^. 

Sky-light, ^^ t'in-ch'enng. 

Sky-ward, jpj] ^ henng^ tin. 

Slab, :^ ;g /«f?^'-shek, ;g 
^ shek-7;a«n, ^ ^ 
shek-joi ; marble slabs, ^ 
^ ^ wan shek ^/m'; 
a marble slab, — ■ j^ ^ 
^ yatfaai* wan shek. 

Slabber, {ft ^ ^ fat-fat- 



Slack. ^ xuwig, (remiss) B 
^ la;ii-lau\ (water) -J^)^ 
i!//j/»-maan^; slack away ! 
^ pM suung hoi ; slack 
off, or haul in the sail, 
^^..u.^liu\:a^ 
maai liu\ 

Slacken, ^ ^ <Ztgn^ 
Si^?/;?/7, ;^S fo'ig' suung, 

'IS ^ "itTi tr °^'^^^' p^' 

i hang. 
Slag, ^ :^ /vf* sja'. 
Slake, ^ Icaai, (lime) |^ 

faai'; to slake one's thirst, 

slake lime, U ^ /««<' 
fooi. 
Slam, y^Jt I'g r/^'2<?m:5r.chong', 
^ p^uung\ -h i] f^ 
taai^ lik pai^ ; don't , slam 

the door, Pg ^ :A: ^ 

^ P^ 'm 'ho taai' lik 
j?ai^ moon. 
Slander, |g ^ "wai-p'ong^, 

sAf»;?/7 yan, (a) ^ ^ 
ts'aam-in, ^ ^ p'ong^ in. 



SLA 



410 



SLA 



ts'aam 

c 

wai 



Slanderer, ^^ 

p^ong^ yaii che. 

Slanderous, fllj^IlS^ shaaiv' 
p^ong^ ti ; slanderous talk- 
ers, ^f^ ts'aam shiicf. 

Slang, 7]^^. fg %h\-'^tseng- 

^^^^ tIT W '^'^'^ "'' ifi" 

^ ^shi \.e, a ^ ^ 

fo'o tsnuk ^ue, ^ §R ^ 

g^ ^s'o ^/t /re^ wa^; a 

slang expression, -j^ ^ 

li ue ; a slang term, ^^ 

^Z,^ t''' V'» T^^' 
ts'ze. 

Slanting, ^ ts'e, ts'e\ ^ 

^ ^s'^^ lok. 
Slap, -^ Q '^to-;;a, (with 

the hand) tJ" B ^ '^«- 
^;«- Cheung, j^ kwaak , ;[^ 
2)^aaJc^; a slap, i|^ — ■ ^ 
Jcwaalc' yat pa ; I gave 
him a slap in the face, 

ngoh ta k'ne min^ ya^ 
pa cheung ,- give him a 
slap, :^ fg _ ^ 'to 



k'ue yat cheung ; to slap 
the face, ^ ^.'^ ^^'ai 
kaa^?. 

Slapdash, <g^ ^^ /«^ in, §g 
^ tat in. 

Slash, ^ diaam, ^[ ^ 
luen^- chaam, gf :J'J' luen^ 
'to, gi] -^ p /i;o;ii' 
ch'eung hem ; a slash, -^ 
^ pj ch'eung /o hau. 

Slat, ^ /b(^. 

Slate, .^ 1^ shek- ;j««m ; 
he wrote his name on the 

k'ue se meng ue shek 
^;rtrtn ; slate pencil, ^^ 
-^ shek ^n<^. 
Slattern, :^|^ 7«a*-to«i, ^jj^ 
^ 5hu2)-mooi ; What a 
slattern you are ! -H (I^' 

^^ ^ '"^'^ ^"^^'"^ *^"'i^ 
mooi. 

Slaughter, ^ ^ sArt«if-luuk, 

^ ^ t'o-luuk, (butcher) 

^Ij Pong ; to prohibit the 

slaughter of animals, ^ 

tuen' 



kum t'o, Klf 



SLA 



411 



ShV. 



t'o ; to slaughter animals, 

V//)r?< ; slani,'hter house, §lj 
^ /'o;j/7 foiifr ; to slaugh- 
ter oxen, glj ^ ^o»^ 



iigan. 



Slave, (female) ^ J^ no- 
Vi, (male) ^ puuk, ;§Jt 
^ no-puuk ; a slave girl, 
^ 3^ V'i '"ue, y g 
a waan, ^V' bE n fan ; to 
bring up slave girls, ^ y 
1^ ch'uuh a t'au ; to be 
a slave, ^ ^ wai no ; 
a slave to money, t+- ^^ 
^ s/ia?^ ts'in lo. 

Slave-trade, ^JAP^ 
^ faan^ maai^ yan /i«M 
AV sze'; a man engaged 
in the slave-trade, ^ J\^ 
^ faan'' yan che ; a ship 
engaged in this trade, B^ 

J. A P &S ^'""*^ '^''^^^^ 
yan /<«?< shuen. 

Slavery, % -^X "^ ^vai no 

puuk ; to sell into slavery, 

W 'f^ ^Jj maai' wai no ; I 

to be born in slavery, ^ ; 



rfnfiiZ 5^^'"/7 i "•»• no- 
Slay, ^T ft '/^'-'*-'^' P* 
c^"'''> ^ ^'''i^ to slay one's 
master, |^ ^ •^•^"' ^chiie; 
to slay one's ruler, ^^ ';^ 
s//i /a67//j ; to slay the 
rebellious, f^ ^ chm 
yik ; he was defeated and 

slain, m "pi li S . 

^k'ue <7/»/?^ paai' pi^ shaat' 
Sleave, J[ ^^ luen' sze, 

^^^ lueu^ 5//2\ 
Sled ) ,t_ . ^ , *, . 5 
Sledge, {^"^^ 

M 1^ i|L mo luuu c/i'e, 

Sledge-hammer, -^ §^ 

taai^ fi^ ch'ui. 
Sleek, \^ yp waat-chaak, 

^ ffi * it y"^^' i 

Jc'.vong waat ; sleek hair, 

yr/i^"* i kicong waat /re 
t'au /ar/f*. 
Sleep, a|i| A//'', 0i shui\ 

tr Ell v«-shui\ Pill f: 

fun^-kaau^i to sleep in 
one's clothes, ^fP ^ T?n 



SLE 



412 



SLE 



woh i i shui"*; he 
dines on the clouds, and 
sleeps on the moon, i.e., 
an enthuiiiast, ^ ^ ^^ 

H ts^acm vran ngoh^ net ; 
a dead sleep, ^p^^Sl 

sze konx' ho shui^; to 
sleep comfortably, ^ g^ 
ohn shr.i'; to sleep soundly, 
^ ® sluuik shui^; early 
to sleep and early to rise, 
■9- ^ ^ S Vso shui' 

tso hi ; to sleep on the 
side, ^ ffl ill chaap 
chaJc fuii :, sweet sleep, ^[j* 
^ t'im shni^ sound sleep, 
ffi ^ ^'^'^"^ t'i'^ ; roused 
from sleep, ^ ® 4* S 
Q^ yau shui"* chmoig keng 

seng ; I could not £:et a 
wink of sleep, ^ !^ f ^ 

'l*^^ iP; — 01 ^"goli pat 
nang Af?;? ""ngaan ?/(7^ shui^; 
fell quietly asleep, ^ ^^ 
01 -^ tseng^ ?sf?2^ shui^ 
hug'; to sleep off in- 
toxication, ^ 01 ^ ^] 
gjg /rz/e^ shui' ^tang 



to^ tsau hi' kivoh'x to 
Avake from sleep, f^ ^^ 
shui' seng ; hush, (baby) 
sleep ! ^^ k'aau kaau. 

Sleeper, (on tram or railway- 
line) if^ 1$^ waang chan'. 

Sleeping, \^ shui^; sleeping 
hours, ^ g^ shui^ shi ; 
sleeping room, p|j] ^ fwi* 
fong ; sleeping accommoda- 
tion, 01 |i^ shui^ shoh ; 
a sleeping partner, P^ 

^^ yau /roo fun^ j(;ai 

tsoi"* sze^ /jy iuimg ka. 

Sleepless, ^ 0^ mo shui\ 

Sleep-walking, ^*\^^J^ 

muung^ chvung hang tsau. 

Sleepy, If^ g|] 'ngaan-/?m\ 

//fl'^;- ngaan. 

Sleet, ^^ ^ siiv'-snet^; sleefc 
like grains of rice, ^^ i^ 
^^. mai swwi si^e^\ 

Sleeve, 3^ tsau^; the official 
style of sleeve, ^ ^ 
tsau' t'au, ^ ^ U 'ma 
t'ai tsau'; a lady's em- 



SLfi 



113 



SLI 



broidered sleeve, 1^ ^fg 
^p'o tSHU^ take it with 
the sleeves, take up re- 
verently, jgfl!) '^^<i tsau^; 
hide the hands in the 
sleeves, ^'||| ^ tsan' 
shau ; the sleeves are wide 
^jl] ^^ tsau' foot'-, sleeve 
covers, ^^ ^ tsau' to^; 
he stood idly by, his hands 
in his sleeves, fg ||j -^ 
^ 1^ 'k'ue tsau' '>!hau 
p'ong Jiooit'j sleeve button, 
^'^ P ^ tsau^ hau nau ; 
to laugh in one's sleeve, 
jg ^ nik siu\ ;(f p 
ffn y^ ^^ ^'^'" i 5*V, 

flij ^ ^'^" '"''"'' ^ ^^^^^ 

sleeved coat, _^f}:|f|U 
3|^-^ ijat kiu^ /oo^' tsau^ 

Sleight of hand, -^ ^ ^Iiaii- 
faat\ ^ ^ ^ hmng^ 
V/flj/ faat\ ^ ^ luung' 

Slender, ijf] ff^ >/au^'Sai\ 



yenk, ^ /..'//«, :jwh 
;?»« ; a slender merit, /J> 
;;^ sill kuion/ ; slender 
knowledge, j^ ^ tsHn 
hok ; his educaLion bad 
been of the slenderest kind, 

IE IS • ® ^" 'k'ue 
tuuk shuc sliuni^ '^sliiu. 
Slice, )^ pHn\ i% faai\ {to) 
•^ ^a'J^, Hi) /^/' ; to slice 
medicine, ^^ ^ ^ chaap 
yeuk ts'oi ; it will cut a 
slice off that miser, ^»]j^ 
liolit' ^k'ue '^nin 



yuuk ; slicing into a 
thousand pieces, i.e., the 
extreme of torture, -^ 77 
H^lJ ^s'jVi to maan^ Sra; 
punisliment of slicing to 
death, Pg^|]:2f| mun^ 
Sm ke^ tsui^; a slice 
of meat, • — )r' ^ V"^ 
}Hn^ yuuk ; a slice of 
bread, _ . ;^ mg yat 
faai' min^ paau ; to slice 

meat, "Kl P^ @ K^ /^'^-^ 
yuuk wai ;^'m^ a thin 
slice, ^ j^ pok /"««»■'; a 



SLI 



414 



SLI 



thick slice, ^ ;^ taai' 
faai'. 
Slide, g|.s/^mM?JJg.A,V 
hroli'; to slide down, ^ 
-^ Ian lok ; to slide into 
error, fg J$ ^ haara^ 
ue ts'e ; a sliding door, 

■^ P5 ^''" '""«"' xS Ff 

cot moon. 
Slight, (to) g ^^ /n-«^-/-«^, 
(small) /J\ /J>» '^siu-^siu ; 
a slight indisposition, ML 
^S^'K lenk' 'm Uhony 
f(i((i^; a slight shower, ^ 
pfl nj]^ lok \\Q mi; a 
slight breeze, 1^ ]^ rm 
fining ; a slight oll'ence, 
^gjf" 0^ mi tsui^; not the 
slightest mistake, ^ ^ 

^^ ^ ^•^^ ^^ -?^^^ ifs'oA^; 
not the slightest trans- 
gression, # ffi Jg :j[i 
ho mo kwoli^ faan'; a 
slight acquaintance, 2E. ^x; | 
yj'B ^ P'eng .s7««' s^'zm^ | 
A'rtfl2< ; the slightest differ- I 
^ ence, ^ ^ ^ c/^Vr ;;«? j 



toh ; differ very slightly, 

^ D85 Pg |5l ^^'« ^» 'm 

t'uung ; to slight, j^ ^ 

pok toi , 1^ @ ^ t'ai 
hencj ; I have a slight 

wound,^ ^^ Wl M 
ngoh yau mi slieunij. 
Slily, =^ ^kicai, X^ haau ; 
to slily jDiit a worse instead, 

rS "^ t''^^ ^^"^"• 
Slim, ,^ A.'zm. 

Slime, '^ ^^ ni-ning, ^ 
shaan. 

Sling, (for stones) ^ -Ji^ 
^-t'oh, (for carrying) |g 
lok, (of rattan) "^ j^^ 
t'ang-lok ; net or rope 



slings, 



VJ^ /I 



sin lok. 



Slink away, (to) j^ j^ t'o 
*^fcfl2/, ^ ^ /'2<^^' t'o. 

Slip, (to) B|^ i/iin , -^ 
s/i«^, (fall) ^ rt;^', (off) 
I'S" ^ waat-//^^, (grow from 
''^) JS4 chaap-shang, ^ 
^^o/c ; to slip out of the 
hand, ^ ^ ^'2<f^ 'sAaM, 
4^.^ sAa^ 5/iaw ; to slip 
out, 'jmj Hj ^"^'" ch^tnit ; a 



SLI 



41 :> 



SLI 



I 



slip of the tongue, -^ ^ 
shat in ; a slin of memory, 
]£ IE "i<^"^ ^^'"'5 a slip of 
paper, — • j^ |K //^'^ i^''"'*' 
c/tt ; owini; to a slip of 
memory, [1] ;§[ fg y«« 
mono- 7a ; to slip down, 
1^ ^ tit' 'to ; to slip 

a^^'^}'' ;^ ^ ^•'^^'" i'j^e^''; 
to slip in, g^j jiJIJ ;\ ^ 
tseng tsen// yup loi ; a 
slip, ^^jlip c/j'« ^s'oA' 
^e?/^ ; a writing slip, ^|j 
^! to" y"''^ ^sze AY/a/j ; a 
slip of the tongne, Wj^ |g 

^ ^ ^^f/"7' ^^^^^'' ^''"^ 
wa ; to let a chance slip 

by, ^ K ^«'^^ t^oii- 

Slip-knot, y^ j^ oot /aY . 

Slippers, :j^ ^ /'c/t-haai, 

^ 1^ nc yuinifi haai, 

S^ shui haai, ;fc^ ^^ 

^a«i (haang haai ; a 

slipper-shaped boat with 

two oars, JJ- ^^ j^ »irt 

Slippery, }f waat, jf yg 

Avaat lau', (character) 



Q ^ ^ paak-pi -/w/i, 
J*!* iK waat-ts'aak ; the 
road is slippery, ^ *^*^ 
lo waat ; very slippery, 

if'3* 3S 3S ^^'"^"^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 5 
slippery and slushy, y'a' 

slippery turf, }§ ?^ ^ 
waat /s'o ti ; a slippery 
street, \^ ^^j waat kaai ; 
a slippery tongue, \^ ^ 
waat shit, J^ ^ ^«f'2* in. 
Slipshod, ^ J:j^ Vcrt?^ c/i'?, 

1^^ IS i^ ® t^'"^ ts'"i 
pin"" pin ; to do slipshod 

work% ^^KJ^^ 
tso hau ch^e kuiing foo ; 

slipshod style of writing, 

m ^ v^ ij* -^e tsze 

lo ts'o. 

Slipstitch, JJIf^ ^'uung-sin. 

Slit, |Ji ^ lit-//o», (a) §J 
lit' ^|4 t'i"-lit, ^J^ 
t'iu-/f/; to slit, ^^ W'J 
^ "^^rt ch'eung IcoJit' hoi; 
to slit the ear, ||lj !^ 
/kO/i^ ""i ; to slit the tongue. 



SLO 



■il6 



SLO 



^l] -^ Jwht shit ; to slit 
the nose, ^ij _^ koht pi . 

Sliver, ^^^ ^M % 
fs^it wai ch'eung pok t'iu, 
^^M lit wai t'iu, (a) 

Slobber, *^ P ^ Ian Vw?< 
'sJmi, »j^ ^ Ian in, ^ 
:^ shui in. 

Sloe, ^ ^ Ve 'H. 

Sloop, — i$ it jlS y«^ 

f/a' wai slmen. 
Slops, y^ Q^ s/iU2-ngan , 

to slop, ^^;^< i''^^'^ 57'"t. 

Slop-basin, H^ ^ ^ ^^ong- 
shiii- 00)2, ■jk.]&^^^ shui 
keulc oon. 

Slope, fl- /.'/, ts'e, ^® 
ts'e min', j^ poh, ^ Jh]|^ 
ts'e ;wA ; a sloping road, 
^ ^ ts'e lo ; a sluice 
gate slope, J^ ;?a^; to 
slope, ^ ~J> -^ ts'e ha"* 
hue ; this sloping bank is 
covered with-flowers, jjj* 



ts'e ngohn shaang moon 
/a ; the road slopes to the 

"TC ^ ni t'iu lo /?e?m^ 
hoh ts'-e ha /iw? ; make it 
slope a little, ^ ^ H^jj 
cheng lum ti. 

Sloppy^ VJS JM "'^i Paan\ 

Traat. 

Slop-shop, ]^ ^ j^ sheng 
•i tim . 

Sloth, (the) tI^ ^^ rauuk- 
/t«u, jj^f^^l shue^- laan. 

Slothful, Ifg f^ 'laan-toh', 
J^^ toi ; slothful in work, 
'%^ i^ X laan' ue 
tsok Icnung ; slothful people, 

Slothfulness, If^-g^^^SI 
laan toi chi maau . 

Slouch, ^ MI) ;2 ^ ^^'^ 

t'o f^t Paai . 
Slouching, ^ :^ turn -tui, 
IS H ^ JS ^«^-t'au-?m^ 

Slough, fj^ :^ i^ s/«i7J nai 



SLO 



417 



SLII 



ti\ ^ >^ she fin; (to) 
^ H hue tuuk, -^i^, ^ 
i^b P^ clrne hue sze 

yuuk, fl§: ^ iW p'i, 

«S: E ^'i'/ y^'- 

Slovenlr, P:j:r; ^ laai-lue , 
(in dress) ;^ 1^^ Inai-faai, 

^M IIS ® i^^^i ^'^'' 

saat mi ; he did the work 
in a slovenly manner, '^^ 

saan tsok sze . 
Slow, '^ »j^ ch'i-maan ; 
to make a hole in the 
ground by standing still, 
i.e., to be very slow, ^ 
/f: '^ k'i shaang t'um ; 
dead slow, stop (the 



engine) 'I 



H 



maan 



saat'; slow workmanship, 



maan shau ; 



slow fire, 'j^ ^ maan 
/oA ; a slow disposition, 

laan maan^; slow and sure 
is sure to win, '|^ ffil ^ 



tj^\ ^ maan i teng 
sze jnt fehfiiif ; a slow 

coach, \^\\^Z.K 'laau 
maan he yau. 
Slowly, 'I'lgl'jl^ maan''-*maan\ 
^' \$i' nwh-moh, \^i H 
maan cAV ,- write very 

maan ; walk slowly, i.e., 

good-bye, il'm.j'S^ maan^ 

;«artH hang ; he speaks 

distinctly and slowly, j^ 

in ^s'c/<^ Vrt//i i pat hup ; 
walking very slowly, i^ 

uum , or, ^ ^ B^ D^ 

hang talc moh moh. 
Sludge, '^ ^ nai ning', 

Slug, fl. '^ S pi'-^V/f*- 

ch'uung. 
Sluggard, _^;J'^|'|n'^ y^^ 

shan- \vLQ.xi-kwut, -j^ ^^ 

taai naan. 
Sluice, ^ ;^ tau - paan, 

j^ ^ Aaa»/7 ts'im\ -j^ 



SLU 



418 



SLI 



j^ P^ shid haang moon, 

i^ ^ ^*^""" chaap, -^ 

's/nd chaining ; (to) 

ch'iiwig ; drag a boat 

up the sluice, ^ f^ foh 

pet'', close the sluice-gate, 

y^*^ ^(^^ tau"*, 

Slumber, ^^ shui . 

Slump, igl?^.'(^>/in tai. 

Slums, m^'^T^M 

A W >e ^2: iS si^^"g 

p'uu /bo ha lau yau shoh 
hue chi shne . 
Slur, ^ ^ Um-^wvk, jg 
^ lm-/s'.r?, ^ ^/m', f^ 
00, yi& ^ 00 yuuk ; he 
wishes to cast a slur upon 
the good name of this 

school, tg gf^ ^}^ ill: ^ 

^Z.^^ ^k'ue^yuuk 00 
'^s'^e ^/ii^e lien ke raeng ; 
to slur over, j^ ^ o?n 
shik ; slur in music, ^g 
^ ^ ^ ^^"^ ?r«rtn s7ie;!/7 
wun'. 
Slush, ^ y^ nai-paan ; 
beware of thorns in the 
slush, i,e., take care not to' 



oppress the weak, ^^ "J 



fong vau ts'-ze 



Slushy, ^;^ jj^^^ sAo/v' num', 

Slut, (female dog) ^ ^ 

/i:fm ;?a, (slovenly girl or 

woman) ^(^^ I'ian foo. 

Sluttish, ^" ^ kau- ch^e ; 
a sluttish way of doing 
things, ^Ji^Ti^ '^*^"" 



f/AY hu sze . 



Sly' Ji ?t ^''-^^at, ^ it 

Zyz/^/w waat ; sly boots, ^^ 
iP^ c7ia ue ; the sly man 

goes quietly to work. 



^che tseng tsmg hang 
sze ; to do a thing on the 

tseng Ueng sze sze tso 
sze . 

si'iy^ III lii ^'«" ^'«^' ^ 

^ tseng tseng ; he 
followed slily behind me, 

jjfq ^ ^k'ue tseng tseng 
ts'ui ngoh ke hau i hang. 



SMA 



410 



SMA 



Smack, (sm^^H ship) /J^ ^ 
^siu shuen, "^^^ ^Q ue 
shuc:: ; a sea-t^oing fishing- 
smack, jf^ /jg t'oh shuen, 

^^S/56 ^'^''^ ^"^ sliuen ; 

a large smack, ^ ;|^^ 

taai ^'o/i. 
Smack the lips, ^ P ^ 

tanp -''hau-sheng, cliaap - 

han. 
Small. ^0]/J>s^i'-^«"', ff 

Vs^7t, (very) ^ mi, 



too small by far, ^ ::jyJ'* 

# W i^ ^'««'' '"■" tak 
Icicaan hai""; a small affair, 
^K ^ 'sia szc ; a small 
quantity. A/" ^shiu ; very 
small, ^5^3^ '''^ s«» ; too 

small, JI5H f§ W *^^' ^^^^ 
tscu ; a small cash will 
bring in a large one, i.e., 
take care of the pence, the 
pounds will take care of 
themselves, /J^ ^ ji^ ;^ 



sjj< ts'in tso taai 



ts'in. 
Small-pox, yj ^ cW-uut- 
•tau , ^ ^ Hn-hang ; 



to get nmall-pox, fjq ^ 
;^ /(Oi Vin fa ; \w has 
gob small-pox, tS Uj ^ 
k'uc ch'^mit tau . 
Smalts, 7^ ^ jeun^^-fs'otff. 
Smart, f^fpj Iing-li\ ^gi^ 
faai -li , /^ J^ ^■^'^''i'- //^w/<, 
^ /.v;?y, (to) i|J /'J{«n/, 
^ i|^ /c/h -f-inuig ; he's 
smart enoncrh to take off 
your cue, |f ^ |f J t^enrj 
hit pin ; so smart (said of 
children) (J^ dJiJ l^om 
ku'it ; you may be smart, 
but I am not a fool, "^ 

ngoh 'in ns'oi ; a sraarfc 
fellow, ^ 1^ ^se;?^ ^Sf«' ; 
you shall smart for it, j^ 

jjit wai Vs'se sze shau 

'^ni hau pit kin tuuDg . 
Smart-money, ^ ^ ^ 

^'o«^ yenk ngan, '^ p ^ 

sheung J tau ngan. 
Smash, ^ pZ^ ta-sui , "^ 

^. itoli sid ; he smashed 



SME 



420 



SMI 



eight panes of glass, ^ 

^^5^ k'tie Vrt sul paaf 
faai cW'eung moon he 
•poh li. 
Smattering, to have a, 1^^ 
j^ shik-'^hi-ch.'-eng ; have 
a smattering knowledge of, 

ffi ^ i^'o^ ^^^h ^ M 

^R^ yau fe'i'/i hok mun. 

Smatterer, j^ ^ ^ isHn 
shilc 'che, ^ ^Z, K 
poon hok he yan. 

Smear, ^ t^o ^ oh 'a, *^ 
long ; to smear the face, 
^ 2J t'o miu ; to smear 
and disguise one's face, 
^ f€ P ® ch'a fa %m 
mill ; to smear the face 

3 



black, '^ H CS tong 
hak min', ^ /§ fg -^ 
t'o 00 k'ue sA//z< ; to 
smear with blood, :^ J^ 
ch'a huet . 
Smell, (generally bad) jM. 



mun ; smell of new 



ch^au , 



ts'ui-aiVi, (to) 



fl^'^^^' M ^ ^^"^ ^'* > ^ 
fishy sniel!, ^ ^ ue 

s^/?^ ; a goatish smell, ^^ 

^M seng cMii ; a fragrant 

smell, ^ ^ /;!«<;f^ hi , 

^ I^ //f^/??^ mi ; a bad 



smel 



mi 



pj^ c/iV^?6 mi''; there is a 
smell of gas, ^ )J^ ^ 

mi''; goat flesh smells strong, 

yeinig l^e^ mv' simm' taai'; 
a vile smell, ^ "^ ~^ 
ch'-axi' hang hang ; smell 
it, ^ ^ mun chi ; to 
smell out, ^ [Jj ch'a 
ch'-uut ; to smell a rat, 

S -B ^ ^^'^^ ^^^ ^- ^ 
Smelt, (Loj /^ siM-Ve» 

W ''"'' ^ ft yuung 

/"'' if IS ^''" JU'^i^g- 
Smile, ^ ^ hom-sm , ijg^ 

^S nii-s»«'; a forced smile, 

^ ^ "^laaiig .stM^ a 

deceitful amile, ^ ^ ^ 

siu^ min' hok ; to receive 



SMO 



421 



SMO 



with a smile, ^ ^^ siu 
naa[) ; a treacherous smile, 

Smirk, ^ p R^ It^ siu' 
^/inu )uin yam, \^ ^^il 
clia' siu' maau\ YYi 



yeung stu . 



Smite, ^ ^ta, ^ ^ /fce^ 
Va ; to smite with the fist, 

ffl ^ tJ- A y"""g' 

k'ucn /« yaii ; to smite 
and wound, -^ ^^ ta 
sheuny. 
Smith, fj- (^) g %- 
(kuin-J * tseuiig ^; silver- 
smitli, ^[^ ngan tseung^ 
black-smith, ^ ^ [^ 
/a T;/ tseung\ ^g 



/« ^'//^ /(? ; a smith 



(generally) jg. ^ grfi 
ng him sze foo\ ^ ^ 
\ff. ng ^'j//w tseung'. 
Smock, ]^J'f ^<^ Sme c/i?//; 

.Smock-frock, tQJ -$?|x ^^ ^s'o 
ngoi^ shaam. 
28 



Smoke, /<g ?•», ij^ ^ 'M- 
tn, (to, tobacco, &c.) ^ 
jjg 8hik-»;i, (emit) {Jj ij^Q 
ch'uut-in, (hams) i|| *^ 
fun.yoh, (blacken) {^ ^ 
fs'au-hnk ; prescription for 
curing opium-smokers, ^ 
^ ^ A:^«i^ in fong ; 
given to opium smoking, 

i^ ?S ir ^'^^^' «/H'n^ 
the smoke irritates, j/^-);^ 



to smoke one pipe, j_^ 
shik toaji; a cloud of 

smoke, — ^C P^ ffl V^^ 
taai' chun'' m ; where there 
is smoke, there is fire, 7^ 

^;/^ yau in ; the chimney 

smokes, ffi a tti a 
t/i tuunrj ch'uut in ; to 
drive out rats by smoke, 

to blfcHcti straw by smoke 
of sulphur, >)^^ Q wut 
paak ; he smokes opium, 

taai^ J/?; to smoke a cigar. 



SMO 



422 



SMU 



-0^ S ^M sl^ik ^lue 
suung^ in ; to smoke a 
pipe, ^^"^ shik in 
t'uung. 

Smoky, ^ ffi ^ Vau w 
hi\ m (Jll cA'w/<^ in. 

Smooth, \^ waat, ^^ nau\ 
(level) ^ p'ing ; rub it 
smooth, ^ ^] i'i^ moh 
io^ waat ; as smooth as 
glass, ^ if ^ g^ Jg 
p'eng waat ts'ze yoh li ; 
smooth-faced, S^ "^ -^ 
- ^ haau iu leng^ shik ; 
smooth with a plane, ^^ 
»fi p'aau waat ; smooth 
road, ;f Jg waat lo'; the 
sea is smooth, y^ ^ ^ 
^W Aoi s/i?a mo long^ 
smooth speech, y^ p^ 
yau /3M»; a smoothing 
tnife, ^ J[^ ^Q saj:" h^^a 
p'aau ; to smooth clothes, 

K ^ ^5 ^'""^^ *" ^""^ 5 
smoothing-iron, ^* ,^ 

f on^f' tau ; smoothing- 

plane, 3t^^ kivoyig p'aau. 



Smother, J^ ^ kuuk- sze ; 

smothered by smoke, 



M.M ^ p^' *^ ^""^ 



sze. 



Smoulder, ^ jiS} ^ ^^ 'Jg 

sheu n g - yau - ti - shin, «^ 

^ jJ^B ® 'yau in %. 
Smudge, ^jj^ ?«zm in, ^ 

fS" ^^^ ^^"^' °^ '^^^^' i^ 
;^ 00 t'o. 

Smuggle, ^ ^ tsau-sze,. 

iii M ^'«" i^"'; *^» 

smuggle out, ^ J^ Hi 
tsau sze chhmt; to smuggle 
into, ^ ^ y\^ tsau sz« 
yup ; to smuggle goods,. 

^ K :s ?««/^ .2. ^^^ 

to smuggle salt, ^^^ 

/aan' «2e im. 
Smuggled goods, ^^ ^ «2e- 

/b/i . 
Smuggler, (man) ^ ^ ^^ 

7^)^^ taai foh ^tsau shui 
che, ^J^ ^i sze haak , 

(ship) ^ fi ^ 'tsau 

sze shuen ; to watch for 

smugglers, ^^J, ts'up sze. 



SNA 



423 



SNA 



Smut, ^^ gt oo-mooi. 

Smutty, •^ yT^" J""^ ^'^ > 
smutty books, /'-^^ yum 
sAi^ ; a smutty story, *^ 
fj^ ^ yura koo 8ze^ 

Snack, — • ^ ya/ fun , |^^ 
-^ Laan shik. 

Snaffle, ^ ^ ma keung. 

Snail, ^^ ifi /ro/i-ngau, pj 
i^^ t'in-loh ; at a snail's 

ue t'in loh cli'uung ke 



maan . 

Snake, (a) ^^ ^ t'iu-she ; 
two-headed snake, ^ ^ 
^'^ leung t'au she ; snake's 
hiss, ^'1^ fJ-ij- she Ida ; 
yenomous snake, ^ ^'l^ 
tuuk she. 

Snap, (break) gjj "^t'uen, (the 
fingers) l^-^jT]^ '^ching- 
shau-jjuuk ; he snapped 
his fingers, ^jg ^f i^ ^^g 
k'ue taan shau chi ; 
to snap the fingers at one 
{i.e., despise) @ jjg Ae/?^ 



«l^i'' Wl ^. A ^'^«^ /«^ 
van ; siiapjted the old man, 

:^ A ^ nfn W H ^lo 

yan no i in uet. 
Snappish, ^ \T^ ho^ kaau, 

Snappish ness, >[^ ^ seng* 

ke seng . 

Snapper, fish, jj^"^ laap-ue. 

Snare, ^ 3gj hnen-to\ ^ 
^§ luung loK; to fall into 
a snare, ^ J$ g ^ 
haam we loh moug ; snared, 
to be taken in a snare, 

§ A M IS shau' yan 
luung lok\ 

S"^^^' ^M ^ shai'-nga, U^ 
0*^ ^ ngau' ngau^ s/ie;?^, 

^ # ffl ^ ^^"^^' ^a^ 
^s'o tsuuk. 

Snatch, j^ ^fs'eiing, ^ tuet ; 

snatching and filching, ^^ 

j^ tuet yeung ; a body 

snatcher, f j|ij -^ ^ Pau 

tau tsze ; to snatch from, 

^ ^ Us'eung tuet ; to 

snatch away, ^ -^ tuet 



SNO 



424 



SNU 



hue ; to snatch up, ^^^j^-jp 
Jcup shap ; by snatches, 
.1^ yat chan . 



Sneakino:, g^ ^ icat-hi , 
|S? "0^ wilt tsit ; to sneak 

off or away, n?R? ^S" 
tseno:' *tseno- tsau hue , 

fi fi ^ S * ^^^ *^^ 

t'o liu hue^. 
Sneer, '^ ^ 'laang-siM\ 

ff .|f /«'''' maaV, g|| 

7ie/iy shi', ^)ji|[ ^iiiiu Bhi\ 
Sneeze, ^ H^ P^ ^ta-}}'an- 

Pai, if] ^^ 'ta-hat-chH. 
Sniff, g^ ^ /.-'i^i^ ^i'. 

^K fj|^ Vsin stw faai . 
Snipe, i;^ $fi sha-chui. 
Snivel, J^ fli s/<o/c pi . 
Snob, -^ ^ -^ taai' ka 

tsze. 
Snobbish, ^^ '"/s'o- mong. 
Snooze, ^ 0^ mi shui . 
Snore, ^flt ^ ^ Vi'e-pi'- 

hohn. 
Snort, p^ M i''«'i -pi . 
^not, ^ '^ pi t'cu . 



c . "> — 

tsm tuen , Hu 



Snout, pSj' ^sMi, (pigs) 
.M c/iwe-pi . 

Snow, ^ suet'; a heavy fall 
of snow, J^5^^ ;^ S 
/«m /?<n taai suet ; it 
snows, "7>^ ha suet , or 
^^ *^ lok ;swi?^ ; flakes of 
snow, ^ ;^ si/e^ fa ; 
snow-white, ^ ^ suet 
paak ; " little snow,'' a 
solar terra, i.e., Nov, 22nd, 
the sun enters Sagittarius, 
/J> ^ si'<< swe^ ; " great 
snow," a solar term, Dec. 
7th, sun in 15° Sagittarius, 



taai suet ; snow 
shoe, ^p 1^ siitt haai ; 
a snow storm, ^ ^ ^ 
lok taai suet , or -^ IW 
^^. taai chan suet . 
Snub, (short) ^ji I? ^ 
%en-ch'it'-ch'it'; {to )'^j^ 
y^ ch^uung-''Vi.ia,m- shui ; 
I snubbed him, ^'f$|g 

M tS ^ '"§"0^^ V» '"««^* 
min"* \'ue shik. 

pi tuen i '^^i/i ^i. 



Snub-nosed, ^^_5.ji^ 



so 



425 



SOA 



Snuff, ^ /|;[^ pi -in, (a candle) 
m !^ 1ft: 'tsin-fanff./a ; 
to take snuff, [gj ^ /jg 
A;*j//7 pi n'n ; to snutt' (t.^., 
to smell) jy |} fe^ 2: 
i pi mun clii. 

Snuff-box, ^ 'kPil'ill? pi *^' oo. 



Snuffers, jj^^ /'''»// ^^m. 

Snuffle,^ to Jl^ U. g- ynl = 
i pi 2/2/m i in. 

Snufj, ^ ^ o//n- ?<wi. 

So, (modifying an adj. or an 
adv.) |jj^- kom , (modifying 
a verb) H^ Vfow, (so and 
so) ^ ^ man- mau, 
(so forth) I^2l3tS ^^^"'■ 
tfAt-lui ; he says so, f^lfi^ 
^ 'k'ne "^kom wa ; then 
be it so, ^ l^ tsau^ 



liom 



What .^ So ? 
PfJtP^ ^A'o?n ^/ we; they 
are all so, ^ ||S ^ |||^ 
^w.m;?j7 to hai^ *'Z'o??i ; don't 
do so ! pg ^ ag^ 'ni Vio 
^om ; so many, pW' ^ 
^om toh ; so far, |t||- ^ 
so early, jr^' 



Aow uen 



J c. 



.^ /i:(?w V.so ; 80 ugly, 
jrjj- fj^ kom \h'au ; after 
all, let it be so, i^;^^ 
^ kwun clii to liai'; 
exactly so, jE IE ;£- $P 
c/if/j// chcuij &\n ue ; so 
(conj.=consequeritly) R^ 

tg lit y^"i ^ts^^c, or ^ 
j|;t ^'0(/ ts'ze ; five days 
or so, 55. g ;^ ^ 'ng 
yat tsoli yau ; Mr. So-and- 
So, /^-{i^ ''lo mat, or ^ 
-^ r/ mat. 
Soak, *^ ?'.S2/w , */^^j^ s7ii/;t7- 
^V/t/; he soaks the ground 
with water, jg ^ ^fc ^ 
^j:-|Jl k'ue ""i ""sAwi simp 
tau^ ti ; soaked till it 
stinks, ^g JlJ q^ rti/ ^0* 
c/i'rti/ ; soaked till mouldy, 

ili ^!) 35 S ^"'' fo' ^hi 
niooi ; soaked through, *>^ 



^.<t2^?« /V»/ ; soaked in 



syrup. 
Soak in 2' 



ts^um t'ong. 



t^um . H,^ /'0'2< ; 



soaking rains, j^ >g ^ 



Inm li ue. 



SOB 



426 



SOC 



Soap, ^^ man ; scented 

soap, :^ ^^ heung kaan ; 

foreign soap, ^ ^fa^n 

kaan ; coarse soap, ^^ 

^^ oon kaan ; fine soap, 

ifi ili ^^^'^ '^'^^'^• 
Soap-boiler, ^ ^ ^^ ^jjj 



chai /rra?? kaan sze 



foo 



Soap-stone, 'W^^ waat-shek 
Soar, 0^ ^ A-o-/?" ; the bird 
soars aloft, ^t Mi Wi 



ts'-ze niu ko fi. 



So^' IS S shuuk-hi ; to 
cry and sob, ^*/ij[ ^tmik 
yiip ; convulsive sobbing, 
1^ n0 ^«".'7 »^'; sobbed 
the girl, lit ^ -f Ifg Hg! 

r?n P^ ^*'^'^ ^"® ^^^^ 

""a^?^ ?7 i t'ai net. 
Sober, g§ ^ Sw?/7-teng'; 
a sober man, §§ a£ ^ 
^ seng teng A;c' yan, 
JiJlS^A 'fc'aamteng^ 
k^ yan ; to lead a sober 

life, 4 rfn K ®i ^^^'^y i 

lim /5»Y ; a sober judgment. 



meng paak ; to become 
sober, ^^ ^^ ^si/i' sen^ ; 
a sober understanding, ^ 

a ♦ M ^ ^G' meng 
paak sze ts'eng ke' sum. 

Soberly, gi ^ flj^ '^^n^r 
teng fo". 

Sober-minded, ^ '^j) [|||fl lim 

tsiC fi, ^ ,0 0^ teng' 

sum ti, y^ ;g (Jjtj ^t'aam 

teng' ?"*. 
Soberness, "^ ^^ pat isui'j 

%]] JU tsie yuung'. 
Sobriety, j'j^^ 't'aam teng\ 
© $1] /6»Y^ dud\ ff g 

Sociable, ^ jfy % 'ho- 
seimg- ue ; he is mosfc 

sociable, tglg if ffi^ 

"■k'ue shum '^ho seung 

c 
ue. 

Social, j^^ ^ seung chHie , 

^^^ seung kaau, ^^ 

pfi^ kaau yau ti ; social 

relations ^^f^ jan luun ; 

social rules ^j^ /^^^^w to , 



soc 



427 



SOF 



ke to""; of higli social 

standing, j^;^t0iS ^'^ 

kwai seung shue . 
Socialism, ^ j^ Icuimg- 

yuung\ yj^M^Z.'^. 
kuuug yuung ke li. 
■Society, (a) -^ ooi , (in 

general) M ^MM 
seung- ue-tsue -tsaap ; local 
society, Jjjj^ ^ she ooi ; 
to form a society, ^ jjjj; 
kit she ; the good society 
of this city, tIS S5E ;^ 

± ^,A % W 

sheng ke sheung tang 
yan ka; decent Chinese 
fiociety, ^ ^ ^ g^ wa 
yan kivai ka ; members 
of a society, '^'^ ooi 
yau ; a Bible society, jjfg 
^ "^ fii^k yum ooi' ; j 
Missionary Society, 
^ ch'iien kaau ooi 

lined socks, ^p^ /rart'j^' 
maat. 



Socket, ^ rr/u ; socket of the 
eye, miBJ *^ngaan ho)ifr 
(k^waang) ; the socket of a 
door hinge, f'^'HP moon. 
aap . 

Sod, :^ ;fg iJj '^.s'o A:a/t 
nai, j^ j^ ^s'o p'i. 

Soda, ^ ^ As'e/7^ im ; 
sulphate of soda, ^ ^ 
^ uen meng ///». 

Soda-water, :^ ^ ;;jc Hoh- 
laan- shui, more commonly, 

Sodomite, ^^ /c'at'-tai'. 

Sodomy, 2j^ ^£ kai-kaan^ 

® ^ naam-s/i//;;. ; to 

commit sodomy, ^ ^ 

^*M.i^ i naam sAiA; 

s?/«« yum, :^2i^^ f3,an 

Sofa, ^ tong^, 



shui - 



i. 



Soft, ^ffe yau-Sien, ^ 
^ num- lien; soak till 
soft, V^^ t'<iiin^ uen ; a 



soft fool, 
soft pongee. 



uen ketik ; 



shuuk 



SOI 



428 



SOL 



ch'au; soft \Tords j^^ 
^^ vim yau ke^ ue. 
SofDly, f|$S^ J^eng heng 
^shau ; j^^fO "•f'W woh ; 
he walked softly, jg ^ 

^ flri t? 'l^'"^ ^^^"^ P°^ ^ 
hang ; to speak softly, ^^ 

^ ^^ ^^" 5Ac»^ /lo;/.(7. 
Soften, to make soft, jjJC'^ 
tso' ^uen, "^^ "en c//j'; 
to soften pain, ^J/J V:««wj 
tuung ; to soften by in- 
fluence, ^ftSi\i» Vrom 
/a k'i su?« ; leather steeped 
in water can be softened, 

p'i tsunt' ue ^shiii ''lioh^in 

. c 
wai uen. 

Soil, ^±^ nai- U^o, (to) ^ 

yE" cheng-oo • a clod of 

soil, — i^^Jit f/"^ ^a^^' 
nai ; rich soil, |^^ IJt'uk 
jeung ; native soil, ~^ ^ 
poo?i ^t'o; soiled reputations, 
Y^;^ 00 meng ; don't 
soil my clothes, P^ g^ 
iff^ff^ "^mai '^cheng oo 
kin^ shaam. 



Soiree, ||§:jMiC '^«'^^'5^ 
/irtrt/c' maan tsue , ^^5C 
_/!> Q^ ye ^tsue' siw cheulc'. 

Sojourn, ^^ ^ ^i chue', 
^ fe /a^ /cMe; during my 
sojourn abroad, ^ ^ 

ngoi^ k/vok^ chi shi ; (to) 



ngoh 



^-i\ :g ue\ ^ ;g 

tsaam ue\ ^^ )^ tsaam^ 

Sojourner, ^ A««/i;\ -^'^ 
^ ue' kue yan, -^^^ 
A:i^ kue che. 

Solace, to ^^ olm tvai^, 
^^^'fooivca'f^^^'kaai 
ivai', let me solace your 

36^ i\^^ toi ''ngoh '^A;fla» 
iva-ii^ ni .^c' shau aw???. 

Solan um, ^JH *^'6- 

Solder, ^^ hohn -^ anything 
to mend ! (the cry of the 
itinerant tin-smith), ^y^^ 
hohn' sek'^ ! lamps to 

mend ! ^^C^K'M ^^^^^ 
foh shui tang 1 



SOL 



429 



SOL 



V^ung,^ 



Soldering-iron, ^jAj^ naat- 
pai {h(ii). 

Soldier,^ pen//, ^~y peng- 
^^"//' -^ ^ peng-tsuut \ 
to drill soldiers, '^^ 
chi peng, regular {i.e. gov- 
ernment) soldiers, ^ ^ 
koonpeng ; to enlist soldiers, 
"jjf^ -Ec ch'iu peng ; to be 
a soldier ^^ ^<''?^' i^^^^j 
^j^ shik leung. 

Soldier-like, ) 

Soldierly, J ' 
mo. 

Soldiery, ]^|§^^"J' sheng 
tui^ peng teng. 

Sole, (of foot) ]^j^ IceuJc' 
paan (of shoe), 1^ J^ 
haai- tai ; to sole (a. boot 

or shoe), J^l^lj^ sheung 
haai tat; make the soles 
broader, |gj[gg4^ilj^ 
haai to» tso^ j/oA tL 
Sole (a fish), ^pj^"^ t'aat'- 
sha-*\ie ; literally, a sand- 
slapper, from its peculiar 
mode of progression. 



Sole (only), ^, fnan, ^^ tuuk. 
Solecism, S^W mau^ in. 



;?ooi^ mnu fuat ke^ ""ue. 

Solely, ^'JJ^ tuuk-hai\ "^ 
y^ pat-kiroh^. 

Solemn, ^^ j^j ^rfrt'-im, ^^ 
^ft im sunk ; a solemn day, 
^ -^ taai yat tsze^ 
5g -y- sheng^ yat Vsse ; 
solemn silence, j^^ sunk 
tseng"*; solemn countenance, 
^ ^ szfi^/c *yuung ; a 
solemn rite, ;^fi^ taai^ 
lai ; solemn prayer, ^^§|| 
1 /i:^»^ A;an k'i ^o. 



Solemnity, g|^ *^A;««, i^ ^ 
kuung keng ; to perform 
with solemnity, ;^^ffn 
^ S2m/^ in i hang. 

Solemnize, '^^jjM hang ""lai, 
■tr ^ fl^ hang sheng^ 



.c 



lai. 



Solicit, >f^ k'au, ^^ ts'eng, 
>J<^ k'au /s'i<e; humbly 
sclicit, '^'^ fuuk /ia^; 



SOL 



430 



SOL 



to solicit a favour, ^^ 
hat ymi; to solicit aid jj^ 
^ k'au chob\ 

Solicitation, >|c nR /^ ^ 
k'au ''ts^eng ke^ sze . 

Solicitor, /)> j^ g]|j 'siu- 
choug'-sze, JlJc^lB chong^ 
sze; he has eiioas:ed two 

solicitors, tglf^^JiJc 
0jfi ^k'ue '^ts'eng leung 
]coh^ cbong^ sze. 
Solicitor (Crown-), ^ ^ 
^ gig j5rit'<?/c^-A;a-chong'- 

Solicitude, :t^|>^ k/va^-\ue\ 

^^^ V^" 1^^' •'^"'^• 
Solid, ^ shat, 5g ngaang\ 
^W km shat ; a solid 
wall, ^^m ^'"^ ts'eung; 
solid learning, 
hok ; solid ground, ^ 
;^j:-\S /"'^^ shat /te^ ti\ 

Solidify, -^^M© ^^"^^^ 

wai ki7i koo . 
Solidity, ^ shat, m. ^ 

cAa?i shat, ^^ teng^ 

shat. 



Soliloquy, :S^ tuuk in, 
g^tszeMn, g^tsze' 



^ shat 



ue. 



Solitary, |E5^ /coo-tsik, ^ 
S tuuk-/c2<e,- a solitary 
animal, ® t=f ;S 1^ ^uuk 
hang /cfe' s/m//. . 

Solitude, ^J^Z.P)X ^^^^ 
kue kp? ^shoh ; the superior 
man is watchful when in 
solitude, ^^'l^KS 
4^ kimn ^tsze shan' ki 
tuuk V^- 
Solstice, ^ yat chr^, 
(summer) ^3g ha'-c^t^ 
(winter) ^^ tuwig-cht' ; 
no dog's life is secure at 
the summer solstice (be- 
cause that is the favourite 
time for killing dog's for 



food), ^ 
ha^ chi^ ^kau mo cA'we 
^tsau. 
Soluble, p]" |§ ^ |lfi»l '^io^ 
yuung /«' ti; soluble ia 

liquor,^ jaSPfygit '^ 



SOM 



431 



SOM 



Solution, ^^-^ yutinof/h f^ 
ffl;^^ '^icaai meng ke 
P7,c^ : solution of a difficulty, 
^^■^ ''^(tfii naan. 

Solvable, pf Ji( 15? 9? 'hoh 
^i ^^ffi meng, p]' jg >(t 
*AoA sill fa*. 

Solve, |g 'A-am, g? Bj^ 
A^fl'i meng, ^ ch'ue ; 
to solve doubts, |§?^ , 
^kaai i ; to solve a diffi- i 
culty. |I;^ ^ ch'ue naan. 

Solvency, P|" ig ;^ ^hoh 
waan ts^eng. 

Solvent, p]" j>g /f{^ V^(/A siu 
fa\ Pf-;'^^ 'hoh yuung 
/«'' ^^f^^^fC/^' mat 

mat ^e' yeuk ; be is not 

solvent, tH^^H^- 

^k'ue nio ts'in sheung chaai^. 

Sombre, i^ ^; yau-sMk, 

P^P^i^Jffi yiirti-yum- 

cb'um ch'uui. 

Some, (;^) ll95 (Vau) rt; 

some days ago, :5t^ 

-sm ^A-t vat ; some other man, 



some one else, ^^ ^<* 
yan. 
Somebody, '^^ V^" 7'"* 

^A '^^''^^ 7''^°' KA 

^mau yan ; somebody says, 

^KWt Vau van shuee, 

%AtS Van yan wa'. 

Somehow, ^^^ ^ :^p V/m 

yeung' ue, jx ^ </!F QS 

^5 ch'-ii' faat* )'\kto iv^ ; he 
has to do it somehow or 

^^f^ k*ue V//i yeuiig' 
ch'tf faai' to in tso ; pro- 
pitiate him somehow, (lit. 
boat people have no altar 
at their propitiatory sacri- 

taan^ ha ^ta tsi/i^ "^mo t'aan. 

Somersault, ff ;^ ^ ^ta- 
kan-^tau. 

Something, if ^e, FmW 
865 haan-Ve, % g^ 
Vau-ye, gf ^»-Ve, ^^[^ 
yau sze^; there i? something 
wrong, ;^^^|g ^yau 
ie ch'^a ts^oh' ; I have some- 
thing to t€ll him, ^/^ 



SOM 



432 



SON 



sze"* wa^ ^k'ue chi; there 
is somelhing farther that 
I must be<j of you, "^ P^ 

chunng' *^yau i/at kin' sze' 

ngoh ?V k'au Sii. 

Sometimes, x^ g^ V*"~ 

shi ; sometimes he comes and 

sometimes he does not, 

Van shi lai ^a" shi 'm lai. 

Somewhat (in some degree, 
rather), ^ 'Jd, y^ 
^ yau 7a fan , ^ 
leuk leak; somewhat like, 
:§L-^ leuk *^ts'ze; somewhat 
over much, §^ leuk toh; 
somewhat objectionable, 
'^^^ taae chaang lok\ 

Somnambulism, 0^ P^I ^ 
shui'-cAzm«,^-hang. 

Somniferous, -^ \ gf ^ 
Dj^ leng' yan i' shui' ti . 

Somniloquist, 0^ ffl |^ 
shui' chuung shuet' ''che. 



m. 



seting 



""""""^"^ I Hf * :S 

Somniloquism J - - ' '^— ■ 
"^ shui' chuung ke* 

Somnolent, 7^ 0^ 
shui\ 

Son, ff Vsai, ^ '/ss?, ^ 
i, (your) ^IP ling'*long, 
(my) /J>5g, 's"/-i ; repro- 
bate sons, ggajiija 

im «an^ ch^uut ts'iie ,- the 
father saves up pelf, the 
son enjoys himself, Kp[-§ 

chaan' maai '^tsai ^heung 
funk ; the young gentleman 
your son, A/"^ shiic' ye ; 
the second, Hl^ i ye 
the youngest son, ^ -^ 
ye tsze ; an adopted son, 

i ^s^e ; the eldest son, -^ 
■^P- cheung tsze; the 
eldest son's family, -^^ 

cheung fong ; an only son, 
^>^-^ tuuk /sz6!; a pro- 
digal son, M-T- long 

tsze. The sons of a family 
are politely addressed as- 



SON 



4S3 



soo 



'i'B-^ srjoj// kuung, in 

order, as -/ryjj|5 taai ifeunff , 

Zl/l^ i seufif/^ etc., etc, 

Son-in-law, "^^^ nne-sai^; 

ifi 



your son-in-law, 
leng t'aan. 



^ 



Soni,% "^^ chi-k'uuk, ^ 
^1^ chek^-koh- tsni; to' 
sing songs, P^-p^ c/i'e?<«y 
koh; to sing indecent songs 
(in Cantonese), P^ 7J^ "^ 
ch^eung munk ue ; not 
worth a song, Pg 'jg — 
jl§^ m chek ijat koh 
ts'in ; to buy for a mere 

«o"g. n # e n t: 

maai /(y/c kek pin'' i ; love 
songs, 'I'l^ jjll ts'eng k'uuk; 
vrar songs, %i^p^ 
^ c/i//i' ch'an ke koh 
k^iiuk. 

Song-book, ^j^ :;^ koh 
])oon, ^^ ti/uk ^poon. 

Songster, Pg |^ ^ ch'eiwg' 
koh che, 

Songstress. 3^5^^ Sme ngok, 

ke 100. 



Soniferons, y^^ .g Q^^ ^yau 

^hcung ti. 
Sonnet, yJ^|l^ '^siii tuuky 

siu t'in. 

Sonorons, -^PI^J oo\-^heungy 
PIliJI^ 'heimg-ke. 

Soon, ^ 5(^ tsau'-loi, ^ 
^ SBJ ''no-Va-*noi', 1^ 
^^ aai-pin ; came as soon 
as he was called, — ■ {1-4- 
^ Jlj y«^; /'iV tsau' to'-, 
not a minute too soon, 

hop shi. 
Sooner, ^ hJ^ 'tso ti, Jg 
jp. [J^{] ka/ig^ tso ti; the 
sooner the better, ^^ S. 

7^ ^ "c'' ^*"^ "^'^ '''^• 
Soot, ^jfiffi »^?-raooi, j;^/):j 
»|ffi /(>/i-t'aam-mooi, *J^ 
^ 'foh leu If \^ wok 

/"' :^ ffl Fc 7^/^ ''i ^^», 

i/C IS St /^''^ ^'^'i ™ooi. 
Soothe, ^^t ohn-tvai\ ^ 
i^ ^ jjj(^|l /iOi-zw^ning- 
shan (a child), ^ 
i'Mm'-uen\ 



SOR 



434 



SOR 



sin 
im 



Soothing, ^ gj Il95 "'"' 

*^'«»' ^»' IS M oao 'f'' 

wai' ti. 
Soothsayer, :5fc ^ ^ 

chi cJip, |t J-* ^ c/^ 

^Mwi che. 
Sooth say iiifi:, ^ ^j> f/jm 

Sooty, ;^ i|;[g ^f. nfl^ Vau 
?'/? niooi /»'. 

Sop, ;^ Pt^ ^;2: M 11 t'ong 
chuung he miu^ ;;flai<, ^• 
^^t 4>^ 0^''* ^^'^*' ni^t. 

Sophistry, J^^^ Aaa?^-piE\ 

Soporific , §^ 0^ c//t'-i:hui^, 
Si BS 'Hvt '/"'-shui'-Are'. 

Sorcerer, ^/£ 3t ^ naam 
mo sin shang. 

Sorceress, ^ ^ nue mo. 

Sorcery, 31. t'W luo-shuut. 

Sordid, _^ ay DP lak-A'om'. 

haai, ^ U 9^ P|^ 1"P 
lup tup tup. 
Sore, ;^ -^ suen-V-uung^ ^ 
^ [U sheung hau ; sore 
on the head, S§^UP 



t'au yau sheung hau ; 
sores in the mouth, pj 

yau slieung hau ; sore 
eyes, RP;Jj5 'ngaan f 2«^;?^^- 
feet bruised and sore, j|^ 

mmfAmm r^ 

sheung keulc^ chi^ yau 
tuung^. 

Sorely, ^ chuung'; sorely 
wounded, ^ j^ '"ch'uung 
sheung. 

Sorrel, j|^ ^ ^ suen-mi- 
ts^o, (in Shi-keng) ^£ mo'. 

Sorrow, ^ ^i^ yrm-moon'; 
sorrow and distress, ^^ 
^^^ y^/M waan'; deep sorrow, 
'^ ^ s^wm yau ; secret 
sorrow, [J^ ^ ywm 7/«m. 

Sorrowful, -^ J^ 'pa^-a^\ 
a sorrowful countenance^ 
g ^ y«w yuung. 

Sorry, g 5gJ yf/?/ shau ; 
sorry to trouble you, '^ 
^ lo ^a'; sorry not to 
have met you sooner, ;|(g 

^ ffi M *^^"^ ^'»'^' 
hau maan. 



SOT 



485 



SOU 



poon ; 
ta'in 



Sort, ;e| yeung 
all sorts of, -^ 
2Won, ^ ^ raaan^ poon, 
or ^ ^ j»/oon jt70on ; the 
best sort, gg ^ t'au 
tang ; an inferior sort, 



ha^ '/a;?y7 ; a 



strange sort of man, 
® P|5^ J\^ k'i /r/mat' ke' 
yan ; every sort of business, 
;:§, ^ ^ /i;o/c^ yeung' 
sze'; all sorts of trade, ^^ 

# 4 E ^"^'^ y^^^g' 

5/ia??^9 t^ different sorts, 
SlJ^ Pi^ yeung^ out of 
sorts, :^ ^ V'l^^ peng^ 
pg g :^ 'm tsze' tsoi^ 
tosort, ^g|— Hlg 
/wn 7«oi ya^ lui lui'. 

Sortie, 5? ^ tJ HI tut in 
ta ch-uut, ^ {Jj ch'-ming 
cUuut, ^^ ^ cW-uung 
wai. 

Sot» 'JH V^ fS laan'-^fe«w- 

'/o, ife H :i^ B$ V«»j 

j!)a«M shik fewi'; an opium 
sot, 5E|;4^gI «;?*tV Van- 



Sottish, ^^;f||^ 5ze-laan - 
^yum . 

Soul, ^ z^ leng-wan ; to 
call back the soul (of a 
dying child), jij^c/i'^i^^ 
^6ng, PJ^ ^ haam^ keng ; 
to call back the soul of a 
dying or dead person, H| 
^ Van wan, :^^|, cMu 
wan ; the return of the 
soul (to the tablet), j^J 
5^ ooi wan ; the vitality 
of the sonl, ^ ^ wan 
hi*; the rational soul, })j^ 
^^ shan wan. 

Sound, (a) 5§ sheng-yimi, 
(to) PIp] View^y/, (sleep) g||| 
^t: /<m'-num\ (entire) ^ 
ts'uen, ^^ kin-koo^, (to 
try) ^i^ i'aanx'\ the sound 
of music, 1^^ ^ ngok 
yi^m ; the sound of a 
drum, gj^ ^ "A'oo s/ie??^ ; 
sound timber, ^ |^ P^ 
^ A'»?t Aoo' ^6^ muuk ; 
sound principles, J£ j^ 
c^e??^' to^ IE S '^^^^'5'* 



sou 



4;56 



SOU 



li ; safe and sound, ^^ 
p'eng ohn ; to give a mun 
a Boand thrashing, Ql ^ 
^ Vh'uung % van ; to 
hound a horn, j»^ ^j cA'ui 
ktik^i to find sonndingt, 

^ fp Tf: ^««/«' *A« 

a/ii/i ; to »«>und the depth 
of water, ^ ;;jc ^ '^ 
^^ lenng itAwj ^n^ ithum 

tsUn ; the doctor 8nnndc<i 

™«' Bf ^ :& .5;>. a 

• thainj ch'u ini Si;,'oh. 
Sounding-hoard, y|'. j|0 

hning ^juutn. 
Sounding-rod, J>JJ^ /'ffrtm' 

Soundly, ^ Vh'unng. 
•Soiiji. I'U^ /*om/ , (I soup 

eel Kouj., ^ ^ shin* 

^"i7 .* B }>lattc'r of soup, 

— ■ JG ^ y' ^""' ^''^"/Z •• 
fish soup (i.ff., chowder), 



Sour, pl^ «Mf;j» (Rullen) 
^ ^koo-hi' ; a sour coun- 
tenance, ^ ^ %o min'; 
rice left over nijrht tarns 

«^"^' 1^ 1^ Wi <S'. ?g 

«:aa*^ ye' faan hai"' suuk ; 
a Bour tem[>ered child, 

ui W< fT' ^^'"' ^'* ^'■'"'* • 
why are y<»u so eour '; ^C^ 

i'ffi -li f^Il 5i m '»' tso' 

uint kom* *'kno hi\ 
Source, *^ ^ iien-L'au ; 
the source of riches, Wr 
u^x ^*'^' "^" ' fo""tain 
source, -^ \])l Ji0 '.<fAM* 
Men fan ; the source of 
the river Iloang ho, ^^ 
\}}f^ fen;/ uen ; when yon 
drink water think «<f its 
K..urce, 0: ^ m iJfJi 

Sourish, }^ f\^ I'jiik siien. 

Sourni-ss, j'^vlj/j^ •'""'" •"'*• 
Souse, :J^ cliotig', (in water) 

J[5"[» 'ynm-*ha. 
South, j^^ nanm, (S.E., Ac.) 



sow 



437 



SPA 



Shi-kiug) 1^ Ian. 
Soathward, |n) ^ kmn(/ 

naam. 
Southwest, oaam. 

Southwesterly, {nj iHj ^ 

hetmy* sai naam, ^ [Hj 

1^ yaa srn naam. 
Souvenir, ^ ^ ^ ^mt Ith 

^ch0y Sg ^ Ai' mat. 
Sovereigo, ^ VAm*', J ^ 

WODg &»', "^ ^ &^»' 

wong, ^^ kuvlc' kwv;ay 

(supraDM ia power). ^ 
^ wai *^cA/^, '^ t^ 
/fs*?^^ VA«« ; (as adj.) j^ i 
i»t» , :|^ kek. 

SovertrijaCT, J jj wong 
tt'a*, ^ ^^ VA«» k*aea- 

-Sow, (to) 1^ «ac//, in jQ 
y<;* ^chwmg ; to sow ^in, 

'ttt flt fi! ^^'^ ^^^ 

^cfmtetg ; to sow the land, 

269 ki^; wheafc is sown ia 
ih« eajrfjf sprieg, Ijl ^ 



|ft ^* ^tsQ ch'-uun [10* 

mak. 
Sower, ^^^ V"^ ^chuunr/ 

'che. 
SowiuiT, :SI S ^ ^ ^'^' 

^chutm/j ke* 5ze^ 
Sow-bug, i^l^ ^ ti* ts'aam. 
Sow-thistle, ^^ '/w ^'(/>\ 

Sow, (a) ^ ckue-^na ; 

kad a boar co sow, ^ 
/^ |i|j 'A^y/m chue loDg. 

Soy, i«^ y^ shi*-yau ; soy- 
beau (*%« Hi^fida.)y -^ 
^ taai* taa*, or ^ ^ 
paak tau*; Dolich'js &jja, 
^^^^ wom;^ taai* tau\ 
or 5^ ^ rrjo tatt\ 

Space, 1^ /£<//^«, (room) i^ 

tfJXH^-i^-prJKJy (all) ^ ^ 
cAat«-wai, ^JIj] *ht /f*^?: ; 
8|)ace between, jl^ |J||^ 
ji:^/^r» kaci.k^y Hjl^ p||| «»iU/2y 
kaak'^\ the space of aa 

fc^^- - « « :S^ 

y«^ *^w chuung cht ^kau ; 
withia the space of a week. 



i 



s 



SPA 



438 



SPA 



c/u noi^; the space between 
the eyebrows, jg |^ mi 
Iraan : leave a little space, 

M B3 ^M ''^^"'^' ^^^^ ^'' 

reiluiR" much space, ^^ 
^Wl>^ ««■ /o/i ti' /b??^ ; 
spate is limited, j^^ ~^ 
x^K^ ti fonrj yau haan . 

Spacious, vM ^^ /"''oi -lok, 
^ hrona, ^ ^ /bo;i 
taai , ^ ^ kicong foot ; 
a spacious room, Ka "^ 
^^ /""f taai Z'^' long. 

Spaciousness, "^ ^ foon 
foot . 

Spade, ^ ^ch^aan, (a small) 

Spain, g ^ ^Lue-suung , 
3;^ g 5JJ taai^ ^lue 

suung . 
Span, :|^ naam ; two spans 
make one foot, ^ ^^ — • 
J^ leung wrtrtm ^^rt^ ch'^ek ; 
a span of horses, — ^|^ 
j^ y«^ tiii^ ma ; the 
span of an arch, ^ 



^ /2 ^^ tsuun* kimng 
p'unn^ he foot ; to span» 
j^=^^ ^i S/irtM tok, 
ffJ "^ ft yuung' '^shau 
leuuE^ ; to span a distance, 

yuung'' \s/ma leung k'i uen 
k'an. 
Span-long, — • Jj^ -^ ?jat 

naam^ ch'eung. 
Span-new, ^ ijj^ san sin. 

Spanish, B ^':A: g tIc 

sLuuk taai lue sramg? 
Spanish-flies, ^, gj ^jarm- 



maau, 
ts^ejig yeng. 

Spank, :fQ j?'««7(;\ fg 
kwaak^. 

Spar, (timber) tttt^^*? 
^J^^ wai faan V«n^ mat 
tsimng meng, j^ ^jpj' 
ch'eung ts'oi, :j^ |^ 
cli'-aam t'iu ; (a stone) 
^7K^ hohn ^shui shek, 
^^ nai shek ; to spar, 

^M f^'-^'«»i7 J""ii'» H 
^ af? ^ *^i k'uen fan 



SPA 



439 



SPA 



Spare, (save) ^^^ ol^silc, I fff. f-jf g g^ % tsHu' 



i-L> 



shaimgr, (give away) 
s//5 ; to spare no 
trouble, Pg f^ ^ ^ 
'm 5/^ lo yoo ; no pains 
have been of spared ^)^] 
^^ll^^/i tsuun yuung' 
^foo sum lo lik ; enough 
and to spare, m^ j^ ue 
sheng^; spare energy ^ 
"Jj ue lik ; spare time, 
^M "6 haan, or ^0g 
ne ha ; a spare room, ^^ 
J^ ue fong, or 0^^ 
haan fong. 

Spare -rib, ^ 
luung lacut. 

Sparing, ^ ''shaa/ig 

luun"* shik; sparing in words 

§ W ^^"'^ i"- 
Sparingly. iM/P ^'^'^ ^suz^A;, 

Spark, j/^ ^ ^ foil ■ sen ff, 
(sparks), ^ ^ /b/i- «/w 

j/C 3fe V'*^^ /"^'o/'//. 
Sparkle, P^*^ s/«;»-leung'', 

!Km v^^^-^' Si* A"^' 

kivong ; sparkling eyes, 






25K 



^ifa'"* ""nijaan. 



Sparrow, ^^ ^^ ma-/set</£ ,. 
Java sparrow, ;^S6 ^^'^^ 
A;mm/c ; the common house 
sparrow, ^^^ nga tseiik 

Sparrow-hawk, ^ ^ ^s«m/; 

Sparse, |^-fj^ /?»" s/^»^ 
Spasm, :f^ "^ cli'aii-kan. 
Spasmodic, :{^;^Ili^ f^'««<^ 

Z;«n ti. 
Spatter, (with the hand) j^^ 

kiu. )^'^ ^'^w s^^''- 
Spattered (by walking) p^ 
f^ ^^% tsaan^-oo-/so ; 
bespattered and wet, ^^ 
VM-^ tsaan s//?/w shan; 
spattered me all over, 
r/r/^ nan slian. 



Spatula, P^ ft ^ 7J ^'^» 
/i;o yeuk to ; a lime spattle, 

Spavin, ,^^1)j5 ^ma ^s»^ 
^chining. 

Spawn (of fishesj "^ ^• 
ue-c/i'j/ti/? ; frog spawn, 
fflE^^ t'in kai chhiiin^. 



SPE 



440 



SPE 



saan 



to spawn, 
ch''uun. 
Speak, ^ V:(7«/7, ^^j^xa 
kong-shnet -\va ; to speak 

one's mind, ^O '^""5' 
sum ; you ueeil not speak 
another word, f3\P§45S| 

ni 'm tsoi kong ; to speak 
to you, [tt]f5\^ heung^ 

ni hong ; to speak about, 

'MTk ^^^^'^'f k'up, 1^ :r 

luun' k'up ; to Fpeak little, 
^^ shin in ; to speak 
lionestly, j^^ chok in ; 
to speak up for, f^^Alft 
^^^ to? yan s/iuct ''ho 
wa ; strictly speaking, 

i hum ; generally speaking, 
-^i^ taai' Iroi . 
Speakabltf, pj^ '^hoh kong, 
pj"^ ''hoh in. 

Speaker, gg^^ ^^^^'^^ ^^ 
r^? : a fluent speaker, ^ 

gS'&MZA i"'^^elau 
li ke ytin ; an able speaker, 

lie pin luun ke yan ; the 



speaker of an assembly, 
"W-^ ooi^ cheung ; a 
masterly speaker, ^ ^S 

szf fuo ; I am no speaker, 
^ Pg P^ ^ 'ngoh ^m 
001 ko/ig. 
Speaking-trumpet, gg "j^ 



« 



-Aye 



ho t'uung, 

t'u""g,^g5t^'/<^^>'^ ue 
t'nung. 

Spear, ^"^^ chuuk-ko- 
ts'eung, (a) ■ — ^^^^ y«^- 
chl-is^eung, -^ kivoh, -^ 
^5<^ kohn kwoh ; spear 
drill, /['^^.^ fs'f'ung faai , 

Spear-man, \^ &. ts'-eung 

Special, ^t% tak-tcmg || 
■^ cliuen-tung, (extra) ^^ 
^|» ngaak-ntroi"*; special 
design, ^f f; tak t' ^f 
J-rfl tak ti ; special edict, 

tak ue ; for special infor- 
mation 4#^iii^ tak 
tsze i^uung chi ; special 
proclamation, ^TJC tak 



SPE 



441 



SPE 



shP; for a special use, 
ij;^^ wai tak yuung^ a 
apecial favour, ^ ^^ ^ 
-^0 icaalc ngoi ke^ taai^ 
y<??i ; something special 

M ^^ ^ » 'li '^"o^' 

ugoi^ «:e^ sze ts'eng. 

Specially, ^ tak, S^ 
f/a^e/i ; came specially for 
that purpose, ^ jg j}^ 
f/ii<«» 1 loi; specially address 
this to, ^ ^ cA?<g/i 
cli'eng ; specially required, 
i^f g tak w\ 

Specialty, ^P'j^,^ c?iuen 
moon sha7i(j i\ 

Specie, ^^^ ngan ts'in, 
iglg in' ngan. 

Species, ^^ chuiing, ^ 



chuimg lui , ^ ^wjy/ ; 



every species, 
mooi chilling ; different 
species, ^^fi i chuimg ; 
the same species, 
t'uuug chuung; this species 



of bird, ^ @ 
chuung niu. 
Specific, ^ tak. 



?/(?>i^ im 



chuuk y«/ ; a specific 
statement, ^ — • ^ ^ 
chuuk ijat shan meng ; 
a specific account, ^ |I| 
^|[ hoi hau sho ; a spe- 
cific (t. p., an effective 
prescription), Jg^lv^^fr 
leung /b;?^, or 

/««n fong. 

Specifically, ^^ tak, ^ 
tuuk, Ip. /««», _[t ^^^»- 

Specify, fS^ wa''-shat, ^ 
— . ^ chuuk-?/«^ A'o??^, 
^ — '^ijB^ chuuk ya^ 
lit meng, gj 0^ f^"« 
meng ; must specify the 
name of the street, ^%^^ 
5^fij^ sia" fai meng 
^-afli meng ; to specify 
the account, if^^ § ^ 
— • Mp 1^] ^s««<??5r sAo 
muuk chuuk yat hoi lit. 

Specimen, >^^ yeung - fe2«, 
^^ ^piu-suut, ^"paan, 

Specious, ^ ISD^vJ ^^^^^ 



SPE 



442 



SPE 



niaau' ii, ^ ttca ; glib 
and specious talk, ^;\\ [1^ 

Specious tiilk, 3^^^ Af?a«- 



in. 



^peck, ii^ V//y^ Mii^ /i«A; 
Speckled, — ^p,^!\ !/fit-Uim- 

Spectacle, (a) ^ 'keng ; 

a beautiful spectacle, -^ 

^r mat kenf/. 
Spectacles, [j^; ^^ iigaan- 

A'fl«^'; a pair of spectacles, 
P^£a'/^^ '"»' 'ngaan 



Ji'etiff' ; to wear spectacles, 
^'PP:SS /«^»' Van 

Spectator, |$ ^ ^ A 
Vat- A-»n'-Z'e' 7an.|^JJ^0lB[ 
V«.- K«' J/, ^- |g t 
p'ong koon che ; thousands 
of spectators, ^ ^"" -^ 
-p A /i;^^'*'' che ts'in 
tsHn yan. 
Spectre, ^_^^ »w /n, g^ 
ktvaaC tseung\ »|^ A^ 
Icwaai mat. 



Spectrum, J^ yjiig, -^ 

ifs'a/ sink kmfj. 

Specular, ^ ||^ kcng ti ; a 
specular surface, ^t^ j^ 
keng miii . 

Speculate, x^j^ ^/J«t- scnng, 
H t'o, ng ^ ora 
^seung ; to speculate after 
gain, |ij;f|J t'o li\ ^flj 
mau li^; he speculates in 

ch'a chaaf t'ong. 
Speculation, (mental) Ug^ 
om seung, (business) 



jj ^ ^^ ch'a f/^afl^J 



shang i . 
Speculative, ^ ^ ^ 
ho haau kau ti, ^' J^^ 

^£1||M ho sze smng ti. 

Speculator, ^ul^^^\^^ 

A ch^ucn tok sze ts'eng 

ke' yan, atlj^g;^ 

A^ ch'a chaaj/ shang i^ 

ke yan. 

Speculum, ^^ A-^n/7 . 

Speech, % wa\ |^ | 



3 j=i: 



57«<e^ -wa , ^ ^ in ue 



a PB 



SPE 



443 



SPE 



Speechless, fl^J ^«' P§P^^ 
'm ooi hong, ;^^ s^*^'' 
sheng. 

Speed, ^ /n^;, '^A«i',gl 
2^ si«</i^ /s';/«/i:' ; great 
speed, -j":^'^ shap fun 
faa^ ; at full speed, ^ 
l^ tsuuu^ /artr; with all 
my heart, I wish you God 

Ulc^ Sigoh sheng s^^^m 
ueu ni sheng kuuiuj ; 
more haste less speed, ^^ 
^M©'l^ ^^et yi7/^; net 
'm faai\ 

Speedily, jJl^J ^^^P /'^^^^^^^ 
i\[^ tsxic Shi, jilljl 
laap tsik ; as speedily 
as possible, :^ pjj -fj^ |§ 

i^B '^ V<^^^ ^'^"^' z*^"**^ 

tak kom faai. 
; Speedy ^ ts^uuk, i|»^ /'rtfa''; 
speedy flight, ^^ /«//^ 
7J«o? ; a speedy reply, 'H^ 
P [gj ^ /"ftfa'^ V<rt« ooi 
to//v ; speedy payment, 44^ 
i|4^^^^ /««i /"rtrti kaaii 



iigan. 



Spell, (a short time) — • 
B^'^ yrt^ chaii' shi hau^ 

(charm) 5l^ ^^*"*^' "^"^ 
"i'^ /wo sze'; to pre- 
pare a spell, if^5L ^^^ 

Spelter, Q^ paak uen. 

Spencer, ^^^^ ^tuenshaam. 

Spell, (to) -^g- tsHi-yum. 

Spend, '^pi ^shai-fca , (a 
day) *^ g kiroh^-j&t; to 
spend money like water,^ 

is HI :?i^ '^^^^" "°'^" ^'"'^' 

^ shid ; to spend nothing, 

— %^S ^"^ "^° ^^^ 
pat ; for one cash spent, 

lay by another, — '^iS! 

. ^ 7/at ts'in tso^ yat 

ts'in ; he spends much 

money on his soldiers, 

Jo: 'k-ue /rti^ /u</ 'ho ioh 
ngan i yeung peng ; to 
spend one's time in study, 

yat ; to spend days idly, 

fifths /"'^ i^aa^^ ^^' 

yat. 



SPH 



444 



SPI 



Spend-thrift, Jg, ^ 'long 

^^"^'' It III A ^««^' 
yoo^ yaii, 14 §^ paai' 

Sperm, 7^ tse}ig. 
Spermaceti, (oil) 

IM 7^ k'ong ue t'au yau, 

(whalf) :;fc Sn SI t^ai^ 

t'au k'eng. 
Spermatozoa, y^ ^ ^5en</ 

ch'uung. 
Spew, jft ^o' Pirt'^''^"'''- 
Sphenoid, ^J^^tf^ isim 

yeng f/ ; the sphenoid bone, 

^ ^ *^ *^° ^^P ^''""^• 
Sphere, ^ k'au, |g[ 3^ 

uen k'aa ; the earth is a 

sphere, Mtl 75 H^^ "& 
ti^ naai uen k'au ya ; he 
moves in a higher sphere, 

m )K ^ ^ A ft 

^ k'ue ue ko wai^ yan 
wong loi ; sphere of duty, 
^Pj^ fun noi sze ; a 
right sphere, jE^ cJienf 
k'au. 



Spherical, |5I^^ uen k'au 

yeng. 

Sphinx, m%:kMZ^ 

sze shan *"nue min"* ke 
t8eung\ 

Sphex, ^^' ^^ kivoh- loh. 

Spice, ^ /J\^ Jmi)ig-*\m , 
^ nii^; the five spices 
5.^ ^ng mi\ to spice 
>jg^ lok mi\ tW^^ ^^a 
mi\ 1^ ^ t'iu mi ; to 
spice meat. [^ I^ lo yuuk. 

Spick and span, "|"^^ 
shap fun san, -^^ ts'uen 
san. 

Spider, |J^ jft^ k'um-*Io, 

yoo ; everything prospers 
where spiders congregate, 

chi chue tsaap^ i ;;a«A;^ 
sze M. 

Spider's .web, ^ ^ ^ 

chi-chue mong, ^ ^ 

Spigot, ^;i3C:g^ s^^ ^^^^<* 
sak ^^{ chat 



SPI 



445 



SPI 



Spike, ^Ij ts'-ze, §^ chiti, 
(wooden); "^ ^J muuk- 
teng ,- an iron spike, ^^ 
■^ tHt teng ,- a spike of 
grain, t^ ^6 woh siii^; 
to spike, -gj ^e«^, ^ff^ 
fa teng ; to spike a gan, 

$1 ^a 



^e??^ 2)'aan 



ugaan. 



Spikenard, -^ ;|^ ^ 7ro??i- 
ts'uung-Ae?m^. 

v^ lau^-sc ; take care lest 
you spill it, 
^'fl» t'ong se. 

Spill, (rolled strips of slow 

burning-paper) ^^^ *^cAt 

t'iu ; spills for sale ! (a 

street cry), ^ |K j^ 

maai '^chi t'iu. 

»Vn, 1;^ ^ '/ong-isiJc, ^ 
^ 'fong-sin, (round) 
^ ning^-fAwtfn , ^ 
^ t''um-t'um-M2<tf;2'*; to 
spin thread for weaving, 

^^ !^"!7 «^'« ; to spin 
flax or hemp, ^^ tsik 
ma ; to spin a yarn, 



^fS" f'^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^'' *'^ 
spin out,J!jP^ lea ch'eung. 

Spinach, ^^ poh-ls'oi ,^ 

^ ^ ;w/t-ling-!'s'ot , ^ 

^ in^-^s'<?i\- a long-leaved 

spinach, ,^ "0 ^ 'ma 

Vii in'; prickly spinach 

Spinal "g* # fl* 06^3 i^^o*' 
fce/c' /m'M^ rt;spinal marrow, 

W'^tS ^'"^^*^ ^^^^^ ^^'^^• 

Spindle, (^) ^H (N^^) 

ts'uun, ^[}j chunk. 
Spine, "^ 5j^ iioo?-tu1^. 
Spinet, /J^f^ *^s»?^ k'um. 
Spinning-machine, ^ ;j^ 

Spinning wheel. 



fong 



zh'i. 



Spinster J y^ J f^ ^lo- nue |^ 
^' mi /ta Ae nue |^ 

Spiral, ig |g loh-s»»\ ig 
^I^ loh-*mun. 

Spire, i^ ^'«a/^\ ^ fft 
c7.im»^-»lau, ^ II ;^ 
^52Vn /ww;?^ t^aap', z^^ 



SPI 



446 



SPI 



■^^ fxim shek jn. 
Spirit, Ijj^ slian, (alcoholic) 
'-^VM ^^^'^'•''^sau, (animal 
spirits) /J^)f!^ isrng-shan ; 
spirit rapping, |P|^fl$ tHic^ 
shan ; to pledge devotion 
to the spirit of a tree, 

guardian spirits of the door, 
f J )|i$ moon shan ; the 
spirits of heaven, ^ )]j^ 
tin shan ; the spirits of 
earth, ^ f^ i\' k'i ; 
ancestral spirits, j]]^ ^ 
shan ^k/rai; to I'cfresh one's 
spirit, ^jji^ V^""b 8han ; 
the family spirits, i.e., 
Penates, ^ )|i^ hi shan ; 
dragon spiiits (of the 
ground), f| jfj luung 
shan ; good spirits, ^ }ji||| 
shin^ shan ; evil spirits J^ 
)jj^ //2«i;?^ shan ; the shriue 
tablet of an ancestral spirit, 

cheer one's spirits, to 
quiet the manes, ^ }ji^ 
o///i shan ; to serve the 



spirits, ^]jil^ sze^ shan ; 
to worship the spirits, ^S 
ffi^ pctcii shan ; the spirit 
of a hero, ^1^;^.^ 
ying huung chi' hi'\ given 
to drinking spirits, ^^"^ 
■^ ho^ ^fjnm ^tscm ; in 
good spirits, iI4^ '^^ faai* 
oot ; to soak in spirits, *}^ 
;^ "J^ ^S2<m' tsoi '^/sfn^ ; 
meat preserved in spirits, 
1^^^ "^lo *rai ; spirits of 
wine, *J^^^ foh ''(sail ; 
presence of the spirits (at 
sacrifices), ^^ ;^ lam 
t'aan ; to sacrifice to 
wandering spirits, ^"J^ 

^W P^^^''^ ^^' * t'aan. 
Spirited, >[^> '|'^ swn ts'eng, 

^"'' i& M "§'°^ '^'*^' ^°^ 

spirited, -^ ji; s/m^ c/w' 
^*tl> song^ sum. 
Spiritless. -^ 5^ s/mi wun, 

^ }P$ ^ "^° s^^^ ^"^' 

SI M •'^^'^^' ^*^''' ^ 'G^ 
mo 5z<;;i. 

Spiritual, ^ ling, )p^ shan. 



SPI 



447 



8PL 



f^ii miu\ "JliipiiHg shan fi, 
flft^ mo yel)l,^ 
Spirmialism, J^ ^ ^^ @ 

IP$ ^ ^' '' '"'^'^'^^ '"'^t 
wai shall r/ii Icaaii . 

SpiriDiialist, lif.IjlM^SA 

Jtiu shan t'uwi// cfii yan. 

Spirituality, '^j[il|i wai slum, 

jji^ ^i§f|^ shan leng ti 

8ze\ ]ijil|j ^^ shan sheng^. 
Spii'ituous, ^]f^^^ '^fsrfu lui^; 

spirituous licjiiors ^1 y^ 

lit /srm. 
Spirt, pf J* jfnn ; to spirt 

water over the clothes, 

P^^ p''un j)o^; to make 
one spirt out his food, 

^ A "S is ^^"^ y-^" 

^'^<;^ laan'. 

Spit, pj^ ''''^'' P^- ^'^^^^ ^'^'' 
(^) 0<,^^ chek'-jnuk- 
ch'-a ; to spit out pj^l^jc 
to' mooe, li [Ij ^ ' to 
ch'-iait loi ; he who spits 
blood on others, dirties 
jfirst his own mouth, -^ 

J&- Pt A * v^ @ P 



/> 



\ ^i tnuk 



i uk tnuk. 



hum liiiet^ pUm^ yan, sin 
no tsze *^A^/<< ; (strips of) 
lean pork roasted on spits, 
^'j^ ,/i'^ .9//,-,^ . a spit 
of land, ^J^ p^ ti' '^6>«^ 
or jfj/^P^ .vAv< Vs«» ; to 
spit h'oud.f||-j|i] to^ h}/fit\ 
Spite, ^jg nen-\mx\ ^ 

-^ ?/('/<^-LlUlk. 

Spiteful, ^^i^ tuuk .<;um, 

^^jCi* /m/c sum, 

yuuk hoi\ 
Spitefully, ja^ill 

Spittle, jlj •^ /ir/?^- 5/i?/i", 
(ejected) P ;;rfCi£ '^'^"<- 

Spittle-licking, (». e. subser- 
viency), ^XP:4c=^iiik 

yan /m?/ sInn. 

Spittoon, ^1^ t'aam-i-oo«\ 
^^^ t'aain-*ue. 

Splash, (to throw) \^ kiu, 
(to rebound or splash up), 
yl^ tsaan\ fsaan^; to 
splash with the hand, )^ 
y^ kill shui ; splashed 
with mad (walking), IW 



SPL 



448 



SPO 



'/^f^ tsaan' oo tso. 

Splay, ^p^ clieung hoi ; a 
splay foot, t| M SS 
««p na t'ai. 

Spleen, (the) 8$ p'i, Jf gj5 
lira-fiy, (feeling) ^^ 
ivat-lii\ a hog's spleen or 
milt, jg-j^jjlj c/iwe lim 

Splendid, 3fe ^ hvong- 
leung , 3^^ wa- mi, ^ 

^^ fs^^Jlf/ IcLing ; splendid 
clothes, ^^^^ ^mi fuuk, 

^S^"^ ^' sheung 
^M'oA VA'oA ; splendid 
talent, ^y^ hnnng ts'oi, 
]5?yj" 7/m(7 ts' 

Splendidly, 

Splendour, y 

'fs'oi ; dazzling splendour, 

Splenetic, ^'[^ o/i;^ sf>?/. 
Splice, ^ If ;)o/c^laam ; 

to splice, ^Ifrfn..^;^ 

A;f^at laam^ i j;c/:^ c/<t. 
Splinter, th jj'rn^ !^ ?zm ; 
a few splinters of wood, 



'01. 

"^ wa lai . 

hwcng 



muuk jo'i'n ; rattan splints^ 
^ j;^ fang 7;m ; bamboo 
splints, ^ ^ c7i2<Myfc mit. 

Split, ^ fj '^«-lit, 7^ 
2}'oh\ ^ p'elc ,^^ lit 
hoi, >g^^ Viom Aoi; split 
of itself, gB5^ *^sze' 
/t» lit ; split one's sides 
with laughter, ^ ^ j^ 
siu^ lupn ch'eung ; split 
a log of wood, 5 m§ 
^ poon hoi kan^ shaai ; 
split open the edge, ^^ 
^^^ tsaam"* hoi pin ; 
split rattans, |^|^ t'ang 
t'iu ; split a knot, i.e., 
solve a difficulty, ;^ p^ 
^ ^^|''oA' Aoi shaai lit; 
to split the difference, "j^ 
^ chit' pooix' 
aau hoi. 

Spoil, 

laan; a spoiled child, 

te ; completely 
spoiled, ^^^ "^woh Voh; 



S cheng-'ivaai , 



luung 



spoiled by damp, ^ 'H 



mooi laan ; spoiled by bad 



SPO 



449 



SPO 



example, ^i^ liol^ waai'; 
how was this spoiled so ? 
-j^irj}'^ >nat korn" waai ; 
don't handle and spoil it, 
-fi^® "^rao S?Mn waai ; 
you spoiled my affairs, ^ 
a ni waai nffoh 



sze ; the fruit is spoiled, 
^i^^'J ^kwoh ''tsze 



waui lin. 
Spoil, to (in war) 

^ts'eung kip\ ^ ^ 

Spoils, J^ i^ tsong mat. 
Spokes, fg /-/^uA-, $.|^»^ 

ch'e luuD /ar?^^. 
Spokesman, -f^ A W ^ 

toi yan in che. 
Spoliation, j^ ^ ^ts'eimg- 

ki}? . 
Sponge ;;j<^ S/^j/i-Vo, ;jjC 

v^ ^^j sAia' p'o min ; to 

sponge over, /.e., clean with 

a sponge, |:>l 7^ ffl ^ 
^i ""s/iju ^p'o »?^r'/^ {moot'). 



Sponsor, i0^ ^ /armt k<i. 
Spontaneous, g g ^ ^ 
tsze -tsze -in-iii ; spontaue- 
ous growth, @^M4 
tsze' ill i shaan// ; sjtontane- 
ous motion, g ^ MJ*// 
tsze in i tuurg\ 
Spontaneously, g f^^ ffq ^ 
tsze' in i faat\ "j^id) 
kom sum. 
Spool, — • ^ y«< /^^wA;, 
Spoon, ^ p^ shi-A'ffn^, ^ 
/i;a»</ ; soup spoon, ^ ^ 
?'o?i(7 kang- tea spoon, ^ 
^ ch'a kan/f. 



Spoonful, — ^ jl ;2 ^ 

7/«^ shi kang cki ioh. 
Sport, j^ ^ waan-^s/iff, 
^ ^ hi ^slia ; to make 
sport, ^•^^ ^*'o/^ '''A« ,• 
to make sport of, ^^J. 3^ 
mo luung', li';fe 3f: hi* 



luunir'. 



Sponge-cake, |^l 
taan'-ftO. 



kai- 



--. 3 



Spongy, 5;f. pau 



Sportive, ^J^J 

67frt ; sportive talk, '^^ 

sn< wa . 
Sportively, J^ ^J^ ^ 

luuDg . 



ho^ oon 
'i hi 



SPO 



450 



SPR 



Sportsman, ^^ ^ lip /bo, 
^ Ji m '^^ lip , '^^^• 

?s'2:e, (place) ^ tea^ ; 
upon the spot, i. e., in 
stantly, then and there, jf |] 
^1 ^i-iVc /iaa/i; ; a lucky 
spot (in geomancy), ^ 
Zfc,j^ min ngau ti\ 
SiDOtlesp, ^Ig rao ha, ^ 
— Mi'^ ^S mo rjat Urn 
ch'an ; spotless purity, 

JtBS^Jg''!^' yuuk 
mo ha ; he has a spotless 
character, f^ppuj/g ^'ue 
jmn iuen ; he bears a 
spotless reputation, f^^ 

^ ^ Q *^1^'"^ meng 
sAen^ ^s'e;^v paak. 
Spotted, — ^^ yat-taae- 
taat', ^^ &6n(j mni ; 
his face is spotted, fHpS^ 

^Jj^Si^ 'l^'"® °^i^' '-''^"' 
jjaa/« Vm.- white spotted 

cloth, a 1^:2^3 paak 

tini ke^ po'; spotted with 

rust, 1^ ^n 6rtM fiw. 

Spotty, ^pi^flJil ^t^/i ^»M ^1- 



Spousal, 5gif ;2/j§ sheng 
Spouse, ^$^^ Vail 

waak /bo waak too. 
Spout, (of a kettle) p^ tsui, 
(on a roof) Tljct^ *^'*^'»- 
ts'o, (to)^ c/d/^^t^ 2)'un ; 
to spout (/. e. talk glibly)' 






faat i luun'. 



Sprain. ^I^'f^ ^nau-sheung, 

^ $& 'ch'au-AsVm ; to 

sprain the foot, jgi^^- 

ch'au ts'-an Iteuk^ ; to 

sprain the ankle by a fall, 

ha^ Au/ ch'au ts'an keuk 



ngaan ; a sprain, 
/'«? slieung. 
Sprat, /J^"^ ««'^'^ ue ; to- 
throw a spi'at to catch a 

whale, ^||lJ'4l3E ^^'^'"" 
chuen yan yuuk. 

