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^nqiclottebfa erf jKtassachusetts 

Biographical — Genealogical 

Compiled with Assistance of the Following 



Pormer Liibrarian of Wo burn Public Library; 
Historian of New England Hlstorlc-Genea- 
log'lcal Society; Author of "History of Arllnfir- 
ton/' "Blbllofirraphy of Woburn," "History of 
the Cutter Family/' etc. 


Member of American Institute of Architecture, 
etc.: Author of "Homes and How to Make 
Them," and other popular works; Lecturer, 
and frequent contributor to leadlngr magrasines 
and newspapers. 


Librarian of Berkshire Athenaeum and Mu- 
seum; Secretary of Berkshire Historical Soci- 
ety; Author of "-Three Kin^rdoms;" "World of 
Matter;" "Translation into English, Hexameters 
of Vlrffirs Aeneid;" Joint Author "American 
Plant Book;" "Barnes' Readers;" "One Thou- 
sand Blunders in Engrlish." 


Member of Connecticut Valley Historical Soci- 
ety, and Western Hampden Historical Society; 
Author of "History of the Town of Westfleld, 


Charter Member, ex-President and for fifteen 
years Librarian of Worcester Society of Antiq- 
uity, and Editor of its ProceedinsTs; Author of 
"Rawson Family Memorial," "The Crane Fam- 
ily," in two volumes, "History of 15th Regi- 
ment in the Revolution," and Compiler of a 
Number of Genealogies of the Prominent Fam- 
ilies of Massachusetts. Member of the New 
England Historic-Genealogical and other His- 
torical Societies. 


Clerk and Treasurer of Bostonian Society; 
Director of Brookline Historical Society; Sec- 
ond Vice-President of Mass. Soc. S. A. R.; 
Chairman Membership Com. Mass. Soc. Colo- 
nial Wars; Member Board of Managers, Mass. 
Soc, War of 1812; Treasurer of Read Soc. for 
Genealogical Research. 


Ex-President of Essex Institute; Member of 
Massachusetts Historical Society; ex-Repre- 
sentative and ex-Mayor of Salem. 


President of Old Brldgewatef Historical Soci- 
ety; President of Dyer Family Association. 



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Both justice and decency require that we should bestow on our forefathers 

an honorable remembrance — Thucydides 



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BRACKETT, John Q. A., 

Forma* Go 

John Quincy Adams Brackett, former 
Governor of Massachusetts, was bom at 
Bradford, New Hampshire, June 8, 1842, 
son of Ambrose S. and Nancy (Brown) 
Brackett. He began his education in the 
common schools of his native village, 
graduated from Colby (New Hampshire) 
Academy in 1861, entered Harvard G>1- 
lege, and graduated with the class of 
1865, with highest honors, and as class 
orator. He subsequently graduated from 
Harvard Law School, was admitted to 
the bar, and entered upon practice in 1868. 

He early attracted attention as a virile 
speaker before Republican assemblages, 
and became a leader in the young men's 
movement of the party, presiding at the 
initial meeting in Faneuil Hall in 1877. 
He also took a lively interest in the Mer- 
cantile Library Association of Boston, 
and was its president in 1871 and again in 
1882. In 1884 he was made judge advo- 
cate upon the staff of General L S. Bur- 
rell, commanding the First Brigade of the 
State militia, and served as such until 
the militia was reorganized in 1876. From 
1873 to 1876 he was a member of the 
common council of Boston, of which he 
was made president by unanimous vote 
in the latter year, when he was elected to 
the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives, in which he served continuously 
until 1881, and again from 1884 to 1886. 
At various times he was chairman of 
some of the most important committees — 
on taxation, labor, retrenchment, probate 
and chancery, public lands and harbors, 
judiciary, and of the special committee 
on the revision of the statutes. Perhaps 

his most beneficial work was his procure- 
ment of the law for the establishment of 
cooperative banks, an important and far- 
reaching enactment. In 1885, as the 
unanimous choice of the Republican cau- 
cus, he was elected speaker of the house, 
and he was reelected the following year. 
In this position he acquitted himself 
most creditably during a very trying 
four-day period of filibustering on the 
metropolitan police bill. In 1886 he was 
elected Lieutenant-Governor, and was re- 
elected with increased majorities in the 
two following years. In 1889 ^^ ^^^ 
elected Governor to succeed Oliver Ames, 
and advocated various salutary reforms, 
many of which were enacted into law, 
among theni being the abolition of the 
contract system of labor in prisons, and 
certain accompanying benefits to the 
prisoners ; the relief of the industrial and 
business elements from undue taxation, 
through the medium of taxation of leg- 
acies; the free text book S3rstem for 
schools; the rigid enforcement of the 
liquor laws ; legislation for the protection 
of both employers and employed ; and for 
the protection of railroad brakemen from 
certain dangers. The national encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic 
being held in Boston during his guberna- 
torial term, he procured a legislative ap- 
propriation of $50,000 to aid in a proper 
recognition of the event, occurring, as it 
did, upon the quarter-century anniversary 
of the surrender of General Lee at Appo- 
mattox, and providing for the participa- 
tion of the Governor and Council and a 
special committee of the Legislature. In 
1892 Governor Brackett was a delegate- 
at-large to the Republican National Con- 
vention, and a member of its committee 


on resolutions ; was chairman of the Mas- 
sachusetts electoral college in 1896; and 
in 1896 and 1900 was a presidential elec- 

Governor Brackett is a member of the 
Boston Art Club, the Arlington Boat 
Club, the Unitarian Club of Arlington, 
and the Middlesex Club, of which he was 
president from 1893 ^^ 1901. He married 
Angie M. Peck, of Arlington, Massachu* 

ELIOT, Charles W., 

Charles William Eliot, twenty-second 
president of Harvard College, was bom 
in Boston, Massachusetts, March 20, 1834, 
only son of Samuel Atkins Eliot, mayor 
of Boston, Massachusetts, representative 
in the United States Congress, 1850-51, 
and treasurer of Harvard College from 
1842 to 1853. Through his mother's 
family he is allied to the Lyman family, 
which has held a distinguished position 
in New England history. 

Charles W. Eliot was prepared for col- 
lege at the Boston Public Latin School, 
entered Harvard in the class of 1853, and 
was graduated with high honors. In 
1854 he was appointed tutor in mathe- 
matics, and while filling the position he 
continued the study of chemistry in the 
laboratory of Professor Cooke. In 1857 
he delivered a course of lectures in chem- 
istry at the Medical School in Boston. 
In 1858 he was made Assistant Professor 
of Mathematics and Chemistry, the grade 
of assistant professor being then first 
created. In 1861 he was placed in charge 
of the chemical department of the Law- 
rence Scientific School. In 1863 he spent 
two years in visiting the public institu- 
tions of France, Germany, and England, 
making himself acquainted with their 
organization, plans of study, and govern- 
ment, and at the same time devoted much 

of his leisure to the study of chemistry 
While in Vienna, in 1865, he receiveci 
from the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, then in course of organization 
under the direction of Professor W. B. 
Rogers, the offer of the chair of analyti- 
cal chemistry, which he accepted. After 
holding the chair until 1868, he again 
visited Europe, studying in France dur- 
ing most of his vacation of fourteen 
months. Upon his return to America he 
was elected president of Harvard Univer- 
sity, to succeed President Hill, who had 
resigned in 1868, and was duly inducted 
to the office in the spring of 1869. His 
administration during the years that have 
passed has been one of extraordinary 
brilliancy and the university has enjoyed 
a prosperity heretofore unknown. The 
fame of the institution has become thor- 
oughly national, and the name of its illus- 
trious president is known and honored 
throughout the civilized world. "The 
light first kindled by the munificence of 
Harvard has spread onward to our own 
time, illuminating the course of our 
fathers, and concentrating a brighter ra- 
diance on the paths of the children." 

Mr. Eliot's accession marked an epoch 
in the history of the Harvard University. 
The chief aim of the faculty and govern- 
ing boards had been to perfect it as a 
college of the normal New England type ; 
the elective system had been introduced 
reluctantly for the latter half of the aca- 
demic course; and the established cur- 
riculum had admitted only side-paths 
closely parallel with the main track. Mr. 
Eliot's determination from the first was 
to build upon the ancient foundation a 
veritable university, open to real learners 
of every sort, and of every grade above 
that of schoolboys. The system which 
may be called his is at once strict and 
broad, imperative in its requirements, yet 
beyond all precedent liberal in the exten- 
sion of its privileges. No student can re- 


ceive a degree in the academical depart- 
ment without having passed a thorough 
examination in a prescribed number of 
carefully planned courses ; but the candi- 
date for an academic degree has an un- 
restricted range of choice among courses, 
comprising every department that can be 
regarded as belonging to a liberal educa- 
tion. At the same time, special courses 
may be pursued apart froni the regular 
classes by all persons who are able to 
avail themselves of them. A more health- 
ful system of discipline has been intro- 
duced, petty details of conduct are no 
longer subjected to rigid rule, and while 
there is less tolerance than ever before 
for disorder and immorality, large classes 
of college offenses have ceased to exist 
because no longer prohibited. These 
changes have so far met the demands of 
the outside public that from the time that 
Mr. Eliot commenced his work of refor- 
mation, while the number of undergradu- 
ates has been much more than doubled, 
there has been a perpetual inflow of funds 
from private benefactions into the col- 
lege treasury, so that more new buildings 
have been erected than were built in the 
whole of the previous century, many old 
foundations have been increased, and 
several new endowments created. 

As a writer, Mr. Eliot has been known 
chiefly by educational reports, essays and 
addresses, which have the merit of con- 
cise and vigorous statement, of reasoning 
based whenever possible on admitted 
facts, of directness of aim, and of close 
adaptation to the specific end in view. 
On other occasions and subjects he shows 
himself master of a style pure, clear and 
strong, of easy and graceful flow, and 
indicative of conversance with the best 
models of classical English, a style dis- 
tinctively his own, but enriched and col- 
ored by large and generous culture. As 
a si>eaker he has none of the arts but a 
rare wealth of the best gifts of the prac- 

ticed orator, always commanding close 
attention, and impressing not himself, 
but his thoughts, arguments, and feel- 
ings, forcibly upon his hearers. In pri- 
vate and social life he has the entire re- 
spect and confidence of all who know 
him, and the affectionate regard of all 
who enjoy his friendship and intimacy. 

Dr. Eliot has been president emeritus 
of Harvard since 1909. He has received 
the LL. D. degree from Williams, Prince- 
ton, Yale, Johns Hopkins, Tulane Uni- 
versity, the University of Missouri, Dart- 
mouth, Harvard ; and that of Ph. D. from 
Breslau University, Germany ; and has re- 
ceived the following foreign decorations : 
Ofiicier Legion d' Honneur (France), Im- 
perial Order of the Rising Sun, flrst class 
(Japan), Royal Prussian Order of the 
Crown, and Grand Officer of the Crown 
of Italy. He is a corresponding member 
of the Academy of Moral and Political 
Sciences of the Institute de France ; fellow 
of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences; member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, the American Philo- 
sophical Society, and of the General Edu- 
cation Board ; and honorary president of 
the National Conservation Association. 
In addition to his monographs on scien- 
tific and educational topics, he has writ- 
ten several brochures : "The Happy Life," 
"Four American Leaders," and "The 
Durable Satisfactions of Life." He mar- 
ried (first) Ellen Derby Peabody, of Bos- 
ton, who died in 1869; and (second) 
Grace Mellen Hopkinson, of Cambridge, 

GLNEY, Richard, 

Iiawjflir, OAblaet Ofl«lal« 

Richard Olney was bom in Oxford 
Worcester county, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 15, 1835, son of Wilson and Eliza 
(Butler) Olney. His original American 
ancestor was Thomas Olney, who emi- 


grated from St. Albans, Hertfordshire, 
England, in 1635, ^^^ settled at Salem, 
Massachusetts. From thence in 1637 he 
accompanied Roger Williams in his exile 
to Rhode Island, and in course of time 
his descendants formed one of the most 
important families in the State. One of 
his descendants was Richard 01ney(i770- 
1841), who removed to Worcester county, 
Massachusetts, in 181 1, and became 
prominent as a merchant and cotton 
manufacturer. His eldest son was Wil- 
liam Olney (1802-74), a successful mer- 
chant and banker, who married Eliza L. 
Butler, of Oxford, daughter of Peter But- 
ler and granddaughter of James Butler. 
James Butler's wife was Mary Sigourney, 
great-granddaughter of Andrew Sigour- 
ney, a Huguenot, who fled from France 
on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 
and settled in Oxford in 1687. 

Richard Olney received his preliminary 
education at Leicester (Massachusetts) 
Academy, and g^duated with high honors 
from Brown University in 1836. He be- 
gan legal studies at the Harvard Law 
School, where he was recognized as a 
student of unusual acumen and industry, 
and was graduated in 1858. Admitted to 
the bar of Suffolk county, he entered the 
office of Judge Benjamin F. Thomas, with 
whom for twenty years the relations were 
exceedingly close, owing to their sympa- 
thy and congeniality of mind, and which 
produced striking results in the prepara- 
tion and presentation of their joint cases. 
Mr. Olney adopted as specialties the law 
of wills and estates and the law of corpo- 
rations; and, possessed of clearness of 
perception and soundness of judgment, 
coupled with a profound knowledge of 
legal principles, he was soon recognized 
as one of the best equipped lawyers at 
the bar of Boston. His grasp of all the 
aspects of a case was so exhaustive that 
his ultimatum has repeatedly been taken 

as the basis of a compromise, by oppos- 
ing counsel, who recognize the futility of 
appearing in court with a certainty of 
defeat. Moreover, his indefatigable in- 
dustry in the preparation of a case is 
always evidenced in an accumulation of 
facts, and a careful marshaling of evi- 
dence, which enable him to keep the 
whole case within easy reach. In recent 
years, Mr. Olney has carried on exten- 
sive practice as counsel for the Chicago 
Burlington & Quincy, the Boston & 
Maine, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, 
and other large railroads, and other cor- 
porations, and he is one of the best 
known authorities on all points of corpo- 
ration law. He has repeatedly been so- 
licited to accept a judgeship in the Su- 
preme Court of Massachusetts, and has 
as invariably declined, preferring practice 
at the bar. In 1874 he was a member of 
the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives. In 1893 b* ^^^* offered the port- 
folio of Attorney-General in the cabinet 
of President Qeveland, and after much 
serious deliberation accepted it. In this 
exalted position he amply justified his 
brilliant record as a practicing attorney, 
and in the various important issues w4iich 
arose during his tenure of office he made 
many important restatements of points in 
dispute in Federal jurisprudence. He 
counselled the action of President Cleve- 
land in calling out the Federal troops in 
July, 1894, to resist the riotous demon- 
strations at Chicago of the American 
Railway Union in its attempted boycott 
of the Pullman Car Company, on the 
ground that, under the provisions of the 
mterestate commerce and other laws, the 
national government must protect the 
mails and must prevent interference with 
the general railroad transportation of the 
country. In March, 1895, he successfully 
defended that action in an argument be- 
fore the Supreme Court in the habeas 


corpus proceedings brought in behalf of 
Eugene Debs, who had been convicted of 
inciting the strikers to disorderly acts. In 
November, 1894, he made a notable argu- 
ment upon the legality and propriety of 
labor organizations in a case before the 
Circuit Court of the United States, Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania, which he presented 
as "suggestions as amicus curiae by ex- 
press leave of the court," and in which 
he took the ground that labor organiza- 
tions are of the utmost value to both 
capital and labor in the adjustment of 
their disputes. Upon the death of Walter 
Q. Gresham, Mr. Olney succeeded him 
as Secretary of State, appointed by Presi- 
dent Cleveland, and took the oath of 
office June 10, 1895. Mr. Olney's admin- 
istration of this important office was char- 
acterized by a wise moderation in all 
important moves, although by a vigorous 
policy of activity when the right time had 
arrived, as was brilliantly exemplified 
in the Venezuelan imbroglio. He was 
tendered the ambassadorship to Great 
Britain by President Wilson, but declined. 
Mr. Olney is an extensive reader, and 
possesses the happy faculty of digesting 
and turning all things read to practical 
account. He is possessed of a vigorous 
constitution, which permits a high ten- 
sion of activity and produces the best 
results. He is a fellow of Brown Uni- 
versity, a member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society and of the American 
Philosophical Society, and a regent of 
the Smithsonian Institution. He received 
the honorary degree of LL. D. from Har- 
vard University in 1893, from Brown Uni- 
versity in 1894, and from Yale University 
in 1901. 

He was married, in 1861. to Agnes 
Park, daughter of Judge Benjamin F. 
Thomas, of Boston, They have two 
daughter, both married. 

MILES, Nelson A., 

Difltiiigiiiflked Soldier. 

Lieutenant-General Nelson Appleton 
Miles was born at Westminster, Massa- 
chusetts, August 8, 1839, son of Daniel 
and Mary (Curtis) Miles. His earliest 
American ancestor was Rev. John Miles, 
a Baptist minister and educator, who emi- 
grated from Wales in 1662 and settled at 
Swansea, Massachusetts; he served in 
King Philip's War. 

Nelson A. Miles was reared on fais 
father's farm, and received a district 
school and academic education. At the 
age of seventeen he went to Boston, and 
took a position in a crockery store. He 
had studied military science at the school 
of Colonel Salignac, a French officer, and 
at the outbreak of the Civil War he 
recruited a company and volunteered for 
service. In September, 1861, he was ap- 
pointed a captain in the Twenty-second 
Massachusetts Regiment, but was con- 
sidered too young for such responsibility, 
and he accepted a lieutenant's commis- 
sion. On May 31, 1862, he was com- 
missioned by Governor Morgan lieuten- 
ant-colonel of the Sixty-first New York 
Regiment ; was promoted to colonel, Sep- 
tember 30, 1862; was made a brigadier- 
general. May 12, 1864, and major-general, 
October 21, 1865, ^^ ^^^ volunteer estab- 
lishment. He became colonel of the 
Fortieth United States Infantry, July 28, 
1866; was transferred to the Fifth In- 
fantry, March 15, 1869; promoted to 
brigadier-general in the regular army, 
December 15, 1880, and to major-general, 
April 5, 1890. He saw severe active serv- 
ice during the seven days' fighting on the 
Virginia Peninsula and before Richmond 
in the summer of 1862, and was severely 
wounded at Fair Oaks. During the period 
between the battle of Fair Oaks and the 
change of base to Harrison's Landing, 


Miles acted as adjutant-general to the 
First Brigade, First Division, Second 
Corps ; but at Fredericksburg he led his 
regiment, the Sixty-first New York. In 
the battle of Chancellorsville he was so 
severely wounded that he was not ex- 
pected to recover, and was brevetted 
brigadier-general ''for gallant and meri- 
torious services" in that engagement ; and 
August 25, 1864, was brevetted major- 
general '*for highly meritorious and dis- 
tinguished conduct throughout the cam- 
paign, and particularly for gallantry and 
valuable services in the battle of Ream's 
Station, Virginia." He fought in all the 
battles of the Army of the Potomac, with 
one exception, up to the surrender of Lee 
at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. 

After the war General Miles, in com- 
mand of his regiment, was engaged 
against the Indians, and defeated the 
Cheyennes and Comanches on the Staked 
Plains in 1875, ^^^ ^^ ^^7^ broke up the 
hostile Sioux and other tribes in Mon- 
tana. His successes on the plains were so 
conspicuous that General Miles became 
known as the "Indian fighter." He drove 
the celebrated chief Sitting Bull across 
the Canadian frontiers, and dispersed ex- 
tensive bands led by Crazy Horse, Lame 
Deer, Spotted Eagle, Broad Trail, and 
other chiefs well-known in the far west. 
In June, 1876, General Custer's party was 
defeated and massacred on Little Big 
Horn river, an event which was followed 
by the prompt and decisive campaigns of 
General Miles. In September, 1877, ^^ 
outbreak of the Nez Perces Indians under 
Chief Joseph was met by Miles and 
speedily overcome, and in 1878 he cap- 
tured a. party of Bannocks near Yellow- 
stone Park. His most difficult campaign 
was that against the fierce Apache chief 
Geronimo, head of the most bloodthirsty 
and cruel tribe of Indians in North Amer- 
ica. After various Indian depredations 
and raids, General Sheridan sent out an 


expedition under General George Crooi 
in 1886, but it was unsuccessful, and Get 
eral Crook asked to be relieved^ ^whe 
General Miles succeeded him with th 
result that after one of the longest an 
most exhausting campaigns knaw^n t 
Indian warfare, the Apaches were force 
to yield. Miles and his troopers s:ivixi| 
them not an hour of rest. The entir 
band was captured, and Geronimo an< 
his principal followers were sent to For 
Pickens, Florida. Following these sue 
cesses, General Miles received the thank 
of the legislatures of Kansas, Montana 
New Mexico and Arizona, and on No 
vember 8, 1887, the citizens of Arizom 
presented him, at Tucson, with a sivan 
of honor. In 1890-91 General Miles sup 
pressed a fresh outbreak of Sioux am 
Cheyennes. In 1894, under orders froix 
President Cleveland, he commanded th< 
United States troops sent to Chicago tc 
suppress the rioting incident to the rail- 
road strike, which difficult duty he ac- 
complished with the celerity and com- 
pleteness which always characterized his 
conduct. General Miles commanded the 
Department of the Columbia, 1880-85; 
from July, 1885, to April, 1886, the De- 
partment of the Missouri; in April, 1886, 
was assigned to the command of the De- 
partment of Arizona, and in 1888 he was 
given command of the Division of the 
Pacific. General Miles represented the 
United States at the jubilee celebration 
of Queen Victoria in London, and also 
visited the seat of war between Turkey 
and Greece. On his return he published 
a volume on "Military Europe," having 
previously given to the public a volume 
of "Personal Recollections" (1897). 

On the retirement of General Schofield, 
in 1895, General Miles became com- 
mander-in-chief of the United States 
army. On April 9, 1898, war with Spain 
being imminent, he recommended the 
equipment of fifty thousand volunteers, 


and on April 15th recommended that an 
additional force of forty thousand be 
provided for the protection of coasts and 
as a reserve. In a letter to the Secretary 
of War, April i8th, he asserted his belief 
that the surrender of the Spanish army 
in Cuba could be secured "without any 
great sacrifice of life," but deprecated the 
sending of troops thither in the sickly 
season to cope with an acclimated army. 
War having been proclaimed, on April 
26th, he addressed a letter to Secretary 
Alger, declaring that the volunteer troops 
called into service ought to be in camp in 
their respective States for sixty days ap- 
proximately in order to be thoroughly 
equipped, drilled and organized. When 
information came that Cervera's fleet was 
closed up in the harbor of Santiago, and 
General Shafter was ordered to take his 
troops to the assistance of the navy in 
capturing the fleet and harbor, General 
Miles, then at Tampa, expressed to the 
Secretary of War his desire to go with 
this army corps or to immediately organ- 
ize another and go with it to join this and 
capture position No. 2 (Porto Rico). On 
the following day he was asked by tele- 
gram how soon he could have an expe- 
ditionary force ready to go to Porto Rico, 
large enough to take and hold the island 
without the force under General Shafter, 
and replied "within ten days." On June 
24th he stihmitteH a plan of campaigfn for 
Cuba ; on the 26th was ordered to organ- 
ize an expedition against the enemy in 
Cuba and Porto Rico, to be composed of 
the united forces of Generals Brooke and 
Shafter, and to command the same in per- 
son. He was not sent to Cuba, however, 
until two weeks later, arriving opposite 
Santiago with reinforcements for Shafter 
on July nth, at the time Sampson's fleet 
was bombarding the Spanish position. 
After conferences with Sampson and 
Shafter, the troops were disembarked ; on 
the 13th General Miles, with Generals Gil- 

more, Shafter, Wheeler and others, held a 
conference between the lines with Gen- 
eral Toral. The Spanish commander, was 
notified that he must surrender or take 
the consequences, and on the same day 
Secretary of War telegraphed General 
Miles "to accept surrender, order an as- 
sault, or withhold the same." On the 
morning of July 14th, General Toral sur- 
rendered to General Miles. General Miles 
authorized General Shafter to appoint 
commissioners to draw up articles of ca- 
pitulation and instructed him to isolate 
the troops to keep them free from infec- 
tion by yellow fever. On the same day 
Secretary Alger advised General Miles to 
return to Washington as soon as matters 
at Santiago were settled, and go to Porto 
Rico with an expedition that was being 
fitted out; but after some delay Miles 
obtained permission to proceed from 
Cuba. On July 21st he sailed from Guan- 
tanamo with an effective force of little 
more than three thousand men, while the 
Spanish regulars and volunteers in Porto 
Rico aggregated seventeen thousand. 
Proceeding to Guanica, near Ponce, there, 
on the 25th, troops were landed; Ponce 
surrendered to General Miles without re- 
sistance on the 27th, and the soldiers 
were received with enthusiasm by the 
citizens. A proclamation by General 
Miles, issued on the following day, as- 
sured the inhabitants of Porto Rico that 
the American forces came not to devas- 
tate or oppress, but to give them free- 
dom from Spanish rule and the blessings 
of the liberal institutions of the United 
States government. Town after town was 
occupied, as the army proceeded north- 
ward. General Brooke with his command 
arrived on August 3d to aid in occupying 
the island. On the 25th General Miles 
was instructed to send home all troops 
not actually needed, and soon after he 
returned to Washington, where he has 
resided to the present time. 


General Miles was married, in 1868, to 
Mary, daughter of Judge Sherman, of 
Ohio. They have one son and one daugh- 

LODGE, Henry Cabot, 

Henry Cabot Lodge was bom in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, May 12, 1850, son of 
John EUerton and Anna (Cabot) Lodge, 
grandson of Giles (born in England — 
came to America, 1772) and Mary (Lang- 
don) Lodge, and of Henry and Anna 
Sophia (Blake) Cabot, and a descendant 
of John Cabot, who emigrated from Jer- 
sey and settled in Salem, Massachusetts, 
about 1675. 

Henry Cabot Lodge was prepared for 
college at the schools of Thomas Russell 
Sullivan and Epes Sargent Dixwell, in 
Boston, and then entered Harvard Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated A. B. 
in 1871. About a month after graduation 
he sailed for Europe, spending over a 
year in travel; returned to the United 
States in 1872, and then entered Harvard 
Law School, where he was graduated 
LL. B. in 1874. In the same year he 
became assistant editor of the "North 
American Review," and so continued until 
November, 1876. He was admitted to 
practice at the Boston bar, April, 1875, 
and to the Suffolk bar in 1876. In 1875 
he was appointed lecturer in Harvard 
College on the history of the American 
Colonies, and continued giving instruc- 
tion in this branch and in the history of 
the United States for three years and in 
1880 was lecturer in the Lowell Institute, 
Boston. From March, 1879, to 1882, in 
association with John T. Morse, Jr., he 
was editor of the "International Review," 
of Boston. He was elected on the Repub- 
lican ticket member for the Tenth Dis- 
trict to the Massachusetts House of Rep- 
resentatives in November, 1879, and was 

reelected in x88o, serving with credit on 
the committees on bills in third reading^, 
on judiciary, and the joint special com- 
mittee on public service. In 1880 he inras 
chosen a member of the Republican State 
Central Committee from the First Essex 
District, being made chairman of its fi- 
nance committee. In the same year he 
was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention at Chicago, also serv- 
ing as secretary of the State delegation. 
In 1881 he was Republican candidate for 
the State Senate from the First Essex 
District, and was defeated by but 150 
votes out of 5,000 votes cast. Meanwhile, 
as chairman of the Republican State Cen- 
tral Committee, he was instrumental in 
defeating General Benjamin F. Butler 
when he was a candidate for reelection 
as Governor in 1883. He was delegate- 
at-large to the Republican National Con- 
vention in 1884, and in the following fall 
was nominated for Congress from the 
Sixth District. Although defeated in this 
election, he was again the nominee in 
1886, and was elected by nearly 1,000 
plurality. He served through the Fiftieth, 
Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses, 
1887-93, 2uid resigned his seat in the latter 
named year upon his election to the 
United States Senate as successor to 
Henry L. Dawes, whose term expired 
March 3, 1893. During his congressional 
career he was a member of several im- 
portant committees notably, on elections, 
naval affairs, and election of President, 
Vice-President and representatives. He 
made several able speeches on the floor 
of the House upon tariff, financial and 
election laws, and as chairman of the elec- 
tion committee prepared and presented 
the "force bill" in the Fifty-first Congress 
— a measure for securing an honest vote 
at Federal elections. His career in the 
Senate was signalized by such important 
services as speeches on the tariff, the 
navy, and foreign relations ; and the advo- 




cacy of the bill to restrict immigration; 
and he also served on the foreign rela- 
tions, civil service expenditures, and im- 
migration committees, being chairman of 
the latter. He was reelected to the Sen- 
ate in 1899 without a dissenting voice 
from the 150 Republican legislators, his 
second term to expire March 3, 1905 ; and 
was reelected in 1905, and 191 1, the last 
term of service to expire March 3, 191 7. 
He was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Conventions of 1884, 1888, 1892, 
1896 and 1900, and permanent chairman 
of the latter, which met in Philadelphia; 
chairman of the committee on resolutions 
of the Republican National Convention 
of 1904 at Chicago, and placed Thomas 
B. Reed in nomination for the presi- 
dency; permanent chairman of the Re- 
publican National Convention of 1908 at 
Chicago ; is a member of the Commission 
on Alaskan Boundary, appointed by 
President Roosevelt, and yet serving; 
and was a member of the United States 
Immigration Commission in 1907. He 
was a regent of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion during service in the House of Rep- 
resentatives, and appointed regent again 
in 1905. He was strongly urged for the 
Republican nomination for President by 
Colonel Roosevelt and others in 1916. 

Senator Lodge is a man of many-sided 
genius, excelling as a statesman, orator, 
and far-sighted political executive, and 
also in the wider domain of letters and 
scholarship. He has been one of the best 
known and most frequent contributors to 
periodical literature, principally on sub- 
jects political and historical. His earliest 
published monograph, ''Land Law of the 
Anglo-Saxons," since included in a work 
on "Anglo-Saxon Law," won him the 
degree of Ph. D. from Harvard College 
in 1876, and established his reputation as 
a historical authority and legal analyst. 
In 1877 appeared his "Life and Letters of 



Hon. George Cabot ;" followed by "Short 
History of the English Colonies in Amer- 
ica" (1881) ; "Life of Alexander Hamil- 
ton" (1882); "Life of Daniel Webster' 
(1883); "Studies in History" (1886) 
"Life of Washington," two vols. (1889) 
all in the "American Statesman" series 
"History of Boston" (Historic Towns 
series, 1891 ) ; "Historical and Political 
Essays" (1892); "Speeches" (1895); 
"Hero Tales from American History," 
with Theodore Roosevelt (1895); "Cer- 
tain Accepted Heroes, and Other Essays 
in Literature' ahd Politics ;" "Story of the 
Revolution" (two vols.); "Story of the 
Spanish War;" "A Fighting Frigate; 
"A Frontier Town;" "Early Memories; 
"One Hundred Years of Peace;" "The 
Story of the American Revolution ;" "Cer- 
tain Accepted Heroes ;" and "The Democ- 
racy of the Constitution." He edited 
"Ballads and Lyrics" and "The Complete 
Works of Alexander Hamilton" (nine 

Senator Lodge was elected a member of 
the Massachusetts and Virginia Histor- 
ical societies; the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences; the American Anti- 
quarian Society; the American Institute 
of Arts and Letters ; and the New Eng- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society. In 
1877 he was appointed vice-president and 
commissioner for Massachusetts of the 
commission that superintended the cele- 
bration of the framing of the United 
States Constitution. He was elected an 
overseer of Harvard University in 1884, 
and received the degree of Doctor of 
Laws from Williams College, Clark Uni- 
versity, Yale University, Harvard Uni- 
versity, and Amherst College. 

Senator Lodge married, June 29, 1871, 
Anna Cabot Mills, daughter of Rear- 
Admiral Charles H. Davis, United States 
Navy, a resident of Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, and they were the parents of 



three children, among whom was George 
Cabot Lodge, who was appointed an act- 
ing ensign in the United States Navy, 
April 23, 1898, and assigned to the cruiser 
"Dixie," commanded by his uncle, Cap- 
tain Charles H. Davis. 

ADAMS, Charles Francis, 

Charles Francis Adams, a publicist and 
author of more than national reputation, 
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, May 
^7' iS3S> ^^^ ^^ Charles Francis and 
Abigail Brown (Brooks) Adams. His 
father was the distinguished diplomatist 
of the same n^me. 

He was graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege with the class of 1856, and then stud- 
ied law in the Boston office of Richard 
H. Dana, Jr., and was admitted to the 
bar in 1858. He was busied with his pro- 
fession until the breaking out of the Civil 
War, when he entered the army, in which 
he served until the restoration of peace, 
having made a most creditable record. 
Early in 1861 he was commissioned first 
lieutenant in the First Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Cavalry, being subsequently pro- 
moted to the rank of captain. His service 
was principally in the Army of the Poto- 
mac, in Virginia, and he commanded a 
squadron throughout the Gettysburg 
campaign, and in General Grant's oper- 
ation against Richmond in 1864. On Sep- 
tember I, 1864, he was honorably must- 
ered out to accept commission as lieuten- 
ant-colonel of the Fifth Massachusetts 
Cavalry Regiment (colored), and was on 
duty at Point Lookout, Maryland, until 
January, 1865, when he went home on 
sick leave. While there he was offered 
appointment on the staff of Major- 
General A. A. Humphreys, commanding 
the Second Army Corps, but declined, 
was promoted to the colonelcy of his regi- 

ment, and entered the city of Richmond 
at its head. The war being over, he re- 
signed, August I, 1865, having received 
the brevet of brigadier-general of volun- 
teers for distinguished gallantry and effi- 
ciency at the battles of Secessionville, 
South Mountain and Antietam, and for 
meritorious services during the war. 

On returning to civil life, General 
Adams became identified with railway- 
interests. In 1869 he was appointed a 
member of the Massachusetts Board of 
Railway Commissioners, and served as 
such, under successive reappointments, 
for ten years, being chairman of the board 
for seven years. From 1879 ^^ ^884 he 
was a member of the board of arbitration 
of the Trunk Line railroad organization, 
and served as either chairman of the 
board or as sole arbitrator. He repre- 
sented the government as a member of 
the board of directors of the Union Pacific 
Railway Company, from 1877 ^^ June, 
1884, in which year he was made presi- 
dent of the corporation, and served as 
such until 1890. In 1892 he was appointed 
a member of the advisory commission 
which planned the metropolitan park sys- 
tem of Massachusetts, and served as its 
chairman, and the following year was 
appointed on the permanent commission 
which carried that system into effect, and 
served as chairman until 1895, when he 
resigned. He was chosen to the board 
of overseers of Harvard College in 1882, 
serving until 1894, and being reelected in 
the following year. He became a member 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 
1875, was vice-president in 1890, and presi- 
dent in 1895. He was also a fellow of the 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
and a member of the American Philo- 
sophical Society, and of numerous scien- 
tific, patriotic and literary bodies. In 
1895 he received the degree of LL. D. 
from Harvard University, and in 1909 



from Princeton University. He has con- 
tributed largely to the leading magazines 
and reviews. In 1871, in collaboration 
with his brother, Henry Adams, he pub- 
lished "Chapters on Erie, and Other 
Essays." In the same year he published 
"Railroads : Their Origin and Problems," 
and in 1879 "Notes on Railroad Acci- 
dents." In 1874 he turned his attention 
principally to the investigation of subjects 
connected with New England history, 
preparing from time to time numerous 
addresses, essays and miscellaneous 
papers. His further volumes were: 
"Three Episodes of Massachusetts His- 
tory," "Life of Charles Francis Adams" 
(his father), "Richard Henry Dana, a 
Biography," "A College Fetich," "Lee at 
Appomattox," etc. He delivered at var- 
ious times three Phi Beta Kappa ad- 

He married, November 8, 1865, Mary 
Hone Ogden, daughter of Edward and 
Caroline Callender Ogden, of Newport, 
Rhode Island. 

HOLMES, Oliver W., 


Oliver Wendell Holmes, Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, was born in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, March 8, 1841, son of Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes, the distinguished phy- 
sician, professional instructor and author. 

He was prepared for college at the 
Dixwell school in Boston, and entered 
Harvard College, being graduated there- 
from in 1 861, while serving as a volunteer 
in the Fourth Infantry Battalion at Fort 
Independence, at the outbreak of the 
War for the Union. He then enlisted in 
the Twentieth Regiment Massachusetts 
Volunteers, with which he served in the 
Army of the Potomac for a full term of 
three years. His military record was 

most creditable. At the battle of Ball's 
Bluff, Virginia, he was wounded in the 
breast ; and in the splendid but ineffectual 
assault upon Marye's Heights, at Peters- 
burg, Virginia, he was wounded in the 
foot. He served as aide on the staff of 
General Horatio G. Wright, and was pro- 
moted to the rank of captain, being must- 
ered out as such July 17, 1864, at the ex- 
piration of his term of service. On leav- 
ing the army he entered the Harvard Law 
School, from which he was graduated 
with the Bachelor of Laws degree in 
1866. He was admitted to the bar of 
Massachusetts the following year, and 
subsequently to the bar of the United 
States Supreme Court. He was first 
associated in practice with his brother, 
Edward J. Holmes, and from 1873 to 
1882 was a member of the law firm of 
Shattuck, Holmes & Munroe. Meantime 
he had been called to instructional duties 
at the Harvard Law School, serving as 
instructor in constitutional law, 1870-71 ; 
and from 1870 to 1873 was editor of the 
"American Law Review," to which he 
made various contributions. In 1880 he 
delivered a course of lectures before the 
Lowell Institute, on "The Common 
Law." In 1882 he was called to a chair 
in the Harvard Law School, but was al- 
most immediately an Associate Justice of 
the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, and 
served as such until August 2, 1899, when 
he was advanced to the Chief Justiceship, 
to succeed W. A. Field, deceased. In 
1902 President Roosevelt appointed him 
an Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, to succeed 
Justice Horace Gray, resigned. 

As a jurist. Justice Holmes has not 
contented himself with simply following 
precedents and rules, but has broadly dis- 
criminated with relation to the history of 
precedent cases, and thorough analysis of 
their relation to the case in hand. In the 



broadest sense a scholar and critic, he has 
made various valuable contributions to 
professional literature. His opinions 
handed down from the Supreme Court of 
Massachusetts appear in forty-five vol- 
umes of the ''Reports/' and are marked 
with a degree of literary ability peculiar- 
ly his own, occasionally adorned with a 
humor which never descends below the 
proper dignity. He also edited ''Kent's 
Commentaries," — and his work is recog- 
nized as the American standard of that 
famous production. In 1881 he published 
his "Common Law," an expansion of his 
lectures upon that subject, delivered be- 
fore the Lowell Institute. A number of 
his speeches have also been put into print. 
He is a member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. He receive the de- 
gree of LL. D. from Yale College in 1886, 
and from Harvard University in 1895. 

He married, June 16, 1872, Fanny, 
daughter of Epes S. Dixwell, of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 

CHOATE, Joseph H., 

Diploauitiity Omtor. 

Joseph Hodges Choate was born in 
Salem, Massachusetts, January 24, 1832, 
son of George and Margaret Manning 
(Hodges) Choate. His father was a skill- 
ed physician, a graduate of Harvard, and 
a member of the General Court. The 
family dates from early Colonial times, 
and numbers many members of gjeat dis- 
tinction, including the famous Rufus 

Joseph Hodges Choate graduated from 
Harvard College in his twentieth year, 
fourth in his class, in which his elder 
brother, William Gardiner Choate, was 
first. He graduated from the Harvard 
Law School two years later, read law for 
a time with Leverett Saltonstall in Bos- 
ton, and entered upon practice in 1855, 

but the same year located in New York 
City. After a brief association with the 
firm of Scudder & Carter, Mr. Choate 
presented to William M. Evarts a letter 
of introduction from Rufus Choate, his 
father's cousin, and this brought him 
into service in the offices of Butler, 
Evarts & Southmayd. Later he became 
a member of the firm of Choate & Barnes, 
which subsequently became Evarts, 
Southmayd & Choate, and Evarts, 
Choate & Beaman. During his long pro- 
fessional career Mr. Choate has probably 
been unrivalled, and he has conducted 
many of the most notable cases against 
the most accomplished lawyers of the 
country. A few of these may be noted — 
the case in which he successfully estab- 
lished the genuineness of the famous Ces- 
nola Cypriote antiquities in the Metro- 
politan Museum of Art; the Credit 
Mobilier litigation; the liability of Rus- 
sell Sage for damages, when sued by one 
who claimed he had been used as a shield 
by Mr. Sage at the time of the dynamite 
explosion in the latter's office; various 
cases involving the Standard Oil and 
Tobacco trusts ; and many important will 
cases — ^Tilden, Vanderbilt, Stewart, Cru- 
ger, Drake, Hoyt and others. He was 
successful before the Inter-State Com- 
merce Commission in securing material 
reductions in railroad freight rates on 
milk for the New York market. In the 
United States Supreme Court defended 
Neagle, who shot Judge Terry, of Cali- 
fornia, in defense of Justice Field ; saved 
the Leland Stanford University from im- 
poverishment under an attempt of the 
government to collect millions of dollars 
from the estate of the donor; the Bell 
Telephone case; the Behring Sea case, 
in which he represented the Canadian 
government; the Pullman Palace Car 
Company case, involving millions of dol- 
lars; the alcohol-in-the-arts case, involv- 


ii'crrA/t. Jv^!<^'-a.i^ 



ing immense sums. In constitutional law 
Mr. Choate has been largely engaged and 
with brilliant success, in a large series of 
cases, too numerous to here recapitulate^ 
but especially notable among which was 
the anti-trust law of Texas, and which as 
a result has been substantially enacted in 
a majority of the States of the Union. In 
1879 ^^^ ^id w^s potent in successfully 
defending General Fitz-John Porter be- 
fore the commission appointed by Presi- 
dent Hayes to inquire into the justice of 
the court-martial which unranked that 
officer for unmilitary conduct during the 
Civil War» and brought about his restor- 
ation. He was a moving spirit in the 
committee of seventy which in 1871 broke 
up the notorious Tweed ring. In his pro- 
fession it has habitually been said of him 
that he has been more sought after to rep- 
resent important interests and argue test 
cases, than perhaps any other lawyer in 
America; and that the feeling is current 
that a case placed in his hands is as nearly 
certaih of success as is at all possible. 

Mr. Choate was among the organizers 
of the Republican party in 1856, and vig- 
orously supported its first presidential 
candidate, John C. Fremont, on the 
stump, and he has similarly given his aid 
to the Republican candidate in every 
presidential campaign since. In 1894 he 
was president of the New York State 
Constitutional Convention. He never 
stood as a candidate for office but once, in 
1895, when he allowed his name to be 
used for the position of United States 
Senator, as a protest against machine 
methods. Notable as a public speaker, 
among his fine oratorical efforts are to be 
named his address on Abraham Lincoln ; 
that on the occasion of the unveiling of 
the Farragut statue in New York in 
1881 ; and that in Boston, in 1898, on the 
unveiling of the statue of Rufus Choate. 

In 1899 President McKinley appointed 
Mr. Choate to the British ambassador- 

ship, to succeed John Hay, this being ap- 
proved with enthusiasm in both countries^ 
and his five years' service was highly 
creditable to himself and satisfactory to 
both nations. While in England he re- 
ceived the signal compliment of election 
as a bencher of the Middle Temple. He 
was ambassador and first United States 
delegate to the International Peace Con- 
ference at the Hague, in 1907; is vice- 
president of the American Society for the 
Judicial Settlement of International Dis- 
putes; foreign honorary fellow of the 
Royal Society of Literature ; and a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Colonial Soci- 
ety. He has been president of the Union 
League, Harvard Club and New England 
Society of New York; the New York 
City, State, and American Bar Associ- 
ations ; Harvard Law School Association ; 
president of the Harvard Alumni Asso- 
ciation; trustee of the Metropolitan 
Museum of Arts and Sciences, and of the 
American Museum of Natural History, of 
each from its organization; and is a 
member of the American Philosophical 
Association, a governor of the New York 
Hospital, and a trustee of the Equitable 
Life Assurance Society. 

He was married, in 1861, to Caroline 
Dutcher, daughter of Frederick A. Sterl- 
ing, of Cleveland, Ohio. 

ROLFE, William J., 

JcmmmUmtf Avthor. 

William James Rolfe, a brilliant litter- 
ateur, was bom in Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts, December 10, 1827, son of John 
and Lydia Davis (Moulton) Rolfe, and 
descended in the paternal line from an 
early settler of Newbury. The Rolfe 
family is noted in the record of Haverhill 
and elsewhere in Massachusetts. 

William James Rolfe received his early 
education in Lowell, and entered Amherst 
College, but at the end of three years 



abandoned his course to enter upon teach- 
ing. He taught in Kirkwood (Maryland) 
Academy and Day's Academy at Wren- 
tham, Massachusetts. In 1852 he became 
master of the Dorchester High School, in 
1857 ^^ ^^^ Lawrence High School, in 
1861 of the Salem High School. In 1862 
he became master of the high school at 
Cambridge, resigning in 1868 to devote 
himself to literary pursuits. For several 
years he was editor of the Shakespeariana 
department of the "Literary World/' 
Boston, and afterward of the "Critic," 
New York. In collaboration with J. H. 
Hanson he published "A Handbook of 
Latin Poetry" in 1865; edited "Craik's 
English of Shakespeare" in 1867 ; in con- 
nection with J. A. Gillet produced the 
"Cambridge Course in Physics," six vol- 
umes, in 1867-69; and in 1870 an edition 
of Shakespeare's "Merchant of Venice," 
following it with other Shakespearian 
plays until he had expanded the work to 
forty volumes. He also edited selections 
from the poetry of Gray, Goldsmith, 
Wordsworth, and Browning ; also "Minor 
Poems of Milton," Scott's "Lady of the 
Lake," "Marmion," and "The Lay of the 
Last Minstrel;" a complete edition of 
"Scott's Poems," Tennyson's "Princess ;" 
three volumes of selections from Tenny- 
son; Byron's "Childe Harold;" Mrs. 
Browning's "Sonnets from the Portu- 
gese;" in collaboration with his son, 
John C. Rolfe, Macaulay's "Lays of An- 
cient Rome ;" and several volumes of ele- 
mentary "English Classics" for school 
use. He received the honorary degree 
of Master of Arts from Harvard College 
in 1859, ^^^ irom Amherst College in 
1865, ^^^ from the latter institution that 
of Lit. D. in 1887. He is an honorary 
editor of the "North American Review," 
to which he has made numerous brilliant 
He married, in Dorchester, Massachu- 

setts, July 30, 1856, Eliza J. Carew, 
daughter of Joseph and Eleanor (Grif- 
fiths) Carew. Their three sons all gradu- 
ated from Harvard College. 


James Frothingham Hunnewell, noted 
as an antiquarian and author, as well as 
an enterprising business man, was bom 
in Charlestown, Massachusetts, July 3, 
1832, son of James and Susan Hunne- 
well, and on the paternal side a represen- 
tative of a family that has resided in 
Charlestown since 1698, the ancestors on 
his maternal side having settled there 
considerably earlier, in the year 1630. 
The old Hunnewell homestead, located on 
the original site of a portion of the 
Bunker Hill battle ground, is roomy and 
comfortable, and surrounded with a gar- 
den wherein are many old and beautiful 

James F. Hunnewell acquired his edu- 
cation principally by attendance at 
private schools in his native city, being 
deprived of further instructional advan- 
tages by reason of impaired eyesight. In 
1849, ^^ ^^^ ^S^ o^ seventeen years, he 
entered upon his active business career 
in the employ of his father, who for many 
years had been a successful merchant, 
having established a mercantile house in 
Honolulu in the year 1826, and which was 
in successful operation until 1895. The 
business was with distant foreign ports, 
especially with the Hawaiian Islands, and 
with the west coast of America, but about 
the year 1866, when American foreign 
commerce had seriously declined, both 
father and son retired from active busi- 
ness, the death of the father occurring 
three years later, 1869. In the mean- 
time, James F. Hunnewell had devoted 
considerable time and attention to anti- 


r " 

' -: »• 




AJriYWI. L'^^•^^ 


quarian and historical subjects, from 
which he ever derived great pleasure and 
profit, but with no pecuniary return. He 
has traveled extensively both at home and 
abroad, and during these journeys he has 
made voluminous notes concerning the 
condition of a great number of places he 
has visited, and of objects important in 
art or history, among them fully four 
hundred cathedrals, abbeys and churches, 
of special note. The collecting of books 
has always been one of his favorite pas- 
times, even from early life, and he is now 
the possessor of a library of unusual size, 
representing art, antiquities and history, 
including many in what are known as 
historic bindings. He was elected to the 
office of trustee of the public schools of 
Charlestown, and by faithful performance 
of duties entailed was reelected twice in 
succession, and he also served as trustee 
of the Public Library of Charlestown for 
eight terms. For a period of almost four 
decades he has served in an official capac- 
ity in the First Parish, and during a large 
portion of that time was chairman of its 
standing committee. In 1887 ^^ ^^^ ^P" 
pointed president of the Gas & Electric 
Company, was appointed vice-president of 
the Winchester Home (a charity main- 
tained by union of denominations), a 
vice-president of the New England Mort- 
gage Security Company, a trustee of the 
Five-Cent Savings Bank, and director of 
the Bunker Hill Monument Association. 
In connection with Hawaii, he was many 
years president of the Hawaiian Club, 
and treasurer of the American Endow- 
ment of Oahu College and a correspond- 
ing member of the Hawaiian Historical 
Society. For many years he was a direc- 
tor of the New England Historic-Gene- 
alogical Society ; member of the American 
Antiquarian Society, his membership dat- 
ing from 1867; an officer in the Society 
for Propagating the Gospel; a life mem- 

11AS8-V0I iv-^ 17 

ber of the Archaeological Institute of 
America ; an original member and a direc- 
tor of the Boston Marine Society; a 
member of the Prince Society, the Boston 
Memorial Society, and the Union, St. 
Botolph, Athletic, Odd Volumes, Massa- 
chusetts Reform and Exchange clubs. 

Results of his work, travels and book- 
collecting appear in his published and 
.privately printed volumes. Of the former 
are: "The Laqds of Scott," "Bibliogra- 
phy of Charlestown and Bunker Hill," 
"The Historical Monuments of France," 
"The Imperial Island," as "England's 
Chronicle in Stone" (John Murray, Lon- 
don), and "A Century of Town Life, 
Charlestown, 1775-1887," "Triumph of 
Early Printing," "Historical Museums" 
and "Early American Poetry," in five 
volumes. Privately printed by him are: 
"Civilization of the Hawaiian Islands, 
with a Bibliography ;" "Memorials of My 
Father, of My Mother, and of the First 
Church," and "Records of the First 
Church, 1632-1789," "A Relation of Vir- 
ginia, 1609, by Henry Spehman," "A 
Journal of the Missionary Packet, Bos- 
ton to Honolulu, 1826," (by his father), 
a very remarkable voyage. In addition 
to these are: "Illustrated Americana," 
reprinted from the proceedings of the 
American Antiquarian Society, and sev- 
eral other papers read to clubs and soci- 
eties, or for other purposes. 

On April 3, 1872, Mr. Hunnewell mar- 
ried Sarah Melville, daughter of Ezra 
Famsworth, of Boston, Massachusetts. 

BOWERS, Alphouo Benjamin, 

GlTil, MeclMiaioal amd H^draiillo EBglme^ri 
ZnTeator of tbe Art of Hydvavlio Drodc- 
ins and of tlio Hydraulie Drodco. 

An octogenarian in years-, but young 
physically, and in mental vigor, he is one 
of the broad-minded, many-sided, live men 


of to-day, whose achievements are indeed 
remarkable. And one of the most remark- 
able things concerning his remarkable 
life, besides its long continued energy, 
is the early age at which its development 
began. He had taught his first school, 
written his first newspaper article, de- 
livered several political speeches, built 
his first dam, and could manage his 
father's mills before he was sixteen years 
of age. 

He was born September 2$, 1830, at 
West Baldwin, Maine, lived for many 
years in California, but is now a resident, 
with headquarters in Lynn, Massachu- 
setts. He is a son of Wilder and Sarah 
Hay (Thompson) Bowers; of Revolu- 
tionary and Anglo-Norman stock on both 
sides, both of whom were in early life, 
residents of Massachusetts, with records 
running back in several lines without a 
break, to William, the Conqueror ; Alfred, 
the Great, and Charlemagne — as is shown 
by authentic records in the New York 
Public Library, whence it follows that he 
is descended from all the old Royal fami- 
lies of Europe. Indeed many authorities 
carry his ancestry back two thousand 
years to B. C. 75 (others say A. D. 300), 
to Odin, the warrior-king, conqueror, ma- 
gician, law-giver, statesman, orator, and 
poet ; the founder of many Royal dynas- 
ties — founder, chief deity, father of the 
Gods of the Norse Mythology, and inven- 
tor of the runic alphabet, while Bethams 
carries one line of his ancestry to 1038 

His American ancestry on his father's 
side is George Bower (i), of Roxbury, 
about 1630, later of Scituate, Plymouth 
and Cambridge; Captain Jerathmeel 
Bowers (2), of Chelmsford, Massachu- 
setts; Captain Jonathan Bowers (3), of 
Billerica, Massachusetts; Captain Josiah 
Bowers (4), of Billerica; Benjamin 
Bowers (5), also of Billerica; Wilder 


Bowers (6), of Billerica and West Bal<l— 
win, Maine ; he himself being the seventh 
generation in America. 

His great-grandfathers. Captain Josiala 
Bowers and Major Jonathan Stickney, 
were officers in the Revolutionary armj-, 
while Daniel Thompson, another great— 
grandfather, was killed at the battle of 
Lexington. His grandfather, Benjamin 
Bowers, just out of his "teens," served as 
a private, while his other grandfather, 
Isaac Snow Thompson, fourteen years 
old, was a privateersman, captured with 
ship and crew by the British, but re- 
leased and put on shore because their 
captors were short of food. 

While it is in the inventive, mechan- 
ical, and business worlds that his fame b 
greatest, his marvelous versatility, activ- 
ity and energy gave him early in life 
prominence in many lines of useful work, 
and annexed to his individuality a group 
of striking and graceful accomplishments. 
He has been not merely a distinguished 
inventor, but a civil, mechanical, and 
hydraulic engineer, who has done good 
work in each of these branches; a sur- 
veyor, topographer and clever photo- 
grapher; an architect and builder who 
has designed and erected both public and 
private edifices ; a miner for a short time 
only ; a litterateur who adds to his mental 
equipment the ability of an interesting 
and witty writer, lecturer, debater and 
public speaker. His signature to a scien- 
tific, historic, genealogical, or mechanical 
treatise is a guarantee of its value, while 
for some of the magazines he has written 
graceful verse. 

May not heredity explain much in the 
life of this man? Many interesting fea- 
tures make up his history and character, 
only a few of which can be given here. 
He crossed the Isthmus in July, 1853, on 
his way to California, where he began at 
once to help build the state; first as a 
miner, then for several years instructor 

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in public and higher schools, owing to a 
sun-stroke that obliged him to seek in- 
door occupation, Principal in charge of the 
Benicia Collegiate Institute; of the San 
Francisco Classical High School, and of 
the Petafbuma public schools, all of which 
he helped to organize and establish with 
personal effort and pen — winning high 
reputation as educator and writer. 

He was quick to recognize the eco- 
nomic and agricultural values of irriga- 
tion and swamp-land reclamation, in Cali- 
fornia, and, making himself familiar with 
the engineering problems involved, and 
the best methods practiced in Holland, 
Egypt, Asia-Minor, India, China and 
Japan, became a pioneer writer and pam- 
phleteer on those imi>ortant subjects ; but 
in all this, he was many years ahead of 
the times. His fruitless search for ma- 
chines suited to the rapid and economical 
construction of the works he had been 
recommending led in 1863 to the inven- 
tion of his device for transporting spoil 
from ordinary dredgers, consisting of a 
receiver and pump on a lighter or barge, 
and a discharge-pipe composed of a series 
of sections flexibly connected together and 
supported on the water by floats. This 
had a transporting capacity greatly in ex- 
cess of the excavating capacity of any 
dredge then in use, and was quickly fol- 
lowed by his invention in 1864, of the Art 
of Hydraulic Dredging, and the Hydraulic 

But he had been authorized by special 
act of the Legislature to prepare and pub- 
lish an elaborate subdivisional map of 
Sonoma county, California, and was 
under bonds to complete it, so his inven- 
tions had to wait. He was* also for several 
years in charge of the sales of the 
State School, swamp, and tide lands, and 
deputy surveyor general for the rectifica- 
tion and establishment of county bounda- 
ries. His map, covering an area of fifteen 
hundred square miles, was finished and 

published in 1866-67. Through a techni- 
cal defect in the act authorizing this 
work, he was unable to collect payment 
therefor, though he carried the case to 
the Supreme Court This entailed a loss, 
including work, litigation, money ex- 
pended, and interest on borrowed money, 
of over $53,000, les^yiog him with an in- 
debtedness' that ioifg delayed the patent- 
ing 6f vtijls invention, and harassed and 
embittered his life for many years, until 
his debts, amounting to oyer $100,000, had 
finally be^n«;paid witih interest long after 
most of thdHtr-vfirt Outlawed — ^barred by 
the statute of^litntnitions. In 1861 and 
again in 1863 ^^ was a delegate to the Re- 
publican State convention, and at the 
latter declined the nomination for sur- 
veyor general when nomination was 
equivalent to election. 

After the completion of his map in 
1866-67, he sought unceasingly to interest 
capital in the patenting and building of 
his dredge, until he became known 
throughout the Pacific slope as "The 
crazy crank who thinks he can pump 
mud." Not until 1878, after fourteen 
years of persistent effort, was he able to 
build his first dredge — ^the first ever con- 
structed, capable of severing hard ma- 
terial from the bottom of waterways, 
raising it by atmospheric pressure, and 
sending it through a flexibly-connected 
floating discharge-pipe to a distant place 
of deposit. This, according to the report 
of the engineers who made the tests, was 
a small 12-inch experimental affair run 
by a single engine of 43.85 indicated 
horse-power, with an average capacity of 
6j4 cubic yards per minute, delivered at 
the surface of the water through 320 feet 
of pipe, in a run of three hours, a record 
per horse-power unequaled by any sub- 
sequent dredge. This heavy percentage 
of solid material was due to an inner 
cylinder within the cutter, that admitted 
barely enough water for transporting the 



spoil through a short pipe, and is not 
used except for filling an enclosure too 
small to serve as a settling basin and 
close to the excavation. Since then, hy- 
draulic dredges with 20-inch suction-pipes 
and high power, have repeatedly handled 
over 500,000, and in one or two instances, 
in soft material, 1,000,000 cubic yards per 
month, as against the 25,000 to 40,000 
yards, best month's work, of the old ma- 
chines at the date of the Bowers' inven- 

But, delayed by interferences in the 
patent office, and other causes, his patents 
had not yet been granted. Infringements 
sprang up all over the' country, after the 
building of his first dredge, and he was 
powerless to stop them. Before any of 
his patents were granted, nervous pros- 
tration from care, anxiety, worriment 
over infringements and debts, typhoid 
fever, and mental overwork brought him 
to the brink of the grave. Three doctors 
in consultation declared him to be suffer- 
ing from softening of the brain, and not 
likely to live six months. 

Determined to fight for his life, he 
mapped out for himself a rigid systematic 
course of exercising, dieting, deep breath- 
ing, sleeping and living with windows 
wide open, and as much as possible, in 
the open air. This further delayed the 
issuance of his patents, since he had been 
allowed, by his doctors, to work but one 
hour per day. At the end of three years, 
though not fully recovered, he again took 
up his work. As soon as possible after 
the issuance of his patents, he brought 
suit against infringers, employing in 
prosecution of some sixty suits, more 
than twenty attorneys, one of whom he 
disbarred. Good lawyers and bad ones 
have strewn the records of the courts, in 
many states, with thousands of pages of 
useless testimony in vain attempts to 
defeat his patents. 

"Peace hath her victories no less than 
war." A momentary enthusiasm will 
carry a man to the cannon's mouth, but 
he who fights on, day after day, and year 
after year, for scores of years, and finally 
prevails against sickness, suffering, pov- 
erty, unlimited capital, the highest legal 
talents, and the law's delays, must be 
made olF sterner stuff. He requires no 
less courage, energy, activity, and ability, 
and is no less a hero, than he who wades 
through blood and slaughter to victories 
on land or sea. Who can beg^dge him 
a rich reward ? 

Mr. £(owers was once asked how he 
came to invent the hydraulic dredge. He 
said, "That was largely due to my mother, 
a cultured, refined and christian lady. 
She thought the life best worth living 
was one of usefulness to others, and re- 
gretted that it would have been just as 
well for the world had many, even decent, 
people never been bom. She was greatly 
desirous that this should not be true of 
me. Under her influence this became the 
ambition of my life. My success as a 
teacher led me to think this purpose 
could best be served as an educator. 

"The south end of Sonoma Mountain 
sloped gently to a large expanse of salt 
marsh fronting on San Pablo Bay some 
twenty-five miles north of San Francisco, 
California. This could be purchased, at 
that time, for a moderate sum. The salt 
marsh could be bought for $1.00 per acre. 
I looked longingly upon this sloping land 
and adjacent marsh. Here, I thought, 
was an ideal location for a large nearly 
self-supporting institution where orphan 
children could be educated and taught 
agriculttu-e, trades, or receive training 
for professional or business careers. It 
was this that led me to investigate the 
methods and machinery for reclaiming 
marsh lands — ^to study irrigation — ^write 
and distribute pamphlets on these sub- 



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..)\vEKs AS wr. si;k -im-.-gam?: to tiik i^vsr 




jects, at my own expense, and invent the 
Art of Hydraulic Dredging and the hy- 
draulic dredge — the fruitful parents of 
most of my misfortunes, though largely 
conducive, after all, to the main purpose 
of my life — the benefiting of my fellow- 

The study of law always had an attrac* 
tion for his analytical mind. Long before 
he had become a victim of "the laws de- 
lays" he had attacked that study with the 
fierce energy that formed a part of his 
mental equipment. He read common and 
civil law, and many standard legal au- 
thorities, and although he never practiced, 
was well grounded in the fundamental 
principles of law. He was also well read 
in most of the "ologies" of the day. He 
had sought to interest a manufacturer in 
San Francisco in his dredge, and had been 
told to "take out your papers, and then 
we can use your inventions without 
infringing your patents." This put him 
on his guard. Dissatisfied with the 
specifications and claims of his patent 
attorneys, he revoked their powers, and 
took personal charge of his applica* 
tions. This necessitated the study oi 
patent law, and into this wilderness he 
plunged as if it was a garden of roses. 
If the manufacturer ever contemplated 
using his invention without infringing his 
patents, he abandoned the idea when the 
patents came out They are said to cover 
everything of patentable value in hy- 
draulic dredging. It was owing to this 
fact that Mr. Bowers had so many law- 
suits with infringers of his patents. 

The report of the United States Engi- 
neers show more work done in the last 
twenty years by his system of dredging 
and filling than by all others combined 
since the settlement of the country. 

To the struggling and ambitious young 
man who imagines that he is, by poverty, 
debarred from success, there is an in- 
structive object lesson in the life of this 

inventor, who, after more than thirty 
years persistent effort, including many 
years of stubborn litigation, finally won a 
victory having few if any parallels in 
the history of patents ; but his fame as an 
inventor pales before that due to him for 
the courage, energy and persistency with 
which he kept up the fight, and battled 
for his rights. 

From the decision of the U. S. Circuit 
Court of Appeals in Von Schmidt v. 
Bowers, on appeal from a decision by 
Judge McKenna, now of the United 
States Supreme Court, we quote the fol- 
lowing : 

I. "The record in this case is very voluminous, 
embracing 2,477 printed pages and including 
a vast nuniber of ^sxhiibits. 

3. 'Trior to the complainant (Bowers) coming 
into the field, there was no machine, by what- 
ever name known, that would, by the simul- 
taneous and continuous cooperation of the var- 
ious elements, cut and remove hard material 
from a waterway, and itself transport the same 
to any desired distance and place. 

3. "The complainant undertook to accomplish 
that thing. 

4. 'The testimony of the complainant in respect 
to the time when the drawings Exhibits DD and 
EE were made (July, 1864) finds corroboration 
in the testimony of the witnesses Houghton, 
McC^nn, Bender, Shaw and Gray. 

5. "They show not only an altogether new 
combination of elements, for the transportation 
of the spoils, but also 

6. "Something radically new in rotary exca- 
vators, namely 

7. "A rotary excavator with inward delivery 
through itself in combination with a suction- 

8. "They show a dredge-boat having two self- 
contained pivots or centers of oscillation for the 
swinging of the boat while at work. 

9. "A flexible joint (in the discharge-pipe) 
near the pivots. 

10. "A discharge-pipe consisting of an inner 
flexible oscillating section, a series of sections 
flexibly joined together and supported by floats 
and an outer rigid non-oscillating section. 

11. "A suction-pipe for raising the spoil, 
la. "A rotary excavator having inward deliv- 
ery for dredging. 



13. ''The arc-shaped cuts of the excavator 
made by the dredge while swinging from side to 
side on the pivot. 

14. "In 1868 complainant made four models 
showing different forms of construction of his 
invention * ♦ ♦ which were introduced in 

15. "To review the many pages of evidence 
going to show the reasons for the delay of 
complainant's application would serve no useful 
purpose. It is enough to say that, so far from 
showing any intentional abandonment on part 
of the complainant, they show the most per- 
sistent and continuous efforts on his part, 
against very adverse circumstances, to perfect 
the invention and avail himself of its benefits, 
and excuse the laches with which he other- 
wise might justly be charged. 

16. "The original application of the complain- 
ant for a patent for his invention was filed in 
the patent office, December 9, 1876. 

17. "Complainant ♦ ♦ ♦ determined to and 
accordingly did divide his application into sev- 
eral divisional applications. 

18. "His third divisional application embraced 
all the remainder of his original application not 
comprised in his first and second divisions. 

19. "In the prosecution of his third divisional 
application, it was found that several independ- 
ent inventions were described and that it, too, 
would have to be divided. 

20. "The complainant divided it into nine diff- 
erent divisions, and filed divisional applications 
therefor, while the third divisional application 
was pending, and before the issuance of any 
patent therefor," — ^making all of them co-pend- 
ing applications. 

But the validity of the 461 Bowers Hy- 
draulic dredging patents, each claim be- 
ing a patent, are not dependent on these 
early dates. He need not go back of the 
date of his applications. In an exhaus- 
tive decision of thirty-seven printed 
pages, 91 Fed. Rep. p. 417, in which the 
whole case is retried on account of the 
many new exhibits and much new evi- 
dence, is found the following: 

I. "Having determined that the Schwartzkopff 
patent (of 1856) does not anticipate the Bowers 
inventions, and 

II. "That none of the other letters patent 
introduced by the defendant anticipate Bowers 

III. "The conclusion logically follows that 
Bowers * * * has sustained his claim as a 
pioneer inventor in the art of dredging, 

IV. "He is therefore entitled to treat as 
infringers all who employ substantially the same 
means to accomplish the same results." 

Mr. Bowers has made many inventions 
for which applications for patents were 
never made, but the records of the patent 
show seventy-one sheets of drawings with 
over three hundred separate figures in his 
various applications, of which the matter of 
only thirty-four sheets were patented. The 
rest were forfeited after many claims had 
been allowed in each application, because, 
engaged in some sixty odd suits against 
infringers of his patents, he could give 
them no personal attention and the at- 
torney to whom they were entrusted 
failed to act in season to save them. 

Mr. Bowers has been president and 
vice-president of large dredging com- 
panies on the Atlantic, Gulf and Pacific 
Coasts, and has recently been elected 
president of the Atlantic Harbor Railroad 
Company. In 1888, he made for private 
parties an examination and report on the 
proposed Nicaraguan Ship Canal, which 
he recommended in preference to the 
Panama Route, being apprehensive, with 
other reasons, of extensive slides in the 
deep cuts of the Panama line. He owned 
and operated for a time a coal mine in 
Wyoming, where he had 640 acres of coal 
land. He owned at one time nearly 4,000 
acres in California. He also owned the 
electric light and water works at Pasa 
Robbies, California. He was interested 
in gold and silver mines in California, 
Nevada, and Mexico; was among the 
Indians in the mountains in Mexico at the 
time of the earthquake and fire in San 
Francisco, and is reported to have lost 
heavily in the panic of 1907, as well as in 
the San Francisco fire. 

He was a member and took part in the 



discussions and transactions of the Inter- 
naticHial Congress of Commerce and 
Navigation at Brussels, in 1898. There 
he made the acquaintance of Leopold II., 
of Belgium, was entertained at the palace 
by the king, and present at the corona- 
tion of Queen Wilhelmina, of Holland. 

He made a hydrographic, geologic and 
tidal survey of Nassau harbor for the 
government of the Bahamas in 1904, with 
numerous borings all over the harbor 
giving depths of water, thickness of over- 
lying sand, and depths to the coral rock 
bottom; the rise and fall of the tides; 
course and direction of the incoming and 
outgoing tidal currents; maps showing 
all these with plans for the improvement 
of the harbor. He is a member of the 
permanent International Association of 
Navigation Congresses ; one of the foun- 
ders, a life member and vice-president of 
the National Historical Society; one of 
the founders of the Technical Society of 
the Pacific Coast, and of the California 
Association of Civil Engineers; a member 
of the National Geographic Society ; the 
American Forestry Association; of the 
Association for the Adornment of San 
Francisco; Past Chancellor Commander 
of the Knights of Pythias ; delegate from 
California to the American Civic Alliance, 
and one of the speakers at the mass meet- 
ing of the Alliance at Carnegie Hall in 
New York in 1909. 

Believing that all Christian churches 
are trying to make men better and 
happier, he has helped them all, regard- 
less of names or creeds. Humanitarian 
in all his instincts — to him all men are 
brothers — ^and especially all those who 
are trying to do right, all those who are 
trying to lighten the sorrows and suffer- 
ings, and improve the conditions of the 
poor. This is his idea of patriotism — ^a 
love of country that would not only de- 
fend its rights but strive to elevate all its 

citizens, as well as to cherish love for his 

The world may admire a dreamer. It 
holds in lasting remembrance only those 
who have added something of thought or 
deed to the storehouse of its treasures. 
Mr. Bowers has done both. He has in- 
vented a new ART, that of hydraulic 
dredging. He has given to the world a 
new implement for the subjugation of 
nature — the hydraulic dredge. These, 
combined with his transporting device, 
have made feasible countless public and 
private enterprises, already accomplished, 
that would otherwise have been impos- 
sible. It has saved many millions of dol- 
lars to the government of the United 
States, and will save it many millions 
more. It has reduced the cost of dredging, 
transporting and filling to less than one- 
fourth its former cost by the old methods 
and machines. It has created property to 
the value of hundreds of millions of dol- 
lars and will continue to create property 
of values incalculable — almost incredible, 
and for a long time to come. By its con- 
tinuous infringement of the Bowers pat- 
ents and the infringement by large cor- 
porations in its employ, the Government 
has saved (it is said) more than $100,- 
000,000 for which the inventor has re- 
ceived less than it has cost him to secure 
a full, if barren, recognition of his rights 
in the courts, too late to be of much 
value. But the greatest work of his life 
can never be given to the world. 

In a late paper Mr. Bowers says : 

As early as his sixteenth year, the writer 
became interested in heredity, sociology, eth- 
nology, and eugenics, though with exception 
of ethnology these were terms unknown — 
branches of study without names, or at least 
these names, which were not then to be found 
in Webster. He read with avidity all he could 
find bearing even remotely on those subjects; 
but that was not much, here a little and there 
less, though much good work had been done 



in ethnology. He became more and more 
interested — ^more and more impressed with the 
importance of these studies as the years sped 
on, and, as the exigencies of a busy life would 
permit, he continued to study and make notes 
in the belief that the study of races, nations 
and migrations; the effects of climate and en- 
vironment; the rise and fall, the growth and 
decay of empires, and the causes thereof, would 
bring to light many lessons of .practical utility, 
largely conducive to the welfare of men. But 
to this end, more of detail is needed than is 
furnished from the consideration of nation and 
races en masst. A study of numerous in^viduals 
under multifarious circumstances and conditions 
must be made before one can generalize with 
safety or reduce to a science. These consider- 
ations, together with personal observation of 
instances where the idiosjrncracies of the sire 
had been transmitted to the children and grand- 
children, and other instances with lack of such 
transmission, led to the study of family histories 
so abundant in our libraries, and so valuable for 
references. He took some of his own ancestors, 
the Bower, Hay and Pierrepont families, 
and traced them back through their spreading 
branches, that he might get some idea of the 
blood that flowed in his own veins. But this 
was only a small part of his research. He 
collected an immense amount of material from 
innumerable sources and at the cost of much 
time, labor and money. 

With these manuscripts, rich in photographic 
and other illustrations, plates and engravings, 
went in the San Francisco fire, all his notes 
from historic research and personal study in 
England, France, Germany, Russia, Finland, 
Belgium, Holland, Cuba, Guatemala, Nicaragua, 
San Salvadore, Central America, Honduras, the 
United States, Canada, the Hawaiian and Phil- 
ippine Islands, China and Japan. It would 
have been the greatest, most ambitious, and the 
writer believes, the most useful work of his 
life. (An opinion with which the editor con- 
curs). Its loss is irreparable, for advancing 
years and a multiplicity of other interests pre- 
clude the re-gathering and weaving into warp 
and woof and web of so many scattered threads, 
and the work has been abandoned. 

So perished the hope 
In earthquake and smoke. 
That his labor and pen 
Might be of some use 
To his fellowmen. 

Nevertheless, he has builded for him- 
self, a monument more lasting than brass, 
and will pass into the history of science 
and invention as a public benefactor. He 
is a genius who has won his title on the 
fiercest fields, against the most resource- 
ful competitors, in the brightest era in the 
annals of the world. This triumph has 
been dearly attained. Mr. W. H. Smythc, 
in a paper read before the Technical So- 
ciety of the Pacific Coast, says : 

This story of the growth of a machine can 
hardly be other than what it is intended to be — 
a prosaic statement of facts and dates from 
sworn testimony of court records and personal 
observation. A few readers, here and there, 
can, like the writer, fill in the blank of years so 
lightly passed by in narration. To these this 
story will present another and entirely different 
aspect, one which thrills with human feeling and 
sympathy; a story of trial, disappointment and 
hope deferred; of ill-health and reproach; of 
high hopes and ambitions; of youth and man- 
hood worn away as slowly, but surely, as drop- 
ping water wears stone by the passing days of 
passing years. These will know that progress 
as well as religion demands its martyrs, and that 
success, so dazzling to the beholder, is but a 
lightning flash on a summer evening, incapable 
of dissipating the chill of a life's journey in the 
valley of shadows. 

Authorities: "Hydraulic Dredging: Its 
Origfin, Growth and Present Status" by 
H. W. Smythe, M E., in Journal of Asso- 
ciation of Engineering Societies, October, 
1897; "Modern San Francisco," 1908; 
various biographies in National Cyclo- 
pedia of American Biography, Vol. XII ; 
Who's Who in America, 1909 and 191 5; 
The Cyclopaedia of American Biography 
(Appleton's Revised), 191 5; Court Rec- 
ord in Bowers vs. San Francisco Bridge 
Company, nine volumes, nearly 5,000 
pages; other decisions of the United 
States Courts; Betham, Thomas, and 
other Genealogical Tables; Rolls of the 
Massachusetts officers and soldiers in the 
Revolution; Bulletin of the Mechanics' 



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■ / ' *.- ^ . f.J'l.k . ^ 


Institute, September-October, 1901 ; ar- 
ticle on Dredging in Johnson's Encyclo- 
paedia, and other works on Dredging; 
Colonial Records of the Plymouth and 
Massachusetts Bay Colonies: Land Rec- 
ords of Roxbury ; Massachusetts Vital Sta- 
tistics; Histories of Cambridge, Chelms- 
ford and Billerica, Massachusetts; Sav- 
age's Gen. Die; and other Town and 
County Records. 

CRANE, Winthrop Murray, 

The achievements of representatives of 
the Crane family in the manufacturing 
world and their services in the councils of 
the State, had their natural culmination 
in the opening years of the twentieth 
century in the appointment of Hon. Win- 
throp Murray Crane to the Senate of the 
United States as successor to that vener- 
able statesman, the late George F. Hoar. 

In the dawning of the new century, 
also, his resourcefulness as a business 
man was recognized by his election to a 
number of important directorates. These 
responsibilities, in conjunction with ex- 
tensive paper manufacture, large property 
and other important interests, constitute 
the gentleman in question one of the most 
interesting figures in this most interest- 
ing national era in both the political and 
the business world. That Senator Crane 
owes much to heredity for the distinction 
and successes which he has attained, the 
records of the Crane family serve to 
demonstrate conclusively, and he would 
be the first to admit, indeed, he has many 
times with characteristic modesty and 
filial devotion insisted, that the honors 
conferred upon him were practically so 
many testimonials to the worth of both 
father and grandfather of unusual busi- 
ness capacity and enterprise, of uncom- 
promising integrity, and of generally 

recognized public and private usefulness. 

Winthrop Murray Crane was born where 
he has resided throughout his life, in 
Dalton, Massachusetts, April 23, 1852, son 
of Zenas M.and Louise F. (Laflin) Crane. 

He attended the public schools of his 
native county, and the academies at 
Wilbraham and Easthampton, and then 
entered his father's mills to learn the 
paper-making business. This accomplish- 
ed in due course of time with a thorough- 
ness subsequently demonstrated, he then 
gave his inceptive evidence of diplomatic 
ability by obtaining at Washington, 
whither he had gone on his own initiative, 
the government bank-note paper contract 
which the Crane establishment has held 
for many years. This contract secured, 
after one month's personal work in an old 
mill turned over to him by his father for 
experimental purposes, he succeeded in 
perfecting a paper product that has fully 
satisfied the requirements of the govern- 
ment for bank-note purposes. 

Until 1892, Mr. Crane was not known 
in politics. That year he was made a 
delegate to the Republican National Con- 
vention, and was reluctantly persuaded to 
accept the place of national committee- 
man from Massachusetts. He speedily 
came to exercise a strong influence on the 
committee, and so his political career 
began. In 1896 he was the manager of 
the Reed forces in the St. Louis conven- 
tion, to which he was a delegate. In 1897 
he was elected Lieutenant-Governor, and 
was reelected in 1898 and 1899. The next 
year he was elected Governor, and held 
the State's chief office for three years. 
Governor Crane's work was after the 
pattern of the old, self-contained New 
England accomplishment. His first mes- 
sage declared that "Massachusetts has 
reached a limit of indebtedness beyond 
which she should not go," and it was the 
text on which he acted. His first in- 



augural address was the shortest on 
record in Massachusetts, and it was con- 
fined to reform recommendations, every 
one of which was enacted into law during 
the year 1900. His second inaugural was 
longer, because the Governor had results 
to report and more reforms to block out ; 
all he asked for was accomplished. The 
third inaugural made another batch of 
definite recommendations, and they were 
acted upon. In the first year fifty thou- 
sand shares of the Fitchburg railroad 
common stock held for thirteen years and 
carried on the books of the State Treas- 
urer as an asset, so worthless were they 
considered — were sold to the Boston & 
Maine railroad for $5,000,000 ; and the last 
year of Governor Crane's administration 
the New York, New Haven & Hart- 
ford railroad paid a price for the State's 
reclaimed lands in Boston that surprised 
that company and the public. Salaries 
were not raised in the three years, save 
in the single instance of the chairman of 
the railroad commission, and that was to 
insure the work of Chairman Jackson, 
whose services were very important to 
the State. The over-expansion of State 
commissions was checked, and consoli- 
dations were achieved — that of the cattle 
commission with the board of agriculture, 
of the State fire marshal's establishment 
with the district police, of the inspector- 
general of fish with the commission on 
inland fisheries and game, and of the State 
pension agent and commissioner of State 
aid in one body, with a deputy. An 
unpaid board of publication was created 
to edit State reports. One of Governor 
Crane's important successes was in un- 
officially but none the less effectually 
bringing peace out of the great strike 
which sadly disturbed and threatened all 
New England, in March, 1902. The 
method then employed was subsequently 
taken by President Roosevelt, upon the 
urgent insistence of the Massachusetts 

Governor, in settling the great coal strike. 
After Theodore Roosevelt was called to 
the duties of the presidency by the death 
of President McKinley, he early sought 
the counsels of Mr. Crane. The two men 
maintained close relations, and the Presi- 
dent invited the Governor of Massachu- 
setts to become Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, which offer was declined, as was a 
tender of the navy portfolio. In 1902 
Governor Crane was in the carriage with 
President Roosevelt when the body g^uard 
of the latter was killed by the car col- 
lision in Pittsfield. Mr. Crane was a 
member of the Republican National Com- 
mittee, and one of Mr. Cortelyou's 
advisers in the conduct of the national 
campaign of 1904. 

On October 12, 1904, Governor Bates 
tendered to Governor Crane the seat in 
the United States Senate left vacant by 
the decease of Senator Hoar, and it was 
accepted. At the ensuing election he was 
elected for a full term, and reelected, 
extending his senatorial service to the 
year 1913. 

Senator Crane received the degree of 
LL. D. from Harvard University in 1903. 
He married, February 5, 1880, Mary 
Brenner, of Astoria, Long Island, who 
died February 16, 1884, leaving one son, 
Winthrop Murray Crane, Jr., a graduate 
of Yale, class of 1903, who emulated his 
father's example in learning the paper- 
making business in the mills at Dalton, 
and became one of the company. He 
married, in February, 1905, Miss Ethel, 
daughter of Arthur W. Eaton, president 
of the Eaton-Hurlbut Paper Company, 

GREELY, Adolphus W., 

Soldier, Explorer. 

General Adolphus Washington Greely 
was bom at Newburyport, Massachusetts, 
March 27, 1847, ^^^ ^^ John Balch and 



Frances (Cobb) Grcely; grandson of 
Joseph and Betsey (Balch) Greely, and of 
Samuel and Eleanor (Neal) Cobb, and 
descended paternally from Andrew 
Greely, of Salisbury, 1639, and from John 
Balch, Cape Ann, 1623, and maternally 
from Henry Cobb, Scituate, 1623, and 
from John Howland of the "Mayflower," 

Adolphus Washington Greely received 
a high school education, and at the out- 
break of the Civil War he enlisted as a 
private in the Nineteenth Massachusetts 
Volunteer Infantry Regiment, and was 
promoted to the rank of first sergeant. 
He was one of the "forlorn hope" in the 
bloody charge at Fredericksburg, Vir- 
ginia, where he was twice wounded, De- 
cember II, 1862. He was commissioned 
second lieutenant in the Eighty-first 
United States Colored Infantry, promoted 
to captain, and brevetted major. At the 
reorganization of the United States 
regular army he was commissioned 
second lieutenant, and was assigned to 
the Thirty-sixth United States Infantry, 
March 2, 1867 '> transferred to the Second 
Artillery, July 14, 1869, and detailed to 
construct about two thousand miles of 
military telegraph lines on the Indian and 
Mexican frontiers. He was next trans- 
ferred to the Fifth Cavalry, and was pro- 
moted captain, June 11, 1886. He was 
designated as acting chief signal officer 
December 11, 1886, and was commis- 
sioned brigadier-general and made chief 
signal officer, March 3, 1887. 

Assigned to the command of an Arctic 
expedition, afterward known by his name, 
he was sent by the government to estab- 
lish one of the international circumpolar 
stations, in which work eleven nations 
cooperated. On August 12, 1881, he land- 
ed a party of twenty-six men at Discovery 
Harbor, more than one thousand miles 
north of the Arctic circle, and within less 

than five hundred geographic miles of the 
pole, the discoveries of this expedition 
adding to the maps about six thousand 
square miles of land, heretofore unknown, 
showing inland Greenland to be a fertile 
country and surounded by ice-caps which 
terminated in Greely fiord, looking west- 
ward to the Polar sea. The northern 
journey made by Lieutenant James 
Booth Lockwood and Sergeant David L. 
Brainard, of the expedition, discovered 
a series of islands to the north of Green- 
land, and also discovered Cape Washing- 
ton, which was then the most northerly 
land known. The expedition left Dis- 
covery Harbor on August 9, 1883, in con- 
formity with orders, and after a distress- 
ing journey of fifty days reached Cape 
Sabine, where it was learned that the 
relief ship "Proteus" had been crushed 
by ice on July 23, 1883. The party took 
up quarters in a hut made of rocks and 
snow, with only six weeks' supply of 
food, and most of the men perished slow- 
ly of starvation, only six remaining alive 
when the relief ships "Thetis" and "Bear," 
under the command of Captain Winfield 
Scott Schley and William H. Emory, 
came to the rescue, June 22, 1884, after 
they had been for forty-two hours entire- 
ly without food. General Greely received 
the highest geographical honors for his 
explorations, and was awarded gold 
medals by the Royal Geographical Soci- 
ety and the Societe de Geog^aphie. He 
was elected honorary vice-president of 
the Sixth and Seventh International Geo- 
graphical Congresses at London in 1896, 
and in Berlin in 1899; and also received 
a vote of thanks from the Legislature of 
Massachusetts, "for his services in war, 
in science and in exploration," and was 
officially thanked for the return of the 
British ensign, official despatches and 
Arctic mail. He directed the construc- 
tion of various important telegraph 



lines — ^3800 miles in Cuba, 250 miles in 
China, 1350 miles, including cables in the 
Philippines; installed a system of 3900 
miles of telegraph lines, submarine cables 
and wireless in Alaska, the wireless sec- 
tion of 107 miles from Nome to St. 
Michael being the first successful long- 
distance wireless operated regularly as 
part of a commercial system. He served 
on various important governmental scien- 
tific boards and 1906 was in charge of 
relief operations at San Francisco, follow- 
ing the earthquake. He was placed on 
the retired list of the army in 1908, under 
the general law. He served as a delegate 
to various foreign and international con- 
ventions in the interests of telegraphy 
and wireless, and received gold medals 
from the Britsh and French Geographical 
societies. In 191 1 he was a representaive 
of the United States at the coronation of 
King George V. of England. He is the 
author of : "Three Years of Arctic Serv- 
ice" (1886) and "American Weather," 
(1888), and many scientific reports and 
monographs. "The Rescue of Greely by 
Captain W. S. Schley, United States 
Navy" (1885), gives a vivid account of 
the relief expedition. 

HITCHCOCK, Charles H., 


Charles Henry Hitchcock was bom at 
Amherst, Massachusetts, August 23, 1836, 
son of Edward and Orra (White) Hitch- 
cock, and a descendant of Luke Hitch- 
cock, who emigrated from England to 
New Haven, Connecticut, about 1640, 
where he served as a selectman of the 
town and a captain in the army. His son 
Luke married Sarah Burt, their son Luke 
married Martha Colton, their son Luke 
married Lucy Merrick, and their son Jus- 
tin, who married Mercy Hoyt, was the 
grandfather of Charles H. Hitchcock. His 

father (1793- 1864) was a president of 
Amherst College. 

Charles Henry Hitchock was graduated 
at Amherst College in 1856, then attended 
Yale Theological School for a year, and 
Andover Theological Seminary, 1859-61, 
and was licensed to preach by the Norfolk 
Association in 1861. In 1857 he was ap- 
pointed assistant geologist of Vermont, 
and aided in preparing the "Report on 
the Geology of Vermont" (1861). He 
then became director of the geological 
survey of Maine, and published two "Re- 
ports on the Natural History and Ge- 
ology of the State of Maine'' (1861-62). 
Meanwhile, during 1858-64, he lectured on 
zoology in Amherst College, and after a 
year of study at the Royal School of 
Mines, London, England, he was made 
non-resident Professor of Geology and 
Mineralogy at Lafayette College, 1866- 
70, and Professor of Geology and Miner- 
alogy in Dartmouth College. He was 
State Geologist of New Hampshire ten 
years. During the winter of 1870-71 he 
established a meteorological observatory 
on Mt. Washington, which has since been 
occupied by the United States signal 
service officials. He published several 
valuable memoirs upon the fossil tracks 
in the Connecticut valley, a subject he 
had carefully studied. 

Dr. Hitchcock is a member of the 
American Philosophical Society, and in 
1883 was vice-president of the American 
Association for the Advancement of 
Science. He prepared a geological map 
of the United States which has been 
adopted by geologists throughout the 
world, and was published both in the 
United States census reports and in Dr. 
Rossiter W. Raymond's "Resources of 
the United States" (1873), In 1881 he 
issued an improved map based on the 
edition of the official map of the United 
States land office. He has been a large 



contributor to scientific literature and 
stands in the foremost rank of American 
geologists. In addition to the reports 
mentioned, he has published, with his 
father, "Elementary Geology" (i860) and 
"Mount Washington in Winter" (1871), 
besides various cyclopedic articles. He 
received the degrees of Ph. D. from 
Lafayette College in 1870 and LL. D. 
from Amherst in 1896. 

He was married, June 19, 1862, to 
Martha Bliss, daughter of Professor E. 
P. Barrows, of Andover, Massachusetts, 
and on September 4, 1894, to Charlotte 
Malvina Barrows, sister of his first wife. 
He has two sons and three daughters. 

KNOWLTON, Marcus P., 

Marcus Perrin Knowlton was bom in 
Wilbraham, Massachusetts, February 3, 
1839, son of Merrick and Fatima (Per- 
rin) Knowlton, grandson of Amasa and 
Margaret (Topliff) Knowlton, and sev- 
enth in descent from William Knowlton, 
who with his mother and brothers, John 
and Thomas, settled in Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1632. 

Marcus P. Knowlton passed his boy- 
hood on a farm at Mbnson, Massachu- 
setts, to which his parents had moved 
when he was a lad of five years. He be- 
gan his education in the common schools, 
prepared for college at Monson Academy, 
and entered Yale College, from which he 
was graduated in i860. Previous to en- 
tering upon his college course he had 
taught a district school in the winter 
months, and while at Yale College he 
served as instructor in the Westfield 
(Massachusetts) Academy, and in the 
Hopkins Grammar School, New Haven. 
In 1861 he became principal of the Union 
School at Norwalk, Connecticut. He en- 
tered upon the study of law early in 1861, 

reading at first with James G. Allen, of 
Palmer, and later with John Wells and 
Augustus L, Soule, of Springfield, both 
of whom were afterward elevated to the 
Supreme Court bench. He was admitted 
to the Massachusetts bar in the latter part 
of 1862, and later was admitted to prac- 
tice in the Supreme Court of the United 
States. In 1872-73 he was president of the 
common council of Springfield; in 1878 
was a representative in the lower house 
of the Legislature, where he served on 
the important committees on the judici- 
ary, the liquor law. State detective force, 
and constitutional amendments; and in 
1880-81 he represented the First Hamp- 
den district in the Massachusetts Senate. 
At this time also he was a director of the 
Springfield & New London Railroad Com- 
pany ; director of the City National Bank 
of Springfield; and trustee and treasurer 
of the Springfield City Hospital. He was 
appointed a Justice of the Superior Court 
in August, 1881, was promoted to the Su- 
preme Judicial Court in 1887, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Judge Gardner. In December, 1902, he 
became Chief Justice, which position he 
occupied until 191 1, when he resigned. 

The honorary degree of LL. D. was 
conferred upon Judge Knowlton by Yale 
University in 1895, and by Harvard Uni- 
versity in 1900. He was married, July 18, 
1867, to Sophia, daughter of William and 
Saba A. (Cushman) Ritchie, who died in 
1886. On May 21, 1891, he was married 
to Rose Mary, daughter of Cyrus K. and 
Susan Ladd, of Portland, Maine. 

WARREN, John Collins, M. D., 

Professional Instmetor. 

John Collins Warren, Moseley Profess- 
or of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, 
was born on May 4, 1842, at No. 24 Pem- 
berton Square, Boston. His parents were 



Jonathan Mason Warren and Annie 
(Crowinshield) Warren, daughter of the 
Hon. B. W. Crowinshield, at one time 
Secretary of the Navy of the United 

At the age of five John Collins Warren 
attended with his eldest sister a school 
kept by Miss Dwight in the steeple room 
of the Park Street Church, Boston. A 
year later he was entered as a pupil in D. 
B. Tower's school, in the same building, 
and continued as a pupil until 1852, when 
he joined the first sixth-class at the Bos- 
ton Latin School, although the rule was 
that boys would not be admitted until 
they were eleven years old. This famous 
school was then situated in Bedford street 
and had as head-master Mr. Gardner. 

In a family so prominently identified 
with medicine we expect to find the sons 
taking an active part in the councils of 
medical conventions. J. Mason Warren's 
father and grandfather had been for three- 
quarters of a century New England's 
most prominent surgeons. His father, 
the elder J. Collins Warren, had been a 
leader in directing the course of the 
American Medical Association, the meet- 
ing of which in 1854 was held in New 
York City, when the subject of this 
sketch, then a lad of twelve years, was 
permitted to accompany his father. The 
return trip makes that convention memor- 
able. The "Norwalk Disaster" is as fresh 
to-day in the minds of our older physi- 
cians as it was fifty years ago. The train 
was going at full speed when it plunged 
into an open draw and narrowly avoided 
crashing into a steamboat which had just 
passed through. Sixty lives were lost, 
and everybody on the train in front of the 
Warren family, who occupied the centre 
section, was thrown into the river. J. 
Mason Warren organized a corps of as- 
sistants and his son describes the detail 
of their work, even to the name of the 

first victim taken from the water, with 
a vividness which leaves no doubt about 
the impression made upon his mind. 

The following years were spent in 
Europe in recuperating J. Mason War- 
ren's health, and the son was schooled 
for a year in Switzerland. Returning to 
Boston, young Warren was fitted for col- 
lege at Mr. EHxwell's school in Boylston 
Place, and was graduated A. B. from 
Harvard in 1863. The last year at Cam- 
bridge was spent partly in the study of 
anatomy under Jefferies Wyman. After 
graduating, Warren went to Philadelphia, 
where he served in the South Street Army 
Hospital as an acting medical cadet, at- 
tending at the same time lectures at the 
Jefferson Medical School. It was in those 
years that the elder Gross and Pancoast 
were at the height of their professional 
careers. In the year following, Warren 
attended lectures at the Harvard Medical 
School, and while thus engaged, he and 
other classmates responded to a call for 
acting assistant surgeons after the battle 
of Cold Harbor, and went to White 
House Landing, not far from Richmond, 
where the wounded had been collected. 
In the spring of 1865 he entered the Mas- 
sachusetts General Hospital as house 
pupil, and in the following year received 
the M. D. degree from Harvard (1866). He 
sailed immediately for Europe, going di- 
rectly to Dresden to learn German. On 
arriving there the six weeks' Prusso-Aus- 
trian war broke out, but concluded in 
time for him to attend lectures at the open- 
ing of the autumn semester in Vienna. 
The cholera was raging there at that time 
and the number of deaths daily is said to 
have been one hundred. The opportunity 
of visiting regularly the cholera wards at 
the Allgemeines Krankenhaus was availed 
of. These, however, were the first and 
the last cases of cholera he ever saw. He 
passed two winters in Vienna and at- 



tended the clinics of all the great masters 
of the period. 

The third year of Warren's stay in 
Europe was passed chiefly in Paris, includ- 
ing the winter of 1868-69. In the autumn 
of the latter year he began the practice of 
his profession at his father's old mansion 
house. No. 2 Park street, Boston. He 
shortly received an appointment as physi- 
cian to out-patients at the Massachusetts 
General Hospital, with the understanding 
that this would not interfere with transf er- 
rence later to the surgical department. The 
following year he became surgeon to out- 
patients, his two colleagues being C. A. 
Porter and H. H. A. Beach. Now for the 
first time surgeons were allowed to call 
upon the out-patient department for as- 
sistance in case of absence, and these 
young men were the first who were not 
full surgeons, to be allowed to perform 
surgical operations on in-patients. War- 
ren was appointed visiting surgeon to the 
hospital in 1876. He retired on account 
of the age limit rule in 1905. 

He was appointed Instructor in Sur- 
gery in the Medical School, April 28, 1871 ; 
Assistant Professor of Surgery on Febru- 
ary 13, 1882; Associate Professor March 
14, 1887, and Professor of Surgery May 
29, 1893. This professorship was named 
the Moseley Professorship of Surgery, 
June 28, 1899. In 1895 he received the 
degree of LL. D. from the Jefferson 
Medical College of Philadelphia. He was 
president of the American Surgical Asso- 
ciation in 1897, and was elected an honor- 
ary fellow of the Royal College of Sur- 
geons of England at its centenary in 1900. 

He was married, in 1873, ^^ Amy, 
daughter of G. Howland Shaw, and had 
two sons, John and Joseph. Dr. Warren 
is the author of "Healing of Arteries in 
Man and Animals," 1886, William Wood 
& Co.; "Surgical Pathology and Thera- 
peutics," 1895, W- B- Saunders; editor 
and author of "International Text Book 

of Surgery," 1902, W. B. Saunders & Ca 
Dr. Warren was one of the most active 
members of the faculty in developing and 
successfully carrying out the plans for a 
University of Medicine at Harvard. 

SARGENT, Charles S., 


Charles Sprague Sargent, an accom- 
plished arboriculturist, was born in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, April 24, 1841, son of 
Ignatius and Henrietta (Gray) Sargent, 
grandson of Samuel and Mary (Brooks) 
Gray, and a lineal descendant of William 
Sargent, who emigrated from Gloucester, 
England, previous to 1678. Another an- 
cestor, on the maternal side, was William 
Gray, a well-known merchant of Boston. 

Charles Sprague Sargent attended pri- 
vate schools in his native city, and this 
knowledge was supplemented by a course 
at Harvard University, from which insti- 
tution he was graduated in 1862. At the 
beginning of hostilities between the 
North and South, he offered his services 
to the United States government, joining 
the Federal army as first lieutenant in the 
Second Louisiana Infantry Regiment. He 
was subsequently commissioned captain 
and aide-de-camp, and assigned to duty 
with the headquarters staff of the Depart- 
ment of the Gulf, and remained in the 
service until August, 1865, when he was 
mustered out with the rank of brevet- 
major for "faithful and meritorious serv- 
ices" during the campaign against Mobile. 
The following three years were spent in 
traveling in Europe, during which period 
of time he devoted his time and attention 
to the subjects of horticulture and agri- 
culture; was Professor of Horticulture, 
1872-73; director of Botanic Garden, 
1873-79. In 1872 he received the appoint- 
ment of first director of the Arnold Ar- 
boretum of Harvard University, in which 
capacity he was serving as late as 1905, 



and in 1879 he was appointed Professor 
of Arboriculture in the same institution 
of learning. In the latter named year he 
also began, under government auspices, a 
complete survey of the forest areas of the 
United States, with special reference to 
the geographical distribution of various 
species of trees and their commercial 
value. This work was of such great mag- 
nitude that it extended over a period of 
five years, and was of so thorough, a char- 
acter that its results, embodied in the 
"Report on the Forests of North America, 
exclusive of Mexico," filled six hundred 
quarto pages, being published as volume 
nine of the "Final Reports of the Tenth 
Census of the United States." The suc- 
cess of this work was the direct means 
of the establishment of the Bureau of 
Forestry of the Departfnent of Agricul- 
ture, and for this specific purpose nine- 
teen million acres of the public lands 
were set aside as perpetual forest re- 
serves, and the work of Professor Sargent 
is largely responsible for the great ac- 
tivity noticeable in late years in scientific 
and practical forestry. Through the care- 
ful and indefatigable planning of Profes- 
sor Sargent, and through the generosity 
of Morris K. Jesup, of New York, the 
complete collection of American woods 
now on exhibition at the American Mu- 
seum of Natural History, New York City, 
was made. This herculean task was be- 
gun in 1880 and consummated in 1900, 
the intervening twenty years being years 
of constant eflFort. As head of the Arnbld 
Arboretum, Professor Sargent has accom- 
plished a work of the utmost importance 
to dendrological science. As an institu- 
tion for thorough training in this neces- 
sary science, it is unique both in the ar- 
rangement of its large collection and in 
the extent and completeness of the ex- 
perimental work in planting, pruning and 
cultivating all varieties of trees and 
shrubs that are hardy in the climate of 

New England. The trees are disposed 
under forest conditions as far as possible, 
although specimens of each variety are 
given full opportunity to develop in the 
open. Professor Sargent has been instru- 
mental in discovering and introducing 
hardy varieties of trees and shrubs from 
all temperate regions of the world. 

In addition to the work already de- 
scribed and which has proven so success- 
ful. Professor Sargent has been engaged 
in other lines of activity which have 
proven equally successful. In 1888 he 
established a weekly paper, "Garden and 
Forest," which he served as editor for 
nine years. He served as chairman of the 
commission for the preservation of the 
Adirondack forests (1885), ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ 
appointed by the National Academy of 
Sciences to determine upon a policy for 
the management of the United States 
forestry lands (1896-97). He is the au- 
thor of: "Catalogue of Forest Trees of 
North America" (1880) ; "Pruning Forests 
and Ornamental Trees of North America," 
translated from the French of Adolphe 
Des Cars (1881); "Report of the Forests 
of North America" (1884) ; "The Woods 
of the United States, with an Account of 
their Structure, Qualities and Uses" 
(1885) ; "Report of the Forest Commis- 
sion of the State of New York" (1885) ; 
"Forest Flora of Japan" (1894) ; "Silva 
of North America" (14 vols., 1891-1902) ; 
"Trees and Shrubs" (vol. i, 1903) ; "A 
Manual of the Trees of North America" 
(1905), and other works. Professor Sar- 
gent received the degree of LL. D. from 
Harvard University, 1901. He holds 
membership in the Park Commission, 
town of Brookline ; National Academy of 
Sciences ; foreign member of the National 
Society of Agriculture, France; foreign 
honorary member Deutsche Dentrologi- 
cal Gesellschaf t ; member of the Scottish 
Arboricultural Society; fellow of the 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences ; 


— V 



^ (r../t:r. 


member of the American Philosophical 
Society; president of the Massachusetts 
Society for the Promotion of Agriculture 
since 1890; and vice-president of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

Professor Sargent married, November 
23, 1873, Mary Allen, daughter of Andrew 
and Mary (Allen) Robeson, of Boston. 
Five children were bom to them. 

CUTTER. William R., 

William Richard Cutter is a direct de- 
scendant of Elizabeth Cutter, a widow, 
who came to New England about 1640 
and died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
January 10, 1663 (1663-64). In her will 
she gave her age as about eighty-seven 
years, but as she lived about two years 
longer, she was at death aged about 
eighty-nine. She dwelt with her daugh- 
ter in Cambridge about twenty years. 
Three of her children emigrated to this 
country: William, who after living in 
America about seventeen years, returned 
to his former home in Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, in England; Richard, the founder 
of the Cutter family in America; and 
Barbara, her daughter, who came to this 
country unmarried, and later married Mr. 
Elijah Corlet, the schoolmaster of Cam- 
bridge. In a relation Elizabeth made be- 
fore the church she is called "Old Good- 
wife Cutter," and she made a statement 
to the effect that she was born in some 
small place without a church, near New- 
castle-upon-Tyne. She "knew not" her 
father, who may have died in her infancy, 
but her mother sent her, when she was old 
enough, to Newcastle, where she was 
placed in a "godly family," where she 
remained for about seven years, when she 
entered another where the relipous privi- 
leges were less. Her husband died, and 
she was sent to Cambridge, New Eng- 
land, and came thither in a time of sick- 


ness and through many sad troubles by 
sea. What her maiden name was is not 
known to the present writer. From her 
own statement the inference is drawn 
that her mother at least was in humble 
circumstances. She had with her in 
Cambridge a sister or a, sister-in-law, a 
widow named Mrs. Isabella Wilkinson, 
who undoubtedly was from Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne. There is more known of the 
Cutters in Newcastle, where it is said an 
English antiquary has discovered the 
name of the grandfather of William and 
Richard Cutter, and this information is 
as yet withheld from us. 

Richard Cutter, son of Elizabeth, died 
in Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the age 
of about seventy-two, June 16, 1693. His 
brother, William, had died in England be- 
fore this time. Richard was under age 
and probably unmarried when he canle to 
America. He was one of the first to build 
a house outside of the settlement, in that 
part of Cambridge called Menotomy, and 
his house for defense against the Indians 
was furnished with flankers. In Decem- 
ber, 1675, he sent his two sons, Ephraim 
and Gershom, and his stepsons, Isaac and 
Jacob Amsden, to the severe campaign in 
Rhode Island which culminated in the 
Narragansett fight, in which a great part 
of the New England military were en- 
gaged. Richard Cutter was twice mar- 
ried : (First) about 1644, to Elizabeth Wil- 
liams, who died March 5, 1661-62, aged 
about forty-two years (gravestone) ; she 
was the daughter of Robert Williams, of 
Roxbury, and his wife, Elizabeth (Stal- 
ham) Williams; (second) February 14, 
1662-63, t^ Frances (Perriman) Amsden, 
parentage unknown ; she was the widow 
of Isaac Amsden, and survived Richard 
Cutter's decease, and died before July 10, 
1728. Fourteen children, seven by each 

Elizabeth, eldest daughter and child of 
Richard Cutter, married William Robin- 



son, and several of her descendants be- 
came famous as governors. She probably 
died a long time before her father, and 
was omitted in his will. Two of her sons 
laid claim to their share of their grand- 
father Cutter's estate at a later period. 
William Robinson, Jonathan Robinson, 
and Elizabeth Gregory, and also Samuel 
Robinson, children of Elizabeth Robin- 
son, daughter of Richard Cutter, quit- 
claimed their rights to their grandfather 
Richard Cutter's estate. William Robin- 
son died in 1693. 

William Cutter, third son and fourth 
child of Richard Cutter, the immigrant, 
was a thriving farmer, and died in Cam- 
bridge, April 1, 1723, in the seventy-fourth 
year of his age (gravestone). He was 
father of ten children by his wife, Re- 
becca, daughter of John Rolfe and his 
wife, Mary ScuUard. Rebecca (Rolfe) 
Cutter married (second) John Whitmore, 
Sr., of Medford, and died November 131 
1 75 1, aged ninety. 

John Cutter, second son and fifth child 
of William, born October 15, 1690, died 
January 21, 1776, in his eighty-sixth year, 
and thirty-seventh in his office as a dea- 
con. He was a farmer. He married 
Lydia Harrington; she was formerly of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, and she 
died January 7, 1755, in her sixty-fourth 
year. Eleven children. 

Ammi Cutter, tenth child of John, bom 
October 2rj, 1733, died April 19, 1795, in 
his sixty-second year. He was a farmer 
and a miller, and had three wives and 
twenty-one children. By his first wife, 
Esther Pierce, he had ten children, the 
ninth of whom was Ephraim Cutter, born 
October 31, 1767, died March 31, 1841, 
w'ho by his wife, Deborah Locke, had 
fourteen children, the tenth of whom was 
Benjamin Cutter, a physician, bom June 
4, 1803, died March 9, 1864, who by his 
wife, Mary Whittemore, had six children, 

the youngest of whom was William Rich* 
ard Cutter, bom in Woburn, August 17, 
1847, ^^^ immediate subject of this narra- 

Mr. Cutter was educated in the public 
schools of his native town until his 
fifteenth year, when he was sent to the 
Warren Academy in Woburn, where he 
remained until April, 1865, when he en- 
tered Norwich (Vermont) University — 
the institution now situated at Northfield, 
Vermont, and known as the Military Col- 
lege of the State of Vermont. When at 
the Warren Academy he commanded 
(1863-1865) a corps of cadets known as 
the Warren Cadets. He performed his 
share of duty at the Norwich Military 
University during the two years of 1865 
and 1866, and leaving there in the latter 
year he returned to Woburn, where he 
pursued his studies under a private in- 
structor. In the fall of 1867 he entered 
the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale 
University at New Haven, Connecticut, 
as a special student, and left there in 1869. 
In the meantime, having access to the 
large college library at Yale, he became 
interested in the study of history and 
more especially genealogy, as he had the 
use of a larger and more valuable collec- 
tion of books here than he had ever had 
before, and he decided to publish a his- 
tory of the Cutter family, and issued, 
while at New Haven, his proposals for 
that work. He traveled extensively in 
his pursuit of material, and published his 
book at Boston in 1871, under the title of 
"A History of the Cutter Family of New 

He was married, on August 31, 1871, to 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel Kim- 
ball, teacher, editor, and lecturer, and his 
first wife, Mary Ann (Ames) Kimball, and 
a granddaughter of Rev. David Tenney 
Kimball, for upwards of sixty years min- 
ister of a church in Ipswich, Massachu- 



setts. One child, Sarah Hamlen, was 
born to them, July 25, 1873, but died April 
26, 1890. Another died in infancy in 1880. 

In 1871 Mr. Cutter removed his resi- 
dence to Lexington, Massachusetts, and 
devoted himself for ten years to various 
pursuits. While at Lexington he pre- 
pared and published a ''History of the 
Town of Arlington, Massachusetts," 
which was issued from the press in 1880. 
This work contained a very full gene- 
alogy of the early inhabitants, and copies 
are now scarce. At Lexington also he 
edited, with notes, his article for the 
"New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register," entitled "Jonrml of a For- 
ton Prisoner, England, 1777-1779/' whose 
length caused its publication to extend 
through the numbers of that periodical 
from April, 1876, to January, 1879. While 
at Lexington also he prepared a sketch of 
Arlington, which was printed under his 
name in Drake's "History of Middlesex 
County" (1880). 

During his residence in Lexington he 
held the office by successive elections of 
clerk of the Hancock Congregational 
Church, and for seven years from 1875 
that of member and clerk of the town 
school committee, and in connection with 
the last named office that of trustee of the 
Cary Free Public Library, being for a 
greater part of that time clerk and treas^ 
urer of that board. In 1882 he was 
elected librarian of the Woburn Public 
library in his native city, and, assuming 
his duties on March i, of that year, re- 
moved at once to Woburn. He has served 
on the nominating committee of the Mas- 
sachusetts Library Qub, of which he was 
one of the original members, and has 
been one of its vice-presidents. In Wo- 
burn he has held the office of secretary of 
the trustees of Warren Academy since 
1885, and that of trustee, clerk, and treas- 
urer of the Burbeen Free Lecture Fund 

since 1892. He is also one of the vice- 
presidents of the Rumford Historical As- 
sociation of Woburn, and is a member of 
the Massachusetts Society of Colonial 
Wars. He has been a vice-president of 
the Boston Alumni Association of Nor- 
wich University, and since 1870 a resi- 
dent member of the New England His- 
toric-Genealogical Society. He has writ- 
ten much for the publications of the 
Genealogical Society, and has held a posi- 
tion on its governing council, and in 1906 
was elected its historian. He has edited 
for the Massachusetts Historical Society 
a section of Hon. Mellen Chamberlain's 
"History of Chelsea," making a greater 
part of the second volume of that monu- 
mental work. He has prepared three 
volumes of the Towne Memorial Biogra- 
phies, published by the New England 
Historic-Genealogical Society. In 1906 
Mr. Cutter was elected by the Lewis His- 
torical Publishing Company as editor of 
two of their publications. 

Since 1882, in his leisure from the 
urgent work of his library position, Mr. 
Cutter has written much for the news- 
papers and periodical press, and has writ- 
ten or edited a number of works of 
greater or less extent. Among them are 
sketches of the city of Woburn, and of 
the towns of Burlington and Winchester, 
for Hurd's "History of Middlesex County," 
1890; "Contributions to a Bibliography 
of the Local History of Woburn," 1892, 
with additional mateiial, 1893; "Diary of 
Lieut. Samuel Thompson of Woburn, 
while in service in the French War, 1785" 
(with copious notes), 1896; "Life and 
Humble Confession of Richardson, the 
Informer" (fifty copies printed), 1894; 
"A Model Village Library" (an article 
descriptive of the Woburn Public Li- 
brary) in "New England Magazine," Feb- 
ruary, 1890; "Woburn Historic Sites and 



Old Houses," 1892 ; etc. He received the 
degree of A. M. from Norwich University 
in 1893. 

RICHARDSON, VTilliam L., M. D., 

William Lambert Richardson, A. M., 
M. D., Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, 
Professor of Obstetrics, Harvard Medical 
School, son of Jeffrey and Julia Lambert 
(Brackett) Richardson, was bom in Bos- 
ton, September 6, 1842. He fitted for col- 
lege at the Boston Private Latin School, 
of which E. S. Dixwell was the head. He 
received the degree of A. B. from Har- 
vard University in 1864 and the degree 
of A. M. in 1867. 

In the fall of 1864 he entered the Har- 
vard Medical School, where he remained 
till May i, 1866, when, having received the 
appointment of house physician in the 
Massachusetts General Hospital, he en- 
tered on the duties of that office, which 
he held till May i, 1867. He then re- 
entered the Medical School, and re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Medicine, 
July 17, 1867. After a special examina- 
tion, held June i, 1867, he was admitted 
a fellow of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society. He sailed for Europe July 31st, 
and spent the winter in Dublin as a stu- 
dent in the School of Physic (University 
of Dublin) and as an externe at the Ro- 
tunda (Dublin) Lying-in Hospital. After 
passing an examination at the latter insti- 
tution, he received, April 3, 1868, the de- 
gree of L. M. (Licentiate of Midwifery), 
and a special diploma for excellence in 
obstetrics. From April to October he 
devoted himself to the study of the Ger- 
man language, principally at Berlin, Nau- 
heim (on the Rhine), and Dresden, and 
reached Vienna in October, where he re- 
sumed the study of medicine in the 
Imperial Hospital. Leaving Vienna in 
March, 1869, he spent the following 

spring and summer in traveling in Italy, 
Sicily, Greece, Turkey, Austria, Germany, 
Switzerland, and France. He arrived home 
in October, 1869, and opened an office for 
the practice of medicine in Boston, Febru- 
ary I, 1870. 

He was appointed, September 28, 1870, 
one of the district physicians of the Bos- 
ton Dispensary, and two years later was 
made a member of the staff on duty at 
the central office. He was elected June 
2, 1 87 1, one of the physicians to out- 
patients of the Massachusetts General 
Hospital, and was elected December 28, 
1883, one of the visiting physicians of 
that hospital. He held this position until 
he resigned, and was elected February 
20, 1903, one of the consulting physicians. 
In the spring of 1872 he was appointed 
one of the physicians of the Children's 
Hospital. In December, 1872, he was ap- 
pointed visiting physician of the Boston 
Lying-in Hospital. In the spring of 1873 
he was appointed one of the medical in- 
spectors connected with the Board of 
Health of the city of Boston, which office 
he resigned in the summer of 1883. Dur- 
ing July, August, and September, 1875, 
he acted as secretary pro, tempore of the 
Massachusetts State Board of Health dur- 
ing the absence of the secretary, Dr. C. F. 
Folsom. The following year he pre- 
pared for the State Board of Health "A 
Summary of Seven Years' Work of the 
State Board of Health of Massachusetts,'* 
which was published by the board. He 
was appointed, February 4, 1885, by the 
mayor, a member of an advisory com- 
mittee to consult with the Board of 
Health in regard to the anticipated out- 
break of cholera, and at the first meeting 
of the committee he was chosen secretary. 
In February, 1874, having passed through 
a severe attack of diphtheria, he resigned 
his positions at the Dispensary and Chil- 
dren's Hospital. 

March 28, 1874, he became one of the 



councillors of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, and for several years held the 
chairmanship of the committee on medi- 
cal diplomas. In 1887 he was elected an- 
niversary chairman. During the univer- 
sity year, from September 29, 1871, to 
July, 1872, he held the position of inspec- 
tor pro tempore in obstetrics in the Har- 
vard Medical School. He was appointed, 
December i, 1874, as Instructor in Ob- 
stetrics for the current year. He was 
appointed, October 11, 1875, Instructor in 
Clinical Midwifery; and March 12, 1877, 
the title of the position was changed to 
that of Instructor in Obstetrics. He was 
appointed, September i, 1882, Assistant 
Professor in Obstetrics; and January 11, 
1886, he was made Professor of Obstetrics. 
He was elected dean of the Medical Fac- 
ulty, November 13, 1893. When the Medi- 
cal, Dental, and Veterinary Schools were 
placed under one Faculty of Medicine, he 
was elected dean of the combined faculty, 
November 27, 1899. He was appointed 
by the Governor, May 16, 1888, a trustee 
of the Perkins Institution and Massachu- 
setts School for the Blind. 

He joined the First Corps of Cadets, 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, March 
I, 1864; was appointed corporal, Decem- 
ber 12, 1865 > hospital steward, September 
4, 1871 ; and was commissioned surgeon, 
November 6, 1875. He was appointed 
April 25, 1881, a member of the medical 
board of examiners, and held the position 
several years, when he resigned. Resign- 
ing his position as surgeon, he was retired 
April 22, 1899, with the rank of lieuten- 
ant-colonel. He was treasurer of the 
Cadet Armory Fund, and a member of 
the board of trustees. He was elected, 
April 13, 1870, a director of the Boston 
Young Men's Christian Union, and April 
12, 1871, was elected treasurer. He was 
elected a trustee, April 16, 1892. He was 
for some years one of the physicians of 

the St. Joseph's Home; the physician of 
the Children's Mission ; a director of the 
Farm School on Thompson's Island ; one 
of the directors of the Adams Nervine 
Asylum, of the Boston Training School 
for Nurses ; and a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the Boston Medical 
Library Association. He was the treas- 
urer of the Massachusetts Medical Be- 
nevolent Society, and of the Lodge of St. 

He is a member of the following clubs 
and societies: Union, Somerset, Algon- 
quin, St. Botolph, Tavern, Athletic, Coun- 
try, University Club of New York, Ameri- 
can Academy of Arts and Sciences (May 
27, 1879), Boston Society for Medical Im- 
provement, Boston Society of Medical 
Sciences, American Gynaecological So- 
ciety, Obstetrical Society of London 
(1872), and an honorary member (June 
29, 1876) of the Phi Beta Kappa. 