Sprawl, \^^n fk rfS 
01^ s/?«;i Ao/ sse' chi i 
min ; while sprawling on 
the ground, #ltJ$J:l6 



SPR 



451 



SPR 



chi, 



^rr]p sJuin click ue i? 
cki slii. 
Spray, of water, ^-f^ shiii 
f(i ; spi-ny of Lhe waves, 

Spray, j 
Sprig, J 

shiie' chi. 
Spread, out, ^|^^i] t^acoi-hoi, 

p^o-koi, (as ink) i;^||| 

5M P^ Cheung hoi ; to 
spread idle rumours, ^i^ 
j^"^ ;^o' saan laii in ; 
to spread abroad, ^^ 
^^|> clieung yeung i<^ 
ngoi\- to spread one's 
name, |§;g yeung menf^ ; 
to spread the news, Mj|ff 
^ ch'uen j«« mun : to 
spread out thin, ^^] 
m^'^ t^acin hoi taan pok ; 
spread out for sale, i^ 
^^ paai taan ; the ink 
spreads, g ^ ^^^^ gg 
mak s//z«' nuni"* hoi ; 
spread by infection, p^ 



ch'uen im i «/m//// /y/i ; 
to spread civih'sation, ^ 
'fl^ 5?<m /rt^- to 8i)rea(l 
through the four seas 
»•''., everywhere, j|^^ 
^y^ sr/(^/», ?^e sse^ "hoi. 

Sprightly, ^§j; 2/<«^-*^mun. 

Spring, (season) ^ -^ 
ch'uun-tHn, ^^ rA'j^w/; 
^^w/', (water-) 7^^ uen- 
ts'uen, (of a machine) |^ 
P^ ki-liimnn, ^(^^Un- 

^»,(main-)^ (^/^w^^-»t'iu, 
a spring (generally), "^ ^ 
taan^ laaing ; a spring 
mattress, ^5^^ taan' 
luung ch'ong ; a spring 
chair, ^ ^ ^g- taan' 



liuung 



I 



an umbrella 



with spring framework, 
5^ ^ i^ taan' hiung 
che; spring, g^ ^'m , ||- 
/ha^^ the ceremony of 
meeting the Spring, )^^ 
yeng ch^uun; early in the 
Spring ^<J1^:^W^ ch'oh 
chimin chi shi. 



SPR 



452 



SPU 



Spring- water, |Jj ^ shaan- 
shui ; spring water and 

famous tea-leaf (the common 

notice over tea shops), |J[j 

•^ ^^ ^ shaan shui 

meng ch'a. 
Springe, yg^ oot Jcit' ^ 

luung. 
Spring-head, 7]^ uen. 
Springy, ^-ffflBS*/ ti'iii shan 

ti. ^ 7^ nfl^ /oA uen ti. 
Sprinkle, vj 'sAa, ^ Iciu ; 

sprinkle a little salt on,|^ 

bring ashes and sprinkle 
themg/j^'^gl/^ nik fooi 

.S'Mw; cbue''; sprinkle water, 
^^^'fK''^^'^ .N/^?// ; sprinkle 
fcvenly, i^^ slm wun ; 
sprinkle and sweep, ^^^{^ 

sha so^; I sprinkle the 
floor with disinfectant ; 

^«**ii«i'"goh^i 

ch'au' shui^sha U; sprinkle 

. some water here, ^^ 11^ 

7l< ^ feng^ il S/iWi lai. 

Sprite, >j*^ ^ kwaai^ mat, 

^ ^ ^'m /ii'. 



Sprout, Ig^ mang-iiga,u]sj; 
Z?W2, |f;fc fnuuJc, (bamboo-) 
^^chuuk-'^suun, (to){jj 
|l;;ji^ chHiui-miiulc ; bean 
sprouts, ;^ ^ nga ^s*ot ; 
paddy aprouts, ^ ^ 
/'■?f2</i; nga ; wheat sprouts, 
^S ^ mak nga ; bamboo 
sprouts, -^^ c7i«?<7c*"suun; 
salted sprouts, ^ ^^ 
ts'^mg suim ; the orchid 
puts forth its sprouts, 
^ Jfj S ^ laan c/iz/w^ 
k'i nga. 



Spruce, i^ ^ "ho hohn^ 

to spruce, ^^^ chong shik. 
Spry, g igl^ heng faai\ 
Spume, "J^ -^p moot fsze, 

^^ ^ ^^^' |;'aaz^\ 
Spunk, ^ |/^ y^/i sen/, 

j^ ^ V<^^ ^"'* 
Spur,^g'Vue, (to)5gfW^'; 

a golden spur, ^ j^^ 

Z;2/m k'ue, ; the spur of a 

cock, ^^ ^^ /i:^* ^k'ue, 

^& ^ /era' ^'f-jt ; on the 

spur of the moment,^ {J^ 



SPU 



453 



SQU 



tsik slii; to ppiir one's horse, 



ma. 



Spurious, -^ prrai', fj^ Vm; 
spurious coin, fgj J„"J ;^ 
^^ iigai cnue' ki ts'iii, j^ 



ugar ts'in 



Sj;i;in, :|^ ^ rvn hi^ : 

«>S ^'^^^ Ja ;£ ® ^ 



1 



mo maan ; lie simriKd 



my advice, fg (^ /|;g ^ 

:<: f J W '•<'^'- ^ ^mo 
iiiuan'' Sigoli /fe' hueii in. 
Spiirf., |1^' ^ p'uii-'^shiii; 
to spurt water over clothes, 
Ptf ^ i''?'« T'o' ; water 
spurted out, ;;JC pf ( tL| 3J^ 
^shui p^iin c/i uat lai ; a 
spurt, — pjf yat p'liti'. 

Spu tor, P^PyjCtS ;''''«'- 

V/(«<- ^sA ui-fa ; ^ ;^ Bj] Q 

Z-')/?// ;?«/ meng pak, ^,^ 

PS S ^'"^^ "^ i^'"'^^ iu- 
Spilt iiM), p -;j^ ^hau %hui, 

® in. 
SO 



Spy, (a) Jy^A. ■^"''-y'",^ 

-y- /'aain-'fs.z'. (to) :fi* 
*8ze', ^JJ r/(0//// ; to iiire 

^ spy» ^ m ''"•'»' ««■/l^ 

to act the spy, f^^fj^ f-'^ok^ 

^P-^' ^i^ ^^■'^'"^ ^^'''" 5 to 
spy out, ^jlj cli'ii ch'uu% 

yC cAo/;*; ha ; to spy out 
a man's shortcomintrs, 

IS A M IM ^'""'"' >'an 

tiifi)! cliUie^ ; to spy out a 



F?-2j.';s '"»•'»■ 



camp, '^ 

Pciam yeng- p'oon. 

Spy-glass, yj> ^ H 
51 ?f As'/w li A-(f//y\ 

Squab, !][' ^ 1 nuen^; asquab 
C/.". uiifltdged pigeon) ^fl| 
^f'j cli'oh kop ; (a couch), 
^^ -f- Jf^ J'ctnu hzp, siiong. 

Squal.M.-, piJ^ ^ cwi'' kaau, 
^ IxE ckaang tcnc'\ to 
sqmliDle over shares, f^j j'^ 
//'///' *fun ; a squahble, 



yj'Tl "-J^ 'i^ ^ Si?i//?/7 cuaang 
he bze'; you are squabbliug 



SQU 



454 



SQU 



the whole day, fj^ ^^ Q 
S&R^^ '"i «heng yat 
liu shP taic' fi. 

Squabbler, "^R^ chaang 
ta\^ che. 

Squabbling, ^ Tl :t ^ 
chaang taii' Ice^ Bze . 

Squad, (a) — • |J^ gat-tui^; 
a squad of police, — -[^ 
y$K gat tui^ ch^aai yan. 

Squadron — . j^ ^^ ^ 
yat ki ma 2)eng, — -p^ 
M^ ya^ cban^ ^ma peng: 
a squadron of ships, — • 
^ ijfi I/at chan' shuen ; 
a squadron of horse, 
ij^ gat k'wan *^ma. 



Squalid, ^^ laam-lue\^ 
pj kek 00, ^m tso urn, 
@ y? ^ l<^k 00 wai'. 

Squall, (a) — p^MPlf y^^' 
cha.Tx' ■fuung-'^ue, — • |>^ 

S JSL ^^^ ^^^^^ k'wong 
fuung ; that sampan was 
upset in a squall •j^ -^ 

;$: 1^^ K » ^«^' ^^^^' 

saam '^jjaan tsoi' yai chan^ 



k'wong filling Ice^ chuung 
faan chuen ; there were, 
squalls and heavy rain, 

m&m.nm.-km 

^yau k'wong fuung t'uung 
raaai taai' ue. 

Squally, ^SlW ^°^^ ^^^^9 

'ue, ^ ^ pi| ^oh fuung 

Chan', jp P^^JSL'iui 

c/i'wt po'' fuung. 
Squamiform,^J^Iuun yeng. 
Squamose, Squamous, ^^ OM 

luun ti. 
Squall, (to) p^ p55 ^ 'nya- 

^nga-sheng. 
Squanderj'fl^j^ fa'-saan^ ^ 

^^ mong /aji , 

saut' p^ooi' 

money, ^ 



to squander 
% shai tsHUy 

to squander 
one's patrimony, -^ ^ 
^ g^ H fa' saan' k'i 
Aa ip ; to gain little and 
squander much, |^^^^© 
^ chaan shiu fax toh. 
Squanderer, 'J^ ^ ^^ long' 
/ai' cAe, *]^-^ long' ttze. 



ts'in 



ugan 



SQU 



455 



SQU 



Square, ^ fong, ^~)j^ 
sze-fojiff-yeng, (a tool) ^ 
J^huuk-ch'-eli' ; square root, 
jS \^\ 1^ waau uen sho^; 
a square mile ——~YJj^^ 

M y«^ ^^^'^ /^"^ yeng 'i> ; 

as square as a box, 5P;|;g 
J^l/H^ ue 5eim«7 r/a' sse"* 
/on^ ; square aud round, 

compasses and square, 
squares and circles cannot be 
formed4llf:^^^:^g|5g: 
■^b* [^1 mo k'wai kue, pat 
nang %\\Qugfong uen; square 
accounts, ^ |^ ts^eng 
■sho ; we are square now, 
(lit ; the steel yard's hook 
straight as a nail), ^| ^ 

^ #T tt it f-'i'^"^^ w^«w 

to ^e/?^ f/iV chek. 

Squash, (a) JQ^ Zcwa ; hairy, 

'fiJ J3J> tsi^-kim ; bitter, 

^ J[IX, ''foo-kwa ; bottle, 

^ -^ kong--p'o ; a small 

•yellow squash, ^^ JJJ, /aaw 

^•/m ; (to) ,1^^ ttat^- pin- 



Squat, ^^ rfii 8G '^««'^ i fi ; 

to squat Sp >?iau ; squatting 
down like a sieve, ^^ ^ 
A;i kue^; squat down rudely 
^ ^ kue^ ts'oh ; to squat 
on the heels, ^^l ^ mau 
/rti; squat down there, |^ 
-^j J^ 7nflM to ch'ue ; he 
has been squatting in a jar, 
i. e., is inexperienced, ^^>^ 
^ |l^ 'w«?^ /^o/i w?i«^ lai. 
Squatter, ^ j^ ;^ y^ tsaam^ 
kue ke yan ; squatter's 
licence, 



g- ta SK 

t. 

ngit-ngit- 



tsaam kue ti r/it 



sheng. 
Squeal, 4i ^ ^ tsim li 

s/if/?^, <^ ;2 ^4 ^ ^^"* 

ke^ kiic sheng. 

Squeamish, ^ '^ iwi -we', 
'ffept^ /50;t^-moon^ why are 
you so squeamish ? *j^ (ly 
'^ ma^ kom ue ? 

Squeeze, yf^-^ rAa -chue , ^ 
aai\ ;5Jl5 -^ /rflop -chue\ 
(extort) 1^^ lak-so^'; the 



1 



L 



SQU 



456 



STA 



torbuie of squc-tziiig the 
ankles, H R fcfe 



saam 



ih'-e]^ faat^ \ he squeezes oil 
even from chaff (said of a 
very mean person), ^ j^ 

SR JS Hi yft ''" ^^^>''J to 

cha' ck''uut 31111 : fo squeeze 

the juice out, :f^. [fj j^|- 

to (i.e., t'fl) ch^uiit chap; 

to squf^eze through a hole, 

squeeze the neck, j^^ ^ |^ 

^ S?iV? chue'' k'ue Iceiiii ; 
to squeeze Light, TJk ^^ 

to/;>' /iV?;i ; to squeeze tnf 

people, f j ^V ]g J/fc hi. 

sok^ paah^ .<<ei!/; lw ftjuetze 
dry, j^ ^^^ "nau hokn. 

Squib, ^ ^CiT '^^'^'foh-'hni. 

Squills, |i^ j^ ig yeuk Vi'w 
meng, ^^' ^ taai' s?<e/?'. 

Squint, ^| ^f^ LsV-S.gHau, 

ts'e shi . 
Squire, -^ ^ sin sliang, ^ 
tt^^ 1110 sze ts'uuiig 



<rAe, 



7I» 



//^?///^ shan, 



Squirm, [{|^^ V j iie tuung , 

^ft te SH '1"''^ ^^^ ^'a"» 
Squiirel, i|^ ^^ kiroli-^akuey 

V/wi", ^ ^^ KiiiL'u/ ^shue. 

Squirt, (a; ;;j^ '^ {^ 's/i2«- 

c/i/7'-*t'UNI)g, (10) ^ c/w/P, 

b|; y}C P'un '.shut, ^j ;;JC 

ch^uut 

Stab, gl] /-7^ gj; ch'aam, 
"■ch^aaiii, j^lj As-//:; stab a 
man "^jj \ f'^'"'-" van ; stab 
a supciior, ^ ]j|lj hang 
^a'//: ; Stab to death, ^jj 
;^^ fc'//c SZP. 

StainHty, _^ rSj "'■''""' !''Oo . g^ 
[§j /"jVi /.w<; , |i^ YiV '^'"^ 
/o.?// ; stabilirv ui niiiid\p^ 

Stable, (a) ^ f/j Sna-fong, 
(firm) v!('(^g'W/'-'«vm, ^ 
'Sf tiMg'-..lKU,[gj koo , ^ 
[gj /a/< A;i;o\ :^:|' '^ 'yau 



slieung. 



Stable-boy, ") „, . c ^ 
.>tal)le-mii.n, ) - ^ 



;^ /^ew/^y 'lu, ^ yww«^. Stabling, ^^ ^ ma fong. 



STA 



457 



STA 



f 



Stack, (a) ;^; I-fl \voh-/tw ; a 
stack of !ia\ ^1 >fj| ts^o hii ; 
to stack, t^ ,Hg /;«■ ina:ii ; 
a stack of fuel, — ■ i# ^^ 
yat tui ch'aai ; to stack 
arms, i?(| <|^ ^^ /<a 

Stadt holder, |JJ ^ V^d t'oi, 

Staif, ;|»^'^ ^^/m«i-*cliennL' ; 
staff cairiod by a sou at a 

fnnenil, ^^ |5 fet '''""^'' 
sonf/ clieuug'; a bliiiil lunii's 
staff, i.e., a guide, lJ" ^ 
^P^ nianiiiX kuunfi climik; 
flag staff, jjg ;(ff k'i fco/i/i. 
Stag. J[tg» I link-, jj\;>^ *liiuk- 
Tcuuivj ; call a stag a horse, 
i.e., wilful misrepresentation, 

^ lite f^ -i '^^'»' l'"'< 
wai in 1 ; Liie spotted stag, 

■^ ^ I^ '^'"'" ^^*'" '"'il^, 
^"f-S'ili ^'"<J'/^' luuk ; the 
Stags'-call Feast, a banquet 
given to graduates, ^ H,^ 
i^luuk meng m ; the King 
Stag (title of Shakyamuni), 



][^"fr lunk wong ; Show's 
stag tower )|{ji^ lunk t'oi. 
Stage, (a platform) ^ t'oi, 
(scaffold) ^ p'aang, (of 
a journey) I^J ij^ yik- 
cliaam'; an open stage, ^ 
1^ tin i)'ciang ; a thea- 
tr.cal stnoe,j|J ^fllB /a 
p'aang, )|$ ^ '^^ t'oi ; a 
stage of a ji)uraey('i.<?.,10li), 

— • V|*i ^ y^^ chaam* 
1(1^; the early stages (as of 
sicknoss), ^<7J ^ ^ B$ 
rA'o/i Id chl shi. 
SLage-coacli. Qj^- ^ yik r/t*tf, 

Stager, (in <'Xj>ression an old 

stager), 

Itwomj hivuii . 
St;vi:ger, reel and, ^f^ 

^ irp hang-f^/i;-Ve-'p*e- 

'I'a, f^lffj in >r«-, |g JJ 

iu tuung\ 
Staggers, ^ ^ Sua cheng*. 



^ ± W^ '^o 



staging, :|-fj /r^r/n/7. 
Stagnant. ^ '^j^ cli'i-chai , 
^ i5{t ''^•l'^" 5 stagnant 



STA 



458 



STA 



water, ^ ^ sze shiii ; 
trade is stagnant, ^^y'/^ 
^^ slicmg I laaug taaiu''. 

Stagnate, |^ ^ ^chi ch'tiuk, 
^ 1§ t'eng chai'. :^^ 
pat lau. 

Stagnation ^ y^ |^ ^?fl/ 
oot tilling', ^ ^ 1^ /w/ 
lau tilling'; .sLagiiation of 
trade, IJf !^ (f f^^ foh' 
mat t'eng sw< ; stagnation 
of the blood, jilL/pSff 
hiief pat lin hang. 

Staid, j^^ taam' teng\ ^ 
ili> DS^ teng' s?/m //, ^g 
1^ D^ hang .<??/??? /j. 

Staidness, ^ ^ o///? teng\ 
tl 14 I'ang «V. 

Stain, (a) j^ ^ yan-hi'r, 
^g£han/6e7r;(to)^y^ 
'^im-oo ; a red stain, ^j|p^^ 
huung tim ; to cast a stain 
upon one's name, J|5I^^ 
}^ .^ /'/wi yuuk yan ke 
meng ; remove grease and oil 
stains from cloth, ^^/^ 

^iS^fffi©)^ ch'ue po' 
kb 00 /Mil 2^^'^9^ ysu tsik. 



Stairs, ^^^ Xd^x-f'ai, (stone-) 
^ ^ shek-/i;'i</; ; a closet 
under the stairs, ^t^]^ 
lau Vai *fong ; opening of 
the stairs, ^^P t"ai ^hau ,- 
to ascend the cloudy stairs^ 
i.e., to become a Haulin, 
_|^^^ sheung wan f-ai ; 
a stair step, — '^f^ V^^ 
po f-ai ; go upstairs, J^ 
^^ ^sheuugjan ; he went 
down stairs, f^i^|^"K 
kue lok lau ha ; to ascend 
the golden stairs, (as the 
three highest Hanlin gra- 
duates), j^^{^^ yau kum 
kciai or, ^ jj^ t'in taaL 

Stake, "^^ tak, ;j^ cho/ig, jj^ 
'■ch'ue >^ tuung , (to risk). 
^ 2roon^\ to drive in a 
stake, ^ ;|r^ turn tak ; 
one stake — • <|j^ >^ ?/ai 
t'iu tuung ; a huge stake 
was driven into the ground^ 

ijat t'iu taai' chong ta yup 
nt ti'; his life is at stake» 



STA 



459 



STA 



f 



meng tsoi' him chuung ; 
I stake $2 on No. 3, :|^^ 

p 7U liJ H iiS ^"goh 
maai i ueii tai"* saam ^tim ; 



fishing stakes, "^ '^'g iie 
pok ; to stake everything 
(i.e., one's all), ^ || 
jtj'ooH k'nung. 

Stalactite, ^^^^^ clniung- 
*ue-shek. 

Stalagmite,^j|^ shek ch'ong. 

Stale, ^ ch'ati, -^ kau , !^ 
sunk : old as dried orange 
peel, i.e., stale, jJ^^frH" 
-^ ch'an p'i horn kau ; 
stale rice, ^^;2^ 



mo 



D <■ 



mi he m;ii ; stale bread. 



fi 



;aa^ min^ paau; 



stale beef, >r^^^ sww/c 
ngau yuuk ; stale liquor, 
^ ^^ ch'an /s«M ; to 
become stale, J^ ^ tsim 
^lo. 

Stalk, ^ a;o/«i, j^ chi, ^ 
^kohn. 

Stall, (for goods) g 'g* 
^ maai -foh- -i^aari, (for 
cattle) ;|^ '^ laan-wai , 



(horse's) J^ ^^ Sna-ts'o ; 
fruit stall, ^l^m shang 
^Icwok Paan ; a fortune- 
teller's stall, ^ ^ ^ 
men meng Paati ; a pork 



butcher's stall, 

chue yuuk taaii, |^ >J 

yuuk t'oi ; a greengrocer's 



stall, ^ g| fe'oi ^'«an. 
Stallion, ^,^ maau "^ma,^ 

^^i^ mi m Ice ma. 
Stamen, ;f^ ,^, A-Vui» ^ 

Stamina, ^H ^^ toam c/«\ 

Stammer, j^ p| Zaw'- hau, 

^ t# ilft P-t '^ong-tah- 

lak-k''ak. 
Stamp, 03 ?/«n , (the foot) 
^^P turn -keuk ; stamper 
of the essays, |p[] ^ 
'^ y^n' kuen koon; to 
stamp, ^ ^ *^a y«n ; 
red ink for stamping, ttj 
^ yan^ shik ; men of the 
same stamp, [^ — 'w>^ 
t'uung yat yeung"* yan, — • 

^ A y^^ ^^" y^" 5 a 



STA 



460 



STA 



man of the right stamps 
l-^ \ sheung^ tang yan, 
^ ^ sliiii yan ; a rascal 
ot the worst stamp, -^-^ 
i^:^ aai taaP kwun Vv ; 
t() ailiA a st unp to a receipt, 

irt 1 tM K 14 m 'V 

.sze"* taain ae shau tnan ; 
must be stamped, ^ ^ 

± tM Eli '■"' '>^^^^ ''"■' 

taa)n ijin'\ to stamp out 
an epidemic J^^ cliniik 
yik ; to stainit out pl^igue, 

Kt * S 5£ c^'"*^ ^'"^' 

}ik tZ/eny ; i" stamp out a 
rebellion, *|$£g[|g'^'/m' 
tsuet lllell'^/ : lo staiu]) out 
an evil. t± 16 S ^ '^^^ 
tsuet ok' bze , jji^t^ '^'''^^ 

Stamp duty fp:f§ y^'i' ^'"f''- 
Stampiiig-uiili, ■pj^^jJJt^l 

sju luvony iniu /a. 
Stamp Office, Ep:f|^ yaa^- 

Icueii -\<\\u\s [:Jj^ y«'i fo'ii-'- 
Stanch, (to) jj^ ckL jj[^ )f^ 

chi lau ; (hai-ty) ^ /^^^ 

iti/i 6-j^w, )^ wan, ^ ^ 



/ro9 , *^ ^ slieung '/^^m ; 
a stanch fiieud, pT^g^ 
^ /;<?// k'naii ke? yau ; to 
stanch blood, jj- J^ c/*» 

Stancliion, ;^ j{»J k'e cli'ne, 

^51 W ^'^^ ck'aang, i^ 
^p. ch'-nanij kohii. 
Stand, ^ jY; ^k'i-Iaap. ^ 
f I] ^k'i-%^ (up) g ^ 
''hi-tihnn, ^ jjji "km- "At, 
(anJe) j^ III] k-i-//ot, 
(endure) ^ |^ %i chue\ 
t^^ /rV//?2 ; (a J ^H /v/': U) 
make a stiiiid, | [- ^ S./i* 
po'; to stand l(y, *^ km', 
;^ ?^ tsoi p'ong ; to 
Stan 1 alone, ^^ 'fj^ tnnk 
laaj) ; to stand ^till, P^^~f 
Sn h;in<r : to stand good in 
law, ^ ^ hop lai'; to 
stand up for, ]|jf^ dioh'; to 
stand forward, [JJ^^/''"W^ 
t'au : to stand security 
for. I'll (^ /anm ^po ; not 
to stai d on ceremony, "^^ 
^ jjig pat tue *^lai ; to 



STA 



4CA 



STA 



I 



stand ill awe of, {^ -^ 

keiii/^ ii'.'tfx to stand lieab, 
Pg ffl % Mn;;Vj^j to 
stand one's ;jround, ^p Lt 
1^ s/ir/?. k'i ti'; to stand 
firmly, y^ ^ "^k'i \raii ; 
stand l)aol<,f;|j;,f|^ts;ui' 
yenni^y^^m?? ; to stand on the 
tiptoe of expectation, ^ 
t'^ \''\ iiioiiij ; to Stand 
higher, yj^jfjj^^'k'i holi; 
to stand near the Convent 
of Longevity at New Yiai- 
time, i.e.y to seek employ- 



it, Ay 



k 1 



mcnb, /j^ ^ .g^ 
oh'cung shun om ; to ^Land 
witii arms akimbo, i^ jj^ 
ySY^ r.h^nmifi in k-iciuij''; 
to stand on tlie very edi^c, 

mu!t'\ cannot stand it, p^j 
,pS /^ tiiii^ 'm cline : to 
stand on tiptoes, T[] ^ 
ngat I'n ; to stand rt ease, 

^^ i7i Bl1^ ''^'' ''^-^ ^'" = « 
small table oi" stand, ^ jL 

ch'a Z'j; a stand to pnt 

articles ou,—^^^^^ 



yat kol^ foil mat m ; a 
pencil stand, ^ ^ A3 
sheiif/ put /ra^; a chair 
stand, pj >l® ;2;^ t'eng 
/ir/jt ke s/iue . 
.Stand-point, Jra* J|l^ i kin , 

Standard, (flag)j[^ k'i, (rule) 
j^ t(»^; cannot come up 
to y >nr -standard, P^ ^ 

eh II tin ; standard measure, 
7^ J^ hoo:i rh'eJr^; standard 
nxi^iit, 'g* ^.B^ /roo/i ma ; 
to raise the standard, S^ 
iM shne^ k'i ; standard of 

s'lvcr, ^j ;£ :j: ® a 

lai' ten>;'' ks^ ngan s/tiA; ; 

standard number, ^gj| |g([ 

nyaak s/«o'. 
Standard-bearer, ^ ^ ^^ 

'e^ /?//» k'i ke^ koon. 
Stander-by, ^ J^ # p'ong 

kom' 'r/ie, ^ ^ # i§ 

^ ^ *^k'i tsoi^ p'ong 

;yi/i /re yan. 



STA 



462 



STA 



weng 



Stand itig.*^'^ sheunghang ; 
standing army ; -M ^^^$^ 
^^ -j^ ch'eung yeung ke' 
jpeng sze"*; standing rules, 

laap he ticai t'iu, *sl 
sheung k^ivai ; friends of 
long standing, ^ ^^ lean, 
yau, '^ ^ kau^ Sail. 
Standstill, j»^ ^^, t'eng stA; ; 
trade is at a standstill, ^ 

M- ^ W ^^'"^^ff *' ^'^"^" 

tso', -^ ,"§ r5* ^'^^"^ ^' 



tseng . 



sJti, 



Sf#y"^ 



Stanza, ^ 

«A«w shi ; stanzas in pen- 
tameters, jU.^ ng tsuet. 
Staple, (a) ^^ /'lY'-'i, |^ 

>^^W '^^^^ ^'^ *^' ^^^"^' 
^ffl ^^^^"°g yuung'; -Jg 
^b wai chtif- ; the staple 
products of China are silk 

and rice,ftlg;2±^ 
5^^ "til ^^"'""^ ^'won;^ ^c^ 
ehue ^ch^aan sze ch'a ^ya. 
Star, J|f4 ^ nap-sin ff, seng • 
the morning star, ^ ^ 
meng se??^; stars and planets 



/rtroA to 



three auspicious stars, ^^ 
^ aaam seng ; i. e., the star 
of happiness ; jj^ ^ fuuk 
seng, the star of emoluments, 
^ ^ luuk ««?^, and the 
star of longevity, ^ ^ 
shau' s«?^ ; the seven stars 
in Ursa Major, ^ ^ ts'-at 
seng : the fixed stars, ^^_ 
keng seng ; shooting stars, 

^Mi S ^^^^ ^^"^' 1^ M 

chui' seng, ^jj^^ s^w^' 
; the ruling star, 
S(?nr/ 7rt^'w;i ; his 

good star, 5^^^ kau seng ; 

see stars (after a shock), 

^ -^ ^ mo ^2<m sen^f ; 

born under a lucky star, 

kut seng ; born under an 
evil star, -^ ^^ ^ ^^ 
meng /««i huung seng. 

Star-board, ^ y^ shuen- 
yau\ 

Starch,^ tsenng ; rice starch, 
^ ^ mai /sewn^ ; to 
prepare starch, *^ ^^ 



STA 



46:'. 



STA 



eh^uung tspung ; to starch 
clothes, ?l%^^ tseimg i 
fuuk, ^ ^^ lok tseimg ; 
rnb flour for starching,^ 
^^ hii tsning. 
Stare, ^. ^^^ ^ chang-^ 
'ngaan-^/'rt/.^PP;^ teng^ 
ngaan Iiohn ,- to stare at, 

B m m^ a '^ '^^--^ 

mong'' chue ; wliy do you 
stare with open mouth like 
a i;dead)r herring > jf^ @ 

-fe fg iK ^ ss # 

^fe^ ni wai mat 'm ngiij) 
kok haam ue kaap^; don't 
stare at me so, 

ft ^ '"i 



mai 



lai' chue 'ngoh ; to stare 

about, ^ J[|^ cJiuu shi'; 

to stare full in the face, 

^ iB il m K teng' 
ngaan mong to^ Bhat. 
Star-fish, y^^^ hoi p'oon 

Stark, {H ngaang ,<^ ts'uen ; 
stark naked flSl :^ ^ 
ftte^ ch'elr^ lak (Jaak'). 



Star-less, ^gOB5 '"" -'"^"^ ** 
Star-like, Jf ^ flj^ yeuk 

sr;j^ /», k^j^^ 'eng 

yeng //. 
Star-light, ^-jf^ ^f'>if/ hcong 
Starry, :^ ^ M Sfl^ 'yau 

Start, (set out) p^ ^ ''^*' 
hang, (by Tvater) gg ;^ 
hoi-shati, (up) 1^^;^ ^'t'"^- 
//»■ ; ^\hen do vou start ? 
^B^WJ^ Va shi tuung* 
,s/h//^ ; to make a start in 

>if«. fe f fc it ft '« 

s//rt!< tso sAai' A'arti ; to 
give the thing a start, "^ 

/«a^ /5o/c /a lai ; from 
start to finish, Q ^ ^ 
3^ tsze chH chi chuung. 

Starting-point,;^ S ^ ^ 
hi ch'eng ke* ch^ue . 

Startle, j^ ^ chan^-keng ; 
startled, ^"t^ J^eiig ngok. 

Startling, ^A^S^fiS ^^^^^ 

yan wax n. 
Starvation, ^^ ngoh' ^sze. 



STA 



464 



STA 



Starve, ■$'I]^ chai -sink, (to 
death), ^Ij^l^ rhai^- sze, ^^ 
^P \\goU^-''sze ; to gnaw 
at a bone, i.e., to starve, 
Pg^gg Mm Jcivut fan : 
to starve from cold, (^^ 
iuunf/ szp 1^ ^ "Ian iil^ '.<-zr>. 

State, (condiLiun), ^J*^ "^ 
ts'ing-s/wt , (nation), ^\ 



Jcu'ok; (to), ^ f^ /r(7/?/y- 
slrnt, U wd\ ]^t\t ^'''ii"- 



s7/?yp^ , (to i\ suporior) f^ 
j_j piin-ko ; a state cliair, 



it. 



P^^^ 



stMU' of aliject misery, 'I'S 
^ -^ U-ai lennir /Wv/// ; 
to state clt'iirly, ;^fj|1 pun 
meno-. s^ ^ /:o/?^/ nieng, 
ig ^ r/it nuns: ; I ('^r we) 
bejj; Lo state, JBJ^ ^ tai 
che ; tliiit which the \vrit»T 
respectfnlly states 
keng tai die, 
Icemf taat che ; to deUI>ei 
ate on jifTn't's of state, 
Jjf" ^ ^ sheung k-un^: 
A:w'0/c sz" : a dependent, 
state, ^ r]^ shuuk kivolc'; 






offences against the state, 
^ p^ /a<?An77 tsui ; an 
iiiiicpiiideiit state, Q ^b 
P^ tsze ^chne kirolc \ 
neighbouring states, ^R^ 
luun Jrtrok^; a pioniifiiiig 
state, -^ -S" '^•(7(7i /"en// ; 
to live in great state, ^ 

stiite verljally, ^ ^ .s7«<ei 
chi. 

Statedly, ^DJ^ t^ng' //, |3| 
3^[|^ r/r^;^ I, lap /i. 

Statr!inu>s, g ^ Z-^ ngong, 
®^-^ hin nL:(ing. 

Stalely, -J^ taai^ ^^H^ 
Iro kwai ti, ^ }^ wai 
ini. 

Stiitement, -^ ch'etifr. ^|J 
nj] litmeng, a^|J;^'4|: 
chan lit ke sze ; state ment 
by tiie gentry, ^J. ^ 
hnnsig ch'eiig : an ex pm\'e 
statement, — • [Si<^^^ ?/^^ 
min chi ts'ze ; a written 
statement, ^ ^ t^ze 
^/7/m ; a verbal statement, 



STA 



465 



STA 



I 



ke sze ; to give a detailed 
statement of tlie circum- 
stances, KtSftlwA^'''"" 

shuei ts'eng yuu ; a state- 
ment of receif)t3 and ex- 
penditure, j^ ^ ^ ^ 
tsuun chi ke sho' ; to 
make out a specified sLaie- 
nieiit, ll^f^p^^lj chunk 
kin^ lioi lit. 

Statf-p.iper./^ ^ luunrj muti. 

State-i<rison, -^ fS^ shaang 
/r.'uim, ^ ]^ kuung haam. 

State room, ~^jM taai^ i'eiig, 
^j^Mj^ sluieii mi fonj;. 

SUi e^ gciieral, ^| -j^ ^ i 
szj cHU pg^^i^c la 1 uen. 

Stat.snui, \^ y^ IroJc' %, 

iK E '^a;^^' shun, ^ >^ 

^ ^;/i«/j/ chi' ka, ^ g 



Station, ^^ shall -fmi\'^ 
wai\ (on a road) y^ ^ 
chaam -t'au, (guunrs; ^ 
^J si<Mn^-ti\ (position)^ 
' ^ shoh-tsoi , (police) ^^ 
^ ch'-aai.-^ knon ; a high 
station, ^ (vj^^ /ro wai ; a 
rail\vay-(or tram-) station, 

tKWvh ^^^^ ^^'''^ (•h,i:im\ 
a telegiaph station, ^^jj 



tin 



po koon^ 



ch'iii shan. 
Statsmnnship, ^^jj^M^^'A 

7 ^ J 

«(« <•//(?/; 7 sze . 
Statics, ^ ^. chuung'-hok, 
PJPl2<^ tseug ^ch'uung 
Lok. 



military station, ^'M'^ 

Z:;r?<u yeng ch'eung. 
Stationary, ^ ]^|^ 'm yvvJ'^ 
Stationer's shop, ^ ^r^ 

yu-pury'o\ m.^i 

chi-Uu -"p'o^. 

Stationery, '^ Wj ^ '^ 

mnn fong sze po, ^^ ^ 

fi ^ >\^ 'chi pit niak 

^a//y uicit. 

Statistic, sl^atistical, =(3 B^' 

^^' /'■' gS oa^ ''^"' i^^ Wt 

P^ (7i <wA'' ti ; statistical 
tables of the population,. 
^ P jl^" "o^ '^^^ ch'aal^y 
^ jpfe "^' ?^i^«n. 



STA 



466 



STE 



Statistics, g±; c^i^ g| gg 
Titvolc' ki\ ^ g^^ /r;t'o/£^ 

cAt ch'en,£r. 
Statuary, ^Mi^^ZM 

till hak 'ngau tseuiig' ke^ 

ngai\ 
Statue, {{^^ ngau-tsenng^; 

sits like a statue, ^"^ — . 

i^ r^"T* ^^^'^ tseung^ yat 
yeung'* '^ts'oh lia^; to carve 
a statue, j^^ /»Useung^ 
statues of officers and 
animals at a tomb, ^{(U 
yuung chnung ; a wooden 
statue, yj^'^ muuk tseung , 



statue of a lion, TJ^W^ sze 
tseung\ 
Stature, ^'^ yeng tseung\ 
^ ^ }fc"g yuung, ^ 
shan ; of small stature, ^ 
;j)^^$g/J\ shan ts'oi ^tuen 
siu ; of lugh stature, ^ 

'^ ^ "^^ ^^^'* ^^'^* ^''^ 
taai"*. 

Status, quo ante, Wo ^ f/^m' 

kau\ 

Statute, :^ (611 luut^-lai\ 



Stave, i|^ j^ f'uung ''paan^ 

^paaii ; to stave off, ^jM 
iHd ch'i. 
Stay, (to) ^ IT]; 'to;2^-V 
^ hit^, ^ chue ; to stay 
for, ^^i^ f'^'^HI lifiu^ stay 
just a little, ^ — ■ ^ 
^«/?^ ya^ ta»^ ; engaged 
to stay, jt ^ W laap 
teng Jceuk^; to stay over 

niglitj S ^ ^^^''<'''''' ye^ 
could not get him to stay, 

chue^; to stay long ^^ 

^kau lau, ^^^ /^«m chue'; 
to stay (legal) proceedings, 

shum suun . 

Stead, j^ toi', 5gc ^'«t\ f^ 
^^ toi /'a»^ I will go in 
your stead, J^ ^ fi^N i* 
""ngoh t^ai 7ii hue\ ^^iSf* 
•^ toi' Sii /iwe'. 

Steadfast, ^. 7i7'/?, 5^ 2t'M«, 
»j'0[ hang, '^ sheung. 

Steadily, JDf j^ tsim' *tsim, 
^•^Sft -?'^'^ ^^ tuung'; 



STE 



467 



STB 



steadily goes on with his 

business, ^ill^ft^S 
kin sum tso shang i"*. 

Steadiness, 'j^'g* lO'uii tong . 

Steady, f^^ 'g* 'iriin.-tong\ 
(stand) ^ ^^^ k'i- «r<m, 

ij^ ^* "'"'^ ^"-'^^^ 5 S''^ 
steady, ^^^ ts'oh '^wun ; 
quite steady, ^f.g|$(*|: 
tvun ^wwi chan clian''; 
a steady man, ^ '^^ ^ 
^^ teng^ seng ice yan ; 
market prices are steady, 

T}T®:^S:^1K'shi 

/ca^ pat ko pat tai ; a steady 
breeze, ^JH woh fuung ; 
steady your hand, ^^ ^ 
^•^ teng^ ni /ce ^shau. 

Steak, (beef-) ^i )^ fg 
ngaa-yuuk-*p'a. 

Steal, 1^ ^Y«<, ^S sit ; to 
steal and sell, "jj^ ^ 
ktvaai faan^; to steal a 
glance, f|fjjjj[|[ t^au shi'; to 
steal money, ^^ ^ t'au 
ngan ; to steal off or away, 

stolen goods, |^ ^ 'son^ 



mat : to buy stolen property, 

^ M M W •^•/'«" maai 
ts-'aak tsong ; aiiglo for sole 
(-fish), i.e., steal shoes, ^(f 
;^ ^y^ /'/w' t'aat^ sha; 
act as a receiver of stolen 
property, ^|^ wok tsong. 
Stealthily, Of P^ ^m' ti, 3fJ^ 

tail f-an ti Lso\ 
Steam, ^^^ kwun- shui- 
hi, (to) y^ cJienn ; to 
steam rice, ^ ^ c/ie/?^ 
faan^ steam it thoroughly, 
^^^''^ip'ig shnuk 'ha. 

Steamer, j/Cfw)5S ^'^''^-luun- 
shuen. 

Steam-launch. j/Cllfif? V''^* 

shuen /s«/. 
Steed, ^ 'ma, ||^ ,^ cAm* 

ma. 

Steel, ^ /^o;;^', ^ ^ /^lY* 

Z:o«^ ; pure steel, |jg ^ 

shuun /con^ ; polish it by 

rubbing it with a piece of 

steel, ^^I^^J^fg 

pi kong lai ugaan kivoh^ 

k'ue. 



STE 



468 



STE 



Steelyard, Jg ^f ^p.i-ck'fng\ 
(money- ) ^ ^ li-*ta.ng\ 
JS^ -^ tang' ^tszp ; tl)e 
marks on the steelyard, 
M^ ^ tang sp??// : tost 
the steelyard, ^ f% "^ 
ham^ tiMig'* p'oon. 

Steep, l^ ,f •)• ^k'i-/6'.^ 0f 

Steep, (to) yi^ /sz/??i\ (dip), 
'fE nl^ yiiifi- lia ; steeped 
ia sjirits. '^{l;^§ ^*""? 
tsoi t$av. 

Steeple, ^ |^ /•//'?/?//?//-*]au. 

Steer, ((.) fg )|£ V«-'^-^'l', 

(a bull; ll^iff^/^V '^■^'«. 

Steerage, ^^^^i^}^^ 'V^< s''"^^" 

'fob, 
Steering-Mlicd, "^X^ |*0 Voli 

luuu. 
steersman, iif^ /r^ shaav- 

Tcininti. \j(^y^ f"li Jnnnuj. 
Stellar, ^ Zji H(1^ 4;^^ ohusik 

sw^ c/>i II I at. 
Stem, ^ /'»///?, j^^ rhj ^ 

''k'lvaanti, (to") pjj j h *^fAo''^- 



Stench, .pL r/i'<m , — ^^P^ 
yaZ-puiing -ts'ui, — )^%^ 
ynf pnniig Id , (a vile; 
n^Q^ r/z'fl'?/ -haiifi-Mng 

Steiu.giaplKr,^J)jJ ^;| 

StenogTiiphy, \^'^'^^kaam 

put \sp, f^:^-@ji 'Jcaam 

put se faut'. 
Stentor, ^ -^ W ^^ A 

yau taai shf/if/ /ce yan. 
Stentorian, ^^ -/^ ^ kek 

taai shf'iif/. 
Step, ^ ],<.', (to) :>g ;gj 

tsuuii. -hnil; , ^ lifiiig, (in 



a stair) |^ h'ap, 
hani-irvi) ; step by step, 
— ^ — ^ ijat po* 
?/.7/ pu ; piomntiOTl step 

by St. r, ^ # ^ IS 

po^ po ho sJippg ; your 
step, i.fi., yon, -ft. j^ yimlc 
]'(>'; please step iu, ^^^ 
■^ ^ yan lo /r/frii'' po''; 
btepcarefnlly, Ifg^^^ 
taap irvu t/vl/ po ; steps, 
i.e., order, ^ |^ tang 
k^vp ; promoted three steps^ 



STE 



4Gd 



STE 



which in the event of dis- 
grace will l)e allo*Hid to 
count, j)\\ ^ jf^ ka saam 
i'v/j ; pruinoted one step, 

to rise step by step, ^|5 
K' /r'wj; k'up shenng ; to 
step the ratist, §^^ shue 
wai ; to ascend the golden 
(or hedvenly) steps of the 
palace, (as the three highest 
Hanh'n graduates), ^^ ^ 
1^ van kim Mai (or ^ 
J^ till I'oai) ; cannot 
walk half a step, ^^|| 
^ poon po naan hung ; 
stone steps, ^ j^ shek 
l^up ; a fliirht of wooden 

Brnrnk /i;'?/jo ; to step back, 

to step forth, yj ^ fA'w?^/' 

■ fcang : to step forward, ^ 

yj ^ hang e7j'?m^ loi ; 

lo step in, ^ ^l^ yup loi, 

>\ i" y"P ^'"*'« 
Step-father, j^ ^ W-foo , 

(-mother), |^-^ /a»'-'mo, 



-^r hau^ mo, ^ ^ 
ban' neung ; step-sister, ^U 



ngoi raooi\ 



Steppe, 2Ii 1^^ fi'eng nen. 
Step-ladder, ^^^ ^'^'i /^«^ • 
Stepping-stone, ii?§ jjlj ^ 

taap-/;:^?/^ -shek. 
Sterculia Balanghas. ^^ ^ 

p'an-*p'oh, ;(^ j^\^ ng- 

t'unng; Sterculia Tomentosa, 

g. ^^ 7>.^ ng. 
Stereograph ic. Stereograph ical, 

^j\^^ miu mat yeng /». 
Stereography, ^§ 4^ ^ © 

miu mat yeng ngai\ 
Sta-eometer, ^ ^f^ ^ k'au 

Stereoscope, fl^. ^^ ^ '"^i*" 
ycMn^ waak, 0^^/^^ 
yewig waak ie^ ^6/?^^ 
Stereotype, if ^;^^ 
j^ chue^ ngaang ^paan ie 
tsze jmcui ; this book is 
in stereotype, jlt^l^ffl 
^ ^ ^ ^ts'-ZA $}me 
yuimg^ ciu(e^ taxe paaa. 



21 



STE 



470 



STE 



> f J 



Sterile soil, )^ J^ ^^^ '"'^'^' 

Mb iS. S- '''' P'' P''^' ' ^ 
sterile woman, ^ ^ j^ 

^-^^ mo s/i^rty?^ ^ch^aan 



Tee nue yan. 



mo shang 



Stenlity, ^^ 
Veung. 

Sterling, ^ S ^ Z/% 
A;?6'o7c' ngan ; three pounds 
sterling, ^^H|^ 2/% 
Tcum saam pong . 

Sterling, ^ /r?rf«", j]^ chenff', 
sterling character, ^ ^^ 
■^p — • piu ^lue ue ?/a^. 

Stern, J^ ^ im-stwA-, (the) 

g mi ; 

im foo ; a stern look, ^, 

tS ffi jK y^^"^« ™^*"' 

r/w/?// im ; a stern face, p^ 



^ hau'-j^M?, 
a stern teacher, fj 
sze ; a stern father, ^^ '^ - 



• 5 5 • 

mm maau im 



s?/«/{; ; a stern law, ^j^ j^ 
^ 'tey s7/wm im A;e^ lai^ 
the bows and stern of a 



'JO, 

c 



. shuen 



t'au k'up shnen mi ; stern 



and severe, 



im lai 



5 f • 
tsue mi. 



Sternly, J^ im, |^ lai . 
Stern most, ;^ 

^L ^^ ^^^'^^ hau\ 
Sternum, )j^*^ himnff kvmt. 

Stern-post, j^ J^ ;2l tt 
shuen mi he' ch'ue. 

Stern-sheets, •j|j|' ^^ ^s'ow^ 
wai , ^ ;^ fong ts^ong. 

Stertorous, ^^ ^ |10^ hoha 
s7««n^ ti. 

Stethoscope, 
cheng t'uung. 

Stevedore, ^ 



Id 



stew 



5j mun 



lok foil* die. 



001 



Stew, (to) 

vegetables, JJH^^ o chaai ; 

stewed beef, -^Zt^l^ ooi' 

ngau yuuk ; an Irish stew, 
..^^ T^S A;* y^ o 1 ' 

W ^ It ^a °°^ ^'^'^® 

/.srti kai ; stewed birds-nest, 
in ivoh ; 

/s^ koon- 



well stewed, ^ 
001 ro Ao num 

Steward, ^ ^ 
sze -yan,- ^^ ^ 
(corapradore), ^ 
*paau\ 



koon kay 

-1. c 

maai- 



ST I 



471 



STI 



nue 



Stewardess, ^ ^ ^ nue 
/foon /:«, ^j^ >^ ^ 
*A;oo» sze\ 
Stewardship, ^ ^ ^ 

A'oo/i sze ke chek. 
Stick, (a) >^ :^^g t'iu-/r«'<m\ 
(pierce) ^|J kat, (adhere) 
|g ^ ch'i-'-kan, (fail) ;;:p 

paste) 3|5 /'^y, (stick in) 
^-j^ ch'-anp -lok ; iucense 
sticks, ^^ /rcw/? Ae2/«<7, 
J^ ^ /rart/i^ heung, ^^ 
^ 6//i 7«f?//J/7 ; won't come 
off, it sticks, Pg ^f ^ 
'm tak hit ; give him a 
dressing with a stick, >j^ 
^fg /:/ruM jJ^a/i' k'ue ; 
the ink will not stick, ^ 



m 



mak 'm na ; stuck 



between the teeth, ^|p ^ 
chaang nga ; to stick a 

stick in a few bad ones, 

7n^e ; a withered stick, i.e., 
a shiftless fellow, jj^^j^/j"^ 
1^ Vro muuk ^//rtw /ai^; to 



fence with sticks, ^ ^^ 
''sha ku'un ; to beat a whole 
crew with the same stick, 
i.e., blame a class for the 
fault of one, — llf'^U 
— ' )l& ^ 2/^'^ chuuk ko 
naam i/at shuen van ; stick 
up a notice, fj^^^^^ 
nim (chim) t'ij/ ko shi . 

Stick-lac, ^ ^ ^s^e ^kanff, 

^ ^ fcstf ^s'o yuung. 

Stickle, -jj^ "^ k'ue-chiqi, >jg 
ni , ^ 1^ chaang luun\ 

Stickler, ^ ^ ni' yan. 

Sticky, ^ ^j^ na nim, 5fJ 
nim ; sticky with oil, ^ 
ygj naap yau. 

Stiff, 1^ ngaang', ^ 'kang ; 
stiff and rustHng, ^ ^ 
■^ ngaang ^ui</(; Jcuu^ ; 
as stiff as a poker, ^ :|^ 
jfH- ij^H fofi' p'aang kom 



ngaang 



Stiffen, ^ 
Stiffnecked, ^ 
keng. 



leng ngaang'. 
BH flaw - 



STI 



472 



STI 



Stifle, J^ ^^ Ivuuk- s2.e ; to 
^sti-fle with dust, J|^ J^ 

^ ^J 3/h ^ s/w cb'an 
kuuk sze. 

Sbigma, ^ J^ '^t'ira yuuk. 

Stile, ^ ticp, t^m^ 
muuk tup /i:a^; to help a 
lame dog aver a stile (Lit : 
to pole a ferry-boat), ^'^ 
ch^aanr/ to\ 



Sbiietto, J^ "gf *pi' ^shau. 

Still, (adv.) y(D ^ yeng- 
in, ^ chuung^ ^ waan, 
(qniet) 5^ p^ tsik-tseiig', 
' ^||nseng^tseng,'tseng'- 
•tseng'; still better, ^fi| 
JC^ net faeit "lio, J^ -^ 
hmg 'ho; sftin it is so, -^ 
■^ yeng hai^; better still, 
^itj* obuuDg^ ViO ; ibere 
are gtill some more, ^^ 
fl|^ cbttung^ yau 4; still 
Jnere, ^ ^ waan tsoi ; 
«xtremely still, ^ ^J "^ 
]J^ ^^ tseng^ to^ liu jw?;; 
fe^ ,• sit still ! Be quiet ! 

#®^n^tsen§'*taeiig' 
"'ts'oh lo/c.^ 



Still-born, ^g fj^ 'sze Poi. 
Still, (a) ^^ ^^^ isau-tsang . 
Still-room, U g ^ 'ch'ue 

%au foDg, ^'/gj^ c/ifi^j^ 

fof«/ fong. 
Stilts, 1^ )^ ;jg poJc^^keuIc^- 

Stimulant, i^ J|{p n^Jj ,t<ai 
shau ti. 

Stimulate, ^ ^ simng- 
fii, ^^ ^ 'stmng tuang, 

^ Ai<^/» min ; stimulate 
the appetite, ^ ra hoi 



wai*. 



Stimulation, 



B3c>f' 



A-^o mo. 



^ »'* 



coo mo 



Ae^ sze\ 



^4= 



JceJ:, 
koo 'mo Jce ueii. 



Stimulative, -^ ^ 
leng yan koo mo. 

Stimulus, ^'^'^ '"" 

Sting, ^ i'fz?^?!, ^-j* chum, (to) 
^Ij ^s'2e ; the Btiug of a 
mosquito, ^ ^^ m«^?^ 
«&i»?2 ; a bee's stiog, ^ 
^k ^\ mat fuung chwn. 



STI 



473 



STI 



Stingily, :g:gs- luun' shilc, 
p >^ hmn sik, -a ^ 
j}'i luun.' 

Stinginess, -^ ^ ^p'i shik. 

Stingy, g haan, %\ ]^ 
haak-^k, <[g :^ Aaww 
luun,^ it^'l^ '^'^ /*««??, i^ 
^ shau kmi, ^ ^J^ a-;; 
tsiij), ^ ^] 5/a/t Aflw/c, 

so stingy, -j^ p^' ^ 
mat koyn' lim ; he is rery 

stingy, TE S W 'k'ue 
shum haai. 
Stink, ^ ^ ch^aic'-hi , ^ 
^ ngcuu' -ch'-au^ ; stinking 
copper, i.e., a miser, or a 
man who has bought his 
post, -^'^ ch'^a^^ t'uung ; 
stinking, J^ g so ??/7««^; 
stinking vegetables, j^^ 
foo' ts'-oi • stinking breath, 
P^^ ^hau hi ch^aii; 
stinking fish. M^^ ch^au 
ue ; stinking meat, J^ j^ 
foo yuuk. 



Sfcink-pot, ^<5| fo^^i-po, j^ 
^^^foh yeuk;?fl ; to throw 
a sLink-pot, Ite j^ |g ^ 
p'aau '•foh yeuk po. 

Stint, (to) (5g^|J haan'-cA«t,' 
(a) X 1^ kuimg-foh\ 
^ haan' teng\ |5^ 
haan' to'; to stint one's 
work, |(R $5 X ^ haan' 
teng kuwig foo ,- to stint 
one's appetite,-^] S ^chai' 
k'ifuuk, P^^Sfhaau' k'i 
kwai'; you gave me your 
help without stint, Hp IS 
^tl£ ^ cA<V /roo'mo yeng. 

Stipend, X ^ /:?/?</?^ ts'in, 
X^ kmmg kiim, ^)j^ 
fuuug lunk, ^ ^ hang' 
kum, j)^ ^ s«M ^j<m, 
^^ •^'^ s?(;? S////J. 

Stipendiary, ^ ^ y^<^ shau' 

Stipple, ^{5 ^ /f//i waak. 
Stipulate, * 1^ ^ yfu^'- 

ting', JJL |5 laap 7jeuk\ 
U^ fe;?/ meng, -^f^ 
^ .s//i 5A?^f^ teng.' 
Stipulations, -(^^ t'iu-%o;t 



STI 



474: 



STO 



Stir, (to) ^P 'kaaii, (begin to 
move) ]^^ heng- hi, ^jj 
^» iinmg^ -shan, (a) 
naau -it ; stir up, 



^J htau ^'m ; to stir the 
people to rebellion, ^ ^[^ 
i^ •^ ""ill luen paak 
seng^; stir thoroughly or 
evenly, ■^.■^ kaau wun ; 
stir some sugar into it, ^^ 
1^ If ^0 t'^ t'ong ; don't 
stir, \^^ ^ mai yuulc ; 
don't stir, even if the ants 
bite you, i.e., under any 
circumstances, ^^ 5x w 
P§ '^IS 11?^^ ''ngaau to 'm 
yuuTc ; stir the fire, ^^ 

Stirrup, ^^ g§ ]^ ^ma taap 
to«^ ; stirrups, i.e ,, foot 

stool, ^^§>tS ^^^'^' ^^^P 
/an^ ; present the stirrup- 
cup, '^ ^ *^y2«;i fsMi', or 
^pfj tsin clceiili'; stirrup 
bone (in the inner ear), IB^ 
P3 .1 ^f ^ 'i «oi' 'nia 



Stitch, (of a needle) ^\ -^ 
chum--po'', (to) ^J ^en^, 
(fine) ^a[ ^^ /i:V«<'-mat, 
(pain) "rfjjj J/S ts'eJc-tuung^ f 
the stitches are far apart, 

U ^ i§i£ **^*^ P°^ *^^^*' 

finely stitched, |j^ :^ $H 
ngau yau sai'; the chain 
ta yuung 



stitch, ^i^ 

huen. 

Stock, (of a tree) yj^ ^ 
muuk-t'au, j^ ^ shue - 
shan (of a musket) jH^ 
ch'ong, (in trade) ^ ;^ 
/oA - poo/i, (shares) j^ yf 
Jwo-fun ; stock in trade 
and fixtures, ^^ jj^ p'o^ 
^tai ; the stock of an anchor, 
^ ^ naau shan ; live 
stock, ^ pi shang hau , 
^ d^ clihiulz shaang ; to 
be a laughing stock, ^^ 
^^ Hn s«? 2/e chiaing , 
^ /|^ si?<^ ^je??// ; a great 
stock of learning, ^ _^ 
^^ ^/i /fw^ shilc. 

Stockade, ^^ i 



shaau po. 



STO 



475 



STO 



Stock-l.roker. J^ ^j) $1 $ 

Jcoo fun kenrj Id. 

Stock-fish, ^ ^^ ch'aai ue. 

Stock-holder, ^ ^ f y> ^ 
^yau koo fuii^ ''die. 

Stockings, ^^ mat ; a pair of 
stockings, — ■ ^ ^ yat 
tui^ mat ; stockings of 
cotton cloth, ^ ^ po^ 
mat ; quilted stockings, 
ij^ ^^ min mat ; lined 
stockings, ^^ ^^ 7r««;? 
mat ; a large stocking, i.e., 
a generally useful thing, 
^1^f^ taai' ?"2«^;2^ mat ; 
stick it into vour stockinsr, 

W ^ f H M '^^^*' <^soi' 
mat ^t'uung. 



Stock-jobber, ^ ' 
maai maai koo fun . 



Stocks. )]ip ^ keuk'-ka\ 
jpp ^ /:?;//: chaap ; he's 
in the stocks ! (lit : he is 
exhibiting his luck), f^l^ 
^|\ k'ue paai kica. 

Stock-still, ^ ^p ^ tseng' 
ue sbai. 



, Stoic, Jf^ ^ ;^ A taam^ 
I teng^ ke* yan. 
Stoical, ^ i^ Sno-ts'eng^ 

Stoicism, ^jf{y0i^ taam' 

jjok' \-hae i\ 5^ ^ ;:^ 

^ //i no^ 7^.1/ }eng. 
Stoker, ^ *J^^ 'koon Joh 
che, j/^ 32 V<'''^ kuunf/f. 

»jg jAc sA^-^< y^A. 
Stolid. §^ tuun^ :;f ^ 5 

jt?«^ c/a' i/aif. 

Stomach, ^ ^ p'i-wai ; 
food rising on the stomachy 
tr Hi tS '^^' 't'o t^im;^ 
a weak stomach, ^ ^ wai 
hohn ; a diseased stomach, 

^yC^ ^'^^' y*^^^ sheng; 
to quiet the nerves of the 
stomach, ^ ^ j/^ ^we 
wai TbA; I have a pain 
in the stomach, ^^Ht 
j|S \lj^ ugoh ki/i^ t'o 
t'uung cAe'; is your stomach 
distended after eating? -^ 



shik uen faan kiii^ paau 
Cheung 'm ni; an empty 



STO 



476 



STO 



stomach, ^ ^ hxmng 
funk, ^^ ^ Mufiiulc. 
Stomacher, i^ ^J: ^rtz< ^t'o 

Stomachic, ^ R^ wai^ ^/ 



ra 
F3 



A 



*^2;o waP 



lik fo". 

Stomach-pump, 7^I^:?}C?{^ 
ynp-hau- shui-chit^, ^ :|^ 
■j^ Avai ch'-au t'aung-. 

Stone, ^ shek, ^^ shek- 
t'au, (of fruit) ;^ wat, (to), 
# 5 tr '/"■-sliek-Vrt ; 
built of stone, ^ ^ ^ 
R^yuung shek A J /I sheng; 
to leave no stone unturned, 

shP ; boundary stone, ^^ 
j^ shek tak ; throw stones 
and set on fire, ^^^^ 
*J^ p'ek shek fonff^ foh ; 
as hard as a stone ^' -^ 

S PM" ^M *^''^^ ^'^'^^ ^^^^'^ 
A:ow^ ngaang''; stone of a 

peach, jfj\ j^ t'o wat ; at 

a stone's throw, ^^ ^^ 

Ao "^k'an. 



Stone-blind, "g^^pT^ 
maang mat ^mt ''lioh kin . 

Stone-cutter, ^ ^ K ta- 
shek-yan. 

Stone-deaf, ^ ^|J |^ luung 
to^ kek. 

Stone fruit, ^ ;^ ;^ |^ 
yau wat cJii Icivoh^. 

Stone pit, ^j:j\, shek haang. 

Stone-still, ■^U^:^7f^$)} 
ue shek c/ri ;wi! tiuing\ 

Stone-wall, ^^ H^ shek 
ta'eung. 

Stone-ware, ^^ 5S shek ^t* 

Stony, ^ ;g" B|j<| /o/i shek 
U, ^ Q^j shek /i ; stony 
heart, ^|^ j\][^ ngaang^ sutn 
^^ j\j) "^yapj sum ; stony 
land, ^ jJ^ shek /i . 

Stook, -^ |g| ^ ^ 2/«^ 
kw'-un woh ^'s're^; to put 
into stooks, ^ ^- j^ 
^s'se woh ''kiv^un. 

Stool, ^ i^r/'^/, (go to) ^p 

IcLaing ; a square stool, "^ 
^ /.;^^ tain/', ^ ;^ ^ 
Vrt/« /o>?^ toy?^^; a long 



STO 



477 



STO 



5 J 

tang ; a 



stool, -^^ ch'eung tang^^ 
;^ 3^ *";wfl'/i tm\(i^\ a foot 
stool^JI^ |?§ ^ ;c«^/c' 
^rt^y ^«n//'; a three-legged 
stool, i.e., a cheat, ^ 

small stool, :^ |^ /«»// 
Uai; a bamboo stool, '^ 
^1 chiiulc Umg^; give you 
a low stool to sit on, i.f., 
make a fool of you, f^^^ 

m *S f^ ft. ^ V; 

cheunfj ''ai ta)\(f ^tsai ^ni 
'ts'oh ; how many stools 
had von in the ni2;ht ? ^^ 

*maaii oA /:t ^o/i clieung^ 
shi. 
Stoop, ^^ /?<e;?-/i;, ng^'j^ 
oo^-tai ; to stoop down, P^^ 
'j^^ (70^ /«/t'au ; to stoop 
to the very ground, '^^'^ 
^^iill /''^ s?iati cJii ti ; he 
stooped in walking, j^ ^ 
SR ^ ^ ^k'ue shui t'au 
hang lo"*; I stooped over 
the fire to warm niv hands, 



^ -^ ngoh wat shan 
tie ^fok i nucn *^i)goh /ce' 
shau ; stoop under the 
table, ^ 15 JlS ^^icn t*oi 
^tai ; he stooped to pick up 
the paper, fB ^ IR ^ 
itb^l^ k'ue shui fau chap 



Stop,f^nTt'en-'lia, ^^g, 
hit'-sik, jj^ -^ c///-chue, 
(with the bauds) i*fe /^ 
cha'-chue'; to stop work 
(in sense of a 'strike'), -JS 
"X t'eng killing; to stop 
work (in ordinary sense), 
U^2E1 5^*^?^ Killing ; to pot 
a stop to, 'l^ jj^ t'eng 
'^chi, ^i ^ t'eng /cww', 
\\- j^^ eld sik ; a full 
stop, — '1^^^ yat ^tim ; the 
stop of a flute or organ, 
^ ^^ k'um chat ; to pub 
a stop to litigation, Jj^ g^ 
sik tsuung'; to stop up, 'fe 
^ t'eng srt/i;, ^ >^ sflfA; 
chue'; to stop raining, fl|^ 
^ ts'eng ue ; to stop the 
flow of blood, jjp J^ ^chi 



STO 



478 



STO 



huei'; to stop payment, \&^ 
-ifc 3^ ^ t'eng chi chi 

f ^' f? it ^ ffi ♦''^"g 
cA^" ngan "■lenng ; stop ! 

stop ! ^ i|f ii -If \/i'. 
maan'*, ch'-e maan'*; Stop ! 
(in sense of Have done!) 
IgT pa^ ^liu, fliqp pa^ 
shau ; one moment he 
says go, the next he says 
stop, — 05" ^ ^ _- 

S f^^ Pg- i- y^t mm 
wa /ii<e , yat min'^ wa 'm 
hue ; nose stopped with 
cold, ^ ^ pi"* sr^/i; ; stop 
suppHes, ^ ;7]\C ^f, tuen 
shui mai ; to stop slaugh- 
tering, g^ g /"^wi' t'o; 
stop eating (also, be silent), 

stop a moment, g)C P~|> ^ 

hit^ 'ha ^'e2^/;;\ 
Stopper, ^^ chat ; the stopper 

of a bottle, ^^ ;^ tsuwi 

chat. 
Storage, ^^^ffi M' ts^oug 

tso, ;j^ ^^ *chaan^ tso. 



Store, (to) ^^1.^ ^st7£-*^ch'ue, 
^in ^1 ^s^/i;-maai, (-house) 
;^ ^ foh'-ts^ng, ^^ 
*chaan^, i^ ^ chaan"*- 
*fong, (basement) J^. 
^f'o-foa' \ a store shed, 
1^ p'aang ''cli'-ong ; gather 
a store of happiness, ^*|j^ 
Uili fuuJc ; to store up 
riches, ^yi'^i' tsilc ts'oi ; to 
store coffins (in a mortuary), 

Store-keeper, ^^^ ^Jcoon 
is'ong ^che, ^ @ ^ 
koon ^chaan"* '^clie. 

Store-room, ^^ ^ ^ mat 
kin^ fong, jl^4^^ 'ch'ue 
mat fong. 

Stores, %^^ tsilc-foh\ (food)' 
fj|[;;^V^/i-shik. 

Stork, :^^ f^A'e/c /ca«j/. 

Storm, Mi nB ^ "PP fi^^mg- 

uc-taai^-AsoZ';,^ jU^ ^ 

fuung-])o ; a storm of rain, 

— ' |>$ ^ PS y^'^ Chan' 
po^ ue ; a storm of wind 
got up, |H ^ S 'hi po' 
fuung ; a storm of wind 



STO 



479 



STO 



i 




and rain, — PJ JSL 3S 
yat cban' fuwi// ue ; to 
storm, i.e., assault, j^ ^ 
Jcuioic/ Ua, ^ ^ kuHu;/ 
Tceh; to storm a city, "J^ 
^ hiung sheng ; to storm 
at, i.e.y be enraged with, 

Stormy, ^^ -^ Jg^ pff Ufl^j 
yau taai fuung ne f<. 

Story, (a) — - ^ "J' y«^- 
tuen'- koo, (of a house) ^^ 
ts'ang ; to tell a story, ^a 
•dfc* ^ ^kong koo sze ; to 
make up a story, ^ f^ 
^ o/j« lai ^^(7»^ ; story 
ahove story, i.e., one bit 
of good luck after another, 
^^_j^^ lau sheung lau; 
as the story goes, Hjj 6/r 
^ chhc' shoh *chuen^; 
this house has four stories, 

ni kaan uuk yau sze^ ts'ang 
lau ; the story goes, ^ g^ 
yan wa. 

Story-teller, p-S'lt:2A 
^o/j^ koo tsai ke^ yan. 



Stout, ^ ^;t tseng-chong , 

(fat) giii ^5|t fi-^Ao"^,' [JE 

;/^ fi taai , (strongly built) 
^ [^ A//? Z-'^o ; a stout 

ship, P m P|S jKf ^'^ 
koo ke shuen. 

Stoutly, ^ [g| kin koo ^ 

^ kaau kwtuin ; to cry out 

stoutly, "^^^ taai liaaii?. 

Stove, j^)^ >A-lo, ^ -g 

kuuk-io, ;^ ^ 4^ ;^ ig 

kuuk shik mat ki'^ lo ; a 
hand stove, ^ >^ shau 
lo. 

Stowage, ^ ■^ /'s'o??<7 wai'. 

Stow away, ^ j^ chong- 
maai ; stow away in one 
place, ^^^—.^ hoh 
maai yat ch^iie . 

Straddle, Y P^j^P nga' hoi- 
keuk\ ll ^ jLL /^''i' ^6iik^ 

^^^v^ fM ^ ^ ^'^^^ p^' 

hang, ^^W^^maal^ 

hoi kme\'\;^^^'^^fi 

maak koi keiik^ hang. 

Straggle, ^ ^ hang-^aart;2, 

g yau tong , gy ^ 



STR 



480 



STR 



1^^ sze' chhie^ yau hang, 
^^ ^y saan hang. 

Straggler, ^^^ yau tong' 
che. 

Straight, fj chek, ^ tim^ 
straight as an arrow, it^ 
^^^ tim iMt lat ; rose 
straight up, — . ^ h 
^^ yat put sheung hue ; 
straight as a dart, 4^ T^ 
^chi chek ; put the hehn 
straight, j^ilJ^ %h tim'; 



straight as a pencil, ^^ 

a straight road, ^j^ ^ 
tim^ lo ; a straight line, ^j^ 
^^ tim^ ?,in ; not straight, 
}IS^ 'in tim^ he quarrels 
till he has things straight, 
i.e.^ till he gets his own 

fr^ k'ue aau id' tim wai 
*chi ; to put straight, 1^ 
jff hom^ ^ho, or :gjj ][£ 
Aom' f/ien// ; straight up, 

|^J[^ chek sheung ; go 
straight ahead, — • |^ =^ 
yat chek hue^, or, BS ^ 



(lit., follow your nose !)•. 
Straighten, ^ [^ tso'-chek, 

^ t^ e/i?n^-tim^ '(^ 

shall ; straighten it out, 

^ /?^^^' tim'. 
Straightforth, TJ[ chek. 
Straightforward, ^if^ J^ tuen 

clwiff', ^I'yjl -j^ tuen fong, 

^e/z/ ts'eng, '^^ ^ cheng^ 
2J'aai\ j|j] [^ ^ ^fi?<n/ 
chek /«<e ; in a straight- 
forward manner, j^ T^ 
cheng^ chek, j^ Q chek 
paak ; n straightforward 
disposition, >[^ f]| Jg 



seng ts'eng t^aan 
chek ; a straightforward 
minister, IE jt ::^ E 
chemf chek taai shan ; 
straightforward dealings, 

hang wai. 
Straightway, ^j] 0^ fe^'/r-shi, 
^TE tsau'-c/ien//, j^: ^J 
laap hale, 1\^\^ tang shi ; 
he straightway got up, j^ 



STli 



481 



STll 



iW n.^ dl 4fe (i ^ f- 

k'uc fni/c shi yau tsoh^ 
wal' Iti shan. 
Strain, ^ ^ Icaak -cha, 
(tighten) ^^ nati- lean; 
strain every nerve to do 
good, l^i^jff^ ^110 lik 
haufi[ shin ; not yet strained 
clear, Pg -f" Pg f$ 'm 
ts'ang kaak^ tseng'; to 
strain wine, ^ j^Q shai 
tsau ; melodious strain, 

^ i§ -Si ffi ^^'«li iiaai 
ctd shenr/. 

Sti-aioer, ^ ^ loh- tau, 
(wine-) ^jJH tsau-"%\i^; 
no strainers to bale with, 
i.e., nothinc: to help myself 
<wi ' 
laau chaau^ 

Strait, 3g^ pilcchaaJc', '^ 
^^ tsHn-chaak^ , Kjg^ «/:, 
(a) 1^ haap, l^jg ku\ 

Im^loeng, 'i$f^ Aw moon; 
to "be in straits (Confncius 
atarved in Ch^in), Z^ ^ 
^^ j^ tsoi^ di'aa t&uet 



:^ 



ritk, ti^^/K '"^o li 



lenng ; reduced to great 
strait., g S ^- E pin^ 
wai /(;o kUn(ii\ g^ ;(j2j 
k^tvim^ kek. 

Strait-jacket, ^ j^ f^ 
""/-rtw sA/m shcii,))!. 

Stramonium. |^^^^ na.au - 
yeung-A^ ^ ;^ 5^ tuuk 
huen ^ts^o. 

Strand, (beach) \^ jg hoh 

/?oi 7?m, (to drift ashore) 
^ <a 7»/? %Hn, Pij ij,> 
Ao«^^ s/w; the ship stranded 
on the rocks, j^f]^5SR 
^^ shuen ^w ^^^^^ lor^g^ 
chue . 
Strange, ■^'{'^ k'i-lcwaai , 
(not at home) ^ ^U 
shaang -*ngo? ; disappointed 
by strange calamities, ^t 
^ ^\ Jt^ ts^aam tso 
■\vaaug Avoh^; a strange 

^l^i /i»^ sik» 
Strange-looking, Hggflg^ i' 
maau^ U. 



STR 



482 



STR 



Strangely, ^ H k'i i\ ^ 
)fj k'i Jaraai\ [IJ ^ 0^ 
ch'-uut k'i ti. 

Stranger ^ ^ san-haah , 

i|r j^ sAaa;?//-*min , or 

strangers forbidden to enter, 

^ i'^ M ^""'"^ 'laang 
Tceulc'; I am a total stranger 
to everybodv in Hongkong, 

^ Hcung Kong yan mat 
ngoh 7i:rrfli |?«f sliuuk sAi,^. 
Strangle, ^^ ai-'sze, fjfj 
^ lak- S2e,(with the hand) 
i§^ clia-^sze, ^ ^ ai' 
*'/cen^; to order a man to 
strangle himself, (lit. give 
a man the red sash), ^ 

ft B ^^'^^^ huung lob ; 
he strangled himself, "f^ 

S ^ ^ ^'"^ *^^^® ^^ 
Sse; 1 tried to strangle 

^im, ^ ffi tl ^ tH 

ngoh ^seung lak S2e k'lie ; 

condemn to be strangled, 

mun'' kaau ; to 



strangle a criminal, jI^:^^. 
Jcaaic faan'. 

Strangles, ,^gg"FS '™* 

soi ha cheng . 
Strangulation, ^ ^ lak 




StM 



szw 



/t 



Strangury, yj 
pinMt^'t»m/./J 

pin' t'uung^, ^'|f^ ''""./^ ^'^"^ 

Strap, (a) ^ i^ p'i-*W; 

strap the helm, (^ ^ 

ngaap^ t'aai ; to strap up, 

Strata, ^P)^ ts'ang Icaak^. 

Stratagem, ^ ^L mau-leuk, 
'^^fongl^wk, ^^k'i 
raau ; full of stratagems, ^^ 
'gj' M lent'; fertile in 
stratagems, ^^^ g-|* "Q" Hj 
^?m' A;rtt paali' chhiut. 

Strategic, i ^ Mp ^ 

Strategical, / :=> "^S fJ^ 
toh chi mau U. 

Strategist, ^^ mau sze', 
W^]^ kwun sze, 
^ mau fo leuk VAe. 

Strategy, f| § ^'o leuk ; 
magic strategy, (lit., throw 



STR 



483 



STR 



beans ^^■hicll turn into 
soldiers), ^^^J^^ 
saat tau^ sheng 2)eng. 

Stratification, ^ ^ sheng 
ts'an<r. 

Stratified, M llj^ ^^'^^^ ^'' 
^^/^ yau ts'ang. 

Stratiform, ^ ^ ts'ang 
yeng. 

Stratify, )j^^ sheng ts'ang. 

Stratocracy, W j^ Jctvwi 
ckeng . 

Stratography, ^ |^ Jcwun 
luun.^ 

Stratum, ^ ts'ang. 

Straw, ;^f|^ woh- Jco, '^ 
^ woli-7i;o7i« ; effigies 
made of straw, ^^ /*"o/i^i 
yan ; a straw broom, ^f»^ 
so ''Jcohn ; not worth a 

straw, ^^f^M ^° ™^ 
chmmg yuung . 

Straw-built, Jr^JJllJJ ^^^^"^ 

cJmi tl. 
Straw-cutter, ytlj^^ngaai' 

Icohn to. 
Straw-hat, l^ fjig ^s'o-''''mo . 
Strawberry, ^'^^ she-mooi. 



Stray, tllSi liang-Ww, ^ 
^ liangY.sW/', (from the 
flock) f|^Ptli-/^^»-^'^tui\ 
"^^^ mongk'wun, -^^f 
6'A«/ k'wun, JJ^ ^ yau 
tong\ ^ ^ touir^ shat; 
a stray sheep, "(^^ mong 
yeung, ;^JS^ .s/i«iJ lo* 
yeung. 

Streaks, ^^^f$i '^foo-^man- 
*mun ; irregularly streaked, 
^ gjr tsaap mun ; the 
streaks on a stone, ^^ 
shek mun ; a streak of 
liglit, $^^ ^ she' Icu'ong; 
one streak, — j^ ^^ yat 
t'iu mun ; to streak, ^J^ 
■j^fSC f-'heng sheng 2^aan 
mun. 

Stream, fj^ y^^ lau- shuzy 
(small) j^ 'j^ Jc^ai-Jcaati , 
^^t'iu- shui; to cross a 
stream, ^ — • ^ ^«'o7i 
jTfl^ «:'«/; to fish in streams, 

5^^iS ^'^^^ ^'^ ^'^'^'' to go 
down with the stream, ]jj^ 

^ rfn~T^ shuun' lau i ha ; 
to stream out, -f^ ^ skan 



STR 



484 



STR 



cb'eung ; the Province of the 
Four Streams, i.e., Sze-chuen, 
Py ill ^■^^^ rli'iien ; a stream 
ofwords, ^^P»^;;fCinue 
lau shui ; the tears streamed 
down his face, ^'^^J 
|5] lui' hiu to^ miii^; eyes 
streaming with tears, ^^ 
^ )^MWi '"gaanc/iWMH^ 
lau moon lui''; the streams 
flow and never pause, j(j 
^yj^ J^^ rh'uen hnpat&ik. 

Streamer, '^^ ]i'i-tmi^. 

Streamlet, /\^j^ sia tat, /J^ 
Mj siu chHmi. 

Street, ^^j Icaai, (a) >^ f^j 
t'iu-/rfl'fli ; a straight street, 
liffi? chek A'af/ji; a cross 
street, i^fij waang toa ; an 
ornamented and illuminated 
street, :J£ ^J /« A;aff* ; to 
patrol the streets, ^ ^j 
ch'a A;aOT; a street gate, :^ 
HS ^««i' chaap ; a street of 
brothels, :?£^#P^> 
kaai lau kong ; stroU about 
tlie streets, ^ ^ hang 



/cfw/; street gossip, ^^r^,^ 
^^ V^r/fr/ lai /-a/?^ ; a street 

girl, 5Sl#fF "^ ^""' '^^■^'^"' 
the streets are choked, ^^ 

to ; the cry of the hlinji 
beggar in the street : Young,, 
old, and rich, take pity oo 
me ! I beg rice ; 1 am poor ; 
Give ; Oh ! ye kind hearted 1 

?J W^f - 
% K^^ 5f > , 

naai iiaai «, Paai f-aai a, 
faat ts'oi a, ^hoh lin a, hat 
m&i a, tsin^ yeng a, sM she 
a, shin' sum a. (The beggar 
kneels and advances by 
alternately lifting either 
knee. He has a stick 
in his left hand to help 
him along; in his right 
hand is a small basket 



SIR 



485 



STli 



which he holds out for 
offerings. A scroll hangs 
over his sliou'dcrs telling 
the cause of his blindness.) 
Strength, ^ lik ; herculean 
strength, ^-^J nv\nn lik; 
gigantic strength, |f [[\ 
;^ ^J i/t'-tiuk sluKui c/ii 
hk ; to put forth one's 
strength, [jjj/j cJi'iiuf lik, 
ffi^ yniuig" lik ; strength 
of mind, t^j, 'fy sum hk, 
to labour witii one's mind 
and strenght, ^^ ;\^n ^ 
^ lo s{()n lo lik; the 
strength of ^vine, yj^ 
^ tmu lik ; a trial , 
of strength, ^J ^ lik 
chaanrj ; how much (in tens 
of catties) is the strength 
of this bow?g^J[n^^ 
_^jfj ni ^pa izHiuuj "^jau 
Va toll lik ; great strength, 
:A:;/J taai' lik; of little 
strength, j/j A^ lik '.s/;/,< ; 
the strength of public 
opinion, IP? f;:2^f;/j 
32 



chxnmif i^ ke^ k'uen hk '* 
bodily strength, ^Jj.->/imi 
Jik ; on the strength of, ^ 
HS oh».^ r/u'u, [^ //((n, 

Strengthen, '^^ :j^|^ Av^-^ y/o, 

lik ; to strengthen the mind, 
i\j» ^j>o sti/)i ; to streng- 



v> 



then the body, ^j|]J^ ^y^o 

^'^^^'"; fflj S^ tfll > ^^' 
huet , to su'eagtiieti a city, 

y^ ^g1 ^ f /«<«</; j/aau^y 
t'oi. 
Strengthening, f<f J[j[D^^ 
/«<^^' ^/, MJ/jn^ > lik 
//; Strengthening pills. 

Strenuous, ^ Wl yan-\^2iX\, 
^fl 'no hlC^^ k'aii 
lik ; strenuous opposition, 
;^ ;fg lik 'kuv. 

Strenuously ^ "/j min lik. 

Stress, ^ chuung\ ^"J^ 
chuung'-cA'//^', (on) ^^ 
chuung^-tsoi ; lay stress 

upon, M ^^ :fj M 

ka toh shai' lik ue. 



STR 



486 



STR 



Stretch, J^ ^ mang - 
ch'cuiig:, (out) ^tjj shan, (as 
clotlies)^^ p^ chamiff-hoi; 
to stretch tight, ^ ^ 
mang" Jean ; to stretch out 
an awning, |^|^ ^j7 t|lg 
maang po^ clieung ; opened 
by a stretcher, ^^ ^ 
ch^aavg chup ; to stretch and 
yawn,-jl[T f|^^s/'«'i '^Ir/an ; to 
stretch out the hand, -f^!? |^ 
•^ shan chik ^^hnu ; 
stretched out dead, -ji|f j^ 
^ s/i«n chik A;e2//i'; stretch- 
ed himself to that degree, 

Jcoh ti foo/i ; to stretch the 

neck, ^fjj ;g f^ |rj s/^rtn 
ch'eungt'iu Ae//^; to stretch ! 
out a helping hand to -jfjj 

li{ ^- 5l5 flft ^^^^''' '^^'^"' 

ch'-uut lai choh ; to stretch 
forward, ^#fn] ^J't'eng 
slimi heuiig ts'in. 
Strew, IfJ saat , g 



5if//» 



to strew about, ^^ f^acU^ 
hoi; "{^ p^ sarm^ Ac/. 



Strict, jf^^ \m-''kan ; a strict 
teacher, J^ ^^ im ssf; 
very strict, I^ j^ shum* 
im ; a strict father and an 
indulgent mother, j^ ^ 
^ -{H: im foo^ t'sze "^mo. 

Strictly, ^ im, /^ V/:ay? ; 
strictly prohibit, ^fe^ Mii; im 
Z'70?i ; strictly to seize, J^ 
^^ im na ; strictly speaking, 
it ought to be done thus, 

* IS 1^ Pli fc^ >'^ 

yeng \va? ''/com tso\ 
Stricture, /J> j^ ^|^[j ^ 6*m 

ch'eung s/iaan hl\ (critical 

remark) |^| pp] pin ts'ze. 
Stride, V j||p iiga -Jceu/c , 

(long) -^ ^ tiiai'-po ; to 

stride off, J|j ^ ^-^'"^ Po'- 

Strident, ^' ^ A:«r/2< kiman; 

a strident laugli, ;;;;^^^ — • 

^ taai *»// //«^ s/<p;?^. 

Strife, ;jj;|^ ^ .sfi/»// chaang, 

1^ rhaang taii^ ; strife of 
words, -^ p ^ cliaang 



hau hi ; tired of strife, 
^ chaang kau ; 



STR 



487 



STR 



fraternal strife, -^ ^ 
^shdu isuuk sriniff 



ts'iiaii ; to stir up strife, ^ 



yaii\ 



y^ naau 



muuk 



«trigil, >^ y§ 
ynnk sJi(/n(\ 

■Strike,:^ ff,'^ t inn, (itoTp) 
^ pa , (a niatcl)) ^ waak ; 
strike first, up., lie hof ore- 
hand, ~J\ ^ -^ ha tuuk 
^s/?(7?^• strike an average, 

fit ^ P 'f^'" ^"*^''''' ^i^^<i 
to strike for wages, ^ _2n 
pa Inning ; strike off a proof, 

■^ Ti^ ^^''' ^'^ 5 to strike 
sail, "JT ijjg ha' 'li ; to 
^strike the gong, P,^ ^^ 
nieng loh ; to strike the 
liands together, ;|^ -^ 
p^aak^ ^}!j/aii ; to strike a 
hnrgiiin, ^fij^ Snaaishcug, 

to strike off, i.e., print, ^H 
^r/n^- to strike a h'ght, :^y 
yC ^^'' •'^'^''''' *•" strike a 
inatcli, =5 j/C 7f§ '^'-^ y^^^ 
sluii ; the clock strikes four. 



y^ff\n\^Mr/nmnr/'ta.s2e' 

tim ; to strike root, B^ %^ 
hoi /can, ^ J^^ fitat lean ; 
to strike with fear, ^^ |^ 
hiiung haak : to strike np 
music, ^-^ 1^ fsok'^ ngok; 
to strike out, ^ :^ t*o 
W0(>^ ; to strike wliile the 
iron is hot, ij^y ^ ^ ^fe 
/« ^'//^ cJt^^ait' it ; to go out 
on strike, -j^ JJ^ t'eng 
kuung ; the vessel struck oa 
rocks, {^ J^ ^ shuen 
///;i shek. 

Striker (used hy millers), ^[j 
.1^-* kicaaf iau. 

Striking, -4- ^ shap //m ; a 
striking likene.??, i^ :^"Q^ 
f/<«/j sennif. 

String, (a) (^JU t'iu-*sheng, 
•^*taai^, (astriiigof)— ^ 
yat-rh'ufin\ (1,000 cash) 

kGon^-r]ti(('n\ ^ ;^ 
(•A'?<^/t -maai ; to l)reak a 
stiing of cash, ^ f^ ^ 
to sff«« ts'in ; a string of 
hre crackers, ^^^'Y^ ^''(Ki^ii^ 



STR 



488 



STR 



chuulc, p^ jl^ ckHieiv' 
p'^aau ; roll paper strings, 

ti M, # ^'^'^^^ '^^*' t'i" ; 
grass string (commonly 

used for parcels), |)^;7jCJ^ 

haam sliui t>i^o; a tliree- 

stringed gnitar, ^J^ saam 

in ; the string is broken, i.e., 

rny wife is dead, ^ ^^ 

t'uen in ; to have two 

strings to one's bow, ^-f^ 

'kung !/iJc, ^^-yj^.[^ 

leung jeung^ fong faat' ; 

to string a violin, _[l ^ 

j|£ /ll: ^sheung saam in 

5in ; a string of pearls or 

beads, — > ^ ^ yf/? 

cW'uen^ chiio ; to string 

together, ^ J^ fA'«£';i' 

maai. 

Stringent, j|J |^ llg^ im 
/r«« ti. 

Stringy, ^ ^fgllfi^ M lean ti. 

Strip, (a) — . -(^ yft^t-in, 

(to) ^ /v/r>^', ^laet,|J 

chin ; to strip olf , ^ ^ 

c7^^7l Va'; to strip bare, ;|^lj 

^^ -^ ??2o/i;' tseng kicong; 



a strip of clotli, — •'ji^' 
7/«/ t'in pff' ; a strip of ter- 
ritory, — (^ :^ ^^ i-fe 
.y*"// t'iu ch'eung chaak^ ti ; 
to strip off the husk, -^^^ 
//?<e liok ; to strip off the 
bark of trees, :J|] gj jj_ 
7»o7£' shue' p'i. 

Stripe ^f^ j?rtr«?-*mun ;|^p 

^^j3^ lau-t'in*mun;striped 

satin, JiP^yJ^. j§| slmnn^ sAwi 

ue; striped cloth, MOff; 

lau t'iu po*. 

Stripling, -4/*^ s/ww'nin, 
^ sheng t'uung, :^ -g 
yau^ t'uang j(Jj^ j^ nuen 
^tsai. 

Strive, ^- cluunnj, ^^ ^^ 
sewig-chaang, (endeavour) 
Hj "^ rh'uut-Wk ; strive 
after fame and wealth, ^ 
^tBI] t'omengli'; to strive 
after ofifice, [( V}^ Hi jf' 
t'o lioli dt'uut slum; to 
strive for mastery, ^- ^^ 
chaang shenf/; to strive 
after, J^ J^ k'au ts'ue ; 
to strive against, ^' ^. 



8TR 



489 



STR 



]^ ;fg 'fun lik 'i 'k'ue. 
Stroke, (line) ^^ waak, (a 
blow) j^J — . fr|\ fa-yat- 

ha, (rub) |^ lip ; stroke 
of hick at first, ^^l ifi 
"Slf ilS fckUim t'im t'au; 
apoplectic stroke, f^ J^ 
chmmfi fining ; sun stroke 
Hi ^^ chiamg^ ^slnie ; one 
stroke to the left and one 
to the right, —tjU — ^^ 
yat iH^ yat naat ; How 
many strokes has it ? 7^ 

^ ^ m PJ^ 'y^" '^'^^" 

/o/i waak ??/ ; write with a 
heavier stroke, 5^ ^ 006 

^ % P;!i>J lol^ 'ch'uung fi 
2mt se la ; stroke the beard, 



n i h uf? kiraalc ha ; I 



•^^ M 



Jiief so 



• 11 






lip so. 
Stroll, 1^ h^waany , liu'; to 
stroll about sight-seeing, 
^^ jfE van kwaang'; to 
stroll about, ^ ^ A»e' 



kwaang ; to take a stroll, 
^ — ■ sfi kwaang^ ?/«< 
kwaang''; let us take a stroll, 
m/t^^ 'i% ^^ t'uung 



am going for a stroll, ^ 

^au sha ha. 

Strong, ^ ^j ^yau-lik, *^yau- 
]\k-Icc\ ^£^r/wnff'-\dn\ 
r|r 1^1 ''(■hue-koo , (us to- 
bacco) ^^" k'-(nu/j (as tea, 
&c.) Y^ uuung, yuung, J^ 
^^ /«o«/7 k'eung; strong and 
weak, -y^ ^j^ nuung taam ; 
strong tea, ^^ "^ nuung 
ch'a : strongly spiced, ^ 
^iM ^^^ ^'<'''"// nuung; a 
strong wind, J^jlH^ 'maang 
fimng. 

Stronghold, ^Q *^ jfaau 
t'oi, ^ sheng. 

Strongly, J£ ^|l/maang lit; 
to strongly recommend, y^ 
^ lik tsin . 

Strop, (to) P# T^ll /^oA^'li'; a 
strop, pg 7J it /^o////flp'i. 

Strophe, ^ fl «/«/ keuk\ 
Strophic ^ jfj] RJ^ sM 

keuh ti. 
Structure, ^ ^^ kin tso', 

S «n/;, JJxV •§! c/i/ '^'rt*. 



STR 



490 



STU 



Struggle, tr ;^^ att tr '''«- 

^mo-Jcoin^- fa, -^ fjcf? 'min- 

k'enng, "^^ ^foo-chaang, 

"fj ^ lik clnuunj ; struggle 

to get ahead, ^;5ti ''^""^'^^9 
sm, ^^ jiii]* rhcKouj ts'in. 

Strumpet, ^^^^ rh'ci/Hfj ^^oo, 
■^ ^^ ki^ ^foo; to lead 
the life of a strum jiet, ^* 
^R /c>/?// rh'nm//. 

Strut, -^ gfj ^ ngok-t'au- 
hang ; a strutting fellow 
(lit. a bundle of strew), ij^^ 
71^ 'jftani^ ''tun ; an affected 
Btrut, ^ ^ /w/ i. 

Strychnine, J^ "m^ ^ma-ts'in. 

Stub (to), [^ ;|g ch'ue /^n. 

Stubble, ^ J^ gg wob 
'/fco/wi t'au. 

Stubborn, ?|^ ^ ngaang - 
'^^^ff'>_^^ ® 'pacm-^Icenff, 

»|§ moy;>(y/, 'f^^ ^ng yik. 

Stucco, ^ ♦M" shek-/w. 

Stud, (a button) ^jj; ^ «2<j?- 

««2^'^^U^ sheung-nujJ- 

*'nau,(o( horses, for breeding 

purposes), — • S M mt 



k'wan ma ; studded with 
diamonds, @ ^ ImIi] 5 
seung hum kong shek. 
Student, ^^ hok sharing 
^^ hok \/;., f§^ ue 
^■Ar' ; fellow studen*'.s, [i|J ^ 
t'uung r/Mmg, 'g" ;^ 
cli'-cung S;in ; a ])oor student, 
^ W l'<^'liii cW-eung ; a 
retired student, B^' -|- 

1 4 Lid* — *.- • 

^//^//i sz ; a student (lit, a 
study table, i.e., a 'book- 
worm'), ^^ J\^ mun liiy. 
^ ^ t'uung shaang, "J^T 
~\-' mun sze , 
Stud-horse, ^^^E^ rW-uuk ma. 