"Francis West, a house carpenter by 
trade, being a single man, invited by a 
Mr. Thomas, of Marshfield, Massachu- 
setts, left the town of Salisbury, England, 
and came to New England, and settled in 
Duxbury, Massachusetts, and there mar- 
ried Margery Reeves. They had five 
children: Samuel, Thomas, Peter, Mary 
and Ruth." So writes Zebulon West 
(1707-70), a great-grandson of the emi- 
grant. Francis West is spoken of as a 
carpenter in the Duxbury records. In 
1640 and 1642 he was a member of the 
grand jury; in the latter year he pur- 
chased a house and land in Duxbury 
(Millbrook) ; he was admitted a freeman 
in Plymouth Colony in 1656; in 1658 he 
was a surveyor of highways in Duxbury ; 
constable in 1661, and in 1662-69-74-78- 
80-81 was a member of the "Grand Con- 
quest." He married, in Duxbury, Febru- 
ary 27, 1639, Margaret Reeves, and died 



there, January 2, 1692, at the age of 
eighty-six years. Children, probably bom 
in Duxbury : Samuel, of further mention ; 
Dr. Thomas, born 1646; Peter; Mary; 
Ruth, married Nathaniel Skiff, and died 
December 31, 1741, at the age of ninety. 

(II) Samuel West, son of Francis and 
Margery (Margaret) (Reeves) West, was 
born in 1643, and died May 8, 1689. He 
lived in Duxbury, Massachusetts, where 
he was constable in 1674. He married, 
September 26, 1668, Triphosa Partridge, 
who died November i, 1701, daughter of 
George and Sarah (Tracy) Partridge, 
first settlers of Duxbury. Children: 
Francis, born November 13, 1669, mar- 
ried Marcia Miner; Jeuen, bom Septem- 
ber 8, 1671, died December 29, 1671 ; Sam- 
uel, born December 23, 1672, married 
Martha Delano; Peletiah, bom March 8, 
1674, married, July 12, 1722, Elizabeth 
Chandler, died December 7, 1756; Eben- 
ezer, born July 22, 1676; John, of fur- 
ther mention; Abigail, bora September 
26, 1682, married, 1714, Nathaniel Cole; 

(III) John West, son of Samuel and 
Triphosa (Partridge) West, was born 
March 6, 1679, ^^^ ^^^^ in Lebanon, Con- 
necticut, November 17,1741. He married 

Deborah . Children : Joshua, bom 

December 17, 1708; Hannah, July 13, 
1710; Nathan, November 10, 1712; John, 
of further mention; Priscilla, July 17, 
1717, died in 1730; Dorothy, September 
10, 1719, died in 1730; Solomon, March 
15, 1723, married Abigail Strong, died 
August 21, 1790; Caleb, July 3, 1726. 

(IV) John (2) West, son of John (i) 
and Deborah West, was bom March 12, 
1715. He married, November 8, 1738, 
Rebeka.Abel, and they had children: i. 
John, born August 8, 1739; went to Clare- 
mont, New Hampshire, married and had 
a large family of children : Roby, Rebecca, 
Polly, Mary, Rosswell, Hannah, married 

Chester Cxray, and Jerusha, married Judah 
Taylor, of Ashfield. 2. Dan, born De- 
cember 31, 1741; married, June 13, 1771, 
Mary Cook; went to Old Hadley, Mas- 
sachusetts, died there ; left a large family, 
including a son, Thomas, born in 1773. 3. 
David, born Febmary 4, 1744, in Becket, 
Massachusetts, died July 3, 1798; married 
a Miss Randall; children: Horace, Rus- 
sell, Erastus, Lloyd and Perry. 4. Rufus, 
born May 16, 1745, died young. 5. Abel, 
of further mention. 6. Hannah, born Sep- 
tember 2, 1749. 

(V) Abel West, son of John (2) and Re- 
beka (Abel) West, was bora May 6, 1747, 
and died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, Jan- 
uary 12, 1836. He married Hannah Chap- 
man, of Vemon, born April 2, 1753, and 
they had children : John Chapman, bom in 
Vernon, Connecticut, June 4, 1775, died 
May 26, 1776; Hannah, born December 
7, 1777, at Vernon ; Abel, Jr., of further 
mention; Rhoda, born in Vemon, Sep- 
tember 27, 1782 ; Almira, born at Wash- 
ington, Massachusetts, July 21, 1790; 
Betsey, born at Washington, May 14, 
1792; Laura, bom at Washington, July 
21, 1798. 

(VI) Abel (2) West, son of Abel (i) 
and Hannah (Chapman) West, was bom 
at Vernon, Connecticut, November 27, 
1780, and died February 2, 187 1. After 
his marriage Mr. West made his home in 
Washington, Massachusetts, for a time, 
but about the year 1808 removed to Pitts- 
field. He hired out his services to Colo- 
nel Simon Lamed, and by living frugally 
and economically he amassed a sufficient 
capital to enable him, in 1816, to purchase 
a farm, and on this he resided until his 
death. He married, in 1808, Matilda 
Thompson, who was born in Pelham, 
Massachusetts, July 9, 1782, died May 10, 
1866; she was the daughter of Thomas 
and Martha (Smith) Thompson; her 
father, Thomas Thompson, who died at 



the age of one hundred and three years, 
seven months, three days, was a British 
soldier, coming over in Burgoyne's army. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. West: i. 
Charles Edwin, born February 23, 1809, 
in Washington, Massachusetts, died in 
Brooklyn, New York, March 9, 1900; at 
the age of eighteen years he commenced 
teaching, and although he had been edu- 
cated in medical and legal lore, he re- 
mained devoted to the cause of peda- 
gogy; was the first one to receive the 
degree of Doctor of Pedagogy bestowed 
by the State Regent of New York 
State, making the higher education of 
women his especial care; he was the 
first principal of Rutgers Female Insti- 
tute in 1839, took charge of the Buffalo 
Female Seminary in 1851, and from 1859 
to 1889 was in charge of the Brooklyn 
Heights Seminary ; the degree of Master 
of Arts was conferred upon him by Union 
and Columbia colleges, that of Doctor of 
Medicine by the University of the City of 
New York, and that of Doctor of Laws 
by Rutgers; he was elected a fellow of 
the Royal Antiquarian Society of Den- 
mark in 1849, ^^^ ^^s ^ member of the 
American Ethnological, the American 
Philological, the New York Historical, 
the Long Island Historical, and the Berk- 
shire Historical societies; the New York 
Century Club, and a variety of other edu- 
cational and learned organizations ; some 
of his childhood years had been spent at 
Pittsfield, and he always afterward spent 
a portion of his summer vacations there, 
taking the greatest interest in its agri- 
cultural welfare, and being himself an ex- 
hibitor at the county fairs; he married 
(first) 1835, Antoinette Gregory, of Al- 
bany, New York; (second) Elizabeth 
Green Giles, of Worcester, Massachu- 
setts. 2. John Chapman, whose sketch 
follows. 3. Harriet Matilda, born in 
Washington, Massachusetts, May 22, 

1813, died in Brooklyn, New York, March 
17, 1886; she married, September 17, 1857, 
David Campbell, of Sandusky, Ohio, edi- 
tor of the "Sandusky Herald." 4. Wil- 
liam Thompson, born in Washington, 
Massachusetts, January 15, 1815, died in 
Sandusky, Ohio, June 13, 1899; he mar- 
ried, January 23, 1844, at Sandusky, Ma- 
hala Todd, who died December 24, 1902 ; 
children: i. Mary Campbell, bom March 
5, 1847, died January 27, 1852. ii. William 
Gilbert, born at Sandusky, Ohio, April 26, 
1850, died at Petersburg, Virginia, April 
I7> 1913; he owned the farm where the 
battle of Petersburg was fought; he mar- 
ried, in August, 1909, Cora Textor, of 
Sandusky, and has one child, William Gil- 
bert, Jr., bom in 1910. iii. King David, 
bom June 9, 1853, was drowned in San- 
dusky Bay, in early manhood, iv. Jennie 
Matilda, born in Sandusky, November 30, 
1855 ; married, October 18, 1877, in San- 
dusky, Charles Livingston Hubbard, and 
has children: Eleanor, born October 5, 
1878; Milicent, bom September 21, 1880, 
married a Mr. Crosskill; Marion, bom 
September 13, 1882 ; Jenna, bom May 29, 
1884. V. Carrie Antoinette, bom October 
28, 1859; married (first) Walter Jordan 
and has one son, Walter West, bom 
October 4, 1889; married (second) Dr. 
Smith, of Overbrook, Pennsylva- 
nia, vi. George Campbell, bom April 26, 
1861, in Sandusky, Ohio, died March 16, 
1910, at Chicago, Illinois; he married, 
September 24, 1896, Mary C. Colver. 5. 
Abel Kingsbury, born at Pittsfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, October 22, 1817, died at San- 
dusky, Ohio, April 16, 1880; he married, 
September 13, i860, Caroline Elizabeth 
Wood, of Lebanon, New Hampshire; 
children: i. Harriet Campbell, bom at 
Sandusky, Ohio, July 16, 1861, unmarried, 
ii. Mary Kingston, bom at Sandusky, 
November 13, 1863; married, April 14, 
1891, George Frederick Anderson, and 



has Marjorie, born at Sandusky, March 8, 
1892. 6. Thomas Dennison, bom at Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, April 7, 1820, died 
September 3, 1881 ; he married, February 
22, 1843, ^^^ Maria Francis, and had one 
child, Robert Francis, bom March 9, 1844, 
died August 12, 1873, married, December 
8, 1869, at Sandusky, Julia Bell, and had 
one child, Bell Francis, bom February 28, 
1871. 7. Gilbert, born January i, 1823; 
he received his education in Pittsfield, and 
upon reaching the age of manhood en- 
tered the store of his brother, John Chap- 
man West, the firm at the time being 
Tracy & West, located on East street, and 
there he remained two years as a clerk; 
in 1843 he purchased the interest of Mr. 
Tracy and the firm name was changed to 
John C. West & Brother, being conducted 
under this style until the death of John C. 
in 1893, making fifty years of uninter- 
rupted partnership; since that time Gil- 
bert West has continued the business 
under the old firm name of John C. West 
& Brother ; he has been an active citizen 
of Pittsfield, following the example of his 
brother, John C, in building extensively, 
and is a large real estate owner, he and 
his brother having developed large tracts 
of land, laid out streets, etc. ; some years 
ago Mr. West was one of the city's as- 
sessors, and for more than thirty years he 
was a member of the board of the fire de- 
partment of Pittsfield ; he is a member of 
the First Congregational Church, and for 
more than thirty years was the librarian 
of the Sunday school ; for many years he 
has been a member of the board of di- 
rectors of the Pittsfield Cemetery Asso- 
ciation; he married Elizabeth Goodrich, 
born in Pittsfield in 1826, died in October, 
1913, a daughter of Orin and Mary (Bogg) 
Goodrich ; they had children : i. William 
Bogg, born in 1852, died unmarried in 
1913. ii. Arthur G., died at about the age 
of three years, iii. Marry G , bom in 1862 ; 

married Mary F. Waite, bom in Pittsfield, 
a daughter of Dr. Lorenzo Waite; chil- 
dren : Frances Elizabeth, Gilbert Lorenzo 
and William Bradford. 

WEST, John Chapman, 

(VII) John Chapman West, son of 
Abel (2) and Matilda (Thompson) West, 
was born at Washington, Massachusetts, 
March 9, 181 1, and died at Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, November 8, 1893. He 
attended the schools of Pittsfield, and 
was there reared to manhood. There was 
a brick yard on the West farm, and John 
C. became an adept in the art of making 
bricks, following that occupation during 
the summer months, and to occupy the 
winter months he learned the trade of 
shoemaking with John Brown, a well- 
known shoemaker and dealer in those 
days. In 1836 Mr. West opened a shoe 
store in Pittsfield in association with J. 
and E. Peck, and three years later he, 
with Doriah Tracy, took the old Bissell 
store on the public square and com- 
menced a general business. His brother, 
Gilbert West, joined him later, the in- 
terest of Mr. Tracy was purchased, and 
the building and the site on which it was 
located became the property of John C. 
West In 1850 West's Block was erected, 
and the brothers remained associated in 
business until the death of John C. West. 
Mr. West was a man of uncommon physi- 
cal strength, a captain of the Berkshire 
Grays, a militia company which gained 
especial prominence in training days. He 
was the first foreman of the earliest hand 
engine company, the Housatonic, and 
subsquently became chief engineer of the 
Pittsfield fire department. Mr. West as- 
sisted in the formation of the Pittsfield 
National Bank, and was for many years 
a member of the board of directors, rarely 



-_>Y// l^clYy ,<^C ::- ') 

>./■ <■ 

-■■ •■ J?y; 

f--...cij ';-/'^^.,./f 


absenting himself from meetings. He was 
a director in the Berkshire County Sav- 
ings Bank and the Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, serving as president of the 
latter for many years. He was for years 
a director in the Pittsfield Cemetery Cor- 
poration, his advice being especially help- 
ful in developing a most beautiful burial 
ground. For many years he was a mem- 
ber of the parish of the First Congrega- 
tional Church, and sang in the choir for 
half a century; he was chairman of the 
committee that built the present church. 
He was always an enthusiastic Democrat, 
and during the war was known as a wat 
Democrat, and served two terms in the 
Legislature. Many Pittsfield streets were 
laid out and more than one hundred and 
fifty buildings were erected by John C. 
West & Brother. He was elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Selectmen in 1853, re- 
elected in 1856, and then reelected for 
nineteen successive terms, being always 
chosen chairman of the board. He was 
active in securing the removal of the 
county buildings to Pittsfield, thereby 
making this the county seat, and in 
obtaining desirable sites for them. Dur- 
ing the Civil War he was very active and 
rendered excellent service by recruiting 
and organizing companies ; he was offered 
a colonelcy of a Massachusetts regiment 
but declined, believing he could be of 
greater service as a private citizen, and 
later he was instrumental in erecting a 
fitting monument to commemorate the 
heroism of the fallen soldiers. 

Mr. West married (first) in Pittsfield, 
February 17, 1836, Clarissa J. Root, bom 
in Pittsfield, in October, 181 5, died in the 
same city, March 21, 1842, a daughter of 
Henry and Thankful (Ashley) Root. 
They had one child, Charles Edwin, 
whose sketch follows. Mr. West married 
(second) in New York City, January 11, 
1844, Maria L. Goodrich, bom in Pitts- 

field, January 3, 1816. Of this marriage 
there were children: i. John Kingsbury, 
born in Pittsfield, January 27, 1847 ; mar- 
ried (first) October 20, 1875, Jessie Camp- 
bell, who died in Chicago, January 25, 
1903; no children; married (second) in 
Detroit, Minnesota, in 1905, Agnes 
Brownjohn; no children. 2. Dr. Frank 
Elliott, whose sketch follows. 3. Frede- 
rick Thomas, whose sketch follows. 4. 
George Herbert, born in Pittsfield, April 
16, 1859, died in the same city, July 23, 
1881, unmarried. 

WEST, Charles Edwin, 

Fiiuuieler, Eat«rprislBS Oitia«B« 

Charles Edwin West, son of John Chap- 
man and Qarissa J. (Root) West, was 
born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, Novem- 
ber 4, 1838. His early education was ac- 
quired in Pittsfield, where he was gradu- 
ated from the high school in the class of 
1855, from whence he went to the Willis- 
ton Seminary, at East Hampton, Massa- 
chusetts, and graduated from that insti- 
tution in 1857. Subsequently he matricu- 
lated at Williams College, as a member of 
the class of 1861, but ill health compelled 
him to leave that institution before his 
graduation. He became a clerk in a store 
at Pontoosuc and remained there a short 
time, then went to Sandusky, Ohio, where 
he was in the employ of his uncles, Wil- 
liam T. and Abel K. West. At the break- 
ing out of the Civil War he joined a three 
months' company, but later returned to 
Pittsfield, and soon engaged in the manu- 
facture of Balmoral skirts, operating six- 
teen hand looms, in a tenement house 
building. Later, in association with W. J. 
Hawkins and Christopher Glennon, under 
the firm name of Hawkins, West & Com- 
pany (1865), he built a woolen mill in 
Dalton, Massachusetts, where they manu- 
factured woolen cloth successfully until 



1885, during which time Mr. West made 
his home in Dalton, having purchased the 
old David Carson homestead. In 1884 he 
went to Nebraska, and there saw what he 
considered a good opening for a bank, 
and established in Albion, Boone county, 
Nebraska, the Albion State Bank. Later 
he organized the First National Bank, 
which absorbed the Albion State Bank, 
and also the Boone County Bank, and this 
has continued successfully since that time. 
He has been its president for some years, 
and associated with him, as cashier and 
vice-president, is Frank S. Thompson, one 
of the able financiers of Nebraska. Mr. 
West has seen the town grow from two 
hundred residents to more than twenty- 
five hundred. He has been very active in 
its development, building many blocks 
and greatly benefiting the town. He pre- 
sented the county with the tower clock 
for the county court house, which is lo- 
cated in Albion, gave the organ to the 
Congregational church in Albion, and has 
been one of the leading spirits of the town, 
although he makes his home in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, and divides his time 
between the two places. In former years 
he invested in farm land in three diflFerent 
counties in Nebraska, Butler, Howard 
and Boone, and cultivated these farms 
until three years ago, when he abandoned 
this form of industry. It was through his 
instrumentality that Albion was one of 
the recipients of a Carnegie Library, and 
he has been active in obtaining books for 
its shelves. Mr. West was treasurer and 
manager of the General Electric Manu- 
facturing Company of New York City for 
a number of years, manufacturing arc 
lights and electric machinery, and in this 
connection traveled throughout Colorado 
and Texas. 

Some years ago Mr. West was the li- 
brarian of the Sunday school of the First 
Congregational Church of Pittsfield, and 

while a resident of Dalton was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school there, and 
a member of the Dalton school board 
committee. He also sang in the choir, 
both in I>alton and Pittsfield, and while 
in Sandusky, Ohio, was the chorister of 
the Presbyterian church. For many years 
he has been a member of the First Con- 
gregational Church in Pittsfield. Since 
the death of his father he has had charge 
of the estate. A part of the West Block, 
which he built in association with his 
brother, is now the Westerly Hotel. In 
a recent telegram received by him from 
the Board of Trade a request was made 
to put up the front of the West Block 
as a fitting tribute to him as a benefactor 
of the town. He is also the owner of con- 
siderable other real property. 

Mr. West married, in Pittsfield, Octo- 
ber 9, 1867, Belle Morrison, daughter of 
Ezekiel Morrison, a prominent citizen of 
La Porte, Indiana. They have had chil- 
dren : I. Kate, born in Dalton, Massachu- 
setts, January 8, 1872; married, October 
18, 1898, James Elmer Cutler, of West- 
field, New Jersey, an electrical engineer 
in New York, and in this connection has 
fitted up many of the largest buildings in 
New York; they have one child, James 
Westford. 2. Isabelle Morrison, bom in 
Dalton, Massachusetts, May 15, 1879; 
married, September 3, 1903, William B. 
Jackson, of Madison, Wisconsin, an elec- 
trical engineer in Chicago, with an office 
in Boston, has a force of ninety men, and 
conducts business under the firm name of 
D. C. and W. B. Jackson, also president 
of the Western Association of Electrical 
Engineers ; children : Isabelle West, bom 
in Pittsfield, May 11, 1910; Josiah Ken- 
net, bom in Chicago, July 10, 191 1 ; Mary 
Price, bom in Chicago, July 5, 1913. 3. 
Ara Maria, born in Dalton, Massachu- 
setts, February 25, 1883 ; unmarried. 



WEST, Frank ElUott, M. D., 

Pgomlaeiit Pliyslelaii* 

(VIII) Dr. Frank Elliott West, the 
Dean of the Medical Staff of Long Island 
College, and who for thirty-eight years 
has occupied a chair in that institution, 
is well fitted for the profession which he 
has chosen as a life work. He was born 
in Pittsfield, June 8, 1850, son of John 
Chapman and Maria L. (Goodrich) West. 

Dr. Frank E. West obtained a practical 
education in the public schools of Pitts- 
field, and this was amplified by attendance 
at Greylock Institute and Williams Col- 
lege, from which latter institution he was 
graduated in the class of 1872, and is a 
member of the Alpha Delta Phi. After 
his graduation he turned his attention to 
the study of law, placing himself under 
the competent instruction of Messrs. 
Bowerman and Willcox, but this not 
proving exactly to his liking, he took up 
the study of medicine with Drs. Paddock 
and Adams, two of the most eminent phy- 
sicians in Western Massachusetts, and 
under their instruction he made rapid 
progress, and in addition he also attended 
lectures at the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York City and at the 
Long Island College and graduated from 
the latter institution in the year 1876. 
The following year he spent as an interne 
at the Long Island College, thereby ma- 
terially adding to his store of knowledge 
by practical experience, and at the expira- 
tion of his interneship he engaged in the 
general practice of his profession, in 
which he was successful. Shortly after- 
ward he was appointed to a chair in the 
Long Island College, and from 1878 to 
1885 ^c taught physical diagnosis and dis- 
eases of the heart and kidneys. In 1886 
he was appointed to the chair of Pro- 
fessor of Therapeutics and Clinical Medi- 
cine and has occupied that chair up to the 
present time, a period of three decades. 

Since 1880 he has served in the capacities 
of visiting physician of the Long Island 
College, dean of the hospital faculty, visit- 
ing physician of the Brooklyn Hospital 
for several years, and also of the Kings 
County Hospital, and consulting physi- 
cian in many other hospitals, in all of 
which he has rendered efficient service. 
He practically retired from his general 
practice some years ago and now special- 
izes in diseases of the heart, lungs, liver, 
and kidneys, also nervous diseases, and 
along these lines has been signally suc- 
cessful, owing to his thorough preparation 
and the earnestness with which he applies 
himself to each and every case. In no 
department of professional activity has 
there been greater advancement than in 
medicine and surgery, and with the prog- 
ress and improvements Dr. West has kept 
in close touch, so that he is one of the 
most able exponents of the more im- 
proved methods and practices. He has 
also written extensively on medical sub- 
jects and his articles have appeared in 
medical and other journals and have 
elicited considerable praise. He holds 
membership in the Brooklyn Patholog- 
ical Society, Allied Physicians of Long 
Island, New York Academy of Medi- 
cine, New York State Medical Society, 
Kings County Medical Society, of which 
he was president in 1891, and refused 
renomination, was trustee of the same 
for ten years, chairman of the board 
eight years, and chairman of the build- 
ing committee that erected the present 
building, the third largest medical library 
building in the United States, the Amer- 
ican Medical Association and many 
others. He is a member of the Pathologi- 
cal and University clubs in Brooklyn, and 
the Country Club in Pittsfield. The suc- 
cess attained by Dr. West is due to no 
inherited fortune or to any succession of 
advantageous circumstances, but to his 
own energy and will, his thoroughness 



and efficiency, his studious habits, and 
above all his sterling integrity. He pos- 
sesses a perfect appreciation of the higher 
ethics of life, and has gained and retained 
the confidence and respect of his fellow- 
men, and is distinctively one of the lead- 
ing citizens and prominent medical au- 
thorities of Brooklyn, with whose in- 
terests he is prominently identified. 

Dr. West married, June lo, 1896, Mary 
V. Cable, of Brooklyn, New York, and 
they are the parents of one child, Frank 
Elliott, Jr., born in Brooklyn, April 24, 
1897, at the present time (1915) a student 
in the Choate School preparing for en- 
trance to Williams College. 

WEST, Frederick Thomas, 

(VIII) Frederick Thomas West, son 
of John Chapman and Maria L. (Good- 
rich) West, was bom in Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, March 15, 1855. He was edu- 
cated in Pittsfield, for which he has al- 
ways entertained an affectionate regard, 
and whose interests he has furthered in 
every manner that has lain in his power. 
In early manhood, however, he went to 
Chicago, Illinois, where he established 
himself as a real estate and insurance 
broker, in both of which branches he has 
been eminently successful. He, however, 
decided to make Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
his summer home, and returning here he 
purchased a tract of land, upon which was 
a part of an old house in which the first 
county court was held and for this reason 
it has since been known as Court Hill. 
Here he erected a fine house which is 
located very picturesquely, and com- 
mands a view of the surrounding country 
for many miles around. 

Mr. West married, in Sharon, Connecti- 
cut, September 9, 1886, Anna Sheldon 
Ogden, bom in Chicago, where her father 
was an early settler, and a prominent real 

estate dealer, being the senior member of 
the well-known firm of Ogden, Sheldon 
& Company. Mr. and Mrs. West have had 
children as follows: i. Frances Ogden, 
born in New York City, January i, 1889; 
married, January 29, 1914, Donald Fraser 
McPherson, of Chicago, and has one 
child: Fannie Ogden, born in Chicago, 
March 9, 1915. 2. Eleanor, bom in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, September 18, 1892. 
3. Mahlon Ogden, born in Chicago, No- 
vember II, 1899. 

BACKUS, William G., 

Proprl«tor of 01d«Sst«blisk«d 

One of the well-known citizens of Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, is William G. Back- 
us, who in partnership with his brother, 
Frank C. Backus, continues the business 
established by their father in the Backus 
Block, on land purchased by the elder 
Backus more than sixty years ago, and 
continuously occupied by members of this 
family since that time, thus making it one 
of the oldest established firms of that sec- 
tion of the State. 

William Gordon Backus, father, was 
bom in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in April, 
1812, and died there in November, 1888. 
He was a son of Absalom Backus, also 
bom in Pittsfield, and a grandson of Leb- 
beus Backus, who was born in Connecti- 
cut, removing to Berkshire county, Mas- 
sachusetts, prior to the Revolutionary 
War, and served as a lieutenant in the 
Continental army from Pittsfield. In the 
boyhood of William Gordon Backus the 
opportunities for obtaining a good educa- 
tion were limited, and he was still a young 
lad when he was apprenticed to learn the 
trade of tinsmithing at the old Peck estab- 
lishment. Being of a diligent and per- 
severing disposition, he applied himself to 
obtaining a thorough knowledge of the 
business, and when he attained his ma- 
jority, in 1833, h^ was admitted to part- 



nership, this being the reward of faithful 
service. At the expiration of two years 
he established himself in business inde- 
pendently, beginning on a modest scale, 
and by means of industry and progressive 
and well directed effort, succeeded in 
building up the business to enormous pro- 
portions, and left it as a valuable asset to 
his sons, who have conducted it since that 
time. When his son, William G. Backus, 
attained his majority, he was admitted to 
partnership with his father, under the 
style of William Backus & Son, and after 
the death of the father, a younger son, 
Frank C. Backus, was admitted to the 
business and the firm name was changed 
to William G. Backus' Sons, which ob- 
tains at the present time (1916), enjoying 
the distinction of being the oldest estab- 
lishment to conduct business under one 
name in the city. The elder Mr. Backus 
was prominent in the public life of the 
community, and served as assessor for a 
period of five years. He married, in 1844, 
Laura A. Piatt, daughter of Comfort B. 
Piatt, for many years resident in Pitts- 
field, a cousin of Senator Piatt. Children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Backus: i. Gordon T. 
2. William G., of whom further. 3. Albert 
Piatt, bom in 1850, died in 1887; was a 
resident of Pittsfield; married Minnie 
Tuthill, of Westford, New York. 4. 
Frank C, born January 29, 1855, became 
the partner of his brother, as above men- 
tioned; married Grace West, and has a 
daughter, Laura W. 5. Charles H., born 
in 1862, died in 1888. The mother of these 
children died in 1898, aged seventy-three 

William G. Backus was born in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, September 16, 1848. 
He was educated in the common schools 
of his native city and at Claverack County 
Institute, attending the latter named in- 
stitution for three years, preparing for 
matriculation at Yale College, but, pre- 
ferring a business career to a profes- 

sional one, he did not enter college, in- 
stead he devoted one year, after com- 
pleting his studies at the age of sixteen, 
to recreation, spending his time in hunt- 
ing and fishing. His first employment 
was in the insurance business, his term 
of service extending over a period of one 
year, and he then entered the employ of 
his father, learned the business thor- 
oughly, and when he had attained the age 
of twenty-one was admitted to partner- 
ship, and has since been engaged in the 
same, having as his partner his brother, 
Frank C, as above narrated. Being a 
man of excellent business acumen, as 
proven by the management of his busi- 
ness affairs, he was chosen as a member 
of the board of directors of the Pittsfield 
Gas Company, in which capacity he is 
serving at the present time. He has 
served as city assessor for ten years, as 
water commissioner for fifteen years, and 
he performed the duties of these offices 
with an intelligence, effectiveness and fi- 
delity that entitled him to the public 
thanks. He takes an active interest in 
Free Masonry, being a member of the 
Blue Lodge in which he has filled all the 
chairs but master; also a member of the 
Chapter in which he has held all the 
offices except high priest ; also a member 
of the council and the commandery, and 
has been eminent commander of the latter 
body. He is also a member of the Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, and in addition to the York rites 
herein mentioned has taken fourteen de- 
grees in Scottish Rite Masonry. He is 
also a member of the Park Club. Mr. 
Backus is a gentleman who is well-posted 
and of affable and courteous manner. 
As a citizen he is public-spirited and pro- 
gressive, and he is popular among all 
classes in his native city. 

Mr. Backus married, March 8, 1881, 
Emma Carrier, born in Chatham, April 
26, 1854, daughter of Talman Carrier, who 



was a merchant of Albany. She died 
May 28, 1913, at the age of fifty-nine 

CLARK, Embury PhiUp, 

Hisk SkeHff, GiTil Wat VmUrmM. 

Major-General Embury Philip Clark, of 
Hampden county, Massachusetts, soldier, 
and who for the past twenty years has 
been sheriff of Hampden county, Massa- 
chusetts, is a native of the Connecticut 
Valley, a descendant of worthy ancestors. 
The name, also written Clarke, Qerk, 
Gierke and Clearke, is one of great anti- 
quity in England, from whence it was 
carried to Scotland and Ireland, and ulti- 
mately to this country, either directly or in- 
directly. Originally any person who could 
read and write was given the name, and it 
came to be the surname of learned per- 
sons generally, but particularly of officers 
ecclesiastical courts and parish churches, 
who were entrusted with entering and 
preserving the records. In medieval days 
the name was one to be respected, hence 
it is of frequent use in Domesday Book, 
either written in one of the various spell- 
ings given above, of Qericus, "clerk or 
clergyman," "one of the clerical order." 

The family appears very early in the 
history of Buckland, Franklin county, 
Massachusetts, where Robert Clark was 
living in 1790, with three males over six- 
teen, two under sixteen, and four females 
in his family, four sons and probably 
three daughters. He is probably de- 
scended from the old Clark family of 
Northampton, later of Hadley and Am- 
herst, of Scotch ancestry. Nothing is 
known of his parents. His son, James 
Clark, born about 1780, in Buckland, was 
a farmer there throughout his active life, 
and in 1828 was a member of the com- 
mittee appointed to build the Methodist 
Episcopal church in Buckland. He mar- 
ried Almeda Davis, and his third son. 


Chandler Clark, was bom February 24, 
1807, in Buckland, where he vras a farmer. 
In 1859 he removed to Hcdyoke, Massa* 
chusetts, where he was a shoe merchant, 
an active member of the Methodist 
church, and died December 30, 1877. He 
was actively interested in the city affairs 
of Holyoke, was a Republican during the 
later years of his life, having previously 
been a Free Soiler. He married, Decem- 
ber 17, 1835, Joanna, daughter of Spencer 
Woodward, a pioneer farmer of Buckland, 
She died in Holyoke, May 28, 1885. Their 
youngest and only surviving child is the 
subject of this biography. 

Major-General Embury Philip Clark 
was born March 31, 1845, in Buckland, 
where his youthful days were spent 
After receiving such education as the 
public schools of that period afforded, he 
entered upon the larger school of ex- 
perience as a clerk in a grocery store. He 
was soon, however, to see a still more 
strenuous field of action spread before 
him, and receive an urgent call that ap- 
pealed to his higher nature. When but 
seventeen years of age, in July, 1862, he 
enrolled with the other thousands of 
young, intelligent and loyal sons of Mas- 
sachusetts, to defend the Union, joining 
Company B, Forty-sixth Regiment Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Militia. The regi- 
ment was sent to North Carolina as soon 
as organized, and immediately began 
campaign work on an expedition to King- 
ston, Whitehall and Goldsboro, under 
General J. S. Foster. The following sum- 
mer it was ordered to Fortress Monroe 
to join the Army of the James, which was 
to proceed against Richmond; but on 
arriving at Fortress Monroe the order 
was changed, and the regiment dispatched 
to Baltimore, then to Harpers Ferry, fi- 
nally joining the Army of the Potomac at 
Funkstown, Maryland. 

When the Civil War was brought to a 
close the occasion was fittingly celebrated 


v.i ^'^ 

V • ; i. 


by a grand review in Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, a triumphal procession 
of the victorious army through the streets 
of the capital, where the march was wit- 
nessed by cheering thousands who thus 
gladly welcomed home the boys in blue 
and rejoiced at the close of the war. On 
this occasion there was suspended across 
Pennsylvania avenue a banner bearing 
the words "The only debt which the coun- 
try owes that she cannot pay is the one 
which she owes her soldiers." With the 
passingyears American citizens have more 
and more realized how much is due to 
those who faced the dangers, the horrors 
and the hardships of war in order to pre- 
serve the Union intact. Another fact in 
which the consensus of public opinion 
agrees is that the soldier, taken all in all, 
makes a better citizen than any other 
class, for the years of warfare bred in him 
a love of country that has been manifest 
in patriotic service ever since. To this 
number of patriotic citizens belongs Ma- 
jor-General Embury P. Clark of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, high sheriff of Hamp- 
den county. In his career he has amply 
shown that he possesses in rich measure 
the sterling characteristics of his worthy 
ancestry. Too much credit or mention in 
historical works cannot be given to the 
names on the fast diminishing muster 
rolls of the Grand Army of the Republic ; 
to those men whose courage and valor 
made possible the preservation of the 
Union, and through whose efforts the 
shackles of bondage were broken that 
held enslaved so many human being^. 

After his discharge from the army, in 
1863, Major-General Qark returned to 
Holyoke, where he was variously em- 
ployed as a druggist, paymaster of a large 
manufacturing and building firm, and 
registrar of the Holyoke waterworks, 
from July i, 1876, until January i, 1893, 
holding the last named position until he 
resigned to assume the duties of sheriff 

of Hampden county. He was reelected in 
1896, 1899, 1901, 1906 and 1910. The term 
has been extended so that his tenure of 
office will not expire until 191 5, mak- 
ing a continuous service of twenty-one 
years, a period longer than that of any 
previous sheriff. During Major-General 
Clark's encumbency the business of the 
office has doubled, and now employs a 
force of twenty-five deputies, and has 
charge of the new and modern county jail 
at Springfield, one of the finest buildings 
in the State, holding from two hundred 
and twenty to two hundred and fifty in- 
mates. Major-General Qark's popularity 
is evidenced by his long period of service 
in one office, and the same testifies also to 
his efficiency and high moral worth. 

The close of the Civil War did not de- 
tract from Major-General Clark's interest 
in military matters, and in 1868 he joined 
the State Militia, becoming sergeant of 
Company K, Second Regiment. He was 
elected captain, June 4, 1869, major, Au- 
gust 14, 1871, colonel, August 31, 1875, 
and discharged April 28, 1876. He rc- 
enlisted December 23, 1878, becoming 
captain of Company D, was elected lieu- 
tenant-colonel, August 2, 1879, and colo- 
nel, February 2, 1899. He was among the 
first to respond to the call for troops in 
the Spanish-American War, and as colo- 
nel of the Second Regiment of Infantry 
Massachusetts Volunteers, he was sta- 
tioned at Santiago, Cuba, in 1898. He 
was nominated by President McKin- 
ley to be brigadier-general by brevet at 
the same time that Colonel Theodore 
Roosevelt of the First Volunteer Cavalry 
was nominated for the same position, 
January 30, 1899, ^^^ appointments to 
date from July, 1898, for gallantry in the 
battle of Elcaney, Cuba, July i, 1898. 
From the "Criterion" is extracted the fol- 
lowing notice, which shows the efficiency 
and standing of the Second Regiment: 
"Barring no regiment of regulars was 



there a finer drilled or better officered 
body of men in the campaign than this 
magnificent regiment. The writer saw it 
fight a battle as though it were on a dis- 
play drill, and at all times it maintained 
this same high degree of efficiency and 
discipline, whether in battle or in camp." 

Major-General Gark was appointed briga- 
dier-general, July 26, 1904, and held that 
office for seven years when he retired, 
July 29, 191 1, with the rank of major-gen- 
eral. In October of that year a great 
banquet was tendered him at which over 
two hundred were present, including the 
Governor and staff and men of promi- 
nence in all walks of life from all over 
New England, one of the most represen- 
tative gatherings ever held in Boston. 

Major-General Clark is a charter mem- 
ber of Kilpatrick Post, No. 7, Grand 
Army of the Republic, in whose work he 
has taken a very active part, and of which 
he was commander eight years. He is a 
member of Massachusetts Commandery, 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of 
the United States ; the Naval and Military 
Order of the Spanish-American War, of 
which he was commander-in-chief in 1904; 
the Society Army of Santiago de Cuba; 
Order of Foreign Wars ; Legion of Span- 
ish War Veterans. He is also a member 
of the Springfield Board of Trade ; Nyas- 
set Qub ; Winthrop Club ; Holyoke Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows; 
Knights of Pythias of Holyoke ; Belcher 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. He 
has always given his political allegiance 
to the Republican party, but is not an 
active partisan, occupying any office as a 
public servant, solely on his record and 
ability and not through solicitation on his 
part, his personal qualifications being his 
recommendation for any promotion. He 
has ever taken a gjeat interest in educa- 
tional matters, and at the time of his re- 
moval to Springfield was a member of the 

School Board of Holyoke, an office he had 
filled continuously for a period of fifteen 

Major-General Clark married (first) 
August 21, 1866, Eliza Ann Seaver, bom 
February 13, 1846, a daughter of Perley 
and Julia (Field) Seaver. She was a 
lady of brilliant accomplishments, and 
for many years was a member of the 
choir of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Holyoke. She died in 1909. 
He married (second) April, 1910, Mae M. 
Zeigler, born near Mansfield, Ohio. Chil- 
dren by first wife: i. Kate Elizabeth, 
born at Chicopee, December 3, 1869; ^^t^- 
ried Edwin L. Brewer, and has four chil- 
dren. 2. Edward Simpson, April 5, 1873, 
in Holyoke ; married Bessie Farr, daugh- 
ter of H. M. Farr, of Holyoke. 3. Fred- 
erick Bayard, September 4, 1878, at Hol- 
yoke; educated at Holyoke and Spring- 
field B}isiness College ; was a clerk in the 
office of the civil service examiners at 
Washington, and now in the Isthmian 
Canal Department; married Alice Ly- 
man, of Northampton. 4. Alice May, 
May 18, 1880, at Holyoke; graduate of 
the MacDuffee School at Springfield; 
married George S. Lombard, of the Lom- 
bard Iron Works of Augusta, Georgia. 

ROBERTS, John Wflbur, 

John Wilbur Roberts, of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, has acquired a position in 
his community and State, which argues 
not alone the possession of determination 
and energy, but also that of keen intelli- 
gence and executive ability of a high 
order. To gain a position of leadership 
in any department of business life re- 
quires that the individual give close atten- 
tion to the duties that devolve upon him 
as he studies the question of management 
from every point of view, that he be con- 



stantly alert to opportunities, and that his 
energy and perseverance be of particu- 
larly enduring character. Possessing all 
these requirements, Mr. Roberts, now the 
cashier and custodian of funds of the 
Springfield branch of the Mutual Life In- 
surance Company of New York, leaves no 
stone unturned to increase the prestige of 
the corporation with which he is con- 
nected. He is a man with a large circle 
of friends and few, if any, enemies, his 
genial manner, unfailing courtesy and un- 
feigned cordiality gaining for him the 
high regard of those with whom he is 
brought in contact. 

John Wilbur Roberts is a son of the 
late Edwin and Hulda T. Roberts, the 
death of the latter occurring in 191 1 at 
the age of seventy-two years. Mr. Rob- 
erts was born in Pharsalia, Chenango 
county, New York, and there attended 
the public schools. At the age of fifteen 
years he came to Belchertown, Massa- 
chusetts, and after a year spent in that 
town removed to Springfield, with which 
city he has since then actively and bene- 
ficially identified. He began his business 
career in the cotton mills at Three Rivers, 
where he was employed for a short period 
of time, and was then in succession in the 
following positions : One year in the toy 
piano factory of Black & Perry, in Spring- 
field ; one year in the skate factory of Bar- 
ney & Berry ; five years with the Smith & 
Wesson Company. Then, after attending 
Coleman's Business, in Newark, New Jer- 
sey, from which he was graduated, he 
returned to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
and secured a position in the office of 
A. N. Mayo & Company, paper stock 
dealers, where he remained a few months ; 
the three years following he was with the 
Springfield Gas Light Company ; one year 
with the HoUey-Whitmore Steam Heat- 
ing Company, at the end of which time 
they went out of business. In November, 

MASS-VoL 4-4 49 

1890, he formed a connection with the 
Springfield branch of the Mutual Life In- 
surance Company of New York. His first 
position was as solicitor, and upon the 
death of one of the clerks in the office, 
he was appointed to the position of junior 
clerk, and from that has risen, by reason 
of ability and faithful discharge of his 
duties, to his present responsible post. 
This is a record of faithful and efficient 
service of twenty-five years' duration, 
longer than that of any other in the 
Springfield office. 

In 1897 Mr. Roberts became a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, in which he at once became a lead- 
ing spirit, and has since been closely 
identified with the order, greatly to its 
benefit. He was appointed right sup- 
porter of the vice-grand, and filled that 
office for one term, when he was ap- 
pointed conductor of the lodge, and the 
following term elected vice-grand. At the 
next term he was elected noble grand, 
and in September, 1908, was appointed 
district deputy grand master of his dis- 
trict comprising De Soto Lodge of Spring- 
field, and St. John's Lodge of Chicopee. 
In September, 1909, he was appointed by 
Grand Master Charles B. Perry, grand 
marshal of the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts, and in 1910 he was elected 
grand warden of the Grand Lodge of 
Massachusetts, and in 191 1 he was elected 
deputy grand master. In September, 1912, 
he was elected grand master of the Grand 
Lodge of Massachusetts, the highest State 
office in the order, and served with effi- 
ciency and to the great satisfaction of all 
the officers and members in his jurisdic- 
tion until September, 1913, when his term 
expired. He was elected and installed in 
this office in Boston, and the following 
day returned to Springfield, where one of 
the largest receptions ever accorded to 
anyone in that city was tendered him. A 


dinner was served at the Kimball Hotel 
at 7:00 p. m.; this was followed by a 
parade, which was also a part of the order 
of the day, and was one of the grandest 
and most imposing spectacles of its kind 
ever seen in Springfield. The people not 
only of the city, but of all the surround- 
ing county, turned out en masse to wit- 
ness this important celebration, and the 
ceremonies closed with a mass meeting 
held in the Court Square Theatre, which 
was packed to the doors with people 
anxious to hear the able address of Mr. 
Roberts. He also served as chairman 
of the finance committee of the Grand 
Lodge, and as a member of the board of 
trustees of the Odd Fellows' Home in 
Worcester. Mr. Roberts is also a mem- 
ber of Agawam Encampment, Independ- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows; Hamp- 
den Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Morning Star Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons; Springfield Council, Royal and Se- 
lect Masters; Springfield Commandery, 
Knights Templar, and of all the Scottish 
Rite bodies in Masonry. He is past high 
priest of Morning Star Chapter, past 
thrice illustrious master of Springfield 
Council, and is among the prominent Ma- 
sons of the State of Massachusetts. 

As a singer Mr. Roberts has ability of 
a remarkably high order, and for nearly 
thirty years has sung in the leading 
church choirs, and taken an active part 
in many musical affairs of prominence in 
Springfield. He began his career as a 
member of Grace Church choir, from 
whence he went to Christ Church; later 
he sang at the morning service at Olivet 
Church and the evening service at Christ 
Church; then was at Christ Church for 
a period of four years; then sang for 
three years at Trinity Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, after which he formed a 
connection with the Church of the Unity, 
where he sang for a period of twenty 
years, his longest record of continued 

musical activity in any one church. In 
April, 191 5, he came to Hope Congre- 
gational Church, where he not only sings, 
but is the musical director of the choir. 
He was for a number of years an active 
member of the Orpheus Club, was the 
first president of the Musical Art Society, 
is a member of the Schubert Male Choir, 
and has taken a prominent part in nu- 
merous amateur productions of operas, 
among them being the following: The 
part of the major-general and the ser- 
geant in the "Pirates of Penzance," and 
Gaspard in the "Chimes of Normandy .** 
He has been the able conductor of a num- 
ber of Old Folks Concerts, and for some 
years was the coach for the Dramatic 
Club of the Technical High School, which 
gave very creditable performances. In 
political opinion he is a staunch sup- 
porter of Republican principles, and has 
always taken an active interest in all mat- 
ters concerning the public welfare. Both 
he and his wife are communicants of 
Christ Episcopal Church, and Mr. Rob- 
erts is president of the Trinity Club of 
this congregation. 

Mr. Roberts married, in 1888, Susie L., 
daughter of Henry and Susan Alexander, 
of Springfield, and they are the parents 
of one child, Arthur C, bom in 1890, now 
a bookkeeper in the Chicopee National 
Bank; he was educated in the common 
and high schools and at the Forest Park 
Grammar School; he married, April 14, 
1915, Lena May Scott, of Springfield. 
The elder Mrs. Roberts is a woman of 
great charm of manner and energy, and 
is performing excellent work as the able 
treasurer of the Parish Aid Society. 

PUTNAM, William Eben, 

The ancestry of the American family of 
Putnam has been traced from a very re- 
mote period in England, the first being 



Simon de Puttenham, who lived in 1199, 
and was probably a lineal descendant of 
Roger, who held the manor of Puttenham 
under the bishop of Baieux. The parish 
of Puttenham is in Hertfordshire, close 
to the border of Bedfordshire and Buck- 

(I) The first American ancestor, John 
Putnam, of the seventeenth generation 
directly traced, was baptized at Win- 
grove, County Bucks, England, January 
17* ^579* and died suddenly in Salem Vil- 
lage, now Danvers, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 30, 1662. It is known that he 
was resident of Aston Abbotts, England, 
as late as 1627, as the date of the baptism 
of the youngest son shows, but just when 
he came to New England is not known. 
Family tradition is responsible for the 
date 1634, and the tradition is known to 
have been in the family over one hundred 
and fifty years. In 1641, new style, John 
Putnam was granted land in Salem, was 
a farmer, and exceedingly well oflf for 
those times. He wrote a fair hand, as 
deeds on file show. In these deeds he 
styled himself "yeoman;" once, in 1655, 
'^husbandman." His land amounted to 
two hundred and fifty acres, and was 
situated between Davenport's hill and 
Potter's hill. John Putnam was admit- 
ted to the church in 1647, six years later 
than his wife, and was also a freeman the 
same year. The town of Salem in 1644 
voted that a patrol of two men be appointed 
each Lord's day to walk forth during wor- 
ship and take notice of such who did not 
attend service and who were idle, and to 
present such cases to the magistrate ; all 
of those appointed were men of standing 
in the community. For the ninth day 
John Putnam and John Hathorne were 
appointed. The following account of the 
death of John Putnam was written in 
'733t by his grandson Edward: "He ate 
his .supper, went to prayer with his fam- 

ily, and died before he went to sleep.'* 
He married, in England, Priscilla Gould, 
who was admitted to the church in Salem 
in 1641. 

(II) Nathaniel Putnam, third son of 
John Putnam, was baptized October 11, 
1 61 9, at Aston Abbotts, and died July 23, 
1700, at Salem Village. He was a man of 
considerable landed property; his wife 
brought him seventy-five acres additional, 
and on this tract he built his house and 
established himself. Part of his property 
has remained uninterruptedly in the fam- 
ily. It is now better known as the "old 
Judge Putnam place." He was constable 
in 1656, and afterwards deputy to the 
general court, 1690-91, selectman, and 
always at the front on all local questions, 
whether pertaining to politics, religious 
affairs, or other town matters. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Hutchinson, of Salem Vil- 

(III) Captain Benjamin Putnam, son 
of Nathaniel Putnam, was born Decem- 
ber 24, 1664, at ^alem Village, and died 
at the same place about 171 5. He was a 
prominent man in Salem and held many 
town ofiices, being tythingman at the 
village in 1695-96, constable and collector 
in 1700, selectman in 1 707-1 713, and was 
often on the grand and petit juries. He 
held the position of lieutenant and cap- 
tain, was in the Indian war, and received 
the titles in 1706-1711. December 30, 
1709, he was chosen deacon of the church 
of the village. His will, dated October 
28, 1706, was proved April 25, 1715. He 
married (first) Elizabeth Putnam, (sec- 
ond) Sarah Holton. 

(IV) Deacon Isaac Putnam, son of 
Captain Benjamin Putnam, was bom Au- 
gust 22, 1699, in Salem Village, and died 
in Bedford, Massachusetts, November 12, 
1760. He married, about 1720-21, Sarah, 
daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth 



(Giles) Bacon, of Billerica, Massachu- 
setts, born December 25, 1696. 

(V) Tarrant Putnam, son of Deacon 
Isaac Putnam, was born September 2, 
1733, in Bedford, died 1804, in Newbury, 
Vermont. He married (first) in Dan- 
dridge, July i, 1756, Mary, daughter of 
Eleazer Porter, baptized August 22, 1736. 
He married (second) Eleanor Porter. 

(VI) Eleazer Porter Putnam, son of 
Tarrant Putnam, bom December 8, 1758, 
in Danvers, died 1813, in Corinth, Ver- 
mont. He married, April 28, 1781, Re- 
becca Smith, of Topsfield, Massachusetts, 
born June 29, 1760, died April 15, 1816, in 

(VII) Hiram Smith Putnam, son of 
Eleazer Porter Putnam, was born No- 
vember 14, 1793, in Danvers, and accom- 
panied his parents to Corinth, Vermont. 
In early life he conducted a store for a 
few years in Fair Haven, Vermont, 
whence he removed to Oswego county. 
New York. 

(VIII) Eben Putnam, son of Hiram 
Smith Putnam, was bom about 1825, 
lived for some years in Altmar, Oswego 
county, New York. 

(IX) Willis Putnam, son of Eben Put- 
nam, was born 1850, in Oswego county. 
New York, was a farmer, and lived in 
Stockbridge, New York. He married 
Ida Springer, a native of Oswego coun- 
ty, daughter of Edward and Lavina 
(Walker) Springer, and granddaughter of 
Adam Springer. 

(X) William Eben Putnam, son of 
Willis Putnam, was bom June 6, 1879, 
in Oswego county. New York, in which 
locality he was reared, receiving his edu- 
cation in the public schools of the county. 
Gifted with considerable business ability, 
he soon found occupation in promoting 
the commerce of the country. For some 
time he dealt in school supplies, and was 
for a time a traveling salesman. He set- 

tled in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in 191 1, 
and became interested by purchase in 
various tracts of land, which he is now 
developing into house lots and placing 
on the market. He also engages in a gen- 
eral real estate business, as commission 
broker. He is a member of the Baptist 
church of Hillsdale, New York; an ener- 
getic and industrious business man, he is 
carving out a successful career in the 
city of his home, and is esteemed and re- 
spected by his contemporaries. He mar- 
ried. May 5, 1895, in Oswego county. New 
York, Maude Vivian Roberts, daughter of 
Frank and Ida (Reynolds) Roberts. They 
are the parents of three children : Clyde 
Franklin, born in Syracuse, New York; 
Meta Irene, born in Pittsfield ; and Ralph 
Eugene, bom in Fulton, New York. 

CURTIS, William Derbyshire, 

Public Ofteiali 

William Derbyshire Curtis has attained 
a place of prominence in business and 
political circles, having filled various 
offices of trust and responsibility, and as 
a citizen he is progressive and public- 
spirited, and his example in many re- 
spects is worthy of emulation. 

The name of Curtis is derived from a 
Norman French word — curteis or curtois 
— meaning courteous, civil. The family 
settled very early in Kent, England. The 
coat-of-arms of the family of Kent and 
Sussex is: Argent, a chevron sable be- 
tween three bulls' heads cabossed g^les. 
Crest: A unicorn passant or between 
four trees proper. The pedigree of this 
family is traced back as far as Stephen 
Curtis, of Appledore, Kent, about 1450. 
Several of his descendants were mayors 
of Tenterden, from whence came some of 
the first settlers of Scituate, Massachu- 
setts. The Curtis family was also among 


, v^ 


•V ., 

.A .•* «.. ^■•' .i^ .• o 

<, .J. 


\ : 



the pioneer settlers of Berkshire county, 

(I) Henry Curtis, who was the founder 
of the American family, was born in 1621, 
and died November 30, 1661. In 1645 ^^ 
had land granted him at Windsor, Con- 
necticut, and in all probability lived there 
until the town voted to put his property 
for a currier's use, if it were for sale, in 
1655. In January, 1660, we find his name 
in a list of householders paying for seats 
in church, and in a list of "the number of 
children born in Windsor from the be- 
ginning," made in 1677, the name of 
"Henry Curtice" is included. One record 
says that he removed to Northampton, 
and his widow, Elizabeth, married (sec- 
ond) June 22, 1662, Richard Weller, at 
that time also of Windsor, Connecticut, 
who died about 1690. 

(II) Nathaniel Curtis, second son of 
Henry and Elizabeth Curtis, was born in 
Windsor, Connecticut, July 15, 1651. He 
married Prudence . 

(III) Samuel Curtis, son of Nathaniel 
and Prudence Curtis, was bom in 1683. 
He married, in 1710, Lois Wentworth. 

(IV) Elnathan Curtis, son of Samuel 
and Lois (Wentworth) Curtis, was bom 
in Windsor, Connecticut, April 10, 1712, 
and died at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, 
August 20, 1780. He and his wife were 
admitted to the Congregational church at 
Stockbridge, June 5, 1763, by letter from 
New Preston, Connecticut. He married, 
March 10, 1737, Rose Weller, born in 
Guilford, Connecticut, in April, 1714, died 
June I, 1808, a daughter of Thomas 
Weller. They had nine children. 

(V) Abel Curtis, third child of Elna- 
than and Rose (Weller) Curtis, was born 
in Woodbury, Connecticut, February 17, 
1740, and died at Stockbridge, Massa- 
chusetts, July 29, 1829. He served in the 
War of the Revolution. He married at 
West Stockbridge, September 18, 1767, 

Sarah Neale, born January 17, 1749, died 
April s, 1831, a daughter of Samuel and 
Ruth Neale, of West Stockbridge, Massa- 
chusetts. They had eight sons and five 

(VI) Ocran Curtis, eighth child of 
Abel and Sarah (Neale) Curtis, was born 
at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, April 20, 
1780, and died December 12, 1849. He 
was a merchant at Stockbridge and very 
prosperous. He married. May 28, 1806, 
Lucy Dresser, bom at Charlton, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1787, died April 13, 1857, a 
daughter of James and Irene Dresser. 
They had ten. children. 

(VII) William ' Otis Curtis, son of 
Ocran and Lucy (Dresser) Curtis, was 
bom at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, July 
IS, 1817, and died Febraary 20, 1895. In 
1833 h^ came to Lenox, Massachusetts, 
established a stage line, and for a period 
of twenty years operated this between 
Lee and Pittsfield, connecting with the 
Western, now the Boston & Albany, rail- 
road, and became the proprietor of the 
famous Curtis Hotel, which he founded 
in 1853. It ^^^ always been kept strictly 
up to date in all its appointments and 
management since its inception, and en- 
joys a well merited popularity. In pub- 
lic affairs Mr. Curtis also played a promi- 
nent part, serving as selectman, deputy 
sheriff, as a delegate to the General Court 
in 1853, and in other offices. He married, 
November 5, 1842, Jane Evaline Derby- 
shire, a daughter of William and Laura 
(Trowbridge) Derbyshire, and had three 
sons. Laura (Trowbridge) Derbyshire 
was a daughter of Joseph Trowbridge, 
of New Haven, Connecticut. Lucy 
(Dresser) Curtis, mother of Mr. Curtis, 
was descended from John Dresser, who 
settled at Rowley, Massachusetts, in 
1638; from William and Joanna (Bless- 
ing) Towne, who came from Yarmouth, 
England, and settled at Salem, and from 



Edmund Towne, born in Yarmouth, Eng- 
land, in 1628, who married Mary Brown- 
ing, born January 7, 1638, a daughter of 
Thomas Browning; from John Peabody, 
born in 1590, and his wife, Isabell, and 
from their son, Francis Peabody, bom at 
St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, in 
1614, married Mary Foster, and came 
with her to America in the ship "Planter" 
in 1635. 

(Vni) William Derbyshire Curtis, son 
of William Otis and Jane Evaline (Derby- 
shire) Curtis, was bom at Lenox, Massa- 
chusetts, December 22, 1843. His educa- 
tion was acquired at the Lenox Academy 
and the Williston Seminary, Easthamp- 
ton, Massachusetts. Upon the comple- 
tion of his education he became the asso- 
ciate of his father in the hotel business, 
and upon the death of the latter in 1895, 
Mr. Curtis became the sole manager of 
this important enterprise. He is also 
largely interested in real estate and the 
sale and rental of properties. He was 
one of the organizers of the National 
Bank of Lenox and is still its president 
and one of its directors; he was one of 
the incorporators of the Savings Bank of 
Lenox, of which he is president and a 
member of its board of trustees and board 
of investment; he is president of the 
Lenox Water Company, of which he was 
formerly treasurer; vice-president of the 
Lenox Improvement Association; direc- 
tor of the Berkshire Mutual Insurance 
Company of Pittsfield, and of the Hamp- 
shire Fire Insurance Company ; trustee of 
the Lenox Academy, and was formerly 
president of the Electric Light and 
Power Company. Like his father, he has 
never shirked the duties of public office, 
and has served as selectman, assessor, 
town treasurer, clerk, and also for two 
decades as State Legislator. At all times 
and in all these various positions he has 
acquitted himself with the highest capa- 

bility and conscientious devotion to the 
duties and the trust reposed in him. He 
is a member of the Congregational church 
and has served as treasurer of its society 
for many years. 

Mr. Curtis married (first) Sylvina C. 
Phelps, born in Lenox, Massachusetts, 
who bore him two children: Otis and 
Lura. He married (second) Sarah But- 
ler Smith, of Coronado, California, a 
daughter of Rev. Eli Smith, a Presby- 
terian minister, of Beirut, Syria, where 
he was stationed many years, and where 
his daughter was bom. 

COLT, Henry, M. D., 

The medical fraternity of Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, has many representatives, 
yet none who are more devoted to their 
profession or are more earnest in the dis- 
charge of their professional duties than 
Dr. Henry Colt, a native of that city, bom 
November 9, 1856, a descendant of an- 
cestors who figured in the early Colonial 
times, conspicuous for the part they 
played in military and community affairs 
during the period of the Revolutionary 

Captain James Danielson Colt, great- 
grandfather of Dr. Henry Colt, was bom 
in 1740, and was one of the early and 
most prominent citizens of Pittsfield. He 
was the owner of one thousand acres in 
the southwestern part of the town, his 
taxes amounting to more than many of 
the other residents of the county. He 
was influential in town affairs, serving as 
selectman in 1782, as a member of the 
various committees appointed during the 
Revolutionary War, in which he took an 
active part, attaining the rank of captain, 
and was also a member of the committee 
appointed to settle church matters con- 
cerning which some difficulties had arisen. 



He and his first wife were members of 
the First Congregational Church in Pitts- 
field, to which they had been admitted in 
1767. Captain Colt married (first) Phebe 
Ely, bom in Lyme, Connecticut, May 16, 
1743, died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
December 25, 1772. She was a daugh- 
ter of Deacon Richard Ely, bom in Lyme, 
October 27, 1697, died February 24, 1777 ; 
he married (first) Elizabeth Peck, who 
died October 8, 1730; (second) October 
26, 1732, Phebe Hubbard, born in 1705, 
daughter of Robert and Abigail (Adams) 
Hubbard, one of the original settlers of 
Hartford, Connecticut. Deacon Richard 
Ely was a son of Richard Ely, bom in 
1656, baptized in Plymouth, England, 
June 19, 1657 ; came to this country with 
his father who settled first in Boston, 
Massachusetts, later in Lyme, Connec- 
ticut, and there Richard Ely married 
Mary Marvin, born in 1666, a daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant Reinold and Sarah 
(Clark) Marvin, of Lyme. Richard Ely, 
Sr., was a son Richard Ely, a native of 
England, who emigrated from Plymouth 
in that country, between 1660 and 1663, 
landing in Boston, Massachusetts, from 
whence he removed to Lyme, Connecti- 
cut, where he became the owner of three 
thousand acres of land, was prominent 
in Colonial affairs, and was among the 
first to give freedom to his slaves. He 
married (first) in England, Joan Phipps, 
who died at Plymouth, England, January 
7, 1660; he married (second) at Boston, 
Massachusetts, in 1664, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Cullick, widow of Captain John Cullick, 
and a sister of Hon. George Fenwick ; she 
died at Lyme, November 12, 1683. Rich- 
ard Ely, the emigrant, died in Lyme, No- 
vember 24, 1684, and at one end of his 
tombstone is the Ely coat-of-arms. Cap- 
tain Colt married (second) in Pittsfield, 
published December 18, 1773, Miriam 
Williams, born February 6, 1756, died 

March 30, 181 1, daughter of Colonel Wil- 
liam and Sarah (Wells) Williams. 

James Danielson Colt, grandfather of 
Dr. Henry Colt, was baptized in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, October 17, 1768, 
died December i, 1856. Mr. Colt was a 
member of the firm of J. D. and S. D. 
Colt, his partner being his brother, Sam- 
uel D. Colt, their partnership commenc- 
ing in 1799, and their place of business 
being located at No. i South street, Pitts- 
field, while his residence was at No. i 
West street. He married, May 8, 1791, 
Sarah Root, born June 24, 1771, died April 
8, 1865, daughter of Ezekiel and Ruth 
(Noble) Root, and a descendant of John 
Root, who came from Badby, England, 
and was a first settler in Farmington, 
Connecticut, in 1640, and from Thomas 
Noble, an early settler of Westfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. Mrs. Colt was admitted to 
the church, June 30, 1799, and was an 
original member of the Union Church, 
August 22, 1809. Mr. and Mrs. Colt were 
the parents of seven children, the young- 
est being Henry, of whom further. 

Henry Colt, father of Dr. Henry Colt, 
was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 2, 1812; baptized June 27, 1813; 
died January 16, 1888. He followed the 
occupation of agriculturist during the 
early years of his life, and later was inter- 
ested as a wool dealer, buying and selling 
wool in Michigan, the plant being sold to 
the Bel Air Company in 1873. He took a 
keen and active interest in community 
affairs, and during the troublesome period 
of the Civil War, from 1862 to 1866, 
served in the capacity of selectman, was 
a water commissioner in 1864, a director 
of the Pittsfield National Bank, and a 
director of the Boston & Albany Railroad 
Company from 1878 until his death. He 
was a member of the First Congrega- 
tional Parish, active in all the work con- 
nected therewith, a prominent member of 



the Berkshire County Agricultural Soci- 
ety, also the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College; a member and trustee of the 
Massachusetts Agricultural Society, and 
a member of the Pittsfield Woolen Com- 
pany, of which he was the president in 
1852. Mr. Colt married, at Utica, New 
York, September 5, 1839, Elizabeth Gold- 
thwait Bacon, born February 7, 1812, 
died September 9, 1890, eldest daughter 
of Judge Ezekiel and Abigail (Smith) 
Bacon ; granddaughter of Hon. and Rev. 
John Bacon and his wife, Elizabeth 
( Gold th wait) Bacon ; and a descendant of 
one of the most distinguished of Berk- 
shire county families. Rev. John Bacon 
was born in Connecticut, and was gradu- 
ated from Princeton College in the class 
of 1765; he was installed assistant pastor 
of the Old South Church in Boston, in 
1771, remained until 1775, then located 
in Stockbridge, Massachusetts; he was a 
member of the State Senate, and presi- 
dent of that body, judge and chief justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas of Berk- 
shire county, and from 1801 to 1816 
served as a member of the State Legis- 
lature. Judge Ezekiel Bacon was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, September i, 
1775, was graduated from Yale College 
in the class of 1794, read law and com- 
menced the practice of his profession at 
Williamstown, Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts. In 1806 he removed to Pittsfield 
and was elected to Congress, was war 
chairman of the Congressional committee 
of ways and means in 1812, and then 
served as judge in the State of Massa- 
chusetts, but subsequently removed to 
Utica, New York, where his death oc- 
curred at an advanced age. A volume of 
his poems was published in 1842. 

Dr. Henry Colt received his prelimi- 
nary education in the public schools of 
Pittsfield, being thus prepared for en- 
trance to Williams College, from which 

institution he was graduated with the 
class of 1878, after which he matriculated 
at the Harvard Medical School, from 
which he received his degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in the year 1881. He then 
located in his native city and has since 
engaged in the practice of his profession. 
In addition to his practice, Dr. Colt serves 
in the capacity of medical director of the 
Berkshire Life Insurance Company ; med- 
ical examiner of Berkshire countv ; chair- 
man of the medical and surgical board of 
the House of Mercy Hospital, Pittsfield, 
an office of which he has been the incum- 
bent for a period of thirty years ; trustee 
and president of the Berkshire Athe- 
njeum, and director in the Pittsfield Na- 
tional Bank. He is a member of Crescent 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; the 
local commandery. Knights Templar ; the 
Park and County clubs ; University Club 
of Boston ; and Williams Club, New York. 

WELLINGTON, Hiram Bartlett, 

SberUr, FnbUe OfiotAL 

From a line of most worthy ancestors, 
Sheriff Wellington inherited those dis- 
tinctive New England qualities which 
make men leaders among their fellows. 
His long and honorable career in Berk- 
shire county reflects credit upon himself 
and honor upon a worthy name. The 
surname Wellington is identical with 
Willington, the more common spelling in 
the old country, though both spellings 
were used interchangeably by many fam- 
ilies a few generations ago in both Eng- 
land and America. The history of the 
family extends back to the Norman con- 
quest of England. The ancient baronial 
family of Willington was established at 
the time of William the Conqueror. It 
is a place-name, like that of many of the 
most important English surnames. The 
family of Willington took the name of 



the town. The WilHngton family at 
Umberleigh, Devonshire; at Todenham, 
County Gloucester; at Barchesterm 
Brailes and Hurley, County Warwick, all 
trace their ancestry to Sir Ralph de Will- 
ington, who married in the fourteenth 
century a daughter of Sir William Cham- 
pernowne, of Umberleigh, inherited his 
estates and assumed his coat-of-arms, 
omitting the billets : Gules a saltire vair. 
Crest : A mountain pine vert, fructed or. 
John de Wellington (or Willington), of 
Derbyshire, lived at or about the time of 
the conquest, and from him descends the 
baronial family above mentioned. There 
are parishes of this name in County Salop, 
County Somerset, Hereford, and, North- 
umberland. The coats-of-arms of the 
Wellingtons are given by Burke : Ermine 
a chevron sable; also ermine a chevron 
sable a crescent or. Crest: A demi-sav- 
age wreathed about the head and middle 
with laurel leaves all proper. Other Will- 
ington arms: Sable a bend engrailed co- 
tised argent ; also : Ermine a chevron (an- 
other sable) ; also: Per pale endented ar- 
gent and sable a chief or ; also : Ermine 
three bends azure; also: Sable a bend 
«ngr. argent cotised or ; also : Or a cross 
vair. The similarity of arms such as may 
be noted in these cites is the best proof 
of relationship in old English families. 

(I) Roger Wellington, planter, born 
1609 or 1610, died March 11, 1698. He 
sailed from England, and probably came 
to Watertown at once on landing. The 
record of him is the first entry of town 
records of Watertown, showing an allot- 
ment of land dated July 25, 1636, a grant 
of the great dividend allotted to the free- 
man and to all the townsmen then inhab- 
iting, one hundred and twenty in num- 
ber. Roger Wellington received twenty 
acres, now a part of Mt. Auburn Ceme- 
tery, on which he built the first Welling- 
ton homestead, where he lived until 1659. 

He frequently appears in the records as 
Corporal Wellington, and served the 
town in various capacities. In 1657 he 
purchased twelve acres of land, contain- 
ing a dwelling house and barn, which be- 
came a part of the family estate in Lex- 
ington and the home of all the Welling- 
ton ancestors. He was admitted a free- 
man, April 18, 1690, and was selectman 
from 1678 to 1684 and in 1691. He mar- 
ried Mary, eldest daughter of Dr. Rich- 
ard and Anna (Harriss) Palgrave, of 

(II) Benjamin Wellington, third son 
of Roger and Mary (Palgrave) Welling- 
ton, born 1646, lived on the family estate 
in Lexington, was called yeoman, and 
died January 8, 1710, at Watertown. He 
married, December 7, 167 1, Elizabeth 
Sweetman, of Cambridge. 

(III) Benjamin (2) Wellington, eldest 
son of Benjamin (i) and Elizabeth 
(Sweetman) Wellington, was bom June 
21, 1676, died November 15, 1748. He 
was admitted a freeman of Lexington in 
December, 1667, and was for many years 
one of the popular men of the town, serv- 
ing for sixteen years as assessor, fifteen 
years as town clerk, eight years as treas- 
urer, two years as representative, 1728 to 
1 731. He was a housewright and carpen- 
ter, and built for himself a house on the 
family estate at Lexington, in 1699. He 
was admitted to the church at Lexington, 
June 10, 1705. He married (first) Janu- 
ary 18, 1698, Lydia Brown. 

(IV) Benjamin (3) Wellington, eldest 
child of Benjamin (2) and Lydia (Brown) 
Wellington, was born in Lexington, May 
21, 1702, died November 15, 1738. He 
married, about 1731, Abigail Fessenden, 
bom July 13, 1713, daughter of Thomas 
and Abigail (Poulter) Fessenden. Their 
children were all born in Lexington. 

(V) Roger (2) Wellington, eldest son 
of Benjamin (3) and Abigail (Fessenden) 



Wellington, was baptized June 30, 1734, 
in Lexington. He married, in Waltham, 
March 15, 1757, Abigail Steam, baptized 
October 13, 1739, in Watertown, daugh- 
ter of John and Anna (Coolidge) Steam. 
Both were admitted to the Lexington 
church, December 25, 1757, and dismissed 
to the Second Church at Brookfield, Jan- 
uary 6, 1760. He lived for a short time 
in Sutton, Massachusetts. He served in 
the French and Indian War in 1757 and 
marched to the relief of Fort William 
and Henry. The Lexington records show 
the baptism of his first child, November 
22, 1758. 

(VI) Eli Wellington, son of Roger (2) 
and Abigail (Stearn) Wellington, was 
born in Sutton, lived in Brookfield, and 
died in North Brookfield, March 6, 1837. 
He married, September 28, 1800, Mar- 
gery Rich, of Ware, Massachusetts. 

(VII) Harvey Wellington, fourth son 
of Eli and Margery (Rich) Wellington, 
was born in North Brookfield, June 28, 
1807, and resided in that town, where he 
was for many years engaged with his 
father-in-law in operating a tannery. 
Here he married (first) December 2, 1830, 
Lucy Hamilton, born November 9 , 1812, 
in Pompey, New York, daughter of James 
and Lucy (Nichols) Hamilton, formerly 
of Brookfield. He married (second) Eme- 
line Bartlett, September 26, 1839, daugh- 
ter of Luther and Olive (Olds) Bartlett. 
Luther Bartlett removed from Brookfield 
to North Adams in 1809 and established a 
tannery on a site near that afterward oc- 
cupied by the iron works on the north- 
easterly side of what is known as Fur- 
nace Hill. His house stood near the sum- 
mit of this hill. In May, 1822, he re- 
moved to Williamstown, where he long 
operated a tannery on Water street, and 
in which his son-in-law, Harvey Welling- 
ton, as noted above, was also engaged. 
For many years he was the village trial 

justice and was commonly known as 
"Squire Bartlett." Harvey Wellington 
died December 11, 1842. 

(VII) Hiram Bartlett Wellington, son 
of Harvey and Emeline (Bartlett) Well- 
ington, was bom in Williamstown, Mas- 
sachusetts, September 12, 1840. He was 
educated at Drury Academy, in North 
Adams, and at the Lenox Academy, both 
schools of high reputation. The former 
was under the charge as principal of Wil- 
liam P. Porter, afterwards a well known 
lawyer of North Adams, and later a 
partner of Senator Dowes. As a boy he 
had gone to Lenox, and at the age of 
twenty years he entered the oflRce of 
Judge Henry W. Bishop, of Lenox, one 
of the ablest lawyers of Berkshire county, 
as a student, and made a thorough study 
of the principles of law, but did not apply 
for admission to the bar until 1899, in 
which year he was admitted. In 1861, at 
twenty-one years of age, he was offered 
a position as deputy sheriff by High 
Sheriff Root, of Berkshire, and from that 
time his life has been entirely given to 
public service. For a period of nineteen 
years he continued to serve as deputy 
sheriff and until his election in 1880 as 
high sheriff. He was twice elected to 
this office and served for six years in all. 
The county seat was then at Lenox, and 
during his last year of residence in that 
town he was town treasurer. He also 
served in various other important capaci- 
ties. In 1863 he was appointed a justice 
of the peace, and has continued as such 
to this time (191 5), a period covering 
over fifty years, probably the longest in 
that office of any person in Berkshire 
county, if not in the Commonwealth. In 
the same year he was also named by Gov- 
ernor Andrew a special coroner for Berk- 
shire, and continued to fill that position 
until it was changed by the Legislature of 
1877 to medical examiner. The position 



of special sheriff was created at that time, 
to which Mr. Wellington was appointed 
and he filled the same until his election 
as high sheriff. In 1863, in the Civil War 
period, he was also appointed United 
States deputy provost marshal. For 
many years he was assistant to A. J. 
Waterman, register of probate, and was 
several times appointed temporary regis- 
ter during the absence of Mr. Water- 
man. In the same line of duty he was 
frequently appointed as guardian admin- 
istrator and executor of estates, and as- 
signee in insolvency cases. In matters 
of insolvency and probate he was espe- 
cially well informed. The foundation 
laid by his study of law gave him a wide 
and exact knowledge and rare qualifica- 
tions for the office of high sheriff and 
others which he so acceptably filled. On 
January i, 1871, he removed, with other 
officials, to the new county seat at Pitts- 
field, and there took the post of deputy 
jailer and assistant to Sheriff Root, in 
reorganizing the prison under its new 

Upon his election to the office of high 
sheriff, Mr. Wellington determined to put 
in force what are now known as civil 
service rules in the organization of his 
office and the selection of deputies. This 
was naturally displeasing to some even 
in his own party, and led to petty annoy- 
ances from certain sections of the county. 
It also caused some small opposition to 
his reelection in 1883, but the general 
approval of his official conduct was so 
strong that he was renominated by ac- 
clamation, and reelected by the usual ma- 
jority, even some of the members of the 
opposing political party giving him their 
support. In all his actions, Sheriff Well- 
ington was ever sustained by the con- 
sciousness of upright intentions and of 
duty well performed. He was also 
sustained and encouraged by the enco- 

miums of his fellowmen and fellow 
officials. The leading members of the 
bar and the judges of the court extended 
to him the highest praise. In 1888 Mr. 
Wellington was appointed associate jus- 
tice of the District Court of Central Berk- 
shire, and is still serving in that capacity. 
At one time he was a member of the Board 
of Public Works. At the time of build- 
ing the bridge across the Connecticut 
river from Willimansett to Holyoke, 
known as the Willimansett bridge, he was 
appointed by Judge Knowlton of the 
Supreme Court as a commissioner to take 
testimony in order to determine the 
amount of money it was necessary to 
assess each town that had been benefited 
by the building of the bridge for this 
purpose. The taking of testimony to 
determine this question was of great mag- 
nitude and required ten days of close, 
hard work. At the time it attracted con- 
siderable attention in Hampden county, 
and required a man of more than the 
average ability. For a period of two 
decades Mr. Wellington has served as 
trustee of the City Savings Bank, which 
he was instrumental in forming in 1893 
and for which he obtained the charter, 
and in which he served as treasurer for 
twenty years, up to 1913 when he was 
elected vice-president, which position he 
still (1915) holds. 

Mr. Wellington was made a Mason in 
Evening Star Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons of Lee in 1862; he took demit 
to Mystic Lodge of Pittsfield, and is now 
a Mason-at-large. In 1882 he became a 
charter member of the Park Club. Mr. 
Wellington's dignified and courteous de- 
meanor, his stern regard for justice, and 
the unblemished purity of his life are 
elements which have earned for him a 
large number of friendships, which he 
still retains. The foundation laid by his 
early study of law and his experience, 



observation and wide reading give him 
an extended and exact range of knowl- 
edge, which especially qualifies him for 
the various offices which he fills with so 
much credit to himself and to the com- 

Judge Wellington married, December 
2, 1863, Nancy B. Sears, born in Lenox, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Marshall 
Sears, of that town. On December 2, 
1913, they celebrated their golden wed- 
ding. Children: i. Marshall S., an 
undertaker in Pittsfield; married Mabel 
E. White ; children : Roger W., Andrew 
S., Persis S. 2. Thomas A., engaged in the 
General Electric Works; married Eliza- 
beth M. Winters. 3. Mary E., who con- 
ducts an art shop in Pittsfield. 4. Susan 
E., married Frank A. McMuUins, part 
owner in the Electric Light & Water 
Plants in Eustis, Florida. 5. Fannie A. 
6. Hiram Bartlett, Jr., clerk and cashier 
in the County Savings Bank. 7. Harvey 
C, a machinist ; married Bessie S. Barnes, 
of Pittsfield; two children: H. Sher- 
wood and Nancy B. 

PARENT, Fere Jean Baptiste, 

Honored DlTlme* 

For twenty-eight years Father Parent 
has been premier cure of the Parish of 
St. Jean Baptiste at Lynn, Massachusetts, 
celebrating his first mass there December 
18, 1887, the parish then numbering five 
hundred communicants, a number that 
has increased under his ministrations to 
forty-five hundred. This vast increase in 
numbers has brought added responsi- 
bilities, and the young priest of thirty- 
four is now the mature cure of sixty-three 
years, and his mental, spiritual and execu- 
tive growth has been in direct proportion. 
He has maintained a high spiritual 
standard in his parish, and in the cause 
of education has labored with great suc- 

cess. He brought to the parish a finely 
cultured mind, trained in the best church 
schools, a deep knowledge of theology of 
his creed, the enthusiasm of youth, and a 
devotion to his sacred calling unsur- 
passed. The years have but strengthened 
these attributes, responsibility has devel- 
oped latent qualities, and has added a 
wisdom and judgment that years alone 
can give. He is a man of wonderful per- 
sonality and magnetism, his strong intel- 
lectual features reflecting his depth of 
character, and his genial and sunny dis- 
position is evidenced by the cheerful 
expression of his features, wherein is 
expressed his sincere love for mankind. 

Jean Baptiste Parent was born in Ya- 
maska, Province of Quebec, Canada, 
December 15, 1853, of French parents, 
Jean Baptiste and Marie (Pepin) Parent. 
He was dedicated to the priesthood in 
boyhood and pursued classical study at 
the College Sorel, whence he was gradu- 
ated in 1874. He then began theological 
study and special preparation for holy 
orders at Three Rivers (Trois Rivieres) 
Seminary, Canada, and was ordained a 
priest of the Roman Catholic church in 
the Cathedral at Three Rivers, Septem- 
ber 23, 1877, by Monsignor Louis La- 
fleche. During 1877 and 1878 he served 
as professor at Three Rivers Seminary, 
and in the latter named year he began 
executive pastoral work as vicar in the 
country parish of Gentilly, remaining 
there until 1881. From that year until 
1883 he was spiritual head of the parish 
of St. Leon de Maskinonge. During 1883 
and until 1886 he was in service at the 
Cathedral at Three Rivers; at Marlboro, 
Massachusetts, 1886-87; thence went to 
the French congregation at Salem, Mas- 
sachusetts, and shortly afterward was 
appointed to the parish of St. Jean Bap- 
tiste at Lynn, beginning his pastoral 
service, Decembefr 18, 1887. At the 



5 T:ii ''^>•' V--.K 

H — 


present time (191 5) five fraternal societies 
flourish within the parish with a member- 
ship of eight hundred men, including 
many young men; a convent des Soeurs 
Ste. Anne was erected in 1907, and the 
"Ecole Paroissiale" built in 1900. This 
school now has an average daily attend- 
ance of seven hundred and fifty pupils, 
whom fifteen teachers, three of whom are 
lay teachers, instruct in the primary and 
grammar grades in both French and Eng- 
lish. The school authorities of Lynn hold 
the school in high appreciation, evidence 
of which is the admission of graduates 
from the grammar school to Lynn High 
School without examination. All the 
material affairs of the church are in pros- 
perous condition, church, parsonage, con- 
vent and school buildings are adequate. 
Father Parent's executive ability being 
only surpassed by his devoted care for the 
spiritual welfare of his people. 

One of the institutions of which Father 
Parent is justly proud is the St. Jean 
Baptiste Credit Union, sumamed ''La 
Caisse Populaire," organized in 1910, 
under the Massachusetts State law with 
a view to promote thrift among his par- 
ishioners and to inculcate the habit of 
economy in the children of the parochial 
school. It is part of the mental training 
of the child, working on its intelligence 
and strengthening its will for what is 
good. Economy is a virtue, the practice 
of which is very difficult, but the Credit 
Union renders it compatible with all. 
It is a benevolent society, conducted ex- 
actly as savings banks. This institution 
ought to be better known and established 
in every school and congregation for it 
appeals to all philanthropic men. Father 
Parent's conviction is that the spirit of 
economy will favor the conquest of the 
fight against alcohol, the enemy of the 
human race, and will lessen the number 

of inmates in the institutions supported 
by the State,- and in due time comfort and 
happiness will reign in a larger number of 
families of the working class, for "Prac- 
tice makes perfect" is the old proverb. 
Thrift and economy is a ruling passion 
inherent in the very woof and warp of the 
French people, as evidenced in the 
prompt manner the great French people 
discharged the indemnity paid to the Ger- 
mans in 1871. Father Parent was the 
first clergyman in the State of Massa- 
chusetts to establish an institution like 
the above, glorifying and nurturing this 
fundamental virtue of thrift. While thus 
working for the temporal advancement of 
his parishioners, Father Parent has by no 
means neglected their spiritual welfare. 
For being deeply impressed by his noble 
mission of saviour of souls, he has organ- 
ized associations for all the categories of 
persons in the parish in order to stimulate 
the practice of Christian virtues and 
thereby lead the souls to a higher state 
of sanctification. 

Father Parent, though heartily at- 
tached to his French Canadian race, is 
nevertheless as much an American and 
devoted to the United States as the 
people of English descent, owing to the 
fact that he was born in America and is a 
naturalized American citizen. He is an 
eloquent, earnest speaker, dignified, kind- 
ly and full of human sympathy. He 
keeps in close touch with his people and 
with current events, writes considerable 
for French publications in an interesting, 
lucid and graceful style, is highly re- 
garded outside his own church and great- 
ly loved by his parishioners. To the 
young men he is a friend and guide in 
matters other than spiritual, and to all 
his people he is firmly bound by ties of 
love and affection as well as by the ties 
of his priestly office. 



COOPER, George Henry, 

George Henry Cooper, of Pittsfield, the 
well known real estate broker and coal 
dealer, is a representative of an English 
family. His father, William H. Cooper, 
born about 1809, in England, where he 
followed various occupations, came to this 
country and settled in Lee, Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, where he engaged 
in gardening, and there he resided until 
his removal to Pittsfield, where he re- 
mained until his death in 1893. ^^ mar- 
ried (second) Emily A. Roberts, daugh- 
ter of Freeborn Roberts. She survived 
him and now resides in Pittsfield. Of 
their seven children, six are now living, 
namely: Carolyn E., living in Dobbs 
Ferry, New York, unmarried; George 
Henry, of further mention; William H., 
a resident of Dalton, Massachusetts; 
Charles H., a citizen of Pittsfield ; Robert 
H., of Pittsfield; Bessie, wife of Percy 
Cocks, residing in Brainard, Minnesota. 

George Henry Cooper was born Au- 
gust 15, 1867, in Lee, where he spent 
his boyhood, and attended school until 
sixteen years of age. Being a youth of 
ambition, he determined to seek employ- 
ment where he might find opportunity 
for advancement. He went to Pittsfield 
and there secured employment with F. 
G. Guilds & Company, truckmen, where 
he continued some six years. His next 
employment was with W. G. Morton, a 
wholesale coal dealer of Albany, New 
York, whom he represented as salesman 
on the road for a period of three years. 
Returning to Pittsfield, he entered the 
office of the Pomeroy Woolen Company, 
where he continued as bookkeeper until 
1895. At this time he decided to embark 
in business on his own account, and 
opened a retail coal establishment, which 
he has operated ever since, with marked 
success. His fair dealing and courteous 

treatment of the public have brought him 
many friends and a large patronage. He 
is a member of the Retail Coal Dealers' 
Association of the New England States, 
of which he was president several years. 
He has been very efficient in writing ad- 
vertisements, so worded as to attract at- 
tention and draw trade. His aptitude in 
this line attracted attention outside of his 
own community, and his services have been 
sought by many dealers throughout the 
country, to which he has responded. His 
keen wit has enabled him to put much of 
what is known as "ginger" into his adver- 
tisements. He first began writing what 
is known as "Cooper osities," which at- 
tracted such wide attention that he be- 
came known throughout the United 
States and, indeed, in foreign countries, 
and has written many letters of an adver- 
tising nature for clients in many parts of 
the world. He has also, for several years, 
been interested in real estate, and is 
regarded as an expert in that kind of 
investment, and has often been engaged 
by proprietors of large properties to aid 
in their disposal. In this he has been 
very successful and has handled many 
large properties, including industrial 
plants and sub-divisions to the advantage 
of himself and his employers. To-day he 
occupies a leading position among real 
estate dealers of New England. Mr. 
Cooper was active in the organization of 
the Pittsfield Board of Trade, of which 
he was the first president, and is inter- 
ested in banking and other enterprises of 
his home city. He is vice-president of 
the Union Cooperative Bank of Pittsfield, 
a member of the corporation of the City 
Savings Bank of Pittsfield, and has been 
for many years a director of the Young 
Men's Christian Association. He is an 
active worker in the Christian Science 
church, and naturally espouses the broad 
principles of that organization. He is 
also a member of the Masonic and Odd 



Fellows' fraternities ; of the Park Club of 
Pittsfield, and of the advisory board of 
the Boys' Club Corporation. Mr. Cooper 
has been for several years connected with 
the Pilgrim Publicity Association of Bos- 
ton, and has spoken for them on the 
subjects of "Cooperation" and "City 
Planning" in many States of the Union, 
and also in Canada. In him every insti- 
tution or movement calculated to advance 
the welfare of mankind finds an active 

Mr. Cooper married, September i6, 
1891, Marietta C. Ayers, daughter of 
Perry J. Ayers, a well known butcher and 
meat dealer, who for many years con- 
ducted business on Fenn street, Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cooper have two children : Harold A., in 
business with his father, and Myra 
Emily. Mrs. Cooper is a descendant of 
one of the first white families in Pitts- 
field. Her mother, Marietta I. Ayers, 
was a great social and community 
worker in Pittsfield, where she was very 
well known. 

NEWELL, Henry Irving, 

LtAtlTe Oitls«B« 

While the business interests of Henry 
Irving Newell, of Lanesboro, Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, have been large 
and varied, he has not allowed them to 
monopolize his entire time and attention, 
but has found opportunity for public 
service which has made the community 
he honors by his residence in it largely 
his debtor. In his business afiFairs he has 
won the title and deserves the praise 
implied in the term "a selfmade man," for 
he started out in life empty handed, and 
advanced to his present position through 
personal merit, resulting from close appli- 
cation, untiring diligence and unfaltering 
perseverance. As the years have passed 

he has so directed his affairs that now he 
is enjoying many of the luxuries of life 
upon a fine farm, which is the visible 
evidence of his well directed thrift and 
industry in former years. He is regarded 
as a worthy scion of his race, which is an 
ancient one, and his personal worth and 
business accomplishments entitle him to 
recognition as one who merits the esteem, 
respect and good will of his fellowmen. 

(I) Edward Newell, great-grandfather 
of Henry L Newell, married Hannah 
Powney, at Badley, England. 

(II) Daniel Newell, son of Edward and 
Hannah (Powney) Newell, was bom in 
Birmingham, England, May 11, 1796, and 
died in Brooklyn, New York, November 
22, 1879. He was in active military 
service while in England, taking part in 
the famous battle of Waterloo, at which 
time he received so severe a gunshot 
wound in his leg that it was found neces- 
sary to amputate that limb. He was a 
fine musician, a member of the band of 
his regiment, and was also skilled in the 
art of making musical instruments, mak- 
ing the first silver-lined flute. When he 
came to America he took up his residence 
in New York City, where he was engaged 
in the manufacture of tortoise shell 
combs, novelties, etc. Later he removed 
to Brooklyn, New York. He married 
Lydia Talman, born in Fishkill, New 
York, April 15, 1804, died in Brooklyn, 
New York, April 8, 1854. Children: 
Abraham, Edward, Mary, Sarah, James 
Talman, of further mention. 

(III) James Talman Newell, son of 
Daniel and Lydia (Talman) Newell, was 
born in New York City, March 27, 1833, 
and died at Franklin, New Jersey, No- 
vember 24, 1892. He was a contractor 
and builder, his business office being in 
New York, and was accidentally killed 
while superintending the erection of a 
building in New York City. His political 



affiliations were with the Republican 
party, of which he was a staunch supporter. 
He married, in Hempstead, Long Island, 
January 22, 1856, Phebe Millicent Haff, 
born in Brooklyn, New York, June 16, 
1834, died in that town, January 28, 1903, 
daughter of Ebenezer Haff, who was bom 
on Long Island, June 8, 1796, and died at 
Hempstead, Long Island, October 4, 
1876. Children: William Talman, Henry 
Irving, of whom further ; Benjamin Haff, 
James Talman, Jr. 

(IV) Henry Irving Newell, son of 
James Talman and Phoebe Millicent 
(Haff) Newell, was born in Brooklyn, 
New York, September 10, 1863, and was 
educated in the public schools of his 
native town. He left school at the age of 
fourteen years and commenced his busi- 
ness career as an officeboy in a law office, 
and while there utilized every spare 
moment to perfect himself in the study of 
stenography. At the age of seventeen 
years he was already correspondent for a 
number of newspapers, this line of work 
bringing him into contact with prominent 
men of affairs. He then became confiden- 
tial clerk and stenographer in the Pinker- 
ton Detective Agency, New York City, 
remaining there two years, after which 
he was associated with the importing 
house of Mills & Gibb, of New York City, 
an association which continued for a 
period of eight years. His next business 
connection was with James Lee & Com- 
pany, a large exporting house, and sub- 
sequently he became a confidential execu- 
tive for Lewisohn Brothers, and when 
this firm was merged into the United 
States Metals Selling Company, it was 
the largest concern of its kind in the 
world, and he remained with it seventeen 
years. His residence was in Brooklyn 
until 1892, where he and his wife were 
active members of the Hanson Place 
Methodist Episcopal Church. In that 

year he removed to Richmond Hill, 
Borough of Queens, Long Island, New 
York, where he became very active in the 
development of that community. He was 
one of the organizers and promoters of 
the local fire department ; he was a mem- 
ber of the Jamaica school committee, one 
of the most active promoters of the cause 
of education, and a leading spirit in the 
establishment of the present Richmond 
Hill High School building. For many 
years he has been a member of the 
Congregational church at Richmond Hill, 
was one of its deacons, and for a long 
time a member of its board of trustees. 
In the year 1912 he purchased the Henry 
W. Briggs farm in Lanesboro, Massa- 
chusetts, this consisting of one hundred 
and twenty acres, and has been engaged 
in agricultural pursuits since that time. 
He has displayed a commendable interest 
in the town affairs of Lanesboro since 
taking up his residence there, and has be- 
come very popular. He was elected 
selectman of the town in March, 1914, 
and is serving as chairman of the Board 
of Selectmen at the present time. He is a 
Republican in his political adherence. He 
was one of the organizers of the Civic 
Club of Lanesboro, Massachusetts, and 
its vice-president. This club was formed 
for the purpose of introducing many im- 
provements into the town, and it has been 
very successful in its operations. In 
association with others he established the 
Berkshire County Farm Improvement 
League, which was fathered by the Agri- 
cultural Section of the Board of Trade of 
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and Mr. Newell 
is the chairman of that section. He is 
one of the incorporators of the Massa- 
chusetts Farm Land Bank which is to be 
located in Springfield. 

Mr. Newell married, in Brooklyn, New 
York, November 20, 1884, Elizabeth Ran- 
dolph Bates, born in Brooklyn, July 25, 



1866, a daughter of Joseph Delaplaine 
Bates, of further mention. Children: 
Lewis Bates, born November i, 1885; 
Henry Irving, Jr., bom September 7, 
1888; William Talman, bom March 4, 
1892; Albert Lyman, bom on Long 
Island, November 5, 1894, died May 5, 
1900; Joseph Delaplaine, bom on Long 
Island, January 6, 1899 ; Theodore Roose- 
velt, twin of Joseph Delaplaine. 

(The Bates Line). 

The family of Bates, Bate or Batt, as it 
was variously spelled, is ancient in Eng- 
land, and many members of the family in 
that country as well as in America have 
been distinguished. The name is a form 
of Bertelot (Bartlett), derived from the 
old name Bartholomew, when surnames 
came into vogue. The Bates coat-of-arms 
is : A lion's head erased, gules. 

(I) James Bate, of Lydd, Kent county, 
England, was bom December 2, 1582, and 
died in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 
1655. He came to America in 1635, and 
settled at Dorchester, where he was an 
elder of the church. He married Alice 
, who died August 14, 1657. 

(II) Samuel Bate, son of James and 
Alice Bate, was born in England, Decem- 
ber 19, 1624. He married Ann Withing- 
ton, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth 
Withington, of Dorchester, Massachu- 

(III) James (2) Bates, son of Samuel 
and Ann (Withington) Bate, was born 
December 16, 1683, and died prior to 
1745. He married, September 18, 1707, 
Hannah Bull, bom April 30, 1681. 

(IV) John Bates, son of James (2) 
and Hannah (Bull) Bates, was bom .Henry Webster and Elizabeth Randolph 
March 3, 171 7. He was for a time of (Everinghin) Bates, was bom October 
Haddam, Connecticut; then of Durham, 
Connecticut; and finally of Granville, 
Massachusetts. He married Edith Wood, 
of Middleton, Connecticut. Children: 
Hannah, bom July 28, 1742; John, born 

1CA88-V01 4^ 65 

November 20, 1743; Nathaniel, of further 
mention; Jacob, bom November 22, 
1746; David, bom March 4, 1750; Eliza- 
beth, bom April 26, 1752; Edith, bom 
March 17, 1754. 

(V) Nathaniel Bates, son of John and 
Edith (Wood) Bates, was bom March 
17, 1745, and died November 18, 1825. 
He married, September 21, 1769, Hannah 
Church, born October 22, 1749, died No- 
vember 19, 1840. Children: Elijah, of 
further mention; Abigail, born January 
10, 1772; Nathaniel, born June 12, 1774; 
Nathaniel, bom April 7, 1777; Hannah^ 
born June 26, 1780; Charlotte, bom Janu- 
ary 17^ 1782; Charles, bom June 5, 1784; 
Dacy, bom July 26, 1786; Charles, born 
February 6, 1789. 

(VI) Elijah Bates, son of Nathaniel and 
Hannah (Church) Bates, was bom July 
27, 1770, and died February 4, 1850. He 
married, June 15, 1800, Mary Ashley, a 
daughter of Dr. Israel Ashley, and a 
granddaughter of Dr. Israel Ashley, a 
surgeon in the French war. Children: 
William Gelston, born November 17, 
1803, died July 5, 1880; Mary, born May 
29, 1809, died January 3, 1889; Henry 
Webster, of further mention; Margaret, 
born May 25, 1822, died April 14, 1844. 

(VII) Henry Webster Bates, son of 
Elijah and Mary (Ashley) Bates, was 
bom in Westfield, Massachusetts, July 
25, 181 1, and died April 4, 1892. He mar- 
ried, December 14, 1836, Elizabeth Ran- 
dolph Everinghin, and had children: 
Joseph Delaplaine, of further mention; 
and William Gelston. 

(VIII) Joseph Delaplaine Bates, son of 

29, 1839, and died in Brooklyn, New 
York, October 22, 1881. His occupation 
was that of salesman. He married, in 
Brooklyn, New York, October 4, 1865, 
Hannah M. Lewis, bom in Brooklyn, 


September 6, 1836, died in Lanesboro, 
Massachusetts, March 2, 1913, daughter 
of Captain Ezra Lewis, of Chatham, Mas- 
sachusetts, bom July 30, 1792, died in 
Brooklyn, New York, July 4, 1865; he 
located in New York City, where he be- 
came one of the prominent men in the 
shipping business. Of the five children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Bates the first four were 
bom in Brooklyn. Children: Elizabeth 
Randolph, who married Mr. Newell, as 
above mentioned; William Ezra, bom 
July 13, 1868, died August 19, of the same 
year ; Charles Augustus, bom August 25, 
1869, died June 29, 1879; Helena Dela- 
plaine, born August 13, 1872, died June 24, 
1873; Joseph Delaplaine, bom in Cran- 
ford. New Jersey, September 28, 1876; 
married Josephine T. Avery, of Westficld, 
Massachusetts, October i, 1902; their 
children were: Joseph Delaplaine, Jr., 
bom August 7, 1903; Avery, bom No- 
vember II, 1907, and Henry Webster, 
born May 11, 191 1. 

WOOD, William P., 

William P. Wood, who for nine years 
served in the capacity of chairman of the 
Board of County Commissioners for 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, for 
many years a member of the well-known 
firm of Wood Brothers, piano and music 
dealers, in Pittsfield, and at the present 
time (191 5) president of the Pittsfield 
Spark Coil Company, of Pittsfield, was 
born in Nailsworth, Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, June 9, 1853. 

John P. Wood, father of William P. 
Wood, was bom in Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, in 1817, and with the exception of 
four years spent in the city of London, 
resided there until i860, in which year he 
emigrated to the United States and took 
up his residence in Pittsfield, Massachu- 

setts. After completing his studies in the 
schools of his neighborhood, he served an 
apprenticeship at the trade of shoemaker, 
which line of work he followed through- 
out his active years, and after his removal 
to this country he established a shoe store 
and there carried on an extensive line of 
custom work. In July, 1896, when nearly 
four score years of age, he retired from 
active pursuits, after a business life of 
sixty-five consecutive years, and for a 
number of years enjoyed a well-merited 
leisure. He was a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Knights of Pythias, and the Methodist 
Episcopal church. He married Elizabeth 
Hemming, bom in 1823, daughter of John 
Hemming, also of Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land. Children: Joseph H., a member 
of the firm of Wood Brothers; William 
P., of whom further; Richard A., who 
was associated with his brothers, though 
not a member of the firm, died in Pitts- 
field, August 6, 1915, and left one son, 
Joseph W., and one daughter, Mrs. R. 
H. Thomas; Anna, wife of George Burt, 
of Pittsfield; Elizabeth, wife of Jere 
Clark, of New Decatur, Alabama. Mr. 
Wood, the father of these children, died 
in 1908, aged ninety-one years, and his 
wife passed away in 1901, aged seventy- 
eight years. 

William P. Wood was educated in the 
public schools of Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts, which he attended until he was 
thirteen years of age, when he secured 
employment with John Breakey, a shoe 
dealer, and later entered the employ of 
his father, after which he was a regular 
attendant of the evening schools and 
Carter's Business College, and by 
studious application he obtained a thor- 
ough knowledge of bookkeeping, mathe- 
matics and penmanship, essential aids to 
a successful business career. He con- 
tinued in his father's employ until 1873, 



,. ,•: LIBRARY! I 

r. • " 

<^ . ^^-. 

X ••^"^ 



and then became manager of the Berk- 
shire office of the Wheeler & Wilson 
Sewing Machine Company, assuming 
charge of the sales, and by his thorough 
and competent management he succeeded 
in placing the business on a substantial 
basis, the volume of business increasing 
to a large extent, he having several men 
under his control, and covering practical- 
ly all of Western Massachusetts. At the 
expiration of his five years tenure of this 
office, he was transferred to the office of 
the same company at Waltham, where he 
had the general superintendency of all 
their work in the eastern part of the State 
west of Boston. He employed a force of 
twenty-five assistants, and here also his 
business ability proved of great value, a 
large amount of business being trans- 
acted through this office. He tendered 
his resignation in February, 1882, and 
upon his return to Pittsfield, he accepted 
the position of manager for Cluett & Sons, 
of Troy, in which capacity he served for a 
number of months. After severing his 
connection with that concern, he entered 
into partnership with his brother, Joseph 
H., and they purchased a store on West 
street, Pittsfield, devoted to the sale of 
music and musical instruments, and 
under the firm name of Wood Brothers 
they conducted a successful business for 
four years. The volume of business in- 
creased rapidly, and finding their quarters 
inadequate to the demands of their con- 
stantly growing trade, they removed to 
more commodious premises at No. 131 
North street. At first the main floor only 
was required to carry on their business, 
but as new stock was added to meet the 
demands of their numerous purchasers 
more room became necessary, and subse- 
quently they added more space, occupy- 
ing nearly all of the second story of a 
block of three stores, using it for their 
orofan, piano and repairing departments. 

They carried the largest and most com- 
plete stock of goods in their line to be 
found between Boston and Albany, and 
in their various departments, including 
that of delivering goods, they employed 
the services of eleven persons. The firm 
became favorably known throughout 
Berkshire and adjoining counties, and de- 
rived the patronage of residents of most 
of the towns in the western part of the 
State. William P. Wood disposed of his 
interest in this business in 1903. 

Mr. Wood became interested in the 
Pittsfield Spark Coil Company, in 1903, 
of which he was one of the organizers, 
and their factory was located on Eagle 
street until 1908, when they removed to 
Daltoh, Massachusetts, and remained 
there until 191 5, when they returned to 
Pittsfield and located in a large factory 
on Fourth street, their product consist- 
ing of magnetos, firers, coils, distributors, 
master "vibrators, spark plugs, etc., the 
majority of which are made under patents 
issued to Mr. Wood, who is president of 
the company. The goods manufactured 
are of the highest quality and find a ready 
market, being disposed of at a fair price. 
Mr. Wood has recently perfected and had 
patented an ignition system for auto- 
mobiles that, when placed upon the 
market, bids fair to revolutionize the 
automobile industry and to meet all the 
requirements of a system that has been 
experimented upon heretofore with only 
partial success. It is constructed along 
lines that make it almost absolutely per- 
fect in every detail and thoroughly prac- 
tical along all lines. 

For a number of years prior to 1908 
Mr. Wood was a director in the Wilcox 
& White Organ Company, of Meriden, 
Connecticut, builders of the Symphony 
and other self-playing organs and pianos. 
He was also for a number of years a 
director, and later vice-president, of the 



Boston Mutual Life Insurance Company, 
a director of the Sisson Company of Pitts- 
field, the Pittsiield National Bank, and 
was one of the incorporators of the City 
Savings Bank, serving at the present 
time (1915) as a member of its board of 

For a number of years Mr. Wood has 
been active in the ranks of the Republican 
party, has served as a delegate to various 
conventions and as member of the City 
and State Central committees. During 
the second year of the city's existence, he 
was elected an alderman from Ward Six, 
which was a Democratic ward, by a 
majority of two hundred, and out of six 
hundred votes cast he received a majority 
of nine. He served on the fire department 
committee, the committee on claims, the 
finance committee, and police committee. 
In November, 1887, he was elected county 
commissioner for a term of three years, 
reelected in 1891 and 1894, and during 
the time that intervened the commis- 
sioners had many extra duties to attend 
to, including that of ventilating the court 
house, and the settling of the Mill Brook 
claims. Mr. Wood was elected chairman 
of the Board of County Commissioners 
the second year of his term and continued 
in that office for eight consecutive years, 
discharging the duties thereof to the 
entire satisfaction of all concerned. He 
has ever been watchful for the interests 
of the party he espouses, advancing its 
growth and success whenever he can. 

Mr. Wood has been equally active and 
prominent in fraternal circles, in which he 
has attained positions of honor and trust. 
He was made a Mason in Crescent Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, in 1881, and 
is now a past master ; he is a member and 
past high priest of Berkshire Chapter; a 
member of Berkshire Commandery, of 
which he was eminent commander in 
1908 ; a member of the Berkshire Council ; 

a member of Onota Lodge of Perfection ; 
past district deputy grand high priest of 
this district, and past district deputy 
grand master, also a member of the 
Princes of Jerusalem, of which he is the 
head. In 1908 he received the thirty- 
third degree, the highest in the order. 
He is likewise a member and past chan- 
cellor of the Knights of Pythias, a past 
master of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, and a member of the Royal 
Arcanum. Formerly he belonged to the 
Volunteer Fire Department, and he is 
now a member of the Veteran Firemen's 
Association. He also belonged to the 
Colby Guards, in which he ranked as 
third sergeant. He is a member of the 
Park Club. 

Mr. Wood married, December 25, 1873, 
Ida M. Davis, daughter of Edwin Davis, 
of Pittsfield, a farmer and dealer in neats- 
foot oil, glue, etc. Children: i. Grace 
E., married Albert Reeves Norton, a well 
known organist of Brooklyn, New York ; 
children : Ida Laura, William C, Merrill 
and Virginia. 2. Mary Elizabeth, married 
A. M. Brewer, of Amherst, Nova Scotia, 
engaged in the optical, real estate and fur 
farming business ; children : William W., 
George E. and Jean. 3. George Eldridge, 
who is serving as superintendent of his 
father's factory; married Varona Case; 
children : Paul and Marjorie. 4. ' John 
Edwin, part owner of the Sisson Garage 
on West street, Pittsfield; married Ruby 
Parker, of Dalton; children: Edwin, 
Ralph, William, Grace. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wood, the parents of these children, at- 
tend the South Congregational Church. 
Their home is at No. 48 Onota street, 
Pittsfield, where Mr. Wood a few years 
ago erected a residence which is equipped 
with everything necessary for the com- 
fort and convenience of its inmates. 

Such is the brief review of the career 
of one who has achieved not only honor- 



able success and high standing among 
men, but whose entire life has beea irre- 
proachably correct, so that his character 
is without stain. His life record demon- 
strates the fact that success depends not 
upon circumstances or environments, but 
upon the man, and the prosperous citizen 
is he who is able to recognize and improve 
his opportunities. The one who works in 
the present and not in the future is he 
who prospers, and such is the case with 
Mr. Wood, who has steadily advanced on 
the high road to success through his own 
unaided efforts. 

COOK, George Steele, 

Muminmam Man, PnMie OfieiaL 

George Steele Cook, president of the 
Board of Aldermen of the city of Spring- 
field, is a son of William Frederick Cook, 
who was bom, according to the records 
of Warwick, Massachusetts, February 4, 
1847, ^^ that town, the son of Ashel Cook. 
The wife of the latter is not of record. 
William Frederick Cook went to Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, when twenty years 
old, and was employed there for some 
time as a machinist. Thence he removed 
to Spring^eld, Massachusetts, and was 
employed by the Smith & Wesson Com- 
pany, pistol manufacturers, and later at 
the United States Armory. He was a 
skillful mechanic, and held numerous re- 
sponsible positions, with corresponding 
emoluments. He was careful of his 
earnings, and was enabled to engage in 
business on his own account, in 1872, 
when he settled at Mittineague, in West 
Springfield, and engaged in business as 
a dealer in coal and ice. To this he added 
a general line of mason's supplies and 
also did an extensive trucking business, 
under the name of the W. F. Cook Supply 
Company. In 1905 he established a 

branch in Springfield, under the manage- 
ment of his son, George S. Cook. For 
the last fifteen years the Mittineague 
business was conducted under the man- 
agement of another son, Frederick R. 
Cook. Mr. Cook was" considerably inter- 
ested in West Springfield real estate, and 
was an esteemed and prominent citizen 
of that town, where he resided until his 
death, March i, 191 5. He was an active 
member of Hampden Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, of Springfield, and 
was somewhat active in the councils of 
the Republican party. For fifteen years 
he served on the town committee, and 
was water commissioner for five years, 
from 1893 to 1898, being a member of 
the first board established by the town. 
During this time the town took over the 
water works of Goodhue & Bimie. In 
1906 he was nominated for the Legis- 
lature on the Republican ticket, and was 
elected and served by reelection a second 
term, making a very creditable record as 
a member of the lower house. He mar- 
ried Florence B. Steele, daughter of Rev. 
Daniel and Harriet (Binney) Steele. She 
died in 1885, ^^ West Springfield, leaving 
two sons and a daughter: Frederick R., 
born 1878, who continues the business 
established by his father, in Mittineague, 
married Mabel Murphy, of that village; 
George Steele, whose name heads this 
article, and Marion. Mr. Cook married 
(second) Carrie B. Norton, who died in 
May, 1913. 

George Steele Cook was bom March 22, 
1880, in West Springfield, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools there, gradu- 
ating from the high school with the class 
of 1898. His vacations and leisure periods 
were employed in assisting his father in 
the conduct of his business, and after 
leaving school he began his business 
career as clerk in the grocery store of J. 



B. Smith, at Mittineague. After less than 
a year in this position he was employed 
in the wholesale and retail grain and 
masonry supply business of the S. D. 
Viets Company, where he began as a 
clerk, in the fall of 1899, but soon became 
foreman, in which position he continued 
a year and a half, and was subsequently 
for five years manager of the Springfield 
branch of the business, following the 
death of Mr. J. D. Viets, who had former- 
ly filled that position. In 1908 he became 
a stockholder and director in the com- 
pany, and so continued until he withdrew 
in 191 1 to engage in business on his own 
account. Since that time he has con- 
ducted an extensive business in cement 
and plaster and masons' materials of all 
kinds, supplying many of the largest con- 
tractors in Springfield and neighboring 
towns. Mr. Cook is very active in foster- 
ing the various social, commercial and 
moral interests of Springfield, is a mem- 
ber of the Commercial Travelers Club, 
the Springfield Club, and the Calhoun 
Club. He is also a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
of Springfield. In 1900 he was elected a 
member of the common council of Spring- 
field, representing Ward One in that body 
for two years. He has always been 
actively identified with the Republican 
party, and exercises a large influence in 
its councils. In 1912 he was elected a 
member of the Board of Aldermen of 
Springfield, and reelected in 1914 for two 
years, and on the reorganization of that 
body, in 191 5, he was elected president of 
the board. He is also a member of the 
Board of Trade of Springfield. He mar- 
ried, December 5, 1905, Mabel G. Eye, 
daughter of James Eye, of Red Beach, 
Maine, and they are the parents of two 
sons: Rodney, born February 24, 1907; 
Norman, May 11, 191 1. 

BOWMAN* Henry Hubbard, 

The Bowman family, represented in the 
present generation by Henry Hubbard 
Bowman, one of the prominent and suc- 
cessful business men of Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, claims as its ancestor Wil- 
liam Bowman, who was a resident of 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, where he was 
a surveyor of land, and later a sealer of 
leather, serving in that capacity in 1798- 
99. The "History of Amherst" states 
that he surveyed the boundary line be- 
tween Amherst and Shutesbury, October 
25, 1792, and the "History of North 
Brookfield" names him as one of the 
minute-men of that town who enlisted for 
the term of six months, November 14, 
1774. His wife, Susannah (Hinds) Bow- 
man, whom he married. May 23, 1769, 
was born in Brookfield, March 15, 1750, 
died May 31, 1849, daughter of Corlis and 
Janet (McMaster) Hinds, and fourth in 
descent from James Hinds, the immi- 

The line of descent to Henry Hubbard 
Bowman is through William Bowman, 
son of the preceding couple, who was 
born in Brookfield, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 22, 1776, died in Sunderland, Au- 
gust 5, 1866, having lived far beyond the 
allotted time of three score years and ten. 
He was a tiller of the soil, from which 
occupation he derived a comfortable live- 
lihood, and he conducted his operations 
in various places, namely: Amherst, 
Hadley, Deerfield, Shutesbury and Sun- 
derland, removing to the last named 
town in the year 1825. He married, Au- 
gust 16, 1804, Tirzah, daughter of Caleb 
Hubbard, who bore him the following 
named children: Tryphena, Montague, 
Mary, Caleb Hubbard, Julia, Creusa 
Marsh, Clarissa, Betsey Vannevar, Tirzah 



Almira, William Francis. The mother of 
these children died July 13, i860. 

Caleb Hubbard Bowman, father of 
Henry Hubbard Bowman, was born in 
Sunderland, Massachusetts, March 30, 
1809, and died in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, June 3, 1873. He served an ap- 
prenticeship at the mason's trade, which 
line of work he followed in North Sunder- 
land, where he resided until 1859, when he 
removed to Springfield, and there fol- 
lowed his trade, continuing a resident of 
that city until his death. He believed in 
the doctrines of the Baptist church, 
changing his religious faith from that of 
his parents, who were members of the 
Congregational church, but followed in 
the footsteps of his father in politics, be- 
ing a staunch adherent of Republican 
principles. He married, September 6, 
1843, Persis Maria Field, born August 25, 
1818, in Deerfield, third daughter of 
Elisha and Persis Dona (Hubbard) Field, 
and the sixteenth in descent from Roger 
Del Feld, of Sowerby, England. Elisha 
Field was a native of Leverett, Massa- 
chusetts, bom February 19, 1781, died in 
Deerfield, August 25, 1865. He removed 
from Leverett to Sunderland in 1806, and 
ten years later took up his residence in 
Deerfield, where he spent the remainder 
of his days. His wife, Persis Dona (Hub- 
bard) Field, whom he married, November 
18, 1806, was born July i, 1784, died Feb- 
ruary 4, 1857; she was the daughter of 
Caleb and Tryphena (Montague) Hub- 
bard, of Sunderland. Children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Field: Alden Cooley, Elijah Strat- 
ton, Lucretia Ashley, Calista Hubbard, 
Jonathan Spencer, Persis Maria, Try- 
phena Montague, Mary Jane, Elisha 
Hubbard and Martha Marilla. Children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Bowman, all born in 
Sunderland: i. Eveline Maria, born De- 
cember 16, 1844; married, January i, 
1867, Rufus D. Sanderson, formerly of 

Whately, now deceased; resides in 
Springfield. 2. Ellen Augusta, born May 
18, 1847, died May 18, 1859. 3- Henry 
Hubbard, of further mention. 4. Jane 
Elizabeth, bom February 2, 1854, in 

Henry Hubbard Bowman was bom in 
Sunderland, Franklin county, Massachu- 
setts, June I, 1849. The public schools 
of his native town and those of the city 
of Springfield afforded him the means of 
obtaining a practical education, his gradu- 
ation taking place from the high school of 
Springfield in the class of 1867. His first 
employment was as office boy for Howes 
Norris, agent for the Remington Arms 
Company, and his next employer was 
General Horace C. Lee, agent for the 
Lamb Knitting Machine Company, both 
of whom he served faithfully and well. 
On April i, 1867, he secured a position in 
the Springfield Institution for Savings, 
with which he was connected until 1879, 
a period of twelve years, during which 
time he advanced to the position of assist- 
ant treasurer. In the last mentioned year 
he was appointed cashier of the City Na- 
tional Bank, of which he was one of the 
organizers, and served in that capacity 
until 1893, when he organized the Spring- 
field National Bank and became its first 
president, being well qualified both by 
experience in monied institutions and by 
being the possessor of executive ability of 
a high degree. In addition to the above 
he organized and has since served as 
president and director of the United 
States Spring Bed Company; assisted in 
organizing the Holyoke Card and Paper 
Company, and has since been its treas- 
urer and one of its directors ; was one of 
the organizers of the Confectioners' Ma- 
chinery & Manufacturing Company, now 
known as the National Equipment Com- 
pany, of which he has since been treas- 
urer and a director; assisted in organiz- 



ing the Consolidated Wrapping Machine 
Company, of which he was for some time 
treasurer and director; organizer of the 
Automatic Weighing Machine Company 
of New York, of which he was a director ; 
one of the organizers of the United But- 
ton Company of New York, of which he 
is a director ; he was one of the organizers 
of the Springfield Realty Trust, of which 
he was treasurer and a trustee; director 
of the Potter Knitting Company, but has 
now sold out his interest; director and 
treasurer of the J. Stevens' Arms & Tool 
Company of Chicopee Falls. 

Mr. Bowman is also actively interested 
in lines outside of business pursuits, in 
which he is called upon to act in respon- 
sible offices, his advice and counsel being 
of the greatest value. He is a member of 
the Board of Trade, and from 1904 to 
1908 was its president ; is treasurer, direc- 
tor and trustee of the International 
young Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege ; treasurer of the City Library Asso- 
ciation; and was a trustee of the Hitch- 
cock Free Academy of Brimiield, of which 
he was also treasurer for a period of 
seventeen years, and chairman of the 
finance committee ; was a trustee of Wes- 
son Memorial Hospital ; was a member of 
the River Front Advisory Commission; 
and an honorary meniber of the Naval 
Brigade. His activity also extends to the 
political field, and he was chosen as a 
member of the Common Council, in which 
he served two years, 1887-88, being presi- 
dent of that body in the last mentioned 
year; was a member of the Board of 
Aldermen for three years, presiding over 
that body during the last year of his 
term of service. Mr. Bowman is also 
prominent in fraternal circles, affiliating 
with many organizations in which he is 
honored and esteemed, namely: George 
Washington Chapter, Sons of the Amer- 

ican Revolution ; Connecticut Valley His- 
torical Society; Springfield Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons; Morning Star 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; Springfield 
Council, Royal and Select Masters ; Royal 
Arcanum ; and is a member of the follow- 
ing clubs : Winthrop, Nayasset, Country, 
Economic, Anglers, of which he was also 
a director; South Branch Fishing; 
Canadian Camp, of New York City; 
Engineers, of New York City ; and "The 
Club," of Springfield, a literary organiza- 
tion. He holds membership in the First 
Highland Baptist Church, and has been 
chairman of its board of directors. Mr. 
Bowman has traveled extensively not 
only throughout his own country, visiting 
all the places of interest, but also over a 
large portion of Canada and Mexico, and 
in 1878, in company with Ralph W. Ellis, 
visited the Old World, and toured nearly 
every country, both continental and 

Mr. Bowman married (first) November 
18, 1874, Gertrude Mary Ellis, bom in 
South Hadley Falls, April 16, 1851, died 
November 25, 1893. Children: i. Madel- 
ine, born December 28, 1876; married. 
May 15, 1899, Alexander Amerton Mor- 
ton, of Wakefield, Massachusetts; chil- 
dren : Amerton Bowman, born September 
18, 1900; Frederic Wilbur, bom Decem- 
ber 28, 1902. 2. Harry Ellis, born Octo- 
ber 20, 1882, died December 22, 1882. 3. 
Tula Ellis, bom October 30, 1883; mar- 
ried, January 8, 1907, George Shaw Sabin, 
of Portland, Maine; child: Henry Bow- 
man, born January 28, 1908. Mr. Bow- 
man married (second) January 23, 1895, 
Lida (Graves) De Golyer, widow of 
Joseph De Golyer, of Troy, New York. 
She died October 18, 1899. Mr. Bowman 
married (third) February 6, 1902, Mary 
(Graves) Eddy, widow of Lawrence B. 
Eddy, and a sister of his second wife. 



LBAVITT, William Whipple, 

OiTil War VateraB, FbyaieiaB* 

The dean of the medical profession in 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, Dr. 
William W. Leavitt, has been continuous- 
ly engaged in practice for a period of 
fifty-five years and, still active in mind 
and body, continues in the same work of 
humanity at the present time. His father 
was a physician in active practice forty 
years in the county, and the family has 
been identified with all that makes for 
progress in New England nearly three 

The immigrant ancestor was John 
Leavitt, a tailor, born 1608 in England, 
who settled in Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
as early as 1634. Soon removing to 
Hingham, same colony, he was admitted 
a freeman, March 3, 1636, was granted a 
house lot in the same year and was fre- 
quently in the public service. From 1656 
to 1664 he was deputy to the General 
Court, was selectman seven years and 
deacon of the church. He died November 
20, 1691. The name of his first wife is 
unknown. He married (second) Decem- 
ber 16, 1646, Sarah (surname not pre- 
served), who survived him and died May 
26, 1700. 

The second son of the second marriage, 
Moses Leavitt, was born August 12, 1650, 
in Hingham, and settled at Exeter, New 
Hampshire, where he was a prominent 
citizen, moderator seven years, selectman 
four years, and representative in the 
General Court four years. He married, 
October 26, 1681, Dorothy Dudley, 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Dudley and 
granddaughter of Governor Thomas Dud- 

Joseph Leavitt, fourth son of Moses 
and Dorothy (Dudley) Leavitt, resided 
in Exeter and Deerfield, New Hampshire. 

He married Mary Wadleigh and died in 

His eldest child was Nathaniel Leavitt, 

bom December 27, 1727, and resided for 
the greater part of his life in Exeter, 
where most of his children were born. 
He died in February, 1824, in his ninety- 
seventh year. He married Lydia San- 
bom, bom February 26, 1737, daughter of 
Jeremiah and Lydia (Dearborn) San- 
bom, died in November, 1827, in her 
ninety-first year. 

Their fifth son, Dudley Leavitt, was 
born March 25, 1767, in Exeter, resided 
some time in Deerfield, and removed to 
Grantham, New Hampshire, where he 
died December 29, 1839. He married, 
June 26, 1791, Hannah Prescott, born 
June 25, 1775, daughter of Josiah and 
Betsey (Smith) Prescott, of Deerfield, 
and they were the parents of thirteen 

The third son, Dr. Dudley Leavitt, was 
born February 18, 1798, in Grantham, and 
died in October, 1868, in West Stock- 
bridge, Massachusetts, where he engaged 
in the practice of medicine throughout his 
active life. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College and located in West Stock- 
bridge in 1829, and became one of the 
best known physicians of Western Mas- 
sachusetts, esteemed for his ability and 
high character. He married, May 22, 
1834, Lydia Whipple, of Croydon, New 
Hampshire, born February 24, 1809, of 
one of the oldest families of that region, 
died in 1868. She was a member of the 
Congregational church. 

Dr. William Whipple Leavitt, son of 
Dr. Dudley and Lydia (Whipple ) Leavitt, 
was born September i, 1837, ^^ West 
Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and was the 
only child of his parents to grow to 
maturity. His early years were passed in 
his native town, where he received in- 
struction in the public schools and acad- 



emy. He was later a student at Lenox 
and Spencertown academies and Williams 
College, where he completed the sopho- 
more year. For a time he studied medi- 
cine at Albany Medical College, and 
graduated from the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, New York City, March i, 
i860. A year of hospital practice on 
Blackwell's Island gave him practical ex- 
perience, and he received a commission as 
assistant surgeon in the United States 
navy, June i, i86i. This was obtained 
after a most thorough examination in 
both theory and practice, consuming four 
days, and he was highly commended by 
the naval surgeons for his practical 
knowledge of both medicine and surgery. 
He was first assigned to the sloop-of-war, 
^'Cumberland," on which he participated 
in the capture of Hatteras Inlet, and was 
later on this vessel engaged in watching 
for the "Merrimac" at Newport News. 
December 23, 1861, he was ordered to 
New York on the gunboat, "Owasco," 
which sailed February 5, 1862, for New 
Orleans. Dr. Leavitt was in all the 
engagements in that vicinity and at the 
capture of New Orleans, as well as in the 
first engagement under Farragut at 
Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was at the 
capture of Galveston, Texas, January i, 
1863, and in the engagement when that 
point was retaken by the Confederates. 
Out of one hundred men on the "Owasco" 
at the capture of Galveston, only thirty- 
three were fit for duty when the engage- 
ment was over. By reason of age. Dr. 
Dudley Leavitt became unable to care 
for his practice, and now urged his son to 
return home and assist him. The latter 
tendered his resignation, July 23, 1863, 
and this was accepted and he was honor- 
ably discharged in October following. In 
the meantime he had participated in the 
capture of Mobile, Alabama. On his 
return to West Stockbridge, he at once 

entered actively into practice, taking care 
of most of the work of his aged father, 
who soon passed away. Dr. William W. 
Leavitt continued there in practice until 
1873, when he went abroad and spent 
thirteen months in study and observation 
in the hospitals of London and Paris. 
Resuming his practice at West Stock- 
bridge, he continued until 1884, when he 
removed to Pittsfield. Here a larger 
field for the exercise of his talents was 
offered, and here he has continued in 
active practice since. His long experi- 
ence and his special studies abroad espe- 
cially fitted him to handle the most 
crttjcal cases, and he has long enjoyed the 
confklence and esteem of the public of 
Western Massachusetts. He is appre- 
ciate^ and admired, not only as the good 
physician but as a citizen of progressive 
ideas, of high ideals and unbounded inter- 
est in the promotion of human welfare. 
He is the sole survivor among the phy- 
sicians in practice at Pittsfield when he 
came there, and has long been actively 
associated with the Berkshire Medical 

He married (first) December 5, 1861, 
Emma Jane Sanford, of Great Harrington, 
Massachusetts, born March 20, 1839, ^tt 
Green River, New York, daughter of 
John Farnham and Louisa Derby (Wil- 
liams) Sanborn, died November 6, 1884. 
The only child of this marriage, Dudley 
Leavitt, was bom July 16, 1864, gradu- 
ated at Yale College and spent two years 
in pursuit of medical experience in 
French hospitals. The last years of his 
practice were spent at Stockbridge, where 
he died in 1914; he married Laura Smith, 
daughter of Dr. A. M. Smith, of Pitts- 
field, and they had two children, Dudley 
and Dorothy. The latter has led her 
classes at Great Barrington for two years, 
and is a young lady of much promise. 
Dr. Leavitt married (second) Frances 



.Ar - 

i f" *< \^' I , 

-.o': ' t 



Freedley; she died in 1890. Dr. Leavitt 
married (third) Ida May Benjamin. 

Dr. Leavitt is a member of the great 
Masonic brotherhood, affiliating with 
Wisdom Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Stockbridge ; Berkshire Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons ; Berkshire Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, both of Pitts- 
field ; and Aleppo Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of 
Boston. He has held all the principal 
chairs in the Blue Lodge, and is widely 
known and respected in the fraternity. 
While not particularly interested in 
politics, he takes the part of a good citizen 
in public affairs, and sustains every effort 
for the promotion of political and moral 
progress. While in Stockbridge he served 
the town several years as selectman. 


Among the representative men of Mas- 
sachusetts, who stand as great milestones 
on the pathway of life, directing the 
young along the highway of sobriety and 
success, none stand out more prominently 
than Henry Sedgwick who, for more than 
half a century, has been a leader in the 
financial, social and business affairs of 
Lenox, and to-day, although he has 
passed his eighty-fifth milestone on the 
journey of life, is still as active and inter- 
ested in all affairs as in the past. There 
are certain names so woven into the very 
texture of Massachusetts history that 
they have come in a manner to be syno- 
nymous with the State itself. The mem- 
bers of these families have entered as 
actors into the most signal and determin- 
ing events that have revolutionized the 
condition, developed the resources and 
shaped the career of the communities in 
which they have resided, and have 
originated and carried into execution 

enterprises of such value, that they have 
become identified in the public mind with 
the civil, social, industrial and intellec- 
tual life of the State. In this connection 
it is essential that we give more than 
a passing mention to the name of Sedg- 
wick, so ably represented in the present 
generation by Henry Sedgwick, of Lenox, 
Massachusetts. His family has long been 
represented in America, his emigrant 
ancestor having come to this country 
from England, and was a representative 
of an old Saxon family. 

(I) Asher Sedgwick, grandfather of 
Henry Sedgwick, was a resident of West 
Hebron, Connecticut, from which town 
and State he came to Massachusetts. He 
first located in Washington, to which 
town he came as a pioneer. There he 
lived the primitive life of the men of those 
days, working from early morn until late 
at night to subdue the forest and reclaim 
the wild land. Here he felled the trees 
and overcame the many obstacles neces- 
sary to allow him to build a house in the 
clearing he had made in that then almost 
inpenetrable forest. It requires no stretch 
of the imagination to understand the for- 
titude exhibited by the men of that day 
as in many instances with axe in hand 
and a few absolute necessities of life lead- 
ing a horse upon which perhaps was 
seated the bride of only a few days they 
went forth, often many miles into an 
unbroken forest, their only guide being 
blazed trees, facing all the hardships in- 
imicable with life under such rude sur- 
roundings. But he conquered the ob- 
stacles that lay in his pathway and in time 
he had a small farm. This he later dis- 
posed of and next we find him comfort- 
ably located in Lenox and here he fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits. Inured by 
hardship to think and plan what more 
natural than that he be sought for by 
his townsmen who knew that he pos- 



sessed the requirements necessary to 
assist in directing the affairs of these new 
towns, and so we find him a broad- 
minded, liberal and observant man who 
can well be trusted with any responsi- 
bility his townspeople may see fit to place 
in his hands, and thus we find him fill- 
ing many offices of trust and responsi- 
bility. He served as a member of the 
board of assessors and the board of 
selectmen of Lenox, and was a represen- 
tative to the General Court. But it was 
not alone in civil affairs we find him inter- 
ested. When the dark clouds of war 
hung heavy in the sky and the War of 
1812 became imminent, we find him dis- 
playing the same courage as when he 
went forth to conquer and subdue the 
forces of nature many years before. He 
does not hesitate. He knows it is the 
duty of every man who loves his country 
to help protect her interest at a time like 
this, and he goes forth as courageously to 
battle, to do and die, if need be, as when 
he went forth into that unbroken forest 
to makes the forces of nature subservient 
to his iron will. He does his duty and 
lives to see the sky cleared of that ominous 
cloud, and in the town where he has done 
his best life work, where he has served 
not only those interests but also those of 
country and state, and in the fullness of 
years he lays down the burden which he 
has so manfully carried and passes on to 
his just reward. 

(II) Thomas Sedgwick, son of Asher 
Sedgwick, was born in Berkshire county, 
Massachusetts. He was educated in the 
common schools, and was one of the early 
students at the Lenox Academy, where 
he made excellent use of his opportu- 
nities. Upon the completion of his studies 
he became a merchant and manufacturer, 
and was also engaged to a considerable 
extent in agriculture. For a time he was 
actively connected with a paper mill at 

Pleasant Valley in the town of Lee, and 
was also president of the Lee Bank. Like 
his father he was prominent in the public 
affairs of the town, and served as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Assessors of Lenox. 
His political support was given to the 
Whig party until its dissolution, when he 
joined the ranks of the Republicans. He 
married Luna Cook. He died in 1882 at 
the age of seventy-eight years. 

(Ill) Henry Sedgwick, who for the 
past fifty years has been actively identi- 
fied with the banking and business in- 
terests of Lenox, was born in that town. 
May 4, 1830, son of Thomas and Luna 
(Cook) Sedgwick. The common schools 
of his district furnished him with a sound, 
elementary education, and this was sup- 
plemented by a complete course at the 
Lenox and Lee academies, from which he 
was graduated. In the meantime he had 
had practical training in all the details of 
agricultural work, and was for a number 
of years exclusively engaged in following 
these pursuits. At an early age it became 
apparent to him that farming was not his 
vocation, and shortly afterward he be- 
came identified with the financial in- 
terests of the town, and when it was de- 
cided to have a national bank he was 
unanimously chosen as its president. 
How wisely that choice was made can 
better be understood and appreciated 
when we consider that throughout all 
the succeeding years, now more than 
three decades, that he has occupied the 
same position, and during which time, 
owing to various periods of depression in 
the money market, many older and 
stronger institutions have gone down 
with a sudden crash, this bank has gone 
steadily on bidding defiance to the storms 
that raged in every crisis and has grown 
stronger with each succeeding year of 
life, constantly enlarging its scope and 
strengthening its credit until to-day no 



bank in any town the size of Lenox en- been well filled and it is due to men like 

joys a larger credit or a better reputation 
for its solid financial methods than the 
First National Bank of Lenox. In all 
these years Mr. Sedgwick has ever been 
at the helm to guide it past all shoals or 
rocks of poor investments or worthless 
notes which by an error of judgment 
might wreck its course. Few men to-day 
in the commonwealth can look back to a 
more successful career in the banking 
world and it is small wonder that he is 
consulted and his advice readily taken 
upon any and every matter pertaining to 
financial affairs. He was also president 
of the Savings Bank of Lenox for nearly 
a quarter of a century, but resigned from 
this, but is still a member of the invest- 
ment committee of that institution. He 
has been associated with this bank since 
1889, and is one of the few now living of 
the original incorporators of either of the 
two banks mentioned. His administra- 
tion of affairs has been greatly to the ad- 
vantage of the institutions and their 
patrons. His public service has been 
rendered as town assessor, in which ofHce 
he served five years, and as superinten- 
dent, clerk and treasurer of the Lenox 
Cemetery Commissioners, holding the 
two latter ofRces for thirty years. At the 
age of twenty he joined the Congrega- 
tional church, with which he has been 
affiliated ever since. For thirty years he 
has served as superintendent of the Sun- 
day school, and for the same period he 
has been clerk of the church. His ad- 
dresses on various occasions have been 
eloquent and impressive in a remarkable 
degree. Thus it can readily be seen that 
for over thirty years Mr. Sedgwick has 
stood at the head of the financial affairs, 
town affairs and church affairs. Well 
may he be called a leader. The choice of 
the people in all the positions in which he 
has been placed has been justified. No 
matter what position he has filled it has 

him, although they are few, that the 
town of Lenox, Massachusetts, is known 
throughout the United States. 

Mr. Sedgwick married, November 7, 
1859, Mary C. Judd, born in Lenox, a 
daughter of the late James Judd, of that 
town. She was a woman greatly beloved 
by all. Her death occurred in her native 
town. May 7, 191 1. Their children were: 
The Rev. Arthur H. Sedgwick, graduate 
of Amherst College, who was in chargie 
of a Congregational church at Belle Plain, 
Iowa, but is now in Vienna, Virginia; 
Rev. Edward C. Sedgwick, who was for 
a time pastor of the Congregational 
church at Curtisville, Massachusetts, and 
is now engaged in the milk and creamery 
business at Lenox; Carrie C, at home; 
Manton R., graduate of Amherst College, 
married Florence May Gallon, of Am- 
herst, Massachusetts, and has children: 
Madeline, Elizabeth, and Brewster; T. 
Llewellyn, who is at the farm at Lenox- 
dale with Edward C Mr. and Mrs* Sedg- 
wick observed their golden wedding. May 
7, 1909. He is now one of the oldest resi- 
dents in Lenox. His farm and one other 
are the only ones now left that have not 
been cut into by the inroads of summer 

HUMPHREY, Edwin L., 

Retired Bnsimem 

Edwin L. Humphrey, of Pittsfield, Berk- 
shire county, Massachusetts, who is now 
living retired from business cares and re- 
sponsibilities, is a man of excellent busi- 
ness ability, who recognized his opportu- 
nities, and not only utilized them for his 
own advantage but for the benefit of the 
community in which he lives. 

The Humphrey family is a very ancient 
one. The name, with its orthographic 
variations of Humphreys, Humphries, 
Umphrys, Umphry, etc., appears in the 



New England colonies as early as 1634. 
From that time until the present the de- 
scendants of the immigrant of this date, 
and of other later comers, have contrib- 
uted to the development of the country 
and its people. Works of biography tell 
of many eminent men in Britain, one of 
them, a Duke of Gloucester, bearing this 
cognomen; and the origin of the name 
has been traced by some writers to the 
invasion of Britain by William the Con- 
queror, in whose retinue were persons 
bearing the name or one like it. Sir 
Robert de Humfreyville was one of the 
followers of William the Conqueror. 
Humphrey, Lord of Bohun, had descend- 
ants who became earls of Hereford. The 
family had many members who went 
with the Crusaders to the Holy Land, 
and many have distinguished themselves 
in other ways. The name is found in 
several counties, in the Domesday Book, 
and has long been common in all parts of 
England. John Humphrey, was deputy- 
governor of the Massachusetts Company, 
and returned to England in 1632, but left 
sons behind him. 

Isaac Humphrey was bom in New 
York, in 181 1, and died at Pittsfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1857. In early manhood he 
took up his residence in Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and there, while cultivating his 
farm, also engaged in the business of lime 
burning. He married Mary Luce, daugh- 
ter of Constance Luce, who died in Sep- 
tember, 1890, and of their five children 
but one, the subject, is living at the 
present time. 

Edwin L. Humphrey, son of Isaac and 
Mary (Luce) Humphrey, was born in 
Stephentown, New York, July 31, 1835. 
He was but five years of age when he re- 
moved with his parents to Pittsfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, and practically his entire life 
has been spent in that city. 

He was educated in the public schools 


of Pittsfield, and as his strength per- 

mitted, became the assistant of his father, 
both in the cultivation of the farm and 
the lime burning industry. At the death 
of his father in 1857, Mr. Humphrey was 
well qualified to assume the responsible 
duties devolving upon him, and continued 
the lime burning industry with a great 
amount of success until 1875. In farming 
he was equally successful. In 1875 ^^ 
engaged extensively in granite quarrying, 
and continued this in a very satisfactory 
manner until his retirement recently. His 
political affiliation is with the Republican 
party, and he is a member of the South 
Congregational Church of Pittsfield. He 
has never desired to hold public office, 
nor is he a member of any fraternal or- 

Mr. Humphrey married, October 14, 
1858, Asenath Noble, of Hartford, Con- 
necticut, bom there, September 18, 1837, 
daughter of James and Asenath Smith 
(Martin) Noble, who were the parents of 
two children: James Martin, a resident 
of East Hartford, and Asenath, mentioned 
above. James Noble was a merchant 
tailor of Hartford, the first to keep ready 
made clothing for captains on the boats 
running to and from New York, and later 
a traveling salesman for Storrs Brothers ; 
he died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in 
the home of his daughter, Mrs. Hum- 
phrey, while on a visit there; his wife, 
born in Washington, Massachusetts, died 
in the year 1837, when her daughter, 
Asenath, was an infant. Children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Humphrey: i. Charles E., a 
resident of New York City, where he is 
engaged in the auto garage business; 
married Katherine Gallagher. 2. Ida, 
who became the wife of Clinton Woods, 
and they have one child, Florence, who 
became the wife of Robert Horidge, and 
they have two children : Edith and Clin- 
ton. 3. Edwin L., Jr., an assistant with 
his brother in New York ; married Annie 
McLoughlin, now deceased, and they were 



the parents of one child, Helen, who be- 
came the wife of Edward Lyman, and 
they have one child, Virginia. 4. Susan, 
deceased; she was the wife of Joseph 
Colton, and they had one child, Robert H. 
5. Albert N., a resident of Pittsfield, mu- 

PIXLEY, Elbridge Simpson, 

The medical fraternity of Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, has many representatives, 
yet none who are more devoted to their 
profession or are more earnest in the dis- 
charge of professional duties than Dr. 
Elbridge S. Pixley. He is a man of pro- 
found learning in his profession, whose 
reputation has been won through earnest, 
conscientious work, and his standing 
among his professional brethren is a mer- 
ited tribute to his ability. As a man and 
as a citizen he has displayed a personal 
worth and an excellence of character that 
not only commands the respect of those 
with whom he associates, but has won for 
him the warmest personal admiration and 
the staunchest friendships. With a mind 
and heart deeply concerned with the 
affairs of life, the interests of humanity 
in general, and those problems bearing 
upon the welfare of the race, yet he never- 
theless has found time for the champion- 
ship of many prc^essive public measures, 
has recognized the opportunities for re- 
form, advancement and improvement, and 
labored effectively and earnestly for the 
general good. He enjoys the distinction 
of being the only eclectic physician in 
Berkshire county. 

Dr. Elbridge S. Pixley was born at 
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, May 
27, 1832, a son of Luther and Ruth (Os- 
born) Pixley, grandson of Hall Pixley, 
Jr., and great-grandson of Hall Pixley, 
Sr., the two latter named having been 
farmers for many years in Great Barring- 

ton. Hall Pixley, Sr., in addition to his 
agricultural pursuits, was a tavern keeper 
when General Burgoyne passed through 
the place, and he had the honor of enter- 
taining him and his suite ; for his services 
as tavern keeper he received a large sum 
of Continental money, which he was 
obliged to take from his patrons, fearing 
to ask for gold as that would indicate 
sympathy with the British. He died at 
the extreme age of ninety-seven years, 
six months. His son. Hall Pixley, Jr.,. 
died at the advanced age of ninety-two 

Luther Pixley (father) was bom at 
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, March 
4, 1805, died March 4, 1873. After com- 
pleting his studies, he went to Delhi, New 
York, for the purpose of learning the 
trade of wagon maker, which he did 
under the competent instruction of his 
uncle, John Pixley. On attaining his ma- 
jority, he returned to Great Barrington, 
where he followed his trade in connection 
with farming until his decease. He was 
a staunch adherent of the policies of the 
Democratic party until the year 1856 
when he transferred his allegiance to the 
Republican party and thenceforth cast 
his vote for the candidates nominated by 
them. He was one of the foremost mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
in which he was class leader and steward. 
He married Ruth Osborn, born in Goshen, 
Connecticut, daughter of John Osborn, a 
pioneer of Goshen, and a farmer by oc- 
cupation, and his wife, Maria (Hum- 
phrey) Osborn, a representative of the 
old and highly honored Humphrey family, 
still represented in Goshen. Mr. and Mrs. 
Osborn were the parents of three sons and 
five daughters, among whom were Ruth, 
above mentioned, and Judge Noah Os- 
born, of McGrawville, New York. Mrs. 
Pixley was a member of the Presbyterian 
church. Her death occurred just a month 
to the day after that of her husband, April 



4* iS73f aged sixty-seven years. Of their six an enviable reputation for his skillful and 

children, four attained years of maturity, 
namely: Noah, born August 12, 1830, 
resided in Wamego, Waubansee county, 
Kansas, and died there; Dr. Elbridge 
Simpson, of whom further; Mary, mar- 
ried Edward A. Pixley, now deceased, 
she lives in Great Barrington ; Sarah L., 
now deceased. 

Dr. Elbridge S. Pixley in his youth at- 
tended the Great Barrington Academy, 
then a noted institution of learning. His 
first occupation was along the line of 
cabinet making, being engaged in the 
manufacture of chairs and other furniture 
in New Boston, Sandisfield, later in Hou- 
satonic, and in company with his brother, 
Noah, he removed to Lincoln county. 
North Carolina, and was there success- 
fully engaged as a furniture manufacturer 
and dealer until August 6, i860, when, on 
account of ill health and the impending 
Civil War, he returned north, and his 
brother, not being allowed at a later date 
to leave the southland, remained through- 
out the entire period of the war. He was 
forced to serve on the home guard, and 
in order to keep out of the rebel army 
was compelled to pay one thousand dol- 
lars a year in gold, and in addition to this 
the Stoneman raid in North Carolina de- 
stroyed nearly six thousand dollars worth 
of his property. After the war Noah Pix- 
ley removed to Kansas. On returning to 
Great Barrington, Elbridge S. Pixley en- 
gaged in business in the southern part of 
Berkshire county, and so continued until 
he began the study of medicine. In 1877 
he was graduated from the Eclectic Medi- 
cal College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
and immediately settled at Detroit, Michi- 
gan, where he practiced until May, 1882, 
when he took up his residence in Pitts- 
field, and since then, a period of more 
than thirty-three years, has been engaged 
in active practice in that city, his patron- 
age increasing steadily, and he has won 

successful treatment of tiunors and can- 
cers, also chronic diseases, of which he 
has made a special study. He compounds 
all his own medicine. He keeps abreast 
of the advanced thought and ideas in his 
special line of cancer and tumor and all 
chronic diseases. 

Dr. Pixley married, September 5, i860, 
Henrietta E. Peet, of Sandisfield, Berk- 
shire county, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Henry A. Peet, who removed to Sandis- 
field from Winsted, Connecticut, when 
his daughter, Mrs. Pixley, was two years 
of age. Two children have been bom to 
Dr. and Mrs. Pixley, namely: Hattie, 
died at the age of seventeen years, and 
Annie L., who became the wife of Adolph 
Feiner, of Pittsfield, a merchant tailor of 
that city. Mrs. Pixley died April 4, 1912. 
Dr. Pixley is a member of the First 
Baptist Church of Pittsfield. Dr. Pixley 
is the possessor of one of the most exten- 
sive and finest collections of beautiful 
books in Berkshire county, embracing the 
choicest works of all the best known 

MELLEN, Daniel W., 

It has been well said that the architec- 
tural beauty of the city of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, commands the unqualified 
admiration of every visitor to that city. 
The solid masses of brick and mortar that 
greet the eye on either side of the com- 
mercial thoroughfare; the structures of 
granite and marble, and the many homes 
of bankers, professional men and mer- 
chants, all combine to arrest the attention 
of those who behold them. To the men 
from whose genius much of this beauty 
has emanated, gfreat praise is due, and 
prominent among this class of men in 
Springfield is Daniel W. Mellen, the well- 
known contractor and builder. Mr. Mel- 



H * *• 

' » f 

. > 






len has, in a rather remarkable degree, 
several qualifications which are indispen- 
sable to success in any business of impor- 
tance. He is capable of long application 
and concentration. He is a gentleman of 
fine judgment, and in a continual fight 
with difficulties, for the conduct of a large 
business is not without its mishaps, he 
maintains more equanimity and command 
of temper than most people do under the 
petty harasses of private life. 

James Mellen, father of Daniel W. Mel- 
len, was bom in Prescott, Hampshire 
county, Massachusetts, and the supposi- 
tion is that his death occurred returning 
from a trip to the Pacific coast via the 
Panama Isthmus. He was a mason and 
stone cutter by trade, and was employed 
in this capacity by various builders in his 
native town during the early part of his 
business career. He removed to Enfield, 
Massachusetts, and from that town to 
Weston, Connecticut, where he resided 
about three years and then removed to 
Redding, in the same state, where in 1848, 
he engaged in business on his own ac- 
count, meeting with well merited success. 
In 1852 he started on his journey to the 
Pacific coast, from which he never re- 

His wife, Elizabeth (Tillson) Mellen, 
who was born in Prescott, removed 
to Redding, and then to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, in 1876, and her death 
occurred in that city in 1886. Children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Mellen: Caroline; 
Zabrina I., deceased; Jane, who married 
Peter Keeler, of Easton, Connecticut, 
both dead, she died in Redding, Connecti- 
cut, 1869; James C, a resident of West 
Springfield; Daniel W., of further men- 

Daniel W. Mellen was bom in Redding, 
Connecticut, April 15, 185 1. He was a 
pupil in the district schools of Greenfield, 
completing his studies in the year 1867. 
He then commenced an apprenticeship 

1IA8S-V«I IV-4 


with his brother, Zabrina I. Mellen, to 
learn the mason's trade, at Redding, and 
remained there two years, after which he 
went to Bridgeport, Connecticut, where 
he followed his trade until 1871. In that 
year he removed to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and there was in the employ re- 
spectively of Rice & Baker, D. J. Curtis 
and B. F. Farrar, until 1874, when he 
associated himself in a partnership with 
Mr. Davis, under the firm name of Mellen 
& Davis. This connection continued until 
the retirement of Mr. Davis at the ex- 
piration of three years. After conducting 
this business alone for about one year, 
Mr. Mellen admitted his elder brother as 
a partner, doing business under the style 
of Mellen Brothers until 1887, when the 
firm name was changed to Kelly & Mel- 
len, and continued thus until 1891. W. D. 
McKenzie was then admitted as a partner, 
the business name being changed to Mel- 
len & McKenzie, and thus continued until 
1895, their workshop and yard being 
located at No. iii Dwight street. In 
1895 Mr. Mellen bought out the interests 
of his partners and since that time has 
conducted it alone with undiminished suc- 

Among the many large buildings in 
Springfield which stand as monuments to 
his skill and ability, testifying eloquently 
to the fact that his work is of superior 
quality, may be mentioned: The Dickin- 
son Block; Gill's Block; the addition to 
the Rothwell Block; Ward One Engine 
House ; the Smith Block ; the Bimie Build- 
ing at Brightwood; the Warwick Cycle 
Manufacturing Company's large build- 
ing; the Parish House for the Memorial 
Church; the greater part of the Cooley 
House ; the Worthy Hotel, addition ; New 
England Telephone and Telegraph build- 
ing; Electric Light Company's power 
buildings; nearly all the buildings for 
L. W. Bessee, during the past nine years, 
including his three large blocks on Main 


street ; the art buildings ; the private resi- 
dences of Dr. Brooks, Dr. Goldwaith, and 
Dr. Griffin, on Mill street; Teck High 
School; Jefferson Avenue School; Ken- 
sington Avenue School; the first half of 
the Chestnut Street School, the largest 
grammar school building in the United 
States; the New Massasoit House; 
Stearns Block on Bridge street ; Williams 
Block on Bridge street; and the addition 
to the Indian Orchard School. His largest 
and most laborious achievement was the 
construction work of the Worthington 
street sewer. This involved the building 
of a tunnel to the Connecticut river, under 
the twelve tracks of the New York, New 
Haven & Hartford Railroad freight house, 
the tunnel at this point being more than 
six hundred feet in length, not including 
the street work, and the tremendous work 
necessary to sufficiently "shore up" this 
gigantic mass while the work was pro- 
ceeding required engineering skill of a 
high order. In his business as a builder, 
he holds high rank, and with one excep- 
tion is the oldest in the city. 

The name of Mellen has always stood 
as a synonym for all that is upright and 
honorable in business, and he enjoys the 
confidence and esteem of those with 
whom he has been brought in contact, 
either in business or social life. He is a 
Republican in politics, a member of 
Hampden Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and a member of the En- 
campment of the uniformed rank. He is 
a member of Springfield Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, and of the Council, 
Chapter, Commandery and Shrine, also 
of the Nyassett Club and the Board of 

Mr. Mellen married (first) in 1875, 
Sarah E. J. Stebbins, of Springfield, who 
died in 1902, a daughter of Franklin Steb- 
bins. He married (second) Ellen Got- 
berg. Children by first marriage: i. 
Daniel. 2. Franklin S.. married Bertha 

Doane and they are the parents of three 
children: Daniel W., Jeanette, and Vir- 
gfinia. 3. Florence L., married Lorin L. 
Joslyn; he is with A. A. Packard; Mr. 
and Mrs. Joslyn have one child, Richard 
L. The family are attendants and staunch 
supporters of the Hope Congregational 
Church, situated on the "hill." They are 
well-known in the community, and take 
an active part in its varied interests. 

PALMER, Rev. Charles James, 

There were several families bearing the 
name of P^mer among the Puritan immi- 
grants who settled in New England, and 
all evinced the commendable qualities 
which have commanded esteem from the 
earliest period of known history. Rev. 
Charles James Palmer is a descendant of 
William Palmer, who was a landowner in 
Great Ormsby, Norfolk county, England, 
whence he came to America as early as 
1636. He located first at Watertown, 
Massachusetts, was in Newbury, same 
colony, in 1637, ^^^ ^^ ^638 was a grantee 
and one of the first settlers at Hampton, 
New Hampshire, where he continued to 
live until his death. The name of his first 
wife is unknown. He married (second) 
Grace, widow of Thomas Rogers, who 
survived him, returned to Watertown and 
became the wife of Roger Porter. Four 
children of the first wife are known, all 
bom in England. 

(II) Christopher Palmer, the second 
son and third child of William Palmer, 
born about 1626, died June 30, 1699. He 
married, November 7, 1650, Susanna, 
daughter of Edward Hilton, born 1634, 
died January 9, 171 7. 

(III) Samuel Palmer, son of Christo- 
pher and Susanna (Hilton) Palmer, was 
born November 25, 1652. He lived in 
Hampton, and married, about 16S4, Ann 
Sanborn. She was bom November 20, 



i662| daughter of Lieutenant John and 
Mary (Tuck) Sanborn^ and died October 

4, 1745- 

(IV) Jonathan Palmer, youngest son 

of Samuel and Ann (Sanborn) Palmer, 
was born March 26, 1698, in Hampton, 
and lived in that town and the adjoining 
town of Kensington, where he died No- 
vember 13, 1779. He married, October 26, 
1729, Anna Brown, born February 21, 
1709, in Hampton, died May 14, 1796, in 
Kensington, daughter of William and 
Anne (Heath) Brown. 

(V) Trueworthy Palmer, youngest child 
of Jonathan and Anna (Brown) Palmer, 
was born July 20, 1749, lived in Kensing- 
ton, Kingston, Loudon and Conway, New 
Hampshire, and was a patriot of the 
Revolution. He first enlisted, June 12, 
1775, in Captain Philip Tilton's company 
of Colonel Enoch Poor's regiment, and 
was a signer of the Association Test, April 
12, 1776. In the same year he became a 
member of Captain Calfe's company, 
Colonel T. Bartlett's regfiment, which re- 
inforced the Continental army at New 
York. He married, April 27, 1772, Joanna, 
daughter of Thomas and Judith (Noyes) 
Webster, born July 15, 1749, died Febru- 
ary 14, 1794. 

(VI) Jonathan (2) Palmer, second son 
of Trueworthy and Joanna (Webster) 
Palmer, was born January 25, 1782, in 
Loudon, and died at Exeter Mills, Maine, 
November 24, 1866. He married (first) 
at Gilmanton, New Hampshire, Anna 
Osgood, who died within a year. He 
married (second) April 22, 1810, Martha, 
daughter of Jonathan and Lydia (Tuck) 
Prescott, of Gilmanton, born July 4, 1789, 
died March 23, 1879. 

(VII) Rev. James Monroe Palmer, 
seventh child of Jonathan (2) and Martha 
(Prescott) Palmer, was born October 5, 
1822, at Exeter Mills. In 1847 ^^ gradu- 
ated from Colby College, Waterville, 
Maine, and was principal of the Liberal 


Institute of Waterville, for a year begin- 
ning in 1847. Entering Bangor Theologi- 
cal Seminary of Bangor, Maine, he was 
graduated in 1853, and at once engaged 
in the work of the ministry, serving for 
fifteen years as pastor of Congregational 
churches in Maine and New Hampshire. 
Among his most noted characteristics was 
his charity. In the third year of the Civil 
War he entered the work of the United 
States Christian Commission, visiting 
camps and prisons and preaching to the 
Union soldiers. In his later years he was 
engaged in business in Boston, and his 
last days were spent at Kenosha, Wiscon- 
sin, where he died May 23, 1897. He was 
a strong Republican, from the organiza- 
tion of the party, and earnest in support 
of liberal government. He married at 
Waterville, Maine, December 2, 1853, 
Caroline Frances Bacon, born January 7, 
1830, in that town, daughter of Ebenezer 
Farwell and Jane (Faunce) Bacon, died 
at Cambridge, Massachusetts, October i, 
1899. The eldest child of this marriage 
is Charles James, of whom further. 
Ebenezer F. Bacon, bom 1796, was a son 
of Ebenezer Bacon. 

(VIII) Rev. Charles James Palmer, son 
of Rev. James Monroe and Caroline 
Frances (Bacon) Palmer, was born No- 
vember 4, 1854, in Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts. He received a liberal education. 
After thorough preparation he entered 
Bowdoin College at Brunswick, Maine, 
from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1874. He immediately entered the 
General Theological Seminary of New 
York, from which he was graduated in 
1878, and in June 19th of that year was 
ordained to the ministry of the Protestant 
Episcopal church, in whose labors he has 
continued to the present time. His first 
work was temporary, in various places, 
until he was called to the charge of St. 
Luke's Church at Lanesboro, Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, in September, 


1880. For nineteen years he labored as 
rector of this society, at the end of which 
time he resigned and accepted the ap- 
pointment of county missionary of Berk- 
shire county, under the auspices of the 
Protestant Episcopal church, and has con- 
tinued in this capacity since that date, 
making his home in Lanesboro. In 1885, 
in collaboration wiith Rev. Joseph Hooper, 
he prepared the history of the town of 
Lanesboro, a feature of the "History of 
Berkshire County," published in that year 
by J. B. Beers & Company, of New York, 
also a history of Lenox and of Richmond 
and some monographs of Dr. John S. 
Stone and Professor A. V. G. Allen, 
both natives of Berkshire county, also 
numerous sketches of various churches. 
Some idea may be formed of the ex- 
tent of his writings when it is stated 
that nine cards of his writings are to be 
found in the Congressional Library in 
Washington, D. C, and seven in the 
Public Library in Boston, also in many 
other libraries. In addition to this he 
has prepared a number of family gene- 
alogies of Pittsfield and Berkshire county 
and that section. Rev. Mr. Palmer holds 
liberal and broad-minded views, and is a 
worker for progress in political as well as 
moral life. He is active in organizing 
and promoting all charitable undertak- 
ings, and highly esteemed and loved by 
those who have come under his ministra- 
tion. He has never sought for official 
station outside of the work of the minis- 
try. His acquaintance is widely extended, 
and wherever known he is an object of 
the most kindly regard. Rev. Mr. Palmer 
was made a member at Bowdoin College 
of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, an honor- 
ary Greek letter fraternity, to which only 
those of established high scholarship are 
eligible. He is also eligible to become a 
member of the Order of the Cincinnati. 
Rev. Mr. Palmer married (first) Janu- 

ary 19, 1881, in Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts, Helen M. Watson, daughter of 
Justus Dakin, principal of high school in 
Boston, and Rosina (Callender) Watson, 
bom in Manchester, New Hampshire, 
died March 23, 1882, in Lanesboro. She 
was the mother of a daughter, Helen £. 
Palmer, bom January 23, 1882. Rev. Mr. 
Palmer married (second) October 15, 
1885, Gertrude S. Barnes, of Lanesboro, 
daughter of Daniel Collins and Harriet 
Sophia Barnes, bom in Lanesboro, Mas- 
sachusetts, 1859, died May 7, 1915. There 
are two children of this marriage : Edward 
J. Barnes, bom October 3, 1886; and 
Annie Elizabeth, April 8, 1893. The son 
graduated in 1912 at Harvard University, 
and became professor of chemistry at 
Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he died April 3, 191 3. 

CRANE, BUcry Bicknell, 

EUery Bicknell Crane, of Worcester, is 
a descendant of Henry Crane, who as 
early as 1655 settled with his brother, 
Benjamin, in Wethersfield, Connecticut 
They were tanners and curriers of leather. 
After conducting business in company for 
some years Henry removed to Guilford, 
previous to 1660, and a few years later 
became one of the first planters of 
"Hammonassett," the name having been 
changed in 1667 to Kenilworth, or Kill- 
ingworth, that portion now being known 
as Clinton. About the year 1663 ^^ mar- 
ried Concurrence, daughter of John 
Meigs, and became one of the leading 
spirits in this new settlement; was the 
schoolmaster, and captain of the train- 
band ; appointed one of the commissioners 
for the town ; besides serving on various 
important committees, locating boundary 
lines and settling estates. On the death 
of his brother Benjamin, of Wethersfield, 







in 1693, ^^ ^^s appointed one of the dis- 
tributors of his estate. His wife, Concur- 
rence, died October 9, 1708, and he mar- 
ried (second) Deborah Champion, widow 
of Henry Champion, of Lyme, December 
26, 1709. He died April 22, 171 1, and his 
widow married Richard Towner. Of his 
ten children, three died young: John, 
Concurrence, Mary, Phebe, Theophilus, 
Henry, and Mercy, grew to mature years 
and had families. 

(II) Henry Crane, Jr., son of Henry 
and Concurrence Crane, was born Octo- 
ber 25, 1677. He married Abigail, daugh- 
ter of Robert Flood, of Wethersfield, Jan- 
uary 27, 1703-04, and settled in that part 
of Killingworth afterward set off to Dur- 
ham. He was one of the original proprie- 
tors of Durham, one of the deacons of the 
Congregational church, and for twenty- 
eight sessions (1718 to 1740), represented 
the town in the State Legislature. He 
was also a military man, and advanced 
from the ranks through the various stages 
to captain of the Durham train-band. In 
1734 the General Assembly of Connecti- 
cut appointed Captain Crane and Jam'es 
Wadsworth, Esq., a committee to return 
the thanks of the assembly to Rev. Mr. 
Nathaniel Chauncey for the sermon he 
preached before that body. May 9th, that 
year, and solicit a copy of the same for 
publication. In October, 1738, he with 
Mr. Wadsworth, both of Durham, were 
again appointed by the assembly, with 
Captain Samuel Hall, to locate a site for 
a meeting-house in the parish of Amity, 
New Haven county, the place known as 
Woodbridge. He died April 11, 1741. His 
widow died August 31, 1754. They had 
children: Silas, bom January 25, 1705; 
Concurrence, 1708; Henry, 1710; Abigail, 
1712, died 1724. 

(III) Silas Crane, eldest son of Henry, 
Jr., and Abigail (Flood) Crane, was called 
Sergeant Silas, for service rendered dur- 
ing the French and Indian wars. He was 

also prominent in matters relating to the 
affairs of both church and state. He re- 
sided on a part of the farm of seven hun- 
dred and fifty acres left by his father, and 
here for more than twenty years the two 
brothers resided, with but a partition deed 
dividing their estates in about equal parts. 
He died January 15, 1763. He married 
Mercy, daughter of Samuel Griswold ; she 
died August 29, 1782. Of their eleven 
children, three died young : Abigail, Jesse, 
Silas, Robert G., Eli, Hulda, Ruth, and 
Frederick, lived to mature age. 

(IV) Robert Griswold Crane, fourth 
child and third son of Silas and Mercy 
(Griswold) Crane, was bom February 18, 
1739. He married, Octobier 31, 1765, Mary 
Camp, daughter of Eleazer Camp, of Dur- 
ham, she died April 30, 1790. In Febru- 
ary, 1 791, he married (second) Sybilla 
Judson, who died January 12, 1808. April 
7t 1769* Mr. Crane, with his family, re- 
moved from Durham to the town of Beth- 
lehem, where he died March 6, 1820, at 
the age of eighty, having had eight chil- 
dren : Mary, Robert, Molly, Achsah, Ele- 
azer; Jesse, died young; Phineas and 

(V) Eleazer Crane, second son of 
Robert G. and Mary (Camp) Crane, was 
born December 28, 1773. He married, 
December 9, 1798, Anna (afterwards 
called Nancy), daughter of Fletcher Prud- 
den, and his wife, Sarah Treat, who was 
a daughter of Edmund, and granddaugh- 
ter of Governor Robert Treat. Mr. Crane 
first settled on a farm in the town of 
Woodbury, where his two eldest children 
were bom, but during the summer of 
1802 removed to Colebrook, New Hamp- 
shire, where he purchased wild land and 
began to improve a farm. He also built 
a saw mill on the stream called Mohawk 
creek, where he manufactured lumber 
until 1807, when owing to the frequent 
depredations, including theft and murder, 
on account of the controversy regarding 



the boundary line between the United 
States and Canada, he abandoned all his 
property, home, mill, and lumber manu- 
factured, and with his family returned to 
Connecticut, locating in Bethlehem. In 
1823 he returned to Colebrook to find that 
the mill, buildings and lumber had been 
burned, only the old irons remaining. He 
rebuilt the farm buildings, cleared up a 
portion of the land for agricultural 
products, and there made his home until 
the year 1836, when the family removed 
to Wisconsin, and as members of the New 
England Emigrating Company, helped to 
settle the town (now city) of Beloit, 
where he died June 14, 1839. His widow 
died April 3, 1859. They had five children : 
Emeline E., Orlando F., Sarah Treat, 
Robert Prudden; and Nathan F., who 
died in infancy. 

(VI) Robert Prudden Crane, fourth 
child and second son of Eleazer and 
Nancy (Prudden) Crane, was bom in 
Colebrook, New Hampshire, April 17, 
1807. Sixteen years of his early life were 
passed in Bethlehem, Connecticut, where 
he attended school during the winter 
terms, and worked on the farm in the 
summer seasons. After returning with 
his father's family to Colebrook, in 1823, 
his time was given to assisting in reestab- 
lishing a new home near his birthplace, 
which, in the absence of the family, had 
been practically obliterated. Thirsting 
after rather more than a common school 
education, he went several winter seasons 
to the academy at Lancaster, where he 
was graduated in 183 1. For a few years 
he taught school in the neighboring towns 
about Colebrook during the winter terms. 
In the fall of 1836 he joined the New Eng- 
land Emigrating Company, which com- 
prised a dozen or more families from in 
and about Colebrook, organized for the 
purpose of migrating to the territory then 
known as "The Far West." In the winter 
of 1836-37, Mr. Crane, with one other 

member of this ccmipany, started on their 
westward journey, reaching the locality 
now known as Beloit, Wisconsin, in the 
early spring of the latter year. Here they 
"set their stakes," and were soon followed 
by the remainder of the emigrating com- 
pany. Mr. Crane had previously married 
(February 25, 1836) Almira P., daughter 
of Captain John W. Bicknell and Keziah 
Paine, his wife. Mr. Crane was active and 
prominent in the e)arly settlement of 
Beloit, making his home there until 1881, 
when to avoid the cold winters he re- 
moved to Micanopy, Florida, where he 
died November 3, 1882. His wife, Almira 
P., died in Beloit, January 6, 1854, leaving 
one child, Ellery Bicknell Crane. 

(VII) Ellery Bicknell Crane, only child 
of Robert Prudden and Almira P. (Bick- 
nell) Crane, was bom in Colebrook, Coos 
county, New Hampshire, November 12, 
1836. He was a babe when he and his 
mother rejoined the husband and father in 
what is now Beloit, Wisconsin, on August 
7, 1837. Here the son grew to manhood, 
receiving his education in private and 
public schools, Beloit Academy, and the 
preparatory department of Beloit College. 
After, taking a full course of instruction 
in single and double entry bookkeeping, 
he was employed as an accountant in the 
ofHce of a lumber and grain merchant in 
his native town. The financial stress of 
1857 and 1858 proved so discouraging to 
the credit system to trade that his em- 
ployer decided to conduct a cash trade 
only during the year i860, and Mr. Crane 
joined a party of gentlemen bound for 
California via the overland route. They 
started on this journey. May, i860, and 
Sacramento was reached, October 12th, 
after an interesting and exciting trip on 
account of the warlike attitude assumed 
by the Indians against the whites during 
that season. Mr. Crane remained on the 
Pacific coast, passing the time in the 
States of California and Oregon until the 



winter of 1862. In December of that year 
he left San Francisco to return via the 
Isthmus of Panama to the east. Reach- 
ing New York City, he decided to locate 
in New England among relations, and 
proceeding to Boston he secured a posi- 
tion as bookkeeper and salesman for a 
wholesale and retail lumber dealer, where 
he remained four years and until his em- 
ployer sold his business and the acounts 
were all settled through the hands of Mr. 

Mr. Crane located in Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1867, and started in busi- 
ness for himself in the lumber trade, 
establishing a yard and office on Madi- 
son street, near Southbridge street, with 
Jonathan C. French as a partner. Within 
three months he purchased the interest 
of Mr. French, and for the greater portion 
of the succeeding thirty-four years con- 
ducted the business alone. On Sunday 
afternoon, July 8, 1900, a fire was started 
in some mysterious way from an adjoin- 
ing building, and his stock and building 
went up in smoke. As a change in the 
buildings laws prohibited the erection of 
wooden storehouses on the site he had 
occupied the business was given up and 
Mr. Crane retired from mercantile pur- 
suits and has since devoted his time to 
historical and genealogical work. For 
forty years he has been a member of the 
Worcester Society of Antiquity, serving 
four years as vice-president, seventeen 
years as president, and fourteen years as 
librarian. On the resignation of the libra- 
rian, who had served the society in that 
capacity for seventeen years or more, Mr. 
Crane was elected to succeed him and 
accepted the task on account of his fond- 
ness for the work attending the office. 
During the last two years he has accom- 
plished the large task of rearranging the 
extensive library of the society, and has 
also prepared a large amount of literary 
work along historical and genealogical 


lines, and numerous written papers of his 
have been published with the records of 
the Worcester Society of Antiquity. He 
had previously compiled and published 
**The Rawson Family Memorial," a vol- 
ume containing the genealogical records 
of the descendants of Edward Rawson, 
secretary of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony ; and "Crane Family Genealogy," 
in two volumes. Many of the careful and 
exhaustive family records contained in 
the "Genealogical and Personal Memoirs 
of Worcester County" are also from his 

During Mr. Crane's residence in Wor- 
cester he has been active in public matters, 
and as a Republican iil politics has en- 
deavored to do what he could to promote 
the public weal, as he viewed it from his 
standpoint. Although he cast his first 
presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln 
and has since voted the Republican ticket 
in the main, he is not a rank partisan, for 
he believes in principles first and in party 
second. As a proof of the confidence re- 
posed in him, we have but to call atten- 
tion to the honors he has received at the 
hands of his fellow townsmen. He has 
occupied a seat in both branches of the 
city council for the city of Worcester, and 
also been a representative in the general 
court, and as senator, and reelected in 
each instance, thus receiving the compli- 
mentary vote of his constituents. While 
a member of the Massachusetts Legisla- 
ture, in the House he was a member of 
the committees on constitutional amend- 
ments and election laws. When in the 
Senate, on election laws, roads and 
bridges, street railways and taxation, 
serving as chairman of the latter, and also 
as chairman of the committee on parishes 
and religious societies. 

Mr. Crane was for several years one of 
the directors of the Worcester Board of 
Trade; for three years president of the 
Builders' Exchange; several years presi- 


dent of the Sons and Daughters of New 
Hampshire; president of the Worcester 
County Mechanics' Association in 1890 
and 1891 ; and for many years has been 
one of the board of trustees for the Wor- 
cester County Institution for Savings. 

Mr. Crane married, in 1859, Salona A. 
Rawson, daughter of George and Lois 
(Aldrich) Rawson. They had one son, 
Morton Rawson Crane. 

TUCKER, George Henry, 

Flamaeler, EmtexprlslBC CMltla«B« 

Robert Tucker, the pioneer ancestor of 
the family, was bom in England in 1604, 
died at Milton, Massachusetts, March 11, 
1682. He is supposed to have come to 
this country with a company from Wey- 
mouth, England, with the Rev. Dr. Hull, 
to Weymouth, Massachusetts, where he 
was living in 1635. Later he removed 
to Gloucester, and there held the office 
of recorder. He returned to Weymouth, 
and held several important offices there. 
About 1662, when the town of Milton 
was incorporated, he removed to it and 
purchased, in several lots on Brush Hill, 
about one hundred and seventeen acres. 
He was active in church work, and a 
member of the church committee. He 
married Elizabeth Allen, probably a sis- 
ter of Deacon Henry Allen. Children: 
Sarah, James, Joseph, Elizabeth, Benja- 
min, of further mention; Ephraim, Ma- 
nasseh, Sumner, Mary. 

(II) Benjamin Tucker, son of Robert 
and Elizabeth (Allen) Tucker, was born 
in Weymouth, Massachusetts, in 1646, 
and died, intestate, February 2^^ 1713-14. 
In 1683 the town of Roxbury accepted 
the grant which was made to them in 
that year of a tract of land seven miles 
square, which was soon after called New 
Roxbury, and is now known as Wood- 
stock. It was settled mostly by people 

from Roxbury, and Benjamin Tucker had 
a lot there numbered "32 of the third 
range of the second division," as they 
were laid out by the surveyor. In 1684 
he, in company with others from Rox- 
bury and vicinity, purchased what is now 
the town of Spencer, Massachusetts, and 
in 1686 the same parties purchased what 
is now known as the town of Hardwick. 
He married Ann Payson, daughter of 
Edward and Mary (Eliot) Payson, of 
Dorchester, and a niece of John Eliot, the 
apostle to the Indians. Children : Benja- 
min, of further mention ; Ann, Jonathan, 
Ephraim, Eben, Cheney, Mary, Edward, 
Joseph, Elizabeth, Sarah, Ann. 

(III) Benjamin (2) Tucker, son of 
Benjamin and Ann (Payson) Tucker, was 
born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, March 
8, 1670, and died in 1728. He came into 
possession of part of the lands in Spencer 
and Leicester, Massachusetts, which his 
father and others had purchased from the 
Indians. He was chosen constable in 
1 710, refused to serve, for which he was 
fined five pounds. He married (first) 
Sarah ; (second) Elizabeth Wil- 
liams, born in Roxbury, October i, 1672, 
daughter of Stephen and Sarah (Wise) 
Williams, and granddaughter of Robert 
and Elizabeth (Stratton) Williams. Rob- 
ert Williams was born probably in Nor- 
wich, England, about 1593; came to 
America in 1637, ^^^ ^^^ admitted a 
freeman in Roxbury, May 2, 1638. Only 
child by the first marriage: Sarah, who 
married Thomas Heron, of Dedham, 
Massachusetts. Children by second mar- 
riage: Ann; Elizabeth, married Daniel 
Weld ; Benjamin, married Mary Warren, 
of Watertown, Massachusetts; Stephen, 
of further mention; Henry; Catherine; 

(IV) Stephen Tucker, son of Benjamin 
(2) and Elizabeth (Williams) Tucker, 
was bom in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 



September 23, 1704-05, and settled in 
Leicester, Massachusetts. He married 
(first) May 31, 1739, Hannah Parks; 
(second) in 1750, Mary, daughter of 
Onesephirus and Mary (Saunderson) 
Pike, probably from Shrewsbury. Chil- 
dren by first marriage : Hannah, Stephen, 
John, of further mention ; Lucy, Rebekah. 

(V) John Tucker, son of Stephen and 
Hannah (Parks) Tucker, was bom in 
Leicester, Massachusetts, in 1742, and 
died in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 10, 1818. In early manhood he 
moved to Berkshire county. He married 
Thankful Eggleston, of Sheffield, Massa- 
chusetts, and after his marriage removed 
to Stockbridge. His wife died August 
31, 1794, at the age of forty-nine years. 
Children : Olive, Joseph, of further men- 
tion ; John, Stephen, Lovisa. 

(VI) Joseph Tucker, son of John and 
Thankful (Eggleston) Tucker, was bom 
in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, January 
12, 1772, and died August 25, 1847. After 
his marriage he settled in Lenox, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was an attorney-at- 
law. He was register of deeds from the 
middle district of Berkshire county from 
1801 to 1847, ^^^ county treasurer from 
1813 until his death. His name is in a 
list of Episcopalians in Lenox, April 3, 
1797. He married, March 18, 1802, Lucy 
Newell, born August 7, 1772, died March 
18, 1830, a daughter of Benjamin and 
Lucy (Dodge) Newell, the former of 
whom died in Kinderhook, the latter, who 
was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, in 
1744, died in Pittsfield; granddaughter of 
Joshua and Margaret (Conant) Dodge. 
Children : William Samuel, bom Decem- 
ber 17, 1802; George Joseph, of further 
mention ; John Charles, born August 30, 
1806, died March 26, 1809; Lucy Lovisa, 
bora March 26, 1808; John, born Febru- 
ary 9, died Febmary 11, 181 1; Mary, 

born May 23, 1814, died unmarried in 
1881 ; Maria, born June 22, 1818. 

(VII) George Joseph Tucker, son of 
Joseph and Lucy (Newell) Tucker, was 
bom at Lenox, Massachusetts, October 
17, 1804, and died at Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, in September, 1878. He matric- 
ulated at Williams College, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1822. He 
then took up the study of law, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1825, and estab- 
lished himself in the practice of his pro- 
fession at Lenox. He was register of 
deeds from 1847 to 1876, with the excep- 
tion of three years; and he was county 
treasurer from 1847 ^^^^ his death, a 
period of thirty-one years. He married 
(first) in Syracuse, New York, Septem- 
ber 27, 1829, Eunice Sylvia Cook, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin Warren and Louisa 
(Kasson) Cook, and granddaughter of 
Hezekiah and Lydia Cook; he married 
(second) at Middletown, Connecticut, 
August 5, 1854, Harriet Sill, daughter of 
Thomas and Clarissa Sill, and grand- 
daughter of Captain Micah Sill, of Lyme, 
Connecticut. Children by first marriage : 
Joseph, of further mention; Elizabeth, 
born May 22, 1835, d*^^ unmarried; 
Maria, born November 28, 1837, d*^d un- 
married; Benjamin, bom July 14, 1842, 
died in infancy. Children by second mar- 
riage: Harriet Matilda, bom April 28, 
1846, married Oliver Peck and has chil- 
dren: Sarah Tucker and Henry Oliver; 
Sarah Sill, born October 23, 1847, *s un- 
married ; Caroline Sill, bom June 5, 1850, 
is also unmarried ; George Henry, of fur- 
ther mention. 

(VIII) Judge Joseph (2) Tucker, son 
of George Joseph and Eunice Sylvia 
(Cook) Tucker, was born in Lenox, 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, August 
21, 1832, and was prepared for college at 
the Lenox Academy. He matriculated in 
the sophomore class at Williams College, 



and was graduated from this institution 
in the class of 1851. Commencing the 
study of law in the office of Rockwell & 
Colt, at Pittsfield, he pursued it at the 
Harvard Law School, and was admitted 
to the bar of Berkshire county in 1854. 
A short period was spent at Detroit, 
Michigan, and Chicago, Illinois, and in 
1857 he opened an office at St. Louis, 
Missouri,' but returned East in i860 and 
opened an office in Great Barrington, 
Massachusetts, where he practiced until 
September, 1862. He then enlisted in 
the Forty-ninth Regiment, Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Infantry, becoming first 
lieutenant of Company D. While this 
regiment was encamped near New York, 
he was appointed acting adjutant-general 
of Banks' expedition in New York City. 
Shortly after its arrival at Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana, he was appointed a member of 
the staflf of the First Brigade of the First 
Division of the Army of the Gulf. At 
the battle of Plain's Store, near Port 
Hudson, Louisiana, May 21, 1863, he was 
severely wounded. He returned to Lenox 
in July of that year. He was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives 
from Great Barrington in November, 
1865, and represented Southern Berkshire 
in the State Senate in 1866 and 1867. In 
1868 Chief Justice Chase appointed him 
United States Register in Bankruptcy for 
the Tenth Massachusetts Congressional 
District. He served as Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts from 1869 to 

1872. He was appointed justice of the 
District Court of Central Berkshire in 

1873, ^^^ held the office up to his death. 
For three years he was president of the 
Berkshire County Savings Bank, and was 
president of the Pittsfield Electric Street 
Railway Company. He died at Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, November 29, 1907. Judge 
Tucker married, September 20, 1876, Eliz- 
abeth Bishop, who died February 9, 1880, 

youngest daughter of Judge Henry W. 
and Sarah (Buckley) Bishop. 

(VIII) George Henry Tucker, young- 
est child of George Joseph and Harriet 
(Sill) Tucker, was bom at Lenox, Massa- 
chusetts, September 12, 1856. He gradu- 
ated from Williams College in the class 
of 1878, and in the same year succeeded 
his father as county treasurer, being the 
incumbent of this office until his resigna- 
tion from it in July, 1902, when he 
assumed the duties of cashier of the Pitts- 
field National Bank, which he held until 
1905, at which time he was elected to the 
presidency of this institution. He holds 
official positions in va^rious other impor- 
tant enterprises, being a director of the 
Berkshire Life Insurance Company since 
1888, and a member of the finance com- 
mittee of this corporation since 1894; a 
trustee of the City Savings Bank of Pitts- 
field ; a member of the board of directors 
and vice-president of the Third National 
Bank of Pittsfield up to 1902 ; a member 
of the board of directors of the Housa- 
tonic National Bank of Stockbridge since 
1898 ; a member of the board of directors 
of the Pittsfield Gas and Coal Company 
since 1890 ; member of the board of direc- 
tors of the Stanley Electric Company 
until its merger with the General Electric 
Company; trustee and treasurer of the 
Berkshire Athenaeum and Museum, and 
trustee of the Boys' Club, of which he 
was one of the organizers, and in which 
he has always taken an active interest. 
He is a member of the order of Free and 
Accepted Masons, lodge, chapter and 
council. He is also a member of the Park 

Mr. Tucker married, in Pittsfield, Sep- 
tember 7, 1892, Mary Talcott Briggs, 
born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, July 4, 
1853, died November 4, 1895, a daughter 
of General Henry Shaw Briggs and his 
wife, Mary Elizabeth (Talcott) Briggs; 






granddaughter of Governor George Nixon 
Briggs, who was bom in Adams, Massa- 
chusetts, April 12, 1796, was a member of 
Congress twelve years, commencing in 
1831, and Governor of the State seven 
years, commencing 1843; he married, in 
1818, Harriet Hall, daughter of Ezra 
and Triphena Hall, of Lanesboro. Mrs. 
Tucker was a great-granddaughter of 
Allen and Nancy (Brown) Briggs, of 
Cumberland, Rhode Island. 

BOWEN, James Lorenzo, 

CItU War Veteran, PaUle OfieiaL 

Man's worth in the world is determined 
by his usefulness — by what he has accom- 
plished for his fellow men — ^and the great- 
est honor and regard are given those 
whose efforts have been of the greatest 
benefit to their fellows. Judged by this 
standard, James Lorenzo Bowen, sealer 
of weights and measures, at Springfield, 
Massachusetts, may well be accounted 
one of the most distinguished citizens of 
the town. He enjoys a reputation for 
absolute integrity in every relation of 
life. His word is regarded as sufficient 
to guarantee the performance of any duty 
or task to which he has pledged himself. 
He does not hold, as do so many at the 
present time, that success cannot be ob- 
tained by honorable methods. On the 
contrary, his entire career is an exposi- 
tion of the fact that prosperity and an 
untarnished name may be won simul- 

Orrin M. Bowen, son of James Bowen, 
was born in Massachusetts in 1820, and 
died in 1886. He was a cloth fuller and 
manufacturer all the active years of his 

life. He married (first) , and had 

one child, now deceased. He married 
(second) Harriet S. Joy, born in Vermont 
in 1825, died at Marlboro, Vermont, in 
August, 1845. Children by this marriage : 

James Lorenzo, whose name heads this 
sketch ; Nelson O., served in Company I, 
First Massachusetts Cavalry, until the 
close of the Civil War, and was later 
killed on the railroad, leaving a widow 
and one child. Mr. Bowen married (third) 
Martha A. Fuller, and they had two chil- 
dren : Albert Edward, died in Vermont ; 
Arthur H., a farmer in Vermont. 

James Lorenzo Bowen, eldest child of 
Orrin M. and Harriet S. (Joy) Bowen, 
was born in Marlboro, Windham county, 
Vermont, April 2, 1842. He received 
what was considered a practical education 
in those days in the public schools, and 
then learned the trade of fulling cloth 
from his father, with whom he worked 
until he enlisted, July 25, 1862, at North 
Adams, to which place the family had 
removed, in Company E, Thirty-seventh 
Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer In- 
fantry, under Captain Archibald Hopkins. 
The regiment was organized at Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts; started for Washington, 
District of Columbia, September 7, 1862 ; 
was under instructions three weeks at 
Arlington Heights ; then joined the Army 
of the Potomac. His first engagement 
was at the battle of Fredericksburg, 
and continued to the battle of Gettys- 
burg, being in the meantime at Marye's 
Heights, Salem Church, second battle of 
Fredericksburg, and then at Gettysburg. 
When in the battle of Winchester, the 
Thirty-seventh Regiment earned perhaps 
its highest distinction. On the third 
day of the battle of Gettysburg, during 
Pickett's charge, Mr. Bowen was severely 
wounded, being injured in both legs by 
the explosion of a shell fired by the Con- 
federate battery. 

At the close of the war, Mr. Bowen 
returned to peaceful occupations, being 
engaged in miscellaneous writing for a 
period of several years. He wrote about 
forty or fifty novels and a number of 



serial stories. In 1869 he went to North 
Adams, where he purchased an interest 
in a local paper and about the same time 
he began the publication of what was 
known as "The Temperance Album," and 
continued this, bringing it to a very pros- 
perous condition, until 1872, when having 
disposed of his interest in the local paper 
above referred to, which he had also con- 
ducted in a successful manner, he sold 
"The Temperance Album" to parties in 
Boston and came to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, with which city he has since 
been identified. He formed, a connection 
with "The Springfield Republican" as 
proof-reader, serving for twelve years, 
and was in the editorial department until 
1890. He was for eight years associated 
with Clark W. Bryan on the editorial 
staff of some of his monthly publications, 
remaining until the latter sold the same. 
One of these was "Good Housekeeping," 
of which Mr. Bowen continued editor 
until it was disposed of to the Phelps 
Publishing Company in the early part of 
1903. In that year he was appointed 
sealer of weights and measures for 
Springfield, and is still the incumbent of 
this important office. He is secretary of 
the committee on State aid, and in this 
position practically has charge of all the 
benefits, that is, the disbursement of 
funds to needy veterans of the Civil and 
Spanish-American wars, their widows or 
dependents. He was a notary public and 
justice of the peace many years, and was 
kept busy as a pension claim agent, plac- 
ing numerous cases before the depart- 
ments of the Interior and Treasury. In 
May, 1903, he entered upon his duties as 
sealer of weights and measures, which 
position he has since filled in a highly cred- 
itable manner. His political affiliations 
were always with the Republican party, 
and on account of the wound received at 
Gettysburg, he went on crutches to the 

polls to cast his first vote, which was for 
President Lincoln, at his second nomina- 
tion. Mr. Bowen has held official posi- 
tion in the Grand Army of the Republic 
for more than a quarter of a century. He 
first joined C. T. Adams Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, of North Adams, 
in 1868, and in 1884 he joined E. K. Wil- 
cox Post, No. 16. He served four years 
as commander, nine years as adjutant, 
twelve years as quartermaster, and dur- 
ing the other years has filled various 
offices. He is serving his second year as 
a member of the State Department, and 
is one of the trustees of the Massachu- 
setts Soldiers' Home. In the year 1868 
he joined the Order of Good Templars, 
in which he has maintained uninterrupted 
membership for over forty years, proba- 
bly the oldest member in the State. He 
served from 1880 to 1883 as grand chief 
templar of the State, was an official of 
this body from 1890 to 1893, inclusive, 
serving as past grand chief templar, and 
is now the senior living official, being the 
oldest in point of service in the State. 
He and his family are Universalists, and 
he served a number of years as superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school at North 
Adams. Mr. Bowen is a man of keen in- 
tellect, and apart from his other literary 
labors he compiled a history of his regi- 
ment in 1884, which is considered by ex- 
perts to be the most complete regimental 
history of the Civil War. In 1888 he 
compiled a history of "Massachusetts in 
the Civil War, 1861-1865," which covers 
one thousand and fifty pages. 

Mr. Bowen married, October 3, 1863, 
Sabra J. Cada, daughter of Joel P. and 
Finetta A. Cada, of North Adams, and 
they celebrated their golden wedding 
anniversary in 191 3. Children: i. James 
Lorenzo, Jr., was killed by an accident at 
the age of six years. 2. Nelson, twin of 


'• ^ 



James Lorenzo, Jr., died at the age of 
nine months. 3. Frank Hunter, bom Feb- 
ruary II, 1867, is a member of the bar of 
the District of Columbia, and was for 
several years connected with the Depart- 
ment of Commerce and Labor; he spent 
two years as chief clerk of the Educa- 
tional Bureau at the time President Taft 
was Governor-General of the Philippines ; 
he is the owner of a line farm at Laurel, 
Maryland; he married, October 3, 1893, 
Florence E. Gray, and has one child: 
Nelson Edward Frank, who was educated 
in the public and high schools. 4. Alfred 
Monroe, born January 31, 1873, is a resi- 
dent of Readsboro, Vermont, where he is 
an electrician in the employ of a chair- 
making concern ; he married (first) Sarah 
E. White, of Chicopee, Massachusetts, 
who died leaving one child: Alfred M., 
Jr.; he married (second) June 3, 1914, 
Hazel Prew, of Readsboro. 5. Edward 
Nelson, bom April 4, 1875; he was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Springfield, 
being graduated from the high school, 
then matriculated at the New York Medi- 
cal College, from which he was gradu- 
ated second in his class ; he was appointed 
house surgeon at St. John's Hospital, 
Brooklyn, New York, and at the end of 
one year was commissioned surgeon of 
the Forty-seventh Regiment, National 
Guard of New York, to serve in the 
Spanish- American War, with the rank of 
captain; he went with his regiment to 
Porto Rico, and was honorably mustered 
out at the expiration of his term of serv- 
ice ; he has the wonderful record of treat- 
ing two hundred and fifty-six fever 
patients, without the loss of one; some 
of these were carried for treatment to his 
bedside, where he himself was suffering 
with the fever; upon his return he was 
appointed United States Surgeon in the 
Department of the Pacific, reported at 

San Francisco, where he was assigned to 
duty at the Presidio, and within three 
months ordered to the Philippine Islands, 
where he remained seven years, during 
the greater part of which he was in serv- 
ice at the front; for a long time he was 
with the Maccabebe Scouts, was under 
fire more than one hundred times, and 
was wounded three times; he returned 
to the United States with his health in a 
shattered condition, but careful nursing 
and the bracing climate of the Pacific 
coast has caused it to improve greatly; 
he is the owner of a fine ranch of two 
hundred and fifty acres in Oregon, and is 
practicing his profession there; he mar- 
ried Josephine M. Kittell, who died in 
Springfield. 6. Lorenzo, bom May 30, 
1881, died December 18, 1904; he mar- 
ried Effie M. Goodell, of West Spring- 
field, and left one son: Ralph Lorenzo, 
bom April 5, 1902. 7. Nettie, who died 
in infancy. 8. A child, who died in in- 

BALLARD, Harlan Hoge, 

This surname is an ancient one in Eng- 
land, Wales and Ireland, and it took root 
in America with the colonization of New 

William Ballard, the first known ances- 
tor of the line herein followed, was born 
in 1603, died in Andover, Massachusetts, 
July 10, 1689. He arrived in this country 
from England in the **]Bxnes" in 1635, and 
was one of the earliest settlers of An- 
dover, where he was admitted a freeman. 
May 2, 1638. His son, Joseph Ballard, 
was a resident of Andover, Massachu- 
setts, and his death occurred there in 1721. 
He married (first) Elizabeth Phelps, (sec- 
ond) Mrs. Rebecca Home. Josiah Bal- 
lard, son of Joseph, was bom in Andover, 




Massachusetts, in 1699, and died there in 
1780. He married Mary Chandler. Their 
son, Josiah (2) Ballard, was bom in An- 
dover, Massachusetts, in 1721 ; served in 
the Revolutionary War, and died in 1799. 
He married Sarah Carter. Their son, 
William Ballard, was bom in Lancaster, 
Massachusetts, March 23, 1764, settled at 
Charlemont, Massachusetts, and died in 
that town, May 25, 1842. He was a captain 
in the state militia. He married Eliza- 
beth Whitney. Their son, John Ballard, 
was born in Charlemont, Massachusetts, 
October i, 1790, settled in Athens, Ohio, 
in 1830, and died August 23, 1880. He 
married Pamelia Bennett. Their son, 
Rev. Addison Ballard, D. D., was bom in 
Framingham, Massachusetts, October 18, 
1822. Williams College conferred upon 
him the degrees of B. A., M. A. and D. D., 
and entering the Congregational ministry 
he held pastorates in Williamstown, Mas- 
sachusetts, and I>etroit, Michigan. He 
held the professorship of Latin at the 
Ohio University, and that of rhetoric at 
Williams College; occupied the chair of 
astronomy, mathematics and natural phi- 
losophy at Marietta College; was a pro- 
fessor of Greek and Latin at Lafayette 
College, Easton, Pennsylvania, also was 
professor of moral philosophy and rheto- 
ric in the same institution, and was pro- 
fessor of logic in the New York Univer- 
sity. One of the principal products of his 
pen is "Arrows; or The True Aim in 
Study and Teaching." He married Julia 
Perkins Pratt, who is widely and favor- 
ably known as the author of "Building 
Stones," "Seven Years from To-night," 
"Grandmother's Story," "Hole in the 
Bag" and "Among the Moths and Butter- 
flies." They were the parents of three 
children: Harlan Hoge, Winifred, and 
Julia Spaulding. 

Harlan Hoge Ballard was bom in 
Athens, Ohio, May 26, 1853. He was 
graduated from Williams College, B. A., 

with the class oC 1874, received the degree 
of Master of Arts in 1877, and shortly 
after leaving college he engaged in edu- 
cational work. For six years, from 1874 
to 1880, he was principal of the high 
schocd in Lenox, Massachusetts, and from 
1880 to 1886 was principal of the Lenox 
Academy, and while residing in that town 
he founded the Agassiz Association for 
the study of nature, which has had over 
one thousand branches. In 1887 he was 
chosen librarian and curator of the Berk- 
shire Athenaeum and Museum, and the 
following year became secretary of the 
Berkshire Historical and Scientific So- 
ciety of Pittsfield. He is curator of the 
Museum of Natural History and Art, pre- 
sented to the city of Pittsfield by Zenas 
Crane, Esq., of Dalton. He was for 
several years the editor of "Swiss Cross." 
He is the author of : "Three Kingdoms," 
1882; "World of Matter," 1892; "Open 
Sesame," 1896; "Virgil's Aeneid, trans- 
lated into English Hexameters," 1902-11, 
and joint author of: "American Plant 
Book," 1879; "Barnes' Readers," 1883; 
and "One Thousand Blunders in English," 
1884. He is a fellow of the American As^ 
sociation for the Advancement of Science, 
of the American Library Association; 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 
Royal Arcanum, Country Club and Park 
Qub, Pittsfield, and the National Insti- 
tute of Social Sciences, and an honorary 
member of the Supreme Council of the 
thirty-third degree of Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry. He is a Republican in politics. 

Mr. Ballard married, August 30, 1879, 
Lucy Bishop Pike, of Lenox, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of John and Lucy (Bishop) 
Pike, and granddaughter of Nicholas Pike, 
who was for many years master of the 
Newburyport grammar school, and was 
the author of an arithmetic which was in 
general use in the public schools of his 
day. On the maternal side she was a 
granddaughter of Judge Henry Walker 


/ ;' ^4'_ (/'■L.:-.^-n. 

.» 1 

C >- *i* -^ ' 



Bishop, of Lenox, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of Hon. Nathaniel Bishop, of Rich- 
mond, Massachusetts. Children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Ballard: Harlan Hoge, Jr., 
Elizabeth Bishop, Lucy Bishop, and Mar- 

BARD, Henry H., 

So great has been the advance made in 
the science of medicine that the results 
accomplished by the representatives of 
the profession seem almost phenomenal. 
This broader knowledge, however, has 
been acquired only after the most pains- 
taking, thorough and comprehensive in- 
vestigation, experiment and research, and 
to-day the man who is a successful prac- 
titioner must be a most earnest, discrimi- 
nating and appreciative student, continu- 
ally adding to his professional knowledge 
through wide reading, and assimilating 
this knowledge for the benefit of his fel- 
low men. One of the able physicians and 
surgeons of the younger generations in 
Pittsfield, Berkshire county, Massachu- 
setts, is Dr. Henry H. Bard, who was 
bom in Adams, Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts, August 30, 1883. His family, 
which is well known, has been repre- 
sented in Berkshire county for three gen- 
erations, covering a period of nearly a 

The great-grandfather of Dr. Bard was 
a pioneer settler of Alberta, British Co- 
lumbia, and there his children were born. 
He was a carpenter by occupation, and 
later removed to Vancouver, British Co- 
lumbia, where he spent his last years. 
Marcus Bard, his son, removed to Adams, 
Massachusetts, where he also followed 
carpentering, and died there in April, 
1895, at the age of seventy-two years. 
He married, in Clarksburg, Anna Eliza- 

beth Clark, a daughter of Asa Clark, a 
pioneer settler in whose honor the town 
of Clarksburg was named, and where 
eight generations of the family have now 
lived. He was the father of seven sons, 
of whom six are living. 

Henry Bard, son of Marcus and Anna 
Elizabeth (Clark) Bard, was bom in 
Adams, Massachusetts, there spent his 
entire life, and died in April, 1886. Early 
in life he engaged in the manufacture of 
paper and was prominently identified 
with this line of manufacture until his 
death. His family for many generations 
had been connected with the Episcopal 
church, of which he was also a member. 
He married Ellen Hewitt, who is still 
living in Adams, Massachusetts. She 
was a daughter of the late James Hewitt, 
well-known as a plaid maker and de- 
signer. Mr. and Mrs. Bard were the par- 
ents of two children, of whom Dr. H. H. 
Bard is the only one living. 

Dr. Henry H. Bard, only son of Henry 
and Ellen (Hewitt) Bard, was bom in 
Adams, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
August 30, 1883. From his earliest child- 
hood he displayed traits of character not 
usually found so marked in young chil- 
dren; traits which have distinguished 
him throughout his career, and which 
have enabled him to achieve the excellent 
results he has attained. He attended the 
elementary and high schools of his native 
town, and from his eleventh year he com- 
menced to be self-supporting. His occu- 
pation at that time was as errand boy in 
a drug store during the hours he could 
spare from his studies, and each week a 
certain portion of his earnings was set 
aside with scrupulous exactitude, to form 
the nucleus of a fund for later use. His 
vacations were entirely spent in business 
occupation, and during the last year he 



commenced the study of medicine in the a suffering mortal necessitates his break- 

evenings in the office of Dr. J. J. Mahady. 
In 1904 he matriculated at the Baltimore 
Medical College, from which institution 
he was graduated in the class of 1908 with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
then took up his residence in Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, which town has since that 
time had the benefit of his professional 
skill. He became an assistant to Dr. 
Charles H. Richardson at the opening of 
the Hillcrest Hospital, and continued in 
this position for a period of four years, 
during which time he assisted materially 
in the upbuilding of this institution, 
which on the start was very small. In 
the course of time his services became of 
such value to the hospital that he now 
holds the position of first assistant sur- 
geon, and has another to assist him. 
There are two other physicians on the 
hospital staff, and twenty-five nurses to 
attend to the wants of the seventy 
patients which the hospital is able to 
accommodate, and this institution, to 
which he has given so generously of his 
time and talents, ranks among the leading 
hospitals of the State. 

In 191 2 Dr. Bard decided to establish 
himself in private practice, and the ex- 
tent of his practice at the present time 
proves the wisdom of this decision. He 
opened an office at No. 311 North street, 
Pittsfield, where he still continues, and 
his list of patients is constantly and 
steadily increasing. He has made himself 
a master in his profession, and has amply 
demonstrated his ability as a surgeon as 
well as a physician. He continues the 
habits which he adopted in earlier years 
of not allowing a moment to go to waste. 
Punctually at the appointed hour every 
morning, Dr. Bard may be found in his 
office, and there he remains during the 
stipulated time unless the urgent call of 

ing this self-imposed rule. Neither his 
personal pleasure nor that of others is 
allowed to interfere with his professional 
work and duties and his exactitude in this 
regard is fully recognized by his patients 
and appreciated by them to the fullest 
extent. All of his time not devoted to 
active practice is given to study along the 
advanced lines of his chosen profession, 
and he thus keeps himself firmly fixed in 
the front ranks of medical practitioners. 
His affiliation with organizations of 
varied character and scope is as follows : 
Member of Berkshire Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons; the Berkshire County 
Medical Association; member and medi- 
cal examiner of the Loyal Order of Moose 
and the Royal Arcanum; surgeon to the 
police department and fire department 
and the poor department of the city; 
member of the Berkshire Club and the 
City Qub. 

STACY, Frank B., 

IEA70V of SpHacMUL 

An enumeration of those men who have 
conferred honor and dignity upon Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, and who in turn 
have been honored by their fellow citi- 
zens, would be incomplete were there 
failure to make reference to the record of 
Frank E. Stacy, mayor of the city. There 
are few men whose lives are crowned 
with the admiration and respect which 
are uniformly accorded him, but through 
his years of connection with the history 
of the city and the State, his has been an 
unblemished character. With him suc- 
cess in life was reached through his ster- 
ling qualities of mind and a heart true to 
every manly principle. He never devi- 
ates from what his judgment indicates to 
be right and honorable between his fellow 



men and himself, and never swerves from 
the path of duty. His abilities are such 
as to gain him distinction in every field 
of labor to which he directs his energies. 
He has contributed in a large measure to 
the business development and commercial 
prosperity of the city, and through his 
broad charity, his benevolence and his 
kindly spirit, sheds around him much of 
the sunshine of life. The Stacy family is 
an old and honored one, and a brief men- 
tion of it is in place here. 

We must go back to the Stacys of 
Ballyfield, England, in the West Riding 
of Yorkshire, to find the ancestors of the 
New England families of that name, who 
have been seated in various parts of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts since 
the days of the Puritans. It is also found 
that in Colonial times there were Stacys 
in the provinces of New York and Penn- 
sylvania, of the same stock as the New 
England families. Mahlon Stacy was one 
of the lords proprietors of the province 
of West Jersey, owning one-fourth of 
one-tenth part of it, a man of great influ- 
ence and character there, and one of the 
English landed gentry. In early New 
England history the name now written 
Stacy, a form accepted by nearly all the 
branches of the family, was variously 
mentioned in town and church records as 
Stace, Stacye, Stacie, Stacey, Stasy and 
Stacy, the latter the correct form and 
used, perhaps, less frequently than some 
of the others. Hugh Stacy, of the Plym- 
outh Colony, 162 1, came to this country 
in the "Fortune," and subsequently set- 
tled in the plantation at Dedham. He 
was one of the Yorkshire family of his 
surname, perhaps was of kin to others 
who followed his example and emigrated 
from the mother country, and he is cred- 
ited with having been the first of his 

MA88-VoiIV-7 97 

name to have landed on the shores of 
New England. 

Richard Stacy, grandfather of Mayor 
Stacy, followed farming in Munson, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he spent his life. The 
earlier members of the family had been 
pioneer settlers in that section. 

Edwin S. Stacy, son of Richard Stacy, 
was bom in Munson, where he spent his 
early years, and came to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, in young manhood. At 
first he found employment in the Smith 
& Wesson Pistol Factory, remaining with 
this concern until 1866, when he founded 
the E. S. Stacy Machine Company, 
manufacturers of mill supplies, which is 
now being conducted by his son. At the 
time of his death he was one of the most 
prominent men in the city, respected and 
admired by all with whom he was asso- 
ciated. He numbered his friends by the 
scores, and was noted for his kindly 
spirit and uprightness. He was a mem- 
ber of the city council, 1875-76; in the 
Legislature, 1885 ^^^ 1900 ; and for many 
years served as one of the overseers of 
the poor, being the incumbent of this 
office at the time of his death, and had 
served as chairman of the board for a 
period of twelve years. He held high rank 
in the Masonic fraternity, having attained 
the thirty-second degree as a Knights 
Templar. He was a member with his 
family of Christ Episcopal Church. He 
married Martha J. Pomeroy, who died at 
the age of seventy-five years. She was 
a daughter of Henry Pomeroy, whose 
father served in the Revolution. The 
Pomeroy family had been located there 
for many years, six generations lying 
buried in Cherry Lane Cemetery. Henry 
Pomeroy served as a member of the 
school committee in 1850, and also as a 
member of the Legislature, and was an 
alderman in Springfield in 1857-58. Mr. 


and Mrs. Stacy had children: Richard 
H., Harry W., Frank E., whose name 
heads this sketch; Fred Pomeroy. 

Mayor Frank E. Stacy was bom in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, July 26, 1871. 
He acquired his educational advantages 
in the elementary and high schools of his 
native city, being graduated from the last 
mentioned in the class of 1890 as the 
president of his class. Upon the com- 
pletion of his education he became asso- 
ciated with his father in business, with 
which his brothers are also identified, his 
share of the undertaking being to look 
after the financial affairs of the enter- 
prise. Thf company conducts its busi- 
ness along enterprising and progressive 
lines, yet with an amount of conservatism 
which keeps it within safe boundaries. 
Mr. Stacy was elected a member of the 
common council in 1904-05-07-08, serving 
as president during the last-mentioned 
year, and was again elected in 1909. He 
was elected alderman in 1912, reelected 
in 1913, again in 1914, being president of 
the board of aldermen in the last-men- 
tioned year, and in the fall was elected 
mayor of the city to serve 1915-16, and 
received the largest majority ever received 
by any mayor of the city. Since taking 
office he has distinguished himself by car- 
rying through the project to build the 
great bridge across the Connecticut river. 
This he did within six months of his 
inauguration, although the project had 
come up before the city councils and the 
mayors of the city for the past fifteen 
years. From the time he attained his 
majority he had taken an active part in the 
public affairs of the city — ^was a member of 
the water front commission and the com- 
mission for building municipal structures, 
costing more than a million dollars. He 
and his family are members of Christ 
Church, where he led the choir for many 

years, an office in which he is now suc- 
ceeded by his son. His affiliation as a 
member with organizations of varied 
scope and character is as follows : Hamp- 
den Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Springfield Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar, up to the thirty-second degree; 
Hampden Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows; the Patriarchs Militant, 
Uniformed Rank, also of the Odd Fellows ; 
Springfield Lodge, Knights of Pythias; 
Springfield Lodge, Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks ; Paramount Lodge, 
Order of Moose ; Ancient Order of United 
Workmen; Nyasset Club; Oxford Club; 
Manchonis Club; Tatasic Club of Lake 
Quinsigamund, Worcester, Massachu- 
setts; Trinity Club; director of the 
Springfield Boys' Club; a member and 
director of the Springfield Board of 
Trade. For many years he has been 
prominent in musical circles of the city, 
has been a leader of a number of orches- 
tras, among them being the famous De 
Soto Orchestra, and is honorary life 
member of the Hampden County Musi- 
cians' Club, composed of four hundred 
musicians in high standing. 

Mayor Stacy married, October 17, 1894, 
Mabel R. Whitcomb, daughter of R. B. 
Whitcomb, a prominent business man of 
Springfield. They have children: Ruth 
N., Fred Pomeroy, Helen W., and Made- 
leine Billings. The home is one of open- 
handed hospitality, and the social gather- 
ings there are attended by people of the 
highest type of intellectual culture. 

EASTMAN, Alexander C, 

FlijBlelaa, 8pe«lallst. 

Dr. Alexander C. Eastman, of Spring- 
field, prominent in medical societies and 
in the practice of his profession, is a de- 




scendant of an ancient New England 
family, which has contributed many nota- 
ble citizens to his native land. This very 
numerous family has spread throughout 
New England and the Middle and West- 
em States. 

(I) Roger Elastman, the founder of the 
family in America, was bom in Wales in 
1611, and was a pioneer settler of Salis- 
bury, Massachusetts, where he died De- 
cember 16, 1694. He came from Lang- 
ford, County of Wilts, England, and sailed 
from Southampton in April, 1638, in the 
ship '"Confidence." It is believed that his 
real rank was concealed for political 
reasons on account of the English emi- 
gration laws. He received lands in the 
first division of Salisbury, and subse- 
quently other grants. His wife, Sarah 
(Smith) Eastman, was born in 1621, and 
died in Salisbury, March 11, 1697. They 
were members of the church there. 

(II) Their sixth son, Joseph Eastman, 
was born November 8, 1650, in Salisbury, 
Massachusetts, and settled as early as 
1682 in Hadley, Massachusetts, where he 
died April 4, 1692. He was a soldier of 
King Philip's War. His wife, Mary (Til- 
ton) Eastman, born February 8, 1649, was 
a daughter of Hon. Peter and Elizabeth 
Tilton, of Hadley, formerly of Windsor, 
Connecticut. Peter Tilton was magis- 
trate, representative and judge in Hadley. 

(III) Their eldest son, Joseph East- 
man, was born August 2, 1683, in Hadley, 
Massachusetts, was student of Rev. Wil- 
liams, of Deerfield, when the Indians made 
their raid upon that town, and was by 
them carried away as a captive. After three 
years as a prisoner in Canada, he returned 
to Hadley and settled on his maternal 
grandfather's farm, the Tilton estate, 
where he died September 29, 1769. He 
was long a deacon of the church at Had- 
ley. He married, November 22, 171 1, 
Mercy Smith, born July 3, 1694, died Jan- 

uary 10, 1784, in her ninetieth year, daugh- 
ter of John and Mary (Root) Smith. 

(IV) Their eldest son, Joseph East- 
man, born February i, 1715, in Hadley, 
Massachusetts, lived in that portion of 
the town which was set off as Amherst. 
He took an active part in all the affairs 
of the town, served for some years as one 
of the selectmen, and also represented the 
town at a number of conventions. He 
served five months and two days in Cap- 
tain Dickinson's company of the Revolu- 
tionary army in 1778, and his son, Joseph, 
was a member of the same company, serv- 
ing two years. Joseph Eastman, Sr., died 
October 23, 1793. He married. May 17, 
1746, Sarah Ingraham, born September 
25, 1725, daughter of John and Lydia 
(Boltwood) Ingraham, of Hadley, a 
granddaughter of John Ingraham, a 
pioneer settler of that town. 

(V) The third son of this marriage, 
John Eastman, bom May 7, 175 1, in Am- 
herst, Massachusetts, resided there until 
his death. May 6, 1829. He was a soldier 
of the Revolution, serving as private in 
Lieutenant Noah Dickinson's company of 
Colonel Elisha Porter's (Hampshire) 
regiment, on the alarm from Providence. 
He was also a member of Captain Reuben 
Dickinson's company, serving five and 
one-half months. He married, December 
22, 1779, Hephzibah, daughter of John 
Keyes. She died in 1837. 

(VI) Their eldest son, Joseph Eastman, 
born November 4, 1783, in Amherst, Mas- 
sachusetts, removed to New York state 
in 1814, and died there in the town of 
Bleecker, Fulton county. He married, 
July 24, 1806, Lois Root, of Montague, 
Massachusetts, born September 19, 1786, 
died February 14, 1810, daughter of Mar- 
tin and Lucinda (Clay) Root. She was 
the mother of two sons : Rilus, bom No- 
vember 23, 1807, and Lucius Root, of 
further mention. 




(VII) Rev. Lucius Root Eastman, sec- 
ond son of Joseph and Lois (Root) East- 
man, was born September 15, 1809, in 
Amherst, Massachusetts, was graduated 
from Amherst College, became a clergy- 
man, and was pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church at Sharon, Massachusetts, 
for some years, removing later to Boston, 
where he was a missionary, and died at 
the age of seventy-six years. He mar- 
ried, at Sharon, November 28, 1837, Sarah 
Ann Beldon, of Amherst, Massachusetts. 

(VIII) Their eldest son. Rev. Lucius 
Eastman, was born January 25, 1839, at 
Sharon, Massachusetts. He was educated 
chiefly at home, under his father's super- 
vision, was graduated from Amherst Col- 
lege in 1857, and from Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary in 1861. His first charge 
was at Holyoke, Massachusetts, where he 
was pastor of the Second Congregational 
Church, and moved thence to Braintree, 
Massachusetts, later to Somerville, the 
same state. In 1870 he became pastor of 
the church at Framingham, Massachu- 
setts, where he continued his active labors 
until 1909, and where he still resides, now 
living retired. He is one of the oldest 
pastors in point of service in the state of 
Massachusetts. He married (first) Octa- 
via Yale Smith, (second) Rebecca Crane, 
and there were three children by the first 
marriage and several by the second. 
Children: Rev. George, of Orange, New 
Jersey; Osgood F., a banker in Omaha, 
Nebraska; Lucius R., president of Hill 
Brothers, New York; Dr. Alexander C, 
of further mention ; Rufus P., engaged in 
the insurance business in New York ; H. 
Keyes, in Brooklyn, with his brother, 
Lucius R., as assistant superintendent of 
the factory ; John, an insurance broker in 
Boston; Arthur, deceased; Helen and 
Margaret, died in childhood. 

(IX) Dr. Alexander C. Eastman, of 
Springfield, spent his early years in Fram- 

ingham, where he was a student in the 
public schools, and entered Amherst Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated, after 
which he entered the medical depart- 
ment of Harvard University, from which 
he was graduated in 1900. After one 
year in hospital work, he began prac- 
tice at South Framingham, Massachu- 
setts, where he continued three years, 
and was subsequently located four years 
in Southboro, Massachusetts. In 1907 he 
established himself in Springfield, where 
he makes a specialty of children's dis- 
eases, and has built, up a large practice. 
He is a member of the American Medical 
Association, Massachusetts Medical As- 
sociation, New England Pediatric Society, 
Academy of Medicine of Springfield, of 
which he was secretary three years, 
Springfield Medical Society, of which he 
was secretary and treasurer three years, 
and was subsequently vice-president and 
president. He is a member of the college 
fraternity, Beta Theta Pi. He was the 
founder of the Baby Feeding Association, 
of which he was medical director, and is 
now president. 

Dr. Eastman married, June 7, 1905, 
Katherine Scranton, bom in Madison, 
Connecticut. Children: Alice Scranton, 
Hamilton C, and Rebecca H. 

FRANKLIN, Albert Barnes, Jr., 

The acquirement of honorable success, 
based upon unfaltering diligence and 
straightforward business methods, would 
alone entitle one to representation in a 
history of the men of prominence of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, but while 
Albert Barnes Franklin, Jr., ranks with 
the prosperous business men of the city, 
he is identified with various organizations 
and measures which have had direct bear- 
ing upon the welfare of the city and have 





proven an element toward that higher 
civilization which recognizes the obliga- 
tion of man to his fellowmen. His family 
has been well-known in New England 
many years. 

Benjamin F. Franklin, his grandfather, 
who were bom in Putnam, Vermont, later 
removed to Eastern Massachusetts. He 
was the proprietor of the Roxbury Tavern, 
which was the first stop out of Boston. 
He also owned a livery stable which is 
still in active operation under the name of 
Franklin's Livery Stable. He served in 
the Massachusetts Legfislature, and was 
an active member of the committeo»which 
sefected the site for the Amoskeag; Agri- 
cultural College. He married Clara Stow- 
ell, granddaughter of Captain ^, David 
Stowell, famous as a hero of the Revolu- 
tion, and both died in Boston. CHiWren : 
Benjamin Edward, of Minneapolis, Min- 
nesota; Ira, of Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts ; Charles, a resident on the old home- 
stead; Henry, deceased; Albert Barnes, 
of further mention; Helen, who died 

Albert Barnes Franklin, son of Benja- 
min F. and Clara (Stowell) Franklin, 
was bom in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
January 28, 1852, and attended the public 
schools of Boston. He was preparing for 
entrance to college at the Roxbury Latin 
School, when ill health obliged him to 
abandon the idea of a college course. He 
entered the employ of J. J. Walworth & 
Company, now The Walworth Manufac- 
turing Company, in the summer of 1869, 
and during the first four years he was 
with this concern was, engaged in learn- 
ing practically the work of a steam-fitter. 
Five. years were then spent in making 
plans and estimates for the same firm, 
and in contracting for heating apparatus. 
Late in 1878 he established himself in 
business independently, commencing on a 
small scale. Early in 1882 he formed a 

limited partnership with his brother, Ben- 
jamin E., this enabling him to extend his 
field of operations, and the association 
was continued until 1891, and he was 
alone from that time until his death 
in July, 1914. His annual transactions 
amounted to more than a quarter of a 
million dollars. He constructed some of 
the largest heating and ventilating plants 
in New England, among the buildings he 
supplied being the New State House ex- 
tension, the Asylum for Chronic Insane 
at Medfield, and many other public and 
private buildings. He was vice-president 
of the Melrose Young Men's Christian 
Association, and for a number of years 
was superintendent of the Congregational 
Sunday School in Melrose. He was a 
member of The Massachusetts Charitable 
Mechanic's Association, of the Congre- 
gational Club, and the Boston Sunday 
School Superintendents' Union. He mar- 
ried, September 30, 1874, Helen Frances 
Jenness, daughter of Sylvester and Emily 
(Hobbs) Jenness. Sylvester Jenness was 
a native oi England, and a mechanic, and 
worked at his trade in America many 
years. He went to Califomia during the 
"gold fever" of 1849, 2tnd died at the age 
of fifty-five years as a direct result of the 
ailments contracted through the hard- 
ships he was called upon to endure while 
west. He had two children: Helen 
Frances, mentioned above, and a son who 
died in early youth. Mr. and Mrs. Frank- 
lin had children : Lillian, married Ernest 
Carr, of Melrose, Massachusetts; Law- 
rence, of Melrose ; Ralph, with Lawrence 
controling the large business established 
by their father ; Isabella E., a teacher, of 
Mason, New Hampshire ; Clara, married 
Enos Smith Stockbridge, a prominent at- 
torney of Baltimore, Maryland;" Albert 
B., whose name heads this sketch. 

Albert Barnes Franklin, Jr., son of 
Albert Barnes and Helen Frances (Jen- 



ness) Franklin, was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, January 22, 1877. He attended 
the public schools of Melrose, spent three 
years in Andover Academy, from which 
he was graduated, then matriculated at 
Amherst College, from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1900 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. While a 
student at the college he was a member 
of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. 
In the year of his graduation he accepted 
a position with the Western Electric 
Company of New York, and the following 
year was made manager of the Barney 
Ventilating Fan Works in Boston, an 
office he filled until October, 1908, when 
he became a special agent for the New 
England Life Insurance Company, and 
retained this position until April i, 1910. 
At that time he became manager for the 
New England Mutual Life Insurance 
Company for the counties of Hampden, 
Hampshire and Franklin, with offices at 
No. I Court House Place, Springfield, 
Massachusetts. He has served as presi- 
dent of the Western Massachusetts Life 
Underwriters' Association. He is a Re- 
publican in his political views, was elected 
a member of the City Council for 191 3- 
14, and in the fall of the last mentioned 
year was elected a member of the Board 
of Aldermen for a term of two years, and 
is serving as a member of the Finance 
Committee. He is a member of Winthrop 
Club, has been a member of the Board of 
Managers of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, and a member of the Finance 
Committee of Park Memorial Baptist 

Mr. Franklin married, in 1903, Edith 
Bradbury, daughter of Benjamin Franklin 
and Sarah (Woodman) Bradbury, the 
former a prominent druggist of Boston. 
Mrs. Franklin was educated at Melrose 
and at the Boston University. She has 
served as president of the Forest Park 

Mothers' Club, and at present is president 
of White Street Mothers' Club, and a 
member of the Prudential Committee of 
the church. The fine residence of the 
family is in Springfield, and was erected 
by Mr. Franklin. Mr. and Mrs. Franklin 
are the parents of the following children : 
Sarah Bradbury, bom in 1907; Albert 
Barnes, the third of the name, bom in 


MBRRIAM, William C B.» 

PmbUo OftoUL 

Among the successful business men 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, is William 
CuUen Bryant Merriam, who is associated 
with a number of enterprises, and who 
has also taken part in the public life of 
the city. 

The surname of Meriam or Merriam is 
derived from two ancient Saxon words — 
Mirige and Ham — ^meaning pleasant or 
merry home. The ancient spelling was 
Merryham, Meriham and Merihan. The 
family was formerly quite numerous in 
England, in County Kent; as early as 
1295 we find the name in England, in 
County Sussex, and frequently afterwards 
in County Kent. 

George H. Merriam, grandfather of 
William C. B. Merriam, was a resident 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, where his 
death also occurred. He was a musician 
by profession, and also a poet of note. 

George F. Merriam, son of George H. 
Merriam, was born in Fitchburg, Massa- 
chusetts, and removed to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, prior to the Civil War. 
He enlisted, Febraary 10, 1864, in Com- 
pany I, Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 
and was in charge of the heavy pontoon 
bridge across the Potomac river. He kept 
a very complete and interesting diary of 
the events of this stirring time, which is 
now in the possession of his son. He was 



honorably discharged from service in Sep- 
tember, 1865. At the close of the war he 
was appointed railMray mail agent, be- 
tween Springfield, Massachusetts, and 
Newport, Vermont, and held this position 
for a period of twenty-three years. He 
was a charter member of the Roswell Lee 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Springfield; commander of Baxter Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic. He was a 
public speaker of considerable ability, and 
at one time stumped the state in the in- 
terests of the Republican party. In asso- 
ciation with a Mr. Livingston, he put in 
an undergroimd telephone, as an experi- 
ment, along Ashley and Cedar streets. 
His death occurred in January, 1892. He 
married Emma M.Wheeler, whose grand- 
father fought in the Revolutionary War. 
Of their eight children, among whom 
there were two sets of twins, all died in 
infancy with the excepton of: G. Frank, 
a resident of Springfield, president of the 
Holyoke Card and Paper Company, and 
a bank director, who married Ida Towne, 
of Springfield, and William Cullen Bryant, 
of whom further. 

William Cullen Bryant Merriam was 
born in Springfield, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1872. He was the youngest 
child of his parents, and at a suitable age 
commenced his education at the public 
schools. Later he became a student at 
Moody's School at Mount Hermon, and 
when he had completed his education 
there he took up the study of pharmacy. 
For a time he acted as a relief clerk, then 
purchased the drug business of Mr. 
Vaughn, at the comer of Main and Adams 
streets, removing to the Winthrop Block 
in 1907, where he still continues. He is 
now serving his second term as president 
of the Springfield Pharmacists' Associa- 
tion, after having been secretary of this 
organization four years. He is now serv- 
ing his second three-year term as secre- 

tary of the board of trustees of the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
and is secretary of the building committee 
having in charge the new Springfield 
Lodge Building on State street. He is 
a member of the Sons of Veterans and of 
the Sons of the American Revolution. He 
is a staunch supporter of the Republican 
party, was elected from the Sixth Ward 
a member of the common council of 
Springfield, and entered upon the duties 
of this office, January, 1915. He is a 
member of the enrollment committee and 
of the committee of elections and returns. 
Mr. Merriam married, in June, 1909, 
May Belle Brown, daughter of Frank I. 
and Ella (Corliss) Brown, and they re- 
side at No. 24 Winthrop street. 

BLANCHARD, Randall Howard, 

The wisdom of specializing on the prac- 
tice of a profession that has developed so 
broadly upon many lines as that of medi- 
cine and surgery cannot be gainsaid and 
is being more resorted to each year. Dr. 
Randall Howard Blanchard, of Pittsfield, 
whose name introduces this sketch, is a 
practitioner of that type. The family from 
which he is descended is an old one, and 
its origin is interesting. 

The word Blanchard was applied to an 
order of Friars who used to go about 
ordinarily clothed in white sheets (French 
word blanche, meaning white), but a 
wider application of the word followed, 
and any person affecting white raiment 
was called a blanchard. The surname 
was derived doubtless from the applica- 
tion of the name to distinguish the 
progenitors from others of the same per- 
sonal name. The family in England is 
ancient but not extensive. The coat-of- 
arms borne by the family in Wiltshire 
and Somersetshire is slightly varied by 



the family at Grimmsargh Hall, Lancas- 
ter» England. Arms : Gules a chevron or 
in chief two bezants in base a griffin's 
head erased of the second. Crest : On the 
point of a sword in pale a mullet. 

Enos Blanchardy grandfather of Dr. 
Blanchard, was a resident of Cumberland, 
or nearby towns, Maine, was a sea cap- 
tain, spending all his life at sea, and died 
at the age of eighty years. He married 

Jane , also of that section, and 

their children, all of whom are living at 
the present time (1915) are as follows: 
Enos ; George ; William, of further men- 
tion; Solomon; Isabel, married Edward 

William Blanchard, son of Enos and 
Jane Blanchard, was born in Cumberland, 
Maine. For many years he was a mer- 
chant, dealing successfully in groceries, 
hay, grain, feed, etc., in Cumberland, 
Maine. He later retired and is now mak- 
ing his home with his son. Dr. Blanchard. 
He married Harriet Sturdivant, who was 
bom in 1850, a descendant of an old Cum- 
berland family. Their only child is the 
subject of this sketch. Mrs. Blanchard 
died in 1899. Mr. Blanchard is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity ; the Improved 
Order of Red Men, of Cumberland; 
Knights of Pythias ; and the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, at Portland, Maine. 

Dr. Randall Howard Blanchard, son of 
William and Harriet (Sturdivant) Blan- 
chard, was born at Portland, Maine, May 
3, 1872. He received his initial schooling 
in Portland, and took his academic course 
at St. Johnsbury, during which latter 
period he decided upon the adoption of 
the medical profession, and took up the 
study of medicine in conjunction with his 
general studies under the preceptorship 
of Dr. J. E. Hartshorn, a leading physi- 
cian of that locality. In 1893 he entered 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College (since 
merged with the Medical Department of 

New York University), and was gradu- 
ated with the class of 1896. During the 
following year he had the advantage of 
service in various hospitals of New York 
City, and then entered upon general prac- 
tice at Deering, Maine, where he remain- 
ed for one year. His preceptor. Dr. Hart- 
shorn, having in the meantime specialized 
his practice to diseases of the eye, ear, 
nose and throat. Dr. Blanchard deter- 
mined upon following in his footsteps, 
and pursued his subsequent studies along 
these lines under Dr. Hartshorn, adding 
thereto the prescribed clinical course in 
Dr. Knapp's Hospital, and in the New 
York Ophthalmic and Aural Institute. 
He then established himself in practice in 
St. Johnsbury, where he remained until 
1902, when he came to Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, where he has since made his 
residence, and here he has built up a very 
large practice and is recognized as a 
leader in his specialties, and is widely 
and favorably known in Western Massa- 
chusetts. He is one of the staff of physi- 
cians of the House of Mercy, Pittsfield. 
He was formerly a member of the Maine 
Medical Society, and since 1903 has been 
a member of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, the American Medical Associ- 
ation, and of the Park Club. His fraternal 
affiliation is with Crescent Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, of Pittsfield, and 
with the Royal Arch Chapter and Com- 
mandery of that order. 

Dr. Blanchard married, June 16, 1899, 
Caroline Harris, born in Portland, a 
daughter of John S. and Abbie Harris, of 
Portland, Maine, the former a well known 
accountant now living retired. Children : 
Norman Harris, Kenneth William, Ran- 
dall Howard and Caroline Sturdivant 
The family residence is at No. 40 Com- 
monwealth avenue. 



DAMON, AI01120 WiUard, 

From a worthy line of New England 
ancestry, Alonzo WiUard Damon inherits 
the temperament, intellectual force and 
fidelity which have made him a leader 
among the business men of the Old Bay 
State. The name is of French origin, and 
is found at Blois and Cherbourg, France, 
in very early records. It appears as 
d'Amon and Damen, and in the early 
records of Scituate, Massachusetts, it is 
spelled Daman and in several other forms. 

John Damon, the immigrant, came 
from Kent, England, whence many of the 
settlers of Scituate came, while a youth, 
with his guardian, William Gilson, accom- 
panied by his sister Hannah. Their 
mother was a sister of Gilson. They 
appear to be related to John Damon, of 
Reading, Massachusetts, a pioneer of that 
town. By will of William Gilson, John 
Damon inherited Gilson's residence on 
Kent street, Scituate, and his lot on the 
"third cliff." Later he and his sister were 
declared sole heirs of William Gilson, who 
died childless. John Damon was an edu- 
cated man, and filled important stations 
in the Plymouth Colony, serving as assist- 
ant, and was in the Governor's Council. 
In the Indian wars he commanded the 
Scituate troops at the same time that 
Miles Standish was in command at Ply- 
mouth. He married (first) Katharine, 
daughter of Henry Merritt; (second) 
Martha Howland, of Plymouth, who sur- 
vived him, and married (second) Peter 
Bacon, of Taunton. Children of first mar- 
riage: Deborah; John, baptized in 
Scituate, where he made his home, and 
married Ludy Bowker, a daughter of 
John and Ann (Wright) Bowker, and 
their children were: Simeon, bom Au- 
gust 25, 1 781; Elijah, mentioned below; 

Lucy, November 19, 1784; Delight Bow- 
ker, October 25, 1786; Daniel, November 
25, 1788; Ruth, October 4, 1790; Lydia, 
baptized May 22, 1791 ; Jude Litchfield, 
born August 19, 1792; Samuel Litchfield, 
August 9, 1794; Anna, August 12, 1796. 

Elijah Damon, second son of John and 
Lucy (Bowker) Damon, was born Janu- 
ary I, 1783, in Scituate, where he married, 
November 24, 181 1, Sally Sears, bom 
August 21, 1784, in Scituate, daughter of 
Peter and Susan (Collamore) Sears, of 
that town. Five children are recorded 
in Scituate: Davis, mentioned below; 
Sarah, bom October 15, 1814; Lucy, May 
23, 1817; Hosea, April 29, 1819; Susan- 
nah Collamore, May 30, 1824. 

Davis Damon, eldest child of Elijah and 
Sarah (Sears) Damon, was bom July 5, 
1812, in Scituate, and lived in that part of 
the town now set oflF as the town of Nor- 
well. He married in his native town, 
Lucy Damon, born June 9, 1816, daughter 
of Luther and Alice (Nash) Damon, of 
Scituate. Two children arc recorded in 
Scituate : Lucy Ann, bom July 22, 1845, 
and Alonzo Willard, of further mention. 

Alonzo Willard Damon was bom Feb- 
ruary II, 1847, *^ South Scituate, now 
Norwell, Massachusetts. He received his 
educational training in the public schools 
of Boston, where he made the best use 
of his opportunities in preparing for an 
active life, toward which his ambition 
beckoned. At the age of fifteen years he 
began his insurance career by entering 
the office of the Washington Fire & Mar- 
ine Insurance Company, as a clerk. 
Here his industrious application and 
ready grasp of details gained the favor- 
able notice of his superiors and he was 
rapidly promoted until, in 1880, he was 
made secretary of the company. This 
position he filled with notable efficiency 
for a period of seven years, when he re- 



signed to become special agent of the 
Franklin Insurance Company of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania. After one year of 
this service he transferred his activities 
to the service of the Springfield Fire & 
Marine Insurance Company, of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, with which he has 
been identified up to the present time. 
As a practical insurance man he has few 
equals in the field, and he readily 
advanced in position with the company 
from his first connection with it. From 
1891 to 1895 he filled the office of assistant 
secretary, and was elevated to the presi- 
dency in 1895. During his connection 
with it, the Springfield Fire & Marine 
Insurance Company has made rapid 
growth, and has come to be the largesj;' 
fire insurance organization in the Com- 
monwealth. To Mr. Damon is due the 
credit for much of this prosperity, and he 
is recognized among insurance men of the 
United States as a leader in his especial 
line. That this estimation of the ability 
of Mr. Damon is a widespread one, the 
following extract from an article on the 
Springfield Fire & Marine Insurance 
Company, which appeared in "The Insur- 
ance Journal and New England Under- 
writer," the oldest insurance journal 
established and continuously published in 
New England, in the issue of March 19, 

itlined cottld have been 
uiderwriting and execn- 
le highest order. The 
mpany — the past twenty 
cting hand of President 
t, it is not too much to 
le success achieved has 
masterful management, 
been, by a corps of able, 
assistants — a condition 
accomplishment. Mr. 
erywhere as the peer of 
and company managers 
iver produced. He has 

had more than fifty yean' continuoot experience 
in insurance work, having begun as a clerk in 
the office of a Boston company in 1863. After 
twenty-Gve years' service there, during whidi 
time he rose to the official position of secretKr; 
of the company, he had several years' experi- 
ence in the New England field at special agent, 
from which he wa* called to the home office of 
the Springfield Fire and Marine Insurance Com- 
pany to fill the position of assisunt secreUry, 
and from which he was advanced to the presi- 
dency, as already suted, in 1895. Ur. Damon'* 
qualifications for the position he has filled for 
twenty years with so much credit to himself and 
his company are not confined, however, to his 
underwriting and executive ability. He has ad- 
mittedly bnt few if any superiors as a financier, 
his notable success in handling the cootpany't 
large assets in a manner to produce the best pos- 
sible results, having won unstinted praiae from 
repTcsentative flnancien and insurance company 
officials in all parU of the country. The com- 
pany's annual statements of income bear fur- 
ther incontrovertible witness to his exceptitma] 
acumen in handling investments. By the work 
one knows the workman. 

In 1910-1911 Mr. Damon served as 
president of the National Board of Fire 
Underwriters. His company occupies a 
splendid building in Springfield, one of 
the finest in the world, devoted exclusive- 
ly to the care and prosecution of its own 
business. Mr. Damon is interested in 
several business enterprises of Spring- 
field, to whose prosperity his fine execu- 
tive ability has contributed in no small 
degree. He is a director of the Third 
National Bank of Springfield, and a trus- 
tee of the Springfield Institution for 
Saving, and the New England Investment 
& Security Company. He is also a 
director of the Springfield Street Rail- 
way Company, the Holyoke Water 
Power Company and the Cheney-Bigelow 
Wire Works. Mr. Damon appreciates 
the duty of every American citizen to 
participate in the control of public affairs 
through the ballot, but does not desire 
political station. He acts with the Repub- 




T r 

I ^l.- 


lican party, and has consented to serve 
his city as a member of its Sinking Fund 
Commission. . 

Mr; Damon married, in Boston, in 
1869, Marie Snow Higgins, who died in 
1871 after the birth of a son, Willard 
Sweetser, who died in Springfield, May 
24, 1892. 

DAGGETT, WUUam Henry, 

CUef of Sprlnsfleld Fire Department. 

William Henry Daggett is descended 
from a family which is very ancient in 
England, where the name appears to be 
generally spelled iq the form used by him, 
though sometimes written Doget. Nu- 
merous families of the name have been 
traced for many generations in England 
in widely separated sections of the king- 

The American ancestor was John Dag- 
gett, baptized November i, 1602, in Box- 
ford, Suffolk, England. He came with 
Governor Winthrop's fleet to America in 
1630, and died at Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, in May, 1673. No record has been 
found of his first marriage, which un- 
doubtedly occurred in England. He mar- 
ried (second) in Plymouth, a widow, 
Bathsheba Pratt. His second son, Thomas 
Daggett, born about 1630, in Watertown, 
Massachusetts, settled on Martha's Vine- 
yard as early as 1652, and died there 1691. 
He married, in 1657, Hannah, daughter 
of Governor Thomas and Jane Mayhew, 
of Edgartown, born June 15, 1635, in 
Watertown, died in Edgartown, 1722. 
Their third son, John Daggett, born 1662, 
in Edgartown, was a yeoman, tanner and 
innholder, and died in Attleboro, Massa- 
chusetts, September 7, 1724. He mar- 
ried, about 1685, Sarah Norton, and they 
were the parents of Ebenezer Daggett, 
bom August 29, 1690, on Martha's Vine- 

yard, died at Attleboro, August 30, 1740. 
Like his father he was a husbandman, 
tanner and innkeeper. He married, in 
Attleboro, November 9, 1721, Mary, 
daughter of Penticost Blackinton, bom 
November 25, 1698, in Marblehead, Mas- 
sachusetts, died December i, 1772, in 
Attleboro. Their third son, Samuel Dag- 
gett, bom January 3, 1731, in Attleboro, 
died at Schuylerville, New York, in Au- 
gust, 1806. He settled first in Needham, 
Massachusetts, and is described as gentle- 
man and yeoman. He married, in Need- 
ham, March 6, 1750, Abial, daughter of 
Nathaniel Kingsbury. Their fifth son 
was Ebenezer Daggett, bom May 16, 
1762, in Needham, a blacksmith by trade, 
died in Jordan, New York, 1845. He 
married Jennett, daughter of David and 
Lydia (Brattan) Paterson, bom April 24, 
1767, in Enfield Massachusetts, died May 
13, 1848, in Jordan. Their second son, 
Moses Daggett, born April 7, 1796, in 
Enfield, was a blacksmith and carriage 
maker, residing in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he died April 18, 1876, in the 
beginning of his eighty-first year. He 
married (first) Lovisa, daughter of Joel 
Pinney, bom 1800, in Somers Connecticut, 
died March 6, 1857, in Springfield. Their 
eldest son was Francis Daggett, born 
April 16, 1832, in Springfield, an armorer 
of that city, where he died in 1902. He 
learned the trade of blacksmith with his 
father, and went to California in 1850. 
Returning to his native city, he enlisted 
as a soldier of the Civil War in Company 
I, Third Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 
and was attached to the engineering 
department. He was a Congregationalist 
in religion, and his wife a Methodist. 
He married, in New Britain, Connecticut, 
October 27, 1857, Elizabeth Ann, daugh- 
ter of Edwin and Mary Ann (Ellis) 
Belden, bom October 2, 1836, in New 



Britain, died 1896. Edwin Belden re- 
moved to Texas and his wife died and 
was buried where the city of Dallas, in 
that State, now stands. After forty-five 
years' residence in the South, he died in 
South Carolina, to which State he had a 
few years before removed. Their daugh- 
ter, Mary Ann, was but two years of age 
when her mother died, and was sent back 
to Connecticut, where she was reared by 
relatives. Children of Francis and Eliza- 
beth A. Daggett : William Henry, men- 
tioned below ; Charles M., now a resident 
of Boise City, Idaho, where he has been 
for thirty years a music dealer; George, 
James, Sarah and Jennie, died in child- 

William Henry Daggett, eldest child of 
Francis and Elizabeth Ann (Belden) 
Daggett, was bom October 24, 1858, in 
Springfield, where he grew up, and 
attended the grammar school and Bur- 
nett's English and Classical Institute, 
where he attended two years after leav- 
ing the grammar school. On attaining 
his majority he found employment in the 
Smith & Wesson Fire Arms Company, of 
Springfield, and was subsequently em- 
ployed, for a period of twelve years, as 
an inspector in the United States Armory. 
At the age of twenty-one years he joined 
the call force of the Springfield Fire 
Department, and under the reorganiza- 
tion of the department was made deputy 
chief, in March, 1894. He continued to 
serve in this capacity until February, 
1908, when he became chief of the Spring- 
field Fire Department. It is a well estab- 
lished and undisputed fact that no city 
in the United States, if indeed in the 
world, the size of Springfield has a more 
efHcient department or one better equip- 
ped. Every apparatus is run under its 
own power, no horses being used, and the 
apparatus is all of the very latest design, 

and in his official capacity Chief Daggett 
is ever alert to any improvement and his 
judgment is accepted as always for the 
best interests of the city and its protec- 
tion. He is a member of Rosalie Lodge» 
Free and Accepted Masons, also of Pyn- 
chon Council, No. 1368, and of the Royal 
Arcanum. Politically a lifelong Repub- 
lican, he has ever taken an active interest 
in political affairs, has given the best 
years of his life to the fire protection of 
his native city, this having taken all his 
time and attention. In his time the de- 
partment has been greatly expanded, and 
is now equipped with modern buildings 
and apparatus including auto fire trucks, 
individual rooms for the men of the force, 
and every convenience known to the 

He married, November, 1892, Genevieve 
M. Flynn, daughter of Jeremiah D. and 
Annie (Crowl) Flynn, a native of Wheel- 
ing, West Virginia. During the Civil 
War, Mrs. Daggett came to Springfield 
with her grandparents, her mother being 
then deceased. Children: i. Roswell 
Belden, born April 12, 1896; graduated 
February, 1914, at the Technical High 
School of Springfield, with the highest 
standing of any one ever graduated from 
that school, and is now registered at 
Dartmouth College. 2. Robert True, bom 
July IS, 1904; now a student of the 
Springfield public schools. 