St^u^iC' ® m ^ ^ '«^ 
waak /ie fong. 

Studious, ^ ^. '■k'an hok,, 

^J ^ ho' hok. 
Studiously, ^'[^ ^'mu shun', 

Bp ;\^'» c/iwm mm, ^ ^ 

Study (to), ^ ^' tsaap-hok, 
^ ^ tuuk-s/«/?, (a) ^ 
^- ^^ tuuk-sAnf-*fong ; 
rules of study, f^^^/f^^^^ 
ch'eng ; give up study and 



ST (J 



491 



STU 



go into business, ^M^^$ 
mek lok .f/tur ; the student 
talks of books, the butclicr 
of swine, ^ ~^ p,^^ 
M ^ t^ ^§ '^'^'"^ ts'oi 
t'aani sliur, t'o oo^ t'aam 
chue ; study is the highest 
pursuit a man can follow. 



J c 



niaan shuen 

c 
pun will yau 



Icaai iia pun win 
tuuk sliup ko ; the study of 
astronomv, j§ ;^ .svnr/ hok : 
profound study, !^ilj/^ 
^ miu^ r/// hok ; to 
study deeply, "^ ^1^^ shum 
sze. 
StufT (material), ^^^^ ts'oi- 
liu , (useless) |^i^ fid - 
mat, (nonsense) |i fg 
ngaam'-wa , (to) ^ ^ 
*«/:-8hat ; silk stuffs, ^^ 

^ 1^ -f'H' *'*^ -^^'^^^ ^*'°^ 
liu^ woollen stuff, ;^ 

yuung ; food stuffs, -^ 

^ shik mat ; stuffed with 

cotton wool, y\ "J^ .^ 

^ yup moon yeung mo; 



stuffed full, '^ ^ rA'j^/M^ 
shat ; stuffed their mouths 
withr«gs, ^U^^^flJllfJ 
^|U yi'i'ug laai/ 7w\saA; 
shat k'i ^iinu ; to stuff fish, 
jl^ "fj^ yeung^ ue ; don't 
talk such stuff here, |W^ 

shue^ faat ngaam^ wa'; to 
stuff a fowl with sand, :J^ 
j^^^fe chaang' &ha kai\ 
a cucumber stuffed with 
mincemeat, g| ^ J3X 
yeung^ wong Ictca; stuff it 

full, :|%'/p*i5 "•'5'^'^ Siioon ; 
stuff it well in, }^ ^ 
??(7fl^ shat. 

SLuffing, TVM^iaf yup-ts'oi- 
liu\ 

Stultify, ^ ■^ mai waak, 
^^^ \hm ngoi, ^gi^ 
y^ ue luung yan. 

Stumble, i^ ^ Hljl t'elz' 
cheuk-/re?</c\ -^ ]j7|] s/m^ 
hml:'^ A^ \-^ shat tsuuk, 
(fall) ^ -jli] /tY'-'/o ; he 
stumbled and fell, f^-^ 
/£Sfe~F ^k'ue shat tsuuk 



ST [J 



49: 



STU 



tit' ha^; [ stnmhlc'l over 

tit lok k'ue sliue ; nearly 
stumbled, i.e., ^itliin an 
ace of stniiil)lin<:, ^ j]^»J 



cliaang 1i tit^ lok. 
Stumbling l)lock, '^^^ chat- 



tA 



ngoi', flf^" ngoi'-shek. 
Stump, (a) ^^^ kwnt-t'au ; 
a tree stump, jj^j^ sbue 
t'au : stump of a cigar, ^ 

tI^ 'M Sn ''"'^ """'""J '" 
t'au. 

Stump-speecli, ^ ;2 §| f^ 

S4i< /^f' 1 Inun . 
Stumpy, — '^fi^ ycf ^^luk 

shup.. 
Stun, ^^ rhan -irmu ^ 

^ /...^-n.ai ; S ;^ 4 

a;i?;?y7 s//«/ wan. 
Stunt, (to) [^]| /{^^ V^o// 

shaang. 
Stunted; jgi ^^ wut-Hum ; 

stunted trees, ^ ;^^ 
fc/ ahue ; a stunted l^reed 
of horses, — ' fiS ^ ^ 

^^^ yat^ chming tsim ^ai 

ke^ *'ma. 



Stupefaction, |9l-^J7^ '^shai 
fun mai, -^j^j^ ^^ .A''* 
mai h' sze\ ^J7Ji;Sj\l^ 
///;/ mai kfj^ s}im. 

Stupefied, -^ s^ .s/zr/^wan, 
'^izil-'^""'"^^^ ; stupefying 
drugs, j^^4 ™^^ y^"^^ ; 

stupefitd witli wine, y^^^ 
t^iiu wnn : to stupefy with 

Jt!^ yuung' yeuk ts'oi cheng 
yan ////?- mai. 
Stupendous, ^^'j'^ kek taai , 
l:-lSli06<J shum' k'i i* 
^'' ^'^ "^ ix, fi sheung 
taai^; stupendous moun- 
tains, g ^C ^ S ^^ek 
taai' Z:^' ^leng, ig" ^ 



tsuuri^ leng. 



Stupid, s^ ?^ ue- ch'-uun, 

:^^ pun'-ngoi, (boy) ^ 

ff pun^/5^/, Jl § P^ 

/?/;«' shau' kp\ ;ff pT} gg 

mo t'au no^ ^iW, i|^ ue 



hh 



mooi , ^;^ ue pun 
-5c ch'-uun ngoi, ^ 



'^ ch'-uun tuun\ ^ ^^ zzi 
^$ Sno Vsfr/^ 6'rt!<7m /«;? 



STU 



193 



STU 



fsar\ i[^ fji\ sNuf chuet\ 

^"""o' 37- S ^^* •^"^'*' 

p'oon ^7///e; naturally vei'j 

stupid, ^fe^f ftjfit -^/^^^''y 
A//^ V/« liiiiu^ stupid 
when he receives, but 
sharp enou^di when he pays 
out money, ||^- ^ (Ig H'p 
[jj ngau' yup 'in ugau^ 
ch^uut ; Why are you so 
stupid ? -ll RSI g mat 
horn sak ; as stupid as a 
uorni, — ftigpjj-^ Z/'^^/ 
t'iu ch'uuug kuin^ pan ; 
stupid looking, ^^^^ foot' 
chai': as stupid as a jjig; 
^^^y^^ rA?/ip /rowi 71goi ; 
stupid and hulking, ^^^ 
PtI' ^ ^^^"° leung /lOw'' 
t'au ; don't be so stupid, i^ 
n]^ ^ '^"" *^lin. c/ri/e^; 
How stupid ! pIJ- -;^ /row' 
ngoi ; very stupid, W ^ 
^•0(^ V/o /w// sliau' kc; 
always the same, /.e., so 
stupid, Mp: i^ D^ 'lue 



1 



lue hai' y^ow ; the players 

are stupid, on-lookers see the 

game best, ^'IJ W} ^ '^ 

ioiuj kuuk vlip mai. 

Stujiidity, -^ ^ maau w/;, 

::^^ ijx ".-oi P»» ; sham 
stupidity, ^;^^ dm ngoi ; 
downright stupidity, ig.TT'i 
^^ chnn cheiig^ ngoi ; I am 
mortified at my stupidity, 

mo ts'oi. 
iStnpidly, ^f[?i^ ue chuun. 
Stupor, -g->^,/«/t 'yo(?/, ^ig^ 

^ ue muung. 
Stuprate, ^^'/'^ k'eung yum, 

^i[i^ k'eung kaan. 
Sturdy, -hr "f| taai'-lik ; a 

sturdy beggar, -h^ -^ ^ 
^ taai' 'V/rV; liaf i ; a 

sturdy fellow, pi£|;2: A 
cliong^ kin /ce yan. 

Sturgeon, ^li Vjf '@ ts'um 
luung-'"'ue, SSl "•'j 
^,i ^ ts'um wong ue ; 
sturgeons and whales, i.e., 
unscrupulous men, ^ ^^ 






chill k'er.g. 



STY 



494 



STY 



Stutter. P g^ip^ 'liaummt 
nuut ; f^f^^0|j shuet 



wa 'm meiig. 



Stuttering, pg p kat-Vtaw, 

^^ P lai^-'^hau. 
Sty, ^ffl chue-laan ; pig sty, 

^^1 rAi.. lunk, 1^ n 

chue taii'. 
Style, ^ mnn, ^^ mun- 

"7eung\ (address) ^fjf 
chHng-foo, ^ ^ >o/2 
s7it^ ; he dresses in a 
fashionable Btylejfg^ll^ 
^ftfflx 'l^'«e cheuk shi 
Vi?(?» i t'uuk ; court style, 

©Hi ^i^'i" i I^Wl ci^'^u 

lai^; a new style, ^^ 
san shik ; the classical style, 
■^^ mun li ; the ancient 
style, i.e., old forms of 
characters, "j^ ^ koo 
mun ; perfect style, ^^tlH 
PiS w«/ Aa //»? ; Liu's 
new style of writing, ^p 

^^ ^T '^ ^^^^ '^^' ^^"^ 
yeung ; iu what style shall 

it be done? ^^1^^% 



•^ tso mat ^ye yeung 
tsze ; a pedantic style, K> 
^ p^ _jp ngaau mun 
tseuk tsze^; the five ancient 
styles of feudal rank, j^ 
"^ n^tspuk , viz., Duke, ,^ 
Icuun/j, Marquis ^^ hau, 
Earl fQ 2)aak^, Viscount 
-^ /s2?, Baron S naam •,; 
That's the style, pU'gJifffi 
^[Ig. horn' tso^ piu' 't'oh 
loh\^^^\'ohlok'; unde 
the style (/.<?., business 
name) of Xaam Heng 

Luung, m^^B^Z 
^^ yuung Naam Heng 
Luung ke^ tsze ho'; one 
styles one's own father Ka- 

tsze ch^eng \v\ foo' uet ka 
foo ; in this (miserable) style, 
^^-f- ^^'Om yeung' ^tsze; 
in this style, so, [^ ^ 
V;o»? '''geinuf. 

Stylish, ;^-t5riS'iI '^'^ V"''- 
maau\ B$^ shi ^0011, G^ 
J&. shi lieng (in sense of 



SUB 



496 



SUB 



cultured, polished), jt|[ a^ 
szp niun, "^'^/^ niun n<;a. ^ 

Suavity, ig^ /ra/j-yau, fjj; 
J\!>U6^ net 6«w //, 5pn^ 
woh p'ong ; suavity of 
temper, j^^^jjlil^ van 
woh p'i /a\ 

Sub, "TC ha , "TC ^ ha'- 
shuuk. 

Sub-afreut, W]^ ^^e Bze', 

Subaltern, |e^ ^ mo /roo». 
Subaguatic, subaipieous, ^ 

Subastral, g ~fT Og^ •^^"5' 
ha ti, 5^1^ '^W ^""^ ^^^^ ^' 

Sub-commissioner, ^!J^^ 

foo^ yum cW-aai. 
Sub-committee, ^J^^/«^ 

//«<//^ 8ze\ 
Subcutaneous, J^ ~J\ 0^^ p'i 

ha^ ti. 
Sub-deacon, ^ ^ gij^o' 

muuk sze. 
Sub-divide, ^ ifn X^ 

fun i yau^ fun, S ^ 

/soi^ /2<» ; each district is 



afi^ain subdivided into smaller 
divisions, ^gjS|ff^S 
/K^^ mooi (o tmi' fun 
wai '.siu ijcuk . 

Sub-division, /)>^ ^^^iu fun\ 

Subdue, H^j^ sltenii -funk, 
^ $|J /../. r/.^/^ ^ j]g 
hale funk, ^ 0^ p'eng 
fuuk, ■^ J^ <7/f//// fuuk, 
to subdue one's self, "^ 
p^ //«/; *^A'i ; to subdue 
people by virtue, Jli^fgJ^ 
A i tak fuuk van ; to 
subdue by force, ]^^^^ 
J^ ^i lik fuuk yan ; to 
subdue anger, Jjf^?^ '^^^^ 



3 

no . 



Subjection, ^ fuuk ; to 
reduce to subjection, ^^^ 
chenrj fuuk ; to be in 
subjection to, ^^^ fuuk 
ve. 

Subjective, g, Jci, §2,0^^ 
tsze Va ti ; subjective 



opinion, ^ ^r=r Vf/ t^; 
subjective truth, @J^@ 
"ja" tsze ^i wai chan. 



SUB 



496 



SUB 



Subject, ^ "JC shan-ka\ 
(people) ^ mun, (of 
discourse), pjj |^ '^shoh- 
luun', (of ;\n essay) ;^ 
-g* cheung- chi, ^ Q t'ai- 
muuk ; loyal subjects, ^ 
_^ Icung mnu : subject to 

headacbe, MMkM'M '' 
^im t'au tuwuf-^ broach the 
"subject to him first, ^ 

^S^SS '''' ''" t'ai 
/roA^ '*f'au : subject to 

government, § ^ |§ 

shau^ ^Z'(?o;? hat. 

Subjugate j ^>' ^■'-^ 

Subjoin, Jp^ /fa ^srt;2^, ^jp 
^ M^ /rrt tsoi^ Sni hau\ 

Sublet, 1^ [ij ^ tsoi^ ch'uut 
yum''. 

Sub-Lieutenant, Jg ^^g V 

^fsuung. 
Sublimate, ^ «??;;?^. 

Sublime, ^;f^ shuung-taal'' 
a sublime view, ^^ ^"^ 
kin ; a sublime thought, 



Sublunary, Ht^jin^'j shuuk 
ti^ fi\ -4^"|ihl]^'tj /'.""i sA«t^ 
^t, jit^Ufl^l ■'<f^rn JcaaP tL 

Submarine, ^f^T^^ tsoi' 
'Iwi %i ti, ^igE'/^^ 

shaang tsoi"" //o/ noi ; the 
submarine cable, V^f^^ 

submarine plants, \^ Jj^ 
_^ ''hoi '~tai '^fs^o ; a 
submarine vessel, j^Jj^^Q 
''hoi ^tni shuen. 
Submerge, *^*/^ i^n moot, 

JJt ffi TI^ fp /'"''/ *^soi' 

'"^■Ai// rhmmg. 
Submersible (/.^., a form of 

submarine boat). ^;5|fCj^ 

mi ^slnii shuen. 
Submission, |l[^ ^^ shuun 

funk : to tender submission, 

-Ix^ t'au hong; thorough 

and cordial submission, 'j^ 

'\li' tS ik ^''^'"'J *'^'"^ "^*^ 
fuuk. 

Submissive, ^^ ^ fnuk- 

shuuk ; a very submissive 

people, ^t/t;2K ^*'""^ 
ts'uun cA/ mun. 



SUB 



497 



SUB 



Submissively, jlp^^ shiuui 

ts'unng. 
Sul.u.it, JK fi.uk gj gg 

fiiiik, ]i\{^ icKt slum, ^V 
"^ koiiif ^shaic, all nations 
submitted, M a E flS 
niaan icicok^ shan fuuk ; to 
submit to you in every- 
thing-, ^^]\\i\iiiMi^, 
sze sze"* sbium^ ts'uung we 
''ni ; to submit cheerfully, 
>[^>)j^ -^um fuuk. 
Subordinate.^ J\ shuuk-ha"*, 
~f. hi\\ "ji^ ha^ ^tanff, 
•^ ^\''s/i(iu ha^;subordinate 



officeis, /^^^ sliuuk uen, 
\ g ha /won. 
Suboin, ^5^ ^mani-chuiiJr. 
Subpoena, ^A^ r//w^' 

ya,i p^hc\ ^J ^ ^ /o' 

Subrogate. 7^^^ toi' f'ai . 
Subscribe, -^^ -tfll /«'/;«■ t'ai. 



J?:^ 



D.i -:^ ^•'<'"« mcng; subscribe 
for, ^;^-^ ts'im t'ai ; to 
subscribe for a Buddhist 



mass, 



fa uen, 



'^ mo ./rt ; to subscribe 
money, ^m /. //^n ngan ; 
to subscribe gladly, ij^^f'^ 

lok '!l(CII. 

Subscription^ :^;2 ^'x//oA 
fs^ini Ice ngan; subscription 
list, ^^^1 's-zm tsze' 
/r/(7// ; open a subscription, 

/((?/ /'z/^u ngan leung. 

Subsequent, ^j^^D^^ hau' 
loi //; subsequent iiges, ^ 
■jih hau' shai\ ^.[-^ hau' 
toi'; in every snl sequent 

year, glttl^'^^^ 

tszc"* '^t.s'ze ^i liau^ Snooi 

nin ; a subsequent clan?e 

in a treaty, ^ ^^^1 :^ ^ 

tsoi^ hau^ A'rt yup /V [foon. 

Subsequently, ^^ ij^ tsoi^ 
hau'; he subsequently rose 
to be manager, ^^ ^ "j^ 

''k'ue .s/;?;/^ wai ^tsminf/ 
paan . 
Subserve, jit |g hnunj-yeiuj. 



SUB 



498 



SUB 



Subside, ^ k'eng, 2p 
p'ello•>^/^/^^ J^^ sik, f^:^ 
siu hue^ 'iWc^ '^Ji'cuim line ; 
the swelling subsides, )j^ 
:^'-^ clniung siu live ; the 
heat subsides, ^^:fe tH(i!' 
it. 

Subsidiary, |Jjfj (•hoh\ 
Subsidi/A 1^]>X^ choli' 'i 

ngaii, J^ Ji|J|]f/ maai foo' 

choh\ 
Subsidy. |jjj||j[; foo' choh' 

ffliflft^ ^'^x'' choh' ngau. 
Subsist, ^^ ''\Q\.mgsIir/a)i//; 

to subsist ou meat, Jt^^f^ 

-gg ^i yuuk wai leung ; 

to snl)sist on charity, ^U 

to^ yat. 
Subsistence, )jf^ P oo ^linu, 

to'' yat. 
Substance, 5Jf| clnd-'Nii, 
;}-yj-|^ ts'oi-hu', ^j?| mat; 
the chief substance, "/v'^a 



taai /y// : all substances, 
^i^^ n;iaan^ mat. 



Substantial, ^|g]llfi^ kin 
ho^ ti, ^W kin sliafc; 
add something substantial. 

Substantially, ^{li| A'" Jroo^^ 
iK^S taai^ y..//, ^^1B§ 
■t/ei/Ic^ Icuk 3/\^||^ taai^ 

Substantials, gPlg- ?w' leuk 
-^^^ taai^/\ 

Substantiate, ^i£ clteng, jj^ 
iCI^ laap shat kue' ; ^^ 
:^^ Z;'fl^-^ kue'. 

Substitute, (a) j^ jjjjf toi'- 
tso' ; a candidate's hired 
substitute at an examina- 
tion, ^-l^^l'^g' toi f-^'ctmff; 
a oriniinars substitute, 



'^VM^'^'^ ^ss^ '/iwai; will 
do it as a substitute ? ^C 

work as a substitute, ^C 

Substratum, itiiT^J^g^ 
-^■^li^hfi' kit shengts'ang 
ke^ uai, J>..ll^ ha ts'ang. 

Substructure, ^ /, /,^ /re? J;', 



SUB 



499 



sue 



•> t-r 



Subtctul, '^~\\ c/iP ha , JX. 

[fiuin, i^ yik, ^ funng. 

Sul>Urfivj:c, ^p tsik ^hau, 

Subterranean, Snbterraneons, 

i'tbT'DSJ tsoi' ti' ha' ti. 
Subtile, ^ 'j^ lenfr-oot, 
(subtle) 3:5 V/a^»<, :j^^' 
mi miu\ ^^ "^mun yui' ; 
a subtle charm, [(■/> i^^ 

7/////i foo. 
Subtract, *J^ Vraam, [^ ^ 
ch'ue /i;^e\ |i^ cli'ue ; 
subtract four from seven, 

i -t K^ K ^^"^ ^^'«^ 

ch'ue aze^. 
Subtraction, J^ ^ ^kaam- 



faaf, 1^.^ clrue ./?m^ 
1^^ ch'ue sho\ 
Suburbs, ^;^|* sheng-ngoi ; 
the patois of the western 
suburbs of Canton, jftj ^ 
(j^ sai Jcivaan ^iva. 

Subvert, i^|§] Z'7>/;^-V'>, ^J^ 
^J^ mit iit; to subvert a 
dynasty, !^J|/'- a'«^''-' ^teiuj. 



Succeed, (get on) ^ Q^ fnk- 
sheng, (follow) |g bn\ ^ 
i^ i^'P 'tso ; to succeed 
at an examination, 1(^% i^ 
tamj foil : to succeed in 
finding, ^.f|f ts'um falc; 
will not succeed, '^"^Z^l^ 
pit j)at sheng : to succeed 
to the dignity, |||] ^ fsik 
wai ; succeeding years, ^^ 



tsze' suP: 



_^ succeed to 

tlie throne, ^BJ ^ tsz3 

wai"*: has no sou to succeed, 

must succeed, jj^\ fj^ jn't 
sheng; to succeed late in 

^^'^^^N J^flx! '"'"^'•"11 sheng; 
succeeded at last, JL^^M 
'■maan wun'; sure to succeed, 

'if^ Ut. r& ^ P^t "an? 
sheng sze'; to succeed in a 

difficult operation, (lit. to 
split a knotty log), ^$"^ 
^il'^ /"'^'^'' ^<ai^i ch'aai any. 
Success, ^it^ sui' sum, ^|J 
^ \\ taat, |l|l^;fi|J shuuu^ 
li""; great success, "/r^^ 
taai' sheng kiiuntj, ~h:j^ 



sue 



500 



sue 



taai' \vok ; success in war, 

success, j^ ^ sheiig 
. /:2/nn// ; complete success, ^ 
^pf^ll^niop^nP Uxat; 
no success at all, ^f^TJ 
t'o faf' lik ; success in all 
things depends on prepara- 
tion, without it tliere is 
failure, f\^ ^ ff^ M JL 

/sr/A; kuip, j'cit m tmh 

fai . 
Successful. ^ 'hcim!/, ^ 
taat ; a successful candidate 
in the first, second or third 
portion of the list, \l J^ 

clmwifj ^tsUie ts'ze" ^ts'iir • 
successful at home and 

abroad, ttJ/^'fiHi^'^*'""^ 
yup ^hewig t-uuiu/; very 

successful, 3?C -^ m W. 
taai' "^yau shoh wok. 
Succession, ^ ^ li'^ '^''/^ ' 

succession, ^M IH. ''^ 



s/ifa"'; in succession, 



luuk tsuuk ; a constant 
succession of calamities,. 

iji m i^ Si ^''^ '''^'' 

sctaifj icaP: a succession of 
years, ^^ lik nin. 
Successive, p^0^ luuk-tsuuk, 

/s//t^ lik ; successive dynas- 
ties, ffi |)3 lil^ ch'iuj. 
successive generations, ^ 
/J-^ lik toi'. 
Successor, |g ^ i^ci ^^^^^^ 

the successor reflects the 
glory of his predecessor, '^ 

■% ip Bjl: i^'i^' ^''^ ^"* 

Succinct, fflg, '/:rwn-leuk. 
Succumb, %, fuuk. 
Such, l®[ '/;:om, ^n lit ^^^V 
V^'sfi ; on such and such a 

date, ^^»^aS 
Siiau nin Suau uet mau 
yat ; no such good nsws a& 

that, fittffl^^ti "^'^ ^''^' 
iai lau' ; such like, ^i^ 



sue 



501 



SUD 



tang mat ; don't be in such 

a hurry, fS^M^Cl*^ "^"i 
mok sum kvp. 
•Suck, n^ tsub^, ^ shoh\ 

'^^e y'^^ ^'*" ; not even 
congee water to suck, i.e., 
so poverty-stricken, ^^;5^C 
^Pj^Plp chunk ^shiii mo 
taam'' haap^; had not a 
mouthful of gravy to suck, 
i.e., got no benefit from it, 

tak taam haap^; to Buck 

^P' ']R A ^'"^' y"p 5 *o 
suck blood, Pmj]Ql_ rA'fl«i 

huet ; to suck out, p^hH 

■tsuef ch^uut; to suck out 

the poison, j^JS ^ [i[ ^ 

tsuet tuuk cW-uut loi ; to 

suck in fresh air, P$>^ 

Sucker, \i]^^ ^'up ^che, j^ 
^ piu nga, ^ ;;jc t^j 
k'lip shui t'uung. 

-Suckle, f^^ f'cti^- naai, ■^ 

Pi 'ue po\ :^ pj^ shik 

?n/;i; to suckle a child, ^ 

-^ ue ^S2e ; suckle their 

32 



^ue yiim k'i Vize ; a 

suckling child, ^^"^^ 

^^ po ue ke* i. 
Suction pump, :j:^ ;;]c f^ 

f^'«M shui t'uung. 
Sudation, ^jy^ cA'i«/^ hohn\ 
Sudatory, V^jj^ ^nuen fong, 

V"FV^ hohn^ yuuk. 
Sudden, ^,^ fut-in, fut-in- 

ke^ ; he met a sudden death, 

in ^sse ^liu ; sudden death, 
^^gg ts'uet^ pai^ all of a 
sudden, ^^^v[g] ts'uef in 
Z:«an ; all of a sudden faced 

min hewif/ ngoh. 

Suddenly, ^,fk ^^ fut-m- 
kaan; suddenly fell down 
in^fit,^^fX^\^fs^uet' 
in io ngoh'; I suddenly 
developed fever, ^^,f^^ 
^^ ngoh fut in faat^ it. 

Sudorific, ^ *^ |^ /<^«^ - 
hohn'-yenk. 

Suds, 5C$;^C fi tso' 'shiU^ 



SUE 



502 



SUF 



Sue, ^ Jco, (for) >J^ k'au ; 
to sue for debt, ■^fl^ /^^^ 
Cheung^, ■^'^^^ l^o hinr' 
cliaai ; to sue for peace, ^ 
^^ k'au woh ; to sue for 
a divorce, ^ |g fj^ ^ 
k'au li fun shiie. 

Suet, f^ yj 'jjaan-jau, gj 
ylj^ iu-yau ; mutton suet, 

^ i^ Vdj y^^"rt '^' y^'i ; 
beef suet, <^|^»^^ iigau 

iu yau. 

Suffer, :j^g* 'fai-^hau\ g 

shau\ ;^ g Vra'-ngaai', 

(permit) J"^ c/«/?^;? ; Lis 

feel in OS will not suffer it, 

;Ira ti S> S ts'eng waai 
''yan yan ; to suffer in 
silence, ^^^ bora yan, 

n.® S. '^' V^'>* ; suffer 
disgrace ^vith a view to 

revenge, ^.^iHfJL '^^"* 
yuiik po^ clrau ; to suffer 
from hunger, ^0L shau^ 
lei; to suffer from want, 
10101 ^^'^^''^^ ^** to suffer 
from thirst, 0^ /§ '^''" 
hoht ; to suffer from hunger. 



^ Id ngoh ; to suffer 
patiently, gjjjjj ^yan noi^ 
suffer for a crime, ^ ^^ 
shau'' tsue ; prepared to 
suffer (lit., the meat is on 

the block), I^a^r^^Kjt 

yuuk tsoi"* claim '^paayi 

sheung ; the innocent suffer 
for the guilty, ^ ;/^ ^^ 

hum shik yuuk paak huen 
toiig tsoi. 

Suffering, g'g^ shau'-yoo ;. 
inflict suffering, ^^)^ tsolc 
tsoi ; to bring suffering on 
one's self, ^ )/£ tsze^ tsoiy 
A^}j<^ f/<i/< tsoi. 

Suffice, J^ tsuuli, ^^ Jcau^;. 

will barely suffice, -fH pT 

krm holi ; it will I'usfc 

suffice, f^f^ f^f^ '^'^'^ 

lean tso"* M-; it will hardly 



suffice, 
shai. 



fi'Pj 



hin Jcau^' 



Sufficient, '^ /■«« , ^ f^2m/; ; 
is that sufficient, p^'^^ 
^C 5^^ -^"om^ ^/i /iv/?/ mi 
712.' ? Not sufficient room,;^rfl 



SUF 



503 



sur 



Jcaic^ ^^/iM; he has not got 
sufficient to live on, f^ 
ng ^ :^ 'k'ne 'm kau' 
sink. 

Suffix, ^ ^^ fs,y Sui 

tsze , j^'^^ tsip tsuuk 

tsze . 
SuITocite, ^ ^ kuuk-^^^e 

/^♦^ i/f'iy 'yuung. 
Sunrugan, ^[j/oo^ a suffragan 

bishop, ^|| ^ gfjj foo' 

muuk Si'^. 
Suffuse, 'j^ j^^ moon yat. 



Sugar, ^flg t'ong ; pork 
dumpl.iig cooked in sugar, 

iMl'^fs wan Pan haam^ 
granulated sugar, v|^ ':|)^ 
shn t'ong ; refined sagui, 
^ f^ P^^'^ t'ong ; unrefined 
sugar, ^fj^ wong t'ong ; 
cakes of unrefined sugar, 
^'1^ ^' '■'' t'ong ; fruit 
preseived in sugar, fl§^ 
t'ong Icwoh; sugar images 
(carried in wedding proces- 
sions), ^H§ '^/moirj t'ong. 



Sugar-candy, j}]i ^ j>rnr/. 
t'ong. 

Sugar-cane, /^ c//^^ dark 
brown sugur-cane, ^^ 7^ 
^/^ r/<!r' ; small sugur-caue, 

YSl^i ^^'^"^^ ''^"''' to press 
bugar-cane, |g ^ c^' 

c/ie ; sugar-cane dipped in 

boiling sugar, ^|g cA/ 

A-a/ ; eating his sugar-cane 

backwards, i.e., the best is- 

yet to come, -g^jpj^,^ % 

taam^ che^. 

Suggest, :^5 ^ t'ai-'/»-; 
suggest u plan, >}^ g^ 
k'au man ; as circumsraiices 
will suggest, M.fX^M 
Jrin ''keiiff shnang ts'tug. 

Suggestion, gfj hum\ gggj 
ch'an shvet . 

Suicide, Q gj i%ZQ -shaaf, 
[j ^ LnZo -csuun', pT t(^ 
Lsze' ts'cung, ^^^ '^'^/» 
/'/n^: the ghost of a: suicide 

suiciuo by poison, ^i 



t'un/ciim; committed suicide 



SUI 



504 



SUL 



by cutting his throat, ^l] 



tsze mun. 



Suit, (to) -^ hop, ^ cheuk, 
(a, of clothes) — flgj yat- 
Pnet^, (petition) ^ 2^im ; 
that height suits very well, 

clii^ ngaam loP; scarcely 
suited, Pg ^ fig 'm /oA 
ngaam ; a suit of clothes, 

^ fl^ — 8 ^' ^^"^^' y^^ 

tsaap ; does not quite suit, 

ffi^^'O* '^^'""^^ '^^^^ 
j[9«i hop ; he really suited 

my wishes, ^^^ i\j* 
shat wok ngoh sum ; you 
are so hard to suit, f^^Np^' 
i^ J^ Sii /lOWi' A-af/^i 
chaak ; docs not suit you 
well, P§- ^ ^ 'ni cheuk 
cheuk ;make it suit somehow 
(lit., will do for a gill if not 
for a peck) ^^P§^ 
S^ cheuk sJtc7ig 'm cheuk 
tau. 



Suitable, -^ j^ cheuk- shaif 
\^ ngaam ; suitable for 
wharves, '^ jjl^ ^.^ gg 
hop tso' ^ma t'au ; very sui- 
table, 'j^^'^y^ taai* 

yau lioh ts'ue ; not very 
suitable, ^ -^ ^ ^^ 

mo mat yuung-'* ch''U^\ 
how suitable, pijft^ kom 
ngaam ; a suitable match, 
^^j- iang tuv'. 

Suitor, >|< ^ k'au cliBy 
Ws^ uen ko\ 

Suite, ^^ 7can-2man. 

Ae\ "j^ ^ 7"rto-tuuk, g^ 
^ ^koo-hi\ M ^ Aa/c- 
min , P^P "^a V^f«^ 

Sully, Jfiy^ 2'i»i'-oo. 

Sulphate, ^|^f^ lau sum 
im; sulphate of copper, B|^ 
^^ ^tamn faan, ^ |^ 
t'uung lak; sulphate of iron, 
^^ fsV;7/7 faan ; sulphate 
of zinc, ^ gg fj #3* lau 



SUL 



503 



SUil 



suen paak uen ; sulphate 
of soda, ^ 0|j ^ uen 
meng fun. 

Sulphur, 1^ 1^^ lau-wong 

^Wi^M ^^^^ ^^^ ^°"^' 
(flowers of) >f^^^ lau- 

wong-*moot; sulphur pits, 

bitumiuous sulphur, •^^ 
/pW^ 1'^^^ wong heung ; 
red sulphur gaugue, Jl'^ 
/pW ^/'t^ lau wong ; best 
kiud of sulphur, ^ ;i^ 
leng wong. 

Sulphuret of arsenic, (yellow) 
;gX$ sliek wong, IJlfE ^ 
f sse wong ; (red) '^\t -^ 
huung wong, ^ ^ ^' 
wong hion ehek. 

Sulphuric acid, ^>^32:;!jC , 

lau wong k'eung ^s/iui. 

Sulphurous, like sulphur, -fpl 
*^m ^ts'ze lau wong. 



c , J 

shue-ca ; 



^*m shi 'shue it ; 8ultr7 
air, Kft^^g huuk it 



Sultan, 5^|g As'2/2/a; t'aan. 
sultry weather, ^ {j^ 



Sum, ^^f" kuung -/wi^ 
^llj luung- tsumif/ ; a sum 
of money, ^ ^ ngan 
sho'; to sum up, ^ ff 
t'uunrj icai ; the sum total, 
j^ ^ '^tuwhj kuung ; 
the original sum, 2Ji |^ 

Summary, j^lll ^ ^tsuiing 
luuk; the Summary Juris- 
diction Court, ^y^^^'l^ 
:^P^ Hewuj ^Konrj ts'in 
c/irtrti^ nga moon. 

Summer, ^ ^ ha^-/'/«; the 
summer months, ^ 2^ 
\iQ^ -kwai' ; summer solstice, 
W ^ ha-f///'; the early 
summer, ^^^^^^^ch'oh 
ha^ cAi shi. 

Summer-house, ^-^ leung- 
*t'ing. 

Summit, jM V^h^; the sum- 
mit of a mountain, |Jj 



SUM 



506 



SUN 



shaan teng; the summit of 

power, 7^A'K^'^^ ^^^^ 
taai^ chi k'uen. 

Summon, -j^B-^j- cli'uen-7aV; 
summon the spirits to the 
sacrifice, ^ |^ cliiu^ 
feV??^;summon to surrender, 
•Sj^ chiu' houg; summon 
to au interview, j^ ^ 
ohiu kini!'\ summoned him 
to appear in Court, ^fj^^ 
JL'^ ch'uen ^k'ue sheung 
t'ong. 

Summons, 'j^^ ch'uen-;)'tV; 
to issue a summons, \\\ ^ 
-g- chHiut fill lio\ HJ ^ 
ch'uut p'lu ; to serve a 
summons, ^M. ^ ch'uen 



a I 



Sumptuary, ^ J^ llfi^ A 
yuung^ ti. 

Sumptuary laws, |^ ^j^^lj 
fa-^ yuung^ chi chai^. 

Sumptuous, ^^ p'oh -fed ; 
sumptuous display, 



naau chong; a sumptuous 
feast, J^^ sheng^ cbaan . 



Sun, g yat, g||^^ it-*t'au, 
"ji^ (^- taai yeung, (to) 
525 shacd ; the sun's disc, 
fj ^ y^t luun; when the 
clouds disperse, the sua 
shines, ^ ^J£ ^ jroof 
wao lei)}!' yat; dry it in the 
sun, [J®^^ slumi^ Jwhn; to 
dry clothea in the sun, 
\l\f]^^^Jjl^ shaai^ i fuuk; put 
it in the sun to dry, ||i?tinl^ 
shaai^ ha it t'au; 



cloth wliich can be sunned, 

B© # ^I5t ffi^ 57irtf«' tafc 

Jce^ po^; a pnrlial eclipse of 

the sun, |[] ^^;^4^ y^^fc pok 

shik; open and sun it, ^^ 

Wi\ Pi^BiS lio hoi lai shaai\ 

Sunbeam, [T^^-j" hvong she\ 

Sunburn, B2§,^ shaa'ij' hah 

Sunday, ^§^0 ''Wi-jmai - 

Sunday-school, IjtH^ H '^ 
j^ *^laai j)aai^ yat hok 
kaau . 

Sunder, ^ ^?i ^^^ /"^^'^ 
hoi. 



sux 



607 



SUP 



Sun-dial, Jllfe ^''*° ^'''''"> 
011 yat twai, §. 
yat ^Icwai. 

Sundries, R|iK(i^ sup-sui^ -^-^ 
il^Jsbap mat; sundry goods, 
^^■^ tsaap foh^] sundry 
articles, ^1^ tsaap mat. 

Sun-flower, |^ (or Bf^^ j Q ^ 
heunff{ov, chiii^-) yat-k'wai. 

Sunken-rocks, Jf?gt/0'7-I ^^^'^^' 
st^w-shek; sunken eyes, '^ 
Q shum muuk. 

Sunny, ^(^\^ yat cAm' 

Sun-proof, :^S :7Il: '^ 

^«e<' yat hicong. 
Sun-rise, [fj ysLt-ch^iiut. 
-Sun-set, 07^ yat-yup, 

^. yat-lok, ^ jSj lok konf/. 
Sunshine, ^ yat hicong; 

to make hay in the sunshine, 

^03t»?^ tsoi^ pt 

kicong shaai^ '^U^o. 
Sunstroke, P|^ ^ chuwig - 

^ahue ^11pf^ chuung it, 
Sup, ^ ?/««i\ [^pJJI A«a^?- 

taam\ ^/J> ^ ^gum ^siu 

V, -^ij^^ shik ^maan 



U^aau: to snp with a friend, 

p'ung yau gaalc' maan 

Super-, ^^hicoh^, }^%\\mng\ 

Superabundance, ^J f^^i V^*^ 

ue; a superabundance of 



nee, ^^^v=\ 



1^ mai ^yau ue. 



Superabundant, -^ 

toh, ^ Bbeng^ /i^l% 
^.S2«<7c "^yau ue. 

Superannuate, -/^^f) lo yeuk, 
^y^ shui %\ a superan- 
nuated soldier, -^ fjfj ^ 
^lo yeuk ^^f?i^; a superan- 
nuated minister, ^ ^^ 
^lo shan. 

Superannuation, ^ ;^ ^ 
ohn %ngan,^[fn,1i;g 
lo i t'ui /hi'. 

Superb, :?J5JJ2 ^va lai'; superb 
carved and gilded ceilings, 

i^ tin wa iai' k'ap p'o 
Jcum fin fa ^paan; a superb 

edifice, 0Mi^M ^^ 
lai taai^ ha'; a superb 
entertainment, J^^ 



lim* 



SUP 



508 



SUP 



sheng in; she is superbly 

dressed, fg ^ ^§ fl^^^ 

kiie / funk kek wa ""mi. 

Supercargo, ]^ J^ paan- 

Bheung , ~)\^^^ tQ.-c\?-];)aan, 

3-lil if 4^^ shuen sheuug 
koon 'li foh^ mat die. 



Supercilious, "j^^-j -j^- Ico ngo , 
vlftT Pok hang', fj^ijg 
ngo' maan', ^]X fij ,tj 
ugaan /^oA ko. 

Supereminent, ^^ f/<'?« 
k'wan, ^^ pat sui , jQ 
.y. c/i'n< cheuk^. 

Supererogate, jjl 5^ ^^ ;2 

X[| laap fun'' ngoi' /^e 

kuung. 
Supererogatory, ^ ^[> C^f] 

fun' ngoi' ^/, ^ ^|, g^'j 

ngaak ngoi' f/. 
Supererogation, ;^^f^ZII 

fun' ngoi' /ce kuimg, 
Superexcellent, |^ ^J- kek 

'^o* J^^ r/,!ej</'c uet. 
Superficial, ^ '^tsHn, ^^ 

_J^ tsoi' min'' sheung', ^ 
1^ 7/2^e fau a., y^ fau, 



(scholar) yC-^ 0^ chhiung- 
sze-mun; superficial learn- 
tsHn hok; 



mg, 



iS# 



superficial work, /^^f^ T. 
^ ngoi' min' kmmg foo\ 
superficial show, V^^ fau 
wa; a superficial person, 

yan. 
Superficies, ^|>^ ngoi' min', 

^ J-_ min' sbeung', ^ 

^ ^7;m min', ^ min'. 
Superfine, S^rfj^-ffl •^^^ 2/«"^ 

*f" > TM Jl '"^^"5' sheung . 
Superfluity, ^j;^J^ ue fun',. 

f-aai^ toll. 
Superfluous, ')^ ^ p. ^ 
^'ac/i'-ZoA-Sio-yuung ,^^ 
'mo-yuung', ^ ^ 'mo- 

^^^ ' il'L: /ii she-^s««<A; 

superfluous characters, ^/i" 

-J- m tsze'. 
Superhuman, 

'1^ shan kivaai , [f j ^* 

^ ^J ch^mit lie yan lik. 
Superimpobe,^J|| _t./i:« sheung 



^7^YM?;', jjijj 



SUP 



500 



SUP 



Superincumbent, "r^^(liLc[^ 

shenng^ ii. 

Superintend, '^ J^ hmJc- li, 
(work)^ 'J^hiuk-hmng ^* 
^ koon^shau, ^4*^ '^koon 
sh/p\ ^f^^^ '^tsiiuiuj ^koon. 

Superintendent, j^jj'^ kaam- 
tuiik; Superintendents of 
the Pekin Customs and 

Octroi, m^nSk # 

shuung mun moon knam 
tuuk; Superintendent of 
Customs barriers, i^j 1^ 
fa hvaan; a superinten- 
dent, ^f^,^ ^tsining "^leng; 
Superintendents of Trade, 

ffiiW^E ^*"""^ sheimg 
taai^shan, p;'J:{tf^;/^[5; 
naam ixik yeung taai' shan; 
Superintendent of Customs, 

Jr^ll^nl^ ^^^^ /ararm po'; 
under a Customs Superin- 
tendent, nl^~yC po ha\ 
Superior, -^ ^cheung, titt* 
sbcung'-V^o, (better) ^^ 
Tcang - ho, j^^i ho-ktvoh^, 
t'au 'ta/ig, ^^'^ 



Jl sheung; he is superior 
to me, lEg^a^J^ 'k'ue 
yeng kwolij' ""ugoh ; revile 
superiors, |j')}| !' shamv' 
sheung ; superior quality, 
J[^j^^ sheung^ 7;2<«; articles 
of superior quality, j^Q^ 
'^ t'au ^tcmg foJi^; inform 
a superior, ^'X-^ pun ko'; 
the superior mar., ^'-^ 
kwun tsze; superior to the 
common herd, J^T^tf A.^^ 
ch^eiik^ uct yan k'wun; 
superior to the common 
people, [ij li^ ch'uut 
chining^', superior talent, 
Jl'^/f ib sheung' 'tang 
ts'oi nang; superior to, ^^ 
^ sheng tie-, your superior 
mind, ||S;ra; she)}g' i'; 



superior officers, J[^ "p] 

sheung^ sse; superiors -^ 

■^ chcimg ""lo. 

Superiority, 0^ shemf, @ 

-^ wai ''cheiing. 

Superlative, ^ dii -^^ kek, 

ietSfiSl/k ^/'' 1^*-'!^ 1^0 



SUP 



510 



SUP 



Supernd, ^ '|!^ Q^ cliHu 

seng ti. 
Supernatural, jpf|{S. shaii-i\ 
Supernumerary ^^^|» ngaak 
ngoi', ^^Uf)^ V" Ml 
ti, ^ ue; the supernumer- 
ary males of a family, ^^ 
^ ue foo; supernumeraries 
awaiting appointment, ^^ 
"^-^ ^yeung yuuk ^w?^'. 

Superpose ^ Jh tip sbeung^ 

it^ fui tip, ti^± 

foncf tsoi' sheung . 

. Superscribe, ^^^t^jffi '^e. 
tsoi^ ngoi' min\ ^jj^^ 
Jh hak tsoi'' min sheung^ 
g|^ t'ai ^foon. 

• Superscription, ^ ho', [^ 

W\ '^^"^ ngaak. 

• Supersede, IK'^^ fai-lme, 

^^yi^iu pat, )gg 
/ai c/u' , (-^f^ toi' tsolc; 
to supersede a man, ^^^ 

who will supersede him? 

tsip' k'ue yum'? 



Superstition, ?5i ^i'^ B ^ 
Iceug shan chuung kivaiy 
ts'e kaaic'. 



SupersHtious, tH '^ "j^f 'J 
mk-suun - koo - Icwaai ; a 



■^5 



superstitious race. 



sunn 



ts'e 



superstitious 



/i;e' yan ; 

doctrines, ^^ tf^'e Jcaau; 

superstitious ceremonies, ^ 

7<;e kuung tak. 

Superstructure, "pf^^^ji^ 
'^^} /ioA i /iwi tso"" ke 
mat. 

Supervene, ^ ^ tsze -cli% , 
;g,^- M Van, ^t# 

Supervise, ^JM '''^^'''^ "^^^ 
|g /raarn ^jg chi' 'li 
^WM^ li. 



JCEd. 



Supervision, ^ ^ ^ ^ 
fw«<^ "^li Ze' sze'; provincial 
committee of supervision, 
^'^^M^ '^^/iartrt^ ooi* 
^tsuung kuuk. 



SUP 



611 



SUP 



Supervisor, \^^^ /^««'" ^"^'/•^^ 

Z'oo/i li yan; sujiervisor of 
agriculture, ^^i^ nuung 
c/te7iff . 



3 C 



Supine, ^'[l]-^ tsuu - s/iau, 
t|:ff ^laaa toh', \%^ 



maan^ i'. 



Supinely, ]^f^ toi toll . 

Supper, (a meal taken in the 
evening) jK^ ^ maan- 
ts^aan, (the eveninc: meal 
of the Chinese) JJ^ |^ 
maan faan , (an occasional 
meal taken late at night) 
^^ ye^ ^s'o/ ; the Lord's 
supper, ^^^ "clnip ts^aan; 
to take suijper, "^^^ 
shik maan ts^aati; an 
abundant supper, — '"/^^^ 
j^ ^ >/at taai'* ts^aan 
maan shin . 

Supplant, 3^1 ;5l pih-hit, ^ 
toi\ ^^ ^u;ai hoi"*. 

■Supple, Ip^ ^ ^•/2f -^sa«i', 
^^^ uen shan. 



Supplement, ^ i^jjj Hm-'^po, 

tbuuk po. 

Supplemental, Supplementary, 
WiiG25 foo^ 'mi ti; a 
supplementary treaty, ^^ 
±\^ tsnuk i/mk\ j$}-|j 
foo^ yet</c^; a supi)lementary 
dispatch, [I^i^ foo"" taat. 

Suppliant, m. j!^ ^ '^jnm 
k'au 'rhe,\\\l ^ ^ ^''«M^ 
7m^ \lie: ^^>^^^'] ^J^an 
k'au //, ^>[C [('O k'au, 
'(}l^ fuuk //a^ 

Supplicate, ^>j< *^^i^'» 1^'au, 

W^ '^'^ '^^^ friS k'i 

''f'o; to supplicate favours, 

plicate rain, >}<f^ k'au 
''ue; to supplicate aid, >J< 
W) k'au choh^ to suppli- 
cate forgiveness, >|< ^ 
k'au s/?e\ 

Supplication, jgJJ clniuk, "^ 
fo'/^ k'au. 



SUP 



512 



SUP 



Supplies, !gJ sue, gj'jjt|a 
>S^ S/w/i kuung k'-up ke' 
mat; military supplies, ^^ 
^^kwmi sue; daily supplies, 

plies, Blr tK Tit tuen' 
(^t'uen) ^shui Snai. 
Supply, -gi |-^ kming-kHip, 

p'ooi jw; to supply a 
deficieney, ^;|^^ i^o A:'«e/!^ 
to supply with food, •jrlh 
■0^^ kuunij'^foh shik; to 
supply one's urgent need, 

ku]); to supply loss, ^^Ji§ 
jt70 cAi', BglJ p'ooi "/^o; 
a fresh supply of troops, 
^5-1] 2^ san to kP? 
])eii(j; a supply of food, ^i^ 
^ '^foh shik; a supply of 
money, l^^gi choh' ngan; 
well supplied with water, 

7K ^L (0^; ¥) rn '^^*'^^' 

Uxiuk {kail ) yuung\ 
Support, ^^ >[^ sheng-chue , 
(with the hand, or morally) 
^i^ foo-chue^ ^^ 



foo-ch'i; who supports you? 
^-h^H k'^aaiH' mat shui; 
educate and support, ^j^ 
^p kaaic' yeung; a grown- 
up son must support him- 

taai^ '^tsai shai kaai ; to 
support life, ^^ S'eung 
shaang, ^ p] ''y^"'^^ ^"^'^'* 
to obey and support, ^^ 
fuung yeung; to give 



support to the poor, '^ 
tsai^ p'un. 
Supporter, Oj[|^^ choh' ^chej 
H^ '^ch'ue, /^ ^i«<??^ ; sup- 
porters of the government, 
(lit., beams and pillars), 
^z^c 'S ^^'•^^o ch'ne; a 



supporter of the state, Ipjjf 
1^^^ foo ku'ok^ che. 



Suppo-^e, fj^;^ koo-lenng'y 
{ft ''koo; i shall not do as 
he supposes, ngf^Efif: 
-^ij 'm ^jji ^k'-vB leung^ to ; 
supposing that, Jf 1%. 
yeuk hai', ^'^^^ yeuk in; 
supposing it is so, ^ ^ 
H'ong yeuk, %^^ ch'it' 



SUP 



513 



SUP 



vraak, fxf»H fh^it' ^sze; I 
stippose he ia sick, ^ J^ 
fg^^ 'ngob tok k'ue 
Vail peng'. 

Supposing, p till PaT 'Z-^^- 
ssp-Jcaan, ^[] ^ /sia; waak, 

OUip ^^^'/^ "^ gg" Si F«1 

Supposition, ^^^ch^ft^ sze, 

^^ liu^ tok ZV 8ze\ 

Suppositional, J^'gnSJ ^i 
vrai ti, 'f^^Dfi<| '^s*«<en 
tok ^/. 



Suppress, 



^Ij^ man -aat , 
t'aan-«af', SiM 
7ci/«i fl'ai ; to suppress a 
smile, ^^ hom .?»u ; to 
suppress anger, ^ ^^ 
horn no^ to suppress vice 
and immorality, '^^^. 

peug^ ynm bang ; the district 
magistrate suppressed the 
posting of jilacards, ^ ^ 

■^i^z//n^ /vjj' paak ch^aau; 



suppressed half and con- 
fessed half, ^ :^ ^ iij^ 

Suppression, ^ j^ :^ ^ 

kiim^ aa^ kg* 8ze\ 
Suppurate, ij: |g s/man^ 

nuung, I^ Ji§ ^ sheng 

nuung ch^ong. 
Suppuration, )j^ []^ sheng 

nuung, /J: Hg shaang 



nuung. 



Supreme, ^ J- c/iA -sheung , 

chi' taai\ ^^ cA^^ ^.si/e«; 
the Supreme Court, ^,^ 
ohit* 



p 



51 






ch^aat sze 



ch'ue; supreme power, "^ 

"A^fS '^''^^i' taai' /re* 
k'lien; supreme ruler, _^ 
•^ wong tea . 

Supreme Being, J[^ *3j* 
Sheung'-rrtz'. 

Supreme Court, ^-^ nip- 
shue, nip-^ch'ue. 

Supremely, -^ kek. -|-*^ 
shap /"m?, ;^ taai , ^ 
r/w^ supremely ridiculous, 
ShT^ kek hoh siu\ 



SUR 



514 



SUR 



Surcbarcjc, (to overburden), 

M, ftf ix. ^ ^^^^^ ^"^^ ^'^^^' 

toh, (to overcharge), |^^ 

^ Jca ts'in foh. 
Surcingle, ,B|f1i:^^| 'ma ^t'o 

f-aai . 
Surcoat, ^jT;/vifi^ ^^"^^* *^^^^^ 

Surd, :^^2:SSi Vau k'i 

Sure, ^ fl /^'o/^shat, f§ 
^^ ^u'tm-to)uf; I am not 
quite sure, ^'^^j^ 
^ Sigoli 7;<'c^ slium'' chi 
ko/c^; he is sure to get into 
difficulties, fil ij^\ ^ ^' 
H^ Vc'm^ jnt '■yau yot» naau ; 
to be sure of, "^t^ shat 
chi; I am sure he is now 

^ Sigoli r/ii /c'oA; ^k'ue 
/frtw ^yau peng . 
Surely, — -^ yat teng', ;^ 
■S* k'o/c^ 8 hat, ^v^ J^^^ 

Surety, (a) ^'^ |^ faam-'^po, 
iWi ^ p'ang chuung ; I 
will be his surety, ^ i^0_ 



^ fli Sigoh ^a(7??2 ^jt7(> 
'k'ue ; to become surety, 
# Wv ^ tso' > ka; 
stand surety for each other,. 

Surf, mi^Mm 'f:^' ''^^^* 

t'ang "^yuung, -h^ yj^ taai* 
long^ 

Surface, "[gj min'', J^ ]^ 
sheung -min'^; the surface of 
the water, yK ^ '^shui 
min'*; a smooth surface, -^ 
/i;?ro;j^ min , \^ I 



waat min^; a rough surface, 



/f^ff W ^'^'^ min'; surface of 
contact, "l^illl ts'it' min'; 
the lower surface, j^ [^ 
^/«i miii\ 

^ ^j] 1^ 8hik-fo^ 

:A: #: "A ^. ^^^^"^ 

?/?r/n taai' shik ^X'^^^^, 
ijxim shik livoli to . 



Surfeit, 

5 



hn-'~paaiiy 



Surfeited, ^ 

#f§ V«r/K IUlu^ Igjg 
"^^jc^rn^ Snoon ; surfeited his 



looks on. 



^paau ^ngaan. 



6 m 'i' 



at 



SUR 



515 



SUR 



long 



Surge, }|;i $p g^ 

^ }g taai' long\ J^ % 
poh long', (to) J'^ yg 

//«?/«// '//«"'»//. SMii 
^ /«^ in /'?a'' lok. 

Surgeon, ^j^J'-JS^ °Soi' 

/o/i i shaanff. 
Surgery, ^[»^^ r\go? -f oh. 
urloin, ^ -jig ^^^ mi- 

luung-p'a. 
Surly, H^ maan, ^>'['^ maan 

seng' , j^ ^ \Taang yik, 

5£Jg A?/j/«.^ long, Jg'^b 

long scng\ j^ ^ AwM^iir 

po\ 
Surmise, f^ "^/'oo, ^jnj' |^ 
W-uen tok, =j^ leung^; his 

surmises were incorrect, f^ 



■Sip 



k'ue ng liu . 



Surmount, ^^ .s7if«y , 
^% xM ^'''^^'^ -tal:-hcoh\ 
^3 ytj ''^^''^^ ch^uut, "^ /^aA'; 
to fiurmount difficulties, ^& 
|f(^ sheng' naan. 

Surname, ^ Sf/?// , ^ slii ; 
Mrs. Wong, whose surname 
before marriage was Li, 



^fT^lA^ Wong moon 
Mi shi^; double surnames, 
'^^ sheung seng^\ to 
change one's surname, ^j^ 
jl>^ koi seng^; of the same 
Burnamo, {j^j fj^ t'uung 
sm^\- What ia your hon- 
oured surname ? jfj' ^ 
^/mi se;?^\ ^ ^^_ A;o 
se/j^f^ my humble surname, 

sin seng^, ^^^ tsin' sw//; 
bet on the surnames of 
the successful metropolitan 
graduates, ^mjlf^ ^Q^aai 
wai seng^. 

Surpass, ^ ^ J^ ch'iu- 

'^i^ uet- 

cU'iH uet, 

-^M ^''^'^"^' uet, ^ ^ 
(7r/w ycw/f ; to surpass the 
majority of people, ^ »^ 
^^ ch^uut diKung^ chHu 
k'wun. 



ch'-euJi'-l'tcoh , 



Surpassing, ^ s/^?;?// ; of 
surpassing beauty, ^^ ^^- 
kek mi. 



SUR 



516 



SUR 



Surpassingly, ^ kek, -J- 
^ shap/2m. 

Surplice, ^^^MM^ 
^ ^ ^'^'* V/iJ<e kaau sze 
cheulc ke ka* cliong. 

Surplice-fees, ^ {]§ ^^ 
kuimg tak ngan, ^ ^M 
^ Z:<no?5' tak kum. 

Surplus, ^^l] V^^ sheng^ 
^^^l] ue-sheng ; a surplus, 
^g^ leng t'au ; surplus 
land, ^i-jj ue ti^ lay by 
the surplus, Jg ^ i^ 
lau ue ti'. 

Surplusage, 3|l] sheng ; sur- 
plusage in pleadings, ]^ 

ffi Jit % CS5 i^«^ shu'ik 
^^6-'2e ohn ti. 

Surprise, '^| »^^ keng- ngok ; 

a surprise, (lit., a rap on 

the head), ^' ^ — - \^ 

tong t'au yat ^p'aang ; to 

surprise an enemy, ^l^ ^-r 

TjLW^ *--^ l^ang /^<«02,9 tek ; 

to surprise a camp, f^^ 

Pau yeng ; I am surprised 

atthat,^;g^ig Vh 



kok^ k'i hcacifC; don't be 
surprised, P§|tfJ|.f5 'ni 
^ho kin^ kwaai'. 

Surprised, J|^'J^ kbt'-kiraai , 
(frightened) -^i^ shafr^ 
ngok. 

Surprising, jjr} ^ cW-uut-V-i ; 
it is not surprising, ^j'^P§ 
-fS kivaai *m ^aA;. 

Surrender, :^ [^ t'au-hong, 
(to prison) :^ ^ t'au- 
A;fM»i, (give up) -j^ ^ 
foo^-kaaii; to surrender a 
slice of territory and seek 

peace, |S itii >!^ ^ '^^^^ 
ti' k*au woh ; to surrender 
to one's own government, 
^li t-'au Bheng, ^ fl^ 
/cM'ai fuuk ; to summon to 
surrender, "^^ [|^ chiu hong. 

Su'-reptitious, ^ sse, j^ 
/s'lm', JSa Kofi;) om' tso' ^t. 

Surreptitiously, ^iJjl^jif^ 
sze sze tso ti. 

Surround, [^ 



g /^ wui-chue^ l^ f^ 
\Yaaii ^p'o, ^3 



wai-maai, 
wai waan: 



SUR 



ol7 



SUR 



guiTouiul a lurking place, 

Surveilliiiice, ^ ^ ts'uun 
cli'a, ^jj ^ foiig «/irt«/, 
^■•yf- //«///; xiiau. 

Survey, ^ ^ ch'a-f/^'fw/^ 
to survey land, -^ ^-^ 
leunf^ ti'; to survey tlie 
state of affairs, |g ]g fjlf 
^ /t/r'rti tok ts'eng yeng ; 
to survey a harbour, ^^ 

''hail slnim isHn ; to survey 
carefully, ^,|J| ^ sr// ch'a, 
sfilHW sc// /jo/i?i ; to survey 
a ship, "Mftlq lewng shuen. 

Surveyor ;^ it!! W ^^^'"S- 
i?-koon, 8. General, ^H ^^ 
^ Kiuoif/-mo -sze. 

Survive, |^ yjj sheung^-oot, 
Jg^jji; \vaan-tsoi^-sA«/'\ 
1^^ sheung' s/ianyit/, ^ 
^[^ mi ^sze, ^ "[% lau ha\ 

^ meng* sheung^ in 

clicung. 

'»38 



Survivor, ^-^-^ in rhrimg 
\-he, ^^ ^ sheung* 
ts'ueu die. 

Susceptibility, >^ ^ gjf) i' 
Vio;;i tuung', ^ gjf| '[-g i' 
tuung' ts'eng, ^ ^j^ i* 
naap. 

Susceptible, y^^ i'- /'o»i, 

Suspect, ^ ^ rh'aai-i, ^ 
♦fiJ '/imm!/-]ya\ J^^^ f>ze 

^' 0fi 'i ^^"^' 5 I suspect 
'^ >s, IR -(g ^ jM' hai' 
/«m'; suspect and dislike, 
^ ^ f/i'rrra" im ; a sus- 
pected person, 'S]'^;^ A 

liuh i ^V'' yan ; lie bus[)ect3 
the truth, jg^i^K^ 

k'ue cli'-aai i chan to^; he 
is suspected of belonging 
to the Triad J^'ocietv, J^ ^^ 

yaii sze i k'ue hai^ 6Ymw 
hop ooi' Ice yan. 
Suspend, ;|^j. /'wr^/^ (stop) -^ 
pa; f^- t^eng, fI-J ^ /^u' 



sus 



518 



SUS 



suspended from the ceiling, 

tin fa paan ; to suspend 
work, ^m P^ kuiing ; to 
suspend from office, "^.^' 
Icaali^ chi/c ; to suspend in a 

door-way, g|. ffi H _Jl 

Jcim^ tsoi' moon slieung''; 
to suspend upside down^ 
'^J|^l» % k/ca^; to suspend 
by a string- ^^ff #1^ 
yuung^ sheng tsai Iitcd^; to 
suspend business, feXt^ 
^ t'eng chi shacmr/ /^; to 
suspend payment, -fa ^ 
^ t'eng cJii ngan. 

Suspenders, |^^ foo^ tanP- 

Suspense, :|i|^ kwa -mong ; 

in susponse, ;|^j« ^^ Tcicfi' 



i\ 



Suspensory, ^=^ flj^ kwa U, 



ill'; 



to uen. 



Suspension, ii^ ;^ Inrtt' hi, 
^^^ tsaam' t'eng ; sus- 
pension of arms, ^|^~p" 
^ tsaam^ t'eng kohn kicoh; 
suspension bridge, ^i ^^ 
uen k'iu ; the centre of 
suspension, j^i^j'^ uen fi/]i. 



j;^ kica^ mat, '^ taai'. 

Suspicion, Jg, ^ sze-i, ^ 

^^ rh^acii i ; you have no 

grounds for suspicion, •^ 

m *jc 4 itk -s ^ '■» 

mo koo^ shaang ^ts''ze sze i ; 
to liarbour suspicion, ♦^ 
fc^ waai i ; to excite 
suspicion, fj^ U yeung' i. 
Suspicious, ^^ ^^ i waak ; 
death under suspicions cir- 
cumstances, ^^3^"*^ ^^^ 
liai meng; always suspicious, 
(lit., sees a snake's shadow 
in every cup), :{>T;4'i'fe;|^ 
fooi cliuung she geng-. avoid 
suspicious actions, :^ 



liV, 



.3 



^^ pi im i ; Are you 
suspicious of m.e ? jj^ ^Bl^ 

^ Ife I# '"i *'^ i '^-go^ 
j^if ? 

Saspiration, ^ ^ /i-^//; Z^/'*, 
I^ ^ mok //i% Pg ^g^ 
mok s//c. 

Suspire, P^ ^^foo tiqi. 



sus 



519 



SWA 



Sustain, (suffer) ^ ^ tai- 
slmu\ (be fit for) ^ ^ 
hak-toiuj, (keep up) ^'^ 
foo-cliue', ^ ^^ slieng- 
cliue\ (alive) ^ ts'uen, 
:^^ yeung, [^ H^ hong 
foo ; to sustain liim, j^ 
'^ |g foo-chue k'ue ; to 
sustain life, %^^^ 
po ts'uen shaang meng ; 
to sustain one's self, ^ —^ 
tsze snau; to sustain a 
burden, j^"^ ^ faam hoh\ 

Sustenance, •^;^ //«w«-shik, 
(daily) j^jg -Jg- kwoh^ oot. 

Sustentation, :fc^IJi^ foo choh\ 

H ffl ^ H .^at yuung' 
. chi leung. 
•Sutler, ft !>;; i^ S ^ J$ 

>£ ^ /ci^///?// /b/i sliik 

/•saz^ ^sliiii UP pen (j ^che. 
Suture, l^ '^ p fuung 

sheung ^liaii. 

Suzerain, 'f^cU^^ V'' oo^ 

r/it chue. 
Suzerainty, '^^ wai <7<2/^, 

Swab, (a) ^WH X-fut. 



Swaddle, to ^ ch'in, J^^ 
iffiiilS '» i funk ch'in 

Swaddling clothes, 1^ po-, 
the square cloth used by 
Chinese for carrying a child 
on the back, |^|;j)^ '^k'eung 



po ; just out of swaddling 

'chH 



clothes, jj^f^i^ 
min k'euug ^po. 
Swagger, ^ ^ 7i;'zm-taai , 

S^rt<< tiu^ keuk , ^1^ she, 

V«'" ; a noisy swagger, j]^ 
Jfjj^ ^ ^^'^^^'' ^'^" •s7iW_5' ; to 

swagger about jauntily, :^ 
^tH^ in loi ^pacn hi(e^. 

Swain, m^ t'in>,^^ 
hau^ shadiig. 

Swallow, (a) ?^t ^ *m'- 
^.sz^ ; (to) -^ ~\\ f-un-%Si^ 
"^ t'Wi; cannot swallow 
it, i.e., you can't impose 
on me, ^l^^'^^^/lrang 
'm Jcifoh' ^keng ; to swallow 
a pill, ^ -fy^ t-im uen ; 



SWA 



620 



SWA 



cannot swallow it down, 
^P§^^S ^'u/i 'm lolc 
keng ; it is swallowed, ^i 
f^ ^ Pun lok hnp^\ 
unable to swallow, P^ ^^ 
it' sale ; to swallow one's 
words, -^^ shik in ; the 
rock swallow, |^^ ^nb oo 
Hn ; the chatter of twitter- 
ing swallows, ^nt^iJ/gU^ 
in ^ue ni naam ; a swallow, 
i.e., a mouthful, — -P^ yat 
taam\ — -^ ycit fun. 
Swallow-tail,J^ g Jlfl^ 'hi 

mi ti. 

Swamp, iH \^ laan -paan^ 

iva 'tsze ; to swamp, 

tsum'^, -j^^ shut im. 

Swampy, j^Hjt] ou ti ; swampy 

jS^round, y^^ oo ts'e, ^ 

~J\ 00 ha\ l^ffl ii'a t'in, 

Swan, -(il A';/<<A', ^ff| ^/n- 
ne:oh : the intentions of wild 
geese and swans, i.e., flights 
of fancy, }r| J| ^ J^^ 
huang JcuuJc c/ii chi^; the 



swans on which the immor- 
tals ride to heaven, "gi ^ 
wong JcimJc. 

Swap, (to exchange) j^^ ^^ 
seiing oon , ^ ^ Mau yik. 

Swarm, (a) — ia^ yat-tui\ a 
swarm of bees, — • ^^ ^ 
^ y^^ kw'un mat fuung ;. 
a swarm of insects, — .^^ 
^k yat kw'un ch'uung ; ta 
swarm, ^^^^ kw*un tsaap; 
to swarm with troops, ^^ 

TS^ V^^3 ^^^3 kw'im 
tsaap ; swarming flies, ^^ 
4"^ yeng yui^ this river 
swarms with fish, ^ |^ 

JrI ^ 4 #. "'■ *^'i^^ i^oi^ 

foA shaany ue ; the streets 

swarm with people, ^j ^ 
A ^ A'^f'*' sheung"* yan foh; 

to swarm up a tree, Jf^.*^! 

Cheung shue', Jg JH ;j^ 

p'aa)i Sheung shue\ 
Swart, Swarthy, ® ; swarthy 

face, ,^gO ^i»^!' min\ 
Swarthiness, _,|^ ^ oo shik. 



SWA 



521 



SWE 



Swath, —frM\^!/af 
hong ngaai' 'ts'o, — tl^l] 
^^ i/at hong ngaai' woh. 

Swathe, to \>X'wBZ'^ 
taai^ cli'in chi. 

Swathing, p;f|i:2'f ''^^'oh 
cli'in Are tm^ 

Sway (power) ^ ^ k'nen- 
jmifj , ^^^ A'oo/i hat, ^ 
j^ /c/ro/.: ''tiiunfi ; under 
one's sway, ^p~T^ t-lii lia\ 
^y Hoon ha^gf |g 

^lfl|f$ '"''"^ '^^Soh 't"""' 
/«/t Sii ; to sway (to rule), 

^^ ^Cheung 'koon, g 

chi\ (to draw from side to 

{8S ;;'/n^ ch uung. 
Swear, |g^ faai'-s\m\ -^ 
^ ^c/i'i sliai'; to swear at, 
DJ2,.^ ''/i«?//* ma^; to swear 
before heaven, ^^ ^ OH 
^^ /o/^r/ tin nieng shai"*: 
to swear by burning a written 
oath (before the gods), *Jj^ 

^M^ *'^""' ^^'^^^ cheumj ; 
I will go with you to swear 



on a cock'.s head in the 
temple, 5J^|i^|J,i-g|TFj: 

SlRl^^' '"S"'' t'uung 

^li liuc^ miu ''rhaam hai t'au 

/rtrti shai ; to swear falsely 

jg^^^7/shai\;g^;f( 
/ron^ shai^ neu''; jialnt of 
swearing,^ #15'S*4H 
shai' uen ivii(/ ahacmg yat ; 
to swear they would not 
stand together, ^ '^ it 
jj^ shai' 'ni kuung laap ; 
to swear profanely, §[,^ 
^ luen' /<7«/ shai'. 

Sweat, y=f hohu', (to) [jj }^ 
ch^unt-\\o\i\\ : I was covered 
in sweat, l^ii^ffi-^ 
'^ngoh moon slian ch^uut 
holm ; to sweat from fear, 

^ [ii '?P ^"^"^ fA'i«<^ 
hohn ; a cold sweat, Jjfe*- 
'/P "^laang hohn'; to sweat 
blood, if J^ liohn' htiet'; 
medicine that promotes 

sweating, ^ V"}"^^ /''^^^ 
hohn yeuk ; sweating sick- 
ness, Vl"^ hohn cheng^i 



SWE 



522 



SWE 



drops of sweat stood on his 
forehead, HJl^^f — 
^i^fi iigaak sheung^ "^jau 
hohu yat ^tim ^tim; brush 
off the sweat, i.e., never 

mind, ^ — ffivf ^^^^'^'^ 
1/at j?a hohn^ 

Sweep, ^f .so\ fy ^ %- 
so\ (at a) — • ;jg //rt^so^ 
— ' is 3t yat-so'-hvong ; 
sprinkle and sweep, ■JM 
^^ ^■A« ifo ; make a clean 
sweep, t.^., lose it all at 
once,^— ^Q^jg yat 

. hok iu V/i 'k'ue ; make a 
clean sweep, — ^J|] yat 
Icoo lacaat'\ all at one sweep, 
— '^^ yo.t lioo nacnc, to 
make a clean sweep, i.e., 
all at one fell swoop, — • j 

M ^ ^ U^^t 'mo"g 't(t 
csuun ; to sweep clean, i^ 

Wl ^' *'^' ^"^^*'^ tseng""; 
sweep away mists from the 
sea, i.e., to destroy pirates, 



m 



3 C 



'^ 



SO 



tseng hoi fun ; sweep away 

MM,*, 



all traitors, 



so^ ch'ue Jcaan fang ; sweep- 
ings of the hold, i.e., the 
last cargo-boat, ^^ so* 
ts'oug ; sweep off, 4^-^ so* 
7i?^f ; to sweep a chimney, 
^')»E^ /'?^?/»// //? t'tmng; 
sweep out, ^^ so ts'cng; 
sweep up, :l^Jg — ■i^g so' 
maai y^/^ ;'i//. 

Sweeping assertion, ^^^^^^ 
wa^-maai-/s'a2^\ 

Sweet, ■§[]• t'im, -^ ^m ; 
sweet oranges, ^ ;|'^ t'im 
ch'aang ; crisp and sweet, 

as honey, ® J-f p^gjf mat 

chiip Jconi t'im ; sweet-flag 
(or dragon-boat) festival, |^ 
^ p'o tsif^; sweet-flag (a 
rush hung over the door as a 
charm), ^^\\ p'o Jnm^; the 
sweet pear-tree, i.e., a 
beneficent ruler, "^^ kom 
t'ong ; to count sweet, i.e.y 
to eat readily, -tt* ^ ko7n 
shik ; sweet (seasonable) 
rain, -|j* ^ Zo;/; lum; 



SWE 



523 



3 WE 



sweet and bitter, i.c^ 
prosperity and adversity, 
"^ ^ Icom fno ; II sweet 
sleep, ^[I^ oJni %\m?. 

Sweet-basil, ^ffi^ Isze so. 

Sweet-bread, 4^^^ iigauwat. 

Sweet briar, ^ ^ ^ net 

JcHW fa, Wt^jl^ Ve 
niooi k/rai^. 
Sweeten, vQ-filtB^ ^o^^ t'im 

Sweetheart, |^^^ /V//' Z« 
p'oh ; /J>^ ''-'<iu setiff. 

Sweet-meats (sold by hawkers 
in streets), JTJT^ ^<'"// 
ten// *t'ong ; a box with 
partitions for sweetmeats, 
ts'nen hop; jar of 



sweet- meats, ^@ H^ gg 

t'ong /cii'oh aang. 
Sweetness, ^' t'im ; lost its 

sweetness, i.e., lost power 

of mind. 
Sweet-potato, 



\]^ ooi t'ong. 



faan- 



*shne. 



Swell, (to) ^H^ chumig-hi, 
(a) ^)J'4i <-l'0)uj-hon(j, -4- 
j^-jp taui -lea - tsze. 



Swelling, J|| J)/^- ^rhuung 
chowhf ; caused a awclling 
by a blow, f^ ^f yjv )|g 
horn talc koh *Uni; a great 
swelling, — .[»|| — -T)^^ yat 
t'nen //c//; pan ; a soft 
swelling, 'JFJ^P^ lan^ pan'; 
painful swelling, ^^ ^^ 
fang rhuung; a swelling, 
3^ 5g V«/?<»^ ^chuung; 
swelling of the feet, jltp^J 
Z"^?//^ ^rhuKng ; a swelling 
from weakness, j^)]^ hue 
chewig ; dropsical swelling, 
TJC )]:^ •"''''?" Cheung^; to 
disperse a swelling, ^/^^^ 
sin cheung . 

Swelter, ;^ |f ^ Icok'^ cii 

it^ la f§ r^ H Z/^''^ it 

s/i«^ wun. 
Swerve, '^TFjM! ^^^^^^ cheng^ 

^??-i^i^ 7^r/^ ^67n<?? k'wai 
'^kt/c ; to swerve from duty, 

y^ 1^ ^ ^ 9- i'"f 

tso 7W0/i fuu sze ; 
to swerve from the rule, "^ 



SWI 



524 



SWI 



the horse swerved,^^ ^ fwj 

i hang ; I do not swerve 
from my resolution, ^il 

'm hoi chi^- 
Swift, ^ faai, gg /s'^«'^^' 
55?3£ tsuat-^.s'i/</Z;- ; a swift 
horse, \^ ^j M'i' 'm-^' 
swift motion, ^ Jf/j /-^^j? 
tuung'; swift as the wind, 

li', S in SL ^*'''"^' "^ 

fininii; swift of foot, j^ 

M'KS, '^-^" tuungV««'"' 
As-'jijJc ; swift as an arrow, 
as lightning, as thought, 

ts'ituk ue As//i', ne tin\ ue 
mm . 
Swig, -js,^^§\ taai' taam' 

Swill, (to drink greedily) ^ 
^ taai^ ^yum ; (to wash 
down) {^ ^ 'sal tseng'; 



(pigs' food), 5t]^if:fef^«'^ 

"shoh shik, ^-:t^ Jtonff 

shau . 
Swim, JjAl;ffC yau-'s/ii«, ^JJJ: 

yan. ^ 

Swimming, (dizziness) jHfl^ 

t'au-?mH; to feel the ground 

whilst swimming, ^i^fe 

:i bold swimmer, j§;;5^V0 
"^yuung lie yau ; to swim 
over the river, >|0 ^ '/^ 
yau Zc^ro/i^ *^/JOi ; I can swim, 
?ic^'/0 Sigoh ^ooi yau; 
a swimming jacket, '/07lC 
Z^ yau '^shiii i; cork swims 

in water, I^P^^ff-MyK '^'"^ 
fan ue '.s7«a". 
Swimmingly, jig shuun\ 



shuun'' li. 
Swindle, IIS hong-pHn, 
(and run) ^ g '^^ 'l^'- 
■■mi-r^we', :g;,||U t-iuifin\ 

HgTfS ^^^''^ '^^^'^''*'' ^.^ 
swindle people out of their 

money, :^ A. ^ ^■^'"^' ^^^ 
ngan ; to let people swindle 
one, Jl A li[ 'sheung 



SWI 



525 



SWI 



yaii ton(f\ he has been 
conrnilctely ssvindlecl, ^\, 
PiKI^ V van ti^^^^A: 
sU(ii'\ he was swindled out 
of it, -y^ {gH^ ^^om Vne 
ZV; to swindle completelv 
out of, (lit., to swallow 
evervthino;), §^ :gc k'eng 
t'lni ; don't swindle me to 
that extent, f^R^f^^ 
p4j-^ ni mai mjak ngoh 
kutii' toll. ; you may swindle 
men, hut not the spirits, 

lujalc talc yun, 'm nrialo talc 
shan. 
Swindler, ^ .^^ paak pi' 
Icoh, ^-^'^ ts'eng t'oi 



M* 



mo tu 



shek, t! K 'i 

Ictnit; a inirefaced swindler, 

^ ill 3fe IS ^'"''^^ t'au 
liicong kirii/1^. 

Swindling, :jj^l|ji] /r^r/m^ /i/i . 

Swine, ^^ chup ; a herd of 

swine, — ^J ^ yat k'wun 

chue. 
Swine-herd, ^^ ^ muuk 

chue che. 



Swing, (a) fjl^ /s'rt2< ^s'««, 

to hang and swing, |/^^ 
^^ tiu^ ihx'fanff (or />»//''); 
a swinging frame, ^j^ ^|j|^ 
Ab /s'//j ts'-au lcc(*; to swing 
about freely, :^^:^.^ 
iu loi iu hii(\ swing with 

the tide, mmi^mM 

ts'ui ch'iu >7/2// ^/7ww 
tunng^; to be in full swing, 

sheng^ shi. 
Swing-bridge, yg- ;j^|^ ooti 

/a k'iu, ^\^ fau k'iu. 
Swinish, '^JqBBJ 'ts'ze chue 

ti. 
Switch, "^piii; a fly-switch 

(made of loose horse-hair), 

^^^ yeng ^shaau Hsze. 
Swivel, ^ \^ ^chuen-suut, 
' "^Xir^^ Ayw2^^ fe/?^ waan, 

J^ '^(7n/^/? waan ; a 
^^ - -«• c 



swivel gun, ^ t^ 

ch'uung\ ^~Y ^H ^'""^'^ 
teng rh'uii/ig^ ; a swivel- 
hook, ^^~f^ ^^naii^ ieng 
ngau. 



swo 



526 



SWO 



Swob, 151 II: ^ slieng s/n' 

Swollen, "^^fa^t^'i/mii^g; 
bis finger is swollen, '(g. 
•^^BE 'k'ue '.'/irtM 'chi 
^cJiinmg; my throat s\Yells 

with nige.,mm^±.^ 

mamj han /««;! Sheung 
ts'eung; a swollen abdomen, 
^ )]]| A'oo r/^ei<V; a 
young swell from the Wes- 
tern snlnu'bs of Canton, 

iS^^S'^ff ^"'' ^"^^^'^ 
a Jiooii ^tsai; What a swell 

you are! i$ptiap0^ 
""ni Jioiii^ szf ^hol che . 

Swoon, ^5^ s/i«/-wan, i^^ 

M ^ ^ ^""^ -^"^ •^'"' 
mai ; to swoon away, -^ 

-^J /"z^i Vo; to swoon with 

pain, ra ^ ^ ^'"' 
tuimff' shut wan. 

Swoop, (to)^ — ^ :f |. ;pf; it 

yat-])'olc - chacm-chue^ ; to 
swoop down on, i^\ ^ 
^chaau chue . 



Sword, J2 ^IJ V«-^'"'^', 7J 

'''', ^ J'^"'; ^'^'^ ^<^g® 
of a sword, J) iJ] ^ ^o 
yan' i ; an executioner's 
sword, g^ yj (fu to ; sword 
exercise, ^ ;^j ^nio Awi'/ 
draw a sword, ^^ ^|j pat 
lum^; sword and shield, _^ 
7J jj'§ j{|L /rt^'/i /(^ fang 
p'aai ; the sword of Kwan- 

ti, |g 7J ^"'''^'^'" ^'^''' a 
short sword, g^TJ "' ^^' 
a two-edged sword, "^ ^ 
^ '^leung min /o; to put 
to the sword, 
luuk 

sword-bearer, ^^ ^|j 
2fooiJ' Jcim^ '^cho ; sword-belt, 
-^jj^ liim^ taai ; to sheathe 
the sword. ^"^ "^ siJc 
Icohn Jcicoh; the sword bean 
(Pongamia r/laln-n), ^^ 

to tau^ 7[C'S§ ^^^^^'^' '^^^ 

tau\ 

Sworn, ^ ^ mang shai^ 

Bworn friends, ?§ ® ;^ 

/rt(7^' shai^ weng 



to wear a sword, 
p^ooi^ 1dm ; the 



SYB 



527 



SYC 



wai p'aiif? S'^" ' 8\vorn 
brothers, $i ^j ^ffj kohn 
tai] heng, ^ f^% ^ 
kit' paai^ heng tai', pj gj. 
j^ ^ t'luing mang heng 
tai'. 
Sybarite, irj* fe ^ «1'^' •'''""^' 

f/i* t'o. 

Sybaritic, I® ^OflJ shi' «/<//;; 
ti. 

Sycamore, ;{^ g.j ^j^^ fining 
shue* hii^. 

Sjcee, fj>r 1]^ miiu-^ngan ; 
adulterated sycee, J^ ^^ 
A'/?^ *ngan ; aa iugot of 
sycee, |gU ngan *teng'; 
a hoof-shaped ingot of 
sycee, ,\^ ^§ ^ 'ma t'ai 
^^teng'; large shoe-shaped 
ingots of sycee, TiQ^^ 
nen ^;o teng ; Custom's 
sycee (at a discount), ^ 
'il^^ /r//'Wif« heinig teng ; 
salt gabelle sycee, ^ ^Ijp) 
^ im /fe20?^ teug"*: mock 
paper sycee ingot (burned 
in worship) ]^ 



naain ngan 'teng^; wooden 
ingots (pasted with silver 
paper), j^^ I,]: oo 'teng'; 
hollowed logs for carrying 
sycee, ^J^j'| "iriui fs^in . 

Sycophant, Q f,^ fig paak- 
%>'-'ngaan, ^ ^jl :^\ 
mill ue chi yan. 

Syllabic, ^^Hfl^ /""'^ yw'» 
//. 

Syllable, ^^^ /'''^ y"'", "^ 
^^ /s'/^ ?/?/;n ; a word of 
two syllables, f^u'Z^ 
^leung gum Jre tsze . 
; Syllabus, fjj§ 'J.aan leuk\ 
-JZ^ taalMeuk' W- M- 
m leuk . 

I Syllogism, ^l^l^ZB fjf 

j luun' ^/</ t'sze. f ||||;S p 

I pin^ bum'' cJd ts'ze. ._ > I 

Sylph, ftll A *'■" .^^"' ^ 

Sylph-like, jji] »^ .*//? J^irufy 
||||/<w^ //?<; a sylph- 
like figure, ^$P (i^ # lau 
t'iu sl/an. 

Sylvan, IS-j^j^jvUSJ all lie' lam 

a. 



SYM 



528 



SYM 



Symbol, 15 g: Z 4^ V'^- 
»^-c7/»-mat, jiiu-i -Ice' ye, -^ 



ho , 



7u ho\ ^ -^ 'piu 



•j)fL iAM ''o' ^-'^^ ; 

alsfebraic symbols x and y, 
^ JC tin uen, ^ j^ 

Symbolic, symbolical, ^!]§^ 
ho^ //, ^^CS^ V'" '»o^ ^*'- 
Symbolically, 0, ^ ^ 'i 
])iu ho . 
Symbolize, tjg" ;|=p ow Vii, 

Symmetrical, ;ij;|5 ^^ seung- 

Symmetrically ; lay symmet- 
rically, ^^f h'ai" V/o. 
Symmetry, }|i0^ se«/'^ hop, 

fflSE «^»"^ i^"«^''' ffiPS 

seung foo^ symmetry in 
proportion, -J^^"^ seung 
foe'' lai . 
Symp itbize, ^ ^ /^//? y^?', 

t'uung ts'eng; sympathize 
■with one in trouble, ^|S 
S ffl K i'uwuf Veung 



seung Jc/caan ; sympathize 
with, J|^ *[§= f'u/^/?/ siVc; 
to sympathize with one in 
joy and sorrow, ^^^^^ 
l^®A;2Sl°kyaa 
chi lok f/f«/ yan t/a' gaic. 
Sympathy, [ij |f| t'uung- 
ts'eng, (witli sorrow), j|^\ 

liu, ^1^ oi' lin, M ^U 
ts'ze ^7i ; deep sympathy, 
!^ii!) "* tuung^; sympathy 
with the troubles of the 

people, ^K^ffi ^^'" 

mun chi yau. 
Symphonize, ^Hl"^ ^oh ijUMy 

^/g- woh hop. 
Symphony, # gg ff tRI 

yum wun"* t'iu woh. 
Symposium, ^^ '^ c¥eung 

yum, $^^^ cW-eung tsue'. 
Symptom, ^ ^ jeng-tsiky 

(of disease) ^ ^ peng'- 

yeng, :fg^ kaak kuuk. 
Synagogue. '^^ ooi^-t'ong, 

t'-aai' yan ke"* lai paai^ 
t'ong. 



SYX 



529 



SYN 



Sjnchronize, [qj gi t'uung 

Synchronous, [^ gj flfi^J 
t'unng shi //, — flf pg^ 
yrt^ shi //. 

Syncopate, ^|^' -^* shuuk 
sltaaiu/. 

Syncope, -^z^ s/m/" wan. 

Syndic, 'ggj^g ^/-^^'. 

r////i; meng miuik, ^^ 



icai lien. 



Syndicate, -g^ IK ^ J^ j^ 
i^ hop ^/coo fuu"* Ice^ sheimg 
yun, ^^ /:2«m^ ss^. 
Synod, t^ ^yjj ^ muuk s^e 



ooi\ 



Synonym, |^ ;g ;2 ^ 

t'uung C chi t8ze\ 
Synonymoup, |^ ^ t'liung- 

/"^a/, |5J^ t'uung-i\ 
Synopsis, ^]|[g A"fl/?i/ /rr/rtw\ 

«/«' taai '^chi, ^ [5^ Vr^^/r/n 
leulo. 
Syntax, ^ ^^ mun faaf, 

-ft ft' ^ & /6-o/i;' s/r//f 
cAt faat'. 



Synthesis, \^^ /^ t'iu hop, 

^ ^ lunn^ tmung hop 

Syphilis, ^ ^f ^ s^«"^- 

^f«/7-peng\ 
Syphon, -^ 'j^ /:oa; -t'imng. 

Syringe, -7]'^ |^ shui-chit*^ 

1^ s/<m" ^///^^ t'uung. 
Syrup, fg ;;jC t'ong 's/nd, 

^'(Y ^'^'"^ chiip. 

System, '^^ f^iot -shi/c, (a 
setof things)— gljii^ 
yat-foo -ypuff -ton(f ; system 
of government, j]^ ^> 
f7/e//^ faat , ^ ^ chi' 
faa^. 

Systematize, jjl^ ha]) faat' y 
§^^^ ch^it\faaf. 

Systole, i\^^ jjjft ;|^ |}| sum 
mak sA^ii shuuk. 

Szchuen, jZyjII ^^f' ch''i(en. 



T-shapcd ; a T-shaped cios- 
si'^oj "J' ^ ^^ ^^"y tsze' 



TAB 



530 



TAB 



Icaai, T ^ 5S P ^^"^ 
tsze lo ''hnv. 
Tabby-cat, ^pg^ "'^''^'?' "^n^- 
Table, ggg cheung-H'oi^jf^. 
■^ cheulc -^tsze, (a spread) 
jj^ tsik ; how many tables 
shall be spread ? ^ ^ ^ 
[^ /(!9i *■/■/ ^/i wai ? table 
expenses, ;^|^ *^mai faan^ 
lay the table, ^ g //(>/ 

clear the table, j|^ |^ 
^/irtz^ t'oi ; a table before a 
shrine, a magistrate's table, 
^ fe k'nm t'oi ; an 
octagonal table, or a four- 
sided table able to accom- 
modate eight people, two 
on each side, J\ '[jl] j*^ 
paa^ sin t'oi ; a writing 
table, ;g ^ U 'se tsze' 
t'oi ; a table full of viands, 
— |M yat t'oi suiing^; a 
card table, ^ ^J^ j;$ jg 
V« ''chi p'aai t'oi ; leave 
the table, §^ j^^ li t'oi ; 
fond of the pleasures of the 



table, l^^tfc:^ shi' m 
''yum shik ; don't shake 
the table, p^ ^ ;f J 'mai 
ngo t'oi ; census tables, ]^ 
^ ''paan tsik, pleasures 
of the table, ^ jj^ shik 
luuk. 

Table-cloth, ^^—-^^ t'oi 
/^o"* y/fli{ chc'iuuj. 

Table ornaments, (small), ;ji^ 
^ r/if'^/Zc' p'eng, g^ff 
wai p'eng '^tsai. 

Tablet, j{^ p'aai, ;^ ^e, 
(ancestral) )ji}|]±)j]^ shan- 
^c/«<e-*p'aai; the ante-burial 
tablet, ^^ -^ leng wai ; 
follow the tablet to the 
grave, ^ ^ foo leng; 
bring back the tablet, [gj 
pi^ ooi leng ; burn the 
tablet (at end of mourning), 

ancestral tablets, ^^ j|^ 
leng p'aai ; grave tablet, 
^^Sl muuk pi \ templa 
tablet, y^^^ shek pi ; the 
Imperial tablet , (set up in 



TAB 



531 



TAB 



a temple), -^ ^ j\i^ ^ 
ch'eniig sliaang luuk wai"*; 
travellers' talk is as public 
as a tablet record, ^ _|^ 

tf A p fi n ^-' 

sheuiiK^ hang van ^hau ts'ze 
pi; tablet with inscription, 
coronet worn by women, 
i^ ^ waang ngaak ; a 
tablet held in the hand at 
audience, -^ i^ shaii 
^jiaan ; tablet (stating num- 
ber of inmates) hung up 
at house-doors, :g^ f^ j^ 
p'aai moon ch'^aa/c^; a votive 
tablet, ^^^ pin ngaak, 

/I^iS P''^a' V'^- put up a 
tablet j[^(^ sheung ''jnn,- 
tablets of white quartz- 
powder, Q yj\; ;jl paak 
hi/i tszp ; the family tab- 
lets, f^li^ moon p'aai; 
the shrine-tablet of an 
ancestral spirit, fi^ ^ 
shan wai ; hold a tablet, 
i.e., hold office, |^ ^ 



chup fid, J£^ Cheng" fut; 
inscription on a tablet ^ 

y;w?; ivory tablets, ^ ^ 
nga p'aai. 

Taboo, ^fh Z'?/m' VA/, *fc 
^ /r?^;n yuung . 

Tacit, ^ ^ put in ; tacit 
consent, ^^ =^ mak Vi?/e. 

Taciturn, 5f^ §, )^% 'm- 
toh-ch''uiit-shiing. 

Tack, (nail) ^jt" f''"ff-^t.tm\ 
(.on))^J£naai'-e\me\^ 
-^ ^rM/''-chue , (in sailing), 
^ ^ ^/nien-ip'nimg, j^ 
^ /jv^i-p'uung ; dogs' tails 
tacked on to sable, i,e., 
incongruous, ^^ JS ^M 
^^ /rrn< mi tsuuk fiu ; go 
on the other tack, ^. .^ 
^chiien p'uung. 

Tackle, ^^ /n.jnung\ 

Tact, y^ gS f//t^-mau : no 



tact, ^ III ^ roo I'lap 

k'up, ^% Wl\ iS& % Sau 

ngaan mo c/nie ; a man of 

tact, B)] g ^ meng 'li 



TAG 



532 



TAF 



Tactics, H g, /'o-leuk, ^ 
Jai yunng'' ]^pi)f/ ; study 
tactics, ^•;^^ hok mo 



rgai 



Icung ch'uuiig- ; 



Tadpole, "S ^ ^^ lai- 
hamg-*ne, t^^ff ang 
ong ^tsai; tadpole char- 
acters, $J'4fei-^ foh ^tau 
mun, $7fi|^.^^ foil ^tau 
mim tsze . 