YOUNG, Charles L., 

The attributes that go to make up a 
successful life are many — ^high character, 
integrity of purpose, perseverance, ability, 
and a determination to succeed. All 
these virile qualities find exemplification 
in high degree in the person of Colonel 
Charles L. Young, a representative citizen 




of Springfield, Massachusetts, where he is born in Columbus, Ohio, May 23, 1850. 

held in high esteem in the best business, 
political and social circles. 

His father, William H. Young, was a 
native of Virginia, born in Charlestown 
(now West Virginia), August 18, 1819. 
He was reared and educated in his native 
city, and in young manhood removed to 
Columbus, Ohio, where he followed his 
trade, that of a carpenter. His ability and 
skill gained for him a high reputation, 
and he came to be one of the prominent 
contractors and builders of the city, many 
of its finest buildings and private resi- 
dences standing as monuments to his 
masterly workmanship. In religion he 
was a Methodist, and attended the Wesley 
Church. He was a prominent member of 
various fraternal bodies, among them be- 
ing : Central Lodge, No. 23, of which he 
was past grand ; also Capitol Encampment, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in 
which he had filled all the chairs and was 
past chief patriarch; Algonquin Tribe, 
Improved Order of Red Men, of which 
he was past sachem; Joseph Dowdall 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias, in which as 
in all the previous orders he had passed 
all the chairs, and was past chancellor. 

Mr. Young married Maria Biddle, born 
in North Radnorshire, Wales, November 
27, 1819, died in 1893, a daughter of John 
Biddle, who came to this country accom- 
panied by his family when his daughter 
Maria was four years of age, locating in 
Richwood, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Young 
had children: George H., a resident of 
Evans, Colorado; Elvira K., deceased; 
Mary E., who married Edwin Lawrence, 
of Columbus, Ohio ; Charles L., see next 
paragraph ; Alfred Kelley, deceased ; Mar- 
garet A., married G. F. Ramsey, of 
Columbus, Ohio ; Joseph. 

Colonel Charles L. Young, son of Wil- 
liam H. and Maria (Biddle) Young, was 

He acquired a practical education in the 
schools of Columbus, completing his 
education in the high school. His first 
employment was as errand boy with the 
firm of Walkup & Ury, entering their 
service, January 15, 1864, and remaining 
until 1869, during which time his efficient 
and capable service secured him advance- 
ment to the head clerkship of this concern. 
Afterward for a number of years he was a 
traveling salesman for the firm of Jones 
& Company, manufacturers of and whole- 
sale dealers in boots and shoes, his terri- 
tory extending from. Western New York 
to Denver, Colorado. He then removed 
to Springfield, Massachusetts. Here he 
became one of the organizers of the C. 
W. Mutell Manufacturing Company, of 
which he was chosen president, serving 
in that capacity until November 21, 1892, 
when he disposed of his interest in the 
company. The following year he served 
as secretary of the Odd Fellows Mutual 
Relief Association, one of the leading 
societies of its kind in the New England 
States, and then entered into business 
relations with L. H. Hosley for the manu- 
facture and sale of society goods, prin- 
cipally lodge and society regalia and 
paraphernalia. This enterprise was a 
success from the outset, its business in- 
creasing in volume and importance from 
year to year, until they took rank among 
the leading manufacturers in that special 
line. In the meantime he had given his 
spare hours to reading law, and on March 
I3» 1899, he was admitted to the bar. 
This accomplishment is particularly 
worthy of note, as he was now about fifty 
years of age. That he should have so suc- 
cessfully prepared himself for a new 
career at such an age affords a fine 
exemplification of the ambition and indus- 
try that possessed him — a course of con- 



duct most rare at such an age. He im- 
mediately entered upon practice, and had 
soon secured the patronage of a large and 
important clientele, in whose interests he 
is now industriously engaged. His stand- 
ing in his profession is further evidenced 
by his membership in the National Bar 

Aside from his various business inter- 
ests, Colonel Young has been a prominent 
figure in political life. A Republican in 
politics, he was known as a forceful and 
eloquent speaker, and has been in great 
demand for service on the stump. While 
a resident of Columbus, he made a suc- 
cessful campaign through Ohio, under 
the auspices of the Republican State 
Central Committee, and after his removal 
to Massachusetts he was similarly en- 
gaged by the Republican Committee of 
that State. In Columbus he served two 
years as a police commissioner; later he 
was a candidate for the office of county 
clerk in Franklin county, but was de- 
feated at the polls, his party being in the 
minority. In 1895-96 he was elected and 
served as a member of the Massachusetts 
General Court, representing the Seventh 
Hampden District. 

Colonel Young has made a unique 
record in fraternal circles, having attain- 
ed high rank in many of the most import- 
ant orders in which he has ever taken 
a keen interest, possessing a thorough 
knowledge of their histories and pur- 
poses. While a resident of Columbus he 
became a member of Central Lodge, No. 
23, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and held all the various offices in the 
subordinate lodge together with those of 
the encampment, and was advanced to the 
highest office within the gift of the Grand 
Lodge of the State — that of grand master 
which exalted station he occupied during 
the years 1884-85. He served as a repre- 

sentative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
at the sessions held in Columbus, Ohio, 
and Topeka, Kansas, in 1888-89, ^^^ ^^s 
appointed on the stafiF of Lieutenant- 
General John C. Underwood, as assistant 
quartermaster, with the rank of major. 
He was also colonel of the Third Regi- 
ment, Patriarchs Militant, which rank he 
now holds. He has attained the much- 
coveted thirty-second degree in Masonry, 
and is a member of the Blue Lodge, 
Chapter, Council, Commandery, Lodge of 
Perfection, Princes of Jerusalem, Rose 
Croix, and the Cincinnati Consistory. He 
is also past potentate of Melha Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine; past commander of 
Hampden Commandery, Knights of 
Malta; member of Adelphi Chapter, 
Order of the Eastern Star; Ousamequin 
Tribe, Improved Order of Red Men, in 
which he attained the position of past 
great representative to the Great Council 
of the United States ; past grand chancel- 
lor of Springfield Lodge, No. 63, Knights 
of Pythias, and past grand chancellor of 
the State ; past representative to the Na- 
tional Camp of the Patriotic Sons of 
America ; member of the Loyal Order of 
Moose ; the Royal Arcanum ; the Pilgrim 
Fathers ; the New England Order of Pro- 
tection and Bela Grotto, and other orders. 
He also holds membership in the Spring- 
field Board of Trade, the Masonic Club 
of Springfield, the Automobile Club of 
Springfield, the Republican Club, the 
Toledo Traveling Men's Association, and 
is past grand councillor of the Commer- 
cial Travelers' Association of America, 
and past president of the Springfield 
Division of the Travelers' Protective As- 
sociation. He is also an associate member 
of E. K. Wilcox Post, Grand Army of the 
Republic, is often the invited orator on 
Memorial Day, and pays eloquent tribute 

1 10 


to the citizen soldiery of 1 861-1865, who 
under Lincoln, were the saviors of the 
Union. His warm, patriotic feeling was 
made manifest practically at the outbreak 
of the Spanish-American War. When the 
call for troops was made, he organized a 
provisional company, of which he was 
elected captain. His company was assign- 
ed to the Armory, and, not being called 
to the front, was honorably discharged 
at the close of the war. 

Colonel Young married (first) at 
Worthington, Ohio, October i, 1872, Cora 
E. Richardson, who died July i, 1908. 
Children: i. Elva, studied law and was 
admitted to the bar ; for several years she 
conducted a successful practice ; later she 
married Charles T. Van Winkle, and they 
reside in Salt Lake City, Utah. 2. 
Charles, is a mining engineer, residing in 
Durango, Colorado. 3. Elizabeth, resides 
in Springfield, where she is a practicing 
physician, and is recognized as one hav- 
ing ample professional knowledge and a 
genuine love for her calling. Colonel 
Young married (second) March 5, 1910, 
Jessie Leigh, a prominent soprano solo- 
ist of Hartford, Connecticut. 

Colonel Young has traveled extensive- 
ly through many foreign countries, as 
well as his own land. At various times, 
on his return from such visits, he has 
delighted large audiences with his illus- 
trated lectures. 

CARMICHAEL, John Rosea, 

Phyaieiaii, Hospital Oftelal. 

Dr. John Hosea Carmichael, of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, is a descendant of a 
Scotch ancestry. 

The immigrant ancestor of Dr. Car- 
michael was John Carmichael, a native 
of Scotland, reared and educated there, 
who, upon attaining man^s estate, emi- 

grated to this country, accompanied by 
his brother, who located in the State of 
Georgia. John Carmichael took up his 
residence at Sand Lake, Rensselaer 
county. New York, where he devoted 
himself to agricultural pursuits and 
achieved success. His wife, who was a 
Miss Canfield, bore him a number of 
children, among them being William, of 
further mention. 

Captain William Carmichael, son of 
John Carmichael, and father of Dr. John 
Hosea Carmichael, was bom at Sand 
Lake, New York, in 1780. He followed 
in the footsteps of his father, becoming an 
agriculturist at a suitable age, conducting 
his operations on a farm consisting of 
some two hundred and fifty acres, and in 
addition to this conducted a business in 
real estate. He followed these lines for a 
number of years, but subsequently, in 
association with his son-in-law. Dr. Jud- 
son, of West Sand Lake, he engaged in 
the manufacturing business, which also 
proved a highly lucrative enterprise, he 
being a man of great executive ability, 
mechanical genius of a high order and an 
inventive mind. To him is due the credit 
of making the first cast iron ploughshare 
and mould board, which he placed on ex- 
hibition in Boston and which attracted 
considerable notice and comment. For a 
number of years he served as justice of 
the peace, and head surveyor receiving 
the latter appointment from the govern- 
ment, but was compelled to retire from 
the same by reason of impaired health. 
He was a Democrat in politics, a Baptist 
in religion, and an active and prominent 
member of the order of Free and Accept- 
ed Masons. He was an active participant 
in the War of 18 12, receiving his rank as 
captain as a reward for bravery. Captain 
Carmichael married Mary Kelley, of 
Irish parentage, a native of Nassau, New 



York, bom in 1826, died in 1868, survived 
by her husband, who passed away in 
1876, having attained the venerable age 
of ninety-six years. They were the 
parents of seven children who lived to 
adult age ; the eldest of these — 

Dr. John Hosea Carmichael was bom 
at Sand Lake, Rensselaer county, New 
York, January 29, 1851. His elementary 
education was acquired in the public 
schools of his native place, which he at- 
tended until his graduation in his fifteenth 
year. He was then a pupil at Schram's 
Academy, at Sand Lake, from which he 
was graduated the following year, 1867, 
followed a higher course of study at the 
Nassau Academy, from which he was 
graduated in the same year. Having thus 
qualified himself for the profession of 
teaching, he accepted a position in a 
school at Old Chatham, where he taught 
one year. Another year was then spent 
in teaching at Lebanon Springs, after 
which he taught school at Sand Lake dur- 
ing the winter months. He then com- 
menced a course of study in the office of 
Dr. Oliver J. Peck, of North Chatham, 
New York, continued with this physician 
until 1873, at the same time pursuing a 
course of study in the Medical Depart- 
ment of the Union University, at Albany, 
from which institution he was graduated 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, 
February 24, 1873. Some time was also 
spent in the office of Dr. J. M. Bigelow. 
Dr. Carmichael selected Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts, as the scene of his professional 
activity, and was a resident of that city 
until 1876, was in practice there until his 
removal to Warren, Massachusetts, where 
he was in active practice until 1878, when 
he took a post-graduate course at the 
New York Homoeopathic Hospital, and 
the College of Physician and Surgeons, 
also of New York. He made a specialty 
of surgery, and was one of the first physi- 

cians of Worcester to perform operations 
in abdominal surgery. In January, 1883, 
he took up his residence in Boston, and 
in June, 1884, removed to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, where he has since been 
in practice. 

Dr. Carmichael was one of the pro- 
moters of the Hampden Homoeopathic 
Hospital (later Wesson Memorial Hospi- 
tal), of which Daniel B. Wesson, of 
Springfield, was the benefactor. Dr. Car- 
michael received the appointment of 
surgeon-in-chief of the hospital, and still 
serves in that capacity. It is at the 
present time (1915) one of the finest and 
best equipped of its class in the State of 
Massachusetts, having accommodation 
for seventy-five patients. Dr. Carmichael 
is a member of the Surgical and Gyne- 
cological Society of Boston, and served 
as president in 1884; of the Worcester 
County Homoeopathic Society, of which 
he was president in 1879 ; of the Western 
Massachusetts Homeopathic Medical So- 
ciety was president in 1885 ; the American 
Institute of Homeopathy, the Massachu- 
setts Homeopathic Medical Society; also 
member of the American College of Sur- 
geons. He also holds membership in 
Springfield Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons; the Nyasset Club; Masonic 
Club; and the Springfield Driving Club, 
of which he is president. He is connected 
with the Highland Baptist Church, and 
his political allegiance is given to the 
Republican party. 

Dr. Carmichael married, at New Leb- 
anon, New York, March 17, 1875, Anna 
Elizabeth Spencer, bom March 13, 1854, 
daughter of Charles Harrison and Pauline 
Elizabeth Spencer, of that town, where 
the father was a successful tiller of the 
soil. They have one child : Pauline, born 
July 21, 1892. Mrs. Carmichael is also a 
member of the Highland Baptist Church, 
and of the Woman's Club. She has taken 




a very prominent part in charitable and 
church affairs for the past thirty years. 
She is president of the Home for the 
Friendless, also of the Home for Friend- 
less Women and Children, and has been a 
leading spirit in promoting the welfare of 
these institutions. She is a member of 
the corporation of the Home for the Aged, 
and of a number of church organizations 
connected with the Highland Baptist 

MOORE, Mary Noble, 

Svoeessfnl BnslaeM Wo; 

From the quiet of a New Hampshire 
farm to the management of a large and 
prosperous business in a bustling city like 
Lynn, Massachusetts, is indeed a trans- 
formation and one that could only be 
eflFected by a strong, self-reliant and 
capable person. Yet this is the life 
story of Mary Noble Moore, caterer, 
manufacturer and retail dealer in ice 
cream and candies. Her success in the 
business world has been remarkable, but 
she is a woman remarkable in her energy, 
quick decision, sound business judgment, 
'progressive spirit and determination to 
excel. Such traits must win success in 
any field and in their application to the 
work her hands found to do, her success 
is due, not to fortuitous circumstances 
nor to one lucky turn of the wheel of 
fortune. From the very beginning of her 
venture into the business world she has 
been a worker. She mastered every detail 
of a small business, and excellence in 
every department was her standard. A 
great factor in her success has been her 
wonderful power to drop the cares of 
business and thoroughly give herself to 
whatever recreation she was taking, driv- 
ing with horse or motor, canoeing or rest- 
ing at her beautiful home in Swampscott. 
She has proved her right to a place in the 

MASS-Vol. IV-8 I 

business world and now that her ambition 
is realized she is deliberately curtailing it, 
in pursuance of a determination to keep 
her operations within a limit that will 
allow her a certain measure of freedom 
for social life and travel. Hence the 
wholesale manufacture of ice cream at 
her Sewall street factory has been dis- 
continued and her entire business concen- 
trated under one roof at 91 Market street, 
her beautiful store temptingly inviting 

Mary Noble Moore was born at Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, and spent her 
early life upon her father's farm. She is 
the daughter of Charles and Lucy (Noble) 
Barber, and granddaughter of John and 
Lucy Noble, the Barbers and the Nobles 
of old Maine and New Hampshire lineage. 
Charles Barber was born near Biddeford, 
Maine, but being left an orphan at an 
early age, grew up with the Mundy 
family of Topsfield, Massachusetts. There 
he became familiar with live stock deal- 
ing, a knowledge that he applied after 
settling on his own farm at Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire. He did not marry until 
forty years of age, his bride being about 
the same age. They were members of 
the Episcopal church, Mrs. Barber, a 
talented musician, being church organist. 

Their daughter, Mary Noble, early de- 
veloped a strong healthy, active body, and 
was her father's business assistant when 
but a girl, her genius for business assert- 
ing itself at the earliest opportunity. At 
the age of nineteen years she married and 
moved to Lynn, Massachusetts. Soon 
after coming to Lynn a small catering 
business was started, from which has 
grown the magnificent business of to-day. 
Mrs. Moore has made her greatest suc- 
cess during the past ten years, during 
which time she has been alone in the busi- 
ness. She has kept her confectionery 
business, the oldest in Lynn, in the lead 



and to this end has used every endeavor. 
She has enlarged it several times, added 
new departments and established a whole- 
sale ice cream business with a factory on 
Sewall street which was recently sold. 
It has been her special pride to have the 
latest and best in furnishings and modern 
store equipment. The first electric egg 
beater in the city was installed in her 
store, a generator for the soda fountain 
put in, and two soda fountains have been 
discarded for a third which was installed 
under her supervision and plans. The 
store is most inviting in its perfect ap- 
pointments, the candies temptingly dis- 
played and all in exquisite taste. The 
ice cream parlor in the rear of the store 
is a delightful resting place, its decoration 
having been according to Mrs. Moore's 
taste and designs. She conducts her busi- 
ness along the best modern lines and has 
her large force of salesmen and sales- 
ladies thoroughly imbued with her own 
spirit of enthusiasm and desire to excel, 
some of them having been with her ever 
since she started in business. 

Her greatest delight is in her home and 
so perfectly has she every detail of her 
business systematized that she can now 
devote days at a time to domestic life. 
Her home in Swampscott is connected by 
wire with her store, so that she can 
always and quickly be communicated 
with, should an emergency arise. She is 
fond of motoring, drives her own car, and 
from the old farm days brings a love for 
the light harness horse, usually owning 
one or more speedy ones. The White 
Mountains especially appeal to her in 
their summer beauty and she has an 
intimate acquaintance with their every 
feature. She is a woman of culture, edu- 
cated at Kingston, New Hampshire, and 
Somerville, Massachusetts, possesses the 
womanly graces and accomplishments, is 
a member of St. Stephen's Protestant 

Episcopal Church, is kindly and sympa- 
thetic, enjoys social life and has many 
friends. She works hard but intelligently, 
and has many plans for the future and in- 
tends now that prosperity has been won 
to thoroughly recompense herself for the 
years spent in winning it. Yet she does 
not regret those years of toil, but rejoices 
in the fact that she was strong enough 
mentally and physically to meet responsi- 
bility courageously and to conquer. 

POTTER, Charles Samuel, 

Pvblio OAelaL 

Charles Samuel Potter, manager of the 
Hampden Lumber Company since its or- 
ganization in 1902, is numbered among 
Springfield's active and successful busi- 
ness men. He is a representative of one 
of the; pldj^st families of New England, 
being in direct line of descent from Na- 
thaniel Potter, who was born in England, 
and settled in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
in 1634. 

Nathaniel Potter, son of the Nathaniel 
Potter, mentioned above, was bom in 
Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in October, 
1637* died October 20, 1704.. and was the 
first American bom ancestor of this 
family. He married Elizabeth Stokes. 

Nathaniel Potter, son of Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth (Stokes) Potter, was born at 
Dartmouth, Massachusetts, November 
12, 1669, and died November 16, 1736. 
He married Joan Wilbur, who was born 
in the year 1661, and died in 1731. 

William Potter, son of Nathaniel and 
Joan (Wilbur) Potter, was born in Dart- 
mouth, Massachusetts, in 1689, the date 
of his death not being of record. He mar- 
ried Mary Browning. 

David Potter, son of William and Mary 
(Browning) Potter, was born in Dart- 
mouth, Massachusetts, February 13, 1722, 
and died April 11, 1801. He married, Jan- 








\M HfcW VrHK 

1 O .^ L«l W 



uary 5, 1749, Susanna Barber, a daughter 
of Richard Barber. 

Philip Potter, son of David and Susan- 
na (Barber) Potter, was born in Rich- 
mond, Rhode Island, September 13, 1753, 
and died October 14, 1824. He married, 
April 10, 1777, Abigail Philips, born in 
1756, died in 1834, a daughter of Bartholo- 
mew and Elizabeth Philips. 

Captain Philip Potter, son of Philip and 
Abigail (Philips) Potter, was born in 
Ashford, Connecticut, February 14, 1782, 
and died December 31, 1847. He married 
Hannah, bom in 1781, died in 1854, a 
daughter of Zera and Mary Preston. 

Captain Philip Preston Potter, son of 
Captain Philip and Hannah (Preston) 
Potter, was bom at WiUington, Connecti- 
cut, July 6, 181 1, and died in Springfield, 
January 14, 1901. He was active in mili- 
tary affairs, and served for many years 
as captain in the State militia. In 1825 
he accompanied his parents to Wilbra- 
ham, and was a resident of that town 
sixty-four years. The later years of his 
life were spent in Springfield with his son, 
Timothy D. Potter. He was a man of 
strong character and exceptional business 
ability. During his residence at Wilbra- 
ham he served several times as selectman 
and assessor, and in 1853 represented the 
town in the Legislature. He was one of 
the incorporators, and for many years a 
director, of the Palmer Savings Bank; 
was a Methodist in religion, a Republi- 
can in politics. He was active and suc- 
cessful in any line of business to which 
he turned his attention, whether agricul- 
ture, as a lumber merchant, or a dealer in 
real estate. His honesty was proverbial, 
and his personal statement did not need 
the security of writing to be held good. 
Captain Potter, in partnership with his 
son, Timothy D. Potter, engaged in the 
lumber business in Palmer, in 1866, 
and this concern has been continued to 

the present time. Captain Potter married, 
May 24, 1836, Bethiah B. Walker, born in 
Connecticut, December 5, 181 1, daughter 
of Caleb and Abigail (Dimmock) Walker, 
who came to Belchertown about 1825. 
Caleb Walker, whose father served in 
the Revolutionary War, died in Belcher- 
town in 1853, at the age of seventy-nine 
years. His wife, Abigail (Dimmock) 
Walker, was a daughter of Timothy Dim- 
mock, a native of Willing^on, Connecti- 
cut, who also served in the Revolutionary 
War. Children of Captain and Mrs. Pot- 
ter: I. Timothy D., of further mention. 
2. William W., born July 12, 1842, is a 
resident of Brookline; he married. May 
21, 1873, Isabella Strickland, a teacher 
of Springfield. 3. Abigail Bethiah, born 
October 30, 1844; married, April 8, 1863, 
M. A. Maynard, who was a coal and 
wood dealer of Spring^eld, now retired. 
4. Almena M., born August 8, 1846 ; mar- 
ried George M. Hastings, of Palmer. 5. 
Philip H., born August 20, 1851 ; married, 
September 17, 1873, Clara Murdock. 

Timothy D. Potter, son of Captain 
Philip Preston and Bethiah B. (Walker) 
Potter, was born April 12, 1840. He was 
educated in the common schools and Wil- 
braham Academy, the latter one of the 
oldest Methodist institutions in Western 
Massachusetts. After leaving school Mr. 
Potter spent a short time in the West, 
later returning to Massachusetts, where 
he was engaged in farming and lumber 
operations Belchertown. In 1866, under 
the firm name of P. P. & T. D. Potter, he 
built a saw and planing mill at Bonds- 
ville, and after six years purchased the 
interest of his father in this business. He 
then became a building contractor. In 
1880 he took as a partner in business, 
Rufus L. Bond, an association which 
lasted until 1909, when Mr. Potter pur- 
chased the interest of Mr. Bond, but con- 
tinued the business under the firm name 



of T. D. Potter. Beginning in December, 
1880, Mr. Potter was actively engaged 
for fifteen years in milling operations in 
Michigan, operating mills in Stanton and 
Alger, and for a period of three years 
resided in Stanton. He then, in 1889, re- 
moved to Springfield, where he became 
identified with building operations and 
real estate transactions. In November, 
1893, h^ purchased a controlling interest 
in the A. C. Dutton Lumber Company, 
dealing extensively with the wholesale 
trade. In 1893 he was chosen as treasurer 
of this company. After conducting the 
business successfully for twenty years, 
he disposed of his interest in it, January 
I, 1914. When the Hampden Lumber 
Company was organized in 1902, Mr. Pot- 
ter was elected to the presidency of the 
corporation, and has regularly succeeded 
himself up to the present time (191 5). 
He also operated a mill in Vermont, where 
he is the owner of several thousands of 
acres of timber land. In political matters 
he is a Republican. He is a member and 
trustee of the Wesley Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. While a resident of Palmer, 
he served as selectman for one year, as 
assessor for four years, and in 1878 repre- 
sented the towns of Palmer, Ludlow and 
Wilbraham in the Legislature. He served 
as Sunday school superintendent in Stan- 
ton, Michigan, and in Palmer, Bonds- 
ville and Springfield. He was president 
of the Springfield Young Men's Christian 
Association, and for a number of years 
was one of the directors. In 1908 he was 
a delegate to the Methodist Episcopal 
General Conference at Baltimore. Mr. 
Potter married (first) November 19, 1866, 
Larene E. Howe, born in 1844, died in 
1870, a daughter of George and Irene 
Howe ; she had no children. He married 
(second) April 6, 1871, Laura Ann (Mor- 
gan) Atwood, who died February 26, 
1883, daughter of Israel and Martha Mor- 

gan, and widow of Charles Atwood. He 
married (third) Mrs. Leora A. Albro, 
daughter of Frederick and Harriette A. 
Risley, and widow of the late Henry Al- 
bro. The only children were by the sec- 
ond marriage, and they were: Charles 
Samuel, whose name heads this sketch; 
and Larene Bethiah, who was born at 
Palmer, Massachusetts, March 4, 1875, 
and died October 24, 1881. 

Charles Samuel Potter, son of Timothy 
D. and Laura Ann (Morgan) (Atwood) 
Potter, was born in Palmer, Massachu- 
setts, March 24, 1872. He was educated 
in the public schools of Springfield, and 
at Wilbraham Academy, and upon the 
completion of his education he com- 
menced his business career in the office of 
the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, of Springfield, remaining with 
this concern for a period of six years. He 
then assumed the duties of bookkeeper 
for the A. C. Dutton Lumber Company, 
and continued in that capacity until the 
organization of the Hampden Lumber 
Company in 1902, when he was elected to 
the position of manager, an office of which 
he is still the incumbent. This company 
has prospered from the time of its organ- 
ization, under the management of Mr. 
Potter. He is a man of remarkable execu- 
tive ability, and is possessed of the happy 
faculty of winning and retaining the 
friendship of those with whom he is 
brought in contact, whether in business, 
political or social life. He has been twice 
elected a member of the common council 
of Springfield, the last year as president, 
and while a member of that honorable 
body served on some of the most impor- 
tant committees. Subsequently Ward 
Eight elected him a member of the board 
of aldermen. For a number of years he 
has been a member of the Board of Trade 
of Springfield. His religious affiliation is 
with the Methodist church. He is a 



thirty-second degree Mason, and a mem- 
ber of Hampden Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; also of the Win- 
throp Club. 

Mr. Potter married, June i, 1898, Jennie 
E. Parrish, daughter of O. B. Parrish, of 
Springfield, and they have one child: 
Barbara Larene, bom September 10, 1904. 

WESTON, Franklin, 

Oovporatioa OAeialt Fiiuuiieter. 

Rev. Isaiah Weston is the first of this 
family of whom we have found a record. 
He was bom in Middleboro, Massachu- 
setts, February 17, 1773. In 1814 he 
located in Dalton, where he remained up 
to his death, which occurred in 1821. He 
received an excellent education, later pur- 
suing a course in theology, and was 
ordained a Unitarian minister, following 
that high calling for a number of years. 
After his settlement in Dalton he entered 
into business relations with his brother- 
in-law, Colonel Thomas Green, in the 
operation of a smelting furnace and 
foundry, and he also erected the first 
woolen mill in Dalton, which proved a 
profitable enterprise. In 1812, by appoint- 
ment of President Madison, he became 
the incumbent of the office of collector of 
the port of New Bedford, where he was 
aggressively active and successful in his 
measures for the protection of the coast 
against British cruisers. He was active 
and public-spirited, entering heartily into 
every project that was advanced for the 
betterment and development of the com- 
munity. He married, in 1795, Sarah 
Dean, born 1776, died 1818, daughter of 
Elijah Dean, of Taunton, Massachusetts, 
who represented the Bristol district in 
Congress. Children : Grenville, Franklin, 
Isaiah, mentioned below ; Josiah, Sarah. 

(II) Isaiah (2) Weston, son of Rev. 
Isaiah (i) and Sarah (Dean) Weston, 

was born in Middleboro, Massachusetts, 
in 1804, and died in 1835, in Fremont, 
Illinois, whither he removed in that year, 
his death occurring long before he 
attained the prime of life, thus cutting oflF 
a life of activity and usefulness. After 
the completion of his studies, he devoted 
considerable attention to agriculture, in 
which he was highly successful, and he 
was also in partnership with his brother, 
Franklin Weston, in the woolen mill, 
above referred to, erected and operated 
at first by their father, and he was also 
active in the management of the store 
conducted in conjunction therewith. He 
was a man of sound business principle, 
honorable and straightforward in all his 
transactions, and was honored and 
esteemed in business circles. He mar- 
ried, at Dalton, Massachusetts, Caroline 
Curtis, born 1809, died 1865, who bore 
him four children, among whom were: 
Isaiah, who was one of the "forty-niners" 
in California, later located in Leadville, 
Colorado, and subsequently removed to 
El Paso, Texas, where his death occurred, 
and Byron, ©f whom further. 

(Ill) Governor Byron Weston, son of 
Isaiah (2) and Caroline (Curtis) Weston, 
was born in Dalton, Massachusetts, April 
9, 1832, died November 9, 1898, in the 
city of his birth. He acquired a practical 
education in the schools of the neighbor- 
hood, and he began his business career in 
the capacity of bookkeeper at Saugerties, 
New York, in a mill, the specialties of 
which were the making of news and book 
paper, and which was managed by one of 
his uncles. His next employment was at 
Lindley Murray Crane's mill for the 
manufacture of fine writing papers, at 
Ballston, New York, and later he was 
employed in some of the leading mills 
of Hartford, Connecticut, and Lee, Mas- 
sachusetts, performing the duties allotted 
to him in a commendable manner that 



ie commendation of his 
:r the cessation of hostil- 
le North and South, in 
le participated, serving as 
pany, which he raised, in 
Massachusetts Regiment, 
ilf in a manner befitting 
Weston returned to Dal- 
urchased the paper plant 
y and A. S. Chamberlain, 
enter of the town. This 
arged and practically re- 
it with the best and latest 
s proposed product, linen 
er papers. He also pur- 
leral William F. Bartlett 
Iter Cutting the mill site, 

other mill, and there, in 
: extensive mill known as 
" The product of these 
gold medals and other 

super-excellence where- 
notably at Philadelphia, 
\y&; Australia, 1882; at 
ms in New York, Boston, 
isville, Atlanta, World's 
893, and the Pan-Ameri- 

1902. In 1892 the com- 
porated under the name 
eston Company, of which 
/as president until his de- 
iton was a man of strong 
and sound judgment as 
Ful ability, and his efforts 
'ith success, and brought 
lent financial return. At 
le belonged to that class 
ibors result not alone to 

prosperity, but are far- 
r valuable influence and 
was the author of a com- 
most instructive and 
ory of paper-making read 
request of the Berkshire 

Scientific Society at a 
body in 1881, and which 

he subsequently used in part in occa- 
sional lectures. In 1882 Mr. Weston 
erected a spacious residence for his own 
use, also a substantial business block, 
erected many houses for his employees, 
which were comfortable and sanitary, 
laid out streets and sunk great artesian 
wells, all of which improvements added 
greatly to the comfort and convenience of 
the residents, and also to the develop- 
ment of Dalton. His business success led 
to his appointment as director of numer- 
ous important institutions, in which 
capacity he rendered valuable service, his 
keen discrimination and excellent busi- 
ness sagacity having been important fac- 
tors in the prosperous conduct of many of 
these enterprises. He also took an active 
interest in politics, doing all in his power 
to promote the growth and insure the 
success of his party. He served a term 
in the State Senate of 1874 as representa- 
tive from northern Berkshire, and was 
elected to the office of Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of the State in 1879-80-81, with 
Hon. John D. Long as the candidate for 
Governor, During his incumbency of 
office his position was always clearly de- 
fined and his course straightforward and 
upright, and he proved himself worthy of 
the confidence reposed in him by his fel- 
low citizens. 

Governor Weston married, in 1865, 
Julia Mitchell, born in Cummington, 
Massachusetts, died September 4, 1902, 
in Dalton. They were the parents of 
seven children : Franklin, mentioned be- 
low; Ellen, wife of Hale Holden, who 
was formerly of Kansas City, Missouri, 
now a resident of Chicago, president of 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy rail- 
road; Louise B., died in 1909; Julia Caro- 
line, wife of John McWilliams, Jr., re- 
sided in Pasadena, California; Philip, 
mentioned below; Dorothy D., married 
Wilmer D. Henning,of Colorado Springs. 


she died in 1912 ; Donald M., employed in 
the office of the mills. 

(IV) Franklin Weston, son of Gov- 
ernor Byron and Julia (Mitchell) Weston, 
was born in Dalton, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust 13, 1866. He was educated at Grey- 
lock Institute, and Phillips Academy, An- 
dover, graduating from the latter named 
institution in 1887. Immediately after- 
ward he entered his father's mill in Dal- 
ton and acquired a practical knowledge of 
paper-making in all its branches. Upon 
the incorporation of the Byron Weston 
Company, Franklin Weston was ap- 
pointed to the office of treasurer, in which 
capacity he served until 1910, when he 
was elected president of the company, 
and so continues at the present time 
(1916). Mr. Weston is a member of the 
board of directors of the Berkshire Life 
Insurance Company and the Third Na- 
tional Bank of Pittsfield, and is a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees of the Berk- 
shire County Savings Bank. In 1895 he 
removed to Pittsfield, where he has since 
made his home. He was a charter mem- 
ber of the Masonic lodge of Dalton, tak- 
ing an active part in its organization. He 
filled all the chairs, and was thrice mas- 
ter of the lodge. He is also a member 
of the chapter, council, and commandery 
at Pittsfield. Mr. Weston married, June 
14, 1893, Edith C. Brewer, daughter of 
Edward S. Brewer, of Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. They are the parents of five 
children : Corinne, Byron, Elizabeth, Julia, 

(IV) Philip Weston, son of Governor 
Byron and Julia (Mitchell) Weston, was 
born in Dalton, February i, 1881. He 
was educated at St. Paul's School, at Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, at Phillips Acad- 
emy, at Andover, and at the Yale Scien- 
tific School. In 1901 he came to the mill 
of his father in Dalton, and learned the 
business of paper-making. Then for a 

time was with the American Writing 
Paper Company. He then returned to 
Dalton and was made treasurer of the 
Byron Weston Company in 1910, which 
position he still holds. Mr. Weston is a 
Republican in politics, and a member of 
various college fraternities. He married, 
in 1910, Theodora L. Pomeroy, a daugh- 
ter of Theodore L. Pomeroy and eldest of 
five children. 

NEWTON, WiUiam Henry, 

Pnblio OAeiaL 

From sturdy and enterprising ancestors 
Mr. Newton has inherited those qualities 
which have made him prominent among 
the business* men of Pittsfield. The New- 
ton family, which is one of the most nu- 
merous in New England, is of English 
origin, and was founded in America early 
in the Colonial period. It is still well 
represented throughout New England 
and is identified with the best interests 
of that section. Representatives are also 
scattered over other States. 

(I) Richard Newton, whose birthplace 
and ancestry have been the subject of 
many years study by genealogists, ar- 
rived in Massachusetts prior to 1645, ^^ 
which year he was admitted a freeman of 
the colony, and he resided for several 
years in Sudbury. In company with John 
Howe and others he petitioned for the 
settlement of Marlborough, whose incor- 
poration as a town they secured in 1666 
and removing thither he located in that 
part of the town which was afterwards 
set off as Southborough. He lived to be 
nearly one hundred years old, his death 
occurring August 24, 1701. The Chris- 
tian name of his wife was either Anna or 
Hannah, and she died December 5, 1697. 

(II) John Newton, son of Richard 
Newton, bom in 1641, was one of the 
proprietors of Marlborough, Massachu- 



setts, in 1660, and died there October 16, 
1723. He married, January 6, 1666, Eliza- 
beth Larkin; she died October 15, 17 19. 

(III) Samuel Newton, second son of 
John Newton, was bom December 23, 

1669. He married Rebecca , and 

they resided in Marlborough. 

(IV) Gershom Newton, son of Sam- 
uel Newton, was bom December 17, 1690, 
in Marlborough. He married, in 1714, 
Elizabeth Angier. 

(V) Jason Newton, third son of Ger- 
shom Newton, was bom February 2, 
1736, in Marlborough, settled in Milford, 
Massachusetts, whence he removed, 
about 1774, to Lanesboro, Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, where he cleared 
a farm and spent the remainder of his 
life. He married, in Milford, June 9, 1757, 
Hannah Warren, a daughter of Samuel 
and Hannah (Beard) Warren. Their first 
child was baptized in Milford, in 1760. 

(VI) Jason (2) Newton, son of Jason 
(i) Newton, born 1789, in Lanesboro, 
Massachusetts, passed all his life there, 
and was a prominent and active citizen; 
he was a selectman, assessor and col- 
lector. He also took a great interest in 
church matters and was for thirty-two 
years warden of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. He married, in Lanesboro, Abi- 
gail Wood, and had eight children who 
grew to maturity, including sons, Elias 
A., Jason, Henry Hobart and Jedediah 
Warren. The last named was for thirty- 
two years sheriff of Berkshire county, 

(VII) Henry Hobart Newton, son of 
Jason (2) and Abigail (Wood) Newton, 
was born in 1830, in Lanesboro, Massa- 
chusetts, and died in Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, July II, 1901. He was educated 
in the public schools of Pittsfield, and in 
early manhood engaged in business as a 
cattle buyer and butcher. He subse- 
quently engaged successfully in the real 

estate and loan and insurance business, 
and conducted this up to the time of his 
death. He was a staunch Republican; 
taking an active part in political affairs 
and filled various public offices in his 
native town, and in addition to this was 
deputy sheriff of Berkshire county for 
twenty-five years. He married Caroline 
Nourse, a native of Lanesboro, daughter 
of Enoch and Experience (Parker) 
Nourse. She was bom in 1827, and died 
in Pittsfield in 1880, at the age of fifty- 
three years. Her children, bom in Lanes- 
boro, were : i. William Henry, mentioned 
below. 2. Florence M., wife of John M. 
Crysler, of Boston ; she is the mother of 
two children, ^rl N. and Ada C. 3. 
Frank P., formerly engaged in the hotel 
business, and now for many years stew- 
ard of the Park Club of Pittsfield ; he mar- 
ried Susan Earle, of New Lebanon, New 

(VIII) William Henry Newton, son 
of Henry Hobart and Caroline (Nourse) 
Newton, was bom May 28, i860, in Lanes- 
boro, Massachusetts. He was educated 
in the schools of Pittsfield. As a young 
man he was variously employed. He 
finally took a position as an apprentice 
and thoroughly learned the upholstering 
trade which he followed for a time, then 
decided to engaged in the furniture and 
undertaking business for himself. This 
continued until 1900, when he formed a 
partnership with Mr. Jones, the firm 
being known as Newton & Jones. In 
1910 he dissolved partnership with Mr. 
Jones, and in association with Irving J. 
Barnfather, formed the Newton, Barn- 
father Company, Incorporated, of which 
William H. Newton is president, and 
Irving J. Barnfather secretary and treas- 
urer. The directors include: Edgar T. 
Lawrence, Lewis A. Merchant, Arthur 
H. Wood, Daniel L. Evans, Henry Kloss- 
man, Henry M. Pitt, and Franklin Stur- 



giss. This is the principal establishment 
of its kind in the city of Pittsfield, and 
being fully equipped enjoys a high repu- 
tation. Mr. Newton has always taken a 
keen interest in the progress of his native 
county, and has been active in the con- 
duct of local affairs for many years. He 
served as councilman, representing Ward 
Two of Pittsfield for two years, and was 
long a member of the Republican city 
committee. He is affiliated with fraternal 
and benevolent orders, including the 
Knights of Pythias, Royal Arcanum, and 
the New England Order of Protection, 
and is a regular attendant of St. Stephen's 
Protestant Episcopal Church. He mar- 
ried Emily Sebille, of Pittsfield, daugh- 
ter of Peter and Rose Sebille. 

ADAMS, Scott, 

Scott Adams belongs to one of the old 
New England families. The immigrant 
ancestor of this family was Robert 
Adams, born in 1601, in England. In 1635 
he came from Holderness, Cotmty York, 
England, to Ipswich, Massachusetts, ac- 
companied by his wife and two children. 
They resided for a time in Salem, and in 
1640 removed to Newbury, where he 
acquired a large farm and valuable prop- 
erty. By trade he was a tailor, and was 
thus occupied while residing in Salem, 
and the large hand-made shears which he 
brought from England and used in his 
trade are now in the possession of one of 
his descendants, a resident of Newbury. 
Robert Adams died October 12, 1682, 
aged eighty-one years. His first wife, 
Eleanor (Wilmot) Adams, died June 12, 

(II) Jacob Adams, youngest child of 
Robert and Eleanor (Wilmot) Adams, 
was bom in Newbury, Massachusetts, 
September 13, 1651. About the year 1681 

or 1682 he removed to Suffield, Connecti- 
cut, then a part of Massachusetts, where 
he was among the most prominent and 
influential of the pioneers. He was often 
chosen to important offices, and was a 
member of the general court at Boston 
from 171 1 to 1714, and again in 1717. In 
the latter named year he died suddenly, 
while in attendance upon his duties as a 
member of the court. He left a large 
property, and an honored memory. He 
married, April 7, 1677, Anna, bom Janu- 
ary 3, 1658, daughter of Nicholas Allen, 
of Dorchester, Massachusetts. 

(III) John Adams, the fourth son of 
Jacob and Anna (Allen) Adams, was bom 
in Suffield, Connecticut, June 18, 1694. 
He made his home in that town, and 
ranked among the leading citizens. He 
married, July 26, 1722, Abigail, daughter 
of Peter and Sarah Remington. 

(IV) Moses Adams, eldest son of John 
and Abigail (Remington) Adams, was 
born July 8, 1723, in Suffield, Connecticut, 
died there, October 18, 1809. He married, 
October 30, 1746, Mehitable Sikes, bom in 
1720, died April 2^^ 1813. 

(V) Seth Adams, eldest child of Moses 
and Mehitable (Sikes) Adams, was bom 
February 18, 1747, in Suffield, Connecti- 
cut, died in Troy, Bradford county, Penn- 
sylvania, November 18, 1835. He was a 
soldier of the Revolution. He resided for 
many years in Agawam, Massachusetts. 
He married (first) September 10, 1770, 
Elizabeth Lane, who died December 4, 
1773. He married (second) a Miss Fair- 
man. He married (third) Lydia Taylor. 

(VI) Gains Adams, fourth child of 

Seth and (Fairman) Adams, was 

bom January 18, 1781, in Agawam, Mas- 
sachusetts, died in Springfield, Bradford 
county, Pennsylvania, in August, 1857. 
He removed to Springfield in 1808, join- 
ing the large colony from Agawam who 
settled in that town. He married, March 



20, i8p8, Cynthia Kent, born October 7, 
1785, died October 20, 1862, in Spring- 
field, Pennsylvania, probably a daughter 
of James Kent. Children : Henry Lewis^ 
born March 10, 1809, lived at Columbia 
Cross Roads, in Pennsylvania; James 
Kent, born February 6, 181 1, settled in 
Troy, Pennsylvania ; Bela Kent, born Au- 
gust 20, 1813, lived in Rome, Bradford 
county, Pennsylvania; Cynthia Kent, 
born February 4, 1815, died in 1847, ^^^ 
married ; Harriet, born May 29, 1818, mar- 
ried Sydney Struble, and lived in Muske- 
gan, Michigan; Margaret, born Septem- 
ber 10, 1820, died in 1895, unmarried; 
Joel, born January 10, 1824, was a farmer 
in Troy, Pennsylvania; Lucretia, borji 
April 20, 1826, married Ambrose Brown, 
and died in Springfield, Pennsylvania; 
Jerre, of whom further. • ' 

(VII) Jerre Adams, youngest child of 
Gaius and Cynthia (Kent) Adams, was 
born April 25, 1831, in Springfield, Penn- 
sylvania, died in Agawam, Massachusetts, 
June 24, 1904. He was reared there and 
received his education in public and pri- 
vate schools. He learned the trade of 
blacksmith and toolmaker, and engaged 
in railroad and water works construction 
in the State of Pennsylvania and in 
Brooklyn, New York, both as superin- 
tendent and contractor, but returned to 
Springfield, Pennsylvania, on account of 
ill health. He served for a time in the 
Civil War as corporal in Company B, 
Twenty-sixth Regiment of Pennsylvania 
militia, taking part in the battle of Gettys- 
burg. During a visit to Agawam, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1866, he built the covered 
bridge across the Agawam river, later re- 
placed by the present Agawam bridge. 
He married Marie Child Scott, born Feb- 
ruary 26, 1832, in East Smithfield, Brad- 
ford county, Pennsylvania, died in Aga- 
wam, Massachusetts, October 24, 1898, 
daughter of Ansel and Hope (Pierce) 
Scott, of Rehoboth, Massachusetts, both 

of whom died in East Smithfield, Penn- 
sylvania, and a granddaughter of Thomas 
ScQtt. Mrs! Adams was a member of a 
large family. Only one of her children 
grew to maturity, Scott, of whom further. 

(VIII) Scott Adams, son of Jerre and 
Marie Child (Scott) Adams, was born 
March 27, 1874, in Agawam, Massachu- 
setts. He was reared in his native town, 
received his education in its public 
schools, the high school of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and graduated from the 
Connecticut Literary Institute at Sufiield 
in 1891, and from Brown University in 
1895. He^studied law with Judge A. M. 
Copeland, was later a student in the office 
of Judge E. F. Lyford, and was admitted 
to the bar, October i, 1897. He at once 
began the practice of his profession in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, and has con- 
tinuied to the present time (191 5). He 
resided in Agawam until 1910, when he 
removed to Springfield, his present resi- 
dence. He served as a member of the 
board of selectmen of Agawam for three 
years, for one year serving in the capacity 
of chairman ; represented the town in the 
legislature in 1909, and in 1913-14 was 
city solicitor of Springfield. He is a 
member of the Ancient, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. 

Mr. Adams married, September 9, 1903, 
Mary Edith Ferre, a native of Springfield, 
daughter of Charles D. and Fannie C. 
(Fisher) Ferre, the former named having 
been a merchant of Springfield, where he 
died in January, 1904. Mrs. Adams is 
the younger of his two children, the eld- 
est being James F. Ferre, now manager 
of the Mutual Life Insurance Company 
of Worcester. Mrs. Adams is a regular 
attendant of the Unitarian church of 
Springfield. Mr. and Mrs. Adams are the 
parents of three children: Frances, born 
June 10, 1904; Scott, born November 20, 
1909; Barbara Edith, born February 5, 



' \ 

^n >•.- 


DRISCOLL, Daniel Joseph, 

Bnsiiiess Man, I«eslslator* 

The history of Hon. Daniel Joseph 
Driscoll, ex-Senator, member of the Leg- 
islature and present postmaster of Chico- 
pee Falls, is the story of a life that ap- 
pears to have been one of orderly pro- 
gression under the steady hand of a man 
who is a consistent master of himself, 
whose organism is harmonious and 
always well balanced. He owes his rise 
in life to his own efforts, and has made a 
name for himself as a successful business 
man and in his official career has done 
much for the benefit of his fellow men 
and to advance the best interests of the 
district he has represented, both in the 
Legislature and Senate. Daniel Driscoll, 
his grandfather, was a well known gar- 
dener, settled in Chicopee, Massachusetts, 
in the forties, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life, died and is buried. 

Stephen J. Driscoll, son of Daniel Dris- 
coll, was born in County Kerry, near the 
Lakes of Killarney, Ireland, in 1845. He 
was a mere child when he was brought 
to Chicopee, and as he grew older assisted 
his father for a time. He then went to 
Pittsfield, where he tried to enlist in the 
Thirty-first Regiment, but was refused, 
upon which he went to Boston and en- 
listed in the navy where he served with 
gallantry until the close of the war, when 
he was honorably discharged. Returning 
to Chicopee Falls, he worked as foreman 
for Daniel Dunn for a number of years, 
having been engaged as a knopper, and 
received prizes for work in that line at 
the Centennial Exposition of 1876. He 
went to Greenville, New Hampshire, in 
September, 1889, in order to start a Knop- 
ping Department there, and this he con- 
ducted until his death, March 10, 1890. 
He married Ellen Boland, born in County 
Limerick, Ireland, a woman of much cul- 
ture and refinement, who was well edu- 

cated and able to read Latin, also a very 
fine penman ; she died at the age of fifty- 
nine years. Children, ten in number, of 
whom three are now living: Daniel Jo- 
seph, of whom further; James, born in 
1876, employed as a chauffeur by the 
Stevens-Duryea Auto Company; Mary 
Ellen, who made her home with Daniel 

Hon. Daniel Joseph Driscoll, son of 
Stephen J. and Ellen (Boland) Driscoll, 
was born in Chicopee Falls, Hampden 
county, Massachusetts, November 20, 
1867. He was educated at the public, 
parochial, and evening schools, and en- 
tered upon his business career at an early 
age. From 1885 to 1888 he was with 
the Springfield "Evening News," and 
there learned the printer's trade under 
Charles Bellamy, and late in the year 
1888 he went to New Hampshire with 
his father, and at the latter's death took 
his position and continued in this about 
a year, when the mills closed. He then 
returned to Chicopee Falls and entered 
the employ of the Holman Bicycle Com- 
pany, commencing as a polisher of metal, 
and continued this connection until his 
election to the Legislature. Prior to this 
office, however, he had served in the city 
C9uncil in 1895 and 1896. In the fall of 
1897 he was elected to the Legislature, 
serving in 1898, which was an unusually 
busy and important session, owing to the 
Spanish-American war. During that term 
the Legislature appropriated $500,000 for 
coast defense, an appropriation which was 
made in nine minutes without a dissent- 
ing vote, a record unparalled in the his- 
tory of the Legislature of Massachusetts. 
He was reelected in the fall of 1898, and 
received a tie vote in 1899. In order to 
settle the question the Legislature 
ordered a special election for Senator on 
February 3, 1900, at which Mr. Driscoll 
received a plurality of three hundred and 
eighty-six votes, defeating Mossman, the 



great sculptor. At this session of the 
Senate, Mr. DriscoU introduced, and had 
passed, an eight hour bill for town and 
city laborers, also a bill extending the 
time for conditional sales of personal 
property, a bill to prevent the employ- 
ment of minors in breweries, bottling 
establishments, or any place where liquor 
was sold. He had the support of the 
temperance and labor organizations. 
After an adverse report by the labor com- 
mittee, he succeeded in having the bill 
called up and passed, having the bill sub- 
stituted for the committee's report. Dur- 
ing the years in which Mr. DriscoU was 
a member of the Legislature, many im- 
portant bills were presented and passed, 
among them being the leasing of the 
Fitchburg to Boston and Maine railroad, 
and the Boston & Albany to the New 
York Central Railroad Company. In the 
case of the Fitchburg railroad, Mr. Dris- 
coU favored compensating the State for 
the six million dollars which had been 
appropriated and paid out for the con- 
struction of the Hoosac tunnel. Other 
important bills were the Cape Cod canal 
bill and the Whitney-Lawson gas bill 
investigation. The sessions were long 
ones and extended until well into the 
summer. He represented a large con- 
stituency of laboring men and took an 
active interest in the cause of labor. In 
the fall of 1900 he was the Democratic 
nominee for State Senator in a hard 
three-cornered fight and secured the 
nomination on the thirty-seventh ballot. 
Although he ran far ahead of the Na- 
tional ticket he failed to secure the elec- 
tion. He was the Democratic candidate 
for the office of mayor of Chicopee, but 
failed of election by one vote. He has 
served as delegate to many local and 
State conventions, and has for many 
years been a leader in the Democratic 

In 1900 he purchased an interest in a 
drug store, with which his time was 
occupied for a period of two years, after 
which he became a traveling salesman for 
the Church Manufacturing Company, in 
bath room specialties, covering all the 
United States with the exception of the 
Pacific Coast, for a period of two years, 
and then abandoned it in order to accept 
a position with the Springfield Brewing 
Company, in 1904, a position which en- 
abled him to spend more time at home 
with his family. He was for eleven years 
collector for this company, continuing 
with them until 191 5, when he was ap- 
pointed by President Wilson postmaster 
at Chicopee Falls, to serve until 19199 
and has since creditably filled this posi- 
tion. Mr. DriscoU and his family are 
members of St. Patrick's Roman Catholic 
Church. He is a charter member of the 
Elder Council of the Knights of Colum- 
bus, and was formerly a member of Father 
Matthew's Society. Since becoming of age 
he has never missed casting a vote at a 
Democratic caucus or an election. He 
has been successful in his business deals 
and is the owner of some fine real estate 
in Chicopee Falls. 

Mr. DriscoU married, June 22, 1898, 
Catherine G. Walsh, a daughter of Pat- 
rick and Catherine Walsh, of Chicopee. 
Mrs. DriscoU was a graduate of Chicopee 
High School and teacher in evening 
schools for three years. Patrick Walsh 
was a member of the Thirty-first Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 
and was advanced to the rank of corporal, 
his enlistment being in 1861. He was 
actively engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness, served as a councilman of Chicopee 
from the Sixth Ward, and died about 1906. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. DriscoU, of 
whom four attend school: Ilene, de- 
ceased ; Daniel, Kathleen, Monica, Gerald, 
Paul, Arthur. 




DICKINSON, Francke Walden, 

Bnslneis Man, IiegifllAtor* 

Francke Walden Dickinson, active and 
prominent in the affairs of Springfield, his 
native city, is a descendant of a Nor- 
wegian ancestry which traces back eleven 
centuries to a shepherd by the name of 
Ivar, who had been captured by the 
Northmen and carried to sea, and who 
became a favorite at the Norwegian 
court. The king made him general of his 
army, and in 725 gave him his daughter, 
Eurithea, in marriage. He was called 
Prince of Uplands. Upon the death of 
the king, Eystein, son of Ivar, became 
heir to the throne, and during his minor- 
ity Ivar was regent. Eystein reigned 
until 755. He was succeeded by his son, 
Harold Harfager. RoUo, a prince of this 
line, overran Normandy in 910. His sixth 
and youngest son, Walter, received the 
castle and town of Caen as an inheritance. 
His great-grandson, Walter de Caen, ac- 
companied William the Conqueror, to 
England at the time of the Conquest. 
From this nobleman the line herein traced 
claims descent. Tradition says that the 
name Dickinson is taken from the fact 
that Walter de Caen lived in a manor in 
England, known as Kenson, and that ever 
afterward the name de Kenson, now 

The line of descent is as follows : Wal- 
ter de Caen, later Walter de Kenson, 
taking the name from his manor in 
Yorkshire. Johnne Dykonson, freeholder, 
of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, mar- 
ried Margaret Lambert, died 13 16. Wil- 
liam Dykenson, freeholder as above, died 
1330. Hugh Dykensonne, freeholder as 
above, died 1376. Anthoyne Dicken- 
sonne, freeholder as above, married Kath- 
eryne De La Pole, died 1396. Richard 
Dickerson, freeholder as above, married 
Margaret Cooper, died 1441. Thomas 

Dickinson, freeholder as above, married 
Margaret Lambert, died 1475. Hugh 
Dickinson, freeholder as above, married 
Agnes Swillington, removed to Kenson 
Manor, Yorkshire, 1475, died 1509. Wil- 
liam Dickinson, freeholder of Kenson 
Manor, married Isabel Langton, died 
1546. John Dickinson settled in Leeds, 
Yorkshire, married Elizabeth Danby, died 
1554- William Dickinson, settled in 
Brindley Hall, Staffordshire, married 
Rachel Kinge, died 1580. Richard Dick- 
inson, of Bradley Hall, married Elizabeth 
Bagnall, died 1605. Thomas Dickinson, 
clerk in the Portsmouth navy-yard, 1567 
to 1587, removed to Cambridge, 1587, 
married Judith Carey, died 1590. Wil- 
liam Dickinson, settled in Ely, Cam- 
bridge, married Sarah Stacey died 1628. 
Nathaniel Dickinson, born in Ely, 1600, 
died at Hadley, June 16, 1676; came 
to Wethersfield, Connecticut, 1636-37, 
served as town clerk and representative 
to the General Court ; removed to Hadley, 
Massachusetts, in 1659, stdmitted a free- 
man there in 1661 ; married (first) Anna 

Gull, (second) Anne . Nehemiah 

Dickinson, bom about 1644, died Septem- 
ber 9, 1723; made a freeman in 1690; 
married Mary, probably Cowles. Wil- 
liam Dickinson, born in Hadley, May 18, 
1675, died June 24, 1742; married Mary 
Marsh. John Dickinson, bom in Hadley, 
November 27, 1715, died September 25, 
1753; married Martha Cook; she married 
(second) David Bagg, and died June 29, 
1762. John Dickinson, bom in Hadley, 
October 30, 1748, died December 2, 1830; 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary War ; 
married Abigail Alexander, who died De- 
cember 30, 1832. Elijah Dickinson, bom 
October 10, 1783, died March 22, 1848; 
married Clarine White. 

Elijah Walden Dickinson, eldest child 
of Elijah and Clarine (White) Dickinson, 
was bom in Hadley, Massachusetts, Feb- 



ruary 29, 1816, died in Springfield, Mas^ 
sachusetts, September 9, 1885. His early 
education was acquired in the common 
schools of his native town and later was 
supplemented by a course of study at 
Hopkins Academy. For a short period 
of time he traveled as a lecturer for a 
panorama of the Holy Land, after which 
he served in the capacity of teacher in 
schools at Hadley, and in 1840 removed 
to Springfield, and was appointed princi- 
pal of the grammar school, which later 
was under the principalship of Charles 
Barrows. Subsequently he changed to an 
entirely different line of business, enter- 
ing the furniture establishment of Robert 
Crossett, where he learned the upholster- 
ing business, becoming highly proficient, 
and remained there a time, after which he 
engaged in the furniture business on his 
own account, locating in the Union block. 
Six years later he disposed of the business, 
and in the following year, 1869, entered 
into business relations with Mr. Fisk, 
who was a member of the undertaking 
firm of Pomeroy & Fisk, and so con- 
tinued up to the death of Mr. Pomeroy. 
Mr. Dickinson then became a member of 
the firm and the name was changed to 
that of Fisk & Dickinson, under which 
style it continued to transact business 
until 1872, when Mr. Fisk retired and the 
firm of E. W. Dickinson & Company was 
established, and this continued until the 
death of E. W. Dickinson in 1885. Fur- 
ther facts concerning this business are to 
be found in the sketch of Francke Walden 
Dickinson, which follows. 

Mr. Dickinson was a man of influence 
in the community, active and public- 
spirited, and although never seeking nor 
desiring public office, was chosen by his 
townsmen as a member of the Common 
Council from Ward Three, in 1855, his 
services being of great value. A strange 
coincidence is connected with this, as fifty 

years later, in 1905, his son, Francke Wal- 
den Dickinson, served as mayor. Prior 
to the Civil War Mr. Dickinson was an 
Abolitionist, was a close friend of John 
Brown and other workers in the anti- 
slavery cause, and loyally assisted the 
slaves who made their escape by means 
of the "under ground railway." He was 
selected to serve on the first board of 
deacons of the North Church, but subse- 
quently became a Spiritualist, with which 
cause he was connected ever afterward. 

Mr. Dickinson married, in November, 
1839, Mary Abbott Crossett, born Febru- 
ary 18, 1814, died in Springfield, Novem- 
ber 17, 1859, daughter of Robert and 
Mary (Abbott) Crossett, granddaughter 
of Samuel and Abigail (Cady) Crossett, 
great-granddaughter of Robert Crossett, 
who served in the Revolutionary War at 
Bennington, Vermont, in 1777. Children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Dickinson: i. Mary Ab- 
bott, bom August 31, 1840, died in Spring- 
field, in August, 1877. 2. Arthur Stuart, 
born August 11, 1844; married, in Aga- 
wam, April 9, 1872, Anna Robinson 
Marsh, now deceased, who was bom in 
Northfield, Massachusetts, July 29, 1853, 
daughter of Edwin A. and Betsey 
(Presho) Marsh, of Agawam; four chil- 
dren : Lucille Marsh, born June 28, 1873, 
died in Oak Hill, Florida, October 14, 
1895; Daisy Anna, born October 4, 1874; 
Mary Abbott, born February 12, 1880; 
Lena Stuart, born July 13, 1884. 3. 
Francke Walden, of whom further. 4. 
An infant son. 

Francke Walden Dickinson, second son 
of Elijah Walden and Mary A. (Crossett) 
Dickinson, was born in Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, April 19, 1849. He obtained 
his education in the public and private 
schools of his native city. In March, 
1872, Francke W. and his elder brother, 
Arthur S., became associated with their 
father in his undertaking business, under 



the style of E. W. Dickinson & Com- 
pany, and this connection continued until 
September, 1874, when Arthur S. dis- 
posed of his interest to his father and 
brother, and they continued it until the 
death of the father in 1885, when Francke 
W. became the sole owner, remaining so 
until 1910, when George W. Streeter was 
admitted, and the firm was incorporated 
as The Dickinson-Streeter Company, Mr. 
Dickinson being president and treasurer. 
He is a man of good judgment, inde- 
fatigable energy and thorough knowledge 
of his business. He has also been honored 
by various positions of trust and respon- 
sibility, serving as a member of the com- 
mon council of Spring^eld during the 
years 1888-89-90, and was president of 
this body in the last-mentioned year; a 
member of the board of aldermen in 
1903-04; mayor of Springfield in 1905-06; 
State Senator in 1908-09, serving for two 
terms, and during his incumbency of this 
office being chairman of the committee on 
election laws, member of the committee 
on cities, and during the second year was 
chairman of that committee, also served 
on the committee on federal relations, 
committee on rules and committee on in- 
surance. He is a staunch adherent of 
Republican principles, believing that they 
make for the best form of government. 
He is a regular attendant of the Third 
Congregational Church (Unitarian). His 
fraternal affiliation is with Springfield 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Mopning Star Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons; Springfield Council, Royal and Se- 
lect Masters; Springfield Commandery, 
Knights Templar ; Massachusetts Consis- 
tory, Sublime Princes of the Royal 
Secret, in which he has received the 
thirty-second degree ; Melha Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine; was a charter member of Equity 
Council, Royal Arcanum, and filled all 

the chairs being past grand regent of 
Massachusetts, and also trustee of the 
Supremie Council four years; Hampden 
Lodge, No. 27, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows; and is also a member of 
Agawam Encampment, Patriarchs Mili- 

Mr. Dickinson married, in Springfield, 
January 16, 1873, Katie May AUgood, 
born in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 28, 1854, 
daughter of James Allgood, of Cincinnati, 
where he was a professor of music at 
thirty. Children: i. Emma Allgood, born 
December 4, 1873, died February 14, 1884. 
2. Ethel May, born July 16, 1875; mar- 
ried, January i, 1900, Edward William 
Beattie, Jr. ; he resides in New York City, 
and she died in 1910, leaving a son, Ed- 
ward William, the third. 3. Henry Wal- 
den, born September 13, 1876, died Sep- 
tember 6, 1896. 

ALLEN, Samuel Augustus, 

Capitalisty LesislAtor. 

AUeyne, Allyn, Allan and Allen are old 
family names, existing in England as far 
back as the thirteenth century. The 
earliest known ancestor is Alanus De 
Buchenal, 1272-1307, who held the Lord- 
ship of Buchenal in Staffordshire. The 
Allen or Allyn families were very numer- 
ous in New England, even in the first 
years of the settlement of the colonies. 
They were of English blood for the most 
part. There were three Allen families 
in ancient Windsor, Connecticut, one of 
Scotch ancestry and two of English, both 
spellings, Allen and Allyn, being in use. 
Thomas, Samuel and Matthew Allyn, all 
brothers, came to this country at the same 
time. Their parents seem to have come 
over also, but little is known of them. 
"Ould Mr. Allyn" died at Windsor, Sep- 
tember 12, 1675. "Old Mrs. Allyn" died 
there August 5, 1649. ^^^ or both of 



these records doubtless pertain to the 
parents of the Allyns. The descendants 
of Deacon Thomas and Matthew spelled 
the name Allyn, while those of Samuel, 
herein traced, use the form Allen. They 
were sons of Samuel AUyn, of Branton, 
Devonshire, and of Chelmsford, Essex 
county, England. Samuel Allen, son of 
Samuel Allyn, was baptized in Chelms- 
ford, County Essex, England, in 1586. He 
came to America with the original Brain- 
tree Company in 1632, as did doubtless 
the other brothers, and perhaps the par- 
ents. Prior to 1644 Samuel Allen removed 
to Windsor, Connecticut, where he was 
buried April 28, 1648, aged sixty years. 
He lived for a time in Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, and after his removal to Wind- 
sor held many public positions of trust. 
His widow removed to Northampton, 
Massachusetts, where she married (sec- 
ond) William Hurlburt, and died Novem- 
ber 13, 1687. Samuel Allen left a small 
estate consisting of house and home lot 
in East Windsor, meadow and farm land, 
and personal property, including a musket 
and sword, which would indicate military 
service. His third son, John Allen, re- 
moved to Massachusetts probably with 
his widowed mother, was an early settler 
at Deeriield, and was killed by Indians 
at the battle of Bloody Brook, September 
18, 1675. He married, December 8, 1669, 
Mary, daughter of William and Honor 
Hannum. Their second son was Samuel 
Allen, born February 5, 1673. He lived 
in Enfield, Connecticut, where he was 
accepted as an inhabitant in 1697 ^^^ 
granted thirteen acres of land, was con- 
stable in 1715, and died in 1735. He mar- 
ried. May 29, 1700, Hannah Burroughs, 
bom 167s, in Northampton. Their eldest 
child, Samuel Allen, was bom March 16, 
1702, in Enfield, and died in East Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, December 20, 1771. He 
married, January 27, 1728, Elizabeth, 

daughter of Zachariah and Mary (Homan) 
Booth, bom August 19, 1705, in Enfield, 
died September 10, 1751. Their second 
son and third child, Abel Allen, was bom 
March 4, 1733, in Windsor, and married, 
in January, 1756, Elizabeth Chapin, and 
they were the parents of Abel Allen, bom 
November 15, 1756. He married Phebe 
Horton, and lived in Connecticut. Their 
son, Isaac Allen, lived for a time in Bris- 
tol, Connecticut, whence he removed, 
about 1800, to Westfield, Massachusetts, 
in the northern part of which town he 
took up a tract of land. This place 
formerly know as West Farms is now 
known as Wyben. He spent his life as 
a farmer, and was prominent in public 
affairs of Westfield. He married Hannah 
Atkins, who lived to the age of eigthy 

Alonzo Allen, son of Isaac and Hannah 
(Atkins) Allen, was born March 2, 1809, 
in Westfield, on the paternal homestead, 
where he carried on farming for many 
years. In 1825 he erected the best store 
then in Westfield, and had a very large 
trade with the surrounding country, tak- 
ing all kinds of produce in exchange, and 
was later interested in the grain business 
in Buffalo and New York City. His store 
was a distributing point for the mails of 
a large section. He was many years di- 
rector of the bank formerly known as 
the Westfield Bank. He was an active 
citizen of the town, served as selectman 
and in other positions of trust and respon- 
sibility. With his wife he was an attend- 
ant and supporter of the Baptist church. 
He married Eunice Chapman. She died 
in 1895, at the age of eighty-six years. 
She was descended from Governor Wil- 
liam Bradford, who came over in the 
"Mayflower,*' and was a granddaughter 
of and Mary (Bradford) Chap- 
man, early settlers in the adjoining town 
of Montgomery, Hampden county, Mas- 



sachusetts. Her father, Elisha Chapman, 
born 1774, was a merchant and innkeeper 
in Montgomery, Massachusetts, where he 
died in 1848. Children of Alonzo and 
Eunice (Chapman) Allen : Carmilla, mar- 
ried Franklin Gauld Tiflfany, of Bland- 
ford, Massachusetts ; Edward A., a grain 
dealer in New York City; Fannie E.; 
Samuel Augustus; Carlos A., died an in- 
fant; Cordelia E., died at the age of 
eighteen years; Arselia M., died aged 
forty-six years. 

Samuel Augustus Allen was born Feb- 
ruary 24, 1855, *^ Westfield, and spent 
his early years upon the paternal farm, 
which he still owns. A portion of the 
estate has been sold, but he still retains 
the original grant made to his great- 
grandfather, on which he lives. He at- 
tended the common schools, Wilbraham 
Academy, and the Connecticut Literary 
Institute. From an early age he was 
accustomed to assist his father in the care 
and management of the home farm and 
general store, to whose ownership he suc- 
ceeded. From 1882 to 1886 he was en- 
gaged in the manufacture of whips at 
Westfield, and in 1888, in association with 
his brother, Edward A., he organized the 
Great River Water Power Company, 
which rented buildings and power for 
manufacturing purposes. In 1891 he was 
made a director of the First National 
Bank of Westfield, and was later elected 
president. In 1901 he and his son, Charles 
T., established an insurance business 
which has grown to very satisfactory di- 
mensions. He covers every line of insur- 
ance, including life, casualty, fire and 
plate glass, and his son. Park W., is now 
associated with him in its conduct, under 
the style of S. A. Allen & Son. He is a 
director and vice-president of the Brien 
Heater Company, engaged in the manu- 
facture of hot air heaters at Westfield. 
He is a member of the Westfield Board 

of Trade, and is also president of the 
Loyal Protective Insurance Company, of 
Boston, doing health and accident busi- 
ness. He is among the active members 
of the Baptist church, of which he is 
treasurer. Mr. Allen takes a lively in- 
terest in public affairs, has always acted 
politically with the Democratic party, and 
was elected to represent his town in the 
State Legislature in 1896-98. He served 
on the committees on water supply, in 
1896, and insurance, in 1898. For six 
years he was water commissioner of the 
town, and was assessor in 1882. He is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, and of 
Woronoco, formerly Westfield, Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

He married, June 14, 1876, Ella L. Tur- 
ner, bom January 9, 1854, in Troy, New 
York, daughter of Benjamin F. and 
Nancy E. (Doane) Turner, of Connecti- 
cut. Mr. Turner was a civil engineer, and 
was killed during a filibusting expedition 
while engaged in his profession in Central 
America. His wife was left with two 
small children, and resided there for some 
time after his death. Mr. and Mrs. Allen 
are the parents of six children, of whom 
three are living: i. Charles T., was en- 
gaged in business with his father until 
his death, June 11, 1903. 2. Lena E., died 
at the age of twelve years. 3. Roy Win- 
throp, died at the age of two years. 4. 
Virgie E., a graduate of Vassar College ; 
resides with her parents in Westfield. 5. 
Ethel L., graduated at the New England 
Conservatory of Music, in Boston. 6. 
Park W., associated with his father in 

COOLEY» Arthur Nott, 

The Cooley family, including Arthur 
N. Cooley, of Pittsfield, who has for 
several years taken an active part in its 




affairs and is noted as an agriculturist and 
floriculturist, is representative of a noted 
Massachusetts family. 

(I) Benjamin Cooley, immigrant an- 
cestor of the Mr. Cooley of this sketch, 
was resident in Springfield (Long- 
meadow), Massachusetts, at an early 
date. He was a selectman of Springfield 
for a period of thirteen years, serving 
with Miles Morgan and John Pynchon, 
and died August 17, 1684. He married 

Sarah , who died August 23, 1684. 

Children : Bertha, married Henry Chapin ; 
Obadiah, married Rebecca Williams ; Eli- 
akim, married Hannah Tibbals; Daniel, 
of further mention ; Sarah, married Jona- 
than Morgan ; Benjamin ; Mary, married 
Thomas Terry; Joseph. 

(II) Daniel Cooley, son of Benjamin 
and Sarah Cooley, was bom May 2, 1651, 
and died February 9, 1727. He married 
(first) December 8, 1680, Elizabeth Wol- 
cott, who died January 31, 1708, daughter 
of Simon Wolcott, of Windsor, and sister 
of Governor Roger Wolcott; he married 
(second) June 17, 1709, Lydia, widow of 
Jonathan Burt. Children: Benjamin; 
Daniel, of further mention ; Simon, mar- 
ried (first) Elizabeth, daughter of Deacon 
Samuel Gunn, (second) Jerusha, widow 
of Daniel Russell ; John ; Thomas ; Eliza- 
beth, married Joshua Field; William. 

(III) Daniel (2) Cooley, son of Daniel 
(i) and Elizabeth (Wolcott) Cooley, was 
bom March 23, 1683. His first settlement 
was in Enfield where we find the births 
of his five eldest children, and he then 
removed to West Springfield. He married 
Jemima Clark, who died October 29, 1732, 
Children: Daniel, of further mention; 
Jemima, Elizabeth, Ann, Noah, Mary, 
Thomas, Sarah, Azuma. 

(IV) Daniel (3) Cooley, son of Daniel 
(2) and Jemima (Clark) Cooley, was bom 
September 11, 171 1. He married Frances 
McKintree, and had William, and perhaps 
other children. 

(V) Captain William Cooley, son of 
Daniel (3) and Frances (McKintree) 
Cooley, was born March 17, 1736, and 
died April 14, 1825. He settled in Gran- 
ville, Massachusetts, where he organized 
a military company during the Revolu- 
tionary War. His commission as captain 
was issued April 26, 1776, and is signed 
by Perez Morton, secretary, and assigns 
him to the Fifth Company, Third Regi- 
ment, Hampshire County Militia, John 
Moseley, colonel. He married, November 
^7t I759» Sarah Mather, born November 
26, 1734, died December 2, 1822, whose 
line of descent follows. Children : Sarah, 
William, Abigail, Triphena, Dorothy, 
Timothy Mather, of further mention; 
Alexander, James. 

The Mather cpat-of-arms, with its 
motto, Virtus vera nobilitas est is deemed 
an ample presentation of the qualities of 
a family which in England and New 
England for centuries has held a place 
of conspicuous prominence in the civil 
and ecclesiastical history of both coun- 
tries. We find John Mather, and his son, 
Thomas Mather, were of Lowton, Win- 
wick Parish, Lancashire, England. 

Rev. Richard Mather, son of Thomas 
Mather, was bom in Lowton, England, 
in 1596, and died in Dorchester, Massa- 
chusetts, April 22, 1669. Commencing 
with his fifteenth year he was a teacher 
in a public school at Toxteth Park, near 
Liverpool, then pursued his theological 
studies at Oxford, and was ordained to 
the ministry in 1618. Owing to his non- 
conformity to some of the existing doc- 
trines of the then established church, he 
was persecuted, and for this reason deter- 
mined to seek religious liberty in the New 
World. He was obliged to embark in 
disguise, and sailed in the "James," arriv- 
ing at Boston in August, 1635. In the 
same year he joined the church in Boston 
with his wife, Catherine. August 23, 1636, 
he was settled in Dorchester, where he 



died in 1669. Two of his famous de- 
scendants were Increase Mather, his 
son, and Cotton Mather, his grand- 
son. He married (first) Catherine, daugh- 
tre of Edmund Holt, of Bury; (sec- 
ond) Sarah Story, widow of Rev. John 
Cotton, and daughter of Richard Hank- 
ridge, of Boston, England. Children, all 
by the first marriage : Rev. Samuel, Timo- 
thy, of further mention; Rev. Nathaniel, 
Joseph, Rev. Eleazer, and Rev. Dr. In- 

Timothy Mather, son of Rev. Richard 
and Catherine (Holt) Mather, was bom 
in Liverpool, England, in 1628, and died 
in Dorchester, Massachusetts, January 14, 
1684. He was a farmer, and his death was 
the result of a fall while at work in his 
barn. He married (first) Mary Catherine, 
daughter of Major-General Humphrey 
Atherton; (second) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Amiel Weeks. Children, all born in 
Dorchester of the first marriage: Rev. 
Samuel, of further mention; Richard, 
Catherine, Nathaniel, Joseph, Atherton. 

Rev. Samuel Mather, son of Timothy 
and Mary Catherine (Atherton) Mather, 
was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
July 5, 1650, and died March 18, 1727-28. 
He was graduated from Harvard College 
in 1671, ordained to the ministry, and 
preached at Deerfield, Massachusetts, 
until that town was destroyed by the 
Indians in 1675. ^^ ^^ ^^^ '^^ succes- 
sion at Hatfield, Massachusetts ; Milford 
and Branford, Connecticut; and Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, where his death oc- 
curred. He was an author of note, among 
his writings being: ''A Dead Faith Anat- 
omized," printed in Boston in 1697, and 
"The Self Justiceary Convicted and Con- 
demned," published in 1706. He married 
Hannah, a daughter of Governor Robert 
Treat. Children : Dr. Samuel, of further 
mention; Hannah, Rev. Azariah, Eben- 
ezer, Joseph, Elizabeth, Rev. Nathaniel, 
Benjamin, John. 

Dr. Samuel (2) Mather, son of Rev. 
Samuel (i) and Hannah (Treat) Mather, 
was born in 1677, and died February 6, 
1746. He was graduated from Harvard 
College in 1698, and received a license to 
practice medicine and surgery from the 
General Assembly in 1702. He studied 
medicine with Dr. Thomas Hooker, of 
Hartford, Connecticut, and became a phy- 
sician of distinguished ability. He mar- 
ried (first) Abigail, daughter of Samuel 
Grant, and granddaughter of Matthew 
Grant; he married (second) Hannah 
Buckland, daughter of Nicholas Buck- 
land. Children, eight by the first, and 
four by the second marriage: Eliakim, 
Dr. Samuel, Timothy, of further mention ; 
Abigail, Nathaniel, Joseph, Charles, Abi- 
gail, Hannah, Lucy, Elizabeth, Eliakim. 

Timothy Mather, son of Dr. Samuel (2) 
and Abigail (Grant) Mather, was born in 
Windsor, April 23, 1710, died April 6, 
1752. He spent his entire life in the town 
of his birth. He married Sarah Marshall. 
Children: Sarah, who married Captain 
William Cooley, as mentioned previously ; 
Dorothy, Cotton. 

(VI) Rev. Timothy Mather Cooley, D. 
D., son of Captain William and Sarah 
(Mather) Cooley, was born in Granville, 
Massachusetts, March 13, 1772, and died 
December 14, 1859. A severe illness dur- 
ing his earlier years rendered him unfit 
for farm labors and he followed his natu- 
ral inclination for study. He matriculated 
at Yale College, having been prepared for 
entrance by a private tutor, and was 
graduated in 1792. Two years were spent 
in teaching schools in New Haven and 
Litchfield, Connecticut, and he then com- 
menced his theological studies with the 
Rev. Charles Backus, and was licensed to 
preach by the Association of New Haven 
County in 1795. His first pastorate was 
in East Granville, Massachusetts, where 
he was ordained, February 7, 1798, and 
this was the only charge he ever held, a 



period of fifty-eight years. At the same 
time he received this call, he received one 
from Salisbury, Connecticut. He also 
conducted a preparatory school, and there 
he prepared eight hundred boys for col- 
lege, and he was the first vice-president of 
Williams College. He married, May 14, 
1796, Content Chapman, bom in Gran- 
ville, April 29, 1776, daughter of Isaac 
and Ruth (Robinson) Chapman, the 
former a member of the company of Gran- 
ville Volunteers commanded by Captain 
William Cooley, mentioned above, and 
died of camp fever at Ticonderoga in 
1776. Children : Timothy Chapman, Isaac 
Augustus, William Bates, Eliza Content, 
Phineas Robinson, Harriet, Susannah 
Robinson, Samuel Mather, of further 
mention ; Jane Ruth, Mary Ann Bates. 

(VII) Samuel Mather Cooley, son of 
Rev. Timothy Mather and Content (Chap- 
man) Cooley, was born hi Granville, Mas- 
sachusetts, September 12, 1813, and died 
in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, July 14, 1887. 
His education was a sound and practical 
one, and he gradually prepared himself 
for business operations of importance. 
For some time he was successfully en- 
gaged in the mercantile business in West- 
ern New York, then continued in the 
same line in New Orleans, Louisiana, for 
a number of years. He was next associ- 
ated for a time with Spellman Brothers, 
of Albany, New York, and then estab- 
lished himself in the grocery business in 
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and carried this 
on for some time. His political affiliation 
was with the Republican party; he and 
his wife were members of the First Con- 
gregational Church; and his fraternal 
connection was with the Masonic order. 

Mr. Cooley married, December 2, 1850, 
Elmira Louisa Tillotson, born April 21, 
1831, who died June 13, 1912. Children: 
Hattie, married John M. Stevenson; 
Phineas Chapman ; Qara Louisa ; Arthur 
Nott, whose name heads this sketch. 

Only the eldest and youngest children are 
now living. Mrs. Cooley was a daughter 
of Timothy Cooley and Susan (Chester) 
Tillotson, who were married February 22, 
1827; granddaughter of Abel and Sarah 
(Cooley) Tillotson; great-granddaughter 
of Captain William Cooley, of the. fifth 
generation, mentioned above ; a descend- 
ant of John Tillotson, of Yorkshire, who 
arrived at Boston from Southampton in 
the ship "J^in^/' in 1635, located first at 
Rowley, Massachusetts, later in New- 
bury, Massachusetts, and then in Say- 
brook, Connecticut; Mrs. Cooley is also 
a niece of Rev. Eliphalet Nott, D. D., the 
.first president of Union College, Schenec- 
tady, New York. 

. (VIII) Arthur Nott Cooley, son of 
Samuel Mather and Elmira Louisa (Til- 
lotson) Cooley, was bom in Granville, 
Massachusetts, February 17, 1858. For a 
time he attended the public schools in 
Pittsfield, and from them went to Mills 
School in South Williamstown, where he 
was prepared for entrance to college. He 
was a student at Williams College in 1874, 
then matriculated at Yale College, from 
which he was graduated in the class of 
1878, among his class mates was William 
H. Taft, later president of the United 
States. Upon the completion of his edu- 
cation he engaged in the carriage business 
at Pittsfield, conducting this for a period 
of eight years. He then for a time 
traveled extensively, meanwhile making 
his home in the South. Upon his return 
to the North, he purchased about three 
hundred acres of land, and in the manage- 
ment of this property and the control of 
his financial interests he busily occupies 
his time. His is the only farm in Pitts- 
field from which certified milk can be 
obtained, and his herd of high grade cows 
is the finest in the section. Floriculture 
also engages a large share of his atten- 
tion, and his collection of orchids is one 
of the most complete and beautiful in the 



• t , 


- ( ! 


United States. He has taken many first 
and other prizes at various horticultural 
exhibitions, ^nd his greenhouses are 
models of their kind; they are arranged 
to have eighteen different temperatures. 
He is a director of the First National 
Bank. Mr. Cooley takes a deep interest 
in all matters which tend to the welfare 
of the community. He is president of the 
Associated Charities; president of the 
Berkshire Branch of the Red Cross Asso- 
ciation ; trustee of the Berkshire County 
Athenaeum, for which he furnished the 
children's room, and gave a finely 
mounted collection of native birds; a 
director of the Boys' Club; and also of 
the Crane Museum. He is a member of 
Crescent Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and of the Country Club, of which 
he has been president. His religious affili- 
ation is with the First Congregational 
Church. He is unmarried. 

GRANT, Prank, 

Aottve im Oomi 

The name of Grant is one which has 
been connected with honorable history for 
many generations, and with important 
events in the life of the country, and 
Frank Grant, of Westfield, Massachu- 
setts, is no exception to this rule. Al- 
though having been closely identified 
with business enterprises of importance, 
he nevertheless has given time to the 
public welfare of the community in which 
he lives, and is a leading spirit in every 
project which has for its object the de- 
velopment or improvement of the town or 
its inhabitants. 

Russell Grant (a descendant in the 
sixth generation from Matthew Grant, of 
Windsor, Connecticut, 1601-1681) was 
born in South Windsor (then East Wind- 
sor), December 29, 1754, and died March 
8, 1844. He married Rebecca Johnson 

and among his children was Lemuel, of 
whom further. 

Lemuel Grants sixth son of Russell 
Grant, married Everline Loomis and had 
children: Two boys who died in infancy; 
Frank, of whom further; Martha and 
Mary, both living in Westfield. 

Frank Grant, son of Lemuel and Ever- 
line (Loomis) Grant, was born in West- 
field, Massachusetts, December 21, 1850. 
He acquired a substantial education in 
the common and high schools of his na- 
tive town, leaving the latter institution at 
the age of sixteen years, and then entered 
the employ of the First National Bank of 
Westfield, in which he advanced to the 
position of teller. With increasing years 
his business interests expanded, and he 
became connected with various lines of 
industry and manufacture. Westfield is 
the center for whip manufacturing, and, 
like many of his fellow townsmen, Mr. 
Grant also became connected with it. In 
1873 ^^ became a member of the firm of 
George S. Peck & Company, acting as 
their traveling representative, selling their 
goods through the North West, and he 
continued thus until 1877 when he sold 
out his interest. For two years, 1876-78, 
he was treasurer of the Vitrified Wheel 
and Emery Company, of Ashland, and 
later Westfield, Massachusetts. In 1878 
he began the manufacture of corundum 
wheels in Manchester, New Hampshire, 
on his own account, being the first to 
manufacture wheels exclusively of corun- 
dum. In 1880 he moved this business to 
Chester, Massachusetts, where he con- 
tinued for two years, under the name of 
Frank Grant & Company. Later the busi- 
ness was incorporated under the title of 
Grant Corundum Wheel Company, he re- 
maining with the company until 1884 
when he disposed of his interest. He 
then again entered the whip business in 
Westfield under the firm name of Chap- 



man & Grant, this firm later uniting with 
the Atwater Manufacturing Company to 
form the Bay State Whip Company, of 
which he became treasurer and general 
manager. This was later merged with 
others to form the United States Whip 
Company, of which he was a director until 
1898. During this time (on March 24, 
1 891) Mr. Grant patented what is known 
as "Grant's Vulcanite Whip" (usually a 
rawhide, viz., a whip with a rawhide 
center), with an India rubber inner cover 
vulcanized on the whip thus producing 
an absolutely water-proof whip, a quality 
of the utmost importance in a whip, 
especially one with a rawhide center. This 
whip immediately became, as it is yet, the 
standard of excellence with users of 
whips throughout the United States. The 
patents for it were later sold to the United 
States Whip Company which controls its 
exclusive manufacture and sale. 

Mr. Grant is president of the Westfield 
Board of Trade ; secretary and treasurer 
of the Grant Family Association ; a vice- 
president of the New England Free Trade 
League ; trustee and director of the West- 
field Atheneum (public library), a mem- 
ber of its library committee and for fifteen 
years its treasurer. He gives his political 
allegiance to the Democratic party, and 
is an ardent advocate of single tax and 
free trade. His social membership is with 
the Westfield Club and the Get-Together 
Club. He has been a member of the First 
Congregational Church for many years, 
holding the office of deacon for ten years, 
and at the present time (1915) is a mem- 
ber of its prudential committee. 

Mr. Grant married, May 25, 1875, Ellen 
Frances Peebles, born in Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts, October 22, 1847, daughter of 
Lyman Peebles, born in Whitingham, 
Vermont, December i, 1816, died in West- 
field, Massachusetts, January 12, 1882, 
and Ursula (Sackett) Peebles, bom in 

Westfield, Massachusetts, July 3, 18^, 
died in Redlands, California, March 19, 
1895. Lyman Peebles was a grain mer- 
chant in Springfield, Massachusetts^ Mrs. 
Ellen Frances (Peebles) Grant was at 
one time organist of the Central Baptist 
Church in Westfield, Massachusetts. She 
is now a member of the First Congrega- 
tional Church, a charter member of the 
Shurtleff Mission for Destitute Children, 
and a charter member of the Tuesday 
Afternoon Club, one of the oldest and 
most prominent of the literary clubs of 
the town. Two sons were bom to Mr. 
and Mrs. Grant : Robert Lyman, of whom 
further; Raymond Windsor, bom Sep- 
tember 22, 1884, died at the age of eight 

Robert Lyman Grant, son of Frank 
Grant, was born January 2, 1879. After 
graduating from the Westfield High 
School he entered Amherst College, from 
which institution he was graduated with 
honors in the class of 1900. He then ac- 
cepted a clerkship in the Hampden Na- 
tional Bank, in Westfield, and later a 
position in the discount department of the 
First National Bank of Minneapolis, Min- 
nesota. He next went to Walla- Walla, 
Washington, as assistant cashier of the 
Baker-Boyer National Bank, the oldest in 
the State of Washington. In order to 
make an extended trip around the world, 
Mr. Grant resigned this position in Octo- 
ber, 1914, and upon his return to this 
country formed a connection with the firm 
of Charles Pratt & Company, of 26 Broad- 
way, New York City. Mr. Grant is un- 
married, and resides in Montclair, New 

STACKPOLE, George Heard, 

OItII Wav ▼•tonus, Leglalator,. 

If as eugenic authorities assert, the com- 
mingled blood of England, Ireland and 
Scotland forms the most virile of pre- 



natal influences, then is Mr. Stackpole 
most happily bom, for in him flows the 
blood of English, Irish and Scotch ances- 
tors. But whatever the contributing in- 
fluences to his strong and agreeable per- 
sonality, stress must be laid upon the fact 
that from a boy of sixteen years he has 
been the architect of his own fortunes and 
has won his way upward not through 
fortuitous circumstance or favor, but 
through sheer personal ability and 
strength of character. Now at an age 
and in circumstances justifying retirement 
he is still "in the harness," the directing 
head of a large business, full of energy 
and strong purpose to keep in the front 
rank with Lynn's progressive merchants 
and business men. 

George Heard Stackpole is the son of 
Timothy and Elizabeth (Heard) Stack- 
pole, and grandson of John Stackpole, of 
Somersworth, New Hampshire, where the 
American ancestor settled in 1632, found- 
ing one of the strongest of American 
families. Elizabeth Heard was a daugh- 
ter of Rev. George Heard, a minister of 
the Baptist church, who was pastor of 
the church at Emery Mills, York county, 
Maine, for forty years, although more 
important churches were offered him in 
Boston and elsewhere. But his heart was 
with the people who loved and trusted 
him and he remained their pastor until 
the end of his ministerial career. 

George H. Stackpole was bom in Dover, 
New Hampshire, September 7, 1843. ^^ 
obtained his early education in the public 
schools of Dover, where he resided until 
his sixteenth year, then completed his 
studies in the schools of Lynn, Massachu- 
setts,, to which city he removed in 1859 
and that has since been his home and the 
seat of his business activity. Lynn was 
then a city of 18,000 inhabitants, and it 
is a matter of self congratulation to him 
that in its growth to a city of 100,000 

people he has been privileged to assist 
in many ways. After leaving school he 
followed the example of many other 
young men of the city and engaged in 
that business that has made Lynn famous, 
the manufacture of shoes. He continued 
an employee of the shoe manufacturers 
until 1874, then under the advice and en- 
couragement of friends, engaged in busi- 
ness as an independent ice dealer. This 
venture proved a success, and from that 
time until the present the harvesting and 
marketing of ice has been the line of busi- 
ness activity to which he has devoted his 
energies and unusual managerial ability. 
He is president of the Lynn Ice Company 
capitalized at $100,000, and is also the ex- 
ecutive head of the North Side Ice Com- 
pany, capital of $225,000, both companies 
being prosperous business enterprises. A 
comparison of the methods of harvesting 
and marketing ice when Mr. Stackpole 
began business with the methods now in 
use by the companies he directs is most 
interesting. The oldest way was to cut 
the ice by hand, the horse-drawn plow 
followed, giving way to the steam-driven 
plow and carriers which in turn have 
been succeeded by electrically propelled 
machines that cut, block and trim the 
cakes ready for delivery. Mr. Stackpole 
eagerly adopted each improvement as 
soon as its superiority was proved, and 
the famous Lynn Bar that does the work 
of twenty men on the ice harvesting field 
is the invention of one of his employees, 
George Stevens. In former days three 
tons of ice handled by one man and a 
team of horses was a most satisfactory 
day's work. Recently one of his men de- 
livered in Lynn with an auto truck, fifty- 
two tons in one day. All other depart- 
ments of the business have been brought 
under equally perfected modem systems 
and over all Mr. Stackpole is the direct- 
ing head and presiding genius. He has 



ever been a man of decision and action, 
possessing those strong traits of char- 
acter that mark the New England busi- 
ness man as one of the finest products of 
the business world. He has ordered his 
life according to the strictest principles of 
fair dealing and uprightness, realizing to 
the fullest extent that character is a busi- 
ness man's best asset. 

Mr. Stackpole is not only the business 
"veteran" but proudly wears the emblem 
that testifies he is a Civil War "veteran." 
He enlisted August 6, 1864, in Com- 
pany B, Fourth Regiment Massachusetts 
Heavy Artillery, serving until honorably 
discharged, June 17, 1865. He values the 
friendship of his former comrades-in-arms 
and is actively associated with them in 
membership in the Grand Army of the 
Republic and in the Anchor Club, the 
latter an organization whose membership 
is limited to Grand Army men. 

In politics Mr. Stackpole is a Republi- 
can and has devoted considerable time to 
the public service of his city and State. 
He was a member of Lynn common 
council for two years, serving as chair- 
man of the license committee, and for one 
year was a member of the Board of Alder- 
men. His year of service as alderman 
was one of constant official duty, the 
board being called in regular and special 
session three hundred and fourteen times. 
In 1900 and 1901 he represented his dis- 
trict in the State Legislature, there ad- 
vocating the early death of all bills, save 
those of acknowledged importance. While 
that position was not a popular one with 
the legislators it would, if adhered to, 
expedite public business and reduce legis- 
lative costs. 

Mr. Stackpole is held in high esteem by 
a large circle of friends, both business and 
social, and has ever proved himself 
worthy of the confidence reposed in him. 
He has met every obligation of life 
squarely, and his religious creed is 

contained in one sentence "I will do 
right." His cardinal principles are the 
sacredness of an obligation and the per- 
formance of each duty promptly and well. 
He is emphatically a "home man" and in 
his family circle finds his greatest satis- 
faction and joy. For forty-two years he 
has been a member of Bay State Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
in all that time has never been reported 
. "sick" or drawn lodge benefits. He is 
also a member of the auxiliary order. The 
Daughters of Rebekah. 

Mr. Stackpole married, December 7, 
1865, Mary A. Harwood, their wedding 
day also a day named by the President 
of the United States as a day of special 
thanksgiving that war no longer raged 
between the two sections of our fair land. 
Four children have brightened their 
home : George S., who died at the age of 
twenty-eight years ; Charles Vassar, now 
a prosperous merchant of Lynn; Mabel 
E., married Prescott Newhall, of Lynn; 
Annie Louise, died aged eighteen months. 
The family are active supporters of the 
Baptist church. 

CLOGHER, Ambroee, 

LawTer, H atloBal Chimrd Ofl««r. 

Although the greater part of his life 
was spent in Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts, Ambrose Clogher was a native 
of New York State, born February 20, 
1872, in Utica, son of Peter A. and Lizzie 
M. (Qarke) Clogher. His grandfather, 
Peter Clogher, was born in June, 1813, 
in Ireland, and was educated for a civil 
engineer. As a young man he went to 
Canada, whence he went to Utica, New 
York, and there engaged in the manu- 
facture of woolens until his death in 1878. 
His wife, Rebecca (McGibbon) Clogher, 
died in 185 1, aged about thirty-five years. 
To them were born seven children as fol- 
lows: Roger A.; Isabella, who died at 



the age of thirteen ; William E., who died 
at the age of thirty-two ; Peter Alexander, 
of further mention ; Mary, who died un- 
married about sixty-seven years of age; 
Katherine ; and Theodore, who died when 
about two years old. 

Peter Alexander Clogher, the third son 
of Peter and Rebecca (McGibbon) Clog- 
her, was born January 19, 1845, ^^ Utica, 
New York, and resides now in Hinsdale, 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, where 
he has been manager of the Hinsdale 
Woolen Mills since 1877, a period of 
thirty-eight years. He has served the 
town for two terms as selectman, but be- 
yond this he has repeatedly declined to 
accept nomination for office on account of 
the demands of his business. During the 
Civil War he served for three years as a 
member of Company E, Fifteenth Indiana 
United States Volunteers, but never be- 
came affiliated with any veteran associa- 
tions. He married Lizzie M. Clarke, 
daughter of William and Rosanna (Mc- 
Quaid) Clarke, in Utica, New York, and 
they are the parents of five children : Am- 
brose, of further mention; William E., 
now residing in Mankato, Minnesota, 
where he is the manager of the Mankato 
Spinning & Knitting Mills Company ; Re- 
becca, the wife of David J. Maloney, an 
attorney at law, living in Chelsea, Massa- 
chusetts, and practicing in Boston ; Alex- 
ander Clarke, who is a hydraulic engineer 
in New York City; and Ralph, a physi- 
cian, residing and practicing in Utica, 
New York. 

Ambrose Clogher was five years of age 
when his parents moved to Hinsdale. He 
received his academic training in the 
schools of that town where he continued 
to reside until 191 1, when he removed his 
residence to Pittsfield. In 1894 he gradu- 
ated from Manhattan College, New York 
City, after which he was employed as as- 
sistant by his father for some time, dur- 

ing which he began the study of law. In 
1896 he entered the law office of Walter 
F. Hawkins, of Pittsfield, where he com- 
pleted his law studies, and was admitted 
to the bar in January, 1901. For the suc- 
ceeding five years he was associated in 
practice with his preceptor and since the 
close of that period has continued inde- 
pendent practice with offices in the Agri- 
cultural National Bank Building at Pitts- 
field. Mr. Clogher has devoted his atten- 
tion particularly to corporate law, and in 
1908 he promoted and organized a corpo- 
ration known as the Enfield Power Com- 
pany, the object of which was to effect 
the restoration of navigation on the Con- 
necticut river between Hartford and Hol- 
yoke, in connection with the establish- 
ment of a large hydraulic power plant. 
For fifty years or more the citizens of 
Springfield and the Connecticut Valley 
in Massachusetts had been urging the 
United States government to make the 
improvements necessary in the Connecti- 
cut river to restore navigation above 
Hartford. Certain interests in Connecti- 
cut always opposed this proposition and 
succeeded -in securing the arraignment of 
the State of Connecticut and its repre- 
sentatives in Congress against Massachu- 
setts and its representatives so that, ex- 
cept for numerous surveys of the river 
made by the United States engineers, 
nothing had been accomplished toward 
the restoration of navigation. The con- 
troversy between these interests had cul- 
minated in another adverse report by the 
United States engineers when Mr. Clog- 
her appeared in Springfield and interested 
some twenty or twenty-five prominent 
bankers and business men in his brother's 
proposition, who financed and organized 
the Enfield Power Company which, 
through the further efforts of Mr. Clogher, 
finally succeeded in breaking the Connec- 
ticut opposition and securing the co- 



operation of a large and influential syndi- 
cate of men from Connecticut, thereby 
concentrating the efforts of the Massa- 
chusetts navigationists and the Connecti- 
cut Power people against the opposition 
of the landed proprietors who held out 
against navigation. So after fifty years of 
controversy, Mr. Clogher may be said to 
have effected the cooperation of the forces 
necessary to accomplish the much desired 
result and the future of the corporation 
he organized seems to assure the restora- 
tion of navigation, and the creation of 
much needed power throughout the dis- 
trict. During the period from 1908 to 
191 5, while he was working on the Con- 
necticut river problem, he associated with 
many of the most prominent men in both 
Connecticut and Massachusetts and was 
frequently heard before various com- 
mittees of Congress in Washington de- 
bating the problems of conservation into 
which his navigation schemes were inti- 
mately woven, where his accurate and ex- 
tensive knowledge of both Federal and 
State corporate law attracted much favor- 
able attention. 

With a constantly growing practice he 
is appreciated and esteemed by the pro- 
fession and respected and trusted by the 
public. With the advance of time, Mr. 
Clogher has grown in grasp upon public 
attention and has proven to be an active 
factor in political affairs in his town and 
county. By his energetic efforts Demo- 
cratic sentiment in Hinsdale was united 
and organized until the town was safely 
counted in the Democratic column. For 
six years, Mr. Qogher served as chairman 
of the school board of Hinsdale and per- 
formed efficient and progressive service in 
that capacity. He served on many poli- 
tical committees and was an ardent party 
worker but never held office except as 
above mentioned. 

In spite of his many activities, Mr. 

Qogher found time to write upon many 
subjects and was frequently called upon 
as a speaker upon occasions of public in- 
terest. He also wrote several short stories 
concerning military life in the National 
Guard, among the best of which were 
"Moxie's Bridge," 'The Drafting of Bud 
Evans" and ''Lieutenant Harmon's 
Duty," all of which were published from 
time to time in various military maga. 
zines. In March, 1905, Mr. Clogher en- 
listed as a private in Company F, Second 
Infantry, Massachusetts National Guard, 
and because of his previous military ex- 
perience, gained while at college, he was 
rapidly advanced through the several 
grades and elected second lieutenant in 
June of that sanie year. In the following 
March he was elected first lieutenart, 
which position he held until May, 1912, 
when, on the retirement of Captain John 
Nicholson, he was elected captain, his 
present rank. While he was serving as 
lieutenant he took great interest in all the 
affairs of his company, and his influence, 
skill and ability in the military line were 
felt not only in his own organization, but 
were recognized throughout his regiment 
and the State. Captain Clogher is an 
ardent advocate of the Massachusetts 
Service School for Officers and the Train- 
ing School for Enlisted Men, and was the 
only officer who received a certificate of 
high credit in the first class graduated 
from the Massachusetts Service School. 
In recognition of his ability, Colonel Wil- 
liam C. Hayes, commanding the Second 
Infantry, selected Captain Clogher as the 
representative from his regiment ; he was 
recommended for appointment by Gov- 
ernor Walsh as a member of his military 
staff, and in December, 1913, Governor 
David I. Walsh appointed him as one of 
his detailed aides-de-camp, which posi- 
tion he held during the Governor's term 
of office. Mr. Clogher is a past grand 





knight of the Knights of Columbus, a 
member of the Park Club, Improved 
Order of Red Men, and Sons of Veterans, 
and is a member of St. Joseph's Roman 
Catholic Church. On August 28, 191 iz, he 
married Madge Carney, of Adams, a 
daughter of John J. and Margaret H. Car- 

LALLY, WiUiam J., 

Among the younger physicians of Pitts- 
field who have gained excellent stand- 
ing in the profession and as citizens is 
the subject of this notice. Dr. Lally occu- 
pies a good station in the social life of the 
community, and is exerting an influence 
in the promotion of moral welfare, as well 
as in safeguarding the health of the peo- 
ple. He was born July 27, 1888, in North 
Adams, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
and is therefore not unknown to many 
people of the section. His grandfather, 
Patrick Lally, was a native of Ireland 
who came to America when a young man 
and settled in Williamstown, where he 
followed agriculture, and also engaged in 
contracting with success. His son, Wil- 
liam H. Lally, was born in 1858, in Wil- 
liamstown, and was a dealer in coal and a 
general contractor at North Adams, Mas- 
sachusetts, until his death in 1900. He 
married Mary Nolan, a native of Water- 
ville. New York, daughter of James and 
Bridget Nolan, of Irish extraction. They 
were the parents of seven children, of 
whom Dr. William J. Lally is the eldest. 
The others are : John Joseph, who gradu- 
ated at Georgetown Dental College and is 
now engaged in the practice of dentistry 
in Pittsfield; Anna Mary, a graduate of 
the New York School of Applied Art and 
Design; Mary, a graduate of New Ro- 
chelle College, in preparation for teach- 
ing; Clare; Gertrude; Charles. 

Dr. William J. Lally secured his pri- 

mary education in the schools of North 
Adams and Williamstown, and after due 
preparation he entered Holy Cross Col- 
lege, at Worcester, Massachusetts. Sub- 
sequently he was a student at George- 
town University, where he graduated in 
medicine in 1912. Before graduating, he 
spent one year in the Children's Hospital 
at Washington, D. C, for training, and 
after graduation he spent a year in the 
Casualty Hospital of the same city. In 
the autumn of 191 3 he located at Pitts- 
field for the practice of his profession, and 
has established a good general practice. 
Dr. Lally is possessed of a pleasing per- 
sonality, is thoroughly grounded in the 
principles of medicine and surgery, and 
wins friends in every circle where he 
moves. He is a member of the Phi Chi, 
a medical college fraternity, of the Massa- 
chusetts Medical Society, and also of the 
orders of Knights of Columbus, Moose 
and Owls. While he does not take an 
active part in political movements, he 
feels the interest of every good citizen in 
the progress of his native land and of the 
world, and is an independent Democrat 
in principle. His friends include many of 
the leading citizens of the county, and 
they are never disappointed in him. 

MILLER, Kelton Bedell, 

Editor, PnUiflher* 

Kelton B. Miller, proprietor and pub- 
lisher of the "Pittsfield Eagle," is a native 
of the Empire State, born September 8, 
i860, in New Baltimore, Greene county, 
son of Henry S. and Antoinette (Bedell) 
Miller. He is a descendant of one of the 
old Dutch families which settled in New 
York in the vicinity of Albany, and of an 
English Quaker family which settled at 
Hempstead, Long Island, in the seven- 
teenth century. At the age of eight years 
Mr. Miller located in Pittsfield, where 
most of his life has been passed and 



where he has achieved success in the 
newspaper field and established a place in 
the hearts of his fellows. 

He was educated in the public schools 
of Pittsfield, graduating from the high 
school in 1876. In the following year he 
was apprenticed to learn the trade of 
brickmaker, but, having a bent for busi- 
ness, he qualified himself for an account- 
ant and occupied a position in that line 
for some time. For some years he was 
engaged in mercantile business, embark- 
ing in various ventures prior to 1891. In 
that year the city government of Pitts- 
field was established, and Mr. Miller was 
elected city clerk. For three and one- 
half years he filled the oilice with satis- 
faction to the citizens and officers, in the 
meantime becoming interested in the 
"Berkshire County Eagle," the leading 
journal of the county. He resigned the 
office of city clerk in order to devote his 
entire time to the development and prog- 
ress of the newspaper by issuing a daily 
edition. "The Eagle" is one of the oldest 
papers now published in the Union, hav- 
ing been founded under the name of the 
"Stockbridge Star," in 1789, at Stock- 
bridge, Massachusetts. There it was con- 
tinued thirty-nine years and was then re- 
moved to Lenox, taking an additional 
name and known as the "Star and County 
Republican." In 1829 it passed to the 
ownership of John L. Goodrich, who 
changed its name to the "Berkshire Jour- 
nal." Two years later it was consolidated 
with a journal published in Pittsfield, 
under the name "Argus," and the plant of 
the latter was moved to Lenox, where the 
paper was issued under the nam« of 
"Argus and Journal." The name was 
again changed August 28, 1834, when it 
became the "Massachusetts Eagle." In 
1842 a simultaneous issue at Lenox and 
Pittsfield was announced, and this ar- 
rangement continued two years, at the 

end of which time the Lenox date line 
was dropped and the issue has since con- 
tinued at Pittsfield, beginning in January, 
1844. Some five years later its name be- 
came the "Berkshire County Eagle," 
under which name the weekly edition has 
continued to the present and now has the 
largest circulation of any weekly paper 
published in the county. On May 9, 1892, 
the first number of the "Berkshire Even- 
ing Eagle" was issued, and this edition 
became at once popular and is now the 
most widely circulated journal of its class 
in the county. In 1891 a corporation was 
formed under the laws of Massachusetts, 
known as the Eagle Publishing Company, 
for the purpose of conducting these edi- 
tions, and the entire capital stock of the 
concern is now held by Kelton B. Miller, 
who controls its policy and management. 
In the early part of the past century it 
was among the most firm supporters of 
the Whig party in public matters, and it 
was one of the pioneer advocates of Re- 
publican principles, to which it still gives 
steadfast allegiance. Its present pro- 
prietor has always been ardent and con- 
sistent in this allegiance, as were his 
father and grandfather, both of whom 
voted twice for Abraham Lincoln. The 
grandfather, a strong Abolitionist, voted 
for John C. Fremont in 1856. Kelton B. 
Miller's successful management of all the 
departments of the "Eagle" is a natural 
consequence of his natural business apti- 
tude, as evidenced in other lines of en- 
deavor. He is a director of the Berkshire 
Loan & Trust Company, trustee of the City 
Savings Bank of Pittsfield, a member of 
the Board of Trade, and served two terms 
as mayor of the city, in 191 1 and 1912. 
He is a member of the Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, tracing descent from nine 
ancestors who fought in the Continental 
army. He married, in 1893, Eva H. Hal- 
lenbeck, of Coxsackie, New York, and 
they are the parents of five children. 



DWINNELL, Clifton H., 

B«nk«r, Tetenut of CItII War. 

Tradition differs as to the origin of this 
family, some saying it was Scotch, and 
others French Huguenot. One branch of 
the family has supposed that the Dwinells 
came from France, where a Count Dwinell 
was settled near La Rochelle. The spell- 
ing of the surname has always varied. 
Even at the present day we find his de- 
scendants called Dwinell, Dwinnell and 
Dwinel. The surname as written in the 
town records of Topsfield, where the pio- 
neer settled, has the following variations : 
Dewnell, Duenell, Doenell, Donell, Dun- 
ell, Dwinnill. But the best authority is 
that of Rev. Joseph Capen, of Topsfield. 
who spelled the name Dwinell on his 
records from 1684 to 1725. The name 
Michael was also spelled in divers ways. 

(I) Michael Dwinell was bom about 
1640, and appears in Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he died about 171 7, his will 
being proved in March of that year. He 
was possessed of considerable property, 
owning land in Wenham and Middle- 
town. Very little can be discovered in 
the records concerning him. His wife's 
name was Mary, and they had children: 
Mary, born 1668, married John Hovey; 
Michael, mentioned below ; Thomas, bom 
November, 1672, married Dinah Brims- 
dell; John, 1674, married Mary Read; 
Elizabeth, April, 1677, died October 29, 
1759, unmarried; Magdalen, 1679, mar- 
ried James Holgate, March, 1703, at 
Salem, Massachusetts; Joseph, January, 
1682, married Prudence ; Susan- 
nah, 1685, married Killum, before 

1710; Johanna, 1688, married Nathaniel 
Hood, of Lynn, October 16, 1706. 

(II) Dr. Michael (2) Dwinell, eldest 
son of Michael (i) and Mary Dwinell, 
was bom December 5, 1670, in Topsfield, 
and died there December 24, 1761, aged 
ninety-one years. He was the first physi- 

cian in the town of Topsfield, and was 
many years a prominent citizen of that 
town. It is impossible to learn where he 
prepared for practice, but it was un- 
doubtedly with some other physician in 
that vicinity. He had five wives, the bap- 
tismal name of the first being Hannah, 
which is all that is preserved concerning 
her. He married (second) December 20, 
1724, Elizabeth Fisk, born September 15, 
1704, in Wenham, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Sarah (Warner) Fisk, 
died March 26, 1730. He married (third) 
Elizabeth Cave, who died in February, 
1737. He married (fourth) July 6, 1737, 
in Salem, Charity Cotton, who died No- 
vember 8, 1752. He married (fifth) Feb- 
ruary I, 1753, Widow Mary Balch. His 
will dated July 17, 1753, mentions wife 
Mary; sons Michael, Stephen, Jacob; 
daughters Sarah Foster, Mary, Hannah 
and Abigail Dwinell, and granddaughter 
Esther, wife of David Balch. Children of 
the first marriage : Thomas, bom October 
3» 1693* married Mary Perkins; Sarah, 
1694, married Abram Foster, of Ipswich ; 
Mary, 1702; Michael, mentioned below; 
Stephen, 1708, married Abigail Harris; 
Hannah, 1710, married John Bower; Ja- 
cob, 1715, married Keziah Gould; Abi- 
gail, 1719, married Humphrey Deering; 
children of the second marriage : Benja- 
min, born November, 1726, married Mary 
Este ; Thomas, August, 1729 ; children of 
the third marriage: Samuel, born 1731; 
Elizabeth, October, 1733. 

(Ill) Michael (3) Dwinell, second son 
of Dr. Michael (2) and Hannah Dwinell, 
was born January 7, 1706, in Topsfield, 
and died while a soldier of the French 
and Indian War, in 1755. He was one of 
the four men from Topsfield in that war. 
He married, September 27, 1727, in Salem, 
Lucy Towne, of Topsfield, who died April 
I5» 1764^ "an aged woman.** Children: 
Bartholomew, mentioned below; Lucy, 
bom March 28, 1730, married William 



Moneys; a child, died August 3, 1731; 
Hannah, born February 17, 1732, married 
James Meragin, of Marblehead ; Michael, 
January 6, 1735, married Martha Averill; 
a child, died 1739. 

(IV) Bartholomew Dwinell, eldest 
child of Michael (3) and Lucy (Towne) 
Dwinell, was bom August 5, 1728, in 
Topsfield, and baptized in the church 
there, October 24, 1736. He was an early 
settler in Keene, New Hampshire, where 
he was a farmer, and died November 21, 
1801. He married in Wenham, March 19, 
1752, Sarah Moulton, born there January 
5, 1733, daughter of John and Hannah 
(Killain) Moulton, of that town, died 
1822 in Keene. Children : Hannah, bom 
October 29, 1753, married William Towne, 
1777; Michael, November 28, 1755, died 
175s ; Sarah, September, 1757 ; Lucy, Janu- 
ary, 1760; Bartholomew, March, i762,mar- 
ried Rebecca Towne; Anna, December, 
1763, married Ezekiel Graves; Huldah, 
March 17, 1768, married Jonathan French, 
June, 1787; Lydia, September 8, 1769, 
married Israel Hill, June, 1789; Michael, 
mentioned below. 

(V) Michael (4) Dwinnell, third son of 
Bartholomew and Sarah (Moulton) Dwin- 
ell, was born November 12, 1771, in Tops- 
field, and was a child of about twelve 
years when he went with his parents to 
Keene, New Hampshire. He removed 
from Keene to Charlestown, New Hamp- 
shire, where he died. He married (first) 
Lydia Towne, born March 24, 1775, in 
Rindge, New Hampshire, daughter of 
Francis and Phebe (Towne) Towne, of 
Rindge. He married a second wife in 
Charlestown. Children of the first mar- 
riage: Francis, mentioned below; Polly, 
born 1800, married Lorin Morse; Har- 
riet, 1801, married Sawyer; Lydia, 

1803, married Powers; Candace, 

1806; Clarissa, 1810, married Stew- 
art; Clarinda, unmarried; Thursa, died 

unmarried; children by the second mar- 
riage; Warren, and a daughter, Sally. 

(VI) Francis Dwinnell, eldest child of 
Michael (4) and Lydia (Towne) Dwin- 
nell, was born July 26, 1798, in Keene, 
and grew up on his father's farm in his 
native town, attending the district schools 
adjacent to his home. He became a farmer 
in Charlestown and died in that town, in 
October, 1843. He married, August 26, 
1821, Nancy Tarbell, of Walpole, New 
Hampshire. Children: i. Elithea Dud- 
ley, born November 18, 1822, married 
Abram Downer Hull, October 24, 1848; 
died June 16, 1852. 2. Martha Ann Jud- 
son, bom January 17, 1829, married Amos 
Leander Doane, April 2, 1850, of Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts. 3. Rebecca Dean, 
bom January 28, 1832, died October 5, 
1848. 4. Benjamin Dudley, mentioned 
below. 5. William Tarbell, born August 
25, 1836, married (first) Margaret Eliza- 
beth Auld, February 18, i860; she died 
Febmary 17, 1874; married (second) 
Agnes Louise Greenman, November 3, 
1874; she died May 2, 1894; married 
(third) Martha Elizabeth Long, June 4, 
1895 » b^ di^^ i^ March, 1914, in Mulhall, 

(VII) Benjamin Dudley Dwinnell, 
eldest son of Francis and Nancy (Tar- 
bell) Dwinnell, was bom September 14, 
1834, in Charlestown, New Hampshire, 
and received his early education in the 
public schools there. After spending one 
year in a printing ofHce in Claremont, 
New Hampshire, he settled in Worcester, 
Massachusetts, where he began his career 
as clerk in the hardware store of C. Foster 
& Company. The outbreak of the Civil 
War aroused his patriotic sentiments and 
he enlisted in 1862 in the Fifty-first Mas- 
sachusetts Regiment, of which he became 
quartermaster, receiving his commission 
from Governor Andrew with the rank of 
first lieutenant. At the expiration of the 



first term of enlistment, he became first 
lieutenant and quartermaster in the Sec- 
ond Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Ar- 
tillery in 1864, of which General A. B. 
R. Sprague was then lieutenant-colonel. 
This regiment saw active service in Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina, and Lieutenant 
Dwinnell was brevetted major, a title by 
which he was thereafter known. He was 
mustered out of the service in September, 
1865, and immediately engaged in the 
lumber and turpentine trade in the South, 
where he continued several years. Re- 
turning to Worcester he became assistant 
postmaster of the city under General Josi- 
ah Pickett, and in 1875 ^^^ appointed 
jailer and master of the House of Correc- 
tion at Fitchburg. For thirty-nine years 
he continued in this responsible position 
under various succeeding sheriffs, and 
was very popular with the county officers, 
and administered the institution to the 
satisfaction of the community. In 1908 
he was appointed sheriff of Worcester 
county to fill the unexpired term of Gen- 
eral Robert H. Chamberlain, resigned, 
and the following year was elected sheriff 
of Worcester county for a term of five 
years, and has continued to fill that posi- 
tion to the present time. He has also 
served as a member of the City Council of 
Fitchburg for two years. Politically he 
has always been a Republican. He is a 
director of the Worcester Mutual Fire In- 
surance Company of Worcester, and of 
the Burbank Hospital of Fitchburg, and a 
trustee of the Fitchburg Savings Bank. 
He is a member of the Loyal Legion, and 
of E. V. Sumner Post, No. 19, Grand 
Army of the Republic, at Fitchburg ; and 
is prominent in the Masonic fraternity, 
being a member of the Morning Star 
Lodge, of Worcester; Thomas Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons, and Jerusalem Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, of Fitchburg. 
He is a faithful attendant of divine wor- 
ship at the First Baptist Church. 

He married, December 19, 1861, Ellen 
Adelaide Shepard, daughter of Russell 
Rice and Sarah (Hill) Shepard, of Wor- 
cester. She died in Fitchburg, January 
30, 191 1. Children: i. Florence Russell, 
born January 12, 1864, married, June 29, 
1892, John Herbert Daniels, of Fitchburg, 
and has children: Ellen Shepherd, born 
June 10, 1893; George Eaton, May 17, 
1896; Florence Dwinnell, November 15, 
1900. 2. Josephine Hill, born May 19, 
1870, died March 23, 1871. 3. Clifton 
Howard, born March 13, 1873; ^ gradu- 
ate of the Worcester School of Tech- 
nology ; is now first vice-president of the 
First National Bank of Boston; he mar- 
ried Elisabeth Adamson Marshall, daugh- 
ter of John Knox Marshall, of Brookline, 
Massachusetts, and has children : Sabina 
Adamson, born August 11, 1903; Clifton 
Howard, October 12, 1905; Marshall, 
September 28, 1907 ; Elisabeth, March 24, 
191 1. 4. Irving Francis, bom February 
3, 1877; three years a student at the 
Worcester School of Technology ; is now 
second assistant clerk of Courts of 
Worcester County; he married, March 11, 
191 1, Stella Anna Woodward, daughter of 
Frederick Francis Woodward, of Fitch- 

KENT, Daniel, 

Lawyer, Pnblie OAeiaL 

Between 1633 and 1644 there came from 
England to New England three families 
bearing the surname Kent who became 
the progenitors of three distinct lines 
whose descendants have contributed an 
honorable service toward the upbuilding 
of the moral, educational and political his- 
tory of the country. 

In 1633 the "good shipp Mary & John" 
of London had as pasesngers Richard 
Kent, Sr., and Richard Kent, Jr. They 
are supposed to have been cousins. They 
settled at Newbury, Massachusetts, where 



they were joined in 1634 by James Kent, 
a brother of Richard Kent, Jr. In 1635 
Stephen Kent, a brother of Richard Kent, 
Sr., joined them. He evidently returned 
to England, as his name appears with 
that of his wife, Margery, on the list of 
passengers of the ship "Confidence" in 
1638. He remained at Newbury until 
1646 when he removed to Haverhill and 
in 1665 settled in Woodbridge, New Jersey. 
The descendants of these Kents are 
known as the Newbury line. 

Thomas Kent, born in England, emi- 
grated with his wife prior to 1643 ^"^ 
was one of the proprietors of Gloucester, 
where he settled. His son, Samuel, re- 
moved to Broc4[fieM and on the destruc- 
tion of that town by the Indians in 1676 
went to Suffield, Connecticut, where he 
died February 2, 1690-91. The Kent Me- 
morial Library stands on the site of the 
1(^ cabin which he built upon his arrival 
at Suffield. To this Gloucester line be- 
longs James' Kent, Chancellor of New 
York and author of "Kent's Commen- 
taries on American Law." He was bom 
at Fredericksburg, New York, July 31, 
1763. His ancestry was Moss', Elisha', 
John', Samuel*, Thomas'. 

Under date of May 2, 1643, the town 
records of Dedham state that "Joshuah 
Kent is admitted Townsman & hath liber- 
tie to purchase Edward Culuers Lott." 
The records of the First Church of Ded- 
ham say that "Joshua Kent went for Eng- 
land wth our testimonial! but to retume 
againe irm 1644, md he returned 1645," 
"md ye said Joshuah Kent having brought 
ov'r 2 of his brothers & placed them in y* 
country yet wth his wife returned to Eng- 
land lom 1647." "md ye said Joshuah 
I ye trebles arising againe in 
I wares ther 1648 he returned 
Fe againe about ye 8ni yt yeare." 
rs were named John and Joseph, 
e brothers were the founders of 
tn Kent line. 

The Kent English ancestry has not 
been traced and it is not known what re- 
lationship existed, if any, between the 
Kents of Newbury, Gloucester and Ded- 

It is the Dedham line and especially the 
descendants of John' Kent, the ancestc»- 
of Daniel' Kent, of Worcester, which will 
be considered in this sketch. 

Joshua Kent was a prominent man and 
active in affairs of church and town. His 
will is dated April 22, 1664. He died at 
Dedham leaving a widow and three 

Joseph Kent is mentioned in the tax 
rate of Dedham in 1659. He was at Block 
Island, May 4, 1664, when he petitioned 
the Legislature. On December 15, 1673, 
he was admitted an inhabitant of Swan- 
sea. He died at Swansea in 1704 leaving 
four sons and one daughter. 

In the genealogy of the Kent family by 
Edward E. Kent, John' Kent is given as 
son of Richard Kent, Sr., of Newbury, 
This is an error, as is amply proven by 
various church and town records. The 
will of Elizabeth Harder, of Braintree, 
June I, 1664, names John and Joseph, and 
Joshua Kent's three daughters. 

(I) John Kent was admitted to the 
Dedham church, July 16, 1652, and was 
admitted a freeman. May 3, 1654. He 
was on a tax list dated August 29, 1653, 
and he continued to be taxed at Dedham 
until November 22, 1664. He was one of 
the signers of a petition to the General 
Court, May 7, 1662 ; he was elected one 
of the fence viewers for the "West Field" 
February 24, 1664-65. He removed to 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, and was re- 
ceived in the Charlestown church by 
letter from the Dedham church with his 
wife, Hannah, April 13, 1673. His wife 
was admitted to the church at Dedham, 
February 5, 1664. They were in Charles- 
town in 1667 when their first child was 


born. He was tythingman at Charlestown 
in 1679. 

John Kent married at Dedham, May 21, 
1662, Hannah Griswold, who was born at 
Cambridge, March 4, 1644-45, ^^^ ^^^^ 
at Charlestown, January 9, 1690-91, the 
daughter of Francis and Mary Griswold 
(or Grissell), of Charlestown, who resided 
on the north side of Kirtland street. On 
December 5, 1636, "There is granted unto 
Francis Greshold, the Drummer, two 
acres of land lying at the end of Bar- 
nabe Lambson's pole toward Charles- 
towne, in regard of his services amongst 
the soldiers upon all occasions, as long as 
he stayeth." He died at Charlestown, 
October 2, 1652. No record of John 
Kent's death has been found. He was 
living at Charlestown as late as 1707 
when he conveyed land. The children of 
John and Hannah (Griswold) Kent were: 
I. Hannah, born July 2, 1667; married 
Joseph Cahoon. 2. Maria, born Febru- 
ary 3, 1669. 3. John, Jr., born 1670; mar- 
ried (first) Sarah Smith, December 22, 

1692; (second) Elizabeth ; in 1698 

he moved to Scituate and in 1709 to 
Mansfield where he died 1753; he was 
representative in 1724, 4. Joshua, born 
June 15, 1672, died June 20, 1672. 5. 
Joshua, born July 4, 1674 ; married Agnes 
Okeman, November 4, 1697; he lived in 
Boston. 6. Joseph, born October 13, 
1675; married, November 26, 1702, Re- 
becca Chittendon, of Scituate ; he lived at 
Charlestown where he died May 30, 1753. 
7. Samuel, born March 23, 1678, died 
March 16, 1702-03. 8. Ebenezer, men- 
tioned below. 9. Lydia, born July 16, 
1683; married, 1714, Ebenezer Simmons, 
of Scituate. 10. Mary, born May 12, 
1686; married, 1710, Joseph Barber, of 
Hingham. 11. Susannah, born August 
13, 1689. 

(II) Ebenezer Kent, son of John* Kent, 
was bom in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 

iiASS-voi rv-10 145 

August 18, 1680, and died at Hingham, 
February 16, 1752, aged according to the 
gravestone seventy-one years, six months. 
He settled in Hingham about 1703 and 
resided in the second precinct on what is 
now Beechwood street, and built the first 
dwelling house on the west side of the 
Conahasset river. On March 19, 1706-07, 
the town of Scituate granted Ebenezer 
Kent lot one hundred and eighty contain- 
ing ten acres. He lived at Scituate as late 
as 1712 at least, out in 1717 he was again 
residing at Hingham. He became a mem- 
ber of the second church in Hingham 
(Cohasset) at its foundation, December 
13, 1721. In 1727 and 1736 he was elected 
constable. In 1737 he was one of the 
grantees of the Beechwood Cemetery, 
Hingham. His will was dated June 16, 
1748, and appointed his sons, Isaac and 
Ebenezer, executors. 

He married December 8, 1703, Hannah 
Gannett, who was born at Scituate in 
1684, and died at Hingham, March 27, 
1767, the daughter of Joseph and Deborah 
(Coombs) Gannett, and granddaughter of 
Matthew and Hannah Gannett. Matthew 
Gannett was born in England in 1618, 
and died in 1695 > his wife died at Scitu- 
ate, July 10, 1700, aged seventy-eight 
years. The children of Ebenezer and 
Hannah (Gannett) Kent were: i. Abi- 
gail, born October 12, 1706, died March 
12, 1709. 2. Hannah, bom 1707; married, 
January 16, 1727-28, Israel Whitcomb, Jr., 
of Hingham. 3. Mercy, bom July 31, 
1708; married, November 27, 1725, Ste- 
phen Stodder, Jr., of Hingham. 4. Eliza- 
beth, born September 6, 1710; married 
(first) May 7, 1735, Eldakim Mayo, of 

Boston; (second) Pitcher. 5. 

Susannah, born about 171 1, died April 
22, 1715. 6. Isaac, born September 27, 
1712; married Rachel Bates, October 25, 
1739; removed in 1745 to Milford, Massa- 
chusetts. 7. Mary, born 1715; married, 


August 31, 1743, Joseph Blake. 8. Eben- 
ezer, mentioned below. 9. Seth, bom 
April 13, 1 72 1. 10. Abigail, born March 
29, 1723; married, October 22, 1744, 
Joseph Souther, of Hingham. 11.. Lydia, 
born April 24, 1725; married, December 
22^ 1748, Noah Ripley, of Hingham. 12. 
Deacon Abel, born August 7, 1730; mar- 
ried Hannah Hobart, daughter of Rev. 
Nehemiah Hobart, and lived at Cohasset 
(III) Ebenezer Kent, son of Eben- 
ezer* Kent, (John*) was bom at Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, April 18, 1717, 
and died at Leicester, Massachusetts, 
February 3, 1786. He learned the trade 
of cooper. He bought twenty-three acres 
of land at Leicester, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 7, 1743, of Benjamin Tillson, of 
Dorchester, for fifty-seven pounds, ten 
shillings. He added to this plot twenty 
acres bought of Joseph Torrey, Novem- 
ber 6, 1746, and thirty-two acres, adjoin- 
ing, September 3, 1748, also of Torrey. 
His farm was located in the northeasterly 
part of Leicester. He and his family 
came from Hingham to live there in or 
about 1744. His name appears frequently 
on the town records of Leicester. In 1747 
he was elected sealer of weights and 
measures, to which office he was annually 
elected with but few exceptions until 1774. 
He was constable, surveyor of highways 
and tythingman. When Rev. Joseph 
Roberts was dismissed from his pastoral 
charge in 1762, "Mr." Ebenezer Kent was 
a member of a committee appointed by 
the town to supply the pulpit for six 
months. He was chosen one of a com- 
mittee to hire a school master in 1762. 
On March 16, 1765, Benjamin Tucker, of 
Leicester, sold to "Thomas Steel and 
Daniel Henshaw Esqr, John Brown, Na- 
thaniel Harwood, Nathan Seargant and 
Thomas Denny Gent. Nathaniel Good- 
speed, Nathaniel Waite, Ebenezer Kent, 
Seth Washburn, Samuel Watson, Ephra- 
im Mower, Asa Stowers, William Hen- 

shaw, Benja Richardson, Jonathan Ser- 
geant Jr., Samuel Denny, Darby Ryan, 
Nathd Richardson, Nathaniel Sergeant 
and Robert Henry Yoemen and Sarah 
Denny all of Leicester'' "a piece of land 
for a burying place where some have been 
buried and called the New Burying place." 
This is now known as Rawson Cemetery. 
Ebenezer Kent married (first) July 11, 
1739, Sarah Wheaton, who was born at 
Hingham, May 17, 1718, and died at Leices- 
ter, September 24, 1771, the daughter of 
Christopher* and Sarah (Beal) Wheaton, 
granddaughter of Christopher' and Martha 
(Prince) Wheaton, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of Robert* and Alice (Bowen) Whea- 
ton. Christopher* Wheaton was one of 
"the brave Capt. Johnson's Company" in 
King Philip's War. Ebenezer Kent mar- 
ried (second) September 19, 1772, Sarah 
Stone, widow of Joseph Stone, Sr., of 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, and daughter 
of John Potter, of Marlborough and 
Shrewsbury ; she died at Goshen, Massa- 
chusetts; her will is dated December 31, 
1794, and was filed for probate, May 2, 
1797; to the will is attached a letter to 
her children dated Goshen, April 11, 1797. 
His will is dated January 12, 1785, and 
named his son Ebenezer executor. The 
children of Ebenezer and Sarah (Whea- 
ton) Kent were: i. Hannah, born De- 
cember 15, 1740, at Hingham; married, 
February 11, 1765, Ezra French, of Hing- 
ham. 2. Lucy, bom March 4, 1743-44, at 
Hingham; married, August 9, 1764, Jabez 
Green, Jr., of Leicester. 3. Ebenezer, 
mentioned below. 4. Reuben, born Octo- 
ber 16, 1747, at Leicester, died there April 

I, 1763. 5. Jacob, bom January 31, 1750, 
at Leicester; married (first) September 

II, 1771, Desire Prouty; (second) May ^ 
23, 1773, Mary Tucker ; (third) 1776, Abi- 
gail Barnes; he died at Brookfield, Massa- 
chusetts, August 5, 1825. 6. Elizabeth, 
born May 9, '1752, at Leicester; married, 
August 15, 1776, Benjamin Flagg, of 



Holden. 7. Lydia, bom January 19, 175S, 
at Leicester ; married, June 23, 1783, John 
Campbell, and lived at Plainfield, Massa- 

(IV) Ebenezer Kent, son of Ebenezer* 
Kent, (Ebenezer* John*), was born at 
Leicester, Massachusetts, December 8, 
1745, and died there January 8, 1806. He 
was the executor of his father's will and 
heir of his real estate. His father had 
deeded him, September 23, 1772, the south- 
em half of the homestead and one-half 
of a tract of land on Flip road contain- 
ing thirty-six acres. He was a soldier in 
the Revolution, being corporal in Captain 
Seth Washburn's company of minute-men 
from Leicester, Colonel Ward's regiment, 
which marched on the Lexington Alarm, 
April 19, 1775; also private in Captain 
Loring Lincoln's company from Leices- 
ter; Lieutenant-Colonel Flagg's regiment 
on the Bennington Alarm, 1777. He was 
a member of the Leicester Committee of 
Safety and Correspondence in 1782. In 
addition to the lands he inherited and 
those he bought from the other heirs of 
his father's estate, he accumulated much 
other real estate by purchase. He died 
intestate and his son Daniel was ap- 
pointed administrator. Mr. Ebenezer 
Kent was active in town affairs. Like his 
father, he was sealer of weights and 
measures and was often elected constable 
and highway surveyor. 

He married at Leicester, October 29, 
1772, Esther Stone, who was bom at Ips- 
wich, November 21, 175 1, and died at 
Leicester, February 7, 1806, the daughter 
of William and Abigail (Hodgkins) Stone, 
granddaughter of William and Elizabeth 
(Downs) Stone, and great-granddaughter 
of William and Esther Stone, of Ipswich. 
The children of Ebenezer and Esther 
(Stone) Kent, all born at Leicester, were : 
I. William, born September 14, 1773; 
married (first) November 30, 1797, Katy 
Wheaton ; (second) September 26, 1827, 

Widow Lucinda (Barrows) Bourne; he 
removed to Wallingford, Vermont, where 
he died October 28, 1845. 2. Sarah, bom 
December 27, 1774; married (first) May 
30, 1799, Reuben Billings Swan, of Spen- 
cer ; (second) May 8, 1816, Asa Wheeler, 
of Holden. 3. Captain Daniel, mentioned 
below. 4. Elias, bom May 3, 1780; mar- 
ried, January 20, 1803, Betsey Wheaton ; 
he lived at Wallingford, Vermont, where 
he died August 20, 1856. 5. Betsey, bom 
June 5, 1782; married, November 26, 
1801, Jonathan Hubbard; they lived at 
Wallingford, Vermont. 6. Ezra, bom 
September i, 1785; married, December 
14, 181 1, Eusebia South wick; he lived at 
Wallingford, Vermont, where he died 
February 3, 1818. 7. Polly, bom Novem- 
ber 20, 1787; married James Bucklin, of 
East Wallingford, Vermont. 

(V) Captain Daniel Kent, gentleman, 
son of Ebenezer* Kent (Ebenezer", Eben- 
ezer", John*), was bom at Leicester, Mas- 
sachusetts, January 6, 1777, ^^^ died there 
May II, 1849. He, as well as his father 
and grandfather, was buried in the Raw- 
son Cemetery at Leicester. He was one 
of the more prominent men of the town 
and was especially active in military 
affairs. He was appointed sergeant, June 
I7f 1803, of a company in the First Regi- 
ment of Infantry in the First Brigade, 
Seventh Division of the Militia; ensign, 
July 31, 1806; captain, December 13, 1808, 
and commissioned by Governor Levi Lin- 
coln, April II, 1809; and was discharged 
at his own request, January 30, 1812. He 
was brought up on his father's farm and 
at the age of eighteen or twenty was 
apprenticed to Pliny Earle to learn the 
card making business, which he followed 
for some years. On his father's death he 
bought the interest of the other heirs in 
the farm and lived there thereafter until 
his death. He was an active man of busi- 
ness. He bought and sold much real 
estate and was appointed to settle several 



estates. He was a very genial man and 
popular among his associates. Of musi- 
cal taste, he devoted many of his leisure 
hours to its cultivation and in the enter- 
tainment of his friends. His name ap- 
pears often in the town records, being a 
man who held the confidence and respect 
of his fellow townsmen. 

Captain Daniel Kent married (first) 
June 6, 1805, Ruth Watson, who was bom 
at Leicester, February 21, 1781, and died 
March 24, 1828, the daughter of Captain 
Samuel and Ruth (Baldwin) Watson, of 
Leicester. Captain Samuel Watson was 
one of the minute-men of Leicester, a ser- 
geant in Captain Seth Washburn's com- 
pany which marched April 19, 1775, ^^^ 
also sergeant in Captain Loring Lincoln's 
company which marched in 1777 on the 
Bennington Alarm under Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel Flagg. He was a tanner and currier 
by trade. He was the son of John and 
Mary (Blair) Watson and grandson of 
Matthew and Mary (Orr) Watson. The 
Watson family was Scotch-Irish. Ruth 
(Baldwin) Watson was a daughter of 
Major Asa and Abigail (Draper) Bald- 
win. On the Revolutionary Rolls of Mas- 
sachusetts the name of Major Asa Bald- 
win appears many times among the field 
and staff officers of the First Worcester 
County Regiment from 1776 to 1778. He 
was a member of the Committee of Safety 
and Correspondence for Spencer. His line 
of descent from Joseph Baldwin, of Milford, 
Connecticut, was Daniel*, Joseph*, Joseph*, 
Joseph*. His wife was a daughter of 
Captain James" Draper (ancestry James*, 
James'). Captain Daniel Kent married 
(second) 1829, Miranda Cunningham, 
widow of Reuben Cunningham, daughter 
of Jabez and Eunice (Goodnow) Ay res. 
She was born at New Braintree, May 8, 
1795, and died at Leicester, December 21, 
1861. The children of Captain Daniel 
and Ruth (Watson) Kent, all born at 
Leicester, were: i. William Stone, born 

February 6, 1806; married (first) January 
II, 1 83 1, Mary, daughter of Amos and 
Damaris (Bennett) Howard, of Worces- 
ter; she died April 5, 1847; married 
(second) October 3, 1847, ^^s- Louisa 
Beers, daughter of Phinneas and Joanna 
(Barnes) Tyler; she was born October 
10, 1807, and died at Leicester, January 6, 
1892; he died at Leicester, March 26, 
1885. 2. Samuel Watson, bom January 
21, 1808, died in Worcester, December 
12, 1883 ; married. May 19, 1835, Clarissa, 
daughter of Samuel and Sukey (Vickery) 
Watson, of Leicester ; he lived at Worces- 
ter and was a manufacturer of card cloth- 
ing machinery; he was a member of the 
Mozart Musical Society, afterwards the 
Choral Union; on June 26, 1826, he was 
appointed by Brigadier-General Nathan 
Heard a member of the First Brigade 
Band of the Sixth Division of Massachu- 
setts Militia ; he was a deacon of the Old 
South Church from 1861 to 1870, and of 
the Plymouth Church, 1874-1879, 1880- 
1883 ; his widow died at Worcester, Feb- 
ruary 5, 1902. 3. Daniel Waldo, men- 
tioned below. 4. Caroline Calista, born 
March 19, 1812; married, February 22, 
1848, Levi C. Clapp, of Worcester, bom 
February 11, 1794, at Worthington, Mas- 
sachusetts, died at Worcester, December 
7, 1854; she died January 4, 1898, at 
Worcester. 5. Melinda Watson, born No- 
vember 29, 1813 ; married, April 14, 1835, 
Captain Dana Hyde Fitch, of Leicester, 
born August 24, 1803, ^^ Guilford, Ver- 
mont, son of Ezra and Sally (Green) 
Fitch; he died at Worcester, April 2, 
1877; when a young man he was much 
interested in military affairs and was 
captain of the Worcester Light Infantry 
in 1837-38; he was also captain of the 
Worcester Home Guards for two years; 
his widow died December 28, 1909. 6. 
James Draper, born September 20, 181 5; 
married (first) March 24, 1841, Anna 
Maria, born at Boston, September 11, 


1815, daughter of Abner and Abigail 
(Williams) Bourne; she died October ii^ 
1856; married (second) December 15, 
1857, Jennie Whiting, daughter of Whit- 
ing H. and Sarah A. (Buell) HoUister; 
she was born at Hartford, Connecticut, 
June 13, 1837; h€ died at Boston, January 
9, 1871, and was buried at New Bedford, 
Massachusetts, with his first wife; his 
widow married (second) December 23, 
1873, Charles F. Paine, of New York City. 
7. Esther Stone, born September i, 1817, 
died January 12, 1859; married. May 10, 
1842, Rufus Holman, of Millbury, son of 
Aaron and Polly (Stockwell) Holman; 
he was born April 6, 1816, and died July 
22, 1895, *t Leicester; he married (sec- 
ond) October 11, 1859, Emeline Draper 
Bryant, born October 27, 1827, and died 
May 7, 1879. The children of Captain 
Daniel and Miranda Kent were : 8. Ruth 
Watson, born March 31, 1830, died April 
I9> 1833. 9. John Davis, born April 28, 
1834, died July 30, 1838. 10. Edward 
Everett, bom May 5, 1836; married, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1862, Sarah Rice, bom August 
4f 1838, at Franklin, Michigan, daughter 
of Edward and Sophia Catherine (Patter- 
son) Procter; she died August 23, 1870; 
he was a boot manufacturer and lived at 
Spencer, Massachusetts ; he compiled and 
published the Kent Genealogy already re- 
ferred to; he died April 8, 1899. 

(VI) Daniel Waldo Kent, son of Cap- 
tain Daniel' Kent (Ebenezer*, Ebenezer", 
Ebenezer*, John*), was bom May 5, 1810, 
at Leicester, Massachusetts, and died at 
Worcester, October 11, 1906, in the ninety- 
seventh year of his age. When he was 
about twenty-three years old he went to 
Buffalo, New York, to work but soon re- 
turned to Leicester. He resided at the 
old homestead in Leicester from 1841 
until he removed to Worcester in 1901. 
In 1848 in connection with his father he 
developed a water privilege on Kettle 
Brook which runs through the farm and 

built a saw mill. He afterwards added a 
box factory. In the sixties he began the 
manufacture of shoddy, being the first to 
introduce this industry in Leicester. He 
was always active in town affairs and 
many of the roads in the northeast part of 
the town were built through his influence. 
He always took a deep interest in the 
political events which transpired during 
his long life. In 1904 he had the rare 
privilege of casting his nineteenth vote 
for President of the United States. The 
Kent homestead which was purchased by 
Ebenezer Kent, December 7, 1743, who 
came from Hingham, remained in the 
family until July 15, 1901, when it was 
sold to the Association of Sisters of Our 
Lady of Mercy who purhcased it to be 
used in connection with their orphanage 
in Worcester. Mr. Kent was one of the 
first in Worcester county to introduce 
the use of circular saws for making 
lumber. In his younger days he was a 
member of the Leicester Company of 
Light Infantry. Before his marriage he 
taught school for some time in Leicester 
and Paxton. Both Mr. Kent and his wife 
were musical in their younger days, each 
singing in church choirs in their respec- 
tive towns. Mrs. Kent taught school for 
a short time in Paxton before her mar- 
riage. April 9, 1903, at the age of ninety- 
two and eighty-four respectively, Mr. and 
Mrs. Kent celebrated in a quiet manner 
the sixty-fourth anniversary of their mar- 
riage. Since 1888 Mr. Kent was totally 

Daniel Waldo Kent married, April 9, 
1839, Harriet Newell Grosvenor, who was 
born at Paxton, May 5, 1818, and died at 
Worcester, January 20, 1904, at her home 
No. 25 Benefit street. The interment was 
at Pine Grove Cemetery at Leicester. She 
was the daughter of Jonathan Prescott 
and Bethiah (Avery) Grosvenor. Her 
father was bom at Grafton, November 30, 
1779, and died at Paxton, September 11, 


1854 ; her mother, Bethiah (Avery) Gro6- 
venor, was bom at Holden, October 13, 
1 781; married, April 23, 1804, and died 
at Paxton, January 3, 1833. The children 
of Daniel Waldo and Harriet N. Kent, all 
bom at Leicester, were: i. Lucy Wat- 
son, mentioned below. 2. Ruth Amelia, 
mentioned below. 3. Prescott Grosvenor, 
mentioned below. 4. Harriet Elizabeth, 
bom May i, 1850; not married. 5. Daniel, 
mentioned below. 6. Caroline Esther, 
born August 4, 1857 1 ^^^ married ; gradu- 
ate of Wellesley College, Massachusetts. 
(VII) Lucy Watson Kent, daughter of 
Daniel Waldo* Kent, was bom May 24, 
1 84 1, and died at Florence, Massachu- 
setts, February 9, 1908. She graduated in 
1 861 from the Westiield State Normal 
School. She married, June 15, 1864, 
Joseph Sheldon Noble, of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, who was born June 5, 
1829, in Westfield, Massachusetts, son of 
Jacob Moseley and Eliza (Alderman) 
Noble. His grandfather, Jacob Noble, 
served in the Revolution and in the War 
of 1 81 2, and was colonel of a regiment 
in the latter war. Mr. Noble attended 
Westfield Academy. In 1845 ^^ entered 
the machine shop of Ira Temmons where 
he spent three years learning the busi- 
ness. When nineteen years old he was 
employed as engineer on the steam tug 
"American Eagle" plying between Troy 
and Albany on the Hudson river, and 
saved money for another term at the 
academy. In 1849 ^^ went to New York 
and secured the position of night clerk in 
Taylor's Hotel. In the spring of 1850 he 
went to California and stayed until 1858 
where he had many thrilling experiences 
in that then new and unsettled country. 
He returned to Westfield and was ap- 
pointed turnkey of the Hampden county 
jail by Sheriff Bush. He served there 
three years and later was jailer at Spring- 
field under SheriflF Bradley. During the 
latter years of his life he was engaged in 

the grain business, having a large ware- 
house on Lyman street, at Springfield. 
He died March 12, 1898. Mr. Noble was 
a Republican in politics. He was promi- 
nent in the Masonic order, member of the 
Springfield Commandery, Knights Temp-^ 
lar. The children of Joseph Sheldon and 
Lucy Watson (Kent) Noble were: i. 
Caroline Edna, bom February 15, 1866, 
at Springfield ; graduate of Wellesley Col- 
lege and teacher in the public schools. 2. 
Daniel Waldo, bom February 8, 1870, at 
Springfield, died March i, iG^o. 3. Bur- 
ton Ellsworth, bom July 25, 1871, at 
Springfield; married, February 14, 1895, 
Lucy Florence, daughter of Augustus and 
Frances (Andrews) Tripp, of Springfield ; 
he succeeded to his father's business and 
lives at Springfield. 4. Roscoe Kent, 
bom July 13, 1880, at Springfield. 

(VII) Ruth Amelia Kent, daughter of 
Daniel Waldo* Kent, was bom December 
8, 1843, died August 4, 1878, in De- 
troit City, Minnesota. She was a gradu- 
ate of Mt. Holyoke Seminary in 1868 and 
taught school several years ; she married, 
October 24, 1876, Rev. Mellville M. Tracy, 
of Hartford, Connecticut. He died at 
Longmont, Colorado, September 22, 1889. 
Their only child was : Abbie Ruth, born 
July 26, 1877, in Three Rivers, Palmer, 
Massachusetts; a graduate of Wellesley 
College, 1900. 

(VII) Prescott Grosvenor Kent, son of 
Daniel Waldo' Kent, was born September 
29, 1847. He received his early education 
in the public schools of Leicester and Lei- 
cester Academy and studied later at Wil- 
liston Academy. In July, 1867, he en- 
tered upon a three-year engagement with 
Hon. William Upham, of Spencer, woolen 
manufacturer, for the purpose of learning 
the business. At the expiration of the 
time, July I, 1870, he began manufactur- 
ing at Monson, Massachusetts, but his 
plant was burned the following April. 
For a few years he had a factory at 



Oxford, Massachusetts. He forxned a 
partnership with Henry L. Watson, of 
Leicester, and under the name of Watson 
& Kent located in the city of Fitchburg, 
manufacturing principally waterproofings 
and beavers for the New York market, 
where he continued until 1878 when he 
removed to Worcester. In 1880 he began 
the manufacture of satinets in the old mill 
on the homestead at Leicester, installing 
new machinery for the purpose. Soon he 
was joined by his brother, Daniel, and the 
firm did an increasing and successful busi- 
ness under the name of the Lakeside 
Manufacturing Company. In 1885 ^^ ^"^ 
his brother purchased the Jamesville mills 
in Worcester and there carried on business 
under the name of P. G. Kent & Company 
until December, 1892, when they sold the 
property to the Jamesville Manufacturing 
Company. Mr. Kent is an active member 
and deacon of the Plymouth Congrega- 
tional Church and chairman of the board 
of assessors of the society. 

He married, November 4, 1870, Mary 
Abbie Watson, of Spencer, Massachu- 
setts; she was born June 22, 1848, in 
Spencer, daughter of • Roswell S. and 
Hannah (Grout) Watson. Their children 
are: i. Edward Everett, born in Spencer, 
September 11, 1872; graduated in 1893 
with the degree of S. B. in electrical engi- 
neering from the Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute; in the following year he was 
given the same degree in mechanical engi- 
neering; studied law in Harvard Law 
School, graduating in 1896; is now prac- 
ticing law in Boston ; he married, at New- 
ton, Massachusetts, November 9, 1905, 
Mary Clement, daughter of Herbert Wil- 
der. 2. Mabel Watson, bom December 2, 
1883, in Worcester, a graduate of Smith 
College, 1906. 

(VII) Daniel Kent, son of Daniel 
Waldo* Kent (Daniel*, Ebenezer*, Eben- 
ezer', Ebenezer^, John'), was born Janu- 
ary 2, 1853. Among his ancestors who 

were early settlers in this country my be 
named Thomas Payne, Michael Metcalf, 
Jonathan Fairbanks, John Dwight, Na- 
thaniel Whiting, and Dr. William Avery, 
of Dedham; John Prince and Edmund 
Hobart, of Hingham; Henry Adams, of 
Braintree; Josiah Winslow and Thomas 
Bourne, of Marshiield ; John Prescott, of 
Lancaster; Rev. Peter Bulkeley and John 
Hoar, of Concord; Cornelius Waldo, of 
Chelmsford ; John Coggswell, John Tread- 
well, and William Stone, of Ipswich ; John 
Grosvenor and James Draper, of Rox- 
bury, Grifith Bowen, of Rehoboth; Job 
Lane, of Maiden, and Rev. John Miller, of 

He was educated in the public schools 
and Leicester Academy and graduated at 
Amherst College in 1875. While at Am- 
herst he was active in college sports, row- 
ing at Springfield in 1872 in the New 
England Collegiate Regatta the year that 
Amherst won the pennant against Har- 
vard, Yale, Williams and Bowdoin. He 
was one of the editors of the "Amherst 
Student" ; a member of the Delta Kappa 
Epsilon fraternity. While in college he 
won several prizes for oratory. He has 
since shown his interest in the college by 
establishing the Kent Prize in English 
Literature, of one hundred dollars annu- 
ally, for the best thesis on an assigned 
subject produced by the senior class. 
After graduation he studied law at the 
Boston Law School and while there sup- 
plemented his studies with practical work 
in the office of the law firm of Turner & 
Scaife. His study of law had been for the 
acquisition of legal knowledge rather than 
for its practice as a profession, and after 
being admitted to the bar he entered upon 
a busines life, spending one year at In- 
dianapolis, Indiana, and another at Phil- 
adelphia. In 1881 he returned to Leices- 
ter and associated himself with his 
brother, Prescott G. Kent, in the manu- 
facture of woolen goods. They estab- 



lished the Lakeside Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of which he became the president. 
In 1883 they removed the old mill build- 
ing which they had utilized and built a 
new mill which was fitted with the most 
approved machinery. They were the first 
to install an independent electric lighting 
plant in the town. They laid out and 
built a flourishing factory village which 
was known as Lakeside. Their goods 
met with great success in the market and 
to fill their orders they were obliged to 
run their plant day and night for over six 
years. In 1885 they purchased the mills 
at Jamesville in Worcester which were 
run in conjunction with the Lakeside fac- 
tory. When in 1892 they sold this prop- 
erty to the Jamesville Manufacturing 
Company, Daniel Kent became president 
of the corporation. 

During these years the old Kent farm 
was a source of great interest to him. It 
was brought to a high state of cultivation. 
It was stocked with thoroughbred cattle 
and its fertile fields attracted much atten- 
tion. The old house which was built be- 
fore the first Ebenezer Kent bought the 
farm in 1743, was remodelled and made 
modem in its fittings but it still retains 
much of its colonial style, with the comer 
posts and large beams running through 
the center of the ceiling. 

In 1895 ^he city of Worcester in order 
to increase its water supply made a tak- 
ing of the waters of Kettle Brook at and 
above the Lakeside Mills. This resulted 
in the destruction of a manufacturing 
plant which had given employment to 
many hands and had performed its part 
in contributing to the prosperity and 
growth of the town. The dam and fac- 
tory building were removed, the busy 
hum of machinery was silenced and the 
place became in very truth "a deserted 

While engaged in business, Mr. Kent 
lived in the centre village of Leicester. 

His house was the one east and next to 
the Leicester Inn facing the park. It 
should be noted as a coincidence that it 
was in this same house that his father 
and mother began their married life in 
1839. In 1897 Mr. Kent sold his house at 
Leicester and removed to Worcester. 
During these years he was prominent in 
town affairs. He was chairman of the 
Board of Selectmen for a number of 
years; chairman of the trustees of the 
public library; chairman of the park 
committee having full charge of laying 
out the beautiful park which adorns the 
centre village of that historic town ; sec- 
retary of the school committee and re- 
peatedly elected moderator of town meet- 
ings. He was elected a member of the 
Republican state committee for the Third 
Worcester Senatorial District in 1892, 
1893, 1894 and 1895. In 1893, during the 
campaign of Hon. Frederick T. Green- 
halge for governor, Mr. Kent had sole 
charge of rallies and speakers. He was 
elected secretary of the Republican state 
conventions in 1894 and 1895, and in the 
same years served as secretary of the Re- 
publican state committee. He presided 
at the Congressional convention in 1888 
when Hon. Joseph H. Walker was first 
nominated for Congress. In 1900 he was 
elected register of deeds for the Worces- 
ter district in Worcester county, which 
office he holds at the present time, having 
been reelected for a fourth term in 191 1. 
Under his administration many changes 
have been introduced and the registry has 
been raised to a high degree of excellence. 
He has made a special study of the sub- 
ject of indexing, and is the author of 
"Land Records, A System of Indexing," 
published in 1903. It is the first work 
ever written on that intricate subject. In 
1906 he invented a case for classifying 
cards, also a card holder, both of which 
he has had patented. 
Of literary tastes, he finds much enjoy- 



ment among the books in his large library. 
He devotes many of his leisure hours to 
genealogical research, and he has solved 
several very difficult problems. One of 
his recent successes is the locating of the 
birth place of John Grosvenor, of Rox- 
bury. Mr. Kent was for three years 
president of the Amherst Alumni of 
Central Massachusetts, and for several 
years was president of the New England 
Satinet Manufacturer's Association. In 
1900 he was elected a trustee of Leicester 
Academy and is at present secretary of 
the board. He is a member of the 
Worcester Economic Club, the Worcester 
Club, the Tatnuck Country Club, Worces- 
ter County Republican Club, the Sons of 
the Revolution, Society of Colonial Wars, 
and the Delta Kappa Epsilon Association 
of Central Massachusetts. 

Mr. Kent married (first) at Westfield, 
Massachusetts, July 2 1878, Georgia, 
daughter of Nelson Franklin and Henri- 
etta (Snowden) Tyler; she was born at 
LaGrange, Georgia, July 20, 1853, and 
died at Worcester, July 24, 1914. He 
married (second) December i, 191 5, 
Hattie May Leland, daughter of Francis 
Augustus and Hattie Mowry (Lapham) 
Leland, of Worcester. 

(The Grosvenor Line). 

In the old burying ground at Roxbury, 
now Boston, at the corner of Washington 
and Eustis streets, on the right of the 
entrance gate, and not far distant, near 
the wall on the Eustis street side, stands 
a dark slate stone in a good state of 
preservation, on which is inscribed 



IN Ye 49 YEAR OF HIS \ AGE. 1691 

On the stone is cut his family coat-of- 
arms. The garb in the dexter quartering, 
and the crest, a talbot statant on a wreath, 
shows that he was a descendant of the 

ancient Grosvenor family of County 
Cheshire, England. 

The family tradition that John Gros- 
venor came from Chester where he had nar- 
ried Esther Clarke, an heiress, has been 
accepted as an established fact. Most 
published genealogical sketches of him 
state that he was a son of Sir Richard 
Grosvenor. This could not have been 
true as Sir Richard, first Baronet, who 
died September 14, 1645, ^^^ ^^^Y ^^^ 
son living, Sir Richard, second Baronet. 
This second Sir Richard, who died Janu- 
ary 31, 1664, had five sons who all died 
unmarried except the eldest, Roger. 

Mr. Kent has made a very exhaustive 
search of the Grosvenor records in Eng- 
land. Having become convinced by re- 
search and correspondence with the Duke 
of Westminster, the rector of Eton Hall, 
and the Honorable Secretarv of the Ches- 
ter and Lancaster Historical Society that 
John Grosvenor, the pioneer ancestor of 
the family in this country, did not come 
directly from the Chester family, he 
turned his attention to its branches 
scattered throughout England. By means 
of the coat-of-arms on the g^vestone at 
Roxbury, he decided John Grosvenor must 
have come from Shropshire county. His 
labors were rewarded by finding at St. 
Leonard's Church at Bridgnorth the rec- 
ord of John Grosvenor's baptism. At the 
Herald of Arms at London he found a re- 
spite given to make proof of the descent 
from the Grosvenors of Eton in Cheshire, 
by Leicester Grosvenor, John's eldest 
broth"er, August 14, 1663, which enabled 
him to go back two generations with cer- 
tainty. He has also added two other gen- 
erations which are probably correct. He 
has not succeeded in determining the con- 
nection with the Chester line, but that 
John Grosvenor did descend from that 
line there can be no doubt. 

Mr. Kent now gives the results of his 
research for the first time to the American 



branch of the family, as a memorial to his 
mother. All of the publishtd sketches of 
the descendants of John Grosvenor in his 
mother's line which appear in this work 
and others were copied from his notes 
and are the result of his own research. 

The Grosvenors are descended from the 
Normans. At Venables, about thirty 
miles beyond Rouen, on the road to Paris, 
between St. Pierre and Vernon was the 
barony and ancient seat of the Le Ve- 
neurs, so named from their hereditary of 
Veneur or Venator (Huntsman) to the 
Dukes of Normandy. They occur in the 
tenth century in the charters of the Gallia 
Christeana ; and Walter Le Veneur was a 
conspicuous figure in the battle of the 
Fords, in 960, between Lothaire, King of 
France, and Richard Sans Peur of Nor- 

Sir Francis Palgrave says of him : 

All the interest of the battle seemed at one 
juncture to be concentrated upon the Huntsman, 
as though he had been the sole object of the 

Collins writes of the Grosvenors : 

This noble family is descended from a long 
train, in the male line, of illustrious ancestors, 
who flourished in Normandy, with great dignity 
and grandeur, from the time of its first erection 
into a sovereign dukedom, A. D. 912, to the Con- 
quest of England, in the year 1066: having been 
always ranked among the foremost there, either 
for nobleness of blood or power: and having 
had the government of many castles and strong- 
holds in that duchy. 

Hugh d'Avranches, better known as 
Hugh Lupus, was a nephew of William 
the Conqueror and came with him into 
England. King William made Hugh 
Lupus Earl Palatine of Chester "to hold 
the county as freely by the sword, as the 
King himself held England by the crown." 
With Hugh Lupus came his nephew, Gil- 
bert Le Veneur, and several of his family 
who were richly provided for in his 

county of Chester. From this Gilbert Le 
Veneur are descended the Grosvenors of 
England of whom the present Duke of 
Westminster, of Eton Hall, Chester, is 
the head. 

According to Ormerod, the county his- 
torian of Chester, the name Grosvenor 
never occurs earlier than 1260 in the reign 
of Henry HL It appears, as le Grand 
Veneur, le Graunt Venur, Gradntvenour, 
le Gros Venour, le Grosvenour, le Gra- 
venor, and later as at present Grosvenor. 

The earliest evidence of a trustworthy 
character that we can gather is the testi- 
mony in the great Scrope and Grosvenor 
suit of arms in the fourteenth century. 
There are few families in England who 
can trace their pedigree back to the early 
feudal times with as much show of au- 
thority as can the Grosvenors, owing to 
this testimony preserved in the Court 
Records. On August 17, 1385, Sir Richard 
le Scrope brought a suit against Sir 
Robert Grosvenor relative to the right to 
the arms "Azure, a Bend or" which was 
claimed by each family. ''This case stands 
pre-eminently distinguished among the 
memorable events of that remarkable 
period, so brilliant in the annals of chiv- 
airy.*' The final judgment, which was 
against Sir Robert Grosvenor, was given 
by King Richard H. "in the great chamber 
called the Chamber of Parliament within 
the Royal Palace of Westminster" May 
27. 1390- The records show that nearly 
two hundred witnesses testified in this 
suit, among them being three kings, 
several of the royal blood, members of 
the nobility, abbots, clergy and gentry of 
Chester, Lancashire, Yorkshire, etc. At 
the termination of the suit Sir Robert 
Grosvenor assumed for arms one of the 
golden garbs of the old Earls of Chester 
on a blue field ; ''the consanguinity of his 
family to that house having become mani- 
fest during the proceedings in this cele- 
brated suit," as well as his descent from 



Gilbert le Veneur, and ever since these 
arms have been borne by the family of 

1*1 1597 William Dcthick, Garter King 
of Arms, gave a grant of confirmation to 
Richard Grosvenor, of Eton, and the 
various branches of the whole fam*ily, 
• * securing the already recc^ized crest, a 
Talbot stataitt or on a wreath of his 
colours, ia wliich it is stated "yt they 
shall or may -lawfully use and beare ye 
same Talbot i^th yeir due differences for 

The history of the family of Grosvenor 
is very complicated and* contradictory, but 
• perhaps no more so than others which 
trace to the (imes of William the Con- 
queror. Most of- the pedigrees of the 
various branches of this family outside 
of County Cheshire which appear in the 
''Visitations of Shropshire, Staffordshire, 
Warwickshire, etc." trace to various sons 
of Sir Thomas Grosvenor, of Hulme in 
County Cheshire, who died 1429. All had 
for arms, '^Azwre^ a garb or^^ with various 
signs for differences. Crest, "a Talbot 
statant or on a wreath of his colours." 
That such descent from the Grosvenors 
of Cheshire was fully recognized by the 
Heralds is evidenced by the fact of their 
allowing all of the Grosvenor families in 
these localities the golden garb and talbot 
crest for their armorial insignia. 

(I) William' Gravenor, of Bridgnorth. 
His wife was Margaret. The Register of 
St. Leonard's Church, Bridgnorth, has: 
"Margaret Gravenor buried ye Vth of 
October 1583"; "Wm Gravenor Honle 
Gent, buried XXX of October 1589." 
William and Margaret Gravenor had a 
son, Richard, mentioned below. 

(II) Richard* Gravenor (William*) liv- 
ing in 1589. He dfed in or before 1595, 
having had by his wife, Martha, who was 
living his widow in 1595 and 1600, four 
children : William, mentioned below ; Joan 

"married the XXVIth of June 1592 Wm 
Peat" ; Joice ; Roger, of Coventry. 

(III) William* Grosvenor (Richard*, 
William*), of Bridgnorth, Gent., married 
at St. Leonard's 16 November, 1590, Ur- 
sula Blount, of Blount Hall, Bridgnorth. 
He was buried in St. Leonard's Church, 
17 January, 1599-1600. His widow mar- 
ried (second) 4 June, 1600, John Davis. 
His will is filed at Somerset House, Lon- 
don, and was proved in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury, 88 Harte. The will 
states: "I have one daughter whose name 
is Margery Gravenor" to whom he be- 
queathed certain property "yet upon this 
condicon that she my said daughter be 
ruled goverened and placed in marriage 
at the good likeinge of my wife her 
mother And of my son & heire and of 
other my frendes, or ells otherwise if she 
be unrulye and obstinate the same to re- 
maine to my wife and my heire". He 
names "my sister Joice Grauenor" and 
Roger Gravener of Coventry being my 
brother" "I will that my wife Ursula shall 
have the tuition governaunce rearing and 
bringing up my two children my son 
and my daughter And that she shall 
bring up my sonne to be a scholler, if 
he prove to be apt". "All my landes tene- 
mentes and hereditaments I give and be- 
queath to my Sonne William Gravenor to 
his heires and assignes for ever." "And 
I doe ordaine and appoint my saide wife 
and my sonne William Grauenor execu- 
tors of this my last will and testamente." 
The will was "proved 22 November, 1604 
by John Davis husband of Ursula Davis 
alias Gravenor relect of the said deceased 
and one of the executors named in the 
will, with power reserved to the other 
executor." Their children were : William, 
mentioned below; Margery, baptized 16 
May, 1596, married John Hord, of Hord 
Park, Shropshire. 

(IV) William* Grosvenor (William*. 



Richard', William*), of Bridgnorth, Gent., 
was baptized i8 December, 1593. He 
married Susanna Paston, daughter of 
Rev. George Paston, rector at Drayton- 
Bassett, who was buried January 10, 1629. 
William Grosvenor was church warden of 
St. Leonard's, 1635. During the Civil 
War he was a royalist. His home place 
was called "The Friars" and was near the 
present carpet works in Lower-town, 
Bridgnorth. He was buried in St. Leon- 
ard's Church, 21 June, 1652. His wife, 
Susanna, survived him and was buried 20 
June, 1667. His will is filed at Somerset 
House, London, and was proved in the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 366 
Brent, and is verbatim et literatine as fol- 

William the Seaven and twentieth Day of May 
Gravenor In the yeare of our Lord One thou- 
sand six hundred fifty and twoe Ac- 
cording to the computacon of the Church of 
England. I WILLIAM GRAVENER the elder 
of Bridgenorth in the County of Salopp gent 
Sick in body tnit of good and perfect memory 
(thanks bee to god for the same) doe make and 
ordeyne this my Testam.^ and last Will in manner 
and forme following (that is to say) First I 
Comend my soule into the hands of god my 
maker hopeing assuredly through the onely mer- 
ritts of Jesus Crist my Saviour to bee made per- 
taker of life everlasting And I Comend my body 
to the earth Whereof it is made and to bee buried 
in the parrish Church of S.^ Leonards in Bridge- 
north neere unto the place where my father was 
buried Item I give and bequeath to Susanna my 
wife the moity or one halfe of all that my mes- 
suage wherein I now dwell called and knowne by 
the name of the Fryers And the Moity or one 
halfe of the garden thereunto adioyneing and be- 
longing sdtuate lieing and being in or neere 
Bridgnorth aforesaid in the said County of Salop 
For and dureing the Terme of her naturall life 
And from and after her decease I give and be- 
queath the same to Lester Gravener sonne and 
heire apparent of mee the said William Gravener 
and his heires for ever And the other Moity of 
the said Messuage And alsoe All the Lands 
meadows Leasows and passures to the said Mes- 
suage belonging or in any wise appteyneing sdtu- 

ate lieing and being in or near Bridgenorth afore- 
said And alsoe all other the Messuages lands 
Tenem 'M and hereditam 'M of mee the said Wil- 
liam Gravener sdtuate lydng and being within 
the town and Libties of Bridgenorth aforesaid 
and in Ouldbury in the said County of Salop I 
give and bequeath to the said Lester Gravener 
and his hdres for ever And alsoe I give and be- 
queath to him All my goods Cattells and Chattells 
whatsoever In Consideracon and upon C^ndioon 
And to the intent and purpose That the said Leis- 
ter Gravener or his heires shall and doe w.tb in 
twoe yeares next after my decease without fraude 
or decdpt well and truely pay satisfie and dis- 
charge All such Debts w<^ I doe iustly and truely 
owe or shall owe at the tyme of my decease And 
also he shall and doe w^^^in two yeares next after 
my decease well and truely satisfie and pay wth.out 
fraude or deoeipt To my daughter Susanna Gra- 
vener the Some of Forty pounds of lawfuU money 
of England To my Daughter Grace Gravener the 
some of Forty pounds of like money To my 
daughter Jane Gravener the Some of Forty 
poundes of like money To my Daughter Mary 
Harrison the some of Five poundes To my 
Daughter Lettice Levinge the some of Five 
poundes To her daughter Lettice Levinge the like 
some of Five poundes To John Eddowes the like 
sume of Five poundes alsoe to me sonne Jerrard 
Gravenor the sume of threscore poundes And to 
my Sonne John Gravenor the sume of threscore 
poundes of lawfull money of England PRO- 
VIDED allwaies and my will true intent and 
meaneing is That if my sonne Lester Gravenor or 
his hdres shall make defaulte of paym.t of my 
sayd debts, or any of them or any part of the same 
or of the said other severall Somes of money 
limitted to bee payd as aforesaid or any of them 
or any part or pcell of them or any of them at 
the tyme in wc>> the same are limitted and ap- 
poynted to bee payd in manner and forme afore- 
said That then the guifts and bequests made by 
mee to the said Lester Gravener and his heires 
in forme aforesaid shall be utterly voyd frustrate 
and of none effect And then I give and bequeath 
All my said Messuages lands Tenem^: and 
p'misses before menconed (except the said Moity 
of the said Messuage and garden called the 
Fryers which I give to the said Susanna my wife 
for the Terme of her naturall life) to the said 
Susanna Gravener my Daughter Grace Gravener 
Jane Gravener Gerrard Gravener William Gra- 
vener and John Gravener thdr Executo". Ad- 
ministrator: and assignes from and immediately 
after my decease For and dureing the full end 



and Terme of Fowerscore and Nyneteene yeares 
then next following And fully to bee Compleate 
and ended And alsoe I give and bequeath to them 
all my goods cattells and Chattels for y« Satisfie- 
ing and payinge of my said debts And for and in 
full satis faccon and payment of the severall 
Somes of money before limitted to bee payd to 
them the said Susanna my daughter Grace Jane 
Gerard William Gravener and John Gravener my 
sonnes And to the said Mary Harrison Lettice 
Levinge and her Daughter Lettice Leving and 
John Eddowes in forme aforesaid The w^^ sev- 
erall Somes of money I have lymitted and ap- 
poynted to bee payd to them for their severall 
Legacies and porcons PROVIDED allways and it 
is notw^^standing my will And I doe give and be- 
queath to the s^ Susanna my wife the one halfe 
of my househould goods and implements of 
househould anything before menconed to the 
Contrary in any wise notw^. standing I doe make 
and ordayne Thomas Leving and Edward Harri- 
son gent my sonne in lawes my Executo.n to see 
this my Testam^ and last Will duely and truely 
performed And I give and bequeath to them 
Power poundes for their paynes to be equally de- 
vided betwene them. In Witnes whereof I have 
thereunto putt my hand and Scale And published 
and declared this to bee my last will and Testam :t 
in the presence of the persons whose names are 
subscribed scell Will Gravenor: Thomas Tyther 
Robert Raynolds Thomas Llawe W: barter. 

Proved: — 12 September 1653, by the executors 
named in the will. 

The children of William and Susanna 
Grosvenor were: i. Leicester, Gent., of 
"The Friars" Bridgnorth, born about 
1627, married the eldest daughter of 
Christopher Estwick, of Stoke, County 
Warwick, and his wife, Eleanor, daughter 
of Isaac Walden, of Coventry. He was 
buried at St. Leonard's, 14 May, 1690. 
Administration on his estate was granted 
7 October, 1690, to Eleanor, his widow. 
His widow, Eleanor, was buried at St. 
Leonard's, 26 November, 1708. 2. Mary, 
married Edward Harrison, of Bridgnorth. 
3. Lettice, married Thomas Levinge, of 
Shepley, County Leicester; she died in 
1690, aged sixty. 4. Gerald, buried 
2y June, 1671. 5. William, baptized 17 
April, 1634, buried 3 February, 1672. 6. 

Jane, baptized 26 July, 1636, married 
Francis Bayley, of Bridgnorth. 7. Susan- 
na. 8. John, mentioned below. 9. Grace, 
married Daniel Billingsley, of Bridgnorth. 

(V) John* Grosvenor (William*, Wil- 
liam', Richard', William*), of Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, the pioneer ancestor of 
this noted family in America, was born at 
Bridgnorth. At St. Leonard's Church is 
this record "J^^n the sonne of William 
Gravenor and Susanna his wife was bap- 
tized ye second day of January 1640"-!. 
St. Leonard's, founded in the tenth or 
eleventh centuries stands in a sort of 
close near High street, surrounded by 
buildings of Elizabethan or Jacobean date. 
Its fine old stained glass and its tombs 
were destroyed during the siege of Bridg- 
north by Cromwell in 1646. But of late 
years (1862) St. Leonard's has been re- 
stored and is worthy of the ancient town 
it adorns. The original church was 
mainly built in the thirteenth century 
style; though its rich and handsome 
tower built of salmon-red sandstone is of 
a somewhat later style. A fine, open 
timbered roof was brought to light dur- 
ing the restoration. Its nave is remark- 
able for its exceptional width, and in this 
respect is not exceeded by any parish 
church in England, and by only three 

John Grosvenor probably came to New 
England after his mother's death, and as 
early as 1670. "John Grosvenor" was a 
witness to a deed March 14, 1672 (Suffolk 
Deeds Book 9, page 140). 

He married, probably in 1671, Hester, 
daughter of Hugh Clarke and his wife, 
Elizabeth, as appears from a deed in the 
Suffolk Registry of Deeds, volume 13, 
page 328, from Hugh Clarke, of Roxbury, 
dated January 28, 1684, which reads as 
follows : 

* * * Know Yce that the said Hugh Clarke 
Some time past about twelve or thirteene Yeares 
agoe or thereabout for and in consideration of a 



part of my Daughter Hester Graveners portton 
and many other good and considerable Considera- 
tions: Hath given granted and given possession 
* * * unto John Gravener my Sonne in Law 
and Hester Gravener his wife, two Small pieces 
of Land, the one pdce of Land is that Land 
whereon John Graveners dwelling House now 
Standeth being in Roxbury, and as it is now 
fenced from the land of Hugh Clarke and abut- 
ting on the Highway Leadeing from Stony River 
towards Muddy River Southerly * * K And 
the other Smal peice of Land neerer to the Now 
dwelling house of sd Hugh Clarke whereon John 
Gravenors Tanyard and Tan house standeth * 

Hugh Clarke was at Watertown as 
early as 1641 where his son John was 
born. He lived there until about 1660 when 
he moved to Roxbury, where he was free- 
man, May 30, 1660. He died at Roxbury, 
July 20, 1693. 

Drake in his "History of Roxbury/' 
says: ''Jol^i^ Grosvenor's dwelling house 
and four acres of orchard and pasture 
were on the northeasterly comer of the 
present Tremont and Parker streets." In 
1678 the town granted him a lot of land 
''at the bridge and old mill for liming 
leather, in fee, and not to sell but for such 
use, and to be forfeit if it damage the 
water for cattle or man." He was a 
"tanner" and the first to locate this busi- 
ness at Roxbury which later became noted 
for its tanneries. In the seventeenth cen- 
tury the tanning industry was very promi- 
nent down the Severn Valley from Shrews- 
bury to Worcester. Bridgnorth was noted 
for its tanneries antl the quality of the 
leather produced. John Grosvenor, being 
a younger son, probably learned this trade 

He held the responsible office of town 
constable, ''then an office of great dignity 
and importance." He was one of the 
original six purchasers from Major James 
Fitch of the Mashamoquet grant of 15,100 
acres, i May, 1686, which includes the 
present towns of Pomfret, Brooklyn and 

Putnam and the parish of Abington, Con- 
necticut. It is said that John Grosvenor 
was sent by the company to Norwich to 
pay Major Fitch the purchase money. 
The original grantees on 6 May, 1686, 
designated six other associates. These 
twelve proprietors were all residents of 
Roxbury. On 9 March, 1687, these pro- 
prietors met to consult upon the settle- 
ment of their purchase. The consent and 
compliance of Major Fitch to any arrange- 
ments they might make was judged neces- 
sary. They voted that their "truely and 
beloved friends, Samuel Ruggles, Sen. 
and Jun. John White, Samuel Gore and 
John Grosvenor" were authorized "to 
treat with Major Fitch in and concerning 
all matters relating to said lands." These 
gentlemen reported April 7th that half of 
the land was to be laid out at once. Be- 
fore the division was effected, Andros 
assumed the government of Connecticut 
and it seemed best to defer action. The 
survey and divisions were accomplished 
during the winter and on March 27, 1694, 
nearly eight years after the purchase, the 
several proprietors met in Roxbury to re- 
ceive their respective shares. John Gros- 
venor, who died 27 September, 1691, was 
represented by his widow who received 
the first allotment. It consisted of five 
hundred and two acres, being the land 
where the village of Pomfret now stands 
and the hills which surround it, including 
Prospect Hill, which faces the east, and 
the commanding eminences called Sharp's 
Hill and Spaulding's on the west. Esther 
Grosvenor was appointed administratrix 
of her husband's estate and on February 
17, 1691-92, filed her bond for seven hun- 
dred pounds. 

His widow Esther, as her name appears 
on the records, on September 16, 1695, 
sold six acres called Rock pasture "the 
Rightful Inheritance of Hugh Clarke late 
of said Roxbury deed and by the said 



Esther Grosvenor purchased of his son 
John" and three and one half acres ''the 
Rightful Inheritance of aforesaid John 
Grosvenor * * * together with Mansion 
house, bam &c/' On the same day she and 
her son William ''and all other heires of the 
said John Grosvenner** purchased sixty- 
five acres in Muddy River, now Brook- 
line, together with dwelling house, the 
consideration being three hundred and 
twelve pounds. On October 7, 1695, they 
purchased thirty acres in Muddy River 
"together with the house, fruSt trees, 
wood" &c., the consideration being one 
hundred and fifty pounds; On April 15, 
1 701, Esther Grosvenor, William Grosve- 
nor, gentleman, and Susannah Grosvenor, 
of Muddy River, and John Grosvenor, of 
"Mashamnggabuck in County New Lon- 
don, Colony of Conn." sold "their Farme 
Tract" in Muddy River. About this time 
she probably went with her family to 
Mashamoquet. The road to Hartford and 
Windham passed through their land, near 
their first residence, which was on the 
western declivity of Prospect Hill, near 
the site afterward occupied by Colonel 
Thomas Grosvenor*s mansion-house. Mrs. 
Grosvenor was a woman of great courage 
and energy, and was held in high esteem 
by the early settlers. It is a family tra- 
dition that she was skillful in tending the 
sick. Her sons aided ia bringing their 
large possessions under cultivation and 
early identified themselves with the 
growth and interests of the town. The 
Roxbury Records have these records: 
"13. 2ni. 1673, Esther Gravener was ex- 
communicated". "2d pm. 1673, Esther 
Gravener was reconciled to ye church & 
solemnly owned yc Covenant." Esther 
Grosvenor's gravestone stands in the 
burial grounds at the foot of Prospect 
Hill and records : "Here lyes yc body | of 
Mrs Esther | Grosvenor ye Widow of Mr | 
John Grosvenor | Died June 15 | 1738 
Aged I about 87 Years. | She was there- 

fore born about 1651 at the time her 
father, Hugh Clarke, resided at Water- 
town where he lived about twenty years 
before removing to Roxbury. 

All of the sons of Leicester Grosvenor 
were dead when he died at Bridgnorth, 
1690, also all of his brothers except John. 
On Leicester's death John Grosvenor, 
therefore, became the head of this Gros- 
venor line. 

The children of John and Esther Gros- 
venor, all bom at Roxbury, were as fol- 
lows: I. Rev. William, born January 8, 
1672-73; graduated at Harvard College, 
1693; minister at Brookfield, Massachu- 
setts, October 24, 1705, to August 25, 
1708; it is a tradition that he went to 
Charleston, South Carolina; died before 
1733- 2- John, baptized June 6, 1675; 
married at Concord, January 27, 1708-09, 
Sarah Hayward, bom June 16, 1689, 
daughter of John Hayward and his wife, 
Anna ; John was killed by the Indians at 
Brookfield, July 22, 1710 ; his estate was 
settled by his brothers, Leicester and 
Ebenezer, in 1724. 3. Captain Leicester, 
bom about 1676, died at Pomfret, Con- 
necticut, September 8, 1759, aged eighty- 
three; married (first) at Woodstock, Janu- 
ary 16, 1711-12, Mary Hubbard; she died 
May 14, 1724, aged thirty-seven ; married 
(second) February 12, 1728-29, Rebekah 
Waldo, born at Chelmsford, Massachu- 
setts, February 5, 1693-94, died at Pom- 
fret, May 21, 1753 ; he was a member of 
the first board of selectmen of Pomfret 
and was elected nineteen times to that 
office; member of committee to select 
site of first church at Pomfret; also of 
the building committee; ensign of mili- 
tary company at Pomfret. 4. Susanna, 
bom February 9, 1680-81 ; married, 1702, 
Joseph Shaw, of Stonington. 5. Child 
still born, June 21, 1683. ^* Sergeant 
Ebenezer, mentioned below. 7. Thomas, 
born June 30, 1687, died same day. 8. 
Joseph, born September i, 1689, died June 



20, 1738, unmarried. 9. Thomas, married, 
May 22, 1718, Elizabeth Pepper; died 
September 30, 1750. 

(VI) Sergeant Ebenezer* Grosvenor 
(John*, William*, Wiliam*, Richard*, Wil- 
liam'), of Pomfret, Connecticut, was bom 
at Roxbury, October 9, 1684, He married 
Anne, daughter of John and Sarah (Had- 
lock) Marcy, of Woodstock, bom at Rox- 
bury, October 11, 1687. He died at Pom- 
fret, September 29, 1730. His widow died 
at Pomfret, June 30, 1743. In 1710 a mili- 
tary company was organized with Eben- 
ezer Grosvenor sergeant. In 1720 he was 
a member of the committee appointed to 
build the first school house at Pomfret 
In 1721 the town granted him the right 
to build ''a pew at the east end of the 
meeting house." The children of Eben- 
ezer and Anne Grosvenor, all born at 
Pomfret, were : i. Susanna, bora October 
31, 1710. 2. Captain John, born May 22, 
1 712; married. May 4, 1733, Hannah 
Dresser, of Thompson, Connecticut; he 
was captain of the Pomfret company, 
lieutenant-colonel Nathaniel Tyler's regi- 
ment, in the Crown Point Expedition ; he 
was a member of the State Assembly; 
died 1808, aged ninety-seven years. 3. 
Ebenezer, mentioned below. 4. Caleb, 
born May 15, 1716; married, November 
29, 1739* Shuah Carpenter. 5. Joshua, 
died in infancy. 6. Moses, died in in- 
fancy. 7. Ann, born September 24, 1724. 
8. Penelope. 

(VII) Ebenezer' Grosvenor (Ebenezer*, 
John', William*, William*, Richard*, Wil- 
liam*), of Pomfret, was bom December 24, 
1713. He married, March 10, 1737, Lucy, 
daughter of Lieutenant Abiel and Marah 
(Waldo) Cheney, born at Pomfret, Octo- 
ber 20, 1720. He died August 19, 1793. 
His wife died May 12, 1792. He was a 
member of "The United English Library 
for the Propogation of Christian and Use- 
ful Knowledge" founded at Pomfret, Sep- 
tember 25, 1739. On June 16, 1760, he 

was appointed on a committee to build a 
new meeting house. The painted portraits 
of Ebenezer and his wife are in the pos- 
session of Mrs. Ellen Coit, of Norwich, 
Connecticut. The children of Ebenezer 
and Lucy Grosvenor, all born at Pomfret, 
were: i. Rev. Ebenezer, born March 6, 
1739; graduated at Yale College, 1759; 
married at Dan vers, February 2, 1764, 
Elizabeth Clark ; died at Harvard, Massa- 
chusetts, 1788. 2. Elizabeth, born De- 
cember 19, 1740. 3. Oliver, born May 19, 
1743 ; married Temiah, daughter of John 
Payson. 4. Captain Asa, born April 6, 
1744; married, April 24, 1766, Hannah, 
daughter of Rev. David Hall, born at Sut- 
ton, August 30, 1740; both died at Read- 
ing, Massachusetts., Hannah, March 16, 
1834; Captain Asa, September 28, 1834. 
5. Lucy, born July 25, 1747; married Rev. 
Williston. 6. Rev. Daniel, men- 
tioned below. 7. General Lemuel, born 
August II, 1752; married Mrs. Eunice 
Avery, widow of Elisha Avery, and 
daughter of General Israel Putnam; he 
was judge of the probate court. 8. Ezra, 
born June, 1755. 9. Chloe, bom Octo- 
ber 29, 1757; married, November 24, 1785, 
Joseph Hall, son of Rev. David Hall; 
born September 8, 1751 ; he graduated at 
Harvard College, 1774 ; he died at Sutton, 
April 6, 1840. 10. Captain Nathan, born 
December 17, 1764. 

(VIII) Rev. Daniel* Grosvenor (Eben- 
ezer', Ebenezer*, John*, William*, Wil- 
liam*, Richard*, William*) was bom at 
Pomfret, Connecticut, April 20, 1750. He 
graduated at Yale College in 1769. In 
1773 the church at Great Barrington 
voted to give Rev. Daniel Grosvenor a 
call to settle there. This he declined. He 
was ordained pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church at Grafton, October 19, 
1774. At the ordination the introductory 
prayer was offered by Rev. Aaron Put- 
nam, his brother-in-law, of the First 
Church of Pomfret. The sermon was 


preached by Rev. Ebenezer Grosvenor, of 
Scituate, an older brother. The text was 
Genesis 45 : 24 "See that ye fall not out of 
the way". The charge was given by Rev. 
David Hall, D. D., of Sutton, his father- 
in-law. Mr. Grosvenor continued in the 
ministry here until the close of 'the year 
1787, when he was dismissed at his own 
request having lost his voice. "The suc- 
cess of his ministerial labors here is best 
attested by the unwillingness of his 
people to consent to his removal so long 
as there was any reason to hope he would 
be able to resume his labors. He was a 
man of very pleasing manners, both in 
the pulpit and out of it, dignified in his 
bearing and engaging in his address. 
Rare conversational powers united with 
these qualities made him everywhere a 
pleasant companion. His fondness for 
anecdote, ready wit, and plentiful re- 
sources, also served to make his presence 
always welcome to those who loved so- 
ciety. In his doctrines he was said to be 
moderate, avoiding all extremes, and his 
manner of speaking was easy, fluent and 
vivacious. His attractions as a preacher 
were much more than ordinary." Mr. 
Grosvenor owned and occupied the house 
in Grafton built by Rev. Solomon Pren- 
tice which is still standing. On Novem- 
ber 5, 1794, he was installed as pastor at 
Paxton, Massachusetts, where he was 
settled until November 17, 1802, when he 
was dismissed at his own request. 

Leicester Academy was incorporated 
March 23, 1784. The first meeting of the 
trustees was held April 7, 1784, and on 
July 4th of the same year Rev. Daniel 
Grosvenor was elected one of the trustees, 
and continued on the board until 1815. 
Hon. Emory Washburn in his "History 
of Leicester Academy", in speaking of 
Mr. Grosvenor, says: 

Among the incidents which serve to illustrate 
his character as a man, — ^when the alarm of the 
march of the British troops on Lexington reached 

MASS^VoL IV-U 161 

Grafton, the company of Minute Men which had 
been raised, of which Mr. Grosvenor was a mem- 
ber, marched at once for the scene of action, and 
shouldering his musket, he promptly took his 
place in their ranks and marched with them to 

After leaving Paxton he resided at 
Petersham, Massachusetts, where he died 
July 22, 1834. His will was dated Febru- 
ary 15, 1834, and probated August 19, 
1834. He married, at Sutton, May 9, 
1776, Deborah Hall, daughter of 1R.ev. 
David Hall and his wife, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr. Jonathan and Rebecca 
(Bulkeley) Prescott, of Concord. His 
widow died at Petersham, September 11, 
1841. Her will was dated March 10, 1841, 
and probated January 4, 1842. The chil- 
dren of Rev. Daniel and Deborah Gros- 
venor were: i. Daniel Bulkeley, bom at 
Grafton, August 10, 1777, died 1822; 
married Lucy Williston. 2. Jonathan 
Prescott, mentioned below. 3. Colonel 
David Hall, born at Grafton, November 
30, 1779, died August 10, 1842, aged 
sixty-three; married (first) at Holden, 
Martha Newton, of Paxton, April 24, 
1804; married (second) Eliza Bigelow 
at Petersham; she died April 11, 1835. 
4. Deborah Hall, born at Grafton, De- 
cember 9, 1781 ; married Newton 

at Paxton. 5. Ebenezer Oliver, born at 
Grafton, October 29, 1783, died aged 
eighty-seven; married Mary Ann Liver- 
more, of Paxton. 6. Lucy Williston, bom 
at Grafton, December 8, 1785, died at 
Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, October 13, 
1861 ; married, December 30, 1812, Rev. 
Joel Wright, born in Milford, New Hamp- 
shire, January 26, 1784, died in South 
Hadley Falls, June 8, 1859, graduated at 
Dartmouth College. 7. Ira Rufus, bom 
at Grafton, September 10, 1787, died 
young. 8. Elizabeth Sophia, born at 
Grafton, November 25, 1789; married, 
May 9, 1816, Ashbel Goddard, of Peter- 
sham. 9. Rev. C)rrus Pitt, bom at Graf- 


ton, October i8, 1792, died aged eighty- committee which had the oversight of 
six, January, 1879; grsiduated at Dart- moving and remodelling the building, 
mouth College, 181 8; married (first) 
Sarah W. Warner; married (second) 

Howard. 10. Rev. Moses Gill, 

bom at Paxton, September 25, 1796, died 
at Worcester, July 24, 1879; graduated 
at Dartmouth College, 1822; married 
(first) February 10, 1830, Sophia Grout, of 
Petersham; married (second) Hannah D. 
Orbison, of Troy, Ohio, August 24, 1865. 

(IX) Jonathan* Prescott Grosvenor 
(Daniel*, Ebenezer', Ebenezer*, John*, 
William*, William*, Richard*, William') 
was bom at Grafton, November 30, 1779. 
He married (first) at Holden, April 23, 
1804, Bethiah Avery, daughter of Rev. 
Joseph and Mary (Allen) Avery. She 
died at Paxton, January 3, 1833. Married 
(second) November 20, 1838, Mrs. Han- 
nah (Brooks) Hoar, of Lincoln, Massa- 
chusetts. She died at Paxton, April 17, 
1848. Married (third) Abigail Kennison. 
He was fourteen years old when his 
father was settled over the church in Pax- 
ton and here he lived until his death. A 
short time before Rev. Daniel Grosvenor 
moved to Petersham he deeded to his 
twin sons, Jonathan Prescott and David 
Hall Grosvenor, a farm on which he had 
lived at Paxton. The two brothers lived 
together in one family for some time after 
their marriage. On June 14, 1814, David 
H. sold his interest to his brother, Jona- 
than P. Jonathan P. remained on the 
farm until about 1840 when he moved to 
a house in the center village of Paxton, 
where he lived until his death. 

Mr. Grosvenor was always interested 
in the questions of the day and took an 
active part in town affairs. He served as 
selectman and assessor. He was a mem- 
ber of the convention to revise the Con- 
stitution of Massachusetts in 1820-21. 
When the meeting house was moved 
from the Common to its present location 
about 1835, he was the chairman of the 

For many years he was justice of the 
peace and performed the duties of that 
office which at that time were more im- 
portant than at the present day. On ac- 
count of his judgment and executive 
ability he was consulted in regard to legal 
affairs and was often appointed to settle 
estates. He was known as ''Esquire 
Grosvenor." The house where he lived 
for so many years in Paxton and where 
all of his children were bom is still stand- 
ing. He died at Paxton, September 11, 
1854, and is buried in the graveyard back 
of the church. His will was dated May 
20, 1854, and probated November 7, 1854. 
His children, all by his first wife, are 
as follows: i. Daniel Prescott, bom at 
Paxton, January 23, 1805 ; married (first) 
at Paxton, April 23, 1830, Harriet, daugh- 
ter of Job and Martha Pierce ; she died at 
Paxton, August 15, 1840; he married 
(second) at Salem, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 30, 1843, Lois, daughter of Joseph 
and Elizabeth Knight ; she was bom 1801 
and died at Peabody, November 23, 1886; 
he died at Peabody, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 5, 1882 ; he was a school teacher and 
lived in the west for many years. 2. 
Mary Avery, born August 8, 1806, at 
Paxton, died June 20, 181 1. 3. Joseph 
Avery, born August 22, 1808, at Paxton, 
died May 30, 1828. 4. Lucy Bethiah, 
born at Paxton, March 10, 18 10; married, 
at Paxton, May 17, 1838, David Manning, 
son of Jesse Manning and Mary Durrah, 
born April 14, 1812, at Sutton, New 
Hampshire; he died at Worcester, April 
15, 1890; she died at Worcester, April 7, 
1896. 5. David Hall, born February 25, 
1812, at Paxton, died April 23, 1812. 6. 
Catharine Ann, bom at Paxton, March 
II, 1813, died May 28, 1813. 7. Deborah 
Maria, born October 21, 1814, at Paxton, 
died December 22, 1814. 8. Samuel 
Avery, bom December 4, 1815, at Pax- 



■ ' '■ vl 

' « ^ 


ton; married (first) October 17, 1844, 
Lois R. Partridge, oi Medway; she died 
in Paxton a few days after the birth of 
her daughter, Lois Partridge, who was 
bom September 19, 1845; he married 
(second) December 16, 1847, Marianne 
Watson, of Leicester; he died October 
19, 1850; his widow married (second) 
John C. Newton, of Worcester; she was 
born May i, 1815, and died July 6, 1878. 

9. Harriet Newell, see "Kent Family". 

10. Elisabeth Hall, bom at Paxton, June 
29, 1820; married. May 18, 1841, at Pax- 
ton, Isaac Davis White, son of Aaron 
and Mary (Avery) White, who was born 
in Boylston, March 20, 1806, and died in 
Brookline, March 10, 1901 ; she died July 
19, 1906. II. Jonathan Bulkeley, born at 
Paxton, April 30, 1822 ; married at Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, October 8, 1856, Sarah 
Jane Latimer, daughter of Elisha and 
Mary Ann (Griswold) Latimer, of Hart- 
ford; she died September 10, 1908, at 
Worcester; he died December 6, 1893, at 
Worcester. 12. Sarah Thaxter, bom De- 
cember 9, 1824, at Paxton; married 
Charles W. Rhoads, December 25, 1850; 
died February 13, 1895; their children 
were: Sarah Elisabeth, born at Paxton, 
September 29, 1853, and Emma Sophia, 
bom at Paxton, July 9, 1858, died June 
12, 1863. ^3- Charles William, bom at 
Paxton, February 14, 1827; married at 
Holden, March 21, 1848, Nancy, daughter 
of David and Nancy (Davis) Clapp ; she 
was born at Holden, June i, 1828, and 
died at Leicester, May 10, 1888. 

LEGG, John, 

According to Patronimica Britannica, 
the authority on derivation of English 
surnames, the surname Legg has three 
different origins. In other words there 
may be three or more families of this 
name having different origins. One is a 

variation of Legh which is traced to 
Thomas de Lega, son of Hugh, son of 
Oswald de Lega de Easthall, extending 
back to the time of the Norman Conquest, 
living at High Legh, County Chester. 
The other variations in spelling Legh are : 
Leighe, Leigh, Leghe, Ligh, Lighe, Lea, 
Leaye, Ley, Leye and Lee. The sign of 
some ancient trader, a leg, came into use 
as the surname of his family, thus ex- 
plaining the origin of the surname Legg 
or Legge as well as Leg, Legg and Legge 
are found in use in ancient records as 
personal names. Fil' Legg is fouund in 
the Hundreds Rolls, a record antedating 
the use of surnames. 

Whatever the origin, however, the sur- 
name of Legg is as old as any in England 
and various branches of the family have 
borne coats-of-arms. The coat-of-arms of 
the Legge family of Wiltshire is des- 
cribed: Azure, a buck's head argent, an 
annulet or. This is a very old armorial 
and is obviously that from which the 
armorial of the Earl and Barons of Dart- 
mouth was derived — ^Azure a buck's head 
cabossed argent. The Legge family of Bil- 
son (Lord Stawell) has the same armorial 
and the motto: En parole je vis. The 
motto of the Earl of Dartmouth is: 
Gaudet tentanUne znrtus. 

The arms of the Legge family of Kent 
has a different armorial: Or two lions 
counter pass azure. This family was 
seated at Legge, near Tunbridge, and of 
this family was Thomas Legge, Lord 
Mayor of London in 1345, whose descend- 
ant, William Legge, settled in Ireland 
and there married a daughter of Lord 
Bermingham, of Athenry. Another an- 
cient coat-of-arms borne by the Leg and 
Legg families, slightly varied in different 
branches is described: Gules a cross 
engrailed argent a bordure of the last. 
Crest : A fountain of three raisings play- 
ing proper. 



William and John Lcgg, presumably 
brothers, bom about 1700, were early set- 
tlers in Mendon, Massachusetts. The 
Legg family of Worcester is descended 
from the ancient Wiltshire Legges. 

James Legg was born in Westbury, 
Wiltshire, England, December 18, 1822. 
His father was a weaver. His great- 
grandfather had a long and unsuccessful 
contest over an estate in chancery and 
while his claim to the property was 
fruitless, the relationship to the ancient 
family and his inherited right to the coat- 
of-arms mentioned above were shown by 
the litigation. His immediate relatives, 
however, were in humble circumstances 
and most of them were weavers by trade. 
His early education was limited to in- 
struction in the home. It is said that he 
went to school but one-half day. He 
learned to operate a hand-loom when very 
young, and early in life developed a 
special aptitude for designing fancy wool- 
ens which were then coming into fashion 
for men's wear. His designs attracted 
the attention of the trade and when 
hardly more than a boy he became a 
master weaver, making designs for manu- 
facturers without compensation other 
than the weaving of the goods, but so 
popular were his designs that he had to 
employ a number of weavers. He became 
dissatisfied with conditions in England. 
Influenced by the teachings of John 
Bright and other liberal thinkers he be- 
came too democratic to bear the restraints 
and exactions of English customs. He 
was ambitious and at a time when many 
Englishman were coming to America his 
attention was attracted by the great and 
growing opportunities in this country. 
About 1848 he visited this country to 
study conditions here, but returned to 
England and continued in business there 
until 1854, when with his wife and four 
sons he left his old home to make a new 
start in the United States. He came with 

a fixed determination to become a woolen 
manufacturer, but with characteristic 
caution and foresight he began to work 
as a power loom weaver in order to learn 
the business thoroughly. He was pains- 
taking, faithful, industrious, self-denying, 
frugal, patient and his career from this 
time to the end of his life was steadily 
ahead. He settled in Pascoag, Rhode 
Island. He was employed for a time in 
the mill of John Marsh near Turkeyville. 
Thence he went to Graniteville and enter- 
ed the employ of John and Oscar Chase, 
and in 1861 he became a boss weaver in 
the woolen mill of Smith & Lapham at 
Cherry Valley, near Worcester. Two 
years later he became the junior partner 
of the firm of Moriarity, Whitehead & 
Legg, which established a profitable busi- 
ness in the manufacture of woolens at 
Putnam, Connecticut. In 1865, however, 
he withdrew from the firm to engage in 
business on his own account at Maple- 
ville in the town of Burrillville, Rhode 
Island. He purchased the mill and was 
successful from the beginning. In 1870 
he nearly lost his life in d fire that de- 
stroyed his mill. Mr. Legg and his 
watchman, LaPoint, made an attempt to 
extinguish the fire.> LaPoint lost his life 
and Mr. Legg was dragged from the 
mill by Mr. Moies, a colored barber, who 
was the first to come to the scene of the 
disaster. Mr. Legg suflFered much from 
burns and from inhaling the smoke. The 
foundation of a new mill had already been 
laid and in 1872 the new building was 
occupied. Business was prosperous and 
in some years Mr. Legg cleared over 
$50,000. The burning of the mill was a 
severe loss as nearly all the insurance 
companies in which he had policies were 
ruined by the Chicago fire. He shared his 
prosperity with others and expended 
much money in the improvement of the 
village of Mapleville. 

From an obituary notice of Mr. Legg, 




we quote : "Mapleville is a pretty country- 
village, its streets lined with maples, as 
its name suggests. It also abounds in 
fruit trees, almost entirely of his plant- 
ing. On every side are clustered the 
remains of his work or the imprint of his 
thought. His government of the village 
was benevolent and patriarchal, taking in 
every interest." Some five years before 
his death reverses in business came to 
him, largely through his confidence in 
others. He bore up bravely through all 
this painful experience, although in fail- 
ing health, and remained in active busi- 
ness to the end of his life. He was the 
owner of the Worcester Woolen Mills, 
Worcester, Massachusetts. In March, 
1890, the business at Mapleville was in- 
corporated under the name of the Maple- 
ville Woolen Company, of which he was 
president and treasurer at the time of his 
death. Mr. Legg had a beautiful country 
estate at Cottage City and owned valuable 
real estate there. He took great pleasure 
in caring for the grounds about his place, 
in planting vines, shrubs and trees. He 
died at his summer home, August 2, 1890, 
after a brief illness. Interment was at 
Pascoag Cemetery, near Mapleville. 

He married, March 4, 1841, Betsey 
Whatley, in England. She was born in 
England, NovemJber 25, 1822. She died 
December 29, 1897, at the home of her 
daughter, Mrs. Fred Haines, at Wilkin- 
sonville, Massachusetts. Children : James, 
born May 8, 1842; Caroline, born Febru- 
ary 18, 1844, died October 20, 1844; Jo- 
seph, born June 28, 1845, ^^^^ ^it Turkey- 
ville, Rhode Island, December 12, 1854; 
George, born January 24, 1847, ^*^^ ^^ 
Providence, February 26, 1903; Caroline, 
bom March 5, 1850, died April 16, 1850; 
John, born May 28, 1851 ; Caroline, bom 
August 8, 1852, died July 10, 1853 ; Wil- 
liam, born July 16, 1854, at Turkcyville, 
in Burrillville; Elizabeth, bom June 3, 

1856, at Graniteville, Rhode Island ; Caro- 
line, born December 30, 1858, at Granite- 
ville; Alma, born September 11, i860, at 
Graniteville; Joseph, born December 2, 
1863, at Putnam, Connecticut, died April 
4, 1864; Mary Matilda, born at Putnam, 
February 3, 1865, died at Mapleville, 
October 5, 1865. 

The following tribute to the character 
of Mr. Legg was published at the time 
of his death : "He was a man of sterling 
integrity and one of the best known 
woolen manufacturers of his time. * * 
His manner was quiet and unassuming, 
but those who became intimate with him 
found him jovial and pleasant, warm in 
his friendships, never forgetting a kind- 
ness; positive in his opinion, frankly ex- 
pressed, never using flattery himself and 
abominating it in others; with a temper 
quick as a flash, with loss of control for 
the moment, under real or fancied provo- 
cation, but a large, liberal, generous 
nature incapable of feelings of malice, 
quick to forget and forgive." Another 
writer says: "He was a man of great 
energy and perseverance. He was very 
set in his way, and when his mind was 
made up it could not be turned. He 
never aspired to any political office and 
never held any in Burrillville. He was 
not a believer in secret societies. Although 
not a member of any church, he gave the 
rent of a hall owned by him and paid 
liberally for the support of preaching." 
In politics he was a Republican. 

John Legg, son of James Legg, was 
born in the parish of Hilperton, near 
Trowbridge, England, May 28, 1851. He 
attended the public schools at Putnam, 
Connecticut, and Mapleville, Rhode 
Island. At the age of eight years he 
began to work in the woolen mill and 
after that age he spent most of his time in 
the mill when not in school. At the age 
of sixteen, he decided to go to college 



and began to prepare at Lapham Institute 
at North Scituate, Rhode Island, paying 
his expenses from his own savings. But 
his health was not good, and after nearly 
two years of study he was prevailed upon 
by his mother to leave school. He mas- 
tered all the departments in his father's 
business and in 1874 became superintend- 
ent of the Mapleville mills. He was 
admitted to partnership by his father and 
became general manager of the Mapleville 
mill and subsequently also general man* 
ager of the Worcester Woolen Mills. 
After the death of his father in 1890, the 
Worcester business was bought by a cor- 
poration, consisting of Mr. Legg and three 
others, under the name of the Worcester 
Woolen Mill Company, of which E. D. 
Thayer, Jr., was president; Charles J. 
Little was treasurer and Mr. Legg was 
manager. The other stockholder and 
director was W. B. Fay of the firm of 
Goddard, Fay & Stone, shoe manufac- 
turers, Worcester. Mr. Legg continued 
as general manager until 1907, when he 
succeeded Mr. Thayer, and since that 
time has been president of the company. 
The other officers of the corporation arc 
Frank S. Fay, treasurer, and J. Francis 
Legg, general manager. The company 
manufactures a great variety of woolen 
overcoat and cloak cloth and makes a 
specialty of the cloth used in the uniforms 
of the United States army, navy, marines 
and post office mail carriers. The mill 
is thoroughly modern in equipment and 
management. The neat and attractive 
exterior indicates the care and thought 
expended to provide cleanliness, comfort 
and healthfulness in the work rooms. 
Two characteristic things may be seen 
in the office. One is a striking portrait of 
the founder, James Legg; the other is a 
memorial thanking Mr. John Legg for an 
increase in wages, reduction in hours and 
fraternal interest in those employed at 

the works signed by the employes. The 
regular force numbers three hundred. 

Mr. Legg has divided his time chiefly 
among the interests of business, home and 
church. He is a nuember of Trinity 
Melhodist Episcopal Church and for 
many years has been a trustee and treas- 
urer. For the support of the church he 
has given generously and largely of his 
energy and to his personal work the 
church owes the payment of a long stand- 
ing debt; he was chairman of the com- 
mittee to raise the funds. He was class 
leader for seventeen consecutive years, 
and a teacher in the Sunday school from 
the time he came to Worcester until re- 
cently. He has been a member of the 
executive committee of the Massachu- 
setts Sunday School Association ; also of 
the International Sunday School Commit- 
tee ; for several years he was chairman of 
the New England Northfield Summer 
School of Sunday School Methods; for 
seven years superintendent of Trinity 
Sunday school, and for several years 
president of the Worcester District of the 
Massachusetts Sunday School Associ- 
ation. Mr. Legg has taken an active part 
in missionary work. From 1904 to 191 1, 
under the leadership of Mr. Legg, Trinity 
Sunday school showed great growth and 
progress and became one of the very best 
schools in the State and the largest in the 

Until 19 1 2 Mr. Legg gave his earnest 
support to the Republican party, though 
he declined all opportunities to enter 
public service. In 191 2 he joined the 
Progressive party and took an active part 
in completing the organization, serving as 
delegate to the State Convention in 1913. 
He is a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce and of the Worcester Country 
Club. In 1910 Mr. and Mrs. Legg crossed 
the continent from Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, to Los Angeles, California, in an 



automobile, and then spent six months in 
the Orient and six months in the west 
and northwest and Alaska. 

He married, June 27, 1877 Sarah Cong* 
don Fifield, daughter of Dt. Moses and 
Hannah Arnold (Allen) Fifield, of Centre- 
ville, Rhode Island (see Fifield VII). 
From 1895 to 191 1 Mrs. Legg was presi- 
dent of the Ladies' Social Circle of Trinity 
Church. In October, 1914, she was 
elected for the twelfth consecutive year 
the president of the New England Branch 
of the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety connected with the Methodist 
church. A large part of her time in recent 
years has been devoted to missionary 
and other benevolent work. In 1895 ^r. 
Legg built a very artistic and commodious 
residence at No. 5 Claremont street, and 
their home became a veritable center of 
hospitality. In 1912 Mr. Legg's new 
house on South Lenox street was occu- 
pied. It is beautifully located in Lenox, 
the new residential park laid out on 
Chamberlin Hill. Children: i. John 
Francis, born at Mapleville, May 23, 1878 ; 
graduate of the Worcester High School ; 
became associated in business with his 
father and since 1907 has been general 
manager of the Worcester Woolen Mill ; 
married (first) July 8, 1901, Mary Emma 
Duke, born May 7, 1876, daughter of 
Charles and Mary Josephine (Dicken- 
son) Duke; children: Dorathea, born 
and died August 7, 1902, and Robert 
Navarre, born November 23, 1906; mar- 
ried (second) November 30, 191 1, Frances 
Louise Sloan, born October 27, 1886, a 
daughter of George Henry and Mary 
Louise (Moss) Sloan. 2. Rev. Howard 
Fifield, bom at Mapleville, April 23, 1881 ; 
gfraduated from the Worcester High School, 
the Wesleyan University in 1904, and 
Drew Theological Seminary at Madison, 
New Jersey, in 1907; was pastor of the 
Park Avenue Church, Worcester, 1910 


and 191 1, and is now pastor of Wilbra- 
ham, Massachusetts, Federalist Church; 
married. May 14, 1907, Nellie Blanche 
Van Ostrand, born November 29, 1880, 
daughter of Henry and Mary L. (Sher- 
wood) Van Ostrand; children: Rosa- 
mond Sherwood, born February 6, 1908, 
died March 6, 1908; John Gordon, Octo- 
ber 20, 1909; Gaylord Douglass, July 16, 
1912. 3. Bessie Whatley, born April 23, 
1881, twin of Howard Fifield; graduate 
of the Worcester High School; studied 
afterward at Laselle Seminary, Auburn- 
dale, and at the New England Conserva- 
tory of Music, Boston ; soprano soloist in 
various Worcester church choirs; mar- 
ried, July 7, 1903, William Gray Harris. 
4. Emma Allen, born at Worcester, De- 
cember II, 1885; educated in the Wor- 
cester public schools; married, June 16, 
1908, Otto Asbury Bushnell, born Octo- 
ber 2, 1880, son of Milo and Addie 
(Miner) Bushnell; child, Priscilla Bush- 
nell, born May 5, 1909. 5. Helen Bennet, 
born December 10, 1887, died August i, 
1888. 6. Joseph Willard, born January 
18, 1889; graduated from the Worcester 
High School in 1909 and from the Wor- 
cester Polytechnic Institute in 1915; 
member of the honorary societies of Tau 
Beta Pi (T B H) and Sigma Xi (SH). 

(The Fifield Line). 

(I) William Fifield, the immigrant 
ancestor, came from England in the ship 
"Hercules," sailing April 11, 1634. Ac- 
cording to a deposition that he made 
March 9, 1669, he was then fifty-five years 
old and therefore was born in 1614. He 
settled first at Newbury, Massachusetts, 
and in 1639 removed to Hampton, New 
Hampshire. He was admitted a free- 
man, June 2, 1641, and died December 18, 
1700. His wife Mary died November 9, 
1683. Their descendants have been 
numerous in Hampton and various other 


towns of New Hampshire. Children: 
Benjamin, mentioned below; William, 
born February i, 1652; Lydia, January 12, 
1655 ; Elizabeth, September 7, 1657 ; Han- 
nah, December 10, 1659; Deborah, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1661. 

(II) Benjamin Fifield, son of William 
Fifield, was born in 1646, and died August 

1, 1706. He settled in Hampton half a 
mile from Dodge Mills on the south road 
to Kensington. He was killed by the 
Indians. He married, December 18, 1670, 
Mary, daughter of Edward Colcord. 
Children, born at Hampton: John, No- 
vember 21, 1671 ; Shuah, September 27, 
1673, d>cd November 14, 1683 ; daughter, 
May 3, 1676; Joseph, March 7, 1677; 
Edward, mentioned below; Benjamin, 
February 10, 1682, died 1776; Jonathan, 
removed to Kingston, descendants at 
Weare and Salisbury, New Hampshire; 
Mehitable, April 9, 1687. 

(III) Edward Fifield, son of Benjamin 
Fifield, was born March 27, 1678. He 
settled at Stratham, New Hampshire, and 

married Elizabeth . Children: 

Edward, born February 11, 1704; Mary, 
October 10, 1705; Benjamin, mentioned 
below; Moses, July 30, 1709; Jonathan, 
March 25, 171 1; Dorothy, August 23, 
1713; Elizabeth, May 4, 1716; John, No- 
vember 5, 1718; Joseph, September 13, 

(IV) Benjamin (2) Fifield, son of Ben- 
jamin (i) Fifield, was born at Stratham, 
October 10, 1707. He was one of the 
early settlers at Rumford, now Concord, 
New Hampshire. He served in Captain 
GofFe's Scouts in 1745 and in the com- 
pany of Captain John Webster for the 
protection of Pennycook in 1747 (see 
New Hampshire State Papers p. 915, vol. 
X VI) . He signed a petition dated January 

2, 1747-48, asking Governor Wentworth 
to furnish -2, guard for the grist mill at 
Rumford. He married (first) Sarah 

; (second) Hannah Peters. Chil- 
dren by first wife, bom at Stratham: 
Hannah, March 17, 1734; David, April 3, 
1736. Children by second wife, recorded 
at Concord: Mary, born April i, 1748; 
Obadiah Peters, August 31, 1749; Wil- 
liam^ May 6, I75i» lived at Concord and 
had a son Moses, born October 20, 1786; 
Hannah, December 21, 1752; Benjamin, 
October 4, 1754, settled at Salisbury, New 
Hampshire; Jonathan, August 9, 1756; 
Sarah, July 13, 1758; Paul, August 5, 
1760; John, May 20, 1762; Moses, men- 
tioned below; David, January 16, 1767; 
Shuah, January 27, 1769. 

(V) Moses Fifield, son of Benjamin 
(2) Fifield, was born at Rumford, August 
II, 1764. One account says he settled 
first in Plainfield, New Hampshire. Wil- 
liam and Moses Fifield signed the Asso- 
ciation Test in Concord in 1776. Jona- 
than Fifield, brother of Benjamin, men- 
tioned above, was in the French and 
Indian War from Concord in 1754-56. 
Moses Fifield removed to Unity, New 
Hampshire, before 1790. In the census of 
1790 he was the only head of family 
reported in that town and had a family 
of four females, doubtless his wife and 
three daughters. He signed petitions of 
inhabitants of Unity and Sunapee, No- 
vember 24, 1 791, and May 23, 1794. (See 
New Hampshire State Papers ps. 584-85, 
vol. XIII). Also a petition dated De- 
cember 2, 1790 (p. 503). The vital 
records of Unity do not contain the 
records of birth of his children. He mar- 
ried Martha West and Lucy Livingston. 
He had at least three daughters, however, 
and the sons : Moses, mentioned below ; 
John, who died at Unity, August 25, 1870, 
aged seventy-eight years; Samuel, died 
April 14, 1884, at Bridgewater, New 
Hampshire, aged seventy-seven. 

(VI) Rev. Moses (2) Fifield, son of 
Moses (i) and Lucy (Livingston) Fifield, 



was bom at Unity, New Hampshire, De- 
cember 7, 1790, and died at Centre ville, 
Rhode Island, April 19, 1859. The fol- 
lowing account of his life was published 
in the "Zion's Herald" in April, 1859: 

Of his conversion I am not able to give any 
account, save that it took place when he was 
about fifteen years of age, and that its soundness 
and thoroughness were satisfactorily evidenced 
by his subsequent life and experience. Impelled 
by the love of Christ and of the souls of his fel- 
lowmen, and by a deep conviction of duty, he 
soon learned to conquer his native diffidence, 
which inclined him to shrink from engaging 
actively in the exercises of the social gatherings 
of the people of God. The attention of the church 
was arrested by the fervor, simplicity and im- 
pressiveness of his prayers and exhortations, so 
that in due time he was licensed to preach, was 
"thrust out" to labor in the Lord's vineyard. He 
was admitted to the itinerant ranks as a proba- 
tioner, in connection with the New England Con- 
ference in 181 6 and stationed in the Sandwich 
circuit. The following year he was stationed on 
the Harwich circuit and at the following confer- 
ence was admitted into full connection, ordained 
deacon by Bishop George, and reappointed to the 
Harwich circuit. In 181 9 he was stationed in 
Providence; at the conference of 1820 was or- 
dained elder by Bishop George and was stationed 
that year and the following in Springiield, Massa- 
chusetts; in 1822 and 1823 on the Ellington and 
Warehouse Point circuit and in 1824 on the Tol- 
land circuit. Here his health, which had always 
been infirm, and had often rendered his minis- 
terial labors exceedingly painful, completely gave 
way, and obliged him at the following session of 
the Conference to ask for a superannuate rela- 
tion. From this time his name was always found 
either on the superannuated or supernumerary list 
of his conference, as he never sufficiently re- 
covered his health to allow him to resume the 
labors and responsibilities of an effective relation. 

Trained from boyhood to habits of industry, 
self-reliance and economy. Father Fifield now di- 
rected his attention to secular pursuits, for the 
support of his family. Divine Providence smiled 
upon his efforts and kindly opened his way before 
him, so that he ultimately became located in War- 
wick, Rhode Island, where he continued to reside, 
respected and beloved by the entire community, 
until removed to his heavenly home. In Novem- 
ber, 1828, he was elected cashier of the Centre- 
ville Bank, and entered upon the duties of his 


office the following month. In 1845 he was elected 
treasurer of the Warwick Institution for Savings. 
Both of these offices he continued to hqld to the 
entire satisfaction of the respective corporations, 
until January, 1857, when his increasing infirmities 
compelled him to retire from them. But though 
thus engaged in secular business, his interest in 
the cause of Christ, and especialy in the church of 
his early choice, waned not. Upon his removal to 
Centreville, he found a small class, which was 
regularly visited by the circuit preachers. With 
this little band he at once identified himself, and 
entered upon the series of labors and sacrifices 
which ended only with his life; to which under 
God, very much of the present position and pros- 
perity of the Methodist Episcopal Church of that 
place is to be attributed. So long as he was able 
he loved to preach the gospel. He took an active 
interest in the Sabbath school, and in the social 
meetings of the church was ever ready to con- 
tribute his part to render them interesting and 
useful, and especially rejoiced when he could 
weep with the weeping, penitent or rejoice with 
the new-bom convert. 

Prudent, yet liberal and cheerful in his pecuni- 
ary contributions, the amount of the church's in- 
debtedness to him will not be known until the 
great day reveals all secret things. Father Fifield 
was a very great sufferer. He commenced in 
boyhood a life of pain, which increased in severity 
and constancy with his advance in years. He has 
often told me that for years he had scarcely 
known a moment in which he was free from 
suffering; while at times, and indeed a large pro- 
portion of the time, these sufferings were most 
excruciating. Rest and sleep could usually be 
secured only by means of opiates. Yet, who ever 
heard him complain of the severity of the Divine 
administration towards him? His constant prayer 
was for patience, for grace to endure all the will 
of God ; and his prayer was answered. 

His Christian experience during the two years 
of my acquaintance with him was usually very 
clear and satisfactory. As his strength declined 
and it became evident to himself and others that 
enfeebled nature was with increasing rapidity 
yielding to the power of disease, his experience 
became increasingly rich and glorious. At times, 
his joys seemed almost too ecstatic for his feeble 
frame to endure, and it would seem that his happy 
spirit would burst the frail tabernacle which im- 
prisoned it, and fly away to its home and its God. 
Sometimes he was severely buffeted by the adver- 
sary and maintained faithful and protracted con- 
flicts with powers of darkness. Usually, how- 
ever, his "peace was as a river'' and he con- 


templated his approaching deliverance from 
human pains and infirmities with great joy. So 
long as strength continued, he discoursed sweetly 
upon the religion of Christ, recommending it to 
the impenitent, encotu*aging and exhorting the 
lovers of Christ to fidelity, and in songs and 
shouts giving utterance to praise and to grateful 
joy. Thus died a good man; one whose virtues 
far outweighed his frailties, leaving behind him 
in the family circle, the church and the business 
and neighborhood circles in which he moved, a 
holy savor, which will not soon be lost 

He married, March 5, 1820, Celia 
Knight, born May 27, 1786, daughter of 
Robert and Elizabeth Knight (see 
Knight). She died July 31, 1874. Chil- 
dren: I. Annah, born March 29, 1822, 
died July 10, 1873; married, July i, 1841, 
Samuel Almoran Briggs, merchant, of 
Providence. 2. Moses, mentioned below. 
3. Jane, born January 5, 1826, died August 
I5> 1893; married, October 24, 1853, 
Edward Burlingame, of Providence. 4. 
Mary, born March 13, 1828, died unmar- 
ried, July 8, 1905. 

(VII) Dr. Moses (3) Fifield, son of 
Rev. Moses (2) Fifield, was born De- 
cember 23, 1823, at Warehouse Point, 
Connecticut. He received his education 
in the public schools of Centreville, Wes- 
leyan Academy at Wilbraham, Massa- 
chusetts, and the East Greenwich (Rhode 
Island) Seminary. He began to study 
medicine in the offices of Doctors George 
and Charles W. Fabyan, of Providence, 
and was graduated in medicine at the 
University of New York in 1846. He 
practiced medicine in Fall River, Massa- 
chusetts, and Little Compton, Rhode 
Island, until 1852, when he succeeded to 
the practice of Dr. J. M. Keith at Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island. In August, 1856, 
four years later, on account of the illness 
of his father, he removed to Centreville in 
Warwick, to attend his father, and he 
succeeded him as cashier of the Centre- 
ville Bank and treasurer of the Warwick 
Institution for Savings. He held these 

offices and continued in practice to the 
end of his life. He died April 9, 1900. 
Dr. Fifield was a thirty-second degree 
Mason. He was a member of the Rhode 
Island Medical Society and of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. An obituary 
notice published at the time of his death 
said of him: 

Dr. Fifield was one of those people who had 
something to do in this world and did it. Now 
that he rests from his labors, the world in which 
he moved misses his energy and pays tribute to 
his worth. He was one of those few men who 
could adapt themselves to a large number of those 
interests which touch the world at large, ally him- 
self to them, and assist in the responsibilities and 
duties connected with their management, in the 
family, in the church, in fraternal organizations, 
in his practice, in banking and in business, he 
found his place and capably filled it. 

He married (first) May 24, 1846, Han- 
nah Arnold Allen, born February 9, 1824, 
died January 8, 1898, daughter of Chris- 
topher and Sarah (Congdon) Allen. He 
married (second) February 19, 1899, 
Abbie F. Tillinghast, widow of Samuel 
Tillinghast and daughter of Marcus 
Lyon. Children: i. Moses, born July 
17, 1847; married, November 6, 1873, 
Anna Leora Stone, born October 10, 1850 ; 
their daughter, Mary Emeline, was born 
March 25, 1875, school teacher in Provi- 
dence a number of years, married George 
H. Brownell and has a son, Allen Fifield, 
and daughter Edith. 2. Henry Allen, 
born November 16, 1850, in Little Comp- 
ton; now with the B. B. & R. Knight 
Mills; married, November 16, 1871, Lizzie 
Preston Bennet ; children : i. Edith Wal- 
cott, born February 6, 1874, married, No- 
vember 16, 1899, Allan McNab, Jr., super- 
intendent of the Knight Mills; children: 
Donald Fifield, born July 30, 1900, diecl 
September 18, 1900; Allan Douglas, bom 
February 6, 1902; Elizabeth Walcott, 
born and died July 5, 1903 ; Helen Pres- 
ton, born August 26, 1905. ii. Henry 



Livingston, bom November 24, 1878, 
graduate of the Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute in 1903, now engineer at the 
Chicago Terminal ; married, December 21, 
1905, Bessie May Pardo. 3. Sarah Cong- 
don, born March 14, 1856; married John 
Legg (see Legg). 

(The Allen Line). 

(I) Matthew Allen, the immigrant 
ancestor, came from England to Dart- 
mouth, Bristol county, Massachusetts, 
and remained there for several years. In 
1712 he bought a tract of land in North 
Kingstown, Rhode Island, and settled 
upon it. He married (first) Elizabeth 

. He married (second) in 1729, 

Martha Ford, of Newport, Rhode Island. 
Children of Matthew and Elizabeth 
Allen : Rose, born September 24, 1701 ; 
Caleb, February 27, 1704; Benjamin, 
mentioned below; Joshua, August 19, 
1710; Elizabeth, June 20, 1713. 

(II) Benjamin Allen, son of Matthew 
Allen, was born April 21, 1707. He mar- 
ried a daughter of Jeffrey Watson. Chil- 
dren : Matthew, mentioned below ; Chris- 
topher, married Sarah Mitchell; Hannah, 
married, March, 1750, Nicholas Northup, 


(III) Matthew (2) Allen, son of Ben- 
jamin Allen, was captain-lieutenant of a 
company in a regiment from. Newport and 
Bristol counties, 1775. He died in 1799. 
He married Hannah Dyer, of a famous 
old Rhode Island family. Children : Sam- 
uel Dyer, mentioned below; Penelope; 
Hannah, born 1769, married Oliver Ar- 
nold, of Exeter, Rhode Island. 

(IV) Samuel Dyer Allen, son of Mat- 
thew (2) Allen, was born November 21, 
1764, died April 8, 1828. He married 
Joanna Eldred, daughter of James Eldred. 
Children: i. Christopher, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Penelope, bom August 28, 1796. 
3. Charles, bom March 4, 1798; married 

Mary Congdon, daughter of Benjamin 
and Phebe (Bailey) Congdon; children: 
Phebe Anna, born July 12, 1834, died 
September 30, 1863 ; Almira, December 2, 
1835, died March, 1880; Eliza, March 24, 
1838, died May 20, 1858; Charles Dyer, 
March 5, 1841, died December 30, 1842; 
Hannah, April 22, 1842 ; Mary, November 
15. 1845 > Charles, July 19, 1848, died May 
27, 1913; Matthew, April 27, 1851 ; Chris- 
topher, August 15, 1854. 4. Matthew, 
born November 29, 1799, died in 1833. 
5. Benjamin, born January 7, 1802. 6. 
Hannah Dyer, born February 22, 1804; 
married John H. Gardiner; children: 
Mary Howland Gardiner; Samuel Dyer 
Gardiner; Charles Carroll Gardiner. 7. 
George, bom February 24, 1806, died 
January 27, 1807. 8. Lucy Ann, born 
April 28, 1808. 9. George Washington, 
born January 9, 1810. 10. William Henry, 
born December 28, 181 1, married Mary 
Wilcox Greene, daughter of James 
Greene ; children : Samuel Dyer and Wil- 
liam Henry. 11. Samuel Dyer, born 
July 31, 1814. 

(V) Christopher Allen, son of Samuel 
Dyer Allen, was born February 15, 1795, 
and died August 10, 1848. He married 
Sarah Congdon, daughter of Benjamin 
and Phebe (Bailey) Congdon. Children: 
I. Mary Emmeline, born August 28, 1821, 
died June 11, 1846. 2. Hannah Arnold, 
born February 9, 1824, died January 8, 
1898; married Dr. Moses Fifield (see 
Fifield). 3. Benjamin Congdon, born 
June 27, 1826, died March 20, 1880. 4. 
Samuel Dyer, born October 19, 1829, died 
August 20, 1837. 5. Crawford, born 
April 19, 1833, died March 8, 1863. 

(The Conffdon line). 

It is an old family tradition that Ben- 
jamin Congdon, mentioned below, came 
to this country with his brother John, 
who settled in New Jersey, and that their 



father's name was John and that their 
mother was a daughter of the Earl of 
Pembroke. In support of this story, it is 
claimed that Benjamin was bom in Pem- 
brokeshire, Wales, near St. David's and 
the coat-of-arms in use by his descendants 
bears this inscription: "The ancient 
family of Congdon of Willerby, in York- 
shire, descended out of Wales, now of 
Rhode Island." 

(I) Benjamin Congdon, the immigrant 
ancestor, was born about 1650, and settled 
as early as 1671 in Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island. He bought 230 acres of land in 
Kingstown, Rhode Island, September 20, 
1671, and removed thither a few years 
later. He was admitted a freeman of the 
Rhode Island colony in 1677. In 1683 he 
was a planter at Portsmouth and he was 
one of the eighteen purchasers of 7,000 
acres of "vacant" land in Narragansett 
in 1710. He married Elizabeth Albro, 
who died November 15, 1720, daughter of 
John and Dorothy Albro. Benjamin 
Congdon died June 17, 1718. Children: 
William, lived and died at North Kings- 
town ; Benjamin ; John ; James, men- 
tioned below ; Elizabeth ; Susanna. 

(II) James Congdon, son of Benjamin 
Congdon, was born April 19, 1686. He 
resided at Kingstown, Providence and 
Charlestown, Rhode Island. He was 
admitted a freeman in 1720; was a mem- 
ber of the town council in 1731, 1732, 
1733 and 1734; moderator of town meet- 
ings in 1745, 1747, 1748, 1749 and 1750; 
ratemaker in 1746 and 1748. He died 
September 27, 1757. He married (first) 
Margaret Eldred, daughter of Samuel and 
Martha (Knowles) Eldred; (second) No- 
vember 15, 1729, Dorcas Westcott, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Bethiah (Gardiner) 
Westcott ; (third) Mary (Taylor) Hoxsie, 
widow of Joseph Hoxsie and daughter of 
Robert and Deborah Taylor. Children 
by first wife: James, mentioned below; 

Penelope, Benjamin, Samuel, William, 
John, Elizabeth, Martha, Margaret. By 
second wife: Ephraim, Dorcas, Joseph. 
By third wife : Robert, Susanna, Phebe. 

(III) James (2) Congdon, son of 
James (i) Congdon, was born at Kings- 
town, November 27, 1707. He married 
at North Kingstown, March 30, 1731, 
Mary Vaughn. Children, born at North 
Kingstown : Elizabeth, August 26, 1732 ; 
John, mentioned below. There may have 
been other children. 

(IV) John Congdon, son of James (2) 
Congdon, was bom at North Kingstown, 
May 5, 1734. He married (first) March 
25, 1752, Mary Reynolds, daughter of 
John Reynolds; (second) October 22, 
1770, Mrs. Naomi Tew, of Jamestown, 
Rhode Island; (third) March 8, 1778, 
Abigail Carr, of Jamestown. Children by 
first wife: James, born November 23, 
1753; Hannah, March 4, 1755; John, 
March 23, 1757; Hewy, July 24, 1759; 
Jonathan, July 9, 1761 ; Benjamin, men- 
tioned below; Joseph, April 18, 1765; 
Mary, July 31, 1766; Elizabeth, August 
17, 1768. By second wife: Azariah and 
J. Naomi, twins, bom June 18, 1771 ; Wil- 
liam, January i, 1773; Oliver, April 15, 
1775; Mary, March 15, 1777. By third 
wife: Abigail, December 2, 1778; Carey, 
October 21, 1780; Gideon, February 9, 
1783; Peleg, October 9, 1784. 

(V) Benjamin (2) Congdon, son of 
John Congdon, was bom May 9, 1763. 
He married Phebe Bailey. Among their 
children was Sarah who married Chris- 
topher Allen (see Allen line). 

(The Kniffht Une). 

(I) Richard Knight, the first of the 
family in this country, was an early 
settler at Newport, Rhode Island. In 
1648-49 he was keeper of the prison, and 
in 1648-49-50-53-54-57-58 was general 
sergeant. He was admitted a freeman in 



1655, and was water bailiff in 1658. In 
1663 he bought lands in Narragansett 
with Henry Hall and their lands were 
known as the Hall and Knight Purchase. 
He and forty-seven others were granted, 
October 13, 1677, a hundred acres each in 
a plantation to be called East Greenwich. 
Richard Knight died in 1680 at Newport. 
He married, in 1648, Sarah Rogers, 
daughter of James and Mary Rogers. 
Children: John, Jonathan, mentioned 
below; David. 

(II) Jonathan Knight, son of Richard 
Knight, was admitted a freeman, April 
30, 1678. In 1693 he had two hundred 
acres laid out to him in the Hall and 
Knight Purchase. In 1695 he removed to 
Providence, in 1704 he was deputy to the 
General Assertibly. He was lieutenant 
and afterward captain. He died June 25, 
1 71 7. He married Hannah . Chil- 
dren: Hannah, Jonathan, Richard, 
Robert, mentioned below; Joseph. 

(III) Robert Knight, son of Jonathan 
Knight, was admitted a freeman in 1720. 
In 1736 he was a deputy to the General 
Assembly and was called captain. He 
died in 1771, leaving a will. He married, 
July 21, 1721, Mary Potter, daughter of 
John and Jane (Burling^me) Potter. She 
was a great-granddaughter of Robert 
Potter, one of the founders of Warwick. 
Children: Edward, William, Robert, 
mentioned below ; Charles, Joseph, Mary, 
Esther, Ruth and Patience. 

(IV) Robert (2) Knight, son of Robert 
(i) Knight, was born in September, 1721, 
and died April 18, 1791. He married, Au- 
gust 29, 1742, Mercy Gorton, born July 
4, 1722, died October i, 1809, daughter of 
John and Mercy (Mathewson) Gorton 
and gfreat-great-granddaughter of Samuel 
Gorton, one of the Warwick men taken to 
Boston in 1643 for resisting the authority 
of Massachusetts in Rhode Island, one of 
the leaders of the colony. Children of 

Robert and Mercy Knight : Ruth, Mercy, 
Zilpha, Mary, Freelove, Robert, men- 
tioned below; Anne, born 1760, married 
Joseph Potter, and had Alonzo, who be- 
came bishop of Pennsylvania, and whose 
son, Henry Codman Potter, was bishop of 
New York. 

(V) Robert (3) Knight, son of Robert 
(2) Knight, was born June 12, 1750, and 
died July 31, 1823. He married, in No- 
vember, 1768, Elizabeth Hammond, born 
May 6, 1750, died August 24, 1845, daugh- 
ter of Captain Amos Hammond, who 
raised and commanded a company of 
soldiers in the French and Indian War 
and afterward in the Revolution, taking 
part in the engagement at Crown Point. 
Robert Knight served during all of the 
Revolutionary War in the Captain Gen- 
eral's Cavaliers, the crack company of the 
State, and was in the battle of Rhode 
Island. Robert and Elizabeth Knight had 
twenty-two children, eleven of whom 
died in infancy, their names unrecorded. 
Children, born at Cranston: i. Rebecca, 
born November 4, 1769, died May 4, 1855 J 
married Cyrus Potter. 2. Lavinia, born 
December 8, 1770, died October 31, 1841 ; 
married John Greene. 3. Nehemiah, born 
April 13, 1774, died June 19, 1842; mar- 
ried Loruhamah Burton. 4. Elizabeth, 
born September 15, 1778, died April 19, 
1795* 5- Stephen, born May 13, 1780, 
died October i, 1848; married Esther 
Burton. 6. Robert, born May 22, 1782, 
died December 5, 1862; married Sophia 
Sheldon. 7. Amelia, born January i, 
1784, died April 13, 1854; married Stephen 
Burlingame. 8. Celia, born May 27, 1786, 
died July 31, 1874; married, March 5, 1820, 
Rev. Moses Fifield (see Fifield). 9. Amos, 
born July 24, 1788, died April 12, 1806. 