Tael, ^ ^It'irng; two taels 

of silver, pijl^^g ^leung 

leung *iigan ; ten taels in 

weight, -|^ iP5 1 



S shap 
ten taels 
make one ingot, (mot.), six to 
half-a-dozen, -f-pH — -^i^ 
shap "^leung yat teng^ (1 
Tael=579.84 grs., or about 
1^ oz. silver). 

Taffeta, || /runi\ 

Taffrail, jlgflfg M shuea 
*^mi sliik 2^f'f'i>f. 

Tag, ^ ^^ $f r^'^^«^ taaf 
chum. 

Tail, ^ 'mi, -(j^ ^ t'iu- 
'mi, (cue) ||^ jt^m; grab 
him by the tail, ^ ^^ 



every one has a tail, -^ 

'mi ; head and tail, v>., first 
and last, "j^^ 5///^a< 'mi, 

IS >^ t';ia mi; \^c^g the 
tail, fj|g^ jiw^''' mi ; pub 
the tail between the legs, 

5fe Jl W 'mi- !?§ ^ 
/^/jj mi : seize his tail, ^M 

^miufM ^'"^^ '^«"'* 

k"ue Arti^ feiig; ox-tail soup, 

tail featiiers of a peacock, 
^^M^-j ''l^uinig tseul^ 
mi leng ; you can't make 
a horn of a pig's tail, or, 
you can't make a silk purse 
out of a fiow's ear, (Jit.y 
ivory does not come out of 
a dog's mouth), ^ ;^/^ 
tti ^ft P tseung' nga pat 
ch^iitit kail ^hau. 

Tailor, gj Ijl ts'oi-fuung; 
S^TJ^f"^ ts-oi-*funng lo % 
a tailor's chalk-bag, ^ 
'^fiui toi . 



X. 



V. 



TAI 



533 



TAK 



Tailor - bira, ^ X-^ J| .1^ 

hmni- foo- niu. 
Taint,^ iin,'*^^^r//im- im; 
tainted ^ith worldliness, 

ts'eng ; a tainted reputation, 
^^ ch^au meng. 
Take-H^Vo//.:^ ninr/, :J^ nim, 
»(f (seimg, ^J 'ts^ne, }JJ 
yw, ^ *^k'aai, /c'arti', (up) 
^ clnip, (an opportunity) 
^ ^(^ sbing-A'A ; take a 
little more, |lg- \^ ^^ 
ngaam ti tim ; take it 
down, and do it over again, 

tso^ kwolt' ; take away the 
(peacock) feather (as a 

censure), :^^t£^ P^<^ 
hue^ fa •leng ; the bravest 
take the lead, ^^[rJU 
^f un yuung heung^ ts'in ; 
take a concubine, ^^ W^ 
naap di^tiimg ; take away 
that eye-sore, igci^iR^ 
■^J paat Ime^ Sigaan chuiing 
teng ; take a measure of it, 

S.— ^B, t°k y^^ t'iu 

34 



•to^; take up ink (with the 
brush), ■^ J ^ t'im mak ; 
take me for a fool, *^^ 
;^ /o/?^ ngoh ngoi ; take 
up water in the hands, \^^ 
D^^f^ /a?<rt-SAM/; take a 
mouthful of tea, nlflPjH^ 
haap taam ch'a ; take an 
airing, i.e., cool one's self, 
p:^ ^ ^'^'^^ leung ; take 
the breast, [^ ^ c/h^^^' 
nin ; take your own time 
over it, -ft # |ffi f; ^f 

i. ■' ' 7 5 ) 

tso sze mo Icup maan ; 
take out of one's wages, 
^l] m ^ ^'^'^^^^ /c?«/«<7 
ngau ; all but taken in, 

% Wi ± '^ ^^^«^«^ ^* 

*^sheung to??5'^ take me- 
dicine, -^ 1^ shik yeuk, 
H^^ fuuk yeuk ; he takes 
me for a fool, '(g'g'fl^^ 

k'ue tong ""ngoh pun^; take 
a little, ^ *^- U^ ts'mg 
W-eng ti ; take by the hand, 
^ -^ c/«//^ s/<^?< ; take 
one off for a walk, :^ y^ 

Hj f^f ^'^*' yan c/i'2/?<^ /rrtrt/; 



TAK 



534 



TAK 



take upon one's self, 

Y ^ me *"sbeung shan ; 
I won't be taken in by you, 

Peng ni Pii>ii'; take the 
law into one's own hands, 
{Ut., my fists are bandy, the 
lawisnot),^5|^jg:'g 
IfJ'^^ k'uen t'au tsoi^ 
'k'an Jcoon foo tsoi uen; 
to take a wife, ^ ^ ^ 
is^ue^ sail "^foo; not to be 

taken in, Pg^A^S ''" 
shau yan sup ; take it off 
irith a bamboo, 'f^'^^ 
•jB in, chuuk '^Uu Vue ; 
take the portfolio under 
your arm, ^^ ^ ^^ kip 
shue kip ; take the fee at 
gambling, j^ Jg ch'au 
t'au, ^ ^JC cli'au shut ; 
take a little leisure, :^|^ 
ch^au haan ; take it with 
the sleeves, i.e., take it 
reverently, jg|^ '^k(^' tsaxi^; 
to take up rubbish, ^^|^ 
fut laap saaj/; to take 



in sail, J^ IJJ^ ^kaam "^li ; 



take off one half (of the 
i^eight), J^ — ^ U Vi:artw 
y«^ kuet ; take hold of the 

handle, ^HMf^m 
cha chue'' ko/i t'iu }Jeng^- 
take an exact copy, i^SRlj^ 

•^ — ■^ ^^^ ^^* ^''^^^^ 2/^^ 
*yeung^; take over an office^. 

^ i^ tsip^ yum^ take 

over the seals, ^ffl tsij/ 

ycin^-. to take delivery, ^fe 

i|^ Utp shau, ^'§: tsij/ 

shau , ^^y\ ^^''P^ y^H^ 5 ^^ 
take in hand, :^ -^ fs/}?^ 
s/irtw ; to take orders for 
work, i.e., to contract, ^^ 
:^ sheng tsip ; to take 

^^^5 J^ lii ^^''^''^ dt'-uut ; 
to take off or away, ^( 
■^ fe'2/e /ii^e ; to take 
publicly, i.e., fairly, ^'^ 
imiing ^ts^ue ; take secretly, 
illegally, ^J^ s,s^ Vs'we; 
take your choice, 1^1$® 
ts'ui ni pin''; take out to 
•^^T, Wi\'i:mfL ning 
clihait Ime^ shaai kohn ; 
kis baggage takes up too 



TAK 



585 



TAK 



much room, fe^lS?!"^ 

hang 'li yiiiing^ tP fong 
Paai^ toh: take off the cloth, 

tg,Kj M iS ffi '^"' ^'^ 

kok faai.^ jfi) ; you may take 
away a man's life, but not 
his good name, ^B. ^ 'l|^ 

tak seng meng^ tim jjat 
tak ts'eng meng ; I take it 
jou are wrong, ^^fjt 



?^ ngoh fonQ 'ni hai^ 
is'uU^; whom do von take 

n^e for? jS^^^^m^ 
'ni ^0/?^' ^ngoh shi shiii ; 
to take a cold, ^ J^ 
sheung fuung, '^ -^ ^ 
'laang shmnifi fuung; to 
take fire, ^^ clieuk VoA; 
to take the place of, /[-^ 
7^ toi' i'rti ; to take a 
turn in the garden, ^ ^ 
^ ^ — "^ tsoi /« ueu 
hang gal chau\ to take one 
thing with another, ;;^^^ 
aj* laai ^cW-p Ica'i ; to take 
the liberty, |[^ horn ; to 



take time to do, ^ ^ 
^j^ tak haan c/i/'' tso^ ; 
to take along with tea, 55^ 
^ .suuiig' ch"a ; to take 
leave of a friend, ^-^ 
/tm «////;/ ; to take lea re, 
^ ^ ko' ts'ze, f^ ^Ij 
ts'ze pit ; to take a bath, 
j^ ^ mi shan ; to take 
share or part in, ;^ '^ 
'yau fun^; to take place, ^: 
^'J ''hue hang; to take the 
field (in war), |^ ^ hoi 
Cheung"* ; to take btock (in 
business), |^ ^ ch'ue 
foh* ; to take wing, ^-^ 
fi hug' ; I take it, z^ |^ 
^M ngoh tai tak ; to 
take down evidence, Jh 
p-^ sheung haukuung; 
to take counsel, ^ -^ 
sheung leung ; to take 
exception to, pS pb ^^ 
'm chuvng i : to take 
notice, Jg *C1> fg {£ lau 
sum h't chue^; to take care, 
>J>'C1^ -sm sum-, to take 
to one's heels, ^ isazi 



TAK 



536 



TAL 



to take for, lik"^ 'i wai, ! 
{^® toi' 'tsHie; to take 
to,.fjJ;,gueti'; to take in 
a newspaper, ^5^0tH 
^ Snaai ^ts'ue san mun 
'cM; to take tea, -ffe ^ 
^yum ch'a; to take a seat, 
^ *^ts'oli; to take a look 

at, ^ '^ hohn^ yat 

Jiohn; to take a criminal, 
W-^}^ chunk faan'; to take 
by force, ^^M ^'^"°S 
^ts'2ie; to take in tow, jJI 
3^ ^yan toat^ to take 
charge of, f ^ ^ Im 'li; 
to take down scaffolding, 
^WJ^ t7i'fw/c' p'aang 
lea; I took him for an 

official, ^i^M"^^ 
*^ngoh ^koo ^k'ue hai^ koon; 
to take liberties, ^^^'flcS 
pat i *^lai; to take rise, ^ 
"hi, ^ yau; to take to 
business (as opposed to a 
profession) ^ ^ ^g^ tso 



s^ajiv/ /; to take a man's 

word, ^ A 21 W -^^^"^^ 

yan clii in; to take to task, 

^^ cliaak ma . 
Talc, S # S wan-'mo- 

shek. 
Tale, (a) — :^-^ ya^tuen'- 
^koo', to tell tales, ^^ 

Tale-bearer, p g^ '/*««^-s^o^- 

Talent, ;;^ ts'oi, gg^ nang 

A-o/in', yj" ^ ts'oi /;:oArt\ 

TJi^ ^jjoon sze'; hia whole 

appearance indicates talent, 

— ^A/t' y''^ 'p'"' y^"" 

ts'oi; talents, ^^^ tsse 
kaak^', without any talent, 
^*^*» shue mo 
^^won sze'; the highest 

talent, $fiTl*.W t^^^^*' 
'^teng ts'uung meng; extra- 
ordinary talent, ^^ ^'e 
ts'oi; a man of great talent, 

'^shau ke^ yan. 

Talisman, ^ foo, Ig^l^W 
k^ue ts'e foo. 



TAL 



537 



TAL 



Talk, ^ L'aain, ^ Icong^ 
^ wa ; holy talk with a 
wicked heart, ^ P i'^ 
*ti» f^t V<aM she ^«//^; talk 
till he is convinced, ^^J 

all talk (false hopes), i^ 
Y[lj ^'' *'"; abusive talk, ^- 

P IS: ^ /^'«''^' 



shiiet^ wa^ wild talk, ^. ' 
ggf maan wa ; to talk 
wildlv, ^^^ A'z maan ; 
^kong; let us talk it over, 

I^ i* ai ffl t'uung Si 
chum chum; have you been 
talkinir with a ghost? it 
^ ^ P^ kuung' ^Icwai 
^kong mc; the hum of 
talking, Plil^l^ Dgol 
leng leng; talk like a book, 

^ ^ ^S. ^^°^^^ i^^^ mak; 
street talk, ^M 



J _ ,tRj B^ tic 

kwoh k'iu «Aj/('/ wa'' 



incoherent talk, ij=, „„ , 
chim ^ue; lewd talk, |^W 
waP in; talk away (must 
have his say), ^ 



I chat kuon Icouy, senseless 

I ^^1^' sK ii "^ "ij^'i^ 

ngaam^ wa^; idle talk, ^ 
^ P paak ^/<rt/ V^rtw, ^ 
3J haan wa\ g^ |^ haau 
t'aam; don't talk so much, 
W^^^ Si mofoA 

tsui; interrupt in talking, 
Jil^ ch'aap' 'f.wi; filthy 
talk, iR ^ qfE # long^ 

ue fa in; glib and specious 

talk, %\l\^k^^ li^ '^^"» 
/a nga; to talk learned, ^ 

-J'HP< ^'^^ tsze ngaan; 
loud talk, ^1^ A-o t'aam; 
random talk, gg^^-t^^ 
wa pat t'au /.:/; it is 
difficult to talk with the 
people of Hoo-heang, T^ 
IPP H |a ^ oo' heung 
naau ue in. 

Talkative, ^'^ /w - ^o«^, 



iijr ^ W ''" "o^ yewj. 






toh hau. 



toh Usui, ^ p 



TAL 



638 



TAM 



Tall, 0jJ:o, ^^i0jshan^ 
Pai-ko; a tall person, |^ 
K ho yaii; tall talk, E^ 
SP B^ pi clieung hoi kue 
''hau. 

Tallow, ^pyj fA/-yau, (ox's) 
4^Vttl "S'^» yan, (sheep's) 
^Vft yeung yan, .^ ^g 
yeung chi; vegetable tal- 
low, :ff^y^ ^k'au yau, J^ 
vffi p'i yau; tallow candle, 
'^yfij/l'^ ngau yau chuulc. 

Tallow-tree, ;^ fl0 7J^ oo- 
k'au-muuk. 

Tally, (a) % cb'au, (to) f^ 
^ foo-bop; to tally with, 
J^ ^ foo ooi'*; the sun 
and moon tally (auspicious), 
H Jl k" ^ yat uet bop 

Tallyman, ^^m%Z 
^ j^ foli' ts^ong shau 
cb'au Jce^ koon tint'. 
Talon, Jf^ chaau; to tear 
with the talons, H^ '^^ 
chaau sut'. 
Tamarind preserves, j^^ ^ 
1cau tseuncf . 



Tamarind, ^^ -^ suen-^tsze. 
Tamarisk, ^ ^^ |:^j) shui- 

52:t>-"^lau, ^ ■^ iflj] /^oow 

?/H»; lau. 
Tambourine, .^j§I n^ taan- 

min -'^koo, ^^j^ V*'' ^^^^> 

^fc^SS ^aa/^ p'eng Vcoo, 

Tame, ^ shuuk, ^^-^^ 
Veung-^r?/c-shuuk, ^ ^ 
shuun-sbuuk, ^^^shuuk- 
sheng; tamed animals. 



^^ ts'nun ch^uuk; a tame 
tiger, ill it ^£ts'uun 
shuuk '•lo foo; a tame bird, 
111 WTu t^ ts'uun shuuk 



Siiu; be tames beasts and 

birds, n^mw^.Wi 

^ ^ 'k-ue kaaii' shau^ 
ue bcuk^ shuuk cM yan. 
Tameless, |^ ye, J^ shaang. 

Tamer,^ f^f^ilf^^SA 
haau shau ts'uun shuuk 
/ie^ yan. 

Tampering, -^^ s^'^«« ^<'^. 

Tampion, ));^^|^ jfaaii* chat. 

Tam-tam, 'Jx.^W,^ ^^^"^^ 

pin ^koo meng. 



TAX 



f)39 



TAP 



Tan, ^fj JJ: siuYh ft & 

Tan-vat, fg _g^ J^ m p'i 
ch'i, *g; Jj. ^ /««»«' p'i 
Jcont/. 

TaDg^ible proof, ^ |^ rktqy- 
hie , ^ /(^ '^pa-pmg^ ', no 
tangible evklence, ^-IP^ 

■j^ KlE '"^ ^''''^^'' killing 
cheny . 
Tangle, ;|5 ^ ft /^n fun 
laen'; why is it so tangled ? 

•fe Ife ffll SL '"«^ *'<''' 
Arow^ Inen'*. 

Tank,^^'^ sliek-eli'i; water- 
tank, -hryK^^ taai ^sliui 

- 44TJ" C > 

/i:o;?,i7, prj'^ /|^ s/itw" kwai , 

&^ ch'i t'ong. 
Tanner, J^^ p'i-tseung . 
Tantalizing, gg ff ^ gff 

lum-cban -in-^t'uen. 
Taouisni, 5^ ^ to' ZY^«n^ 

the fairy land of Taouism, 

M -^ LU ^^''"^"^ ^""° 
shaan. ^ |^ A;«*aw /con^^r; 

skill in the secret arts of 

Taouism, ^ fj '^ to' 

hang' shum. 



Tap, :tTj /''''^'^'^'' C'^'t ""^) ^ 

Tap, (a water) ^ p ^s//J«- 
^hau; to tap at the door, 
i^ P^ j/««^' moon, ^ 
P^ A</«?< moon; to tap a 

tree, ^ & ^ t^i '& 

/b;/_^' chiq) chhnit lai; to 
tap for dropsy, ^'^^ 
1^ /on/ cJi'iien ^koa 

cheimg\ ^^W<A< ^'"'^' 
^koo dipung^ shuL 

Tape, :^^^ min-sha- 

taai^; tape and thread shop, 

IS ^ £18 '^' ^^^^' P'',' 
Taper, (candle) /]>» j)^ ^^'i^ 

chunk; tapers curled in a 

flat coil, ^Hf laap 'j)cng. 

Tiipe-worm, J|] ^ ooi- 
ch'uung. 

Tapering, ^ A-<//», #gf| lum 
li, ^ §1 g| V5///i /oo«' 
^/ooi'; tapering fingers (lit., 
lily sprouts) ||^ 'ngau 
nga, i^ »g*:j;'f 's/wn kivut 
niu,^^§ts'u/chi ;taT[>evmg 

end, /j''^^ s^aa«< moot. 



TAP 



540 



TAR 



Tapestry, ^ ^ fa chin. 



Tapioca, g§;;)|t ^^^" ^i^i- 
Tapir, ^^ mak, ^ ^ paak 

Tar, Pg, ^.§vft i;rt-S»«-yau; 
to tar, JtPE'^Syft 'sheung 
2m ''ma yaa 

Taraxacum, ^ ^ ^ P'o 
kuung ying. 

Tardiness, j^'j^g ch'i maan\ 

Tardy, ^ ch'i 4^ maan . 

Tare and tret, ^ ^ mo 
chuung' ; deduct tare, ^ 
^ ch'ue mo ; extra assess- 
ment on tare and tret of 
certain articles, ^^ f^ ^^ 
lean ; how much tare is 
there, ^^^ /a'^ch'uung 
^uen. 

Tares, ^S^ pai' ; cockles and 
tares, |^^^ t'ai pai . 

Target, f g -^ \m-Hsze, ||J 
f^ sh;^ ^/., ^ g| fom^ 
to. 

Tariff, yg ^ 1^ Ml] V^^i- 
Tcwaan shut' tsak ; '^ ^^ 
A;a^ ts'in fot«;i ; import 



^hau shut' tsaJc ; export 

tariff, tilPlSM'J f^^'«"^ 

/i«2< shuP tsak. 

Tarnish, -^ ^ shat-kivong. 

Taro, ^B^ oo''-*t'au ; mealy 

W. ''fun kot' ; 



taro, 

taro leaves, ^^ oo' ip ; 
to roast potatoes and taros, 
i.e., secret selfish enjoyment, 

^ ^ fp -^ ^^^ ^^'^^ ^^ 
oo\ 

Tarpaulin, PE^.§yfi^ 'pci 

Syia yau j;o\ yg ^ yau 






lo""- /i;?t'o7^. 



Tart, (sour) ^ swen, (pastry) 
^ ^ min shik ; as tart 
as an orange, :^ \^ 
ch'aang kom' maan. 

Tart-fruit, ^ J 
^^^ .swe?^ ''kwoh. 

Tartan, ;Pii^ k'i-p'oon- 

Tartar, 'j^ ^^| *^Moon-cA«?<, 
^ -^ Muuug-Vwo, Tar- 
tars, ^^-^ taat tsze. 

Task, 32 1^ kimng-folv' ; an 
easy task, g,§c4}lL^ 
tariff, ^ p ^M"] J"P i^ tso"* ti kuung foo\ to 



TAS 



541 



TAS 



take to task, W-^ rhaak 
ma'; the daily task, the 
common round. Q )j/y 
M^^^ y-'^t yat 's/ioh 
tso"* Ice^ kuung foo. 
Task-master, ^ X 15^ ^ 
tcng' kuunij folc" ''che^ ^ 

Tassel, Jg^ V«-*sni\ |g 
liii sui""; lantern tassels, 
^ /r/;?// sui ; the tassel 
of a liat, fl)g^^ mo sui . 
Taste, 1^ i^ mi -to\ (to) 
'^ ^t'im, 1^ sheung; a 
bad taste, _^ p=fc f/i'«M' 
mi ; the slices of one orange 
all taste alike, i.e., share 
and share alike, ^^^'[fn 
^ fun kom t'uung mi""; 
taste it, fj ^|| |g 'pi \? 
t'im; lost its taste, j^ffij^ 
Vsrm mi'; not to my taste, 

Pg ^^ P ^ 'm hop 

ngoh Vir/« mi'; no taste 
for music, !^ P^ 2j^ "^ 
2)at shi' .s/i^;/y sA^X'; taste 
a little, gj^ — . |g ^t'im 
y^^^ t'im; leaves a (plea- 



sant) taste behind, P^ [e] 
l^ yau ooi mi'; a bitter 
taste, ^J^j^ 'foo mi'; for 
three months did not know 
the taste of flesh, ^ ^ 

^ ^ I^ B^ ^"""^ ^^^^ 

pat chi yuuk mi'; I do 
not know it, I dare not 
taste it, J^^3i:i<gjr 
!^ l/aii mi' taat pat kom 
sheung. 
Tasteful, ^^D^^l 'yaw mi' 

ti, 1^-^1195 1^^' ^^^'"* ^*- 
Tastefully, 2^ ^^ wa mi, 

llSlB ^'^^^ muuk. 
Tasteless, ^ "^t'aam. 

Tatterdemalion, ^ ^ ^2 
;^ mo laai" c/«' t'o. 

Tattered, ^^ ^^ laam-lue'; 
tattered garments, j^ 



:^^^ ;/o/i laan / sheung. 
Tattle, (to) ^ /igi'p, f^;^ 

"1^^ .s7iz<e^' shi shiief fi. 
Tattler, ^ ^ ^ M ia 

Ao' luung' shi' fi kej' yan. 



TAT 



542 



TAX 



Tattooed, ^ ^ m\m-shan\ 
to tattoo the face, ^ij ^ 
/.'..^ min^ f Ij 7g ^ i?^ 
r^ ts^ze^ fa tsze ue min''; 
to brand by tattooing, ■^jj 
^! ts^ilc tsze ; to tattoo 
the cheek of a criminal, 

tattoo the arm, ^^^ ^s^oh 
jiP; to tattoo the features. 

Taunt, ^^u'^ Iri-fsHu^. 
Tautology, M M ^ 
ch'uung/?«</i;-*wa, ^ J^IJ 

V« kicaaf, "^fM '^^"^ 
faan, Jfl' ^ /i;'2^e^ sue, 



wO^ ch'uung 
ch'uung faan faan hong. 
Tavern, ^^ jj^ Uau-Hm^ 
Tavern-keeper, ^^ ^0 1^ ^ 

Jj^ ^ ^ ^ 5m /s«?< 

^«m' A'e'* ^chue yan. 
Tawdry, ^^ Z'-?w?2^-*min\ 
Tawny, ^^ ''lo-wong. 
Tax, ^'Ijp] shin'-''heung, (to) 

shau-shui , j^ ^tlpj ^?co/i;^ 



^heung, ^ ^ t'in s/ziw', 
(metaphorically) ^^ ^Hri 
chuung mat; to levy taxes, 

® ;^ f'^° ^'™; t° ^^^^ 

up taxes, 0^'^»j^ foo^ iiaap; 
a tax levied on shops and 
markets, ^ "jfe" :j^ fong 
shi A':?^^;?; a house tax, ^ 
^|P fong li; the Likin tax, 
a levy on goods for 
military defences, ^^ ^^ 
li him; to remit taxes, ^^ 
5^ Snin leung; to pay 
taxes, ^^ j^ naap s/iwi ; 

$^ ii^ *^'^''^' naap; exact 
no taxes, ^^ 7^^^ shui'; 
to make taxes, and levies 

light, ^IS^ Pok ^''^^'*' 
lim ; to receive taxes, ij^ 
j^ s'/irti/- s/«</'; commu- 
tation paid in 780 A.D., 
for land-tax, corvee and 
tribute, ^ ^ ^leung 
shui^\ to evade taxes, ^^ 
^ lau shui ; to press for 
payment of land-tax, -^-^ 
/s'm' foil. 



TAX 



543 



TEA 



Taxation, ^ ^ s?u(i fo/v'; 
the throe forms of taxation 
before 781 A.D., viz., 
land - tax, state - labour, 
tribute on produce in kind, 
^ Jl^f saam foo^; the five 
forms of taxation under the 
Sung Dynasty, viz., rent 
of crown land, land-tax 
on private estates, tax 
on produce and manu- 
factures, and poll tax paid 

in grain, 5. ^ ^^^ f^^c^- 
Tea, ^ ch'a, (leaves) 1^"^ 
ch'a-ip; brick tea, i^ ^ 
diKen ch'a; refuse of tea 
leaves and stems, ^ ^ 
. ch'a moot; black teas, '^ 
^ ts'ent/ ch'a; Oolung 
(black dragon) teas, ^^ 
^i ^ '^^ luung ch'a; 
Paochung, ^f^;^ ^jmaic 
chining ch'a; commoner 
black (»>., dark red) teas, 
^ ^ huung ch'a; 
Congou, X ^ ^ 
Jcuung foo ch'a; Souchong, 



Pekoe, Q ^ §5 paak ho 
ch'a; green teas, g^^ 
luiik ch'a; gunpowder tea, 

^]^ ^ ^ •'"' ''^'^''^ ch'a; 
Imperial gunpowder tea, 

7U ^ ^ "®" '"'^"^ ^^'*» 
Hyson, ^B^^ hi ch'uun 

ch'a; old Hyson tea, l^ 
& ^ ^'i' P'i cii'a; young 
Hyson, jitM^ "go^i 
mi ch'a; Hyson skin, J^ 
^ p'i ch'a; scented capers 

^Ki^ ^^'"^ ^^^Q ch'a; 
scented tea, ^ ;^ /^^m^r 
ch'a; prepare tea, ^ 
tso'' ch'a; make 
])o ch'a; 
to pour boiling water over 
tea leaves, i.e., to mash tea, 
J^ ^ kuuk ch'a; to hand 
tea to visitors, ^^ hin^ 
ch'a; get tea ready, ^^ 
V«' ch'a; pour out tea and 
bring it in, 'glj^l^ % 
ch'a lai; do take teal ^^ 
^ t^ '^>/um ch'a cha\ 
tea-pot, ^ ^ ch'a oo; 
one pot of tea, — . ^^^^ 



t^'^^' ^ "^ 



TEA 



544: 



TEA 



yat 00 ch'a; tea-cnp, ^ 

ch*a 



i^ ch'a pool, ^ 
chuunr/; (tea-cup) saucer, 
^jjg ch'a shuen, ^ ^c 
ch'a tip; tea-caddy, ^^ 
ch'a seiing; tea Balooa or 
restaurant, ^ ^ ch'a 
^MC, ^ ^M ch'a lau; tea- 
shop (/.^., where the leaf 
only is sold), ^ ;j^ ch'a 
lura; the tea is strong to 

bitterness, ^ vl ?>) ?^ 
ch'a yuung io tijf; a 
covered tea-cup, ^^, ^^^oi 
(Jcoi ) clnnmg; a 
canister, ^^^ ch'a loon 
cliff {i.e., best) tea, 
ngaam ch'a; a decoction of 
tea-buds, ^ -^ /o/;; no; 
to smash a tea cup in 
takinp^ an oath, :JJ£ IcS- 
^ #S teng' ch'a jyooi 
shai^ ueu^; to fire tea, 'j^ 
^^Ipooi' ch'a; the following 
are the most favourite 
brews of tea to be had in 
native tea saloons; Lotus- 
nut Kernel tea, ^M -^ >|^^ 



tea 
3 



5}% 



lin '^tszt sum ch'a; Water 

Fairy tea, 3;}Cf[i|J? '^^*"* 
sin ch'a; Dragon-well tea, 

§^^^ luung tseng ch'a; 
Black Dragon tea, j^"^g 
^ 00 luung ch'a ; White- 
hair tea, Q ^ ^ Paa^ 
mo ch'a ; Red-Plum tea. 



nuun.f 



mooi 



ch'a ; Peace and Happiness 
tea, ij^ ^ ^ ^^^"^^ olm 
ch'a; Age and Distress tea, 
"S ^ ^ 'Aoo Io ch'a; 
Prince's Eyebrows tea, or 
the old prince's eyebrows 

tea, § j§ ^ ^'^'"'^ *^^i 
ch'a, or :^ ^ Ji ^ ^lo 
kivun *mi ch'a; Bushy 
Eyebrows tea, ^ % -^ 
shau' *rai ch'a ; Monkey 
Gathered tea, ,^ |g J^ 
ma lau mit. 

Tea-picker, flf ^ :^ chaak 
ch'a nue. 

Teapoy, ^ J[] ch'a-/«'. 

Tea-taster, 1^^ ch'a-sse. 



Tea-tray, 



ch'a p'oon. 



TEA 



645 



TEA 



Ira a It': to teach 



Teach, 
a school, 



% kaau hok, 
k(«nc' /coon; to be 
strict ill teaching, "^ 
^f fa kaau'; to teach 
theatricals, S ffl § 
ch'aai kicaan iiiuuk. 
Teacher, 5t ^ sin-shaan//, 
^ ^ '^cheiing-kaau ,- a 
teacher's salary, ^ "fl^ 
ch'uiik sail; to engage a 
teacher, ^ -^ ^ ^ts'-eng 
sin shnang; a teacher of 
boxing, ^^g]g k'uen 
kaai^ sze ; to visit a 
teacher, ^^^Jij kin *^lo 
sze; a female teacher, -^ 
gljj Siue ss^, or, gfjj ^ 
526 mo ; a strict teacher, 
j^ ^f|j im sze; when I 
walk along with two others, 
they may serve me as my 
teachers, ^Atl'-K*^ 

^ M M *'^^'" y^^ ^^«"& 

joi^ yau ngoh sze in ; they 
like to be teachers of 

otiiers, ^f g A 6rii ^^«' 

wai yan sze ; do you go 



home and search for it, 
and you will have 
abundance of teachers, 

tsze kwai 'i k'au chi ""yau 
ue sze. 

Teak, y^yfc *yau-muuk. 

Teal, ^< fjll %hw-*mp\ 
(mandarin duck") ^ ^^ 
uen-ye.unri ; a kind of teal, 

a crested teal, ^^ i^ koon 
foo. 
Team, — > ^^ yr/^^ hong, 
— ' (^ y^'^ chan , (of 
horses), — • |^ ^ yat 
''ngau ma, (of oxen), — • 

tS "^ •f"'^ \\^^Vi ngau; a 
team of four horses, ,^ 
^^ sze^ '■ma: hence, a 
coach and four, ,|| ,^^ 



s.3e^ ma ch^e. 



Tea-merchant, ^ j^ ch'a 

sheung. 
Teamster, ^ ue\ f^|^j,^ 
&. ^ ue' Sigau ma ngau 

^che. 
Tea-plant, ^ijjj ch'a shue''. 



TEA 



546 



TEA 



Tear, (to) ^)\ 1^ sze-foh\ 
^^k maalc' -\\t, (off) ^ 
'^chiii; a tear, [/.e., a slit], 
— • {!^ g^ ynt fc'iu lit; to 
tear or rip up clothes, ^ 
Z^ lit '/; tear open my 
mouth if ever I said so, 

hau laau ; to tear, in sense 
of drag or pull, :|^ j^^ 
laai ch'-c\ to tear one's 
dress by catching, ^^ ^^ 
3^ Vwaanrj laan^ sliaam ; 
tear it down ! g^fg^l® 
¥waang ""k'ne lok lai; to 
tear open, ^\ ^ 8ze hoi; 
to tear with the hand, -^ 
:^ sArtZf ssc; a large piece 
got torn out, 'j;f^ ^^ 3/^ 
^f laan ff^/i; taai t(iat ; 
to tear up paper, g ^IJ 
?wa;«/£ cM; tear away, in 
the sense of strip off, i^ 
^S f^2«'i /<?; to tear out 
^|ij V^^ ch'iad. 
Tears, '^ lui', B^; '^ 
*"ngaan-lui^; to shed tears, 

& ^M y"i' ^"^'' T I 



ha^ l^^i'. '^0^'^ lau 

Sigaan lui''; to rain tears, 
l^'^ Sie lui ; hitter tears, 

?i^. M ^''" 1"''; J^ears 
bedewed his coat, |& Y^ 
1^ lui'' chim Jc'um ; tears 
wet his cheeks, ^^^MB^ 
lui ■* yeng soi; tear drops, 
(lit. pearly tears) J^ ;^ 
c/«<f lui ; traces of tears, 
^ ^ lui han ; eyes red 
with tears, *^ ^g lui^ 
ngaan; wipe away tears, 
^*^ Snuu lui^ to think 
of with tears, Vji" W t/z^;? 
ssf; shed flood of tears, 

•/iL ii tr T y"i^ «^*^' 

hong ha ; to prostrate one's 
self with bitter tears, y^ 

jfil IS Si ^^'^^ ^"""^^ *^^'^''''*" 
song; incessant tears, ^^ 

^jj]^ lin i ; bathed in tears, 

^ g jg^jjg %ung muuk 

shaan shaan ; crocodile 

tears (lit. the fox mourning 

the hare's death), ^ ^ 

when one is eating one's 



TE.V 



547 



TEC 



own, he cats till the tears 
come, but when he is 
eating at another's expense, 
he eats himself into a 
perspiration, ftg g B^fl^, 

tsze' ki ft ijacm c/t'uut lui^ 
loi, tjaalc^ yan Jca U yaal^ 
cW-uut hohn loi, 
Tease, H % naan-wai, j^ 
•gjjg //rt^;irt^<, (comb) J^lJ 
Shaath, (with a bow string) 
5^ t'aau, (oakum) ^p/l^ 

Teasing, ^ {^ /o/i-soA, 

§^^ ^/'"^ /^''?^ 
Teat, ^ gg 'naai-t'au, -^ 

gg ^le-t'au. 
Techuic, Technical, g ^ 

1^ ki ngai^ U\ a teciinical 

shuuk ki^ ngai ke^ tsze\ 
Technology, jg B ;S ^ 
ki^ ngai' ke hok. 



Tedium, ^ j^ /rt kuen'. 

Tedious, ;^^ ch'enng-/i/'; 
tedious questioning, ^^ 
:|ijj^ ch'a ch'a ^la Ui. 

Teem, ^ shaang, ^ ^ 

ch'aan shaang, yS "^moon; 

these seas teem with fish 

and water-fowl, |Jj*Jf^^ 

ue /o/i .§/«// niu. 
Teens, +^^^+;ft, 
^ shap sa.am siii^ chi^ 
shap Vfa?^ sui^; a girl in 
her teens, Pj" ^ ;2 ^ 
Ao7i ^a' Zee line. 

Teeth, ^ nga, "g^ 'chH- 
nga; molars and upper 
front teeth, ^ g nga 
^chH; a set of teeth, — g(] 
^ 2/«^ /<?o^ nga; teeth 
chattering with cold, ^ 

kira,-^ teeth firmly set, ;^ 

H^^ nga kwaan ^kaa 

paP; strong teeth, t,e., 

argumentative, ^^ nga 



TEE 



548 



TEE 



lik; the teeth of a saw, ^ 
1^ kue cli'-i; the teeth of 
a comb, ^"^ slio chH; to 
clench the teeth in rage, 
^ 4H ngaau han^; to 
gnash the teeth, ^^^{^3^ 
^ngaau chiie^ nga; to pick 
the teeth, ^\\^ t'ek nga; 
to interlock the teeth, ^ 
^ ^^ Icaau nga ^kom\ 
projecting teeth, P^*;^ 
shaif' nga; to grate the 
teeth, 3^|g|P^ nga shai' 
shai'; to gnash the teeth, 
•^^ tsHt" ^ch'i; to cut 
teeth, [tj ^ ch'uut nga, 
^ 3" ^^^'^''^^W nga; front 
teeth, i.e., the incisors, m 
■^ moon nga; the canine 
teeth, ^ ^ ^foo nga; to 
extract teeth, j^ Jp pat 
nga; the milk (i.e., first) 

teeth, -^'L ^ "® "^^■^' 
artificial teeth, ^ ^ 
sez<?25' nga. 

Teething, [ij3^ ^'A'?'"^ nga. 

Teetotaler, ^if M ^ ^'^^^^ 



Teetotnm, ^ ;2g ch^e-^me, 
^^ A^wy^i^ cA'^; to twirl 
a teetotum, i^ J^ ^ to 
fuung ch^e; ficlgetty as a 
teetotum, ;^;^p-U'^ c^'e 
^me 7com^ chueir' . 

Telegram, ^ ^g tin' joo\ 

^^ tin^ mun. 
Telegraph, (electric) ^ ^j^ 
tin -po^; to lay a telegraph 

cable, ^j^MBWi '^^ 
forig^ tin"* sin t'uung; 
telegraph operator, :}*J* ^ 
^^^ to tin^ po^ '^die. 
Telegraphy, ^ |^ <5^ tin' 
y hok, fl;$B;ia tm 
^?o chi '■li; wireless tele- 
graphy, ^llfl; mo si?i' 
tin\ 
Telephone, fg # ^ ^«^f 
luut-/'/<<<;i/7, 
^ii>;^\ ^g 
yum t'unng; (to) fj^^ 
Jg[^ /^ ^ Va to/c luub 



ti^ 



^ ch'uen 



tsaic che . 



L y to ^r</c 
fuung ch'nen sze . 

Telescope, ^MSt ^s'^''*-'li- 
kpjuf . 



TEL 



549 



TEL 



Tell, ^- J31 wa' chi, 

(com niancl)Ri|- /.'/«\ (stories) 
W^ ~^ '^^^ong- koo, (-tale) 
P $^ hau-Sihoh, (lies) 
m'Ku^ ^A'o;?^-taai'-wa'; 
telIme,^||3aiga^Z'.«<7 
Iciroli^ iigoh r/(/; tell me 
what to sav. 



stories, 
miiiinf;^ -na^ 



Z"«rt// Sigoli tim ^konfi; 
tell the truth, BS ]( ^ 
<•/«■«' chek ^hong; please tell 
me, 1^' ^ V.j'?^^' ^'o'; to 
tell uutrutlis, ^p^ saat 
fong; how could you do it 
before being told ? ^P§ 

;5t^ •''''' '™ *"^ ^^"i?"?; to 
tell dreams or absurd 

to tell a fib, 

to tell all one knows about \ 
a matter, i.f., to make a 
clean breast of it, ^^ }^ 
^^ fail i? shuef ; tell him 
to come, 3^fgl^ '■" 'k'lie 
lai; to tell the news. -^^ 
^ ch'uen san mnn; to 
tell one's fortune, ;|£ ^ 
;^5 



'•/(?«j£ yuung shan; to 
tell what people say, ^^ 
^ shnut fthuet^; hard to 
tell, H^ ilJl^ naan shuet ; 
every shot tells, |^|t^ 
Ftf fs^eung fs^ewig to 
chiiung; to tell as we go 
along what we have heard 
on the way (said of 
falsehoods, statements with- 
out proofs, news without 
foundations, ete) ^ S^ 
Wn ^ 1^ to' Veng i t'o 
shuef. 

Telluric, ^Hfl^ ti' //, J- hJ^ 

fo ^/; to obtain telluric 

luck by sleeping on the 

ground in a temple, ^:fc^ 

^ ^ta i? hi\ 

Temerity, ^ |^ mo -'^him. 

Temper, J$ % ^'i-hi\ ^^ 



'j)un-kaak\ >'^ |g 
seng' ts'eng, ^ '[^ /// 
smg , (to temper steel) ^ 
-^^ kin^- shid; an obstinate 
temper, |^. ^ ?|| p'i hi 
ngaang ; a man of fiery 
temper, ^'142 A ^'"1' 



TEL 



560 



TEM 



yan; 
c. 



good 



seng Ice 

tempered ^^, V/o ^Iwig, 
l^f^^ /i^'in??. talc naau^; 
bad tempered, Pg j^f S 
*@* 'iri V/o kcng kintf; a 

hot temper, j/^tt ^^'^^ 
sen/; a hasty temper '[^ 
^ seng" hip; to keep 

one's temper, ^^ ^ V«« 
A/"'; to lose one's temper, 
^ jfe /rm/^ no'; to give 
way to tempei-, {^ *^ 
yam sc/ig . 
Temperament, ^ '^ ^2^wi 
se)uj\ 1$'^ p4 sp/?^^', — . 

§tl jCx* K y^^ /^''^ ^^"' 

ch'eung, ^^ |§ «e;?/ 
ts'eng; of the same temper- 
ament |^>t>^;;lC t'nung 
sum kuung' shut; his 
whole temperament, — -^ 
Mj ^[^ gat tsuung ^pun 
seng^. 
Temperance, "Ifl tsii^, "^ 



V-A- 



tsit yuung\ ^ ^jj lim 
fotY'; temperance in diet, 
'Ifi #r ^ ^s</ V«"2 shik. 



Temperate, ■^j]^\l tsif-chai\ 
'^'^ tsit^-khn, (weather) 
"M^J^ ^rr^n-woh; temperate 
weather, '^^'^?(^^^ 
^^ 2)at "^laang jj«^ it tHn 
hi ; temperate language, 

'■ue; temperate zone, "^ 
5^ «'«n to . 

Temperately, ^^"^ ^ 7^«^ 
f'a«i' to/i; he eats tem- 
perately, fg^^^ Vue 
•m tok shik. 

Temperature, *^ ^ ^ 
^laang-it-fun^ ^ ^ Ai' 
hau . 

Tempest, ^; J^ ])o^-finmg, 

SL^M ^ f^ fuwig-'m- 
taai -tsoJc^. 
Tempestuons, ^ Jg^ p@ BJJ 
tohfuung ue//; tempeatuous 
weather, M M ^ M 
fuung ue ^'m /«'; the 
weather here is exceedingly 
tempestuous, ^^^^ 
/^^H^ ;ji sAi^e' tin hi 
kek tohfuung. 



TKM 



551 



TEM 



Templo, jg^ tia'-t'oiig, 
^ iiiiu^-fong, (an idol-) 
jpffi ^ shan-miu , •miu ; 
ancestral temple, ^ ^H 
tsuimg niin\ j[[§^ ^S /so 
raiu', jjjp)^ ts'ze t'ong; 
the Grand Temple, i.e., 
that of the Duke of Chow, 

^ j^ ^'^^^^ miu^ a 
temple built to contain a 
tablet recording the name, 
surname, and good qualities 
of a living individual, ^ 
JliPj shaang ts'ze; a temple 
to Confucius, ^j^ shemf 
miu'; a temple attendant 
or keeper, I|jj ^ miu' 
chunk; to go to the temple 
for worship, Jj^^B sheung 
miu^ a temple of the 
goddess of mercy, -^ ^ 
^ sJiiii uet Tcuung; the 
Honam temple at Canton, 

(ch'ong) tsze ; temple of 
the tutelary god of walled 
towns, ^ pi ^ sheng 
wong miu ; a temple for 



the Emperor's tablet, 
^^ maaii' shau' hmng; 
a temple, — ll| f ^ yat 
shann moon; temple ])uilt 
by subscriptions, ±g j^ 
chill t'ai; when he entered 
the Grand Temple, he asked 
about every thing, [an 
excuse for iuqnisitiveness] 

Paai miu' "^mooi sze' mun'; 

the temple (of the head), 

^^^ ngaak kok . 
Temporal, 4^ "tH: BJJ hum 

shell ti; ^ itt Ijg^ tong' 

shai^ ti. 
Temporarily, ^[i$I]^ tsaam' 

shi ti; ^ JIL tsaam che, 

-^"^"^ ^^fl'^ shenng ti. 
Temporary, ^ \^ tsaara''- 

shi, ^^P^ tsaam'-shi- 

^/^ If ^^«6(| /^ 'weng 
kau ti; temporary dwelling, 

shoh, ^^ tBaam' chue'. 



TEM 



552 



TEN" 



Temporize, [^ 0$ U ts'ui- 

ts'ui shaC hue pin , '^ 

B# ffi iS ^^6 s^^i i'^'^' 
Puung, ^ n^ ch''im^ shi. 

Tempt, ^ ^ .s/</'-\vaak, 
^ 1^ yau-waak, HI ^ 
\yan yaii; to tempt men 
to wickedness, ^^ ^ "^ 
35. vau van wai oh . 

Temptation, ^ ^ ^^^ 
waak; beware of temptation, 
fire will burn, (lit., dry 
wood close to fire), ^^ 
vB| ij^ holm cb'aai pang'* 

Tempter, ^ ^ ^ 'yau 
waak cA^, -^^|^ /c«?( 
^yan V^e, ^ ^ moh 
kwai. 

Ten -|- :f^ shap; ten to 
one it is a qnarrel about 

money, + Pfifc ;t ^ ® 
shap am kcm chciang ngan ; 
nine to ten it won't 
sink, i.e., the odds are in 

his favour, +y>t;^°yfl 
shap ch'um kau p'o; ten 



thousand to one he will 
live, ^ — • j;^ maan yat 
sze; there's fully ten thou- 
sand, ^ ^ t|S ^ sheng 
maan"* to yau; ten to one 
he will die, -|- ^P — ■ 
^ shap ''sze yat sliaang; 
one cash sale is better than 
ten on credit, -j-' R^ "^ 

yat in'; after ten days, 
p^-p Irialc^ shap yat; 
a stanza of ten lines, ^ 
Y-|" irin shap; in a hamlet 
of ten families, there must 
be one that is honourable 
and sincere, ^ ^ ^ j^^ 
'if^ ^ ;@- 1i^ ^''ap 5Ar/^ 
c/w' v/?{/; j32'r yau chming 
suun\- what ten eyes behold, 
what ten hands point to, 

shap muuk ''shoh shi shap 
shall shoh ^chi; if you let 
it have one day's genial 
heat, and then expose it 
for ten days to cold, (said 
of doing things by fits 



TEN 



553 



TEX 



and starts) — ' Q ^Z 

+ 0^:2: f/"f r^^^ Po' 

c/ii sbap yut holin rhi. 
Tenal)lc, pf ^ llfl^ ^^'('^^ 
^.shau a, ^ f§ "tfe ^«^'^" 
talc chne ; the fort is 
tenable, itt ^^ « pI JS 

Tenacious. JQ ^ V'-s^^at' 
^^ngan'-i.'i,|3ngan; 
tenacious of their property, 

k'i /w iji. 
Tenaciously, ^ /.v"'\ ^ ^m. 
Tenacity, ^ ^ a^ yau 

kaau //. ^ ^ /://« cJmp. 
Tenant, ^ //rw/.-\ >g| ^ 

p'-o -haaJc , ^ ^ uu/c 

Jiaak ; to tenant, ^ A;?/(!>, 

Ten<-1^ ^H 'waau-*ue, -fs^ 
fi§ "@ taai^-t'au-*ue; the 
black tcncli, ffi r5$ /i«/; 
"■waan; the red tin tench, 
§B^B§.? hak shek ^waan. 



Tend, (attend) ^ ^ /">/<»- 
chue\ (the sick) ^ ^ 
fuuk-sze\ (towards) ^ 
heiuuj , $6[ r///'', P^ ooi; 



^{■T/ 



to tend a baby, ^ 
Y^ /«'«?«' sea miin ^tsai; 
tend it carefully, ^ jV][i> 
fife^g^fS /'«' sum ki ts^au 
'k'ue; to tend cattle, J^ 
2fc. muuk ngau, ^ ^ 
Ao/«i ngau; the mind tends 
towards, ;^[mJ f/it' lmmrj\ 

Tendency, [w] /iejm/, ^ 
[h] ^s'i^e heiuuf, ^ [w] 

taai^ i^- the tendency of 
the mind, j^^^ ^ fpj) -^^'^ 
^shoh Immrj; a tendency 

to sleep, §Jv^ 5"^^"^^ ^^^"^' 
natural tendencies, ^ g^ 
leung nang; inherited ten- 
dencies, i^^ ch'an tsik; 
a tendency towards drink, 



TEX 



554: 



TEN 



Tender, (soft) 

num- uen, (brittle) 

ts^ui\ ^ ^ j& at '^p- 

up-ts^ui , (hearted) ^ 
;\^N \\%\\-snm, (young) ^ 
nuen'', -^^ "^Z^-^' nuen^; 
tender in years, ^ ^_g ^ 
nin hi nuen'; tougli and 
tender, y^ ^ lo nuen ; 
tender flesh, |^ j^ yuuk 
nuen"*: tender as a sprout, 

58^ ® Pij- M '^^"''^ P^i 



iconv' nuen\ 



Tender (a) ^ jg 7^/w-t'au; 
a tender, connecting boat, 

WL Jl5 ^^^^^^ shuen; to 
tender, :^ ^ t'au piu, 
:^ M t'au nieng; to put 
in a written tender, ^^^ 
t'au mak; to tender one's 
resignation ^^ {|gj(^ ts'ze 
chelc. 
Tender-hearted, jg S^ 
ts'ze sum ti. 



Tenderly, ^ nuen , J/J 

Pilling 01 . 
Tenderness, ^ ts'ze, S 
ch''uimg. oi" . 



,^ 






Tendon '^ Zro*. 

Tendril, ^ ^ ///(!< toi\ 
^ /aro« s^e, 1^ ^ fang 
SO; to send forth tendrils, 

^S K 5^ tU ^'^^''^^ ^y^'nmg 
p'ong cW-iiut, 
Tenement, ^ Kvk, ^ cliaak, 
^ ^ ?/(^/^ Sie; land and 
tenements, Q i^\!j ^ ^ 



t'in ti link ue. 



Tenet, ^g| to^ ^li, ;f ^g^ 
^■' «-^'' fl^^ t'iu 'li. 

Ten-fold, "f^^ sliap "^p'ooi. 

Tennis, /\\ ^ J;j^ ^s«< j^oA 
k'au; tennis-court, ij^ W^ 

Tenon, j^^ ^ sw?<;2-t'au, 

nga ^suwi; tenon and mor^ 

tise, if'I^^P '^s^rz^n maau. 
Tenon-saw, ^^ ^I'uii kue . 
Tenor, -^ ^ taai'-/''; "^ 

[h] i -heung\ •^[o] /'«<« 

heiing^. 
Tense, ^Zc/?;?'', (in grammar), 

he shi hau\ 



TEX 



655 



TEX 



no 



Tension, ^^ -^"/^^ Hk, 
;ft chmng lik, ^j/j 
lik. 
Tensor, 5M5^ r/irung Jean. 
Tent, (a) ijj^ ^ clieiiny - 
•fong, ^ijlg ?'('' Cheung'; 
the general's tent, i^^lj^ 
tscung hwiin chcung' ; to 
pitch one's tent, i.e., to 
open a school, g^tjj^ ''-'i'^^ 
cheung . 
Tentacles, ;;r[c':&^ 41^ ;J^P 
^ s/i2// tsuuk mat ke^ 
hau so. 
Tentatirc^Uj^ s/u ti. 
Tenth, ;^-f- tai'-shap, (part) 
~f* ^ — • shap-fun -yat; 
add a tenth, j^p — .:j^ ha 
yat ch^au; the tenth moon, 
^ ^ leung ueb; seven 
.'tenths, ^ jiS; /.s'«^ t'eng; 
the tenth day of the moon, 
-' ?7y~h B ^'^^'^'/i shap yat; 
got eight tenths, -f- ^ 

■.S /\ s^^'^P sheng tak 
-paai . 



Tennre, (manner of holding 
real estate), ^jp ^ >^hau 
ip; the five tenures under 
Yao, ^J3^ ^iij:; fuuk; the 
nine tenures of the Chow 
dynasty, ^L^ ^^mxi. fuuk; 
fields held under common 
tenure, _^ [JJ mun t'in; 
fields held uuder military 
tenure, ijtl] t'uen t'in. 

Tepid, 'J^ *"nuen, ^^ 
ivwx it; tepid water, J^ 
ij^ ^ TlC """'^ xxMLtxi ke^ 
^shui. 

Term, (time) |$^^ liaan'- 
k'i, (word) f^Bi wa^-t'au; 
not on speaking terms, ^ 
;|;g|^ jTit seiing kiii'; the 
eight solar terms {i.e., 
beginning of each season, 
the equinoxes and the 
solstices), yV'Mj P'^cit' tsii'; 
the twenty-four solar terms, 
i.e., the periods when the 
sun enters the 1st or 15th 
degree of a zodiacal sign, 



TER 



556 



TER 



szi tsit' hP ; collect bills 
at the quarter terms, i|^ 
'^R^ shau tsit' chmng^; 
term for payment, ^ ^ 
^^ /;:«fl'2< ngan chi k'i; 
on good terms, j^ ^ 
seimg ''ho; for a term of 

life, ^^Z.{K P^^i 
shang chi kau; in general 

terms, 7(^^^^ pat 

teng chi wa . 
Termagant., 'f^^ ind "^foo. 
Terminate, ^^ kit mi. 



Termination, l|^J^ shau-mi; 
the termination of a bu- 
siness, 4iS-f|4ffi ^^^^"^^ff 
I shau p'oon; the termina- 
tion of a line, ^ ^>^ 
^ t'iu hong Jce ^mi; 
the termination of a road, 
P^ZM t'lalo^Z:.^ 
mi; the termination of life, 
4 'S ^ s7?««?i^ ^e"* 
chuung; the termination of 
the year, ^£ ^ nin mi 
^ J|^ nin *^maan; the 
termination of a contract, 
'a i^I ^ Si ^OP t'LUing 



uen k'i; the termination of 

a lease, g MM ^^^ ^'^ 

Snoon. 
Terminology, r^ ^ meng 

liok, IS ;g ^J li maan' 

meng ^tsuung luun\ 
Terminus, ^ icc(ai\ ^ |$^ 

^fWi^ haan , ^ mi. 
Termite, Q ^ paak ngai. 
Termly, ^^ 'mooi k'i ^ 

^ chuuk k'i, ^ lis 

^mooi /s/^\ ^^HflJ 
teng k'i rt. 
Tern, ^ %%if paak aw 
'•fcsai. 

Ternary, ^^HJ^ ^^'^'" ^'^''^^ 

^/. 
Terrace, ^^ fm-*toi, ^ 

toi; a beacon terrace, ^-^ 

^^ ^2a/» t'oi. 
Terra-cotta, [5,^ gg t'o hi. 

Terrestrial, ^i:-4Pj^ 3^""^ 
ti' a, -4^-[M:l)J5| kian shai^ 
ti; terrestrial spirits, ^|j 
jJjA ti' Bhan. 



TER 



557 



TER 



Terrible, jtf ^^ 'ho-kaau- 
kwaan; tlic shock of the 
collision was terrible, ^ 
^ ^ IS lc)i .s7t«A^ slmm^ 
maang; a terrible castaa- 
trophe, '^ j^^ taai^ 
2mng paai . 

Terribly, g ||^ 'maang ti; 

terribly afraid, ^ ^ ^ 
T^p^ pi' 1:oh to Siio yuiik. 

Terrier, ^§,%^ lip oo 

Terrific, p]"^ lioh. kcng, 

•Flfi leiig yan kue'. 

Terrify, ^ffi^ ^^^w^ haak^; 

terrified nie, ^^^ ^ A««/c' 

ngob; frightfully terrified, 

^ ^ ^ ^'^'^-^ ^^"^ ^^°* 
Territorial, i-|jl ^^flj^ ti' fong 
ti; a territorial subdivision, 
— ' ^m '^^'^ shuuk; a 
territorial right, i-jjl">^^ 
]^ ti' fonff chi k'uen. 
Territory, '^^^fuung keung, 

Vo ti', i-tli;;^ ti' fong; 






to cede territory, |||J ;^^ 

/ro/i^' ti ; deprive of 

territory, ^^'1;^ seuk ti'. 

Terror, /|^ j|i^ ^suung-lu}?, 

IM wrtZ-kue', ^^ 

huuk-^s'in</t, ^^ 

-m f/i«/i' kuc', '^^ 

s/^u»/. ^Inning; to strike 
terror into, "^ ^ J^i) '^ 
^ leng yan stoii kmg p^ci*-^ 
threw the spectators into 
a state of terror, "^ ^ 
^ J\a*'^ leng' koon ^clw 
sum kcng; a terror to the 
neighbourhood, — ■ ^ ftjf 

:^ S A ifc y^'^ /'^"^ 

s/io/i 7mi!'' c7</ yan ya. 

Terrorism, ^ ^j^ :Z, ^ 
huiing liaak^ ke^ sze'. 

Terrorist "^^^^ hoh cheng" 
che. 

Terse, »^ j^ nuung hau', 
3^3^ /«r(7;i^ meng, gj 

i ^yau lik. 
Tertian, ^ 0^ /^rwu yat 



TES 



658 



TES 



^^^ 



k'i 
k'i 



Tesselated, ;i^ •^ 

p'oon shilc, ^ 

p'oon yeung\ 
Test, |j^.||; shP -im; you 

may test it in every 'way, 

^;artM chaap; to test catties 
and taels (in a shop), J^ 
HH JT i^ im' meng Jean 
"^Icung; to test throughly, 
^ ^ ajj Q 'haau im' 
meng paak; to test one's 
learning, '^ yj" ^ Beng 
ts'oi hok; every detail can 
be tested, ^ J§ pf ^ 
lik lik hoh ^haau; test- 
examination for candidates 
who have failed at a 
previous pass-examination 
^^^ haau wai ts'oi; 
to test one's ability, ^ 

^ yf ib ■'''' 1^'i ts'oi 

nang. 
Testament, ^^ w&i-shue, 

(Old and New) ^^15 

^y& San.-kau -Tjenlc -shue. 
Testamentary, ^^H^ wai 

shue ti. 



fsok 



Testator, q[M ^ 
■wai shue ''die, 
y^ laap wai shue ^che. 

Testatrix, jtji^;^:*! 
A^ laap wai shue ki foo 
yan. 

Tester, (of a bed), J^ jj 
shong '/e?i//, ^ tjig ]|J 
mun cheung^ teng. 

Testicles, ^|^^ "goi'- shan, 

ch'-uun wut. 

Testify, g r^«?^\ ^fjf 

meng cheiuf . 
Testimonial, gjj^ ^^ cheng^ 

shue, ^M^^ tsuung shue, 
:^ tsnP 'chL 



Testimony, ^jta^^ ''cld-cheng , 

''hau Jcuung, |^ HH chenc/ 
meng. 

Testy, j^ ^ nf«(- keng, 

/oA se;?//, i|^ 4*]^ tsat 
^0"""' B^i^ ngaan *^/6'/n, 



Icvp. 



i 



TET 



5D9 



TEX 






ngan hc^ slienc:, K^ liuan^; 
as if tethered to the ground, 
iVPH^ ne Van ts'uun. 

Tetrachoi-d, P3^;^ -s-e' in. 

Tetragon, ^^1]^^ ^v-c' JcoJc' 
yeng. 

Tetrameter, jg W fj ^ 
S2e^ te</;' shi meng. 

Tetrasyllable, ^3 "g" :2 ^ 
52:e' 7/ urn Ice tsze'. 

Text, (subject) ;g g t'ai 
muuk, (classic) jf ^^ 
chin//^ -man; the orignal 
text, 1^^ uen mun; the 
test without a commentarj, 
Q^ paak mun; a long 
text, -^^^ ch,eung t'ai; 
the text of a treaty, jj^ 

ke' uen nmn; the text of the. 
classics, ^^5^ i-ci^O mun; 
text book, ^^ iii^ leuk, 
^f^U'^^ knau foil shue\ 
text hand ^^^ taai* tsze . 
Textile, ^^ rhik ti; textile 
fabric, J^ 1^ rhik mat, 
rhik foil . 



Textual, g gOflj ''*•'• "^""'^ 

ti. 
Textually, 03 '^ ^ chiu 

^poon mun. 
Texture, ^^ ^^ rhik-nnm^ 

2)0^ ke^ ska sin ; coarse 

in texture, 

hi shoh; the 

of loose texture, ^ ^ 



cloth 



IS 



^^ j)o shan shoh; of close 

texture, ^; #1 ^ ^/i/^ 

tak mat. 
Thames, He'll not set the 

Thames on fire, fgPgP^ 

^ ^§ kue 'm ooi na 

luung. 
Than, j^ j^ hvoJi-ue, ^ 

UP; richer than the Duke 

of Chow, 'g|^^>g^ 

foo^ lie chau kininr/; nothing 
better than, ^ ^ mok 
yeuk; nothing more than, 
mok kicoh' lie; 



nothing: 



greater 



than 



heaven, ^'^^^ ^^^^^ 
taai ii'e fin; greater than 
half, ^ M — ^ toh 



THA 



560 



THA 



Tcu'oh yat pooiv'; better 
than that, J^jgflllBJ'/'" 
ku'oh^ koh^ ti; not more 
than, ^j[|^ ]Mt kwoh^. 
Thank, ^^ tse , (many 
thanks) ^ ^ foh tse- 
thank the gods, ^ j^ 
waan shan; dedine with 
thanks, g^ ^^ ^ivai tse"*; 
to express one's thanks, ^S 
^^ fA'fy?(7 tse'; card of 
thanks, ^f I(J^ tse^ Pip"; 
return thanks for favours, 
^^ i'Vw/^ ts'ze'; thank 
you, it is good of you to 
say so, W^ /w wa ; to 
thank the spirits, ^jp^ 
ch'au shan; make a thank- 
offering, §|HJ^ ch'au uen^; 
thank you for teaching me, 
^ ^t nauung Jcaau^; 
thanks for you patronage, 
^^ "3fc '^ muung hvong 
kiie^; thauk you very much, 
^W/(^ ?'oA muung "^ni; 
both the living and the 
dead thank you, ^^i^^l 
^ moot ts'uen kivan ^kom\ 



good-bye, 
fs'euff; to 



I thank you, ^ JB||jf3t 
^ Sigoh /li tuung^ Si 
lok^; returned with thanks, 
:^ili" P^'^ ^^®'' tli^i^k you, 
if If 'fs'eng 
refuse with 
thanks, '^ ^^ ts'ze tse^ 
thank you, I am well, ^§ 
IJg tsik ftwk, II ^ t^ 
/yan; thanks to you, fEjJfg 
f'ok^ fiaiJr,^^^t'ok laai""; 
to return thanks, ^§^ 
taap tse^; thanks to your 
protection, ^ ^ jffi j^ 
fo/i muang pi yaii; I thank 
you for the reduction, ^^ 
^^ muung ^kaam; thanks 
to you, %%% h'wai 
tak ni; thank you, I don't 
deserve it, Pq^ 'm Icoi; 
thanks to your excessive 
kindness, ^ ^ J§ ^ 
muung ni kivoh oi'; 
thanks, I have done very 

'WIS '-^^^ -?^'"'5 thanks, 
I have enough, -^ ^ 
seunff jfin; thank God ||l 



THA 



561 



SWE 



Jl^ 



tse' sheuiii?' tai ; 



saffi- 



cannot thank yon 
ciently, .^'^t^^l 
tse pat tsuun'. 

Thankful, ^M ^hom-yan, 
^ ^ ^/-y>«-tse ; thankful 
for permission, ^ yi[), 
mnung Svan; thankful for 
the favour, ^,@, niuung 
yan. 

Thankless, ng^g^ mong-ya?!; 
a thankless tusk, ^^ ^^ 

^;2:x v'^t po' lo /c.^ 

IcuHiui; a thankless nation, 

raun. 
Thanksgiving, ^ |||- clreny 
tse'; thanksgiving on being 
saved from conflagration, 

^//i yan ; propitiatory 
services held as a thanks- 
giving, ^^Si P'eng 
ohn tsiii'; a day of thanks- 
giving, ^||-Ji^:S: 

r/retig tse^ sheung ^«/' 
/:/«' yat. 



Thank-worthy, pf ^J]} /<oA 
tse\ ^jl^ ''^'ot tse\ 

That [gjjg 'koh-Mi, (Put 
the proper classifier, when 
known, instead of IcoJi^)., "jQ 
/ro/i^ Pl^ /rflA, (things nob 
numbered, as water") "(Qj^ 
koh^-ti; that year, ^[5^ na 
nin; that one, ^^ft^ na' 
koh\- that time, ^[5B$^ 
na shi hau ; that will do, 
Ell • !^^ ^^ '^^'^om yeung' 
rJtn^; that is his business, 

ti Icwaaii "^k'ue ke^ sze ; 
that is altogether different 
from this, i^flJigglill^JH 

Bfe QW ^'''^' ^* ^<^ '"1 '"^^'ze 
;?/ ^i; that is not half so 

good as this, UlUHfl- 

koh mo ??/ /a)A^ yat poon 
kom ho\ that was^ one 
time, and this i? another, 

\H yat shi Vs'ze yai" shi 

ya; that which, ^ .s//(?7j: 

in order that, |3j[ g^ ^i 



THA 



662 



THA 



chi , ]^ ^^ i wai^ that 
is, ^ ^^ fsiJc shi ; on 
that day, -^ shi' yat. 

Thatch, ^ ^ 1 01^ -maSiU, 
^fia maau /s'o; thatched 
cottage, Q ^ paak imJc; 
thatch awning of jDalm 
leaves, ^^ k'wai p'uiing. 

Thaumatmgist, (in a city 

temple,) p^^jE|f|tj V^^ 
yeung ckeng shuut. 

Thaumaturgy, ^ ^ ^ 
hang i' tsiJc, ^j^^ 
hang k'i sze'. 



saan 



Thaw, 'j^g mi, 
^ft yunng/rt\ 

The, fl Z'o//', ^ k'i, ^ 
/'Oi, ]J|^ Vs'2i»; the quicker 
the better, ^ '^ ^ igf 
uet faai net V^o; the more 
a man Ifnins the less he 
knows, 0.^,^^Z^ 
J^ hok III hau chi ^lat 
tsimk. 

Theatre, ^ ^^• 7u'-*ch'eung, 
m . '-*iien; to go to 



the theatre, -^O^^ hue^ 

/;'«i /w ; the theatre of 

wai', HJ^:^ c/w'»? ch'eung. 

Theatricals, 'gj^jfjj tso'-^'; 

a theatrical company, — ► 

3^ ^ "?* ^"^^ i^««w /w' 

/sse; a shed erected for 

theatricals, li'-fe ^flB Jir' 



p'aang; theatrical apparatus,. 
i.e., properties, ^^ hi^ 
kne'; theatrical costumes, 
]^^ jt)«a» /; prepare for 
theatricals, J^^ sheung 
smng. 

Thee, j^ ^ni, (Sir, Madam, 
&c. are used for the 2nd 
person in polite discourse). 

Theft, flfg- ^V«/-Ve; petty 
theft (i.p., like a dog) ^^. 
'^ /caw ^'aM; to commit 
theft, fl^5^ hang S2'i^\ 

Their, Theirs, fg|l^»|t 'k'ue 

tl KC . 

Theine, Thein, ^^ ch'a 

Theism, 'f^'^Jt'rfj* sww'i^ 
yau sheung' ^«z, , -jg 
' suun^ shan. 



THE 



603 



SWO 



Theist, '(g^±^^5«"'*' 

jau pheung lai die, 

Theisdcal, '(g^ Jl 'r^ IJfi9 

suwt' 'yau sheung tai' ti. 

Tkem, f^p^ 'k'ue-ti'. 

Theme, ^g t'ai-rauiik.^ 
•^ s/a<^ t'ai; analysis of 
the tlieme, :^ g j/oA' 
t'ai; amplification of the 
theme, ^^ sheng t'ai; 
re-assertion of the theme, 
yj^ ck'uiit t'ai; theme 
for a composition, ^ ^ 
ch^eioig ''Jco. 

Themselves, fgP^Pl*^ @ 3 
*k'ue ti' AV tsze' /a. 

Then, ^ ^^ 'koh-chan- 

shi, (afterwards) ^^in- 
lian\ ^^ tsau^, |^ '^koni; 
happily sxot it then and 
there, ^J^JR;^ tsau' 
ti ts^w ts'oi; now and 
then, "^ ^ waak shi, ^ 
^ ^yau shi; every now 
and then, JBl ^^ JH noi' 
pat noi ; then be it so, 



Wt rK ^J ^^'^^^ *''""* '^'' 

let me see then, 0j[i^^J 
^t-ai pa /r/. 
Thence, ^ ^ ^ yiiu ^0/ 

Thenceforth, g i^tsze^hau', 
@ 10 n^ S tsze'-'A;o/i- 
shi-Vit. 

Thenceforward. ^\^ ^ Vs*2e 

ha"^ @ Jtt; # t«^^' 

/s'iS i hau . 

Theocracy, Ji ^ Z, ^ 
fihenng'' tai chi cheng . 

Theodolite, KUilffi-K^ 
'^ tok sliaan Ico tai chi i. 

Theologian, ^.^^ZU 
sheung' tai* Izaai^ Ice sze, 
^fll^^ shan hok Zr^ 

Theology, ± ^ Z M. 
sheung' tai' /.e' to', /];if|l^ 
shan hok. 

Theorem, g^ ^ f^'/^ in, 

c h^it ts'ze. 



THE 



564 



THE 



Theoretic, theoretical, ^UB^ 
faat ti; theoretical instruc- 
tion, ^20^ ''■^^^^'^ 
chi 'i 'li. 

Theorist, ^^^ V^u iioi"" 
ts'oi. 

Theorize, ^ll^ ''^^P fi^f^^^- 
Theory, ^ faat\ >^^ 
faat' shi/c, '^ -^ faaf 
'tsze, ^ m l' sze. 
Therapeutics, ^^ ' /«f<^\ 
» ^li. 



There, 'j^ ^ koh-shue , (is 
or are) :^ jau, (is no 
more) ^P^ Sao-/oy^', Jp 
f/^'2/e ; there ! 



j^ na 
there ! tj^ []||^ ns ?z<'; 
there is [are] none, '^l^ 
^mo loJc^. 
Thereabout,^ 10 iS fe :^ 
^koh-shue -Usoh-*jdM^, ^ 
:^ Wi-*yau', ^^ ^ 
yeuk-'^moTc, Jtif Jl P"|> 
/:o;« sheung^ ha, p-^" [^ 
^flm' tsai^; he's fifty or 
thereabout, fg ^ 5El + 
-S^^ '^'^^e V^u So- 
shap si^/i' Hsoh *yau\ 



Thereafter, jt^^ Vs'se hau', 

^^ 2/e shi\ 
Thereat, ^^^ tsoi M 

^itt A«o' 'ts'ze. 
Thereby, J^llt 'i Vs'3V, ]^ 

J[>;[ \v/ioA ^i. 
Therefore, ]^ J[>;( 's/^oA-S, 

Therefrom, ^jtt }"^'>-^ ^^s'^^- 
Therein, ^^ tsoi noi\ i:^ 

itt)^ tsoi^ ts'ze shue . 
Thereof, ^jtj^ yau '^ts'ze. 
Thereon, ^ Jh ^^soi^ sheung . 
Thereupon, "j^^ ue shi', 

:iil] laap Uik, ^^ 

in hau"*. 
Thermal, :j^/rr^/?,;^«^ iran 

Siuen; a thermal sj)ring, 
ivan ts'nen. 



:/]< 



Thermometer, |^ ^^ ^ 
hohn-'^ shue-chicm ; a clinical 
thermometer, J^ ^ ^ 
'^laang it chum; ^^^ 
J^^-I^/^M/^ it/^^rt^' 1aang 
chum; the thermometer 
registered 87°, in the shade, 



THE 



566 



THE 



f "4^^ ^^^^ '*^'"* '"^"'^ 

■ tsoi tjum shue jmat* sbap 
ts'at to\ 

These, ^|^{j ni-ti. 

Thesis, gQ g t'aai muuk. 

Tbey, f§ p^ 'k'iie-ti\ 

Thibet, ^kj tsong', ^ |g{ 
s«t tsoiig', j;^ ^ wai 
tsong'; Anterior, Central, 
and Ulterior Thibet, "^ 
1^ ts'in tsong\ ^ ^ 
rhuung teong , ^^|^ hau"" 
tsong^; feudatory Prince 
of Thibet, ^1^^^ tsong' 
wong; the capital of Thibet, 
Lhasa, jf^i^^ ^^ saat'\ 
the Imperial Resident in 
Thibet, ,gg^g cbue' 
tsong'* taui' shan. 

Thick, ^ 'p'an, jj 'hau, 
(as soup) jg nuung, ^ 
kit, (close) ^ mat, ^ 
^ qh'au-mat; b(5*l rice into 
thick gruel, ^ ^ ;?o 
rhuulc; very thick, j^ ^ 
^ ""hau tam^ tam''; thick 

oil, j^ vtt c^'""^ 3'^" 5 
thick and thin, j^j^ hau 
56 



pok; a thick plank, ^^fc 
;|55 iiau muuk ^jman; 
thick of speech, "f^*^^ 
shit ^fuen; thick lips,/^^ 
*hau shuun; thick of 
hearing, ^^ "^ch'uung 
fVn/7; a thick smoke, »^ 

"*» 
Thicken, j^j^ sheng kit\ 

j^)^ ti^o^ hau. 
Thicket, ^# Va lum, ^] 

/t^ ^ ^ ^j'.s'o muuk 
Snong Snoug, ("^mo ^mo), 
^^ lak lum. 
Thickly, i^ moon, J[^ hau 
^ /(?/i; thickly populated, 

Affiles y^" ^'^ ch'au 
mat. 
Thickness, W '■hau; the 
thickness of I2 bricks ^£ 
^p-pS. 5Y?«;» ue chiwi;. the 
thickness of 2^ bricks, 

Thief, ^ 'ta'aak, ^fg 
ts'aak-Vo, ^ ^ ts'aan 
ts'aak, :^B|lJfi| h U 



THI 



566 



THI 



l^^ng, Jjglfe^ 'chaai 
^uen soh^\ to turn thief or 
rebel, "^^ tso' ts'aak; 
a petty thief, ^0* ts'aak 
^tsai; an old thief, ^ ^^ 
Mo ts'aak; a stealthy thief, 

^ M^ ^^ "^^^^ wflaw; 
an expert pickpocket, ^ 
'^■^ saam clielz ^shau\ 
to cry "Thief!" tl^|]jj 
ifeiV ts'aak; officials in 
collusion with thieves {i.e., 
rat and cat sleeping to- 

gether), |g jg I^I Bft 
mami shiie t'uung rain; 
Beware of thieves ! ^^ 
|u^^ t'ai fong 'tsin 'Ian; 
a clever thief, i.e., one who 
flies over eaves and runs 
up walls, ^g^^^ 
yam ^tsau pile; set a thief 
to catch a thief, % ^ j^ 
kicai na ^kivai; he is a thief, 

tEHfilif <^ 'k'ue hai^ 
t^au "^ye ke\ 
Thief-catcher, :|^|TJ^^ po^ 
ts'aak ^che. 



^fong 



Thief-taker, g^ 
wok ''che. 

Thieve, f|jjj i'au, ^^ sif 
ts^ue. 

Thievish, ^' ^. ho'^ sit'; a 
thievish propensity, ^'[^ 
ts'aak seng^. 

Tbigh, ^ f$ taai'-V^ isi 
Jil taai' 'tui, flg 'p-ai; 
the thigh bone, Jj| »g* 
^i^ui kicut; to cut a piece 
of flesh from the thigh 
(for medicinal purposes),. 

Thills, ^ kong; ^ g 
kue uen, ^^ ueu rauuk; 
the thills of a sedan, ^ 
yjft *kiu' kong\ 

Thimble, ^j- jS chum-^teng, 
(archer's) |^^ p'-aa7i- 
chi. 

Thin, ^ pok, (rare, watery) 
^ hi, (lean) ^sArn?, D[nl 
w/p , (-skinned) \M.^^ pok- 
*p'i; thin gruel, ^-^ 



eatery, ^^ 
roll it out thin, 



thin and 
hi hi ti ; 



THl 



567 



THI 



ngaan pok /»'; make thin 
fritters (bv rolling the 
griddle), t^^ Vo;?.// fun; 
spread out t'lin, ^|^p|ii|| 
^S taan hoi f-aan pok; 
scrape till it is thin, "^^J 
^^ scuJi' to' pok; thin but 
sprightly, ^ ^ ts'eng 
sait^; thin as a 'rail' (as a 
'match,' as a 'stick') f^^ 
pU'J^t'iu shaai 7com shau^; 
thin as a grasshopper, ^ 

^ rtJ" S ^^^^' ^maang 
koni' skau'; his kindness is 
as thin as paper, i.e., only 
skin-deep, fg fl A M 
SK rt" P '^'ue /-^o/i^ 
yan ts'eng chi Icom? pok. 
Thing, /^^f}^ mat-kin\ g- 
Ve> !^ ® tuung-sai, 
(affair) 'fj-^ tin -sze''; a 
thing, — Ml^ y«^ <iang 
^e; all things, || ^ 
maan' mat; just the same 
thing, ^giif ^'o«/ ^^y; 
set free living things, ^ 
£^ fon(f shaang; just the 
thing, ]^^ ^s'«w ngaam; 



a hopeless thing (lit. cold as 
a cat's nose), |gyJ,frli-/$ 

maau \\? Icotn tuung^; all 
sorts of things, 5^^^ 

tw '^^^'"''"5' chiiung sze' 
ts'eng; a set of things, — > 

wil IB 1b y^^ f^'^' y^^s' 

tong^; prosperous in all 

things, ^;^2§i)C ^"""^ 
sheng sai tsau ; you must 
not eat heating and fried 

things, fj^ pa ^ ^ II 

5Mi^ 'iii 'm 'ho shik 
it tuuk tsin 'ch^aaw, it 
is needless to blame things 
that are past, (i.e., Let the 
dead Past bury its dead), 

pat Jcaii ; in the end things 
will mend, ^^ g ^^ j^ 
mat kek J3jY faan; advice 
comes too late when a 
thing is done, ]^ ^ "^ 
g^ sheng sze pat shiiet^; 
an ordinary thing, ^ |^ 
haaa ^ye. 



THI 



568 



THI 



Think, ,gj, ^^ sze-%eung, \ 
(guess) j^ ^koo; do you 
think I am asleep, f^'gp 

fuji* me; I am thinking of, 
^ ^l!> ffi 'ngoh si^m 
^seung; do you think I am 

a fool, f^ i^^ ^ iC'^'^^ 

""ngoh hai ^shui; I think 
you are joking, f^f$^ 
^ Jcoo ni 7ro«</ stw^; now 
drinking now thinking, — • 

yum yat nrm ^seung; when 
you drink water think 
where it came from, ^0* 

:A^^^M V""i '^'hui sze 
uen; do you think it so 
easy? ^%^^= 'ho 
heng ? me; I think well 

of him, ^pSA^^ 
W ngoh ^i wai k'ue 
hai ho; in view of gain, 
think of righteousness, ^ 

"M S S ^'''^' ^'' «^^ i'' 

day and night do I think 
of you, lf$^^i§ shi 
yeng muung /hnJc; the 



poor think but of appeasing 
their hunger, '^.^MM 
k'uung sse ngolr' '^seuag-, 
to think of one's family, ^ 
:^ ss^ 7i;«; you think 
yourself somebody, don't 

you! ^is:^% 'ho 
taai^ min ni; we have 
beaten them, I think, ^ 

do you think so ? ^^ 
Vrom Z;?m''; I think it is, 
'\^fh^ 7^'«' hai' hva'i 
to think a little, jM— • 



j^^ Sei<n^ yat ^seimg; 



thinkers govern toilers, « 
^^ ^ J& A lo S2<?;z 
V;e chi yan. 

Thinly, i^^^ s/^o/i-lok. 

Third, ^^ tai -s«(a!w?, (a) 
^ ^ — • saam-iwTL-yat; 
the first, second, and third 
of a series, ;^ ^P|^ ^ 
maang^ chuung kwav ; 
female lepers of the third 
generation, — ^ f^i^ saam 
toi mooi; the third day of 



THI 



569 



TUI 



the month, ^<jj'^ ch'oh 
saam; the third time, 
^^ tai' saam ts^ze^ 
Thirst, ig\^ %ng-hoht\ p 
i^ 'hau-hoht\ (after) yg 
^ hoht'-^seung; intolerable 
thirst, flli^^l sill hohe 
peng^; to quench thirst. 



kaai hoht'; the mention 
of plums quenched their 
thirst,^ -J:;|fj£^ waak 
mooi chi hoht ; a craving 
thirst, j^i^ faan hoht'; 
to suffer from thirst, 'UL'/^ 
hi hoht . 
Thirsty, pg^^ hau hohi ; 
the hungry are easily 
supplied with food, and the 
thirsty are easily supplied 
with drink, 
•>/M, 



^ r^^ET 'Z^ >aj ^l ^" ^^*^ 
1 wai shik hohf ^che ^i 

wai yjo?2; blood-thirsty, W 

^ /jo^ shnai. 
Thirteen, -J-* ^ shap saam. 
Thirteenth,^-[-^tai'shap 

saam, (a) -|- ^ ^ ;^ 

— • shap saam f un^ c/ii ya^. 



Thirtieth, ^^-\' tai' saam 
shap, (a) =-j-xJJ.;2-_ 
saafwj shap fun^ chi yat. 

Thirty, ^ -|- saam shap; a 
month of thirty days, ^ 
^ net taai\ 

This, |l/g n/'; followed by the 
proper classifier as : this 
man H^^ \ ni koh^ yan; 
this ship, 5/g ^ jjg ni 
cheT^ shuen; this house, g^ 

W[ M^^* ''^""'^ ^'''^; (that or) 
^^|l:tV--'fe'2e,(^«6That); 
cheating people like this, 

yeung"* aak yan ite^- this 
day, ->^ Q 7r?/?« y^^,- on 
this account, -^ ]|J^ shi 
l'^oo\ g) ]['[^ yan '^s'2e. 

Thistle, ^IIJJ taai'-A'rt/\ ^ 
^^ tsaat-lai; a tall kind of 
thistle, ^j gjj 'ma ka% . 

Thong, j£ ^ p'i ^aa?:': 
loosen the thongs, % 



suung 2}ong. 
Thoracic, JS ^ iflj huimg 



t'oug ti. 



THO 



570 



THO 




shitr^ 



Thorn, ^ lak, flj is^ze", ^ 
ts'ze\ (bush) ^ j^ lak- 
lum; pricked by a thorn, 

f^ ^5 ^^ -?'^ ^^^ tsaam ; 
beware of thorns in the 
slush, i.e., beware of 
oppressing the weak, j^ 

fong "^yau ts^se ; (he is) a 
thorn in my side, ^^|P; 
K kiu ^ngaan yan; to 
tread on a thorn, ^ ^ 
jd^ ch'-aai lak lum. 

Thornless, ^^ij^mo W-zt" . 

Thorny, ^ ^'^] V^u toh 
ts*ze\ ^ JlJ QJJ shaang 
ts^ze^ ti. 

Thorough, ^ thmng: 
thorough examination, f^ 
^^ tuung'' ch'aat • thorough 
knowledge, yj^^ tuung 
sik; a thorough acquain- 
tance with letters, 2^ ^ 



■^ Jj- t'liunq ^hiu mun 
tsze ; ^^^-^ Puung 
hill mun hok. 
Thoroughfare, 5^^ t'uung- 
liang, ^ Jg ^'/«<?/y7-lo\ ^ 
^^ Puung k'ue: Private! 
No Thoroughfare ! ^^ ^ 

:^ sze ka chuung (or noi') 
ti lo^ pat fuung hang. 
Thoroughly, ^ j^ tsnun'- 

*ti\ ^ w, a^ 

timing Pau ; to do one's 
duty thoroughly, ^ ||f 
tsuun^ cAtVc; to mix or stir 
thoroughly, p| '^ t*ia 
wan, or i©-^ kaau wan; 
to fry thoroughly, ))^ffe 
'^ch^aau shuuk; thoroughly, 
happy, '^^/««»' ch'eung^; 
it is quite impossible to 
know another thoroughly, 

waak foo waak p'i naan 
waak kwut; to understand 
thoroughly, '^ f^ tuung' 
s^j^; thoroughly search, ^^ 
^ k'uung y^az?; steam it 



TIIO 



O t 



THO 



thorougbly, M^i^ ^''^"^ 
sbuuk ^lia ; tlioroughly 
understand, g^^ fJ^^ jj ||fi^ 
k^vet' in /;oo?i t'laing, ^ 
Hfe i/iZ/c p'oh ; examine 
thoroughly, :f| f|} ig 
/rj^e/i tak taii'; to know it 
thoroughly, 331JS '"''*» *^^«»; 
shake them thoroughly, 

'^tH ^'^" ^^^'^ k'ue. 

These, ^^^ koh'-ti. 

Thou, ^ 'ni, (5^^ Thee). 

Though, g||ll] su/-^5rtZ-, 511 
^^ s?«-in, 5^1 sz«; though 
it be thus, gj ^Ij H^ swi 
/sale ^kom; though you be 
clever. I am no fool, -^ 

ngob 'm ngoi; f.s though, 
•fif'\^ V/o ^ts'ze, ^ ue. 
Thought, ^ff?^^ .s..-nim\ j^ 
nim -t'au, ^ EEf i sse, 
fi§ *^5f'wn^-t'au: wan- 
dering thoughts, # 



c c, c 

sfl'a/« /com seung; a 

diligent pen saves thought, 

S5 ^ ^ S ^'^^ ■^'"^ 

min sze\ if a man take no 



thought about what is 
distant, he will find sor- 
row at hand, A^S;S 



iv\ 



T'^ yan mo uea 
lue' ^W^ yau k'an yau; 
there was not one who 
thought of refusing sub- 
mission, ^,g,;:^flg mo 
sze pat fuuk; this last 
expression is frequently 
modified into, ^& |^||] ~^ 
Jl^ ,meaning, with a teacher 
it is easy to know how to 
do most things; second 
thoughts are best, S ^^ 
"p]"^ tsoi sze hoh i. 

Thoughtful, P^ i^ ^ 'yau 
sum ki; thoughtful of gain, 
jl^>[H]7f|] sum heung^ li\ 

Thoughtfully, :^>li.,raDfi5 
yau sum sse ti. 

Though tfulness, '^.g, shum 
sze, "^^ shum lue\ 

Thoughtless, i^\ ^ ^^ smn 
pat tsoi^ -^ ngoi, PgyJ> 
4^ 'm sill sum; thoughtless 
of the future, ^ 
pat lue hau\ 



1 



THO 



572 



THE 



Thousand, -^ tsHn; * 
thousand to one he will 
not reform, ^ — • ]^ ^ 
tsHn yat pat koi; ten 
thousand, — -^ya^maan ; 
there's fully ten thousand, 

to yau; the thousand 
Character Classic, -p^^ 
"^ ^s'w tsze mun; tens 
of thousands, "5* -^ J£ 
jjaai^ fc'm maan^ in a 
thousand pounds of law 
there's not an ounce of 
love, #Sfflf:'|f luut 
faat mo ts'eng. 

Thousandth, "^ — •=p tai^ 
yat tsHn. 

Thrall, 1^ no, ^ ;^ no 
puuk. 

Thraldom, "^"^ wai no. 

Thrash, :fj" ;^ ^^a woh, :^ 
^^ *^/o woh; to thrash 
maize, :J^^7^ Va S2«<^ 
^mai. 

Thrasher, ^yf^^ ta woh 



Thrashing, (a beating, a 
hiding) ^ — ^ 'ta yat 
ch'eung; give him a sound 
thrashing, tTtg— :A:^^ 
''ta k'ue yat taai'' ch'eung; 
to get a thrashing, ^^wi 
^ta shue. 

Thrashing-machine, ^^ ^^ 
#!§& '^0 woh ki hi\ 

Thread, ^ .m^ (a) % || 
t'iu-.sm% (to) ^ ch'-uen; 
a spool of thread, — fe 
;^ y«^ /m sin ; to spin 
thread, ^ ;|g ^w^ sm^ 
]|^^ '^Aac«^ sAa; a guide 
thread, '^j ^^^ yan sin; 
to reel thread, ^^ poot 
sAa; to spin thread for 
weaving, ^^ ^fong sha\ 
the thread of life snaps 
ligbtly,^^J^f^^t'iu 
meng ts'-af ts''ajj(jigiip ngup) 
ts'ui^; floss and thread shops, 

inlay with silver thread, 
^)^^ saap^ lau'; cobblers 
ends of threads, ^^^ 
p'i haai kan; imitation gold 



THE 



573 



THR 



thread, fg^J^ 'ka kum 
sill ; real silver thread, JM. 

Wi ^ '^^^"^ "S^*^ **'*^' *'° 
thread beads, ^^ c/i'wm 

M?<^,- thread tliat needle, 

^ ^ BR $t rA'»f;i koli' 

ngaan r/»/.'». 

Threat, 'f§^jj ^huung haak\ 
to obtahi by threats, jjg^ 
^ ^^e/c so/t\- to alarm by 
threats, B^jlfg^ haak^ chcv' . 

Threaten, ^ hmk^ ^ ^ wa\ 
(frighten) f^'il^ Vi?/«;?<7- 
haak^; to threaten with 

death, iy^lftA 'i '^^^ 
/j«rt/c yan; to threaten 
with punishment, ^ i}^\ 
W ^ s/t«/c/' jjii chaak^ 
fat. I 

Threatening, ^^A'«^ um. ' 
Three, ^ s«rtW; the founders 
of the three great dynasties \ 
(King AYan, his father and i 
grandfather), ^ ^ saam \ 
wong; on three points "^ 
■i^ saam seng; the three 
Sages (Yue, Chow-kung, 
and Confucius), ^ S3 



saam sltrnrf ; the three 
worthies ( Pih-c, E-yen 
and Hwuy), ~ -^ saam 
tsze; three times, ^ ^ 
s«rtm ts'ze , ^ JEJ .sfm//i 
ooi; in two or three days, 
~ ^ saam "^leung yat; 
the three highest graduates 
in each degree, ^ j^ ^ 
^ saam uen k'up tai^; 
the three dynasties (Ha, 
Shang and Chow), ^ /f^ 
s«rtm toi''; mourning for 
three years, "J" ^^ ^f>/?^ 

three of equal power, jM 

J£ ^ ^^ ^^'^^ ^s?<?<^ c//i 
s/V//^- the three highest 
Hanlin graduates, ^ jj|| 
ffl s«ro« /e/2^ kaaj)^; to 
take threes, successively, at 
gambling, j;^ 5£ naam^ 
saam; Mencius's mother 
changed her abode three 
times, ^"^^^ maang 
rao saam ts^in; the Three- 
character classic, '—'.^^ 
saam tsze' keng; the three 



THR 



574 



THE 



rational and seven animal 
spirits, ^^^-t^ saam 
wan ts^atp^aaJc ; I asked for 
one thing, and I have got 
three things, p^— ;{^^ 
muu'' i/at tak saam; the 
sun is three rods high {i.e., 
9 a.m.,) 0Jt.=^ yat 
sheung saam kohn. 

Threefold, ^'^ saam ^p'ooi. 

Three-stranded, H ^ "W 
saam ^koo ti; a three- 
stranded cord, ^ U^ ^\ 
saam koo sheng. 

Thresh, (v. Thrash) 

■^ ^shai- p'aang-Vfl, ^ 
ta. 

Threshing-floor, ^^^ ^voh- 
ch'eung. 

Threshold, ^^ ^^ moon- 

ch'aan ( ch'aam); to sweep 

the threshold (i.e., do 

menial work), ^^ ^ fiit 

it. 

Thrice, ^ ^ saam ts'-ze ; 
thought thrice, ^ ^^ 
sfla??j 52^; though he thrica 
passed the door, he did not 



enter (said, reproachfully, 
of one who passes by without 
visiting you), '^^'^ 

f ^ rfn !^ ^ ^'^^''J kivoh^ 

k'i moon i ^Ja^ yup. 
Thriftless, ^|| fau t'au. 
Thriftiness, ^ kim', "f^^ 

tsit yuung\ 
Thrifty, ff§_j^ haan-Vim ; a 

thrifty man #" ^ ;2 A 

feiY kim^ ke' yan. 
Thrill with pleasure, M^^ 

^J ^J foon-'^hi-to -cJian . 
Thrilling, (sound) [jj; ^ 

'^ch'aau-'^i, ^|J ]^ Ar/^^i. 
Thrive, ^^^/cm^'-taat, S 

^ fA'eu»^ heng, J®. ^ 

//f«^ wong'; thriving and 

declining, ^ ;^ sheng 

sJiui. 
Throat, pgt|| hau-luung, ^Q 

P^ m hau; phlegm rising 

in the throat, ^^]M t'aam 

''yuung; cut the throat. 