10. Annah, born March i, 1790, died June 
13, 1813; married Samuel Burlingame. 

11. Thomas, born April 13, 1792, died 
January 3, 1869; married Betsey Fenner. 



MATTHEWS, David A., 

Ohief of Polie# of Wove«ator. 

Rich<ard Matthews was a native of 
County Galway, Ireland, where he lived 
and died. Children: Richard, settled in 
Hopkinton, Massachusetts; George Rob- 
ert, mentioned below ; Jane, married Wil- 
liam Smith, lived in Boston ; Mary, mar- 
ried John Johnston and resided in Boston. 
The father of Richard Matthews was a 
sergeant major in the British army and 
fought at Bunker Hill in the Revolution, 
in the Connaught Rangers. 

(II) George Robert Matthews, son of 
Richard Matthews, was born April i, 
1815, in Aurham, County Galway. He 
received an excellent education in his 
native town, and at the age of seventeen 
left home and came to Nova Scotia, 
whither his sister had preceded him. Not 
long afterward, however, he removed to 
Boston, where he learned the trade of 
machinist. Afterward he became a shoe- 
maker. From 1857 to i860 he lived at 
Southborough, Massachusetts. During 
the next five years he resided at West 
Boylston, Worcester county. From 1865 
to the end of his life he lived in Worcester, 
where he died at the age of eighty-four 
years. He was of a Protestant family, a 
communicant of the Church of England. 
In politics he was a Democrat. 

He married, in Boston, October, 1840, 
Margaret Deering, who was born in 
Ulster, in the north of Ireland, in 1824, 
and died in Worcester, in 1897. She and 
her parents were communicants of the 
Roman Catholic church. Hef father, 
James Deering, was born in Bally- 
shannon, County Donegal, and came to 
this country when a young man. Of the 
children of James Deering, Rose, mar- 
ried Charles McClellen, a carpenter ; John 
Deering, who for many years was em- 
ployed at the Boston Museum, whose 

daughter Sarah married Daniel Cronin, 
constable at the Suffolk county court- 
house. Children of George Robert Mat- 
thews: I. Richard, born August 30, 1842, 
was for many years foreman of the Bay 
State Shoe Company and chairman of the 
board of registrars, Worcester; died Au- 
gust 30, 1913, at Worcester; married 
Mary Maloney; had eight children; his 
son George has been for some years teller 
of the Merchants' National Bank. 2. 
Robert Francis, born May 5, 1845, died 
in Worcester in 1907; enlisted in the 
Third Massachusetts Battery and served 
from 1863 to the end of the Civil War in 
the Army of the Potomac being a corporal 
at the time he was mustered out; for 
thirty years a police officer of Worcester ; 
married Mary Mahoney and had four chil- 
dren — Dr. George William, graduate of 
the Medical School, University of Penn- 
sylvania ; served in the Spanish War and 
entered the regular army ; was regimental 
surgeon with the rank of captain, a major 
by brevet ; contracted malaria during his 
service in the Philippines and died in 
1908 in the Worcester City Hospital; 
Eleanor, a school teacher, married Dr. 
John A. Dolan; Margaret, a school 
teacher in Worcester ; Dr. Robert, a grad- 
uate of the University of Pennsylvania, 
practicing at No. 22 Portland street, 
Worcester, residing with his mother at 
No. 91 Elm street. 3. David A., men- 
tioned below. 4. Jane, bom in 1849, ^^^ 
living in Cambridge, Massachusetts, un- 
married. 5. William, bom in 185 1 ; lives 
in St. Louis, manager. 6. Thomas Fran- 
cis, born in 1853; ^ traveling salesman, 
residing in St. Louis, Missouri; mar- 
ried Nellie and has two chil- 
dren, Joseph and Irene. 7. George. 8. 
John, died in 1894; a shoemaker by trade, 
resided in Worcester. 9. Mary, died at 
St. Louis, unmarried. 10. Margaret, bom 
June, 1857; married William L. Mason, 




who was a locomotive engineer on the 
Boston & Albany Railroad, resided at No. 
4 Orient street, Worcester; died April, 
1914; their son, George R. Mason, is a 
bookkeeper at the Reed-Prentice factory, 
and Harold is a student at Dartmouth 
College, class of 1917. 11. Joseph, born 
at West Boylston, a machinist; married 
Mary Kelly; children: George, foreman 
at the north works of the American Steel 
& Wire Company; John, bookkeeper for 
the American Brewing Company, Boston ; 
William, served in the Thirteenth United 
States Cavalry in the Philippines. 12. 
Sarah, died in early life at West Boylston. 
(Ill) Captain David A. Matthews, son 
of George Robert Matthews, was born in 
Boston, March 7, 1847. He attended the 
public schools in Southborough and, fol- 
lowing the custom of the times, began 
when a mere lad to make shoes in West 
Boylston and Worcester. He was em- 
ployed in finishing shoes in the old Timo- 
thy Stone shoe factory, which stood on 
the present site of the Worcester post 
office. At the age of sixteen, however, 
he enlisted in Boston as a private in the 
Third Massachusetts Battery, Light Ar- 
tillery, under Captain A. P. Martin, after- 
ward mayor of Boston and chairman of 
the Boston police commissioners. His 
brother, Robert Francis, enlisted in the 
same command and both were fortunate 
in escaping wounds and disease. Neither 
was off duty for any reason and they took 
part in all the campaigns and engage- 
ments of that hard-fighting battery in the 
Fifth Army Corps of General Grant, tak- 
ing part in the battles of the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, North Anna River, Laurel 
Hill, Cold Harbor, Weldon Railroad, 
Hatcher's Run, Five Forks, and the siege 
of Petersburg and being present at Lee's 
surrender. David A. was discharged with 
the rank of corporal, June 12, 1865, and 
returned to Worcester. He found em- 

ployment at his trade as shoe finisher 
in a West Boylston factory where he 
worked until he enlisted again, June 4, 
1867, in Troop E, Eighth United States 
Cavalry, at Boston. With four hundred 
men he went from Carlisle barracks to 
New York City, where they embarked on 
the steamship "Arizona," bound for the 
Isthmus of Panama. At that time the 
trip across the isthmus required an entire 
day. The trip on the Atlantic was very 
rough, the stay on the isthmus uncom- 
fortable, but the trip from Panama to 
San Francisco on the ship "Constitution" 
was a pleasing contrast. Arriving in San 
Francisco, July 13, the command was 
drilled for a time at Camp Angel Island, 
but soon afterward the men were sent 
to various sections on the western fron- 
tier. Mr. Matthews was assigned to 
Company E, Eighth Cavalry, which went 
northward to the Columbia river, four 
hundred miles, landing at Portland, 
Oregon, and proceeding thence to Fort 
Vancouver, Washington territory. Here 
was an old Hudson Bay Company trad- 
ing post with an Indian school. Thence 
the company went to Fort Lapwai, Idaho, 
through the wilderness, and spent the 
winter. The Nez Perces Indians in this 
section were prosperous and peaceful. In 
the spring the company returned to San 
Francisco and soon afterward was ordered 
to Arizona. They sailed to Wilmington 
harbor and landed in the old town of San 
Pedro, twenty-two miles from Los An- 
geles, which was then a village of adobe 
houses, and spent two weeks preparing 
for the march of three hundred miles in 
July, 1868. The company was stationed 
at Fort Mojave on the Arizona side of the 
Colorado river. The Indians were hostile. 
They had been robbing wagon trains and 
murdering settlers, and in order to pro- 
tect travelers Camp Willow Grove was 
established on the Indian trail, a distance 



of eighty miles from the fort. Here Cap- 
tain Matthews spent the fall and winter 
in this camp. An outpost was established 
April first at Tollgate, halfway between 
Willow Grove and Prescott. At that time 
Richard McCormack was governor of 
Arizona. In April, 1869, Mr. Matthews 
was sent to the outpost in charge of a de- 
tachment carrying provisions. When 
halfway on the return trip, Corporal Mat- 
thews was attacked by a band of Indians, 
who were armed with bows and arrows, 
A mule was killed, a trooper was wound- 
ed, the coffee pot was punctured and 
wagons and saddles bristled with arrows. 
A few volleys from the rifles of the cav- 
alrymen silenced the attack. Corporal 
Matthews gave orders to break camp and 
by a shrewd detour avoided an ambush 
of the Indians at Fort Rock in a canyon 
through which his command had to pass. 
The troops were constantly engaged in 
scouting for Indians. The Apaches in 
this section were constantly marauding 
under Cochise, afterward big chief of the 
tribe. Company E and two other com- 
panies were stationed afterward at Camp 
Toll Gate, and in 1869 and 1870 were 
engaged in protecting settlers and wagon 
trains. One of the regular duties in which 
Corporal Matthews took part was in 
carrying the mail by night from Camp 
Willow Grove to Maharve. In the spring 
of 1870 his regiment exchanged posts 
with the Third Cavalry at Fort Wingate, 
New Mexico. His company was em- 
ployed in protecting the engineers who 
were laying out the route of the Atlantic 
& Pacific Railroad from. Albuquerque on 
the Rio Grande to the "Needles" on the 
er. The most difficult part 
ivas to locate the springs and 
:re camps could be pitch ed- 
ere abandoned, the maps un- 
at times water was discov- 
lick of time. Corporal Mat- 
I charge of detachments seek- 

ing water supplies and was repeatedly 
commended for his persistence in the face 
of danger and suffering. Throughout the 
hazardous service against the crafty In- 
dians, Mr. Matthews continued fortunate 
in escaping wounds and death. Cam- 
paigning under the most difficult and try- 
ing conditions seemed to toughen rather 
than weaken his constitution, which was 
naturally vigorous and robust. The story 
of his Indian campaigns while a cavalry- 
man would make an interesting volume. 
On various occasions he was commended 
for acts of bravery under fire. He took 
part in the capture of two Indian en- 
campments or rancharios in 1868 and the 
story of these attacks alone would fur- 
nish details for a most absorbing narra- 
tive. He was honorably discharged June 
6, 1872, at Fort Wingate, whence he pro- 
ceeded to Santa Fe and thence homeward. 
He came home with Wilbur N. Taylor, 
who enlisted at the same time and rose 
from the rank of corporal to first ser- 
geant in Company K, while Mr. Matthews 
rose from corporal to first sergeant in 
Company E. Sergeant Matthews was 
awarded a Congressional medal of honor 
for acts of bravery in the service. Fol- 
lowing is a copy of an official report of 
William Redwood Price, Brevet Colonel, 
Major, commanding Eighth Cavalry : 

December 15, 1868. Headquarters District of 
Upper Colorado, Camp Majarve, Ariiona Terri- 
tory. On the morning of the tenth, shortly after 
daylight in the vicinity of Walker's Spring in the 
Aquarious Range with fifteen dismounted men on 
a high and rocky mountain, I surprised a ran- 
charia containing about twenty Indians. On the 
thirteenth surprised another rancharia, etc. * * 

* Corporal Matthews of Company E. and—* * 

* were conspicuous for their energy and gal- 
lantry in these fights, although all the men be- 
haved remarkably. 

In a supplement to the report to Colo- 
nel Price, dated July 4, 1869, ten days 
later. Captain S. B. M. Young mentions 


the names of non-commissioned officers 
and privates conspicuous for great brav- 
ery and among them was Corporal Mat- 
thews. The medal of honor was sent 
from Washington, September 21, 1869, by 
the Secretary of War, and was pinned 
upon Captain Matthews breast by Gen- 
eral A. J. Alexander, the post commander, 
at company parade about three months 
later. Among the letters that Captain 
Matthews has preserved is one from Ma- 
jor Price: 

Headquarters Troops Operating 
in South New Mexico, Fort Stanton. 

November 35th, 1873. 
Mr. David A. Matthews; 

My dear Sir : — It gives me pleasure to acknowl- 
edge the receipt of your letter of Aug. 20th and to 
bear testimony of your good conduct and soldier- 
ly bearing when first sergeant of £ Co. 8th Ca- 
valry under my command, in several Indian en- 
gagements while scouting in Arizona particularly 
attracted my attention. Wishing you all success 
possible, I remain, etc. 

With his old commanding officer, Colo- 
nel Young, who was afterward prominent 
in the Spanish War and eventually at the 
head of the United States army, Captain 
Matthews has maintained a friendly cor- 
respondence. Some of the letters of Gen- 
eral Young give interesting anecdotes of 
the Indian campaigns. In a letter dated 
February 17, 1893, General Young wrote: 

I was very much pleased with receipt of your 
letter. I remember well the circumstances you 
mention while on a scout with me, when your 
horse was shot by an Indian, who was armed 
only with bow and arrows. You were eager to 
dispatch him and although I had put a bullet 
through his thigh with my sporting rifle and I 
believe you had put one through his arm with 
your revolver he still had strength to drive an 
arrow into the heart of your horse as you gal- 
loped up to him. My remembrance is that you 
finished him with your revolver while your horse 
which dropped dead held your leg fast tmder his 
body. (Captain Matthews was slightly wounded 
in the leg by an arrow.) We returned to camp in 

the Hassi Yampa Valley that night where we re* 
ceived supplies brought out from Date Credc 
under escort of a detachment commanded by 
Lieutenant Carridc. After shoeing our bare- 
footed animals the next morning we again as- 
cended the plateau to the spot where we killed 
the Indian (Apache) and discovered his charred 
remains, where his people had burned his body. 
We then tried to trail them to the northwest, but 
they had scattered so that it was impossible to do 
so with any hope of success. We killed two or 
three men, but on our homeward march, you re- 
member, I trusted to my compass, ignoring the 
guide as far as choosing my own direction, although 
the guide, Dan O'Leary, was an excellent man to 
have along for consultation and advise and also 
for trailing. Yet when we did not agree as to the 
best route and there was no trail to follow my 
prismatic compass which I always carried was my 
guide and it never failed me and thus it was that 
my early experience and practical engineering as 
assistant to Colonel Hutchinson in the Pennsyl- 
vania Central Railroad proved of great value. 

General Young wrote October 7, 1897 • 

I thank you very much for your congratulations 
and kind wishes on my promotion. It is a grati- 
fication to be assured of the love and respect of 
all good soldiers whom I had the honor to com- 
mand in battle during our great war, 1861-5. 

In a letter from Havana, Cuba, March 
31, 1907, General Young wrote: 

I remember well the incident you relate of the 
Indian stealing a horse from the shed stable of 
your troop and of our long attempt to trail him 
the next night The work we did in Arizona and 
afterward in New Mexico and Texas was a most 
beneficial experience for me and contributed 
largely to my success in the Philippines. The 
little brown men against whom we fought in 
those islands were completely surprised by the 
long night marches and flank movements of my 
cavalry and my infantry scouts. They spent great 
labor in building breastworks and fortifying 
mountain passes and then were astonished and 
demoralized because I didn't send my troops to 
attack them directly in front where they surely 
expected any attack to be delivered. We had 
some hard, rough and uncomfortable work in 
Luzon, but our foes were not so wily as the 
American Indians of Arizona, New Mexico and 
Texas. Yes, I know Dr. Matthews very well and 




liked him too, but did not know until receipt of 
your letter that he was related to you. It is 
always a pleasure to hear of and from my soldiers 
and to learn of their success in life. 

In a letter dated April i6, 1910, General 
Young wrote : 

My Dear Sergeant: — I call you sergeant because 
you were a sergeant and one of the best soldiers 
that ever served in my command. I am always 
glad to hear from you and from all my old com- 
mand. I had a letter to-day from a sergeant who 
served through the Civil War in my regiment of 
volunteers in which he gave me the names of 84 
men who had served in the old 4th Pennsylvania 
Veteran Volunteer Cavalry of which I became 
colonel during the war, many of them being 
familiar names to me. The days of our Indian 
work in Arizona and New Mexico, although as 
you say, were trying times, like you I certainly 
enjoyed them and like you would not exchange 
my experience for anything nowadays. It was 
such experience that brought me success in our 
late war with Spain and I attribute to the open 
air mountain life that we enjoyed in those days 
my good health of to-day at the age of seventy. 
I remember very well the vagaries of that pack 
mule that ran away in the Hassi Yampa Valley. 

Upon returning to Worcester, Captain 
Matthews was appointed to the police 
force by Mayor George F. Verry, Sep- 
tember 3, 1872. At that time the police 
officers were changed with every change 
in the political complexion of the city 
government. In 1873 Captain Matthews 
worked at his trade, but in 1874 was 
again appointed on the police force by 
Mayor Edward L. Davis. In 1879 he 
was appointed a roundsman, and in 1884 
captain, an office he filled with great fidel- 
ity and efficiency for twenty-two years. 
Contrary to his own expectations he was 
appointed chief-of-poHce in 1907 by 
Mayor Duggan. During bis term as 
chief-of-police, he was chairman of the 
license board of the city of Worcester. 
He resigned and retired in 1913. 

The following letter testifies to the 
esteem in which he was held : 

Mr. David A Matthews, 
Chief of Police, 
Worcester, Mass. 
My Dear Chief: — 

Your request for retirement, to take effect 
March ist, has been placed on file in the office of 
the City Clerk, and will be presented to the Board 
of Aldermen, Monday night, February 17th. 

Your letter accompanying this application, stat- 
ing that yoii wish to withdraw from active duty 
in the Police Department March ist, will also be 
referred to the Aldermen. 

In behalf of the inhabitants of Worcester, I 
want to express to you, at this time, appreciation 
of your thirty-nine years' honorable service, and 
to say to you that you deserve a respite from the 
arduous duties of such service. 

The thirty-nine years you have worked to pro- 
tect the people of Worcester have been full of 
honest activity, and I believe I am expressing the 
sentiment of every law-abiding citizen of Worces- 
ter when I say that those thirty-nine years have 
never seen you do a dishonorable act 

I trust that when you retire to private life, you 
will rest under the satisfaction that your career 
has been an honor to your name, both in war and 

Respectfully yours, 

(Signed) Geokge M. Wright, 


During his administration the police 
department was enlarged and vastly im- 
proved in personnel and usefulness. No 
man ever left this office with a greater 
hold on the public confidence and good- 

Captain Matthews is a member of the 
Knights of Columbus, General George H. 
Ward Post, No. 10, Grand Army of the 
Republic; the Medal of Honor Legion, 
and was formerly a member of the Wor- 
cester County Mechanic Association, the 
Worcester Society of Antiquity, the Eco- 
nomic Club, the Board of Trade, the 
Police Chiefs' Union of Massachusetts, 
of which he was president two years and 
of which he is now an honorary member. 
In politics he was a Republican until 
1912, when he supported the Progressive 
party, and in 1913 he was the Progressive 



candidate for alderman-at-large, receiving WARD, Roy Joslyn, 
a flattering vote. He spoke during the 
campaign in favor of commission form of 
government for Worcester and when a 
modem charter is adopted in Worcester 
will be given credit for his share in the 
work of municipal reform. He is a com- 
municant of St. Paul's Roman Catholic 

He married, November i6, 1872, Mary 
A. Sweeney, of Worcester. Children: i. 
Marietta, graduate of the Classical High 
School, class of 1891, then to Worcester 
Normal School with the thirty-fourth 
class, member of the Aletheia Club, of 
which she was an officer; now recording 
secretary of Levana Club, and of the Alli- 
ance Francaise; for a number of years 
she has been a teacher in the Abbott 
street school ; also interested in amateur 
theatricals; she is well-known as a 
soprano soloist, having studied under the 
private tutorship of Ivan Morawski, 
Henry M. Aiken and Richard Blackmore, 
Jr., and is engaged in concert work. 2. 
George Raymond, graduated at the Eng- 
lish High School in 1894, took a year of 
graduate work at the Classical High 
School, entered the Worcester Polytech- 
nic Institute, but left during his sopho- 
more year; studied the violin under 
Kneisel and Kraft of the Boston Sym- 
phony Orchestra; he was employed in 
the office of Washburn & Moen in 1898 
and for five years in the Worcester County 
Institution for Savings ; afterward he was 
musical director of the comic operas "The 
Isle of Spice" and "Peggy from Paris;" 
from 1903 to 191 3 he was secretary of his 
father; 1913-14 in the secret service of 
the Department of Justice at New York, 
Detroit and New Orleans ; married Doro- 
thy Bates, an actress. Captain and Mrs. 
Matthews and their daughter reside at 
No. 6 Crown street, Worcester. 

Promineat FkysioiMi* 

Among the seven hundred and ten dis- 
tinguished persons who accompanied 
William the Conqueror from Normandy 
to the conquest of England in 1066, whose 
names are preserved, is "Ward, one of 
the noble captains." This is the earliest 
period in which the name is found in 
English history. The first of the family 
to assume an additional name, so far as 
we know, was William de la Ward, who 
resided in Chester, England, in 1175. The 
Wards of Yorkshire spread gradually 
over the adjoining counties and the simi- 
larity of their arms indicates a common 
origin, probably in Yorkshire. The arms 
are : Azure, a cross baton, or. Crest : A 
wolfs head, erased. 

(I) William Ward was born in 1603, in 
England, probably in Yorkshire. He came 
to New England before 1639, when he 
was living in Sudbury, Massachusetts. 
He was admitted a freeman. May 10, 
1643 ; was a deputy to the General Court 
in 1644, and was for a number of years 
chairman of the Board of Selectmen in 
Sudbury, and commissioner to end small 
causes, appointed by the General Court. 
He and eight others were the original 
petitioners for the grant of land on which 
Marlborough was founded. As originally 
laid out the town included not only the 
present city of Marlborough, but West- 
borough, Southborough and NoTthbor- 
ough. Ward moved to Marlborough in 
1660, the year that the town was incorpo- 
rated. He deposed October 4, 1664, that 
he was sixty-one years old. He had a 
fifty-acre house lot on the south side of 
the road nearly opposite the meeting 
house, and was elected deacon of the 
church. His lands finally extended west- 
ward to what is called Belcher's pond, 
near which was built the tavern of his 



son-in-law, Abraham Williams, who mar- 
ried his eldest daughter. During King 
Philip's War he suffered with the other 
early settlers great privations and loss, 
his son was slain and his buildings burnt 
and cattle killed. He died August lo, 
1687, ^^^ h^s ^ill ^^3 dated April 6, 1686. 
He bequeathed to his wife, Elizabeth; 
to children, John and Increase; to the 
children of his sons, Richard and Eleazer, 
deceased; to his son-in-law, Abraham 
Williams ; to all his children by his two 
wives. His widow died December 9, 
1700, in her eighty-seventh year. Chil- 
dren: John, bom about 1626; Joanna, 
1628; Obadiah, 1632; Richard, 1635; 
Deborah, 1637; Hannah, 1639; William, 
January 22, 1640, died young; Samuel, 
September 24, 1641 ; Elizabeth, April 14, 
1643; Increase, February 22, 1644; Hope- 
still, February 24, 1646; William men- 
tioned below ; Eleazer, 1657 ; Bethia, 1658. 

(II) William (2) Ward, son of Wil- 
Ham (i) and his second wife, Elizabeth 
Ward, was born at Sudbury, Massachu- 
setts, and died at Marlboro, Novem- 
ber 25, 1697. He removed to Marlboro 
with his father in 1660 and resided there 
all his remaining years. He married at 
Marlboro, September 4, 1679, Hannah, 
born April 27, 1656, died December 8, 
1720, widow of Gershom Ames and 
daughter of Solomon and Hannah John- 
son, of Sudbury. Children: i. William, 
mentioned below. 2. Bethiah, married El- 
nathan Brigham. 3. Nahum, married 
Martha How. 4. Elisha, killed or taken 
captive by the Indians at Worcester, Au- 
gust, 1709, while riding post from Marl- 
boro to Hadley. His mother, by her will 
made 1714, provided: "If Elisha shall 
ever come again my executor shall pay 
him twenty shilling also." He did not 
come again. 5. Bathsheba, died young. 
6. Gershom, died unmarried. 

(III) Colonel William (3) Ward, eldest 

child of William (2) and Hannah (John- 
son-Ames) Ward, was bom March 27, 
1681, at Marlboro, and died January g, 
1767. He was a noted surveyor and often 
employed by the proprietors of new town- 
ships to survey their house lots and di- 
visions of the common lands. In this way 
he became a proprietor of many of the 
new towns and an extensive landowner. 
He was a magistrate in early life and 
much employed in public business. He 
petitioned the General Court for a gprant 
of land for losses in the Narragansett 
War, sustained by the father of his wife, 
and eventually became possessed of one 
thousand acres of land in Charlemcmt, 
originally granted to the town of Boston ; 
his children inherited it and in that town 
and vicinity his descendants were numer- 
ous. He was a member of the artillery 
company and rose through several grades 
to the rank of colonel of militia. He mar- 
ried (first) Jane Cleveland, of Boston, 
and resided at Southboro, where she died 
April 12, 1745. He married (second) at 
Westboro, 1758, Sarah Smith. Children, 
all by first marriage : Hezekiah, men- 
tioned below ; Jonathan, died unmarried ; 
Bathsheba, marri<*d Hezekiah Wood; 
Hepzibah, born December 30, 1708 ; Eli- 
sha, married Ruth Rice; William, mar- 
ried Martha Burnap; Hannah, married 
Ephraim Ward (second wife) ; Jane, died 
young; Abigail, born April 17, 1721; 
Charles, October 27, 1722, died in the 
army before Louisburg, Canada, 1745, in 
his twenty-fourth year; Submit, died in 

(IV) Hezekiah Ward, eldest child of 
Colonel William (3) and Jane (Cleve- 
land) Ward, was bom June 28, 1703, in 
Marlboro, and died March 6, 1774, in 
Grafton, Massachusetts. He resided in 
Southboro, Westboro, Upton and Graf- 
ton, and is described in the records after 
1750 as Lieutenant Hezekiah Ward. He 




married (first) November 26, 1724, in 
Marlboro, Abigail Perry, bom May 11, 
1709, in that town, daughter of John and 
Sarah (Ingoldsby) Perry, of that town, 
died March 30, 1735, recorded in South- 
boro. He married (second) October 13, 
1737, Sarah Green, who died March 9, 
1753, in Grafton. He married (third) 
April 7, 1768, in Leicester, Martha (New- 
ton) Earle, a widow, of that town. Part 
of the children are recorded in Southboro 
and some of them in Westboro. They 
were : Hezekiah, mentioned below ; Jona- 
than, bom February 3, 1728; Fanny, 
March 11, 1729; Abigail, July 23, 1730; 
Timothy, March 12, 1732; Elizabeth, 
April 18, 1733 ; William, March 26, 1734. 
Children of second marriage : Sarah, bom 
October 7, 1738; Jane, February 16, 1740; 
Gershom, February i, 1742; Nahum, 
March 26, 1744; Hepsibeth, September 
17, 1747; Bathsheba, May 31, 1750; Mary, 
March 9, died March 11, 1753. 

(V) Hezekiah (2) Ward, eldest child 
of Hezekiah (i) and Abigail (Perry) 
Ward, was bom October 6, 1725, in 
Southboro, and lived in Grafton and 
Leicester, in which latter town he was 
several years a magistrate. He died in 
Paxton, Massachusetts, May 11, 1802. He 
married, June 7, 1749, in Southboro, Han- 
nah Bellows, born May 16, 1727, in that 
town, daughter of Eleazer and Sarah Bel- 
lows. Children, first six born in Grafton, 
the others in Leicester: Abigail, bom 
April 8, 1750; Karley, February 17, 1752; 
Martha, June 14, 1754; Elisha, January 7, 
1757; Calvin, July 7, 1759; Luther, No- 
vember 10, 1761 ; Jonathan, April 8, 1763; 
Maria, June 22, 1765 ; Hannah, March 29, 
1769 ; Hezekiah, mentioned below. 

(VI) Hezekiah (3) Ward, youngest 
child of Hezekiah (2) and Hannah (Bel- 
lows) Ward, was bom July 7, 1771, in 
Leicester, resided in various towns in 
Vermont, including Shelbume, Water- 


bury, Burlington, Duxbury, Berlin and 
Richmond. He removed to Vermont 
about 1794, and died in Duxbury, that 
State, September 28, 1849. He married 
(first) in 1794, Jemima Johnson, of Cole- 
rain, Massachusetts, who died January 14, 
1812, in Burlington, Vermont. Before 
the close of that year he married (second) 
a widow, Ruth Stockwell, of Duxbury. 
He married (third) December 24, 1829, 
Elizabeth Eastman, of Starksboro, Ver- 
mont. Children: Melinda, bom June 6, 
1795; Dency, April 18, 1798; Earl, men- 
tioned below; Oren, January 28, 1803, 
died young; Fanny, August 28, 1804; 
Hezekiah, October 7, 1806 ; Jemima, June 
15, 1808; Elvira, March 24, 1810; Char- 
lotte, August, 1813; Oren, 1816; Edwin 
R., July 5, 1834; TertuUus, November 29, 
1835 ; Zalucus, June 8, 1838. 

(VII) Earl Ward, eldest son of Heze- 
kiah (3) and Jemima (Johnson) Ward, 
was born August 28, 1800. and lived in 
Duxbury, Vermont. There he married, 
March 12, 1828, Elizabeth Munson, bom 
there July 9, 181 1, died May 11, 1862, a 
member of the Congregational church, 
daughter of Reuben and Mary (Miller) - 
Munson, of Duxbury (see Munson VII). 
Children: i. William C, born June 3, 
1829. 2. Emily Elizabeth, born Septem- 
ber 29, 1 83 1, married Joseph Parker, and 
lived at Quechee, Vermont. 3. Dency, 
bom July 17, 1834, married Alonzo 
Gates, and has four children: O. H. 
Gates, librarian of Andover Theological 
Seminary at Cambridge; Flora, married 
the Rev. Gilbert, of Dorset, Vermont; 
Bertha, died at St Johnsbury, Vermont ; 
Carl M. Gates, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church at Wellesley Hills. 4. Earl 
J., born October 9, 1837, married (first) 
Julia Bachelder, (second) Helen Sabin, 
(third) Mrs. Mary Rollins. 5. Chester 
Wright, mentioned below. 6. Hiram O.9 
bom January 10, 1842. 


(VIII) Chester Wright Ward, third 
son of Earl and Elizabeth (Munson) 
Ward, was born September g, 1839, in 
Duxbury, and died May 26, 1886. He 
married, February 5, 1868, Amelia Ann 
Joslyn, born October, 1844, daughter of 

Stephen Perry and (Pitkin) Joslyn. 

Children : Emma Lena, bom October 18, 
1869; Carl Chester, October 6, 1871, mar- 
ried Bessie F. Downing, one child, Earl 
Chester, born August 14, 191 5 ; Roy Jos- 
lyn, mentioned below. 

(IX) Dr. Roy Joslyn Ward, son of 
Chester Wright and Amelia Ann (Joslyn) 
Ward, was born August 10, 1875, in John- 
son, Vermont, where he spent his boy- 
hood and attended the public schools. 
He prepared for college at St Johnsbury 
Academy, St. Johnsbury, Vermont, and 
entered Dartmouth, from which he was 
graduated in 1897 with degree of A. B. 
He immediately entered the medical de- 
partment of the same institution, from 
which he received the degree of M. D. in 
1900. For three years following he was 
located in practice at East Barrington, 
New Hampshire, after which he pursued 
a post-graduate course in the hospitals of 
New York City. In May, 1904, he located 
at Worcester, where he has since been 
engaged in general practice, and has 
achieved a notable success. Dr. Ward is 
especially prominent in Worcester for 
creating the interest in clean milk stations 
so helpful to the children of the poorer 
classes, also in the organization of the 
Medical Milk Commission of Worcester, 
of which organization he has been secre- 
tary. He is on the staff of the Worcester 
City Memorial Hospital, and Isolation 
Department of Belmont Hospital; is 
medical inspector of schools under direc- 
tion of the Board of Health; and for 
two years, 1910 and 191 1, he was secre- 
tary of the Worcester District Medical 
Society. He is a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Medical Society, the American 

Medical Association, and of several clubs^ 
including the Worcester Country Club 
and the Economic Club. Both he and his 
wife are active members of the old South 
Congregational Church of Worcester. Dr. 
Ward married, at Hanover, New Hamp- 
shire, October 23, 1900, Mary A. Down- 
ing, daughter of Lucien Bliss and Martha 
(Taylor) Downing, of that town. Mrs. 
Ward was educated in the public and 
high schools, Kimball Union Academy, 
graduated in class of 1895, and taught 
school at Hanover, New Hampshire, for 
five years. Dr. and Mrs. Ward have had 
three children: Chester Wright, bom 
June 4, 1903, died April 22, 1905; Carl- 
ton Joslyn, born April 4, 1910 ; and Arthur 
Downing, October 18, 1912. 

(The Munaon Line). 

(I) Thomas Munson, was bom about 
1612, in England, and first appears in this 
country in 1637 as a resident of Hartford, 
who performed military service in the 
Pequot War, 1637. From that time he 
has a long and honorable record for civil 
and military service in the colonies of 
Hartford and New Haven. As a reward 
for his services in the Pequot War he, 
with other soldiers, was allotted a large 
tract of land from the Soldiers' Field 
which had been set aside by the town for 
that purpose. This grant, which was one 
hundred acres, was not confirmed by the 
General Court until May 13, 1673. His 
house-lot, comprising two and one-half 
acres, stood on the east side of the present 
High street, opposite the head of Walnut. 
There was a house on this ground in 
February, 1641, which he had doubtless 
built himself. Previous to this date he 
had sold the place, and is mentioned in 
the records as having sold his allotment 
in the Soldiers' Field and as forfeiting 
other land on the east and west sides of 
the Connecticut river by removal. Before 
February, 1640, he had removed with 




other settlers to the neighboring settle- 
ment of Quinnipiac. June 4, 1639, "A 
Fundamental Agreement" was signed by 
sixty-three persons who had invested in 
the common property of the new town, 
providing that church members only 
should be free burgesses and have the 
elective franchise. Thomas Munson, as a 
prospective planter, was the sixth to sign 
the agreement. April 3, 1640, his name 
appeared on the records at a "Court" held 
on that date. June 11, of the same year, 
he was made freeman. He was a member 
of the First Church as early as 1640 and 
had land granted him in the same year. 
In 1642 he was chosen sergeant of the 
train band, which title he held for nine- 
teen years. In 1644 his name appears on 
a list of one hundred and eighty-two in- 
habitants who took the oath of fidelity. 
During the next ten years his name ap- 
pears frequently on the records, from 
which it is evident that he served the 
town in various capacities. He was 
placed on committees to treat with the 
Indians, to appraise estates, and being a 
carpenter by trade, was given numerous 
building contracts. In 1655 he became 
the leader in the movement of some of 
the townsmen, begun in 165 1, to found 
a new commonwealth at Delaware Bay, 
but after several years' agitation the affair 
was given up, and he remained in New 
Haven. In 1657 he was chosen select- 
man ; in 1659, when a colony school was 
started in New Haven, he was on a com- 
mittee of four who were appointed to 
provide a house for the schoolmaster and 
a schoolhouse. April 29, 1661, he was 
made ensign ; June 6, 1662, he was one of 
the deputies for the Town Court, and 
May 27th a deputy for the General Court. 
After the union of New Haven colony 
with that of Hartford (1665) he was 
chosen deputy for the General Assembly 
in Hartford, also in 1666 and 1669, and 
for every succeeding year up to 1683. In 

1664 he was made lieutenant of the mili- 
tary company, and August 7, 1673, he was 
one of a committee of six called the Grand 
Committee, appointed by the General 
Assembly for the defense and safety of 
the colony against the Dutch. During 
King Philip's War, 1676, he saw active 
service, and September 19, 1675, was in 
command of the New Haven forces which 
marched to Northfield; December 20, of 
the same year he was made first commis- 
sary ; February 25, 1676, he was appointed 
captain, and May 15, when it was decided 
by the court of elections that a standing 
army should be raised, he was chosen 
captain for New Haven county. In 1678- 
79-80-81-82-83 he was selectman, or 
townsman, besides serving the town in 
various minor capacities. He died May 
7, 1685, 2tnd was buried on The Green; 
his monument may still be seen in the 
Grove street burial ground. His wife, 
Joanna, bom about 1610, died December 
13, 1678. Children: Elizabeth; Samuel, 
mentioned below ; Hannah, baptized June 
II, 1648. 

(II) Samuel Munson, only son of 
Thomas and Joanna Munson, was bap- 
tized August 7, 1643, and died between 
January 10 and March 2, 1693. He was 
made a freeman of New Haven in 1667, 
and in 1670 was one of the founders of 
the new plantation of Wallingford, Con- 
necticut. He signed the agreement rela- 
tive to the founding of the same, and was 
assigned one of the original houselots in 
the new town, besides a river or farm lot. 
April 6, 1671, he was present at the first 
town meeting, and April 29, 1673, also in 
1674, was chosen selectman. June 17, 

1674, he was made drummer ; October 19, 

1675, during King Philip's War, he was 
chosen ensign by the court at Hartford, 
and November 25 colony agent. In 1679 
he was chosen the first schoolmaster of 
Wallingford, and in 1684 was made rector 
of Hopkins Grammar School. In the 



years 1676-80 he was auditor, and in 1677- and served as surveyor of highways the 

78-80-81-92 he was lister. In 1680-81 he 
was again selectman, and in 1692 con- 
stable. The administration of his estate 
was given to his widow, Martha, and his 
son John. He married, October 26, 1665, 
Martha, daughter of William and Alice 
(Pritchard) Bradley. After his death she 
married (second) 1694, Eliasaph Preston, 
born 1643, died 1707, schoolmaster, second 
town clerk, and deacon of Wallingford. 
She married (third) Matthew Sherman. 
Children of Samuel Munson: Martha, 
bom May 6, 1667; Samuel, February 28, 
1669; Thomas, March 12, 1671; John, 
January 28, 1673 1 Theophilus, September 
10, 1675 ; Joseph, November i, 1677 ; Ste- 
phen, December 5, 1679; Caleb, men- 
tioned below; Joshua, February 7, 1685; 
Israel, March 6, 1687. 

(III) Caleb Munson, fifth son of Samuel 
and Martha (Bradley) Munson, was born 
November 19, 1682, and settled in Wal- 
lingford, where he died August 23, 1765. 
He was a weaver and farmer, and resided 
southeast of the village by "Cook's Rock." 
His name appears in many land trans- 
actions in that town, and he was among 
its prosperous and substantial citizens. 
He married (first) March 26, 1706, Eliza- 
beth Hermon, of Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, who died February 11, 1740. He 
married (second) January 10, 1741, Han- 
nah Porter. Children: Keziah, bom Janu- 
ary 13, 1707; Caleb, August 19, 1709; 
Joshua, January 30, 1712; Moses, men- 
tioned below; Elizabeth, March 31, 1717; 
Miriam, April 22, 1720. 

(IV) Moses Munson, fourth son of 
Caleb and Elizabeth (Hermon) Munson, 
was born about 1715, in Wallingford, and 
resided on Muddy river, near his father, 
three miles from the village of Walling- 
ford. He was a shoemaker and farmer, 
received twenty acres from his father, 
and purchased several other parcels. He 
was made a freeman, September 15, 1747, 

following year. He probably died in the 
Port Royal Expedition. The inventory 
of his estate amounted to 1,688 pounds, 6 
shillings and 6 pence. He married, July 
18, 1739, Phebe, daughter of Moses Merri- 
man, bom March 27, 1720, in Walling- 
ford. Children: John, born August 2, 
1740; Thomas Ensign, April 3, 1742; 
Margaret, April 12, 1744; Caleb, men- 
tioned below; Hannah, May 17, 1748; 
Moses, August 13, 1750. 

(V) Caleb (2) Munson, third son of 
Moses and Phebe (Merriman) Munson, 
was bom May 22, 1746, in Wallingford, 
and resided successively in Branford, Go- 
shen and Torrington, Connecticut. From 
his father's estate he received about one 
hundred and fifty pounds, and purchased 
land in Goshen, Connecticut, where he 
was a weaver and farmer. He served as 
a soldier of the Revolution, and was 
under General St. Clair, and was present 
at Ticonderoga in 1777. He continued in 
the service until after the surrender of 
Burgoyne, when he retumed home. He 
again enlisted in 1778, and was made a 
prisoner by the Hessians, who evidently 
held him for some time. He returned to 
his home in Goshen in 1781. After the 
war he removed to Torrington, Connecti- 
cut, where he purchased land. He after- 
ward purchased a share in the town of 
Waterbury, .Vermont, whither he re- 
moved, arriving March 31, 1788, and set- 
tled on the east side of the Onion river. 
In 1800 he removed to Canada, where h« 
died December i, 1802. He married, 
March 19, 1767, Mary Lee, born January 
13, 1747, in Goshen, died March 29, 1835, 
in Williston, Vermont. Children, all born 
in Goshen: Seth, February 18, 1768; 
John, November 23, 1769; Jesse, January 
26, 1772; Caleb, June 5, 1775; Loammi 
Ruhami, May 17, 1777; Reuben, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Reuben Munson, youngest child 



of Caleb (2) and Mary (Lee) Munson, 
was bom July 3, 1781, in Goshen, and set- 
tled in South Ehixbury, Vermont, where 
he was many years engaged in farming. 
He cleared up new ground, and delevoped 
a fine farm. A man of large and powerful 
frame, he impaired his health by hard 
labor, and finally sold his farm and built 
a shop on a waterpower in Duxbury, 
where he made wagons, sleighs and 
pumps, and sawed lumber, and otherwise 
served his fellow citizens. In old age he 
went to live with his son, Bethuel M., in 
Stowe, Vermont, and died at Morrisville, 
same State, April 4, 1871. In late life he 
grew very corpulent, and weighed over 
three hundred pounds. In politics he was 
formerly a Whig, later an Anti-Mason, a 
Free Soiler and finally a Republican. 
With his wife he united with the Con- 
gregational church in each town where 
they lived. He was called out during the 
War of 1812 for service at Plattsburg. 
This summons came in the night, but in 
twenty minutes he was prepared and on 
his way. However the battle was over 
before he reached the scene of hostilities. 
He married, April 26, 1807, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Bethuel Miller, born September 19, 
1787, in Marlow, New Hampshire, died 
April 4, 1871. Children: Almira, born 
June 15, 1808; Elizabeth, mentioned be- 
low; Bethuel Miller, August 19, 1815; 
Reuben Lee, October 27, 1819. 

(VII) Elizabeth Munson, eldest daugh- 
ter of Reuben and Mary (Miller) Mun- 
son, was born July 9, 181 1, in Duxbury, 
and became the wife of Earl Ward, of 
that town (see Ward VII). 

PERRY, Frank Goddard, 

Though it is said by some that the 
Perry family were settled in the southern 
half of England, chiefly in Somersetshire, 
Cornwall, Gloucester and Essex counties. 

it is thought by some that they are of 
Welsh origin. The Hon. Amos Perry, of 
the Rhode Island Historical Society, and 
for many years its librarian, was strongly 
inclined to this opinion. Among Welsh 
surnames appears Ap Harry (or the son 
of Harry) which later became Parry, and 
was soon corrupted to Perry. On early 
records in England and America the 
name was written Pury, Pary, Perrie and 
Parrie, but Perry has since been univer- 
sally adopted. Arms of the Perry family : 
Azure, a fesse embattled between three 
pears, or. Crest: An arm armed and 
erect proper, issuing out of the top of a 
tower gules, holding in the hand a dagger 
sable. Among the immigrants bearing 
the name may be mentioned ; John Perry, 
a native of England, was made a freeman 
at Boston, March 4, 1633, and settled in 
Roxbury; William Perry, of Scituate, 
Massachusetts, took the oath of allegi- 
ance, February i, 1638; John Perry, who 
was in Taunton as early as 1643, ^^^^ ^ 
proprietor of Marshfield in 1645 ; George 
Perry, who was a proprietor of Marsh- 
field, Massachusetts, in 1645. 

(I) Rev. John Perry was a citizen of 
Famborough, England, a "clarke" (clerk) 
by occupation, rector of the parish of 
Farnham, according to Professor Perry, 
of Williams College, who has investi- 
gated the history of the family. Rev. 
John Perry died in 1621, and the inven- 
tory of his estate in the consistory court 
at Winchester is dated August 23, 1621. 
His widow, Judith, was appointed admin- 
istratrix. May 3, 1622. The name of his 
son John is obtained from the records of 
the Clothiers' Guild of London. Another 
son, William, born in 1606, a tailor by 
trade, settled in Watertown, Massachu- 
setts, before 1642; died September 9, 
1683, leaving wife and six children. 

(II) John (2) Perry, son of Rev. John 
(i) Perry, was born 1613, at Fambor- 
ough, and began serving an apprentice- 



ship shortly after his father's death in the 
Clothiers' Guild of London, and seems to 
have been a weaver all his life. He be- 
came a freeman of the city of London, 
and after the great fire there in 1666 came 
to Watertown, Massachusetts, with his 
wife and three children, John, Josiah and 
Elizabeth, and was still living there in 
1674. He married Joanna, daughter of 
Joseph Holland, who was also a weaver 
of London, of St. Sepulcher's parish, near 
Newgate. She died in Watertown in 
1667. Her brother, Nathaniel Holland, 
was an early resident of Watertown, 
Massachusetts. She was mentioned in 
the will of Joseph Holland, her father, in 
1659, as the daughter of his first wife. 
In this will Nathaniel Holland, of Water- 
town, New England, his son, was men- 
tioned. John Holland, the pioneer &t 
Watertown, had a son, Nathaniel. 

(Ill) John (3) Perry, apparently eldest 
child of John (2) and Joanna (Holland) 
Perry, was born 1644, in London, and 
came with his father to America when 
r twenty-two years old. He was also a 
weaver and lived in Watertown, Brook- 
field, and again in Wiatertown, where he 
died in 1724. In 1701 and 1710 he re- 
ceived grants of land in Brookfield, and 
resided several years near Perry's pond, 
which was named for him. He married, 
in Watertown, December 13, 1667, Sarah, 
daughter of John and Sarah (Cassell) 
Clary, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, bom 
there October 4, 1647, and died at the 
home of her son, John Perry, in Lexing- 
ton, October 11, 1730. A chest brought 
from England by her, bearing her initials 
and the date 1625 burned into the wood, 
is owned by a descendant, Mrs. Isaac Hil- 
dreth, now residing in Worcester. John 
(3) Perry's widow, in 1726, made a will 
giving her property to Thomas Grover, 
in consideration of his caring for her dur- 
ing her last years. John (3) and Sarah 
(Clary) Perry had children: John, bom 

October i, 1668, died December 13, same 
year; John, mentioned belovj;; Joanna, 
November 8, 1672; Sarah, 1675, died 
young; Elizabeth, November 2, 1681, 
married Thomas Grover ; Josiah, Novem- 
ber 28, 1684, progenitor of a large family 
in Worcester; Joseph, January 17, 1691, 
of Brookfield; Sarah, April 30, 1694. 

(IV) John (4) Perry, second son of 
John (3) and Sarah (Clary) Perry, was 
bom March 3, 1670, in Watertown, and 
lived in that town and in Cambridge. He 
married, July 19, 1693, Sarah Price, born 
September 27, 1667, daughter of William 
and Mary (Marblehead) Price, of Water- 
town. Children : John, mentioned below ; 
Mary, married Edward Manning; Sarah; 
Abigail; Elizabeth; Ebenezer; Mercy, 
married David Gleason; and James, of 
Charlestown, who married Lydia Tufts. 

(V) John (5) Perry, eldest child of 
John (4) and Sarah (Price) Perry, was 
bom March 2, 1696, and lived in Lexing- 
ton, Massachusetts. He married, in Med- 
ford, October 12, 1719, Deborah Wilson, 
bom October 12, 1700, in Cambridge, 
daughter of Andrew and Hannah Wilson. 
She was admitted to the church in Lex- 
ington, June 29, 1735. Children: John, 
born December 19, 1720; Thomas, men- 
tioned below; Joseph, October 3, 1724; 
Milicent, May 10, 1726; Ebenezer and 
Jonathan (twins), July 17, 1728; Thad- 
deus, December 26, 1730; Deborah, bap- 
tized March 4, 1733 ; Abigail, August 10, 
1735 ; James, June 30, 1739. 

(VI) Thomas Perry, second son of 
John (5) and Deborah (Wilson) Perry, 
was born December 19, 1722, in Lexing- 
ton, and lived in that town, and later at 
Bedford, Massachusetts, whence he re- 
moved in 1770 to Royalston, same State, 
where he died January 9, 1810. He was 
a soldier from Lexington in the French 
and Indian War, 1756 and 1759. His 
wife, Abigail, bom 1730, died May 30, 
1806. Children: Lucy, bom September 



25, 1750, married Thomas Harrington; 
John, Thomas and Asa, died in child- 
hood; Micah, mentioned below; Thad- 
deus, April 13, 1761, lived in Royalston; 
Benjamin, December 27 ^ 1763 ; Elizabeth, 
September 10, 1766, married Abraham 
Hawkins; Oliver, June 11, 1769; Asa, 
May 25, 1772, in Royalston. 

(VII) Micah Perry, fourth son of 
Thomas and Abigail Perry, was born 
December 3, 1759, in Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts, and was a farmer, residing in 
Royalston until 1786, when he removed 
to Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire. Five 
years later^he removed to Royalston, and 
subsequently removed to Concord, Ver- 
mont, where he engaged in agriculture 
until his death in 1840, in his eighty-first 
year. He was one of the youngest soldiers 
of the Continental army during the Revo- 
lution, enlisting at the age of sixteen 
years, at the same time with his second 
wife's father, Jonathan Woodbury. They 
served at the battle of Bennington » and 
throughout the war, returning to the arts 
of peace as soon as the war was closed. 
His farm in Concord has been in the 
family for more than one hundred and 
twenty-five years. He married (first) in 
Royalston, July 7, 1784, Elizabeth Parker, 
who died in Royalston. He married (sec- 
ond) at Concord, Vermont, Susan, daugh« 
ter of Jonathan Woodbury, who was not 
only a soldier of the Revolution, but also 
fought in the War of 1812. He had a 
family of fourteen daughters. Children 
of Micah Perry, by first wife, recorded 
in Fitzwilliam: Rhoda, born November 
20, 1785; Lucinda, July 22, 1787; Micah, 
March 11, 1789; Elisha, November 25, 
1790; Jonas, 1792; Betsey, February 12, 
1794; Abigail, October 19, 1796; Polly, 
November 25, 1799. Children of second 
marriage: Laura Ann, Jackson Mon- 
roe, Henry Harrison, Harriet Lucinda, 
Charles Dyer, Chester Thayer, George 
Vernon, Susan and Sophia (twins), Cros- 


by Alpheus. The last named is a promi- 
nent physician. 

(VIII) Jackson Monroe Perry, son of 
Micah and Susan (Woodbury) Perry, 
was born March 23, 1820, in Concord, 
Vermont, and died there April 27, 1913. 
He received the common school educa- 
tion and engaged in agriculture, occupy- 
ing the farm originally cleared by his 
father, in Concord. This contained some 
ninety acres, to which he added a like 
amount by purchase, and with the ex- 
ception of one year spent in Athol, Mas- 
sachusetts, resided all his life in Concord, 
a successful farmer and exemplary citi- 
zen. He was a Whig in early life, and 
naturally affiliated with the Republican 
party upon its organization. He had no 
desire for public life, but served the town 
as tax collector, as his duty as a citizen 
required. He attended divine worship at 
the Congregational church. He married 
(first) Mary Goddard, of Athol, Massa- 
chusetts, bom October 24, 1828, daughter 
of Eber and Lucinda (Fish) Goddard. 
He married (second) Sarah Gordon, of 
Littleton, New Hampshire, born Novem- 
ber 5, 1848, now living in Littleton, 
daughter of John and Rhoda (Goddard) 
Gordon. Children of second marriage: 
Georgianna, bom September 7, 1865, died 
of diphtheria in 1873, ^s did also William, 
born February 22, 1868 ; Frank Goddard, 
mentioned below ; Jennie Ellis, born De- 
cember 3, 1871, married Lorin A. Ladd; 
Mary Ellen, October 26, 1873, married 
Cadman E. Davis; Charles Monroe, No- 
vember 6, 1874, married Ordella E. Hill ; 
Hattie Emma, November 8, 1875, married 
D. Wilbur Little ; Carrie Maud, February 
28, 1877, deceased; AUie Bell, May 11, 
1878, married Willis Harry Goodell ; Wil- 
liam Burt, July 20, 1879, married Cora 
Whitcomb; Harry Garfield, August 22, 
1881, deceased; Elsie Louise, November 
18, 1882, died January 30, 1914, married 
Andrew Burgess; Katherine Gertrude, 


December 2, 1884, married Merritt Sher- 
man ; Ida Mabel, April 18, 1887, married 
John R. Shea. 

(IX) Frank Goddard Perry, second son 
of Jackson Monroe and Sarah (Gordon) 
Perry, was born February 23, 1869, in 
Concord, Vermont, where he attended 
school until ^1885. His vacations and 
leisure time were employed in the labors 
of the home farm and in a saw mill. In 
1890 he removed to Fitchburg, Massa- 
chusetts, where he has resided to the 
present time, and is one of the able and 
enterprising business men of that city. 
When he first arrived in Fitchburg he 
was employed by the wholesale grocery 
firm of C. A. Cross & Company, and sub- 
sequently entered the service of the 
Fitchburg & Leominster Railway Com- 
pany as conductor. After a short period 
he took employment with the Webber & 
Haywood Furniture Company, where he 
remained four and one-half years, and 
was afterward employed by the Ferdi- 
nand Furniture Company for a period of 
three and one-half years. In 1899, in 
association with a partner, he engaged in 
the furniture business on his own account 
in Fitchburg, the name of the firm being 
Smiley & Perry, and this partnership con- 
tinued to September 4, 1900, when he 
purchased his partner's interests, since 
which time Mr. Perry has conducted the 
business alone. In addition to furniture, 
he carries a large stock of all kinds of 
household goods, and has gained a well- 
merited success. He began business with 
a captial of five hundred dollars, his stock 
now being valued at seventy-five thou- 
sand dollars, and he has one of the most 
complete and best equipped establishments 
of its kind in the old Bay State, occuping 
over sixty-two thousand square feet of 
floor space for the display of his wares. 
He is very actively affiliated with the 
Masonic order, being a member of Charles 
W. Moore Lodge, Free and Accepted 

Masons; Thomas Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Jerusalem Commandery, Knights 
Templar, all of Fitchburg, and Aleppo 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, of Boston. He is also 
a member of the Order of Owls, and a 
member of the advisory board of the 
Universalist church of Fitchburg. In 
politics he affiliates with the Republican 
party. He married, September 5, 1893, 
Ethel Aldrich Stc«ie, of Fitchburg, daugh- 
ter of Fordyce and Alvira (Smith) Stone. 

HOLMES, Martin DeForest, 

Rev. Samuel (2) Holmes, son of Samuel 
(i) Holmes, was born in Bennington, 
Vermont, in 1759 or 1760, and died March 
19. 1813, aged fifty-four years. He mar- 
ried, in 1782, Salena Scott, born at Ben- 
nington, December 25, 1766, died at Cam- 
bridge, Vermont, in September, 1855. He 
was one of the earliest settlers in Cam- 
bridge, Vermont, where he settled about 

1785 on a farm in the eastern part of 
the town. This place is still owned and 
occupied by the family. In the spring of 

1786 his wife went to join him, going by 
foot from West to East Cambridge, then 
a wilderness, finding her way by the aid 
of blazed trees, carrying one child and 
leading the other, until she reached the 
new log house her husband had built at 
the foot of Nursery Hill. Samuel Holmes 
became a Baptist minister and was often 
away from home. On one occasion, dur- 
ing his absence, the house caught fire 
from a defective chimney, but she suc- 
ceeded in subduing the flames by water 
brought from a neighboring spring. On 
another occasion in his absence, she went 
in search of the cows through the woods 
and lost her way, but when she had finally 
given up hope of reaching home, she was 
found by her dog, which guided her home. 
A petition of the inhabitants of Benning- 



ton for preaching services, January 7, 

1784, bears the name of Samuel Holmes. 
Samuel Holmes was a soldier in the 
Revolution from Bennington in Captain 
Joseph Safford's company in 1782. John 
Holmes was in the same company; also 
Benjamin. Samuel Holmes was with 
Benjamin also in Captain Samuel Robin- 
son's company. Colonel Samuel Herrick's 
regiment, October 11, 1780. He was in 
Captain Safford's company in 1781-82, 
Colonel Ebenezer Wallbridge's regiment. 
In 1790 the census shows that he was 
living in Cambridge. Children of Rev. 
Samuel Holmes, of whom the two eldest 
were born at Bennington, the others at 
Cambridge: i. Sally, bom January 12, 
17S3, died March 8, 1858; married Caleb 
Morgan. 2. Abigail, bom January 18, 

1785, died in August, 1864; married Au- 
gustus Young; resided in St. Albans. 3. 
Anna, born December 23, 1786, died No- 
vember I, 1864; married Elijah Brewster. 
4. Theron, born March 14, 1789, died in 
1872; married Priscilla Collins. 5. Levi, 
born February 15, 1791, died May 22, 
1S52; grandson. Alba L. Holmes, living 
in Grand Rapids, Michigan. 6. Emily, 
bom December 22, 1792, died August i, 
1 794- 7. William, bom May 8, 1795, died 
May 26, 1842; married Laura Philips and 
went to New York State. 8. John, bom 
October 23, 1797, died July 22, 1875; 
married Deborah Baker. 9. Martin, born 
February 3, 1800, died January 12, 1802. 

10. Mary, born August 15, 1802, died 
April 9, 1868; married Amasa Thompson. 

11. Child unnamed, born January 28, 
1804, died May 2, 1804. 12. Amanda, 
born April 18, 1806, died 1848; married 
John Wires. 13. Samuel, mentioned be- 

(II) Samuel (2) Holmes, son of Rev. 
Samuel (i) Holmes, was born at Cam- 
bridge, Vermont, June 22, 1813, and died 
at Worcester, Massachusetts, January 31, 
1882. He was a farmer at Cambridge. 

He married (first) March Tfj^ 1837, Lucy 
Wallbridge, who died January 29, 1861, 
aged forty-four (see Wallbridge V). He 
married (second) August 30, 1863, Sybil 
E. Frink, who died June 4, 1868, aged 
forty-two y^ars. He married (third) 
October i, 1869, Sarah C. Ball, a widow. 
Children, bom at Cambridge: i. Helen 
Maria, born February 24, 1839, married, at 
Cambridge, Vermont, November 11, 1857, 
Luke Edwards. 2. Phebe Eliza, born June 
14, 1840, died February 17, 1882 ; married, 
January i, 1863, Wilkinson Field. 3. 
Martin Wallbridge, bom March 23, 1842, 
died August 18, 1842. 4. Araminta Eliza- 
beth, born July i, 1843; married, at Cam- 
bridge, Vermont, December 23, 1865, 
Herbert Smith, removed to Hyde Park, 
Massachusetts. 5. Mary, bom January 

30, 1845 ; married, January 19, 1870, Wil- 
liam Hawes, of Vancouver, Washington, 
who died in Portland, Oregon ; children : 
Maud, married Charles Bradford, five 
children ; Elisa, married Louis Wise, four 
children ; Gertrude, actress, playing with 
stock companies ; Ernest, killed at Wren- 
tham, aged ten years; child died in in- 
fancy. 6. William Robert, born March 

31, 1847, died November 2, 1873; married, 
May 6, 1873, Sophia L. Smith. 7. Joseph- 
ine Amanda, born March 25, 1849; mar- 
ried, November 25, 1875, George Rice, of 
Millbury, no issue. 8. Martin DeForest, 
mentioned below. 9. Marion Evangeline, 
bom March 18, 1853 ; married, December 
4, 1879, Frank P. Sibley, of Worcester; 
no issue. 10. George Wilkinson, born 
February 20, 1855, died January 21, 1873. 
II. Aurelia Joannah, born May 22, 1859, 
died January 15, 1872. 12. Lucy Wall- 
bridge, bom January 28, 1861, married 
(first) Jacob Conselman, and had Henry 
and Francis; married (second) Wallace 
Young, of No. 4 Greendale avenue, Wor- 
cester. Children by second wife: 13. 
Child, born and died in 1864. 14. Bertha 
Jane, born August 2, 1865, dic<^ J^^y 2^9 



1866. 15. Clara B., born June i, 1868; 
married Herbert Pierce; five children; 
lives on Abbott place, Worcester. 16. 
Carrie B., twin of Clara B., died August 
13, 1868. 

(Ill) Martin DeForest Holmes, son of 
Samuel (2) Holmes, was born at Cam- 
bridge, Vermont, May 27, 1851. He at- 
tended the district schools of his native 
town, and worked on the farm during his 
boyhood. At the age of nineteen years, 
he came to Worcester and followed farm- 
ing for a number of years; was in the 
employ of the Walker Ice Company for 
a time, in 1884 entered the employ of 
Braman & Dow, steam fitters and 
plumbers, and learned the trade, and for 
ten years he was employed by O. S. Ken- 
dall & Company, steam fitters, in Wor- 
cester. On April i, 1900, he started in 
business under the name of M. D. Holmes 
& Sons. The firm had a store on Main 
street for a year and then located in the 
present quarters in Salem square opposite 
the Common, Worcester. In 1909 the 
business was incorporated under the 
name of M. D. Holmes & Sons Company. 
Mr. Holmes and his four sons comprise 
the corporation. The Holmes Company 
carries on a general business in metal 
working, plumbing, ventilating and heat- 
ing, and ranks among the most success- 
ful contractors in this line of work in 
Central Massachusetts, employing regu- 
larly some thirty journeymen and utiliz- 
ing about 6,000 square feet of space in 
the place of business. Among the recent 
large contracts of the company may be 
mentioned : Seven of the buildings of the 
Grafton Colony of the State Hospital for 
the Insane; seventeen public school 
houses of Worcester; the Masonic 
Temple; the Massachusetts State Sani- 
tarium; Beavan Hall at Holy Cross 
College. Mr. Holmes is a member of 
Athelstane Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Worcester; of Worcester 


Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Hiram 
Council, Royal and Select Masters; the 
Worcester County Commandery; the 
Massachusetts Consistory; and of Blake 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias. He is also 
a member of the State and National or- 
ganizations of the Master Steam Fitters 
and Plumbers. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. The company is affiliated with the 
Chamber of Commerce. 

He married (first) June 21, 1876, Ida 
Frances Stone, who was born April 9, 
1845, died April 7, 1907, at Worcester, 
daughter of Mrs. Mary (Prouty) Stone, 
of Spencer. He married (second) at 
Tacoma, Washington, August 25, 1909, 
Mrs. Mary (Simmons) Sibley, bom De- 
cember 31, 1853, daughter of Mitchell F. 
and Elizabeth (Kindred) Simmons, of 
Kentucky. Children by first wife: i. 
Bertha Lilla, bom March 24, 1877, died 
June 2T^ 1877. 2. William Henry, men- 
tioned below. 3. Frederick Everett, men- 
tioned below. 4. Ella Gertrude, bom 
January 3, 1882; married, June 18, 1906, 
William Henry Brown; child, William 
Henry Brown, born December 7, 1909, 
died December 11, 1909. 5. Elmer Her- 
bert, mentioned below. 6. Ernest Rus- 
sell, mentioned below. 7. Ida Winnifred, 
bom October 12, 1889; married, Novem- 
ber 14, 191 1, John Stanley Rose, now with 
Graton & Knight Manufacturing Com- 
pany; has one child, Robert Rose, born 
June 20, 1913. 

(IV) William Henry Holmes, son of 
Martin DeForest Holmes, was bom at 
Worcester, June 24, 1878. He was edu- 
cated there in the public schools. He has 
charge of the plumbing department of the 
M. D. Holmes & Sons Company. He is 
a member of the same Masonic bodies to 
which his father belongs; of Central 
Lodge, Odd Fellows; the Knights of 
Pythias ; New England Order of Protec- 
tion. In 1912-13 he was president of the 
Master Plumbers Association of Worces- 


ter. He married, October 20, 1902, Emma 
Franklin Urquhart, who was bom at 
Gloucester, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Charles E. Urquhart. Children: Claudia 
Urquhart, died young; Chester Stanley, 
born October 17, 1904; Leslie Winifred, 
died April 16, 1910; Mildred Frances, 
born January 29, 1908. 

(IV) Frederick Everett Holmes, son 
of Martin De Forest Holmes, was born 
December i, 1879. He attended the public 
schools and prepared for college in the 
English High School. He entered the 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, from 
which he was graduated with the degree 
of Bachelor of Science in 1902. After 
graduating he spent six months in the 
West and for a year and a half was an 
engineer for the Plunger Elevator Com- 
pany of Worcester. He is now in charge 
of the engineering and estimating work 
of the M. D. Holmes & Sons Company. 
He is a member of the same Masonic 
bodies as his father and brothers. He 
married, in 1901, Sarah Ann Taylor, 
daughter of Robert and Jennie (Need- 
ham) Taylor, of Worcester. Children: 
Raymond Taylor, born May 28, 1902; 
Everett, died in infancy. 

(IV) Elmer Herbert Holmes, son of 
Martin DeForest Holmes, was born Janu- 
ary 3, 1882. He was educated in the 
public schools, and for one year was a 
student in the English High School. After 
leaving school he became associated with 
his father in business and since 1909 he 
has been treasurer of the M. D. Holmes 
& Sons Company and has charge of the 
bookkeeping. He is a member of all the 
Masonic bodies, same as his father and 
brothers, also of the Knights of Pythias. 
He married, June 5, 191 2, Elizabeth May 
Speirs, daughter of John F. Speirs, of No. 
12 Orne street, Worcester. They have 
one son, Ralph Herbert, born August 5, 

(IV) Ernest Russell Holmes, son of 

Martin DeForest Holmes, was born De- 
cember 5, 1884. He was educated in 
Worcester, leaving the English High 
School at the end of his junior year to 
learn the photographer's business. After- 
ward he became interested in his father's 
business. He and his brother, Frederick 
E., have charge of the estimating for the 
company. He is a member of all Ma- 
sonic bodies, same as father and broth- 
ers. He is a member of the Central 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and of the Knights of Pythias. He 
married Bertha D. Blackstone. Children : 
Ernest, born June 9, 1908; Leslie Wini- 
fred, born April 12, died April 16, 1910; 
Dorothy Irene, born April 20, 191 1 ; Shir- 
ley, born August 13, 1914. 

(The Scott Line). 

(I) William Scott, the immigrant, came 
to Hadley, Massachusetts, now Hatfield, 
about 1668, and had probably lived for a 
tima at Braintree or vicinity. He mar- 
ried, January 28, 1670, Hannah, daughter 
of Deacon William Allis, of Hatfield, who 
came from England to Watertown, lived 
later at Braintree and Hartford and finally 
at Hatfield; was a deacon, lieutenant of 
cavalry, selectman and justice of the peace. 
He was a soldier at the Falls Fight in 
King Philip's War, May 19, 1676. His 
will, dated February 15, 1716, is among 
the archives of Memorial Hall at Deer- 
field, but was not probated. He left a 
large estate for his day. Children : Josiah, 
born June 18, 1671 ; Richard, mentioned 
below ; William, November 24, 1676 ; Han- 
nah, August II, 1679; Joseph, March 21, 
1682; John, July 6, 1684; Mary, 1686; 
Mehitable, September 9, 1687; Jonathan, 
November i, 1688 ; Abigail, November 23, 

(II) Richard Scott, son of William 
Scott, was born at Hatfield, February 22, 
1673. He removed from Hatfield to Sun- 
derland soon after 171 5, and was one of 



the original settlers there. He died there 
March 31, 1750, and his wife, January 22, 
1769. He married, January 15, 1702, Eliz- 
abeth Belding, a daughter of Stephen and 
Mary (Wells) Belding. She was born at 
Hatfield. Her father was son of Samuel 
Belding, who came from England to 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, thence to Hat- 
field. Her mother was Mary, daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Beardsley) Wells, 
granddaughter of Hugh and Frances 
Wells. Mary Beardsley was a daughter 
of William Beardsley, of Hartford, immi- 
grant. Children: Mary, bom April 29, 
1703; Jonathan, mentioned below; Eliza- 
beth, August II, 1705; Rachel, July 3, 
1710; Experience, October 27, 1713; Lieu- 
tenant Reuben, September 25, 1719; Mc- 
hitable. May 3, 1722; Stephen, October 
16, 1725. 

(III) Jonathan Scott, son of Richard 
Scott, was born at Hatfield, August 11, 
1705. He removed about 1760 to Ben- 
nington, Vermont. He married, June 9, 
1 73 1, Thankful Hitchcock, born October 
I, 1707, in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
daughter of John Hitchcock and grand- 
daughter of Luke Hitchcock, of New 
Haven. Children, born in Sunderland: 
Thankful, January 15, 1732; Mary, De- 
cember 10, 1734; Jonathan, mentioned 
below; Matthew, August 14, 1739; Dan- 
iel, December 3, 1744; Eunice, January 2, 


(IV) Jonathan (2) Scott, son of Jona- 
than (i) Scott, was born at Sunderland, 
January 28, 1737, died November 23, 1784. 
He married Abigail, daughter of Joseph 
and Ann (Bottom) SafFord ; she died Oc- 
tober 16, 1806. She was a granddaughter 
of Thomas Safford, who emigrated from 
England and settled in Ipswich in 1641. 
Children, born in Bennington: Lemuel, 
November 8, 1764 ; Salena, December 25, 
1766, married Rev. Samuel Holmes (see 
Holmes I); Martin, December 22, 1768; 

Levi, December 17, 1770; Melatine, Oc- 
tober 24, 1772; Anna, July 21, 1776; Abi- 
gail, September 3, 1779; Ira, October 18, 

(The Wallbridire Une). 

(I) Henry Wallbridge, the immigrant 
ancestor of this family, was bom in Eng- 
land, and came with his brothers, Wil- 
liam and Stephen Wallbridge, from Dev- 
onshire of Wareham in Dorsetshire after 
the battle of Sedgmoor in which they 
were soldiers, July 5, 1685. They setled 
first at Dedham, Massachusetts, and after- 
ward at Preston, Connecticut. Stephen 
changed his name to Meech. Henry be- 
came an extensive owner of land. His 
will was dated July 23, 1729. He died 
July 25, 1729. He married at Preston, 
December 25, 1688, Anna Amos or Ames, 
daughter of Hugh Amos or Ames, who 
was made a freeman in Boston in 1666 
and went to Norwich as early as 1677, 
buying lands there of the Indians in 1683. 
The will of the widow, Anna Wallbridge, 
was proved June 10, 1741. Children: 
William, bom March 20, 1690; Amos, 
April 9, 1693; Henry and Thomas, of 
whom one was born May 26, 1696 ; Anna, 
March 24, 1702; Ebenezer, May 15, 1705; 
Margaret, September 11, 171 1. 

(II) Henry (2) Wallbridge, son of 
Henry (i) Wallbridge, was born at Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, May 26, 1696, and died 
there August 5, 1727. He married, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1722, Mary Jewett, who was 
born November 22, 1700, daughter of 
Eleazer and Mary Lamb, widow of Ed- 
ward Jewett. Children, born at Norwich : 
Anna, November 5, 1723 ; Eleazer, Febru- 
ary 10, 1725 ; Henry, mentioned below. 

(III) Henry (3) Wallbridge, son of 
Henry (2) Wallbridge, was born January 
23, 1727, at Norwich, and died September 
17, 1807, at Bennington, Vermont. He 
married at Norwich, Connecticut, De- 
cember 25, 1750, Anna, daughter of Dea- 



con Joseph and Ann (Longbottom) Saf- 
ford. She was born at Norwich, Decem- 
ber II, 1730, and died at Bennington, De- 
cember 31, 1817. Henry Wallbridge and 
three children came to Bennington in 
1761 and he was elected selectman in 
1764. He joined the church, August 29, 
1765 ; was constable of the town in 1766; 
tithingman in 1767 ; fence viewer in 1768 
and collector of rates. He opposed the 
jurisdiction of New York over Vermont 
towns and was arrested with others 
for obstructing the survey of the grant 
from New York; in 1781 he was a 
juror. Children, bom at Norwich: Asa, 
April II, 1752, died 1752; Asa, June 8, 
1753; Solomon, mentioned below; Anna, 
October 2, 1756; Silas, June 27, 1758. 
Bom at Bennington : Lucy, February 10, 
1764; Asa, October 12, 1766; Esther, 
July 14, 1768, died unmarried in 1842; 
David, May 25, 1769; Sarah, April 10, 
1772; Mary, 1773. 

(IV) Solomon Wallbridge, son of 
Henry (3) Wallbridge, was bom at Nor- 
wich, January 8, 1755, and died Septem- 
ber 15, 1814, at St. Albans, Vermont. 
Solomon Wallbridge was a soldier in 
the Revolution in Captain Samuel Robin- 
son's company at the battle of Benning- 
ton, August 16, 1777. In 1785 he removed 
to Cambridge, and in 1811-13 he was 
sheriflF of Franklin county, Vermont. He 
was a representative in the Vermont 
Legislature, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1812, 1813. 
He married, February 28, 1777, Mary 
Holmes, bom September 5, 1754, died 
about 1830 at Cambridge, Vermont. She 
was probably a daughter of Samuel 
Holmes. Both Holmes and Wallbridge 
families moved to Cambridge, Vermont, 
from Bennington. Children, bom at Ben- 
nington : Mary, December 22, 1777; John, 
June 21, 1779; Anna, April 10, 1781; 
Martin, December 5, 1782; Henry, June 
24, 1784. Bom at Cambridge: John, 
October 3, 1786; William, September 29, 
MAS8-V01 iv-is 193 

1788; Sarah, December 15, 1791; Almira, 
December 23, 1793; Solomon, May 5, 


(V) Martin Wallbridge, son of Solo- 
mon Wallbridge, was born December 5, 
1782, at Bennington. Late in life he 
moved to New York State and died there. 
He married Phebe Perry, daughter of 
Josiah and Mary Perry, of Dudley, Mas- 
sachusetts. Children, bom at Cambridge : 
Mary, born August 5, 1806; Almira, 
October 26, 1808; Sanford, January 25, 
181 1 ; William Harrison, December 31, 
1813; Lucy, married Samuel Holmes, of 
Cambridge, Vermont (see Holmes II). 

SAWYER, Walter Fairbanks, 

Promiaent PlijBieUii. 

This is one of the surnames which prob- 
ably arose from an occupation, and has 
been honored in America, since its trans- 
portation, by many leading citizens of 
various states. It has figured conspicu- 
ously in the United States Senate, in the 
ministry, in law and in the various call- 
ings pursued by the American people. It 
is ably and numerously represented in 
New England, and has contributed its 
proportion to the progress and develop- 
ment of the nation. It is shown that 
eighteen members of the Sawyer family 
from Lancaster, Massachusetts, alone, 
were in military service at the same time 
during the Revolution ; and one company, 
recruited in that town, was officered from 
captain down by Sawyers. 

(I) Thomas Sawyer, the American an- 
cestor, son of John Sawyer, of Lincoln- 
shire, England, was born about 1626, in 
Lincolnshire, and came to Massachusetts 
in 1636, with two elder brothers, and they 
settled in Rowley in 1639. -^.s early as 
1647, when he was twenty-four years of 
age, he became one of the first six settlers 
of Lancaster, along with the Prescotts, 
Wilders, Houghtons and two other fam- 


ilies. In May, 1653, ^^^ general court, in 
answer to a petition of the inhabitants of 
Lancaster, appointed Edward Breck, Na- 
thaniel Haddock, William Kerley, Thomas 
Sawyer, John Prescott and Ralph Hough- 
ton, "prudential managers," "both to see 
all alotments to be laid out for the plant- 
ers in due proportion to their estates, and 
also to order their prudential affairs." 
During this same year these managers 
allotted a part of the lands of the town. 
All divisions of land subsequent to the 
first, whether upland, intervale, meadow 
or swamp, were to be "accorded to men's 
estates," on the valuation of the taxable 
property which they brought into the set- 
tlement. Thomas Sawyer's property was 
valued at one hundred and ten pounds, 
which was about one forty-second part of 
the property held by the thirty adult male 
inhabitants of the town. Thomas Sawyer 
was made a freeman in 1654. He settled 
near the south branch of the Nashua river, 
and not far from the junction of that 
stream with the North branch. Here he 
built a house which was a garrison, and 
the scene of the most conspicuous events 
in the town's history. In 1704 this garri- 
son with nine men was commanded by 
Thomas (2) Sawyer, and was the place 
of defense of the families in the vicinity, 
in case of an attack by Indians. Thomas 
Sawyer and his family passed through 
some of the most horrible experiences of 
Indian warfare in this home of theirs. 
King Philip's war, which began in 1675, 
raised a storm which broke in great fury 
on Lancaster, August 22, 1675 (o. s.), and 
eight persons were killed in the town that 
day. February 9, 1676, King Philip, with 
fifteen hundred warriors attacked Lan- 
caster, and fifty persons, one-sixth of the 
inhabitants of the town, were captured or 
killed. Among the latter was Ephraim, 
the son of Thomas Sawyer, who was 
killed at Prescott's Garrison, in what is 

now the town of Clinton. The town in- 
cluded fifty families, and they made a 
heroic resistance, but overpowered by 
numbers they could not prevent the 
enemy from destroying a large number 
of their cattle and all but two of the 
houses in the settlement. After having 
been abandoned four years, the resettle- 
ment of the town was undertaken by the 
survivors of the massacre, one of whom 
was Thomas Sawyer. He was a black- 
smith, and after participating in the strug- 
gles and trials of fifty-three years he died 
in Lancaster, at the age of eighty years. 
He was buried in the old burying ground 
on the bank of the Nashua river, and his 
headstone still stands inscribed : "Thomas 
Sawyer, Dcc'd, September 12, 1706." 
Thomas Sawyer married, in 1647, Mary, 
daughter of John and Mary (Platts) Pres- 
cott. John Prescott, blacksmith, was a 
native of Lancaster, England, and the 
first permanent inhabitant of Lancaster. 
He was the progenitor of Colonel Wil- 
liam Prescott, of Bunker Hill fame, and 
of William H. Prescott, the historian. 
The children of Thomas and Mary Saw- 
yer were : Thomas, Ephraim, Mary, Eliz- 
abeth, Joshua, James, Caleb, John and 

(II) Caleb Sawyer, seventh child and 
fifth son of Thomas and Mary (Prescott) 
Sawyer, was born in Lancaster, April 20, 
1659. He outlived all the Harvard pio- 
neers, dying February 13, 1755, aged 
ninety-six years. He received a special 
grant of thirty acres from the Lancaster 
proprietors, as well as lands from his 
father, laid out upon the east side of 
Beare Hill, afterwards included in the 
town of Harvard, and probably built upon 
his lot shortly after the massacre of 1697. 
Near his home was the famous "Rendez- 
vous Tree," often mentioned in old rec- 
ords of land and highways, tantalizing us 
with suggestions of romance, no detail of 



which has been preserved by history or 
tradition. His dwelling is still standing, 
and is occupied as a residence. This house 
was one of the garrisons of the town dur- 
ing the Indian wars, and here he lived 
for more than fifty years, and here he 
died. In the town and church affairs of 
his time he was an active and useful man. 
He divided the home acres several years 
before his death between his sons Jona- 
than and Seth, the latter living with his 
father in the old house, and Jonathan 
building a short distance to the north. 
Caleb Sawyer married, December .28, 
1687, Sarah Houghton, born February 16, 
1661, the daughter of Ralph and Jane 
Houghton, granddaughter of James 
Houghton, thus affecting an alliance be- 
tween two of the most prominent families 
which organized the town of Lancaster. 
She died November 15, 1757, in the nine- 
tieth year of her age. The children of 
this union were: Hepsibah, Abigail, 
Jonathan, John and Seth. 

(III) Jonathan Sawyer, eldest son of 
Caleb and Sarah (Houghton) Sawyer, 
bom about 1689-90, married Elizabeth 
Wheelock, and their children, baptized in 
Lancaster, were: Jonathan, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, October 6, 1717; Caleb, 
July 19, 1720; Lois, 1724, died young; 
Olive, May 2, 1726; Sarah, July 3, 1727; 
Manasseh, June i, 1729; Lois, August 6, 

(IV) Jonathan (2) Sawyer, eldest child 
of Jonathan (i) and Elizabeth (Whee- 
lock) Sawyer, was baptized June 24, 17 16, 
in Lancaster, and died February 21, 1805, 
in Bolton, Massachusetts. He married, 
in Harvard, September 30, 1740, Betty 
Whitney, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Barnard) Whitney, of Bolton. The 
births of three of their children are 
recorded in Bolton. In the time when 
Lancaster was being divided into the 
several towns which now constitute its 

original territory, many items failed to 
be recorded. The children of Jonathan 
Sawyer, born in Bolton, were: John, 
March 31, 1748; Adington, October 14, 
1752; Sarah, June 26, 1758. 

(V) Jonathan (3) Sawyer, undoubted- 
ly a son of Jonathan (2) and Betty 
(Whitney) Sawyer, was born 1750, and 
resided in Harvard until 1782. He was 
one of the minute-men of 1775 in Captain 
Isaac Gates first company. Colonel Asa 
Whitcomb's regiment, which marched 
April 19, 1775, on the Lexington Alarm. 
About 1782 he removed to Hancock, New 
Hampshire, where he died March 14, 
1812. He married Isabella Grimes, born 
1749, died July 14, 1832, presumably of 
the family of that name, which settled in 
Hancock. Children, all bom in that 
town: Jonathan, April 2, 1774; Rhoda, 
August 16, 1776, died 1779; Daniel, Sep- 
tember 10, 1778; Josiah, October 28, 
1780; Nathaniel, January 6, 1783; Abel, 
January 18, 1785; Rhode, May 30, 1787; 
Henry, mentioned below; Polly, April 
28, 1791. 

(VI) Henry Sawyer, sixth son of 
Jonathan (3) and Isabella (Grimes) Saw- 
yer, was born March 6, 1789, in Hancock, 
and died March 20, 1861, in Marlboro, 
New Hampshire. About 1821 he settled 
in Marlow, New Hampshire, whence he 
removed, April i, 1845, to Marlboro, 
where he engaged in farming through the 
remainder of his life. He married, April 
12, 1821, Roxelana Emerson, born Feb- 
ruary 28, 1797, in Richmond, New Hamp- 
shire, died September 24, i860, in Marl- 
boro, daughter of Moses and Abigail 
(Allen) Emerson. Moses Emerson was 
born July 14, 1772, in Haverhill, Massa- 
chusetts, and died February 9, 1854. 
Abigail Allen, born December 5, 1778, 
died September 21, 1845. Henry Saw- 
yer's children : Mary Ann, , born De- 
cember 30, 1821, married John- 



son; Rhoda, March 14, 1823; Caroline, 
October 26, 1824; Adeline, July 6, 1826; 
Harriet, March 3, 1828; Elizabeth, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1830 ; Daniel H., mentioned be- 
low; Wyman, February 3, 1835, now liv- 
ing in Winchenden, Massachusetts. 

(VII) Daniel H. Sawyer, elder son of 
Henry and Roxelana (Emerson) Sawyer, 
was bom January 6, 1832, in Marlow, 
New Hampshire, and died in Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts, February 2, 1909. He 
learned the trade of carpenter, and as a 
young man located in Keene, New Hamp- 
shire, where he continued at his trade, 
carrjring out numerous contracts. Sub- 
sequently, in partnership with Mr. Jo- 
tham A. French, he opened a photo- 
graphic studio, which was conducted 
many years by the firm of French & 
Sawyer. In 1872 a fire destroyed their 
establishment, and following this Mr. 
Sawyer again engaged in building oper- 
ations, and during the next seven years 
he erected numerous structures. In 1879 
he was appointed superintendent of the 
water works in Keene, and held this posi- 
tion ten years, at the end of which period 
he resigned. In company with Mr. D. 
W. Mason, he purchased an insurance 
business, which was continued by the firm 
of Sawyer & Mason until 1902, when the 
former sold out his interest and removed 
to Fitchburg, retiring from active life. 
Though not an aptive politician, Mr, 
Sawyer held settled views regarding the 
conduct of public affairs, and acted with 
the Republican party. While in Keene 
he served as a member of the City Coun- 
cil. Mr. Sawyer was possessed of an 
excellent voice, which he cultivated some- 
what in his youth, and was for several 
years a member of a male quartet in 
Keene. A Unitarian in religious belief, 
he was affiliated with the Masonic frater- 
nity, being a charter member of the Blue 
Lodge and also a member of the chapter. 

He married, June 28, 1865, Sarah Whitte- 
more Fairbanks, born May 8, 1832, in 
Troy, New Hampshire, died October 26, 
1895, daughter of Cyrus and Betsey 
(Jackson) Fairbanks, of that town (see 
Fairbanks VII). Mr. and Mrs. Daniel 
H. Sawyer were the parents of one son, 
mentioned below. 

(VIII) Dr. Walter Fairbanks Sawyer, 
only child of Daniel H. and Sarah Whitte- 
more (Fairbanks) Sawyer, was bom 
February 5, 1868, in Keene, New Hamp- 
shire. He received his early educational 
training in the public schools of that city. 
He was subsequently a student at the 
Holdemess School for Boys, at Holder- 
ness. New Hampshire, Cushing Acad- 
emy, at Ashbumham, Massachusetts, and 
Harvard College. In 1893 he received the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine at Harvard 
Medical School, and for one year follow- 
ing was house pupil at the McLane Hos- 
pital, and for one and one-half years was 
surgical house officer at the Boston City 
Hospital. Dr. Sawyer then located in 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and since that 
time has been actively engaged in the 
practice of his chosen profession. He is 
a member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Massachusetts Medical So- 
ciety, and also of the Harvard Medical 
Alumni Association and the Boston City 
Hospital Alumni Association. He is visit- 
ing surgeon at the Burbank Hospital, of 
Fitchburg. In religious faith he is an 
Episcopalian, being a vestryman of Christ 
Church, of Fitchburg. On June 27, 1900, 
Dr. Sawyer was united in marriage to 
Grace Ethel Mossman, of Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Jerome and 
Helen (Smith) Mossman, and to this 
union have been born two children, name- 
ly: Walter Fairbanks, Jr., bom Decem- 
ber 23, 1902, and Helen Mossman, bora 
November 22, 1907. 



(The FalrlMinkB line). 

Nearly all persons in the United States 
bearing the name of Fairbanks or Fair- 
bank^ except by marriage, are related by 
direct descent from Jonathan, the first, 
while there are many who take a justifi- 
able pride in tracing their lineage back to 
mothers born to the inheritance. The 
immigrant often wrote his name Fair- 
banke, and occasionally ffayerbanke. In 
his will and the inventory of his property 
there appears the variations ffarbanke, 
ffarebanks, Fairbancke. Among the mem- 
bers of this ancient family are many who 
have distingfuished themselves in the pro- 
fessions, in business and in politics, and 
one has filled the ofHce of vice-president 
of the United States; another has been 
governor of a State, and many have been 
notable in the arts and industries ; among 
the latter those of the later generations of 
the present line. 

(I) Jonathan Fairbanks came from 
Sowerby in the West Riding of York- 
shire, England, to Boston, Massachusetts, 
in the year 1633, and in 1636 settled in 
Dedham, where he first built the noted 
"Old Fairbanks House," which is still 
standing as an ancient landmark, the 
oldest dwelling in New England which 
for the same period of time has been con- 
tinuously owned and occupied by the 
builder and his lineal descendants. He 
was one of the earliest settlers of Ded- 
ham, which was established 1636, and 
signed the covenant, March 23, 1637. Be- 
fore 1637 Jonathan Fairbanks had been 
granted at least one of the twelve-acre 
lots into which the first allotment was 
divided, with four acres of swamp land, 
for the same year he received as his por- 
tion of a further allotment four acres of 
"Swamp" land, this additional grant be- 
ing made on account of the swampy con- 
dition of a portion of the first grant. In 
1638 he was appointed with others "to 

measure out those polls of meadow which 
adjoin to m^n's lots, and to mete out so 
much meadow in several parcels as is 
allotted unto every man according to the 
grant made unto them." In 1638 he was 
allowed six acres more, which was later 
exchanged for other land; and at other 
times following he received various small 
grants. He was admitted townsman and 
signed the covenant in 1654. He died 
in Dedham, December 5, 1668. He mar- 
ried Grace Lee. She died "28th 10 mo. 
1672." Their children were all born in 
England, as follows: John, George, 
Mary, Susan, Jonas and Jonathan. 

(II) Jonas Fairbanks, third son of 
Jonathan Fairbanks, was born in England 
and came to Dedham with his parents. 
In 1657 he removed to Lancaster, and 
March 7, 1659, signed the covenant, and 
became "one of the fathers of the town." 
He was by occupation a farmer, and it 
is believed also a carpenter. In 1652 he 
was fined for wearing great boots before 
he was worth two hundred pounds, which 
was contrary to a regulation of the gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts, ordered in 
1651. He was killed with his son Joshua 
in a raid made by King Philip and his 
warriors upon the settlement, February 
10, 1675-76. At this time from fifty to 
fifty-five persons were massacred and 
twenty or more carried into captivity. 
His son Jonathan and one of his children 
were also victims of the massacre of Sep- 
tember 22, 1697. He married. May 28, 
1658, Lydia, daughter of John Prescott, 
who came from Sowerby, parish of Hali- 
fax, England. She was bom in Water- 
town, Massachusetts, August 15, 1641. 
After his death she married Elias Barron, 
of Watertown, afterward of Groton and 
Lancaster. Children : Marie, born June 
20, 1659; Joshua, April 6, 1661, killed by 
the Indians, February 10, 1675-76 ; Grace, 
bom November 15, 1663 ; Jonathan, Octo- 



ber 7, 1666 ; Hasadiah, February 28, 1668 ; 
Jabez, mentioned below; Jonas, May 6, 


(III) Captain Jabez Fairbanks, son of 
Jonas and Lydia (Prescott) Fairbanks, 
was bom in Lancaster, January 8, 1670, 
died there March 2, 1758. He was a very 
efficient soldier and officer in the Indian 
wars, and was doubtless incited to heroic 
exploits by the massacre of his father and 
brother in 1676, and of his only surviving 
brother in 1697. During the raid on the 
town in the latter year, he was the means 
of saving a garrison and perhaps many 
lives. The historian, Marvin, speaks of 
him in this connection, as follows : ''First 
in the order of time of our military heroes, 
was Lieutenant afterwards Captain Jabez 
Fairbanks. He was a famous scouting 
officer, and traversed large sections of the 
country to the north, east and west, in 
search of prowling Indians. During the 
war of 1722, sometimes known as Dum- 
mer's War, because it was carried on 
under the direction of William Dummer, 
acting governor of the colony, the serv- 
ices of Captain Jabez Fairbanks were 
sought by the latter to enlist men. He 
was offered the choice of the office of 
sergeant if he remained at home in Lan- 
caster or that of lieutenant if he were 
willing to serve at Groton or at Turkey 
Hill. He chose the latter, and at once 
entered the service. He reported directly 
to the Governor during the war, and the 
published correspondence between them 
furnishes many interesting chapters of 
history." In 1700 he had lands laid out 
to him, and upon this site the home of 
the family remained for over a hundred 
years. In 1714-21-22-23 he was a repre- 
sentative to the General Court. He mar- 
ried (first) Mary, daughter of Thomas 
and Mary (Houghton) Wilder, who died 
February 21, 1718, in her forty-third year. 
He married (second) Elizabeth Whit- 


comb, March 25, 1719. She died May 11, 
1755, aged eighty years. Children: Jo- 
seph, mentioned below ; Jabez ; Elizabeth, 
married, December 24, 1718, Deliverance 
Brown ; Jonas, Thomas, Abigail. 

(IV) Joseph Fairbanks, eldest child of 
Captain Jabez and Mary (Wilder) Fair- 
banks, was born in 1693 ^^ Lancaster, 
and died December 6, 1772, in Harvard, 
Massachusetts. In 1732 the district in 
which he lived became a part of the town 
of Harvard, and he joined others in form- 
ing a church there, September 9, 1733. 
In that year he was selectman of the 
town, also in 1735, 1743, and from 1745 to 
1752. From 1736 to 1740 he was town 
treasurer, was chosen representative in 
1740, but declined to serve. He was a 
member of most of the town committees 
during the exciting times preceding the 
outbreak of the Revolution, including the 
committee to consider the form of gov- 
ernment adopted by the colony. In 1750 
he was deacon of the church, and was 
seated ninth on the "fore seat below." 
Members were then seated in the church 
according to age and amount paid for 
support of the ministry. In 1766, when 
the church was reseated, he was first on 
the front seat. He built his house about 
1720, and it is still standing, though much 
modified by modern additions and 
changes. He married, April 21, 1718, 
Mary Brown, born December 8, 1699, 
died November 14, 1791, almost ninety- 
two years old. Children: Phineas, born 
April 8, 1719; Mary, died young; Jo- 
seph, mentioned below ; Mercy, February 
6, 1725; Cyrus, May 23, 1726; Mary, 
January 19, 1729; Lydia, August 16, 1731 ; 
Elizabeth, May i, 1734; Amos, April 21, 
1737; Relief, December 31, 1739. 

(V) Joseph (2) Fairbanks, second son 
of Joseph (i) and Mary (Brown) Fair- 
banks, was bom November 4, 1722, in 
what is now the town of Harvard, and 


died in 1802, at the age of eighty years. 
He was captain in a regiment of foot 
alarm men under Colonel Asa Whitcomb, 
which marched to Cambridge, April 19, 
1775. He was also a captain of the first 
Harvard company of militia in the Second 
Worcester Regiment, and was chosen in 
March, 1776, a member of the committee 
of correspondence and safety. He was 
one of the promoters of the social library, 
March 3, 1798, was assessor in 1752-53; 

1756-57-58; 1771-72; 1775-76; treasurer 
from 1767 to 1769, and selectman in 1769, 
1772 and 1777. He married (first) No- 
vember II, 1742, Mary Willard, born Oc- 
tober 9, 1722, baptized December 22 same 
year in Harvard, daughter of Hezekiah 
and Anna (Wilder) Willard, died August 
26, 1748. He married (second) October 
4, 1749, Abigail Tarbell, born June 6, 
1722, in Groton, Massachusetts, died 
April 12, 1798, daughter of Thomas and 
Abigail (Parker) Tarbell. He married 
(third) February 19, 1801, when in his 
seventy-ninth year, Mrs. Mary Willard. 
Children of first marriage : Joseph, born 
December 5, 1743; Jabez, March 8, 1745; 
Anna, March 28, 1746 ; children of second 
marriage: Thomas, born November 12, 
1750, died young; Cyrus, mentioned be- 
low; Ephraim, October 18, 1753; Levi, 
May 29, 1755; Abigail, November 24, 
1756; Jonathan, September 4, 1758; 
Mary, July 13, 1762; Thomas, May 7, 
1764; also Benjamin, mentioned in his 

(VI) Cyrus Fairbanks, fourth son of 
Captain Joseph (2) Fairbanks, and second 
child of his second wife, Abigail (Tarbell) 
Fairbanks, was bom May 12, 1752, in 
Harvard, and settled in Ashburnham, 
Massachusetts, in 1788. Between 181 5 
and 1820 he resided in Troy, New Hamp- 
shire, but returned to Ashburnham, 
where he died June 18, 1852, over one 
hundred years old. He was a soldier of 

the Revolution, and the last pensioner 
living in Ashburnham. He was a drum- 
mer in Captain Jonathan Davis' company 
of Colonel John Whitcomb's regiment of 
minute-men, which marched on the Lex- 
ington Alarm, April 19, 1775, and was 
later under the same officers in the eight 
months' service at the siege of Boston, 
located at Cambridge and Prospect Hill. 
In 1776 he was a drum-major in the army, 
operating along the Hudson, marching by 
way of Worcester, New Haven, and 
White Plains to Dobbs Ferry. In Sep- 
tember, 1777, he enlisted at Harvard in 
the expedition against Burgoyne, and 
was corporal in a company organized at 
Petersham under Captain Hill. They 
marched through Bennington to Fort 
Edward, New York. He married, August 
25, 1779, Mercy Hale, born February 7, 
1756, in Stowe, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Jacob and Elizabeth (Holman) Hale. 
She died in 1840 in Ashburnham. Chil- 
dren : Sally, born August 8, 1780 ; Jacob, 
March 17, 1782; Mercy, October 7, 1784; 
Cyrus, mentioned below; Abigail, Febru- 
ary 24, 1789; Artemas, May 26, 1791 ; 
Betsey, April 10, 1796. 

(VII) Cyrus (2) Fairbanks, second son 
of Cyrus (i) and Mercy (Hale) Fair- 
banks, was born November 17, 1786, in 
Harvard, and was two years of age when 
his parents removed to Ashburnham. 
When a youth he had the misfortune to 
lose the use of his lower limbs, and 
learned the trade of shoemaker, which he 
long followed. About 1817 he removed 
to Troy, New Hampshire, where his 
death occurred, November 23, 1861. He 
married, July 3, 181 7, Betsey Jackson, 
born August 5, 1790, in Westminster, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Oliver and 
Mary (Pierce) Jackson, died April 29, 
1868. Children: Eliza, born March 22, 
1818; Silas H., December 7, 1819; Mary 
Ann, December 3, 1822 ; George, October 



22, 1825; Charles, March 15, 1827; 
Walter A., January 5, 1830 ; Sarah Whit- 
temore, mentioned below; Caroline A., 
June 6, 1836. 

(VIII) Sarah Whittemore Fairbanks, 
third daughter of Cyrus (2) and Betsey 
(Jackson) Fairbanks, was born May 8, 
1832, in Troy, New Hampshire, became 
the wife of Daniel H. Sawyer, of Keene, 
New Hampshire (see Sawyer VII). 

HOBBS» Hon. Clarence Whitman, 

Two pioneers, probably brothers, of the 
Hobbs family came early to Ipswich. 
The elder, Maurice Hobbs, was in New- 
bury in 1642, removed to Hampton, New 

(I) Thomas Hobbs settled in Salem. 
He was a witness in court in 1648. He 
deposed in 1679 that he was fifty-four 
years old, stating that he was living at 
Wenham in 165 1. His wife Martha died 
at Wenham, August 24, 1672. He may 
have married again, for a Widow Hobs 
died in 1715 at Wenham. He died in 
Boston in 1690, but his inventory was 
filed at Salem by Richard Hutton and 
John Gilbert, May 26, 1691. Jonathan 
Hobbs, his son, was appointed administra- 
tor, September 29, 1691. (P. 141 Vol. V. 
Essex Inst. Coll.) Thomas Hobbs was 
in King Philip's War in Captain Lath- 
rop's company, killed at Bloody Brook, 
September 18, 1675. This Thomas was 
doubtless a son. (See Hist. Ipswich p. 
220). Thomas had other children. He 
may have been father of William of 
Topsfield and was probably father of 
John who was also killed in King Philip's 

(II) Jonathan Hobbs, son of Thomas 
Hobbs, was born about 1650 and died 
April 9, 1725. He lived in Ipswich. He 
married Rebecca . Children, born 

at Ipswich : Rebecca, December 3, 1677 ; 
Jonathan, December 23, 1678 ; John, men- 
tioned below ; Mary, February 7, 1681 ; 
Caleb, May 10, 1683, married Deborah 
Weed ; Elizabeth, July 4, 1699 ; Benjamin 
(?); Abraham (?). 

(III) John Hobbs, son of Jonathan 
Hobbs, was bom at Ipswich, April 25, 
1680, and died April 3, 1751. No record 
of his children or those of his brothers 
can be found. The vital records are lack- 
ing at this point and the probate records 
and deeds do not supply the information. 
He married, in 1706, Elizabeth Stinson, 
bom January 11, 1680, daughter of 
George Stinson, of Ipswich. Jeremiah 
was a common name in the Stinson 

(IV) Jeremiah Hobbs, son or nephew 
of John Hobbs, was bom at Ipswich 
about 171 5. He married at Ipswich, April 
10, 1740, Mary Gilbert, daughter of Daniel 
Gilbert. After the birth of their first 
child in 1742 Jeremiah and Mary sold to 
"our brother,'-' Jeremiah Low of Ipswich 
a fifth of the estate of "our father" 
Daniel Gilbert, of Ipswich, and Eliza 
Bumham, "mother of said wife of Jere- 
miah Hobbs, does yield up her right of 
dower," October 15, 1742. (Essex Deeds 
vol. 93, p. 4). Jeremiah Hobbs moved to 
Hopkinton soon afterward; lived there 
from 1744 to 1752-53; then in Holliston 
till 1758 or later and again in Hopkinton. 
Children: i. Daniel, born at Ipswich, 
baptized June 27, 1742. Bom at Hop- 
kinton: 2. Mary, baptized January 13, 
1744-45. 3. Jeremiah, mentioned below. 
4. Elizabeth, baptized April 16, 1749. 5. 
Susannah, baptized May 26, 1751. Bom 
at Holliston : 0. Gilbert, baptized March 
25, 1753. 7- Elizabeth, baptized January 
I, 1758. 8. Amos, 1 761, at Hopkinton. 

(V) Jeremiah (2) Hobbs, son of Jere- 
miah (i) Hobbs, was born at Hopkin- 
ton, June 14, 1747, baptized June 21, 1747, 



and died June 17, 1814. He removed to 
Gray, Maine. Amos Hobbs, his brother, 
went with him and was a soldier from 
Gray in the Revolution in 1779. In 1786 
Amos and Jeremiah were of the five first 
settlers at Rustfield, now Norway, Maine. 
Jeremiah cleared a lot in the Cummings 
purchase east of the present site of the 
Congregational church. The five pioneers 
built their cabins there in the spring of 
1787 and in the summer removed their 
families thither from Shepardsfield where 
they stayed for a time. In 1790 the 
federal census shows Jeremiah and Amos 
living at Rustfield. He married, about 

1770, Anna Fowler, who was born in 
Kittery, Maine, October 20, 1746, died 
June 18, 1824. Children: Olive, May 30, 

1771, married Joel Stevens; Miriam, July 
17, 1772, married, May 17, 1791, Nathan 
Foster (the first marriage in Norway) ; 
Wealthy, bom February 10, 1774, died in 
April, 1845, married John Daniels, Jr., 
of Paris, Maine; Anna, March 15, 1776, 
died 1849, married Deacon John Horr; 
Daniel, September 17, 1778; William, 
April 2, 1780, died February 19, 1845; 
Sally, January 8, 1782, died February 15, 
1850; Jeremiah, January 17, 1785, died 
February 15, 1850; Lydia, at Norway, 
August 20, 1789. 

(VI) William Hobbs, son of Jeremiah 
(2) Hobbs, was born in Maine, April 2, 
1780, died February 19, 1845. He was a 
general merchant in Norway. His store 
was near the center of the town ; he was 
prominent in town affairs. He married 
Catherine Wetherbee, born May 26, 1787, 
daughter of Judah and Catherine Whit- 
man. Children: Charlotte Sophronia, 
born October 29, 1808, married Dr. Na- 
thaniel Grant, removed to Ossipee, New 
Hampshire; William Whitman, men- 
tioned below ; Jereniiah Wellington, June 
8, 1814; Charles Leslie, June 10, 1816, 
died May 16, 1834 ; Henry Hill, March 13, 

1821; Milton Wilkins, April 30, 1823; 
Cornelius Washington, June 5, 1826. 

(VII) William Whitman Hobbs, son 
of William Hobbs, was born in Norway, 
Maine, May 20, 1810. When a young 
man he taught school at Paris Hill, Au- 
gusta, Andover, and other towns in 
Maine. After his marriage he followed 
farming in Norway. In 1849 he crossed 
the continent in charge of a company of 
gold-seekers and spent two years in Cali- 
fornia. When he returned he conducted 
the homestead at Norway. He was 
selectman in 1850 and representative in 
the Maine Legislature in 1865. For 
many years he was deputy sheriflf. For 
two years he held a department position 
in Washington, but life at the capital was 
uncongenial and he resigned. He re- 
moved late in life to Minnesota, engaged 
in business there and died there in 1876. 

He married, June 17, 1840, at Andover, 
Maine, Sarah Farrington Merrill, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Ezekiel Merrill (see Mer- 
rill). Children: Adela Sophronia, bom 
July 12, 1842, married, April 18, 1867, 
John Milton Adam«, of Portland, Maine ; 
Sarah Frances, June 11, 1847, ^^^^ Sep- 
tember 10, 185 1 ; Clarence Whitman, 
mentioned below. 

(VIII) Clarence Whitman Hobbs, son 
of William Whitman Hobbs, was born at 
Norway, Maine, January 27, 1852. He 
was educated in the public schools of his 
native town. His business career began 
in 1870 in the office of the "Daily Eastern 
Argus," of Portland. Soon afterward he 
became a clerk in the First National 
Bank. In 1883 he began to manufacture 
paper boxes at Lynn, Massachusetts, 
under the name of the New England 
Paper Box Company. He sold out in 
1888 and removed to Boston. In 1891 
he organized the Hobbs Manufacturing 
Company with Richard Sugden and 
Harry W. Goddard of the Spencer Wire 




Company. The company began to make 
paper box machinery in a building on 
Union street, Worcester. The business 
was incorporated in 1895 ^nd in 1903 
occupied the factory at No. 26 Salisbury 
street, purchased of Witherby, Rugg & 
Richardson. Another large brick build- 
ing was erected. Mr. Hobbs is president 
of the company, Mr. Goddard is treasurer. 
He is a member of the Commonwealth 
Club, Congregational Club, Economic 
Club, the Central Congregational Church, 
Young Men's Christian Association, and 
the Chamber of Commerce. 

He married, June 13, 1877, Marion 
Blanchard Twitchell, daughter of Samuel 
B. and Malvina A. (Chapman) Twitchell, 
of Bethel, Maine. Children: i. Clarence 
Whitman, Jr., mentioned below. 2. 
Samuel Twitchell, born at Portland, 
Maine, October 29, 1880, graduate of 
Classical High School of Worcester, and 
of Harvard College, Bachelor of Arts, 
1903; Master of Arts, 1904; salesman for 
the Hobbs Manufacturing Company. He 
married Anna Nightingale Warren, 
daughter of Charles H. and Anna (Night- 
ingale) Warren, of Providence, Rhode 
Island. He is a member of Economic 
Club, the Harvard Club of Worcester, 
and is on the board of directors of the 
Hobbs Manufacturing Company. 

(IX) Hon. Clarence W. Hobbs, Jr., 
son of Clarence Whitman Hobbs, was 
born at Woodford, now part of Portland, 
Maine, October i, 1878. He attended the 
public schools at Lynn and graduated 
from the Classical High School, Worces- 
ter, in 1898, and from Harvard College 
in 1902, Bachelor of Arts, tnagna cum 
laude. He graduated two years later 
from the Harvard Law School and began 
to practice. For two years he was in the 
office of George S. Taft, former district 
attorney. His offices for several years 
have been at No. 532 State Mutual build- 

ing. In politics Mr. Hobbs is a Repub- 
lican. He served one year on the Repub- 
lican city committee. In 1909 he repre- 
sented his ward in the Common Council, 
and in 1910, 191 1 and 1912 in the General 
Court. In the house he was on the 
committee on legal affairs in 1910 ; on the 
committee on the judiciary in 1911-12 
and clerk the second year; chairman of 
the committee on elections in 1912. He 
was State Senator in 1913 and 1914, and 
is now serving his third term. In 1913 
he was member of the committee on the 
judiciary, fisheries and game, and chair- 
man of cities. ' In 1914 he was on the 
committee on election laws and chairman 
of the judiciary committee and committee 
on constitutional amendments. In 191 5 
he was chairman of the committee on 
railroads. Senator Hobbs ranks among 
the most capable, efficient and useful men 
in the Legislature. He is a forceful and 
convincing public speaker and has taken 
a prominent part in political campaigns 
in the city and State in recent years. 

He is a member of the Harvard Phi 
Beta Kappa; Morning Star Lodge, Free 
Masons ; the Worcester County Republi- 
can Club ; the Massachusetts Republican 
Club ; the Worcester Economic Club ; the 
Chamber of Commerce; and the Young 
Men's Christian Association. He was 
for three years parish treasurer of the 
Central Congregational Church and in 
1914 was president of the Worcester 
Congregational Club. 

He married, August 20, 1913, at Ben- 
nington, Vermont, Florence Mariner Pot- 
ter, daughter of Charles H. and Elizabeth 
(Phillips) Potter. 

(The MerrUl Line). 

The surname Merrill was Anglicized 
from the French D6 Merle. Merle signifies 
a blackbird and its original is said to have 
derived the name from the figure of a black- 



bird displayed at his door. The ancient 
seat of the De Merles in France was at 
Place de Dombes in Arverg^e. There is 
a village of Merle in Aisne. The English 
Merrills, however, trace their ancestry ta 
a follower 'of William the Conqueror. 
The coat-of-arms, which was used on a 
deed in 1726 by Thomas Morrill, grand- 
son of the American pioneer, and is in 
general use by the family, is described: 
Or a barrulet between three peacocks' 
heads erased proper. Crest — ^A peacock's 
head erased proper. Motto: Per aspera 
ad astro. According to family tradition, 
the American family is descended from 
a French Huguenot who fled to England 
at the time of the massacre of St. Bar- 
tholomew in 1552 and settled at Salis- 
bury, Wiltshire. John and Nathaniel 
Merrill, brothers, came to New England 
from Salisbury, about 1636. John settled 
at Ipswich, but removed to Newbury in 
1638 and died there September 12, 1673, 
leaving no sons. Hence all of the old 
Merrill families are descended from Na- 

(I) Nathaniel Merrill, the immigrant 
ancestor, came to Ipswich but was one 
of the founders of Newbury in 1638. He 
married Susanna Wolterton, sister of 
Gregory. Nathaniel died at Newbury, 
March 16, 1654-55. His widow married 
Stephen Jordan. His will was proved 
March 27, 1655, bequeathing to wife 
Susanna, children, Susanna, Nathaniel, 
John, Abraham, Daniel and Abel. His 
brother John was one of the overseers of 
the will. Children : John, born 1635 ; 
Abraham, 1637, married Abigail Web- 
ster; Nathaniel, 1638; Susanna, 1640; 
Daniel, August 20, 1642, married Sarah 
Clough ; Abel, mentioned below ; Thomas, 

(II) Abel Merrill, son of Nathaniel 
Merrill, was born February 20, 1645-46. 
He lived in Newbury, and married there. 

February 10, 1670, Priscilla Chase, daugh- 
ter of Aquila and Anne (Wheeler) Chase. 
Children, born at Newbury : Deacon Abel, 
born December 28, 1671, married, June 
19, 1694, Abigail Stevens; Susanna, born 
November 14, 1673, married Benjamin 
Morse, Jr.; Nathan, April 3, 1676; 
Thomas, January i, 1678-79, married 
Judith Kent ; Joseph, July 12, 1681 ; Na- 
thaniel, mentioned below; Priscilla, July 
3, 1686, married Nathaniel Noyes ; James, 
January 27, 1689, married Mary Adams. 

(III) Nathaniel Merrill, son of Abel 
Merrill, was born February 6, 1683, at 
Newbury, and died there February 22, 
1743, aged sixty years. He married at 
Newbury, July 28, 1709, Hannah Stevens, 
daughter of Deacon Thomas and Martha 
(Bartlett) Stevens. Administration was 
granted his son Roger, May 7, 1744- 
They had but one child, Roger, mentioned 

(IV) Roger Merrill, son of Nathaniel 
Merrill, was born March 10, 171 1, at New- 
buiy. He married, March 10, 1730, Mary 
Hale (not Hall as given in "Old Salis- 
bury Families"). She was a daughter of 
Ezekiel and Ruth (Emery) Hale. Chil- 
dren, born at Newbury : Nathaniel, born 
April 13, 1732; Hannah, July 9, 1733; 
Mary, March 31, 1735; Mary, March 27, 
1738; Elizabeth, October 30, 1739; Pris- 
cilla, January 7, 1741 ; Roger, February 
7, 1742, died young; Roger, February 20, 
1743; Priscilla, August 31, 1746; Ezekiel, 
mentioned below; John, April 3, 1750; 
Joseph, July 10, 1751 ; Elizabeth, Decem- 
ber 10, 1756. 

(V) Ezekiel Merrill, son of Roger 
Merrill, was born at Newbury, December 
9, 1748, and died at Andover, Maine, 
March 16, 1830. He was a soldier in the 
Revolution, a corporal in Captain Wil- 
liam Roger's company of minutemen 
from Newbury, April 19, 1775. (Mass. 
Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolution). 



He was a corporal from Pelham, New 
Hampshire, in Captain David Quinby's 
company, Colonel Josiah Bartlett's regi- 
ment (also known as Colonel Wingate's) 
in July, 1776 (N. H. State Papers, vol. 
15, p. 252). He married, July 13, 1773, at 
Newbury, Sarah Emery, of West New- 
bury, born July 13, 1753, died March 4, 
1847, at Andover, Maine. In an account 
of Andover in the "Maine Gazetteer," it 
is stated that the township was purchased 
of Massachusetts in 1791 by Samuel 
Johnson and others of Andover, Massa- 
chusetts. The first settler was Ezekiel 
Merrill who in 1789 came with his wife 
and six children from Andover, Massa- 
chusetts (should be Pelham, New Hamp- 
shire, an adjacent town), having stepped 
by the way at Fryeburg. He and three 
sons drew their household effects on 
hand-sleds through the woods, their only 
guide being the spotted trail of the In- 
dians. Mrs. Merrill lived for three years 
without seeing a white woman. Chil- 
dren : Ezekiel, mentioned below ; Roger ; 
Sarah, married Peregrine Bartlett ; Mary, 
born February 3, 1791, married Dr. 
Silvanus Poor; Moses; Susan; Anne; 
Lydia, married Isaac Winslow. 

(VI) Ezekiel Merrill, son of Ezekiel 
Merrill, was born November 15, 1782, at 
Pelham, New Hampshire, died at An- 
dover, Maine, September 14, 1853. He 
married at Andover, Maine, June 12, 1809, 
Phebe Varnum Farringfton, who was 
born at Andover, Massachusetts, March 
22, 1781, and died at Andover, Maine, De- 
cember 28, 1848. Children: i. Ezekiel 
Emery, born January 22, 181 1. 2. Phebe 
Varnum, February 3, 1813 ; married, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1836, Daniel Carey Dresser. 
3. Henry Putnam, November 3, 1814, died 
in Montreal. 4. John Farrington, No- 
vember 15, 1816. 5. Sarah Farrington, 
November 15, 1818; married, June 17, 
1840, William Whitman Hobbs (see 


Hobbs). 6. John Farrington, April 11, 
1821, died in 1905. 7. Martha Swan, died 
young. 8. Martha Swan, March 10, 1827, 
died September 10, 1905. 9. Lydia Talbot, 
June 6, 1829. 

KINSMAN, Frederick Gibbs, 

OivU War V«te] 

This name appears often in the early 
records of Massachusetts as Kingsman, 
and has been identified with the pioneer 
settlement and subsequent growth and 
development of New England, as well as 
of many other States. Those who bear 
the name have borne their share in main- 
taining the New England reputation for 
industry, thrift and sound moral prin- 

(I) Robert Kinsman took the oath of 
supremacy and allegiance at London, 
March 24, 1633, and sailed within a day or 
two from London on the ship ''Mary and 
John," Robert Sayres, master. He arrived 
at Boston in May of the same year, and 
soon after settled at Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was granted, in 1637, 
a house lot of one acre, a planting lot of 
six acres, and thirty-four acres of upland 
and meadow on the west side of Qiebacco 
river. His house stood very near the 
present location of the South Church in 
Ipswich, where he died, January 28, 1665. 
There is no record of his marriage or 
wife. It is probable that his three young- 
est children were born in Ipswich, but 
their births are not recorded. The inven- 
tory of his estate, made March 28, 1665, 
amounted to two hundred and thirty-four 
pounds, eleven shillings. His will made 
large gifts for that day in money to his 
daughter Mary and her children and 
relatives. Children: Robert, Mary, 
Sarah, Hannah, Martha, Tabitha. 

(II) Robert (2) Kinsman, only son of 
Robert (i) Kinsman, was bom in 1629, 


and died at Ipswich, February 19, 1712. 
He was in full conununion with the 
church at Ipswich, February 22, 1673, and 
was therefore eligible to admission as a 
freeman, which took place March 11, 
1674. He was selectman in 1675 and 1687, 
and probably at other times. In 1677 he 
was tithingman, and was quartermaster, 
January i, 1684. He was a soldier of the 
Narragansett War, and received three 
pounds from the colony for his services, 
and also a share in the division of lands 
known as the Narragansett towns. He 
did not live to enjoy this, as was the case 
with all the soldiers of that service. It 
was not until most of them had been dead 
for half a century that the colony re- 
deemed its promise to these men, and his 
son, Joseph Kinsman, received the lands 
due to the father in Buxton, Maine. 
Robert (2) Kinsman opposed the oppres- 
sion of the notorious Governor Andros, 
who was deposed in 1689, and for his 
offense was, with other selectmen, im- 
prisoned at Boston, fined twenty pounds, 
and compelled to furnish a bond of five 
hundred pounds. He deeded his estate to 
his son Joseph, March 21, 1699, in con- 
sideration of support during the re- 
mainder of his life. He married Mary, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary Bore- 
man, of Ipswich. Children : Mary, born 
December 21, 1657; Sarah, March 19, 
1659; Thomas, mentioned below; Jo- 
anna, April 25, 1665; Margaret, July 24, 
1668; Eunice, January 24, 1670; Joseph, 
December 20, 1673; Robert, May 21, 
1677; Pelatiah, November 10, 1680. 

(Ill) Thomas Kinsman, eldest son of 
Robert (2) and Mary (Boreman) Kins- 
man, was bom April 15, 1662, in Ipswich, 
and died July 15, 1696. The inventory 
of his estate amounted to one hundred 
and forty-two pounds, fourteen shillings 
and three pence. He married, July 12, 
1687, Elizabeth Burnham, daughter of 

Deacon John and Mary Burnham, of 
Ipswich. Children : Stephen, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, born about 1690; 
Thomas, April 3, 1693; Mary, October 
10, 1695. 