7i;2<e^ keng., ^^ ?;200^ 



/ewe ; to cut one's own 
throat, Q ^ij tsze' 'man; 
ready to cut my throat to 



THR 



675 



THR 



show I am in earnest, ^|] 

^i iiin c/ii^; seize by the 
throat, ^!gi nit 'krng. 
nearly split his throat, j^^ 
^Pf/c^ s//^wi' p'oh' hau 
luung; ^^P(>JP|| J"^'"^'^ 
p^oh^ hau luung; hallooed 
till he split his throat, p^ 
:^ Pf^ 151 (lai p'oh' hau 
luung; the heart in the 
throat, ^^ ^ ts'olc' hi; 
irritation in the throat, pf^ 
P|| hau ts''enng^; to call 
till one's throat cracks, P^ 

^ ^ Pfi ^"'' i^'°^^ ^^^" 
luung; stoppage in the 

throat, P-^ U^ ^i^ hau; 

pierce his throat, HjJ '[g 

P^ P|| /5'tw *^k'ue hau 

luung. 

Throb, ^j^ tHu ; the heart 

throbs, j|^> gfe ^ .<5^«/^ 

^jm' ye2</c ; my heart throbs 

rapidly {i.e., palpitates) ^|> 

^^ ^ '^ W^ "^^^ ^^''" 

puuk puuk tHic'. 



\vong-*\vai', 



Throe (extreme pain), Ij^^i 
kek tmnui. 

Throne, ^ -gr 

jitp ^ ue^-tsoh^ Itl^^ 
luung v/ai'; the lotus 
throne, ^^ lin ^'«\ ^ 
^ lin tsoh ; on the throne, 

ascend the throne, 2>C ^ 
Vi;oi po\ ^ ^ tmuj kek, 
^'fe ^«/?^ wai^; a formal 
report to the throne, ^ 
^^ t'ai po ; lost the throne, 
^g shat kwoJc\ ^ gc 
shat Tvai . 

Throng, :^ |^ Uai-^yuungy 
K\^ yan-i^iA'. — '5A 
ya^ k'wan yan. 

Throttle, Ja''*^ rs'j^e?^ '^en^, 
^ |g kuuk pai^ f J ^ 
lak S^e. 

Through, ^ yau, g 3;^ 
keng-kwoh', 5^ ^'aw% ^ 
timing; hurried through, ^^ 
^Q ts'o uen; to chisel 
through, i.e., to corrupt, 
^ ^ cfi^uen tsok; did 
not pass through my hands. 



THR 



576 



THR 



^ ^^-^ 2nt keng '^shau; 
he passed through all 
possible bitter experiences, 

haam sueti Yoo laat to keng 
ku'oh^; all through life, J^ 
- Hh ^kue shai • to pierce 
through, ^^tsok huung; 
to open a way through, ^ 
^^ tsok timing; to see one 
through and through, |||r 

punctuated all through, 
^^^fi Puung tak tim; 
to pass through, ^^ '^ 
Puung hang; to see through 
his villainy, ^/[^g^^ 
tuung^ chiiuk k'i kaan; how 
often did you read it 

shue; see 
through, ^^^hohn^ Pau^ 
see through a millstone, g^^ 
^^ ^'a* cA'Me;i shek; I 
see through your designs, 

kiii^ ''ui A:e^ sum kohn; to 
pass through, ^3^ koon 



through? g^; 
tuuk ^ki ch'au 



tilling \ through error, 
^^ yan ts^oh'; wet through 
(to the skin), ^^^^ shup 
t'-aic'. 

Throughout, |^ j9*m ; 
throughout China, :^ pj^ 
^ ^Hit' chuung kwok ; 
throughout the year, ^^ 
chau nin; throughout life, 
— .^ ya^ shaang. 

Throw, ^ //t^ :|^ iceng, ^ 
p'ek, (dice) ^J chaak, (one's 
self) d^ t-au; throw it 
against the wall, ^^ j^ 
)j^ taat maai ts'eung; to 
throw nines, ^^ ^ 0^ 
chaak ''kau fsai; threw up 
(i.e., vomited) several times, 

nH 1^ S !!fc '^« ^"'^ '^'^^ 

taam ; to throw the shuttle, 
^'^ j^'afm soh; to throw 
up, i.e., retire, :^^lj j'^aau 
pit; to throw away, ^^p^ 
weng hoi; throw it into 
any corner, "j^ — • ZH "^ 
tveng yat i"* kok^; throw it 
away, it is not wanted, :j^ 



TIIR 



577 



THR 



iu Jok ; to throw cotton» 



^^ t'aan min fa\ 
throw into the water, ^ 
T* ^^fC '"' ^^* \sAu/; to 
throw aside, ^-ig — -^ 
f/?< maai yat kok^\ throw 
jour chest forward, jj§^ 
iQ Bui] "^ ^" ^^''^ huung\ 
to throw away as useless, 
^j^ ch'ue lat\ throw it 

down, f^^JgT* Viu 
lok /fli 'ha; to throw a net, 
iJU Jg srw^ 'mong; to 
throw away the opium pipe, 
W^^M ^'"^ ts^eung; throw 
down the baton and resign, 

^ iS K W t'au >«» 
A« ^00/2; to throw (stones) 

at ducks, ^^^,^/«o?t^ arr;? ; 

to throw up (in sense of 

retire, or resign), i^ ^ 

s^ sze\ -^[I -^ se* yani^ 

^ se^ lok ^«w ^o/i?i; one 
throw of dice, — ■ -^ "^ 
ya< s/(aM t'au; thrown 
away, i.e., wasted, ^^§ 
icut ^u'oh: sift and then 



throw away, gj^ ||§J .s7<a< 
tuet ; to throw reeds into 
the side orifice of a jar, ;^ 
w t'au 00; to throw away 
as a worn out sandal, ^^ 



<b/ 



yau ///" pai' saai; 



to throw off a slipper, 
Jit • ■' ' 



i'uef ^saai; to throw 
rice on a bridal chair, i§j^ 
'^jt saat' 'mai; to throw 
beans which turn into 
soldiers, i.e., magic strategy, 

WlS^WL^ '""^' tau' 
sheng 2W)g; thrown into 
confusion, ^ g[^ ^ tau 
luen^ fi«frt'\ 

Throwster, trf^^^H^ '^« 

Thrum (the guitar), :^ ^ 
Va chang, ^ jH ^ ^=^i' 
5«aw2 in; (the lute) 4m5^ 
t'aan k'ura. 

Thrush, (white eyed) ^ j^ 
^^ wa -*m[-fsmk^ (black 
and wliite). ^^^% rhue- 
^shi-*cha; a kind of thrush 
(Garrulax) Q^jg paak 
wa' mi; a white headed 



THR 



578 



THR 



thrush (sometimes used of 
on old man), Q gj| ^ 
paak t'au yiiung; (a disease) 

Thrust, jjg V'iu, (in) Jl 
ch'aaf'', trust it upon him 
fefSS «^ 'k'ue ill'; 
thrust (him) out of doors 

iM Hi n ^^ 'p'i" ^^^'"^^^ 

moon ngoi ; to thrust out 
the hand, ^i hH -^ sA«n 
ch^uut shall; to thrust out 
the tongue, ffj;.^ t'o shit; 
thrust it out, :f^ fg ^j 
-^ t'lii *^k'ue ch'-uut liue^ . 

Thuja, |^:|^^ uen-paah . 

Thumb, -^ :|^ /^ sAcfw- 

^chi-kuwiff, ^ ^ kue^ 
maalv; a double thumb, i^ 
^■^ p'eng mau, JJ :ff 
?72a cAt; as the thumb 
(among the fingers) i,e.^ 
prominent, noticeable, •^ 

g^ wai kue' maak . 
Thump, ^ p'uung\ ^ ^ 
^•WM?i^-cheuk, ;^^ "^^ww, 



:|*J" /«; to thump one's self 
(to arouse pity), P^ ^ 
^ /^2<«^ t'au liok^. 
Thunder, ^ ^ \m-hiccmgy 
(clap)^y>v/^,||g;/e^'- 
///c, ^ ^ hang lui; a 
clap of thunder, ^ ^ 
t'eng ngai; a sudden clap of 
thunder, i^ ^ tsat lui; 
thundering, |^ [^ luung 
lunng; the god of thunder, 
^[^ fuung luung; quick 
as thunder, jH ^k suwi' 
lui; rumbling thunder, ^^ 
^f lui t'eng ;in a 
thundering rage, g ^ 

:2 S ^"^ ^'^°S ^-^'^ ^'^5 
a thunder cloud, @^M 
wan t'au; like thunder 
piercing the ears, ^p ^^ 
"M^ I@> ue lui ^oon"* N; 
thunder without rain; 



^S hohn lui; struck by a 
thunderbolt, ^iJ^J" lui ta; 
you will see him struck by a 
thunderbolt out of a clear 
sky, t^afj^H^fg n£ 
Vrt» hohn lui Va k'ue. 



THU 



579 



THU 



Thunderor, the, ^' ^ lui- 

liuung. 
Thumler-sliower, ^ p|^ ^ 

^^ lui "^iie Itaau tsok^. 
Thunder-storm, ^^J§|[^ 

^ ^ hii tin^ /"//jmy '■ue 

kaau chi . 
Thundcr-strnck, ■^'^^ shat- 

Thursday, g ^ f^ ^lai- 



paai^-sze^. 



Jcom- 






Thus, 1^ kom, ^^^\ 
•yeuDg\ (-much) 
A'07?i -toll, ^^ yeuk shP, 
]Jp;^ ue shi\ ^@;ft jau 
shi , ^ ^ yau shP; it 
must needs be thus, ^^ 
-^ t^ shaang teng^ bai"* 
^kom; is it thus? I^^ 
V^ n^ 7ro?« yeung' 
ke' me; AVhafc ! Thus ? 

8i "TS n^ '-^'^'^i /^e' 

7??e; thus, in this style, 
t^^^ kom yeung'; surely 
not thus ? l^R^ ^kom "^ma; 
do them all thus, ^^ 



f^uung in kom tso'; 
It is really thus, J^fgafj^ 
uen hai kom. 

Thwack, ^ :|^J chuung 
2i''aak , ^^ chuung' ;>'a<, 
;fj^ ktiaak\ 

Thwart, (to) }g [Jjl /^'a?:^'- 
VAo^j, gg ngaak, "g* j^g 
j(?ooi' yik; to thwart one's 
plans, tSA^tt 'k'ue 
yan /re /rat ; thwart people's 
wishes, :(^, A tt fat van 

yau S^yA yuuk. 

Thyme, ]3a]^ ooi k'an. 
Thyself, f$ g 3 "ui tsze' 
ki. 

Tiara, pi±mfEZM.^ 
Pin chue kaau wong /ce* 
^roin. 

Tibia, 1^ /rm^', 

Tick, j|:t;f§^ ch'ong yuuk 
chxnmg jyiti hang tuung* 
yeung kau Uang 



IM'H^ 



TIC 



580 



TIC 



cli'-uulc Ice shat; a dog tick, 
^^ m 'kau yeng, % ^ 
Ici ho'; pub a tick on it, 

Tick, (to) j^jgg ^//-^t7- 

sheng. 
Ticket, ^ ;?'/2i\ ju?/, ^pHu, 

tickets, '^Ji, ooi ta«n; 
ticket (containing tender 
of interest), ^ ^ ooi' 
ji«'?/; lottery ticket, Q^;^ 
^! paak 7i:o/^ pia\ Manila 
lottery ticket, g ^jc ^ 
lue siiung ^?«<; examina- 
tion lottery ticket, ^ j|^ 
^ wai seng 'piu\ theatre 
ticket, ^ ^ ^i jc)H<; 
pawn ticket, *^^. tong 
jHii; passage ticket, ^Q ^ 
^ffi shnen wai chl; to 
issue tickets, ^M\iHr 
faa^ piu ch'iiut hue ; to 
distribute tickets, v/j^ ^ 
;?/aai ch'au. 
Tickle, ^1^ VA<?n^-'"yeung, 
J^ c/i/^; rouse him by 
tickling, Jggitg 'Hn 



sm^ ^k'ue; tickle the fancy 
ofchildren,t;^/J>^^:^^ 
net ski ^tsze ke i ; may 
tickle my palate, "pf^ J^ 
^^ © ho hoi ngoh ke 
wai ; to tickle the palm, ^ 
BSB&I6 V >ono' ngan, 

Ticklish, J^ J^ .s?<m-^uen, 
(troublesome) || lij- ^ 
naan-liu -"^li; ticklish times, 
JUg^ naan shi. 

Tidal, }^ nj^ ch'iu f^!; tidal 
grounds, J^UJ ch'iu t'in; 
tidal water, J^ -Jl^ ch'iu 
shiii. 

Tide, i^^*C ch'iu-'sA?«; the 
tide rising, ;^*)^J3 cheung 
ch'iu; to go with the tide, 
llM^K shuun' shui; high 
tide, i$J] ^ ';ft ;5 ch'ia 
*^s^2«' '^cheung ko\ ebb tide, 
*)^i3^J[^ ch'iu shui tai, 
"^ Wii ^shui kohn; flood 
tide, yi^ -^ 'shui taai'; 
push the boat with a fair 
tide, i.e.y improve the 
shining hour, )lg7l<^t)!|§ 
shuun shui tui shuen; 



TID 



581 



TID 



both wind and tide 
unfavourable, j!j£ M IS 
^^ tai fuung tai shiii; 
the tide is to be relied on 
like a contract, j^^P^ 
ij^ eh 'ill ne ^yau yeuk ; 
head tide, ^;>^ yik shui, 
J^ -^ ngiiak ^shxd; avail 
one's self of the tide (i.e., 
make hay while the sun 
shines), ^ jg -^ 'kohn 
shuun ''shui; to ^o against 

the tide, iwj^ifjjifni 

hf'ung yik ch'iu i hue, 

K ^ ffi tt ^® fA?«m^' 
seiing tong ; to go with 
the flowing tide, gyfEJ^j] 
jfl] -^ ts'ni lau ch'iu i 
hue, ^^m^ ue 
chuung seung woh; a turn 
in the tide, j^jj®'^ ch'iu 
chuen' lau, ttt ^ g* ;;§ 
^^ ^ ^ *'^^' /i:aai' jwi'n' 
wai ^ho waak s^w/; there 
is a tide in the affairs of 

men, X#^^g yan 

sze yau sheng shui; the 

tide has turned, 

37 



"T Bze ts'eng pin 'liu; to 
tide over, ^ A^^g^lK 

kau yan c/ii /yo naan ; 
time and tide tarrv for no 

^151 yat uet shai' i sui^ 

2Mt ngoh ue. 
Tide-gate, \^ ^jj^ ^ ch'iu 

^sA?«' chaap. 
Tide-surveyor, ^^"^ tsuung 

ts'uun. 
Tide-gauge, g '}Q g& to' 

ch'iu hi . 
Tide- table, "Jl^ ;^ ch'iu 

ch'aalc, ^^^ [§j ch'iu t'o. 
Tide-waiter, 3^~j[^ lo- faai^ 

^^■^ ts'im-t'&zQ-^shaUy 

<|A^^ k'im tsze' hhau. 
Tidily, ^^ ts'aiWn^, ^ 

#• ^Ao /toAn, -^ "^ kit^ 



tseng 



?M« 



Tidings, 'J^^^ siu-sik; good 
tidings, :{^'i^^ '/^^ san 
mun; bad tidings, ^'(^ 
huung suun ; glad tidings, 

Tidy, 7^^ ts'ai-^cAfn^, 
*^ Siga-/:<Y 



•p 



TIE 



582 



TIE 



Tie, (a) ^ naax\ j^^ 



i^iM-*taai , (to) ^ iwng, 
(up, or on) llT^ ^ naai- 
chue', (a knot) ^Jj^ V«- 
M ; to tie in a bundle, j^ 
:^ — '^ Ic^wan maai ?/ai! 
ch'-uiik; to tie up ^ith 
rattan, j^l^ /cVan fang; 
tie up a dog, i^^^^ h'-iraang^ 
^kau\ a lot of things tied 
together, — |gP^ yat 
k^icaang (ovJc^n'atig^)hing : 
to tie up (in senSe of 
entangle), li^'^ h'-ivaang^ 
chue ; tie on a mourning 
cap, ^ ^ Q laam' t'au 
paak; tie a knot, ^^^ 
^ta lit ; to tie a loose knot, 

1T4^>^ '^" sAa«7i^ In- 
to tie a hard knot, {i.e., a 
wreath knot), -^JE^S 
V« ^sse ZtY ; to tie a running 

noose, tr^ji.^^'^«'lo 
shiie lit ; to tie matters up 

(in sense of inciting to a 

quarrel),^ ^ J jg^l^to 

shat IcoJi lit ; to tie together; 

\^^ luen lok ; tie it 



fok kan, 



tight, ^ 
,^ chin /i^fln; tie one's 
hands, |§-^ chin' ^shau; 
being tied, one haa to 
submit to the beating, j^ 

ftBSfltr >^5' chue' 
k'am tak ta; with tied 
hands waiting for death, 
i.e., utterly helpless, "^-^ 
^^ ^ ch'-imk sfiau toi'^ 
pai'; to tie up, cord up, J^ 
^^ chhiuk foTc; tie around, 
entwine, ^ ^^ yeng iu; 
tie by a rope, ^^^5 poon 
haai'; tie him fast, ^^ 
^ t^ ^^^'^'^^ so/^ chue' 
^k'ue; tie him up, flf^filg 
nang^ chue' ^k'ue, :^ >^ 
jH naau chue^ k'ue; to 
tie on, P7^^ naai chue'; 
tie up the cow, tij^'^ naai' 
ngau; tie up the hair 
unpinned, i^ ^ k'-ne^ 
faai; a scull tie, ;|^ (^ 
*^lo tnang-, a neck tie, ^^ 
^/^mi? i'aai ; family ties, 

^s't^ isHk; the ties of friend- 



TIE 



683 



TIG 



kaan ^yaxx tau I'uu rhi 
ts'enp; ties of blood, *^p^ 
^^^ /-^/v/^yunk Z-e fs'an; \ 
social ties, £.f^2:1V^^t& 
ng liuin chi ts'eng fan , 

>\ i^ ^''^" luun; he has 
uuintentiunally tied his 

own hands, JS j^ K A 
"^k'ue hai ts'aam 



ch'uung szc ye. 
Tier, ^ ts'ang; piled up, 
tier on tier, ^^^^ 
ts'ang ts'ang tip tip; one 
tier above it, ^'[jH — -^ 
Ico k'ue //at ts'ang; iu tiers, 
^^^^ ts'ang ts'ang 
is^ze ts'ze ; rising gradually 
0i tsit^ 

\. rhnang 



in tiers, 
tsit ho. 

Tiff, ^tmZ 



luun ke 



sze , ^J- 



chaang li ho. 
Tiffin, S ^ ami -ts'-aan, 

(take) ^ ^ shik-fla?i\ 
Tiger, -^ ^ 'lo-yoo; seized 

the tiger's whiskers, i.e., 

so daring, ^^^ put 



/oo SO; the white tiger 
(one of the four quadrants 
of the twenty-eight con- 
stellations) trli^F^^' V'^'^J 
Tiger Pass />., Bocca 
Tigris near Canton, jf^f^ 
/oo moon; the tiger 
mosquito, J^^ foo mini, 
^^ /<:< //«m; tiger cat, 
^^^^j /?//ac/i ip p'-aai^', 
the fox borrows the tiger's 
terrors (said of oppressive 
underlings), ^Xjgjgj^ 
00 lea foo ivai; rearing a 
tiger is breeding trouble, 

^i^^S Veung 'foo 
wai waan^; he who unarmed 
will attack a tiger, or cross 
a river without a boat, 
will die without any regret, 
(said of reckless persons), 

po \foo p'ang hoh sze 
i mo fooi^ che; an angry 
tiger cannot successfully 
tackle the local dragon (i.e., 
a new-comer is at a 
disadvantage iu a contest 



TIG 



684: 



TIG 



with an old band) 

^ R ^# iiij ffl m 

^maang foo 'm taii^ talc ti 
t'au luung; he forced the 
tiger to jump the wall 
{i.e., gave hira no other 
alternative), fg g J^g^ 
j^ "^k'ne 2^c^- Voo tin' 
ts'enng; because the tiger 
was gentle, you took him 
for a sick cat {i.e., you 
presumed on his for- 
bearance),^^|lgg^ 

faat' ivai ni tomf peng^ 
maau', successful is he who 
may step on a tiger's tail 
without being bitten, ^^ 

mi pat chat van haanfj. 

Tiger-lily, ^j^ ^knen-taan. 

^ig^^'^' ^ '^kan. ^ hang; 
pull tight, ^ ^ mang' 
kan, ^ ^ moon kan; 
keep the eyes tight shut, 
J^ ii ^ a^ mi maai 
shewig Sigaan; very tight 
(hard up for money), ^ 



kan maang maang; 
fasten it tighter, jg^lj^ 
''kaaii knn ti; to press 
tight, j^ ^ kaa]) kan; 
a little less tight, ^ ^ 
n^ suung se ti; tie tight, 
^^ ^ V^wi7 /^''/^»; very 
tight (close, secretive), ^jj* 
^■^ ho hang ; tight as a 
drum, i^^^^'ig ue 
Vi;oo c/it /i;an mat; tight 
(stingy, cl OSS-fisted), — • 

4 >f* 'K y^^ ^^ P^^ P^^' 
tight (tipsy) ^g$ ^yum 

tsae ; money is tight, "fh" 

JlftP ^ '^^^^ sheung' 
ngan hau kan. 
Tighten, ^ .^ /aai V£a?^, 

Tightly, ^ /i:rw?; fasten it 
tightly (by passing a string 
through it), %^^ 
koon kan \'ae; cork it 
tightly, ;j>n ^ fg cAa^ 
shat k'ue; stop it up 
tightly, '^ j£ |g cAa^ 
chue ^k'ue. 



TIL 



585 



TIL. 



Tile, % 'nga, (round) %lT] 
'nga-'t'uung, (flat) j^ ^^ 
nga-*7>'i/?; written tiles 
(placed ill graves as proof 
of ownership), ^^p ti' 
huen; glazed tiles, ^ J^ 
^ hiu li nga; green 
mossy covering on tiles, ^^ 
^^ ^nga Sm; tiled steps, 

pg^ ^ ^^^^(> fs'ai^; to tile 
a roof, ^ ^ ts'ai^ '"ga; 
imperial (yellow) tiling ^ 
^ wong ^nga; rows of 
tiles ^(sfj 'nga haang, 

%m 



nga 



luung; a 



tiled roof, ^ ^ ^nga 
niin"", ^ ^ Siga pooi^, 
^J^ nga i'e/?y; ordinary 
red tiles used for floors, j^^ 
1^ kaai chuen; to tile a 
floor, ji||i-t^ chuen ti'; 
move tiles (for exercise), 
j^ ^ wan' pilc^ ; concave 
tiles, 'JJ^ leng pik\ 
^ K ^''^'"''^i' ^"ga; to 
lay tiles, ^^ ^'oi ""nga; 



Tiler K S;^: rifj W ^'^' 
^nga ss^' foo\ 

Till, (money drawer), ^^ 

;fg ts'in *kwai'. 

Till, ^] t'>\lk l"aP< ^ot 

till 1 am back, g^l^f 0^ 

faan lai che^; waited til' 

the last moment, ^ 

5IJ irH- ng n '^«''^ 

to' kom^ muni' moon; 
argued till he could say no 
more,,^^JfM-rjgi'«^' 
to ^k'ue 'mo sheng\ laughed 
till he ached, ^Sljljifll 
shf' to" Wo ts'f'Ic. 

Till, (to) P gg 1caang-i'\n; 
till the fields, |£tI3 ch'oh 
t'in. 

Tiller (of the soil), ^^ 
nuung foo, ^f BB ® /-^a^niir 
t'in ^lo. 

Tiller, (of a boat) j^^fj 
't'aai-;;mr/, Y^L ftl '^'o 
t'uung, j|^ ^ 't'aai nga; 
take the tiller, i^ ^ cha 
^t*aai; let go the tiller. 
suung ^t'aai. 



TIL 



586 



TIM 



Tiller-rope, |f #5$i 't'aai 

pevg* sheiig. 
Tilt, ^^ taii-%i; tilt it 

o^er, )ff ^\ HIV chaap- 

Tilt-hammer, ^^i| chiiung' 
ch'iii, -j^^^ taai' ch'ui. 

Timber, ;;;^7Jn^ nuiuk-liu'; a 
timber raft, -k^ ^ ch'aam 
p'aai; timber merchant, "^ 
jS" mnnk slienng; timber 
yard, ;;f;g mnuk ^ch'ong; 

to fell timber, '^J ;jyi^ 4* 
"^ i^ ''to Inm chuung ke^ 

shue\ ^J^fjt "^^""'^ ^^*^- 
Timbrel, /Kg^ ^siu ^koo, 
^M^ toa/i mill '^Icoo. 
Time, g^ shi, g^ -^ shi- 
hau\ (set) ^ k'i, (at, or 
keep) '2p ^■/^^«m, ^^ [J;^ 
kwong yum\ mark time in 
music, ^ =^ /s/7' ngok, 
■^"n ^ ^5^^' /'srt?^'; keep 
time in music, j^ ^ to' 
hiiuk; at that time, ^^ 
^ 7^'oi shi: allow more 

time, ^^gfig V M 

yat k'i; at this time, ^/gJH 



B^ 1^ »t /coA' shi hau^ 
the first time, ^ P^ t'au 
fo''2e'; time flies like an 
arrow, 3t|ttl^ /r^ron<7 
yum ^ts'ze /^zn^ fixed time, 
^^ teng k'i; timiC flies 
like a shuttle, Q J^ ^p 
/^ yat net ue so; kill time, 
f^ m] *''^^ haan; husband 
one's time, ^ -)^ [J^ s/A; 
hrong gum: extend the 
ti™6, ^ P^ /con haan ; 
past the time fixed, ^ 
K^ hroh haan''; just in 
good time, jE ^ ^ 
cheng^ cheuk shi; discuss 
it next time, [E|^:g|8; 
ooi loi tsoi shuet ; the 
previous time, h^ — [^ 
sheung yat ooi; time and 
again, ^£ [eJ _^ ^ saam 
ooi ng ^s'sifi^; this time, 
^|gJ ni ooi; yet time to 
repent (lit., the shore is 
still behind you), [e] ^ 
;^ /^ ooi t'au shi' ngohn ; 
you have come in the nick 
of time, most opportunely, 



TIM 



587 



TIM 



jast when you were needed, 

tin ch^am ""ni lai chup ^ma 

ski; wasted time (lit., to 

<.'limb a tree to seek for 

fish), # tK * ^ uen 
muuk k'an ue; to stay for 
a time, ^ ^ kit' kite; 
another time, ^ ^ hau 
ooi ; periods of time, H$ 
-^ shi leng'; spare time, 
^^ ^ ne lik; leisure time, 

few "^ "^""' ^M. "® 
ha ; take your own time, 

m^ 'ts'png pin'; a long 
time, j(^ ^ noi' /i;ff?<; a 
favorable time (met; 
wedding day), ^SQ Icaai 
k*i; have not a moment of 
spare time, ^ :S' ^ BS 
ch^ati shan pat ha ; improve 
the time, ^B^'^ ch'-an 
shi hau ; in time it will 

break, Q ^ JHPtffl ^^^ 
tsze noi Wi laan'; the time 
is up, y^ ^ moon k'i; 
day time, Q J^ yat Tcaan^ 
time and tide wait for no 



man. 



^ ^ yat uet shai^ i' sui* 
pat ngoh ue. 
Times, (occasions) [jjj ooi, ^^ 
rheung^, ?^ fe'se , ^^ pin , 
■^ wan, (three times three 
are nine) ^£ ^ ^ ^ 
saani-saam-koi- kau, ^^^^ 
^P^ saam-saam-ne- kau; 
in times gone by, j^>|^ 
;^ j5|lj iu so^ ts'uung ts'in, 



in former times, =^ H^ 
.siA; shi; indulgent at times 

tsan ; halcyon times, [J^|^ 
shi yuung; several times, 
^'^ Va wun, ^\rf\ ^i 
^ha; pound it hundreds of 
times more, ^ ^ ^ Q 
i^J^ chuiing toll ki paal^ 
tui ; bad times, p^jj^jfj^ 
_^ 'm %o shai kaai ; 
every body has his times 
of ill-luck, -^ ^ ^ ^ 

"■yau saam chin leung yat; 
behind the times (expression 
applied to one who is old- 



TIM 



588 



TIM 



fashioned, or a ' slow coach '), 

po^ f-iiuny sliue tuuk to *"lo. 
Timely, ^H$^ cheuk-shi- 

hau\ (early) J|L Vsr?, ~J^ 

H^ k'up shi. 
Time-server, gg M© *^^'"^" 

fuung-n'mg . 
Time-table, B$ Jg |p. shi 

shan taan. 
Timid 
Timorous 

sat , ^0^ mo-Vaam, 0# 

*[J 'taam-hip\ ^^, ^ 

mo f/w'^ ///', j\j\ '1'^ 5M>/i 

^ P'i 



taam- 



min 



pok; timid as a hare, ^j^ 
/J"*^^ /aam siMuet'o ; 
he is far too timid (lit., 
thinks ghosts are in the 
fore part, and thieves in 
the after part of the ship), 

^ k'ue shueu t'au fong 
''kivai %\\Vi&n mi /w^ ts'aak. 
Timidity, JB'[J Www hi}^ ; 
carefulness without the 
rules of propriety becomes 



timidity, ^Ifif^jjf^H 

]^ shan^ i mo "^lai tsak 

c 
saa%. 

Timidly, ^|i^^ ^sutrng in. 

Tin, ^ sek'; tribute tin, j^ 
^ kuung^ seh ; block tin, 
^^ Hn sek ; Straits' tin, 

■^ ^} ^^^^ ^^^ y Banca 
tin, ^^ fa sek'; a tin 
of condensed milk, — -^ll 
^^H yat liooit' ngau "^naai. 

Tincture, ^ Jg yeuk-Vsaw, 
^ p^ ^tsau-hoi; tincture 
of iron, ^ ^g Pit Hsau; 
tincture of rhubarb, "^^ 
^ taai^ wong ^saw; to 
tincture, jfjp ^ «;« shiky 
^ g 'im sA/Z:. (See Tint). 

Tinder, jAcgf^ >A-mooi- 
yuung, jj/c|^ >A yuung;. 
a tinder-case with steel and 
flint, jfc ^ ^ 'foh Urn 
paau. 

Tinder-box, J^j:^^ 'foh- 
mooi-s eung. 

Tine, ^"j^ ch'a chH. 

Tinfoil, ^^. 5e^'*-*pok. 



TIN 



589 



TIX 



Tinge, ^ Djj 'i>n-/». 

im, ')}\\ ^ /ca shik; this 

water is tinj,'ed with blood, 

ti ''shiii wai hurt^ im 
huung; tinged with, ^^ 
^ D^ taai^ "^yau //. 

Tingle, pip] ^heung; make 
one's ears tingle, ^ ^^ 
^suung Peng: to tingle in 
the ears, I^Rj^ i meng. 

Tinker, ^ ^ sau po. 

Tinkle, ^3@P|h] ^^»^-^o«^- 
^hewig; a tinkling sound, 

Tin-mine, ^^^ ^^^^^^ hcong^. 

Tin-plate, ,^ P ^ ^ma- 

^hau-t-ii', -^ ^ yeung 

Tinsel, ^ :ffi ^ & ^'^'"'- 

/«- feVi-huung, ^^ ^M 
t'uung pok; tinsel leaves 
(on a graduate's cap), ^^ 
^ t'uung ip; a tinsel 
maker, ^ ^ f^ Ara^m /« 
tseung\ 
Tint of, (tinge of) ^^ 
QM ^aa?'^- yau-ft'. 



Tiny, ^ »^^///, p^^jip] »/7^/z- 

^•^»^ ^%\ ^«*^-^«»^ ^ 
/K mi ^siii\ in tiny groups, 

E£ ^ ^ M *^^^^ ^""'" 

Meung'leung; atiny particle, 
J^^ As'iw/ ho; the tiniest 
particle of, ^* ^^ ho li; 
the tiniest fraction, ^^§(1^' 
^ tik koin toh\ tiny 
ailments are difficult to 
cure, (lit., coughs and colds 
make a Doctor frown), ^ 

sheung fuung k^at sau^ i 
shang mi t'au tsau'. 
Tip, ^^ tsim-chhie'- tip 
him, |^nfl{)oJg-^ V ^» 
pooi' ^ shall; tip up a sedan 
chair, ^^ ^ chong kiu; 
take up with the tips of 
^ nui 



rit*> 



the fingers, 
chi; the tip of the nose, 
^ y^ pi^ fiien; a tip (to 
a waiter), ^ ^ sheung 
tip; a tip (to a coolie), ^ 
^ ch'a A;mw, |^<^ haai 
kum; tips for putting on 
heels, 1^ ^ ^ haai *"mi 



TIP 



590 



TIP 



tmri; the tip of the tongue, 
■^ 4^ shit tsini; the tip 
of a pen, §^^put fining; 
to tip with silver, J^ ^ 
^^^1^ 'i wg'Anpaau 
k'i fsim fan; to tip over, 
-jHlJ ^ r/i«7;; clnieiv'; don't 
tip it over, ^P^fjjmo 
chaap r/m/^. 
Tipple, -^ia" ''yum-kwaan , 
Y^ i'sa?^; what's your 

tipple ? -1^ -{^ S* V«»" 
mat ye. 

Tippler, ^^MXM^ 
ioh ^yum ^tsau pat tsue^ 
che, ®f|l4 ^tmu sin. 
Tipsy, :=|1§^ poon Uue ; to 

get tipsy, '^JlJS? //^^^ 
to" tsue\ 
Tiptoe, ^ ^ Ji.;;p ngan^-lw- 
TceuJc^, (of expectation) ^ 
^ ^ ngcuv' -keulc' -mowg, 
to stand on tiptoe, SQ ^ 
rS /ft/i ho t'au; he came 
in on tiptoe, tgg|®^ 

/«' keuk ^cM mi hang 
yup loi. 



Tip-top, "^ — ' tai yat, -J- 
^ ^fiif shap fun '^ho; ^ 

j^ ^ fiS T W ^««"^ 

Tirade, 5M">^>^W ^^^^^^^^^9 
taai"* /ce^ in; ^ ^l!^ ^o 
t'aara. 

Tired, ^'^ kin -kuen^ ^ 
pj A't/i^-kooi\ ^ f§ 
slum kuen ; very tired, ^j5 
^ '^ V^o 7m?? kuen^ 
rather tired, ^ ^^Hl 
kooi' nflfl't' (^naai) ti ; if 
you like it you'll never be 
tired of it, # itt 7 3 
lok ''ts'-ze 2)at p'i. 



Tiresome (tedious) 



p'i 



ch'eung-/i/ , 

naan. 
Tiring-woman, ^j^g Jg ^l| 

shoh t'au ma. 
Tissue, ^ ^^ loh-raun, ^^ 

ts'-ai-^eng-kp\ tissue of the 

t)ody, ft ^ 2 H *»■ 
yuuk ^e'* fAa^; tissue of a 
plant, TJ^y^W niuuk ke 
chat; tissue paper, ^ ^ 



TIT 



591 



TIT 



01 



k'oi \va^ ke^ pok c/ti, M 

Tit-bit, ^ ^ ^mi mi ; to 
take the tit-bits, (lit., to 
skim off the fat), j(U ^ 
^ }>'it ko •mill'. 

Tithe, +^;2 — s'i=^P 

fun (hi ijatx to tithe, ^J 
~\'ji^ — • ts^ue shap fun' 
yat; tithing-man, -^ -^ 

^ ^ /:««/?'' i>o; the 
tithiiig-inilitia system, {& 

Kuiidreds and Tithings, 

Titillate, i^\^ '^chanit. 
Title. @^ tsuen-ho\ "g 
::^ ^oo/?-haam, (title to) 

I'hek fan', ^^^ /f/i ho'; 



an 



official title, 



r/if'k uen, ^fJX c-^e/v haam, 
^ ^ t'au haam; to 
confer a title, j)\] ^ ka 
chek; to call out the titles 
(as at a Levee), PM ^ 



ch^eimg^ haani; May I ask 
what is your title? |f|Pi5 
^t W ^^''^'^9 mun' t'oi 
Voo; titles of nobility, "^ 
^* ^spj^A;' fuwiff; to get 
a title by purchase. ^^ 
^?/m haam, :;|^ ^ /rum 
r/i/'Z;; title of Kiijiit 
graduates, "^J^ unin fooii 
dynastic title, fe)]^ min' 
ho ; titles of Confucius, 
*M.^ s?w? ni, ^^ •^'^f'l 
foo'', ^ ^ j^ mun sueii 
wong, ^^^ •?'''^'/' sheng^\ 
hereditary title, 1^] "^ 
s/ia/ fseuk^-^ hereditary 
title in perpetuity, [Ih ^ 
j^.^C .5//r/*' tsaap mong 
fai^; to inherit a title, ^B 
p^ tsaap yj^w'; title of a 
book, ^ ^ </i2<(9 meng. 
Title-page, ^ji^ shiie-miii*y 
^ -^ ^ .s/iwe-meng-^f^/. 

Titter, ;^^ ^t s^w'. 
Tittle, ^^% 52e ho. 



TIT 



592 



TO 



Tittle-tattle, ^ ^ chiii'- 
•wa\ j^ ;^ fl^ 0^ c7ii- 
tf/w-cha*-cha . 

Titular, ^^igfl^^ /iws meng 

mo sbat. 
Tmesis, ^ ^ ;2 ^ /«» 

in cA» ^we\ 
To, ^ \\e, ^ Z;?^oA\ (up to) 

^^J c^ii -to , (in Older to) 

;§^ yuuk; all roads lead to 

^ lea ka moon '^hau Pining 
pak keng; to go to school, 
■^^^ //2^(?' s7ii/e /coon; 



drink to excess, '^fSxM 
1^ yum tsau kwoli to'; 
in order to, \>X % ]i['^ 
i wai, ]^ ^ i f/a'; to 
my knowledge, BS ^ ^ 
^^ f^/<< ngoh Vdo^ c/it; 
to make to pattern, BS'^ 
'^ c7«M^ yeung' tso^; give 

it to me, # 3ll5 -^ >• 
kivoli' ngoh; opposite to, 
^ ^ /?« min ; to and 
fro, ^ ^ f± ^± loi loi 
*^wong Svong^ ^ffi loi" 



Vong; to old age, ^|J ^ 
to lo; about to go, ^,9-^ 
5e?;/?</ A2^e i give a thought 
to it, i® — ^ 'seung 
yat ^seung; things have 
come to a head, !^^|j^§ 
5|5 sze to t'au loi; come 
to hand, ij^ ^J shau to ; 
to come to naught, >^\^v 
]^ 'pit 2^a.t sheng; to fight 
to the bitter end, ^J ^|J 
^k tct to *^mi; game to 
the backbone, -jsr |§ ^|J 
;^ taai to«??i to kek; 
he arrived to the minute, 
IE '& G$ JlJ climg hop 
shi to \ did it to his cost, 
tS JlJ '[§ fcso' to fooi; 
turned to stone, ^^'j^ 
J^ jom i wai shek; Pay 
respect to written paper 
{i.e., don't defile it, burn 

tsze chi\ I belong to 
another province, ^ "^ 

t(YjI}f. 'ngoli hai' ngoi' 
kong ke ; face to face, ^ 
^^ min' ^MJ' min ; I 



TO 



593 



TOB 



took him to task, ^ "^ 
S j^ ngoli taai ma 
Vue; To arms! Jg^jJi^H" 
ue' pi' ts'eimg; To horse ! 

Toad, *^ *g k'nm-^k'ue, 



ho}?- kwaai. 
Toad-stools, (edible), i^ ^ 
ti' /ij'oi , ^ Ju^ /'so A'oo, 

Toady, (/i7., run after the 
successful and court the 
powerful), J|^|#^ 
tsHie im foo^ shai ; toadied 
tohim,=EBfffg5l]Shaai 
talc ^k'ue /o\ 

Toast, (to)i^//o»/, i^;^ 
^o/?<jr -fcjM; to toast bread, 
'y^^'^ hong^-miVi^-paan; 
to toast the beard (at 
manhood), j[^ ^ yuun'' 
so; a slice of toast, — <]^ 

*>JnL IS "S y(^t faai' hong' 
min"* jortaz^. 
Toast-rack, i^ ^ ^ ^ 
Aow^ min^ ^?arti< ka'. 



Tobacco, ijj§ ^ 271 -ip, j|g 
m; raw tabacco, Z^ j^ 
shaang m; prepared, or 
cured tobacco, ^ ^ 
shuuk in, ;g iflQ ineng m; 
scented tobacco (for the 

hookah), ;;|[C^ ^^^^^^ ^^'* 
tobacco shop, ^ jj^ in 
lum; a tobacco pipe, ^'[^'j^ 
in t'uung, i^-^ in '^taai; 
to smoke tobacco, p^ /|Q 
yaak'* in; to chew tobacco, 
P^i^j^ tseuk in. 
To-day, <^ Q /c?<w-yat, ;^ 
;wo« yat; from to-day, 
onward, ^ pfq ;^ kum 
i hau ; to-dav does 



not secure to-morrow's 
affairs, 4D3;f;^;8^DJ 
'^. kum chill pat po meug 
chiu sze . 
Toddle, iri!^pf;pftp]; tut-'ha- 

tut-'ha, 3fe $ffl # fi" ^^'^ 
sap po hang. 
Toe, ^/ilh keuK 'chi, (of a 
shoe) ^ g^ haai-t'an, 
(great-) jjlp f^jh /g^ Tcetik^ 
chi kuung; an odd toe. 



TOE 



594 



TOG 



i-S: p'eng mail; to lift up 
the toes, j^ ^jt ^'^ue chi; 
to cut off one's toes to 
escape the bites of sand 
bugs, i.e., to make great 
sacrifices to gain any 
particular object, ^ ^p 
Mlt^lll^^ fArtr»» keuk 
chi pi"* sha ch'uung; from 

top to toe, Q^ MSl 
tsze shan chi tstiu/c. 
Together, ^ j^ kuung 
maai, |^ J|| t'uung maai, 
'/i«-maai, (united) 0"- j^ 
wjrt-maai, ^ kuung\ [^j 
— • ^ t'uung-//f//-*ts'ai; 
huddled together, ^ ^ 
jSf la tsaap maai; rolled 
together, ^i^ ''"'/(^ maai; 
to sew furs ^^ together, 
J^ ]^ ^;'e»y p'i rs'o; 
nicely patch together, ;J^?P 
ij^ jo'e?i^ ho; to meet 
together, W |^ ooi 
t'uung; go all together, jsj 
— '"BJ-^ t'uung yat ts^ai^ 
hue ; agree to keep together, 
^ jg hii ^lue; all 



together, ^jg ts'ai "^lue; 
go together, ^^-^ w« 
maai Aj^s ; lump it all 
together, ^ :^|g — ■ ^ 
/5V«< maai ?/«^ A/ , ^:H^ 
— ' ;^ ^^'^ maai yr<? Ai; 
well go together, ^ |^ 
fj^ ^ ^ngol^ t'uung ^ni 
Ai^e ; wait till all are 
together, ^^ tang ts'ai; 
take all together, and put 

it yonder, ^M.^'^J^t 
laap maai chai koh^ shue ; 
taken all together, how many 
are there ? iffi j:^ ^ ^ 
^ /af/7;^ maai yau /rt 
toh\ to fold together, ;^ 
;^ cAiJL> maai; to consult 
together, ^gH kuung i; 
rise together, -^[^ i'P^'^ 

A?; stand together, i^~u^ 
7;p7i^ laap; sit together, 
i^ ^ 1'^"^ ts'oh ; living 
together, ;|ig ^ 5e?«?^ 

fA'w; leagued together *^ 
^1^ /i^jY lin ; taken together, 
^ i^ lin maai; to stick 
together, ;;J5g ^ seu?;^ 



TOG 



595 



TOI 



kaaii; banded tocjether (for 
good or evil), ^^ l^nnu 
lin; to rank together, j^J 
^ij t'uiinp: lit; to piu 
together, ^^f kin' chum\ 
to take all together, i.e., 
at one haul, — ■ jjjj^ :^ 
yat koo 7iaan; to scrape all 
together, ^ ^ -^ i^ 
hiet raaai yat tui, ;j^ j^ 
11^ luet maai scraP: press 
it together, ^ j^ karq) 
maai, J^ ^ /trm//' chue'; 
pull close together, ^gi^ 
^ch^e maai. 

Togs, Toggery, ^ ^ ' 
sbeung, '^^^ i fuuk. 

Toil, ^ % haam V, ^ ^ 
^ lo->., (to) Hd ^ 
k'an-lo, ^ ^ 1o-7j«/^'; 
toiling and moiling, ^'^ 
^ ^ //Hn i^'o/i lo yoo; 
those who toil, ^ :^ lo 
^che; laborious toil.^ :^j^ 
■^ ^ itm /'i« 7;<?(?^' foo ; 
the toils of warfare, y^ 
'^5*^^ liohu Sua Icuung 
lo; unselfish toil, gfj ^ 



haau lo; to toil all one's 
lifelong, ^5^^^ ^S'lo 
''foo cliuung shan\ the toils 
of the hunter, ^ ]fj^ lip 
niong. 

Toilet, ^^^^^ clidng-slian- 
t'oi, (lady's) ^^g chomi- 
lira; her toilet is done, ^^ 
tS^fe^S f/'^'/'y paan' ''hi 
h(i; paper toilet burned to 
the Seven Sisters (spirits of 
the Pleiades), ^jfe ^^ ^ 
shoh chong p'oon; a toilet- 
case, ^ g /:^»/7' lim; 
toilet table, ^}|l±^^ shoh 
chong t'oi. 

Toilsome, ^ ^ lo 'foo J| 
naan. 

Token, IBS^ i/^ho', ^ 
ho ; a small token of my 
affection, y|^^M sia i 
sze ; as a token of my 
friendship, J^l^^g' 
i piu chi 01 ; rank tokens, 
J^ S suen t'ai, ^E S 
yuuk t'ai: in token of 
assent, j^ \ 
inu bop i . 






TOL 



696 



TOL 



Told, (V. Tell), fj Jg wa 

hwoh . 
Toledo, XMM^ sheung^ 

tang kim meng. 
Tolerable, fjC%'^ t^o -talc. 

ku'oh\ ^^'g^ '^shaauna.rig, 

•^ D^(l /«ro/i talc hue ti; 
a tolerable translation, pj* 

AoA i ku'oh ta/c^ hue Ice 
faan yik; a tolerable 
entertainment, ^|^ '^ ^^ 
shaau kaai ke aan . 



W. 



Tolerably, pj^l ^ ll§^ chunng 
"tan/ti; p^^^^to 
suen /a Vw, ^^ ''shaau; 
tolerably well done. "pT W 
#! |g 'AoA 'i tso' te^; I 
am tolerably well, ^ ^ 

~y* ffl iJ 'ngoh shan 

tsze shaau ho; he speaks 

Cantonese tolerably well, 

■h^ k'ue shuet poon ti wa' 



to sum ki ho. 



Tolerance, W^A^nyuung, 
^ ^, yuung 'yan, ^ 
^, /o(^;i s/iwe', fi'^ yam' 
yau. 

Tolerant, -f^/^ @ ^ yam' 
yan tsze' pin . 

Tolerate, 'f^;^ yum''-ts'uung, 
^ liS yuung-iszm??/; I 
cannot tolerate you any 

longer, ^ Pg # t# f^T^ 
^\ ngoh 'm yuung ?«A; 
""ni kwoh ; can tolerate, ^^ 
^M. ^ ngaau tak hi; all 
religions are tolerated ia 

China, r^m^^Mm 

A ^ tr^M ^ 'huun^ 
kivok^ kok kaau^ kaai 
^chuun yan fuung hang mo 
kum . 
Toleration, ■j^^ ^ yam' yau, 

Toll, 31^ 5S ® ^^'^'^^^' lo' 
•ts'in, i§l\^^ kivoli 
k'iu *ts'in, ^'IJp) shui^ 
heung; to toll a bell, "^ 
^^ Vrt chuung. 

Toll-booth, ^ 1^ ^ fceng' 
s^wi fong. 



TOM 



^97 



TOX 



Toll-bar, ^:$!|^ sole' ts'in 

chaap. 
Toll-brid-c, ^? ® Ifn solz 

ts'in k'iiu 
Toll-gathcrcr, ij^fft'g s/i^'^ 

Tomato, ■<^^^^ kum-i9,'m- 
Jcat, ^^li f'iiin-*\Ci'. 

Tomb, i^ ^ fiin-mo , 
(vaiiltod) 0j| J^ meng- 

''fh^uwu/; to woi'ship at 
the tomb, J^ ^ taap 
U^eng; the Tomb festival, 
commonly known as Chinese 
Easter, f^^ AvVh// meng; 
to repair tombs, ^^i[^ so^ 
fun; to \vorship at the 
tombs, ^^t. i:^ paai fun; 
an abandoned tomb, ^i^ 
fonff fun: to prepare a 
tomb, ^J^ kwut cn'fnnn/: 
the Imperial tombs, ^[j^ 
\voh<2: lenir. ^^ K^ Vs*m»« 
leng, |§§J^ leng \h'Hung; 
to worsiiin at and to repair 
the tomb>, ^^ V^tat so^\ 
the tomb of ConfuciuB, ^ 
38 



^ .s/ifn/ Trik; the t(>ml> 
of the Chenns: family (the 
character ijj shaan, is 
commonly used in tin's 
sense) ^^LU '-'"'^"V/ '''^''^''''»- 

Tom-boy, Ml^ Z:k^ 
f!<'o Ho Ice' ^nne tsze. 

Tomb-stone, ^]i?{l mo ju'. 

Tome, — . ^p gof. po\ — . 
~^^^ /yi'// taai' kucn. 

Tomfoolery, ^^-^-^^ 



ch'ifwi- lU'iiuii-Dgoi- 



uogi-sze -hohn\ 
To-morrow, ^^ [^ tmg-jaty 

^ [J meng-yat. 
Ton, i^ tan, +^^^^0 sh^>. 

lauk-^wm . 
Tone, ^ -g" she)ig-J/inii; to 

sing in a drawling tone 

and high pitched key, ^^ 

-f- ^oi pong ^tsze hong; 
What tone has it? ^^ 
^^/^ hai mat sheng ni ? 
Has it the same tone ? [gl 

^ (^ |SJ Jft t'"""?: //'""- 
'm t'unng ni ? the uneven 

tones, n^ ^ fA^/c sheng; 



TON 



598 



TOX 



mic 



winning tones, 
slieng 



lU 

clear tones, IH^P^ 

lining leung ; the right 

tone, m ^ @ t'iu tsze^ 

fiheng; tones and Bounds, 



subdued tone, 



a/iw^, ^1^^ ^^"' 2/"'''; the 
four tones (in pronuncia- 
tion) ^ ^ .si'e s/iip;?^, 
viz: the even, the ascending, 
the receding, and the 
entering tones, ^^ J[^ 

.^heng, 'sheung sJieng, hue' 
sTiPng yvn[) sheng; the lower 
tone, ~J\ ^ ha sTiengx 
mark the tones, ^ ^ 
7n<e/i shong; words of the 
same sound rhyming to- 
gether in different tones, 

ra K ffi ga '''' '^^'^'0 

t'uung *\vun'; rhymes in 
the even and deflected 
tones,^2pgi|;;gPp'eng 
*\vun chak *\vuu''; the tone 
of society, ^^ )^ mun 
faung, jH, ^ fuimg la, 



n 



hang wai; to alter 



the tone of society, ^^-^ 
^ JU^ i yik mun fmmg;. 
to alter one's tone, ^C^ 

Tongs, j/^ $^- yb/i k'im; a 
set of fire-irons, shovel and 
tongs, -^P]||0y«//b/ 
ch'aan k'im. 

Tongue, fi^ |fl] t'iu ][\ ^ 
r5 shit-t'au; the tongue 
like a sword, and the lips 
like spears, {mrf.) pointed 
sarcasm, ^ ^jj § If 
shit Jam shuun ts'eung; fur 
on the tongue, M>lJ ^ li^ 
'/; benumb the tongue by 
eating anything too hot, 

put out your tongue, -Yflj 

ch'uut lai; double-tongued, 
^ P ^ PflJ saam %tu 
leung li^; a furred tongue, 
SllliU'lmai,J^ll)}^lP 
foi; as smooth-tongued as a 
cat seller, M IS ^ P 
maai i/icaic horn ^Itau 



TON 



599 



TOO 



kok^; a slip of the tongue, 

^hat ^fuiu; four liorsts can- 
not, over take tlic tongue, 
I.P., give a lie the start, and 
it cannot be over taken, J^ 

shit; glib-tougueil, ^ ;^ 

Tongue-tied, |^ B^l) ^•/*'»-li', 



i«/>i 



3^ /^a/r-^uga, ^- J^ 
1^ shit t'au naat, ^± ^ 
/r/^ shit. 

Tonic, (med.) ^| jj]^ V 
/f?^!?^ ; a topic used in 
pregnancy, {^ ^; > 
^clV'ttcm; to take tonics, ^^ 
j^ ^ ^po huet' yeuk; 
tonics, aphrodisiacs, i^f:j§ 
imn ^po; a tonic dictionary, 
>5J^ fjji ^ m /mi wuu' 
tsze^ ^liii. 

To-night, -^j^ /-""i- maan. 

Tonnage, f^^^'^Z M 
"^ shuen Asoi"* /(/// /re"* 
A/»y/^ chuung^; tonnage dues, 
^ -^J; shuen ch^aaii^-. 
coast-wise tonnage certi- 



licate, j^«Jj;ftfl?. 
mill shnca ch'aan cUup 
chill'. 

Tonsil, 110"^ i^ hau hat. 

Tonsure, ^ ^ lok -/<<«/ , 
S'iSffl loh ^o/»^' '/f';»^. 

Too, ^ t'aai\ ^^^ hcoh'- 
t'au, ^|j(^ /'//j-tsai^, (also) 
^ to; too large and broad, 
)f^-^ /.s'o taai^ too little, 
insufficient, ^R_ ^"^ V»c/?. 
.<///u ; much too short, ^^ 

IxPii'M ^^"''" cliHt' kom 
^tiu-ii; too many, ^\^\% 
toll, ink hau; too late for 
i repentance, f^j^^J^ f<^oi^ 
han^ ch'i; too late to reach, 

S 5f5 7 R ^^^'^ ^^^ ^^'^ 
k'up; Is it too late? ^ 

US. :;M ch'i 'm ch'i; Too 

late : ^ [^ ch'i hiii; he 

came to late, jg^jj^^^^ 

^k'ue loi talc ch'i; rather 

too much, 15^^ leuk to/t; 

don't be in too great a 

hurry, Pg 1$ :;tC ^ '°» 

.s/irt/ i'rtrtt^ /:«/;'; make too 
much of it, /J> S ^ ft 



TOO 



eoo 



TOO 



'^siu t'ai taai' tsok^; too 

short, ^11515: '/'"'" ^^^''■'^ 
r/i'tf; too fine, ^j® S§ 
'//Y// /c/ro/i' fan; too fast, | 

® ?M SS '^^'^'""^ '•"*'''' 

ta'u; too fastidious, :f^^ 

^ ^ Z^'?''' ^^"i' '^""^^^ 
t'au; too light weight, *!§ 
pfi. ^ maan 'in A/a^^; 
too little, ^^ ^shiu se; 
too dazzling, ^ ^[-^ 
fun' ngoi' kicong; too many 
at it (/.'".. too many cooks), 

4:-^ AW ^-^'^^ ''^•^'«« 
7war' Z-^?^Z''; too few, ^ 
A^ Pani^ ^shiK; too much 

for me, p|- ^ t# fe '"^ 

shengVrt/c hi; eat too much, 
^vrS '^paau Snoon; much 
too little, ^^'R t'aaP 
pat k'up; too early, ^J^-^ 
t'aai' ^tso; too small, ^ 
yK frt^t' *^s»i<; too great, 
-^ ^M R^ taai' talc tsai' ; 



far too insipid, f^^^ 
taam' to/c tsai\ 



Tool, /^f^ /r.-V^/', |g, . 
/«''-kue ; the mechanic who 
wishes to do his work well, 
must first sharpen his tool, 

§§; huung yuuk shin k'i 
sze 2^// sin li k'i /a'; the 
carpenter's tools, ^ j^ 

/a Vf/Zi kin mat. 
Tooth, ^ nga, ;3^ "^ nga- 
V/i'/, (a) ^3^ f^^y^'-nga; 
molars and upper front 
teeth, ^^ nga ^chH-, a 
set of teeth, — §|J3^ !/»t 
fix? nga; teeth chattering 
with cold, ^ -^p jj. 
nga ch'-i ta hca ; teeth 
firmly clenched, ^^^ 
^ nga hvaan kan ^;r//' ; 
strong teeth, i.p., argumen- 
tative, ^ ^ nga lik; 
to extract teeth, ^^ 

3"tti5lv '"^^''•^ ngac/i'jm^ 
loi; to "stop" teeth, ^^ 
5^ sfjm^ nga. 
Tooth-ache, ^ J^ nga- 
ihiung . 



TOP 



601 



Tor 



Tooth-briisjli, 5f" l^'J ".^'»- 

Toothless, 1^ ^^ moot (//'», 

^ 3f '"'0 iig^, fl "^ 
mo r/r/; ;i toothless old 
mail, ^ ^ ^ mo iiga 
yiiung-, did not utter a 
miirmnriiig word, though, 
till lie was toothless, he 
had onlv coarse rice to eat, 

fciau^ sliok tsze^ moot ^rW'i 

mo trn"" in. 
Tooth -[laste, -^ ^ nga /w. 
Tooth-pick, 3f ^ nga-^s'/w. 
Tooth-powder, ^ ^ nga- 

Top, Tp g| V«i^-*t'au; a 

top, jg ^ teng' lok; I 

am top now, ^/g P|^ -(^ 

^ — ^ ,,t Chan' hai' 

ngoh yat net; tops on a 

"'^s^ ^S M: ^^^ P'oon» 

^B -^ "'^' ^'^'"' ^''^ ^OP 
of a mountain, [Jjl^xAnfrm 

/e»/7: the top of the water, 

■^^ V/ja'min ; from top 

to toe, ^ SI M JJJ van 



t'au ihi^ ki'iik ; take ofT the 
toFN^tte*© V'it' hue' 
min''; put on top, :}f -^ 

j A« taaji. 

i Topaz, f^ U 3g 't'aam 
wong yuuk. 
Toper, j^ ^f^ ^ hn^ ^ywn 



/sr/« die. 



Topiary work, ^ "^ 



/ra^ /."or;-snue . 



Topic, ^ ^ t'ai-muuk; 
topic of conversation, g^ 
1^ wa' peug\ fJIg wa' 



^7rt 



Topography, ^^^ ti' 
li f/i/'' ; general topography^ 

Topple over, ^ ^ ji^uuJC' 

cJmeii. 
Topsy-turvy, M^ tin-'io, 

M M W §il ^^''^" ^''* 

l"^^^ s^ py- SL -' ^'"^' 

luen\ -t i^ /V '}^ ^-^'^^ 
leng 2>acU' lok, ^^ p|i /\^ 
fs^at ts'o jDrtrt^' luen\ 



TOR 



602 



TOR 



Torch, j/<^ Jg 'foh-'pa. 

Torment, ^ ^ moh-naan\ 
^ ^ moh->o, (to) .H 
^ iiaan-wai, j|jp ^ ka 
\\o\\ ^JP ^|| /^(^^ naan. 

Torn, p f^* lit-A/^^ j;f| [^ 
laan -A/«. 

Tornado, ^^j$|[^ lanng faung. 

Torpedo, (fish) gfg^^ ^^ 
p'o-Z'()/i-*ue, (in warfare) 

7K'Bl '^^'"'-1"'; Whitehead 
(fish) torpedo, -^ ^ ue 
]ai; to di^^charf^e torpedoes, 

:K: #. S /'^"■'i'' "« ^"i' 

torpedo-boat, ;^^ ^ fg 
ue lai shnen; torpedo 
boat destroyer, i^ ;g g* 
|^§ niit ue kii shnen. 

Torpid, '^>, ^ pat-jan, J^g 
"^ ma-minik, (insects) ^ 
^ chat-ch'uung; limbs 
torpid from cold, HH |jj£ 
/^ ^ij 5|| s^e' c/«' /'iai??/ 
to^ ngaang^; torpid liver, 
^^ ko/m nut. 

Torpor, ^f^ 'laang keung. 

Torrent, ^^ ;?fc Z'77;-lan- 
shui, (mountain) ijj W^ 



shaan-t'aan; a torrent of 
eloquence, § ^P ;^ ;^C 
in ue lau ^sliui. 

Torrid, ^ it, (zone) #:t^ 
\i-taai'. 

Tortoise, ^ /i;?<ra"; tlie great 
tortoise, specially good 
for divination, and proper 
for imperial use, y^ ^^ 
uen kwai, -4^ ^ ^ taai^ 
7^ kwai; the divine 
tortoise, )ji{^^ shan kwai; 
a three-footed tortoise, ^^ 
21101 kwai; the land 



^ nil ts'uun 
kitai: to divine with the 



tortoise, 



shell cf a tortoise, K ^^ 
2JUuk kicai; the shell of 
the tortoise (used in di- 
vination). ^^ kwaihok ; 
the rat drags the tortoise 
(said of things that are 

difficult) :^fvtefttf 

n£ ^S -^ 'Jo '.^hue Jaai 

kwai '^mo teng^ maai ^shau. 

Tortoise-shell, f^ Jg toi'- 

*mooi'', to^-*mooi'', jji[p ^ 



TOIi 



603 



TOT 



Bliaii link; s[)ectacles framed 
in tortoise shell, Ji'liJ^HP; 
^;toi' •mooi' 'iii^aaii/rr//^'. 

Tortnons, ^ :|'^ luen-kuen, 
T^-i^ [li] tcrt'Oi kiiulc; a 
tortuous coast-line, ^ J^ 
^ niaan^ cli'nung vaan. 

Torture, if^^f haau-Ua, ^ 
JflJ hang-jeng ^]^ yeng 
.s^«m^• examine by torture, 

'^ sHi ^'^'^''' SHWl^; to 

question by torture, "^'[j^ 
chaalc' mun'; to torture 
with burning pajjer, :J=J* 
ij^l^ ^/^i s/i/,< "^c/i/; the 
torture of squeezing the 
ankles, ^ F^ ^ srt«;/i 
f//tf/i; faai'; to be afraid 
of torture, -^ ^1 vrr/i^ 
yeng; to subject one to 
legal torture, ^f| Jf|j 7i;3 
yeng, IfjJfjJ yuung' yeng; 
torture shall not be used, 

^ffl?fij P^^f yuung' yeng; 
barbarous (illegal) torture, 
^^JflJ hunk yeng; excessive 
torture, y^ JfjJ yam yeng, 
iS ?fl] la^'ii' yeng; illegal 



torture, ^ Jfj] /« yeng; 

the torture of branding the 
face and mutilating the 
nose 1^ Jfl] yuuk yeng. 
Toss, ||(4 r\ian, ^ ivmg, 
(roll) ^}^% luuk-shan; to 
toss uji, :fj^ _|2^ j/'rtaw 
sheung^ to toss to and fro, 

ffi*ffi5l$ ^''"' ^^"^'' ^'"^' 

loi; to toss from hand to 

hand, ^— ^tMASlJ 
^•^ yau 1/at ^shau ])'aau 
yup pit f/if/i' ^shau; to toss 

off'— P/cfifei-y"^^^^"^' 
*^//;/;h liuo^; to toss about 

in one's mind, ^, ^Ij S 
^ Sfio?^ loi '^seung hii&'; 
to toss alien t on the sea, 

sheung' j)'iu fau. 
Total, — . ^^|i yat-Usuung-, 
the total, -^ it hop 
kuuGg^; the total amount, 
^ ^^ kuung' ngan; the 
total expenditure, ^ ^ 
kuung' /<^/a' yuung' 



ugan. 



TOT 



604 



TOU 



IS 



Totally, -^^ ts'uen in, 
^0^ '^L^uunff h&?; lie 
totally ^rong, M^f^ 
^ *^k'iie ts'uen in ts'oh\ 

Totter, n^ p^ ff\\ ning^- 
iiinj?'-*^ha. 

Tottery, Bfe P^ H V./;«- 
^i^/m-*Li\ 

Touch, ^fj ^ ^/«i -cheuk, 
1^^ j»oA-cheuk, (meddle) 
p^ ^rt?<': touch and go, can 

pass, :K ^ S- «f'' /^'/' 
A?/f^; touch not, let go, 'j^ 
■^ fong^ '^shau: holloa ! 
don't touch it ! I^PgJt}"' 
^ A^ 'm ho tail ; to touch 
liira will make him cross, 

nan; the touch-hole (of a 
cannon), ^ P^ y^rt?*' 
Sgaan; touch or quality 
of specie, ]^ '^ sheng 
«A»7;; don't touch it, 1^^ 
'mai iau'x males and 
females should not allow 
their hands to touch in 
giving or receiying any- 



naam Sue shau shau^ |'fl^ 
/>V/;j; touched me with his 

''shall ^chi molt '^ugoli; to 
touch one's feelings, ^^^ 
4^ tuung' oi' ts'cng; to 
touch one with pity, ^^ 

Snuii; to touch slightly, 
^1^ heng moh; to touch 
at Hongkong, §^ § }§ 
n^^jia to^ Heung Kong 
shi tsaam^ t'eng; to touch 
oil, to touch upon, |^ "J^ 
luun' k'lip; to stand the 
touch, j]^ chan-. a touch 
of red, ^fjE leuk huung; 
in touch with, ;[i0]^ scung 
ch'iie, j(g^ scwig ts'an, 
i^ ^ seung woh; he haa 
a slight touch cf fever, 

^yau '^sliiu ^sfiiu it /a'. 
Touchily, ^ |^ Jcup ii. 
Touchy, *^ ^ 'foh-'keng^ 

K rt" ft" '""'^ ^"^''^' *^^ 
JC i"* /?/a^ no'. 



i 



TOU 



605 



TOW 



Touch-stone, ^ ^ ^ ■■^h 
Jcum shek. 

Touch-wood, m^:^:^ 

'■yan ^foh chi muuk. 
Tongh, ^j^ ngan'; tin's meat 
is very tough, ^/g llfl^ f^ 
ftf ||j3 ni tl yuuk ^ho 



.3 i 



iigan ; tough dough, 

^^ min A-aji; tough and 

tender, -^ ^^ "^lo nuen'; 

as tougli as rattan, ^'^pti' 

Hg|] t'ang hon? ngan'; as 

tough as leather, <^ ^ 

py*^ ngau p'i Jconi* yau'. 

Toughen, ^ ^ ^ sVir^n^/ 

/:/;? yau', 'f-^ g ^jj ^so/^^ 

7a;i yan^. 

Toughness, ^ ^J Z:/;i yan\ 

Tour, [jj ^|\ f/i'j«<^ngoi'; 

Imperial tour of inspection, 

tour round the world, 

^ ;5S^ ?C T ^^^^'' ^au 
/'m lia ; to start on a tour, 

^g 'hi ch'eng. 

Tourist, ^t7^ yau hang 

'che, ^ ^ yau 'che, ^ 

;^ c/m?; yau V/e; a 



land f(;r tourisis, ^^ ^ 



Tournament, J;[^^ V* "i"- 
Tourniquet, ^ JJll ^ tsit 

'chi huet^ hi^ kue'. 
Tow, ^;:g ^6'0-ma, (to) ^ 
^lE W/ra--laam'-i!W/, :^ 
^^ /aai-laam , (at the stern) 

P7!|^5 ^^"^' -shuen. 
Towards, fn) hewig^-^ towards 
evening, ^^ aai '^maan; 
towards the East, [h] ^ 
heung^ tmmg; towards 
jiaying off the interest, J^ 



«//; chi yuung ; towards 



the end, fg ^ lam 
chining; towards nightfall 
gg^ lam ye\ 

Towel, ^ f|^ min'-7t«». 

Tower, ;^^ t'aai?, '0^^^ Ico- 
*lan, ^ UJ Ho-'foo; the 
tower over a eity-gato, :^ 
t^ sheng lau, f^|g ts'iu 
IttU; a watch-tower, J^t^ 
Icaang lau; The Clock 



TOW 



606 



TRA 



Tower (in Hongkong), -/r 
^g -j"^ taaP chuuiiff lau; 
to Btand by the cifcy-wall 
tower, and look at tlie fight 
going on below (i.r.y be a 
disinterested spectator), 

'^k'i Shenng slieng lau V'«/' 
"^ma Vrt. 

Towering, j| ^^ ^ %>g. 
tin-lco. 

Towing-path, ,|g ^ laam^ 
lo\ 

Town, g^ yvp, (walled) ^ 
fiheng; towns and villages, 
^PjJ ^ 7/^2//?.(7 ^tong-, town 
clerk, ^;23E^ sheng 
clii ^cliue po^; town hall, 
/t^ )^ /i7«/^?^ WioA; a 
"woman of the town, ^S 
^ cUeunfi ki . 

To.Ticology, ^^ tuuk hole, 
^1^ tuuk luun^ ^ ;2 

^S ^ ^""^ ''''^* 'Uuunij 
(hi. 
Toys, ^ -j^ luiing-Hsai, (a 
puzzle) ^ |MJ *^s/trt t'o; a 



glass toy, })]i^pcng iwm; 
to toy ^\ith, ^ : 



waan 



lunng . 
Trace, ^J*|g]; fsmmg-tsilc, Jg 
^J ying-/st7;;, (on paper) 
l^P //''"^ ' :^ mill; to trace 



writing. 



mo sc: to 



take a copy by tracing, 
^ ^ miu mo; no trace 
left, M fSC M^ mo mun 
tsik; traces of Imperial 
sway, ^ ^^ wong ^5i7i;; 
no traces, no clue, ^ ^ 
^^ mo ying ^s'/A':; nothing 
to trace him by, J^ ^Sc 
^^ .)U^ peng'' mo ying tsik; 
to trace characters from a 
copy-slip, pfj :^ 1^ 7/a/i' 
tsze //;ftr^/; ; to trace back 
to its origin, ^7]^ ts'am 
nen; left no trace behind, 
^^ mo tsmmg; to follow 
the traces, ^ J|j^ chiii 
tsuiing; efface all traces, 

dragons and embroider 
pha.nixes, ^ ^ BM. 
miu luung sau fuung ; to 



TRA 



607 



TRA 



leave traces of one's doing's 
(///., to steal food and not 
wipe the niontli), Ymj "^ 



001 Liu faui. 



Tracliea, {tg Pg^ in ban, ^ 



, 5 C 



Tracheotomy, g|J [)[] ^^ ^ 

chi shunt. 

Ti-ack, (a boat) :|i||| Jaai- 
laam', (foot steps) ^^ J|ljl 
^ '^tran-h'ulo-tsik; to 
track, and slioot, ^^ ^if 
tsik she ; to track out, ^ 
^ k'uung ^9flf?^ 

Tract (small hook), /J^ ^ 
^siu-shuc, (area) ;Uh ~fc" 
ti fonq: a large tract of 
land, £ii?|i:ili;5r V.^^w^ 
/Jyo/! ti fonfi\ religious 
tracts, glj -jtf: ^ /'?<tf;i' 
shai inun. 

Tractability, i^^j^ ]^ shuun 
leung, .l^ll)^ ts'uun leung. 

Tractable, ^■^ "^Xv^n-hnau. 



uen oot, ^^'OfKj '' '''"""' 

Trade, ^ ;^ shaang-i', ^ 
^ M)au'-yik: to trade, ^^ 
|g ying man, g/]^ ying 
ii}in)ig\ to retire from trade, 
^ "jfj" /«' ''slii; to learn 
a trade, ^^ ^^ hok ngai'; 
to lose in trade, i)y ;^ 
f/ii'i ''pooii; do you wish to 
learn this trade, f^^^^T^ 
^{^ 'ni /»' ynp hong 
■me; not in the trade, P^ 
^1^ moon ngii ; learned no 
trade or profession, ^y\. 
P^ jHit ynp mron; Jack 
of all trades, ^^^^1^ 
moon moon to ^Jiiu, ^;\^ 
^J t SUP II sum fenf/, :^-^ 
^ fai ^shrni sacn-, a sea- 
going trading junk, )|f .§§ 
ts^o shuen; a "West coast 

trading junk, '"^^Ij^ ™'^'^^ 
shuon; each follows his 

trade, ^ ^ — • § ^'<^^- 
chap yat ngni : Board of 

Trade, M iS" y^ ^""""^ 



TRA. 



608 



TRA 



sheung kuuk; Minister 
Snperintendeiifc of Trade, 

taai shan; to engage in 
trade, "^^.^ tso^ ^hanfj 
i ; tricks of trade, '^ ^ 

shang i tsue li ke hi 
Jc/racm; to stop trade, ^ 
fjj* pa shi; the coolie 
trade, ^ ^ ■^ maai' 
chue tsai. 

Trade-mark, to use another 
man's, ^'j'T^lJ she li . 

Trader, g ^H ^ ^ ying 
li clii 2)ooi ; itinerant 

traders, yX '/^ ^ ^^^''i7 
00 /if^rt/1 ; a local trader, 

>^ ^ iW ^OOM /iiiTo/i' 

sheung-, petty traders, ^ 
^^ ying fs?;pM . 
Tradesman, -^jIj ^ ])^o^-ka, 

maai maai Z;^ yan. 
Trade-wind, f^ % '^ M 

it ^rtfa sheung fining. 
Tradition, p '^ Aaw-ch'nen, 

^5'^ Vi;oo chuen', 



ch'uen to ; secret tradition ^ 
^> ^ 2'/' cu'nen; ancient 
tradition, "i^^ll ^koofiai-, 
the tradition was lost, -^ 
^^ s/<r// ch'uen. 
Traduce, ^ |^ *^A'rtn/7-waai; 
traduced by everybody, 
pM P ^ JllP ts'aam Artc^ 

Traffic, ^^Mf niau yik, ^ 

mat; to traffic, -^ t\l j^ 
tso shang i ; all traffic 
was suspended, — . ij^^ ^ 

Snaai maai shang i t'eng 

Tragedy, ^ g f^ 3^ 7'^- 
?/m^'-;i^:'-mun, ^ twM 
/bo-t3'ing-/i/ . 

Trail, II m, (a) :|g gg 
/'rt7<-lian; to trail a weapon, 
^-^ y^'i^ pena. 

Train,^(in a) ^ ^ fg ^fj^ 

fe'se -tai^-ts'ui-ts'uung, (of 

followers) :fj^ ^^ ts"uung- 

yan, (of powder) jAc^lf 

foh-yeuk-sin , (of car- 



TRA 



COO 



TRA 



riagcs, &c.) — ^^ i/dt-Vm, 

train, -^ :|J^ cli'eung kue. 

Train, (to) ^ ^ /c^/^'u'- 

ycnng; to train pigeons, 

^SpiS '""« Paak /V- 
Train-oil, ft'J >^ k'cng yau. 
Trait, j^ rh'u/; a good trait, 

— ff iT Ig y^'^ ti^^' '^'" 

.s^7/r ; lie lias not got a 
single good trait, j^ ^It 

Traitor, ^-T ^ /:rt^/7i-shan, 
J^^ maai'-V/i<<^ J^ 
1^ maai - S /ii^« - Jrc ; a 
Chinese traitor, *^ ^1^ 
7io/ai ^Ywn; villains and 
traitors, ^^ ^'^rt/'- ^/cirai; 
sweep away all traitors, ^^ 
^^^ia so' ch'ue /racrn 
^trng-y native traitors, J^ 
^^ to ^kicai; a double 
traitor, ('/<?., in the pay of 
the usurper doing his 
opponent's work), I^ ^^ 

wongr Suoujr faau tso lau 



san kuu/ig; a traitor to 
his master, W^^ ywo«' 
V/ii<(" V//^; a traitor to his 
coixutvy, ^l^fi^^' 
sze t'uwuj maai kivok^ ''chc. 

Traitorous, ^-T lann, Z^^ 
pat r/ij/inu/; a traitorous 
minister, ^T^ kcati sliaii; 
a traitorous disposition, Jj[T- 
i|^\ kaan ston. 

Traitress, ^^ ^^ kaan ^foo. 

Tram-way, ,^ ^ ^ 5& 
^ma (h'e Pit lo ; electric 
tram-way, ^ $ ^ {?§ 
tin ch'o Vit lo . 

Tramp, (trample) J| ^^ 
*^ts'in-taap, ^^.^^ ^ch'aui- 
taap, ^t§ 'ts'in; tramps, 
•^ ^\, fong ngoi'; to 
trample upon, ^^ J^ <7^« 
tuap; trample it under foot, 
^tB *'"'^^ ^k'ne; trample 
on the board, fl^iffl'lS® 
yuung keiik turn ''paan. 

Trance, (in a) ^ ^ yup- 

a body in a trance, ^^ /-* 



TRA 



610 



TRA 



Tranquil, "^'^ ki^ tseng', 
1?^^ tiuiiii^ niok; a tran- 
quil mind, i|j» ^^ sum 
tseng ; the country is now 
traminil, ^^ i^^U 
^^ kd'ok cliuung t'luil 
p'eng mo sze . 

Tranquillity, ^-^ o/i«-ning, 
(general) H^2p. ^Y<«< -p'eng; 
l^eace and tranquillity, 2E1 
Jlj^ p'eng /wn/7; general 
tranquillity, the title of the 
rebel Government 1850- 
1803, -j^ 2p pacu p'eng; 
an age of tranquillity and 
plenty, |f^ 2pi ^ [^ 
sheng p'eng sheug^ sluii'. 



iV' m& 



aai 



Tranquillize, J^ ^ 

hcng, ^M. )|^ cluai actt'; 

to tranquillize the empire, 

2p 5^ ~K P'eng tin ha'; 

to tranquillize the people, 

^^ ry/i?! mun. 
Transact, ^jltt paan'; to 



transact business, 
paan sze . 
Transaction, 1 



1'^ 



ts'eng. 



sze 
paan sze ; 



finish a transaction, fi^ 
^^ sheng p'oon; during 
transactions, ^ ^ ^ j||| 
jiaan'* sze r/;/ haan. 
Trauscend, ^ ^ ^ chHu- 

ch^ind, ■^ j^ taai'/cicoh^. 
Transcendental, ^^ ch^euk^ 

uet, ^^ c//'//< utt. 
Transcendentalism, {ij^4^ 

di^ut/f 00 .'Jfn^ , H;J^^ 

^ ^ ^^ druut 00 van 

t' c/ii sze . 
Transcribe, ;H? cJi^am/, ^M 

^ shin' hiuk, ,f^^ ^ 

shin' ''sp, iH^^ ch'-aau nf. 
Transcript, ^^ ^^ c¥aaic 

ch^aau Ice shiif. 
Transcription, ^^ ^ ch'aau 



se. 



Transept, + ^ j^ p Z 

tM S ^^^^i- ^^^^' ^^"° 

t'ong rA/ waang ju'n. 
Transfer, :^p ^ noh-i, ^ 
^ i-Ic/roh\ :^ 5^ /jrtf///- 
Jcit:oh\ f|^ :^ tin' oon^, 
indemnify by trans- 



TRA 



(Ul 



TIl.V 



fer to II lucrative post, f^ 
^ till' tsai^', to transfer j 
the business to, ^ j)j^ [ 
Icaau p'oon; to transfer to j 
another post, ^ \^^ tsHn 
tin'; to transfer by mort- 

gage, m|ii§|JA '^'" 
ue pit yan. 
Tranferabic, p]" |^ ^ [ifi^ 

*A(?/i i Icaau fi. 
Transferee, ^'^ shau' ^che, 

5^ ^^ shau' Icaaic die. 
Transferrer, ^^ Icaau *^che, 

^^" maai "^tV^i^, 

o c 
niaai c/i^/e. 



^ m 



Transtigurntion, % 

Transfigure, ^: ^ ^.?//?.' 
yuung, ^. ^ />iu maau'. 
Transfix, J|j^ ts'ze ch'uen. 
Transform, i^ ^ tso^ /*<^^ 
Transformation, ^'^^ ;'/n'- 

Transfuse, ^\ Jg ^ % 
/;.../.' hia\ ^\ ^ glj jg 
chum ue pit /r(?A\ 



Transgress, ^^ faan ; to 
transgress tlie laws, :^[J^ 
faau faa( ; to transgress 
wilfully, ]^:^|i /""' faan'. 

Transgression, 3[^:^[|, IcuoJi- 
faan'; no nicrit- can make 
lip for his transgressions, 

''l^o Iciroh . 
Transgressor, :^[^ ^ faan' 
yan; a traus'.TLSsor of the 

la\v, ^[iJS# faau'/rt«i' 
'che. 
Tranship, # Jg^lj)^ 7'ot?/^ 

Z'/^oA pit .sliucii; to tranship 

cargo, pTi^mm 

poo II f oh' luk [)iL bhuen; to 
tranship goods, i^"^ pole 

foh\ 
Transhipment, .|j^ ^g glj j^ft 

2n)Jc kicoh pit shucn. 
Transient ^ 



Iransitory j ' 

Transit, ^^ ^g Iceng Iacoh\ 

fl' S iS ffl 1^^^'S 
sf;?^ Icicoh' yat min ; transit 

dues, ^J;$j; ^*/n^/' ch'aau. 



TRA 



612 



TRA 



I 



Transition, J^ g kwolt to^ 
a transition from black to 
uhite, ^ Q ^= M yau 
paak 2^in hale. 

Transitional, ^> jl^^j phi^ ti, 
^ ^ ''W /""^ sheng ti. 

Transitive, ^^flill^ i li^"?; 

ti. 
Transitorily, ^ tsaam^, ^^ 

^\ pat kau. 
Translatable, "pfj^^lij hoh 

yik ch'uut. 
Translate, ^^ §^ /rmn-yik, 

Of ttl ^ yik-c/i'/^uMai; 

translated into Chinese, 

U? tH ^ ^ ^^^ ''^'""^ 
/lo/tn man; translated it 

all into the veriiacnlar, ^ 

•?! 2l$ i-tfl IS ^^"^'^' ^«»' 

^;won ti wa ; to translate 
word for word, ^^Hf 
H\ chunk ts7e yik chUittf. 

Translation, ^^ ^ yik in, 
iM ^ y'l^ shi/p. 

Translator, ^^^f^i^n yik 
yan; official translator, jj^ 



Y«t 



Translucent, 5^3^1165 t' 

kivong ti, ^^^ij^l ^^^ng 

leung' /a. 
Transmarine, J^ f# 1"^ 

kicolt '^hoi he , i^ ^YW^ 

''hoi n!2;oi ti. 
Transmigration, ^^[p] luun- 

ooi; the six paths of 

transmigration, ^^ 

hiuk ts''ia' . 
Transmission, ^^ ki , 

i, ^ iS. A-w^i ue; the 

transmission of goods, ^^ 

J3 /^'' /w/i . 
Transmit, ^ ch'uen, ^^ 

kaau-ki , ^11^ ch'uen-tai , 



iiTi ^ i ch'uen; transmit 
the whole sovereignty, ^^ 
1^ shui tuung; trans- 
mitted influences or 
qualities, ^J^ wai fuung-, 
to transmit a despatch, ^^ 
^ hang mun, ^ ^ i 
mun: to transmit a letter, 
■^ ^ ch'uen «2</;n ; to 
transmit to succeeding 
generations, ^^^^ 



TRA. 



610 



TRA 



ch'non uf, haii* .thai^; to 

transmit privately, ijc^ ^[H, 

s\:c cli'iien. 
Transmitter, ^^ lei. chc 
Xransmutability, "pj* ^s Mj 

^hoh pin yik, p[^ ^ 

huh pill fa . 
Transmutalde, Tlf^-j^^ ^'■oh 

fa /», pj*^. ^ho/t pill . 
Transmutation, ^j /f' yu"/;^ 

/"«'' VC JSL A'^ «l'eng, gfc 
^ '/:ru" yeng. 
Transmute, >^^ fa , ^^ >tk 

7"'i' /"\ ^ j^ /«' sheng, 

^^^^^vai. 
Transparency, ^ nieng, ^^^ 

^ t-aic' kivoii'j, ^ lenng\ 
Trans[)arent, 5^ -^fe /V//^ - 

ku'ong, i'au -kirong-b , ^^ 

^;^/6"ey2/7 long; transparent 
gauxe, ^ ^ leung' )<ha\ 
transparent i)orcelain, jM 
^■^ jriic' ts'ze; glass is 
transparent, 3^Jj5Jg3t 
/^o/i li ^Yn<^ Icu'oiig. 
Transpire, ^ fij jfj lo^ 
f/t'if«<Mai, [ij^ rh'uuthi; 
:i9 



the secret lias transpired, 
t'au lo"* mi. 



Transplant, (rice) fjj gj 
f/i'«V-t'in, "jfg |jj^ shi'- 
yeuiig, (a tree, &c.) %g^ 
chuung -kicoh ; tO trans- 
plant shoots, IJ"^ «rti' 
miu. 

Transplantation, 7^ 5^ i 
chuwuf, ^ :|j| i cliik. 

Transport, ^3>^ povn-wwn, 
(convicts) ^ ^ ch'uung- 
kicwi; Director of the 
Grain Transport, ^W j^ 

^M ^ ''^'^ ^^ ^^'^' ^tSUWlfJ 
Imik; grain transport by 
sea, y^ ^^ V««i wun'; 
transport expenses, 3^ j]^ 
wnn /rf/^Z; ; transport 
service men, j^ ~J" wnn' 
teng; to transport a 
criminal beyond China 
Proper, f^ ^ jji muu' 
ch^uimg kirun; to transport 
a criminal beyond his 



TRA 



eu 



TUA 



wun 



wun 



native province, jyj j^ 
ninn Ian; to transport a 
criminal to 3,000 li, p^jjjf^ 

^ "P JS. 111""^ 1'^^^ .s-rt^/^« 

ts^in li; the cost of 
transport, ^|| ^ wnn^ 
//^// ; a transport cf passion, 

M^M^ "^' ^''^'^ transports 

ol joy, -^ !^ taai /</, 

^^ hi kek. 
Transportation, j. 

tsoi . 
Transporter, ^ 

cho, ^^3^^ l>oon wun 

Transpose, ^j^ ^ tiu^- c//?<f;?, 

Transposition, ^ -j^ yik 

\vai\ f^^^L"^^ tin" 

oon r/it sze"*. 
Transpositive, ^ -fi P§5 yik 

wai' rt, 0^j:^il^ till oon' 

//. 
Transubstantiation, ^> "^^ 

7^/;i' *"zVr/, ^^> 4^ pin 

pin fa mat ^/i/ se/?// ^'a?. 
Trar sversal, i^ waang. 



Transverse, waang ; 



a 



transverse force, ;|^ "ft 
waang lik; transverse line, 



m^ waang stn . 

Trap, ^ Icar/j) , ^ ^luung; 

a cock-roacli trap, d^ H, 

"^g kaat tsaat-*lunng; 

fallen into his own trap 

(lit., a carpenter wearing 

the cangue he has himself 

made), tK E f t # ftU 

@ ^^ § ^ niuuk tseung^ 

lo tamn ha tsze tsok^ 

tsze shan ; to fall into a 

man-trap, i.e., a risky 

business, ^^ ^Jt^ haam' 

yan haang. 

Trap-door, tft P ^ ''^"- 

'^hau-'^ [laan. 
Trapezium, &E 'ftH^Jg 

mo fact l sze jun yeng. 
Trapezoid, Zl ^^T^H 

^g ^^ i^ p'eng hong 'pin 

sze^ pin yeng. 
Trappings, ^j ffjj Sna sA//;;, 

^[■filS "g'oi' •'^''^'"'^'•^ girclle 
traj pings, ^ '(JH kue: 

2roO(. . 



TRA 



C15 



TRA 



Traps, 4^ fj; mat kin', ff 
^ han- ^li, Yf ^ bhap 
niut. 

Trash, |^ Jg laap-w//, 
® 11^ t)C ^vaai'-/;rt->A, 

ffi )fl ^ 4^ '^'O y"""i-' 

he mat, |^ ^^ A^/ mat. 
Trashy, )g ^^ 0^^ fa' mat 

Travail, ^ ^ cWaan- 
t'wm(]\ %j}^ k'ue-lo, (to) 

Travel, ^j ^ cA'zaiMiang, 
^^ Lanji:-yau; to travel 
V^ft*'^;/' lo ; 



fast, jL^ ^.j^, 
travelkd over several pro- 
vinces, ^3g^^ Wm 
/cwf^/i hi ^s]uiang\ travelling 
companion, ^^ '[Q hang 
W; travel far, ^^^ 
hang /s'm po ; to travel over 

land and sea, ^$[JL(M'/ft 
f-ai shaan hong hoi-^ to 
travel at night {lit., wear 
the moon, and wrap one's 
self up in the stars), ^ 
M ^k ^ ^rm/ net ^i 
senrj; travelling expenses, 



fMl l''7» ts'in, ^ J5 
p'oou fax ; dusty from 
travel, ^\^)^ faun g c\\'^n; 
a graduate has no need to 
travel — his hooks are 
enough, ^^ 7^ :^ tti 

ts-oi iHit ch'uiit moon nang 
chi fill ha^ sze'. 

Traveller, ^f J^ hang *^lue, 
^ ^ yau '^*^^. 

Traverse, ^j"^ ^ waang- 
hicoh\ (go about) ^ ^J^ 
f/i«u-yan; traverse a level 
road, M^igiH 'li to' 
^taaii ^i'aan; to traverse 
the sea, §|[7^ 7/<« yeung; 
the sun's slanting rays 
traversing the grove, 
|& Sit #. y-^t iigai' sAo/i 
lum. 

Travesty, ^ f>^ ^fg V.o/- 

Trawler, ;[;;£ j^S ^'^^* shuen. 

tray for silk- worms, ^^Q 
j ts'aam pok; a round tea- 
tray, ^ j^ ch'a p'oon. 



TRE 



616 



TRE 






Treacherous, =j^ ^ ^kicai- 
Jcivut, ^^ waat, ^^hi- 

^^ kaan ning\ ^f ^^ 
kaaii ts'e, ^-^ ^-^ /'r/rt/i 
waat, ^ -j^ s/ift/ s?a/n , 
^^porn 'chur, "^ gjg 
■j^oo^' sze; treacherous liopes, 

(hi seung moug ; trea- 
cherous to his country, ]^ 

^ ^ ISl ^'^^ chtiung iie 

kicok . 
Treacherously, )f I |t ff 

yuung kivai kai^. 
Treachery, ^"j^ ^ kaajt 

''kaaii, ^^ ^ kaa/i mau; 

save one's life by treachery, 

Ymj^ fan sliamj. 
Treacle, j^ -ff, Vong-^shui, 

(thick) /||^^ t^ong-katni; 

(as numerous) as flies 

round a treacle-jar (///., as 

ants gathering about sugar), 

"^ts'ze ngai Jau t'ong koni. 

Tread, ^ hang, (on) ^^ 

^^^P' IS is \'h'aai-h'an, 



S^^^ ^naai-fs^an; trodden 

to a jelly, J^ ^ |^ S 
''ch^aai sheng yuuk tseimy ■ 
to tread the slack rope 
(said of a thief who uses 
rope ladders), g,^ ^^ ^ 
^cli'-aai *^uen so/.; ; to tread 
down, ^ W ^cli'-aai shat; 
make you tread on a melon 
skin, i.c.^ trip you up, '(^ 

Avra p'i Sii dt'aai; treading- 
on lamp-wick?, i.e., a thief, 
'Mi'M^ 'd^'aaitavgfa; 
to tread upon, jjj^ |^^ 
ch'in taap; to tread on a 
thorn, g^#^ 'ch^ctai 
cheuk lak; tread it down 

/i'dTj; ^' shat; if he treads 
on a taro skin (he is so 
nervous) he imagines it is 
a snake, tSSSH^^^ 

Si IS it '^'"« '^^'«"*" 

fs'-an 00 /;«<7;7^ /o wa'' she; 
to tread with the toes 
outward, jK^M'^fi 
•paat tsze keiik i hang; to 



THE 



617 



TRK 



tread out, ^ |jj ^ch^aai 
ch'uiif; to trciid in one's 
footsteps, -^ :^ ^ po' 
hail ch'an; to tread in the 
patlis of virtue, ^TP j|^ 
hang chen/j to ; to tread 



memory of, '^>f§:j^-]^, 
luen^ hien'' paf luoiif^; 
treasures ((.-hiidren), ■^:^ 
Icicai hi ; to accumulate 
treasure, ^^ ^ fsi/c ts'oi; 
a great treasure, -^ ^ 
taai ts'oi. 



close upon, ^ ^ fsi/i 

'chmmrj; to tread on the \ Treasurer, ^ ij A '^'^ 



oon- 



tsqt chuung han chue ""mi. 



actfi ; 



Treason, ^ ^ mau-yt 
to plot treason, Jjjrt^gJ 
]j}t|^ p'aang yvi wai /:;fm;;; 
guilty of treason, -i]^ ^ 
^•^f^ faan man poon^ 
r/(< tsue ; high treason, ^^ 
^ ^ ^ poon^ yik chi 



sze . 