(IV) Stephen Kinsman, eldest child of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Burnham) Kins- 
man, was born about 1688, died December 
8, 1756. He was a weaver of Ipswich, and 
sergeant of the militia. He bought the 
homestead of his brother, Thomas Kins- 
man, mariner, January 3, 1714, and 
bought the right of his sisters in his 
father's estate, December 19, 1729. He 
married (first, published November 24, 
171 1), Lucy Kimball, born September 9, 
1693, died February 22, 1716, daughter of 
Caleb and Lucy (Edwards) Kimball. He 
married (second, published November 19^ 
1716), Lydia Kimball, born September 
14, 1694, daughter of Richard and Lydia 
(Wells) Kimball, died in October, 1762. 
Children of the first wife : Stephen, died 
young; Thomas, born February 13, 171s. 
Children of second wife: Stephen, born 
March 30, 1718 ; Daniel, baptized October 
25, 1720; Jeremiah, mentioned below; 
Lydia, August 10, 1729. 

(V) Jeremiah Kinsman, fifth son of 
Stephen Kinsman, and third child of his 
second wife, Lydia (Kimball) Kinsman, 
was baptized May 3, 1735, in Ipswich, 
where he passed his life, and died March 
3, 1818. He married (intentions entered 
January 21, 1743), Sarah Harris, baptized 
June 25, 1727, died September 19, 1805, 
daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth 
(Potter) Harris, of Ipswich. Children: 
Sarah, married Captain John Andrews; 
Dorothy, married Joseph Adams; Jere- 
miah, mentioned below; William, bom 
August 27, 1752; Mehitable, about 1757, 
married John Burnham. 

(VI) Jeremiah (2) Kinsman, called 
Jeremy in Ipswich records, was born 
October 6, 1748, in Ipswich, and was 



baptized March 4, 1764, in the Fourth October 23, 1801; Olive, April 2, 1804; 
Church of that town. He was a soldier Jeremiah, mentioned below; William 
of the Revolution. In 1777 he was a Timothy, June 21, 1808, died young; 
private under Captain Daniel Rogers, and Horace, August 12, 181 1 ; Mahala, June 
was later in Captain Dodge's company of 13, 1813, married a Mr. Pierce; William 
General Warner's brigade. He served L., April 3, 1816; Mary, April 9, 1819. 
first in the Lexington Alarm, April, 1775. (VHI) Jeremiah (4) Kinsman, eldest 
In his later enlistments he marched son of Jieremiah (3) and Olive (Mes- 
across the State, and was in the northern senger) Kinsman, was bom March 8, 
department of the Revolutionary army in 1806, on Pearl Hill in Fitchburg, and* died 
its operations on the Hudson river, in in that town, March 2, 1875. He was a 
1778. He served through the Rhode iirmev an4 cooper, and early in life 
Island campaign in an enlistment under £|>1Kled in the village of Fitchburg, where 
Captain Simon Bower, in Colonel Na- he built a house in which his son now 
thaniel Wade's regiment. He was a resides. The ground on which it stands 
pioneer settler at Fitchburg, where he . was purchased for one hundred and 
died March 11, 1828. He married (first )^ eighty dollars, and it is now taxed upon 
November 16, 1769, Martha Andrews, the valuation of three and one-half dollars 
born February i, 1748, daughter of John a front foot. In early life he taught 
(3) and Martha (Coggswell) Andrews, school and surveyed lands, and was a 
died April 11, 1810. He married (sec- very able, intelligent and thrifty man. 
ond) in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, He was very active in supporting the 
May 17, 1812, Lydia Campbell, who died work of Trinitarian Church (Protestant 
September 24, 1859, ^^ Fitchburg, aged Episcopal), and as a musician took part 
fifty-nine years. Children, all born of the in the singing. He was also an accom- 
first marriage: Martha, September 11, plished performer on the flute and fife. 
1770; Lydia, July 7, 1772; Jeremiah, In the first half of the last century, he 
mentioned below; Daniel, March 30, was identified with the Free Soil move- 
1778; Mary, February 2, 1781 ; Lucy, ment; was a strong Abolitionist, and 
August 15, 1783; John, April 24, 1786; aided escaping slaves who sought free- 
Sally, April 7, 1790; Asa, March 30, 1793. dom in Canada. He married, April 19, 
(VII) Jeremiah (3) Kinsman, eldest 1832, Abigail Flagg Hutchinson, of 
son of Jeremiah (2) and Martha (An- Fitchburg, born January 14, 1808, died 
drews) Kinsman, was born August 19, December i, 1891, daughter of Ebenezer 
1775, in Ipswich, baptized October i, and Susanna (Whiting) Hutchinson. 
1775, in Chebacco Parish, and died in Children: Henry and Sarah Jane, died 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts, July 14, 1857. young; Frederick Gibbs, mentioned be- 
He was a farmer and lived on Pearl Hill, low ; Frank Eugene, living at Hamlet, 
in Fitchburg, and did considerable busi- North Carolina; Abbie Maria, died 
ness in boring logs for water pipes. He young ; John Flagg, now deceased ; 
married, April 27, 1798, Olive Messenger, Jerome Alfred, living at Gardner, Massa- 
born June 26, 1778, daughter of Thomas chusetts. 

and Olive Messenger, of Fitchburg, died (IX) Frederick Gibbs Kinsman, eldest 

November 5, 1857, aged seventy-nine surviving son of Jeremiah (4) and Abispail 

years. Children: Susan, born January Flagg (Hutchinson) Kinsman, was bom 

3, 1800, married Lowe Preston ; Maria, April 22, 1839, in Fitchburg. He attended 





1 fas' 

an ace*' 

ah J^;. 

« ""t 



pi;-:lic librafv 



the schcx)ls of that city, after which he 
went to Newton, Massachusetts, where 
he was employed in a cane shop by the 
Newton Rattan Company. For some 
time he traveled on the road, erecting 
lightning rods, and at the outbreak of the 
Civil War, he was the first man to enlist 
for a three year term from Fitchburg. 
He was enrolled. May ii, 1861, and be- 
came a member of Company D, Second 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, with 
which he served to the close of the war, 
and was mustered out July 25, 1865. He 
served in the Shenandoah Valley, and 
was at the battles of Harper's Ferry, Port 
Royal, Winchester, Cedar Mountain, 
Antietam, Chancellorsville and Gettys- 
burg. In the last named engagement his 
regiment lost one hundred and thirty-four 
men in a space of twenty minutes out of 
three hundred and fifteen who entered 
the action. Later Mr. Kinsman joined 
the Army of the Tennessee under General 
Rosecrans. His first term of enlistment 
having expired, he reenlisted while in the 
field at Elk River Bridge, Tennessee, and 
participated in the operations of General 
Sherman in Northern Georgia, in 1864, 
and was in his great march to the sea, 
continuing northward through the Caro- 
linas into Virginia, taking part in the 
grand review at Washington. At the 
battle of Antietam, he received a wound, 
and was subsequently detailed as a sur- 
geon's assistant, receiving honorable 
mention for bravery in carrying wounded 
from the field under severe fire. He was 
in New York with his regiment at the 
time of the draft riots there, and at the 
time of his discharge was brevetted assist- 
ant surgeon. Returning to Fitchburg 
after the close of his service, he conducted 
the cooperage business for sometime, and 
also did a jobbing business in wooden 
ware. For three years he was in charge 
of Cross Brothers, oil dealers in Fitch- 

burg. As a result of his injuries and 
exposures in the military service, he was 
twenty-eight years an invalid and long 
confined to the house. Shortly after the 
war he served in the State militia service, 
being a member of Company D, Wash- 
ington Guards, of Fitchburg, of which he 
was hospital steward. He was a member 
of RoUstone Hose Company of Fitchburg 
thirteen years, during three years of 
which time he was foreman of the com- 
pany. He is a member of E. V. Sumner 
Post, No. 19, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and of the RoUstone Congrega- 
tional Church of Fitchburg. Politically 
he has always acted with the Republican 
party. He married, November 27, 1873, 
Martha Louisa Howard, bom July 3, 
1843, in Sterling, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Edwin and Martha (Fairbanks) 
Howard, of Bolton, Massachusetts. She 
died without issue, January 29, 1907, in 

RICHARDSON, James Albert, 

The principal early immigration to New 
England took place in 1630, when seven- 
teen ships in all, but not all together, 
brought one thousand or perhaps fifteen 
hundred passengers from England to 
these shores. In one of these ships the 
ancestors of the Richardsons of this 
article reached Massachusetts. In which 
one, or from what part of England he 
came, no one can definitely say. The 
great part of the members of this family 
in New England are descended from 
three Richardson brothers who were 
among the original settlers of Woburn, 
Massachusetts. They were men of sub- 
stance and influence, and their descend- 
ants are very numerous, many of whom 
have taken leading places in the direction 
of business and public events in their 



different days and generations. It is 
probable that John Richardson, the ances- 
tor of this line, was a brother of George 
Richardson, who was in New England at 
the same time. There is no proof of this, 
however. George Richardson embarked 
at London in the ship ''Susan and Ellen," 
for New England, April 15, 1635, being 
then thirty years of age, and probably 
arrived in July of that year. Of the 
coming of John Richardson, no record 
has been found. They were both at 
Watertown in the following year. 

(I) John Richardson had a grant of 
one acre of land in 1637, in the Bever 
Brook plowlands in the town of Water- 
town, which is within the present town 
of Waltham. The Beaver Brook plow- 
lands were one hundred and six in number, 
one acre to each person, and consisted 
partly of meadow and partly of upland. 
They were mostly on Waltham plains, on 
the north side of the Charles river. It is 
probable that John Richardson was con- 
cerned in the Antinomian controversy of 
1637, and probably left Watertown in 
that year. A record is found in Exeter 
in 1642 of the witnessing of a deed by 
John Richardson, from which it would 
seem that he followed Mr. Wheelwright 
to that point in the winter of 1637-38. A 
John Richardson was in Exeter in 1642, 
whose wife was Hannah Truair. He ap- 
pears to have managed to keep out of the 
records most of the time. A John Richard- 
son is found in Wells, Maine, in 1673, ^tnd 
was probably the son of John Richard- 
son that followed the fortunes of Mr. 
Wheelwright and settled at Wells, in 


(II) John Richardson, the first of the 

name found on the Medfield records, first 
appears there in notice of his marriage. 
On May i, 1679, Ralph Wheelock, magis- 
trate, married John Richardson to Re- 
becca Clark, who was bom in Medfield, 

August 16, 1660, youngest daughter of 
Joseph and Alice Clark, early settlers of 
that part of Dedham, which was incor- 
porated as the town of Medfield in 1651. 
This John Richardson owned a tract of 
land in Wells, Maine, formerly granted 
to John Richardson, which makes it 
tolerably certain that he was a son of the 
first John Richardson. He was by trade 
a cordwainer, and cultivated a farm of 
less than fifty acres. In 1697 he was a 
member of the church in Medfield, as was 
his wife. He died in what was then 
Medfield, May 29, 1697, '>tit no will is 
found on record. The inventory of his 
estate, dated February 22, 1700, includes a 
homestead of twenty-six acres with 
orchard and buildings valued at thirty 
pounds, besides eight acres of meadow 
and ten acres of upland and swamp near 
Bear Hill. The estate was administered 
by his widow, and the entire value of real 
estate was estimated at forty-six pounds, 
inventory including three cows and some 
other livestock. His personal estate was 
valued at twenty-seven pounds, ten shill- 
ings. His widow married John Hill, of 
Sherborn, an adjoining town, and died 
February 17, 1739, aged seventy-nine 
years. Children of John Richardson: 
John, bom August 25, 1680, married 
Esther Breck; Elizabeth, September 20, 
1681, died 171 1 ; Daniel, mentioned be- 
low; Joseph, bom about 1687, married, 
October 18, 1706, Hannah Barber; Mehit- 
able, June 16, 1689; Benjamin, 1693, had 
wife Elizabeth; Rebecca, February 28, 
1697, married Eleazer Hill, of Sherborn, 
August 18, 1712, settled in Douglas, 

(Ill) Lieutenant Daniel Richardson, 
second son of John and Rebecca (Clark) 
Richardson, was born in Medfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, later Medway, August 31, 
1685, ^^^ resided in Medfield until 1723. 
He and his wife owned the covenant 



which entitled them to have their children 
baptized, June 8, 1712. His wife was 
admitted to full communion, March 15, 
1713 ; he was admitted October 13, 1723 ; 
his wife was dismissed from the old 
church to the new one at Medway, June 
28, 1747. He died August 28, 1748, and 
his estate was valued at 1,859 pounds. 
He married, in 1709, Hannah Underwood, 
born in Watertown, Massachusetts, bap- 
tized April 13, 1690, daughter of Joseph 
(2) and Elizabeth Underwood, grand- 
daughter of Joseph (i) Underwood, who 
married, in England, Mary Wilder, sister 
of Edward Wilder, a pioneer of Massa- 
chusetts, and came in 1637 to Hingham, 
Massachusetts, removing soon after to 
Watertown, where he was a freeman in 
1645. Hannah Underwood survived her 
husband, and died in Medway, August 23, 
1778, in her eighty-ninth year. Children: 
William, born February 3, 1711, married. 
May 21, 1739, Hannah Ellis; Hannah, 
December 25, 1718, married, June 15, 
1739, Jonathan Underwood; Daniel, men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Daniel (2) Richardson, junior 
son of Lieutenant Daniel (i) and Hannah 
(Underwood) Richardson, was born 
June 26, 1721, in Medway, and settled in 
that town on land deeded by his father, 
January 3, 1746, including one-half of the 
paternal dwelling house. He died in 
Medway, December 23, 1779. Several of 
his sons served in the Revolution. He 
married in Medway, July 13, 1742, Judith 
Bullen, born May 3, 1721, in that town, 
daughter of David and Abigail (Dana) 
Bullen. Children, all born in Medway: 
Bathsheba, April 21, 1743, died April 25, 
1827, aged eighty-four years; Elisha, 
January 25, 1745, married Sarah Ellis; 
Hannah, January 30, 1747, died January 
22, 1795, aged forty-eight years; Sally, 
December 24, 1748; Abigail, November 
13, 1750, died June 11, 1830; Daniel, Feb- 

MASS-Voi. nr-u 209 

ruary 10, 1752, died 1831, aged seventy- 
nine years, was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tion; Judith, February 2, 1754; Patience, 
February 18, 1756, died November 24, 
1792, aged thirty-six years; Justina, April 
22, 1760, married (first) Sarah Morse, 
(second) Polly Babbitt, settled in Charl- 
ton, Massachusetts; Silas, mentioned be- 
low; Mary, Sepetmber 12, 1764, died 
October 31, 1778. 

(V) Silas Richardson, third son of 
Daniel (2) and Judith (Bullen) Richard- 
son, born January 12, 1762, in Medway, 
was a wheelwright by trade. In 1790 he 
bought of Caleb Leland a farm of 
seventy-five acres at Leominster, in the 
part called North Leominster, for a thou- 
sand dollars. He moved there immediate- 
ly, developed his land, bought more and 
when he died was possessed of a hand- 
some estate, amounting to about three 
hundred acres. The original farm is 
owned by his descendants still. He died 
at Leominster, June 15, 1833, aged sev- 
enty-one years. He married in Medway, 
February 21, 1791, Abigail Daniels, born 
August 12, 1768, daughter of Moses and 
Abigail (Adams) Daniels, also of Med- 
way. She died January 18, 1829, at Leo- 
minster, aged sixty years. Their chil- 
dren, born at Leominster, were : Horace, 
December 20, 1794, married Sally Joslin, 
died November i, 1865 ; Abigail, August 
17, 1799, married (first) Henry BuUard, 
(second) Farnham Plummer; Silas, 
March 22, 1802, married Annis (Agnes) 
Smith ; Moses Daniels, mentioned below. 

(VI) Moses Daniels Richardson, third 
son of Silas and Abigail (Daniels) Rich- 
ardson, was born May 19, 1805, on the 
old homestead at North Leominster, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he died July 24, 1888. 
He attended the common schools of his 
native town, and the academy at Groton, 
and gave his entire life to agriculture. 
He continued to aid his father in his early 


years, and succeeded to the ownership of 
the farm, on which he continued to 
reside. He was a shrewd and progres- 
sive farmer, ready to adopt new methods 
and constantly improving the paternal 
estate. Though his activity was some- 
what hampered by ill health, in later 
years, he always maintained a high 
standard of excellence. His fields and 
buildings gave ample evidence of his skill 
and attention. He was a member of the 
Leominster Baptist Church, which he 
joined in 1828, and was clerk and deacon 
of the same. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican and took the interest of a good 
citizen in public affairs. He married 
(first) May 28, 1828, Mary Cowden, bom 
in Fitchburg, February 16, 1809, died 
August 28, 1840. He married (second) 
December 15, 1842, Eunice T. Smith, 
bom in Ashburnham, Massachusetts, 
January 7, 1818, died August 24, 1851. 
He married (third) November 19, 1853, 
Abby W. Putnam, of a well known Wor- 
cester county family, born in Lunenburg, 
Massachusetts, April 14, 1818, daughter 
of George and Polly (Carter) Putnam. 
After the death of her husband, she 
resided on the homestead with her son. 
No. 606 Main street, North Leominster, 
until her death, which occurred Septem- 
ber 28, 1906. Children of first marriage : 
I. George Daniels, born February 8, 1836, 
died August 22, 1842. 2. Mary Abigail, 
born January 4, 1838, married, June i, 
1865, Putnam Simonds, born at Fitch- 
burg, February 15, 1829. Children of 
third marriage: 3. James Albert, men- 
tioned below. 4. Dana P., October 14, 
1855; he was graduated from the Leo- 
minster High School in 1876, received the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine from Har- 
vard Medical School in 1882 and is now 
a practicing physician at North Leo- 
minster ; he married Fannie L. Benton, of 
Fitchburg, and they have one son, James 

(VII) James Albert Richardson, sec- 
ond son of Moses Daniels Richardson, 
and eldest child of his third wife, Abby 
W. (Putnam) Richardson, was born July 
19, 1854, at North Leominster, in the 
house where he now resides, a dwelling 
of historic character, being the oldest 
now standing in the village of North 
Leominster. His farm embraces the 
principal part of this village, and is very 
valuable because of its location. He 
attended the public school, including the 
high school, after which he remained 
upon the paternal farm until 1877. In 
that year he was appointed an assistant 
to the United States Fish Commissioner 
in California, and for several years fol- 
lowing gave his attention almost wholly 
to this line of public service. For eight 
years he was superintendent of the 
United States Fish Hatchery on the Me- 
Cloud river, at Baird, California. Fol- 
lowing this he accepted an invitation of 
David Starr Jordan, president of the 
Leiand Stanford University of California, 
to accompany Mr. Jordan to Mexico, in 
pursuit of a special course in ichthyology. 
Mr. Richardson assisted in making a large 
collection of subjects, and has the credit 
of discovering a new specie of fish, named 
Reddingii. In 1895 ^^ pursued a course 
in zoology at Leiand Stanford University, 
and the following year engaged in estab- 
lishing a fish hatchery on the Karluk 
river, in the Karluk Settlement, on 
Kodiak Island, Alaska, for the Alaska 
Packers' Association of San Francisco. 
This undertaking involved many hard- 
ships and difficulties, requiring travel by 
canoe and portage around rapids and 
falls, accompanied only by natives, many 
of whom could not understand a word of 
his language. The undertaking was, 
however, a success, and the work done 
there by Professor Richardson is re- 
garded as a model. After ten years in 
Alaska Mr. Richardson returned to his 



native home, where he has continued to 
reside to the present time. While resid- 
ing in California he served as postmaster 
at Baird, Shasta county, California^ under 
the administration of President Harrison. 
For the past three years he has been 
secretary of the Leominster Historical 
Society. He is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, aiBliating with St. John's 
Lodge, No. 37, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Yreka, Siskiyou county, Cali- 
fornia, Cyrus Chapter, No. 15, and a char- 
ter member of Mount Shasta Command- 
ery. Knights Templar, of Mount Shasta, 

He married, March 22, 1899, Clara 
Rosina Edmondson, of San Leandro, Al- 
ameda county, California, where she was 
born July 4, 1861, daughter of Powhattan 
Ellis Edmondson, who was born in Aber- 
deen, Mississippi, March 29, 1829. He 
was educated in the schools of Columbus, 
Mississippi, and enlisted as a soldier in 
the Mexican War at the age of eighteen 
years, under General Zachary Taylor. 
After the war he resided in Mexico one 
year, removing thence to California, 
where he studied law and was admitted 
to the bar. He was appointed to a posi- 
tion in the Custom House at San Fran- 
cisco, and served as deputy sheriff for 
three terms, under Sheriff Andrew 
Broder, of Alameda county, California. 
He was editor and publisher of the La 
Grange **]ovirml" at La Grange, Texas, 
for twelve years. For a period he was 
editor and publisher of the "Inquirer," at 
Gonzales, Texas, and later of the "Enter- 
prise," at Schulenburg, Texas, and of the 
Flatonia "Argus," at Flatonia, Texas. He 
was mayor of Flatonia for two terms, 
1880-82. He married Mrs. Melinda (Har- 
lan) Fowler, at Alvarado, California. 
Their children were : An infant, died un- 
named; Horace, died at the age of three 
-years; an unnamed infant; Clementina 


Pocahontas, who married Mr. William 
Low, of Berkeley, California, where they 
reside; Sarah, died in infancy; Mary 
Florence, died aged seventeen years ; and 
Clara Rosina, wife of Mr. Richardson, 
above noted. Mr. and Mrs. Richardson 
have one son, James Albert, Jr., bom Octo- 
ber 26, 1902, at San Francisco, California. 
Mrs. Richardson, before her marriage, 
was engaged in teaching for a period of 
six years, from 1892 to 1898, in the public 
kindergartens in San Jose, California, 
during the last two years of which time 
she was principal of the Quincy Shaw 
School of the same city. 

LOWE, Arthur Houghton, 

The name of Lowe has been honorably 
associated with the history of New Eng- 
land from the beginning of its settle- 
m^ent down to the present time, and has 
extended to many other States through 
the pioneer immigration for which New 
England is noted. With the develop- 
ment of many regions it has been closely 
allied, aiding in the establishment of the 
church, school and printing press, those 
agencies of civilization which have made 
the New England people preeminent 
throughout the nation. 

(I) Thomas Lowe or Low, of Che- 
bacco, Ipswich, now Essex, Massachu- 
setts, the ancestor of the Lowe family of 
Fitchburg, of which John Lowe is the 
head, was born in England. He is be- 
lieved to have been the son of Captain 
John Low, master of the ship "Ambrose" 
and vice-admiral of the fleet that 
brought over Governor Winthrop's col- 
ony in 1630. The cane and Bible said to 
have belonged to Captain John Low have 
been handed down in the families of the 
Essex Lows and are now in possession of 
Daniel W. Low, of Essex, Massachusetts, 


a descendant. The Bible was "Imprinted 
at London by Christopher Barker, 
Printer to the Queenes most excellent 
Majestie, dwelling in Pater Noster Rowe 
at the signe of the Tigreshead Anno 
1579." "The whole Book of Psalms by 
Sternhold, Hopkins and others, printed 
by Derye over Aldergate 1578." "Sus- 
anna Low her book 1677, May 19." 
"Thomas Low his book." Thomas Low 
was born in England, but emigrated early 
to America. He was a resident of Ip- 
swich as early as 1641. According to his 
deposition made in 1660 he was born in 
1605. He was a malster by trade. He 
died September 8, 1677. His will, dated 
April 30, 1677, was proved November 6, 
1677. His son, John Low, succeeded to 
his business as malster and carried it on 
until 1696. Thomas Low married Sus- 
annah , who died at Watertown, 

Massachusetts, August 19, 1684, aged 
about eighty-six. The children of Thomas 
and Susannah Low were: Margaret, 
born in England, married, April 8, 1657, 
Daniel Davidson, who was afterward a 
major-general, she died July 8, 1668; 
Thomas, born in England, 1632, died 
April 12, 1712; Sarah, born 1637, if de- 
position of father in 1660 is correct, mar- 
ried Joseph Saff ord ; John, born probably 
in New England, married (first) Decem- 
ber 10, 1661, Sarah Thorndike, daughter 
of John and Elizabeth Thorndike, of 

Beverly, married (second) Dorcas . 

(II) Thomas (2) Lowe, eldest son of 
Thomas (i) and Susannah Lowe or Low, 
was born in England in 1632, and died 
April 12, 1712. Thomas Lowe was a lead- 
ing citizen. He was a proprietor or con- 
sumer in 1668; deacon of the church in 
1678, and honored with other offices. His 
house indicates that he was a prosperous 
man, a picture of the old house having 
been preserved. He married (first) July 
4, 1660, Martha Borman, daughter of 

Thomas and Margaret Borman, of Ip- 
swich. He married (second) Mary 
Brown. Children of first marriage: 
Thomas, born April 14, 1661, died Feb- 
ruary, 1698; Samuel; Jonathan, July 7, 
1665, dJ^d February 8, 1750 ; David, men- 
tioned below; Jonathan, March 10, 1669; 
Martha, married, November 16, 1694, 
Richard Dodger; she died February 2, 
1737; Nathaniel, born June 7, 1672, died 
July 30, 169s ; Sarah, married (first) John 
Grover, of Beverly, (second) Nathaniel 
Webster; Abigail, married Joseph Good- 
hue ; Samuel, born April, 1676, died June 

2, 1723. 

(Ill) David Lowe, son of Thomas (2) 
and Martha (Borman) Lowe, was born 
in Chebacco, Essex, August 14, 1667, died 
in Ipswich, June 2, 1746. He married, 
December 28, 1699, Mary Lamb. His 
will is dated March 14, 1745, and proved 
June 16, 1746. In a deed dated October 
5, 1736, he gives to his son, David Lowe, 
"his part of land granted to a certain 
number of men, which formerly went in 
an expedition to Canada under Sir Wil- 
liam Phipps of which I, David Lowe was 
one." This expedition arrived before 
Quebec, November 5, 1690, and was re- 
pulsed with heavy loss. The land granted 
was in New Hampshire. The rank of 
David Lowe was sergeant. Children: 
David, mentioned below; Jeremiah, born 
in Ipswich, married, April 4, 1732, Lydia 
Gilbert; Caleb, married, January 8, 1732, 
Abigail Varney; Stephen, married, Janu- 
ary 31, 1733-34, Sarah Low, he was killed 
in the battle of Ticonderoga, July 8, 1758; 
Joshua, married (first) August 8, 1734^ 
Susannah Butler, (second) April 3, 1760, 
Anna Boardman, widow; Mary, married, 
August 24, 1723, Jeremiah Lufkin; 
Martha, married Eleazer Crafts, private; 
Abigail, Eunice. 

(IV) David (2) Lowe, eldest child of 
David (i) and Mary (Lamb) Lowe, was 



born in Chebacco, Essex, in 1701. He 
was a malster by trade. He settled in 
Chebacco; April 12, 1763, he bought a 
farm in Lunenburg with buildings there- 
on and forty acres of land of William 
Henderson. This farm was situated in 
Fitchburg, and was given the same year 
it was bought to his son Joseph, who 
settled on it and was the ancestor of the 
Fitchburg branch of the family. The 
inventory of his estate shows that he was 
well off, having one thousand two hun- 
dred and two pounds after giving away 
much of his property. He married Sus- 
anna Low, probably daughter of Jona- 
than and Mary (Thompson) Low (pub- 
lished April II, 1724). Children: Mary, 
born in Ipswich, Massachusetts, bap- 
tized April 24, 1726, married, November 
28, 1 75 1, General Stephen Choate, she 
died about 1768, he died October 19, 1815, 
had nine children ; E>avid, baptized May 
5, 1728, died August, 1782; Susannah, 
born April 5, 1730, died before 1734; Jo- 
seph, mentioned below; Susannah, bap- 
tized July 7, 1734, married, September 5, 
1771, Enoch Blake, of Salisbury; Martha, 
July 18, 1736, died before 1738; Martha, 
September 24, 1738, married, November 
26, 1 761, Francis Perkins; Ebenezer, Oc- 
tober 4, 1 741, married Martha Story. 

(V) Joseph Lowe, second son of David 
(2) and Susanna (Low) Lowe, was born 
in Ipswich, baptized December 12, 1731. 
He settled on what was then called Apple- 
tree hill, a part of Lunenburg, now be- 
tween Blossom and Mechanic streets, 
Fitchburg, in 1763, directly after the land 
was purchased by his father, David Lowe. 
Joseph Lowe is on the tax list for 1763. 
He and his wife brought with them from 
Ipswich two children, Abigail and Joseph. 
He married, January 12, 1758, Abigail 
Low, born September i, 1737, daughter 
of Caleb, son of David Low, Sr. Caleb 
Low married Abigail Varney. Children : 

Abigail, married, July, 1783, John Upton, 
died September 7, 1829, they were the 
progenitors of a very large family in 
Fitchburg and vicinity; Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Mary, born in Lunenburg, 
married Amos Wheeler, who died Febru- 
ary 29, 1844. 

(VI) Joseph (2) Lowe, only son of 
Joseph (i) and Abigail (Low) Lowe, was 
born in Ipswich and baptized there April 
24> 1763. He was an infant when his 
parents brought him with them to Lunen- 
burg, now Fitchburg. He inherited the 
homestead and kept adding to the three 
hundred acres that his father left, until 
he was one of the largest and wealthiest 
taxpayers of the town. He served the 
town as highway surveyor. The old deeds 
of his property are in possession of Mrs. 
John Lowe, also the inventory and papers 
relating to the division of his estate. His 
estate was valued at $5,005. The only 
part of the farm now owned by his heirs 
is that of Mrs. Lydia (Messinger) 
(Hawes) Wood, she having married as 
his second wife Samuel Hawes, who mar- 

. ried for his first wife Mary Lowe, only 
daughter of Joseph (2) Lowe (VI). Of 
this place Samuel Hawes has bought a 
part. Joseph (2) Lowe married, Decem- 
ber 27, 1787, Mary (Polly) Sawyer. Chil- 
dren: Joseph, born in Fitchburg, Sep- 
tember I, 1791 ; Mary or Polly, bom in 
Fitchburg, March 16, 1794, married Sam- 
uel Hawes, son of Robert Hawes, May 
6, 1813, died July 17, 1828; Samuel Hawes 
married (second) Lydia Messinger, he 
died October 18, 1873, and she married 
(second) Rev. John Wood ; Daniel, bom 
in Fitchburg, August 17, 1796; Stephen, 
born in Fitchburg, June 2T, 1798; David, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) David (3) Lowe, youngest child 
of Joseph (2) and Mary (Sawyer) Lowe, 
was born in Fitchburg, July 2, 1800. He 
was left an orphan at the age of eight 



years and bound out as an apprentice to 
one Willard, living on Dean hill. He 
proved to be a hard master and the little 
fellow often went hungry and cold. His 
aunt, Mary (Lowe) Wheeler, took him 
to her home after a time and he lived 
with her until his marriage. When a 
young man he learned the mason's trade, 
and worked on several of the important 
buildings. About 1828 he bought the 
farm, a part of which is now owned by 
Seth Lowe. He built a house and bam 
and lived there the remainder of his life. 
It was well said of him : "None knew him 
but to love him ; none named him put to 
praise." Always hospitable, but never so 
happy as when, on Thanksgiving Day, he 
had as many of his children and grand- 
children around his table as could gather 
there. He died July 3, 1866. He mar- 
ried,* January 28, 1822, Louisa Adeline 
Messinger. Children: John, mentioned 
below ; a son, born and died in 1825 ; Cal- 
vin Messinger, born September 3, 1826; 
David Sawyer, December 23, 1829; a 
daughter, born and died in 1831 ; Seth 
Philips, born October 22, 1832, died Jan- 
uary 10, 183s; Seth Lyman, mentioned 
below ; George, born March 6, 1838, mar- 
ried, November 24, 1864, Mary Adams 
Russell, in West Fitchburg, where she 
was born July 20, 1840; he was in Com- 
pany F, Twenty-fifth Regiment, in the 
Civil War; she married (second) John 
Lowe, as his second wife; Daniel, born 
June 3, 1840, died September 23, 1842; 
Daniel Clark, May 25, 1843, died August 
7, 1845; Stephen Clark, January 5, 1847. 
(VIII) John Lowe, eldest child of 
David (3) and Louisa Adeline (Messin- 
ger) Lowe, was born in Fitchburg, Mas- 
sachusetts, May 5, 1824, in the house on 
Mechanic street, where E. P. Towne 
lately lived. When John was a small boy 
his father moved to the farm now owned 
by Seth L. Lowe on Pearl hill. The youth 

of John Lowe was spent on the farm, and 
he attended the district schools of his 
native town. Most of his schooling was 
obtained in a small red school house now 
made into a dwelling and standing on the 
corner of Fisher and Pearl hill roads. One 
winter term of six weeks he attended a 
private school taught by a Mr. Fox. At 
the age of eighteen he began to learn the 
trade of scythe making of John Farwell 
and Abel Simonds, but the work indoors 
was not congenial, and after three or four 
months he commenced work for Clark 
Simonds, farming, and attending school 
winters. Three years later he began work 
for Isaiah Putnam. About 1849 ^^ ^^^ 
the employ of Mr. Putnam to start in 
business for himself as a butcher and pro- 
vision dealer. He used a small building 
near his father's house for slaughtering 
at first. Hoping to extend his business 
he moved in the spring of 1851 to a farm 
in Rindge, New Hampshire. Four years 
of hardship among rocky hills were 
enough to cool his ardor for farming in 
that locality, though he made many life- 
long friends and cherished many pleasant 
memories of that period of his life. He 
returned to Fitchburg and entered the 
wholesale meat and provision business, 
which he followed with success for 
twenty years. In 1873 he sold the meat 
business to his oldest sons and for a short 
time had a market on Day street. He fol- 
lowed market gardening for four years 
on what he called "Round Top" on Pearl 
hill, now owned by William Proctor. It 
was the southern half of his father's farm. 
His later years were spent assisting in 
the business of his sons in various ways. 
John Lowe served the city of Fitchburg 
as councilman from January i, 1876, to 
January i, 1877. He was a member of 
the Calvinistic Congregational Church, 
which he joined early in life. Mr. Lowe 
was honored by his fellow citizens in 



Fitchburg as a self-made man, who built 
up a large business. He was a man of 
high principles and unblemished char- 
acter. He had the unique honor also of 
being the head of the largest and taken 
altogether probably the most successful 
and distinguished family ever raised in 
the city of Fitchburg. As a prominent 
citizen said of him: "He has seventeen 
children grown and not a single black 
sheep in the lot." He died May 9, 1907. 
He married (first) August 11, 1846, Sarah 
Mead, of Boxboro, Massachusetts. She 
was born August 22, 1825, and died De- 
cember 14, 1865. He married (second) 
April 3, 1866, in West Fitchburg, Mary 
Adams (Russell) Lowe, widow of his 
brother, George Lowe. She was born 
July 20, 1840. The children of these two 
marriages number seventeen, all living. 
In 1901 some interesting statistics were 
prepared for the genealogy by the com- 
mittee of the family: Orin M. Lowe, 
Waldo H. Lowe and Ellen M. Merriam. 
At that time fourteen of the children were 
married, three single, making thirty-three 
brothers and sisters. All of the family at- 
tend the Congregational church. The 
family has an annual gathering on the 
Fourth of July and has a regular business 
organization with constitution and offi- 
cers. Children of John and Sarah (Mead) 
Lowe : Ellen Maria, Edna Mary, Waldo 
Hawes, Ira Adelbert, Albert Nathaniel, 
Arthur Houghton, Orin Messinger, Lewis 
Mead, Herbert G., Ida Louisa, Frank E., 
George Russell. Children of John and 
Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, all born in 
Fitchburg: David, Harriet Lydia, Sam- 
uel Hawes, John Adams, Marian Abbie. 
(VIII) Seth Lyman Lowe, fifth son of 
David (3) and Louisa Adeline (Messin- 
ger) Lowe, was born in Fitchburg, July 
22, 1835. He attended the old district 
school at Pearl hill and later the acad- 
emy at Rindge, New Hampshire. He was 


associated with his brother John A. for a 
time at Rindge. At the age of twenty- 
one he went to Whittaker, Michigan, 
where he remained two years, and then 
returned to Fitchburg to marry. He re- 
turned with his bride and bought a farm 
in Michigan. His buildings were burned 
after he had worked for a couple of years 
on his farm, and finding life in a shanty 
uncongenial he returned to Fitchburg, in 
September, 1864, and went to live in the 
old homestead, where he is still living 
with his children and grandchildren. 
Since then he has carried on the farm 
which is one of the most profitable in that 
section. In addition to his farm, Mr. 
Lowe has dealt extensively in lumber. 
He is a member of the Calvinistic Con- 
gregational Church. He married, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1857, Susan Rebecca Vose, born 
June 15, 1836, sister of Amelia Vose, who 
married David S. Lowe, and daughter of 
ex-Mayor William H. Vose. Children: i. 
Frederic Hervey, born January 11, i860, 
in Whittaker; married Florence Lovell, 
born August 26, 1856, at North Adams. 
2. Susan Amelia, born at Whittaker, June 
14, 1862; married, September 17, 1900, 
Percival R. Bowers. 3. Eugene Francis, 
born at Fitchburg, July 11, 1864; he is a 
successful market gardener; he married 
(first) June 13, 1888, Myrta Maynard, 
born January 13, 1866, at Rockford, Illi- 
nois, died February 15, 1899; ^^^Y went 
to live with his father in the spacious old 
homestead on Pearl hill ; he married (sec- 
ond) June I, 1900, Milley Willis, born at 
Templeton, Massachusetts, January 28, 
1872, daughter of Aaron Sawyer Willis, 
born December 16, 1822, descendant of 
Thomas Sawyer and his wife, Mary (Pres- 
cott) Sawyer ; her mother was Louise E. 
(Blodgett) Willis, born May 7, 1833, died 
May 19, 1898; he is a member of the Cal- 
vinistic Congregational Church, and is a 
Republican in politics; children of first 


marriage: Harold Maynard, born in 
Fitchburg, October ii, 1889; Percival Eu- 
gene, September 15, 1891. 4. Qara Luella, 
born at Fitchburg, October 7, 1867. 5. 
Annie Louisa, born at Fitchburg, Novem- 
ber 29, 1871, died September 20, 1874. 

(IX) Ellen Maria Lowe, eldest child of 
John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was bom 
in the old homestead on Pearl hill, Fitch- 
burg, April 30, 1847. She attended school 
at Rindge, New Hampshire, and Fitch- 
burg, entering the Fitchburg high school 
at the head of a class of one hundred. 
At the age of eighteen she began to teach 
school at Lunenburg. At the time her 
mother died she was called upon to nurse 
her father, mother and five brothers, who 
had typhoid fever at the same time. She 
married, July 16, 1868, Lyman Wheeler 
Merriam, who was born March 31, 1844, 
in Fitchburg. He is a professional inven- 
tor, having sixteen patents and having 
constructed many useful machines. He 
has been engaged in the manufacture of 
milk bottle caps, using machines invented 
by him. The name of the firm is Merriam 
Manufacturing Company, and George O. 
Allen is his partner. Children: i. Sarah 
Abbie, born in Fitchburg, August 9, 1869 ; 
married, 1890, J. L. Harrington, in Lunen- 
burg; children: Lewis, born 1892; Ruth 
L., 1893; Carl R., 1896; Harold L., 1898. 
2. Frederic, born in Fitchburg, August 

2, 1870, died in Worcester, April 23, 1872. 

3. Louisa Adeline, born in Holden, Au- 
gust 21, 1872, died September 22, 1890, 
in Fitchburg. 4. Alice Edna, born in 
Fitchburg, November 25, 1874, belonged 
to the class of 1895, in Fitchburg high 
school ; married, April, 1904, Charles Nut- 
ting, of Leominster, a farmer; children: 
John Lyman, born June i, 1905 ; Charles 
Edward, August 16, 1906; Henry Allen, 
April 28, 1908. 5. John, born in Jaffrey, 
New Hampshire, July 9, 1876, died April 
13, 1898; entered class of 1895 in Fitch- 


burg high school; joined the RoUstone 
church in 1890. 6. Edith Augusta, bom 
in JafFrey, March 5, 1878, entered class of 
1897 in Fitchburg high school. 7. Lizzie 
Maria, born in Winchendon, Massachu- 
setts, September 27, 1880; graduated from 
the Fitchburg high school in 1898; mar- 
ried, July 7, 1905, Rosser Adams Malone, 
Jr.; children: Rosser Adams Malone, 
3rd, born October 6, 1906; Lyman Mer- 
riam, October 20, 1907 ; Clifton Frederic, 
July 21, 1912. 8. Clifton Harris, born in 
Winchendon, December 30, 1883, entered 
the Fitchburg high school in class of 1902. 
9. Henry Mead, bom in Fitchburg, Sep- 
tember II, 1885, died August 5, 1887. 

(IX) Edna Mary Lowe, second daugh- 
ter of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born May 3, 1848, in Fitchburg. She 
was graduated from the Fitchburg high 
school in 1867 in a class of four girls, the 
second class to receive diplomas, Franklin 
G. Fessenden, of Greenfield, being the 
sole graduate of 1866, a unique distinc- 
tion. She taught school in Fitchburg and 
West Acton, Massachusetts, Rochester, 
New Hampshire, and Key West, Florida. 
She married, February 22, 1883, James 
Edward Putnam. He was born in Fitch- 
burg, July 22, 1845, son of James P. and 
Susan Abigail (Upton) Putnam. He 
crossed the Isthmus of Panama in 1864, 
and returned across the continent in 1866. 
He built six hundred miles of the Union 
Pacific Railroad. He was overseer of the 
county jail at Fitchburg one year in 1868- 
69, and turnkey there until October, 1877. 
He was alderman from ward four in 1899. 
He lives at the old Putnam homestead 
and has one of the finest farms in the 
county. Child, Helen Edna, born in 
Fitchburg, August 8, 1885, entered Fitch- 
burg high school, class of 1902, Lincoln 
College, 1906; married, June 18, 1910, 
Robert Tilton Kingsbury; child, Robert 
Putnam, born March 8, 1913. Mr. Put- 


nam's first wife was Ellen Brown, whom 
he married in 1870; she died in 1881. 
They had one son, Frank, born 1873, ^^^^ 

(IX) Waldo Hawes Lowe, eldest son 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born in Fitchburg, May 8, 1849. He at- 
tended the Fitchburg public schools and 
entered the high school in 1862. After 
three years there he took a course in 
Bryant & Stratton's Business College, 
Boston. He worked at home for his 
father until March, 1870, when he went 
into partnership with A. & O. Mead & 
Company in the meat business, in 
Brighton and Boston. In November, 
1870, the project having been given up in 
Brighton, he started a market in the store 
under the Universalist church, Fitchburg, 
which he carried on with good success 
until June, 1872, when, with his brother, 
Ira A., he bought his father's business. 
The firm name was W. H. & I. A. Lowe 
& Company. In August, 1879, ^^ went 
to work for G. F. Swift & Company, Chi- 
cago, Illinois, and in the following July 
was located at Milwaukee, representing 
the Swift Company, but in a short time 
was made outside foreman at Chicago. 
He worked here days, nights and Sundays 
for four years. He passed through the 
big strike of 1880, working every day, 
also the switchmen's strike in 1882, when 
Swift's house was the only stockyard to 
work all through the strike, and he hardly 
left the slaughter house day or night for 
three years. In June, 1883, ^^ moved to 
Cheyenne, Wyoming, where his brother 
Ira A. had preceded him the year before. 
Here, with others, he started and success- 
fully conducted the Wyoming Meat Com- 
pany. He suffered with the others in 
1886 when the failure of the cattle indus- 
try ruined nearly every industry in that 
section of the country. He removed to 
Omaha, Nebraska, in May, 1887, and 

worked there for Hammond & Company, 
for two years, when he went into the re- 
tail meat business with Adam Snyder for 
partner. After a short time he left to 
take a position with Cuadhy & Company. 
In June, 1891, he decided to return east 
to look for a business opening at Beverly, 
Massachusetts, but finally decided to 
enter a new line of business. He learned 
to make paper and after a short time be- 
came superintendent of the Falulah Paper 
Company, at Fitchburg, where he has 
since remained. He is a member of the 
Congregational church. He married, 
February 13, 1872, Mary Louisa Whit- 
comb, of Fitchburg. She was born March 
27, 185 1, in Marlboro, New Hampshire, 
died February 26, 1909, daughter of Al- 
bert S. and Martha Abigail (Willis) 
Whitcomb. Children: i. Bessie Edna, 
born November 25, 1872, died August 3, 
1873. 2. Bertie, born May 7, 1875, died 
June 23, 1875. 3. Mattie Louisa, born 
July 31, 1876; graduated from Fitchburg 
high school, 1895 ; married, March 13, 
1909, Reid Nelson Radford; children: 
Stewart Waldo, born September 20, 1910 ; 
Arthur Lowe, December 20, 191 1. 4. 
Florence Josephine, born April 22, 1878, 
in Fitchburg; graduated from Fitchburg 
high school in 1896, State Normal School 
in 1898, and from the four-year course in 
1900; taught school in Montclair, New 
Jersey. 5. Gertrude Whitcomb, born 
May 16, 1880, in Keene, New Hampshire ; 
graduated from the Fitchburg high school 
in 1898; policy clerk and stenographer 
for the Mutual Fire Insurance Company 
of Fitchburg; married, June 7, 1904, 
Harry Emerson Rogers, of Fitchburg; 
child, Rowland, born August 17, 1905. 6. 
Albert Waldo, born June 11, 1882, in Chi- 
cago, died February 25, 1885, in Chicago. 
7. Lorena May, born October 17, 1884, 
in Cheyenne, Wyoming; graduate of 
Fitchburg high school, 1902, and Fitch- 



burg Normal School, 1904-05; married, 
September 10, 1913, Morley Charles Han- 
cock; child, Waldo Lowe, bom July 15, 
1914. 8. Willis Mead, bom August 10, 
1896, in South Fitchburg, died August 31, 

(IX) Ira Adelbert Lowe, second son 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born October 13, 1850, in Fitchburg. He 
attended the public schools and for one 
year Bryant & Stratton's Commercial 
College, Boston. He was for a time with 
his brothers in the wholesale provision 
business in Fitchburg, then went to Chey- 
enne, Wyoming, and was connected with 
the Snow & Lowe Cattle Companies and 
Wyoming Meat Company as president. 
About 1887 he removed to Chicago, and 
in 1888 returned to Massachusetts. He 
was in Boston two years in business, then 
removed to Greenfield, where he has since 
been very successful in raising sheep. He 
married, June 19, 1884, at Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, Annie Marie Stone, 
daughter of Jasper and Mary Patten 
(Swett) Stone. She is a member of the 
Second Advent Church. He joined the 
Calvinistic Congregational Church in 
1866. They have one child, Beatrice, bom 
November 29, 1888, in Charlestown, Mas- 

(IX) Albert Nathaniel Lowe, third son 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born in Rindge, New Hampshire, March 
12, 1852. He received a common school 
education with six months in the Bryant 
& Stratton Commercial College, Boston. 
He was in the wholesale meat and provi- 
sion business with his brothers until 1886, 
and then began the manufacture of paper 
in South Fitchburg under the name of 
Falulah Paper Company. He began in a 
small building in a small way, but by 
patience and perseverance has built up 
to its present capacity the mills which 
produce twenty-five to thirty tons of 

paper daily. He has served the city as 
councilman in 1879. He has been direc- 
tor of the Safety Fund National Bank 
since February, 1897. He is a member 
and officer of the Rollstone Congrega- 
tional Church. He married, October 28, 
1879, *t Fitchburg, Emma Rebecca Pal- 
mer. She was born December 17, 1854, 
daughter of Dr. Thomas and Charlotte 
(Fiske) Palmer. The annual reunion of 
the Lowe Family Circle has been held 
for many years in Dr. Palmer's Grove at 
Notown. She graduated at the Fitchburg 
high school in 1873. She is a member of 
the Calvinistic Congregational Church. 
Children: i. Erving Fiske, born May 8, 
1881 ; graduate of Fitchburg high school, 
1899, Harvard Dental School, 1902, prac- 
ticing; married, June i, 1904, Maude 
Ethel Lowell, of Allston, Boston, Massa- 
chusetts; children: Walter Albert, bom 
April 21, 1905; Marjorie Palmer, July 7, 
1908. 2. Ernest Palmer, bom May 8, 
1881 ; graduate of high school, 1899, left 
Amherst College after one year to enter 
the paper mill and learn the business; 
married, September 6, 1905, Mary Sylvia 
Olmstead, of Fitchburg ; children : Albert 
Nelson, born August 26, 1908; Virginia, 
March 31, 1912, died September 24, 1912. 
3. Joseph Albert, born January 20, 1883 ; 
graduate of high school, 1900, and Amr 
herst College, 1904; married, June 15, 
1912, Anna Fremont Kimball. 4. Ralph 
Putnam, born February 4, 1887; gradu- 
ate of high school, 1903. 5. Guy Russell, 
born April 17, 1888; graduate of high 
school, 1902. 6. Charlotte Emma, born 
January 10, 1891. 

(IX) Arthur Houghton Lowe, fourth 
son of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born in Rindge, New Hampshire, August 
20, 1853. He was educated in the Fitch- 
burg public schools. He was associated 
with his brothers in the meat business 
for a few years. In 1879 he went into 



partnership with his father-in-law, John 
Parkhill, and Thomas R. B. Dole, to 
manufacture cotton goods. The build- 
ings long owned and operated as a chair 
factory by Hon. Alonzo Davis were pur- 
chased. The firm began operations in 
December, 1879, with thirty looms weav- 
ing colored cotton goods. The business 
was incorporated in 1881 with a capital 
of $100,000. Since then the business has 
grown wonderfully. It is by far the larg- 
est cotton manufacturing establishment 
in the city. In 1882 an addition thirty-five 
by one hundred and thirty-five feet, two 
stories high, was built. In 1883 a third 
story was added. In the next two years 
another building fifty-five by one hundred 
and fifty feet, three stories high, and a 
new engine house were built. In 1887 ^ 
new dye house fifty-five by one hundred 
and forty feet, two stories high, was built 
and the plant of the Fitchburg Woolen 
Mill Company purchased. The company 
now operates about four thousand looms 
and employs one thousand two hundred 
hands, producing in 1905 about thirty-six 
million yards of cloth. Mr. Lowe is man- 
ager and treasurer. Mr. Parkhill was 
president from the incorporation. Mr. 
Lowe organized the Cleghorn Cotton Mill 
in Fitchburg in 1885 with a capital of 
$100,000. This mill was absorbed by the 
Parkhill Company in 1889, and the capital 
of the Parkhill Manufacturing Company 
made $300,000. Mr. Lowe was the treas- 
urer. The mill employed two hundred 
hands. The Parkhill mills are now the 
third largest of their kind in the country. 
The great success of this enterprise is to 
a large extent the cause of the develop- 
ment and growth of Fitchburg in the past 
twenty-five years. Mr. Lowe is also in- 
terested in the Grant Yam Mills. He 
was instrumental in securing the location 
in Fitchburg of the car shops of the Fitch- 
burg Railroad, the Orswell Mills, the 

Mitchell Manufacturing Company, and 
other manufacturing industries. In 1900 
Mr. Lowe, with Mr. J. Harper Poor and 
Mr. Charles L. Poor, of New York, and 
Mr. George P. Grant, of Fitchburg, organ- 
ized the Lowe Manufacturing Company 
of Huntsville, Alabama. This company 
is now running twenty-six thousand spin- 
dles and two hundred and forty looms on 
fine yarns and colored goods, the finest 
made in the South. In 1903 he became 
a partner in the firm of J. Harper Poor & 
Company, dry goods commission mer- 
chants in New York. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the Fitchburg National Bank and 
a director of the Fitchburg Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company ; he is also a director 
in the Factory Mutual Fire Insurance 
Companies of Boston. He is a trustee of 
the Baldwinville Hospital Cottages for 
Children, Gushing Academy of Ashburn- 
ham, Murdock School Fund at Winchen- 
don, and of the Fitchburg Savings Bank. 
Mr. Lowe has been president of the New 
England Cotton Manufacturers Associa- 
tion and of the American Cotton Manu- 
facturing Association of the South. He 
is a member of the Fay Club, and was a 
member of the Fitchburg Athletic Club ; 
he is also a member of the Merchants' 
Club in New York City. He is an active 
member of the Calvinistic Congregational 
Church. Mr. Lowe has been president of 
the Fitchburg Board of Trade, and repre- 
sentative to many trade conventions. He 
has been active in the Republican party 
and in municipal affairs. He was alder- 
man in 1888 and mayor in 1893. He de- 
clined a reelection on account of the pres- 
sure of private business. Three school 
houses and two fire stations were erected 
under his administration as mayor. One 
of the grade crossings was eliminated and 
various other public works projected. He 
was a persistent worker for the establish- 
ment of the State Normal School in Fitch- 



burg. He was a member of the gov- 
ernor's council from the Worcester coun- 
ty district for 1903 and 1904, serving with 
Governor John L. Bates. He is a member 
of the Massachusetts Republican Club 
and of the Home Market Club. He is a 
steadfast Republican and a firm believer 
in the tariff policy of the party. He was 
the delegate from his congressional dis- 
trict to the Republican national conven- 
tion in Philadelphia in 1900. He married, 
December 11, 1878, at North Adams, 
Massachusetts, Annie Elizabeth Parkhill. 
She was born February 15, 1857, in Belvi- 
dere, Illinois, daughter of John and Mar- 
garet (Cleghorn) Parkhill. She joined 
the church at the age of fifteen. She was 
a graduate of Westfield State Normal 
School in 1877. Children: i. Russell 
Bryant, born February 4, 1880; graduate 
of the Fitchburg high school in 1898, and 
of the Massachusetts Institute of Techno- 
logy in 1902; married, April 30, 1909, 
Nathelie Corwith Wells; child, Nathelie 
Wells, born January 3, 191 1. 2. Annie 
Margaret, born November 21, 1885 ; grad- 
uate of Fitchburg high school in 1902, and 
of Smith College in 1906; married, June 
II, 1907, Edgar William Cornell; chil- 
dren: Edgar William, born March 11, 
1908; Arthur Lowe, October 18, 1913. 3. 
Rachel Parkhill, born May 12, 1889 ; edu- 
cated at Fitchburg high school and Briar- 
cliff school on the Hudson ; married, June 
25, 1908, Gerard Barnes Lambert; chil- 
dren: Rachel Lowe, born August 9, 1910; 
Gerard Barnes, September 18, 1912 ; Lilly, 
September 3, 1914. 

(IX) Orin Messinger Lowe, fifth son 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
bom in Fitchburg, April 18, 1855. He 
was educated in the public schools. At 
the age of eighteen he went to California 
in the clipper ship "Mary L. Stone" 
around the Cape. A year later he re- 
turned and went to work for his brothers 

in the meat business. In 1880 he went to 
Chicago to work for G. F. Swift, but later 
in the year returned to Fitchburg and be- 
came associated with Lowe Brothers & 
Company. As the other brothers have 
gradually left the company he has be- 
come the head of the concern. He is a 
Republican and has served in many city 
and State conventions. He was a coun- 
cilman of Fitchburg in 1889, and an alder- 
man in 1900 and 1906, and president of 
the board the latter year. He belongs to 
the Odd Fellows order. He married, Oc- 
tober 30, 1879, at Lunenburg, Massachu- 
setts, Florence Allisia Webber, born in 
Fitchburg, May 19, 1859, daughter of 
George H. and Sarah Jane (Smith) Web- 
ber. She is gifted with musical talents. 
Children: i. Grace Albro, bom Septemr 
ber 18, 1880 ; graduate of Fitchburg high 
school in 1899 and of Mt. Holyoke Col- 
lege, 1903; married, February 28, 191 1, 
Algernon Percival Broadhead. 2. Irene 
May, born May 4, 1884, graduate of Fitch- 
burg high school, 1902 ; married, June 26, 
1907, Richard Haskal Hitchcock; child, 
Ruth, born June 27, 1910. 3. Porter Web- 
ber, born February 25, 1887; married, 
February 15, 1912, Hazel Marian Ama- 
zeen; child, Bunton Webber, born Janu- 
ary 20, 1914. 4. Rodney Messinger, born 
January 16, 1890. 

(IX) Lewis Mead Lowe, sixth son of 
John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was born 
in Fitchburg, March 11, 1857. He was 
educated in the public schools of Fitch- 
burg, and worked for his brothers until 
he was twenty-one, when he went to 
Whittaker, Michigan, and worked for 
Webster Childs. He returned to work 
for his brothers and after a time went to 
Chicago for Swift & Company, where he 
became foreman. He went to Cheyenne 
when his brothers were in business there, 
1884, and was foreman for the Wyoming 
Meat Company for three years. He 



owned the first meat cart in Cheyenne 
and found it profitable until the bad times 
drove so many people away. He returned 
to his native place again and worked for 
the old firm until January i, 1892, when 
he sold his interest in the firm and bought 
the farm in Lunenburg, where he has 
since resided. He married, in Cheyenne, 
Wyoming, Lurilla Whipple, born May 3, 
1865, in Marion, Iowa, daughter of Daniel 
F. and Irene A. (Boynton) Whipple. She 
joined the Baptist church in Cheyenne, 
1883. She was educated in the public 
schools of Marion and Nevada, Iowa, and 
Cheyenne, Wyoming. She kept books 
for her father until his death, April, 1884. 
She was typewritist and school teacher 
until her marriage. Children: i. Lillian 
Whipple, born in Cheyenne, May 8, 1887 ; 
graduate of the Fitchburg high school, 
1904; married, March 5, 1908, John Henry 
Kaseburg; children: John Lewis, born 
June 14, 1909; Barre Snow, July 11, 1910; 
Gilbert Lowe, October 16, 1912; William 
Frederic, August 17, 1914. 2. Lowell 
Mead, bom in Lunenburg, November 30, 
1894, died December 18, 1904. 3. Leland 
Ethemore, born July 12, 1901. 4. Doro- 
thy Whipple, born April 11, 1904. 

(IX) Herbert G. Lowe, seventh son of 
John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was born 
in Fitchburg, March 27, 1859. He was 
educated in the public schools of his 
native town and for three months attend- 
ed the commercial college in Boston. He 
learned the trade of dyer in the mill of the 
Johnson Manufacturing Company of 
North Adams, and in 1880 commenced 
work for the Parkhill Manufacturing 
Company, where he remained until 1889, 
when he became one of the owners of the 
Falulah Paper Company. He served the 
city as councilman in 1890. He married. 
May 24, 1888, at Delavan, Illinois, Mary 
Adelaide Vaughn, born there, April i, 
i860, daughter of William E. and Susan 

(Brendorff) Vaughn. She is a graduate 
of the Conservatory of Music. 

(IX) Ida Louisa Lowe, third daughter 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born in Fitchburg, April 26, 1861. She 
attended the public schools, leaving the 
high school after two years in 1878 to 
study at the State Normal School at 
Framingham, Massachusetts. She taught 
school at Rindge, New Hampshire, in 
1880. She married, December 14, 1880, 
Rev. Ezra Jackson Riggs, born in Boston, 
December 11, 1846. He enlisted October 
I, 1861, in Company E, Twenty-eighth 
Massachusetts Infantry, and reenlisted in 
the field, January i, 1864, serving until 
June 30, 1865. He was sergeant of his 
company when mustered out. He again 
enlisted August 12, 1867, and served two 
years. He was wounded in the battle of 
Cold Harbor. He entered the Andover 
Theological Seminary in September, 1876, 
to prepare for the ministry and graduated 
in 1879. He became pastor of the Con- 
gregational church at Rindge, New 
Hampshire. After four years he returned 
to the seminary for another year of study. 
He became pastor of the church at East 
Jaffrey, New Hampshire, and has since 
worked in the western field and at Prov- 
incetown, Massachusetts. Children: !• 
Nelson Francis, born in Rindge, died 
there September 18, 1882. 2. Christine 
Louisa, born July 6, 1889, in Fitchburg; 
married, June 14, 191 1, Clinton Wash- 

(IX) Frank E. Lowe, eighth son of 
John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was born 
in Fitchburg, January 15, 1864. He at- 
tended the public schools until the spring 
of 1879, when he left to enter the employ 
of Ira A. Lowe & Company in the meat 
business. In August, 1880, he went to 
Chicago for Swift & Company, but re- 
turned to Fitchburg the following year 
to become bookkeeper and salesman for 



his brothers^ firm. In March, 1884, he 
went to Wyoming and worked for a meat 
company and on the ranches of his broth- 
ers there. He returned to Fitchburg in 
1885, and in April, 1886, formed the part- 
nership with Orin M. and Arthur H. Lowe, 
his brothers, under the name of Lowe 
Bros. & Company, wholesale produce and 
provision commission merchants and 
agents for Swift & Company. When the 
branch house was opened by the company 
in Greenfield, Massachusetts, in April, 
1887, he took charge of it and remained 
there until 1891, when he became a part- 
ner in the Falulah Paper Company and 
traveled for the firm until 1893, when his 
health failed. He returned to Greenfield 
and took charge until the business was 
sold in 1896 to Swift & Company, where- 
upon he became interested in street rail- 
way enterprises. He was one of the in- 
corporators and first president of the 
Greenfield & Turners Falls Street Rail- 
way Company and was made general 
manager in 1898. He has become inter- 
ested in various other street railways in 
the New England States and Pennsyl- 
vania. He married, September 26, 1900, 
Martha (Stone) Towle, widow, sister of 
Annie M. (Stone) Lowe, the wife of Ira 
A. Lowe. 

(IX) George Russell Lowe, ninth son 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born in Fitchburg, July 11, 1865. He 
attended the public schools of his native 
town. He went to work first for Lowe 
Brothers & Company. In 1887 he went 
to Gardner and has since been the repre- 
sentative for Swift & Company there. He 
was elected director and vice-president 
of the Gardner Bank in 1895. He has 
been a delegate to many State conven- 
tions, but has declined office. He mar- 
ried, January 16, 1889, at Gardner, Mary 
Elizabeth Marshall, bom July 7, 1862, in 
Mendon, Vermont, daughter of George 


W. and Sarah Elizabeth (Brick) Mar- 
shall. Children, bom in Gardner, Massa- 
chusetts: Bertha, January 3, 1890, died 
October 23, 1890; Kenneth Marshall, July 

30f 1899- 

(IX) David Lowe, tenth son of John 

Lowe and eldest child of his second wife, 
Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, was bom in 
Fitchburg, June 23, 1867. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native 
town, graduating from the high school 
in 1885. He went to work first for his 
brother, Albert N. Lowe, then the head 
of I. A. Lowe & Company, in the meat 
business. He went to the Parkhill Manu- 
facturing Company, December 21, 1885, 
and learned the business thoroughly. He 
is now assistant superintendent of mills 
A. and B., Mr. Parkhill being the gen- 
eral superintendent. He has been an 
active member of the Rollstone Congre- 
gational Church since 1885. He was as- 
sistant superintendent of the Sunday 
school. He has been church treasurer 
since 1898 and also been collector for a 
number of years. He is a life member of 
the American Seaman's Friend Society 
and of the American Missionary Associa- 
tion. He is a director of the Fitchburg 
Cooperative Bank, a member of the New 
England Cotton Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion, Fitchburg Historical Society and 
the Young Men's Christian Association. 
He is a Republican and has served a 
number of years on the Republican 
city committee. He married, June i, 
1892, Grace Isabelle Doten, bom in 
Boston, December 4, 1866, and is the fifth 
generation of the lineal descendants of 
Edward Doten and his wife Faith (Clark) 
Doten. Mr. Doten came in the "May- 
flower" to Plymouth and was one of the 
signers of the Compact. She was edu- 
cated in private and public schools in 
Boston and Fitchburg, and graduated 
from the Fitchburg high school in 1886. 


She is an active member of Rollstone 
Congregational Church. Children: i. 
Eleanor, born April 7, 1893, died Decem- 
ber 17, 1894. 2. Frances Helen, born Feb- 
ruary I, 1897. 3. Katherine, born Febru- 
ary 8, 1906. 4. David, twin of Katherine, 
died July 12, 1906. 

(IX) Harriet Lydia Lowe, fourth daugh- 
ter of John Lowe and second child of his 
second wife, Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, 
was born in Fitchburg, April 15, 1870. She 
is a graduate of the high school, class of 
1889, and was a school teacher in Fitch- 
burg. She married, July 12, 1891, Wil- 
liam Hamilton Wright, born October 17, 
1865, in Clinton, Massachusetts. He at- 
tended the public schools of Fitchburg. 
He is a machinist by trade and resides at 
Hyde Park. Children: i. Wilma Harriet, 
boirn in Fitchburg, July 24, 1892. 2. 
Eunice Cummings, born August i, 1894, 
in Fitchburg. 3. Martha Hamilton, born 
November 2, 1903. 

(IX) Samuel Hawes Lowe, eleventh son 
of John Lowe and third child of his second 
wife, Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, was born 
in Fitchburg, October 22, 1873. He was 
educated in the public schools of his 
native city. He left the high schools be- 
fore graduation to take a position in 
Safety Fund National Bank, and has been 
promoted to paying teller. He is a mem- 
ber of the Rollstone Congregational 
Church, and has served the Sunday school 
as secretary for several years, and treas- 
urer of the parish. He is a Free Mason, 
a member of the Merchants' Association. 
He is an active Republican. Personally 
Mr. Lowe is very popular. He married, 
September 7, 1904, Lucy E. Bennett, 
daughter of Charles and Elizabeth Ben- 
nett, of Fitchburg. 

(IX) John Adams Lowe, twelfth son 
of John Lowe and fourth child of his sec- 
ond wife, Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, was 
born in Fitchburg, August 27, 1881. He 

is a graduate of the high school, class of 
1899, and of Williams College, 1906. 

(IX) Marian Abbie Lowe, youngest 
child of John and Mary A. (Russell) 
Lowe, was born November 30, 1883. She 
is a graduate of the high school, class of 
1901, and of the Fitchburg Normal School, 
class of 1905. She is a member of Roll- 
stone Church. She married, September 
7, 1912, Fred Wheeler Osgood, and has 
one child, Carolyn Russell, bom June 29, 

DONOVAN, Thomas Roach, 

In the last century much of the de- 
velopment of the United States is due to 
the infusion of European blood among 
its citizens. The keen witted, alert and 
industrious Irishman has rapidly forged 
his way to the front in the professions, 
in politics and in various fields of worthy 
endeavor. The race has been conspicu- 
ously successful among lawyers and phy- 
sicians, and the family at present under 
consideration is no exception to that rule. 

(I) Michael H. Donovan, born in 1804, 
in Ireland, died in Nova Scotia in 1903, 
about ninety-nine years of age. He grew 
to manhood in his native place, and soon 
after attaining his majority sought the 
larger opportunities afforded by the west- 
ern continent. He was possessed of am- 
bition, coupled with executive ability, and 
very soon after his arrival in Boston, 
Massachusetts, he laid the foundation of 
a successful business career. Within a 
few years he engaged in the wholesale 
grocery business, in which he continued 
for nearly half a century, with remarkable 
success. During this time he was classed 
among Boston's most successful business 
men, active, public-spirited and progres- 
sive. He was of genial and affable nature 
and drew about him a large circle of 



friends. His was among the first Cath- 
olic families to settle in Boston, and he 
was active in promotion of the welfare of 
his church. He was twice married. 

(II) Dr. Samuel Michael Donovan, son 
of Michael H. Donovan, was born in 1852, 
in Boston, Massachusetts, and died in 
Quincy, same State, February 18, 1894. 
He was educated in the Boston public 
schools, and afterward entered Harvard 
Medical School, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1879, with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. Following his graduation 
he settled in the practice of his profession 
at Quincy, Massachusetts, where he de- 
voted his life and his powers to his work 
as a physician, in which he achieved un- 
usual success. For twelve years he was 
city physician of Quincy, and was for a 
long time medical examiner for the New 
York Life Insurance Company. He was 
a devoted Catholic, and a consistent sup- 
porter of the Democratic party in politics. 
His standing in the profession is indi- 
cated by his membership in the Norfolk 
Medical Society, Massachusetts Medical 
Society, and American Medical Associa- 
tion. He was also a member of the For- 
esters of America and the Ancient Order 
of Hibernians. He married Mercides 
Welsh, born May, 1856, in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, daughter of Thomas 
Welsh, died July 2, 1895, in Quincy. Her 
mother was a noted soprano soloist and 
also her sister, Elizabeth Welsh, who be- 
came the wife of Dr. Bullard, of Harrison 
Square, Massachusetts, director of St, 
James' choir. Another sister, Annetta, 
was a contralto soloist at the Church of 
the Immaculate Conception, Boston, 
after the latter's death. All of the family 
were noted for musical talent, and one of 
the relatives, Michael Cross, was the first 
to bring out Handel and Hayden music in 
America. His bust occupies a place in 
the Hall of Fame at Philadelphia. Mer- 

cides (Welsh) Donovan was educated at 
the Convent of the Visitation at George- 
town, District of Columbia, and removed 
with her family to Boston, in 1874. There 
she became contralto soloist at the 
Church of the Immaculate Conception, of 
which Rev. Robert Fulton was rector. 
She was also contralto soloist of the 
Apollo Club of Boston, under direction of 
J. B. Lang, and in 1877 sang for the Circle 
French Society at Harvard Club in 
"Madam Butterfly." Children of Dr. 
Samuel M. and Mercides (Welsh) Dono- 
van: I. and 2. John and Paul, died in in- 
fancy. 3. Sanuiel M., Jr., born in 1886, in 
Quincy; was educated in the public 
schools of Quincy, the Adams School and 
the Adams Academy of that town, from 
which he graduated; he also graduated 
at the Thayer Academy in Braintree, 
Massachusetts, and subsequently attend- 
ed St. Bonaventure College (a Francis- 
can Institution) at Alleghany, New York, 
where he joined the Franciscan Order as 
a novitiate; after spending four years in 
Rome, Italy, he was there ordained to the 
priesthood, and, returning to America, 
was stationed at Washington, D. C, where 
most of his time has since been spent; 
during the past two years he has been sta- 
tioned at Allegany, New York. 4. Thomas 
Roach, mentioned below. 5. Maria De 
Mercides, born August, 1884, in Quincy; 
is a professional nurse, practicing in 
Providence, Rhode Island. 6. Raymond, 
born September, 1885, in Quincy; now 
resides in Brockton, Massachusetts. 7. 
Edwin Charles, born in 1886, in Quincy; 
resides in the West. 

(Ill) Dr. Thomas Roach Donovan, 
fourth son of Dr. Samuel M. and Mer- ♦ 
cides (Welsh) Donovan, was born Sep- 
tember II, 1882, in Quincy, where he at- 
tended the public school, the Adams 
School and the Quincy high school. For 
several years he was employed by the 



Western Union Telegraph Company as 
an operator, and by saving his earnings 
he was enabled to pursue a college course. 
In 1909 he graduated from Tufts Medical 
College, with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine, bearing a considerable portion 
of his college expenses by working for the 
Western Union Telegraph Company at 
the same time he pursued his studies. 
After graduation he spent one year as 
house officer at the Burbank Hospital in 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and in 191 1 he 
opened an office in that city, where he has 
continued in successful practice, with 
growing popularity. He is a member of 
the Greek Society of Tufts Medical Col- 
lege, Phi Theta Chi, a faithful adherent 
of the Roman Catholic church, and politi- 
cally a Democrat. He is a member of the 
Worcester North Medical Society, Mas- 
sachusetts Medical Society, American 
Medical Society, and of the Knights of 

HALL, Franklin Shepard, 

This family inherits from many gen- 
erations of ancestry the Yankee propen- 
sity for business activity, and the sound 
mind, body and principles necessary to 
usefulness in the world. The name is 
one of the oldest in America, and was 
established at several points in New Eng- 
land at almost simultaneous dates. The 
origin of the name has been the subject 
of much speculation among its bearers, 
and three probable sources are mentioned. 
The most probable is the fact that baro- 
nial seats in England were almost always 
called Halls, with some title annexed. 
When men were obliged to take sur- 
names, many took the name of their 
estates, and thus many names were made 
to end with Hall. The Norman or Anglo- 
Saxon usage, "de la Hall" (translated, of 

the Hall), accounts for most of the occa- 
sions where this became a surname, with- 
out doubt. One authority attributes it to 
the Welsh word for salt, which would be 
attached to a worker in salt or dweller 
near a salt mine. Again, it is traced to 
the Norwegian word for hero, which is 
hallr, the last letter being silent and only 
indicative of the nominative case. As the 
Norwegians overran England at one time, 
many of their words found their way into 
the language. Hallett is a dimunitive of 
Hall, and was probably given to a 
dwarfed or younger son, only the eldest 
son being entitled to the patronymic in 
earliest usage. 

(I) George Hall, born about 1600, 
came from Devonshire, England, to 
America as early as 1637, when he ap- 
pears on the proprietors records of Dux- 
bury, Massachusetts. About that time he 
settled in Taunton, being one of the forty- 
six original proprietors of the first pur- 
chase, which included the present towns 
of Taunton and Berkley, with portions of 
Raynham and Mansfield. He had a 
twelve-acre share lying on both sides of 
the Taunton river, his home being on 
what is now Dean street. This location 
was selected by the original settlers be- 
cause the lands had been previously cul- 
tivated by the Indians. George Hall was 
one df the founders of the town of Taun- 
ton in 1639, propounded as a freeman in 
1643, and admitted in 1645. In the latter 
year he ser\'ed as constable ; was a mem- 
ber of the supervising council in 1657, and 
selectman from 1666 to 1669, in which 
year he died. He was one of the found- 
ers and active supporters of the Pilgrim 
Congregational Church ; one of the stock 
proprietors of the first iron "bloomery," 
of which he was first clerk in 1656, being 
succeeded at his death by his son John. 
He died October 30, 1669, aged about 
sixty-nine years. His wife survived him, 

IIASS-Vol IV-15 



and shared with her sons in the iron 
works, which continued in operation for 
more than two hundred years. He had a 
large estate and divided lands among his 
sons. The destruction by fire of the Taun- 
ton records in 1838 makes difficult the 
establishment of definite records of this 
and many other pioneer families. Chil- 
dren: Charity, born 1634; Sarah; John, 
born 1640; Joseph, mentioned below; 
Samuel, 1644, and Mary. 

(II) Joseph Hall, apparently second 
son of George Hall, was born in 1642, and 
was a tailor, residing in the house in- 
herited from his father on Dean street, 
where he died April 17, 1705. He was a 
large landowner; had fifty-two shares in 
the "South Purchase," a part of the 
"North Purchase," and share in the ifon 
works. He served as constable and sur- 
veyor of highways between 1667 and 
1680, filled various town offices, and was 
an active member of the Pilgrim Church. 
He married Mary, daughter of Nathaniel 
Bjell. Children: Joseph, mentioned be- 
low; Mary, born 1696; Mehitable, 1698; 
Abigail, 1700; Nathaniel, 1702; Nehe- 
miah, 1704. 

(III) Captain Joseph (2) Hall, eldest 
child of Joseph (i) and Mary (Bell) Hall, 
was born in 1694, in Taunton, where he 
died in 1763. He was master of a vessel 
in the coasting trade to New York and 
the West Indies, and dealt largely in land, 
and made a business of loaning money. 
His lengthy will bequeathed, among other 
items, two slaves to his wife. He was 
prominent in the Congregational church. 
He married (first) Elizabeth, daughter of 
James (2) Leonard (son of James Leon- 
ard, who came from PontypoU, Wales, a 
son of Thomas Leonard, of a family long 
identified with the iron works in his 
native country) and his second wife, 
Lydia, daughter of Anthony Gulliver, of 
Milton, Massachusetts, born April 19, 
1694, in Taunton, died 1750. Captain Jo- 

seph Hall married (second) Mrs. Sarah 
(Dean) Williams. Children: Joseph, 
mentioned below; Susanna, married Job 
Tisdale, and Ebenezer, child of second 
wife, born 1754. As above noted, Thomas 
Leonard was an iron manufacturer at 
PontypoU, Monmouthshire, Wales. His 
son, James Leonard, was in Providence, 
Rhode Island, as early as 1645, and in 
Taunton in 1652. He was inspector of 
the iron works at Lynn and Braintree, as 
well as Taunton, and died before 1691. 
He had children: Thomas, born about 
1641 ; James, mentioned below ; Abigail, 
Rebecca, Joseph, Benjamin, Hannah, 
Uriah and John. James (2) Leonard, son 
of James (i) Leonard, was active in the 
iron manufacture at Taunton. His first 
wife Harriet died February 25, 1674, and 
he* married (second) October 25, 1675, 
Lydia, daughter of Anthony Gulliver, of 
Milton. She died July 24, 1705, and he 
had a third wife, Rebecca. Children of 
the first marriage: Eunice, born Novem- 
ber 25, 1668; Prudence, January 24, 1670; 
Hannah, October 2, 1671 ; James, died 
young; children of second marriage: 
James, born May 11, 1677; Lydia, March 
10, 1679; Stephen, December 14, 1680; 
Abigail, March 30, 1683; Nathaniel, 
March 18, 1685; Seth, April 3, 1686; 
Sarah, September 6, 1688 ; Mehitable, Oc- 
tober 24, 1 69 1, and Elizabeth, born, as 
above noted, and became the wife of Cap- 
tain Joseph (2) Hall. 

(IV) Joseph (3) Hall, eldest son of 
Joseph (2) and Elizabeth (Leonard) 
Hall, was born October 12, 1720, in Taun- 
ton, where he died December 31, 1807. 
He resided on a part of the paternal estate 
on Dean street, where he was a farmer, 
also engaged in the grocery business, and 
was deacon of the First Church. He mar- 
ried Mary Andrews, born February 14, 
1724, died December 21, 1814, daughter 
of James Andrews. Children : Peris and 
Mary (twins), bom August 2, 1750; Eliz- 


Tlli ^KW YORK \ 








abcth, February 17, 1752; Josias, men- 
tioned below; Hannah, November 23, 
1755; Sarah, March 2, 1758; Anna, April 

30> 1761. 

(V) Josias Hall, eldest son of Joseph 

(3) and Mary (Andrews) Hall, was born 
April 12, 1754, in Taunton, where he was 
a farmer, residing on the Dean street 
homestead, and was a leading member of 
the First Church of Taunton. He mar- 
ried, December 8, 1791, Susanna An- 
drews, of Norton, Massachusetts, born 
there February 15, 1761, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Sarah (Torrey) Andrews, died 
November 23, 1847. 

(VI) Joseph (4) Hall, only child of 
Josias and Susanna (Andrews) Hall, was 
born April 13, 1801, in Taunton, and was 
master of steamers plying between New 
York, Providence, Newport and Taunton. 
His home was on the Dean street home- 
stead, which had been occupied for five 
successive generations by his ancestors. 
He married, August i, 1824, Sally White, 
of Marshfield, born September 19, 1803, 
died April 16, 1876. Children : Joseph J., 
born May 26, 1825; Sarah, January 11, 
1827; Josias, September 22, 1829; Sus- 
annah, January 4, 1833; Calvin Shepard, 
mentioned below; Edward W., October 
12, 1838; John White, April 25, 1840; 
Martin, January 12, 1843; Frederick M., 
April 6, 1845. The first, third and fourth 
sons rendered long service in the Union 
army during the Civil War, and one died 
at home on the day of his return. 

(VII) Calvin Shepard Hall, third son 
of Joseph (4) and Sarah (Sally) (White) 
Hall, was born August 4, 1835, in Taun- 
ton, and was a shoemaker by occupation, 
which he followed in various places, mak- 
ing custom shoes in Brockton, Worces- 
ter, Taunton, Boston and Weymouth. He 
was a member of the Congregational 
church, and supporter of Republican 
political principles. He married (first) 
Emeline Clapp, and (second) Clara B. 

Lane. Children of the second marriage : 
Franklin Shepard, mentioned below, and 
Emma Ashton, wife of Harry A. Sorrel, 
of Providence. 

(VIII) Franklin Shepard Hall, son of 
Calvin Shepard and Clara B. (Lane) Hall, 
was born December 4, 1870, in East Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, and was educated 
in the schools of Worcester. On leaving 
school he became an apprentice at the 
jewelry trade, with Elmer G. Tucker, of 
Worcester, and was later employed by 
James H. Fairbanks, in the same line at 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts. In the latter 
city he engaged in the jewelry and optical 
business on his own account in 1897, and 
has thus continued to the present time, 
taking an active part in the social life of 
the community, and gaining the esteem 
and confidence of the general public. He 
is an attendant of the Calvinistic Con- 
gregational church, and very actively 
identified with the Masonic fraternity, 
affiliating with Charles W. Moore Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons; Thomas 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Jerusalem 
Commandery, Knights Templar, all of 
Fitchburg; and Hiram Council, Royal 
and Select Masters, of Worcester. He 
has taken both the York and Scottish rite 
degrees; is a member of Rose Croix of 
Worcester, Massachusetts Consistory and 
Aleppo Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, Boston. He 
married, June 30, 1898, Emma Josephine 
Fairbanks, of Fitchburg, daughter of 
James H. and Josephine (Brewer) Fair- 
banks. Children: Josephine, born April 
2, 1901 ; Charlotte, April 14, 1910. 

LASKER, Henry, 

Throughout the length and breadth of 
our country we find men who have 
worked their way from the lowest rung 
of the ladder to positions of eminence and 



power the community, and not the fewest 
of these have been of foreign birth or 
foreign descent. The more credit is due 
them for the additional obstacles they 
have been obliged to overcome, and the 
indomitable courage with which they 
have been possessed. An example in 
point is Henry Lasker, attorney and pub- 
lic-spirited citizen of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts. Unlimited strength is the im- 
pression he conveys, and his entire life 
and the impression are well founded. He 
stands as an able exponent of the spirit 
of the age in his efforts to aid progress 
and improvement, and in the example he 
has set of making the best use of his 
opportunities. Quiet and unostentatious, 
his life conforms to a high standard. His 
activities are numerous, and his kindly 
nature makes him easy of approach. In 
his profession he is a forceful and con- 
vincing speaker, and he has been called 
upon as an orator on numerous public 
occasions of varied nature. He is a son 
of Louis and Leah (Aronson) Lasker, of 
Springfield, the former named having 
been a business man, now retired from 
active pursuits. 

Henry Lasker was born in Russia, July 
15, 1878. The public schools of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, furnished his earlier 
education, and he was graduated from the 
high school. He then continued his 
studies at the University of New York, 
which conferred upon him the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1903, and that of 
Bachelor of Law in 1904. He always 
ranked high in his classes, and in his 
junior year took the first prize for oratory. 
This standing is the more commendable, 
as he was obliged to work his way 
through the university, doing this by 
means of teaching in the evening schools 
of Springfield and New York City. He 
read law in the office of Brooks & Hamil- 
ton, and was admitted to the Hampden 

county bar in 1905. He lost no time in 
opening an office for the practice of his 
profession in Springfield, with which city 
he has always been identified. His 
earnest and reliable conduct of the cases 
entrusted to him soon gained him a large 
clientele, and this has been consistently 
increased as the years have passed on. 
His knowledge of the law is comprehen- 
sive and he marshals his facts in concise 
form and presents them in a convincing 
manner. He is a member of the Massa- 
chusetts and American Bar associations, 
and is a master in chancery. In political 
opinion he is Republican, has served on 
the Republican city councils, three terms 
of two years each as a member of the 
board of aldermen, and was president of 
that body in 1913. He served on the 
Charter Revision Commission, on the 
Municipal Building Commission and the 
City Planning Commission. He is a 
member and for one year served as a 
director of the Springfield Board of 
Trade. His connection with organiza- 
tions is a large and varied one. It is as 
follows: Estoric Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Massachusetts Consis- 
tory, Supreme Princes of the Royal 
Secret; Mellah Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; 
Springfield Lodge, Knights of Pythias; 
De Soto Lodge, No. 155, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows; Economic Club; 
Calhoun Club ; Springfield Country Club ; 
Nyasset Club; Connecticut Valley His- 
torical Society; National Civic League; 
American Academy of Political and So- 
cial Science; National Geographical So- 
ciety ; director of Springfield Baby Feed- 
ing Association; director of the Spring- 
field Boys' Club; was for a number of 
years a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the Springfield Independence 
Day Association, and president of the 
People's Institute. He is chairman of the 



Board of Charities of the Order of B'Nai 
Brith, of District No. i, and in 1915 was 
elected delegate to the National Conven- 
tion of the B'Nai Brith, at San Francisco, 
California. He is president of the Beth 
Al Congregation, also president of United 
Hebrew Charities, and member of ad- 
visory council of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association of Rhode Island and 

Mr. Lasker married, in 1908, Helen R. 
Hirsch, a daughter of Morris Hirsch, of 
Holyoke, Massachusetts. They have one 
child. May Flora. The residence of Mr. 
Lasker is at No. 244 Sumner avenue, 

NICHOLS, Frederic Carleton. 

For many generations the Nichols 
family has resided in New England, ex- 
emplifying that type of citizenship which 
leads in national growth and progress, 
energetic, intellectual, guided by high 
ideals. Several of the name through dif- 
ferent generations have oflFered their 
services to their country in time of peril, 
prominent among these having been Gen- 
eral Moses Nichols, whose career as a 
soldier is well worthy of emulation and 
reflected great credit on his ancestors. 
The name has been prominent in both 
England and America, and there was a 
multitude of immigrants among the pio- 
neers of New England bearing the name. 
One of these was Richard Nichols, who 
came early to Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
and later settled in Reading, same colony. 
Judging from the similarity in the names 
of their children, he was related to Ran- 
dolph Nichols, of Charlestown, who, it is 
known, was the son of William Nichols, 
of Uxbridge, Middlesex county, England, 
where Randolph inherited lands from his 
father. It is quite possible that the immU 
grant in the line traced below was also 

a son of William, of Uxbridge. No 
records have been discovered to throw 
any light on the matter. Another an- 
cestor of a numerous progeny was Thom- 
as Nichols, who came from Cogeshall, 
Essex county, England, where his father, 
Walter Nichols, lived. Another Thomas 
Nichols was a pioneer settler of Newport, 
Rhode Island. Francis Nichols, bom in 
England before 1600, son of Francis and 
Margaret (Bruce) Nichols, came to 
America prior to 1636, bringing three 
sons and a daughter. He was among the 
first settlers at Stratford, Connecticut. 
His brother. Governor Richard Nichols, 
commanded the British fleet, to whom 
New Amsterdam was surrendered by the 
Dutch, and became governor of the prov- 
ince of New York in 1664. Thomas 
Nichols came to America before 1655, 
and was married in Maiden, Massachu- 
setts, in that year. James Nichols, pre- 
sumably a brother of Thomas Nichols, 
son of Walter Nichols, of Cogeshall, Eng- 
land, also married in Maiden, in 1660. 

(I) William Nichols, bom about 1599, 
was the ancestor of one of the many dis- 
tinct families of the name in Massachu- 
setts. As early as 1637 he was living in 
Salem, and in 165 1 purchased land in 
Topsfield, where he lived until his death 
in 1695. His will, dated April 25, 1693, 
was proved February 17, 1695, and made 
provision for his wife, Mary, and chil- 
dren. In the county rate made in 1668 
is found the names of William Nichols, 
of Topsfield, and his son, John. In 1690 
the town instructed a committee to lay 
out a highway from the town bridge over 
the river through the woods to the farm 
of Nichols and his neighbors. Children: 
Mary, married Thomas Cary; Hannah, 
married Thomas Wilkins; John, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) John Nichols, only known son of 
William and Mary Nichols, was bom 
about 1640, lived in Topsfield, where he 



died in 1700. His will, dated November 
II, of that year, mentions his wife, Lydia, 
and nine children. He was chosen tithing- 
man in 1695, and is elsewhere mentioned 
in the records of Topsfield. Children: 
William, born August 25, 1663; Anna, 
August 24, 1665, married Francis El- 
liot; John, January 14, 1667; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Isaac, February 6, 
1672, died young; Lydia, April 16, 1675, 
married Aquilla Wilkins; Rachel, No- 
vember 3, 1677, married Humphrey Case ; 
Elizabeth, March 16, 1679, married Thom- 
as Brewer ; Ebenezer, November 9, 1685, 
married Elizabeth Bailey. 

(HI) Thomas Nichols, third son of 
John and Lydia Nichols, was born Janu- 
ary 20, 1669, in Topsfield, and resided in 
that town, or in Boxford. He married, 
at Salem, December 13, 1694, Joanna 
Towne, bom January 22^ i^TVf in Tops- 
field, daughter of Joseph and Phebe (Per- 
kins) Towne, of that town. Children: 
Anna, baptized August 30, 1696; Isaac, 
mentioned below; Thomas, and Jona- 

(IV) Isaac Nichols, eldest son of 
Thomas and Joanna (Towne) Nichols, 
settled in Sutton, Massachusetts, but no 
records of his death appears in that town. 
He married, in Boxford, February i, 
1726, Sarah Wilkins, probably the daugh- 
ter of Henry and Sarah Wilkins, bom 
May 27, 1704, in Boxford, survived him, 
and died a widow, April 9, 1779. Chil- 
dren: Sarah, bom December, 1728, died 
in infancy; Mary, February 5, 1730; 
Henry, mentioned below ; Sarah, Septem- 
ber 13, 1734; Isaac, May 13, 1737; Wil- 
liam, November i, 1739; Joan, March 21, 
1742, married James Stranahan; Abigail, 
May 12, 1744; Anna, 1747. 

(V) Henry Nichols, eldest son of Isaac 
and Sarah (Wilkins) Nichols, was born 
March 17, 1732, in Sutton, and died No- 
vember 19, 1814, in Royalston, Massa- 

chusetts. He lived in Sutton until 1769, 
when he moved to Royalston, and there 
spent the remainder of his life. He mar- 
ried (first) September 22, 1757, in Sutton, 
Elizabeth Towne, bom May 13, 1740, in 
that town, died September 11, 1781, in 
Royalston, daughter of John and Mercy 
(Towne) Towne. He married (second) 
August 8, 1782, Mrs. Mehitable Gale, 
born September 10, 1737, widow of Isaac 
Gale, daughter of Jonah and Mehitable 
(Kenny) Dwinnell, died March i, 1818. 
Children, all of first marriage: Anne, 
born May 28, 1759 ; Isaac, November 12, 
1760; Moses, September 22, 1762; David 
and Jonathan (twins), March 28, 1764; 
Elijah, mentioned below ; Daniel, May 3, 


(VI) Elijah Nichols, fifth son of Henry 

and Elizabeth (Towne) Nichols, was bom 
July 25, 1770, in Royalston, and lived in 
that town, where he died May 2, 1856. 
He married (first) October 16, 1827, 
Asenath (Wilder) Fairbanks, born 1785, 
died August 19, 1847, daughter of Reuben 
and Mary (Pierce) Wilder, widow of 
Jonathan Fairbanks. He married (sec- 
ond) Mrs. Betsey Stone, of Grantham, 
New Hampshire. Children, of first mar- 
riage: John Hubbard, born August 27, 
1828 ; Joseph Towne, mentioned below. 

(VII) Joseph Towne Nichols, second 
son of Elijah and Asenath (Wilder-Fair- 
banks) Nichols, was born February 8, 
1832, in Royalston, died there May 20, 
1915. His boyhood was passed on the 
paternal farm in Royalston, and when 
eighteen years of age he went to Albany, 
New York, where he was employed in a 
coal office. After remaining there four 
years, during the last year of which he 
was deputy postmiister, he returned to 
Royalston, and in 1861 enlisted as a 
soldier of the Civil War. He became a 
member of Company I, Twenty-fifth Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers, and served three 



years. At the expiration of this enlist- 
ment he was transferred to Company A, 
Fifty-fifth Infantry, and commissioned 
first lieutenant. At the close of the Civil 
War he again returned to his native 
place, and for three years drove the mail 
and express coach between Royalston 
Center and South Royalston. After sell- 
ing out this line, Nr. Nichols went to 
Fitchburg, where he learned the under- 
taking business, working for three years 
as assistant to the late M. W. Cummings. 
For a third of a century thereafter he was 
the town undertaker of Royalston, and 
performed many deeds of helpfulness in 
the hours of sorrow of his townspeople. 
He also engaged in farming, and served 
the town many years in various official 
capacities, being ten years selectman, and 
held in turn every town office. He was 
a most efficient town official where execu- 
tive ability, good judgment and general 
knowledge were seldom so combined in 
one individual. He married, April 7, 1858, 
Martha G. Turner, born May 19, 1836, in 
Phillipston, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Leonard R. and Mary (Pierce) Turner. 
The ceremony took place in the Nichols 
homestead on Royalston Common, di- 
rectly across the street from his present 
residence, and was performed by Rev. 
E. W. Bullard, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church. Children: Leonard, men- 
tioned below; Mary L., born June 27, 
1871, married S. Weston Wheeler, and 
has Sidney W. and Ruth ; Frederic Carle- 
ton, mentioned below; Agnes A., bom 
February 3, 1880, married Cornelius Quin- 
lan, and they have had two children, a 
daughter, Marjorie, and a son, Joseph 
Carleton Quinlan, who died in infancy. 

(VIII) Leonard Nichols, eldest son of 
Joseph Towne and Martha G. (Turner) 
Nichols, was bom April 17, 1869, in 
Royalston, and was in early life a news- 
paper man. In 1912, after serving sixteen 


years as deputy, he was appointed United 
States shipping commissioner of the port 
of Providence, Rhode Island. He is a mem- 
ber of Rising Sun Lodge, No. 30, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons; of General 
Burnside Encampment, Sons of Veterans ; 
of the Pen and Pencil Club of Rhode 
Island; of the Quarter Century Club of 
the Providence Journal; of the Rhode 
Island Yacht Club, and president of the 
Providence Fencers Club, and is actively 
identified with the business, social and 
athletic life of the Rhode Island city. 

(VIII) Frederic Carleton Nichols, sec- 
ond son of Joseph Towne and Martha G. 
(Turner) Nichols, was born December 
TTf^ 1873, ^^ Fitchburg, and was reared in 
Royalston, where he received his educa- 
tion. As a boy he served as page to the 
Massachusetts Legislature in 1891-92 and 
1893, and since that time has been con- 
nected with the Fitchburg National Bank, 
and the Fitchburg Savings Bank. In the 
latter institution he secured deserved 
promotion, and was assistant treasurer 
from 1904 to 1906, since which latter year 
he has been treasurer. He is a director 
and a member of the executive committee 
of both the Fitchburg Bank & Trust 
Company, and of the Fitchburg Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company. He is also a 
director of the Bankers' Mortgage Com- 
pany of Boston. For two years he was 
president of the Massachusetts Savings 
Bank Treasurers' Club, and was four 
years treasurer of the Massachusetts 
Bankers' Association. He has been presi- 
dent of the Fitchburg Board of Trade 
and Merchants' Association, and is Past 
Exalted Ruler of the local lodge. Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He is also affiliated with Apollo Lodge, 
No. 205, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, of Fitchburg, and is a member of 
Charles W. Moore Lodge, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, of Fitchburg. He 


is a member of the Unitarian Church So- 
ciety, in which he has held many offices. 
He married, October 5, 1899, Ethel 
Holmes, born at Amelia Court House, 
Virginia, daughter of Augustus and Han- 
nah M. (Perry) Holmes. Children: 
Anna Holmes, born October 24, 1905; 
Louise, March 29, 1913. 

CORCORAN, George B., 

One of the able physicians and sur- 
geons of the younger generation of West 
Springfield, Massachusetts, is Dr. George 
B. Corcoran, whose success has by no 
means been the result of fortunate cir- 
cumstances, but has come to him through 
energy, study and perseverance, directed 
by an evenly balanced mind. His deep 
interest in his profession arises from a 
love of scientific research, and a broad 
sympathy with his fellow-men. 

The Corcoran family is an ancient and 
honorable one of Ireland, and there have 
been many distinguished bearers of the 
name. John Corcoran, grandfather of Dr. 
Corcoran, was born in Ireland, and died in 
Washington, Massachusetts. 

Michael Corcoran, son of John Corcor- 
an, was bom in Washington, Massachu- 
setts, where the earlier years of his life 
were spent. At the age of twenty-eight 
years he removed to West Springfield, 
where he has had his residence since that 
time. He has followed railroading for 
more than forty years, having worked up 
from the bottom of the ladder, has been 
a conductor on a passenger train on the 
Boston & Albany Railroad fdr many 
years, and is the oldest in point of length 
of service on this road. He married Mary 
McLaughlin, a native of Lee, Massachu- 
setts, and they have had the following 
children: Michael, a baggagemaster on 
the Boston & Albany Railroad; Cath- 

erine, a music teacher; Dr. George B., 
whose name heads this sketch ; William, 
a bookkeeper; John, an electrical engi- 
neer; Thomas, a priest of the Passionist 
Order; Lawrence, a student at the high 
school ; and two who died in infancy. 

Dr. George B. Corcoran, son of Michael 
and Mary (McLaughlin) Corcoran, was 
born in West Springfield, Massachusetts, 
March 22, 18S4. His elementary and col- 
lege preparatory education was acquired 
in the public schools of his native town, 
where he was g^duated from the high 
school. He then entered Brown Univer- 
sity and graduated in 1906. He matricu- 
lated at the Harvard Medical School, 
from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1910 with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. Having been appointed to an 
intemeship at the Worcester City Hos- 
pital, he remained in practice in that in- 
stitution until 1912, in which year he 
established himself in practice in West 
Springfield, with the professional life of 
which city he has since been connected. 
His practice is a very considerable one, 
and he makes a specialty of surgery, 
and in recognition of his ability was 
appointed assistant surgeon at the Mercy 
Hospital. All of the time which he 
can spare from his active practice is 
devoted to study and research, which he 
holds should be the plan of a physician's 
life if he would become thoroughly skilled 
in his profession. He is a member of the 
Massachusetts and American Medical 
associations, the Springfield Academy of 
Medicine, and the Boylston Medical Soci- 
ety of Boston. In political matters he 
gives his support to the Democratic party, 
and is serving as secretary of the West 
Springfield Board of Health. His fra- 
ternal affiliations are with the Knights of 
Columbus, Independent Order of Forest- 
ers, and the Order of the Moose. 



PAGE, William Brewster, 

BnterprisiiiB Oitimaiu 

This is an important name in New 
England, having been among the earliest 
English names planted within the limits 
of the present State of New Hampshire, 
and also having been borne by distin- 
guished citizens down through the gener- 
ations to the present time. 

(I) Robert Page and his wife, Mar- 
garet, lived in Ormsby, in the County of 
Norfolk, England, where they died. 

(II) Robert (2) Page, son of Robert 
(i) and Margaret Page, was born about 
1604, in Ormsby, England, and there mar- 
ried, his wife's name being Lucy. This 
is shown by the record of their examina- 
tion preparatory to their leaving Eng- 
land, April II, 1637, when his age is given 
as thirty-three years and hers as thirty. 
They had three children: Francis, Mar- 
garet and Susannah, and two servants: 
William Moulton, aged twenty years, and 
Anne Wadd, fifteen years, and were "de- 
sirous to passe into New England to in- 
habitt." In 1639 Robert Page settled in 
Hampton, New Hampshire (then Mas- 
sachusetts), and received a grant of ten 
acres of land for a house lot, abutting on 
the meeting house green on the south and 
on the other lands of his on the north. 
It was between the house lots of William 
Marston on the west and Robert Marston 
on the east, and this land continued to be 
occupied by his descendants down to the 
sixth generation. For six years Robert 
Page served as one of the selectmen, and 
for years represented the town in the 
General Court of Massachusetts. He was 
at one time marshal of the old county of 
Norfolk. He also served on various com- 
mittees for transacting business of the 
town from time to time. In 1660 he is on 
record as one of the deacons of the 
church, and from the death of his col- 
league in 1671 to his own death, Septem- 


ber 22, 1679, he appears to have been the 
only deacon. His wife died November 
12, 1665, aged fifty-eight years. Their 
children were : Margaret, Francis, Susan- 
nah, Thomas, Hannah, Mary, and Re- 

(HI) Thomas Page, second son of 
Robert (2) and Lucy Page, was born 
1639, in Salem, Massachusetts, and re- 
sided in Hampton, New, Hampshire, 
where he married, February 2, 1664, 
Mary Hussey, daughter of Christopher 
and Theodate (Bachiler) Hussey. The 
last named was born in 1596, in England, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Hester 
(Mercer) Bachiler, granddaughter of 
Rev. Stephen Bachiler, who came from 
England and was very conspicuous in 
Hampton in the first settlement of that 
town, and his second wife, Helen. Chil- 
dren : Mary, born May 21, 1665 ; Robert, 
July 17, 1667; Christopher, mentioned 
below; John, November 15, 1672, settled 
in Nantucket; Theodate, July 8, 1675; 
Stephen, August 4, 1677; Bethiah, May 
23, 1679. 

(IV) Christopher Page, second son of 
Thomas and Mary (Hussey) Page, was 
born September 20, 1670, in Hampton, 
and inherited the paternal homestead in 
that town, on which he lived. He mar- 
ried, November 14, 1689, Abigail Tilton, 
born October 28, 1670, daughter of Daniel 
and Mehitable (Sanborn) Tilton. Chil- 
dren: Robert, bom September 8, 1690; 
Abigail, February i, 1693; Lydia, Au- 
gust 3, 1698; Jonathan, December 25, 
1700 ; David, mentioned below ; Shubael, 
March 28, 1708; Tabitha, August 21, 

(V) David Page, third son of Christo- 
pher and Abigail (Tilton) Page, was 
born November i, 1703, in Hampton, and 
settled in that town on what was recently 
known as the Thomas Moore place. 
Later he removed to Epping, New Hamp- 
shire, his name and that of his eldest son 



being among those on the first petition 
for the town in 1747. A number of his 
children lived in that town. He married 
(first) June 27, 1728, Ruth Dearborn, 
born May 21, 1705, died January 8, 1741, 
daughter of Deacon John and Abigail 
(Batchelder) Dearborn, of Hampton. 
He married (second) April 5, 1742, Ruth, 
daughter of Captain John and Abigail 
(Shaw) Smith, of Hampton, born May 3, 
1703, died July 3, 1769, in North Hamp- 
ton. Children of first marriage: John, 
born July 17, 1729; Robert, April i, 1731, 
married, November 12, 1755, Sarah Dear- 
born, and settled in Raymond, New 
Hampshire, his children being baptized 
in Epping; Deborah, January 11, 1733; 
David, March 26, 1735; Benjamin, men- 
tioned below; Abigail, June 20, 1740, 
died young. Children of second mar- 
riage: Abigail, born February 25, 1743; 
Christopher, October 23, 1744; Ruth, 
November 5, 1745 ; Josiah, January 13, 
1749, married Sarah Marston. 

(VI) Benjamin Page, fourth son of 
David and Ruth (Dearborn) Page, was 
born August 7, 1738, in Hampton, and 
lived in Epping, where he signed the as- 
sociation test before the Revolution. He 
died there after July 6, 1796, the date of 
the making of his will. He married, 
about 1762, Hannah, whose surname is 
lost. She joined the Epping church, Sep- 
tember II, 1763, and their children were 
baptized there. Children: Ruth, born 
September 11, 1763; Elizabeth, baptized 
December 9, 1764; Deborah, born Au- 
gust 24, 1766; David, "eldest son"; Na- 
than, mentioned below; Sarah, married 
French ; Abigail ; Molly. 

(VII) Nathan Page, son of Benjamin 
and Hannah Page, was born in Epping, 
New Hampshire, July 10, 1770, baptized 
July 15, 1770, and was a farmer at Ep- 
ping. He married (first) Sarah Perkins, 
of Hampton Falls, March, 1796; she died 
August 23, 1812, and he married (second) 

181 3, Mary Weeks, of Parsonfield, Maine, 
born June 7, 1767, died at Epping, March 
25, 1847. Children, all by first marriage : 
Nathaniel Perkins, born June 7, 1797, 
died September 16, 1844, ^^ Pembroke, 
Maine, married Mary Ann Robinscm, of 
Exeter, New Hampshire; Nancy, Febru- 
ary 15, 1799, died May 9, 1826, at Not- 
tingham, New Hampshire, married Fran- 
cis Harvey; Samuel Plumer, June 30, 
1801, died April 13, 1838, married Eliza- 
beth Drew, of Plymouth, Massachusetts ; 
Sally, May 12, 1803, married John Fel- 
lows, of Fayette, Maine; Benjamin, Au- 
gust 20, 1805, niarried three times; Han- 
nah, November 27^ 1807, died November 
3. i833> at Nottingham, second wife of 
Francis Harvey, who married (first) her 
sister, Nancy ; David Perkins, mentioned 

(VIII) David Perkins Page, A. M., 
son of Nathan and Sarah (Perkins) Page, 
was born in Epping, July 4, 1810. His 
father was a farmer in comfortable but 
not affluent circumstances, and was natu- 
rally anxious to keep his son on the farm. 
The son developed early an ambition to 
become a teacher ; his father was opposed 
to the idea, though not opposed to educa- 
tion. There was a fair library in the old 
farm house, and the boy studied at every 
opportunity, and acquired an excellent 
common school education. At the age of 
fifteen or sixteen he had a serious illness, 
and at the crisis of the disease, when his 
father feared the worst, the boy exacted a 
promise from him that if he got well he 
should go to the academy and become a 
teacher. That illness gave to the world 
one of the leaders in the educational 
progress of America in the nineteenth 
century. At the age of eighteen he began 
his studies at Hampton Academy ; he had 
his father's permission, but he made 
every effort not to draw on his father for 
expenses. In later years he confessed 
some of the difficulties of his academy 



life, with homespun clothes somewhat 
outgrown and very much out of fashion. 
In a few months he was engaged as a 
teacher, and his success in the school 
room justified his confidence that he had 
found his natural vocation. He returned 
to the academy and studied for a time, 
and then taught school at Epping, New 
Hampshire; Newbury and Byfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. After about two years of 
teaching in the district schools he decided 
to open a private school in Newburyport, 
then a city of sixteen thousand inhabi- 
tants. He began with five pupils, but 
before the end of the term had his school 
full to its capacity. One of his biogra- 
phers indicates that success was not as 
easy as it might seem. "He had been 
accused, opposed, suspected, and sur- 
mounted all attempts to put him down. 
But he was always calm, cool, collected. 
He lived down all his enemies, and there 
were few men over whose solemn gjave 
such a flood of tears would so sincerely 
fall. He taught himself while teaching 
others. Punctual to a proverb, the very 
genius of order, and cheerful as the day, 
firm but not severe, dignified but not 
haughty, social but not triflng, there was 
a charm about him as irresistable as it 
was benign and salutary." Mr. Page was 
a natural musician and had a well trained 
and powerful voice and a good ear, two 
important gifts for a teacher. It has been 
said of his early work as a teacher : "The 
task was by no means light. Faculty is 
the most essential element of success in 
Yankee-land. Faculty the young teacher 
was found to possess in liberal measure. 
The school house was dingy and ill ap- 
pointed, as were nearly all of its kind. 
He filled it with the sunshine of a happy 
temperament and with the quick conceits 
of an inventive mind, bent on making 
labor light and wholesome. He boarded 
around among his patrons, and was sub- 
jected to many petty inconveniences, but 


this enabled him to become acquainted 
with the home influences in his surround- 
ings and he was keen in his perception of 
the elements with which he had to deal. 
He became master of the situation." 
Within five years from the time he went 
to the Hampton Academy he was elected 
associate principal and the head of the 
English department of the public gram- 
mar school of the city of Newburyport, 
Massachusetts. He was here for twelve 
years, and his reputation as a progressive 
and successful teacher and writer became 
widely extended. He wrote extensively 
on educational topics, and lectured when 
the platform was an important means of 
public education. His address on "Co- 
operation of the Parent and Teacher" was 
declared by Horace Mann to be the ablest 
and most important educational paper 
that had yet appeared in America. It 
was widely circulated and made a strong 
impression in Massachusetts. His suc- 
cess as lecturer on educational subjects 
cannot be easily over-estimated. He 
spoke often, and he was a gifted speaker. 
He had a message and knew how to de- 
liver it. The very year before his death 
he spoke in eleven counties, delivering 
as many as forty-seven lectures or ad- 
dresses in thirty days, before a thousand 
or more teachers. The State Normal 
School of New York, the first in that 
State, was established chiefly through the 
efforts of Governor DeWitt Clinton, and 
to Mr. Page was given the task of making 
the school, for which no model existed. 
As principal he had to demonstrate that 
the school was useful and necessary. He 
accepted the position knowing its diffi- 
culties. On his way to Albany he visited 
Horace Mann at Boston. The advise of 
the g^eat educator lingered ever in the 
mind of the principal : "Succeed or Die." 
The school was opened December ii> 
1844, before the building was finished, 
with thirteen men and sixteen women 



students. He felt his way at first, begin- 
ning with review classes in rudimentary 
subjects, adding algebra and physiology. 
There were ninety-eight students en- 
rolled before the end of the first term, and 
in May, 1845, the school had one hundred 
and seventy-five students. He organized 
the model school in charge of an expert 
teacher, who guided the efforts of the 
students who learned to teach under the 
eye of a competent critic. The normal 
school was attacked, but its growth soon 
demonstrated its usefulness and success. 
But in his third year as principal of the 
school his health failed, and he died at 
the very beginning of his career, January 
I, 1848, at Albany. The funeral discourse 
by Rev. E. A. Huntingdon, D. D., pastor 
of the Third Presbyterian Church of Al- 
bany, January 9, 1848, was published. 

He toiled up through a long and difficult way 
to an eminence which, in your sober and rational 
judgment, but here and there another over- 
shadows. Alas, that he was only permitted, like 
Moses, to catch a glimpse of the land he was so 
eminently qualified to subdue and cultivate and 
enjoy. But we may not give way to tears, since 
like Moses, too, his eyes rested upon a brighter 
scene upon which he was ready and waiting to 
enter. * ♦ * He was just what a teacher 
should be, a model for youth. He had a true 
thirst for knowledge, and the ability to a very un- 
common degree to excite it for his pupils. In 
addition to this, the even balance of his various 
powers gave him a taste for the details of busi- 
ness. His insight into human nature has already 
been noticed. This was perhaps his highest en- 
dowment We do not claim for him a finished 
classical or scientific education. But his attain- 
ments were various and accurate and important 
beyond those of many a philosopher. * * ♦ At 
all events, in self-knowledge and self-discipline, 
the ultimate end of study, he was not surpassed, 
and hence the certainty of his success in any en- 
terprise which he would venture to undertake. 
* ♦ ♦ So completely did he fill his place at the 
head of the school that he was felt by the execu- 
tive committee, the faculty, students and people 
throughout the state, to be almost essential to its 
prosperity, if not to its existence. All the friends 
of the institution and all the recipients of its 


benefits were bound up in him. It was diaracter- 
istic of the man that he so identified himself with 
his station, whatever it might be, that he seemed 
the life and soul of it 

His only book, "The Theory and Prac- 
tice of Teaching," is the patriarch, as it was 
the pioneer, of pedagogical literature in the 
United States. Singular as the fact may 
seem, we are told by his biographer in 
the 1886 edition of the book, that none of 
the later books on the same and kindred 
topics has displaced it in any perceptible 
degree. It was never so widely read as at 
present. The first edition was in 1847. 
The second in 1886 was edited by Wil- 
liam H. Payne, professor of the Science 
and Art of Teaching in Michigan Univer- 
sity. Another work of Mr. Page, and one 
which showed the analytical character of 
his mind, was his "Normal Chart," which 
presented graphically the powers of the 
English letters and was formerly in gen- 
eral use in teaching the principles of 
orthography. A third edition of the 
works of Mr. Page was edited by J. M. 
Greenwood, superintendent of the Kan- 
sas City Schools, in 1896, containing a 
new life with portrait. In addition to the 
"Theory and Practice of Teaching," this 
edition contains the address on "The 
Mutual Duties of Parents and Teachers," 
and "The Schoolmaster — a Dialogue." 

He married, December 16, 1835, Susan 
Maria Lunt, of Newburyport, bom June 
S, 1811, died February 5, 1878 (see Lunt 
VI). Children: David Perkins, born Au- 
gust 13, 1836, married Emily Caroline 
Wills; Susan M., July 15, 1838, married 
John James Currier, shipbuilder and 
author, of Newburyport; Mary Lunt, 
September 22, 1842, died January 13, 
1879; Henry Titcomb, mentioned below. 

(IX) Henry Titcomb Page, youngest 
child of David Perkins and Susan M. 
(Lunt) Page, was bom January 30, 1846, 
in Albany, New York, and when two 
years old moved with his mother to the 


old home at Newburyport. He attended 
the Newburyport public schools, and the 
Putnam school, now the high school of 
Newburyport. For a time he was a stu- 
dent at the Old Thetford (Vermont) 
Academy. He came of a seafaring people, 
his ancestors having built ships, and it 
was natural enough that he and his 
brothers should follow the sea for a 
time. He shipped before the mast for 
two years. In the meantime the Civil 
War broke out, and in returning from a 
voyage to the East Indies his vessel had 
to run the gauntlet of Confederate war- 
ships and privateers. Resolving to "do 
some chasing instead of being chased," 
he enlisted in the navy, and was appointed 
acting master's mate, November 23, 1863 > 
promoted to acting ensign, September 4, 
1864; served on the "Florida," "Peter- 
hoflf," and "Mohican," of the North At- 
lantic squadron; was in an engagement 
at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, on the 
sloop-of-war "Mohican," December 25, 
1864, and January 13-15, 1865; was dis- 
charged June 3, 1865, as acting ensign at 
the end of the war. After the war he re- 
moved to Fitchburg to work for George 
W. Wheelwright, the founder of the pres- 
ent corporation which bears his name. 
Mr. Wheelwright shared with the Bur- 
banks, Crockers and Wallaces the dis- 
tinction of developing the paper making 
interests of Leominster and Fitchburg. 
The paper mill in Leominster had been in 
existence about sixty years when, just 
before the Civil War, he bought the mill 
at North Leominster. He greatly en- 
larged and improved it, and the business 
has grown constantly, and the plant has 
been from time to time enlarged to 
produce more paper. Mr. Wheelwright 
built the Fitchburg mill on Fourth street, 
on the river, in 1864. In the following 
year Mr. Page became connected with the 
business. For some years the Fitchburg 

plant was known as the Rollstone Mill^ 
and operated by Mr. Wheelwright and 
his son-, George W. Wheelwright, Jr.,. 
who is now the head of the concern. The 
firm name at that time was George W. 
Wheelwright & Son. The present com- 
pany was incorporated in 1880, at the 
time of the death of the founder. Mr. 
Page was vice-president and superinten- 
dent. The business of the company has 
increased many fold in the past twenty- 
five years, and the facilities correspond- 
ingly developed. In the later years Mr. 
Wheelwright's sons became active in the 
company. In twenty-five years the ca- 
pacity of the plant was increased from 
four tons to fifty tons a day. Mr. Page 
had charge of the manufacturing end of 
the business. He died September 23,. 
191 1. His late home on Summer street, 
Fitchburg, is an attractive colonial house 
copied from some of the old Essex county 
mansions of two centuries ago. Mr. Page 
was a Republican in politics, a member of 
the Loyal Legion, a director of the Roll- 
stone National Bank, trustee of the Fitch- 
burg Savings Bank, director of the Fitch- 
burg Gas & Electric Light Company. He 
was a member and for some years a ves- 
tryman of Christ Episcopal Church of 

He married, June 23, 1869, Margaret 
Allen Brewster, born March 30, 1846, in 
Newburyport, died June 22, 1912, daugh- 
ter of William Henry and Mary Young 
(Allen) Brewster, and granddaughter of 
Samuel and Mary (Ham) Brewster (see 
Brewster VI). Mary Young Allen was 
born April 12, 1815, in Newburyport, 
daughter of Ephraim W. and Dorothy 
(Stickney) Allen, who were married in 
December, 1804. She was married, March 
30, 1837, to William H. Brewster, of 
Newburyport, who was born 181 2, and 
died 1880, not recorded in Newburyport, 
Henry T. and Margaret A. (Brewster) 



Page had two sons: William Brewster, 
mentioned below, and James Currier, 
born June 9, 1872, died March 17, 1876. 

(X) William Brewster Page, only sur- 
viving son of Henry Titcomb and Mar- 
garet Allen (Brewster) Page, was bom 
June 8, 1870, in Fitchburg, where most of 
his life has been passed. He attended 
the local public schools, and attended the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
with the class of 1893. He began his 
business career as a clerk in the office of 
the Wheelwright paper mills. Later he 
became superintendent of the company's 
mill at North Leominster, after which he 
was made assistant treasurer and agent, 
which positions he holds at the present 
time. Mr. Page is interested in some of 
the leading business concerns of Fitch- 
burg, being a director of the Fitchburg 
Bank & Trust Company, and the Nashua 
River Reservoir Company. He is a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal church, and of the 
Loyal Legion, and while not active in 
political alBfairs, is a sound Republican in 
principle. He is also a member of the 
Fay Club and the Alpine Golf Club, of 
Fitchburg; the Engineers' Club and the 
Technology Club, of Boston; the Mo- 
noosnock Country Qub, of Leominster, 
and the Old Town Country Club, of New- 
buryport. He married, December 10, 
1902, Mary H. Huse, daughter of William 
H. and Laura A. (Hayes) Huse, descend- 
ant of one of the original families of New- 
bury, Massachusetts. She died May 31, 

(The Lunt Ldne). 

(I) Henry Lunt, believed to have been 
a son of Henry Lunt, sailed from Eng- 
land, March 26, 1633, in the ship "Mary 
and John," of London, and settled in 
1635, ^t Newbury, Massachusetts, where 
he was admitted freeman, March 21, 1638, 
and was one of the proprietors. He died 
July 10, 1662, and his widow, Anna, mar- 


ried (second) Joseph Hills, previously of 
Maiden, Massachusetts. 

(II) Daniel Lunt, second child of 
Henry and Anna Lunt, was bom May 17, 
1641, in Newbury, died January 26, 1702. 
He married there (first) May 16, 1664, 
Hannah, daughter of Robert Coker; she 
was bom January 15, 1645, died January 
29, 1679. He married (second) June 24, 
1679, Mary Moody, bora February 28, 
1664, daughter of Caleb and Sarah 
(Pierce) Moody, and granddaughter of 
William and Sarah Moody, pioneer set- 
tlers of Newbury. 