Treasonable, U^PjJ '"''^^ 
poon /i; treasonable prac- 
tices, ^ ^ ;2 ff poon' 
yik chi Icui^. 

Treasure, 
Uenhg, { 
(wealth) ^^ ts'oi-paak, 
(a) ^ ^ ^jw-pooi^; 
nature's treasures, ^ ]^ 
i'm 5A«<;//; treasure the 



ngan- 



*ts'in-*ngan, 



/bo'-yan, (provincial) ^j^ 
^ po" -Cheng' -f^ze, fj^ ^ 
faan 5^*?, ^^ faan t'oi; 

Colonial Treasurer, 



ii] /fo mo"* szp. 
Treasury, 






ngan-/(;o', 
/yy -mo'- shue; 
the national treasury, ^^ 
^ /c/ro/i' ^tong\ the pro- 
vincial treasury, ^^ ^ 
y^o Vo??^; the Colonial 
Treasury, ^ § i(! ^ 
wong 7r« foo foiig. 
Treat, ^ ^^ huhn-io?, ^ 
>^^ /:y«^?-toi', :^^ toi', 
(discuss) ^ X'o/'^; treat 
him more strictly, '^ DM 
^ ^ lok ^' im As'y'; to 
treat kindly, j^ :^ hau' 
toi ; treat each other, 



TRE 



618 



TRE 



\^^ sewuj toi ; treat 
neglectfully, ^^ tl'm toi' 
maaii ; he treated me 

k'lie toi"* tak Sigoh ho\ 
to treat cruelly, j^ J^ 
ts'aau yeuk; to treat one 
with sincerity, ^^ ^foon 
toi ; to treat abominably, 
^^ ts'aan hoi ; to treat 
meanly, j[^ ^ kirn' pok; 
to treat for peace, ^ ^p 
kong woh; to treat a sul)- 
ject,^ ft limn\ ff J^ 
luun k'up; to treat a 
disease, ^ ^ i c^tcng^, 
:Jp^ chi^ peng'; to treat 
with, 1^'"^ s/ici/ng Icung, 
^ p^ shewif/ i; a treat 
(in sense of an enter- 
tainment), ^®B^;^ 

!^ '■yan net mi"" Ay' sze', 
JJ^ 'han 'hewuj. 
Treatise, A\ ^^ ^sla sJtur, 
^ ^ man cimaiff, f^ 
luun ; to MTite a treatise 
on diseases, jf fj^ ff 
fso/i; mak luun ; a treatise 



on drawing, ^ |^ wa' 
2)^0; a treatise on magic, 
medicine and geomancy, 
^"S^^ As-'f"??^ nong keiiff. 
Treatment, ^^ toi , ^^ 
t'iu li; generous treatment, 
Is 



"^hau toi'; indulgent 
treatment of men from a 
distance, ^^\ jau 
"^uen yan. 
Treaty, ^^^^ ^^■oh-?/enk\ Y^ 
isj 'p^aug-i/cn(k ; oflfice of 
treaty records, ^^ mang 
foo; to break a treaty, ^^ 
2k»J jwoi yeuli^; a treaty 
between China and Japan, 

ilsj yat ^7woy^ ue chiiung 
liwoh tnig ha-p cJri ?/ei(k^; 
the stipulations of a treaty, 

noi^ s/ioh tsoi kok^ ^foon\ 
the first section of the 
<^i'eaty, tl^% — ^ 
ynils^ noi tai yat ''foon; 
to make a tre;ity. ^^ i^ 



^71(7' ypiik\ jjL ^^ laap 
?/fz^A: ; to violate a treaty, 



TRE 



619 



TRE 



.-ill on g i/eiilc , ^ 

^ ^ '^!*1 j'^^^ *''^'" ^^^'^ 

yeiik^; a commercial treaty, 

M ]?/ :T^n ti ^'""'^^ 

sheung ^oli ynO^; treaty 

rower, ^^^;SH 'P" 

7/fivA;^ eld kicok\ B|| ^ 
mang Icwok^; Treaty Ports, 

M ]§j i# ^ P ^"^^'^^ 

sheung '^kony haii, ^J^ 
in /^ Vuuinj sheung liau 
iigolin . 

Treble, ^ ^ saam- p'ooi; 
liigli treble notes, 'S^ )j^ 
ko hong. 

Tree, ;gj Blme^ (a) ^ ;g-j 
;;'o7i-shue', {^ ^ t'iu 
Rhue ; fork of a tree, i^ 
Y slnie a; a magic tree 
in the moon, ^;|2^ hin 
shue'; a log of a tree, — • 

^ -1^ l^'-'^ ^""'^ ^^"^ ' '^ 
tree stump, — '^^ I/^^i 
t'au' sbue\ — ■ ^^ ^f^^ y«^ 
ch^uun shue ; the pith of a 
tree, ;^^>|^^ shue s?^/?j; the 
Lark of a tree, :j^^^ shue' 
p'i; the trunk of a tree, 



^M^ shue' shnn; to dvtarf 
trees, )§J "^ :^ ""^ '^^oo 
shue'; to graft trees, ^ 
j^ tsip' shne\ .gj ;^ 
]wk^ shue'; trees (generally) 
5J^;;^ shue"* mnuk; ripened 
on the tree, @ Jl ^ 
shue shcuug shuuk; a tree- 
pit (hole for tree-planting), 
^ ^ nai "^fum; a tree 
with lofty and a tree with 
drooping branches, i.e.j 
father and son, ^^>j^ k'iu 
tsze; trees planted by one's 
father, i.e., one's home ^^ 
;|;^ song tszr; the silk 

tree, M.^1^] yn"ng/« 
shue'; he'd argue the leg 
off a donkey (//Y., he'd lure 
birds off trees with his 
arguments), ;|s^ Jl ^^ 

sheung"* chek tseuk to pi 

k'ue Pum^ lok lai; big 

trees give shelter, i.e., 

powerful friends arc useful, 

1r!,^ ^ S It ^'"•^' 

taai' /w che gum; I'm up 



TRE 



620 



TRE 



a tree^ (///., like a snake 
that Las entered a bamboo 
branch, and has no room 
to turn), i'feA'ttMM 

j^ ^ ^ ^^^^ y"p f^'^^^'^^ 

t'liuno- mo ti^ chtirn^ shmi: 



Yoicc, ^ -^ ^ sheng 
yum chan^; seized with 



or. 



kohn to 



rao lo\ 



Trellis, ^ -^ laan Icohw a 

•dir :^3t3£ 



trembling:, U ® :}f J; 



im 



sJuin 



^ta dMit' 



trellis for peas, ^ ^| 
tau^ li. 

Trellised, ^^ Vr/«^»-wat. 

Tremble, ^ ^ ^ta-<]u(n\ 
:JXf| ''«-</„V, life. If 
r///?i -Imit; knees trembling 
with fear, ^ ^ M |^ 
koo chin i luut; to 
tremble with fear, ro^ j;^ 
chin^ kue', ^]^ ;-''» mi; 
to tremble with cold, :J*J" 
)'^ S "^^^^ laaug f/?«n ; 
tremble with rage, ^ :^ ' 
r/ifl'n'' no ; the earth trem 
bles, j^ ^J ti' (han; he 
trembled all over, or from 
head to foot, jg. 7JI jQ' 

Hie *I^ ^'^^^ ^^^'' ^^'^"^ 

fA/^i' luut; a trembling 



Tremblingly, 

cJtan^, 

ii 
Tremendous, ja, ][£ :^ ^ 

chan - cl^cncf -haau - kicaan. 



a 






maang. 



Tremens, (delirium tremens) 
!^|^ isau moh (moh). 

iremor, j^ chan , ^ MW 
f:Ar^?i tuung : all in a 
tremor, '|f 'It^jgfffi luut 
luut ngai kne . 

Tremulous, ^ ^ fij^ cJdn^ 
luut ti. 

Trench, "^ ho, J^ haang, 
^/|h^ ch'i; to trench, :fgy^ 
kwut ch'i; to trench upon, 
^ ^ ts'aam shik. 

Trencher ^ ^ muuk tip; 
a wooden trencher, y^ ]^ 
muuk tau'. 



TRI 



621 



TRI 



Trend, fw) hcumj gj 'shai; 
to trend to the North 

West, (nri)ti;|[:.!|5 ^'^"V 
sai pak shai. 

Trepan, jg]|g nen hu^ ^ 
gj^ hue t'au lick. 

Trepidation, ^.g^ Iccng hoi, 
Trespass, :^|^ faan^; no tres- 

passiucj, M A :^ 5tt 

haan-van-Sni n-/s?^»n ; to 
trespass against the law, 

i,nve ns our trespasses, 1^ 
"^ ^^ P J® f • '"soi^ 

eh'aai tsui /ivrft// : pardon 
the trespass, ^ jj^ «/ie 

Trespasser, i^l^A ^'^^" ^^"' 
^E.P# faan' tsui' Vif. 

Tress, ^^ f'Z-; /rm^ ; felling 
tresses, ^^ ^^ shui waan. 

Trestle,' yJ^;^^ S/;/ muuk 
A'«\ 4^ ^ mat ZV, ^ 
-y- /;a^ Hsze. 

Triad-society, "^^ y^^saam- 
hop-*ooi . 



.s7a', I 



g:^^' 



Trial, =j^ -»» , ^ 
im , (to make) 

stand his trial, ^^ ;^ 
/'my' f<}nim\ trial in open 
court, ^|){, t'ong sj/io?'; 
to begin a trial, p^^^ 
hoi t'ong ^shinn; to confess 
on trial, -gt |g /i;?n<»5' 
y^;?^; to sentence after 
trial, J^ J^ ^ch'ue ¥uft^ ; 
the trial of a case, ^ ^ 
"^s/i^n/i olin ; arena for 
military trials, ;^^ ^nio 
ch'eung; a trial of strength, 
"^ ^ lik chaang; exper- 
ienced all sorts of trials, 

ffiffi^li^.^ ^'^^ tsuun' 
Wed leung "^keng; I will 
give your goods a trial, 

mUUZm'n '"go" 

shi^ Sii he^ foil mat; on 
trial, ^ |5^ .s//^"" yuuug'; 
the trial trip of the 
steamer was quite satisfac- 

^ ^ luun shucn shi^ 
hang t'oh tong^ hop yuung\ 



TRI 



622 



TRI 



Triangle, H :ft 5^ '''''"'' 
/ro/i'-yeng: a spheric triangle, 
^ItT zz: '^ 00 saam kok . 

Triangular, E£ ^^ 'j^OK 
saa»i /io/i^ yeng ti, zr.^ 
PA^ sart»? yeng //; triangular 
l^lantains, gx l5g ;^> '^'"^ 
cli'ui /s/!<. j 

Tribe, ^% tsunk, ;^^J[I]i f/""- : 
faai"; feathered tribes, ^ 
^^ ^le tsuuk, ^ ^1 ^le 
lui-; aquatic tribes, j^^^ 
^shui tsunk; scaly tribes i 
(dragons, serpents, fishes), 
^ 4^ hum mat, ^ ^P 
luun po'; ^labommedan 
tribes, [gj^p ooi po^ the 
Lo-Lo tribes, ^^ 'Xo/i 

Uoh, itS JiS ^'^^^ ^^^*' 
Shan tribes, "j^ 5 ^ 
naam rnaan' chi ; pastoral 
tribes, ^ i^ yau muuk; 
native tribes, Jl ^ ^"'^ 
s-f ; the Twelve Tribes, + 
^i^ Bhap i chi faai\ 



Tribulation, 
naan'. 



^Llit 



waan - 



Tril)ulu8 Terrestris (caltrops), 
^^ tsat-lai. 

Tribunal, ^^ kming-ohn; 
three Tribunals of Judi- 
cature—the Board of Cri- 
minal Law, the Court of 
Judicature, and the Cen- 

sorate, H ft "] ^""^^^ 
I faai* sze. 
Tributary, ^ftJioS^ ^s""'^' 
kinnif;'^ ti; a tributary state, 

chi ktvok'; tributary states, 
i M Wi shuuk /:/ro/£ . 
i Tribute, ^ /i:t«'»^ , (to paj) 
^p^^ naap-Zcz^m^-', f j^|4 
naap-sAHi^ to offer tribute, 
^W t'iuun killing , "^ 
■g" ch'iu kuung^\ articles 
of" tribute, ;p; (JJi kuung' 
^jniii; tribute bearers, ^ 
'gg /i;M»7i/ .S2e'; a vessel 
bringing tribute, ^ jgft 
7r?«oi/7^ shuen; to convey 
tribute, g |^ 'wai s/ii^^-. 

Trice, ^;^ ^] ^ K '^^'««^- 
hak-chi-kaan ; trice up, :y: 



TRI 



623 



TRI 



Trichina, ^^i mo ch'uung, Trickster, (a great), j^ gy 



[J] jA| ;^ ^$i\ f^'^'^ i zh.^ '"''*' ^^"^^ ^^^^' woDg. 
yuuk noi' he' mo ch'ming. ' Tricolour, "— "^ saam sidk 



Trick, ||i§f kivai-lcai, , ,^ 
jjlP ma /rcj/A; . ^^^ t^ok 
knnk, ^^ [||| i.iC k''uuk, 

(to) '/g NVllll', ^ $J 

clung-tnn^ ; full of tricks, 

IS .11 BS fe '^"''•^"' ''"a 

Arj^/i; sA//;:; to play tricks 
of hand, 3pipl^ lunng 
pa hi ; impose upon one 
by deceiving tricks, ^SM 
^ -^n fZif/i^ cheung 'wai 
waan ; he is full of tricks, 

Mi'ue shik slii shan chining 

faan^ he has tricked me, 

i.e., played fast and loose 

with me, '(M. "^ \3 ^ 

*\!? f^ Rfi ''^'"« ^'''li' '^*"" 
shi sum Ji ti: played me 

a trick, J| ^ ^ \-heng 

kicai ngoh. 
Trickle, 

lok-lai 
Tricky, ^g ts'e keng\ 7} 



7i^ tik-tik- 



^ tin waat, ^^toh kai\ ^ :;^ gf^t 



— ^ ^ jj^ saam shik 
chi k'i. 

Tricuspid, ^ ^ P^^ s«rt;/« 

fsim ti, ^5iII^ W ■^■"^'"^ 
00 kok it. 

Trident, (a) — i$ f/\ y«^- 
f/i/-p'a, ^£ ^ saavi-ch^cfy 

^ ^ k'au maau; to 
flourish the trident, ^^ 
i|^f.E mo faai' p'a. 

Triennial, ^ ^ :^ Snooi 
s^f/;» nin, ^£ ;fe — • ^ 
saam nin yrt/! ^'s'^e ; 
triennial examination of 
Siu-fs'ai graduates, :^ 
"^j haau lai , ^~^ sui^ 
''haaii; triennial examina- 
tion for the Kiijin degree, 
-J^ ^ taai haau; 
triennial examination of 
officials, :^^ haau im^; 
triennial report on officers, 
taai kai luuk; 



TRI 



G2i 



TRI 



the trienniiil review, -^ 
;^ taai' ts''o. 
Trifle, (a) ^|J ^^ mi-mat, 

<7izi sze\ (lit., an awl's tip) 

moot, (to) ^^ liuuig , 
(with things) ^^ 'mm, 
(play) ]p^ ^ waan- s/uc, 
a quarrel about a trifle, 
^ ^ ^ r/mrtn^ li lio; 
consider it as a trifle, g 
'^ ^ ^ ^o??-7^ wai mo 
sze\ 
Trifling, ;j|i ^ mi ho, 



sal^ /<iu. 



■so 



silt 



(lit., not worth a 
scratch), M^j^^^ mo 
Jc/raan Pmmg 'yeuug, (///., 
cheap greens), JJ Jp 
filling fi,i^-^ f-'>^i'>i ^i^ct^ii , 
^ :^ /«^a' to«/': a 
trifling sore, ^Jfl;^'^ 
/cfw/ /rwi"* fZi/ tsat: a 
trifling matter, g^^^ 
j5^ s/^' 5?<e s«/'' /.;ort ; this 
trifling matter, ^ ^ /J^ 



trifling presents, ^^ '[M 
yau i; the trade is trifling, 

p'eng t'aam. 

Trigonometrical, ^ -^ ^ 

1 ^ tl|^ so«;?? hole leung 

y^rt/^ //; trigonometrical 

' survey, H^^t-tlj sa«m 

7^()/£ Jeung ti^. 

Trigonometry, =^ ^ j^ 

s««/» hoh fciaf^, '^^'J^ 

/i-an *^/;ofl [(Mf^; plane 

trigonometry, jg ||^ ^ 

chek sm' yeng. 

Trigram, ^^ sf/a«i tsze ; 

comments on the eight 

trigrams, /V^ jiwr/^^ .so/;'. 

, Trigraph, ^ ^ |^ -_ :g. 

; sflrtw? tsze'' t'nung yat yum. 

Trihedral, ^ ^ pgj[ .sw/w 



min i*/. 



Trihedron, H ® ff 



saam 



min "^/'^^Z 



c/ie' 



se 



sill mat; 



Trilateral, ^ ^ U^ .s^rt^y? 

Trill, ^'^ r//rn^' s//m^; to 
trill, ^^^/c/f//! cM« 
s/icng, PM ch^cung^. 



Tia 



625 



TRI 



Trigger, ^^fjl] Vln-rhai'. ' 
Trim, ^]g^ \7<«f^-ts'ai, :j^ 
-ftl] /;'«i sf ?</£*; don't trim 
(cut) it so close, P§$f 8'1 
p||- Pj^l -m V<fl koht^ kom^ 1 
//<^/n^ trim the lamp-wick, 

trim the nails, ^ij -^ ^ I 
pH ''shall kaap^; trim the 
eyobrowa, |^|] J^ tai mi. i 

Trimetrical classic. — ^^/^^ 
5a«>» tsze' /;f»</. j 

Trimmer, (a) ^l^^f^ts'ui- 

mo leug sliau. 
Trimming, (fancy braid) ^ 
7^ ]aan-Z:o/(?J; trimming 
joist, ^^ p :p |J^ ^/N./?^ I 

Trinity, ^£ — • saam-ijaf, ^ 
• sw/;«-hop-//fl/; ^£ 



-^ 



sra/// wai 



-fe - fi 

t/at ^f-ai; the 'J'aiiist trinity 
(the three highest Tauist 
deities), ^£^ mam h'-cng. 
Trinket, ^J>,'[^|^ ^s/V-kin^- 
*t'au, 3^ i|^ oou' mat, 
^C ^g= oon /<* ; trinkets 



for the watch (watch 
charms), ^[!|^/"« *chui . 

Trinomial, ^ ^ p||^ c<;^(/»i 
rhi ti. 

Trio, ^ '^ — • ^ srt«>« 
hop yat ''che. 

Trip, (the foot) -^)^ sl>a(- 
keuk\ (up) ^ 1^ kiu^- 
ma, ^a]|^ kau-kenlc, (a) 
^ — [E] yau-yff/-ooi; trip 
you up {lit., make yon 
tread on a melon skin), 

# iS ;R ife f SS '/' 

.vfa" /;;«•« p'i Sii ch^aat; to 
set a catch to trip him up, 

/r/ra/ Sua; you won't catch 
him tripping, (lit., his 
skull is closed), /t^i?0 
'fej shang maai no &v/?oi; 
a pleasure trip, ^^ ^i{ 
yau hi (or ^A*): a trip into 
the country, ^f^i-^Jl yau 



not ti . 



Tri[ang, )^^ hoi-shum. 

Tripe, ■^flt'^ngau-'t'o, ^ 
W ^ ngau-;wr//.'-ip, ^ 
^ p'i cs/A;, g^^,Jj- p'i 6-2.'. 



TRI 



626 



TRO 



Triphasia, ^J^">,^ shaan-nim. 
Triple, ^-f^ saam-^i)'-oo\. 
Tripod, Jl^ ^tcng-, tripod 

ceusers, ^ ^ lo V«i^; 

the nine tripods of Yii, 

Tripos, came into the office 

by the tripoB, -^ ^ ffi 

^ ts'at ]fin cW-uut shan. 

Trippingly, ^^ hpng-^o\ 

Trisect, ^ ^ ;^ fun 

saam fun^ 

Trisyllable, H "^^ ^ saam 
yum tsze'. 

Trite, ^ ^J f§ Vr(^n.7-/.^- 
tsuuk; trite sayino-, -^^^ 
tsuuk ^le, '^ ^ sheung 
t'aam. 

Triturate ^ in; to 
triturate medicine, ^' ^ 
in yeuk; a triturating 
pestle, ijg ;jc^ lui ch'ui 
(met. a working-man's laro-e 
fingers). 

Trituration, |ff in, :g ini, 

^^ cJiuung. 
Triumph, ||[ -^ '/.o/.M*. 



Triumphant, gfj ''hoi; return 
triumphant, gf^ J^ %oi 
suen. 

Trivial, /\\ >J> ^siu-'^siu; on 
trivial grounds, ;§/J^f^ 
^^•ai ^siu Icoo ; a trivial 
matter, /J-*^ '^siu sze\ 

Trivium, ^g^^p srcaw 
r/i'rt lo' '^hau. 



Troglodytes, ^ ^ net hue. 

Trocar, Jfe 7JC # M/- 
slnd-chvm. 

Troop, ^ Z'vr^/n; the ranks 
of the troops, ^ :^ 
yuung hong; well-drilled 
troops, |g; ^ yni' ^^fn^, 

i& 6ifi y^^^' ^^^; foreign - 
drilled troops, y^ ^ [|^ 
yeung ts^eung tui ; recall 
the troops, ^^ -^ /'?/t' 
p«^; to recall troops, 5;^ 
j^j^ jv/roi sze; take com- 
mand of troops, ^ .^ 
/?n</i; 7^(^n^; to head the 
troops, ^f^ tuuk chan^ 
to move troops, f^ JS:. 



tiu' ]ipvg, ^ g]|j po' szc, 
^ -G hang 7vnj/; to lead 



TRO 



627 



TRO 



troops, ^ ^ sunt penf/; 
to semi out troops, [ij(li|j 
fh^uut szp; Govcriiiueut 
troops, *^ ^ hoon peng\ 
regular troops, ^Ij^ fhai j 
peiig\ to despatch troops, , 
^& 'hi pong, '^^^ 
~Y fun poot pmg teng-, 
to withdraw troops, i|^-& 
s/uiH pong; to parade 
troops, 1^ [)^ f£ 'paai 

•5 c ! • / -it 

tui ng; to raise troops, ^^ 

J^ mo pong; to enlist 
volunteer troops, ^^^^il 
~T" (^hiu rao^ chough f^J^J- 
land-troops, t!^ 5S :^ 
lunk lo ^^p>J^; otter armed 
resistance to troops, ^^'(M' 
^ -Ec k'ue slieimg hoon 
peng; loyal troops, [^ -G 
hong jWJ/7; a panic among , 
the troops, gj^ g ^ -^^ 
fuimg hok Zraai 7^2^; 
mercenary, or foreign 
troops, ^'■^ Jiaah picng; 
to le\7 troops, ^ -^ foo 
yik; a detachment of troops, 
— ' /(j)^ i^ y'^f^ f^' /c/f«/^; 



to deploy troops, )^. |J^ 
p'aai chan', fj^j [^ 7?^' 
chan ; defeatv.d troops, ^ 
1^ paai^ clian'; to re\iew 
troops, ;^ ^ V.s'o y'^'/?^; 
to drill troops, :^. jg^ ^ 
-J- V.s'y lin' 7^('y/y sze^; 
a troop of horse, — ■ [*^ 
i^ ^ yat tui' Sna pcng; 
troops in ambush, ^^ £L 
fuuk ;w?^; rebellious 
troops, ^ -& poon j^rn^ ; 
to troop ^(5|^ shcng tui\ 

Tropl.y, 0ft ^^ ^hmg' 
cheung chi ho . 

Tropic, ^ '^ it ^r/r^/'; the 
Tropic of Cancer, W ^ 
^ ha' Chi' ,in'; (X) ft 
^ :lt; P^. it-/a«i'-/w/:- 
haan ; the Tropic of 
Capricorn, i^^^^k. tnvng 
da' sif; (S] $i^mm 
il-tnai -naani-haan . 

Tropical, ^ ^ flg^ it fo'rn' 
ti; tropical fruits, ^ ^ 

it tcai chi k/roh; tropical 
year, ^ ^ chau nin. 



TRO 



628 



TRO 



Trofc, Jg:^ift 'faan-(a- 
t*ai, ^ '^^ lau-fa-^ globe 

trotting,^ ^VSS)1I 

%oi ngo van. 

Trouble, 



aze 



ltaan-x\^^K\^ 



c. 



(to) »j^^. faaii-^iii, f^» 
lo-tuuiig", (I will) ^ 
/(^^-faaii; rearing a 
tiger is breeding trouble, 

wai waan ; to escape 
trouble, ^^"^^f'wt naan'; 
I fear I have troubled jou, 

shirk no trouble, ^ ^^ 
^ ^ i'''"^ ts'ze lo \foo\ 
to cause trouble, ^[^ '^ 
1^;^ tso in shaang sze : 
to encounter trouble, ^^ 
H^ /a'O naan ; causing 
much trouble, ^^^1^^ 
toll shaanc) chi tsif ; to get 
up a pretext to cause 
trouble. |g^^$^ tsik 
fiien shaang sze ; calamities 
breed troubles, g^ W ^ 
Hf^ ts'aam in ye woh ; 
don't troubb ycur mind 



.BB 



abotit it, Silili\;^C 
tip maai sum shul; not 
shrink from trouble, ^/K 
'J'H 'j^ V^t taan faan; no 
trouble ^ ^ mo sze'; 
I will trouble you, ^/j^Q 
^ "05* ngoli sp?^y?Y/ faan 
^ni; so sorry I troubled you, 
g i]^^ fai^ sum; g ^ 
/hi' lo; don t trouble your- 
self, ^ ^* min lo; 
troubled (like tangled 
hemp), Jli^fL^Pift sum 
luen ue ma 
to trouble yon, ^* ^ 
Z'// ; to grudge the trouble, 
'1'^ ')^ haaii faan; the 
bream's tail turns red when 
it is in trouble, @|['^Jiw 
^ fong ue ^ch'(7ig ini; 
have you any grief or 

trouble, i^^^jimm 

imSlSB/B "' V'lLi mat 

^je pal ai' kann naan n*. 

Troublesome, -^^ fa i^ -sze , 

(person) *j^ ^^ im-tsim, 

"^ "^ JH ffi P'^^^^^ P""^ 
fuung ch'an; -^^ ''pisalcy 



; very sorry 



TliO 



629 



TRU 



gil ch'i ch'in; if when 
their elders have any j 
troublesome 
take 



Trowel, jjj^^fooi-shi Cchi), 

tKii^^ f'^oi slia shi, % 
^b nai shi. 



affairs the \ T^'oy, Troy-weight, k4^W 
the toil of ^^'^^' '"^^ '■^^'^"•'7'- 



young 



t'o- 



J c. 



^ yau sze tai' ''Uzc 
k-i lo. 



fuuk 



Troublous, M^ luen , ^.^ 
nAf] /o^ naan //. 

Trounce, "^^fT* ch'uung Ua. 

Trough, |<^ ts'o; watering 
trough, -^ 1^ SA?// ts'o; 
eaves-trough, ]^ |'^ lau 
ts'o. 

Trousers, '[i^ ||^, t'iu-/oo', 
(short) .^[n ^ 1^ ngau 
t'au-/bo ; pull up the 
trousers, ffc ^fc ^ U^u 
f'l'O t'au; trousers open in 
the crutch, g|? ^|g^ /u-t 
/bw /on^ ; loosen the 
trousers from the garter, 

Icfu/c'; tuck up the trousers, 
i^il^f/JK //</rwy /"t/o' t'au. 

40 



hok. 

Truce, ^^^^^: tsaani"- 
sik-koha-kicoh, ^ jl- ■^ 
-^ t'eng Vii A'oA;i ^-^ro/i,- 
a flag of truce, ^(^||f^ 

t/^^Vi (7^/ ho^ k'i, ^ 

paak k"i. 
Truce-bearer, ^ ^ 

cA^//7 paak k'i ^che. 
Truck, (<>., to barter) 1^ ^^ 

oo' oon , ^ ^ ^Y/rt<< yik, 

^ ^ mau' yik: (a cart) 

^ ^L 'ai ^7'?//;;' chifoh' 
c/i'e. 
Truckle,^ ^ A S ts'uung 
yan '^' § fi tsze' traf^ 
^ ^ /.7/Ya" fuuk; to 
truckle to a person, & M? 

ts'uung Jan. 



TRU 



630 



TRU 



trudge along wearily, ^ 



muuDg 



long fciuik' 



Truculent, 

/J ^ Hu maan, ^ :|J[ 
huung waang 
Trudge, .||^ 'ch'au-'ha; to 

^ch'au ; to 
trudge steadily along, j^ 
^ n]\ '^cb'au "^ch'au "^La; 
to trudge up and down, 
J^5^^i ^«ai/ loi Vs«2^ 
hue. 
True, ^ r7ir^??, ^"^ f/<rt>i- 
shat; true signature, ^^ 
^^ tik j)ui; true to bis 
character, ^ >^ «2«</ 
5f'n^'; is it false or true? 

rAan; it is very true, '^ 
l^'^^ sfium i wai in; 
not true, Pg-tp^na 
'm to/£ chrni Ice ; faithful 

and true, ,@.^^^' ®C ^jIC 

chuiing sum kang kang, 
true hearted, J^J^ chining 
hau ; it must be true, ij/^\ 
^^W^ pit teng' hai' 
chan ke ; You are indeed a 
true man of Ts'e, -^ g^ 



^ >/L ifei ^"^■^^ sheng 
Ts'ai yan ya; true indeed 
is^this saying, ^^J^ 
~ j^ sheng tsoi shi in 
Va; true friendship, "^j\j) 
j^ 1^ shat sum seung 
kaau; true to one's superior, 

j^t^ -t M ^'//^^m^ ue 
sbeung szf, true to his 
word, 1^^ ^ts'in in, 'f^ 



pi -^ i '^hau <7i'/; true 



bill, J^ ^ r/iw? ko^, j^ 

^ cArtu c/i ; true blue 



(iu sense of being perfectly 
upright), ^[^ ''I'hH chek, 

^ llS '^'^''^ sheng; true 
love, ^ ^1 chan oi . 

Truffle, ^@ ^hv^an chmmg. 

Trull, y^ ^ yam %o, ^g 
clt'eung k?, ^"^ ki^ 



nue. 
Truly, -^ ^ 'kwoh-in, M. 
jI^ chan-ch('ng\ -^ :^ 
shat tsoi\ -^ "j^ shat 
'^shau, ^ -^ k'ok^ shat, 
gri* ^ sheng shat; it is 
so truly, S IE ^ 
chan cheng^ hai^ M^ 



TliU 631 

ft % ^ ^''^^^ ^^^^^ ''^^' 
Mc\' trulj lamentablo, ^ 



TRU 



Tninclieon, f^ ;j;^ ^(upn 



sluie sliuuk '^holi. Trundle, 



liu. 



Trump, {lj\, jollj i^ood fellow) 

Trump up, :[:^1^ nip-sheng; 
(maliciously) trump up a 

charge, p^ — • pj ^ngaau 
ynf ^haii; a trumped-up 
charge, ^ :|:^ mo nip. 
Trumpery, ^^"^i^ long 
SKI* kau^ mat, j^ |^- ^ka 

wa' ^^ ^'"^ '"^^• 
Trumpet, gg f^ ho^t'uung, 
PHt 9i^ ho-/,>; a conch 
trumpet, $]§ ^ /'"o//, ^oA;^ 
a speaking trumi)et, ^'j^ 
ho t'unug; a military 
trumpet, "^^^ taai' Z'o/; ; 
to blow one's own trumpet, 
§ ^ t87,c' ffiaan. 
Trumpeter p)^^"^^ ch'iii 

ho &o/c V/ie. 
Truncate, gj]g[i ZWi/' 'f m^«, 
^■^ ^chacun hue'. 



/((Ilk, m fp 

I iiuh-'^ txa i . 
Trunk, ( box ) ^ npung, 
(body) ^ ./i.///, ^ ^j' 
taai -.s/ic/?!, (ele[)hanL's) ^ 
:^ tseung'-pat ; a coir 
trunk, ^^ IsuKug seungx 
a travelling trunk, Z^ ^^^ 
^^^S * 55?//?^ hang li; a 
leather trunk, ,^^^7^ p'i 
2mau st'ung, J^ iip p'i 
^luung ; a clothes trunk, 

^)]S® ' ^""^ 'luung; 
put it in the trunk, J\^^^ 
J^ shall lok "^luung ; pa per 
trunks (burned at funera s), 
,|K:JQlf| ^chi Icoiuf spung ; 
to pack a trunk, ^^^ 
chong seung; a trunk, — ■ 
-jg^ gat koh' sewig, — • 
^^ yrt^ chek' seung ; 
told him to pack he trunk, 
i.e., that he was dismissed. 



TRU 



G32 



TRU 



seung ; Pack up your traj^s 
and be off ! -^||:^|: lok 
seung ^ch^e. 

Trunnions, tj^ ^ p'ticni'-'^i. 

Truss, (for hernia) /J>3^^ 
7J^ '^siu-ch.'-Q\mg-hi-]caap\ 
(frame) ^^^ Jcum- 
tsze -ka ; to truss up, "rf^ 
^ ch'uu/c ^/cau, ^ paaii. 

Trust, ^ ^ i2«m'-laai', 
(on-) ig .sAfi, Jg /^ /^i-o/t' 
5WMn ; a trusted officer, ^ 
^ ^chuiui shau ; I trust 
you will do it, fE -gj; tK 



^ t'ok ni tso sze ; 
trust me a little, H^ ^t 
lf|\ sAe cliue' "^ha ; better 
to sell for cash than to give 
trust, ^ JIJ y(:, jgj neng 
in pat she ; men trust to 
the power of the gods, A 

lik; to trust to, ^ '/^ S' 
pang'; to get goods on trust 
(on tick), ^^^ laai 
tak foh'; no one will trust 
n^e, :fe& ^ :^ 1^ laai 
di^uen laai paai'; trusting 



to official power, ^'^^ 
tsik koon shai^; trust chiefly 
to trade, ^^^^g; toh 
Via shang /'; have power- 
ful friends to trust in {lit., 
leaning against a hill), ^ 
[| | kHiau shaan; to trust to, 
IW"^ '■« cheung'; to trust 
j°' ^ ^ *«^'^' laai^ :^ 
-jp^f *rt«i S; to have some- 
thing to trust to, 7^ ^S 

•^^ V^^^ ^^'f'^^ f^'^''^ pang'; 
to trust one another, "j^ 
-j^ seiiug ^i; nothing to 
trust to, ^ J'if f$ mo 
^shoh H; a responsible trust, 
^ fi chuung' jam'; a 
breach of trust, ^ Y^ 
7;ooi' smoi^. 
Trustee, ^:i£^ shau' ^'o/c* 

toi"* ^li mat ip ke' yan; 
trustee or manager of a 
loan association, "^B^ ooi' 
t'au, "^"^ ooi sArt?<; he 
has been appointed trustee. 



TRU 



633 



TRY 



vail yiiu laap "^k'ue wai 

toi' li ynn. 
Trustful, pf^lg^^EIlJ^ 'hoh 

sitim^ t'o/c* ti. 
Trustless, y(:. ^^ ^ pg^ [mt 



ning siiun li. 



Ti ustworth V, ^ ^ tmih 
shat, ^ -^^ ^/.s'j<r smm , 
i\!l> HJ ^ sum fituJc yan, 
pSf»j^l|r5^ 'm \^hai kaaii\ 
^^i^'l^ 7i;Vm/^. ^rt/i; chue'. 

Trusty, ij^ :|^ cli'i ts'uun, 

^>?S '''^''"'9 'i;Jiuun, ]^ 
^^ chuung sunn y^ W 
'lo shat, pf ^ n^ VToA 

Trustworthy, 



^ '■]o-shat. 
Truth, ® JH r//rt»-Mi, SfJ 
rA«/?-»\va', ^ JH to' 'W: 
speak the truth, ja ^ 
r//fl'n hong; to tell the 
whole truth, i.e., make a 
clean breast of it, ^^ Q 
^^ -paai paak ^kong; 
there is some truth in it, 

the truth of a case, ^^ 



sze' shat; the truth will 

shck ill' nut; Heaven does 
not let tlie cause of truth 

perish, J^p^^m^ 
Pin chi mi sony^ szc inuii: 
truth and falsehood, y^Y^ 
hcng wai'; this has arisen 
from the reporters going 
beyond the truth (said of 
statements not quite 
accurat^e), ]>X^^'&^ 
S ko^ che kiroli' ^'ya. 

Truthful, IM-W f^c^^ shat. 

Truthfulness, =^ ^ sheng 
Bhat; I do not know how a 
man wltlput truthfulness 
is to get on, ^ffn^>g^ 

suwV' imt cJii k'i hoh ya. 
Try, i 



s/ti - ha, "^^ — • 
^^ ^7// -gaf-shi^, (before a 
court) ^P(5 '^^hi'iii-nmn^i 
try and guess, f^^ ^ ^ 
[fT\ ni ^/j/ ch'aai ha; will 
try to bring him round, 

chaen'' ^k"ue ; try but once,. 



TRY 



634 



TUB 



mm 

just try, 



IP ^ 1^ |f|; tsik 'koon 



^\ill you ? 3 
s^iP yat sh/? c 

.s7ii^ ha ; try once more, 

SM*— fet ^'^'' '^''' y"^ 

aid ; try youv hand at it 
for once, j^lTp-^^ ''in 
%2i shau shal ; I have 
already tried, 



sJii 



to 



Jrwoh^', try and see, pj^^H^fJ 
lf]\ .sZ/a' ^^V«" ha ; try first, 
jM. I^ 'M^ ^^ ^sJa/e moh 
sha po ; try in court, ^^ 
gH sJnim sinai^: to try in 
open conrt, ^ '||^ t'ons: 
sinm ; to try and 
sentence, ^ ^ 5?/^//? 
^?/r';?'; try for once, ^^ 
prn Pnm^ f-unx* ha; to try 
an experiment, ^{^ — • ^j^ 
faant' yat tn(n)i ; to try 
for soundings, ^ ^^ ^ 
Paarn* sha shut; try to 
get into office, ^^ [jj ^ 
t'o koh^ ch.'-init shan ; try 

the depth, jJy.JiU'fn^ *^^"'^' 
tsum^ ha ; try here and 
there for a loan, ^^^ 



PJ^'^ ^'"^ ™oli ''^■^"^^ ^'^'^; 
if one resource fails, try 

another, {lit., if your nag 

dies, you can still walk), 

'^^•/§%R 'ma 'sze 
lok ti"* hang. 
Tsar, (of Russia), -f^^^ 
SJTll:^M'3^taai'"goh 
loll sze hivok taai wong 
tai\ 

Tsarina, :^pg.|rTia::A: 

A'^ro/'; t:iai^ w<jng hau . 

Ts'eng-meng, (commonly but 
wrongly termed Chinese 
Easter), ^ ^ ts^exg meng; 
to perform the Ts'eng-meng 
ceremonies, ^ ^ hang 
ts'eng; to keep Ts'eng- 
meng, ^ [J^l hang shaan. 

Tii^j yfc '1^ muuk-p'oon ; 

bath tub, y^ ^ yuuk 

p'oon ; the tub into which 

grain is thrashed, ^/J^ 

faak Pvung. 

' ^l^oon, -j^ t'uung, 



Tube, ^ 

*t'uung; a double flute, 
made of a bamboo tube 



TUF 



C36 



TUL 



and a reeJ tube, 

Tea koon; a pencil tube, 

^ ^ j)ut koon. 
Tuber, (a) — ffi @ uat- 

koh - chuung. 
Tubercle, ^^ yimnij ; the 

tubercles of the lung, ^jjj 

^1 /iirti' yuung. 
Tuberose, ^^ ^ ^ yuuk- 

tsaam-fa. 
Tubular, 3J^)|^> timing sum; 

tubular fireworks, ^ »j# 

chuuk p^aaic'. 
Tuck up. ^^ '\[m-'hi, j^ 

^ yaap^-hP; tuck up the 

hands inside the sleeves, 

;^^'^^' /crtaj^ maai 

cAeA;' 67mi< ; to tuck the 

sleeves up, i^ |'^ ^kuea 

tsau\ 
Tucket, gE t^ — P^ ho^ 

t'unng yat ch^ui. 
Tuesday, j^ ^ Zl 'lai- 

paai-v'. 

^ chek -*kai, a^ 
ijat-tsap; hair 

dressed in two tults, jT 

■^^ aa Z:o^ V:«/; double 



Tuft, 



tufts of hair, (sign of 
maidenhood), ^^ -^ 
tsuung kok^; a tuft (of 
hair) or the crest of a 
bird, — . '^ =§1 yat cheTc 
ka\i'\ (filial) tufts on both 
sides of the head, ^ 



^ Mail!' shuun' rao; tuffc 



left on the head, 

pill ^tenfj; tufts of hair on 

the temples, ^ ^ shia 

paii?\ a tuft of grass, — • 

^ ^ y^'^ V^' ^i^'o. 

Tug, (to) |g ^oA, ^ Jaai; 

a tug-boat, 4I/giJS 'leng 

kong shuen; a tug of war, 

fe f>li n "}] ^(iai sheng 

tail lik; some one was 

tugging at my sleeve, ^ 

yau yan htng shau laao 
ngoh shaam tsau . 
Tuition, ^ ^ torn' tuuk, 
W^ s/<2^e ^?;;«; tuitional 
labour, ^^ shit kang. 
Tulip, [1|^^ sJiaan ts'ia 
koo. 



TUil 



636 



TUN 



Tulle, :fg ^ niin sha, ^ 



sze taai , 



/lyb *^ 



sze pin. 
Tumble, 1^ '^ tii-\oV, f J; 
||] Icwaaii'-'to (roll) ^ 
^ ImiJc-^to; bad a tumble? 

tumble down, "f^ j^ ^o 
too/) ; he tumbled over 
once, f^'^^l — '^ kwaan^ 
to yat kaau; the tumbling 
parrot, -^J i^ to hica . 
Tumbril, f&^ g ^ tsze 
chiumg ch^e; ammunition 

tumbril, ^/C M ^t^ 'M 

yeuk ch'e. 
Tumefaction, ^^ '^chimng 

hi fl^^ chilling ch^ong. 
Tumefy, Jf V./^m»^, ^gf 

leng' chuung. 
Tumid, JJ ^ \-himng ^hi; 

tumid waves, Jg^Jj^^ig 

^yuung hi jjoh long\ 
Tumbler, (on the stage) ^ 

^ luuk-/w?, (glass-) 

J^ ^ poh-M-pooi. 



Tumour, p^ ^ yuuk-*lau 

r/o j, 5^^^ ?/^H-*iau r^^;, 

litPl^ ^eny ning yuuk; 
form a tumour, J^ ^ 
7;:/^ yan; a man with a 
large tumour on his head, 
^'^ >;^« t'au; a vascular 
tumour, jin,5^ -^i'^^' *Iau; 
the pus of a tumour, Jj^ 
^ y^^/i *lau. 



Tumult, (bustle) 
naau'-it, (uproar) pg [^ 
ts'o-naau ; a great tumult, 

7/f^i' ch'eung; to raise a 

tumult, ^-^ §|j ?6'cZ; lueii\ 

Tumulus, ^|):^ y«?« "^luung; 

the tumulus over a grave, 

i^S 'ma lip- 
Tun, -^ ;(c^ taai' U^ianig, 

zk, vB ffi *^'^^^^ ^^^"" 

''timing. 
Tunable, pfUllJJ '^'^''' ^'^^^ 

^'' IS t# IJW ^'^^ ^''^' ^'' 
woh haai. 



Tune, (a) — • ^jJJ yaf-tiu , 
»^ Ao/?^ tiu', (to) *^ ^ 



TUP 



637 



TL'R 



Jcaau^-sin^, 



hiau - 



clnnin: tunc the strings, 
fM & ^'''^^ "^5 tunc tlic 

pipes, iS fl5 V'''^ «'■«; 

the hjte is out of tune 
(/>., the mind is discon- 
certed), ^^ §1 k'um 
7/i/7n luen^; pretty tune, 
Z:a(7i i/u»i: alter 



El 



vour tune (/.r-., conduct), 

Z-/roV /<(///// ioi; out of 
tune, !!^5pP /'^''^ ^c>h, ]^ 
g^ jjr^il tiu', ^Ig ?«/■ 
haai; in tune, ^^ wob 
haai; ^;^^ tiu^ woh. 

Tuneful, ^nS^-JH^ ^^oh tin' 
ti. 

Tuner, ^ ^ ^ Jccmi^ 
k'um che. 

Tuning-fork, f^ # ;2 3l 
tiu y?o>i clii ch^a. 

Tunnel, |_|j |I|[gJ sJta/tn-tnur\g\ 

Tunny, 9^]|^|l taai' /:««?/ 
lie. 

Tup, ^ ^ yeung Jcuwiff, 
jW^ :^ inaau yeung; to 

tup, feSS '^^"" ^''^'""'^'• 



Turban, |i gg ffl c^''"'' 
t'au-Z:fr;/. ^|||[] punk ]i'a- 

Hic 5H ffi '/'^""« t'au >(/', 
^ij^ L'au han. 

Turbid, J^ cluiuk; turbid 
style (///., dra;j:gled through 
th'e slush), :j:^ y^ ^ ^ 
toh nai toe;/ '■^/^/^Z; turbid 
water, )^;7fC flj""k slmi. 

Turbot, ;^P'^ t'^'oh '^hait 
ue. 

Turbulence, ^[ hien , ^ 

yik, fK @L PooJi' ^uen\ 
Turbulent, ^ ^ f.^r^'-sze ; 
turbulent desposition, f^ 

^ <I 14 f^u ^*'^' ^^'^" 

Tureen, ^ i^ Pong-taw, 

soup tureen, ;^ '^ % 

taai ^/'oy?// /r/2<. 
Turf, ^jj^ V.s'o-p'i. 
Turgid, y!^ ^^ fiin-\'hi(un(;, 

(bombastic) ^ ^ cheiinfj- 

taai\ 
Turkey, (a) j^ g| ^foh-Jccu, 

(country), ± ^ ^ H 
fo i k'i kicok''; turkey 

red, 7^ ^X jeung huung 



TUR 



638 



TUR 



^ wong- 



Turmeric, 

Jceung, ^S" fcewig wong 

Turmoil, ^ ^ \o-Iuuk, ^ 
^^^^ lo lo luuk luulc. 

Turn, ^H ^'hwn, Jx, ft 
''faan-chuen , (as a ^vheel) 
^^ft Vnm-t^um-chue)i\ 
(in a lathe) ^i. rh'e; turn 
the corner, ^ i^^ c//?^f// 
rw?< ; turn him out, l^^*^ 
j^ r/i^a chue kuie; don't 
turn it over, M Pj^J fj 
mo chaap chaJc; as easy as 
to turn the hand, M, ^p 
J%.'^ i^ ue fa((n ''clicung; 
the day wlien it is one's 
turn, ■|[|[ chek yat; the 
class whose turn it is, ^^ 
]^ c\\Qk paan; turn down 
a corner, f^^ cloip^ JcoJc'; 
turned his flag, left his 
party, turned his coat, ^ 
^ chuen k*i; turn round, 
^,'^U ffifoi chum t'au; 
turned it all into the 
vernacular, ft PfJ ;?|^ i^ 
^^ cJiuen saai jwon ti' 
wa ; turn about, s 



tiu cimen ; to turn the 
head round, Dip ft SI 

tiu faaii chuen t'au; he 
cannot turn out a proper 

nian, Pg- ^1 ^ A '^^ 
pin t((k yan; turn to the 
left, ft f5 ;i ^ ^chuen 
tvaan ^t^oh pin; turn hard- 
ships into blessings, iM||^ 
fi^ jrafe ue naan sheng 
ts'eung; to turn a bend, 
^^ )#^ ''chuen uxtan; well 



^ ^^ r-, ^ 

turned as a ring, |gj ft 

jff\ ?M uen ''chuen ue 

waan; turn the key, ;^ 

^b "■'"''" shi; rice left 

over night turns sour, ^a 

S ^IR ^ ?f ^'^^^^^^ y^' 

faan hai sunk; to turn 
priest, ^1] -g f^ ^7 ^'fli' 
/a«^ seal hang; take 
another's load in turn, i^ 
ft i^0 tsi]) '^chiien tamn; 
turned about, (crazy), -^J 
^ to Pun ; turn bottom 
upwards, A\\ ft p^uuk 
''chuen; the vessel sank 
and turned keel up, ^JJi^t, 



TUR 



639 



TUR 



AU '/^ cli'iim sliuen pUiuk 
'^hoi-j enter upon or retire 
from one's turn, J^ Jfj^ I 
^aheung ])aun, or ~[\ J^ 
ha' paan; a turn, ^ J^£ 

jiacin; to turn tlie head , 
round, :^^^gg ngok ^ 
/aan \'hue,i t'au, ^fftgg 
lai chuen t'au; turn over, ; 
jfU- i^ Smu ^ chuen ■. turn ! 
sick, /ffe VpSS tsoh^ moon'; 
turn the mill, 1l^ ^ ^«/ 
moh : attend to in turn, 
$^ Jjj£ hiun ^),'7r('n; it's 
your turn now, M^f^ 

turn liawker, J^ ^ maai 
Jaau: to turn against one, 
^'^ Vrwn Z;?r?</; (a pig) 
turning up soil with its 
snout, g!® JM^ Jcuunr/ 
''hi nai loi; Whose turn is 

it to read? ffe ^ S (0 
?^ 1^ hum /o' j;//i /:oA' 
tuuk ?.'/; like a poor man 
Nvho has nowhere to turn 



ue k'uung yan mo ^sho/t 
Jrurii; it is his turn, i^ 

^ tH '"""^^ chenk k'ue. 
Turner, ^ ^ f/i*«-t8eung'. 
Turns, bj, |*{Jjf »^ luun-lau; 

to stand watch in turns. 

fm*2jf&%^ 1^"» Jail 
hohn shall; do it by turns 

Im ^ ISC hum hoi tso'' 
Turning-lathe, ^ ^ c/^'e- 

ch'ong. 
Turnip, ^ -^ loh-paak; a 

heart as big as a turnip, 

korn taai koh sum. 
Turnkey, ^^ ^£ /cn/n' /swm^, 

^a«;« tsuuL 
Turpentine, :\^ |p yfi 

ts'uung-fc/Y -yau. 
Turtle, Jf(j Jg toi'-*mooi', 

a sea turtle, -^ '^ ^^ 
taai' ^^rt j[?/^'; round as a 
turtle's back, ^'3*{rH-[il 

Jcu-ai pooi^ Icom uen. 



TUR 



€40 



TWE 



Turquoise, ^ :|^ ^ luk 
ts'uung shek, ;)>§ JJ, 5 
ts'uung i shek; a turquoise 
colour, g ^ |>f 'lue 
suung luuk. 

Turtle-dove, j^jjj^ paa?i-Jcai(, 

Tush, iJlt'g 'mai-s/^r^y?^, p,g 

Tusk, -^ ^ ch'eung-nga. 
Tutelary, /^ |J ^- V^ oo' 

Tutenag, (ziuc) [^^ paak- 
uen, (white copper) Q ^ 
paak-t'uung. 

Tutor, ^ ^ clmmg-lca.au , 
^ g]jj shuuk S2f, ^ ^ 
sin shaang; engagement 
for a tutor, |^ ^ Icwaan 
slnie; the allowances of a 
tutor, -fit B^ Z:7^2(!///7 shin ; 



L^-» /JC3 

a private tutor, 
sat pun, ^ J^ .s«i: tsik; 
l^rincipal tutor to the Heir 
Apparent, :^ ^ i^ ^. 
f-aai ^tsze taai foo : 



secondary tutor to tlie 

Heir Apparent; ^'^'^ 

Ml f'aai tsze sliiu foo . 

Twaddle, I^ ^ 'mong in, 

luen .s/<r(e^ . 

Twain, pj| -(Q ^leung /i;o/i\ 

'. i'; cut a criminal in 

twain, 3^ ^ ■/?/ chaam, 

Twang, 5^^ li'ivanr/sheng. 
3fi^^ huung in sheng, 
^, ^ '^heimg shmg, ^ 
^ pi s7ipy?/7. 

Tweak, :|:;|; nip, ^g, |;^ :y: 
/ti: //^/ in ch^c chue\ ^ 
•^ ^. "^i shau chum. 

Tweezers, ^ '^ hcwi?- tsai, 
/J^ IS '.sn^nip. 

Twelfth, m^n tai'-shap- 
i'; the 12th moon i.e., De- 
cember, "f^Hl ^ shap i 
net; the 12th of the month, 
-I- ;^ shap i yat; a 
twelfth part, -j^ZZ^^ 
■ — ■ shap i^ fun chi yat. 

Twelve, -|- ZZ. slif^p-i^ a 
twelve-month, — • ^ yat 
nin. 



TWI 



611 



IWi 



Twentieth, ^ Zl + tai' i' 
shap; what twentieth day 
of the moon is this ? <^ 

ki iu\ coiue soon after the 
twentieth of this moon, 

"H" mH ^ -^' ''^^^ ^^^' 

Twenty, ^ -j^ i'-shap, -fp 
ya'; twenty-two, -fj^Zl yii' 
i ; twenty-three, "hf"^ ya^ 
saam; over twenty, ^^ 
J^ ya fo/i Koh : f^ive liim 
20 strokes, ^X -|f ^ V« 



7 C 

ya jman . 
Twice, ^ [eJ lenng-ooi, (*S(^f 

Times), J.^ P^ i /s's^f ; 

twice as much, p|f '^ [rJJ' 

^ *']<'ung p'ooi hnn toll.. 
Twigs, J-^ niit, j^ ^ rA<- 

hang (^tiraangj; willow 

to pluck the cassia twig, 
i.e., to take the Kujin 
<M.A.) degree, ^^^i, 
j/aan taan Jc/ccn ; give a 
traveller a willow twig at 

parting, -^^ |5|i Rt W A 

<hit lau tsang hang yan. 



Twiddle, ^^ ^moi; to tuiildle 
the thumbs, f^,^^g[<a- 
"■/n<;i 6-Aai< ^7<i huunij. 

Twilight, (eve) ^^ wong- 
/un, (morn) II|c3^ mooi'- 
^shong, J^ ^ pok mo\ 
[|H >^ fun tsik. 

Twilled, ^ g^ ts'e-»mnn; 

twilled cloth, ^ gf ^ 

ts'e mun ;V. 
Twin, — §K^I1$^UJ9 

yff< /?« t'uung shi shaan;/ 
ti\ a twin brother, — • ^r 

ti'.l t'uung ehi t<haang ke 
ma ^tsai; a twin sister, — 

gat tiiP t'uung shi shaang 

Ice ma nue. 
Twine, i||| -j^ sheng- tsai, 

(to) ]^ ^haau. 
Twinge, Hfj As'^/c', (to) ;P: 
/?^/;^ twinge of conscience, 

'd'^l ^""^ ts^eli'; a sudden 

twinge of pain, ^.^:% 

— [5^ /i'^ iu i'uuiuf gat 

chan . 



TWI 



642 



TWO 



Twinkle, gq 'shim, g^ ^g 

.shim ngaan, ^3fe ^shim 

Icu'ong; the eyes twinkle, 

Twinkling, (a) ^^^ ^chuen 
'ngaan, 3^ ^ Z;?«'o».^ 
raong: in a twinkling, ®a 



l^j^ r/MifH ngaan kaan. 
Twins, ^■' :^ f^ ma-shang- 
^tsai, ^;d^ shcung-shang, 
^ flg »^« ^'0/, p ^ 
/i<ert shaang, ^^ ^ li 
fc2;c; to bear twins, ^|5* 
s/tan^ ma, ^ JJ*0^ *^""'5' 
jwa fe«/; he is one of 

twins, tM H* 4 "^^^'"^ '"" 

Twirl, ^ |e] f/'^'«i' ooi; to 
twirl a teetotum, :|;^^;^ 
ning ch^e me i^me). 

Twist, ;p: '^nau, ^ /i;<7fl'7<; 
to twist hemp, ^ ^' 
/«n^ fsiT;; to twist hawsers, 
fj- If 'ta laam^ a 
mourner's scarf of twisted 
hemp, j^p. ^5 hau (mau) 
tit; to twist ropes, ]|^ |^ 



^A:a«?< laam ; twist together, 
^Jc ^^ kaan maai; twist 
the fingers, j^ ^^ ??a(^?t 
7^.Y'; twist off, ^ ^ 
nantw /i<^; to twist cord, 

/« i'o; to twist thread, j^ 

^j^ ts'^oh sin^. 
Twit, H 1'^ U ttHii. 
Twitching, j^ ^nau, (of the 

muscles) "^^ kan-'^i'hiicn,. 

®i 1^ ft S ^^^"» J^^"k 

Twitter, l^j fd^ g s/-s/- 
sheng, P^ j]^ B^ B® cki- 
chi-chaau-chaau, |^ 0^ 
ni naam; twittering of a 
bird, ^•-^'^ fiin maan. 

Two, ZZ i\ M *^leung; 
two or three, ^^ leung 
saa)n, or ~ ^ s««?n 
■^leung (used with the 
proper classifier); two or 
three days, 'pj^ ~ Q ^leung 
saam yat, ^^ saam 
*^leuDg yat; two or three 
days ago, ;5tBSH ^'" 
leung saam yat; to take 



TWO 



643 



TYP 



two pipes, ^ ^ P ffl , '^ JF' ffi ^ ^ oot-'pnan- 



yaali Meun<r Itau in; a ^ 
two-oared slipper-Bliaped 

boat, JJ- %^ S5 "'« '^'"^ 
•t'eng; two gods of the 
land placed back to back, , 

C ) I 

B^ i :H!! "'^ ^''^ *•' ' P"^ ' 

one foot on two boats, i.e. 



ue 



tsze', a (sign) 
^piu; movable type, ^^ 
oot t8ze\ -^^ ueii tsze', 
^»Jfj^ ts/.e' »///': forms of 
movable typo, yg- ;^^ oot 
^ywr/yj; to set type, ^ -^ 
rAi/^/ tsze . 



to bave two strino-s to one's ', Typlioon, Jg^ /"«"^-kau'; 

tbere was a tyi>honn several 



days ago, :5tS ^^ 
Jgl si/i ^ki yat yau taui 
fuuDfj; the beirinning of a 
typhoon, MM.Tf' ^'"^"^^ 



Jceuk' taap leung shuen; 
two-faced (like a bean-curd 

knife), SJgfTJ tau' W ' 

to; two taels of silver, j^ 
^^^B Menng hung ngan: 
there are not two suns in 
the skv, nor two sover- 
eigns over the people, ^ 

mo i vat mun mo i ki . 

1 

wong; if I cannot have the Typographer, ^i 
two to<^ether, ^ ^ y^ shiie che. 

■pT ^^ i '^clte jHit hoh Typographical, 
tab kirn; do it in two ways, ijan sliue ti. 

in two instalments, ^^ Typography, ^ 
"^ fun leung tsit 



kau' ''fan; it blows a 
typhoon, ^ J^^ 'ta 
fining kau . 

Typhus, ^MM:& '^"'"- 

hue-it-ch'ng . 

Typify, i: S IB l^^P i"'** 



•p 



ffl 



?/««' s^i<e c/</ sze 



grm 



TYR 



ijU 



UK A 



Tyrannicide, ^^ 

shaat po Jcwuii chi Bze . 
Tyrannical, ^ J^ po'-yeuk, 

Tyrannize, ^ j[^ po' yeuk, 
^ f(^ i^a' t'/<i;M'; to 
tyrannize over the people, 

^K ye^^^ mnn, ^ g 
"g" ^ «•«/ Y^e/i; jtJfi'a/.;'' seng . 
Tyranny, ^^ ;v<'-to\ 
Tyrant, ^^ pa -v^oug- the 
village tyrant, i.e., the 
local bully, j;!^ ^i^o pa; 
a tyrant (lit., a big whale), 
©i£ k'eng ngai; to play 
the tyrant, •j^ ^ feo/i; 

Tyrannous, ^ j^ P^ j^a' 

veuk fi. 
Tyre, |^|^ luun foo. 
Tyro, ^</J ^ ch'oh-hok, 

^<fj a-ch'oh^ ^ ■^ shaug 



Ubiquitous, fjlf: ]^ ^ ^ 
mo V<oA j^a^ yau, ^^ fijr 
!^ iDE nio sAt>/i pasf 



tsoi 



■■> 



Ubiquity, ^I^TfC^ mo- 

ch^ue -pat- yau. 
Udder, f I ^ ^ue toi\ ^ 

;^ <L ^ sA«2^' c/ii 'ue 



toi 



Ugly, II V/iVa^ ::^ jtf _^__ 
'm-'^ho-H'ai, || ^ 'c/i'aw 
yeung', >fj:|; p"i, -fit^lli P'i 
1K^ p'i hip, 



wai. 



maau ch'au, ffili 



hie 



snail. 



u 



U. S. A. 



''mi Jcn-oJc , 



taai mi kwol^. 



fui, ^ i['^ Vi:i^«i kivaai; 

so ugly, py-JI /^o//i' 'f/iV«<; 

very ugly, ^ Qg 'Ao 

f/i'<7W; an ugly business" 

^« li /ce' sre^ ts'eng; 
grows ugly, -^^g-^,^ 
sliaang sheng o/i;'' maau ; 
ugly language, '^^ ^T<x\x 
in. 

Ukase, jJcS -hit "^^'^ 
^7r(?/£ sheung' ue', ^ "q* 



UXT 



G45 



UMI; 



Ulcer, ^ 1^ cA'rtn/7-*lan'; 
venereal ulcer, J}Q'^ ^'0«i 
r/t'oiii/, {^ ^it piu^ tiiuk; 
fifangrenoiid ulcers (sii[)posed 
to be caused by eating 

''*'ts), -^ B< M ''^ '^^'"'' 
lau ; ulcers caused by 

opinni smoking, A'^ |^ i// 

lau'; a chronic ulcer, j^ 

^6 ^ ucn nin ch'otuj; 

there is an nicer on the 

face, M-t^S^ '"'"' 
sheung yaii tuuk cW-omj; 
secondary (syphilitic) nlcers, 

Ulcerate, ^ ^ shriang 

cit'onj, ^^'j^ M'-f ili'onj. 
Ulceration, ^^ ^ '^yau 

rh'ong, ^ ^ Vi* dt'ong. 
Ulcerous, ^ P0^ r/i'o?i.7 //, 

^ ^ (]0g (■h.^oiKj tnuk /». 
riema, [giEjf^JiejIf ooi 

ooi kaati? fudt' &ze. 
Ulna', IE jjiij- »g* clicng' 

^cIkiu Iciruf. 
Ulterior, ^ uen, ^K ngoi , 

^ liau'; Ulterior Tibet, 

i^.)^ liau' tsong'. 

41 



Ultimate, ^^ moot, j^-^ 

chnung, ^ jo r/a'^ ueii. 

Ultimately, ^ij J^ tn-iai. 

5IJ SH A'^-LHu, 5g ^ 

Ultimatum, ^ ^ A.'?<w' 

^^ Z'/i'r/ /</^'/t' woh waak 
cA//« /re' ^s/ii^f, ^ij Ig ^ 

Ultimo, ultc, piij* j^^ ts'in 
koh net, ^ )\ sheung 
net, -^^ hue net. 

Ultra, ^K ngoi , ^[^ kiroh , 

^ /7«a' ^f; 3^^ r-cuu 

kifoh . 

Ultramarine, '^^ {vxt-W-eng. 

Umbilicus, fjl: ^ \'o ts'ze; 
umbilical cord, '^^ ts'ze 
taai ; a plaster to keep the 
umbilical region warm, 'j^ 
^ ^ Siuen ts'ze ko; 
how can a man bite bis 
umbilicus (navel) ? i.e., an 

shai ts'ze boh k'up 
Umbra, 



Umbrage, iflj^U ou-i. 



UNA 



646 



UNA 



Umbrella, JQ ^ ^pa-che, 
(native oil puper nniltrella) 
pBg 'ne-r/i^ '^ ^ Sie 
man, (foreign) y^ ^ 
yeung chr; testimonial state 
umbrella, -^j^^ maau' 
mun man ; state umbrella, 
^ ^ loh saan\ ^ ^ 
\va f///: brinii: nie one nm- 



brella, i^— ^ 
/o/i yr^/! 7'a 'ue rh/' lai; 
Umbrellas to mend I (street 
cry) ?fl^S )'o 'i^QrJiP, 
IS 7$ S ^J'^ 3'^"!'? ^'''^'- I 
Umpire, g|i[(^4^A ^""''- \ 

Unable. >^ g^ 'm-nang, I 
^ ^ Mn- ooi: unable to j 

advance, ^ W] ^ i^ 
Usau tuung^ 'm ts'in; 
unable to walk, ^!^^ 
'^tsau 'm tuung ; nnalile to 
lemember, Pg fB f ^ 'm 
ki talc. 
Unabridged, ^ ^ 3^1 mi' 
'Icaam Jc/coh\ Tp^^^'^ 
'm kaaa slwang fi. 



Unabsolved, ^ij^^^ mi' 

she ku'uh . 
Unaccented, ^ 2 ^ B^^ 

mo chuung yinn ti. 
Unacceptable, ^> !^ ^ P^^ 

'm V</ sliau' //, ^^i^ 

n^ 'm Imp i<nin ti; 

nnacceptod, |§ ^ "1^ 'm 

shau Iw . 
Unaccommodating, /^^[^^S 

'ra-s^?m^-yeung. 
Unaccompanied, ^SBj^ mo 

ka?i ts'ui; go unaccompanied 

by any ^one, *^A^ 

'^ iLue mo yan haai hang. 
Unaccomplished, ^ ^"^ 

n^^ mi sheng tsau' //. 
Unaccountable, f^ "^ ^ 

'kaai-'m-faJr, ^ f^ him- 
kaai. 
Unaccustomed, ^ ']^ 'm- 

hwaan . 
Unachievable, yf^B^l^^'m 

nang sheng. 
Unacquainted, ^|^jj ^m-shik; 

unacquainted with business, 

^ jH ^ 'm t^mmfi sze ; 

unac(|uuinted wiih letters, 



UNA 



647 



rxA 



^ ^ ^ '"^ '^'^ '^sze'; Unaided, Q^ paak 'sJiau; 

unaciiuaiiued with the he did it unaided, M \ 

^vol•ld, M ^ Av/v/ mun. nh<v=: ™« « /"c. . 

-2; Aa ^M 5 iw IB ™^ y^'^ c''o*^ '^ up» 

fnao,,uirc,l ^^ i| ,„, ^g g g^ ^j^ <^„^ ^3^^, 

hok Iciroh, ^f*f 3j^ nil cfT, , ^ '-^ 

Unacted, ^fl^Jg rai^ hang : ^^"^''^^'"cd, :;^. s\^ -m j>^a' 

hiroh\ ^ ^3^^ mi' tso' ^ ^ 'n^ ^'''"^. 

Jciro/i'. Unalienable, ^ -j^ ^M Jl 

Uuadapted, yj^ /^ 'm hop. P^ 'm- y?i-/«A'-yan-/:^ \ 

Unaddressed, ^ ig "^ Unalleviated, ^_[|2 mi^ V//; 

mo meng Ice . ^^.'^ 'U' ''/ccam Inruli . 

Unadmired, %]^%^ Unallowed, ;^ ^ 0&^ pat 



ra 



mo 1 wai nil. 
Unadopted, I^ $ft ^Jg ' 

naap Itwoh . 
L nadorned, 7^ ^^ j>'-oh -so . 
Unadulterated, /^,^{^ fsfiiff- 

shuiin. 
Unadvisable, ^ '^ ^ ^ 

*m- /<«. 



yaam ti, ^ g^ [Jj<| m, 

Unalloyed, /^"^ f.^Hui:-s/ti7:^ 
lE^ rhnij-shik, ^pfg 

Unalterable, ^ pT M BST 
mo- hoh-Icang- hoi, ^^ ^* 

^> 8Sc ^''^^ /'^'^ /'"^ ''''"'" = 

it is unalterable, ^^'^l||^ 



Unaffected, ^^^^"^1 V.o- ■ kanghia /'^'///: unalterable 
*^>(////-tuung\ (real) S purpose, /^^^^ 7'«^ 
(■//7?i: unaffected sorrow, koi chi t . 



j Unambitious, ^E y^ ^ mo 
Unagitatcd, ^ ^ chn taai^ f//*"^, ^ ^ ^ ^ 



tBcnir . 



j chi hi pat. ku. 



UNA 



64-S 



UNA 



Unamenable, Z^ JJi f^ pcf 



funk niun\ yf^ Sk 
shan chaah . 



in 



Unamiable, Jf. fl l^t ynn, 

>f^ i& ?fn ^'"^ "■'"' '''''^• 

ITnanimated, # 4 ^ ™° 
6/irt«^ meng', *^;?i)^ ^'aang 
taam', ^jji^ i"o shan.' ^ 

Unanimity, ^ ^g liop '/', 
[gj i|^^ t'unng si<j». 

Unanimous, — i^ yat-swn, 

chmmg-i . 
Unannexecl, ^ :fg ^g mi' 

/.s/yy tSUuk. 

Unannounced, ;;yi^$K ^'"^ 

cli'nen j/'o . 
Unannointcd, ^ ^ # vffi 

mi' shau' cli'uen yau. 

Unanswerable, g? ^ pT '§^ 
ts'ze-mo- Jioh-jwk , ^ PJ 
:;g: pat '^hoh taai) , ^^ 
^^ temp jiot talc. 

Unanswered, ^ ^ p|9 mi' 
/«f/7> ti. 

Unanticipated, 7f^"^j§.^\ 
'm-ts'ang- smug-to\ 



Unappeascd, ^ "^ J^ mi' 
ts'ang 5//"; his wrath is 
nnappeased, tg^^jfi, 
k'ne no^ mi .^i/c 

Unapprehended, ^ ^ |^ 
mi' na wok , yf* ^^ |^ 
pat t'uuiig lull. 

Unapt, dull, ^:t|i} ^ch'uun- 

Unarmed, Tf^'^^l^ P«( 

taaP pcng In . 
Unashamed, ^> ^ ^ l^tiS 

'pat chi sail ch'-i, ^^^ 

'm hill say. 
Unasked, ^ f^^ mi' mun'. 

;;p p„f] 'm mun', ;y 5^ 

'm k'au. 
: Unaspirated, Mr. P^ ^ mo 

; Unassailable, 7(> ^ \ ik 
:ff ^'rti^ pi yan /■v/;^^// ta. 

Unassessed, ^ ^ ^ mi 

> 7 ^ 
tcng A'a . 

Unassimilated, ^ >\^ mi' 

fa . 
Unassisted, fl^ ^ ^ 'mo- 

yan-jw??^. 



UNA 



C49 



UNIJ 



Unassnaged, ^ f^ j^^ mi '■ 
'^Icaai .si/:, ^"^ mi' woh- ' 
Unassuming, ^ ^ /'"''- 

Unattaclied, yf ^ 'm 
slmiik, yffW 'm foo\ ;;Y> 

^||^ Mil (■//////. 

Unattentive, >[> ^ ti^ 'm 
yiuing' Si////, ;^@iCi> '•" 
la 11 ■sum. 

Unattcmpted, ^^ mi shi . 

Unattended, ^ ^ ^ mo : 
ts'nung c/tf; unattended i 
with danger, ^ j^ mo 
ngai: he is unattended to, 

:*^A5ilH n^i' Van 
yan Ji knie. 

Unattired, ^ ^ ^^ mi^ 

rheuk shaam, ^ ^ ^ 

mi' rhbny shilc. 
Unaudited, ^ ^ .^ mi 

ch'a ini . 
Unauthentic, ^^ jg ^^ p{5 

mo p'ang /t«e /j', ^^ 'M. 

pat rluin. 



Unautliorized, ^4^fi mo 
tsoh wai ; nn;uithorized 
characters, >fg ^ t«uuk 
tsze'; unauthorized use, i^ 
y^ Bhin ynung ; un- 
authorized deities. ^^ jp^ 
ts'e shan. 

Unavailing ^[E^ mo yuung', 

Unavenged, ^ $g mi y" , 
^ 8 % mi' .s7<ei' 2/f/i. 

Unavoidable, ^^1^1 'mo- 
noi'-hoh, ^ P[ ^;^ rao- 
liok-^\\ y(^ ^ /w^'min; 
unavoidable ills of life, ^ 

^ shau kip . 
Unawakencd, ^ |g mi' 

'.s^/7/ir, ^'fg mi' ng'. 
Unaware, l^f^J 'm-V:oo. 
Unbaked, (earthenware) JJJ 

^ nai j)'oo/, (bricks) ^ 

1^ r////^'U /''rt/'/. 
Unbar. -J- ^ km sluian, 

^ ^ ///^i i<haayi. 
Unbaptized, ^ §; jl^ fH 



mi shau >ta« lai. 



UNB 



fi50 



UNB 



Unbearable, |£ j^ i^'oA noi', 



m 



e.' naan fim(/. 



Unbecoming, Z^ ^ "M. *''^' 
hop i, ^ ^ Iffi '111 hop 



lai. 



ni 



Unbefitting, ^ ^ ^ ' 

hop i. 
Unbefriended, ^)3I|^ mo 

p'ang Vai^ ffiSflft "^° 
yau choh . 
Unbelief, ^ 'j^ ^'rt^ s?/jai , 



■'^i\1j> 1 -*?"«• 



I^nheliever, "^ ^ ^ pat 
sunn che, j^ ^ faan 
foo. 

Unbend, j^§^ fo)u/-suung; 

unbending, -J^ H^ f'arfi^ 

paaiT, too unbending, ^|| 

^ l^ ngaang tab tsai . 

Unbenefitted, >|p § ^ 'm 
shau f///^. 

Unbestowed, ;^^ mi' ts^za . 

I^nbetrothed, *fl" 5§ ;A 
ts^eng t'au nne. 



mo-^//n. 



Unbiassed, ^ '[^ 
Unbind, ^ ^ ^haai-lut. 
Unblamable, ^& 
chaalz-ch'-ub . 



mo- 



Unblemished, ^jgJE 'mo- 

Unblushing, |ft3^ Sno-^lim,, 
^ ^ ^l*^ mo-lim- chH. 

Unl)oiled, ^ ^ rai'-|?o. 

Unborn, [^j^;^ ™i shaang^ 
^[^i^ mi^ /i;o»^ shnang. 

Unbosom, pitH^li^ft ^'^' 
cliHiut sum I, ^^ ij^'v 

t'aam s«o». 
Unbounded, ^|5^ mo-haan , 

^^ mo ngan; unbounded 

ambition, ff ^ ^ ^ 

/s'f)?^ wan cAi clii . 
Unbridled, ^ ^ fong'^-^ze. 

Unbroken, ^,,^^^ n^'" 
min fat tsuet; unbroken 

descent, — MffilS^ V^^^ 
mak i loi; an unbroken 
horse, ^^^ ^ mi' 
kaau eld ma. 
Unburden, -^f^ /<2'^ y"ni ; 
to unl)urden one s mind, 
§|] ^ i"^ ^ 7^V«< meng 



S20M sze , « 



s// se. 



UNC 



Col 



UNC 



Unburied, ;f^iiA±4' 
liat iiiaai ynp /'« cliuung, 
^jc^ mi' tfinng ; a coffin 
still uiiburifd, "(^ij*^ t'ong 
kail . 

Unl)usiness-Iil<e, ^ -^ ^. 
^ 'in-hop-sze'-lai', ^^ 

Unbutton, ^^B: '^■^''" ''^"' 
Tncasc, ^ H ^ Hi yau ^ 

seung (a'tic rh'iiuf. 
Uncalled for, y(i, Jg pat I 
yi//// ; to cause mischief by 
uncalled for interference, j 

yuuk '/y (h'lun/ skacoiff. } 
I'nceasing, ]3> jj- prif-^c/ii, \ 

ch'uen lau ;'(■// .s^j/-, ^Jj ^ 

^''X /^'■/^.i.llyii^tstu'i^; 

unceasing railing, ^ ^^ ' 
j^ pl ma pat tsuet V/«?/; ^ 
unceasing succession, til 
^ ^ 2i <^^^'".(/ s//rt»^ 
;wj^ i; unceasing crying, 

^ tif 55 ^■'""' '^'^^ ^'"'^^• 



Unceasingly, g^ g|j ngaak 
ngaak. 

T'ncercmonions, ftt j^ J^ 
mo ^lai faat . 

Uncertain, ^ff|^ '■\x\-tak- 
teng\ ^^ /w/-teng', {lit., 
a fox's doublings), -^j]]^ .^i^ 
oo i, ;7|^ ^ mi' teng'- 
fjuitc uncertain, ^ ^^ 
mok teng ; uncertain 

weather, ^H#^^ ^'« 
slii pat teng ; uncertain in 

mini, i|i>!^^ sum pat 

teng'; an uncertain number 

^ ^P P3[ mi teng sho . 

Uncertainty, ^ ^ ^ ^ 
pat teng r/// sze . 

Unchain, ^ ^ /"ar«' lin'; 
unchain the dog, j^ '^ 

Unchangeable, ^ g^T 'W- 

c c. . . ■> 
mo- koi-piii . 

Unchanged, ^ yf^ 

mi \vau koi pin . 



uxc 



652 



UNO 



Unchangeably, ^^SC^^ 
hang ''koi pat talc; is it 
unchangeably so ?, -R! ^^ 

ywrt» liai '^koiii iiif. 
rnchangi ng, ^ ^ /laf '^hoi 

^ ^ 7w^ yik, g hang^ 

^a* slienng. 
Uncharitable, ^^|^ Sno- 

yan-ts'eng. 
Uncharitableness, ^ ^ ^' 

7Wf van oi' . 
Unchaste. '^^^ ]}£ ,^^ 'ni- 

rhciiij -Ifivj, ~^\ ^ pat 



&7/C 



^f /.//', :^ "^ 



'pat tsit^ ?, y^ yam. 



Uncircumclsed, ^^^ij/Tl^ 
mi shau hoht^ "^lai. 

Uncivil, iS^ijf mo-^lai, fli^ 
\^ ngo'-maan', i|'|! fg 
;jooi '■Jai; his behaviour is 

nncivil, mZniBiZ- 
5^ ''k'ue ke^ hang wai pat 
faat . 
Uncivilized, g^ V^- ^ 

/rf/?^ A"(7fn«'' /a': uncivilized 
people, gf ^ 'ye van; 
the wild tribes of Ynnnau 
are uncivilized, ^^ ]^ P?* 



wan 

naam '■ye van mi^ \vau 
1,aaa fa ; the uncivilized 
inhal)itantB, flE ^X 4t-S 



Unchecked, ^P_E mo VArt//; 

to leave uncliecked, ^#;^ ^ .^ ™o kaau fa rid 

fong tuning . kue niun. 

Unchristian, ^ |f|] f|^ ^ U"clad, &E :^ flg ^ mo / 

Vaa;?- ye so kaau ti. i t'nuk cheuk, ;^ ^ rAv/i' 

Unchronicled, ^fg^Jj^j mi' j s//a;?. 

Z/' ka-oh'', ^ $;$ Jj^ mi' j Unclaimed, ^ A ^'J ® 

luuk Zv^oA'. ' mo yan i(? ^(.s'ac, M J^ 

Uncial, -/^ ^ Ufl^l taai' tsze' , ^ mo yan n<', ^XS*t 

^'- mo yan '^i"c»; unclaimed 



L'NC 653 r\0 

letters, UAMZi^ rnclippcd Z-WM"^^ /'«^ 
mn yau ^Ls-ar ln^ sunn , f,'.^/;^ V<^^;j ^f. 



(maternal) JH ^ VcVn^ ^^ ^* „r^ _^ ■> ^^ 

*foo ; my uncle, ^ i^ •> rvu-j.^ ' rrr 

/y< .sAji///;; an uncle, _^^ ^ '''^'^«* '• 

«' .s7<»/^/:; uncles and Unclouded, ^ ^: mo wan, 

nephews, ».<'., relatives, 5^ flg ts'eng, Vf\ menir; an 

s^ ?////; chat; a great unclouded sky, flg ^ 



uncle, 4t\^ Vddh kauntr; , , . . 1 j 1 

' iMCii^ ' 'j \ ts'eng /'<n; an unclouded 

first uncle, -hM^ taai ori ,> 

sltiiuJ:; second uncle, , ri "jL » 

^ i' .luaclr; third uncle, ^ 9^ ^ ^L> ^^"^"^ "^^"S 
~ :^ *■"''"" shtiuk; to '•^' ^"'"• 
visit my "uncle" O'.^., , Uncoil, jjgp^ p'oon //o^ ^ 
the pawnshop), ^H;^ |^ ^kaai hoi, |g|^ V.-«m 
^hue i fihiiuk huung. hoi. 

Unclean, ;^ ^ f^ Mn-/-//- Uncoloured, ;:y: ^ [J^ mi"* 
tseng\ ^^ y^. ts'e yum, . 'im //, M "^ mo ^/^/A', 
v"-^ o«\ unclean thoughts, 1 ^: i<i? . 
^llsB^S^ •'""' •^•J« ts'e UncoUected, ^ ^1^ ^J mi' 
yum, y^-j-" j^ '"' t ; an ; .v7iaf< tsue . 
unclean spirit, ^ f Ip ts'e Uncoined, ;^ ^ D8^ mi' 
slmu. j ihm ti, ^ilffiP^d ""' 

Unclcansed, ^]f^ /"'"' tscnir . ' chit£ yan ti. 

;^-ig pat ln\ Z-MM Uncombed, ^^MM 
pat h-it^ h/(W. mi^ .?/wA isii" Icwi>h\ 



UNO 



654 



uxc 



Uncomfortable, ^ ^ i\j^ 
'-m-'^shong-facu, ^5^ ^vai 
Avoli, ^ ^ 'm oJin, ^ 
^^ 'm r)/^/j lok. 

Uncommon, ^'^ /?-slienng, 
=^ W. ^kicai ?; a not 
uncommon surname, 3^^ 
"^ ^[^ f i/?/«^ hang he' 

rncommonlj, ^ '^^ Pflj ^ 
shenng ^/. 

X'noompensated, y^ ^ ^ 
mi sbau ^sheung. 

Uncomplimentary, ]^p^llM 
pat tsaan fi, ^^^^llfl^ 
vat cW-enq Siii ti, fe i^ 
mo 'lai, ^ ,|§ Pgj ,// ^lai 

Unconcerned, !^_j^>l^> 'na- 

Sheung-s?<;«. 
Unconciliatory, ^ 

^;ai f/u Avoh //. 
Uncondemned, ;7fc^^ 

teng ts.ue . 
Unconditional, ^ K^ mo 

haan', MKi^lj mu haan' 



chai : unconditional sur- 
render to tlic enemy, ^ 
fi M ^ ts'nen laai^ tek 

^PS IRIA H*,\ 

yan. 
Unconfirmed, y^ y^ ^ |^ 
mi' yau shat kue', ;^^^ 
mi teng . 
Unconnected, ^ 5^ ^ pat 
lin /.s/>\ ^ ;ffi J^ P^^i 
I Sfw?^ lin, ^ -^ ^ paf 
seiing tsi/)\ Z^j^*^ put 
! ifaaP, /^ p^ fun hoi, 
' Unconquerable, ^ "p]* ^ 
, ;;.7^ Vio/i shcwf, ^ i^^ 
I ;;«^ nang Iick. 
Unconscious, ^ ^ ^ ^ 
jnttdii-pat-holi, -^7^ shot 

uan, ^ A B^ 3^ -?'^'^ 

yup laiunp ts'ze . 
i Unconsciously, ]!^ ^ intt 

s/ii/:. 
! Unconsidered, ^^^ffl.g 



;^ C. 



l^» 



mi 



mi \vau sai^ nze, ^ J^ 

W mi nine 1 . 
Unconstitutional, ^ ^ ^ 

^ mi^ bop ktro/i^ faa^. 
Unconstrained, fi ^^ tsze - 



in. 



///i in. 



rxD 



600 



UXD 



jiat 



Uncontrolled, ^ ^ 

^koon ti. 
Uncontrolhible, |^ ^ fun 

ipun) ^ kiu, ^ Ji :y: t# 

koon li ^w^ tnk. 
Unconverted, ^ ^-(i I^W '"'' 

Z"^'' ^'^ * ^ ^ OW ^"^' 
Unconvinced, ^ ^0 mi^ 

Uncooked, vegetables, ^^ 
sluunig fs^oi''. 

Uncord, ;^g^]$.g Va/«i /i«t 
shenf'. 

Uncorrected, ^ ^^ ^ j[]|^ 
mP Vail %u' clu'vg^. 

dncoanted, ^ ^ P^^ ^w^ 
slin^ ti, M:|^ mo .s//o\ 

Uncouth, 7f^ ^ As'o-tsunk; 
an uncouth expression, i||J 
^^ f//?/^/'^ ts'ze; an uncouth 
fellow, gp ^ V' A^- 

Uncover, }f£ |^ ^tin-hoi. 

Unctuous, ^g 'Mj* r/// /;o. 

Undated, ffi fiflpBtl mo 
yatk'i //, ^^f^p^t) 
mo nin fun' ii\ an undated 



letter, M6^^\mZ 

^^ mo nin net yat k'i kc 
suun^. 
Undaunted, Jf, g| ^ 'm- 
song^-^t(i(im, "fiffi -^ '|'|| 

mo-/rra -kue . 

Undecided, "fiffi ^ mo teng\ 

W^^ mo-teng'-V/«m/, 

^.li^^ «li'^^» ch'ue, ^^ 

;g mo 'chiip i\ tg ^ 

'mong in, |g |g V"^ 
shuuk, ffi^jS mo /^/r; still 
(rather) undecided, ^p^jc 
^£ yau mi' teng . 
Undefiled, "^f^ //Y'-tseng',; 

UiKletined, flg^l^ /'w/!' louk; 



an unc 



ip 



efined terra, ^j^ y^ 
^ i^ mi' ^yau teng' 

^^^^'"g' * ^ S ^ "^i' 
teng' ktroh^ meng. 

Undeformed, ^ ^ Jg PfiJ 

2)at k^itoi' yeiig //. 
Undelivered, ^ ^ ® mi' 

/^fwn kff'oh^. 
Undeniable, ^ H ^ ^ 

^w^ nang /'/a' ^w/. 



UXD 



65G 



UXD 



Under, "fC ha\ "J^ Jg Im^ 

^t(/i (to be) :^ ^ tsoi^ 
lia': under my control, ^ | 

^ 0r ^ shnuk Sigoh 
•s/joA kiioji; under no 
circnmstances, ^ ^ ^:S 
tuen^ pat talc; nnder his 
ccntrol, ^fgg^lf shau' 
'k'ue '^Icoon hat; under 
Avhat radical is this charac- 
ter fonnd ? |j/g yfv :^ ^ 

tsze' yup pin hole' tsze^ po' 
in\ nnder the whole Heaven, 
every spot is the sovereign's 
gronnd, ^'^^;g-f;^ 

^ 3E db V'" '""^ '-^^^ i^'i^ I 

niok /?■ wong '^l'o\ nnder 
his management, i^-fg-^ [ 
~JC tsoi^ k'lie '^shau ha^; 
patient nnder misfortune, \ 

^ ^ ^ -^ '^^^'i ?^e ^'»« 
go nnder these 



meng 



conditions, 03 ^ |± ^ 



<'7i«// ^ts'ze ts'eng 



yeng hang sze': the troops 
are under orders to embark. 



fuung^ meng' 'sheung 
shuen; nnder sentence of 
death, B^5tP ''■ teng' 
''sze tsne'; a post nnder 
government, ^^;2|| 
;^^ wong ha he' ^hoon i?; 
I tell you nnder the seal 
of secrecy, ^^^lp% 
^ Sigoh aze hu^ \Vi chi; 
under the head of receipts, 
'tt A Si ft tsoi' yup 
sko^ noi^ under five dollars, 

3£ Tt: iilT^ '"g "cn 'i 

ha^ under lock and key, 
^ ^^ .S7;A chne^; under 
anns, ^j^ff ne' pi' V«; 
under cover, ^ yf£ clie 
chue'; he spoke nnder his 
breath, tM^lalg 'k'ue 
hong sai \va'; under or 

*^^'^^'' Jt ~F slieung' 'ha; 

nnder way, ^ hang, .| 
shai ; an under cook, 

jfjugt /^9«^ ch'ue /^e\ 
Underbid, :|g ^^ fan '.sA/j<. 
Undercurrent, '"J\ ^^ ;;;^ 

ha' lau he^ shui. 



UXI) 



f,:,7 



UXI> 



Underdo, (in cookiiifr) :^' 
::^ '^K (hue mi sliimk. 

Undergo, ^ sliau^ now nn- 
dei'fjoing sentence in gaol. 

ts'oii yniik sliau^ \foo\ 
nndergone many hardships, 

lik line toll naan foo\ 
things have nndevgone 

4'* ^ 



many changes, ^. 'I'm 
^<oT^ sze ts'eng /rw?^ 
pi 11^ luie toll. 
Underground, jr-^Jl ~J\ ti^ ha'. 

Undergrowth, 4:J$;|#j~f^ 
^ ^ «//««// u^' siaie' ha"* 
f/ii ts'o. 

Underhand, ^^ pjt .*r/'-*ha\ 

y/i/;/^- s/uii/; to buy in an 
underhand manner, >l^-^ 
^ waang 67/^^/ ^naai; 
underhand gains, :|^ ^' 
waang ts'oi; to use niidei- 
hand means, 'j^ -^ J^ 



shiii s/iitn hiiik^; to i\o 

things in an underhand 

way, ^:i;fifi5Ji:^ sre .s-^ 

tso^ sze\ 

Underlings, (official) "^ ^ 

•''^' y'-i'N ^ # 'g /^^-^/'^ 

tsaa[) kcxMi; oppressive 
underlings, (///., the fox 
borrows the tiger's terrors), 

irai- a new 'head' brinirs 
his own underlings, — '^ 



/'m ^ti<2c yat ch'iu shan. 
Undermine, ^^ ^ S| V^/- 

ti -lining. 
Underneath, "^ ~[T ^ tsoi 

ha^ ['ui. ^iljt^ Lsoi^ ti^ 

ha\ 
rnderrate. A/* "^ ''s/iiii chi. 
Undersized, Pg^/^T}^ 'lu 

kail ch't'k^ ts"i"n. 

Undersigned, ^^^ 

meng die. 
irnder.stand, ^ ///// 

meng-paak, ^ 'ooi 



/,s'/;// 




UND 



658 



UND 



underRtand it thoroiio-lily, 

imo )jaf. pat //in, ~^;^j^ 
Jj|^ shap fun Vmiug sacii^; 
ntiderstand it clearly, ^ 



^^ menpj /wV; 1 under- 
stand, ^ ^:S hi a tak: 



m 



unable to understand the 
pun or allusion, ^^^^ 
j)at tenet tui ; understand 
the nature and reason of 
things, ff j'g Jl %imf/ 
ts'eng ''li; do you under- 
stand, i^^, ]% ^^} Sii 
hmnj tak; not generally 
understood, t.^., caviare to 
the general, lit., a cow 
eating peonies, -^ W^.^ ^ 
;^ ngau tsm inaau taa/i-. 
\\'\\l soon understand it, k^/^ 

^ 5^ S ^^'^"^ '^" "'^'"j^ 

])aak; can understand, ^^ 

t^tU ^'^"^ tak ch'iruf; do 
yon understand it, 'f^'^ tjB 

S Pa ^ "' ™*^"o P^'ik 
'm ts'ang; partially under- 



stand, |i§ ^ — ' Zl Jeuk 
f/ii yrt^ i^; understand a 
little, ig-l5g-jj^ leuk leuk 
hiu; understand every 
word, ^ ^ ^ 1^ kue^ 
kue^ to hill; after all he 
doesn't understand it, "^ 

Pg l^ # '^^^"^ '1" '^^"^ 
Ar/^; I don't understand it, 

P§- 1^ M '"^ '^""" '''^"^'' 
understand withont ex- 
planation, ^ § TO 1^ 
7^r/^ in i ue\ 
Understanding, ^ p^ ^I'/i 

Undertake, -^ ^ jwfr?^- 
sheng; I^Pi^ taa/ii sheng; 
undertake ])crsonal respon- 
sibility, j^B t ^ ^^""^ 
shenng shaii; undertake 
the responp.ibility, j^H 
^S* taam ton//; undertake 
for, i^0 ^ taam taai^i 
undertake the whole duty 
single handed, — > ^ j^H 
^ y^^^ Z:/n /f/r^/>/ f//ai\ 

Undertaker's sho]t, .^ ;^ 
shau'-7'flay/-*^^'o. 



I'ND 



GbO 



UND 



Uudertaktis, ff f^ \\g (soic\ 

Undt.Ttakiiijr, ^ sze^ a 

profitless uiidertakiiiir, i.f., 

to scrape iron out of the 

eje (//■/., nose) of a needle, 

^t Si M ^ '/'"'« pi' 
scu/c^ t'l?- a great under- 
taking, -^ ^ taai' sze\ 

rndcrvahie, ^'(^ hvlai'-tm, 
^$f "t'ai-heiig. 

Undeserved, ^ {^ ^ 'm- 
y//?^-sliau\ 

Undeserving, M ^ mo 
kmw(j; undeserving of your 
instructions, >|J^^|g 
t'im nmung haou fui^. 

Undesigned, ^ ^ jg 'm- 

7 5 

a:0(/ -/ . 

Undesignedly, [^ ^^ rTff |il 

jw^ ?/^'?^/i;' i t'uung. 
Undetermined. ^^ ts'nung 

'.vai, ^^ ^ //^//' tfng\ 
Undeterred, ^^>, i\^ 'm ^/V/'. 
Undeviating, ^CflJ pat j^' in, 

\U, liang, '^ slieung. ^ 
Undignified, "T^^J lia'-tsin'. 
Undisciplined, ^^^flj^ 

mi muung /.7wa' ti\ undis- 



ciplined troops, 7|e$I|$ 
^ _& mi' /i:^/>/7 lin' hc^ 
I'lng. 

Undisguised, |g ^ ^hin-'m. 

Undivided attention, ^ — . 

chuen-ijat, B^ ^j]^> f/<j/fn- 

sum', undivided energies. 

^ BiJ 7^ Jii$ t^'"en >.^ 
^.sf'n/7 shan. 

Ui)do, (loose) ^ ^ 'haaf- 

hoi, (ruin) jj^ fer /,'<,/*'- 

paai : cannot be undone. 

Pa Pri f4 5 '°i ^^^*' ^«/^ 
kaaii. 

Undock, [ij jlg y^ ''^''""^ 

si men o . 
Undomesticated, ^ Se. ^ 

S ill O&il "h' Veuii 
ts'uun ^/. 
Undoubted, ^||^ teng'-in, 

/ shat s/iiicf . 
Undoubtedly, ;ijg ^ toJc* 

shat. 
Undoubting, ^ 1^ Suo-i. 
Undrained, ^j^j^^^^ mi* 

/c/<^ /.-.'fm .v/iz/i. 






UKE 



6G0 



UNE 



Undress, [^^ ch'-ne-sliaam, j 

Puet i fiuik; ill undress, 
Undulating-, |gj^ ^^ polr 



*mun, 



*yeung- , 
tuen . 



^ /Wi-long - 



UnduLifnl, ^ ^ 'm 7i«rm'; 
an undutiful child, {lit., 
the butcher bird), jjj A^ 
^* shaan ywf/; lo. 

Unearth, :j;g[ij kwnt r/??/?//'. 

Unearthly, ^^[li: _t pg| A 

Uneasiness, Jf:, 2^ ^ 'm 
jj'eng o//;/: to give one 
cause for uneasiness, -f^ 

p'eng olin. 
I^neasy, ^^ hiin-ohn, pg 

^ # 'm-.A/^lok, ^ X 
nip ngat, ;^jj ;^ h^z</ 'in 
{ naau); I am uneasy in 
my mind, ^^i:.>pg^f| 

iigoh sz^wi 'm oA;? lok. 



Uneatable, ^^ g^ ^ ;?«/ i 
shik, ^ r| ^ 7^^/ V/o/i 
shik, (///., not worth 
putting the chopsticks into) 
^ J:^~J> ^^ pat Itimi ha 
chue . 

Uneaten, ^ ^ ^^ jljg mi' 
yau shik Unol?. 

Uneducated, pH |^ ^ '^ 
shih tsze . 

Unemployed, ^^^ 'mo- 
sze -ip: unemploj'ed capital, 
^ ^ haau ngan; he is 
nnemployed, f^ :^ ~y" db 
^'^k'ue Sno kiiunijfoo tso\ 

Unending, ^ Sveng, ^j^ 



weng 
k'uuni;-. 



uen, 



*?!Vi* 



M M^ 1"^ 



Unequal, ^ ^ ^ml-'^ianij 
>1^ ffi ^ '^^^-^''I'lig-'^tanri, 
^ [^ 'ni-t'uung: unequal 
to the pattern, ;^^ '^/^v^?^ 
yeung Ci/einif/)-, I am 
unequal to it, ^^:^'^ 
Sigoh mi rl/i toi' (tai'j. 

Unequalled, 36fi; M 
slicunii. 



mo- 



UXF 



GOl 



UNF 



Uneven. yi\ 211 •iii-j»'oii,ir, 
yr/n Y^v/;; nneven riilges, 

Tnevenly, jf- ^ ^^ *•» 

p'eni; //; unevenly distri- 

Itnted, ^ p^ -^ ^s///// 'm 

wnn. 
rnexcellod, Rf^^p ^'A' 

nunk /o/< loli. 
rnexhausted, 4S: '/^ nio 

ngaai. 
Unexpected, ^>f> 'fe ^•^''' " 

'in-^^-r>(?, ^^; ^j^ t'-ngoi'; 

an nnexpecLed calamity, :j^ 

f^ wanng avoIi'. 
Unexpectedly, !^g^ /''""' wai', 

^^ sYwi Vi«« j;«i k'up, 

1^^ shni r/t/. 
I'nfair, yf»^j^ ^m-huung- 

to . 
Unfaithful, ^^ ^ Z:/^^ pok, 

^ >S> 'fW -^'"^ c/i«?^"^ 
Unfathomable. '^ '^ ihum 

42 



iihu 



Lvonnible, y)^ j|^ /;///- 
siii^, ^ ngaak. yf^jlllj 'm- 
shnnn\ pg f |j jjj Mn h' 
^slii; wind and tiile un- 
favourable, Jg ^'gj^ j^ y[^ 
^ftii fming '-(ai ^slmi; un- 
favourable wind, ^ ^K^ 
yik fuinyj\ unfavoiiraldi- 
circumstances, 4'^ ^ y|^ 
-^r ts'eng yeng imt kaax\ 
favourable and unfavour- 
able, ^^ k<^t hmmij. 
Unfeelinu-, j^im pok-t&'eng. 

Unfeigned, ^ jg^ ;w/' ^ha. 



M 



sliat. 



Unfeignedly. ^*|]5j5^ slieng in. 

Un filial, '^ ^^ ]Hit-Uaau ; 
reject the oblations of an 
unfilial son, '^ ^'^ kaah 
tso ; there are three things 
which are unfilial, and to 
have no posterity is the 
greatest of them, ~^ ^t. 

haau Sau mam mo hau 



wai taai 



.3 



UNF 



6C2 



ITNG 



Unfinished, ;^_^ mf-shenjr: 
an nnfinished game, Z^jj^ 
^ pnt slicng knnk. 

Unfit, ^^ 'ni-bop, ^^ 
'm-clienk; nnfit for your 
service, ^ ^^ 't'im 
pi ; nnfit for Iniman 
food, Jf.^ \^ 'pat 
liop yan sliik. 

Unflinching, ^ -^ |{g \ud 



he's most unfortunate, j^ 

sA/a' hAcolo tau maau. 
Unfounded, ^. ;fg M ;?|i 
mo-haii-mo- pi/o/i, %^i *^ 
uen 7<</?^////, j^ ' 



•s-e 



*'Aa' Bze ; nt) founded as- 



sertions, 
fi/c dii ts'ze 



z% 



mo 



/('•«»' shi(itk\ unflinching | Unfriendly, "^|]|' 4'm mong 
integrity, ^ M ^ ^i ts'cng, jg g V^'^''^ rauuk. 
/'//' niin mo szc , j ^^ /^'^ ''.V'l"; unfriendly 



'i:nf.>ld, 



kaai-hoi, 



treatment. 



• 7 



pok toi . 



y/'/ cJiin. 
I'n foreseen, '^ ^j^ij- //rt/diu , 
^ :^ Si) liu^-'.n-AA \^ 



0t *^ngau-in; unforeseen 



JtW 



p^ ''('/lin-Iioi, ^^ )>]tuf\ i^ : Ungenerous, /]> :§§: ^xiu-hi , 

Ungovernable, ^ij Zf^ '\^. 
chat -jiai-fnk, rhai -'m-tak, 
(///., a wild horse without a 
bridle), i^- M fe M '^e 
^ma mo licuwj^ ^^ /^> 
\faan maan. 
Ungrateful, ;;g; ,g mong- 

.v^'". Jl ili> f"<'' •"""^ JQL 

(Z^//) foo', ^f| '[!^ ts'aak 
.SY'/?^ , (///., having got the 
fish he forgets the trap) 



judgements from Heaven, 

^ i^ if IS ^'-' ^■^'"' 

waang woh . 
Unforgiving, ^ Pj^ ^ 

r//ffa7i^-taani -/// . 
Unfortunate, |HE ^ Sno- 

V.v'o/, ^ ^ pok meng\ 

^ 35 Mt ^'^"' ^^"^' ''^'*^'' 
bow unfortunate you are, 



uxj[ 603 uxr 

inon- ts'oen; an ungrateful — if:,^ 3*^^ y,,/ \,/i,„J, 
man is 1.0 better than a 7,,,,,/.^ n.ak.. lu.iform, ^S? 
wild beast, -^ ^i^^ //:»-,• ^'^ 



rAj ^M/v ^ t/j:, ^ ^ J .^ uniform row, 2S. -Wb 

/X'Oi 1 k-iiin v/<«// c/ti Vo. > ' ^•* 

Unhappy, M fg ^0/..,^; ^''^''^ ^'"'^' ' ;"'''^^"-^ ""'- 

nnhnppy luatcl), ^ |^ '^^^"^' i^ ^K ^"■''" '■""'^: 

/''/'' ngau; anxionrana " soldiers uniform, g&^||v 

wong wong ue 'ya. ^ n;formity, (gj ^ fuu.ig 

rnbc-altby, ':f^^m-'shon>j. •''""""' l^j^ '^"^^"".i.' *^'"'- 

Unicorn, gjt k'i, -^ ^ S"— ^^'^''1^ /A"'- 



baai' chaai', ^ ^ huaP ^^"itorraly, — ^ yal luut. 

rhaai', tbe female unicorn, ^ "'^'''' ® fi "^ ^ '•^^«* 

gl hum; the unicorn i. "''• ^^'^ ^•^''^• 

here (incrijition on bridal ^'"'"^P^ired' ^ ^ ^ fl^ 

chairs), K m lS Itt I^'i "''' '^''"' ^''''^ ^'• 

hum tsoi^ ^/.-.; may the ^'"^Po^tant. ^^g Sno- 

unicorn's hoof bring you ^'"'■''"'' ^^ M f ™^- 

hick (Z.^., wish vou manv ^eviig-ltohn-. on unimpor- 

«0"0' K K M # •""" • ^"" '^"''■' ^ ® ^ " 



V/,/ ch'eng ts'eung. ' "^^ ^^'^^ ''''" -^^^' • 

Uniform, ^g ^ _^ ;^ Unimproml, %^^ mi^ 

Vwing-to-ijat-\mi\g\ lEI ^''"" lenng. 

^ t'uung-s////', (dress) ^ Unin formed, ^IF. ^ nio chi. 

'il I'o'-/, ^ — . waak tjat, ^ ^ S >"•' hok kivoh\ 

70i — 't'lning ijat, |ijj Uninliabitable, ^pf^^ 

— • shuun'ya/; all uniform, imt ^Iwh Icuo chue'. 



UXI 



6G4 



UNI 



t) ninbabitt'cl, fjtt ^^^ ^ i^io 
yaii htip\ an niiiii habited 

mo yan /-/^^ cliiu- rhi ti . 
rniiiitiated, ^ ^ ^ jlJ5 

mi miuinf!^ /^r^^//// /*'. 
Uninjured, ^^-^fl^ mi 

shau hoi //. 
Vniustrncted,'^-^^^/ in f hinii . 
Unintelligible, ^([^ 1^ naan 

ineng. 
Unintended, ^ ^ mi 

seitiKj. 
Un intentional, ^^ j^ ^j // 

/ioo' /', M. ^ mo ?\ M. 

>|^\ mo s<<>». 
Unintentionally, |fflE ^^ IF[1 

mo-i -chmwg. 
Uninterrupted, ^^MtiS^S 

\di\\-\m-pal- t'uen: nnintcr- 

lupted intercourse, ^^ 1^ 

3>>^K Svong loi //^/;! tnen' 
T/ninterruptedly, ^.J |.J ;;p 
lok yik pat tueu , 



5(!^ /.s/'/y ^(■htnnii/. 




Union, '^ "^ 


l;op-o(>i , 


(liea:t and soul) 


I^ 'Cl^ 


K5 :fl ^'"^'"-- 


.' 11 III -hip - 



lik, (sexual) ^ ^^ kaan- 
lau ; union is strength, 
(///., wlien the lips are lost, 
the teeth get cold\>^T*T 
M'J^^ shuuu mong tmk 
cltH holui: union of the 
soul with the body, S^ff 

hop; union formed by 
heaven, ^f^^'A* ^'"^ 
isok c/ti hop; to live in 
l^erfect union, Iq] ^ ^fP 
g^ t'uung hir woh muuk; 
the American Union, ^^|^| 
^ Sui rAc/?/ hop 



chuuii(j hirok . 
Unionist, ^^f^P^ }'"P hong 

ZV; non-unionist, ^ ^ 

^ mo yup hong. 
Uni(|ue, iS^ ^$ mo i^heung, 

^ ^ loan tuuk, ^ ^ 

6Y/?i k'i. 
Unison, [j^ ^ fuung-yj/w 

5fn '^ "Oh hop, i^ig, 

tmung maai; the peacock 
and pha'uix sing in unison 



T'XI 



GG5 



ux.r 



(said of n Imppy marringe), 

woli ineiit,'. 

Unit, — . >/af, H. ^ Am^? 
wai\ :^ — • tiuik tjaf, ^ 
:|[^ A/^/// tuulc. 

Unitarian, ^ |)]3 — ■ fiJt. 
•^ ^ s?<n/< tuuk ija/ 
Will slieunt? /ai ^cV/^. 

Unite, ^ ^ hop-maai, 5^ 
j^ liu-niaai, -^ '^ ooi' 
hop, ^ [gj 01 'i' fining; 
to unite together, ^^1^ ^ 
^tsuung kuun;^ ; nniteil in 

death, |ij|§— 5S ^'^^""« 
kwai ijdt lu'; nniie in inar- 

riagf^, iE'o* /''"'^*' ^'^'P' SH 
iS p'oo'i^ ugau; to Unite 

iu partnership, ^ )^ hop 

fuuk; to unite for one 

purpose, '^i^ l^'P ^^"i^- 

United States, -^ ^ ^ 

Hop-r/i?/?//?^ -A'/ro/i , ^)^ 

HF((-k'[-Iciroh , ^ I^ 
'Ali-Zr/ro/c . 
Unity, — ///^r/, J^jg — 
shimn -)/iit. 



Univalve, (shclllish) '^f ^ 
p'aang waat. 

Universal, ^j " j§ ^j>'o-ii'in, 
([)eace) ^fc^ /-w/i'-p'ong; 
the universal deluge (of 
Yao), *21^ 7]C luuuig Wim'; 
universal learning, \^ ^ 
chuon liok; universal re- 
putation, fi^^ /'''/i' raun; 
universal love, ^^ g' V'^ 
0/^: universal ruin, ^ ^ 

Universally, ^^ 7''^; ^mi^er- 
sally bestowed, ^^ jfg V''' 
,s///; universally hated, "Q 

Universe, ^ *^ Sic-chan', 
^p5 'uc-noi", 5^i^|| 

^ /'//i-ti'-maan'-mat. 

University, -j^ ^ ^ tf^^'i' 

hok Iraaii\ 
Unjust, >p^^ 'm-Jciiimg- 

I to^ "^li; unjust aspersions, 
I ^ ^ ch'um^ in; unjust 



laws. 



hunk /'"'''^ 



UNK 



G66 



UNL 



you are veiy unjust. -^ 

/W/? 'ni /:«J//?<7 to\ 
Tr justifiable, ^ j^^ ^ ^ 

pat nang V« i'; >j> f^ 

^SS -^& yw/ uauu' cW-ong P. I 
Unjustified, ^ ^ ^ ^ , 

ini^ 7://i^ jnu \\ ^ 

Unjustly, ]^ ^ yw/ i\ ^ 

■^-^^ j/'c// / k I' ling to\ ! 
rnkind, ^XM ''"<-P"i- I 

ts'ing, ]^ ^ y^rt/ shin , 

^ tH F''' }•'"'. ^» ok'; ! 
unkind to me, ^^ ^ ]^ 
■ ^ toi Sigoli pat van; an 
unkind luisb.ind, (///., the 
liesotted prince Chow Sin.j i 
•^^ fun ktnin. I 

rnkindly, M^'|''g i-no oi" , 
ts'eng-, ^ ^ hue kuf, to i 
treat one unkindly. ^^ :^i , 
pok toi . ' 

Unknown, ^ ^ 'ni r///: lie 
is unknown to me, ^P^ 
l^tS 'ngolj -m ^hik '^tuc: 
unknown to fame, ^ ;g 



^^ mo meng sheng; not 
unknown, ^^^^ // /;3^ 

Unlace, ^ iS^ /.rwi /rw/'-. 

^ 151 Vr.../; sheng. 
Unlade, ^ ;^ Vu' M' [f| 

Unlamentcd, ^ 'j^ ^ j'f'f 

^vai ^/, 7f^ S 5? nW ^^^'^ 
wai Jmvk ii. 
Unlawfnl, y(:, ^ ^ ',u- 

hoi>faai\ ;? -g^ CT P6§ 
'm hop^ [ai" tL ^|l 
^ P65 faan' lai' U; 
for an unlawful purpose, 

Lang faan^ lai^ Zy'' sze\ 
Unleash, ^ fong'; unleash 

the dog8, j^f^^ fong' lip. 
Unless, ^ Pg- -^ yeuk-'m- 

^ Bheung'' //'; unless you 
wrote wrongly, ^^ ^|i ^ 
^mok./7 ^s^' AsW/'; unless 
you study, ^ f$ P§ -^ 
yeuk ni 'm hok. 



UXL 



r.o 



)t 



UXL 



Unlicensed, ^ ^ij ft M 
niP lontr r/ii//) chia^x un- 
licensed launclies, ;^ yj^ 

]faai Av'* /'/A sluicn tsai; 
unlicensed rickslia, ^f j|^ 
;^ ^ fj- nio /''«r/t ke^ 
rh'e fsai; iin unlicensed 
pn\vnsl)(i]\ >f^;t^ ^zc ((nt\ 
rnlike, yfv'^ 'm- ts'ze, ]^ 
^ iKit ^tang, ^ — • imt 
y(^U ^ ^ J'f'-i t'uung; 
very unlike, ^ ^ ucn 
tsuet, -^ ^ [sj taai^ pat 
funnf^; quite unlike, y?\ 
^^ jw^ ts'ze fArt>?. 

UnlikeV, I(ija$E^ "^'-^^i 
i chuiiJc^ mok; very un- 
likely, tt ^ 'IH slium^ 
/w/ ts'ze. 

Unlimited, ^-^^ Sno-haan', 
M ;^ mo ^/vn^, ^ t^ 
maan"* in, ^fiffi^ mo nc;ai\ 
te(^ mo t^ai^; may you 
obtain unlimited dominion, 

# » m ^ V' 'i Vsm 



Unload, [Jj jj rh'i;Ht-fo/i\ 

Afo/ ; forbid unloading, 

iN* f}& ^"""^ /-s'ong; to 
bcirin to unl'tad, BB ^1^ 
/ir^t ts^ong; to unload (un- 
burden) the mind, ^^ i|^> 

Unloose, gf ^ 'kaai-M, ^ 

Unlucky, |)^ hiamg, ^ jf?- 
^ ''m-V..-V.'.>/, ^ ijg 
Icoi ooi, -^ ^ V" wun , 

^ ^ '^^* •"'■^''"5 unlucky 
days, (the 3rd day of the Isb 
month is a particularly 
unlucky day for beirinning: 
anything), :^%P <-h'rh^ 
ha a yat; to foretell lucky 
01 unlucky seasons, j^^ 
chim llau^ have you been 
so unlucky as to meet 
the god of cranes ? -^"^ i^ 

SI W I^ '^'^ chong' hok 
shan y»^; lucky and unlucky. 
± ^ hit huuhg, |I Q 
huung paak; l)een uiducky 
from the first of the month. 



UXM 



668 



UXL 



H<ll — ib i& ^'^^'^^^ y^'^ ' 

7ia»g naiKj; unluckj early 
ill the day, ^gg|^ 'tso 
juniij iiang: more unlucky ' 
than stealing a cat, ;^;^ 

jiiadH; how unlucky you I 

:'i-e, f5^ (ry- ^ 'iii /^ow' i 
.slud: an unlucky clay, ^|^' 
7|^ ch'fai ^tiiii; an unlucky 

omen, V^ffM^ ^''^ '^'^ 
t'au shai ; when a nation or 

a family are about to ; 

perish, thcTC arc sure to jje 

unlucky omens. 3§^|^ 

tsev.ng niong, j>?/ *^yau iu I 
it. : 

TTnluckily, ^ ^|| ^ on a 



-hr ^ ^ 'm-hai -taai 
cheuno'-/)/^/, /J> ^ ^j^ 
^"<tz<-yan-/6'o/. 
Unmannerly, ^/{j^ mo *^lai; 
rude and unmannerly, ^. 
y_^ mong long' : why arc 
you so unmannerlv, "t^iffji' 



)nat Icom hni k'au. 



Unmarried, ^ ^ ^ mo 

::^IS mi' ./.»/., ^>t^ 
mi '■foi 7'V-/;// ; she is un- 
married. fg^j^JlK ^^^'"^ 
mi toi j;/<;?^ ; to remain 
unmarried, ^ '^J ^)^han 
tsit ; an unmarried man, 
^ ^^ ^- mi t.rm ''the-, 
an unmarried woman, ^^ 
f^^ mi' Zv/^ Va.; f^ 
^ hra! Sine, /^ 3^ 



r/t'?<ft Suie. 



meng . 



Unmanageable, ^^p]'^ 
mo /r/fl^ Vfo/i chi', ||||^ 
naan liu', ^P§'^ '^koon 
'm chue . 

Unmanly, ff -j^ ^ ^ 
//-taai cheung -foo, pS. 



Unmeaning, fe ^ E9 m.o 

~' in\ <SS» ^tirfk 

■I sze , /jXppJ Inning ts'ze; 

altogether unmeaning, ^^ 

JL^ W ffl moot .sr- i sz(\ 

Uumerciful, j^ ^^ ts'aan- 

//f/?i, ^ ^ >^^> mo /s'5^ 



S7iin. 



UNX 



CG9 



uxo 



Unmerited, yj>^" ^ V't- 

hoi si.au', ::y;^ .^ qj^ 

;w/ Icuiniff i' /». 
I'mnitigateJ ] 

ruinixcd ^ '^Jiil'^^"""'- 
Fninodified ) 

*ti', ^,|£^^ >^linuii .w/^\ 
I'nmeLhodiciil, ^l^ff/^ ^"'"^ 

^kim ^(ini. 
Unmindful of, ^ ^ Aoo 

f 00 . 
Unnatural, ^ ^[^ yik-s^w/, 

^ '^ 'fcayi-shcnng, Z^ 

^j» .N7iaan/7 ns^'oi', '|!^ ^ 

5r'?/<jr' o/c', ^fl^ yil^ luun. 
T'nnecessary, y^'*'^ '"i- ■"^^m', 

^'0&<ft^'l9 'ra-S//r//-yik- 

M-, ;^-;^* /^('f-jnt, ;^^_g 

;?«/ sw^, ^^ ''" yuung . 
Unobjectionable, /^^^g^ pnt 



ngoi' 



Unnoticed ~) 
Unobserved | " 

^fai-'m-chUiitt. 
l^noccupied, ^ i 

unoccupied liouse, ^ ^ 



^ liu lok, 
man; an 



v////:; unoccu[tied land, ^ 
i:\Jj huunii ti ; tliis lionsu 
is unoccupied, ^ ||j] ^ 
^>^^i: '" h"ct)i vuk mo 
van clme : 1 am at present 
unoccupied, fg JIJ n$ ^ 
1^ ngoh in slii /(^//r liaan. 
Unoffendiiiir, ^ ^ fl^ i"'* 
hoi^ //, ^ ^ mo hoi', 

U fi/T fi W '"^ '-^^^'^^ 

.s;i..n^ hoi'; #1111 J$ 
A mo /r//; tsne"* ve yan. 
Unofiicial, ^ j^ij ix\\m-haan, 
Tfo Mt "§ ^^ 'm shunk 

/r^«n //, :;^ E nr Kti3^ 

'm sluiuk koon chik ti; au 
unofficial communication, 

^ ;B W ^ ^'"^ Shi' 

^■o«n mun; au unofficial 
person, ^ ~J" p.aak teiuj; 
the government of sages 
is an unofficial rule. ^^ 

van rhi clu'vg jw^ 
i chi . 
Unopened, pt pg mi Ao/, 

^ tt ® "i'' ^^''^^-'^^ 



uxr 



G70 



UNP 



ku-oh ; an unopened letter, 

smm 
Unop'posed, ^ j^ mo tile, 

fe£;|y^:fg mo ton;/' \'WQ, 
Unorthodox, ^ ^ tsoh 

io\ ^ ts'e. 
rnostentatious, "^ ^ ^ 

Unjiaid, ^ ^ p^vj mP ^'A/ 

1^ iM "^^ Tvann; unpaid 
creditors, ^^^^Z 
-^ ^ mi' AsV;/^ /^7W/< 
'/icm/'' /.v r/^w//' ^chi/r': an 

unpaid balance, Hit ^- ^ 
^^ sho Sni mi' ts'eiu); tlie 
taxes are still niij)aid, ^^ 

mi km J kaau: unpaid 
]inrcliase money, ^^■^ 
mi kmg kaau ka 



ngan. 
Ujiparalleled, M Y\^ llj^ mo 
V* 1i, i& "^ Ofid mo 

xheung ti. 



Unpardonable, :^^f|^ 
\ 'm-she-tak-hd, j^^i^Jf^ 
^^ ^s7i»/ sai pat ts'cng; 
your offence is unpardon- 

"Wo, i% z. mx^'nm 

^ni /.e' tsne j^a^ '^hoh she ■ 
j Unparliamentary, "^ '^ ^| 

I^ ^ njl9 /^«^ liop 'i 'uen 

lai ^^ 
Unpatriotic, "^^ ^p ^ ;J^ 

2>ai ue i sze^ 7^ ^ ^ 

]>at 1)0 haap. 
Unperctived, ^^ mi' kin , 

* ft ."■ "'. * ^ 

mi (hi, 
Unpi tying", '^ ^ /"u/ tin. 
Unpleasant, ^ /^ 'j^ 'm- 

hop-ts'eng; an unpleasant 

errand, ^ ^k '^foo cJt^aai; 

an unpleasant taste, "^^^ 

^2 B^ V^'^ ^"li ^'''' i"i'; 
an unpleasant smell, ^-^ 

ft/i;'' r/iV/ii! ; unpleasant news, 
'X- J# fS .9. ^'^'^ ts'cnng 



UNP 



071 



UXO 



Uiipolishe.l, J^ ^ ^ P^ Unpretentious, 
'm hmmg waijt ti\ lie is j 



.sy 



rough iiiid nrnxilishetl, fH „ . . , , a^^>vu ^t r 



'oL 



1110- 



/««/ niuii ^nga /;<* . 

rupoiiutcd "X^ vA* /'j z'^'^- 

chiiii-oo. 
rnpopnlar, ^^^ f§ A '\j.^ 

/^/^ jan /»/, >fi^K;0 

;w# /rt/j mun Stan. 
Unprecedented, ^ ^ iT£ 

ts'unui;-loi- mo. 
Unprejudiced, ^ '[g 'mo- 

/''"» ffi[ .'O '^'"' ^'■"''^ M 
^^ mo 5re ^7// , 

Unprepared. M Vp ^ 'mo- 
"'■huun-i)\\ ^ IJJ- -JIJ mi' 
foi'.g pi ; UM|)roiiared 
against famine, :^|55f ^ 
mi fon.c: /a; to attack erne 
unprepared, 5^ ^ ;;f; ^ 
A'?/w;^ k'i y/a/ pi^; un- 
prepared for death, ^jjm 
^ ^Hit pi^ ^vr^. to be 
on the point of deatli and 



mo shi // ke' sum, MW 
/^^ mo leung .s<////, ^^^ 
mo to^ unprincipled men, 

iiriuciplcd husband, ^>jE 

^j'lni Lf cheung foo. 

: Unprivileged, ^ ^ f^^ ^\. 
^ ^^ mi heuni) hualc 

I ngoi kf yan. 

I Unproductive, ^-jflj^ mo 

li' ////% ;^ qJ; ^ 065 ''» 

sheng ^sluu //, ;p J^ ^ 
•m lilt ki'.'vh, ^ /i?^p. 

I Unprolitalde, ^^ '^mo-i/ik; 
improfitable employment, 

"^ A M.^MM rao 

\ yup sik ke sze ip: unpro- 
fitable study, ^fe^^ 
^^ hok mo yik shue mun. 



unprepared, gg ^j^ jTjj Unpiogressive, ^ ]^ ^^g Mii 
i^t^'flS lum W- i mi' pi\ ts'in /.s<<i</*\ 



UNP 



G72 



UNU 



rnproinising-, ^ p]* ^ mo 

Vw/i uiong ; unproniisiiij;- 

prospects, Z^^jffytffx '^" 
ko hrong keng. 

I^iipropitior.s, ^il^^*^ ^VIln' 
l>at luiai, -^j j^ to Willi ; 
propitious or laipropitious 
situation (o;eomantic pros- 
pects), ^-jjj ^ ti \^•llll^ 

T^nprovided, M mo, ^ Pg^ 

'"i Vt^"i :^ iffS "^^' P^' 
unpiovided with money, 

M ^ Sno ngaii. 

I'nprovoked, ;7|^^ mi^ yc^ 
unprovoked disturbance, 

Ti*a^ai& p'^"^^ ti' 

lU t'tiunci 2^oh. 

Unravel, ^tfljg (7i«// yik: to 
unravel a ditficuUy, f^^ 
kacn naaii . 

Unreal, ^ ^ put sliat; an 
unreal apparition. ^ ^"J 
7i?/e waan ; unreal as a 
dream, an apparition, a 
1)nlible, or a shadow, ^ 

Sp # :^1 rS U ^f ^ "« 

iinuin<;' waan iraitu ijnxg. 



Unreasonable, Mj'f^J^ Sno- 
ts'cng 'li, %^^ 'Hi 

hop ^li, ;:^>Affl ''" y"P 

'li, ^^^-^ Vi^Muaan/as 

^ $ fl iw/ finx tso' 

paak. 
Unreasonableness. ■i^H ^ 

waang yik. 
Unreconciled, :^ 7i5 ^ iii'' 

I Unrelentino-, M fl]" 'f^ Sno- 
! Vio/i-lin. 

Unreliable, M|§ mo (Sno) 

i c . 
i .r^- 

I Unremitting. ^ ^ pat-hii^. 
I T^nrepenting, ]^ >|'^ g^ 'in 

rhi hoi foot. . 
Unrepining, Tf ^ f& V«i- 

Unrequited, ;^ ;^ ^ mi' 
sliau^ i^hciing: unrequited 
favour, ^$B;2,@, mi' 
//r/ clii }jiin. 

Unreserved, [^Q chek-paak^ 
iJi ^ '/v^'//?-i. 



rxR 



07;] 



rxs 



mo- 



Unreservedly, ^ K^ mo 
liaaii', ^ ts'ueii, |J[ Q 
cbek paak; speak unreser- 
vedly. ^ ;^ to' kek. 

Unrestraiiietl i 

rnrestricted I ' ^"^l 

1"^='"'' fSf^ ^•^"""^' ^''''^ 

I'nrighuoii?, 3^ ^§ y^/M . 
Unrip, ;|^ rJr<f"I''\ unrip 

garraeuts, ^^^ rZ/vr,//.; 

i slieung. 
Unripe, ;^,^ nii -sluiuk, /|r 

un k'np slii: unriiie fruit, 

aV ''/cici/h: this fruit is 
unripe, ^/^ Pfi^ |^ ^ »' 

Unriralled, ^^Ai:tf#± 
luo van ^n fj-J; .^-iieun:^'', 
M^ mo ////'. Mjrl; mo 

Unroll, j^ ^ '^chinhci, ;^ 
Unroof, :H^ ^ "^ ch'aak^ ! 



I Unruffled, ^ tsen-', ^gj 
"hn t.seug\ ^^ yw^ 
tuniig'; mind unnitiied, i[^\ 
H^ f<uin tseng\ j[^> 2pl 
s/^;« p'eug: rpiite unruffled, 

Jiu yW^ /fl;^-. 
Unruly, ^p^v^ j'af-'.oJuni- 

^ waang yik: unruly 
passions, :|f ^ >|!^ fg 
waaug yik -"ong ts'eiig; an 

unruly cbiKl. -^^:t.m, 
fong tong chi t'uang. 

Unsafe, y^f^- 'ni imn, ^^ 
V<////. ]^ ^- ^* "m ('A;i 
to'.ig ; there is S'inietliiug 
unsafe, ^^ ^ ^f^i V^" 
sze 'm ^V'ln: rather inisafe, 
pg- ^ ^ 'm A//i '/rrt//. 

Unsatisfactory, ~^ ^ ^^ 
'm-ue-/ , (///., neither sailed 

nor fresh) tfPgfi^PgJjfe 
tso tal: 'm haani "m '^faam; 

unsatisfactory response, pfi- 

§P§^ 'lu til I I? -m sua I?; 



UNS 



671 



UXS 



is a mosfc misatisfnctory 

matter, ^ ^ M ^l "S 
^. hai Sigaaii Sni fin Ice 
sze\ 

Unsavonrv, ^ ri^ ino mi , 
S tciani' pok. ^ 5^ (;/i' 



nil 



Unsny, Jg P 'fnaa-'hav, JX 
^ H^ yrt^?n-r//?//'7i -\va . 

Unscriptimil, i:^^ '^ ^ ft 
'm bop shcr.g^ kciig. 

Unscrupulous, ^ :|:^ ^^ 'm 
/i-?ra Ine , ^ /J ./('n^' //?/. 

Vnseril, j|^ ^ij* '^h'ai faung, 
^jf ^ ^''^■'''«'t- fining; to 
unseal a letter, jB^'f^ V;:^^'''^/ 
.s-?a<n ; to unseal wine-jars, 
i.e., to drink, j^ ^^ tit* 
fuwuj. 

Unseasonable, ]^^I]^ 'ai- 
cbeuk-sbi, ^J^ /'«/ sban, 

come at an unseasonable 
l.our, 7(^^^^[(n^ 'm 
ho]i sbi i loi; unseasonable 
weatber, 7{^^^^Z% 



^ 'm bop sbi he Pin lii^y 

^B#;?^' t'iii sbi 'faan 

sbeung'. 
Unseat, j^ -^ cb'ue wai . 
Unseawortb y, '^> ^ ^ lQ^ 

zJk y^ ^^ '"^ ^^"^p '^^''''^'* 

\vong taai yeung ti. 
UnsecondeJ, ^^ 'm cbob'. 
Unseemly, i^'o*^ 'm-bop- 

^■'-^■~^''» IS ''■/^'^'", ^ ^ 
ic 'i"-'»'p 'Z^M 

'in '//^> cbeuk, ;;^ 1^ g 

^w/ net muuk'. 

Uuseltisb, M ^_i il^> Sno- 
szc-suni, ^ rJiuung: an 
unseltisb minister, ^ ^ 
ihunng sban; unseltisb toil, 
^J^» bauu^ lo. 

Unserviceable, y?>"pj")^ V^^ 
uang- yuung', iS& ^ mo 

Unsettle. ^-Wi '^^-''"^■'"o'^;^ 
^ mi teny^ ^ff. fj^ fau 
cli'uni; a case remaining 
unsettled, ^^ ol"^^ wen; 
unsettled and vague ideas, 
WM^^ tong' yeung' 



UNS 675 rXS 

rhi Icin^; an uiisettled luiiul, I'nsighlly, ^^ ^^^ niaan'- 
SL'll^ liicn' f<ii>n; nnsettlecl V//V^^ >f; ^ [J^, Mn-V/^/- 
\veatlier, P§^T^ '"i *^/'" ^' 



I'di. 



t'in. 



l iislmded, M |)^ mo ?/'"", ^ ^ i^f^yT 

^j uR) //?/>// rhr cliiiL-'. rnskillcd, Pgj^^' 'in /ifraa)i\ 

rnsliadowcd, ffi^' ino wan. ^ r////'?'. 

rnsliaken, :;f; j/j 'm tnung', Unsociable, M^^ 'mo- 

unshaken in mind, i|\ ^* ._ju. .j_. ,, /•, 

;../ i: unshaken fuL-hty ,{|t 1^""^' ^^ p ^ iff i'^'^ 



'' ffi # ^ >S 'Ci^ "^° Unsocial, :^; ^^' :^50 ^ 'ni 

/'//;' /r^'^ rJiHwig sum. ho sciing hami, ]^i^^ 

I'nshaven, ^^^ijjg mi' ^V^'"' :g.',n V// Zyw// A^///\ 

fan; an unshaven lout, ^ Unsoiled. ^^yT^" "''' ^''»» 

gg^ ofl fan ch'nung. oo, ^^i'y^ nil' r////>/ oo. 

rnslieatbo, ^'^ \y,\t ch'uiff: Unsold, ^^ mi' mnai". 

to unsheathe Llie swurd, ^ Unsoldierlike. ^^j^ ^ .Ec J- 



pat Zvw . 'ni liop jHug sze 

I'nsheltered, ^ j^ -j].j^ mo Unsolicited, ^ji;- >J^ mi k'an 

che pal'. ^ 53 mi' nuiu\ ^ |g 

Unship, ^^MSa ^ ""' '^•^''"^• 

van siiuen V</ /'(///'' ioi; to Unsolicitions, ]^^* yv// hie, 

unship the rudder, ,^^^ -^ i® "^ -"^rhng, ^ 
ll'f; 'Ayw/; V^' Vry//. I ]P /'r'/ ^l.um' uen'. 



T'XS 



070 



uxs 



L^nsolved, ^^ nu '^kaai. 
rnsopliisticated, ~^ jfg X-^ 
'■m-ktc(iai-'^]taau. 

Unsound, ^^^ 'm Icin- 
shat; of unsound mind, 

^ii> tt S iL '""^ ^■^•»/ 

k'wong lueii ; unsound 
doctrines, ]^ Ub ;^ :S 
Mil chcng he %; of unsound 

liealth, ^^^jif- shan 
^tsza 'ni 7/0; unsound 
constitution, ^-^^^^ju 
shan ^tsze jiiit rJiong 



Kin 



Unsparing, ]^ ^* |^ 'in 
0* ts'eng, ]!x^^ 'in liuin . 

Unspeakable, ^ ^^ ^^ ^ 
iii-;j«.'-nang-tsuun , ^ "pf 
nJt vat ^holi shvet^, fjfc^ 
^'^ shucP 'm A//", A 13 
"pT ^ mo ts'ze V/cA in; 
the unspeakalile goodness 
of^God, ±J%^Z^U 



chi shin niu in Vir^A taat \ 
'che. I 



Unspecified, ^ ^ — ^ ^£ 
mi^ cliuiik ijdt ''liong, ^^ 

^ — ■ PI r'^i' chunk ijat 
hoi. 

Unspent, ^^ m\ fai\ ^ 
ffl mi' .yuung', ^ ^ 
mi tsnun . 

Unspilt, :^{t^"jg mi' h'emf 

■'■'''' ^ ;5fe ffl mi' 1«" 

ch'HUf; unspilt blood, ^ 

iMt^jflLmi'lau/;:.^ Ae^^/\ 
Unspiritual, ^^ ]f, |]l$ ^ 

pat lue shan sze'. 
Unspoken, ^ |S_M '^^i' 

sAi^e?;' /"/rf, ^^ lui' in. 
Unspotted I ^^ „^ . 
U„stah,ed i' ' iftlfiiE '"">- 

ha-/^':y', ^^i^"^ shunn f<hik, 

SIM ^-''"^ '^''"^"^' ^Jfi 
1110 ///// ; an unspotted 

maid, ^ -^ cheng nue. 
Sine; an unspotted mind, 

It ^ :2: 'il> s''""'^ ^^'^^ 

/■■f i7i';y;, unspotted purity 
{lit., a flawless gem), ^^ 
3^^J^ Sni vuuk mo ha. 



UNS 



077 



UNS 



UriBtable, yj> ^ @ 'm Jdn 
^'^o'' ^-^ #; *m '»" '"""'^ 



, J , 11/ . fe3-^ I ■ J 



1110 kan 'k'cuiig, ^;^^i|; 
'k'i jmI ^/ruii; uiisttible and 
vicious, y^ ^ yam ta'c. 
Unstamped, ;^ |^ fP ini' 
/£'«/^ y«//\ :^ ^ f fj mi' 
toi' yan\ ^ )^ fp mi' 

mi ''ta yan ; unstamped 
{i.e.. unregistered) deeds, 
Q 1^ paak A;V^/'. 
Unsteady, M ^ [w] 'mo- 
teno; • /leioi (J , Jf^ t^ 'm- 
^/'•U7i, ^^^^Q^ ngaau 
iigaau ///u' ti, M4^ ^|g 
mo i)ang' nang', ^ ^ 

^/-rt»J: ratlier unsteady. pH- 

unsteady wind, ^f^ ts'e 

fuwi/j. 
Unstinted, ^ j$^ nio haan', 

^W i^" lenng. 
Unsubdued, ;^^^ mi fuuk, 

^1^ mi' hong. 



Unsubmissive, y?^ ^^ 'm 
fuuk, ^)|[f(^ 'm shuun' 
ts'uang. 

Unsubstantial, ]^ W 'm 
shat; shadowy and unsub- 
stantial, ^^f ^.M^ V^" 
V»i7 mo yeng. 

Unsuccessful, i^yf^J^ ^fs'ue 
■pat Sheung, -^ j;pj '^hom 

: Unsuitable, ^^y^ 'm-chcuk, 

I A ^ i'^^ y"P '^'^^^•'^'' ^ 
H^ j/w/ ////J.//: utterly un- 

j suitable, ^ ]^> :J5 Jt 
sham^ ^w^ sicinig i. 

' Unsullied, ^^jqg mi' 'im 
kwoh ; a family of un- 
sullied reputation, ^ -W^ 
•^ j^ Z-a .s7/ai' AsV'n^<7 i)aak, 

! ^ M M Q ^''' /""'»^ 
/sV/?// paak; to retire from 

I office witii unsullied hands, 

k00)l. 

Unsurpassed, 5lf '^ 
mi -^yau-shcny -k/roh^ 



UNT 



678 



UNT 



Unsuspected, !^^ 'p^-t i. 

Unswerving, ~^ ^> ^ 'm 
pin tuung , unswei-viiig 
fidelity to duty, ^)li>;^ 
^^^ 7r</t .sj;;« chining 



ue paan sze . 



Untainted, ^ ^ ^^ mi' 
^im 00; untainted virtue, 

ffi ii ^^'^''^9 tah ^^ ^ 

shuuu tah, rf^ ^ chviuj 

tah. 
Untalented, ^ ^1$ ^ ^^^o 

^jwon sze , ^ 7J" mo ts'oi. 
Untaraeable, ^ i| ^ ©j 

j[?«i nang ^yeung ts'uun; 

untameable \Yi!d Ijeasts, 

^•ill^if 1/c F'^ ts'uun 
Ice ^ye sl/ni/^; they are un- 
tameable, ^ tg ^ ,||l| 
^yeuiig ''k'ue pat ts'uun. 

Un teachable, ^ § ^ 'm- 
shau -/iar«^ . 

Untempered. ^ ^ -^ \m 
Ic'tn ^slnii. 

Untenable, [^f^f^^ i-Y^/ 
nang ^2'^ shcm. 



Untenanted, /^ hming; an 

untenanted house, ^ ^ 

Z:«/ mik. 
Unthankful, ]g; ^g mong- 

yan. 
Unthinking, ^ ^g^ ^;ftif szp, 

^/]>i|^\ 'm S/?< si!<;H. 
Unthrone, |^ ^ /«»' /:^r/</(, 

)g^ /«;' wai\ 
Untidy, 5lc ^ ^ 'm-ts'ai- 

^cheng, :^§^ /^?r^/ /'rw?. 
Untie, ;^^± V.r.«/^7/, ;^ 



g pnig suung; ti 
running knot is easy to 
untie, ^^^f^ shacmg 
lc\t 1 /"rtra. 

Until, ^^ chtW, pB^l 
^tang-to\ j^^ "^t'oi k'up; 
until now, ^-^ toi' /nnn, 
^ ^ r/// A'7^>/?, jg ^ 
ngat Inim; until death, ^ 
^^ chi sze. 

Untilled, ;^^fl|3 mi' kmg 
ti. 

Untimely :^ ^J ^ mi' /.' 
k'i, ^'^Bf 'm hop shi; 



UNT 



679 



UXU 



aau - 



an untimely death, ^ ^ 
^^ fi/ni nieiig iS'', ^ 
^ /// shan . 



Untiring, :^^ ki^ Jnp . 

Untoward ) jumv- 
Untrnctable i '^^ 

^keng. 
Untried, ^%j^ mi' s]u\ ^ 

shaang. 
Untroubled, M ii mo 

/c/ra lae^ ]^^ m Inen ; 

an untroubled mind, ^ 

^ ^ ^Ij* ?'•-'"& "''*'* '^^ 
suiii ^ i\jk tseng .s««y/. 

Untrue, >fkJ^ 'm-c/ian. 

Untrustworthy, ^ P "^ 

mo hail ^ch^i\ ^^ i|^ ^ 

^ja^ nang /r/aj . 



'P^ Siiong t'aam. 



'mong in, 1^ ^ 



Untruth I 

/■''///Z in; to speak untruth, 
Ifi:^ s;»/^y' 'fong. 
Untruthful, "^ ''ka; he is 
not entirely untruthful, 'f^ 



tauung 'ni /r?^//? V/rt?/ /r^ . 



Untutored, "tJc § J® nii' 
hok /c^/V'// . ^1^ ^^^t '^^^' 
munng hafni'. 

Untwist, ^ p^ ^Y/rt/ //o/, 
-^ fj^ ^"^^* /^'"; untwist 
the knob, l^^iH^diTl 
neng /r?^ JcoJi nup ^tmg. 

Unused, :^ )^ ® nu^ 

yuung' l:u'oh\ ^jv ffi ial 
mi ^shai hicoh ; long un- 
used, ;^ yf» ^ Vc^'» ^w' 
yuung\ 

Unusual ^ "j^ //-sheung, 
^f5//-tsnuk, 'gg .^Aw», 
^ ^ mo sheung; an 
unusual character, ^ 3|^ 
^ shaang ^igaan tsze ; 
that is a very unusual 
character, ^ ^W^ 
hoh tsze ^lio shiiiii; un- 
usual ability, ^ "^ k'i 
ts'oi, ^y^ i' ts'oi. 

Unusually, ^ ^|» fun' ngoi'; 
unusually beautiful, S 



i /s'o/; unusually rainy, 
^.'^ ue. 



UNW 



680 



UNW 



Unutterable, "^ g^ g§) pat 
iiang sJiuet^, ^ p]* "^ 
pat hoh in; unutterable 

joy, ^ ;^ P]" "§ ^^'» i^«^ 
Ary/i in ; unutterable misery 
'^pt'^ foo pat hoh 



in. 



.3 

mi 



hang sliin pat kueu ; un- 
wearied efforts, ^ ffn ;^ 

^^ lo i pat kuen^. 
Un weeded, ^ ^ ^ mi' 
wun AsV/, ;^ ^ P^ mi' 
ho fi; unweeded fields, ^^ 

Uuweighed, ^ ^ mi 

ch'eng^ ^Jg mi' tok, ^ 

^ mi' Ine'. 

Unwelcome, y?C !s^ ^ 'm- 

hi-tsip ; an unwelcome 

guest, ;pg:^;J^ 'm 

un- 



hi Jciii' ke' ZT/rc/i; : 



Unvanquished, ^ 

Unvaried, — -^M yat yeung . 
Unvariegated, ^^^ mo 

V«Vm' shik, — ■m yat shik. 
Unventilated, ^ j^ ^ mi' 

thiwuj hi . 
Unviolated, ^ ^ 3!^ mi | welcome news, ^ '|^ j^ 

hoi Z;7ro/i ; an unviolated 

engagement, i^"^;^!^ 

mi pool chi yevk . 
Unwarrantable, ^^^ ts^itn- 

fun . 
Unwearied, ^'^ "^mo-kuen , 



^ 3S 'mo-kooi', M 
M^ nio yik, unwearied 
study, (Jit., tied his head to 
a beam : Sun King, v. ,Saam 

Tsze Keng), U^^M t'^" 
uen leung; unwearied in 
doing good, tf#^^ 



^ ^ pat uet Ice' san 
mun. 
Unwell, ;y; g )3f5 'm-shau'- 
yuung',^P^[l6{||Ig^ P" 
ti 'm sho/ig; unwell for 
some days, \ ^ ^ nup 
/,:i' yat; slightly unwell, 

18 ^ Pi '<'P ^«P '^'' I 
feel unwell, ^ ^ J© $ 
)^ ngoh /^m' 'in shau 
yuung ; feeling a little 

unwell, :^^mZM 
^yau ^ts'oi san chi yaii. 



uxw 



681 



UP 



Unwholesome, 1^ j^ yaah^ 
uaai', :^ JIiL ^ ^ waai' 
huct' lu, ^ ^ hoi' shan^ 
^ tnuk; ail unwholesome 

locality, g^'^Mli ^»oi' 
s7wn /rr ti^: unwholtsome 

food, ^p.Z'k'^ P^^i' 
huet he shik mat; un- 
wholesome climate, i|(Q 5J^ 
2n chcuiig . 

Unwieldy, 1^ ^ *^ch'imng 
taai', H ^ n^§ iiaaii 'li 
^<. 

Unwillino;, y^ -^ 'm-'^h'tng, 
^ jg 'm-iieu\ :;^ 4? 
j^ 'm-rhuung-i , 

Unwise, iSc ^ mo r/;/\ ^ 
^^Q Mn meng paak, M 
^^ mo cJfeuk kin , S| 
^ lie rh'inni. 

Unwittingly. ^ ^ mo f///, 
did it unwittingly, M ^ 
ffn^ mo chi i wai; I ran 
against you unwittingly, 

'm kok p'-iiinig^ ts'dn ""ni. 
Unworthy, ^ ^^ pat-horn; 
I am unworthy of your 



excessire kindness, \t^ y^ 
t'o hiam ; nnwoithy of pity, 
^ ir^ "^ /w^ horn lin; 
make one's self unworthy. 
SJS^^IH tsze' %.• 7>fl^ 
lui^; unworthy of your ex- 
ceeding favour, \nj -^ t'> 
k/rong; unworthy of belief, 

^/£'f0 i'^^^ tsuuk sidin ; 

unworthy men, |ffi ^ ^ 
A^ mo kuuiig chi yan. 
Uuwrought, ^ ^j^^ff^ 

mi^ sheng yeng ^i, ;^ //r^/i;'; 

an un wrought gem, ;^]^ 

^^ ^^ mi /(?^/A;' ''//^ vuuk; 

a gem unwrought, ^ ^ 

]^ yuuk ])at teuk^, 3^^5 

;?'o/£ yuuk. 
Unyielding, ^{^ pf't hong, 

r/ii shan. 

Up, upon, ^^ _|;^ tsoi^ 

sheung', (to go) J^ 

shenng, (get) ^ V^./, 
(raise) J^ '^kuc; to sum up, 
^^ y^ '-tsvunq rhi: to 



wrap up, 'Q^^ jiciau tsiip; 
ups and downs of life, Vp^ 



UP 



682 



UP 



ne linui ''chuen; toke it np, 

trfeJ^I '^" '^* ''"; ^'"'^ 

it up, ^^5|5 ^^^'I'f'^t ^/i» 
loi; to en 1-1 up, R^^ l<at 
Jco; to sit lip (in bed) B0 

j^ MM '^'^^ ^'' ^''^'^' ^^^^ 
temper is np, >[^\ ^^ ^ 

•s'^^m /6i/i Blieng- ; even if 

you hang him up, you 

cannot get any ink out of 

liim (i.e., a liopeless dunce), 

flu rao t/Ic niak ''shin; 
grow up, -^^ ^ M 
''rheimg ts'ai mo yik; peace 
to all going up and down 
stairs, ± ^ ^ ^ 
^sheung lok p'eng oJin- 
hook it up, ■^ :^ P-^ 
jigau hi hxi; to go up the 
river, _|^ |f pj" 'shrtmg hoh; 
to look up, -JJ^ J^ ^veung 
shi'; to get up, ^^ ^ '^hi 
shcin; up to this day, 2^ 
'^ Q to hunt yat; the 
sun is up, Q Jtj yat 
hc'iaU; to rise up, ^ sheng; 



to eat up, -^ ^ shik 
tsuun', |^ll|^ gaak^ !<acn; 
his blood was up, f^^^ 

no^ lai; up to time, ^/A> 
gi-^ (•h('7ig hop shi hau; 
not up to my expectations, 

^ VSS ft M i'"^ '"^°°" 
'^ngoh I ; provided the 

weather clears up, ^0;^^ 

0^ ue ''kicoh tin ts'eng; 

sit up all night, ^^^ 

f-mmg ye ^ts'oh; I can 

put you up, ^P]"J^@ 

•^ /ti: ngoii Viy/i i lau 

Sii chue ; the roads are up, 

U^ ^ ^ ^''^"^ '■r/icn^ lo^; 

to give up the ghost, ^^ 

csse, ^ ^ Z'7(''o^' s/ia», 

^ iMi /^'^^'o/i s/iai ; when 

docs school break up, ^^ 

It ^ 0# Jfc |g ^^^^^'^ 
/coon /;/ shi fong lea ; to 

draw up a petition, JE^^ 

''se 2^tm-^ ho is laid up 

with fever, -(g |t ffti g\ 

-it M^ _h ^^'"^ z^'"^' ^'^ 

ngoii tsoi shong sheung ; 



UP 



cds 



UPO 



they are) up in arms, 
IS ff ft uc' ,.>' % 
clienn.!;'; time is up, B^^J 
^ ^ij slii hale H to; to 
limit lip, ^Mi ^''''» ts'ara: 
could not catch up with 

iH'B. g IE Pg 1^1 '^'ohn 
^k'ue 'm Vo; hard up for 
money, J||| :^ ^ naan 
S/-i<n ts'in; to bear up 
under ditticulties, j^,|5^||^ 
H^ ^yun noi Aywh naan; 
it is all up with me, ^ 
;^^ ng.s/i»/ ^i; I put up 
several snipe, ^^^ Ji 

f/if/c .«>-^^^ c^?«'; he knocked 
rae up at six o'clock, 

kue luuk tim chiaing fooii' 

seng ngoh; I am quite 

knocked up, ^'&'f^BH 

h'lrnn rhi sham ; the 
affair was patched up, ^^ 
fl :|^ ^ sze' 'i jjV^f^/j' 
woh; to make up a quarrel, 



Uphill, h_ slieung', ^j^ naan, 
uphill work, IHSP^X 
^^ naan tso lu^ kuung 

fiHK 

Upbraid, M ma", ^ naaii\ 



l^p'^ Z:/ W-iu. 



Uphold, ^ ^ foo-ch'i, 
j^ ch'aam foo; ability to 
uphold the state, j^ /j^ 
^ "^ tituiKj leuug chi 
ts'oi. 

Upholsterer, ^'^^iff^ 
^" maai' ka sze shap mat 

Uplift, ^ 'hue; to kneel 

with hands uplifted, ^^^^ 

k'eng ki\ 
Upmost, Jg J^ p|i^ chi^ 

sheung' /a', TpgP^ '^^''^i^ 

J:o ke . 
Upon, ^ lie, ^ tsoi ; upon 

the head, ^ ^ J[2. ^^°^' 
L'au sheung'; upon a 
(journey), ^^ lo' A;«fl/i; 
upon enquiry, ^ ^ ch'a 
<7t'^r/f ; upon the ^vhole, 
•j\^ ^ taai' h^oi ; to live 
upon, •^ shik; upon his 



urp 



684 



UPR 



going, tES-;^^ 'k'ue 
hue chi shi; to levy a tax 



ui3on paper, 



ch^au chi shm ; situated 

upon a hill, ^|_L|_t, tsoi 

shaan slieung'; upon such 

terms, ^p ][£ ;2 S "^ 
'fo'se chi faat^; dependent 

upon, ^^ 'i laai'. 
Upper, J^ sheung', (of a 
shoe) gj '"min'. "j^ Shau, 
}^ J^ , '^i slicung^ upper 
classes {lit., gentry and 
merchants), ^ j^ shan 
sheimg, Jl^.^^ sheung yan; 
upper lip, JI2 ^ Bheung 
shuun; upper story, ht^ 
sheung lau; upper teeth, 
Y_ -^ sheung^ nga; the 
Upper House (i.e., of Par- 
liament), Jl ^ 15^ 
sheung i ^nen; upper and 
lower, J[^ ~T\ sheung ha ; 
the upper hand, ^^ }^ 
ts^o k'uen, -^ h '^chcung 
sheung', J^. ^ sheung' 
'^shaiu 



Uppermost, ^ Jt ''ft chi 
sheung' h' , MB^lE ^^'' 
ho Ice', *j^ shau J§ '^leng; 

the uppermost strata, ^ 
Jl ^ '^^^ sheung' ts'ang; 
the uppermost seats, "ST 
^ ^shau wai', |^^ t'au 
wai'. 
Uppish, 1^ (15; liiu ngo'; 
pooh ! proud, uppish, 
^^ hi) sheng. 

Upright, ^ 'k'i, ij; 

chek-laap, (just) J^ 
]( rAm/-chek, ^ ji^ 
ch'-eiik laap, ~ifc" j£ 
/o;?^ chcng\ >^ m 
/r^/'K^ Ay/??^; make friends 
of the upright, ^jj V^" 
chek; it is hard for an emp- 
ty sack to stand upright, 

k'uung '^tim nang chinmg 
chek; to sit upright, ]J[^ 
chek ts'oh: an upright 

man, |^^;2A ^'^^"8 
shat A;e yan. 



UPW 



685 



UPG 



Uproar, pg, pgj pa-pfu, 
gl ts'o-luen', :^|l h^- 

^ ts'o iiaiiu . 
Uproot, ^/j"^ pat kan^ 

j^ ch'no kail. 
Upset, (to) ^ '^J 'ta-'to, 

(price) ^ ^ r/i/'-p'eng, 

Wi M ^'"'-'^^"^' to upset a 
bout, jjg ^ /)«d *^t'eng; 

upset by a push, |^ -^J 
^•ju' Vfl; with one push he 
upsets three pecks of oil, 
i.e., sets liis own authority 
above any amount of con- 
tradictory evidence, — -^^ 

^. "^ yft ^^'^ cli'iiuiig' 

saam ''tan yau. 
•-'Psliot, ^:^ kit'-'kiroh, 

T^% Shan %\, JIJ Jg 

/o' /a/, A^ rhuvng. 
Upside dovvii. ^ ^ tiii-Uo. 
Upstairs, ji^ J^ lau-sheung', 

(go) il ^ '^sheung-'^lau. 
Upwards, fn] _t^ heimg'- 

sheung'-Z7>, (of) '^ 

leng, ^ 'ki, 

— ffi— >,— ja 



I" ^i-sheung ; the 

puhn upwards, ^ -^ 



yeung ^s/<i7»; to go upwards, 

mtMff '"'^"o' sheung' 
i haiii:; to look upwards, 

i4^)llli V^^".^' s^^i ; to look 
upwards to heaven, 'ttlj ^ 
*"yeung Pin: to fly upwards, 

// /-«; a year and upwards, 
6^ ^ uin ue; upwards 
of fifty, jfc+ ja J^ S.g 
shap S sheung'; ten and 
upwards, -|- ^^ shap 7;;/; 
upwards of twenty year?, 
"". -|- ^ ;:^ i shap /:* 
uin. 
Urbane, »[§; '[|^ Vw/ tai', 7^ 

Si 'yfii^ 'lai. iS 3^ '<'^"» 

woh. 
Urbanity, |jg ^ ^lai-maau'. 
Urethra, /K ^ 1^ s/?^ pin 

/:oo?i, ^ ^ niu' /ww: 

mouth of the urethra, ^ 

P ma ^hau. 
Urge, j^' g ts'ui-pek |Jjg 

??<7fr/, ^Wi '^tmmg huen. 



1^M ''''""^ V''""^', 



URa 



686 



URI 



j^ ^Icoo Siio; to urge on, 
■f^^ ^6''iu tsacm, ^j^ 
fuulc is'ui, g| Jj Van 
tiuiiig^ urge one to stop^ 
^JS p'aan lau; nvge him 
on, Pg [Tp fg ^igai, 'ha 
'k'ue; urge one to go, ^ 
A .^ huen yan //.?<e . 
Urgent, ^ Z'■^/7^ ^ ^ 
cheuk-V^r/n, ^J ^ ^ojz^ 
yeung, ^ ^ Z^i'V.; ts'uuJc, 
^ 5^ '^"";' l^"e', /(g /fg 

5 M^ <'/i2i 



most urgent, 3£ j 
7ia?t ; not ui-gent, ^^ '^ 
sze fooii; urgent report, 
^ -^ pa7i ho'; urgent 
despatch, j/C^ V^/^ i^'"''; 
request (leave) on account 
of urgent affairs, §|| ^ 
''fs^cng 1cup\ urgent notice, 

^^ ^ ^K ^''^^ n^o po ; 
urgent difficulties, ^ |||| 
A;?/;? naan ; urgent dispatch 
(sent direct from the palace) 
^ WL *^'^"o ^^a*'^ urgent 



remonstrance, -^ ^B AsUY' 
Icaaii] urgent demand, ^^^ 
fi)- ts'ul ^t'o. 
Urgently, ^ jmtJc, ^ ^ 
mat mat; urgently needed, 

^ W ^^"^' *"^' ^"treat 
urgently, ^^ ^'^''^ jeuk; 
some one is urgently 

needed,4.^g)fl--A 
Jcwn Icf/n /»■* yuung yat 

yan; urgently to implore, 

^§i fs'in k'i. 

Urinate, ]^ ^ oh-wm, /\\ 

Yffi si«-pin ; to urinate un- 



consciously, "iH 



Jaai 



nui . 



Urinal, ^ ^ niu oo, 
^ pin^ 00, JIJ] ]^ /s'se' 

^Pl maau U'ze". 
Urine, ^ niu ; the odour of 
urine, ^-^ ngaat (ngit) 
ch'au; stringy urine, Q 
^1^ paak lam; bloody urine, 

continence of urine, ^T^ 
^ shan' 'sJmifai, j^j^ 
lau niu': as tasteless as a 



USA 



08 < 



USE 



water nympli's urine, ^ 

% J^^ rti' ?^ '■^^'"' '''^"•^» 

iiin' /:o/;/' *^L*imm; iny bowels 
iiud urine arc as usual, y^ 

pin' ue sheuug Ice . 
Urn, ;|^ /W/y>\ ^ A'()ni7; 
jar and urns, J^^^ ch'eng 
f'mip: put awiiy this urn, 

JS: a jH: li /''"'^' "^^^i 

is'ze aang. 
Ursa major, :lt ^ pak-Uau; 
the seven stars in Ursa 
major, *|^ ^ /sV/< seng; 
to worship Ursa major, 

ch'iu Vrtf^ 
Urticaria, |^^j£ hohn-;??//>. 

^^8 56 Pi '"'.^ol'-ti'- 

l^sage, P^ ||[ moon /V?/;?<7; 
follow the usage, ^j^^ 
.s«j<v /iViY/i IcKf; precedent 
or usage, ^^^ U''"^ hialc; 
common usage, '^ j^ 
sheung k'/rai; to receive 
ill usage, ^ \^ 
shau Tan ^/rai hunk. 



Use, (to) g^ ^sluii, y^ 
ynung', (treat) :^ toi'; 
he ill used us, j^ ^ ^ 

^ t^ '"^'"^ "■'" /'"'^'^'^ 
iiguli ti ; vessels for use, 

than can be used, >?» Sfe 
ffl pnt shrn;/ yuung ; used 

^ f\] P'lf rhmmg yuung', 
ffl ^ ^ yuung' ^^ai 
cheiik; in constant use, ^|^ 
n$^^shi shi in yuung'; 
in daily use, Q ^ jat 
yat yuung'; general use, 
5^ ^ t-ming yunng^ to 
make bad use of, ^ j^ 
"■raong yuung ; temporary 
use, ^^ tsaam yuung ; 
to make good use of time, 

kiro/ig gum; of great use, 
•Jr ^ taai* yuung ; to 
come into use, ^B ^ ^hi 
yuung : makes no use of 
me, ^ ^ ^ 'm yuung' 
ngoh; best for use, J^.^ 
sheung cheuk; for family 



USE 



688 



USE 



use, g^ )fl ha yuung'; 
what is the use of wantonly 
contradicting people ? ~^ 
^ ^ ^ f^ 7w/mz ami 
chvung mat young''; for 
public use, ^^^^ to7ig 
Jciiimg mo ; a used up broom, 
^ kwut t'au so' 



^kohn; use for "^^-^ tong 
tsok ; just began to use, '^ 
^ shai hoi; how is it to 
be used ? "What's the 
use ? M^ '^ tim ^shai; 
What's the use of talking, 

ffi 'fa* S$ ^ 's/w/ mat 
^koiig 111; used to seeing, 

1^ tW ^'^'''" kicaan; you ; 
must use a coverlet to-night, ! 

maan iu '^/c'ldti ''p'i; use a j 
thread and sew it, '^ ^^ 
y(^ "J^ ;u' silo luen ■ 



chue k'ue; which of these 
two sentences is more 
generally used, g^ ^ '^ 

ni ^leung hue wu^ /nn hue 
hai tuung hang he^ ni; 



have you used up all the 
medicine? >f5t^^I^j@0fi^ 

^k. ^^ B^ '"' ^^^^'^ *^'^"^' 

hoh' tb yeuk mi »/; Why 
use an ox-knife to kill a 
fowl ? (why take an axe to 
open an ag^ ?) g\] gg g 
)^ 4^ 7J Z^o/i^' /cfa' in 
yuung ngau fo; if a man 
succeed by one efTovt, he 
will use a hundred efforts. 
If another man succeed by 
ten efforts, he will use a 
thousand, \ — fl^S 

■^ _^ van yat nang chi 
^ki i)aah chi, yan shap 
nang eld hi ts^in chi; let a 
man who is ignorant, be 
fond of using his own 
judgment; let a man with- 
out rank be fond of 
assuming a directing power 
to himself, ^ig, rffi $f @ 

ho tsze yuung tsin^ i ho 
tsze chv.eii; (you) may give 
a man compasses and 



USE 



1)80 



UNE 



square, l)ut (you) cannot 
make liim fikilful in the 
use of tlicni, jg^ SSL ^ 

nang ue yan t/f:ii hue 
l)af nang i^hai yan haau. 
I'sefnl, ^ ^ pin^-yuung', 
^ 1^ cheuk yiuing , ^ 
^f^ 'ho ka >/., :^ H! 
gg 'yau yiuing' L'au: gems 
imwrouglit form notliing 

useful, -^Tf^WfWL^ 
yuuk jiat teuii pat ?lieng 
lu; very useful, ;A; ^^ 



taai yan yuung . 



Usefulness, ^|J)^ li' y"«»g . 

Useless, ^ pjl )3[5 '"'^" 
f/ii«o//7-ynnng\ (///., a lien's 

t# W IS '"^ ^'''' ^^^' ''"' 
'x^if//, ^ ^ M t^ /'/?//i; 

ha{Jc mo nang, fe -|^ pb 

ffl mo »?fl^ rhuung yuung , 

j^ ^ moot yuung', Jf, 

^j^ rat sheng ts'oi, f^ 

y^-i ^ yniing^ [lat chcuk; 

useless effort (///., scratch 

through a wall), P^^:j^ 






hauk pck ngaau yeong; 
useless pains (///., dredge 
the ocean for a needle), y^ 

l&W '%\ '^'"^ ''^"' J'^'^i" 
ijaou) chum; a useless 

thing (Jit., a Btnff of hemp 

fibres), M'^^^ »\a 
/j/r?^^ ''k/niai 



Cheung 



useless material, ^^^ 
^i^ ihitp Ilk chi ts'oi; a 
useless fellow {lit., a claw- 
less crab), ^ ;); H i% 
mo ^rhaav ii'aang k'i, ^&. 
^■^"^ mo laai' f/i/ t'o; 
regarded (him or it) as 

useless, ^%%m i'« 
wai mo yuung ; a useless 
man, (///., rotten wood is 
unfit for carving), ^^ ^ 

^ W Si ^^^"'' "^""^^ ^'^"' 
//(57i //^^j useless stuff, 1^ 

fi^foi m;U:'i«elcss exertion, 

{Jit., a mosquito boring a 

horn), ^'^"1''=^'^ "iKii 
cliitm ngau /."/.: : useless 
slaughter, ^ ^ ^mong 
.''haat : utterly useless, IE 



usu 



690 



UTO 



mat ke ; as to the past, re- 
proof is useless; but the 
future may be provided 
agaimt, ft^^pjftj 

che [Md hoh Icaan loi ^clie 

yau %oh chui. 
Usher, ^ ^ /V'/?.{7 cW-aai; 

Ceremonial Usher, ^ ^ 

^j^ /.saan "^iai long. 
Usual, ^ 'sj' p'eng-sheung, 

^' '^ ts'um-sheung, |*^ 

'a' hang sheung. 
Usurp, ^ fjij pa-chim, j^ 

^ V^-^m^-tuet, -^ ^ 

foi< ^(j;/^ ; usurp the empire, 

usurped his situation, ^S 
' ^ s/^ wai ; usurp au- 
thority, j^^ shin^ k'uen; 
usurp the throne, ^. ^i 
shaaix' wai\ |^ ' 
{ts''im ) wai'; usurp by 
force, ^^ ;|^ yyrt' kue'. 

Usury, ^1] ^J^ g li'-s//;;- 
ch'uuns:. 



Utensil, :gg JUL /^»'-meno-. 
Uterine, |^[ ^Q, t'uung-;;.7fa^; 
uterine brothers, ^^^Ji 



As'//; /s'//i; /w;?^ tai ; "^ 



^fl& 



'yau yuuug'. 



tsHm, 



M yt ^ "^'^^^"^s -?'"'"' 

Atn^' tai . 
Uterus, -^ P^ meng' moon, 

I -^ '^ ^fszc kuung-, pro- 
lapsus uteri, 

■ chui lok tot. 

I Utility, y^ Ifl 

j Utilize ^1^ shin yuung', 

Utmost, ^ ;^ (hi -kek, -|- 
^^ shap-/i»i; utmost degree, 
Jj^^ cAt kek; he exerted 
his utmost strength, iJ^^t 
"h tit^ k'i lik; utmoat 
energy, ^p "^ /r/(7n lik; 
to be thrown into the 9th 
(utmost) hell, ^^jtW 

^jfjc ^''' ^"^^ ^'^^^ ch'nung 
ti^ yuuk; the utmost bounds 
of the earth, j^;^ ti' kek, 
Utopia, ^ 1^ g oJm lok 



Icicok . 



UTT 



691 



VAC 



Utter, (to) ^ [Jj ^hinvi- 
chUn/f: to utter a hou mot, 

iiulitVerciicr. P[^ Q Q 
'ngaaii paak [)aak; utter 
ruin, .^ Bjjr ts'uen piai ; 
to utter a false oath, ^ 
^^ faoe %i sl.ai', ;g 
^-^§ ^//•on/7 sliaP ucu\ 
Utteriince. pj -^ hau-kok^, 

/if/j^ ts'ze. 
Utterly, '^ ^ UU-ng-rh^oh, 
^ j^ tsuun-*ti^ utterly 
impossible (W,, leap over 
the northern sea), ^ ;j(j 
^ r//'//^ ^;a/: /if//; utterly 
helpless (///., with tied 
hands waitino; for death), 
^■^^^ rh'nuk shall 
toi' pai', Jg H ;:^ gg 
iiiaau^ niaan pat iiang; I 
utterly despise him, ^^ 

utterly irrelevant, j^ ^ 
~f^ i^ ho mo koh/i shqi^; 
utterly disresjiectful, g^ 
IS ffi A '"gaan Va/ mo 



yan; utterly ruined, |i|l"J* 

Uvula, |V| ^^ tiu^-rhuinig, 
g^ 4* iJR '*'^"^ '^*-'' 



ngaan. 



Uxorious, ^' ^- 3^ ^ '"' 
/«'«/ /'««/ to/i. 

V 

Vacancy, (officer) ^ k^wf^; 
to make a vacancy, P^^^ 
hoi k'lU't ; to fill a vacancy 
f^S^ y^o /;'?(«/; a vacancy 
in an office, ^^ )^ koon 
ti ; wait to fill vacancies, 

'f^^li ^^^^^^ i^"' ^ ^''^cancy 
owing- to promotion, ^J| 
^^ tiu^ k'uet ; a vacancy 
in a school, ^Pf^^fi: 
shuuk chining hue wai ; 
there is now no vacancy in 
this office, ^g^tiig 
M ^ ^ V"'^'* "^^^ tsze' 
Ian in mo hmmg kUiet^. 
Vacant, ^ ^ hmnig-hw: a 
vacant spot, ^:^ huung 



VAC 



692 



VAD 



ti^ a vacant, post, ^ ^^ 
liaan ¥uet ; a vacant mind, 
^>|^\ himng sum. 
Vacate, ^^ ^ p'^on-huiing, 



(an office) A*|l se^; abont 
• to vacate otfice, ^^^'j^ 
hi slum /coon; to vacate a 
liouse, ^ §. ^ poon 
huiinrj viik, :^ ^ poon 
intJc, ^^ ^ |wo/^ Jca: to 
vacate the throne, ^g ^ 
jeuntr wai , ^^ ^ ts'ze 
waP; to vacate an office, 
f^^ ts'ze cIuL 
Vacation, ^^ /«/?^;?^-haan, 
j^ ka^y ^^ sacnt' -puan, 
■^ jg y««< /;«'; to give a 
vacation, ^jS fnif kct'; 
to extend a vacation, ^^ 
jK foon ka^\ the vacation 
is completed, y^fg moon 
/:«■*; the Summer Vacation, 

/ire"* ^/'(<7' Iccc' ; the Winter 
Vacation, ^^(^Jj^fg 
tuung Pin he fong ka; 



beginming and close of 
vacation, ^ffl fuung yan\ 

Vaccinate, {|0 |^ im-"'tAU . 
^^7$^^ c/^(^</)i/7 -yeung- 
*tuu\ ^ -^ JJ^ cliuung^ 
ngaii tan ; every child 
must be vaccinated within 
three months of its birth, 

dC'V.ut slidi eJii ^siu ^tsze 
saam kolc' net noi sup 
chuung yeung ''tau . 

j Vaccine, -^^fi^ "^'"^^^ ^'^^^ 

tseung, ^^'jt! ^^^ tseung. 

Vacillate, jX, ^ '^faan-fuuk, 

^ ^ ^ P3 (^^hiic-saam- 

chue i pat teng , jj^ ^/| 
iu tuung', ^ ^ ^ mo 
teng^ Z/n . 

Vacuous, ^ huuni/, ^ /i^i?. 

Vacuum, ^^ tsuun"* huimg, 

Vade-mecum, 



^^ tsau 



VAG 



C93 



VAI 



Vagabond, "Jjg ^ long' 

(Vg)tong\pP3AA 
haan haan jmat^ ]mat\ ^. 

filr^ mo shoh kicai, fiffi 

" iM^jl^ mo liii mo laaP, 



^ ^ Z'on^/ (0 ^N/i.'r?<; 
conspire with vagabonds, 

^ ^ ffi ^ '^'^«" ^^^I' 

>■ t'o. 
A^igina, |J;^ ^ >/um-oo\ j^ 

P^ S7/.'rtr/7i-iriOon, jp;^ j'i, 

/VJQ S p'iin-00 . 
Vagrant, ^ -^ yan-^s7/ai/, 

ijfc M '^^^'-''' */4 K 1^^^ 

miin, ^^ ^J0 y/-//< pok; 
liomcless vagrants, ffi ^"^ 
mo tsik. 
Vagne, ^^^ ^^ sJiue-foot\ 

r# y^ ////^ fan ; vague 
words, ;^ ^ faaii m ; 
vague ideas, :^ ^Jl wa:in 
^seung ; what he says is 
very vague, |g }a)f fg; 
.^ j£ 'ii'ue 's/^o/^. s//<<f/' 
shuni^ hue. 
Ai 



Vain, ^ }J'^ rhong-hong, 

^^ hiic-{-A\\, (proud) 

^ )§L kiii-ch'e-ii'un, 

jQ ^ //y/ pajxk s/i«^; in 
vain, :;f; J|g ;g i)«^ siii' 
^^ to hibour in vain, ^^ 
^ t'o lo ; vain and false, 
if fg 7t2/e 'ka; a vain 

world, ig il IH: ^ ^''^ 

wa s/ir//' /r/i'/i^ ; to take iu 
vain, Ig^lfl "^mong yuung': 
to take God's name in vain, 

g ffl ± fif Z ^ 

Suong yuung^ sheung' tai 
chi meng. 

Vain-glorious, )^ ^ ^<'<» 
/^'?rrt, ';:^ If fau tirn. 

Valance, ^l^ ^ fuuJc-*yum, 
j^ t|l^ -^ /»?<M <:/i^z<H^ 
yum ; make a valance (for 
New-Year's time), ^ — ■ 

yum. 
Vale, jjj ;gl ."/wfm JcuuJc. 
Valediction, ^ ^ 7^:0^ ts'ze, 
^ ^Ij /^«^' pit. 



VAL 



694 



VAL 



Yaledictory, ^ glj Q^ Ico' ! Validity, ^ ^ 't'oh hop, 
pit ti ; valedictory address, 
^^ ^ ts'ze hang Se, 



^ 



kuung to 



^^ ^i— 



^ ^J) IS /""'^ p"^ ^^a , 



hop lai'. 
Validly, ^^Rfi§ 't'oh hop 

i lai . 
Valise, ^^ p'i-sei«?^. 
Valet, 1^ :^jg ts'ui tsnung', I Valley, {Jj ^ shaan-kmilc, 
I^ ch'eung ts'ui, yj^ ^ /tZ^i^/c; the bright valley. 



Valerian, 
huulc. 



% M l^oi-i- 



Valetudinarian, P^ ^ 
yau peng clic, ^ 
yeung peng the. 



yeuDg- 



wens: 



i.e.^ the remotest East, 
W^ -^ yeung Iciiuh ; the 
dark valley, i.e., the re- 
motest "West, ^^ ^ mooi 
kuuk ; the spirit of the 
valley, i.e., Tao, :^ ^^ 
^«2^/c shan ; the Valley of 
Death, ^ ^ sze kuuk. 
Valorem, Ad v., BS '[^ cAm^ 



Valetudinary, ^ 

peng . 
Valhalla, ^^^'^ 

sluuing chi kuung. 
Valiant, M ^ yuung- kom., 

valiant troops, ^ ^j^ yui^ ^A:oo 

.S2«, ^^ tseng peng. Valour, ^ ^ '^\mxig-hx ; 

Valid, ^^ "^ t'oh-^;?/; a : the valour of a common 

valid title-deed, ^"^^ man, )J^ ^ Z, M ^''"^ 

i-tli 'll^ 't'oh tong^ ke^ ti' j foo chi ^ynuug. 

^(■hi; a valid claim, ^ ^jj Valorous, ^ Ji Vi^^^^g 

-Si'tP"] ^^"P ^^i' '^"'^^ '^'^ ' ^maang, ilj^'^ll; ngat tsuut, 

EE ^ chcvng taam. 



raun^. 



VAL 



69o 



VAI. 



Valuable', '*^* 'r^' kirai^- 
cluiuiig'; Viiliiables -j^ ^y|* 
tsze ts'oi, p; W j^ ff 
A;«Y//' chining-^ mat kiii'; 
your valuable present, p^ 
'M luung i ; to fritter 
away valuable opi)ortunities, 
{lit., to uourisli what is 
small with wliat is great), 

® /J^ ]>X X Vc"ng 
.si?< 1 taai ; tins is a very 

valuable article, ^ flfl^ ^ 

Sf K S P|£ "' ^'' 'ye 

^Ao /i://'ai^ chuung'' Ice^x a 
vaUialile servant, ^^:^ 
ch'iu t'eiig lu ; valuable 
goods ^ i^ Zr^ra' foh'. 
Valuation, ^^ j© /;(7o ka , 

im ffi ^"'^' '^'^'^^ 

Valuatoi', j^ (g ^ koo ka 

'<•*'■. ^ IM * te„g' 

Value, j^ /;«' (of) Y[^' ^ 
chek-''tsMn, (to prize) "^ 
^ kirai -chuung , (to) Y"^ 
■{^ koQ-ka ; difference in 
value, §^ ^J^ ngan "^sAh^", 
fi ngan s/i/Zc ; of no 



viilue, pS. jii'i ^ 1,1 chck 
ts'in, 1^ ^-J fill mat ; 
pay full value, WVil^i^- chh^ 
p'ooi ; the real value, ^ 
j'^ shat /w'; value as per 
im-oice. H3 H Ji/r JlJ ;2^ 
j^ f /</;<' /r/rt?i fihoh lit /re' 
/i;a ; of equal value jsj (^ 
t'uung ka-, to value good- 

ne;^^; Jit ^# ^ S? 'i 
shin wai j»/o ; health is of 

more value than wealth, 

m^^ * fi ^ ^ flt 

kin tai kirai chuung' 
ku'oli ts'in ts'oi ; the 
articles missing are of great 

value J/f * ^ -ft >*) 

shat ke kin mat shi ko 
ka chek /» ; I bought tliis 
for under half its value, 

III 2p: — ^ Sigoh Snaai 
/.s',ri" mat rA//< cheng ka 
chek p'eng //<7f ;?i90?i . 
Valve, :^ S;/?, ^ koi, ^ 
P^ shit moon ; ijeo-coccal 
valve, ^ P^ laan moon ;. 



VAM 



696 



VAIS" 



the valves of the heart, 
i]j\ -^ sum ^im ; a safety 
valve, J^ g ;2 ^ sii 
hi chi ''iin. 
Vampire, j{^|| ^g pin-ftmic, 

Van, -^ i§ sin-fuwi/j, -gy 
[^ ts'iii-tui^ ; the v;iu in 
a battle, ^J gg [J^ Va 
t'au chan . 

Yanpnard, ]|ni"|^ ts'in ftaing, 
^ §^ sill li^'w, the van- 
guard division, "jlf If ^ 
ts'in fuun/j yeng. 

Vandal, _%,Ji;2A '"'^'''^ 
Siiaang /re' yan, ^^^^ 
J[^ Iwung \\o\\\\ Ice yan. 

Vane, jg^ ^g ^^ //«<»/7- 
swim'k'i, :^j|t;^ teng'- 

/m/«.(7-k'i ;^ j4 ^\ 

tv-ng fuung chum. 
Vanish, ^|j ^^ .s»^mit, 
(disappear) ^^ ^ tsuct- 
^s//c, ^ {^ \no-hiu, ^ 
^ sl^ieng huung; to vanish 
suddenly, ,^, |^: Pg ^ 



fat in 'm /://? ; to vanish 
into the earth, ^ ^ 

tunn ti . 

Vanity, ^ :^'^ 7«;(5-\vaan', 
jg ^ 7i?/^' sze', jj '^^ 
hue fan ; the vanity of this 

world, ilrt: [f ;2 /t S 

As'^'^ sAif// r/// 7«/^ fan ; all 
is vanity, H ^ g ^ 
maan sz'? liuuivj hue. 

Vanquish, ^ sheug^ ; to 
vanquish in battle, il^J ^ 
•^ Va .s^«?^ (hruiig^. 

Vantage, f,|] li' f.jj g: ]i' 
////■: ; vantage ground, j^ 
%\\ ti' li'. 

Va])id, -^ ;g .s7i«^ f7i/', yj^ 
-^M taam pok. 

Vapour, ^ Tii', (rising) ;|g 
^ ^ /n-pnung'-puung , 
(of Avater) -7]^ ^ ^shvi 
hi; rising vapours, ^ ^ 
/^<7i mo ; noxious vapours, 

tiuik /// : humid vapours. 
Vapouring, |^ ^ htio-k'/ra. 



VAP 



697 



VAR 



Vaporize^ >ffc fi ^ A«' wai 
'"■'' ^^^ jk M ''^'^3 

Variablu, 's^ ^ slieungp/? , 
•111 Lt'iiu' ; variable winds, 

/tf f II miff. 

Variance, ^ cliaanq ; at 

variance with, 7J;g ^ 

seinifj fso/i; to set at 
variance, ^^j. /^fW2< luen , 
^ I'm Vrr/f/i /-«/<'. 

Variation, ^^ -Y-{^ 7^//i^ /"«', 

;y; f^ '111 t'nuiii?, ;;y; >g^ 

•in liop; variation of the 
magnetic needle, UJH^f 
^ iy 'oh A'^//^ f//z«;i (•/«■ 
;^'///; oriental variation, 'fej 
;^ ^///t ftwjig, {g^ ^/m 

Varicose, Jj^ ^ cheiinf/^ 
taai ; a varicose vein, ^_^ 

taai c/d ooi A^i"^ Vioon. 
Variegated, Jj^"^ }man-shik, 
wa, -^ ^ kwong wa, 
^ wa ^/.'.Z, 31 ^ 



'ng '/s'o/. H -g tsaap 
.?/i//£ ; variegated niarl)le, 

'fE ©" 5 '^'^ ^^"" ^'^^''^'• 
Variety, Jg. i', [^ |^ 'm 

t'uung; every \aricty of 

goods, # ^^ jit 4^ 
/i;^/;^ s/aV; /iy/i' mat; variety 
of business ^. "^ tsaap 
sze ; a great variety of 
dishes, 5^ ^' :^ }g 
suung' {■'i'd taai^ pa. 
Various, ^ ^ Mc'-yeung , 
-^ ^ ;jrt^teng'; various 
colours, ^ "^ shu shik, 
^ "^ /;;(>/;;' shik; goods 
of various kinds, ^^ Jp 
"^ /7)A-' Vi»//^ foli\ there 
are various ways of doing 

things, |j^ 5^ ;^ -^ 

tso' faa^ fat i/at ; various 
difficulties, ^ ||| M 
naan . 
Varnish, ^ y^ ming-'">au, 
(lacquer) \^ ts'at ; clear 
varnish, j0 ^ /.s'«i ^sVn<7; 
it has beeu varnished, ^ 
'i^ yup ^sV^^ ; lustrous 
varnish, ^ ^ ^JC '^i^ 



VAS 



698 



TEU 



ts'at shid; van-iished ifc 
three times, {^ ^ ^^ 
ts^at saam chum ; gold 
varnish, ^ \^ kum ts^at; 
native varnish, J^ i^ 
'to ts'af. 
Tary, ^^ ^ ]>in- dumi, 

Yase, 72 iS§ fa-tsuim, Zfg 
jfJl /"-"p'eno;. 

Vassal, ^^ ^ ts'nnnj!^ yan. 

Vast, ^ ;^ shnm'-taai\ ^ 
^^ tono- toui; , ^^ ^ 
j-;v; j/i, :f^ ^ moug inong, 
vast expanse, y^ *^ hohn' 
niaan ; a vast mart, "cT 
^j< /:p;?/7 cl)iu ; the vast 
ocean, -^ "y^ taai yeung. 

Vastly, I^ -Jtt ''hii-ong taai'; 
vastly different, -/^ J|l. 



taai i . 



Vat, -/r ^ taai' ^tuung ; 

an oil vat, y^ :;j^^ yan 

f-mmg. 
Vatican ^ 3E ^ ^ ;S 

^ tin ^chue kaau wong 

cAi kuung. 



Vault, (cellar) j:^ ^ ti -lo; 
the vault of heaven, :^ 
^ tivong long ; put a 
coffin into a vault, i"^ i^ 
tetti/n ''Strong -. a brick 
vault (cov'ering a coffin), 
■^ -^ yrt?< fei<; the sky 
is a blue vault, ^ Jh — . 
^^g" -^ t in iiaai ?/ai 
tn^ong k'uung. 

Vaunt, ^ -4^ /v'?ra-taai , 
^^ P /i-'i'i'rt A«?<; to 
vaunt one's self, W ::^ 
^maai meng (^mmg), f^ 
i^ koo meng (^meng). 

Veal, -^ Y^ j^ ngau Vsrt» 
yunk. 

Vedas,^ f P ,^^ H M $1 
ya^i to ku'ok slLcng keng. 

Veer, ^^ rlmea, ^ ^^ 
(■/«<(?« -waan ; veered to the 
South, [p] ]^ ooi naam; 
veerings and turnings, ^/ 
-j^lj '^faan chak. 

Vegetable, 5j^ As'r>/, (king- 
dom) ^ ^ Vs'o-muuk, 
"5" jk. ^^a«/i; '^wai ; to 
live on vegetable food, ^ 



VEG 



699 



V£H 



^^ sbik chaai ; to beg 
vegetables, jp ^ ^loh 
chnal ; first rate vegetables, 
Wv *2^ V^ lo hohn chaai; 
li(|iioi' left after cooking 
vegetables, ^j^ ^ijf is'oi' 
I hup ; fried hash and 
vegetables, /J> ^ |^ 
*^s»< ^ch'-aau yniik ; to plant j 
vegetables, ^|^ ^ chuung 
is'oi ; a row of vegetables, 

— ■ iM ^ y"^ ^'"^^^ '*'^* ' 
nniv vou rot like old 

vegetables, -^ ^ |^ "^lo 

shoh ts''oi. ; vegetable diet, \ 
■^ ^ sliik so ; veirctables 

seasoned with soj, ^ yj> ! 
^^ tscung ^siu ts'oi ; ^Ybat I 
meat and vegetables do ! 
yon eat ? 1^^ "^ ^ Uf 

IS ?S PiB "i "^''^^ "'"^ 

"■ye suung /-sV'i 7i/. 
Vegetarian, ^ J^ ^ shik 

Vegetation, jif;!^ -^/'t^'^' '^/•s'rt; 
dense vegetation, ^ 0|^ 



/s't« niin ; covered with 
vegetation, ^ jj^ j^ yfc 
shaang Snoon V.s'o munk. 

Vehement, ^^ "^niaang ; vehe- 
ment to fight, ^{ji 1^^ 
^k'eung r/i/yi' ; vehement 
desire, -^ >^ ts'it' ^seung. 

Vehicle, ^ ij;i tsoi^-ch^e. 

Veil, (to) g ^ c^e-oo', (a) 
M ® # /i:(?/'-min'-s/?r/ ; 
a bride's red veil, ^ l|lQ 
fan 7>*a ; to take the veil, 
A jg yup om ; to veil 
the face, ^ ^ £ p0 ''^'^"' 
chue min ; the bride wears 

^ ^'^'i' fr *S M ffi ^ 

srtu fn taai nun Snong. 
Vein, [p] jfO. ^ ooi-hud^- 
^koon, (streak) ^^ man ; 
veins or streaks (as in 
wood), ^j^ J^ mun li; 
to force wiiter into the 
veins of a newly-killod 
animal, f^^jC /-"^'i^ '^shiii; 
veined marble, ^^^ wan 
sliek ; a vein of ore, ,5^ 
^ Ictrong niak ; veins of 



VEL 



(00 



VEN 



leaves, ^ ^^ ip lolc; a 
poetical vein, ^ "^ shi 
ts'oi. 

Vellum, |Hl|Syf^j^|^ 
sal kit yeung p'i c/tL 

Velocity, (relative) 4# 4'm 
faai -maan . 

Velvet, -^ 1^- Vs/n-'yumig, 
^ S tt ^^A-loli-,,yuung; 
foreign velvet, 7^ |^ 
yeiing yuung ; velvet char- 
acters on scrolls, ^■^ ^^ 
ynnng tsze ; flowered velvet, 

^J M ^^ ^^ ^^^''^ y"""g- 
Velveteen, [pj -^ ;||j^ ooi 

tsze ynnng. 
Venal, ^ ^^ '^mani-talc, 

M M' ^^ ^nvdin-tak-Ice\ 

^ 5pj tv/ maai-c7M«d- 

ta/c. 
Venality, p]' ^ :5^ f^ '^^A 



raaai che. 



raaai cU pai', ^ ;^,|j ;^ 
1^ ^V/aw li' f/u" pai'. 
Vend, ^ maai'. y^ A-oo, '^ 
sliau . 

s7ift?< 



Vendee, ||^ 
maai (Vi^, 
chue. 



> c 
ry: maai 



Vendor, ^ 

Venerable, ;^ ^ lo-sheng, 

y^ lo; Venerable Sir, ^^ 

a venerable person, "]§] -^ 
/s?/e?i cheimy. 