(III) Henry (2) Lunt, son of Daniel 
and Hannah (Coker) Lunt, was bora 
June 23, 1669, in Newburyport, and died 
August 9, 1737. He married, January i, 
1 701, Sarah Bricket, born February 3, 
1677, daughter of Nathaniel Bricket. At 
this time there were two Henry Lunts in 
Newbury, both called Henry (3), and 
c.ach of whom had a wife Sarah, so that 
it is very difficult to distinguish among 
their children. 

(IV) Abner Lunt, son of Henry (2) 
and Sarah (Bricket) Lunt, was bora 
) larch 31, 1706, in Newbury, and mar- 
lied. May 6, 1726, Hannah Stickney, bap- 
tized July 24, 1709, at Byfield church, 
daughter of Andrew and Rebecca (Som- 
erby) Stickney. Children: Hannah, born 
J^'ebruary 17, 1727; Jane, October 13, 
1728; Sarah, September 14, 1730; Abner, 
mentioned below. 

(V) Abner (2) Lunt, son of Abner (i) 
and Hannah (Stickney) Lunt, was bora 
July 25, 1732, in Newbury, and died at 
s«a at the age of fifty-five years. He mar- 
lied there, April 9, 1751, Miriam Coffin, 
born August 27, 1732, died March 7, 
3787, daughter of Benjamin and Miriam 
(Woodman) Coffin, of Newbury (see Cof- 
fin VIII). Children: Abigail, baptized 
March 30, 1752, at the First Presbyterian 
Church, now the Old South Church at 


(••IK-Jb' "* '■ 


Newburyport; Susa, August i6, 1753; 
Anna, December 16, 1754; Abner, born 
October 29, 1755; Molly, May 26, 1757; 
died young; Jacob, September 7, 1760; 
Molly, November 21, 1762; Micajah, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Micajah Lunt, youngest child of 
Abner (2) and Miriam (Coffin) Lunt, 
was born November 9, 1764, in Newbury- 
port, and died there August 30, 1840, at 
the age of seventy-five years. He ren- 
dered a long service during the Revolu- 
tion upon the sea. In 1779 he shipped 
on the armed vessel "Vengence" under 
Captain Thomas Thomas for an expedi- 
tion to the Penobscot. This vessel, with 
others, was burned in the river by com- 
mand of the commodore, to avoid capture 
by the British fleet. The men escaped to 
the shore and made their way back on 
foot to their several homes. Micajah 
Lunt immediately reshipped on his re- 
turn to Newburyport on the armed brig 
'Tallas," Captain William Knapp, and 
helped capture a British ship bound from 
Newfoundland to Lisbon, and was placed 
on board the prize under John Stone, of 
Newburyport, prize master. Thirty days 
later this vessel was taken by a British 
privateer schooner, and after twenty days 
was captured by a French seventy-four 
gun ship, and Lunt was liberated at 
Cadiz, Spain. At Cadiz he shipped on 
the America vessel "Count d'Estaing,'* 
commanded by Captain Proctor, of Mar- 
blehead, which was captured thirty days 
out by the English privateers "Viper" 
and "Duck," of Liverpool. Lunt was im- 
prisoned with others on the island of St. 
Kitts, and after sixty days there made his 
escape, in company with Captain Green 
Pearson, of Newburyport, reaching the 
island of St. Eustatia, where they shipped 
on the armed brig "Tom," commanded 
by Captain John Lee, of Newburyport, 
bound home. When about two weeks 

out they were taken by the British frigate 
"Guadaloupe," and conveyed to New 
York, where Lunt was placed on the 
prison ship "Hunter." He was there on 
the memorable dark day of May 19, 1780, 
v/as subsequently exchanged and sent to 
Boston, whence he returned to Newbury- 
port. There he shipped on the privateer 
"Intrepid," Captain Moses Brown, which 
carried twenty twelve-pound guns. Pro- 
ceeding to Boston, the crew was recruited 
to one hundred and twenty men, and the 
vessel cruised to L'Orient, France, where 
the ship was coppered and a spar deck 
added. Taking on board a cargo of am- 
munition and other munitions of war, the 
vessel proceeded in safety to Baltimore, 
where the cargo was dicharged. Seaman 
Lunt continued on the ship until 1783, 
when it was sold in Cuba, and he returned 
to his home at Newbilryport. He mar- 
ried (first) June 11, 1792, Sarah Giddings, 
born Augfust 13, 1765, daughter of Daniel 
and Sarah (Lord) Giddings, and grand- 
daughter of Lieutenant Daniel Giddings, 
who served in the capture of Louisburg 
in 1744. The last named was a son of 
William Giddings, judge of probate of 
Essex county. Sarah (Giddings) Lunt 
died January 5, 1827, and Mr. Lunt mar- 
ried (second) Sarah B., daughter of Ed- 
mund Sweet, born June 13, 1793, died 
September 2, 1876. Children: William, 
born 1794, died young; Micah, April 22, 
1796; William, January i, 1798; Sarah 
Lord, October 6, 1800; Mary Coffin, No- 
vember 9, 1802; George, March 7, 1805; 
Hannah Giddings, March 25, 1807 ; Jacob 
William, January 20, 1809; Susan Maria, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) Susan Maria Lunt, fourth daugh- 
ter of Micajah and Sarah (Giddings) 
Lunt, was born June 5, 181 1, in Newbury- 
port, and was married, December 16, 
1835, to David Perkins Page, of Albany 
(see Page VIII). 





(The Coffin Una). 

In Fallaise, a town in Normandy, 
stands the old chateau of Courtitout, once 
the home of the Norman Coffins; the 
name i§ now extinct in that vicinage. 
The chateau is now owned by Monsieur 
Le Clere, who is the grandson of the last 
Mademoiselle Coffin, who married a Le 
Clere in 1796. Until her. marriage the 
chateau had always been owned by a 
Coffin. (The above information came 
through Admiral Henry E. Coffin, of the 
English navy, who is the nephew of 
Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin, who was bom 
in Boston, Massachusetts, May 16, 1759, 
made a baronet, and granted a coat-of- 
arms in 1804). 

The family traces its ancestry to Sir 
Richard Coffin, knight, who accompanied 
William the Conqueror from Normandy 
to England, in the year 1066, to whom the 
manor of Alwing^on in the County of 
Devonshire was assigned. There are 
various branches of the family in County 
Devon. The English records show the 
name of Covin, whence it was changed 
to Cophin, and is also found as Kophin, 
Coffyn and Coffyne. 

Before 1254 the family was flourishing 
at Portledge near the sea, in the parish of 
Alwington, five miles from Biddeford, 
England. For a period of two hundred 
years the heir always received the name 
of Richard and so the family was per- 
petuated for many generations through 
that name. The name was early brought 
to the Massachusetts Bay Colony and has 
been borne by many leading men. The 
Coffin family were not as conspicuous 
during the Revolution as they undoubt- 
edly would have been if their location had 
been different. The island was visited by 
the British warships on several occasions, 
and the inhabitants were intimidated, and 
for their own safety were obliged to pre- 
serve a neutrality. The Portledge family 
bore these arms: Vert, five cross-cross- 

lets argent, between four plates. These 
arms are also used by the American 

(I) Tristram Coffin, a descendant of 
Sir Richard Coffin, married and lived in 
Brixton, County of Devonshire, England. 
In his will he left legacies to Anne and 
John, children of his son Nicholas Coffin ; 
Richard and Joan, children of Lionel 
Coffin; Philip Coffin and his son, Tris- 
tram; and appointed Nicholas Coffin, of 
whom further, as his executor. 

(II) Nicholas Coffin, son of Tristram 
Coffin, lived in Butler's parish, Devon- 
shire, England, where he died in 1603. In 
his will, which was proved at Totnes, in 
Devonshire, November 3, 1603, mention 
is made of his wife, Joan, and five chil- 
dren, namely: Peter, of whom further; 
Nicholas, Tristram, John and Anne. 

(III) Peter Coffin, eldest son of Nicho- 
las and Joan Coffin, was born on the Cof- 
fin estate at Brixton, Devonshire, Eng- 
land, about 1580, and died there in 1627- 
28. He married Joan or Joanna Thember, 
and their six children were born and bap- 
tized in the parish of Brixton, Devon- 
shire, England, in the order following: 
I. Tristram, mentioned below. 2. John, 
born about 1607; was a soldier and died 
in the service from a mortal wound re- 
ceived in battle during the four years' 
siege of a fortified town during the civil 
war, and died within the town about 1642. 
3. Joan, born in England, about 1609, 
probably died there. 4. Deborah, died 
probably in England. 5. Eunice, bom in 
England, came to Massachusetts Bay 
Colony with her parents; married Wil- 
liam Butler, and died in 1648. 6. Mary, 
married Alexander Adams, and had chil- 
dren : Mary, Susannah, John and Samuel ; 
she died in 1677 o^ thereabouts. Widow 
Joan with her children, Tristram, Eunice 
and Mary; her two sons-in-law, hus- 
bands of her daughters who were married 
in England ; her daughter-in-law, Dionis ; 



and five grandchildren^ came to Salisbury 
in 1642. She died in Boston, in May, 
1661, aged seventy-seven years, and in 
the notice of her family it is quaintly 
stated that the Rev. Mr. Wilson "em- 
balmed her memory." 

(IV) Tristram (2) Coffin, eldest son of 
Peter and Joan (Thember) Coffin, was 
born in the parish of Brixton, Devon- 
shire, England, probably in 1605. ^^ ^^^ 
of the landed gentry of England, being 
heir to his father's estate in Brixton, and 
he was probably a churchman after the 
order of the time of Elizabeth. He died 
at his home on Nantucket Island, Octo- 
ber 2, 1681. It is a strange fact that the 
christian name of the immigrant fore- 
father of all the Coffins in America, Tris- 
tram, is repeated and multiplied in every 
family in every generation, while the 
name of the foremother, Dionis, is re- 
peated but once in all the generations, 
and that was when it was given to the 
eldest daughter of Stephen, but when she 
married Jacob Norton her name appears 
as Dinah. It is not known on which of 
the early ^hips conveying emigrants from 
England to New England the Coffin fam- 
ily took passage, but it is generally be- 
lieved that it was the same ship that 
brought Robert Clement, the emigrant, 
who owned the ships "Hector," "Griffin," 
"Job Clement," and "Mary Clement," and 
if Robert Clement, the immigrant, took 
passage on one of his own ships, Tristram 
Coffin, the immigrant, was a passenger in 
the same ship, and both men settled in 
Haverhill in 1642. 

The early settlers of Salisbury, which 
town was established October 7, 1640, 
commenced a settlement at Pentucket the 
same year, and the Indian deed for this 
land was witnessed by Tristram Coffin in 
1642, and in 1643 he removed to the place 
which was established as the town of 
Haverhill, Norfolk county, Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony. He settled near Robert 
MASS-Voi iv-16 241 

Clement. Tradition has it that Tristram 
Coffin was the first man to plow land in 
the town of Haverhill, he constructing 
his own plow. He changed his residence 
to the "Rocks" in the following year, and 
in 1648-49 removed to Newbury where he 
kept an ordinary and sold wine and 
liquors and kept the Newbury side of 
Carr's Ferry. In September, 1643, ^^^ 
wife, Dionis, was prosecuted for selling 
beer for three pence per quart, while the 
regular price was but two pence, but she 
proved that she had put six bushels of 
malt into the hogshead while the law only 
required the use of four bushels, and she 
was discharged. He returned to Salis- 
bury and was commissioner of the town, 
and while living there purchased or 
planned the purchase of the island of 
Nantucket, where he with his associates 
removed on account of religious persecu- 
tion. At least Thomas Macy, who was 
the pioneer settler on Nantucket Island, 
"fled from the officers of the law and sold 
his property and home rather than submit 
to tryranny, which punished a man for 
being hospitable to strangers in the rain- 
storm even though the strangers be 
Quakers." Mr. Macy returned to Salis- 
bury and resided there in 1664, ^md when 
he left he sold his house and lands and so 
the story of his fleeing from persecution 
would seem to be spoiled and history per- 
haps gives the true reason for his migra- 
tion, the search for a milder climate and 
better opportunities for cultivating the 

Early in 1654 Tristram Coffin took 
Peter Folger, the grandfather of Benja- 
min Franklin, at the time living in 
Martha's Vineyard, as an interpreter of 
the Indian language, and proceeded to 
Nantucket to ascertain the "temper and 
disposition of the Indians and the capa- 
bilities of the island, that he might report 
to the citizens of Salisbury what induce- 
ments were offered emigrants." A grant 






of the island had been givc.«» w 
Mayhcw by. William Earl, of Sterling, 
and recorded in the secretary's office of 
the State of New York, July 2, 1659. 
Thomas Mayhew deeded the island to 
Tristram Coffin, Richard Swain, Peter 
Coffin, Stephen Greenleaf, William Pike, 
Thomas Macy, Thomas Barnard, Chris- 
topher Hussey, John Swain, retaining an 
interest of one*twentieth for himself, the 
consideration being ^'£30 and two Beaver 
Hats, one for myself and one for my 
wife." Later the same parties purchased 
from one Wanackmamak, head Sachem 
of Nantucket, a large part of their lands, 
consideration £40. James Coffin accom- 
panied Thomas Macy and family, Ed- 
ward Starbuck and Isaac Coleman to the 
island later the same year, and they all 
took up their residence there. The Coffin 
family that settled at Nantucket included 
Tristram, Sr. ; James, Mary, John, and 
Stephen, each the head of a family. Tris- 
tran Coffin was thirty-seven years old 
when he arrived in America, and fifty- 
five years old at the time of his removal 
to Nantucket, and during the first year of 
his residence he was the richest proprie- 
tor. The property of his son Peter is 
said soon after to have exceeded that of 
the original proprietor, the family to- 
gether owning about one-fourth of the 
island and the whole of Tuckernock. On 
the 29th of June, 1671, Francis Lovelace, 
governor of New York, granted a com- 
mission to Tristram Coffin to be chief 
magistrate on and over the island of Nan- 
tucket and Tuckanucket (deeds III, sec- 
retary's office, Albany, New York). At 
the same time Thomas Mayhew was ap- 
pointed the chief magistrate of Martha's 
Vineyard through commissions signed by 
Governor Lovelace, of New York, bear- 
ing date June 29, 1671, and the two chief 
magistrates, together with two assistants 
for each island, constituted a general 

jAtive jurisdiction over 
both isianti* • A tie appointment was made 
by Governor Francis Lovelace, of New 
York, and his second commission, Sep- 
tember 16, 1677, was signed by Edward 
Andros, governor-general of the province 
of New York. Tristram, when he died, 
left his widow, Dionis; seven children, 
sixty grandchildren, and a number of 
great-grandchildren, and in 1728 there 
had been born to him one thousand five 
hundred and eighty-two descendants, of 
whom one thousand and twenty-eight 
were living. He married Dionis (the 
diminutive for Dionysia and afterwards 
written Dionys), daughter of Robert 
Stevens, of Brixton, England. The chil- 
dren were nine in number, the first five 
having been born in England, as follows : 
Peter, Tristram, Elizabeth, James, John, 
Deborah, Mary, John, Stephen. 

(V) Tristram (3) Coffin, second son of 
Tristram (2) and Dionis (Stevens) Cof- 
fin, was born in 1632, in England, came 
to America with his parents at ten years 
of age, and was ancestor of all the Coffins 
originating from Newbury, where he died 
February 4, 1704. He married, March 2, 
1653, in Newbury, Judith, daughter of 
Edmund Greenleaf, the immigrant, and 
widow of Henry Somerby, of Newbury. 
She died December 15, 1705. 

(VI) Stephen Coffin, son of Tristram 
(3) and Judith (Greenleaf-Somerby) Cof- 
fin, was bom August 18, 1665, in New- 
bury, where he married, October 8, 1685, 
Sarah, daughter of John Atkinson, of that 
town, born November 27, 1665. 

(VII) Benjamin Coffin, son of Stephen 
and Sarah (Atkinson) Coffin, was bom 
June 14, 1710, in Newbury, where he mar- 
ried, October 28, 1731, Miriam Woodman, 
bom March 13, 1715, daughter of Jona- 
than and Abigail (Atkinson) Woodman. 

(VIII) Miriam Coffin, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Miriam (Woodman) Coffin, 



was bom August 27, 1732, in Newbury, 
and became the wife of Abner (2) Lunt, 
of that town (see Lunt V). 

(The Brewster Line). 

There were several immigrar ts of this 
name early in New England, (he name 
appearing in the early records as Bruster 
and Breuster. 

(I) John Brewster, whose parentage 
has not been discovered, came to Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, after 1658 and 
before 1664. At a general town meeting, 
March 8, 1666, he subscribed eight shil- 
lings for the support of Rev. Moody's 
ministry, and March 17, 1671, subscribed 
twelve shillings. He died in 1691, leaving 
a will, which named wife, Mary; only 
son, John ; and grandson, John ; also six 
daughters: Sarah, Elizabeth, Martha, 
Mary, Jane and Rachel. In the seating 
of the meeting house in 1694, Widow 
Brewster was assigned a seat on the main 
floor. He married, about 1650, Mary, 
daughter of Roger Knight, was a free- 
man in 1672, and grand juryman in 1687. 

(II) John (2) Brewster, son of John 
(i) and Mary (Knight) Brewster, was 
born about 1660, and lived on Portsmouth 
Plains. He died in 1726, and his will was 
in probate August 8 of that year. In 1694 
he was assigned a seat in the men's gal- 
lery, and his wife in the women's gallery 
of the Portsmouth church. In the great 
massacre of June 26, 1696, at Portsmouth 
Plains, his house was burned, his wife 
was scalped, and their African slave, 
Dinah, was killed. He was elected select- 
man, March 25, 1721. He married Mary, 
daughter of Richard Sloper, born Febru- 
ary II, 1663, died February 22, 1744. She 
recovered from the horrible treatment of 
the Indians, and was afterward the 
mother of several children. Children: 
John, a tailor ; Samuel, mentioned below ; 
Joseph, cordwainer ; Joshua, blacksmith ; 
and Abigail, married Samuel White. 


(III) Samuel Brewster, son of John 
(2) and Mary (Sloper) Brewster, was 
probably born before 1700, and built a 
house on Portsmouth Plains, in 1722. He 
was a tax payer in 1727, was elected 
selectman, March 26, 1739, and had a pew 
in the center of the North Church, which 
was occupied by the family from the erec- 
tion of the building in 1712, to 1837. He 
married Margaret, daughter of Timothy 
Waterhouse, whose wife was a Miss 
Moses, of Portsmouth. Children: Mar- 
garet, married Mr. Furbisher, of Boston, 
and died soon after ; Samuel, of Barring- 
ton; Moses, inherited the homestead on 
Portsmouth Plains ; Timothy, died at the 
age of twenty-one years; John, went to 
sea and was never again heard of; Abi- 
gail, married Leader Nelson ; Mary, mar- 
ried Samuel Winkley, of Barrington; 
Daniel, removed to Rochester in 1775, 
and twenty years later to Wolfeboro, 
New Hampshire; David, mentioned be- 
low; Colonel William, married Ruth 
Foss, and lived in Portsmouth ; Paul, re- 
sided in Barrington; Margaret, married 
Joseph Hayes; Lydia, wife of Joseph 
Hicks, of Madbury. 

(IV) David Brewster, sixth son of 
Samuel and Margaret (Waterhouse) 
Brewster, was bom 1739, in Portsmouth. 
He was a joiner by trade, and in 1766 
built a residence on Deer street, in the 
present city of Providence, where he died 
in 1818. He married Mary, daughter of 
John Gains, and had the following chil- 
dren, baptized at the North Church at 
Portsmouth: Ruth, February 12, 1764; 
Margaret, January 25, 1767; Samuel, 
mentioned below; David, September 9, 
1770; George, January 31, 1773; Mark, 
December 4, 1774; John Gains, January 

II, 1778. 

(V) Samuel (2) Brewster, son of David 
and Mary (Gains) Brewster, was baptized 
December 18, 1768, in the North Church 
of Providence, and lived in that town. He 


married Mary Ham, and had children: 
George Gains, Harriott, Charles Warren, 
John Samuel, and Willam Henry. 

(VI) William Henry Brewster, young- 
est son of Samuel (2) and Mary (Ham) 
Brewster, was born 1812, and died in 
1880. He was a part owner of the ship 
"Crown Point," which was destroyed 
May 13, 1863, by the Confederate cruiser 
"Florida," fitted out in England, and in 
the award of the Alabama claims com- 
mission received compensation for the 
loss. In association with Joseph B. 
Morss he purchased the Newport "Daily" 
and "Semi-weekly Herald," in June, 1834, 
and for twenty years it was published by 
Morss & Brewster, after which William 
H. Huse became a partner in the firm, 
and sole owner in 1856. Subsequently 
William H. Brewster was treasurer and 
business manager of the Boston "Trav- 
eler." He married, March 30, 1837, in 
Newburyport, Mary Young Allen, born 
April 12, 1815, daughter of Ephraim W. 
and Dorothy (Stickney) Allen. The chil- 
dren of William Henry and Mary Young 
(Allen) Brewster were: Emeline Smith, 
Mary Allen, Margaret Allen, mentioned 
below; William Henry, Jr., who died in 
June, 1904, in Swampscott, Massachu- 
setts ; Allen Morss, who is now living at 
Newburyport, Massachusetts. 

(VII) Margaret Allen Brewster, daugh- 
ter of William Henry and Mary Young 
(Allen) Brewster, was born March 30, 
1846, at Newburyport, and became the 
wife of Henry Titcomb Page, of Fitch- 
burg, Massachusetts (see Page IX). 

EDGERLY, Joseph Gardner, 

SnooeufiU Eduoator* 

Among the representative families of 
New England, members of which have 
led useful and exemplary lives, perform- 
ing the duties alloted to them faithfully 
and well, may be mentioned that of 

Edgerly, whose ancestry dates back to 
the early part of the seventeeth century 
in this country. 

(I) Thomas Edgerly, born in England 
about 1644, was a resident of Oyster 
River Settlement, Dover, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1665, which is now the town of 
Durham. At the burning of the Oyster 
River Settlement by the Indians, the 
house of Thomas Edgerly was destroyed. 
He married, September 28, 1665, Rebecca, 
daughter of John and Remembrance 
(Ault) Hallowell, and they had children: 
Zachariah, killed by Indians, at Oyster 
River, July 18, 1694; a daughter, name 
lost, made prisoner by Indians on same 
date; Thomas, settled in Greenland in 
1700; Samuel, married Elizabeth Tuttle; 
John, mentioned below; Joseph, married 
Mary Green. 

(II) John Edgerly, fourth son of Thom- 
as and Rebecca (Hallowell) Edgerly, was 
born 1670, at Oyster River, and lived 
there, dying in 1750. He was a weaver 
by trade, and his residence was in the 
present town of Madbury. He married, 
in 1700, Elizabeth Rawlings. Children: 
Elizabeth, born 1701 ; John, 1703; Zacha- 
riah, mentioned below; Joseph, 1706; 
Alice, 1708; Hannah, 1710. 

(III) Zachariah Edgerly, second son 
of John and Elizabeth (Rawlings) 
Edgerly, was born 1705, in Durham, and 
resided in that town, where he died in 
1780. He married (first) May 11, 1723, 
Joanna Drew, and (second) in 1759, Su- 
sanna Taylor. Children of first marriage : 
Ruth, bom 1727; Olive, 1732; John, 1735; 
Daniel, 1737. Children of second mar- 
riage: Jonathan, born 1760; Susannah, 
1763; Samuel, mentioned below. 

(IV) Samuel Edgerly, youngest child 
of Zachariah and Susanna (Taylor) 
Edgerly, was bom June 3, 1765, in North- 
wood, and died in Pittsfield, New Hamp- 
shire, March 31, 1854. He was a carpen- 
ter and did a large business in contract- 



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ing for buildings. He* married Lydia S. 
Johnson, born August 2, 1767, in North- 
wood, daughter of Samuel and Lydia 
(Roberts) Johnson, died December 4, 
1822. Children: Drusilla, born Novem- 
ber 5, 1788, married a Mr. Hill and died 
October 2, 1869; Elizabeth, September 
26, .1790, died July 2, 1836; Samuel John- 
son, mentioned below; Ruth, May 6, 
179s, died April 2, 1878; Abigail, Septem- 
ber 26, 1799, died November 19, 1839; 
John, May 4, 1802, died January 15, 1873; 
Lydia S., December 25, 1804, di^d August 
5, 1854, married (first) a Mr. Tucker, 
(second) John Meader; Hadnah, August 
9, 1807, died April 27, 1889; Joseph G., 
July 15, 181 1, died March 30, 1838. 

(V) Samuel Johnson Edgerly, eldest 
son of Samuel and Lydia S. (Johnson) 
Edgerly, was born February 17, 1793, in 
Northwood, and died July 2, 185 1, in 
Manchester, New Hampshire. In early 
life he was a teacher in the schools of 
Barnstead, New Hampshire, and was 
later employed as clerk in a store in that 
town. Subsequently he engaged in farm- 
ing in that town and the adjoining town 
of Pittsfield, and on retiring removed to 
Manchester. He was a member of the 
Congregational church and of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. Politically he was like 
most of his compatriots, a Democrat. 
With an interest in the progress of man- 
kind, he enjoyed the respect and confi- 
dence of his compatriots, and was called 
upon to serve as selectman in Barnstead. 
He married, in 1823, Eliza Bickford, bom 
June 27, 1802, in Lee, New Hampshire, 
daughter of William Bickford, died June 
17, 1881, in Manchester, New Hampshire. 
Children: Arianna, born November 29, 
1824, married James A. Jordan, of Man- 
chester, and died June 25, 1854; Andrew 
Jackson, born October 8, 1828, died Feb- 
ruary 26, 1890, he married (first) Ann 
Eliza Williams, of Mansfield, Massachu- 
setts, and (second) Sarah C. Carr, of 

Haverhill, New Hampshire, and had chil- 
dren : Josephine and Julien C. ; Euphemia 
D., born August 18, 1831, died July 11, 
1852; Martin Van Buren, born September 
26, 1833, died March 18, 1895, he married 
Alvina Barney, of Grafton, New Hamp- 
shire, and they had children: Clinton J. 
and Mabel C. ; Hannah A., bom June i, 
1836, died September 13, 1909, she mar- 
ried Ambrose Pearson, and they had 
three children: Carrie, Fred Stark and 
Walter A.; Joseph Gardner, mentioned 
below; Araminta C, bom July 6, 1841, 
unmarried ; Clarence M., bom September 
28, 1844, married (first) S. Fannie Stone, 
of Manchester, and (second) Josephine 
A. Bosher, of Manchester, and had two 
children : Alice J. and Ferdinand B. ; and 
Jacob F., bom September 30, 1845, ^^^^ 
July 20, 1846. 

(VI) Joseph Gardner Edgerly, third 
son of Samuel Johnson and Eliza (Bick- 
ford) Edgerly, was bom October 12, 
1838, in Barnstead, and was six years of 
age when he went with his parents to 
Manchester, New Hampshire. Until ten 
years of age, he had there the educational 
advantages supplied by the public schools, 
and then entered the Amoskeag mills as 
bobbin boy, where he continued one year. 
For the succeeding seven years he alter- 
nated between farm work and study, pay- 
ing his school expenses by his own labor. 
In 1857 he began an attendance of one 
year at the Manchester high school, and 
then engaged in teaching, alternating 
with farm work and study. In 1858 and 
1859 he taught school in Bakersville, and 
was called to be principal of the grammar 
school at Piscataquag at the close of that 
period. In 1862 he was transferred to a 
school in Manchester. Soon he secured 
leave of absence in order to enter the 
govemment postal service at Fortress 
Monroe. This he was soon forced to 
abandon by impaired health, and returned 
to Manchester. Soon he entered the 



sophomore class at Dartmouth College, 
and was graduated in 1867. He was at 
once elected superintendent of the Man- 
chester schools, and continued eight years 
in this position, which he resigned to 
become superintendent of schools at 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts. This position 
he filled thirty-nine years, making fifty- 
two years of continuous school work, and 
at the time of his retirement was dean of 
the Eastern States school superintend- 
ents. He has always striven to make 
Fitchburg schools an example for other 
schools, and with success, attracting the 
attention of educators throughout the 
United States and even in Europe, whence 
inquiries have often come concerning 
plans successfully worked out here. 
Fitchburg was the pioneer in the intro- 
duction of a part-time industrial course. 
While the school board usually has been 
equally divided as to race or religion, Mr. 
Edgerly was nearly always reelected 
unanimously, and school problems have 
been decided without deadlocks, pro- 
claiming the superintendent a diplomat 
and gentleman of varied qualifications. 
As a public speaker and worker for the 
best interests of the community, he enjoys 
an enviable reputation. For thirty-one 
years he has been a trustee of the Wallace 
Library, and twenty-two years trustee of 
Gushing Academy, and has held all the 
offices in the gift of the various educa- 
tional societies of the region. Upon his 
retirement in June, 1914, the Fitchburg 
Teachers Association gave him a recep- 
tion, attended by school committeemen 
and other officials, at the rooms of the 
Board of Trade and Merchants' Associa- 
tion, at which he was presented a book of 
congratulations and good wishes signed 
by every teacher of the schools and a 
purse of gold. Several prominent citizens, 
some of whom were educated under Su- 
perintendent Edgerly, made .addtesses, 
and in every way the guest of the even- 

ing was impressed with the good will and 
affection of officials, associates and the 
entire community. In addressing the 
meeting, Mr. Edgerly said: 

It would have been my personal desire to retire 
from this position with as little ceremony as was 
exhibited when I assumed the duties that have 
devolved upon me for nearly forty years. It 
should, in my opinion, be left to others to speak 
of what an official has accomplished or what he 
has failed to accomplish. It seems, however, that 
it has been decreed otherwise, in my case, and 
thus I am compelled to talk of myself and of my 
work— subjects whose consideration in some re- 
spects are not calculated to awaken the highest 
degree of enthusiasm. A condition of affairs is 
thus brought to my attention and in response to 
the kind words that have been said at this time I 
shall attempt to present some statements with 
reference to work of the past thirty-nine years 
and in this presentation of a£Fairs I shall un- 
doubtedly repeat what many of you have heard 
before but for this repetition I oflFer no excuse or 
apology. I cannot in justice to myself, allow the 
opportunity to pass without giving expression to 
my sense of appreciation of the support that has 
been given me by the members of the board who 
have retired from service, and also to those who 
at this time are active members thereof. These 
members have been my frinds not merely in an 
official capacity but I desire to say from the 
promptings of a grateful heart that no man who 
ever occupied an official position has had sup- 
porters more loyal or co-workers more steadfast, 
in their tokens of personal friendship than I have 
had in the persons of many who have been associ- 
ated with me in the past and others who are now 
laboring with me. This loyalty, this friendship 
has been manifested without stint at times when 
I was in sore need of sympathetic support and 
thus it is a pleasure for me in this public manner 
to make grateful acknowledgment thereof. These 
expressions savor not of eulogistic rhetoric nor 
of idle meaningless, flattery put forth at a time 
when relations are to be severed that are well 
nigh fraternal. Any man holding official position 
must expect to meet with harsh criticism and at 
times with fierce opposition. It has not been my 
lot to escape these comments or these criticisms 
and undoubtedly they were deserved, as no public 
official has the right to assume that his record 
does not deserve censure. Whatever may have 
been the record, whatever may have been 
the faih'ngs of the incumbent of this office. 



the hearty, the unfailing support of members of 
former boards and of the present board has been 
such that the labors of the position have been 
thereby lightened. Thus in retiring from such a 
position one feels that he is withdrawing from a 
circle in which personal friendship is a prominent 
feature. My appreciation of the courteous and 
sympathetic expressions from the teachers was 
expressed in a circular letter, a copy of which I 
sent a few months since to each and every teacher 
who signed a request that I reconsider my deter- 
mination to relinquish the duties of my position 
at the close of the present year. Such a petition 
signed by every teacher in the city is something 
of which anyone may justly feel piroud and in 
addition to what was said in reply to that petition, 
I must from the promptings of a grateful heart 
acknowledge my high appreciation of such a testi- 
monial. The kind and sjmipathetic expressions 
from many of the citizens of this municipality 
have given me cheer and encouragements, and I 
regret that I am unable to respond personally to 
each and every one of these manifest tokens of 
esteem. Words are inadequate for the expres- 
sions of appreciation of such tokens of friendship. 

"There are billows far out on the ocean 
That never can break on the beach, 
There are waves of human emotion 
That can find no expression in speech." 

Mr. Edgerly is a prominent and influ- 
ential member of the Masonic organiza- 
tion, having been made a Mason in Lafay- 
ette Lodge, No. 41, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Manchester, New 
Hampshire, in 1861. He is also a member 
of Mt. Horeb Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, and Adoniram Council, Royal and 
Select Masters, of Manchester. He was 
knighted in 1862, in Trinity Command- 
ery. Knights Templar, of Manchester, 
transferring his membership to Jerusa- 
lem Commandery, of Fitchburg, being 
past eminent commander of the latter. 
He is also a member of the Grand Com- 
mandery of Massachusetts and Rhode 
Island, in which he is an officer. He 
is a thirty-second degree Mason, hold- 
ing membership in the New Hampshire 
Consistory. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, hav- 
ing joined Wildey Lodge, of Manchester, 


of which he is past noble grand. Upon 
the organization of Apollo Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, of Fitch- 
burg, he affiliated with the latter, of 
which he was the first noble grand. He 
is a member of Wonolanset Encami>- 
ment, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of Manchester. He is a member of 
the Knights of Pythias, and the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks. In early 
life Mr. Edgerly took an active interest 
in the temperance movement. 

Mr. Edgerly married, April 10, 1877, 
Mary J. Graves, born February 10, 1842, 
in Groton, Massachusetts, daughter of 
John J. and Lucy (Pollard) Graves, of 
that town. The only child of this mar- 
riage, Louise Graves Edgerly, was born 
January 19, 1879, and died February 13, 
1901, in Fitchburg. Mrs. Edgerly passed 
away in Fitchburg, May 3, 1910. 

WHITCOMB, Henry E., 

Fiaaneier, EAterprUtac OitiieB. 

Whitcomb is an ancient English sur- 
name. The coat-of-arms is described. 
Paly of six or and sable three eagles disp. 
countercharged. Crest : Out of ducal cor- 
onet argent a demi-eagle per pale sable 
and argent wings countercharged (Burke's 
General Armory). Motto: Aquila non 
Capiat Muscas. Symon Whitcomb, of the 
English family, was one of the original 
patentees of the old Massachusetts Bay 

(I) John Whitcomb, the pioneer ances- 
tor of the American family, was born in 
England and is believed to have been son 
of John and Anne (Harper) Whitcomb, 
of London. John Harper, father of Anne 
Harper, was a member of the East India 
Company in 1620, and it is recorded that 
he gave to John Whitcomb a share in 
Virginia. John Whitcomb settled in 
Dorchester as early as 1633, and joined 
the church there in 1635. In 1640 he 


located in Scituate, Massachusetts, and 
in 1643 his name appeared in the list of 
those able to bear arms. He was a con- 
stable, and was admitted a freeman, June 
3, 1652. In 1654 he removed to Lancas- 
ter, of which he was one of the founders, 
and he died there, September 24, 1662, 
aged seventy-four years. He married, in 

England, Frances . Her will was 

dated May 12, 1671. She died May 17, 
1671. Her daughter Mary was executrix. 
He died intestate and his estate was 
divided among his heirs by agreement. 
Children: Catherine, married Rodolphus 
Ellmes, of Scituate ; James, lived in Bos- 
ton ; John, in Lancaster ; Robert, in Scitu- 
ate; Jonathan, mentioned below; Mary, 
married John Moore ; Josiah, bom in 1638. 

(II) Jonathan Whitcomb, son of John 
Whitcomb, was born in England about 
1630, died about 1690. In 1655 he re- 
moved to Lancaster and, except during 
King PJiilip's War, spent the rest of his 
life there, sharing the homestead with his 
brother John until the latter died in 1683. 
He married, November 25, 1667, Hannah 
Joslin, who was killed by Indians at Lan- 
caster, July 18, 1692. Children : Hannah, 
born September 17, 1668; Jonathan, men- 
tioned below ; Hannah, August 29, 1671 ; 
Abigail, May 5, 1674; Elizabeth, 1676; 
Katherine, 1678; Ruth, 1680; Mary, 1682; 
John, May 12, 1684. 

(III) Jonathan (2) Whitcomb, son of 
Jonathan (i) Whitcomb, was born in 
Lancaster, February 26, 1670, and died 
April 10, 171 5. He married (first) Mary 
Blood, daughter of Abraham and Mary 
Blood, of Lancaster. He married (sec- 
ond) September 4, 1710, at Concord, Deb- 
orah Scripture, of Groton. Children by 
first wife: Jonathan, mentioned below; 
Joseph ; Nathaniel ; Hannah ; Martha, 
born March 18, 1701 ; Ephraim, April, 
1702; Mary, 1704. Children by second 
wife: Benjamin, born December 11, 171 1, 
at Groton ; Lydia. 


(IV) Jonathan (3) Whitcomb, son of 
Jonathan (2) Whitcomb, was born at 
Lancaster in 1690, and died about 1767. 
He resided in Littleton, where he owned 
lime kilns. He was at various times tan- 
ner, currier, blacksmith, shoemaker and 
incidentally made coffins. The dam that 
he built at Littleton and his limestone 
quarry are objects of interest to descend- 
ants. He married. May 15, 1716, Deliver- 
ance Nutting, daughter of James Nutting, 
and granddaughter of John Nutting, who 
was the pioneer of Groton. Children: 
Jonathan, born December 23, 1717; Wil- 
liam, September 10, 1719; Oliver, August 
21, 1721; Elizabeth, January 17, 1723-24; 
Tamer, March 20, 1726; Lydia, March 22, 
1727-28; Job, April 16, 1730; Martha, De- 
cember 25, 1732; Abner, mentioned be- 
low ; Jotham, August 8, 1737. 

(V) Abner Whitcomb, son of Jona- 
than (3) Whitcomb, was born at Little- 
ton, February 4, 1734. He was a black- 
smith by trade. He was one of the Gro- 
ton minute-men who responded to the 
Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775. In 1783 
he settled in Hancock, New Hampshire, 
his first farm there being on the plain 
between Bald Hill and Norway Pond, 
about a mile north of the pond. This 
farm he gave to his son John and he re- 
moved to another a mile further east- 
ward. In 1806, however, he was living 
in a house that he had built on Main 
street. He was received in the church 
at Hancock by letter from the Groton 
church, April i, 1787. He married (first) 
March 27, 1759, Sarah Jefts, born July 12, 
1734. The name of his second wife is not 
known. He married (third) September 

8, 1796, Susannah . He married 

(fourth) February 21, 1806, Abigail Boyn- 
ton, who died in October, 1823, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Alice Boynton, of 
Hancock. During his last years he was 
totally blind. He died February 13, 1821. 
His widow went to live with her brother, 


then proprietor of the Lamb Tavern in 
Boston, but later returned to Hancock, 
where she died in 1823. Children by first 
wife: Abner, born at Groton, February 
13, 1760; Samuel, January 30, 1763; John, 
August 30, 1764; Ebenezer, July 30, 1766; 
Oliver, June 18, 1768; Eli, February 18, 
1770; Sarah, February 2, 1772; Ira, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1774; Lucy, died August 5, 
1823. Children by third wife : Ira Meads ; 
Eunice, died young. Child by fourth 
wife, David, mentioned below. 

(VI) David Whitcomb, son of Abner 
Whitcomb, was born at Hancock, New 
Hampshire, May 30, 1808. He was bound 
out at the age of seven in a family where 
he suffered harsh treatment and at the 
age of nine became chore-boy in another 
farmer's family, riding horse to plow, 
driving cows to pasture, tending a distil- 
lery. He received but little schooling, 
only a few winter terms in the district 
school. At the age of eighteen he left 
his native town on foot and obtained 
employment at Gill, Massachusetts, on a 
farm which is the site of Moody's Mount 
Hermon School. There he remained until 
September, 1829, when broken health 
drove him back to Hancock. The story 
of excessive labor and hardship during 
his childhood and youth were engraved 
on his deeply furrowed face, but his 
energy was not curbed nor his ambition 
crushed. When his health improved, he 
returned to work at Gill for a few weeks. 
He was then of age and possessed a capi- 
tal of $450, derived partly from his father's 
estate, partly from a gift from an uncle 
and from his own savings. He went to 
Templeton, hoping to start in business as 
a tin peddler in the employ of a cousin, 
John Boynton, who was a tinsmith, but 
his mission failed. He left Gill after a 
few weeks, and went on foot to North- 
ampton, where he found a place with a 
Mrs. Mills, caring for her horse and help- 
ing her in the kitchen for five dollars a 

month. He went to Ware to seek work 
in the mills and found a job in the hotel 
of Deacon Porter, building fires, helping 
in the kitchen, blacking boots and doing 
other chores, remaining until January, 

1830, when John Boynton sent for him. 
He went at once by stage to Petersham, 
and the rest of the way on foot. On the 
i8th he started on his first trip with his 
peddler's cart. After ^ second trip, Boyn- 
ton hired him for a year, giving him his 
board, one hundred dollars and a "vest" 
pattern. David Whitcomb demonstrated 
his business ability and made rapid prog- 
ress. He worked for a time in the shop. 
Boynton admitted him to partnership in 

1 83 1, the next year, and in 1832 he took 
charge of a branch of the business at 
Leominster. The business of the branch 
soon exceeded that of the headquarters 
and within two years he was virtually the 
head of the business, which he extended 
far beyond all former records. The part- 
nership continued for fifteen years in un- 
interrupted harmony. It was dissolved 
in 1846 when Mr. Boynton retired. In 
1848 Colonel Henry S. Smith, afterward 
his son-in-law, was admitted to partner- 
ship, and in 1853 Mr. Whitcomb sold his 
interests to this partner. In twenty hard 
but prosperous years in the tin business 
Mr. Whitcomb accumulated what was at 
that time a handsome fortune, but he was 
then at the very beginning of his life 
work. He came to Worcester in the 
spring of 1854, and in January, 1855, be- 
came a partner in the firm of C. Foster 
& Company, hardware dealers. During 
the Civil War he had the courage and 
foresight to buy at panic prices in large 
quantities and the firm reaped a harvest 
in profits. In January, 1866, he withdrew 
from the firm of C. Foster & Company, 
which became afterward the firm of Dun- 
can & Goodell Company, continuing as 
the foremost of the hardware houses of 
the city. He furnished the capital to 



establish his son in the envelope busi- 
ness, and during his later years his wis- 
dom and experience as well were devoted 
to the development of the envelope busi- 

In 1839 he joined the Trinitarian Con- 
gregational Church at Templeton and be- 
came a very earnest Christian, the chief 
pillar of the church. Morning and even- 
ing he maintained family worship, and 
he began to give to church and charities 
and during the forty-seven years of his 
life afterward his gifts never amounted 
to less than one hundred dollars; in two 
years only was the amount less than two 
hundred dollars ; for thirty-two years the 
amount exceeded one thousand dollars a 
year and in the last seven years his annual 
contributions exceeded ten thousand dol- 
lars. The total of his gifts, testamentary 
and otherwise, exceeded $350,000. No 
part of this great sum was g^ven for 
selfish purposes. The largest sums were 
given to institutions of learning and his 
favorite form of gift was in scholarships. 
He was one of the founders of the 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, origi- 
nally called the Worcester County Free 
Institute of Industrial Science. John 
Boynton, his former partner, had decided 
to give the larger part of his fortune to 
promote industrial education and it was 
Mr. Whitcomb who persuaded him to 
establish the school in Worcester. Hav- 
ing no formulated scheme of his own, Mr. 
Boynton by deed of gift placed $100,000 
in the hands of Mr. Whitcomb to carry 
out his purposes. Mr. Whitcomb took 
counsel with his pastor. Rev. Mr. Sweet- 
ser, and Governor Emory Washburn, the 
advisor of Ichabod Washburn, who had 
a purpose similar to that of Mr. Boynton. 
Subsequently Stephen Salisbury gave his 
financial assistance and cooperation. In 
1869 the institute was founded and as its 
trustee and treasurer Mr. Whitcomb con- 
tinued for many years to aid and support 

it. He contributed more than $27,000 to 
its funds and had much to do with mak- 
ing it a model of its kind in a new field 
of educational work. 

In 1883 he made a voyage to Europe 
for his health and was greatly benefited, 
but his work was nearly done. Gradually 
he set his house in order and prepared, as 
few men do, to take leave of life. He died 
July 8, 1887. Tributes to his memory 
came from men in all walks of life, from 
teachers, clergymen, business men and 
statesmen, students and laborers alike, 
appreciative of his useful life and noble 
character. Senator Hoar said: "He was 
one of the best types of the New Eng- 
land character, faithful and true and 
strong and wise." 

He married, April 9, 1833, Margaret 
Cummings, born at Littleton, New Hamp- 
shire, November i, 1808, died at Temple- 
ton, August I, 1886 (see Cummings VII). 
Children: i. Abby Boynton, born Janu- 
ary 7, 1834, died May 7, 1898; married 
Colonel Henry S. Smith, of Boston. 2. 
Ellen Margaret, born March 31, 1841, died 
unmarried April 18, 1882. 3. George 
Henry, mentioned below. 

(VII) George Henry Whitcomb, son 
of David Whitcomb, was born at Temple- 
ton, September 26, 1842. He came to 
Worcester with his father in 1853 and 
attended the public school on Thomas 
street. In i860 he graduated from Phil- 
lips Academy, Andover, and entered Am- 
herst College from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1864. He was gymnasium captain 
of his class and orator at commencement. 
On account of ill health he made a trip 
to Europe in a sailing vessel in the sum- 
mer of 1863 and returned much improved. 
In 1867 he received the honorary degree 
of Master of Arts from Amherst. He 
was a member of the Gamma Chapter of 
the Psi Upsilon fraternity and of the Phi 
Beta Kappa. During the summer of 1864 
he was employed in the hardware store of 


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Calvin Foster & Company, in which his 
father was a partner, but found the work 
uncongenial and made a trip through the 
Middle West, where, in Ohio, he investi- 
gated the manufacture of strawboard and 
writing paper, learned of the possibilities 
of making envelopes, and decided to take 
up that line of industry." On his return to 
Worcester he interested his father in the 
work, and the elder man invested some 
money in the first envelope factory estab- 
lished in Worcester. This was on School 
street, the site now occupied by the fire 
department, and Mr. Whitcomb had one 
Arnold machine, which, through the 
genius of two young mechanics in his 
employ, was developed into the present 
Swift envelope machine, capable of turn- 
ing out 7S,ooo envelopes a day, counted 
in bunches of twenty-five and boxed 
ready for shipment. In a few months the^ 
School street shop was outgrown and in 
1865 Mr. Whitcomb moved to Main and 
Walnut streets, where he remained until 
his father erected a new factory building 
on Mercantile street. At first his wife 
was bookkeeper and he was clerk, cutter, 
machine tender, packer and shipper. Dur- 
ing the first year he lost one thousand 
dollars; during the second he made his 
living and saved one hundred dollars, and 
in the third year a profit of two thousand 
dollars. In some of his later years, when 
the business was most prosperous, the 
profits exceeded $100,000. He has often 
said that it was his wife who cheered, in- 
spired and encouraged him during the 
early years when progress was slow and 
failure threatened. 

On January i, 1866, he moved into the 
new building on Mercantile street, which 
was the first in the United States built 
for the exclusive manufacture of enve- 
lopes. The elder Whitcomb sold out his 
interest in the Calvin Foster & Company 
business and became associated with his 
son under the firm name of G. Henry 


Whitcomb & Company. At first the 
capacity was 100,000 envelopes a day, but 
soon it became a million, and in five years 
the factory was too small for the business. 
In 1872 Mr. Whitcomb erected a new 
factory at Lincoln square and this was 
increased by additions built in 1878, 1886 
and 1889, until it was one of the largest 
factory buildings in Worcester. They 
had one hundred thousand feet of floor 
space and an annual capacity of six hun- 
dred million envelopes, two million five 
hundred thousand straw and news board 
boxes, not including a vast quantity re- 
quired for the product of the concern. 
The machines used have been built in the 
Whitcomb shops and all the patents 
owned by the company. 

In 1884 the partnership was merged 
into a Massachusetts corporation known 
as the Whitcomb Envelope Company, 
with capital stock of $150,000, David 
Whitcomb, president, G. Henry Whit- 
comb, treasurer and manager. After 
the death of David Whitcomb, M. F. 
Dickinson, of Boston, a college mate of 
G. Henry Whitcomb, was elected presi- 
dent. In 1894 Henry E. Whitcomb en- 
tered the business and gradually assumed 
the management. In 1898 the Whitcomb 
Envelope Company became a division of 
the United States Envelope Company and 
Mr. Whitcomb retired, though he re- 
mained vice-president and a director of 
the new corporation, and his son, Henry 
E. Whitcomb, became manager of the 
old' plant, which has since been known as 
the Whitcomb Envelope Company Divi- 

In Mr. Whitcomb's employ more than 
in that of any other manufacturer, the 
men most prominent in the envelope in- 
dustry of the present time were trained 
and developed. Among those who started 
with him as boys were James Logan, the 
present general manager of the United 
States Envelope Company; the Swift 


brothers, and John S. Brigham, who were 
the founders of the Logan, Swift & Brig- 
ham Envelope Company; Charles W. 
Gray, later of the New England Envelope 
Company ; John A. Sherman, of the Sher- 
man Envelope Company; Charles Hey- 
wood, of the National Envelope Com- 
pany; Frederick A. Bill, of the Spring- 
field Envelope Company; Ezra Water- 
house, of the Worcester Envelope Com- 
pany, and others. 

Mr. Whitcomb was also interested in 
real estate development. His first big 
venture was the erection of the Cum- 
mings Block at 53-61 Main street, in the 
construction of which face tile was used 
for the first time in Worcester. He later 
erected the Whitcomb Building at 78-80 
Front street and the Granite Block at 82- 
84 Front street. His residence at 51 Har- 
vard street was the first granite dwelling 
house erected in Worcester. Up to within 
a few years of his death he was dividing 
his time between Worcester and the west- 
ern cities, notably Seattle and Pueblo, 
Colorado, where he owned considerable 
property. Mr. Whitcomb had the ability 
to see values before they were expressed 
in edifices and other things that denote 
prosperity. He also developed consider- 
able of the business property in the busi- 
ness center of Pueblo and Seattle. The 
present location of the retail center of 
Seattle on Upper Second avenue is due 
in no small measure to the construction 
there by Mr. Whitcomb, sometimes with 
the cooperation of eastern friends. 
Among the enterprises in Seattle in which 
Mr. Whitcomb was interested financially 
were the Lowman tract, the Capitol hill 
addition and extensions, the Estabrook 
Building, the Arcade Building, the Whit- 
comb Building, the Arcade Annex, the 
Amherst Building and the Washington 
Annex Hotel. 

Apart from his being engaged in manu- 
facturing and the real estate business in 

Worcester, Mr. Whitcomb did not con- 
cern himself a great deal with general 
financial operations in that city. He was 
for some time a director of the old First 
National Bank, which with the old Cen- 
tral and the Quinsigamond were absorbed 
by the Worcester Trust Company, and a 
director of the Massachusetts Loan and 
Trust Company. In addition to this he 
was formerly president of the Worcester 
& Marlboro Street Railway; president of 
the Standard Cattle Company of Wyo- 
ming; president of the Boston Raisin 
Company; and a director of the follow- 
ing: The United States Coal and Oil 
Company, the Equitable Securities Com- 
pany of New York, the Columbia Paper 
Company, the Hartford Manufacturing 
Company, which manufactured govern- 
ment stamped envelopes, and of the State 
Bank of St. John, Kansas. 

Mr. Whitcomb was associated in the 
eighties with Henry D. Hyde, now de- 
ceased, Henry M. Whitney; his lifelong 
friend, M. F. Dickinson, his college mate, 
Elmer P. Howe, and Colonel Albert E. 
Pope, in obtaining control of the develop- 
ment of the land along the line of the 
West End Street Railway Company, in 
Boston, and the disposal of the holdings 
of the West End Land Company netted 
those interested a large sum of money. 

Mr. Whitcomb also took a prominent 
part in guiding several educational insti- 
tutions. In 1884 he was elected a life 
trustee and for several years prior to his 
death had been the senior member of the 
board of Amherst College, and served as 
treasurer of the college in 1897-98, and he 
served for many years on the finance com- 
mittee, to the great g^in of its endow- 
ment funds ; he also acted as trustee mem- 
ber of the finance committee of Holyoke 
College, of Oberlin College, Ohio, and of 
the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, in 
the establishment of which his father was 
counselor of Mr. Boynton, and he also 



helped many other schools and colleges in 
an advisory and financial way. He was 
president of the Amherst Alumni Asso- 
ciation of Central Massachusetts; was a 
member of the Andover Alumni Associa- 
tion, serving at one time as vice-presi- 
dent; treasurer of the Gamma Chapter 
Corporation of the Psi Upsilon fraternity, 
and a member of the Phi Beta Kappa. He 
held membership in the Congregational 
Club of Worcester, of which he was for- 
merly president, and many years ago, 
when he was frequently in New York, 
he called at the Transportation Club, in 
which he retained membership up to his 

Mr. Whitcomb was a man of very deep 
religious beliefs, and as in his business 
life, his beliefs were expressed in action. 
He was formerly a member of Central 
Congregational Church, but in 1884 he 
became a member of Plymouth Congre- 
gational Church, where he served as 
deacon for many years, also as trustee 
of the parish, and for many years taught 
a large Sunday school class. From 1890 
to 1906 he was a member of the pruden- 
tial committee of the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions, be- 
ing chairman of the board for nine years, 
and during those sixteen years he rarely 
failed to attend the all-day meetings of 
the board at Boston. After the rules of 
the American Board relieved him from 
his position, he was made a member of 
the executive and finance committees of 
the American Missionary Association, the 
great home missionary agent of the Con- 
gregational church, and for many years 
regularly attended their meetings in New 
York City. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican, but the only public office he held 
was that of member of the Worcester 
School Committee for two years. For a 
number of years he was vice-president of 
the Worcester Board of Trade. 

Mr. Whitcomb married (first) October 

II, 1865, Abbie Miller Estabrook, born 
April 8, 1842, died June i, 1900, daugh- 
ter of Francis Chaffin and Caroline (Mil- 
ler) Estabrook (see Estabrook VI). He 
married (second) January 22, 1902, Eliza- 
beth (Shannon) Wickware, of Seattle, 
Washington. Children by first wife: 
Francis Chaffin, born March 5, 1867, died 
August 12, 1867; Anne Boynton, born 
October 22, 1868, died March 28, 1871 ; 
Henry Estabrook, mentioned below ; Mar- 
garet, born July 12, 1873, died July 12, 
1873 ; Emma Caroline, born February 26, 
1876, died May 29, 1902; David, men- 
tioned below; Ernest Miller, mentioned 

Mr. Whitcomb passed away at his late 
home. No. 51 Harvard street, Worcester, 
February 13, 1916, aged seventy-three 
years. The three sons, Henry E. Whit- 
comb, of Worcester, David Whitcomb, of 
Seattle and Ernest M. Whitcomb, of Am- 
herst, are the executors, sole beneficiaries 
and trustees under the will and codicils. 

(VIII) Henry Estabrook Whitcomb, 
son of George Henry Whitcomb, was 
born in Worcester, August 18, 1871. He 
received his education in the Worcester 
Academy, the Worcester High School, 
and Amherst College, from which he was 
graduated in 1894 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. While in college, as 
manager of the Musical Clubs, he ar- 
ranged and carried out a tour in England 
in the summer of 1894, taking forty stu- 
dents and giving concerts all over Eng- 
land. This was the pioneer trip of any 
American college musical organization in 
Europe. He is one of the editors of the 
'94 Bugle, a graduate periodical of his 
class, and is the permanent class secre- 
tary. In August, 1894, he entered busi- 
ness life at Worcester as an employee of 
the Whitcomb Envelope Conupsiny, and 
soon afterward was elected assistant 
treasurer and secretary of the corpora- 
tion. In 1898 he became manager of the 



plant, after the consolidation, the busi- 
ness being conducted under the name of 
the Whitcomb Envelope Company Divi- 
sion, United States Envelope Company. 
In March, 1903, he shared a half-interest 
in United States patent. No. 721,701, cov- 
•ering an envelope-folding device, invent- 
ed by George H. Hallop. In 1909 he was 
treasurer of the Morgan Company, manu- 
facturers of motor trucks. After a year 
and a half he left that concern and estab- 
lished the Greendale Lumber & Supply 
Company, manufacturers of wooden 
boxes and cases, and developed the lum- 
ber business in that section of the city 
of Worcester, and in 1912 he sold the 
business as a going concern and retired. 
Since September, 1909, when he resigned 
as division manager for the United States 
Envelope Company, he has devoted his 
time mainly to caring for his financial and 
real estate interests and to the business 
of his father's estate, the management of 
which devolved upon his three sons. He 
is secretary of the Wachusett Investment 
Company, president of the Estabrook In- 
vestment Company, vice-president of the 
Arcade Building and Realty Company. 
He was vice-chairman and treasurer of 
the Republican city committee of Worces- 
ter in 1898-1900. He is president of the 
Worcester High School Alumni Associa- 
tion, and has been successively secretary, 
vice-president and president of the Am- 
herst Alumni Association of Central Mas- 
sachusetts. He was a founder and one of 
the original board of directors of the Mer- 
chants' National Bank of Worcester, and 
an incorporator of the Worcester County 
Institution for Savings and of the Peo- 
ple's Savings Bank of Worcester. Mr. 
Whitcomb was one of the organizers and 
president of the Worcester Association of 
Building Owners and Managers. In 1916 
he took the initiative of the largest real 
estate owners of Worcester, representing 
eighteen to twenty million dollars of as- 


sessed property for the protection of 
property owners. In 191 5 he was one of 
the prime movers in forming the Worces- 
ter Military Training School. He is an 
active member and for years an assessor 
of Plymouth Congregational Church, life 
member of the Young Men's Christian 
Association and life member of the Amer- 
ican Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
Missions. He also holds membership in 
the Sons of the American Revolution, be- 
ing eligible through the services of nine 
ancestors, namely : Abner Whitcomb, pri- 
vate in Bennington, Vermont, company; 
Jonathan Whitcomb, private under Gen- 
eral Prescott and fifer of the Bolton, Mas- 
sachusetts, company ; - Lieutenant John 
Cummings, an active participant in the 
battle of Bunker Hill ; Captain John Cum- 
mings, also at Bunker Hill ; Daniel Esta- 
brook, minute-man from, the town of Rut- 
land, Massachusetts; Samuel Chaf&n, 
minute-man from Littleton, Massachu- 
setts; Lewis Miller, minute-man from 
Milton, Massachusetts ; David Fuller, and 
Captain Aaron Fuller, his son, from Ded- 
ham, Massachusetts. He is connected 
with the Massachusetts Chapter and 
Worcester Chapter of that order. He is 
a member of the Worcester Society of 
Antiquity, Worcester National Historical 
Society, Worcester Art Museum (life 
member), Worcester Agricultural Soci- 
ety, University Club of Boston, the Eco- 
nomic Club, the Tatnuck Country Club, 
the Tatassit Canoe Club of Worcester, 
the Psi Upsilon fraternity and the Psi 
Upsilon Club of New York. 

Mr. Whitcomb married, June 20, 1895, 
at Newton Center, Massachusetts, Ger- 
trude Elouise Dowling, who was bom at 
Providence, Rhode Island, December 27, 
1872, daughter of the Rev. Dr. George 
Thomas Dowling, born June 2, 1849, ^^^ 
Mary Hatfield (Justin) Dowling, bom 
May 21, 1849, ^t Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, and granddaughter of John Dow- 


ling, a native of Pevensy, England, and 
Maria Sampson (Perkins) Dowling. Her 
parents were married at Philadelphia, 
June 28, 1870. She is a member of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, 
Friday Morning Club, Woman's Club and 
the Mother's Club. Children, born in 
Worcester: i. Henry Dowling, bom June 
22, 1897; graduate of Milton Academy, 
1914, student in Amherst College, class 
of 1919; was leader of the Academy Glee 
Club, member of the Mandolin Club and 
was manager of the Hockey Team in 
1914; member of the College Orchestra, 
and played on the Amherst Freshmen 
football team. 2. Douglas, born January 
18, 1899; student in Milton Academy, 
class of 1 91 7. 3. George Francis, born 
August 24, 1900; student in Worcester 
Academy, class of 1919. Each of the 
three sons are members of Washington 
Guard, Sons of the American Revolution. 
(VIII) David Whitcomb, son of George 
Henry Whitcomb, was born in Worces- 
ter, January 22, 1879. After graduating 
from the English High School in his 
native city, he attended the Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute for one year, then 
entered Amherst College in advanced 
standing and was graduated with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts (cum laude) in 
1900. He was one of the commencement 
speakers. While in college he was on 
the editorial board of the "Amherst Stu- 
dent." He is a member of the Psi Up- 
silon fraternity and of Phi Beta Kappa. 
From 1900 to 1902 he was with Silver, 
Burdett & Company of New York in the 
editorial department. Fri>m 1902 to 1904 
he was a student in Harvard Law School, 
and in 1904-05 in George Washington 
University, Washington, D. C, receiving 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1905, 
and in the same year he received the de- 
gree of Master of Arts at Amherst. He 
is a member of the bar in Massachusetts, 

New York and the State of Washington. 
From 1905 to 1909 he practiced law in 
New York City, making his home at 
Stamford, Connecticut, where he had a 
stock farm. Since then he has made his 
home in Seattle, Washington, and has fol- 
lowed his profession. He is a partner in 
the law firm of Beebe & Whitcomb. He 
is president of the Arcade Building and 
Realty Company, vice-president of the 
Seattle Building Owners and Managers 
Association, and of the Title Trust Com- 
pany, director of the National City Bank, 
the Estabrook Investment Company, and 
various other corporations. He is a mem- 
ber of the National Association of Build- 
ing Owners and Managers, and chairman 
of the Income Tax Committee. He is a 
member and one of the founders of the 
College Club and of the College Club 
Outing Association of Seattle, member of 
the Cosmos Club of Washington, the Psi 
Upsilon Club of New York, the College 
Club, the Rainier Club, the Golf Club, the 
Yacht Club, the Automobile Club, and 
the Commercial Club of Seattle. He is 
keenly interested in the subject of good 
roads and public improvements in Seat- 
tle and vicinity, and is active in the Paci- 
fic Highway Association and the Cham- 
ber of Commerce. From time to time he 
has delivered illustrated lectures on the 
Columbia Highway, the fauna and flora 
of Washington and kindred subjects. He 
is president and treasurer of Woodway 
Park Corporation, which is developing a 
magnificent tract on Puget Sound. He is 
president of the Amherst Alumni Asso- 
ciation of Puget Sound, and is treasurer 
of the Psi Upsilon Club of Seattle. For 
three years he has been a trustee of Pil- 
grim Congregational Church, and he is 
also a trustee of the Washington Congre- 
gational Conference and overseer of 
Whitman College of Walla Walla. While 
in New York he was a member of the 



Seventh Regiment. He is a member of 
the Young Men's Republican Club of 

Mr. Whitcomb married, September 13, 
191 1, Mildred Osgood, who was born 
June 20, 1884, daughter of Benjamin F. 
and Arabella (Quimby) Osgood. Her 
father is a retired manufacturing jeweler 
of Boston. Mrs. Whitcomb is a member 
of the Sunset Club, the Daughters of the 
American Revolution and various other 
clubs and social organizations, and is 
active in social and church work. 

(Vni) Ernest Miller Whitcomb, son 
of George Henry Whitcomb, was born in 
Worcester, February 28, 1882. He is a 
graduate of the Worcester Classical High 
School and of Amherst College, receiving 
from the latter institution the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, 1904, and Master of 
Arts, 1907. He is a member of the Phi 
Beta Kappa and Psi Upsilon fraternity. 
In 1904 he attended the University of 
Jena, Germany. The following six years 
he was engaged in the commercial paper 
and banking business in Boston, Chicago 
and New York. He is treasurer of the 
Alumni Council of Amherst College. 
Since 1910 he has resided at Amherst, 
Massachusetts. He is vice-president of 
the First National Bank of Amherst, trus- 
tee of the Amherst Savings Bank, treas- 
urer of the Arcade Building and Realty 
Company, and director of the Contoocook 
Mills Corporation and the United States 
Envelope Company. He has taken an 
active part in public affairs, and is a mem- 
ber of the Republican town committee. 
He has served in the militia in two states, 
in the First Corps of Cadets, Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Militia, and in Squadron 
A, National Guard, New York. He at- 
tends the Episcopal church and is vestry- 
man of Grace Church, Amherst. He is a 
member of the Union League Club of 
New York, the University Club of Chi- 

cago, the Bankers Club of America, and 
the Laurentian Club of Canada. 

Mr. Whitcomb married, April 21, 1909, 
Anna Gauntlett, who was bom October 
20, 1880, daughter of John C. and Mary 
Celestia (McGraw) Gauntlett, of Ithaca, 
New York. 

(The Cummlnffa Line). 

(I) Isaac Cummings, the immigrant 
ancestor, was born in England in 1601, 
and died in 1677. In 1639 he owned land 
in Ipswich, but settled in Topsfield. He 
held various town offices there. He mar- 
ried and had children: Isaac, Elizabeth, 
John, Ann. 

(II) John Cununings, son of Isaac 
Cummings, died December 3, 1700. He 
removed from Topsfield to Dunstable 
about 1680 and was selectman in 1682. 
He married Sarah, daughter of Ensign 
Thomas and Alice (French) Howlett, of 
Ipswich. His wife died December 7, 
1700. Children: John, Thomas, Na- 
thaniel, Sarah, Abraham, Isaac, Ebenezer, 
William, Eleazer, Benjamin, Samuel. 

(III) John (2) Cummings, son of John 
(i) Cummings, was born in Boxford, 
1657. He lived at Dunstable. He mar- 
ried, September 13, 1680, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Brack- 
ett) Kinsley. His wife was killed by 
Indians, July 3, 1706, and he was 
wounded at the same time, but escaped. 
Children : John, Samuel, Ebenezer, Anna, 
Lydia, William. 

(IV) Deacon John (3) Cummings, son 
of John (2) Cummings, was born July 
7, 1682, and died April 27,- 1759. He was 
first deacon of the church at Westford; 
moderator of the first town meeting and 
selectman. In 1736 he was town clerk. 
He married, October 3, 1705, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Pelatiah and Ruth Adams, 
of Chelmsford, born April 26, 1680, died 
April 30, 1759. Children: Elizabeth, 



Mary, John, William, Thomas, Abigail, 
Ephraim, Bridget. 

(V) Lieutenant John (4) Cummings, 
son of Deacon John (3) Cummings, was 
born June i, 1720. He settled in Groton 
and served in the French and Indian War 
and later in the Revolution. He removed 
to Hancock, New Hampshire, and was 
one of the founders of the church there. 
He married, January 29, 1736, Sarah, 
daughter of Eleazer and Mary Lawrence, 
of Littleton. Children: John, Eleazer, 
Sarah, Peter, Mitty, Reuben, Sybil. He 
died September 20, 1789, and his wife 
died October 3, 1799. 

(VI) Captain John (5) Cummings, son 
of Lieutenant John (4) Cummings, was 
born at Groton, March 16, 1737. He 
settled in Hollis, New Hampshire, where 
he lived until June, 1779, when he was 
in Hancock. He was ensign of Captain 
Dow's company. Colonel Prescott*s regi- 
ment, and was in the battle of Bunker 
Hill. He was afterward a captain. He 
married, August. 6, 1761, Rebecca, daugh- 
ter of f Peter Reed, of Littleton. He 
died October 5, 1805, and his widow died 
October 28, 1807. Children: Peter, Re- 
becca, Sarah, John, Rebecca, Abigail, 
Asahel, Henry, Benajah, Betty, Adams, 

(VII) Asahel Cummings, son of Cap- 
tain John (s) Cummings, was born 
in Hollis, January 13, 1777. He was a 
carpenter, living in Hancock. He mar- 
ried (first) March 3, 1801, Polly, daugh- 
ter of David and Margaret (Mitchell) 
Ames, born February 12, 1783, died No- 
vember II, 1853. He married (second) 
September 19, 1854, Dolly (Flint) Ware, 
born September 20, 1794, at Maiden, 
Massachusetts. He died in Hancock, 
December 29, 1864; his wife, December 
II, 1873. Children: Reed, born Novem- 
ber 14, 1801; David, February 7, 1804; 
Mary, August 20, 1806; Margaret, No- 
vember I, 1808, married David Whit- 

MASS-Voi' iv-17 257 

comb (see Whitcomb VI); John, June 
13, 181 1 ; Jane, November 4, 1812; Asahel 
Ames, October 11, 1823 ; Benjamin Frank- 
lin, May 14, 1827. 

(The BBtabrook Line). 

(I) Rev. Joseph Estabrook, the immi- 
grant ancestor, was born in Enfield, Eng- 
land. He graduated from. Harvard Col- 
lege in 1664; was colleague of Rev. Ed- 
ward Bulkeley, minister of Concord, and 
from 1696 to 171 1 was minister at Con- 
cord. He was admitted freeman. May 3, 
1665. His election sermon in 1705 was 
published. The "Boston News Letter" 
said of him : "Eminent for his skill in the 
Hebrew language and a most orthodox, 
learned and worthy divine, of excellent 
principles in religion, indefatigable labor- 
ous in the ministry and of holy life and 
conversation." His brother Thomas lived 
at Concord and Swansea. He married, 
May 20, 1668, Mary, daughter of Cap- 
tain Hugh and Esther Mason. She was 
born December 16, 1640. Children: Jo- 
seph, born May 6, 1669; Benjamin, Feb- 
ruary 24, 1670-71 ; ; Mary, October 28, 
1672; Rev. Samuel, June 7, 1674; Daniel, 
mentioned below; Ann, December 30, 

(II) Daniel Estabrook, son of Rev. Jo- 
seph Estabrook, was born February 10, 
1676, and died January 7, 1735. He lived 
at Lexington and Weston and in Sud- 
bury, where he bought land in 1704. He 
married Abigail Flint, born January 11, 
167s, died November, 1770, daughter of 
John and Mary (Oakes) Flint Children : 
Abigail, born September 25, 1702 ; Daniel, 
mentioned below; Benjamin, May 7, 
1708; Samuel, August 18, 1710; Mary, 
November 2, 1712; Anne, November 13, 

(III) Cornet Daniel (2) Estabrook, 
son of Daniel (i) Estabrook, was born at 
Sudbury, June 14, 1705, and died at Rut- 
land, August 21, 1799. He lived in Rut- 


land from 1710 until he died. His wife 
Hannah was born in 1713, died August 5, 
1775. Children, born at Rutland : Daniel, 
born July 26, 1737; Thaddeus, May 22, 
1739; Hannah, June 22, 1741 ; Daniel, 
mentioned below; Abigail, February 19, 
1745 ; Thaddeus, March 24, 1747-48; Ben- 
jamin, May 4, 1750 ; John, March 22, 1752 ; 
Anne, December 30, 1754; Elizabeth, 


(IV) Daniel (3) Estabrook, son of Cor- 
net Daniel (2) Estabrook, was born in 
1 743' ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ Rutland, August 21, 
1797. He was a sergeant in Captain 
David Bent's company, Colonel Nathan 
Sparhawk's regiment on the Bennington 
Alarm in 1777, marching from Rutls^nd. 
He married, April 16, 1766, Persis New- 
ton, who died December 25, 1828, aged 
eighty-six years, daughter of Hezekiah 
Newton, of Paxton. Children, born at 
Rutland: Daniel, born November 15, 
1767; Jedediah, mentioned below; Jonah, 
January 25, 1770; Samuel, August 11, 
1772; Silas, June 26, 1774; Persis and 
Sophia, September 26, 1776; Samuel, June 

16, 1779. 

(V) Jedediah Estabrook, son of Dan- 
iel (3) Estabrook, was born December 

17, 1768, at Rutland, died February 15, 
1845. He married (first) April 18, 1792, 
Elizabeth Chaffin, born December 17, 
1770, died July 18, 1823. He married 
(second) December 23, 1824, Nabby 
Read, widow. Children by first wife, born 
at Rutland : Artemas, born December 14, 
1792; Dr. George, August 26, 1795; 
Charles, June 20, 1796; Warren, April 18, 
1798; Francis Chaffin, mentioned below; 
Joel, July 8, 1805 ; Elizabeth M., Septem- 
ber 15, 1807; Persis Louisa, May 4, 1810. 

(VI) Francis Chaffin Estabrook, son 
of Jedediah Estabrook, was born at Rut- 
land, February 25, 1800, died at Dayton, 
Ohio, July 12, 1871., He married, at 
Northboro, October 11, 1837, Caroline 
Miller, born at Mendon, February 20, 


1808, died at Dayton, January 9, 1851. 
Children, born at Dayton: Hattie C, 
born March 25, 1839, married, March 10, 
1864, David W. Chancellor ; Abbie Miller, 
April 8, 1842, married, October 11, 1865, 
George Henry Whitcomb (see Whit- 
comb VII) ; Emma Caroline, July 26, 
1847, married, October 19, 1871, Will T. 
Brown, of Worcester. 

WHITCOMB* Alonzo WUtoiu 

Josiah Whitcomb, son of John Whit- 
comb (q. v.), was born in Dorchester, 
Massacht^etts, in 1638. He went to 
Lancaster with his father and made his 
home in what is now Bolton. During 
Queen Anne's War his house was a 
garrison for refuge from Indian attacks, 
and he was the commander. In 1705 he 
was selectman of Lancaster, and in 1708 
with twenty-nine others he signed the 
church covenant. In 17 10 he was 
deputy to the General Court. He died 
April 12, 1718, and in his will dated March 
20, 1718, left to his children land in 
Littleton. His gravestone may be seen 
in the old burying ground at Bolton. 
He married, January 4, 1664, at Lancas- 
ter, Rebecca Waters, daughter of Lawr- 
ence and Ann (Linton) Waters. She 
was born in February, 1640, died in 1726. 
Children: Josiah, born November 12, 
1665, died same day; Josiah, January 7, 
1667; David, mentioned below; Rebecca, 
November 12, 1671 ; Joanna, March 8, 
1674 ; Hezekiah, September 14, 1681 ; 
Deborah, December 26, 1683; Damaris, 
Mary, Abigail, March 13, 1687-88; 

(Ill) David Whitcomb, son of Josiah 
Whitcomb, was born February 20, 1668. 
He married, May 31, 1700, in Concord, 
Mary (Hay ward) Fairbanks, widow of 
Jgnathan Fairbanks, who was killed by 
Indians at Lancaster, September 4, 1697. 


She was taken captive at the time her 
first husband was killed and carried to 
Canada, returning on the province gal* 
ley from Casco Bay, January 17, 1699. 
While with the Indians she acquired a 
knowledge of medicinal herbs and after- 
ward dispensed medicines and was called 
''doctress/' David's home was in the 
southeastern part of Bolton and he kept 
a tavern. He died intestate, April 11, 
1730, and his wife, Mary, January 5, 

1734, aged seventy-six years. Children: 
David, Jonathan, Joseph, Rebecca, bap- 
tized 1708; Benjamin, 1710; Simon, 
baptized March 7, 1713-14. 

(IV) Joseph Whitcomb, son of David 
Whitcomb, was born at Lancaster. He 
married, January 20, 1725, Damaris 
Priest, daughter of John and Anna 
(Houghton) Priest. About 1760 they re- 
moved to West Swanzey, New Hamp- 
shire, where he built a saw mill and grist 
mill on the water privilege where the 
Stratton mills are now located. He be- 
came the owner of large tracts of land. 
He was a soldier in the French and 
Indian War, being lieutenant of Com- 
pany Four, under Captain John Warner 
and Colonel Samuel Willard in the 
Louisburg expedition; also lieutenant in 
the Crown Point expedition in 1755 and 
captain in Colonel Timothy Ruggles' 
regiment in 1758. His five sons were 
prominent in the Revolution, one being 
a general, two colonels and another lieu- 
tenant. He died in November, 1792, at 
Swanzey. Children: Abigail, born April 
13, 1726; Elizabeth, December 3, 1728; 
Joseph, March 15, 1731-32, lieutenant at 
Ticonderoga; Benjamin, September i, 

1735, died young; Damaris, January 7, 
1737, died young; Benjamin, September 
^f ^738; Jonathan Priest, mentioned be- 
low; Elisha, October 18, 1742, major; 
Elizabeth, twin of Elisha ; Damaris, May 
21, 1746; Philemon, October 29, 1748, 
general; Abijah, June 25 or 27, 1751. 

(V) Jonathan Priest Whitcomb, son 
of Joseph Whitcomb, was born January 
14, 1740, at Leominster. He married, 
September 5, 1764, Dorothy Carter, born 
March 9, 1746, died October 22, 1827. 
They settled at Swanzey where he kept 
the first tavern and the first general 
store. He served in the Revolution for 
eight months and a half at the siege of 
Boston in 1775. He was captain of the 
largest company in Colonel James Reid's 
regiment at Lexington, April 19, 1775, 
and at Bunker Hill, June 17. His com- 
pany encamped on Winter Hill. In 1775 
he was commissioned colonel. Colonel 
and Mrs. Whitcomb used to make horse- 
back trips to Boston and on one occasion 
brought home some lilacs, the first they 
ever saw, and planted them on the 
homestead in Swanzey. He died June 

13, 1792, and the survivors of his regi- 
ment attended the funeral. Children: 
Dorothy, born May 23, 1765; Jonathan, 
September 20, 1766; John, March 22, 
1768; Nathan, mentioned below; John, 
March 9, 1772; Ephraim, June 4 or 9, 
1774; Damaris, April 29, 1777; Anna, 
April 9, 1779; Ephraim, February 26, 
1782; Salome, March 3, 1784, died 
young; Salome, April 25, 1786. 

(VI) Nathan Whitcomb, son of Jona- 
than Priest Whitcomb, was bom May 

14, 1770, in Swanzey where his life was 
spent. He married, October 23, 1791, 
Penelope White, born 1771, died March 
15* 1850. Children: Leonard, bom 
January 26, 1793; Carter, mentioned be- 
low; Otis, September, 1796, who, with 
Joshua Halbrook, formed the inspiration 
for the original "Joshua Whitcomb" in 
Denman Thompson's famous play; Na- 
than, died in Fitchburg; Alva, born 1800; 
Lyman, April 22, 1804; Eliza; son, died 
March 9, 1812, aged two years; two 
children died in infancy. 

(VII) Carter Whitcomb, son of Na- 
than Whitcomb, was bom at Swanzey, 



February 9, 1794. He married, Decem- 
ber 26, 1815, Lucy Baker, born February 
4, 1794, died October 3, 1890, daughter 
of Jonidab Baker, of Marlborough, New 
Hampshire. He was a merchant and 
manufacturer of woolen goods from 
1815 to 1837 at Saxton's River, Vermont, 
in partnership with Clement Godfrey. 
He took an active part in town affairs 
and was colonel of a Vermont regiment. 
In 1837 he returned to Swanzey and 
spent the remainder of his days there on 
his farm. Children, except the youngest, 
born at Saxton's River: Alonzo, men- 
tioned below ; Carter, bom May 27, 1820, 
a partner of his brother Alonzo until 
1871; died in Worcester, December i, 
1880; Jonidab Baker, October 2, 1823, 
died January 22, 1890; Byron, April 17, 
1826; Clement Godfrey, December 12, 
1828, died April i, 1893; Lucy Jane, May 
9^ 1834, married George Carpenter; 
Henry Homer, May 13, 1837, died Sep- 
tember 12, 1899. 

(VIII) Alonzo Whitcomb, son of 
Carter Whitcomb, was born at Saxton's 
River, Vermont, April 30, 1818. He was 
clerk in his father's store until 1837 and 
afterward salesman for David Buffum at 
Walpole, New Hampshire. He came to 
Worcester in 1845 and found employ- 
ment in the machine shop of S. C. 
Coombs & Company. In 1849, ^^ part- 
nership with his brother Carter, he pur- 
chased the copying-press business of 
George C. Taft, then located in the Howe 
& Goddard shop. Union street. In a 
few years the business of C. Whitcomb 
& Company outgrew these quarters and 
was moved to the Merriiield building at 
the corner of Exchange and Union 
streets, where it remained until the 
building was destroyed by fire in 1854, 
The firm had temporary quarters in the 
Junction shop, returning finally to the 
new Merrifield building at the corner of 
Exchange and Cypress streets. In addi- 

tion to the original business the firm 
engaged in the manufacture of metal- 
working machine tools . In 1870 Carter 
Whitcomb retired from the firm and the 
name became the Whitcomb Manufac- 
turing Company. In 1872 the business 
was moved to the Estabrook shop at the 
Junction and in 1877 ^^ the Rice & Grif- 
fin shop on Gold street. Here he suffered 
another disastrous fire, having a loss of 
$45,000 and but $5,000 insurance, but he 
continued the business without inter- 
ruption. In 1892 he built the shop at 
the comer of Sargent and Gold streets. 
From 1866 to 1881 he was a partner in 
the firm of Rice & Whitcomb with Au- 
gustus Rice in the business established 
by Timothy F. Taft, manufacturing 
metal shears and presses. Upon the 
retiremient of Mr. Rice, Mr. Whitcomb 
united the two concerns and became sole 
owner of both. He was also a partner 
in the Kabley Foundry in partnership 
with Frederick E. Reed and Arnold Kab- 
ley. When that business was incorpo- 
rated he became its treasurer. The 
foundry was at No. 50 Gold street. He 
continued in active business to the end 
of his life and was at his office daily 
until within a few months of his death. 
He died March 28, 1900, at the age of 
eighty-two years. He owned the old 
Governor John Davis house on Lincoln 
street, now occupied by his son Alonzo. 
Dickens, Thackeray and many other 
famous men have been guests in this 
house, which is one of the most interest- 
ing historically in the city. 

He married, December 14, 1857, Sybell 
(Heald) Clary, who was born at Troy, 
Maine, October 17, 1820, and died Janu- 
ary 16, 1906, at Worcester. (See Heald). 
Children of Alonzo and Sybell Whit- 
comb: I. Lucy Stella, born February 3^ 
1859; married, April 12, 1898, John 
Franklin Browning, of Salem, Massa- 
chusetts ; children — Whitcomb Brown- 



ing, born May 13, 1899; John Franklin 
Browning, Jr., September 12, 1900; 
Elizabeth Browning, October 21, 1902. 
2. Camilla Gertrude, born July 24, i860; 
resides in the house built by her father 
in i860 and occupied by his family since 
that time. No. 35 Oxford street, Worces- 
ter; she is a communicant of All Saints 
Protestant Episcopal Church and is 
active in social and charitable work, an 
earnest supporter of the equal suffrage 
movement. 3. Alonzo Wilton, men- 
tioned below. 

(IX) Alonzo Wilton Whitcomb, son of 
Alonzo Whitcomb, was born in Worces- 
ter, April II, 1862. He graduated from 
the Worcester High School in 1880 and 
from Amherst College in 1884. He be- 
came associated in business with his 
father and for many years was in part- 
nership and shared in the management 
of the business. When his father died 
the business was incorporated with his 
mother, Sybell H. Whitcomb, president, 
and her brother, Samuel H. Clary, clerk, 
Mr. Whitcomb being treasurer and man- 
ager. The stock of Mr. Reed and Mr. 
Kabley was purchased and the same offi- 
cers chosen for the Kabley corporation. 
In 1905 a further consolidation took 
place, the Whitcomb companies and the 
P. Blaisdell Machine Company uniting in 
a new corporation known as the Whit- 
comb-Blaisdell Mttchine Tool Company 
with a capitalization of $200,000, of which 
Mr. Whitcomb was president; Charles 
E. Hildreth, vice-president and treasurer ; 
William A. Blaisdell, Samuel H. Clary 
and Camilla G. Whitcomb, directors. 
This company made a specialty of metal 
planers, engine lathes and upright drills. 
Its business extended constantly and was 
highly profitable. For further history of 
the company see sketch of Charles E. 
Hildreth in this work. Mr. Whitcomb 
sold his interests in the company in Octo- 
ber, 1915, and immediately started in 


business again under the name of thie 
Worcester Lathe Company in the W. H. 
Robinson building at No. 68 Prescott 
street, beginning the manufacture of 
lathes, November 15, 191 5. 

Mr. Whitcomb is a member of Quin- 
sigamond Lodge of Free Masons, and of 
the Commonwealth and Country clubs. 
He has been a trustee of the Worcester 
County Mechanics Association and mem- 
ber of the executive council of the Wor- 
cester Metal Trades Association. He 
was formerly a member of the Worcester 
Board of Trade and its successor, the 
Chamber of Commerce. 

He married, April 4, 1894, Gertrude 
Coffey, born in Worcester, April 11, 1871. 
Children, bom in Worcester: Dorothy, 
bom January 2, 1895; Preston, May 30, 
1897 ; Wilton Alonzo, April 4, 1900. 

(The Heald Lilna). 

(I) John Heald, the immigrant ances- 
tor, came from Berwick in County Nor- 
thumberland, England, and settled in 
1635 in Concord, Massachusetts, being 
one of the first twelve settlers. He died 
there May 24, 1662. He married in Eng- 
land Dorothy . Children : John ; 

Dorcas, bom March 22, 1645; Gershom, 
January 23, 1647; Dorothy, September 

16, 1649; Dorcas, March 10, 1650; Israel, 
July 30, 1660. 

(H) John (2) Heald, son of John (i) 
Heald, married Sarah Dane, daughter of 
Thomas Dane, one of the first settlers of 
Concord, June 10, 1661. He died June 

17, 1689. She died July 22, 1689. Chil- 
dren: Elizabeth, born April 15, 1664; 
John, mentioned below ; Gershom, March 
I, 1668; Sarah, December 18, 1670; Han- 
nah, October 10, 1679. 

(HI) John (3) Heald, son of John (2) 
Heald, was born September 19, 1666, died 
November 25, 1721; married, Decemoer 

18, 1690, Mary Chandler. Children: 
John, bom August 18, 1693; Timothy, 


mentioned below; Josiah, February 28, 
1698-99; Elizabeth, December 12, 1701 ; 
Samuel, May 4, 1705; Amos, May 23, 
1708; Ephraim, February 19, 1710; Dor- 
cas, August 22, 1713; Eunice, 1715. 

(IV) Timothy Heald, son of John (3) 
Heald, was born June 7, 1696, died March 
28, 1736. He was one of the original 
proprietors of Townsend, Massachusetts. 

He married Hannah . Children: 

Timothy, mentioned below; Simon, bom 
March 7, 1725; Stephen, April i, 1727; 
Thomas, July 18, 1729; Josiah, Ebenezer, 

(V) Timothy (2) Heald, son of Tim- 
othy (i) Heald, was born October 14, 
1723, in Concord. He settled in New 
Ipswich, New Hampshire, where he was 
clerk of the proprietors. About 1770 he 
settled in Winslow, Maine, where he was 
moderator of the first town meeting, May 
23, 1771, and on the first board of select- 
men. He was on the committee of safety 
during the Revolution. He built the first 
mills at Norridgewock, Maine. He mar- 
ried, in 1748, Elizabeth Stevens. Chil- 
dren: Timothy, born 1749; John, men- 
tioned below; Sybel, 1755; Jonas, 1757; 
Josiah, 1759; Thomas, Ebenezer, Betsey. 

(VI) John (4) Heald, son of Timothy 
(2) Heald, was born in New Ipswich, in 
1751, and moved with his father to Win- 
slow. About 1778 he settled in Norridge- 
wock, Maine. He married Rebecca Willis 
Heywood, of Winslow, daughter of 
Zimri, granddaughter of Nathan and 
Esther (Willis) Heywood and a direct 
descendant of John Heywood or Hay- 
ward, a pioneer in Concord. Zimri Hey- 
wood married, June 5, 1756, Jane Foster, 
daughter of Deacon Moses Foster, of 
Ashburnham, Massachusetts. Zimri 
Heywood moved from Ashburnham to 
Winslow about 1771 ; was representative 
to the General Court from Winslow; a 
prominent citizen both in Ashburnham 
and Winslow. John Heald was constable 


and collector of Norridgewock in 1788; 
selectman and assessor in 1789-90; in the 
service of the government a few months 
in 1777. Children of John Heald: i. 
John, bom 1777, d*®^ *^ Ohio. 2. Jonas, 
of Plymouth, Maine, married Hannah 
McKenney. 3. Rebecca, bom 1780, mar- 
ried Timothy McKenney, moved to 
Mercer, New York. 4. Nathan, bom 
1783, married Anna Martin, lived at Pal- 
myra, Maine. 5. William, bom 1786, 
soldier in War of 1812, settled near Van- 
dalia, Illinois. 6. Samuel, mentioned be- 
low. 7. Arba, settled in Indiana. 

(VII) Samuel Heald, son of John (4) 
Heald, was bom March 16, 1790. About 
1808 he located at Sebasticook, now Pitts- 
field, Maine. He was commissioned cap- 
tain in the Maine militia, June 14, 1821. 
He was commissioned postmaster of Joy, 
Maine, April 30, 1822, and held that office 
until 1846. He was justice of the peace 
from about 1822 to the end of his life; 
also commissioner to qualify public ofi^- 
cers; member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of Maine in 1855. He held 
various other positions of trust and honor, 
was an excellent* citizen and a highly 
respected and worthy man. He died at 
Troy, May 17, 1864. In 1816 he and his 
family located in Joy, now Troy, Maine. 
He married Mary Carll, of Water- 
borough, Maine, daughter of John and 
Mary (Morrill) Carll. Her father was 
born in 1759, died September, 1833; ^^^ 
mother born in 1759, died December 14, 
1841. Children of Samuel Heald: i. 
Sarah J., born July 15, 1812; married, 
March, 1833, Increase Sumner Johnson; 
she died at Los Angeles, California, June 
27, 1892. 2. Peter, bom in July, 1815, 
died at Troy, March 9, 1896; married 
(first) Celinda Haskell; married (second) 
Lydia Pinkham, of Harpswell, Maine. 3. 
Sybell, mentioned below. 4. Mary, bom 
1825; married Charles A. Vickery, of 
Portland, Maine; children — ^Minnie E. 



Vickery; Lucia F. Vickery, M. D., 
Jamaica Plain, Boston; Charles H. Vick- 
ery, Fitchburg, married Minnie Wallace 
and has one child, Helen Vickery; Au- 
gusta Vickery, died young. 

(VIII) Sybell Heald, daughter of 
Samuel Heald, was born October 17, 1820. 
She married (first) February 2, 1842, 
John Clary, of Jackson, Maine, son of 
Daniel and Persis (Morse) Clary. He 
died in California, October 5, 1852, and 
she married (second) December 14, 1857, 
Alonzo Whitcomb. Children by first mar- 
riage: I. Abby Annette Clary, born at 
Troy, January 10, 1843, died April 3, 
1848. 2. John Everard Clary, born at 
Troy, November 16, 1845, ^^^d March 27, 
1848. 3. Agnes Sybell Clary, born De- 
cember 6, 1846, died May 5, 1903, at 
Worcester. 4. Mary Ella Clary, bom 
March 15, 1848, died April 4, 1875; mar- 
ried Edmund W. Bagley and had one 
son, John Luther Bagley, born Septem- 
ber 12, 1874. 5. Albert E. Clary, born 
March 15, 1848, died May 14, 1910; lawyer 
in Boston; judge of the East Boston 
District Court from February, 1886, until 
he died; married, April 14, 1881, Rosalia 
L. Dunn, daughter of Alanson and Han- 
nah (Townsend) Dunn, of Saco, Maine. 
6. Samuel Heald Clary, born June 9, 
1851, at Lincoln, Maine; treasurer of the 
Worcester Trust Company; married 
Ellen Olive Thayer; children — Ernest 
Thayer Clary, born March i, 1887, gradu- 
ate of Harvard, now with the Whitcomb- 
Blaisdell Company; Eleanor Clary, Au- 
gust 2, 1892, graduate of Vassar, 1914 
(Bachelor of Arts), a graduate student at 
Radcliffe College. 

LANGLOIS, Joseph A., 

Prominent VhjtXeUm* 

Dr. Joseph Augustin Langlois, of Pitts- 
field, was born March 23, 1842, in La 
Bruere, Lotbinierc, near Quebec, Canada, 

a grandson of Joseph Langlois, who 
came from France to Canada and settled 
on a farm there. Augustin Langlois, son 
of Joseph Langlois, was bprn there, and 
passed his active life in farming, is still 
living at the age of ninety-one years. His 
wife, Catherine (Labray) Langlois, died 
in 1887. Of their thirteen children, only 
three are now living, namely : Joseph A., 
Antonio and Charles. The last named is 
a priest in charge of a parish at Sturgeon 
Falls, Ontario, Canada. 

Dr. Joseph A. Langlois spent his early 
years on the paternal farm, participating 
in its labors and building up a fine phy- 
sique, at the same time pursuing knowl- 
edge, for which he had a keen desire. 
After a classical course at the Quebec 
College he entered the Laval University, 
where he graduated with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine, March 11, 1879, ^^^ 
at once began the practice of his profes- 
sion at Magog (Stanstead), Canada, 
where he met with success and developed 
his abilities. In 1887 he settled at Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, where he has since 
grown into a very large practice. He 
was the second of his nationality to 
locate here in professional work, and 
the first physician now in practice here. 
From the first he enjoyed a large 
practice among his compatriots, and in 
time came to be recognized as a prac- 
titioner of skill and high character. For 
many years he has occupied a leading 
position in his chosen profession, and is 
honored and esteemed by all classes of 
people in Berkshire county. His eldest 
son has tried to follow in his footsteps, 
and both are respected and appreciated 
as among the leading citizens and practi- 
tioners. Dr. Langlois is a friend and 
supporter of every movement calculated 
to benefit the community and takes a 
keen interest in the progress of his 
adopted country. Politically, he acts 
with the Democratic party. For three 



years he served the city as a member of 
the Board of Health. He is a member 
of the American Saint Jean Batiste Soci- 
ety, and of several clubs, and has reared 
a fine family of children, an honor to the 
city. He married, May 25, 1885, in 
Magog, Mary Derex, bom February 3, 
1863, in Bolton, Quebec, died November 
19, 1912, in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. 
Her father was a tailor in Boston at the 
outbreak of the Civil War in the United 
States, and enlisted in the Union army, 
serving until his death on the field. Mrs. 
Langlois lived in Bolton till twenty years 
of age, was later for some time in Leba- 
non, New Hampshire, and Woonsocket, 
Rhode Island, whence she came to Pitts- 
field. She was greatly interested in 
church and charity work, was first vice- 
president of the Pittsfield Day Nursery, 
treasurer of the Helping Hand Society 
of Notre Dame Church, and secretary 
and treasurer of the Woman's Auxiliary 
of St. Jean Batiste Society. She was a 
good mother, a true friend and noble 
character in every way, widely known 
and respected, through her good works. 
Of her seven children, six are living, 
namely: Anna; Charles, a physician of 
Pittsfield; Theresa, Napoleon, Ruth and 
Alice, all graduates of high school and 
residing with their father. Both the sons 
graduated at a convent school in Que- 
bec, and the elder graduated also at 
Sherbrooke College and in 191 1 at Belle- 
vue Medical College, New York City. 
He is now in active practice in association 
with his father in Pittsfield. 

WILDER, Solon, 

A€tlT« im O4 

The Wilders constitute a lineage well 
endowed with the qualities and faculties 
that are always essential to moral and in- 
tellectual achievement. It is not quite 
four centuries since a king of England 

conferred on their ancestral representa- 
tive the distinction which has entitled his 
descendants to be enrolled among the 
landed gentry of Great Britain. Their 
career, at once modest and honorable, has 
shown that it was guerdon not ill be- 
stowed. Those of the name and race who 
live in this country have abundant reason 
to boast of their kindred and ancestry 
beyond the Atlantic. Nor here in Amer- 
ica, under Republican institutions, has 
there been any essential change of char- 
acter. There is no doubt that the inciting 
cause was religion which led Martha 
Wilder and her children to emigrate to 
the colony of Massachusetts Bay. They 
firmly and inflexibly maintained that iron- 
side orthodoxy peculiar to the seven- 
teenth century, and their descendants 
have a full measure of their peculiar 
characteristics. The great body of them 
have been influential members of society, 
not often aspiring to lead, but not willing 
to follow a leader blindly. They have 
displayed from the first all the nobler 
characteristics of their ancestors, punctu- 
ality in the fulfilling of engagements, 
strict veneration for truth, patient in- 
dustry, inflexible tenacity, and other kin- 
dred qualities. 

(I) The first Wilder known in history 
is Nicholas Wilder, a military chieftain 
in the army of the Earl of Richmond, at 
the battle of Bos worth, in 1485. The 
name is German and would indicate that 
Nicholas was one of those who came 
with the Earl of France, and landed at 
Milford Haven, April 15, 1497. Henry 
VII. gave Nicholas Wilder, as a token 
of favor, a landed estate and a coat-of- 
arms, and that estate is still held by his 
heirs. From the son of Nicholas Wilder 
until 1777 they were bom at Shiplake, 
which seems to have been the family 
residence. Of Nicholas Wilder we do not 
know the time of his birth or death. He 
had one son. 



(II) John Wilder, son of Nicholas 
Wilder, was in possession of the ancestral 
estate by entail in 1525. His wife's name 
was Agnes, and they had a son, John 
Wilder, Esq., and a daughter, Agnes, who 
died in 1580. 

(III) John (2) Wilder, son of John (i) 
and Agnes Wilder, married Alice Keats, 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Keats, 
Esq., of Sulham House, by whom he had 
four sons : John, Nicholas, William, and 
Thomas. Thus far we have no dates of 
births and deaths. In 1582 John gave by 
deed of entail the Sulham House, of 
which his wife was heir, to William, their 
third son, probably as a part of an 
arrangement by which Thomas, the 
fourth son, was to become the proprietor 
of the entailed estate. By the will of 
John, made October, 1588, and proved by 
his widow Alice, and executors, the fol- 
lowing November, John and Thomas 
were both provided for, and a deed of 
conveyance was also made to Thomas. 
We do not know by what power the third 
son came to be made heir instead of the 
eldest, yet it was done in this case, and 
the family residence, Shiplake, which was 
not a part of the entailed estate, was prob- 
ably conveyed by deed to Thomas, and 
thus made to continue as the family 

(IV) Thomas Wilder, son of John (2) 
and Alice (Keats) Wilder, was bom and 
died at Shiplake, on the property which 
came from his father. Berry, in his "Pedi- 
grees," says that Thomas succeeded John 
at his father's death, and that his heir 
apparent was his son John of Nunhide, 
who was living in 1681, and probably 
died in 1688. Martha Wilder left Ship- 
lake in May, 1638, for the colonies. One 
strong presumption is that Martha was 
the widow of Thomas, who died in 1634, 
and that Thomas, of Charlestown, was 
the son of Martha and the brother of 
Edward ; it follows that they had an older 


brother, John, who was the heir of 
Thomas, and that all the five who had 
emigrated were his children; and until 
this is shown by proper evidence to be 
correct, we shall assume that they were 
all of one family. Thus the children of 
Thomas and Martha Wilder seem to be : 
John, heir to father's estate, died in 1688 ; 
Thomas, mentioned below; Elizabeth, 
born 1621 ; Edward, settled in Hingham ; 

(V) Thomas (2) Wilder, son of 
Thomas (i) and Martha Wilder, was 
born in Shiplake, England, in 1618, and 
settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
where he was a proprietor as early as 
1638. He was admitted a freeman, June 
2, 1641, and bought land in Charlestown, 
October 27, 1643. In 1660 and 1667 he 
was selectman, and he also held other 
offices. In 1659 he moved to Lancaster, 
Massachusetts. His wife Ann, whom he 
married in 1641, died June 10, 1692. She 
was admitted to the church May 7, 1650. 
He died October 23, 1667. He may have 
been born later than the date gfiven, as he 
deposed June 17, 1654, that he was thirty- 
three years old. His will was dated Janu- 
ary 22, 1667-68, and proved March 4» 
1668. Children : Mary, born in Charles- 
town, June 30, 1642 ; Thomas, September 
14, 1644; John, 1646; Elizabeth, 1648; 
Nathaniel, mentioned below ; Ebenezer. 

(VI) Lieutenant Nathaniel Wilder, 
third son of Thomas (2) and Ann Wilder, 
was born November 3, 1650, in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, and settled in Lan- 
caster, same colony, where he was lieu- 
tenant of the military company, and was 
killed by the Indians in July, 1704. He 
married Mary Sawyer, of Lancaster, born 
July 4, 1652, daughter of Thomas (2) and 
Mary (Prescott) Sawyer. Thomas (2) 
Sawyer was a son of Thomas (i) Sawyer, 
bom about 1616, in England, settled first 
at Rowley, Massachusetts, and in 1647 

at Lancaster, where he was one of the 


first four permanent settlers. Children: 
Nathaniel, born 1675; Ephraim, August 
16, 1678; Mary, May 12, 1679; Eliza- 
beth, February 14, 1681 ; Jonathan, April 
20, 1685; Dorothy, 1686; Oliver, men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) Oliver Wilder, youngest child of 
Lieutenant Nathaniel and Mary (Saw- 
yer) Wilder, was bom in 1694, in Lan- 
caster, and when sixteen years old was 
attached by the Indians while working 
with his brother, Nathaniel, on their 
father's farm. Three years previous to 
this their brother, Jonathan, had been 
brutally tortured to death by the Indians, 
and their brother Ephraim severely in- 
jured. Oliver and Nathaniel managed to 
escape to the garrison, but the Indian 
servant who was working with them was 
killed. Oliver Wilder was an ensign in 
the service, August 23, 1725, at which 
time he was living at Turkey Hills. At 
the age of sixty-three he turned out with 
his regiment at the Fort William alarm 
in 1757, and marched as far as Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. He was in the 
Crown Point Expedition in 1759, ^^^ ''^^e 
through all the various military grades to 
the rank of colonel. In 1726 he refused to 
accept the office of constable, and de- 
clined to pay the fine of five pounds which 
the law imposed as a penalty for refusing 
to take public service. He often served 
the town as moderator and selectman. 
His home was at South Lancaster, where 
he owned a mill privilege, and the house 
was recently still standing. He died 
March 16, 1765, and suitable stones mark 
the graves of himself and wife. He mar- 
ried, in 1713, Mary Fairbanks, born 1692, 
died June 15, 1745, daughter of Jonathan 
Fairbanks, who was a soldier under Sir 
William Phipps in the Canadian expedi- 
tion, and was a grandson of the ipimi- 
grant, Jonathan Fairbanks, of Dedham. 
Children: Hannah, born January 15, 
1716, died November 23, 1723; Mary, De- 

cember 24, 1717; Oliver, May 17, 1720; 
Tilley, June 23, 1722; Keziah, February 
27, 1725; Tamar, May 23, 1727; Phine- 
has, April 24, 1730, married, 1780, Lois 
Boies ; Lois, April 20, 1733 ; Moses, men- 
tioned below; Abigail, December 16, 

(VIII) Moses Wilder, fourth son of 
Oliver and Mary (Fairbanks) Wilder, 
was born May 24, 1736, in Lancaster, and 
lived in what is now Sterling, Massachu- 
setts. He married, November 17, 1757, 
in Lancaster, Submit Frost. Children: 
Tryphena, bom October 17, 1759; Luther, 
July 24, 1763; John, mentioned below; 
Rebecca, April 10, 1767; Sarah, May 8, 
1770; Moses, October 28, 1772; Submit, 
February 25, 1775 ; Aaron, September 14, 
1776; Abel, October 28, 1778; Patty, 
April 20, 1780; EHas, December 14, 1782; 
Belinda, January 4, 1784; and Jonas, No- 
vember 9, 1786. 

(IX) John Wilder, second son of 
Moses and Submit (Frost) Wilder, was 
born June 10, 1765, in Sterling, and died 
July I, 1852. He married (intentions 
entered March 8, 1796) Sally Whipple, 
who was born May 28, 1769, and died 
November 28, 1815. Their children were : 
John Warren, mentioned below; Joseph 
Wales, born April 20, 1798; Sally 
Whipple, May 30, 1800; Abigail, March 
16, 1802; Ben Going, January 3, 1804; 
Enos, December 29, 1805; Josephus, 
September 13, 1807; Lucy, July 21, 1809; 
Charles Lewis, February 20, 1812; Eliza 
A. W., October 14, 1814; and Rebecca, 
October 31, 1815. 

(X) John Warren Wilder, eldest child 
of John and Sally (Whipple) Wilder, was 
born January 3, 1797, and died in April, 
1869, in Belfast, Maine. He married 
Betsey Wellington, and their children 
were: John Emery, Joseph Warren, 
William Otis, Sarah, Jonas Brooks, and 

(XI) Jonas Brooks Wilder, fourth son 


f> < . » ., 





*■• -.. ■■ 

•V^-^^// .^jv^'^-^/ -^/^x^^:::^ 


of John Warren and Betsey (Wellington) 
Wilder, was born July 4, 1827, in Belfast, 
Maine, and died in Gardner, Massachu- 
setts, February 7, 1907, in his eightieth 
year. He was a mechanic and inventor, 
and designed the first side-hill plow. He 
married at Belfast, Maine, October 9, 
1849, Louisa Davidson, who was born 
April 7, 1825, in Waldo, Maine, and died 
at Gardner, Massachusetts, January 30, 
1913. To this union were born children 
as follows: Charles Wellington and 
Sarah Dinsmore (twins), born November 
14, 1851, the former dying October 2, 
1852, and the latter July 17, 1900; Harlan 
Page, born October 5, 1852, died May 19, 
1905; and William Henry, mentioned 

(XII) William Henry Wilder, young- 
est son of Jonas Brooks and Louisa 
(Davidson) Wilder, was born May 14, 
1855, at Belfast, Maine, where he lived 
until eleven years of age, when his 
parents removed to Massachusetts. Dur- 
ing the next three years he worked on a 
farm, attending school in the winter, and 
in the succeeding year worked for a 
farmer, who owned a card mill, in which 
the boy spent much of his time. Subse- 
quently he was employed by a man who 
prepared stock for the chair factories of 
Gardner, Massachusetts. For several 
years he was employed in the painting 
trade in summer, finding employment in 
the chair factories of Gardner in the 
winter seasons, during which time he 
attended school when the opportunity 
presented itself. After the age of sixteen 
years he had no further opportunities of 
schooling. When seventeen years of age 
he went into business for himself, and 
was thereafter throughout his life an 
employer of labor. He built up a large 
business in house painting, graining, 
paper hanging, fresco painting and other 
decoration, which he closed out in 1884, 
for the purpose of forming an association 


with the late A. M. Greenwood and 
Calvin H. Hill, through whose efforts the 
oil stove manufacture was brought to 
Gardner. Possessing a natural mechan- 
ical ability, Mr. Wilder began at the 
bottom and learned the business thor- 
oughly, which soon enabled him to con- 
struct the patterns and the various parts 
of the stoves. From the beginning, in 
1884, to 1909, as a result of his ingenuity 
and inventive skill, not a year passed in 
which he did not receive at least one 
patent, and over fifty of his inventions 
altogether were covered by patents issued 
to him. In the early days of the business 
his partners were connected with Hey- 
wood Brothers, manufacturers of chairs, 
and the management of the stove business 
was left in the sole charge of Mr. Wilder, 
who was his own bookkeeper, salesman 
and general manager. He was a promi- 
nent factor in the consolidation of various 
interests in the Central Oilgas Stove 
Company, and became the treasurer of 
the company, with headquarters at Flor- 
ence, Massachusetts. Other factories 
were maintained at Greenwich, Connecti- 
cut, and at Jackson, Michigan, with ware- 
houses in Boston, New York and Chicago. 
The business of this concern grew rapid- 
ly, aggregating about one million dollars 
per year, and was carried on successfully 
by Mr. Wilder through the panic of 1892- 
94. In 1895, through no fault of his own, 
he found himself involved in business 
disaster and with obligations of over a 
quarter of a million dollars hanging over 
his head. He assumed these obligations, 
however, preferring to try to liquidate 
them rather than to take advantage of 
the courts of bankruptcy. Before his 
death the entire amount was either paid 
or abundantly made good. In 1896, Mr. 
Wilder reorganized the Gardner, Massa- 
chusetts, plant, which is now conducted 
under the name of the Central Oil & Gas 
Stove Company, and in the following 


year he bought out the famous free level 
oil stove patents, which revolutionized 
the manufacture of kerosene oil burning 
stoves. On April 19, 1899, the Gardner 
plant was badly damaged by fire, the 
power plant and foundry, however, being 
but partially damaged. Before the fire 
was extinguished the directors met and 
voted to rebuild, and within a week there 
had been constructed a temporary build- 
ing one hundred and forty feet long, in 
which workmen were again engaged in 
the construction of stoves. The great 
coal strike three years later created a 
boom for the product of this plant, and 
though selfish interests would have led 
him to ignore the coal strike, Mr. Wilder 
interested himself in procuring coal for 
the people of Gardner, who were occa- 
sioned much suffering by the scarcity of 
that fuel. He went to New York City, 
Jersey City and other points, visiting the 
heads of the coal carrying railroads, but 
without success. At Utica, New York, 
however, he managed to secure thirty- 
two carloads of coal, which was delivered 
in Gardner in thirty-one days, and the 
coal famine in that city was broken. 
After paying all expenses of this enter- 
prise there was a balance of five hundred 
dollars, which was distributed through 
the pastors of the various churches for 
use among the needy. This incident is 
but one of many that might be cited 
showing the public-spirited and benevo- 
lent character of Mr. Wilder. The 
Central Oil & Gas Stove Company, which 
began with nothing in 1884, is to-day one 
of the largest and foremost industries in 
the town of Gardner, and stands as a 
monument to the constructive ability of 
Mr. Wilder. As an employer of labor he 
was held in high regard by his employees, 
many of whom continued in his employ 
for years, and he was also esteemed by 
the labor unions, as he often paid a 

higher wage than that provided by the 
union scale. 

Another most interesting event in the 
life of Mr. Wilder was his pursuit of the 
study of law after he had attained the 
age of forty-five years, he being admitted 
to the bar in the District of Columbia. 
Upon attaining his majority he became 
actively interested in political affairs and 
thus continued throughout life. A stal- 
wart Republican in political faith, he 
soon became a prominent factor in the 
councils of that party, to the various 
conventions of which he was frequently 
a delegate. Mr. Wilder represented the 
Fourth Massachusetts District in the 
Sixty-second Congress, and after the re- 
districting the present Third District in 
the Sixty-third Congress, from April 14, 
191 1, until his death, which occurred in 
Washington, D. C, on September 11, 
191 3. He was a member of the commit- 
tees on patents and railways and canals 
in the Sixty-second Congress, and in the 
Sixty-third Congress served as a member 
of the committees on patents, revision of 
laws and census. He was an extensive 
and observing traveler, having made five 
trips to the Pacific Coast, and in the 
spring of 1909 spent a month in Panama, 
where he investigated generally the plans 
and operations of the great canal con- 
structed by the United States. He made 
four trips to Europe, making a study of 
monetary affairs, a subject in which he 
had been much interested for many years, 
and in an address before the committee on 
banking and currency of the House of 
Representatives demonstrated his general 
knowledge of the subject. 

Mr. Wilder was an active and useful 
member of the First Congregational 
Church of Gardner, and took a promi- 
nent part in the organization of the 
Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor connected with the church, of 



-which he was a charter member. In all ter of Samuel Newell and Fidelia (Whit- 

projects having for their object the better- 
ment and welfare of the community, Mr. 
Wilder was always found taking an 
earnest interest and giving freely of his 
n^eans, and though of a generous nature 
his giving was always done with an 
unostentatious hand. Progressive, up-to- 
date, he was ever ready to exert his 
influence and aid in all movements in the 
interest of better conditions, good gov- 
ernment, the promotion of the town and 
the best means of advancing its pros- 
perity. He was essentially a selfmade 
man, and his success in life was due to 
his forcefulness, keen executive ability, 
and by an intelligent application of his 
energies. Socially, he was of a genial 
nature, possessed an even temperament, 
and was sympathetic, charitable, warm in 
his impulses, accessible, and polite to all, 
without regard for outward conditions or 
circumstances. He was a prominent and 
active member of the Masonic organiza- 
tion, holding membership in Hope Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons; Gardner 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of which 
he was the first high priest ; and Ivanhoe 
Commandery, No. 46, Knights Templar, 
all of Gardner. He had attained the 
thirty-second degree in Masonry, holding 
membership in the Massachusetts Con- 
sistory, and was also a member of Aleppo 
Temple, Order of the Mystic Shrine, of 
Boston. He was also an honorary 
member of D. J. Farragut Post, No. 116, 
Grand Army of the Republic, of Gardner. 
Mr. Wilder maintained a summer home 
at Friendship, Maine, and was also the 
owner of a farm of two hundred and 
forty-three acres on the outskirts of 
Gardner, in which he took much pride 
and interest. 

Mr. Wilder married (first) June 20, 
1876, Helen Marion Laws, who was born 
March 7, 1855, ^^ Gardner, where she 
passed away November 30, 1909, daugh- 

ney) Laws. To this union were born the 
following children: i. Solon, mentioned 
below. 2. Marion L., born October 7, 
1885, in Gardner, was educated in the 
schools of that city and at Mt. Holyoke 
College, and has spent much tim£ in 
travel abroad. 3. Paul, born March 28, 
1888, in Gardner, was educated there,, 
graduating from the Gardner High 
School, and was also a student at Har* 
vard and Cornell universities; he is me- 
chanical engineer of the Central Oil & 
Gas Stove Company's plant at Gardner; 
he married, December 8, 1913, Beatrice 
Leaycock, and they have one daughter, 
Helen Beatrice, born November 27, 1914, 
in Gardner. 4. Alice F., born March 25, 
1890, in Gardner, is the wife of Harold 
I. Wood, and they reside in Gardner, the 
parents of one son. Wilder Wood, bom 
August 31, 1913, in Gardner. 5. Naomi 
H., born February 26, 1893, in Florence, 
Massachusetts, is the wife of Wallace C. 
Gay, of Brockton, Massachusetts, and 
they reside in Gardner, the parents of one 
daughter, Virginia Gay, born May 5, 1910, 
in Hampton, Virginia. Mr. Wilder mar- 
ried (second) March 22, 1912, Irene Paula 
Uibel, who survives him. , 

The following resolutions of respect 
were passed by the Business Men's Asso- 
ciation of Gardner, upon the death of Mr. 

APFRficiATioN.^The Honorable William H. 
Wilder, the first citizen of Gardner to be elected 
a member of the National House of Representa- 
tives, died in Washington, D. C, on Thursday, 
September nth, 1913. 

From early manhood to the time of his death 
Mr. Wilder was actively connected with the busi- 
ness life of Gardner. Under difficult conditions 
he established and developed the prosperous 
manufacturing business which is now so impor- 
tant a part of our commercial life. In these later 
years of his prosperity Mr. Wilder interested 
himself in numerous Gardner enterprises, and has 
been a great help to other men. 



In his public career Mr. Wilder quickly gained 
a reputation for force, bravery and effectiveness. 
It is a great misfortune to Gardner that his life 
should end at a time when he seemed best able to 
accomplish large things. 

Mr. Wilder passes away after a notable struggle 
against disease, in the midst of a busy life, with 
his face toward the front, and active to the last 
in the faithful performance of his duties. 

The Business Men's Association of Gardner 
hereby order this statement of appreciation to be 
made a part of its records, and a copy to be sent 
to each member of Congressman William H. Wil- 
der's family. 

(XIII) Solon Wilder, eldest child of 
the late William Henry and Helen 
Marion (Laws) Wilder, was bom May 
19, 1884, in Gardner, Massachusetts. He 
received his early educational training in 
the schools of Florence and Gardner^ 
Massachusetts, graduating from the high 
school of the latter town in 1901. He 
then entered Harvard University, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 
1905, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
Upon leaving college he became asso- 
ciated with his father in business. For 
two years he was engaged in traveling in 
the interests of the Central Oil & Gas 
Stove Company. In 1906, Mr. Wilder 
was made president of this company, in 
which capacity he has since continued. 
He is also president of the Meals Print- 
ing Company, of Gardner, besides having 
an interest in various other extensive 
business affairs of the town. He is 
among the most active and public-spirited 
citizens of his native town, and exercises 
an influence in the conduct of affairs in 
the community. He is much interested 
in the progress and welfare of his native 
country, and in political activities acts 
with the Republican party. Like his 
father before him, Mr. Wilder possesses 
an affable and genial manner, and is held 
in high esteem by all who know him. 
In religious faith he is a Congregation- 
alist, holding membership in the First 

Congregational Church, of Gardner. Mr. 
Wilder is a prominent and active member 
of the Masonic fraternity, heading mem- 
bership in Hope Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Gardner Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, of which he is past high 
priest ; and in Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 
46, Knights Templar, all of Gardner. He 
has also attained the thirty-second degree 
in Masonry, holding membership in the 
Massachusetts Consistory, and is as well 
a member of Aleppo Temple, Order of 
the Mystic Shrine, of Boston. He is also 
an active member of various clubs and 
social organizations, among them the 
City Club and the Harvard Club, both 
of Boston, the Fay Club, of Fitchburg, 
the Gardner Boat Club, and the Ridgley 
Country Club, of Gardner. 

On June 12, 1907, Mr. Wilder was 
united in marriage to Edith Leavens, who 
was bom November 15, 1884, in Brook- 
lyn, New York, daughter of Thomas C. 
and Fanny (Birch) Leavens, and to this 
union have been bom two children, name- 
ly: Ruth, born February 28, 1909, in 
Gardner, and died there March 31, 191 1 ; 
and Richard, born September 11, 191 1, in 

PUTNAM, William Andrew, 

The lineage of a very large part of Put- 
nams of New England is traced to John 
Putnam, the immigrant, the ancestor of 
several prominent citizens of the early 
days of Massachusetts. The name comes 
from Puttenham, a place in England, and 
this perhaps from the Flemish word putie, 
"a well," plural putten and ham, signify- 
ing a **home," and the whole indicating a 
settlement by a well. Some four or five 
years after the settlement of Salem, Mas- 
sachusetts, it became necessary to extend 
the area of the town in order to accom- 



modate a large number of immigrants 
who were desirous of locating within its 
jurisprudence, and as a consequence 
farming communities were established at 
various points, some of them being con- 
siderable distance from the center of 
population. Several families newly ar- 
rived from England founded a settlement 
which they called Salem Village,