Venerate, '^ ^ ^52«f7i- 
chunng', "^ ^ /si<e?? 
/i;^;?// ; to venerate the 
spirits, i^;g|$ ^ Iceng' 
wat, shan meng ; to 
venerate the aged, ]^ 3^ 
^S7«-7i lo ; to venerate 
heaven, ^ ^ kmg Pin; 
to venerate and fear, ^j^-^ 
Icrng wai . 

Venereal, ^ 'j'^ ch^iam- 
ts'eng, ^ '}'^- p^ ch'mm- 
t3'eng-/i^\ ^"o*" '''^'"'^^'-hop, 
^ i^^n /a ''lau ; venereal 
^ pin' tuuk, 
§^ /'rt "^lau ch'-ong, 
^^ yeung mooi 
rh'ong ; venereal disease, 

Venery, ^' ^ ^nue 5-^«'A;, 

c/i/ ngai . 



ulcer, 



k.li 



VEX 



701 



XKS 



Venesection, ^ jfH. /""^' 

ooi Jiuet /coon. 

VenetifiiiP, "Q* ^' ^ F'"^^'- 
iH-cIi'eung ; Venetian blinds, 
TK'^XITR '"""^ ^paan lim, 

^a^ft' ip cW'eimg. 

Vengeance, (to take) ^g 'I^L 
jm ch'au ; to luivu \eii- 
geance (//A, suck liis 
marrow), t^ 3^ |S ^^^^^^t 
k'i *^sui; the god of vengeance 

M $-K ^ ^s'^"''^ ?'^' «^^- 
Vengeance is mine, ^ ^ 

^igoli. I 

Venial, ^^, f-| ^ shm'-tak- ' 

Jcicoh . 



Venomous, ^ tnnk, "^ -^ 
069 ^T'^^^ ''""'^ ^^ ' ^ 



Venison, )Jg |^ huik-ynuk; 
dried venison, ]^ |^ Innk 

'Mil )ll f^ lip i'^"^^ : 

yuuk ; liiglily flavoured \ 
venison, ^{^ '^M M ^ , 
mi' nuung lunk yuuk. 
Venom, -^ tuuk. 



venomous snake, -^ 
tuuk she ; as venomous as 
a snake, (said of spiteful 
persons), ^^ \!^ ^ she 
Ico)n tuuk. 

venoi^B, 5M Jin. ^ n89 °°^ 

hiiet koon ii. 

Vent, (escape) ^ J^ /t»p - 
lo', jj fl tuwuj-limng; 
the vent of a cannon, )|(g| 
0^ V'aau Sigaan : to give 
vent to anger, Ij- ^, 
faat^ no'; to give vent to 
ill-feeling, pf ^J ig i^^ 
i'o^ ch'iiut oli sum ; unable 
to get vent, ^^ ^^f ^ 
'm tak sif; to give vent to 
one's tiioughts, pj^ ill> jg; 
/'o' s^//^^ /'; to give vent to 
one's feeiings, pj^ ^ ^ll"^ 
ffl /'o' lo' fiurn sze. 

Ventilate, jg ^ Vinmg- 
fining, ^^ /v/;//?.<7 ''*'; to 
ventilate a room, ]^^.A 
^f<»tg /u' yup fong. 



YEN 



702 



VEN 



Ventilation, MM.Z^'f' 
Puimg final g he faat' '^tsze; 
the ventilation of this room 
is not well carried ont, |^ 

Ml ^ '^^ kaan fong mi 
*^jau shin faai^ f-uung f-au 
fining hi . 

Ventilator, ^J§|, ^i^ t'lmng, 
S M ^''""^ t'uung. 

Ventricle, ^ tiu\ ^ hnmg, 
^ fong; the ventricles of 
the heart, i|^>^ «?<'" li'm. 

Ventriloquism, g 
kon'j hale wa . 

Ventriloquist, ^ || gg ^ 
/'()// ^ /ifl/i; wa ;7t^', )^ ^ 
^" fuuk in che. 

A^entore §^ /^O/y^ (hazard) 
^ 2)'tjon; I venture to 
compare myself, ^]:[^ •s'?' 
y?/; I venture to saj', ^j§ 

Mj'^'' ^'; fS S •^''■^' ^^~^^' 
^^n^ .v<7' wai ; to venture 

to enter, ^y\ '^/■^^'^ Jiip: 



rm HI 



I venture to ask, 
kom mun ; to run the 



venture, tei" jJ^ mo ///»?; 



nothing venture nothing 

have, ^aa^^iij^^ 

^ ]^ mo ''iaam tso' sze 
f.srt/^ sze jw^ sheng; to 
venture at the risk of life, 
^^ mo '^sze; to venture 
all, ^ ^ tsuun' jo'oon ; 
to venture all for one's 
country, ^j^^:^^ 
sinui kivok'' ka chi kujK 
Venturer, Qfjl^^ mo' ''him 

che, ^7 11^ ^ bang Vam 

cfie. 

Venturesome, ^jJ^D^ ™^ 
'hi),i ti, 3@.tl8^ '^f^^^>i ^^■; 
he is venturesome, "[g p^ 
Ifi ^ K& 'l^'^^e 'm fa' 
ngai V/M?z. 

Venus, (planet) ^ j^ 
Kum-npng. 

Veracity, ^^ "^lo-shat, S 
W r7/a?i shat, g/^W^lif^ng 
shat, j£ 1^ cheng^ chek, 

Verandnh, ,^ |^ k'e-'lau, 

^^ r»u-*t'oi. 
Verb, '1^ ^ oot-tsze , ^ 

^^ shall g-t^ze . 



VER 



703 



VER 



Verbal, (spoken) p ^ 
hai/-\\{\^; a verbal order, 



Verbose, ^^ ehui -]n\ , ^ 



iiiiii^ ue : verbal 



aitercaLio!!, p ^ '^hrru 
rhaaiiff, ^ roj^ shit chin^; 
verbal deceit, p -^ 

//; a verbal noun, y^ 
:^;^jgl^ oot tsze' r/i/ 
ineijg tsze ; verbal tes- 
timony, p-fifc hau1cming\ 
a verbal message, >j^ "^ 
ch'ueii in. 

Verbally, P fl| Hfl^ '-^i'^" 
cli'nen //'; state verbally, 
^ ^^ #A^/?^ cli'-ong; to 
translate verbally, ^ ^ 
;f^tj^ cliiuik i%z% fiian yik. 

Verbatim, 'rJ ^ :<!9 |5l 
Z'//^' -A-2/i»'-sr?<////-t'unng, i^ 
^ chuuk-tszo. ^ 'pjj 
chunk /i:2<e , ^ ^ clmuk 
in: a verbatim rendering, 
^^^^^^ chnnk tsze 
chi yik. 

Verbena, ,|^ ^^ ]^ ma ///n 

Verbiage, ^ ^ ^A?// in. 



U '"^^ 



m; 



a Verbose 



talker, ^ P ^ /"/< V<<r;< 

Verbosity, ^f^ /''/i wa\ 

Verdant, ^ 'j^ fs^eng-ooi, 
^ "^ sflu'-mau : verdant 
hill-tops, 1^ ^ As'?«' 
waan; the verdant ,-pring, 
^ ^ /sVny ch^uini; the 
verdant Spring of yoiitli 
does not return, ^'^^ 
IS J^ ts^eng ch'uim pat 
tsoi loi. 

Verderer, (_L[ ^^ 'j^ shaan 
lura Icoon, /^^^Hj "C hang. 

Veidict, J^ ?flj ji'ai-p'GOii', 
a verdict of manslaughter, 
^- -^ ^ /-'?<f^' meng' 



on 



ohn : to pass one's verdict. 

Verdigris, ^jj^ t'uung-hiuk, 

^^ t'uung sou . 
Verdure, t^ i^^nuj, m 

^s'fn^' bulk, 



^^ ANV/?t</ 



sau 



YER 



704 



YER 



Yerge, (oa the) fJ^f^ miin^- 
moon; the verge of heaven, 

^ i!^ ^"* ngfti; on the 
verge of, ^ ^ tsoung 
kan , ^ lum; on the 
verge of starvation, ^!^ 

ngoh^ ^sz(", the natives 
were on tlio verge of 
rebeli^ion, ±^\%'^\j^ 
^[^ t(i muii tst'unij k'Aii 
tsck iuen ; he was stiinding 
on the very verge, f^ ^i^ 

W i^ Pfi ''"»*^ ''^'' ^^'^^' 

Yerify, f^^chrng'-\m\ ^ 
Jg waan neii, j^^ 'tsoh 
ini', ^ ,|^ tlu m\\ ^ 
j|^ tiiif haD; verified, ^^ 
1^ Iroh km, J^ ^G^ 
f/i/;/^ im'; verify a dream. 
,u|DP^ im munng , ]jj^ 
"^ ijmg^ im' "^liii; verify 
goods as stolen, ^ gj , 
im^ tsonrj. j 



■ > .5 ,\. 

stn mm , y| 



Verily, 1^^ h^oli shat; 

verily dear, Pg "gf "^ 
cs/irt s^rn/, hcai^; verily 

good, ^ ^y '^s/ir/ '^ho. 
Yeri table, m. If f^rc?i shat, 

^^ S" sheng shat. 
Yerniicelli, /^ ^^ ^un-szo, 

.s//«' /r^^<' 'finu 1;^ ^ 

szo; vermicelli soup, :^^ 
tong vc\\\\. 

Yermiliou, ® i^^ f^^ "^'^"' 
chnf-%,1 ^t If)' ^ ^s^e 
fan Keimg; light vermilion, 
© ft ".^^fi" hnniig; a 
cake of vermilion, -j^ ^ 
f/iiw teng^; mercury is used 
to make vermilion, 7|C ^ft 

yuung 'i tsok ngan r/nte; 
vermilion in bars, -^ ^ 
chitp mak; vermilion pencil, 

Yermiu, ^, ch'uung. 
Yernacular, ^fsC J;! P^^ V^'o?^ 

't'o a, :;^i^ dS5 V^^n ti^ 

ti; the vernacular language. 



VER 



-Oh 



VKR 



luwspapor, TJS ife |/f ^ 

^^ pdoif ti' .sa?i iiiiiu i/ii. 
Venial, ^ rhUiini; vernal 

equinox 1,21st March), ^ 

/J» rh.ui'n fun. 
YftrfiaLile, ^ ^ M /;:«» 



('kai), tJ- f«^ ts'oi tin', 
^ 3;^ is-in fa/ig, |g fS 



^Yeng• ng\ 



Verse, (poetry) ^: .s7//, (a) 
'^ /.s//''; to compose verses, 
ig 1^ fai .*/i/; verses 
readable backwards and 
forwards, ^ ^ g^ ooi 
mnn ■■<hi; to make verses, 
-j-^ g^ /noZ- sA/; a set of 
verses, — ""^J f^ !/<^^ ^shau 
shi; to recite or chant 
verses, p^ f^ Avcng' shi. 

Versed in, ffc sluuik, ||^ 
''om shilr, ,j^ ^^ Vuvng 
taat, ^ ^ tsaap shiuik: 
versed in the Classics, §« 

^ ^? 3^ '^"''^ tsaap 7i:fn<7 
niun: versed in ancient lore, 

im.^ '"'"'* ^'^^^'■' versed 
sine, JI2 ;^ fAe/2^ S7<'i. 



A^'ersification, >^fe ^ ;^ ^ 
/so/i* shi chi Bzc', 1^ ^ 
tsok shi. 

Versifier, ^^fj^ tsoli s/ii 
''■he, \^ ^ ^ tsoh? koh 
die. 

Versify, ^^^ tsok' shi, f^ 
S# yum .vA/, g{|r .f.^ 1^ 
7^0/ /.so/i: 6///. 

Version, (a) ^[i^^- faan- 
y\k-sht/e, (more than one) 
^ 1^^ ch'imng-vik; an- 
other version, l^t^^jsj 
sill han"" 'm t'njing: a new 

version, ^fS^l^ ^^'^* 
yik ke shue. 
Vertebra?, ^»^ Asf/i;' kin/f, 

*p|* ^se^ lenng k/cuf; 
cervical vertebne, ^-fi »^ 



,- c 



-,> 



Z'f;?(7 /'ft'?// fsit ; dorsal 
vetebr^e, ^ # # IS 
2Woi^ tsek kici/i fsit': Inrabar 
vertebrae, |^ *^' '^jj i?< 
/c^fwi tsit . 
Vertebral, ^ »B* UjJ ^sf/i;' 
kf'ut fi; vertel)ral column, 
^^^ tsek^ kn-ut ch'ue. 



YER 



706 



TE8 



Yertebrate, ^ ^ ^* 'y^'" 
fs'^k' k/nif; vertebrate 
animals, 7^^ ^ ^^ ^ 
^ydii tspJc^ chi k'lun shau^. 

Yertex, )^ feng; the vertex 
of a cone, ^II JS fsim 
teng; the vertex of an 
angle, ^ jM hol^ '^tong. 

Yertical, (.to be) |f^ ^ TI 
^^ ^Aa i tin-^teng-shuf^, jM 
^ te7ig-t'in\ the vertical 
sun, Q^^;\^^ yat tsoi^ 
^'m svm\ a vertical line, [^ 

lia f/^/ sill ; a vertical 

plane, j^p^ tsiiung min ; 

a vertical axis, j[£l^ cJieng 
^^^i^9-> IH^ (hmg rJi.au. 
Vertically, ^ ^ XB ^^^^ 

t'in teng, ^ _J2 tsoi' 

shell ng . 
Yertigo, ^ '^^ t'au-wun', 

(wun), ^ ^ ^ /««^' 

fan wun^ (icua). 
Yervain, (Verbena officinalis), 

ill ^ ]^ ^n-a j^wi Vs'o. 
Yesicant, :4£ ^ ^ ^ '^Z"' 

^/artz^ 7r() yeuk. 



Yeaicace, ^ ^ Vi* p'-aau. 

Yery, "^ '^ shat-'^sAi'/i/., ^^ 
^^ shat-tsoi , -|- /^ 
shap-/"«/?, jtf %, g; 
shum , ^ /"v/r//' ;|^ kek; 
do yonr very best, {lit., if 
yon cannot carve a snow- 
yoose, it may be a duck), 

hak kuuk pat eheng sbeung' 
lui' rao'; very bad, ^^ 
ok luet ; vei-y many, fWi 
^^ laun toll: he speaks 
very well, tB^^M'AiJtf 
k'ueVco/?^ wa' laan^ ( laan) 
ho; very easy work, 4^ 

kaunij foo; very best, J£ 
F|1 ^ — • maan' chuunfj mo 
y/a/; very inferior, )|^ M 
^^ZL ^^^(^^f- "" tai i^; very 
hard ^|| 5}$ B^ ngaang' 
paang paany; very coarse, 

very much like ic, ^^ ^fp| 

tS HK ^ lui' "^ts'ze 'k'ue 

ko)n "^yeung; very insipid. 



VER 



707 



VES 



the very kst, ^ ^ 
chuung moot, ^ ^ 
sh'.tat mi; reduced to a 

very few, itSj^^'^a'^' 
sluiiik liii liii; he reads 
very distinctly, fj 19 fn 

Vv ffJ ff'l ^""'^ ^^^ '^"^ 
leng li -li'; very tight, .^ 

WiWi '^^^'^ »inang manng, 
very different, ^ [ifr] JlJ 
chaang ti io\ ^ f§ jj 
ch'n tak iien; differ very 
BliLd.tly, #:flflte[=( (h^a 



a 'm t'niinjj; very wrong 

'JX.M.fi^ taai' ch'a tnh 
chUi; very little, A/* g^ 
^sA/j( V/?/<'; very many, g^ 
^ V/?/(9 toh\ very injnrioup, 

frt/c yan ^ho Puuk ke^; very 
heavy, ^^^ i'""?* ^«<;«' 
ch'uung; very cold, '^^ 
*^laang t'it^ t-i? {Ht t'if); 
very insolent, ^ Jg A 
Jti sze yan; very generous, 

■ff:kBlM. '^'' taai to' 
leniig ; very intimate, ^ 
(fi'cn it; the very 



finest, j^ 1^ mill' tsuet; 
the very first on the list 
for promotion, f^' -^ ^ 
^11 chuii/i sin put ^[»o; a 
very little, ^''j^^ ^shiu 
'shin ti ; the very best, ]"§ 
^^' 'teng 'ho, ^ ^ ^ 
icai shat Ao: not very 
similar, P§- ^ 1^ 'm ^oA 
'ts'ze; very dark, ,^P^p£ 
ort mnng mang; very smart, 
JH 4l Ve/i^ /6v"yM; a very 
brave man, f^^"^ ^'^vai 
naam ^fsz^; not very far, 

^ ^ 5S ^'"° ^'^^ ^"^"• 
Vesicle, ^^ 0^ paau-^fsai. 

Vessel, (sacrificial^i ^^^ JflL 
/ii'-*^meng, (ship) ^ sluien; 
a foreign rigged sailing 
vessel, ^^ ^ haap 
paon shnen; a blood vessel, 

vessel sank, and turned 

keel up. 'iX j55 ^1> ^ 

ch'um shuen p^uuk '^hoi. 



YES 



708 



VET 



Vest, (a) ^<\]i» ^W-sm;»; ^ 'lo lin' chi pe^ig, 
to vest with power, :^f|| ^^ -^ shiiiik shan chi 
shau' k'licn, ^^ As'sc' j 'peng. 
k'uen; the power vested j Veterinary, ^ g fA'?«/7t; t. 

Veto, #ll:;2|i /•^'^'"' ''-^^ 
chi k'aeii, /|^ *^ 'm 
chuun. 
Vex iaSg 

faau-'^in, 
(irritate) 



in me, ^^fi^^Z, 

ngoh filioJi yan r/i/ k'uen, 

r/i.* k'uen; vest-id rights, 

k'uen. 

Vested estate, "^ ^ shat-ip 
Vestibule, ^'^ f/i'«^m t'ong. 
Vestige, ^^^ 5/Jt-lian, ^ 

i^JR han-^s/Zc; not a vestige, 

flS J^ ^ '^0 yeng /.vj7;; 

no vestige left, ]^^ >^ ^ 

S/J\ j'^'^ km ne fc//;;. 
Vestment, ^^^ i funk, ;^ 

^ i shfcung, ;ir[^^;^ ngoi' 

shaam. , 



naau, >j^ ^ 



a, naan-wai, 



Siaau .«?^»/, 5^ '^^ fcfl 
Paai) ; he vexes nio, iH^ 
""f^ ^ '''^^^ /i:^t'rt/i ngoh; 
to vox one s life out, it^ 

^ 'loh meng'. 
Vexation, ^^ ^^ %n no', 

^] lllfi '''^^'"^ '^'^^'^5 vexation 
of mind, ^ j\][j) foo sum; 
to snap the fingers in 
vexation, ^^ ^^ ^ ^chl 
t'aan ^>rt/?.^. 



Veteran, y^ ^ lo-'^shau, Vexatious, 'j^ faan; vexatious 



^ ^ g] ^^-'chw-'^hoo, 

ts'ong lo, "^^ ^lo /sc>»f/: 
veteran soldiers, ;^ ^^J "^ 



hiws, »j^ ^f ;g j^ faan 
/io7t f/u' /rtrti : vexatious 
government, ^- J^ hoJi 
cJieng^. 



VI B 



709 



VIC 



Vexed, j^ P^ faiin-moon , 

im-moon, *l^ ^^ ch'an 
cheiDig ; a little vexed, — < 
|p6^^ yrt^ ^/w; ?u^ fail, 

Via, I^JC io\ $^ Jg 7:,;,^ 
7i;?/'oA , via San Francisco, 

$1 3ia s ^ oj ^'^''.^ 

A;?roA kau' hum shaan. 
Vial, /J>»^J{l:iS|: 'siu-2}on- 

W-tsuiax. 
Viands, ^^ ngaau-cbaan , 

•^^ shik mat. 
Vibrate, ^^ m-yuuJc, ^ 

^/j ^j'r/<^^/-tuung , (quiver) 

Vibration, ^ ||^ c/ian 
tuuug', ^^ iu V^««; 
the vibration of a string, 



tuuug 



Vibratory, ^ u|/j p^ cA(?n' 

tuung ^/. 
Vibnrnum Odoratissimum, ^J 

]^^ sArta?? 00 shue'. 



Vicar, f^gi^- toi' 'li 'che, 

d^gifj niiiuk sre. 
Vicar-(;eneral, j^^^^^^ 

''tsiiung Jcaani niiiiik S2i^. 
Vicarions, f^^ J§ pJJ) toi' 'li 

i', ^^^ '«bue //, gy /bo\ 

^ pai'-peng'; secret vice, 
^ ^ S2e pai\ ^ nik; 
aliaiidon one's self to vice, 

tsaap; every kind of vice, 

0/i; pai . 
Vice, (a tool) ^ g^ 0: 

io-' shue-*kaap . 
Vice, Mil foo ; Vice-admiral, 



■> c 



ss:? t'ai tuu/c; Vice-president, 
MiiM foo 'fsiiung % 
Vice-president of a Board, 
^ -^P Shi' long, ^, ^ 
po'' ueu ; Vice-president of 
the Board of Civil Ofhce, 
A/" ^ shin ^/soi; Vice- 
president of the Board of 
Revenue, .^ ^^ ^^ shiu 
sze t'o; Vice-president of 



45 



VIC 



710 



VI (J 



tl'.e Bdiivtl of Ceremonies, 
A^ ^ Ah Khiu tsuiin// 
paali'; A' ice-president of 
the Board of "War, A/* ^ 
^ f/iiii i<zp '■niii; Vice- 
|)residcut of the Bonrd of 
Punishments, A/" "oj 7^ 
shiu sze k'^au ; Vice- 
president of the Board of 
Works, ^ ^ ^ shin 
sze huunq\ Vi(v'-;i(]inii"!ilty, 

^shui sze t'ai tin(k shiie; 

Vice-chancellor, g|] ^ g^ 

foo ''chfiiitig ut n , 



^y 



00 



^rheung ueii ; literary Vice- 

Chancellor, gjj ^ % fi 

tsiiung sze. 
Vice-Consul, Mil ^ ^- 'g" 

foo ^leng sze hoon. 
Vice-Repent, :fg -f^^ Jg 

jEj^ '^ ^ k'ueu toi 

shi cheng^ sze che. 
Viceroy, ^jl''^ ^tsuung -tunic, 

"SlU cAi'-t^oi. 
Vice-versa, |^ Jjfe ffl K 

luun lau sewig '^faan. 



Vicinity. ^ |^ kan'-f/i'?/^', 
^S^ ^^ '^i""i '^'I'l ; villaj>-es 
in the vicinity, ^j$ ^ 
luun hriDif/. 

Vicious, ^{[^fe Inning waang, 



k'woiig niong, 



•5 



^:^ 



hok waai ; a vicious 
liorse, ^^ ^ Inot' Sin; 
vicious apj)etite, -^ |^ 
shik z?'^/"; leai'n vicious 
ways, ^ ^ tsaap S'm; 
the vicious world, ^X ^^ 
huung ch'an, ^^ [Ih ch'aii 
shai , \^ ^ laan ch'an; 
vicious conduct, ^ ^^ 

Viciously, Vt!.^^ Inning olc^. 
Viciousness, J^ ^, ^l ft 

huung ok rhi seng . 
Vicissitude, J^^ hang -pin . 
Victim, ^^ shiang, "^ 

^^'' S W ^ ^^^^"' ^^^^' 
Vie; kill the victims, lf|j 

^4-. ye"o slifiang; spotless 

victims, ^'J^ hi shaang. 

Victimize, '^ -^^ ^ /o??<7'- 

ngau-^s/^«l^. 



VIC 



711 



Vlh 



Victor, :f ff ^^ M'^ shf>ng* 

'rite. 
Viotorv, ^^ ^& \v()k-.vA^v//7 , 
# !^ /^/.-vArv;/, (a) ^ 
— |i^ yeiig-//r;/-chai) ; lo 
jj^aiti the victory, "^ 
*W^ Vrt sheng^ clu'ii:.- 
ceklirate a victory, ^;, 
/sa« ^/(^/; annouiict.; a 

3 



shi', =^ 



victory, ^-R;^ /''>' tsit 

Victoriou!>, mj^ f^ chin 

she)iff^, f§ ^ /''/c s/ie^/; 

to come out victorious, ^ 

.Si j^ yeng twoif/ to': a 

victorious army, ^j^]y^^ 

^^ .sA^;j^ tek fhi Icicun, 

^^ F|f /^/' f<hcHg' kirun. 

Victoriously, K[f, A^>/; to 

return victoriously, n/l jfe 

%oi suen. 

Victuals, -^^ -^ faan'-shik, 

|g faan'. ^ shik, p ^ 

V<rr.-< leuns;; to victual a 

s^iP' M /!& f^ :i^ P-'an' 
sbnen fuh' s'lik. 
Victualler, fdt f>^ ;^ ^ 
kimng foh shik Vie. 



Vide, ^ hohii 

Videlicet, gj] ^ /.v/7^ bai', 

Vie, I^J /^/;<', ^4? 5t f'i^'«"^- 
.<?/■//; to vie with each other, 
;;j?|^^ f;mnig cluiang. 

View, (to) Ijf, ^ 'Nu-hui\ 
^^ hohn'-lcin, (a) 3^ 
^ hwong-'hong, -gl =g^ 
/re/?^ f/ii ; views (in sense 
of opinions), ^^ '' /'<'* ; 
a beautiful view, -^ -S* 
/■rt«i 'kcng\ my view, ;^ 
^C:* J'^oon sum, g j|^> 
leung 5?///i; each has his 
own views, ^ A ^ ^ 
A'oZ; van hole kin ; a liue 
view, ^ !^^ Sni ^oo«; a 
partial view {lit, to look 
at the sky through a tube) 

k'-ivai tin; each maintains 
bis own view, ig. ^ ^ 
g^ Z-o/c Vau ^<a luun'; 
renounced bis private views, 
^ ^ S ^i V'^d tBuet 



YIG 



712 



VIL 



Vigil, ^§ ^seng ; New Year's 
vigil, Ti^^ '^shau sui . 

Vigilance, i^ gj t'ai fong; 
vigilance officer, P^^ -^ 
shaau ''chcwig. 

Vigorous, ^f:-^ f^o??^'-kin' 
|g fl£ faat' ^^ong^ Jgft 
k'eung Bzc^ ^ ;|g ^ 
^yau A'aw ^'e, -^ 4^ kaai 
Jcaai, ^j: Q£ chong^ wong'; 
vigorous style, v^ ^^ 
nuung j/co^'; vigorous in 
blood and breath, ».c., 
sound in wind and limb, 



sr weng wai ; a 
vigorous attack, "^ j^ 
lik kuung. 
Vigorously, "^ lik; to attack 
vigorously, -)] -J^ lik 
Jcuung; spreading daily 



more vigorously, 
P "^ maau maan'' yat 



mau . 



Vigour, -fj ^ lik-leung\ 
7^ }[l$ ^'s/n^-shan; con- 
stitutional vigour, ^ ^ 
"ft taan t'in lik; the 



a 



physical powers are full of 
vigour, JSL^;$^B] liuei' 
hP fong kong; of great 
vigour, --^ ^ taai lik; 
vigour of mind, jj^^ ^ 
sn^n lik. 
Vile, II V^'«z^, ^ olc\ 
(mean) ~]\ ^ ha -tain , 
ooi, ^|g i;^ ooi, {g 
laam ts'aam, .^ Y% 
pi 00, |J|^ ^ lau' h(et\ 
H ^ '^'^'"w oJc^; vile 
language, ^ ^ oh' in; 
drift with them into vile 
babits, 1^ j^ ^ Vf 
tuung lau hop oo; given 
to every vile practice, ^^ 
^^.^ »/7^ i^c o/;; tsaap; 

a vile set, H ^^ "^fA'^w 
lui ; a vile disposition, 

SI If- ^ ''^"'' p'i '"'; a 

vile stench, ^ "^ "^ 
^f7i'«i< hang hang. 
Yileness, ^ ^^ 2^^ ^o; this 
vileness and filth are un- 
endurable, yi^ ^^ ]^ 
00 ^m^ (^xi horn. 



YIL 



713 



VIL 




ircii-)rong , 



§ ymilv iim', yi^" \^ 



00 



inuati 



Villa, ^ij ^^ pit shiie 
(^sne), yij^ pit chong. 

Villag;e, '^^ j^ hmng-ts'iien^ 
ff5'7; heuag.*\v^, (a) ^ 

hcung fong, jjjnj* ^ /.s'«<en 
lok, ?|^-^ ts'Hcn '^tsze; a 
village elder, i^ j^ ^ 
cheung^ w hrung, ^^ yj^ 

w %, f5 #: :^ ^ 

hcung ''yum taai^ /j?///, S^ 
^ yup ho. ^1^:^ A^«/^^ 
^lo; gone away to his 

village, ^[^f PT» 'A'f''^ 
/ji«^ lining *ha ; a village 

b»l'y' ± M 'f'o ho; 
village gentry, ^ ^^^ 
heung sitan; my native 
village, -^ ^p /i;oo' hmng; 
village records, ^ |g 
hcung 7>'fl; villages and 
hamlets, ^^^^ hcung tsue ; 
a village guide, ^^ jM! 
Ac?m^ to ; a market village, 
>|m1*^ ^s'i<m /i<(^; villages 



and farmf?teads, j^ ^J 
/s'«r/i chong; raise the 
village gates, (/.c, succeed at 
tho Knc Yin examination), 
^^f^ A;z<e heung wai; 
your good, careful people 
of the villages, (said of 
those who readily assent 
to everything), ^ Jg 
heung ueii\ 
Villager, ^ \ heung yan; 
fellow villagers, |^ ^ 
tniung heung: even a 
villager who had a regard 
for himself would not do 
such a thing, ^P ^ g 

^ ^ 7 S ^^'"'»^ ^^^9 
tsze /io '^che pat wai. 

Villain, -^^^ Jc/cong-Jcmm , 
^^ tuuk '5/m?^ ^fp 

a mosquitoe's proboscis), 
^ -^ lui' ybo; villains 
and traitors, ^ ^ /ca^n 
''kivai: a good-looking 
villain (/lY., a gilded crab), 
^^ t/i'(' 7;z«?i ''haai. 



VIN 



714 



VIN 



Villainous, M i|\ liak-siim, 
^^ A;woi- /.t/rt M, (nglj) 

tuuk. 
Villainy, ^ >g ^A'^nt ok"-, 
see tiirouuli his villainy, 

k'i /vw». 

Vindicate. -^ |^ '^po-oo, 
^^ V'""P^^^' (avenge) 
^Rt^ j"" -ch'au ; to vindi- 
cate the truth, ^ ^ Wi 
^/r/M k'i chan ; to vindicate 
a wrong, 'f^^a sAfl/? 7/e«. 

A'indictive, ^J^^f/^ Ao' joo' 
ch'au. 

Vine, ^^ j^ j^\ p'o-t'ai- 
shue,^ ^ ^ p'o-t'o. 

Vine-clad, g ^^f ^^ j^ 
k'oi^ ^i p'o t'o Bhue\ 

A^'inegar, @g /sv/ ; vinegar 
grains, (of spiked millet), 

clear vinegar, Q Bg 
paak ts^o ; dark, /.i?., red 
vinegar, ^ |g Ar/^ is'o' ; 
the best vinegar, 0^ gg 
^0 ^s'o ; dress in vinegar, 



gg ^fji ts'o^ peon' ; sip 
vinegar (said of bickering 
between wife and con- 
cubine), -^ Qg shik ts^o^, 

PlPla ^'^^"/'' ^''*'^''' ^^^ ginger 
and vinegar (/.?., have a 
(-'liild), p£ ^ IS ,jaak' 
keung ts'-fi^ ; if he makes 
vinegar it is not sour 
(said of an incompetent), 
fcBaPg^tso'^sV^m 
suen ; drop in more salt 
and vinegar {i.e., treat 
him more strictly), f^H^ 
^ Ig lok a im ts'o' ; 
sediment of vinegar, ^ 
g^-^ /«'(/' vha ^Iszp ; aro- 
matic vinegar, ^J |g 
iieimy ts'o^. 

Vinery, ^ ^ ;f|.j Jg ^ 
p*o t'o shue Snien fong. 

Vineyard, ^ ^ ^ p'o t'o 
uen. 

Vintage, l|^ f l) |( ^ 
^ gi 67^a?< /:o/i^ p'o t'o 
kc shi. 

Vintner, '^ ^ ^ ~^sau 
ka ^po. 



Vlo 



715 



YIO 



Viol, -J^ ^J ^ limk ill 

k'um. 
Viola, ^t M M '^'^^ •'''' 



3»t' /vri 



lililll. 



Violate, :j|I fivau', (defile) yij- 
^ oo-ymk, /^ J^ leng 
junk ; violate confidence, 

M ^ Mi •'^'/'''"»// \^'oh 
//j'; violate your mother! 

(coarse English, f your 

mother! an abominable and 
filthy expression that is 
moftt frequently used, and 
often embellished with 
additions and variations 
of a revolting crudeness) 

ji f* 5S M '^'" '"i «' 

ma ; to violate an agree- 
ment, ^ ^^ 2JOoi yeuk ; 
to violate the law of 
nations, :^[Jj ^ ^ faan 
Icuung faai\ ^ -^ ^ 
•^ ^ ^^^' maan /;wyyt' 
kvung fiutt ; to violate a 
woman, ^^ »^ k'eung 
yum, ^^«^ k"eung tuet ; 
^ k'eung /i;af//i ; to 



«1. 

violate the sanctity of 



private nglits, ^i|i f^ 
k'eung hang. 
Violation, ^H faan , ^ wai, 
"W* pool ; the violuLiuu of 

^ '^^^^ 4IL S^#- f'^^>^' 

f(iat chi !>ze . 

Violence, ^ig k'eung, (to use) 
55g 'k'eung, ^^huung 
shai ; do violence to one's 
nature, to throw one's self 
away (said of those who 
have ability, but who are 
'i^zy), @ ^ @ ^ tsze' 
po tsze /li ; resort to 
violence, '^Jj ^^^ tuung' 
ts^o ; to take by violence, 
5S ]^ k'eung ^ts-iie ; to 
rob witli violence, ^^ j^l] 
k'eung /a;>'; to beg with 
violence, ^^^ ^ k'eung 
hat. 

Violent, JJ^^li 'maang-lit, 

^ ^ ^•'''^' P^^ (*-^-» 
owl-like conduct) ^i^ ^g 

vhevng ; vuilcnt poison, 
^^ shum tuuk; violent 
temper, g <|4 Snaang 



YIR 



716 



VIR 



Ijm 



seng ; to meet a violent 
end, ^^ pi' shaat\ ^ 
^^ ts'aan shaat ; a 
violent fire, ^l| *J^ lit 
'/oh. 

Violently, ^^ k'eung, |j^ 
maang ; act violently, |fi 
^ r//i rheioif/. 

Violet, :^ f I M V.s.~^-loh- 
laan, ® ^^ kan-ts^oi , 

^ ^ ^/-^^^ ^''"^ ^ fi 

Violin, gg ?5 1^ ^ .^2.^- 

in-ngok-A/ . 
Violinist, ^la^^^ t'aaii in 

Violoncello, 'Cello, ^ ^g 

taai in. 
Viper, ^ ^ tuuk-shc, 'g^ 

■^ ^ faan'-8lii-t'aii. 
^•r^go? ^ ^ o/£'-*p'ob, 
^ '^ ^ ^ ^'" raaan 

ying lit Z;e nue. 
Virgin, ^ ;^ t'uung-Snie, 
^ ch'-iie- wxxQ, "^^ 



fining nue, (bought as 
a concubine) |^ ^ 
ih'-iie ts'-ip* ; the Taoist 
and Buddhist Blessed Vir- 
gin, (the Goddess of 
Mercy), t| ^ ^^ |i 
koon yum p'o saa^-^ virgin 

^°*'' ^ ^ *^'^ yeuDg, 
^ Ji) N^yi t'in ; virgin 
chastity, ^ '^ rAm^ 
kit\ 
Virility, ^ jjj^ uen-shan ; 
loss of virility, [J^ jQ 

Virtual, p]' ]|^ AoA nang, 

'1^ ^^. ^^^ k'uen ; 
virtual heat, ^ "/t it 
lik ; virtual velocity, "^ 

Wj ^ ^ ^^^"« *^"""g' 

fAi lik. 

Virtually, S cAi/n, ^ shat. 

Virtue, ^i§\ak, ^^ ^g 
shuuk ^f//;; ; examples of 
virtue, ^ 1^^ fong 
tsuung ; reputation of 
virtue, ^^ fong meng ; 
the virtue of the medicine 
is efficacious, ^|| H[t ^ 



VI R 



717 



YIR 



^ yeuk lik huung liaau ; 
lost her virtue, -^ ^ 
shat ahan ; virtue and 
wickedness are bfird to 
distinguish, ^ ^ 1^^" 
leung ^rtflji naan fun ; 
constant virtue, — • i^ 
ya^ /aA; ; the three virtues 
(probity, strong govern- 
ment, mild government), 
^ -^^ saam talc ; incite 
to virtue, ^|^ tok ink ; 
virtue and vice (Jit, lustre 
and flaw), ^ J^ ue ha ; 
peace and virtue, 2E1 ^. 



uen'; sincere virtue, ^^ 
— . fiilc //at ; virtue is the 
foundation of happiness, ■ 

fi © SI s f"^' ^^ai 

fuuk ki ; the path of 
virtue, ^%:^^^au 
tak clii lo ; eulogy on a I 
person's virtue, g^ 'y^ \ 
loi mnn ; the five constant 
virtues, ^*^ ng sheung. 



Virtuoso, ^* j^ t^J ^ 0* 
mi shuut chr, j^f "i" ^^ 
Ao /foo ka. 

Virtuous, ^iM /a/:, ife shin', 
^ leung, Jl^ ^^ r/<m^ 
/i;e;«^ ; a virtuous man, 
^^ shin' yan ; virtuous 
acts, ^M ^ tak hang, 
^^ shin' hang ; honour 
and esteem the virtuous, 
^ 'm'^^ ^^ tsuen kivai 
yau ^rt/j ; virtuous women 
1^ ^ ^*^'''^* ^'it7<n ; the 
virtuous, ^fg:^:?^ to' 
ifaA; cAt j^wot ; esteem the 
virtuous, -jp^ ^^^ sheung 
to/;; ; a virtuous disposition, 
;gi|^> leung s«<m, g '[^ 
leung S6?*^', f^^ f4 /a^ 

Virtuously, ^^ taA', ^ shin'; 
virtuously careful. ;^ ^^ 
shuuk shan'; they sought 
to act virtuously, and they 
did SO; what was there for 
them to repine about ? }^ 



VIS 



718 



YIS 



k'au van i t<i/c jaii yau 
Virulent, ^^ ^ slinm-tiiuk, 

i^ 7^ ^'^"^'^ ^^'"^^ ' ''^ 

virulent disease, ^ 3^ 
kifp cheng ; a virulent 



poison, ^ ^ ok' tuuk, 
^ ^ sluini tuuk. 

Virus, ^ ;|;j^ tuuk /can ; 
the virus of small pox, 
^^ ^ tau' tuuk. 

Visage, ^ ^ min' muuk ; 
a sour visage, ^ ^ Tbo 
min . 

Viscera, Jj^ tsong', ^i^p y^c; ; 
the five viscera (heart, 
liver, stomach, lungs, and 
kidneys), i ij^ 'ng I 
tsong ; the six hollo\# 
viscera (stomach, intestines 
large and small, gall- 
bladder, urinary bladder, 
and the three imaginary 
passages called ^ tsiu) 
■^ ^ luuk 'foo. 



Viscid, ^ {J0v| kaau ti ; 
viscid juices of plants, 
^ it 'yni chvjK 

Viscount, -^ fszp ; the 
rank or title of Viscount 
(the 4th rank of hereditary 
nobility), ^ g' 'tsze 
tseuk . 

Viscountess, -^ "^ -^ K 
fsze tseuk foo yan. 

Visible, ^^^ 'yau-yeng- 

shik ; visible to all, ^ 

@ ^ ^ chming^ muuk 

Visibly, ^^ |J{t meng in, 
IS ^ "^Ai/i in. 

Vision, (faculty) |g "g- 

ngaan-Zcor)/?, (a) S'j^ i'- 

tseung ; dim vision, 



ngaan muung, 

•> > 
man mau . 



Visionary, 
c 



senng, ^ 



vung - 

muung mi chi sze' ; 
visionary schemes, {lit., 
dredge up the moon from 



VIS 



719 



VIS 



the bottotn of tin- water), 

* m w- M '■■'""' ''«' 

lau net. 
Visit, ^ ^ t'aain-hin, 

^ ^"^^' tr )|® ^''^".^" ''ai, 

/sart/(. A'//? ; to visit with 
a present, ^ ^ f^t 
A;m ; only came to visit 

him,^ pg # pj; ig B| 

mun ban 'ha k'ue cAr^ 
visit a superior, ^^ it 
kin ; visit a friend, ^^ 
paai it , ^^ ^ l^ara 
yau, ^ ^ paai' haak , 

^ ^ ^ ^'^'^'"' P'^''^"^ 
'yan ; your visit, jf^ [^ 

kivong kong , ~J^ j^ ha' 

A-rt??<7 ; your visit to my 

humble dwelling, -^ ^ 

^ -^ ku'ong luni mau 

.s'A^ ; oflRcially visit a place, 

ig.^ leuk ti'; I shall be 

delighted with your visit, 

# ^ ^ 3£ ^^"g' inat 
luun ynuk ; a ceremonial 
visit, 1^ -^ paax oo\; 
u new-year's visit, ^ dEE 



/YWi iiin; rttuiii u visit, 
fej ^ ooi i>aai\ jg ^ 
waan //^/(U : (u wife) visit- 
ing hu- pareiiLs, ^' |g^ 
.sr/j^ is'- an ; decline a 
visit, }^ .;^ to' Artc^/c', 



^^^ '^toaij ka'^; a bride's 
tirst visit to her parents, 
[eJ P^ ooi moon ; visit 
and make friends, ^ "^ 
2)aai ooi . 
Visiting-card, i^ jj^ meug- 

Visitor, K ^1 ysLii-haak , 
(a lady) ^ ^ t'ong- 
'■'haak ; attention paid to 
a visitor, ^ ^^ /ta«A;' 
^'o'; detain a visitor, -gjj^ 
ig, /<// //«a/i; ; visitors' 
registry (in a Yamun), 

gE M ^^' ^^"^5 ^° 
receive visitors, ^ ^^ 

in pun ; announce a 

visitor, ^^ 3^ po^ it^, i^f 

^& j^ ^ta wan ^paan ; 

a visitors' room, g^ -^ 

i/ .sAc ; decline a visitor, 

^ tse haak ; receive 



VIT 



720 



VIT 



and see a visitor, -^ >^ 
liaak ; feast and 



ooi 



entertani visitors, Ax\t W 
^ igr m 001 jjj/n Afl'a/i: ; 
the visitor tips the 'boy', 

hoh yan ^fr«/i;^ ^sheung toi 
ZjoA 8ze ^sa/. 



Vital, 



sejig -meng , 



14^ 



Icivaan- 



m 



kwaan. 
Vitality, yQ ^ uon hi , 
3fg jji$ f-^f'iig shan, ^ 
^ chi' li ; the source of 
vitality, ^ -|^ hi^ Sno ; 
the seat of vitality, -^ 
P^ meng' moon ; the 
vitality of heaven as 
located in the sun, 3^ ^ 
jjjjft ^'t/i chi shan ; the 
vitality of man as located 
in the eye, A ^ SW 
yan chi shan ; the vitality 
of the soul, ^ ^ wan 



hi . 

Vitally, 
c 



r^t 



Jean ill . 



Vitals, '^ P^ meng'-moon ; 
to attack the. vitals, "J^ 
^ f^ Jamng meng' 
moon. 
Vitiate, ^^^ cheng-\va.a,i ; 
to vitiate the taste, ^ ^^ 
paai mi ; vitiated manners, 
^ j§, ts'e tsuuk, ^J JU, 
t'ui fining ; a vitiated 
doctrine, ^^ ts'e Icaau . 

Vitreous, ^ J[fj |j|^ jwA li 
ti ; the vitreous humour, 
~i^-^y}C taai fong s/im"; 
vitreous substance, ^ J^ 
i^ ^w/i li mat. 

Vitrify, ^^^^ pin 
sheng M li, -ft: @ gj 
J^ fa wai jt^fjA li. 

Vitriol, (blue) |§^ /!artm- 
faan : to destroy the eye- 
sight by vitriol or other 
acid, ]^]"JB^ ip' maang 
""ngaan ; green vitriol, ^ 
^ lunk faan. 

Vituperate, q"^ b ma 



VIX 



721 



voc 



Vituperative, ^ i| P^ 
chank ma' // ; vitiiptTitive 
language, -g- ^ j^ ^ 
li ma chi 'ue. 

Vivacious ) ,^ ,_ , 

a vivacious temperament, 

se;/y ; vivid colours, ^ 
^ fe'o?' s/aA; ; vivid 



green, |^ ^ s»Vi luuk ; 

vivid blue, ^ ^ Vam 

laam. 
Vivify, -^ ^ '^shai cot ; 

vivify a corpse by magic, 
P*^ shi kaai. 
Vivisection, ^ ^jj shaang 

koht^ |gr glj cot hohL 
Viviparous, ^ ^ ^*o«- 

shang. 
Vixen, ^jaJ^MtK 00 ^i '°^' 

E *i ^^^' ^foo, ^ :^ 

ok uue. 
Vocable, ^ in, ^ tsze'. 



rrrrr C 



PB 



ue. 



Vocabulary, yj> ^ ^ siu 

tsze lui (lui ). 
Vocal, p ^ hau-yum. 



Vocalist, ^ P^ ^ /.v^j/n^ 
ch^eung chr. 

Vocalize, -gg ffi # 's^<«* 

ch^Hut gum. 
Vocally, Ja P ^ 'i 'Aau 

I Vocation, ^. ^^ sze'-ip. 

I Vociferate, pg (^ huen-iva, 

Pg Pj,* ts'o-'f-/i-ar;«. 

Vociferation, ^^ r^'a ^5*0'. 

Vogue, fff ^ 'shi-Voon; 

it is not in vogue here, 

'm A^^/i^ 'k'ue; to be in 
vogue, ^g fl /'uw?^ hang, 
'n'Q$I^ hop shi sheung\ 
Voice, ^ sheng, ^L ^ 
sheng-hi^; lost his voice, 
^ P^ « hau ; cracked 
voice, :9T ^ S ch'aalc 
ch^aak sheng ; angry voice, 
^ ^ 5ft^»// /:«« ; recite 
the liturgy in a clear 
voice, g9KJj|i$l 'long 

long tsuuug kcng ; pro- 
claim by voice, p *^ 

liau suen ; shouts at the 
top of his voice, ^ ^ 



vol 



•>•> 



VOL 



H^JtM- Ico HJimg taai Uu ; 
the voice, of the people is 
the voice of ,<:o(l, ^ j|*> 

lil-i ^ 'll^ '""" ''"""^ ^'^"''^ 

j[)@ /'//« shi tsze. iigoh 
imiii shi ; a goose-like 
voice (/>., a deep voice), 

/ww .v//f/?7 ; a voice like 
a bull, ^ py* )^ iii^^au 

loom sheiig ; 1 li.ive no 
voice ill the matter, p^ 
Wi^^^^ 'm kwaan sJcip' 

II ' .li ; imitate \wy voice, 

SS ft ^ P p '^-« 

siiiic i)t>"oli ////// /;o/?(7. 
Void, ^ huung : void of 
sense, ^ "^ K mo i' 
52^': void of reason, ^ 
^ mo li ; void of truth, 

proc>t, ^ >.^ |§ mo 
p'aiig kn . 
Voatile, -f^ ^ lUc '^«'-^- 

i' ?n''? ; a volar ik' Iminour, 



Volatilize, ^ ^ ^ fa 
sheng ///', -^1^^ Icng' 
.sf7 /it . 

Volcano, 4^ j_[j fdlc-sMdn ; 
a mild volcano. {J;j iJ^''^ 
»f^ [Jj f7i'2«<^ nai he ^foh 
shaan. 

Volition, /^:^ iC-nei^ i ^ 
13^ r/i/?^' I . 



rhiiinifj s/'u t.s'ei/nt/ ts'ai 
fo7ig ; fire a volley, "J^ 

— fitB 'i^fl Z""'^^' .'/^'^ ^"^"^ 
//'rtfl-// : a volley of laughter, 

— ^ ~h^ y-^^ ch'eung 
taai^ sla; a volley of 
applause, ^ ^ P^ 5^ 
ts'ai s/wn^' ^0^/ ^^s'oj ; a 
volley of abuse, — • i^ 
-4^ S yat ch'eung taai 

ma . 

Volt, ^ JJj ;f| S ^-^^^ 

tuung' lik ki. 
Volubility, yg p^ yau '^S2«, 

^ ;^ nga lik, jt ^ 

waat shit. 
Voluble, ylJ 1^ yau-'/5U». 



VOL 



723 



VOM 



Yolnmc, ^JC V""> 'nP P"'' 
[0 -^ "^lian taui'; Llie 
volmuc uf uiatler, l^j/j ^ 
^ A/* mat rlti ioh '^ahiu ; 
a volume oi smoke, — • 
I^ '}M 11"^ cliau^ in , a 
volume, — 2lS ^ l/^^^ 
^poon shuo ; a work or 
set of volumes, — • ^; ^* 
jjat t-(? shur, — ^'P fly 
f/at po shue. 

Voluminous, -^ taai , ^ 

'(^^^ fl^ ~/c A^'^^' taai'; 
this is ci voluminous, work, 



toh. 

Voluntarily, "^i|^\ Jcom-sum. 

Voluntary, 'ImJ^ Ls'eng-uen', 
t8*eng-Heu^-/;:t : a voluntary 
engagement, -^ i|^> ^± |^ 
Icom si/m kit ijeiik ; 
volunbiry contributions, 
*|^ il^> ^ ^ uet s?/w 
UHm L*ai, iM M lok t'ai. 



Volunteers, ^ ^JJ;; mnn- 
chong , ^^£c x^-ppng, (to 
raise rt'bi.l-j ;^ -^ Vn'-i\ 

_^ ^' mun /^y/.(7 ; 

volunteer to take the lead, 

■^1'f'_a ku ^fun vuung. 

Voluptuary,^ '^ ^jj ^- ^ 

{ /i:o-leung- As^e-tai'^. 

j Voluptuous, *^^ yiini im'. 

I Voniit, p|g 'a//, pt tli 5fe 
/y cW-uut l<»i ; vomit and 
spit out, P^ ftj^ "^^^ ^'(J''; 
to vomit blood, []^ JJJL 
V«/ Ai^ei;', it]: Jlil /■»' /'''^'/'; 
do yon vomii ': j^ ^^ 

tJt It B/6 '"^ V:i" '<'" 
""mo ??/ ; to vomit and 

PU''.?e» P^ *^ '^'" *^'- 
Vomitory, ^ Ug ug^ c/u' 

cm ti ; to take a vomitory 

medicine, "^ [][§ ^ shik 

^au yeuk. 

Voracious, -/^ ^ taai -shik, 



taai -shik-^T , 



y^ 



^i^ 



P §M ^^ "* ts'aan. 



t^aam- 



wai -sbik, 



VOT 



724 



VOY 



Voraciously, -^ pjj^ ^ taai 

taam tHm. 
Voracity, -^ -^ Paam shik. 
Vortex, 1^ ^J^C J\]l^ suen- 
shui-swn . 

Votary, ^f ff fS ^ ^'«' 
k'i 'fo 'che, 1^ ;\^^ ^ 
m^ ^ sheng sjoh fuung 
Shan 'die, j^ :t J$ ^ 
D^ "^s/ic s^«n lie mau ^i. 

Vote for, J^ V^we jp :^ 
uen - kite ; to vote for 
him, ^ j^t0^ ^^wen kue 
^k'ue ; to vote against 

him, fe =g :^ ^ ig 

t'au meng fat po Mc'ue ; 
a Avritten vote, :^ r::^ 
_^ 1§. t'au mens' cA/ 



^kue chi ch'au 



*art7i, 



to put to 
the vote, -^ ^ ]^ ^ 
t'au meng k'net sze ; a 
vote of thanks, ||| "^ 
tse in. 
Voter, j^^^ ^snen Vi 
'c7<e, ^^^ t'au men 



«/e 



cAe. 



Voucher, ^^ p'ang-/i:2«e , 



>u/ 



Vouchsafe, ^^ ^ yr/n 
chuwi, ^^ ^^ '^chuiiii 

^'0^' ilF U '^we-uen', ^ 
jp^ shai''-uen ; fulfil a 
vow, ^ JH waau uen'; 
under a vow of chastity, 

^5^ ji ^ V^aw t'uung 
fA«;?^ ; take the vow (as 
monk or nun), ^ 5|^ 
shau kaai . 

Vowel, @ # ;S ^ tsze' 
yum chi tsze\ 

Voyage, -^^ 'shui-\o\ ^^ 
^^ s/iz«'-ch'eng; to start 
on a voyage, ^ ^ hoi 
shuen p^ ^ hoi shan; 
to proceed on the voyage, 
^ ^ hang shuen; 
pleasant voyage, )l]^^ jfy 
^^ ghuun' fuung seung 
sinmg^; during the voyage, 

tT)^S F^ ^^'^og shuen chi 
kaan; to make a voyage to, 
^jlg'.i. taap shuen hue • 
Voyager, ff ^ ^ hang 
shuen V/tf. 



YUL 



725 



WAD 



Vulgar, ^ tsuuk. (low) fjf | Vulgate, |^ ^ ^ ^ 
dt sLi- txrng, ^ ^|^ j liiap ^7?y iniiii shomi bng. 
ooi V''\ Tfj*^ 'elii tsiuik, | Vtiliierablo, ^ f^ P^^ Ik a' 

iR ^ 'r^i j'oox\ ^ |Jg I /^/c //, Pl-^^flS^ ^A'^A 

7''i lan\ 2^ 'sT ,A^rai' ! shoimg hoi' //. 



slieung; vulgar expressions, i Vuliierarj', ^-/feUMj » .sAf//n^ 

/i; vulnerary herbs, -^ 
'^ ^ ^ » sheung eld 



^^~^ li in; vulgar accent, 
^ [^ .s/i/'/^^ Vf; vulgar 
and superficial, ^ ^ 
/s'm sim^; vulgar things 
do not satisfy the eye, 'j^ 



ts'O 



Vulpine, 3(jU Jg HgJ oo li ^/^ 
Vulture, §^ c/<m. 



ue. 



Vulgarism, Tf'^-f^^ ts'o tsuuk^ 

ffi -^ i: ^ ^^''^ tsuuk 

chi *^ue. 
Vulgarity, _^ jj/, ^ tsin', 

T ^2i{fc^ 1^^^' 1^"' a ^ 

'jo*t tsin . 
Vulgarize, ® ^ ffl -^ 
sAflt wai ts''o tsuuk. 



p'un 00 . 



^ ^ '^ § tsuuk mat Vulva, (of animals), ^ J^ 
pat \ie' nuiuk; vulgar talk, 

5tB. 1^ ^^'° "^"'"'^ ^ vulgar 
person, g|5^ y* foo, j^L 
•dU faan /b^?; a vulgar 
name, i^:^ tsuuk meng; 
vulgar Baying, f&^- tsuuk 



w 



^chue)i' 



Wabble, ^ ^ __. 
iak-sining. 

Wad, j/C ^ S '/''^^ J'^'^^ 

Wadded, ^f.ifj^ min-naap. 
Wadding, j^ :^ }^ min 

fa ])Hn . 

Waddle, Hj!^ rrp qft p]; 

?^<^'ha-^^<^'ha ^ J^ ;f ji; 
^leuDg-jotn-chaap; he wad- 
dles like a duck, "j^ ^^^ 

M ^ f® ^ '^'"^ ""^' 
S/ii t'ai kom hang. 



46 



WAG 



726 



WAG 



Wade, -^ ^ Tcaang -^shui; 
wade across the stream, 

kivoh' boh; to wade through 

an affair, ^_ '^ ^ ^li 

ship chi. 

Wader, '/^ 

Wafer, ^{^ )x 'foh-ts^at- 
fin, ^^-^ ^a<»(7 GO, 1^ 
sliaii V^'W^'j 



sAi);' che, j 



7 c 



Waffles, 5)^ fif 7caa])^-^peng. 

Waffle-irons, 3^ /f^ l# ^fe 
/on^' /wa/c' V^''^' ^^"P » 
ij^'I^S^ hohn ^^en^' hi . 

Waft, ii;^ 7^'m-lau. 

Wag, (a) ^ffi A '^«- 
ts^ue^-yau, (to) 



iu; to wag the tail, 
Jg| ^ P^^^ mi; to wag 
the tongue ^ ^ tiu' shit; 
to wag the head, ^ ^ 
iu t'au. 
Wage, ^ '/o, ^ ^ seww^ 
*^, ^ fong^', to wage war, 
S^J ~^ ^ tuung^ A;oAn 



Wager, ^^ Vo-^5'oi ; lose 
a wager, {lit., shake the 
corner of the mat), ^^]^ 
■^ yeung tsek kok ; to 
wager a dinner, 0^gg 
to ttiung fan. 

Wages, 32 ^ kmmg-'^'t^'-my 
T ^^ /i;2/!/;j^-*ngan, A^ 
X yan-hn/ng, ^ ^ 
s«n /i;i/m, ^ ^^ san 
fuung'; advance wages, ^■ 
^ oAn ka; deduct from 
one's wages, :;j^ X ® 
k^au^ kuvng ^'ngan; to pay 
wages, ^X^ ^^'^ killing 

iigan^ tti A X ''^'^^^ 
van kvung, Hj ^ ch^uut 

ngan; how much wages do 

you get a month ? — • 'jQ 

?/«i /c<?A uet if/^ "^A;* foA 
killing ngan n»? 
Waggish, ® g fe'we' 
ktvaca, 'M.^t^ hi oon 



Waggishness, •^ 3^ 
oon . 



siu 



WAX 



727 



WAT 



tiu*-tiu'- 






Waggle, =^^ 

fcng ; \vai:<:If3 ;il»ont like a 

fis^'' — # 1i ®! li y«^ 

fill lie /.-"/// ^j'afii. 
"Waggon, ^ JJ ^ tsoi'- 

foh -ch'e, -/^ ^ taai^ kite. 
"Waggoner, ^;^ ch^e foo. 
WaL'tail, ^ 

SS ^1 lin ts'in, 

t^f/c leng. 

TVaif, ^^4^ shap mat, 

i^'tw Ittu 'che, M ^ ^ 
mo Z:^ ^•^<'. 

Aaaw' /tin/I:. \^ p^ 

leung', KKffi5? ^» 
Pimng^ hunk, ^ ^ /m' 
^S5f, ^ ^ i'/w^ song; 
incessant wailing, t^ j^k 
kill t'o; beat the breast 
stamping and wailing, J^ 

Mi 9? v± ^^'^-^^ V^'^m^ 

A ?«//'■ ijup\ general wailing, 

^hau ngo ngo, 

wail for the dead, ^^ 



lU 

oi 



ngo; 



"Wain, )S ;g $ wun' M* 
fAV; Charles Wain, i([,:^ 
pak ^tau. 

Wainscot, JS 3^^ ^ '"^^ 
ts'enng fa ^jnta/t, ^ 3^ 
i^ k^oi ts'enng 'jiaan, 
^^WL niuuk ^paan. 

Waist, ^^ /m; waist belt, 
in p'eng (V'eng), 
ill tani ; waist warrant, 
^ j{$ J« p'aai; tied a 
string of cash ronnd his 
^aist, HH— II iu 
ch'in gat fun; a waist bag, 
j|^4^ ch'in toi ; a slender 
waist, gg ^^ w/ sfl/\ ;^ 
^ Ian /?/; the waist of 
a ship. ^ 1^ shuen /m, 

^ 2: »!' nP shnen rA,' 
chuung po\ 

Waistband, ^ ^ foo t'au. 

Waistcoat. ^ i'^ pooP-swn. 

Wait, ^>g| V</;.^-hau', ^ 
~|\ ^(///^-''"ha'; wait! ^£ 
fr|\ P^ ^/<7«^ ha <rAa; 
wait and it shall be so, 

^ Pl^ B^ '^^"'^ '^^a '"^^'j 



WAI 



728 



WAK 



wait some time, -^ ^ 
hit^ chne'; wait upon, ^^ 
^ fining' sze ; wait a 
little, ^nl^B^ I'fu^-g ^iia 
cite ; wait to till vacancies, 
.|S| ^^ ban' ]iO', I wait 
fur you, >g| ^ hau' ha; 
I shall wait for you to 
arrange the guests, -f^^ 
hau' tsue ; will till next 
year when the melons 
come in season, jfJ^S^JI^ 
^i^ hca k'i i toi ; wait a 
minute, ^ -^ ^mo tsze ; 
wait a V)it, ^ jj^ PgJ 
^tang noi ti; wait for the 
tnrn of the tide, ^ -Jj^ 
^shau ^shui: must wait a 

while, ^^ ^ B$ *''^ *'°^' 
shi; waited a long time, ^£ 
;J^ 3^ 1^ ^fang tak ''hue 
'kau; Avait till he comes, 

wait for him, ^- |f|\ jg 
^'e?i^' ^ha ^k*ue; wait till 
next moon, '^~|>^ tsze 
ha- uet; wait for an an- 
swer, JUL -^ [bJ # lup 



tsze ooi i/ii»7; wait; for 
death -^^ tsze ''sze; let 
it all wait, — • •^ ya^ 
tsze ; a man may have 
instruments of husbandry, 
but that is not like waiting 
for the farming seasons, 

sui yau tsze ki 'pat ue toi 
shi; to wait for a favour- 
able wind, ^)|[|^ hau* 
shuuu finmg; to lay wait 
for, ;^ -j^ niaai fuuk; to 
to lie in wait, fl^ W^ om 
fuuk. 
"Wait on, (serve) ^Ji^ fuuk- 



sze . 



Waiter, ^fj- sze -'~tsai, ^ 

^^ ^tsau '^po. 
Waiting-maid, (a bride's) 

^ -M^ kSvun keidc' mooi. 
Waive, ^f^ yau-to/c; waive 

off, :^^ 4F* S ^"^^^^ '^''''^^ 
''keng. 

Wake, ^§ '^smg, (from sleep) 

fun ^seng. g ^ 

■' "^Ai, ^ SB shuP 



sm^; waking or sleeping. 



WAL 



729 



WAL 



in^n^ ng mi ; everything 
wakes up in Spring, ^& 

^ II 4^ W 4 ^^^'""« 

Pill maan mat /caa/ shaang. 
Wakeful. ^ ^5f»^, ^ ng', 

'^ ^ /^^'^ mi', ^^ ® 
j'Jrt^ shui . 

Waken, ff^ ^ta-^seng, B^ 
^^ kiii^-^seng. 

Walk, (to) fx hang, if^Jg 
hang-lo , (take a) -^t* 3^ 
A?<e -ticaang , (path) yU 
^ Sm-lo'; stop walking, 
^ -^ chue po ; now 
walking now looking about, 

tf irF ig IT^ hang ^ha 
mong *^ha; walk in pro- 
cession, ^^^ hang heiing; 
walk backwards, ^j^ ^f 
k'-euk hang; fatigued by 
walking, ^ pg /:e?/A;' 
kooi ; I will walk about 
there,^0ft' M IB S ^ 
shaau kwoli koh taat 
teng"*; walk this way, "jjff 

^ ^ "tr ^'^ ^'^ *^"'^ 
hang; have a little walk, 

-jT^^ V(^ /coA chuen; 



walk on the hills, -^ ^ 
te/?^ ko, 3^ff|^|JL| kwaang 
^ha shaan; walk through 
burning charcoal, 5§ ^j^ 
j^ to ooi taan^; learning 
to run before one learns to 



rai 



hok hang sin hok 
''p^aaii; to walk ahead, "||w 
^^ ts'in hang, -^^ sin 
hang; to walk past or by, 
^^ j|^ ke/u/ kivo/i'; to 
walk up, Jh Sheung; to 
walk lame, ^ ^ jtja» 
hang; to walk across, j^ 
^^ waang kiroh ; to walk 
iii' ^ A liang yup; to 
walk out, "^ jj^l hang 
ch^iiut; shady walks, [g 
^ l/i'm lo\ 
Walker, ^^ ^* yau chCy 
^f^ hang Vie; a street 

kaai sheung ke ch^eung 
^foo, ^^]^ ch^eung ki . 
Wall, )|^ ts'enng ^^pek, (a) 
i|)g)|^/'2n<A;-ts'eung; a wall 
opposite temples or offices, 



WAL 



730 



WAL 



02 J^ chiu^ velc; knock 
the head against a wall, 

}^ IS ^ Jtf '^'^»» t'au 
maai ts'eung; to plaster a 
wall, ^ {f@ /(?0i ts'eung; 
rub it against the v/all, ij^ 

^ )^ ^^* "^''^^^ ts'eung; 
boards for making adobe 

walls, 3JI5 ||§ /K ^''^^P 
ts'eung ''j)aan; raise a 
wall, ^ }[§ lam' ts'eung; 
parapet of a wall, g® [f f: 
^p'ai 'ngai; the Great AYall, 
^ maan ^li 
tutelary 



sheng; 



ch'eung 
deity of walled towns, j^ 
^ sheng wong; inner and 
and outer walls, ^ ^ 
sheng kic'ok ; on the city 
walls, ^ J^ sheng 
shcung', ^ ij sheng 
Vfn^; base of a city wall, 
^fi ^ sheng ^i; lower 
portion of a city wall, ^^ 
;|>^ sheng Jean; tower over 
a gate in a city wall, "^^ 
^& sheng lau {^lau); to 
build a walls, ^^ ^^ 



cAu?<^ sheng; mount the 
walls, .^ ^ /rtn/; p'e; 
guard the walls, ^S* JSL 
SZfflu p'i; a family owning 
but four empty walls, ^^ 
"^PS^ /£« t'o sze p^ek; 
paste up on the wall ^^, 

^ tIS _h ^''^^' *^s<^^' 
ts'eung sheung ; lay a wall, 

:^5|^ ts^ar' ts'eung; a wall 

of unburned bricks, ^Ij^ 

nai ts'eung; a brick wall, 

J^ tI^ <:/«<(?n ts'eung; the 

end wall of a house, |J[_J 

^ shaan tseung, ^ ^ 

3^ kiim tsze ts'eung; 

a carved and painted 

^all, ^ j^ tin ts'eung; 

make walls of concrete, 

^ ^m ^^'^'^'"i7 ts'eung; 
one wall for several houses 
(back to back), — -(^ig 
jll^ yat t'iu ts'eung ^?wA ; 
Remember that walls have 
ears, 0^pig;^:^ 
sui chi kaak ts'eung ""yau 
S; at bay, back to the 
wall (lit., no way in front, 



WAN 



731 



WAN 



pursuing soldiers behind), 

ts'iii inu hui'^ \o liiiu "^jau 
chid jicng. 
Wallet, ^ ^^ 77artz< fuuk, 

Wallow, ^ /(WJ, j^ ^ 

chin-'' chum, (like a beast 

in the mud) [>Sv^ aam- 

paan (paam ), (in the water) 

[^ 7JC fiam-'^shui. 

Walnut, ;^ ;g^ hop-t'o. 

Walrus, y^ ,^ "^^oi '^ma. 

Wampee, ^J^ wong-*p'i. 

Wan, Q Q j:-|Jj^ paak-paak- 



ti 



Wand, }|$ ^ ^ chi-pm- 
kohn; magic wand, ^jk^ 
sek* cheung', )j^ jj^ shin 
cheung\ 

Wander, >2)ft|ft lau-li, MJffi 
cAa2<-yau, (miss the way) 
M -^ ^ tong'-sAf/Mo^ 
your mind is wandering 
over the twenty four points 
of the compass, -^ i\j\ ~". 

-|- ^ fn] "i *''^"^ i shap 
sse heiniff^; a wandering 



ghost, '^ ^ ^ s^^i?' 
/s'e/?/7 Vc/rrt/, ^ z^ yau 
wan; know not where he 
has wandered to, pS. 4^ 

Aue"* j!;«i 6-A'«e ; wandering 
herdsmen, i.e., nomad 
tribes, ^ ^ yau muuk; 
Chief and Assistant Su- 
perintendent of wandering 
tribes, ^^i£^\ yau 
muuk cheng^ wai^, ^^ itj^ 
p(jSd* yau muuk/bo' ?rai'; 
to wander astray, j?^ 
^ mai lo ; wandering 
thoughts, ^ ^g^ yau sze'- 
wandering people, ^^ ^^ 
yau mun; wandering talk, 



ngaam 



wa 



wandering freebooters, yn 
^^ lau ts'aak, ^ ^^ lau 

Wane, ;^ shiii, ^ /hi, (of 
the moon)^^ uet. k'vef', 
waxing and waning-, ^t 
J^ yeng huet ; the wanmg 
of the moon, ^ ^ net 
k'uet , ^ ^ net fai; the 



WAN 



732 



WAN 



moon having been full 
wanes again, ^JSgM'JM 
^ net *^moon tsak k'tvai 
Want, g iu, (defect) ^^ 
k^iiet -fat, (destitution ) ^g 
jJL k'uung-/a, :%!)^ wn^ 
rtj ; jnst as I wanted it, 
Jj^^S clirnf/ ill ; in want 
of food, ^ ^ fat shik; 
I say ! You are wanted, 
^^ 04- C^ liwoi A'i?( ?a ; 
dust wanted, }\XMMVi 
shall maai on nai; I don't 

want it, Pg^ilail95l '•" 
<?»' ^oA ti; you want too 

much, t3^ S* ^ ^ '"i 
•ot te/c /oA; I can guess 
what you want, ^^P}l 
j^ Sigoh 'p-ai chining 
*^ni; want more to eat, ^^ 

^i ^^ i^ ^^^^^ /i^^ro/i' 
chuung ^sewig; want for 
nothing, ff 4?^|Pg g' 
shap mat 'ni oi ; I fear 
he doesn't want it, ^|^ 
P§- @' shau ''k'ue 'm oi^; 



^tang ^kan yuung'; do as 
you want, {i^g yam' 

ni; when the ' fare \ is 
dainty, who wants to lay 
down his chopsticks ? ^^ 

-^ ^0 ya«/i;^ U kwoh 
tsze shui A^»_f fong^ faai 
Isze; to be wanting in 
respect to others, -^ ^M 
^ shat *^lai yan; to see 
wliat is right and not do 
it, is want of courage, S^ 

i"* 2mt wai mo ynung ya; 
what you do not want 
done to yourself do not 
do to others, S I'Jf '^SJt 

^JffiKA '^'' '«^^^ P^^ 
yuuk mat shi lie yan; want 

of forbeareace in small 

matters confounds great 

plans, ^hZ^^MSl:k 

^ sill pat yan tsak luen' 
taai^ man; the getting of 



wanted instantly, ^^^ them will preserve life, 



WAR 



(33 



WAR 



and the want of tliem will 
be cleat]., ^\}ZWl^3 
?# I'lJ ^ fo/c chi isak 
shaang fut ffk Uicdc szr. 
Wanton, ff^ 7io^-f>hik, -^^ 

tong', ^ ^ ch'uun i , 



4l>^\ 



I'I'r ^''^ ' ts'ens:; wanton 



thoughts, y^ w yum i 



a wanton woman, v^ 

yum foo. 

Wantonly, ^^/^w// -s^e'; 

to wantonly rob and pillage, 

^ B |4 © '^^'^«^ ^^^ 
hang /rf}j . 

War, ^^ V/-clicung\ 



i^^"/7» ""P" 3^ kohn-kii'oh; 
a war chariot, [^!^ /corir/c' 
kite; the God of War, ^ 

Tciraan ue; stir up war, 
^/j ~p" ;^ tuung' kohn 
ku'oh; the gods of literature 
and of war, ;^;^Zl'^ 

mun mo i^ fai^; war-juuk, 

fii5 ^ '''-'' shuen; articles 
of war, W ^ ^'«7/?i faai^, 



W -^ A'fr/m leng^ the 
Board of War, ^ ^ 
7>e/?Y7 po^; war between two 

nations, p[5 Hi ffi ?^ 
Jeung ktvok^ scung rhin^; 
the fortune of war i8 
uncertain, |^ JT ffi '^ 
shcng^ foo mo sheung; 
open war, ^ :}*J* kiiung 
ta, ,^ iSfe kuung rhin ; 
council of war, |^ 
c^wt' ooi'; raan-of-wai 
HfQf rAm' shuen, ^ ^ 
peng shuen; aet of war, 



j^ ^b mo nfrai': scene 



of war. 






chin 



ch'eung; a protracted war, 
^Egfe kan chili' , weapons 
of war, -^ g^ peng hi, 
5S i^ hi' haai'; a naval 
war, y^^ hoi chin, ^ 
®| s/^?// rAtM ; to declare 
war, :^ ^ ^ t'au cAm 
sAm^; war to the bitter 
end, ^^ w^ sze chin^; 
powers at war, w^ |^ 
chin ku'ok : to go to war, 



WAR 



784 



WAR 



Warble, |® ch^eimg^; the 
warbling of the birds, J^ 
^ P^ ^ iiiu f^* t/'ai 

Warbler, (Si/lna), ^ ^^ 
sail iigaan; grass-warbler 
(bird), ^il§ mnung Tcau. 

War-vessel, J^ ^& peng- 
shueii. 

Ward, (division) f^J^ kaai- 
fong, (apartment) j^ 
•fong, (to) EJ: ±p fong- 
shnu; all the wards, ^ 
j^ chiiung yeuk ; to ward 
off calamities, ^JM^^» hohn 
waan , j^^ ^^ k'ue woh , 

'm M '^^"^ sA^'^'^'; a 
military ward, -^ ^^ po' 
lok\ 
Warden, ^ i^ ^ hohn 

shall ^che-, warden of a 
college, ^ jj^ Cheung 
uen^; the warden of the 
Mint, ^ ^ ^ ts'in 
kuuk sze. 
Warder, ^5^ ^* shau che, 
M.S^ ts'ium ch'a '^che. 



Wardrobe, ^^15 t-fuuk- 
kwai', 35c ^ffi ^'sheang 
kwai ( kwal). 

Ward-room, *^ j|| loon 
is^ong, ^ p5 ± IT # 



^^ 6/r sliuen noi sze 
Jcooti ooi ar/;?, a^o^. 
Warehouse, /j^ ® chaan - 
•fong, '^ ;^ fu/i'-fs'otig ; 
a tea warehouse, ^^ ^| 
ch'a chaan ; warehouse 
rent or charges, i^ ^|[ 
chaan fso ; warehouse 
keeper, ^ ^ ^ ^i^oon 



chaan r/i^. 

Warfare, i^ ^ /cartt^ f^m . 

Ware, "^f^^ fok^ mat. 

Wares, ^ foh ' ; mis- 
cellaneous wares, ^ j^ 
tsaap /b/i. ; to deal in 
miscellaneous wares, ^^ 

'W %'i % ^"^''^ f""^' f^^^ 

hank ; China ware, -^^ 
ts'ze hi ; earthen Avare, 

vrare, ^ gg ngan hi^i 
hardware, ^^ ^ fit hi ; 
crockery ware. 



WAR 



735 



WAR 



strong ware, 



^ ^ '^(^^^ choan pooi 

p'oon ; cracknel ware, ^^ 

sui ts'ze ; double- 

sheung liu ('^''"0 ; en- 
amelled ware, Wr ^^ ^ 
/i:^;/<7 Vaai^ laani, t'/]^ y^ 
5S long yau At ; place 
the best wares on the top 

to sell, SI ^ 5 ® 
chong t'au maai min . 
Warlike, ■^ mo, (man) ^ 
^ ^mo-foo, (arms) ^;:g 
kolin-lcivoh ; a warlike 
nation, -^^y^^ jau 
yuung f/ii /«t'o/i; ; a war- 



like spirit, ^ ^ V"ung 

Warm, 'J^ nuen, |^ it ; 
warm the hands, ^^ -^ 
chile shau ; warm the 
hands with the breath, 
WdJ ^ ^ A()A nuen 
s/<a?< ; it is rather warm 
to-day, 4^ H <a^^ 
Q^ kiim yat hai nuen 



nuen ti ; much warmer, 
^^^ nniMi Ao toll; 
warm air, ^ ^ nuen 
h\; fed and warmed, "^^ 
2)aaii ''nncn ; rather too 
warm, ^ ^ flgJl tcuu it 
/t ; warm and fed, J^ 'gg 
?/7m jKiau ; a warm day, 
^ ^ nuen /'m ; warm 
springs, Jg_ ^ «7m 
ts'uen ; a warm heart, 



a warm 

5 



engagement, ^ ||J|^ taai 
chin ; to warm at the fire, 

grass-cloth coverlet over 
him the whole night 
would not keep him warm 
(said of one who obstinate- 
ly refuses all advice, and 
on whom time and words 
are wasted) ^'ffl^^;^ 

k'lim ye to 'm nuen. 



iHP 



nuen- 



Warming-pan, 'J 

woh, 'jf^ ^ nuen p'oh. 



WAR 



736 



WAR 



Warmth, 'j^ mien, ^ 



unin 
c 



warmth of fire, 
nuen ; warmth of the 
sun, 0_^ huen ; fructifying 
warmth, ^^^ -^ uc^ ue. 

Icaai, ^§M t'^^" *^"^' J§ 
5t 0^ ^ "^ -sm-wa -<■/«, 
^ ^- 'keng ch^aak\ j^ 
j||J ch'eng rhong^; be 
warned against doing that 
again, Mf^'J^^ "keng 
kaai ha As-se'; warn the 
public, ^ ^ shi' 
chuung ; to warn one of 

his duty, IS A^^^ 
^wen yan s/irn^ poon 

Warning, ^& /cart-w ; to give 
warning of danger, ;^^ 
t'ai seng ; he pays no 
heed whatever to my 
warning, fg ^ ::^ |^ 
Ife^SW 'k'uets'aen 
2Kit f'enj ngoh ke ^keng 
in ; take this as a warn- 



wai kaai ; words df 
sahitary warning, ^ ^ 
^ yeuk shek in ; in- 
junctions and warnings, 

^ J P^ "o" ?S ^^"^ °^"S 
ko kaai ; words of warn- 

^"^' :^ W "^'^^ ^" 5 

punish one as a warning 
to others, ^ ^ ch'eng 
/rf??//; to give preliminary 
warning (Jit., to beat the 
Bides of the drum), ^Ifj\ 
g^ ^ ''^ ^J^a ''^'^00 pin. 

War office, ;^^ 1'^'^^ po . 

Warp, g ll /.m^-sm' ^ 
kaang ; warp and woof, 
8 ;|$ ^<^eng Svai ; the 
wind dries and warps 

ti^"'g«' M ^^ *3 i^ 

filling ko mat A^'o ; lay the 
warp, g ^ keng sha ; 
the book cover warps, ^I 

^ ^ j^ ^^^'^ P'i ^cuwig 
hi. 
Warp, (to) 
ivat-luen. 



liien, Jg: 



WAR 



737 



WAR 



AViirpod, ^^ lurti, ^1 aau ; 
a warped mind (//7., 
studied tlie same pnufe all 

^J^ //f// />'m sAh6 Ao/iM 
/o' Mo. 
Warrant, (a) ^ y/m', (police) 
^^ ch'aai-pHu, (to) >g 
^ paau-'po, g ^^^^ oo' 

warrant (for investiture 
abroad), ^ ^ cA'e/c 
filling ; warrant -decree 
(conferring rank or order 
of limited hereditary no- 
bility), It ^ fAV/. 
meng ; warrant-edict (for 
promulgation in colonies), 
^C ii^ ch^ek ue ; charm 
containing the warrant- 
decrees of a god, ^^ -^ 
^ rA'e/c leng' foo ; au 
urgent warrant, ^ ^ 
foh p^iuj *f^ ^^ foh 
tsHm ; counterfoil of a 
warrant, -^ J^jJ foo pit ; 



a warrant decree, \)^ ^ 
ch'ok leng ; death-warrant 

Wong meng ; waist war- 

warranted to stand wear 
and tear, 'Q ^ ^ JJj; 
^W(7?< /?<??< paau cliaap ; 
issue a warrant (or sum- 
mons), yj^ ch'uiit 2)Hii ^ 

^ /i;'i</; ^5'/w ; deliver 
(or serve) a summons or 



7?'»t kiim ; search 



sau 



warrant, ^sp ^ ch'uen 
2)''iu ; fee for delay of 
execution of a warrant, 

lUtl . 

warrant, -.^y. -,^- 

21^111 ; a warrant to arrest, 

$ A ^ ^ "^ y^" ^'^' 

2?'»2< ; a distress warrant, 

•^ M ^ *''''" ''"^^ ;'VV; 
warrant of attorney, i^ 
^ k'uen shue ; laud 
warrant, j^ ^ ti /i;'fli . 
Warrant-officer, ^ ^ ^ 
^ fuung' meng' ke koon. 



WAS 



738 



WAS 



Warranty, -Q ^^ imau 
yeulc, ^ ^ ^;o s/iUf, 

Warren, ^ g] ^nen-vau^ 



'wai 



c > 

juung-sze ; 



Warrior, ^ J^ 

a great warrior, -^^^ 
taai tseurxfj Icicun. 

Wart,|^^hau-W,|^,(g 
^ faan - ym-ch'on(j/. 

Wary, (be) |^"^ ^tai-chan ; 
Avary and fearful, ^ ^ 
^ ^ /i:^»5' /i:my ip ip. 

Wash, f^ ^srii ; I wash my 
Lands of it, lit, ^ Pg 
/fc'J^ ^ ^s'se hau 'm nim 
(chim) shall ; wash one's 
hands of tlie whole con- 
cern, -^ 



shau u-ai mi 



he does 
not even wash his face, 
SMfSPg^Hnmin' 
to 'ra ^s«» ; water in 
which rice has been wash- 
ed, ^ ^■^ ^ mai /com 
s/i«w ; wash and rub, |^ 
;N^ 6flj moot ; wash the 
face, g^ ^ sftt min'; 



washing a child three 
days old, j^ ^ ^ sai 
saam chiu, ^ |^ sai 
so ; wash and scrape, (i.e., 
unnecessary work), f^ J^(| 
^sai lavaat'; having wash- 
ed my head, won't you 
shave me too ? {i.e., finish 

jt off). m.MM^Mv^ 

sai shiij) fan 'm Pat* me ; 
to wash with gold, ^6'-^ 
sill Icuni ; wash rice, y^S 
^ t'o mai ; to wash 
sand, *J'|| yj^ t'o s^a ; put 
the wash on the sore, W 

yeuk S/iz/i lai ch'a ch^ong ; 
use warm water for wash- 

yuung"* nuen ''shut lai ^5«» 
Ice ; don't forget to use 
camomile tea for washing, 

Q^ yuung horn kuuk fa 
shut lai ^sai la. 
Wash-board, f^ ^^ 
shuen p'ong 2)aan. ^^ 
i^ ^sai i iman. 



WAS 



789 



WAS 



"Washer-man, ^^X ^^^' 
••-y^n, ^ ^ flg ^ 'sai 
i fuuk %, ('s itch) 5^ 
^ yau-^s^e, ff ^ hohn' 

Wash-stand, gjjg^ miu'- 

*p'oon-*Z:rr . 
Wasp, ^ ife^ w ong- ftiKng, 

t|lkf 'ma/'<«m<7, jf^g' 
muung yunng. 
Waspish, *\^ ^ sfn/ /c?//?, 

Waste, (to) ^ /ct/\ {^ 
^ lonp;^-/a/\ }^ saai, 
\^ -R laam' fai\ 

m W /'■" ^''^ M u 

liu long', jl|^ j^ saai 
faaf*; foolish waste, IV^ 
^^ long' /rtt'; you waste 
too much (said to a host) 
^[^ ^ ^^ro^' fat'; you 
waste your outlay (said on 
receiving a present), 1^ 
^ ])^oh fai\ useless 
waste, ^ ^ /io' /fli'; 
don't waste your breath, 



taam 



Ai ; extravagant 



waste, j^ ^^ mi fai\ no 
waste, ffi, J^: ^ mo ^mi 
/fl/'; Utterly wasted, p||| 
;^ SfWA V-aa^ ; clear 
waste, fi Q Pill paak 
paak saai ; don't waste 
things, p)[; nil if. Suai 
sflfa/ ^ye ; don't waste it, 
^PllltE raat s«rt/ 'k'ue ; 
it's all wasted, Il{Jtl{|^ 
[^ saai saai hai h ; 
waste lips and tongue 
{i.o., loquacious), ^ ^ 
^ fai shuun shit ; wabte 
by profligacy, ^ ^ :JE 
^^ saan tong"" fa siu ; 
wasted,^ ^ tong' in ; 
waste money, ^ ^ 
sheung ts'oi ; waste of 
breath {lit., a harelip 
playing a fife), ^Sj^Bfe 
^ a imng ch'ui tek ; 
to waste the daf , H^ Q 
hHi'ong yat ; waste paper, 

^ ^1^ ^^'' ^^'' 5 waste 
book, *^;?fC op ^a" *^-''^^wJ 
po ; waste cotton, Bj^ ^ 
paai sue ; waste-pipe, "^ 



WAT 



740 



WAT 



f^ -^ -Z. % fong toll 

shui Ice t'uung ; waste 

land, ^ i^ fong i?, :^ 

^» kanu "^ye ; to waste 

t'i™^' ^ K 5t P# ^"'^ 

to kivong yum. 
Wasteful, ^ ^ :^ mo i 
shik, g 'j^ ch'e ^rh'i, 



^chH sz^. 

Waster, j]^ -^ long' Vsse ; 
he's a waster, j^ '^ ^ 
'fH 1^ *^^^'"^ l^ai' taai' fa 
t'uung. 

Watch, (to) ^ liolin., ^ 
i^ hohn shau, (at night) 
^g£ hohn-Icaang, [|^J^ 
f-ai-kaang, (a time-piece) 
H«5F J^ ^ slii-shan-j[?m ; 
to watch cattle, ^" <^ 
AoA» ngau ; you watch 
him, fj; ^ >^ ^ 'ni 
hohn cltne '^k'ue ; watch 
the course of affairs, |^ 
]fe ^'2t'«t sze ; watch 
(like Kwanti) holding a 
candle all night, ^ <|^ 
i^:|c _0_ i^f"^ cAta^A; toi' 



taan ; watch over a corpse, 

«A«?« sony ; call off the 

watch (beat the reveille 

and fire the gun), ^^ i|| 

^Q^ sa«?j lui jo'rta?« ; 



watch by night, ^S^ 
Viau ye ; be on the 
watch, MS t|^ t'ai ''shui ; 
watch for smugglers, ^M; 
^ fs'z/p sse ; the first 
watch, ^^ J^ t-au kaang, 
^ J5 ^'A'o/i kaang ; the 
third watch, ^ ^ /i;«t 
c^'oA ; watch the prices, 

^i f^ ^^'^ ^^^'' watched 
you drifting into bad 
habits, H^ M 'f^ili ^t'ai 



Vc«n ^ni waai'; watch the 
rice-crops, ^ ^^ Ao/m 
woh ; to set the watch, 
^ J^ lok kaang ; to call 
in the watch, ){^1|^ ^^^w 
kaang ; aid one another 
in keeping watch and 
ward, and sustain one 
another in sickness, ^3p 



WAT 



741 



WAT 



ijjjp ^shau raonc: seunr/ 
clioli tsafc pcng scwuj 
foo cli'i ; \vat<^-li maker's 
shop, @ ^, ^^] chuung 
pin p^o ; repair ii watch, 
^ ^^ ^cheiig piu ; to 
clean a watch, :^ y^ 
wjoo/q yau , tho mainspring 
of a watch, ^ ji^ faat 
t'iu ; the hair-spring of a 
watch, ^ ^^ yau sse ; 
regulator of a watch or 
clock, <^ .|;g ^f fcm 
maan cAum ; watch chain, 

^^S^ i^'" Jill'; watch-key» 

^. ^^ piu shi ; to wind 

up a watch or clock, ^ 

^^ Sheung lin. 
Watches, (the five) ^ J^ 

^^ng-kaang. 
Watchful, |^^^ Vr^«-shan , 

H ^ 'sf;j</-teng'. 
Watchman, Wf db kaang-foo, 

~^ 55 ^'" kaung, ^ J^ 

47 



pong pong ^/o ; a 
watchman's lodge, W >|^ 
kaang p'aang ; he is a 

watchman, |g. :^ 31 JS 
^k'ue Vrt ^11 g knnng. 
Watch-tower, J^ |^ kaang- 
*lau. 



oni 



•> * 



ho' 



Watch-word, (}g^ 

Water, ^ SA/^j, (to) ^ 
lum, ;$i laai ; tho roar of 
water, ^fi §& S P'°P 
p'op i<-Af/?^ ; to make 
water, ^ '^ ^^cm nik ; 
a water-beetle like DyiisciiSy 
W i£ P'° mong ; the 
water is smoky, ^ .^ 



/o/i ; a piece of water, — ► 

J^ TR /A"^ *^^^^'i *^^'' 5 
a water-mill, ^^ ^^^^i 
moh ; to lap water up, 

water a horse, ^^ ^ 

yum '■ma ; water runs 

downwards, ^JC [wl ^ i^ 

shui heung iai lau ; fairy 



AY AT 



742 



WAT 



water, ^ ;7jC 3'^"'^' ^'^"^ ". 

the water's edge, -^ ^ 

shut k'en^ ; smooth water. 

long' tseng ; how deep is 
the water, ^^'^-^ 
yau ki shuni shui ; draw 
water, ^ ^ fa shui ; 
to water flowers, ^^ ^ 
/£«■<< /./, y||i 3^;;^ luiu /<;« ; 
to gather water poured 
before a horse, (i.e., an 
impossibility), ,^ fj Q 
^C ma ts'in //a^/c .'<hui ; 
to spend money like water 
{liL, like dirt), ^^ ^ 

^p Jl /'''* ^^""* "® ^''^ ' ^ 
hot-water tankard, 



tsoh 00 ( oo) ; bilge 

sheng 



IJ * 



water, 
shui ; it is very far by 

vrater, M:^^^^ Uf 
i^nffif will/ s/«a' lo' hai 
ho ueii /i;e ; boil water, 

the 



7\<^ 



tun shui 






mouth watering, ^^ 
lim fsui ; water spider. 



*^^ 



shui ma. 



*^^ 



spilt water cannot be 
gathered up, (it's no use 
crying over spilt milk), 

naan shfui ; keep it under 

water, ^ y\^ "g ^ 'pi 

shui tsum'' cluie^; if the 

water boils, mash tlie tea, 

ch''uyn(j cli'a; drink water, 

sacrificial water, M -f^ 
meng s^?a' ; sub-prefect 
of water-ways, ^J^; ^ij j^j 
^ sliui \? t'uung chi ; 
vegetables that need water- 
ing, ^J^ ^ shui ts'oi^; 
spring water, (JLlTlC shaan 
shui ; stagnant water, SP 

TJC *~^ ^'^^''^ 5 running 
water, ^ -;|^ lau sAz^t 
turbid water, ".^ y\C 
cliuuk shui ; clear water, 
'^ >i^ /s'ey?,^ 57i?a" ; high 
water, y\^ -^^ shui taai'; 
low water, yj<^ 't^£j sAia 



WAT 



743 



"WAT 



^ leng- 



Water-caltrops, • 
Icoe, -^ ki'. 
Water-cliestnnt, ^^ ^shui- 

Water-closet, jgl] 6/j^ /s'se'- 

^shoh. 
Water-course, ^j'C )|ij -''A"'- 

Water-cresses, y^ 7t ^ 
S/i/<i-k'an-/s'or, g5'7$^ 
s«/-yeung-/s'ot . 

Water-drain, y^X, aI^ ^''"'^ 

- k'ue. 

Watered, watered gauze, ^ 
^ ^ /;f?m/7 wan sA«. 

Water-engine, ^\^ T^ shui 

Water-fall, ^'^ iff 7JC puuk- 



/</ 



/</ 



7 c , . 
^0 - s/(m. 



Water-fly, ^^ §'^ n^I sA»i 
/j«rtj< tsiii: act as an imp 
or .water-fly, i.e., an enemy 
not to be got at, -g ^ 
"^^^ wai /-^rr/i wai wik. 

Water-flocd, -^ •;;7i^ taai 
shui, l^TJC liuung ?A?</. 



Water-fowl, ^ .^ S/« 

Siiu. 
Water-gate, ^ f^ ^sh 

moon, y\X R^ ^i<hiii cbaap. 
Water-god, ;^C jfl$ '-''"'^ 

slian, ^ S. uen meng. 
Waterless, ^;?JC nr^ V'^"'. 

Water-level, ;;^ ^ISI ^ 's/<«i 

. ■> 

p'eiig mm . 

Watering-pot, ^^y^ fa-^sha. 

Water-lily, ^^g lin-A', ^ 
^^ /oo k'ue, :jnj :Jg hoh 

/■«. 
Water-melon, OH X^» sai-kica. 
Water-mill, y\x Jg S;i;</- 

"moh. 
Water-pipe, 7]^^^ 'sA?a 

//t taai. 
AVater-spider, ^fC J^ S''^"*- 

tsze